nA-9 0\?)'b^,vV'^\a \
THE COMMUNIST 'PEACE
A Campaign To Disarm and Defeat the
APRIL 1, 1951
Prepared and released by the
Committee on Un-American Activities, U. S. House of Representatives
Washington, D. C
Committee on Un-American Activities, United States House of
eighty-second congress, first session
John S. Wood, Georgia, Chairman
Francis E. Walter, Pennsylvania
Morgan M. Moulder, Missouri
Clyde Doyle, California
James B. Frazier, Jr., Tennessee
Harold H. Velde, Illinois
Bernard W. Kearney, New York
Donald L. Jackson, California
Charles E. Potter, Michigan
Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., Counsel
Louis J. Russell, Senior Investigator
John W. Carrington, Clerk of Committee
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Communist "Peace" Offensive
International Communist "Peace" Movement: Paee
Controlling Strategy 1
Cominform Sets the Stage 4
World Congress of Intellectuals 8
Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace, March 25-27,
World Congress of Partisans of Peace (First World Peace Congress)
April 1949 16
Americans Sponsoring Committee for World Peace Congress 17
American Continental Congress for Peace, September 5-10, 1949 21
Red "Peace" Delegations 24
Stockholm Conference, March 16-19, 1950 29
Speakers at Stockholm 29
Americans at Stockholm 31
Signature Campaign 31
Second World Peace Congress, November 1950 36
The Communists' "Peace" Campaign Within the United States 39
Petition Campaign in U. S. A 40
Peace Information Center 42
William Edward Burghardt DuBois 43
Abbott Simon 46
American Comments on Signature Campaign 1 47
Use of Front Organizations 51
American Peace Crusade 51
Maryland Committee for Peace 54
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact 54
Mid-Century Conference for Peace 58
Exploitation of Religion in the "Peace" Campaign 61
National Labor Conference for Peace 64
Marcel Scherer 69
"Peace" Riot 70
The "Peace" Campaign Directed at Women's Groups 71
The "Peace" Campaign Strategy for Youth and Students 77
Association of Internes and Medical Students 79
Prague Congress 79
Labor Youth League 80
Leon Wofsy 81
Subversion of Scientists Through the "Peace" Movement 82
Linus Carl Pauling 85
Philip D. Morrison 87
Johannes Steel 90
Role of the Moscow Radio in the "Peace" Campaign 95
I. Articles Dealing with the World Peace Congress Appearing in "For
a Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy" 99
II. Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace, held in New
York City, March 25, 26, and 27, 1949, Communist AflSliations of
III. Americans Sponsoring the World Peace Congress held in Paris,
April 1949 110
IV. Members of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress- 112
V. Call to the American Continental Congress for Peace, Mexico City,
September 5-10, 1949 116
IV TABLE OF CONTENTS
Appendixes — Continued Page
VI. American Sponsoring Committee for Representation at the Second
World Peace Congress 118
VII. "World Peace Appeal" adopted by the Permanent International
Committee, World Peace Congress, United States Youth Spon-
soring Committee 119
VIII. Plan of Work of National Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A.,
July 15 to Labor Day, 1950 120
IX. List of Sponsors, by States, of Stockholm Appeal 124
X. American Peace Crusade, various documents, etc 135
XI. List of Sponsors of Maryland Committee for Peace 142
XII. Call to Mid-Century Conference for Peace, May 29, 30, 1950, Ini-
tiating Sponsors 143
XIII. Labor Wants Peace Talks not a Pact for War — a Statement on the
North Atlantic Pact together with signers. __ 152
XIV. Call to a National Labor Conference for Peace, Chicago, 111., October
1 and 2, 1949 — Arrangements Committee and Sponsors 157
XV. Conference for Peace Called by Ohio Unionists 163
XVI. World Peace Council — Members elected at Second World Peace
Figure 1: American delegates, arm in arm with Alexander Fadeev, Soviet
whip of the World Peace Congress. Left to right: Unidentified woman,
Rockwell Kent, Albert Kahn, Mr. Fadeev, and Johannes Steel. (In De-
fense of Peace, April 1950, p. 51) 29
Figure 2: Cartoon urging sit-down strikes against munition shipments for
troops fighting the Communists. In (Defense of Peace, official organ,
World Peace Congress, January 1950, p. 43) 30
Figure 3: World Peace Appeal, petition blank, issued by the Campaign
Committee for the World Peace Appeal 33
Figure 4: This photograph shows the thumbprint signatures of citizens of
French Equatorial Africa who endorsed the World Peace Appeal. These
fingerprint signatures are those of men and women who never had the
chance to learn to write. Thus, they could not be expected to read the
petition ( Dailv Worker, August 24, 1 950, p. 4) 35
Figure 5: The Worker, June 11, 1950, p. 1 Facing 40
Figure 6: Mid-Century Conference for Peace, 30 North Dearborn Street,
Chicago 2, 111., Conference Program 144
President Truman, in a radio address to the Nation on September 1,
The Soviet Union has repeatedly violated its pledges of international coopera-
tion. It has destroyed the independence of its neighbors. It has sought to
disrupt those countries it could not dominate. It has built up tremendous
armed forces far beyond the needs of its own defense.
Communist imperialism preaches peace but practices aggression.
John Foster Dulles, Republican adviser to the State Department,
in testimony before a Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee, July
* * * it is my opinion that the leaders of communism are, before ventur-
ing an open war, trying to create a public opinion of the world to believe that they
are the nations that stand for peace and that we are the Nation that stands for
war, and they have made very good progress in doing that * * *
They know that everybody wants peace, and if they can pose as the lovers of
peace, then, perhaps they can risk war.
Note. — The names of persons mentioned in this report as being connected
with the organizations which are herein discussed were talien from actual docu-
ments of these organizations and the public press.
It has come to the attention of the committee that some of the persons who
are so described in either the text or the appendix withdrew their support and/or
affiliation with these organizations when the Communist character of these
organizations was discovered. There may also be persons whose names were
used as sponsors or affiliates of these organizations without permission or knowl-
edge of the individuals involved.
The committee, having no desire to charge any innocent person with having
Communist affiliations, will therefore publish the names of any individual who
has so withdrawn from these organizations or whose name was used by these
organizations without permission or knowledge in a future report if such person
will communicate with the committee, giving the circumstances in his particular
COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
The most dangerous hoax ever devised b}^ the international Com-
munist consphacy is the current world-wide "peace" offensive.
It has received the official endorsement of the Supreme Soviet of
the U. S. S. R. The Information Bureau of the Communist and
Workers Parties (Cominform), successor to the Communist Interna-
tional, has given this campaign top priority. It has been designated
as the major effort of every Communist Party on the face of the globe,
including the Communist Party of the United States.
Communists and their coconspirators are spearheading this move-
ment in cities and communities throughout the United States — at
meetings, on street corners, in shops, homes, schools and colleges, in
the press and on the radio — in fact, in every walk of life. Unless it is
completely exposed, many may be deceived and ensnared.
The Communist "peace" movement assumes different forms at
various times and places. This is calculated to disguise its Communist
origin and to evade legal prosecution. Thus, we find the movement
appearing as the World Congress of Intellectuals, the International
Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace, the World Peace
Congress or the World Congress of Partisans of Peace, and American
Continental Congress for Peace, all with identical slogans and
propaganda, and espoused by the same group with slight variations.
The same system has characterized the movement within the
United States. Here the "peace" movement has paraded at various
times as the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace,
Campaign Committee for the World Peace Appeal, Committee for
Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact, and its Mid-Century
Conference for Peace, the Peace Information Center, the National
Labor Conference for Peace, and a multitude of other names in various
localities and among various special pi-ofessional, religious, racial,
women's and youth groups.
THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST "PEACE" MOVEMENT
What do the master conspirators in the Kremlin hope to achieve
as a result of the "peace" offensive to which they are applying so much
of their resources and energies on an international scale?
As World War II was drawing to a close, the democratic nations
hoped that the Soviet Union would become part of a law-abiding world,
from which wars would be forever banished. But Joseph Stalin had
other views. His doctrine was that it was "inconceivable" that the
Soviet Union could continue for a long period side by side with non-
Communist states. He was convinced that: "Ultimately one or the
other must conquer."
By and large, the American people are always willing to live and let
live. They have long felt that, if the Russians were willing to tolerate
2 THE COMMUlNnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE,
Communist dictatorship as a form of government, we should adopt a
hands-off poUcy and let the Russian people work out their own destiny.
No such attitude of tolerance toward the United States and its form
of government characterizes the Russian rulers. The history of the
past 5 years has demonstrated that Stalin has firmly adhered to a con-
cept which is explicitly stated in Stalin's 1933 edition of Leninism:
The victory of socialism in one country is not an end in itself; it must be looked
upon as a support, as a means for hastening the proletarian victory in every other
land. For the victory of the revolution in one country (in Russia, for the nonce)
* * * is likewise the beginning and the continuation of the world revolution.
In other words, the Communist juggernaut, not content with having
trampled Russia and numerous satellite countries under its heel^
envisages nothing less than world conquest.
For a time this basic Communist goal was held in abeyance. It was
sidetracked from 1934 to 1939 when Russia feared Hitler's rising power
and endeavored to establish a united front with the democracies against
the Fascist aggressor. It was resumed during the fateful period of the
Stalin-Hitler pact. But once again it was placed in cold storage after
Hitler's attack on Russia on June 22, 1941. With the close of World
War II, however, the Communists returned to their original and funda-
mental position of aggression, as subsequent events have amply
demonstrated. We are in the midst of a Communist drive for world
conquest, of which the present "peace" offensive is an organic and
strategic part. It is necessary for the American people to under-
stand what is behind this global psychological onslaught and guard
Just as France developed illusions about the impregnability of the
Maginot line prior to World War II, only to succumb later to Hitler's
iron legions, so some Americans conceive of our security as based only
upon a spectacular weapon like the atom bomb or the H-bomb. They
fail to realize the destructive and disintegrating effects of psychological
warfare, which may be less spectacular but equally effective.
The Communist leaders are fully aware that propagandists, within
or without the United States, have easy access to the American public.
There is one radio for every two persons in the United States, and the
United States maintains radio freedom both as to broadcasting and
the listener's choice of program. The American press is also free.
Thus, an American may read or listen to whatever he pleases.
The Communists exploit our freedom with their psychological
warfare, which finds expression in the present "peace" offensive. The
current Communist "peace" offensive has certain specific immediate
aims, which, if realized, can prove of inestimable value to the Soviet
In the first place, the Communist military machine has boldly
seized upon the word "peace" in an effort to secure moral sanction for
its own aggressive designs. To achieve this, Communists must at
the same time portray its victims and mtended victims as being ruled
by imperialist warmongers and "war criminals." It is a case of the
pickpocket crying "Stop, thief!"
Communists want to sap American morale and secure converts to
treason. Soviet strategy aims to take full advantage of the fact that
there are many well-meaning Americans who, in their deep detestation
of war, may be misled by Communist declarations of peace and
friendship. In their failure to understand the nature of a Communist
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 3
dictatorship, these persons fail to reaHze that an aggressive war
machine, such as Russia has, looks upon a nation's good will as a
symptom of weakness and as an encouragement toward further
Knowing that democracies such as the United States are responsive
to public opinion, the Communist "peace" drive is also calculated to
develop a feeling of false security among us so that the Red military
machine can strike whenever and wherever it pleases.
The Communists fear our superiority in the field of atomic weapons.
By appealing for the destruction of al] atomic bombs (while maintain-
ing their own in guarded secrecy), the Red leaders hope to reduce our
defenses by depriving our forces of this military weapon.
A major part of the Communist "peace" offensive is directed toward
those working in strategic positions affecting the production and trans-
port of military material. In this connection, special efforts are being
made to reach scientific personnel and labor unions in key industries
in order to bring about espionage as well as strikes and acts of sabotage
which will cripple production.
It is readily realizable that if these eft'orts are successful a disastrous
blow to our national defense will be struck.
A short cut to understanding the methods and aims of the Com-
munist "peace" offensive may be found in a little-known German
work. Propaganda Als Waffe (Propaganda as a Weapon), by Willi
Muenzenberg, former European propaganda expert for the Communist
International. He wrote a description of the Fascist propaganda of
Adolph Hitler, but the description snugly fits Stalin's latest "peace"
offensive. Muenzenberg said of Hitler's propaganda:
According to an ancient recipe, the slogan is repeated over and over again until
it is presumed that the "mock" truth has penetrated into people's consciousness
sufficiently so as to make it appear acceptable as the real truth * * *
Concepts are falsified, their meaning distorted into the opposite. * * *
Thus dictatorship was converted into "purified democracy," and violation of
political rights became "Liberty" * * *_
* * * 4: * * *
The louder the Hitler propaganda machine talks about peace, the more positive
it is in avowing its friendhness, the surer we may be that it is planning and will
carry into effect new surprises. While talking about peace, it plots new attacks
against the peace of Europe * * *_
* * * Thg German General Staff published the following strategic concep-
tion for the defeat of all their enemies: "At the time of Frederick the Great, the
slogan, 'God is with the strongest battahons,' was the only valid one." Today,
in times of psychological warfare, we may add: "And with those who can tell the
most lies." * * *
* * * By lulling the enemy to sleep with pacifist phrases, he tries to induce
him to neglect his preparations for war. This sleep-inducing hocus-pocus with
which he tricks his enemy is well suited to covering up his own war preparations.
It is clear that the present Soviet "peace" offensive is identical in
character and aims with a similar offensive conducted by Adolph
Hitler prior to and during World War II.
COMINFORM SETS THE STAGE
In September 1947, the representatives of nine European Com-
munist and Workers (Communist) Parties, of Yugoslavia, Bulgaria,
Kumania, Hungary, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Italy, and the
Soviet Union, met at an undisclosed location in Poland to establish
the Information Bureau of the Communist Parties, known as the
Cominform. This organization is the modern version of the Com-
munist International, allegedly interred in 1943.
As is customary in sucli international Communist gatherings, the
main report was presented by A. Zhdanov, speaking for the dominant
delegation representing the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
He laid the groundwork for the current "peace" offensive when he
presented the warlike formula that the "international arena" was
divided "into two major camps" — "the imperialist and antidemo-
cratic camp, on the one hand, and the anti-imperialist and democratic
camp, on the other." Zhdanov, as expected, identified "the principal
driving force of the imperialist camp" as the U. S. A. "allied with
* * * Great Britain and France." He said, "The anti-Fascist
forces comprise the second camp. This camp is based on the U. S. S. R.
and the ncAv democracies."
The significance and authority of the Cominform was immediately
acknowledged by William Z. Foster, national chairman of the Com-
munist Party, U. S. A. In his pamphlet. The Meaning of the Nine-
Party Conference, he summarized Cominform decisions as follows for
the members of his party:
The simple reality is that the nine-party Communist conference, and the
Information Bureau which it set up, have as their purpose to put the peoples of
Europe on guard against the attempt of Wall Street imperialism to conquer and
enslave them. * * * n^he nine Communist Parties, in their joint conference,
were also correct in warning their nations and all humanity of the Fascist danger
involved in the offensive of Wall Street imperialism against the peoples of Europe
and the rest of the world. * * * xhe statement of the nine Communist
Parties also does a major service in awakening the peoples of Europe and the
world to the growing danger of a new world war, as a consequence of the ruthless
expansionist drive of American big business.
The sequel to the Cominform conference was an open letter signed
in the autumn of 1947 by 12 Soviet publicists (Alexander Fadeyev,
Constantine Fedin, Boris Gorbatov, Valentin Katayev, Alexander
Korneichuk, Leonid Leonov, Nikolai Pogodin, Mikhail Sholokhov,
Constantine Simonov, Alexander Tvardovsky, Vsevolod Vishnevsky,
and Wanda Wasilewska). It was addressed to "Writers and men of
culture in the United States of America!" Intended as the opening
gun in the "Peace" campaign, it was calculated to corrupt and sow
disaffection among cultural leaders in the United States. Of course,
the letter made no mention of the series of ruthless purges among
intellectuals in the Soviet Union, nor of Soviet acts of aggression.
Pubhshed in No. 7 of Soviet Literature, 1948, it read in part as
The ideas of fascism * * * have of late been constantly finding champions
and proponents among prominent statesmen, diplomats, military men, industrial-
ists, journalists, and even scientists in your country. * * *
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 5
Men of letters, men of art and culture are people whose lips are not to be sealed
so easily by police truncheons, by gags, or banknotes. The peoples of the world
want to hear their voices from the pages of newspapers, magazines, and books,
from the boards of theaters, from canvases and screens. * * *
* * * we call upon you, masters of American culture, to raise your voice
against the new threat of fascism, against the instigators of war * * * _
This appeal evoked a ready response from Soviet sympathizers in
the United States, whose statement of reply was published in Masses
and Mainstream for May 1948, a monthly Communist magazine,
and also in the above-mentioned issue of Soviet Literature. In this
statement, American capitalists were charged with seeking to "plant
the dragon's teeth of our bayonets in every land."
The statement bore the signatures of the following members of the
Communist Party, U. S. A.: James S. Allen, Herbert Aptheker, Alvah
Bessie, Richard O. Boyer, Howard Fast, Ben Field, Barbara Giles,
V. J. Jerome, Meridel LeSuein-, A. B. Magil, Joseph North, Isidor
Schneider, Howard Selsam, Samuel Sillen, and Doxey Wilkerson.
After this preliminary spadework, a World Congress of Intellectuals
was held under Communist direction in Communist-controlled Poland
on August 25 to 28, 1948, which annoimced the establishment of the
International Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace. This
congress is described in more detail in a subsequent section of this
For a Lasting Peace, For a People's Democracy, for September 15,
1948, official organ of the Information Bureau of the Communist and
Workers Parties, greeted the World Congress of Intellectuals as afford-
ing "proof of the great progress made by the intelle'ctuals after World
War II." The conference was hailed as demonstrating "the strivings
of the intellectuals to unite in the'struggle for peace." The Cominform
approved of the fact that the conference called upon "all professional
workers in all lands to organize congresses and set up committees for
defense of peace." The Cominform organ then emphasized that
"The Congress decisions confront the Comminiist Parties and espe-
cially the^Communist intellectuals with the important and honorable
task of being in the forefront — in bringing together and organizing
the intellectuals of their countries for the defense of peace and culture."
Wliile the second Cominform congress held in Rumania in June
1948 was primarily concerned with the defection of Marshal Tito of
Yugoslavia, the third Cominform congress held at the end of November
1949, at an undisclosed location in Hungary, concentrated on the
problem of consolidating and expanding the "peace movement."
Again the lead was given by the Communist Party of the Soviet
Union through an official spokesman, M. Suslov. In considerable
detail, he outlined the progress of the movement, indicating how
closely Moscow follows its development:
The strength and power of the peace movement lies further in the fact that it
has assumed an organized character. The champions of peace increasingly
consolidate and organize themselves on a local, national, and international scale.
Of great significance in unfolding the movement of the fighters for peace was
the Wroclaw Congress of Cultural Workers in Defense of Peace, the World
Congress of the Democratic Women's Federation held in Budapest (autumn 1948),
and particularly the World Peace Congress, held in Paris and Prague on April
20-25, which represented 600,000,000 organized fighters for peace.
The movement for the defense of peace constantly extends and consolidates.
The Second World Trade Union Congress, held in Milan early in July, approved
6 THE COMMUlSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE,
the manifesto issued by the Paris Congress and drew up a concrete program of
action for the 72,000,000 trade-unionists organized in the World Federation of
National peace congresses were held in a number of countries. The wave of
strikes, popular demonstrations and meetings of protest against the ratification
of the North Atlantic agreement swept the whole of Western Europe.
In many countries, national committees in defense of peace were formed, and
the organization of peace coinmittees in towns, factories, and offices began.
The movement of the fighters for peace also gains ground in the United States
of America and Great Britain.
It must be realized that while ostensibly the Cominform consisted of
nine Communist and Workers Parties of Europe, it served in fact as a
convenient vehicle whereby the Communist Party of the Soviet
Union could lay down the line for all Communist Parties throughout
the world and carry with it a semblance of approval from affiliated
parties. It must also be remembered that the pattern of control
over the Cominform remains the same as that which applied to its
predecessor, the Communist International. The latter was described
by Walter G. Krivitsky, former Chief of Soviet Military Intelligence,
in testimony before the Special Committee on Un-American Activities
on October 11, 1939, as follows:
The Communist International is not an organization of autonomous parties.
The Communist Parties are nothing more than the branch offices of the Russian
Communist Party. The Communist International that operates in Moscow is
nothing more than an administrative body which transmits the decrees reached
by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of
Thus, Soviet Delegate Suslov spoke with supreme authority when
he specified the duties of the various Communist Parties in connection
with the "peace" campaign. He declared at the 1949 Cominform
Particular attention should be devoted to drawing into the peace movement
trade-unions, women's, youth, cooperative, sport, cultural, education, religious,
and other organizations, and also scientists, writers, journalists, cultural workers,
parliamentary, and other political and public leaders. * * *
Suslov outlined specific tactics to be employed. He demanded that
the Communist and Workers Parties direct peace campaigns within
*WZ mass public associations." In other words, non-Communist
organizations were to be subverted to serve Communist ends. Suslov
told the Communists to spread the Soviet peace propaganda by way
of "mass demonstrations, meetings, rallies, drawing up of petitions and
protests, questionnau-es, formation of peace committees in towns and
in the countryside." He said, "It is necessary to proceed from the
concrete conditions in each country, skillfully combining various
forms and methods of the movement with the general tasks." We
shall describe how assiduously these directives were followed in the
United States in a later section of this report.
Suslov claimed that the Soviet-inspired "peace" movement by
November 1949 had won over "hundreds of millions" of people. He
referred to these persons as "partisans of peace."
It should be noted that the term "partisans of peace" was first
injected into the Communist peace movement in April 1949 when a
Soviet-guided world peace congress was held in Paris under the formal
title "World Congress of Partisans of Peace."
This is not an accidental term but one of ominous significance. It
should be recalled in this connection that during World War II the
THE COMMtTNTIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 7
Communists controlled large groups of partisans in Yugoslavia, Greece,
France, Italy, and elsewhere who carried on an active campaign of
sabotage behind the enemy lines under instructions similar to the
Make every effort to have the tanks, airplanes, and armoured cars produced
by you soon go out of commission! See to it that the mines and shells do not
explode! Disorganize railroads! Dislocate the transportation systems. * * *
Disorganize traffic, blow up bridges. * * * Sabotage the production of guns,
tanks, ammunition; call strikes! Blow up * * * ammunition dumps and
storehouses! Disorganize their military shipments! (Manifesto to all Slavs issued
by the Second All-Slavonic Congress held in Moscow, April 4-5, 1942.)
The "peace" meetings held in Rome on October 28-31, 1949, and
in Stocldiolm, March 16-19, 1950, were under the auspices of the
Permanent Committee of the World Congress of Partisans of Peace.
In other words, the Communists have made it plain that their "peace"
campaign is not just a propaganda mechanism. They mean business
in terms of sabotage, violence, and civil war.
We have culled from the pages of For a Lasting Peace, For a
People's Democracy, official Cominform organ, a list of the articles
describing the progress of the peace movement throughout the world.
They are listed in appendix I to this report. It should be noted
that this publication is required reading for every member of the
Communist Party, U. S. A., and that these articles were published
as a guide for their activities. The articles indicate the world-wide
scope of the movement and show how each constituent national
organization is called upon to report its activities to the headquarters
of the Cominform. It should also be noted that the United States
was mcluded among this number.
WORLD CONGRESS OF INTELLECTUALS
With the Comiiiform as a pace setter, a World Congress of Intel-
lectuals was held at Wroclaw (Breslan), Poland, August 25 to 28,
1948. One of the delegates to the Wroclaw meeting was Bryn J.
Hovde, head of the New School for Social Research. He described
his experiences at the congress as follows, giving an illuminating pic-
ture of its tenor and purposes:
Every speech insulting the United States and glorifying the Soviets was wildly
applauded. * * * After the first speech by the Soviet novelist, Fadiejew, a
speech which for vituperation was never excelled and which set the tone for the
Congress. * * * j wound up with a strong statement of democracy as the
only basis for peace. No speaker at the Congress got a colder reception. * * *
Speaking was like throwing flat stones on an icy lake.
Referring again to the speech of Fadayev, Air. Hovde declared:
If this speech had been made by a responsible member of government, it would
be the kind used to justify a premeditated military attack.
Dr. Julian Huxley, director general of UNESCO, who attended the
Wroclaw meeting, summed up his impression of the proceedings as
The Congress from the outset took a political turn; there was no real discussion
and the great majority of speeches were either strictly Marxist analyses of current
trends, or else polemical attack on American or western policy and culture.
The aforementioned Alexander Fadayev is the general secretary
of the Union of Soviet Writers. He owes his elevation to this post
in 1946 to his role of official axman for the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of the Soviet Union, w^hich on August 14 of that
year attacked all representatives of culture from humor to science
wiio could be suspected of any friendliness toward the West.
His fury against American writers, who ply their craft freel}^ and
independent!}^ beyond the confines of the Soviet dictatorship, fur-
nishes a strange contrast with his servility toward the Communist
"German Fascists needed beasts * * *," Fadayev stated at the
American monopolists find beasts indispensable for the realization of their plans
for world domination. Reactionary writers, scientists, philosophers, and artists
are ready to serve their masters. They place on a pedestal schizophrenics and
drug addicts, sadists and pimps, provocateurs and monsters, spies and gangsters.
These beast-like creatures fill the pages of novels, volumes of poetry, casts of
He compared them to "jackals" who "learned to use the typewriter"
and "hyenas" who "mastered the fountain pen."
Referring to the United States, whose air of freedom he was recently
permitted to enjoy, Fadayev declared:
The imperialists of that country, whose facade by the irony of fate is adorned
by the Statue of Liberty, have taken upon themselves in great haste the role of
conspirators and organizers of a new war.
THE COMMUNTIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 9
Fadayev chose to ignore Soviet-Communist imperialist aggression
in Poland, Rumania, Hungary, Albania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria,
Lithuania, Latvia, Esthonia, Korea, and China, the ruthless violation
of treaties and the vanguard activities of its fifth column in other
countries, including the United States. Despite the fact that the
United States has appropriated for itself not one foot of foreign soil
as a result of World War II, Mr. Fadayev continued:
After the Second World War, the entire world was divided into two camps:
the democratic, antifascist, anti-imperialist cami^ led by the Soviet Union, and
the antidemocratic, reactionary, imperialist camp led by the ruling circles of the
United States of America.
This man who was responsible for the purging of countless Soviet
writers, now either in prison camps or in their graves, went on to de-
scribe a "cold terror" confronted by the "American intelligentsia,"
declaring that "a writer who writes anything dissenting from the
official policy of the Government of the United States is also threat-
ened with 10 years in prison." He denounced "this rude violence"
as a "mad effort to impose fascism on America by legal means."
Soviet delegates who played a prominent part in tlie congress were
Ilya Ehrenburg, Samod Vurgun, David Zaslavsky, O. Pisarzhevsky,
L. Leonov, Eugene Tarle, Mirzo Tursun-Zadeh, Mikhail Sholokhov,
Mr. Kharlamov, and others.
Among the Americans who attended the meeting at Wroclaw were:
Howard Fast, writer; Harlow Shapley, astronomer; Saul Carson,
writer; Norman Corwin, writer; Jo Davidson, sculptor; Clifford Durr,
attorney; William Gropper, artist; Albert E. Kahn, coauthor of The
Great Conspii-acy — the Secret War Against Soviet Russia; Freda
Kirchwey, magazine publisher; O. John Rogge, attorney; Donald
Ogden Stewart, writer; Colston E. Warne, consultant for the Presi-
dent's Economic Advisory Council; Ella Winter; George Abbe, writer;
Yaroslaw Chyz, journalist; Catherine Corwin, actress; Leta Crom-
well, professor; Florence Davidson, painter; G. wS. Delatour, professor;
Virginia Durr, active in the Wallace movement and the Southern
Conference for Human Welfare, a Communist front; Jacques Ferrand;
Edita Morris, writer; J. V. Morris, ^vriter; E. T. Prothro, psychologist;
Colin D. Kopp, clergyman; Nathan D. Sachs, businessman and
Wallace supporter; James Sheldon; J. H. Smith, a social worker; Juri
Suhl, \vriter for Commimist publications; and Dr. and Mrs. Jack
The Moscow New Times thought so well of the remarks made by
delegate Albert E. Kahn at Wroclaw that it commented as follows:
Albert E. Kahn, member of the American Progressive Party and a well-known
publicist, agreed with those delegates- who compared modern American policy
to the policy of Hitlerite Germany, which had unleashed the Second W'orld War.
The Hitlerites started off in the same way as America's ruling circles are now
In a vivid speech, replete with factual material, Albert E. Kahn stressed that
power in America had been seized by a small but extremely powerful group of
financiers and industrialists.
The Truman doctrine and Marshall plan, he said, were not the brain child of
the American people, but the monstrosity of Washington and Wall Street.
Broadcasting from Moscow on April 4, 1949, Doctor of Philosophy
Chernov explained in detail the Soviet Government's attitude toward
literature, science, and art in all its full significance. Inveighing
10 THE COMMiraiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
against "cosmopolitan" teachings, he declared that the Communist
Party of the Soviet Union has —
revealed the antipatriotic bourgeois cosmopolitan meaning of the subservience to
the capitalist West, has shown that admiration for all things foreign leads to
national treason, to the betrayal of the interests of the Soviet people and the
This bitter hatred for all western culture and the attempt to divorce
writers, scientists, and artists from their own native land and win their
allegience for the Soviet Union is an underlying aim and theme of
the Communists' scientific and cultural conferences for world peace.
The World Congress of Intellectuals elected a permanent Inter-
national Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace with head-
quarters in Paris; this committee has also been referred to as the
International Committee of Intellectuals for Peace and the Inter-
national Liaison Committee of Intellectuals for Peace. Paris served
simultaneously as the headquarters of the following international
Communist fronts: World Federation of Trade Unions, World
Federation of Democratic Women, World Federation of Democratic
Youth, and the International Association of Democratic Lawyers.
The program for the futm^e, as adopted at the World Congress in
Wroclaw, called for the establishment of national branches and the
holding of national meetings along the same Communist lines as the
World Congress. In obvious conformance with this program was
the holding of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace
in New York City in March 1949; this is described in the following
section of this report.
THE SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL CONFERENCE FOR WORLD
PEACE ARRANGED BY NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE ARTS,
SCIENCES, AND PROFESSIONS AND HELD IN NEW YORK
CITY ON MARCH 25, 26, AND 27, 1949
The Communist "peace" movement is organized very much on the
order of a thi-ee-ring circus on a world scale, its talent traveling from
country to country. The object of this strategy is to give the move-
ment prestige and impetus in each country, through the introduction
of foreign Communists prominent in cultural circles.
A "peace" congress, which was staged in New York, paraded under
the imposing title of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World
Peace. The gathering, held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel on March
25, 26, and 27, 1949, was actually a supermobilization of the inveterate
supporters of the Communist Party and its auxiliary organizations.
The Communist-front connections of the sponsors are very exten-
sive. One person was affiliated with at least 85 Communist-front
organizations. Three persons were affiliated with from 71 to 80
Communist-front organizations; 4 affiliated with from 51 to 60
Communist-front organizations; 8 affiliated with from 41 to 50; 10
affiliated with from 31 to 40; 27 affiliated with from 21 to 30; and 245
were affiliated with from 5 to 10 Communist-front organizations.
At least 20 of these sponsors are either avowed members of the Com-
munist Party of the United States of America, or their membership
cards or party affiliations have been made part of a sworn public
record. In election campaigns, at least 49 have given their open
support to Communist Party candidates. A complete list of sponsors
and the number of theh Communist-front affiliations wiU be found in
appendix II to this report.
The purpose of the Scientific and Cultural Conference can be briefly
summarized as follows:
1. To provide a propagandist forum against the Marshall
plan, the North Atlantic defense pact, and American foreign
policy in general.
2. To promote support for the foreign policy of the Soviet
3. To mobilize American intellectuals in the field of arts,
science, and letters behind this program even to the point of
civil disobedience against the American Government.
4. To prepare the way for a subsequent world peace congress
in Paris on April 20 to 24, 1949, with similar aims on a world scale
and under similar Communist auspices.
5. To discredit American culture and to extol the virtues of
The meeting was sponsored by a Communist-front organization
known as the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions.
The National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions is a
THE COMMUXIST "PEACE" OFFEKSIVE
descendant of the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts^
Sciences, and Professions.
In August 1945, June Hoffman, representing the cultural section of
the Communist Party at its New York State convention, declared
We built the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and
Professions, and it is a great political weapon.
At that same Communist convention, Lionel Berman, husband of
Louise Berman, (formerly Louise Bransten) a known contact of Soviet
espionage agents, was praised by the cidtural commission of the
Communist Party for his role in setting up the ICCASP — Independent
Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions.
On August 2, 1948, Louis F. Budenz, former managing editor of the
Daily Worker, testified before the Senate subcommittee of the Com-
mittee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments as follows:
The Independent [Citizens] Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions
was worked out originally in my office in the Daily Worker. It was worked out
by the cultural commission of the Daily Worker, of which Lionel Berman, the
cultural section organizer of the party, was a member, and he was entrusted
not only by that meeting but by the political committee, as the result of these
discussions with the task of forming the Independent Citizens Committee of the
Arts, Sciences, and Professions.
The following sponsors of the New York "peace" conference were
affiliated with the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts,.
Sciences, and Professions:
Samuel L. M. Barlow
Ernst P. Boas
.Theodor Brameld '
Rufus F. Clement
John P. Peters
Donald Ogden Stewart
Henry Pratt Fairchild
E. Y. Harburg
Robert W. Kenny
I. M. Kolthoff
John Howard Lawson
Certain outstanding features of the Waldorf-Astoria peace confer-
ence of March 25, 26, and 27 are worthy of note in revealing its
nature and aims. First and foremost was its Communist character.
From the outset, the State Department referred to the gathering as
"a sounding board for Communist propaganda." The State Depart-
ment pointed out that "none of the cultural leaders of eastern Europe"
who attended "were free to express any view other than that dictated
by the political authorities in Moscow," and expressed no doubt "as
to the manner in which the Communists will attempt to use and
manipulate" the conference.
It is significant that one of the unpublicized participants was none
other than Alexander Trachtenberg, head of the International Pub-
lishers, Communist publishing house. He is the "Fadayev" of the
Communist Party of the United States; in other words, its cultural
commissar. He was the reporter on Communist literature at the
THE COMMUNIST PEACE" OFFENSIVE 13
Communist Party conventions of 1936 and 1937, brain-trustor of such
cultural fronts as the Workers Cultural Federation, the Jefferson
School of Social Science, the Book Union, the Workers School, and
the League of American Writers, and at one time was in charge of the
mass distribution of Stalin's statement on the wSoviet Constitution.
Accompanying him at this peace conference in New York were John
Gates, member of the national board of the Communist Party,
United States of America, who has since been convicted of consphacy
to advocate overthrow of the Government by force and violence, and
Claudia Jones, member of the national committee of the Communist
Party, United States of America, who was ordered deported after an
Immigi-ation hearing in December 1950.
Referring to this conference, Henry Kassyanowicz, broadcasting
from Warsaw on March 30, 1949, declared:
Notably it testified to the fact that the Communists are the vanguard of the
world peace movement.
In keeping with the general tone of the conference, a resolution
was adopted defending the Communist leaders then on trial for
teaching and advocating the overthrow of our Government by force
and violence. The conference condemned the court proceedings as
''heresy trials of political philosophies and attempts to limit and
destroy the right of association." Present on the dais at the Waldorf-
Astoria Hotel were three professors dismissed from the University of
Washington after theh Communist Party membership had been
A member of the Communist Party struck the main chord of the
conference in his outright advocacy of civil disobedience. Chosen for
this role was Richard Boyer, who spoke openly as a member of the
Communist Party. Just as the party speaks in the name of Jefferson,
Paine, and Lmcoln to disguise its character as a Soviet fifth column,
Boyer enunciated his Kremlui-inspired message in the name of such
outstandmg American literary figures as Ralph Waldo Emerson and
Henry D. Thoreau.
Those who have thoughtlessly lent their names to the so-called
Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace should weigh
carefullj^ the motive behind his appeal that "it is the duty of Ameri-
cans to defy an American Government intent on imperialist war."
In a similar vein, Ladislav Stoll, dean of the Academy of Political
and Social Science in Communist-dominated Prague, Czechoslovakia,
bluntly declared at the conference that "it is simply not possible not to
take sides in the struggle between the old, dying world of capitalism
and the new socialist world," adding that "we must unite for the
destruction of the old order and the bringmg on of the new."
A debasmg spectacle was presented by Shostakovich, a talented
young composer, ousted from his chah at the Moscow Conservatory
of Music, at the behest of men m the Soviet Politburo, because he
failed to produce music to "which w^orkers can beat time and hum as
they try to accelerate production." Shostakovich humbly avowed
at the Scientific and Cultural Conference that "I laiow the [Com-
munist] Party is right." He bowed abjectly and publicly before the
"well-laiown decision of the Central Committee of the Communist
Party concernmg music."
By their presence at the conference, their sponsorship, and/or their
failure to express their disapproval, the following musical figures in
14 THE COMMimiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
the United States gave their tacit confirmation of this fantastic
doctrine: Zlatko Balokovic, Leonard Bernstein, Marc Bhtzstein,
Aaron Copland, Olin Downes, Morton Gould, Ray Lev, Alan Lomax,
Aubrey Pankey, Wallingford Riegger, Paul Robeson, and Artur
Throughout the sessions the main theme was pro-Soviet and anti-
American. Clifford Odets, author of a number of pro-Communist
propaganda plays, assailed what he called:
one of the greatest frauds ever perpetrated against the American people; the
fraud that the Soviet Union is making a war against the United States.
He had only to tune in his radio to Moscow on any day of the week to
hear a sample of the type of vilification and slander directed against
the United States by the Soviet Government in its ideological war
against this country for purposes that are obviously hostile and warlike.
. WhUe Sergei A. Gerasimov, president of the Soviet Academy of
Art, and chief purger of Soviet films, declaimed on the lofty ideals of
the Soviet ''conception of life." of its "happy creativeness," of its
"manifestation of good will toward the friendship of nations," Clifford
Odets, son of a wealthy Philadelphia mattress manufacturer, who has
accepted munificent royalties from Hollywood and Broadway,
I cannot blame the Soviet Union because an apocalyptic beast is running loose in
our world today and its name is Money, Money, Money. As an American,
in the tradition of all American artists of the past, the moral values of my world
are in question, not Russia's.
At the same New York session, Paul M. Sweezy, writer on economics
for Communist publications, fumed that —
the real threat to peace comes from the utter and complete inability of the rulers
of the United States to devise a nonwarlike program for dealing with the over-
whelming problems that are pressing in on them from all sides.
Simultaneously, he denounced the Marshall plan as devised to
"block a real revolution in the economic mstitutions of western
Colston E. Warne, who has defended the Communist Party in the
past, claimed that our basic national pattern is fast becoming that of
a war economy. I. F. Stone, left-wing columnist who has defended
the Communist Party and its leaders repeatedly, announced that he
came to the conference because he believed that "the machinery of
American Goverimient is set for war." Previously he had written
that every Soviet effort at peace had been rejected by the United
These gentlemen chose to ignore the stubborn facts of cm-rent history
which have convinced even such an ardent advocate of Soviet-
American friendship as Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, that—
Russia, while professing a desire for peace, has actually shown by its actions
that it intended to control as many nations as possible by imposing on them
Communist ideas and in some cases, Communist economy, as well as the same
type of police state which at present governs Russia itself.
It is by no means accidental that Richard Boyer's appeal for civil
disobedience was directed to an audience which included the following
scientists: Harlow Shapley, of Harvard University; William A. Hig-
ginbotham, of the Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, Long
Island; Philip Morrison, of Cornell University; Victor Weiskopf, of the
THE COMMimiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 15
Massacliusetts Institute of Technology; Oswald Veblen and Albert
Einstein, of Princeton. If the Communists could, by playing upon the
political naivete of physical scientists, incite scientists to "strike"
against their own government, it would be a real achievement for the
Soviet fatherland. Such is a basic purpose of this international
"peace" movement, which is headed by Frederic Joliot-Curie, French
Communist and atomic scientist, who has attacked the United States
for keeping the atomic bomb secret. This aspect of the "peace"
campaign is described in detail in a later section of this report.
The Literary Gazette, appearing in Moscow in the latter part of
March 1949, carried an article by Boris Lavrenev, the playwright,
calling the participants in the Scientific and Cultural Conference in
New York the "real leaders of America." He described the Waldorf-
Astoria Hotel gathering as meeting —
in the living, gloomy jungles of Wall Street where the sinister plans of a new world
war are being nurtured.
He predicted that the conference would —
lay the foundation for the creation of an active and effective front for peace and
struggle against the groups of frenzied cannibals who dream of throwing the
•planet into the nightmare inferno of general war and extracting superprofits from
the rivers of blood.
He told his Moscow readers that the "dungeons of the anti-American
committee" are filling up with opponents of the North Atlantic pact.
On April 1, 1949, Ilya Ehrenburg, Soviet publicist and novelist,
hailed the "Congress of the American Intellectuals in Defense of
Peace" as the voice of "truly progressive, noble America." This was
a reference to the Scientific and Cultural Conference.
On April 2, 1949, Soviet commentator Vladimirov announced
At this Congress the voice of progressive intelligentsia made itself heard against
the ruling circles of the United States —
adding that —
The Congress is a serious warning to the provokers and instigators of a new
war— they will not be supported by the masses.
But Comrade Vladimirov made it plain that this movement would
not confine itself merely to speeches and the adoption of resolutions.
The masses —
he declared —
do not confine themselves to the moral support of the promoters of peace; they
wage a daily and active fight against the instigators of war. * * *
The statement by Sharkey, leader of the Australian Communist Party, that the
Australian workers * * * fully support the Soviet Union in case an imperial-
ist war being launched against it, caused approval among the workers of
More specifically he pointed out that —
A wave of strikes broke over the entire country in protest against those who
persecute the upholders of peace * * * against those who help the instigators
of war. At the same time a strike occurred in the opposite part of the world in
the Belgian town of Antwerp, where the dockers ceased work in protest against
the North Atlantic paqt.
WORLD CONGRESS OF PARTISANS OF PEACE (OR WORLD
PEACE CONGRESS) HELD IN PARIS AND PRAGUE, APRIL
Under the new and more militant title of the World Congress of
Partisans of Peace, the Communist "peace" drive staged its next
performance in the Salle Pleyel, the largest concert hall in Paris, on
April 20-24, 1949. However, 384 delegates were barred by the
French Government because of their subversive character, and these
individuals held a rump session simultaneously in the hall of the
Commerce and Industries Exhibition in Communist Prague, Czecho-
slovakia. The two conferences were connected by long-distance
telephone, radio, and plane. Expense was apparently no considera-
tion. Prague delegates were considered full participants of the Paris
This World Congress of Partisans of Peace is more commonly
referred to as the World Peace Congress, and will be referred to as
such hereafter in this report.
With the exaggeration that has always characterized the peace
movement, the congress at first claimed that its 1,784 delegates from
72 countries spoke in the name of 600,000,000 women and men
throughout the world, or "more than one-third of mankind." This
miraculous leap in strength had evidently been accomplished in the
8 months since the first Wroclaw conference. No supportmg data
was given. Yet even these figures were subsequently expanded by
the Communists. The British Peace Committee, an affiliate, an-
nounced in its official pamphlet, Peace to the World, that the Paris-
Prague gatherings represented "organizations numbering 800,000,-
000." The January 1950 issue of In Defense of Peace, official organ
of the World Peace Congress, again revised this figure and announced
"that the delegates at Paris and at Prague represented over 1,000,-
The initial call to this World Peace Congress was sent out under the
names of the International Committee of Intellectuals in Defense of
Peace, and the Women's International Democratic Federation, both
Communist fronts on an international scale. The Committee of
Intellectuals was previously described in this report as the offshoot
of the 1948 World Congress of Intellectuals.
A clue to the composition of the congress is contained in the report
of its Mandates Committee which reported that "50 percent of the
delegates were intellectuals and members of artistic professions."
For some reason, such persons have proven the easiest prey to Mos-
cow's shrewd wire pullers. Included among the announced American
sponsors were the following:
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 17
Americans Sponsoring Committee for World Peace Congress i
Bishop Arthur W. Moulton]
Dr. William E. B. DuBois [Listed as cochairmen
O. John Rogge J
Elmer Benson John Howard Lawson
Richard O. Boyer Prof. John Marsalka
Joseph Brainen Prof. Francis Otto Matthiessen (later
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown deceased)
Angus Cameron Arthur Miller
Rabbi J. X. Cohen Prof. Philip Morrison
Prof. Henry W. Longfellow Dana Clifford Odets
Olin Downes Martin Popper
Muriel Draper Raymond Robins
Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild Maud Russell
Howard Fast Rose Russell
Lion Feuchtwanger Prof. Frederick L. Schuman
Daniel S. Gillmor Artie Shaw
Shirley Graham Dr. Maud Slye
Ada Bell Jackson Louis Untermeyer
Sam Jaffe Dr. Mary Van Kleeck
Albert E. Kahn Max Weber
Rockwell Kent Dr. Gene Weltfish
Dr. John A. Kingsbury Lenore Sophie Stewart (Ella Winter)
The official organ of the Commform, For a Lasting Peace, For a
People's Democracy, "welcomed" the Paris peace congress in its issue
of March 15, 1949. In the course of the sessions, the victory of the
Chuiese Communist armies was announced, bringing the assembled
"peace" delegates to their feet in an outburst of cheering. The dele-
gates were asked if they want the Chinese war to continue. They
answered with a thimdering "Yes!" They were asked if they want
peace now in China. They shouted "No!"
As is customary at these gatherings, the Soviet delegation occupied
the vanguard position. Soviet Literature, No. 8, 1949, in an en-
thusiastic description of the event, said the speeches of the Soviet
delegates "were listened to at the Paris and Prague sittings of the
Congress with deep attention and interest." Threatening those re-
sponsible for the Atlantic defense pact, Alexander Fadayev, general
secretary of the Union of Soviet Writers and Soviet ship of the con-
gress, declared that "We, the peoples of the world, shall punish you
severely." He closed his speech with praises for the "great Stalin."
Mr. Fadayev, a member of the presidium of the congress, made it
plain that the United States was the chief target of his incendiary
tu'ade. He assailed what he called the "feverish armament drive"
in America, without citing armament figures of the Soviet Union.
He delivered a caustic comment on the U. S. State and Justice
Fadayev, however, was unstinting in his praise of the Soviet Union,
which he termed "our great Soviet coimtry." He lauded "the peaceful
efforts of the Soviet Union" and deplored the actions of those who
"have turned down the offers for a peace pact made by Stalm, the
great leader of the Soviet State."
His Russian associate, Ilya Ehrenbin-g, ridicided the "American way
of life," with its "drug stores, gangster films, divine service advertise-
ments, and the Un-American Activities Committee."
1 A more complete list of American sponsors may be found in appendix III.
18 THE COMMXn>nST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Other Soviet headliners who spoke m a similar vein were M. Tursiiii-
Zade, V. Volgm, Metropolitan Nikolai, P. Fedoseyev, A. Maresyev,
Alexander Korneichuk, Wanda Wassilewska, L. Kosmodenyanskaya,
and C. Simonov.
Howard Fast, an American Commimist, railed at the congress
against "the slander of the mercenary press and radio m the United
States against the Soviet Union."
Paul Robeson, a Negro and a Communist, for whom America has
meant fame and fortune as a concert smger, actor, and athlete,
received a tremendous ovation when he declared, "It is certainly
unthinkable for myself and the Negro people to go to war in the interests
of those who have oppressed us for generations" against a country
(referrmg to Russia) "which in one generation has raised our people
to the full dignity of mankind." Robeson's treasonous statements
have been overwhelmingly repudiated by prominent members of his
own race such as Jackie Robinson, Walter White, Lester Granger,
Josh White, and many others.
Leo Krzycki, a Polish emigrant who has enjoyed the blessings of the
United States for years, yet whose subversive record as president of
the American Slav Congress occupies a prominent place in a Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities report on that organization, assailed
"the Truman doctrme and the Marshall plan, and chiefly the North
Atlantic pact," at the peace congress.
Another American delegate, O. John Rogge, expressed some slight
hesitancy about criticizmg his o\vn Government at the Paris Congress,
but nevertheless recommended holduag more and similar "peace"
Chairman of the congress was Frederic Joliot-Curie, an avowed
member of the Communist Party of France, and then head of the
French atomic energy commission. In his address to the congress,
he echoed the Soviet line that the defense efforts of non-Communist
nations are actually attempts to launch a war against the Soviet
Union. "* * * we are to destroy a regime," he said, "which is
guilty of the unforgivable crime of eliminating the exploitation of
man by man." He also hurled the usual Communist charge of
"imperialism" at the United States.
He spoke against the utilization of science for "war purposes" but
he made no mention of the enormous number of German scientists
who had been forcibly required to serve the Soviet Government.
Nor did he refer to the triumphs in the field of atomic weapons of
which the Russians are openly boasting.
Since the congress, Joliot-Curie has been removed as head of the
French " atomic energy commission. His removal has become the
subject of violent protest by the secretariat of the peace congress.
An increasing militancy of the peace movement, evident at the
Paris-Prague congresses, was confirmed by Soviet comments on the
affair. A few days after the meeting, the Moscow Pravda assured
its readers that "Tliis congress was not an assembly of pacifists."
Soviet Literature, No. 8, 1949, declared that "It became clear on the
very first day of the Congress sessions in Paris and Prague that the
Congi-ess would not be turned into a meeting of inactive pacifists."
A Moscow broadcast of November 7, 1949, stated that the Paris
meeting did not represent "a pacifist ideology which usually combines
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 19
the denunciation of war in words with complete inactivity in deed."
The strident theme of the congress according to the same som-ce
was: "We shall not ask for peace of the warmongers but impose
peace on them."
A banner on the wall of the Salle Pleyel, where the Paris section
of the congress met, declared: "Hitler wanted us to fight the U. S. S. R.
We didn't go nor shall we go for Truman."
Some clarification of what is behind these words is to be found in
For a Lasting Peace, For a People's Democracy, official Cominform
organ, for June 1, 1949, which declared, "The peace movement is
gaining momentum among the civil population, and will spread to
the personnel of armies, navies, and air forces of the capitalist
The spirit of defiance which permeated the Paris-Prague meetings
was also expressed in the manifesto of the peace congress, which called
for "Daring, and still more daring in the struggle for peace."
Among those who addressed the Paris meeting was Boleslaw Gebert,
also known as Bronislaw Konstantine Gebert and as William Gebert.
He was an alien charter member of the Communist Party, U. S. A.,
and a former member of its national committee,- who, suddenly and
without State Department sanction, left the United States aboard the
Polish Steamship Batory on August 16, 1947. He appeared at the
Paris peace congress as a representative of the Communist-dominated
World Federation of Trade Unions and condemned the "capitalist
In fact, all international Communist-front organizations joined in
support of the Paris-Prague meetings. Frederic Joliot-Curie appeared
in behalf of the World Federation of Scientific Workers, which he
heads. Mme. Eugenie Cotton and Mme. Hodinova-Spurna repre-
sented the Women's International Democratic Federation. Louis
Saillant, as well as Boleslaw Gebert, spoke in the name of the World
Federation of Trade Unions. Guy de Boysson was the spokesman of
the World Federation of Democratic Youth. Joseph Grohman ap-
peared in behalf of the International Students' Union, while Jiri
Hronek acted in the same capacity for the International Organization
of Democratic Journalists. Also participating was Joseph Nordman
in behalf of the International Association of Democratic Lawyers.
Soviet Literature, No. 8, 1949, claimed that 16 such "international
democratic organizations" participated.
The congress did not tolerate any effort to disseminate the truth
regarding Soviet aggression or the Communist dictatorship. The
congress manifesto urged "the condemnation of newspapers, books,
magazines, films, persons, and organizations" which, according to
Communist standards, "disseminate propaganda for a new war."
Supplementing this decision, the Cominform organ, For a Lasting
Peace, For a People's Democracy, for June 1, 1949, called for "a
daily struggle" against "the press, cinema, radio, and other means of
propaganda used by the bom-geoisie to slander the Soviet Union and
the democratic camp." As a result of such instructions, newspapers,
radio stations, and films, seeking to lift the iron curtain and expose
the real nature of communism, have been subjected to a Red terror
campaign running all the way from scurrilous letters and boycotts
to picket lines and actual violence.
20 THE COMMUXIST 'PEACE" OFFENSIVE
To further this effort, the congress decided to set up a committee to
award "international peace prizes for the best films, works of literature
and art" which conform to its Communist standards.
The congress further decided to publish a journal, In Defense of
Peace, in the English, Spanish, German, Chinese, French, Portuguese,
and Russian languages, enabling the peace organization to reach
every major country on the face of the globe. This journal has since
served as a guide for all the various Communist "peace" congresses
A Permanent Committee of the World Congress for Peace, con-
sisting of representatives from 50 countries, was established as a
result of the Paris-Prague meetings.
It included the following Americans: O. John Rogge, W, E. B.
DuBois, Albert Kahn, Bishop A. W. Moulton, Paul Robeson, Howard
Fast, Donald Henderson, and Gene Weltfish.^
A smaller resident bureau in Paris was established to exercise actual
The congress chose as its emblem the dove of peace, as drawn by
the French Communist artist, Pablo Picasso.
The Cominform voiced its satisfaction with the proceedings of the
peace congress in For a Lasting Peace, For a People's Democracy,
of June 1, 1949:
The events of the past 20 months have completely confirmed the correctness
of the analysis of the postwar international situation given in the resolution of the
Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers Parties in September 1947
* * * The World Peace Congress held in Paris and Prague on April 20-25
was the people's strongest protest against war * * * The Communist and
Workers Parties are in the vanguard of the struggle for peace.
1 Permanent committee members from countries other than the United States are listed in appendix IV
to this report.
AMERICAN CONTINENTAL CONGRESS FOR PEACE,
SEPTEMBER 5 10, 1949
The American Continental Congress for Peace was held in Mexico
City from September 5 to 10, 1949. This was another phase in the
Communist world "peace" campaign, aimed at consolidating anti-
American forces throughout the Western Hemisphere. It was staged
right on our own doorstep as a direct challenge to the United States.
The following Americans were chosen as vice presidents: Dr.
Linus Pauling, an atomic scientist from California and former head of
the American Chemical Society; and Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, who had
just returned from a briefing at a Soviet Peace Congress held in
Moscow, August 25-29. The Committee for United States Partici-
pation in the American Continental Congress for World Peace,
which issued invitations to prospective American sponsors, included
W. E. B. DuBois, O. John Rogge, Uta Hagen, Linus Pauling, John
Clark, Charles Houston, Robert W. Kenny, Paul Robeson, Ben
Shahn, Rev. John B. Thompson, Dr. Gene Weltfish, and Charles
Harlow Shapley, who chaired the Scientific and Cultural Confer-
ence for World Peace in New York, served as a sponsor, together with
an alleged 400 other Americans, most of them identified with the New
According to Joseph Starobin, the] Daily Worker's special corre-
spondent at the congress, the United States delegation included 200
persons and was larger than any other. Starobin said the largest
single group of American delegates, 56, came from the Progressive
Party and the Young Progi-essives of America, and that the following
unions (Communist-dominated) were represented : International Long-
shoremen's and Warehousemen's Union; Marine Cooks and Stewards;
International Fur and Leather Workers; the United Office and
Professional Workers of America; the Food, Tobacco and Agricul-
tural Workers; and the Teachers Union (UPW).
Starobin reported that there were in all 1,200 delegates from 19
American countries. With the customary Communist resort to
inflated figures, the conference claimed that the United States dele-
gates represented organizations with a total membership of more than
Moscow welcomed the gathering in a broadcast in Spanish to Latin
America on July 30. So did the Communist press of the various
Latin American countries. Rober W. Tubby, U. S. State Depart-
ment news officer, declared prior to the congress: "It appears that
it will be another Moscow-directed conference. We fully expect that
the activities will be devoted to providing an apologia for the Moscow
point of view."
Obviously supervising the congress were Roger Garaudy, French
Communist and critic, and Paul Eluard, French poet, who appeared
1 A list of contemplated American participants and sponsors of the American Continental Congress for
Peace, printed in the congress' official "Call," will be found in appendix V to this report.
22 THE COMMUlSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
as representatives of the World Peace Congress Permanent Com-
mittee. This was estabhshed as a result of the Paris-Prague World
Peace Congress in April 1949.
Chief organizer of the American Continental Congress for Peace
was the artist Pablo O'Higgins, in whose studio the artist Alfaro
Siqueiros disguised himself to prepare the first attempt to assassinate
Leon Trotsky. Assisting O'Higgins with congress arrangements was
Dr. Esther Chapas, who was formerly a collaborator of Jacques
Mornard, alias Frarik Jacson, the assassin of Trotsky. Also, taking
an active part were such well-known Latin-American Communists
as Lombardo Toledano, Diego Rivera, Narciso Bassols, Fernando
Bamboa, and Alfaro Siqueiros, of Mexico; Lazaro Pena and Juan
Marinello of Cuba; Salvador Ocampo and Pablo Neruda, exiled from
Chile; and Solano, secretary general of the Panamanian Communist
Active in setting up the machinery of the conference was Maxine
Wood of New York, also known as Maxine Finsterwald, who has
been identified with a string of Communist fronts, such as the Ameri-
can League for Peace and Democracy, Washington branch; the Wash-
ington Committee for Democratic Action; the International Workers
Order; the League of American Writers; the Civil Rights Congress;
New Masses and Mainstream; the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Com-
mittee; the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties; the
American Labor Party; the National Council of the Arts, Sciences,
and Professions; the Congress of American-Soviet Friendship; and the
Ainerican Committee for Protection of Foreign Born.
Among those chosen as honorary presidents of the congress were
the following outstanding Communists : Luis Carlos Prestes of Brazil,
Giuseppi di Vittorio of Italy, Paul Robeson of the United States,
Alexander Fadayev of the Soviet Union, Frederic Joliot-Curie of
France, and Dolores Ibarruri of Spain.
The prevailing theme of the conference, as usual, was anti- American
and pro-Russian. Toledano charged the United States with seeking
to make an "economic colony" of all Latin- American countries. As
quoted by the Moscow Soviet Overseas Service broadcast on Septem-
ber 9, 1949, he insisted that the Soviet Union was the most powerful
force for peace. A delegate from El Salvador declared that "The
United States, obeying Wall Street, wants war to impose capitahst
imperialism on the world while the Soviet Union is willing to wage
merciless war, if necessary, to achieve peace."
Commenting on the American border police, James Endicott,
Canadian delegate, declared, "The difference in ideology between
this vast organized police network and the ideology of Hitler and
Mussolini is hard to understand."
Howard Johnson, American Communist leader, addressed the con-
ference in behalf of the 11 U. S. Communist leaders then on trial,
and since convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the government by
force and violence.
O. John Rogge, a traditional figure at Communist "peace" con-
gresses, took the occasion to utter a few mild criticisms of the Soviet
Union, although inveighing most heavily against his native country,
the United States. Three American delegates — John T. Bernard,
Armando Ramirez, and Howard Johnson, educational director of
the New York State Communist Party — immediately took the floor
THE COMIMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 23
at the congress and denounced Rogge's speech as an "outrageous
slander of the Soviet Union." This was received with an ovation.
Consistent with the Communist pohcy of inveighng rehgious groups
into their "peace" campaign, Domingo Villamil called for the coopera-
tion of Catholics and Communists "in the interests of peace."
The congress decided to establish an artists' section to utilize the
talents of craftsmen in Mexico and four cities in the United States
(Los Angeles, Chicago, New York, and San Francisco) for the pub-
lication of a bimonthly magazine. Active in the promotion of this
project were Lilli Anne Killen and Victor Arnautoff of San Francisco,
Peggy Craft of Chicago, Antonio Fransoni of New York, and Leopoldo
Mendez and Pablo O'Higgins of Mexico City.
A recorded message was received from Paul Robeson, who did not
personally attend. His wife was present at the congress, however,
and made an address. At the close of the congress, greetings were
read from Henry A. Wallace and Charles Chaplin.
An official call to the American Continental Congress for World
Peace included the following partial list of congress sponsors in the
United States: Henry A. Wallace, Thomas Mann, Rev. Arthur W.
Moulton, Dr. Artur Schnabel, Dr. Harlow Shapley, Reid Robinson,
Waldo Frank, Dr. F. O. Matthiessen (now deceased), Willard Motley,
Angus Cameron, Muriel Draper, Katherine Dunham, Olin Downes,
Dr. Edward K. Barsky, Scott Nearing, Clifford Odets, Capt. Hugh
Mulzac, Aubrey Pankey, Dorothy Parker, Ben Zion Goldberg,
Marion Greenwood, Dasliiell Hammett, Joseph P. Selly, Dr. Maude
Slye, Albert Maltz, Agnes Smedley, Anna Sokolow, Moses Soyer,
William Zorach, Prof. Hemy Pratt Fairchild, Donald Henderson,
Rev. Charles A. Hill, Dr. Allan Butler, Rev. Stacy Adams, Rabbi
Michael Alper, Prof. Abraham Cronbach, David Burliuk, Sr., Howard
Fast, Rev. Joseph Fletcher, Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, Prof. Karl F.
Heiser, Stefen Heym, Prof. J. Allen Hickerson, Rev. Kenneth de P.
Hughes, Rockwell Kent, Martha Dodd, Paul J. Kern, Prof. I. M. Kol-
thoff, Corliss Lamont, Allan Lomax, Rev. McKenna, Vito Marcan-
tonio, Rev. Jolm C. Meiners, Rev. William Howard Melish, Dr. Clyde
Miller, Jennings Perry, Prof. Seymour Pitcher, Martin Popper, Anton
Refrieger, Col. Raymond Robins, Shirley Graham, Percy Greene,
Theodore Stanford, Donald Ogden Stewart, Theodore Ward, Prof.
Colston E. Warne, Max Weber, James Waterman Wise, and Rev.
Ruthven S. Chalmers.
The Communist magazine, Masses and Mainstream, for November
1949, in reporting on the congress, announced that the keynote
address of congress president Dr. Enrique Gonzales Martinez had
struck " the great chord that has sounded at the other peace congresses
over the past months — at Wroclaw and New York and Paris and
Prague and Bucharest and Moscow."
The leading papers of Mexico City denounced the congress as a
completely Communist project directed from Moscow, as did the
Inter-American Confederation of Labor at its meeting in Cuba in
RED 'TEACE" DELEGATIONS
In October 1949, the Communists added a new maneuver to their
fraudulent "peace" campaign. They decided to send "peace" delega-
tions to the parliaments of the major non-Communist nations as well
as to the Soviet Union.
It was a simple but clever tactic. For even if democratic parlia-
ments refused to endorse peace proposals manufactured by the
Soviets to mask Soviet aggression, the delegations could wind up
with a royal reception in the Soviet Union. Thus, to wishful thinl^ers
and dupes, the Soviet Union would appear as the only nation genuinely
interested in peace.
This new strategy was devised by the Permanent Committee of
the World Peace Congress at a session in Rome on October 28-31,
1949, and perfected by the secretariat of the World Peace Congress
on February 9, 1950.
vSpecifically, it was decided to send delegations "composed of people
of world renown" to the parliaments of such world powers as the
United States, U. S. S. R., China, Great Britain, France, Belgium,
Holland, and Italy, during the period from February to March 10,
The Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress concocted
the following high-sounding peace proposals to be presented by the
1. To stop the armaments race.
2. To stop the atom bomb menace.
3. To stop the wars of intervention now talking place.
4. To stop repressive action against defenders of peace.
5. To stop the war of nerves.
All that is necessary to carry out these proposals, declared the
World Peace Congress Committee, is that "international negotiations
be started and that the great powers sign a peace pact."
Of course, the committee ignored the long chain of pacts solemnly
signed by the Soviet Union and later broken without scruple. This
record of broken agreements is given in the appendix of this report.
The peace committee also ignored the fact that the Soviet Govern-
ment has the largest standing army in the world ; that it has not dis-
armed since World War II as other countries have done, but, on the
contrary, has concentrated upon increased armaments; that it boasts
of its progress in building atomic weapons; that Communist military
forces have committed aggression in China, Indochina, Greece,
Korea, Tibet, and other parts of the world; that the Soviet Union has
ruthlessly piu'ged those who stand for contacts and peaceful relations
with the non-Communist world; and has taken the initiative in
launching and provoking a world-wide barrage of propaganda against
the United States.
The fact that 12 Europeans had been selected for a "peace" delega-
tion which would attempt to appear before the Congress of the
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 25
United States was announced in the French Communist paper
L'Humanite on February 18, 1950.
To exaggerate the importance of the project, a welcoming committee
for the delegation was formed in the United States, composed of a
number of individuals identified on previous occasions with the World
Peace Congress. These included O. John Kogge, Bishop Arthur
Moulton, W. E. B. DuBois, Lion Feuchtwanger, and Dr. Linus
Pauling. The Communist Daily Worker of March 1, 1950, announced
that "100 Notables Ask Visas for Peace Delegates." The "notables"
were the usual run of Communist fellow travelers.
The twelve who constituted the "peace" delegation, and their records
are as follows:
Pablo Picasso: Spanish painter. A member of the French Communist Party
since 1944, he has been a leading figure in various Communist-front organizations,
including the International Committee of the World Partisans of Peace.
Rev. Hexdett Johnson: Dean of Canterbury. Member of the editorial board
of the British Daily Worker. Delegate to several conferences of the Partisans
of Peace and British member of the World Peace Committee.
Ivor Montagu: British film producer, director and scenarist, and active in many
phases of motion-picture production. He has been a Communist Party member
since 1932 and is a member of the Daily Worker editorial staff.
Dr. Max Cosyns: Belgium's foremost atomic scientist and associate of Professor
Piccard since 1932. An avowed Communist sympathizer, Cosyns has been playing
a vigorous role in various front organizations.
Eugene Aubel: Professor of chemistry and biology. University of Paris. A mem-
ber of the French Communist Party. Active in Communist-front organizations.
Delegate, World Congress of Intellectuals, Wroclaw, Poland, 1948, and a member,
National Council Combattants de la Liberte et de la Paix (Fighters for Liberty
Hans Erni: Well-known Swiss modernist painter. An ardent fellow traveler,
he is a leader of the Swiss-Soviet Friendship Association.
Jean Lurcat: Artist, reportedly a member of the French Communist Party
and an active member in numerous Communist-front organizations.
Luigi Caccialore: A parliamentary deputy, Cacciatore is an active leader of the
Italian Socialist Party, which cooperates with the Italian Communist Party. He
was Minister of Posts and Telecommunications in the De Gasperi cabinet in 1947.
Dr. Mario Montesi: Communal councillor of Rome since the liberation. He
was at one time active in the Christian Democratic Party but later joined the
pro-Communist Christian Movement for Peace.
Giuseppina (Pina) Palumbo: A socialist senatoi" and former social worker, she
was the first woman given a post in the Italian Government after liberation. She
is now active in leftist women's groups.
Prof. Oliviero Mario Olivo: Italian specialist in anatomy and histology and one-
time Rockefeller fellow in the United States. He took part in the leftist-sponsored
Congress of Italian Culture in 1948.
Fvrio Diaz: Communist mayor of Leghorn since the liberation. Thirty-three
years old, law graduate; formerly taught at University of Pisa. Member of the
Italian Communist Party and its organ, the Friends of Unita.
After consulting with leaders in both Houses of Congress, the State
Department, on March 3, 1950, denied visas to the members of the
"peace" delegation, on the groiind that as Communists or fellow
travelers they were subject to exclusion from the United States under
our immigration laws.
Commenting on the character of the delegation, the Honorable
Tom Connally, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
declared on the floor of the Senate on March 2, 1950:
Many of the members of the delegation are inadmissible under the law and
have no right to come to the United States. They are intending to come here to
sow dissension. They are planning to come here to infiltrate, to propagandize, to
harass, and to annoy the Congress of the United States. We do not receive
26 THE COMMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE.
delegations of this kind or in this form. They must come through their own
governments, through diplomatic channels.
The Honorable Kenneth S. Wherry, minority floor leader in the
Senate, agreed with Senator Connally, stating:
The United States would not want to open its ports to the bubonic plague; and
to allow these revolutionaries to come into this country to spread their doctrine
against our Government would be equally dangerous * * *.
Furthermore, the American people need no instruction from these Communists,
and their fellow travelers, of the World Congress of Partisans of Peace, on the
way to peace * * *_ -pj^e delegation of Communists and fellow travelers who
seek to enter our gates to spread their propaganda against our republican pro-
cedures would simply add to our difficulties in stamping out revolutionary com-
munism among our own people.
In France, Communist pressure was sufiiciently strong to compel
a reception to a "peace" delegation on March 2, 1950, by M.
Edouard Herriot, president of the National Assembly of France.
Members of this delegation included the following American fellow
travelers: Rockwell Kent; Frances Damon, representing the World
Federation of Democratic Youth; and Johannes Steel, pro-Commun-
ist radio commentator. A similar situation in Italy secured for a
"peace" delegation an audience from Mr. Bonomi, the president of
the Italian Senate; and Mr. Grouchi, president of the Italian National
Assembly on February 28, 1950.
United States refusal to admit the "peace" delegation sent the
Communist propaganda machine into high gear. In the Daily Worker
of March 9, 1950, Paul Kobeson called the State Department's exclu-
sion order "a shameful blow" aimed at "the overwhelming majority of
Americans and peoples throughout the world who support the cause
of peace." The Moscow radio on the sam.e day charged that the
American Government "does not reflect the opinion of many millions
of people in the United States * * * who * * * are inter-
ested in the prevention of war * * *."
The next step, as expected, was Moscow's welcoming of a "peace"
delegation to the Soviet Union. On March 3, 1950, Jean Lafitte,
general secretary of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace
Congress, annoimced that a delegation of fifteen would leave Paris
Included in this delegation were the foUowing American "peace"
congress adherents: O. John Rogge, Rockwell Kent, and Johannes
Steel. Steel stated that "The Soviet Union forestalled om- desires by
inviting us to come and present the World Committee's proposals.'^
The welcome was understandable. It was a case of Moscow's
puppets bringing Moscow's proposals back to Moscow.
The delegation arrived at the Central Aerodrome in Moscow on
March 5. They were accorded high official honors. First to greet
them was Leonid Leonov, in behalf of the Supreme Soviet of the
U. S. S. R., of which he was a deputy. He also headed the Soviet
Peace Committee delegation. Dmitri Shostakovitch, Russian com-
poser, who had attended the Scientific and Cultm-al Conference for
World Peace in New York in March 1949, was on hand, as were repre-
sentatives of various officially approved Soviet organizations such as
the Slav Committee of the U. S. S. R., the Anti-Fascist Committee of
Soviet Women, the Anti-Fascist Committee of Soviet Youth, the
U. S. S. R. Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries,
and the Union of Soviet Writers.
THE COMMUTSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 27
On March 7, the delegation was received by the Soviet Peace
Committee and warmly welcomed by A. A. Siu-kov.
Speaking in behalf of the foreign "peace" delegation, Yves Farge, of
France, declared that "The peace movement within the Soviet Union
is today our strongest support."
Rockwell Kent, the American artist, was called upon for a few
remarks, which are quoted in part:
I must tell you that I am not an official representative of the American Govern-
ment. To be quite honest I must declare that the present Government of
America is not my Government and does not represent me (In Defense of Peace,
No. 8, March 1950, p. 20).
All present, including Mr. Kent, unanimously agreed upon a resolution
of protest against the action of the American Government in banning
a "peace" delegation. The resolution was proposed by V. Pudovkin,
member of the Soviet Peace Committee.
On March 8, the delegation was received in the Great Kremlin
Palace by the chairmen of both chambers of the U. S. S. R. Supreme
Soviet, Comrades V. V. Kuznetsov and I. A. Parfenov, who accepted
the delegation's official message from the Permanent Committee of
the World Congress of Partisans of Peace.
Yves Farge, in behalf of the delegation, utilized the subsequent press
conference to declare that the U. S. S. R,. is the first country to give
the delegates a clear reply to the Permanent Committee's proposals.
He stated that "every time the U. S. S. R. delivers its peace proposals
to the UN, we gather all our strength in support of these proposals."
In conclusion he asked that he be permitted "to greet Generalissimo
Stalin together with you." James Endicott, chairman of the Cana-
dian Committee of Partisans of Peace, seized upon the occasion to
attack the American F. B. I.
With the cooperation of a then pliant American stooge, Moscow
thereupon staged a coup that was to provide ammunition for its psy-
chological warfare for weeks to come. O. John Rogge was permitted,
with great fanfare and publicity, to address a selected audience, which
consisted of the presidium or executive committee of the Supreme
Soviet of the U. S. S. R., in the marble and gold hall of the Kremlin.
It was the first time that an American had addressed a Soviet parlia-
ment or a committee thereof.
Mr. Rogge called upon both Russians and Americans to halt exploit-
ing differences and to start searching for points of agreement. The
Americans must stop blaming the Commmiists and the Russians must
stop blaming the capitalists, he said, adding that he sought to remove
"the mountains of fear which divide the American and Soviet peoples."
He proposed a compromise between the Baruch plan of atomic
inspection and that submitted to the United Nations by Soviet Foreign
Rogge's remarks, of course, were challenged in the Soviet press.
Izvestia, on March 12, carried an article by S. Gerasimov, member of
the Presidium of the Soviet Peace Committee, who declared in part:
But it is hardly possible to agree with John Rogge in his estimate of the true state
Rogge's eloquence, naturally, brought not the slightest change in
Russia's policy; the Soviet's an ti- American radio and press campaign
continued at full blast. The unprovoked Communist military attack
28 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
on South Korea occurred only five months later at a cost of thousands
of American lives.
The Communist Daily Worker in the United States capitalized on
the Moscow reception. On March 10, it editorialized as follows:
Moscow Welcomes Peace. Washington said "No." But Moscow said "Yes."
Our State Department has rudely refused to let a peace delegation come here,
* * * The Soviet Government, on the other hand, gave a generous and im-
pressive welcome to the American delegation headed by O. John Rogge. * * *
Moscow did not spurn Rogge's peace proposal because Rogge believes in the
On March 10, the newspaper also made a trans-Atlantic call to
Rockwell Kent in Moscow, who assured the Daily Worker of the
Supreme Soviet's "wholehearted support" of the delegation's peace
Moscow's Soviet European broadcast of March 6, 1950, pointed out
that the parliaments of Communist-controlled eastern zone of Ger-
many, Rumania, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia had readily consented
to discuss the World Peace Congress proposals, "while the U. S. Con-
gress, whose Members do not express the will of their electors but that
of capitalist monopolies, has taken a different attitude."
The entire episode was a graphic example of the intimate collabora-
tion between the Soviet Government and the World Peace Congress
in the Soviet-initiated "peace" offensive.
THE STOCKHOLM CONFERENCE, MARCH 16-19, 1950
The Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress met again
in Stockholm, Sweden, between March 15 and 19, 1950, with 120
delegates in attendance.
In a dispatch from Stockholm on July 19, 1950, Prime Minister
Tage Erlander of Sweden expressed his disgust over the fact that the
name of that city was being used for international Communist propa-
ganda. He declared, "The overwhelming majority of the Swedish
people have no sympathy to spare for the attempts of the Communists
to exploit for their particular ends, mankind's love for peace and
abhorrence of war."
American delegates, arm in arm with Alexander Fadeev, Soviet whip of the World Peace Congress. Left to
right: Unidentified woman, Rockwell Kent, Albert Kahn, Mr. Fadeev, and Johannes Steel.— In Defense
of Peace, April 1950, page 51.
Although the meeting was used as a sounding board for Communist
propaganda, its main object was to launch the boldest and most far-
reaching maneuver of the whole Communist peace movement- — the
world-wide circulation of "peace" petitions.
Among the American delegates to the Stockholm meeting were
Rockwell Kent, Johannes Steel, O.^John Rogge, and the avowed Com-
munist Albert Kahn.
SPEAKERS AT STOCKHOLM
Jean Lafitte, general secretary of the Permanent Committee and
French Communist, reported at the Stockholm session that 52
National Committees in Defense of Peace were affiliated with the
Committee of the World Peace Congress. He added that the organ-
ization is linked with 81 countries and that 19 national "peace"
congresses had been organized since October 1949. He complained,
however, that "the movement has not developed in accordance
with * * * possibilities" in the United States.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Lafitte reported that the "peace" campaign "has also assumed new-
forms * * * In France, Italy, Belgium, Holland, the dockers
are refusing to unload arms * * *" He suggested that "their
magnificent example" should be followed in other countries. It should
be noted that such tactics were not proposed for use within the Soviet
Union or its satellites, however.
Cartoon urging sit-down strikes against munition shipments for troops fighting the Commimists.— In
Defense of Peace, official organ, World Peace Congress, January 1950, page 43.
Mr. Louis Saillant, another leading speaker at the Stockholm con-
ference, is the general secretary of the Communist-controlled World
Federation of Trade Unions. The WFTU has always been a supporter
of the World Peace Congress. Saillant's speech also stressed the new
and bolder tactics discussed by Lafitte. He declared that "propagan-
da and direct action can no longer be separated." In fact, he insisted
that the best "peace propaganda is direct action," which he considered
an "advanced form of struggle."
Keferring to cases where Communist-inspired seamen and dockers
have refused to transport or unload war material, Saillant said,
"These experiences hold valuable lessons for all countries * * *"
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 31
He demanded international support of "those dockers and seamen,"
and declared, "this is the path that all defenders of peace in the
capitalist comitries should follow." His emphasis upon the capitalist
countries should be noted. Saillant then somided the following call
We should state that one of the essential duties of the defenders of peace is the
refusal to work on and produce war material in all capitalist countries * * *_
Abbe Boulier of France, another speaker at the Stockholm meeting,
eagerly followed Saillant's lead and endorsed "the refusal of the
strikers, of the dockers to work for war," as Avell as "the refusal of
scientific workers to work for the production of death." Naturally,
this tactic was to apply only to the so-called capitalistic countries.
Abbe Boulier capitalized on his clerical calling and appealed to "the
churchmen and to those who are influenced by the churches," to aid
the subversive "peace" front.
The Roman Catholic Church has twice taken steps to discipline
Abbe Boulier for his pro-Communist activities. The first action
against him was taken in 1949 after his return from a peace congress
meeting in Czechoslovakia. His functions as a priest were removed,
but when the abbe gave assurances of his loyalty to the church they
were subsequently restored.
However, Father Boulier continued his activities in behalf of the
Communists and their "peace" campaign, and on September 9, 1950,
the New York Times reported:
The Roman Catholic Church took a repressive measure against one of its
fellow-traveling priests today. Archbishop Maurice Feltin of Paris forbade
Abbot Jean Boulier to say mass or to receive sacraments for an undefined period
starting September 10.
AMERICANS AT STOCKHOLM
O. John Rogge, American attorney, presented the same line to the
Stockholm conference that he presented at "peace" conferences at
Wroclaw, New York, Paris, Mexico, London, and Moscow.
U. S. Communist Party member Albert Kalm, as expected, devoted
his speech to a bitter attack on the United States and a eulogy on the
Soviet Union. With true Communist servility, he meekly accepted
the criticism leveled by the conference at the "peace" movement in
the United States. He promised better results in the future. He
agreed with the complaint that his associates had limited themselves
to "enlisting the endorsement of prominent personahties," and he
promised that hereafter they would seek "to build a broad organiza-
tional base among trade-unionists, jnass organizations, national groups,
youth and women's organizations."
This provides a striking example of how the "peace" movement in
the United States is controlled from abroad.
The most far-reaching decision made by the Permanent Committee
of the World Peace Congress at its meeting in Stockholm was the
launching of the world-wide drive for signatures to a so-called World
Peace Appeal. It is the boldest and most extensive piece of psycho-
logical warfare ever conducted by any organization on a world scale.
Moreover, it was shrewdly contrived and carefully timed.
32 THE COMMUlSriST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE
The World Peace Appeal was launched 3 months before the outbreak
of Communist armed aggression against South Korea. Obviously the
appeal was intended as a smoke screen for such aggression. And
even though the Korean conflict completely exposed the falsity of the
Communists' "peace" movement, the petition appeal is brazenly
The contents of the petitions, which the Communists claim have
been signed by more than 273,000,000 persons, are designed to attract
the unwary.^ They include four brief demands:
We demand the outlawing of the atomic weapons as instruments of aggression
and mass murder of peoples.
We demand strict international control to enforce this measure.
We believe that any government which first uses atomic weapons against any
other country whatsoever will be committing a crime against humanity and
should be dealt with as a war criminal.
We call on all men and women of good will throughout the world to sign thi&
Here is what is behind these demands, however. Well aware that
the United States, for its own protection against Soviet aggression,
has established superiority in the development of atomic weapons,
the Communists hope to weaken American defenses by demanding the
outlawing of atomic weapons.
The second misleading demand in the petition is for "strict inter-
national control" of atomic weapons. Authorized representatives of
the American Government in the field of atomic energy have pointed
out that international control is impossible without provision for
international inspection of plants within each country by an inter-
national authority. Under these conditions, the United States gener-
ously offered before the United Nations to turn over to the inter-
national authority all the materials, facilities, and know-how in our
possession, as well as to dispose of all atom bombs and other atomic
weapons. Every nation in the world except Soviet Russia and her
satellites accepted the American plan as fair and workable. Thus, it
is Soviet Russia which has prevented international controls over the
The petition demand that "any government which first uses atomic
weapons against any other country * * * should be dealt with as a
war criminal" is intended to tie our hands in the case of aggressive
wars instigated by Communists.
The petition is cleverly directed to "all men and women of good will
throughout the world." The petition fails to mention that the
signer would be supporting the crudest and most ruthless dictatorship
known to recorded history, which has just launched an unprovoked
and brutal attack on the South Korean Republic. It is as if Adolph
Hitler were appealing to * 'men of good will . ' ' Regrettably, to a number
of intellectuals in our country and elsewhere the paradox is not
By soliciting names and addresses from "peace" petition signers, the
Communists are in a position to establish a huge Red mailing list
which can be used for the circulation of Communist propaganda.
In Switzerland, a cross mark is made against the name of anyone
who refuses to sign the petitions and the individual is threatened with
reprisals in the event of Communist control of the Swiss Government.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
In iron-curtain countries, those who have refused to sign have been
thrown into jail. In Moscow, the Communist Party organ, Pravda,
announced that anyone in any country who refused to sign the
petition automatically became "an accomplice and henchman of the
warmongers" in the eyes of the Communists.
YOUR HAND CAN STOP ATOMIC WAR!
Thruout the world —
In Chiim, Italy, Itrael, in England and Braiil, in
France and Mexico, in Finland and Poland, Siceden
and the Soviet Union, in Africa and India and in
the United States —
Tens of millions of people of all faiths and creeds,
all races are signing this appeal.
If we, the people say NO to war
THERE WILL BE PEACE.
• We demand the outlawing of the atomic weapons as instruments of aggression
and mass murder of peoples.
• We demand strict international control to enforce this measure.
• We believe that any government which first uses atomic weapons against any
other country whatsoever will be committing a crime against humanity and should
be dealt with as a war criminal.
• We call on all men and women of good will thruout the world to sign this appeal.*
Return this petition to:
Collected by Address
* This appeal was issued at Stockholm in March, 1950 by the "World Committee in Defense of Peace."
Trygve Lie, Secretary of the United Nations, said of this Committee: "I bless everyone, every man and
woman, who works for peace." ,f4™ York r.™./, Mw 1950)
Campaign Committee for the World Peace Appeal — P. O. Box 349, Grand Central Station, New York City
World Peace Appeal petition blank,
by campaign committee for the World Peace Appeal.
Also illustrative of the pressure exerted in Communist-dominated
countries to get signers to "peace petitions" is the following incident:
The Polish delegates to an International Congress of Architects, held
in Paris, stated that they could not participate in the congress unless
that body approved the Stockholm peace petition. Lacking such
approval, the Polish delegation renounced the congress.
The same type of pressure has been applied to the churches in
Communist Poland. Instructors in church schools in a given locality
are called in to sign the Stockholm pledge. If they refuse, they are
told the Government will forbid them to teach the young. Thus, the
Warsaw regime has coerced a few priests into signing the petition.
THE COMMUNTIST "PEiAC'E" OFFENSIVE
As expected, the petition has received the enthusiastic approval of
every section of the international Communist hierarchy. On March
24, 1950, a week after the appeal was launched by the World Peace
Congress in Stockholm, the petition was publicly endorsed by the
Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers Parties (Comin-
form) through its official organ. On June 11, 1950, the Worker,
U. S. Communist Party organ, announced the "Nation-wide drive for
millions of signatures" and put every individual Communist on notice
that he "has the duty to rise to this appeal." On June 20, 1950, the
"peace petition" received the official endorsement of the Supreme
Soviet of the U. S. S. R., which has been echoed by the governing
bodies of every Communist satellite country, and by all Communist
Parties throughout the world.
In publicizing the petition campaign, the Communists have made
fantastic claims as to the number of signatures obtained. The
following tabulation, representing a claimed total of 273,470,566
signers, or one-eighth of the human race, has been presented by
M. Joliot-Curie, chairman of the World Peace Committee in Paris:
U. S. S. R
193, 000, 000
24, 500, 000
12, 500, 000
9, 200, 000
7, 200. 000
9, 000, 000
463, 000, 000
18, 500, 000
115, 275, 000
18, 000, 000
9, 500, 000
7, 500, 000
5, 801, 346
5, 680, 000
44, 000, 000
17, 046, 000
49, 700, 000
41, 200, 000
46, 000, 000
50, 500, 000
347, 000, 000
83, 000, 000
150, 000, 000
2, 000, 000
12 000 000
United States : . .
1, 345, 000
1, 350, 000
According to a radio broadcast from Rumania, this alleged total of
273,470,566 signers does not represent a mere one-eighth of the
human race. The broadcast said that, "taking into consideration
that only adult people sign, it can be said that in all 600,000,000
people, or a quarter of the world's population, have supported the
appeal" (Bucharest, Agerpress in Morse to Europe, August 11, 1950.)
It should be noted that 235,000,000, or 86 percent, of these alleged
signatures come from Communist-dominated countries where the
petition has been officially approved and refusal to sign would con-
stitute defiance of the government. The Soviet Union is said to have
rolled up 100,000,000 signatures in 2 weeks. In Communist-controlled
East Germany, the announced total of signatures equals 90 percent
of the total population, including infants.
The Daily Worker of August 24, 1950, displays a photograph of
thumbprints of natives of French Equatorial Africa, who allegedly
eagerly signed the World Peace Appeal. No doubt this practice was
followed among other peoples. It is obvious that these persons
could not have read the peace appeal to which they affixed their
Equally demonstrative of Communist methods is the photograph in
the Worker for July 23, 1950, showing three triplet toddlers who
allegedly declared "No Atom Bombs for Us! We Want to Live!"
and then affixed their fingerprints to the peace petition.
The conclusion is obvious that the "peace" petition campaign pro-
vides another example of Communist willmgness to use any trickery
or deceit to achieve their ends.
THE COMMUmST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
These Iwo photogr.iphs slio'w
the spirit for ptue that has im-
pelled 300,000 000 to sign tlu
World Peace Appeal to haii the
A-bomb. The photograph abo\e
shows survivors of the town of
Lidice signing the appe.il This
is the Czechoslovak town which
the Nazis razed to the ground
and where thev murdered prac-
tically every inhabitint Only ,i
handful e s c a p e »I «If ath— and
these want the new ixUrmina-
fion weapon — the A-bomb-
The photograph below shows
the thumb print signatures of
citizens of French Fqiialorul
Africa who eagerly sign the
World Peace Appeal These
fingerprint signatures are those
of men and women who never
had the chance to learn to write.
This photograph shows the thumbprint signatures of citizens of French Equatorial Africa who endorsed
the World Peace Appeal. These fingerprint signatures are those of men and women who never had the
chance to learn to write. Thus, they could not be expected to read the petition. (Daily Worker, August
24, 1950, p. 4.)
SECOND WORLD PEACE CONGRESS
A Second World Peace Congress was scheduled to be held in
Sheffield, England, from November 13 to 19, 1950. It was also
referred to as the Second World Congress of the Partisans of Peace,
and the Second World Congress of the Defenders of Peace.
Some 2,000 delegates from all over the world were reported mobi-
lized in preparation for this latest forum for Soviet propaganda.
Sixty-five delegates were selected in the Soviet Union. In the United
States, there was established an Ajnerican Sponsoring Committee for
Representation at the Second World Peace Congress, with an office at
135 Liberty Street, New York 6, N. Y. The committee announced
in the Daily Worker on November 9, 1950, that 60 persons would go
to Sheffield as a United States delegation.
Acting head of the American Sponsoring Committee was Prof.
Joseph Fletcher, of the Episcopal Theological Seminary, Cambridge,
Mass. Acting secretary was the Rev. Robert M. Muir, who later
personally led an American delegation to the Second World Peace
Congress. Both individuals have previously supported the Com-
munists' "peace" campaign in this country, as well as other Commu-
nist projects. For a partial list of the Second World Peace Congress
sponsors and delegates from the United States, see appendix No. VI
to this report.
The elaborate plans of the Communists for their Sheffield gathering
went awry, however, when many of the foreign delegates were refused
admittance to Britain. British Prime Minister Clement Attlee on
November 1, 1950, had denounced the forthcoming congress as a
"bogus forum of peace with the real aim of sabotaging national
defense" and had said there would be a "reasonable limit" on foreign
delegates. Excluded by the British Government were such figures as
Frederic JoHot-Curie, French Commmiist and head of the World
Peace Congress, and Ilya Ehrenburg, AJexander Fadeyev, and
Dmitri Shostakovitch, familiar "peace" congress leaders from the
Soviet Union. The Daily Worker in the United States complained
that five-sixths of the delegation from this country was refused
admission to England, including the leader of the U. S. delegates,
the Rev. Robert M. Muir.
The number of delegates who appeared at Sheffield to attend the
World Peace Congress dropped from an anticipated 2,000 to 500,
half of whom were British.
Two days before the scheduled opening of the Sheffield congress on
November 13, the Committee of the World Peace Congress decided to
transfer the entire congress to Warsaw, in Communist-dominated
The 500 available delegates in England held a token session in
Sheffield on November 13, after which they hurried by plane and
boat to Warsaw. The Sheffield session was comprised of closed
meetings during the day, and an open rally at night, at which the
THE COMMUlSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 37
British and United States Governments were loudly attacked. Speak-
ers at the rally included Dr. Hewlett Johnson, the "Red" Dean of
Canterbury, Pablo Picasso, Communist artist from France; and O.
John Rogge and the Rev. John Paul Jones, from the United States.
The Second World Peace Congress managed to get under way in
Warsaw, Poland, by the evening of November 16, 1950. The Polish
radio reported that 80 countries were represented at the Warsaw
gathering by 1,756 delegates, 192 guests, and 137 observers. Presidmg
was Frederic Joliot-Curie.
At the opening session, a presidium of the "peace" congress was
elected, including the foUowing residents of the United States: Howard
Fast, Paul Robeson, Rev. Joseph Fletcher, Prof. W. E. B. DuBois, and
Thomas Mann. None of the 5 was present at the conference, although
63 delegates and observers did attend the Warsaw gatheruig, according
to the Daily Worker.
The election to the presidium of delegates from Communist North
Korea and Communist China was greeted with ovations at the
congress. Despite the fact that United Nations forces were then
fighting bloody battles to halt the aggression of North Korean Com-
munists against democratic South Korea, the "peace" congress
delegates gave a standing tribute to the North Korean delegate
elected to the presidium, Pak Den-ai. He was brazenly acclaimed as
a representative of the "heroic Korean people" who were fighting
"American aggressors." The Chinese Communists' vice-premier,
Kuo Mo-jo, was also elected to the congress' presiding committee.
He subsequently presented a major speech at the congress on the
subject of American "aggression" in the Far East. It should be
noted that a few days after the conclusion of this "peace" congress,
armies of the Chinese Communists launched a full-scale invasion of
Korea in support of the Communist aggressors of North Korea.
As in the case of previous "peace" congresses, Warsaw was simply
an arena in which Communists and their fellow travelers vied with
each other in vilifying democratic nations, particularly the United
States, and glorifying Communist dictatorship. The congress, which
ran from November 16 through November 22, heard key-note speeches
from such familiar Soviet masters of insult as Alexander Fadayev and
Typical of the tone of the congress was the declaration by Fadayev
on November 17 that the Soviet Union seeks "the consolidation of
peace tlu"oughout the world" while the United States acts as the
greatest enemy of peace. Fadayev venomously insisted that the
United States was turning Korea "into a desert of ruins and ashes,
flooding the country with the blood of children and performing all sorts
of Fascist bestialities * * *"
Only discordant note in this Communist refrain was somided by
O. John Rogge, an attorney from the United States, who has regularly
attended and supported international Communist "peace" gatherings
and who up to now was a member of the Permanent Committee of the
World Peace Congress. For some unexplained reason, Rogge delivered
a speech to this "peace" congress on November 19 in which he made
a major break with the Communist Party "peace" line. Rogge's
heretical statements included a charge that the Communists resorted
to violence as illustrated in Korea and Tibet. Rogge also repudiated
the Stockholm Peace Appeal.
38 THE COMMXTNTIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE
The congress received Mr. Rogge's speech with boos and derisive
laughter. On the following day, another congi^ess participant from
the United States, Charles F. Howard, of Des Moines, Iowa, denounced
the stand taken by Mr. Rogge and received prolonged cheers from
the congiess audience. Mr. Rogge was not reelected to the Permanent
Committee of the Congress.
The Moscow radio also condemned Mr. Rogge for his statements
at the congress. This was in sharp contrast to the favorable publicity
awarded by the Moscow radio to Willard Uphaus, another congress
delegate from the United States. The Moscow home service broadcast
of November 18 noted that on that day Mr. Uphaus had spoken
''with bitterness of the war hysteria which now prevails in the United
At its conclusion, the Warsaw "peace" congress authorized the
formation of a World Peace Council. A presidium of 208 members
was selected for the new council, including 15 Americans. Among
the Americans were W. E. B. DuBois, Joseph F. Fletcher, Paul
Robeson, Howard Fast, and Charles Howard.^
Soviet Russia and its satellites have persistently obstructed peace
efforts within the United Nations. Nevertheless, the Moscow radio
heralded the World Peace Council as "the expression of the determina-
tion of the peoples to take into their own hands the struggle for peace"
because "the peoples, dare not ignore the fact that the United Nations
does not justify their hopes in the preservation of peace." The
Moscow radio announced that the Warsaw "peace" congress had
issued a manifesto stating that the UN "did not warrant the hopes
of the peoples for the preservation of peace."
The entire Second World Peace Congress was summed up by Mos-
cow as signifying the "invincible power" of the "movement for the
warding off of a new war being prepared by the bosses of the imperial-
ist camp and first of all by those of the United States."
1 A list of members elected to the World Peace Council at the Second World Peace Congress, held in
Warsaw, is printed in appendix XVI.
THE COMMUNISTS' *TEACE" CAMPAIGN WITHIN THE
While the Cominform, through the World Peace Congress, exercises
direction and supervision of the Communist ''peace" campaign on
a world basis, the Communist Party, U. S. A., directs the movement
within the United States. What the Moscow radio declared on
April 14, 1949, is valid in every country in connection with the
World Peace Congi-ess and its affiliates:
As a matter of course Communists * * * are marching at the helm of the
movement * * *.
In 1948, the Communist Party, U. S. A., chose as its "peace"
vehicle the Progressive Party. William Z. Foster, Communist Party,
U. S. A., chairman, declared that "the new Progressive Party offers
the opportunity for the forces fighting for peace." Since this new
organization polled only a little over a million votes in the 1948
election, Avith interest evaporating during nonelection years, a new
instrument had to be devised for the Communist "peace" campaign.
Joseph Starobin, foreign news editor of the Daily Worker and close
collaborator with Gerhart Eisler, former Comintern representative,
was appointed secretary of the U. S. Communist Party's Peace
Committee. As such, he was nominally in charge of the party's
William Z. Foster, chaii'man of the Communist Party, U. S. A., in
a keynote message to a National Committee meeting of the party
March 23-25, 1950, called the "peace" movement "our most decisive
political task." He declared it "should be the very center of the
work of this meeting of the National Committee," and that emphasis
should be placed upon "the holding of a meeting between Truman
and Stahn, the fight against the H-bomb, the reduction of Marshall
plan aid, the cutting of the arms budget." These proposals were
all calculated to weaken the hand of the United States in its dealings
with the Soviet Union.
Gus Hall, general secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., and
a key figure in the "peace" campaign within the United States,
reported on the afore-mentioned national committee m.eeting in the
May 1950 issue of Political Affairs. He said that "Every party
organization, every club, every section must have a plan for peace,"
adding that —
it is now possible to have some type of peace movement, campaign, organization,
or committee in every union, church, block, neighborhood, shop, department,
shift, industry, city, country, State. It seems practical that we should launch,
among other things, the election in all organizations of Peace Committees as
one of the standing committees.
As a precaution against possible identification of the movement
with the Communist Party, Mr. Hall urged "action of a thousand
different varieties, in the widest circles." Echoing the Cominform's
call for maximum flexibility. Hall urged that the Communists draw
40 THE COMMLnsnST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE.
into the "peace" movement those "who differ on or oppose Com-
munism," "non -Communists," and "even anti-Communists," in order
that a "wider mass movement" be developed. He pointed out that
this tactic increased the "hkehhood" of drawing ^^ sincere people who
are non-Communists and even anti-Communists into the struggle."
Echoing the treasonous note sounded by the Moscow radio and
the sessions of the World Peace Congress, the U. S. Communist
Party's official organ. Political Affairs, declared in May 1950 that —
the struggle for peace has reached a new, high state. New, miUtant forms of direct
struggle against war preparations — such as the refusal to produce war materials
and the refusal to unload Atlantic pact arms shipments from the U. S. or to load
troops and arms for war against the colonial peoples — are hitting at the very
heart of the imperialist war preparations.
The executive secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., is
well qualified for the role of deceit and treachery he portrays in the
Communist peace campaign. Gus Hall, also kno^vTl as Arva Halberg,
is a graduate of the Lenin School for Communist conspirators in
Moscow. Ohio court records and sworn testimony before the Special
Committee on Un-American Activities on November 4, 1938, show
that Gus Hall was active in the steel strike in Warren, Ohio, in 1936
and 1937 where, as picket captain and Communist organizer, he
established what was virtually an armed dictatorship over the city.
He was in charge of a djriiamite and nitro-glycerine squad used for
the purpose of terrorizing families and blowing up industrial plants
and bridges. Mr. Hall's prison record includes sentences for forgery
and malicious destruction of property.
The same Gus Hall was the chief reporter at this afore-mentioned
national committee meeting of the party referred to officially as the
"Plenum on the Struggle for Peace."
Petition Campaign in U. S. A.
In a two-page spread m the Worker of June 11, 1950, the Com-
munist Party, U. S. A., presented "a special plan for its membership"^
in response to the Stockholm pledge campaign. Joseph Starobin, as
secretary of the Communist Party's Peace Committee, announced
"a whirlwind, Nation-wide campaign to register the peace desire
of at least 5,000,000 Americans." '
He disclosed that Mrs. Elizabeth Moos was executive director of a
Peace Information Center at 56 West Forty-fifth Street, New York
City, which was "making available the petition." She has been
identified in sworn testimony before the Committee on Un-American
Activities as an active member of the Communist Party and the
mother-in-law of William Walter Remington, who was convicted in a
New York court on February 7, 1951, for perjury relating to his
Communist Party membership, Mrs. Moos, Starobin announced,
had just returned from a London executive meeting of the Permanent
Committee of the World Peace Congress.
Mr. Starobin also announced that Dr. W. E. B. DuBois was the
chairman of the Peace Information Center, and that Abbott Simon
was serving as executive secretary of the Center. The Communist
activities of these two individuals are described in detail in a later
part of this section of this report.
i-sil 11.1 |s &a 2:1 g-3|| il
;il: y= 1^ i:: :i i|M 11
•llr 1^1 61 II II III" "14
;ii: ^ii t% II -sf li^- :ii
THE COMMUTSnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 41
The national committee of the Communist Party called on "all its
members to join the current Nation-wide campaign for millions of
signatm-es for peace." The national committee, in its usual elusive
manner, disclaims central responsibility for the campaign itself,
stating that "the Communist Party alongside other popular organiza-
tions and individuals welcomes and joins this endeavor." [Italics
supplied.l In Communist double talk, front organizations are referred
to as "popular" or "mass" organizations. Nevertheless, full respon-
sibility is placed upon each individual party member to serve as the
spark plug of this campaign. The importance which the party
attaches thereto is indicated by the following excerpt from the national
The Communist Party therefore calls on every single one of its members to
turn his and her entire activity to this single, gigantic peace effort * * *. Upon
us Communists rests the responsibility of * * * achieving the widest unity
of the people. This can bring a BIG BREAK-THROUGH for peace. To this
great end, we propose a campaign by our entire movement, and every member of it,
to get millions of signatures on the Stockholm Peace Petition.
This is NOT just "another petition campaign." This is NOT a campaign in
which we can afford a large number of inactive members. This is NOT a routine
drive, with hit-or-miss methods.
This campaign places responsibility on all national, district. State, section, and
branch leaders and leading bodies — to show by example, to set goals for themselves
and publicly carry out these goals * * * the branches * * * must be the basic
core of the campaign. Special branch meetings are necessary. Full attendance
must be guaranteed, and every branch member visited with specific plans.
In an effort to pressure party members to produce maximum
results, the party has designated those who pledge 500 signatures as
"heroes and heroines of peace." Those who pledge 200 signatiu-es
are to be known as "sentinels of peace," while those who pledge 100
signatures become "peace stewards." Suitable emblems are to
The Communist press is fully mobilized behind this all-out effort, for
which the national committee prepares articles and discussion outlines.
As part of the campaign:
Political Affairs is to run special articles. The Daily and Sunday Worker, the
Daily People's World, the Freiheit, and all other newspapers and magazines
shall be invited to join this campaign * * *. Six pamphlets for mass distribution
are now in preparation.
The campaign is pointed at specific targets in "every shop, com-
munity, and industry." It is dovetailed with party activity "in
decisive factories and unions — in auto, steel, electrical, textile,
mining, rubber, transport." The party has special plans for reaching
the Negi'o population and involving it in the appeal campaign.
This mvolves "special concentration provisions for Harlem, the
Chicago South Side, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Detroit, and other
major centers of the Negro people." This, of course, includes the
South. All leading party committees were told "to work out special
plans for fuU involvement of existing women's peace committees."
As far as the youth are concerned, the party urged young Com-
munists to visit "baU parks, beaches, schools and universities, factories
and farms" in quest of signatures. This phase is carried out in the
name of the U. S. Youth Sponsoring Committee, World Peace Ap-
peal.^ Even farmers are not exempt, for "party organizations in
' See appendix VII to this report for the members of the U. S. Youth Sponsoring Committee of the World
42 THE COIVIMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE
the heart of the great rural and farming communities" were instructed
to "undertake to register this opposition to a Wall Street war." For
this purpose, rural State and local fairs, caravans, and motorcades
were ordered organized.
The national committee worked out the following time schedule for
July 4: First national mobilization, with mass outpouring to the beaches,
August 6: Second national mobilization, the anniversary of the Hiroshima
bomb, 1,000 open-air rallies and shop gate meetings, booths and tables for street-
corner collection of signatures.
September 4: Labor Day mobilization — brigades, caravans, motorcades to
rural communities, fairs, countryside.
October 24: United Nations Day — conclusion of campaign— delegations to
A/[atthew Cvetic, an undercover agent for the FBI in western
Pennsylvania, testified before the Committee on Un-American
Activities on October 13, 1950. During his testimony he placed into
the record of the committee certain directives issued by the Com-
munist Party, U. S. A. One of these, "Plan of Work of National
Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A., July 15 to Labor Day, 1950,"
outlines the task of Communists in the so-called peace campaign.
See appendix VIII, pages 118-121 of this report, for a reprint of the
PEACE INFORMATION CENTER
The Peace Information Center was described in the preceding section
of this report as "making available" the Stockholm peace petition.
On February 9, 1951, the Peace Information Center, then located
at 799 Broadway, New York, and five of its officers were indicted by
a Federal grand jury in New York for failure to register under the
Foreign Agents Registration Act. Named as defendants along with
the center were: W. E. B. Du Bois, whose record of Communist
activities is given later in this report; Elizabeth Moos, mother of the
former wife of William Remington, recently convicted of perjury in
denying Communist membership; Kyrle Elkin, of New York, Abbott
Simon, of New York, whose background is given later in this report;
and Sylvia Soloff, of New York. The indictment charges the center
with acting as a publicity agent for the Committee of the World
Congress of the Defenders of Peace, "the international organization
established by the Cominform to publicize the so-called Stockholm
Peace Appeal." ^
According to the New York Times, February 10, 1951, pages 1
and 6, the Peace Information Center was said to have been dissolved.
The center did not relinquish its offices at 799 Broadway until January
30, 1951. It left no forwarding address but its telephone number
was changed to that of the New York Labor Conference for Peace.
If convicted, the defendants could receive a maximum sentence of
5 years in jail and a fine of as much as $10,000 each.
» See appendix IX for a list of sponsors, by States, of the Stockholm Peace Appeal.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 43
WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DUBOIS
William Edward Biirghardt DuBois, an 82-year-old Negro scholar
and historian, was the chairman of the Peace Information Center,
which had charge of the "peace" petition campaign. In this capacity
he was asked to register as a foreign agent by the Department of Jus-
tice on August 23, 1950. He refused to do so, and was subsequently
indicted for his refusal by a Federal grand jury on February 9, 1951.
DuBois has been a supporter of movements in behalf of wSoviet foreign
policy for over 20 years from the time he was a member of the national
committee of the All-American Anti-Imperialist League in 1928 to-
gether with such avowed Communists as William Z. Foster and Harry
Gannes, to the present. In 1933 he was a member of the American
Committee for Struggle Against War together with the same William
Z. Foster. In 1946, he was a member of the New York Committee
to Win the Peace.
Subsequently the Communist "peace" drive selected Henry A.
Wallace as its chief exponent and the movement behind his candidacy
for President became the major concentration of the Communist
Party. Mr. DuBois has been an active sponsor of the Progressive
Citizens of America in 1947, which developed in 1948 into the Pro-
gressive Party. Mr. DuBois was a member of its platform committee
at the Wallace nominating convention in July 1948 and a member of
the National Wallace for President Committee. Although Mr.
Wallace has recently repudiated the Progressive Party because of its
anti-American stand on Korea, Mr. DuBois was the 1950 candidate
for the United States Senate of the American Labor Party, the New
York adjunct of the Progressive Party.
The movement which blossomed forth under Communist inspiration
and direction as the World Peace Congress found in W. E. B. DuBois
an active supporter from the outset. He was a sponsor of the Scien-
tific and Cultural Conference for World Peace held at the Hotel
Waldorf Astoria on March 25 to 27, 1949, arranged by the National
Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions of which Mr. DuBois
was a vice chairman. He was a member of the sponsoring committee
of the meeting of the World Peace Congress held in Paris April 20 to 23,
1949, and served as cochairman. He was a sponsor of the American
Continental Congress for World Peace held in Mexico City, September
5 to 10, 1949, under the same Communist auspices. Again he was
a special guest of the Soviet Peace Congress held in Moscow in the
fall of 1949. He spent 10 days in Moscow, traveling thereafter to
the Communist cities of Warsaw and Prague. At the close of Feb-
ruary 1950, he was a member of a welcoming committee for a dele-
gation from the World Peace Congress visiting the United States,
members of which were excluded by direction of the State Depart-
ment because of their Communist records. In September 1950 he
was a speaker at the International Students Congress in Prague
which cooperated with the World Peace Congress movement.
Mr. DuBois has never to the knowledge of the Committee on Un-
American Activities avowed membership in the Communist Party.
In a speech before the House Foreign Aflairs Committee, he declared
flatly, "I am a fellow traveler with Communists insofar as they believe
the great ideals of socialism." He has, however, supported the
Communist Party and individual Communists on fi^quent occasions.
44 THE COMMinsriST "PEiACE" OFFEN^^SIVE
In 1942 he was a member of the Citizens Committee to Free Earl
Browder, general secretary of the Communist Party convicted for
passport fraud. According to the Daily Worker of February 28,
1947, page 2, he was the signer of a statement in behalf of Gerhart
Eisler, a notorious Comintern agent, now a leader in Communist
Germany. According to the Daily Worker's issue of April 22, 1947,
page 5, he signed a statement to President Truman protesting an
alleged attempt to outlaw the Communist Party. He spoke in behalf
of John Howard Lawson; Hanns Eisler, brother of Gerhart; and
Howard Fast. The year 1948 finds him signing protests in behalf of
the following Communists: Pablo Neruda of Chile; Communist
teachers; alien Communists facing deportation; Simon Gerson of
New York; Gerhart Eisler; and the 12 Communist leaders indicted
for teaching and advocating the overthrow of our Government by
force and violence. In 1949 he signed various statements and even
briefs in behalf of these 12 Communist leaders, 11 of whom were con-
victed as charged in October 1949. He also supported suspended
Communist teachers; John Howard Lawson and Dal ton Trumbo;
and endorsed the candidacy of Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., Communist
candidate for New York City councilman. He sponsored a testi-
monial for Harry Sacher, attorney for the 12 Communist defendants.
In 1950 he continued his support of the 11 convicted leaders to the
point of appealing against the action of the United States Government
to the United Nations. He has been associated with a number of
organizations specializing in the defense of Communists, such as the
Civil Rights Congress, the American Committee for Protection of
Foreign Born, and the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee.
In the Daily Worker of June 28, 1947, page 7, he is quoted in an
attack on the free enterprise system and the "fear of being called
Communist." In the Daily Compass of August 11, 1949, page 26,
he refers to the term "Communist" as a "witchword." The same
publication on September 25, 1950, page 4, quotes him as branding
the effort "to convince ourselves that the problem of the world today
is the Soviet Union and communism" as a "deliberate deception."
Dr. DuBois has been the subject of numerous laudatory editorials
and articles in the Communist press, a significant token of Communist
esteem, including the Daily Worker, the Daily People's World, and
Masses and Mainstream.
Dr. DuBois seems to be tremendously obsessed with communism
as it is practiced in the Soviet Union. Although he has made a number
of visits to that country he never deigned to mention such matters as
forced labor, slave labor camps, or the suppression of speech, press,
and assembly. In November 1937, he signed the Golden Book of
American Friendship with the Soviet Union. On May 29, 1946, he
was a speaker at Madison Square Garden at a meeting of the National
Council of American Soviet Friendship in honor of three Soviet writers.
In the (Communist) Masses and Mainstream for August 1948, he
declared that "the attempt of Russia to change the economic founda-
tion of modern life is an even greater phenomenon than the French
Revolution." In 1947 and 1948, he signed a number of appeals made
by the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship urging an
immediate conference between the United States and the Soviet
Union, and was a speaker for this front organization. In 1948 he was^^
a member of the advisory council of the magazine Soviet Russia Today,
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 45
:and a frequent contributor to the publication. This magazine re-
corded his greetings on the occasion of the thirty -first anniversary of
the Kussian re\»okition. Ignoring the current Communist barrage of
propaganda tlu-oughout the world against the United States on August
11, 1949, he declared that "Russia and communism are not your
enemies." Again on November 7, 1949, he paid his obeisance to the
; Soviet dictatorship by appearing at the Soviet Embassy at the thirty-
second anniversary celebration of the Russian revolution. Dr. DuBois'
utterances have been marked by considerable rancor toward the
United States. On October 5, 1950, he characterized Communist
aggression in Korea as "a civil dispute for which the United States
and especially South Korea were principally responsible."
On September 20, 1948, he evaluated the Marshall plan as an at-
tempt "to scare people into conformity by the tlu-eat of starvation."
He has frequently sought to bring the United States into disrepute
by defiantly appealing over its head to the United Nations. On
October 11, 1947, he wrote and forwarded "An Appeal to the UN
for Redress" regarding an alleged "Denial of Human Rights to Minori-
ities in the Case of Citizens of Negro Descent in the United States of
America," which provoked bitter opposition in the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Colored People. On September 17, 1949,
he appealed to the UN again in behalf of the Ingram family, proteges
of the Civil Rights Congress. On May 10, 1950, he sent another
statement to the UN, this time in behalf of 11 convicted Communist
i leaders. He has also petitioned the UN in behalf of the Council on
African Affaii'S, a well-known Communist-front organization.
Dr. DuBois has supported the American Council for a Democratic
'Greece, an organization devoted to support of the civil war led by
Greek Communists against the Greek Government. Similarly opposed
to American policy and supporting the Chinese Communists is the
Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, of which Dr. DuBois
has been an active sponsor and speaker.
W. E. B. DuBois has also found the time to contribute articles and
:give his support to such Communist publications as the Daily Worker,
Masses and Mainstream (as contributing editor), and New Masses (as
• contributing editor).
Lest it be thought that Dr. DuBois is really representative of the
great mass of Negro people, it must be pomted out that he was dropped
as research director of the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People on the ground of "violating confidences of the asso-
ciation." He protested against the appointment as UN consultant of
Walter White, outstanding leader of the NAACP, claiming that the
NAACP would thus be tied to the "foreign policy of the present admin-
istration." In this dispute the Daily Worker sided definitely with Dr.
DuBois as did outstanding Communist spokesmen. He has shown a
distinct preference for Communist-front organizations operating
among Negroes, such as the Council on African Affairs, and the
Southern Negro Youth Congress. Dr. DuBois has written a book
entitled "The World and Africa." On page 258 of this work he makes
the following significant connnent:
There are people, and wise people, who have said that this [Dr. DuBois refers
here to satisfaction of human wants. — Ed.] can never be accomplished under the
■present organization of the world for business, industry, and profit; that in order
tto accomplish this we must establish stern dictatorship of a few who hold to thi&
46 THE COMMXnSTIST "PElAC'E" OFFEISTSIVE
idea of the commonweal. This is the theory of communism. There are many
who dislike the idea; there are some who fear and hate it for obvious reasons.
But to these there is one clear answer: Accomplish the end which every honest
human being must desire by means other than communism, and communism need
not be feared. On the other hand, if a world of ultimate democracy, reaching
across the color line and abolishing race discrimination, can only be accomplished
by the method laid down by Karl Marx, then that method deserves to be
triumphant no matter what we think or do.
Among other Communist-front organizations which Dr. DuBois has
seen fit to associate himself with are the Washington Book Shop,
American Labor Party, the Cahfornia Labor School, and the Jefferson
School of Social Science.
It is worth while to examine the background of Abbott Simon, the
aggressive executive secretary of the Peace Information Center.
He originally headed the Youth Industrial Branch of the Communist
Party in the city of Chicago. He has apparently served as a handy
man for the Communist Party in a number of its front projects.
From 1937 to 1940, he acted as the legislative director of the American
Youth Congress, which will be remembered as having booed the
President of the United States on the White House lawn during the
Stalin-Hitler pact. According to the Daily Worker of February 22,
1937, pages 1 and 4, Simon was arrested, with William Hinckley,
national chahman of the American Youth Congress, during this
demonstration. In 1938 Simon was chosen to represent the American
Youth Congress as a delegate to the World Youth Congress.
In 1940 Simon became acting secretary of the Committee To
Defend America by Keeping Out of War, formed to support the line
of the Stalin-Hitler pact. After World War II the Communist Party
line changed to marked hostility toward the United States. Foremost
in this campaign was a front organization known as the National Win
the Peace Committee, with Abbott Simon as its national director.
When this outfit folded up, Mr. Simon reappeared as field director
of the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship. All these
organizations have been cited as subversive by the Attorney General.
With this record, Mr. Simon's appointment as head of the "peace"
campaign is fully understandable.
Abbott Simon resides with his brother in a five-room, two-terraced
penthouse apartment at 21 East Eighty-seventh Street, New York
City, which is used from time to time for Communist-front meetings.
He was an enrolled member of the Communist-controlled American
Labor Party in 1947 and 1948.
AMERICAN COMMENTS ON SIGNATURE CAMPAIGN
W Reactions to the Communist-inspired "peace" petition campaign
were overwhelmingly hostile among loyal American organizations.
Some of the individuals in the United States who sponsored the
Communist Stockholm Appeal will be found listed in appendix XII
to this report.
The following are among the statements issued by loyal American
The Communist fifth column is behind the so-called "peace petitions" now
being circulated in the United States, National Commander George N. Craig
of the American Legion charged today (July 9, 1950).
"This is a coldly calculated, Kremlin-directed plot to soften up the minds,
morale, and will power of the American people to resist aggression," Commander
Craig asserted in an appeal to all citizens to ignore such petitions.
"The circulation of these petitions, whether they call for outlawing of atomic
weapons or for peace at any cost, is a desperate bid to swerve the American
people from resolute action to wishful thinking. It is a masterful psychological
stroke designed to accomplish two Communist objectives.
"In the United States the purpose of these petitions is to embarrass our Gov-
ernment and to disrupt our national unity.
"Abroad the aim of such petitions is to show up America as the enemy of peace
on the basis of worthless papers addressed to no one and bearing the names of mil-
lions of Red slaves and dupes in other areas of the world.
"The petitions are being circulated in the United States through numerous
Communist-front organizations which masquerade under civic, economic, social,
racial, religious, or humanitarian labels. Anyone having even the slightest doubt
about a group that is trying to get his signature should contact the National
Americanism Commission of the American Legion in Indianapolis for advice."
AMEKICAN FEDERATION OP LABOR
The American Federation of Labor vigorously condemns~the so-called Stock-
holm Peace Appeal as a rank fraud.
We urge every workingman and workingwoman to spurn the peddlers of this
We call upon every loyal American, every true lover of peace, to refuse to sign
or circulate it.
We cannot urge too strongly every self-respecting American to treat those who
are the organizers of this "Stockholm movement" and the purveyors of its petitions
as enemies of the American people operating under false colors.
Not only in far-off Korea do enemies of the American people disguise themselves
as Americans. In our own country, in our factories, shops, offices, churches,
schools, and on our streets, enemies of America also disguise themselves and
pose as Americans.
Camouflage is a Communist weapon of war which can be just as deadly against
our sons and brothers in the U. S. as in Korea. The so-called Stockholm Petition
is precisely such a weapon.
The fake peace petition does not oppose all aggression with all weapons. It
singles out only one weapon — the one in which our country still holds the lead
and which provides our country and the other democracies with a measure of
military security against the gigantic Russian war machine.
Were these fake peace maneuvers to succeed, were the U. S. to fall into the
Russian bear trap of banning atomic weapons — while Russia rejects America's
48 THE COMMUNIST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE
plan for their effective international inspection, control and elimination — the
possibility for Communist world domination by the Soviets would be enormously
enhanced. That is just what the petition promoters and the sinister signature
Cruel confirmation of this strategy of the Stockholm petitioners is at hand in
Korea; that is why the Communist drive for signatures coincides with the Moscow-
directed invasion of South Korea. It was carefully planned to hide and help the
brutal aggression of the Soviet dictators against the people of Korea, the American
people, and the United Nations as an effective agency of world peace.
The Communists are not waging a peace offensive. The Communists are
waging an offensive against peace, liberty, and social progress. The American
Federation of Labor is confident that organized labor will lead the Nation in
unmasking and upbraiding those enemies within our country with the same
determination that our armed forces are fighting against the Communist enemy
from without (AFL Weekly News Service, August 11, 1950).
Congress of Industrial Organizations
CIO Executive Board,
Washington, D. C, August 29, 1950.
Currently there is being circulated widely throughout the United States, and
particularly among trade-union members, a so-called "Peace Petition." This
document was drafted by a so-called "World Peace Congress" held in Stockholm,
Sweden, March 15 to 19, 1950. Announcement of this petition campaign was
first given to the world in a publication entitled "For a Lasting Peace, For a
Peoples' Democracy." This publication is one of the official organs of the Infor-
mation Bureau of the Communist Party known as the Cominform.
As could be expected, the American Communist Party accepted the Cominform
directive and launched its own peace petition with an announcement in the Daily
Worker on June 11, 1950. Every American Communist has been ordered officially
to join in a "nation-wide drive for millions of signatures." The document is
headed "Your Hand Can Stop Atomic War."
Despite the fact that the Communists and their dupes in this country are
presently condoning, defending, and supporting the present aggressive sneak at-
tack by Communists on the South Korean Republic, they continue nevertheless
to offer this specious document as an appeal to "men of good will." Behind the
document stands the usual Communist fog of misrepresentation, deceit, and
An analysis of the timing and wording of this "Petition" should alone establish
its origin as a piece of Communist propaganda.
The date of the Petition should be especially noted. It was drafted simul-
taneously with the plot against South Korea, and it was timed to tie the hands
of the United States and other peace-loving nations with propaganda ropes before
the vicious assault was made without warning on the Republic of South Korea.
The content of the document itself deals with atomic energy as a weapon of
war. It presumably calls for the outlawing of atomic war. Coupled with this
demand is a wholly misleading and lying appeal for international control of atomic
energy. Every American knows that our government and every other govern-
ment, with the exception of the Soviet Union and her satellites supports the
United Nations' formula for such control. The UN formula has been stymied by
the veto of the U. S. S. R. because it would require that government to open its
atomic energy operation to international inspection.
This alleged peace petition says nothing about general disarmament because
that, of course, would involve the tremendous Red Armies that are being kept
under arms, and it would also involve the disarmament by the Soviet Union of
its North Korean satellite.
This Executive Board denounces the Stockholm Peace Petition and its com-
munist-directed variations as a vicious fraud intended to mislead the American
people and particularly union members.
At the same time we point out that peace can be attained only through the
prevalence of justice and decent treatment of all peoples. We again call our
CIO programs to the attention of Congress, to other political leaders, and to the
'leaders of American industry.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 4'9^
We believe that peace resides in the political and economic security of the
individual. We reiterate our firm conviction that workers assured of a good
livelihood through full employment, through protection against ill health and"
penury in old age, along with freedom from exploitation and extortion, will not
succumb to the vicious slave doctrines of Communism or any other kind of aggres-
INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS
"Do you know that the men who inspired this hypocritical peace appeal — the
leaders of the Cominform who take their orders from the Kremlin — are the same
men who are actively supporting the invasion of Korea?"
That is one of the questions addressed by President Paul Finet and Secretary
J. H. Oldenbroek of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions in
an open letter to those who have signed the Stockholm "peace" petition. Other
questions asked in the letter are:
"Do you agree that the democratic way of life is worth saving and that it can
only be saved, and at the same time war averted, if the democracies are strong
enough to defend themselves, and to back up the decisions of the United Nations,
which exists to prevent aggression and to ensure collective security?
"Do you not also agree that the risk of further aggression will be greatly reduced
if it is made clear to the would-be aggressors that they will find no allies or dupes
within the democratic countries; and that the refusal of any support to Com-
munist fifth-column agents — under whatever 'peaceful' guise they may be mas-
querading — is a vital condition for the maintenance of peace?
"Is it not evident that peace will only be finally secured when democracy is
introduced or restored to the peoples who are now condemned to silence in the
slave regimes behind the iron curtain, and when the ordinary peace-loving Russian,
Pole, and Czech regains control over his government?
"We cannot — ^if we wanted — compel you to answer 'Yes' under threat of
deportation and forced labor. We can only appeal to your reason and good will.
"But on the answers you — friends of peace and freedom everywhere — find
to these questions, and on your firmness in resisting Communist aggression, will
depend the happiness of vou and your children for generations to come" (CIO
News. September 25, 1950, p. 8).
Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish Groups
From: P'ederal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, 297 Fourth
Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.
National Catholic Welfare Conference, 1312 Massachusetts Avenue
NW., Washingt,on, D. C.
Synaoocue Council of America, 110 West42d Street, New York, N. Y.
(For release in a. m.'s Thursday, August 3, 1950)
We are heartily in sympathy with every genuine proposal in the pursuit of
international peace. We warn the people of America, however, to be on guard
lest they be misled by the so-called "Stockholm Appeal" now being circulated by
Communist and pro-Communist groups. This spurious peace petition, which
has already deceived many weU-meaning people here and abroad, is a camouflage
designed to confuse the free societies and to conceal the aggressive policies re-
vealed in the invasion of Korea. It is these aggressive policies and actual aggres-
sion which constitute the greatest menace to world peace.
Genuine peace requires practical recognition of the fact that not only individu-
als but nations, states and international society, are subject to the sovereignty of
God and to the moral law which comes from God. Genuine peace requires of
every people :
(1) Renunciation of the use of war or threats of force as an instrument of
(2) Loyal adherence to the solemn obhgations of the United Nations charter
for the maintenance of international peace and security and the peaceful settle-
ment of disputes.
(3) Respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for-
(4) Participation in positive programs of the United Nations for the common
welfare and better standards of life.
50 THE COMMUlSriST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE.
(5) Acceptance of international agreements for the effective reduction and
regulation of armaments, including atomic weapons, by all nations, through a
trustworthy system of international inspection and control.
We urge men of good will to support these objectives of a genuine program for
Rabbi Bernard J. Bamberger, New York, President, Synagogue Coun-
cil of America; Rev. Dr. Samuel McCrea Cavert, New York,
General Secretary, Federal Council of Churches; Rt. Rev. Msgr.
Frederick G. Hochwalt, Washington, Director, Department of
Education, National Catholic Welfare Conference; Rabbi Morris
Kertzer, New York, Chairman, Social Action Committee, Syn-
agogue Council of America; Rev. Raymond A. McGowan, Wash-
ington, Director, Social Action Department, National Catholic
Welfare Conference; Bishop John S. Stamm, Harrisburg, Pa.,
Bishop of the Evangelical United Brethren Church, President,
Federal Council of Churches.
August 2, 1950.
July 24, 1950.
WASHINGTON, July 24 (NC)— The Stockholm "Peace Appeal" is a well-
organized Communist propaganda ruse to exploit the universal desire for peace,
the World Order Committee of the CathoUc Association for International Peace
has declared in a statement issued today.
Among members of the committee issuing the statement are: Archbishop
Robert E. Lucey of San Antonio; Bishop John J. Wright of Worcester, Mass.;
the Rev. Benjamin L. Masse, S. J., associate editor of the weekly review, Amer-
ica; Mary J. Workman of Los Angeles, and Anna Dill Gamble of York, Pa.
The statement was also approved by members of the CAIP executive commit-
tee, including: Judge Charles Fahy of the United States Circuit Court of Appeals
for the District of Columbia, who is a former member of the United States dele-
gation to the United Nations; Brendan F. Brown, dean of the law school of the
Catholic University of America, and Prof. Paul S. Lietz of Loyola University at
The Communist Party in the United States announced that the campaign for
signatures to the appeal in this country is one of its major current activities, the
statement of the committee said. It added:
"It is a propaganda ruse because it is not a sincere effort on the part of the
Communists to attain peace. The United Nations has before it a good proposal
for the international control of atomic energy which the United States and a ma-
jority of other nations are willing to accept. The U. S. S. R. has not only refused
to accept it, but has also failed to propose an alternative which would be anywhere
near effective or which could by any stretch of the imagination be termed 'strict
international control' (as called for in the Stockholm Appeal).
"The natural desire of the peoples throughout the world for peace has been
intensified by the fear of an atomic war. However, it does not necessarily follow
that security against an atomic war will mean that the world will have the peace
it wants and must have. There must be security against all war — war with con-
ventional armaments as well as atomic war — there must be security against op-
pression and against the degradation of the human person.
"The establishment and maintenance of peace requires more than the absence
of war — it requires constant adherence to and application of positive measures,
based on the principles of justice and charity and on the true recognition of the
inherent dignity of the human person."
USE OF FRONT ORGANIZATIONS
As previously noted, Communists sought to enlist non-Communists
and even anti-Communists into aiding the phon}^ "peace" campaign
within the United States. Since Communist-front organizations have
been successfully employed to dupe such persons into other Commu-
nist projects, it is not surprising to find that fronts were again employed
to further the current "peace" movement.
The front, it might be recalled, is an organization which has been
created or captured by Communists to do the party's work in special
fields. By hiding the fact that they control these organizations, the
Communists are able to spread their vicious influence among people
who would never cooperate with Communists.
In the earlier stages of the present "peace" campaign, the Com-
munists in the United States utilized an existing front organization
which had been formed to spread the party line among scientific and
cultural groups in this country. This organization w^as the National
Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions, previously described
in this report as a sponsor of a peace conference in New York City in
To push their "peace" campaign, the Communists also marshaled
the forces of many other fronts already in existence here. At the
same time, the Communists created new "peace" fronts designed to
ensnare support from leaders in such fields as civic affairs, religion,
American Peace Crusade
With the dissolution of the Peace Information Center, the Com-
munists established a new instrument for their "peace" offensive in
the United States. This is known as the American Peace Crusade,
admittedly organized in January 1951, and installed in national head-
quarters at 1186 Broadway, New York 1, N. Y.
W. E. B. DuBois, who had served as chairman of the Peace Infor-
mation Center, was among the initial sponsors of the American Peace
Crusade, according to the Daily Worker of February 1, 1951, page 2.
The formation of the new front organization was announced for the
first time in this same issue of the Daily Worker, with the usual bold
headlines reserved for projects inJine with the Communist objectives.
Other initial sponsors of the American Peace Crusade included the
following known Communists: Paul Robeson, Ben Gold, Howard
Fast, Alex Sirota, Albert Kahn, Maurice Travis, Harry Bridges,
Ernest DeMaio, and Herbert Biber.man. Numerous other indi-
viduals who were found supporting such Communist "peace" activi-
ties as the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace in
March 1949 are also associated with the current American Peace
Crusade. Letterheads and leaflets of the American Peace Crusade,
as well as Daily Worker and Daily People's World articles, listing
sponsors of the organization, are attached to this report as appendix
52 THE COMMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE
Abbott Simon, the executive secretary of the now defunct Peace-
Information Center, also plays a leading role in the new organiza-
tion. He has handled publicity for the American Peace Crusade,
and has served as a fund raiser — a function which will be described
in more detail later in this report.
Two projects adopted almost immediately by the new front organi-
zation were a "Peace Pilgrimage" to Washington, D. C, and a Nation-
wide "Peace Poll." Both boldly called for American smrender to
Communist aggression, and for betrayal of American boys fighting in
Korea. As announced in the Daily Worker of February 1, 1951, the
"Peace Pilgrimage" was scheduled to descend upon Washington in
March to demand from Congress and the executive agencies of the
Government that the Americans "abandon the futile conflict in Korea"'
and recognize the "right" of the Chinese Communists to sit in the
United Nations. The "peace" ballot, which the organization an-
nounced it was circulating on a national scale, asked the single,
insidious question: "Are you for bringing our troops back from Korea
and for making peace with China now?"
The Daily Worker and the Daily People's World gave generous
publicity to the American Peace Crusade throughout the month of
February. The Communist newspaper claimed "snowballing" sup-
port for the front organization's program. The Daily Worker of
February 22, 1951, page 2, listed the following local "peace" front
organizations in the San Francisco area as participating in the cam-
paign of the APC: the Northern California Committee for Peaceful
Alternatives; the Palo Alto Peace Club; and the San Francisco Labor
Conference for Peace. On February 25, 1951, page 2, the Daily
Worker announced support for the American Peace Crusade from
such local Communist fronts as the East Bay Peace Committee of
Oakland, Calif., and the World Peace Circle of Holljrwood, Calif.
Another specialized "peace" front of the Communist Party — the
American Veterans for Peace — eventually sent 100 delegates to the
"Peace" Pilgrims ;2,e sponsored by the American Peace Crusade,
according to the Daily Worker of March 16, 1951, page 9, and the
Daily People's Worid, March 16, 1951, pages 1 and 8.
The so-called "Pilgrimage" to Washington, D. C, was originally
scheduled to be held on March 1, 1951, but was actually staged on
March 15, 1951. The Daily Worker on March 15, 1951, page 3,
announced that more than 2,000 persons from every section of the
country from Maine to California would converge that day on the
Nation's Capital. In line with standard Communist practice, the
Communist fellow travelers and dupes who made up the delegations
were represented by the Daily Worker as "representatives from union,
farm, veterans', peace, women's, professional, and other groups."
Upon theu' arrival in Washington, these "peace" delegates pro-
ceeded according to a schedule which began with lobbying visits to
Congressmen and Senators in the morning. Delegations were also
sent to various executive departments of the United States Govern-
ment, including the Justice Department, where a group protested the
prosecution of Dr. W. E. B. DuBois for failure to register as a foreign
agent as head of the Peace Information Center.
A plenary session in the afternoon at Turner's Arena, 1341 W Street
NW., Washington, D. C, according to the official program of the
"Pilgrimage," was addressed by Dr. Philip Morrison, whose record is.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 53
included in a subsequent section of this report, and Dr. Clementina
J. Paolone, chairman of the Communist front, the American Women
for Peace. State and city delegation nieetings, as well as special
caucuses, followed the plenary session in Turner's Arena on the
afternoon of March 15.
The "peace" pilgrimage concluded with a public rally attended by
some 1,500 persons at Turner's Arena on the evening of March 15.
A militant call to treason was clearly sounded at this rally, which was
addi-essed by such individuals as: Paul Robeson, Mrs. Therese Robin-
son, Dr. Clementina J. Paolone, Prof. Robert Morss Lovett, and
Douglas Glasgow, full-time director of the Youth Sponsoring Com-
mittee of the American Peace Crusade. Master of ceremonies at the
rally was Dr. Philip Morrison. The fund-raising speech, typical of
all Communist-front gatherings, was presented on this occasion by
Abbott Simon, former executive secretary of the Peace Information
Mrs. Therese Robinson was loudly applauded for a speech which
dealt with her trip to the Second World Peace Congress, held in
Warsaw, Poland, in November 1950, and also with a subsequent
trip to the Soviet Union, for which she had nothing but praise. Paul
Robeson, who was greeted by the audience with a chant which began
"Robeson is our leader," also delivered a Communist Party line speech
in which he haded the "magnificent" example of the Chinese Com-
munists and the "first peoples' government — the land of the Soviets."
Mr. Robeson told a cheering audience that they were not assembled to
"ask" for peace but to "impose" peace if necessary. Prolonged ap-
plause greeted Douglas Glasgow when he denounced the United States
for "war mongering" and for committing "atrocities" against the
Korean "people." "We youth of America," he declared, "shall not
become the gun fodder * * * Qf the Achesons and the Dulles and
Some 100 "trade union" members who were delegates to the Amer-
ican Peace Crusade Pilgrimage in Washington held a session on March
16, according to the Daily Worker of March 19, 1951, page 4. They
met under the chairmanship of Marcel Scherer, New York coordinator
of the National Labor Conference for Peace.
The "sponsors" of the "Peace Pilgrimage" announced during the
coui'se of their sessions in Washington, D. C, that the American
Peace Crusade's next venture would be a "Nation-wide congress" to
be held in Chicago, 111., on June 1 and 2, 1951, according to the Daily
Worker of March 16, 1951, page 1.
In addition to the demands for a withdrawal of American forces
from Korea and the recognition of Communist China, the pilgrimage
had lobbied against the extension of the draft, universal military train-
ing, the sending of American troops to Europe, and rearmament of
The parallel between this present crusade and the American Peace
Crusade of 1940, which was a section of the American Peace Mobiliza-
tion and which was opposed to American military defense efforts dur-
ing the Stalin-Hitler Pact, is unmistakable. Oddly enough, a number
of signers of the call for the American Peace Crusade "Pilgrimage" of
1951 were likewise supporters of the American Peace Mobilization,
namely Paul Robeson, Abraham Cronbach, Abram Flaxer, Rockwell
Kent, Ernest De Maio, Ben Gold, and the Reverend Walter A.
54 THE COMMUNIST "PEiAC'E" OFFENSIVE
MARYLAND COMMITTEE FOR PEACE
An example of the deceit of the Communist Party as to the true
character of organizations it has created is iUustrated by the Maryland
Committee for Peace/ Within a month after the Maryland Com-
mittee for Peace was formed, over 34 persons it had duped into being
One of the sponsors, Victor Lowe, an associate professor of philoso-
phy at Johns Hopkms University, resigned in protest after an adver-
tisement circulated by the Maryland Committee for Peace called for
the outlawmg of the atomic bomb. In his resignation, Mr. Lowe
stated: "The idea of outlaw without effective enforcement agencies
would amount at best to another Kellogg Pact, and, at worst, would
help Russia but not the United States or the cause of peace."
That the Maryland Committee for Peace has listed as sponsors
individuals without authorization is evidenced by the case of Ion
Carstoiu. Mr. Carstoiu, a mathematics teacher at Johns Hopkins
University, has stated: "They have been using my name without my
authorization." A Rumanian, Mr. Carstoiu continued: "The reason
I'm out of Rumania is that I'm against the Communists."
The committee assumes that there are many other individuals whose
names have been used by "peace" front organizations who fall into
the categories of Mr. Lowe and Mr. Carstoiu. The committee re-
quests that all mdividuals who have been listed as sponsors of Com-
munist "peace" fronts without theii- consent, or who have withdrawn
from sponsorship in protest against the purpose of these organizations,
notify the committee in order that the committee's records may be
Persons who have resigned from the Maryland Committee for P^ace
Prof. Don Cameron Allen Sibyl Mandell
Dr. Edgar F. Berman Rev. Ivan Nangle
Rev. H. Fairfield Butt III J. Harold Passmore
Rev. Albert E. Day Rev. Joseph N. Pedrick
Rev. W. F. Foster' Rabbi Manuel M. Poliakoff
Rabbi Louis Friedlander Rev. Joscob F. Replogle
Rev. Frederick W. Heifer Rabbi Abraham Shusterman
Rev. Paul W. Kinsel Aaron Sopher
Rev. Norris A. Lineweaver Rabbi Israel Tabak
Marylanders who have withdrawn from the national organiza-
Rev. Joseph N. Pedrick Prof. J. A. Oliver
Dr. Miles W. Connor
Another new front created by the Communists was known as the
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact.
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact
The aggressive and hostile policies of the Soviet Union since the
end of World War II resulted in the signing of a defense treaty by
12 democratic western nations, including the United States. Known
as the North Atlantic defense pact, this agreement was designed to
provide the basis for effective collective action to restore and maintain
• See appendix XI to this report for a list of sponsors to a Maryland Committee for Peace.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 55
the security of the North Atlantic area if an armed attack should
occur. The pact was signed on April 14, 1949.
The pact naturally met with bitter opposition from the Soviet
Union. It became a special target in the huge, Moscow-directed
movement which paraded under the name of "peace" but which was
actually intended to weaken the defenses of the non-Communist world.
Communists in the United States did their part in the Moscow
campaign by instigating a Conference for Peaceful Alternatives to
the Atlantic Pact, allegedly held in July 1949 in Washington, D. C.
This resulted in the formation of a front organization known as the
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact.
The proposal for a conference against the Atlantic Pact seems to
have first blossomed forth publicly in the Daily Worker of May 11,
1949. It was ostensibly formulated by a committee of five individuals:
Albert Einstein of Princeton; Thomas Mann of California; Emily
Green Balch of Wellesley, Mass.; Bishop W. J. Walls of Chicago; and
Reverend Edwin Dahlberg of Syracuse, New York. That these
individuals actually traveled from the four corners of the continent
to confer on this plan is doubtful.
Preparatory to the formal establislmient of this "peace" front,
various preliminary conferences were called and statements issued
which were featured and supported by the Daily Worker.
According to its issue of June 28, 1949, 55 Negro religious leaders
called upon President Truman "to reject the military concept con-
tained in the North Atlantic pact," in a statement issued through the
Fraternal Council of Churches in America, claiming to represent
7,000,000 Negro church members of 11 denominations. William H.
Jernagin, in charge of its Washington Bureau, is a perennial supporter
of Communist "peace" fronts as well as their other front organizations.
Thus, he has supported the American League for Peace and Democracy,
the Win-the-Peace Conference, and the World Peace Appeal. He has
also supported such Communist fronts as the Council on African
Affairs, the Washington Committee for Democratic Action, the
National Council of American Soviet Friendship, the Southern
Conference for Human Welfare, the Civil Rights Congress, the
United Negro and Allied Veterans, the National Federation for
Constitutional Liberties, the National Negro Congress, and the
Washington Citizens Committee To Free Earl Browder.
On July 12, 1949, this Communist organ carried an announcement
of an "open letter to President Truman and Members of the Senate,"
condemning the North Atlantic pact and allegedly signed by "75
theological students, young ministers, and other religious youth
leaders." Young ministers joining in the call were Rev. Ralph Hall
Collis, Rev. Massie Kennard, Metropolitan Community Church;
Rev. Robert T. Prater, Manhattan, III; Rev. Wilfred G. Scioyies,
Marlboro Presbyterian Church; and Rev. Lluellen Clinkscales, Jr.,
Beth Eden Baptist Church.
Others included Ervin F. Block, secretary-treasurer of Christian
Rural Fellowship; Don Heap, delegate to the 1947 Oslo World Con-
ference of Christian Youth; Wahace B. Poteat, president, Baptist
Divinity House; Herbert Vetter, president, Meadville Students
Association; Austin B. Creil, president, B .ptist Club, Northwestern
University; Elizabeth Fulton, president, YWCA, Northwestern
University; and Esko Loewen, editor, Mennonite Youth.
56 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
A Conference on Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact was
called thereafter in early July 1949 in Washington, D. C, according
to the Daily Worker. The names of civic, church, labor, and com-
munity organizations were associated with the conference as if they
were officially represented, although the initiating letter referred to
the conference as a "nondelegated meeting."
Subsequent to this conference, the new front movement conducted
its activities for a time under the title "Continuations Committee of
the Conference for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact." Its
-executive secretary was listed as Miss Jule T. Bouchard, of New
York City. Soon, however, the group formally designated itself as
the Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact, and
under these auspices a barrage of mass meetings and "open letters"
was loosened upon the American public.
A letterhead of the front organization dated September 16, 1950,
lists headquarters at 30 North Dearborn Street, Chicago 2, 111., and
names the following officers:
Honorary chairmen: Thomas Mann and Bishop W. J. Walls
Cochairmen: Rabbi Abraham Cronbach, Prof. Kermit Eby, Dr. W. H. Jernagin,
and Dean John B. Thompson
Chairman of the board: Prof. Robert J. Havighurst
Vice chairmen: Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Dr. Mark A. Dawber, Mrs,
Welthy H. Fisher, Dr. D. V. Jemison, Dr. Halford Luccock, Dr. Albert Palmer,
Prof. Linus Pauling, and Rev. Franklin I. Sheeder
Rev. J. Burt Bouwman Mr. Hugo Leaming
Rabbi Stanley Brav Rev. Donald Mathews
Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan Dr. George Mecklenberg
Rev. M. E. Dorr Miss Renee Shapiro
Prof. Harl Douglas Rev. Robert Stone
Hon. Clifford Durr Mrs. M. E. Tilly
Rabbi Alvin Fine Dr. Willard Uphaus
Rabbi Oscar Fleishaker Rev. Edgar M. Wahlberg
Dr. George Fowler Dr. Lorell Weiss
Rev. Edgar Jackson Rev. Wayne White
Rev. Massie Kennard Mr. Aubrey Williams
The Daily Worker of July 15, 1949, carried an announcement by
Rev. John B. Thompson, dean of the Rockefeller Chapel of the
University of Chicago, that a Chicago Committee for Peaceful
Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact had been organized with Dr.
Thompson as its provisional chairman. Dr. Thompson has had
much experience in organizing Communist "peace" fronts.
During the period of the Stalin-Hitler pact, the Communists
initiated first the Committee to Defend America by Keeping Out of
War with John B. Thompson as temporary chairman, the Emergency
Peace Mobilization of which he was chairman, and finally the Ameri-
can Peace Mobilization of which he was also chairman. In addition.
Dr. Thompson has been a supporter of Communist fronts operating
in other fields: The American Committee for Protection of Foreign
Born, the People's Institute of Applied Religion, the Southern Con-
ference for Human Welfare, the New Theatre League, and the
magazine Soviet Russia Today.
The following executive committee of the Chicago Committee for
Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact was announced (we have
added the number of fronts with which each person was previously
connected): Prof. Robert J. Havighurst, of the University of Chicago
THE COMMimiST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
(3); Truman Kirkpatrick, of the Friends Service Committee and
Bishop W. J. Walls (7) ; Russell Ballard, director of Hull House (2) ;
Earl Bronson, of Evanston; Prof. Curtis D. MacDougall, of North-
western University (8); Rabbi Samuel Teitelbaum, of the Hillel
Foundation of Evanston; Dr. Maud Slye, of the University of Chi-
cago (7); Rev. Wilfred Wakefield, First Congi-egation Church, Brook-
field (2) ; Dr. R. Citron and Albert G. Watson, of the Fellowship of
On August 21, 1949, the Continuations Committee of the Confer-
ence on Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact issued an open
letter calling for "the defeat of President Truman's arms program."
It was sent to every member of the United States Senate. Some
850 persons were listed as signers of the open letter, 572 of them
allegedly "religious" leaders.
Under the sponsorship of the Committee for Peaceful Alternatives
to the Atlantic Pact, a public statement to President Truman was
released on December 14, 1949. It repeated the fraudulent "peace"
propaganda being issued from Moscow. The committee claimed
that nearly 1,000 persons signed this statement and described the
signers as "clergymen, educators, v\Titers, civic and labor leaders."
At least 60 of these were known members of the pro-Communist
Methodist Federation for Social Action.
The signers of one or both of the afore-mentioned statements also
included the following individuals who have been affiliated with such a
significant number of Communist fronts that they may be said to
constitute a body of reliable and consistent supporters of Communist
Lee H. Ball
Edward K. Barsky
Elmer A. Benson
John T. Bernard
Lyman R. Bradley
Anton J. Carlson
John W. Darr
James A. Dombrowski
Dorothy W. Douglas
W. E. B. DuBois
Thomas I. Emerson
Stephen H. Fritchman
Josiah W. Gitt
B. Z. Goldberg
Nora K. Harris
W. A. Hunton
Oakley C. Johnson
CHfford T. McAvoy
Bernard V. McGroarty
Jack R. McMichael
William Howard Melish
Clyde R. Miller
Philip D. Morrison
0. John Rogge
Frederich L. Schuman
1. F. Stone
Fred W. Stover
Mary Church Terrell
John B. Thompson
Jeannett S. Turner
Harry F. Ward
Colston E. Warns
The lists of signers further include the follomng who are publicly
known as members of the Communist Party; who are described as
members in sworn testimony by competent witnesses; or who are on
record as having refused to affirm or deny Communist Party mem-
bership (all of these persons except Louise Berman and Howard Fast
were signers of both the open letter of August 21, 1949, and the
statement on December 14, 1949):
Ben Gold, president of the International Fur and Leather Workers Union, who
allegedly resigned from the Communist Party to comply with the Taft-Hartley
Act. This union was expelled from the CIO because of its Communist character.
58 THE COMMUlSriST "PElAC'E" OFFEISTSIVE
Max Perlow, secretary-treasurer of the United Furniture Workers of America,
who also allegedly resigned from the Communist Party to comply with the
Eliot White, an Episcopalian clergyman.
Abram Flaxer, president of the United Public Workers of America. This union
was expelled from the CIO because of its Communist character.
Elizabeth Sasuly, legislative representative of the Food, Tobacco, Agricultural
and Allied Workers, which was expelled from the CIO because of its Com-
Arthur Osman, president, Independent Wholesale and Warehouse Workers of
America, Local 65.
Albert Maltz, convicted for contempt of Congress.
Dalton Trumbo, convicted for contempt of Congress.
Howard Fast, convicted for contempt of Congress.
Donald Henderson, president of the Food, Tobacco, Agricultural and Allied
Workers of America, which was expelled from the CIO because of its Communist
Abraham Lederman, president. Teachers Union, Local 555 of the United Public
Workers of America, suspended by the New York City Board of Education.
Ralph H. Gundlach, dismissed from the University of Washington.
Agnes Smedley (deceased).
Dirk J. Struik.
Albert E. Kahn.
Louise R. Berman.
The signers include the following supporters of the American Peace
Mobilization which picketed the White House in the days of the
Louise Bransten (now Berman) Rev. Armand Guerrero
William Harrison Ehzabeth Moos
Leon Strauss Eliot White
Abraham Cronbach John DeBoer
Abram Flaxer Langston Hughes
Jack R. Mc Michael Hugh DeLacy
Again in February 1950, the aforementioned committee decided to
exert pressure upon the American Government through an open letter
to President Truman. This was signed by "100 notables" urging
direct American-Soviet talks to avert "atomic catastrophe." This
same line was also being urged in the Daily Worker.
On August 17, 1949, the Daily Worker disclosed that an "emer-
gency people's hearing" would be held at the Hotel Willard in Wash-
ington, D. C, on August 24 under the auspices of the Continuations
Committee of the Conference for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic
Pact. Among the initiators listed were Bishop William J. Walls of
the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and the Rev. John B.
Thompson. The meeting, the Daily Worker assured its readers,
would demand the defeat of President Truman's "arms program."
Featured speaker at the "emergency" hearing on August 24 was
James Waterman Wise, who has been connected with at least 17
other Communist fronts. The gathering also provided an excuse for
a delegation to call upon U. S. Senators to pressure them against the
military appropriations bill. Included in the delegation were Joseph
Karsner; A^Iiss Jule Bourchard, secretary of the Continuations Com-
mittee; and Rev. Jack Telford of Milwaukee.
MID-CENTURY CONFERENCE FOR PEACE
Encouraged by its success in drawing dupes into its campaign, the
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact launched a
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 59
more ambitious project under the high-sounding title of the Mid-
Century Conference for Peace. ^ This was held at the St. James
Methodist Church in Chicago on May 29 and 30. 1950.
The avowed purpose was to pressure "the President and the
Congress of the United States to undertake negotiations with the
government of the Soviet Union" and demand that the "United
States delegation to the United Nations" present "positive proposals
for peace." In plain terms, the conference was aimed at assembling
as many gullible persons as possible under Communist direction and
turning them into a vast sounding board for Communist propaganda.
The Daily Worker claimed that anywhere from 650 to 750 dele-
gates attended the Mid-Century Conference for Peace. They were
represented as being "leaders" in the fields of religion, labor, youth,
education, business, and women's and fraternal groups. Youth was
listed as comprising one-third of the entire delegation.
In an article which appeared in the New Leader of July 22, 1950,
A. J. Muste, secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a pacifist
group, pointed out in reference to the Mid-Century Conference for
Peace that —
none of the recognized pacifist organizations participated in or endorsed the
conference. This applies to the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the War Resisters
League, the American Friends Service Committee, the Brethren Service Com-
mittee, the Mennonite Central Committee, and all of the nine or more denomina-
tional pacifist fellowships including the Jewish Pacifist Fellowship.
The sponsors of the Mid-Century Conference included a number of
the usual supporters of Communist fronts such as Jerome Davis,
Corliss Lamont, and Carey Mc Williams, with from 41 to 50 Com-
munist-front affiliations; Cliftord Odets, with at least 34; Kntley
Mather, Elmer Benson, Guy Emery Shipler, and Colston E. Warne,
with 21 to 30; Dorothy Brewster, Anton J. Carlson, W. E. B. DuBois,
Stephen H. Fritchman, Leo Krzycki, Harlow Shapley, Oswald
Veblen, I. F. Stone, and E. Franldin Frazier, with from 11 to 20.
Sponsors also included Louis Goldblatt, Donald Henderson, and
Claude Williams, whose Communist Party memberships are a matter
of public record, and James Durkin, recently expelled from the CIO
because of his Communist activity. All sessions were attentively
covered by Joseph Starobin, head of the "peace committee" of the
Communist Party and foreign news editor of the Daily Worker.
The Rev. John B. Thompson, whose record has been previously
cited in this report, was the key figure at the Mid-Century Confer-
ence. In its "keynote session" he outlined the "History of the
Conference." At the next session he acted as chairman. He was
also a member of the program committee of the conference.
Unfortunately for the Communists, the conference did not work
out quite as smoothly as planned. The controlling hand of the Com-
munists over the meeting had been exposed even before the session
began and proved to be a source of considerable embarrassment to
the Communists before the conference was over.
The first bombshell exploded on the Communists when the Rev.
Donald Harrington of New York withdrew as a conference sponsor
a few days before it opened and made the following public statement:
The stark fact is that the American Communist movement not only is willing
to resort to a ny method or subterfuge to accomplish its purposes, but also it takes
' Sec appendix XII to this report for the official "Cair* to the Mid-Century Conference for Peace.
60 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
orders directly from Moscow and functions as an American arm of the Soviet
At this moment, though the international Communist movement is waging
war, both cold and hot, and engaged in violence in many parts of the world, the
American Communists have launched an exceedingly widespread and well-
financed campaign for "peace."
The Communist Party line seems for a brief period to be running parallel with
the point of view of pacifists and liberals. Communists, operating through a
wide variety of "front" organizations, are seeking support of liberal and peace
leaders and seeking to give them their support.
They are not really interested in peace, but in appeasement. Their support
will be turned to sabotage the moment it serves Soviet policy for this to occur.
(New York Times, May 22, 1950, p. 19).
To meet this criticism, a press conference headed by the Rev.
John B. Thompson was hurriedly called in Chicago on May 29,
which rejected the charge of "left infiltration," but insisted that the
conference "would not bar anyone on the basis of political opinions."
This left the field clear for the activities of the Communist group
within the conference.
Dr. Thompson, in seeking to pour oil on the troubled waters,
insisted that the conference was not political. He urged that there
be no division with or discrimination against the Communists.
When the conference got under way, however, there were still
evidences of rebellion against the strict party line among the delegates.
As Starobin put it in the Worker of June 4, 1950, "There was plenty
of the common, garden variety of anti-Soviet slander."
The Communists were still willing to swallow all this in order to
accomplish their chief objectives. To avoid an open break, it was
decided that four work seminars would not bring in any definite
resolutions but rather a "consensus of opinion" by the moderators.
Among the things that irked the Communists was a statement
by Malcolm P. Sharp of the University of Chicago. In the past he
has cooperated with such Communist fronts as the International
Juridical Association, the American League Against War and Fascism,
the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, the Civil Rights
Congress in its defense of the Communist Party, the National Lawyers
Guild, Consumers Union, Midwest Committee for the Protection of
Foreign Born, Communist Club of the University of Chicago, Mem-
orial Day Youth Peace Parade, Lawyers Committee on American
Relations With Spain, and has signed a number of statements against
punitive measures directed at the Communist Party. However,
now he had the temerity to trod o1^ the beaten Red path to the extent
that he put the blame for the cold war on both the U. S. S. R. and the
To avoid any outright criticism of the Soviet Union by name,
which would not be well received in Moscow, the original draft of
the conference appeal had declared:
We at the Mid-Century have differing views on how the cold war came about.
We have differing judgments on many of the policies of our own Government,
and other governments.
To the embarrassment of the Communists, the conferees got out of
hand at this point and insisted upon the adoption of what Starobin
characterized as a "completely contradictory" addition. It read:
While we, the American people, have special responsibility to change the
policies of the American government which are continuing the cold war, we
assert that the Russian people have the same responsibility with respect to their
THE COMMIINnST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 61
Mr. Starobin rushed to explain to his Soviet superiors through the
columns of the Worker: "This came at a moment when the Confer-
ence was passing through its major crisis," when indeed issues were
raised "which could have split the gathering wide open."
Satisfied that the net result of the conference would be to exert
pressure upon the American Government and public, the Communists
swallowed this bitter pill and avoided a split among the delegates.
As a matter of record, Bernard Minter of the United Furniture
Workers, who had on a number of occasions defended Communists
under indictment, rose to present the Communist dissent. He
declared that Soviet policies have not made the cold war.
Despite this conflict, the harvest of anti-U. S. sentiment at the
conference was sufficient to satisfy Communist purposes. Willard
Uphaus, executive director of the conference, charged during the
proceedings that the United States had encircled Russia with bases
from which bombers could destroy her. He added, "We have used
our armed might and money to uphold Fascist regimes, mainly out
of fear and hate of the Soviet."
Philip Morrison, Cornell physicist, who has been active in defense
of indicted Communist leaders and in defaming the FBI, blasted the
Baruch plan for A-bomb control. According to Starobin, Alorrison
"received an ovation for this searching criticism of the State Depart-
ment's refusal to take up the challenge of the Soviet Union's atomic
proposals," which, by the way, had received the approval of only the
Soviet delegates and those of its satellites before the United Nations.
The Communists also succeeded in promoting Communist Party
propaganda far removed from the announced "peace" program of the
conference. Thus, the Civil Rights Panel of the conference discussed
the right to teach Marxism, the case of Communist Harry Bridges,
and the trial of the 11 Communist leaders (which was compared by
Clifford Durr, attorney m a number of Commmiist cases, to the
crucifixion of Christ). It was declared m the panel that "the attack
on the Communists is an attack on the civil liberties of all."
The importance attached to the Mid-Century Conference by the
Soviet Government is attested by the presence of representatives of
Tass and Pravda, official Russian news agencies, and Radio Moscow.
On June 3, 1950, the Moscow Soviet Home Service broadcast its
reaction to the proceedings as follows:
At the discussion which was held at the sessions of the four committees of the
conference the representatives of various sections of the population trenchantly
criticized the foreign policy of the ruling circles of the U. S. aimed at the con-
tinuation of the armaments race and at the preparation for a war. Delegates
from various states * * * spoke of the failure of the Marshall plan * * *
Despite the attempts of several persons to smooth the discussion over in the
committees * * * ^he recommendations adopted by these committees are
in their essence a condemnation of that aggressive total diplomacy announced by
Acheson * * * Numerous delegates protested in their speeches against the
police terrorism from which the Communist Party of the U. S. suffers.
A Communist Party directive, Plan of Work of National Com-
mittee, Communist Party, U. S. A., July 15 to Labor Day, 1950,
reproduced in appendix VIII, demanded that full support be given to
activities projected at the Mid-Century Conference of Peace in
EXPLOITATION OF RELIGION IN THE "pEACe" CAMPAIGN
J. Edgar Hoover has expressed "real apprehension" over the fact
that "Communists are able to secure ministers of the gospel to promote
62 THE COMMUNIST "PEiAC'E" OFFETSTSIVE
their evil work and espouse a cause that is alien to the religion of
Christ and Judaism."
The Committee on Un-American Activities has observed with
dismay the inordinately large proportion of clerics among the persons
who are aiding and supporting the cm-rent Communist "peace"
campaign in this country.
Unquestionably, many of those who participated were not aware
that they were thereby allying themselves with the Communists.
Regardless of the innocence of their motives, however, the committee
believes that these persons are rendering a serious disservice to their
country and in this connection should be acquainted with the following
For years the Communist Party has made a deliberate effort to
draw clergymen into its "peace" fronts, and achieved unusual success.
In the early thirties the party established the American League
Against War and Fascism, with Earl Browder, Communist Party
secretary, as one of its vice presidents. In a moment of frankness,
Browder admitted that "a large majority of the people in the American
League are religious people" and that "a growing number of religious
organizations have affiliated." The American League for Peace and
Democracy, its successor organization, boasted at least 52 clergymen
supporters, while the American Peace Mobilization, which picketed
the White House during the Stalin-Hitler pact, had 56 clergymen
associated with it. In 1946 the Communist "peace" front was the
Win-the-Peace Committee, which attracted 12 religious sponsors out
According to an official folder listing some of the signers of the
current World Peace Appeal, 265 American clergymen or professional
church workers were included in a total of 600 names.
The World Peace Congress' magazine, In Defense of Peace, for
January 1950, announced that a petition of the Committee for Peaceful
Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact had been signed by 1,148 churchmen
in the United States, including seven Protestant bishops, and sent to
the United Nations.
This success of the Communists in enlisting members of the clergy
for their so-called "peace movement" is amazing in view of the frank
contempt of Communists for religion as expressed by their foremost
high priest, Lenin: "Any religious idea, any idea of a 'good God'
* * * is an abominably nasty thing." It is all the more amazing
in view of the subornation or suppression of the church in every coun-
try under Communist control.
The Communist Party, in seeking clerical support, cleverly exploits
the intense yearning for peace among members of the clergy.
This double-dealing strategy was mapped for the Communists long
ago by Lenin. Lenin referred to persons such as the clergy as "bour-
geois humbugs," who mislead the people "with fine words like justice,
peace, national liberation, settling international conflicts by arbitra-
tion, brotherhood of peoples, Uberty, reforms, democracy, universal
suffrage, etc." Nevertheless, he declared, "they will sign whatever
you wish," and he told his fellow party members "to take advantage
of this sentiment." Declaring that "pacifism and the abstract preach-
ment of peace" are merely means employed "to fool the working class,"
he insisted that the final solution of the world's problems lies in "civil
war" and the "defeat of one's own [non-Communistl government."
THE COMMUlSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 63
This is the basic strategy of all Communists today in their "peace"
In this connection, it is noteworthy that the May 1950 issue of the
World Peace Congress organ, In Defense of Peace, devoted an entire
section to "Religion Against the Bomb." This section made sugges-
tions for putting pressure on the "priesthood and ministry, whose
help in the gathering of signatures must be asked for by the local
Committees of Defenders of Peace."
Why are the Communists so anxious to get church leaders into their
subversive schemes? Because Communists have learned that religious
endorsements of their projects act as a magnet on hosts of other persons
who would otherwise hesitate to lend their support. It is no coin-
cidence, therefore, that, whenever Communists obtain dupes from the
religious field, such support is immediately publicized by the Com-
munists with the loudest fanfare.
This is graphically illustrated by the experience of the Rev. Dr. A. J.
Wilson, editor-in-chief of the United Church Observer in Toronto,
Canada. According to its August 15, 1950 issue, he had signed the
*'peace" petition in good faith. Thereafter, he wrote, "My picture
was published under a six-column banner heading in the Toronto
Communist paper, the Canadian Tribune. This demonstrated a close
tie-up between the sponsors of the petition and the Communists."
He added that he was publishing the exchange of correspondence
"to warn ministers and members of the church what they may expect
if their passion for peace should lead them, as it led us, to sign the
peace petition, which is widely circulated and has come to be known
as the 'Stockholm Appeal.' "
The following headlines from the Daily Worker, official organ of the
Communist Party, are a few glaring examples of how the Communists
are capitalizing on "religion" for their "peace" campaign:
"Church Parley Balks at Atlantic Pact," March 11, 1949, page 2, and March
14, 1949, page 7.
"55 Negro Churchmen Urge Rejection of Atlantic Pact," June 28, 1949, page 2.
"Clergymen Call Parley on Arms Bill," August 17, 1949, page 5.
"Springfield Clergy Back 'Peace Sunday', " April 6, 1950, page 2.
"Four Religious Leaders Will Lobby for Ban on H-Bomb," April 17, 1950, page 3.
"Czech Churches Appeal to World Christians— 140,000 CathoUcs Join in Plea
for Support of Stockholm A-Bomb Ban," July 23, 1950, page 8.
"Northwest Church Meet Asks Bomb Ban," July 11, 1950, page 4,
"In Tacoma recently the seventy-seventh annual convention of the Methodist
Church unanimously called for outlawing the A-bomb," July 11, 1950, page 4.
"New England Methodists Denounce H-Bomb," June 12, 1950, page 3.
"Church Synod Urges Talks with USSR— Northern EvangeUcal and Reformed
Leaders Assail H-Bomb," June 8, 1950, page 3.
"N. Y. Methodist Parley Asks A-Ban," May 22, 1950, page 4.
"Peace Bid Urged by 1,000 at W. Va. Methodist Meet," June 14, 1950, page 3.
"Truman's War Speech and Quakers' Peace Plea," by Rob F. Hall, December
28, 1949, page 7.
"Quakers Ask U. S. 'Go Beyond Baruch Plan' to Achieve Peace," by Rob F.
Hall, February 21, 1950, page 3.
"Quaker Group Urges End to Arms Race," June 2, 1950, page 3.
"Quakers Warn of Hysteria on Korea," July 5, 1950, page 4.
"17 Church Groups Ask A-Bomb Ban," May 15, 1950, page 3.
On May 24, 1950, page 1, the Daily Worker announced that — •
The president of the General Alliance of Unitarian and other Liberal Christian
Church Women denounced witch hunting in our country and the hydrogen bomb
as "completely diabolical" threats to the security of the United States and the
entire world. May 24, 1950, page 1.
NATIONAL LABOR CONFERENCE FOR PEACE
The Communists' "peace" campaign in the United States also
made special efforts to drum up support in the vital field of American
labor. In this phase of the campaign, Communist-controlled' unions
and Communist labor figures played an important role. With their
aid, a new, Nation-wide "peace" front was organized — the National
Labor Conference for Peace.
Several Communist propaganda moves which occurred in different
parts of the country but were timed on the same day — April 13, 1949 —
served to pave the way for the formation of this new front. These
were heralded in blazing headlines in the Communist Daily Worker
the following day. One of these preliminary moves was the announce-
ment by one Bernard V. McGroarty of Cleveland that he had sent
letters to trade-union leaders thi'oughout the country urging a fight
against the North Atlantic defense pact. McGroarty also announced
that he and 15 other mid western trade-unionists had sent a letter to
President Truman opposing the pact on April 12.
This action was interpreted by the Daily Worker as being a "grass-
roots" labor campaign against the Atlantic pact. It referred to the
16 signers of the letter to the President as "prominent" union leaders.
Actually the signers were obscure officials of a few scattered local
unions in Ohio; there was not one official of any international union.
Mr. McGroarty, who was listed as a member of the Stereotypers
Union of Cleveland, is on record as having defended numerous Com-
munist leaders who have run afoul of the law. When he died in
May 1950, McGroarty was mourned by the topmost Communist
leaders. He never proclaimed himself publicly as a member of the
Communist Party, but he endorsed its official publication, the Daily
Worker, and was the object of lavish praise by that publication on a
number of occasions.
The 15 other unionists who signed the letter were:
George Kavanas, president, UMW Local 51, Wheeling, W. Va,
Nick Gordon, president, UMW Local 6233, Benwood, W. Va.
Harold Woods, president, UMW Local 4472, Yorkville, Ohio.
Frank Sicha, president, UMW Local 284, Martins Ferry, Ohio.
Clyde Hinckley, financial secretary, UAW-AFL Local 797, Cleveland, Ohio.
Joseph D. Ross, secretary, AFL Blacksmiths Local 641, Cleveland, Ohio.
Sam Bossin, president, AFL Painters Local 867, Cleveland, Ohio.
H. C. Glover, vice president. Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, Lodge 2100,
Oscar Dennis, president, CIO Mine- Mill Local 735.
Joseph A. Chick, president, Mine- Mill Local 715, Cleveland, Ohio.
Joseph Sheetz, president, UE-CIO Local 758, Mansfield, Ohio.
Charles Marcum, president, UE-CIO Local 732, Sycamore, Ohio.
Ignatius Monachino, president, UE-CIO Local 735, Cleveland, Ohio.
Charles Beckman, president, UAW-CIO Local 45 (Fisher Body), Cleveland, Ohio.
The other propaganda move, wliich received widespread pubficity
in the Daily Worker, was the insertion of a paid advertisement in
The New York Times of April 13, 1949, under the heading "Labor
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 65
Wants Peace Talks, Not a Pact for War." ^ The advertisement
carried typical Communist propaganda against the Atlantic pact and
named as its endorsers 267 alleged "New York labor leaders."
These included the following whose Communist Party affiliation has
been made a matter of public record: Ben Gold, president, Interna-
tional Fur and Leather Workers Union; Max Perlow, international
secretary-treasurer, International Furniture Workers Union; Arthur
Osman, president, Independent Wholesale and Warehouse Local 65;
and John Steuben, secretary-treasurer, AFL Hotel Front Service
Local 144. Endorser William Michelson, president. Independent De-
partment Store Union, Local 2, has refused to affirm or deny Com-
munist Party membership under oath. Isidore Rosenberg, manager,
CIO Shoe Council, had endorsed the Communist Party program on
November 6, 1933. Frank Dutto, president, AFL Bakers Local 1;
Ben Gold; and Joseph P. Selly, president, American Communications
Workers, had been the subject of punitive procedure by State or
national labor bodies because of their Communist records.
The Daily Worker frankly admitted that the foregoing efforts were
preliminaries to the National Labor Conference for Peace, the gather-
ing that was to formally initiate the front organization of the same
Various issues of the Daily Worker described how authority to call
a National Labor Conference for Peace was "given" by Bernard
McGroarty to a "visiting delegation of Illinois trade-unionists," at
a luncheon meeting in Cleveland, in June 1949.
An arrangements committee for the conference was subsequently
formed with the following officers: Bernard McGroarty, honorary
chairman; Samuel Curry, chairman; Thomas Slater, a carpenter and
an active defender of Communist leaders on trial, vice chairman;
Sven Anderson, vice president of Local 453, United, Auto Workers,
as secretary; and James Wishart, of the Progressive Citizens of
America as well as educational director of the Communist-controlled
Fur Workers District Council, as executive secretary.
Headquarters were established at suite 905, 179 West Washington
Street, Chicago, 111.
In its progress reports, the Daily Worker stated that "organizing
committees" for the conference were functioning in more than "36
key industrial areas."
In July the arrangements committee announced that the National
Labor Conference for Peace would be held in Chicago on October 1
and 2, 1949.^ At the same time, the committee boasted that it had
initiated a letter of protest against the Atlantic pact which would
be sent to every member of the United States Senate. The committee
claimed that it had obtained signatures to the letter by 1,500 local
Sam Curry, as chairman of the conference arrangements committee,
issued a press release on August 9, 1949, "on behalf of thousands of
local union leaders" urging defeat of the military assistance program.
Curry is the president of Local 347 of the United Packinghouse
Workers in Chicago.
Also, prior to the National Labor Conference for Peace, the arrange-
ments committee selected John T. Bernard as its delegate to the
• See appendix XIII to this report for the full contents of this advertisement.
' See appendix XIV to this report for the official conference "Call."
66 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
American Continental Congress for Peace, held in Mexico City
September 5 to 10, 1949. Air. Bernard's voluminous record of Com-
munist-front affiliations is contained in a report of the Special Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities dated March 29, 1944. Testifying
before the Washington State Joint Legislative Fact-Finding Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities on January 27, 1948, Louis F.
Budenz, former managing editor of the Daily Worker, revealed that
an assignment of John T. Bernard to work in the International
Workers Order had been discussed at Communist Party headquarters
in Budenz' presence. Bernard has contributed frequently to the
Communist press and has defended individual Communists on a
number of occasions.
On September 6, 1949, the forthcoming conference received the
endorsement of George Morris, also known as Morris Yusem, promi-
nent Communist labor columnist. The west coast Communist organ,
the Daily People's World, carried an enthusiastic editorial of support
of the conference. The article demonstrated that the conference
had the official stamp of approval of the Communist Party.
The World Federation of Trade Unions, which has been repudiated
because of its Communist character by both the American Federation
of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations, has been a
bulwark of the Communists' worldwide "peace" campaign from its
inception. The arrangements committee of the National Labor
Conference for Peace revealed its close kinship with this federation
by inviting delegates to the conference from international bodies
affiliated with the World Federation of Trade Unions. John T.
Bernard personally invited Vincent Lombard© Toledano, head of the
Latin-American Federation of Labor, Toledano was prevented from
attending, however, when he was denied a visa by the State Depart-
ment because of his pro-Communist record. Also invited were repre-
sentatives of World Federation of Trade Unions affiliates in France,
Puerto Rico, Italy, Poland, and Cuba. Michael Quatrepointe, who
planned to attend in behalf of the Communist-controlled General
Confederation of Labor of France, was also denied a visa.
Featured speakers when the conference finally got under way on
October 1 and 2 included Henry A. Wallace and Paul Robeson. An
added attraction was Merton Scott, national secretary of the peace
board of the Five Years Meeting of Friends, a Quaker organization.
Other speakers included Fred Stover, president of the Iowa Farmers
Union, who was also originally scheduled to speak for the Mid-
Century Conference for Peace and who was withdrawn as too con-
troversial; Ewart Guinier, international secretary-treasurer of the
United Public Workers, which has been expelled from the CIO, and
An alleged 1,245 delegates attended the National Labor Conference
for Peace. They adopted resolutions urging immediate U. S.-
U. S. S. R. conferences, the outlawing of atomic bombs, the destruction
of existing stockpiles, trade with Communist-dominated areas, and
In a keynote letter to the conference, Bernard McGroarty, who was
unable to attend because of illness, called for the defeat of the "war-
mongers" and declared that "This National Labor Conference for
Peace can be the firm fist that will hurry that defeat." This was, of
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 67
course, merely a paraphrase of the Communist slogan "Defeat your
Another featured speaker was Tom Fitzpatrick, of the United
Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of Pittsburgh, who has been
identified as a Communist before the Committee on Un-American
Activities and who has refused under oath to affirm or deny his party
membership. Another speaker was Halois Moorehead, business
agent of the AFL Building Service Employees in New York, who
signed a nominating petition for Benjamin J. Davis, Communist
candidate for councilman in that city. In her speech at the confer-
ence, Miss Moorehead defended the right of the Communist Party
to exist as a legal political party and denounced the court proceedings
against 11 Communist leaders as a "heresy trial at Foley Square."
The National Labor Conference for Peace claimed it spoke in
behalf of all labor. The effrontery of this is demonstrated by com-
paring the position of this organization and that of loyal organized
labor. In October 1949 the executive council of the American
Federation of Labor declared its firm support of the North Atlantic
defense pact and pointed out that it was "essential" in view of the
"proximity to the Communist Empu'e and Communist concentration
on production for war [whichl brings aU Europe under the shadow of
a great fear." The CIO on March 20, 1949, announced that "The
European recovery program has had the CIO's unwavermg support
from its inception,"
It was decided at the Chicago conference to hold a future meeting
in Washington, D. C, from which "a million signatures against the
cold war" were to be presented to President Truman and Members of
Congi-ess. Bernard V. McGroarty was elected honorary chau-man of
The conference received cordial gi-eetings from the following
Communist-led labor organizations: Soviet Trade Union Council,
World Federation of Trade Unions, All-Chuia Federation of Labor,
Polish Central Trade Union Council, Latin-American Federation of
Labor, Philippme Congress of Labor Organizations. An editorial in
the Worker for October 9, 1949, called the conference "a magnificent
Carl Ross, district secretary of the Communist Party of Minnesota,
and Joseph Brandt, labor secretary of the Communist Party of Ohio,
summed up the achievements of the conference in an article in the
Daily Worker of October 7, 1949. They pointed out that "26 States
and most major industrial centers were represented," the largest
delegation outside of Chicago being from Detroit, with a large west
coast delegation from the maritime industry. The intent of the
conference to obstruct our national defense progi-am was implied by
the authors when they hailed the "new opportunities for massing the
strength of labor against the fomenters of the cold war and the
preparations for World War III."
On a number of occasions the "peace movement" in the United
States had been criticized by Communist spokesmen abroad for
failure to pay sufficient attention to the enlistment of labor forces.
In answer to this criticism, the afore-mentioned Ross and Brandt
pointed out that the conference "began to fill in a missing link in the
chain of a world peace front" and "began to answer the question
68 THE COMMUNTIST "PElAC'E" OFFENSIVE
foremost among trade-unionists the world over of whether American
workers would raise their voices for peace."
In a policy-making directive in the Daily Worker of March 23, 1950,
John Williamson, national labor secretary of the Communist Party,
specified that Communists should "help build the Labor Peace
Conference." He declared that "this is not a Communist organiza-
tion," yet nevertheless authoritatively outlined the tasks of the
organization. He pointedly remarked that a "slow-down spirit has
been rising in the shops and factories and offices" since President
Truman gave the order for the production of the hydrogen bomb.
Another directive, Plan of Work of National Committee, Commu-
nist Party, U. S. A., July 15 to Labor Day, 1950, which is reproduced
in appendix VIII, sets forth, among other things, the tasks of Com-
munists in connection with the Labor Conference for Peace.
It called for the organization of a "well-functioning" Labor Confer-
ence for Peace in at least 30 cities throughout the country, with peace
committees in shops and local unions in those cities.
The proceedings of the National Labor Conference were held under
the supervision of an emmissary from the Soviet Union, A. Lavrenyov,
who ostensibly attended as a correspondent of New Times, published
in Moscow. He wrote a full description of the conference in New
Times for November 16, 1949, commenting that "The preparatory
work was very well organized." Pie said that statements of delegates
from Pittsburgh, Chicago, the Great Lakes, California, the Atlantic
and Pacific coasts "spoke against Washington's aggressive policy."
Delegate Work, of the Detroit Ford plant, for example, pledged that
the workers of America will refuse to turn out war weapons, he
reported. Christine Walker, according to Lavrenyov, said at the
conference that "The young people of America will never go to war
against the Soviet Union." Since it is standard Communist policy
to penetrate the "vital parts" of America's defense apparatus, he
voiced his gratification that a national committee which was elected
by the conference included representatives of workers in the steel,
copper-smelting, automobile, electrical, food, and other industries.
Subsequent to the National Labor Conference in Chicago, subsidiary
bodies of a similar nature were established in various industrial centers
throughout the country through the tour of Frieda Schwenkmeyer, its
administrative secretary. She was formerly active in the American
League for Peace and Democracy, an earlier Communist peace front.
Her itinerary, which was described in the Daily Worker of June 30,
1950, will give some idea of the extent of her operations: Jul}^ 5 tlii^ough
9, Los Angeles; July 11-14, San Francisco; July 17, Tacoma, Wash.;
July 18, Seattle; July 21, Salt Lake City; July 22, Denver; July 24,
Omaha; August 8, vSouth Bend, Ind.; August 3, Fort Wayne, Ind.;
August 4, Detroit; August 5-11, Ohio; August 21-22, Milwaulvce and
Madison; August 23-26, Minnesota. In each case, the basis was laid
for a local branch of the National Labor Conference for Peace.
Thereafter, the locals,' together with the national office of the
National Labor Conference for Peace, waged an incessant propaganda
campaign in behalf of the Soviet Union. Their media was the mass
meeting, leaflet, and open letter. With the inauguration of the
Stockholm Peace Petition in March 1950, the National Labor Confer-
ence began feverishly to collect signatures to this fraudulent document.
> See appendix XV for description of activities of Ohio Labor Conference for Peace.
THE COMMUOTST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 69
On June 14, 1950, 30 delegates of the conference presented to the
United Nations a scroll carrying 150,000 signatures to the peace
On May 2, 1950, the Daily Worker announced that a New York
chapter of the National Labor Conference for Peace had been formed,
with temporary headquarters at 80 East Eleventh Street, a building
devoted to numerous Communist enterprises. The New York
organization appointed Marcel Scherer as full-time coordinator. The
record of this man shows that he is well suited for this role.
Mr. Scherer is a Moscow-trained, technically skilled operative of the
Communist Party. When asked by the Committee on Un-American
Activities on June 21, 1950, whether he had received training in the
Lenin Institute in Moscow, he declined to answer on grounds of self-
incrimination although previous testimony by former students of this
institute and former Communists had established this fact. On
November 30, 1939, William Odell Nowell, a former Lenin School
student, testified as follows before the Special Committee on Un-
American Activities on the character of training at the school:
Mr. Nowell. We were given regular military training * * *^ W^e j^ad
target practice, the science of civil warfare, revolutionary uprising * * * the
conspiratory type of warfare — how to develop a general strike out of a local
strike; how to develop a general strike into a city uprising, a city uprising into a
national uprising * * *_
Mr. Starnes. Were you taught to concentrate particularly on utilities and
munitions plants, or anything to that effect?
Mr. Nowell. The food supply, the warehouses, the utilities, that is, water
and lights, gas, and all those things; the communications, that is, the railways
entering the city, the streetcar service, telephone service, and telegraph * * *,
Mr. Starnes. Were you given any instructions in sabotage?
Mr. Nowell. Sabotage; how to wreck trains, at this point closing down
factories, facilitating discontent to raise the mob spirit * * * and various
acts of sabotage. * * * Also the general method of derailing a train and
destroying its cargo ♦ * *.
We were given instruction in code, how to decipher codes, and shown the possi-
bilities of working out our own code.
Although a candidate for New York City alderman on the Commu-
nist Party ticket in 1931 and identified as a charter member of the party
by former fellow members in sworn testimony, Mr. Scherer has refused
to affirm or deny his party membership on grounds of self-
Marcel Scherer was one of the founders, an international vice
president, and national organization director of the Federation of
Architects, Chemists, and Technicians, which had established units
in the numerous important navy yards and such strategic plants as
Westinghouse Electric, General Electric, Radio Corp. of America,
Sperry Gyroscope, Douglas Aircraft, Vultee Aircraft, Glenn L.
Martin Aircraft, New York Shipbuilding Corp., Betid ehem Steel,
Brill Car Co., Baldwin Locomotive Works, American Bridge Co.,
Jones & Laughlin, and the Universal Oil Products Co. This union
was identified as one in which Communist leadership was "strongly
entrenched" in a report by the Special Committee on Un-American
Activities on March 29, 1944. On September 30, 1939, Joseph.
Zack (Kornfeder), former trade-union director of the Communist
Party, had testified that this organization was controlled by the party.
70 THE COMMUNIST " PEACE " OFFENSIVE;
Subsequently, from 1944 to 1947, Scherer was business manager of
Local 1227 of the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers,
international representative and later educational director of District
4 of the UE. The UE has since been expelled from the CIO because
of its Communist character.
Mr. Scherer admitted under oath that the FAECT under his
direction had been active in organizing a local at the radiation labora-
tory of the University of California in 1942 or 1943, which was
engaged in work on the atomic bomb. His local was also active in
organizing the Shell Development Co., Shell Oil Co., and the Shell
Chemical Co., all engaged in important war work at the time.
In sworn testimony by Paul Crouch, former Communist Party
organizer in California, Scherer was identified as the national head of
the party's work among chemists, scientists, and technicians.
That there is nothing peaceful about the Communist "peace move-
ment" was demonstrated on August 2, 1950, when 2,000 demonstrators
staged a full-fledged riot in Union Square in New York City under the
auspices of the New York Labor Conference for Peace. The riot
stemmed from defiance of a police ban against a meeting of the labor
conference. The demonstrators used their fists and feet, climbed
electric-light poles, and created sufficient disorder to necessitate the
calling out of a thousand policemen who made 14 arrests. The riot
was applauded by the Moscow radio on August 2, 1950, and by the
New York State Communist Party, which paid tribute to the "courage
of the thousands of demonstrators, and their ability to carry forward
their action in the face of police provocation and attacks." Un-
questionably this W£is merely a rehearsal for similar riotous manifesta-
tions. The Communist statement pointed out that this demonstration
was directed toward "compelling the seating of the representatives"
of the Chinese Communist Government in the UN and to "compel a
speedy adoption" of the Soviet proposals for settling the Korean War.
THE "PEACE" CAMPAIGN DIRECTED AT WOMEN'S GROUPS
The Communist "peace" offensive employed special organizations
to attract women to its subversive cause. In the United States, this
effort was channeled through the Congress of American Women and
local women's committees for peace in various cities.
The Congress of American Women is a Communist-front organiza-
tion created in 1946 as a branch of the Women's International Demo-
cratic Federation, an international Communist front for women. The
active collaboration of both organizations with the World Peace
Congress already has been made the subject of an extensive report by
the Committee on Un-American Activities dated October 23, 1949.
Women in the United States who have played a prominent part in
the Communist "peace" offensive include Freda Kirchwey and Ella
Winter, who attended the Wroclaw conference, first in the long series
of so-called world "peace" congresses. American women who spon-
sored but did not attend this congress included: Catherine Corwin,
Leta Cromwell, Florence Davidson, Virginia Durr, Edita Morris, and
Mrs. Jack Paradise.
Eighty-four American women sponsored the Scientific and Cultural
Conference for World Peace, held in New York March 25-27, 1949.
(See appendix II.)
Sponsors of the Paris World Peace Congress of April 1949 included
the following: Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Muriel Draper, Shirley
Graham, Ada B. Jackson, Maud Russell, Rose Russell, Maud Slye,
Mary Van Kleeck, Gene Weltfish, Ella Winter, Elinor Gimbel, and
Nym Wales. Most of these sponsors were also associated with the
Congress of American Women and/or its parent body, the Women's
International Democratic Federation.
Alineola Ingersoll was an official delegate from the Congress of
American Women to the Paris "peace" congress; Ella Winter, active
in the WIDE, was listed among the officers of the Paris congress; and
Gene Weltfish, first president of the Congress of American Women,
was elected a member of the permanent committee of the World
The Women's International Democratic Federation had joined in
issuing the call for the World Peace Congress, held in Paris in April
1949. The manifesto of the WorM Peace Congress played adroitly
upon women's hatred of war- in order to serve the interests of Soviet
designs for aggression:
The women, the mothers who bring hope to the world, should know that we
consider it our sacred duty to defend the lives of their children and the security
of their homes.
The Women's Federation had already adopted its own "peace"
manifesto at its second congress in Budapest in December 1948.
The organization frankly stated at the time that it intended to follow
the lead of the Soviet Union, "the only country truly working for
peace" against the "vile actions" of the "imperialist warmongers."
72 THE COMMUNIST "PE^C'E" OFFENSIVE!
The manifesto identified the "warmongers" as the United States and
The WIDF "peace" manifesto gave the following instructions:
It is our task to prevent our husbands, sons, and brothers from being dragged
into a new war where they will become cannon fodder in the interest of adventurers
and the owners of the atomic bomb.
Overlooking the Soviet Union's interference in the affairs of its
satellites, particularly in Korea and China, this "peace" manifesto
exhorted "Women of the United States, Great Britain, France,
You must remember that a country which oppresses another cannot live in
freedom. Urge your governments to withdraw their troops from Greece, China,
Viet-Nam, Indonesia, Malaya, Burma, and South Korea, and halt all forms of
interference in the domestic affairs of other nations.
The "peace" manifesto called on the women of the Soviet Union to
lead the women of the world:
Women of the Soviet Union!
Reinforce the strength of your motherland, stronghold of peace, remembering
that the stronger your country grows, the more firm is the unity for peace.
The "peace" manifesto also laid down a plan of action for organizing
mass pressure on the democracies:
Women throughout the world!
Let all of us stand together to save the peace!
Organize mass rallies, demonstrations, petitions, exposing the criminal plans
of the aggressors and proclaiming loudly our demand for peace.
What results can stem from an appeal such as this was clearly-
demonstrated in Brazil in August of 1949. According to a radio
broadcast from Latin America on August 18, 1949, the police of Rio
de Janeiro discovered a Communist plot calling —
for women and children to be strategically planted outside and around the so-called
congresses of the Partisans of Peace, thus making it more difficult for the police
to break up the meetings, while at the same time peace and order would be
This plan came to light when Rio de Janeiro police broke up a
meeting of a Communist session known as the absolute tribunal,
where they seized a manifesto giving instructions for steps to be taken
at the outbreak of a revolutionary movement. This manifesto
included a —
scheme to establish feminine brigades, to be composed of well-trained women.
The task assigned to these women would be to spearhead the assault.
Claudia Jones, a leading woman Communist in the United States
and member of the Congress of American Women, boosted the
Women's International Democratic Federation in the Worker of
March 12, 1950. Women's aid in Communist-inspired efforts to
sabotage arms shipments and otherwise promulgate the "peace"
campaign was praised by her as being in line with WIDF directives:
Part of the mounting campaign of French trade-unionists against their Govern-
ment's part in the cold war * * * French women simultaneously stretched
out on the tracks to prevent the train [carrying military tanks] from moving.
In this action French women emulated African women who recently barricaded
with their bodies imperialist attempts to take away their men who fight for better
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 73
In Eastern Germany over 5,000,000 women signed petitions to outlaw the A-
bomb and for world disarmament. In Italy over 2,000,000 women led by the
Union of Italian Women and its dynamic leader, Maria Maddelena Rossi [who
has been a Communist Party deputy in the Italian Legislature] led similar
struggles * * * _
In Britain, 25 women, some pushing carriages, holding their children by the
hand, marched in London's suburbs on International Women's Day * * *
[they] carried banners with the words "Ban Bombs." "Deliver Us From Evil"
(page 1, mag.).
On April 14, 1950, the Moscow radio, in its Soviet Home Service
The International Democratic Women's Federation on behalf of 60,000,000
women workers in various countries has proclaimed that it supports the appeal
of the Peace Partisan Permanent^Comraittee * * *_ Womenare now collect-
ing signatures for this appeal.
!-• The Daily Worker announced on July 7, 1950, in a special bulletin
from Paris, that the Women's International Democratic Federation
had formally protested by cable to Secretary General Trygve Lie
of the United Nations against the Security Council's decision uphold-
ing the United States' military interventions "against Korea."
This is a typical Communist distortion of the fact that the United
States went to the assistance of free South Korea after it had been
invaded by aggressors from Communist North Korea. The federa-
tion sent a similar cable of protest to President Truman.
The Congress of American Women held a convention in New
York, May 6 to 8, 1949, w^hich was utilized as a convenient platform
from which to espouse the "peace" offensive. This meeting was
hailed by the Cominform, formerly known as the Communist Inter-
national, in its official publication, For a Lasting Peace, for a People's
Democracy, as follows:
Consolidating Forces op Democracy Against Imperialism
The national convention of the American Women's Congress held in New York
at the beginning of the month adopted the congress rules and a program in defense
of peace and democratic rights embodying the main aims of the World Federation
of Democratic Women to which the congress is affiliated.
The convention pointed out that in view of the war danger fomented by the
American monopolists, American women bore a special responsibility. It stressed
the need to mobilize the broadest sections of women to fight for peace. The con-
vention demanded that the atom bomb should be outlawed * * * and that
the Atlantic pact be annulled. *
Elizabeth Moos, an active member of the Communist Party, and
now executive director of its Peace Information Center, previously
described in this report, and Mmeola Ingersoll, the CAW representa-
tive to the World Peace Congress in Paris, reported to the convention
on the Paris peace conference. Miss Ingersoll told the CAW dele-
gates that "72 nations, representing 600,000,000 people, are for peace.
And the threat of war comes from our Nation — America."
The CAW convention "recognized" that "the source of war"
stemmed "from the present foreign policy of the administration,"
and was "reflected in such designs for destruction as the Atlantic war
The convention "boldly challenged" the "barrage of war propa-
ganda" they said was directed by the United States against the
Soviet Union, and passed a resolution demanding that the Atlantic
> For a Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy, May 15, 1949, p. 1.
74 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE;
pact be rejected. Flouting the authority of the American Government,
and going over its head, the CAW prepared a "petition for peace and
international unity" for presentation to the United Nations, as the
organization's first public act under its new set-up.
The Communists attempted to convert women in the United States
to their "peace" program not only through previously established front
organizations for women but also through new committees formed for
that specific purpose.
One of the earliest of these groups to be established was the Minute
Women for Peace, which was discussed and praised in the Worker in
March 1950, by Claudia Jones. This Communist leader described how
the Minute Women for Peace had launched a "peace ballot"
distributed in and around Greater Boston. According to Claudia
ballots are addressed to the UN and urge: "Save the Peace, Outlaw the A-Bomb."
The slogans "Halt Production of the H-Bomb," and "Negotiate with the Soviet
Union to Outlaw Atomic Weapons" are the key slogans of women in the U. S. A.
who observe International Women's Day (March 8) in united front meetings in
50 cities * * *_ Since then, these Minute Women for Peace have created a
permanent organization. They plan a peace rally this month and will visit UN
to add their protests against the war threat of American imperialism to the
multitudinous voices of anti-Fascist women around the world, united in the
Women's International Democratic Federation * * * (Worker, March 12,
1950, p. 1, mag.).
On April 21, 1950, the Daily Worker reported that a Minute
Women for Peace delegation on the previous day had presented 7,000
"peace ballots," together with a statement urging outlawing of atom
bombs, to J. B. Orrick, who represented UN Secretary General
"An all-day women's peace conference" in Boston on June 25, 1950,
was sponsored by the Minute Women for Peace. The conference
unanimously went on record in support of the Stockholm World Peace
Appeal. A telegram of greetings from the Women's International
Democratic Federation was read. "Your fight for peace," the tele-
gram said, "is linked with 81,000,000 women united in a world-wide
fight to ban atomic war." The conference also adopted recommenda-
tions to collect 20,000 "peace" petitions and decided to send a delegate
to the Second World Peace Congress to be held in the fall of 1950.
An article from the Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News in
August 1950 showed the close link between the Communist Party
and the Minute Women for Peace:
Red Leader Is Very Happy About the Minute Women: Says They're on
Our Side — Sidney Lipshires, Area Communist Secretary, Pleased at
Support Here for Stockholm Peace Petition, Generally Viewed as
Kremlin Smoke Screen
Sidney Lipshires, secretary of the Communist Party of Western Massachusetts,
allowed today that the party has an excellent ally in the Springfield-Chicopee
Minute Women for Peace — an organization which came out strongly last night
for the Communist-inspired Stockholm peace pledge.
Later the Springfield Daily News reported:
* * * the Springfield-Chicopee Minute Women for Peace are going to lose
their president, Mrs. Clyde Dorr, * * * j^^ ^g^g learned today.
Mrs. Dorr, who was not available, will resign as soon as possiljle, her husband
said this morning.
"She is fed up with the entire thing," he said.
THE COMMUlSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 75
On April 23, 1950, the Worker ran a feature story on the Committee
of Philadelphia Women for Peace, another in the chain of Commmiist-
inspired women's "peace" groups. The article quoted a communica-
tion from the Philadelphia Committee, to the Chilean Communist
poet, Pablo Neruda, who has been exiled from Chile as a result of his
Communist activities. The committee claimed its communication
was ^vritten at "noon, April 12, 1950 * * * the day and the
hour that President Truman, architect of 'peace through war,' is
welcoming the President of your country, Gonzalez Videla, at the
airport at Washington for a 3-week visit." The communication called
the President of the United States and the President of Chile "two
The Committee of Philadelphia Women for Peace was organized
in February 1950, to circulate a so-called "Ballot for Peace," which
demanded that the H-bomb be outlawed and was addressed to Presi-
dent Truman. Among those present at a "peace rally" of the Com-
mittee of Philadelphia Women for Peace marking International
Women's Day were Ada Jackson and Thelma Dale, who have been
vice presidents of the Congress of American Women and delegates to
congresses of the Women's International Democratic Federation.
Thelma Dale has been a member of the New York State Committee
of the Communist Party.
In conjunction with a local Labor Peace Committee, the Committee
of Philadelphia Women for Peace sponsored a rally on April 24, 1950.
This rally endorsed plans to picket the Federal Building in Philadel-
phia to "protest U. S. war policies." A "demand to halt the ship-
ment of arms and munitions to European countries" was another
major issue in this demonstration. The rally heard Eslanda Goode
Robeson, wife of Paul Robeson, report on the "peace activities" of
women in Europe, China, and Africa:
Women abroad, she reported, have organized daily picket lines around war
ministry buildings, and have joined with labor organizations in picketing ships
unloading arms sent from the United States (Daily Worker, April 25, 1950, p. 3).
On August 8, 1950, 1,000 women arrived in Washington, D. C. as
a "peace delegation" to demand that President Truman "agree to
mediation of the Korean conflict and halt the danger of a new world
war." These women were organized by a group known as the "Ameri-
can Women for Peace," and supported by such groups as the Women's
Division of the American Slav Congress, and the Progressive Party,
both Communist-controlled, and the Minute Women for Peace.
This delegation also demanded that "neither the atom nor the hj'-dro-
gen bomb ever be used by the U. S. Government." The women milled
around the White House and the halls of Congress all day, although
most of the Congressmen refused to see them. The delegation
received continous publicity in the Daily Worker, climaxed by a
tremendous headline and the lead story in the issue of August 9, 1950.
The American Women for Peace acted as an advance wave to estab-
lish a beachhead for other left-wing organizations scheduled to descend
on Washington in observance of a Communist-declared "Peace
In support of their demonstration, the American Women for Peace
mimeographed and disseminated a letter, dated August 4, 1950, and
signed by Therese Lee Robinson, who was also a leader and one of the
principal speakers at the American Peace Crusade rally at Turner's
76 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Arena, March 15, 1951, in Washington, D. C, which was described
on pages 51-53 of this report. One of the women was Mrs. Gertrude
M. Evans, executive secretary of the Progressive Party of the District
of Columbia; former manager of the Washington Book Shop, official
outlet for Communist literature ; and supporter of the Stockholm Peace
THE **PEACE" CAMPAIGN STRATEGY FOR YOUTH AND
The Communists have made strenuous effort to win students and
youth to their spurious peace movement. They have channeled their
efforts through two long-established Soviet-controlled international
organizations, the World Federation of Democratic Youth (formed in
1945) and the International Union of Students (formed in 1946).
Both of these organizations speak identical lines of propaganda and
stand together on all phases of Soviet foreign policy. Both have their
affiliated organizations in the United States, which consequently have
also been turned into instruments in the "peace" campaign.
The World Federation of Democratic Youth, which has head-
quarters at Paris, cooperated with other Communist-controlled organi-
zations, such as the Women's International Democratic Federation
and the World Federations of Trade Unions, in promoting the World
The officials of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, GuyMe
Boysson, president, Herbert Williams, secretary, and Frances Damon
(an American), treasurer, claim their organization speaks for 60,000,000
youths in 74 different countries. Like most Communist claims, thisis
During recent years the World Federation of Democratic Youth has
convened several international conferences for students and young
people. In 1948, it held a South-East Asia Conference in Calcutta,
and a La tin- American Conference in Mexico City. In all of these
meetings "peace" was the major theme, but always with the Commu-
nist interpretation; the Soviet Union was hailed as the champion of
peace, while the United States was denounced as the imperialist
In the United States, the American Youth for a Free World, the
affiliate of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, obediently
executes the orders of its parent organization. Located at 144
Bleecker Street, New York City, the AYFW has been the Commu-
nist clearinghouse for international student and youth information.
In 1949 its executive secretary was Doris Senk, and in 1950 it was
Dorothy Gottlieb. Under the latter's signature, letters have been
sent to members requesting them to be sponsors for the "peace" move-
ment in the United States. In a circular letter dated May 1, 1950, the
following appeal was made: "Will you help launch this campaign in
the United States — add your signature to the World Peace Appeal as
an initiating member?"
American Youth for a Free World cooperated with the World
Federation of Democratic Youth to promote the World Youth Festival
which was held during August 14-28, 1949, in Budapest. The Com-
munist press claimed that 10,000 persons from 80 different countries
attended this mammoth demonstration, whose theme was "peace." An
American delegation of 175 students, under the leadership of Sheppard
78 THE COMMUNIST "PElAC'E" OFFENSIVE;
Thierman, executive officer of the Association of Internes and Medical
Students, attended the festival in Budapest. When Thierman was
dismissed by Kings County Hospital in New York City on loyalty
charges, the Daily Worker rushed to defend him in a feature article.
While traveling through France on the way to Budapest, some
members of the American delegation joined in a Communist parade
to celebrate Bastille Day. They marched under the banner, written
in English and French: "Progressive American students fight for
peace. They will be with the youth of the world at Budapest."
Of the 10,000 young people attending the Budapest festival, 3,500
were students. The festival sugar-coated its propaganda by means of
motion pictures, parades, singing, speeches, sports, visits to univer-
sities, and sightseeing tours. In their marching and singing, the
young people were usually led by the Soviet delegation displaying a
huge photograph of Joseph Stalin. Representatives of the Chinese
Communist armies won prominent places and high honors in all the
In closing ceremonies, delegates were subjected to tense emotional
pressures, comparable to the great mass demonstration staged for the
Nazi youth by Hitler. Under these circumstances the young people
present were requested to take a pledge:
* * * We, who have heard the call of the World Congress of the Defenders
of Peace, * * * pledge to continue until final victory this sacred fight for
peace and happiness.
Subsequent to the World Youth Festival, the Moscow radio
announced on September 1, 1949, that the "democratic youth of the
world" had arrayed itself against "warmongers and imperialists."
To exploit the occasion fully, the Communist propagandists made a
film of the festival and released it in several countries. On July 9,
1950, it had its premiere in New York at the Stanley Theater, which
makes a specialty of Soviet films.
Immediately after the conclusion of the Budapest festival, the Com-
munist leaders planned another world youth demonstration. The
Council of the International Union of Students met in Sofia, Bulgaria,
during September 1949 and decided to stage a Second World Student
Congress in Prague during 1950; the First World Student Congress
was the 1946 gathering at which the lUS was formally created., This
Second World Student Congress met August 14-28, 1950, in Prague,
The International Union of Students claims a mem.bership of 3,900,-
000 students in 60 dift'erent countries. In the United States, two
Comm.unist-dominated organizations which work in support of the
lUS are the Committee for International Student Cooperation and
the Association of Internes and Medical Students.
The Committee for International Student Cooperation, which
claims to have been organized in 1948, has an office at 144 Bleecker
Street, New York City — the same address as the headquarters for
American Youth for a Free World. Executive secretary of the
CISC is listed as Hortense Sie.
While the Committee for International Student Cooperation does
not claim actual affiliation with the International Union of Students,
nevertheless the closeness of the two organizations is demonstrated by
the fact that the lUS sent the CISC instructions to organize a United
States youth delegation to the Second World Student Congress in
Prague. The CISC promptly followed through with a party-line
THE COMMUlSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 79
propaganda campaign designed to induce support for, and delegates
to, the congress.
Other organizations and individuals supporting this Committee for
International Student Cooperation inclucle:
Student Council, NYU School of Education.
National Student Association, NYU School of Education.
Toby Bick, president, Psychological Club, Brooklyn College.
Analole Beck, president, Math Club, Brooklyn College.
Stan Aronowich, Philosophical Club, Brooklyn College.
Joan Studer, cochairman, Conference on Democracy in Education, Queens College.
Herb Gussack, associate editor. Crown, Queens College
Phil SchefHer, president. Student Council, City College of N. Y.
Beverly Eubin, vice president, Student Council, City College of N. Y.
Norman INIorris, editor, senior Yearbook, NYU.
The National Student Association, the principal student organi-
zation in the United States, has refused full cooperation with the
Communists in the Second World Student Congress. Because of this
action, the Committee for International Student Cooperation accused
the National Student Association of identifying itself with ''the cold-
war policies of the U. S. State Department."
Literature sent out by the Committee for International Student
Cooperation, in promoting the Prague Youth Congress, gave full
support to the Soviet peace movement and denounced the United
States as an "imperialist aggressor."
ASSOCIATION OF INTERNES AND MEDICAL STUDENTS
The Association of Internes and Medical Students, which was
organized in 1941 and has claimed a ro.embership of more than 2,000
youths, was formally affiliated with the International Union of
Students from 1946 until 1949. In fact, a delegation from the AIMS
helped found the lUS at an initiating congress in Prague in 1946.
The AIMS has long been a faithful follower of the Communist
Party line, and its alleged disaffiliation with the lUS in December
1949 was undoubtedly a ruse to answer criticism for "left wing"
policies which had been voiced within the American Medical Asso-
ciation. Despite its "disaffiliation" with the lUS, the AIAIS an-
nounced at its December 1949 national convention that it would send
delegates to the lUS Second World Student Congress in Prague in
August 1950. One of these delegates was Chester Davis, whose
speech at the convention is described subsequently in this report.
As a build-up for its Prague Congress, the lUS on December 31,
1949, sent a delegation of students to Moscow where it remained for
20 days. The delegation, which included Halstead Holman of the
United States, then sent a message by means of the lUS organ, World
Student News, with the headline: "Let Us Speak the Truth about the
Soviet Union." The truth, according to this student delegation, was
that the Soviet Union is the "principal fighter for peace, democracy,
independence, and equality among the nations of the world."
On August 14, 1950, 1,000 students from 78 countries assembled at
Prague for the Second World Student Congress, according to the
Communist press. While the congress of students was in session, the
80 THE COMMTJ]SriST "PElAC'E" OFFENSIVE
presidium of the World Peace Congress was also meeting in Prague.
The students attended a huge peace rally, which was addressed by
such Communist leaders of the World Peace Congress as Professor
Joloit-Curie of France and Ilya Ehrenburg of the U. S. S. K. The
latter told the students that the United States was not dropping the
atomic bomb in Korea for fear of the peace movement.
A speech by the lUS general secretary, instructed the Youth Con-
gress that "the chief task of all progressive students is to collect new
tens of millions of signatures to the appeal for banning the atomic
weapon." This is a reference to the Stockholm Peace Pledge.
The climax of the Prague Student Congress came when 15 delegates
from North Korea took the spotlight. Speaking for them, Lieuten-
ant Colonel Kan Buk told the Congress that North Korea had been
attacked by the United States and South Korea. He asked the Con-
gress of students to condemn the "war criminals" and to demand them
to withdraw from Korea. When he finished speaking, the entire
assembly, led by the American delegation, ''swarmed around the
speaker, presented him with their student badges, and loaded him
Chester Davis, spokesman for the American Committee for Inter-
national Student Cooperation, agreeing with the North Korean
Army officer, denounced "American intervention in Korea" and
demanded "the withdrawal of American troops." Frances Damon, a
United States delegate representing the World Federation of Dem-
ocratic Youth, brazenly asserted that all American students opposed
the United States "war of aggression" in Korea.
This shameful act, perpetrated at the very moment when young
Americans were sacrificing their lives, demonstrates the effort now
being made by the World Peace Congress to undermine and destroy
the loyalty of American youth.
The Moscow radio, however, interpreted the Second World Student
Congress as follows: "Millions of youth are willing to fight, shoulder
to shoulder with the entire younger generation, for peace against the
United States and British warmongers."
LABOR YOUTH LEAGUE
Another spearhead of the "peace" campaign among American
youth is the Communist-controlled Labor Youth League.
This organization, according to the Daily Worker, was established
in Chicago, May 28-29, 1949, by 150 delegates. It had Leon Wofsy,
a Communist, as its national chairman and Mel Williamson as admin-
istrative secretary. Under their guidance the Labor Youth League
claimed to have organized 200 charter clubs among "working class"
youth and on university campuses. "The building of the Labor
Youth League,", said Wofsy at its national convention, "is an answer to
the call of military brass for young killers to slaughter colored Asians."
The National Organizing Committee of the Labor Youth League,
composed of 60 delegates representing many States, met in Detroit
on April 25, 1950, to plan a "peace" campaign and to seek signers for
the Stockholm World Peace Appeal. They decided to support the
peace efforts of the National Labor Conference for Peace and to
attend the Mid-Century Conference of the Committee for Peaceful
Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 81
During May and June 1950 the Labor Youth League collected
thousands of signatures for the "peace" petition. In New York it
undertook the collection of 5,000 names on June 3 in honor of Eugene
Dennis, general secretary of the Communist Party; it claimed it
actually obtained 11, 000 names. The LYL then set the goal of 20,000
"peace" signers a week and a total of 250,000 by September 1.
The Challenge began publication in March 1950 under the sponsor-
ship of the Labor Youth League. It was endorsed by William Z.
Foster, chairman of the Communist Party, as follows :
The first American youth paper in almost a decade that advances a Marxist
outlook and champions the principle of scientific socialism, bringing clarity and
confidence to the young people in the fight for peace * * * ^ ^[\\ \)q an
invaluable instrument for rallying young Americans against the Wall Street
brass hats who * * * q^^q out to murder millions of our youth * * * jn
a hell-bomb war.
On August 24, 1950 the Attorney General of the United States
declared the Labor Youth League to be a subversive organization, and
the successor to the American Youth for Democracy and the Young
Leon Wofsy is the leading commissar of all Communist activity
among youth organizations in the United States. His two authori-
tative articles on the subject appear in Political Affairs, the theoretical
monthly organ of the Communist Party, dated March 1949 and May
1950. The articles are based upon Wofsy's reports before the National
Committee of the Communist Party, U, S. A., on January 24, 1949,
and March 23-25, 1950. He has spoken officially and publicly for
the Communist Party, U. S. A., on a number of other occasions. He
was a delegate to the New York State convention of the Communist
Political Association, as the Communist Party was then called, on
August 10-12, 1945. He is today the leading member of the U. S.
Youth Sponsoring Committee for the World Peace Appeal, which is
in charge of circulating the Communist "peace" petition among young
people in this country.
Leon Wofsy was chairman of the national organizing committee
of the subversive Labor Youth League early in 1949. He became its
chairman in December 1949.
Prior to that he had been a prominent figure in the American Youth
for Democracy which the LYL replaced. As national educational
director of the AYD he was denied a visa to attend the International
Working Youth for Democracy conference held in Communist Poland
in the summer of 1948. At the second national convention of the
American Youth for Democracy,, June 12-16, 1946, Wofsy was the
reporter of the resolutions committee. In 1948 he was executive
secretary of the New York State chapter of American Youth for
Democracy. In the fall of 1948 he was the signer of a statement to
the President and the Attorney General demanding the dismissal of
an indictment against 12 Communist leaders.
Claiming to represent 200 Labor Youth League clubs in 18 States,
Wofsy told a March 1950 meeting of the national committee of the
Communist Party, U. S. A. that the league had already engaged in "a
number of militant and demonstrative activities against the Truman
H-bomb decision and for negotiations with the U. S. S. R. * * *
and against police brutality."
SUBVERSION OF SCIENTISTS THROUGH THE "PEACE"
In view of the key role played by scientific specialists, especially
atomic scientists, in the defense program of democratic nations today,
it is small wonder that the Communists have chosen this group as a
major target of the subversive "peace" movement.
Winston Churchill has said that never in our history has greater
physical power for good or evil been placed in the hands of fewer
individuals than in the case of our atomic scientists. It is the hope of
the Communist strategists to maneuver these and other scientists
into a position where they may render the following services: (1) To
supply secret scientific information to Soviet intelligence channels;
(2) to sabotage American production of the atomic weapon; (3) to
exert any influence they have on the peoples and governments of
non-Communist nations in a direction advantageous to the Soviet
That Communists have been successful in obtaining scientists to
further the first Communist aim is demonstrated by the cases of
Alan Nunn May and Klaus Emil Fuchs in England, Raymond
Boyer in Canada, and Harry Gold in the United States; in all cases
the leakage of important atomic information to Soviet channels was
The Committee on Un-American Activities in the course of its
investigations has uncovered other successful efforts by the Com-
munists to recruit American scientists into the party, as witness the
cases of Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz, David Bohm, Ken Max Manfted,
Irving David Fox, Joseph Weinberg, Frank F. Oppenheimer, Robert
R. Davis, Clarence Hiskey, and John Hitchcock Chapin.
Certain factors operate to further the Communist designs. Some
highly specialized scientists are completely ignorant of the realities
of political affairs, and are especially devoid of information on the
devious ways of the Communist conspiracy. The Communists are
quick to play upon any such special weakness.
Communists also seek to capitalize on the fact that many scientists
are concerned about the immense destruction possible from some of the
forces they have brought to life. The Communist propaganda machine
makes every effort to undermine and destroy existing faith in demo-
cratic society and those government heads who control the disposition
of these powerful forces made available by science. Communists
would blind scientists to the fact that the United States Government
is primarily guided by humanitarian motives and is determined to use
the mighty weapon of the atom bomb only in an extreme emergency
for self defense. Communist propaganda, on the other hand, falsely
depicts the Soviet Union as a workers' and peasants' paradise where
Soviet atomic experiments are restricted to peaceful purposes.
A scientist is accustomed to believe that there are no international
barriers to scientific knowledge, that there should be complete freedom
of exchange, and that scientific considerations should be paramount
THE COMMTJ]SriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 83
to all others. Communists make skillful use of this to encourage
transmission of secret data to the Soviet Union. At no time do they
remind scientists in non-Communist nations that the Soviet Union
has no policy of scientific reciprocity and that any Soviet scientist
suspected of contact with outside scientists or governments for the
purpose of divulging information would be immediately imprisoned
The aforementioned Communist aims and tactics in regard to scien-
tists are fimdamentals of the current Communist "peace" campaign.
To mislead and attract scientists into the "peace" movement,
Frederic Joliot-Curie, Communist high commissioner of Atomic
Energy in France until dismissed recently by the French Govern-
ment, was chosen as president of the World Peace Congress and head
of its permanent committee. John Desmond Bernal, professor
of physics at Birkbeck College, London, was also chosen as a member
of the committee. Both are members of the World Federation of
Scientific Workers, another international Communist-front organiza-
tion ; both men represented the latter organization at sessions of the
World Peace Congress. Eugenie Cotton, another member of the
Peace Congress committee, is a research worker in the National Center
of Scientific Research in France and former head of the Scientific
School at Sevres.
Joliot-Curie is the foremost exponent of civil disobedience among
scientists. He has traveled widely in pursuance of this mission.
Speaking at a "peace" meeting in Bombay, India, he stated that in
capitalist countries "there exists an increasing number of scientists
who * * * no longer agree to be accomplices" of the existing
regime. He held out the Soviet Union, its European satellite nations,
and Communist China as glorious examples of "the application of
scientific methods" to the "great problems of our present existence."
He deplored arms expenditures in capitalist countries, but failed to
mention the far greater proportion of such expenses in Soviet territory.
His stress on disobedience to non-Communist governments was also
unmistakable at the previously described Stockholm Peace Conference.
There he lauded workers and dockers who had refused to deliver arms
for the defense of their country and declared that "All the defenders
of peace salute their action and are organizing ways of evincing
their solidarity both morally and materially."
Joliot-Curie then announced with satisfaction that "Groups of
scientific workers, nuclear physicists in the United States, in France,
in Great Britain, and in other countries have already stated that they
refuse to take any part in research to apply atomic energy for war
purposes." He stated that "All the members, whether scientists or
workmen, of the French Commissariat on Atomic Energy have sol-
emnly declared that they will resign should they be asked to work on
an atomic weapon," and he pronounced this action "fully justified."
This statement by Joliot-Curie was broadcast to the world by the
Moscow radio on March 24, 1950.
Espionage in behalf of the Soviet military machine was encouraged
by Joliot-Curie's assurance that "the knowledge, the research and
discoveries of a great number of scientists shall immediately be placed
in the service of peace" — in other words, in the service of the Soviet
84 THE COMMTOnST "PE^C'E" OFFENSIVE
The World Peace Congress has eagerly publicized cases where
Joliot-Curie's siren call to treason has found a cordial response. In
Defense of Peace for March 1950 reports how Dr. George Kaiser,
young Australian research scientist dismissed by the Commonwealth
Scientific and Industrial Research organization, defended his refusal
to engage in research connected with the defense of his homeland on
the ground that he holds "the same viewpoint as the world-famous
physicist, Dr. Joliot-Curie."
As a delegate to the All-Union Conference for Partisans of Peace
held in Moscow from August 25 to 29, 1949, the aforementioned John
Desmond Bemal stated that "in the capitalist world, scientific
workers have become aware of the way in which they are being used
to intensify the horrors of war." He made no reference to use of
scientists by the aggressive Soviet war machine — a factor forcing
non-Communist nations to prepare themselves for self-defense.
Overlooking marvels of scientific achievement which have created
living standards never equaled by Communist countries, Bernal
referred contemptuously to "the general decay of the capitalist
system," in which science "can never be employed usefully." He said
capitalism "has made the world not fit to live in." He was particular-
ly virulent in his attack upon the United States and he railed against
"the restriction of secrecy" in the field of American military science.
Professor Bernal was lyrical in his praise of the Soviet "paradise,"
of the "heroic Red Army," and of the "gigantic hopeful constructions
of the whole of the Soviet Union," where science is no longer "the
servant of the capitalist." This vassal of the Soviet Union then
declared, "I am so proud to be able to greet, in the name of the
scientific workers and the Partisans of Peace in the world * * *
[the] great leader and protector of peace and science. Comrade
Professor Bernal was dropped from the council of the British Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Science in November 1949 because
of his Moscow speech.
The London Observer of March 27, 1949, has referred to Professor
Bernal as "a Communist Party member." In 1948 he became presi-
dent of the British Association of Scientific Workers, whose opposite
number in this country is the American Association of Scientific
Workers. He has been a recognized fixture of World Peace Congress
sessions having attended the Wroclaw conference in August 1948
and the Paris conference in April 1949. In March 1949 he was
refused a visa by the U. S. State Department in connection with
his proposed participation in the Scientific and Cultural Conference
for World Peace. He is vice chairman of the World Federation of
Scientific Workers and a close associate of Frederic Joliot-Curie.
Madam Eugenie Cotton, president of the (Communist) Women's
International Democratic Federation, vice president of the World
Peace Congress, and a research worker in the National Center of
Scientific Research of France, echoes Joliot-Curie's treasonous appeals.
She has condemned as "men without honor or conscience" those
American scientists who work on the hydrogen bomb in an effort to
deter future aggressors. She has made no similar comment on
Soviet scientists in this field. She has defended Communists such
as Joliot-Curie as "the true lovers of peace."
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 85
To promote disaffection among scientists in democratic countries,
the governments behind the iron curtain pressured their own scientists
to write letters abroad. The Cominform organ, For A Lasting Peace,
For A People's Democracy, for June 30, 1950, announced that pro-
fessors and students of Prague University sent a letter promoting
the Stockholm Appeal to men of science at Cambridge, Oxford,
Melbourne, Copenhagen, Paris, Strasbourg, College de France, Bom-
bay, Rome, Naples, Vienna, and New York. The Polish Embassy
bulletin, Poland Today, for July 1950, described a similar letter from
587 leading Polish scientists directed to a group of American scientists.
The Moscow New Times of July 5, 1950, declared that science workers
of Communist China have called upon "scientists all over the world
to unite and fight the warmongers."
For obvious reasons the literature of the World Peace Congress
has lavished praise on American scientists critical of American policy
either in the field of foreign or domestic affairs, or atomic science.
The March 1950 issue of In Defense of Peace extols Albert Einstein
for charging the United States with "tremendous financial power in
the hands of the military, the militarization of youth * * * and
intimidation of people of independent thinking." The same issue of
In Defense of Peace commends Leo Szilard and Kirtley Mather for
demanding the outlawry of the atomic weapon in conformance with
terms set by the Soviet Union.
In the March 1950 issue of In Defense of Peace is an article entitled
"I Worked at Oak Ridge," written by an anonymous electrician,
who was dismissed from this American atomic plant. He referred
to the factory as "one huge concentration camp." Describing the
loyalty investigation procedure, he added that "This obsession of
FBI has thoroughly disgusted many scientists who have preferred
to drop their work and return to their solitary research." The article
is accompanied by a photograph of the "U Works" at Oak Ridge.
The same magazine gave prominence to the case of James Otsuka,
who was arrested for distributing leaflets against the atomic bomb
at an Oak Ridge factory where he was employed in producing uranium
LINUS CARL PAULING
A leading role in the Communist "peace" movement in the U. S.
is played by Linus Carl Pauling, head of the division of chemistry
and engineering of the University of California and former president
of the American Chemical Society. He was a member of the Ex-
plosives Division of the National Defense Research Commission
from 1942 to 1945. Despite his eminence in scientific circles, his
associations with subversive organizations and individuals are
Professor Pauling was a sponsor of the Scientific and Cultural Con-
ference for World Peace held at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria on March
25-27, 1949, arranged by the National Council of the Arts, Sciences,
and Professions. He traveled to the American Continental Congress
for Peace held in Mexico City on September 5 to 10, 1949, in which he
participated as a speaker and vice president.
He was a sponsor of the Conference on Peaceful Alternatives to the
Atlantic Pact and the signer of the following public statements by the
86 THE COMMUNIST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE
conference: On August 21, 1949, against the American arms program;
on December 14, 1949, for the Soviet proposal on atomic weapons; on
July 28, 1950, against U. S. policy in Korea.
Pauling was a member of the welcoming committee for a World
Peace Congress delegation scheduled to arrive in the United States
in March 1950. Pauling appeared before the San Francisco Con-
ference for Peace, the local affiliate of the World Peace Congress.
His whole record given below indicates that Dr. Linus Carl Pauling
is primarily engrossed in placing his scientific attainments at the
service of a host of organizations which have in common their com-
plete subservience to the Communist Party, U. S. A., and the Soviet
Union. Professor Pauling has not deviated a hair's breadth from this
pattern of loyalty to the Communist cause since 1946.
According to the Los Angeles Examiner for June 22, 1950, Professor
Pauling personally vouched for Dr. Sidney Weinbaum, a mathematical
physicist of the California Institute of Technology, and expert on jet
propulsion, who was charged with perjury and fraud on grounds that
he failed to disclose his Communist Party membership under the alias
of Sydney Empson. But Weinbaum is not the only Communist for
whom Professor Pauling has vouched. He has signed a number of
statements in behalf of the 11 Communist leaders convicted for teach-
ing the advocacy of overthrow of our Government by force and vio-
lence; such statements appeared over his name in the Daily Worker,
February 28, 1949, October 30, 1949, and Daily People's World, April
18, 1950, and June 15, 1949. He appeared as a speaker in behalf of
these cases according to the Daily People's World of October 20, 1949.
As early as November 3, 1947, he was a speaker before the Pasadena
Conference on Human Rights, in defense of the Communist Party.
The attorneys in the case of the 11 Communist leaders used such
disruptive tactics that they received citations and coijLvictions for
contempt of court. Professor Pauling signed statements in behalf of
these attorneys; the statements appeared in the Daily Worker,
December 7, 1949, and February 1, 1950.
The Civil Rights Congress, the principal organization engaged in
the defense of the 1 1 Communist leaders, has been cited as subversive
by the Attorney General. Linus Pauling was an initiating sponsor of
its Bill of Rights Conference held on July 16, 17, 1949, in New York
The Committee on Un-American Activities presented evidence of
the Communist Party membership of a group of 10 Hollywood writers
headed by John Howard Lawson and Dalton Trumbo. All refused to
affirm or deny such membership, and were convicted of contempt of
Congress. Linus Pauling was a signer of a brief submitted in the
October 1949 term of the U. S. Supreme Court in behalf of Lawson and
Trumbo. He also supported a radio program in behalf of the Holly-
wood "ten" in August, 1950. According to the Daily Worker of
January 3, 1949, he also signed a statement in their behalf issued by
the Committee of One Thousand.
Hanns Eisler, brother of Gerhart Eisler, Comintern agent, has
admitted membership in the Communist Party in Germany. He also
headed the International Music Bureau, with headquarters in Moscow.
According to the Daily Worker of December 17, 1947, Pauling signed a
petition to Attorney General Clark in behalf of Hanns Eisler, protest-
THE COMMIHSriST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 87
ing his deportation. Hanns Eisler is now active in Communist
The American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born is another
Communist organization engaged specifically in the defense of such
alien Communists as Gerhart Eisler. In July 1950 Pauling was a
sponsor for the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born.
In May 1946 Pauling appeared as a member of the board of directors
of the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and
Professions, which was admittedly built by the Communist Party as
"a great political weapon." In the same year he was vice chairman
of the Hollywood Independent Citizens' Committee of the Arts,
Sciences, and Professions.
The Daily People's World of October 20, 1949, announced a speech
by Professor Pauling on U. S. atomic policy before the National
Lawyers Guild, the "legal bulwark of the Communist Party."
The Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, which has
been cited as subversive by the Attorney General, was supported by
Dr. Pauling, according to the Daily People's World of February 6,
1950. According to the Daily Worker of February 17, 1949, Professor
Pauling signed a statement issued by the subversiv^e National Council
of American-Soviet Friendship in an attempt to pressure the President
into interviewing Stalin.
PHILIP D. MORRISON
Another important pillar of the Communists' "peace" campaign is
Philip D. Morrison, physics professor at Cornell University and for-
merly physics instructor at the San Francisco State College and the
University of Illinois.
At Chicago his work consisted of theoretical, experimental, and
design work in connection with the plutonium-producing chain reac-
tors. In October 1944 he was attached to Los Alamos where he was
concerned with the active components of the atomic bomb. He went
to the Mariana Islands to aid in the final assembly work on the bomb,
assisting General Farrell, deputy of Gen. Leslie R. Groves, in charge
of the atomic project.
On June 4,5, and 6, 1948, Philip Morrison was an active participant
in a Conference for Peace held in Los Angeles. Dr. Morrison was a
speaker and member of the program committee at the Scientific and
Cultural Conference for World Peace held on Alarch 25-27, 1949, at
the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria in New York City, under the auspices of the
National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions. He was a
publicly announced sponsor of the World Peace Congress held in Paris
on April 20 to 24, 1949.
Professor Morrison travels up and down the country on his Red
mission. According to the Daily Worker of February 28, 1949, he
appeared before the Maryland Committee for Peace as a speaker. He
was a featured speaker at the Mid-Centurv Conference for Peace held
in Chicago, May 29, 30, 1950. The Daily Worker of June 16 and 20,
1950, proclaimed that Morrison had signed the World Peace Appeal.
On December 14, 1949, he had signed another statement for The
Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact.
In the issue of the National Guardian, a leftist weekly publication,
dated December 12, 1949, there is a review by Professor Morrison of a
88 THE COMMUNIST "PEiACE" OFFENSIVE
pamphlet entitled "Atomic Energy and Society." The author of the
pamphlet is one James S. Allen, and it was published by International
Publishers (1949), official publishing house of the Communist Party,
U. S. A.
James S. Allen is the pseudonym for Solomon Auerbach, a Com-
munist Party literary hack, whose greatest academic distinction is a
bachelor of arts degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He has
been an editor of the Sunday Worker, a contributor to such Com-
munist theoretical organs as the Communist and Political Affairs, and
an instructor at party schools. He is a prolific writer of Communist
pamphlets, and his works have been widely quoted in the Moscow
press. Louis F, Budenz, former managing editor of the Daily Worker,
has identified James S. Allen as a m.ember of the inner ring of the
CPUSA, in close contact with Soviet agents who are the actual
formulators of Communist policy. James Allen's pamphlet, "Atomic
Energy and Society," is unquestionably the authoritative Communist
Party line on atomic energy.
Professor Morrison, in his review, awarded high praise to Allen's
pamphlet. He suggested that it "deserves sober reading." For some
paradoxical reason, he seems to believe that this "writer on economics
and history from the Marxist standpoint" is equipped to pass judgment
on atomic matters simply by virtue of his application of Marxist
"analytical method." Speaking of himself as a member of the "pro-
gressive" movement, Morrison referred to Allen's work as "a tool in
the shaping of such a movement." It might be noted that Com-
munists commonly refer to themselves as "progressive" for purposes
An examination of the views of Professor Morrison and James S;
Allen discloses a striking similarity, as demonstrated by the following
Philip Morrison James S. Allen, in Atomic Energy and
OPPOSITION TO PRECAUTIONS AGAINST ESPIONAGE
The House Committee for Un- But this difficulty is compounded
American Activities has eaten up whole many times over by the stiff military
forests of Canadian spruce to display censorship, which imposes a mountain
its generally ill-constructed and pal- of restrictions upon the exchange of
pable misstatements about atomic es- scientific and technical information,
pionage (speech before the National Whatever remains of freedom of dis-
Council of American Soviet Friendship, cussion among scientists, and between
October G, 1949). them and the public, is now stifled
He (Dr. Morrison) called attention to almost entirely by "spy scares," con-
the fact that the militarists used it to gressional inquisitions, and "loyalty"
bolster the belief that security for the oaths (p. 7).
country can lie in the hands of the best (Editor's Note. — Thus far there
preservers of the almost "wholly fie- have been no evidences that the
titious secrets." * * * Dr. Morri- U. S. S. R. intends to lift its veil of
son was deeply concerned that scientific secrecy in regard to atomic energy or
workers who disagreed with FBI were any other phases of life behind the iron
barred from employment in the growing curtain.)
areas of Government-supported science
(Daily Worker, November 18, 1947,
pp. 8, 9).
THE COMMtlNlST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 89
PRAISE OF SOVIET SCIENCE
In spite of secrecy, the President * * * ^^e ground covered in the
learns of an atomic explosion inside United States has been mastered, and
of the U. S. S. R. * * * We knew that Soviet science has proceeded fur-
from the beginning that a nation ther. * * * However, it is * * *
capable of waging war and of playing the ability of Soviet society to attain
the major role in the winning of a great it (more production) for the benefit of
victory was a nation which could solve the people on an ever-ascending scale
this problem in time. * * * Any that marks the essential difference
great power, and the Soviet Union is between Soviet Union and capital-
today the greatest foreign power, can ist countries. * * * As a result,
have success. * * * gut the sue- the Soviet Union enjoys much greater
cess of the scientists, engineers, and freedom and flexibility in the exploita-
working people of the Soviet Union tion of new techniques than our coun-
in completing a project which Americans try (pp. 74, 75, 77).
once completed in a similar time has in
it a note of hope (speech before the
National Council of American Soviet
Friendship, October 6, 1949).
USE OF ATOMIC ENERGY IN U. S.
His argument is straightfor- At the present moment the productive
ward. * * * He [Allen] views capacity of atomics remains potential,
* * * the Atomic Energy Commis- mainly because the new technique is
sion * * * as merely the facade of devoted to military purposes. * * *
state ownership behind which private This situation also leads to the most
monopoly control continues * * * reactionary political consequences,
preventing the increase of productive This is exemplified by the total mili-
capacity * * * satisfied with the tarization of atomics in the service of
bombs as part of an aggressive foreign an aggressive imperialist policy
policy (National Guardian, December * * * (pp g^ 44) _
12, 1949, p. 11).
There is no use denying that some
Americans really * * * planned
the divine event — an attack on the
U. S. S. R. with this new magical device
(speech on October 6, 1949, before
Dr. Morrison is a ready supporter of fantastic stories of accomplish-
ment in the Soviet Union. In the November 28, 1949, issue of the
National Guardian, Morrison was highly enthusiastic about certain
"mountain-razing" experiments with atomic bombs which Soviet
scientists allegedly conducted in Siberia. He cited these tall tales as
"a demonstration of the peaceable use of high explosive."
An individual so strategically situated in the scientific world was
not overlooked by Soviet publicists, who singled him out for their
kudos in the Moscow "Red Fleet" in mid-February 1950, and on the
Moscow Soviet Home Service broadcast of July 8, 1950.
Morrison's name is repeatedly included among the sponsors of a
number of Communist-front organizations, such as the American
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born and the Joint Anti-Fascist
Professor Morrison has for some time been an open and active
protagonist of the 11 Communist leaders convicted for teaching the
advocacy of the overthrow of the Government of the United States by
force and violence. His name has appeared on a number of occasions
in the Daily Worker as a signer of statements in behalf of these men,
notably on January 17, February 28, July 18, and October 28, 1949.
On May 5, 1950, he is listed as signing a statement in behalf of Eugene
90 THE COMMITISriST "PEACE" OFFEON^SIVE
Dennis, former general secretary of the Communist Party, and one
of the 1 1 convicted men. In other words he has pubhcly alined himself
with the Communist Party.
The Civil Rights Congress has been the chief instrument for the
legal defense of the convicted Communist leaders. On November 18,
1947, and on June 28, 1949, Professor Morrison was listed in the Daily
Worker as a speaker for the Civil Rights Congress. On June 6, 1949,
he was listed as the signer of a Civil Rights Congress statement against
jailing the Communist leaders. On June 21, 1949, he was publicized
as the chairman of a Civil Rights Congress panel in behalf of the
Morrison supported the lawyers for the convicted Communists
after the lawyers were convicted of contempt of court, according to
the Daily Worker of February 1, 1950. The chief anathema of the
Communist conspirators is the FBI; this agenc}^ was attacked by
Professor Morrison in the Daily Worker of May 12, 1947. Morrison
sent his greeting to the W^orlccr in connection with the celebration of
May Day, 1948, an international Communist holiday.
He sponsored a conference of the subversive National Council of
the Arts, Sciences, and Professions held on October 9-10, 1948, and
signed its statement attacking the Committee on Un-American Activ-
ities in December of the same year. This organization actively
opposed the dismissal of Communist teachers, and Dr. Morrison
affixed his name to a statement to that effect appearing in the Nation,
February 19, 1949. The Daily Worker lists him as a speaker for the
National Council in March 1950 in Philadelphia, and again in
The examples of the pro-Communist sympathies and affiliations of
certain scientists cited above pose a grave problem for the security of
our country. It requires careful study and action.
The considerations of national security demand adequate pre-
cautionary measures in connection with all scientific personnel.
Picture if you can such a person as Steve Nelson, who has only educa-
tional training in Marxism and Communist tactics, dictating to a
group of academically trained and brilliant scientists. This was the
case in a Communist cell operating in California, which had as its
members a group of brilliant young physicists.
Johannes Steel, radio commentator and writer in the United States,
is another leading participant in the subversive "peace" campaign.
His work in this connection has received wide publicity and praise
from Communists both here and abroad.
Steel, however, has served as a willing tool of the Communist Party
virtually since he first set foot in the United States some 15 years ago,
and his role in the "peace" movement is completely in keeping with
The committee includes the record of Mr. Steel herewith, as illus-
trative of the SO' called "prominent Americans" who are today deliber-
ately promoting the newest Communist cause of "peace."
According to his own memoirs, Steel arrived in New York from
Germany in January 1934, so poverty-stricken that he did not have
the $250 required by law to enter the country. He admits that he
THE COMIMtI^^ST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 91
lied to the immigration inspector and claimed that he had $500. In
spite of his admission that "America had been good to me," Steel
became one of the most arrogant fulminators against the country
which gave him refuge.
In 1935 Steel's name first publicly appeared in connection with a
Communist-front organization. This was 3 years before he received
his American citizenship. Since 1935 he has vigorously and contin-
uously participated in front organizations. Documents are available
which demonstrate his support of the following organizations which
have been cited by official government agencies as Communist or
Communist fronts: International Workers Order; American League
Against War and Fascism; ^imerican League for Peace and Democracy;
Soviet Russia Today; National Council of American-Soviet Friend-
ship; International Labor Defense; Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Com-
mittee ; Win-the-Peace Conference ; Civil Rights Congress ; Committee
for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy; American Council for a Demo-
cratic Greece; May Day Parade; American Slav Congress; American
Committee for Yugoslav Relief; and the Washington Cooperative
With the advent of the Communists' current "peace" campaign,
Steel outdid hunself in its behalf.
Steel served the World Peace Congress in various capacities. He
was a sponsor of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace
held in New York City on March 25 to 27, 1949. He was a member of
the World Peace Congress delegation which appeared before the
French Parliament in February 1950 and before the Soviet Parliament
in March 1950. He was also a delegate to the Stockholm conference,
described in a previous section of this report.
Even more important, Steel dedicated his radio and writing talents
to the Communists' "peace" movement.
When Steel conducted a nightly program as a "news commentator"
over New York's Station WHN in 1946, his listeners were given the
Communists' propaganda about the atom bomb and an alleged
United States incitement of war against the Soviet Union.
His anti-United States, pro-Communist bias was revealed in his
broadcast on September 3, 1946, when he commented on the shooting
down of American planes by Communist Yugoslavia. In the teeth
of the outrage which swept the Nation, Steel tossed this challenge:
The treatment of that incident on the pa'-t of the American press is, by all odds,
one of the most shameful chapters in the history of American journalism. The
manner in which this incident was used to incite to war was unprecedented.
* * * "Phe incident was considered by the European press as a natural
result of American policy in Europe.
In the same broadcast he said:
Yes, we have friends in Europe today. All our ex-enemies are our friends.
The fascists of yesterday are our drinking companions of today.
Early in 1947 Steel began publication of a monthly newsletter called
"Report on World Affairs," which he claimed would give readers the
"true meaning of everything going on in the world." Actually, it
dispensed the Communist Party line, with heavy emphasis on the
When Moscow instituted the Berlin blockade, Steel issued a
"Report" which sneered at the heroic Berlin airlift as "the bungle of
Berlin" and as an "expensive and idiotic airlift farce." In this same
92 THE COMMUNIST "PElACE" OFFENSIVE;
"Report," Steel openly commended Italian Communist leader
Palmiro Togliatti's avowal of loyalty to^the Soviet Union:
Togliatti openly declared that any attempt to bring Italy into a U. S.-fomented
war against the Soviet Union would lead to civil war in Italy. Every political
observer in the country knows this to be true; the same apphes in France.
In line with Communist policies, his publication castigated the
Atlantic pact :
Today, the governments who will sign the Atlantic pact, who will form the
Council of Europe and the so-called Western European Federation, are phantom
governments and completely unrepresentative * * *. The Atlantic pact * * *
is a chimera. Washington is making pacts with governments, simply forgetting
about the people who will not stand for these governments very much longer.
Steel was quick to join in the Communist attack on Cardinal
Mindszenty, victim of a Communist purge trial in Hungary, declaring
there could have been no doubt in the mind of anyone not subverted by the
abracadabra of ecclesiastical voodoo that the trial was not a religious one but
merely a routine political trial * * *.
By way of contrast, however, he rushed to the defense of the 11
Communist leaders convicted of advocating the overthrow of the
United States Government by force and violence, as follows:
The trial of 11 leaders of the Communist Party of the United States * * *
is merely part of the cold war which is freezing America into fascism. * * *
When the world-wide Communist movement swung into its cam-
paign to sabotage the Marshall plan. Steel echoed the Communist line
in his own "Report":
The secret of American foreign policy in Europe is as startling as it is simple
* * *. We are financing a class war * * *_ That is the sum total and
content of American Foreign policy.
The Marshall plan is not designed to bring about European recovery * * *
it is nothing more than an instrument for class warfare * * *
On January 28, 1950, the Soviet Home Service broadcast referred
to Steel as "a progressive journalist" who "defends peace." The
broadcast announced that "the Foreign Literature Publishing House
in Moscow has recently printed a booklet by Johannes Steel called
In Defense of Peace." The booklet was described by Moscow as
"devoted to the unmasking of the aggressive foreign policy of the
United States" where "the U. S. circles are openly leading a policy
of preparing a new war." Steel's booklet referred to the Communist
regimes of Eastern Europe as "popular democracies" which are "going
through a process of great social and moral renaissance while the
Western European countries are in a state of moral and social decay."
Despite acts of Soviet aggression, Steel unblushingly declared that the
"peace-loving character of the Soviet foreign policy" was manifested
"from the moment the Soviet state was founded."
The March 1950 issue of the World Peace Congress magazine, In
Defense of Peace, featured an article by Steel which contains a
scathing attack upon the American press, radio, and news reel; the
investigations and trials of Communist leaders; the American labor
movement; as well as American intellectuals:
The word "peace" is subversive. That is the paramount political reality in the
United States today * * * all channels of communication such as press,
radio, and news reels are in the service of the warmongers and keep up an unceasing
24-hour barrage of war propaganda.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 93
* * * Hysteria * * * continues unabated as a result of political witch
hunts, spy trials, and congressional investigations, all aimed at the limitation of
traditional American freedoms.
Important in this respect is the fact that recent Supreme Court decisions have
given the administration new legal weapons to further enlarge the power of the
police and restrict the civil rights of citizens * * *,
Labor has abdicated its leadership in the struggle for peace. * * * The
fine militancy shown, for instance, in the recent miners' strike, was a purely trade-
union matter without any political implications * * *
Perhaps the saddest aspect of the contemporary American scene is the wide-
spread failure of the intellectuals to fight actively in the movement for
peace * * *. Today, when we need them most, we have neither an Aragon
nor a Neruda (pp. 8-10).
The Paris meeting of the World Congress for Peace in April 1949
decided to institute "International Peace Prizes," in competition with
the Nobel Prize. It was to be awarded at the second world peace
congress in 1950. In Defense of Peace, official journal of the "peace"
offensive, announced in its March 1950 issue that Johannes Steel had
offered his own newsletter, Report on World Affairs, for a prize.
Steel frequently reveals information which could only have been
obtained from Communist inside sources both here and abroad —
channels which are open only to those possessing the complete confi-
dence of Moscow. A very recent example is to be found in Steel's
efforts to help the Communists fool the world into believing that
South Korea was the aggressor in the present war. In exclusive
stories prmted in the Daily Compass, Steel described certain docu-
ments seized by the North Koreans in their capture of Seoul, the South
Korean capital, and announced that Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Jacob Malik might put them before the United Nations Security
On February 19, 1950, during the Soviet boycott of the United
Nations, Steel announced a column in the Daily Compass:
When the Soviet Union returns to participation in the various UN organiza-
tions following the eliminations of the Chinese Nationalists from the UN, its first
major act will be to propose an international agreement outlawing the building
and use of hydrogen bombs.
In the light of Steel's utterances, therefore, it is completely mider-
standable that the Communist movement has been unstinting in its
praise of Steel. Steel's articles and speeches have been reprinted for
years by the Communist Daily Worker and the Daily People's World
in the United States. Steel frequently has been quoted and praised in
broadcasts originating in and directed to iron curtain countries. The
Moscow radio at least twice has expressed praise and approval of
Steel immediately following the Korean invasion. For a Lasting
Peace, For a People's Democracy, official organ of the Cominform, has
also furnished its stamp of approval. Pravda, the Moscow daily,
called Steel a "sincere friend of the Soviet Union" in its issue of May
In 1946, during a bye election in New York City, Steel ran on the
American Labor Party ticket in the Nineteenth Congressional f)istrict.
The Worker of January 30, 1946, carried an editorial, The Johannes
Steel Campaign, announcing all-out support of Steel, who "looms as
one of the fightingest Representatives in Congress." Steel not only
accepted but welcomed this active Communist support, saying he
hated "the whole caboodle of stumble-bum politicians in Congress."
The Daily Worker of February 18, 1946, reported that three Commu-
94 THE COMMUTilST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
nist Party clubs had issued leaflets supporting Steel and had given as
one of their main reasons for backing him his opposition to investiga-
tion of communism (called "Red-baiting" by Communist adherents).
Further evidcuce of Steel's high standing in Communist circles was
brought out on the occasion of the Foreign Ministers' conference at
Moscow in March of 1947. With great difficulty the State Depart-
ment had induced Russia to raise the quota of U. S. press and radio
correspondents at the conference from 20 to 36. Therefore, 36 corre-
spondents were accredited by the United States Government to attend
the conference. Steel stood fifty-second on the list of applicants and
was not accredited. Nevertheless, Steel obtained a Russian visa and
was admitted to the conference. The U. S. S. R. had bypassed or
ignored the State Department in his favor, even though Steel did not
represent any important news or radio service, as did many other
applicants who had to be refused admission. Steel covered the con-
ference in behalf of his own private monthly newsletter, the Johannes
Steel Report on World Affau-s, distributed by subscription only. He
subsequently issued a "Report" stating that the United States was
trying its utmost to "sink the conference." He had the following to
say about the Soviet Union's position:
♦ * * no one can deny that there is not a single nation in the world which
is more diligent in its search for peace, or more determined and logical in the fight
ROLE OF THE MOSCOW RADIO IN THE "PEACE"
The Moscow radio is an important medium in guiding and promot-
ing the Communist "peace" movement in the United States.
It broadcasts organizational directives to the Communist leaders
and promoters of the "peace" movement in this country, and it also
disseminates fraudulent "peace" propaganda in an attempt to
create confusion and discontent among the American people.
During the early years of Communist activities in the United
States, the Daily Worker published the Comintern's directives on
Communist policies and methods of organization. If a change in
the party line occurred, the member discovered it from the party
paper. In recent years, however, the Moscow radio has been an in-
creasingly important source of guidance. Russian broadcasts have
been instructing the Communists in their attitudes on public ques-
tions, especially those concerning foreign policy, and have been
directing party leaders in new methods of organization and new
techniques in agitation. So important has radio become as a means
of directing party activities that secret Communist operators are re-
quired to possess sending and receiving short-wave sets as standard
The Russian radio is sufficiently powerful for this purpose. It has
5 to 12 transmitters, with power ranging from 25 to 100 kilowatt-
hours, broadcasting to the United States for 4 hom-s and 40 minutes
every day. Reception strength varies from nil to excellent and has
an average of fair to good.
Bob Lauter, in a regular Daily Worker column entitled, "Around the
Dial," from time to time gives information about the Soviet Union's
short-wave broadcasts. On April 21, 1950, he informed his readers
what frequencies used by Moscow could be heard in spite of inter-
ference from coded signals. The column supplied the following
15.23 Mc— Very poor at this time.
11.88 Mc. — The best. Very good at all times.
11.78 Mc. — Very poor.
9.72 Mc— Poor at this time.
9.67 Mc. — Very good. At times it is interfered with by coded signals and other
9.60 Mc— Cannot be heard (?).
7.29 Mc. — Very good. Clear all the way.
These branches to the U. S. A. mav be heard on the frequencies indicated at:
6:15-7:30; 8:00-10:00; and at 10:00 (all times are P. M.)
Besides the Daily Worker, other Communist publications aid the
American listener in locating the Russian short-wave programs.
The New Times, published in English by Trud, a Moscow newspaper,
on May 17 and again on June 21, gave the following schedule of the
Moscow radio broadcasts for the summer of 1950:
96 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Moscow radio broadcasts — summer schedule 1950 — -program beamed to North America
Eastern daylight saving time
22.30-24.00 - - -
The broadcasts include news bulletins, reviews of the Soviet press, talks on
Soviet life, commentaries on world affairs, literary and feature programs, mail-bag
and musical programs.
The New Times of August 30, 1950, announced the following programs:
Moscow radio broadcasts
-summer schedule lOSO—programs beamed to North
Eastern standard time
1 25. 08
\ 19. 76
f 19. 85
\ 25. 37
I 30. 96
Between 21.00 and 21.30 Radio Moscow closes down its service on 19.7 and 19.85
Moscow employs several techniques to reach more effectively its
American audience. It broadcasts open letters from celebrated
Russian musicians, authors, and scientists to famous Americans in
comparable fields, calling upon them to support the "peace" move-
ment. One program, which is devoted to the mail bag, answers
letters of inquiry from Americans located in many different communi-
ties. These broadcasts give the impression of intimacy between the
Soviet radio and the American listening audience. Much time is
devoted to commentaries on the news. Editorials are read from the
Russian paper, Pravda, and from such American papers as the Daily
Compass, and the Daily Worker. The commentaries are a means of
THE COMMtn^IST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 97
issuing dii-ectives to party workers and also of disseminating propa-
ganda among the American public.
During 1950, the Moscow radio called for the formation of a national
committee to coordinate the "peace" activities of local committees in
communities m the United States, The radio further suggested the
observation of a special week to be known as the Fight for Peace and
Democracy Week. A month prior to the Mid-Century Conference
for Peace, held in Chicago in May 1950, the Moscow radio demanded
the collection of 250,000 signatures as a preparation for the conference.
On August 1, 1950, the radio warned the "peace" campaigners to
give more attention to rural workers and the middle class; to get more
support from cultural, women's and youth organizations; and to hound
civil and political leaders with the "peace" program.
The Soviet radio has appealed to American college students to
sign the Stockholm Peace Appeal, and has urged them to hold rallies
and form delegations in behalf of the Communists' "peace" campaign.
Soviet broadcasters have attempted to dissuade seamen and dockers
throughout the world from handling American arms and other military
supphes. On January 19, 1950, the broadcasters applauded the dock-
ers of Marseilles, Toulon, LaRochelle, Rouen, Dunkirk, and La Havre
for refusing to handle American military shipments. On the same day,
the Moscow radio broadcasted an open appeal to the longshoremen
of the United States Atlantic coast from the National Federation of
Dockers and Port Workers of France, urging the Americans not to
load war material intended for shipment to France in connection with
the North Atlantic Defense Pact. This agitation among the seamen
continued during March and April 1950.
The Moscow radio similarly agitated factory workers, exhorting
them in the name of "peace" to demand a change-over from the
production of war goods to the production of civilian goods. The
radio gave this bold command: "Make tractors and machine tools —
do not make machines of death. Do not succumb to the temptation
of temporary earnings^think of the future." No such proposal would
have been tolerated for an instant in connection with the feverish
production of war materials in the Soviet Union.
Soviet broadcasters eventually grew even bolder. On July 30,
1950, they called upon listeners to "seize the arms of the warmongers."
This is nothing less than an incitement to civil war. And on August
4, 1950, a Moscow broadcast to the United States called for aiding the
"peace" movement by refusing to volunteer for military service and
by ignoring draft registrations. On August 28, 1950, the radio pub-
licized an open letter to American soldiers in Korea, in which Ameri-
cans were branded "aggressors" and threatened with the ever-lasting
hatred of people everywhere in the world.
The scm-rilous attacks on American leaders and American policy,
which have characterized the whole Communist "peace" campaign,
are repeated again and again in Soviet broadcasts to the United States,
in,an effort to create confusion and discontent among American lis-
teners. Nor does the Moscow radio hesitate to broadcast propaganda
aimed at inciting racial hostilities in this country. The Moscow radio
reserves its praise for the Communists, fellow travelers, and front
organizations which serve the Soviet cause. On July 18, 1950, it
radioed congratulations to the National Council of the Arts, Sciences
98 THE COMMUNIST "PE^CE" OFFENSIVE
and Professions for sending a peace petition, signed by 5,000 persons,
to President Truman. It has also awarded special praise to the Na-
tional Labor Conference for Peace, the Peace Information Center, and
the American Slav Congress.
It is evident from its broadcasts that Moscow receives detailed
reports of "peace" activities in the United States. Reports are sent
in from meetings as small as one in Smmyside, N. Y. On July 31,
1950, the Moscow radio broadcasted the following summary of the
"peace" movement in the United States:
Reports are arriving from the United States of meetings protesting against
the aggressive policj^ of Washington and London and of the savage persecution
of peace partisans. One thousand eight hundred people toolc part in a meeting
organized by the Michigan Progressive Party, which supported the demand to
stop the intervention in Korea and to ban the atomic bomb. Five hundred
people took part in a similar meeting in Boston. Reports are arriving from
Philadelphia, Connecticut, Detroit, and other places around the successful col-
lection of signatures under the Stockholm Peace Appeal.
In this brief review of some of the activities of the Moscow radio
in connection with the current "peace" campaign, we have merely
scratched the surface with the meager facilities at our command.
A more far reaching survey should be made to show the full range
of Moscow broadcasts as well as the extent of their reception in this
country. Although Moscow has gone to considerable expense to
block foreign broadcasts by the installation of elaborate jamming
devices, our radio frontier is wide open. Recalling the famous Orson
Welles broadcast of October 1938, which was scripted by Howard
Koch, a card-carrying member of the Communist Party, and which
threw the Nation into a panic, it may well be that some systematic
and effective precautionary measures are urgently essential.
ARTICLES DEALING WITH THE WORLD PEACE CONGRESS APPEARING IN
For A Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy
(Bucharest, Organ of the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers'
September 1, 1948
World Congress of Culture in Defense of Peace
September 15, 1948
Congress in Wroclaw: Battle for Peace and Culture — by Emilio Sereni
October 15, 1948
British Peace Campaign Grows Stronger
December 15, 1948
Committee in Defense of Peace in Britain
January 15, 1949
Working People of France Organizing Councils for Defense of Peace and Freedom
March 1, 1949
Manifesto of the International Coordinating Committee of Cultural Workers in
Defense of Peace
Congress of French Intellectuals for Culture and Peace
March 15, 1949
World Peace Congress
April 1, 1949
National Congress in Defense of Peace in Brazil
U. S. A. Cultural and Scientific Congress for World Peace
A. A. Fadayev's Speech at Closing Meeting of the U. S. Cultural and Scientific
Congress for World Peace
Preparatory Committee for World Peace Congress
Rumanian Scientific Congress in Defense of Peace
April 15, 1949
Movement of People's Masses for Lasting Peace, Against Imperialist Instigators
of New War is Growing and Extending
What the Ordinary People Think (France)
Meetings and Demonstrations (Poland)
British Workers Oppose War Against the Soviet Union
In Defense of Freedom
Expose the Warmongers (Rumania)
The Will of the People of Bulgaria
Czech Scientist's Statement
Italian Women Send Letter to Truman
The Soviet People in the Struggle for Peace — by A. Surkov
May 1, 1949
Manifesto — World Peace Congress
World Peace Congress
French Intellectuals and the Cause of Peace — by Aime Cesaire; Deputy, French
100 THE COMMUOTST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
May 16, 1949
Peace Congress in Tokyo
All-Canada Peace Congress
June 1, 1949
Fight for Peace — The Cause of All Peoples
June 15, 1949
Movement of the Peoples for a Lasting Peace, Against the Warmongers is Growing
World Peace Congress Delegates Report Back
Growing Activity of French People
Peace Movement in Rumania
Preparations for Peace Congress in Hungary
Mass Protests in U. S. Against Atlantic Pact
Appeal from World Federation of Democratic Youth
Italian Working People's Petition
In Defense of Peace
August 1, 1949
Peace Movement in France
September 1 — Peace Day in Germany
August 15, 1949
Havana Peace Congress
September 1, 1949
All-Union Conference of Supporters of Peace in Moscow
Peace Congress in Mexico
Peace Committees in Scandinavia
Munich Will Never Be Repeated! (Czechoslovak Peace Committee)
September 16, 1949
Peace Day Preparations in France
September 23, 1949
Eve of Peace Day
Struggle of the French People for Peace — by Raymond Guvot, Member,
Political Bureau, Communist Party of France
September 30, 1949
Defense of Peace — The Concern of the Peoples of the World
Soviet Working People Prepare for Peace Day
For World Peace Against Warmongers!
On the Eve of Peace Day — October 2:
Defend the Cause of Peace — by Academician Petru Constantinescu-lasi
Vice Chairman of the National Assembly (Rumania)
National Peace Ballot in France
Militant Review of Democratic Forces — by Laszlo Orben, Member,
Central Committee, Hungarian Workers Party
German People Against Warmongers
Meeting in London
Polish People Fight for Peace
Call of Danish Women Communists
Demonstrations and Meetings in Czechoslovakia
National Trade Union Peace Conference in the United States
Peace Meetings in India
October 7, 1949
New Powerful Upsurge of World Movement for Peace Against the Warmongers
October 21, 1949
National Congress of Belgian Partisans of Peace
Struggle of Italian Women for Peace and Freedom — by Maria Maddalena Rossi,
Chairman, Italian Women's League
November 4, 1949
Session of World Peace Permanent Committee
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE:" OFFENSIVE 101
November 18, 1949
Struggle of Latin-American People for Peace
November 29, 1949
Defense of Peace and the Struggle Against the Warmongers — Resolution of the
Information Bureau of the Communist Parties
December 2, 1949
Defense of Peace and the Struggle Against the Warmongers — Report by M.
Suslov submitted to the Meeting of the Information Bureau of the Communist
Parties held in the second half of November 1949
A Powerful Weapon in the Struggle for Peace
Peace Forces Rally Against War
Call to Further Struggle
December SO, 1949
Call of the World Peace Congress Committee
January 6, 1950
Activities of the Italian People in Defense of Peace
People of France Are Fighting for Peace — by Etienne Fajon, Member, Political
Bureau, Communist Party of France
January IS, 1950
Fight for Peace — The Main Task — by I. Chisinevschi, Secretary, Central Com-
mittee, Rumanian Workers' Party
January 27, 1950
Millions Rising in Struggle for Peace
Genoa Dockers Refuse to Unload Munitions
Peace Demonstration in Syria
Action Committees in Algiers
Petitions in Defense of Peace in Belgium
February 3, 1950
Peace Movement is Growing and Gaining Strength
Peace Meeting in New York
Netherlands Workers Protest Against U. S. Arms Shipments
In the Rumanian Peoples Republic
People of Western Germany — Against War Preparations
Working People of France Fight for Peace
Wide-Scale Peace Movement in Italy
February 10, 1950
Raise Higher the Banner of the Peoples World-Wide Struggle for Peace
People of Italy Continue to Struggle for Peace and Democratic Rights
Peace Movement Successes in Poland
Ohio Trade Union Peace Conference
Czechoslovak People Support Demands in Defense of Peace — by Anezkd
Hodinova-Spurna, Chairman, Czechoslovak Peace Committee
February 24, 1950
Mighty Peace Movement Growing in All Lands
Struggle for Peace in Italy
Bulgarian People Actively Upholding the Cause of Peace — bv Zola
Dragoicheva, Chairman, Bulgarian National Peace Committee
Peace Councils in Austria
British Youth Intensify Fight for Peace
March S, 1950
Peace Delegation Arrives in Italy
March 10, 1950
Camp of Peace Supporters is Growing
Delegation of Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress Arrives in the
U. S. S. R.
People's Masses in Poland Against Warmongers
National Assembly of Czechoslovakia Discusses Proposals of the Permanent
102 THE COMMUNIST "PEAiCE" OFFENSIVE
March 17, 1950
Peace Messengers Welcomed in the U. S. S. R.
Peace Movement in Rumania
National Congress of Fighters for Peace and Freedom in France
March 24, 1950
Session of Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress
The Mighty Peace Front Will Foil Criminal Designs of the Warmongers
Congresses in Defense of Peace (Albania and Israel)
March SI, 1950
Working People in CapitaHst Countries Are Fighting for Peace, Bread, and
Appeal of Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress
Toil Criminal Schemes of the Warmongers (on Stockholm Appeal) (lists activities
in Rumania, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Japan)
The Struggle for Peace Will Unite Millions of People in All Countries — by Jorge
Amado, Member Permanent Committee, World Peace Congress
On the Eve of the All-Australian Peace Congress
Irish Workers Demand Peace and Independence
April 7, 1950
Frustrate Criminal Plans of the Warmongers!
Peoples of All Countries Support Decisions of Permanent Committee of World
April 14, 1950
For Hundreds of MiUions of Signatures to the Appeal for the Prohibition of the
Appeal of Permanent Peace Committee of the Rumanian People's Republic
Peoples of All Countries Support the Appeal of the Permanent Committee of the
World Peace Congress
France — Bar the War to War!
Italy — MiUions of Signatures in Defense of Peace
April 21, 1950
Peoples of World Support Appeal of Permanent Committee, World Peace Congress
Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Cuba, France, Bulgaria, India
Rumanian Peasants Struggle for Peace — by Mihail Sadoveanu, Academician
Member, Permanent Committee of World Peace Congress, Chairman, Perma-
nent Peace Committee of the Rumanian People's RepubUc
April 28, 1950
MiUions of People Signing Appeal of the Permanent Committee of World Peace
Congress, Bulgaria, Brazil, Rumania, Italy, Britain
MiUtant Tasks of the Struggle for Peace
For Peace, Freedom and Democracy!— by Marcel Cachin, Member, PoUtburo,
French Communist Party
The Great Aim of the Peoples — -by Frederic Joliot-Curie, Chairman, Permanent
Committee of the World Peace Congress
In the Chinese People's RepubUc
Support for the Appeal of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace
Journal of Peace Supporters
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 103
Peace Movement in Finland — by Mayri Ryoma — Member, Politburo, Central
Committee, Communist Party of Finland
International Solidarity of Partisans of Peace is Invincible — by Anna Pauker,
Secretary, Central Committee, Rumanian Workers' Party
To Save Peace is the Duty of the International Proletariat — by Giuseppe di
Vittorio, Chairman, World Federation of Trade Unions
Peace Movement is Growing and Gaining Strength
Working People of Hungary Signing Appeal for Prohibition of Atomic
Danish Dockers Protest Against Denmark Being Turned into a U. S. Arsenal
May 5, 1950
Working People of All Lands Celebrated May Day Under Slogan of Defense of
Peace and Prohibition of Atomic Weapon
May 12, 1950
For Hundreds of Millions of Signatures to the Appeal of the Permanent Commit-
tee of World Peace Congress
"Peace Special" in Britain
May 19, 1950
For Hundreds of Millions of Signatures to the Appeal for Banning the Atomic
Communique of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress
Peace Movement Growing in Scale in All countries of the World
Hungarian People on Guard for Peace — by Zoltan Komocsin, Head of Agitation
Department, Central Committee, Hungarian Workers' Party
May 26, 1950
Foil Criminal Plans of the Warmongers
Vigorous Activity of the Czechoslovak People
Appeal of the World Federation of Trade Unions to the Working People of
Plans of Reactionary Clergy Fail
Peace Meeting in Budapest
Voice of the Brazilian People
Noble Initiative of Polish Scientists and Students
Repressions Against Partisans of Peace in Britain
In the Bulgarian People's Republic
When the Marshallised Press Breaks Silence
Thomas Mann's Statement
Practical Actions of Italian Working People in Defense of Peace
French Youth in the Struggle for Peace — by Victor Michaut, Member, Political
Bureau, French Communist Party
June 2, 1950
Trade Unions in the Fight for Peace
Prohibition of the Atomic Weapon — Demand by Outstanding Figures in Italy
Movement in Defense of Peace in Korea — by Khan Ser Ya, Chairman, All-Korea
National Peace Committee
Collection of Signatures in France
On Guard for World Peace — by Kuo Mo-jo, Chairman, China Committee of the
World Congress of Partisans of Peace
Open Letter from Polish Scientists to Scientists in U. S.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace
March 25, 26, and 27, 1949, New York City
The following list of sponsors of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for
World Peace, said to be correct as of yesterday, was given out by the National
Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions, sponsor of the conference: ^
Rev. Charles B. Ackley
Dr. Charles Christopher
Rev. Stacy Adams
Dr. Thomas Addis
Robert E. Alexander
OUver S. Allen
Prof. Ethel J. Alpenfels
Prof. Marston Balch
W. W. Ballard
Josephine C. Barbour
Rev. Wade Crawford Bar-
S. L. M. Barlow
Prof. Cyrus P. Barnum, Jr.
Alice Prentice Barrows
Dr. Edward K. Barsky
Prof. Bernard Baum
Prof. Irwin R. Beller
Herbert J. Biberman
Father Shelton Hale
Dr. Algernon D. Black
Dr. Joshua Bloch
Dr. E. M. Bluestone
Prof. Henry Blumberg
Dr. Ernst P. Boas
B. A. Botkin
Richard O. Boyer
-Prof. Theodore Brameld
Marlon Brando "
Prof. Dorothy Brewster
J. Edward Bromberg
Rev. Thoburn T. Brum-
Prof. Edwin Berry Bur-
Richard G. Burlingame
Prof. E. A. Burtt
Dr. Allan M. Butler
Dr. George D. Cannon
Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan
Rabbi D. A. Jessurun
Prof. A. J. Carlson
Prof. Rudolf Carnap
Dr. Robert C. Challman
Rev. Mark A. Chamber-
Charles Chaplin -^
Prof. M. N. Chatterjee
Henry S. Churchill
Rev. Karl M. Chworow-
Dr. Rufus E. Clement
W. G. Clugston
Robert M. Coates
Lee J. Cobb
Dr. Stanley Cobb
Rabbi J. X. Cohen
Prof. Frederick A. Courts
Prof. Abraham Cronbach
Dr. Ralph Crowley
Rev. John W. Darr, Jr.
Howard Da Silva
Dr. Leo M. Davidoff
Hallie Flanagan Davis
Dr. .Jerome Davis
Dr. Percv AL Dawson
Prof. Jolin J. De Boer
Roger de Koven
Earl B. Dickerson
Dr. Albert C. Dieflfenbach
Dr. Hedlev S. Dimock
Dr. Marshall E. Dimock
Prof. Dorothy W. Douglas
Prof. Harl R. Douglass
W. E. B. DuBois '-
Prof. Abraham Edel
Prof. Stuart Edie
Prof. Albert Einstein —
Dr. Robert H. EUis
Dr. Haven Emerson
Prof. Thomas I. Emerson
Prof. Henry Pratt Fair-
New York Times, March 24, 1949.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Prof. Robert D. Field
Irving H. Flamm
Rev. Joseph Fletcher
Prof. Frederick Wilhelm
Prof. Joseph K. Folsom
Prof. P>ank S. Freeman
Rev. Dr. Louis C. Ger-
Leatrice Joy Gilbert
Josiah W. Gitt
Rabbi Herbert S. Gold-
Henrietta L. Gordon
Ernest A. Grunsfeld, Jr.
Prof. Talbot Hamlin
E. Y. Harburg
Prof. Georgia Harkness
Prof. Frederick P. Harris
Dr. Roy E. Harris
Shelbv M. Harrison
Pearl M. Hart
Frank E. Hartung
Prof. David Hawkins
Prof. Marion Hathway
Rev. Edler G. Hawkins
Jane L. Havford
Prof. Michael Heidel-
Prof. Karl F. Heiser
Edna Wolff Henner
Sammy Hey ward
Nat Hi ken
Dr. Ernest R. Hilgard
Rev. Charles A. Hill
Dr. Cecil E. Hinshaw
Ira A. Hirschmann
Dr. W. Ernest Hocking
Rev. Chester E. Hodgson
Prof. Eugene C. Holmes
Prof. Lee Elbert Holt
Charles P. Howard
John N. M. Howells -^
Rev. Kenneth de P.
Dr. W. A. Hunton
Leo T. Hurwitz
Leon E. Janney
Prof. Otto T. Jelinek
Dr. Charles S. Johnson
Crockett Johnson ,
Edna Ruth Johnson
Reginald D. Johnson
Dr. David D. Jones
Dr. Elvin A. Kabat
Albert E. Kahn
Prof. George Kalnitsky
Philip O. Keeney
Robert W. Kenny
Prof. T. J. Kent, Jr.
George R. Kernodle
Dr. John A. Kingsbury
Prof. Philip Klein
Prof. Isaac M. Kolthoff
Dr. Joshua Kunitz
Harry C. Lamberton
Ring Lardner, Jr.
Prof. Oliver Larkin
Rev. John Howland
John Howard Lawson
Dr. Warner Lawson
Rabbi Felix A. Levy
Joseph H. Levy
Prof. Ronald B. Levy
Prof. William H. Lichte
Dr. Robert M. Lindner
Rt. Rev. S. Harrington
Alice F. Liveright
Prof. Bert James Loewen-
Dr. Herman W. Loiig
Rev. Donald G. Lothrop
Prof. Oliver S. Loud
Prof. Robert Morss Lovett
Katharine Dupre Lump-
Harry L. Lurie
Helen M. Lynd
Prof. Robert S. Lynd
Louis F. McCabe
Prof. John C. McGalliard
John T. McManus
Rev. Jack R. McMichael
Prof. Wayne McMillan
Prof. Curtis D. Mac-
Dr. Duncan A. Maclnnes
Luther K. Macnair
A. B. Magil
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Ruth Z. S. Mann
Prof. Grace F. Marcus
Dr. F. L. Marcuse
Dr. Judd Marmor
Prof. F. O. Matthiessen i
Prof. Wesley H. Maurer
Dr. Leo Mayer
Dr. WiUis B. Merriam
Prof. Otto Meyerhof
Dr. Benjamin F. Miller
Dr. Clvde R. Miller
Prof. William P. Mon-
Dr. PhiUp Morrison
Rev. J. Edward Moselev
Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moul-
Mrs. Stuart Mudd
Prof. Kenneth B. Mur-
Dr. Gardner Murphy
Dr. Henry A. Murray
Dr. Otto Nathan
Prof. Edward G. Nelson
Dr. Peter B. Neubauer
Prof. Mabel Newcomber
Rabbi Louis L Newman
Michael M. Nisseison
Prof. Frank Oppenheimer
Rev. George L. Paine
Prof. Erwin Panofsky
Dr. Edwards A. Park
Father Clarence Parker
Dr. Linus Pauling
L Rice Pereira
Dr. John P. Peters
Prof. Melber Phillips
Prof. Seymour M. Pitcher
Dr. Isidore Pomerance
Abraham L. Pomerantz
Arthur Upham Pope
Prof. Walter Rauten-
Dr. Ira De A. Raid
Bertha C. Reynolds
Dr. Dean W. Roberts
Prof. Walter Orr Roberts
Dr. E. I. Robinson
O. John Rogge
Dr. Theodor Rosebury
Jonas Rosenfield, Jr.
Robert St. John
Dr. Pedro Sanjuan
Dr. Bela Schick
Prof. Margaret Schlauch
Dr. Julius Schreiber
Prof. Frederick L. Schu-
Dr. Lawrence W. Schwartz
Rev. John R. Scotford
Dr. Howard Selsam
Dr. Harlow Shapley
Henry Wood Shelton
Dr. Guy Emery Shipler
Prof. Louis L. Silverman
Edith W. Simester
Dr. Maud Slye
Agnes Smedley '
Rev. F. Hastings Smythe
Rabbi Elias L. Solomon
Rev. Carl D. Soule "
Rev. Frederick K. Stamm
Alfred K. Stern
Prof. Bernhard J. Stern
Donald Ogden Stewart
Prof. Dirk J. Struik
Prof. Edward A. Such man
Howard Edwin Sweeting
William M. Sweets
Paul M. Sweezy
Prof. Florence Sytz
Prof. Leland H. Tavlnr
Rev. Dr. Sidney S. Tede-
Dr. Milton Terris
Prof. Randall Thompson
Rev. T. K. Thompson
Prof. Ralph B. Tower
Prof. Charlotte Towle
Dr. Charles Trinkaus
Prof. Ralph H. Turner
Olive Van Horn
Mary Van Kleeck
Prof. Thurman William
Prof. Oswald Veblen
Henrv A. Wallace
Bishop W. J. Walls
Dr. J. Ravmond Walsh
Prof. Eda Lou Walton
Prof. Harry F. Ward
Prof. Colston E. Warne
Dr. Alfred H. Washburn
Prof". Gene Weltfish
Deceased since this meeting took place.
THE COMMUN'IST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Prof. F. W. Went
Prof. Frank W.
Dr. Philip R. White
Prof. Paul L. Whitely
Rev. Owen Whitfield
Prof. Norbert Wiener
Wey- Ella Winter
James Waterman Wise
Prof. H. A. Witkin
James H. Wolfe
Ira Wolfe rt
Prof. Thomas Woody
Rev. Evans A. Worthley
Frank Lloyd Wright
Dr. Edward L. Young
Dr. Gregory Zilboorg
COMMUNIST AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS
A tabulation of the numerous Communist-front affiliations of the sponsors of
the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace shows the following
One, Rockwell Kent, has been affiliated with at least eighty-five Communist-
Three, Langston Hughes^ Robert Morss Lovett, and Donald Ogden Stewart,
have been affiliated with from seventy-one to eighty Communist-front organi-
Four, Paul Robeson, Mary Van Kleeck, James Waterman Wise, and Harry F.
Ward, have been affiliated with from fifty-one to sixty Communist-front organi-
Eight have been affiliated with from forty-one to fifty Communist-front organi-
zations. These include —
John Ho\\ ard Lawson
Ten have been affiliated with from thirty-one to forty Communist-front
organizations, and include — -
Edwin Berry Burgum
Henry Pratt Fairchild
Twenty-seven have been affiliated with from twenty-one to thirty Communist-
front organizations, and include —
Bernard J. Stern
Pearl AL Hart
John A. Kingsbury
Robert S. Lynd
Louis F. McCabe
Jack R. Mc Michael
Clyde R. Miller
Bertha C. Reynolds
Frederick L. Shuman
Forty-nine have been affiliated with from eleven
organizations, and include:
Guy Emery Shipler
Alfred K. Stern
Dirk J. Struik
Eda Lou Walton
Colston E. Warne
to twenty Communist-front
S. L. U. Barlow
Edward K. Barsky
Herbert J. Biberman
Algernon D. Black
Ernest P. Boas
Earl B. Dickersou
Dorothy W. Douglas
W. E. B. Du Bois ^
Dorothy Canfield Fisher
Leo T. Hurwitz
Robert W. Kenu}^
John Howland Lathrop
Donald G. Lothrop ^
Harry L. Lurie
F. 0. Matthiessen '
Wayne Ale Millen
John P. Peters
Arthur Upham Pope
L F. Stone
J. Raymond Walsh
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Two hundred and forty-
front organizations, and
Charles B. Ackley
Alice P. Barrows
E. M. Bluestone
B. A. Botkin
Richard O. Boyer
J. Edward Bromberg
Thoburn T. Brumbaugh
E. A. Burtt
Allan M. Butler
George D. Cannon
Jonah E. Caplan
Anton J. Carlson
Robert C. Challman
Henry S. Churchill
Rufus E. Clement
Robert M. Coates
Lee J. Cobb
J. X. Cohen
John W. Darr, Jr.
Howard Da Silva
Leo M. DavidoflF
John Herbert Davis
John De Boer
Albert C. Dieflfenbach
Hedley S. Dimock
■five have been affiliated with from five to ten Communist-
Harl R. Douglass
Thomas I. Emerson
Josiah W. Gitt
Henrietta L. Gordon
Ernest A. Grunsfeld
E. Y. Harburg
Charles A. Hill
Ira A, Hirschmann
Chester E. Hodgson
Eugene C. Holmes
Lee Elbert Holt
Charles P. Howard
Kenneth De P. Hughes
W. Alpheus Hunton
Albert E. Kahn
Isaac M. Kolthoff
Harry C. Lamberton
Ring Lardner, Jr.
Joseph H. Levy
Oliver S. Loud
Helen M. Lynd
Curtis D. MacDougal
A. B. Magil
Grace F. Marcus
F. L. Marcuse
John T. McManus
Benjamin F. Miller
Arthur W. Moulton
Michael M. Nisselson
George L. Paine
I. Rice Pereira
Helen U. Phillips
Ira De A. Reid
O. John Rogge
Jonas Rosenfield, Jr.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
William M. Sweets
Paul M. Sweezy
T. O. Thackery
Ralph H. Turner
Ohve Van Horn
Henry A. Wallace
Henry Wood Shelton
Agnes Smedley '
F. Hastings Smythe
At least 49 have given their open support to Communist candidates in election
The sponsors include at least 131 individuals who have publicly defended or
supported the Communist Party, United States of America. A minimum of 225
of these sponsors have at one time or another defended or supported individual
Communists. In connection with organizations, statements, or activities in
support of the Soviet Union, we find not less than 193 names of these as the
following tabulation will show. Furthermore, fully 137 of these persons have in
one way or another supported Communist publications.
The following were listed as panel moderators or chairmen:
Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard Uni- Clifford Durr
Richard O. Boyer
J. Edward Bromberg
Robert M. Coates
Howard Da Silva
F. W. Went
Frank W. Weymouth
Philip R. White
James H. Wolfe
Evans A. Worthley
Frank Lloyd Wright
Edward L. Young
John Howard Lawson
William M. Sweets
Mary Van Kleeck
Herbert J. Davis
Marshall E. Dimock
Olin Downes, New York Times
W. E. B. DuBois
Rev. J. Howland Lathrop
president, Smith Prof. Philip Morrison, Cornell Uni-
Northwestern Harlow Shapley, Harvard
Dr. Edward Young
The following were listed as panel speakers:
Rev. Shelton Hale Bishop
Richard O. Boyer
Dorothy Brewster, Columbia Univer-
Allan M. Butler, Harvard
Prof. Herbert John Davis, president,
J. De Boer, University of
Olin Downes, New York Times
W. E. B. DuBois
THE COMlMUNISrr "PEAiCE" OFFENISIVE
Henry Pratt Fairchild, New York
Arthur Gaeth, radio commentator
Dr. John Gillen, University of North
W. A. Higinbotham, Brookhaven Na-
Hayward Keniston, Michigan Univer-
Rev. John Howard Lathrop
John Howard Lawson, screen writer
Rt. Rev. S. Harrington Littell, retired
bishop of Honolulu
Bert James Loewenberg, Sarah Law-
David M. Lubbock
Charles A. Madison
Grace E. Marcus
F. O. Matthiessen, Harvard
Dr. Donovan J. McCune, Columbia
Prof. Philip Morrison
Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, retired
bishop of Utah
Rabbi Louis Newman
Prof. Ira De A. Reid, Haverford
Walter Orr Roberts, Harvard
0. John Rogge
Theodore Roseburg, Columbia Uni-
Rose Russell, United Public Workers
Dr. Julius Schreiber
Prof. Frederick L. Schuman, Williams
Prof. Harlow Shapley, Harvard
Guy Emery Shipler
Henry T. Shotwell, American Institute
1. F. Stone
T. O. Thackrey, New York Post
Allan A. Twichell
Henry A. W^allace
Prof. Colston W. Warne, Amherst
Prof. Gene W^eltfish, Columbia Univer-^
Dr. Edward Young
Americans Sponsoring the World Peace Congress Held in Paris, April 1949*
(The following individuals appear in one or more of the following publications:
World Congress for Peace, Paris, April 20-23, 1949, American Sponsoring Com-
mittee, World Congress for Peace, room 1111, 119 West Fiftv-seventh Street,
New York 19, N. Y., leaflet; Daily Worker, April 18, 1949, pp. 2 and 9; New
York Times, April 16, 1949.)
Rev. Charles A. Ackley Mike Gold
B. A. Botkin
Richard O. Boyer
Rabbi J. X. Cohen
Henry Longfellow Dana
W. E. B. DuBois
Henry Pratt Fairchild
Daniel S. Gillmor
Ada Bell Jackson
Rabbi D. A. Jessurun
Hawkins Albert E. Kahn
Dr. John A. Kingsbury
John Howard Lawson
F. O. Matthiessen '
Arthur W. Moulton
O. John Rogge
Frederick L. Schuman-
Dr. Guy Emery Shipler
Dr. Maud Slye
Dr. Mray Van Kleeck
Dr. Gene Weltfish
Leonore Sophie Stewart
THE COMMUNilST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
(Official leaflet of the American Sponsoring Committee, World Congress for
Peace, suite 1111, 119 West Fifty-seventh St., New York 19, N. Y.)
Cochairmen: Bishop Arthur W. Moulton, Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, O. John Rogge
Greetings From American Sponsors to World Congress for Peace,
Paris, April 20-25, 1949
As American citizens deeply concerned with the welfare of our land and the
maintenance of world peace, we send our warmest greetings to the World Peace
Congress, unprecedented in its proportion and so deeply meaningful at this crucial
instant in the history of mankind.
We join with millions of men and women of other lands in voicing the heartfelt
and inflexible resolve that there must not be another war.
We stand firmly united in the common determination that peace must prevail
in the world.
Rev. Charles B. Ackley
Oliver S. Allen
Dr. Herbert Aptheker
Prof. Henry Blumberg
B. A. Botkin
Richard O. Boyer
Dr. Charlotte Hajwkjins
Dr. Allan M. Butler
J. M. Budish
Rabbi D. A. Jessurun
Rabbi J. X. Cohen
W. G. Clugston
Prof. Henry Wadsworth
Rev. John W. Darr, Jr.
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois
Harriet G. Eddy
Thomas L Emerson
Prof. Henry Pratt Fair-
Robert D. Field
Irving H. Flamm
Prof. Joseph F. Fletcher
Elizabeth P. Frazier
Dr. F. S. Freeman
Daniel S. Gillmor
Elinor S. Gimbel
Rabbi Herbert S. Gold-
Minna R. Harkavy
Pearl M. Hart
Hagop T. Hatzakortzian
Edler G. Hawkins
Edna Wolff" Hopper
Rev. Charles A. Hill
Prof. Eugene C. Holmes
Rev. Kenneth De P.
W. A. Hunton
Ada B. Jackson
Albert E. Kahn
Dr. J. Spencer Kennard
Dr. John A. Kingsbury
L M. Kolthoff
John Howard Lawson
Joseph H. Levy
Ronald B. Levy
Dr. Robert M. Lindner
Curtis D. MacDougall
Luther K. MacNair
A. B. Magil
F. L. Marcuse
Prof. John Marsalka
Prof. F. O. Matthiessen
John T. McManus
Dr. Benjamin Miller
Prof. Philip Morrison
Bishop Arthur W. Moul-
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEGSTSIVE
Dr. Peter B. Neubaiier
Rev. George L. Paine
Father Clarence Parker
William L. Patterson
Seymour M. Pitcher
Mrs. Lionel D. Perara, Jr.
Bertha C. Reynolds
Dr. Holland Roberts
O. John Rogge
Annette T. Rubinstein
Ruth W. Russ
Prof. Margaret Schlauch
Dr. Artur Schnabel
Prof. Frederick L. Schu-
Dr. Howard Selsam
Dr. Maud Slye
Elias L. Solomon
Mrs. Laurence D. Steefel
Dr. Bernhard Stern
Prof. Dirk J. Struik
Paul M. Sweezy
Prof. Leland H. Taylor
Dr. Mary Church Terrell
Dr. Charles Trinkaus
Ralph H. Turner
Dr. Mary Van Kleeck
Eda Lou Walton
Dr. Gene Weltfish
Frank W. Weymouth
Edward L. Young
(Supplement to New Times, No. 19, May 10, 1950, pp. 54 and 55)
Permanent Committee of the World Congress for Peace
The concluding session of the World Congress for Peace elected a Permanent
Committee consisting of the following members:
Prof. Frederic Joliot-Curie, French High Commissioner for Atomic Energy
Prof. Irene Joliot-Curie, Nobel Laureate
Louis Aragon, writer
Mme. Eugenie Cotton, president, International Democratic Women's Federation
Guy de Boysson, president. World Federation of Democratic Youth
Pablo Picasso, artist
Louis Saillant, general secretary, WFTU
Abbe Jean Boulier
Laurent Casanove, Deputy
De Chambrun, Deputy
Pierre Cot, Deputy
Yves Farge, ex-minister
Jean Lafitte, writer
Alain Le Leap, general secretary, General Confederation of Labour
Marie-Claude Vaillant-Couturier, general secretary, International Democratic
Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie, Deputy
Francoise Leclercq, secretary, French Women's Union
Fernando Clavo, peasant
O. John Rogge, lawyer
Prof. W. Du Bois, historian-
Albert Kahn, journalist
Bishop A. W. Moulton
Paul Robeson, singer
Howard Fast, writer
Donald Henderson, trade-union leader
Dr. Gene Weltfish, professor of Columbia University
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 113
Prof. J. D. Bernal, M. P.
D. N. Pritt, lawyer
J. G. Crowther, writer
Dr. Hewlett Johnson, dean of Canterbury
R. Berch, worker
K. Zilliacus, M. P.
Nora Wooster, phvsicist
Mrs. E. Allen
John Wood, miner
J. Platts-Mills, M. P.
U. S. S. R.
Alexander Fadeyev, writer
Alexander Korneichuk, writer
Wanda Wassilewska, authoress
Ilya Ehrenbourg, writer
Zinaida Gagarina, member of the Anti-Fascist Committee of Soviet Women
Lyubov Kosmodemyanskaya, teacher
Alexei Maresyev, air pilot
Pavel Shelakhin, secretary, Central Committee of the Miners' Trade Union
Metropolitan Nikolai, of Krutitsy and Kolomna
Prof. Kuo Mo-jo, historian
Prof. Ma Ying-chu, economist
Lu Ning-yi, vice president, Cninese Association of Labour
Emi Hsiao, poet
Pietro Ninni, Deputy
Prof. Ambrogio Donini
Renato Guttuso, painter
Titto Ruffo, singer
Fernando Santi, secretary, Italian General Confederation of Labour
Giulio Cerreti, president, Italian Cooperative League
Maria-Maddalena Rossi, president. League of Italian Women
Emiiio Sereni, senator
Guido Miglioli, secretary. Agrarian Constituent Assembly
Adda Alesandrini, Christian Movement for Peace
Dr. Amadeo, secretary. Democratic Front of the South
Mme. Pisano, peasant
Gabriel d'Arboussier, general secretar.y, Democratic Union of Africa
Guy Abbas, general secretary, Dakar Trade Union Federation
Manol Konomi, president, Institute of Sciences
Abder-Khaman Buchama, architect
Otto Nuschke, president, German People's Council
Alexander Abusch, writer
Fritz Basel, member of Saar Parliament
Heinrich Fink, docker
Anna Seghers, authoress
Dr. Julio L. Peluffo
Noel Counihan, painter
Brunfaut, secretary, Belgian Women's Union
114 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Jorge Amado, writer
Prof. Paulo Fonseca
Professor Ludmil Stoyanov
James Endicott, writer
Pablo Neruda, poet
Han Ser Ya, writer
Pak Den Ai
Juan Marinello, writer
Martin Andersen Nexo, writer
Edvard Heiberg, architect
Jose Giral, former Prime Minister
Manuel Sanchez Argas, architect
Vaino Meltti, prefect
M. Axioti, authoress
Jose-Manuel Fortuny, journalist
Gyorgy Lukacs, writer
Rie Lips Odinot
Marcus Bakker, president, Dutch General Youth League
Dr. Pratomo, journalist
Dr. Joseph Mastane
Iscanderi, former Minister
Antoine Tabet, architect
Mustafa el-Ariss, chairman of the Lebanon Trade Union Federation of Workers
THE COMMUNIIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 115
Prof. Edmond Reuter
Razakarivoni, member of the Economic Council
Lombardo Toledano, president, Confederation of Labour of Latin America
Mongolian People's Republic
Zhargal Salkhan, member of the Committee on Science
Prof. Mimi Sverdrup-Lunden
Peder Vestad, trade-union leader
Jerzy Borejsza, general secretary, All-Polish Committee for Defense of Peace
Tadeusz Cwik, general secretary, Central Committee of Trade Unions
Irena Sztachelska, president, League of Polish Women
Mihail Sadoveanu, writer
Prof. Florica Mezincescu
C. Lepadatu, railwayman
Dr. Nils Silfverskiold
Prof. Andre Bonnard
Jan Mukarovsky, rector of the Karlowa University
A. Hodinova-Spurna, vice chairman, National Assembly
D. Buckle, trade-union leader
Atto Braun, engineer
Nuri Boudali, trade-union leader
Julia Arevalo, Senator
Miguel Otero Silva, journaUst
Pam Ui Tong, poet
Prof. Josip Vidmar, president of the Nationalities Veche of the People's Skup-
International Students' Union: Grohman
International Organization of Journalists: Jiri Hronek
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
(OflBcial leaflet published by the American Continental Congress for Peace)
Address in the United States:
American Continental Congress for Peace
Room 70, 49 West Forty-fourth Street
New York 18, N. Y.
Call to the American Continental Congress for Peace, Mexico Citt,
September 5-10, 1949
signers of the call (from the united states)
Charlotta A. Bass
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins
Mineola V. Ingersol
Ada B. Jackson
Susan B. Anthony Mac-
Vivian Carter Mason
Eslanda G. Robeson
Dr. Maude Slye
Jeannette Stern Turner
Daisy Kendall Ward
Viola M. Brown
Helen S. Mangold
united states sponsors, AMERICAN CONTINENTAL CONGRESS FOR PEACE
Jules C. Abercauph
John J. Abt
Rev. Stacy Adams
Helen L. Alfred
Rabbi Michael Alper
Rev. Lee H. Ball
Alice P. Barrows
Dr. Edward K. Barsky
John T. Bernard
Herbert J. Bigerman [sic]
(Herbert J. Biberman)
Dr. B. Franklin Blotz
Richard O. Boyer
Edwin Berry Burgum
David Burliuk, Sr.
James J. Burns
Dr. Allan Butler
Rev. Fred I. Cairns
A. J. Carlson
Rev. Ruthven S. Chal-
Alvin B. Christman
George A. Coe
John O. Crane
G. H. Daggett
Henry W. L. Dana
Rev. John W. Darr, Jr.
Percy M. Dawson
John J. DeBoer
Ernest De Maio
Earl B. Diskerson
Harriet G. Eddy
Winston C. Edwards
Tillman H. Erb
Henry Pratt Fairchild
John B. Faulk
Frederick W. Field
Rev. Joseph Fletcher
Rev. Kenneth R. Forbes
Ben Zion Boldberg
Priciila B. Grace
Rabbi David Graubart
Ralph H. Gundlach
Rev. P. L. Hailey
Charles H. Hapgood
Dr. D. L. Harris
R. S. Havenor
Karl F. Heiser
THE COJVIMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSTVE
Edna WolflF Henner
J. Allen Hickerson
Rev. Charles A. Hill
Charles P. Howard
Rev. Kenneth de P.
M. Louise Hunt
Albert E. Kahn
Paul J. Kern
Dr. John A. Kingsbury
L M. Kolthoff
Harry C. Lamberton
Ring Lardner, Jr.
John Howard Lawson
Ronald B. Levy
Rev. Donald G. Lothrop
Curtis D. MacDougall
Luther K. MacNair
A. B. Magil
F. O. Matthiessen
Hon. Vito Marcantonio
F. L. Marcuse
Dr. Leo ?klaver
Louis F. McCabe
Rev. Warren H. McKenna
Rev. Jack Mc Michael
Rev. William Howard
Willie B. Merriam
Rev. Michael Millen
Dr. Benjamin F. Miller
Richard B. Moore
Rt. Rev. Arthur W.
Rev. Robert M. ^Nluir
Capt. Hugh IMulzac
George B. Murphy, Jr.
William J. Pennock
Seymour M. Pitcher
Abraham L. Pomerantz
Charles S. Preston
Willard B. Ransom
Rev. J. W. Reed
Bertha C. Reynolds
John G. Rideout
Col. Raymond Robins
Alexander P. Saxton
Dr. Artur Schnabel
Joseph P. Selly
Dr. Harlow Shapley
Rt. Rev. David William
Rev. F. Hastings Smyth
Rev. William B. Spaflford
Alfred K. Stern
Bernard J. Stern
Donald Ogden Stewart
Dirk J. Struik
Howard Edwin Sweeting
William M. Sweets
Alva W. Taylor
Leland H. Taylor
Rabbi Samuel Teitlebaum
Hon. Henrv A. Wallace
Dr. Harry F. Ward
Colston E. Warne
Alfred H. Washburn
Mrs. Alfred H. Washburn
Mrs. Harvey Weeks
Henry N. Wieman
Harold C. Williams
James Waterman Wise
Rolland E. Wolfe
Dr. Edward L. Young
Mrs. Doris E. Youngblood
Tracy F. Youngblood
118 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
American Sponsoring Committee for Representation at the Second World-
The Daily Worker, official organ of the Communist Party, U. S. A., listed the
following individuals as members of the American Sponsoring Committee for
Representation at the Second World Peace Congress. The names were carried
in the Daily Worker issues dated October 19, 1950 (.p. 3); October 30, 1950 (p. 5) ;
and November 9, 1950 (p. 2).
Prof. Joseph Fletcher, professor of Christian social ethics at the Episcopal
Theological Seminary, Cambridge, Mass.
Rt. Rev. W. Appleton Lawrence, Protestant Episcopal bishop of western
Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Utah (retired).
Rt. Rev. John Moore Walker, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Atlanta, Ga.
Charlotta Bass, publisher of the California Eagle, Los Angeles, Calif.
Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard University Medical School, Cambridge, Mass.
Prof. Anton J. Carlson, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111.
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, anthropologist and historian, New York City.
Dr. E. Franklin Frazier, chairman, department of sociology, Howard University, .
Washington, D. C.
Rev. John Paul Jones, Union Church of Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dr. John A. Kingsbury, former commissioner of public welfare, New York.
Robert Morss Lovett, former Governor of the Virgin Islands, Chicago, 111.
Prof. Philip Morrison, nuclear physicist, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.
Dr. Theodor Rosebury, bacteriologist, Columbia UniversitV, New York.
Vida D. Scudder, professor emeritus, Wellesley College, Massachusetts.
Fred Stover, president, Iowa Farmers Union, Hampden, Iowa.
Artur Schnabel, concert pianist.
Bishop W. J. Walls, Chicago, 111.
Prof. Fleming James, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn.
Delegates from the United States to the Second World Peace Congress included '
the following individuals, according to the Daily Worker issues dated November 7,
1950 (p. 2), and November 16, 1950 (p. 1):
Bishop William J. Walls, of Chicago, 111., secretary of the board of bishops of the
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, and honorary chairman. Committee
on Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact.
Rev. John Paul Jones, on behalf of the W^orld Alliance for Friendship Through the
Mrs. Theresa Robinson, Washington, D. C, chairman of the civil liberties com-
mittee of Negro Elks.
Rev. Linwood J. Fauntleroy, president of the Oakland, Calif'., Ministerial Alliance.
Dr. John A. Kingsbury, member of American Sponsoring Committee for Repre-
sentation at the Second World Peace Congress.
Mrs. Dorothy B. Cole, of the Chicago Conference of Club Presidents.
Angeline R. Mensik, of the Czech-American Peace Committee.
James E. Miller, of the United Auto Workers Local 453. Chicago, 111.
Mrs. Millie Lucas, Chicago, 111., who obtained 3,000 signatures to the Stockholm
Rev. Willard Uphaus, New Haven, Conn., executive secretary of the National
Labor and Relicious Foundation.
Rev. Warren McKenna. of Boston. Mass.
Rev. Robert M. Miiir. Boston. Mass.
Massie Kennard, Chicago, 111., chairman of the Illinois Christian Youth for Peace.
Leibel Bergman, St. Paul, Minn.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 119
"World Peace Appeal," Adopted by the Permanent International Com-
mittee, World Peace Congress, Representing More Than 900,000,000
People, Issued to all Governments, Organizations, and to all Peoples
Throughout the World
united states youth sponsoring committee (committee still in
Dorothy Annrews, Scrooby Club, Western Knoll Congregational Church, Los
Jeanne and Harold E. Barnhardt, Jr., Society of Friends, Penn Valley Meeting,
Kansas City, Mo.
Herschel Bernard, Hillel Independent Organization, University of Texas
Bob Binion, local No. 486, UAW-CIO, Cleveland
Charles Bisdee, chairman, Committee to End Discrimination, University of
Paul Boatin, president, Motor Unit, Ford Local No. 600, UAW-CIO, Detroit
Earl Budin, director, Philadelphia Youth for Peace
Constance Claj^ton, cochairman. High School Fellowship, Philadelphia
Ike Clinton, administrative secretary. Young Progressives of America, New York
Gil Gerena, business agent, local No. 6, Hotel and Restaurant Workers, AFL,
Douglas Glasgow, NAACP, New York
Dorothy Gottlieb, executive secretary, American Youth for a Free World
Bernard Greenside, Young Adult Group, Hecht House, Dorchester Community
Nat Halebsky, editor. City College of New York Observation Post, New York
Nora Irvin, Seventh Day Adventist Church, Cleveland
Lawrence Jackson, NAACP, Cleveland
Rev. Father Frederick B. Jansen, St. James Episcopal Church, Massachusetts
Sylvia Johnson, vice president, NAACP Youth Council, Philadelphia
Sallie Kerney, secretary, International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's
Doris Koppelman, Jewish youth leader. New York
Norman Ledgin, city editor, Morning Leader, Clifton, N. J.
James Lee, Chinese Youth Club, New York
Howard W. Linnard, Methodist Federation for Social Action, Austin, Tex.
Ed Lock, president. Plastic Unit, Ford Local No. 600, UAW-CIO, Detroit
William K. McAfee, International Typographical Union, Austin, Tex.
Percy Hayes McNutt, chairman, Democracy in Education, University of Michi-
Jacqueline Mitchell, NAACP Student Council, Radcliffe College, Massachusetts
John Morris, president. Unitarian Student Guild, University of Michigan
Dave Moore, vice president, Gear and Axle Unit, Ford Local No. 600, UAW-CIO,
Jay Oswalt, United World Federalists, University of Texas
George E. Pappas, chairman, NSA delegation. School of Education, New York
Leonard Parks, YMCA, Cleveland
Kerry Preston, Peace Committee, Wesley Foundation, Austin, Tex.
Paul Robeson, Jr., New York
Ernest N. Rymer, national director, Jewish Young Fraternalists, New York
Lulu M. Rowley, eastern area missionary, Women's American Baptist Home
Mission Society, Chicago
James Sabal, vice president. Phi Iota Alpha, University of Michigan
Hortense Sie, executive secretary, Committee for International Student Coopera-
tion, New York
John Sloss, president, American Veterans Committee, University of Michigan
Mary Sutera, YWCA, Cleveland
Lewis Tout, Farmers Union, Forbes, N. Dak.
Earl L. Walter, Youth Division, Hamilton Methodist Church School
Vivian Washington, Encampment for Citizenship, Cleveland Alumni
Don Willmott, Y open forum committee, YMCA, Oberlin College, Ohio
Leon Wofsy, national chairman. Labor Youth League, New York
(Organization for identification only.)
120 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OrFE]SrSIVE
The documents reprinted below were introduced into the records of
the Committee on Un-American Activities on October 13, 1950, by-
Matthew Cvetic, former undercover agent for the FBI in Western
Pennsylvania Communist Party. The directives were issued by the
Communist Party in connection with its peace campaign.
Plan of Work of National Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A.,
July 15 to Labor Day, 1950
The military intervention of Wall Street imperialism and its bipartisan com-
bination in Washington against the people of Korea confirms the correctness
of our party's analysis made during the entire past period and emphasized at our
last national committee meeting. Our party showed that the Wall Street monop-
olists, growing ever more desperate in the face of the rising strength of the
world peace camp and the expanding resistance of the American people, are
feverishly preparing for war to enslave the whole world. The aggressive armed
attack against the people of Korea, and United States imperialist intervention
in the whole of Asia, clearly shows that American imperialism has now entered
the open military phase of its preparations to unleash World War III, threatening
to embroil the whole world in a new world holocaust.
The war in Korea provoked by United States imperialism has aroused the
anger and strengthened the vigilance or the world forces for peace, championed
by the camp of democracy and socialism, including millions of people in our own
country. All those who strive for peace recognize that at this moment the
struggle for peace can and must be advanced by a twofold fight. (1) By a resolute
fight to demand the withdrawal of imperialism forces from Korea in order to
enable the people there to achieve national unification and liberation without
outside interference; and (2) simultaneously extending the movement to prevent
world war III by fighting for United States-Soviet agreement, for the necessity
and possibility of peaceful coexistence and competition on a world scale of the
two social systems, and extending the demand for the seating of the representa-
tives of New China in the UN in order that the UN can once again function in
accord with the UN Charter.
The basic campaign for peace outlined by our party in the national committee
peace plan remains the central task today; the campaign to help secure 5,000,00')
signatures to the world peace appeal initiated by the peace forces in our country;
the building of the labor conference for peace and other broad people's movements
for peace; the fight to defend civil hberties, for the release of our general secretary,
Eugene Dennis, and the freedom of the 11; the defense of the economic conditions
of the workers and their trade-unions, and the building of our party and the
The membership of our party, and the millions of workers and Negro masses,
must be imbued with confidence that it is possible to stop the Wall Street aggres-
sion in Korea and save world peace. To help heighten the quality of our entire
work to realize the perspectives set by our national committee, the following
national plan has been adopted for the period from July 15 to Labor Day, which
should be the basis of concrete and practical plans to be formulated by all State
committees. The fulfillment of these plans must be firmly checked in -the course
of our day-to-day activity.
I. IDEOLOGICAL TASKS
Every single member of our party must be equipped politically with the neces-
sary arguments to combat the intensified barrage of Wall Street propaganda
aimed to confuse and divide the ranks of the American working class. Every
Communist must be in a position to clarify and answer all questions raised by the
workers in the shops and communities, to show how the true interests of the
American working class and people, the true interests of our nation, are protected,
only in the struggle against Wall Street imperialism. From this standpoint we
propose the carrying through of the following tasks:
1. The immediate holding discussions in all clubs on the imperialist character
of the attack on Korea, to be based on Comrade Gus Hall's pamphlet (for which
the educational department shall prepare a brief outline). To supply added
information, the educational department will prepare each week supplementary
material for the use of the clubs, speakers, and functionaries. Fullest use must
be made of the material in the Daily Worker and the Worker.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 121
2. By August 1, a program of ideological discussions must be carried through
with all national leaders of trade-unions and other mass organizations (pohtical,
civil rights, Negro fraternal, women, youth, cultural, etc.) with the aim of bringing
these discussions to their own memberships. These discussions must help to
show them that by speaking out against the war in Korea, a war contrary to
the interests of the people in the United States, they defend the interests of their
II. AGITATIONAL PROPAGANDA TASKS
1. That we issue and help circulate the following pieces of literature in mass
quantities: Complete by August 1 the sale and distribution of the 465,000 copies
of Gus Hall's pamphlet Hands Off Korea and Formosa; to issue and sell 200,000
copies of the pamphlet under preparation explaining the meaning of the world
peace appeal to outlaw atomic weapons; to help distribute the speech of Paul
Robeson to the National Negro Labor Conference in 200,000 copies; to prepare
a new pamphlet dealing with current questions and answers on Korea to be
distributed in 400,000 copies.
2. That we issue and circulate in smaller quantities the following pamphlets:
A pamphlet containing Kim Ir Sung's article on conditions in Korea, the state-
ment of Andrei Gromyko, etc.; Gurley Flynn's pamphlet on Eugene Dennis
the fight for peace; Elizabeth Gurley Flynn's pamphlet on Eugene Dennis and
Eugene Debs — war prisoners; and the pictorial pamphlet on the Foley Square
3. During this period, the utmost attention shall be paid to the building of the
circulation of the press and the issuance of mass agitational material. To
accomplish this, we decide to:
(a) Issue two 4-page folders (this may be issued as Daily Worker supple-
ments) for national distribution in large quantities on Why Wall Street Is Attack-
ing the Colored Peoples of Asia and on Unmasking the Wall Street Claim That
It Is Acting on Behalf of the UN.
(b) That all districts shall immediately undertake to bring about an increase
in the Daily Worker circulation by working out specific tasks to be undertaken
and accomplished during this period.
III. REACHING AND ACTIVIZING THE MILLIONS IN THE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE AND
1. To encourage the participation of Communists and non-Communists in the
writing of letters to the editors of the commercial press, to take issue with their
editorials, articles, etc. Maximum efforts shall be made to secure participation
in forums, debates, radio symposiums on all questions pertaining to the fight
to save world peace.
2. To encourage all forces to speak out in every possible way against United
States imperialist intervention in Korea and for world peace.
(a) Individual leaders of trade-unions, Negro people's organizations, religious
groups, women, youth, professional and cultural groups, must be urged to speak
out on all levels. These leaders, both as individuals and in the name of their
organizations, shall be urged to express themselves in whatever way they choose
for an end to the aggression in Korea, for restoring the UN to its original purpose
by seating People's China, etc. Messages containing such statements to local
Congressmen, and especially to the President of the United States, are especially
(b) Full support shall be given to the efforts of the Labor Conference for
Peace to secure 1,000 trade-union leaders by August 1 from the shop-steward
level on up, to cosign its statement oli Korea.
(c) Full support shall be given to the efforts of World War II veterans from
the Pacific theater to voice their protest against American intervention in Korea
(d) Full support shall be given to carry through the community and church
activities — especially local and state-wide conferences — projected at the Mid-
Century Conference of Peaceful Alternatives at its sessions in Chicago.
3. The following mass activities require maximum support and encourage-
(a) Support the efforts of the Labor Conference for Peace to organize mass
protest demonstrations in New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago,
Los Angeles, and Seattle during the week of August 1-7 (the anniversary of
76512 — 51 — -9
122 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
(b) Support the efforts to organize a mothers delegation to Washington.
(c) Support the efforts to organize a mass delegation of Negro people's leaders
to Washington to demand the stopping of the imperialist attacks on the colored
peoples of the world to keep America at peace; for the immediate passage of
FEPC and the defeat of the Mundt bill.
(d) Support the sending of representative delegations to the United Nations
demanding that it return to its original purpose outlined in the UN Charter.
(c) Join with all forces desirous of organizing a Congress for the repeal of
(g) Extend and support all movements for Presidential amnesty for Eugene
Dennis and all other political prisoners, as well as for the reversal of the Foley
IV. INTENSIFY DRIVE FOR 5,000,000 SIGNATURES TO THE WORLD PEACE APPEAL
1. In the center of all activities for peace is the task to help secure the 5,000,000
signatures for the world peace appeal. The national committee peace plan
outlined the major stages in this connection. Within the framework of that
plan August 6 should be the next stage for:
(a) Completing the second million signatures — ^with particular emphasis on
concentrating to secure these signatures in the shops, in the local unions, through
canvassing each apartment house and block, through securing signatures at
churches and other mass organizations.
(6) To organize nationally — on the week end of August 5-6 1,000 open-air
rallies and shop-gate meetings — with booths and tables for street-corner collec-
tion of signatures.
September 4 (Labor Day) is the next milestone to secure the third million
2. As part of the campaign to secure 5,000,000 signatures, every effort shall be
exerted to build up peace committees in the shops, unions, communities, organi-
zations, etc. — thus to organize the powerful sentiment for peace into movements
to wage the struggle on a day-to-day basis.
In this connection full support shall be given to the establishment of a well-
functioning Labor Conference for Peace in at least 30 cities throughout the
country. In these cities, to help organize a minimum of 500 peace committees in
shops and local unions, drawing into the activity of these peace committees
large numbers of nonparty trade-unionists around the collection of signatures
and the other activities outlined by the Labor Conference for Peace.
3. Full support shall also be given to the PIC and the Labor Conference for
Peace in their efforts to send delegates to the World Peace Conference in October,
including 100 trade-union delegates.
4. Wherever conditions permit, efforts shall be directed to unite all organiza-
tions — churches, youth, trade-unions, Negro people's organizations, women's
organizations, pacifist groups, etc. — into local councils for peace.
We urge that the above decision be immediately discussed and that the State
plans and control tasks for the next 6 weeks be forwarded to the national
National Organizing Department.
(Cvetic exhibit No. 98, Expos^ of the Communist Party of Western Pennsyl-
vania, pt. Ill, pp. 3133-3135.)
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 123
A Guide to the Club — Its Role in Buildino the United Front in 1950 —
A Handbook for Community Club Officers
(Prepared by Carl Dorfman)
Issued bv National Organization Department, Communist Party, 35 East Twelfth
Street, New York 3, N. Y.
I. HOW CAN YOUR CLUB HELP ESTABLISH UNITY OF THE PEOPLE FOR PEACE?
What kind of steps can be taken in your neighborhood to give expression to the
mass sentiment for peace?
Can your club help to get together a limited number of people or organizations
to sponsor a neighborhood?
Calling upon President Truman —
To outlaw the H-bomb.
■ To negotiate Now with the Soviet Union.
To outlaw atomic warfare and halt the cold war.
Or, would these sponsors be willing to call a neighborhood rally against the
H-bomb? Or, perhaps a mass Peace Ballot would help lay the base for and
popularize a united Neighborhood Peace Rally.
Would it be possible at such a Neighborhood Rally to launch a still bigger and
broader petition to President Truman calling upon him to undertake negotiations
between the United States and the Soviet Union for atomic disarmament and au
end to the cold war?
In other words, what we wish to indicate here are:
First. The decisive place where the ability to hold the Wall Street warmongers
in check will be decided at the Grass Roots, in your neighborhood. This is not
just a question of National politics or State politics, but rather, and most impor-
tant, it is a question of local politics.
Peace is a community problem. The fight for peace is neighborhood politics.
Second. Your club should use its own initiative and go to work now on this
question. Actions should not be limited to ballots, petitions, and rallies. We
must remember that people express their determination for peace in their own
way: Church groups conduct mass prayers. Some organizations send delegations
to various political representatives. Some organizations lay wreaths commemo-
rating those who have given their lives in war and pledge themselves to work for
peace. These and other forms of expression help swell the demand that we shall
not face the holocaust of atomic destruction.
(Cvetic exhibit No. 99, ibid., pp. 3155-3157.)
124 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFElSrSIVE
List of Sponsors, by States, of Stockholm Appeal
[From folder. Prominent Americans Call for Outlawing Atomic Warfare]
Rev. Lemuel B. Greeh, Stockton
Bishop S. L. Greene, Payne College, Birmingham
Dr. W. E. Jackson, Greenville
Dr. D. V. Jemison, president. National Baptist Convention, Inc., Selma
J. B. Kennedy, chairman. General Youth Section, National Conference Methodist
Aubrey Williams, editor, Southern Farmer, Montgomery
Rev. Cullen B. Wilson, Opelika
Rev. Horatio H. Crawford, Yuma
Prof. W. W. Denton, University of Arizona, Tucson
Rev. J. H. Abernathy, Memphis
Mrs. Thelmaw Burke, Arkansas Association of Colored Women, Forrest City
Rev. J. R. Jamison, president, Arkansas Missionary Baptist Convention, Morril-
Rev. J. S. Jones, Scott
Elder A. L. Perkins, Little Rock
Rev. J. L. Thornton, recording secretary, Middle Western Association, Menifee
Rev. Gross W. Alexander, Redlands
Dr. Norman Bauer, Berkeley
Dr. and Mrs. David K. Bruner, Stockton
Rev. Howard R. Carey, Fontana
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cerney, Stockton College, Menlo Park
Dr. George A. Coe, professor emeritus. Union Theological Seminary, Claremont
Rev. J. Raymond Cope, Berkeley
Rev. Frank B. Cowgill, Huntington Park
Robert Crawford, president. Northern California, Western Nevada Christian
Youth Council, Berkeley
Rev. Kenneth L. Danskin, Redlands
Clarence L. Davis, Jr., Alameda
Dr. Percy M. Dawson, Los Altos
Thomas K. Farley, director, California- Arizona Conference of Methodist Youth
Fellowship, Los Angeles
Rev. Joyce W. Farr, San Jose
Dr. and Mrs. Morris Felton, San Francisco
Lion Feuchtwanger, author, Pacific Palisades
Richard B. Fisher, East Palo Alto
Rev. Owen M. Geer, Los Angeles
Dr. Asher T. Gordon, San Francisco
Mrs. Marie Price Gorin, Sacramento
Rev. E. Alexander Gray, San Diego
R. F. Hackenhull, Pasadena
Hugh Hardyman, La Crescenta
Rev. Arthur E. Harrington, San Fernando
Louise Harding Horr, Brisbane
John Howard Lawson, author, San Fernando
Dr. Frank Lindhorst. College of the Pacific, Stockton •
Grace McDonald, Santa Clara
Mrs. Albert Maltz, Los Angeles
Dr. Thomas Mann, author. Pacific Palisades
Ben Margolis, National Lawyers Guild, Los Angeles
Judge Stanley Moffatt, Huntington Park
Sidney Moore, Los Angeles
Rev. Dr. David Lee Mounts, Coronado
Cavendish Moxon, San Francisco
Rev. Arthur B. Patten, Claremont
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 125
Leonard T. Pockman, San Francisco
Bruce Risley, Marin
Dr. Holland Roberts, San Francisco
Rev. Edwin P. Ryland, Los Angeles
Alexander P. Saxton, author, Sausalito
Rev. Randall B. Scott, Los Angeles
Rev. Donald G. Smith, Folsom^
Joseph Allen Stein, architect, San Francisco
Howard Edwin Sweeting, architect, Pasadena
E. S. Thomas, Oakland"
Rev. Raymond A. Waser, Pasadena
Dr. Frank W. Weymouth, professor emeritus of psychology, Stanford University,
Jacob Zeitlin, Los Angeles
Prof. Jerome Davis, Boulder
Virginia Durr, Denver
Rev. A. G. Kendrick, Denver
Rev. Burke R. Lawtoii, Colorado Springs
Rev. Samuel W. Marble, Denver
Winston McDaniel, Denver
Samuel D. Menin, attorney, Denver
Very Rev. Paul Roberts, dean, St. John's Cathedral (Protestant Episcopalian),
Rev. Kenneth M. Smith, Colorado Springs
Rev. William Camobell Wasser, Denver
Mrs. Harvev Weeks, Delta
Rev. Harold H. Wright, Fort Collins
George Abbe, North Guilford
Rev. Merrill F. Clarke, New Canaan
Rev. John W. Darr, Wesleyan University, Middletown
Martha Dodd, author, Ridgefield
Witherspoon Dodgp, National Religion and Labor Foundation, New Haven
Rev. Albert J. Hallington, Danbury
Rev. Charles Ross Hodges, Norwich
Carroll HoUister, violinist, Westport
Crocket Johnson, attorney and publisher, South Norwalk
Rev. Kenneth R. Teed, Willimantic
Verne Weed, Hartford
Rev. William C. Munds, Greenville
District of Columbia
Rev. Roland M. Austin
Joseph Beavers, business agent, local 209, AFL
Miriam R. Bischoflf
Geneva Brown, financial secretary, local 471, Cafeteria Workers Union
Prof. C. De Witt Eldridge, George Washington University
Rev. Eddy L. Ford
Prof. E. Franklin Frazier, chairman, department of sociology, Howard University
William Glazier, legislative representative. International Longshoremen's &
Dr. Marcus Goldman, geologist
Rev. W. H. Jernagin, president, National Baptist Sunday School Congress
Rev. R. Benjamin Kirkland
Harry Lamberton, attorney
John Martini, business agent, local 209, AFL
Oliver Palmer, business agent. Cafeteria Workers Union, local 471
Dean George A. Parker, Terrell Law School
Mrs. Margheritta Tillman Stirling
126 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
John Stone, correspondent
Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, National Association of Colored Women
Bruce Waybur, economist
Dr. Irving Winik
Dr. Irwin R. Beiler, professor of religion, University of Miami, Miami
Hon. John M. Coe, former State senator, Pensacola
Rev. Ed. Martin, Palatka
Vernon Sanderson, Methodist Children's Home, Enterprise
Rev. M. J. Sherard, St. Petersburg
Rev. and Mrs. C. H. Seibert, West Newahaitchka
Prof. G. Murray Branch, Morehouse College, Atlanta
H. S. Dixon, Bainbridge
George W. Dudley, Atlanta
Bishop William A. Fountain, senior bishop, African Methodist Episcopal Church,
Kathryn Jones, Conference of Methodist Youth Fellowship, Atlanta
Larkin Marshall, editor and publisher, Macon
Rev. Leonard Oechsli, Honolulu
Rev. Louis C. Phelps, Northern Baptist Convention, Nampa
Prof. John G. Rideout, Pocatello
Rev. Ernest Akin, Payson
Harland H. Allen, Chicago
John T. Bernard, United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers, Chicago
Rev. Rav Bond, Chicago
Rev. Roy S. Buffat, Centralia
Prof. A. J. Carlson, University of Chicago, Chicago
Rudolf and Elizabeth Ina Carnap, University of Chicago, Chicago
Serge Chermayeff, Institute of Design, Chicago
Mrs. Dorothy Bushnell Cole, Chicago Women's Club, Chicago
Rev. Roy Crocker, Chicago
Ernest DeMaio, Chicago
Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Chicago
Rev. George Miles Gibson, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago
Rev. Glenn S. Gothard, Philo
Lowell B. Hazzard, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington
Concepcion Hernandez, Home Missions Council, Chicago
Rev. C. Wesley Israel, River Forest
Udell Jarden, president, Painters Local 55, Central Body, AFL, Staunton
Dr. Eugene Jenski, Chicago
Rev. W. D. Kilgore, Evanston
Prof. Ronald B. Levy, Roosevelt College, Chicago
Rev. P. Henry T>otz, Forrest
Bernard Lucas, International Longshoremen's & Warehousemen's Union, Chicago
Rev. Frank Marston, Jacksonville
Father Samuel J. Martin, Chicago
Helen Meserve, Hoopeston
Father Clarence Parker, Chicago
Rev. Clarence Peach, Chicago
Rev. John L. Regier, Chicago
Rev. Henry Edward Rompel, Orland Park
Rev. L. J. Sailor, Carlenville
Dr. I. H. Shapiro, Chicago
Dave Sheldon, Home Missions Council, Chicago
Don Snider, Elgin
Mieas S. Stephens, Sr., Chicago
Oscar Strum, secretary. Painters Local 35, V. P. Central Body, AFL, Staunton
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 127
Rabbi Samuel Teitelbaum, Evanston, Hillel Foundation, Northwestern University,
Bishop W. J. Walls, secretary, board of bishops, A. M. E. Zion Church; honorary
chairman, Committee for Peaceful Alternatives, Chicago
Ann West, Home Missions Council, Chicago
Charles Enoch Wheeler, Chicago
Ivois Whitacre, Home Missions Council, Chicago
Rev. P. G. Van Zandt, Chicago
Rev. Charles E. Zunkel, Elgin
Rev. W. D. Archibald, DeMotte
Rev. Marion C. Bishop, Griffeth
Dr. Gaines M. Cook, executive secretary, International Convention of Disciples
of Christ, Indianapolis
Norvin L. Crosby, Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, Terre Haute
John Gojack, general vice president. United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers,
M. L. Klopfenstein, Grabill
Rev. Peter Langendorff, Hammond
Dr. Frank Neuwelt. Gary
Willard B. Ransom president, Indianapolis National Association for Advance-
ment of Colored People, Indianapolis
David Reid, South Bend
Rev. Charles A. Tyler, North Vernon
Rev. William L. White, Paoli
Prof. Edward S. Allen and jNIinnie E. Allen, Ames
Homer Ayres, farm relations director, Farm Equipment Union, Des Moines
Rev. Lester H. Bill, Fort Madison
Rev. Lawrence Carlton, Sioux City
Rev. John De Long, Estherville
Rev. M. E. Dorr, Osage
Rev. Paul C. Ellis, Montezuma
Rev. Frank T. En Yart, Salem
Rev. Glenn S. Hartong, Mount Vernon
Charles W. Hobbie, Cedar Rapids
Hon. Charles P. Howard, lawyer, Des Moines
Rev. Ralph B. Imes, Eldora
Rev. Marvin B. Kober, Cedar Rapids
Prof. C. F. Littell, professor of history and political science, Cornell Collego,
Thomas I>udwig, manager. Farmers Cooperative, Greenville
Mrs. E. T. Mayer-Oakes, Emmetsburg
Rev. James Robertson, Fairfield
Rev. James P. Russell, Pocahontas
Rev. Robert L. Smith, Marathon
Fred W. Stover, president, Iowa Farmers Union, Hampton
C. Orville Strohl, executive secretary, Methodist Executive Commission on
Education, Des Moines
Rev. Herbert R. Thomas, Redfield
Rev. J. E. Bartholomew, Topeka
Rev. George H. DeBoer, Marion
Rev. Edward A. Freeman, Kansas City
Rev. Wright M. Hornton, Edna
Rev. P. J. Houston, Kansas City
Rev. E. Bernard Hurd, Topeka
Clara Michael, Topeka
Rev. Lynn H. Rupert, Kansas City
Richard A. SchroU, Kansas Methodist Student Movement, Syracuse
Rev. W. R. Brown, Ashland
Dr. G. A. Hampton, secretary, General Association Kentucky Baptists, Louisville
Rjv. H. W. Jones, Louisville
128 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSrSIVE
Armand V. Boutte, Sr., president, Negro Business League of New Orleans, New-
Dr. James A. Dombrowski, New Orleans
Prof. Robert D. Field, New Orleans
A. M. Friedman, New Orleans
Mrs. Viola M. Campbell, Saco
Rev. Francis C. Hawes, Winterport
Mrs. M. Louise Hunt, Portland
Dr. Jacob Melnick, Portland
Mrs. and Mrs. Charles L. Carhart, Fellowship of Reconciliation, Presbyterian
Church, Chevy Chase
Dr. Miles W. Connor, i Coppin Teachers College, Baltimore
Rev. G. Custer Cromwell, Towson
Blanche Hobbs McNeil, Hobbs
Rev. Charles T. Allen, district superintendent, the Methodist Church, Worcester
Rev. Guy Allen, Dorchester
Robenia Anthony, Springfield
Emily Greene Balch, honorable chairman, Women's International League for
Peace and Freedom, Wellesley
Rev. Oscar A. Benson, Worcester
Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard University Medical School, Cambridge
Rev. Raymond Calkins, Cambridge
Rev. Albert B. Cleage, Jr., Springfield
Florence Converse, author, Wellesley
Rev. E. Pomeroy Cutler, Richmond
Prof. Dorothy W. Douglas, Smith College, Northampton
Rev. Joseph Fletcher, Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge
Prof. S. Ralph Harlow, Smith College, Northampton
William Harrison, associate editor, Boston Chronicle, Boston
Willard T. Hazen, Jr., Pigeon Cove
Oscar M. Hechter, Worcester
Dorothy Hewitt, Boston Center for Adult Education, Cambridge
Rev. Kenneth de P. Hughes, Cambridge
Benjamin T. Johnson, Boston
Florence H. Luscomb, Cambridge
Rev. Clifford L. Miller, Boston
John E. Mitchell, Boston
Mrs. John F. Moore, Brookline
Rev. HoUis M. Mosher, Milton
Stanley E. Niebruegge, Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge
Rev. George L. Paine, Cambridge
Bertha C. Reynolds, Stoughton
Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, Wellesley
Prof. Dirk Struik, scientist and mathematician, IVIassachusetts Institute of
Dr. Vida D. Scudder, Wellesley College, Wellesley
R. A. Simmons, D. D. S., Boston
Dr. P. A. Sorokin, Harvard University, Cambridge
Rev. Charles M. Styron, Lincoln
Prof. John Wild, Harvard University, Cambridge
Dr. Edward L. Young, Committee of Physicians for Improvement of Medical
Rev. J. Burt Bouwman, executive secretary, Michigan Council of Churches,
Dr. Fred Fiske, Albion College, Wesley
Jean T. Hewitt, Detroit
1 This individual, also formerly a sponsor of the Maryland Committee for Peace, withdrew from that
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 129
Rev. Charles A. Hill, Detroit
Wm. Hood, recording; secretary, Ford Local 600, UAW-CIO, Detroit
Rev. Albert Wallace Kauffman, Bancroft
Mrs. Bertha Anderson, Minneapolis
Hon. Elmer Benson, Appleton
Rev. Paul G. Hayes, Albert Lea
Dr. I. M. Kolthoff, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Louis Locketz, Minneapolis
Mrs. Clarie Collins, Harvey, National Council of Negro Women, Jackson
Hon. W. J. Gates, Natchez
Rev. J. L. Tolbert, general secretary, Evangelism, Colored Methodist Episcopal
Church, New Albany
Dean C. Curnutt, president, Missouri Conference of Methodist Youth, Rock Port
Dr. Meredith F. Eller, Central College, Fayette
Tommie Haynes, Teamsters Union, AFL, St. Louis
Rev. J. L. Huntlev, St. Louis
Ben Koon, S. E. Missouri Conference Methodist Youth Fellowship, Bolivar
Rev. Walter A. Scheer, St. Louis
Rev. W. A. Sparks, Kansas City
Rev. Merle W. Burres, Western
Lydia N. Dueker, Gmaha
Rev. Otto M. Fabre, Brady
Almeda Hill, Women's Society of Christian Service, Falls City
Rev. Lowell D. Jones, Neligh
Mr. and Mrs. Harold Lewis, Gmaha
Rev. C. Edwin Murphy, Waverly
Lorene Schacht, Lincoln
Rev. C. T. Van Metre, Gmaha
Rev. M. Wingate, Liman
Rev. Paul L. McClure, Las Vegas
Rev. George C. Junkins, Danbury
Rev. George R. Wolverton, Franklin
Rev. Bedran K. Apelian, Fair Lawn
Mrs. Rachel R. Cadbury, Moorestown
Bernard Forer, Local 437, American Federation of Teachers, AFL, Trenton
Rev. Robert A. Geddes, Glen Rock
Irving Hirsch, Somerville
Rev. Chester E. Hodgson, Newark
James Imbrie, Lawrenceville
Dr. J. J. Kashkevich, Newark
Dr. Albert R. Melnikoff, Camden
Rev. James R. Miller, Hackettstown
Rabbi Sidney Nathanson, Plainfield
Prof. Erwin Panofsky, Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton University,
Walter S. Poleshuk, U. E. Local 401, Vaux Hall
Prof. Walter Rautenstrauch, Palisade
Rev. Lyman H. Seamans, Paterson
Rev. Ted C. Seamans, Paterson
James M. Senor, Jewish Community Center of Essex Co., Newark
Rev. Warren P. Sheen, Newark
Rev. Clifford G. Sinnickson, Avon
Rev. George Teague, Teaneck
130 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Dr. Harry F. Ward, professor emeritus, Union Tlieological Seminarj', Palisade
Daisy Ward, Palisade
Abraham Welanko, attorney, Newark
Frank Witkus, United Auto Workers, CIO Local 595, Kearny
Rev. Henry Hoyt Hayden, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
David Alman, author. New York
Prof. Kurt Anderson, New York
Rev. John W. Anna^?, Jr., Syracuse
• Dr. Herbert Aptheker, Brooklyn
Rev. Lloyd J. Averill, Jr., Rochester
Ruth Baker, New York
C. B. Baldwin, executive director, Progressive Partv, New York
Rev. Lee H. Ball, New Paltz
Rabbi Herbert Baumgard, president, student body, Jewish Institute of Religion,
Cedric Belfrage, New York
Rev. Anton Beza, Valley Falls
Albert Bland, New York
Rev. William G. Boomhower, Brooklyn
Prof. Dorothy Brewster, Columbia University, New York
Lucy Brown, pianist, New York
Prof. Edwin Berry Burgum, New York University, New York
Canaan Baptist Church, New York
Marc Chagall, artist, New York
Rev. Ruthven S. Chalmers, Spencer
Jerome Chodorov, playwright, New York
Prof. Ephraim Cross, College of the City of New York, New York
Rev. John Darr, Jr., New York
Rev. George Davis, Assembly of Spiritualists, New York
Hadley DePuy, New York Annual Conference Methodist Youth Fellowship,
St. Lawrence University, Canton
Arnold Donawa, D. D. S., New York
Muriel Draper, Congress of American Women, New York
Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, anthropologist, Council on African Affairs, chairman, Peace
Information Center, New York
Father Clarence Duffy, New York
Arnaud d'Usseau, New York
Susan d'Usseau, New York
Prof. Abraham Edel, Jamaica
Duke Ellington, composer and musician, New York
Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild, New York University, New York
Sidney Finkelstein, writer, Elmhurst
Mrs. Welthy Honsinger Fisher, chairman, World Day of Prayer, Committee of
United Council' of Church Women, New York
Abram Flaxer, president. United Public Workers, New York
Rev. Adrian B. Foote, Endicott
Dr. Leonard Frank, New York
Richard A. Freedman, D. D. S., New York
Prof. Frank S. Freeman, department of psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca
Milton A. Galamison, Brooklyn
Essie Garfein, Brooklyn
Vincent Glinskv, artist, New York
Rabbi Albert S. Goldstein, New York
Harry Gottlieb, artist, New York
Eward G. Guinier, United Public Workers, New York
Dr. Ralph H. Grundlach, New York
Shirley Graham, author, St. Albans, Long Island
Robert Gwathmey, artist, New York
George Hall, New York
Prof. Talbot HamiHn, New York
Dashiell Hammett, author. New York
Charles C. Haney, Brooklyn
Rev. Thomas S. Harten, Brooklyn
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 131
Herbert Haufrecht, composer, New York
Harry Hausknecht, New York
Leo T. Hurwitz, New York
Ada B. Jackson, Brooklyn Interracial Assembly, Brooklyn
Rev. Raymond S. Jewett, Mount Vernon
Robert Joyce, New York
Albert E. Kahn, Croton on Hudson
Rockwell Kent, artist, Ausable Forks
Doris H. Koppelman, Bronx Junior Hadassah, Bronx
Rev. Thomas Kilgore, Jr., Bronx
Dr. John A. Kingsbury, Shady
Alfred Kreymborg, poet. New York
Rev. Charles Wesley Lee, New Hyde Park
Mrs. Jean Lesser, Hewlett, Long Island
Ray Lev, pianist. New York
Rabbi Howard L Levine, Lindenhurst, Long Island
Rev. Father Frederick W. Lightfoot, Maspeth, Long Island
Helen M. Lynd, New York
Rev. Frederick C. Maier, Baldwin
F. L. Marcuse, department of psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca
Sarnia Marquand, New York
John McManus, general manager. National Guardian, New York
Eve Merriam, author, New York
Prof. Philip Morrison, physicist, Cornell University, Ithaca
Florence Murray, editor, the Negro Handbook, New York
Rev. Melville D. Nesbit, Jr., Ogdensburg
Rev. Joseph Niver, Stormville
Russ Nixon, economist, Brooklyn
Alex North, pianist. New York
Charlie Parker, composer and musician. New York
William Patterson, Civil Rights Congress, New York
Rev. Don Eliento Pedro, New York
Albert Pezzati, International Union of Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers, New York
George Pirinsky, American Slav Congress, New York
Anton Refregier, artist, Woodstock
Wallingford Riegger, composer, New York
Paul Robeson, singer. New York
Rev. Frank P. Rogers, Jr., Amityville
-O. John Rogge, Esq., New York
Muriel Rukeyser, poet. New York
Rose Russell, New York Teachers Union, New York
Rev. William K. Russell, Brooklyn
Dr. Sidney, M. Samis, Flushing
Dr. Artur Schnabel, pianist, New York
Aaron Schneider, UOPWA, New York
Bill Shneyer, Jewish Young Fraternalists, New York
Rev. James T. Small, New York
Ferdinand C. Smith, Harlem Trade LTnion'Council, New York
Johannes Steel, New York
Alfred K. Stern, New York
Prof. Bernhard J. Stern, Columbia University, New York
Leon Straus, Joint Board Fur Dressers and Dyers Union, New York
Rev. T. C. Taylor, Brooklyn
Rev. Joseph H. Titus, Jamaica
Rev. Otto K. Walther, New York
Eda Lou Walton, New York Universitv, New York
Rev. Bradford G. Webster, Buffalo
Walter N. Welsh, Syracuse
Prof. Gene Weltfish, Columbia Universitv, New York
Rev. Elmer Reed West, Wells
Rev. Eliot White, New York
Rev. David Rhvs Williams, Rochester
Alexander Wolf, M. D., New York
Clement Wood, Delanson
Maxine Wood, dramatist. New York
Archie Wright, Farmers Unions, Ogdensburg
132 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFETsTSIVE
Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, president, Palmer Institute, Sedalia
Angeline Coutlakis, Asheville
Rev. J. M. Miller, Rocky Mount
L. R. Russell, Greensboro
Prof. Royer Woodburn, director, Wesley Foundation, Grand Forks
Rabbi Stanley R. Brav, Central Conference of American Rabbis, Cincinnati
Rev. Edwin A. Brown, Marion
Russell N. Chase, attorney, Cleveland
Bishop A. R. Clippinger, presiding bishop, Evangelical United Brethren Church,
Rev. H. G. Coleman, Cleveland
Isabel Dornon, East Palestine
Ivan Dornon, president, Ohio Methodist Student Movement; United Student
Christian Council; World Student Christian Federation, East Palestine
Rev. Oliver G. Droppers, Cleveland
Rev. M. C. Hunt, Lakewood
William E. Jacobs, National Youth Cabinet, Evangelical and Reformed Church,
Rev. B. F. Lamb, president, Ohio Council of Churches, Columbus
Rev. F. B. Landerdale, Cincinnati
Rev. Carl J. Landes, Shandon
Mrs. Harry C. Long, Akron Council for Peace Action
Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Antioch College, Yellow Springs
Rev. Harry S. Mabie, Oberlin
Dr. Henry M. Marbly, Cincinnati
Donald L. Mathews, Columbus
Joseph Morgenstern, Cleveland
Rev. Arthur M. Shenevelt, London
Prof. Ralph H. Turner, Oberlin College, Oberlin
C. B. Whitlach, Cleveland
Rev. James D. Wyker, Ohio Council of Community Churches, Mount Vernon
Rev. Charles H. Davis, Haskell
Rev. Horace F. Patton, Tulsa
B. J. Wilson, Okmulgee
Rev. Wendell L. Coe, North Bend
The Rt. Rev. Benjamin D. Dagwell, D. D., Protestant Episcopal bishop of Oregon,
Dr. Robert H. Ellis, Portland
Rev. William H. Genne, Pacific University, Forest Grove
Rev. Sidney E. Harris, Monument
Ruth P. W'hitcomb, American Friends (Quaker) Wider Fellowship, Corvallis
Wilmer J. Althouse, Farmers Union Local 70, Berks County, Hamburg
Hans Blumenfeld, Philadelphia City Plan Commission, Philadelphia
J. A. Boak, past master, Pennsylvania State Grange, New Castle
Millen Brand, writer, New Hope
Rev. Burns Brodbead, Moravian College, Bethlehem
Rev. Leonard G. Carr, chairman, civic committee, Philadelphia Baptist Ministers
Alvin B. Christman, president, eastern division. Farmers Union, Centerport
Miriam E. Cliff, president, local 638, Food & Tobacco Workers Union, Lancaster
Dr. I. J. Domas, Erie
Prof. Barrows Dunham, Temple University, Cynwyd
Dr. H. Stanley Dunn, Evangelical and Reformed Theological Seminary, Lancaster
Rev. Robert H. Eads, State College
Rev. Clarence B. Felton, Boothwyn
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 133
Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, Philadelphia
Rev. Wayne Furman, Warren
John E. Gillespie, United Steel Workers of America, local 2295, Coatesville
Rev. C. W. Gregory, Philadelphia
Rev. J. C. Hairston, Pittsburgh
Donald Henderson, administrative director, Food & Tobacco Workers Union,
Rev. H. Ross Hume, Canonsburg
Don Levine, New Castle
Rev. R. S. McGrew, Vandergrift
Blanche M. Nicola, St. Martha's Settlement House, Philadelphia
Rev. G. A. Parkins, Pittsburgh
Margaret L. Pennock, Philadelphia
Rabbi E. H. Prombaum, Hazelton
Mitchell M. Schaffer, Bethlehem
Joseph L. Schatz, president, local 2, UOPWA, Philadelphia
Herman E. Stenger, Central Pennsylvania Conference of Methodist Youth,
Rev. Arthur A. Swanson, Lundy's Lane
Rev. B. J. Tingler, Meadville
Dr. Philip R. White, Cancer Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania,
Dr. Lawrence D. Williams, Harrisburg
Rev. Edwin H. Witman, New Cumberland
Alexander Wright, Pittsburgh
Mrs. Anna B. Yarnall, YWCA; Friends Misson Board, Philadelphia Yearly Meet-
Dr. Thomas B. Jones, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras
Rev. Otto P. Churchill, North Scituate
Hon. Clemens F. France, former State welfare commissioner, West Warwick
Elizabeth Murray Robinson, Jamestown
Mrs. Emily Finley Robinson, Jamestown
Rev. Norman J. Tenpas, Castlewood
Rev. J. E. Beard, secretary-treasurer, pension department, AME Church, Nash-
Rev. W. Flenoy, Chattanooga
Rev. Bernie H. Hampton, Chattanooga
Rev. Donald Howell, Lafayette
Dr. Ralph W. Riley, American Baptist Theological Seminary, Nashville
Rev. Cornelius H. Witt, Memphis
Rev. Frank A. Boutwell, Bryan
Dr. Arthur L. Bradley, Conroe Normal and Industrial College, Conroe
Bob Breihan, Methodist Youth Fellowship, Dallas
Matthew G. Carter, assistant secretary. Southwest Area Council, YMCA, Dallas
Rev. M. K. Currv, Wichita Falls
Rev. E. M. Edwards, Dallas
Rev. James I. Gilmore, Wolfe City
Rev. Z. H. Hickerson, Mineral Wells
Fred Loville, Houston
Dr. A. E. McMillan, Waco
Rabbi J. Sarasohn, Marshall
Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Utah (retired).
Salt Lake City
Hon. James H. Wolfe, justice of the Supreme Court of LTtah, Salt Lake City
134 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Prof. Kurt Anderson, Bennington College, Bennington
Rev. J. R. Case, Vergennes
Rev. Skillman E. Myers, Plainfield
Elder Norman E. Cooper, Winchester
Prof. J. Ellison, Virginia Union University, Richmond
Edgar S. Fraley, Bristol
Dr. A. B. Harrison, Franklin
Dr. I. J. McGuffin, South Boston
Miriam Wabur, Arlington
Prof. Wayne Burnes, Seattle
Alice Holm, Maselle
Prof. A. C. Keller, University of Washington, Seattle
Dr. Willis Merriam, State College of Washington, Pullman
William J. Pennock, Washington Pension Union, Seattle
Mrs. Jean W. Schuddakopf, UOPWA Local 35, Seattle
Victor Steinbrueck, American Institute of Architects, Seattle
Rev. E. A. Wolfe, Everett
Dr. James B. Eaton, Swilzer
Eugene O. Maley, Weston, West Virginia Conference of Methodist Youth Fellow-
Rev. B. R. Morgan, North Spring
Prof. Leland H. Taylor, Morgantown
Rev. Herman A. Block, Berlin
Rev. Frederick C. Boiler, Bangor
Rev. W. Ross Connor, district superintendent, Methodist Church, Madison
Rev. George H. Crow, Argyle
Rev. Roy Curless, Pittsville
Rev. J. Roy Deming, Wauwatosa
Rev. Lewis Manson Douglas, Riposa
Rev. E. E. Draeger, Marion
Rev. Fred Erion, Green Bay
R. S. Havenor, Madison
Joan Holliday, Methodist Youth Fellowship, West Wisconsin Conference, La
Rev. Walter W. HoUiday, Elkhorn
John S. Hubner, Wampsum
Rev. Deane W. Irish, Portage
Rev. J. Birk Johnson, Benton
Mary E. Johnson, Benton
Rev. Bernard Kassilke, Waldo
Julius Lange, Owen
Rev. John Leypoldt, Milwaukee
Rev. Guy R. "Nelson, Waukesha
Rey. Floyd E. Olson, Briggsville
Rev. Frank C. Seymour, Tomahawk
Rev. Alvin Stacy, Willard
Jean Streckenbach, Wesley Foundation, Oshkosh
Rev. O. R. Thome, Mellen
Rev. W. F. Tomlinson, Edgerton
Mrs. Peter Walters, Women's Christian Service Union, Holcome
Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, district superintendent, Methodist Church, Casper
(Organizations and other affiliations listed for purposes of identification only.)
THE COM]\IUKIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
(Letterhead, dated February 1951)
American Peace Crusade
1186 broadway, new york 1, n. y.
Phone MU 5-6526
Let the People Speak fob PeaceI
Willmer J. Althouse
Bishop Cameron C. Alleyne
Mrs. Charlotta Bass
Hon. Ehner Benson
Herbert J. Biberman
Rabbi Abraham J. Bick
Mr. Edwin Bjorkman
Dr. Dorothy Brewster
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown
Rev. Dudley H. Burr
Dr. Allen Butler
Mr. and Mrs. John F. Clewe
Dr. George A. Coe
Dorothy B. Cole
Dr. Abraham Cronbach
Bishop Benjamin D. Dagwell
Dr. Jerome Davis
Dr. Mark A. Dawber
Mr. Ernest De Maio
Hon. Earl B. Dickersen
Dr. J. A. Dombrowski
Rev. M. E. Dorr
Rev. Oliver G. Droppers
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois
Virginia Foster Furr
Rev. Emmer Engberg
Rev. Joseph M. Evans
Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild
Rev. G. Linwood Fauntleroy
Hon. Clemens France
Prof. Royal Wilbur France
Rev. Stephen Fritchman
Mr. John Gojack
Dr. Carhon B. Goodlet
Alice Hamilton, M. D.
Prof. Talbot Hamlin
Rev. Charles A. Hill
Hon. Charles P. Howard
Rev. Kenneth DeB. Hughes
Mr. James Imbrie
Rev. Massie Kennard
Mr. Rockwell Kent
Dr. John A. Kingsbury
Prof. Oliver S. Loud
Dr. Robert Morss Lovett
Dr. Willis Merriam
Bishop Waher A. Mitchell
Prof. Philip Morrison
Bishop Arthur M. Moulton
Prof. Erwin Panofsky
Dr. Clementina J. Paolone
Dr. Linus Pauling
Mr. Albert Pezzati
Dr. Lucius C. Porter
Mr. Willard Ransom
Rev. William N. Reid
Eslanda Goode Robeson
Dr. Lewis Bavard Robinson
Rev. Charles E. Tvler
Mr. Fred W. Stover
Dr. Theodor A. Rosebury
Mrs. Andrew A. Simkins
Prof. Louise Pettebone Smith.
Dr. P. A. Sorokin
Prof. Leland H. Tavlor
Mary Church Terrell
Mr. Arnaud d'Usseau
Justice James N. Wolfe
Dr. Edward L. Young
136 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
(Leaflet, Let the People Speak for Peace! — published by the American Peace
THE WASHINGTON PROGRAM
Thursday, March 1st (latei' changed to 15th)
Registration: 9:30 a. m.-ll:00 a. m.
11:00 a. m.-4:00 p. m. : Visit Senators and Congressmen in their offices and in
4:30 p. m.-6:00 p. m.: Reports to State delegation meetings on congressional
7:30 p. m. Mass Rally for Peace
Delegates are urged to remain an extra day to continue visiting their Congress-
men. In addition, there will be special meetings for those concerned with the
problems of bringing the program of the American Peace Crusade to the following
sections of the American people:
Women Youth Farm
Negro Labor Religious groups
Headquarters for the Pilgrimage will be at Turners Arena, 1341 W Street NW.,
Thursday, March 1 [later changed to 15th].
All delegates are urged to report to Turner's Arena first to register. Registra-
tion Fee $1.
For further information, fill in the blank and send to the American Peace Cru-
sade, 1186 Broadway, New York City 1, N. Y.
what you can do to help
1. Take part in the American Peace Crusade.
2. Ask your Club, Church, or Union to send a delegation to the Peace Pilgrimage.
3. Come to Washington and bring your friends.
BRING OUR BOYS HOME FROM KOREA; MAKE PEACE WITH CHINA NOW
We are summoning American men and women to take part in a Peace Pil-
grimage to Washington, March 1 [later changed to 15th], 1951.
We, the undersigned, propose a Peace Pilgrimage to our National Capitol so
that our Congressmen, Senators, and our President can learn of the will to peace
among all Americans, regardless of creed, color, occupation, or political opinion.
Willmer J. Althouse, Hamburg, Pa.
Bishop Cameron C. Alleyne, Philadelphia, Pa.
Mrs. Charlotta Bass, Los Angeles, Calif.
Hon. Elmer Benson, Appleton, Minn.
Herbert J. Biberman, Hollywood, Calif.
Rabbi Abraham J. Bick, New York City
Mr. Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville, N. C.
Dr. Dorothy Brewster, New York City
Harry Bridges, San Francisco, Calif.
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Sedalia, N. C.
Hugh Bryson, San Francisco, Calif.
Rev. Dudley H. Burr, East Hartford, Conn,
Dr. Allen Butler, Cambridge, Mass.
Albin Christman, Centreport, Pa.
Dr. George A. Coe, Claremont, Calif.
Dr. Abraham Cronbach, Cincinnati, Ohio
Bishop Benjamin D. Dagwell, Portland, Oreg.
Dr. Jerome Davis, New Haven, Conn.
Dr. Mark A. Dawber, Long Beach, Long Island, N. Y.
Mr. Ernest De Maio, Chicago, 111.
Hon. Earl B. Dickersen, Chicago, 111.
Dr. J. A. Dombrowski, New Orleans, La.
Rev. M. E. Dorr, Osage, Iowa
Rev. Oliver G. Droppers, Cleveland, Ohio.
Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, New York City
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFElSrSIVE 137
Virginia Foster Durr, Denver, Colo.
Mr. Arnaud d'Usseau, New York City
Rev. Emmer Engberg, Pasadena, Calif.
Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Chicago, 111.
Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild, New York City
Howard Fast, New York City
Rev. G. Linwood Fauntleroy, San Francisco, Calif,
Abram Flaxer, New York, N. Y.
Hon. Clemens France, Providence, R. I.
Prof. Royal Wilbur France, Rollins College, Winter Park, Fla.
Rev. Stephen Fritchman, Los Angeles, Calif.
Mr. John Gojack, South Bend, Ind.
Ben Gold, New York, N. Y.
Uta Hagen, New York City
Alice Hamilton, AI. D., Hadlvme, Conn.
Prof. Talbot Hamlin, New York City
Hugh Hardvman, LaCrescenta, Calif. *
Rev. Charles A. Hill, Detroit, Mich.
Hon. Charles P. Howard, Des Moines, Iowa
Rev. Kenneth DeB. Hughes, Boston, Mass.
Mr. James Inbrie, Lawrenceville, N. J.
Albert Kahn, Croton-on-Hudson, N. Y.
Rev. Massie Kennard, Chicago, 111.
Mr. Rockwell Kent, Au Sable Forks, N. Y.
Dr. John A. Kingsbury, Shady, N. Y.
Karly Larsen, Seattle, Wash.
Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Yellow Springs, Ohio
Dr. Robert Morss Covett, Chicago, 111.
Howard McGuire, Chicago, 111.
Dr. Willis Merriam, Pullman, Wash.
Bishop Walter A. Mitchell, Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.
Prof. Philip Morrison, Ithaca, N. Y.
Bishop Arthur M. Moulton, Salt Lake City, Utah
Prof. Erwin Panofsky, Princeton, N. J.
Dr. Clementina J. Paolone, New York City
Dr. Linus Pauling, Pasadena, Calif.
Mr. Albert Pezzati, New York City
Dr. Lucius C. Porter, Beloit, Wis.
Mr. Willard Ranson, Indianapolis, Ind.
Rev. William N. Reid, Chicago, 111.
Eslanda Goode Robeson, Enfield, Conn.
Paul Robeson, New York City
Dr. Lewis Bayard Robinson, Baltimore, Md.
Dr. Theodor A. Rosebury, New York City
Mrs. Andrew A. Simkins, Columbia, S. C.
Alex Sirota, New York, N. Y.
Prof. Louise Pettebone Smith, Wellesley, Mass.
Dr. P. A. Sorolsin, Cambridge, Mass.
Mr. Fred W. Stover, Hampton, Iowa
Rev. Charles E. Tvler, Omaha, Nebr.
Prof. Leland H. Taylor, Morgantown, W. Va.
Mary Church Terrell, Washington, D. C.
Maurice Travis, Denver, Colo.
Justice James N. Wolfe, Salt Lake City, Utah
Michael Wood, Chicago, 111.
Dr. Edward L. Young, Cambridge, Mass.
Mrs. Andrew W. Simkins, Columbia, S. C.
Ferdinand C. Smith, New York.
Rev. Kenneth M. Smith.
Wesley Methodist Church, Colorado Springs, Colo.
Hersciiel Solomon, American Jewish Congress youth leader, San Francisco.
Rev. Frederich K. Stamm, Congregational Christian Church (retired), Plum-
Rev. B. C. Taylor, Valliant, Okla.
Rev. J. C. Thornton, Menifee, Ark.
Idell M. Umbles, Chicago Women for Peace, Chicago.
138 THE COMMTJMST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Mrs. Clara M. Mincent, Chattanooga, Tenn.
Rev. Alfred H. Washburn, Denver.
Rev. William Campbell Wasser, Methodist Church, Denver.
Miriam Waybur Arlington, Va.
Abraham Welanko, attornev, Hollvwood.
Dr. Gene Weltfish, New York.
Dr. Gunther Wertheimer, executive secretary, Maryland Committee for Peace,
Rev. Eliot White, New York.
Mrs. Lulu B. White, woman leader, Houston, Tex.
Dr. Henry N. Wieman, University of Oregon.
Albert J. Wilson, Portland, Oreg.
Roy M. Wingate, Merriman, Nebr.
Frank Witkus, Kearney, N. J.
Alexander Wright, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Rev. Harold H. Wright, Congregational Unitarian Church, Fort Collins.
Arthur Zebbs, New Orleans.
(Daily Worker, March 15, 1951, pp. 5 and S)
166 More Notables Join Sponsors of Peace Group
One hundred and sixty-six Americans, among whom are 40 Protestant ministers
and rabbis, have added their names as sponsors of the American Peace Crusade,
it was announced today by the crusade's national committee. Among the new
sponsors for the crusade are Rev. Prof. Rolland E. Wolfe, Western Reserve
University, Cleveland; Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, district superintendent, Methodist
Church, Casper, Wyo. ; Rabbi Robert E. Goldberg, Hamden, Conn.; writer
Dashiell Hammett; Prof. William Wells Denton, University of Arizona; Prof.
Harvey Roberts, Virginia State College; Prof. C. Sheldon Hart, Carleton College;
Fyke Farmer, attorney and leader in world government movement; Tom
Ludwig, farm leader, Greenville, Tenn.; and Hans Blumenfeld, City Planning
Initial sponsors include four Protestant bishops— Bishop Cameron C. Alleyne,
Philadelphia; Bishop Benjamin D. Dagwell, Portland, Oreg.; Bishop Walter A.
Mitchell, Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.; Bishop Arthur W. Moulton, Salt Lake City,
Utah; the noted chemist, Dr. Linus Pauling of Pasadena, Calif.; atomic physicist
Dr. Philip Morrison of Cornell University; Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, noted Negro
anthropologist and historian, and many other distinguished American figures.
Thousands of people will be in Washington on a "Peace Pilgrimage" March 15
under the auspices of the American Peace Crusade, which has launched a gigantic
peace-poll mobilization in all parts of the country.
The question that is being featured in all peace-poll ballots is, "Are you for
bringing our troops back from Korea and for making peace with China now?"
Himdreds of thousands of peace-poll ballots have already been sent out, ac-
cording to the national office of the crusade, which is at 1186 Broadway, New
Among the sponsors are:
Prof. Edith Abbott, Chicago
Helen F. Alfred, Altadena, Calif.
Prof. Jurt Anderson, New York, N. "Y.
Robenia Anthony, educator, Springfield, Mass.
Rev. David Bell, New London, Conn.
Dr. Bernard Bender, New York, N. Y.
John T. Bernard, United Electrical Workers, Chicago, 111.
Rev. Anton Beza, Valley Falls, N. Y.
Rev. Verle Wilson Blair, Church of Our Master, Chicago, 111.
Dr. Frederick A. Blossom, Washington, D. C.
Nathaniel Bond, Durham, N. C.
Rev. W. H. Boone, Little Rock, Ark.
Rev. J. E. Bowen, Mount Sterling, Ky.
Joseph Brainin, New York, N. Y.
Rev. T. E. Brown, Progressive Baptist Church, Chicago
Prof. G. Murray Branch, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga.
Lucy Brown, concert pianist. New York
THE COIVIMUNIST "PEACE" OEFENSIVE 139
David Burliuk, Sr., artist.
Prof. Wayne Burns, Seattle, Wash.
Rev. J. R. Case, Vcrgennes, Vt.
Rev. Paul W. Caton, Halstead Street Institutional Church
Russell N. Chase, attorney, Cleveland
Rev. A. Myron Conhran, Alexandria, Va.
Mrs. Dorothy Bushnell Cole, Chicago
Marvel Cooke, New York
Rev. John F. Corpe, Montclare Congregational Church, Chicago
Rev. N. A. Davis, Monroe Ville, Ala.
Dr. Arnold Donawa, New York
Mrs. Mayme Dunivan, assistant superintendent, Macedonia Baptist Church
E. M. Edwards, Dallas, Tex.
Rev. J. Edwin Elder, Congregational Church, New Plymouth, Idaho
Dr. Robert H. Ellis, Portland, Oreg.
Rev. Frank T. Enyart, Lima, Ohio
Gertrude Evans, Washington, D. C.
Dr. Arthur Huff Fauset, Philadelphia
R. D. Field, New Orleans
Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, Protestant Episcopal Church, Philadephia, Pa.
Rev. Edward A. Freeman, First Baptist Church, Kansas City, Kans.
Ruth Freeze, Dayton, Ohio
Rev. James I. Gilmore, Wolfe City, Tex.
Rabbi Robert E. Goldburg, Congregation Mishkan Israel, New Haven, Conn.
Dr. Leo M. Goldman, Chicago
Marcus I. Goldman, Washington, D. C.
Harry Gottlieb, New York
Rev. G. E. Graden, Methodist Church, Dania, Fla.
Rev. S. Grayson, Baptist Church, Chicago
Mitchell A. Greene, Georgetown, S. C.
Charles C. Haney, youth leader, Brooklyn
Rev. Edgar D. Handle, Eudora, Ark.
William Harrison, associate editor, Boston Chronicle, Boston
Joseph Hirsch, New York
Charles John Hoffman, youth leader. New Haven, Conn.
Carroll Hollister, concert pianist, New York
Rev. P. J. Houston, Kansas City, Kans.
Rev. Albert W. Kauffman, Congregational-United Church, Vernon, Mich.
Rev. A. G. Kendrick, Denver, Colo.
Rev. Lewis Kuester, Reformed Church, Secaucus, N. J.
Harry C. Lamberton, former general counsel of Rural Electrification Administration
Calvin Lippitt, youth leader, Detroit
Fred Loville, Houston, Tex.
Florence H. Luscomb, Cambridge, Mass.
Prof. Curtis D. MacDougall, Northwestern University
Gordon MacDougall, youth leader, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Rev. S. P. Manning, St. Mark's Methodist Church, Kingsport, Tenn.
Dr. John M. Marsalka, national president, American Slav Congress, New Haven,
Larkin Marshall, publisher of Macon Herald, Macon, Ga.
John S. Mazeika, Lithuanian Peace Committee, Chicago
David McCanns, cocbairman, United Negro Peoples' Committee for Peace and
Freedom, Harlem division. New York
W. A. McGirt, Jr., youth leader, Winston-Salem, N. C.
Dr. George S. McGovern, Dakota Wesleyan University, Mitchell, S. Dak.
Rev. Edward McGowan, Epworth Methodist Church, New York
Horace S. Meldahl, attorney, Charleston, W. Va.
Karen Morley, actress, Los Angeles
Dr. Frank Neuwelt, Gary, Ind.
Prof. J. Rud Nielsen, Norman, Okla.
Dr. Thomas F. Ogilvie, Atlantic City
Father Clarence Parker, St. Peters Protestant Episcopal Church, Chicago
William Pennock, Washington Pension Union, Seattle, Wash.
David Poindexter, youth leader, Salem, Oreg.
Prof. Anatol Rapaport, University of Chicago
140 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Marie J. Reed, trade-unionist, Cleveland
Bertha C. Reynolds, social worker, Stoughton, Mass.
Dr. John G. Rideout, Pocatello, Idaho
Rev. R. Poland Ritter, Archer, Iowa
Dr. Holland Roberts, educator, San Francisco, Calif.
Rev. James M. Royston, Union Baptist Church, Chicago
Antonio Rubio, Chicago Ethical Society, Chicago
Dr. Robert J. Rutman, Philadelphia
Ernest N. Rymer, youth leader. New York
Mitchell W. Schaflfer, steelworker, Bethlehem, Pa.
Bill Schneyer, youth leader, New York
Mrs. C. H. Schuddakopf, youth leader. Gig Harbor, Wash.
Rev. M. L. Scott, Marion, Ark.
Dr. Benjamin Segal, New York
(Leaflet distributed at the mass rally for peace held at Turner's Arena, Washing-
ton, D. C, March 15, 1951, by the American Peace Crusade)
washington, d. c, march 15, 1951
9:00-10:30 A. M.: Registration, Turner's Arena, 1341 W Street NW,
10:30 A. M.: Visits to Congressmen and Senators (on Capitol Hill)
1:30-2 P. M.: Prayer meeting for peace — Tenth and You Streets NW.
2:45-3:45: Plenary session (Turner's Arena)
"Where Do We Go From Here"
Report from the Sponsors' Meeting by —
Dr. Philip Morrison
Dr. Clementina Paolone and others
3:45-5:45 P. M. : State and city delegation meetings (Turner's Arena)
4:45-5:45 P. M.: Special caucuses (Turner's Arena)
7:15: Mass rally for peace (Turner's Arena)
Prominent speakers will include:
Dr. Philip Morrison, Atomic Scientist
Prof. Robert Morss Lovett, former Acting Governor of the Virgin
Mrs. Therese Robinson, Chr.
Mr. Paul Robeson
Dr. Clementina J. Paolone, Chr., American Women for Peace '
(Daily People's World, February 16, 1951, p. 3)
Peace Ballot to Reach Thousands in Bay Area
San Francisco, February 15. — Formal announcement this week of a Nation-
wide "peace poll" found peace organizations in the San Francisco Bay area on the
mark and ready to go today.
Already they have organized a committee to direct the American Peace Crusade
in the bay area, and at least one participating organization — the Independent
Progressive Party of Alameda County — will hold "peace ballot" mobilizations
Establishment of local crusade headquarters at 935 Market Street (room 307,
telephone EXbrook 2-5295), assured the early distribution of thousands of blue
and white "peace ballots" — which will give rank-and-file citizens a chance to vote
"yes" or "no" on the question: "Are you for bringing our troops back from Korea
and for making peace with China now?"
THE COMMUN^IST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 141
Agreement to set up a local headquarters was reached at a meeting last week
attended by delegates or observers from the following organizations: San Francisco
chapter of the Labor Conference for Peace; peace committee of the American-
Russian Institute; Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy; Sausalito
Peace Committee; IPP from San Francisco and Alameda Counties; Committee
for Peaceful Alternatives and the Palo Alto Peace Committee.
Members of the committee that will direct the campaign campaign locally
include William Kerner, Mrs. Jeanne Grusez, Dr. Holland Roberts, John Flowers,
Mrs. Virginia Stoll, Mrs. Helen Benner, Dr. Robert Colodny, and Eral Leek.
The committee said each participating organization is 'making preparations
this week to undertake specific projects "that will bring the peace ballot into homes,
shops, churches, and main centers of northern California."
Kerner, speaking on behalf of the committee, declared, "A peaceful settlement
of the present crisis is possible and necessary. We are confident thousands of
Bay area residents will take this opportunity to register their opinions on this vital
"The 'great debate' on our foreign policy has, to date, been limited to statesmen
and politicians. By using the peace ballot the people of America will now express
their sentiments in this debate."
The Alameda county IPP said virtually all of its clubs are scheduled to mobilize
Sunday for a door-to-door canvass with ballots.
West Oakland club will mobilize at 1 p. m. at 902 Willow Street.
(Daily People's World, February 26, 1951, p. 3)
Peace Ballot Welcomed in Palo Alto
San Francisco, February 25 — Palo Alto residents have hit upon a novel way
of casting their ballots for peace and results, in the "yes" column, are already
flowing into the San Francisco office of the Committee for the American Peace
To acquaint the public with the poll, the Palo Alto Peace Committee purchased
a large space in the Palo Alto Times in which the ballot was printed in its entirety.
The ballot asks a "yes" or "no" answer to the one question: "Are you for
bringing our troops back from Korea and for making peace with China now?"
Readers of the Times were urged to mark the ballots and mail them to the
San Francisco peace office, room 307, 935 Market Street.
By the next day, the ballots began to arrive, said William Kerner, executive
secretary of the San Francisco committee.
To date, some 15 have been received. All were marked "yes."
THE COMIVIUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSrSIVE
"Thp: World Must Outlaw A-Bomj?s Now!"
[Advertisement in Baltimore Sun, June 5, 1950, p. 16]
LIST OP SPONSORS OF MARYLAND COMMITTEE FOR PEACE
Prof. D. Cameron Allen, ^ educator
Mrs. Estelle Amousky, musician
Franklin L. Balch
Dr. Edgar F. Berman, ' surgeon
Miss Carol V. Blanton, musician
Dr. Ruth Bleier, physician
Rev. J. Harrison Bryant
Dr. Robert Burns, embryologist
Dr. A. C. Burwell, physician
Dr. J. E. T. Camper, civic leader
Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Cascino, artists
Prof. Alphonse Chapanis, educator
Miss Betty Clark, youth leader
Prof. Lloyd J. Davidson, educator
Rev. R. J. Daniels
Rev. Eddy L. Ford
Rev. Clarence L. Fossett
Rev. Don Foster
Rev. Frank J. Frve
Rev. Bruce H. Gilford
Dr. E. A. Gilkes, physician
Rabbi Israel M. Goldman
Mrs. Victor L. Gray, civic leader
Rabbi Jacob S. Green
Rev. Albert H. Hammond
Rev. John Hammond
Rev. Charles S. Harper
Mrs. Mary Hawkins, civic leader
Rabbi Joseph H. Hirseh
Rev. and Mrs. Richard R. Hively
Rev. Loyd A. Holt
Dr. Evelyn Howard, physiologist
Mrs. Margaret R. Irving
Dr. Frederick Jackson, educator
Rev. Kelly L. Jackson
Mrs. Adah Jenkins, civic leader
Mrs. Eugene L. Jenness
Dr. Arthur L. Johnson, physician
Prof. Leo Kanner, psychiatrist
Mrs. Joseph Kaplan, civic leader
Mr, and Mrs. Richard Kapuscinski,
Mr. Allen Katz, youth leader
Rev. and Mrs. Fairfax F. King
Rev. Bruce Knisely
Lin wood G. Koger, attorney
Arthur C. Lamb, educator
Dr. Stanley Levy, dentist
i;Later resigned from this organization. See p. M.
Rev. Norris A. Lineweaver '
Rev. and Mrs. Ely Lofton
Prof. Victor Lowe, educator
Miss Esther McCuUy, student leader
Karl Metzler, artist
Rabbi Uri Miller
Rev. Cedric E. Mills
Prof. Clifford T. Morgan, psychologist
Prof. Orville Moselv, educator
Mr. and Mrs. William Murphy, civic
Daniel Nitzberg, youth leader
Dr. A. G. Osier, iDacteriologist
Prof. Edwards A. Park, pediatrician
Rev. Joseph N. Pedricki
Rev. W. Lindsai Pitts
Rabbi Manuel M. Poliakoff i
Mr. Arthur Randall, journalist
Chuck Richards, radio announcer
Dr. and Mrs. Harold Rosen, psychia-
Rabbi Samuel Rosenblatt
Rev. Edwin A. Ross
Mrs. Arno Schirokauer
Rev. Gustav Schmidt
Rabbi Ephraim F. Shapiro
Dr. and Mrs. George Sharfatz
Bishop Alexander P. Shaw
Mr. Howard Shpritz, civic leader
Mrs. Herbert Shuger
Rev. E. L. Smith
Aaron Sopher,' artist
Anthony Stone, psychologist
Mrs. Henry G. Taubman, civic leader
Mrs. Haidee Terrill, novelist
Prof. Alexander Walker, educator
Pev. James H. Walker
Melvin L. Ward, civic leader
Mrs. Gertrude Waters, civic leader
Rev. Wilbur Waters
Dr. Charles Watts, dentist
Dr. William Watts, physician
Rev. E. W. White
Rev. E. W. Williams
Rev. F. E. Williar
Rev. Carl E. Young
Dr. Ralph J. Young, physician
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 143
Call to Mid-Century Conference for Peace, May 29, 30, 1950, Chicago
Dr. David Baker, president, Associated Church Press, St. Louis, Mo.
Emily Greene Balch, Nobel prize winner, honorary chairman, Women's Inter-
national League for Peace and Freedom, Wellesley, Mass.
Dr. Wade Crawford Barclay, Methodist Board of Missions, New York, N. Y.
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, president, Palmer Institute, Sedalia, N. C.
Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan, Congregation Beth-El, Astoria, Long Island.
Rev. Donald Cloward, Northern Baptist Convention, New York, N. Y.
Mrs. Howard G. Colwell, president. Northern Baptist Convention, Loveland,
Dr. Abraham Cronbach, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dr. Mark Dawber, Long Beach, Long Island.
Prof. Kermit Eby, University of Chicago, Chicago. 111.
Rabbi Alvin I. Fine, Congregation Emanu-El, San Francisco, Calif.
Mrs. Welthy H. Fisher, United Council of Church Women, New York City.
Prof. E. Franklin Frazier, Howard University, W^ashington, D. C.
Rabbi Robert Cordis, Jewish Theological Seminarv, Belle Harbor, New York
Bishop S. L. Greene, A. M. E. Church, Birmingham, Ala.
Prof. Georgia Harkness, Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111.
Prof. Robert J. Havighurst, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111.
Dr. Charles W. Iglehart, chairman, board of directors, F. O. R., New York City.
Rev. D. V. Jemison, president. National Baptist Convention, Selma, Ala.
Dr. W. H. Jernagin, Fraternal Council of Negro Churches, Washington, D. C.
Jameson Jones, president. National Conference of Methodist Youth, Nashville,
Rabbi Leo Jung, Rabbinical Council of America, New York, N. Y.
Rev. William E. Lampe, Evangelical and Reformed Church, Philadelphia, Pa.
Dr. Halford E. Luccock, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn.
Dr. Lester G. McAllister, Berkeley, Calif.
Dr. Thomas Mann, Nobel literature prize winner. Pacific Palisades, Calif.
Donald L. Mathews, Union Theological Seminary, New York City.
Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, president, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga.
Dean Walter G. Muelder, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Dr. John S. Nolle, president emeritus, Grinnell College, Iowa.
Dr. Albert W. Palmer, Altadena, Calif.
Rt. Rev. Edward L. Parsons, Protestant Episcopal bishop (retired); San Fran-
Prof. Linus Pauling, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.
Prof. George V. Schick, secretary. Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference,
St. Louis, Mo.
Rev. Franklin I. Sheeder, Evangelical and Reformed Church, Philadelphia, Pa.
Hon. Odell Shepard, Pulitzer hterature prize winner, Connecticut.
Dr. P. A. Sorokin, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Dean John B. Thompson, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, University of Chicago,
Dr. Charles Turck, president, Macalester College, St. Paul, Minn.
Prof. Oswald Veblen, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University,
Princeton, N. J.
Bishop W. J. Walls, A. M. E. Zion Church, Chicago, 111.
Prof. Goodwin Watson, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City.
Bishop R. R. Wright, Jr., A. M. E. Church, Atlanta, Ga.
Organizations, titles and other affiliations are listed for purposes of identification
144 THE COMMUNIST "PEAiCE" OFFENSIVE
Monday, May 29
10:00 a.m.— 12 m. —REGISTRATION . . . .* St. James Methodist Church
4611 S. miis Ave., Chicago
2:00 p.m. —4:00 p.m.— KEYNOTE SESSION St. James Methodist Church
Bishop W. J. Walls, A.M.E. Zion Church
HISTORY OF THE CONFERENCE
Dr. John B. Thompson, Dean. Rockefeller Chapel, University of
THE COLD WAR. WHERE ARE WE TODAY?
Dr. Malcolm P. Sharp, Professor of Law, University of Chicago
THE REQUIREMENTS FOR PEACE
Prof. Kerrait Eby, Divisionof Social Sciences, University of Chicago
PEACE IS DYNAMIC
Mis8 Emily Greene Balch, Honorary Chairman, Women's Inter-
national League for Peace and Freedom,
Wellesley, Mass. (recorded)
5:30 p.m.— YOUTH SUPPER
Donald Mathews, President, Student Cabinet, Union Theological
Seminary, New York City
8:00 p.m.— PUBLIC MEETING— St. James Methodist Church, 4611 S. Ellis
"PEACE IS POSSIBLE"
INVOCATION— Dr. George A. Fowler, St. James Methodist Church, Chicago
CHAIRMAN— Dr. John B. Thompson, Dean, Rockefeller Chapel, University of
SPEAKERS— Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Pres., Palmer Institute. Sedalia, N.C.
Dr. Mark A. Dawber, formerly of the Home Missions Council of North
America, Long Beach, N.Y.
Rev. Maasie Kennard, pastor to youth. Metropolitan Community
Thomas Mann, Nobel Prize Winner (recorded)
Prof. Philip Morrison, physicist, Cornell University
F. W. Stover, Editor, "The Iowa Union Fanner," De« Moines, Iowa
Harris Wofford, Trustee, Foundation for World Government, N.Y.C.
Tuesday, May 30— WORK SEMINARS TO EXAMINE PEACEFUL ALTERNATIVES TO
THE COLD WAR
10 KM) a.m.— 12 KK) m —
All at St. James Methodist Church
IKM) p.m.— 3KM) p.m.—
I. FEAR— EFFECTS ON FAMILY AND COMMUNITY
MODERATOR— Dr. David D. Baker, Pres., Associated Church Press, St. Louis, Mo.
DISCUSSION LEADERS— Prof. K«rmit Eby, Division of Social Sciences, llnivereity of Chicago
Dr. Albert Bamett, Garrett Biblical Institute. Evanston. III.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE:" OFFEISTSIVE 145
II. EFFECTS OF THE H-BOMB, THE A-BOMB
MODERATOR— Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan, Congregation Belh-El, Astoria, L.I.
DISCUSSION LEADERS— Dr. Daniel Q. Posin, Professor of Physics, N. DakoU State Agricul-
tural College, Fargo
■ Rev. Alfred W. Swan, First Congregational Church, Madison, Wis.
III. ECONOMY, TRADE AND FOREIGN POLICY
MODERATOR— Rev. Edgar M. Wahlberg, Mt. Olivet Methodist Church, Dearborn,
DISCUSSION LEADERS— Prof. Colston E. Warne, Economist, Amherst College, Mass.
Mrs. WeJthy Fisher, Chairman, World Day of Prayer Committee,
United Council of Church Women, N.Y.C.
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, Author and Anthropologist, Council on African
IV. CIVIL LIBERTIES
MODERATOR— Dr. Charles J. Turck, President, Macalesler College, St. Paul, Minn.
DISCUSSION LEADER— Hon. Clifford Durr, Former Federal Communications Commissioner.
Dr. Mark A. Dawber, fomieriy of the Home Missions Council of North
America, Long Beach, N.Y.
To plan efTective community action, the Conference will have experts in religion, education,
labor, youth and community life as consultants in each seminar.
4 KM) p.m.— 6K)0 p.m.— CLOSING SESSION
Reports from Seminars
Adoption of Program
Election of Continuations Committee
7:00 p.m. —FELLOWSHIP SUPPER
Attendance and participation is open to all who are concerned with theproblemof peace in today's world.
Registration fee: $2 — for admission to all sessions.
Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown Prof. Robert J. Havighurst Rev. Franklin I. Sheeder
Rabbi Jonali K. Caplan Jameson Jones Dean John B. Thompson
Prof. Kermit Eby Dr. Halford E. Luccock Bishop W. J. Walls
Rabbi Aivin I. Fine Dr. Thomas Mann Prof. Goodwin Watson
Mrs. Welthy Fisher Donald Mathews Bishop R. R. Wright, Jr.
Prof. Linus Pauling
REGISTRATION FORM-Tear off and mail!
to: MID-CENTURY CONFERENCE FOR PEACE
30 North Dcarlrarn Street, Chicago 2, IllinoU
I plan to attend the MID-CENTURY CONFERENCE FOR PEACE to be
Mil in Chicago on May 29. 30
I will attend as an individual.Q
I will be a deleKale, representing
Re«(iatration fee of S2.00 is encloMd. O"
Your prompt return of the at-
tached registration form will
help us to make the necessary
arrangements for adequate and
convenient meeting facilities.
Make ell checks payable to:
146 THE COMMUKIST "PEACE" OFE'EK'SIVE
Prof. Edith Abbott, Hull House, Chicago, 111.
Rev. S. A. Abram, East Beckley, W. Va.
Rev. Gross W. Alexander, Redlands, Calif.
Miss Helen Alfred, Peace Publication Fund, South Orange, N. J.
Bishop A. J. Allen, A. M. E. Zion Church, Cleveland, Ohio.
Bishop C. C. Alleyne, A. M. E. Zion Church, Philadelphia, Pa.
Rabbi Michael Alper, Jewish Institute of Religion, New York
Rev. Howard M. Amoss, North Avenue Methodist Church, Baltimore, Md.
Dr. J. H. Ashbv, Afro-American Baptist Convention, Asbury Park, N. J.
Rev. B. Franklin Auld, Baltunore, Md.
Rev. H. Stewart Austin, West Palm Beach, Fla.
Homer Ayres, Farm Relations Director, Farm Equipment Union, Des Moines,
Rev. Karl Baehr, American Christian Palestine Committee, New Hvde Park,
Donald Gay Baker, Chairman, Friends Temperance Association, Collegeville, Pa.
Dr. De Witt C. Baldwin, University of Michigan.
Dr. Russell W. Ballard, Hull House, Chicago, III.
Rev. Alfred H. Barker, Des Moines, Iowa
Dr. Albert E. Barnett, Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111.
Dr. Cyrus P. Barnum, Jr., University of Minnesota.
Miss Charlotta Bass, editor, the California Eagle, Los Angeles, Calif.
Rev. Owen J. Beadles, Methodist district superintentent, Seattle, Wash.
Rev. J. E. Beard, A. M. E. Church, Nashville, Tenn.
Prof. Irwin R. Beiler, University of Miami, Miami, Fla.
Elmer Benson, Appleton, Minn.
Robert Berberich, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Milwaukee, Wis.
Dr. Frederick K. Beutel, dean, Law School, University of Nebraska.
Rev. Lester H. Bill, Fort Madison, Iowa
Dr. Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville, N. C.
Dr. Algernon L. Black, New York Society for Ethical Culture, New York
Dr. Ruth Bleier, Maryland Committee for Peace, Baltimore, Aid.
Hans Blumenfeld, Philadelphia, Pa.
Dr. Heil D. Bollinger, Methodist Board of Education, Nashville, Tenn.
Rev. Charles J. Booker, Birmingham, Ala.
Rev. Charles F. Boss, executive secretary, Commission on World Peace, Metho-
dist Church, Evanston, 111.
Rev. J. Burt Bouwman, executive secretary, Michigan Council of Churches,
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, Chicago, 111.
Rev. J. W. Bradbury, editor. Watchman Examiner, New York City
Rev. Theodore Brameld, New York University
Prof. G. Murray Branch, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga.
Rabbi Stanley R. Brav, Cincinnati, Ohio
Prof. Dorothy Brewster, Columbia University.
Prof. Edgar S. Brightman, Boston University
Rev. E. F. Broberg, Sioux Citv, Iowa
Rev. John W. Broek, Plainfield, N. J.
Rev. J. S. Brookens, editor, A. M. E. Review, Mobile, Ala.
Rev. Edwin A. Brown, Marion, Ohio
Bishop W. C. Brown, Los Angeles, Calif.
Prof. Robert W. Browning, Northwestern University.
Dr. T. T. Brumbaugh, associate secretary, Methodist Board of Missions,
New York, N. Y.
Dr. David Bryn-Jones, Carlton College, Northfield, Minn.
Hugh Bryson, Marine Cooks & Stewards Union, San Francisco, Calif.
Prof. Wayne Burns, Seattle, Wash.
Prof. Edwin A. Burt, Cornell University
Dr. Allan M. Butler, Medical School, Harvard University.
Mrs. Rachel R. Cadbury, Society of Friends, Moorestown, N. J.
Prof. Kenneth Neill Cameron, University of Indiana, Bloomington
Rabbi Jessurun D. Cardozo, New York, N. Y.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Carhart, Chevy Chase, Md.
Dr. Anton J. Carlson, University of Chicago
Prof. Rudolph Carnap, University of Chicago
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 147
Lucy P. Carner, social worker, Chicago, III.
Rev. G. H. Carter, the Christian Index, Jackson, Tenn.
Matthew G. Carter, association secretary, Southwest Area Council, YMCA,
Rev. and Mrs. Mark A. Chamberlin, Gresham, Oreg.
Dr. Bernhard Christensen, president, Augsburg College, Minneapolis, Minn.
Alvin B. Christ man. Farmers Union, Centerport, Pa.
Rev. Otto P. Churchill, North Scituate, R. I.
James Cichocki, president, local 742, UAW-CIO, Detroit, Mich.
Miriam E. Cliff, president. Food, Tobacco, Agricultural Workers, local 638,
Robert M. Coates, writer, Bayside, N. Y.
Rev. Albert Buckner Coe, D. D., president, Massachusetts Conference of Con-
gregational Churches, Boston, Mass.
Dr. George A. Coe, professor, emeritus. Union Theological Seminary, Claremont,
Rabbi Rudolph I. Coffee, San Francisco, Calif.
Rabbi Jack J. Cohen, New York, N. Y.
Mrs. Dorothy Bushnell Cole, Chicago Women's Club, Chicago, 111.
Dr. Edwin Grant Conklin, Princeton University
Rev. W. Ross Conner, Madison, Wis.
Rev. Elbert M. Conover, Methodist Church, New York, N. Y.
Florence Converse, author, Wellesley, Mass.
Rev. Lindley J. Cook, Portland, Maine
Fred Coots, Jr., New York, N. Y.
Dr. Henry Hitt Crane, Detroit, Mich.
Rt. Rev. Benjamin D. Dagwell, D. D., Protestant Episcopal bishop of Portland,
Dr. George Dahl, professor emeritus, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn.
Phyllis Ann Davies, Keuka College, Keuka Park, N. Y.
Dr. Jerome Davis, West Haven, Conn.
Rev. Warren J. Day, Union Theological Seminary, New York, N. Y.
A. C. Debobe.n, Brotherhood Firemen and Engineers, Gardenville, N. Y.
Prof. John J. DeBoer, University of Illinois
Rev. Purd E. Deitz, Eden Theological Seminary, Webster Groves, Mo.
Prof. W. W. Denton, University of Arizona
Dr. W. Marshon DePoister, Grinnell College, Iowa
Rev. Oviatt F. Desmond, Columbus, Ohio
Prof. Charlotte D'Evelyn, Mount Holyoke College
Dr. Harold De Wolfe, Boston LTniversity
Hon. Earl B. Dickerson, Chicago, 111.
Prof. Frank Dobie, University of Texas, Austin
Dr. Witherspoon Dodge, National Religion and Labor Foundation, New Haven,
Ivan Dornon, president, Ohio Methodist Student Movement
Rev. M. E. Dorr, Dayton, Iowa
Dr. Hedley S. Dimock, George Williams College, Chicago, 111.
Prof. Dorothy W. Douglas, Smith College
Mary E. Dreier, Women's Trade Union League, New York, N. Y.
Rev. Oliver G. Droppers, Cleveland, Ohio
Rabbi Abraham Dubin, Flushing, N. Y.
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, New York, N. Y.
Lvdia A. M. Denser, Methodist Hospital Nurses Home, Omaha, Nebr.
Rev. Hubert N. Dukes, Grand Forks, ,N. Dak.
Dean David Dunn, Evangelical and Reformed Seminary, Lancaster, Pa.
Dr. L. C. Dunn, Columbia University
Dr. H. Stanley Dunn, Evangelical and Reformed Seminary, Lancaster, Pa.
Rev. G. Eugene Durham, Evanston, 111.
James Durkin, president, UOPWA, New York, N. Y.
Hon. Clifford Durr, Washington, D. C.
Armand d'Usseau, playwright. New York, N. Y.
Carl Leon Eddv, Indianapolis, Ind.
Robert M. Eddy, Albany, N. Y.
Rev. J. Edwin Elder, New Plv mouth, Idaho
Errol T. Elliot, Richmond, Ind.
Rev. Phillips P. Elliott, Brooklyn, N. Y.
148 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Prof. Thomas I. Emerson, Yale University Law School
Joseph E. Engel, Cleveland, Ohio
Rev. A. R. Eschliman, Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Chicago, 111.
Prof. John Scott Everton, president, Kalamazoo College
Thomas K. Farley, director. Southern California-Arizona Conference of Meth-
odist Youth, Los Angeles, Calif.
Rev. C. C. Farnham, executive secretary
Los Angeles Church Federation, California
Lion Feuchtwanger, writer, Pacific Palisades, Calif.
Harold E. Fey, editor, Christian Century, Chicago, 111.
Rev. Prof. Joseph F. Fletcher, Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge, Mass.
Rev. Arthur W. Foote, Unitarian Church, St. Paul, Minn.
Rev. Eddy L. Ford, Baltimore, Md.
Price Forsythe, president. Local 725, IBEW, AFL.
Rev. Roscoe Foust, New York, N. Y.
Dr. George A. Fowler, president. Church Federation of Greater Chicago, Chi-
John Franzen, Seymour, Conn.
Prof. Frank S. Freeman, Cornell University
Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman, Los Angeles, Calif. ^ "
Edward D. Gallagher, past president, California State Federation of Teachers,
San Francisco, Calif.
Bishop Carey A. Gibbs, A. M. E. Church, Jacksonville, Fla.
Rev. George Miles Gibson, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, 111.
Rev. Rudolph W. Gilbert, Unitarian Church, Denver, Colo.
Mrs. Louis S. Gimbel, Jr., New York, N. Y.
Hon. Josiah W. Gitt, publisher. Gazette Daily, York, Pa.
Rabbi Roland B. Gittelsohn, Rockville Centre, Long Island, N. Y.
Robert C. Gnegv, recording secretary, National Conference of Methodist Youth
Washington, D. C.
Rabbi Robert E. Goldberg, New Haven, Conn,
Louis Goldblatt, ILWU, San Francisco, Calif.
Carlton B. Goodlett, M. D., president, NAACP, San Francisco, Calif.
Helen Gordon, Denver, Colo.
Dr. Ivan M. Gould, general secretary, Pennsylvania Council of Churches, Harris-
Charles A. Graham, former chairman, War Labor Board, Denver, Colo.
Shirley Graham, writer, St. Albans, Long Island, N. Y.
Rabbi David Graubart, D. D., Chicago, 111.
Rev. Leon E. Grubaugh, Denver, Colo.
David Haber, Yale University Law School
Prof. Calvin S. Hall, Cleveland, Ohio.
Alice Hamilton, M. D., Hadlyme, Conn.
Bishop J. Arthur Hamlett, Colored M. E. Church, Kansas City, Kans.
Prof. C. H. Hamlin, Atlantic Christian College, Wilson, N. C.
Dr. G. A. Hampton, secretary general. Association of Kentucky Baptists, Louis-
Pauline Gillespie Hansen, YWCA, Los Angeles, Calif.
Prof. Harrison L. Harley, Simmons College, Brookline, Mass.
George Harper, administrative secretary. National Conference Methodist Youth,
Dr. E. E. Harris, the Telescope Messenger, Harrisburg, Pa.
Prof. C. Sheldon Hart, Carleton College, Northfield, Minn.
Rev. William C. F. Hayes, conference superintendent. Evangelical United
Brethren, Madison, Wis.
Mrs. Anne E. Heath, president. Women's Missionary Society, A. M. E. Church,
Prof. Michael Heidelberger, New York, N. Y.
Donald Henderson, Philadelphia, Pa.
Dr. Everett C. Herack, president emeritus, Newton Theological School, Massa-
Rev. Chas. A. Hill, Detroit, Mich.
Dr. Leslie Pickney Hill, State Teachers College, Cheyney, Pa.
Dr. Cecil E. Hinshaw, former president, William Penn College, F. O. R., Kirk-
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 149
Virginia Hippie, recording secretary, U. E. 754, Dayton, Ohio
Rev. John Haynes Hohnes, New York, N. Y.
William Hood, recording secretary, UAW-CIO Local 600, Dearborn, Mich.
Rev. Reynold N. Hoover, Chicago, 111.
Karen Horney, M. D., New York, N. Y.
Rabbi Samuel Horowitz, Seattle, Wash.
Dr. Walter M. Horton, Oberlin Graduate School of Theology, Oberlin, Ohio
Hon. Charles P. Howard, Des Moines, Iowa.
Rev. Fred A. Hughes, editor. Western Christian Recorder, St. Louis, Mo.
Rev. M. C. Hunt, Lakewood, Ohio
James Imbrie, Lawrenceville, N. J.
Rev. Harold B. Ingalls, National Student YMCA, Tuckahoc, N. Y.
Rev. Dr. J. R. Jamison, president, Arkansas Missionary Baptist Convention,
Udell Jarden, president. Painters Local Union 35, Staunton, 111.
Jenny A. Johnson, editor. The Friend, Minneapolis, Minn.
Dr. E. Stanley Jones, New York, N. Y.
Esther Holmes Jones, Philadelphia, Pa.
Rev. John Paul Jones, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dr. Mordecai M. Kaplan, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York,
Rev. Massie Kennard, cochairman, Illinois Christian Youth for Peace, Chicago,
Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, Methodist district superintendent, Casper, Wyo.
Dr. A. C. Keller, University of Washington
Prof. Carl Kepner, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa.
Bishop Paul B. Kern, Methodist Church, Nashville, Tenn.
Rev. Herbert King, New York, N. Y.
Velma Ruth King, Southwestern College, Winfield, Kans.
Rabbi Edward E. Klein, New York, N. Y.
Dr. I. M. Kolthoff, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Rev. Edwin E. Krapf, Los Angeles, Calif.
Leo Krzycki, president, American Slav Congress, Milwaukee, Wis.
Rev. B. F. Lamb, president, Ohio Council of Churches, Columbus, Ohio.
Rev. Andrew H. Lambright, Madison, Wis.
Dr. Corliss Lamont, writer, New York, N. Y.
Rev. Carl J. Landes, Shandon, Ohio.
Rev. Donald G. Lathrop, Boston, Mass.
Rev. Dr. John Howland Lathrop, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Hugo Leaming, cochairman, Illinois Christian Youth for Peace, Chicago, 111.
James D. LeCron, Berkeley, Calif.
Howard Lee, vice president, local 22, UAW-CIO, Detroit, Mich.
Nora W. Link, Women's Missionary Society, A. M. E. Church, Philadelphia, Pa,
Robert L. Lindsey, Union Theological Seminary, New York, N. Y.
Prof. Rayford W. Logan, chairman, department of history, Howard University
Rev. Herman H. Long, Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn.
Rev. John D. Long, Dayton, Ohio
Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio
Tom Ludwig, Farmers Union, Greenville, Tenn.
S. Beryl Lush, Philadelphia, Pa.
Prof. Curtis D. MacDougall, Northwestern Universitv
Louis Machetta, president, local 22, UAW-CIO Detroit, Mich.
Rev. James Macpherson, Broadway Baptist Church, Denver, Colo.
Rev. Paul G. Macy, executive secretary, Evanston Council of Churches, Evanston,
Rev. Charles C. G. Manker, El Paso, Tex.
Rev. Stanley Manning, chairman. Committee on International Relations, Uni-
versalist Church of America, Avon, 111.
Rev. Samuel W. Marble, Denver, Colo.
Dr. F. L. Marcuse, Cornell University
Mary Bacon Mason, vice chairman. War Resisters League, Newton Center,
Prof. Kirtley Mather, Harvard University
Rev. Howard G. Matson, Santa Monica, Calif.
Grace McDonald, Santa Clara, Calif.
Bernard V. McGroarty, Cleveland, Ohio
150 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Mrs. Annabelle J. McLay, Birmingham, Mich.
Carey McWilHams, Los Angeles, CaUf.
Rev. George Mecklenburg, Minneapolis, Minn.
Dr. Paul I. Miller, Hiram College, Ohio
Rabbi Uri Miller, Baltimore, Md.
Rt. Rev. Walter Mitchell, Protestant Episcopal bishop (retired) of Arizona,
Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.
Dr. F. M. Ashley Montagu, Rutgers University, N. J.
Rev. Robert W, Moon, San Francisco, Calif.
Mrs.jHalois Moorehead, Hotel Front Service Employees Union, local 444, A. F. of L.,
Prof. Philip Morrison, Cornell University
HoUis M. Mosher, Milton, Mass.
Willard Motley, author, Chicago, 111.
Dr. John R. Mott, World Alliance, YMCA, New York, N. Y.
Rt. Rev. Arthur W. Moulton, Protestant Episcopal bishop (retired) of Utah, Salt
Lake City, Utah
Mrs. Baxter Mow, Chicago, 111.
Stuart Mudd, M. D., School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Rev. Robert Muir, Roxbury Crossing, Mass.
Rev. Skillman E. Myers, Goddard College, Plainfield, Vt.
Prof. Seth Neddermeyer, University of Washington
Dr. Henry Neumann, Brooklyn Ethical Culture Society, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Rev. J. Pierce Newell, La Crosse, Wis.
Rev. Walter D. Niles, Bonne Terre, Mo.
M. W. O'Brien, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Richmond, Calif.
Clifford Odets, playwright. New York, N. Y.
Rev. Tarrence F. Ogden, president, Schenectady Ministers Association, Schenec-
tady, N. Y.
Rt. Rev. C. Ashton Oldham, Protestant Episcopal bishop of Albany, N. Y.
Mrs. John Ormond, Birmingham, Mich.
Dr. A. G. Osier, School of Hygiene, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md.
Rev. Clarence E. Parr, Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Rev. Elmer C. Pedrick, Richmond, Va.
Rev. Edward L. Peet, Mill Valley, Calif.
Rev. Leslie T. Pennington, Chicago, 111.
Dr. E. C. Peters, president, Paine College, Augusta, Ga.
Albert Pezzati, International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, Columbus,
Rev. Louis C. Phelps, Nampa, Idaho
Prof. Seymour M. Pitcher, State University of Iowa
Rabbi David De Sola Pool, New York, N. Y.
Harry H. Powell, president, local 1010, United Steelworkers of America, CIO,
Indiana Harbor, Ind.
Willard B. Ransom, State president, NAACP, Indianapolis, Ind.
Shirley Reece, National Conference of Methodist Youth, Stockton, Calif.
Rev. J. W. Reed, Portland, Oreg.
Bishop Frank M. Reid, Allen University, Columbia, S. C.
Rev. L. Willard Reynolds, West Newton, Ind.
Rev. James Rhinesmeith, Oceanside, N. Y.
Judge James Hoge Ricks, Richmond, Va.
Prof. John G. Rideout, Pocatello, Idaho
Rev. Llovd H. Rising, Lincoln, Nebr.
Holland "Roberts, director, California Labor School, San Francisco, Calif.
Very Rev. Paul Roberts, dean, St. Johns Cathedral, Denver, Colo.
Dr. Theodor Rosebury, New York, N. Y.
Rabbi Jacob Phillip Rudin, Great Neck, Long Island, N. Y.
Dr. E. E. Rvden, The Augustana Lutheran, Rock Island, 111.
Dr. Ernest W. Saunders, Morningside College, Sioux City, Iowa
J. Nevin Sayre, division International F. O. R., New York, N. Y.
Alfred G. Scattergood, Religious Society of Friends, Philadelphia, Pa.
J. Henry Scattergood, Religious Societv of Friends, Villanova, Pa.
Leo SchaefTer, president, local 163, UAW, Detroit, Mich.
Sylvain Schnaittacker, Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, El Paso, Tex.
Rev. Paul G. Schneider, Canton, Ohio
Dr. T. C. Schneirla, American Museum of Natural History, New York, N. Y.
Dr. Edwin W. Schramm, Columbus, Ohio
THE COMiVIUNIST "PEACE" OFFElSrSIVE 151
Rev. John H. Shanley, Coshocton, Ohio
Dr. Harlow Shapley, Harvard College Observatory
Prof. John F. Shepard, University of Michigan
Dr. Guy Emery Shipler, editor, The Churchman, New York, N. Y.
Tom L. Slater, Carpenters Union, local 1, A. F. of L., Chicago, 111.
Rev. Alson J. Smith, writer, Stamford, Conn.
Marlin E. Smith, president. Food, Tobacco Workers, local 638, Oshkosh, Wis.
Rev. Roy C. Snodgrass, Amarillo, Tex.
Rabbi Elias Solomon, New York, N. Y.
Dr. John Somerville, author, New York, N. Y.
Rev. Walter B. Spaulding, executive secretarv, Montana Board of Education,
Methodist Church, Great Falls, Mont.
Jonathan Steere, Philadelphia, Pa.
Rev. Philip Humason Steinmetz, Ashfield, Mass.
Rev. Alexander Stewart, Union Theological Seminary, New York, N. Y.
Walter Stich, Marine Engineers, San Francisco, Calif.
Rev. Wrav W. Stickford, Mansfield, Mass.
Donald E. Stier, Cleveland, Ohio
I. F. Stone, columnist, Washington, D. C.
Fred W. Stover, president, Iowa Farmers Union, Hampton, Iowa
Oscar Strum, vice president. Central Body, A. F. of L., Staunton, 111.
Dr. Stanley I. Stuber, Church World Service, Inc., New York, N. Y.
Leon Svirsky, Ossining, N. Y.
Rev. Alfred W. Swan, Madison, Wis.
Glen Talbot, president. North Dakota Farmers Union, Jamestown, N. Dak.
Rev. Alva W. Taylor, Nashville, Tenn.
Dr. Price A. Taylor, Jr., Central Christian Advocate, New Orleans, La.
Rev. John H. Telfer, Dousman, Wis.
Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, honorary president. National Association for Ad-
vancement of Colored Women, Washington, D. C.
Rev. Dillon Throckmorton, Sr., Methodist district superintendent, Sacramento,
Rev. Willis C. Thurow, Montana Conference Methodist Church, Glendive, Mont.
Mrs. M. E. Tilly, Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, Ga.
Rev. Frank Morev Toothaker, Methodist district superintendent. Phoenix, Ariz.
Rev. V. M. Townsend, president. Elder A. M. E. Church, Little Rock, Ark.
Rev. Carroll D. Tripp, Vermont Church Council, Burlington, Vt.
Louis Untermeyer, writer, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dr. Willard Uphaus, executive secretary. National Religion and Labor Founda-
tion, New Haven, Conn.
Mark Van Doren, writer, New York, N. Y.
Pierre Van Paassen, writer. New York, N. Y.
Rev. P. G. Van Zandt, Chicago, 111.
Dr. Maurice Visscher, University of INIinnesota
Rev. Edgar M. Wahlberg, Dearborn, Mich.
Bishop Paris A. Wallace, A. M. E. Zion Church, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Prof. George H. Watson, Roosevelt College, Chicago, 111.
Rev. Ewart G. Watts, El Paso, Tex.
Prof. F. W. Went, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.
Prof. Henry Nelson Wieman, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oreg.
Rev. Howard G. Wiley, executive secretary, Minneapolis Church Federation
Rev. Howell O. Wilkins, vice chairman. World Christian Youth Commission,
" Camden, Del.
Rev. Harper S. Will, alternate moderator. Church of the Brethren, Chicago, 111.
Aubrey Williams, editor. Southern Farmer, Montgomery, Ala.
Rev. Claude Williams, Helena, Ala.
Rev. Walter T. Wilson, East Chicago, Ind.
Rev. Edwin H. Witman, New Cumberland, Pa.
Hon. James A. Wolfe, Utah Supreme Court justice. Salt Lake City, Utah
Prof. Rolland E. Wolfe, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
Dr. Thomas Woody, University of Pennsylvania
Rev. Warren Wyrick, chairman. Commission on International Relations of San
Francisco Council of Churches
Prof. W. A. Young, Baker University, Baldwin, Kans.
Rev. Herbert E. Zebarth, Milwaukee, Wis.
152 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFPE'JSTSIVB
[Advertisement in New York Times, April 13, 1949, p. 36]
Labor Wants Peace Talks Not a Pact for War — A Statement on the North
The United States Senate, which recently filibustered the civil rights bills to
death, has been called upon to push through the North Atlantic Pact at top
It is argued that the North Atlantic Pact is urgently needed to secure world
peace. Yet many, here and abroad, are alarmed over the pact and fear that, far
from promoting peace, it may lead to war. This is our fear. We, the under-
signed, see neither hope nor promise in a world divided into hostile blocks.
It makes no sense to say, as the Secretary of State has said, that the North
Atlantic Pact is in the spirit of the United Nations Charter and conforms to its
provisions. The North Atlantic Pact is the opposite of the United Nations. It
is the final climax in a series of events which have disunited the original United
Nations. It is clearly a pact for war based on the assumption that peace is
either impossible or undesirable.
We fervently believe that peace — which the overwhelming majority in all
countries earnestly want — is possible. We are convinced that the controversy
between the United States and the U. S. S. R. can be resolved in negotiations for
a peaceful settlement. The pact closes the door on negotiation.
Millions of dollars of American taxpayers' money are to go to the pact's signa-
tories for arms and armies. Less than 4 years after the conclusion of the last
war, the United States evidently is ready to promote a full-fledged international
armaments race. This is the road to war — not peace.
As trade-unionists, we are especially alarmed over policies which put American
economy on a war footing, give our industries a stake in the continuance of the
armaments race, and fill Americans with a fear of peace as bad for business and
harmful to national prosperity. We are convinced that the true road to pros-
perity lies in the development of peacetime industry, designed to meet the mount-
ing needs of consumers. The dread of a depression should be met by forthright
action to protect the living standards of Americans, employed and unemployed.
The North Atlantic Pact is a very serious departure from traditional American
policy. It should not be rushed through to meet a fictitious deadline. We urge
all Americans, regardless of their political differences, to call upon the President,
the Secretary of State, and the Congress to arrange for free and unrestricted
public hearings before, as a Nation, we are committed to a course which many of
us feel is fraught with peril to America and the world.
Arthur Osman, president, local 65, Wholesale and Warehouse Workers
William Michelson, president, local 2, Department Store Workers
Leon J. Davis, president, local 1199, Drug Clerks Union
Al Evanoff", division director, local 65, United Wholesale and Warehouse Workers
Milton Goldman, business agent, local 1199, Drug Clerks Union
Frank Quinn, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
PhiUip Wachtel, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Irving Wodin, administrator, local 2, Department Store Workers
Bernard Eisenberg, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Abe Cohen, garment area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Frank Brown, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Bill Portnoy, employment dispatcher, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Lillian Stephens, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Peter Evanoff, employment dispatcher, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Charles Goldstein, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Peter Baldino, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Joe Tillem, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Sol Molofsky, Fourth Avenue director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Leonard Irsay, headquarters area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
William O'Connor, Long Island area, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Harry Bush, Long Island area, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Max C. Wantman, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Philip Mannheim, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W. j
Ruth Bearman, steward, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
Bernard Tolkow, area director, local 65, U. W. & W. W.
THE COMJVIUNIST "PEACE" 0FFE3SrSIVE 153
Irving Zeldman, recording secretary, local 2155, United Brotherhood of Car-
Edward Schwuchow, financial secretary. Carpenters Local 21, United Brotherhood
of Carpenters, AFL
Alex Klerman, trustee, local 2155, United Brotherhood of Carpenters, AFL
Isidore Rosenberg, manager, joint council 13, United Shoe Workers, CIO
Fileno De Novalis, secretary-treasurer, joint council 13, USW-CIO
Anthony Scimica, coordinator, local 54, USW-CIO
Milton "Schaff, business agent, local 129, USW-CIO
Nick De Maria, business agent, local 60, USW-CIO
Santo Gioia, business agent, USW-CIO
A. Silver, chairman executive board, local 60, USW-CIO
Pat D'Amelio, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO
Leo Sanders, business agent, local 65, USW-CIO
Max Goldstein, business agent, local 65, USW-CIO
Max Honigbaum, chairman, joint council 13, USW-CIO
John Noto, business agent, local 62, USW-CIO
Anthony Rivituso, business agent, local 61, USW-CIO
Ted Tudisco, business agent, local 54, USW-CIO
Steve Alexandersom, president, local 60, USW-CIO
Achille Di Pietro, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO
Nettie Cordaro, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO
Joseph Marino, executive board member, local 60, USW-CIO
H. Tucker, executive board member, local 65, USW-CIO
Ronna Thaler, executive board member, local 65, USW-CIO
Robert A. Lopez, member executive local board 54, USW-CIO
Jack Lowenger, member executive board, local 54, USW-CIO
Arthur Kostove, member joint council 13, USW-CIO
Jack Danihelsky, shop chairman, local 54, USW-CIO
M. Buzzanca, floor chairman, local 54, USW-CIO
B. Guiaurizzo, department chairman, local 54, USW-CIO
Pearl Ehrlich, legislative director, local 54, USW-CIO
Murray Gold, business agent, local 54, USW-CIO
Leo Rabinowitz, business agent, local board, local 54, USW-CIO
Steve Kravath, president, local 54, USW-CIO
Ida Pasner, shop chairman, local 54, USW-CIO
Sol Reinstein, business agent, local 54, USW-CIO
Max Perlow, international secretary-treasurer, United Furniture Workers^ CIO
Ernest Marsh, director of organization, UFW-CIO
J. Anania, president, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Herman Kagan, vice president, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Sol Silverman, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Richard Mazza, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
David Ratushenko, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Joseph Garraffa, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Ernest Capaldo, business agent, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
S. Lederman, member, joint council, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Max Parees, member, joint council, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Philip Lanch, member, joint council, local 76-B, UFW-CIO
Hank Antell, business agent, local 140, UFW-CIO ^
Carl A. Wise, executive board member, local 140, UFW-CIO
Isidore Heimowitz, recording secretary, local 140, UFW-CIO
Frank Wagner, business agent, local 140, UFW-CIO
Alex Sirota, manager, local 140, UFW-CIO
Arnold Birnbach, secretary, civil rights committee, local 140, UFW-CIO
Emil Winick, shop chairman, local 140, UFW-CIO
John Czernowski, shop chairman, local 140, UFW-CIO
Bernard Minter, business agent, local 140, UFW-CIO
Al Di Martino, shop chairman, local 76, UFW-CIO
Louise Trivelli, shop chairman, local 76, UFW-CIO
Helen Bernstein, shop chairman, local 76, UFW-CIO
William F. O'Gorman, business agent. Marine Cooks and Stewards, CIO
C. F. Jonanson, port agent, MCS-CIO
Ben Gold, president. International Fur and Leather Workers Union, CIO
Hyman Richman, manager, local 105, IFL¥/U-CIO
Murray Brown, manager, local 110, IFLWU-CIO
154 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEGSTSIVE
John Demelis, manager, local 70, IFLWU-CIO
Harry Jaflfee, manager, local 120, IFLWU-CIO
Herbert Kurzer, manager, local 125, IFLWU-CIO
Morris Breecher, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Max Bronsnick, assistant manager, local 125, IFLWU-CIO
Julius Fleiss, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Samuel Freedman, legislative dir(*ctor, IFLWU-CIO
Izzy Gru, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Max Kochinsky, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Joseph Morgenstern, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Morris Pinchewsky, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Samuel Resnick, business agenit, IFLWU-CIO
Leon Shlofrock, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Bernard StoUer, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
William Wasserman, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Jack Hindus, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Oscar Ward, welfare director, IFLWU-CIO
Steve Leondopoulos, business agent, IFLWU-CIO
Philip Silber, chairman, local 101, IFLWU-CIO
Abe Potchinskv, chairman, local 110, IFLWU-CIO
John QuiUian, chairman, local 125, IFLWU-CIO
James Stephenson, chairman, local 70, IFLWU-CIO
David Miller, secretary, local 101, IFLWU-CIO
Max Ruskin, secretary, local 105, IFLWU-CIO
Dave Shapiro, acting secretary, local 110, IFLWU-CIO
Sam Burt, manager, joint board, Fur Dressers and Dyers Union, CIO
Gladstone Smith, secretary -treasurer, joint board, Fur Dressers and Dyers
Leon Straus, executive secretary, joint board, Fur Dressers and Dyers Union,
Morris Angel, organizer, local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Cecil Cohen, organizer, local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Max Salzman, organizer, Local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Tom Lloyd, secretary, local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Ervin Wagner, president, local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Sophie Marcus, executive board, local 61, IFLWU-CIO
Morris Gumpel, executive board, local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Al Moses, shop chairman, A-1 Fur Cleaners, local 64, IFLWU-CIO
Jack Ostrower, organizer, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Anthonv Barratta, organizer, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Hannah Bock, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Edward Wharton, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Moe Austin, president, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Leonard I. Webb, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Vincent Castiglione, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Joseph Cacchioli, executive board, local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Wade McMillion, shop committee, Pacific Fur Dyeing Co., local 80, IFLWU-CIO
Tom landiorio, organizer, local 85, IFLWU-CIO'
Armand Norelli, president, local 85, IFLWU-CIO
Lvndon Henry, organizer, local 88, IFLWU-CIO
Jack Arra, organizer, local 88, IFLWU-CIO
Nat Litwack, president, local 88, IFLWU-CIO
Hy Denerstein, administrator, local 16, United Office and Professional Workers,
Sol Revkin, executive board, local 88, IFLWU-CIO
Noel Marsh, shop chairman. Central Striping and Blending Co., local 88, IFLWU-
Peter Miriello, shop chairman, Neisel-Peskin Fur Dyeing Co., local 88, IFLWU-
Sol Friedman, business agent, local 150, IFLWU-CIO
Vincent Provinzano, business agent, local 150, IFLWU-CIO
Morris Cohen, business agent, local 150, IFLWU-CIO
Matt Vincent, president, local 150, IFLWU-CIO
Dave Kaplan, executive board, local 150, IFLWU-CIO
Sam Weinberg, executive board, local 150, IFLWU-CIO
Robert Green, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO
THE COIVIMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 155
Rose Marks, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO
Winifred Norman, organizer, local 16, UOPWA-CIO
Henry Sheridan, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO
Shirley Traub, shop chairman, local 16, UOPWA-CIO
Rissel Bonoff, recording secretary, local 18, UOPWA-CIO
Richard Eveleth, executive board, local 18, UOPWA-CIO
Estelle Levine, vice president, local 18, UOPWA-CIO
Henry Schlanger, executive secretary, local 18, UOPWA-CIO
James Berger, chapter chairman, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Jav Cohen, chapter chairman, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Helen Mangold, president, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Bernard Segal, executive director, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Dorothy Tate, executive board, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Olive Van Horn, vice-president, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Richard Morton, business representative, local 906, UOPWA-CIO
Antonio Lopez, vice-president, Hotel and Club Employees, local 6, AFL
Richard Sirch, business agent, hotel local 6, AFL
Alvah Dean, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Ray Rodriguez, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Sotir Titcas, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Frank Cooper, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Frances Smith, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Florine Donaldson, delegate, hotel local 6, AFL
Rhodena Boyd, delegate, hotel local 6, AFL
William Cafasso, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Joseph Aluffo, executive board, hotel local 6, AFL
Henry Beckman, president, local 3, Bakers and Confectionery Workers Union-AFL
John Curylo, business agent, local 3, Bakers-AFL
Joseph Cappacona, business agent, Bakers-AFL
Louis Altman, business agent, local 164, Bakers-AFL
Jules Meyerowitz, business agent, local 579, Bakers-AFL
Herman Fries, organizer, local, Bakers-AFL
John Kandl, organizer, local 1, Bakers-AFL
Frank Dutto, president, local, Bakers-AFL
Ben Tiedeman, secretary-treasurer, Bakers-AFL
Frank Weinheimer, bussiness agent, local 430, United Electrical Workers-CIO
Moe Portnoy, business agent, UE-CIO
James Patterson, organizer, local 430, UE-CIO
Belle Bailynson, legislative director, local 430, UE-CIO
Harry Haber, shop steward, local 430, UE-CIO
Louise Nyitray, vice shop chairman, local 430, UE-CIO
Rose Barr, shop chairman, local 430, UE-CIO
James Garry, business manager, local 1227, UE-CIO
Joseph F. Kehoe, secretary-treasurer, American Communications Association-CIO
D. R. Panza, vice-president, ACA-CIO
Joseph P. Selly, president, ACA-CIO
Lawrence F. Kelly, vice-president, ACA-CIO
Alfred Doumar, secretary-treasurer, local 40, ACA-CIO
Eugene Sayet, secretary, Atlantic branch local 1, ACA-CIO
William Bender, vice-president, ACA-CIO
John J. Wieners, chairman, local 40, ACA-CIO
Louis Siebenberg, vice-president, local 40, ACA-CIO
I. J. Sobel, treasurer, Atlantic branch, local 1, ACA-CIO
Frank SuUivan, vice-chairman, Atlantic branch, local 1, ACA-CIO
F. W. Gruman, secretary-treasurer, local 10, ACA-CIO
Bert Penman, vice-president, local 11, ACA-CIO
Frank A. Lenahan, secretary-treasurer, local 11, ACA-CIO
Ewart Guinier, secretary-treasurer, United Public Workers-CIO
Manny Sherman, chairman, local 11, UPW-CIO
Mike Copperman, chapter secretary, local 111, UPW-CIO
E. P. Luebke, chapter president, local 111, UPW-CIO
Ann Arnold, legislative chairman, local 111, UPW-CIO
Charles Rutkoff, chapter president, local 111, UPW-CIO
Helene Richards, vice president, chapter local 111, UPW-CIO
Sara Slutsky, executive board member, chapter local 111, UPW-CIO
Max Hammer, division chairman, local 2899, UPW-CIO
156 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENISIVE^
Janet Wolfe, executive board member, local 2899, UPW-CIO
Al Rosenberg, second vice president, local 2899, UPW-CIO
Fanny Langsam, executive board member, local 2899, UPW-CIO
Bert Loeb, local representative, local 2899, UPW-CIO
Stanley Rudbarg, shop chairman, local 2899, UPW-CIO
William Hauptman, treasurer, local 2899, UPW-CIO
Ehzabeth Haber, financial secretary, local 111, UPW-CIO
Sidney Katz, chapter executive board member, local 111, UPW-CIO
Dominick Bartoluzzi, representative New York district, UPW-CIO
Jack Bigel, president. New York district, UPW-CIO
Lewis J. Sklar, vice president, chapter, local 111, UPW-CIO
A. Ginsberg, vice president, chapter, local 111, UPW-CIO
Samuel Garnett, president, local 111, UPW-CIO
Louis Passikoff, chairman, section No. 2, local 338, United Retail & Wholesale
Morris Pitt, executive board member, section No. 2, local 338, UR&WW
Leo Reiter, section chairman, local 338, UR&WW
Hy Friedman, welfare secretary, section 6, local 338, UR&WW
Andrew Leredu, president. International Jewelry Workers, local 1, AFL
David Ehre, vice president, local 1, jewelry-AFL
David Smith, recording secretary, local 1, jewelry-AFL
Isidore Kahn, secretary-treasurer, local 1, jewelry-AFL
Benny Sher, organizer, local 1, jewelry-AFL
Leon Sverdlove, organizer, local 1, jewelry-AFL
Frank Milo, organizer, local 1, jewelry-AFL
Frank Wedl, president, local 848, Brotherhood of Painters & Paperhangers-AFL
Morris Davis, secretary, local 848, painters-AFL
Louis Weinstock, delegate, district council 9, painters-AFL
Ralph French, painters-AFL
Samuel Winn, painters-AFL
M. Botwinick, painters-AFL
William Peace, vice president, local 144, Building Service International Union-
Molly West, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Sidney Pudell, administrator, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Francis Golden, general organizer, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Larry Schnall, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Halois Moorhead, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL
James Anderson, executive board member, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Helen Pivalo, executive board member, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Nicky Carale, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Al Lewis, business agent, local 144, BSIU-AFL
John Steuben, secretary-treasurer, local 144, BSIU-AFL
Arnold Ames, executive secretary. Ladies Garment Center-ALP
Fanny Golos, vice president, Ladies Garment Center-ALP
Morris Garfin, treasurer, LGC-ALP
Abraham Skolnick, president, LGC-ALP
Aberlardo Baez, general secretary, local 273, Food, Tobacco, Agricultural Union-
Felix Rivera, executive board member, local 273, FTA-CIO
Severino Martinez, assistant regional director, FTA-CIO
Hyman Levine, recording secretary. Sheet Metal Workers Sick & Benevolent
Association, Inc., local union No. 28, AFL
Alcott L. Tyler, business manager, local 121, United Chemical Workers-CIO
Daniel Allen, trade union director, ALP
(This advertisement initiated and paid for by voluntary contributions from
among the above signators as individuals. Title and affiliation listed for identi-
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSIVE 157
Call to a National Labor Conference for Peace, Chicago, III., October
1 AND 2, 1949, Carmen's Hall, Ashland Auditorium
Honorary chairman: Bernard V. McGroarty, Stereotypers, AFL
Chairman: Samuel Curry, Packinghouse No. 347
Executive secretary: James H. Wishart, I. F. L. W. U.-CIO
Treasurer: Ossie Long, Dining Car and Railroad Food Workers, Independent
Publicity chairman: Rod Holmgren, I. U. M. M. & S. W.-CIO
Mass-meeting chairman: James Pinta, I. U. M. M. & S. W.-CIO
Coordinator: Joseph D. Persily
Illinois organizer: John T. Bernard, U. E.-CIO
Illinois organizer: Sven Anderson, U. A. W.-CIO
Office manager: June R. Shaw, U. O. P. W. A.-CIO
Octavia Hawkins, UAW-CIO No. 453 Bill Jackson, I. U. M. IM. & S. W.-CIO
Pat Amato, UE-CIO No. 1150 Gene Barile, Shoe Workers
Willard Best, FE-CIO Givn F. Brooks, Railroad, AFL
Jacob Blake, Jr., USA-CIO Tom Slater, Carpenters No. 1, AFL
Max Friend, ILGWU-AFL
Veronica Kryzan, FTA-CIO
John Allard, president, local 230, UAW-CIO
James T. Allen, financial secretary, local 634, Carpenters, AFL
William Axelrod, executive secretary, Newsvenders
diet Baker, patrolman, Marine Cooks, Stewards, CIO
Thomas Bankhead, chairman, legislative committee, local 634, Carpenters, AFL
James Daugherty, president, State CIO Council
Fred Friedman, political committee, local 116, Painters, AFL
Howard Garvin, editorial board of the Union Painter, local 116, AFL
Charles Gladstone, ILGW, AFL
Frank Green, business agent, local 115, Watchmakers, AFL
Fred Hancock, local 116, Painters, AFL
Frank Hearn, business agent, local 26, ILWU-CIO
Dennis Hooper, port agent, Alarine Cooks, Stewards, CIO
John Leboun, division 664, Locomotive Engineers, San Luis Obispo
Lester J. McCormick, business representative, local 634, Carpenters Union, AFL
Charles F. MclVIurray, representative, Dining Car & Railroad Food Workers,
Henry Richardson, trustee, Painters, AFL
Henry Sazer, local 22, Capmakers, AFL
Lloyd Seeliger, business agent, local 26, ILWU-CIO
Lou Sherman, president, local 26, ILWU-CIO
Sophie Silver, joint board, ILGWU-AFL
Sam Sperling, local 1976, Carpenters, AFL
Del Tucker, president, local 1421, UE-CIO
Sam Willens, ILGWU, AFL
Sol Zeleznick, president, local 1348, Painters, AFL
Charles Didsbury, president, local 620, Mine-Mill, CIO
Frank Giaralli, president, local 237, UE-CIO
Edward Gilden, legislative director, local 503, ITU
Rudolph Gillespie, local 146, Hod Carriers, AFL
Saul Kreas, business agent, local 186, Printers, AFL
Thomas Koury, vice president, local 423, Mine-Mill, CIO
Philip Laracca, financial secretary, local 146, Hod Carriers, AFL
John Ropuano, president, local 445, Mine-Mill, CIO
Saul Weissman, president, local 364, Cleaners & Dyers, CIO
158 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Pat Amato, president, local 1150, UE-CIO
Abraham Arnstein, executive board, local 14, Cigarmakers, AFL
Solon C. Bell, president, Dining Car & Railroad Food Workers, Independent.
Willard Best, recording secretary, local 108. FE-CIO
Nick Blattner, business agent, local 18-B, Furniture, CIO
Glyn F. Brooks, president, local 666, Railway Carmen
Geo. Carlson, local 637, Painters, AFL
Samuel Currv, president, local 347, Packinghouse, CIO
Geraldine Dvorak, president, local 24, UOPWA-CIO
HiUiard Ellis, organizer, local 453, UAW-CIO
Carl Erickson, president, local 637, Painters, AFL
Max Friend, executive board, local 212, ILGWU-AFL
Milton Gilmore, president, local 23, Packinghouse, CIO
B. V. Gleason, lodge 474, BRT
Carl Gustrom, treasurer, local 637, Painters, AFL
Chris Gyker, legislative director, local 164, FE-CIO
Matt Halas, president, local 108, FE-CIO
Bill Jackson, vice president, local 758, Mine-Mill, CIO
Clifford Johnson, business representative, local 49, Fur & Leather, CIO
Helge Johnson, vice president, local 637, Painters, AFL
Terry Kandal, district committeeman, local 719, UAW-CIO
Michael Karpa, president, local 1119, UE-CIO
William King, executive board, local 4, Printers, AFL
Irving Krane, business manager, local 1150, UE-CIO
Veronica Kryzan, secretarv-treasurer, local 194, FTA-CIO
Bernard Lucas, president, "local 208, ILWU-CIO
Frank Mierkiewicz, business representative, local 43, Fur & Leather, CIO
Bernard McDonough, business manager, local 1119, UE-CIO
Arthur Peterson, recording secretary, local 101, FE-CIO
Bernard Rappaport, shop chairman, local 5, ILGWU-AFL
Edward Romanowski, sergeant at arms, local 347, Packinghouse, CIO
WiUiam Samuels, president, lodge 225, BRT
Jack Sauther, president, local 25, Packinghouse, CIO
Sam Schaps, president, local 45, Fur & Leather, CIO
Goldie Shapiro, chairman, education committee, local 2, Public Workers, CIO
Tom Slater, secretary-treasurer, local 1, Carpenters, AFL
Ben Sloan, executive board, local 14, Cigarmakers, AFL
Pasco Soso, president, local 1114, UE-CIO
Max Strulovich, steward, local 28, Packinghouse, CIO
Arthur C. Thomas, lodge 342, Railway Clerks, AFL
Alvin L. Vessey, local 101, FE-CIO
John M. Volz, president, local 169, FE-CIO
Harold Ward, financial secretary, local 108, FE-CIO
John Wesolowski, business representative, local 415, Fur and Leather, CIO
Charles Wilson, steward, local 719, UAW-CIO
Jacob Blake, Jr., trustee, local 1014, USA-CIO
Harold M. Boyer, steward, local 9, UAW-CIO
Joe Gyurko, grievance committee, local 1010, USA-CIO
Chris L. Mails, shop steward, local 1014, USA-CIO
Julius Rems, steward, local 9, UAW-CIO
Ed, Wygant, steward, local 9, UAW-CIO
J. S. Lindsey, financial secretary, local 704, I AM
Mervin L. Myers, business agent, local 110, FTA-CIO
Arthur Petrusch, president, local 116, FE-CIO
David A. Reed, president, local 155, FE-CIO
Wm. R. Smith, local 116, FE-CIO
Mary Testraet, president, local 271, FE-CIO
Mark Thompson, local 118, ITU
Walter Rogers, local 406, Operating Engineers, AFL
THE C'OMIVIUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 159
Irv Dvorin, port agent, Marine Cooks and Stewards, CIO
Sam Fox, chief shop steward, local 75, Furniture Workers, CIO
James Mosley, secretary, local 219, Fur and Leather, CIO
Joseph Oliver, president, local 219, Fur and Leather, CIO
Robenia Anthony, local 484, Teachers Union, AFL
George Bradow, manager, local 30, Fur and Leather, CIO
Alexander Cocoburn, president, local 201, Retired Employees, UE-CIO
Alphonse Croce, board of directors, Shoe Lasters
Paul R. Emerson, local 218, Carpenters, AFL
Bartley Harriett, business agent, local 11, Packinghouse, CIO
Helen S. Johnson, treasurer, local 3, UOPWA-CIO
Carol T. Levy, president, local 3, UOPWA-CIO
Harold Lewengrus, shop steward, local 181, Amalgamated Clothing Workers,
Robert McCarthy, business agent, local 136-B, Furniture Workers, CIO
Geo. Roe, recording secretary, local 239, UE-CIO
Salvatore Vaudo, executive board, local 11, Packinghouse, CIO
Paul Boatin, bargaining committee, local 600, UAW-CIO
Phillip Carroll, tool-room steward, local 157, UAW-CIO
Ed. Chabot, legislative committee, local 931, UE-CIO
James Cichocki, president, local 742, UAW-CIO
Tom Coleman, president, local 285, Public Workers, CIO
Thomas Crowe, bargaining committee, local 2340, USA-CIO
Tracv Doll, Detroit
Virgil Lacey, local 600, UAW-CIO
Percy Llewellvn, local 600, UAW-CI01
Ed Lock, president, plastic unit, local 600, UAW-CIO
Andrew Poach, vice president, CIO Council, Oakland County.
Warren F. Powers, secretary-treasurer, local 26, UOPWA-CIO
John Reynolds, president, local 208, UAW-CIO
Samuel Sage, Detroit
Edith Van Horn, chief steward, local 3, UAW-CIO
Leo West, chairman legislative committee, local 931, UE-CIO
Fred Williams, business agent, local 208, UAW-CIO
John H. Young, president, local 922, UAW-CIO
George Dizard, business agent, Federal local 18650, AFL
Leo Giovannini, local 1140, UE-CIO
John L. Johnson, local 2714, USA-CIO
Pat McGraw, secretary, local 1096, USA-CIO
Joe Paszak, secretary, local 1210, USA-CIO
Cornelius Smith, local 7, Carpenters, AFL
Walter J. Szlachtowski, local 1140, UE-CIO
Loyal Hammack, secretary, general grievance committee, lodge 696, BRT
Walter Held, president, local 820, UE-CIO
Geo. Kimmel, president, Mine-Mill, CIO
Wm. Massingale, president, Building Service Employees
James L. Moore, local 41, lAM
E. M. Simmons, local 1108, AFL
Florence Coppock, steward, local 60, Packinghouse, CIO
Joe Dozier, local 113, Packinghouse, CIO
Wm. O. Hester, local 47, Packinghouse, CIO
Geo. Patrinor, financial secretary-treasurer, local 62, Packinghouse, CIO
Wm. Stone, Hod Carriers, AFL
Harold Macey, chapel chairman, local 25, ITU
John S. Yarmo, steward, local 136B, Furniture, CIO
160 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Mike Berko, chief steward, local 365, Mine-Mill, CIO
Wm. Betzel, president, local 437, UE-CIO
Santo Bevacqua, president, local 140, Fur Workers, CIO
Clarence Bingaman, president, local 810, UE-CIO
Ethel Carpenter, local 429, UE-CIO
Robert Brennan, president, local 401, UE-CIO
Munzio Calise, president, local 130, Fur Workers, CIO.
Anthony J. Cascone, picket captain, singer local 403, UE-CIO
John Dillon, vice president, local 448, UE-CIO
Joseph Evans, financial secretary, local 422, UE-CIO
Wm. Ewaskiw, shop chairman, local 407, UE-CIO
Bernard Porer, corresponding secretary, local 437, Federation of Teachers, AFL
Andrew Garner, president, local 286, Packinghouse, CIO
Dominick San Giovanni, president, local 20, Chemical Workers, CIO
Helen Gottlieb, president, local 11, UOPWA-CIO
Agnolia Holland, vice president, local 424, UE-CIO
Phillip H. Israel, financial secretary, local 1782, Carpenters, AFL
Anthony Lisano, president, local 409, UE-CIO
Mike Longi, chief steward, local 702, Mine-Mill, CIO
John McCarthy, president, local 429, UE-CIO
Arnold McGee, president, local 231, Packinghouse, CIO
George Palmer, recording secretarv, local 446, UE-CIO
Richard J. Ryan, Jr., ITU, AFL
Bert Salwen, chief steward, local 7, UOPWA-CIO
John Shein, chief steward, local 837, Mine-Mill, CIO
Morris Slater, secretary-treasurer, local 451, UE-CIO
Guida Trombetta, president, local 7, UOPWA-CIO
Ed. Scocco, president, local 141, UE-CIO
Walter Speicher, recording secretary, local 407, UE-CIO
Edward Taylor, president, local 506, district 50, UMWA
James Williams, local 27, Leather Workers, CIO
Arturo Flores, recording secretary, local 890, Mine-Mill, CIO
Jose M. Hernandez, shop steward, local 890, Mine-Mill, CIO
Henry Jaiamillo, trustee, local 890, Mine-MiU, CIO
Clinton E. Jencks, executive secretary, local 890, Mine-Mill, CIO
D. C. Law, local chairman, lodge 221, BRT-AFL
Louis Altman, business agent, local 164, Bakers Union, AFL
Morris Angel, organizer, local 64, Fur Workers, CIO
Norma Aronson, president, local 16, UOPWA-CIO
Henry Beckman, president, local 3, Bakers Union, AFL
Daniel Benjamin, vice president. Dining Car & Railroad Food Workers, IND
Lewis Allen Berne, president, local 231, Architects Union, CIO
Russell Bonoff, recording secretary, local 18, UOPWA-CIO
Joe Cappodonna, business agent, local 3, Bakers Union, AFL
Vincent Castiglione, president, local 80, Fur & Leather, CIO
Jack Curylo, business agent, local 3, Bakers Union, AFL
Leon Davis, president, local 1199, Drug Clerks Union, CIO
Frank Duto, president, local 1, Bakers Union, AFL
Morris Gainer, president, local 905, Painters, AFL
Louis Greenstein, president, local 164, Bakers Union, AFL
Lyndon Henry, organizer, local 88, Fur & Leather, CIO
Mike Hudyma, manager, local 85, Fur & Leather, CIO
Andrew Leredu, president, local 1, Jewelry Workers, AFL
David Livingstone, vice president, local 65, Wholesale & Warehouse
Helen S. Mangold, president, local 19, UOPWA-CIO
Ruby Marcus, business agent, local 107, Paper Bags & Novelty, AFL
W^illiam Michaelson, president, local 2, Department Store, CIO
Richard Morton, business representative, local 906, UOPWA-CIO
Annan Norelli, president, local 85, Fur & Leather, CIO
Jack Ostrower, organizer, local 80, Fur & Leather, CIO
Frank Princysati, president, local 88, Fur & Leather, CIO
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 16t
Charles Rivers, executive secretary, district 3, UE-CIO
Tonv Scimica, local 54, Shoe Workers, CIO
Philip Sterling, executive board, local 50, UOPWA-CIO
Ben Tiedeman, secretary-treasurer, local 1, Bakers Union, AFL
Alcott Tyler, business manager, local 121, Chemical Workers, IND
Leo Velardi, president, local 121, Chemical Workers, IND
Matt Vincent, president, local 150, Mechanics Union
Ervin Wagner, president, local 64, Fur & Leather, CIO
Maurice Wechsler, local 701, Mine-Mill, CIO
Frank Wedl, president, local 848, Painters, AFL
J. M. Glaser, member of AFL union
Ray E. Bailes, secretarv-treasurer, lodge 108, Order of Railroad Conductors
Robert E. Lee Baltimore, steward, local 1157, USA-CIO
Charles Beckman, president, local 45, UAW-CIO
Charles Butler, local 1331, USA-CIO
Clinton Carlton, president, MuUins Works, local USA-CIO
Joseph Carr, pit committeeman, local 4285, UMWA
Myles H. Cartwright, local 63, ITU-AFL
Wm. W. Chapman, shop chairman, local 12, UAW-CIO
Oscar Dennis, president, local 735, Mine Mill, CIO
John W. Fields, secretarv, local 7765, UMWA
Stanlev Fonfa, local 1418, USA-CIO
H. C. Glover, lodge 2100, Railwav Clerks
Elmer Grandstaff, local 1331, USA-CIO
R. D. Grathwol, corresponding secretary, local 473, Painters, AFL
Josephine Hansen, president, local 209, ILWU-CIO
Rav Horrigan, member of Railroad Industrial Union
Aileen Kelley, president, local 87, UOPWA-CIO
Herman Carl Kopper, committeeman, local 185, USA-CIO
Wm. Long, lodge 26, Railway Carmen
Geo. E. Lyons, local 5, Rubber Workers, CIO
Florence Romig, chief shop steward, local 707, UE-CIO
Joseph Ross, secretarv, local 641, Blacksmiths Union, AFL
Frank Sicha, local 284, UMWA
Flora Wall, steward, local 323, Clothing Workers, CIO
Chas. C. Auburn, president, local 155, UE-CIO
Miriam E. Cliff, local 638, FTA-CIO
Willis Collins, local 1256, USA-CIO
Thos. F. Delaney, secretary. District Council 1, UE-CIO
Frank Di Vincinzo, business agent, local 30, Fur & Leather, CIO
Ed. Drill, secretary, local 587, Painters, AFL
Vincent Fitzgerald, recording secretary, lodge 462, Locomotive Firemen and
Tom Fitzpatrick, chief steward, local 601, UE-CIO
Ike Freedman, business manager, local 53, Fur & Leather, CIO
Marc Gzylburd, recording secretary, local 155, UE-CIO
John Gillespie, chief grievance committeeman, local 2295, USA-CIO
E. Incolingo, business agent, local 30, Fur & Leather, CIO
Robert Kirkwood, business agent, local 610, UE-CIO
David Lachenbruch, chairman, local 16, Newspaper Guild
Jack Law, president, local 416, Paper & Novelty Workers, CIO
Nick Lazeri, business agent, local 237, Restaurant Workers, AFL
Stanley L. Loney,- president, District 6, UE-CIO
Joseph McLaughlin, business agent, Shoe Workers, CIO
Maurice Mersky, president, local 30, Fur & Leather, CIO
George Nichols, labor manager, local 237, Hotel, Restaurant Workers, AFL
John Pacosky, president, local 1514, UMWA
James Pasquay, Secretarv-treasurer, local 30, Fur and Leather, CIO.
Warren Perry, shop steward, local 2599, USA-CIO
Jos. A. Picucci, committeeman, local 2598, USA-CIO
Joseph A. Ruccio, business representative and secretary, local 46, Roofers, AFL
162 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSIVE
Stephany Ruccio, shop secretary, local 119, Clothing Workers, CIO
Anthony Salopek. local 1256, USA-CIO
Mitchell W. Schaffer, steward, local 2600, USA-CIO
Joseph L. Schatz, president, local 2, UOPWA-CIO
Jacob Smith, shop steward, local 773, Teamsters, AFIj
Sara E. Smith, vice president, local 128, UE-CIO
Albert Sonka, shop steward, local 2599, USA-CIO
E. E. Sudan, local 123, Barbers Union, AFL
Henderson Davis, chief shop steward, local 19, FTA-CIO
John Mack Dyson, president, local 19, FTA-CIO
Ed McCrea, business agent, local 19, FTA-CIO
Isaac J. Baker, vice president, local 26, FTA-CIO
David Clark, president, local 978, ILWU-CIO
Lawrence McGurty, organizer, local 26, FTA-CIO
Robbie W. Riddick, president, local 26, FTA-CIO
Robert Berberich, treasurer, lodge 191, BRT
Emil Churchich, head steward, local 75, UAW-CIO
Clarence Dickerson, vice president, local 802, Public Workers, CIO
George M. Hayden, Bargaining Committee, local 1109, UE-CIO
Clarence E. Hughes, local 19, Rubber Workers, CIO
William Lockett, executive board, Federal local 18499, AFL
Arvo Mattson, president, local 237, Hod Carriers, AFL
Robert C. Miller, Sentinel Lodge 1916, Machinists.
Emil Muelver. president, local 1113, UE-CIO
Oliver Rasmussen, president, local 15, Woodworkers, CIO
George L. Sommers, Brewery Workers, CIO
Fred WoUman, president, local 47, Fur and Leather, CIO
Myrna Anderson, president, local 35, UOPWA-CIO
O. L. Dearinger, business agent, local 9, ILWU-CIO
A. A. Fisher, secretary, State CIO Council
A. Joe Harris, port agent. Marine, Cook and Stewards, CIO
Harold Johnson, Machinist Lodge 79, lAM-AFL
Prudencio Mori, secretary, local 7, FTA-CIO
Elmer Olsen, business agent, local 25, Mine-Mill, CIO
Jerry Tyler, secretary, Seattle CIO Council
(Organizations listed for purposes of identification only.)
BASIS FOR REPRESENTATION
Five for each local union ; one additional for each thousand members. Delegates
from shops, buildings and departments shall also be elected. Registration fee
(to cover expenses of conference): Delegate, $2; observer, $2.
FACTS ON CONFERENCE
Registration of delegates: Friday, September 30, 8 to 12 p. m., and Saturday,
October 1, 9 to 11 a. m., at Carmen's Hall, Ashland and Van Buren, where all
sessions will take place.
Sessions: Saturday, 11 a. m. to 6:30 p. m.; Sunday, 10 a, m. to 4 p. m.
Mass meeting and program Saturday night at 8 p. m.
A copy of the draft agenda and featured speakers at the conference will be
mailed on request and to all delegates and observers who register by mail.
Write to arrangements committee bureau on housing. Please specify approxi-
mate rate you wish to pay and number of nights for accommodations.
Address all communications and requests for additional copies of Call to:
National Labor Conference for Peace, Secretary, Arrangements Committee.
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE, 163
(Advance registration blanlc)
Secretary, Arrangements Committee,
National Labor Conference for Peace,
Suite 905, 179 West Washington Street, Chicago S, III.
Dear Sir and Brother: I shall attend the Labor Conference for Peace
(Chicago, 111., October 1 and 2), as a —
Address City State
Local No International Union
(Your organization should forward the names of all its delegates to us not later
than September 24, 1949).
(Additional delegates, names, and addresses should be written on another sheet.)
[From the Daily Worker, New York, Monday, December 19, 1949, p. 5]
Conference for Peace Called by Ohio Unionists
An Ohio Labor Conference for Peace, sponsored by a large number of AFL,
CIO, and independent union officials, will be held at the Hotel AUerton in Cleve-
land January 28 and 29, it is announced.
The conference will seek to "unite the laboring men and women in Ohio to
battle for peace and security, for a return to the policies of FDR," the conference
call declared. "It will give expression to their determination to prevent a suicidal
atomic war of annihilation. It will mark a major step toward the assumption by
labor of its rightful place in the leadership of the fight on which our entire future
The Ohio parley follows a National Labor Conference for Peace held in Chicago
October 1 and 2.
The Cleveland Labor Committee for Peace, with headquarters at 5713 Euclid
Avenue, is in charge of arrangements for the conference. Its officers are Bernard
V. IVIcGroarty, AFL Stereotypers, honorary chairman; Joseph A. Ross, FLB Black-
smiths, chairman; Robert E. Lee, Baltimore, CIO Steelworkers, secretary; and
Leroy Feagler, CIO Longshoremen and Warehousemen, treasurer.
The conference will start Saturday morning, January 28. Sessions will con-
tinue Saturday afternoon and Sunday.
A partial list of sponsors includes:
Sylvester Banks, USA local steward; Charles W. Barkley, USA Local 1157
steward; Netta Berman, CIO United Office Workers Local 242 president; D. A.
Bowers, United Miners Local 6223 safety committeeman;
Also, John Bozeman, United Electrical Local 707 acting membership director;
Local 4285 committeeman; William Chapman, CIO United Auto Workers Local
12 shop chairman; Carl Chauncey, UE Local 735 shop chairman; Hugh Chesney,
NMW Local 51 safety committeeman; Wallace Combs, UE Local 754 vice presi-
dent; Leola Cooke, CIO Clothing Wx)rkers steward;
Also, Hugh Crocard, AFL Potters Local 24 committeeman; Roscoe James
Dawson, AFL Hodcarriers Local 265 business agent; Thomas Degnan, UE
Local 735 treasurer; Oscar Dennis, CIO Mine-Mill Local 735 president; Joseph
Dougher, USA Local 1104 executive board; Fred D. Eaves, CIO United Retail
Workers Local 2 district representative; Sam Easley, URWA Local 2;
Also Jake Epstein, UE Local 721 political action director; Leo Fenster, CIO
UWA Local 45 executive board; R. FeoHch, USA Local 1200 steward; John
Fields, UMW Local 7765 recording secretary; Mike Firestone, UE Local 732;
Frument, UWA-CIO Local 45 committeeman; Roy Roy [sic] Gant, MMSW Local
785 vice president;
Also, Irving Gilbert, UAW-CIO Local 1045 trustee; Morris Goldstein,
IFLWU-CIO Local 86 secretary; Hyman Gordon, AFL Carpenters Local 1715;
Betty Grandstaff, International Machinists Local 224; E. R. Grandstaff, USA
164 THE COOVEVrUNIIST "PEACE" OFFEOSTSIVE
Local 1331; Robert Grant, USA Local 1104; R. J. Grathwol, AFL Painters
Local 473 recording secretary;
Also, Morris Greenbaum, IFLWU-CIO Local 86 vice president; Elvi Hakola,
UE Local 707 chief steward; Josephine Hansen, IFLWU-CIO Local 209 financial
secretary; Virginia Hippie, UE Local 754 recording secretary; Rose Joca, UE
Local 707 chief steward; Joseph Keller, IFLWU-CIO Local 86 business manager;
Eileen Kelly, UOPWA Local 87 president; William Kozman, UE Local 758
Also, William Livingstone, Maymex McCurdy, UOPWA Local 87 chair-
man; Lee Workers Local 47 business agent; John Mugnana, IFLWU-CIO
Local 86 president; Louise Napolitano, UE Local 707 chief steward; John Norris,
MMSW Local 785 president; John G. Parker, UE Local 766 president; Frank
Peoples, USA Local 1104 steward; John Perry, UAW-CIO Local 542 trustee;
T. Raley, UE Local 766 representative;
Also, Olga Raridon, IFLWU-CIO Local 86 treasurer; Steve Rees, UE Local
735 shop chairman; national Ladies Garment Workers Local 29 vice president;
Joseph Sheetz, UE Local 758 president, steward.
[From Poland Today, January 1951, vol. 6, No. 1, p. 18.]
World Peace Council
members elected at second world peace congress
Albania: Konomi Manol, President of the Institute of Science.
Algeria: Abderhama Bouhama, architect.
Argentina: Margharita de Ponce, teacher; Emilio Garcia Ituraspe, lawyer; Dr.
Luiz Peluffo, physician.
Australia: Mrs. Jessie Street, member of the Australian Peace Council; Jim
Healy, secretary-general of the Dockers Union; John Hughes, secretary of the
Austria: Ernst Fischer, writer; Prof. Joseph Dobretsberger, university teacher;
Prof. Heinrich Brandweiner, university teacher.
Belgium: Prof. Max Cosyns, physicist.
Brazil: Mario Fabio, scientist; Branca Fiahlo, teacher; Jorge Amado, writer;
Palamode Borsari, engineer.
Bulgaria: Ludmil Stoianov, academician; M. Popov, teacher.
Canada: Rev. J. C. Endicott, professor of theology; Arthur Wray, member of
parliament from Alberta.
Ceylon: Pieter Keuneman, president of the Federation of Unions.
Chile: Pablo Neruda, writer; Guilhermo de Fedregal, former government
China: Kuo Mo-jo, president of the Academia Sinica; Madam Sun Yat-sen,
president of the Association of Aid to the Chinese People; Ma Yin-chu, university
president; Liu Ning-i, vice-president of the Chinese Trade Unions; Emil Siao,
poet; Li Teh-chuan, vice-president of the Federation of Democratic Women;
Chang Po-chun, secretary general of the Chinese Democratic League; Tsai Ting-
gai, former army general; Liao Cheng-chih, president of the Federation of Demo-
cratic Youth; Wu Lanfu member of the Chinese Peace Committee; Y. T. Wu,
member the Union of Chinese Christian Youth.
Colombia: Baldomero Sanin Cano, writer; Graziela Mendoza, journalist.
Costa Rica: Joaquin Garcia Monge, university teacher.
Cuba: Juan Marinello', writer and former government minister; Domingo Vil-
lamil, lawyer and professor of theology; Prof. Elias Entralgo, university teacher.
Czechoslovakia: Anezka Hodinova-Spurna, Vice-president of the National As-
sembly of Czechoslovakia; Jan Mukarovski, President of Prague university; Rev.
Alexiei Horak; V. Boucek, worker at "Skoda" Works.
Denmark: Martin Anderson Nexo, writer; M. Fog, teacher and former govern-
Ecuador: Angel Modesto Paredes, lawyer and former government minister.
Egypt: Mohamed Kamel El Bindari, former envoy; Fathi Radwan, president
of the Supreme Council of the Nationalist Party; Ahmed Saad El Deur Kamel,
THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE 165
Finland: Vaino Melti, governor of Helsinki province; Hagar Olsson, writer;
Felix Iverson, teacher.
France: Frederic Joliot-Curie, scientist; Irene Joliot-Curie, scientist; Eugenie
Cotton, teacher and president of the World Federation of Democratic Women;
Pablo Picasso, painter; Louis Aragon, writer; Vercors, writer; Louis Saillant, trade
union leader; Pierre Cot, lawyer and former cabinet minister; Emmanuel d'Astier
de la Vigerie, form.er cabinet minister; Abbe Jean Soulier; Alain le Leap, secretary-
general of the General Confederation of Labor; Francoise Leclerc, secretary of
the Union of French Women; Laurent Casanova, former cabinet minister; Jean
Lafitte, writer; Guy de Boysson, lawyer and chairman of the World Federation
of Democratic Youth; Gilbert de Chambrun, deputy; Dr. Weill Hallee, physician;
Armand Mitterand, lawyer; Robert Chambeiron, deputy; Fernand Vigne, secre-
tary-general of the Fighters for Peace and Liberty; Dr. Justin Godard, physician
and former cabinet minister; Yves Farge, former cabinet minister; Rev. Bosc;
Madame Cassin, teacher; Dr. J. P. May; Marcel Alleman, miner; Paul Raudit,
Germany: Johannes Becher, writer; Prof. Hans Kertal, member of German
Academy of Science; Erwin Eckert, Landtag deputy and chairman of the Peace
Committee in Western Germany; Walter Diehl, student of theology and chairman
of Young Peace Defenders Committee in Western Germany; Heinrich Fink
secretary of Longshoremen's Union in Hamburg; Edith Hoereth-Menge, teacher
and member of Munich City Council; Anna Seghers, writer; Arnold Zweig, writer;
Helen Weigel-Brecht, actress; Dr. Herz de Peipsig, professor of theology.
Great Britain: Prof. J. G. Crowther, scientist; Prof. J. D. Bcrnal, scientist;
Mrs. S. O. Davies; D. N. Pritt, lawyer; J. Piatt-Mills, lawyer; Steve Lawther,
miner; Dr. C. R. Woodward, physician; Rev. Alexander Reid, chairman of Scottish
Peace Committee; Anne George, civil servant; Mrs. J. Sandy, engineer; Dr. Nora
Johns, physician; Mrs. Mary Robertson, secretary of Scottish Peace Committee;
Malcolm Nixon, student; Ivor Montagu, journalist; Rev. Hewlett Johnson, Dean
Greece: Prof. Kokkalis, former government minister.
Hungary: Mrs. Ezsebet Andics, university teacher; Rt. Rev. Janos Pjeter,
Bishopof the Reformist Church; Gyergy Lucacs, writer.
. India: Dr. Mohanlal Atal, physician; D. D. Kosambi, teacher,
Indonesia: Dr. Tjoa Sik Yen, former Indonesian representative at UN.
Iran: Rahar, poet and university teacher; Eskanderi, lawyer.
Iraq: Mohamed Mehdi Al Jewhari, poet.
Israel: Yaari Meir, deputy; Toofik Toobi, deputy; Bar Yehuda, deputy.
Italy: Pietro Nenni, senator; Emilio Sereni, senator; Rev. Andrea Gaggero;
Prof. Ambroggio Donini, former Italian Ambassador to Warsaw; Umberto
Terracini, senator; Arturo Labriola, senator; Giovanni Conti, senator; Willi
Ferrero, conductor; Lodovico Targetti, deputy; Ada Alessandrini, teacher;
Francesco Cerabona, deputy and former government minister; Elena Caporaso,
lawyer; Giuseppe Dozza, Mayor of Bologna; Giulio Einaudi, publisher; Giorgio
Fenoaltea, lawyer; Achille Lordi, lawyer; Prof. Marcello Morellini, university
teacher; Mario Palermo, senator; Salvatore Quasimodo, writer; Leonida Repaci,
writer; Francesco Scotti, deputy; Fernando Santi, deputy and secretary of the
General Confederation of Labor; Antonio Varvado, lawyer; Tullio Vecchietti,
Sociahst leader; Conte Paolo Sella di Monteluco, industrialist.
Japan: Okuo Oyama, member of the Chamber of Councillors.
Korea: Han Ser Ya, writer, chairman of the Journalists Union; Li Gi Yen,
writer; Madame Pak Den Ai, chairman of the Union of Korean Democratic
Lebanon: Dr. George Hanna, physician; Radvan Shagal, artist; Antoine
Madagascar: Madame Rascanorazelle, deputy.
Mexico: Gen. Lazaro Cardenas, former President of the Republic; Vicente
Lombardo Toledano, President of the Confederation of Labor of Latin America;
Ismael Cosio Villogas, scientist; Gen. Heriberto Jara, former Minister of the Navy.
Mongolia: Tsendin Damdisyryn, writer.
Netherlands: Mr. Horsmeier.
New Zealand: Dean G. W. Chandler.
Norway: Kirsten Hansteen, editor; Herman Tennessen, director of Research
Institute of Oslo University; Ellen Gleditch, teacher.
Pakistan: Faiz Ahmed Faiz, secretary of Pakistan Peace Committee.
166 THE COMMUNIST "PEACE" OFFENSIVE
Poland: Prof. Jan Dembowski, university teacher; Prof. Leopold Inf eld,
university teacher; Ostap Dluski, journalist; Wiktor Klosiewicz, chairman of the
Central Council of Trade Unions; Leon Kruczkowski, writer; Jerzy Putrament,
Portugal: Manuel Valladares, scientist.
Rumania: Mihail Sadoveanu, writer; Prof. Florica Mezincescu, Vice Minister
of Education; Sorin Jama, newspaper editor.
South Africa: Desmond Buckle; Rev. D. C. Thompson.
Spain: Jose Giral, former Government minister of the Spanish Republic;
Manuel Sanchez Argas, architect; Jose Bergamin, writer.
Sweden: Arthur Lundquist, writer; Rev. Sven Hector; Peer Olaf Zemmestroem,
Switzerland: Prof. Bonnard.
Syria: Ibrahim Hamzaoui, lawyer; Said Tahsin, painter; Mustapha Amin,
Trieste: Franca Angelo, journalist.
Tunisia: Dr. Ben Suleiman, physician; Mohamed Dierad, journalist.
U. S. S. R. : Alexander Fadeyev, writer; Nicolai Tikhonov, writer; Alexander
Korneichuk, playwright; Wanda Wasilewska, writer; Ilya Ehrenburg, writer;
Zinaida Gagarina, Vice President of the Anti-Fascist Women's Committee;
Alexander Oparin, academician; Alexander Nesmeyanov, President of Moscow
University; Leonid Solovyev, secretary of the All-Union Central Council of
Trade Unions; P. V. Gulyaev, journalist; V. Kochemassov, secretary of Anti-
Fascist Youth Committee; Metropolitan Nicolai.
United States: Prof. W. E. B. DuBois, sociologist; Paul Robeson, singer;
Howard Fast, writer; Bishop Arthur Moulton; Joseph Fletcher, professor at
School of Theology at Harvard University; Charles Howard, lawyer; Rev. Dr.
Willard Uphaus, Director of the Religion and Labor Foundation; Theresa Robin-
son; Mr. Larsen, trade unionist; Fred Stover, President of Farmers Union of the
State of Iowa; Ernest de Maio, trade unionist; Dr. Clementina Paolone, phy-
sician; Rev. John Darr; Rev. Robert Muir.
Uruguay: Jose Luiz Massera, scientist.
Venezuela: Gen. Jose Maria Gabaldon,
Vietnam: Tran Tan; Nguyon Phuc-Bunhoi, scientist; Phan Huy-thong, teacher.
Yugoslavia: Gen. Pero Popivoda.
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