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Full text of "Report of state commission for erection of monument to Ninth New Jersey volunteers at New Berne, North Carolina. Dedication National cemetery, New Berne, N. C., May 18, 1905"

NEW JERSEYS 

NINTH REGIMENT 

1861 - 1005 




-t- 




THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



REPORT OF STATE COMMISSION FOR 
ERECTION OF MONUMENT TO NINTH 
NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS, AT NEW 
BERNE, NORTH CAROLINA 



WHOSE HB9K DEAD UE 
UI1IEO TWS CtMETERY 

(86 | MBS 

ERECTEB 1805, 





1861 



1865 



MUSTERED IN OCTOBEK. 1861 
MUSTERED OUT JULY, 1865 
TOTAL ENLISTMENTS 2,720 MEN 



THREE YEARS AND NINE MONTHS 
OF CONTINUED ACTIVE SERVICE 
IN THE FIELD 



REPORT OF STATE COMMISSION 

FOR ERECTION OF MONUMENT 

TO 

NINTH NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS 

AT 

NEW BERNE, NORTH CAROLINA 



DeDication 

NATIONAL CEMETERY, NEW BERNE, N. C. 
MAY 18, 1905 





JOHNC.W1N5TONCO. 

PHILADELPHIA. 



IHZ 



Ci)i0 Cestimomal Eeport 

Of State Commission for erection of the Monument in 
the National Cemetery at New Berne, North Carolina, 
by the State of New Jersey, in honor of her Ninth 
Regiment of Volunteer Infantry 

is Dedicated to 

His EXCELLENCY, GOVERNOR E. C. STOKES. 



587175 



PREFACE 



Qreface 



While on a trip through the South in the fall of 
1901, Lieutenant E. H. Green, in visiting the National 
Cemetery at New Berne, North Carolina, was impressed 
by the fact that, while other Northern States had erected 
monuments to their dead, the State of New Jersey had 
no fitting memorial there, notwithstanding that her Ninth 
Regiment of Volunteer Infantry have eighty of their dead 
resting in that Cemetery. 

Upon his return home, Lieutenant Green brought 
the matter to the attention of the Ninth Regiment Vet- 
eran Volunteer Association at the Annual Reunion of 
the Regiment, and a Committee representing that Asso- 
ciation was appointed by its President, General James 
Stewart, Jr., to place it before the State authorities. 

But little progress, however, was made until the 
latter part of the year 1903, when Lieutenant Colonel 
Samuel Hufty came to the aid of Lieutenant Green, and 
together they at once began an active personal campaign, 
enlisting the support of State Senators and Assemblymen, 
and appearing before the Senate Committee on Appro- 
priations. 

Their efforts were finally successful, and on March 
1st, 1904, a bill appropriating the sum of five thousand 
dollars for the purpose of erecting and dedicating a monu- 
ment in memory of the Ninth New Jersey Regiment of 
Volunteer Infantry was introduced by Senator William 
J. Bradley of Camden County, unanimously passed by 
both Houses of the Legislature, and signed by Governor 
Franklin Murphy. 



CONTENTS 



Contents 

PAGE 

REPORT OF STATE COMMISSION FOR ERECTION OF MONUMENT 
TO NINTH NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS, AT NEW BERNE, 

NORTH CAROLINA i 

DEDICATION 7 

PREFACE 1 1 

ACT OF ASSEMBLY AUTHORIZING ERECTION OF MONUMENT. ... 19 

APPOINTMENT OF THE COMMISSION AND^CONSTRUCTION OF THE 

MONUMENT 25 

DESCRIPTION OF MONUMENT 31 

ARRANGEMENT FOR DEDICATIONS . . .' 35 

THE TRIP SOUTH 39 

THE UNVEILING EXERCISES 63 

PRESENTATION OF BEAUFORT PLOWBOY FLAG 89 

BANQUET 97 

LETTERS OF THANKS 101 

ADDENDA 107 



ACT OF ASSEMBLY AUTHORIZING 
ERECTION OF MONUMENT 



Act of Assembly Authorising (Erection of JTIonument 



Senate Bill No. 176, State of New Jersey, Introduced March 1, 1904, by Mr. 
Bradley, Referred to Committee on Appropriations. 

An Act to fittingly commemorate the memory and services of the soldiers of the Ninth Regi- 
ment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, who are buried in the National Cemetery at 
New Berne, North Carolina, and appropriating the sum of five thousand dollars for the 
erection and expenses of the dedication of a suitable monument with which to mark 
their final resting places. 

BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly of the State 
of New Jersey: 

1. In order to fittingly commemorate the memory and in recog- 
nition of the services of the soldiers of the Ninth Regiment New Jersey 
Volunteer Infantry, who gave up their lives in defense of the nation, 
and who lie buried in the National Cemetery at New Berne, North 
Carolina, the sum of five thousand dollars is hereby appropriated 
from the funds in the State Treasury not otherwise appropriated 
for the erection and dedication of a suitable monument to be erected 
in said National Cemetery. 

2. That for the carrying out and execution of the provisions of 
this statute the Governor shall appoint three Commissioners from 
among the surviving members of the said Ninth Regiment New Jersey 
Volunteer Infantry, to serve without compensation, whose duty it 
shall be to select a suitable monument as provided for in the first sec- 
tion of this act, and to superintend the erection of and to take charge 
of the dedication of the said monument; all the expenses attending 
the selection, erection and dedication of said monument shall be paid 
out of and shall not exceed the said sum of five thousand dollars. 

3. The said Commission, when appointed, shall select one of 
their number as treasurer of the Commission. 

(19) 



4. The Treasurer of the State shall, on the warrant of the Com- 
troller, pay to the treasurer of said Commission the moneys hereby 
appropriated. 

5. The treasurer of the Commission shall, upon the completion 
of the monument and dedication thereof, report to the Governor of 
the State a full account of all the expenditures of said Commission, 
and cover into the Treasury of the State the unexpended balance, 
if any, of the appropriation. 

6. This act shall take effect immediately. 

After the awarding of the contract for the monument, it was 
discovered that there would not be sufficient funds in the hands of 
the commission to properly dedicate same in the manner in which it 
should be done, it being the desire that the Governor of New Jersey 
and Staff should participate in the event, and entertain the Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina. General James Stewart and Lieutenant 
E. H. Green therefore went to Trenton, N. J., and appeared before 
the Senate Committee on Appropriations, and requested an addi- 
tional appropriation for this purpose. An additional amount of 
$1500 was promptly granted for this purpose, and made part of the 
original appropriation. 



SOV. EDWRD C. STOKES 



ADJ.GEN.R.HEBER BREINT 

or H J. 




APPOINTMENT OF THE COMMISSION 
AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE MONUMENT 



Appointment of tfye Commission anb Construction of 

tfye monument 



As Commissioners to carry out the provisions of the act, Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy appointed General James Stewart, Jr., Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Samuel Hufty and Lieutenant E. H. Green, all offi- 
cers of the Ninth Regiment. 

The Commissioners promptly met and effected an organization 
by electing General James Stewart, Jr., President; Lieutenant 
Colonel Samuel Hufty, Treasurer, and Lieutenant E. H. Green, 
Secretary. 

Proposals and designs were solicited from prominent stone and 
monument establishments in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York 
and New England. After careful consideration of the numerous 
designs submitted, it was deemed advisable, before reaching a decision, 
that one of the Commissioners should visit the National Cemetery 
at New Berne in order to select a proper site for the monument, 
and also to aid the Commission in making selection of a design that 
would conform to the environments. 

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Hufty, therefore, by direction of the 
Commission, made a trip to New Berne, went carefully and thor- 
oughly over the ground, and, after consultation with Major Gardner 
P. Thornton, the United States Government's representative at New 
Berne in charge of the Cemetery, selected a site immediately in rear 
of the five rows containing the bodies of the Ninth's soldiers, and 
adjoining the main drive through the Cemetery. 

Upon his return, Lieutenant Colonel Hufty reported to the 
Commission that the original intention of erecting a shaft of any 
great height, as well as placing the monument on a terrace, would 
have to be abandoned, the foliage and shrubbery being so dense, 
and the general topography of the surroundings of such a nature 

(25) 



26 

that the imposing effect attained by a shaft, under ordinary cir- 
cumstances, would be entirely lost. 

The services of a draughtsman were, therefore, secured by 
the Commission, and a special design and specifications prepared 
to meet the requirements of the situation. 

A copy of the specifications and design having been submitted 
to the Quartermaster of the United States Army at Washington, 
D. C., and by him approved, bids were then regularly advertised 
for and invited, and contract finally awarded to the lowest bidder 
M. C. Lyons' Son, Camden, N. J. 



DESCRIPTION OF MONUMENT 



Description of JHormment 



The monument is a 'beautiful and substantial memorial, con- 
structed throughout in accordance with specifications prepared 
by the State Commission, of the best dark Barre granite, resting 
on a solid concrete foundation constructed under the requirements 
of the United States Government. 

The dimensions of the monument are as follows: 

Total height, including three bases, die, cap, plinth and statue, 16' i". 

Bottom base 7' x f x i' 3" 

Second base 5' x 5' x i' 

Third base 4' k 4' x i' 3* 

Die 2' 8" x 2' 8" x 3' 7" 

Cap 3' 8" x 3' 8" x i' 10" 

Plinth 2' 6" x 2' 6" x i' 2" 

Statue Height, 6' 

The statue represents the figure of a Union infantryman stand- 
ing at parade rest, and is a superb specimen of the sculptor's art. 

The inscriptions on the monument are as follows: 

Front. 

The State of New Jersey erects this monument in honor of her 

9th Regiment Volunteer Infantry, whose heroic dead lie 

buried in this Cemetery. 

18611865 

Erected 1905 

[A reproduction of the i8th Corps Badge is also cut on the front.] 

Rear. 

[9th Corps Badge] 
Mustered in, October, 1861 
Mustered out, July, 1865 
Total enlistments, 2701 



32 

Right Side. 
[23d Corps Badge.] 
Port Walthall, 

Drewry's Bluff, 
Cold Harbor, 
Petersburg 

Left Side. 

[zoth Corps Badge.] 
Roanoke Island, 
New Berne, 

Fort Macon, 
Kinston, 

Goldsboro, 

The Coat of Arms of the State of New Jersey appears on the 
face of the plinth. 



ARRANGEMENTS FOR DEDICATION 



Arrangements for Z>e6ication 



The attention of the Commission was then directed toward per- 
fecting the details incident to the unveiling of the monument when 
completed, to take place May 18, 1905. 

In this connection, it was decided that as many as possible of 
the surviving members of the Ninth Regiment should be transported 
to New Berne to participate in the unveiling of the monument, and 
with this end in view, an earnest effort was made to reach every 
veteran soldier of the "Ninth" and afford all who so desired the 
opportunity to once more visit the scenes of the great strife in which 
they took so strenuous a part. It eventually developed that there 
would be sufficient funds at the disposal of the Commission, after 
defraying cost of construction and erection of monument, to trans- 
port from Philadelphia to New Berne, North Carolina and return, 
without cost to them, all the veterans signifying a desire to make 
the trip, about one hundred in number. 

In the meantime, Lieutenant Colonel Hufty, while on a trip 
south, had made a second visit to New Berne, and perfected arrange- 
ments for the care of the New Jersey party at that place, as well as 
the many details connected with the unveiling exercises. 

The people of New Berne evinced a hearty interest in the pro- 
posed visit to their city of New Jersey's soldiers and citizens, and in 
the unveiling of the monument. Camp No. 1162, United Con- 
federate Veterans, J. J. Wolfenden, Commander, extended, through 
Colonel Hufty, an offer to act as escort to the Ninth's survivors, and 
this courtesy, it is needless to say, was gratefully accepted. 

CORRESPONDENCE WITH GOVERNOR OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

An invitation was extended by the Commission to Governor 
Robert B. Glenn, of North Carolina, and Staff to participate in the 
unveiling exercises. With true Southern courtesy, Governor Glenn 

35 



36 

immediately accepted the invitation, and, moreover, threw himself 
heart and soul into the visit of New Jersey's representatives to his 
State. 

As soldiers of the Northern Army during the great civil conflict, 
the members of the Commission will ever bear in grateful memory 
the delightful correspondence ensuing between them and this big- 
hearted Governor of a Southern State ; and the whole-souled hospi- 
tality he extended the Ninth Regiment- and their guests while in 
North Carolina will never be forgotten by any member of the party. 



THE TRIP SOUTH 



Crip Soutf? 



The monument, having been finally erected, in accordance with 
specifications and agreement, and formally approved by the United 
States Government's representative at New Berne National Ceme- 
tery, arrangements were effected, through the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company, for the transportation of Governor E. C. Stokes and 
Staff, the Commissioners, the survivors of the Ninth Regiment, 
and guests, from Philadelphia to New Berne and return ; the appended 
itinerary covering the entire trip being splendidly carried out in 
every detail by the lines interested. Special trains were run to con- 
vey the party over the Pennsylvania Railroad, New York, Phila- 
delphia & Norfolk Railroad, Atlantic Coast Line and Atlantic & 
North Carolina Railroad. 

ITINERARY OF TRIP. 

SCHEDULE PHILADELPHIA TO NEW BERNE, AND RETURN, 
ACCOUNT UNVEILING MONUMENT. 

TUESDAY, MAY l6TH. 

Via Pennsylvania Railroad. 

Leave Philadelphia 11.05 P. M. 

Those attending should be at Broad Street Station not later than 
10.30 P. M. to procure tickets, etc. 

WEDNESDAY, MAY IJTH. 

Via N. Y., P. & N. R. R. 

Arrive Cape Charles 5.33 A. M. 

Breakfast on Steamer. 

Arrive Pinner's Point 8 . 45 A. M. 

Via Atlantic Coast Line. 

Leave Pinner's Point 9.02 A. M. 

Arrive Rocky Mount 1 2 . 50 P. M. 

39 



40 

Leave Rocky Mount 12.52 P. M. 

Arrive Goldsboro : 3.10 P. M. 

Via Atlantic & North Carolina R. R. 

Leave Goldsboro 3.45 P.M. 

Arrive New Berne 5.45 P. M. 

THURSDAY, MAY 

At New Berne. 

FRIDAY, MAY IQTH. 

Via Atlantic & North Carolina R. R. 

Leave New Berne 9.15 A.M. 

Arrive Goldsboro 11.20 A. M. 

Via Atlantic Coast Line. 

Leave Goldsboro 12.25 P. M. 

Arrive Rocky Mount 1.50 P. M. 

Leave Rocky Mount 1.57 P.M. 

Arrive Pinner's Point 5-3 P- M. 

Via N. Y., P. & N. R. R. 

Leave Pinner's Point 6.15 P.M. 

Dinner on Steamer. 
Arrive Cape Charles 9.10 P. M. 

SATURDAY, MAY 2OTH. 

Via Pennsylvania R. R. 
Arrive Philadelphia 5 . 10 A. M. 

IN NORTH CAROLINA. 

From the moment the special train left Rocky Mount, where 
Lieutenant Governor Winston, of North Carolina, and Colonel John- 
son, of Governor Glenn's Staff, boarded the train and gave the party 
a hearty welcome and friendly greeting, the trip through North 
Carolina was marked by ovations. 

RECEPTION AT GOLDSBORO, N. C. 

At Goldsboro, as the train pulled into the town, a salute of 
seventeen guns was fired; the Raleigh Rifles acting as Governor 



43 

Glenn's escort, and a company of the local Boys' Brigade in spotless 
white uniforms, were drawn up at present arms, and the New Jersey 
party was escorted from the train to the Hotel Kennon, where a 
royal Southern reception was given them by Governor Glenn and 
Staff. " We gave you a warm reception when you were down here 
forty years ago," said the Governor, "but we propose to give you a 
warmer one now. ' ' 

The following splendid address of welcome was then delivered 
by Colonel J. E. Robinson, Editor of the Goldsboro "Argus," who 
had been selected for that purpose by the Chamber of Commerce: 

Mr. Avis, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Gentlemen from New 
Jersey: 

The mission which brings you within the gates of our city on your 
way to New Berne, to commemorate, by the unveiling of a monument in 
the Federal Cemetery of that historic old town, the heroism of the boys in 
blue of your State, who gave up their lives for their country, appeals with 
inexpressibly touching pathos to every man who cherishes within his breast 
the spirit of liberty and gives ear to the promptings of patriotism. 

The experiences of history, the transitions of power, the fall of empires, 
the crumbling of dynasties, the passing of monarchies, the revolts in repub- 
lics all teach this one great lesson, that no State of society, however 
refined and elevated, and no government, however fortified at all points, 
can be beyond the reach of danger, or that it will ever be safe to neglect 
to cherish in their hearts of the people the spirit of liberty and love of 
country, upon which always immediately rests and depends the perpetuity 
of established government. This fundamental truth has been recognized 
from the earliest formation of governments, and so monuments have been 
erected from time immemorial, by all peoples in honor of their dead sol- 
diers, not alone gratefully to commemorate their patriotism and valor, 
but also to inculcate these virtues into the hearts and souls of the youth 
of the passing generations. The one sublimest figure in all profane history 
is that of Leonidas fearlessly facing the Persian hosts in the Pass of Ther- 
mopylae, while the poetic legend that chronicles how he and his little band 
of immortal heroes died to a man in defense of their country has come 
sounding down the ages grander than any strain of martial music: 

" Go, stranger, and to Lacedaemon tell 
That here, obeying her behests, we fell." 

The arbitrament of arms has settled, and for all time, the contentions 
for which the boys in gray and the boys in blue battled so bravely, endured 



44 

so heroically and died so sublimely, and the parole of the Southern sol- 
diery from the last chapter in the great fraternal tragedy, the surrender 
at Appomattox, down to this hour, has been kept with as untarnished 
honor as marked their unapproachable career in arms during the four years 
of their deathless struggle for the supremacy of the cause that was lost, 
and turning our faces to the future, Southern soldiers and Southern citizens 
alike have devoted themselves to rehabilitating their war-devasted country, 
treasuring our sacred memories without rancor, teaching our children the 
truths of history, and glorifying in our common country, reunited in the 
providence of God, the grandest government under the sun. 

Holding these sentiments closest to our hearts, we, as a people, wel- 
come you to our city in passing, and bid you God speed on your noble 
mission, and through you say to New Jersey that she has our approval 
and admiration in the rearing of the monument you go to unveil to her 
dead soldiers sleeping in a far away clime, in the Federal Cemetery on the 
beautiful banks of the quiet Neuse, and so long as our common country 
endures and the flag of the Nation floats at half mast over their last resting 
place these beautiful lines shall be appropriate: 

" On fame's eternal camping ground 

Their silent tents are spread, 
And glory guards, with solemn round, 

The bivouac of the dead. " 

The Hon. John Boyd Avis, Speaker of the House of Assembly, 
representing Governor E. C. Stokes, who had been detained a day 
at Trenton, N. J., by urgent State business, responded happily, 
expressing the thanks and gratitude of the people of New Jersey 
for the hearty and cordial greeting extended them by North Caro- 
lina. 

Mr. Avis said: 

Citizens of Goldsboro: 

It is our pleasure to be with you to-day, and we are deeply grateful 
to you all for the royal and enthusiastic welcome which you have accorded 
us. We appreciate the whole-hearted reception tendered us, and realize 
to-day, more fully than ever before, that there is now no North, no South, 
but a reunited country, the citizens of all localities vying with each other 
in their loyalty to the stars and stripes of our great and glorious Nation. 

We come as friends and fellow-countrymen to perform a mission of ten- 
derness and love, in memory of fallen heroes, and again I express the thanks 
of our party for the open-hearted manner in which you have received us. 



45 

After a further interchange of courtesies, Governor Glenn's private 
car was attached to the New Jersey Special, and the Jersey veterans, 
led by General James Stewart, Jr. , gave three rousing cheers for ' ' the 
good people of Goldsboro, ' ' as the journey was resumed to New Berne. 

The following special despatch from Goldsboro, May 18, 1905, 
to the Raleigh "News and Observer, " gives one of many evidences 
of esteem in which the Ninth Regiment and its officers were held 
by the citizens of North Carolina who were within the Federal lines 
during the Civil War: 

Within our gates yesterday afternoon was a man who was with the 
New Jersey contingent, on his way to New Berne, where to-day was un- 
veiled a monument to the New Jersey soldiers buried in the Federal Ceme- 
tery near that city. His name was Colonel Samuel Hufty, and he was 
Goldsboro 's first Provost Marshal. He was appointed by General Scho- 
field two days in advance of the arrival of General Sherman and his army, 
and in that brief time had the town so thoroughly organized and guarded 
that Sherman's soldiers were not permitted to ravage our town or molest 
a single citizen or home, and in addition to this Colonel Hufty issued pro- 
visions liberally to all in need of food. All this took place forty years ago, 
but yesterday he stood again upon the same ground that he had trod during 
those bloody times, and shook the hand of many an old soldier with whom 
he crossed swords in one of the bloodiest wars the world has ever known. 
He was cordially greeted by all our citizens men who had opposed him in 
battle, the sons of many of whom have gone on across the river and the 
fair ladies of our town who had turned out to do the New Jersey visitors 
honor. " 

ARRIVAL AT NEW BERNE. 

Upon arrival at New Berne, the local company of Naval Reserves, 
Captain T. C. Daniels in command, was drawn up at present arms 
near the station, and a salute fired in honor of the New Jersey 
visitors, the citizens exerting themselves to their utmost to extend 
a proverbial Southern welcome. At the Military Academy, where 
the veterans of the Ninth were comfortably quartered, the following 
address of welcome was delivered by Miss Ruth Watson: 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Representatives and Soldiers of the State of New Jersey: 

It becomes my very pleasant duty, and highly -prized privilege to voice 
the welcome of the students of our " New Berne Military Academy " to you, 



46 

our friends. It will be inadequately done, for words of mine will utterly 
fail to express their hearty greeting. 

The Southern welcome, for which our people have become so noted, 
is never a forced one. It springs spontaneously from the hearts of our 
people, and especially the students of the Academy. Always do we realize 
that those we greet, and to whom we proffer the hospitality of our homes 
and schoolrooms are not strangers; rather are they friends and relatives, 
the common descendants of men who in earlier days sent forth the youth 
of their households to fight for the cause which was honorable and true 
the cause of American Independence. The men of New Jersey and North 
Carolina who differed in 1861, fought side by side in other wars. 

We greet you as representative citizen of our sister Commonwealth, 
and a constituent part of the great Nation which we love, and over which 
floats the "Starry Banner," emblem of Liberty. We trust that your 
coming may strengthen the ties which unite us as a great people, make us 
stronger and nobler for the duties of citizenship, as W T ell as help us, the girls 
and boys of our schools and town, to be better students and citizens. 

The school girls and boys welcome you, as well as the men and women 
of our city. 

It is needless to say that the latchstring of our people is never drawn 
in ; the truth is that we have no latchstring we have never had one, and 
I am sure we never will have one, when it is a matter of receiving among 
us such as go to make up organizations and bodies of men as splendid as 
yours. We are proud and glad to offer you the comforts and cheer of our 
homes, our schoolrooms, and the warm greeting of our hearts. Enjoy 
yourselves to the utmost vvhile you are with us you cannot please us 
better, and we will feel that you have been among friends. 

In the name of our students and people, from the bottom of my heart 
I bid you "welcome." The brave soldiers who fought on both sides are 
always welcome to our hearts and homes. 

" Nor shall their memory be forgot, 

While Fame the record keeps, 
And Heaven marks the hallowed spot, 
Where valor proudly sleeps." 

PUBLIC RECEPTION AT NEW BERNE. RETURN OF THE BEAUFORT 

PLOWBOYS' FLAG. 

Upon the evening of their arrival at New Berne, May 17, a 
public reception was tendered the New Jersey visitors by the people 
of New Berne in their beautiful Court House, upon which occasion 



49 

the Beaufort Plowboys' Flag, captured by the Ninth New Jersey 
Regiment at the Battle of New Berne, March 14, 1862, was returned 
by the Hon. J. Boyd Avis, representing Governor E. C.- Stokes, of 
New Jersey, to Governor Glenn, of North Carolina, amid a scene 
of wild enthusiasm on the part of both Northerners and Southerners, 
who packed the building. 

The opening address of welcome was delivered by the Hon. M. 
De W. Stevenson, of New Berne, a Confederate veteran and mem- 
ber of New Berne Camp No. 1162, U. C. V., introduced by the chair- 
man, Mr. J. J. Wolfenden. 

On the part of himself, his comrades and his townspeople, Mr. 
Stevenson warmly welcomed the representatives of the great State 
of New Jersey and survivors of their Ninth New Jersey Regiment, 
and their friends. He referred to the fact that he was present at 
the Battle of New Berne, when the town was taken by General Burn- 
side and his troops. The long period since the war, he stated, had 
changed and softened all feelings, and, while he gloried in the record 
of the Confederate officers and soldiers, he loved his country, and 
was proud to be a citizen of the United States of America. Mr. 
Stevenson called attention to the large audience then present, 
including the Governor of North Carolina and Staff and the many 
beautiful ladies and gallant men of the South, and the New Berne 
Camp of Confederate Veterans, who had come to welcome New 
Jersey's representatives and soldiers. He referred to the war with 
Spain, and said that the cry of "Remember the Maine" had been 
heard by both Union and Confederate veterans, who marched 
shoulder to shoulder; that President Roosevelt and General Joe 
Wheeler were together at San Juan, and that Ensign Bagley, a North 
Carolina boy, had given his life for his country on his ship in one of 
the harbors of Cuba. He spoke of the gallant Fitzhugh Lee as a 
Confederate soldier, and of his great services to his reunited country ; 
of the life and example of the great and illustrious Robert E. Lee. 
There is now no part of this great country, the speaker said, more 
true, loyal or devoted, than the South, and in case of necessity, it 
would respond to the proper call with its brains, blood and treasure 
to defend, protect and preserve it from all enemies, and ever assist 
to build up and make greater this land of freedom. 



More than forty years ago, Mr. Stevenson continued, some of 
the New Jersey boys came here in time of war. The Southern boys 
did not want them, and tried to keep them away, but now they come in 
time of sweet peace, on a noble mission, sent by a great State to do 
honor to the memory of their comrades who have passed over the river, 
and that it gave him great pleasure to welcome the representatives 
of the State of New Jersey, survivors of the Ninth Regiment and 
their friends, and requested them to take full charge of the city. 

ADDRESS OF HON. JOHN BOYD Avis. 

The Hon. John Boyd Avis, Speaker of the New Jersey House of 
Assembly, was then introduced, and in the following admirable 
address, frequently marked with applause, presented the Beaufort 
Plowboy Flag to Governor Glenn, of North Carolina: 

Governor Glenn, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Representing the Governor of the State of New Jersey, I desire to 
express my sincere thanks, for the hearty and enthusiastic welcome that 
we have received from the people of North Carolina, not only in New Berne, 
but ever since we crossed the State line. 

I regret that Governor Stokes is not here to speak to you to-night, but 
I am advised by telegraph that he will surely be with us to-morrow. 

The legions of Jersevmen are again invading the State of North Caro- 
lina. Not, thank God, in a warlike spirit ; not as an hostile army, march- 
ing to the tune of martial music ; not with a feeling of enmity, for we are 
enemies no longer. 

No, Jerseymen and Jerseywomen invade your soil to-night as friends, 
brothers and sisters, on a peaceful mission ; to unveil a monument in mem- 
ory of our illustrious dead ; to those who loved their country and its cause, 
and who gave up their lives in its service. 

North Carolina and New Jersey have between them common bonds 
of fellowship and unity. Both States were of the original "thirteen" 
colonies, who threw off the yoke of British oppression, and both had repre- 
sentatives in the Continental Congress on that memorable day when the 
Declaration of Independence was signed, and proclaimed to all people, 
declaring that these " United States are and of right ought to be free and 
independent. " 

The soldiers of our States stood shoulder to shoulder in the struggle 
that followed, and fought valiantly to maintain the principles of that decla- 
ration. 



After the Revolution all went well between the two States for many 
years ; the people prospered ; business increased, and the Nation became a 
power in the world. Eventually the North and South differed in their 
construction of our Constitution ; the South declaring that each State was 
sovereign and an independent unit ; the North maintaining that we were a 
union of States, one and inseparable. These opinions were honest ones 
on both sides, and finally led to the secession of the Southern States from 
the Union. Then, instead of being allies, instead of sympathizing with 
each other's views, instead of fighting shoulder to shoulder, we find the 
men of New Jersey and those of North Carolina fighting face to face, each 
bent upon the destruction of the other, and the maintenance of their views 
by force. 

Would to God that day had never come, and may the day be now past 
when the deeds of devotion and valor in that great war shall be spoken of 
as Northern prowess and determination, or Southern bravery, but may we 
hereafter speak of the heroism and courage of American soldiers, fighting 
for ideas, each believing themselves to be right, as their training and sur- 
roundings gave them the power to see and distinguish. 

The call came from Lincoln in the North ; a call for seventy-five thou- 
sand volunteers, and the answer came, "We are coming, Father Abraham, 
three hundred thousand strong. ' ' 

New Jersey's boys donned the blue and responded to the call in large 
numbers ; some joined the Ninth New Jersey, and in the early part of the 
year 1862, under the command of General Burnside, found themselves, 
on this battlefield, face to face with soldiers of North Carolina, who in their 
suits of gray had loyally responded to your Confederacy. 

The battle was fought, and the boys in blue gained a victory; not a 
victory cheaply won, however, for they were fighting men of their own 
Nation, of their own blood, and of equal bravery. At roll call, after the 
battle, it was found that about eighty of the Ninth New Jersey had answered 
their last roll call, and most of these found a final resting place on the battle- 
field in this vicinity. 

The great Civil War came to an end, and again peace reigns over this 
land of ours. We have no apologies to make, for we believe we were right, 
but the old differences between North Carolina and New Jersey are matters 
of history now. 

The people of these two great States, parted by a difference of opinion 
and the war, are once more shoulder to shoulder as in the early days, never 
to separate, and willing and glad to defend the honor and integrity of our 
united country. 

There is no enmity now ; there can be no enmity at the grave, and to- 
morrow the soldiers of the North and the soldiers of the South will meet in 
harmony, to do honor to the dead who died in the discharge of their duty. 



52 

When Grant, on that memorable day, said, "Let there be peace," 
there no longer remained a reason for estrangement between the two 
sections, and this sentiment has grown until to-night there are no sections, 
but a re-united country, whose people have but one aim ; one object, and 
one intention, to make it the greatest, noblest and best in the world, and 
one flag, the Stars and Stripes, which we all love, and which we are all willing 
to serve. 

The period of sectional feeling has passed. The soldier and citizen 
of the South is as loyal to the flag now as the soldier and citizen of the 
North. 

The good faith of the reconciliation is attested by the loyalty of many, 
who during the war fought with the South. In our recent difficulty with 
Spain, there were no more loyal defenders of the flag than Lee, who fought 
with Shafter at Santiago, and Wheeler, who climbed the hills of San Juan 
with Roosevelt. 

We come to you, to-night, with words of congratulation, and feelings 
of friendship and love. 

The North has forgiven and forgotten all ; across the chasm of the war 
we stretch our hands and grasp yours as brothers, grateful and glad that 
the time of strife is over, and that peace reigns between us now and 
alway. 

As an evidence of the good will and esteem of the people of our State, 
and in accordance with a resolution adopted at the last session of our 
Legislature, of which Legislature I was a member, Governor Glenn, I pre- 
sent to you, or rather I return to you, representing the people of North 
Carolina to whom it belongs, the flag of the Beaufort Plowboys, taken 
from them in battle by the soldiers of New Jersey. 

When Speaker Avis presented the Plowboy flag, which was 
captured by the old " Ninth ' ' forty- three years ago in a desperate 
struggle on the outskirts of New Berne, he unfurled the bullet-ridden 
flag, and in the name of the State of New Jersey presented it to 
Governor Glenn, the joy of the sons and. daughters of the Confederacy 
knew no bounds, and for several minutes the scene was one of inde- 
scribable enthusiasm. During this outburst Governor Glenn and 
Speaker Avis stood clasping hands with the flag gently swaying on 
the arm of the Governor, and the crowd again broke forth in a pro- 
longed volley of cheers. 

Governor Glenn, of North Carolina, upon receiving the Beaufort 
Plowboy flag said: 



53 

The Honorable John Boyd Avis, representative of His Excellency Edward 
C. Stokes, Governor of New Jersey, R. Heber Breintnall, Adjutant Gen- 
eral of New Jersey, survivors of the Ninth Regiment, ladies and gentle- 
men of New Jersey and of North Carolina: 

It is with a feeling of profound pleasure and a becoming sense of the 
significance of the occasion upon which we are here met, that I may greet 
you. The representative of one great State of the Union and the valor- 
ous soldiers of that State imbued with a magnanimous heroic spirit, ful- 
filling the mandate of the Legislature of their State, have come to us of 
North Carolina upon a mission of love and peace. 

To dedicate a monument to their beloved dead, and to return to 
us this beautiful flag consecrated by the blood of the sons of our State who 
died in its defense. As the Chief Executive of this State, I desire to express 
my thanks and the thanks of all its citizens for this evidence of the friend- 
liness which tends to bind closer the people of the two states. The recon- 
ciliation between us is complete, the wounds of the war are healed, yea, 
its scars even are removed, and as brothers and sisters of this great Republic, 
we here dedicate ourselves to advance its material interests and to increase 
its power for good among the nations of the earth. The lady who helped 
make this flag, and who presented it to Captain Harding of the Beaufort 
Plowboy Company, has come to this city from Columbia, South Carolina, 
to receive it from me, and to present it to Captain Harding, to whom she 
first presented it forty-four years ago; and to-morrow evening the pre- 
sentation will take place in this Court House. 

Now as so many of you are anxious to go to the rooms of the Daughters 
of the Confederacy and the headquarters of Camp. No. 1162, United Con- 
federate Veterans, where our New Jersey friends will be entertained, and 
where the survivors of the Ninth Regiment will present a National flag to 
the Confederate Veterans, the exercises here will close. 

RECEPTION BY "DAUGHTERS OF CONFEDERACY" -PRESENTATION 

OF UNITED STATES FLAG TO NEW BERNE 

CAMP No. 1162, U. C. V. 

At the conclusion of the reception at the Court House on the 
evening of May 17, announcement was made that the members 
of the Ninth New Jersey, and their guests from that State, would 
visit the rooms of Confederate Encampment No. 1162, and the 
"Daughters of the Confederacy." 

Upon arrival at the rooms, the "Ninth" and her guests were 



54 

tendered a delightful reception by a large gathering of the members 
of both associations, the rooms being filled to overflowing. 

The fact that the Ninth New Jersey Veteran Association was 
to present a silk United States flag to the Confederate Encampment 
increased the interest felt on all sides. 

The assemblage was called to order by Mr. J. J. Wolfenden, 
Commander of New Berne Camp No. 1162, U. V. C., who spoke as 
follows : 

General Stewart, Members of the Ninth New Jersey Veterans Association, 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

The pleasant duty has been assigned me by my comrades of this 
Encampment, by the ladies of "The Daughters of the Confederacy," and 
by the citizens of New Berne, to extend to you, and through you, to your 
comrades of the "Ninth New Jersey," and to all who accompany you, a 
hearty welcome to this city, to this Association, and to the best we have 
to offer you. Your mission here is a noble one. 

It is to honor the memory of your brave comrades, many of whom rest 
in our National Cemetery here; and in the exercises which follow on the 
morrow, we beg to assure you, not only of our sincere sympathy, but a 
desire on our part to render such services as in our power rests, to make 
the occasion which brought you in our midst, a success, and one to be 
pleasantly remembered by all. Again I give you greeting and welcome. 

General James Stewart, Jr., responded as follows: 

Commander Wolfenden, Veterans of this Encampment, "Daughters of the 
Confederacy," Ladies and Gentlemen: 

In the name of, and in behalf of my Comrades of the " Ninth New 
Jersey," I return you sincere thanks for this cordial greeting. We had 
received assurances, before leaving home, that on the occasion of our present 
visit, we would receive a hearty welcome from the soldiers of this Encamp- 
ment, and many kindnesses from the good people of New Berne, but the 
many proofs of hospitality and cordial good feeling which have been 
showered upon us since our arrival surpass anything we dared anticipate, 
and we become your debtors from this time forth. 

We cannot forget, Mr. Commander, the great help and assistance which 
you and your associates have rendered our Commission during the past 
six months, in looking after the details of our work at this end of the line, 
and we gratefully acknowledge our appreciation of this service. 



55 

You have manifested toward us the true feeling of comradeship, and 
we heartily respond in spirit, to this sentiment. I think, sir, that we should 
engrave upon the tablets of our memory, the iyth day of May, 1905, as a 
"Red Letter Day," for on this date the soldier from New Jersey, who had 
worn the blue, and the soldier from North Carolina, who had worn the 
gray, met and clasped hands in Friendship, Loyalty and Fraternity. 

At the last reunion of our Association our Comrade Hufty, who had 
but recently returned from a visit to New Berne, reported that he met 
with the greatest kindness and good feeling on the part of the citizens of 
New Berne, and he was especially impressed by the cordiality of his meeting 
with the veterans of this Encampment; and he added further, that your 
Association tendered their services to act as an escort to our Association 
on the occasion of our present visit. This report was enthusiastically 
received, and it was unanimously voted to accept your kind proffer; and 
it was further resolved that our Association procure a National flag, and 
present the same to this Encampment, as expressive, in a small way, of 
our appreciation for courtesies extended. 

In pursuance to this resolution, it gives me great pleasure, Mr. Com- 
mander, and Ladies and Gentlemen of this Encampment, to hand to you 
this emblem of our nationality. Under its glorious folds our country 
has grown step by step from a weakling, until to-day she ranks as a first- 
class power in the great galaxy of nations, in the civilized world. 

With warm sentiments of esteem, the " Ninth New Jersey Veteran 
Association" presents to this Encampment this souvenir of their regard, 
and requests that you accept it in the same spirit of fraternal good will 
as that in which it is tendered. 

The flag was accepted for the Confederate veterans by Colonel 
David L. Ward, of Governor Glenn's Staff, who said: 

ACCEPTANCE OF FLAG BY COLONEL DAVID L. WARD. 

General Stewart: 

On behalf of the New Berne Camp of United Confederate Veterans, 
I return you greetings, and accept the beautiful American flag so eloquently 
tendered by you as the best evidence of true friendship, and the spirit of 
brotherly love which brings you here to-night. 

An old Confederate Veteran, who still bears the scars of honorable 
battle upon his person, remarked that he did not recognize me in a blue 
uniform, and I replied that forty years ago I would have worn the gray, 
but to-day I am proud to wear the uniform of a united country. 

It is idle to speak of what the North has done, or of what the South 
has done. This great Republic is the common heritage of us all, and we 



56 

alike contributed to unfurl this silken flag from the highest peak in American 
life to teach the world the strength of intellectual and moral purity, and 
that it is "truth that makes men free." 

Around the American flag our hopes, our aspirations, and our ambi- 
tions cluster. It symbolizes the civil and religious liberty which America 
has given to the world. In the early history of this country our patriot 
forefathers were much divided in opinion as to what should be the design 
of the flag. 

It is uncertain what flag was used at Bunker Hill, but the first flag 
used by the Northern Colonies was the "Pine Tree" flag, which bore upon 
one side the motto, "Que Transulit Sustinet," and upon the other "An 
Appeal to Heaven." The first armed vessels commissioned by General 
Washington sailed under the "Pine Tree" flag. 

On June 14, 1777, the American Congress resolved, "That the flag 
of the thirteen States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, that 
the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new con- 
stellation." This flag was first unfurled on the "Ranger" by the immortal 
Paul Jones, whose heroic memory still inspires the American youth to high 
ideals of patriotism and devotion. 

The design of the present flag was suggested by Captain Samuel 
Chester Reid, who commanded the "General Armstrong" in the harbor 
of Fayal, Portugal, in the war of 1812, and crippled and delayed the united 
British fleet, then on its way to aid in the attack on New Orleans, then 
gallantly and successfully defended by General Andrew Jackson. Captain 
Reid was a New England sailor, and Andrew Jackson, a country boy from 
North Carolina 

These two, the North and South, one at the distant Portugal harbor, 
the other at New Orleans, defeated the British naval and land forces, and 
ended for all time the English hopes of conquering this country. 

This flag has known many trials, but out of the fire of adversity, it has 
steadily continued to wave over a growing and expanding Republic, second 
to none on earth. 

We thank you, and the " Ninth New Jersey Volunteers" for this silken 
emblem of loyalty. We will cherish and protect it. It shall float in our 
Southern breezes and under our clear skies, over a nation of brothers. 

If the time should ever come when it needed strong arms and brave 
hearts to defend it, the old veterans who followed the Stars and Bars, if 
living, would rally around it, and if not living, their descendants, in memory 
of their heroism, w^ould defend it with their lives. 

Again we thank you, and welcome you to New Berne. May your stay 
among us be long remembered as the meeting of brave men, now united, 
who once stood in hostile array. 






EX 

GOVERNOR 
FRANKLIN 
\ MURPHY 




59 

A cordial address of welcome was also made upon this occasion 
by Mr. Samuel M. Brinson, of New Berne, representing New Berne 
Chapter No. 204, United Daughters of the Confederacy. 

ADDRESS OF MR. S. M. BRINSON. 

Gentlemen of the Ninth New Jersey Veteran Association: 

In the name of the "Daughters of the Confederacy," I am commis- 
sioned to extend to you a cordial welcome to this hall, to our homes, and 
to every assistance we can render during your stay in our midst. 

I want to say to you that it is not in response merely to the require- 
ments of courtesy that this invitation is extended, but rather in a sincere 
and unaffected spirit of cordiality. 

We recognize, with you, gentlemen, that happily we are to-day living 
in an era of good will ; that the strife of sections has given way to a broad 
and, patriotic National spirit ; that the enemies of forty years ago are to-day 
fraternizing and finding in each other qualities of mind and heart undreamed 
of amid the smoke and din of war. 

As the son of one who gave four years of his life in defence of what he 
conceived to be a vital principle of our National life, I want to say to you 
that from him I have learned the lesson of patriotism; from him I have 
imbibed the spirit of loyalty to our reunited Country. 

Should our Government ever need their protection, no readier response 
will come than from the sons of those men who formed that grim gray battle- 
line the men who fought for the right, as God gave them to see the right. 

We hold as a priceless heritage the record of their struggles, their sac- 
rifices, their heroism, but in a broader spirit to-day we of the "South- 
land" can join you in every tribute to your great commander, whose mag- 
nanimous treatment of our surrendered army cheered the drooping spirits 
of our disconsolate land, and bridged the chasm between the sections. 

We are glad, to-day, to join you in your tribute to your departed com- 
rades, who, with you, fought as your judgment and your conscience 
approved. 

While I am on the floor, I want to express my own sense of obligation 
to members of this regiment, whose kindly acts and generous treatment 
were accorded those of my own blood during your trying occupancy of this 
town. 

The names of Colonel Curliss and others of your regiment,whose unvary- 
ing courtesy was extended those within your lines will live in grateful remem- 
brance while memory holds its rightful sway. 

Again, I bid you a hearty welcome. May the noble mission which 
brings you here be fulfilled under most happy and agreeable conditions, 



6o 

and may the granite figure stand for all time a testimonial of the virtues 
of the dead and the gratitude of the living. 

All present, and especially the ladies, expressed their admira- 
tion of the beautiful flag, and it was proudly borne by the Confed- 
erate Veterans in the parade on the 1 8th of May, receiving the enthu- 
siastic plaudits of the people, as it was carried along the streets of 
the city. 



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The unveiling of the monument took place on May 18, under 
delightful weather conditions. The details, as arranged by the State 
Commission, were closely adhered to, and splendidly carried out, 
the tireless energy of the New Berne Citizens Committee and the 
valuable aid rendered by them, largely contributing to the remark- 
able success of the occasion not an unpleasant incident occurring 
to mar the day's proceedings in any manner. 

ARRIVAL OF GOVERNOR STOKES. 

In the morning Governor Stokes, of New Jersey, arrived in New 
Berne, and was received at the railroad station by Governor Glenn, 
of North Carolina, and Staff; his own Staff who had preceded him, 
Speaker of the New Jersey House of Assembly J. Boyd Avis, the 
Commissioners, and distinguished guests. As Governor Stokes 
stepped from the train, a salute of seventeen guns was fired, and the 
Raleigh Rifles and New Berne Naval Reserves presented arms. 

After an informal reception, the procession was formed, and 
the line of march begun to the National Cemetery, under the direc- 
tion of James W. Biddle, Chief Marshal, and Assistant Marshals 
Samuel R. Street, J. J. Baxter, George B. Waters, William Dunn, 
Jr., and A. C. Foscue, all of New Bern. 

ORDER OF MARCH. 

The line was formed as follows: 

Camp No. 1162, United Confederate Veterans, on the right acting as 

escort. 

Survivors of the Ninth New Jersey Regiment of Volunteer Infantry, 

commanded by Captain Benjamin W. Hopper, with Frederick 

G. Coyte acting as Adjutant, both veteran officers of the 

old regiment. Color Bearer, William E. Townley, Jr. 

63 



6 4 

Raleigh Rifles, Co. B., 3d Infantry, Captain W. F. Moody, 

commanding. 

Goldsboro Rifles, Co. B., 2d Infantry, Captain S. Cohen, 

commanding. 

Goldsboro Guards, Co. E., 2d Infantry, Captain Geo. E. Hood, 

commanding. 

New Berne Naval Reserves, Lieutenant C. J. McSorley, 

commanding. 

Governors Robert B. Glenn, of North Carolina, and Edward C. Stokes, 
of New Jersey, with their Staffs. 

The State Commissioners for erecting the monument. 
The invited guests and ladies. 

DECORATION OF CONFEDERATE AND FEDERAL GRAVES. 

En route to the National Cemetery, the Confederate monument 
and graves of the Confederate heroes in the New Berne Cemetery 
were decorated with flowers by the Federal and Confederate veterans, 
and upon arrival at the National Cemetery the monument of the 
Fifteenth Connecticut Regiment was also decorated, and the graves 
of the Ninth New Jersey Volunteers strewn with flowers. 

After the Governors, their Staffs, Commissioners and invited 
guests had taken places on the speaker's stand, immediately facing 
the monument, the unveiling ceremonies were opened with a beauti- 
ful invocation delivered bv the Rev. G. T. Adams, of New Berne. 

j 

UNVEILING OF THE MONUMENT. 

The President of the Commission then gave the signal to the 
Matron of Honor, Mrs. James Stewart, Jr., who immediately pulled 
the cord holding the drapery, and the beautiful monument was 
unveiled. Mrs. Stewart then placed upcn the monument a handsome 
wreath of flowers, presented for that purpose by Mrs. Emma Hender- 
son Powell, of New Berne, after which Mrs. Stewart, with her four 
aides, Misses Adeline Claypoole and Isabel Bryan, of New Berne, 
North Carolina, Mrs. Wells Green and Miss Augusta S. Drake, of 
New Jersey, took seats on the speaker's platform. 



65 
GENERAL STEWART'S ADDRESS. 

After a rendition of patriotic airs by the band, General James 
Stewart, Jr., President of the State Commission for Erection of the 
Monument, and late Colonel of the Ninth New Jersey Regiment, was 
introduced, and delivered the following oration: 

Comrades, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

It is through the generosity of the State of New Jersey, in her kindly 
remembrance of those she sent into the field to uphold the integrity of our 
National Government, that we are privileged to meet here to-day, to dedi- 
cate this monument in remembrance of those of our comrades who gave 
their all in defending the flag of their country. 

We have many, very many, of our one-time comrades, who sleep in 
different cemeteries both South and North, but as we fought our first and 
last engagement in North Carolina, during a term of near four years' active 
service, and as we have between eighty and ninety of our comrades buried 
in this Cemetery, the survivors of New Jersey's Ninth Regiment thought 
this a fitting place for our State to show her recognition of the services of 
our regiment, by erecting this memorial on this spot; here, where our 
Government guards the resting place of her heroic dead; and here, too, 
in the midst of our one-time foe, but who to-day is the steadfast friend of 
the living and the dead soldier, no matter on which side he served. 

The "Ninth New Jersey Volunteers" was organized as a regiment of 
riflemen in September, 1861, and consisted of twelve companies. The 
State equipped the regiment splendidly in clothing, arms and camp equi- 
page. The fact that the "Ninth" was to be a regiment of "Riflemen" 
or " Sharpshooters " was an attractive feature, and drew to its ranks a very 
intelligent body of men; many young students forsook their colleges, 
and professional men lawyers and physicians abandoned their practice, 
and took position in the ranks of this regiment. As evidence that there 
was intelligent material in the ranks, when the regiment returned to New 
Jersey in July, 1865, for final discharge, there were but two officers returned 
with it who left with the regiment in 1861 as officers; all the others, the 
major, adjutant, quartermaster, ten captains and twenty lieutenants 
all had been promoted from the ranks; and there was an abundance of 
deserving men left unrewarded by commission, simply for want of 
vacancies. 

The Ninth Regiment was mustered in, in the United States service, 
October 8, 1861. On December 4 following, the regiment broke camp, 
and carrying 1,152 rifles, proceeded to Washington City, went into camp 
on Meridian Hill, and was made part of General Silas Casey's Division. 



66 

A few days later a review of the troops encamped on Meridian Hill 
took place, and General Burnside, who was present, noticed in particular 
our Ninth Regiment, and was so impressed with its fine showing of twelve 
full companies, as well as the splendid physique of the men in the ranks, 
that he persisted with the authorities until he succeeded in having the 
"Ninth" included in his expeditionary force. A few days later, January 
4, 1862, we were sent to Annapolis, and there embarked with the Burnside 
Expedition for services in North Carolina. On February 8 we partici- 
pated in the Battle of Roanoke Island; on March 14 the Battle of New 
Berne, and later the investment 'of Fort Macon. 

Events, with us, followed each other in rapid succession. We were so 
fortunate as to be successful in all of these engagements- our first taste of 
actual war. 

Roanoke Island was claimed to be the first clean victory for our arms 
in the East, but its importance was somewhat lessened in the public mind, 
owing to the splendid victory of General Grant at Fort Donaldson in the 
West, which took place a few days subsequent. 

The capture of Roanoke Island opened up the great waterways in 
Eastern North Carolina to the Union forces, enabling our gunboats to 
co-operate with the land forces. This made New Berne, notwithstanding 
her long and strong line of fortifications, almost untenable for her defenders. 
After the retreat of the Confederates from their line of defense, they set 
fire to the bridge crossing the Neuse River, which halted our army, and 
prevented them from at once marching into New Berne. 

Many fires were started in the town, but a general conflagration was 
averted through the persistent work, at first, of the men from the boats, 
and assisted later by our soldiers. 

An invading army is generally charged and reputed to be an army for 
pillage, and, no doubt, there were those in New Berne who believed this of 
the Union Army, and that is why a few recklessly applied the torch. That 
outrage and pillage occurred in isolated cases in both armies, no doubt, is 
true, but I believe, notwithstanding the fierceness of the conflict, that it 
was exceptional with the American soldier. Speaking from my own 
experience and knowledge, embracing service in Virginia and North Caro- 
lina, covering near four years, I can recall to mind but one glaring outrage 
committed by any soldier in the different armies in which I served, and in 
that case, retribution followed quick and severe. It was near Kinston, 
N. C., in 1865, and it devolved upon me to command the troops, charged 
with the execution of the culprit. (Let me add that he was not a New Jersey 
soldier.) 

During the summer and fall of 1862, the " Ninth" was kept very busy 
holding the enemy in check in that portion of North Carolina lying between 
New Berne and Wilmington. Frequent expeditions were sent into the 



6 7 

interior, and in many instances sharp engagements ensued. In December, 
1862, an expedition of some importance was organized to reach Goldsboro 
and destroy the railroad bridge which crossed the river at that point. This 
was to interfere with General Lee sending reinforcements to Wilmington. 
Our march was sharply contested at South West Creek, Kinston, White- 
hall and Goldsboro Bridge. The "Ninth" was, for the most part, placed 
in the advance, and frequently the whole regiment was deployed as skir- 
mishers. This, however, had its advantages, for after we got the enemy 
behind their breastworks, we did not have far to march in order to become 
very busy. The Confederates stubbornly contested the ground, but the 
superior number of our forces, consisting of about 12,000 men and forty 
pieces of artillery, gradually forced them out of position. Reaching Golds- 
boro Bridge, the Confederates made a determined stand seeming to realize 
that our object was to destroy the railroad bridge. While the engagement 
was going on, the Colonel of the " Ninth" called for volunteers to burn the 
bridge; a number volunteered, but two were selected Privates William 
Lemons of "E" Company, and E. S. Winands, of "K" Company. These 
men took their lives in their hands, for it was a most dangerous under- 
taking, and while the air was filled with shot and shell, the smoke in a large 
measure concealed their movements. They reached the bridge, ignited it, 
and, most fortunately, returned unharmed to their comrades. Shortly 
after we forced the enemy from their defenses by the railroad, when our 
troops destroyed a long stretch of track. 

We were then ordered to return to New Berne by forced marches, 
and there expected to take boats for an attack on Wilmington. But 
General Burnside's move against Fredericksburg, Va., having failed, a 
despatch came to New Berne countermanding the orders for a movement 
against Wilmington, at that time. 

Except some three months which were spent in South Carolina, where 
we were sent to aid in the siege of Fort Sumter, and from where we received 
"hurry up" orders to return to North Carolina, and join the force to be 
sent to the relief of General Foster, who, with a portion of his army, were 
besieged in Little Washington by General Longstreet, we continued our 
services in North Carolina until October, 1863, when we were ordered to 
Virginia. 

There we were brigaded with the Seventeenth, Twenty-third, Twenty- 
fifth, and Twenty-seventh Massachusetts Volunteers. Our brigade was 
designated "The Red Star Brigade." These Massachusetts regiments 
were companion fighters with the "Ninth" on the North Carolina battle- 
fields ; each regiment knew the dependable qualities of their sister regi- 
ments, and, welded together, they made a magnificent brigade of mag- 
nificent soldiers. The bloody battlefields of "'64," in the armies of the 
James and the Potomac, from Suffolk, Cobb's Hill, Petersburg, Fort 



68 

Drewry, Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor, and back again to the siege of 
Petersburg, attested their soldierly qualities ; their ranks thinned through 
the carnage of battle additions being made constantly by recruits, and the 
incorporation of three additional regiments in the brigade to give it a 
show of strength, and yet those of the "Old Guard" that were left stand- 
ing on their feet, maintained a steady front, and not a color w r as lost which 
they carried. 

The order for our return to North Carolina was brought about in this 
way: 

Our campaign in Virginia opened actively on the 6th of May, 1864. 
On this day, the "Ninth" formed part of a strong reconnoitering force 
which moved from Cobb's Hill to learn the position and strength of the 
enemy. We had proceeded less than half a mile when we became hotly 
engaged, and the fighting continued until the day was spent. That night 
we returned to our encampment at Cobb's Hill. The next morning our 
force moved out again, and we had a repetition of the sharp fighting of 
the day before. At night we returned to our encampment. The loss in 
the "Ninth" for these two days' skirmishing, was fifty-three men in killed 
and wounded. On the 8th (it being Sunday) we rested for the struggle 
which was ahead of us. On the pth the Army of the James was put in 
motion; moving out from Cobb's Hill, we gradually pushed the Confed- 
erates into their lines in front of Petersburg, after which our army swung 
around towards Richmond. On the i5th we had forced the enemy behind 
their works at Fort Drewry. Our men had been marching and fighting 
continuously for nine days, and they were exhausted, worn out. When 
our lines were formed in front of the Confederate works at Drewry's Bluff 
on the 1 5th, the Red Star Brigade took position on the right of our line, 
and the " Ninth" held the right of the brigade. The men threw up a small 
line of breastworks, doing the best they could, having only their bayonets 
and tin plates as tools to do the work with. Our right flank was entirely 
exposed and unprotected. 

The brigade commander, General Heckman, reported this to his supe- 
rior officer, and asked that a battery of artillery and two regiments of infantry 
be sent to guard the right flank of our line. 

These reinforcements did not reach us, and this omission cost us 
many valuable lives. 

That night, General Beauregard, with a large force, reinforced the 
enemy, who had been driven to the cover of the fort. Our general officer 
of the day, on visiting the picket line about four o'clock in the morning 
of the 1 6th, became convinced that the Confederates were massing for an 
attack, and he so reported to his general. About 4.30 A. M., the attack 
began. General Beauregard threw an overwhelming force against our lines. 
The Union forces withstood the first shock, and the slaughter was terrible- 



6 9 

The "Ninth" held their fire until the attacking forces were within 
fifty feet, when their volley did such execution that General Gracie's Bri- 
gade, which formed the attacking party, in front of the " Ninth, " was almost 
annihilated, according to Confederate published accounts. The superior 
numbers of the Confederate forces enabled them to lap our right flank. 
To meet this flank attack, first, two companies, and then the right wing of 
the "Ninth" Regiment was faced to the right and rear. 

We held them in check, although the ground was strewn with our 
killed and wounded, until our ammunition became exhausted, when the 
commanding general ordered the "Ninth" to fall back some five hundred 
yards to get a fresh supply of ammunition. The men hurriedly cleaned their 
rifles, and, having secured a fresh supply of ammunition, the regiment 
deployed as skirmishers, in order to cover space, and advanced a short 
distance, and formed line on the left of the Ninety-eighth New York. The 
Confederates made several charges against this line but were in every 
instance repulsed, and though the " Ninth " was without support in the rear, 
she stubbornly held her line until darkness set in. The casualties in the 
"Ninth" in this engagement was over fifty per cent, of those engaged. 

The battered forces of the "Ninth" continued their services in that 
section of Virginia until May 27, when they were sent by easy marches 
to City Point. On the 3oth of May, the regiment was put on transports, 
and sent to White House Landing, reaching there June 2. Disem- 
barking, line was formed, and we moved toward Cold Harbor. Arriving 
at the latter place, the regiment was at once sent into action on that 
part of the line between Cold Harbor and Gaines Mill. The regiment 
being in the front line, without breastworks as a protection, suffered 
severely. 

The terrible struggle at Cold Harbor, which continued for ten days, 
is too well known to make it necessary to go into details ; suffice it to say 
that the " Ninth" bore her full share of the fighting in that slaughter pen, 
as her torn and shattered ranks sadly attested. This was our first introduc- 
tion and incorporation into the grand old Army of the Potomac; and in 
a ten days' struggle, where the contending forces were commanded by two 
of the ablest generals our Civil War developed, to wit: General Ulysses 
S. Grant, on the Union side, and General Robert E. Lee, on the Confederate 
side. Oh, the pity of it! that these great generals, with their magnificent 
armies of American soldiers, should have faced each other in deadly strife. 
Forty years have passed since the Northern and the Southern soldiers 
laid down their arms and fraternized. To those who took part in that 
conflict it seems like a dream ; let us so consider it, and forget it, and remem- 
ber only that we are American citizens, with a community of interest and 
loyalty to that Government which has descended to us unimpaired from 
our forefathers of the original thirteen States. 



70 

Returning to the movements of the "Ninth." Late in the day on 
the 1 2th of June, the regiment was withdrawn from the picket line and 
marched to White House, and there embarked on transports for Bermuda 
Hundreds. Disembarking, the movement towards Petersburg began. 
From June 1 4 to 21 our army gradually forced its way forward, fighting 
for every rod of ground gained, until the " Ninth" took position where our 
lines of fortifications were subsequently established, and where the " Ninth " 
took part in the siege of Petersburg continuously for over two months, 
one month and a half of which she did duty in the trenches. 

In the latter part of August the brigade was sent to the North side of 
the Appomatox. While on that portion of our line south of the Appomattox, 
there was constant firing both day and night, and the men in the rifle pits 
could only be relieved under cover of darkness the men going in and com- 
ing out stealthily. While north of the river, there seemed to be a tacit 
understanding between the contending forces that there should be no 
sharpshooting or promiscuous firing, except there was an attack, and this 
understanding was religiously observed by both sides. The change was 
so great from our previous experience, that the quiet really became 
monotonous. 

It was then that the officers of the brigade urged me to see the depart- 
ment commander, and ascertain whether he would not send us back to 
North Carolina to recruit and rest up. I, therefore, called on the com- 
manding general, stated my case, giving as a reason for the request that our 
ranks were thin, and it would afford us an opportunity to get recruits and 
drill them, and by spring he could send for us when our ranks would be 
filled, and we would be well fitted for the next year's campaign. 

The General remained very quiet while I was talking, and I did not 
feel comfortable as to how he would take my request. After a moment's 
silence, he asked, "Do you know what that brigade did on the i6th of 
May?" I replied, "Their duty, I trust." "Yes," said he, "they always 
did that, but they killed and wounded of the enemy twice their number. 
They deserve anything they ask for, and I will issue the necessary orders 
to bring up five regiments from North Carolina, and for your brigade to 
take their places. " 

This was done, and that was how we returned to our first " Stamping 
Ground," in October, 1864. 

We were not allowed to rest much after our return. We were almost 
constantly on the move in one direction or the other, and we invariably 
found sufficient of the enemy to sharply contest our march. 

On December 5, 1904, the regiment left its camp at Carolina City, 
taking cars to New Berne where it embarked on transports for Plymouth, 
arriving at that town on the morning of the yth. It joined the Twenty- 
seventh Massachusetts and detachments of the Second Massachusetts 



Heavy Artillery, Eighty -fifth New York, Sixteenth Connecticut, One 
hundred and first and One hundred and third Pennsylvania, three com- 
panies of cavalry from the Third and Twelfth New York and First North 
Carolina, all under command of the colonel of the Second Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery. The line of march was taken up early in the morning 
of December 9, the Ninth New Jersey, as usual, in the advance on the 
road to Williamstown, meeting the enemy first at Gardner's Bridge, but 
soon driving them from their position. 

The advance was continued on the loth, the enemy being driven from 
their position at Foster's Bridge and closing the day with a sharp skirmish 
at Bigg's Plantation, where the " Ninth" went into bivouac well in advance 
of the other commands. 

On the afternoon of the nth the march was resumed, skirmishing 
with the enemy commencing immediately, and continuing until dark, by 
which time a point was reached close to Butler's Bridge, within a short 
distance of Fort Branch and Rainbow Bluff, where the creek empties 
into the Roanoke. A young colored man called Mose offered his services 
to guide the troops down the creek to within sight of Fort Branch, where a 
crossing could be made, and by a detour through the town of Williamstown 
they could come in rear of the enemy who were strongly entrenched on the 
farther side of the creek at Butler's Bridge. At a conference held that night, 
it was determined that an effort should be made during the night to get in 
the rear of the Confederates who were guarding Butler's Bridge with a 
force of infantry and four pieces of light artillery. The colonel of the Ninth 
New Jersey was charged with the execution of the movement and ordered 
to take his regiment, the Twenty-seventh Massachusetts, and Company 
"A" of New York Heavy Artillery and try and accomplish the under- 
taking ; while the other troops under the commander of the forces were to 
be so disposed (in case of our success) as to cut off the enemy's escape 
by way of the bridge and the Tarboro Road to the east and in our direction. 
We started on our perilous undertaking at midnight. 

It was a bright moonlight night and bitterly cold. " Mose, ' ' the colored 
man previously mentioned, who was thoroughly familiar with the ground, 
acted as our guide. Reaching the dam, a short distance above Fort Branch, 
we found by using the logs caught on the dam and the exposed rocks the 
men could work their way across. First we sent one man over to recon- 
noitre, and learn whether any Confederate pickets were posted in our way. 
Either on account of the extreme cold weather, or the remote possibility 
of an attack from that quarter, the Confederates had withdrawn their 
guard from the picket post by the old mill. The men were then instructed 
to muffle their canteens and bayonets and prevent any noise, and were 
cautioned to be silent and stealthful on the march, as our course took us 
inside the outer line of the works of the fort. As we quietly made our 



72 

way close to and by the fort, a sentry on the ramparts stood with his back 
towards us, his gun at an " order, " and his head and shoulders wrapped up 
to protect him from the biting winds. The colonel commanding took posi- 
tion opposite this sentry, intending, in case our movement was discovered, to 
immediately charge the fort, but the sentry was oblivious to all going on 
about him. Seeing such an inattentive guard upon the ramparts, the 
major of the " Ninth" begged the colonel to let him take the regiment and 
charge the fort. The colonel, while admitting that such action would 
in all probability be successful, declined to order it, because, if from any 
reason it should fail, he would justly be censured for engaging in an 
enterprise which would endanger the object for which the detour was 
ordered. 

The force soon reached the town and boldly marched through its 
street, the inhabitants and such of the Confederates as were in its houses 
utterly oblivious to the fact that the Union forces were passing by. As 
soon as the houses were passed, the colonel directed Company "A," Cap- 
tain Appleget, and Company "I," Captain Charles Hufty, in the advance 
towards Butler's Bridge, followed closely by the other troops. Upon 
reaching the main road from Hamilton a number of the enemy were cap- 
tured in their barracks, and soon Colonel Hinton and his adjutant and 
surgeon of the Sixty -eighth North Carolina Regiment coming up the road 
from Butler's Bridge rode directly into the ranks of the Twenty-seventh 
Massachusetts and were captured. The bridge was almost reached before 
the Confederates were apprised of the nearness of the Union troops, and as 
soon as the alarm was given Captains Appleget and Hufty dashed into the 
double line of earthworks at the bridge, driving the Confederates into the 
trap which was supposed to be laid for them by the troops which had re- 
mained on the east side of the creek. The colonel directed the major of 
the "Ninth" to hold the outer line of earthworks, and himself took the 
Twenty-seventh Massachusetts and two companies of the "Ninth" in pur- 
suit of the Confederates, only to find with much chagrin that the party 
in command of the expedition had failed to secure the road by which the 
Confederates had passed. 

In the meantime, the Sixty-eighth North Carolina had assembled and 
followed our troops down to the bridge, occupying the inner line of earth- 
works, the "Ninth" holding the outer line, and the two were soon engaged 
in exchanging shots. The colonel, hearing the firing, quickly rode back 
upon the horse captured from Colonel Hinton, and ordered the major of 
the "Ninth" to charge with his regiment upon the enemy, which was 
quickly done, the colonel having his horse shot from under him. The 
Confederates retreated before the charge of the "Ninth," and the latter 
rapidly changed the face of the works in anticipation that the enemy 
would return with reinforcements from the fort. We remained there 



73 

until the afternoon, and the enemy not approaching, a retrogade movement 
towards Plymouth was made. 

Thus ended an expedition which should have resulted in the capture 
of the Sixty-eighth North Carolina Infantry, a battery of four pieces and 
possibly Fort Branch with its garrison and guns. The veterans of the 
"Ninth" and "Twenty-seventh," having so successfully carried out their 
part of the programme, were excusably disgusted that their all-night's 
perilous and creditable work should come to naught through some one's 
(to put it mildly) poor management. 

On March 5, 1865, we left New Berne on what proved to be the closing 
campaign, Major General Schofield commanding our forces. At South- 
west Creek, near Kinston, and in front of Kinston, the Confederates met us 
in force, and for three days and nights there was the sharpest kind of fight- 
ing, and the greatest gallantry was displayed on both sides. Several times 
the enemy charged our line en masse, seeming determined to force us 
back, but our force was too strong and to well seasoned to give way. 

In this engagement the "Ninth" served as a "free lance," having 
the advance until the enemy's lines were ascertained, and then took the 
right of the line of battle. We had just repulsed a charge in our front, 
when an aide from General Cox rode up and said the enemy was massing 
for a charge on our left, and for the "Ninth" to support our men there. 
We "double-quicked" most of the way, and reached there just in time to 
be of service. The " Ninth " had only fairly got its breath after assisting in 
repulsing this charge, when up dashed Colonel Cox, of General Cox's staff, 
again, and said the enemy were about to charge our centre, and for the 
" Ninth" to get there quickly, which they did, and the enemy's charge was 
again repulsed. The Confederates, during the night, evacuated the works. 

General Sherman's battle at Bentonville made the retreat of General 
Hill necessary. We found their fortifications very strong. In the charges 
which were made the opposing forces met hand to hand, and prisoners 
were taken by both sides. 

Our army moved towards Goldsboro, at which point it was to await 
the approach of General Sherman's Army, which was moving up the coast. 
The "Ninth" was the first in Goldsboro, having the advance, and her 
National and State colors were floating from the cupola of the Court House 
before the remainder of the army reached the place. 

On March 23 General Sherman's Army reached Goldsboro. Early 
in April, the army under General Sherman took up the line of march for 
Raleigh. 

We had proceeded but a few miles when a courier arrived, informing 
General Sherman that General Lee had surrendered. General Sherman, 
dashing along the line, waving his hat, and shouting the news to the men. 
The scenes which followed this announcement beggars description; the 



74 

men seemed beside themselves with joy, for they knew this was the begin- 
ning of the end, and that the cruel war was about over. After the excite- 
ment had in a measure subsided, the line of march was again taken up. 

Reaching Raleigh, General Johnston, commanding the Confederate 
Army in North Carolina, negotiated terms of surrender with General Sher- 
man. The " Ninth" New Jersey was ordered to proceed by rail to Greens- 
boro, N. C., which was General Johnston's headquarters, and establish 
patrol in the town, and protect public and private property. It having 
been reported that Johnston's Army was without commissary supplies, 
the " Ninth" carried with them in the same train 60,000 rations, which were 
turned over to the Confederate soldiers. 

So, you see, citizens of North Carolina, that the Union soldier, as soon 
as the smoke of battle had cleared away, extended the hand of friendship 
and hospitality to the brave soldiers, who, for near four years had so gal- 
lantly confronted them. 

And now, comrades, after a lapse of forty-three years, we find our- 
selves near the scene of our early struggle not, as then, with weapons in 
our hands, but now our pilgrimage is one of peace, with the purpose of 
honoring the memory of those of our comrades who have gone before. To 
them we dedicate this monument, an appropriate offering from our State, 
to those of her "Ninth" Regiment, who fought, who bled, and who died 
that their country might live. 

Monuments such as this may not add lustre to the dead, but they do 
keep in remembrance the valor of the soldier, who never weighed the cost 
when duty made her call upon him. 

To the memory of our departed comrades, in whatever battle-ground 
they may have found final rest, and to the regiment in whose ranks they 
fell, this monument is here dedicated by their surviving comrades. 

PRESENTATION OF MONUMENT TO GOVERNOR STOKES OF 

NEW JERSEY. 

At the conclusion of his address, General Stewart formally 
turned the monument over to Governor Stokes, of New Jersey, with 
these words: 

Governor Stokes: 

The Commission appointed by your honored predecessor, having 
fulfilled the purpose of their appointment, have great pleasure in trans- 
ferring to you the result of their labor, typified in this monument, and by 
the presence of the survivors of New Jersey's Ninth Regiment. 

The valor and sacrifice which this monument commemorates, the trib- 



77 

ute to the memory of those who laid down their lives that their country 
might live, will be an object lesson of patriotism to this, and to future 
generations, as well as a reminder of some part of New Jersey's contri- 
bution to a reunited Nation. 

His Excellency Edward C. Stokes, Governor of New Jersey, 
in accepting the monument, said: 

Gentlemen of the State Commission for Erecting this Monument, Survivors of 
the Ninth Regiment, Ladies and Gentlemen of New Jersey and North 
Carolina, Daughters of the Confederacy and Members of Camp No. 1162, 
United Confederate Veterans, and your Excellency R. B. Glenn, Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina: 

My duty has called me to visit this beautiful and prosperous State, 
and to be the recipient of a welcome that has most profoundly stirred my 
soul, and exemplified the proverbial hospitality for which you of the South 
have ever been noted. Indeed so hearty has been the welcome that I am 
tempted upon my return to Trenton to search the archives of the State to see 
if I can find another captured North Carolina flag as an excuse to again 
visit this State, so that I can return it and then once more be a recipient 
of your hospitality. 

I shall, in any event, try to make annual visits so that I may partake 
of the food to be had here, because I notice that you grow big Governors 
in North Carolina, but if I cannot come, I would be glad to transplant some 
of the soil of North Carolina to New Jersey so that I may thereon grow to 
the stature of Governor Glenn. 

I desire to thank the State Commission for the splendid manner in 
which they have executed the trust reposed in them, the monument which 
they have presented to me as the Chief Executive of the State, and which 
I shall have the pleasure to present to the representatives of the National 
Government is a magnificent work of the sculptor, artistic in its design, 
beautiful in its contour and pleasing in its proportions, it is without blemish, 
and is altogether a credit to them and to the State. 

When I look upon this vast assemblage and consider that you, my 
friends of North Carolina, have come together to aid us of New Jersey in 
honoring the memory of our departed heroes, I can scarcely realize that 
those you are now honoring were one time your foes, engaged in a stu- 
pendous struggle ; for now all is peace and quietness in the land, harmony 
has supplanted strife, and love has conquered hate. This morning, in 
company with Governor Glenn, I beheld a great spectacle the men in 
gray and men in blue marching side by side under the folds of the emblem 
of the Confederacy and the flag of the United States, moved by the spirit 



of veneration for the departed heroes, dropped garlands of flowers upon 
the graves of those who wore the gray and those who wore the blue. My 
hearers, the significance of that spectacle is replete with momentous interest 
to the Nation, for it heralds to all sections of this great country the fact 
that all dissension and acrimony have been suppressed and forgotten, and 
that we of New Jersey and you of North Carolina have joined hands in 
evidence of complete reconciliation. 

New Jersey, like North Carolina, experienced all the vicissitudes of the 
days of the early settlements and the struggles for colonial existence, 
eking out a bare living for many years, hewing out with the axe and saw 
homes midst the primeval forest, sometimes enjoying plenty but more often 
suffering from want and sickness, gaining steadily, however, in strength 
and numbers until finally they were enabled to establish the colonies on a 
firm foundation. When the English Government in its insatiable greed 
began to oppress the colonies and to tax them beyond their power to bear, 
these two, with the others, entered their protest, and in September, 1774, 
met in the first Continental Congress, in Philadelphia, and in the following 
month passed the Declaration of Rights of the Colonies. The battle of 
Lexington in April, 1775, sounded the tocsin of war and events crowded 
each other rapidly until the Declaration of Independence was signed and 
promulgated July 4, 1776 in this action representatives from both 
these colonies participated. Upon the soil of both there were fought many 
important battles, sometimes in defeat, sometimes in victory, but the sons 
of both earning immortal glory fighting until the consummation of victory 
at Yorktown. The friendship between the two colonies was thus firmly 
cemented, and continued as States for eighty years. Then came the 
conflict of the Civil War, and it is with the deepest regret that I refer to 
those dreadful times. New Jersey and North Carolina took opposite sides 
in that struggle and each sent her sons to the opposing armies. New 
Jersey sent into the land and naval forces 88,305 men. Among the 
number was the Ninth Regiment, which accompanied General Burnside 
to this State, and as you have just heard from General Stewart, it took 
part in almost all the battles in North Carolina, as well as some important 
ones in Virginia; New Jersey is very proud of the record of her Ninth 
Regiment in the field and camp, and I assure you, my friends, she is 
justly proud of the esteem and praise I have heard bestowed upon the 
officers and men by you, citizens of North Carolina, for the consideration 
they showed, during the war, towards your families who were left within 
the Union lines. 

I am delighted beyond expression to see the Confederate and Union 
veterans exchanging fraternal greetings here to-day, and to mark with 
what fervor they do honor to the departed heroes of both Confederate and 
Union sides, meeting as citizens of the common country. Let us all pray 



79 

that never again shall fratricidal strife devastate this land and alienate those 
whose best interests can be subserved by building up the power and influ- 
ence of the Government. 

The time has now come when Grant and Lee, Meade and Jackson 
and all the leaders and men of both armies shall be regarded as American 
soldiers only, and belonging to the Nation, men of whose valor we are justly 
proud. 

And now, to you, Gardner Parker Thornton, Superintendent of this 
National Cemetery, and representing the National Government, I entrust 
this monument erected by the State of New Jersey, confident that under 
your administration and that of your successors it will be cared for and 
preserved. 

Governor Stokes' excellent address was received with rapt atten- 
tion, and was frequently interrupted by enthusiastic applause. 

ACCEPTANCE OF MONUMENT BY MAJOR GARDNER P. THORNTON. 

The monument was received for the United States Government 
by Major Gardner P. Thornton, Superintendent of the National 
Cemetery, at New Berne, N. C. 

Major Thornton said: 

Your Excellency, E. C. Stokes, Governor of New Jersey: 

As the representative of the War Department of the United States 
Government, I accept from your hands the handsome monument erected 
by the State of New Jersey in honor of the dead heroes of her Ninth Regi- 
ment of Volunteer Infantry, and assure you that it will be my pleasure, as 
well as my duty, and the duty of those who succeed me, to properly care 
for and preserve it as a sacred memento of the valor and loyalty of those 
who were connected with the famous Ninth New Jersey Regiment. 

ADDRESS OF GOVERNOR GLENN OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

A roar of cheers greeted Governor Robert B. Glenn, of North 
Carolina, as he rose to deliver the closing address. 

It is clearly evident that the Governor of North Carolina holds 
a warm place in the hearts of his people, and his admirable address 
was rapturously received by the thousands assembled: 

Governor R. B. Glenn, of North Carolina, was then announced 
by General Stewart as the next speaker The Governor, as his 



8o 

photograph reproduced in this book indicates, is a large, healthy, 
vigorous gentleman of the Southern type, energetic and enthusiastic 
in the performance of every duty; a natural orator, finely cultivated, 
with a manner that inspires his audience with a full appreciation of 
his sincerity, his patriotism and friendliness. 

His address on the occasion was responded to by all present, 
showing that the people then assembled were in full accord with the 
sentiments expressed by him. 

He declared his happiness in being able to welcome to North 
Carolina soil those who had come from New Jersey, and especially 
the surviving members of the Ninth Regiment, and his Excellency 
Edward C. Stokes, Governor of that State, and in reply to the senti- 
ment expressed by Governor Stokes that he would like to transplant 
some of the soil of North Carolina to New Jersey in order that New 
Jersey might raise larger Governors; he said that a little bird had 
whispered to him that his Excellency Governor Stokes is a bachelor, 
and he would earnestly recommend to him that instead of trans- 
planting the soil of North Carolina, he should select from the many 
beautiful North Carolina ladies present a bud to transplant to New 
Jersey, thus binding in closer ties the friendship now uniting the 
two States of North Carolina and New Jersey. 

While in 1862 the people of North Carolina met you men of New 
Jersey in hostile array with the sword, bullet and shell, in all the 
horrors of a fratricidal war, to-day they welcome you upon their 
soil as friends and citizens of a common country, a glorious inheri- 
tance from our forefathers. 

New Jersey and North Carolina stood side by side in all the events 
leading up to the independence of the colonies ; they alike protested 
against the tyranny and injustice of the mother country ; they were 
together in signing the Declaration of Independence, marched and 
fought with the army in the battles of the Revolution, fraternized in 
its camps, suffered in its hardships, mourned in its reverses and 
gloried in its victories; they were at Valley Forge, Morris Plains, 
Trenton, Princeton, Monmouth, Springfield, at Cowpens, Kings 
Mountain, Camden, Guilford Court House, Hobkirk's Hill and at 
the surrender of Cornwallis. 



3 

When the inevitable conflict came between the States, the 
" Old North State" was very reluctant to enter the war, but desired 
to remain in the Union ; however, when the fight actually commenced 
by the firing from and on Fort Sumter, there was no other honorable 
course for North Carolina to adopt than to join the issue as raised 
by her immediate sister States. 

She sent to the war the choicest of her sons, who exhibited the 
valor and endurance of American soldiers, they advanced farthest 
at Gettysburg, and fought last at Appomattox, and their bones are 
strewn on every battlefield from Pennsylvania to Texas. Why 
should it not be so? The men of the North and of the South, Ameri- 
cans all, were equal in valor and in bravery, in endurance and per- 
severance, in fearless devotion to the cause each espoused, led on 
the one side by such great soldiers as Lee and Jackson, on the other 
by Grant and Thomas, and a host of other great officers on both 
sides. 

These sentiments invoking cheers as each name was mentioned, 
the Governor expressed his delight that the Union soldiers present 
cheered at the name of Lee, and the Confederates at the name of 
Grant. He thanked God that he lived to see the day when such evi- 
dences were given of complete reconciliation, and he believed he 
voiced the gratitude of the spirit of his own dead soldier father, 
which hovered over the scene, in praise and thanksgiving for a 
reunited country. 

He declared that the people of the South loved the Country 
and its flag, and the men of North Carolina will join with those of 
New Jersey in maintaining the supremacy of the Nation, and in 
defending its flag whenever or wherever assailed, and he wanted the 
world to know that two States, once hostile, have united in peace, 
and can both do honor to those who died in battle. 

We of the South have no apology to make for the course that 
we took in the late war. We did what we thought was right. 

But while this is true, we honor and respect the brave men on 
the other side who fought and those who died to mam tain their 
views, and we commend you men of the Ninth Regiment for thus 
coming to North Carolina to erect this beautiful monument in honor 



8 4 

of your heroic dead ; corning in a peaceful and loving brotherly spirit 
among your one-time foes, and exhibiting a true spirit of reconcilia- 
tion, a spirit that is emphasized in the color of the stone, for it is 
neither blue nor gray, but the sculptor who has chiseled it, either by 
accident or design, has so fixed its unfading tint, as to show a mingling 
of the blue and gray into the one solid color which it bears, this being 
a resultant tint of the two colors in close combination. 

You have placed this monument in North Carolina soil, and it 
becomes a sacred part of her. Two months ago I wrote to Lieu- 
tenant Edward H. Green, Secretary of the New Jersey State Com- 
mission, that your State could place any inscription upon it that was 
desired, and when some of my friends objected that such license 
might induce the Commission to place thereon something offensive, 
I replied that brave men never strike below the belt; my predic- 
tion has proven true, the monument is beautiful in its design, chaste 
in its every feature, and in its inscription descriptive of its object. 

I tell you now that if there is a vandal in Craven County and I 
know there is not, or one such in North Carolina, which God grant 
there is not, who with impious hand would chisel out a line or muti- 
late a curve of that glorious memorial to your glorified dead; as 
long as God gave me authority or power, I would have him hunted 
down and punished, and no prayer for clemency could stay the execu- 
tion of the law, and the full expiation of its stern decree. 

The following poem was then read by its author, Wilbur W. Wor- 
lock, of Brooklyn, New York. 

NEW JERSEY'S VETERAN DEAD. 

We stand 'mid the graves of New Jersey's dead, 

The pride of State, the Flower of our land, 
Whose spirit from body long since fled, 

At the Great Captain's command. 
Bivouacked in that camp Faith pictures afar, 

Where no long-roll is ever beat, 
They rest beyond the blue, and the stars; 

And no blast of bugle sounds the retreat. 



85 

The Ninth New Jersey with which these Heroes fought, 

Was made up of men with nerves of steel, 
From hour of muster constant action sought 

Twenty-nine engagements is its record in the field. 
Who of us can picture the feelings of these men, 

More than one hundred days held under fire? 
Led to the charge again, and once again; 

They struggled on, were fearless, did not tire. 

'Mid boom of cannon, roar of musketry and whizzing shell, 
These "Jersey heroes bravely fought, and nobly fell. 
For them, Death had no terror, duty towered o'er all, 
Like men and patriots, they welcomed the last call. 
Some breathed their last in gory field, others in hospital 
Removed from home and loved ones, no farewell, 
From lips of wife, mother, children, fell on their ear, 
Ere entering the dark valley we are taught to fear. 

Turn back the hands on dial aged by Time, 

Recall the battles these heroes fought, 
Extol their loyalty in prose and rhyme. 

Cherish the blessings their action brought. 
Nearly one hundred of New Jersey's sons, 

Lie uncofftned 'neath the soil we trod ; 
Filled with deep gratitude we come, 

To pay homage to her veteran dead. 

Monuments crumble, dust returns to dust, 
But deeds live on, and never rust. 
Gibralter like, withstand the tide of Time. 
Each passing cycle makes them more sublime. 
Hence more than forty years after these heroes fell, 
We dedicate this monument, and tell, 
Of valiant deeds enacted from '61 to '64. 
As book of memory is opened up once more. 

This shaft of beauty in coming years will stand, 
A silent sentinel, proclaim throughout our land, 
That New Jersey is stanch and true, 
Reveres her dead who wore the blue; 
Attest and clearly emphasize, 
That they who for their country died, 
Within its great heart shall abide, 
Till all have passed the other side. 



86 

Were mother earth by magic rolled, 
Into one massive sphere of gold, 
It could not pay the debt we owe, 
To those whose ashes lie below 
These green capped mounds. 

We stand 'mid the graves of New Jersey's dead, 

As May's pure air 'bove each loved one's head, 

Through the grass blades murmurs its song unseen, 

In a strain so musical and sweet, 

That the birds join the refrain, 

And the winds seem to say: " Let the brave boys sleep, 

Till at the Judgment dawn they shall waken again." 

INVOCATION. 

Oh, God ; Thou ruler of all nations, men, 

Creator of the Heavens above, the earth beneath, 

Crown Thou this dedication with Love's bright diadem: 
Hallow our acts, the sword forever sheath. 

As crimson flood of war's receded at Thy will, 

The Ark of Freedom on Union's mount found place, 

Keep Thou the window of our soul wide open still. 

Admit the dove with olive branch, proclaim eternal peace. 

The exercises were then closed with a benediction by the Re. 
G. T. Adams. 

The line then reformed, returned to New Berne, and dismissed. 



PRESENTATION OF BEAUFORT 
PLOWBOY FLAG 



presentation of Beaufort plotsboy 



On the evening of May 18, in New Berne Court House, before 
a large and enthusiastic audience, Governor Glenn, of North Caro- 
lina, presented the Beaufort Plowboy flag to Mrs. E. N. Joyner, of 
Columbia, South Carolina, who, forty years before, as Miss Mary 
Winfield, presented the flag, which she helped to make, to the Beau- 
fort Plowboy s. 

Mrs. Joyner, in turn, placed the flag in the hands of the son of 
Captain Harding of the Beaufort Plowboys, to whom she originally 
gave it, Captain Harding being unable, through ill health, to be 
present personally. 

The speeches of Governor Glenn, Mrs. Joyner and Mr. Harding, 
all received with great enthusiasm, are given herewith in full. 

The ceremonies were concluded by the singing of "The Old 
North State." 

SPEECH OF GOVERNOR R. B. GLENN, OF NORTH CAROLINA, UPON 
PRESENTING BEAUFORT PLOWBOY FLAG TO MRS. JOYNER. 

To the Honorable Speaker of the House of Representatives of New Jersey, 
the Grand Army of the Republic, Daughters of the Confederacy, Ladies 
and Gentlemen: 

Through the courtesy of the State of New Jersey this flag has been 
placed in my hands, representing the State of North Carolina, to' be pre- 
served among the State's most sacred treasures of a past never to be for- 
gotten. It is my great pleasure here to-night to return it to the owners, 
the one who first made it and the one who bore it to battle. You, ladies 
of New Jersey, were just as true and brave from your point of view as were 
our dear women, but the circumstances surrounding you were not the same 
as ours. In the South, where almost every one lived on the plantation, 
every man's home was his castle and every woman there a queen. When 
this awful war burst upon us, it was said the Southern woman could not 
cope with trials, because she had been nurtured in plenty and knew no 
suffering, and therefore could not now suffer and be strong. They little 

89 



9 

knew of what stuff such women were made. Those having slaves took 
charge of the plantations, the raising of supplies to feed the soldiers, mak- 
ing clothes to keep them warm, while the men were bade to go to the front 
and to come back only with their shields on them. Those having no slaves 
themselves ploughed the fields and worked the loom, that their men could 
go forth to fight and die for their country. In the hospitals and on battle- 
fields they went as angels of mercy and helped the wounded, soothed the 
comfortless or gave solace in the dying hour. No country ever possessed 
grander, truer or nobler women. Among those noble women was the 
young, strong but shrinking, modest, patriotic Mary Winfield. She pre- 
sented this flag which she had helped to make forty-four years ago. She 
is here to-night spared to us in the providence of God to receive it back. 
The child has grown into a woman of age, the wife of a soldier first in battle, 
since of the cross, the mother of a noble son and daughter. Behold her, 
my countrymen and old veterans of the North and the South and do her 
homage, for it is one of the grandest, most glorious incidents I have ever 
heard, that God has spared this glorious woman to be here and take back 
this flag. Madam, the tribute you paid that day to the living cause was 
a noble one, and, in the name of the Old North State, I have the honor and 
the pleasure of presenting you this flag. 

MRS. JOYNER'S REPLY TO GOVERNOR GLENN, AND PRESENTATION 

TO MR HARDING. 

From you, sir, representing his Excellency, the Governor of New Jersey, 
and through you from the survivors of the Ninth Regiment of your Com- 
monwealth, who in battle won this flag from its brave defenders, we receive 
it back with a grateful joy. 

The resolution of your State and the fraternal motives of the members 
of the Ninth New Jersey, preceding and leading to this unique occasion, 
signalize the happy truth, that "peace hath her victories no less renowned 
than war." 

That this trophy has been so well preserved, and is brought back 
again, with what honor we are all assured, is a source of satisfaction to those 
who had to yield it up, as well as a tribute to those of you, soldiers of the 
Ninth, who conquered it. In the name of the Beaufort County Plowboys, 
and all our fellow countrymen, most heartily do I thank you. 

Your Excellency, of North Carolina, through you it is our sacred office 
to receive and restore this "tattered banner" to the remnant of those to 
whom it was one of my life's most honoring acts to entrust it in behalf of 
the patriotic women of our community, more than forty years ago. That 
they could not save it then was no dishonor to them, for "memory guards 
with sacred round" the record of their "sublime endeavor," and it will 



MRS.E.N.JOYNER 
"WHO RECEIVED THE 

PLOWBOYS FLAG.' 




93 

not be forgotten that it all but prostrated a regiment, and such a regiment 
to capture a company's flag nor then perhaps as your Excellency last night 
recalled until the hand that held it had yielded to a soldier's death. None 
but Americans could have fought so fiercely for it, none but Americans 
could have wrested it from Americans. 

For your noble courtesy, sir, in taking this part with us, in behalf of the 
Plowboys and of all the veterans of the Old North State, I am most grateful. 

And you, sir, representing him, your now venerable father, into whose 
hands this flag was placed by mine, must now and again at my hands, take it 
back to him, and under what circumstances the whole land knows and will 
glory in. The memories of the past which it enshrines need to be only spoken 
of but may it through those memories be a talisman to its future guardians ; 
forever, of the chivalry which becomes the soldier, of the patriotism the 
citizen should exhibit, of the grace and dignity of life which make up the 
Christian man. Receive it, sir, bear it tenderly to the old captain, and 
God bless him and the loved and honored remnant of the Beaufort County 
Plowboys. 

MR. HARDING 's ACCEPTANCE OF BEAUFORT PLOWBOY FLAG. 

Mrs. Joyner: 

In behalf of the survivors of the Beaufort Plowboys permit me to 
express the deepest feelings of love and veneration for the battle flag you 
have placed in my hands to-night, and to assure you that it is received 
with great pleasure. 

As the son of the captain of that heroic company, the Beaufort Plow- 
boys, who fought in the gallant defense of your city by the sea, I accept 
this flag as the emblem of their devotion to their country's cause. 

I am glad that I am the son of a Confederate veteran. I am glad that 
I am an American citizen, and I am glad that after the wild whirlwind of 
battle is ended, peace reigns supreme. 

Forty-three years ago this honored flag was waving in the defense of 
your beautiful city, but in the raging battle, torn by shot and shell and 
baptized in blood, it was wrested by the force of superior numbers from the 
brave hands that bore it and through the ever-changing vicissitudes of war 
found its way into the State of New Jersey. But to-day peace smiles upon 
our great united country, and through the softening influence of many 
intervening years the honored flag finds its way "back to home again." 

While we rejoice in a reunited country and welcome the return to 
the breast of every American citizen that feeling of brotherly love and 
friendship which prompts the return of the flag, yet we love to think of 
the Plowboys that flag represented in the days gone by, and we will con- 
tinue to love and to honor the heroic bravery of those boys in gray as long 
as time shall last. 



Banquet 



The Commission issued the following invitation: 

A banquet will be tendered the Governors of North Carolina 
and New Jersey at New Berne, on the evening of May the 
eighteenth, at eight thirty o'clock, to which you are cordially 
invited. 

In accordance therewith a banquet was prepared at Hotel 
Chattawka, and one hundred gentlemen from New Jersey, Raleigh, 
Kinston, Goldsboro, New Berne and other places in North Carolina 
participated. 

General James Stewart, Jr., presided, while Lieutenant Colonel 
Hufty and Lieutenant E. H. Green, members of the Commission, 
devoted their efforts to advance the comfort of their guests. 

Governor Glenn, of North Carolina, and his Staff, Hon. J. Boyd 
Avis representing Governor Stokes, of New Jersey, with the Gover- 
nor's Staff, were present. 

Speeches abounding in wit, rhetoric, and terms of loyalty and 
giving many reminiscences were made by General Stewart, Governor 
Glenn, Hon. J. Boyd Avis, Lieutenant Governor Winston, of North 
Carolina, Hon. J. Bryan Grimes, Secretary of State of North Caro- 
lina, and Hon. I. T. Nichols, of New Jersey, those of the two States 
vying with each other in making the affair one long to be remembered 
for its good fellowship and pleasantry. In consequence of the neces- 
sity for Governor Glenn and his Staff to take a train for Raleigh, the 
formalities of the banquet closed at a rather early hour, although 
some of the gentlemen continued the speeches informally until a 
late hour. 

At the same time the banquet was given to the Governors, the 
New Berne Chapter No. 204, United Daughters of the Confederacy, 
led by Mrs. F. S. Duffy, President, Mrs. S. R. Street, Vice-Presi- 
dent, and Miss M. L. Hendren, Secretary, entertained the ladies from 

97 



98 

New Jersey at their Chapter Rooms with a most delightful recep- 
tion, where conversation was interspersed with music, singing and 
refreshments. Upon this occasion, many bonds of friendship were 
made between the New Jersey and North Carolina ladies, the festivi- 
ties continuing until a late hour. The ladies of North Carolina at 
this time, as well as at the reception at the Court House, sang with 
much spirit and patriotic fervor, "The Old North State," written 
by William Gaston, who died and was buried in Cedar Grove Ceme- 
tery, New Berne, in 1844. 

THE OLD NORTH STATE. 

Carolina, Carolina, Heaven's blessings attend her, 
While we live we will cherish, protect and defend her 
Tho' the scorner may sneer at and witling defame her, 
Yet our hearts swell with gladness whenever we name her. 

CHORUS : 
Hurrah, Hurrah, 
The old North State forever, 
Hurrah, Hurrah, 

The good old North State. 

Tho' she envies not others their merited glory, 

Say whose name stands the foremost in Liberty's story ; 

Tho' too true to herself e'er to crouch to oppression, 

Who can yield to just rule a more loyal submission? CHORUS. 

Plain and artless her Sons, but whose doors open faster, 

To the knock of the stranger or tale of disaster ; 

How like to the rudeness of their dear native mountains, 

With rich ore in their bosoms, and life in their fountains? CHORUS. 

And her Daughters the queen of the forest resembling, 

So graceful, so constant, to gentlest breath trembling; 

And true lightwood at heart, let the match be applied them, 

How they kindle in flame oh ! none know but who've tried them. 

CHORUS. 

Then let all who love us, love the land that we live in, 

As happy a region as on this side of heaven, 

Where plenty and freedom love and peace smite before us, 

Raise aloud, raise together the heart thrilling chorus. CHORUS. 



LETTERS OF THANKS 



letters of Cfyanhs 



CAMDEN, N. J. 

MR. J. J. WOLFENDEN, 

Commander of New Bern Camp No. 1162, U. C. V., New Berne, 

North Carolina. 
Dear Sir: 

The State Commission, for erecting the monument at New Berne, 
North Carolina, to the Ninth New Jersey Regiment members who are 
buried in the Cemetery there, extend to you and to the members of New 
Berne Camp No. 1162, U. C. V., their expression of thankfulness for the 
extreme kindness shown by you and the members of your Camp to them 
and the Union veterans, ladies and citizens of New Jersey who accom- 
panied them to your city on the seventeenth day of May, 1905. 

The wonderful success of the occasion of the unveiling and dedication 
of the monument was largely due as the result of your kind consideration 
and untiring efforts; and the loyal, fraternal welcome given by the Con- 
federate veterans to the veterans of the Ninth New Jersey Regiment as 
true brothers and fellow citizens of our great Republic, has endeared you 
to all veterans of New Jersey. 

We can all glory in the valor and achievements of the American sol- 
dier, and pledge ourselves to the advancement of the interests of our com- 
mon country, burying forever all past differences. 

Very sincerely yours, 

JAMES STEWART, JR., President. 
SAMUEL HUFTY, Treasurer. 
E. H. GREEN, Secretary. 

CAMDEN, N. J. 
MRS. F. S. DUFFY, 

President of New Berne Chapter No. 204, U. D. C., New Berne, 

North Carolina. 
Dear Madam: 

The State Commsision herewith tenders to you and to the ladies of 
New Berne Chapter No. 204, U. D. C., their most heartfelt thanks for the 
royal welcome extended to them and to those who accompanied them to 

IOI 



IO2 



New Berne to unveil and dedicate the monument erected to the members 
of the Ninth New Jersey Regiment, who are buried in the National Cemetery 
there. 

By your great courtesy, bounteous hospitality and cordial reception, 
you have entailed upon them, and through them, upon the citizens of 
New Jersey an obligation they can never hope adequately to reciprocate. 

The fraternal love and respect then engendered will unite the two 
States of North Carolina and New Jersey in a holy, loyal compact which 
will never be broken, and those of New Jersey will ever cherish the memory 
of your kindness as the happiest event of their lives. 

Very sincerely yours, 

JAMES STEWART, JR., President. 
SAMUEL HUFTY, Treasurer. 
E. H. GREEN, Secretary. 



MAJOR SAMUEL R. STREET, 
N-C- 




ADDENDA 



A66cn6a 



Personnel of New Jersey Party. 

Governor E. C. Stokes, of New Jersey. 

Hon. J. Boyd Avis, Speaker of House of Assembly. 

Mrs. J. Boyd Avis. 

Governor's Staff and Guests. 

General R. Heber Breintnall, Adjutant General. 

Colonel Stewart Craven. 

Colonel Joseph Olyphant, 

Captain Harry Kramer. 

Captain Harry Salter. 

Mrs. Harry Salter. 

Captain B. W. Cloud. 

Hon. I. T. Nichols. 

Mr. William Albright, Secretary to Hon. J. Boyd Avis. 

Mrs. William Albright. 

State Commissioners and Guests. 

General James Stewart, Jr., President. 

Mrs. James Stewart, Jr., Matron of Honor. 

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Hufty, Treasurer. 

Mrs. Samuel Hufty. 

Lieutenant E. H. Green, Secretary. 

Mrs. E. H. Green. 

Mr. Lewis Green. 

Mrs. Lewis Green. 

Mrs. Chas. E. Pancoast, Assistant Matron of Honor. 

Mrs. Welles Green, Aide to Matron of Honor. 

Miss Augusta S. Drake, Aide to Matron of Honor. 

Mr. Theo. S. Dibble, Stenographer to Commission. 

Mr. Andrew Lyons, Constructor of Monument. 

Mr. D. V. Summerill. 



107 



io8 



Press Representatives. 

Mr. Charles R. Bacon, Philadelphia Record. 

Mrs. Charles R. Bacon. 

Mr. George A. Frey, Camden Courier. 

Mr. Jno. H. P. Keat, Associated Press. 

Mr. Upton C. Jefferys, Camden Post Telegram. 



Survivors of the Ninth Regiment. 



Name. 



William P. Amerman, 

Corporal Henry Beauman, 

Sergeant David D. Burch, 

Lieut. R. J. Berdon, 

Hiram D. Beckett, 

Cap't W. B. S. Boudinot, 

Lieut. J. C. Bowker, 

Alex. H. Berry, 

C. E. Blackwell, 

Adjutant Fred. G. Coyte, 

Daniel Cosgrove, 

Corporal Wm. W. Clark, 

Captain Heary F. Chew, 

James V. Clark, 

Sergeant Allen Clark, 

William H. Craft, 

Joseph Cline, 

Lieut. J. Madison Drake, 

Sergeant Robert Dickey, 

Walter J. Dey, 

Fuller B. Errickson, 

Sergeant Edward H. Eastlack, 

Frederick Felzer. 

Runyon Giles, 

John Gordon, 

Lieut. Chas. W. Grover, 

Sergeant Chas. P. Goodwin, 

Robert Gerth, 

Sam'l W. Hankins, 

David C. Hankins, 

Captain B. W. Hopper, 



Company. Address. 

E Hackensack, N. J. 

G Elizabeth, N. J. 

C Cape May Court House, N. J 

C Paterson, N. J. 

I Clayton, N. J. 

Paterson, N. J. 

D Bridgeton, NJ. 

H Phillipsburg, N. J. 

F Newark, N. J. 

E Englewood, N. J. 

B Rio Grande, N. J. 

H Riegelsville, Pa. 

I Camden, N. J. 

I Cape May City, N. J. 

C Camden, N. J. 

F Repaupo, N. J. 

C Camden, N. J. 

D Elizabeth, N. J. 

G New York City. 

B New Brunswick, N. J. 

D New Egypt, N. J. 

C Swedesboro, N. J. 

B New Brunswick, N. J. 

E Wharton, N. J. 

A New Brunswick, N. J. 

I Philadelphia, Pa. 

K Newark, N. J. 

D Freehold, N. J. 

D New Egypt, N. J. 

E Newark, N. J. 



log 



Name Company. 

Job. Heritage, C 

Asa K. Harbert, I 

Richard Heritage, C 

John H. Harvey, I 

Lieut. Frederick Hobart, G 

Lieut. Jacob L. Hawk, H 

Barton Higgins, F 
John W. Hilyard, 

A. G. Houck. 

Lieut. Henry Hopper, 
E. W. Hand, 
John R. Jurgens, 
William Koenig, 

B. Kastner. 

Patrick Lynch, E 

Sam'l M. Layman, I 

Sergeant Edw. D. Mattson, I 

Edmund L. Matlack, I 

Corporal Lewis I. Mickel, I 

Sergeant Wm. M. Morrison, C 

S. R. Mills, F 

Isaac Messeroll, A 

Corporal Jas. B. Mitchell, I 
Jos. Norton, H&K 

James Neal, D 

Francis Owens, B 

Charles Petty, A 

Sergeant Chas. M. Preston, F 

Redin N. Penn, D 

James M. Pettit, D 

George W. Rolfe, A 

Corporal Benj. A. Rogers, D 

Phineas Randolph, K 

Sergeant Symmes H. Stillwell, A 

Corporal Frederick Scholl, A 

Sergeant David J. Senior, E 

William W. Stagg, C 

Alexander Sergeant, F 

Corporal Jno. F. Sutphin, H 

Bergen Silcox, B 

Charles E. Tilton, D 

E. C. Tuttle. E 



Address. 

Millville, N. J. 
Bridgeton, N. J. 
Wilmington, Del. 
Salem, N. J. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Kearney, N. J. 
Flemington, N. J. 
I Deerfield, N. J. 

C Newark, N. J. 

C Cape May City, N. J. 

B Jersey City, N. J. 

H Newark, N. J. 



Newark, N. J. 
Penn's Grove, N. J. 
Camden, N. J. 
Bridgeton, N. J. 
Cam^en, N. J. 
Woodstown, N. J. 
Greenwich, N. J. 
New Brunswick, N. J. 
Lin wood, N. J. 
Newt own, Pa. 
Bridgeton, N. J. 
Kearney, N. J. 
North Branch Sta'n, N. J. 
South Seaville, N. J. 
Lanoka, N. J. 
Tom's River, N. J. 
New Brunswick, N. J. 
Lanoka, N. J. 
Trenton, N. J. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Newark, N. J. 
Paterson, N. J. 
Paterson, N. J. 
Plainfield, N. J. 
Three Bridges, N. J. 
Kearney, N. J. 
Tom's River, N. J. 
Sussex, N. J. 



no 



Name. 

Jos. Thompson, 

Lieut. W. Van Brunt, 

James Vanbuskirk, 

Jacob Viet, 

W. W. H. Warman, 

Sergeant Collins B. Wier, 

Sergeant Robt. S. Williams, 

Geo. V. H. Weaver, 

Jerome W. Wooley, 

Thomas J. Wood, 

R. L. Wood, 

Valentine Young, 

Benjamin Yeager, 

Lieut. William Zimmerman, 



E 
K 
F 
K 
C 
E. 



A. 



Address. 

Pennington, N. J. 
Hightstown, N. J. 
Bayonne, N. J. 



Company. 

F 
C 
B 

F. 

H Washington, D. C. 

Morristown, N. J. 

Washington, D. C. 

Somerville, N. J. 

Lewisburg, O. 

Bordentown, N. J. 



Newark, N. J. 
Elizabeth, N. J. 



Mr. Wm. E. Townley, Treasurer Ninth N. J. Veteran Association. 
Mr. Fred. B. Appleget, son of late Major Thos. B. Appleget. 
Mr. Frank B. Heckman, son of late General Charles A. Heckman. 

Ladies Accompanying Survivors. 
Mrs. Frederick Scholl, Mrs. James Neal, Miss Mitchell. 

Mr. Wilbur W. Worlock, Author of poem "New Jersey's Veteran Dead," 
read at unveiling exercises. 



LIST OF NEW JERSEY SOLDIERS BURIED IN NATIONAL CEMETERY AT 

NEW BERNE, N. C. 



Name. 

Armstein, W. E. 
Ashton, Edward G., 
Adkinson, John A., 
Bader, Jno., 
Brown, Charles, 
Blizzard, Franklin, 
Brown, Samuel, 
Blake, S. S., 
Blackwell, I. V., 
Boyle, Michael, 



Company. 

D 
C 
A 
I 
F 
H 
F 
F 
F 



Date of Death. 

September i5th, 1863 

July icth, 1863 

May 1 6th, 1862 

November 28th, 1862 

April loth, 1862 

February gth, 1862 



March 



i4th, 1862 



Ill 



Name. 

Creamer, N. R., 

Cramner, Ezra, 

Cummerford, Patrick, 

Chewitz, Axel, 

Craig, John, 

Dreher, August, 

Disbrow, Fred., 

Dugan, Thomas, 

Delaney, F., 

De Forrest, Amade, 

Depew, Levi, (Corporal) 

M. D. 

Eckel, John, (or Sickel) 

Echert, K., 

Fergus, William, 

Hepburn, M., 

Hageman, I. A., 

Hartline, Wm. G., 

Hall, Robert M., 

Housell, W. H., 

A. J. 

Kennedy, John, 

Miller, William, 

Martin, T. F., 

Myers, Thomas, 

Moore, Martin, 

Miller, William, 

Merzy, John, 

Meis, Albert, 

McCready, David, 

Nast, Nathaniel 

Nelson, H. R., 

Osborne, Samuel, 

Phillips, Milford B., 

Perrine, Alfred, 

Perrine, Spafford, 

Phillips, William H., 

Richman, J., 

Roe, Edward, 

Short, Edward, (or Shortell) 

Steelman, Jno. B., 

Soper, Chas. D., 



Company. 


Date of Death. 


D 


August 5th, 1863 


D 


April 1 8th, 1862 


G 


January 3rd, 1863 


C 


June 3rd, 1863 


F 


August 24th, 1864 


A 


August 1 8th, 1863 


B 


March i8th, 1862 


A 


April 3oth, 1865 


D 


April 2 Qth, 1862 


H 


February 25th, 1862 


K 


March i4th, 1862 




March i2th, 1863 


E 


February 27th, 1862 


I 


September i3th, 1863 


H 


February, 1862 


I 


August 3rd, 1864 


H 


April i yth, 1865 


I 


February 3rd, 1863 


F 


November ist, 1864 


F 





F 

C 
C 
B 
A 
L 
A 
F 
H 
F 
D 
B 
M 
M 
D 
F 
B 
A 
B 
B 



August 

February 

May 

February 

April 

March 

October 

March 

July . 

October 

May 

June 

October 

April 

May 

February 

March 

March 
August 



8th, 1863 
1862 

3rd, 1862 

26th, 1862 

22nd, 1862 

ipth, 1862 

i3th, 1862 

i 6th, 1862 

i7th, 1862 

i2th, 1864 

3rd, 1842 

8th, 1862 

i 7th, 1864 

loth, 1862 

23rd, 1862 

i6th, 1863 

1 4th, 1862 

i8th, 1862 

i 9th, 1863 



112 



Name. Company. Date of Death. 

Shults, W., L May 3 rd, 1862 

Segraves, Reuben, I October ist, 1862 

Speerman, A., D April loth, 1862 

Vancullin, Aaron, August 2 2nd, 1863 

Watson, J., B April 

Warner, Joseph, H April 5th, 1862 

Welcher, John, G January 4 th, 1863 

Unknown, 8. 



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