(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Report on the Communist "peace" offensive; a campaign to disarm and defeat the United States"

^ 



0\/.'/[ lg^-/&i 



nA-9 0\?)'b^,vV'^\a \ 



^^,x 



m 






*- 




,^^ 



Given By 

ANQNYMniKS 



\ 



s-v^ 



REPORT ON 



THE COMMUNIST 'PEACE 
OFFENSIVE 

A Campaign To Disarm and Defeat the 
United States 




APRIL 1, 1951 



/ 



(■)•' 



Prepared and released by the 



Committee on Un-American Activities, U. S. House of Representatives 
Washington, D. C 



^OSTO}^ 




7 



"^^dh 






Committee on Un-American Activities, United States House of 
Representatives 

eighty-second congress, first session 



John S. Wood, Georgia, Chairman 

Francis E. Walter, Pennsylvania 
Morgan M. Moulder, Missouri 
Clyde Doyle, California 
James B. Frazier, Jr., Tennessee 
Harold H. Velde, Illinois 
Bernard W. Kearney, New York 
Donald L. Jackson, California 
Charles E. Potter, Michigan 



Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., Counsel 

Louis J. Russell, Senior Investigator 

John W. Carrington, Clerk of Committee 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Communist "Peace" Offensive 

International Communist "Peace" Movement: Paee 

Controlling Strategy 1 

Cominform Sets the Stage 4 

World Congress of Intellectuals 8 

Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace, March 25-27, 

1949 11 

World Congress of Partisans of Peace (First World Peace Congress) 

April 1949 16 

Americans Sponsoring Committee for World Peace Congress 17 

American Continental Congress for Peace, September 5-10, 1949 21 

Red "Peace" Delegations 24 

Stockholm Conference, March 16-19, 1950 29 

Speakers at Stockholm 29 

Americans at Stockholm 31 

Signature Campaign 31 

Second World Peace Congress, November 1950 36 

The Communists' "Peace" Campaign Within the United States 39 

Petition Campaign in U. S. A 40 

Peace Information Center 42 

William Edward Burghardt DuBois 43 

Abbott Simon 46 

American Comments on Signature Campaign 1 47 

Use of Front Organizations 51 

American Peace Crusade 51 

Maryland Committee for Peace 54 

Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact 54 

Mid-Century Conference for Peace 58 

Exploitation of Religion in the "Peace" Campaign 61 

National Labor Conference for Peace 64 

Marcel Scherer 69 

"Peace" Riot 70 

The "Peace" Campaign Directed at Women's Groups 71 

The "Peace" Campaign Strategy for Youth and Students 77 

Association of Internes and Medical Students 79 

Prague Congress 79 

Labor Youth League 80 

Leon Wofsy 81 

Subversion of Scientists Through the "Peace" Movement 82 

Linus Carl Pauling 85 

Philip D. Morrison 87 

Johannes Steel 90 

Role of the Moscow Radio in the "Peace" Campaign 95 

Appendixes: 

I. Articles Dealing with the World Peace Congress Appearing in "For 

a Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy" 99 

II. Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace, held in New 
York City, March 25, 26, and 27, 1949, Communist AflSliations of 

Sponsors 104 

III. Americans Sponsoring the World Peace Congress held in Paris, 

April 1949 110 

IV. Members of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress- 112 
V. Call to the American Continental Congress for Peace, Mexico City, 

September 5-10, 1949 116 

HI 



IV TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Appendixes — Continued Page 

VI. American Sponsoring Committee for Representation at the Second 

World Peace Congress 118 

VII. "World Peace Appeal" adopted by the Permanent International 
Committee, World Peace Congress, United States Youth Spon- 
soring Committee 119 

VIII. Plan of Work of National Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A., 

July 15 to Labor Day, 1950 120 

IX. List of Sponsors, by States, of Stockholm Appeal 124 

X. American Peace Crusade, various documents, etc 135 

XI. List of Sponsors of Maryland Committee for Peace 142 

XII. Call to Mid-Century Conference for Peace, May 29, 30, 1950, Ini- 
tiating Sponsors 143 

XIII. Labor Wants Peace Talks not a Pact for War — a Statement on the 

North Atlantic Pact together with signers. __ 152 

XIV. Call to a National Labor Conference for Peace, Chicago, 111., October 

1 and 2, 1949 — Arrangements Committee and Sponsors 157 

XV. Conference for Peace Called by Ohio Unionists 163 

XVI. World Peace Council — Members elected at Second World Peace 

Congress 164 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Page 
Figure 1: American delegates, arm in arm with Alexander Fadeev, Soviet 
whip of the World Peace Congress. Left to right: Unidentified woman, 
Rockwell Kent, Albert Kahn, Mr. Fadeev, and Johannes Steel. (In De- 
fense of Peace, April 1950, p. 51) 29 

Figure 2: Cartoon urging sit-down strikes against munition shipments for 
troops fighting the Communists. In (Defense of Peace, official organ, 

World Peace Congress, January 1950, p. 43) 30 

Figure 3: World Peace Appeal, petition blank, issued by the Campaign 

Committee for the World Peace Appeal 33 

Figure 4: This photograph shows the thumbprint signatures of citizens of 
French Equatorial Africa who endorsed the World Peace Appeal. These 
fingerprint signatures are those of men and women who never had the 
chance to learn to write. Thus, they could not be expected to read the 

petition ( Dailv Worker, August 24, 1 950, p. 4) 35 

Figure 5: The Worker, June 11, 1950, p. 1 Facing 40 

Figure 6: Mid-Century Conference for Peace, 30 North Dearborn Street, 

Chicago 2, 111., Conference Program 144 

V 



President Truman, in a radio address to the Nation on September 1, 
1950: 

The Soviet Union has repeatedly violated its pledges of international coopera- 
tion. It has destroyed the independence of its neighbors. It has sought to 
disrupt those countries it could not dominate. It has built up tremendous 
armed forces far beyond the needs of its own defense. 

Communist imperialism preaches peace but practices aggression. 



John Foster Dulles, Republican adviser to the State Department, 
in testimony before a Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee, July 
5, 1950: 

* * * it is my opinion that the leaders of communism are, before ventur- 
ing an open war, trying to create a public opinion of the world to believe that they 
are the nations that stand for peace and that we are the Nation that stands for 
war, and they have made very good progress in doing that * * * 

They know that everybody wants peace, and if they can pose as the lovers of 
peace, then, perhaps they can risk war. 



Note. — The names of persons mentioned in this report as being connected 
with the organizations which are herein discussed were talien from actual docu- 
ments of these organizations and the public press. 

It has come to the attention of the committee that some of the persons who 
are so described in either the text or the appendix withdrew their support and/or 
affiliation with these organizations when the Communist character of these 
organizations was discovered. There may also be persons whose names were 
used as sponsors or affiliates of these organizations without permission or knowl- 
edge of the individuals involved. 

The committee, having no desire to charge any innocent person with having 
Communist affiliations, will therefore publish the names of any individual who 
has so withdrawn from these organizations or whose name was used by these 
organizations without permission or knowledge in a future report if such person 
will communicate with the committee, giving the circumstances in his particular 
case. 



COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

The most dangerous hoax ever devised b}^ the international Com- 
munist consphacy is the current world-wide "peace" offensive. 

It has received the official endorsement of the Supreme Soviet of 
the U. S. S. R. The Information Bureau of the Communist and 
Workers Parties (Cominform), successor to the Communist Interna- 
tional, has given this campaign top priority. It has been designated 
as the major effort of every Communist Party on the face of the globe, 
including the Communist Party of the United States. 

Communists and their coconspirators are spearheading this move- 
ment in cities and communities throughout the United States — at 
meetings, on street corners, in shops, homes, schools and colleges, in 
the press and on the radio — in fact, in every walk of life. Unless it is 
completely exposed, many may be deceived and ensnared. 

The Communist "peace" movement assumes different forms at 
various times and places. This is calculated to disguise its Communist 
origin and to evade legal prosecution. Thus, we find the movement 
appearing as the World Congress of Intellectuals, the International 
Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace, the World Peace 
Congress or the World Congress of Partisans of Peace, and American 
Continental Congress for Peace, all with identical slogans and 
propaganda, and espoused by the same group with slight variations. 

The same system has characterized the movement within the 
United States. Here the "peace" movement has paraded at various 
times as the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace, 
Campaign Committee for the World Peace Appeal, Committee for 
Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact, and its Mid-Century 
Conference for Peace, the Peace Information Center, the National 
Labor Conference for Peace, and a multitude of other names in various 
localities and among various special pi-ofessional, religious, racial, 
women's and youth groups. 

THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST "PEACE" MOVEMENT 

Controlling Strategy 

What do the master conspirators in the Kremlin hope to achieve 
as a result of the "peace" offensive to which they are applying so much 
of their resources and energies on an international scale? 

As World War II was drawing to a close, the democratic nations 
hoped that the Soviet Union would become part of a law-abiding world, 
from which wars would be forever banished. But Joseph Stalin had 
other views. His doctrine was that it was "inconceivable" that the 
Soviet Union could continue for a long period side by side with non- 
Communist states. He was convinced that: "Ultimately one or the 
other must conquer." 

By and large, the American people are always willing to live and let 
live. They have long felt that, if the Russians were willing to tolerate 



2 THE COMMUlNnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE, 

Communist dictatorship as a form of government, we should adopt a 
hands-off poUcy and let the Russian people work out their own destiny. 
No such attitude of tolerance toward the United States and its form 
of government characterizes the Russian rulers. The history of the 
past 5 years has demonstrated that Stalin has firmly adhered to a con- 
cept which is explicitly stated in Stalin's 1933 edition of Leninism: 

The victory of socialism in one country is not an end in itself; it must be looked 
upon as a support, as a means for hastening the proletarian victory in every other 
land. For the victory of the revolution in one country (in Russia, for the nonce) 
* * * is likewise the beginning and the continuation of the world revolution. 

In other words, the Communist juggernaut, not content with having 
trampled Russia and numerous satellite countries under its heel^ 
envisages nothing less than world conquest. 

For a time this basic Communist goal was held in abeyance. It was 
sidetracked from 1934 to 1939 when Russia feared Hitler's rising power 
and endeavored to establish a united front with the democracies against 
the Fascist aggressor. It was resumed during the fateful period of the 
Stalin-Hitler pact. But once again it was placed in cold storage after 
Hitler's attack on Russia on June 22, 1941. With the close of World 
War II, however, the Communists returned to their original and funda- 
mental position of aggression, as subsequent events have amply 
demonstrated. We are in the midst of a Communist drive for world 
conquest, of which the present "peace" offensive is an organic and 
strategic part. It is necessary for the American people to under- 
stand what is behind this global psychological onslaught and guard 
against it. 

Just as France developed illusions about the impregnability of the 
Maginot line prior to World War II, only to succumb later to Hitler's 
iron legions, so some Americans conceive of our security as based only 
upon a spectacular weapon like the atom bomb or the H-bomb. They 
fail to realize the destructive and disintegrating effects of psychological 
warfare, which may be less spectacular but equally effective. 

The Communist leaders are fully aware that propagandists, within 
or without the United States, have easy access to the American public. 
There is one radio for every two persons in the United States, and the 
United States maintains radio freedom both as to broadcasting and 
the listener's choice of program. The American press is also free. 
Thus, an American may read or listen to whatever he pleases. 

The Communists exploit our freedom with their psychological 
warfare, which finds expression in the present "peace" offensive. The 
current Communist "peace" offensive has certain specific immediate 
aims, which, if realized, can prove of inestimable value to the Soviet 
war machine. 

In the first place, the Communist military machine has boldly 
seized upon the word "peace" in an effort to secure moral sanction for 
its own aggressive designs. To achieve this, Communists must at 
the same time portray its victims and mtended victims as being ruled 
by imperialist warmongers and "war criminals." It is a case of the 
pickpocket crying "Stop, thief!" 

Communists want to sap American morale and secure converts to 
treason. Soviet strategy aims to take full advantage of the fact that 
there are many well-meaning Americans who, in their deep detestation 
of war, may be misled by Communist declarations of peace and 
friendship. In their failure to understand the nature of a Communist 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 3 

dictatorship, these persons fail to reaHze that an aggressive war 
machine, such as Russia has, looks upon a nation's good will as a 
symptom of weakness and as an encouragement toward further 
aggression. 

Knowing that democracies such as the United States are responsive 
to public opinion, the Communist "peace" drive is also calculated to 
develop a feeling of false security among us so that the Red military 
machine can strike whenever and wherever it pleases. 

The Communists fear our superiority in the field of atomic weapons. 
By appealing for the destruction of al] atomic bombs (while maintain- 
ing their own in guarded secrecy), the Red leaders hope to reduce our 
defenses by depriving our forces of this military weapon. 

A major part of the Communist "peace" offensive is directed toward 
those working in strategic positions affecting the production and trans- 
port of military material. In this connection, special efforts are being 
made to reach scientific personnel and labor unions in key industries 
in order to bring about espionage as well as strikes and acts of sabotage 
which will cripple production. 

It is readily realizable that if these eft'orts are successful a disastrous 
blow to our national defense will be struck. 

A short cut to understanding the methods and aims of the Com- 
munist "peace" offensive may be found in a little-known German 
work. Propaganda Als Waffe (Propaganda as a Weapon), by Willi 
Muenzenberg, former European propaganda expert for the Communist 
International. He wrote a description of the Fascist propaganda of 
Adolph Hitler, but the description snugly fits Stalin's latest "peace" 
offensive. Muenzenberg said of Hitler's propaganda: 

According to an ancient recipe, the slogan is repeated over and over again until 
it is presumed that the "mock" truth has penetrated into people's consciousness 
sufficiently so as to make it appear acceptable as the real truth * * * 

Concepts are falsified, their meaning distorted into the opposite. * * * 
Thus dictatorship was converted into "purified democracy," and violation of 
political rights became "Liberty" * * *_ 

* * * 4: * * * 

The louder the Hitler propaganda machine talks about peace, the more positive 
it is in avowing its friendhness, the surer we may be that it is planning and will 
carry into effect new surprises. While talking about peace, it plots new attacks 
against the peace of Europe * * *_ 

* * * Thg German General Staff published the following strategic concep- 
tion for the defeat of all their enemies: "At the time of Frederick the Great, the 
slogan, 'God is with the strongest battahons,' was the only valid one." Today, 
in times of psychological warfare, we may add: "And with those who can tell the 
most lies." * * * 

* * * By lulling the enemy to sleep with pacifist phrases, he tries to induce 
him to neglect his preparations for war. This sleep-inducing hocus-pocus with 
which he tricks his enemy is well suited to covering up his own war preparations. 

It is clear that the present Soviet "peace" offensive is identical in 
character and aims with a similar offensive conducted by Adolph 
Hitler prior to and during World War II. 



COMINFORM SETS THE STAGE 

In September 1947, the representatives of nine European Com- 
munist and Workers (Communist) Parties, of Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, 
Kumania, Hungary, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Italy, and the 
Soviet Union, met at an undisclosed location in Poland to establish 
the Information Bureau of the Communist Parties, known as the 
Cominform. This organization is the modern version of the Com- 
munist International, allegedly interred in 1943. 

As is customary in sucli international Communist gatherings, the 
main report was presented by A. Zhdanov, speaking for the dominant 
delegation representing the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. 
He laid the groundwork for the current "peace" offensive when he 
presented the warlike formula that the "international arena" was 
divided "into two major camps" — "the imperialist and antidemo- 
cratic camp, on the one hand, and the anti-imperialist and democratic 
camp, on the other." Zhdanov, as expected, identified "the principal 
driving force of the imperialist camp" as the U. S. A. "allied with 
* * * Great Britain and France." He said, "The anti-Fascist 
forces comprise the second camp. This camp is based on the U. S. S. R. 
and the ncAv democracies." 

The significance and authority of the Cominform was immediately 
acknowledged by William Z. Foster, national chairman of the Com- 
munist Party, U. S. A. In his pamphlet. The Meaning of the Nine- 
Party Conference, he summarized Cominform decisions as follows for 
the members of his party: 

The simple reality is that the nine-party Communist conference, and the 
Information Bureau which it set up, have as their purpose to put the peoples of 
Europe on guard against the attempt of Wall Street imperialism to conquer and 
enslave them. * * * n^he nine Communist Parties, in their joint conference, 
were also correct in warning their nations and all humanity of the Fascist danger 
involved in the offensive of Wall Street imperialism against the peoples of Europe 
and the rest of the world. * * * xhe statement of the nine Communist 
Parties also does a major service in awakening the peoples of Europe and the 
world to the growing danger of a new world war, as a consequence of the ruthless 
expansionist drive of American big business. 

The sequel to the Cominform conference was an open letter signed 
in the autumn of 1947 by 12 Soviet publicists (Alexander Fadeyev, 
Constantine Fedin, Boris Gorbatov, Valentin Katayev, Alexander 
Korneichuk, Leonid Leonov, Nikolai Pogodin, Mikhail Sholokhov, 
Constantine Simonov, Alexander Tvardovsky, Vsevolod Vishnevsky, 
and Wanda Wasilewska). It was addressed to "Writers and men of 
culture in the United States of America!" Intended as the opening 
gun in the "Peace" campaign, it was calculated to corrupt and sow 
disaffection among cultural leaders in the United States. Of course, 
the letter made no mention of the series of ruthless purges among 
intellectuals in the Soviet Union, nor of Soviet acts of aggression. 
Pubhshed in No. 7 of Soviet Literature, 1948, it read in part as 
follows: 

The ideas of fascism * * * have of late been constantly finding champions 
and proponents among prominent statesmen, diplomats, military men, industrial- 
ists, journalists, and even scientists in your country. * * * 

4 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 5 

Men of letters, men of art and culture are people whose lips are not to be sealed 
so easily by police truncheons, by gags, or banknotes. The peoples of the world 
want to hear their voices from the pages of newspapers, magazines, and books, 
from the boards of theaters, from canvases and screens. * * * 

* * * we call upon you, masters of American culture, to raise your voice 
against the new threat of fascism, against the instigators of war * * * _ 

This appeal evoked a ready response from Soviet sympathizers in 
the United States, whose statement of reply was published in Masses 
and Mainstream for May 1948, a monthly Communist magazine, 
and also in the above-mentioned issue of Soviet Literature. In this 
statement, American capitalists were charged with seeking to "plant 
the dragon's teeth of our bayonets in every land." 

The statement bore the signatures of the following members of the 
Communist Party, U. S. A.: James S. Allen, Herbert Aptheker, Alvah 
Bessie, Richard O. Boyer, Howard Fast, Ben Field, Barbara Giles, 
V. J. Jerome, Meridel LeSuein-, A. B. Magil, Joseph North, Isidor 
Schneider, Howard Selsam, Samuel Sillen, and Doxey Wilkerson. 

After this preliminary spadework, a World Congress of Intellectuals 
was held under Communist direction in Communist-controlled Poland 
on August 25 to 28, 1948, which annoimced the establishment of the 
International Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace. This 
congress is described in more detail in a subsequent section of this 
report. 

For a Lasting Peace, For a People's Democracy, for September 15, 

1948, official organ of the Information Bureau of the Communist and 
Workers Parties, greeted the World Congress of Intellectuals as afford- 
ing "proof of the great progress made by the intelle'ctuals after World 
War II." The conference was hailed as demonstrating "the strivings 
of the intellectuals to unite in the'struggle for peace." The Cominform 
approved of the fact that the conference called upon "all professional 
workers in all lands to organize congresses and set up committees for 
defense of peace." The Cominform organ then emphasized that 
"The Congress decisions confront the Comminiist Parties and espe- 
cially the^Communist intellectuals with the important and honorable 
task of being in the forefront — in bringing together and organizing 
the intellectuals of their countries for the defense of peace and culture." 

Wliile the second Cominform congress held in Rumania in June 
1948 was primarily concerned with the defection of Marshal Tito of 
Yugoslavia, the third Cominform congress held at the end of November 

1949, at an undisclosed location in Hungary, concentrated on the 
problem of consolidating and expanding the "peace movement." 
Again the lead was given by the Communist Party of the Soviet 
Union through an official spokesman, M. Suslov. In considerable 
detail, he outlined the progress of the movement, indicating how 
closely Moscow follows its development: 

The strength and power of the peace movement lies further in the fact that it 
has assumed an organized character. The champions of peace increasingly 
consolidate and organize themselves on a local, national, and international scale. 
******* 

Of great significance in unfolding the movement of the fighters for peace was 
the Wroclaw Congress of Cultural Workers in Defense of Peace, the World 
Congress of the Democratic Women's Federation held in Budapest (autumn 1948), 
and particularly the World Peace Congress, held in Paris and Prague on April 
20-25, which represented 600,000,000 organized fighters for peace. 

The movement for the defense of peace constantly extends and consolidates. 
The Second World Trade Union Congress, held in Milan early in July, approved 



6 THE COMMUlSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE, 

the manifesto issued by the Paris Congress and drew up a concrete program of 
action for the 72,000,000 trade-unionists organized in the World Federation of 
Trade Unions. 

National peace congresses were held in a number of countries. The wave of 
strikes, popular demonstrations and meetings of protest against the ratification 
of the North Atlantic agreement swept the whole of Western Europe. 

In many countries, national committees in defense of peace were formed, and 
the organization of peace coinmittees in towns, factories, and offices began. 

The movement of the fighters for peace also gains ground in the United States 
of America and Great Britain. 

It must be realized that while ostensibly the Cominform consisted of 
nine Communist and Workers Parties of Europe, it served in fact as a 
convenient vehicle whereby the Communist Party of the Soviet 
Union could lay down the line for all Communist Parties throughout 
the world and carry with it a semblance of approval from affiliated 
parties. It must also be remembered that the pattern of control 
over the Cominform remains the same as that which applied to its 
predecessor, the Communist International. The latter was described 
by Walter G. Krivitsky, former Chief of Soviet Military Intelligence, 
in testimony before the Special Committee on Un-American Activities 
on October 11, 1939, as follows: 

The Communist International is not an organization of autonomous parties. 
The Communist Parties are nothing more than the branch offices of the Russian 
Communist Party. The Communist International that operates in Moscow is 
nothing more than an administrative body which transmits the decrees reached 
by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of 
Soviet Russia. 

Thus, Soviet Delegate Suslov spoke with supreme authority when 
he specified the duties of the various Communist Parties in connection 
with the "peace" campaign. He declared at the 1949 Cominform 
meeting: 

Particular attention should be devoted to drawing into the peace movement 
trade-unions, women's, youth, cooperative, sport, cultural, education, religious, 
and other organizations, and also scientists, writers, journalists, cultural workers, 
parliamentary, and other political and public leaders. * * * 

Suslov outlined specific tactics to be employed. He demanded that 
the Communist and Workers Parties direct peace campaigns within 
*WZ mass public associations." In other words, non-Communist 
organizations were to be subverted to serve Communist ends. Suslov 
told the Communists to spread the Soviet peace propaganda by way 
of "mass demonstrations, meetings, rallies, drawing up of petitions and 
protests, questionnau-es, formation of peace committees in towns and 
in the countryside." He said, "It is necessary to proceed from the 
concrete conditions in each country, skillfully combining various 
forms and methods of the movement with the general tasks." We 
shall describe how assiduously these directives were followed in the 
United States in a later section of this report. 

Suslov claimed that the Soviet-inspired "peace" movement by 
November 1949 had won over "hundreds of millions" of people. He 
referred to these persons as "partisans of peace." 

It should be noted that the term "partisans of peace" was first 
injected into the Communist peace movement in April 1949 when a 
Soviet-guided world peace congress was held in Paris under the formal 
title "World Congress of Partisans of Peace." 

This is not an accidental term but one of ominous significance. It 
should be recalled in this connection that during World War II the 



THE COMMtTNTIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 7 

Communists controlled large groups of partisans in Yugoslavia, Greece, 
France, Italy, and elsewhere who carried on an active campaign of 
sabotage behind the enemy lines under instructions similar to the 
following: 

Make every effort to have the tanks, airplanes, and armoured cars produced 
by you soon go out of commission! See to it that the mines and shells do not 
explode! Disorganize railroads! Dislocate the transportation systems. * * * 
Disorganize traffic, blow up bridges. * * * Sabotage the production of guns, 
tanks, ammunition; call strikes! Blow up * * * ammunition dumps and 
storehouses! Disorganize their military shipments! (Manifesto to all Slavs issued 
by the Second All-Slavonic Congress held in Moscow, April 4-5, 1942.) 

The "peace" meetings held in Rome on October 28-31, 1949, and 
in Stocldiolm, March 16-19, 1950, were under the auspices of the 
Permanent Committee of the World Congress of Partisans of Peace. 
In other words, the Communists have made it plain that their "peace" 
campaign is not just a propaganda mechanism. They mean business 
in terms of sabotage, violence, and civil war. 

We have culled from the pages of For a Lasting Peace, For a 
People's Democracy, official Cominform organ, a list of the articles 
describing the progress of the peace movement throughout the world. 
They are listed in appendix I to this report. It should be noted 
that this publication is required reading for every member of the 
Communist Party, U. S. A., and that these articles were published 
as a guide for their activities. The articles indicate the world-wide 
scope of the movement and show how each constituent national 
organization is called upon to report its activities to the headquarters 
of the Cominform. It should also be noted that the United States 
was mcluded among this number. 



WORLD CONGRESS OF INTELLECTUALS 

With the Comiiiform as a pace setter, a World Congress of Intel- 
lectuals was held at Wroclaw (Breslan), Poland, August 25 to 28, 
1948. One of the delegates to the Wroclaw meeting was Bryn J. 
Hovde, head of the New School for Social Research. He described 
his experiences at the congress as follows, giving an illuminating pic- 
ture of its tenor and purposes: 

Every speech insulting the United States and glorifying the Soviets was wildly 
applauded. * * * After the first speech by the Soviet novelist, Fadiejew, a 
speech which for vituperation was never excelled and which set the tone for the 
Congress. * * * j wound up with a strong statement of democracy as the 
only basis for peace. No speaker at the Congress got a colder reception. * * * 
Speaking was like throwing flat stones on an icy lake. 

Referring again to the speech of Fadayev, Air. Hovde declared: 

If this speech had been made by a responsible member of government, it would 
be the kind used to justify a premeditated military attack. 

Dr. Julian Huxley, director general of UNESCO, who attended the 
Wroclaw meeting, summed up his impression of the proceedings as 
follows: 

The Congress from the outset took a political turn; there was no real discussion 
and the great majority of speeches were either strictly Marxist analyses of current 
trends, or else polemical attack on American or western policy and culture. 

The aforementioned Alexander Fadayev is the general secretary 
of the Union of Soviet Writers. He owes his elevation to this post 
in 1946 to his role of official axman for the Central Committee of the 
Communist Party of the Soviet Union, w^hich on August 14 of that 
year attacked all representatives of culture from humor to science 
wiio could be suspected of any friendliness toward the West. 

His fury against American writers, who ply their craft freel}^ and 
independent!}^ beyond the confines of the Soviet dictatorship, fur- 
nishes a strange contrast with his servility toward the Communist 
Party leaders. 

"German Fascists needed beasts * * *," Fadayev stated at the 
Wroclaw congress. 

American monopolists find beasts indispensable for the realization of their plans 
for world domination. Reactionary writers, scientists, philosophers, and artists 
are ready to serve their masters. They place on a pedestal schizophrenics and 
drug addicts, sadists and pimps, provocateurs and monsters, spies and gangsters. 
These beast-like creatures fill the pages of novels, volumes of poetry, casts of 
moving pictures. 

He compared them to "jackals" who "learned to use the typewriter" 
and "hyenas" who "mastered the fountain pen." 

Referring to the United States, whose air of freedom he was recently 
permitted to enjoy, Fadayev declared: 

The imperialists of that country, whose facade by the irony of fate is adorned 
by the Statue of Liberty, have taken upon themselves in great haste the role of 
conspirators and organizers of a new war. 



THE COMMUNTIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 9 

Fadayev chose to ignore Soviet-Communist imperialist aggression 
in Poland, Rumania, Hungary, Albania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, 
Lithuania, Latvia, Esthonia, Korea, and China, the ruthless violation 
of treaties and the vanguard activities of its fifth column in other 
countries, including the United States. Despite the fact that the 
United States has appropriated for itself not one foot of foreign soil 
as a result of World War II, Mr. Fadayev continued: 

After the Second World War, the entire world was divided into two camps: 
the democratic, antifascist, anti-imperialist cami^ led by the Soviet Union, and 
the antidemocratic, reactionary, imperialist camp led by the ruling circles of the 
United States of America. 

This man who was responsible for the purging of countless Soviet 
writers, now either in prison camps or in their graves, went on to de- 
scribe a "cold terror" confronted by the "American intelligentsia," 
declaring that "a writer who writes anything dissenting from the 
official policy of the Government of the United States is also threat- 
ened with 10 years in prison." He denounced "this rude violence" 
as a "mad effort to impose fascism on America by legal means." 

Soviet delegates who played a prominent part in tlie congress were 
Ilya Ehrenburg, Samod Vurgun, David Zaslavsky, O. Pisarzhevsky, 
L. Leonov, Eugene Tarle, Mirzo Tursun-Zadeh, Mikhail Sholokhov, 
Mr. Kharlamov, and others. 

Among the Americans who attended the meeting at Wroclaw were: 
Howard Fast, writer; Harlow Shapley, astronomer; Saul Carson, 
writer; Norman Corwin, writer; Jo Davidson, sculptor; Clifford Durr, 
attorney; William Gropper, artist; Albert E. Kahn, coauthor of The 
Great Conspii-acy — the Secret War Against Soviet Russia; Freda 
Kirchwey, magazine publisher; O. John Rogge, attorney; Donald 
Ogden Stewart, writer; Colston E. Warne, consultant for the Presi- 
dent's Economic Advisory Council; Ella Winter; George Abbe, writer; 
Yaroslaw Chyz, journalist; Catherine Corwin, actress; Leta Crom- 
well, professor; Florence Davidson, painter; G. wS. Delatour, professor; 
Virginia Durr, active in the Wallace movement and the Southern 
Conference for Human Welfare, a Communist front; Jacques Ferrand; 
Edita Morris, writer; J. V. Morris, ^vriter; E. T. Prothro, psychologist; 
Colin D. Kopp, clergyman; Nathan D. Sachs, businessman and 
Wallace supporter; James Sheldon; J. H. Smith, a social worker; Juri 
Suhl, \vriter for Commimist publications; and Dr. and Mrs. Jack 
Paradise. 

The Moscow New Times thought so well of the remarks made by 
delegate Albert E. Kahn at Wroclaw that it commented as follows: 

Albert E. Kahn, member of the American Progressive Party and a well-known 
publicist, agreed with those delegates- who compared modern American policy 
to the policy of Hitlerite Germany, which had unleashed the Second W'orld War. 
The Hitlerites started off in the same way as America's ruling circles are now 
proceeding. 

In a vivid speech, replete with factual material, Albert E. Kahn stressed that 
power in America had been seized by a small but extremely powerful group of 
financiers and industrialists. 

The Truman doctrine and Marshall plan, he said, were not the brain child of 
the American people, but the monstrosity of Washington and Wall Street. 

Broadcasting from Moscow on April 4, 1949, Doctor of Philosophy 
Chernov explained in detail the Soviet Government's attitude toward 
literature, science, and art in all its full significance. Inveighing 



10 THE COMMiraiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

against "cosmopolitan" teachings, he declared that the Communist 
Party of the Soviet Union has — 

revealed the antipatriotic bourgeois cosmopolitan meaning of the subservience to 
the capitalist West, has shown that admiration for all things foreign leads to 
national treason, to the betrayal of the interests of the Soviet people and the 
Socialist fatherland. 

This bitter hatred for all western culture and the attempt to divorce 
writers, scientists, and artists from their own native land and win their 
allegience for the Soviet Union is an underlying aim and theme of 
the Communists' scientific and cultural conferences for world peace. 

The World Congress of Intellectuals elected a permanent Inter- 
national Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace with head- 
quarters in Paris; this committee has also been referred to as the 
International Committee of Intellectuals for Peace and the Inter- 
national Liaison Committee of Intellectuals for Peace. Paris served 
simultaneously as the headquarters of the following international 
Communist fronts: World Federation of Trade Unions, World 
Federation of Democratic Women, World Federation of Democratic 
Youth, and the International Association of Democratic Lawyers. 

The program for the futm^e, as adopted at the World Congress in 
Wroclaw, called for the establishment of national branches and the 
holding of national meetings along the same Communist lines as the 
World Congress. In obvious conformance with this program was 
the holding of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace 
in New York City in March 1949; this is described in the following 
section of this report. 



THE SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL CONFERENCE FOR WORLD 
PEACE ARRANGED BY NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE ARTS, 
SCIENCES, AND PROFESSIONS AND HELD IN NEW YORK 
CITY ON MARCH 25, 26, AND 27, 1949 

The Communist "peace" movement is organized very much on the 
order of a thi-ee-ring circus on a world scale, its talent traveling from 
country to country. The object of this strategy is to give the move- 
ment prestige and impetus in each country, through the introduction 
of foreign Communists prominent in cultural circles. 

A "peace" congress, which was staged in New York, paraded under 
the imposing title of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World 
Peace. The gathering, held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel on March 
25, 26, and 27, 1949, was actually a supermobilization of the inveterate 
supporters of the Communist Party and its auxiliary organizations. 

The Communist-front connections of the sponsors are very exten- 
sive. One person was affiliated with at least 85 Communist-front 
organizations. Three persons were affiliated with from 71 to 80 
Communist-front organizations; 4 affiliated with from 51 to 60 
Communist-front organizations; 8 affiliated with from 41 to 50; 10 
affiliated with from 31 to 40; 27 affiliated with from 21 to 30; and 245 
were affiliated with from 5 to 10 Communist-front organizations. 
At least 20 of these sponsors are either avowed members of the Com- 
munist Party of the United States of America, or their membership 
cards or party affiliations have been made part of a sworn public 
record. In election campaigns, at least 49 have given their open 
support to Communist Party candidates. A complete list of sponsors 
and the number of theh Communist-front affiliations wiU be found in 
appendix II to this report. 

The purpose of the Scientific and Cultural Conference can be briefly 
summarized as follows: 

1. To provide a propagandist forum against the Marshall 
plan, the North Atlantic defense pact, and American foreign 
policy in general. 

2. To promote support for the foreign policy of the Soviet 
Union. 

3. To mobilize American intellectuals in the field of arts, 
science, and letters behind this program even to the point of 
civil disobedience against the American Government. 

4. To prepare the way for a subsequent world peace congress 
in Paris on April 20 to 24, 1949, with similar aims on a world scale 
and under similar Communist auspices. 

5. To discredit American culture and to extol the virtues of 
Soviet culture. 

The meeting was sponsored by a Communist-front organization 
known as the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions. 
The National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions is a 

11 



12 



THE COMMUXIST "PEACE" OFFEKSIVE 



descendant of the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts^ 
Sciences, and Professions. 

In August 1945, June Hoffman, representing the cultural section of 
the Communist Party at its New York State convention, declared 
proudly : 

We built the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and 
Professions, and it is a great political weapon. 

At that same Communist convention, Lionel Berman, husband of 
Louise Berman, (formerly Louise Bransten) a known contact of Soviet 
espionage agents, was praised by the cidtural commission of the 
Communist Party for his role in setting up the ICCASP — Independent 
Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions. 

On August 2, 1948, Louis F. Budenz, former managing editor of the 
Daily Worker, testified before the Senate subcommittee of the Com- 
mittee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments as follows: 

The Independent [Citizens] Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions 
was worked out originally in my office in the Daily Worker. It was worked out 
by the cultural commission of the Daily Worker, of which Lionel Berman, the 
cultural section organizer of the party, was a member, and he was entrusted 
not only by that meeting but by the political committee, as the result of these 
discussions with the task of forming the Independent Citizens Committee of the 
Arts, Sciences, and Professions. 

The following sponsors of the New York "peace" conference were 
affiliated with the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts,. 
Sciences, and Professions: 



Louis Adamic 
Gregory Ain 
Samuel L. M. Barlow 
Leonard Bernstein 
Henry Blankfort 
Kermit Bloomgarden 
Ernst P. Boas 
.Theodor Brameld ' 
Millen Brand 
Henrietta Buckmaster 
Rufus F. Clement 
Aaron Copland 
Norman Corwin 
Leo Davidoff 
Jo Davidson 
Olin Downes 



Thomas Mann 
John McManus 
Linus Pauling 
John P. Peters 
Walter Rautenstrauch 
Paul Robeson 
Harold Rome 
Artur Schnabei 
Artie Shaw 
Harlow Shapley 
Herman Shumlin 
John Sloan 

Donald Ogden Stewart 
Dalton Trumbo 
Max Weber 



Paul Draper 
Albert Einstein 
Philip p]vergood 
Henry Pratt Fairchild 
Howard Fast 
Jose Ferrer 
E. Y. Harburg 
Lillian Hellman 
Ira Hirschmann 
Langston Hughes 
Crockett Johnson 
Robert W. Kenny 
I. M. Kolthoff 
Leon Kroll 

John Howard Lawson 
Ring Lardner 

Certain outstanding features of the Waldorf-Astoria peace confer- 
ence of March 25, 26, and 27 are worthy of note in revealing its 
nature and aims. First and foremost was its Communist character. 
From the outset, the State Department referred to the gathering as 
"a sounding board for Communist propaganda." The State Depart- 
ment pointed out that "none of the cultural leaders of eastern Europe" 
who attended "were free to express any view other than that dictated 
by the political authorities in Moscow," and expressed no doubt "as 
to the manner in which the Communists will attempt to use and 
manipulate" the conference. 

It is significant that one of the unpublicized participants was none 
other than Alexander Trachtenberg, head of the International Pub- 
lishers, Communist publishing house. He is the "Fadayev" of the 
Communist Party of the United States; in other words, its cultural 
commissar. He was the reporter on Communist literature at the 



THE COMMUNIST PEACE" OFFENSIVE 13 

Communist Party conventions of 1936 and 1937, brain-trustor of such 
cultural fronts as the Workers Cultural Federation, the Jefferson 
School of Social Science, the Book Union, the Workers School, and 
the League of American Writers, and at one time was in charge of the 
mass distribution of Stalin's statement on the wSoviet Constitution. 
Accompanying him at this peace conference in New York were John 
Gates, member of the national board of the Communist Party, 
United States of America, who has since been convicted of consphacy 
to advocate overthrow of the Government by force and violence, and 
Claudia Jones, member of the national committee of the Communist 
Party, United States of America, who was ordered deported after an 
Immigi-ation hearing in December 1950. 

Referring to this conference, Henry Kassyanowicz, broadcasting 
from Warsaw on March 30, 1949, declared: 

Notably it testified to the fact that the Communists are the vanguard of the 
world peace movement. 

In keeping with the general tone of the conference, a resolution 
was adopted defending the Communist leaders then on trial for 
teaching and advocating the overthrow of our Government by force 
and violence. The conference condemned the court proceedings as 
''heresy trials of political philosophies and attempts to limit and 
destroy the right of association." Present on the dais at the Waldorf- 
Astoria Hotel were three professors dismissed from the University of 
Washington after theh Communist Party membership had been 
established. 

A member of the Communist Party struck the main chord of the 
conference in his outright advocacy of civil disobedience. Chosen for 
this role was Richard Boyer, who spoke openly as a member of the 
Communist Party. Just as the party speaks in the name of Jefferson, 
Paine, and Lmcoln to disguise its character as a Soviet fifth column, 
Boyer enunciated his Kremlui-inspired message in the name of such 
outstandmg American literary figures as Ralph Waldo Emerson and 
Henry D. Thoreau. 

Those who have thoughtlessly lent their names to the so-called 
Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace should weigh 
carefullj^ the motive behind his appeal that "it is the duty of Ameri- 
cans to defy an American Government intent on imperialist war." 

In a similar vein, Ladislav Stoll, dean of the Academy of Political 
and Social Science in Communist-dominated Prague, Czechoslovakia, 
bluntly declared at the conference that "it is simply not possible not to 
take sides in the struggle between the old, dying world of capitalism 
and the new socialist world," adding that "we must unite for the 
destruction of the old order and the bringmg on of the new." 

A debasmg spectacle was presented by Shostakovich, a talented 
young composer, ousted from his chah at the Moscow Conservatory 
of Music, at the behest of men m the Soviet Politburo, because he 
failed to produce music to "which w^orkers can beat time and hum as 
they try to accelerate production." Shostakovich humbly avowed 
at the Scientific and Cultural Conference that "I laiow the [Com- 
munist] Party is right." He bowed abjectly and publicly before the 
"well-laiown decision of the Central Committee of the Communist 
Party concernmg music." 

By their presence at the conference, their sponsorship, and/or their 
failure to express their disapproval, the following musical figures in 



14 THE COMMimiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

the United States gave their tacit confirmation of this fantastic 
doctrine: Zlatko Balokovic, Leonard Bernstein, Marc Bhtzstein, 
Aaron Copland, Olin Downes, Morton Gould, Ray Lev, Alan Lomax, 
Aubrey Pankey, Wallingford Riegger, Paul Robeson, and Artur 
Schnabel. 

Throughout the sessions the main theme was pro-Soviet and anti- 
American. Clifford Odets, author of a number of pro-Communist 
propaganda plays, assailed what he called: 

one of the greatest frauds ever perpetrated against the American people; the 
fraud that the Soviet Union is making a war against the United States. 

He had only to tune in his radio to Moscow on any day of the week to 
hear a sample of the type of vilification and slander directed against 
the United States by the Soviet Government in its ideological war 
against this country for purposes that are obviously hostile and warlike. 
. WhUe Sergei A. Gerasimov, president of the Soviet Academy of 
Art, and chief purger of Soviet films, declaimed on the lofty ideals of 
the Soviet ''conception of life." of its "happy creativeness," of its 
"manifestation of good will toward the friendship of nations," Clifford 
Odets, son of a wealthy Philadelphia mattress manufacturer, who has 
accepted munificent royalties from Hollywood and Broadway, 
declared : 

I cannot blame the Soviet Union because an apocalyptic beast is running loose in 
our world today and its name is Money, Money, Money. As an American, 
in the tradition of all American artists of the past, the moral values of my world 
are in question, not Russia's. 

At the same New York session, Paul M. Sweezy, writer on economics 
for Communist publications, fumed that — 

the real threat to peace comes from the utter and complete inability of the rulers 
of the United States to devise a nonwarlike program for dealing with the over- 
whelming problems that are pressing in on them from all sides. 

Simultaneously, he denounced the Marshall plan as devised to 
"block a real revolution in the economic mstitutions of western 
Europe." 

Colston E. Warne, who has defended the Communist Party in the 
past, claimed that our basic national pattern is fast becoming that of 
a war economy. I. F. Stone, left-wing columnist who has defended 
the Communist Party and its leaders repeatedly, announced that he 
came to the conference because he believed that "the machinery of 
American Goverimient is set for war." Previously he had written 
that every Soviet effort at peace had been rejected by the United 
States. 

These gentlemen chose to ignore the stubborn facts of cm-rent history 
which have convinced even such an ardent advocate of Soviet- 
American friendship as Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, that— 

Russia, while professing a desire for peace, has actually shown by its actions 
that it intended to control as many nations as possible by imposing on them 
Communist ideas and in some cases, Communist economy, as well as the same 
type of police state which at present governs Russia itself. 

It is by no means accidental that Richard Boyer's appeal for civil 
disobedience was directed to an audience which included the following 
scientists: Harlow Shapley, of Harvard University; William A. Hig- 
ginbotham, of the Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, Long 
Island; Philip Morrison, of Cornell University; Victor Weiskopf, of the 



THE COMMimiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 15 

Massacliusetts Institute of Technology; Oswald Veblen and Albert 
Einstein, of Princeton. If the Communists could, by playing upon the 
political naivete of physical scientists, incite scientists to "strike" 
against their own government, it would be a real achievement for the 
Soviet fatherland. Such is a basic purpose of this international 
"peace" movement, which is headed by Frederic Joliot-Curie, French 
Communist and atomic scientist, who has attacked the United States 
for keeping the atomic bomb secret. This aspect of the "peace" 
campaign is described in detail in a later section of this report. 

The Literary Gazette, appearing in Moscow in the latter part of 
March 1949, carried an article by Boris Lavrenev, the playwright, 
calling the participants in the Scientific and Cultural Conference in 
New York the "real leaders of America." He described the Waldorf- 
Astoria Hotel gathering as meeting — 

in the living, gloomy jungles of Wall Street where the sinister plans of a new world 
war are being nurtured. 

He predicted that the conference would — 

lay the foundation for the creation of an active and effective front for peace and 
struggle against the groups of frenzied cannibals who dream of throwing the 
•planet into the nightmare inferno of general war and extracting superprofits from 
the rivers of blood. 

He told his Moscow readers that the "dungeons of the anti-American 
committee" are filling up with opponents of the North Atlantic pact. 

On April 1, 1949, Ilya Ehrenburg, Soviet publicist and novelist, 
hailed the "Congress of the American Intellectuals in Defense of 
Peace" as the voice of "truly progressive, noble America." This was 
a reference to the Scientific and Cultural Conference. 

On April 2, 1949, Soviet commentator Vladimirov announced 
that — 

At this Congress the voice of progressive intelligentsia made itself heard against 
the ruling circles of the United States — 

adding that — 

The Congress is a serious warning to the provokers and instigators of a new 
war— they will not be supported by the masses. 

But Comrade Vladimirov made it plain that this movement would 
not confine itself merely to speeches and the adoption of resolutions. 

The masses — 

he declared — 

do not confine themselves to the moral support of the promoters of peace; they 
wage a daily and active fight against the instigators of war. * * * 

The statement by Sharkey, leader of the Australian Communist Party, that the 
Australian workers * * * fully support the Soviet Union in case an imperial- 
ist war being launched against it, caused approval among the workers of 
Australia. 

More specifically he pointed out that — 

A wave of strikes broke over the entire country in protest against those who 
persecute the upholders of peace * * * against those who help the instigators 
of war. At the same time a strike occurred in the opposite part of the world in 
the Belgian town of Antwerp, where the dockers ceased work in protest against 
the North Atlantic paqt. 



WORLD CONGRESS OF PARTISANS OF PEACE (OR WORLD 
PEACE CONGRESS) HELD IN PARIS AND PRAGUE, APRIL 
20-24, 1949 

Under the new and more militant title of the World Congress of 
Partisans of Peace, the Communist "peace" drive staged its next 
performance in the Salle Pleyel, the largest concert hall in Paris, on 
April 20-24, 1949. However, 384 delegates were barred by the 
French Government because of their subversive character, and these 
individuals held a rump session simultaneously in the hall of the 
Commerce and Industries Exhibition in Communist Prague, Czecho- 
slovakia. The two conferences were connected by long-distance 
telephone, radio, and plane. Expense was apparently no considera- 
tion. Prague delegates were considered full participants of the Paris 
meeting. 

This World Congress of Partisans of Peace is more commonly 
referred to as the World Peace Congress, and will be referred to as 
such hereafter in this report. 

With the exaggeration that has always characterized the peace 
movement, the congress at first claimed that its 1,784 delegates from 
72 countries spoke in the name of 600,000,000 women and men 
throughout the world, or "more than one-third of mankind." This 
miraculous leap in strength had evidently been accomplished in the 
8 months since the first Wroclaw conference. No supportmg data 
was given. Yet even these figures were subsequently expanded by 
the Communists. The British Peace Committee, an affiliate, an- 
nounced in its official pamphlet, Peace to the World, that the Paris- 
Prague gatherings represented "organizations numbering 800,000,- 
000." The January 1950 issue of In Defense of Peace, official organ 
of the World Peace Congress, again revised this figure and announced 
"that the delegates at Paris and at Prague represented over 1,000,- 
000,000 people." 

The initial call to this World Peace Congress was sent out under the 
names of the International Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of 
Peace, and the Women's International Democratic Federation, both 
Communist fronts on an international scale. The Committee of 
Intellectuals was previously described in this report as the offshoot 
of the 1948 World Congress of Intellectuals. 

A clue to the composition of the congress is contained in the report 
of its Mandates Committee which reported that "50 percent of the 
delegates were intellectuals and members of artistic professions." 
For some reason, such persons have proven the easiest prey to Mos- 
cow's shrewd wire pullers. Included among the announced American 
sponsors were the following: 
16 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 17 

Americans Sponsoring Committee for World Peace Congress i 

Bishop Arthur W. Moulton] 

Dr. William E. B. DuBois [Listed as cochairmen 

O. John Rogge J 

Elmer Benson John Howard Lawson 

Richard O. Boyer Prof. John Marsalka 

Joseph Brainen Prof. Francis Otto Matthiessen (later 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown deceased) 

Angus Cameron Arthur Miller 

Rabbi J. X. Cohen Prof. Philip Morrison 

Prof. Henry W. Longfellow Dana Clifford Odets 

Olin Downes Martin Popper 

Muriel Draper Raymond Robins 

Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild Maud Russell 

Howard Fast Rose Russell 

Lion Feuchtwanger Prof. Frederick L. Schuman 

Daniel S. Gillmor Artie Shaw 

Shirley Graham Dr. Maud Slye 

Ada Bell Jackson Louis Untermeyer 

Sam Jaffe Dr. Mary Van Kleeck 

Albert E. Kahn Max Weber 

Rockwell Kent Dr. Gene Weltfish 

Dr. John A. Kingsbury Lenore Sophie Stewart (Ella Winter) 

Leo Krzycki 

The official organ of the Commform, For a Lasting Peace, For a 
People's Democracy, "welcomed" the Paris peace congress in its issue 
of March 15, 1949. In the course of the sessions, the victory of the 
Chuiese Communist armies was announced, bringing the assembled 
"peace" delegates to their feet in an outburst of cheering. The dele- 
gates were asked if they want the Chinese war to continue. They 
answered with a thimdering "Yes!" They were asked if they want 
peace now in China. They shouted "No!" 

As is customary at these gatherings, the Soviet delegation occupied 
the vanguard position. Soviet Literature, No. 8, 1949, in an en- 
thusiastic description of the event, said the speeches of the Soviet 
delegates "were listened to at the Paris and Prague sittings of the 
Congress with deep attention and interest." Threatening those re- 
sponsible for the Atlantic defense pact, Alexander Fadayev, general 
secretary of the Union of Soviet Writers and Soviet ship of the con- 
gress, declared that "We, the peoples of the world, shall punish you 
severely." He closed his speech with praises for the "great Stalin." 

Mr. Fadayev, a member of the presidium of the congress, made it 
plain that the United States was the chief target of his incendiary 
tu'ade. He assailed what he called the "feverish armament drive" 
in America, without citing armament figures of the Soviet Union. 
He delivered a caustic comment on the U. S. State and Justice 
Departments. 

Fadayev, however, was unstinting in his praise of the Soviet Union, 
which he termed "our great Soviet coimtry." He lauded "the peaceful 
efforts of the Soviet Union" and deplored the actions of those who 
"have turned down the offers for a peace pact made by Stalm, the 
great leader of the Soviet State." 

His Russian associate, Ilya Ehrenbin-g, ridicided the "American way 
of life," with its "drug stores, gangster films, divine service advertise- 
ments, and the Un-American Activities Committee." 

1 A more complete list of American sponsors may be found in appendix III. 



18 THE COMMXn>nST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Other Soviet headliners who spoke m a similar vein were M. Tursiiii- 
Zade, V. Volgm, Metropolitan Nikolai, P. Fedoseyev, A. Maresyev, 
Alexander Korneichuk, Wanda Wassilewska, L. Kosmodenyanskaya, 
and C. Simonov. 

Howard Fast, an American Commimist, railed at the congress 
against "the slander of the mercenary press and radio m the United 
States against the Soviet Union." 

Paul Robeson, a Negro and a Communist, for whom America has 
meant fame and fortune as a concert smger, actor, and athlete, 
received a tremendous ovation when he declared, "It is certainly 
unthinkable for myself and the Negro people to go to war in the interests 
of those who have oppressed us for generations" against a country 
(referrmg to Russia) "which in one generation has raised our people 
to the full dignity of mankind." Robeson's treasonous statements 
have been overwhelmingly repudiated by prominent members of his 
own race such as Jackie Robinson, Walter White, Lester Granger, 
Josh White, and many others. 

Leo Krzycki, a Polish emigrant who has enjoyed the blessings of the 
United States for years, yet whose subversive record as president of 
the American Slav Congress occupies a prominent place in a Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities report on that organization, assailed 
"the Truman doctrme and the Marshall plan, and chiefly the North 
Atlantic pact," at the peace congress. 

Another American delegate, O. John Rogge, expressed some slight 
hesitancy about criticizmg his o\vn Government at the Paris Congress, 
but nevertheless recommended holduag more and similar "peace" 
congresses. 

Chairman of the congress was Frederic Joliot-Curie, an avowed 
member of the Communist Party of France, and then head of the 
French atomic energy commission. In his address to the congress, 
he echoed the Soviet line that the defense efforts of non-Communist 
nations are actually attempts to launch a war against the Soviet 
Union. "* * * we are to destroy a regime," he said, "which is 
guilty of the unforgivable crime of eliminating the exploitation of 
man by man." He also hurled the usual Communist charge of 
"imperialism" at the United States. 

He spoke against the utilization of science for "war purposes" but 
he made no mention of the enormous number of German scientists 
who had been forcibly required to serve the Soviet Government. 
Nor did he refer to the triumphs in the field of atomic weapons of 
which the Russians are openly boasting. 

Since the congress, Joliot-Curie has been removed as head of the 
French " atomic energy commission. His removal has become the 
subject of violent protest by the secretariat of the peace congress. 

An increasing militancy of the peace movement, evident at the 
Paris-Prague congresses, was confirmed by Soviet comments on the 
affair. A few days after the meeting, the Moscow Pravda assured 
its readers that "Tliis congress was not an assembly of pacifists." 
Soviet Literature, No. 8, 1949, declared that "It became clear on the 
very first day of the Congress sessions in Paris and Prague that the 
Congi-ess would not be turned into a meeting of inactive pacifists." 
A Moscow broadcast of November 7, 1949, stated that the Paris 
meeting did not represent "a pacifist ideology which usually combines 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 19 

the denunciation of war in words with complete inactivity in deed." 
The strident theme of the congress according to the same som-ce 
was: "We shall not ask for peace of the warmongers but impose 
peace on them." 

A banner on the wall of the Salle Pleyel, where the Paris section 
of the congress met, declared: "Hitler wanted us to fight the U. S. S. R. 
We didn't go nor shall we go for Truman." 

Some clarification of what is behind these words is to be found in 
For a Lasting Peace, For a People's Democracy, official Cominform 
organ, for June 1, 1949, which declared, "The peace movement is 
gaining momentum among the civil population, and will spread to 
the personnel of armies, navies, and air forces of the capitalist 
countries." 

The spirit of defiance which permeated the Paris-Prague meetings 
was also expressed in the manifesto of the peace congress, which called 
for "Daring, and still more daring in the struggle for peace." 

Among those who addressed the Paris meeting was Boleslaw Gebert, 
also known as Bronislaw Konstantine Gebert and as William Gebert. 
He was an alien charter member of the Communist Party, U. S. A., 
and a former member of its national committee,- who, suddenly and 
without State Department sanction, left the United States aboard the 
Polish Steamship Batory on August 16, 1947. He appeared at the 
Paris peace congress as a representative of the Communist-dominated 
World Federation of Trade Unions and condemned the "capitalist 
monopolies." 

In fact, all international Communist-front organizations joined in 
support of the Paris-Prague meetings. Frederic Joliot-Curie appeared 
in behalf of the World Federation of Scientific Workers, which he 
heads. Mme. Eugenie Cotton and Mme. Hodinova-Spurna repre- 
sented the Women's International Democratic Federation. Louis 
Saillant, as well as Boleslaw Gebert, spoke in the name of the World 
Federation of Trade Unions. Guy de Boysson was the spokesman of 
the World Federation of Democratic Youth. Joseph Grohman ap- 
peared in behalf of the International Students' Union, while Jiri 
Hronek acted in the same capacity for the International Organization 
of Democratic Journalists. Also participating was Joseph Nordman 
in behalf of the International Association of Democratic Lawyers. 
Soviet Literature, No. 8, 1949, claimed that 16 such "international 
democratic organizations" participated. 

The congress did not tolerate any effort to disseminate the truth 
regarding Soviet aggression or the Communist dictatorship. The 
congress manifesto urged "the condemnation of newspapers, books, 
magazines, films, persons, and organizations" which, according to 
Communist standards, "disseminate propaganda for a new war." 
Supplementing this decision, the Cominform organ, For a Lasting 
Peace, For a People's Democracy, for June 1, 1949, called for "a 
daily struggle" against "the press, cinema, radio, and other means of 
propaganda used by the bom-geoisie to slander the Soviet Union and 
the democratic camp." As a result of such instructions, newspapers, 
radio stations, and films, seeking to lift the iron curtain and expose 
the real nature of communism, have been subjected to a Red terror 
campaign running all the way from scurrilous letters and boycotts 
to picket lines and actual violence. 



20 THE COMMUXIST 'PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

To further this effort, the congress decided to set up a committee to 
award "international peace prizes for the best films, works of literature 
and art" which conform to its Communist standards. 

The congress further decided to publish a journal, In Defense of 
Peace, in the English, Spanish, German, Chinese, French, Portuguese, 
and Russian languages, enabling the peace organization to reach 
every major country on the face of the globe. This journal has since 
served as a guide for all the various Communist "peace" congresses 
and committees. 

A Permanent Committee of the World Congress for Peace, con- 
sisting of representatives from 50 countries, was established as a 
result of the Paris-Prague meetings. 

It included the following Americans: O. John Rogge, W, E. B. 
DuBois, Albert Kahn, Bishop A. W. Moulton, Paul Robeson, Howard 
Fast, Donald Henderson, and Gene Weltfish.^ 

A smaller resident bureau in Paris was established to exercise actual 
day-to-day control. 

The congress chose as its emblem the dove of peace, as drawn by 
the French Communist artist, Pablo Picasso. 

The Cominform voiced its satisfaction with the proceedings of the 
peace congress in For a Lasting Peace, For a People's Democracy, 
of June 1, 1949: 

The events of the past 20 months have completely confirmed the correctness 
of the analysis of the postwar international situation given in the resolution of the 
Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers Parties in September 1947 
* * * The World Peace Congress held in Paris and Prague on April 20-25 
was the people's strongest protest against war * * * The Communist and 
Workers Parties are in the vanguard of the struggle for peace. 

1 Permanent committee members from countries other than the United States are listed in appendix IV 
to this report. 



AMERICAN CONTINENTAL CONGRESS FOR PEACE, 
SEPTEMBER 5 10, 1949 

The American Continental Congress for Peace was held in Mexico 
City from September 5 to 10, 1949. This was another phase in the 
Communist world "peace" campaign, aimed at consolidating anti- 
American forces throughout the Western Hemisphere. It was staged 
right on our own doorstep as a direct challenge to the United States. 

The following Americans were chosen as vice presidents: Dr. 
Linus Pauling, an atomic scientist from California and former head of 
the American Chemical Society; and Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, who had 
just returned from a briefing at a Soviet Peace Congress held in 
Moscow, August 25-29. The Committee for United States Partici- 
pation in the American Continental Congress for World Peace, 
which issued invitations to prospective American sponsors, included 
W. E. B. DuBois, O. John Rogge, Uta Hagen, Linus Pauling, John 
Clark, Charles Houston, Robert W. Kenny, Paul Robeson, Ben 
Shahn, Rev. John B. Thompson, Dr. Gene Weltfish, and Charles 
Chaplin.^ 

Harlow Shapley, who chaired the Scientific and Cultural Confer- 
ence for World Peace in New York, served as a sponsor, together with 
an alleged 400 other Americans, most of them identified with the New 
York Conference. 

According to Joseph Starobin, the] Daily Worker's special corre- 
spondent at the congress, the United States delegation included 200 
persons and was larger than any other. Starobin said the largest 
single group of American delegates, 56, came from the Progressive 
Party and the Young Progi-essives of America, and that the following 
unions (Communist-dominated) were represented : International Long- 
shoremen's and Warehousemen's Union; Marine Cooks and Stewards; 
International Fur and Leather Workers; the United Office and 
Professional Workers of America; the Food, Tobacco and Agricul- 
tural Workers; and the Teachers Union (UPW). 

Starobin reported that there were in all 1,200 delegates from 19 
American countries. With the customary Communist resort to 
inflated figures, the conference claimed that the United States dele- 
gates represented organizations with a total membership of more than 
1,000,000 persons. 

Moscow welcomed the gathering in a broadcast in Spanish to Latin 
America on July 30. So did the Communist press of the various 
Latin American countries. Rober W. Tubby, U. S. State Depart- 
ment news officer, declared prior to the congress: "It appears that 
it will be another Moscow-directed conference. We fully expect that 
the activities will be devoted to providing an apologia for the Moscow 
point of view." 

Obviously supervising the congress were Roger Garaudy, French 
Communist and critic, and Paul Eluard, French poet, who appeared 

1 A list of contemplated American participants and sponsors of the American Continental Congress for 
Peace, printed in the congress' official "Call," will be found in appendix V to this report. 

21 



22 THE COMMUlSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

as representatives of the World Peace Congress Permanent Com- 
mittee. This was estabhshed as a result of the Paris-Prague World 
Peace Congress in April 1949. 

Chief organizer of the American Continental Congress for Peace 
was the artist Pablo O'Higgins, in whose studio the artist Alfaro 
Siqueiros disguised himself to prepare the first attempt to assassinate 
Leon Trotsky. Assisting O'Higgins with congress arrangements was 
Dr. Esther Chapas, who was formerly a collaborator of Jacques 
Mornard, alias Frarik Jacson, the assassin of Trotsky. Also, taking 
an active part were such well-known Latin-American Communists 
as Lombardo Toledano, Diego Rivera, Narciso Bassols, Fernando 
Bamboa, and Alfaro Siqueiros, of Mexico; Lazaro Pena and Juan 
Marinello of Cuba; Salvador Ocampo and Pablo Neruda, exiled from 
Chile; and Solano, secretary general of the Panamanian Communist 
Party. 

Active in setting up the machinery of the conference was Maxine 
Wood of New York, also known as Maxine Finsterwald, who has 
been identified with a string of Communist fronts, such as the Ameri- 
can League for Peace and Democracy, Washington branch; the Wash- 
ington Committee for Democratic Action; the International Workers 
Order; the League of American Writers; the Civil Rights Congress; 
New Masses and Mainstream; the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Com- 
mittee; the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties; the 
American Labor Party; the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, 
and Professions; the Congress of American-Soviet Friendship; and the 
Ainerican Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. 

Among those chosen as honorary presidents of the congress were 
the following outstanding Communists : Luis Carlos Prestes of Brazil, 
Giuseppi di Vittorio of Italy, Paul Robeson of the United States, 
Alexander Fadayev of the Soviet Union, Frederic Joliot-Curie of 
France, and Dolores Ibarruri of Spain. 

The prevailing theme of the conference, as usual, was anti- American 
and pro-Russian. Toledano charged the United States with seeking 
to make an "economic colony" of all Latin- American countries. As 
quoted by the Moscow Soviet Overseas Service broadcast on Septem- 
ber 9, 1949, he insisted that the Soviet Union was the most powerful 
force for peace. A delegate from El Salvador declared that "The 
United States, obeying Wall Street, wants war to impose capitahst 
imperialism on the world while the Soviet Union is willing to wage 
merciless war, if necessary, to achieve peace." 

Commenting on the American border police, James Endicott, 
Canadian delegate, declared, "The difference in ideology between 
this vast organized police network and the ideology of Hitler and 
Mussolini is hard to understand." 

Howard Johnson, American Communist leader, addressed the con- 
ference in behalf of the 11 U. S. Communist leaders then on trial, 
and since convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the government by 
force and violence. 

O. John Rogge, a traditional figure at Communist "peace" con- 
gresses, took the occasion to utter a few mild criticisms of the Soviet 
Union, although inveighing most heavily against his native country, 
the United States. Three American delegates — John T. Bernard, 
Armando Ramirez, and Howard Johnson, educational director of 
the New York State Communist Party — immediately took the floor 



THE COMIMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 23 

at the congress and denounced Rogge's speech as an "outrageous 
slander of the Soviet Union." This was received with an ovation. 

Consistent with the Communist pohcy of inveighng rehgious groups 
into their "peace" campaign, Domingo Villamil called for the coopera- 
tion of Catholics and Communists "in the interests of peace." 

The congress decided to establish an artists' section to utilize the 
talents of craftsmen in Mexico and four cities in the United States 
(Los Angeles, Chicago, New York, and San Francisco) for the pub- 
lication of a bimonthly magazine. Active in the promotion of this 
project were Lilli Anne Killen and Victor Arnautoff of San Francisco, 
Peggy Craft of Chicago, Antonio Fransoni of New York, and Leopoldo 
Mendez and Pablo O'Higgins of Mexico City. 

A recorded message was received from Paul Robeson, who did not 
personally attend. His wife was present at the congress, however, 
and made an address. At the close of the congress, greetings were 
read from Henry A. Wallace and Charles Chaplin. 

An official call to the American Continental Congress for World 
Peace included the following partial list of congress sponsors in the 
United States: Henry A. Wallace, Thomas Mann, Rev. Arthur W. 
Moulton, Dr. Artur Schnabel, Dr. Harlow Shapley, Reid Robinson, 
Waldo Frank, Dr. F. O. Matthiessen (now deceased), Willard Motley, 
Angus Cameron, Muriel Draper, Katherine Dunham, Olin Downes, 
Dr. Edward K. Barsky, Scott Nearing, Clifford Odets, Capt. Hugh 
Mulzac, Aubrey Pankey, Dorothy Parker, Ben Zion Goldberg, 
Marion Greenwood, Dasliiell Hammett, Joseph P. Selly, Dr. Maude 
Slye, Albert Maltz, Agnes Smedley, Anna Sokolow, Moses Soyer, 
William Zorach, Prof. Hemy Pratt Fairchild, Donald Henderson, 
Rev. Charles A. Hill, Dr. Allan Butler, Rev. Stacy Adams, Rabbi 
Michael Alper, Prof. Abraham Cronbach, David Burliuk, Sr., Howard 
Fast, Rev. Joseph Fletcher, Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, Prof. Karl F. 
Heiser, Stefen Heym, Prof. J. Allen Hickerson, Rev. Kenneth de P. 
Hughes, Rockwell Kent, Martha Dodd, Paul J. Kern, Prof. I. M. Kol- 
thoff, Corliss Lamont, Allan Lomax, Rev. McKenna, Vito Marcan- 
tonio, Rev. Jolm C. Meiners, Rev. William Howard Melish, Dr. Clyde 
Miller, Jennings Perry, Prof. Seymour Pitcher, Martin Popper, Anton 
Refrieger, Col. Raymond Robins, Shirley Graham, Percy Greene, 
Theodore Stanford, Donald Ogden Stewart, Theodore Ward, Prof. 
Colston E. Warne, Max Weber, James Waterman Wise, and Rev. 
Ruthven S. Chalmers. 

The Communist magazine, Masses and Mainstream, for November 
1949, in reporting on the congress, announced that the keynote 
address of congress president Dr. Enrique Gonzales Martinez had 
struck " the great chord that has sounded at the other peace congresses 
over the past months — at Wroclaw and New York and Paris and 
Prague and Bucharest and Moscow." 

The leading papers of Mexico City denounced the congress as a 
completely Communist project directed from Moscow, as did the 
Inter-American Confederation of Labor at its meeting in Cuba in 
mid-September. 



RED 'TEACE" DELEGATIONS 

In October 1949, the Communists added a new maneuver to their 
fraudulent "peace" campaign. They decided to send "peace" delega- 
tions to the parliaments of the major non-Communist nations as well 
as to the Soviet Union. 

It was a simple but clever tactic. For even if democratic parlia- 
ments refused to endorse peace proposals manufactured by the 
Soviets to mask Soviet aggression, the delegations could wind up 
with a royal reception in the Soviet Union. Thus, to wishful thinl^ers 
and dupes, the Soviet Union would appear as the only nation genuinely 
interested in peace. 

This new strategy was devised by the Permanent Committee of 
the World Peace Congress at a session in Rome on October 28-31, 
1949, and perfected by the secretariat of the World Peace Congress 
on February 9, 1950. 

vSpecifically, it was decided to send delegations "composed of people 
of world renown" to the parliaments of such world powers as the 
United States, U. S. S. R., China, Great Britain, France, Belgium, 
Holland, and Italy, during the period from February to March 10, 
1950. 

The Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress concocted 
the following high-sounding peace proposals to be presented by the 
"peace" delegations: 

1. To stop the armaments race. 

2. To stop the atom bomb menace. 

3. To stop the wars of intervention now talking place. 

4. To stop repressive action against defenders of peace. 

5. To stop the war of nerves. 

All that is necessary to carry out these proposals, declared the 
World Peace Congress Committee, is that "international negotiations 
be started and that the great powers sign a peace pact." 

Of course, the committee ignored the long chain of pacts solemnly 
signed by the Soviet Union and later broken without scruple. This 
record of broken agreements is given in the appendix of this report. 

The peace committee also ignored the fact that the Soviet Govern- 
ment has the largest standing army in the world ; that it has not dis- 
armed since World War II as other countries have done, but, on the 
contrary, has concentrated upon increased armaments; that it boasts 
of its progress in building atomic weapons; that Communist military 
forces have committed aggression in China, Indochina, Greece, 
Korea, Tibet, and other parts of the world; that the Soviet Union has 
ruthlessly piu'ged those who stand for contacts and peaceful relations 
with the non-Communist world; and has taken the initiative in 
launching and provoking a world-wide barrage of propaganda against 
the United States. 

The fact that 12 Europeans had been selected for a "peace" delega- 
tion which would attempt to appear before the Congress of the 
24 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 25 

United States was announced in the French Communist paper 
L'Humanite on February 18, 1950. 

To exaggerate the importance of the project, a welcoming committee 
for the delegation was formed in the United States, composed of a 
number of individuals identified on previous occasions with the World 
Peace Congress. These included O. John Kogge, Bishop Arthur 
Moulton, W. E. B. DuBois, Lion Feuchtwanger, and Dr. Linus 
Pauling. The Communist Daily Worker of March 1, 1950, announced 
that "100 Notables Ask Visas for Peace Delegates." The "notables" 
were the usual run of Communist fellow travelers. 

The twelve who constituted the "peace" delegation, and their records 
are as follows: 

Pablo Picasso: Spanish painter. A member of the French Communist Party 
since 1944, he has been a leading figure in various Communist-front organizations, 
including the International Committee of the World Partisans of Peace. 

Rev. Hexdett Johnson: Dean of Canterbury. Member of the editorial board 
of the British Daily Worker. Delegate to several conferences of the Partisans 
of Peace and British member of the World Peace Committee. 

Ivor Montagu: British film producer, director and scenarist, and active in many 
phases of motion-picture production. He has been a Communist Party member 
since 1932 and is a member of the Daily Worker editorial staff. 

Dr. Max Cosyns: Belgium's foremost atomic scientist and associate of Professor 
Piccard since 1932. An avowed Communist sympathizer, Cosyns has been playing 
a vigorous role in various front organizations. 

Eugene Aubel: Professor of chemistry and biology. University of Paris. A mem- 
ber of the French Communist Party. Active in Communist-front organizations. 
Delegate, World Congress of Intellectuals, Wroclaw, Poland, 1948, and a member, 
National Council Combattants de la Liberte et de la Paix (Fighters for Liberty 
and Peace). 

Hans Erni: Well-known Swiss modernist painter. An ardent fellow traveler, 
he is a leader of the Swiss-Soviet Friendship Association. 

Jean Lurcat: Artist, reportedly a member of the French Communist Party 
and an active member in numerous Communist-front organizations. 

Luigi Caccialore: A parliamentary deputy, Cacciatore is an active leader of the 
Italian Socialist Party, which cooperates with the Italian Communist Party. He 
was Minister of Posts and Telecommunications in the De Gasperi cabinet in 1947. 

Dr. Mario Montesi: Communal councillor of Rome since the liberation. He 
was at one time active in the Christian Democratic Party but later joined the 
pro-Communist Christian Movement for Peace. 

Giuseppina (Pina) Palumbo: A socialist senatoi" and former social worker, she 
was the first woman given a post in the Italian Government after liberation. She 
is now active in leftist women's groups. 

Prof. Oliviero Mario Olivo: Italian specialist in anatomy and histology and one- 
time Rockefeller fellow in the United States. He took part in the leftist-sponsored 
Congress of Italian Culture in 1948. 

Fvrio Diaz: Communist mayor of Leghorn since the liberation. Thirty-three 
years old, law graduate; formerly taught at University of Pisa. Member of the 
Italian Communist Party and its organ, the Friends of Unita. 

After consulting with leaders in both Houses of Congress, the State 
Department, on March 3, 1950, denied visas to the members of the 
"peace" delegation, on the groiind that as Communists or fellow 
travelers they were subject to exclusion from the United States under 
our immigration laws. 

Commenting on the character of the delegation, the Honorable 
Tom Connally, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 
declared on the floor of the Senate on March 2, 1950: 

Many of the members of the delegation are inadmissible under the law and 
have no right to come to the United States. They are intending to come here to 
sow dissension. They are planning to come here to infiltrate, to propagandize, to 
harass, and to annoy the Congress of the United States. We do not receive 

76512—51 3 



26 THE COMMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE. 

delegations of this kind or in this form. They must come through their own 
governments, through diplomatic channels. 

The Honorable Kenneth S. Wherry, minority floor leader in the 
Senate, agreed with Senator Connally, stating: 

The United States would not want to open its ports to the bubonic plague; and 
to allow these revolutionaries to come into this country to spread their doctrine 
against our Government would be equally dangerous * * *. 

Furthermore, the American people need no instruction from these Communists, 
and their fellow travelers, of the World Congress of Partisans of Peace, on the 
way to peace * * *_ -pj^e delegation of Communists and fellow travelers who 
seek to enter our gates to spread their propaganda against our republican pro- 
cedures would simply add to our difficulties in stamping out revolutionary com- 
munism among our own people. 

In France, Communist pressure was sufiiciently strong to compel 
a reception to a "peace" delegation on March 2, 1950, by M. 
Edouard Herriot, president of the National Assembly of France. 
Members of this delegation included the following American fellow 
travelers: Rockwell Kent; Frances Damon, representing the World 
Federation of Democratic Youth; and Johannes Steel, pro-Commun- 
ist radio commentator. A similar situation in Italy secured for a 
"peace" delegation an audience from Mr. Bonomi, the president of 
the Italian Senate; and Mr. Grouchi, president of the Italian National 
Assembly on February 28, 1950. 

United States refusal to admit the "peace" delegation sent the 
Communist propaganda machine into high gear. In the Daily Worker 
of March 9, 1950, Paul Kobeson called the State Department's exclu- 
sion order "a shameful blow" aimed at "the overwhelming majority of 
Americans and peoples throughout the world who support the cause 
of peace." The Moscow radio on the sam.e day charged that the 
American Government "does not reflect the opinion of many millions 
of people in the United States * * * who * * * are inter- 
ested in the prevention of war * * *." 

The next step, as expected, was Moscow's welcoming of a "peace" 
delegation to the Soviet Union. On March 3, 1950, Jean Lafitte, 
general secretary of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace 
Congress, annoimced that a delegation of fifteen would leave Paris 
for Moscow. 

Included in this delegation were the foUowing American "peace" 
congress adherents: O. John Rogge, Rockwell Kent, and Johannes 
Steel. Steel stated that "The Soviet Union forestalled om- desires by 
inviting us to come and present the World Committee's proposals.'^ 
The welcome was understandable. It was a case of Moscow's 
puppets bringing Moscow's proposals back to Moscow. 

The delegation arrived at the Central Aerodrome in Moscow on 
March 5. They were accorded high official honors. First to greet 
them was Leonid Leonov, in behalf of the Supreme Soviet of the 
U. S. S. R., of which he was a deputy. He also headed the Soviet 
Peace Committee delegation. Dmitri Shostakovitch, Russian com- 
poser, who had attended the Scientific and Cultm-al Conference for 
World Peace in New York in March 1949, was on hand, as were repre- 
sentatives of various officially approved Soviet organizations such as 
the Slav Committee of the U. S. S. R., the Anti-Fascist Committee of 
Soviet Women, the Anti-Fascist Committee of Soviet Youth, the 
U. S. S. R. Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, 
and the Union of Soviet Writers. 



THE COMMUTSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 27 

On March 7, the delegation was received by the Soviet Peace 
Committee and warmly welcomed by A. A. Siu-kov. 

Speaking in behalf of the foreign "peace" delegation, Yves Farge, of 
France, declared that "The peace movement within the Soviet Union 
is today our strongest support." 

Rockwell Kent, the American artist, was called upon for a few 
remarks, which are quoted in part: 

I must tell you that I am not an official representative of the American Govern- 
ment. To be quite honest I must declare that the present Government of 
America is not my Government and does not represent me (In Defense of Peace, 
No. 8, March 1950, p. 20). 

All present, including Mr. Kent, unanimously agreed upon a resolution 
of protest against the action of the American Government in banning 
a "peace" delegation. The resolution was proposed by V. Pudovkin, 
member of the Soviet Peace Committee. 

On March 8, the delegation was received in the Great Kremlin 
Palace by the chairmen of both chambers of the U. S. S. R. Supreme 
Soviet, Comrades V. V. Kuznetsov and I. A. Parfenov, who accepted 
the delegation's official message from the Permanent Committee of 
the World Congress of Partisans of Peace. 

Yves Farge, in behalf of the delegation, utilized the subsequent press 
conference to declare that the U. S. S. R,. is the first country to give 
the delegates a clear reply to the Permanent Committee's proposals. 
He stated that "every time the U. S. S. R. delivers its peace proposals 
to the UN, we gather all our strength in support of these proposals." 
In conclusion he asked that he be permitted "to greet Generalissimo 
Stalin together with you." James Endicott, chairman of the Cana- 
dian Committee of Partisans of Peace, seized upon the occasion to 
attack the American F. B. I. 

With the cooperation of a then pliant American stooge, Moscow 
thereupon staged a coup that was to provide ammunition for its psy- 
chological warfare for weeks to come. O. John Rogge was permitted, 
with great fanfare and publicity, to address a selected audience, which 
consisted of the presidium or executive committee of the Supreme 
Soviet of the U. S. S. R., in the marble and gold hall of the Kremlin. 
It was the first time that an American had addressed a Soviet parlia- 
ment or a committee thereof. 

Mr. Rogge called upon both Russians and Americans to halt exploit- 
ing differences and to start searching for points of agreement. The 
Americans must stop blaming the Commmiists and the Russians must 
stop blaming the capitalists, he said, adding that he sought to remove 
"the mountains of fear which divide the American and Soviet peoples." 
He proposed a compromise between the Baruch plan of atomic 
inspection and that submitted to the United Nations by Soviet Foreign 
Minister Vishinsky. 

Rogge's remarks, of course, were challenged in the Soviet press. 
Izvestia, on March 12, carried an article by S. Gerasimov, member of 
the Presidium of the Soviet Peace Committee, who declared in part: 

But it is hardly possible to agree with John Rogge in his estimate of the true state 
of affairs. 

Rogge's eloquence, naturally, brought not the slightest change in 
Russia's policy; the Soviet's an ti- American radio and press campaign 
continued at full blast. The unprovoked Communist military attack 



28 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

on South Korea occurred only five months later at a cost of thousands 
of American lives. 

The Communist Daily Worker in the United States capitalized on 
the Moscow reception. On March 10, it editorialized as follows: 

Moscow Welcomes Peace. Washington said "No." But Moscow said "Yes." 
Our State Department has rudely refused to let a peace delegation come here, 
* * * The Soviet Government, on the other hand, gave a generous and im- 
pressive welcome to the American delegation headed by O. John Rogge. * * * 
Moscow did not spurn Rogge's peace proposal because Rogge believes in the 
capitalist system. 

On March 10, the newspaper also made a trans-Atlantic call to 
Rockwell Kent in Moscow, who assured the Daily Worker of the 
Supreme Soviet's "wholehearted support" of the delegation's peace 
proposals. 

Moscow's Soviet European broadcast of March 6, 1950, pointed out 
that the parliaments of Communist-controlled eastern zone of Ger- 
many, Rumania, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia had readily consented 
to discuss the World Peace Congress proposals, "while the U. S. Con- 
gress, whose Members do not express the will of their electors but that 
of capitalist monopolies, has taken a different attitude." 

The entire episode was a graphic example of the intimate collabora- 
tion between the Soviet Government and the World Peace Congress 
in the Soviet-initiated "peace" offensive. 



THE STOCKHOLM CONFERENCE, MARCH 16-19, 1950 

The Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress met again 
in Stockholm, Sweden, between March 15 and 19, 1950, with 120 
delegates in attendance. 

In a dispatch from Stockholm on July 19, 1950, Prime Minister 
Tage Erlander of Sweden expressed his disgust over the fact that the 
name of that city was being used for international Communist propa- 
ganda. He declared, "The overwhelming majority of the Swedish 
people have no sympathy to spare for the attempts of the Communists 
to exploit for their particular ends, mankind's love for peace and 
abhorrence of war." 

Figure 1. 




American delegates, arm in arm with Alexander Fadeev, Soviet whip of the World Peace Congress. Left to 
right: Unidentified woman, Rockwell Kent, Albert Kahn, Mr. Fadeev, and Johannes Steel.— In Defense 
of Peace, April 1950, page 51. 

Although the meeting was used as a sounding board for Communist 
propaganda, its main object was to launch the boldest and most far- 
reaching maneuver of the whole Communist peace movement- — the 
world-wide circulation of "peace" petitions. 

Among the American delegates to the Stockholm meeting were 
Rockwell Kent, Johannes Steel, O.^John Rogge, and the avowed Com- 
munist Albert Kahn. 



SPEAKERS AT STOCKHOLM 

Jean Lafitte, general secretary of the Permanent Committee and 
French Communist, reported at the Stockholm session that 52 
National Committees in Defense of Peace were affiliated with the 
Committee of the World Peace Congress. He added that the organ- 
ization is linked with 81 countries and that 19 national "peace" 
congresses had been organized since October 1949. He complained, 
however, that "the movement has not developed in accordance 
with * * * possibilities" in the United States. 

29 



30 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



Lafitte reported that the "peace" campaign "has also assumed new- 
forms * * * In France, Italy, Belgium, Holland, the dockers 
are refusing to unload arms * * *" He suggested that "their 
magnificent example" should be followed in other countries. It should 
be noted that such tactics were not proposed for use within the Soviet 
Union or its satellites, however. 

Figure 2. 




Cartoon urging sit-down strikes against munition shipments for troops fighting the Commimists.— In 
Defense of Peace, official organ, World Peace Congress, January 1950, page 43. 

Mr. Louis Saillant, another leading speaker at the Stockholm con- 
ference, is the general secretary of the Communist-controlled World 
Federation of Trade Unions. The WFTU has always been a supporter 
of the World Peace Congress. Saillant's speech also stressed the new 
and bolder tactics discussed by Lafitte. He declared that "propagan- 
da and direct action can no longer be separated." In fact, he insisted 
that the best "peace propaganda is direct action," which he considered 
an "advanced form of struggle." 

Keferring to cases where Communist-inspired seamen and dockers 
have refused to transport or unload war material, Saillant said, 
"These experiences hold valuable lessons for all countries * * *" 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 31 

He demanded international support of "those dockers and seamen," 
and declared, "this is the path that all defenders of peace in the 
capitalist comitries should follow." His emphasis upon the capitalist 
countries should be noted. Saillant then somided the following call 
to treason: 

We should state that one of the essential duties of the defenders of peace is the 
refusal to work on and produce war material in all capitalist countries * * *_ 

Abbe Boulier of France, another speaker at the Stockholm meeting, 
eagerly followed Saillant's lead and endorsed "the refusal of the 
strikers, of the dockers to work for war," as Avell as "the refusal of 
scientific workers to work for the production of death." Naturally, 
this tactic was to apply only to the so-called capitalistic countries. 

Abbe Boulier capitalized on his clerical calling and appealed to "the 
churchmen and to those who are influenced by the churches," to aid 
the subversive "peace" front. 

The Roman Catholic Church has twice taken steps to discipline 
Abbe Boulier for his pro-Communist activities. The first action 
against him was taken in 1949 after his return from a peace congress 
meeting in Czechoslovakia. His functions as a priest were removed, 
but when the abbe gave assurances of his loyalty to the church they 
were subsequently restored. 

However, Father Boulier continued his activities in behalf of the 
Communists and their "peace" campaign, and on September 9, 1950, 
the New York Times reported: 

The Roman Catholic Church took a repressive measure against one of its 
fellow-traveling priests today. Archbishop Maurice Feltin of Paris forbade 
Abbot Jean Boulier to say mass or to receive sacraments for an undefined period 
starting September 10. 

AMERICANS AT STOCKHOLM 

O. John Rogge, American attorney, presented the same line to the 
Stockholm conference that he presented at "peace" conferences at 
Wroclaw, New York, Paris, Mexico, London, and Moscow. 

U. S. Communist Party member Albert Kalm, as expected, devoted 
his speech to a bitter attack on the United States and a eulogy on the 
Soviet Union. With true Communist servility, he meekly accepted 
the criticism leveled by the conference at the "peace" movement in 
the United States. He promised better results in the future. He 
agreed with the complaint that his associates had limited themselves 
to "enlisting the endorsement of prominent personahties," and he 
promised that hereafter they would seek "to build a broad organiza- 
tional base among trade-unionists, jnass organizations, national groups, 
youth and women's organizations." 

This provides a striking example of how the "peace" movement in 
the United States is controlled from abroad. 

SIGNATURE CAMPAIGN 

The most far-reaching decision made by the Permanent Committee 
of the World Peace Congress at its meeting in Stockholm was the 
launching of the world-wide drive for signatures to a so-called World 
Peace Appeal. It is the boldest and most extensive piece of psycho- 
logical warfare ever conducted by any organization on a world scale. 
Moreover, it was shrewdly contrived and carefully timed. 



32 THE COMMUlSriST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE 

The World Peace Appeal was launched 3 months before the outbreak 
of Communist armed aggression against South Korea. Obviously the 
appeal was intended as a smoke screen for such aggression. And 
even though the Korean conflict completely exposed the falsity of the 
Communists' "peace" movement, the petition appeal is brazenly 
continuing today. 

The contents of the petitions, which the Communists claim have 
been signed by more than 273,000,000 persons, are designed to attract 
the unwary.^ They include four brief demands: 

We demand the outlawing of the atomic weapons as instruments of aggression 
and mass murder of peoples. 

We demand strict international control to enforce this measure. 

We believe that any government which first uses atomic weapons against any 
other country whatsoever will be committing a crime against humanity and 
should be dealt with as a war criminal. 

We call on all men and women of good will throughout the world to sign thi& 
appeal. 

Here is what is behind these demands, however. Well aware that 
the United States, for its own protection against Soviet aggression, 
has established superiority in the development of atomic weapons, 
the Communists hope to weaken American defenses by demanding the 
outlawing of atomic weapons. 

The second misleading demand in the petition is for "strict inter- 
national control" of atomic weapons. Authorized representatives of 
the American Government in the field of atomic energy have pointed 
out that international control is impossible without provision for 
international inspection of plants within each country by an inter- 
national authority. Under these conditions, the United States gener- 
ously offered before the United Nations to turn over to the inter- 
national authority all the materials, facilities, and know-how in our 
possession, as well as to dispose of all atom bombs and other atomic 
weapons. Every nation in the world except Soviet Russia and her 
satellites accepted the American plan as fair and workable. Thus, it 
is Soviet Russia which has prevented international controls over the 
atom bomb. 

The petition demand that "any government which first uses atomic 
weapons against any other country * * * should be dealt with as a 
war criminal" is intended to tie our hands in the case of aggressive 
wars instigated by Communists. 

The petition is cleverly directed to "all men and women of good will 
throughout the world." The petition fails to mention that the 
signer would be supporting the crudest and most ruthless dictatorship 
known to recorded history, which has just launched an unprovoked 
and brutal attack on the South Korean Republic. It is as if Adolph 
Hitler were appealing to * 'men of good will . ' ' Regrettably, to a number 
of intellectuals in our country and elsewhere the paradox is not 
apparent. 

By soliciting names and addresses from "peace" petition signers, the 
Communists are in a position to establish a huge Red mailing list 
which can be used for the circulation of Communist propaganda. 

In Switzerland, a cross mark is made against the name of anyone 
who refuses to sign the petitions and the individual is threatened with 
reprisals in the event of Communist control of the Swiss Government. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



33 



In iron-curtain countries, those who have refused to sign have been 
thrown into jail. In Moscow, the Communist Party organ, Pravda, 
announced that anyone in any country who refused to sign the 
petition automatically became "an accomplice and henchman of the 
warmongers" in the eyes of the Communists. 



Figure 3. 



YOUR HAND CAN STOP ATOMIC WAR! 




SIGN FOR 



WORLD 
PEACE 

APPEAL 



Thruout the world — 

In Chiim, Italy, Itrael, in England and Braiil, in 

France and Mexico, in Finland and Poland, Siceden 

and the Soviet Union, in Africa and India and in 

the United States — 

Tens of millions of people of all faiths and creeds, 

all races are signing this appeal. 

If we, the people say NO to war 

THERE WILL BE PEACE. 



• We demand the outlawing of the atomic weapons as instruments of aggression 
and mass murder of peoples. 

• We demand strict international control to enforce this measure. 

• We believe that any government which first uses atomic weapons against any 
other country whatsoever will be committing a crime against humanity and should 
be dealt with as a war criminal. 

• We call on all men and women of good will thruout the world to sign this appeal.* 
Return this petition to: 

Collected by Address 



* This appeal was issued at Stockholm in March, 1950 by the "World Committee in Defense of Peace." 
Trygve Lie, Secretary of the United Nations, said of this Committee: "I bless everyone, every man and 
woman, who works for peace." ,f4™ York r.™./, Mw 1950) 

Issued by 

Campaign Committee for the World Peace Appeal — P. O. Box 349, Grand Central Station, New York City 



World Peace Appeal petition blank, 



by campaign committee for the World Peace Appeal. 



Also illustrative of the pressure exerted in Communist-dominated 
countries to get signers to "peace petitions" is the following incident: 
The Polish delegates to an International Congress of Architects, held 
in Paris, stated that they could not participate in the congress unless 
that body approved the Stockholm peace petition. Lacking such 
approval, the Polish delegation renounced the congress. 

The same type of pressure has been applied to the churches in 
Communist Poland. Instructors in church schools in a given locality 
are called in to sign the Stockholm pledge. If they refuse, they are 
told the Government will forbid them to teach the young. Thus, the 
Warsaw regime has coerced a few priests into signing the petition. 



34 



THE COMMUNTIST "PEiAC'E" OFFENSIVE 



As expected, the petition has received the enthusiastic approval of 
every section of the international Communist hierarchy. On March 
24, 1950, a week after the appeal was launched by the World Peace 
Congress in Stockholm, the petition was publicly endorsed by the 
Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers Parties (Comin- 
form) through its official organ. On June 11, 1950, the Worker, 
U. S. Communist Party organ, announced the "Nation-wide drive for 
millions of signatures" and put every individual Communist on notice 
that he "has the duty to rise to this appeal." On June 20, 1950, the 
"peace petition" received the official endorsement of the Supreme 
Soviet of the U. S. S. R., which has been echoed by the governing 
bodies of every Communist satellite country, and by all Communist 
Parties throughout the world. 

In publicizing the petition campaign, the Communists have made 
fantastic claims as to the number of signatures obtained. The 
following tabulation, representing a claimed total of 273,470,566 
signers, or one-eighth of the human race, has been presented by 
M. Joliot-Curie, chairman of the World Peace Committee in Paris: 





Population 


Signers 




Population 


Signers 


U. S. S. R 

Poland 


193, 000, 000 
24, 500, 000 
12, 500, 000 
9, 200, 000 
7, 200. 000 
9, 000, 000 
463, 000, 000 
18, 500, 000 


115, 275, 000 
18, 000, 000 
9, 500, 000 
7, 500, 000 
5, 801, 346 
5, 680, 000 
44, 000, 000 
17, 046, 000 


West Qermany 

France 


49, 700, 000 
41, 200, 000 
46, 000, 000 

50, 500, 000 
347, 000, 000 

83, 000, 000 
150, 000, 000 


2, 000, 000 
12 000 000 




Italy 


14,631,523 


Hungary 


Great Britain 


790, 277 


Bulgaria 


India 


127 389 




Japan 

United States : . . 


1, 345, 000 


China 


1, 350, 000 


East Germany. 







According to a radio broadcast from Rumania, this alleged total of 
273,470,566 signers does not represent a mere one-eighth of the 
human race. The broadcast said that, "taking into consideration 
that only adult people sign, it can be said that in all 600,000,000 
people, or a quarter of the world's population, have supported the 
appeal" (Bucharest, Agerpress in Morse to Europe, August 11, 1950.) 

It should be noted that 235,000,000, or 86 percent, of these alleged 
signatures come from Communist-dominated countries where the 
petition has been officially approved and refusal to sign would con- 
stitute defiance of the government. The Soviet Union is said to have 
rolled up 100,000,000 signatures in 2 weeks. In Communist-controlled 
East Germany, the announced total of signatures equals 90 percent 
of the total population, including infants. 

The Daily Worker of August 24, 1950, displays a photograph of 
thumbprints of natives of French Equatorial Africa, who allegedly 
eagerly signed the World Peace Appeal. No doubt this practice was 
followed among other peoples. It is obvious that these persons 
could not have read the peace appeal to which they affixed their 
thumbprints. 

Equally demonstrative of Communist methods is the photograph in 
the Worker for July 23, 1950, showing three triplet toddlers who 
allegedly declared "No Atom Bombs for Us! We Want to Live!" 
and then affixed their fingerprints to the peace petition. 

The conclusion is obvious that the "peace" petition campaign pro- 
vides another example of Communist willmgness to use any trickery 
or deceit to achieve their ends. 



THE COMMUmST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

FlCURE 4. 



35 



^■"■^ r~ 





?^% 



They Sign 
For Peace 

These Iwo photogr.iphs slio'w 
the spirit for ptue that has im- 
pelled 300,000 000 to sign tlu 
World Peace Appeal to haii the 
A-bomb. The photograph abo\e 
shows survivors of the town of 
Lidice signing the appe.il This 
is the Czechoslovak town which 
the Nazis razed to the ground 
and where thev murdered prac- 
tically every inhabitint Only ,i 
handful e s c a p e »I «If ath— and 
these want the new ixUrmina- 
fion weapon — the A-bomb- 
banned. 

The photograph below shows 
the thumb print signatures of 
citizens of French Fqiialorul 
Africa who eagerly sign the 
World Peace Appeal These 
fingerprint signatures are those 
of men and women who never 
had the chance to learn to write. 

This photograph shows the thumbprint signatures of citizens of French Equatorial Africa who endorsed 
the World Peace Appeal. These fingerprint signatures are those of men and women who never had the 
chance to learn to write. Thus, they could not be expected to read the petition. (Daily Worker, August 
24, 1950, p. 4.) 







SECOND WORLD PEACE CONGRESS 

A Second World Peace Congress was scheduled to be held in 
Sheffield, England, from November 13 to 19, 1950. It was also 
referred to as the Second World Congress of the Partisans of Peace, 
and the Second World Congress of the Defenders of Peace. 

Some 2,000 delegates from all over the world were reported mobi- 
lized in preparation for this latest forum for Soviet propaganda. 
Sixty-five delegates were selected in the Soviet Union. In the United 
States, there was established an Ajnerican Sponsoring Committee for 
Representation at the Second World Peace Congress, with an office at 
135 Liberty Street, New York 6, N. Y. The committee announced 
in the Daily Worker on November 9, 1950, that 60 persons would go 
to Sheffield as a United States delegation. 

Acting head of the American Sponsoring Committee was Prof. 
Joseph Fletcher, of the Episcopal Theological Seminary, Cambridge, 
Mass. Acting secretary was the Rev. Robert M. Muir, who later 
personally led an American delegation to the Second World Peace 
Congress. Both individuals have previously supported the Com- 
munists' "peace" campaign in this country, as well as other Commu- 
nist projects. For a partial list of the Second World Peace Congress 
sponsors and delegates from the United States, see appendix No. VI 
to this report. 

The elaborate plans of the Communists for their Sheffield gathering 
went awry, however, when many of the foreign delegates were refused 
admittance to Britain. British Prime Minister Clement Attlee on 
November 1, 1950, had denounced the forthcoming congress as a 
"bogus forum of peace with the real aim of sabotaging national 
defense" and had said there would be a "reasonable limit" on foreign 
delegates. Excluded by the British Government were such figures as 
Frederic JoHot-Curie, French Commmiist and head of the World 
Peace Congress, and Ilya Ehrenburg, AJexander Fadeyev, and 
Dmitri Shostakovitch, familiar "peace" congress leaders from the 
Soviet Union. The Daily Worker in the United States complained 
that five-sixths of the delegation from this country was refused 
admission to England, including the leader of the U. S. delegates, 
the Rev. Robert M. Muir. 

The number of delegates who appeared at Sheffield to attend the 
World Peace Congress dropped from an anticipated 2,000 to 500, 
half of whom were British. 

Two days before the scheduled opening of the Sheffield congress on 
November 13, the Committee of the World Peace Congress decided to 
transfer the entire congress to Warsaw, in Communist-dominated 
Poland. 

The 500 available delegates in England held a token session in 
Sheffield on November 13, after which they hurried by plane and 
boat to Warsaw. The Sheffield session was comprised of closed 
meetings during the day, and an open rally at night, at which the 



THE COMMUlSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 37 

British and United States Governments were loudly attacked. Speak- 
ers at the rally included Dr. Hewlett Johnson, the "Red" Dean of 
Canterbury, Pablo Picasso, Communist artist from France; and O. 
John Rogge and the Rev. John Paul Jones, from the United States. 

The Second World Peace Congress managed to get under way in 
Warsaw, Poland, by the evening of November 16, 1950. The Polish 
radio reported that 80 countries were represented at the Warsaw 
gathering by 1,756 delegates, 192 guests, and 137 observers. Presidmg 
was Frederic Joliot-Curie. 

At the opening session, a presidium of the "peace" congress was 
elected, including the foUowing residents of the United States: Howard 
Fast, Paul Robeson, Rev. Joseph Fletcher, Prof. W. E. B. DuBois, and 
Thomas Mann. None of the 5 was present at the conference, although 
63 delegates and observers did attend the Warsaw gatheruig, according 
to the Daily Worker. 

The election to the presidium of delegates from Communist North 
Korea and Communist China was greeted with ovations at the 
congress. Despite the fact that United Nations forces were then 
fighting bloody battles to halt the aggression of North Korean Com- 
munists against democratic South Korea, the "peace" congress 
delegates gave a standing tribute to the North Korean delegate 
elected to the presidium, Pak Den-ai. He was brazenly acclaimed as 
a representative of the "heroic Korean people" who were fighting 
"American aggressors." The Chinese Communists' vice-premier, 
Kuo Mo-jo, was also elected to the congress' presiding committee. 
He subsequently presented a major speech at the congress on the 
subject of American "aggression" in the Far East. It should be 
noted that a few days after the conclusion of this "peace" congress, 
armies of the Chinese Communists launched a full-scale invasion of 
Korea in support of the Communist aggressors of North Korea. 

As in the case of previous "peace" congresses, Warsaw was simply 
an arena in which Communists and their fellow travelers vied with 
each other in vilifying democratic nations, particularly the United 
States, and glorifying Communist dictatorship. The congress, which 
ran from November 16 through November 22, heard key-note speeches 
from such familiar Soviet masters of insult as Alexander Fadayev and 
Ilya Ehrenburg. 

Typical of the tone of the congress was the declaration by Fadayev 
on November 17 that the Soviet Union seeks "the consolidation of 
peace tlu"oughout the world" while the United States acts as the 
greatest enemy of peace. Fadayev venomously insisted that the 
United States was turning Korea "into a desert of ruins and ashes, 
flooding the country with the blood of children and performing all sorts 
of Fascist bestialities * * *" 

Only discordant note in this Communist refrain was somided by 
O. John Rogge, an attorney from the United States, who has regularly 
attended and supported international Communist "peace" gatherings 
and who up to now was a member of the Permanent Committee of the 
World Peace Congress. For some unexplained reason, Rogge delivered 
a speech to this "peace" congress on November 19 in which he made 
a major break with the Communist Party "peace" line. Rogge's 
heretical statements included a charge that the Communists resorted 
to violence as illustrated in Korea and Tibet. Rogge also repudiated 
the Stockholm Peace Appeal. 



38 THE COMMXTNTIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE 

The congress received Mr. Rogge's speech with boos and derisive 
laughter. On the following day, another congi^ess participant from 
the United States, Charles F. Howard, of Des Moines, Iowa, denounced 
the stand taken by Mr. Rogge and received prolonged cheers from 
the congiess audience. Mr. Rogge was not reelected to the Permanent 
Committee of the Congress. 

The Moscow radio also condemned Mr. Rogge for his statements 
at the congress. This was in sharp contrast to the favorable publicity 
awarded by the Moscow radio to Willard Uphaus, another congress 
delegate from the United States. The Moscow home service broadcast 
of November 18 noted that on that day Mr. Uphaus had spoken 
''with bitterness of the war hysteria which now prevails in the United 
States." 

At its conclusion, the Warsaw "peace" congress authorized the 
formation of a World Peace Council. A presidium of 208 members 
was selected for the new council, including 15 Americans. Among 
the Americans were W. E. B. DuBois, Joseph F. Fletcher, Paul 
Robeson, Howard Fast, and Charles Howard.^ 

Soviet Russia and its satellites have persistently obstructed peace 
efforts within the United Nations. Nevertheless, the Moscow radio 
heralded the World Peace Council as "the expression of the determina- 
tion of the peoples to take into their own hands the struggle for peace" 
because "the peoples, dare not ignore the fact that the United Nations 
does not justify their hopes in the preservation of peace." The 
Moscow radio announced that the Warsaw "peace" congress had 
issued a manifesto stating that the UN "did not warrant the hopes 
of the peoples for the preservation of peace." 

The entire Second World Peace Congress was summed up by Mos- 
cow as signifying the "invincible power" of the "movement for the 
warding off of a new war being prepared by the bosses of the imperial- 
ist camp and first of all by those of the United States." 

1 A list of members elected to the World Peace Council at the Second World Peace Congress, held in 
Warsaw, is printed in appendix XVI. 



THE COMMUNISTS' *TEACE" CAMPAIGN WITHIN THE 
UNITED STATES 

While the Cominform, through the World Peace Congress, exercises 
direction and supervision of the Communist ''peace" campaign on 
a world basis, the Communist Party, U. S. A., directs the movement 
within the United States. What the Moscow radio declared on 
April 14, 1949, is valid in every country in connection with the 
World Peace Congi-ess and its affiliates: 

As a matter of course Communists * * * are marching at the helm of the 
movement * * *. 

In 1948, the Communist Party, U. S. A., chose as its "peace" 
vehicle the Progressive Party. William Z. Foster, Communist Party, 
U. S. A., chairman, declared that "the new Progressive Party offers 
the opportunity for the forces fighting for peace." Since this new 
organization polled only a little over a million votes in the 1948 
election, Avith interest evaporating during nonelection years, a new 
instrument had to be devised for the Communist "peace" campaign. 

Joseph Starobin, foreign news editor of the Daily Worker and close 
collaborator with Gerhart Eisler, former Comintern representative, 
was appointed secretary of the U. S. Communist Party's Peace 
Committee. As such, he was nominally in charge of the party's 
".peace" activities. 

William Z. Foster, chaii'man of the Communist Party, U. S. A., in 
a keynote message to a National Committee meeting of the party 
March 23-25, 1950, called the "peace" movement "our most decisive 
political task." He declared it "should be the very center of the 
work of this meeting of the National Committee," and that emphasis 
should be placed upon "the holding of a meeting between Truman 
and Stahn, the fight against the H-bomb, the reduction of Marshall 
plan aid, the cutting of the arms budget." These proposals were 
all calculated to weaken the hand of the United States in its dealings 
with the Soviet Union. 

Gus Hall, general secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., and 
a key figure in the "peace" campaign within the United States, 
reported on the afore-mentioned national committee m.eeting in the 
May 1950 issue of Political Affairs. He said that "Every party 
organization, every club, every section must have a plan for peace," 
adding that — 

it is now possible to have some type of peace movement, campaign, organization, 
or committee in every union, church, block, neighborhood, shop, department, 
shift, industry, city, country, State. It seems practical that we should launch, 
among other things, the election in all organizations of Peace Committees as 
one of the standing committees. 

As a precaution against possible identification of the movement 
with the Communist Party, Mr. Hall urged "action of a thousand 
different varieties, in the widest circles." Echoing the Cominform's 
call for maximum flexibility. Hall urged that the Communists draw 

39 



40 THE COMMLnsnST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE. 

into the "peace" movement those "who differ on or oppose Com- 
munism," "non -Communists," and "even anti-Communists," in order 
that a "wider mass movement" be developed. He pointed out that 
this tactic increased the "hkehhood" of drawing ^^ sincere people who 
are non-Communists and even anti-Communists into the struggle." 

Echoing the treasonous note sounded by the Moscow radio and 
the sessions of the World Peace Congress, the U. S. Communist 
Party's official organ. Political Affairs, declared in May 1950 that — 

the struggle for peace has reached a new, high state. New, miUtant forms of direct 
struggle against war preparations — such as the refusal to produce war materials 
and the refusal to unload Atlantic pact arms shipments from the U. S. or to load 
troops and arms for war against the colonial peoples — are hitting at the very 
heart of the imperialist war preparations. 

The executive secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., is 
well qualified for the role of deceit and treachery he portrays in the 
Communist peace campaign. Gus Hall, also kno^vTl as Arva Halberg, 
is a graduate of the Lenin School for Communist conspirators in 
Moscow. Ohio court records and sworn testimony before the Special 
Committee on Un-American Activities on November 4, 1938, show 
that Gus Hall was active in the steel strike in Warren, Ohio, in 1936 
and 1937 where, as picket captain and Communist organizer, he 
established what was virtually an armed dictatorship over the city. 
He was in charge of a djriiamite and nitro-glycerine squad used for 
the purpose of terrorizing families and blowing up industrial plants 
and bridges. Mr. Hall's prison record includes sentences for forgery 
and malicious destruction of property. 

The same Gus Hall was the chief reporter at this afore-mentioned 
national committee meeting of the party referred to officially as the 
"Plenum on the Struggle for Peace." 

Petition Campaign in U. S. A. 

In a two-page spread m the Worker of June 11, 1950, the Com- 
munist Party, U. S. A., presented "a special plan for its membership"^ 
in response to the Stockholm pledge campaign. Joseph Starobin, as 
secretary of the Communist Party's Peace Committee, announced 
"a whirlwind, Nation-wide campaign to register the peace desire 
of at least 5,000,000 Americans." ' 

He disclosed that Mrs. Elizabeth Moos was executive director of a 
Peace Information Center at 56 West Forty-fifth Street, New York 
City, which was "making available the petition." She has been 
identified in sworn testimony before the Committee on Un-American 
Activities as an active member of the Communist Party and the 
mother-in-law of William Walter Remington, who was convicted in a 
New York court on February 7, 1951, for perjury relating to his 
Communist Party membership, Mrs. Moos, Starobin announced, 
had just returned from a London executive meeting of the Permanent 
Committee of the World Peace Congress. 

Mr. Starobin also announced that Dr. W. E. B. DuBois was the 
chairman of the Peace Information Center, and that Abbott Simon 
was serving as executive secretary of the Center. The Communist 
activities of these two individuals are described in detail in a later 
part of this section of this report. 



L. 


en 


* 


(0 


^c 


s 


"o 


12 


1 


Q 


c 


1 




c 


5 




tn 


§ 


o 




T 


>- 


tf> 








i-sil 11.1 |s &a 2:1 g-3|| il 

;il: y= 1^ i:: :i i|M 11 

•llr 1^1 61 II II III" "14 

;ii: ^ii t% II -sf li^- :ii 







THE COMMUTSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 41 

The national committee of the Communist Party called on "all its 
members to join the current Nation-wide campaign for millions of 
signatm-es for peace." The national committee, in its usual elusive 
manner, disclaims central responsibility for the campaign itself, 
stating that "the Communist Party alongside other popular organiza- 
tions and individuals welcomes and joins this endeavor." [Italics 
supplied.l In Communist double talk, front organizations are referred 
to as "popular" or "mass" organizations. Nevertheless, full respon- 
sibility is placed upon each individual party member to serve as the 
spark plug of this campaign. The importance which the party 
attaches thereto is indicated by the following excerpt from the national 
committee statement: 

The Communist Party therefore calls on every single one of its members to 
turn his and her entire activity to this single, gigantic peace effort * * *. Upon 
us Communists rests the responsibility of * * * achieving the widest unity 
of the people. This can bring a BIG BREAK-THROUGH for peace. To this 
great end, we propose a campaign by our entire movement, and every member of it, 
to get millions of signatures on the Stockholm Peace Petition. 

This is NOT just "another petition campaign." This is NOT a campaign in 
which we can afford a large number of inactive members. This is NOT a routine 
drive, with hit-or-miss methods. 

This campaign places responsibility on all national, district. State, section, and 
branch leaders and leading bodies — to show by example, to set goals for themselves 
and publicly carry out these goals * * * the branches * * * must be the basic 
core of the campaign. Special branch meetings are necessary. Full attendance 
must be guaranteed, and every branch member visited with specific plans. 

In an effort to pressure party members to produce maximum 
results, the party has designated those who pledge 500 signatures as 
"heroes and heroines of peace." Those who pledge 200 signatiu-es 
are to be known as "sentinels of peace," while those who pledge 100 
signatures become "peace stewards." Suitable emblems are to 
be awarded. 

The Communist press is fully mobilized behind this all-out effort, for 
which the national committee prepares articles and discussion outlines. 
As part of the campaign: 

Political Affairs is to run special articles. The Daily and Sunday Worker, the 
Daily People's World, the Freiheit, and all other newspapers and magazines 
shall be invited to join this campaign * * *. Six pamphlets for mass distribution 
are now in preparation. 

The campaign is pointed at specific targets in "every shop, com- 
munity, and industry." It is dovetailed with party activity "in 
decisive factories and unions — in auto, steel, electrical, textile, 
mining, rubber, transport." The party has special plans for reaching 
the Negi'o population and involving it in the appeal campaign. 
This mvolves "special concentration provisions for Harlem, the 
Chicago South Side, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Detroit, and other 
major centers of the Negro people." This, of course, includes the 
South. All leading party committees were told "to work out special 
plans for fuU involvement of existing women's peace committees." 

As far as the youth are concerned, the party urged young Com- 
munists to visit "baU parks, beaches, schools and universities, factories 
and farms" in quest of signatures. This phase is carried out in the 
name of the U. S. Youth Sponsoring Committee, World Peace Ap- 
peal.^ Even farmers are not exempt, for "party organizations in 

' See appendix VII to this report for the members of the U. S. Youth Sponsoring Committee of the World 
Peace Appeal. 



42 THE COIVIMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE 

the heart of the great rural and farming communities" were instructed 
to "undertake to register this opposition to a Wall Street war." For 
this purpose, rural State and local fairs, caravans, and motorcades 
were ordered organized. 

The national committee worked out the following time schedule for 
the campaign: 

July 4: First national mobilization, with mass outpouring to the beaches, 
camps, resorts. 

August 6: Second national mobilization, the anniversary of the Hiroshima 
bomb, 1,000 open-air rallies and shop gate meetings, booths and tables for street- 
corner collection of signatures. 

September 4: Labor Day mobilization — brigades, caravans, motorcades to 
rural communities, fairs, countryside. 

October 24: United Nations Day — conclusion of campaign— delegations to 
U. N. 

A/[atthew Cvetic, an undercover agent for the FBI in western 
Pennsylvania, testified before the Committee on Un-American 
Activities on October 13, 1950. During his testimony he placed into 
the record of the committee certain directives issued by the Com- 
munist Party, U. S. A. One of these, "Plan of Work of National 
Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A., July 15 to Labor Day, 1950," 
outlines the task of Communists in the so-called peace campaign. 
See appendix VIII, pages 118-121 of this report, for a reprint of the 
document. 

PEACE INFORMATION CENTER 

The Peace Information Center was described in the preceding section 
of this report as "making available" the Stockholm peace petition. 

On February 9, 1951, the Peace Information Center, then located 
at 799 Broadway, New York, and five of its officers were indicted by 
a Federal grand jury in New York for failure to register under the 
Foreign Agents Registration Act. Named as defendants along with 
the center were: W. E. B. Du Bois, whose record of Communist 
activities is given later in this report; Elizabeth Moos, mother of the 
former wife of William Remington, recently convicted of perjury in 
denying Communist membership; Kyrle Elkin, of New York, Abbott 
Simon, of New York, whose background is given later in this report; 
and Sylvia Soloff, of New York. The indictment charges the center 
with acting as a publicity agent for the Committee of the World 
Congress of the Defenders of Peace, "the international organization 
established by the Cominform to publicize the so-called Stockholm 
Peace Appeal." ^ 

According to the New York Times, February 10, 1951, pages 1 
and 6, the Peace Information Center was said to have been dissolved. 
The center did not relinquish its offices at 799 Broadway until January 
30, 1951. It left no forwarding address but its telephone number 
was changed to that of the New York Labor Conference for Peace. 

If convicted, the defendants could receive a maximum sentence of 
5 years in jail and a fine of as much as $10,000 each. 

» See appendix IX for a list of sponsors, by States, of the Stockholm Peace Appeal. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 43 

WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DUBOIS 

William Edward Biirghardt DuBois, an 82-year-old Negro scholar 
and historian, was the chairman of the Peace Information Center, 
which had charge of the "peace" petition campaign. In this capacity 
he was asked to register as a foreign agent by the Department of Jus- 
tice on August 23, 1950. He refused to do so, and was subsequently 
indicted for his refusal by a Federal grand jury on February 9, 1951. 
DuBois has been a supporter of movements in behalf of wSoviet foreign 
policy for over 20 years from the time he was a member of the national 
committee of the All-American Anti-Imperialist League in 1928 to- 
gether with such avowed Communists as William Z. Foster and Harry 
Gannes, to the present. In 1933 he was a member of the American 
Committee for Struggle Against War together with the same William 
Z. Foster. In 1946, he was a member of the New York Committee 
to Win the Peace. 

Subsequently the Communist "peace" drive selected Henry A. 
Wallace as its chief exponent and the movement behind his candidacy 
for President became the major concentration of the Communist 
Party. Mr. DuBois has been an active sponsor of the Progressive 
Citizens of America in 1947, which developed in 1948 into the Pro- 
gressive Party. Mr. DuBois was a member of its platform committee 
at the Wallace nominating convention in July 1948 and a member of 
the National Wallace for President Committee. Although Mr. 
Wallace has recently repudiated the Progressive Party because of its 
anti-American stand on Korea, Mr. DuBois was the 1950 candidate 
for the United States Senate of the American Labor Party, the New 
York adjunct of the Progressive Party. 

The movement which blossomed forth under Communist inspiration 
and direction as the World Peace Congress found in W. E. B. DuBois 
an active supporter from the outset. He was a sponsor of the Scien- 
tific and Cultural Conference for World Peace held at the Hotel 
Waldorf Astoria on March 25 to 27, 1949, arranged by the National 
Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions of which Mr. DuBois 
was a vice chairman. He was a member of the sponsoring committee 
of the meeting of the World Peace Congress held in Paris April 20 to 23, 
1949, and served as cochairman. He was a sponsor of the American 
Continental Congress for World Peace held in Mexico City, September 
5 to 10, 1949, under the same Communist auspices. Again he was 
a special guest of the Soviet Peace Congress held in Moscow in the 
fall of 1949. He spent 10 days in Moscow, traveling thereafter to 
the Communist cities of Warsaw and Prague. At the close of Feb- 
ruary 1950, he was a member of a welcoming committee for a dele- 
gation from the World Peace Congress visiting the United States, 
members of which were excluded by direction of the State Depart- 
ment because of their Communist records. In September 1950 he 
was a speaker at the International Students Congress in Prague 
which cooperated with the World Peace Congress movement. 

Mr. DuBois has never to the knowledge of the Committee on Un- 
American Activities avowed membership in the Communist Party. 
In a speech before the House Foreign Aflairs Committee, he declared 
flatly, "I am a fellow traveler with Communists insofar as they believe 
the great ideals of socialism." He has, however, supported the 
Communist Party and individual Communists on fi^quent occasions. 



44 THE COMMinsriST "PEiACE" OFFEN^^SIVE 

In 1942 he was a member of the Citizens Committee to Free Earl 
Browder, general secretary of the Communist Party convicted for 
passport fraud. According to the Daily Worker of February 28, 
1947, page 2, he was the signer of a statement in behalf of Gerhart 
Eisler, a notorious Comintern agent, now a leader in Communist 
Germany. According to the Daily Worker's issue of April 22, 1947, 
page 5, he signed a statement to President Truman protesting an 
alleged attempt to outlaw the Communist Party. He spoke in behalf 
of John Howard Lawson; Hanns Eisler, brother of Gerhart; and 
Howard Fast. The year 1948 finds him signing protests in behalf of 
the following Communists: Pablo Neruda of Chile; Communist 
teachers; alien Communists facing deportation; Simon Gerson of 
New York; Gerhart Eisler; and the 12 Communist leaders indicted 
for teaching and advocating the overthrow of our Government by 
force and violence. In 1949 he signed various statements and even 
briefs in behalf of these 12 Communist leaders, 11 of whom were con- 
victed as charged in October 1949. He also supported suspended 
Communist teachers; John Howard Lawson and Dal ton Trumbo; 
and endorsed the candidacy of Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., Communist 
candidate for New York City councilman. He sponsored a testi- 
monial for Harry Sacher, attorney for the 12 Communist defendants. 
In 1950 he continued his support of the 11 convicted leaders to the 
point of appealing against the action of the United States Government 
to the United Nations. He has been associated with a number of 
organizations specializing in the defense of Communists, such as the 
Civil Rights Congress, the American Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born, and the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee. 

In the Daily Worker of June 28, 1947, page 7, he is quoted in an 
attack on the free enterprise system and the "fear of being called 
Communist." In the Daily Compass of August 11, 1949, page 26, 
he refers to the term "Communist" as a "witchword." The same 
publication on September 25, 1950, page 4, quotes him as branding 
the effort "to convince ourselves that the problem of the world today 
is the Soviet Union and communism" as a "deliberate deception." 

Dr. DuBois has been the subject of numerous laudatory editorials 
and articles in the Communist press, a significant token of Communist 
esteem, including the Daily Worker, the Daily People's World, and 
Masses and Mainstream. 

Dr. DuBois seems to be tremendously obsessed with communism 
as it is practiced in the Soviet Union. Although he has made a number 
of visits to that country he never deigned to mention such matters as 
forced labor, slave labor camps, or the suppression of speech, press, 
and assembly. In November 1937, he signed the Golden Book of 
American Friendship with the Soviet Union. On May 29, 1946, he 
was a speaker at Madison Square Garden at a meeting of the National 
Council of American Soviet Friendship in honor of three Soviet writers. 
In the (Communist) Masses and Mainstream for August 1948, he 
declared that "the attempt of Russia to change the economic founda- 
tion of modern life is an even greater phenomenon than the French 
Revolution." In 1947 and 1948, he signed a number of appeals made 
by the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship urging an 
immediate conference between the United States and the Soviet 
Union, and was a speaker for this front organization. In 1948 he was^^ 
a member of the advisory council of the magazine Soviet Russia Today, 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 45 

:and a frequent contributor to the publication. This magazine re- 
corded his greetings on the occasion of the thirty -first anniversary of 
the Kussian re\»okition. Ignoring the current Communist barrage of 
propaganda tlu-oughout the world against the United States on August 
11, 1949, he declared that "Russia and communism are not your 
enemies." Again on November 7, 1949, he paid his obeisance to the 

; Soviet dictatorship by appearing at the Soviet Embassy at the thirty- 
second anniversary celebration of the Russian revolution. Dr. DuBois' 
utterances have been marked by considerable rancor toward the 
United States. On October 5, 1950, he characterized Communist 
aggression in Korea as "a civil dispute for which the United States 
and especially South Korea were principally responsible." 

On September 20, 1948, he evaluated the Marshall plan as an at- 
tempt "to scare people into conformity by the tlu-eat of starvation." 
He has frequently sought to bring the United States into disrepute 
by defiantly appealing over its head to the United Nations. On 
October 11, 1947, he wrote and forwarded "An Appeal to the UN 
for Redress" regarding an alleged "Denial of Human Rights to Minori- 

ities in the Case of Citizens of Negro Descent in the United States of 
America," which provoked bitter opposition in the National Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Colored People. On September 17, 1949, 
he appealed to the UN again in behalf of the Ingram family, proteges 
of the Civil Rights Congress. On May 10, 1950, he sent another 
statement to the UN, this time in behalf of 11 convicted Communist 

i leaders. He has also petitioned the UN in behalf of the Council on 
African Affaii'S, a well-known Communist-front organization. 

Dr. DuBois has supported the American Council for a Democratic 

'Greece, an organization devoted to support of the civil war led by 
Greek Communists against the Greek Government. Similarly opposed 
to American policy and supporting the Chinese Communists is the 
Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, of which Dr. DuBois 
has been an active sponsor and speaker. 

W. E. B. DuBois has also found the time to contribute articles and 

:give his support to such Communist publications as the Daily Worker, 
Masses and Mainstream (as contributing editor), and New Masses (as 

• contributing editor). 

Lest it be thought that Dr. DuBois is really representative of the 
great mass of Negro people, it must be pomted out that he was dropped 
as research director of the National Association for the Advancement 
of Colored People on the ground of "violating confidences of the asso- 
ciation." He protested against the appointment as UN consultant of 
Walter White, outstanding leader of the NAACP, claiming that the 
NAACP would thus be tied to the "foreign policy of the present admin- 
istration." In this dispute the Daily Worker sided definitely with Dr. 
DuBois as did outstanding Communist spokesmen. He has shown a 
distinct preference for Communist-front organizations operating 
among Negroes, such as the Council on African Affairs, and the 
Southern Negro Youth Congress. Dr. DuBois has written a book 
entitled "The World and Africa." On page 258 of this work he makes 
the following significant connnent: 

There are people, and wise people, who have said that this [Dr. DuBois refers 
here to satisfaction of human wants. — Ed.] can never be accomplished under the 
■present organization of the world for business, industry, and profit; that in order 
tto accomplish this we must establish stern dictatorship of a few who hold to thi& 



46 THE COMMXnSTIST "PElAC'E" OFFEISTSIVE 

idea of the commonweal. This is the theory of communism. There are many 
who dislike the idea; there are some who fear and hate it for obvious reasons. 
But to these there is one clear answer: Accomplish the end which every honest 
human being must desire by means other than communism, and communism need 
not be feared. On the other hand, if a world of ultimate democracy, reaching 
across the color line and abolishing race discrimination, can only be accomplished 
by the method laid down by Karl Marx, then that method deserves to be 
triumphant no matter what we think or do. 

Among other Communist-front organizations which Dr. DuBois has 
seen fit to associate himself with are the Washington Book Shop, 
American Labor Party, the Cahfornia Labor School, and the Jefferson 
School of Social Science. 

ABBOTT SIMON 

It is worth while to examine the background of Abbott Simon, the 
aggressive executive secretary of the Peace Information Center. 
He originally headed the Youth Industrial Branch of the Communist 
Party in the city of Chicago. He has apparently served as a handy 
man for the Communist Party in a number of its front projects. 
From 1937 to 1940, he acted as the legislative director of the American 
Youth Congress, which will be remembered as having booed the 
President of the United States on the White House lawn during the 
Stalin-Hitler pact. According to the Daily Worker of February 22, 
1937, pages 1 and 4, Simon was arrested, with William Hinckley, 
national chahman of the American Youth Congress, during this 
demonstration. In 1938 Simon was chosen to represent the American 
Youth Congress as a delegate to the World Youth Congress. 

In 1940 Simon became acting secretary of the Committee To 
Defend America by Keeping Out of War, formed to support the line 
of the Stalin-Hitler pact. After World War II the Communist Party 
line changed to marked hostility toward the United States. Foremost 
in this campaign was a front organization known as the National Win 
the Peace Committee, with Abbott Simon as its national director. 
When this outfit folded up, Mr. Simon reappeared as field director 
of the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship. All these 
organizations have been cited as subversive by the Attorney General. 
With this record, Mr. Simon's appointment as head of the "peace" 
campaign is fully understandable. 

Abbott Simon resides with his brother in a five-room, two-terraced 
penthouse apartment at 21 East Eighty-seventh Street, New York 
City, which is used from time to time for Communist-front meetings. 
He was an enrolled member of the Communist-controlled American 
Labor Party in 1947 and 1948. 



AMERICAN COMMENTS ON SIGNATURE CAMPAIGN 

W Reactions to the Communist-inspired "peace" petition campaign 
were overwhelmingly hostile among loyal American organizations. 
Some of the individuals in the United States who sponsored the 
Communist Stockholm Appeal will be found listed in appendix XII 
to this report. 

The following are among the statements issued by loyal American 
organizations : 

AMERICAN LEGION 

The Communist fifth column is behind the so-called "peace petitions" now 
being circulated in the United States, National Commander George N. Craig 
of the American Legion charged today (July 9, 1950). 

"This is a coldly calculated, Kremlin-directed plot to soften up the minds, 
morale, and will power of the American people to resist aggression," Commander 
Craig asserted in an appeal to all citizens to ignore such petitions. 

"The circulation of these petitions, whether they call for outlawing of atomic 
weapons or for peace at any cost, is a desperate bid to swerve the American 
people from resolute action to wishful thinking. It is a masterful psychological 
stroke designed to accomplish two Communist objectives. 

"In the United States the purpose of these petitions is to embarrass our Gov- 
ernment and to disrupt our national unity. 

"Abroad the aim of such petitions is to show up America as the enemy of peace 
on the basis of worthless papers addressed to no one and bearing the names of mil- 
lions of Red slaves and dupes in other areas of the world. 

******* 

"The petitions are being circulated in the United States through numerous 
Communist-front organizations which masquerade under civic, economic, social, 
racial, religious, or humanitarian labels. Anyone having even the slightest doubt 
about a group that is trying to get his signature should contact the National 
Americanism Commission of the American Legion in Indianapolis for advice." 

AMEKICAN FEDERATION OP LABOR 

The American Federation of Labor vigorously condemns~the so-called Stock- 
holm Peace Appeal as a rank fraud. 

We urge every workingman and workingwoman to spurn the peddlers of this 
spurious petition. 

We call upon every loyal American, every true lover of peace, to refuse to sign 
or circulate it. 

We cannot urge too strongly every self-respecting American to treat those who 
are the organizers of this "Stockholm movement" and the purveyors of its petitions 
as enemies of the American people operating under false colors. 

Not only in far-off Korea do enemies of the American people disguise themselves 
as Americans. In our own country, in our factories, shops, offices, churches, 
schools, and on our streets, enemies of America also disguise themselves and 
pose as Americans. 

Camouflage is a Communist weapon of war which can be just as deadly against 
our sons and brothers in the U. S. as in Korea. The so-called Stockholm Petition 
is precisely such a weapon. 

The fake peace petition does not oppose all aggression with all weapons. It 
singles out only one weapon — the one in which our country still holds the lead 
and which provides our country and the other democracies with a measure of 
military security against the gigantic Russian war machine. 

******* 

Were these fake peace maneuvers to succeed, were the U. S. to fall into the 
Russian bear trap of banning atomic weapons — while Russia rejects America's 

47 



48 THE COMMUNIST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE 

plan for their effective international inspection, control and elimination — the 
possibility for Communist world domination by the Soviets would be enormously 
enhanced. That is just what the petition promoters and the sinister signature 
seekers want. 

******* 
Cruel confirmation of this strategy of the Stockholm petitioners is at hand in 
Korea; that is why the Communist drive for signatures coincides with the Moscow- 
directed invasion of South Korea. It was carefully planned to hide and help the 
brutal aggression of the Soviet dictators against the people of Korea, the American 
people, and the United Nations as an effective agency of world peace. 

******* 
The Communists are not waging a peace offensive. The Communists are 
waging an offensive against peace, liberty, and social progress. The American 
Federation of Labor is confident that organized labor will lead the Nation in 
unmasking and upbraiding those enemies within our country with the same 
determination that our armed forces are fighting against the Communist enemy 
from without (AFL Weekly News Service, August 11, 1950). 

******* 

Congress of Industrial Organizations 

CIO Executive Board, 
Washington, D. C, August 29, 1950. 

Currently there is being circulated widely throughout the United States, and 
particularly among trade-union members, a so-called "Peace Petition." This 
document was drafted by a so-called "World Peace Congress" held in Stockholm, 
Sweden, March 15 to 19, 1950. Announcement of this petition campaign was 
first given to the world in a publication entitled "For a Lasting Peace, For a 
Peoples' Democracy." This publication is one of the official organs of the Infor- 
mation Bureau of the Communist Party known as the Cominform. 

As could be expected, the American Communist Party accepted the Cominform 
directive and launched its own peace petition with an announcement in the Daily 
Worker on June 11, 1950. Every American Communist has been ordered officially 
to join in a "nation-wide drive for millions of signatures." The document is 
headed "Your Hand Can Stop Atomic War." 

Despite the fact that the Communists and their dupes in this country are 
presently condoning, defending, and supporting the present aggressive sneak at- 
tack by Communists on the South Korean Republic, they continue nevertheless 
to offer this specious document as an appeal to "men of good will." Behind the 
document stands the usual Communist fog of misrepresentation, deceit, and 
treachery. 

An analysis of the timing and wording of this "Petition" should alone establish 
its origin as a piece of Communist propaganda. 

The date of the Petition should be especially noted. It was drafted simul- 
taneously with the plot against South Korea, and it was timed to tie the hands 
of the United States and other peace-loving nations with propaganda ropes before 
the vicious assault was made without warning on the Republic of South Korea. 

The content of the document itself deals with atomic energy as a weapon of 
war. It presumably calls for the outlawing of atomic war. Coupled with this 
demand is a wholly misleading and lying appeal for international control of atomic 
energy. Every American knows that our government and every other govern- 
ment, with the exception of the Soviet Union and her satellites supports the 
United Nations' formula for such control. The UN formula has been stymied by 
the veto of the U. S. S. R. because it would require that government to open its 
atomic energy operation to international inspection. 

This alleged peace petition says nothing about general disarmament because 
that, of course, would involve the tremendous Red Armies that are being kept 
under arms, and it would also involve the disarmament by the Soviet Union of 
its North Korean satellite. 

This Executive Board denounces the Stockholm Peace Petition and its com- 
munist-directed variations as a vicious fraud intended to mislead the American 
people and particularly union members. 

At the same time we point out that peace can be attained only through the 
prevalence of justice and decent treatment of all peoples. We again call our 
CIO programs to the attention of Congress, to other political leaders, and to the 
'leaders of American industry. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 4'9^ 

We believe that peace resides in the political and economic security of the 
individual. We reiterate our firm conviction that workers assured of a good 
livelihood through full employment, through protection against ill health and" 
penury in old age, along with freedom from exploitation and extortion, will not 
succumb to the vicious slave doctrines of Communism or any other kind of aggres- 
sive totalitarianism. 

******* 

INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS 

"Do you know that the men who inspired this hypocritical peace appeal — the 
leaders of the Cominform who take their orders from the Kremlin — are the same 
men who are actively supporting the invasion of Korea?" 

That is one of the questions addressed by President Paul Finet and Secretary 
J. H. Oldenbroek of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions in 
an open letter to those who have signed the Stockholm "peace" petition. Other 
questions asked in the letter are: 

"Do you agree that the democratic way of life is worth saving and that it can 
only be saved, and at the same time war averted, if the democracies are strong 
enough to defend themselves, and to back up the decisions of the United Nations, 
which exists to prevent aggression and to ensure collective security? 

"Do you not also agree that the risk of further aggression will be greatly reduced 
if it is made clear to the would-be aggressors that they will find no allies or dupes 
within the democratic countries; and that the refusal of any support to Com- 
munist fifth-column agents — under whatever 'peaceful' guise they may be mas- 
querading — is a vital condition for the maintenance of peace? 

"Is it not evident that peace will only be finally secured when democracy is 
introduced or restored to the peoples who are now condemned to silence in the 
slave regimes behind the iron curtain, and when the ordinary peace-loving Russian, 
Pole, and Czech regains control over his government? 

"We cannot — ^if we wanted — compel you to answer 'Yes' under threat of 
deportation and forced labor. We can only appeal to your reason and good will. 

"But on the answers you — friends of peace and freedom everywhere — find 
to these questions, and on your firmness in resisting Communist aggression, will 
depend the happiness of vou and your children for generations to come" (CIO 
News. September 25, 1950, p. 8). 

Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish Groups 

From: P'ederal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, 297 Fourth 

Avenue, New York 10, N. Y. 
National Catholic Welfare Conference, 1312 Massachusetts Avenue 

NW., Washingt,on, D. C. 
Synaoocue Council of America, 110 West42d Street, New York, N. Y. 

(For release in a. m.'s Thursday, August 3, 1950) 

We are heartily in sympathy with every genuine proposal in the pursuit of 
international peace. We warn the people of America, however, to be on guard 
lest they be misled by the so-called "Stockholm Appeal" now being circulated by 
Communist and pro-Communist groups. This spurious peace petition, which 
has already deceived many weU-meaning people here and abroad, is a camouflage 
designed to confuse the free societies and to conceal the aggressive policies re- 
vealed in the invasion of Korea. It is these aggressive policies and actual aggres- 
sion which constitute the greatest menace to world peace. 

Genuine peace requires practical recognition of the fact that not only individu- 
als but nations, states and international society, are subject to the sovereignty of 
God and to the moral law which comes from God. Genuine peace requires of 
every people : 

(1) Renunciation of the use of war or threats of force as an instrument of 
national policy. 

(2) Loyal adherence to the solemn obhgations of the United Nations charter 
for the maintenance of international peace and security and the peaceful settle- 
ment of disputes. 

(3) Respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for- 
all. 

(4) Participation in positive programs of the United Nations for the common 
welfare and better standards of life. 



50 THE COMMUlSriST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE. 

(5) Acceptance of international agreements for the effective reduction and 
regulation of armaments, including atomic weapons, by all nations, through a 
trustworthy system of international inspection and control. 

We urge men of good will to support these objectives of a genuine program for 
peace. 

Rabbi Bernard J. Bamberger, New York, President, Synagogue Coun- 
cil of America; Rev. Dr. Samuel McCrea Cavert, New York, 
General Secretary, Federal Council of Churches; Rt. Rev. Msgr. 
Frederick G. Hochwalt, Washington, Director, Department of 
Education, National Catholic Welfare Conference; Rabbi Morris 
Kertzer, New York, Chairman, Social Action Committee, Syn- 
agogue Council of America; Rev. Raymond A. McGowan, Wash- 
ington, Director, Social Action Department, National Catholic 
Welfare Conference; Bishop John S. Stamm, Harrisburg, Pa., 
Bishop of the Evangelical United Brethren Church, President, 
Federal Council of Churches. 
August 2, 1950. 

******* 

July 24, 1950. 
WASHINGTON, July 24 (NC)— The Stockholm "Peace Appeal" is a well- 
organized Communist propaganda ruse to exploit the universal desire for peace, 
the World Order Committee of the CathoUc Association for International Peace 
has declared in a statement issued today. 

Among members of the committee issuing the statement are: Archbishop 
Robert E. Lucey of San Antonio; Bishop John J. Wright of Worcester, Mass.; 
the Rev. Benjamin L. Masse, S. J., associate editor of the weekly review, Amer- 
ica; Mary J. Workman of Los Angeles, and Anna Dill Gamble of York, Pa. 

The statement was also approved by members of the CAIP executive commit- 
tee, including: Judge Charles Fahy of the United States Circuit Court of Appeals 
for the District of Columbia, who is a former member of the United States dele- 
gation to the United Nations; Brendan F. Brown, dean of the law school of the 
Catholic University of America, and Prof. Paul S. Lietz of Loyola University at 
Chicago. 

The Communist Party in the United States announced that the campaign for 
signatures to the appeal in this country is one of its major current activities, the 
statement of the committee said. It added: 

"It is a propaganda ruse because it is not a sincere effort on the part of the 
Communists to attain peace. The United Nations has before it a good proposal 
for the international control of atomic energy which the United States and a ma- 
jority of other nations are willing to accept. The U. S. S. R. has not only refused 
to accept it, but has also failed to propose an alternative which would be anywhere 
near effective or which could by any stretch of the imagination be termed 'strict 
international control' (as called for in the Stockholm Appeal). 

"The natural desire of the peoples throughout the world for peace has been 
intensified by the fear of an atomic war. However, it does not necessarily follow 
that security against an atomic war will mean that the world will have the peace 
it wants and must have. There must be security against all war — war with con- 
ventional armaments as well as atomic war — there must be security against op- 
pression and against the degradation of the human person. 

"The establishment and maintenance of peace requires more than the absence 
of war — it requires constant adherence to and application of positive measures, 
based on the principles of justice and charity and on the true recognition of the 
inherent dignity of the human person." 



USE OF FRONT ORGANIZATIONS 

As previously noted, Communists sought to enlist non-Communists 
and even anti-Communists into aiding the phon}^ "peace" campaign 
within the United States. Since Communist-front organizations have 
been successfully employed to dupe such persons into other Commu- 
nist projects, it is not surprising to find that fronts were again employed 
to further the current "peace" movement. 

The front, it might be recalled, is an organization which has been 
created or captured by Communists to do the party's work in special 
fields. By hiding the fact that they control these organizations, the 
Communists are able to spread their vicious influence among people 
who would never cooperate with Communists. 

In the earlier stages of the present "peace" campaign, the Com- 
munists in the United States utilized an existing front organization 
which had been formed to spread the party line among scientific and 
cultural groups in this country. This organization w^as the National 
Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions, previously described 
in this report as a sponsor of a peace conference in New York City in 
March 1949. 

To push their "peace" campaign, the Communists also marshaled 
the forces of many other fronts already in existence here. At the 
same time, the Communists created new "peace" fronts designed to 
ensnare support from leaders in such fields as civic affairs, religion, 
and labor. 

American Peace Crusade 

With the dissolution of the Peace Information Center, the Com- 
munists established a new instrument for their "peace" offensive in 
the United States. This is known as the American Peace Crusade, 
admittedly organized in January 1951, and installed in national head- 
quarters at 1186 Broadway, New York 1, N. Y. 

W. E. B. DuBois, who had served as chairman of the Peace Infor- 
mation Center, was among the initial sponsors of the American Peace 
Crusade, according to the Daily Worker of February 1, 1951, page 2. 
The formation of the new front organization was announced for the 
first time in this same issue of the Daily Worker, with the usual bold 
headlines reserved for projects inJine with the Communist objectives. 

Other initial sponsors of the American Peace Crusade included the 
following known Communists: Paul Robeson, Ben Gold, Howard 
Fast, Alex Sirota, Albert Kahn, Maurice Travis, Harry Bridges, 
Ernest DeMaio, and Herbert Biber.man. Numerous other indi- 
viduals who were found supporting such Communist "peace" activi- 
ties as the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace in 
March 1949 are also associated with the current American Peace 
Crusade. Letterheads and leaflets of the American Peace Crusade, 
as well as Daily Worker and Daily People's World articles, listing 
sponsors of the organization, are attached to this report as appendix 
No. X. 

51 



52 THE COMMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE 

Abbott Simon, the executive secretary of the now defunct Peace- 
Information Center, also plays a leading role in the new organiza- 
tion. He has handled publicity for the American Peace Crusade, 
and has served as a fund raiser — a function which will be described 
in more detail later in this report. 

Two projects adopted almost immediately by the new front organi- 
zation were a "Peace Pilgrimage" to Washington, D. C, and a Nation- 
wide "Peace Poll." Both boldly called for American smrender to 
Communist aggression, and for betrayal of American boys fighting in 
Korea. As announced in the Daily Worker of February 1, 1951, the 
"Peace Pilgrimage" was scheduled to descend upon Washington in 
March to demand from Congress and the executive agencies of the 
Government that the Americans "abandon the futile conflict in Korea"' 
and recognize the "right" of the Chinese Communists to sit in the 
United Nations. The "peace" ballot, which the organization an- 
nounced it was circulating on a national scale, asked the single, 
insidious question: "Are you for bringing our troops back from Korea 
and for making peace with China now?" 

The Daily Worker and the Daily People's World gave generous 
publicity to the American Peace Crusade throughout the month of 
February. The Communist newspaper claimed "snowballing" sup- 
port for the front organization's program. The Daily Worker of 
February 22, 1951, page 2, listed the following local "peace" front 
organizations in the San Francisco area as participating in the cam- 
paign of the APC: the Northern California Committee for Peaceful 
Alternatives; the Palo Alto Peace Club; and the San Francisco Labor 
Conference for Peace. On February 25, 1951, page 2, the Daily 
Worker announced support for the American Peace Crusade from 
such local Communist fronts as the East Bay Peace Committee of 
Oakland, Calif., and the World Peace Circle of Holljrwood, Calif. 

Another specialized "peace" front of the Communist Party — the 
American Veterans for Peace — eventually sent 100 delegates to the 
"Peace" Pilgrims ;2,e sponsored by the American Peace Crusade, 
according to the Daily Worker of March 16, 1951, page 9, and the 
Daily People's Worid, March 16, 1951, pages 1 and 8. 

The so-called "Pilgrimage" to Washington, D. C, was originally 
scheduled to be held on March 1, 1951, but was actually staged on 
March 15, 1951. The Daily Worker on March 15, 1951, page 3, 
announced that more than 2,000 persons from every section of the 
country from Maine to California would converge that day on the 
Nation's Capital. In line with standard Communist practice, the 
Communist fellow travelers and dupes who made up the delegations 
were represented by the Daily Worker as "representatives from union, 
farm, veterans', peace, women's, professional, and other groups." 

Upon theu' arrival in Washington, these "peace" delegates pro- 
ceeded according to a schedule which began with lobbying visits to 
Congressmen and Senators in the morning. Delegations were also 
sent to various executive departments of the United States Govern- 
ment, including the Justice Department, where a group protested the 
prosecution of Dr. W. E. B. DuBois for failure to register as a foreign 
agent as head of the Peace Information Center. 

A plenary session in the afternoon at Turner's Arena, 1341 W Street 
NW., Washington, D. C, according to the official program of the 
"Pilgrimage," was addressed by Dr. Philip Morrison, whose record is. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 53 

included in a subsequent section of this report, and Dr. Clementina 
J. Paolone, chairman of the Communist front, the American Women 
for Peace. State and city delegation nieetings, as well as special 
caucuses, followed the plenary session in Turner's Arena on the 
afternoon of March 15. 

The "peace" pilgrimage concluded with a public rally attended by 
some 1,500 persons at Turner's Arena on the evening of March 15. 
A militant call to treason was clearly sounded at this rally, which was 
addi-essed by such individuals as: Paul Robeson, Mrs. Therese Robin- 
son, Dr. Clementina J. Paolone, Prof. Robert Morss Lovett, and 
Douglas Glasgow, full-time director of the Youth Sponsoring Com- 
mittee of the American Peace Crusade. Master of ceremonies at the 
rally was Dr. Philip Morrison. The fund-raising speech, typical of 
all Communist-front gatherings, was presented on this occasion by 
Abbott Simon, former executive secretary of the Peace Information 
Center. 

Mrs. Therese Robinson was loudly applauded for a speech which 
dealt with her trip to the Second World Peace Congress, held in 
Warsaw, Poland, in November 1950, and also with a subsequent 
trip to the Soviet Union, for which she had nothing but praise. Paul 
Robeson, who was greeted by the audience with a chant which began 
"Robeson is our leader," also delivered a Communist Party line speech 
in which he haded the "magnificent" example of the Chinese Com- 
munists and the "first peoples' government — the land of the Soviets." 
Mr. Robeson told a cheering audience that they were not assembled to 
"ask" for peace but to "impose" peace if necessary. Prolonged ap- 
plause greeted Douglas Glasgow when he denounced the United States 
for "war mongering" and for committing "atrocities" against the 
Korean "people." "We youth of America," he declared, "shall not 
become the gun fodder * * * Qf the Achesons and the Dulles and 
the Hersheys." 

Some 100 "trade union" members who were delegates to the Amer- 
ican Peace Crusade Pilgrimage in Washington held a session on March 
16, according to the Daily Worker of March 19, 1951, page 4. They 
met under the chairmanship of Marcel Scherer, New York coordinator 
of the National Labor Conference for Peace. 

The "sponsors" of the "Peace Pilgrimage" announced during the 
coui'se of their sessions in Washington, D. C, that the American 
Peace Crusade's next venture would be a "Nation-wide congress" to 
be held in Chicago, 111., on June 1 and 2, 1951, according to the Daily 
Worker of March 16, 1951, page 1. 

In addition to the demands for a withdrawal of American forces 
from Korea and the recognition of Communist China, the pilgrimage 
had lobbied against the extension of the draft, universal military train- 
ing, the sending of American troops to Europe, and rearmament of 
Germany. 

The parallel between this present crusade and the American Peace 
Crusade of 1940, which was a section of the American Peace Mobiliza- 
tion and which was opposed to American military defense efforts dur- 
ing the Stalin-Hitler Pact, is unmistakable. Oddly enough, a number 
of signers of the call for the American Peace Crusade "Pilgrimage" of 
1951 were likewise supporters of the American Peace Mobilization, 
namely Paul Robeson, Abraham Cronbach, Abram Flaxer, Rockwell 
Kent, Ernest De Maio, Ben Gold, and the Reverend Walter A. 
JVfitchell. 



54 THE COMMUNIST "PEiAC'E" OFFENSIVE 

MARYLAND COMMITTEE FOR PEACE 

An example of the deceit of the Communist Party as to the true 
character of organizations it has created is iUustrated by the Maryland 
Committee for Peace/ Within a month after the Maryland Com- 
mittee for Peace was formed, over 34 persons it had duped into being 
sponsors resigned. 

One of the sponsors, Victor Lowe, an associate professor of philoso- 
phy at Johns Hopkms University, resigned in protest after an adver- 
tisement circulated by the Maryland Committee for Peace called for 
the outlawmg of the atomic bomb. In his resignation, Mr. Lowe 
stated: "The idea of outlaw without effective enforcement agencies 
would amount at best to another Kellogg Pact, and, at worst, would 
help Russia but not the United States or the cause of peace." 

That the Maryland Committee for Peace has listed as sponsors 
individuals without authorization is evidenced by the case of Ion 
Carstoiu. Mr. Carstoiu, a mathematics teacher at Johns Hopkins 
University, has stated: "They have been using my name without my 
authorization." A Rumanian, Mr. Carstoiu continued: "The reason 
I'm out of Rumania is that I'm against the Communists." 

The committee assumes that there are many other individuals whose 
names have been used by "peace" front organizations who fall into 
the categories of Mr. Lowe and Mr. Carstoiu. The committee re- 
quests that all mdividuals who have been listed as sponsors of Com- 
munist "peace" fronts without theii- consent, or who have withdrawn 
from sponsorship in protest against the purpose of these organizations, 
notify the committee in order that the committee's records may be 
changed accordingly. 

Persons who have resigned from the Maryland Committee for P^ace 
include : 

Prof. Don Cameron Allen Sibyl Mandell 

Dr. Edgar F. Berman Rev. Ivan Nangle 

Rev. H. Fairfield Butt III J. Harold Passmore 

Rev. Albert E. Day Rev. Joseph N. Pedrick 

Rev. W. F. Foster' Rabbi Manuel M. Poliakoff 

Rabbi Louis Friedlander Rev. Joscob F. Replogle 

Rev. Frederick W. Heifer Rabbi Abraham Shusterman 

Rev. Paul W. Kinsel Aaron Sopher 

Rev. Norris A. Lineweaver Rabbi Israel Tabak 

Marylanders who have withdrawn from the national organiza- 
tion are: 

Rev. Joseph N. Pedrick Prof. J. A. Oliver 

Dr. Miles W. Connor 

Another new front created by the Communists was known as the 
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact. 

Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact 

The aggressive and hostile policies of the Soviet Union since the 
end of World War II resulted in the signing of a defense treaty by 
12 democratic western nations, including the United States. Known 
as the North Atlantic defense pact, this agreement was designed to 
provide the basis for effective collective action to restore and maintain 

• See appendix XI to this report for a list of sponsors to a Maryland Committee for Peace. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 55 

the security of the North Atlantic area if an armed attack should 
occur. The pact was signed on April 14, 1949. 

The pact naturally met with bitter opposition from the Soviet 
Union. It became a special target in the huge, Moscow-directed 
movement which paraded under the name of "peace" but which was 
actually intended to weaken the defenses of the non-Communist world. 

Communists in the United States did their part in the Moscow 
campaign by instigating a Conference for Peaceful Alternatives to 
the Atlantic Pact, allegedly held in July 1949 in Washington, D. C. 
This resulted in the formation of a front organization known as the 
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact. 

The proposal for a conference against the Atlantic Pact seems to 
have first blossomed forth publicly in the Daily Worker of May 11, 
1949. It was ostensibly formulated by a committee of five individuals: 
Albert Einstein of Princeton; Thomas Mann of California; Emily 
Green Balch of Wellesley, Mass.; Bishop W. J. Walls of Chicago; and 
Reverend Edwin Dahlberg of Syracuse, New York. That these 
individuals actually traveled from the four corners of the continent 
to confer on this plan is doubtful. 

Preparatory to the formal establislmient of this "peace" front, 
various preliminary conferences were called and statements issued 
which were featured and supported by the Daily Worker. 

According to its issue of June 28, 1949, 55 Negro religious leaders 
called upon President Truman "to reject the military concept con- 
tained in the North Atlantic pact," in a statement issued through the 
Fraternal Council of Churches in America, claiming to represent 
7,000,000 Negro church members of 11 denominations. William H. 
Jernagin, in charge of its Washington Bureau, is a perennial supporter 
of Communist "peace" fronts as well as their other front organizations. 
Thus, he has supported the American League for Peace and Democracy, 
the Win-the-Peace Conference, and the World Peace Appeal. He has 
also supported such Communist fronts as the Council on African 
Affairs, the Washington Committee for Democratic Action, the 
National Council of American Soviet Friendship, the Southern 
Conference for Human Welfare, the Civil Rights Congress, the 
United Negro and Allied Veterans, the National Federation for 
Constitutional Liberties, the National Negro Congress, and the 
Washington Citizens Committee To Free Earl Browder. 

On July 12, 1949, this Communist organ carried an announcement 
of an "open letter to President Truman and Members of the Senate," 
condemning the North Atlantic pact and allegedly signed by "75 
theological students, young ministers, and other religious youth 
leaders." Young ministers joining in the call were Rev. Ralph Hall 
Collis, Rev. Massie Kennard, Metropolitan Community Church; 
Rev. Robert T. Prater, Manhattan, III; Rev. Wilfred G. Scioyies, 
Marlboro Presbyterian Church; and Rev. Lluellen Clinkscales, Jr., 
Beth Eden Baptist Church. 

Others included Ervin F. Block, secretary-treasurer of Christian 
Rural Fellowship; Don Heap, delegate to the 1947 Oslo World Con- 
ference of Christian Youth; Wahace B. Poteat, president, Baptist 
Divinity House; Herbert Vetter, president, Meadville Students 
Association; Austin B. Creil, president, B .ptist Club, Northwestern 
University; Elizabeth Fulton, president, YWCA, Northwestern 
University; and Esko Loewen, editor, Mennonite Youth. 



56 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

A Conference on Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact was 
called thereafter in early July 1949 in Washington, D. C, according 
to the Daily Worker. The names of civic, church, labor, and com- 
munity organizations were associated with the conference as if they 
were officially represented, although the initiating letter referred to 
the conference as a "nondelegated meeting." 

Subsequent to this conference, the new front movement conducted 
its activities for a time under the title "Continuations Committee of 
the Conference for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact." Its 
-executive secretary was listed as Miss Jule T. Bouchard, of New 
York City. Soon, however, the group formally designated itself as 
the Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact, and 
under these auspices a barrage of mass meetings and "open letters" 
was loosened upon the American public. 

A letterhead of the front organization dated September 16, 1950, 
lists headquarters at 30 North Dearborn Street, Chicago 2, 111., and 
names the following officers: 

Honorary chairmen: Thomas Mann and Bishop W. J. Walls 

Cochairmen: Rabbi Abraham Cronbach, Prof. Kermit Eby, Dr. W. H. Jernagin, 

and Dean John B. Thompson 
Chairman of the board: Prof. Robert J. Havighurst 
Vice chairmen: Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Dr. Mark A. Dawber, Mrs, 

Welthy H. Fisher, Dr. D. V. Jemison, Dr. Halford Luccock, Dr. Albert Palmer, 

Prof. Linus Pauling, and Rev. Franklin I. Sheeder 

EXECUTIVE BOARD 

Rev. J. Burt Bouwman Mr. Hugo Leaming 

Rabbi Stanley Brav Rev. Donald Mathews 

Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan Dr. George Mecklenberg 

Rev. M. E. Dorr Miss Renee Shapiro 

Prof. Harl Douglas Rev. Robert Stone 

Hon. Clifford Durr Mrs. M. E. Tilly 

Rabbi Alvin Fine Dr. Willard Uphaus 

Rabbi Oscar Fleishaker Rev. Edgar M. Wahlberg 

Dr. George Fowler Dr. Lorell Weiss 

Rev. Edgar Jackson Rev. Wayne White 

Rev. Massie Kennard Mr. Aubrey Williams 

The Daily Worker of July 15, 1949, carried an announcement by 
Rev. John B. Thompson, dean of the Rockefeller Chapel of the 
University of Chicago, that a Chicago Committee for Peaceful 
Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact had been organized with Dr. 
Thompson as its provisional chairman. Dr. Thompson has had 
much experience in organizing Communist "peace" fronts. 

During the period of the Stalin-Hitler pact, the Communists 
initiated first the Committee to Defend America by Keeping Out of 
War with John B. Thompson as temporary chairman, the Emergency 
Peace Mobilization of which he was chairman, and finally the Ameri- 
can Peace Mobilization of which he was also chairman. In addition. 
Dr. Thompson has been a supporter of Communist fronts operating 
in other fields: The American Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born, the People's Institute of Applied Religion, the Southern Con- 
ference for Human Welfare, the New Theatre League, and the 
magazine Soviet Russia Today. 

The following executive committee of the Chicago Committee for 
Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact was announced (we have 
added the number of fronts with which each person was previously 
connected): Prof. Robert J. Havighurst, of the University of Chicago 



THE COMMimiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



57 



(3); Truman Kirkpatrick, of the Friends Service Committee and 
Bishop W. J. Walls (7) ; Russell Ballard, director of Hull House (2) ; 
Earl Bronson, of Evanston; Prof. Curtis D. MacDougall, of North- 
western University (8); Rabbi Samuel Teitelbaum, of the Hillel 
Foundation of Evanston; Dr. Maud Slye, of the University of Chi- 
cago (7); Rev. Wilfred Wakefield, First Congi-egation Church, Brook- 
field (2) ; Dr. R. Citron and Albert G. Watson, of the Fellowship of 
Reconciliation. 

On August 21, 1949, the Continuations Committee of the Confer- 
ence on Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact issued an open 
letter calling for "the defeat of President Truman's arms program." 
It was sent to every member of the United States Senate. Some 
850 persons were listed as signers of the open letter, 572 of them 
allegedly "religious" leaders. 

Under the sponsorship of the Committee for Peaceful Alternatives 
to the Atlantic Pact, a public statement to President Truman was 
released on December 14, 1949. It repeated the fraudulent "peace" 
propaganda being issued from Moscow. The committee claimed 
that nearly 1,000 persons signed this statement and described the 
signers as "clergymen, educators, v\Titers, civic and labor leaders." 
At least 60 of these were known members of the pro-Communist 
Methodist Federation for Social Action. 

The signers of one or both of the afore-mentioned statements also 
included the following individuals who have been affiliated with such a 
significant number of Communist fronts that they may be said to 
constitute a body of reliable and consistent supporters of Communist 
organizations: 



Lee H. Ball 
Edward K. Barsky 
Elmer A. Benson 
John T. Bernard 
Lyman R. Bradley 
Hugh Bryson 
Anton J. Carlson 
Charles Collins 
John W. Darr 
Jerome Davis 
Hugh DeLacy 
Martha Dodd 
James A. Dombrowski 
Dorothy W. Douglas 
Muriel Draper 
W. E. B. DuBois 
Bertram Edises 
Thomas I. Emerson 
Philip Evergood 
Clark Foreman 



Stephen H. Fritchman 
Elinor Gimbel 
Josiah W. Gitt 
B. Z. Goldberg 
Harry Gottlieb 
Nora K. Harris 
Leo Huberman 
Langston Hughes 
W. A. Hunton 
Oakley C. Johnson 
Millard Lampell 
Kenneth Leslie 
Rockwell Kent 
Thomas Mann 
CHfford T. McAvoy 
Bernard V. McGroarty 
Jack R. McMichael 
William Howard Melish 
Clyde R. Miller 
Richard Mofford 



Philip D. Morrison 
Linus Pauling 
Martin Popper 
Holland Roberts 

0. John Rogge 
Rose Russell 
Margaret Schlauch 
Frederich L. Schuman 

1. F. Stone 
Fred W. Stover 
Leon Straus 

Mary Church Terrell 
John B. Thompson 
Jeannett S. Turner 
Sam Wanamaker 
Harry F. Ward 
Colston E. Warns 
Gene Weltfish 



The lists of signers further include the follomng who are publicly 
known as members of the Communist Party; who are described as 
members in sworn testimony by competent witnesses; or who are on 
record as having refused to affirm or deny Communist Party mem- 
bership (all of these persons except Louise Berman and Howard Fast 
were signers of both the open letter of August 21, 1949, and the 
statement on December 14, 1949): 

Ben Gold, president of the International Fur and Leather Workers Union, who 
allegedly resigned from the Communist Party to comply with the Taft-Hartley 
Act. This union was expelled from the CIO because of its Communist character. 

76512—51 5 



58 THE COMMUlSriST "PElAC'E" OFFEISTSIVE 

Max Perlow, secretary-treasurer of the United Furniture Workers of America, 
who also allegedly resigned from the Communist Party to comply with the 
Taft-Hartley Act. 

Eliot White, an Episcopalian clergyman. 

Abram Flaxer, president of the United Public Workers of America. This union 
was expelled from the CIO because of its Communist character. 

Elizabeth Sasuly, legislative representative of the Food, Tobacco, Agricultural 
and Allied Workers, which was expelled from the CIO because of its Com- 
munist character. 

Arthur Osman, president, Independent Wholesale and Warehouse Workers of 
America, Local 65. 

Albert Maltz, convicted for contempt of Congress. 

Dalton Trumbo, convicted for contempt of Congress. 

Howard Fast, convicted for contempt of Congress. 

Donald Henderson, president of the Food, Tobacco, Agricultural and Allied 
Workers of America, which was expelled from the CIO because of its Communist 
character. 

Abraham Lederman, president. Teachers Union, Local 555 of the United Public 
Workers of America, suspended by the New York City Board of Education. 

Ralph H. Gundlach, dismissed from the University of Washington. 

Agnes Smedley (deceased). 

Dirk J. Struik. 

Elizabeth Moos. 

Albert E. Kahn. 

Louise R. Berman. 

The signers include the following supporters of the American Peace 
Mobilization which picketed the White House in the days of the 
Stalin-Hitler Pact: 

Louise Bransten (now Berman) Rev. Armand Guerrero 

William Harrison Ehzabeth Moos 

Leon Strauss Eliot White 

Abraham Cronbach John DeBoer 

Abram Flaxer Langston Hughes 

Jack R. Mc Michael Hugh DeLacy 
Philip Evergood 

Again in February 1950, the aforementioned committee decided to 
exert pressure upon the American Government through an open letter 
to President Truman. This was signed by "100 notables" urging 
direct American-Soviet talks to avert "atomic catastrophe." This 
same line was also being urged in the Daily Worker. 

On August 17, 1949, the Daily Worker disclosed that an "emer- 
gency people's hearing" would be held at the Hotel Willard in Wash- 
ington, D. C, on August 24 under the auspices of the Continuations 
Committee of the Conference for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic 
Pact. Among the initiators listed were Bishop William J. Walls of 
the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and the Rev. John B. 
Thompson. The meeting, the Daily Worker assured its readers, 
would demand the defeat of President Truman's "arms program." 

Featured speaker at the "emergency" hearing on August 24 was 
James Waterman Wise, who has been connected with at least 17 
other Communist fronts. The gathering also provided an excuse for 
a delegation to call upon U. S. Senators to pressure them against the 
military appropriations bill. Included in the delegation were Joseph 
Karsner; A^Iiss Jule Bourchard, secretary of the Continuations Com- 
mittee; and Rev. Jack Telford of Milwaukee. 

MID-CENTURY CONFERENCE FOR PEACE 

Encouraged by its success in drawing dupes into its campaign, the 
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact launched a 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 59 

more ambitious project under the high-sounding title of the Mid- 
Century Conference for Peace. ^ This was held at the St. James 
Methodist Church in Chicago on May 29 and 30. 1950. 

The avowed purpose was to pressure "the President and the 
Congress of the United States to undertake negotiations with the 
government of the Soviet Union" and demand that the "United 
States delegation to the United Nations" present "positive proposals 
for peace." In plain terms, the conference was aimed at assembling 
as many gullible persons as possible under Communist direction and 
turning them into a vast sounding board for Communist propaganda. 

The Daily Worker claimed that anywhere from 650 to 750 dele- 
gates attended the Mid-Century Conference for Peace. They were 
represented as being "leaders" in the fields of religion, labor, youth, 
education, business, and women's and fraternal groups. Youth was 
listed as comprising one-third of the entire delegation. 

In an article which appeared in the New Leader of July 22, 1950, 
A. J. Muste, secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a pacifist 
group, pointed out in reference to the Mid-Century Conference for 
Peace that — 

none of the recognized pacifist organizations participated in or endorsed the 
conference. This applies to the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the War Resisters 
League, the American Friends Service Committee, the Brethren Service Com- 
mittee, the Mennonite Central Committee, and all of the nine or more denomina- 
tional pacifist fellowships including the Jewish Pacifist Fellowship. 

The sponsors of the Mid-Century Conference included a number of 
the usual supporters of Communist fronts such as Jerome Davis, 
Corliss Lamont, and Carey Mc Williams, with from 41 to 50 Com- 
munist-front affiliations; Cliftord Odets, with at least 34; Kntley 
Mather, Elmer Benson, Guy Emery Shipler, and Colston E. Warne, 
with 21 to 30; Dorothy Brewster, Anton J. Carlson, W. E. B. DuBois, 
Stephen H. Fritchman, Leo Krzycki, Harlow Shapley, Oswald 
Veblen, I. F. Stone, and E. Franldin Frazier, with from 11 to 20. 
Sponsors also included Louis Goldblatt, Donald Henderson, and 
Claude Williams, whose Communist Party memberships are a matter 
of public record, and James Durkin, recently expelled from the CIO 
because of his Communist activity. All sessions were attentively 
covered by Joseph Starobin, head of the "peace committee" of the 
Communist Party and foreign news editor of the Daily Worker. 

The Rev. John B. Thompson, whose record has been previously 
cited in this report, was the key figure at the Mid-Century Confer- 
ence. In its "keynote session" he outlined the "History of the 
Conference." At the next session he acted as chairman. He was 
also a member of the program committee of the conference. 

Unfortunately for the Communists, the conference did not work 
out quite as smoothly as planned. The controlling hand of the Com- 
munists over the meeting had been exposed even before the session 
began and proved to be a source of considerable embarrassment to 
the Communists before the conference was over. 

The first bombshell exploded on the Communists when the Rev. 
Donald Harrington of New York withdrew as a conference sponsor 
a few days before it opened and made the following public statement: 

The stark fact is that the American Communist movement not only is willing 
to resort to a ny method or subterfuge to accomplish its purposes, but also it takes 

' Sec appendix XII to this report for the official "Cair* to the Mid-Century Conference for Peace. 



60 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

orders directly from Moscow and functions as an American arm of the Soviet 
Foreign Office. 

At this moment, though the international Communist movement is waging 
war, both cold and hot, and engaged in violence in many parts of the world, the 
American Communists have launched an exceedingly widespread and well- 
financed campaign for "peace." 

The Communist Party line seems for a brief period to be running parallel with 
the point of view of pacifists and liberals. Communists, operating through a 
wide variety of "front" organizations, are seeking support of liberal and peace 
leaders and seeking to give them their support. 

They are not really interested in peace, but in appeasement. Their support 
will be turned to sabotage the moment it serves Soviet policy for this to occur. 
(New York Times, May 22, 1950, p. 19). 

To meet this criticism, a press conference headed by the Rev. 
John B. Thompson was hurriedly called in Chicago on May 29, 
which rejected the charge of "left infiltration," but insisted that the 
conference "would not bar anyone on the basis of political opinions." 
This left the field clear for the activities of the Communist group 
within the conference. 

Dr. Thompson, in seeking to pour oil on the troubled waters, 
insisted that the conference was not political. He urged that there 
be no division with or discrimination against the Communists. 

When the conference got under way, however, there were still 
evidences of rebellion against the strict party line among the delegates. 
As Starobin put it in the Worker of June 4, 1950, "There was plenty 
of the common, garden variety of anti-Soviet slander." 

The Communists were still willing to swallow all this in order to 
accomplish their chief objectives. To avoid an open break, it was 
decided that four work seminars would not bring in any definite 
resolutions but rather a "consensus of opinion" by the moderators. 

Among the things that irked the Communists was a statement 
by Malcolm P. Sharp of the University of Chicago. In the past he 
has cooperated with such Communist fronts as the International 
Juridical Association, the American League Against War and Fascism, 
the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, the Civil Rights 
Congress in its defense of the Communist Party, the National Lawyers 
Guild, Consumers Union, Midwest Committee for the Protection of 
Foreign Born, Communist Club of the University of Chicago, Mem- 
orial Day Youth Peace Parade, Lawyers Committee on American 
Relations With Spain, and has signed a number of statements against 
punitive measures directed at the Communist Party. However, 
now he had the temerity to trod o1^ the beaten Red path to the extent 
that he put the blame for the cold war on both the U. S. S. R. and the 
United States. 

To avoid any outright criticism of the Soviet Union by name, 
which would not be well received in Moscow, the original draft of 
the conference appeal had declared: 

We at the Mid-Century have differing views on how the cold war came about. 
We have differing judgments on many of the policies of our own Government, 
and other governments. 

To the embarrassment of the Communists, the conferees got out of 
hand at this point and insisted upon the adoption of what Starobin 
characterized as a "completely contradictory" addition. It read: 

While we, the American people, have special responsibility to change the 
policies of the American government which are continuing the cold war, we 
assert that the Russian people have the same responsibility with respect to their 
own government. 



THE COMMIINnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 61 

Mr. Starobin rushed to explain to his Soviet superiors through the 
columns of the Worker: "This came at a moment when the Confer- 
ence was passing through its major crisis," when indeed issues were 
raised "which could have split the gathering wide open." 

Satisfied that the net result of the conference would be to exert 
pressure upon the American Government and public, the Communists 
swallowed this bitter pill and avoided a split among the delegates. 
As a matter of record, Bernard Minter of the United Furniture 
Workers, who had on a number of occasions defended Communists 
under indictment, rose to present the Communist dissent. He 
declared that Soviet policies have not made the cold war. 

Despite this conflict, the harvest of anti-U. S. sentiment at the 
conference was sufficient to satisfy Communist purposes. Willard 
Uphaus, executive director of the conference, charged during the 
proceedings that the United States had encircled Russia with bases 
from which bombers could destroy her. He added, "We have used 
our armed might and money to uphold Fascist regimes, mainly out 
of fear and hate of the Soviet." 

Philip Morrison, Cornell physicist, who has been active in defense 
of indicted Communist leaders and in defaming the FBI, blasted the 
Baruch plan for A-bomb control. According to Starobin, Alorrison 
"received an ovation for this searching criticism of the State Depart- 
ment's refusal to take up the challenge of the Soviet Union's atomic 
proposals," which, by the way, had received the approval of only the 
Soviet delegates and those of its satellites before the United Nations. 

The Communists also succeeded in promoting Communist Party 
propaganda far removed from the announced "peace" program of the 
conference. Thus, the Civil Rights Panel of the conference discussed 
the right to teach Marxism, the case of Communist Harry Bridges, 
and the trial of the 11 Communist leaders (which was compared by 
Clifford Durr, attorney m a number of Commmiist cases, to the 
crucifixion of Christ). It was declared m the panel that "the attack 
on the Communists is an attack on the civil liberties of all." 

The importance attached to the Mid-Century Conference by the 
Soviet Government is attested by the presence of representatives of 
Tass and Pravda, official Russian news agencies, and Radio Moscow. 
On June 3, 1950, the Moscow Soviet Home Service broadcast its 
reaction to the proceedings as follows: 

At the discussion which was held at the sessions of the four committees of the 
conference the representatives of various sections of the population trenchantly 
criticized the foreign policy of the ruling circles of the U. S. aimed at the con- 
tinuation of the armaments race and at the preparation for a war. Delegates 
from various states * * * spoke of the failure of the Marshall plan * * * 
Despite the attempts of several persons to smooth the discussion over in the 
committees * * * ^he recommendations adopted by these committees are 
in their essence a condemnation of that aggressive total diplomacy announced by 
Acheson * * * Numerous delegates protested in their speeches against the 
police terrorism from which the Communist Party of the U. S. suffers. 

A Communist Party directive, Plan of Work of National Com- 
mittee, Communist Party, U. S. A., July 15 to Labor Day, 1950, 
reproduced in appendix VIII, demanded that full support be given to 
activities projected at the Mid-Century Conference of Peace in 
Chicago. 

EXPLOITATION OF RELIGION IN THE "pEACe" CAMPAIGN 

J. Edgar Hoover has expressed "real apprehension" over the fact 
that "Communists are able to secure ministers of the gospel to promote 



62 THE COMMUNIST "PEiAC'E" OFFETSTSIVE 

their evil work and espouse a cause that is alien to the religion of 
Christ and Judaism." 

The Committee on Un-American Activities has observed with 
dismay the inordinately large proportion of clerics among the persons 
who are aiding and supporting the cm-rent Communist "peace" 
campaign in this country. 

Unquestionably, many of those who participated were not aware 
that they were thereby allying themselves with the Communists. 
Regardless of the innocence of their motives, however, the committee 
believes that these persons are rendering a serious disservice to their 
country and in this connection should be acquainted with the following 
facts. 

For years the Communist Party has made a deliberate effort to 
draw clergymen into its "peace" fronts, and achieved unusual success. 
In the early thirties the party established the American League 
Against War and Fascism, with Earl Browder, Communist Party 
secretary, as one of its vice presidents. In a moment of frankness, 
Browder admitted that "a large majority of the people in the American 
League are religious people" and that "a growing number of religious 
organizations have affiliated." The American League for Peace and 
Democracy, its successor organization, boasted at least 52 clergymen 
supporters, while the American Peace Mobilization, which picketed 
the White House during the Stalin-Hitler pact, had 56 clergymen 
associated with it. In 1946 the Communist "peace" front was the 
Win-the-Peace Committee, which attracted 12 religious sponsors out 
of 60. 

According to an official folder listing some of the signers of the 
current World Peace Appeal, 265 American clergymen or professional 
church workers were included in a total of 600 names. 

The World Peace Congress' magazine, In Defense of Peace, for 
January 1950, announced that a petition of the Committee for Peaceful 
Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact had been signed by 1,148 churchmen 
in the United States, including seven Protestant bishops, and sent to 
the United Nations. 

This success of the Communists in enlisting members of the clergy 
for their so-called "peace movement" is amazing in view of the frank 
contempt of Communists for religion as expressed by their foremost 
high priest, Lenin: "Any religious idea, any idea of a 'good God' 
* * * is an abominably nasty thing." It is all the more amazing 
in view of the subornation or suppression of the church in every coun- 
try under Communist control. 

The Communist Party, in seeking clerical support, cleverly exploits 
the intense yearning for peace among members of the clergy. 

This double-dealing strategy was mapped for the Communists long 
ago by Lenin. Lenin referred to persons such as the clergy as "bour- 
geois humbugs," who mislead the people "with fine words like justice, 
peace, national liberation, settling international conflicts by arbitra- 
tion, brotherhood of peoples, Uberty, reforms, democracy, universal 
suffrage, etc." Nevertheless, he declared, "they will sign whatever 
you wish," and he told his fellow party members "to take advantage 
of this sentiment." Declaring that "pacifism and the abstract preach- 
ment of peace" are merely means employed "to fool the working class," 
he insisted that the final solution of the world's problems lies in "civil 
war" and the "defeat of one's own [non-Communistl government." 



THE COMMUlSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 63 

This is the basic strategy of all Communists today in their "peace" 
drive. 

In this connection, it is noteworthy that the May 1950 issue of the 
World Peace Congress organ, In Defense of Peace, devoted an entire 
section to "Religion Against the Bomb." This section made sugges- 
tions for putting pressure on the "priesthood and ministry, whose 
help in the gathering of signatures must be asked for by the local 
Committees of Defenders of Peace." 

Why are the Communists so anxious to get church leaders into their 
subversive schemes? Because Communists have learned that religious 
endorsements of their projects act as a magnet on hosts of other persons 
who would otherwise hesitate to lend their support. It is no coin- 
cidence, therefore, that, whenever Communists obtain dupes from the 
religious field, such support is immediately publicized by the Com- 
munists with the loudest fanfare. 

This is graphically illustrated by the experience of the Rev. Dr. A. J. 
Wilson, editor-in-chief of the United Church Observer in Toronto, 
Canada. According to its August 15, 1950 issue, he had signed the 
*'peace" petition in good faith. Thereafter, he wrote, "My picture 
was published under a six-column banner heading in the Toronto 
Communist paper, the Canadian Tribune. This demonstrated a close 
tie-up between the sponsors of the petition and the Communists." 

He added that he was publishing the exchange of correspondence 
"to warn ministers and members of the church what they may expect 
if their passion for peace should lead them, as it led us, to sign the 
peace petition, which is widely circulated and has come to be known 
as the 'Stockholm Appeal.' " 

The following headlines from the Daily Worker, official organ of the 
Communist Party, are a few glaring examples of how the Communists 
are capitalizing on "religion" for their "peace" campaign: 

"Church Parley Balks at Atlantic Pact," March 11, 1949, page 2, and March 
14, 1949, page 7. 

"55 Negro Churchmen Urge Rejection of Atlantic Pact," June 28, 1949, page 2. 

"Clergymen Call Parley on Arms Bill," August 17, 1949, page 5. 

"Springfield Clergy Back 'Peace Sunday', " April 6, 1950, page 2. 

"Four Religious Leaders Will Lobby for Ban on H-Bomb," April 17, 1950, page 3. 

"Czech Churches Appeal to World Christians— 140,000 CathoUcs Join in Plea 
for Support of Stockholm A-Bomb Ban," July 23, 1950, page 8. 

"Northwest Church Meet Asks Bomb Ban," July 11, 1950, page 4, 

"In Tacoma recently the seventy-seventh annual convention of the Methodist 
Church unanimously called for outlawing the A-bomb," July 11, 1950, page 4. 

"New England Methodists Denounce H-Bomb," June 12, 1950, page 3. 

"Church Synod Urges Talks with USSR— Northern EvangeUcal and Reformed 
Leaders Assail H-Bomb," June 8, 1950, page 3. 

"N. Y. Methodist Parley Asks A-Ban," May 22, 1950, page 4. 

"Peace Bid Urged by 1,000 at W. Va. Methodist Meet," June 14, 1950, page 3. 

"Truman's War Speech and Quakers' Peace Plea," by Rob F. Hall, December 
28, 1949, page 7. 

"Quakers Ask U. S. 'Go Beyond Baruch Plan' to Achieve Peace," by Rob F. 
Hall, February 21, 1950, page 3. 

"Quaker Group Urges End to Arms Race," June 2, 1950, page 3. 

"Quakers Warn of Hysteria on Korea," July 5, 1950, page 4. 

"17 Church Groups Ask A-Bomb Ban," May 15, 1950, page 3. 

On May 24, 1950, page 1, the Daily Worker announced that — • 

The president of the General Alliance of Unitarian and other Liberal Christian 
Church Women denounced witch hunting in our country and the hydrogen bomb 
as "completely diabolical" threats to the security of the United States and the 
entire world. May 24, 1950, page 1. 



NATIONAL LABOR CONFERENCE FOR PEACE 

The Communists' "peace" campaign in the United States also 
made special efforts to drum up support in the vital field of American 
labor. In this phase of the campaign, Communist-controlled' unions 
and Communist labor figures played an important role. With their 
aid, a new, Nation-wide "peace" front was organized — the National 
Labor Conference for Peace. 

Several Communist propaganda moves which occurred in different 
parts of the country but were timed on the same day — April 13, 1949 — 
served to pave the way for the formation of this new front. These 
were heralded in blazing headlines in the Communist Daily Worker 
the following day. One of these preliminary moves was the announce- 
ment by one Bernard V. McGroarty of Cleveland that he had sent 
letters to trade-union leaders thi'oughout the country urging a fight 
against the North Atlantic defense pact. McGroarty also announced 
that he and 15 other mid western trade-unionists had sent a letter to 
President Truman opposing the pact on April 12. 

This action was interpreted by the Daily Worker as being a "grass- 
roots" labor campaign against the Atlantic pact. It referred to the 
16 signers of the letter to the President as "prominent" union leaders. 

Actually the signers were obscure officials of a few scattered local 
unions in Ohio; there was not one official of any international union. 

Mr. McGroarty, who was listed as a member of the Stereotypers 
Union of Cleveland, is on record as having defended numerous Com- 
munist leaders who have run afoul of the law. When he died in 
May 1950, McGroarty was mourned by the topmost Communist 
leaders. He never proclaimed himself publicly as a member of the 
Communist Party, but he endorsed its official publication, the Daily 
Worker, and was the object of lavish praise by that publication on a 
number of occasions. 

The 15 other unionists who signed the letter were: 

George Kavanas, president, UMW Local 51, Wheeling, W. Va, 

Nick Gordon, president, UMW Local 6233, Benwood, W. Va. 

Harold Woods, president, UMW Local 4472, Yorkville, Ohio. 

Frank Sicha, president, UMW Local 284, Martins Ferry, Ohio. 

Clyde Hinckley, financial secretary, UAW-AFL Local 797, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Joseph D. Ross, secretary, AFL Blacksmiths Local 641, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Sam Bossin, president, AFL Painters Local 867, Cleveland, Ohio. 

H. C. Glover, vice president. Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, Lodge 2100, 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Oscar Dennis, president, CIO Mine- Mill Local 735. 
Joseph A. Chick, president, Mine- Mill Local 715, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Joseph Sheetz, president, UE-CIO Local 758, Mansfield, Ohio. 
Charles Marcum, president, UE-CIO Local 732, Sycamore, Ohio. 
Ignatius Monachino, president, UE-CIO Local 735, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Charles Beckman, president, UAW-CIO Local 45 (Fisher Body), Cleveland, Ohio. 

The other propaganda move, wliich received widespread pubficity 
in the Daily Worker, was the insertion of a paid advertisement in 
The New York Times of April 13, 1949, under the heading "Labor 
64 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 65 

Wants Peace Talks, Not a Pact for War." ^ The advertisement 
carried typical Communist propaganda against the Atlantic pact and 
named as its endorsers 267 alleged "New York labor leaders." 

These included the following whose Communist Party affiliation has 
been made a matter of public record: Ben Gold, president, Interna- 
tional Fur and Leather Workers Union; Max Perlow, international 
secretary-treasurer, International Furniture Workers Union; Arthur 
Osman, president, Independent Wholesale and Warehouse Local 65; 
and John Steuben, secretary-treasurer, AFL Hotel Front Service 
Local 144. Endorser William Michelson, president. Independent De- 
partment Store Union, Local 2, has refused to affirm or deny Com- 
munist Party membership under oath. Isidore Rosenberg, manager, 
CIO Shoe Council, had endorsed the Communist Party program on 
November 6, 1933. Frank Dutto, president, AFL Bakers Local 1; 
Ben Gold; and Joseph P. Selly, president, American Communications 
Workers, had been the subject of punitive procedure by State or 
national labor bodies because of their Communist records. 

The Daily Worker frankly admitted that the foregoing efforts were 
preliminaries to the National Labor Conference for Peace, the gather- 
ing that was to formally initiate the front organization of the same 
name. 

Various issues of the Daily Worker described how authority to call 
a National Labor Conference for Peace was "given" by Bernard 
McGroarty to a "visiting delegation of Illinois trade-unionists," at 
a luncheon meeting in Cleveland, in June 1949. 

An arrangements committee for the conference was subsequently 
formed with the following officers: Bernard McGroarty, honorary 
chairman; Samuel Curry, chairman; Thomas Slater, a carpenter and 
an active defender of Communist leaders on trial, vice chairman; 
Sven Anderson, vice president of Local 453, United, Auto Workers, 
as secretary; and James Wishart, of the Progressive Citizens of 
America as well as educational director of the Communist-controlled 
Fur Workers District Council, as executive secretary. 

Headquarters were established at suite 905, 179 West Washington 
Street, Chicago, 111. 

In its progress reports, the Daily Worker stated that "organizing 
committees" for the conference were functioning in more than "36 
key industrial areas." 

In July the arrangements committee announced that the National 
Labor Conference for Peace would be held in Chicago on October 1 
and 2, 1949.^ At the same time, the committee boasted that it had 
initiated a letter of protest against the Atlantic pact which would 
be sent to every member of the United States Senate. The committee 
claimed that it had obtained signatures to the letter by 1,500 local 
union officers. 

Sam Curry, as chairman of the conference arrangements committee, 
issued a press release on August 9, 1949, "on behalf of thousands of 
local union leaders" urging defeat of the military assistance program. 
Curry is the president of Local 347 of the United Packinghouse 
Workers in Chicago. 

Also, prior to the National Labor Conference for Peace, the arrange- 
ments committee selected John T. Bernard as its delegate to the 

• See appendix XIII to this report for the full contents of this advertisement. 
' See appendix XIV to this report for the official conference "Call." 



66 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

American Continental Congress for Peace, held in Mexico City 
September 5 to 10, 1949. Air. Bernard's voluminous record of Com- 
munist-front affiliations is contained in a report of the Special Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities dated March 29, 1944. Testifying 
before the Washington State Joint Legislative Fact-Finding Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities on January 27, 1948, Louis F. 
Budenz, former managing editor of the Daily Worker, revealed that 
an assignment of John T. Bernard to work in the International 
Workers Order had been discussed at Communist Party headquarters 
in Budenz' presence. Bernard has contributed frequently to the 
Communist press and has defended individual Communists on a 
number of occasions. 

On September 6, 1949, the forthcoming conference received the 
endorsement of George Morris, also known as Morris Yusem, promi- 
nent Communist labor columnist. The west coast Communist organ, 
the Daily People's World, carried an enthusiastic editorial of support 
of the conference. The article demonstrated that the conference 
had the official stamp of approval of the Communist Party. 

The World Federation of Trade Unions, which has been repudiated 
because of its Communist character by both the American Federation 
of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations, has been a 
bulwark of the Communists' worldwide "peace" campaign from its 
inception. The arrangements committee of the National Labor 
Conference for Peace revealed its close kinship with this federation 
by inviting delegates to the conference from international bodies 
affiliated with the World Federation of Trade Unions. John T. 
Bernard personally invited Vincent Lombard© Toledano, head of the 
Latin-American Federation of Labor, Toledano was prevented from 
attending, however, when he was denied a visa by the State Depart- 
ment because of his pro-Communist record. Also invited were repre- 
sentatives of World Federation of Trade Unions affiliates in France, 
Puerto Rico, Italy, Poland, and Cuba. Michael Quatrepointe, who 
planned to attend in behalf of the Communist-controlled General 
Confederation of Labor of France, was also denied a visa. 

Featured speakers when the conference finally got under way on 
October 1 and 2 included Henry A. Wallace and Paul Robeson. An 
added attraction was Merton Scott, national secretary of the peace 
board of the Five Years Meeting of Friends, a Quaker organization. 
Other speakers included Fred Stover, president of the Iowa Farmers 
Union, who was also originally scheduled to speak for the Mid- 
Century Conference for Peace and who was withdrawn as too con- 
troversial; Ewart Guinier, international secretary-treasurer of the 
United Public Workers, which has been expelled from the CIO, and 
Vito Marcantonio. 

An alleged 1,245 delegates attended the National Labor Conference 
for Peace. They adopted resolutions urging immediate U. S.- 
U. S. S. R. conferences, the outlawing of atomic bombs, the destruction 
of existing stockpiles, trade with Communist-dominated areas, and 
the like. 

In a keynote letter to the conference, Bernard McGroarty, who was 
unable to attend because of illness, called for the defeat of the "war- 
mongers" and declared that "This National Labor Conference for 
Peace can be the firm fist that will hurry that defeat." This was, of 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 67 

course, merely a paraphrase of the Communist slogan "Defeat your 
own government." 

Another featured speaker was Tom Fitzpatrick, of the United 
Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of Pittsburgh, who has been 
identified as a Communist before the Committee on Un-American 
Activities and who has refused under oath to affirm or deny his party 
membership. Another speaker was Halois Moorehead, business 
agent of the AFL Building Service Employees in New York, who 
signed a nominating petition for Benjamin J. Davis, Communist 
candidate for councilman in that city. In her speech at the confer- 
ence, Miss Moorehead defended the right of the Communist Party 
to exist as a legal political party and denounced the court proceedings 
against 11 Communist leaders as a "heresy trial at Foley Square." 

The National Labor Conference for Peace claimed it spoke in 
behalf of all labor. The effrontery of this is demonstrated by com- 
paring the position of this organization and that of loyal organized 
labor. In October 1949 the executive council of the American 
Federation of Labor declared its firm support of the North Atlantic 
defense pact and pointed out that it was "essential" in view of the 
"proximity to the Communist Empu'e and Communist concentration 
on production for war [whichl brings aU Europe under the shadow of 
a great fear." The CIO on March 20, 1949, announced that "The 
European recovery program has had the CIO's unwavermg support 
from its inception," 

It was decided at the Chicago conference to hold a future meeting 
in Washington, D. C, from which "a million signatures against the 
cold war" were to be presented to President Truman and Members of 
Congi-ess. Bernard V. McGroarty was elected honorary chau-man of 
the conference. 

The conference received cordial gi-eetings from the following 
Communist-led labor organizations: Soviet Trade Union Council, 
World Federation of Trade Unions, All-Chuia Federation of Labor, 
Polish Central Trade Union Council, Latin-American Federation of 
Labor, Philippme Congress of Labor Organizations. An editorial in 
the Worker for October 9, 1949, called the conference "a magnificent 
begmning." 

Carl Ross, district secretary of the Communist Party of Minnesota, 
and Joseph Brandt, labor secretary of the Communist Party of Ohio, 
summed up the achievements of the conference in an article in the 
Daily Worker of October 7, 1949. They pointed out that "26 States 
and most major industrial centers were represented," the largest 
delegation outside of Chicago being from Detroit, with a large west 
coast delegation from the maritime industry. The intent of the 
conference to obstruct our national defense progi-am was implied by 
the authors when they hailed the "new opportunities for massing the 
strength of labor against the fomenters of the cold war and the 
preparations for World War III." 

On a number of occasions the "peace movement" in the United 
States had been criticized by Communist spokesmen abroad for 
failure to pay sufficient attention to the enlistment of labor forces. 
In answer to this criticism, the afore-mentioned Ross and Brandt 
pointed out that the conference "began to fill in a missing link in the 
chain of a world peace front" and "began to answer the question 



68 THE COMMUNTIST "PElAC'E" OFFENSIVE 

foremost among trade-unionists the world over of whether American 
workers would raise their voices for peace." 

In a policy-making directive in the Daily Worker of March 23, 1950, 
John Williamson, national labor secretary of the Communist Party, 
specified that Communists should "help build the Labor Peace 
Conference." He declared that "this is not a Communist organiza- 
tion," yet nevertheless authoritatively outlined the tasks of the 
organization. He pointedly remarked that a "slow-down spirit has 
been rising in the shops and factories and offices" since President 
Truman gave the order for the production of the hydrogen bomb. 

Another directive, Plan of Work of National Committee, Commu- 
nist Party, U. S. A., July 15 to Labor Day, 1950, which is reproduced 
in appendix VIII, sets forth, among other things, the tasks of Com- 
munists in connection with the Labor Conference for Peace. 

It called for the organization of a "well-functioning" Labor Confer- 
ence for Peace in at least 30 cities throughout the country, with peace 
committees in shops and local unions in those cities. 

The proceedings of the National Labor Conference were held under 
the supervision of an emmissary from the Soviet Union, A. Lavrenyov, 
who ostensibly attended as a correspondent of New Times, published 
in Moscow. He wrote a full description of the conference in New 
Times for November 16, 1949, commenting that "The preparatory 
work was very well organized." Pie said that statements of delegates 
from Pittsburgh, Chicago, the Great Lakes, California, the Atlantic 
and Pacific coasts "spoke against Washington's aggressive policy." 
Delegate Work, of the Detroit Ford plant, for example, pledged that 
the workers of America will refuse to turn out war weapons, he 
reported. Christine Walker, according to Lavrenyov, said at the 
conference that "The young people of America will never go to war 
against the Soviet Union." Since it is standard Communist policy 
to penetrate the "vital parts" of America's defense apparatus, he 
voiced his gratification that a national committee which was elected 
by the conference included representatives of workers in the steel, 
copper-smelting, automobile, electrical, food, and other industries. 

Subsequent to the National Labor Conference in Chicago, subsidiary 
bodies of a similar nature were established in various industrial centers 
throughout the country through the tour of Frieda Schwenkmeyer, its 
administrative secretary. She was formerly active in the American 
League for Peace and Democracy, an earlier Communist peace front. 
Her itinerary, which was described in the Daily Worker of June 30, 
1950, will give some idea of the extent of her operations: Jul}^ 5 tlii^ough 
9, Los Angeles; July 11-14, San Francisco; July 17, Tacoma, Wash.; 
July 18, Seattle; July 21, Salt Lake City; July 22, Denver; July 24, 
Omaha; August 8, vSouth Bend, Ind.; August 3, Fort Wayne, Ind.; 
August 4, Detroit; August 5-11, Ohio; August 21-22, Milwaulvce and 
Madison; August 23-26, Minnesota. In each case, the basis was laid 
for a local branch of the National Labor Conference for Peace. 

Thereafter, the locals,' together with the national office of the 
National Labor Conference for Peace, waged an incessant propaganda 
campaign in behalf of the Soviet Union. Their media was the mass 
meeting, leaflet, and open letter. With the inauguration of the 
Stockholm Peace Petition in March 1950, the National Labor Confer- 
ence began feverishly to collect signatures to this fraudulent document. 

> See appendix XV for description of activities of Ohio Labor Conference for Peace. 



THE COMMUOTST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 69 

On June 14, 1950, 30 delegates of the conference presented to the 
United Nations a scroll carrying 150,000 signatures to the peace 
petition. 

On May 2, 1950, the Daily Worker announced that a New York 
chapter of the National Labor Conference for Peace had been formed, 
with temporary headquarters at 80 East Eleventh Street, a building 
devoted to numerous Communist enterprises. The New York 
organization appointed Marcel Scherer as full-time coordinator. The 
record of this man shows that he is well suited for this role. 

MARCEL SCHERER 

Mr. Scherer is a Moscow-trained, technically skilled operative of the 
Communist Party. When asked by the Committee on Un-American 
Activities on June 21, 1950, whether he had received training in the 
Lenin Institute in Moscow, he declined to answer on grounds of self- 
incrimination although previous testimony by former students of this 
institute and former Communists had established this fact. On 
November 30, 1939, William Odell Nowell, a former Lenin School 
student, testified as follows before the Special Committee on Un- 
American Activities on the character of training at the school: 

Mr. Nowell. We were given regular military training * * *^ W^e j^ad 
target practice, the science of civil warfare, revolutionary uprising * * * the 
conspiratory type of warfare — how to develop a general strike out of a local 
strike; how to develop a general strike into a city uprising, a city uprising into a 
national uprising * * *_ 

Mr. Starnes. Were you taught to concentrate particularly on utilities and 
munitions plants, or anything to that effect? 

Mr. Nowell. The food supply, the warehouses, the utilities, that is, water 
and lights, gas, and all those things; the communications, that is, the railways 
entering the city, the streetcar service, telephone service, and telegraph * * *, 

Mr. Starnes. Were you given any instructions in sabotage? 

Mr. Nowell. Sabotage; how to wreck trains, at this point closing down 
factories, facilitating discontent to raise the mob spirit * * * and various 
acts of sabotage. * * * Also the general method of derailing a train and 
destroying its cargo ♦ * *. 

We were given instruction in code, how to decipher codes, and shown the possi- 
bilities of working out our own code. 

Although a candidate for New York City alderman on the Commu- 
nist Party ticket in 1931 and identified as a charter member of the party 
by former fellow members in sworn testimony, Mr. Scherer has refused 
to affirm or deny his party membership on grounds of self- 
incrimination. 

Marcel Scherer was one of the founders, an international vice 
president, and national organization director of the Federation of 
Architects, Chemists, and Technicians, which had established units 
in the numerous important navy yards and such strategic plants as 
Westinghouse Electric, General Electric, Radio Corp. of America, 
Sperry Gyroscope, Douglas Aircraft, Vultee Aircraft, Glenn L. 
Martin Aircraft, New York Shipbuilding Corp., Betid ehem Steel, 
Brill Car Co., Baldwin Locomotive Works, American Bridge Co., 
Jones & Laughlin, and the Universal Oil Products Co. This union 
was identified as one in which Communist leadership was "strongly 
entrenched" in a report by the Special Committee on Un-American 
Activities on March 29, 1944. On September 30, 1939, Joseph. 
Zack (Kornfeder), former trade-union director of the Communist 
Party, had testified that this organization was controlled by the party. 



70 THE COMMUNIST " PEACE " OFFENSIVE; 

Subsequently, from 1944 to 1947, Scherer was business manager of 
Local 1227 of the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers, 
international representative and later educational director of District 
4 of the UE. The UE has since been expelled from the CIO because 
of its Communist character. 

Mr. Scherer admitted under oath that the FAECT under his 
direction had been active in organizing a local at the radiation labora- 
tory of the University of California in 1942 or 1943, which was 
engaged in work on the atomic bomb. His local was also active in 
organizing the Shell Development Co., Shell Oil Co., and the Shell 
Chemical Co., all engaged in important war work at the time. 

In sworn testimony by Paul Crouch, former Communist Party 
organizer in California, Scherer was identified as the national head of 
the party's work among chemists, scientists, and technicians. 

"peace" riot 

That there is nothing peaceful about the Communist "peace move- 
ment" was demonstrated on August 2, 1950, when 2,000 demonstrators 
staged a full-fledged riot in Union Square in New York City under the 
auspices of the New York Labor Conference for Peace. The riot 
stemmed from defiance of a police ban against a meeting of the labor 
conference. The demonstrators used their fists and feet, climbed 
electric-light poles, and created sufficient disorder to necessitate the 
calling out of a thousand policemen who made 14 arrests. The riot 
was applauded by the Moscow radio on August 2, 1950, and by the 
New York State Communist Party, which paid tribute to the "courage 
of the thousands of demonstrators, and their ability to carry forward 
their action in the face of police provocation and attacks." Un- 
questionably this W£is merely a rehearsal for similar riotous manifesta- 
tions. The Communist statement pointed out that this demonstration 
was directed toward "compelling the seating of the representatives" 
of the Chinese Communist Government in the UN and to "compel a 
speedy adoption" of the Soviet proposals for settling the Korean War. 



THE "PEACE" CAMPAIGN DIRECTED AT WOMEN'S GROUPS 

The Communist "peace" offensive employed special organizations 
to attract women to its subversive cause. In the United States, this 
effort was channeled through the Congress of American Women and 
local women's committees for peace in various cities. 

The Congress of American Women is a Communist-front organiza- 
tion created in 1946 as a branch of the Women's International Demo- 
cratic Federation, an international Communist front for women. The 
active collaboration of both organizations with the World Peace 
Congress already has been made the subject of an extensive report by 
the Committee on Un-American Activities dated October 23, 1949. 

Women in the United States who have played a prominent part in 
the Communist "peace" offensive include Freda Kirchwey and Ella 
Winter, who attended the Wroclaw conference, first in the long series 
of so-called world "peace" congresses. American women who spon- 
sored but did not attend this congress included: Catherine Corwin, 
Leta Cromwell, Florence Davidson, Virginia Durr, Edita Morris, and 
Mrs. Jack Paradise. 

Eighty-four American women sponsored the Scientific and Cultural 
Conference for World Peace, held in New York March 25-27, 1949. 
(See appendix II.) 

Sponsors of the Paris World Peace Congress of April 1949 included 
the following: Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Muriel Draper, Shirley 
Graham, Ada B. Jackson, Maud Russell, Rose Russell, Maud Slye, 
Mary Van Kleeck, Gene Weltfish, Ella Winter, Elinor Gimbel, and 
Nym Wales. Most of these sponsors were also associated with the 
Congress of American Women and/or its parent body, the Women's 
International Democratic Federation. 

Alineola Ingersoll was an official delegate from the Congress of 
American Women to the Paris "peace" congress; Ella Winter, active 
in the WIDE, was listed among the officers of the Paris congress; and 
Gene Weltfish, first president of the Congress of American Women, 
was elected a member of the permanent committee of the World 
Peace Congress. 

The Women's International Democratic Federation had joined in 
issuing the call for the World Peace Congress, held in Paris in April 
1949. The manifesto of the WorM Peace Congress played adroitly 
upon women's hatred of war- in order to serve the interests of Soviet 
designs for aggression: 

The women, the mothers who bring hope to the world, should know that we 
consider it our sacred duty to defend the lives of their children and the security 
of their homes. 

The Women's Federation had already adopted its own "peace" 
manifesto at its second congress in Budapest in December 1948. 
The organization frankly stated at the time that it intended to follow 
the lead of the Soviet Union, "the only country truly working for 
peace" against the "vile actions" of the "imperialist warmongers." 

71 



72 THE COMMUNIST "PE^C'E" OFFENSIVE! 

The manifesto identified the "warmongers" as the United States and 
Great Britain. 

The WIDF "peace" manifesto gave the following instructions: 

Women! 

It is our task to prevent our husbands, sons, and brothers from being dragged 
into a new war where they will become cannon fodder in the interest of adventurers 
and the owners of the atomic bomb. 

Overlooking the Soviet Union's interference in the affairs of its 
satellites, particularly in Korea and China, this "peace" manifesto 
exhorted "Women of the United States, Great Britain, France, 
Holland!": 

You must remember that a country which oppresses another cannot live in 
freedom. Urge your governments to withdraw their troops from Greece, China, 
Viet-Nam, Indonesia, Malaya, Burma, and South Korea, and halt all forms of 
interference in the domestic affairs of other nations. 

The "peace" manifesto called on the women of the Soviet Union to 
lead the women of the world: 

Women of the Soviet Union! 

Reinforce the strength of your motherland, stronghold of peace, remembering 
that the stronger your country grows, the more firm is the unity for peace. 

The "peace" manifesto also laid down a plan of action for organizing 
mass pressure on the democracies: 

Women throughout the world! 
Let all of us stand together to save the peace! 

Organize mass rallies, demonstrations, petitions, exposing the criminal plans 
of the aggressors and proclaiming loudly our demand for peace. 

What results can stem from an appeal such as this was clearly- 
demonstrated in Brazil in August of 1949. According to a radio 
broadcast from Latin America on August 18, 1949, the police of Rio 
de Janeiro discovered a Communist plot calling — 

for women and children to be strategically planted outside and around the so-called 
congresses of the Partisans of Peace, thus making it more difficult for the police 
to break up the meetings, while at the same time peace and order would be 
disrupted. 

This plan came to light when Rio de Janeiro police broke up a 
meeting of a Communist session known as the absolute tribunal, 
where they seized a manifesto giving instructions for steps to be taken 
at the outbreak of a revolutionary movement. This manifesto 
included a — 

scheme to establish feminine brigades, to be composed of well-trained women. 
The task assigned to these women would be to spearhead the assault. 

Claudia Jones, a leading woman Communist in the United States 
and member of the Congress of American Women, boosted the 
Women's International Democratic Federation in the Worker of 
March 12, 1950. Women's aid in Communist-inspired efforts to 
sabotage arms shipments and otherwise promulgate the "peace" 
campaign was praised by her as being in line with WIDF directives: 

Part of the mounting campaign of French trade-unionists against their Govern- 
ment's part in the cold war * * * French women simultaneously stretched 
out on the tracks to prevent the train [carrying military tanks] from moving. 
In this action French women emulated African women who recently barricaded 
with their bodies imperialist attempts to take away their men who fight for better 
conditions. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 73 

In Eastern Germany over 5,000,000 women signed petitions to outlaw the A- 
bomb and for world disarmament. In Italy over 2,000,000 women led by the 
Union of Italian Women and its dynamic leader, Maria Maddelena Rossi [who 
has been a Communist Party deputy in the Italian Legislature] led similar 
struggles * * * _ 

In Britain, 25 women, some pushing carriages, holding their children by the 
hand, marched in London's suburbs on International Women's Day * * * 
[they] carried banners with the words "Ban Bombs." "Deliver Us From Evil" 
(page 1, mag.). 

On April 14, 1950, the Moscow radio, in its Soviet Home Service 
broadcast, announced: 

The International Democratic Women's Federation on behalf of 60,000,000 
women workers in various countries has proclaimed that it supports the appeal 
of the Peace Partisan Permanent^Comraittee * * *_ Womenare now collect- 
ing signatures for this appeal. 

!-• The Daily Worker announced on July 7, 1950, in a special bulletin 
from Paris, that the Women's International Democratic Federation 
had formally protested by cable to Secretary General Trygve Lie 
of the United Nations against the Security Council's decision uphold- 
ing the United States' military interventions "against Korea." 
This is a typical Communist distortion of the fact that the United 
States went to the assistance of free South Korea after it had been 
invaded by aggressors from Communist North Korea. The federa- 
tion sent a similar cable of protest to President Truman. 

The Congress of American Women held a convention in New 
York, May 6 to 8, 1949, w^hich was utilized as a convenient platform 
from which to espouse the "peace" offensive. This meeting was 
hailed by the Cominform, formerly known as the Communist Inter- 
national, in its official publication, For a Lasting Peace, for a People's 
Democracy, as follows: 

Consolidating Forces op Democracy Against Imperialism 

The national convention of the American Women's Congress held in New York 
at the beginning of the month adopted the congress rules and a program in defense 
of peace and democratic rights embodying the main aims of the World Federation 
of Democratic Women to which the congress is affiliated. 

The convention pointed out that in view of the war danger fomented by the 
American monopolists, American women bore a special responsibility. It stressed 
the need to mobilize the broadest sections of women to fight for peace. The con- 
vention demanded that the atom bomb should be outlawed * * * and that 
the Atlantic pact be annulled. * 

Elizabeth Moos, an active member of the Communist Party, and 
now executive director of its Peace Information Center, previously 
described in this report, and Mmeola Ingersoll, the CAW representa- 
tive to the World Peace Congress in Paris, reported to the convention 
on the Paris peace conference. Miss Ingersoll told the CAW dele- 
gates that "72 nations, representing 600,000,000 people, are for peace. 
And the threat of war comes from our Nation — America." 

The CAW convention "recognized" that "the source of war" 
stemmed "from the present foreign policy of the administration," 
and was "reflected in such designs for destruction as the Atlantic war 
pact." 

The convention "boldly challenged" the "barrage of war propa- 
ganda" they said was directed by the United States against the 
Soviet Union, and passed a resolution demanding that the Atlantic 

> For a Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy, May 15, 1949, p. 1. 
76512—51 6 



74 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE; 

pact be rejected. Flouting the authority of the American Government, 
and going over its head, the CAW prepared a "petition for peace and 
international unity" for presentation to the United Nations, as the 
organization's first public act under its new set-up. 

The Communists attempted to convert women in the United States 
to their "peace" program not only through previously established front 
organizations for women but also through new committees formed for 
that specific purpose. 

One of the earliest of these groups to be established was the Minute 
Women for Peace, which was discussed and praised in the Worker in 
March 1950, by Claudia Jones. This Communist leader described how 
the Minute Women for Peace had launched a "peace ballot" 
distributed in and around Greater Boston. According to Claudia 
Jones — 

ballots are addressed to the UN and urge: "Save the Peace, Outlaw the A-Bomb." 
The slogans "Halt Production of the H-Bomb," and "Negotiate with the Soviet 
Union to Outlaw Atomic Weapons" are the key slogans of women in the U. S. A. 
who observe International Women's Day (March 8) in united front meetings in 
50 cities * * *_ Since then, these Minute Women for Peace have created a 
permanent organization. They plan a peace rally this month and will visit UN 
to add their protests against the war threat of American imperialism to the 
multitudinous voices of anti-Fascist women around the world, united in the 
Women's International Democratic Federation * * * (Worker, March 12, 
1950, p. 1, mag.). 

On April 21, 1950, the Daily Worker reported that a Minute 
Women for Peace delegation on the previous day had presented 7,000 
"peace ballots," together with a statement urging outlawing of atom 
bombs, to J. B. Orrick, who represented UN Secretary General 
Trygve Lie. 

"An all-day women's peace conference" in Boston on June 25, 1950, 
was sponsored by the Minute Women for Peace. The conference 
unanimously went on record in support of the Stockholm World Peace 
Appeal. A telegram of greetings from the Women's International 
Democratic Federation was read. "Your fight for peace," the tele- 
gram said, "is linked with 81,000,000 women united in a world-wide 
fight to ban atomic war." The conference also adopted recommenda- 
tions to collect 20,000 "peace" petitions and decided to send a delegate 
to the Second World Peace Congress to be held in the fall of 1950. 

An article from the Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News in 
August 1950 showed the close link between the Communist Party 
and the Minute Women for Peace: 

Red Leader Is Very Happy About the Minute Women: Says They're on 
Our Side — Sidney Lipshires, Area Communist Secretary, Pleased at 
Support Here for Stockholm Peace Petition, Generally Viewed as 

Kremlin Smoke Screen 

Sidney Lipshires, secretary of the Communist Party of Western Massachusetts, 
allowed today that the party has an excellent ally in the Springfield-Chicopee 
Minute Women for Peace — an organization which came out strongly last night 
for the Communist-inspired Stockholm peace pledge. 

Later the Springfield Daily News reported: 

* * * the Springfield-Chicopee Minute Women for Peace are going to lose 
their president, Mrs. Clyde Dorr, * * * j^^ ^g^g learned today. 

Mrs. Dorr, who was not available, will resign as soon as possiljle, her husband 
said this morning. 

"She is fed up with the entire thing," he said. 



THE COMMUlSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 75 

On April 23, 1950, the Worker ran a feature story on the Committee 
of Philadelphia Women for Peace, another in the chain of Commmiist- 
inspired women's "peace" groups. The article quoted a communica- 
tion from the Philadelphia Committee, to the Chilean Communist 
poet, Pablo Neruda, who has been exiled from Chile as a result of his 
Communist activities. The committee claimed its communication 
was ^vritten at "noon, April 12, 1950 * * * the day and the 
hour that President Truman, architect of 'peace through war,' is 
welcoming the President of your country, Gonzalez Videla, at the 
airport at Washington for a 3-week visit." The communication called 
the President of the United States and the President of Chile "two 
Judases." 

The Committee of Philadelphia Women for Peace was organized 
in February 1950, to circulate a so-called "Ballot for Peace," which 
demanded that the H-bomb be outlawed and was addressed to Presi- 
dent Truman. Among those present at a "peace rally" of the Com- 
mittee of Philadelphia Women for Peace marking International 
Women's Day were Ada Jackson and Thelma Dale, who have been 
vice presidents of the Congress of American Women and delegates to 
congresses of the Women's International Democratic Federation. 
Thelma Dale has been a member of the New York State Committee 
of the Communist Party. 

In conjunction with a local Labor Peace Committee, the Committee 
of Philadelphia Women for Peace sponsored a rally on April 24, 1950. 
This rally endorsed plans to picket the Federal Building in Philadel- 
phia to "protest U. S. war policies." A "demand to halt the ship- 
ment of arms and munitions to European countries" was another 
major issue in this demonstration. The rally heard Eslanda Goode 
Robeson, wife of Paul Robeson, report on the "peace activities" of 
women in Europe, China, and Africa: 

Women abroad, she reported, have organized daily picket lines around war 
ministry buildings, and have joined with labor organizations in picketing ships 
unloading arms sent from the United States (Daily Worker, April 25, 1950, p. 3). 

On August 8, 1950, 1,000 women arrived in Washington, D. C. as 
a "peace delegation" to demand that President Truman "agree to 
mediation of the Korean conflict and halt the danger of a new world 
war." These women were organized by a group known as the "Ameri- 
can Women for Peace," and supported by such groups as the Women's 
Division of the American Slav Congress, and the Progressive Party, 
both Communist-controlled, and the Minute Women for Peace. 
This delegation also demanded that "neither the atom nor the hj'-dro- 
gen bomb ever be used by the U. S. Government." The women milled 
around the White House and the halls of Congress all day, although 
most of the Congressmen refused to see them. The delegation 
received continous publicity in the Daily Worker, climaxed by a 
tremendous headline and the lead story in the issue of August 9, 1950. 

The American Women for Peace acted as an advance wave to estab- 
lish a beachhead for other left-wing organizations scheduled to descend 
on Washington in observance of a Communist-declared "Peace 
Week." 

In support of their demonstration, the American Women for Peace 
mimeographed and disseminated a letter, dated August 4, 1950, and 
signed by Therese Lee Robinson, who was also a leader and one of the 
principal speakers at the American Peace Crusade rally at Turner's 



76 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Arena, March 15, 1951, in Washington, D. C, which was described 
on pages 51-53 of this report. One of the women was Mrs. Gertrude 
M. Evans, executive secretary of the Progressive Party of the District 
of Columbia; former manager of the Washington Book Shop, official 
outlet for Communist literature ; and supporter of the Stockholm Peace 
Pledge. 



THE **PEACE" CAMPAIGN STRATEGY FOR YOUTH AND 
STUDENTS 

The Communists have made strenuous effort to win students and 
youth to their spurious peace movement. They have channeled their 
efforts through two long-established Soviet-controlled international 
organizations, the World Federation of Democratic Youth (formed in 
1945) and the International Union of Students (formed in 1946). 
Both of these organizations speak identical lines of propaganda and 
stand together on all phases of Soviet foreign policy. Both have their 
affiliated organizations in the United States, which consequently have 
also been turned into instruments in the "peace" campaign. 

The World Federation of Democratic Youth, which has head- 
quarters at Paris, cooperated with other Communist-controlled organi- 
zations, such as the Women's International Democratic Federation 
and the World Federations of Trade Unions, in promoting the World 
Peace Congress. 

The officials of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, GuyMe 
Boysson, president, Herbert Williams, secretary, and Frances Damon 
(an American), treasurer, claim their organization speaks for 60,000,000 
youths in 74 different countries. Like most Communist claims, thisis 
fantastic. 

During recent years the World Federation of Democratic Youth has 
convened several international conferences for students and young 
people. In 1948, it held a South-East Asia Conference in Calcutta, 
and a La tin- American Conference in Mexico City. In all of these 
meetings "peace" was the major theme, but always with the Commu- 
nist interpretation; the Soviet Union was hailed as the champion of 
peace, while the United States was denounced as the imperialist 
aggressor. 

In the United States, the American Youth for a Free World, the 
affiliate of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, obediently 
executes the orders of its parent organization. Located at 144 
Bleecker Street, New York City, the AYFW has been the Commu- 
nist clearinghouse for international student and youth information. 
In 1949 its executive secretary was Doris Senk, and in 1950 it was 
Dorothy Gottlieb. Under the latter's signature, letters have been 
sent to members requesting them to be sponsors for the "peace" move- 
ment in the United States. In a circular letter dated May 1, 1950, the 
following appeal was made: "Will you help launch this campaign in 
the United States — add your signature to the World Peace Appeal as 
an initiating member?" 

American Youth for a Free World cooperated with the World 
Federation of Democratic Youth to promote the World Youth Festival 
which was held during August 14-28, 1949, in Budapest. The Com- 
munist press claimed that 10,000 persons from 80 different countries 
attended this mammoth demonstration, whose theme was "peace." An 
American delegation of 175 students, under the leadership of Sheppard 

77 



78 THE COMMUNIST "PElAC'E" OFFENSIVE; 

Thierman, executive officer of the Association of Internes and Medical 
Students, attended the festival in Budapest. When Thierman was 
dismissed by Kings County Hospital in New York City on loyalty 
charges, the Daily Worker rushed to defend him in a feature article. 

While traveling through France on the way to Budapest, some 
members of the American delegation joined in a Communist parade 
to celebrate Bastille Day. They marched under the banner, written 
in English and French: "Progressive American students fight for 
peace. They will be with the youth of the world at Budapest." 

Of the 10,000 young people attending the Budapest festival, 3,500 
were students. The festival sugar-coated its propaganda by means of 
motion pictures, parades, singing, speeches, sports, visits to univer- 
sities, and sightseeing tours. In their marching and singing, the 
young people were usually led by the Soviet delegation displaying a 
huge photograph of Joseph Stalin. Representatives of the Chinese 
Communist armies won prominent places and high honors in all the 
festivities. 

In closing ceremonies, delegates were subjected to tense emotional 
pressures, comparable to the great mass demonstration staged for the 
Nazi youth by Hitler. Under these circumstances the young people 
present were requested to take a pledge: 

* * * We, who have heard the call of the World Congress of the Defenders 
of Peace, * * * pledge to continue until final victory this sacred fight for 
peace and happiness. 

Subsequent to the World Youth Festival, the Moscow radio 
announced on September 1, 1949, that the "democratic youth of the 
world" had arrayed itself against "warmongers and imperialists." 
To exploit the occasion fully, the Communist propagandists made a 
film of the festival and released it in several countries. On July 9, 
1950, it had its premiere in New York at the Stanley Theater, which 
makes a specialty of Soviet films. 

Immediately after the conclusion of the Budapest festival, the Com- 
munist leaders planned another world youth demonstration. The 
Council of the International Union of Students met in Sofia, Bulgaria, 
during September 1949 and decided to stage a Second World Student 
Congress in Prague during 1950; the First World Student Congress 
was the 1946 gathering at which the lUS was formally created., This 
Second World Student Congress met August 14-28, 1950, in Prague, 

The International Union of Students claims a mem.bership of 3,900,- 
000 students in 60 dift'erent countries. In the United States, two 
Comm.unist-dominated organizations which work in support of the 
lUS are the Committee for International Student Cooperation and 
the Association of Internes and Medical Students. 

The Committee for International Student Cooperation, which 
claims to have been organized in 1948, has an office at 144 Bleecker 
Street, New York City — the same address as the headquarters for 
American Youth for a Free World. Executive secretary of the 
CISC is listed as Hortense Sie. 

While the Committee for International Student Cooperation does 
not claim actual affiliation with the International Union of Students, 
nevertheless the closeness of the two organizations is demonstrated by 
the fact that the lUS sent the CISC instructions to organize a United 
States youth delegation to the Second World Student Congress in 
Prague. The CISC promptly followed through with a party-line 



THE COMMUlSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 79 

propaganda campaign designed to induce support for, and delegates 
to, the congress. 

Other organizations and individuals supporting this Committee for 
International Student Cooperation inclucle: 

Student Council, NYU School of Education. 

National Student Association, NYU School of Education. 

Toby Bick, president, Psychological Club, Brooklyn College. 

Analole Beck, president, Math Club, Brooklyn College. 

Stan Aronowich, Philosophical Club, Brooklyn College. 

Joan Studer, cochairman, Conference on Democracy in Education, Queens College. 

Herb Gussack, associate editor. Crown, Queens College 

Phil SchefHer, president. Student Council, City College of N. Y. 

Beverly Eubin, vice president, Student Council, City College of N. Y. 

Norman INIorris, editor, senior Yearbook, NYU. 

The National Student Association, the principal student organi- 
zation in the United States, has refused full cooperation with the 
Communists in the Second World Student Congress. Because of this 
action, the Committee for International Student Cooperation accused 
the National Student Association of identifying itself with ''the cold- 
war policies of the U. S. State Department." 

Literature sent out by the Committee for International Student 
Cooperation, in promoting the Prague Youth Congress, gave full 
support to the Soviet peace movement and denounced the United 
States as an "imperialist aggressor." 

ASSOCIATION OF INTERNES AND MEDICAL STUDENTS 

The Association of Internes and Medical Students, which was 
organized in 1941 and has claimed a ro.embership of more than 2,000 
youths, was formally affiliated with the International Union of 
Students from 1946 until 1949. In fact, a delegation from the AIMS 
helped found the lUS at an initiating congress in Prague in 1946. 

The AIMS has long been a faithful follower of the Communist 
Party line, and its alleged disaffiliation with the lUS in December 
1949 was undoubtedly a ruse to answer criticism for "left wing" 
policies which had been voiced within the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. Despite its "disaffiliation" with the lUS, the AIAIS an- 
nounced at its December 1949 national convention that it would send 
delegates to the lUS Second World Student Congress in Prague in 
August 1950. One of these delegates was Chester Davis, whose 
speech at the convention is described subsequently in this report. 

As a build-up for its Prague Congress, the lUS on December 31, 
1949, sent a delegation of students to Moscow where it remained for 
20 days. The delegation, which included Halstead Holman of the 
United States, then sent a message by means of the lUS organ, World 
Student News, with the headline: "Let Us Speak the Truth about the 
Soviet Union." The truth, according to this student delegation, was 
that the Soviet Union is the "principal fighter for peace, democracy, 
independence, and equality among the nations of the world." 

PRAGUE CONGRESS 

On August 14, 1950, 1,000 students from 78 countries assembled at 
Prague for the Second World Student Congress, according to the 
Communist press. While the congress of students was in session, the 



80 THE COMMTJ]SriST "PElAC'E" OFFENSIVE 

presidium of the World Peace Congress was also meeting in Prague. 
The students attended a huge peace rally, which was addressed by 
such Communist leaders of the World Peace Congress as Professor 
Joloit-Curie of France and Ilya Ehrenburg of the U. S. S. K. The 
latter told the students that the United States was not dropping the 
atomic bomb in Korea for fear of the peace movement. 

A speech by the lUS general secretary, instructed the Youth Con- 
gress that "the chief task of all progressive students is to collect new 
tens of millions of signatures to the appeal for banning the atomic 
weapon." This is a reference to the Stockholm Peace Pledge. 

The climax of the Prague Student Congress came when 15 delegates 
from North Korea took the spotlight. Speaking for them, Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Kan Buk told the Congress that North Korea had been 
attacked by the United States and South Korea. He asked the Con- 
gress of students to condemn the "war criminals" and to demand them 
to withdraw from Korea. When he finished speaking, the entire 
assembly, led by the American delegation, ''swarmed around the 
speaker, presented him with their student badges, and loaded him 
with flowers." 

Chester Davis, spokesman for the American Committee for Inter- 
national Student Cooperation, agreeing with the North Korean 
Army officer, denounced "American intervention in Korea" and 
demanded "the withdrawal of American troops." Frances Damon, a 
United States delegate representing the World Federation of Dem- 
ocratic Youth, brazenly asserted that all American students opposed 
the United States "war of aggression" in Korea. 

This shameful act, perpetrated at the very moment when young 
Americans were sacrificing their lives, demonstrates the effort now 
being made by the World Peace Congress to undermine and destroy 
the loyalty of American youth. 

The Moscow radio, however, interpreted the Second World Student 
Congress as follows: "Millions of youth are willing to fight, shoulder 
to shoulder with the entire younger generation, for peace against the 
United States and British warmongers." 

LABOR YOUTH LEAGUE 

Another spearhead of the "peace" campaign among American 
youth is the Communist-controlled Labor Youth League. 

This organization, according to the Daily Worker, was established 
in Chicago, May 28-29, 1949, by 150 delegates. It had Leon Wofsy, 
a Communist, as its national chairman and Mel Williamson as admin- 
istrative secretary. Under their guidance the Labor Youth League 
claimed to have organized 200 charter clubs among "working class" 
youth and on university campuses. "The building of the Labor 
Youth League,", said Wofsy at its national convention, "is an answer to 
the call of military brass for young killers to slaughter colored Asians." 

The National Organizing Committee of the Labor Youth League, 
composed of 60 delegates representing many States, met in Detroit 
on April 25, 1950, to plan a "peace" campaign and to seek signers for 
the Stockholm World Peace Appeal. They decided to support the 
peace efforts of the National Labor Conference for Peace and to 
attend the Mid-Century Conference of the Committee for Peaceful 
Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 81 

During May and June 1950 the Labor Youth League collected 
thousands of signatures for the "peace" petition. In New York it 
undertook the collection of 5,000 names on June 3 in honor of Eugene 
Dennis, general secretary of the Communist Party; it claimed it 
actually obtained 11, 000 names. The LYL then set the goal of 20,000 
"peace" signers a week and a total of 250,000 by September 1. 

The Challenge began publication in March 1950 under the sponsor- 
ship of the Labor Youth League. It was endorsed by William Z. 
Foster, chairman of the Communist Party, as follows : 

The first American youth paper in almost a decade that advances a Marxist 
outlook and champions the principle of scientific socialism, bringing clarity and 
confidence to the young people in the fight for peace * * * ^ ^[\\ \)q an 
invaluable instrument for rallying young Americans against the Wall Street 
brass hats who * * * q^^q out to murder millions of our youth * * * jn 
a hell-bomb war. 

On August 24, 1950 the Attorney General of the United States 
declared the Labor Youth League to be a subversive organization, and 
the successor to the American Youth for Democracy and the Young 
Communist League. 

LEON WOFSY 

Leon Wofsy is the leading commissar of all Communist activity 
among youth organizations in the United States. His two authori- 
tative articles on the subject appear in Political Affairs, the theoretical 
monthly organ of the Communist Party, dated March 1949 and May 
1950. The articles are based upon Wofsy's reports before the National 
Committee of the Communist Party, U, S. A., on January 24, 1949, 
and March 23-25, 1950. He has spoken officially and publicly for 
the Communist Party, U. S. A., on a number of other occasions. He 
was a delegate to the New York State convention of the Communist 
Political Association, as the Communist Party was then called, on 
August 10-12, 1945. He is today the leading member of the U. S. 
Youth Sponsoring Committee for the World Peace Appeal, which is 
in charge of circulating the Communist "peace" petition among young 
people in this country. 

Leon Wofsy was chairman of the national organizing committee 
of the subversive Labor Youth League early in 1949. He became its 
chairman in December 1949. 

Prior to that he had been a prominent figure in the American Youth 
for Democracy which the LYL replaced. As national educational 
director of the AYD he was denied a visa to attend the International 
Working Youth for Democracy conference held in Communist Poland 
in the summer of 1948. At the second national convention of the 
American Youth for Democracy,, June 12-16, 1946, Wofsy was the 
reporter of the resolutions committee. In 1948 he was executive 
secretary of the New York State chapter of American Youth for 
Democracy. In the fall of 1948 he was the signer of a statement to 
the President and the Attorney General demanding the dismissal of 
an indictment against 12 Communist leaders. 

Claiming to represent 200 Labor Youth League clubs in 18 States, 
Wofsy told a March 1950 meeting of the national committee of the 
Communist Party, U. S. A. that the league had already engaged in "a 
number of militant and demonstrative activities against the Truman 
H-bomb decision and for negotiations with the U. S. S. R. * * * 
and against police brutality." 



SUBVERSION OF SCIENTISTS THROUGH THE "PEACE" 
MOVEMENT 

In view of the key role played by scientific specialists, especially 
atomic scientists, in the defense program of democratic nations today, 
it is small wonder that the Communists have chosen this group as a 
major target of the subversive "peace" movement. 

Winston Churchill has said that never in our history has greater 
physical power for good or evil been placed in the hands of fewer 
individuals than in the case of our atomic scientists. It is the hope of 
the Communist strategists to maneuver these and other scientists 
into a position where they may render the following services: (1) To 
supply secret scientific information to Soviet intelligence channels; 
(2) to sabotage American production of the atomic weapon; (3) to 
exert any influence they have on the peoples and governments of 
non-Communist nations in a direction advantageous to the Soviet 
Union. 

That Communists have been successful in obtaining scientists to 
further the first Communist aim is demonstrated by the cases of 
Alan Nunn May and Klaus Emil Fuchs in England, Raymond 
Boyer in Canada, and Harry Gold in the United States; in all cases 
the leakage of important atomic information to Soviet channels was 
involved. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities in the course of its 
investigations has uncovered other successful efforts by the Com- 
munists to recruit American scientists into the party, as witness the 
cases of Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz, David Bohm, Ken Max Manfted, 
Irving David Fox, Joseph Weinberg, Frank F. Oppenheimer, Robert 
R. Davis, Clarence Hiskey, and John Hitchcock Chapin. 

Certain factors operate to further the Communist designs. Some 
highly specialized scientists are completely ignorant of the realities 
of political affairs, and are especially devoid of information on the 
devious ways of the Communist conspiracy. The Communists are 
quick to play upon any such special weakness. 

Communists also seek to capitalize on the fact that many scientists 
are concerned about the immense destruction possible from some of the 
forces they have brought to life. The Communist propaganda machine 
makes every effort to undermine and destroy existing faith in demo- 
cratic society and those government heads who control the disposition 
of these powerful forces made available by science. Communists 
would blind scientists to the fact that the United States Government 
is primarily guided by humanitarian motives and is determined to use 
the mighty weapon of the atom bomb only in an extreme emergency 
for self defense. Communist propaganda, on the other hand, falsely 
depicts the Soviet Union as a workers' and peasants' paradise where 
Soviet atomic experiments are restricted to peaceful purposes. 

A scientist is accustomed to believe that there are no international 
barriers to scientific knowledge, that there should be complete freedom 
of exchange, and that scientific considerations should be paramount 

82 



THE COMMTJ]SriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 83 

to all others. Communists make skillful use of this to encourage 
transmission of secret data to the Soviet Union. At no time do they 
remind scientists in non-Communist nations that the Soviet Union 
has no policy of scientific reciprocity and that any Soviet scientist 
suspected of contact with outside scientists or governments for the 
purpose of divulging information would be immediately imprisoned 
or shot. 

The aforementioned Communist aims and tactics in regard to scien- 
tists are fimdamentals of the current Communist "peace" campaign. 

To mislead and attract scientists into the "peace" movement, 
Frederic Joliot-Curie, Communist high commissioner of Atomic 
Energy in France until dismissed recently by the French Govern- 
ment, was chosen as president of the World Peace Congress and head 
of its permanent committee. John Desmond Bernal, professor 
of physics at Birkbeck College, London, was also chosen as a member 
of the committee. Both are members of the World Federation of 
Scientific Workers, another international Communist-front organiza- 
tion ; both men represented the latter organization at sessions of the 
World Peace Congress. Eugenie Cotton, another member of the 
Peace Congress committee, is a research worker in the National Center 
of Scientific Research in France and former head of the Scientific 
School at Sevres. 

Joliot-Curie is the foremost exponent of civil disobedience among 
scientists. He has traveled widely in pursuance of this mission. 
Speaking at a "peace" meeting in Bombay, India, he stated that in 
capitalist countries "there exists an increasing number of scientists 
who * * * no longer agree to be accomplices" of the existing 
regime. He held out the Soviet Union, its European satellite nations, 
and Communist China as glorious examples of "the application of 
scientific methods" to the "great problems of our present existence." 
He deplored arms expenditures in capitalist countries, but failed to 
mention the far greater proportion of such expenses in Soviet territory. 

His stress on disobedience to non-Communist governments was also 
unmistakable at the previously described Stockholm Peace Conference. 
There he lauded workers and dockers who had refused to deliver arms 
for the defense of their country and declared that "All the defenders 
of peace salute their action and are organizing ways of evincing 
their solidarity both morally and materially." 

Joliot-Curie then announced with satisfaction that "Groups of 
scientific workers, nuclear physicists in the United States, in France, 
in Great Britain, and in other countries have already stated that they 
refuse to take any part in research to apply atomic energy for war 
purposes." He stated that "All the members, whether scientists or 
workmen, of the French Commissariat on Atomic Energy have sol- 
emnly declared that they will resign should they be asked to work on 
an atomic weapon," and he pronounced this action "fully justified." 
This statement by Joliot-Curie was broadcast to the world by the 
Moscow radio on March 24, 1950. 

Espionage in behalf of the Soviet military machine was encouraged 
by Joliot-Curie's assurance that "the knowledge, the research and 
discoveries of a great number of scientists shall immediately be placed 
in the service of peace" — in other words, in the service of the Soviet 
Union. 



84 THE COMMTOnST "PE^C'E" OFFENSIVE 

The World Peace Congress has eagerly publicized cases where 
Joliot-Curie's siren call to treason has found a cordial response. In 
Defense of Peace for March 1950 reports how Dr. George Kaiser, 
young Australian research scientist dismissed by the Commonwealth 
Scientific and Industrial Research organization, defended his refusal 
to engage in research connected with the defense of his homeland on 
the ground that he holds "the same viewpoint as the world-famous 
physicist, Dr. Joliot-Curie." 

As a delegate to the All-Union Conference for Partisans of Peace 
held in Moscow from August 25 to 29, 1949, the aforementioned John 
Desmond Bemal stated that "in the capitalist world, scientific 
workers have become aware of the way in which they are being used 
to intensify the horrors of war." He made no reference to use of 
scientists by the aggressive Soviet war machine — a factor forcing 
non-Communist nations to prepare themselves for self-defense. 

Overlooking marvels of scientific achievement which have created 
living standards never equaled by Communist countries, Bernal 
referred contemptuously to "the general decay of the capitalist 
system," in which science "can never be employed usefully." He said 
capitalism "has made the world not fit to live in." He was particular- 
ly virulent in his attack upon the United States and he railed against 
"the restriction of secrecy" in the field of American military science. 

Professor Bernal was lyrical in his praise of the Soviet "paradise," 
of the "heroic Red Army," and of the "gigantic hopeful constructions 
of the whole of the Soviet Union," where science is no longer "the 
servant of the capitalist." This vassal of the Soviet Union then 
declared, "I am so proud to be able to greet, in the name of the 
scientific workers and the Partisans of Peace in the world * * * 
[the] great leader and protector of peace and science. Comrade 
Stalin!" 

Professor Bernal was dropped from the council of the British Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science in November 1949 because 
of his Moscow speech. 

The London Observer of March 27, 1949, has referred to Professor 
Bernal as "a Communist Party member." In 1948 he became presi- 
dent of the British Association of Scientific Workers, whose opposite 
number in this country is the American Association of Scientific 
Workers. He has been a recognized fixture of World Peace Congress 
sessions having attended the Wroclaw conference in August 1948 
and the Paris conference in April 1949. In March 1949 he was 
refused a visa by the U. S. State Department in connection with 
his proposed participation in the Scientific and Cultural Conference 
for World Peace. He is vice chairman of the World Federation of 
Scientific Workers and a close associate of Frederic Joliot-Curie. 

Madam Eugenie Cotton, president of the (Communist) Women's 
International Democratic Federation, vice president of the World 
Peace Congress, and a research worker in the National Center of 
Scientific Research of France, echoes Joliot-Curie's treasonous appeals. 
She has condemned as "men without honor or conscience" those 
American scientists who work on the hydrogen bomb in an effort to 
deter future aggressors. She has made no similar comment on 
Soviet scientists in this field. She has defended Communists such 
as Joliot-Curie as "the true lovers of peace." 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 85 

To promote disaffection among scientists in democratic countries, 
the governments behind the iron curtain pressured their own scientists 
to write letters abroad. The Cominform organ, For A Lasting Peace, 
For A People's Democracy, for June 30, 1950, announced that pro- 
fessors and students of Prague University sent a letter promoting 
the Stockholm Appeal to men of science at Cambridge, Oxford, 
Melbourne, Copenhagen, Paris, Strasbourg, College de France, Bom- 
bay, Rome, Naples, Vienna, and New York. The Polish Embassy 
bulletin, Poland Today, for July 1950, described a similar letter from 
587 leading Polish scientists directed to a group of American scientists. 
The Moscow New Times of July 5, 1950, declared that science workers 
of Communist China have called upon "scientists all over the world 
to unite and fight the warmongers." 

For obvious reasons the literature of the World Peace Congress 
has lavished praise on American scientists critical of American policy 
either in the field of foreign or domestic affairs, or atomic science. 
The March 1950 issue of In Defense of Peace extols Albert Einstein 
for charging the United States with "tremendous financial power in 
the hands of the military, the militarization of youth * * * and 
intimidation of people of independent thinking." The same issue of 
In Defense of Peace commends Leo Szilard and Kirtley Mather for 
demanding the outlawry of the atomic weapon in conformance with 
terms set by the Soviet Union. 

In the March 1950 issue of In Defense of Peace is an article entitled 
"I Worked at Oak Ridge," written by an anonymous electrician, 
who was dismissed from this American atomic plant. He referred 
to the factory as "one huge concentration camp." Describing the 
loyalty investigation procedure, he added that "This obsession of 
FBI has thoroughly disgusted many scientists who have preferred 
to drop their work and return to their solitary research." The article 
is accompanied by a photograph of the "U Works" at Oak Ridge. 
The same magazine gave prominence to the case of James Otsuka, 
who was arrested for distributing leaflets against the atomic bomb 
at an Oak Ridge factory where he was employed in producing uranium 
235. 

LINUS CARL PAULING 

A leading role in the Communist "peace" movement in the U. S. 
is played by Linus Carl Pauling, head of the division of chemistry 
and engineering of the University of California and former president 
of the American Chemical Society. He was a member of the Ex- 
plosives Division of the National Defense Research Commission 
from 1942 to 1945. Despite his eminence in scientific circles, his 
associations with subversive organizations and individuals are 
numerous. 

Professor Pauling was a sponsor of the Scientific and Cultural Con- 
ference for World Peace held at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria on March 
25-27, 1949, arranged by the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, 
and Professions. He traveled to the American Continental Congress 
for Peace held in Mexico City on September 5 to 10, 1949, in which he 
participated as a speaker and vice president. 

He was a sponsor of the Conference on Peaceful Alternatives to the 
Atlantic Pact and the signer of the following public statements by the 



86 THE COMMUNIST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE 

conference: On August 21, 1949, against the American arms program; 
on December 14, 1949, for the Soviet proposal on atomic weapons; on 
July 28, 1950, against U. S. policy in Korea. 

Pauling was a member of the welcoming committee for a World 
Peace Congress delegation scheduled to arrive in the United States 
in March 1950. Pauling appeared before the San Francisco Con- 
ference for Peace, the local affiliate of the World Peace Congress. 

His whole record given below indicates that Dr. Linus Carl Pauling 
is primarily engrossed in placing his scientific attainments at the 
service of a host of organizations which have in common their com- 
plete subservience to the Communist Party, U. S. A., and the Soviet 
Union. Professor Pauling has not deviated a hair's breadth from this 
pattern of loyalty to the Communist cause since 1946. 

According to the Los Angeles Examiner for June 22, 1950, Professor 
Pauling personally vouched for Dr. Sidney Weinbaum, a mathematical 
physicist of the California Institute of Technology, and expert on jet 
propulsion, who was charged with perjury and fraud on grounds that 
he failed to disclose his Communist Party membership under the alias 
of Sydney Empson. But Weinbaum is not the only Communist for 
whom Professor Pauling has vouched. He has signed a number of 
statements in behalf of the 11 Communist leaders convicted for teach- 
ing the advocacy of overthrow of our Government by force and vio- 
lence; such statements appeared over his name in the Daily Worker, 
February 28, 1949, October 30, 1949, and Daily People's World, April 
18, 1950, and June 15, 1949. He appeared as a speaker in behalf of 
these cases according to the Daily People's World of October 20, 1949. 
As early as November 3, 1947, he was a speaker before the Pasadena 
Conference on Human Rights, in defense of the Communist Party. 
The attorneys in the case of the 11 Communist leaders used such 
disruptive tactics that they received citations and coijLvictions for 
contempt of court. Professor Pauling signed statements in behalf of 
these attorneys; the statements appeared in the Daily Worker, 
December 7, 1949, and February 1, 1950. 

The Civil Rights Congress, the principal organization engaged in 
the defense of the 1 1 Communist leaders, has been cited as subversive 
by the Attorney General. Linus Pauling was an initiating sponsor of 
its Bill of Rights Conference held on July 16, 17, 1949, in New York 
City. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities presented evidence of 
the Communist Party membership of a group of 10 Hollywood writers 
headed by John Howard Lawson and Dalton Trumbo. All refused to 
affirm or deny such membership, and were convicted of contempt of 
Congress. Linus Pauling was a signer of a brief submitted in the 
October 1949 term of the U. S. Supreme Court in behalf of Lawson and 
Trumbo. He also supported a radio program in behalf of the Holly- 
wood "ten" in August, 1950. According to the Daily Worker of 
January 3, 1949, he also signed a statement in their behalf issued by 
the Committee of One Thousand. 

Hanns Eisler, brother of Gerhart Eisler, Comintern agent, has 
admitted membership in the Communist Party in Germany. He also 
headed the International Music Bureau, with headquarters in Moscow. 
According to the Daily Worker of December 17, 1947, Pauling signed a 
petition to Attorney General Clark in behalf of Hanns Eisler, protest- 



THE COMMIHSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 87 

ing his deportation. Hanns Eisler is now active in Communist 
Germany. 

The American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born is another 
Communist organization engaged specifically in the defense of such 
alien Communists as Gerhart Eisler. In July 1950 Pauling was a 
sponsor for the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. 

In May 1946 Pauling appeared as a member of the board of directors 
of the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and 
Professions, which was admittedly built by the Communist Party as 
"a great political weapon." In the same year he was vice chairman 
of the Hollywood Independent Citizens' Committee of the Arts, 
Sciences, and Professions. 

The Daily People's World of October 20, 1949, announced a speech 
by Professor Pauling on U. S. atomic policy before the National 
Lawyers Guild, the "legal bulwark of the Communist Party." 

The Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, which has 
been cited as subversive by the Attorney General, was supported by 
Dr. Pauling, according to the Daily People's World of February 6, 
1950. According to the Daily Worker of February 17, 1949, Professor 
Pauling signed a statement issued by the subversiv^e National Council 
of American-Soviet Friendship in an attempt to pressure the President 
into interviewing Stalin. 

PHILIP D. MORRISON 

Another important pillar of the Communists' "peace" campaign is 
Philip D. Morrison, physics professor at Cornell University and for- 
merly physics instructor at the San Francisco State College and the 
University of Illinois. 

At Chicago his work consisted of theoretical, experimental, and 
design work in connection with the plutonium-producing chain reac- 
tors. In October 1944 he was attached to Los Alamos where he was 
concerned with the active components of the atomic bomb. He went 
to the Mariana Islands to aid in the final assembly work on the bomb, 
assisting General Farrell, deputy of Gen. Leslie R. Groves, in charge 
of the atomic project. 

On June 4,5, and 6, 1948, Philip Morrison was an active participant 
in a Conference for Peace held in Los Angeles. Dr. Morrison was a 
speaker and member of the program committee at the Scientific and 
Cultural Conference for World Peace held on Alarch 25-27, 1949, at 
the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria in New York City, under the auspices of the 
National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions. He was a 
publicly announced sponsor of the World Peace Congress held in Paris 
on April 20 to 24, 1949. 

Professor Morrison travels up and down the country on his Red 
mission. According to the Daily Worker of February 28, 1949, he 
appeared before the Maryland Committee for Peace as a speaker. He 
was a featured speaker at the Mid-Centurv Conference for Peace held 
in Chicago, May 29, 30, 1950. The Daily Worker of June 16 and 20, 
1950, proclaimed that Morrison had signed the World Peace Appeal. 
On December 14, 1949, he had signed another statement for The 
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact. 

In the issue of the National Guardian, a leftist weekly publication, 
dated December 12, 1949, there is a review by Professor Morrison of a 



88 THE COMMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE 

pamphlet entitled "Atomic Energy and Society." The author of the 
pamphlet is one James S. Allen, and it was published by International 
Publishers (1949), official publishing house of the Communist Party, 
U. S. A. 

James S. Allen is the pseudonym for Solomon Auerbach, a Com- 
munist Party literary hack, whose greatest academic distinction is a 
bachelor of arts degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He has 
been an editor of the Sunday Worker, a contributor to such Com- 
munist theoretical organs as the Communist and Political Affairs, and 
an instructor at party schools. He is a prolific writer of Communist 
pamphlets, and his works have been widely quoted in the Moscow 
press. Louis F, Budenz, former managing editor of the Daily Worker, 
has identified James S. Allen as a m.ember of the inner ring of the 
CPUSA, in close contact with Soviet agents who are the actual 
formulators of Communist policy. James Allen's pamphlet, "Atomic 
Energy and Society," is unquestionably the authoritative Communist 
Party line on atomic energy. 

Professor Morrison, in his review, awarded high praise to Allen's 
pamphlet. He suggested that it "deserves sober reading." For some 
paradoxical reason, he seems to believe that this "writer on economics 
and history from the Marxist standpoint" is equipped to pass judgment 
on atomic matters simply by virtue of his application of Marxist 
"analytical method." Speaking of himself as a member of the "pro- 
gressive" movement, Morrison referred to Allen's work as "a tool in 
the shaping of such a movement." It might be noted that Com- 
munists commonly refer to themselves as "progressive" for purposes 
of deception. 

An examination of the views of Professor Morrison and James S; 
Allen discloses a striking similarity, as demonstrated by the following 
comparative study: 

Philip Morrison James S. Allen, in Atomic Energy and 

Society 

OPPOSITION TO PRECAUTIONS AGAINST ESPIONAGE 

The House Committee for Un- But this difficulty is compounded 

American Activities has eaten up whole many times over by the stiff military 

forests of Canadian spruce to display censorship, which imposes a mountain 

its generally ill-constructed and pal- of restrictions upon the exchange of 

pable misstatements about atomic es- scientific and technical information, 

pionage (speech before the National Whatever remains of freedom of dis- 

Council of American Soviet Friendship, cussion among scientists, and between 

October G, 1949). them and the public, is now stifled 

He (Dr. Morrison) called attention to almost entirely by "spy scares," con- 

the fact that the militarists used it to gressional inquisitions, and "loyalty" 

bolster the belief that security for the oaths (p. 7). 

country can lie in the hands of the best (Editor's Note. — Thus far there 

preservers of the almost "wholly fie- have been no evidences that the 

titious secrets." * * * Dr. Morri- U. S. S. R. intends to lift its veil of 

son was deeply concerned that scientific secrecy in regard to atomic energy or 

workers who disagreed with FBI were any other phases of life behind the iron 

barred from employment in the growing curtain.) 
areas of Government-supported science 
(Daily Worker, November 18, 1947, 
pp. 8, 9). 



THE COMMtlNlST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 89 

PRAISE OF SOVIET SCIENCE 

In spite of secrecy, the President * * * ^^e ground covered in the 
learns of an atomic explosion inside United States has been mastered, and 
of the U. S. S. R. * * * We knew that Soviet science has proceeded fur- 
from the beginning that a nation ther. * * * However, it is * * * 
capable of waging war and of playing the ability of Soviet society to attain 
the major role in the winning of a great it (more production) for the benefit of 
victory was a nation which could solve the people on an ever-ascending scale 
this problem in time. * * * Any that marks the essential difference 
great power, and the Soviet Union is between Soviet Union and capital- 
today the greatest foreign power, can ist countries. * * * As a result, 
have success. * * * gut the sue- the Soviet Union enjoys much greater 
cess of the scientists, engineers, and freedom and flexibility in the exploita- 
working people of the Soviet Union tion of new techniques than our coun- 
in completing a project which Americans try (pp. 74, 75, 77). 
once completed in a similar time has in 
it a note of hope (speech before the 
National Council of American Soviet 
Friendship, October 6, 1949). 

USE OF ATOMIC ENERGY IN U. S. 

His argument is straightfor- At the present moment the productive 
ward. * * * He [Allen] views capacity of atomics remains potential, 
* * * the Atomic Energy Commis- mainly because the new technique is 
sion * * * as merely the facade of devoted to military purposes. * * * 
state ownership behind which private This situation also leads to the most 
monopoly control continues * * * reactionary political consequences, 
preventing the increase of productive This is exemplified by the total mili- 
capacity * * * satisfied with the tarization of atomics in the service of 
bombs as part of an aggressive foreign an aggressive imperialist policy 
policy (National Guardian, December * * * (pp g^ 44) _ 
12, 1949, p. 11). 

There is no use denying that some 
Americans really * * * planned 
the divine event — an attack on the 
U. S. S. R. with this new magical device 
(speech on October 6, 1949, before 
NCASF). 

Dr. Morrison is a ready supporter of fantastic stories of accomplish- 
ment in the Soviet Union. In the November 28, 1949, issue of the 
National Guardian, Morrison was highly enthusiastic about certain 
"mountain-razing" experiments with atomic bombs which Soviet 
scientists allegedly conducted in Siberia. He cited these tall tales as 
"a demonstration of the peaceable use of high explosive." 

An individual so strategically situated in the scientific world was 
not overlooked by Soviet publicists, who singled him out for their 
kudos in the Moscow "Red Fleet" in mid-February 1950, and on the 
Moscow Soviet Home Service broadcast of July 8, 1950. 

Morrison's name is repeatedly included among the sponsors of a 
number of Communist-front organizations, such as the American 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born and the Joint Anti-Fascist 
Refugee Committee. 

Professor Morrison has for some time been an open and active 
protagonist of the 11 Communist leaders convicted for teaching the 
advocacy of the overthrow of the Government of the United States by 
force and violence. His name has appeared on a number of occasions 
in the Daily Worker as a signer of statements in behalf of these men, 
notably on January 17, February 28, July 18, and October 28, 1949. 
On May 5, 1950, he is listed as signing a statement in behalf of Eugene 



90 THE COMMITISriST "PEACE" OFFEON^SIVE 

Dennis, former general secretary of the Communist Party, and one 
of the 1 1 convicted men. In other words he has pubhcly alined himself 
with the Communist Party. 

The Civil Rights Congress has been the chief instrument for the 
legal defense of the convicted Communist leaders. On November 18, 
1947, and on June 28, 1949, Professor Morrison was listed in the Daily 
Worker as a speaker for the Civil Rights Congress. On June 6, 1949, 
he was listed as the signer of a Civil Rights Congress statement against 
jailing the Communist leaders. On June 21, 1949, he was publicized 
as the chairman of a Civil Rights Congress panel in behalf of the 
Communist leaders. 

Morrison supported the lawyers for the convicted Communists 
after the lawyers were convicted of contempt of court, according to 
the Daily Worker of February 1, 1950. The chief anathema of the 
Communist conspirators is the FBI; this agenc}^ was attacked by 
Professor Morrison in the Daily Worker of May 12, 1947. Morrison 
sent his greeting to the W^orlccr in connection with the celebration of 
May Day, 1948, an international Communist holiday. 

He sponsored a conference of the subversive National Council of 
the Arts, Sciences, and Professions held on October 9-10, 1948, and 
signed its statement attacking the Committee on Un-American Activ- 
ities in December of the same year. This organization actively 
opposed the dismissal of Communist teachers, and Dr. Morrison 
affixed his name to a statement to that effect appearing in the Nation, 
February 19, 1949. The Daily Worker lists him as a speaker for the 
National Council in March 1950 in Philadelphia, and again in 
April 1950. 

The examples of the pro-Communist sympathies and affiliations of 
certain scientists cited above pose a grave problem for the security of 
our country. It requires careful study and action. 

The considerations of national security demand adequate pre- 
cautionary measures in connection with all scientific personnel. 
Picture if you can such a person as Steve Nelson, who has only educa- 
tional training in Marxism and Communist tactics, dictating to a 
group of academically trained and brilliant scientists. This was the 
case in a Communist cell operating in California, which had as its 
members a group of brilliant young physicists. 

Johannes Steel 

Johannes Steel, radio commentator and writer in the United States, 
is another leading participant in the subversive "peace" campaign. 
His work in this connection has received wide publicity and praise 
from Communists both here and abroad. 

Steel, however, has served as a willing tool of the Communist Party 
virtually since he first set foot in the United States some 15 years ago, 
and his role in the "peace" movement is completely in keeping with 
his record. 

The committee includes the record of Mr. Steel herewith, as illus- 
trative of the SO' called "prominent Americans" who are today deliber- 
ately promoting the newest Communist cause of "peace." 

According to his own memoirs, Steel arrived in New York from 
Germany in January 1934, so poverty-stricken that he did not have 
the $250 required by law to enter the country. He admits that he 



THE COMIMtI^^ST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 91 

lied to the immigration inspector and claimed that he had $500. In 
spite of his admission that "America had been good to me," Steel 
became one of the most arrogant fulminators against the country 
which gave him refuge. 

In 1935 Steel's name first publicly appeared in connection with a 
Communist-front organization. This was 3 years before he received 
his American citizenship. Since 1935 he has vigorously and contin- 
uously participated in front organizations. Documents are available 
which demonstrate his support of the following organizations which 
have been cited by official government agencies as Communist or 
Communist fronts: International Workers Order; American League 
Against War and Fascism; ^imerican League for Peace and Democracy; 
Soviet Russia Today; National Council of American-Soviet Friend- 
ship; International Labor Defense; Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Com- 
mittee ; Win-the-Peace Conference ; Civil Rights Congress ; Committee 
for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy; American Council for a Demo- 
cratic Greece; May Day Parade; American Slav Congress; American 
Committee for Yugoslav Relief; and the Washington Cooperative 
Book vShop. 

With the advent of the Communists' current "peace" campaign, 
Steel outdid hunself in its behalf. 

Steel served the World Peace Congress in various capacities. He 
was a sponsor of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace 
held in New York City on March 25 to 27, 1949. He was a member of 
the World Peace Congress delegation which appeared before the 
French Parliament in February 1950 and before the Soviet Parliament 
in March 1950. He was also a delegate to the Stockholm conference, 
described in a previous section of this report. 

Even more important, Steel dedicated his radio and writing talents 
to the Communists' "peace" movement. 

When Steel conducted a nightly program as a "news commentator" 
over New York's Station WHN in 1946, his listeners were given the 
Communists' propaganda about the atom bomb and an alleged 
United States incitement of war against the Soviet Union. 

His anti-United States, pro-Communist bias was revealed in his 
broadcast on September 3, 1946, when he commented on the shooting 
down of American planes by Communist Yugoslavia. In the teeth 
of the outrage which swept the Nation, Steel tossed this challenge: 

The treatment of that incident on the pa'-t of the American press is, by all odds, 
one of the most shameful chapters in the history of American journalism. The 
manner in which this incident was used to incite to war was unprecedented. 
* * * "Phe incident was considered by the European press as a natural 
result of American policy in Europe. 

In the same broadcast he said: 

Yes, we have friends in Europe today. All our ex-enemies are our friends. 
The fascists of yesterday are our drinking companions of today. 

Early in 1947 Steel began publication of a monthly newsletter called 
"Report on World Affairs," which he claimed would give readers the 
"true meaning of everything going on in the world." Actually, it 
dispensed the Communist Party line, with heavy emphasis on the 
"peace" propaganda. 

When Moscow instituted the Berlin blockade, Steel issued a 
"Report" which sneered at the heroic Berlin airlift as "the bungle of 
Berlin" and as an "expensive and idiotic airlift farce." In this same 



92 THE COMMUNIST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE; 

"Report," Steel openly commended Italian Communist leader 
Palmiro Togliatti's avowal of loyalty to^the Soviet Union: 

Togliatti openly declared that any attempt to bring Italy into a U. S.-fomented 
war against the Soviet Union would lead to civil war in Italy. Every political 
observer in the country knows this to be true; the same apphes in France. 

In line with Communist policies, his publication castigated the 
Atlantic pact : 

Today, the governments who will sign the Atlantic pact, who will form the 
Council of Europe and the so-called Western European Federation, are phantom 
governments and completely unrepresentative * * *. The Atlantic pact * * * 
is a chimera. Washington is making pacts with governments, simply forgetting 
about the people who will not stand for these governments very much longer. 

Steel was quick to join in the Communist attack on Cardinal 
Mindszenty, victim of a Communist purge trial in Hungary, declaring 
that — 

there could have been no doubt in the mind of anyone not subverted by the 
abracadabra of ecclesiastical voodoo that the trial was not a religious one but 
merely a routine political trial * * *. 

By way of contrast, however, he rushed to the defense of the 11 
Communist leaders convicted of advocating the overthrow of the 
United States Government by force and violence, as follows: 

The trial of 11 leaders of the Communist Party of the United States * * * 
is merely part of the cold war which is freezing America into fascism. * * * 

When the world-wide Communist movement swung into its cam- 
paign to sabotage the Marshall plan. Steel echoed the Communist line 
in his own "Report": 

The secret of American foreign policy in Europe is as startling as it is simple 
* * *. We are financing a class war * * *_ That is the sum total and 
content of American Foreign policy. 

The Marshall plan is not designed to bring about European recovery * * * 
it is nothing more than an instrument for class warfare * * * 

On January 28, 1950, the Soviet Home Service broadcast referred 
to Steel as "a progressive journalist" who "defends peace." The 
broadcast announced that "the Foreign Literature Publishing House 
in Moscow has recently printed a booklet by Johannes Steel called 
In Defense of Peace." The booklet was described by Moscow as 
"devoted to the unmasking of the aggressive foreign policy of the 
United States" where "the U. S. circles are openly leading a policy 
of preparing a new war." Steel's booklet referred to the Communist 
regimes of Eastern Europe as "popular democracies" which are "going 
through a process of great social and moral renaissance while the 
Western European countries are in a state of moral and social decay." 
Despite acts of Soviet aggression, Steel unblushingly declared that the 
"peace-loving character of the Soviet foreign policy" was manifested 
"from the moment the Soviet state was founded." 

The March 1950 issue of the World Peace Congress magazine, In 
Defense of Peace, featured an article by Steel which contains a 
scathing attack upon the American press, radio, and news reel; the 
investigations and trials of Communist leaders; the American labor 
movement; as well as American intellectuals: 

The word "peace" is subversive. That is the paramount political reality in the 
United States today * * * all channels of communication such as press, 
radio, and news reels are in the service of the warmongers and keep up an unceasing 
24-hour barrage of war propaganda. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 93 

* * * Hysteria * * * continues unabated as a result of political witch 
hunts, spy trials, and congressional investigations, all aimed at the limitation of 
traditional American freedoms. 

Important in this respect is the fact that recent Supreme Court decisions have 
given the administration new legal weapons to further enlarge the power of the 
police and restrict the civil rights of citizens * * *, 

Labor has abdicated its leadership in the struggle for peace. * * * The 
fine militancy shown, for instance, in the recent miners' strike, was a purely trade- 
union matter without any political implications * * * 

Perhaps the saddest aspect of the contemporary American scene is the wide- 
spread failure of the intellectuals to fight actively in the movement for 
peace * * *. Today, when we need them most, we have neither an Aragon 
nor a Neruda (pp. 8-10). 

The Paris meeting of the World Congress for Peace in April 1949 
decided to institute "International Peace Prizes," in competition with 
the Nobel Prize. It was to be awarded at the second world peace 
congress in 1950. In Defense of Peace, official journal of the "peace" 
offensive, announced in its March 1950 issue that Johannes Steel had 
offered his own newsletter, Report on World Affairs, for a prize. 

Steel frequently reveals information which could only have been 
obtained from Communist inside sources both here and abroad — 
channels which are open only to those possessing the complete confi- 
dence of Moscow. A very recent example is to be found in Steel's 
efforts to help the Communists fool the world into believing that 
South Korea was the aggressor in the present war. In exclusive 
stories prmted in the Daily Compass, Steel described certain docu- 
ments seized by the North Koreans in their capture of Seoul, the South 
Korean capital, and announced that Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister 
Jacob Malik might put them before the United Nations Security 
Council. 

On February 19, 1950, during the Soviet boycott of the United 
Nations, Steel announced a column in the Daily Compass: 

When the Soviet Union returns to participation in the various UN organiza- 
tions following the eliminations of the Chinese Nationalists from the UN, its first 
major act will be to propose an international agreement outlawing the building 
and use of hydrogen bombs. 

In the light of Steel's utterances, therefore, it is completely mider- 
standable that the Communist movement has been unstinting in its 
praise of Steel. Steel's articles and speeches have been reprinted for 
years by the Communist Daily Worker and the Daily People's World 
in the United States. Steel frequently has been quoted and praised in 
broadcasts originating in and directed to iron curtain countries. The 
Moscow radio at least twice has expressed praise and approval of 
Steel immediately following the Korean invasion. For a Lasting 
Peace, For a People's Democracy, official organ of the Cominform, has 
also furnished its stamp of approval. Pravda, the Moscow daily, 
called Steel a "sincere friend of the Soviet Union" in its issue of May 
1, 1947. 

In 1946, during a bye election in New York City, Steel ran on the 
American Labor Party ticket in the Nineteenth Congressional f)istrict. 
The Worker of January 30, 1946, carried an editorial, The Johannes 
Steel Campaign, announcing all-out support of Steel, who "looms as 
one of the fightingest Representatives in Congress." Steel not only 
accepted but welcomed this active Communist support, saying he 
hated "the whole caboodle of stumble-bum politicians in Congress." 
The Daily Worker of February 18, 1946, reported that three Commu- 



94 THE COMMUTilST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

nist Party clubs had issued leaflets supporting Steel and had given as 
one of their main reasons for backing him his opposition to investiga- 
tion of communism (called "Red-baiting" by Communist adherents). 
Further evidcuce of Steel's high standing in Communist circles was 
brought out on the occasion of the Foreign Ministers' conference at 
Moscow in March of 1947. With great difficulty the State Depart- 
ment had induced Russia to raise the quota of U. S. press and radio 
correspondents at the conference from 20 to 36. Therefore, 36 corre- 
spondents were accredited by the United States Government to attend 
the conference. Steel stood fifty-second on the list of applicants and 
was not accredited. Nevertheless, Steel obtained a Russian visa and 
was admitted to the conference. The U. S. S. R. had bypassed or 
ignored the State Department in his favor, even though Steel did not 
represent any important news or radio service, as did many other 
applicants who had to be refused admission. Steel covered the con- 
ference in behalf of his own private monthly newsletter, the Johannes 
Steel Report on World Affau-s, distributed by subscription only. He 
subsequently issued a "Report" stating that the United States was 
trying its utmost to "sink the conference." He had the following to 
say about the Soviet Union's position: 

♦ * * no one can deny that there is not a single nation in the world which 
is more diligent in its search for peace, or more determined and logical in the fight 
against fascism. 



ROLE OF THE MOSCOW RADIO IN THE "PEACE" 
CAMPAIGN 

The Moscow radio is an important medium in guiding and promot- 
ing the Communist "peace" movement in the United States. 

It broadcasts organizational directives to the Communist leaders 
and promoters of the "peace" movement in this country, and it also 
disseminates fraudulent "peace" propaganda in an attempt to 
create confusion and discontent among the American people. 

During the early years of Communist activities in the United 
States, the Daily Worker published the Comintern's directives on 
Communist policies and methods of organization. If a change in 
the party line occurred, the member discovered it from the party 
paper. In recent years, however, the Moscow radio has been an in- 
creasingly important source of guidance. Russian broadcasts have 
been instructing the Communists in their attitudes on public ques- 
tions, especially those concerning foreign policy, and have been 
directing party leaders in new methods of organization and new 
techniques in agitation. So important has radio become as a means 
of directing party activities that secret Communist operators are re- 
quired to possess sending and receiving short-wave sets as standard 
equipment. 

The Russian radio is sufficiently powerful for this purpose. It has 
5 to 12 transmitters, with power ranging from 25 to 100 kilowatt- 
hours, broadcasting to the United States for 4 hom-s and 40 minutes 
every day. Reception strength varies from nil to excellent and has 
an average of fair to good. 

Bob Lauter, in a regular Daily Worker column entitled, "Around the 
Dial," from time to time gives information about the Soviet Union's 
short-wave broadcasts. On April 21, 1950, he informed his readers 
what frequencies used by Moscow could be heard in spite of inter- 
ference from coded signals. The column supplied the following 
information: 

15.23 Mc— Very poor at this time. 

11.88 Mc. — The best. Very good at all times. 

11.78 Mc. — Very poor. 

9.72 Mc— Poor at this time. 

9.67 Mc. — Very good. At times it is interfered with by coded signals and other 
means. 

9.60 Mc— Cannot be heard (?). 

7.29 Mc. — Very good. Clear all the way. 
These branches to the U. S. A. mav be heard on the frequencies indicated at: 
6:15-7:30; 8:00-10:00; and at 10:00 (all times are P. M.) 

Besides the Daily Worker, other Communist publications aid the 
American listener in locating the Russian short-wave programs. 
The New Times, published in English by Trud, a Moscow newspaper, 
on May 17 and again on June 21, gave the following schedule of the 
Moscow radio broadcasts for the summer of 1950: 

95 



96 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Moscow radio broadcasts — summer schedule 1950 — -program beamed to North America 



Eastern daylight saving time 


Wavelength 


Meters 


Megacycles 


19.20-20.30 


f 19.7 
19.85 
25.08 
25.6 
30.96 

/ 19.7 
19.76 
19.85 
25.08 
25.37 
25.6 
30. 96 

1 19.7 
19. 76 
19.85 
25.08 
25.37 
25.6 

[ 30.96 


15.23 
15.11 
11.96 


21.00-22.00 -.. 


11.71 
9.69 
15.23 
15.18 
15.11 
11.96 


22.30-24.00 - - - 


11.82 
11.71 
9.69 
15.23 
15.18 
15.11 
11.96 




11.82 
11.71 
9.69 



The broadcasts include news bulletins, reviews of the Soviet press, talks on 
Soviet life, commentaries on world affairs, literary and feature programs, mail-bag 
and musical programs. 

The New Times of August 30, 1950, announced the following programs: 



Moscow radio broadcasts 



-summer schedule lOSO—programs beamed to North 
America 



Eastern standard time 


Wave length 


Metres 


Megacycles 


8.00-8.30 


16.82 

19.76 

1 25. 08 

25.37 

19.7 

19.76 

19.85 

25.08 

25.37 

25.6 

30. 96 

f 19.7 

\ 19. 76 

f 19. 85 

25.08 

\ 25. 37 

25.6 

I 30. 96 


17.84 
15.18 
11.96 
11.82 
15.23 
15.18 
15.11 
11.96 


18.20-19 30 


20.00-23.00 - 


11.82 
11.71 

9.69 
15.23 
15.18 
15.11 
11.96 
11.82 
11.71 

9.61 


Between 21.00 and 21.30 Radio Moscow closes down its service on 19.7 and 19.85 
metres. 



Moscow employs several techniques to reach more effectively its 
American audience. It broadcasts open letters from celebrated 
Russian musicians, authors, and scientists to famous Americans in 
comparable fields, calling upon them to support the "peace" move- 
ment. One program, which is devoted to the mail bag, answers 
letters of inquiry from Americans located in many different communi- 
ties. These broadcasts give the impression of intimacy between the 
Soviet radio and the American listening audience. Much time is 
devoted to commentaries on the news. Editorials are read from the 
Russian paper, Pravda, and from such American papers as the Daily 
Compass, and the Daily Worker. The commentaries are a means of 



THE COMMtn^IST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 97 

issuing dii-ectives to party workers and also of disseminating propa- 
ganda among the American public. 

During 1950, the Moscow radio called for the formation of a national 
committee to coordinate the "peace" activities of local committees in 
communities m the United States, The radio further suggested the 
observation of a special week to be known as the Fight for Peace and 
Democracy Week. A month prior to the Mid-Century Conference 
for Peace, held in Chicago in May 1950, the Moscow radio demanded 
the collection of 250,000 signatures as a preparation for the conference. 
On August 1, 1950, the radio warned the "peace" campaigners to 
give more attention to rural workers and the middle class; to get more 
support from cultural, women's and youth organizations; and to hound 
civil and political leaders with the "peace" program. 

The Soviet radio has appealed to American college students to 
sign the Stockholm Peace Appeal, and has urged them to hold rallies 
and form delegations in behalf of the Communists' "peace" campaign. 

Soviet broadcasters have attempted to dissuade seamen and dockers 
throughout the world from handling American arms and other military 
supphes. On January 19, 1950, the broadcasters applauded the dock- 
ers of Marseilles, Toulon, LaRochelle, Rouen, Dunkirk, and La Havre 
for refusing to handle American military shipments. On the same day, 
the Moscow radio broadcasted an open appeal to the longshoremen 
of the United States Atlantic coast from the National Federation of 
Dockers and Port Workers of France, urging the Americans not to 
load war material intended for shipment to France in connection with 
the North Atlantic Defense Pact. This agitation among the seamen 
continued during March and April 1950. 

The Moscow radio similarly agitated factory workers, exhorting 
them in the name of "peace" to demand a change-over from the 
production of war goods to the production of civilian goods. The 
radio gave this bold command: "Make tractors and machine tools — 
do not make machines of death. Do not succumb to the temptation 
of temporary earnings^think of the future." No such proposal would 
have been tolerated for an instant in connection with the feverish 
production of war materials in the Soviet Union. 

Soviet broadcasters eventually grew even bolder. On July 30, 
1950, they called upon listeners to "seize the arms of the warmongers." 
This is nothing less than an incitement to civil war. And on August 
4, 1950, a Moscow broadcast to the United States called for aiding the 
"peace" movement by refusing to volunteer for military service and 
by ignoring draft registrations. On August 28, 1950, the radio pub- 
licized an open letter to American soldiers in Korea, in which Ameri- 
cans were branded "aggressors" and threatened with the ever-lasting 
hatred of people everywhere in the world. 

The scm-rilous attacks on American leaders and American policy, 
which have characterized the whole Communist "peace" campaign, 
are repeated again and again in Soviet broadcasts to the United States, 
in,an effort to create confusion and discontent among American lis- 
teners. Nor does the Moscow radio hesitate to broadcast propaganda 
aimed at inciting racial hostilities in this country. The Moscow radio 
reserves its praise for the Communists, fellow travelers, and front 
organizations which serve the Soviet cause. On July 18, 1950, it 
radioed congratulations to the National Council of the Arts, Sciences 



98 THE COMMUNIST "PE^CE" OFFENSIVE 

and Professions for sending a peace petition, signed by 5,000 persons, 
to President Truman. It has also awarded special praise to the Na- 
tional Labor Conference for Peace, the Peace Information Center, and 
the American Slav Congress. 

It is evident from its broadcasts that Moscow receives detailed 
reports of "peace" activities in the United States. Reports are sent 
in from meetings as small as one in Smmyside, N. Y. On July 31, 
1950, the Moscow radio broadcasted the following summary of the 
"peace" movement in the United States: 

Reports are arriving from the United States of meetings protesting against 
the aggressive policj^ of Washington and London and of the savage persecution 
of peace partisans. One thousand eight hundred people toolc part in a meeting 
organized by the Michigan Progressive Party, which supported the demand to 
stop the intervention in Korea and to ban the atomic bomb. Five hundred 
people took part in a similar meeting in Boston. Reports are arriving from 
Philadelphia, Connecticut, Detroit, and other places around the successful col- 
lection of signatures under the Stockholm Peace Appeal. 

In this brief review of some of the activities of the Moscow radio 
in connection with the current "peace" campaign, we have merely 
scratched the surface with the meager facilities at our command. 
A more far reaching survey should be made to show the full range 
of Moscow broadcasts as well as the extent of their reception in this 
country. Although Moscow has gone to considerable expense to 
block foreign broadcasts by the installation of elaborate jamming 
devices, our radio frontier is wide open. Recalling the famous Orson 
Welles broadcast of October 1938, which was scripted by Howard 
Koch, a card-carrying member of the Communist Party, and which 
threw the Nation into a panic, it may well be that some systematic 
and effective precautionary measures are urgently essential. 



APPENDIXES 



APPENDIX I 

ARTICLES DEALING WITH THE WORLD PEACE CONGRESS APPEARING IN 

For A Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy 

(Bucharest, Organ of the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers' 

Parties) 
September 1, 1948 

World Congress of Culture in Defense of Peace 
September 15, 1948 

Congress in Wroclaw: Battle for Peace and Culture — by Emilio Sereni 
October 15, 1948 

British Peace Campaign Grows Stronger 
December 15, 1948 

Committee in Defense of Peace in Britain 
January 15, 1949 

Working People of France Organizing Councils for Defense of Peace and Freedom 
March 1, 1949 
Manifesto of the International Coordinating Committee of Cultural Workers in 

Defense of Peace 
Congress of French Intellectuals for Culture and Peace 

March 15, 1949 

World Peace Congress 

April 1, 1949 

National Congress in Defense of Peace in Brazil 

U. S. A. Cultural and Scientific Congress for World Peace 

A. A. Fadayev's Speech at Closing Meeting of the U. S. Cultural and Scientific 

Congress for World Peace 
Preparatory Committee for World Peace Congress 
Rumanian Scientific Congress in Defense of Peace 

April 15, 1949 

Movement of People's Masses for Lasting Peace, Against Imperialist Instigators 
of New War is Growing and Extending 

Pre-Congress Chronicle 

What the Ordinary People Think (France) 

Meetings and Demonstrations (Poland) 

"Peace Caravans" 

Safeguard Peace 

British Workers Oppose War Against the Soviet Union 

In Defense of Freedom 

Expose the Warmongers (Rumania) 

The Will of the People of Bulgaria 

Czech Scientist's Statement 

Italian Women Send Letter to Truman 
The Soviet People in the Struggle for Peace — by A. Surkov 

May 1, 1949 

Manifesto — World Peace Congress 
World Peace Congress 

French Intellectuals and the Cause of Peace — by Aime Cesaire; Deputy, French 
National Assembly 



100 THE COMMUOTST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

May 16, 1949 

Peace Congress in Tokyo 

All-Canada Peace Congress 

June 1, 1949 

Fight for Peace — The Cause of All Peoples 
June 15, 1949 

Movement of the Peoples for a Lasting Peace, Against the Warmongers is Growing 
and Strengthening 

World Peace Congress Delegates Report Back 

Growing Activity of French People 

Peace Movement in Rumania 

Preparations for Peace Congress in Hungary 

Mass Protests in U. S. Against Atlantic Pact 

Appeal from World Federation of Democratic Youth 

Italian Working People's Petition 
In Defense of Peace 

August 1, 1949 

Peace Movement in France 

September 1 — Peace Day in Germany 

August 15, 1949 

Havana Peace Congress 

September 1, 1949 

All-Union Conference of Supporters of Peace in Moscow 

Peace Congress in Mexico 

Peace Committees in Scandinavia 

Munich Will Never Be Repeated! (Czechoslovak Peace Committee) 

September 16, 1949 

Peace Day Preparations in France 

September 23, 1949 

Eve of Peace Day 

France 

Italy 
Struggle of the French People for Peace — by Raymond Guvot, Member, 
Political Bureau, Communist Party of France 

September 30, 1949 

Defense of Peace — The Concern of the Peoples of the World 
Soviet Working People Prepare for Peace Day 
For World Peace Against Warmongers! 
On the Eve of Peace Day — October 2: 

Defend the Cause of Peace — by Academician Petru Constantinescu-lasi 
Vice Chairman of the National Assembly (Rumania) 

National Peace Ballot in France 

Militant Review of Democratic Forces — by Laszlo Orben, Member, 
Central Committee, Hungarian Workers Party 

German People Against Warmongers 

Meeting in London 

Polish People Fight for Peace 

Call of Danish Women Communists 

Demonstrations and Meetings in Czechoslovakia 

National Trade Union Peace Conference in the United States 

Peace Meetings in India 

October 7, 1949 

New Powerful Upsurge of World Movement for Peace Against the Warmongers 
October 21, 1949 

National Congress of Belgian Partisans of Peace 

Struggle of Italian Women for Peace and Freedom — by Maria Maddalena Rossi, 
Chairman, Italian Women's League 

November 4, 1949 

Session of World Peace Permanent Committee 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE:" OFFENSIVE 101 

November 18, 1949 

Struggle of Latin-American People for Peace 
November 29, 1949 

Defense of Peace and the Struggle Against the Warmongers — Resolution of the 
Information Bureau of the Communist Parties 

December 2, 1949 

Defense of Peace and the Struggle Against the Warmongers — Report by M. 

Suslov submitted to the Meeting of the Information Bureau of the Communist 

Parties held in the second half of November 1949 
A Powerful Weapon in the Struggle for Peace 
Peace Forces Rally Against War 
Call to Further Struggle 

December SO, 1949 

Call of the World Peace Congress Committee 
January 6, 1950 

Activities of the Italian People in Defense of Peace 

People of France Are Fighting for Peace — by Etienne Fajon, Member, Political 
Bureau, Communist Party of France 

January IS, 1950 

Fight for Peace — The Main Task — by I. Chisinevschi, Secretary, Central Com- 
mittee, Rumanian Workers' Party 

January 27, 1950 

Millions Rising in Struggle for Peace 

Genoa Dockers Refuse to Unload Munitions 

Peace Demonstration in Syria 

Action Committees in Algiers 

Petitions in Defense of Peace in Belgium 

February 3, 1950 

Peace Movement is Growing and Gaining Strength 

Peace Meeting in New York 

Netherlands Workers Protest Against U. S. Arms Shipments 

In the Rumanian Peoples Republic 

People of Western Germany — Against War Preparations 

Working People of France Fight for Peace 

Wide-Scale Peace Movement in Italy 

February 10, 1950 

Raise Higher the Banner of the Peoples World-Wide Struggle for Peace 
People of Italy Continue to Struggle for Peace and Democratic Rights 
Peace Movement Successes in Poland 
Ohio Trade Union Peace Conference 

Czechoslovak People Support Demands in Defense of Peace — by Anezkd 
Hodinova-Spurna, Chairman, Czechoslovak Peace Committee 

February 24, 1950 

Mighty Peace Movement Growing in All Lands 

Struggle for Peace in Italy 

Bulgarian People Actively Upholding the Cause of Peace — bv Zola 
Dragoicheva, Chairman, Bulgarian National Peace Committee 

Peace Councils in Austria 

British Youth Intensify Fight for Peace 

March S, 1950 

Peace Delegation Arrives in Italy 

March 10, 1950 

Camp of Peace Supporters is Growing 

Delegation of Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress Arrives in the 

U. S. S. R. 
People's Masses in Poland Against Warmongers 

National Assembly of Czechoslovakia Discusses Proposals of the Permanent 
Peace Committee 



102 THE COMMUNIST "PEAiCE" OFFENSIVE 

March 17, 1950 

Peace Messengers Welcomed in the U. S. S. R. 

Peace Movement in Rumania 

National Congress of Fighters for Peace and Freedom in France 

March 24, 1950 

Session of Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress 

The Mighty Peace Front Will Foil Criminal Designs of the Warmongers 

Congresses in Defense of Peace (Albania and Israel) 

March SI, 1950 

Working People in CapitaHst Countries Are Fighting for Peace, Bread, and 

Freedom 
Appeal of Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress 
Toil Criminal Schemes of the Warmongers (on Stockholm Appeal) (lists activities 

in Rumania, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Japan) 
The Struggle for Peace Will Unite Millions of People in All Countries — by Jorge 

Amado, Member Permanent Committee, World Peace Congress 
On the Eve of the All-Australian Peace Congress 
Irish Workers Demand Peace and Independence 

April 7, 1950 

Frustrate Criminal Plans of the Warmongers! 

Peoples of All Countries Support Decisions of Permanent Committee of World 
Peace Congress 

Italy 

Norway 

Britain 

Holland 

Sweden 

Japan 

April 14, 1950 

For Hundreds of MiUions of Signatures to the Appeal for the Prohibition of the 

Atomic Weapon 
Appeal of Permanent Peace Committee of the Rumanian People's Republic 
Peoples of All Countries Support the Appeal of the Permanent Committee of the 
World Peace Congress 

China 

Great Britain 

Holland 

France — Bar the War to War! 

Italy — MiUions of Signatures in Defense of Peace 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 

Bulgaria 

Poland 

April 21, 1950 

Peoples of World Support Appeal of Permanent Committee, World Peace Congress 
Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Cuba, France, Bulgaria, India 

Rumanian Peasants Struggle for Peace — by Mihail Sadoveanu, Academician 
Member, Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress, Chairman, Perma- 
nent Peace Committee of the Rumanian People's RepubUc 

April 28, 1950 

MiUions of People Signing Appeal of the Permanent Committee of World Peace 

Congress, Bulgaria, Brazil, Rumania, Italy, Britain 
MiUtant Tasks of the Struggle for Peace 
For Peace, Freedom and Democracy!— by Marcel Cachin, Member, PoUtburo, 

French Communist Party 
The Great Aim of the Peoples — -by Frederic Joliot-Curie, Chairman, Permanent 

Committee of the World Peace Congress 
In the Chinese People's RepubUc 

Support for the Appeal of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace 

Congress 
Journal of Peace Supporters 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 103 

Peace Movement in Finland — by Mayri Ryoma — Member, Politburo, Central 

Committee, Communist Party of Finland 
International Solidarity of Partisans of Peace is Invincible — by Anna Pauker, 

Secretary, Central Committee, Rumanian Workers' Party 
To Save Peace is the Duty of the International Proletariat — by Giuseppe di 

Vittorio, Chairman, World Federation of Trade Unions 
Peace Movement is Growing and Gaining Strength 

Working People of Hungary Signing Appeal for Prohibition of Atomic 
Weapon 
France 
Australia 
Trieste 

Danish Dockers Protest Against Denmark Being Turned into a U. S. Arsenal 

Germany 

Lebanon 

Austria 

India 

Poland 

Algiers 

Norway 

Belgium 

May 5, 1950 

Working People of All Lands Celebrated May Day Under Slogan of Defense of 
Peace and Prohibition of Atomic Weapon 

May 12, 1950 

For Hundreds of Millions of Signatures to the Appeal of the Permanent Commit- 
tee of World Peace Congress 
"Peace Special" in Britain 

May 19, 1950 

For Hundreds of Millions of Signatures to the Appeal for Banning the Atomic 
Weapon 

Communique of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress 
Peace Movement Growing in Scale in All countries of the World 
Hungarian People on Guard for Peace — by Zoltan Komocsin, Head of Agitation 
Department, Central Committee, Hungarian Workers' Party 

May 26, 1950 

Foil Criminal Plans of the Warmongers 

Vigorous Activity of the Czechoslovak People 

Appeal of the World Federation of Trade Unions to the Working People of 
the World 

Plans of Reactionary Clergy Fail 

Peace Meeting in Budapest 

Voice of the Brazilian People 

Noble Initiative of Polish Scientists and Students 

Repressions Against Partisans of Peace in Britain 

In the Bulgarian People's Republic 

When the Marshallised Press Breaks Silence 

Thomas Mann's Statement 
Practical Actions of Italian Working People in Defense of Peace 
French Youth in the Struggle for Peace — by Victor Michaut, Member, Political 
Bureau, French Communist Party 

June 2, 1950 

Trade Unions in the Fight for Peace 

Prohibition of the Atomic Weapon — Demand by Outstanding Figures in Italy 

Movement in Defense of Peace in Korea — by Khan Ser Ya, Chairman, All-Korea 

National Peace Committee 
Collection of Signatures in France 
On Guard for World Peace — by Kuo Mo-jo, Chairman, China Committee of the 

World Congress of Partisans of Peace 
Open Letter from Polish Scientists to Scientists in U. S. 



104 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



APPENDIX II 



Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace 
March 25, 26, and 27, 1949, New York City 

The following list of sponsors of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for 
World Peace, said to be correct as of yesterday, was given out by the National 
Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions, sponsor of the conference: ^ 



Berenice Abbott 

Rev. Charles B. Ackley 

Louis Adamic 

Dr. Charles Christopher 
Adams 

Rev. Stacy Adams 

Dr. Thomas Addis 

Stella Adler 

Cecelia Ager 

Gregory Ain 

Robert E. Alexander 

OUver S. Allen 

Prof. Ethel J. Alpenfels 

Ralph Alswang 

Kurt Anderson 

George Antheil 

Robenia Anthony 

Herbert Aptheker< 

Bruno Aron 

James Aronson 

Simon Asen 

Edith Atwater 

Prof. Marston Balch 

William Bales 

W. W. Ballard 

Zlatko Balokovic 

Josephine C. Barbour 

Rev. Wade Crawford Bar- 
clay 

S. L. M. Barlow 

Prof. Cyrus P. Barnum, Jr. 

Alice Prentice Barrows 

Dr. Edward K. Barsky 

Prof. Bernard Baum 

Mordecai Bauman 

Howard Bay 

Prof. Irwin R. Beller 

Thomas Bell 

Elmer Bendiner 

Aline Bernstein 

Leonard Bernstein^ 

Victor Bernstein 

Walter Bernstein 

Herbert J. Biberman 

Father Shelton Hale 
Bishop 

Dr. Algernon D. Black 

Boris Blai 

Betsy Blair 

Henry Blankfort 

Michael Blankfort 

Marc Blitzstein 

Dr. Joshua Bloch 

Kermit Bloomgarden 

Dr. E. M. Bluestone 

Prof. Henry Blumberg 

Hans Blumenfeld 



Dr. Ernst P. Boas 

Aaron Bohrod 

B. A. Botkin 

Richard O. Boyer 

Kay Boyle 

Joseph Brainin 

-Prof. Theodore Brameld 

Millen Brand 

Jocelyn Brando 

Marlon Brando " 

Prof. Dorothy Brewster 

J. Edward Bromberg 

Lucy Brown 

Rev. Thoburn T. Brum- 
baugh 

Lucile Bruner 

Henrietta Buckmaster 

Richard Burgin 

Prof. Edwin Berry Bur- 
gum 

Paul Burlin 

Richard G. Burlingame 

David Burliuk 

Prof. E. A. Burtt 

Adolf Busch 

Dr. Allan M. Butler 

Witter Bynner 

Angus Cameron 

Antoinette Cannon 

Dr. George D. Cannon 

Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan 

Rabbi D. A. Jessurun 
Cardozo 

Prof. A. J. Carlson 

Prof. Rudolf Carnap 

Morris Carnovsky 

Saul Carson 

Alan Carter 

Norman Cazden 

Dr. Robert C. Challman 

Rev. Mark A. Chamber- 
lin 

Charles Chaplin -^ 

Allan Chase 

Prof. M. N. Chatterjee 

Serge Chermayeff 

Edward Chodorov 

Jerome Chodorov 

Henry S. Churchill 

Rev. Karl M. Chworow- 
sky 

Nicolai Cikovsky 

Dr. Rufus E. Clement 

W. G. Clugston 

Robert M. Coates 

Lee J. Cobb 

Dr. Stanley Cobb 



Rabbi J. X. Cohen 
Lester Cole 
Fannie Cook 
Peter Copeland 
Aaron Copland 
Paul Corey 
Norman Corwin 
Prof. Frederick A. Courts 
Thomas Creighton 
Kyle Crichton 
Prof. Abraham Cronbach 
Dr. Ralph Crowley 
Rev. John W. Darr, Jr. 
Howard Da Silva 
Jules Dassin 
Dr. Leo M. Davidoff 
Jo Davidson 
Hallie Flanagan Davis 
Dr. .Jerome Davis 
Dr. Percv AL Dawson 
Prof. Jolin J. De Boer 
Adolf Dehn 
Roger de Koven 
Jacob Deschin 
Stejihen Deutch 
Albert Deutsch 
Earl B. Dickerson 
Dr. Albert C. Dieflfenbach 
Dr. Hedlev S. Dimock 
Dr. Marshall E. Dimock 
Edward Dmytryk 
Martha Dodd 
Anton Dolin 

Prof. Dorothy W. Douglas 
Prof. Harl R. Douglass 
Olin Downes 
Muriel Draper 
Paul Draper 
W. E. B. DuBois '- 
Jane Dudley 
James Dugan 
Barrows Dunham 
Arnaud D'Usseau 
Richard Dyer-Bennett 
Prof. Abraham Edel 
Prof. Stuart Edie 
Prof. Albert Einstein — 
Dr. Robert H. EUis 
Dr. Haven Emerson 
Prof. Thomas I. Emerson 
Guy Endore 
Lehman Engel 
Philip Evergood 
Prof. Henry Pratt Fair- 
child 
Fyke Farmer 
Howard Fast 



New York Times, March 24, 1949. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



105 



Prof. Robert D. Field 

Jose Ferrer 

Lion Feuchtwanger 

Sidney Finkelstein 

Irving H. Flamm 

Rev. Joseph Fletcher 

Prof. Frederick Wilhelm 
Foerster 

Prof. Joseph K. Folsom 

Clark Foreman 

Lukas Foss 

Sidney Fox 

Elizabeth Frazier 

Prof. P>ank S. Freeman 

Joseph Gaer 

Arthur Gaeth 

Will Geer 

Louis Gelders 

Rev. Dr. Louis C. Ger- 
stein 

Leatrice Joy Gilbert 

Barbara Giles 

Josiah W. Gitt 

Vincent Glinsky 

Vladimir Gloschmann 

Max Goberman 

Rabbi Herbert S. Gold- 
stein 

Henrietta L. Gordon 

Jav Gorney 

Harry Gottlieb 

Morton Gould 

James Gow 

Charles Graham 

Shirley Graham 

William Cropper 

Chaim Gross 

Paul Grotz 

Sidonie Gruenberg 

Ernest A. Grunsfeld, Jr. 

Jack Guilford 

Robert Gwathmey 

Vta Hagen 

Ernst Halberstadt 

David Hall 

Margaret Halsev 

Prof. Talbot Hamlin 

Dashiell Hammett 

E. Y. Harburg 

Minna Harkavy 

Prof. Georgia Harkness 

Prof. Frederick P. Harris 

Dr. Roy E. Harris 

Shelbv M. Harrison 

Pearl M. Hart 

Frank E. Hartung 

Prof. David Hawkins 

Prof. Marion Hathway 

Rev. Edler G. Hawkins 

Jane L. Havford 

Prof. Michael Heidel- 
berger 

Prof. Karl F. Heiser 

Lillian Hellman 
Edna Wolff Henner 

Hermann Herrey 



Stefan Heym 

Sammy Hey ward 

Nat Hi ken 

Dr. Ernest R. Hilgard 

Rev. Charles A. Hill 

Dr. Cecil E. Hinshaw 

Carmelita Hinton 

Joseph Hirsch 

Ira A. Hirschmann 

Rose Hobart 

Dr. W. Ernest Hocking 

Rev. Chester E. Hodgson 

Syd Hoff 

Judy Holliday 

Libby Holman 

Carroll Hollister 

Prof. Eugene C. Holmes 

Prof. Lee Elbert Holt 

Charles P. Howard 

John N. M. Howells -^ 

Leo Huberman 

Rev. Kenneth de P. 

Hughes 
Langston Hughes 
Kim Hunter 
Mary Hunter 
Dr. W. A. Hunton 
Arthur Hurwich 
Leo T. Hurwitz 
Guy Hutchins 
Alfonso lannelli 
Charles Irving 
Leon E. Janney 
Werner Janssen 
Prof. Otto T. Jelinek 
Dr. Charles S. Johnson 
Crockett Johnson , 
Edna Ruth Johnson 
Reginald D. Johnson 
Dr. David D. Jones 
Matthew Josephson 
Robert Josephy 
Robert Joyce 
Dr. Elvin A. Kabat 
Albert E. Kahn 
Prof. George Kalnitsky 
Carson Kanin 
Paul Katz 
Nora Kaje 
Philip O. Keeney 
Arthur Kennedy 
Stetson Kennedy 
Robert W. Kenny 
Rockwell Kent 
Prof. T. J. Kent, Jr. 
George R. Kernodle 
Hilde Kiang 
Michael Kidd 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury 
Alexander Kipnis 
Prof. Philip Klein 
George Kleinsinger 
Howard Koch 
Prof. Isaac M. Kolthoff 
Pauline Koner 
Alfred Kreymborg 



Leon Kroll 

Dr. Joshua Kunitz 

Fredell Lack 

Harry C. Lamberton 

Corliss Lamont 

Millard Lampell 

John Lardner 

Ring Lardner, Jr. 

Prof. Oliver Larkin 

Rev. John Howland 
Lathrop 

Sidney Latifman 

Arthur Laurents 

Jacob Lawrence 

John Howard Lawson 

Dr. Warner Lawson 

James Lechay 

Ruth Lechitner 

Emil Lengyel 

Kenneth Leslie 

Ray Lev 

S. Lev-Landau 

Beatrice Levey 

Julian Levi 

Jack Levine 

Rabbi Felix A. Levy 

Joseph H. Levy 

Prof. Ronald B. Levy 

Brenda Lewis 

Prof. William H. Lichte 

Jose Limon 

Dr. Robert M. Lindner 

Rt. Rev. S. Harrington 
Littell 

Jacob Little 

Alice F. Liveright 

Prof. Bert James Loewen- 
berg 

Alan Lomax 

Dr. Herman W. Loiig 

Michael Loring 

Joseph Losey 

Rev. Donald G. Lothrop 

Prof. Oliver S. Loud 

Prof. Robert Morss Lovett 

Katharine Dupre Lump- 
kin 

Harry L. Lurie 

Helen M. Lynd 

Prof. Robert S. Lynd 

Annabelle Lyon 

Louis F. McCabe 

Ehzabeth McCausland 

Prof. John C. McGalliard 

John T. McManus 

Rev. Jack R. McMichael 

Prof. Wayne McMillan 

Carey McWilliams'' 

Prof. Curtis D. Mac- 
Dougall 

Dr. Duncan A. Maclnnes 

Luther K. Macnair 

A. B. Magil 

Norman Mailer 

Albert Maltz 

Erika Mann 



76512—51- 



106 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



Ruth Z. S. Mann 

Thomas Mann 

Prof. Grace F. Marcus 

Dr. F. L. Marcuse 

Dr. Judd Marmor 

John Martin 

Lawrence Martin 

Sylvia Martin 

Sophie Maslow 

Prof. F. O. Matthiessen i 

Prof. Wesley H. Maurer 

Albert Mayer 

Dr. Leo Mayer 

Eve Merriam 

Dr. WiUis B. Merriam 

Prof. Otto Meyerhof 

Peter Michael 

Arthur Miller 

Dr. Benjamin F. Miller 

Dr. Clvde R. Miller 

Mitchell Miller 

Lisette Model 

Prof. William P. Mon- 
tague 

Buckhn Moon 

Sam Moore 

Dr. PhiUp Morrison 

Jacob Moscowitz 

Rev. J. Edward Moselev 

Willard Motley 

Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moul- 
ton 

Mrs. Stuart Mudd 

Prof. Kenneth B. Mur- 
dock 

Dr. Gardner Murphy 

Dr. Henry A. Murray 

Dr. Otto Nathan 

Scott Nearing 

Prof. Edward G. Nelson 

Dr. Peter B. Neubauer 

Prof. Mabel Newcomber 

Rabbi Louis L Newman 

Edouard Nies-Berger 

Michael M. Nisseison 

Eliot Noyes 

Clifford Odets 

Elizabeth Olds 

Prof. Frank Oppenheimer 

Eugene Ormandy 

John O'Shaughnessy 

Ruth Page 

Rev. George L. Paine 

Aubrey Pankey 

Prof. Erwin Panofsky 

Dr. Edwards A. Park 

Father Clarence Parker 

Dorothy Parker 

Dr. Linus Pauling 

L Rice Pereira 

Jennings Perry 

Dr. John P. Peters 

Oscar Pettiford 

Helen Phillips 



Prof. Melber Phillips 

Elias Picheny 

Prof. Seymour M. Pitcher 

Dr. Isidore Pomerance 

Abraham L. Pomerantz 

Arthur Upham Pope 

Martin Popper 

Prof. Walter Rauten- 

strauch 
Callman Rawley 
Anton Refregier 
Dr. Ira De A. Raid 
Ad Reinhardt 
Regina Resnik 
Bertha C. Reynolds 
Vernon Rice 
Wallingford Riegger 
Lvnn Riggs 
Martin Ritt 
Dr. Dean W. Roberts 
Holland Roberts 
Prof. Walter Orr Roberts 
Paul Robeson 
Dr. E. I. Robinson 
O. John Rogge 
Harold Rome 
Dr. Theodor Rosebury 
Jonas Rosenfield, Jr. 
Norman Rosten 
Muriel Rukeyser 
Rose Russell 
Robert St. John 
Victor Samrock 
Dr. Pedro Sanjuan 
Alexander Saxton 
Dr. Bela Schick 
Prof. Margaret Schlauch 
Artur Schnabel 
Dr. Julius Schreiber 
Budd Schulberg 
Prof. Frederick L. Schu- 

man 
Dr. Lawrence W. Schwartz 
Rev. John R. Scotford 
Edwin Seaver 
Dr. Howard Selsam 
Lisa Sergio 
Ben Shahn 
Dr. Harlow Shapley 
Wesley Sharer 
Artie Shaw 
Henry Wood Shelton 
Dr. Guy Emery Shipler 
Herman Shumlin 
Eva Sikelianos 
Samuel Sillen 
Prof. Louis L. Silverman 
Edith W. Simester 
Lee Simonson 
Mitchell Siporin 
John Sloan 
Nicholas Slonimsky 
Dr. Maud Slye 
Agnes Smedley ' 



Leo Smit 

Jessica Smith 

Rev. F. Hastings Smythe 

Rabbi Elias L. Solomon 

Miriam Solovieflf 

Gale Sondergaard 

Rev. Carl D. Soule " 

Raphael Soyer 

Kenneth Spencer 

Rev. Frederick K. Stamm 

Johannes Steel 

Alfred K. Stern 

Prof. Bernhard J. Stern 

Isaac Stern 

Donald Ogden Stewart 

Marc Stone 

Paul Strand 

Prof. Dirk J. Struik 

Prof. Edward A. Such man 

Howard Edwin Sweeting 

William M. Sweets 

Paul M. Sweezy 

Earl Sydnor 

Prof. Florence Sytz 

Arthur Szyk 

George Tabora 

Helen Tamiris 

Prof. Leland H. Tavlnr 

Rev. Dr. Sidney S. Tede- 

sche 
Studs Terkel 
Dr. Milton Terris 
Prof. Randall Thompson 
Rev. T. K. Thompson 
Ernest Thurn 
Prof. Ralph B. Tower 
Prof. Charlotte Towle 
Dr. Charles Trinkaus 
Dalton Trunibo 
Prof. Ralph H. Turner 
Louis Untermeyer 
Olive Van Horn 
Mary Van Kleeck 
Prof. Thurman William 

V^an Metre 
Hilda Vaughn 
Prof. Oswald Veblen 
Nym Wales 
Henrv A. Wallace 
Bishop W. J. Walls 
Dr. J. Ravmond Walsh 
Prof. Eda Lou Walton 
Sam Wanamaker 
Prof. Harry F. Ward 
Theodore Ward 
Prof. Colston E. Warne 
Dr. Alfred H. Washburn 
Fredi Washington 
Max Weber 
Charles Weidman 
Dan Weiner 
Sid Weiss 
Marv Welch 
Prof". Gene Weltfish 



Deceased since this meeting took place. 



THE COMMUN'IST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



107 



Prof. F. W. Went 
Edward Weston 
Prof. Frank W. 

mouth 
Dr. Philip R. White 
Prof. Paul L. Whitely 
Rev. Owen Whitfield 
Prof. Norbert Wiener 
Henry Willcox 



Jay Williams 
Mitchell Wilson 
Wey- Ella Winter 

James Waterman Wise 
Prof. H. A. Witkin 
James H. Wolfe 
Ira Wolfe rt 
Martin Wolfson 
Clement Wood 



Maxine Wood 

Prof. Thomas Woody 

Rev. Evans A. Worthley 

Frank Lloyd Wright 

William Wyler 

Dr. Edward L. Young 

Dr. Gregory Zilboorg 

Ben Zion 



COMMUNIST AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS 

A tabulation of the numerous Communist-front affiliations of the sponsors of 
the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace shows the following 
interesting figures: 

One, Rockwell Kent, has been affiliated with at least eighty-five Communist- 
front organizations. 

Three, Langston Hughes^ Robert Morss Lovett, and Donald Ogden Stewart, 
have been affiliated with from seventy-one to eighty Communist-front organi- 
zations. 

Four, Paul Robeson, Mary Van Kleeck, James Waterman Wise, and Harry F. 
Ward, have been affiliated with from fifty-one to sixty Communist-front organi- 
zations. 

Eight have been affiliated with from forty-one to fifty Communist-front organi- 
zations. These include — 



Jerome Davis 
William Cropper 
Dashiell Hammett 



Corliss Lamont 
John Ho\\ ard Lawson 
Carey McWilliams 



Walter Rautenstrauch 
Margaret Schlauch 



Ten have been affiliated with from thirty-one to forty Communist-front 
organizations, and include — - 

Louis Adamic 
Edwin Berry Burgum 
Muriel Draper 
Henry Pratt Fairchild 

Twenty-seven have been affiliated with from twenty-one to thirty Communist- 
front organizations, and include — 



Lillian Hellman 
Albert Maltz 
Clifford Odets 



Herman Shumlin 
Bernard J. Stern 
Dalton Trumbo 



Thomas Addis 
Marc Blitzstein 
Millen Brand 
Aaron Copland 
Kvle Crichton 
Pearl AL Hart 
John A. Kingsbury 
Alfred Kreymborg 
Joshua Kunitz 



Kenneth Leslie 
Robert S. Lynd 
Louis F. McCabe 
Jack R. Mc Michael 
Clyde R. Miller 
Dorothy Parker 
Bertha C. Reynolds 
Frederick L. Shuman 
Edwin Seaver 



Forty-nine have been affiliated with from eleven 
organizations, and include: 

Zlatko Balokovic 



Guy Emery Shipler 
Raphael Soyer 
Alfred K. Stern 
Paul Strand 
Dirk J. Struik 
Eda Lou Walton 
Colston E. Warne 
Max Weber 
Ella Winter 

to twenty Communist-front 



S. L. U. Barlow 
Edward K. Barsky 
Herbert J. Biberman 
Algernon D. Black 
Ernest P. Boas 
Dorothy Brewster 
Henrietta Buckmaster 
Morris Carnovskv 
Adolf Dehn 
Albert Deutsch 
Earl B. Dickersou 
Martha Dodd 
Dorothy W. Douglas 
W. E. B. Du Bois ^ 
Albert Einstein 
Guy Endore 

> Deceased. 



Philip Evergood 
Lion Feuchtwanger 
Dorothy Canfield Fisher 
Minna Harkavy 
Marion Hathway 
Leo Huberman 
Leo T. Hurwitz 
Matthew Josephson 
Robert Josephy 
Robert W. Kenu}^ 
Oliver Larkin 
John Howland Lathrop 
Emil Leng3'el 
Donald G. Lothrop ^ 
Harry L. Lurie 
Thomas Mann 



F. 0. Matthiessen ' 
Wayne Ale Millen 
Gardner Murphy 
Scott Nearing 
John P. Peters 
Arthur Upham Pope 
Anton Refregier 
Wallingford Riegger 
Harold Rome 
Muriel Rukeyser 
Howard Selsam 
Harlow Shapley 
Johannes Steel 
L F. Stone 
Oswald Veblen 
J. Raymond Walsh 



108 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



Two hundred and forty- 
front organizations, and 

Berenice Abbott 
Charles B. Ackley 
Stella Adler 
Gregory Ain 
George Anthiel 
Robeiiia Anthony 
Herbert Aptheker 
James Aronson 
Edith Atwater 
Alice P. Barrows 
Mordecai Bauman 
Howard Bay 
Thomas Bell 
Aline Bernstein 
Leonard Bernstein 
Victor Bernstein 
Walter Bernstein 
Michael Blankfort 
E. M. Bluestone 
Henry Blumberg 
Aaron Bohrod 
B. A. Botkin 
Richard O. Boyer 
Kay Boyle 
Theodore Brameld 
Marlon Brando 
J. Edward Bromberg 
Thoburn T. Brumbaugh 
Paul Burlin 
David Burliuk 
E. A. Burtt 
Adolph Busch 
Allan M. Butler 
Angus Cameron 
Antoinette Cannon 
George D. Cannon 
Jonah E. Caplan 
Anton J. Carlson 
Saul Carson 
Norman Cazden 
Robert C. Challman 
Allan Chase 
Serge Chermayeff 
Edward Chodorov 
Jerome Chodorov 
Henry S. Churchill 
Nicolai Cikovsky 
Rufus E. Clement 
Robert M. Coates 
Lee J. Cobb 
J. X. Cohen 
Lester Cole 
Fannie Cook 
Norman Corwin 
Thomas Creighton 
John W. Darr, Jr. 
Howard Da Silva 
Jules Dassin 
Leo M. DavidoflF 
Jo Davidson 
John Herbert Davis 
John De Boer 
Albert C. Dieflfenbach 
Hedley S. Dimock 



■five have been affiliated with from five to ten Communist- 
include — 



Harl R. Douglass 
Olin Downes 
Paul Draper 
Jane Dudley 
James Dugan 
Barrows Dunham 
Arnaud D'Usseau 
Irwin Edman 
Haven Emerson 
Thomas I. Emerson 
Lehman Engel 
Howard Fast 
Jose Ferrer 
Sidney Finkelstein 
Irving Flamm 
Joseph Fletcher 
Clark Foreman 
Elizabeth Frazier 
Joseph Gaer 
Arthur Gaeth 
Will Geer 
Barbara Giles 
Josiah W. Gitt 
Vincent Glinsky 
Max Goberman 
Robert Cordis 
Henrietta L. Gordon 
Jay Gorney 
Harry Gottlieb 
Morton Gould 
James Gow 
Charles Graham 
Shirley Graham 
Chaim Gross 
Sidonie Gruenberg 
Ernest A. Grunsfeld 
Jack Guilford 
Robert Gwathmey 
Uta Hagen 
Margaret Halsey 
Talbot Hamlin 
E. Y. Harburg 
Georgia Harkness 
Michael Heidelberger 
Stefan Heym 
Charles A. Hill 
Joseph Hirsch 
Ira A, Hirschmann 
Chester E. Hodgson 
Syd Hoff 
Judy Holhday 
Carroll Hollister 
Libby Holman 
Eugene C. Holmes 
Lee Elbert Holt 
Charles P. Howard 
Kenneth De P. Hughes 
W. Alpheus Hunton 
Crockett Johnson 
David Jones 
Robert Joyce 
Albert E. Kahn 
Garson Kanin 
Hayward Keniston 



Stetson Kennedy 
Alexander Kipnis 
Philip Klein 
George Kleinsinger 
Howard Koch 
Isaac M. Kolthoff 
Pauline Koner 
Leon KroU 
Harry C. Lamberton 
Millard Lampell 
Ring Lardner, Jr. 
Sidney Laufman 
Jacob Lawrence 
Ray Lev 
Julian Levi 
Joseph H. Levy 
Alice Liveright 
Alan Lomax 
Joseph Losey 
Oliver S. Loud 
Helen M. Lynd 
Curtis D. MacDougal 
A. B. Magil 
Norman Mailer 
Erika Mann 
Grace F. Marcus 
F. L. Marcuse 
John Martin 
Sophie Maslow 
Elizabeth McCauslaud 
John T. McManus 
Eve Merriam 
Arthur Miller 
Benjamin F. Miller 
Bucklin Moon 
Sam Moore 
Philip Morrison 
Willard Motley 
Arthur W. Moulton 
Michael M. Nisselson 
Elizabeth Olds 
John O'Shaughnessy 
George L. Paine 
Aubrey Pankey 
Clarence Parker 
Linus Pauling 
I. Rice Pereira 
Jennings Perry 
Helen U. Phillips 
Melber Phillips 
Isidore Pomerance 
Abraham Pomerantz 
Callman Rawley 
Ira De A. Reid 
Ad Reinhardt 
Holland Roberts 
O. John Rogge 
Theodor Roseburyl 
Jonas Rosenfield, Jr. 
Norman Rosten 
Rose Russell 
Alexander Saxton 
Bela Schick 
Artur Schnabel 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



109 



William M. Sweets 
Paul M. Sweezy 
Earl Sydnor 
Arthur Szyk 
Helen Tamiris 
T. O. Thackery 
Randall Thompson 
Ernest Thurn 
Charles Trinkhaus 
Ralph H. Turner 
Louis Untermeyer 
Ohve Van Horn 
Henry A. Wallace 
Sam Wanamaker 
Theodore Ward 
Fredi Washington 
Charles Weidman 
Sid Weiss 



Budd Schulberg 
Ben Shahn 
Wesley Sharer 
Artie Shaw 
Henry Wood Shelton 
Eva Sikelianos 
Samuel Sillen 
Lee Simonson 
Mitchell Siporin 
John Sloan 
Nicholas Slonimsky 
Maud Slye 
Agnes Smedley ' 
Leo Smith 
Jessica Smith 
F. Hastings Smythe 
Gale Sondergaard 
Kenneth Spencer 

At least 49 have given their open support to Communist candidates in election 
campaigns: 

Olin Downes 
Muriel Draper 
Arnaud D'tJsseau 
Guy Endore 
Philip Evergood 
Howard Fast 
Jose Ferrer 
Will Geer 
James Gow 
Shirley Graham 
William Gropper 
Minna Harkavy 
Syd Hoff 
Leo Huberman 
Langston Hughes 
Crockett Johnson 
Matthew Josephson 

The sponsors include at least 131 individuals who have publicly defended or 
supported the Communist Party, United States of America. A minimum of 225 
of these sponsors have at one time or another defended or supported individual 
Communists. In connection with organizations, statements, or activities in 
support of the Soviet Union, we find not less than 193 names of these as the 
following tabulation will show. Furthermore, fully 137 of these persons have in 
one way or another supported Communist publications. 

The following were listed as panel moderators or chairmen: 

Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard Uni- Clifford Durr 



Herbert Aptheker 
Howard Bay 
Leonard Bernstein 
Marc Blitzstein 
Richard O. Boyer 
J. Edward Bromberg 
Millen Brand 
Henrietta Buckmaster 
Edward Chodorov 
Jerome Chodorov 
Robert M. Coates 
Lester Cole 
Aaron Copland 
Kyle Crichton 
Howard Da Silva 
Adolf Dehn 
Anton Dolin 



Gene Weltfish 
F. W. Went 
Frank W. Weymouth 
Philip R. White 
Henry Willcox 
Jay Williams 
James H. Wolfe 
Ira Wolfert 
Martin Wolfson 
Maxine Wood 
Thomas Woody 
Evans A. Worthley 
Frank Lloyd Wright 
William Wyler 
Edward L. Young 
Gregory Zilboorg 
Ben Zion 



Rockwell Kent 
Alfred Kreymborg 
John Howard Lawson 
Ray Lev 
Paul Robeson 
Edwin Seaver 
Howard Selsam 
Kenneth Spencer 
William M. Sweets 
Helen Tamiris 
Dalton Trumbo 
Mary Van Kleeck 
Fredi Washington 
Max Weber 
Ella Winter 



versity 
Serge Chermayeff 
Herbert J. Davis 

College 
Marshall E. Dimock 

University 
Olin Downes, New York Times 



W. E. B. DuBois 
Rev. J. Howland Lathrop 
president, Smith Prof. Philip Morrison, Cornell Uni- 
versity 
Northwestern Harlow Shapley, Harvard 
Louis Untermeyer 
Dr. Edward Young 



The following were listed as panel speakers: 



Victor Bernstein 

Rev. Shelton Hale Bishop 

Richard O. Boyer 

Dorothy Brewster, Columbia Univer- 
sity 

Allan M. Butler, Harvard 

Aaron Copland 

Prof. Herbert John Davis, president, 
Smith College 

'Deceased. 



J. De Boer, University of 
Dimock, Northwestern 



Prof. John 

Illinois 
Marshall E, 

University 
Olin Downes, New York Times 
W. E. B. DuBois 
Clifford Durr 
Phillip Evergood 
Howard Fast 



110 



THE COMlMUNISrr "PEAiCE" OFFENISIVE 



Henry Pratt Fairchild, New York 
University 

Arthur Gaeth, radio commentator 

Dr. John Gillen, University of North 
Carolina 

Morton Gould 

Shirley Graham 

W. A. Higinbotham, Brookhaven Na- 
tional Laboratory 

Hayward Keniston, Michigan Univer- 
sity 

Rev. John Howard Lathrop 

John Howard Lawson, screen writer 

Jacob Lawrence 

Ray Lev 

Rt. Rev. S. Harrington Littell, retired 
bishop of Honolulu 

Bert James Loewenberg, Sarah Law- 
rence College 

David M. Lubbock 

Charles A. Madison 

Norman Mailer 

Grace E. Marcus 

F. O. Matthiessen, Harvard 

Albert Mayer 

Dr. Donovan J. McCune, Columbia 

Prof. Philip Morrison 

Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, retired 
bishop of Utah 

Rabbi Louis Newman 

Clifford Odets 

Anton Refregier, 



Prof. Ira De A. Reid, Haverford 

College 
Walter Orr Roberts, Harvard 

0. John Rogge 

Theodore Roseburg, Columbia Uni- 
versity 

Rose Russell, United Public Workers 
of America 

Dr. Julius Schreiber 

Prof. Frederick L. Schuman, Williams 
College 

Prof. Harlow Shapley, Harvard 

Guy Emery Shipler 

Henry T. Shotwell, American Institute 
of Architects 

Agnes Smedley 

1. F. Stone 
Paul Sweezy 
Helen Tamiris 

T. O. Thackrey, New York Post 

Allan A. Twichell 

Louis Untermeyer 

Henry A. W^allace 

Sam Wanamaker 

Theodore W^ard 

Prof. Colston W. Warne, Amherst 

College 
Prof. Gene W^eltfish, Columbia Univer-^ 

sity 
Henrv Willcox 
Ira AVolfert 
Dr. Edward Young 



APPENDIX III 

(Part 1) 

Americans Sponsoring the World Peace Congress Held in Paris, April 1949* 

(The following individuals appear in one or more of the following publications: 
World Congress for Peace, Paris, April 20-23, 1949, American Sponsoring Com- 
mittee, World Congress for Peace, room 1111, 119 West Fiftv-seventh Street, 
New York 19, N. Y., leaflet; Daily Worker, April 18, 1949, pp. 2 and 9; New 
York Times, April 16, 1949.) 

Rev. Charles A. Ackley Mike Gold 



A. Acklev 
Stella Adler 
James Aronson 
Elmer Benson 
B. A. Botkin 
Richard O. Boyer 
Joseph Brainen 
Dr. Charlotte 

Brown 
Harry Bridges 
Angus Cameron 
Charlie Chaplin 
Rabbi J. X. Cohen 
Jo Davidson 
Henry Longfellow Dana 
Olin Downes 
Muriel Draper 
W. E. B. DuBois 
Henry Pratt Fairchild 
Howard Fast 
Lion Feuchtwanger 
Daniel S. Gillmor 
Elinor Gimbel 



Shirley Graham 
Donald Henderson 
Mineola Ingersoll 
Ada Bell Jackson 
Sam Jaffe 

Rabbi D. A. Jessurun 
Hawkins Albert E. Kahn 
Rockwell Kent 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury 
Leo Krzycki 
John Howard Lawson 
F. O. Matthiessen ' 
John Marsalka 
Arthur Miller 
Arthur W. Moulton 
Philip Morrison 
Scott Nearing 
CliflFord Odets 
Aubrey Pankey 
Clarence Parker 
Martin Popper 
Raymond Robins 



Paul Robeson 
O. John Rogge 
Norman Rosten 
Martin Russell 
Rose Russell 
Frederick L. Schuman- 
Artur Schnabel 
Edwin Seaver 
Artie Shaw 

Dr. Guy Emery Shipler 
Dr. Maud Slye 
Raphael Soyer 
Arthur Szyk 
George Tabori 
Helen Tamiris 
Louis Untermeyer 
Dr. Mray Van Kleeck 
Nym Wales 
Max Weber 
Dr. Gene Weltfish 
Leonore Sophie Stewart 
(Ella Winter) 



' Deceased. 



THE COMMUNilST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



111 



(Part 2) 

(Official leaflet of the American Sponsoring Committee, World Congress for 
Peace, suite 1111, 119 West Fifty-seventh St., New York 19, N. Y.) 

Cochairmen: Bishop Arthur W. Moulton, Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, O. John Rogge 

Greetings From American Sponsors to World Congress for Peace, 
Paris, April 20-25, 1949 

As American citizens deeply concerned with the welfare of our land and the 
maintenance of world peace, we send our warmest greetings to the World Peace 
Congress, unprecedented in its proportion and so deeply meaningful at this crucial 
instant in the history of mankind. 

We join with millions of men and women of other lands in voicing the heartfelt 
and inflexible resolve that there must not be another war. 

We stand firmly united in the common determination that peace must prevail 
in the world. 



Berenice Abbott 

Rev. Charles B. Ackley 

Stella Adler 

John Alexander 

Oliver S. Allen 

Robert Alswang 

Kurt Anderson 

Robenia Anthony 

Dr. Herbert Aptheker 

Bruno Aron 

James Aronson 

Mordecai Bauman 

Thomas Bell 

Elmer Bendiner 

Elmer Benson 

Walter Bernstein 

Kevork Berbian 

Herbert Biberman 

Boris Blai 

Prof. Henry Blumberg 

Hans Blumenfeld 

B. A. Botkin 

Richard O. Boyer 

Joseph Brainen 

Howard Bay 

George Brazilier 

Dorothy Brewster 

Dr. Charlotte Hajwkjins 

Brown 
Lucy Brown 
Dr. Allan M. Butler 
J. M. Budish 
Richard Burgin 
Desmond Callan 
Norman Cazden 
Rabbi D. A. Jessurun 

Cardozo 
Jerome Chodorov 
Nicolai Cikovsky 
Rabbi J. X. Cohen 
Shirlee Clarke 
W. G. Clugston 
Abraham Cronbach 
Prof. Henry Wadsworth 

Longfellow Dana 
Rev. John W. Darr, Jr. 
Roger DeKoven 
Jo Davidson 
Freda Diamond 



Martha Dodd 

Muriel Draper 

Dr. W. E. B. DuBois 

Arnaud D'Usseau 

Carlos Dore-Aurieta 

Olin Downes 

Harriet G. Eddy 

Morris Eisenstein 

Thomas L Emerson 

Philip Ebergood 

Prof. Henry Pratt Fair- 
child 

Howard Fast 

Robert D. Field 

Abe Feinglass 

Sidney Finkelstein 

Irving H. Flamm 

Prof. Joseph F. Fletcher 

Elizabeth P. Frazier 

Dr. F. S. Freeman 

Lion Feuchtwanger 

Joseph Gaer 

Jack Gilford 

Barbara Giles 

Daniel S. Gillmor 

Elinor S. Gimbel 

Vincent Glinsky 

Rabbi Herbert S. Gold- 
stein 

Jay Gorney 

Harry Gottlieb 

Shirley Graham 

William Cropper 

Chaim Gross 

Robert Gwathmey 

Minna R. Harkavy 

Pearl M. Hart 

Hagop T. Hatzakortzian 

Herbert Haufrecht 

Edler G. Hawkins 

Edna Wolff" Hopper 

Rev. Charles A. Hill 

Rose Hobart 

Prof. Eugene C. Holmes 

Osa Hopp 

Leo Huberman 

Kim Hunter 

Rev. Kenneth De P. 
Hughes 



W. A. Hunton 
Leo Hurwitz 
Alfonso lannelli 
Frank Ilchuk 
Mineola TngersoU 
Ada B. Jackson 
Ruth Jett 
Robert Joyce 
Rita Judd 
Albert E. Kahn 
Rockwell Kent 
Dr. J. Spencer Kennard 
Stetson Kennedy 
Billie Kirpich 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury 
L M. Kolthoff 
Doris Koppelman 
Pauline Koner 
Alfred Dreymborg 
Leo Kryzcici 
S. Lev-Landau 
Sidney Laufman 
John Howard Lawson 
Ray Lev.' 
Jack Levine 
Joseph H. Levy 
Ronald B. Levy 
Dr. Robert M. Lindner 
Jack Lee 
Pietro Lucchi 
Meridel LeSeur 
Curtis D. MacDougall 
Luther K. MacNair 
A. B. Magil 
F. L. Marcuse 
Prof. John Marsalka 
Prof. F. O. Matthiessen 
Elizabeth McCausland 
John T. McManus 
Arthur Miller 
Dr. Benjamin Miller 
Mack Minkoff 
Lizette Model 
Elizabeth Moos 
Prof. Philip Morrison 
Jacob Moscowitz 
Bishop Arthur W. Moul- 
ton 
Scott Nearing 



112 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEGSTSIVE 



Dr. Peter B. Neubaiier 
Clifford Odets 
Elizabeth Olds 
Rev. George L. Paine 
Bubrey Pankey 
Father Clarence Parker 
William L. Patterson 
M. Philips 
Elias Picheny 
George Pirinsky 
Seymour M. Pitcher 
Mrs. Lionel D. Perara, Jr. 
Abraham Pomerantz 
Martin Popper 
Walter Rautenstrauch 
Charles Recht 
Anton Refregier 
Ernie Riemer 
Bertha C. Reynolds 
Wallingford Riegger 
Dr. Holland Roberts 
Raymond Robins 
O. John Rogge 
Norman Rosten 
Annette T. Rubinstein 
Ruth W. Russ 
Maud Russell 
Rose Russell 



Victor Samrock 
George Sandler 
Prof. Margaret Schlauch 
Dr. Artur Schnabel 
Prof. Frederick L. Schu- 

man 
Edwin Seaver 
Dr. Howard Selsam 
Doris Senk 
Artie Shaw 
Eva Sikelianos 
Samuel Sillen 
Mitchell Siporin 
Dr. Maud Slye 
Agnes Smedley 
Jessica Smith 
Elias L. Solomon 
Joe Sommers 
Raphael Soyer 
Mrs. Laurence D. Steefel 
Johannes Steel 
Dr. Bernhard Stern 
Bernard Stoller 
Paul Strand 
Prof. Dirk J. Struik 
Paul M. Sweezy 
Earl Sydnor 
Arthur Szyk 



George Tabori 

Helen Tamiris 

Prof. Leland H. Taylor 

Studs Terkel 

Dr. Mary Church Terrell 

Dr. Charles Trinkaus 

Jeannette Turner 

Ralph H. Turner 

Louis Untermeyer 

Dr. Mary Van Kleeck 

Hilda Vaughn 

Nym Wales 

Eda Lou Walton 

Fredi Washington 

Max Weber 

Louis Weinstock 

Dr. Gene Weltfish 

Frank W. Weymouth 

Henry Willcox 

Jay Williams 

Joseph Winogradsky 

Ella Winter 

Milton Wolff 

Martin Wolfson 

Clement Wood 

Thomas Woody 

Edward L. Young 

Ben Zion 



APPENDIX IV 



(Supplement to New Times, No. 19, May 10, 1950, pp. 54 and 55) 

Permanent Committee of the World Congress for Peace 

The concluding session of the World Congress for Peace elected a Permanent 
Committee consisting of the following members: 

France 

Prof. Frederic Joliot-Curie, French High Commissioner for Atomic Energy 

Prof. Irene Joliot-Curie, Nobel Laureate 

Louis Aragon, writer 

Mme. Eugenie Cotton, president, International Democratic Women's Federation 

Guy de Boysson, president. World Federation of Democratic Youth 

Pablo Picasso, artist 

Louis Saillant, general secretary, WFTU 

Abbe Jean Boulier 

Laurent Casanove, Deputy 

De Chambrun, Deputy 

Pierre Cot, Deputy 

Yves Farge, ex-minister 

Jean Lafitte, writer 

Alain Le Leap, general secretary, General Confederation of Labour 

Marie-Claude Vaillant-Couturier, general secretary, International Democratic 

Women's Federation 
Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie, Deputy 
Francoise Leclercq, secretary, French Women's Union 
Allen, miner 
Fernando Clavo, peasant 

United States 
O. John Rogge, lawyer 
Prof. W. Du Bois, historian- 
Albert Kahn, journalist 
Bishop A. W. Moulton 
Paul Robeson, singer 
Howard Fast, writer 
Donald Henderson, trade-union leader 
Dr. Gene Weltfish, professor of Columbia University 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 113 

Great Britain 

Prof. J. D. Bernal, M. P. 

D. N. Pritt, lawyer 

J. G. Crowther, writer 

Dr. Hewlett Johnson, dean of Canterbury 

R. Berch, worker 

Marie Pritt 

K. Zilliacus, M. P. 

Nora Wooster, phvsicist 

Mrs. E. Allen 

John Wood, miner 

J. Platts-Mills, M. P. 

U. S. S. R. 

Alexander Fadeyev, writer 

Alexander Korneichuk, writer 

Wanda Wassilewska, authoress 

Ilya Ehrenbourg, writer 

Zinaida Gagarina, member of the Anti-Fascist Committee of Soviet Women 

Lyubov Kosmodemyanskaya, teacher 

Alexei Maresyev, air pilot 

Pavel Shelakhin, secretary, Central Committee of the Miners' Trade Union 

Metropolitan Nikolai, of Krutitsy and Kolomna 

China 

Prof. Kuo Mo-jo, historian 

Prof. Ma Ying-chu, economist 

Lu Ning-yi, vice president, Cninese Association of Labour 

Emi Hsiao, poet 

Italy 

Pietro Ninni, Deputy 

Einaudi, writer 

Prof. Ambrogio Donini 

Renato Guttuso, painter 

Titto Ruffo, singer 

Fernando Santi, secretary, Italian General Confederation of Labour 

Giulio Cerreti, president, Italian Cooperative League 

Maria-Maddalena Rossi, president. League of Italian Women 

Emiiio Sereni, senator 

Guido Miglioli, secretary. Agrarian Constituent Assembly 

Adda Alesandrini, Christian Movement for Peace 

Dr. Amadeo, secretary. Democratic Front of the South 

Mme. Pisano, peasant 

Africa 

Gabriel d'Arboussier, general secretar.y, Democratic Union of Africa 

Guy Abbas, general secretary, Dakar Trade Union Federation 

Albania 

Manol Konomi, president, Institute of Sciences 

Algeria 

Abder-Khaman Buchama, architect 

Germany 

Otto Nuschke, president, German People's Council 

Alexander Abusch, writer 

Fritz Basel, member of Saar Parliament 

Heinrich Fink, docker 

Anna Seghers, authoress 

Argentina 

Dr. Julio L. Peluffo 

Gerardo Scolamieri 

Australia 

Noel Counihan, painter 

Belgium 

Brunfaut, secretary, Belgian Women's Union 



114 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Bra zil 

Jorge Amado, writer 

H. Prado 

Prof. Paulo Fonseca 

Bulagria 

Professor Ludmil Stoyanov 

Canada 

James Endicott, writer 

Chile 

Pablo Neruda, poet 

Korea 

Han Ser Ya, writer 

Pak Den Ai 

Cuba 

Juan Marinello, writer 

Denmark 

Martin Andersen Nexo, writer 

Edvard Heiberg, architect 

A. Olsen 

Spain 

Jose Giral, former Prime Minister 

Manuel Sanchez Argas, architect 

Finland 

Vaino Meltti, prefect 

Greece 

M. Axioti, authoress 

Guatemala 

Jose-Manuel Fortuny, journalist 

Hungary 

Erdei 

Gyorgy Lukacs, writer 

Holland 

Rie Lips Odinot 

Marcus Bakker, president, Dutch General Youth League 

India 

Shelvankar 
Indonesia 

Dr. Pratomo, journalist 
Iraq 

Dr. Joseph Mastane 
Iran 

Iscanderi, former Minister 
Ireland 
Hilda Verlin 
Lebanon 

Antoine Tabet, architect 

Mustafa el-Ariss, chairman of the Lebanon Trade Union Federation of Workers 
and Employees 



THE COMMUNIIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 115 

Luxemburg 

Prof. Edmond Reuter 

Madagascar 

Razakarivoni, member of the Economic Council 

Mexico 

General Cardenas 

Lombardo Toledano, president, Confederation of Labour of Latin America 

Mongolian People's Republic 

Zhargal Salkhan, member of the Committee on Science 

Norway 

Prof. Mimi Sverdrup-Lunden 

Peder Vestad, trade-union leader 

Poland 

Jerzy Borejsza, general secretary, All-Polish Committee for Defense of Peace 

Tadeusz Cwik, general secretary, Central Committee of Trade Unions 

Irena Sztachelska, president, League of Polish Women 

Professor Dembowski 

Rumania 

Mihail Sadoveanu, writer 

Prof. Florica Mezincescu 

C. Lepadatu, railwayman 

Sweden 

Dr. Nils Silfverskiold 

Switzerland 

Prof. Andre Bonnard 

Czechoslovakia 

Jan Mukarovsky, rector of the Karlowa University 

A. Hodinova-Spurna, vice chairman, National Assembly 

Russik, miner 

Transvaal 

D. Buckle, trade-union leader 
Trieste 

Atto Braun, engineer 

Tunis 

Nuri Boudali, trade-union leader 

Urvguay 

Julia Arevalo, Senator 

Venezuela 

Miguel Otero Silva, journaUst 

Viet-Nam 

Pam Ui Tong, poet 

Yugoslavia 

Prof. Josip Vidmar, president of the Nationalities Veche of the People's Skup- 

schina 
International Students' Union: Grohman 
International Organization of Journalists: Jiri Hronek 



116 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



APPENDIX V 

(OflBcial leaflet published by the American Continental Congress for Peace) 

Address in the United States: 

American Continental Congress for Peace 
Room 70, 49 West Forty-fourth Street 
New York 18, N. Y. 

Call to the American Continental Congress for Peace, Mexico Citt, 
September 5-10, 1949 

signers of the call (from the united states) 



Charlotta A. Bass 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins 

Brown 
Muriel Draper 
Mineola V. Ingersol 
Ada B. Jackson 
Frances Leber 
Susan B. Anthony Mac- 

Avov 



Vivian Carter Mason 
Elizabeth Moos 
Eslanda G. Robeson 
Rose Russell 
Elizabeth Sasuly 
Dr. Maude Slye 
Jeannette Stern Turner 
Marion Ulmer 
Daisy Kendall Ward 



Ella Winter 
Margaret Zorach 
Viola M. Brown 
Helen S. Mangold 
Charlotte Stern 



united states sponsors, AMERICAN CONTINENTAL CONGRESS FOR PEACE 



Jules C. Abercauph 
John J. Abt 
Rev. Stacy Adams 
Helen L. Alfred 
Walter Allmendinger 
Rabbi Michael Alper 
Kurt Anderson 
Herbert Aptheker 
Rev. Lee H. Ball 
Alice P. Barrows 
Dr. Edward K. Barsky 
Bernard Bauni 
Thomas Bell 
Elmer Benson 
John T. Bernard 
Walter Bernstein 
Herbert J. Bigerman [sic] 

(Herbert J. Biberman) 
Dr. B. Franklin Blotz 
Peter Blume 
Richard O. Boyer 
Kay Boyle 
Jocelyn Brando 
Dorothy Brewster 
Lucy Brown 
Edwin Berry Burgum 
David Burliuk, Sr. 
James J. Burns 
Dr. Allan Butler 
Rev. Fred I. Cairns 
Angus Cameron 
A. J. Carlson 
Norman Cazden 



Rev. Ruthven S. Chal- 
mers 
Allan Chase 
Alvin B. Christman 
George A. Coe 
Earl Conrad 
Paul Corey 
John O. Crane 
Abraham Cronbach 
G. H. Daggett 
Henry W. L. Dana 
Rev. John W. Darr, Jr. 
Percy M. Dawson 
John J. DeBoer 
Ernest De Maio 
Jasper Deeter 
Freda Diamond 
Earl B. Diskerson 
Katherine Dodd 
Martha Dodd 
James Dombrowski 
Olin Downes 
Paul Draper 
Barrows Dunham 
Virginia Durr 
Arnaud D'Usseau 
Harriet G. Eddy 
Winston C. Edwards 
Tillman H. Erb 
Phillip Evergood 
Henry Pratt Fairchild 
Fyke Farmer 
Howard Fast 



John B. Faulk 
Lion Feuchtwanger 
Frederick W. Field 
Sidney Finkelstein 
Rev. Joseph Fletcher 
Rev. Kenneth R. Forbes 
Clark Foreman 
Waldo Frank 
Morris Gainor 
Barbara Giles 
Max Goberman 
Ben Zion Boldberg 
Harry Gottlieb 
Priciila B. Grace 
Shirley Graham 
Harry Granick 
Rabbi David Graubart 
Percy Greene 
Marion Greenwood 
William Gropper 
Harry Grundfest 
Ralph H. Gundlach 
Rev. P. L. Hailey 
Dashiell Hammett 
Charles H. Hapgood 
Mina Harkavy 
Dr. D. L. Harris 
William Harrison 
Sheldon Hart 
Herbert Haufrect 
R. S. Havenor 
Karl F. Heiser 
Donald Henderson 



THE COJVIMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSTVE 



117 



Edna WolflF Henner 

Stefan Heym 

Sammy Hej'ward 

J. Allen Hickerson 

Rev. Charles A. Hill 

Joseph Hirsch 

Rose Hobart 

Carroll Hollister 

Charles P. Howard 

Rev. Kenneth de P. 

Hughes 
M. Louise Hunt 
Leo Hurwitz 
Reginald Johnson 
Mervin Jules 
Albert E. Kahn 
Jack Kamaiko 
Rockwell Kent 
Paul J. Kern 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury 
Howard Koch 
L M. Kolthoff 
Saul Kress 
Harry C. Lamberton 
Corliss Lamont 
Millard Lampell 
Ring Lardner, Jr. 
Sidney Laufman 
Arthur Laurents 
John Howard Lawson 
Ray Lev 
S. Lev-Landu 
Ronald B. Levy 
Maxim Lieber 
Alan Lomax 

Rev. Donald G. Lothrop 
Curtis D. MacDougall 
Luther K. MacNair 
A. B. Magil 
F. O. Matthiessen 
Albert Maltz 
Thomas Mann 
Hon. Vito Marcantonio 
F. L. Marcuse 
Adele Margolis 
Ben Margolis 
Larkin Marshall 
John Marsalka 
Dr. Leo ?klaver 
Louis F. McCabe 
Elizabeth McCausland 
Rev. Warren H. McKenna 
Rev. Jack Mc Michael 
Rev. William Howard 

Melish 



Minnie Meltzer 

Willie B. Merriam 

Rev. Michael Millen 

Dr. Benjamin F. Miller 

Clyde Miller 

Richard B. Moore 

Howard Morgan 

June Morgan 

Jacob Moscowitz 

Willard Motlev 

Rt. Rev. Arthur W. 

Moulton 
Rev. Robert M. ^Nluir 
Capt. Hugh IMulzac 
George B. Murphy, Jr. 
Berenice Near 
Scott Nearing 
Clifford Odets 
Elizabeth Olds 
Arthur Osman 
Aubrey Pankey 
Erwin Panofsky 
Dorothy Parker 
Meyer Parodneck 
William J. Pennock 
Jennings Perry 
Elias Picheny 
Seymour M. Pitcher 
Abel Plenn 
Arthur Pollack 
Abraham L. Pomerantz 
Martin Popper 
Charles S. Preston 
Willard B. Ransom 
Aallman Rawley 
Rev. J. W. Reed 
Anton Refregier 
Bertha C. Reynolds 
John G. Rideout 
Wallingford Riegger 
Holland Roberts 
Col. Raymond Robins 
Reid Robinson 
Eleanor Rollins 
Muriel Rukeyser 
Lee Sabinson 
Alexander P. Saxton 
Dr. Artur Schnabel 
Arthur Schuster 
Viola Scott 
Edwin Seaver 
Joseph P. Selly 
Howard S^elsam 
Dr. Harlow Shapley 



Rt. Rev. David William 

Short 
Eva Sikelianos 
Samuel Sillen 
Attott Simon 
Agnes Smedley 
Rev. F. Hastings Smyth 
Anna Sokolov 
Gale Sondergaard 
Estaban Soriano 
Moses Sover 

Rev. William B. Spaflford 
Theodore Stanford 
Joseph Starobin 
Alfred K. Stern 
Bernard J. Stern 
Donald Ogden Stewart 
Paul Strand 
Dirk J. Struik 
Howard Edwin Sweeting 
William M. Sweets 
Alva W. Taylor 
Leland H. Taylor 
Rabbi Samuel Teitlebaum 
Albert Thieme 
Nicholas Topping 
Dalton Trumbo 
Hilda Vaughn 
Clara Vincent 
Nym Wales 

Hon. Henrv A. Wallace 
Dr. Harry F. Ward 
Lynd Ward 
Theodore Ward 
Colston E. Warne 
Alfred H. Washburn 
Mrs. Alfred H. Washburn 
Max Weber 
Frank Wedl 
Mrs. Harvey Weeks 
Louis Weinstock 
Edward Weston 
Henry N. Wieman 
Henry Willcox 
Harold C. Williams 
James Waterman Wise 
Rolland E. Wolfe 
Martin Wolfman 
Clement Wood 
Thomas Woody 
Dr. Edward L. Young 
Mrs. Doris E. Youngblood 
Tracy F. Youngblood 
Ben Zion 
William Zorach 



118 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

APPENDIX VI 

American Sponsoring Committee for Representation at the Second World- 
Peace Congress 

The Daily Worker, official organ of the Communist Party, U. S. A., listed the 
following individuals as members of the American Sponsoring Committee for 
Representation at the Second World Peace Congress. The names were carried 
in the Daily Worker issues dated October 19, 1950 (.p. 3); October 30, 1950 (p. 5) ; 
and November 9, 1950 (p. 2). 

Prof. Joseph Fletcher, professor of Christian social ethics at the Episcopal 

Theological Seminary, Cambridge, Mass. 
Rt. Rev. W. Appleton Lawrence, Protestant Episcopal bishop of western 

Massachusetts. 
Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Utah (retired). 
Rt. Rev. John Moore Walker, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Atlanta, Ga. 
Charlotta Bass, publisher of the California Eagle, Los Angeles, Calif. 
Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard University Medical School, Cambridge, Mass. 
Prof. Anton J. Carlson, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, anthropologist and historian, New York City. 
Dr. E. Franklin Frazier, chairman, department of sociology, Howard University, . 

Washington, D. C. 
Rev. John Paul Jones, Union Church of Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury, former commissioner of public welfare, New York. 
Robert Morss Lovett, former Governor of the Virgin Islands, Chicago, 111. 
Prof. Philip Morrison, nuclear physicist, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. 
Dr. Theodor Rosebury, bacteriologist, Columbia UniversitV, New York. 
Vida D. Scudder, professor emeritus, Wellesley College, Massachusetts. 
Fred Stover, president, Iowa Farmers Union, Hampden, Iowa. 
Artur Schnabel, concert pianist. 
Bishop W. J. Walls, Chicago, 111. 
Prof. Fleming James, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn. 

Delegates from the United States to the Second World Peace Congress included ' 
the following individuals, according to the Daily Worker issues dated November 7, 
1950 (p. 2), and November 16, 1950 (p. 1): 

Bishop William J. Walls, of Chicago, 111., secretary of the board of bishops of the 
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, and honorary chairman. Committee 
on Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact. 

Rev. John Paul Jones, on behalf of the W^orld Alliance for Friendship Through the 
Churches. 

Mrs. Theresa Robinson, Washington, D. C, chairman of the civil liberties com- 
mittee of Negro Elks. 

Rev. Linwood J. Fauntleroy, president of the Oakland, Calif'., Ministerial Alliance. 

Dr. John A. Kingsbury, member of American Sponsoring Committee for Repre- 
sentation at the Second World Peace Congress. 

Mrs. Dorothy B. Cole, of the Chicago Conference of Club Presidents. 

Angeline R. Mensik, of the Czech-American Peace Committee. 

James E. Miller, of the United Auto Workers Local 453. Chicago, 111. 

Mrs. Millie Lucas, Chicago, 111., who obtained 3,000 signatures to the Stockholm 
Peace Appeal. 

Rev. Willard Uphaus, New Haven, Conn., executive secretary of the National 
Labor and Relicious Foundation. 

Rev. Warren McKenna. of Boston. Mass. 

Rev. Robert M. Miiir. Boston. Mass. 

Massie Kennard, Chicago, 111., chairman of the Illinois Christian Youth for Peace. 

Leibel Bergman, St. Paul, Minn. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 119 

APPENDIX VII 

"World Peace Appeal," Adopted by the Permanent International Com- 
mittee, World Peace Congress, Representing More Than 900,000,000 
People, Issued to all Governments, Organizations, and to all Peoples 
Throughout the World 

united states youth sponsoring committee (committee still in 
formation) 

Dorothy Annrews, Scrooby Club, Western Knoll Congregational Church, Los 
Angeles 

Jeanne and Harold E. Barnhardt, Jr., Society of Friends, Penn Valley Meeting, 
Kansas City, Mo. 

Herschel Bernard, Hillel Independent Organization, University of Texas 

Bob Binion, local No. 486, UAW-CIO, Cleveland 

Charles Bisdee, chairman, Committee to End Discrimination, University of 
Michigan 

Paul Boatin, president, Motor Unit, Ford Local No. 600, UAW-CIO, Detroit 

Earl Budin, director, Philadelphia Youth for Peace 

Constance Claj^ton, cochairman. High School Fellowship, Philadelphia 

Ike Clinton, administrative secretary. Young Progressives of America, New York 

Gil Gerena, business agent, local No. 6, Hotel and Restaurant Workers, AFL, 
New York 

Douglas Glasgow, NAACP, New York 

Dorothy Gottlieb, executive secretary, American Youth for a Free World 

Bernard Greenside, Young Adult Group, Hecht House, Dorchester Community 
Center, Massachusetts 

Nat Halebsky, editor. City College of New York Observation Post, New York 

Nora Irvin, Seventh Day Adventist Church, Cleveland 

Lawrence Jackson, NAACP, Cleveland 

Rev. Father Frederick B. Jansen, St. James Episcopal Church, Massachusetts 

Sylvia Johnson, vice president, NAACP Youth Council, Philadelphia 

Sallie Kerney, secretary, International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's 
Union, Chicago 

Doris Koppelman, Jewish youth leader. New York 

Norman Ledgin, city editor, Morning Leader, Clifton, N. J. 

James Lee, Chinese Youth Club, New York 

Howard W. Linnard, Methodist Federation for Social Action, Austin, Tex. 

Ed Lock, president. Plastic Unit, Ford Local No. 600, UAW-CIO, Detroit 

William K. McAfee, International Typographical Union, Austin, Tex. 

Percy Hayes McNutt, chairman, Democracy in Education, University of Michi- 
gan 

Jacqueline Mitchell, NAACP Student Council, Radcliffe College, Massachusetts 

John Morris, president. Unitarian Student Guild, University of Michigan 

Dave Moore, vice president, Gear and Axle Unit, Ford Local No. 600, UAW-CIO, 
Detroit 

Jay Oswalt, United World Federalists, University of Texas 

George E. Pappas, chairman, NSA delegation. School of Education, New York 
Universitv 

Leonard Parks, YMCA, Cleveland 

Kerry Preston, Peace Committee, Wesley Foundation, Austin, Tex. 

Paul Robeson, Jr., New York 

Ernest N. Rymer, national director, Jewish Young Fraternalists, New York 

Lulu M. Rowley, eastern area missionary, Women's American Baptist Home 
Mission Society, Chicago 

James Sabal, vice president. Phi Iota Alpha, University of Michigan 

Hortense Sie, executive secretary, Committee for International Student Coopera- 
tion, New York 

John Sloss, president, American Veterans Committee, University of Michigan 

Mary Sutera, YWCA, Cleveland 

Lewis Tout, Farmers Union, Forbes, N. Dak. 

Earl L. Walter, Youth Division, Hamilton Methodist Church School 

Vivian Washington, Encampment for Citizenship, Cleveland Alumni 

Don Willmott, Y open forum committee, YMCA, Oberlin College, Ohio 

Leon Wofsy, national chairman. Labor Youth League, New York 
(Organization for identification only.) 



120 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OrFE]SrSIVE 

APPENDIX VIII 

The documents reprinted below were introduced into the records of 
the Committee on Un-American Activities on October 13, 1950, by- 
Matthew Cvetic, former undercover agent for the FBI in Western 
Pennsylvania Communist Party. The directives were issued by the 
Communist Party in connection with its peace campaign. 

Plan of Work of National Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A., 
July 15 to Labor Day, 1950 

The military intervention of Wall Street imperialism and its bipartisan com- 
bination in Washington against the people of Korea confirms the correctness 
of our party's analysis made during the entire past period and emphasized at our 
last national committee meeting. Our party showed that the Wall Street monop- 
olists, growing ever more desperate in the face of the rising strength of the 
world peace camp and the expanding resistance of the American people, are 
feverishly preparing for war to enslave the whole world. The aggressive armed 
attack against the people of Korea, and United States imperialist intervention 
in the whole of Asia, clearly shows that American imperialism has now entered 
the open military phase of its preparations to unleash World War III, threatening 
to embroil the whole world in a new world holocaust. 

The war in Korea provoked by United States imperialism has aroused the 
anger and strengthened the vigilance or the world forces for peace, championed 
by the camp of democracy and socialism, including millions of people in our own 
country. All those who strive for peace recognize that at this moment the 
struggle for peace can and must be advanced by a twofold fight. (1) By a resolute 
fight to demand the withdrawal of imperialism forces from Korea in order to 
enable the people there to achieve national unification and liberation without 
outside interference; and (2) simultaneously extending the movement to prevent 
world war III by fighting for United States-Soviet agreement, for the necessity 
and possibility of peaceful coexistence and competition on a world scale of the 
two social systems, and extending the demand for the seating of the representa- 
tives of New China in the UN in order that the UN can once again function in 
accord with the UN Charter. 

The basic campaign for peace outlined by our party in the national committee 
peace plan remains the central task today; the campaign to help secure 5,000,00') 
signatures to the world peace appeal initiated by the peace forces in our country; 
the building of the labor conference for peace and other broad people's movements 
for peace; the fight to defend civil hberties, for the release of our general secretary, 
Eugene Dennis, and the freedom of the 11; the defense of the economic conditions 
of the workers and their trade-unions, and the building of our party and the 
working-class press. 

The membership of our party, and the millions of workers and Negro masses, 
must be imbued with confidence that it is possible to stop the Wall Street aggres- 
sion in Korea and save world peace. To help heighten the quality of our entire 
work to realize the perspectives set by our national committee, the following 
national plan has been adopted for the period from July 15 to Labor Day, which 
should be the basis of concrete and practical plans to be formulated by all State 
committees. The fulfillment of these plans must be firmly checked in -the course 
of our day-to-day activity. 

I. IDEOLOGICAL TASKS 

Every single member of our party must be equipped politically with the neces- 
sary arguments to combat the intensified barrage of Wall Street propaganda 
aimed to confuse and divide the ranks of the American working class. Every 
Communist must be in a position to clarify and answer all questions raised by the 
workers in the shops and communities, to show how the true interests of the 
American working class and people, the true interests of our nation, are protected, 
only in the struggle against Wall Street imperialism. From this standpoint we 
propose the carrying through of the following tasks: 

1. The immediate holding discussions in all clubs on the imperialist character 
of the attack on Korea, to be based on Comrade Gus Hall's pamphlet (for which 
the educational department shall prepare a brief outline). To supply added 
information, the educational department will prepare each week supplementary 
material for the use of the clubs, speakers, and functionaries. Fullest use must 
be made of the material in the Daily Worker and the Worker. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 121 

2. By August 1, a program of ideological discussions must be carried through 
with all national leaders of trade-unions and other mass organizations (pohtical, 
civil rights, Negro fraternal, women, youth, cultural, etc.) with the aim of bringing 
these discussions to their own memberships. These discussions must help to 
show them that by speaking out against the war in Korea, a war contrary to 
the interests of the people in the United States, they defend the interests of their 
own membership. 

II. AGITATIONAL PROPAGANDA TASKS 

1. That we issue and help circulate the following pieces of literature in mass 
quantities: Complete by August 1 the sale and distribution of the 465,000 copies 
of Gus Hall's pamphlet Hands Off Korea and Formosa; to issue and sell 200,000 
copies of the pamphlet under preparation explaining the meaning of the world 
peace appeal to outlaw atomic weapons; to help distribute the speech of Paul 
Robeson to the National Negro Labor Conference in 200,000 copies; to prepare 
a new pamphlet dealing with current questions and answers on Korea to be 
distributed in 400,000 copies. 

2. That we issue and circulate in smaller quantities the following pamphlets: 
A pamphlet containing Kim Ir Sung's article on conditions in Korea, the state- 
ment of Andrei Gromyko, etc.; Gurley Flynn's pamphlet on Eugene Dennis 
the fight for peace; Elizabeth Gurley Flynn's pamphlet on Eugene Dennis and 
Eugene Debs — war prisoners; and the pictorial pamphlet on the Foley Square 
trial. 

3. During this period, the utmost attention shall be paid to the building of the 
circulation of the press and the issuance of mass agitational material. To 
accomplish this, we decide to: 

(a) Issue two 4-page folders (this may be issued as Daily Worker supple- 
ments) for national distribution in large quantities on Why Wall Street Is Attack- 
ing the Colored Peoples of Asia and on Unmasking the Wall Street Claim That 
It Is Acting on Behalf of the UN. 

(b) That all districts shall immediately undertake to bring about an increase 
in the Daily Worker circulation by working out specific tasks to be undertaken 
and accomplished during this period. 

III. REACHING AND ACTIVIZING THE MILLIONS IN THE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE AND 

DEMOCRACY 

1. To encourage the participation of Communists and non-Communists in the 
writing of letters to the editors of the commercial press, to take issue with their 
editorials, articles, etc. Maximum efforts shall be made to secure participation 
in forums, debates, radio symposiums on all questions pertaining to the fight 
to save world peace. 

2. To encourage all forces to speak out in every possible way against United 
States imperialist intervention in Korea and for world peace. 

(a) Individual leaders of trade-unions, Negro people's organizations, religious 
groups, women, youth, professional and cultural groups, must be urged to speak 
out on all levels. These leaders, both as individuals and in the name of their 
organizations, shall be urged to express themselves in whatever way they choose 
for an end to the aggression in Korea, for restoring the UN to its original purpose 
by seating People's China, etc. Messages containing such statements to local 
Congressmen, and especially to the President of the United States, are especially 
important. 

(b) Full support shall be given to the efforts of the Labor Conference for 
Peace to secure 1,000 trade-union leaders by August 1 from the shop-steward 
level on up, to cosign its statement oli Korea. 

(c) Full support shall be given to the efforts of World War II veterans from 
the Pacific theater to voice their protest against American intervention in Korea 
and Asia. 

(d) Full support shall be given to carry through the community and church 
activities — especially local and state-wide conferences — projected at the Mid- 
Century Conference of Peaceful Alternatives at its sessions in Chicago. 

3. The following mass activities require maximum support and encourage- 
ment: 

(a) Support the efforts of the Labor Conference for Peace to organize mass 
protest demonstrations in New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, 
Los Angeles, and Seattle during the week of August 1-7 (the anniversary of 
Hiroshima) . 

76512 — 51 — -9 



122 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

(b) Support the efforts to organize a mothers delegation to Washington. 

(c) Support the efforts to organize a mass delegation of Negro people's leaders 
to Washington to demand the stopping of the imperialist attacks on the colored 
peoples of the world to keep America at peace; for the immediate passage of 
FEPC and the defeat of the Mundt bill. 

(d) Support the sending of representative delegations to the United Nations 
demanding that it return to its original purpose outlined in the UN Charter. 

(c) Join with all forces desirous of organizing a Congress for the repeal of 
the draft. 

(g) Extend and support all movements for Presidential amnesty for Eugene 
Dennis and all other political prisoners, as well as for the reversal of the Foley 
Square decision. 

IV. INTENSIFY DRIVE FOR 5,000,000 SIGNATURES TO THE WORLD PEACE APPEAL 

1. In the center of all activities for peace is the task to help secure the 5,000,000 
signatures for the world peace appeal. The national committee peace plan 
outlined the major stages in this connection. Within the framework of that 
plan August 6 should be the next stage for: 

(a) Completing the second million signatures — ^with particular emphasis on 
concentrating to secure these signatures in the shops, in the local unions, through 
canvassing each apartment house and block, through securing signatures at 
churches and other mass organizations. 

(6) To organize nationally — on the week end of August 5-6 1,000 open-air 
rallies and shop-gate meetings — with booths and tables for street-corner collec- 
tion of signatures. 

September 4 (Labor Day) is the next milestone to secure the third million 
signatures. 

2. As part of the campaign to secure 5,000,000 signatures, every effort shall be 
exerted to build up peace committees in the shops, unions, communities, organi- 
zations, etc. — thus to organize the powerful sentiment for peace into movements 
to wage the struggle on a day-to-day basis. 

In this connection full support shall be given to the establishment of a well- 
functioning Labor Conference for Peace in at least 30 cities throughout the 
country. In these cities, to help organize a minimum of 500 peace committees in 
shops and local unions, drawing into the activity of these peace committees 
large numbers of nonparty trade-unionists around the collection of signatures 
and the other activities outlined by the Labor Conference for Peace. 

3. Full support shall also be given to the PIC and the Labor Conference for 
Peace in their efforts to send delegates to the World Peace Conference in October, 
including 100 trade-union delegates. 

4. Wherever conditions permit, efforts shall be directed to unite all organiza- 
tions — churches, youth, trade-unions, Negro people's organizations, women's 
organizations, pacifist groups, etc. — into local councils for peace. 

We urge that the above decision be immediately discussed and that the State 
plans and control tasks for the next 6 weeks be forwarded to the national 
committee. 

Comradely yours, 

National Organizing Department. 

(Cvetic exhibit No. 98, Expos^ of the Communist Party of Western Pennsyl- 
vania, pt. Ill, pp. 3133-3135.) 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 123 

A Guide to the Club — Its Role in Buildino the United Front in 1950 — 
A Handbook for Community Club Officers 

(Prepared by Carl Dorfman) 

Issued bv National Organization Department, Communist Party, 35 East Twelfth 
Street, New York 3, N. Y. 

******* 

I. HOW CAN YOUR CLUB HELP ESTABLISH UNITY OF THE PEOPLE FOR PEACE? 

What kind of steps can be taken in your neighborhood to give expression to the 
mass sentiment for peace? 

Can your club help to get together a limited number of people or organizations 
to sponsor a neighborhood? 



PEACE BALLOT 

Calling upon President Truman — 

To outlaw the H-bomb. 

■ To negotiate Now with the Soviet Union. 

To outlaw atomic warfare and halt the cold war. 



Or, would these sponsors be willing to call a neighborhood rally against the 
H-bomb? Or, perhaps a mass Peace Ballot would help lay the base for and 
popularize a united Neighborhood Peace Rally. 

Would it be possible at such a Neighborhood Rally to launch a still bigger and 
broader petition to President Truman calling upon him to undertake negotiations 
between the United States and the Soviet Union for atomic disarmament and au 
end to the cold war? 

In other words, what we wish to indicate here are: 

First. The decisive place where the ability to hold the Wall Street warmongers 
in check will be decided at the Grass Roots, in your neighborhood. This is not 
just a question of National politics or State politics, but rather, and most impor- 
tant, it is a question of local politics. 

Peace is a community problem. The fight for peace is neighborhood politics. 

Second. Your club should use its own initiative and go to work now on this 
question. Actions should not be limited to ballots, petitions, and rallies. We 
must remember that people express their determination for peace in their own 
way: Church groups conduct mass prayers. Some organizations send delegations 
to various political representatives. Some organizations lay wreaths commemo- 
rating those who have given their lives in war and pledge themselves to work for 
peace. These and other forms of expression help swell the demand that we shall 
not face the holocaust of atomic destruction. 

(Cvetic exhibit No. 99, ibid., pp. 3155-3157.) 



124 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFElSrSIVE 

APPENDIX IX 

List of Sponsors, by States, of Stockholm Appeal 
[From folder. Prominent Americans Call for Outlawing Atomic Warfare] 
Alabama 

Rev. Lemuel B. Greeh, Stockton 
Bishop S. L. Greene, Payne College, Birmingham 
Dr. W. E. Jackson, Greenville 

Dr. D. V. Jemison, president. National Baptist Convention, Inc., Selma 
J. B. Kennedy, chairman. General Youth Section, National Conference Methodist 

Youth, Birmingham 
Aubrey Williams, editor, Southern Farmer, Montgomery 
Rev. Cullen B. Wilson, Opelika 

Arizona 

Rev. Horatio H. Crawford, Yuma 

Prof. W. W. Denton, University of Arizona, Tucson 

Arkansas 

Rev. J. H. Abernathy, Memphis 

Mrs. Thelmaw Burke, Arkansas Association of Colored Women, Forrest City 

Rev. J. R. Jamison, president, Arkansas Missionary Baptist Convention, Morril- 

ton 
Rev. J. S. Jones, Scott 
Elder A. L. Perkins, Little Rock 
Rev. J. L. Thornton, recording secretary, Middle Western Association, Menifee 

California 

Rev. Gross W. Alexander, Redlands 

Dr. Norman Bauer, Berkeley 

Dr. and Mrs. David K. Bruner, Stockton 

Rev. Howard R. Carey, Fontana 

Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cerney, Stockton College, Menlo Park 

Dr. George A. Coe, professor emeritus. Union Theological Seminary, Claremont 

Rev. J. Raymond Cope, Berkeley 

Rev. Frank B. Cowgill, Huntington Park 

Robert Crawford, president. Northern California, Western Nevada Christian 

Youth Council, Berkeley 
Rev. Kenneth L. Danskin, Redlands 
Clarence L. Davis, Jr., Alameda 
Dr. Percy M. Dawson, Los Altos 
Thomas K. Farley, director, California- Arizona Conference of Methodist Youth 

Fellowship, Los Angeles 
Rev. Joyce W. Farr, San Jose 
Dr. and Mrs. Morris Felton, San Francisco 
Lion Feuchtwanger, author, Pacific Palisades 
Richard B. Fisher, East Palo Alto 
Rev. Owen M. Geer, Los Angeles 
Dr. Asher T. Gordon, San Francisco 
Mrs. Marie Price Gorin, Sacramento 
Rev. E. Alexander Gray, San Diego 
R. F. Hackenhull, Pasadena 
Hugh Hardyman, La Crescenta 
Rev. Arthur E. Harrington, San Fernando 
Louise Harding Horr, Brisbane 
John Howard Lawson, author, San Fernando 
Dr. Frank Lindhorst. College of the Pacific, Stockton • 
Grace McDonald, Santa Clara 
Mrs. Albert Maltz, Los Angeles 
Dr. Thomas Mann, author. Pacific Palisades 
Ben Margolis, National Lawyers Guild, Los Angeles 
Judge Stanley Moffatt, Huntington Park 
Sidney Moore, Los Angeles 
Rev. Dr. David Lee Mounts, Coronado 
Cavendish Moxon, San Francisco 
Rev. Arthur B. Patten, Claremont 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 125 

Leonard T. Pockman, San Francisco 

Bruce Risley, Marin 

Dr. Holland Roberts, San Francisco 

Rev. Edwin P. Ryland, Los Angeles 

Alexander P. Saxton, author, Sausalito 

Rev. Randall B. Scott, Los Angeles 

Rev. Donald G. Smith, Folsom^ 

Joseph Allen Stein, architect, San Francisco 

Howard Edwin Sweeting, architect, Pasadena 

E. S. Thomas, Oakland" 

Rev. Raymond A. Waser, Pasadena 

Dr. Frank W. Weymouth, professor emeritus of psychology, Stanford University, 

Stanford 
Jacob Zeitlin, Los Angeles 

Colorado 

Prof. Jerome Davis, Boulder 

Virginia Durr, Denver 

Rev. A. G. Kendrick, Denver 

Rev. Burke R. Lawtoii, Colorado Springs 

Rev. Samuel W. Marble, Denver 

Winston McDaniel, Denver 

Samuel D. Menin, attorney, Denver 

Very Rev. Paul Roberts, dean, St. John's Cathedral (Protestant Episcopalian), 

Denver 
Rev. Kenneth M. Smith, Colorado Springs 
Rev. William Camobell Wasser, Denver 
Mrs. Harvev Weeks, Delta 
Rev. Harold H. Wright, Fort Collins 

Connecticnt 

George Abbe, North Guilford 

Rev. Merrill F. Clarke, New Canaan 

Rev. John W. Darr, Wesleyan University, Middletown 

Martha Dodd, author, Ridgefield 

Witherspoon Dodgp, National Religion and Labor Foundation, New Haven 

Rev. Albert J. Hallington, Danbury 

Rev. Charles Ross Hodges, Norwich 

Carroll HoUister, violinist, Westport 

Crocket Johnson, attorney and publisher, South Norwalk 

Rev. Kenneth R. Teed, Willimantic 

Verne Weed, Hartford 

Delaivare 

Rev. William C. Munds, Greenville 

District of Columbia 

Rev. Roland M. Austin 

Joseph Beavers, business agent, local 209, AFL 

Miriam R. Bischoflf 

Geneva Brown, financial secretary, local 471, Cafeteria Workers Union 

Prof. C. De Witt Eldridge, George Washington University 

Gertrude Evans 

Rev. Eddy L. Ford 

Prof. E. Franklin Frazier, chairman, department of sociology, Howard University 

William Glazier, legislative representative. International Longshoremen's & 

Warehousemen's Union 
Dr. Marcus Goldman, geologist 
Hugh Hinchclifie 

Rev. W. H. Jernagin, president, National Baptist Sunday School Congress 
Rev. R. Benjamin Kirkland 
Harry Lamberton, attorney 
John Martini, business agent, local 209, AFL 

Oliver Palmer, business agent. Cafeteria Workers Union, local 471 
Dean George A. Parker, Terrell Law School 
Arthur Stein 
Mrs. Margheritta Tillman Stirling 



126 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

John Stone, correspondent 

Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, National Association of Colored Women 

Bruce Waybur, economist 

Dr. Irving Winik 

Florida 

Dr. Irwin R. Beiler, professor of religion, University of Miami, Miami 

Hon. John M. Coe, former State senator, Pensacola 

Rev. Ed. Martin, Palatka 

Vernon Sanderson, Methodist Children's Home, Enterprise 

Rev. M. J. Sherard, St. Petersburg 

Rev. and Mrs. C. H. Seibert, West Newahaitchka 

Georgia 

Prof. G. Murray Branch, Morehouse College, Atlanta 

H. S. Dixon, Bainbridge 

George W. Dudley, Atlanta 

Bishop William A. Fountain, senior bishop, African Methodist Episcopal Church, 

Atlanta 
Kathryn Jones, Conference of Methodist Youth Fellowship, Atlanta 
Larkin Marshall, editor and publisher, Macon 

Hawaii 

Rev. Leonard Oechsli, Honolulu 

Idaho 

Rev. Louis C. Phelps, Northern Baptist Convention, Nampa 

Prof. John G. Rideout, Pocatello 

Illinois 

Rev. Ernest Akin, Payson 

Harland H. Allen, Chicago 

John T. Bernard, United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers, Chicago 

Rev. Rav Bond, Chicago 

Rev. Roy S. Buffat, Centralia 

Prof. A. J. Carlson, University of Chicago, Chicago 

Rudolf and Elizabeth Ina Carnap, University of Chicago, Chicago 

Serge Chermayeff, Institute of Design, Chicago 

Mrs. Dorothy Bushnell Cole, Chicago Women's Club, Chicago 

Rev. Roy Crocker, Chicago 

Ernest DeMaio, Chicago 

Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Chicago 

Rev. George Miles Gibson, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago 

Rev. Glenn S. Gothard, Philo 

Lowell B. Hazzard, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington 

Concepcion Hernandez, Home Missions Council, Chicago 

Rev. C. Wesley Israel, River Forest 

Udell Jarden, president, Painters Local 55, Central Body, AFL, Staunton 

Dr. Eugene Jenski, Chicago 

Rev. W. D. Kilgore, Evanston 

Prof. Ronald B. Levy, Roosevelt College, Chicago 

Rev. P. Henry T>otz, Forrest 

Bernard Lucas, International Longshoremen's & Warehousemen's Union, Chicago 

Rev. Frank Marston, Jacksonville 

Father Samuel J. Martin, Chicago 

Helen Meserve, Hoopeston 

Father Clarence Parker, Chicago 

Rev. Clarence Peach, Chicago 

Rev. John L. Regier, Chicago 

Rev. Henry Edward Rompel, Orland Park 

Rev. L. J. Sailor, Carlenville 

Dr. I. H. Shapiro, Chicago 

Dave Sheldon, Home Missions Council, Chicago 

Don Snider, Elgin 

Mieas S. Stephens, Sr., Chicago 

Oscar Strum, secretary. Painters Local 35, V. P. Central Body, AFL, Staunton 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 127 

Rabbi Samuel Teitelbaum, Evanston, Hillel Foundation, Northwestern University, 

Evanston 
Bishop W. J. Walls, secretary, board of bishops, A. M. E. Zion Church; honorary 

chairman, Committee for Peaceful Alternatives, Chicago 
Ann West, Home Missions Council, Chicago 
Charles Enoch Wheeler, Chicago 
Ivois Whitacre, Home Missions Council, Chicago 
Rev. P. G. Van Zandt, Chicago 
Rev. Charles E. Zunkel, Elgin 

Indiana 

Rev. W. D. Archibald, DeMotte 

Rev. Marion C. Bishop, Griffeth 

Dr. Gaines M. Cook, executive secretary, International Convention of Disciples 
of Christ, Indianapolis 

Norvin L. Crosby, Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, Terre Haute 

John Gojack, general vice president. United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers, 
Fort Wavne 

M. L. Klopfenstein, Grabill 

Rev. Peter Langendorff, Hammond 

Dr. Frank Neuwelt. Gary 

Willard B. Ransom president, Indianapolis National Association for Advance- 
ment of Colored People, Indianapolis 

David Reid, South Bend 

Rev. Charles A. Tyler, North Vernon 

Rev. William L. White, Paoli 

loioa 

Prof. Edward S. Allen and jNIinnie E. Allen, Ames 

Homer Ayres, farm relations director, Farm Equipment Union, Des Moines 

Rev. Lester H. Bill, Fort Madison 

Rev. Lawrence Carlton, Sioux City 

Rev. John De Long, Estherville 

Rev. M. E. Dorr, Osage 

Rev. Paul C. Ellis, Montezuma 

Rev. Frank T. En Yart, Salem 

Rev. Glenn S. Hartong, Mount Vernon 

Charles W. Hobbie, Cedar Rapids 

Hon. Charles P. Howard, lawyer, Des Moines 

Rev. Ralph B. Imes, Eldora 

Rev. Marvin B. Kober, Cedar Rapids 

Prof. C. F. Littell, professor of history and political science, Cornell Collego, 

Mount Vernon 
Thomas I>udwig, manager. Farmers Cooperative, Greenville 
Mrs. E. T. Mayer-Oakes, Emmetsburg 
Rev. James Robertson, Fairfield 
Rev. James P. Russell, Pocahontas 
Rev. Robert L. Smith, Marathon 

Fred W. Stover, president, Iowa Farmers Union, Hampton 
C. Orville Strohl, executive secretary, Methodist Executive Commission on 

Education, Des Moines 
Rev. Herbert R. Thomas, Redfield 

Kansas 

Rev. J. E. Bartholomew, Topeka 

Rev. George H. DeBoer, Marion 

Rev. Edward A. Freeman, Kansas City 

Rev. Wright M. Hornton, Edna 

Rev. P. J. Houston, Kansas City 

Rev. E. Bernard Hurd, Topeka 

Clara Michael, Topeka 

Rev. Lynn H. Rupert, Kansas City 

Richard A. SchroU, Kansas Methodist Student Movement, Syracuse 

Kentucky 

Rev. W. R. Brown, Ashland 

Dr. G. A. Hampton, secretary, General Association Kentucky Baptists, Louisville 

Rjv. H. W. Jones, Louisville 



128 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSrSIVE 

Louisiana 

Armand V. Boutte, Sr., president, Negro Business League of New Orleans, New- 
Orleans 
Dr. James A. Dombrowski, New Orleans 
Prof. Robert D. Field, New Orleans 
A. M. Friedman, New Orleans 

Maine 

Mrs. Viola M. Campbell, Saco 
Rev. Francis C. Hawes, Winterport 
Mrs. M. Louise Hunt, Portland 
Dr. Jacob Melnick, Portland 

Manjland 

Mrs. and Mrs. Charles L. Carhart, Fellowship of Reconciliation, Presbyterian 

Church, Chevy Chase 
Dr. Miles W. Connor, i Coppin Teachers College, Baltimore 
Rev. G. Custer Cromwell, Towson 
Blanche Hobbs McNeil, Hobbs 

Massachusetts 

Rev. Charles T. Allen, district superintendent, the Methodist Church, Worcester 

Rev. Guy Allen, Dorchester 

Robenia Anthony, Springfield 

Emily Greene Balch, honorable chairman, Women's International League for 

Peace and Freedom, Wellesley 
Rev. Oscar A. Benson, Worcester 

Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard University Medical School, Cambridge 
Rev. Raymond Calkins, Cambridge 
Rev. Albert B. Cleage, Jr., Springfield 
Florence Converse, author, Wellesley 
Rev. E. Pomeroy Cutler, Richmond 

Prof. Dorothy W. Douglas, Smith College, Northampton 
Rev. Joseph Fletcher, Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge 
Prof. S. Ralph Harlow, Smith College, Northampton 
William Harrison, associate editor, Boston Chronicle, Boston 
Willard T. Hazen, Jr., Pigeon Cove 
Oscar M. Hechter, Worcester 

Dorothy Hewitt, Boston Center for Adult Education, Cambridge 
Rev. Kenneth de P. Hughes, Cambridge 
Benjamin T. Johnson, Boston 
Florence H. Luscomb, Cambridge 
Rev. Clifford L. Miller, Boston 
John E. Mitchell, Boston 
Mrs. John F. Moore, Brookline 
Rev. HoUis M. Mosher, Milton 

Stanley E. Niebruegge, Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge 
Rev. George L. Paine, Cambridge 
Bertha C. Reynolds, Stoughton 
Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, Wellesley 
Prof. Dirk Struik, scientist and mathematician, IVIassachusetts Institute of 

Technology, Boston 
Dr. Vida D. Scudder, Wellesley College, Wellesley 
R. A. Simmons, D. D. S., Boston 
Dr. P. A. Sorokin, Harvard University, Cambridge 
Rev. Charles M. Styron, Lincoln 
Prof. John Wild, Harvard University, Cambridge 
Dr. Edward L. Young, Committee of Physicians for Improvement of Medical 

Care, Brookline 

Michigan 

Rev. J. Burt Bouwman, executive secretary, Michigan Council of Churches, 

Lansing 
Dr. Fred Fiske, Albion College, Wesley 
Jean T. Hewitt, Detroit 

1 This individual, also formerly a sponsor of the Maryland Committee for Peace, withdrew from that 
organization. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 129 

Rev. Charles A. Hill, Detroit 

Wm. Hood, recording; secretary, Ford Local 600, UAW-CIO, Detroit 

Rev. Albert Wallace Kauffman, Bancroft 

Minnesota 

Mrs. Bertha Anderson, Minneapolis 

Hon. Elmer Benson, Appleton 

Rev. Paul G. Hayes, Albert Lea 

Dr. I. M. Kolthoff, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 

Louis Locketz, Minneapolis 

Mississippi 

Mrs. Clarie Collins, Harvey, National Council of Negro Women, Jackson 
Hon. W. J. Gates, Natchez 

Rev. J. L. Tolbert, general secretary, Evangelism, Colored Methodist Episcopal 
Church, New Albany 

Missouri 

Dean C. Curnutt, president, Missouri Conference of Methodist Youth, Rock Port 

Dr. Meredith F. Eller, Central College, Fayette 

Tommie Haynes, Teamsters Union, AFL, St. Louis 

Rev. J. L. Huntlev, St. Louis 

Ben Koon, S. E. Missouri Conference Methodist Youth Fellowship, Bolivar 

Rev. Walter A. Scheer, St. Louis 

Rev. W. A. Sparks, Kansas City 

Nebraska 

Rev. Merle W. Burres, Western 

Lydia N. Dueker, Gmaha 

Rev. Otto M. Fabre, Brady 

Almeda Hill, Women's Society of Christian Service, Falls City 

Rev. Lowell D. Jones, Neligh 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold Lewis, Gmaha 

Rev. C. Edwin Murphy, Waverly 

Lorene Schacht, Lincoln 

Rev. C. T. Van Metre, Gmaha 

Rev. M. Wingate, Liman 

Nevada 

Rev. Paul L. McClure, Las Vegas 

New Hampshire 

Rev. George C. Junkins, Danbury 

Rev. George R. Wolverton, Franklin 

New Jersey 

Rev. Bedran K. Apelian, Fair Lawn 

Mrs. Rachel R. Cadbury, Moorestown 

Bernard Forer, Local 437, American Federation of Teachers, AFL, Trenton 

Rev. Robert A. Geddes, Glen Rock 

Irving Hirsch, Somerville 

Rev. Chester E. Hodgson, Newark 

James Imbrie, Lawrenceville 

Dr. J. J. Kashkevich, Newark 

Dr. Albert R. Melnikoff, Camden 

Rev. James R. Miller, Hackettstown 

Rabbi Sidney Nathanson, Plainfield 

Prof. Erwin Panofsky, Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton University, 

Princeton 
Walter S. Poleshuk, U. E. Local 401, Vaux Hall 
Prof. Walter Rautenstrauch, Palisade 
Rev. Lyman H. Seamans, Paterson 
Rev. Ted C. Seamans, Paterson 

James M. Senor, Jewish Community Center of Essex Co., Newark 
Rev. Warren P. Sheen, Newark 
Rev. Clifford G. Sinnickson, Avon 
Rev. George Teague, Teaneck 



130 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Dr. Harry F. Ward, professor emeritus, Union Tlieological Seminarj', Palisade 

Daisy Ward, Palisade 

Abraham Welanko, attorney, Newark 

Frank Witkus, United Auto Workers, CIO Local 595, Kearny 

New Mexico 

Rev. Henry Hoyt Hayden, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 
New York 

David Alman, author. New York 
Prof. Kurt Anderson, New York 
Rev. John W. Anna^?, Jr., Syracuse 
• Dr. Herbert Aptheker, Brooklyn 
Rev. Lloyd J. Averill, Jr., Rochester 
Ruth Baker, New York 

C. B. Baldwin, executive director, Progressive Partv, New York 
Rev. Lee H. Ball, New Paltz 
Rabbi Herbert Baumgard, president, student body, Jewish Institute of Religion, 

Astoria 
Cedric Belfrage, New York 
Rev. Anton Beza, Valley Falls 
Albert Bland, New York 
Rev. William G. Boomhower, Brooklyn 
Prof. Dorothy Brewster, Columbia University, New York 
Lucy Brown, pianist, New York 

Prof. Edwin Berry Burgum, New York University, New York 
Canaan Baptist Church, New York 
Marc Chagall, artist, New York 
Rev. Ruthven S. Chalmers, Spencer 
Jerome Chodorov, playwright, New York 

Prof. Ephraim Cross, College of the City of New York, New York 
Rev. John Darr, Jr., New York 

Rev. George Davis, Assembly of Spiritualists, New York 
Hadley DePuy, New York Annual Conference Methodist Youth Fellowship, 

St. Lawrence University, Canton 
Arnold Donawa, D. D. S., New York 

Muriel Draper, Congress of American Women, New York 
Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, anthropologist, Council on African Affairs, chairman, Peace 

Information Center, New York 
Father Clarence Duffy, New York 
Arnaud d'Usseau, New York 
Susan d'Usseau, New York 
Prof. Abraham Edel, Jamaica 

Duke Ellington, composer and musician, New York 
Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild, New York University, New York 
Sidney Finkelstein, writer, Elmhurst 
Mrs. Welthy Honsinger Fisher, chairman, World Day of Prayer, Committee of 

United Council' of Church Women, New York 
Abram Flaxer, president. United Public Workers, New York 
Rev. Adrian B. Foote, Endicott 
Dr. Leonard Frank, New York 
Richard A. Freedman, D. D. S., New York 

Prof. Frank S. Freeman, department of psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca 
Milton A. Galamison, Brooklyn 
Essie Garfein, Brooklyn 
Vincent Glinskv, artist, New York 
Rabbi Albert S. Goldstein, New York 
Harry Gottlieb, artist, New York 

Eward G. Guinier, United Public Workers, New York 
Dr. Ralph H. Grundlach, New York 
Shirley Graham, author, St. Albans, Long Island 
Robert Gwathmey, artist, New York 
George Hall, New York 
Prof. Talbot HamiHn, New York 
Dashiell Hammett, author. New York 
Charles C. Haney, Brooklyn 
Rev. Thomas S. Harten, Brooklyn 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 131 

Herbert Haufrecht, composer, New York 
Harry Hausknecht, New York 
Leo T. Hurwitz, New York 

Ada B. Jackson, Brooklyn Interracial Assembly, Brooklyn 
Rev. Raymond S. Jewett, Mount Vernon 
Robert Joyce, New York 
Albert E. Kahn, Croton on Hudson 
Rockwell Kent, artist, Ausable Forks 
Doris H. Koppelman, Bronx Junior Hadassah, Bronx 
Rev. Thomas Kilgore, Jr., Bronx 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury, Shady 
Alfred Kreymborg, poet. New York 
Rev. Charles Wesley Lee, New Hyde Park 
Mrs. Jean Lesser, Hewlett, Long Island 
Ray Lev, pianist. New York 

Rabbi Howard L Levine, Lindenhurst, Long Island 
Rev. Father Frederick W. Lightfoot, Maspeth, Long Island 
Helen M. Lynd, New York 
Rev. Frederick C. Maier, Baldwin 

F. L. Marcuse, department of psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca 
Sarnia Marquand, New York 

John McManus, general manager. National Guardian, New York 
Eve Merriam, author, New York 

Prof. Philip Morrison, physicist, Cornell University, Ithaca 
Florence Murray, editor, the Negro Handbook, New York 
Rev. Melville D. Nesbit, Jr., Ogdensburg 
Rev. Joseph Niver, Stormville 
Russ Nixon, economist, Brooklyn 
Alex North, pianist. New York 
Charlie Parker, composer and musician. New York 
William Patterson, Civil Rights Congress, New York 
Rev. Don Eliento Pedro, New York 

Albert Pezzati, International Union of Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers, New York 
George Pirinsky, American Slav Congress, New York 
Anton Refregier, artist, Woodstock 
Wallingford Riegger, composer, New York 
Paul Robeson, singer. New York 
Rev. Frank P. Rogers, Jr., Amityville 
-O. John Rogge, Esq., New York 
Muriel Rukeyser, poet. New York 
Rose Russell, New York Teachers Union, New York 
Rev. William K. Russell, Brooklyn 
Dr. Sidney, M. Samis, Flushing 
Dr. Artur Schnabel, pianist, New York 
Aaron Schneider, UOPWA, New York 
Bill Shneyer, Jewish Young Fraternalists, New York 
Rev. James T. Small, New York 

Ferdinand C. Smith, Harlem Trade LTnion'Council, New York 
Johannes Steel, New York 
Alfred K. Stern, New York 

Prof. Bernhard J. Stern, Columbia University, New York 
Leon Straus, Joint Board Fur Dressers and Dyers Union, New York 
Rev. T. C. Taylor, Brooklyn 
Rev. Joseph H. Titus, Jamaica 
Rev. Otto K. Walther, New York 
Eda Lou Walton, New York Universitv, New York 
Rev. Bradford G. Webster, Buffalo 
Walter N. Welsh, Syracuse 

Prof. Gene Weltfish, Columbia Universitv, New York 
Rev. Elmer Reed West, Wells 
Rev. Eliot White, New York 
Rev. David Rhvs Williams, Rochester 
Alexander Wolf, M. D., New York 
Clement Wood, Delanson 
Maxine Wood, dramatist. New York 
Archie Wright, Farmers Unions, Ogdensburg 



132 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFETsTSIVE 

North Carolina 

Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, president, Palmer Institute, Sedalia 

Angeline Coutlakis, Asheville 

Rev. J. M. Miller, Rocky Mount 

L. R. Russell, Greensboro 

North Dakota 

Prof. Royer Woodburn, director, Wesley Foundation, Grand Forks 

Ohio 

Rabbi Stanley R. Brav, Central Conference of American Rabbis, Cincinnati 

Rev. Edwin A. Brown, Marion 

Russell N. Chase, attorney, Cleveland 

Bishop A. R. Clippinger, presiding bishop, Evangelical United Brethren Church, 

Dayton 
Rev. H. G. Coleman, Cleveland 
Isabel Dornon, East Palestine 
Ivan Dornon, president, Ohio Methodist Student Movement; United Student 

Christian Council; World Student Christian Federation, East Palestine 
Rev. Oliver G. Droppers, Cleveland 
Rev. M. C. Hunt, Lakewood 
William E. Jacobs, National Youth Cabinet, Evangelical and Reformed Church, 

Oberlin 
Rev. B. F. Lamb, president, Ohio Council of Churches, Columbus 
Rev. F. B. Landerdale, Cincinnati 
Rev. Carl J. Landes, Shandon 

Mrs. Harry C. Long, Akron Council for Peace Action 
Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Antioch College, Yellow Springs 
Rev. Harry S. Mabie, Oberlin 
Dr. Henry M. Marbly, Cincinnati 
Donald L. Mathews, Columbus 
Joseph Morgenstern, Cleveland 
Rev. Arthur M. Shenevelt, London 
Prof. Ralph H. Turner, Oberlin College, Oberlin 
C. B. Whitlach, Cleveland 
Rev. James D. Wyker, Ohio Council of Community Churches, Mount Vernon 

Oklahoma 

Rev. Charles H. Davis, Haskell 
Rev. Horace F. Patton, Tulsa 
B. J. Wilson, Okmulgee 

Oregon 

Rev. Wendell L. Coe, North Bend 

The Rt. Rev. Benjamin D. Dagwell, D. D., Protestant Episcopal bishop of Oregon, 

Portland 
Dr. Robert H. Ellis, Portland 

Rev. William H. Genne, Pacific University, Forest Grove 
Rev. Sidney E. Harris, Monument 
Ruth P. W'hitcomb, American Friends (Quaker) Wider Fellowship, Corvallis 

Pennsylvania 

Wilmer J. Althouse, Farmers Union Local 70, Berks County, Hamburg 

Hans Blumenfeld, Philadelphia City Plan Commission, Philadelphia 

J. A. Boak, past master, Pennsylvania State Grange, New Castle 

Millen Brand, writer, New Hope 

Rev. Burns Brodbead, Moravian College, Bethlehem 

Rev. Leonard G. Carr, chairman, civic committee, Philadelphia Baptist Ministers 

Conference, Philadelphia 
Alvin B. Christman, president, eastern division. Farmers Union, Centerport 
Miriam E. Cliff, president, local 638, Food & Tobacco Workers Union, Lancaster 
Dr. I. J. Domas, Erie 

Prof. Barrows Dunham, Temple University, Cynwyd 

Dr. H. Stanley Dunn, Evangelical and Reformed Theological Seminary, Lancaster 
Rev. Robert H. Eads, State College 
Rev. Clarence B. Felton, Boothwyn 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 133 

Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, Philadelphia 

Rev. Wayne Furman, Warren 

John E. Gillespie, United Steel Workers of America, local 2295, Coatesville 

Rev. C. W. Gregory, Philadelphia 

Rev. J. C. Hairston, Pittsburgh 

Donald Henderson, administrative director, Food & Tobacco Workers Union, 
Philadelphia 

Rev. H. Ross Hume, Canonsburg 

Don Levine, New Castle 

Rev. R. S. McGrew, Vandergrift 

Blanche M. Nicola, St. Martha's Settlement House, Philadelphia 

Rev. G. A. Parkins, Pittsburgh 

Margaret L. Pennock, Philadelphia 

Rabbi E. H. Prombaum, Hazelton 

Mitchell M. Schaffer, Bethlehem 

Joseph L. Schatz, president, local 2, UOPWA, Philadelphia 

Herman E. Stenger, Central Pennsylvania Conference of Methodist Youth, 
Roaring Spring 

Rev. Arthur A. Swanson, Lundy's Lane 

Rev. B. J. Tingler, Meadville 

Dr. Philip R. White, Cancer Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia 

Dr. Lawrence D. Williams, Harrisburg 

Rev. Edwin H. Witman, New Cumberland 

Alexander Wright, Pittsburgh 

Mrs. Anna B. Yarnall, YWCA; Friends Misson Board, Philadelphia Yearly Meet- 
ing, Philadelphia 

Puerto Rico 

Dr. Thomas B. Jones, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras 

Rhode Island 

Rev. Otto P. Churchill, North Scituate 

Hon. Clemens F. France, former State welfare commissioner, West Warwick 

Elizabeth Murray Robinson, Jamestown 

Mrs. Emily Finley Robinson, Jamestown 

South Dakota 

Rev. Norman J. Tenpas, Castlewood 
Tennessee 

Rev. J. E. Beard, secretary-treasurer, pension department, AME Church, Nash- 
ville 
Rev. W. Flenoy, Chattanooga 
Rev. Bernie H. Hampton, Chattanooga 
Rev. Donald Howell, Lafayette 

Dr. Ralph W. Riley, American Baptist Theological Seminary, Nashville 
Rev. Cornelius H. Witt, Memphis 

Texas 

Rev. Frank A. Boutwell, Bryan 

Dr. Arthur L. Bradley, Conroe Normal and Industrial College, Conroe 

Bob Breihan, Methodist Youth Fellowship, Dallas 

Matthew G. Carter, assistant secretary. Southwest Area Council, YMCA, Dallas 

Rev. M. K. Currv, Wichita Falls 

Rev. E. M. Edwards, Dallas 

Rev. James I. Gilmore, Wolfe City 

Rev. Z. H. Hickerson, Mineral Wells 

Fred Loville, Houston 

Dr. A. E. McMillan, Waco 

Rabbi J. Sarasohn, Marshall 

Utah 

Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Utah (retired). 

Salt Lake City 
Hon. James H. Wolfe, justice of the Supreme Court of LTtah, Salt Lake City 



134 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Vermont 

Prof. Kurt Anderson, Bennington College, Bennington 

Rev. J. R. Case, Vergennes 

Rev. Skillman E. Myers, Plainfield 

Virginia 

Elder Norman E. Cooper, Winchester 

Prof. J. Ellison, Virginia Union University, Richmond 

Edgar S. Fraley, Bristol 

Dr. A. B. Harrison, Franklin 

Dr. I. J. McGuffin, South Boston 

Miriam Wabur, Arlington 

Washington 

Prof. Wayne Burnes, Seattle 

Alice Holm, Maselle 

Prof. A. C. Keller, University of Washington, Seattle 

Dr. Willis Merriam, State College of Washington, Pullman 

William J. Pennock, Washington Pension Union, Seattle 

Mrs. Jean W. Schuddakopf, UOPWA Local 35, Seattle 

Victor Steinbrueck, American Institute of Architects, Seattle 

Rev. E. A. Wolfe, Everett 

West Virginia 

Dr. James B. Eaton, Swilzer 

Eugene O. Maley, Weston, West Virginia Conference of Methodist Youth Fellow- 
ship 
Rev. B. R. Morgan, North Spring 
Prof. Leland H. Taylor, Morgantown 

Wisconsin 

Rev. Herman A. Block, Berlin 

Rev. Frederick C. Boiler, Bangor 

Rev. W. Ross Connor, district superintendent, Methodist Church, Madison 

Rev. George H. Crow, Argyle 

Rev. Roy Curless, Pittsville 

Rev. J. Roy Deming, Wauwatosa 

Rev. Lewis Manson Douglas, Riposa 

Rev. E. E. Draeger, Marion 

Rev. Fred Erion, Green Bay 

R. S. Havenor, Madison 

Joan Holliday, Methodist Youth Fellowship, West Wisconsin Conference, La 

Rev. Walter W. HoUiday, Elkhorn 

John S. Hubner, Wampsum 

Rev. Deane W. Irish, Portage 

Rev. J. Birk Johnson, Benton 

Mary E. Johnson, Benton 

Rev. Bernard Kassilke, Waldo 

Julius Lange, Owen 

Rev. John Leypoldt, Milwaukee 

Rev. Guy R. "Nelson, Waukesha 

Rey. Floyd E. Olson, Briggsville 

Rev. Frank C. Seymour, Tomahawk 

Rev. Alvin Stacy, Willard 

Jean Streckenbach, Wesley Foundation, Oshkosh 

Rev. O. R. Thome, Mellen 

Rev. W. F. Tomlinson, Edgerton 

Mrs. Peter Walters, Women's Christian Service Union, Holcome 

Wyoming 

Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, district superintendent, Methodist Church, Casper 

(Organizations and other affiliations listed for purposes of identification only.) 



THE COM]\IUKIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 



135 



APPENDIX X 
(Part 1) 

(Letterhead, dated February 1951) 

American Peace Crusade 
1186 broadway, new york 1, n. y. 

Phone MU 5-6526 

Let the People Speak fob PeaceI 



INITIAL sponsors 



Willmer J. Althouse 

Bishop Cameron C. Alleyne 

Mrs. Charlotta Bass 

Hon. Ehner Benson 

Edward Biberman 

Herbert J. Biberman 

Rabbi Abraham J. Bick 

Mr. Edwin Bjorkman 

Dr. Dorothy Brewster 

Harry Bridges 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown 

Hugh Brvson 

Rev. Dudley H. Burr 

Dr. Allen Butler 

Alvin Christman 

Mr. and Mrs. John F. Clewe 

Dr. George A. Coe 

Dorothy B. Cole 

Dr. Abraham Cronbach 

Bishop Benjamin D. Dagwell 

Dr. Jerome Davis 

Dr. Mark A. Dawber 

Mr. Ernest De Maio 

Hon. Earl B. Dickersen 

Dr. J. A. Dombrowski 

Rev. M. E. Dorr 

Rev. Oliver G. Droppers 

Dr. W. E. B. DuBois 

Virginia Foster Furr 

Rev. Emmer Engberg 

Rev. Joseph M. Evans 

Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild 

Howard Fast 

Rev. G. Linwood Fauntleroy 

Abram Flaxer 

Hon. Clemens France 

Prof. Royal Wilbur France 

Rev. Stephen Fritchman 

Mr. John Gojack 

Ben Gold 

Dr. Carhon B. Goodlet 

Uta Hagen 

Alice Hamilton, M. D. 



Prof. Talbot Hamlin 

Hugh Hardyman 

Rev. Charles A. Hill 

Hon. Charles P. Howard 

Rev. Kenneth DeB. Hughes 

Mr. James Imbrie 

Albert Kahn 

Rev. Massie Kennard 

Mr. Rockwell Kent 

Dr. John A. Kingsbury 

Karly Larsen 

Prof. Oliver S. Loud 

Dr. Robert Morss Lovett 

Howard McGuire 

Dr. Willis Merriam 

Bishop Waher A. Mitchell 

Prof. Philip Morrison 

Bishop Arthur M. Moulton 

Prof. Erwin Panofsky 

Dr. Clementina J. Paolone 

Dr. Linus Pauling 

Mr. Albert Pezzati 

Dr. Lucius C. Porter 

Mr. Willard Ransom 

Rev. William N. Reid 

Eslanda Goode Robeson 

Paul Robeson 

Dr. Lewis Bavard Robinson 

Rev. Charles E. Tvler 

Mr. Fred W. Stover 

Dr. Theodor A. Rosebury 

Mrs. Andrew A. Simkins 

Alex Sirota 

Prof. Louise Pettebone Smith. 

Dr. P. A. Sorokin 

Prof. Leland H. Tavlor 

Mary Church Terrell 

Maurice Travis 

Mr. Arnaud d'Usseau 

Justice James N. Wolfe 

Michael Wood 

Dr. Edward L. Young 



136 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

(Part 2) 

(Leaflet, Let the People Speak for Peace! — published by the American Peace 

Crusade) 

THE WASHINGTON PROGRAM 

Thursday, March 1st (latei' changed to 15th) 

Registration: 9:30 a. m.-ll:00 a. m. 

11:00 a. m.-4:00 p. m. : Visit Senators and Congressmen in their offices and in 

Congress 
4:30 p. m.-6:00 p. m.: Reports to State delegation meetings on congressional 

visits 
7:30 p. m. Mass Rally for Peace 

Delegates are urged to remain an extra day to continue visiting their Congress- 
men. In addition, there will be special meetings for those concerned with the 
problems of bringing the program of the American Peace Crusade to the following 
sections of the American people: 

Women Youth Farm 

Negro Labor Religious groups 

Headquarters for the Pilgrimage will be at Turners Arena, 1341 W Street NW., 
Thursday, March 1 [later changed to 15th]. 

All delegates are urged to report to Turner's Arena first to register. Registra- 
tion Fee $1. 

For further information, fill in the blank and send to the American Peace Cru- 
sade, 1186 Broadway, New York City 1, N. Y. 

what you can do to help 

1. Take part in the American Peace Crusade. 

2. Ask your Club, Church, or Union to send a delegation to the Peace Pilgrimage. 

3. Come to Washington and bring your friends. 

BRING OUR BOYS HOME FROM KOREA; MAKE PEACE WITH CHINA NOW 

We are summoning American men and women to take part in a Peace Pil- 
grimage to Washington, March 1 [later changed to 15th], 1951. 

We, the undersigned, propose a Peace Pilgrimage to our National Capitol so 
that our Congressmen, Senators, and our President can learn of the will to peace 
among all Americans, regardless of creed, color, occupation, or political opinion. 

Willmer J. Althouse, Hamburg, Pa. 

Bishop Cameron C. Alleyne, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. Charlotta Bass, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Hon. Elmer Benson, Appleton, Minn. 

Herbert J. Biberman, Hollywood, Calif. 

Rabbi Abraham J. Bick, New York City 

Mr. Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville, N. C. 

Dr. Dorothy Brewster, New York City 

Harry Bridges, San Francisco, Calif. 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Sedalia, N. C. 

Hugh Bryson, San Francisco, Calif. 

Rev. Dudley H. Burr, East Hartford, Conn, 

Dr. Allen Butler, Cambridge, Mass. 

Albin Christman, Centreport, Pa. 

Dr. George A. Coe, Claremont, Calif. 

Dr. Abraham Cronbach, Cincinnati, Ohio 

Bishop Benjamin D. Dagwell, Portland, Oreg. 

Dr. Jerome Davis, New Haven, Conn. 

Dr. Mark A. Dawber, Long Beach, Long Island, N. Y. 

Mr. Ernest De Maio, Chicago, 111. 

Hon. Earl B. Dickersen, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. J. A. Dombrowski, New Orleans, La. 

Rev. M. E. Dorr, Osage, Iowa 

Rev. Oliver G. Droppers, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, New York City 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFElSrSIVE 137 

Virginia Foster Durr, Denver, Colo. 

Mr. Arnaud d'Usseau, New York City 

Rev. Emmer Engberg, Pasadena, Calif. 

Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Chicago, 111. 

Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild, New York City 

Howard Fast, New York City 

Rev. G. Linwood Fauntleroy, San Francisco, Calif, 

Abram Flaxer, New York, N. Y. 

Hon. Clemens France, Providence, R. I. 

Prof. Royal Wilbur France, Rollins College, Winter Park, Fla. 

Rev. Stephen Fritchman, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Mr. John Gojack, South Bend, Ind. 

Ben Gold, New York, N. Y. 

Uta Hagen, New York City 

Alice Hamilton, AI. D., Hadlvme, Conn. 

Prof. Talbot Hamlin, New York City 

Hugh Hardvman, LaCrescenta, Calif. * 

Rev. Charles A. Hill, Detroit, Mich. 

Hon. Charles P. Howard, Des Moines, Iowa 

Rev. Kenneth DeB. Hughes, Boston, Mass. 

Mr. James Inbrie, Lawrenceville, N. J. 

Albert Kahn, Croton-on-Hudson, N. Y. 

Rev. Massie Kennard, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Rockwell Kent, Au Sable Forks, N. Y. 

Dr. John A. Kingsbury, Shady, N. Y. 

Karly Larsen, Seattle, Wash. 

Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Yellow Springs, Ohio 

Dr. Robert Morss Covett, Chicago, 111. 

Howard McGuire, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Willis Merriam, Pullman, Wash. 

Bishop Walter A. Mitchell, Rancho Santa Fe, Calif. 

Prof. Philip Morrison, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Bishop Arthur M. Moulton, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Prof. Erwin Panofsky, Princeton, N. J. 

Dr. Clementina J. Paolone, New York City 

Dr. Linus Pauling, Pasadena, Calif. 

Mr. Albert Pezzati, New York City 

Dr. Lucius C. Porter, Beloit, Wis. 

Mr. Willard Ranson, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Rev. William N. Reid, Chicago, 111. 

Eslanda Goode Robeson, Enfield, Conn. 

Paul Robeson, New York City 

Dr. Lewis Bayard Robinson, Baltimore, Md. 

Dr. Theodor A. Rosebury, New York City 

Mrs. Andrew A. Simkins, Columbia, S. C. 

Alex Sirota, New York, N. Y. 

Prof. Louise Pettebone Smith, Wellesley, Mass. 

Dr. P. A. Sorolsin, Cambridge, Mass. 

Mr. Fred W. Stover, Hampton, Iowa 

Rev. Charles E. Tvler, Omaha, Nebr. 

Prof. Leland H. Taylor, Morgantown, W. Va. 

Mary Church Terrell, Washington, D. C. 

Maurice Travis, Denver, Colo. 

Justice James N. Wolfe, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Michael Wood, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Edward L. Young, Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Andrew W. Simkins, Columbia, S. C. 

Ferdinand C. Smith, New York. 

Rev. Kenneth M. Smith. 

Wesley Methodist Church, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Hersciiel Solomon, American Jewish Congress youth leader, San Francisco. 

Rev. Frederich K. Stamm, Congregational Christian Church (retired), Plum- 

stedville. Pa. 
Rev. B. C. Taylor, Valliant, Okla. 
Rev. J. C. Thornton, Menifee, Ark. 
Idell M. Umbles, Chicago Women for Peace, Chicago. 

76512—51 10 



138 THE COMMTJMST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Mrs. Clara M. Mincent, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Rev. Alfred H. Washburn, Denver. 

Rev. William Campbell Wasser, Methodist Church, Denver. 

Miriam Waybur Arlington, Va. 

Abraham Welanko, attornev, Hollvwood. 

Dr. Gene Weltfish, New York. 

Dr. Gunther Wertheimer, executive secretary, Maryland Committee for Peace, 

Baltimore. 
Rev. Eliot White, New York. 

Mrs. Lulu B. White, woman leader, Houston, Tex. 
Dr. Henry N. Wieman, University of Oregon. 
Albert J. Wilson, Portland, Oreg. 
Roy M. Wingate, Merriman, Nebr. 
Frank Witkus, Kearney, N. J. 
Alexander Wright, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Rev. Harold H. Wright, Congregational Unitarian Church, Fort Collins. 
Arthur Zebbs, New Orleans. 

(Part 3) 

(Daily Worker, March 15, 1951, pp. 5 and S) 

166 More Notables Join Sponsors of Peace Group 

One hundred and sixty-six Americans, among whom are 40 Protestant ministers 
and rabbis, have added their names as sponsors of the American Peace Crusade, 
it was announced today by the crusade's national committee. Among the new 
sponsors for the crusade are Rev. Prof. Rolland E. Wolfe, Western Reserve 
University, Cleveland; Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, district superintendent, Methodist 
Church, Casper, Wyo. ; Rabbi Robert E. Goldberg, Hamden, Conn.; writer 
Dashiell Hammett; Prof. William Wells Denton, University of Arizona; Prof. 
Harvey Roberts, Virginia State College; Prof. C. Sheldon Hart, Carleton College; 
Fyke Farmer, attorney and leader in world government movement; Tom 
Ludwig, farm leader, Greenville, Tenn.; and Hans Blumenfeld, City Planning 
Commission, Philadelphia. 

Initial sponsors include four Protestant bishops— Bishop Cameron C. Alleyne, 
Philadelphia; Bishop Benjamin D. Dagwell, Portland, Oreg.; Bishop Walter A. 
Mitchell, Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.; Bishop Arthur W. Moulton, Salt Lake City, 
Utah; the noted chemist, Dr. Linus Pauling of Pasadena, Calif.; atomic physicist 
Dr. Philip Morrison of Cornell University; Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, noted Negro 
anthropologist and historian, and many other distinguished American figures. 

Thousands of people will be in Washington on a "Peace Pilgrimage" March 15 
under the auspices of the American Peace Crusade, which has launched a gigantic 
peace-poll mobilization in all parts of the country. 

The question that is being featured in all peace-poll ballots is, "Are you for 
bringing our troops back from Korea and for making peace with China now?" 

Himdreds of thousands of peace-poll ballots have already been sent out, ac- 
cording to the national office of the crusade, which is at 1186 Broadway, New 
York City. 

Among the sponsors are: 

Prof. Edith Abbott, Chicago 

Helen F. Alfred, Altadena, Calif. 

Prof. Jurt Anderson, New York, N. "Y. 

Robenia Anthony, educator, Springfield, Mass. 

Rev. David Bell, New London, Conn. 

Dr. Bernard Bender, New York, N. Y. 

John T. Bernard, United Electrical Workers, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Anton Beza, Valley Falls, N. Y. 

Rev. Verle Wilson Blair, Church of Our Master, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Frederick A. Blossom, Washington, D. C. 

Nathaniel Bond, Durham, N. C. 

Rev. W. H. Boone, Little Rock, Ark. 

Rev. J. E. Bowen, Mount Sterling, Ky. 

Joseph Brainin, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. T. E. Brown, Progressive Baptist Church, Chicago 

Prof. G. Murray Branch, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga. 

Lucy Brown, concert pianist. New York 



THE COIVIMUNIST "PEACE" OEFENSIVE 139 

David Burliuk, Sr., artist. 

Prof. Wayne Burns, Seattle, Wash. 

Rev. J. R. Case, Vcrgennes, Vt. 

Rev. Paul W. Caton, Halstead Street Institutional Church 

Russell N. Chase, attorney, Cleveland 

Rev. A. Myron Conhran, Alexandria, Va. 

Mrs. Dorothy Bushnell Cole, Chicago 

Marvel Cooke, New York 

Rev. John F. Corpe, Montclare Congregational Church, Chicago 

Rev. N. A. Davis, Monroe Ville, Ala. 

Dr. Arnold Donawa, New York 

Mrs. Mayme Dunivan, assistant superintendent, Macedonia Baptist Church 

Detroit 
E. M. Edwards, Dallas, Tex. 

Rev. J. Edwin Elder, Congregational Church, New Plymouth, Idaho 
Dr. Robert H. Ellis, Portland, Oreg. 
Rev. Frank T. Enyart, Lima, Ohio 
Gertrude Evans, Washington, D. C. 
Dr. Arthur Huff Fauset, Philadelphia 
R. D. Field, New Orleans 

Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, Protestant Episcopal Church, Philadephia, Pa. 
Rev. Edward A. Freeman, First Baptist Church, Kansas City, Kans. 
Ruth Freeze, Dayton, Ohio 
Rev. James I. Gilmore, Wolfe City, Tex. 

Rabbi Robert E. Goldburg, Congregation Mishkan Israel, New Haven, Conn. 
Dr. Leo M. Goldman, Chicago 
Marcus I. Goldman, Washington, D. C. 
Harry Gottlieb, New York 

Rev. G. E. Graden, Methodist Church, Dania, Fla. 
Rev. S. Grayson, Baptist Church, Chicago 
Mitchell A. Greene, Georgetown, S. C. 
Charles C. Haney, youth leader, Brooklyn 
Rev. Edgar D. Handle, Eudora, Ark. 

William Harrison, associate editor, Boston Chronicle, Boston 
Joseph Hirsch, New York 

Charles John Hoffman, youth leader. New Haven, Conn. 
Carroll Hollister, concert pianist, New York 
Rev. P. J. Houston, Kansas City, Kans. 

Rev. Albert W. Kauffman, Congregational-United Church, Vernon, Mich. 
Rev. A. G. Kendrick, Denver, Colo. 

Rev. Lewis Kuester, Reformed Church, Secaucus, N. J. 

Harry C. Lamberton, former general counsel of Rural Electrification Administration 
Calvin Lippitt, youth leader, Detroit 
Fred Loville, Houston, Tex. 
Florence H. Luscomb, Cambridge, Mass. 
Prof. Curtis D. MacDougall, Northwestern University 
Gordon MacDougall, youth leader, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Rev. S. P. Manning, St. Mark's Methodist Church, Kingsport, Tenn. 
Dr. John M. Marsalka, national president, American Slav Congress, New Haven, 

Conn. 
Larkin Marshall, publisher of Macon Herald, Macon, Ga. 
John S. Mazeika, Lithuanian Peace Committee, Chicago 
David McCanns, cocbairman, United Negro Peoples' Committee for Peace and 

Freedom, Harlem division. New York 
W. A. McGirt, Jr., youth leader, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Dr. George S. McGovern, Dakota Wesleyan University, Mitchell, S. Dak. 
Rev. Edward McGowan, Epworth Methodist Church, New York 
Horace S. Meldahl, attorney, Charleston, W. Va. 
Karen Morley, actress, Los Angeles 
Dr. Frank Neuwelt, Gary, Ind. 
Prof. J. Rud Nielsen, Norman, Okla. 
Dr. Thomas F. Ogilvie, Atlantic City 

Father Clarence Parker, St. Peters Protestant Episcopal Church, Chicago 
William Pennock, Washington Pension Union, Seattle, Wash. 
David Poindexter, youth leader, Salem, Oreg. 
Prof. Anatol Rapaport, University of Chicago 



140 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Marie J. Reed, trade-unionist, Cleveland 

Bertha C. Reynolds, social worker, Stoughton, Mass. 

Dr. John G. Rideout, Pocatello, Idaho 

Rev. R. Poland Ritter, Archer, Iowa 

Dr. Holland Roberts, educator, San Francisco, Calif. 

Rev. James M. Royston, Union Baptist Church, Chicago 

Antonio Rubio, Chicago Ethical Society, Chicago 

Dr. Robert J. Rutman, Philadelphia 

Ernest N. Rymer, youth leader. New York 

Mitchell W. Schaflfer, steelworker, Bethlehem, Pa. 

Bill Schneyer, youth leader, New York 

Mrs. C. H. Schuddakopf, youth leader. Gig Harbor, Wash. 

Rev. M. L. Scott, Marion, Ark. 

Dr. Benjamin Segal, New York 

(Part 4) 

(Leaflet distributed at the mass rally for peace held at Turner's Arena, Washing- 
ton, D. C, March 15, 1951, by the American Peace Crusade) 

Peace Pilgrimage 

washington, d. c, march 15, 1951 

9:00-10:30 A. M.: Registration, Turner's Arena, 1341 W Street NW, 
10:30 A. M.: Visits to Congressmen and Senators (on Capitol Hill) 
1:30-2 P. M.: Prayer meeting for peace — Tenth and You Streets NW. 
2:45-3:45: Plenary session (Turner's Arena) 

"Where Do We Go From Here" 

Report from the Sponsors' Meeting by — 
Dr. Philip Morrison 
Dr. Clementina Paolone and others 
3:45-5:45 P. M. : State and city delegation meetings (Turner's Arena) 
4:45-5:45 P. M.: Special caucuses (Turner's Arena) 

1. Women 

2. Youth 

3. Labor 

7:15: Mass rally for peace (Turner's Arena) 
Prominent speakers will include: 

Dr. Philip Morrison, Atomic Scientist 

Prof. Robert Morss Lovett, former Acting Governor of the Virgin 

Islands 
Mrs. Therese Robinson, Chr. 
Mr. Paul Robeson 
Dr. Clementina J. Paolone, Chr., American Women for Peace ' 

(Part 5) 

(Daily People's World, February 16, 1951, p. 3) 
Peace Ballot to Reach Thousands in Bay Area 

San Francisco, February 15. — Formal announcement this week of a Nation- 
wide "peace poll" found peace organizations in the San Francisco Bay area on the 
mark and ready to go today. 

Already they have organized a committee to direct the American Peace Crusade 
in the bay area, and at least one participating organization — the Independent 
Progressive Party of Alameda County — will hold "peace ballot" mobilizations 
on Sunday. 

Establishment of local crusade headquarters at 935 Market Street (room 307, 
telephone EXbrook 2-5295), assured the early distribution of thousands of blue 
and white "peace ballots" — which will give rank-and-file citizens a chance to vote 
"yes" or "no" on the question: "Are you for bringing our troops back from Korea 
and for making peace with China now?" 



THE COMMUN^IST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 141 

Agreement to set up a local headquarters was reached at a meeting last week 
attended by delegates or observers from the following organizations: San Francisco 
chapter of the Labor Conference for Peace; peace committee of the American- 
Russian Institute; Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy; Sausalito 
Peace Committee; IPP from San Francisco and Alameda Counties; Committee 
for Peaceful Alternatives and the Palo Alto Peace Committee. 

Members of the committee that will direct the campaign campaign locally 
include William Kerner, Mrs. Jeanne Grusez, Dr. Holland Roberts, John Flowers, 
Mrs. Virginia Stoll, Mrs. Helen Benner, Dr. Robert Colodny, and Eral Leek. 

The committee said each participating organization is 'making preparations 
this week to undertake specific projects "that will bring the peace ballot into homes, 
shops, churches, and main centers of northern California." 

Kerner, speaking on behalf of the committee, declared, "A peaceful settlement 
of the present crisis is possible and necessary. We are confident thousands of 
Bay area residents will take this opportunity to register their opinions on this vital 
issue. 

"The 'great debate' on our foreign policy has, to date, been limited to statesmen 
and politicians. By using the peace ballot the people of America will now express 
their sentiments in this debate." 

The Alameda county IPP said virtually all of its clubs are scheduled to mobilize 
Sunday for a door-to-door canvass with ballots. 

West Oakland club will mobilize at 1 p. m. at 902 Willow Street. 

(Part 6) 

(Daily People's World, February 26, 1951, p. 3) 

Peace Ballot Welcomed in Palo Alto 

San Francisco, February 25 — Palo Alto residents have hit upon a novel way 
of casting their ballots for peace and results, in the "yes" column, are already 
flowing into the San Francisco office of the Committee for the American Peace 
Crusade. 

To acquaint the public with the poll, the Palo Alto Peace Committee purchased 
a large space in the Palo Alto Times in which the ballot was printed in its entirety. 

The ballot asks a "yes" or "no" answer to the one question: "Are you for 
bringing our troops back from Korea and for making peace with China now?" 

Readers of the Times were urged to mark the ballots and mail them to the 
San Francisco peace office, room 307, 935 Market Street. 

By the next day, the ballots began to arrive, said William Kerner, executive 
secretary of the San Francisco committee. 

To date, some 15 have been received. All were marked "yes." 



142 



THE COMIVIUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSrSIVE 



APPENDIX XI 

"Thp: World Must Outlaw A-Bomj?s Now!" 

[Advertisement in Baltimore Sun, June 5, 1950, p. 16] 

LIST OP SPONSORS OF MARYLAND COMMITTEE FOR PEACE 



Prof. D. Cameron Allen, ^ educator 

Mrs. Estelle Amousky, musician 

Franklin L. Balch 

Dr. Edgar F. Berman, ' surgeon 

Miss Carol V. Blanton, musician 

Dr. Ruth Bleier, physician 

Rev. J. Harrison Bryant 

Dr. Robert Burns, embryologist 

Dr. A. C. Burwell, physician 

Dr. J. E. T. Camper, civic leader 

Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Cascino, artists 

Prof. Alphonse Chapanis, educator 

Miss Betty Clark, youth leader 

Prof. Lloyd J. Davidson, educator 

Rev. R. J. Daniels 

Rev. Eddy L. Ford 

Rev. Clarence L. Fossett 

Rev. Don Foster 

Rev. Frank J. Frve 

Rev. Bruce H. Gilford 

Dr. E. A. Gilkes, physician 

Rabbi Israel M. Goldman 

Mrs. Victor L. Gray, civic leader 

Rabbi Jacob S. Green 

Rev. Albert H. Hammond 

Rev. John Hammond 

Rev. Charles S. Harper 

Mrs. Mary Hawkins, civic leader 

Rabbi Joseph H. Hirseh 

Rev. and Mrs. Richard R. Hively 

Rev. Loyd A. Holt 

Dr. Evelyn Howard, physiologist 

Mrs. Margaret R. Irving 

Dr. Frederick Jackson, educator 

Rev. Kelly L. Jackson 

Mrs. Adah Jenkins, civic leader 

Mrs. Eugene L. Jenness 

Dr. Arthur L. Johnson, physician 

Prof. Leo Kanner, psychiatrist 

Mrs. Joseph Kaplan, civic leader 

Mr, and Mrs. Richard Kapuscinski, 

musician 
Mr. Allen Katz, youth leader 
Rev. and Mrs. Fairfax F. King 
Rev. Bruce Knisely 
Lin wood G. Koger, attorney 
Arthur C. Lamb, educator 
Dr. Stanley Levy, dentist 

i;Later resigned from this organization. See p. M. 



Rev. Norris A. Lineweaver ' 

Matthew Lipa 

Rev. and Mrs. Ely Lofton 

Prof. Victor Lowe, educator 

Miss Esther McCuUy, student leader 

Karl Metzler, artist 

Rabbi Uri Miller 

Rev. Cedric E. Mills 

Prof. Clifford T. Morgan, psychologist 

Prof. Orville Moselv, educator 

Mr. and Mrs. William Murphy, civic 
leaders 

Daniel Nitzberg, youth leader 

Dr. A. G. Osier, iDacteriologist 

Prof. Edwards A. Park, pediatrician 

Rev. Joseph N. Pedricki 

Rev. W. Lindsai Pitts 

Rabbi Manuel M. Poliakoff i 

Mr. Arthur Randall, journalist 

Chuck Richards, radio announcer 

Dr. and Mrs. Harold Rosen, psychia- 
trist 

Rabbi Samuel Rosenblatt 

Rev. Edwin A. Ross 

Mrs. Arno Schirokauer 

Rev. Gustav Schmidt 

Rabbi Ephraim F. Shapiro 

Dr. and Mrs. George Sharfatz 

Bishop Alexander P. Shaw 

Mr. Howard Shpritz, civic leader 

Mrs. Herbert Shuger 

Rev. E. L. Smith 

Aaron Sopher,' artist 

Anthony Stone, psychologist 

Mrs. Henry G. Taubman, civic leader 

Mrs. Haidee Terrill, novelist 

Prof. Alexander Walker, educator 

Pev. James H. Walker 

Melvin L. Ward, civic leader 

Mrs. Gertrude Waters, civic leader 

Rev. Wilbur Waters 

Dr. Charles Watts, dentist 

Dr. William Watts, physician 

Rev. E. W. White 

Rev. E. W. Williams 

Rev. F. E. Williar 

Rev. Carl E. Young 

Dr. Ralph J. Young, physician 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 143 

APPENDIX XII 

Call to Mid-Century Conference for Peace, May 29, 30, 1950, Chicago 

INITIATING sponsors 

Dr. David Baker, president, Associated Church Press, St. Louis, Mo. 

Emily Greene Balch, Nobel prize winner, honorary chairman, Women's Inter- 
national League for Peace and Freedom, Wellesley, Mass. 

Dr. Wade Crawford Barclay, Methodist Board of Missions, New York, N. Y. 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, president, Palmer Institute, Sedalia, N. C. 

Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan, Congregation Beth-El, Astoria, Long Island. 

Rev. Donald Cloward, Northern Baptist Convention, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Howard G. Colwell, president. Northern Baptist Convention, Loveland, 
Colo. 

Dr. Abraham Cronbach, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dr. Mark Dawber, Long Beach, Long Island. 

Prof. Kermit Eby, University of Chicago, Chicago. 111. 

Rabbi Alvin I. Fine, Congregation Emanu-El, San Francisco, Calif. 

Mrs. Welthy H. Fisher, United Council of Church Women, New York City. 

Prof. E. Franklin Frazier, Howard University, W^ashington, D. C. 

Rabbi Robert Cordis, Jewish Theological Seminarv, Belle Harbor, New York 
City. 

Bishop S. L. Greene, A. M. E. Church, Birmingham, Ala. 

Prof. Georgia Harkness, Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. 

Prof. Robert J. Havighurst, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Charles W. Iglehart, chairman, board of directors, F. O. R., New York City. 

Rev. D. V. Jemison, president. National Baptist Convention, Selma, Ala. 

Dr. W. H. Jernagin, Fraternal Council of Negro Churches, Washington, D. C. 

Jameson Jones, president. National Conference of Methodist Youth, Nashville, 
Tenn. 

Rabbi Leo Jung, Rabbinical Council of America, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. William E. Lampe, Evangelical and Reformed Church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dr. Halford E. Luccock, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn. 

Dr. Lester G. McAllister, Berkeley, Calif. 

Dr. Thomas Mann, Nobel literature prize winner. Pacific Palisades, Calif. 

Donald L. Mathews, Union Theological Seminary, New York City. 

Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, president, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga. 

Dean Walter G. Muelder, Boston University, Boston, Mass. 

Dr. John S. Nolle, president emeritus, Grinnell College, Iowa. 

Dr. Albert W. Palmer, Altadena, Calif. 

Rt. Rev. Edward L. Parsons, Protestant Episcopal bishop (retired); San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. 

Prof. Linus Pauling, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. 

Prof. George V. Schick, secretary. Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. Franklin I. Sheeder, Evangelical and Reformed Church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hon. Odell Shepard, Pulitzer hterature prize winner, Connecticut. 

Dr. P. A. Sorokin, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 

Dean John B. Thompson, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, University of Chicago, 
Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Charles Turck, president, Macalester College, St. Paul, Minn. 

Prof. Oswald Veblen, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University, 
Princeton, N. J. 

Bishop W. J. Walls, A. M. E. Zion Church, Chicago, 111. 

Prof. Goodwin Watson, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City. 

Bishop R. R. Wright, Jr., A. M. E. Church, Atlanta, Ga. 

Organizations, titles and other affiliations are listed for purposes of identification 

only. 



144 THE COMMUNIST "PEAiCE" OFFENSIVE 

Figure 6. 

CONFERENCE PROGRAM 

Monday, May 29 

10:00 a.m.— 12 m. —REGISTRATION . . . .* St. James Methodist Church 

4611 S. miis Ave., Chicago 

2:00 p.m. —4:00 p.m.— KEYNOTE SESSION St. James Methodist Church 

Chairman 

Bishop W. J. Walls, A.M.E. Zion Church 

HISTORY OF THE CONFERENCE 

Dr. John B. Thompson, Dean. Rockefeller Chapel, University of 

Chicago J 

THE COLD WAR. WHERE ARE WE TODAY? 

Dr. Malcolm P. Sharp, Professor of Law, University of Chicago 

THE REQUIREMENTS FOR PEACE 

Prof. Kerrait Eby, Divisionof Social Sciences, University of Chicago 

PEACE IS DYNAMIC 
Mis8 Emily Greene Balch, Honorary Chairman, Women's Inter- 
national League for Peace and Freedom, 
Wellesley, Mass. (recorded) 

5:30 p.m.— YOUTH SUPPER 

Donald Mathews, President, Student Cabinet, Union Theological 
Seminary, New York City 

8:00 p.m.— PUBLIC MEETING— St. James Methodist Church, 4611 S. Ellis 

"PEACE IS POSSIBLE" 

INVOCATION— Dr. George A. Fowler, St. James Methodist Church, Chicago 

CHAIRMAN— Dr. John B. Thompson, Dean, Rockefeller Chapel, University of 
Chicago 

SPEAKERS— Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Pres., Palmer Institute. Sedalia, N.C. 

Dr. Mark A. Dawber, formerly of the Home Missions Council of North 
America, Long Beach, N.Y. 

Rev. Maasie Kennard, pastor to youth. Metropolitan Community 
Church, Chicago 

Thomas Mann, Nobel Prize Winner (recorded) 

Prof. Philip Morrison, physicist, Cornell University 

F. W. Stover, Editor, "The Iowa Union Fanner," De« Moines, Iowa 

Harris Wofford, Trustee, Foundation for World Government, N.Y.C. 

Tuesday, May 30— WORK SEMINARS TO EXAMINE PEACEFUL ALTERNATIVES TO 
THE COLD WAR 

10 KM) a.m.— 12 KK) m — 

All at St. James Methodist Church 
IKM) p.m.— 3KM) p.m.— 

I. FEAR— EFFECTS ON FAMILY AND COMMUNITY 

MODERATOR— Dr. David D. Baker, Pres., Associated Church Press, St. Louis, Mo. 

DISCUSSION LEADERS— Prof. K«rmit Eby, Division of Social Sciences, llnivereity of Chicago 
Dr. Albert Bamett, Garrett Biblical Institute. Evanston. III. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE:" OFFEISTSIVE 145 

II. EFFECTS OF THE H-BOMB, THE A-BOMB 

MODERATOR— Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan, Congregation Belh-El, Astoria, L.I. 
DISCUSSION LEADERS— Dr. Daniel Q. Posin, Professor of Physics, N. DakoU State Agricul- 
tural College, Fargo 
■ Rev. Alfred W. Swan, First Congregational Church, Madison, Wis. 

III. ECONOMY, TRADE AND FOREIGN POLICY 

MODERATOR— Rev. Edgar M. Wahlberg, Mt. Olivet Methodist Church, Dearborn, 

Michigan 
DISCUSSION LEADERS— Prof. Colston E. Warne, Economist, Amherst College, Mass. 

Mrs. WeJthy Fisher, Chairman, World Day of Prayer Committee, 

United Council of Church Women, N.Y.C. 
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, Author and Anthropologist, Council on African 
Affairs 

IV. CIVIL LIBERTIES 

MODERATOR— Dr. Charles J. Turck, President, Macalesler College, St. Paul, Minn. 
DISCUSSION LEADER— Hon. Clifford Durr, Former Federal Communications Commissioner. 

Washington, D.C. 
Dr. Mark A. Dawber, fomieriy of the Home Missions Council of North 
America, Long Beach, N.Y. 

To plan efTective community action, the Conference will have experts in religion, education, 
labor, youth and community life as consultants in each seminar. 

4 KM) p.m.— 6K)0 p.m.— CLOSING SESSION 

Reports from Seminars 

Adoption of Program 

Election of Continuations Committee 

7:00 p.m. —FELLOWSHIP SUPPER 

CONFERENCE INFORMATION 

Attendance and participation is open to all who are concerned with theproblemof peace in today's world. 

Registration fee: $2 — for admission to all sessions. 

Program Committee 

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown Prof. Robert J. Havighurst Rev. Franklin I. Sheeder 

Rabbi Jonali K. Caplan Jameson Jones Dean John B. Thompson 

Prof. Kermit Eby Dr. Halford E. Luccock Bishop W. J. Walls 

Rabbi Aivin I. Fine Dr. Thomas Mann Prof. Goodwin Watson 

Mrs. Welthy Fisher Donald Mathews Bishop R. R. Wright, Jr. 

Prof. Linus Pauling 



REGISTRATION FORM-Tear off and mail! 

to: MID-CENTURY CONFERENCE FOR PEACE 

30 North Dcarlrarn Street, Chicago 2, IllinoU 

I plan to attend the MID-CENTURY CONFERENCE FOR PEACE to be 
Mil in Chicago on May 29. 30 
I will attend as an individual.Q 
I will be a deleKale, representing 

Re«(iatration fee of S2.00 is encloMd. O" 

Name 

Pleaae print 



City 



Your prompt return of the at- 
tached registration form will 
help us to make the necessary 
arrangements for adequate and 
convenient meeting facilities. 

Make ell checks payable to: 

COMMITTEE FOR 

PEACEFUL 

ALTERNATIVES 



146 THE COMMUKIST "PEACE" OFE'EK'SIVE 

SPONSORS 

Prof. Edith Abbott, Hull House, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. A. Abram, East Beckley, W. Va. 

Rev. Gross W. Alexander, Redlands, Calif. 

Miss Helen Alfred, Peace Publication Fund, South Orange, N. J. 

Bishop A. J. Allen, A. M. E. Zion Church, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Bishop C. C. Alleyne, A. M. E. Zion Church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rabbi Michael Alper, Jewish Institute of Religion, New York 

Rev. Howard M. Amoss, North Avenue Methodist Church, Baltimore, Md. 

Dr. J. H. Ashbv, Afro-American Baptist Convention, Asbury Park, N. J. 

Rev. B. Franklin Auld, Baltunore, Md. 

Rev. H. Stewart Austin, West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Homer Ayres, Farm Relations Director, Farm Equipment Union, Des Moines, 
Iowa 

Rev. Karl Baehr, American Christian Palestine Committee, New Hvde Park, 
N. Y. 

Donald Gay Baker, Chairman, Friends Temperance Association, Collegeville, Pa. 

Dr. De Witt C. Baldwin, University of Michigan. 

Dr. Russell W. Ballard, Hull House, Chicago, III. 

Rev. Alfred H. Barker, Des Moines, Iowa 

Dr. Albert E. Barnett, Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. 

Dr. Cyrus P. Barnum, Jr., University of Minnesota. 

Miss Charlotta Bass, editor, the California Eagle, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Rev. Owen J. Beadles, Methodist district superintentent, Seattle, Wash. 

Rev. J. E. Beard, A. M. E. Church, Nashville, Tenn. 

Prof. Irwin R. Beiler, University of Miami, Miami, Fla. 

Elmer Benson, Appleton, Minn. 

Robert Berberich, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Dr. Frederick K. Beutel, dean, Law School, University of Nebraska. 

Rev. Lester H. Bill, Fort Madison, Iowa 

Dr. Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville, N. C. 

Dr. Algernon L. Black, New York Society for Ethical Culture, New York 

Dr. Ruth Bleier, Maryland Committee for Peace, Baltimore, Aid. 

Hans Blumenfeld, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dr. Heil D. Bollinger, Methodist Board of Education, Nashville, Tenn. 

Rev. Charles J. Booker, Birmingham, Ala. 

Rev. Charles F. Boss, executive secretary, Commission on World Peace, Metho- 
dist Church, Evanston, 111. 

Rev. J. Burt Bouwman, executive secretary, Michigan Council of Churches, 
Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. J. W. Bradbury, editor. Watchman Examiner, New York City 

Rev. Theodore Brameld, New York University 

Prof. G. Murray Branch, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga. 

Rabbi Stanley R. Brav, Cincinnati, Ohio 

Prof. Dorothy Brewster, Columbia University. 

Prof. Edgar S. Brightman, Boston University 

Rev. E. F. Broberg, Sioux Citv, Iowa 

Rev. John W. Broek, Plainfield, N. J. 

Rev. J. S. Brookens, editor, A. M. E. Review, Mobile, Ala. 

Rev. Edwin A. Brown, Marion, Ohio 

Bishop W. C. Brown, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Prof. Robert W. Browning, Northwestern University. 

Dr. T. T. Brumbaugh, associate secretary, Methodist Board of Missions, 
New York, N. Y. 

Dr. David Bryn-Jones, Carlton College, Northfield, Minn. 

Hugh Bryson, Marine Cooks & Stewards Union, San Francisco, Calif. 

Prof. Wayne Burns, Seattle, Wash. 

Prof. Edwin A. Burt, Cornell University 

Dr. Allan M. Butler, Medical School, Harvard University. 

Mrs. Rachel R. Cadbury, Society of Friends, Moorestown, N. J. 

Prof. Kenneth Neill Cameron, University of Indiana, Bloomington 

Rabbi Jessurun D. Cardozo, New York, N. Y. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Carhart, Chevy Chase, Md. 

Dr. Anton J. Carlson, University of Chicago 

Prof. Rudolph Carnap, University of Chicago 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 147 

Lucy P. Carner, social worker, Chicago, III. 

Rev. G. H. Carter, the Christian Index, Jackson, Tenn. 

Matthew G. Carter, association secretary, Southwest Area Council, YMCA, 
Dallas, Tex. 

Rev. and Mrs. Mark A. Chamberlin, Gresham, Oreg. 

Dr. Bernhard Christensen, president, Augsburg College, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Alvin B. Christ man. Farmers Union, Centerport, Pa. 

Rev. Otto P. Churchill, North Scituate, R. I. 

James Cichocki, president, local 742, UAW-CIO, Detroit, Mich. 

Miriam E. Cliff, president. Food, Tobacco, Agricultural Workers, local 638, 
Lancaster, Pa. 

Robert M. Coates, writer, Bayside, N. Y. 

Rev. Albert Buckner Coe, D. D., president, Massachusetts Conference of Con- 
gregational Churches, Boston, Mass. 

Dr. George A. Coe, professor, emeritus. Union Theological Seminary, Claremont, 
Calif. 

Rabbi Rudolph I. Coffee, San Francisco, Calif. 

Rabbi Jack J. Cohen, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Dorothy Bushnell Cole, Chicago Women's Club, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Edwin Grant Conklin, Princeton University 

Rev. W. Ross Conner, Madison, Wis. 

Rev. Elbert M. Conover, Methodist Church, New York, N. Y. 

Florence Converse, author, Wellesley, Mass. 

Rev. Lindley J. Cook, Portland, Maine 

Fred Coots, Jr., New York, N. Y. 

Dr. Henry Hitt Crane, Detroit, Mich. 

Rt. Rev. Benjamin D. Dagwell, D. D., Protestant Episcopal bishop of Portland, 
Oreg. 

Dr. George Dahl, professor emeritus, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn. 

Phyllis Ann Davies, Keuka College, Keuka Park, N. Y. 

Dr. Jerome Davis, West Haven, Conn. 

Rev. Warren J. Day, Union Theological Seminary, New York, N. Y. 

A. C. Debobe.n, Brotherhood Firemen and Engineers, Gardenville, N. Y. 

Prof. John J. DeBoer, University of Illinois 

Rev. Purd E. Deitz, Eden Theological Seminary, Webster Groves, Mo. 

Prof. W. W. Denton, University of Arizona 

Dr. W. Marshon DePoister, Grinnell College, Iowa 

Rev. Oviatt F. Desmond, Columbus, Ohio 

Prof. Charlotte D'Evelyn, Mount Holyoke College 

Dr. Harold De Wolfe, Boston LTniversity 

Hon. Earl B. Dickerson, Chicago, 111. 

Prof. Frank Dobie, University of Texas, Austin 

Dr. Witherspoon Dodge, National Religion and Labor Foundation, New Haven, 
Conn. 

Ivan Dornon, president, Ohio Methodist Student Movement 

Rev. M. E. Dorr, Dayton, Iowa 

Dr. Hedley S. Dimock, George Williams College, Chicago, 111. 

Prof. Dorothy W. Douglas, Smith College 

Mary E. Dreier, Women's Trade Union League, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. Oliver G. Droppers, Cleveland, Ohio 

Rabbi Abraham Dubin, Flushing, N. Y. 

Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, New York, N. Y. 

Lvdia A. M. Denser, Methodist Hospital Nurses Home, Omaha, Nebr. 

Rev. Hubert N. Dukes, Grand Forks, ,N. Dak. 

Dean David Dunn, Evangelical and Reformed Seminary, Lancaster, Pa. 

Dr. L. C. Dunn, Columbia University 

Dr. H. Stanley Dunn, Evangelical and Reformed Seminary, Lancaster, Pa. 

Rev. G. Eugene Durham, Evanston, 111. 

James Durkin, president, UOPWA, New York, N. Y. 

Hon. Clifford Durr, Washington, D. C. 

Armand d'Usseau, playwright. New York, N. Y. 

Carl Leon Eddv, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Robert M. Eddy, Albany, N. Y. 

Rev. J. Edwin Elder, New Plv mouth, Idaho 

Errol T. Elliot, Richmond, Ind. 

Rev. Phillips P. Elliott, Brooklyn, N. Y. 



148 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Prof. Thomas I. Emerson, Yale University Law School 

Joseph E. Engel, Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. A. R. Eschliman, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 

Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Chicago, 111. 

Prof. John Scott Everton, president, Kalamazoo College 

Thomas K. Farley, director. Southern California-Arizona Conference of Meth- 
odist Youth, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Rev. C. C. Farnham, executive secretary 

Los Angeles Church Federation, California 

Lion Feuchtwanger, writer, Pacific Palisades, Calif. 

Harold E. Fey, editor, Christian Century, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Prof. Joseph F. Fletcher, Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge, Mass. 

Rev. Arthur W. Foote, Unitarian Church, St. Paul, Minn. 

Rev. Eddy L. Ford, Baltimore, Md. 

Price Forsythe, president. Local 725, IBEW, AFL. 

Rev. Roscoe Foust, New York, N. Y. 

Dr. George A. Fowler, president. Church Federation of Greater Chicago, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

John Franzen, Seymour, Conn. 

Prof. Frank S. Freeman, Cornell University 

Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman, Los Angeles, Calif. ^ " 

Edward D. Gallagher, past president, California State Federation of Teachers, 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Bishop Carey A. Gibbs, A. M. E. Church, Jacksonville, Fla. 

Rev. George Miles Gibson, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Rudolph W. Gilbert, Unitarian Church, Denver, Colo. 

Mrs. Louis S. Gimbel, Jr., New York, N. Y. 

Hon. Josiah W. Gitt, publisher. Gazette Daily, York, Pa. 

Rabbi Roland B. Gittelsohn, Rockville Centre, Long Island, N. Y. 

Robert C. Gnegv, recording secretary, National Conference of Methodist Youth 
Washington, D. C. 

Rabbi Robert E. Goldberg, New Haven, Conn, 

Louis Goldblatt, ILWU, San Francisco, Calif. 

Carlton B. Goodlett, M. D., president, NAACP, San Francisco, Calif. 

Helen Gordon, Denver, Colo. 

Dr. Ivan M. Gould, general secretary, Pennsylvania Council of Churches, Harris- 
burg, Pa. 

Charles A. Graham, former chairman, War Labor Board, Denver, Colo. 

Shirley Graham, writer, St. Albans, Long Island, N. Y. 

Rabbi David Graubart, D. D., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Leon E. Grubaugh, Denver, Colo. 

David Haber, Yale University Law School 

Prof. Calvin S. Hall, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Alice Hamilton, M. D., Hadlyme, Conn. 

Bishop J. Arthur Hamlett, Colored M. E. Church, Kansas City, Kans. 

Prof. C. H. Hamlin, Atlantic Christian College, Wilson, N. C. 

Dr. G. A. Hampton, secretary general. Association of Kentucky Baptists, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Pauline Gillespie Hansen, YWCA, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Prof. Harrison L. Harley, Simmons College, Brookline, Mass. 

George Harper, administrative secretary. National Conference Methodist Youth, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Dr. E. E. Harris, the Telescope Messenger, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Prof. C. Sheldon Hart, Carleton College, Northfield, Minn. 

Rev. William C. F. Hayes, conference superintendent. Evangelical United 
Brethren, Madison, Wis. 

Mrs. Anne E. Heath, president. Women's Missionary Society, A. M. E. Church, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Prof. Michael Heidelberger, New York, N. Y. 

Donald Henderson, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dr. Everett C. Herack, president emeritus, Newton Theological School, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Rev. Chas. A. Hill, Detroit, Mich. 

Dr. Leslie Pickney Hill, State Teachers College, Cheyney, Pa. 

Dr. Cecil E. Hinshaw, former president, William Penn College, F. O. R., Kirk- 
wood, Mo. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 149 

Virginia Hippie, recording secretary, U. E. 754, Dayton, Ohio 

Rev. John Haynes Hohnes, New York, N. Y. 

William Hood, recording secretary, UAW-CIO Local 600, Dearborn, Mich. 

Rev. Reynold N. Hoover, Chicago, 111. 

Karen Horney, M. D., New York, N. Y. 

Rabbi Samuel Horowitz, Seattle, Wash. 

Dr. Walter M. Horton, Oberlin Graduate School of Theology, Oberlin, Ohio 

Hon. Charles P. Howard, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Rev. Fred A. Hughes, editor. Western Christian Recorder, St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. M. C. Hunt, Lakewood, Ohio 

James Imbrie, Lawrenceville, N. J. 

Rev. Harold B. Ingalls, National Student YMCA, Tuckahoc, N. Y. 

Rev. Dr. J. R. Jamison, president, Arkansas Missionary Baptist Convention, 

Morrilton, Ark. 
Udell Jarden, president. Painters Local Union 35, Staunton, 111. 
Jenny A. Johnson, editor. The Friend, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Dr. E. Stanley Jones, New York, N. Y. 
Esther Holmes Jones, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Rev. John Paul Jones, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Dr. Mordecai M. Kaplan, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, 

N. Y. 
Rev. Massie Kennard, cochairman, Illinois Christian Youth for Peace, Chicago, 

111.' 
Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, Methodist district superintendent, Casper, Wyo. 
Dr. A. C. Keller, University of Washington 
Prof. Carl Kepner, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. 
Bishop Paul B. Kern, Methodist Church, Nashville, Tenn. 
Rev. Herbert King, New York, N. Y. 

Velma Ruth King, Southwestern College, Winfield, Kans. 
Rabbi Edward E. Klein, New York, N. Y. 
Dr. I. M. Kolthoff, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. 
Rev. Edwin E. Krapf, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Leo Krzycki, president, American Slav Congress, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Rev. B. F. Lamb, president, Ohio Council of Churches, Columbus, Ohio. 
Rev. Andrew H. Lambright, Madison, Wis. 
Dr. Corliss Lamont, writer, New York, N. Y. 
Rev. Carl J. Landes, Shandon, Ohio. 
Rev. Donald G. Lathrop, Boston, Mass. 
Rev. Dr. John Howland Lathrop, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Hugo Leaming, cochairman, Illinois Christian Youth for Peace, Chicago, 111. 
James D. LeCron, Berkeley, Calif. 

Howard Lee, vice president, local 22, UAW-CIO, Detroit, Mich. 
Nora W. Link, Women's Missionary Society, A. M. E. Church, Philadelphia, Pa, 
Robert L. Lindsey, Union Theological Seminary, New York, N. Y. 
Prof. Rayford W. Logan, chairman, department of history, Howard University 
Rev. Herman H. Long, Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn. 
Rev. John D. Long, Dayton, Ohio 

Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio 
Tom Ludwig, Farmers Union, Greenville, Tenn. 
S. Beryl Lush, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Prof. Curtis D. MacDougall, Northwestern Universitv 
Louis Machetta, president, local 22, UAW-CIO Detroit, Mich. 
Rev. James Macpherson, Broadway Baptist Church, Denver, Colo. 
Rev. Paul G. Macy, executive secretary, Evanston Council of Churches, Evanston, 

111. 
Rev. Charles C. G. Manker, El Paso, Tex. 
Rev. Stanley Manning, chairman. Committee on International Relations, Uni- 

versalist Church of America, Avon, 111. 
Rev. Samuel W. Marble, Denver, Colo. 
Dr. F. L. Marcuse, Cornell University 
Mary Bacon Mason, vice chairman. War Resisters League, Newton Center, 

Mass. 
Prof. Kirtley Mather, Harvard University 
Rev. Howard G. Matson, Santa Monica, Calif. 
Grace McDonald, Santa Clara, Calif. 
Bernard V. McGroarty, Cleveland, Ohio 



150 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Mrs. Annabelle J. McLay, Birmingham, Mich. 

Carey McWilHams, Los Angeles, CaUf. 

Rev. George Mecklenburg, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Dr. Paul I. Miller, Hiram College, Ohio 

Rabbi Uri Miller, Baltimore, Md. 

Rt. Rev. Walter Mitchell, Protestant Episcopal bishop (retired) of Arizona, 
Rancho Santa Fe, Calif. 

Dr. F. M. Ashley Montagu, Rutgers University, N. J. 

Rev. Robert W, Moon, San Francisco, Calif. 

Mrs.jHalois Moorehead, Hotel Front Service Employees Union, local 444, A. F. of L., 
New York 

Prof. Philip Morrison, Cornell University 

HoUis M. Mosher, Milton, Mass. 

Willard Motley, author, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. John R. Mott, World Alliance, YMCA, New York, N. Y. 

Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, Protestant Episcopal bishop (retired) of Utah, Salt 
Lake City, Utah 

Mrs. Baxter Mow, Chicago, 111. 

Stuart Mudd, M. D., School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania 

Rev. Robert Muir, Roxbury Crossing, Mass. 

Rev. Skillman E. Myers, Goddard College, Plainfield, Vt. 

Prof. Seth Neddermeyer, University of Washington 

Dr. Henry Neumann, Brooklyn Ethical Culture Society, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Rev. J. Pierce Newell, La Crosse, Wis. 

Rev. Walter D. Niles, Bonne Terre, Mo. 

M. W. O'Brien, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Richmond, Calif. 

Clifford Odets, playwright. New York, N. Y. 

Rev. Tarrence F. Ogden, president, Schenectady Ministers Association, Schenec- 
tady, N. Y. 

Rt. Rev. C. Ashton Oldham, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Albany, N. Y. 

Mrs. John Ormond, Birmingham, Mich. 

Dr. A. G. Osier, School of Hygiene, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md. 

Rev. Clarence E. Parr, Albuquerque, N. Mex. 

Rev. Elmer C. Pedrick, Richmond, Va. 

Rev. Edward L. Peet, Mill Valley, Calif. 

Rev. Leslie T. Pennington, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. E. C. Peters, president, Paine College, Augusta, Ga. 

Albert Pezzati, International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, Columbus, 
Ohio 

Rev. Louis C. Phelps, Nampa, Idaho 

Prof. Seymour M. Pitcher, State University of Iowa 

Rabbi David De Sola Pool, New York, N. Y. 

Harry H. Powell, president, local 1010, United Steelworkers of America, CIO, 
Indiana Harbor, Ind. 

Willard B. Ransom, State president, NAACP, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Shirley Reece, National Conference of Methodist Youth, Stockton, Calif. 

Rev. J. W. Reed, Portland, Oreg. 

Bishop Frank M. Reid, Allen University, Columbia, S. C. 

Rev. L. Willard Reynolds, West Newton, Ind. 

Rev. James Rhinesmeith, Oceanside, N. Y. 

Judge James Hoge Ricks, Richmond, Va. 

Prof. John G. Rideout, Pocatello, Idaho 

Rev. Llovd H. Rising, Lincoln, Nebr. 

Holland "Roberts, director, California Labor School, San Francisco, Calif. 

Very Rev. Paul Roberts, dean, St. Johns Cathedral, Denver, Colo. 

Dr. Theodor Rosebury, New York, N. Y. 

Rabbi Jacob Phillip Rudin, Great Neck, Long Island, N. Y. 

Dr. E. E. Rvden, The Augustana Lutheran, Rock Island, 111. 

Dr. Ernest W. Saunders, Morningside College, Sioux City, Iowa 

J. Nevin Sayre, division International F. O. R., New York, N. Y. 

Alfred G. Scattergood, Religious Society of Friends, Philadelphia, Pa. 

J. Henry Scattergood, Religious Societv of Friends, Villanova, Pa. 

Leo SchaefTer, president, local 163, UAW, Detroit, Mich. 

Sylvain Schnaittacker, Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, El Paso, Tex. 

Rev. Paul G. Schneider, Canton, Ohio 

Dr. T. C. Schneirla, American Museum of Natural History, New York, N. Y. 

Dr. Edwin W. Schramm, Columbus, Ohio 



THE COMiVIUNIST "PEACE" OFFElSrSIVE 151 

Rev. John H. Shanley, Coshocton, Ohio 

Dr. Harlow Shapley, Harvard College Observatory 

Prof. John F. Shepard, University of Michigan 

Dr. Guy Emery Shipler, editor, The Churchman, New York, N. Y. 

Tom L. Slater, Carpenters Union, local 1, A. F. of L., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Alson J. Smith, writer, Stamford, Conn. 

Marlin E. Smith, president. Food, Tobacco Workers, local 638, Oshkosh, Wis. 

Rev. Roy C. Snodgrass, Amarillo, Tex. 

Rabbi Elias Solomon, New York, N. Y. 

Dr. John Somerville, author, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. Walter B. Spaulding, executive secretarv, Montana Board of Education, 
Methodist Church, Great Falls, Mont. 

Jonathan Steere, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. Philip Humason Steinmetz, Ashfield, Mass. 

Rev. Alexander Stewart, Union Theological Seminary, New York, N. Y. 

Walter Stich, Marine Engineers, San Francisco, Calif. 

Rev. Wrav W. Stickford, Mansfield, Mass. 

Donald E. Stier, Cleveland, Ohio 

I. F. Stone, columnist, Washington, D. C. 

Fred W. Stover, president, Iowa Farmers Union, Hampton, Iowa 

Oscar Strum, vice president. Central Body, A. F. of L., Staunton, 111. 

Dr. Stanley I. Stuber, Church World Service, Inc., New York, N. Y. 

Leon Svirsky, Ossining, N. Y. 

Rev. Alfred W. Swan, Madison, Wis. 

Glen Talbot, president. North Dakota Farmers Union, Jamestown, N. Dak. 

Rev. Alva W. Taylor, Nashville, Tenn. 

Dr. Price A. Taylor, Jr., Central Christian Advocate, New Orleans, La. 

Rev. John H. Telfer, Dousman, Wis. 

Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, honorary president. National Association for Ad- 
vancement of Colored Women, Washington, D. C. 

Rev. Dillon Throckmorton, Sr., Methodist district superintendent, Sacramento, 
Calif. 

Rev. Willis C. Thurow, Montana Conference Methodist Church, Glendive, Mont. 

Mrs. M. E. Tilly, Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, Ga. 

Rev. Frank Morev Toothaker, Methodist district superintendent. Phoenix, Ariz. 

Rev. V. M. Townsend, president. Elder A. M. E. Church, Little Rock, Ark. 

Rev. Carroll D. Tripp, Vermont Church Council, Burlington, Vt. 
Louis Untermeyer, writer, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dr. Willard Uphaus, executive secretary. National Religion and Labor Founda- 
tion, New Haven, Conn. 

Mark Van Doren, writer, New York, N. Y. 

Pierre Van Paassen, writer. New York, N. Y. 

Rev. P. G. Van Zandt, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Maurice Visscher, University of INIinnesota 

Rev. Edgar M. Wahlberg, Dearborn, Mich. 

Bishop Paris A. Wallace, A. M. E. Zion Church, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Prof. George H. Watson, Roosevelt College, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Ewart G. Watts, El Paso, Tex. 

Prof. F. W. Went, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. 

Prof. Henry Nelson Wieman, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oreg. 

Rev. Howard G. Wiley, executive secretary, Minneapolis Church Federation 

Rev. Howell O. Wilkins, vice chairman. World Christian Youth Commission, 

" Camden, Del. 
Rev. Harper S. Will, alternate moderator. Church of the Brethren, Chicago, 111. 
Aubrey Williams, editor. Southern Farmer, Montgomery, Ala. 
Rev. Claude Williams, Helena, Ala. 
Rev. Walter T. Wilson, East Chicago, Ind. 
Rev. Edwin H. Witman, New Cumberland, Pa. 

Hon. James A. Wolfe, Utah Supreme Court justice. Salt Lake City, Utah 
Prof. Rolland E. Wolfe, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 
Dr. Thomas Woody, University of Pennsylvania 
Rev. Warren Wyrick, chairman. Commission on International Relations of San 

Francisco Council of Churches 
Prof. W. A. Young, Baker University, Baldwin, Kans. 
Rev. Herbert E. Zebarth, Milwaukee, Wis. 



152 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFPE'JSTSIVB 

APPENDIX XIII 

[Advertisement in New York Times, April 13, 1949, p. 36] 

Labor Wants Peace Talks Not a Pact for War — A Statement on the North 
Atlantic Pact 

The United States Senate, which recently filibustered the civil rights bills to 
death, has been called upon to push through the North Atlantic Pact at top 
legislative speed. 

It is argued that the North Atlantic Pact is urgently needed to secure world 
peace. Yet many, here and abroad, are alarmed over the pact and fear that, far 
from promoting peace, it may lead to war. This is our fear. We, the under- 
signed, see neither hope nor promise in a world divided into hostile blocks. 

It makes no sense to say, as the Secretary of State has said, that the North 
Atlantic Pact is in the spirit of the United Nations Charter and conforms to its 
provisions. The North Atlantic Pact is the opposite of the United Nations. It 
is the final climax in a series of events which have disunited the original United 
Nations. It is clearly a pact for war based on the assumption that peace is 
either impossible or undesirable. 

We fervently believe that peace — which the overwhelming majority in all 
countries earnestly want — is possible. We are convinced that the controversy 
between the United States and the U. S. S. R. can be resolved in negotiations for 
a peaceful settlement. The pact closes the door on negotiation. 

Millions of dollars of American taxpayers' money are to go to the pact's signa- 
tories for arms and armies. Less than 4 years after the conclusion of the last 
war, the United States evidently is ready to promote a full-fledged international 
armaments race. This is the road to war — not peace. 

As trade-unionists, we are especially alarmed over policies which put American 
economy on a war footing, give our industries a stake in the continuance of the 
armaments race, and fill Americans with a fear of peace as bad for business and 
harmful to national prosperity. We are convinced that the true road to pros- 
perity lies in the development of peacetime industry, designed to meet the mount- 
ing needs of consumers. The dread of a depression should be met by forthright 
action to protect the living standards of Americans, employed and unemployed. 

The North Atlantic Pact is a very serious departure from traditional American 
policy. It should not be rushed through to meet a fictitious deadline. We urge 
all Americans, regardless of their political differences, to call upon the President, 
the Secretary of State, and the Congress to arrange for free and unrestricted 
public hearings before, as a Nation, we are committed to a course which many of 
us feel is fraught with peril to America and the world. 

Arthur Osman, president, local 65, Wholesale and Warehouse Workers 

William Michelson, president, local 2, Department Store Workers 

Leon J. Davis, president, local 1199, Drug Clerks Union 

Al Evanoff", division director, local 65, United Wholesale and Warehouse Workers 

Milton Goldman, business agent, local 1199, Drug Clerks Union 

Frank Quinn, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

PhiUip Wachtel, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Irving Wodin, administrator, local 2, Department Store Workers 

Bernard Eisenberg, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Abe Cohen, garment area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Frank Brown, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Bill Portnoy, employment dispatcher, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Lillian Stephens, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Peter Evanoff, employment dispatcher, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Charles Goldstein, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Peter Baldino, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Joe Tillem, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Sol Molofsky, Fourth Avenue director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Leonard Irsay, headquarters area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

William O'Connor, Long Island area, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Harry Bush, Long Island area, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Max C. Wantman, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Philip Mannheim, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. j 

Ruth Bearman, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 

Bernard Tolkow, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. 



THE COMJVIUNIST "PEACE" 0FFE3SrSIVE 153 

Irving Zeldman, recording secretary, local 2155, United Brotherhood of Car- 
penters, AFL. 

Edward Schwuchow, financial secretary. Carpenters Local 21, United Brotherhood 
of Carpenters, AFL 

Alex Klerman, trustee, local 2155, United Brotherhood of Carpenters, AFL 

Isidore Rosenberg, manager, joint council 13, United Shoe Workers, CIO 

Fileno De Novalis, secretary-treasurer, joint council 13, USW-CIO 

Anthony Scimica, coordinator, local 54, USW-CIO 

Milton "Schaff, business agent, local 129, USW-CIO 

Nick De Maria, business agent, local 60, USW-CIO 

Santo Gioia, business agent, USW-CIO 

A. Silver, chairman executive board, local 60, USW-CIO 
Pat D'Amelio, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO 
Leo Sanders, business agent, local 65, USW-CIO 

Max Goldstein, business agent, local 65, USW-CIO 
Max Honigbaum, chairman, joint council 13, USW-CIO 
John Noto, business agent, local 62, USW-CIO 
Anthony Rivituso, business agent, local 61, USW-CIO 
Ted Tudisco, business agent, local 54, USW-CIO 
Steve Alexandersom, president, local 60, USW-CIO 
Achille Di Pietro, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO 
Nettie Cordaro, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO 
Joseph Marino, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO 
H. Tucker, executive board member, local 65, USW-CIO 
Ronna Thaler, executive board member, local 65, USW-CIO 
Robert A. Lopez, member executive local board 54, USW-CIO 
Jack Lowenger, member executive board, local 54, USW-CIO 
Arthur Kostove, member joint council 13, USW-CIO 
Jack Danihelsky, shop chairman, local 54, USW-CIO 
M. Buzzanca, floor chairman, local 54, USW-CIO 

B. Guiaurizzo, department chairman, local 54, USW-CIO 
Pearl Ehrlich, legislative director, local 54, USW-CIO 
Murray Gold, business agent, local 54, USW-CIO 

Leo Rabinowitz, business agent, local board, local 54, USW-CIO 

Steve Kravath, president, local 54, USW-CIO 

Ida Pasner, shop chairman, local 54, USW-CIO 

Sol Reinstein, business agent, local 54, USW-CIO 

Max Perlow, international secretary-treasurer, United Furniture Workers^ CIO 

Ernest Marsh, director of organization, UFW-CIO 

J. Anania, president, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Herman Kagan, vice president, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Sol Silverman, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Richard Mazza, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

David Ratushenko, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Joseph Garraffa, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Ernest Capaldo, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

S. Lederman, member, joint council, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Max Parees, member, joint council, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Philip Lanch, member, joint council, local 76-B, UFW-CIO 

Hank Antell, business agent, local 140, UFW-CIO ^ 

Carl A. Wise, executive board member, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Isidore Heimowitz, recording secretary, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Frank Wagner, business agent, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Alex Sirota, manager, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Arnold Birnbach, secretary, civil rights committee, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Emil Winick, shop chairman, local 140, UFW-CIO 

John Czernowski, shop chairman, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Bernard Minter, business agent, local 140, UFW-CIO 

Al Di Martino, shop chairman, local 76, UFW-CIO 

Louise Trivelli, shop chairman, local 76, UFW-CIO 

Helen Bernstein, shop chairman, local 76, UFW-CIO 

William F. O'Gorman, business agent. Marine Cooks and Stewards, CIO 

C. F. Jonanson, port agent, MCS-CIO 

Ben Gold, president. International Fur and Leather Workers Union, CIO 
Hyman Richman, manager, local 105, IFL¥/U-CIO 
Murray Brown, manager, local 110, IFLWU-CIO 
76512—51 11 



154 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEGSTSIVE 

John Demelis, manager, local 70, IFLWU-CIO 

Harry Jaflfee, manager, local 120, IFLWU-CIO 

Herbert Kurzer, manager, local 125, IFLWU-CIO 

Morris Breecher, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Max Bronsnick, assistant manager, local 125, IFLWU-CIO 

Julius Fleiss, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Samuel Freedman, legislative dir(*ctor, IFLWU-CIO 

Izzy Gru, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Max Kochinsky, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Joseph Morgenstern, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Morris Pinchewsky, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Samuel Resnick, business agenit, IFLWU-CIO 

Leon Shlofrock, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Bernard StoUer, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

William Wasserman, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Jack Hindus, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Oscar Ward, welfare director, IFLWU-CIO 

Steve Leondopoulos, business agent, IFLWU-CIO 

Philip Silber, chairman, local 101, IFLWU-CIO 

Abe Potchinskv, chairman, local 110, IFLWU-CIO 

John QuiUian, chairman, local 125, IFLWU-CIO 

James Stephenson, chairman, local 70, IFLWU-CIO 

David Miller, secretary, local 101, IFLWU-CIO 

Max Ruskin, secretary, local 105, IFLWU-CIO 

Dave Shapiro, acting secretary, local 110, IFLWU-CIO 

Sam Burt, manager, joint board, Fur Dressers and Dyers Union, CIO 

Gladstone Smith, secretary -treasurer, joint board, Fur Dressers and Dyers 
Union, CIO 

Leon Straus, executive secretary, joint board, Fur Dressers and Dyers Union, 
CIO 

Morris Angel, organizer, local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Cecil Cohen, organizer, local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Max Salzman, organizer, Local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Tom Lloyd, secretary, local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Ervin Wagner, president, local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Sophie Marcus, executive board, local 61, IFLWU-CIO 

Morris Gumpel, executive board, local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Al Moses, shop chairman, A-1 Fur Cleaners, local 64, IFLWU-CIO 

Jack Ostrower, organizer, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Anthonv Barratta, organizer, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Hannah Bock, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Edward Wharton, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Moe Austin, president, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Leonard I. Webb, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Vincent Castiglione, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Joseph Cacchioli, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Wade McMillion, shop committee, Pacific Fur Dyeing Co., local 80, IFLWU-CIO 

Tom landiorio, organizer, local 85, IFLWU-CIO' 

Armand Norelli, president, local 85, IFLWU-CIO 

Lvndon Henry, organizer, local 88, IFLWU-CIO 

Jack Arra, organizer, local 88, IFLWU-CIO 

Nat Litwack, president, local 88, IFLWU-CIO 

Hy Denerstein, administrator, local 16, United Office and Professional Workers, 
CIO 

Sol Revkin, executive board, local 88, IFLWU-CIO 

Noel Marsh, shop chairman. Central Striping and Blending Co., local 88, IFLWU- 
CIO 

Peter Miriello, shop chairman, Neisel-Peskin Fur Dyeing Co., local 88, IFLWU- 
CIO 

Sol Friedman, business agent, local 150, IFLWU-CIO 

Vincent Provinzano, business agent, local 150, IFLWU-CIO 

Morris Cohen, business agent, local 150, IFLWU-CIO 

Matt Vincent, president, local 150, IFLWU-CIO 

Dave Kaplan, executive board, local 150, IFLWU-CIO 

Sam Weinberg, executive board, local 150, IFLWU-CIO 

Robert Green, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO 



THE COIVIMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 155 

Rose Marks, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO 

Winifred Norman, organizer, local 16, UOPWA-CIO 

Henry Sheridan, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO 

Shirley Traub, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO 

Rissel Bonoff, recording secretary, local 18, UOPWA-CIO 

Richard Eveleth, executive board, local 18, UOPWA-CIO 

Estelle Levine, vice president, local 18, UOPWA-CIO 

Henry Schlanger, executive secretary, local 18, UOPWA-CIO 

James Berger, chapter chairman, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Jav Cohen, chapter chairman, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Helen Mangold, president, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Bernard Segal, executive director, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Dorothy Tate, executive board, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Olive Van Horn, vice-president, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Richard Morton, business representative, local 906, UOPWA-CIO 

Antonio Lopez, vice-president, Hotel and Club Employees, local 6, AFL 

Richard Sirch, business agent, hotel local 6, AFL 

Alvah Dean, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Ray Rodriguez, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Sotir Titcas, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Frank Cooper, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Frances Smith, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Florine Donaldson, delegate, hotel local 6, AFL 

Rhodena Boyd, delegate, hotel local 6, AFL 

William Cafasso, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Joseph Aluffo, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL 

Henry Beckman, president, local 3, Bakers and Confectionery Workers Union-AFL 

John Curylo, business agent, local 3, Bakers-AFL 

Joseph Cappacona, business agent, Bakers-AFL 

Louis Altman, business agent, local 164, Bakers-AFL 

Jules Meyerowitz, business agent, local 579, Bakers-AFL 

Herman Fries, organizer, local, Bakers-AFL 

John Kandl, organizer, local 1, Bakers-AFL 

Frank Dutto, president, local, Bakers-AFL 

Ben Tiedeman, secretary-treasurer, Bakers-AFL 

Frank Weinheimer, bussiness agent, local 430, United Electrical Workers-CIO 

Moe Portnoy, business agent, UE-CIO 

James Patterson, organizer, local 430, UE-CIO 

Belle Bailynson, legislative director, local 430, UE-CIO 

Harry Haber, shop steward, local 430, UE-CIO 

Louise Nyitray, vice shop chairman, local 430, UE-CIO 

Rose Barr, shop chairman, local 430, UE-CIO 

James Garry, business manager, local 1227, UE-CIO 

Joseph F. Kehoe, secretary-treasurer, American Communications Association-CIO 

D. R. Panza, vice-president, ACA-CIO 
Joseph P. Selly, president, ACA-CIO 
Lawrence F. Kelly, vice-president, ACA-CIO 

Alfred Doumar, secretary-treasurer, local 40, ACA-CIO 

Eugene Sayet, secretary, Atlantic branch local 1, ACA-CIO 

William Bender, vice-president, ACA-CIO 

John J. Wieners, chairman, local 40, ACA-CIO 

Louis Siebenberg, vice-president, local 40, ACA-CIO 

I. J. Sobel, treasurer, Atlantic branch, local 1, ACA-CIO 

Frank SuUivan, vice-chairman, Atlantic branch, local 1, ACA-CIO 

F. W. Gruman, secretary-treasurer, local 10, ACA-CIO 

Bert Penman, vice-president, local 11, ACA-CIO 

Frank A. Lenahan, secretary-treasurer, local 11, ACA-CIO 

Ewart Guinier, secretary-treasurer, United Public Workers-CIO 

Manny Sherman, chairman, local 11, UPW-CIO 

Mike Copperman, chapter secretary, local 111, UPW-CIO 

E. P. Luebke, chapter president, local 111, UPW-CIO 
Ann Arnold, legislative chairman, local 111, UPW-CIO 
Charles Rutkoff, chapter president, local 111, UPW-CIO 
Helene Richards, vice president, chapter local 111, UPW-CIO 

Sara Slutsky, executive board member, chapter local 111, UPW-CIO 
Max Hammer, division chairman, local 2899, UPW-CIO 



156 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENISIVE^ 

Janet Wolfe, executive board member, local 2899, UPW-CIO 

Al Rosenberg, second vice president, local 2899, UPW-CIO 

Fanny Langsam, executive board member, local 2899, UPW-CIO 

Bert Loeb, local representative, local 2899, UPW-CIO 

Stanley Rudbarg, shop chairman, local 2899, UPW-CIO 

William Hauptman, treasurer, local 2899, UPW-CIO 

Ehzabeth Haber, financial secretary, local 111, UPW-CIO 

Sidney Katz, chapter executive board member, local 111, UPW-CIO 

Dominick Bartoluzzi, representative New York district, UPW-CIO 

Jack Bigel, president. New York district, UPW-CIO 

Lewis J. Sklar, vice president, chapter, local 111, UPW-CIO 

A. Ginsberg, vice president, chapter, local 111, UPW-CIO 

Samuel Garnett, president, local 111, UPW-CIO 

Louis Passikoff, chairman, section No. 2, local 338, United Retail & Wholesale 

Workers 
Morris Pitt, executive board member, section No. 2, local 338, UR&WW 
Leo Reiter, section chairman, local 338, UR&WW 
Hy Friedman, welfare secretary, section 6, local 338, UR&WW 
Andrew Leredu, president. International Jewelry Workers, local 1, AFL 
David Ehre, vice president, local 1, jewelry-AFL 
David Smith, recording secretary, local 1, jewelry-AFL 
Isidore Kahn, secretary-treasurer, local 1, jewelry-AFL 
Benny Sher, organizer, local 1, jewelry-AFL 
Leon Sverdlove, organizer, local 1, jewelry-AFL 
Frank Milo, organizer, local 1, jewelry-AFL 

Frank Wedl, president, local 848, Brotherhood of Painters & Paperhangers-AFL 
Morris Davis, secretary, local 848, painters-AFL 
Louis Weinstock, delegate, district council 9, painters-AFL 
Ralph French, painters-AFL 
Samuel Winn, painters-AFL 
M. Botwinick, painters-AFL 
William Peace, vice president, local 144, Building Service International Union- 

AFL 
Molly West, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Sidney Pudell, administrator, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Francis Golden, general organizer, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Larry Schnall, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Halois Moorhead, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
James Anderson, executive board member, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Helen Pivalo, executive board member, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Nicky Carale, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Al Lewis, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
John Steuben, secretary-treasurer, local 144, BSIU-AFL 
Arnold Ames, executive secretary. Ladies Garment Center-ALP 
Fanny Golos, vice president, Ladies Garment Center-ALP 
Morris Garfin, treasurer, LGC-ALP 
Abraham Skolnick, president, LGC-ALP 
Aberlardo Baez, general secretary, local 273, Food, Tobacco, Agricultural Union- 

CIO 
Felix Rivera, executive board member, local 273, FTA-CIO 
Severino Martinez, assistant regional director, FTA-CIO 
Hyman Levine, recording secretary. Sheet Metal Workers Sick & Benevolent 

Association, Inc., local union No. 28, AFL 
Alcott L. Tyler, business manager, local 121, United Chemical Workers-CIO 
Daniel Allen, trade union director, ALP 

(This advertisement initiated and paid for by voluntary contributions from 
among the above signators as individuals. Title and affiliation listed for identi- 
fication only.) 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSIVE 157 

APPENDIX XIV 

Call to a National Labor Conference for Peace, Chicago, III., October 
1 AND 2, 1949, Carmen's Hall, Ashland Auditorium 

ARRANGEMENTS COMMITTEE 

Honorary chairman: Bernard V. McGroarty, Stereotypers, AFL 

Chairman: Samuel Curry, Packinghouse No. 347 

Executive secretary: James H. Wishart, I. F. L. W. U.-CIO 

Treasurer: Ossie Long, Dining Car and Railroad Food Workers, Independent 

Publicity chairman: Rod Holmgren, I. U. M. M. & S. W.-CIO 

Mass-meeting chairman: James Pinta, I. U. M. M. & S. W.-CIO 

Coordinator: Joseph D. Persily 

Illinois organizer: John T. Bernard, U. E.-CIO 

Illinois organizer: Sven Anderson, U. A. W.-CIO 

Office manager: June R. Shaw, U. O. P. W. A.-CIO 

Octavia Hawkins, UAW-CIO No. 453 Bill Jackson, I. U. M. IM. & S. W.-CIO 
Pat Amato, UE-CIO No. 1150 Gene Barile, Shoe Workers 

Willard Best, FE-CIO Givn F. Brooks, Railroad, AFL 

Jacob Blake, Jr., USA-CIO Tom Slater, Carpenters No. 1, AFL 

Max Friend, ILGWU-AFL 
Veronica Kryzan, FTA-CIO 

SPONSORS 

California 

John Allard, president, local 230, UAW-CIO 

James T. Allen, financial secretary, local 634, Carpenters, AFL 

William Axelrod, executive secretary, Newsvenders 

diet Baker, patrolman, Marine Cooks, Stewards, CIO 

Thomas Bankhead, chairman, legislative committee, local 634, Carpenters, AFL 

James Daugherty, president, State CIO Council 

Fred Friedman, political committee, local 116, Painters, AFL 

Howard Garvin, editorial board of the Union Painter, local 116, AFL 

Charles Gladstone, ILGW, AFL 

Frank Green, business agent, local 115, Watchmakers, AFL 

Fred Hancock, local 116, Painters, AFL 

Frank Hearn, business agent, local 26, ILWU-CIO 

Dennis Hooper, port agent, Alarine Cooks, Stewards, CIO 

John Leboun, division 664, Locomotive Engineers, San Luis Obispo 

Lester J. McCormick, business representative, local 634, Carpenters Union, AFL 

Charles F. MclVIurray, representative, Dining Car & Railroad Food Workers, 

Independent. 
Henry Richardson, trustee, Painters, AFL 
Henry Sazer, local 22, Capmakers, AFL 
Lloyd Seeliger, business agent, local 26, ILWU-CIO 
Lou Sherman, president, local 26, ILWU-CIO 
Sophie Silver, joint board, ILGWU-AFL 
Sam Sperling, local 1976, Carpenters, AFL 
Del Tucker, president, local 1421, UE-CIO 
Sam Willens, ILGWU, AFL 
Sol Zeleznick, president, local 1348, Painters, AFL 

Connecticut 

Charles Didsbury, president, local 620, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Frank Giaralli, president, local 237, UE-CIO 

Edward Gilden, legislative director, local 503, ITU 

Rudolph Gillespie, local 146, Hod Carriers, AFL 

Saul Kreas, business agent, local 186, Printers, AFL 

Thomas Koury, vice president, local 423, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Philip Laracca, financial secretary, local 146, Hod Carriers, AFL 

John Ropuano, president, local 445, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Saul Weissman, president, local 364, Cleaners & Dyers, CIO 



158 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Illinois 

Pat Amato, president, local 1150, UE-CIO 

Abraham Arnstein, executive board, local 14, Cigarmakers, AFL 

Solon C. Bell, president, Dining Car & Railroad Food Workers, Independent. 

Willard Best, recording secretary, local 108. FE-CIO 

Nick Blattner, business agent, local 18-B, Furniture, CIO 

Glyn F. Brooks, president, local 666, Railway Carmen 

Geo. Carlson, local 637, Painters, AFL 

Samuel Currv, president, local 347, Packinghouse, CIO 

Geraldine Dvorak, president, local 24, UOPWA-CIO 

HiUiard Ellis, organizer, local 453, UAW-CIO 

Carl Erickson, president, local 637, Painters, AFL 

Max Friend, executive board, local 212, ILGWU-AFL 

Milton Gilmore, president, local 23, Packinghouse, CIO 

B. V. Gleason, lodge 474, BRT 

Carl Gustrom, treasurer, local 637, Painters, AFL 

Chris Gyker, legislative director, local 164, FE-CIO 

Matt Halas, president, local 108, FE-CIO 

Bill Jackson, vice president, local 758, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Clifford Johnson, business representative, local 49, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Helge Johnson, vice president, local 637, Painters, AFL 

Terry Kandal, district committeeman, local 719, UAW-CIO 

Michael Karpa, president, local 1119, UE-CIO 

William King, executive board, local 4, Printers, AFL 

Irving Krane, business manager, local 1150, UE-CIO 

Veronica Kryzan, secretarv-treasurer, local 194, FTA-CIO 

Bernard Lucas, president, "local 208, ILWU-CIO 

Frank Mierkiewicz, business representative, local 43, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Bernard McDonough, business manager, local 1119, UE-CIO 

Arthur Peterson, recording secretary, local 101, FE-CIO 

Bernard Rappaport, shop chairman, local 5, ILGWU-AFL 

Edward Romanowski, sergeant at arms, local 347, Packinghouse, CIO 

WiUiam Samuels, president, lodge 225, BRT 

Jack Sauther, president, local 25, Packinghouse, CIO 

Sam Schaps, president, local 45, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Goldie Shapiro, chairman, education committee, local 2, Public Workers, CIO 

Tom Slater, secretary-treasurer, local 1, Carpenters, AFL 

Ben Sloan, executive board, local 14, Cigarmakers, AFL 

Pasco Soso, president, local 1114, UE-CIO 

Max Strulovich, steward, local 28, Packinghouse, CIO 

Arthur C. Thomas, lodge 342, Railway Clerks, AFL 

Alvin L. Vessey, local 101, FE-CIO 

John M. Volz, president, local 169, FE-CIO 

Harold Ward, financial secretary, local 108, FE-CIO 

John Wesolowski, business representative, local 415, Fur and Leather, CIO 

Charles Wilson, steward, local 719, UAW-CIO 

Indiana 

Jacob Blake, Jr., trustee, local 1014, USA-CIO 

Harold M. Boyer, steward, local 9, UAW-CIO 

Joe Gyurko, grievance committee, local 1010, USA-CIO 

Chris L. Mails, shop steward, local 1014, USA-CIO 

Julius Rems, steward, local 9, UAW-CIO 

Ed, Wygant, steward, local 9, UAW-CIO 

Iowa 

J. S. Lindsey, financial secretary, local 704, I AM 

Mervin L. Myers, business agent, local 110, FTA-CIO 

Arthur Petrusch, president, local 116, FE-CIO 

David A. Reed, president, local 155, FE-CIO 

Wm. R. Smith, local 116, FE-CIO 

Mary Testraet, president, local 271, FE-CIO 

Mark Thompson, local 118, ITU 

Louisiana 

Walter Rogers, local 406, Operating Engineers, AFL 



THE C'OMIVIUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 159 

Maryland 

Irv Dvorin, port agent, Marine Cooks and Stewards, CIO 
Sam Fox, chief shop steward, local 75, Furniture Workers, CIO 
James Mosley, secretary, local 219, Fur and Leather, CIO 
Joseph Oliver, president, local 219, Fur and Leather, CIO 

Massachxisetts 

Robenia Anthony, local 484, Teachers Union, AFL 

George Bradow, manager, local 30, Fur and Leather, CIO 

Alexander Cocoburn, president, local 201, Retired Employees, UE-CIO 

Alphonse Croce, board of directors, Shoe Lasters 

Paul R. Emerson, local 218, Carpenters, AFL 

Bartley Harriett, business agent, local 11, Packinghouse, CIO 

Helen S. Johnson, treasurer, local 3, UOPWA-CIO 

Carol T. Levy, president, local 3, UOPWA-CIO 

Harold Lewengrus, shop steward, local 181, Amalgamated Clothing Workers, 

CIO 
Robert McCarthy, business agent, local 136-B, Furniture Workers, CIO 
Geo. Roe, recording secretary, local 239, UE-CIO 
Salvatore Vaudo, executive board, local 11, Packinghouse, CIO 

Michigan 

Paul Boatin, bargaining committee, local 600, UAW-CIO 

Phillip Carroll, tool-room steward, local 157, UAW-CIO 

Ed. Chabot, legislative committee, local 931, UE-CIO 

James Cichocki, president, local 742, UAW-CIO 

Tom Coleman, president, local 285, Public Workers, CIO 

Thomas Crowe, bargaining committee, local 2340, USA-CIO 

Tracv Doll, Detroit 

Virgil Lacey, local 600, UAW-CIO 

Percy Llewellvn, local 600, UAW-CI01 

Ed Lock, president, plastic unit, local 600, UAW-CIO 

Andrew Poach, vice president, CIO Council, Oakland County. 

Warren F. Powers, secretary-treasurer, local 26, UOPWA-CIO 

John Reynolds, president, local 208, UAW-CIO 

Samuel Sage, Detroit 

Edith Van Horn, chief steward, local 3, UAW-CIO 

Leo West, chairman legislative committee, local 931, UE-CIO 

Fred Williams, business agent, local 208, UAW-CIO 

John H. Young, president, local 922, UAW-CIO 

Minnesota 

George Dizard, business agent, Federal local 18650, AFL 

Leo Giovannini, local 1140, UE-CIO 

John L. Johnson, local 2714, USA-CIO 

Pat McGraw, secretary, local 1096, USA-CIO 

Joe Paszak, secretary, local 1210, USA-CIO 

Cornelius Smith, local 7, Carpenters, AFL 

Walter J. Szlachtowski, local 1140, UE-CIO 

Missouri 

Loyal Hammack, secretary, general grievance committee, lodge 696, BRT 

Walter Held, president, local 820, UE-CIO 

Geo. Kimmel, president, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Wm. Massingale, president, Building Service Employees 

James L. Moore, local 41, lAM 

E. M. Simmons, local 1108, AFL 

Nebraska 

Florence Coppock, steward, local 60, Packinghouse, CIO 

Joe Dozier, local 113, Packinghouse, CIO 

Wm. O. Hester, local 47, Packinghouse, CIO 

Geo. Patrinor, financial secretary-treasurer, local 62, Packinghouse, CIO 

Wm. Stone, Hod Carriers, AFL 

New Hampshire 

Harold Macey, chapel chairman, local 25, ITU 

John S. Yarmo, steward, local 136B, Furniture, CIO 



160 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

New Jersey 

Mike Berko, chief steward, local 365, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Wm. Betzel, president, local 437, UE-CIO 

Santo Bevacqua, president, local 140, Fur Workers, CIO 

Clarence Bingaman, president, local 810, UE-CIO 

Ethel Carpenter, local 429, UE-CIO 

Robert Brennan, president, local 401, UE-CIO 

Munzio Calise, president, local 130, Fur Workers, CIO. 

Anthony J. Cascone, picket captain, singer local 403, UE-CIO 

John Dillon, vice president, local 448, UE-CIO 

Joseph Evans, financial secretary, local 422, UE-CIO 

Wm. Ewaskiw, shop chairman, local 407, UE-CIO 

Bernard Porer, corresponding secretary, local 437, Federation of Teachers, AFL 

Andrew Garner, president, local 286, Packinghouse, CIO 

Dominick San Giovanni, president, local 20, Chemical Workers, CIO 

Helen Gottlieb, president, local 11, UOPWA-CIO 

Agnolia Holland, vice president, local 424, UE-CIO 

Phillip H. Israel, financial secretary, local 1782, Carpenters, AFL 

Anthony Lisano, president, local 409, UE-CIO 

Mike Longi, chief steward, local 702, Mine-Mill, CIO 

John McCarthy, president, local 429, UE-CIO 

Arnold McGee, president, local 231, Packinghouse, CIO 

George Palmer, recording secretarv, local 446, UE-CIO 

Richard J. Ryan, Jr., ITU, AFL 

Bert Salwen, chief steward, local 7, UOPWA-CIO 

John Shein, chief steward, local 837, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Morris Slater, secretary-treasurer, local 451, UE-CIO 

Guida Trombetta, president, local 7, UOPWA-CIO 

Ed. Scocco, president, local 141, UE-CIO 

Walter Speicher, recording secretary, local 407, UE-CIO 

Edward Taylor, president, local 506, district 50, UMWA 

James Williams, local 27, Leather Workers, CIO 

New Mexico 

Arturo Flores, recording secretary, local 890, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Jose M. Hernandez, shop steward, local 890, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Henry Jaiamillo, trustee, local 890, Mine-MiU, CIO 

Clinton E. Jencks, executive secretary, local 890, Mine-Mill, CIO 

D. C. Law, local chairman, lodge 221, BRT-AFL 

New York 

Louis Altman, business agent, local 164, Bakers Union, AFL 

Morris Angel, organizer, local 64, Fur Workers, CIO 

Norma Aronson, president, local 16, UOPWA-CIO 

Henry Beckman, president, local 3, Bakers Union, AFL 

Daniel Benjamin, vice president. Dining Car & Railroad Food Workers, IND 

Lewis Allen Berne, president, local 231, Architects Union, CIO 

Russell Bonoff, recording secretary, local 18, UOPWA-CIO 

Joe Cappodonna, business agent, local 3, Bakers Union, AFL 

Vincent Castiglione, president, local 80, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Jack Curylo, business agent, local 3, Bakers Union, AFL 

Leon Davis, president, local 1199, Drug Clerks Union, CIO 

Frank Duto, president, local 1, Bakers Union, AFL 

Morris Gainer, president, local 905, Painters, AFL 

Louis Greenstein, president, local 164, Bakers Union, AFL 

Lyndon Henry, organizer, local 88, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Mike Hudyma, manager, local 85, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Andrew Leredu, president, local 1, Jewelry Workers, AFL 

David Livingstone, vice president, local 65, Wholesale & Warehouse 

Helen S. Mangold, president, local 19, UOPWA-CIO 

Ruby Marcus, business agent, local 107, Paper Bags & Novelty, AFL 

W^illiam Michaelson, president, local 2, Department Store, CIO 

Richard Morton, business representative, local 906, UOPWA-CIO 

Annan Norelli, president, local 85, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Jack Ostrower, organizer, local 80, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Frank Princysati, president, local 88, Fur & Leather, CIO 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 16t 

Charles Rivers, executive secretary, district 3, UE-CIO 

Tonv Scimica, local 54, Shoe Workers, CIO 

Philip Sterling, executive board, local 50, UOPWA-CIO 

Ben Tiedeman, secretary-treasurer, local 1, Bakers Union, AFL 

Alcott Tyler, business manager, local 121, Chemical Workers, IND 

Leo Velardi, president, local 121, Chemical Workers, IND 

Matt Vincent, president, local 150, Mechanics Union 

Ervin Wagner, president, local 64, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Maurice Wechsler, local 701, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Frank Wedl, president, local 848, Painters, AFL 

North Dakota 

J. M. Glaser, member of AFL union 

Ohio 

Ray E. Bailes, secretarv-treasurer, lodge 108, Order of Railroad Conductors 

Robert E. Lee Baltimore, steward, local 1157, USA-CIO 

Charles Beckman, president, local 45, UAW-CIO 

Charles Butler, local 1331, USA-CIO 

Clinton Carlton, president, MuUins Works, local USA-CIO 

Joseph Carr, pit committeeman, local 4285, UMWA 

Myles H. Cartwright, local 63, ITU-AFL 

Wm. W. Chapman, shop chairman, local 12, UAW-CIO 

Oscar Dennis, president, local 735, Mine Mill, CIO 

John W. Fields, secretarv, local 7765, UMWA 

Stanlev Fonfa, local 1418, USA-CIO 

H. C. Glover, lodge 2100, Railwav Clerks 

Elmer Grandstaff, local 1331, USA-CIO 

R. D. Grathwol, corresponding secretary, local 473, Painters, AFL 

Josephine Hansen, president, local 209, ILWU-CIO 

Rav Horrigan, member of Railroad Industrial Union 

Aileen Kelley, president, local 87, UOPWA-CIO 

Herman Carl Kopper, committeeman, local 185, USA-CIO 

Wm. Long, lodge 26, Railway Carmen 

Geo. E. Lyons, local 5, Rubber Workers, CIO 

Florence Romig, chief shop steward, local 707, UE-CIO 

Joseph Ross, secretarv, local 641, Blacksmiths Union, AFL 

Frank Sicha, local 284, UMWA 

Flora Wall, steward, local 323, Clothing Workers, CIO 

Pennsylvania 

Chas. C. Auburn, president, local 155, UE-CIO 

Miriam E. Cliff, local 638, FTA-CIO 

Willis Collins, local 1256, USA-CIO 

Thos. F. Delaney, secretary. District Council 1, UE-CIO 

Frank Di Vincinzo, business agent, local 30, Fur & Leather, CIO 

Ed. Drill, secretary, local 587, Painters, AFL 

Vincent Fitzgerald, recording secretary, lodge 462, Locomotive Firemen and 

Enginemen 
Tom Fitzpatrick, chief steward, local 601, UE-CIO 
Ike Freedman, business manager, local 53, Fur & Leather, CIO 
Marc Gzylburd, recording secretary, local 155, UE-CIO 
John Gillespie, chief grievance committeeman, local 2295, USA-CIO 
E. Incolingo, business agent, local 30, Fur & Leather, CIO 
Robert Kirkwood, business agent, local 610, UE-CIO 
David Lachenbruch, chairman, local 16, Newspaper Guild 
Jack Law, president, local 416, Paper & Novelty Workers, CIO 
Nick Lazeri, business agent, local 237, Restaurant Workers, AFL 
Stanley L. Loney,- president, District 6, UE-CIO 
Joseph McLaughlin, business agent, Shoe Workers, CIO 
Maurice Mersky, president, local 30, Fur & Leather, CIO 
George Nichols, labor manager, local 237, Hotel, Restaurant Workers, AFL 
John Pacosky, president, local 1514, UMWA 

James Pasquay, Secretarv-treasurer, local 30, Fur and Leather, CIO. 
Warren Perry, shop steward, local 2599, USA-CIO 
Jos. A. Picucci, committeeman, local 2598, USA-CIO 
Joseph A. Ruccio, business representative and secretary, local 46, Roofers, AFL 



162 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSIVE 

Stephany Ruccio, shop secretary, local 119, Clothing Workers, CIO 

Anthony Salopek. local 1256, USA-CIO 

Mitchell W. Schaffer, steward, local 2600, USA-CIO 

Joseph L. Schatz, president, local 2, UOPWA-CIO 

Jacob Smith, shop steward, local 773, Teamsters, AFIj 

Sara E. Smith, vice president, local 128, UE-CIO 

Albert Sonka, shop steward, local 2599, USA-CIO 

South Dakota 

E. E. Sudan, local 123, Barbers Union, AFL 



Henderson Davis, chief shop steward, local 19, FTA-CIO 
John Mack Dyson, president, local 19, FTA-CIO 
Ed McCrea, business agent, local 19, FTA-CIO 

Virginia 

Isaac J. Baker, vice president, local 26, FTA-CIO 
David Clark, president, local 978, ILWU-CIO 
Lawrence McGurty, organizer, local 26, FTA-CIO 
Robbie W. Riddick, president, local 26, FTA-CIO 

Wisconsin 

Robert Berberich, treasurer, lodge 191, BRT 

Emil Churchich, head steward, local 75, UAW-CIO 

Clarence Dickerson, vice president, local 802, Public Workers, CIO 

George M. Hayden, Bargaining Committee, local 1109, UE-CIO 

Clarence E. Hughes, local 19, Rubber Workers, CIO 

William Lockett, executive board, Federal local 18499, AFL 

Arvo Mattson, president, local 237, Hod Carriers, AFL 

Robert C. Miller, Sentinel Lodge 1916, Machinists. 

Emil Muelver. president, local 1113, UE-CIO 

Oliver Rasmussen, president, local 15, Woodworkers, CIO 

George L. Sommers, Brewery Workers, CIO 

Fred WoUman, president, local 47, Fur and Leather, CIO 

Washington 

Myrna Anderson, president, local 35, UOPWA-CIO 

O. L. Dearinger, business agent, local 9, ILWU-CIO 

A. A. Fisher, secretary, State CIO Council 

A. Joe Harris, port agent. Marine, Cook and Stewards, CIO 

Harold Johnson, Machinist Lodge 79, lAM-AFL 

Prudencio Mori, secretary, local 7, FTA-CIO 

Elmer Olsen, business agent, local 25, Mine-Mill, CIO 

Jerry Tyler, secretary, Seattle CIO Council 

(Organizations listed for purposes of identification only.) 

BASIS FOR REPRESENTATION 

Five for each local union ; one additional for each thousand members. Delegates 
from shops, buildings and departments shall also be elected. Registration fee 
(to cover expenses of conference): Delegate, $2; observer, $2. 

FACTS ON CONFERENCE 

Registration of delegates: Friday, September 30, 8 to 12 p. m., and Saturday, 
October 1, 9 to 11 a. m., at Carmen's Hall, Ashland and Van Buren, where all 
sessions will take place. 

Sessions: Saturday, 11 a. m. to 6:30 p. m.; Sunday, 10 a, m. to 4 p. m. 

Mass meeting and program Saturday night at 8 p. m. 

A copy of the draft agenda and featured speakers at the conference will be 
mailed on request and to all delegates and observers who register by mail. 

FOR RESERVATIONS 

Write to arrangements committee bureau on housing. Please specify approxi- 
mate rate you wish to pay and number of nights for accommodations. 

Address all communications and requests for additional copies of Call to: 
National Labor Conference for Peace, Secretary, Arrangements Committee. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE, 163 

(Advance registration blanlc) 

Secretary, Arrangements Committee, 
National Labor Conference for Peace, 

Suite 905, 179 West Washington Street, Chicago S, III. 
Dear Sir and Brother: I shall attend the Labor Conference for Peace 
(Chicago, 111., October 1 and 2), as a — 

Delegate. 

Observer. 

(Check one.) 

Name 

Address City State 

Local No International Union 

(Your organization should forward the names of all its delegates to us not later 
than September 24, 1949). 

(Additional delegates, names, and addresses should be written on another sheet.) 



APPENDIX XV 

[From the Daily Worker, New York, Monday, December 19, 1949, p. 5] 
Conference for Peace Called by Ohio Unionists 

An Ohio Labor Conference for Peace, sponsored by a large number of AFL, 
CIO, and independent union officials, will be held at the Hotel AUerton in Cleve- 
land January 28 and 29, it is announced. 

The conference will seek to "unite the laboring men and women in Ohio to 
battle for peace and security, for a return to the policies of FDR," the conference 
call declared. "It will give expression to their determination to prevent a suicidal 
atomic war of annihilation. It will mark a major step toward the assumption by 
labor of its rightful place in the leadership of the fight on which our entire future 
depends." 

The Ohio parley follows a National Labor Conference for Peace held in Chicago 
October 1 and 2. 

The Cleveland Labor Committee for Peace, with headquarters at 5713 Euclid 
Avenue, is in charge of arrangements for the conference. Its officers are Bernard 
V. IVIcGroarty, AFL Stereotypers, honorary chairman; Joseph A. Ross, FLB Black- 
smiths, chairman; Robert E. Lee, Baltimore, CIO Steelworkers, secretary; and 
Leroy Feagler, CIO Longshoremen and Warehousemen, treasurer. 

The conference will start Saturday morning, January 28. Sessions will con- 
tinue Saturday afternoon and Sunday. 

sponsors list 

A partial list of sponsors includes: 

Sylvester Banks, USA local steward; Charles W. Barkley, USA Local 1157 
steward; Netta Berman, CIO United Office Workers Local 242 president; D. A. 
Bowers, United Miners Local 6223 safety committeeman; 

Also, John Bozeman, United Electrical Local 707 acting membership director; 
Local 4285 committeeman; William Chapman, CIO United Auto Workers Local 
12 shop chairman; Carl Chauncey, UE Local 735 shop chairman; Hugh Chesney, 
NMW Local 51 safety committeeman; Wallace Combs, UE Local 754 vice presi- 
dent; Leola Cooke, CIO Clothing Wx)rkers steward; 

Also, Hugh Crocard, AFL Potters Local 24 committeeman; Roscoe James 
Dawson, AFL Hodcarriers Local 265 business agent; Thomas Degnan, UE 
Local 735 treasurer; Oscar Dennis, CIO Mine-Mill Local 735 president; Joseph 
Dougher, USA Local 1104 executive board; Fred D. Eaves, CIO United Retail 
Workers Local 2 district representative; Sam Easley, URWA Local 2; 

Also Jake Epstein, UE Local 721 political action director; Leo Fenster, CIO 
UWA Local 45 executive board; R. FeoHch, USA Local 1200 steward; John 
Fields, UMW Local 7765 recording secretary; Mike Firestone, UE Local 732; 
Frument, UWA-CIO Local 45 committeeman; Roy Roy [sic] Gant, MMSW Local 
785 vice president; 

Also, Irving Gilbert, UAW-CIO Local 1045 trustee; Morris Goldstein, 
IFLWU-CIO Local 86 secretary; Hyman Gordon, AFL Carpenters Local 1715; 
Betty Grandstaff, International Machinists Local 224; E. R. Grandstaff, USA 



164 THE COOVEVrUNIIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSIVE 

Local 1331; Robert Grant, USA Local 1104; R. J. Grathwol, AFL Painters 
Local 473 recording secretary; 

Also, Morris Greenbaum, IFLWU-CIO Local 86 vice president; Elvi Hakola, 
UE Local 707 chief steward; Josephine Hansen, IFLWU-CIO Local 209 financial 
secretary; Virginia Hippie, UE Local 754 recording secretary; Rose Joca, UE 
Local 707 chief steward; Joseph Keller, IFLWU-CIO Local 86 business manager; 
Eileen Kelly, UOPWA Local 87 president; William Kozman, UE Local 758 
financial secretary-treasurer; 

Also, William Livingstone, Maymex McCurdy, UOPWA Local 87 chair- 
man; Lee Workers Local 47 business agent; John Mugnana, IFLWU-CIO 
Local 86 president; Louise Napolitano, UE Local 707 chief steward; John Norris, 
MMSW Local 785 president; John G. Parker, UE Local 766 president; Frank 
Peoples, USA Local 1104 steward; John Perry, UAW-CIO Local 542 trustee; 
T. Raley, UE Local 766 representative; 

Also, Olga Raridon, IFLWU-CIO Local 86 treasurer; Steve Rees, UE Local 
735 shop chairman; national Ladies Garment Workers Local 29 vice president; 
Joseph Sheetz, UE Local 758 president, steward. 



APPENDIX XVI 

[From Poland Today, January 1951, vol. 6, No. 1, p. 18.] 

World Peace Council 

members elected at second world peace congress 

Albania: Konomi Manol, President of the Institute of Science. 

Algeria: Abderhama Bouhama, architect. 

Argentina: Margharita de Ponce, teacher; Emilio Garcia Ituraspe, lawyer; Dr. 
Luiz Peluffo, physician. 

Australia: Mrs. Jessie Street, member of the Australian Peace Council; Jim 
Healy, secretary-general of the Dockers Union; John Hughes, secretary of the 
Lawyers Association. 

Austria: Ernst Fischer, writer; Prof. Joseph Dobretsberger, university teacher; 
Prof. Heinrich Brandweiner, university teacher. 

Belgium: Prof. Max Cosyns, physicist. 

Brazil: Mario Fabio, scientist; Branca Fiahlo, teacher; Jorge Amado, writer; 
Palamode Borsari, engineer. 

Bulgaria: Ludmil Stoianov, academician; M. Popov, teacher. 

Canada: Rev. J. C. Endicott, professor of theology; Arthur Wray, member of 
parliament from Alberta. 

Ceylon: Pieter Keuneman, president of the Federation of Unions. 

Chile: Pablo Neruda, writer; Guilhermo de Fedregal, former government 
minister. 

China: Kuo Mo-jo, president of the Academia Sinica; Madam Sun Yat-sen, 
president of the Association of Aid to the Chinese People; Ma Yin-chu, university 
president; Liu Ning-i, vice-president of the Chinese Trade Unions; Emil Siao, 
poet; Li Teh-chuan, vice-president of the Federation of Democratic Women; 
Chang Po-chun, secretary general of the Chinese Democratic League; Tsai Ting- 
gai, former army general; Liao Cheng-chih, president of the Federation of Demo- 
cratic Youth; Wu Lanfu member of the Chinese Peace Committee; Y. T. Wu, 
member the Union of Chinese Christian Youth. 

Colombia: Baldomero Sanin Cano, writer; Graziela Mendoza, journalist. 

Costa Rica: Joaquin Garcia Monge, university teacher. 

Cuba: Juan Marinello', writer and former government minister; Domingo Vil- 
lamil, lawyer and professor of theology; Prof. Elias Entralgo, university teacher. 

Czechoslovakia: Anezka Hodinova-Spurna, Vice-president of the National As- 
sembly of Czechoslovakia; Jan Mukarovski, President of Prague university; Rev. 
Alexiei Horak; V. Boucek, worker at "Skoda" Works. 

Denmark: Martin Anderson Nexo, writer; M. Fog, teacher and former govern- 
ment minister. 

Ecuador: Angel Modesto Paredes, lawyer and former government minister. 

Egypt: Mohamed Kamel El Bindari, former envoy; Fathi Radwan, president 
of the Supreme Council of the Nationalist Party; Ahmed Saad El Deur Kamel, 
lawyer. 



THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 165 

Finland: Vaino Melti, governor of Helsinki province; Hagar Olsson, writer; 
Felix Iverson, teacher. 

France: Frederic Joliot-Curie, scientist; Irene Joliot-Curie, scientist; Eugenie 
Cotton, teacher and president of the World Federation of Democratic Women; 
Pablo Picasso, painter; Louis Aragon, writer; Vercors, writer; Louis Saillant, trade 
union leader; Pierre Cot, lawyer and former cabinet minister; Emmanuel d'Astier 
de la Vigerie, form.er cabinet minister; Abbe Jean Soulier; Alain le Leap, secretary- 
general of the General Confederation of Labor; Francoise Leclerc, secretary of 
the Union of French Women; Laurent Casanova, former cabinet minister; Jean 
Lafitte, writer; Guy de Boysson, lawyer and chairman of the World Federation 
of Democratic Youth; Gilbert de Chambrun, deputy; Dr. Weill Hallee, physician; 
Armand Mitterand, lawyer; Robert Chambeiron, deputy; Fernand Vigne, secre- 
tary-general of the Fighters for Peace and Liberty; Dr. Justin Godard, physician 
and former cabinet minister; Yves Farge, former cabinet minister; Rev. Bosc; 
Madame Cassin, teacher; Dr. J. P. May; Marcel Alleman, miner; Paul Raudit, 
Catholic leader. 

Germany: Johannes Becher, writer; Prof. Hans Kertal, member of German 
Academy of Science; Erwin Eckert, Landtag deputy and chairman of the Peace 
Committee in Western Germany; Walter Diehl, student of theology and chairman 
of Young Peace Defenders Committee in Western Germany; Heinrich Fink 
secretary of Longshoremen's Union in Hamburg; Edith Hoereth-Menge, teacher 
and member of Munich City Council; Anna Seghers, writer; Arnold Zweig, writer; 
Helen Weigel-Brecht, actress; Dr. Herz de Peipsig, professor of theology. 

Great Britain: Prof. J. G. Crowther, scientist; Prof. J. D. Bcrnal, scientist; 
Mrs. S. O. Davies; D. N. Pritt, lawyer; J. Piatt-Mills, lawyer; Steve Lawther, 
miner; Dr. C. R. Woodward, physician; Rev. Alexander Reid, chairman of Scottish 
Peace Committee; Anne George, civil servant; Mrs. J. Sandy, engineer; Dr. Nora 
Johns, physician; Mrs. Mary Robertson, secretary of Scottish Peace Committee; 
Malcolm Nixon, student; Ivor Montagu, journalist; Rev. Hewlett Johnson, Dean 
of Canterbury. 

Greece: Prof. Kokkalis, former government minister. 

Hungary: Mrs. Ezsebet Andics, university teacher; Rt. Rev. Janos Pjeter, 
Bishopof the Reformist Church; Gyergy Lucacs, writer. 
. India: Dr. Mohanlal Atal, physician; D. D. Kosambi, teacher, 

Indonesia: Dr. Tjoa Sik Yen, former Indonesian representative at UN. 

Iran: Rahar, poet and university teacher; Eskanderi, lawyer. 

Iraq: Mohamed Mehdi Al Jewhari, poet. 

Israel: Yaari Meir, deputy; Toofik Toobi, deputy; Bar Yehuda, deputy. 

Italy: Pietro Nenni, senator; Emilio Sereni, senator; Rev. Andrea Gaggero; 
Prof. Ambroggio Donini, former Italian Ambassador to Warsaw; Umberto 
Terracini, senator; Arturo Labriola, senator; Giovanni Conti, senator; Willi 
Ferrero, conductor; Lodovico Targetti, deputy; Ada Alessandrini, teacher; 
Francesco Cerabona, deputy and former government minister; Elena Caporaso, 
lawyer; Giuseppe Dozza, Mayor of Bologna; Giulio Einaudi, publisher; Giorgio 
Fenoaltea, lawyer; Achille Lordi, lawyer; Prof. Marcello Morellini, university 
teacher; Mario Palermo, senator; Salvatore Quasimodo, writer; Leonida Repaci, 
writer; Francesco Scotti, deputy; Fernando Santi, deputy and secretary of the 
General Confederation of Labor; Antonio Varvado, lawyer; Tullio Vecchietti, 
Sociahst leader; Conte Paolo Sella di Monteluco, industrialist. 

Japan: Okuo Oyama, member of the Chamber of Councillors. 

Korea: Han Ser Ya, writer, chairman of the Journalists Union; Li Gi Yen, 
writer; Madame Pak Den Ai, chairman of the Union of Korean Democratic 
Women. 

Lebanon: Dr. George Hanna, physician; Radvan Shagal, artist; Antoine 
Tabet, architect. 

Madagascar: Madame Rascanorazelle, deputy. 

Mexico: Gen. Lazaro Cardenas, former President of the Republic; Vicente 
Lombardo Toledano, President of the Confederation of Labor of Latin America; 
Ismael Cosio Villogas, scientist; Gen. Heriberto Jara, former Minister of the Navy. 

Mongolia: Tsendin Damdisyryn, writer. 

Netherlands: Mr. Horsmeier. 

New Zealand: Dean G. W. Chandler. 

Norway: Kirsten Hansteen, editor; Herman Tennessen, director of Research 
Institute of Oslo University; Ellen Gleditch, teacher. 

Pakistan: Faiz Ahmed Faiz, secretary of Pakistan Peace Committee. 



166 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 

Poland: Prof. Jan Dembowski, university teacher; Prof. Leopold Inf eld, 
university teacher; Ostap Dluski, journalist; Wiktor Klosiewicz, chairman of the 
Central Council of Trade Unions; Leon Kruczkowski, writer; Jerzy Putrament, 
writer. 

Portugal: Manuel Valladares, scientist. 

Rumania: Mihail Sadoveanu, writer; Prof. Florica Mezincescu, Vice Minister 
of Education; Sorin Jama, newspaper editor. 

South Africa: Desmond Buckle; Rev. D. C. Thompson. 

Spain: Jose Giral, former Government minister of the Spanish Republic; 
Manuel Sanchez Argas, architect; Jose Bergamin, writer. 

Sweden: Arthur Lundquist, writer; Rev. Sven Hector; Peer Olaf Zemmestroem, 
writer. 

Switzerland: Prof. Bonnard. 

Syria: Ibrahim Hamzaoui, lawyer; Said Tahsin, painter; Mustapha Amin, 
lawyer. 

Trieste: Franca Angelo, journalist. 

Tunisia: Dr. Ben Suleiman, physician; Mohamed Dierad, journalist. 

U. S. S. R. : Alexander Fadeyev, writer; Nicolai Tikhonov, writer; Alexander 
Korneichuk, playwright; Wanda Wasilewska, writer; Ilya Ehrenburg, writer; 
Zinaida Gagarina, Vice President of the Anti-Fascist Women's Committee; 
Alexander Oparin, academician; Alexander Nesmeyanov, President of Moscow 
University; Leonid Solovyev, secretary of the All-Union Central Council of 
Trade Unions; P. V. Gulyaev, journalist; V. Kochemassov, secretary of Anti- 
Fascist Youth Committee; Metropolitan Nicolai. 

United States: Prof. W. E. B. DuBois, sociologist; Paul Robeson, singer; 
Howard Fast, writer; Bishop Arthur Moulton; Joseph Fletcher, professor at 
School of Theology at Harvard University; Charles Howard, lawyer; Rev. Dr. 
Willard Uphaus, Director of the Religion and Labor Foundation; Theresa Robin- 
son; Mr. Larsen, trade unionist; Fred Stover, President of Farmers Union of the 
State of Iowa; Ernest de Maio, trade unionist; Dr. Clementina Paolone, phy- 
sician; Rev. John Darr; Rev. Robert Muir. 

Uruguay: Jose Luiz Massera, scientist. 

Venezuela: Gen. Jose Maria Gabaldon, 

Vietnam: Tran Tan; Nguyon Phuc-Bunhoi, scientist; Phan Huy-thong, teacher. 

Yugoslavia: Gen. Pero Popivoda. 



> 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 05445 2493