(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Report on the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, a communist lobby"

rF 



t 



oQ^.V ^J^^l^ .b 




"Bi 



Given By 



(J^AjyujA^^A^yUA 





REPORT ON 



THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE 
TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 



A Communist Lobby 




DECEMBER 7. 1950 



Prepared and released by the 



Vp\ 



\o 



'X 



Committee on Un-American Activities, U. S. House of Representatives 

Washington. D. C. 



PUB 




S-i^jt- 




(Z^^, |^S-| 



Committee on Un-American Activities, United States House of 

Representatives 

eighty-first congress, second session 



John S. Wood, Georgia, Chairman 

Francis E. Walter, Pennsylvania 
Burr P. Harrison, Virginia 
John McSweeney, Ohio 
Morgan M. Moulder, Missouri 
*RicHARD M. Nixon, California 
Francis Case, South Dakota 
Harold H. Velde, Illinois 
Bernard W. Kearney, New York 



Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., Counsel 

Louis J. Russell, Senior Investigator 

John W. Carrington, Clerk of Committee 

Benjamin Mandel, Director of Research 

♦Honorable Richard M. Nixon resigned from tlae House of Representatives on November 30 and became 
a member of the Senate on December 4, 1950. 



II 



f^ i '////^P ^ 



REPORT ON 

THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE 

MUNDT BILL 

A COMMUNIST LOBBY 

The National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, since its 
inception, has served as a registered lobbying organization which has 
carried out the objectives of the Communist Party in its fight against 
antisubversive legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities, on September 17, 1950, 
issued a report on the National Lawyers Guild, exposmg that organi- 
zation as a Communist front, and recommendmg that the Attorney 
General of the United States place this organization on his list of 
Communist fronts. 

Durmg the progress of this mvestigation, it was brought to the 
attention of the committee that there existed between this Communist- 
front organization and the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt 
Bill a close organizational and financial relationship 

The National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill first came into 
bemg in June of 1948, when Jerry J. O'Connell registered with tho 
Clerk of the House of Representatives as a lobbyist for this organi- 
zation. At that time O'Connell stated that he was on loan to the 
newly formed National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill fi-om 
the Progressive Party of the State of Washmgton, and that he was 
to receive from the Progressive Party a salary of $125 per week. 
Traveling expenses were to be borne by the National Committee to 
Defeat the Mundt Bill. 

This information is substantiated by the fact that the quarterly 
reports of this new organization for the period of June 1, 1948, tlu-ough 
December 31, 1949, filed with the Clerk of the House of Representa 
tives, failed to disclose any expenditure by this organization to Jerry 
J. O'Connell for salary. However, quarterly reports filed by this 
organization for the first three quarters of 1950 revealed that Jerry J. 
O'Connell was retamed by the National Committee to Defeat the 
Mundt Bill at a salary of $100 per week. 

The relationship referred to between the National Committee to 
Defeat the Alundt Bill and the National La^^^^ers Guild reached an 
adhesive state in July of 1950. At that time Jerry J. O'Connell was 
summoned to Washington, D. C, by Robert J. Silberstein, executive 
secretary of the National Lawyers Guild. Jerry O'Connell's trans- 
portation from Seattle, Wash., to Washington, D. C, on or about 
August 1, 1950, was paid by the National Lawyers Guild. This 
information was obtained as a result of a subpena issued by the Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities and served on the Western L^nion 
Telegraph Co. in Washington, D. C, ordering that company to pro- 



2 THE NATIONAI. COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 

duce copies of all telegrams ciiarged to the account of the National 
Lawyers Guild in Washington, D. C, for the months of July, August, 
and September, 1950. These telegrams were placed into the official 
record of the Committee on Un-American Activities in an executive 
hearing conducted on October 19, 1950. This hearing was held in 
connection with the current investigation relating to the National 
Committee to Defeat the Mundt BilL The telegrams are identified 
in this testimony as Wheeler exhibits 1 through 38. 

The information relating to Mr. O'Connell's transportation to Wash- 
mgton, D. C, from Seattle, Wash., is established by the telegrams 
■identified as Wheeler exhibits 9, 10, and 11, introduced into the 
official committee record on October 19, 1950. Wheeler Exhibit 9 
is a telegram dated July 18, 1950, addressed to Jerry J. O'Connell, 
3216 Fourth Avenue, North, Great Falls, Mont., wherein the following 
is stated: 

..Greetings. Essential you take first plane or train here. • 

SiLBERSTEIN. 

Wheeler Exhibit 10 is a telegram dated July 26, 1950, to Jerry J. 
O'Connell at 2415 Monte Vista Place, Seattle, Wash., which is 
quoted as follows: 

Sorry funds not available here. Proceed other plans. Best wishes. 

SiLBERSTEIN. 

Wlieeler Exhibit 11 is a telegram dated July 28, 1950, to Jerry J. 
O'Connell, at 2415 Monte Vista Place, Seattle, Wash., which reads: 

Means now available your travel. Telephone me collect today. 

SiLBERSTEIN. 

In addition to subpenaing copies of telegrams charged to the 
National Lawyers Gudd for July, August, and September, 1950, the 
Committee on Un-American Activities also subpenaed the long- 
distance-telephone toll slips charged to the National Lawyers Guild 
telephones for the same period. These toll slips were entered into 
the official committee record as Owens exhibit A-1 thi-ough A-81 in 
the executive session held on October 19, 1950. 

Immediately upon his arrival in Washmgton, D. C, Jerry J. 
O'Connell established offices m the name of the National Committee 
to Defeat the Mundt Bill at 902 Twentieth Street NW. It is ex- 
tremely significant that this is the official address of the Washington 
office of the National Lawyers Guild. The entire facilities of this 
office were made available to Jerry J. O'Connell as chairman of the 
National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill. O'Connell immedi- 
ately began the unrestricted use of the National Lawyers Guild's 
telegram charge account with Western LTnion, as well as their telephone 
account. This is substantiated by the fact that the telegrams 
subpenaed by the Committee on Un-American Activities disclosed 
that, although charged to the National Lawyers Guild, more than 
98 percent of them were signed by Jerry J. O'Connell as chau-man, 
National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, 902 Twentieth Street 
NW., Washington, D. C. The telegrams charged to the account of 
the National Lawyers Guild by Jerry O'Connell, on behalf of the 
National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, exceeded $1,000. 

Telegraphic charges during the month of September incurred by 
the National Connnittee to Defeat the Mundt Bill and charged to the 



THE NATIONAL, COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 3 

National Lawyers Guild, totaled $89G.51. As of the date of this 
report, $446.51 remains unpaid. 

The long-distance-telephone toll slips subpenaed by the Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities revealed that since O'Connell's 
arrival in Washington the telephone charges placed by the NCDMB 
and billed to the National Lawyers Guild totaled $349.34. 

It shoidd be noted that the quarterly financial statement filed with 
the Clerk of the House of Representatives for the third period of 1950, 
which covers the months of July, August, and September, discloses 
that the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill reimbursed the 
National Law3^ers Guild in the amount of $251.88 for telegraph and 
telephone charges. Since the total amount of the above bills is not 
noted in the afore-mentioned financial statement, and the investigation 
of the Committee on Un-American Activities revealed that the tele- 
graph and telephone charges incurred during this period exceeded 
$1,300, it is assumed that more than $1,000 in telegraph and telephone 
charges has been or will be absorbed by the National Lawyers Guild. 

The National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, durmg the 
course of its campaigns, has engaged in an active working relationship 
ywith the Com^munist Party. Furthermore, the program of the Na- 
/ tional' Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, just as in the case of its 
^ recent benefactor, the National Lawyers Guild, directly parallels the 
program of the Communist Party against any legislation which might 
tend to curb the mfluence of communism in America. These rela- 
tionships are clear upon the exammation of an official document of 
the Communist Party of the United States, which was made available 
to the Committee on Un-American Activities as a result of a subpena 
served on Matthew Cvetic, former undercover agent of the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, and was entered mto the official record at 
an executive hearing held on October 13, 1950, as Cvetic Exhibit No. 
96.^ This document was originally obtained, along with many other 
documents, by vhtue of a search and seizure warrant issued in Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. These documents were taken from the headquarters of 
the Communist Part}^ in Pittsburgh, Pa., located on the fourth floor 
of the Bakewell Building. This office serves as headquarters for the 
Communist Party of Western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley, and 
is headed by the well-laiown Communist organizer, Steve Nelson. 

The official Communist Party designation of this document is 
"Discussion Outline for the Fight .4gainst the Mundt-Nixon Bill," 
issued by the National Educational Department, Communist Party. 
The document itself is not dated, but within the text of the document 
there is a reference to an editorial which appeared in the Daily Worker 
on Alarch 7, 1950. It is apparent therefore that this document was 
compiled by the Communist Party subsequent to tliis date. The 
document instructs Communist organizers and club leaders how to 
propagandize most effectively against the Mundt-Nixon bill. In con- 
nection with these instructions. Communist Party leaders are directed 
to contact the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill as a 
source for material and assistance. Specifically, they are directed 
to contact the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill "for 
material for mass distribution, speakers, etc." The National Com- 
mittee to Defeat the Mundt Bill is listed, in company with the Daily 

1 Cvetic Exhibit No. 90 is Drinted in its entirety in an official committee publication entitled "Exposfi of 
the Communist Party of AVestern Pennsylvania— Part 3." 



4 THE NATIONAX, COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 

Worker and the Public Affairs Committee of the Communist Party, 
as a source of material and assistance in their campaign against 
ant-Communist legislation. 

Jerrj^ O'Connell, in performing his duties as a registered lobbyist 
of the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, solicited the 
help of the Communist Party. This is substantiated by the fact that 
on September 13, 1950, Jerry O'Connell sent to Henry Winston, 35 
East Twelfth Street, New York City, a telegram from which the 
following is quoted: 

Also urgently request you wire and secure every possible message from your 
organization to President Truman to veto this bill after full 10 days' study,' and 
to Senators and Congressmen to sustain veto. 

Henry Winston is a member of the National Committee of the 
Communist Party, and is its organizational secretary. He was 
recently convicted, in company with 10 other national leaders of the 
Communist Party in New York City, for conspiracy to advocate the 
overtlu-ow of the United States Government by force and violence. 
The address to which the telegram was sent, 35 East Twelfth Street, 
New York City, is the official address of the national headquarters, 
Communist Party, USA. 

Matthew Cvetic, former under-cover operative for 9 years for the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation, testified in executive session on 
September 28 and October 21, 1950,^ regarding the documents which 
were seized from, the Communist Party headquarters in Pittsburgh. 
Mr. Cvetic's testimony was based on knowledge gained as a result of 
a 7-year membership in the Communist Party. During this time he 
occupied responsible positions within the Communist Party of the 
United States on a local and national level. 

Mr. Cvetic testified that the District Committee of the Communist 
Party of Western Pennsylvania established a "branch or unit of the 
National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill." This branch or unit 
occupied no office of its own, but worked out of the offices of the Com- 
munist Party of Western Pennsylvania in Pittsburgh. Mr. Cvetic 
further testified that petitions and pamphlets published by the 
National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill were made available 
in Pittsburgh for distribution by Communist Party headquarters. 
He personally participated in the distribution of petitions and pam- 
phlets published by the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt 
Bill at the instruction of Communist Party functionaries in Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Cvetic pointed out that the Communist Party would never 
Solicit material for distribution from the National Committee to Defeat 
the Mundt Bill unless the objectives of that organization and the 
Communist Party were identical on a given issue. Mr. Cvetic also 
testified that the officials of the Communist Party in western Pennsyl- 
vania referred to the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill 
as "one of our organizations." 

Mr. Cvetic revealed that the strategy and planning of the fight 
against the Mundt-Nixon bill in Pittsburgh was headed by the district 
organizer of the Communist Party. These plans were carried out by 
the Commimist Party district committee through the various trade- 
unions, front organizations, Progressive Party, and other organiza- 
tions which had been created or captured by the Communist Party in 

■ Mr. Cvetic's entire testimony of these dates is reprinted in a committee publication entitled "Expos6 
of the Communist Party of Western Pennsylvania — Part 3." 



THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 5 

western Pennsylvania. In line with this phase of Mr. Cvetic's testi- 
mony, it is significant to note that Jerry J. O'Connell, as chairman of 
the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, on August 27, 1950, 
wired .Alexander Wright (an identified Communist) at 120 Ninth 
Street, Pittsburgh, Pa., as follows:^ 

McCarran Bill, including Mundt-Ferguson measure, hits Senate floor Tuesday. 
House takes up Mundt-Nixon-Wood bill also Tuesday. Please get every possible 
organizational and individual wire and phone call to your Senators and Congress- 
men Monday and Tuesday to vote against these bills and any substitute. Do 
your very utmost. 

Jerry J. O'Connell, 
Chairman, National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill. 

Also on September 17, 1950, Jerry J. O'Connell, as chairman of the 
National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, wired Alexander 
Wright, at 120 Ninth Street, Pittsburgh, Pa., as follows:* 

Senate has shocked nation with passage of both McCarran and Kilgore bills 
decreeing thought control and concentration camps for America. This consti- 
tutes most revolting, vicious, and destructive onslaught ever made on democracy. 

Small opposition pinpoints tremendous task to guarantee Truman veto, and 
sustain it. Both Houses vote on conference reports including these Mund- 
strosities late Friday afternoon. Make sure your Senators and Congressmen get 
every phone call and wire possible before then. Most important concentrate 
on veto campaign to Truman, right now, to stop blitz. This campaign must 
exceed anything ever done before, must go beyond usual wires, letters, post cards. 
Must include rallies, conferences, petition drives, freedom parades, picketing of 
major Party and candidates campaign headquarters, representative delegations 
to Washington where feasible, street meetings, every means possible to arouse 
American People to danger which is now real not imaginary. Contact every 
union, community organization, racial leaders and groups, educators, professional 
people, governmental officers, legislators, candidates, prominent citizens, insist- 
ing fight for veto and its sustention by Congress must be Number One order of 
business, and where possible only business, to get every possible demand on 
Truman for veto. The chips are down. We must win. 

Jerry J. O'Connell, 
Chairman, National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill. 

At the time the aforementioned telegi*ams were sent, Alexander 
Wright was an official of the Progressive Party, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Matthew Cvetic, in his testimony before the Committee on Un- 
American Activities in March of 1950, identified Alexander Wright 
as an active member of the Communist Party in Pittsburgh. Cvetic 
also testified as follows : 

Alexander Wright was assigned by the Communist Party to direct the work 
of the Progressive Party in western Pennsylvania. 

The telegrams sent to Alexander Wright in Pittsburgh, Pa., are 
indicative of the pattern which Mr. O'Connell followed in his campaign 
as chairman of the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill. 
Similar telegrams were sen^ to Henrj^ Winston, Ben Gold, John Abt, 
Harry Bridges, and others identified as members of the Communist 
Party before the Committee on Un-American Activities. Mr. 
O'Connell also recruited the assistance of the Progressive Party and its 
officials all over the United States. In addition, he solicited the assist- 
ance of organizations which have been officially cited as Communist 
by the Attorney General of the United States and by this committee. 
The committee is in possession of a large volume of telegrams and 
telephone-toll slips which are too voluminous to print at this time. 

'This telegram is represented by Wheeler Exhibit 17 in an executive session of the Committee on Un- 
American Activities conducted on October 19. 1950. 
^ Represented by Wheeler Exhibit 38, executive session of Committee, October 19, 1950. 



THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 



The committee desires ta point out at this time that, in addition to 
secm'ing the aid of Commmiists and Communist-front organizations, 
the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill attempted to secure 
the assistance of many organizations and individuals whose reputations 
are above reproach. 

This lobbying technique, as demonstrated by Mr. O'Connell, is 
identical to the technique used by the Communist Party in campaigns 
of their own. In an attempt to attach respect and prominence to their 
campaign, they solicit endorsements and aid from prominent and 
well-meaning individuals and organizations. 

A Comparison of the Propaganda Techniques of the National 
Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill and the Communist 
Party 

Through official publications, the National Committee to Defeat 
the Mundt Bill has expressed its position with regard to creating a 
lobby against the passage of anti-Communist legislation. The high 
lights of these pronouncements are compared in the ensuing pages 
with the discussion outline to defeat the Mundt bill issued by the 
National Education Department of the Communist Party .^ 



Communist Party 

1. A Gestapo police state bill to out- 
law the Communist Party and destroy 
all progressive labor unions and peoples' 
organizations. 



2. Bill to outlaw the Peace Move- 
ment — Wall Street imperialism wants 
the Mundt Bill to stop the growing peace 
movement which has been spurred for- 
ward by the announcement to produce 
the H-Bomb and is finding strong ex- 
pression in demand for negotiations with 
the Soviet Union and for the ending of 
the cold war. 

3. The Mundt Bill is the attempt of 
reaction to crush the movement of the 
Negro people for civil rights. To defeat 
the Mundt Bill, it is essential to take up 
another national issue of civil rights — 
the fight of the Negro people for civil 
liberties. The fight against the Mundt 
Bill is intimately tied in with the fight 
for an FEPC now. They are in reality 
two sides of the same fight against the 
repression of the people and for the 
maintenance and extension of civil 
rights. The FEPC issue is being sabo- 
taged by the same forces that are push- 
ing through the Mundt Bill. The fight 
for FEPC must be renewed. Now is the 
time for pressing for the widest mobili- 
zation around the issue for FEPC 
NOW— NO MUNDT BILL. 



National Committee to Defeat 
Mundt Bill 

1. Would put into effect in the 
United States the infamous Nazi de- 
crees invoked by Hitler when he seized 
power in Germany in 1933, thus placing 
the American people under the yoke of 
"legal" fascism. 

2. Would suppress efforts of all or- 
ganizations, sucii as the Quakers, to 
work for peace and spare the world the 
horrors of an A-Bomb and H-Bomb war. 



3. Would label as "subversive" per- 
sons and groups active for FEPC and 
against anti-Semitism, Jim Crow, lynch- 
ing, and forms of discrimination against 
national groups and minority groups. 



'This document has been printed in its entirety under date ofiOctober 13, 1950, and is identified as 
"Matthew Cvetic Exhibit No. 96" in Expos6 of the Commiinist Party of Western Pennsylvania— Part 3. 



THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 



Communist Party 

4. Effort must be made to link this 
bill with the fight for peace. That is 
central. The Mundt Bill is aimed to 
silence the peace forces. This must be 
explained clearly to the people. Re- 
action wants war. The bill would 
bring war nearer. It should also be 
linked with relief, rent control, wage 
increases, etc. In each organization it 
should be shown how the Mundt Bill 
would stifle the fight for the needs and 
demands of these organizations. 

5. The Mundt Bill is also the answer 
of reaction to the miners' victory and to 
the growing strike movement which is 
taking place despite and often against 
the policies and wishes of the labor 
bureaucrats. 

6. Bill not aimed at Communists 
alone, but at all labor and progressive 
organizations, particularly militant 
unions. 



7. Curb labor's growing struggles 



8. Attempted blitz to destrov the 
Bill of Rights. If the Mundt Bill be- 
comes law, the Bill of Rights will be 
dead and buried. 



National Committee to Defeat 
Mundt Bill 

4. Would jail members of groupscam- 
paigning for continued rent control, 
lower rents, and against segregation by 
declaring such groups are subversive 
"fronts," thus giving landlords a free 
hand. 



5. Would smash labor unions fighting 
for higher wages and improved working 
conditions by means of an appointed, 
three-man Subversive Activities Con- 
trol Board with unlimited power under 
the Act. 

6. Would impose severe fines and jail 
sentences up to life upon leaders of 
unions, fraternal groups, religious insti- 
tutions and peace societies for refusal 
to label themselves falsely as subversive 
organizations. 

7. Would compel unions to surrender 
their membership lists which, published 
in antilabor newspapers, would make 
possible huge blacklists and mass firings. 

8. Would outlaw the First Amend- 
ment. 



FINANCIAL BACKGROUND 

The National Committee to Defeat the Mundt BUI has filed 
seven quarterly financial statements with the Clerk of the House of 
Representatives, in compliance with the provisions of the Federal 
Regulations of the Lobbymg Act. The first statement was filed on 
July 9, 1948, and the last statement was filed on October 9, 1950. 

In reviewing the afore-mentioned financial statements, it was dis- 
closed that $15,847.26 was received in contributions by that organiza- 
tion during the period from July 9, 1948, through October 9, 1950. 
Pursuant to the provisions of the Federal Regulations of the Lobbying 
Act, organizations are required to list the source of contributions of 
$500 or more. The National Committee to Defeat the Alundt Bill, 
in its quarterly reports, listed the following contributors: 

New York Committee for Democratic Rights 

23 West 26th Street 

New York City _ $1, 200. 00 

The New York Committee for Democratic Rights is also known as 
the Provisional Committee for Democratic Rights and the Committee 
for Democratic Rights. This organization is affiliated with the 
Civil Rights Congress, which was cited as subversive by Attorney 
General Tom Clark and the Committee on Un-American Activities, 



75515—50^ 



8 THE NATIONATj COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 

A leaflet of the Committee for Democratic Rights, entitled "A 
Call to An Action Conference for Freedom," which was held on May 
8, 1948, in New York City, carried a partial list of sponsors. By 
checking the hst, which included 61 individuals, against the files of 
the Committee on Un-American Activities, it was determined that 14 
of the listed individuals were at that time members of the Com- 
munist Party. Of that group, also, 32 had been affiliated with from 
1 to 10 Communist-front organizations; 13 had been affiliated with 
from 1 to 20 such organizations; and 8 showed affiliation with more 
than 20 such organizations. Twenty-four of the sponsors have 
defended Communists and/or the Communist Party. 

Mrs. Luke I. Wilson 

8080 Rockville Pike 

Bethesda, Maryland $500.00 

According to the files of the Committee on Un-American Activities, 
Mrs. Luke I. Wilson was listed as a member of the Executive Board 
of the Washington Committee of the Southern Conference for Human 
Welfare in June 1947. The Southern Conference for Human Welfare 
was cited by the Committee on Un-American Activities on March 29, 
1940, as a Communist front which received money from the Robert 
Marshall Foundation, one of the principal som'ces of funds by which 
many Communist fronts operate. 

United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers of America 

10, II East 51st Street 

New York City $500. 00 

The United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America 
was cited as having an "entrenched" Communist leadership in reports 
of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities dated January 1, 
1940, and March 29, 1944. 

From the time of the formation of the UE in 1936 until 1949, the 
United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America was 
affiliated with the Congress of Industrial Organizations. On Novem- 
ber 2, 1949, the national convention of the CIO expelled the UE on 
the ground that the union had — 

fallen into the control of a group devoted primarily to the principles of the Com- 
munist Party. 

The CIO resolution expeUing the UE also stated that — 

We can no longer tolerate within the family of CIO the Communist Party 
masquerading as a labor union. 

Since then, the UE has operated as an independent union. 
New York Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill 
II West 42nd Street 

New York City $900. 00 

The New York Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill is headed by 
Isadore Blumberg who, on June 7, 1949, as executive secretary of the 
New York Tenant Council, signed a statement in behalf of the 
indicted 12 Communist leaders. On October 14, 1949, 1 1 of the leaders 
of the Communist Party, USA, were convicted on charges of conspuing 
to teach and advocate the violent overthrow of the United States 
Government. Isadore Blumberg was a sponsor, according to the 



THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 9 

program, of a dinner held by the American Russian Institute in New 
York City on October 29, 1944. The American Russian Institute 
was cited as "subversive" and "Communist" by Attorney General 
Tom Clark in letters to the Loyalty Review Board released on April 25, 
1949. 

According to the records cf the committee, Isadore Blumberg of the 
Tenants Council was a member of the Continuations Committee of the 
Civil Rights Congress. In June 1949, Isadore Blumberg was a sponsor 
of the conference held by the Civil Rights Congress of New York. 
The Civil Rights Congress has been cited by the Committee on 
Un-American Activities as — 

an organization formed in April 1946 as a merger of two Communist-front organi- 
zations — the International Labor Defense and the National Federation for Con- 
stitutional Liberties — as dedicated not to the broader issues of civil liberties but 
specifically to the defense of individual Communists and the Communist Party. 

Attorney General Tom Clark also cited the Civil Rights Congress as 
"subversive" and "Communist" on December 4, 1947, and on Sep- 
tember 21, 1948. 

In reviewing the quarterly reports filed with the House of Repre- 
sentatives by the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, it 
is noted that the following individuals and organizations received 
money for services rendered the National Committee to Defeat the 
Mundt BHl: 

Elizabeth Sasuly $359.89 (salary and expenses) 

On July 12, 1949, Mrs. Elizabeth Sasuly^ appeared as a witness 
before the Committee on Un-American Activities in connection with 
the committee's investigation of communism in the District of 
Columbia. She at that time was asked: "Are you now, or have you 
ever been a member of the Communist Party?" She refused to 
answer the question on grounds of self-incrimination. 

Thomas G. Buchanan, Jr. (salary, publicity, and travel) $1,180.50 

Thomas G. Buchanan, Jr., is legislative director of the Civil Rights 
Congress, Washington, D. C, and appeared voluntarily as a witness 
representing the Civil Rights Congress durmg United States Senate 
hearings on the Subversive Activities Control Act, 1949. These 
hearings were held by a subcommittee of the Committee on the 
Judiciary, United States Senate, on May 18, 1949. During the mitial 
exammation of Mr. Buchanan by the subcommittee counsel, he was 
asked: "Are you now, or have you ever been a member of the Com- 
munist Party?" Mr. Buchanan refused to answer the question and 
was thereupon dismissed from the witness stand. 

The committee in many instances has had witnesses who, when 
questioned regarding association with Communists, have denied that 
Party. However, the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill 
could offer no such excuse in the case of Thomas G. Buchanan, Jr. 
Mr. Buchanan, in May of 1948, was discharged from the Washington 
Evening Star, Washington, D. C, for being a member of the Com- 
munist Party. The Worker, Southern edition, of June 27, 1948, 
carried an article written by Mr. Buchanan entitled "Stand Up and 

« Testimony of Elizabeth Sasuly, July 12, 1949, is printed in Hearings Regarding Communism in the 
District of Columbia — Part 1, pp. 743-758. 



10 THE NATIONAL. COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 

Be Counted Out," wherein he admits Communist Party mem- 
bership. 

George B. Murphy, Jr. (per diem and expenses) $77.62 

The files of the Committee on Un-American Activities reveal that 
George B. Murphy, Jr., is affiliated with six or more organizations 
which have been declared Communist and subversive by the Attorney 
General of the United States and the Committee on Un-American 
Activities. His affiliation with these organizations is as follows : 

George B. Murphy, Jr., was executive secretary of the Citizens Committee to 
Free Earl Browder, Washington, D. C. He was an endorser of the Emergency 
Peace Mobilization, and a vice chairman of the American Committee for the 
Protection of Foreign Born. He has served as a vice president of the International 
Workers Order, and as a speaker for the Scottsboro Defense Committee. In 
July of 1950 he was the signer of a statement issued by the Council on African 
Affairs opposing the United States policy in Korea. 

Superior Print Shop $951.96 (printing) 

This printing establishment is owned by Tilla Minowitz, 3416 Tenth 
Place SE., Washmgton, D. C, and is located at 607 Massachusetts 
Avenue NW., Washington, D. C. Mrs. Minowitz was subpenaed by 
the Committee on Un-American Activities during the course of this 
investigation of communism in the District of Columbia. She ap- 
peared as a witness before the committee on July 6, 1949, at which 
time she refused to answer all questions regarding her membership in 
the Communist Party. She also refused to answer questions regard- 
ing contributions made by her to the Communist Party .^ 

The National Lawyers Guild. $430.00 (analysis of bill and 5,000 

copies of such analysis) 

This organization was the subject of a report by the Committee on 
Un-American Activities dated September 17, 1950, wherem the Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities cited this organization as being the 
"legal bulwark of the Communist Party." ^ 

OFFICERS OF THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE 

MUNDT BILL 

Chairman 

Jerry J. O'Connell 

Treasurer 

Bruce Waybur 

Executive Treasurer 

Edith Pratt 

Registered Lobbyists 

Jerry J. O'Connell 
John B. Stone 



' The entire testimony of Tilla Minowitz appears on pp. 725-734 of the committee publication, Com- 
munism in the District of Columbia— Part I. 
" Made H. Kept. No. 3123, September 21, 1950. 



THE NATIONAl, COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 



11 



OFFICERS OF THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE 

MUNDT BILL— Continued 

District Offices and Representatives 



Chicago : 

Ruth Belmont 

Chicago Committee to Defeat the 

Mundt Bill 
179 West Washington Street 
Miami Beach, Fla. : 
Helen Lee Barclay 
Freedom House Committee to Defeat 

the Mundt Bill 
1611 Michigan Avenue 
New York, N. Y.: 
Isadore Blumberg 
New York Committee to Defeat the 

Mundt Bill 
Room 822, 11 West Forty-second 

Street 
San Francisco, Calif.: 
Elmer P. Delaney 
San Francisco Committee to Oppose 

the Mundt-Ferguson Bill 
Grant Building 
Market Street at Seventh 
Santa Cruz, Calif.: 

Edward M. Vierra, chairman 

Santa Cruz Citizens Committee to 

Defeat the Mundt Bill 
123 Stanford Avenue 



Sponsors of National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill 



Wilmington, Del.: 

Leon V. Anderson, secretary 

Delaware Committee to Defeat the 
Mimdt bill 

826 Poplar Street 
Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Adele Margolis 

Philadelphia Committee to Defeat 

the Mundt Bill 

Room 800 Professional Building 

1831 Chestnut Street 
Trenton, N. J.: 

Rev. Harry R. Pine 

New Jersey Citizens Committee 
Against the Mundt Bill 

1237 Greenwood Avenue 
Denver, Colo.: 

Helen L. Gordon 

Colorado Committee to Defeat the 
Mundt Bill 

4320 East Twelfth Avenue 



Rabbi Michael Alper, New York, N. Y. 
Hon. Thurman Arnold, Washington, 

D. C. 
Stringfellow Barr, New York, N. Y. 
Mr. and Mrs. Theodore O. Behre, New 

Orleans, La. 
Angela Bambace, Baltimore, Md. 
Elmer Benson, Appleton, Minn. 
Hon. John T. Bernard, Chicago, 111. 
Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville, N. C. 
Algernon D. Black, New York, N. Y. 
Scott Buchanan, Richmond, Mass. 
Dr. Robert K. Burns, Baltimore, Md. 
LaVonne Busch, Reno, Nev. 
Angus Cameron, Boston, Mass. 
Prof. A. J. Carlson, Chicago, 111. 
Prof. Zechariah Chafee, Cambridge, 

Mass. 
Rabbi J. X. Cohen, New York, N. Y. 
Hon. Benjamin J. Davis, New York, 

N. Y. 
Earl B. Dickerson, Chicago, 111. 
James Durkin, New York, N. Y. 
Clifford J. Durr, Washington, D. C. 
Prof. Thomas I. Emerson, New Haven, 

Conn. 
Prof. Henrv Pratt Fairchild, New 

York, N. Y. 
Edward E. Fisher, Washington, D. C. 
Abram Flaxer, New York, N. Y. 
Clark Foreman. New York, N. Y. 



Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman, Los An- 
geles, Calif. 

Jerry Gilliam, Norfolk, Va. 

J. W. Gitt, York, Pa. 

Percy Greene, Jackson, Miss. 

Prof. Fowler Harper, New Haven, 
Conn. 

Donald Henderson, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Charles Houston, Washington, D. C. 

Rev. Kenneth DeP. Hughes, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

James Imbrie, Lawrenceville, N. J. 

Hon. Leo Isacson, New York, N. Y. 

Francis Fisher Kane, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Robert W. Kenny, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Paul J. Kern, New York, N. Y. 

Prof. Curtis MacDougall, Evanston, 111. 

James McLeish, Newark, N. J. 

Rev. Jack McMichael, New York, N. Y. 

Dr. Alexander Meikeljohn, Berkeley, 
Calif. 

Samuel D. Menin, Denver, Colo. 

Arthur Miller, Brooklvn, N. Y. 

Hon. Fred G. Moritt, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Prof. Stuart Mudd, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hon. Stanley Novak, Detroit, Mich. 

Grant Oakes, Chicago, 111. 

Oliver T. Palmer, Washington, D. C. 

Father Clarence Parker, Chicago, 111. 

Max Perlow, New York, N. Y. 

Morris Pizer. New York, N. Y. 



12 THE NATIONA'L COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 

Sponsoks of National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill — Continued 

Abraham Pomerantz, New York, N. Y. Dr. Joseph W. Straley, Chapel Hill, 
Judge Joseph H. Rainev, Philadelphia, N. C. 

Pa. - Dr. Alva W. Taylor, Nashville, Tenn. 

Prof. William G. Rice, Madison, Wis. Dr. O. B. Taylor, Knoxville, Tenn. 

0. John Ro2;ge, New York, N. Y. Mary Church Terrell, Washington, 
Paul Ross, New York, N. Y. D. C. 

Prof. Frederick Schuman, Williams- I^ouis Untermeyer, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

town, Mass. Mark Van Doren, New York, N. Y. 

Prof. Karl Shapiro, Baltimore, Md. Dr. Harry F. Ward, Palisade, N. J. 

Prof . Harlow Shapley, Cambridge, Mass. Marv Van Kleeck, Woodstock, N. Y. 

1. F. Stone, Washington, D. C. 

In order to fully understand the objectives of the National Com- 
mittee to Defeat the Mundt Bill, it is important to examine the back- 
ground of the officers who were most active in this organization. 

Jerry J. O'Connell, chairman of the National Committee to Defeat 
the Mundt Bill, was loaned by the Progressive Party of the State of 
Washington to become chairman of the committee in 1948. 

O'Connell was born at Butte, Mont., on June 14, 1909. He was 
graduated from Carroll College, Helena, Mont., in 1931, and subse- 
quently attended Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. When 
21 years of age, he was elected to the Montana State House of Repre- 
sentatives, where he served from 1931 to 1934. He was elected to 
the Seventy-fifth Congress of the United States, representing the 
First District of the State of Montana. 

The files of the Committee on Un-American Activities reflect that 
Jerry O'Connell was a speaker at a function of the American Friends 
of the Chinese People, and later attended the banquet held by that 
organization. This organization was cited by the committee on 
March 29, 1944, as a Communist-front organization. O'Connell par- 
ticipated in functions of the American League for Peace and Democ- 
racy and extended greetings to the American Committee for Peace 
and Democracy, held in Washington, D. C, January 6-8, 1939. He 
was a member of the national committee of the American League for 
Peace and Democracy in 1939. This organization has also been cited 
as a Communist-front organization by the Committee on Un-American 
Activities and by former Attorney General Tom Clark. Mr. O'Con- 
nell was listed as a sponsor of the American Relief Ship for Spain in 
1938. This organization was one of several Communist Party-front 
enterprises which raised funds for Commimist Spain. It was cited 
by the Committee on Un-American. Activities in 1944. 

Jerry O'Connell was a speaker at the Freedom Crusade Congress 
of the Civil Rights Congress in 1949. This organization was cited by 
the Committee on Un-American Activities in 1947 as — 

dedicated not to the broader issue of civil liberties, but specifically to the defense 
of individual Communists in the Communist Party. 

Former Attorney General Tom Clark cited the Civil Rights Congress 
as "subversive" and classified it as "Communist" in letters furnished 
the Loyalty Review Board on December 4, 1947, and September 21, 
1948. 

Under the auspices of the Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern 
Policy, Jerry O'Connell sent greetings to pro-Communist Mme. 
Sun-Yat-sen, according to the Far East Spotlight (publication of this 



THE JSTATIONAX, COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 13 

organization), November 1948, page 14. This organization was cited 
as Communist by Attorney General Tom Clark on April 27, 1949. 

The official Call to a Conference on Constitutional Liberties in 
America, June 7, 1940, listed O'Connell as a sponsor of the conference. 
The Committee on Un-American Activities listed this conference as — 

an important part of the solar system of the Communist Party front organi- 
zation, which founded the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties in 
1940. 

The June 23, 1947, issue of the Daily Worker, official newspaper of 
the Communist Party, discloses that Jerry J. O'Connell signed a 
letter of praise to that paper. O'Connell was speaker at a function 
of the Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in January 1938. 
This organization has been cited as a Communist front by this 
committee. 

Jerry O'Connell was also listed by the Daily Worker, May 3, 1938, 
page 3, as a speaker at a function of the International Labor Defense. 
The International Labor Defense was cited as the "legal defense arm 
of the Communist Party of the United States" by the House Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities on January 3, 1939; January 3, 
1940;. June 25, 1942; and March 29, 1944. On September 24, 1942, 
former Attorney General Francis Biddle cited the organization as 
"the legal arm of the Communist Party." Subject organization was 
also cited by former Attorney General Clark as "subversive and 
Communist" on June 1 and September 21, 1948. 

Jerry O'Connell was listed as a national sponsor of the Medical 
Bureau and North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy 
on its letterhead dated July 6, 1938. This organization was cited as 
a Communist front by the Committee on Un-American Activities on 
March 29, 1944. 

A membership list of the National Lawyers Guild dated 1939 listed 
Jerry J. O'Connell, of Butte, Mont., as a member. This organiza- 
tion was cited as a Communist front by the Committee on Un- 
American Activities in 1944. On September 19, 1950, this com- 
mittee issued a report outlining in detail the organization's activities 
and its adherence to the Commuriist Party line. 

New Masses, which has been cited as the "nationally circulated 
weekly journal of the Communist Party" by this committee, and as 
a "Communist periodical" by former Attorney General Francis 
Biddle, carried articles by Jerry O'Connell in its issues of November 
1937 and February 1938. 

Committee records further reflect that Jerry J. O'Connell spoke at a 
function of the North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy, 
at which Earl Browder also spoke. Mr. O'Connell also spoke at a 
function of the Yorkville division, North American Committee to 
Aid Spanish Democracy, in 1937. The issue of New Masses of 
July 20, 1937, reported that Jerry J. O'Connell was one of the speakers 
at the first anniversary of the Anti-Fascist Struggle in Spain, held 
under the auspices of the North American Committee to Aid Spanish 
Democracy at Madison Square Garden on July 19, 1937. This 
organization has been cited as Communist by the Committee on 
Un-American Activities in reports dated January 3, 1940, and March 
29, 1944, and by former Attorney General Tom Clark on April 27, 
1949. 



14 THE NATIONAl, COMMITTEE TO DEFEAT THE MUNDT BILL 

Jerry O'Connell is listed as an instructor at the Seattle Labor 
School, fall term, 1947. This school was cited as an "adjunct of. the 
Communist Party," by former Attorney General Tom Clark on 
December 4, 1947. The Daily Worker of June 6, 1949, reported 
that Jerry O'Connell was one of those who signed a statement in 
behalf of the 11 Communist leaders during their recent trial in New 
York. 

According to Spotlight on the Far East, April 1948, page 6, Bruce 
Waybur, secretary-treasurer of the National Committee to Defeat 
the Mundt Bill, was a member of a delegation to the State Depart- 
ment sponsored by the National Conference on American Policy in 
China and the Far East. The National Conference on American 
Policy in China and the Far East was cited as a Communist organ- 
ization by former Attorney General Tom Clark in his letter to the 
Loyalty Review Board released to the press July 25, 1949. 

Bruce Waybur was listed as a member of the Washington Book Shop 
on the membership list subpenaed by the Committee on Un-American 
Activities in 1941. The Washington Book Shop Association w^as cited 
as subversive and Communist by Attorney General Tom Clark in lists 
which he prepared for the use of the Loyalty Review Board released 
to the press July 25, 1949. This group was also cited as a Communist 
front by the Special Committee on Un-American Activities in its 
report dated March 29, 1944. 

Waybur was a member of a delegation of the Civil Rights Congress, 
as shown in the March 19, 1948, issue of the Communist Daily Worker. 
The Congressional Committee on Un-American Activities, in its 
Report No. 1115, September 2, 1947, cited the Civil Rights Congress 
as — ■ 

dedicated not to the broader issues of civil liberties, but specifically to the defense 
of individual Communists and the Communist Party * * * controlled by 
individuals who are either members of the Communist Party or openly loyal to it. 

Attorney General Tom Clark cited the Civil Rights Congress as 
"subversive" and classified it as "Communist" in letters furnished the 
Loyalty Review Board and released to the press July 25, 1949. 

The Daily Worker of April 1, 1948, reported that Bruce Waybur of 
the United Electrical Workers was a member of a delegation of the 
American Jewish Labor Council, which organization was cited by the 
Attorney General in lists furnished the Loyalty Review Board. 

Bruce Waybur was registered as a lobbyist for the United Electrical, 
Radio and Machme Workers of America, CIO, in 1948. The United 
Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America was first cited by 
the Special Committee on Un-American Activities in its Report No. 
1476, dated January 3, 1940 (p. 13), which states that "the evidence 
before the Committee indicates, however, that the leadership of some 
10 or 12 constituent unions of the CIO, out of a total of some 48 
unions, is more than tinged with communism. The evidence shows 
that some of their leaders are either card-holdmg members of the 
Communist Party or subservient followers of that 'party's line.' " 
The United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America was 
recently expelled from the CIO for followmg the Communist Party 
line. 



the national, committee to defeat the mundt bill 15 

Conclusion 

The Committee on Un-American Activities is unanimous in its 
belief that the National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill was 
organized not as a legitimate lobbying enterprise, but rather as a 
propaganda adjunct of the Communist Party. The work of this 
organization, in many instances, was performed by the Communist 
Party, and it was at all times wholly supported by the Communist 
Party. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities is well aware of the fact 
that there has been opposition to antisubversive legislation in legiti- 
mate quarters which in no way were connected with the Communist 
Party. The committee at this time is takmg no issue with such 
legitimate opposition. It is solely concerned in this report with 
advismg the American public that mdividuals who knowmgly and 
actively support such a propaganda outlet as the National Committee 
to Defeat the Mundt Bill are actually aiding and abetting the Com- 
munist program in the United States. 

o 



.( 



» 

»4 



* ■» 



I 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 05445 2196 



I 




mi 













'v^ K^no^^^^^^^^^l