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List of Officers 5 

Report of the Librarian 7 

Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and 

Grounds 69 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) ... 83 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1906-7 85 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 91 

III. Copyright bill. Statement of the Librarian 

of Congress in 

IV. Manuscripts: Accessions, 1905-6 127 

V. Division of Prints: Collection of prints, origi- 
nal drawings, water-color paintings, and 
illustrated books by celebrated Japanese 
artists. Given by Mr. Crosby S. Noyes, 
Washington, D. C 141 


The Library of Congress Exterior view 

Plan of the cellar 

Plan of the basement 

Plan of the first or main floor 

Plan of the second floor 

Plan of the attic . 




1802-1807 John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and 

1807-1815 Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives 

and Librarian 

1815-1829 George Watterston 
1829-1861 John Silva Meehan 
1861-1864 John G. Stephenson 
1864-1897 (June 30} Ainsworth Rand Spofford 
f $97 (J u fy i}-January 77, 1899 John Russell Young 
1899 (April 5} Herbert Putnam 



HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress 
AINSWORTH RAND SPOFFORD Chief Assistant Librarian 
Allen Richards Boyd Chief Clerk 
Margaret Drake McGuffey Secretary 


Reading Rooms David Hutcheson, Superintendent; John Graham 
Morrison, Hugh Alexander Morrison, chief assistants. Reading 
Room for the Blind Esther Josselyn Giffin, assistant in charge 
Division of Bibliography Appleton Prentiss Clark Griffin, Chief 
Card Section Charles Harris Hastings, in charge 
Catalogue Division James Christian Meinich Hanson, Chief; Charles 

Martel, Chief Classifier 

Division of Documents James David Thompson, Chief 
Division of Manuscripts Worthington Chauncey Ford, Chief 
Division of Maps and Charts Philip Lee Phillips, Chief 
Division of Music Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, Chief 
Order Division Hermann Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief 
Division of Periodicals Claude Bernard Guittard, Chief 
Division of Prints Arthur Jeffrey Parsons, Chief 
Smithsonian Deposit Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian 

Institution); Francis Henry Parsons, Assistant in charge 
Law Library George Winfield Scott, Custodian 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 


TnoRVAivD SOXBERG, Register 


Printing William Henr}- Fisher, foreman 
Binding Henry Clay Kspey, foreman 



George Norris French, Chief Clerk 

Charles Benjamin Titlow, Chief Engineer 

Damon Warren Harding, Electrician 

John Yanderbilt \Vurdemann, Captain of the watch 






Washington, D. C., December 3, 1906 
SIR : I have the honor to submit my report as Librarian 
of Congress for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906. 


The following table exhibits the appropriations and ex- 
penditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright 
Office for the fiscal year and the appropriations for the 
year now current. Details are given in Appendix la. In- 
cluded also are the appropriations for the equipment and 
care of the building and grounds, expended by the Super- 
intendent. The allotment for printing and binding (during 
the past year $185,000) is not included. 

Object of appropriation 

tions, 1905 

tions, 1906 

tures, 1906 

tions, 1907 

Library and Copyright Office: 

$236 660 oo 

Salaries, special service 

a 2, 090. oo 


a 2, 479. 16 

a 2, 215. 78 

Salaries, Sunday service 





Salaries, distribution of card 

67 798 18 

Salaries, indexes, digests, and 
compilation of laws . 

5, 840. oo 

Salaries, Copyright Office 

o 74, 700. oo 

c 74, 700. oo 
d 98 ooo oo 


7 300 oo 

7, 300. oo 

7, 289 1 6 

Total Library and Copyright 


437, 154- 94 

435, 242. 13 

447, 215. 78 

Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance 

76, 785. oo 

77, 505- oo 

77, 034- 86 

77, 505. oo 

Fuel, light, and miscellaneous. 

32, 500. oo 

32, 500. oo 

32, 460. 29 

32, 500. oo 

Furniture and shelving 

40, ooo. oo 

40, ooo. oo 


20, 000. 00 

Plans for newspaper stack . 

Grand total 

589, 435. oo 

589, 959- 94 


582, 520. 78 

a Including balance brought forward. 

bThis expenditure is offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury during 

the past year, $16,746.97 actually applied 
cThis expenditure is offset b 

y fees covered into the Treasury during the past 
year, $80,198. 

d Exclusive of $1,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for 
new books for that body. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ti'*ns pr pr ' a ' As will be seen, the appropriations for the past year were 
substantially identical with those for the preceding. There 
was no increase of employees or in the salaries of particular 
positions. Only two additional positions had, in fact, been 
requested: One of a stenographer for the Periodical Division, 
at $900; the other of a clerk, at $600, in the Copyright Office. 
These have now been granted (effective July i, 1906). One 
increase of salary also, carrying a change of designation, or 
rather the creation of a distinctive office that of Chief 
Classifier was provided at the last session; and of the 
remaining nine heretofore recommended annually in my 
estimates as necessary to a fair adjustment of the roll, two 
have been withdrawn, leaving only seven now to be sought. 
The recommendations for these are again repeated in my 
estimates for the coming year. An increase of $3,000 
(effective July i, 1906) for the Card Section includes a 
special provision for traveling and transportation expenses 
in connection with the sale and distribution of the printed 
cards. The appropriation for the increase of the Library 
(for which $100,000 was asked) remains still at $90,000. 
The request for the full amount is repeated in my estimates 
for 1907-8. Repeated also is the recommendation for a 
grant ($28,000) for the compilation of an Index to Compara- 
tive Legislation. A recent provision for certain work of a 

Law Indexes 

cognate nature in connection with the Law Library has 
been induced by a realization of its importance. The pro- 
vision, incorporated in the sundry civil act for the present 
year, is as follows: 


LAW CLERKS THEREFOR: To enable the Librarian of 
Congress to direct the Law Librarian to prepare a 
new index to the Statutes at Large, in accordance with 
a plan previously approved by the Judiciary Commit- 
tees of both Houses of Congress, and to prepare such 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 9 

other indexes, digests, and compilations of law as 
may be required for Congress and other official use, 
five thousand eight hundred and forty dollars to pay 
for five additional assistants in the Law Library: One 
at eighteen hundred dollars, one at twelve hundred 
dollars, one at nine hundred dollars, and two at seven 
hundred and twenty dollars each, and for the Law 
Librarian five hundred dollars, the said sum to be paid 
to the Law Librarian notwithstanding seventeen hun- 
dred and sixty-five of the Revised Statutes. ' ' 


Mr. Thomas G. Alvord, Chief Clerk of the Library under Resignations 
my predecessor, and continuing so for six and a half years 
of my own administration, left us a year ago to resume 
newspaper work under very attractive conditions. His en- 
thusiasm, interest, loyalty, and unfailing good humor 
laid the service under obligations which I very cordially 

Mr. Edward L- Burchard, in the service of the Library 
since May i, 1904, in charge of our publications and Chief 
of the Order Division, was compelled by personal affairs 
requiring his attention to withdraw from our service on 
July i last. He brought additional efficiency to the con- 
duct of the Order Division and the system in operation 
there, and the improvements effected by him in his other 
capacity in the style and quality of the Library publica- 
tions have not merely established new standards for these, 
but will be likely to influence the style and quality of our 
Government publications in general. The most notable 
volumes issued by the Library the History of the Library, 
the Journals of the Continental Congress, the Catalog of 
the Hubbard Collection, the A. L. A. Catalog, the Por- 
trait Index, and the Records of the Virginia Company 
were produced under his advice and direction as to form, 
paper, typography, illustration, and all other details of 

io Report of the Librarian of Congress 

manufacture. In various respects they represent a depar- 
ture from the traditions of the Government Printing Office, 
which has been recognized by the public and by the Office 
itself to be most creditable. 

Mr. Allan B. Slauson left us a year ago to engage in busi- 
ness in the West. He had been Chief of the Periodical 
Division from the date of his entrance into the service Sep- 
tember i, 1897. When he took charge the material lay for 
the most part, unmeasured tons of it, in heaps upon the 
floors of the two great rooms now the Catalogue Room and 
Periodical Reading Room. His initial and principal task 
was to assort it and reduce it to order and arrange it upon 
the shelves, a task of prodigious labor and infinite and 
tedious detail. The industry which he and his assistants 
applied to it did not, even in eight years, bring it to com- 
pletion, but advanced it so far that its completion can be 
accomplished within the early future as an incident to 
the other work of the Periodical Division, whose main work 
must now be, as it has been for six years past, the conduct 
of the Periodical Reading Room and the handling of cur- 
rent accessions. 

Appointments f o t h e vacancy in the office of Chief Clerk there was 
transferred Mr. Allen R. Boyd, of the Library service since 
June i, 1899, and Secretary since that office was created. 
The Secretaryship has been filled by the appointment of 
Miss Margaret D. McGuffey, for nine years chief of the 
Issue Department at the Boston Public Library. 

Mr. Burchard's place has been taken by Mr. H. H. B. 
Meyer, a member of the Library service since January 3, 
1905, and from January till July of the present year in tem- 
porary conduct of the Periodical Division. Mr. Claude B. 
Guittard, a member of the Library service from September 
i, 1903, until September i, 1904, and since then Librarian 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, has returned to take 
charge of the Periodical Division. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Among the losses to the Library by resignation among 
the principal assistants, a recent one seriously felt in our 
classification is that of Mr. A. F. W. Schmidt. He leaves 
us to become librarian and assistant professor of German 
in George Washington University. 

The newly designated office of ' ' Chief Classifier ' ' has, of 
course, been filled by Mr. Charles Martel, who has had 
actual charge of the reclassification since its beginning. 


The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full 
as Appendix II. 

The principal statistics of the business done are as COPYRIGHT.- 


follows : 

Fees received and 

Fiscal years 





i9 4-5 


Domestic (50 cents) 

8, 538. oo 

$42, 172.50 

$44, 340. oo 
9, 299. oo 

$46, 360. oo 

9, 830. oo 

$54, 080. 50 

Foreign ($i) entries. . . 

For certificates 

12, 569- 50 

13, 223. 50 

14, 423. oo 




For assignments re- 

641. oo 








For searches 




72, 629. oo 

78, 058. oo 

80, 198. oo 

Total number of de- 

posits received (ma- 

terial of all classes, 

including d u p 1 i- 

162, 283 


169, 726 
9 2, 978 


97, 979 

184, 799 
103, 130 

207, 424 



Total number of en- 

Total communica- 

tions received, in- 

cluding parcels, but 

excluding deposits 
noted above 


79, 143 


73, 478 



Total communica- 

tions sent out (in- 

cluding letters writ- 



121,249 129,600 

137, 779 

145, 020 

12 Report of t lie Librarian of Congress 

It will be noted that during the past year the number 
of entries has reached 117,704. 

The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treas- 
ury and not applied directly to the maintenance of the 
Copyright Office. They form a regular revenue of the 
Government, however, and a net revenue over the direct 
expenses of the Office, as appears from the following 
comparison : 



Receipts awrfFees covered in during the fiscal year 1905-6, as above. . . $So, 198. oo 


Salaries, as stated $74, 536. 67 

Stationery and sundries i, 055. 89 

75, 592. 56 

Net cash earnings 4, 605. 44 

The amount expended for salaries ($74,536.67) includes 
the sum of $4,680 paid in salaries to certain employees 
who have been classif)dng and crediting the old deposits 
received prior to 1897. This expenditure is chargeable 
to arrears. The current expenses of the Office are there- 
fore considerably more than met by the current receipts. 

The above statement includes all disbursements except 
the cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only 
casJi receipts. 

In addition to cash fees the copyright business brings 
each year to the Government, in the articles deposited, prop- 
erty to the value of many thousands of dollars. During 
the past fiscal year 211,138 such articles were received. The 
value of those drawn up into the collections of the Library 
far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings. 

The work of the Copyright Office is divided into two 
portions: (i) The current business, covering applications 
received since the reorganization of the Office under the 
Register in 1897; (2) the arrears, the classification, credit- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 13 

ing, and indexing of the entries and deposits prior to 1897 
(i. e., from 1870, when the copyright business was first 
placed under the Librarian of Congress). 

On the 5th day of July, 1906, when the report of the Copy- COPYRIGHT OF- 
right Office was submitted, the remittances received up to Current busi- 
the third mail of the day had been recorded and acknowl- 
edged; the account books of the bookkeeping division were 
written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts rendered 
to the Treasury Department were settled up to and includ- 
ing the month of June, while earned fees to June 30, inclu- 
sive, had been paid into the Treasury. 

All copyright applications received up to and during 
June 30 had been passed upon and refunds made. The 
total unfinished business for the full nine years from July i , 
1897, to June 30, 1906, amounts to but $366.96, as against 
a total of completed business for the same period of 

At the close of business on July 5, 1906, notwithstanding 
the intervening Sunday and holiday (July 4), the titles for 
record in all classes had been dated, classified, and numbered 
to July 3. All titles had been indexed up to June 30. 

The articles of all classes deposited during the year had 
been stamped, catalogued, and credited up to the receipts 
of June 30, inclusive, except Class A, books II and III, to 
June 23, and Class D, dramatic compositions, to June 25. 

The Catalogue of Title Entries had been brought forward 
to No. 782 of June 28, 1906. 

The certificate and noncertificate entries had been recorded 
to June~3o, inclusive, and certificates and notices of entry 
to the same date made, revised, and mailed. 

Credited articles to the number of 50,045 (including 1,328 Co ^ OHT F ~ 
pamphlets, 26,636 periodicals, 13,261 musical compositions, The arrears 
2,710 cuts and prints, and 3,064 photographs) have been 
properly filed away under year and number. In the work 

14 Report of tli e Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OF- o f cre ditmg deposits, 27,928 articles were handled and 25,61 1 
Arrears articles (including 12,495 musical compositions, 1,200 maps, 
2,698 cuts and prints, and 5,352 photographs) were credited 
and properly filed away. In the case of 2,317 articles, 
identification and credit could not be made, and they were 
accordingly indexed and filed. 

Index cards (title and proprietor) for dramatic composi- 
tions to the number of 17,840 and for photographs to the 
number of 16,220 were written. 

At the cloce of business June 30, 1906, there remained 
uncredited in the files of the Copyright Office 118,734 
articles deposited prior to July i, 1897, as follows: 

Pamphlets and leaflets 34, 444 

Periodical numbers 16, 091 

Musical compositions 44, 087 

Insurance maps 7, 190 

Engravings, cuts, and prints 7, 384 

Chromos 2, 362 

Posters 2, 969 

Articles which could not be credited 4, 207 

Total 1 18, 734 

During the past nine years the business done by the 
Office shows the following: 

Total number of entries 868, 827 

Total number of articles deposited i, 487, 281 

Total amount of fees received and applied $607, 533. 50 

Total expenditure for service $502, 1 24. 89 

Net receipts above expenses for service $105, 408. 61 

During the thirty six years since the copyright work 
became a business of the Library of Congress the total 
number of entries has been 1,749,683. 

In m y report for 1905 (pp. 85-94) I described the con- 
ferences looking to a revision and consolidation of the 
United States copyright laws. The two held in May and 
November, 1905, were succeeded by a third in March, 
1906. With the aid of the advisory committees of the bar 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 15 

associations represented, a bill was then drawn which was 
introduced concurrently in the Senate and House of Rep- 
resentatives May 31, 1906. A first hearing upon this was 
given by the committees on Patents of the two Houses, 
sitting as a Joint Committee at the Library June 6-9, 1906. 
The bill is still in committee. 

The nature of the conferences and of the participation in 
them was described in my last report. Their limitations, 
in particular, were emphasized in my introductory remarks 
to the delegates, quoted on pages 90-91 of that report. 
They were reiterated in my remarks to the committees on 
Patents relating the history of the bill at the first hearing. 
(See Appendix III.) 

The conferences were of interests concerned affirmatively 
that is, in a broader or more definite protection; and the 
relation of the Copyright Office to them was that of organ- 
izer and interpreter. Demands for a revision of the copy- 
right laws had been numerous and from various sources. 
The Office undertook to organize them and give them ex- 
pression in a form convenient for the consideration of Con- 
gress. But this was the limit of its undertaking. It aided 
in the framing of a bill; but it had no authority to make a 
law. It did not deliberately include in the bill any matter 
inappropriate to a copyright law; but it included particular 
provisions as to whose justice or expediency it could itself 
offer no assurance to Congress. Its duty was to insert these 
in their logical place in the bill, calling them to the atten- 
tion of the committee as specially distinguishable from the 
more general provisions, and emphasizing that their pres- 
ence in the bill was based upon ex parte representations 
alone, the negative being yet to be heard. This it did. (See 
my remarks to the committee, pp. 111-125 of this Report) 
The effect was to reduce these provisions to the status which 
they would have occupied if presented to Congress in a sepa- 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

rate bill, as was quite within the power of the interests con- 
cerned in them. 


All of the above (the nature of the conferences, the rela- 
tion of the Copyright Office to them and the bill, and the 
status of provisions such as these) was understood by the 
conferences, and, I believe, by the committee. I recite it 
here because of some misunderstanding on the part of others 
who have referred to the conferences as if gatherings for the 
judicial determination of the propriety of such provisions, 
at which the L/ibrarian and Register sat as a commission 
empowered to draft a law; and who have contended, there- 
fore, that the omission from them of representatives of the 
opposition was singularly unjudicial, and indeed suspicious. 


Contents of the Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets in 

Library June 30, 

igos,andjune jo, June, I9O2, as being accurate, the total contents of the 
Library, inclusive of the L,aw Library, at the close of the 
past two fiscal years were as follows: 






Maps and charts (pieces) 
Music (pieces) 

4IO, 352 


437 5 IG 

27, 158 



Printed books 
and pamphlets as follows: 

Not capable of precise estimate. 

The accessions of the past two years in detail have been 



Printed books and pamphlets 

68 951 

34 626 

Manuscripts (report omitted) 

Maps and charts (pieces) 


2 7 158 

Prints ( pieces) 

25, 273 


30, 552 

Net accessions 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The accessions of books and pamphlets during the past 
two years in detail, classified by source, have been as 




22 998 

15 248 

Bv gift 

16, 348 

9 54 2 

By transfer from. United States Government libraries 

15, 470 

14, 062 



By international exchange (from foreign Governments). . 
Gifts from State and local governments, corporations, etc 

ii, 763 

9, 1 77 

7 04 

6 661 

2 832 

2 441 



library of Congress publications specially bound 
Gain of volumes by completion of periodicals and separation in 

( 6 ) 
6, 748 

I 3 973 

95 75^ 

8 1 385 


Through consolidation in binding 


10, 373 

Duplicates sent in exchange c 


36, 386 


26, 805 

46, 759 

68 951 

34 626 

a No separate record. 

b No record. 

o Including documents returned to the Superintendent of Documents. 

Among recent purchases of interest is the collection of shaker litera- 
Shaker literature brought together by Prof. J. P. MacL,ean, 

of Franklin, Ohio. Professor MacL,ean was engaged in mak- 
ing this collection for the greater part of his life, and it is 
now believed to be the most complete in existence. Much 
of it is of the most fugitive character, consisting of leaf- 
lets, tracts, and pamphlets, and the collection could hardly 
be duplicated with the expenditure of even the most diligent 
effort. It comprises 113 books, 320 pamphlets, 48 broad- 
sides, and 6 manuscripts. 

Among the accessions of printed material by gift has been shoemaker 
the Shoemaker collection. This came from Mr. Charles G. 
Shoemaker, as executor of the will of his uncle, William 

1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Lukens Shoemaker, of Washington, who died on February 
8, 1906. The bequest was as follows: 

"I give and bequeath to the Library of Congress at 
Washington, D. C., all such books, pamphlets, and edi- 
tions of books in my library as are not already in that 
national collection, together with such duplicate vol- 
umes as may be deemed desirable by the Librarian of 
Congress to be preserved therein, the only condition 
attached to this bequest being that in each volume or 
pamphlet there shall be affixed a printed label stating 
briefly the same to be from my collection by bequest. ' ' 

Under the above terms the Library has its choice of 2,020 
volumes and 549 pamphlets. The selection is now in process. 

The \vill of the late Samuel Hay Kauffmann, of Wash- 
ington, dated October 25, 1905, and offered for probate 
March 22, 1906, contains the following bequest: 

' ' My collection of books, papers, etc. , relating to 
the art of printing and allied interests, now stored in 
one of the rooms in The Evening Star building, I 
give and bequeath to the Library of Congress on condi- 
tion that it be kept together intact in a suitable room 
or alcove to be set apart for that purpose, and that a 
bookplate or label be placed in each volume, which 
shall show in proper terms whence they came to ' the 
Library. Otherwise the said collection shall revert to 
and become a part of the residue of my estate. ' ' 

On examination of the collection it was found that most 
of the books would duplicate copies already in the Library 
of Congress, and the conditions proposed did not seem 

The late Woodbury Lowery, of Washington, D. C., 
scholarly investigator, and historian of the early Spanish 
settlements in this hemisphere, died in Sicily April 1 1, 1906, 
leaving in his will, dated the 5th of July, 1904, the follow- 
ing important bequest: 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 19 

"I give, devise, and bequeath unto the Library of 
Congress, in the city of Washington, in the District of 
Columbia, my collection of Manuscripts, to wit: 

"Eighteen (18) volumes (including the Indexes) of 
Copies of Manuscripts relating to Florida, New Mex- 
ico, California, etc., bound with white parchment backs, 
Two (2) volumes of original Manuscripts entitled: 
(i) 'Manuscritos historicos; ' (2) ' Visitas de Presidios 
por Rubi, etc.' 

"The anonymous original manuscript entitled: ' De- 
scripcion Historica, Cronologica, etc., de la Florida.' 

' ' My manuscript entitled : ' A Preliminary List of 
Maps of the Spanish Possessions within the present 
Limits of the United States. ' 

" I also give, devise, and bequeath unto the same the 
following printed books and maps, to wit: 

( i ) " ' Alonso de Molina, Vocabulario en la Lengua 
Castellana y Mexicana,' printed in Mexico in 1555; (2) 
The Biblia Mariana; (3) ' II Principe' of Machiavelli, 
printed at Venice, 1550; (4) my collection of maps, 
with the condition that it be preserved intact and be 
known as the Lowery Collection of Maps relating to the 
Spanish possessions within the present limits of the 
United States. 

" I also give, devise, and bequeath unto the same the 
photographic negatives of manuscript maps contained 
in two boxes marked ' Negatives of manuscript maps. ' 

' ' I also direct that the Librarian of Congress be al- 
lowed to select for the Library of Congress, from among 
the following books in my library, such works as may 
not at the time be in the possession of the Library of 
Congress, to wit: 

' ' ( i ) Books relating to the history of Florida, Texas, 
New Mexico, California, and Mexico; (2) books on 
palmistry; (3) books on Jewish history; (4) my 
Spanish books generally." 

The paragraphs which follow, descriptive of the accessions 
to the several particular divisions of the Library Manu- 
scripts, Documents, Law, Maps and Charts, Music, Period- 

20 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ical, Prints are in the main (in the case of the Manuscripts 
verbatim) drawn from the reports of their respective chiefs 
to the Librarian. 


The usual list of accessions to the Manuscripts Division, 
by gift and by purchase, during the fiscal year 1906 is 
given in Appendix IV. It here remains briefly to note the 
more important. 

In size and in importance of content the gift of Dr. Stuy- 

I'an Bur en J 

papers vesant Fish Morris, of New York, must rank first among 

the accessions of the year. In my last report (p. 25) I 
recorded a gift received from Doctor Morris of 860 letters 
addressed to Martin Van Buren, with printed circulars and 
broadsides. In the last year he has added about 1,700 like 
letters and political issues, being what remained of the Van 
Buren collection, outside of a -few family letters which he 
wished to retain. This last gift included much of Van 
Buren' s own writings, drafts of letters, dispatches, addresses, 
and state papers, and proved to be particulary rich upon 
the political events of his own Administration tariff and 
banking, the Subtreasury, foreign trade, Texas, and slavery. 
Nearly one-half of the 1,700 papers pertain to the period 
of his Presidential service and the four preceding years 
when he was Vice- President, and constitute an unique record 
of that troublous period, when a radical change was 
made in the fiscal machinery of the Government, accom- 
panied by a financial crisis that had not been equaled in 
severity in the history of the Union up to that time. The 
effects upon Van Buren 's own political career are too well 
known to require more than a passing notice. 

In the combined gifts of Van Buren papers, from Mrs. 
Smith Thompson Van Buren and Dr. Stuyvesant Fish 
Morris, the Library possesses a remarkably complete col- 
lection of interesting political documents bearing upon the 
middle period of the history of the United States. A 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 21 

mere list of names of the writers would convey little idea 
of the importance of the letters, for a good portion of 
the writers enjoyed a local rather than a national repu- 
tation. The rise of the West in politics and the change 
in the political balance of power are described in these 
contemporary records of the men who bore the leading 
share in the activities of party management, who were 
prominent in shaping the polity of the States, and through 
them that of the United States. Van Buren, as the cen- 
ter of party ambition and later as the storm center of 
political reverses, enjoyed unusually wide connections, and 
his special aptitudes led him to be in touch with the 
opinions of his rivals as well as followers in the States 
whose strength in the electoral college gave them impor- 
tance. To understand the quality of the statesman as 
well as of the political manager these papers are essen- 
tial. I can only repeat that "altogether, for the period 
it covers, the Van Buren collection is of incalculable 
value to the historian, and will always remain a monu- 
ment to the man and to the public spirit of those who 
have so freely given it to the historical archives of the 
nation. ' ' 

In my report for 1903 (p. 23) I noted the acquisition of 
certain notes of debates in the Convention for framing a Convention 
Constitution for the United States, prepared by John Pater- 
son. These notes were only a part of what was known to 
be in existence, but the opportunity offered to secure them 
was not one to be neglected. In the past year the possessor 
of what was not then obtained, Miss Emily K. Paterson, of 
Perth Amboy, N. J., presented , to the Library, thus com- 
pleting the record. Few and disconnected as are these 
notes of debates, they serve to explain, and to enlarge the 
Madison "Notes." The entire series has been printed in 
the "American Historical Review," Volume IX, page 310, 
and the editor wrote: "It must be said that many of these 

22 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

notes will probably prove valuable to the student of the 
Convention's work. They help to bring out with distinct- 
ness the character of the controversy between the advocates 
of the Virginia and the New Jersey plans, and they cer- 
tainly throw light on the character of Paterson's argu- 
ments. ' ' 

Kent gift From Messrs. William and Edwin C. Kent, of New 

York, the library received an interesting series of 16 di- 
plomas, commissions, etc., issued to Chancellor William 
Kent, 1781-1823. They include the diplomas of Yale 
College for the B. A. (1781) and M. A. (1784); the cer- 
tificate as an attorney at law (1785); a commission as 
paymaster of a regiment of militia (1786); certificate as 
counsellor at law (1787); certificates of election to the 
New York assembly (1790 and 1792), signed by the super- 
visors of the county of Dutchess; license to practice before 
the mayor's court, city of New York (1793), and before the 
chancery court, New York State (1794); certificate of elec- 
tion to the assembly from the city of New York (1796), 
signed by the mayor and aldermen; commission as master 
of the court of chancery (1796), and recorder of New York 
city (1797); commission as justice of the supreme court of 
judicature, New York (1798), of chief justice of the same 
court (1804); and commission as chancellor of the State of 
New York, 1814. Also the resolution of Columbia Col- 
lege, of November 3, 1823, calling him to the newly estab- 
lished professorship of law. So full a series illustrating so 
honorable a career fittingly supplements the collection of 
Chancellor Kent papers received from Mr. William Kent 
in 1904. These diplomas, etc., have been placed on exhi- 
bition with letters of leading jurists, like Marshall, Bush- 
rod Washington, R. B. Taney, William Cranch, William 
Wirt, Henry Wheaton, Luther Martin, and Horace Binney. 

Scratchkygifl: From Mr. H. P. Scratchley, of Bloomfield, N. J., the 

Rrown paf-i\ 

Library received as a gift about 500 letters and documents , N 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 23 

which formed a part of the papers of Senator James Brown, 
of Louisiana. These papers, extending from 1777 to 1810, 
were rescued from a barrel in which they had lain undis- 
turbed for many years, and were of a very miscellaneous 
description. The larger part were legal documents throw- 
ing some light upon the procedure of the courts in the early 
days of the American occupation, and more light upon the 
social condition of the new territory. The French and 
Spanish customs, the relation of master to slave, and the 
transfer of property and privileges are illustrated, and offer 
the means of studying certain interesting phases of Louisi- 
ana life while passing from a foreign dependency to a State 
in the Union. Senator Brown's high judicial position gave 
him a large and varied practice, and his subsequent services 
in the wider field of , national employ, as Senator and as 
minister to France, brought him into close connections with 
the leading men of his day. Fragmentary as is this collec- 
tion it will serve its purposes in historical investigation. 

Capt. John R. M. Taylor, of Washington, D. C., gave MANUSCRIPTS: 

. Miscellaneous 

1 8 letters of his ancestor, Zachary Taylor, written to Col.^b 
J. P. Taylor during his service in the war with Mexico. 
As these letters are often eight and ten pages in length and 
were written in full family confidence, their contents are 
of high and permanent interest. Captain Taylor also gave 
other letters from Winfield Scott, Thurlow Weed, Thos. F. 
Meagher, W. S. Rosecrans, and B. F. Butler. 

Mr. Wendell P. Garrison, of New York, has added to his 
gifts of authors' letters. Mrs. A. J. Robertson prepared 
and presented to the Library an illuminated coat of arms of 
the Jones family of North Carolina, from whom John Paul 
Jones took his name. Mr. Joseph George Rosengarten 
gave a ' ' Calendar of Papers relating to the German Troops 
in the American Revolution," interesting in itself and serv- 
ing to complete such calendars now in the Library. 
UB 1906 3 

24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

savannah c u s - j n j-] ie papers received from the custom-house at Savannah, 

/ 11 in - h a u s e 

records Ga. , were found five letter books containing the corre- 

spondence that passed between the collector of that port 
and the treasury of the Confederate Statea of America, 
1861-1864. As the collector also held the office of sub- 
treasurer or fiscal agent, and was situated at one of the few 
large seaports of the Confederacy, this correspondence is of a 
very interesting description, dealing with the sale of bonds, 
issue of notes, and purchase of foreign exchange, as well as 
with the collection of customs duties, and such commercial 
questions as the shipment of cotton and the state of the 
blockade. The collection numbers about 500 pieces, but 
the size is not so important as the subject-matter of which 
it treats. It is doubtful if any similar records of the admin- 
istration of the financial features of the Confederacy exist, 
for the treasury papers were destroyed. 
MANUSCRIPTS: ^ Q i at -pr e purchase of manuscripts was made in the last 


twelve months, but some collections of value were acquired 
and the following notes apply to them: 

j n the papers of the Galloway family, numbering some 
3,000 pieces, was found a continuous series extending 
over four generations. For the colonial and revolution- 
ary periods the papers were of an economic character, the 
correspondence of a planter, an exporter of tobacco and 
importer of merchandise, serving as a distributing agent 
for the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The letter, ledgers, 
and account books begin with 1718, and the correspond- 
ence with the English merchants and notably with the 
well known Sylvanus Grove is voluminous and interest- 
ing. The letters from the leading families of Maryland 
are of genealogical value, including many from the Ring- 
golds, Tilghmans, Dulanys, and Galloway connections. 
In the third generation are included the papers of Virgil 
Maxcy, once American charge d'affaires in Belgium, and 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 25 

one of those killed on the Princeton by the explosion of 
a gun during a visit made to the vessel by President 
Tyler. It contains letters from a large number of public 
men of his day, and is particularly noteworthy by reason 
of a series of letters of John C. Calhoun, 80 in number, 
written in terms of full intimacy and political confidence. 
Maxcy prepared a biography of Calhoun, for which Cal- 
houn furnished the material. These letters alone consti- 
tute an important acquisition. In the fourth generation 
are the papers of Francis Markoe, who was connected with 
the Columbian Institute and served as chief clerk of the 
Department of State at a time when that officer was in 
reality an Assistant Secretary of State. 

The papers of Senator Lyman Trumbull, of Illinois, were ? mbul1 pa ~ 
obtained from his widow. They number about 3, 700 papers, 
comprising his private correspondence from 1856 to 1872. 
The more important portions relate to his service in the 
United States Senate, and to his active interest and partici- 
pation in the political campaign of 1872. The letters give 
an interesting light on the Lincoln campaign of 1860, the 
civil war, and the subsequent legislation for the Southern 
states. Some of the writers represented by this series of 
letters are: Charles Sumner, Stephen A. Douglas, William 
Herndon, John G. Nicolay, S. P. Chase, Lydia M. Child, 
Zachariah Chandler, Preston King, Simon Cameron, Joseph 
Medill, J. W. Grimes, Horace Greeley, John M. Palmer, and 
John Pope. 

The appearance in the market of one of the interleaved Washington 

di civics 

and annotated almanacs of George Washington gave an 
opportunity to the Library to make an addition to the long 
series of such almanacs obtained by the purchase of the 
Washington collection in 1849. The unique interest of the 
diary or manuscript notes would alone warrant its purchase, 
while the fact that it was one of two of the almanacs of 

26 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the early series not in the Library gave it a special value 
to its collections. The entire series of these records now 
contains interleaved almanacs or note books for the years 
1760 to 1775, with the single exception of that for 1762, 
which, so far as appears, is not known to exist. 
corre- jjy purchase were obtained 1 2 volumes of the correspond- 


ence of Thomas Corwin when Secretary of the Treasury, 
1850-1853. The letters number about 3,000 and consist 
entirely of his private correspondence. They do not in 
any way duplicate official letters which are on file in the 
Treasury Department, and as political history are of a very 
good description. Fiscal and commercial policy, the con- 
dition of party politics in different States, and appointments 
to office are the leading subjects of these letters, and the 
writers were prominent in many lines in their time. Some 
of the names are Henry C. Carey, James Hamilton, of 
South Carolina, Francis Granger, S. Draper, Washington 
Hunt, Moses H. Grinnell, and many others. 
MSS. trans- Qn May 23, 1906, the following Executive Order was 

ferred from the 

Department o/issued providing for further transfers of historical material 
from the Department of State to the Library of Congress: 
"The following Historical Archives in the Depart- 
ment of State: 

1. Spanish manuscripts of 1631, supposed to have 
been captured in the City of Mexico. 

2. The Orderly Books of Capt. Robert Walker and 
Sergeant Dolson, together with the Diary of Ebenezer 
Fitch and Paul Blancher. 

3. The Forton Prisoners manuscripts, 1777-1779. 

4. A Journal of the Travels of Alexander Church, 
Richard Ramsey, and Zephaniah Halsey. 

5. The printed Books which are annotated by Sir 
Henry Clinton. 

6. Journal of the ship Hope, 1790-1792. 4 vols. 

7. The Whisky Insurrection in Pennsylvania, 1792- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 27 

8. House Tax Insurrection, 1799. 

9. Correspondence of Albert Gallatin as Secretary of 
the Treasury. 

10. Papers relating to the Burr Conspiracy. 

11. Log Book of the ship Lexington, 1807. 

12. The John Henry Papers. 

13. Jefferson Davis Papers, 

Are, by authority provided by the Act of Congress 
entitled "An Act Making appropriations for the legis- 
lative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Govern- 
ment for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and four, ^and for other purposes, ' ' approved 
February 25, 1903, hereby ordered to be transferred 
from the Department of State to the possession and 
custody of the Library of Congress, to be there pre- 
served and rendered accessible for historical and other 
legitimate uses under such rules and regulations as may 
from time to time be prescribed by the Librarian of 

The transfer here directed shall be made as promptly 
as shall be found conveniently practicable to the De- 
partment of State and the Library of Congress." 


May 23, 1906 

The transfer has been made. 

The Library has obtained the Benjamin Franklin Stevens ALOGUE INDEX 
Catalogue Index of Manuscripts in the Archives of Eng- 01 
land, France, Holland, and Spain relating to America, 
1763-1783. This great work, in 180 volumes, was practi- 
cally the life work of the compiler. For many years Mr. 
Stevens gave ready assistance to American students of 
foreign archives, and by means of this Catalogue Index 
opened to them the rich stores in public and private collec- 
tions. His intimate knowledge of these archives and his 
close relations with the custodians gave him unusual oppor- 
tunities for compiling such a list and of putting it in the 

28 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

STEVENS CAT- form best suited to the needs of scholars and investigators. 


OF MSS. Compiled with a thoroughness that leaves little to be desired 

and with a full conception of the importance and relations 
of the documents included, the work stands as complete as 
possible, and never to be again undertaken in the same or 
in a modified form. For more than twenty years the value 
of the Index has been tested, and no doubt has arisen as to 
its public utility or the expediency of transferring it to the 
United States, where it could be accessible to those who 
would know what the leading archives in Europe can supply 
on American history for the period covered. 

No similar index of this material exists in any shape or 
form, and Mr. Stevens was entirely within truth when he 
described it as " the sole key to the American revolution- 
ary documents in European archives. ' ' The utility of the 
compilation is increased by the manner of its manufacture; 
and the list is as available for consultation by the person 
wishing to know of a certain subject or period as by one 
wishing to know of a certain person or his connection with 
the public men of his day. 

In an address before the American Historical Association 
at Chicago, 111., December, 1904, Prof. Charles M. Andrews, 
of Bryn Mawr College, describing the material in British 
collections of interest to the student of American history, 
concluded with the following reference to the Stevens Index 
and Transcripts : 

"In conclusion, I should like to say a word about a 
work essentially unlike that which I have been discuss- 
ing in this paper a work begun more than twenty 
years ago but only completed in 1903. I refer to the 
Index of Manuscripts in the Archives of England, 
France, Holland, and Spain Relating to America, 
compiled by the late Benjamin Franklin Stevens. I 
am glad to describe this great undertaking, not only 
because I wish to show that the historical bureau of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 29 

the Carnegie Institution in its series of guides is in no 
way duplicating work already done, but also because 
the Index is little known in this country and its great 
merits are little appreciated. It is a monument of 
industry and accuracy and a source of information indis- 
pensable to the student of the later period of colonial 

' ' The Index is in 180 manuscript volumes and contains 
the titles of 161,000 documents. Each title is entered 
three times: Once in the ' Catalogue,' which covers 50 
volumes bound in full blue crushed L/evant morocco and 
contains the titles in the order of their arrangement in 
the original archives; a second time in the ' Chronological 
Index ' of loo volumes bound in full red crushed L,evant 
morocco, which contains the titles rearranged in chro- 
nological order with a brief abstract of the content of 
each document; and a third time in the 'Alphabetical 
Index' of 30 volumes bound in full brown crushed 
L,evant morocco, in which the titles are entered alpha- 
betically according to the names of writers and receiv- 
ers, or according to the subject-matter if no writer or 
receiver is named in the document. The volumes are 
bound in full morocco; each volume is prefaced by a 
lithographed title-page and a lithographed list of the 
archives and volumes, the documents of which are cat- 
alogued, and the main part of the work is beautifully 
written on hand laid paper specially made for the pur- 
pose. Externally the Index is a superb example of the 
skill of the copyist and the art of the binder. 

' ' The work is an index or list. In the ' Catalogue ' 
each document is entered by a short title with date, 
place of address, name of writer and addressee or other 
brief heading, description of document, whether an 
original or a copy, approximate length, and the ref- 
erence to its location by number of volume and folio. 
In the ' Chronological Index ' each title is followed by 
a precis of its contents, together with the indorsements 
and a list of all inclosures or covering letters. Here 
also are noted the various duplicates, copies, or extracts 
of the same letter or paper, and to a limited extent, 

30 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

STEVENS CAT- with plenty of blank space for an indefinite expansion 

OFMSS ni this direction, references to printed works where the 

document may be found, or to the Stevens's Facsimiles 

in case the document has been there reproduced. The 

' Alphabetical Index ' repeats in alphabetical order the 

information contained in the Catalogue. ' ' 

Professor Andrews then points out the respects in which 

the Guide to Material in British Collections, compiled by 

him and about to be issued by the Carnegie Institution, will 

in no sense duplicate the information furnished by the 

Index, but will render a service of a very different nature, 

covering also material untouched by the Catalogue Index, 

or Transcripts mentioned below. He proceeds: 

* # * the i n( ^ ex covers but twenty years of 
time, 1 763 to 1783, and while it includes a number of 
important private collections in England, as well as the 
archives of Spain, France, and Holland, it has omitted 
a large number of collections that are important for our 
purpose. It has not listed the documents in the Bod- 
leian library, scarcely any of which fall within its 
period, nor all the documents in the British Museum; 
it lists none of the documents in the Privy Council 
Office, none of the Treasury papers, the Papers of the 
High Court of Admiralty, the Board of Trade, Com- 
mercial, Declared Accounts, or other departmental col- 
lections. While these limitations both in time and 
extent are much to be regretted, nevertheless it must 
be remembered that to list all the documents in the 
British archives that relate to American history is a task 
beyond the powers of any one man within a lifetime, 
aided though he may be by an efficient corps of search- 
ers and copyists. In Mr. Stevens's case the difficulty 
was increased by the care and thoroughness with which 
he performed his work. The finished form of the Index 
and the detailed account of each document must have 
consumed a great deal of time and energy. 

"All things considered the Stevens's Index is the 
most valuable work of reference to the documents of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 31 

the period 1763 to 1783 that has ever been compiled. 
Its accuracy, at least so far as the British archives are 
concerned, I believe to be unimpeachable. Every effort 
has been made to render it reliable; titles and refer- 
ences were verified and reverified, until, as was confi- 
dently hoped, every error had been eliminated. Such 
a work ought not to remain on the other side of the 
water. Its place is here, preferably in the Library of 
Congress; and though the price asked by the Stevens' s 
estate is a large one, it is not as much by many thou- 
sands of dollars as Mr. Stevens expended in the per- 
formance of his self-imposed task. The more familiar 
one becomes with the materials in the British archives 
the more one appreciates the great service which Mr. 
Stevens has rendered to American history. Until the 
Index is purchased and safely installed in some central 
depository in the United States where it can be seen, 
admired, and used, and until the Peace Transcripts, 
which Mr. Stevens made twenty years ago and which 
nave lain unused during all this period in the archives 
of the State Department, have also been acquired, the 
United States Government and the American people 
can justly be charged with neglect of two efficient aids 
to the proper rendering of a period of our history which 
is second to none in importance or dramatic interest." 

With this Catalogue Index was also obtained the Trans- STEVBNS TRAN- 
scnpts made from English and French archives of the 
papers relating to the peace of 1783 between the United 
States and Great Britain. The first idea of such a compila- 
tion came with the centennial year of that event. The 
then Secretary of State, William M. Evarts, wrote to the 
American minister in London, Mr. James Russell Lowell: 

"I have, therefore, to request you to bring the sub- 
ject to the attention of Her Majesty's Government, and 
to ask for permission to cause copies to be made of such 
unpublished papers and documents as may exist in the 
British archives relating to the peace negotiations in 
question as Her Majesty's Government may deem it 

32 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

proper to submit to the inspection of your legation for 
that purpose. ' ' 

Mr. Lowell addressed a note to Earl Granville, the Secre- 
tary of state for foreign affairs, and learned that every 
facility would be afforded to any person deputed by the 
Government of the United States ' ' for the purpose of ex- 
amining and making copies of any papers he may select 
from the foreign correspondence of that period, subject to 
the usual restrictions." The task of selecting the docu- 
ments to be copied proved to be so great that the agent 
selected, Mr. Theodore F. D wight, abandoned it, and it 
was then that Mr. Stevens took up the matter and carried 
it to completion. Public and private collections were 
drawn upon, and these 37 volumes of transcripts containing 
over 10,000 pieces were the result. Not a phase of the 
important negotiations has been overlooked, and great as 
has been the study expended on this single event of Ameri- 
can history, the unpublished material now obtained is ex- 
tensive and important. 
Transcripts of The transcription of English records, described in my 

English records 

report for 1905 (pp. 56-58), is progressing as rapidly as 
circumstances will admit. A list of the volumes transcribed 
is given in Appendix IV, pages 137-139. 
Spanish Ar- j n m y re port for 1903 (p. 27) I wrote: 

chives of Cali- 
fornia < < A proposal to bring to Washington for a like purpose 
[safety] the archives at San Francisco met with a pro- 
test from resident societies and individuals in California, 
who, conceding the title to the documents and the 
authority over them to rest with the Federal Govern- 
ment, regard their present location as sufficiently safe 
and their utility to investigators on the Pacific slope of 
greater concern than their possible utility to investi- 
gators at large." 

This proposal was based upon the report of an agent of 
this Library who saw the archives in San Francisco, and 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 33 

who pointed out that they were not in a fireproof building, 
were not surrounded by the safeguards which the value of 
the papers demanded, and were not being indexed or cal- 
endared in a manner which would make them available for 
use by investigators. Even if temporarily transferred to 
the Library of Congress, to be held in trust until a safe 
depository in California could be built for them, the risk of 
loss would be lessened, and the papers would receive that 
attention which their importance demanded, and which 
could not be given to them in their place of deposit. These 
archives were contained in 302 volumes, constituting the 
largest collection of Spanish decrees, memorials, orders, and 
proceedings extant in the United States, and invaluable for 
illustrating the history and methods of Spanish rule in their 
Colonial dependencies. Of this entire collection not a sin- 
gle volume escaped destruction in the earthquake and sub- 
sequent fire. The loss is irreparable. 

The chief duties of this division are to receive material Work f Divi - 

sion ofMSS. 

and make it available for students and inquirers. This 
involves arrangement and listing, both of which demand 
time and a certain study of the papers themselves. The 
time between the receipt of the manuscripts and their being 
thrown open to the public may thus vary widely according 
to the nature of the collection. In the last year the Van 
Buren, Crittenden, Galloway, Me Arthur, and Allen collec- 
tions have been arranged, and calendars of the Van Buren 
and Crittenden papers are well advanced. The listing of 
the Andrew Jackson papers has been completed, and the 
calendaring has reached 1815, thus covering about two- 
fifths of the collection. The cards, prepared by Mr. Mont- 
gomery Blair, will form a convenient key to the collection, 
and the calendaring will be continued at a more rapid rate 
than in the past. It may be stated that there is no large 
collection of manuscripts in the Library (except the Breck- 

34 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

inridge collection) which has not been arranged in such 
form that the student ma)- use them. There are no indi- 
vidual papers (outside of collections) that have not their 
corresponding cards in the main card catalogue of this 
Division. The Breckinridge papers will be arranged in the 
coming year. 

Repair of MSS. ^he num b e r of manuscripts treated by the repairers in 
the last fiscal year was 8,830. Many of them required great 
attention to save w r hat remained from the destructive use or 
neglect shown in the past. The Papers of the Continental 
Congress have all been repaired and mounted, and only two 
or three volumes remain to be bound. The completion of this 
great work, placing those priceless historical papers beyond 
the reach of injury, is a cause for congratulation. In their 
present shape they are practically good for all time. As 
the Washington papers have suffered much from the man- 
ner in which they were bound by Mr. Sparks, and from the 
frequent handling they have had since, I have decided to 
place them in the same condition as the Continental Con- 
gress papers. No labor or expense would be too great to 
assure the permanent preservation of what must always 
be the great feature in the manuscript collections of the 
Library of Congress. Already six volumes have been 
repaired, and the -work will be pushed as rapidly as cir- 
cumstances will allow. The Jackson papers have been 
mounted up to the end of 1814, and some work has been 
done for other divisions of the Library, work requiring a 
greater skill and delicacy than could be had of their own 

DIVISION OF Th e publications prepared in the Division during the 

MSS.: Publica- 

tions year were: The Journals of the Continental Congress, vol- 

umes 4-6, a Calendar of the Correspondence of George 
Washington and the Continental Congress, and a L,ist of 
Benjamin Franklin Papers. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 35 

The issue of the Journals has reached the end of 1776, Journals of 

Continental Con- 

and comprises thus far six volumes. For the first time* 
this skeleton of legislative action is printed in its entirety, 
with such reports as were laid before that body by its own 
committees. It is now possible for the historian better to 
understand what was proposed and what was done, in im- 
mediate connection with the documents that expressed the 
united wisdom of the committees by whom they were pre- 
pared. That the reports were often not accepted by the 
Congress makes them all the more important as historical 
papers. They embodied policies and suggestions, proposed 
orders and intended punishments. They were set aside 
and another course taken, frequently a compromise, a half 
measure, which temporized with the difficulty to be met. 
Prepared by the leading member of the committee, they are 
essential to a proper comprehension of the proceedings of 
the Congress, and their publication even at this late day 
opens to the student a field for research which will be very 
profitable. The volumes covering the session of 1777 are 
now in the hands of the printer, and the "copy" for 1778 
is being prepared. 

The Calendar of the Correspondence of George Washing- Calendar of 


ton and the Continental Congress, 1775-1783, fittingly begins correspondence 
the calendaring of the Washington Papers. The earlier 
letters and papers, covering the colonial period, are not of 
so great importance historically, however valuable as ex- 
plaining the personal life and character of the man. Fur- 
ther, they were not in such form as readily to lend them- 
selves to listing and description. The correspondence of 
the General with the Congress is complete in itself, and 
possesses the double advantage of having the original drafts 
of his letters, which served to check and complete the let- 
ters themselves in the Papers of the Continental Congress. 
The extent of the correspondence and the large number of 

36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

iuclosures it contained make this a most notable series and 
an unrivaled source of the history of the time. This Cal- 
endar, comprising nearly 700 pages, is in type, and the index 
is now being prepared, both being the work of Mr. John C. 
Fitzpatrick, of this Division. The papers were acquired in 
1849, and this Calendar is the first published listed cata- 
logue or attempted list of even a part of the acquisition. 
The second part of the Calendar is well advanced and will 
include the correspondence of General Washington with 
his associates in the Army. The two calendars will thus 
cover the Revolution so far as it is covered in the Washing- 
ton papers and will make known and available the one 
great source of its military history. 
List of Frank- The L,ist of the Beniamin Franklin papers, prepared by 

lin papers 

Mr. John C. Fitzpatrick, was also published in the past 
year. The Henry Stevens Collection of Franklin papers, 
obtained in 1882, was the basis of this list, to which was 
added such other Franklin manuscript material as was in 
the Library of Congress. At the time of purchase a mere 
list of the papers was printed as a Congressional document, 
without any attempt to note the contents of the papers. 
This list, faulty in many particulars, could be of no service 
to anyone wishing to consult the papers. The manuscripts 
are now available, and in every leading library of the United 
States this new List can be found and the utility of the col- 
lection to special students tested. It will not be without 
interest to note that the American Philosophical Society of 
Philadelphia, which holds the main part of the Papers of 
Benjamin Franklin, is preparing a calendar of that collec- 
tion. The two lists will go far to reduce the regret that 
the two collections could not again be united under one 
roof, after more than a century of separation. 

Naval records >phe Division has prepared a list or calendar of such naval 
records of the Revolution as are to be found in its various 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 37 

collections. There appears to be a widespread misconcep- 
tion as to the extent of these records. The great origin 
should be the Papers of the Continental Congress, whose 
various committees were in charge of the Continental Navy. 
But after the first two years the ships of the Navy were 
equipped rather to transrJbrt military stores from Europe 
than to contend with the vastly larger naval force of Great 
Britain. Depredations on the enemy's commerce was left 
to privateers, sailing under Continental license, and the de- 
fense of seaports fell to the respective States. A letter 
book of the Marine Committee and its successors, 1776- 
1780, a few reports on naval matters laid before Congress, 
and a small number of petitions and memorials from those 
who served in the Navy constitute a meager record. Much 
better are the 1,700 or more bonds issued to letters of 
marque, giving the names of the commander (and some- 
times of the other officers), of the bonders, and of the own- 
ers. These have been listed, and the miscellaneous naval 
papers have been calendared by Mr. Charles Henry Lincoln, 
of this Division, and the Calendar is now in type and will be 
published in the coming winter. 

I described in my last report (p. 55) the intended Records of the 

Virginia Com- 

publication of the Records of the Virginia Company 
London. The task of the editor, Miss Kingsbury, was 
finished and the manuscript transcript turned over to the 
printer. A number of new characters were obtained that 
the printing " might conform to what the highest and 
most experienced skill demanded, and the proof as it 
passed through the press was read in the Division with 
the original, line by line, to assure accuracy of text. The 
volumes have now been printed and are nearly ready for 
distribution. As an historical record the work is of the 
highest importance, and, like so many of its kind, now 
appears for the first time in its entirety and under com- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 

A ccessions 

petent editing. As an example of bookmaking it is 
quite as notable, and emphasizes the possibilities in this 
direction. The ready acceptance of suggestion by the 
Public Printer and the manner he has met the difficulties 
of type encountered deserve warm acknowledgment. 
The antique text was deciphered by the editor, Miss 
Kingsbury, and independently by Miss M. V. Stinson, the 
double reading serving as a necessary precaution against 
error. As to the timeliness of this issue I say nothing. 
It \vill always stand as one of the earliest records of 
Colonial affairs in English America, and a fragment as it 
is, becomes thereby all the more valuable to historians of 
colonial settlement under a trading company. 


During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906, the acces- 
sions to the Library through the Division of Documents 
were as follows: 

How acquired 




Received by virtue of law 
Gifts of Government of the United States in all 
its branches 


3i 737 


2, Oig 


2 648 

I 236 

3 884 

Gifts of local governments 



i, 320 

Gifts of foreign governments (International Ex- 

2 614 








Total to be recorded 

10 915 


15 825 

By purchase, exchange, deposit, and transfer 
(counted in Order Division ) 

3, 339 



By binding periodicals 



Total handled 

15 466 

6 883 

22, 349 

During the past year the transfers of miscellaneous 
duplicates from the Department libraries have, with few 
exceptions, been received and counted in the Order Divi- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 39 

sion. They were formerly included in the statistics of the 
Division of Documents under the heading ' ' Gifts of the 
Government of the United States," and constituted by far 
the greater part of this item. Making allowance, there- 
fore, for the fact that the above figures practically repre- 
sent official publications only, they indicate that a greater 
number of documents has been added to the collection 
during the twelve months just ended than in any previ- 
ous year since the organization of the division. 

Among the transfers above noted the collections of the Firsi f urteen 


documents of the first fourteen Congresses from the De- 
partment of State and the Post-Office Department are of 
special interest. These have added a considerable number 
of publications not heretofore contained in the Library of 
Congress set, which is now probably as nearly complete 
as it can be made. 

The officials of the Government Printing Office have Current united 

States documents 

courteously responded to our request for a more compre- 
hensive interpretation of the law providing United States 
documents for the use of the Library, and for greater 
promptness in their delivery, and this has made it possible 
to take up the printing of catalogue cards for important 
documents and to supply the serial numbers of the cards 
for insertion in the monthly catalogue issued by the Super- 
intendent of Documents. 

By a ruling of the Joint Committee on Printing we are Committee 
now receiving copies of committee hearings direct from the 
Government Printing Office, thus getting rid of the difficulty 
experienced in previous years with regard to this class of 
Congressional publications. 

Special attention has been given to the completion of the state docu- 
sets of legislative journals, collected documents, and sepa- 
rate reports of the more important departments of the 
various State governments. The library has now received 
UB 1906 4 

40 Report of tJic Librarian of Congress 

all back volumes that are available for distribution by the 
issuing authorities, and any still wanting must be obtained 
and are being sought by exchange of duplicates with other 
libraries or from second-hand dealers. 
nctpaidoc- ac q u i s itioii of American municipal documents and 


ordinances has been limited to publications of the larger 
cities and of typical smaller cities only. The separate 
reports of city officers have been solicited wherever collected 
documents are not issued, and also in special cases where it 
has appeared desirable to provide sets for classification by 
subject, e. g. , parks, public health, schools, water-supply, 
and other public works. 
international The province of Alberta, recently organized as a separate 

e.v change 

government from the Northwest Territory, Canada, and 
Ecuador have been added to the list of countries receiving 
partial sets of United States documents in exchange for 
similar material. 

Through the cooperation of the Director of the United 
States Geological Survey sets of the maps issued by the 
Survey are now at the disposal of the Library for use in 
exchange with foreign governments and will doubtless 
aid materially in procuring needed additions to our map 

Foreign laws Among the notable accessions received in the Division of 
Documents during the past year from foreign governments 
are two important collections of laws and decrees, from Italy 
198 volumes, and from Brazil 135 volumes, which were ob- 
tained as official donations through the intervention of the 
diplomatic representatives of the United States in these 

French archives Efforts are being made to collect a complete set of the 
"Inventaire sommaire des archives " published by the va- 
rious Departments of France, and letters recently addressed 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 41 

to the authorities have already brought favorable replies 
from thirty-one Departments. 

The arrears of uncatalogued foreign documents are being *<""* < 1 


steadily reduced, duplicates being compared and discarded, 
sets made up for binding, want lists prepared, and applica- 
tions for missing volumes and numbers sent out. This 
work will probably be completed during the current year. 

About 600 volumes of Italian parliamentary papers needed 
to carry the set in the Library back to the beginning in 
1848 have recently been acquired by purchase. 

During the year 2,344 volumes and 599 pamphlets (total Duplicates 
2,943), duplicates of United States documents, have been 
sent to the office of the Superintendent of Documents. All 
other duplicates were transferred to the custody of the 
Order Division January i, 1906, for elimination by inter- 
library exchange or otherwise. 


A ccessions 

How acquired 







2 679 

i 329 

By gift 
By purchase 

2, 156 









Total accessions 



Many of the gaps in the second set of the various Amer- 
ican State reports at the I, aw Library have been filled. 
Something has also been done toward filling out our collec- 
tion of English and British colonial reports, Canadian laws, 
English and American periodicals, and the laws of Brazil, 
Portugal, the Netherlands, and Spain. 

The more noteworthy accessions by gift have been: Gifts 
Brazil, Colleccao das leis, 1826-1867, 1879-1901, 61 vol- 

42 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

nines; Collecfao das decisoes, 1826-1867, 1879-1899, 62 
volumes; Bulgaria, Laws and court reports, 1880-1900, 91 
volumes; Italy, Raccolta nmciale delle leggi e dei decreti, 
1861-1904, 201 volumes; Norway, Lovtidende, 1885-1904, 
20 volumes; Portugal, Colleccao da Iegisla5ao, 1868-1903, 
35 volumes. 

more noteworthy accessions bv purchase have been: 


Austria, Plenarbeschlusse und Entscheidungen des K. K. 
Cassationshofes, 18811899, 18 volumes; Kntscheidungen 
desK. K. Obersten Gerichtshofes in Civilsachen, 1887-1902, 
ii volumes; Denmark, H0jesteretstidende, 1888-1903, 
15 volumes; Deutsche Juristentag, Verhandlungen, 1860- 
1905, 66 volumes; Internationale Kriminalistische Vereini- 
gung, Mitteilungen, 1889-1905, 13 volumes; Justice of the 
Peace, London, 1837-1905, 74 volumes; Lower Canada, Pro- 
vincial Statutes, 1792-1836, 14 volumes; Ordinances, 1838- 
1841, 6 volumes; Massachusetts Reports, 108 volumes; 
Netherlands, Rechtspraak, 1839-1904, 201 volumes; New 
York Supreme Court reports (Barbour, Hun, Silvernail), 
152 volumes; Prussia, Gesetze und Verordnungen, 1425- 
1812, 13 volumes; Entscheidungen des koniglichen Ober- 
tribunals, 1837-1879, 84 volumes; Jahrbuch fiir Entscheid- 
ungen des Kammergerichts in Sachen der Freiwilligen 
Gerichtsbarkeit, 1881-1905, 31 volumes; Revue del' admin- 
istration et du droit administratif de la Belgique, 1851-1904, 
51 volumes; Russia, Collection of decisions of the Cassa- 
tion Department of the Senate, 1866-1902, 66 volumes; 
South Carolina Laws, 1738-1788, 4 volumes; Spain, Juris- 
prudencia civil, 1838-1904, 101 volumes; Jurisprudencia 
criminal, 1870-1904, 73 volumes; Jurisprudencia adminis- 
trativa, 1846-1902, 54 volumes; Tijdschrift ter beoefening 
van het administratief recht, 1884-1902, 19 volumes; 
Tijdschrift voor strafrecht, 1886-1904, 1 6 volumes. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 



The following tables, A and B, sliow, respectively, the Accessions 
number of accessions for the year ending June 30. 1906, 
and the total number of pieces in the Division of Maps: 

A Accessions July /, 1905 -June 30, 1906 


By copy- 

By pur- 

By gift 


I 765 

2 887 

Pocket maps 








2 5 





2, 119 



TABLE B Total number of pieces in Map Division, June 30, 1906 


June 30, 



78 538 

6 944 

85, 482 

Pocket maps 

3. 22 4 










82, 744 


90, 238 

The preceding tables do not include the total number of 
sheets in either the recently acquired Ordnance Survey or 
the additions to the Sanborn insurance maps. The survey 
comprises topographical and geological maps of England, 
Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, in 12,386 sheets. During 
the year 705 Sanborn insurance maps in 7,117 sheets have 
been added, making a total of 13,387 maps in 108,884 sheets. 

The increase in the number of purchased maps and 
atlases noticeable in the above tables is due to the unusual 
advantages afforded by a personal visit to the foreign 
markets by the chief of this Division. 

During the last few months the demands for Louisiana MANUSCRIPT 
material have surpassed all others save those of the various Louisiana 

44 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

MANUSCRIPT departments of the Government. In this connection we 


were fortunate in having secured the following: 

(i) A " Plan de la cote de la Louizianne," by the pilot 
Jean Oliuier, found in his manuscript ' ' Livre de plusieurs 
plans des ports & rades de la mer Mediterranee. ' ' 

(2-3) " Carte particuliere d'une partie de la Louisianne 
. . 1743." "Carte particuliere du cours du fleuve st [!] 
Louis depuis le village sauvage jusqu' au dessous du detour 
aux anglois . . . 1749." These two extensive plans were 
drawn in New Orleans and signed "Demarigny." They 
give the country in detail, locate settlements, and contain 
many names of landholders. 
Lake Cham- One of the most interesting of the manuscripts is the de- 


tailed " Carte dv L,ac Champlain," on which the boundaries 
existing in 1740 are given in connection with the names of 
the owners of the shore property. In addition there are 
views of Fort Chambly and Fort St. Frederic. 

Maine In a map of the ' ' Damarascoty river ' ' and ' ' Muscongus 

bay," Maine [1794?] a fine specimen is obtained of the 
work of Osgood Carleton, for many years the leading teacher 
in Boston of mathematics, navigation, and map construc- 
tion, and the maker of well known maps of Boston, New 
Hampshire, Massachusetts, and the United States. 

New Hamp- "The prospect draft of Fort William and Mary on Pisca- 


tagua river in ye province of New Hampshire" [1705?] 
gives in detail the "newly made" buildings and shows the 
' ' Town of New Castle on the Great Island, ' ' near which is 
anchored the "Province gaily [!]," commanded by Capt. 
Cyprian Southack, famous for his maps of the New England 

While the Library already possesses several noted collec- 
tions covering the period of the American Revolution, it is 
of importance that the collection as u whole be strength- 
ened and the necessarily Existing gaps be filled as oppor- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 45 

tunities arise. It is, therefore, gratifying to mention the 
addenda comprised in the following original contemporary 
drawings: (i) A " Reconnoissance de King's Bridge," in A ' e71 ' Yink 
two well executed plans, in colors, of the territory bounding 
the North River and Harlem Creek and a part of Long 
Island, showing Fort Washington, Fort Laurel Hill, redoubt 
of King's Bridge or Fort Charles and Cox Hill, Fort Inde- 
pendence, etc. Also a large colored "Plan of New York 
and Staten Islands with part of Long Island, survey 'd in 
the years 1781 & 82," with an attached plan of Staten 
Island and the Narrows on an enlarged scale. This larger 
map, while not relating directly to the Revolution, is espe- 
cially valuable in showing all the roads in addition to the 
chief topographical features of the country embraced. (2) Monmouth 
A plan of the " Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778," im- 
portant in showing the position of the British as well as of 
the American troops the night before the battle; the various 
positions taken by Gen. Charles Lee during his retreat; the 
disposition of the army of General Washington after he left 
Lee; the spot where they met; the battle of Princeton, and 
the British position after the action. (3) A " Sketch of the camde, N.J. 
battle of Camden, Aug. 16: 1780," by Lieutenant Valiancy. 
(4) An interesting plan showing the march of the British Pennsylvania 
army from the landing at the head of the Elk to the 
taking of Philadelphia, \vith lines to indicate the supposed 
march of the rebels. (5) A " Plan des ouvrages de Ports- Portsmouth, 
mouth en Virginie," locating the entrenchments and troops. 
(6) A small drawing illustrating the siege of Savannah, 
Ga., indicates the various positions of troops of both the 
British and American armies. (7) This class is further 
strengthened by the addition of seven colored views of: 
O) Castle William, 1773; () Fort William, 1770; (c) 
Bristol Neck, R. I., 1765; (d) Boston [1775] , showing the 
Mistic River Charlestown Point, where the British landed- 

46 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the 1 7th of June the Somerset at anchor; (e) View from 
Charlestown, 1773; (fg) The Narrows near New York, 
1798 (2 views). 

An interesting collection entitled "Cotes de la Guiane" 
Guiana consists of fourteen colored maps covering the period from 
1713 to 1799. Aside from their historical .value they are 
of additional interest owing to their perfect execution, fine 
coloring, and completeness. 

Somewhat relative are nine colored maps of various West 
India islands and neighboring ports from 1700? to 1789. 
The most interesting are: (i) "Plan de 1'isle a Vache & 
coste de St. Domingue " [1700?] , showing three active vol- 
canos; (2) "A plan of Georg-Stadt camp near the river 
Guantamano in the island of Cuba ... by John Thomas" 

Occassionally these old charts are found to be still the 
only or the most accurate ones existing and prove of value, 
in comparisons, in drawing new charts. 

Good examples of early cartographical work on vellum 

are a plan of L,ima, Peru, in 1674, by Bernado Clemente, 

and two portolanos. Of these, one, beautifully illuminated, 

is in two sheets bound in heavy wooden covers and signed 

" louan Batta Cauullini fecit in ciuitate Liburni anno 1640." 

This is primarily of the Mediterranean and bordering coun- 

tries, but also contains a curious inset drawing of the Ameri- 

can continent. The other, a vellum bound portolano of the 

early part of the seventeenth century, composed of charts 

of Asia, Africa, the Mediterranean coasts, islands, etc., 

with ' ' Mare Oceano ' ' and a sphere containing America, is 

the original colored chart on four sheets of vellum. 

Engraved Among the engraved maps are: (i) " Plan of the colony 

tap of Connecticut in North America ... by Moses Park," 

Carieton's map published in 1766. (2) Osgood Carleton's map of Massa- 

of Massachu- 

setts chusetts published about 1798, pursuant to an order of the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 47 

legislature issued in 1794 requiring the towns of the Com- 
monwealth to prepare and place with him manuscript maps 
of their several bounds. (3) "A new map of the country of 
Carolina" mentioned in the work entitled "Carolina, a 
description of the . . . country" . . . London, 1682. 

(4) The last edition of Mouzon's map, in two large sheets, 
of North and South Carolina, published in London, 1794. 

(5) "6tats-UnisderAmeriqueSeptentrionale . . . 1785," 
containing the names proposed by Thomas Jefferson in J g ff ersoni an 

names for Nortk- 

his ordinance of 1784 for the new states upon their forma- wesi Territory 

tion from the National Territory. As the ordinance was 

defeated, owing to its slavery clause, the names were not 

adopted, but it is interesting to note that out of the ten pro- . 

posed, three Washington, Illinois, and Michigan have 

since been appropriated. The only other known copy of 

this famous map in this country is the one in the New York 

State library. (6) A map of "The seat of war in New New En siand 

England, by an American volunteer," published in London, 

1775. This shows the marches of the several corps sent by 

the colonies and the march of General Washington with 

troops, artillery, and baggage wagons. An inset of Boston 

indicates the " Incampment [!] of the regulars on the 


Among other additions may be mentioned: 

A " Globus terrestris novus . . . opera loh. Gabr. Dop- Globe 
pelmaieri . . . concinne traditus a loh. Georg Puschnero, 
1750" showing the American continent, omitting the north- 
eastern portion of America. 

The New York material is further augmented by a per- Rocque"s plans 
feet copy of Rocque's "A set of plans and forts in America, 
1763." This edition is extremely rare and is seldom found 
with the plan of New York City, reduced from the survey 
drawn originally in 1755 by Maerschalck and known from 
its publisher as the Duyckinck map. 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

MAP DIVISION: In this class is also included " Recueil des plans de 
Mans 1' Amerique Septentrionale, ' ' published in Paris by Le Rouge 

in 1755. It comprises rare maps, views, and plans of forti- 

Atlases Among the more important atlases received during the 

ptoiemy year are four editions of Ptolemy; and of Ortelius the 
ottt-iius editions of 1570, 1592, 1595, 1604, and 1684 of the atlases; 
and 1602 and 1603? of the epitomes. 

In all 378 atlases have been acquired, ranging from the 

above-mentioned editions of famous works to the useful 

county atlases county atlases so extensively consulted by the various 

Government Departments. 
Foreign GOV- The " Check list of large scale maps published by foreign 

eminent Maps . 

governments (Great Britain excepted) issued by the Library 
and distributed through the agency of the United States 
consuls, has produced excellent results. The Italian, Eng- 
lish, German, and Siamese Governments have already 
ordnance ' Sur- The most important of these maps is the gift from the 

of Great 

Britain British Government of its great Ordnance Survey map in 

12,386 sheets. This is possibly the only complete set in 
this country and is an indispensable adjunct to a carto- 
graphical collection, being not only a detailed description of 
the country covered but a fine example of map work. 




How acquired 



22 6yi 

Bv eift 


1 14 

By purchase ' 


3, 704 



By binding 


Total accessions 

24, 934 

28, 977 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 49 

The accessions during the past fiscal year have thus 
amounted to 28,977 volumes and pieces. (Music, 27,158; 
literature of music, 627; musical instruction, 1,192.) The 
figures of 1904-5 were 27,431, 24,934, 1,050, 1,447, 2,742. 

The collections were further energetically developed on Mrsi ^ 

Act i 

the lines of the general plan formulated in 1903. The 
accessions have been so numerous and important that 
only a detailed description would do them justice. Gen- 
erally speaking, the accessions to M (Music) have fur- 
ther strengthened to a very notable degree the collection 
of compositions by eminent composers of the last fifty 
years (e. g., Kiel, Rubinstein, Raff, von Herzogenberg, 
Gade, Franz, Grieg, Volkmann, Bizet, Gounod, Massenet, 
Faure, Draeseke, Bruch, Smetana, Fibich, and many 
others). Several hundred important and in part very 
scarce full scores of operas have been added, with the 
result that this special collection will now be found to 
rank very high. In Americana the Library succeeded in 
Obtaining works by Hopkinson, Billings, Gualdo, Capron, 
Brown, Reinagle, Carr, Raynor Taylor, to mention a few 
eighteenth century musicians. Also numerous pieces of 
the Civil War period were added, and of more recent 
American music the original European editions of Nevin's 
works and in transcript the scores of the late Prof. John 
Knowles Paine' s mass in D, Song of promise, and others. 
Among the accessions of , European music prior to the 
nineteenth century deserve particular mention unpub- 
lished divertimenti of Haydn symphonies, cantatas, 
sonatas, etc. by dall' Abaco, Albinoni, Benda, Campra, 
Filtz, Galuppi, Guglielmi, Hasse, Muffat, and many 

In the field of literature and theory of music again con- 
siderable attention was paid to material published before 
1800, perhaps the most important acquisition being Tovar's 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Ljbro de Musica Practica, 1510. A special effort was made 
to improve the collection of musical biography, aud the plan 
of systematically filling gaps in the literature of music was 
taken up successfully for publications issued during the last 
fifteen years. 

The Music Division now contains (estimated) 451,834 
volumes, pamphlets, and pieces. (Music, 436,510; litera- 
ture of music, 6,410; musical instruction, 8,914.) 


Serials cut- 
rently received 

How acquired 







Gifts and transfers 
Copyright Office 


i 138 

i 246 

i 421 






i, 013 

i 047 

i 981 

I 4S8 

I 6?Q 

> 3 

Total (titles not volumes) . . 





9, 216 


Among notable accessions of past issues have been part 
files of early California newspapers (enhanced now in im- 
portance through the destruction of similar files at San 
Francisco); a volume of Holt's New York journal, 1772-73, 
and of Zenger's New York weekly journal, 1733-37. 


Accessions How acquired 



By copyright 
By gift 

16, 611 

i, 280 

By purchase 
By transfer 
By exchange 



ii, 160 

Total accessions ( pieces) 

25, 273 


Grand total of pieces in Division July i 
1006 .. . 

. . 183, 746 

. . 2l6. 124 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 51 

Among the accessions by gift have been 9 engravings 1>KINTS: 
by Du'rer bought by Mrs. Gardiner Greene Hubbard as 
additions to the Hubbard collection; 67 rare engravings 
and lithographs presented by the Society of Iconophiles, 
of New York City; and 162 photographs of paintings in 
the Corcoran Gallery of Art presented by the trustees. 

The collection of prints belonging to the late George Bradlc y collec - 
Lothrop Bradley, of Washington, which has been on 
deposit in the Library for the past five years, is, in accord- 
ance with his will, to come into the permanent possession 
of the Library subject to the life interest of Mrs. Bradley. 
The collection comprises 1,466 engravings, 361 reproduc- 
tions in portfolio form, 153 photographs, and a few volumes 
of illustrated art works. The engravings, representing all 
schools, include, among others, examples of the work of 
Bolswert, Carracci, Cranach, Diirer, Edelinck, Goltzius, 
Haig, Hogarth, Hopfer, Ley den, Mantegna, Morghen, 
Nanteuil, Ostade, Pontius, Potter, Rembrandt, Rubens, 
Sadeler, Schongauer, Strange, Toschi, Turner, Visscher, 
Vorsterman, Waterloo, and Wierix. 

The great "Triumphal Arch" of Maximilian, by Diirer 
(comprising no less than 67 woodcuts), came to us with the 
Lothrop Bradley collection, which has indeed contributed 
instructive material to most of the exhibits of particular 
schools and masters displayed in our halls during the past 
five years. 

A gift of notable interest and value within a particular j 
field of art has been received from Mr. Crosby S. Noyes, of 
Washington. It comprises his entire collection of original 
- drawings, prints, and books by Japanese artists. Added to 
since its receipt a year ago it includes now 1 2 water-colors, 
145 original drawings, 331 wood engravings, 97 lithographs, 
658 illustrated books, and 61 other items. The scope and 
significance of the collection will be appreciated by the con- 

52 Report of the librarian of Congress 

Noyes gift noisseur from the mere names of the artists and titles of the 
works. The list is therefore given in full in Appendix V 
to this report. (It is based on a catalogue compiled by a 
competent Japanese at the expense of Mr. Noyes himself) 
I have prefaced it by the letter of gift in which Mr. Noyes 
sets forth the considerations which led him to the formation 
of the collection and induced the effort and expense which 
he laid out upon it during many years of acquisition in this 
country, on the Continent, and in Japan itself. 

Selected examples from the collection have been on ex- 
hibit at the Library since last January, and the interest of 
the exhibit has been greatly enhanced by two cases of other 
examples of the art of Japan, the property of Mr. Noyes, 
and lent by him for the purpose, comprising netsukes, 
kodzuka handles, sword-guards, bronzes, carvings in wood 
and ivory, and ceramics; in all over 500 objects. 

The Library and the thousands of visitors who have 
received delight and instruction from such exhibits are in- 
debted to various public spirited citizens who have con* 
tributed to them in loans of material. Superb examples of 
the early Dutch, Flemish, German, and Italian schools, 
forming a present exhibit in the southwestern pavilion, 
were afforded by the loan of over 800 prints and a niello plate 
by a collector who wishes his name withheld. Seventy- 
two portraits included in the John Paul Jones commemora- 
tive exhibit \vere lent by Mr. Grenville Kane, of New York 
City. Eighteen prints (mostly etchings by Whistler) and 
a water-color, were lent by Mrs. Thomas Whistler, of 
Washington; while the T. Harrison Garrett loan collection 
has been increased by nearly 200 additional prints received 
from Mrs. Garrett and her family. 

The generosity of such loans, as of the gifts, implies a 
realization very gratifying, that while Washington is not in 
resident population a metropolis it is actually such in the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 53 

multitudes that have recourse to it from all parts of the 
globe; and that information furnished here, influences exerted 
here, have a multiple and far extending potency. 

The acquisitions by purchase have as usual included only 


prints of subsidiary fohn. Among the most interesting 
groups of these are (i) a collection of 2,300 photographs 
taken by Brady during the civil war, (2) 925 photographs 
of objects in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and (3) 
some 7,000 photographs of paintings and sculpture in Euro- 
pean galleries and of foreign architecture. 

The annual accessions to the print collections are so con- 
siderable in volume that the following analysis is necessary 
to an understandin of their limitations: 

Original drawings . . . 



658 PRINTS: 
AJ Classified ac- 
cessions 1905-6 



Japanese illustrated books 
Japanese miscellaneous 

6 5 8 

Photosrraphs . . 

. 27, 760 

books . . 


Among the special exhibits of the year that of Rembrandt 
(commemorative of the tercentenary of his birth) has been 
the most notable; has indeed been characterized as "the 
most complete collection of this great master's works ever 
shown in America." It comprised no less than 550 prints, 
of which 301 were etchings, 154 reproductions of paintings, 
and 95 drawings. How nearly representative was the ex- 
hibit will be evident when it is recalled that the total number 
of etchings credited to Rembrandt does not exceed 375. 


The total number of volumes bound during the year was 
36,020 as against 30,817 for the year preceding. Of these 
23,356 pieces were handled at the branch bindery in the 
Library building. 

54 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


The total number of volumes catalogued amounted to 
117,398. In addition 2,039 parts of volumes were added 
on the serial record of the Catalogue Division, and 9,306 
volumes were, after careful search and comparison, rejected 
as duplicates. There is an increase in cataloguing over 
last year's record of 6,025 volumes. Owing to the gradual 
extension of the classes in which new accessions require 
full subject entries, the many changes in the personnel of 
the cataloguing force during the year, and also the great 
amount of time which had to be expended on revision of 
the subject-heading list (January i5~April 30), an increase 
during the present year is particularly gratifying. 

Cards filed Seven hundred and seven thousand three hundred and 

sixty-eight catalogue cards were filed in the various cata- 
logues of the Division exclusive of the general Union cata- 
logue, for which no record is available. The number for 
1904-5 was 627,557; for 1903-4, 577,427; for 1902-3, 
51 1 ,242. This appreciable increase is accounted for by the 
extension of the new classification, the greater number of 
new accessions which now require subject entries, and more 
especially the increase in number of volumes recatalogued, 
50,157 as against 38,300 in 1904-5, 25,940111 1903-4, 20,939 
in 1902-3. 

The recataloguing of the following classes was completed 
in the course of the year: Archives, Diplomatics (CD); 
Chronology (CK); Anthropology (GN); Telegraph and 
Telephone (HE); Education, General works (L); History 
of Education (I/A); Theory and practice of Education 
(L,B); vScience, General (Q), except Scientific expeditions; 
Astronomy (QB), except Observations; Meteorology (QC), 
except Observations; Natural History (QH); Zoology 
Bridges and roofs (TG); Hydraulic engineering 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 55 

(TC); Mineral industries (TN); Roads and pavements 
(TE); Mechanical engineering (TJ); Railroads (TF). 

Recatalogued in part and under way: General works, 
Polygraphy (A); Commerce (HF); Money, Banking, In- 
surance (HG); American universities and schools (LD); 
Musical theory (MT); Geology (QE); Medicine (R); Ag- 
riculture (S); English fiction (PZ); Sanitary engineer- 
ing (TD). 

The Chief of the Catalogue Division, as chairman of the Catalogue rules, 
Advisory Catalogue committee of the American Library 
Association, attended meetings of the latter committee on 
March 10-12 at Atlantic City and again on June 25-29 at 
Narragansett Pier. Sufficient progress was here made to 
warrant a proposition to the Catalogue Rules committee 
of the British Library Association that the rules on which 
the two committees have been cooperating since 1904 be 
sent to press during the coming winter. If the British 
committee agrees to this proposition the new code will 
appear during the next year. The material for it, as sub- 
mitted by the chairman to the American committee at its 
last meeting, consisted of about 150 rules, with numerous 
sample entries, special appendixes, and a list of definitions. 
With a few minor exceptions this code will then represent 
the system of cataloguing which governs the preparation 
of entries for the author catalogue of the Library of Con- 
gress, and which, owing mainly to the distribution of the 
Library of Congress printed cards, bids fair to bring about 
the long sought for uniformity in cataloguing methods, at 
least so far as American libraries are concerned. As the 
points on which the American and British committees have 
as yet been unable to arrive at full agreement are few 
and of relatively minor importance, it is to be hoped that 
the great majority of libraries of the British Empire will 
also find it to their interest to adopt the same system. 
I<IB 1906 5 

56 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

. cooperation In addition to the libraries of the Department of Agricul- 

in cataloguing 

among depart- ture and the Geological Survey, the Washington Public Li- 

mental libraries 

brary is now cooperating with the Library of Congress in 
the printing of catalogue cards. These four libraries now 
follow practically the same rules and are in agreement as 
regards form or style of entry, the result being that cards 
prepared in one of the libraries can be fitted into the cata- 
logues of any of the other three with the least possible 
expenditure of time and labor. 

The number of titles printed during the year at the 
Library Branch of the Government Printing Office is as 

Library of Congress series 58, 243 

Library U. S. Department of Agriculture I, 389 

Library U. S. Geological survey 736 

Washington Public Library 121 

Map Division, Library of Congress & 40 

Total 60, 529 

classification The number of volumes classified was 137,738 (1904-5, 
131,986); reclassified 69,460 (including 12,971 transfers; 
1904-5, 57,243, transfers 11,272); new accessions, 68,278 
(1904-5, 74,743); shelf listed, 95,812, of which 39,323 
were new accessions (1904-5, shelf listed; 83,381, new 
accessions, 37,410). 

The reclassified portion of the Library now contains, 
in round numbers, 480,000 volumes, classified as follows: 
Class A (Polygraphy), 34,000; D (History), 67,000; B and 
F (America), 46,000; G (Geography), 13,000; H (Social 
sciences), 48,000; L (Education), 11,000; ML and MT 
(Music, literature and theory), 9,000; PZ (Fiction), 11,000; 
Q (Science), 83,000; R (Medicine), 27,000; S (Agricul- 
ture), 24,000; T( Technology), 44,000; U (Military science), 
8,000; V (Naval science), 8,000; Z (Bibliography), 46,000; 
Congressional reference library, Incunabula, etc., 4,000. 

Including 10,092 titles reprinted. & Entries for atlases. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 57 


During the year 156 names have been added to the list Subscribers to 

the cards 

of subscribers, bringing the total number of libraries, indi- 
viduals, and firms which have thus far subscribed up to 
764. About 30 per cent of the new subscribers are public 
libraries of less than 10,000 volumes. 

Subscribers classified 

Public libraries of over 100,000 volumes 24 

Public libraries of from 25,000 to 100,000 volumes 69 

Public libraries of from 10,000 to 25,000 volumes 105 

Public libraries of less than 10,000 volumes 239 

University libraries 36 

College libraries j^ 

Public and normal school libraries 44 

Libraries of Departments of the United States Government 27 

Libraries of Departments of foreign Governments 2 

State libraries ... 18 

Law libraries 4 

Theological libraries 12 

Libraries of learned societies 30 

Libraries of art 2 

Library of bibliography I 

Booksellers 6 

Publishers 10 

State library commissions 3 

Individuals and firms 59 

Total 764 

The increase in the sale of cards during 1905-6, as com- Sale J ' cards 
pared with that of the previous year, has been a fraction 
less than 10 per cent. That the increase has been but mod- 
erate is due to the fact that the sale of last year was abnor- 
mally large on account of the demand for cards for books 
listed in the A. L/. A. Catalog. 

In the following tabulation of the sale of cards the amount 
realized from subscription to proof sheets is included. The 
amounts charged against the appropriations of the United 
States Departments for cards furnished through the L/ibrary 
branch of the Government Printing Office is not included in 
the cash sales, but is given as a separate item. 

58 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Sale of cards by months 

CARD SECTION: J u l y $^2. 55 

Sale of cards A t g g ^ 

by months 

September 996. 93 


November . . 
December. . 


February . . . 
March ..... 





550. 20 
367- 03 
297. 48 
031. 24 
356. 03 
523- 65 
978. 22 

Total $16, 746. 97 

Sales to libraries of the United States Departments on requi- 
sitions obtained from the Government Printing Office. . . 805. 31 

Deposits received for cards 

Deposits r<?-July $643. 69 

ceived for cards August 95 2. 48 

October . . . 
December . 
January. . . 


765- 14 
642. 96 

575- 50 
, 341. 03 
, 1 80. 70 
, 460. 25 
June 2, 711. 78 

March . . . 

Total deposits 18, 390. 44 

Deposits refunded 175. 26 

Net total $18, 215. 18 

orde-, s for The demand for cards for books listed in the A. I,. A. 


Catalog has been steady but not large as compared with 
that of last year. Three complete sets only have been 

The proportion of orders by card number as compared 
with those by author and title has much increased. This 
increase has been largely due to the use of the A. L. A. 
Book L,ist by libraries as a means of ordering cards for cur- 
rent English books, the L,. C. card numbers having been 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 59 

regularly printed in this, by arrangement with the A. L,. A. 
Publishing Board. The ' ' Cumulative book index ' ' seems 
also to have been used to a considerable extent as a means 
of ordering cards by number. 

The number of cards purchased by publishers in quantity 
and redistributed for advertising purposes has increased but 
8 per cent. 

Cards for about 45,0x30 titles have been added to the stock The stock oj 


during the year, making the total number of titles now 
covered by the stock approximately 225,000. 

No addition has been made during the year to the The de P sitor y 


regular depository libraries. The list published in last 
year's report is therefore unchanged. 

Three files of clipped proof sheets have been completed 
by the assignment of a .set of the cards printed before 
the proof sheets were issued to Iceland Stanford Univer- 
sity, to Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.) and 
to Cornell University. 

Seven additional partial depositories have been made 
in libraries of Departments of the United States Govern- 
ment, the deposits being made up in each case of cards 
for books closely related to the work of the Department 
to which the cards were assigned. 

The complete list of partial depositories at present is 
as follows, the libraries added during the year being 
marked with an asterisk: 


Cards relating to military science and military history. 

Cards on sociology and selected topics in science and technology 

Cards for science, technology, anthropology, and ethnology. 

Cards covering such branches of science and technology as are 
related to the work of the Survey. 

Complete sets of cards on sociology and bibliography. 

60 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Cards for military and naval history, science and biography, 
and certain groups in technology, science, and political science. 

Cards covering such branches of science and technology as 
are related to the work of the Survey. 

Cards relating to the Central and South American Republics. 


Cards for certain groups in sociology, economics, law, technol- 
ogy, and Government documents relating to these subjects. 

Cards relating to certain branches of science and technology. 

Cards for science, mathematics, and physics. 


Cards for military and naval history, science, biography, and 
international law. 

Cards for military and naval history, science, biography; inter- 
national law; certain groups in political science and geography. 


All cards relating to the postal service of the United States 
and other countries. 


All cards on architecture, building, engineering, and allied 
groups in technology. 

Complete set of cards on_American history, and cards on sub- 
jects pertaining to the work of the War Department. 

Decided progress has been made during the year in the 
distribution of cards for Government documents. 

Since the beginning of the card distribution work the de- 
mand for cards for Government documents has been urgent 
and increasing. Such cards are needed for the catalogues 
of the Library of Congress, for its bibliographical work, 
and to supply the needs of libraries which are subscribers 
to the Iy. C. cards. The latter demand became particularly 
acute when the free distribution of cards by the Superin- 
tendent of Documents to libraries which are depositories for 
United States Government Documents was discontinued in 
the latter part of 1905. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 61 


The publications of the library during the past year have 
been as follows: 

Library of Congress publications. A List. 1 897-1906. 
1906. 32 pp. 4. 

The Library of Congress and its work. 1905. 8 pp. 

Report of the librarian of Congress for the fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1905. 1906. 318 pp. Plates. 8. 

Special rules on cataloguing, to supplement A. L. A. 
rules advance edition. 1-21. Issued for the use of 
the Catalogue Division of the Library of Congress. 
1906. 26 pp. 8. 

A. L. A. portrait index,, Index to portraits con- 
tained in printed books and periodicals, compiled 
for the Publishing Board of the American Library 
Association; edited by W. C. Lane and Nina K. 
Browne. 1906. 1601 pp. 8. In Press. 

For sale only at $3.00 per copy. 
The following has been reprinted: 

Bibliography of cooperative cataloguing and the print- 
ing of catalogue cards (18501902). By Torstein 
Jahr and Adam Julius Strohm. (Reprinted from the 
Report of the Librarian of Congress, 1902.) 1903. 

' u6pp. 8. 
Compiled by the Division of Bibliography: 

Select list of references on Anglo-Saxon interests. 
Second issue with additions. 1906. 22 pp. 8. 

List of cartularies (principally French) recently added 
to the Library of Congress with some earlier acces- 
sions. 1905. 30 pp. 8. 

List of books (with references to periodicals) relating 
to child labor. 1906. 66pp. 8. 

Select list of works relating to employers liability. 
1906. 25 pp. 8. 

List of discussions of the fourteenth and fifteenth amend- 
ments with special reference to negro suffrage. 1906. 
18 pp. 8. 

62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

^ ist of works relating to government regulation of 
insurance, United States and foreign countries. 
1906. 46pp. 8. 

A list of books (with references to periodicals) on mer- 
cantile marine subsidies. Third edition, with addi- 
tions. 1906. 104 pp. 8. 

A list of books (with references to periodicals) on immi- 
gration. Second issue with additions. 1905. 99 
pp. 8. 

Select list of books on municipal affairs with special 
reference to municipal ownership. With appendix, 
Select list of State- documents. 1906. 34 pp. 8. 

Select list of references on the negro question. Sec- 
ond issue with additions. 1906. 61 pp. 8. 

Select list of books on railroads in foreign countries. 
Government regulation. General: Continental Eu- 
rope; International freight agreement; Great Britain; 
France; Germany; Belgium; Switzerland; Italy; 
Austria-Hungary; Russia. 1905. 72 pp. 8. 

Select list of references on the British tariff movement 
(Chamberlain's plan). Second issue, with additions. 
1906. 60 pp. 8. 

List of works' on the tariffs of foreign countries. 
General: Continental tariff union; France; Germany; 
Switzerland; Italy; Russia; Canada. 1906. 42 pp. 
The following lists have been reprinted: 

List of the more important works in the Library of Con- 
gress on banks and banking. 1904. 55 pp. 8. 

Select list of references on Chinese immigration. 1904. 
30 pp. 8. 

List of references on the United States consular serv- 
ice, with appendix on consular systems in foreign 
countries. 1905. 27 pp. 8. 

A list of works relating to the Germans in the United 
States. 1904. 32 pp. 8. 

Select list of references on government ownership of 
railroads. 1903. 14 pp. 8. 

List of references on primary elections, particularly di- 
rect primaries. 1905. 25 pp. 8. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 63 
List of works on the tariffs of foreign countries. 1906. PUBLICATIONS 

42 pp. 8 . BRARY 

Compiled by the Card Section: 

Bulletins 10-19. December 15, igos-June 21, 1906. 
55-1 14 pp. 8. 

10. Traveling catalogs, n. Scope of the stock of printed 
cards. 12. Methods of determining and indicating number 
of cards wanted. 13. Cards for Government documents. 
14. Cards for publications of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture. 15. Cards for publications of the U. S. Geological 
Survey. 16. Orders for cards by series. 17. Series in Eng- 
lish for which cards are in stock. 18. Series in American 
history for which cards are in stock. 19. Series in foreign 
languages for which cards are in stock. 

Compiled by the Division of Manuscripts: 

Journals of the Continental congress, 1774-1789. 
Edited from the original records in the Library 
of Congress by W. C. Ford, chief, Division of manu- 
scripts. Vols. 4-6. 1906. 3 vols. 4. 

Some papers laid before the Continental congress, 1776. 
Taken from vols. 4-6 of the Journals of the Conti- 
nental congress issued by the Library of Congress. 
1906. 99 pp. 4. 

An introduction to the records of the Virginia company 
of London, with a bibliographical list of the extant 
documents. By Susan M. Kingsbury. 1905. 214 
pp. 4. 

Ivimited edition of 350 copies. 

List of the Benjamin Franklin papers in the Library of 
Congress. 1905. 322 pp. 4. 

Records of the Virginia Company of London. 1619- 
1624. Edited by Susan M. Kingsbury. 1906. 2 
vols. 4. 

For sale only at $4 per set. 
The following has been reprinted: 

List of the Vernon- Wager manuscripts in the Library 

of Congress. 1904. 148 pp. 3 facsimiles. 4. 
The publications of the Copyright Office are listed in 
the Report of the Register of Copyrights. 

64 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


The Library believes in a distinction in distribution 
between publications which are merely records of adminis- 
trative activities and those which are general contributions 
to knowledge. The former it would distribute gratis, and, 
to institutions at least, freely. For the latter it would 
exact some charge, which, even if not meeting the cost, 
would serve to prevent inconsiderate demand and conse- 
quent waste. 

This policy is being applied to certain of the above pub- 
lications, as follows: The reports, the handbooks descriptive 
of the card distribution, etc., and the bulletins of the Copy- 
right Office are considered to belong to the first group; the 
A. Iy. A. Portrait Index and the Records of the Virginia 
Company to the second. The A. L,. A. Catalog and the 
Journals of the Continental Congress might perhaps have 
been classed with the second. Their distribution has, how- 
ever, represented an earlier compromise, a portion only of 
the edition in each case being distributed and the remainder 
being placed on sale. The free distribution was, however, 
strictly limited to institutions, and in the case of the Jour- 
nals (of which only 2,000 copies were printed) to a limited 
number of institutions. 

The ' ' Select Lists ' ' references on various timely sub- 
jects are also contributions to knowledge. They are, 
however, of small cost, and their prompt and general diffu- 
sion serves a purpose so useful that copies are supplied 
very freely to institutions, and in certain cases to individual 

Where a charge is exacted it is in all cases nominal for 
the Journals, $i per volume; for the A. L. A. Catalog, 50 
cents per copy (cloth); for the A. L,. A. Portrait Index, $3 
per copy (cloth); for the Records of the Virginia Company, 
$4 per set (2 volumes, cloth). 

The sales are entirely through the Superintendent of 
Documents, Government Printing Office. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress -65 


For the reasons indicated in my report for 1905, the sta- 
tistics of use have been omitted. It seems desirable to 
repeat that statement here: 

' ' The statistics reported under this head have been 
solely those from the Main Reading Room. They have 
included only the recorded use there, i. e., the number 
of readers counted and the number of volumes issued 
to them. They were therefore not complete even of 
the use there, for they omitted that part of it which is 
not merely considerable and growing, but is most im- 
portant the use by special investigators in the alcoves 
and in the stacks. They took no account whatever of 
the use in other parts of the building, in the divisions 
handling material special in form or subject Manu- 
scripts, Maps, Music, Prints, Periodicals, Documents, 
Law, and the Smithsonian Deposit nor of the still 
more highly significant service of the Bibliographic 

To give an idea of the use of the Library in special re- 
search, the following list of typwritten lists on special sub- 
jects, prepared upon request in the Division of Bibliogra- 
phy, is illustrative: 

Alcohol monopoly, etc., 4 pages; Anglo-French alliance, 
10 pages; Australian ballot and ballot reform, 8 pages; 
Legislative regulation of blacklisting and boycotting in the 
principal foreign countries, 3 pages; Daniel Boone, supple- 
mentary to titles contained in Miner's "Daniel Boone," 
New York, 1901, 3 pages; Relations with Central and South 
America, 5 pages; Child labor, factories, mines, etc., 5 pages; 
Child labor in the South, 3 pages; Chinese boycott, 2 pages; 
Chinese immigration, 4 pages; David Crockett, 7 pages; 
Currency (bond and asset currency), 6 pages; Deep water- 
ways from the Great Lakes to the ocean, 20 pages; Demo- 
cratic institutions, 7 pages; Divorce question, 6 pages; 

66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Typewritten Dumping: Exporting goods at lower than domestic prices, 

lists on special 

subjects 5 pages; Classical education, 2 pages; Eight hour working 

day, 13 pages; Executive officers, 9 pages; Factory work, 
etc., 15 pages; Federal incorporation and Federal license, 5 
pages; Pure food legislation, 3 pages; Foreign corporations, 
9 pages; Government ownership of mines, 7 pages; Income 
tax in the United States, 10 pages; Index numbers, 8 pages; 
Initiative and referendum, 8 pages; Government regulation 
of insurance, 4 pages; Architecture of the Library of Con- 
gress, 3 pages; Manual training, 6 pages; Mercantile marine 
subsidies (supplementary), 6 pages; Relations of the United 
States and France during the French occupation of Mexico, 
1862-1867, 14 pages; Monroe doctrine, 5 pages; Municipal 
franchises, 5 pages; Municipal gas and water supply, 7 
pages; Mythology and folklore, 7 pages; Old age and civil- 
service pensions, supplementary to the list printed in 
Twenty-first Annual Report of the Civil Service Com- 
mission, for the year ended June 30, 1904, 6 pages; 
Open door policy with China, 3 pages; Panama Canal, 2 
pages; Panics and crises, 6 pages; Pawnbroking, 6 pages; 
Penology, 4 pages; Philippine tariff, 2 pages; Money in poli- 
tics, 2 pages; Portsmouth treaty, 2 pages; Primary elections, 
2 pages; Comparative railway and canal rates, 3 pages; 
Railroad rates (recent books), 3 pages; Reciprocity with 
Canada, 5 pages; Use of oil and tar products on roads, 3 
pages; Rubber production, 5 pages; Political and social con- 
ditions in Russia, 5 pages; Press censorship in Russia, 3 
pages; Russian conditions (recent works), 3 pages; Russo- 
Japaiiese war, 7 pages; Certain considerations in interna- 
tional law as related to the Russo-Japanese war, 5 pages; 
Santo Domingo, 36 pages; Tammany, 6 pages; Tariff and 
wages, 4 pages; Tariff question pro and con, 6 pages; Tax- 
ation, 9 pages; Taxation of corporations, 4 pages; Tea, coffee, 
etc., 9 pages; Tobacco industry, 18 pages; Unification of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 67 

Germany and Italy, 4 pages; United States Congress, 3 
pages; United States Senate, 21 pages; Workingmeu's 
insurance, 9 pages; List of books published in America on 
the social conditions of woman, past and present, 10 pages 


The collection has been added to by gift, and to a small 
degree (36 volumes) by purchase. Twenty-two persons have 
contributed sums amounting to $39.65 for street car tickets 
to enable blind persons to attend the readings and musicales. 
Others have given material of interest to the reading room 
or extended hospitalities or opportunity for entertainment 
to blind persons frequenting *it. Volunteers have enabled 
68 readings to be undertaken and 35 musicales, enjoyed by 
both blind and (within the capacity of the room) the seeing. 

The public service of the assistant in charge includes con- 
siderable explanation both to visitors and by correspondence 
of the various devices and systems for promoting the 
education and other improvement of the blind, including 
industrial homes, workshops, societies, and associations for 
their benefit, her ability being much advanced by attend- 
ance at conferences for the amelioration of the condition of 
the blind held from time to time in this country and abroad. 


The progress in this, to meet developing needs, appears in 
the report of the Superintendent of the Library Building 
and Grounds, now issued under the same covers with my 
own. The urgent need unmet is for a newspaper stack, as 
set forth in his report (pp. 74-77). 

68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


The statement of this in my last report (pp. 94-95) would 
still hold good, with the addition of one further item 
authority for the transfer to the Department of Commerce 
and Labor of the records and letter files of the Industrial 
Commission deposited in the Library in pursuance of a 
resolution of Congress, February 21, 1902, to await further 
action of Congress. 

Respectfully submitted 


Librarian of Congress 
The Honorable 

TWe Honorable 









Washington, D. C., December j, 1306 

SIR: I have the honor to render my annual report as 
Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds for 
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906, and to submit it, as 
was done with the last report, for the reason then given, in 
connection with the report of the Librarian. 

The routine of care and maintenance of the building and 
grounds was continued throughout the year essentially on 
the same plan as in the previous years and with a similar 
organization, although the labor of it has steadily increased 
with the ever widening scope and activity of the Library, 
which has continued from its occupation of the new build- 
ing nine years ago. For several years past, however, any 
important increase in the working force or in the appropria- 
tions for this work has been avoided by a judicious applica- 
tion of the experience gained in handling it. It is believed 
that the same appropriations, with the minor changes in the 
force recommended in the estimates, will be sufficient for 
the fiscal year 1908. 

The building was open to the public and the users of the 
Library every day throughout the year excepting the 5th of 
July, the funeral day of the Secretary of State, John Hay, 


72 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

and excepting the Fourth of July and Christmas. On 
the other legal holidays and Sundays the hours were from 2 
to 10 p. m., and on all week days from 9 a. m. to 10 p. m., 
excepting the Saturdays after 12.30 p. m. in July, August, 
and September. So far as care taking and guarding are 
concerned, the building is practically open day and evening 
the year round, requiring almost a double force of working 
people for its maintenance. 


The number of visitors is shown in the following table : 

9'to 6 

6 to 10 






28 592 

25 289 

2 684 




32 700 

32 923 

3, 53 2 


2, II'' 



33, 357 
42, 650 

32, 532 







23, 2 54 

21 485 

4 064 



2, 093 


24 029 

3, 819 

i, 193 

2, 193 


43 53 

24 745 

4, 049 

i, 315 

2, 421 



47, 582 

28, 333 

4, 357 

i, 125 




38, 048 
29, 773 

4i, 39 8 
3 2 , 141 
25, 572 


i, in 





Grand total, 811,945 
Average, 2,243; days, 362 


This remains in good condition through constant and 
careful attention, but the electric-generating machinery 
is overtaxed and, as reported last year, awaits the antici- 
pated relief from the central power plant authorized for the 
Government buildings on Capitol Hill. 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 73 


One of the important duties of this office which does not 
appertain to the mere business of care and maintenance 
cleaning, repair, and guarding of the building, is the de- 
sign and construction of the various classes of the so-called 
furniture necessary to meet the growth of the diverse col- 
lections which constitute the library proper, and the 
mechanical apparatus for its effective and convenient use. 
A considerable part of this involves special invention and 
economical adaptation, because not of standard manufacture 
procurable in the market. 

Excepting the ordinary desks, tables, chairs, and cer- 
tain standard filing cases, the entire equipment of the Li- 
brary under the general head of furniture has necessarily 
been specially designed and devised for the proper and per- 
manent installation and effective service of the collections 
to Congress and the public, and is to be found in no other 
library, excepting as copied or adapted from the Library of 
Congress. In these matters, as in those which pertain to 
the Library administration itself, the Library of Congress 
has had to be from the beginning of its occupation of the 
new building a pioneer in the great development of the 
libraries which has taken place in the meantime. Except- 
ing the large and growing collection of bound volumes of 
newspapers, mentioned in the last annual report, no other 
library has or is likely to have in the near future a more 
efficient and economical equipment for the safe storage and 
ready accessibility of its literary treasures and for the dis- 
play of its exhibits. 

But the work^ of devising and ingenuity is not yet fin- 
ished, nor can it be entirely so as long as the Library grows 
with the times, which it must do indefinitely. Annual 
appropriations will be continually needed and a skilful, 
sympathetic organization maintained for the physical side 

74 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

of the institution as well as for the more strictly adminis- 
trative side. If the one is to fulfill its purpose, the other 
must go hand in hand with it and furnish the indispensable 
physical accessories which are in the main necessarily 
special and necessarily abreast of the times in the mechan- 
ical world. 

The appropriation of $ 40,000 for furniture, etc., was 
expended as follows: 

Steel map and chart cases $7, 900. oo 

Two additional public catalogue cases for main Reading 

Room 5, 544. oo 

Part of a book stack for east main attic 4, 675. oo 

Miscellaneous furniture, including desks, tables, chairs, 

stands, cases, window shades, hardware, etc 3, 361. 95 

Fitting up and "repairing furniture, including labor and 

materials 2, 951. 17 

Combined storage shelving and exhibition cases for Divi- 
sion of Prints 3, 077. 80 

Steel tray storage cases for catalogue cards 2, 675. 40 

Label holders, book supports, and newspaper file holders. . 2, 185. oo 

Miscellaneous card catalogue and filing cases 2, 027. 32 

Carpets, rugs, and rubber runners 2, 220. 89 

Wood, glass, and wire inclosures and partitions i, 092. 53 

Re-covering and re-upholstering leather furniture, Congres- 
sional reading rooms i, 052. oo 

Typewriters, remodeling, etc 456. 25 

Adding machine 350. oo 

Electrical work for book stacks 183. 94 

Freight, drayage, and inspection 147. 57 

Total 39, 900. 82 

As heretofore, some of the above articles were supplied 
to the law branch of the Library in the Capitol. 


One of the collections needing special accommodation in 
the building is that of the bound newspapers. These 
amount now to 35,000 volumes, and are increasing at the 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 75 

rate of about i , 500 volumes annually, a moderate growth 
considering the extent of publication. It is a most valuable 
and much used collection, while bulky and heavy to handle. 
To properly preserve the great volumes not only on the 
shelves but in handling to and fro, it is less expensive in 
money, valuable space, and time in using the volumes to 
build for them a specially designed stack for shelving than 
to bind each volume in a way to guard against wear, tear, 
and distortion. 

If the newspapers are to be preserved at all, special shelv- 
ing for them must be provided without delay, or they 
will go to ruin. As stated in the last annual report, the 
larger part of the present collection is now temporarily 
shelved in the cellar of the Library building. The place is 
wholly unsuitable, but the only one now available. It is too 
hot, damp at times, dusty, most inconvenient and slow of 
access, and dangerous from possible leaks in the steam and 
water pipes of the mechanical apparatus which abound and 
which the space was more especially intended to accommo- 
date. The service to readers is correspondingly slow, and 
the volumes are not only unclean, but are unavoidably 
subjected to a rough handling, which is accelerating the 
gradual ruin of the collection. 

Another year should not be allowed by Congress to pass 
without provision for the proper installation of these vol- 
umes. Irreparable loss is gaining headway, and that 
which may be repaired is fast accumulating to entail 
expense that would be obviated by the early attention 

The bulk of a newspaper volume is about twelve times 
that of an ordinary book; the two can not be economically 
shelved in the same stacks. Newspaper volumes are a 
class quite by themselves, and must be shelved as such, 
especially when their quantity is naturally that of the one 

76 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

great collection of the nation. Even in the reading they 
can not be used and handled as other books are, owing to 
their weight, bulk, and size of page. 

Last year this important matter was brought before Con- 
gress in an estimate for a small appropriation to begin the 
construction of a stack of shelving in the southeast court- 
yard, adjacent to and in connection with one of the existing 
main book stacks. The plan was in pursuance of that of 
the original design of the building as set forth in House 
Miscellaneous Document No. 12, Fiftieth Congress, second 

After careful consideration of the subject and personal 
examination of the conditions at the building, the Joint 
Committee on the Library adopted the following resolution : 
' ' The Joint Committee on the Library deems press- 
ingly necessary a suitable provision for the accommo- 
dation of the files of newspapers now stored for the 
most part in the cellar of the Library Building, where 
they are inconvenient of access, subjected to injury for 
lack of proper shelving and in transportation to the 
Reading Room for use by readers, and suffering deteri- 
oration from excessive heat and occasional moisture; 
the committee recognizes that they can not be accom- 
modated in the main stacks, whose shelving is designed 
for ordinary books and is now entirely required for 
these, with reasonable allowance for accessions; it finds, 
upon examination, no available space for the construc- 
tion of a special stack for them in any of the ordinary 
rooms within the building, and unless additional land 
can be acquired for the erection of a separate building 
for them, it sees no other course feasible than the erec- 
tion of shelving for them in one of the two easterly 
courtyards: Provided ', The plans for the same shall 
be subject to the approval of the Joint Committee on 
the Library. In this connection the joint committee 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 77 

wishes to record its strong opposition to any encroach- 
ment on the free space of the two westerly courtyards 
of the Library building. ' ' 

The subject went over with the following paragraph in 
the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation bill: 

' ' For plans. and estimates for a newspaper stack to be 
procured by the Joint Committee on the Library, if said 
committee shall decide such stack to be necessary, 



From the appropriation of $32,500 for the year for "Fuel, 
lights, and miscellaneous supplies," the following list of ex- 
penditures shows the necessary distribution of this fund: 
Watch and Housekeeping Department: 

Ice 1988. 84 

Dry goods 468. oo 

Hardware 354- *5 

Soaps 334-55 

Repairs 318. 59 

Cleaning compounds 297. 30 

Housekeeping supplies* ... 275. 80 

Washing towels 208. 46 

Painting 192. 50 

Painting supplies 184. oo 

Toilet supplies 172. 40 

Miscellaneous supplies , 176. 03 

Tools and cleaning appliances 62. 70 

Mosaic floor, repairs 53- 

Grounds and walks, repairs 45- J 7 


78 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

Engineer Department: 

Coal $20, 093. 61 

Re-boring engine cylinder, repairs to 

plumbing, boilers, machinery, etc i, 666. 30 

Book carrier 755. oo 

Plumbing supplies 488. 35 

Miscellaneous supplies 406. 78 

Removing ashes 414. 96 . 

Oil 164. 87 

Tools and machinery 107. 60 

Gas 41. 40 

- $24, 138. 87 

Electrical Department: 

Incandescent lamps 2, 278. 50 

Miscellaneous supplies 551. 94 

Tools and appliances 182. 90 

Repairs in.oo 

Intercommunicating telephones 46. 50 

3, 170. 84 


Telephone service 678. 90 

Miscellaneous supplies 138. 39 

Printing 75-21 

Postage 15. oo 

Car tickets " 60. oo 

Advertising 29. 10 

Express, freight, and dray age 22. 49 

i, 019. 09 

Total $32, 460. 29 


This office disburses all appropriations for the Library, 
as well as those for the building and grounds, the Botanic 
Garden, and others coming under the control of the Joint 
Committee on the Library. 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 79 

The several appropriations and the expenditures there- 
from for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906, also the cor- 
responding appropriations for the preceding and succeeding 
years, are presented in the following table: 

Object of appropriation 

tion, 1905 

tion, 1906 

tures, 1906 

tion, 1907 


Special and miscellaneous 

a 2 090 oo 

a 2 694 94 

2 479 16 

Contingent expenses 
Increase of Library 
Purchase of books 

7, 300. oo 
90 ooo oo 

7, 300. oo 

7, 289. 16 

68Q S2^ Q8 

7, 300. oo 

Purchase of law books 
Purchase of periodicals. . . . 

5, ooo. oo 
i 800 oo 


5, ooo. oo 



3, ooo. oo 
5, ooo. oo 

Indexes, digests, and compila- 

5, 840. oo 


437, 350. oo 

437, !54- 94 

435, 246 80 

447, 215. 78 

Building and grounds: 
Care and maintenance 
Fuel lights etc 

79, 5 8 5- 
32 500 oo 

80, 305. oo 
32, 500. oo 

79, 8"- 37 
b 32, 460 29 

80, 305. oo 
32, 500. oo 

40, ooo. oo 

40, ooo. oo 

b 39, 900. 82 


2 5OO OO 


152 085. oo 

152,805. oo 

152, 172. 48 

135, 305. oo 

Botanic Garden: 

14 393 75 

14 393. 75 

14, 367. 27 

1 6, 393. 75 

5 ooo. oo 

5,000. oo 

ft 5, ooo oo 

6, 500. oo 

Improving buildings 

6, 500. oo 


6, 995. 83 




26, 393- 75 

26, 363. 10 


Repairs of paintings in Capitol 
Heating, lighting, and power 





f r ^f 

a aye 


a Including balance available from preceding year, 
b Including unfilled orders and contracts. 

8o Superintendent of Building and Grounds 


All amounts for the fiscal year 1904, including claims 
paid on Auditor's certificate, have been settled, and the un- 
expended balances of the appropriations for the year have 
been deposited to the credit of the surplus fund of the Treas- 
ury, in amounts as follows: 

Salaries $i, 304. 31 

Increase of Library 2, 161. 31 

Contingent expenses 2. 81 

- $3, 468. 43 
Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance 373. 58 

Furniture 98. 45 

Fuel, lights, etc 6. 23 

478. 26 
Botanic Garden: 

Salaries .48 

Improving garden 24. 70 

Improving buildings 32. 30 

57- 48 

Total 4, 004. 17 

Respectfully submitted 


Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds 
The Honorable 

The Honorable 




Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 83 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1906-7 85 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 91 

III. Copyright bill. Statement of the Librarian of 

Congress in 

IV. Manuscripts: Accessions, 1905-6 127 

V. Division of Prints: Collection of prints, original 

drawings, water-color paintings, and illus- 
trated books by celebrated Japanese artists. 
Given by Mr. Crosby S. Noyes, Washington, 
D. C 141 


Appendix la 





library service: 

$236 660 oo 

$ 2 35 879 56 

$780 44 


9 741 99 

258 01 


a 2, 694. 94 

2,479. 16 

215 78 

7 800 oo 

7 798 18 

i 82 

74 700 oo 

74 SS^ 67 

163 33 


331 854 94 

i 419 38 


Purchase of books 

90, ooo. oo 

89, 523. 98 

o 476.02 

5, ooo. oo 


Purchase of law books . . 

b 3,000 oo 

2 998 11 


Total . 

98,000 oo 

97 522 08 

477 9 2 

Contingent expenses 

7, 300. oo 

7, 289. 16 


Printing and binding (allotment, notap- 

185 ooo oo 

177 220 55 

7 779 45 

Grand total 




a Including balance of $694.94 from 1904-5. 

& Exclusive of $1,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for 
new books of reference for that body. 
c Orders outstanding will exhaust this amount. 


Object of expenditure 


$4 461 01 

i, 038. 75 

472. 85 

448 63 

360. 97 

Postage stamps (foreign correspondence) 

104. 70 



20 90 

16. oo 

5. oo 



7, 289. 16 


Appendix Ib 


General administration : For Librarian of Congress, $6,000; 
chief assistant librarian, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; Libra- 
rian's secretary, $1,800; clerk (assistant to chief clerk), 
$1,000; 2 stenographers and typewriters, at $1,000 each; 
messenger, $840; in all, $18,140. 

Mail: For assistant in charge, $1,500; assistant, $900; 
messenger boy, $360; in all, $2,760. 

Packing and stamping: For 2 attendants, at $720 each, 

Order (purchasing) : For chief of division, $2,500; assist- 
ant, $1,500; assistant, $1,200; 3 assistants, at $900 each; 2 
assistants, at $720 each; 2 assistants, at $600 each; assist- 
ant, $520; and 2 messenger boys, at $360 each; in all, 

Catalogue and shelf: For chief of division, $3,000; chief 
classifier, $2,000; 4 assistants, at $1,800 each; 7 assistants, 
at $1,500 each; 6 assistants, at $1,400 each; 12 assistants, 
at $i,;oo each; 6 assistants, at $1,000 each; 14 assistants, at 
$900 each; 4 assistants, at $800 each; 13 assistants, at $720 
each; 3 assistants, at $600 each; 10 assistants, at $540 each; 
4 assistants, at $480 each; 6 messengers, at $360 each; in 
all, $87,940. 

Binding: For assistant in charge, $1,200; assistant, $900; 
messenger boy, $360; in all, $2,460. 

Bibliography: For chief of division, $3,000; assistant, 
$1,200; 2 assistants, at $900 each; assistant, $720; stenog- 
rapher and typewriter, $900; and i messenger boy, $360; 
in all, $7,980. 


86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Reading rooms (including evening service) and special 
collections: For superintendent of reading room, $3,000; 2 
assistants, at $1,500 each; 4 assistants, at $1,200 each; i 
assistant (reading room for the blind), $1,200; 5 assistants, 
at $900 each; 10 assistants, at $720 each; i attendant, Sen- 
ate reading room, $900; i attendant, Representatives' read- 
ing room, $900; i attendant, Representatives' reading room, 
$720; 2 attendants, cloakrooms, at $720 each; i attendant, 
Toner Library, $900; i attendant, Washingtonian Library, 
$900; 4 messenger boys, at $360 each; 2 watchmen, at $720 
each; evening service: 5 assistants, at $900 each; 15 assist- 
ants, at $720 each; in all, $47,640. 

Periodical (including evening service) : For chief of divi- 
sion, $2,000; chief assistant, $'1,500; 2 assistants, at $900 
each; stenographer and typewriter, $900; 3 assistants, at 
$720 each; 2 messenger boys, at $360 each; for arrears of 
sorting and collating and to enable periodical reading room 
to be open in the evenings, 2 assistants, at $720 each; in all, 

Documents: For chief of division, $3,000; assistant ,$1,200; 
stenographer and typewriter, $900; assistant, $720; messen- 
ger, $360; in all, $6,180. 

Manuscript: For chief of division, $3,000; chief assistant, 
$1,500; assistant, $900; messenger boy, $360; in all, $5,760. 

Maps and charts: For chief of division, $3,000; assistant, 
$1,200; 2 assistants, at $900 each; assistant, $720; messen- 
ger boy, $360; in all, $7,080. 

Music: For chief of division, $2,000; assistant, $1,400; 
assistant, $ 1,000; 2 assistants, at $720 each; messenger boy, 
$360; in all, $6,200. 

Prints: For chief of division, $2,000; assistant, $1,200; 2 
assistants, at $900 each; messenger, $360; in all, $5,360. 

Smithsonian deposit: For custodian, $1,500; assistant, 
$1,200; messenger, $720; messenger boy, $360; in all, 

Congressional Reference Library: For custodian, $1,500; 
assivStant, $1,200; assistant, $900; assistant, $720; 2 mes- 
senger boys, at $360 each; in all, $5,040. 

Appropriation Acts 1906-7 87 

Law Library: For custodian, $2,500; 2 assistants, at 
$1,400 each; messenger, $900; assistant for evening service, 
$1,500; in all, $7,700. 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE, under the direction of the Librarian 
of Congress: Register of copyrights, $3,000; chief clerk 
and chief of bookkeeping division, $2,000; chief of appli- 
cation division, $2,000; 2 clerks, at $i, 800 each; 4 clerks, 
at $1,600 each; 8 clerks, at $1,400 each; 10 clerks, at 
$1,200 each; 8 clerks, at $1,000 each; 13 clerks, at $900 
each; 2 clerks, at $800 each; 10 clerks, at $720 each; 2 
clerks, at $600 each; 2 messenger boys, at $360 each. 
Arrears, special service: 3 clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, 
$720; messenger boy, $360; in all, $75,300. 

nection with the distribution of card indexes and other 
publications of the Library, including not exceeding $500 
for freight charges, expressage, and traveling expenses 
connected with such distribution, $10,800. 

TEMPORARY SERVICES: For special, temporary, and mis- 
cellaneous service, at the discretion of the Librarian, to 
continue available until expended, $2,000. 

SUNDAY OPENING: To enable the Library of Congress 
to be kept open for reference use from 2 until 10 o'clock 
post meridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the 
discretion of the Librarian, including the extra services of 
employees and the services of additional employees under 
the Librarian, $10,000, or so much thereof as may be 

books for the Library, and for freight, commissions, and 
traveling expenses incidental to the acquisition of books by 
purchase, gift, or exchange, $90,000; 

For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 

For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme 
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress and purchased 
by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the direction 
of the Chief Justice, $1,500; 
WB 1906 7 

88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and newspapers, 
including payment in advance for subscriptions to the same, 
f 5,000; 

In all, $99,500. 

For miscellaneous and contingent expenses of the Library, 
stationery, supplies, and all stock and materials directly 
purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, postage, trans- 
portation, and all incidental expenses connected with the 
administration of the Library and the Copyright Office, 
which sum shall be so apportioned as to prevent a deficiency 
therein, $7,300. 

ING AND GROUNDS: For superintendent of the Library build- 
ing and grounds, $5,000; chief clerk, $2,000; clerk, $1,600; 
clerk, $1,400; clerk, $1,000; i messenger; i assistant messen- 
ger; 2 telephone operators, at $600 each; captain of watch, 
$1,400; lieutenant of watch, $ i, ooo; 1 8 watchmen; carpen- 
ter, $900; painter, $900; foreman of laborers, $900; 14 labor- 
ers, at $480 each; 2 attendants in ladies' room, at $480 each; 
2 check boys, at $360 each; mistress of charwomen, $425; 
assistant mistress of charwomen, $300; 45 charwomen; chief 
engineer, $1,500: i assistant engineer, $1,200; 3 assistant 
engineers, at$i,ooo each; electrician, $1,500; assistant elec- 
trician, $i, ooo; machinist, $ i, ooo; machinist, $900; 2 wire- 
men, at $900 each; plumber, $900; 3 elevator conductors, 
at $7 20 each; 9 firemen; 6 skilled laborers, at $720 each; in 
all, $77,505- 

For extra services of employees and additional employees 
under the superintendent of Library building and grounds to 
provide for the opening of the Library building from 2 until 
10 o'clock post meridian on Sundays and legal holidays, 

For fuel, lights, repairs, and miscellaneous supplies, elec- 
tric and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, and all 
incidental expenses in connection with the custody, care, 
and maintenance of said building and grounds, $32,500. 

For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving, and 
electrical work pertaining thereto, $20,000. 

Appropriation Acts 1906-7 89 

For plans and estimates for a newspaper stack to be pro- 
cured by the Joint Committee on the Library if said com- 
mittee shall decide such stack to be necessary, $2,500. 

Provisions in "An Act Making appropriations for sundry 
civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending 
June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seven, and for other 


THEREFOR: To enable the Librarian of Congress to direct 
the Law Librarian to prepare a new index to the Statutes 
at Large, in accordance with a plan previously approved by 
the Judiciary Committees of both Houses of Congress, and 
to prepare such other indexes, digests and compilations of 
law as may be required by Congress and other official use, 
five thousand eight hundred and forty dollars to pay for 
five additional assistants in the Law Library: One at eight- 
een hundred dollars, one at twelve hundred dollars, one at 
nine hundred dollars and two at seven hundred and twenty 
dollars each, and for the Law Librarian five hundred dol- 
lars, the said sum to be paid to the Law Librarian, notwith- 
standing seventeen hundred and sixty-five of the Revised 

Appendix II 


Washington, D. C., July 5, 1906 

SIR: The copyright business and the work of the Copy- 
right Office for the fiscal year from July i, 1905, to June 30, 
1906, inclusive, are summarized as follows: 


The gross receipts during the year were $82,610.92. A Fees > etc - 
balance of $2,116.93, representing trust funds and unfin- 
ished business, was on hand July i, 1905, making a total of 
$84,727.85 to be accounted for. Of this amount the sum 
of $2,351 .73 was refunded, having been sent to the Copyright 
Office as excess fees or as fees for articles not registrable, 
leaving a net balance of $82,376.12. The balance carried 
over July i, 1906, was $2,178.12 (representing trust funds, 
$1,811.16, and total unfinished business since July i, 1897 
nine years $366.96), leaving for fees applied during the 
fiscal year 1905-6, $80,198. 


The appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the Salaries 
Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906, 
was $74,700. Of this amount the total expenditure for sal- 
aries was $74,536.67, or $5,661,33 less than the net amount 
of fees earned and paid into the Treasury during the corre- 
sponding year. The expenditure for supplies, except fur- 
niture, including stationery and other articles, and postage 
on foreign mail matter, etc., was $1,055.89. 

The copyright fees received and paid into the United States 
Treasury during the last nine years, from July i, 1897, to 
June 30, 1906, amount to $607,533.50, while the sum used 
of the appropriations for salaries during that period was 

92 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

$502,124.89, leaving an excess of fees over appropriations 
used for service for the nine years of $105,408.61. 

Copyright de- During these same nine years the articles received as 
deposits amount to the grand total of 1,487,281 pieces, 
including two copies each of 81,203 books and pamphlets; 
40,847 leaflets; 63,779 periodical contributions; 7,596 dra- 
matic compositions; 162,316 separate numbers of periodicals; 
180,491 musical compositions; 14,284 maps and charts; 
53,710 engravings, cuts, and prints; 16,283 chromes and 
lithographs; 110,747 photographs, and 389 miscellaneous 
articles. In addition to the above, 23,991 photographs 
were deposited to identify the same number of original works 
of art paintings, drawings, and statuary of which the 
descriptions had been filed. Many of these articles are of 
considerable value. 


Registrations The entries of titles for the fiscal year numbered 117,704. 
Of these entries 108,161 were titles of the productions of 
citizens or residents of the United States, and 9,543 were 
titles of works by foreigners. The fees for these entries 
were: United States, $54,080.50; foreign, $9,543, or a total 
of $63,623.50. 

Certificates^. Of the foreign entries 1,992 were with certificates, and of 
the United States entries 27,804, or a total of 29,796 certifi- 
cates, at fees amounting to $14,898. In addition, 1,843 
copies of record were furnished for $921.50 in fees; assign- 
ments to the number of 669 were recorded and certified, at 
a charge of $738, and search fees charged to the amount of 
$17. The total copyright fees for the year amounted to 
$80,198. The details of the Copyright Office business* and 
applied fees are set out in Exhibits A, B, and C. 

The number of entries in each class from July i, 1905, 
to June 30, 1906, as compared with the number of entries 
made in the previous year, is shown in Exhibit F. 

Register of Copyrights 93 


The various articles deposited in compliance with the Articles 
copy right law, which have been receipted for, stamped, tU 
credited, indexed, and catalogued during the fiscal year 
amount to 211,138. This is a gain of 3,714 over the pre- 
ceding fiscal year. The number of these articles in each 
class for the nine fiscal years is shown in Exhibit G, and 
indicates a grand total of 1,487,281 articles received in the 
nine years. 


The usual four quarterly volumes of the Catalogue of catalogue 
Title Entries were printed, containing 5,319 pages. 

The title index cards for the fiscal year number 167,292. index cards 
After having been first used as the copy for the printed 
catalogue required to be produced weekly by the act of Con- 
gress of March 3, 1891 (sist Cong., 2d sess., ch. 565), these 
cards are added to the permanent card indexes of the copy- 
right entries, which now number a total of over 1,380,000 

Under the provisions of the act making appropriations Copyright cata- 
for the sundry civil expenses of the Government for the & 
fiscal year 1907, the printing and distribution of the Cata- 
logue of Copyright Entries have been transferred from the 
Treasury Department to the Library of Congress. This 
gives opportunity for the introduction of certain changes in 
the form of the Catalogue which it is hoped will make it a 
more useful publication and secure a wider distribution of 
it. As heretofore published, the four quarterly volumes for 
the year have each contained all the entries for the quarter 
arranged by subjects. Beginning with July i, 1906, it is 
proposed to issue four volumes each year divided in accord- 
ance with the subject-matter of the articles registered. 
Thus Part i of the Catalogue will contain the titles of all 
copyright books, dramatic compositions, and maps and 
charts; Part 2 the titles of all periodicals registered for 
copyright protection; Part 3 the titles of all musical com- 
positions so registered, and Part 4 will contain all registra- 
tions under other designations provided by the copyright 

94 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

law, including works of the fine arts, engravings, chromos 
and lithographs, and photographs. 

Parti, Books j t j s proposed in Part I of the Catalogue to make two 
groups of the book titles, one to contain the titles of all 
books for which the Library of Congress supplies printed 
cards, and the second to contain the titles of pamphlets, 
leaflets, and all other publications registered under the legal 
designation ' ' book. " It is proposed also to print the titles 
included in the first group to correspond with the titles as 
printed in the Library of Congress cards, and to use for 
that purpose the linotype slugs now used in printing such 
cards to save the resetting of the titles. While the first 
volumes under the new arrangement will only cover the 
half year from July to December, 1906, it is intended there- 
after to make annual volumes to correspond with the calen- 
dar year, and to cumulate the weekly indices, so far as may 
be deemed permissible, and supply each volume with an 
index for the entire year. 

Volumes and This division of the Catalogue according to subject-matter 
will permit binding up the volumes by subjects and will also 
make it possible to subscribe for one or more of the parts 
as well as for the complete Catalogue as heretofore, the 
subscription prices for the several parts to be proportioned 
to the amount of matter contained in each. 


Annual state- The customary "Annual Statement " was issued on Janu- 
ary 4, 1906, setting out in condensed form the statistics of 

Circulars the copyright business for the calendar year 1905. A cir- 
cular containing the President's Proclamation of the estab- 
lishment of copyright relations with Norway was printed 
August 21, and new revised editions were printed of the 

Bulletins Copyright Office Bulletins Nos. i and 2 containing the copy- 
right laws and the directions for making application for 
copyright registration. 

In connection with the effort to secure a revision of the 
copyright laws various circulars were printed, together with 
preliminary drafts of the text of the proposed copyright bill, 
and some explanatory matter. The full titles of these Drafts, 
etc., are as follows: 

Register of Copyrights 


i. The Copyright Law of the United States of America, in force New 


2. Directions for the registration of copyrights under the laws of 
the United States. 6th edition. 50 pp. 8. 1906. 

Memorandum Draft of a bill to amend and consolidate tin- arts 
respecting copyright. (Copyright Office Bulletin No. [o, October 23, 
1905.) 74 pp. 4. 

Same. (Copyright Office Bulletin No. 10, second print, March 2 
1906.) 57 pp. 4. 

Same. (Proof copy, March 30, 1906.) 32pp. 4. 

Same. (Proof copy, May 19, 1906.) 26pp. 4. 

Same. A bill to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy- 
right. Introduced Thursday, May 31, 1906. 5gth Congress, ist ses- 
sion, Senate bill 6330, H. R. bill 19853. (Library of Congress print 
of final draft. ) 25 pp. 4. 

Copyright bill. Memorandum. A. Some leading features; B. 
Provisions of existing law which are omitted from the bill. 6 pp. 4. 

Copyright bill (S. 6330; H. R. 19853). Statement by the Librarian 
of Congress to the Committee [on Patents] at the first public hearing, 
June 6, 1906. 12 pp. 4. 1906. 


Balance on hand July i, 1905 ................. $2, 116.93 

Gross receipts July i, 1905, to June 30, 1906 ... 82, 610. 92 


-^ ew Bulletins: 


Total to be accounted for 84, 727. 85 

Refunded 2, 35 1 . 73 

, 376. 12 

Balance to be accounted for ...................... 

Applied as fees earned ....................... 80, 198. oo 

Balance carried over to July I, 1906: 

Trust funds ................... $i, 811. 16 

Unfinished business, July i, 1897, 

to June 30, 1906, nine years . . 366. 96 

2, 170. 12 

- 82. 376. 12 

Total fees earned and paid into the Treasury during the 

nine fiscal years from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1906 .... 607, 533. 50 
Total unfinished business for the nine years 366. 96 


Number of entries of United States productions recorded. . . . 108, 161 Registrations, 
Number of entries of foreign productions recorded 9, 543 etc " 

Total number of titles recorded 117, 704 

96 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Certificates Number of certificates of United States entries 27, 804 

Number of certificates of foreign entries I, 992 

Total number of certificates 29, 796 

Number of certified copies of record -. I, 843 

Number of assignments recorded 669 


Applied fees p ees f or entry o f titles, United States produc- 
tions, at 50 cents each $54, 080. 50 

Fees for entry of titles of foreign productions, 

at $i each 9, 543. oo 

Total fees for titles recorded $63, 623. 50 

Fees for certificates, United States entries, at 

50 cents each 13, 902. oo 

Fees for certificates, foreign entries, at 50 

cents each 996. oo 

Total fees for certificates 14, 898 .00 

FYes for certified copies of record, at 50 cents each 921. 50 

Fees for recording assignments 738. oo 

Searches made and charged for at the rate of 50 cents for 

each hour of time consumed 17. oo 

Total fees $80, 198. oo 


() Current work 

state of work The current work of the Office is kept well up to date, 
considering the fluctuations in the copyright business. 
During the 3'ear the title registrations have varied from 138 
in one day to 2,960 on another day. 

Accounts jt thi s date (July 5, 1906) the remittances received up 

to the third mail of the day have been recorded and 
acknowledged; the account books of the bookkeeping divi- 
sion are written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts 
rendered to the Treasury Department are settled up to and 
including the month of June, while earned fees to June 30, 
inclusive, have been paid into the Treasury. 

All copyright applications received up to and including 
June 30 have been passed upon and refunds made. The 
total unfinished business for the full nine years from July i, 
1*97, to June 30, 1906, amounts to but $366.96. 

Register of Copyrights 


At the close of business on July 5, 1906, notwithstanding Titles recorded 
the intervening Sunday and holiday (July 4), the titles for 
record in all classes had been dated, classified, and num- 
bered to July 3, and all titles had been indexed up to 
June 30. 

The articles of all classes deposited had been stamped, Deposits 
catalogued, and credited up to the receipts of June 30, 
inclusive, except Class A, books II and III, to June 23, 'and 
Class D, dramatic compositions, to June 25. 

The Catalogue of Copyright Entries had been brought 
forward to No. 782 of June 28, 1906. 

The certificate and noncertificate entries had been re- 
corded to June 30, inclusive, and certificates and notices of 
entry to the same date made, revised, and mailed. 

() Copyright business prior to July i, 1897 

Congress, in the appropriation act for the fiscal year just Arrears 
closed, continued the special force for work on the arrears 
of Copyright Office business prior to July i, 1897. The 
examination and arrangement of the mass of deposits has 
been continued, and 9,372 credited musical compositions 
(previously arranged by years of entry) have been given a 
more exact arrangement and convenient^ shelved for future 

Credited articles to the number of 50,045 (including 1,328 
pamphlets, 26,636 periodicals, 13,261 musical compositions, 
2,710 cuts and prints, and 3,064 photographs), have been 
filed away under year and number. In the work of credit- 
ing deposits 27,928 articles were handled, and 25,61 1 articles 
(including 12,495 musical compositions, 1,200 maps, 2,698 
cuts and prints, and 5,352 photographs), were credited and 
filed, those desired by the Library being forwarded to the 
shelves for use. In the case of 2,317 articles, identification 
and credit could not be made, and they were accordingly 
indexed and (except those desired by the Library) filed for 
convenient reference. 

Titles to the number of 31,497, entered prior to July i, 
1897, but heretofore filed only in rough bundles, have been 
collated, arranged, and permanently filed. 


98 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Catalogue of In pursuance of the plan to secure a complete index 

ram at ' 
sit ions 

dramatic combo- p~ <i 1 i 

tor all dramatic compositions registered, 17,840 index cards 

were made during the fiscal year. The cards thus made 
complete the catalogue and index for the entries for dra- 
matic compositions from July 10, 1870 (when the first reg- 
istrations were made in the Library of Congress) to 1897, 
and when added to the current cards for the registrations of 
dramatic compositions made since 1897 will secure a cata- 
logue of the titles of all dramas recorded during the period 
from 1870 to date. This catalogue it is hoped present!)' to 
print as a Copyright Office Bulletin. 

A similar plan in regard to registrations of photographs 
is under way, and 16,220 cards have been made during the 
year for such entries from 1870 on. 

Uncleared deposits 

rncieared de- Of the uncleared deposits accumulated in the Copyright 
Office prior to July i, 1897, there still remain a total of 
118,734 articles. Of these there are 4,207 articles which, 
after careful examination, it has not been possible to credit 
upon any entries made prior to the date of their receipt. 
The remaining 114,527 articles have been arranged by sub- 
jects, and 34,444 pamphlets and leaflets, 16,091 periodical 
numbers, 44,087 pieces of music, 7,190 insurance maps, 
7,384 engravings, cuts, and prints, 2,362 chromos, and 2,969 
posters, still- remain to be given further examination in the 
hope of discovering corresponding entries of titles upon 
which to credit them. 


/. I'roposcd 


During the fiscal year covered by this report important 
action has been taken in the direction of a revision of the 
copyright laws. Acting upon the suggestion of the chair- 
man of the Senate Committee on Patents, a series of con- 
ferences was called by the Librarian of Congress for the 
purpose of drafting a new copyright act. The first was 
held in New York City, near the end of the previous fiscal 

Register of Copyrights 99 

year, May 3i-June 2, 1905; the second, also in New York, 
on November 1-4, 1905; and the third, in the Library of 
Congress, on March 13-16, 1906. Following the discussions senate bm . 
in these conferences, a bill was drafted and introduced into 6 ^ : / A 
Congress on the 3ist of May, 1906, and referred to the 
committees on Patents of the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives. A first hearing on this bill was held in the 
Library of Congress before the two committees on patents, 
conjointly, on June 6, 7, 8, and 9, 1906, and it is expected 
that the bill will be given further consideration during the 
next session of Congress. With this in view I have pre- 
pared an edition of the full official text of the bill annotated Supplement to 
by references to all former copyright legislation of t 
United States (published as Copyright bulletin no. 12). 

During the fiscal year, in the first session of the Fifty- 
ninth Congress, a bill amending section 4956 of the Revised 
Statutes, relating to copyrights, was introduced in the House 
of Representatives on December 4, 1905, and printed as H. R. 
bill no. 90. This was a second presentation of H. R. bill no. 

House bill no. 90 

13355 f the Fifty-eighth Congress, second session, originally 
introduced on March 2, 1904, and passed by the House of 
Representatives on April 26, 1904. The House act was pre- 
sented to the Senate on December 6, 1904, referred to the 
Committee on Patents, and reported from that committee 
on February 15, 1905, with a recommendation that it be 
passed. It was then ordered to be printed. But on March 
3, 1905, when it was called, as being next in order, it was 
voted to go over. This bill provides that in the case of 
books copyrighted, an affidavit shall be filed that such books 
have been type set within the limits of the United States 
as required by the Act of March 3, 1891. 

On January 15, 1906, a bill to amend title 60, chapter 3, 
of the Revised Statutes of the United States, relating to n0m IJ943 
copyrights, was introduced into the House of Representa- 
tives by Mr. Bennet, of New York, referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents, and ordered to be printed as bill H. R. 
no. 11943. This bill provides as follows: 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 
forty-nine hundred and sixty-six of ^the Revised Statutes be, and 

ioo Report of tJic Librarian of Congress 

the same is hereby, amended so as to add at the end of said 
section the following: 

"Nothing in this act shall be so construed as to prevent the 

Rot tine; inns- . . . 

ical works renting of religious or secular works, such as oratorios, cantatas, 

masses, or octavo choruses from any person, musical library, or 
society, nor to prevent any person or society from obtaining cop- 
ies of any such \vork from any other person, society, or musical 
library owning the same." 

Hearings on this bill were held before the Committee on 
Patents of the House of Representatives on May 2 and 3, 
1906, and the proceedings printed/' The bill was reported 
from the House Committee with amendments on June 19, 
1906, the amended bill being printed on the same day, read- 
ing as follows: 

mu reported as T>c it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 

amended I 'ailed States of America in Congress assembled, That section 

forty-nine hundred and sixty-six of the Revised Statutes as 
amended by the act of January sixth, eighteen hundred and 
ninety-seven, be, and the same is hereby, further amended by 
adding at the end thereof the following: 

"Nothing in this act shall be so construed as to prevent the 
performance of religious or secular works, such as oratorios, can- 
tatas, masses, or octavo choruses by public schools, church 
choirs, or vocal societies rented or borrowed from some other pub- 
lic school, church choir, or vocal society, provided the perform- 
ance is given for charitable or educational purposes, and not for 

The House of Representatives reported this bill on June 
19, 1906 (59th Cong., ist sess., Report no. 4955). 

Repm-t of hear- ""Arguments before the Committee on Patents of the House of 

'bill no "a H HSe Re P resentatives on H - R - Ir 943. to amend title 60, chapter 3, of the 
Revised Statutes of the United vStates relating to copyrights, May 2-3, 
1906." 2 parts, 25 pp., 23 pp., 8vo., Washington, Government Print- 
ing Office, 1906. 

NOTE. A letter from Herman Fromme, counsel for Fred N. Innis, 
Director of Musical Festivities Throughout the United States, and 
others, New York, was printed in the report of the hearings on the 
bill to amend the patent laws: "Arguments before the Committee on 
Patents of the House of Representatives on H. R. bill no. 18851, May 
17, 1906," pp. 8-10. 

Register of Copyrights 101 

//. Copyright treaty 

During the fiscal year the first treaty of the United States 
dealing exclusively with copyright was negotiated with 
Japan and ratified by the Senate on February 28, 1906." 
This treat}^ provides that the citizens or subjects of each of 
these countries shall enjoy in the dominions of the other the 
protection of copyright for works of literature and art, 
including photographs, on the same basis on which pro- 
tection is granted to the citizens or subjects of the other 
country. It is specially provided, however, that this pro- 
tection shall not include the exclusive right of translation. 
The full text of the treaty, together with the laws of Japan 
in force, the earlier Japanese laws, and a bibliographical 
list of all the copyright laws of that country, has been pub- 
lished by the Copyright Office as bulletin no. u. 6 

Respectfully submitted 


Register of Copyrights 


Librarian of Congress 

a An earlier treaty between the United States and China for the 
extension of commercial relations between them (January 13, 1904) 
contained an article relating to copyright, and on January 15, 1892, a 
diplomatic "agreement" was entered into between the United States 
and Germany for the reciprocal protection of literary property, but 
this was not submitted to the Senate for ratification. 

& "Copyright in Japan. Law of March 3, 1899, and Copyright Con- 
vention between the United States and Japan, May 10, 1906, together 
with the text of Earlier Enactments. Prepared under the direction 
of Thorvald Solberg, Register of Copyrights." 3 p. l.+so pp. 8 vo. ' 
Washington, Government Printing Office, 1906. (Copyright Office 
Bulletin no n.) 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXHIBIT A Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and 

fees applied for fiscal vcar ending June jo, 7006 

Gross cash 








$5 77Q Q8 

$5 642 86 

6 071 25 

5 904 19 

5 7"H 5 

October ... 

6, 405. 60 
6, 789. 36 

239- 82 
190. 85 

6, 165. 78 
6, 598. 51 

6, 171.50 
6, 752. oo 




9, 321. 94 

229. 84 

211. 19 

233. 47 

6, 081. 10 


9, 088. 47 

5, 802. oo 

9, 719. oo 


6, 259. 18 
6, 965. 43 

190. 66 
167. oo 

6, 068. 52 
6, 798. 43 

6, 076. 50 
6, 777. 50 


6 954 68 

6 730 66 


6 814 08 

205 52 

6 608 56 

7 020 50 


6 957 45 

155 18 

6 802 27 

6, 556. oo 


82 610 92 

2 351 73 

80 259 19 

80 198.00 

Balance brought forward from June 30, 1905 $2, 116.93 

Gross receipts July i, 1905, to June 30, 1906 82, 610. 92 

84, 727. 85 



I Y ess amount refunded 

To be accounted for 

Balance carried forward July i, 1906: 

Trust funds 

Unfinished business 

Fees applied July i, 1905, to June 30, 1906. 

. 82,376.12 

$1,811. 16 

2, 178. 12 

80, 198. oo 

Register of Copyrights 103 

EXHIBIT B Statement of fees paid into Treasury 









$i, 200.00 

Jan. 2 


$2, OOO. OO 

4s8 oo 

24 .. 


I, 200.00 



1, OOO. OO 


I, 2OO. OO 



2, TOO OO 

Aug. 4 
14 - 


5 1 5 

720. 50 
I, 2OO OO 


Feb. 5 


I, 800. 00 


1, 319 oo 



S4 6 

Scot s 





i, 400 oo 


5 1 9 

"500 oo 

Mar. 5 





i 500. oo 



I, 176.50 

Oct 2 


SS 2 

i, 506 oo 






i, 700 oo 


5 . 


377 50 




I, 2OO. OO 

5 2 7 

i, 400 oo 



i, 500. oo 

Nov 4 

c 2 8 

852 oo 




5 2 9 

500. oo 



2, 000. 00 



I, 2OO. OO 

May 4 



53 1 

i, 400 oo 





i , 750 oo 

Dec. 4 


350. oo 







i, 400. oo 



i, 400 oo 

June 4 


300. oo 




I, 470.50 



i, 700. oo 



i, 400. oo 





I, 500.00 

July 2 


i, 500. oo 


57 1 



80, 198.00 

UB 1906 8 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

KXHIKIT (^Record of applied fees 

/ i 

V 3 










2| g 




| g | 






! U "t> 



5 1 *" 1 o 





e C S 





rt 4 ^ 




















$575- oo 


$3, 833- 


$4, 408. oo 







3, 840. 5 

8, 337 

4, 496. 50 



September . . 













4, 472- 50 


5, 305- 50 



November. . . 


797. oo 


3, 760. oo 




69. oo 

December . . . 


i , 049. oo 


4, 943-^50 

10, 936 









7, 309. oo 

15, 358 

8, 049. oo 



February. . . 




3, 950. 50 




60. 50 





4, 33. 5 


5, 297- 50 























776. oo 


4, 440. oo 


5 216. oo 

I O6. ^O 

Total . . 

9, 5 


9, 543 

9, 543- 

108, 161 

54, 080. 50 














^ ^ 






o ,_ 








+> rt 



*J rt 










cd ^* 


<u S 




c B 












3 U X 
















JgGS. 50 

2, 073 



$37- oo 


$39- oo 

f 5, 520. 50 



i, 074! oo 






5, 734- 50 

September . . 




I, 162.00 


53- 50 



6, 171.50 










6, 752. oo 

November. . . 

2 083 



I, 110.50 


73- 5. 


61. oo 

5, 802. oo 

December . . . 









7, 458. oo 











$5. oo 


February. .. . 

2, 2l8 

i, 109.00 

2, 339 






i.oo 6,076.50 


i, 198.00 

2, 599 






5.00 6,777.50 











2, 4OO 

I, 2OO. OO 




73- 5 



7, 020. 50 


T, 101.50 





6, 556. oo 

Total . . 

13,902.00^9,796 14,898.00,1,843 




17.0080, 198.00 

Register of Copyrights 

EXHIBIT D Copyright business (monthly comparison}. Annual 
report for the fiscal year July /, sooj, to June 30, 1906 

[Comparative monthly statement of gross cash receipts, executed business, 
number of entries, daily averages, etc.] 


Gross receipts 

Business executed 











$5, 779- 98 
6, 405. 60 
6, 789. 36 

6, 259. 18 
6, 965- 43 
6, 957- 45 

334- 35 
383- 76 



3, 062. 76 

140. 60 


224. 8( 

256. 2: 

261. r 


272. i; 
257- 9' 
278. i? 
267- 5< 

> $5, 520. 50 
5, 734- 50 
6, 17^50 
5, 802. oo 

6, 076. 50 
6, 777- 5 
6, 610.00 
7, 020. 50 
6, 556. oo 


580. 50 

1 , 656. 00 



$220. 82 
259. 69 

373- 80 
264. 19 
264. 40 
252- 15 

September . . 
November.. . 
December . . . 

February. . . . 

Total . . 

3, 642. 50 

706. 25 

167. 50 
464. 50 



82,610. 92 

80, 198. oo 


Number of entries 






average , 



September . . 
November . . 
December . . . 

February. . . 

Total . . 




8, 66 1 

8, 241 

10, 936 

15, 358 
o, 402 






, 356 






1 08, 161 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 




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8 8, 

^ S 

3 s~ 

-5 8, 


8 $&&jlt 

io i*-* i- 1 r* oo ^ i>> 
10 o *o" vd* \n ^ & 

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Register of Copyrights 










ber of 









1897-98 . . 


55, 926. 50 

75, 545 

1898-99 . . 

64, 185. 65 

3, 086. 09 


2, 340. 50 


5, 423 

1901-2 .. . 
1902-3 . . . 
1903-4 . . . 

69, 525- 25 
75, 302. 83 

6, 886. 68 


I, 120. 17 

65, 206. oo 
64, 687. oo 

68, 874. 50 
72, 629. oo 

6, 939. oo 


94, 79 8 
92, 35i 
92, 978 
97, 979 
103, 130 

13, *3 



999- 50 
4, 187.50 
3, 754- 50 

3, 768. 92 

1904-5 . . . 
1905-6 . . . 

80, 440. 56 

5, 137- 73 

78, 058. oo 
80, 198. oo 


2, 140. 00 



EXHIBIT F Table of entries of titles made during the fiscal years 
1901-2, 1902-3, 1903-4, 1904-5, and 1905-6, arranged by classes 






Class A. Books: 

(a) Books (vols.) and pamphlets 



15, 8 7 

16, 037 

15, 504 

(b) Booklets, leaflets, circulars, cards. 






(c) Newspaper and magazine articles. 


8, 050 


10, 457 



24, 272 

26, 466 

27, 824 

29 860 

29 261 

Class B. Periodicals (numbers) 

21, 071 

22, 625 



23, 163 

Class C. Musical compositions 


21, l6l 

23, II0 

24, 595 

26, 435 

Class D. Dramatic compositions 


I, 608 



' 1,879 

I 708 

i 767 

i 8-u 

Class F. Engravings, cuts, and prints. . . . 


5,54 6 



10, 946 

Class G. Chromos and lithographs . . ... 






Class H. Photographs 



14, 534 

15, 139 


Class I. Fine arts: Paintings, drawings, 

and sculpture 






Grand total 

92, 978 

97, 979 

103, 130 



I 10 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 

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2 2 

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- 3 




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a -2 3 

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p o a 


Appendix III 

COPYRIGHT BILL (S. 6330, H. K. 19853) 


Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Committee: 

The origin of the bill before you is indicated in the mes- 
sage of the President to Congress last December. The pas- 
sage is as follows: 

"Our copyright laws urgently need revision. They are imper- 
fect in definition, confused and inconsistent in expression; they 
omit provision for many articles which, under modern reproduc- 
tive processes, are entitled to protection; they impose hardships 
upon the copyright proprietor which are not essential to the fair 
protection of the public; they are difficult for the courts to inter- 
pret and impossible for the Copyright Office to administer with 
satisfaction to the public. Attempts to improve them by amend- 
ment have been frequent, no less than twelve acts for the purpose 
having been passed since the Revised Statutes. To perfect them 
by further amendment seems impracticable. A complete revision 
of them is essential. Such a revision, to meet modern conditions, 
has been found necessary in Germany, Austria, Sweden, and other 
foreign countries, and bills embodying it are pending in Bngland 
and the Australian colonies. It has been urged here, and pro- 
posals for a commission to undertake it have, from time to time, 
been pressed upon the Congress. The inconveniences of the pres- 
ent conditions being so great, an attempt to frame appropriate 
legislation has been made by the Copyright Office, which has 
called conferences of the various interests especially and prac- 
tically concerned with the operation of the copyright laws. It 
has secured from them suggestions as to the changes necessary; 
it has added from its own experience and investigations, and it 
has drafted a bill which embodies such of these changes and 
additions as, after full discussion and expert criticism, appeared 
to be sound and safe. In form this bill would replace the exist- 
ing insufficient and inconsistent laws by one general copyright 
statute. It will be presented to the Congress at the coming ses- 
sion. It deserves prompt consideration." 

H2 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

So far the message. The actual origin of the project was 
a suggestion informal by you, Mr. Chairman, that the 
Copyright Office should call the Conference. 

The Conferences were not open public meetings, nor 
formal conventions. They were merely conferences of 
organizations specially invited that is to say, associations 
representing a group of interests; and the organizations 
selected were all the most representative organizations 
that we could think of, or that were brought to our atten- 
tion, as having practical concern in the amelioration of the 
law, but especially those concerned in an affirmative way 
that is, in the protection of the right. They were nearly 
thirty in number. The list of them and their representatives 
is before you. They are the writers of books, the writers 
of plays, the composers of music, the architects, painters 
and sculptors, the photographers and photo-engravers, the 
publishers of books, newspapers, periodicals, music and 
prints, and also the manufacturers printers, typographers, 
lithographers. The conference included, therefore, those 
interests that abroad are considered primary: that is, the 
creators of the works which are to be protected, and the 
publishers through whom Ihe property in them becomes 
effective and remunerative; but it included under each of 
these genera several species and it added various subsidiary 
interests. It included the National Education Association 
and the American Library Association, as representing to 
some extent the consumers; and in addition to the legal 
counsel representing special interests it included two com- 
mittees of the American Bar Association and of the New 
York Bar Association of experts upon copyright law, who 
gave gratuitous service as general advisers to the Confer- 
ences and in the framing of theHaill. Upon questions of 
importation the Conference had the benefit of information 
and advice from a representative of the Treasury Depart- 
ment expert in the practice of that Department at ports of 

The Solicitor-General was not a formal participant; but 
his representative was present throughout as an observer of 
the proceedings; and if I do not emphasize the aid which 
he and the Solicitor- General himself rendered in later infor- 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 113 

mal criticism and suggestion it is only because the practice 
of his office forbids him to initiate legislation-, and his 
assistance in this must not be taken as a precedent to his 

The Conferences have included three general meetings (in 
June and November of last year and in March of this year), 
occupying eleven days of two sessions each; but they in- 
cluded also special consultations and much correspondence 
in the interims. 

At the outset each organization was invited to state the 
respects in which it deemed the present law defective or 
injurious, either to its particular interest, or in its estima- 
tion to the general interest; and discussion was had of 

The second Conference had before it a memorandum 
[Bulletin No. 10], prepared by the Register, embodying 
provisions deemed by the Office important for consideration 
at that stage. 

The third Conference had before it a revision of this mem- 
orandum. It resulted in the draft of a bill which was sent 
to each participant for his comment and suggestion. And 
the bill itself is before you. 

We would have no misunderstanding as to what this bill 
is. It is a bill resulting from the conferences, but it is not 
a "conference bill," for the conference did not draw it, nor 
did the conference by explicit vote or otherwise determine 
its provisions. It is rather a Copyright Office bill. The 
Office submits it as embodying what, with the best counsel 
available, including the Conference, it deems worthy of your 
consideration. But in calling the Conferences and in sub- 
mitting the draft it has proceeded upon your suggestion, 
Mr. Chairman. Apart from the chapter relating to its own 
administration, it has no direct interest in the bill, except 
its general interest to secure a general amelioration of the 
law. It does not offer the bill to you as the unanimous 
decision of a council of experts, for it contains certain pro- 
visions as to which expert opinion, as well as substantial 
interest, was divided. It does not offer the bill to you as 
tested by general discussion, for the bill is only now before 
the public. It knows already of objection to certain of its 

ii4 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

provisions objection which will be entitled to be heard, and 
it is informed by one critic desiring to be heard that his 
objections lie against fully half the provisions in the bill. 

The bill comes before you with precisely such presump- 
tion as its history entitles it to; no less than this, but no 

The Conference had certain aids, prepared in advance by 
the Copyright Office: in particular these half dozen publi- 
cations a showing the existing statute law in this and other 
countries, all prior enactments in this country, and even a 
list of the various unenacted bills which represent previous 
attempts at amendment. 

The Conferences,' as I have stated, occupied twenty-two 
sessions. Their labors are evidenced by these four volumes 
of type- written matter, which are the stenographer's min- 
utes of the proceedings. The sincerity of the endeavor for 
a result that should be scientific yet conservative is evidenced 
by the brevity of the bill. The memorandum of last No- 
vember contained some sixteen thousand words; that of 
March contained some eleven thousand words; the bill before 
you contains little over eight thousand words. The group 
of statutes which embody existing law comprise about 
four thousand words, and they are imperfect, and neither 
organic nor systematic. 

The bill attempts to be both. It is divided, as you see, 
into eight chapters, with some supplementary miscellaneous 
provisions. These chapters are: The nature and extent of 
copyright; The subject-matter of copyright; Who may ob- 
tain copyright; How to secure copyright; The duration of 
copyright; The protection of copyright; The transfer of 
copyright; and The Copyright Office. 

(i) A Statement of the Copyright Laws of the United States as in 
force March 3, 1905. (2) Copyright Knaetments within the United 
States (1783-1900). [Bulletin No. 3.] (3) Copyright in Congress, 
1789-1904 (including complete bibliography of bills, etc.). [Bulletin 
No. 8.] (4) The Provisions of the United States Copyright Laws, 
with some parallel provisions of foreign copyright laws. [Bulletin 
No. 9.] (5) Special Report on Copyright Legislation, with a bibli- 
ographic list of foreign copyright laws in force in 1903. (6) Special 
bulletins on Copyright in Canada, Copyright in Kngland, Copyright 
Protection in the British Dominions and the Berne Convention. 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 115 

I have furnished to your Committee some analysis of it, 
particularly noting the points in which it abrogates existing 
provisions of law and the more significant respects in which 
it modifies or amplifies them. The provisions of existing 
law which are abrogated are very few; not so many, indeed, 
as appears under that heading of the memorandum I sent 
you, because some of these are mere modifications. But the 
phraseology of existing law is only here and there recogniz- 
able in the bill. This is because the bill attempts to be 
systematic and organic; and, second, because it has sought 
general terms, wherever descriptive, rather than particular 
specifications. Especially has it preferred this where the 
specifications might be limiting. This, as I have noted in 
the memorandum submitted to you, is particularly illus- 
trated by its treatment of the "subject-matter." The bill 
contains only the general statement that it is to include ' ' all 
the works of an author, ' ' leaving the term ' ' author " to be 
as broad as the Constitution intended: and as you know 
the courts have followed Congress in construing it to include 
the originator in the broadest sense, just as they have held 
"writings," as used in the Constitution, to intend not 
merely literary but also artistic productions. Certain speci- 
fications follow, but coupled with the proviso that they shall 
not be held to limit the subject-matter. 

The specifications (sec. 5) substitute so far as possible 
general terms for particulars. They omit, for instance, the 
terms "engravings, cuts, lithographs, painting, chromo, 
statue and statuary." They assume, however, that these 
will be included under the more general terms as "prints 
and pictorial illustrations, " or " reproductions of a work of 
art," or "works of art," or "models or designs for works 
of art." The term "works of art" is deliberately intended 
as a broader specification than ' ' works of the fine arts ' ' in 
the present statute, with the idea that there is subject- 
matter (e. g. of applied design, yet not within the province 
of Design patents) which may properly be entitled to pro- 
tection under the copyright law. 

The attempt to substitute general terms for particulars is 
evidenced also in both the definition of the right and of the 
acts which constitute an infringement of the right. The 

n6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

present .statute (sec. 4952) defines the right to consist in 
"the sole liberty" to do certain things. The bill (sec. i) 
defines the right to be "the sole and exclusive right" to 
do certain things, and it specifies those things; but its spec- 
ifications are in terms very different from those in the pres- 
ent statute. The present statute (sees. 4965, 4966) specifies 
certain acts which are to be deemed an infringement. The 
bill, having defined the right of the copyright proprietor as 
the exclusive right to do certain things, defines an infringe- 
ment to consist in the doing or causing to be done without 
his consent of any of these things, the right to do or to 
authorize which is reserved to him. It contents itself with 
this, adding only the one specification that ' ' any reproduc- 
tion ' ' without his consent ' ' of any work or material part of 
any work in which [his] copyright is subsisting ' ' shall be 
an infringement. 

So as to the person who may obtain copyright. The 
present statute (sec. 4951) mentions the "author, inventor, 
designer or proprietor," and elsewhere (sec. 4957) the 
"originator." The bill rests with the term used in the 
Constitution, "author," and the additional term, "pro- 
prietor, ' ' which is not merely in the existing statutes but 
has been construed in a series of judicial decisions. 

Copyright consists in the exclusive right, within a defined 
period, to do certain things with certain subject-matter and 
to prevent other people from doing them. The fundamen- 
tal provisions in a copyright law are, therefore, these: (i) 
What is the subject-matter; (2) What are the acts; (3) How 
may the exclusive right to do them be secured; and (4) Who 
may secure it? Now on the third point the bill modifies 
substantially the existing requirements of law. These make 
deposit and registration a condition precedent: they require 
the deposit to be at least coincident with the publication , 
and they stipulate that failure to comply precisely with this 
requirement shall avoid the copyright ab initio. 

The bill (sec. 9) initiates the copyright from the date 
of the publication of the work with the notice of copyright 
affixed. vSo in effect does the present law, provided the 
de-posit and registration be effected then. But by the bill 
the publication with notice not merely initiates the copy- 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 117 

right: it "secures" it. Deposit and registration in the 
Copyright Office are still requisite: but a reasonable period 
after publication is allowed for them. The period is thirty 
days, and, in the case of error or omission, may be even an 
entire year; but with the proviso that after thirty days no 
action for infringement can be brought until these formali- 
ties have been complied with. 

The right is to be exclusive ' ' for a limited period. ' ' This . 
period is now twenty-eight years, with a possible renewal 
for fourteen more; a maximum, therefore,, of forty-two 
3^ears. The bill abolishes renewals and provides for three 
terms according to the subject-matter. The shortest is 
twenty-eight years for labels and prints relating to articles 
of manufacture. The second fifty years is substantially 
identical with the present maximum. It applies to some 
original, and all derivative, works. It would probably cover 
the majority of the copyright entries. The longest the 
life of the author and fifty years after his death applies 
only to original works, but to most original works. 

Upon the reason and merit of these terms, especially the 
last, you will doubtless hear discussion. I merely call them 
to your attention, with these suggestions, which have been 
urged upon us: 

First. That the present term of forty-two years makes no 
certain provision for the author himself during his lifetime, 
nor for his immediate family after his death. These are 
grave defects. They are not disposed of by the fact that 
only a small percentage of authors or their families take 
advantage of the present privilege of renewal. 

Second. That a term as long as life and fifty years exists 
in no less than fifteen countries, including France; that 
England, with a minimum term of life and seven years, pro- 
poses one of life and thirty years; and Germany, with one 
of life and thirty years, is discussing one of life and fifty 
years; and 

Third. That a common disposition to question a long 
term for copyrights on the ground that a short term suffices 
for patents is based on false analogy. Literary or artistic 
works and useful inventions may equally be the creations 
of the mind, and they are coupled in the Constitution, but 

u8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

only as deserving protection. Their character and the dura- 
tion of the protection required by each may be very differ- 
ent. It is very different. The monopoly is different, the 
returns to the creator are different, the interests of the pub- 
lic are different. The monopoly by patent in an invention 
is a complete monopoly of the idea; the monopoly by copy- 
right in a literary or artistic work is a monopoly only of the 
particular expression of an idea. The inventor's exclusive 
control of his idea may bar innumerable other inventions of 
importance to the public; the author's or artist's exclusive 
control of his particular expression bars no one but a mere 
reproducer. The returns to an inventor are apt to be quick; 
the returns to an author are apt to be slow and in a book 
the slower in proportion to its .serious merit. The returns 
to a successful inventor are large; the returns even to a suc- 
cessful author or artist are but moderate. The idea covered 
by an invention or discovery may concern the essential wel- 
fare, even the lives, of the public, and should be freely 
available at the earliest moment not unjust to the inventor. 
No particular book or work of art none, at least, currently 
copyrighted can be said to be essential to the welfare or 
protection of the community. Many a man's pleasure may 
be enhanced by it, and some men's profit; but no man's 
essential \velfare depends upon it, and no man's life save 
perhaps the author's own. 

Remedies In no respect are the present statutes asserted 
to be less satisfactory than in their provisions for the pro- 
tection of the right, and redress to the copyright proprietor 
for an invasion of it. One inconvenience is that they pro- 
vide a different class of remedies and recoveries for different 
subject-matter; another is that they confuse the duty of 
the Government to punish a deliberate piracy, as it would 
any other theft, with the right of the copyright proprietor 
to compensation for his particular losses. The bill pro- 
vides uniform remedies; and it divorces the civil action 
from the criminal. As the Memorandum states this: ' 'Pen- 
allies imposed for acts in the nature of misdemeanors are 
no longer to be shared by the United States with a person 
suing for them ; " nor " are sums recovered by way of com- 
pensation to the copyright proprietor to be shared by him 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 119 

with the United States." Nor is his right to recover such 
sums to be imperiled by the necessity of proving that the 
defendant has committed an offense against the community 
as well as profited at his expense. 

The deliberate theft of a dramatic or musical composition 
by the wilful performance of it for profit without the assent 
of the author or proprietor is now by law a misdemeanor. 
The Conference could not see why this provision should not 
apply to any infringement which is both wilful and for 
profit. Section 25 extends it to all such. 

The existing provision [Rev. Stat., sec. 4966] providing 
remedies and penalties for infringement of dramatic and 
musical copyrights is of great moment to the dramatists and 
composers. And now that it is merged in the general pro- 
visions of this and other sections of the bill they are in great 
apprehension lest it may suffer accident, if accident befall 
these. To guard against this, the general repealing clause 
of the bill excepts and continues in force section 4966 of the 
Revised Statutes. But it does so with the intention that 
this exception shall be dropped in case the general pro- 
visions stand. 

The reason or merit of these and other provisions of the 
bill will at the proper time have to be made clear to you, if 
challenged. That is no part of my present duty, which is 
merely to introduce the bill to your attention with some 
explanation as to how it came to be and some note of its 
leading features. But I except two matters. I do so to 
avoid misapprehension; and I feel free to do so because 
both involve the administration of the Copyright Office. 
One is as to fees. The impression has gone out that the 
fee for registration is to be doubled. The fee for registration 
is now fifty cents; but fifty cents additional is charged for 
the certificate, when furnished. The proposed fee is $i; 
but this is to include the certificate, which is to be furnished 
in every case as a matter of course. It ought to be fur- 
nished; and no claimant of copyright ought to rest easy 
without it. It is the evidence of registration and deposit 
indispensable formalities; and it is now to be prima facie 
evidence in a court of law. If the copyright is worth the 
LIB 1906 9 

I2O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

fifty cents for registration, it would certainly seem worth the 
additional fifty cents for the certificate. 

On the other hand, the bill tends to reduce the aggregate 
fees payable by any one publisher and the aggregate 
receipts of the Office by enabling a number of volumes 
of the same work, and, in the case of photographs, prints, 
and like articles, an entire series, if registered at the same 
time, to be registered for a single fee. 

The other matter is that of the copyright deposits. The 
value of these is now prodigious. During last year alone 
the articles deposited numbered over 200,000. A large pro- 
portion of these are of great value to the Library and are 
drawn up into it. The remain in the cellar. The ac- 
cumulations in the cellar now number a million and a half 
items. Many of these would be useful in other Govern- 
ment libraries; some of them might be useful in exchange 
with other libraries; a few might have value in exchange 
with dealers. The remainder are a heavy charge upon the 
Government for storage and care, without any corresponding 
benefit. They ought to be returned to the copyright pro- 
prietors if they want them, or, if not wanted, destroyed. 

Such dispositions are, I believe, already within the au- 
thority of law; but it is fair that they should be expressed. 
The bill (sees. 58 and 59) definitely expresses them. I 
ask your attention to them in due course. They have been 
accepted by the Conferences, and therefore by the interests 
outside of the Government most nearly concerned with 
their operation. But they may awaken some apprehension 
elsewhere because of a quite common misunderstanding of 
the significance of the deposit and its relation to the copy- 
right protection. The original purpose of such deposits 
was the enrichment of the Library. This is clear from 
their history, both in this country and abroad. They were 
made a condition of securing copyright, but they had no 
continuing relation to the copyright once secured. In 
France, for instance, they were for the benefit and use of 
the Royal Library; in England they were once for the 
benefit and use of eleven libraries, and are now for the 
benefit and use of five libraries; but no one of these libra- 
ries is the office of registration for copyrights. The first 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 121 

statute requiring them in this country was that of Massa- 
chusetts in 1783, and the statute read that the copyright 
proprietor should "present'' 1 two copies of his work to the 
library of Harvard University ' 'for the use of said univer- 
sity. ' ' But neither that library nor the university was made 
the office of registration for copyrights. 

The first act which provided for a deposit in the Library 
of Congress was the act of 1846; and this specified that the 
copy "delivered" was "for the use" of the Library. It 
required a second copy to be " delivered ' ' to the librarian 
of the Smithsonian "for the use" of that library. Neither 
library was then the Copyright Office, nor had anything to 
do with registrations. In 1867 the library of the Smithso- 
nian became a part of the Library of Congress; and the act 
of 1870 specified two copies to be addressed to the Library 
of Congress. 

But by this same act the Library of Congress became the 
office of registration for copyrights; and from that time, 
and because the failure to deposit not later than the date of 
publication actually avoided the copyright, an impression 
has grown up that the articles deposited are an integral part 
of the record of registration and have a peculiar sanctity as 
such. The fact of the deposit has been, and will be, an 
integral part of the record: and in times past this could 
most readily be proved by the stamp upon the articles them- 
selves, the law providing neither for a certificate to the 
claimant admitting the receipt nor an entry in the office 
records showing it. But hereafter the fact of deposit will 
be proved by the certificate itself. 

There is an impression that the copies deposited are nec- 
essary evidenced the thing copyrighted; that they are, there- 
fore, essential in litigation. During the past thirty-six years 
we have record of only four cases in which they have been 
summoned into court, and in these the necessity was not 
obvious. For the matter of that, however, there is little 
prospect that any article of sufficient importance to be sub- 
ject of litigation would be deliberate!} 7 destroyed or would 
fail to be drawn into the permanent collections of the 

122 Report of the 'Librarian of Congress 

Having indicated something of what the bill is, let me 
add a word as to what it is not: 

First. It is not a codification of the Common law. Even 
more than the present statutes it leaves to the courts to 
determine the meaning and extent of terms already con- 
strued by the courts. It does this even in cases w r here the 
temptation was strong to define and where foreign statutes 
attempt definition: who is an "author?" for instance; what 
is "publication?" in the case of works not reproduced in 
copies for sale; what is " fair use? " Many such definitions 
were proposed and discussed, but deliberately omitted as 

Second. It does not attempt to regulate relations between 
authors and publishers which are, or may be, matter of par- 
ticular contract. 

Third. It is not an attempt at abstract and theoretic per- 
fection; nor is it an attempt to transplant to this country 
theoretic, or what might be charged to be sentimental, pro- 
visions of foreign law. It tries to be a bill possible for this 
country at this time and under conditions local here. 

It contains some provisions which are neither theoretically 
sound, nor according to modern usage abroad, nor satisfac- 
tory to particular participants in the Conferences. These 
are a compromise between principle and expediency, or 
between one interest and another within the Conferences. 
The bill is a compromise. I doubt if there is a single par- 
ticipant whom it satisfies in every particular. 

Fourth. The bill is not a mere congeries of provisions pro- 
posed by a selfish group each member of which was consid- 
ering solely his own particular interest. If it were, it would 
have required but one session of the Conference instead of 
twenty-two. It contains, of course, some provisions which 
concern only particular interests for instance, the provision 
as to "sound-records," or that as to affidavit of domestic 
manufacture; but these are few and easily distinguishable. 
We trust that they will be distinguished, and full opporttinity 
given for the criticism of them by opposing interests, if such 
develop; _and in case of the sound-records we are advised 
that they are likely to. The bill as a whole is the result of 
a sincere attempt to frame a reasonable general statute. I 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 123 

say "sincere" and I feel the right to say it, because I fol- 
lowed the Conferences closely and had the best opportunity 
to observe their temper and disposition. If some of the 
interests were "selfish" in one direction, they found oppo- 
sition in the "selfishness" of others in another direction; 
and both were under criticism from the general advisers and 
under the influence and example of the main body. And 
neither such interests nor any others participating initiated 
the Conference nor determined its composition nor controlled 
its proceedings. The Conference was initiated by the Copy- 
right Office; it was composed of organizations invited by 
the Office; and it was theoretically held in the Office. The 
Librarian presided at it; and except for the purpose of some 
formal resolutions it did not "organize" at all or in any 
other way pass out of his control. 

But if the bill reveal some ' ' selfishness "it is perhaps a 
selfishness condonable. It is, after all, but the selfishness 
of men trying to protect their own property. The bill has 
this purpose. It does not create a new species of property; 
it merely provides for one recognized by the Constitution 
and already by statute. It does not withdraw from one 
man his property in favor of another; it merely secures 
against untimely expropriation, to the man who has created 
it, a species of property which peculiarly requires the pro- 
tection of the law, because the very act publication which 
makes it remunerative lays it open to expropriation; and 
which is peculiarly entitled to the protection of the law 
because it is this very act, and this alone, which makes it 
of use to the public. And it secures this property not per- 
manently, but only against an untimely expropriation: 
one which would deprive the author of his fair return and 
the public of that enrichment which comes of progress in 
literature and the arts. 

But the public, it may be said, was not represented at the 
conferences. The public in this matter, Mr. Chairman, 
belongs to one of four classes: (i) He is the original pro- 
ducer, publisher or manufacturer of the copyright work; or 
(2) he is one who enjoys the work as a consumer; or (3) he 
is one who wishes to utilize the work in some other work, 
or to reproduce and market it for his own benefit, when 

124 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

either of these can be done innocently; or (4) he is the stu- 
dent and critic of the rights and obligations of property and 
of the regulation of this by law. There may be a fifth 
class the mere "pirate." He, to be sure, was not invited 
to the Conferences; but I do not suppose he will be to 
your hearings. 

But the innocent reproducer was not unrepresented at the 
Conferences nor in the discussions: in fact, most of the pro- 
ducers were also reproducers and quite insistent upon their 
convenience as such. The original producers, publishers 
and manufacturers were there as of right; and the student 
and critic through their interest and public spirit. As for 
the consumers, two considerable groups were actually rep- 
resented, and more would have been if organizations could 
have been found to represent them. Others also spoke for 
them. But, Mr. Chairman, it is in the interest of the con- 
sumer, just because it is in the interest of the producer, that 
copyright laws are chiefly designed, have been designed 
from time immemorial, and were called for by the Constitu- 
tion. And if this proposed one fails fairly to regard his 
interests, its defects will surely be brought to your attention 
by the great third estate, which is jealous for them the 
newspaper and periodical press. For the bill is now before 
the country. 

Finally, Mr. Chairman, notwithstanding the labor put 
upon it, the bill is probably still imperfect in expressing its 
intentions; and I have no doubt that while it is under con- 
sideration those especially concerned will ask leave to sub- 
mit to you some amendments of phraseology. I understand 
that any such amendments proposed by participants in the 
Conference will be communicated first to the Copyright 
Office, so that they may be formulated by the Register for 
your convenient consideration; and the Office will as gladly 
do the same for any that may reach it from other sources. 

The relation of the Office to this project has been peculiar. 
That alone has excused me in introducing the bill to you. 
Having introduced it, the Office will, with your permission, 
relapse into its more normal position of informant to your 
Committee on matters of fact, and an adviser, when its opin- 
ion is asked. With the general structure of the bill, iuclud- 

Copyright Bill Statement by the Librarian 125 

ing the effect of proposed phraseology, the Office is necessa- 
rily concerned. Upon the general principles involved, and 
upon matters of practice, the Office will naturally have an 
opinion, and may not avoid ultimately expressing this, even 
though in doing so it incidentally support a provision which 
concerns particularly a particular interest. It can not 
avoid this where a bill is referred to it by your Committee 
for its opinion; still less can it do so in the present case, 
where it is itself in possession of the reasons which induced 
the various provisions and the principles supposed to under- 
lie them. It must, as occasion requires, expound the bill. 
Mere advocacy, however, of particular provisions it must 
leave to others. 

Appendix IV 


I. GIFTS, 1905-6 

From Miss Margarite Anderson, Lyndon, Ohio: 

"International Peace Song." "The Peace-Makers." Poems by 

the donor. A. D. S. 
From Mrs. Levi Ankeny, Walla Walla, Washington: 

Nesmith, James W. Broadside against J. Quinn Thornton. 

Oregon City, 1847, June 7. 
From Prof. John Spencer Bassett, Durham, N. C. : 

North Carolina, Glasgow Land Frauds. Papers relating thereto, 

1797, Dec. [Typewritten transcripts.] 
From M. E. Beall, Washington, D. C. : 

"El Ydeal," A Manuscript newspaper, published by Jose" Porrata. 

ist year, No. 5. 1905, July 18. 
From William Beer, New Orleans, La. : 

Papers relating to military matters in Mississippi, 1862-1868. Bills, 

certificates of destruction of property, correspondence, etc. 
From Boston Public Library: 

Broadside issued on occasion of erecting statue to Daniel Webster. 

Boston, 1859, Sept. 17. 
From Luigi di Carlo, Tivoli, Italy: 

Excerpts from Poems, 1905. "Alia grande e celebre Biblioteca del 

Congresso in Washington." A. D. (In Italian) 
From State of Connecticut: 

Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. Broadside. 
Proclamation for Arbor and Bird Day, 1902. Broadside. 
From Connecticut State Library: 

Proclamation for Arbor and Bird Day, 1906. Broadside. 
Proclamation for Fast Day, 1906. Broadside. 
Proclamation for Flag Day, 1906. Broadside. 
From Edward St. John Fairman, Florence, Italy: 

Pastime poetry. Verse in autograph and print. 
From Wendell Phillips Garrison, New York City: 

Correspondence, 1905-1906. 
From Dr. Samuel Abbott Green, Boston, Mass. : 

Massachusetts proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. Broad- 
Massachusetts proclamation for Arbor Day, 1906. Broadside. 


128 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Martin I. J. Griffin, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Prohibition campaign posters. "Two Roads to Washington" 

and " Grand Rail}- for Prohibition." 
^From the Governor of Guam: 

Memorials and other papers of Mariana Islands. 1886-1892. 
From Richard H. Johnston, Washington, D. C.: 
Canadian " Campaign Songs." Broadside. 
From William and Edwin C. Kent, Tuxedo Park, N. Y.: 

Commissions, diplomas, etc., of Chancellor James Kent, 1781- 


See p. 22 of this Report. 
From Dr. Daniel S. Lamb, Washington, D. C. : 

Account books, correspondence, etc., of Association of Acting As- 
sistant Surgeons, United States Army. 
From F. H. Levelle, Battle Creek, Mich.: 

Continental Currency bill for $8. Issue of 1777. 
From Charles Henry Lincoln, Washington, D. C.: 

Subscription list of money paid to David Wolf to recover a slave 

woman and her children. 1808. 
Bill of complaint and answer of James Wright. Delaware, 1709, 

Mar. 26. 

From Dr. Stuyvesant Fish Morris, of New York. 
Papers of Martin Van Buren. 
See pp. 20-21 of this Report. 
From Territory of New Mexico: 

Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. Broadside. 
From Miss Emily K. Paterson, of Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Notes of the Convention of 1787, by John Paterson. 
See pp. 21-22 of this Report. 
From Dr. C. J. Peacock, Tunbridge Wells, England: 

Indentures of Guy Fawkes with Christopher Lomleye and Anne 

Shipleye for transfer of property. 1592-93. 
Agreement between Anne Shipleye and Dionisius Bainbridge, 

159-. Photo-facsimiles. 
From the State of Pennsylvania: 

Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. Broadside. 
From Mrs. A. J. Robertson, Washington, D. C.: 

Coat of arms of Gov. Willie and Allen Jones of North Carolina, 
the family from which John Paul took the name of Jones. 
Illuminated handiwork of the donor, on vellum. 
From Joseph George Rosengarten, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Calendar of papers relating to the German troops (Brandenburg 
Anspach) in the American Revolution, 1777-1782, in the 
Public Record Office (London), Treasury, Miscellaneous Vari- 
ous, Bundle 248. 
From H. P. Scratchley, Bloomfield, N. J.: 

Letters and papers of James Brown, of New Orleans, La. 1/77- 

See pp. 22-23 f this Report. 

Manuscripts Accessions 1 29 

From Horace J. Smith, Germantown, Pa.: 

Suggestion for legend for tablet commemorating the jury in the 
trial of William Penn and William Mead, 1670, to be placed in 
Old Bailey Prison, London, England, and miscellany. Broad- 
From A. A. Stamouli, New York City: 

Advertisement of Greek newspaper "Thermopylae," published 

in New York. Broadside. 
From Charles W. Stewart, Washington, D. C.: 

Miscellaneous collection of manifests, clearance papers, passports, 
etc. 1782-1812. Mainly issued in connection with port of Bal- 
From Miss Minnie Viola Stinson, Washington, D. C.: 

Claim of Benito Asuncion for restoration of property in Pasig, 
Manila. With signed disapproval of Aguinaldo. 1898. (In 

From Capt. John R. M. Taylor, U. S. A. : 
Letters of Zachary Taylor and others. 
See p. 23 of this Report. 
From Dr. De Forest Willard, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Memorandum book of Daniel Willard, of Hartford, Conn. Con- 
tains notes of prominent personages met in Washington City, 
places visited, etc. 1846. 




Lists of American soldiers confined at the City of Mexico by the 

provost. 1847. I vol. 
Association of Acting Assistant Surgeons, Records of. Account 

books, correspondence, etc. 3 vols. and miscel. papers. Metal 

Civil war: 

Johnston, Joseph Eggleston. General orders issued at Dalton, 

Georgia. Jan. -Apr., 1864. Contemporary copies (32 pieces). 
Mississippi. Papers relating to military matters, 1862-1868. 

Bills, certificates of destruction of property, correspondence, 

etc. (21 pieces.) 

Resarf, . History of the Great Rebellion. I vol. A. D. 


Continental Currency. Bill for $8.00. Issue of 1777. 

Molly (Maryland sloop). Commission as privateer, 1776. D. S. 

John Hancock. 
Montgomery (Maryland schooner). Application, commission 

and bond as privateer, 1776-1777. 4 pieces. 

130 Report of the Librarian! of Congress 


Halsey, Zephaniah and Archibald Ramsey. Memorandum book 
of horses delivered to Quartermaster General's Department. 
1780-1782. i vol. 

Secret service, British. Memorandum book of intelligence, secret 
agents, payments, etc., kept at British Headquarters, 1778. 
i vol. 

Stevens, Benjamin Franklin. Calendar of papers relating to Ger- 
man troops (Brandenburg Anspach) in the American Revolu- 
tion, 1777-1782, in the Public Record Office, Treasury, Miscel. 
Various, Bundle 248. 


District of Columbia: 

Willard, Daniel (of Hartford, Conn.) Memorandum book. Notes 
of prominent personages met in Washington City, places vis- 
ited, etc. 1846. i vol. 

Papers relating to cession to the United States. 
Georgia and Florida: 

Official pamphlets and manuscripts relating to boundary disputes 
and trade difficulties in West Indies between Spain and Great 
Britain. I vol. 1736-1739. 

Boston. Table of exports and clearances, 1787-1788. Estimate 

of value of exports, 1787-1788. 
New Hampshire: 

Miscellaneous papers relating to early colonial matters. 19 pieces. 

Northampton and Bucks counties. House tax insurrection, 1799. 

21 pieces. 

Whisky Insurrection. Papers relating to. 1792-1796. I vol. 
Mariana Islands: 

Guam. Memorials and other papers. 1886-1892. 18 pieces. 
Philippine Islands: 

Asuncion, Benito. Claim for restoration of property in Pasig, 
Manila. Signed disapproval of Aguinaldo. 1898. (InTagalog. ) 



List of land and sea forces. i8th Century? 

vSavary des Bruslons. Extracts from the Universal Dictionary of 

Commerce. 1723. Translation. 23 pp. 
Great Britain: 

Anonymous. Observations on prohibiting exports of corn from 

Army. Letter from Ordnance office. 1795. 

Manuscripts Accessions 131 

Great Britain: 

Comptroller. Memorandum of payments. 1735. 

Navy. Committee of Survey. Memorandum of correspondence 

relating to supplies. 1722-1723. 

Mercantile documents. 1660-. 8 pieces. 


Ceylon : 

Singhalese manuscript. Written on 31 gilt-edged palm leaves. 


Bartley, T. W. Letter to C. W. Cist. 1854, Aug. 25. A. L. S. 
Berrien, John McPherson. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 

1846, Dec. 2. A. L. S. 

Binney, Horace. Letter to William C. Wilde. 1852, May 21. 
Bonner, Robert. Letter to George P. Morris. 1860, Aug. 22. A. L. S. 
Brayman, Mason. Letter to E. A. Parker. 1865, Sep. 3. Contem- 
porary copy. 

Bristow, Benjamin H. Letter to Carl Schurz. 1877, Oct. 15. A. L. S. 
Brown, James (of New Orleans, La.) Letters and papers of a legal 

and commercial nature, with some family letters. 1777-1810. 352 

Burgoyne, John. State of the Expedition from Canada. London". 

1780. Pamphlet with Clinton's annotations. 

Burr, Aaron. Letters relating to conspiracy. 1806-1816. i vol. 
Calhoun, William B. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1844, 

Mar. 26. A. L. S. 
Campbell, George W. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1822, 

Mar. 16. A. L. S. 
Cass, Lewis. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn, 1833, Feb. 19. 

A. L. S.; to Hugh S. Legare, 1842, May 16. A. L. S. 
Cater, Douglas J. Letters to Mrs. F. S. Cater. 1862-1865. 25 pieces. 
Cater, Rufus W. Letters to Mrs. F. S. Cater. 1859-1863. 25 pieces. 
Catesby, M. Letter to Dr. J. F. Gronovius. 1844, Dec. A. L. S. 
Chambers, David. Letters from J. Q. Adams, Calhoun, Clay, Lin- 
coln, Sumner, and others. 1810-1863. 24 pieces. 
Chase, Salmon P. Letters to Thomas Hornbrook, 1861-1864, an d 

miscellany, Si pieces. 
Chauvin, Jean Jacques. Petition to French Minister of Justice. 

1798, Oct. 13. A. D. S. 
Clayton, John M. Letters to Samuel J. Hitchcock, 1815, Oct\ 16; to 

William H. Wells, 1819, June 25; to Mahlon Dickerson, 1834, June 

29. A. L. S. 
Clinton, Sir Henry. Narrative of expedition with Sir Peter Parker 

against Sullivan's Island, 1776. Pamphlet with annotations, n. d. 

13 copies. 

132 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Clinton-Cornwallis Controversy. iu vois. and 54 pamphlets with 

Clinton's annotations. 

Corwin, Thomas. Private correspondence. 1850-1853. 12 vols. 
Crawford, George W. Resignation as Secretary of War. 1850, July 

10. Draft. Announcement to Army of death of President Taylor. 

1850, July 10. D. S. 
Crowninshield, Benjamin W. Letters to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn, 

1823-1830. 3 pieces. 
Gushing, Caleb. Letters to William L. Marcy, 1855, July 10, Auto. 

draft; to Thomas H. Dudley, 1867, Aug. 15 (2), L. S. ; to E. R. 

Hoar, 1869, Nov. 22. L. S. 
Davis, Jefferson. Letters and documents. 1851-1860. About 260 

Dearborn, Henry. Letter to Henry Dearborn, jr. 1808, Mar. 27; to 

William Duane, 1818, Oct. 7. A. L. S. 
Dickins, Asbury and Francis A. Miscellaneous papers. 3 scrapbook 

Eaton, John H. Letters to Henry Clay, 1825, Mar. 31 and Apr. i. 

Auto, drafts. 

Edmunds, George F. Letter to William Bond & Son. 1875, Oct. 26. 
Everett, Edward. Letter to G. Lunt. 1862, July 12. A. L. S. 
Ewing, Thomas. Letters to Peter Benson, 1832, Nov. 14; to George 

W. Crawford, 1849, July 2 $; to Richard Smith, 1833, Oct. 14; to 

William Bibb and others, 1835, Sept. i; to ?, 1833, Jan. 9. 

A. Ls. S. 
Franklin, Benjamin, Arthur Lee, and John Adams. To American 

prisoners at Forton Prison, England, 1778, Sept. 19. Contem- 
porary copy. 
Fuller, Timothy. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn, 1824, Mar. 25. 

A. L. S. 

Gallatin, Albert. Correspondence, 1801-1811. I vol. 
Garrison, Wendell P. Correspondence, 1905-1906. 9 pieces. 
Gorham, Benjamin. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn, 1829, 

Mar. 2. A. L. S. 

Grant, James. Papers relating to claim against South Carolina citi- 
zens, 1794-1797. 7 pieces. 

Haines, Hiram. Literary papers, poems, etc. i vol. 
Harlan, James. Letter to John Wentworth. 1871, Mar. 31. A.L. S. 
Henry, John. Papers relating to New England intrigue, 1809-1812. 

94 pieces. 

Hicks, Thomas. Letter to Woodcock. 1686. A. L. S. 
Huntington, Samuel, jr. Letter to Rev. BMward D. Griffin. 1801, 

Mar. 4. A. L. S. 
Jackson, Andrew. Papers relating to Glasgow land frauds, North 

Carolina. 1797, Dec. Typewritten copies. 
Jenkins, Charles J., and others. Letter to George W. Crawford. 

1845, Feb. 17, and letter explaining same. 
Johnson, Cave. Letter to James Dunlap. 1864, May 25. A. L. S. 

Manuscripts Aceessions 133 

Johnson, Herschel Vespasian. Letter to Richard M. Johnson. 1847, 

Dec. 10. A. L. S. 

Jones, William. Letter to Nathaniel Silsbee. 1816, Sept. 15. A. L. S. 
Jones, Gov. Willie and Allen. Coat of arms. Illuminated on vellum. 
Kennedy, John P. Letter to George E. Badger. 1841, Sept. 9. 
Kent, James. Commissions, diplomas, etc. 1781-1823. 16 parch- 
King, Daniel P. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1841, Jan. 19. 

A. L. S. 
King, John Pendleton. Letter to James Thomas. 1835, Aug. 15. 

A. L. S. 

Kingsbury, Jacob. Letters, 1727-1815. 358 pieces. 
Lamar, Gazaway B. Letters to George W. Crawford. 1849, June, 

and 1850, Apr. 10. A. Ls. S. 
Lee, Charles. Memoirs. London, 1792. Annotations of Sir Henry 

Clinton, i vol. 

Legare, Hugh S. Letter to ? 1840, June 12. A. L. S. 
Leveson-Gower, Granville. Letter to ? 1686. A. L. S. 
Lewis, John. Papers relating to civil cases, military matters of the 

Revolution, etc. 1754-1823. 
Lincoln, Abraham. Bill of complaint of James H. Bagley against 

Isaac D. Vanmeter. Oct., 1843. A. D. S. 
Lincoln & Herndon. Declaration in case of Henry McHenry vs. 

Hiram Penny. 1850, August term, Sangamon Co., Ills. A. D. S. 

of Lincoln. 
McClellan, Archibald. Grant of land in South Carolina. 1770. D. S. 

of Gov. William Bull. 
Markoe, Francis. Correspondence. About 5,000 pieces, including 

correspondence of Samuel Galloway and Virgil Maxcy. 

See pp. 24-25 of this Report. 

Mason, John Y. Letter to Henry A. Wise. 1844, Mar. 15. A. L. S. 
Newman, Reuben and Alexander. Grant of land in South Carolina. 

1786. D. S. of Gov. William Moultrie. 
Olney, James N. Letter to George P. Morris. 1860, Mar. 30. A. 

L. S. 
Phillips, Stephen C. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1831, 

Aug. 20. 
Porter, Peter B. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1813, Sept. 

20. A. L. S. 

Preston, William C. Letter to Wilde. 1840, Mar. 29. A. L. S. 
Ramsay, David. History of the American Revolution. London. 

1791. With annotations of Sir Henry Clinton, i vol. 
Ramsey, Alexander. Letter to Thomas H. Burrowes. 1838, Sept. 4. 

A. L. S. 
Richardson, William A. Letter to N. K. Sanderson. 1884, June 22. 

A. L S. 

Robertson, Thomas B. Letter to Fulwar Skipwith. 1820, Feb. 23. 
Rockwell, Julius. Letter to George Bancroft. 1845, Apr. 10. A. L. S. 

134 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Rush, Richard. Letter to Albert Gallatin. 1822, Aug. 15. A. L. vS. 

Russell, Jonathan. Letter to ? 1812, Feb. 8. A. L. S. 

Sarmau, W. II. Letter to ? 1828. A. L. S. 

Savage, John. Letter to George P. Morris. 1861, July 31. A. L. S. 

Scarlett, James. Legal opinion. 1829. A. D. S. 

Silsbee, Nathaniel. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1818, 

Mar. 22. A. L. V S. 

Smith, E. Kirby. Letter to Captain Tupper. 1 86 1, Sept. 4. A. L. S. 
Stephens, Alexander H. Letters to George W. Crawford, 1846-1849. 

3 pieces. To James Thomas, .1844-1853. 5 pieces. A. Ls. S. 
Stiles, Robert. Grant of land in Georgia. 1805. D. S. of Gov. 

John Milledge. 
Sturges, William, and Henry Ellison. Indenture of land transfer in 

South Carolina. 1786. 
Taylor, Zachary. Letters of. 

See p. 23 of this report. 
Thomas, Lorenzo. Letter to F. and A. H. Dodge. 1848, Jan. 12. 

A. L. S. 

Thompson, Richard W. Letter to ? 1848, Aug. 10. 
Thorburn, Grant. Letter to George P. Morris. 1855, June 16. A. L. S. 
Thurston, W. S. Letter to John Johnson. 1790, May 4. A. L. S. 
Toombs, Robert. Letters to George W. Crawford, 1846-1862. 4 pieces. 

To James Thomas, 1847-1848. 3 pieces. To Johnson & Thomas. 

1848. i piece. 

Trumbull, Jonathan. Letter to ? 1794, Jan. 16. A. L. S. 
Trumbull, Lyman. Papers of.. 3,700 pieces. 

See p. 25 of this report. 
Twiggs, David Emanuel. Letter to George W. Crawford. 1849, 

Sept. 8. A. L. S. 

Tyler, John. Letter to Henry A. Wise. 1856, Mar. A. L. S. 
Vaughan, Henry Halford. Letter to Stockdale. 1820. Nov. 

18. A. L. S. 
Washington, George. Virginia Almanac for 1767 with autograph 

memoranda, i vol. 

Sec pp. 25-26 of this Report. 

Pay rolls, receipts, etc., of Virginia Colonial troops. 1755-1756. 

260 pieces. 

Webster, Daniel. Letter to Sy mines. 1843, Apr. 13. 
Welles, Gideon. Letters to Sherman Croswell. 1831, Feb. 23. 

A. L. S.; to ? 1832, Jan. 14. A. L. S.; to Admiral Andrew H. 

Foote, 1863, June 8. D. S. 
Welsman, J. T. Letter to Stewart L. Woodford. 1865, Apr. 21. 


Wikoff, Henry. Letter to George P. Morris. 1880, July 14. A. L. S. 
Windham, Charles. Letter to his sister. 1744, Nov. 27. A. L. S. 
Windham, Mary. Letters. 1745-1746. A. Ls. S. 2 pieces. 
Winthroj), Robert C. Letter to Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 1X40, 

Dec. 26. A. L. S. 

Manuscripts Accessions 135 

Wise, Henry A. Letter to Leslie Combs. 1842, Dec. 29. A. L. S. 
Wood, Charles. Receipt to Henry Northleigh. 1659, Dec. 24. 
Woodford, Stewart L. Letter to J. T. Welsman. 1865, Apr. 29. L. S. 
Wright, James. Bill of complaint and answer in suit. Delaware, 

1709, Mar. 26. 
Yancey, Charles. Letter to George W. Crawford. 1850, June 17. 

A. L. S. 


Account Books: 

Mercantile accounts kept at St. Christophers, West Indies and 

later at Philadelphia. 1719-1724. I vol. 
Mercantile accounts kept at Philadelphia. 1728-1734. 

Pellicer, Casiano. An historical essay on the Spanish drama. 

Translation by R. W. Wade. 1806. 2 vols. 
Journals and diaries: 

Antrim, B. Jay. Journals and diaries of travels in Mexico and 

California, 1849. Sketch books, etc. 5 vols. 
Forton Prison, England. Diary of an American seaman, 1777- 

1779. Book of songs written in the prison, 1778. 2 vols. 
Haskins, Rev. Thomas. Journals, 1782-1783 and 1784-1785. 

2 vols. 
Shiner, Michael. Diary kept at Washington, D. C., 1813-1865. 

I vol. 
Letter books: 

Dewey & Carson. Letterbook, Philadelphia, 1745-1750. I vol. 
Marine miscellany: 

Hope, Journal of voyage to Northwest coast of America. 1790- 

1792. 4 vols. 

Lexington, (Merchant ship.) Log book, 1807-1808. i vol. 
Peuman, James and Edward. Marine insurance policy, 1793. 
Ships papers. Miscellaneous collection of manifests, clearances, . 
passports, etc. 1782-1812. Mainly issued in connection with 
port of Baltimore. 19 pieces. 

Miscellaneous documents relating to ecclesiastical matters. 1631 

to i8th Century. 
Orderly books: 

Dolson, Peter. Orderly book. 1776, July 29-Sept. 12. I vol. 
Walker, Robert. Orderly books. 1777-1778, July 2i-June 24; 
1777-1778, June 8-27, Oct. 17-24; 1780, Oct. i8-Nov. 9. 3 vols. 

Anderson, Margarite. "International Peace Song" and "The 

Peace-Makers." 1905. A. D. S. 

Di Carlo, Luigi. Excerpts from poems, 1905. ' ' Alia grande e 
celebre Biblioteca del Congresso in Washington." A. D. (In 
Italian. ) 

Fairman, Edward St. John. Pastime Poetry. Miscellaneous 
verse, in autograph and print. 
LIB 1906 10 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Religion : 

Antiphonalia. I4th Century vellum manuscript. Illuminated. 

I vol. 

Jacob, Henry. A Confession and Protestation of the Faith of cer- 
taine Christians [Brownists] in England . . . with petition to 
King for toleration therein. 1616. Typewritten copy. 

United States, Weather Bureau. Miscellaneous reports, notes, 

etc., on health resorts. 
Slave papers: 

Subscription list of money paid to David Wolf to recover a slave 

woman and her children, 1808. 
West Indies: 

San Domingo. "ElYdeal." A MS. newspaper. 1905, July 18. 
ist year, No. 5. Published by Jose Porrata. 



Continental Congress: 

Declaration of Independence. Boston, 1906. 

Miscellaneous broadsides. 1776-1784. 14 pieces. 

Plan for conducting Hospital department of the Army. 1780, 

Sept. 30. Pamphlet. 

Knox, Henry. Plan for general arrangement of the militia. 1 786 
Adams, John Quincy: 

Inaugural address, 1825. 
Order of funeral procession. 1848. 
Executive Proclamations and Orders. 1905-1906. 

Proclamations for Arbor and Bird Day, 1902, 1906. 2 pieces 
Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905-. 
Proclamation for Fast Day, 1906. 
Proclamation for Flag Day, 1906. 

Ames, L/evi. I^ast words and dying speech. Executed at Boston, 

1773, Oct. 21. 

Butler, Benjamin F. Letter to George H. Briggson "The Salary 
Grab." 1873, July 28. To Judge Ebenezer R. Hoar, a "reply 
to the Judge's imputations ..." 1876, Oct. 2 pieces. 
Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. 
Proclamation for Arbor Day, 1906. 
Salem, Election, 1812. 
Webster, Daniel. Broadsides issued on erecting of Webster's 

statue in Boston, 1859, Sept. 17. 
New Hampshire: 

Anti-Jackson political address to the Farmers and Mechanics of 
New Hampshire. 1828. 

Ma n uscripts Accessions 137 

New Mexico: 

Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. 
North Carolina: 

Rules regulating market prices. 1864. 
Oregon : 

Nesmith, James, jr. Against J. Quinn Thornton. Oregon City. 

1847, June 7. 
Pennsylvania : 

Proclamation for Thanksgiving Day, 1905. 

Philadelphia. Election of Representatives and Presidential Elec- 
tors. 1792. 
Rhode Island: 

Two poems on Thomas W. Dorr. 1842. 

Miscellaneous, with some English color prints. 1802-13. 56 


Canada. " Campaign Songs. " n. d. 

Centennial, 1876. Invitation to closing ceremonies. 

Prohibition. Campaign posters: "Two Roads to Washington" and 

"Grand Rally for Prohibition." n. d. 2 pieces. 
Smith, Horace J. Suggests a legend for tablet commemorating the 

jury in the trial of William Penn and William Mead, 1670, to be 

placed in Old Bailey, London. 
"Thermopylae." Advertisement of Greek newspaper published in 

New York. 1905. 
Wool. Table of importations into London and Liverpool. 1806. 


Fawkes, Guy. Indentures with Christopher Lomleye and Anne Ship- 

leye for transfer of property, 1592-93. 
Agreement between Anne Shipleye and Dionisius Bainbridge, 

159-. In Latin. Photo-facsimiles of 3 parchments. 
Massachusetts. Photographs of 3 Revolutionary broadsides, 1776- 


British Museum (Additional MSS.): 

14034. America, Africa, and the Canaries, & the West Indies 


9747. America, Papers relating to. 1698-1705. 
22680. America, Miscellaneous Papers relating to, &c. 

14035. Board of Trade and Plantations 1710-1789. 

138 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

British Museum (Additional MSS.): 

Egerton MSS. : 

2 395 Ig t portion, folios 237. 

Folios 238-453. 
Folios 454 to end. 

2168. Inventory of Papers of William Penn. 

2526. Journals of J. Knepp on H. M. S. Rose, &c. 1683-1684. 

2135. Letters and Papers relating to the War in America. 


15485. Exports and Imports of North America. 1768-9. 
Hardwicke Papers: 

35909. American Plantations. Vol. DLXI. [Two Maps ac- 

company this.] 

35910. American Plantations. Vol. DLXII. 1759-1764. 

35911. American Plantations. Vol. DLXIII. 1765. 
Hyde Papers and Correspondence: 

15895. 1688-1709. 

Folios 339-365. 
15898. Miscellaneous. 

America and the West Indies. 
Kings MSS. : 

213. Journal of an Officer in the West Indies: 1764-65. 

203. Letters, Rev. Dr. Cooper to Dr. Franklin, 1769-1775. 

American Politics. 
202. Letters, Governor Pownall to Rev. Dr. Cooper, 1769- 

1774, on American Politics. 
206. State of Manufactures; Land, mode of granting; Fees 

of Offices in America. 
205. Reports on the state of the American Colonies, (ist 


15483. List of Councils in North America. 1703-1711. 
22129. Official Appointments, List of , 1780. 

15488. Maine. Kennebec River, 1752-1762. 

15487. Massachusetts and Connecticut, Boundary line of, 1735- 


15486. Massachusetts, Papers relating to, 1720-1724. 
11514. Memorial to Lord Halifax on North America. 

22617. Navy, Official Papers relating to. 1688-1715. (Br. Mu.: 

Add. Mss. 22617, folios 134-149.) 
New Castle Papers: 

33028. America and the West Indies. Vol. I. 1701-1740. 

33029. Vol. CCCXLIV. America and the West Indies. Vol. 

II. 1744-1758. 

33030. Vol. CCXLV. America and the West Indies. Vol. III. 

1761-1802, and undated. 
28089. New England, &c. I7th Century. 

15489. New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Pa., Md., N. Y., &c. 
22679. New York, 1764-1768. 

Manuscripts List of Transcripts 139 

British Museum (Additional MSS.): 

11411. Povey, T. Register of Letters relating to the West Indies, 


15896. Revenue and Customs. Vol. V. 1679-1705. 
9764. Shipping and Trade. (All papers selected relate to 

America. ) 
Public Record Office: 

Admiralty High Court: 

Instance & Prize Libel Files. Bundle 73, 80, 81, 82, 88, 91- 

94, 98, 107, 108: Various Nos. 

. Boscawen, Admiral. Letters of (ist Section only). In Let- 
ters, No. 481. 

Boscawen. In Letters, 481 (Sections 2 and 3). 
Admiralty Secretary: 

Hood, Commodore. In Letters, 483 (ist installment). 
Admiralty Secretary: 

In Letters 482, (First section). 

In Letters, 483 (Second section, completes the volume). 
In Letters, 485 (continuation and end). Admirals' Des- 

North America. Admiral Graves, 1774-7. 
Warren, Admiral. In Letters, 480 (ist section only). 
Treasury : 

37 & 38. Blaythwayt's Journal. (Complete.) 



Collection of prints, original drawings, water-color 
paintings, and illustrated books by cele- 
brated Japanese artists 

Given by Mr. Crosby S. Noyes, 
Washington, D. C. 


Appendix V 


Washington, D. C., October ij, 1905 

My DEAR SIR: The collection of Japanese pictures, en- 
gravings, illustrated books, etc., which I hereby tender to 
the Congressional library, Washington, D. C., will, I think, 
serve to supply in some degree an illustration of the extra- 
ordinary variety in Japanese art and an instructive and 
timely insight into the history, legends, religions, industries, 
amusements, folklore, fauna and flora, scenery, drama, and 
all the wide range of art motives of the wonderful people 
who are just now the center of world interest. 

A study of the many-sided Japanese character develops 
sharp contrasts at every turn. A visit to Japan in time of 
peace gives the impression of a gentle, refined, light-hearted, 
artistic, peaceable, pleasure-loving, rather frivolous people, 
with a passionate love for flowers, fine scenery, and all that 
is beautiful in nature; nice and dainty in their tastes, carry- 
ing their habits of personal and household cleanliness to the 
extreme, and spending a considerable portion of their time 
in enervating hot baths. 

Again, seen in their almost continuous round of festivals 
throughout the year, they seem to be holding a perpetual 

Another turn, and beholding them swarming in the rice 
fields, the tea plantations, the vegetable and flower gardens, 
the workshops, the fisheries, and the schoolrooms, and all 
Japan seems to be an industrial beehive, and every man, 
woman, and child at work or in study. 

Then war comes, and these same gentle, peaceable, vola- 
tile, undersized sybarites are transformed in a twinkling 
into heroic warriors of fanatical courage, unparalleled forti- 
tude, stoical endurance of pain, intense tenacity of purpose, 


144 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and self-sacrificing devotion to country that has never been 
surpassed in the history of the world. 

The stronger and nobler qualities of the Japanese have 
been persistently underrated by most writers. 

Pierre lyOti in his * ' Madame Chrysantheme ' ' character- 
izes them as chattering monkeys, interesting only for their 
quaintness and comicality. 

Even Sir Edwin Arnold, their ardent admirer, while laud- 
ing " their charming courtesy, their exquisite arts, and their 
almost divine sweetness of disposition," ends by rating them 
as ' ' butterflies ' ' with no serious purpose in life. 

Basil Hall Chamberlain, in ' ' Things Japanese, ' ' while cor- 
dially joining with Sir Edwin Arnold in laudation of their 
art, courtesy, and sweetness of temper, also accepts his esti- 
mate of the people as ' ' pretty weaklings. ' ' 

Miss E. R. Scidmore, however, a thoughtful and acute 
observer of Japanese life and character, in her delightful 
"Jinrickisha Days in Japan," while characterizing the Japa- 
nese as "the enigma of this century; the most inscrutable, 
the most paradoxical of races," and setting forth duly the 
volatile and apparently frivolous side of the Japanese char- 
acter, dwells with emphasis upon its contrasting solid qual- 
ities of wisdom, dignity, nobility, thoughtfulness, and con- 
scientiousness. At moments, she says, they appear to be a 
trifling, superficial, fantastic people, bent on nothing but 
pleasing effects; "and again, the Occidental is a babe before 
the deep mysteries, the innate wisdom, the philosophies, 
the art, the thought, the subtle refinements of this charming 
people, who so quickly win the admiration, sympathy, and 
affection of the stranger. ' ' 

Their art, as well as character, is notable for its diversity 
and strong contrasts. In its different schools academic, 
realistic, and impressionist it is by turns vigorous, grace- 
ful, grotesque, weird, decorative, refined, intense, dainty, 
and poetic. It is distinguished by the exquisite beauty of 
its color harmonies, delicate gradations of tone, subtle fine- 
ness of touch contrasted with bold directness of method; for 
the delicacy, accuracy, and at the same time the vigor of its 
line "ranging from hairbreadth to the width of an inch." 
It has been well described as "a combination of delicate 
grace, infallible accuracy, and unostentatious verve, the 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 145 

same brush wielded with admirable strength, and reveling 
in microscopic elaboration of detail." 

And Japanese art, as well as character, has been misunder- 
stood and misrepresented. 

Sir Rutherford Alcock, in his supercilious and superficial 
"Art and Art industries of Japan," shows his profound 
ignorance of his subject when he quotes, approvingly, an 
"eminent art critic " of his acquaintance as declaring that 
' ' the Japanese artists do not appear to know what beauty 
is in the human form," that "there does not seem to be the 
least trace of sentiment or kindness between the human 
specimens of the race. They all look at each other hate- 
fully, spitefully, absurdly. I do not understand it! An art 
which is blind to beauty, virtue, pathos, piety everything 
charming and elevating in man." 

And Sir Rutherford Alcock adds that he is compelled to 
agree with his friend, the "eminent art critic," in his con- 
demnatory verdict. 

Now the art of the Japanese the gentlest as well as the 
bravest of human kind has been applied all through its 
history to the illustration of the tender relations between 
parents and children, the devoted affection of friends to 
portraying acts of heroism, virtue, piety, fervid patriotism, 
and ready sacrifice of life to duty, honor, friendship, and in 
behalf of country. 

A well-informed writer on Japanese art says, in ' ' The 
Collector and Art Critic: " " Back of all Japanese art lies 
the Oriental mind, which revels in symbolism, in allegory, 
teaching some virtue or moral in pretty poetic fancy, a 
reminder of some historical heroism held up as an example 
or some historical iniquity held up as a warning. ' ' 

This tender, sympathetic side of Japanese character dis- 
plays itself all through its art. 

Hotei, the jolly Japanese Santa Claus, appears every- 
where surrounded by a troop of joyous, laughing children. 
" The Aged Couple of Takasaga," the personification of 
serene, harmonious conjugal happiness, enjoyed together 
through a long life in "John Anderson my Jo" fashion, 
figure constantly in Japanese art, and the picture of this 
benign old couple is the universal wedding present given to 
serve as an inspiring model to the bridal pair. 

146 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

' ' The One Hundred Examples of Filial Piety ' ' have been 
the perennial subject of Japanese art from time immemorial. 

Hartmann, in the same line, speaks of the art works of 
the Japanese as " full of beauty and seem the natural mani- 
festation of serene, contented, and happy minds." 

This feeling of warm affection is expressed continuously 
in the exquisite pictorial devices styled surimono, circulated 
among friends on festival occasions and commemorative 
greetings in private life, corresponding to our Christmas, 
New Year and birthday cards which are decorated in the 
most dainty and charming manner with tokens expressive 
of tender love and good wishes for the happiness, prosperity, 
and longevity of the recipient. 

An effective moral lesson is taught in one of the com- 
monest representations in Japanese art that of the group 
of three monkeys, where the first screens his eyes with 
his hands, the second his ears, and the third his mouth, to 
show that we should never see, hear, nor speak evil. 

The sad story of the unhappy Ono-No-Kumachi, com- 
mencing with her career as a reigning beauty, a popular 
poet, then the successive stages of her downfall to a condi- 
tion of beggary and abject misery, ending with death from 
starvation, is depicted with infinite pathos by Japanese 

Everywhere in art, literature, and the drama the story is 
told of "The Forty-Seven Ronins," the devoted band who 
cheerfully sacrificed their lives to the protection of the honor 
of their chieftain and to the work of bringing to punishment 
the perfidious miscreant responsible for his death. 

Now, as to their artistic blindness to beauty in human 
form. Mr. S. Hartmann, author of "A History of Ameri- 
can Art," and a recognized authority upon art matters, says 
in his work on "Japanese Art:" "The Japanese artists see 
in women a glorification of all beautiful things." Other 
competent writers upon Japanese art have dwelt upon the 
work of special artists in this line of Sukenobu, Haron- 
olm, and Hokusai, noted for the singular grace and refine- 
ment with which they invested the female figure; of Yeishi, 
Yeizan, and Yeisen, who devoted their art almost exclu- 
sively to the charms and graces of Japanese womanhood; 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 147 

of Utamaro, characterized as ' ' the greatest painter of Japan- 
ese women," and noted for "the infinite tenderness and 
grace, the exquisite beauty and delicacy of forms and flow- 
ing lines with which he rendered his subjects." 

And this is the art which Sir Rutherford Alcock asserts 
is "blind to beauty, virtue, pathos, piety, everything charm- 
ing and elevating in man ! ' ' 

It is the art that, as Miss Scidmore says, "has already 
revolutionized the western world, leaving its impress every- 
where. ' ' 

It is the art that taught Whistler his exquisite draughts- 
manship and brush work, subtle gradations of tone and dainty 
color harmonies; the art from which Manet and the French 
school of impressionists got their inspiration, and that, as 
Hartmann declares, has influenced the several lines of work 
of Whistler, Manet, Degas, Skarbina, the German Seces- 
sionists, Puvis de Chavannes, D. W. Tryon, Steinlein and 
Monet; and he adds "that nearly two-thirds of all painters 
who have become prominent during the last twenty years 
have learned in one instance or another from the Japanese. ' ' 

That preeminent authority in matters Japanese, Capt. F. 
Brinkley, in his admirable work upon "Japan; Its History, 
Arts, and literature," says of Japanese art that it "displays 
remarkable directness of method and strength of line; that 
the artist knows exactly what he wants to draw and draws 
it with unerring fidelity and force; that the very outlines of 
the picture are in themselves a picture, and that the whole 
is pervaded by an atmosphere of refinement, tenderness, and 
grace. ' ' 

It is the art that drew from John Leighton more than 
forty years ago a tribute to the ' ' marvelous skill ' ' of the 
Japanese artists; that Edward F. Strange in "Japanese 
Illustrations": characterizes as "the delightful arts of 
Japan ' ' and says ' ' as mere arrangements of decorative color 
they are generally superb; as exercises in composition, 
they are in the aggregate unsurpassed. ' ' 

What is to be the future of this remarkable people? This 
is the great problem now before the world. The pursuit of 
this inquiry will necessarily lead to a close study of the 
antecedents of the Japanese; their history, life, manners 

148 - Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and customs, industries and arts, and it is believed that 
this collection will afford the inquirer a considerable amount 
of information. 

I hope to be able to add in my lifetime to the interest 
and importance of the exhibit here presented. 
Sincerely yours 


Librarian of the Congressional Library 

Washington, D. C. 

WASHINGTON, D. C., October 18, 1905 
My dear Mr. NOYES: 

I have received your communication, making formal 
tender of the gift to the Library of your collection of 
Japanese pictures, engravings, illustrated books, etc., which 
have been for several months in our possession, but are only 
now formally transferred. Pray believe our acceptance and 
acknowledgment as cordial as we desire them to be prompt. 

Your letter of gift indicates most interestingly the sig- 
nificance of the collection in reflecting the life, as it reflects 
the art, of Japan; and makes clear that Japanese art not 
merely exhibits an artistic facility, but embodies an ethical 
spirit. With your permission, we shall be glad to publish 
the letter in connection with the announcement of the gift. 

The intrinsic interest of the material is greatly enhanced 
to this Library by the fact that it represents on your part 
many years of careful and devoted accumulation not merely 
in this country and in Europe but in Japan itself. We are 
gratified at your intimation that it is to be further added to 
in the future. 

It will immediately be prepared for exhibit. With its 
first exhibit we shall associate with it some of other subjects 
of art which you have lent to us the netsukes, etc. which 
will reinforce it by their further illustration of the achieve- 
ments of Japanese art. 

With high regard and appreciation, I am. 
Faithfully yours 


Librarian of Congress 


The Washington Star^ Washington. 


Given by Mr. CROSBY S. NOYES, Washington, D. C. 

Buncho (died 1796) 

Man and woman with a bird. 

Feast in a tea-house. 
Harunobu Suzuki (1705-1772) 

Mother and child catching crickets. 

Picking tea-leaves. 

Woman with lantern ascending stairway, while another woman 
looks at her from a window. 

Woman beating a man with a smoker's pipe. 

Drunken party returning from a feast at Shinobazu Pond, 

(Tokyo) ' 

Hiroshig-e I. (1793-1859) 

Portrait of a woman. (Takao) 


(a) Gathering shellfish, (b) Fish in tubs. 

Geisha girl. 

Painting the interior of large kettle. 

Procession of a princess in Yedo. 

Akasaka on the Tokaido. 

Fujikawa on the Tokaido. 

Kakegawa on the Tokaido. (Crossing the bridge) 

landscape, with Mount Fuji in the distance. 

Mount Fuji seen from Miho Bay. 

Public road by the sea. 

Shono on the Tokaido. 

Street in Kanagawa. (On the Tokaido) 

View of Mount Fuji from Nihon bridge, Yedo. 



Nightingale and Japonica flower. 

Plum tree and bird. 

Two fish. (Ayu) 


150 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Hiroshig-e I. (i793- l8 59) 
Two turtles. 
"Fifty-three views of the Tokaido. " 

Kawasaki. No. 3. 

Kanagawa. No. 4. 

Totsuka. No. 6. 

Fujisawa. No. 7. 

Hiratsuka. No. 8. 

Oiso. No. 9. 

Odawara. No. 10. 

Hakone. No. n. 

Mishima. No. 12. 

Numazu. No. 13. 

Hara. No. 14. 

Yoshiwara. No. 15. 

Kambara. No. 16. 

Yui. No. 17. 

Yejiri. No. 19. 

Fuchu. No. 20. 

Mariko. No. 21. 

Okabe. No. 22, 

Kanaya. No. 24. 

Nitsaka. No. 25. 

Okawa. No. 26. 

Fukuroi. No. 27. 

Mitsuke. No. 28. 

Hamamatsu. No. 29. 

Gioyu. No. 35. 

Akasaka. No. 36. 

Chiriu. No. 39. 

Narumi. No. 40. 

Yokkaichi. No. 42. 

Ishiyakushi. No. 44. 
"Celebrated Views of Yedo." 

Bridge over the Sumida River. 

Moonlight on the Suniida River. 

View of the sea from Takanawa. 

Mussel gathering at Susaki. 

Plum tree season at Kameido. 

Rain at Nippon bridge. 

Snow at Nippon bridge (Morning) 

Street scene in Yoshiwara. 



View of Mount Fuji from the O bridge; boat in fore- 

Yeitai bridge. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 151 

Hiroshige II. 

Benten Temple at Inokashira. 

Rain storm. Traveler taking refuge in a shop. 
Hokuba (1770-1844) 

Fish suspended over a fire. 
Hokusai (1760-1849) 

God of Fortune (Hotel) 

Yoji blowing his astral body into the air. 

Portrait of Otomo-no Kuronushi, a poet. 

Children teasing a mad woman. 

Drinking tea. 

Drying the cloth. 

Four awake. 

L,ady holding a musical instrument (Koto) 

L/ady taking off her court costume. 

Lumbermen sawing wood in the mountains of Totomi district. 

Making tea while tea-leaves are dried before the fire. 

Making pudding for the May festival. 

Mother playing with baby. 

"No" dancers. 

Peasant woman carrying bundle on which rests a kite. 

Travelers crossing river on men's backs. 

Woman carrying bow and arrows covered by flag. 

Woman 'holding a rooster while child gives it drink from a bowl. 

Woman making paper band for the hair. 

Woman washing cloths by the River Tama. 

Women procuring water at the spring, while coolies pass with a 

Wrestler holding up a bale of rice. 


Scenes from the play, "Chushingura." 

Acts I-XII. (Two scenes from Act XII) 

Waterfall of Aoi-no-oka. 

Completing the pilgrimage by climbing sacred Fuji. 

Mannen bridge of Fukagawa, Yedo. 

Mount Fuji from a junk sailing from Kazusa to Yedo. 

Fuji from a Buddhist temple. (Honganji) 

Mount Fuji from Misaka town among hills of Koshin. 

Mount Fuji from Senju town in Musashi. 

Mount Fuji from the Bay of Ejiri. 

Mount Fuji from the country at Umesawa, Sagami. 

Mount Fuji from Enza-Matsu, Aoyama, Yedo. 

Mount Fuji from the old mill at Indin. 

Mount Fuji from the shore at Tamagawa. 

View of sea of Kanagawa, on the Tokaido. 

Waterfall of Mount Kurokami. 

Waterfall of Ono. 
lyiB 1906 II 

152 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Hokusai (1760-1849) 
Waterfall of Oyama. 

Waterfall of Yoro. v 

'Waterfall of Yoshino. 
" Scenes on the Tokaido." 

Aral. (Travelers attended by carriers crossing a mountain) 
Two prints. 

Fujikawa on the Tokaido. (Travelers on horseback crossing 
a bridge) 

Gyoyu. (Lady making her toilet) 

Kameyama. (Porters resting) 

Kanaya. (Mount Fuji in the distance) 

Kanbara. (Fishermen pulling in nets) 

Kawasaki. (The ferryboat) 

Okabe. (Traveler arriving at hotel) 

Shimada. (Travelers crossing river) 

Shono. (The Feast) 

Yoshiwara. (Making cheese) 
" Views of Lake Biwa." 

Autumnal moonlight at Ishiyama. 

Evening Bell of Temple Mil. 

Evening glow at Seta. 

Evening snowstorm at Hira. 

Nocturnal rain at Karasaki. 

Return of fishing boat at Yabashi. 

Summer breeze at Awa/u. 

Wild ducks at Katata. 
"Views of Mount Fuji." 

Fukagawa wood-yard. 

Man fishing; Kai district. 

Mount Fuji from the sea; shore of Shi chin. 

Shimomeguro. (Pilgrims ascending Mount Fuji) 

Ushibari, Hitachi. Boat in the marsh. (Two copies) 

Windstorm at Ejiri. 
Persimmon and grasshopper. 
Fish in a pan. 

Kikumaro Utagawa. 

Flower in pot. ( Two prints. ) 
Kiyomasu (1679-1762) 
An actor. 

Kiyomitsu (1735-1785) 
An actor. 

Caricature of an actor. 
Girl in contemplation. 
Woman reading a letter on veranda. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 153 

Kiyonaga (1742-1815) 
Children playing. 

Woman lighting a lantern ; man smoking. 
Woman's bathroom. 

Kiyonobu (1664-1729) 
Family promenade. 
Woman painting a screen. 
Woman with an umbrella; child beside her. 


Taking a walk in cherry blossom season. 

Koriusai (wk. 1760-1780) 
The promenade. 

Two women walking; one holding an umbrella. 
Women playing ball. 

Kosiusai (1728-1809) 
Children at play. 

Kunichika and Yoshichika (Contemporary) 
Women's bathing-house. 


Woman striking a drum giving the signal for closing the gate in 

Nightingales in cages; plum blossoms. 

Kunisada (1785-1864) 

Seven gods of fortune. 

Portrait of Nakamura Utaroku, an actor. 

Dancing girl with crown and fan. 

Girl and child walking in the moonlight. 

Girl holding a fan. 

Girl holding umbrella; snowing. 

Girl playing with a child. 

Mother nursing her baby protected by a mosquito net. 

Woman in street attire. 

Woman making her toilet. 

Woman posing. 

Woman standing looking over left shoulder. 

Woman with umbrella; snow in background. 

Women at a well. 

Young boy with a fan, and a small box for crickets. 

Kunitame (attributed to) 
Plum blossoms. 

Kunitsuna (wk. mid. igth cent.) 
Courtyard of a temple. 

154 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Kuniyasu, Utagawa (1802-1836) 

Yoshiwara girl with an attendant. 

Rainfall at Karasaki (Eight views of Lake Biwa) 
Kuniyoshi (1788-1801) 

Boy carrying wood; another boy holding cloth. 

Girl reading a letter. 

Woman holding lantern, and attended by her maid. 

Yoshiwara girl. 

Raining on the bank of the Omumaya River. (Yedo) 
Masanobu, Okumura (1693-1768) 


Woman covering the eyes of a man, and blowing away his astral 

Moronobu, Hishikawa (1637-1716) 

Young man having his hair combed by a maid; on the left a 

woman writing a letter. 
Sadahide, Utag-awa. 

Eight views of Lake Biwa. 
Sadakage (Pupil of Kunisada) 

Yoshiwara girl standing by a lantern. 


Helmet on a plum tree. 
Shigenobu, Nishimura (worked 1830-1855) 

Boy turning a stone into a goat, with his magic stick. 

Lady walking attended by her servant who carries a box. 
Sbigenobu, Yanag-awa (1786-183:2) 

Female dancer standing with a fan. 


Lion dancers. 


Shunman (1780-1800) 

Girl playing ball with dog. 

Box containing samples of flowers. 

Wooden toy pigeon on top of a stick. 


Four seasons. 

Shunsho (1726-1792) 

Welcoming a guest ; Palace garden in background. 

Woman making her toilet, looking in a mirror he-Id by man sitting 
at her feet. 

View in a palace. 

Scene from the drama "Clmshingura." 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 155 


Cherry blossoms; with cabinet containing utensils for making tea . 

Decoration for New Year. 

Treasure ship. 
Tominobu (wk. early igth cent.) 

Woman carrying doll. 
Toyohiro (1773-1828) 

Magician raising dragon from an ash receiver. 

Royal family in a garden on a spring day, drawing pictures on 

Cock and hen. 

Two hens and sparrow. 
Toyokuni I. (1768-1825) 

Woman holding umbrella against an attack. 

Woman holding roll of silk. 

Two women in a garden. (Autumn scene) 

Fukurokujin and Daikoku. (Gods of Fortune wrestling) 

Woman posing, holding a paper scroll. 

Girl dancing. (Shiokumi, the name of the dance) 

Girl with pipe. 

Girls on the veranda look at the men wrestling. 

Woman standing near a bush. 

Woman standing with bleached cloth in her arm. 

Woman carrying pail filled with flowers. 

Warrior bearing a letter in a cleft stick. 

Girl dancing with a hobby-horse. 

Upper story of a Daimyo's villa, overlooking the sea. 

Women drawing water from a well which is decorated in honor 
of a New Year festival. 

Annual fireworks on Sumida river. (Yedo) 

In a Daimyo's garden. 

In Daimyo's garden. (Moonlight in the fall) 

Nobleman at a Hot Spring hotel. 

Picnic in the country. (Autumn scene) 

Scene from a Play. 

Portrait of an actor as Oishi Yoshio. 

Scene in a kitchen. 

Boy standing on wharf; purple iris beds in background. 
Toyokuni II. 

Portraits of Hashidate (2), Komurasaki, Shiratama, and Wakamu- 

Cooking. Preparing the fish. 

Woman admiring herself in a glass. 

Woman standing holding cloths in her right hand. 
Toyomasu, Ishikawa (worked 1740-1770) 

Children playing. 

Girl's festival. 

156 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Toyonobu (1711-1785) 

Two girls playing with a ball. 

Woman hanging out her dress to dry, standing on another woman 

who is lying on the grass. 
Tsukimaro (1753-1805) 

Two men carrying ' ' Kago ' ' on their shoulders while another man 

holds a lantern. 
TJtamaro (1753-1803) 

Angry baby. 


Two lovers, one with head-dress holding a scroll. 

Woman having her hair combed. 

Two women drying clothes. 

Two women walking, one holds an umbrella. 

Daughter receiving scroll from her mother. 

Girl with pipe. (Silvery background) 

Girl holding towel in her hands. (Silvery background) 

Child holding mask on its face, mother pretending to be scared. 

The ferry-boat. 

New Year's festival; before the shrine of the god of fortune. 

Child carried on the back of its sister. 

Making tea at young girls' festival. 

New Year's festival. (Boy receiving gifts) 

Three ladies gathering mussels. 

Mother protected by mosquito net, nursing her baby. 

Scenes from the play "Chushingura." Acts I-XII. 

Children looking into the peep-show. 
Yeisen, Keisai (1790-1848) 

Girl arranging her hair. 

Girl with wooden bucket. 

Three Yoshiwara girls, each standing by a cherry tree in blossom. 

Woman opening scroll. 

Woman holding scroll to her head. 

Woman with lantern. 
Yeisho, Fujiwara (worked 1781-1800) 

A promenade. 

Children at play, carrying cherry boughs. 
Yeizan, Kikukawa (worked 1810-1830) 

Woman holding a child on her arm. 

Woman writing a letter. 

Geisha girls in tea-house garden at night; tea-house in back- 

Garden of a tea-house. 

Woman walking holding a lantern. 

Yoshiwara girl with child attendant. 

Young lady and her looking-glass. 

Young beauty enjoying the cool of the evening. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 157 

Yeizan, Kikukawa (worked 1810-1830) 
Rain storm at eveninj. 

Geisha girl walking out in the moonlight in autumn. 
Ten o'clock at a tea-house. 
View of the Yoshiwara. 


Portrait of an actor. 

Yoshikazu, Utagawa. 

Yoshitsune playing on a flute. 
Yoshitoshi (worked 1850-1885) 

Page with an iris. 

Design of bowl. 

Festival dancing before the Cave Palace of Amaterasu. 

Morning at Yoshiwara. Snowing out-of-doors. 

Women in procession at cherry festival. 


Buncho Tani. 

Horse lying down. 


Man bathing in a tub. 


Man seated at a table. 

Man seated; cane in foreground. 

JMan seated with "Kamishimo." 

Doan Yamada. 


Gyosai Kawanabe. 

Scene from the farce "Kitsunetsuri." 


Devil chanting with a bell, dressed as a priest. Two prints. 



Hokusai Katsushika. 

Cucumber and eggplant. 

Radish in a pot, and a letter attached to a small stick. 

Kyuro Otsu. 

Blind man with musical instrument on his back. 

Female dancer at a July festival. 

Male dancer at a July festival. 

Man lifting a stone. 

Mother and her two children. 

Two brave attendants cf Minamoto Yorimitsu. 

158 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Matora Oishi. 

Kamo festival in Kyoto. 


Two travelers passing a mile-stone. 

" Yamabushi." 
Matora Oishi (attributed to) 

Children playing ' ' War. ' ' 

Cock-fight in court. 

Rice-pudding pedler. 

Three adult figures seated on a bench at Yoshiwara. 

Woman and male attendant. 

Prince Yamatodake disguised as a woman. 
Settso Koisozaki. 

Insects. Three prints. 

Night attack upon Kira's house by forty-seven Ronins. Ten 

Shinryu Watanabe. 

Small fishes in rapids. 

Utamaro (1753-1805) 

Woman nursing her baby. 
Zeshin Shibata. 

Teapot and plum blossoms. 
Anonymous (Chinese school) 

Copy of ' ' Kakemono ' ' picture. 
Anonymous (Kano school) 

Persimmon tree. 
Anonymous (Katsushika school) 

Bird and spider. 

Bird hunter. 

Chinaman with long pipe. 

Court servant sweeping in the garden. 

Mount Fuji and poet Saigyo. 

Ghost of badger corning out of a pot. 

Imps dancing around a fisherman. 

Landscape, in blue and white. [Mount Fuji] 

I/andscape, in blue and white. [Village in foreground] 

Landscape. (Snow scene) 

Man and woman walking in the moonlight. 

Man walking in the snow. 

Man yawning. 

Moso carrying the bamboo shoots on his shoulder. 

Old man yawning. 


Sennin and crane. 

Teacup and spoon. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 159 

Anonymous (Katsushika school) 

Three birds. 


Two men playing "Ken." 

Two rats and three jewels. 

Woman after bath. 

Woman standing with fan. 

Yebisu (god of fortune) carrying a basket of "tai" fish. 

Young dog. 
Anonymous (Tosa school) 

Demon breaking a coffin. 

Bamboo. Two prints. 

Bats and crescent moon 



Capital punishment. 

Characters in a Chinese novel entitled "Sei yuki." 

Child cleaning the ear of Hotei. 

Chinese lady. 

Chinese tyrant. 


Commander of army clad in armor of the middle ages. 

Court guard. 

Court servants resting. 

Crow and scattered leaves. 

Cuckoo and crescent moon. 

Daikoku standing on a bag of rice. 

Deserted boat. 

Kmpress Jingo and her minister Takenouchi. 

Figure studies. 


Five figure studies. 

Flower (cotton) 

Fox and rabbits. 

"Fua-fua." (Farce) 


Grape vine. Two prints. 

Hammer of Daikoku and mouse (his attendant) Two prints. 

' ' Hana-ton-zumo. ' ' ( Farce ) 

" Hochomuko. ' ' ( Farce) 

Horse galloping. 

Hotei by the bag. 

Hotei in the bag. 


' ' Kakiyamabushi. ' ' ( Farce ) 

"Kikyo," an autumnal flower. Two prints. 

i6o Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Kusunoki Masashige parting from his son. 


Man riding on another's back. 

Maple tree. 


Mount Fuji and pine tree. 

" Nio" (Guardian god of temple gate) and Yoshiwara girl. 

"Nios," guardian gods at the temple gate. Two prints. 

"No" dancer. 

Old man. 

Plum blossoms. Two prints. 

Portrait of Sugawara Michizane. Two prints. 

Priest holding a bowl. 

" Ran," a grass. 

Rice-peddler, rolling " usu " on the snow. Two prints. 

Rural occupations. 

Sennin and two child attendants. 

Sparrow and paste pot. 

" Suehirogan." (Farce) 

Taira Tadanori arresting a priest whom he took for a Demon. 

Three adult figures (male) 

Traveling priest. 

Two figures. 

' ' Uba-ga-y ado . " ( Farce ) 

Wild strawberry. 

Woman seated by a charcoal fire. 

Woman seated with a scroll before her. 

Woman standing. 

Wounded soldier drinking water. 

Yoshiwara girl standing by lantern. 

" Yukino-shita," a grass. 




Hiroshige I. (i793~ l8 59) 
Eight Views of Fuji. 

Arai, on the Tokaido road. 
Kanaya, District of Totomi. 
Miho of Okitsu, District of Suruga. 
Satta Mountain, District of Suruga. 
Shin Yoshiwara, Yedo. 
View of Takanawa, Yedo. 
View of Ueno Hill, Yedo. 
Yoshiwara, District of Suruga. 

Hokusai Katsushika. 

Monk destorying and burning up an image of Buddha. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 161 


Chrysanthemum by the stream. 

Pigeon perched on cherry bough. 

a. Individual works 

[An asterisk (*) indicates original drawings.] 

Bairei Kono. 

*Bairei Sense! Gwafu. Kyoto, 1880. 

Ko-giyo Zushiki. Okura, Tokyo, 1883. Vols. I, II, V. 
Bairin Kokunsai. 

Sketch 'Book. 1826. 

Beisen Kubota. 

Beisen Manyu Gwajo. Hakubunsha, Tokyo, 1889. 

Bijitsu Hin Gwafu. Okura, Tokyo, 1894. Vol. III. 

Boku-o Shingwa. Tsurugaya, Osaka, 1753. 5 vols. 
Bokusen Maki. 

Bokusen Sogwa. Kyoto. 

Kyogwa En. Izumiya, Tokyo, 1804. Vol. I. 
Buncho Tani. 

Buncho Gwafu. Ohashi, Nagoya, 1862. 2 vols. 

Meizan Zufu. Shohakudo, Tokyo, 1804. 3 vols. 

Tani Buncho Honcho Gwasan Daizen. Iwawoto, Tokyo, 1890. 

2 vols. 

*Sketch Book. 
Bunpo Kawamura. 

Bunpo Gwafu. Yanagiwara, Osaka, 1807, 1811. Vols. I, II. 
Original Ed. Yanagiwara, Osaka. Vols. I-III. Reprint. 

Bunpo Jingwa. Fugetsu, Nagoya, 1800. Original Ed. Yeira- 

kuya, Nagoya. Reprint. 
*Figure Designs. 

Kangwa Shinan. Hishiya, Kyoto, 1810. 3 vols. 

Kinpaen Gwafu. Hishiya, Kyoto, 1820. 
*Sketches of facial expression. 
Busoii Yohantei. 

Buson Sanju Roku Kasen. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1828. 

Sketch Book. 1780-1850. 

Kotoritsukai. Kawachiya, Osaka, 1805. 3 vols. 

1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


^Sketches. 1820. 
Fukuzensai Shofu. 

Ittpitsu, Gwafu. Tohekido, Nagoya, 1823. 

Album of Sketches. 

Zoku Akoya Bunko. Nagoya, 1797-1798. Vol. V. 
Goryo Maekawa. 

Koshi Heien no Zu. Jihei Tanaka, Kyoto, 1893. 2 vols. 
Gyokusho Kawabata. 

Illustrations from "No" dance and "Kyogen." Fukuendo, 

Tokyo, 1882. 
Gyosai (or Kyosai) Kawanabe. 

Bunmei Kwaigwa Hen. Tokyo, 1882. 

Gyosai Gwa Dan. Iwanioto, Tokyo, 1887. 4 vols. 

Gyosai Hyakki Gwadan. Butokudo, Tokyo, 1889. 

Gyosai Hyakuzu. Wakasaya, Tokyo, 1831-1889. 9 vols. 

Gyosai Mangwa. Chikira, Tokyo, iSSi. Vol. I. 

Illustrated proverbs. Tokyo. 

Kyosai Gwafu. Tokyo. 
Hanbei Shokosai. 

Masukagami. Osaka, 1789. Vol. I. 
Harunobu Suzuki (1705-1772). 

Harunobu Gwajo, 1770. Vol. I. 
Haruyoshl Yamamoto. 

Honcho Hyakusho Den. 1853. 
Hauzan Matsukawa. 

Hesono Yadogae. 12 vols. 

^Original hand drawing of ' ' Hesonoyadogae. ' ' 6 vols. 
Hirokag-e and Hoki. 

Comic views of Yedo. 

Hiroshige I. (i793-!859)- 

* Album of sceneries and customs. 
*Free-hand sketches. 

Illustrations of the fifty -tiiree towns on Tokaido (Eastern seaside 
road) and three great cities. (Small-sized album.) Aritaya, 
Illustrations of the fifty-three towns on Tokaido (Eastern seaside 

road). (Large-sized album.) Tokyo. 
Oyedo Meisho. Tokyo. 

Sho-shoku Gwatsu. Shorindo, Yedo. Vol. II. 
Sohitsu Gwafu. Kinsho-do, Tokyo, 1850. Vol. II. 
Yedo Ilaiiabi Senryo. Vol. II. 
Yehon Yedo Miyage. Kinkado, Tokyo,' 1861. Vols. I, II, VIII. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 163 

Hiroshige II. 

Flowers and sceneries. 1877. 

Hoitsu TJka. 

Kenzan Iboku. kyoto, 1826. 

Hokuba Teisai (1800-1840). 
*Costume Sketches. Tokyo. 

Hokusai Katsushika (1760-1849). 

Album illustrating Japanese and Chinese legends. Tokyo. 
Eiyu Zue. Osaka, Tokyo, 1825. 
Fuji Hyaku Kei. Tohekido, Nagoya, 1834. 
Hokusai Dochugwafu. Tohekido, Tokyo. 
Hokusai Gwaen. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1832. Vols. I-III. 
Hokusai Gwafu. Tohekido, Tokyo, 1849. 3 vols. 
*Hokusai Gwajitsu Jo. Tokyo. Vol. I. 
Hokusai Gwaroku. Hishiya, Nagoya, 1813. 
Hokusai Mangwa. Eirakuya, Nagoya, 1814. Vols. I-XII. 

Original Ed. 

Hokusai Mangwa. Katano, Nagoya, 1875. Vols. I-XV. Reprint. 
Hokusai Shashin Gwafu. Meguro, Tokyo, 1891. Reprint. 
Hyakimoonogatari. ( Pictures of ghosts. ) Tokyo. Vol.1. 
Joruri Zekku. Tokyo. 
Joruri Zue. Vol. I. 
Katsushika Shinso Gwafu. Matsumura, Tokyo, 1890. 2 vols. 

Manshoku Zuko. Gungyokudo, Osaka. Vol. V, 1850, Vol. II, 

Nippon Bijitsu Taito, Hokusai Gwafu. Chugado, Osaka. 

Vols. II-IV. 

Santai Gwafu. Yeirakuya, Nagoya, 1816. 
Shin Hinagata. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1836. 
Shuga Tehon. Kaishinro, Tokyo, 1892. Reprint. 
Sketches. Tokyo. 

Yehon Azuma Asobi. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1802. Vols. I-III. 
Yehon Kokei. Suzanbo, Tokyo, 1834. Vols. I-II. 
Yedo Meisho Zue. Tokyo. 
Yehon Onna Imagawa. Tokyo. 
Yehon Sakigake. Suzanbo, Tokyo, 1836. Vols. I-III. 

Hokusai Katsushika and Toyokuni. 

Retsujo Hyakunin Isshu. Yamaguchiya, Tokyo, 1847. 

Hokyo Kangetsu. 

Sankai Meisan Zue. 1798. Vols. I, III-V. 

Honen Tsukioka. 

Shusho Suiko den. Ohashido, Tokyo. Vol. III. 

Hoyen Nishikawa. 

* Album of sketches. 

164 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Ichiro Yashima. 

Ichiro Gwafu. Gwasendo, Tokyo, 1781. Vol. II. 
Itcho Hanabusa (1651-1724) 

Guncho Gwayei. Yejima, Tokyo, 1769. 3 vols. 

Gwahon Shuyo. Tokyo, 1751. Vols. I-II. 

Itcho Gwafu. Tokyo, 1770. 

Itcho Kyogwa Shu. Meguro, Niigata, 1888. Reprint. 

Kwaidan Hanafubuki. Hokurindo, Tokyo, 1836. Vol. I. 
Kanenari Akatsuki. 

Yodogawa Ryogan Shokei Zue. Osaka. 
Kansai Ichikawa. 

Kansai Gwafu. Su-shido, Tokyo, 1891-1893. Vols. I, III, V. 

Kason Suzuki. 

Nitshin Senso Yemaki. Shunyodo, Tokyo, 1895. Vols. II, III, V. 


* Free-hand sketches. Vols. XVI-XIX. 

Keika Haseg-awa. 

Biko-zukan. Matashichi Torii, Kyoto, 1897. 2 vols. 


* Sketches. 

Keisai Kitao (died 1824) 

Cho-ju Ryakugwa Shiki. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1797. 

Hhon Takauji Kunkoki. 1800. 

Gyo-bai Ryakugwa Shiki. Sho-yei Do, Tokyo, 1884. Reprint. 

Jin-butsu Ryakugwa Shiki. Shin-sho Do, Tokyo, 1799. Vol. I. 

Keisai Ryakugwa Shiki. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1795. 

Keisai Sogwa. Eirakuya, Tokyo. Vols. I, III, IV. 

Sansui Ryakugwa Shiki. Shunpudo, Tokyo, 1800. 

Soka Ryakugwa Shiki. Tokyo. 

Kiho Kawamura. 

Kiho Gwafu. Seiho Do, Kyoto, 1824. 


Kyoka Sode Tsuzura. Shikaisai, 1812. 

Kinsa Urakawa. 

Yehon Hayamanabi. Kochiya, Osaka, 1848. 

Kocho TJeda. 

Kocho Gwafu. Kawachiya, Osaka, 1834. 2 vols. 

Kocho Gwafu Nihan. Shekigyokuho, Osaka, 1849. Vols. I-II. 

Kocho .Ryakugwa. 1863. 

Kocho Ryakugwa. Tokyo. 


Kwaidan Gwahon. Kobundo, Kyoto. Vol. I. 

Division of Prints -Noyes Collection 165 

Korin Ogata. 

Korin Gwafu. Tauka, Kyoto, 1891. 

Korin Gwafu. Kinkado, Kyoto, ist Ed. 1802. 2 vols. Reprint. 

Korin Gwashiki. Okura, Tokyo, 1889. ist Ed. 1818. Reprint. 

Korin Hyakuzu Kohen. Hakubun Kan, Tokyo, 1891. Vols. 

Korin Hyakuzu. Hakubun Kan, Tokyo, 1894. Vols. I-II. 

Korin Jyunizu. Kokkado, Tokyo, 1894. 

Korin Shinsen Hyakuzu. Matsumoto, Kyoto, 1891, ist Ed. 1864. 

2 vols. Reprint. 
Kuiiinao TJtagawa. 

Shinji Andon. Yeirakuya, Nagoya. Vol. IV. 

Shinji Gwafu. Kobaien, Nagoya. 

Kunisada TJtagawa. 

Akegarasu Sumieno Ucbikake. Koeido, Tokyo, 1863. Vol. V, 

Part I; Vol. VI, Parts I-II. 
Goshozakura Baisbo Roku. Kinkyodo, Tokyo, 1861. Vols. 

vShiranui Monogatari. Hiro-oka Ya, Tokyo. Vol. XXXVI, 

Part II. 

Musobei. Sanoya, Tokyo, 1858. Vol. II, Part II; Vol. Ill, 

Part II. 
Kuniyoshi Ikusa. 

Yedo Hanabi Senryo. Tokyo. 
Kuniyoshi Utagawa. 

Shinji Andon. Toheki Do, Nagoya. Vol. II. 

Iroha Bunko. Kansendo, Tokyo, 1861. Vol. V, Part I. 

Kyuro Baitei. 

Kyuro Gwafu. Buncho Do, Kyoto, 1797. 

Mannen Suzuki. 

Yamato Niskiki. Bunkyudo, Kyoto, 1888-1891, 4 vols. 

Masanobu Okumura (1685-1764) 
Ancient Designs. 

Matora Oishi. 

Harikae Andon. Tohekido, Nagoya . 
Shinji Andon. Kobaien, Nagoya, 1829. 
Sogwa Hyakubutsu. Tsurugaya, Osaka, 1832. 

Minwa Aikawa. 

Bungwa Hyaku Nyo. Maikawa, Tokyo, 1814. 

Mitsunobu Hasegawa. 

Tobae Fude Byoshi. Kajita, Nagoya, ist Ed. 1772. 2 vols. 


Toba Meihitsu Gwafu, 

1 66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Morikuni Tachibana. 

Unpitsu Sogwa. Nishiniura, Tokyo, 1749. Vol. II. 
Moriyoshi Shin-o-sai. 

Tama Hiroi. Bunkai Do, Toyama. 

* Nangaku Gwahon. 
Nangaku and Bunpo. 

Shukyo Gwafu. Kawachiya, Osaka, 1811. 
Nankai Suzuki. 

*Sanjuroku Kasen. 1822. 
Okyo Maruyama. 

Okyo Gwafu. Fujii, Kyoto, ist Ed. 1837; 2d Ed. 1893. 2 vols. 

Biusen Shigenobu. 

Riusen Gwafu. Minoya, Nagoya, 1834. 
Ryusai Shigeharu. 

Yakusha Sangokushi. Bunkindo, 1831. 

Meihitsu Gwafu. Kinzuido, Tokyo, 1859. Vol. II. 

*Seisho Gwafu. 

Kyoka Meisho Fuso Zue. Shunyutei, 1835. Vol. I. 
Sekien Toriyama. 

Hyakki Yako. Naganoya, Tsu, 1805. 

Hyakki Yako Shui. Naganoya, Tsu, 1805, isted. 1781. Reprint. 


Tategu Hinagata. Vol. I. 

*Jinbutsu Jo. 

* Senshun Gwajo. 

* Sketches. 
*Sogajb. 4 vols. 


Yehon Shuyo. Yamazaki, Tokyo, 1871. Vols. II-III. 

*Jinbutsu Kwacho. 1825. 
Settan Hasegawa. 

Yedo Meislio Zue. Tokyo, 1830. Vol. I. 
Settan and Settei. 

Yedo Saijiki. Sunoharaya, Tokyo, 1838. 2 vols. 
Settso Koisomae. 

*Settso Sensei Gwafu. 
Shigeharu Ryusai. 

Niju-shi-ko. Vol. I. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 167 

Shigenobu Kawashima. 

Yononaka Hyakushu Yesho. Iniai, Kyoto, 1722. 
Shigenobu Yanagawa. 

Yehon Fujibakama. Tokyo. 

^Sketches after Korin, Keisai, and others. 
Shokei Yamada. 

Nippon Shinkei Gwafu. Aokido, Osaka, 1893. 

Shokiken Bokusofu. 1759. Vol. I. 
Shokosai and Tokei. 

Kenkai Sumo Zue. Umemoto, Osaka, 1883, ist ed. 1809. 2 vols. 

Uminosachi. Tokyo, 1762. 
Shonen Suzuki. 

Shonen Sansui Gwafu. Suzando, Tokyo, 1893. 
Shunsen Takehara. 

Bhon Hyaku Monogatari. Katsumura, Kyoto, 1841. 5 vols. 

Mono-yu-Hana. 1781. 
Sojun Yamaguchi. 

Sojun Sansui Gwafu. Vol. I. 

Yamato Jinbutsu Gwafu. Fujii, Kyoto, 1804. Vol. II. 

Shoshoku Gwafu. Yamashiroya, Kyoto, 1837. 
Sukenobu Nishikawa. (1671-1751) 

Customs of women. Tokyo. 

Nippon Masukagami. Tokyo. Vol. II. 

*Bamboo and flower. 
Takekiyo Kita. 

Collection of poems with the portraits of poets. Sunoharaya, 

Tokyo, 1810. 
Toshu Tamate 

Kaiko Shingwa. 
Toyohiro TJtagawa (1773-1820) 

Kyo-gwa Jo 
Toyokuni Utagawa (1776-1835) 

Omisoka Akebono Zoohi. Koyedo, Tokyo. 

Yakusha Sodeka-gami. Tokyo, 1804. 

Yedo Hanabi Senryo. Tokyo. 
Tsunenobu Kano. 

Album of drawings. 

*Picture album. 
UB 1906 12 

1 68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Kyogwa Awase. 1876. 
Utamaro Utag-awa. 

Churui Gwafu. Okura, Tokyo, 1892. Reprint. 


^Sketches. 1866. 
Yeisen Keisai. 

Buyu Sakigake. Tohekido, Nagoya, 1885. 

Keisai Sogwa. Sunoharaya, Nagoya, 1842. 

Keisai Ukiyo Gwafu. Sunoharaya, Nagoya. Vols. I-II. 

Shinji Andon. Vols. Ill, V. 

Yehon Nishiki no Fukuro. Gungiokudo, Osaka, 1828. Vol. I. 

Yeisen Gwafu. Sunoharaya, Tokyo. Vol. I. 

Yeiyu Gwashi. Tokyo. Vol. I. 
Yeisenin Kano. 

^Collection of Sketches. 
Yeitaku Sensai. 

Banbutsu Hinagata Gwafu. Vols. II-V. 

Sensai Yeitaku Gwafu. Kineido, Tokyo, 1884. Vol. I. 
Yetsuoku Sanjin. 

*Kyoka Hyakunin Ishu. 
Yisai Katsushika. 

Sai-gwa Zushiki. Tokyo, 1864. Vol. IV. 

Yisai Gwashiki. Hoshudo, Osaka, 1864. Vol. I. 
Yosai Kikuchi (1787-1878) 

Kikuchi Yosai Gwafu. Okura, Tokyo, 1891. 2 vols. 


Kumanaki Tsuki. Hiro-oka Ya, Tokyo, 1867. 

Yoshichika Utag-awa. 

Shiranui Monogatari. Kiku-ju-do, Tokyo. Vol. XXXVIII, 

Part II. 

Ansei Kenbun Roku. Tokyo, 1856. 
Yoshiharu TJtagawa. 

*Gwa jo. 
Yoshitora Utag-awa. 

Komei Buyuden. Sansendo, Tokyo. 


Sakura Soshi Gonichi no Bundan. Kinkyo Do, Tokyo, 1862. 

Vol. IV, Part II. 
Yoshitoshi Tsukioka. 

Album of Pictures. Okura, Tokyo, 1890. 

Yuho Tanaka. 

Bijitsu Oyo. Bunkyndo, Tokyo, 1890. Vol. II. 
Kogei vSliiny.u. Tanaka, Kyoto, 1892. Vol. II. 

Division of Prints Noyes Collection 169 

Zaisen Hara. 

Zaisen Shugwa Cho. Tanaka, Kyoto, 1889. 
Zeshin Shibata. 

Sketches. Tokyo, 1885. 

^Collection of Designs. 
^Copies and Sketches. 

Daily Ethics. 

Flowers. Vol. 2. 

General Instruction in Handdrawing. Tokyo. 

Guide Book of Yedo. 

Gwafu. Vols. II, IV. 

Gwahon Soshi. 

Gwaiban Yobo Zue. Toshundo, Tokyo, 1854. 2 vols. 

Ikebana Koromo no Ka. Kyoto, 1799. 4 vols. 
^Illustrated description of " Jiujitsu." 
^Illustrated shorter Poems. Vols. I-III. 

Instructions in drawing the Bamboo. 2 vols. 
*Jinbutsu Gwajo. 
*Jinbutsu Shikusha. 

Kakuchu Enzu. 2 vols. 

Keihitsu Tobaguruma. 4 vols. 

Kishi Enpu. 3 vols. 

Kogata Gwajo. 

Komochi Nezumi Hana no Yamauba. 1826. Vol. I. 
*Kyo Gwa Kau. 1875. 

Kyoka Hyakumono Gatari. 1853. 8 vols. 

Kyoka Momochidori. 1857. 

Manshoku Zushiki. Sanyushoro, Kyoto. Vol. II. 

Nezumi no Yomeiri. Shinanoya, Kyoto. 

Nippon Hyakusho Itseki Banashi. Vol. V. 

Ojo-Yoshu. Hishiya, Kyoto, ist Ed. 1689, 2nd Ed. 1790. 3 vols. 

Oshie Hayamanabi. Kyoto. Vol. I. 

Pictorial Illustrations of Daily conducts. 

Rikisha Chikara Awase. 

Ruisei Sogwa. Funsho Do, Osaka. 1724. 

Saitan Fuso Meishozu. 1799. 

Sankai Meisan Zue. Vol. II. 

Shintoku Nara Miyage. Kyoto, 1654. 

Shoshoku Jinbutsu Gwafu. Yoshidaya, Tokyo, 1859. 
*Soka Yetehon. 
'^Studies and Sketches. 7 vols. 

Tengu no Tawamure. 2 vols. 

Toba Caricature. 

Toba. 2 vols. 

Toba Ogino Mato. 3 vols. 

170 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Toba Sangoku Shi. Vol. II. 
Toba picture. Vol. II. 
Views of Mount Fuji. 
Yamato Jinbutsu Gwafu. Vols. I, II. 
Yamato Shikyo. 1770. Vol. i. 
Yeguchi ai Fukube no Tsuru. Sunoharaya, Tokyo. 
Yehon Fuzoku Kagami. 2 vols. 
Yehon Hayamanabi. Tokyo, 1857. 
Yehon Kunkoso. Vols. VI, VIII. 
Yehon Miyako Asobi. 
Yehon Takauji Kunkoki. 
*Yetehon. 8 vols. 

b. Collected works 

* Album of celebrated Drawings. 
Album of Drawings of Chinese schools. 
Album of fan pictures. By Hokusai and others. 2 vols. 
Album of Nishikie. 3 vols. 

Album of pictures by celebrated artists. 1804-1850. 
Album of pictures by various artists. 
Album of sketches. Vol. I. 

Bijitsu Sekai. Shunyodo, Tokyo, 1890-1891. Vols. I-III, XXIV. 
Collection of Caricatures. Tokyo. 

Collections of " Nishikiye. " 1750-1850. Albums I-XV. 
Collection of theatrical illustrations. 1790-1860. Nos. I-1I. 
Edehon. 1300-1800. Vol. III. 

Gokinai Sanbutsu Zue. Shioya, Osaka, 1813. 5 vols. 
Gwa-ei. 1400-1800. Vols. V, VI. 
Hengaku Kihan. 1574-1728. Vol. II. 
Hoka Shu. 1804-1850. 

Illustrated Calendar. Thosheiro, Tokyo, 1801. 
Illustrations of the short poems ( ' ' Hokku " ) . Albums I-IX. 
Katsura no Tsuyu. 
Kogwa Shu. 

Kwa-cho Jo. 1850-1890. 
Kwaigwa Jo. Okura, Tokyo, 1892. 2 vols. 
Meihitsu Gwafu. 1805-1870. 4 vols. 
Meihitsu Jo. 1840. 

Miyako Meisho Gwafu. Aoki, Osaka, 1890. 2 vols. 
Musashino. Kokkado, Tokyo, 1880-1900. 

Nippon Rekishi Gwaho. Okura, Tokyo, 1892. Vols. VII, VIII. 
Posters and Programs of the shows and theaters in Osaka. Vari- 
ous Pub., 1820-1860. 
Studies and clippings. 

Yamashiro Meisho Fugetsu Shu. 1884. Vols. I-II. 
Yezoshi Fukuro Harikae Jo. 1780-1830. Album Nos i, 2 



Accessions, 1905-6 16-20 

Documents, statistics ; . . 38 

Law library, statistics 41 

Manuscripts 20-33 

List of 127-139 

Maps and charts, statistics , 43 

Music, statistics 48 

Periodicals, statistics 50 

Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 16-17 

Prints, statistics 50, 53 

List of 141-170 

Alvord, Thomas G 9 

Andrews, Charles M., Remarks on Stevens Catalogue Index. . . 28-31 

Appointments 10 

Appropriation acts, 1906-7 85-89 

-Appropriations and expenditures, 1905-6 (tables) 83 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1905-1907 (tables) 7, 79 

Bequests 17-19 

Bibliography, Division of, Publications of 61-63 

Typewritten lists of 65-67 

Binding and repair 53 

Blind, Reading room for the 67 

Boyd, Allen R 10 

Bradley, George Lothrop, gift of 51 

Broadsides, accessions 136-137 

Brown, Senator James, papers of 23 

Building and grounds, Report of the Superintendent of the 

Library 69-80 

Burchard, Edwaid L 9 

Calhoun, John C., letters of 25 

California, Spanish archives, loss of 32-33 

Card Section, Cards, orders for 5^-59 

Cards, sale of 57-5$ 

Cards, stock of 59 

Cards for Government documents 60 

Depository libraries 59~6o 

Publications of 63 

Subscribers classified 57 

Subscribers to the cards 57 


172 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Cards, distribution of printed catalogue. 57~6o 

Care and maintenance 77~78 

Catalogue Division 54~57 

Catalogue rules 55 

Cataloguing, Classification and 54-56 

Classification and cataloguing 54-56 

Conferences, Copyright 14-16, 111-125 

Contents of the library, 1905-6 16 

Continental Congress, Journals of 34~35 

Contingent expenses (tables) 83 

Cooperation in cataloguing 56 

Copyright bill Statement by the Librarian 111-125 

Copyright Conferences 14-16, 1 1 1-125 

Copyright legislation and international copyright relations. . . 98-101 

Copyright Office, Register of Copyrights, report 91-101 

Articles deposited, 1897-1906 (tables) no 

Bulletins 94~95 

Business, 1905-6 (tables) 105 

Business prior to July i, 1897 13-14, 97 

Catalogue and Index 93 

Catalogue of dramatic compositions 98 

Catalogue of title entries 93 

Certificates 92 

Circulars 94 

Copyright catalogue, new series 93~94 

Current business , 13 

Current work 96-97 

Deposits 9 2 , 93. 97 

Entries 92, 95 

Entries, 1901-1906 (tables) 109 

Expenditures 91 

Fees, etc 9 r ~9 2 > 96 

Fees, 1905-6 (tables) 103, 104 

Index cards 93 

Publications 94~95 

Receipts 1 2, 91, 95 

Receipts, 1905-6 (tables) 102 

Registrations - 92, 95-96 

Salaries * 91 

Statistics 1 1 

Statistics, 1897-1906 (tables) 106-109 

Titles recorded 97 

Uncleared deposits 98 

Copyright treaty, 1906 101 

Corwin, Thomas, correspondence of 26 

Index 173 


Department of State, MSS. from 26-27 

Documents, Division of 38-41 

Accessions, statistics 38 

English records, Transcripts of 32, 137-139 

Equipment 67, 72, 74-77 

Expenditures, Appropriations and, 1905-6 (tables) 83 

Expenditures, Appropriations and, 1905-1907 (tables) 7, 79 

Expenditures, contingent (tables) 83 

Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc 77-?8 

Finance 7-9 

Fitzpatrick, John C 36 

Franklin, Benjamin, List of papers of 34, 36 

Fuel, light, etc. , Expenditures 77-?8 

Furniture and shelving 73~74 

Galloway MSS 24-25 

Garrett, T. Harrison, loan collection 52 

Garrett, Mrs 52 

Garrison, Wendell P 23 

Gifts, Law Library 41-42 

Manuscripts 20-24 

Manuscripts, 1905-6, List of 127-129 

Prints 51-53 

Collection of prints by Japanese artists, list of 141-170 

Guittard, Claude B 10 

Increase of the library 16 

Index to Comparative legislation 8-9 

International copyright relations, Copyright legislation and. . 98-101 

Japanese prints, etc. , List of . 141170 

Kane, Grenville 52 

Kauffmann, Samuel Hay, bequest of 18 

Kent gift 22 

Kent, Edwin C 22 

Kent, William 22 

Kingsbury , Susan M 37, 38 

Law Indexes 8-9 

Law Library 41-42 

Accessions, statistics 41 

Gifts 41-42 

Purchases 4 2 

Legislation needed 68 

Librarians, 1802-1906 5 

Lincoln, Charles Henry 37 

Lowery, Woodbury, bequest of 18-19 

McGuffey, Margaret D 10 

MacLean, J. P 17 

174 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Manuscript maps 4 V47 

Manuscripts, Division of 20-38 

Accessions 20-1* 

Accessions, 1905-6, list of 127-139 

Gifts ......'... 20-24 

Gifts, 1905-6, list of 127-129 

Publications 34-36, 63 

Purchases 24-26 

Work 33-34 

Manuscripts from Department of State 26-27 

Maps and charts, Division of 43-48 

Accessions, statistics 43 

Markoe, Francis, papers of 25 

Martel, Charles n 

Meyer, H. H. B 10 

Morris, Stuyvesant Fish 20 

Music, Division of 48-50 

Accessions, statistics 48 

Naval records of the Revolution 36-37 

Newspapers, accommodations for 74~77 

Noyes, Crosby S., gift of 51-52 

Collection of prints by Japanese artists, list of 141-170 

Officers, list of 5-6 

Paterson, Emily K 21 

Paterson's notes of Constitutional Convention 21-22 

Periodicals, Division of, Accessions, statistics 50 

Printed books and pamphlets, Accessions, statistics 16-17 

Prints, Division of 50-53 

Accessions, statistics 50 

Classified accessions, 1905-6 53 

Collection of prints by Japanese artists, given by Mr. Crosbv 

S. Noyes, list of 141-170 

Exhibits 53 

Gifts 51-53 

Purchases 53 

Publications of the Library, 1905-6 61-63 

Publications, Distribution of 64 

Reading room for the blind 67 

Recataloguing 54-55 

Repair, Binding and 53 

Repair of MSS 34 

Resignations 91, ! I 

Robertson, Mrs. A. J 23 

Rosengarten, Joseph George 23 

Savannah, Ga., Custom-house papers 24 

Schmidt, A. F. W n 

Index 175 


Scratchley, H. P 22 

Service ._ 9-1 1 

Shaker literature 17 

Shoemaker, Charles G 17 

Shoemaker, William Lukens, bequest of 17-18 

Slauson, Allan B _. TO 

Spanish archives of California, loss of 32-33 

Staff, Library 5-6 

Stevens Catalogue Index of Manuscripts 27-31 

Stevens transcripts 31-32 

Stinson, Miss M. V 38 

Superintendent of the Library building and grounds 69-80 

Taylor, John R. M 23 

Taylor, Zachary, letters of 23 

Transcripts of English records 3 I ~3 2 

List of 137-139 

Trumbull, Senator Lyman, papers of 25 

Unexpended balances 80 

Van Buren, Martin, papers of 20-21 

Van Buren, Mrs. Smith Thompson 20 

Virginia Company of London, Records of 37~38 

Visitors to the Library, statistics 72 

Washington, George, Calendar of correspondence of 34, 35 

Diaries of 25-26 

Whistler, Mrs. Thomas 52 


U.S. Library of Conp;ross 

Report of the Librarian 
U57A2 of Congress