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Full text of "Report on the Pepys manuscripts preserved at Magdalene College, Cambridge"

FOUNDED BY I GOLD-WIN SMITH 




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LONDON : 

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MAGDALENE COLLEGE, CAMBE1DGE. 



to parliament bj? ommanti of f^tg 




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CONTENTS. 

PAGE 
INTRODUCTION - v 

REPORT - * 

INDEX - 309 



This Report has been prepared and edited, on behalf of 
the Historical Manuscripts Commissioners, by Mr. E. K. 
PTJRNELL, M.A., who is also responsible for the index. 






INTRODUCTION. 



The majority, at least, of these Papers belonged to John 
Evelyn, who on November 24, 1665, showed his collection to 
Pepys (Pepys' Diary under date). Writing to Wotton on 
September 12, 1703, Evelyn explains that they came into 
his possession through his wife's family. He married Mary, 
daughter and sole heiress of Sir Richard Brown, who was 
Clerk of the Council to Charles I and his successor. Having 
been sent as ambassador to Paris in 1641, he remained there 
till the Restoration. From him, therefore, must have come 
most of the Stuart Papers. He was grandson of the 
Sir Richard Brown (ob. 1604) who had been introduced 
to official life by Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, to, or by, 
whom most of the Elizabethan Papers are written. That 
the elder Sir Richard was the source of these is confirmed by 
the gap in the series from about the date of his death till 1624. 

On December 5, 1681, Evelyn sent them to Pepys with a 
letter of "particulars," adding in a postscript "these papers, 
mappes, lettrs., books and particulars, when you have done 
with, be pleased to take your own time in returning." Of 
this letter the writer kept a copy in the margin of which he 
noted " wch. I afterwards never asked of him." 

To avoid " the sad dispersions many noble libraries and 
cabinets have suffered in these late times " (Evelyn to Pepys, 
1689, Aug. 12), the latter bequeathed the contents of his 
library, first, to his nephew John Jackson for life, then to 
Magdalene College, of which he had been Scholar, and, failing 
their acceptance by that college, to Trinity College, on condition 
that they were never broken up nor supplemented. Magdalene 
accepted the legacy on these terms, and on the death of Jackson 
in 1724, there came to Cambridge inter alia three volumes, 
described on the title-page of each, in Pepys' hand as " the 
gift of my honoured and learned friend John Evelyn." 

Of seven pre-Elizabethan papers the most interesting is an 
undated letter of John, Duke of Northumberland, with post- 
script in the hand of the Duchess, to his son John, Earl of 
Warwick, on the subject of the latter 's debts. 

Towards the end of the collection are three papers of later 
date than Evelyn's letter of " particulars." Possibly the 
letters of Ray and Flamsteed, as men of science, may have 
been added to Evelyn's " gift " by Pepys himself. 

The notorious Protestantism of Lord Robert Dudley 
brought him, in 1559, a list of " Divines, to be considered," 
and a large proportion of these soon received preferment. 
Some of them, as Pilkington and Whitingham, respectively 



Bishop and Dean of Durham, Lawrence Humfrey, President 
of Magdalen, Cole, Archdeacon of Essex, and Wyborne, 
Preacher and Reader at Northampton, as time went on and 
the Queen's Church views stiffened, had to beg his Lordship 
to get them out of trouble caused by their dislike of Popish 
apparel, and in 1570 he is directed by Elizabeth to warn 
Archbishop Parker against toleration, and in particular to 
desire him to enquire into disorder " committed in Norwich 
Church." Grindal writes to the Earl to complain of the 
Arianism of one Smythe. Alley, Bishop of Exeter, applies 
through Lord Robert for leave to eke out a net revenue of 
300/. by letting out-houses and " waste " in the precincts, 
while Bishop Scory of Hereford, who had moved his clergy 
to make contributions in aid of a new Residentiary, contrary 
to a law for Wales and the Marches made by Henry VIII, 
says that the Papists intend in consequence to undo him at 
the next Assizes. During the War of Religion in France, 
Leicester's foreign correspondents are constantly appealing 
to his zeal for the Religion. 

It seems to have been part of the duty of the Master of the 
Horse to provide houses for Ambassadors and Foreigners of 
Distinction in London. Lord Francis Bedford, at Berwick, 
prays that if the Lady Cecilia, Marchioness of Baden lies 
not in his London house herself, " order may be given for the 
removing of her train which, as I hear, be but a homely company 
and in as homely manner do use my house, breaking and spoiling 
windows and every thing." Again, if a house must be provided 
for the Spanish Ambassador, Bishop Home, of Winchester, 
is content that no rent be paid for his town house, 
though he had meant to occupy it himself. If, on the other 
hand, the Ambassador has to find a house at his own charges, 
he shall pay 300 crowns till St. George's Day next. Several 
of the foreign correspondents of Dudley refer to horses, bought, 
or intended as presents for him, and Kings and Queens were 
constantly presenting these to one another (see index, horses). 
Riders also were sought out and sent to England. 

Five letters in the collection [p. 3, below] on the subject 
of the death of Amy Robsart were printed by the third Lord 
Braybrooke, Hereditary Visitor of Magdalene, in the Appendix 
to the first edition of Pepys* Diary, but both his Lordship and 
Mr. Froude overlooked a most important letter of 1567 from 
Thomas Blount to Leicester, describing an attempt to suborn 
John Appleyard, half brother to Amy, to give evidence against 
the Earl as to her death. A merchant, instigated by the 
Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Sussex and Thomas Heneage, 
had an interview with Appleyard at Hampton, offering him, 
in vain, 1,O.OOZ. down, and from time to time as much as he 
should require. A further charge against Dudley was that 
he was the only hinderer of the Queen's marriage. 

On this matter Thomas Randolph writes to him in 1563-4, 
" The worst I intend you is to marry a Queen." A few months 



vii 

later Throgmorton, expecting him to be sent to France with 
the ratification of the Treaty of Troyes, gives full directions 
as to the outfit necessary for such a journey, and in October 
Sir T. Smith reports the belief of the French Court that Lord 
Robert is, or " shortly shall be made Duke. 5 ' Though her 
Majesty did not send him, and only gave him an Earldom, 
he was persona grata to Charles IX and the Queen-Mother, 
and received the order of St. Michel, to the surprise of Philip II, 
at whose Court, however, he was " much praised." In the 
summer of 1565 Throgmorton, from Edinburgh, commends 
his wisdom or devotion to the Queen's Majesty, which had 
stayed him from a great inconvenience as never to give himself 
over to like any other than Elizabeth, adding that the matter 
between Mary and Darnley was " too far past to be broken." 
Smith, in the following October, under the thin disguise of mis- 
liking " Lovealian " and the opinion of " Agamias and Spite wed," 
hopes that he may see the Queen, who had been at his poor 
house at Ankerwick in his absence, " merry there and your 
Lordship together." In December comes a most quaint letter 
from Katherine, Duchess of Suffolk, claiming a motherly 
interest in Leicester. She was in difficulty about the choice 
of a New Year's gift for her Majesty, which might fulfil the 
purpose the writer most desired. The planets, however, 
had reigned uncertainly, but she now heard of " some better 
aspect," though she playfully upbraids the Earl for so far 
proceeding without her knowledge or " any means made for 
your mother's consent." When, two months later, Bedford 
regrets that Leicester's estate is not so well as some of his 
friends could wish, the Archduke Charles was in the field. 
Yet no answer was to be sent to Vienna by the Queen through 
Sackville, until the Earl returned to Court. Throgmorton 
warns him not to " wrap himself into the whole burden of the 
matter " by coming hastily. Possibly the service for which 
he was thanked by the Emperor in July, 1565, was the 
promotion of the suit of the Archduke. 

At any rate Leicester's influence with Elizabeth is shewn 
by the many letters requesting his intercession. Lady Mary 
Grey writes to him from Chekers to further her suit when she 
had made a secret marriage with Thomas Keys, the Queen's 
Serjeant-Porter, and Edward, Earl of Hertford, husband of 
Lady Catherine Grey, appeals to him as the " appointed 
means that shall gain our ' Prince's over long wanted favour.' ' 
Homesick Ambassadors, as Chaloner and Norreys, Lord Warden 
Francis Bedford, whose daughter married Ambrose Dudley, 
and Sir Henry Sidney, his brother-in-law, " dead already of 
very grief and toil in Ireland," think that Leicester can work 
their recall. Lord Hunsdon is a suitor through him to the 
Queen for the captaincy of Norham and even Francis 
Englefield, in disgrace at Antwerp, has hopes that Leicester 
may help him. John Hawkins, eager to intercept the Indies 
fleet in 1570, requires the Earl to borrow the Bonadventure 



Vlll 

and the Bull from the Queen, and George Nedham, the 
" discoverer of Emden," and thereby odious with the London- 
Antwerp traders, desires to be recommended to the Lord 
Treasurer to have in farm the cranes and new wharves in 
London, and gained his suit. Many who had advice to offer 
the Queen upon matters of state, as Sadler, Henry Killigrew, 
and Norreys made Leicester their channel of communication. 
To Sussex, as President of the North, he wrote, in 1569, or 
later, upon the wisest treatment of Mary, Queen of Scots, 
possibly having before him a paper (p. 166), endorsed "Sir W. 
Myld," bearing date Windsor, Oct. 26, 1569. 

In 1565 Leicester, with Egmont and the Countess di San 
Segondo, stood " gossip " to the daughter of Thomas 
Baroncelli, of Antwerp, the child being christened Elizabeth. 
He provided a christening cup, and Baroncelli, in return, is 
anxious to help him with commissions for her Majesty in the 
way of geldings and jerkins. In one of his own gifts 
Leicester was unfortunate. An adamant (diamond) sepulchre* 
which had been sent to Throgmorton appears to have 
miscarried. " The messenger is more grieved with the loss than 
you be" (Calendar, pp. 102, 103). By a later letter it would 
seem to have been recovered. 

In 1575 Henry Killigrew, in view of the Queen's intended 
visit to Kenil worth, writes to Leicester to commend an Italian 
artist in fireworks. A scheme for three evenings is suggested. 
The following paper is a " Remembrance for the Progress " to 
Kenil worth. 

In 1587 occurs Leicester's letter to Christopher Blount, 
Lieutenant of his Horse, written shortly before his departure 
to the Netherlands. He charges Lord Buckhurst with having 
exceeded his powers. The same volume contains an attested 
copy of his will. 

Whatever may have been his relations with Cecil at other 
times, in 1567 the latter writes : " Wishing myself to be with 
your Lordship at Burton." Again, the concluding 
paragraph of his letter of 1568, May 15, goes far to prove 
that he believed Leicester to be innocent in the matter of 
Amy Robsart. Of other friends, in 1566 George, Earl of 
Shrewsbury, writes from Wynfold that it would have been 
greatly to his comfort to have had Leicester with him, and 
no subject so welcome to him but Pembroke. Several letters 
prove that Leicester was a sportsman. Horses and riders come 
to him from abroad. John Casimir, of Saxony, " wished you 
this hunting time when he was at the death of 80 stags in one 
day, whereof one weighed 700/frs.," and Lord Hunsdon would 
hear how his hawks do, but thinks him so busied that he has 
small pleasure of them. 

* "A sepulchre" is also known to have been sent by Mary, Queen of Scots, 
to Bothwell. Mr. Andrew Lang, Mystery of Mary Stuart, p. 276, note,, explains 
this as "a ring in black enamel with representations of tears and bones, 
doubtless in white." 



IX 

As Chancellor of the University of Oxford, he accepts 
Dr. Kenall as his Commissary, being the choice of the 
University, and having required the University to take a 
survey of its statutes, receives a reply from the Senior 
Proctor. In 1569 in view of the Chancellor's intended visit, 
the Vice-Chancellor sends the exercises proposed. Leicester 
was to lodge in Christchurch, which College had, three years 
before, protested to him against bearing the whole charge 
of the Queen's repair to^ the University. 

Of Cambridge there is little mention. In 1569, however, 
Bishop Cox of Ely had " visited " St. John's College to settle 
controversies between the Master and Mr. Fulke, Fellow. 
From the College Records, edited by the present Master, it 
appears that Fulke was an extreme Low Churchman, but 
had not been punished for his disorders, the Master, Longworth, 
urging that he and others did it of conscience. Later, Elias 
Mead, Fellow, brought a charge of felony against Fulke before 
the Mayor, who declared it to the Vice-Chancellor. With 
this the Bishop declines to deal and wishes the " foul matter " 
referred to some of the discreet of the University (p. 165). 
From Professor Mayor's edition of Baker's history of the 
College it appears that Fulke was charged with celebrating 
marriages in Cambridge within the prohibited degrees of 
relationship. 

A pamphlet exists in the Cambridge University Library 
entitled " A vindication of the Jurie who in . . 1653 gave their 
verdict . . at Westminster against the inhabitants of 
Haddenham concerning Common which they pretended to 
have in a marsh called the Delffs and Ose Delffs " there. 
It is by Francis Taverner, owner of some pasture in 
Haddenham, and throws light upon the letter of the Dean 
and Prebends of Ely, calendared on p. 159. In 5 Elizabeth the 
Bishop of Ely, as ex officio Lord of the Manor, gave a lease 
of the land to the use of the inhabitants subject to their 
maintaining the banks, which protected the Isle of Ely against 
inundation. Six years later the Bishop demised the Delffs 
and Ose Delffs in reversion to Oliver, Lord St. John of Bletso 
for 21 years. Against this the Dean and Prebends protest 
to Leicester. They seem to have been unsuccessful for in 
20 Elizabeth Lord St. John, for 100 marks, granted the land to 
the use of all parishioners. The present Editor is indebted to 
Archdeacon Cunningham, of Ely, for notice of Taverner's 
pamphlet. 

From Elizabeth these Papers contain one letter only, 
calendared on p. 182, addressed in 1599 to the Earl of 
Pembroke. The son, to whom the Queen refers, may have 
been William, the Queen's Godson, then 19. If so, his 
" good beginnings " did not survive the attractions of 
Mary Fit-ton. It is noticeable that the concluding phrase, 
" with our best wishes to you both," is less modern than it 
might well be thought. 



To the Queen there is on p. 10 a letter of Richard, Lord 
Rich. He had no good reputation. He had deceived Bishop 
Fisher, and perjured himself at the trial of More. He had 
helped Somerset to obtain the attainder of his brother, but 
joined Warwick in overthrowing the Protector ; he had signed 
the proclamation of Lady Jane Grey, but declared for Mary 
in Essex. His only claim to respectability is the foundation 
of Felstead School. If it is safe to infer that the first part 
of the Papers came from Leicester's office, her Majesty may 
have passed on the ex-Lord Chancellor's letter to Dudley 
before the coolness between them which took place later in 
this year. The second letter to Elizabeth is the petition of 
the Archbishop of Armagh and the Bishop of Meath for an 
academy to be erected in Ireland. Then, p. 65 of the Calendar, 
we have a letter to the Queen from John Hawkins, and p. 173 
one from Hawkins to Leicester. On p. 73 is the appeal of the 
Duchess of Somerset on behalf of her son, Lord Hertford, 
the close of which might possibly have an effect opposite to 
the writer's wish. Elizabeth also received undated letters 
from Cecilia, Margravine of Baden, Princess of Sweden, and 
from Petrucchio Ubaldino, who could not collect enough of 
his countrymen to perform an Italian play. Two other 
letters to her are dealt with under the subject to which they 
refer. 

The letters referring to France commence with one from 
Henry Myddelmore, written three months after the assassi- 
nation of the Duke of Guise. Within another three months 
the Queen-Mother had united both parties in a common 
task, and Warwick surrendered at Havre in the last days 
of July. It was argued, not without justice, that the English 
occupation of that town cancelled the clause in the treaty 
of Cateau-Cambresis by which we were to recover Calais 
within eight years, or receive 500,000 crowns. Chaloner's 
letter of January 24, 1563-4, shows that he took this for 
granted. He had tried to minimize the effect of the loss of 
Havre at Madrid, but clearly realized the force required 
for the recovery of Calais and the dangers of war with France 
while we had no " faster hold " on Philip's amity. If France 
were aggressive in Flanders things would be different. But 
the " sinews of war " were wanting, and though Chaloner 
was hopeful of the result if his advice were taken, Elizabeth 
was so bent on peace that the French, writes Throgmorton 
to Dudley in April, said they had the peace in their hands 
to conclude it as they would. In July Hunsdon had taken 
the Garter to Charles IX, and Henry Killigrew, whom he 
left in Paris, is conveying to Leicester the desire of the King 
and Queen-Mother for his help in the preservation of this new 
league with England. 

In the same summer news came from Rome that the 
Dukes of Ferrara and Savoy were to meet the King and Queen- 
Mother at Lyons on their progress through the south of France. 



XI 



Ferrara had personal reasons for his journey [CaL, p. 27], 
Savoy wanted French help against the Calvinists, and 
had the support of the Pope, whom Catherine was glad to 
gratify as a set-off against the difficulty which had been 
made in France in accepting the Tridentine decrees. His 
Holiness at this time decided a question as to the precedency 
of the French and Spanish Ambassadors at his Court, in favour 
of the representative of France, whom he had reasons for 
gratifying even at the risk of alienating Philip. Smith at 
Tarascon in October hears of too much intelligence between 
Rome and Mary's party in Scotland and some at this Court. 

It is about this date that we find letters addressed to Benedetto 
Spinola. His name, if a digression may be pardoned, has a 
melancholy interest to the College to whom these papers 
belong. Thomas, Lord Audley, bequeathed to Magdalene, 
which he had revived after its collapse as Buckingham College, 
the garden of his house at Aldgate in the City of London, 
some seven acres. His will stipulated that the College should 
grant to no person a longer lease than 21 years. His motive 
was obvious the protection of the interests of posterity. 
But the College was advised, apparently by Cecil [S.P. Dom., 
1575, Jan. 26] to grant a lease in perpetuity to the Queen 
for 15Z. per annum. This lease the next generation tried in 
vain to upset, but the Courts decided that there was no violation 
of the will, the Queen not being a " person." She had disposed 
of the lease to Spinola, who was good enough to present the 
College with a silver seal, having sold the lease for 2,500/. 

Of the tour of Charles IX there is an account in a news- 
letter of October 17, which gives an amusing incident at 
Cavaillon, a Papal town in the Venaissin, and details of the 
festivities at Marseilles. The Queen-Mother went on to 
Bayonne to meet her daughter, the Queen of Spain, and Alva. 
From Toulouse Smith laments this diversion, " backward 
again from England," and Robert Huggins, who was in charge 
at Madrid after Chaloner's departure on March 2, writes that 
the marriage of Mary and Darnley roused fears in Philip's 
mind of a united England and Scotland, and thinks that the 
Catholic Kings would come together on this point. Philip 
was grumbling at the expense of his Queen's journey, and was 
annoyed at the second French expedition to Florida, which 
Coligny, the Raleigh of his day, had despatched, hoping that 
it might lead to war with Spain. Philip, however, chose 
to regard the expedition as the work of an individual only, 
and sent Melendes with 50 ships and orders to gibbet and 
behead all Frenchmen within those regions. The King of 
France had promised not to interfere, and the settlers were 
hung not as Frenchmen but as heretics. 

Philip indeed had too much on his hands to occupy him 
without picking a quarrel with France, for he had promised 
Genoa to care for Corsica as if it were his own, and John 
Andrea Doria and Pietro Corso were at close quarters there. 



xii 

Moreover, the Sultan, preparing for naval warfare in the 
Mediterranean, charged his Intelligence Department to watch 
Philip's provision for the seas (p. 53, below), and was 
encouraging Zapoyla, the Vaivode, against the Emperor, 
who was sending out all troops he could raise under Schwendi 
and Stephen Battorj, the future King .of Poland, Gastoldo 
being his Commander-in-Chief. The only support which 
France was likely to obtain was the hired Swiss. The Nether- 
lands were seething, and when Alva advanced against them 
by Burgundy and Lorraine the Swiss were to hedge him off 
France if necessary, but they drove a hard bargain with the 
French (p. 40, below), who were practically isolated. In France 
therefore, 1566 was to be a year of reconciliations, the Admiral, 
the Cardinal of Lorraine and Conde meeting at Moulins-sur- 
Allier, and the latter even resorting to the Cardinal's weekly 
sermons. The quarrel, writes Paget, 1566, Feb. 2, is no 
more for religion but for private injury betwixt the Cardinal 
and the Constable, the latter at heart detesting the Guises 
and the Italians at the Court, and the Admiral labouring to 
maintain the quarrel between the two Houses. Catherine, 
" sailing with a side-wind seeks to reach some haven before 
the storm grow greater , ' ' and is for pacification . The Cardinal as 
a spiritual man left the prosecution of his brother's death to 
others, and the Admiral denied all complicity with the murder. 

Elizabeth, at this time much troubled with Scotch affairs, 
had little consolation from Ireland. Nevertheless she was 
enjoying life, so much so indeed that reports of her levity 
of conduct, plainly worded indeed (p. 78, below), reached the 
Spanish Court, through the household of her late Maid of 
Honour, Jane Dormer, now Countess of Feria. Dr. Man, 
the new Ambassador there, was held of small account for 
his frugality, and tales were on foot as to his antecedents. 

Arundel was sent to the Diet at Augsburg in the same summer 
and one of his suite gives an account of his journey from 
Cologne onwards by the Rhine and Neckar, and on through 
Ulm, interspersed with notices of the religion practised in 
the towns along the route, and concluding with a description 
of the Service at which the Emperor was present at Augsburg 
and of an evening at his Court. 

After some hesitation whether to go in person, Philip 
despatched Alva to Italy for the Netherlands in March, 1567. 
In February begins the series of Sir Henry Norreys' letters. 
He seems to think that Philip would have gone himself, but 
for the preparations of the Sultan, who was more to be 
feared than ever after his attack on Malta, of which these 
papers contain two accounts. Norreys remarks that the 
Protestants in the Netherlands want the aid of some of 
the noblemen there " who begin to pluck their heads out of 
the collar." 

On the news of the murder of Darnley, Thomas Barnaby 
at Paris prays that " the tragedy may have no more acts but 



Xlll 

one," and adds that the Emperor, though secretly assured of 
peace with the Sultan, is trying to raise money for a worse 
end. The government of the Queen-Mother is unpopular 
even with the Papists. She will " rather turn Totnam French 
and become Protestant another while than sit beside the 
saddle." 

In March Norreys writes of a meeting of all the Huguenot 
leaders and that the old quarrel is likely to re-kindle. Schemes 
were already in the air for bringing Prince James to France. 
Elizabeth had renewed her demand for Calais, and Norreys 
was of opinion that if the Emperor, being at peace with Turkey, 
at this juncture demanded Metz, Toul and Verdun, she too 
would be successful. The Queen-Mother therefore tried to 
arrange a double marriage alliance with Maximilian his eldest 
son to marry Princess Marguerite, and Charles IX to marry 
the Emperor's second daughter. On the other hand Conde 
was urgent that Spain should not be allowed to annex Genoa. 
If this were prevented, Philip would be drawn towards 
Elizabeth, and the Protestants have a better chance. Mary's 
marriage to Both well, and a report that she was with child 
by him, made the French still more eager to secure the 
person of Prince James. 

At this time came the first of Norreys' grievances against 
the Court, the arrest of Barnaby for a small debt, which the 
Ambassador had offered to discharge. He was released upon 
an application to the King, and Norreys immediately writes of 
the King's intention to deliver Mary, then captive at Edinburgh, 
and to get James into his hands " by hoke or croke." Moray 
was summoned to Orleans and received various " gratifications " 
with this in view. " Merchant ships under colour of a voyage 
shall do the deed." The Pope, to set France and Spain by 
the ears, had made over Avignon to Philip. Elizabeth had 
therefore many ways to " make her profit," but in France she 
was suspect, as Imperial and Spanish. "Now would a hot 
minister do good service, but we are too full of moderation." 
A fortnight later Conde, learning that the Constableship, 
when vacant, was not to be filled, left the Court in great anger, 
although the Queen-Mother tried to atone for the rebuff by 
special cordiality to the Admiral and d'Andelot. Philip had 
satisfied the Court that his sole object was the Netherlands, 
and designs on the Protestants once more filled the minds of 
the Court. At this point comes in an important paper in 
the shape of an account of the interview between Zulega, 
Envoy of the Elector Palatine, and the Catholic party with 
L'Hopital, the politique Chancellor. Zulega saw Conde also, 
who dilated on the grievances of the Religion, and admitting 
that it was at his suggestion that the Swiss had been summoned 
at the time of Alva's march, asserted that they were now 
brought to the Court to be used against the Huguenots. 

Before Norreys wrote again on January 29, 1568, the 
Constable had fallen at St. Denis, and the Huguenots had 



XIV 

moved eastward to join the force from Germany. Dr. Man 
soon reports from Madrid that Philip was urged to make 
peace with the Turk and crush the Protestants in England, 
and that he had warned Charles IX to make no terms with 
the Huguenots. Things were proceeding to extremities in 
France. Norreys in April doubts the continuance of the 
Peace, and is anxious to know the truth of a report that 
Leicester, Bedford, Cobham and Throgmorton had levied 
60,000 crowns to aid Conde and Coligny, and whether this 
had been done with Elizabeth's knowledge. In May Mary 
had escaped from Lochleven only to meet defeat at Langside, 
John Wood sending to Throgmorton a long list of prisoners. 
Elizabeth had left the Lords of Scotland without answer 
as to the delivery of Mary from Both well, the preservation 
of the Prince and the pursuit of the murder. At Langside 
they settled two of these questions for themselves. On August 1 
Sir Francis Knollys at Bolton Castle writes to explain what 
had been done there for Mary's comfort. He had tried 
one of his own horses with a woman's saddle for the Scottish 
Queen, and had provided a litter in case of need. 

Meantime the Marshal Montmorency, now Duke, had 
summoned Norreys to a meeting with a view to alliance with 
Elizabeth. The Court party wished to know whether she 
intended to marry ; he was, as was his father, hostile to the 
Cardinal of Lorraine, and warned Norreys of the passage of 
letters from the Queen of Scots to the Guises. Captain 
Coqueville, disavowed by Conde, had made a raid into Picardy, 
only to be captured by de Cosse and executed at Abbeville. 

The Cardinal sent Italians into England to work treason 
to Elizabeth. It was hoped that Conde and the Admiral 
might be seized in Burgundy, in spite of the Treaty of 
Longjumeau. They effected their escape to Rochelle, a 
far better stronghold than Orleans. Here Coligny fitted out 
the fleet which kept open communication with England, 
and brought munition, for which he paid. On this comes 
Octavian Fregoso on the scene with galleys from Marseilles, 
Bordeaux and Nantes, which put Norreys in fear of an attempt 
upon Scotland. At any rate Chatelherault was to go there, 
and Norreys notes the failure of an attempt on the part of 
Elizabeth to stop him by negociation. 

In June Egmont and Horn had been executed, a blunder 
which the Emperor failed to justify to the indignant Elector 
Palatine, and William of Orange had been checked on one 
of his lines of attack' by the defeat of Lewis of Nassau at 
Jemmingen. It was reported to Norreys that Lewis was drowned, 
the boat in which he had escaped having been found adrift. 
By September William was ready to advance, and these Papers 
include a list of his horsemen and their commanders. The 
result was a Court promise to Conde that the Edict should 
be observed, and the Queen-Mother, says Norreys, " for- 
thinketh herself to have given so attentive ear to the Cardinal 



XV 

of Lorraine." Orange advanced into Brabant (p. 135, below), 
but December 5 found him still on the French frontier awaiting 
Deux -Fonts. Charles tried to bribe him to withdraw. 

In November Anjou and the Admiral had been fencing in 
Poitou, and on p. 138 is an account of a stratagem on the 
part of Martigues. 

At the end of December Conde writes from Poitou to Leicester 
to assure the Queen of his gratitude, promising to relate his 
successes through Odet de Chatillon, who had escaped to 
England. Orange was then on his way to join Coligny, havimg 
crossed the Marne on the 22nd. The King on January 15 
was at Chateau Thierry on the Marne, intending for either 
Troyes or Chalons-sur-Marne, and such was the fear of Deux- 
Ponts' advance that Philip and the Guises were ready to 
sacrifice Metz to stay the Germans. Early in March the 
Court was at Metz and Conde at Niort. Norreys' position 
was becoming more strained, his correspondence being inter- 
cepted. Now, wrote Sir Ralph Sadler, to Leicester was 
Elizabeth's opportunity. She should aid Conde and Orange 
with money, and where she gives or lends a pound, her enemies' 
own people will spend ten of their own. If she does it with 
a pure conscience, God will give her strength. 

Deux-Ponts, by Montbeliard in Franche Comte, was making 
his way to the Loire, but not to join Conde, as Henry Killigrew 
hoped, for the day of Jarnac had come, and with it had 
passed the possibility of a league between Conde and England 
which would have resulted in the alliance between France 
and Spain. John Casimir was hanging back waiting for 
money from England, which never came, but Deux-Ponts 
reached La Charite on the Loire on May 10, his force 
joining the Admiral on June 23, but his death by press of 
wine taken the first night at supper in the Queen of Navarre's 
tent was known to Norreys at Orleans on the 19th. By 
July 8 the Huguenot army is by famine and sickness so scattered 
as to be useless. The Duke of Orleans, however, had left 
the King so small a guard at Orleans that Norreys thought 
Charles might find it hard to reach Paris. Yet Norreys saw the 
danger to his mistress if the Catholics swept the board (letter 
of August 28). But in September the Admiral, raising the 
siege of Poitiers, advanced upon Chatelherault, on which the 
Duke relaxed his hold. Norreys writes his last letter on 
September 23, 1570, from Paris, nearly a year after the disaster 
at Moncontour, of which these Papers contain no account. 
Peace had been signed at St. Germains on August 8. " The 
credit of Monsieur increases so fast as the King may repent 
it." Some of the German Bishops, he remarks, would gladly 
shake off the Pope's yoke in consequence of a new oath of 
allegiance required at their confirmation. 

Two letters of John Hawkins have been already named, 
the first announces to Elizabeth his return in her Majesty's 
ship Jesus on September 20, 1565, when he had in obedience 



XVI 



to her command " been a help to all Spaniards and Portyngals," 
to the second reference has been already made. It was in 
his expedition of 1567 that he was attacked at S. Jean de Lua. 
The result is described in Edward Horsey's letter of 
December 20, 1568, which gives a full account of the Queen's 
seizure of Spanish gold at Southampton. The act was illegal 
and the means unworthy of an Elizabethan official. The 
Papers include one letter on naval affairs, dated Chatham, 
August 27, 1569. In spite of the press, " the ships want of 
their appointed numbers." 

The name of the Scottish Queen first appears in an entertaining 
account from Randolph to Dudley (1563-4, January 15) of 
Twelfth day at her Court. The bean fell to fair Fleming, 
and " two worthy Queens possess without envy one kingdom 
both upon a day." The real Queen was in white and black, 
" no other jewel or gold about her that day but the ring I 
brought her from the Queen's Majesty hanging at her breast." 
Randolph, who was then 40, was drawn into the dance by the 
" old Queen "*[? Mary], and thought that Dudley would have 
been much fitter for the purpose, " with somewhat else of 
greater felicity, if I knew how to frame [? word] it unto my 
desire." Let her Majesty, he continues, " do against France 
what she likes. Scotland shall remain hers." Lord Warwick 
had just been made President of York, and Francis, Earl of 
Bedford, soon to become his father-in-law, was at Berwick, 
whence come his letters to Dudley, urgent for the fortification 
of that post. In October, 1565, Moray is on the point of 
flight to England, the aid sent to him under Captain Reade 
remaining at Carlisle till time came to employ it, but " the 
same is no force to the purpose." Moray becomes more 
despairing, and Bedford, protesting against Sussex being 
sent over his head to the Lords of the Congregation, begs 
in vain for definite orders from London. Mary was " viewing 
Eyemouth " and had designs on Kelso. In December the 
rift between her and Darnley had begun, " he on his pastime 
on the other side of the water on hunting." By Christmas 
Moray was at Newcastle, hoping that Elizabeth's commis- 
sioners might do him some good. A chest containing 2,OOOZ., 
thought to have been brought by Yaxley, in Spanish gold was 
cast ashore from a wreck off Northumberland. The Earl of 
Northumberland secured it, though the Berwick garrison 
had seen no pay for eighteen months. Bedford had suspicions 
of Melvill's practices with Papists in London. By the end 
of April the marriage with Bothwell was known in London, 
and the Earl of Lennox in Scotland, feared his own destruction 
and that of the young Prince, the " parricide having the guard 
of the Son," but not even Throgmorton seemed to realize 
that Mary had staggered all Catholic Europe. Elizabeth, 
however, gave no comfort to them that would pursue the 
murderers of the King. At this stage Mary, who could not 
induce Bothwell to go to Mass, re-established the law of 



XV11 

oblivion for the Protestant party made before she left France. 
The competition for the possession of Prince James had begun 
(p. 104, below), but Elizabeth made no sign. In December, 
1568, the Scotch Lords were in London in increased numbers, 
and Lindsay and Herries were at daggers drawn, while the 
Bishop of Ross writes a criticism of the proposal for a joint 
Regentship. By the end of the year relations with Spain 
were becoming strained. Apart from the seizure of the gold 
at Southampton, named above, Philip had refused to allow 
the English Ambassador to read the Prayer Book in his own 
chapel at Madrid, and Alva, beginning to see daylight in 
Flanders, was urging invasion of England. Don Guerau's 
idea that the fall of Cecil, and consequent reversal of his 
policy, was imminent, and Philip's fear that France might 
sink religious questions if she only secured England's support 
against Spain, kept that King quiet. Yet relying on support 
from this quarter the English Catholics became active, with 
the result that the Earl of Shrewsbury writes from Tutbury 
that the Queen of Scots coming to his charge will " make 
me soon gray-headed." His Countess (Bess of Hardwicke) 
found her house unready for the Scottish Queen " coming at 
sudden," but rather than not answer the trust reposed in 
her, she " will lack furniture of lodging " for herself. Later, 
as has been already said, English statesmen are conscious 
of Elizabeth's difficulties in dealing with Mary, while the 
latter (p. 177, below) will refuse nothing within her power for 
her " sister's reasonable satisfaction." There is no further 
mention of the Scottish Queen. 

From Ireland the first letter is that of Shane O'Neill to 
Dudley of February 29, 1563-4. The Queen, contrary to the 
advice of Sussex, was disposed to make the best of Shane, but 
she would not go so far as Cusack, from whose articles of 
November 18, 1563, she struck out the article non est habendum 
pro violatione pads si non accedat personaliter ad gubernatorem 
Between Shane and Dudley an intimacy had existed since 
the former's visit to England. Later in the year Cusack 
suggests economies in the administration ; captains and 
soldiers have lands and wages in Leix and Offaly ; 3,000/. 
may be saved if they are docked of wages, but the Conors and 
Mores are not yet brought to order, nor is it certain that 
Desmond will keep his promise. In November Ormond writes 
to Leicester complaining of Desmond. (The two Lords 
fought at Affane, Desmond being wounded, and both were 
summoned to the Queen's presence.) Since the beginning 
of 1561 the Pope had had a mission in Ireland, and in 1564 
by a Bull, Dum exquisita, he authorised the establishment of 
Catholic Colleges ; this move was met by the petition of the 
Irish Primate and Bishop Brady, referred to on p. 43, to the 
Queen. They had the support of Leicester and Cecil. 

A letter from Cusack, probably of June, 1565, shows 
indignation at the continuance of the quarrel between Ormond 

6 



XVI 11 



and Desmond, and satisfaction with O 'Neil's work against 
the Scots ; of the Earls the offender must suffer some smart, 
and Shane must be persuaded, by the Dean of Armagh, not 
to release his prisoners, James McDonell and Sorley Boy. 
Like Cusack's other letter it is far too optimistic. But by this 
time the Queen was hardening her heart and beginning to unloose 
her purse-strings, and Sidney was sent over. Her deter- 
mination must have been confirmed by a shrewd letter, dated 
May 24, 1566, from Lancaster, formerly Bishop of Kildare, 
who succeeded Loftus as Primate when the latter was trans- 
lated to Dublin. To deal with Shane, whose proceedings 
he fully describes, would cost treasure for the moment, but 
" the time serves for the same, for the very robbers of your 
crown are desirous to be ordered by the Deputy there." He 
reminds her Majesty " what the omitting of time has lost your 
predecessors in Gascony, Gyan, Normandy and Ange de Maine. 
I need not put you in mind of later losses." On September 5 
Sidney addresses his brother-in-law Leicester from Drogheda, 
being obliged to write his own letters : " Pardon my shaking 
hand. I fear I am entered with a palsy." He knew that 
he was " slandered " by the party opposed to Leicester, 
by his predecessor and by Ormond. Of the latter he certainly 
wrote that Desmond had not done " a groat's worth of harm " 
in his lands. He had not intended that a letter from Nicholas 
Whyte, Seneschal of Wexford, which he had enclosed to 
Leicester, should be seen by Ormond, whose countries were 
" never richer." He had paid certain money, due by the 
Queen, to a servant of Sussex, who had had no receipt from 
his master. (Winter fighting was advisable, and it had been 
decided to have an outpost in North Ulster.) 1,000 men were 
to come (under Colonel Randolph) from Berwick, London, 
and the West. Only the former had arrived. Money must 
be sent over, or all is " lost that is spent, or hoped to be gained. 
I can be but in one place at once. I would I were at Jerusalem 
to be out of this place." Yet he has a word as to a love affair 
of his nephew, Harrington, and is not forgetful of Leicester's 
man, Pet. He denies that his men had stampeded upon the 
reported approach of O'Neil. This Harrington was Henry, 
second son of Sir James, who had married Sidney's sister, 
Lucy. He did not " marry Windsor." He may be the 
Mr. Harrington of Man's letter to Leicester of April 4, 1568. 

The next reference to Ireland is in a letter of August 1, 1568, 
from Sir Francis Knollys to Leicester. Knollys had been 
sent to Ireland to keep an eye on Sidney, but was now back 
and at Bolton in charge of Mary. He reports a statement 
made by a servant of Sidney's who had been in Scotland to 
buy wine for his master. Alexander McDonnell and Sorley 
Boy had agreed to make an attempt to recover their Ulster 
land ; the latter, aged and broken by his imprisonment at 
the hand of Shane, was to stay in Cantire, while his brother 
crossed with 800 men. When they came to details, the 



XIX 

agreement broke down. One McAlester had, however, crossed 
with 400 men. In or about 1569 is dated a letter to the Queen 
from Owen, brother to Sir Donogh O'Connor of Sligo. The 
latter, who had received a present from the Queen, required 
Owen, who was at Oxford, to return to Ireland. He does not 
wish to leave the University entirely. This is the last mention 
of Ireland in Elizabeth's reign. 

From Spain Chaloner's letters contain little news of 
importance. Before the arrival of his successor, Huggins, 
who was in charge at Madrid, writes of Philip's vexation at 
Coligny's attempt upon Florida, and of Feria's goodwill to the 
English. William Burlace had been sent to Milan. Later 
there was reconciliation between the Pope and Philip in view 
of the Turkish preparations. In March, 1565-6, Huggins is 
writing contemptuously of Man, who in the following December 
complains of the countenance given by Philip and Feria to 
Englefield, and of the reluctance of the Cortes to vote money. 
Three months later Philip's departure to the Netherlands was 
delayed by the loss of 29 provision-ships off " Malaca," and 
his beloved Queen was four months , gone with child. In the 
summer of 1567 comes, by way of Paris, a bruit of a joint 
invasion of France by Philip, the Emperor and the Pope, 
who was said to have given Avignon to Philip to set him and 
France by the ears. A year later Man has signified to Ruy 
Gomez, who was of the anti-Alva party, the sympathy of 
Leicester with Englefield, which was not worth much in the 
face of Elizabeth's continued wrath at his treason at Namur 
four years before. The Ambassador, himself a cleric, was 
complaining of Philip's prohibition of Protestant service in 
his house, and of his encouragement of Burlace against 
Arundel. Restitution to the King of Poland of his mother's 
Duchy of Bari was demanded. Don Carlos was in prison. 
Philip was planning an Algerian expedition, but the Turk 
had come to terms with Ferdinand and with Persia. In 
Vol. II of the Collection, p. 445, is John Evelyn's list of the 
ships, armament and personnel of the Armada. 

Of the Empire the first allusion is to the impecuniosity of 
Ferdinand in 1561 (p. 4). His death was not at once officially 
notified to Elizabeth, but his " obsequies " were performed 
by her at a cost of 12,000 crowns for decorations, alms and 
banquets, "as is the custom there." His successor soon had 
to arm against Zapoyla, Vaivode of Transylvania, Sigismund 
of Poland offering to mediate. Toccar [? Tokay] and Terentsch 
fell to the Emperor early in 1565. The Imperial Ambassador 
to the Pope about this time is requesting that his master 
may be allowed to sanction the marriage of priests, license 
for the administration of both kinds in the Sacrament having 
been already granted. Maximilian's appearance at the Diet 
at Augsburg in 1566 has been already named. The further 
course of his war against Zapoyla and his relations with the 
Sultan are given in Barnaby's letter of March 1, 1566-7, 



XX 



while Norreys on the 10th refers to the case of Culemburg 
and the Bishop of Wurtzburg. In June Maximilian labours 
for a truce with the Turk, who insisted on a continuance of 
his tribute, and supported Zapoyla's claims. He is also 
trying to annex the Empire to his House. Further 
negotiations with the Sultan are named by Norreys on 
July 16. The marriage of Philip to Anne of Austria is first 
named by the same writer on June 30, 1569. 

The Elizabethan section of the Collection contains many 
advices from Italy, and a letter, probably from Guido 
Gavalcanti, strongly urges the renewal of diplomatic rela- 
tions between England and Venice, which had ceased in 
1537. In Rome Benedetto Spinola had a correspondent. 
Thus we learn much of the movements of Colonna and John 
Andrea Doria and their galleys, of the marriage of Colonna's son 
into the family of the Borromei, and of the question of 
precedence between the French and Spanish ambassadors 
at Rome, which was the counterpart of a dispute at the 
revived Council of Trent. Ferrabosco, a rider in the service of 
one of the Farnese Cardinals, was being tempted over to 
England, and a Bolognese lady was invited to Elizabeth's 
household. Pius IV presents to the Seigneurie of Venice 
the palace begun by his Venetian predecessor, Paul II, but 
it was hoped that the Venetians would allow the Popes to 
occupy it in summer. Economies were being enforced and 
Borromeo was setting an example in the matter. Portugal 
is granted, letter of December 2, 1564, an extension of time 
in the enforcement of the Inquisition, at the discretion of the 
Cardinal Infante, later Henry I. From Venice comes a 
story (p. 41, below) of a pretender at Constantinople, and 
in the next paper of an attempt to assassinate the Pope, 
and later of the punishment of the conspirators. Snowballing 
is reported from Genoa in January, 1564-5, and a case of 
wife-murder from Milan. The matter of the Archbishop of 
Toledo comes up soon after. Letters from Italy cease with 
the death of Pius IV, but there is in Vol. II, p. 339, a fine 
plan of the Battle of Lepanto, bearing the crest of Gregory III, 
and dated 1572. 

Of events in Flanders covered by these Papers an account 
has been given above. But with regard to trade with that country 
and with Holland Herrle's letter from Hamburg of August 17, 
1561, is of some importance. Instructed to deny the rumour 
that Elizabeth had been encouraging pirates and sending 
arms to Russia, which last was unlikely on the face of it, 
he came upon one Georgesson, or Yorgessen, who had boasted 
of having evaded the Queen's Customs. Herrle suggests 
corruption in this department. At Bremen he complained 
of excessive duty levied upon the Queen's importations of 
arms, which was denied. He justified her attempts to trade 
with Russia as due to a desire to explore the North Sea ; 
the results might be the same to other nations as the voyages 



XXI 

of Gama and Magellan. If she were successful, Bremen 
would be a sure harbour midway and would benefit thereby. 
At Hamburg he refers to a mysterious business, a knowledge 
of which might alienate Denmark. Gresham he describes as 
jealous lest in service [business] he be prevented, and 
suspicious. Of him and some business of his, Herrle thinks 
it safer to write in cipher. In the spring of 1564 comes a 
long letter from John Shers, who had been sent to the Lady 
Regent on the matter of the Intercourse. Mindful of a 
suggestion from Cecil he had a conversation with the Prince 
of Orange, who saw difficulties in the injury done to the Lady 
Regent's subjects. Egmont was more encouraging, attri- 
buting Margaret's reluctance to Cardinal Granvelle. Viglius 
dwelt upon their grievances, the damages amounting to almost 
two millions of gold. He did not seem to believe that our 
merchants would forsake Antwerp in favour of Emden. 
Egmont had advised Herrle to be stout with the Regent ; 
he took the hint and opened his final interview by announcing 
his recall to England. In the end she went so far as to say 
that she would want in no part of duty to maintain the love 
and amity between Elizabeth and Philip. Two months later 
follows a very promising account from George Nedham of 
the possibilities of Emden, which, according to him, was a 
Utopia ; " for quietness and honest living here is a heaven." 
Neighbouring magnates would make things easy for our 
traders, the Bishop of Miinster promising to grave out a river 
from his capital to Emden, of which port Nedham enclosed 
a chart. In December a writer, probably Shers, discourses 
on " the traffic of Emden and Antwerp." He leans to the 
former, but suggests that the Emden people had selfish motives, 
and had not provided for the dyeing and dressing of our cloth, 
though a marginal note claims that this was now done as 
well in England as anywhere. He answers the criticism of 
those who argued that peaceful trading was likely to induce 
neglect of the Navy ; trade to more distant places would 
follow and be better means to maintain good shipping than 
these two-day voyages twice a year where every pedlar may 
practise. He points to Flanders as an instance of a country 
where goodly and beautiful towns were maintained by foreign 
commodities. And England has of her own store more than 
Flanders could purchase of others. Probably to the same year 
may be assigned " Instructions for the Commissioners 
concerning Emden." They state the requirements of the 
merchants at the hand of the Count of East Friesland. In 
May, 1565, Nicholas Wotton writes from Bruges of her 
Majesty's demands as to poundage, while Shers says that the 
Antwerp merchants wish to break the Intercourse, and abolish 
the favoured nation system. This might suit the nation at 
large, but would be resisted by the Merchants Adventurers. 
He cautiously is against a change until we see our way ; 
repentance would be dearly bought. 



XX11 

Lord Montague, writing a fortnight later from Bruges, after 
a long talk with D'Assonville, is more hopeful of concessions, 
for the latter admitted that it was not the time for Princes to 
" depart with things of profit." Later in the year there was 
scarcity at Antwerp, and George Gilpin expresses the hope 
of the magistrates there that Elizabeth would allow corn to 
be exported thither from England. A year having passed 
since his previous letter, Montague sees " no likelihood of 
agreement in this our wearisome service." 

Of the Russian Company's treatment of its factors we 
read in Christopher Hoddesdon's letter (p. 143, below). 

Two papers refer to the Vintners' Company, and we learn 
(p. 95, below) that Queen Mary, to save the wood of the realm 
by the use of foreign wine-casks, had extended the monopoly 
of the Company for 10 years. In November, 1566, the 
House of Commons listened favourably to the Company's 
petition, questions ministered by Cecil having been satis- 
factorily answered, and an inspeximus was granted to them 
in 1567. An unsigned and undated paper refers to the rent 
which might be raised by pressure on the farmers of the import 
duties on wine at certain ports (p. 190, below), and are to be 
found at the end of the Elizabethan papers (pp. 190-192, below). 
Papers on the export of cloth, four times yearly at the most, 
with a petition from the townsmen of Lynn that they may farm 
the customs themselves, and also be relieved of the restriction 
as to export in English bottoms, with a somewhat similar 
petition from Bristol, supported by arguments. An undated 
paper of the Italian merchants in London praying to be allowed 
to continue to export cloth and other commodities is in Vol. II 
of the Collection (p. 591). 

On pp. 187 sq. below is given a declaration of the fees and 
annuitiefe, pensions, rents resolute, and the expenses at the 
Honour and Castle of Windsor. It is undated but is endorsed, 
Temp. Eliz. R. It is of interest as showing the extent of the 
Royal Forest, and the expenses thereof, including the swanmote, 
the making and carriage of the Constable's wood, and for the 
inclusion of such Parks as Easthampstead and Langley, and 
for the mention of such places as Folly John and Upton, 
now Slough, and of the Bishop of Salisbury, in whose diocese 
Berkshire once lay. (Wiltshire Farm, near Wokingham, Berks, 
may derive its name from this fact.) 

On the sanitation of London Alessandro Riccardy writes 
in Italian a paper much in advance of the times. He would 
have sink-water pass through underground channels to the 
river, estimating the cost of channels from houses to street 
at lOd. per rod, and that of the street channels, which are to 
be 18 inches wide, at 28d., taking the cost of bricks to be two 
ducats per thousand. Connections from houses to streets 
is to be paid by the master of the house contributing to the 
Chamber of the Commonalty of London, or the latter should 
borrow at 15 per cent, and assess the householders. The 



xxm 

channels are to be flushed every summer. An adequate 
flow of water is to be kept up in mill ditches, a sluice is to 
control the flow of water into the ditch below the mill ; this 
ditch to be cleansed every five years and kept in repair by 
the millers. As to the Fleet, which has three bridges, if the 
houses on the ditch have sufficiently deep foundations, a 
sufficient head of water as far as the third bridge is to be 
secured by a lock, or as an alternative the ditch should be 
deepened and cleaned. He would, however, allow this ditch 
and, of course, the Thames to serve as sewers. From his 
knowledge of Italy he recommends public slaughterhouses, 
and from Antwerp he borrows the idea of public dust carts 
for house refuse. 

Four letters, calendared on pp. 182, 183, refer to a search 
for Jesuits made by Sir Francis Knollys, the younger, at the 
house of Francis Parkins, or Perkins, at Upton, Berks, on 
the night of July 17, 1599. Miss A. Mary Sharp in her history 
of Ufton Court supplements these papers by quotations from 
Exchequer Depositions, 6 James I, Easter, Berks. Parkins 
himself was absent, but the informer Gayler found a secret 
place wherein were two chests containing bags of gold and 
plate, a note of which was taken in an adjoining room in the 
presence of one of the family. Knollys removed the gold and 
plate to his house at Reading. The family then induced 
one Peter Beaconsawes to assert that in the secret place 
was a bag containing 1511. 16s. Id. belonging to him. He 
brought an action of trespass against Knollys and his servant 
Cray, in the Court of Common Pleas, and was awarded 900/. 
damages and 201. costs. In the meantime Knollys exhibited 
a biU of complaint against Beaconsawe in the Court of 
Exchequer. On his evidence the Court issued an injunction 
to stay Beaconsawe's proceedings, and in 1609 the Lord 
Chancellor and Barons of the Exchequer decided against 
the latter's claim. Vachell's claim comes to light for the first 
time in Lord Buckhurst's letter (p. 183). Sir Thomas Vachell, 
Knight, and Sir Francis Knollys were justices for the county 
in 1625. [Diary of the Beading Corporation, edited by 
Rev. J. M. Guilding, Vol. II, p. 245.] 

Of legal matters there is little mention. Onslow, Solicitor- 
General, writes to Leicester, May 8, 1568, on the proposal 
to carry on the Chancellorship of the Duchy of Lancaster 
by Commission, for which he could find no precedent. He 
had consulted Lord Justice Carus. From the latter and his 
colleague on circuit, Edward Saunders, is a letter justifying 
their postponement of a Monmouth murder case at the end 
of 1564. 

Medicine is not mentioned, but Nicholas Wotton contem- 
plates taking the waters at Aix-la-Chapelle to find relief for 
his present catarrh and for his gout and other diseases, and 
Cecil wishes himself at " Stamford where I am informed this 
May [1567] to grow a sovereign medicine for my gout." Plague 



XXIV 



is often mentioned in France and Italy [see index], and Bishop 
Home of Winchester in June, 1569, is anxious to prevent, 
on grounds of sickness feared to be plague, the Queen's progress 
into Hampshire, even at the risk of being suspected to be 
exaggerating the scare " to save his own charges." 

As to Englishmen's knowledge of Continental languages, Throg- 
morton, April 14, 1564, insists that if Dudley comes to Troyes, 
his gentlemen should speak French or Italian. Lord Montague 
was unable to have full discourse with Montigny at Bruges 
" for want of speech." Mr. Thomas Mildmay, bearer of 
Killigrew's letter of May 26, 1569, hath the French tongue 
as well and natural as if he were born in France. 

To painting there are several allusions. Mary, Queen of 
Scots, closes a discussion between some of her Court as to 
whether a portrait of Elizabeth, seen at a merchant's house 
at Edinburgh, was a good likeness of the Queen of England, 
by saying that it is not like her, for " I am Queen of England." 
A Florentine painter comes from Antwerp (p. 44, below) to 
take service with Leicester, to whom the Countess of San 
Segondo sends her portrait. He also receives portraits of 
Elizabeth, of Charles IX and two of himself, the work of one 
du Court, attached to the French Court. He imports armour 
and an armourer from Flanders. As to music Chaloner 
recommends a lute player, Fabricio Denti, who also sang in 
falsetto after the Neapolitan fashion. Luys, his father, had 
been offered 1,000 crowns yearly by Henry VIII. As to 
furniture, Sir Francis Knollys and the Countess of Shrewsbury 
both make a great point of the Scottish Queen's apartments 
being furnished with hangings, while we find Elizabeth 
bargaining for the purchase of furniture from the late Post- 
master, probably Sir John Mason, who had been in Brussels. 
Madame d'Egmont is writing to Leicester to bring the pieces 
before her Majesty. 

Of family matters, Sir William Dormer writes to Leicester 
in January, 1568-9, that he purposes to lay the allegations 
against his daughter Anne, wife of Walter Hungerford, second 
Baron, before the Court, and, she once cleared, to bring the 
whole matter into the Star Chamber to have redress for the 
slanders. The lady was charged with an attempt to poison 
her husband in 1564, and with adultery with William Darrell 
between 1560 and 1568. She cleared herself, and her husband, 
failing to pay costs, was sent to the Fleet. The Duchess of 
Feria was her sister. Lady Katharyne Barkeley was a suitor 
to Leicester for a relation of her husband's. Her cousin 
George had already been supported by the Earl. An allusion 
to the Earl of Warwick fixes the date as prior to 1590, when 
that Earl died. 

Of foreign visitors, Cecilia, Marchioness of Baden, and her 
husband must have been troublesome. For some time, as 
has been already mentioned, the lady occupied Lord Bedford's 
house. Her husband writes to thank Leicester for some 



XXV 

kindness to his wife and son. In April, 1566, the Marquis 
himself was arrested at Rochester for some mistake about 
a horse. In consequence he was returning home without 
seeing Leicester, from whom he asks the gift of an English 
horse for his journey. He offers a German one in return. 
Odet, Cardinal of Chatillon, broke his journey to London, 
in September, 1568, at Canterbury, " none of his company 
being of estimation but one that is a Dean." In the following 
May, he was expected to accompany Leicester to Oxford, 
and both were to lodge in Christchurch. 

STUART PAPERS. 

Included herein is a schedule of 401 letters taken at Worcester, 
abstracted by a clerk who is sometimes inaccurate, and a 
" Breviat " of 79 letters brought from Jersey, and reported 
to the Council of State on April 16, 1651. 

The first important item is an " Acte " of the Admiralty 
at Dieppe concerning the ships James and Benediction of 
London, brought into that port by a captain in the French 
navy in 1629. As there are so many allusions in this part of 
the Collection to Prizes and Prize law, it seems best to mention 
them at once. A long paper of [?] 1635 gives the Remon- 
strances of Charles I on the rigour of the Ordonnances of the 
Marine of France. Those of Charles VI (1400); of Francis I 
(1517 and 1543), and of Henry III (1584) are dealt with, article 
by article. A great point is made of the fact that officials, 
including the receivers of the High Admiral, have an interest 
in privateers. Again, if a single enemy, or single article 
belonging to an enemy, were found in a neutral ship, that 
ship was lawful prize, whereas Spain only seized the goods. 
French laws against piracy are not enforced in France. Many 
French ships sail, it is asserted, under a plain white flag, 
without the lilies. Attack by such a ship ought to justify 
resistance. English ships have been adjudged good prize 
for firing a shot to salute a man-of-war. English prisoners 
in a French port are kept so close that they can get no 
assistance by way of advice or money. Their case is dealt 
with by the Conseil de Marine at Paris without their being 
heard. On the other hand in 1645 the Royalists had seized 
a Dutch ship. In 1647 the ship Pelican and her cargo, from 
Amsterdam to London, is taken by Captain Errington, the 
owners and consignees being English. She is declared lawful 
prize by Dr. Registrary Hart, who gives a similar decision 
in the case of a dogger boat of London, which had taken on 
board at St. Valery-en-Caux cloth and corn belonging to her 
English owner ; the cloth, it was argued, was canvas used 
for making cartridges. Some of Hart's decisions may have 
been unacceptable at any rate in January, 1649, in fear 
of being directed to proceed to sea, he had " cause of conjecture" 
that his place as Judge of the Admiralty would be disposed 
of to other men's hands. Some of the captains of the Royalist 



XXVI 

Fleet are instructed not to take prizes (pp. 209 and 249, below). 
In other cases seizures are limited to vessels which can supply 
the Fleet with necessaries. In July, 1648, the Prince in the 
Downs was staying all ships belonging to Englishmen, and 
in particular the Damsel of London for Middelburg with cloth, 
but bulk was not to be broken, and goods belonging to the States 
were not to be damnified. At the same date the Governor of 
Scarborough was authorised to make prizes and apparently 
did take a barque of Rye. A difficulty arose over a Dover 
boat taken while entering Calais with cargo belonging to 
merchants there, and the proceedings of her captor, Penniall 
(p. 261, below), are interesting, as is Norgate's letter on the 
same subject, and two petitions from Rau, late Mayor of 
Calais, and the owners. In October, 1648, an Admiralty 
Court was appointed at Scilly, while the Royalist Crescent 
was, if possible, to be victualled from a third part of the 
prizes taken by her, the tenths and fifteenths being first 
deducted for the Prince. In the same month Batten was 
ordered to unload a New England ship at Helfort Sluce, but 
opposition was made by the Shrive of Brille. In the following 
December Apsley [under whom John Evelyn served in 1641] 
is ordered not to make prizes till he knows that negotiations 
in England are absolutely broken off. The proprietors of 
sugar on board the Elizabeth and Susan receive promise of 
payment of 2,300/., and the joint owners of the Goodspeed a 
bond of 7,000 guilders on account of her detention by the 
Fleet. Three bales of silk were restored at the request of 
the city of Amsterdam in September, 1648, in which month 
Mr. Fisher was authorised to sell in the best market merchan- 
dise seized by the Fleet. John Cornelius [undated] writes of 
a Dutch prize of 100 tons ; "let her prove Jew or Gentile 
but he will gett a paire of silk stockens and a wast coat for 
Mr. Secretary." William Sandys in 1649 had a design for 
the seizing the English fleets trading to Greenland and Russia, 
the vessels employed in the work to be taken as for the service 
of the Duke of Lorraine. 

In April, 1642, the King informs John Heenvliet of the 
intended marriage of his daughter Mary. After acting for 
nearly two years at the Hague as Superintendent in the Court 
of the Princess, Heenvliet is to be made Baron de Kerchove, 
and Jermyn enquires of Digby if the Barony is to be an English 
one and to descend upon Heenvliet's son by Lady Stanhope. 
If not, she desires that the son may be created Lord Kerchove, 
Baron of Wotton Marley. " Advise with Council whether 
being born in Holland he must not first be made a denizen." 
There is also a paper endorsed by Heenvliet " about the 
precedence between the Princess Royal and the Electress of 
Brandenburg, Louise daughter of the Prince of Orange. Mary 
refused to be present at her wedding. 

Of the proceedings of Prince Charles there is the summons 
of Queen Henrietta Maria, June 1, 1648, to the Lords of her 



XXV11 

Council to meet on the question of the Prince's remove into 
some part of his father's dominions. The same month part 
of the Fleet revolted to the King, and the ships are ordered to 
the Downs, Calais, or St. John's road, where the Prince will 
meet them. There was a doubt whether Lord Willoughby 
of Parham would be acceptable as Admiral. Later 
there was an idea that Lord Warwick himself might 
be induced to join the Royalists (p. 249, below). In July 
comes a draft letter to Ormond, with a corrected paragraph. 
The first draft authorised Ormond, " in case the settlement 
cannot otherwise be effected to grant unto the Confederate 
Catholics an assurance of abolition of all " penal laws. The 
amendment runs : "In matters of religion he is to grant 
whatever hath been at any time offered unto them by him 
upon any former treaty," i.e. the Ormond Treaty of 1646, 
which marked the furthest point to which the King would 
openly go. Meantime the Prince was doing his best to get 
ammunition over to Colchester, and to relieve Walmer. The 
revolted Fleet was a good card to play at Rotterdam and 
Gough, quel goffo [stupid] Dottore, as Windebank calls him, 
was sent to play it, and Sir William Boswell was to follow 
suit. A diplomatic letter went from the Prince to John Webster 
of Amsterdam, who had been trying to hire ships for the 
Prince's service. It was also hoped that Lord Gerard might 
try to induce de Ransau at Dunkirk to lend two frigates, 
with ammunition, if possible on a " general promise of 
payment." The Duke of Lorraine, informed of the Prince's 
intention to join the Fleet in the Downs, warns his Highness 
to keep open his communications with Ostend (p. 218, below). 
The Prince of Orange refused to lend ships against Warwick, 
but his Vice-Admiral will protect the Royalist Fleet when 
in Dutch waters. To Lord Capel at Colchester goes a letter 
calling the defence " the most gallant action of the whole war." 
But nothing in the way of relief is to be expected from the 
Prince, who has not the means to do it. The Worcester papers 
(No. 344) tell us that Capel was imprisoned at Windsor Castle. 

Correspondence with Scotland begins on p. 221 of the 
Calendar. The news of Preston elicits a letter of condolence 
to Hamilton. A letter to the Lords and Committee of the 
Estates of Scotland in September announces that the Prince is 
in Holland on his way to Berwick, and Secretary Long's 
minutes provide for letters to be written to individuals in 
Scotland. 

In October Sir John Grenville is sent to hold Scilly, captured 
by Captains Noy and Arthur ; there he has to break Captain 
Diamond for misdemeanour and disobedience (p. 276, below). 
In the same month Long receives the first of a series of seven 
letters from William Curtius, giving an account of the close of 
the Thirty Years War, and of the state of things on the dis- 
persal of the various forces at the conclusion of the Peace. In 
his last letter from Nuremburg of May 11, 1649, he quotes 



xxviii 

some remarks of the Duke of Amalfi [Piccolomini] as to the 
King's prospects and plans. 

In November, 1648, comes up the quarrel between Lord 
Colepeper and Sir Robert Walsh, referred to in a letter, 
enclosed by Nicholas to Ormond, dated Caen, November 16-26 
(Original Letters and Papers of Duke of Ormond, i, 191). 
On " October 23 was spoiled Lord Culpepper's face." 
Walsh had agreed to give 3,000. for a prize laden 
with sugar, taken by the Fleet in the Downs. The money 
was not forthcoming, and Colepeper at a Council called 
Walsh a " shark and a fellow not to be trusted." 
Rupert said he should acquaint Walsh, who was his 
friend, with this. Words followed between Rupert and his 
lordship, but the Council reconciled them. Next day Sir 
Robert met Colepeper and gave him several blows in the 
face. He then published a pamphlet accusing Colepeper of 
corresponding with the Parliament (p. 237, below). Summoned 
before the Prince to justify some reports scattered by him 
in " cabarets and ordinaries," he did not appear, but the 
report was traced to a Norfolk recusant. The Prince dis- 
believed the story, and wrote to request Ormond to arrest 
Walsh if he went to Ireland. An order was given to a Dutch 
Advocate to proceed against Walsh in the Provincial Court, 
but the matter was allowed to drop. Number (32) of the Jersey 
Papers is probably from Walsh. About this date the Prince 
made a contract, given at length in the Collection, with 
Martine de Reuz, of Rotterdam, for the provision of victuals 
for the Fleet, to be paid for by the sale of guns. His Royal 
Highness on December 28, writes to Ormond to commend Sir 
George Monro, who had served in the late unfortunate Engage- 
ment in Scotland. (He agreed to disband his forces at Stirling 
late in September.) At the same time the Prince is giving 
a favourable reply to the Committee of the Estates of Scotland, 
to whom Brentford was sent, and to Argyle. The support 
of the King of Poland and of the King and Queen of Denmark 
was sought about this date. 

In January, 1648-9, comes an important letter from 
Ormond. He had then been four months in Ireland, having 
been begged to come by Inchiquin. He had powers from 
the Prince, but the King had ordered him to obey the Queen 
and not his own commands until he was free from restraint. 
Ormond was not to be startled at concessions to Ireland, for 
they would come to nothing. The Treaty of Kilkenny, on 
the basis of that of 1646, had been signed a week before 
Ormond wrote. The position justified his appeal to the Prince 
to come to Ireland. ' Three parts " of the island were devoted 
to him, and the fourth consisting of Jones' and Owen Roe's 
parties might be won over or reduced. The Marquis is so 
confident that Charles will take his advice that he names 
the ports that were most suitable for his landing, including 
in the list the late Confederate Catholics' Waterford, Limerick, 



XXIX 

and even Wexford, with a warning against the bar at the 
last haven. He contemplated the possibility of the Duke 
of York accompanying the King, who was proclaimed in 
February, and renewed Ormond's commission, while the 
latter was arranging for the return of the Marchioness from 
Caen, and treating with the Spanish Agent [de la Torre], for 
the transporting of men to the Spanish service for a sum of 
3,000. or 4,000., a matter which he desires may be rightly 
understood in France. The money would be useful, considering 
the "forwardness of Jones and Owen Roe to agree." From the 
" activity of the Nuncio " Ormond was soon to be free, for 
Binuccini departed in February. 

The letter found the Prince at the Hague, subjected to Scotch 
influence. On March 2 Loudoun and Argyle send him a joint 
letter (on the back of which C.R. thrice writes his new style). If 
any man dissuade his Majesty from hearkening to their advice, 
he has just reason to ponder such counsels as most ready means 
to strengthen his enemies and render Scotland incapable of 
serving him, " whereto we shall be more grievous than any 
private interest or loss can befall us." The reply expresses 
his Majesty's hope, when the Commissioners come, to clear 
all mistakes. Loudoun writes again on March 24 pressing 
the Covenant. This letter crosses one from his Majesty 
requesting Loudoun to save Huntley. He then sends Bishop 
Bramhall to Ormond to tell him of possible help from 
Portugal, whence an envoy, Irish but bearing the name of 
Domingo de Rosario, will be sent. But in view of possibilities 
of something better from Spain, Ormond must not commit 
himself with Rosario. A minor duplicity this, compared 
with the Royal letter of April 25 May 4, in which the King, 
having just promised to go to Scotland, hopes " to start for 
Ireland in a few days." Lord Henry Percy, sent to Paris , 
writes of being occupied only with doctors (p. 277). 

By this time Rupert had gone over to Ireland, and commerce- 
raiding had begun. This appears by the Lord of Musselburgh's 
letter (p. 277, below) and those of Lord Marlborough (p. 296). 
Sir Andrew Logan, more enterprising, is for the capture of 
ships of rebellious subjects south of the Equator, the suggestion 
to be concealed in view of his own interest in the East India 
Company. Logan's idea was probably the result of the opening to 
Royalist ships of Lisbon, the Azores and ports in Africa (p. 253, 
below). The sending of ships into the Straits was suggested 
(p. 283). The Fortune from Holland to Cabo de Gio was also 
seized, and the King had to complain thereof (p. 264). 

In April he had written to Ormond in favour of Lord and 
Lady Broghill, and the reply of May 25 brings somewhat 
disquieting news of a combination of Owen Roe, Monck and 
Jones. In May, Montrose is preparing for his mission to 
northern Kings and States, and the Collection contains a 
memorandum on the subject in his own hand. To Ireland 
are sent commissions for commanders in Ulster, as Montgomery 



XXX 

of Ards, and Sir Robert Stewart and James Erskine, with 
warrants for the apprehension of Sir Alexander Stewart and 
others. In June the Constable of Brussels requests the 
usual gratuity for firing a salute on the King's " Joyous Entry " 
to that city. In July Grenville wants frigates at Scilly, 
which place would have been in great distress but for a Dutch 
prize which supplied their necessaries. Long's notes of 
July 18-28 include an intimation to Sir John Cochrane to 
remonstrate with the State [? Courland] if Jones be received, 
an appeal to Curtius to procure the Emperor's letter to 
Hamburg that none be received from the rebels, and a warning 
to Grenville and Ormond of invasion, in the case of Ireland by 
Cromwell. About the same time Thomas Killigrew is sent 
to Italy where the King now has consuls at Venice, Naples, 
Genoa and Leghorn. [An account of the circumstances of 
his recall is given by Hyde to Brown, 1652, August 6. Clarendon 
Letters.} Braham reports the apprehension of Marchamont 
Needham (Pragmaticus) " by his own consent ; he is a very 
knave " (pp. 286, 298). 

The Jersey Papers contain three from Lucy, Countess of 
Carlisle, the first promising to give intelligence, and two 
commending Sir W. Batten and Lord Peterborough, respec- 
tively. The fifth paper, supposed to be from Arthur Slingsby, 
written after the Countess was in the Tower, proposes the 
raising of six troops of horse in and about London. Numbers (5) 
and (7) are from the Prince to the Countess, expressing 
gratitude, fearing danger to her by his letters, and acknow- 
ledging the " carriage of the Lord of Northumberland in the 
Lords' house, when the ordinance for the trial of the King 
was rejected." In (9) she receives blanks " for Colchester 
to do what she will." The money upon Tom Howard's blank 
is to be paid to the Countess and not to Lord Willoughby. 
A letter signed L.C. recommends Mr. Low. An unsigned 
letter, "yet supposed to be Captain Titus, his hand, . . wrote 
between the execution of the late King and Hamilton," is 
from some of the Presbytery inveighing against the Parliament 
for murdering the late King, earnestly pressing him (sic) 
to the Covenant. Numbers (22) to (28) are despatches from 
" Peter de la Fountayne, who sometimes wrote as Tyler, to 
Coventry, alias Crocker, dated in June and August, 1649. 
He mentions that Fairfax must march northward, but is 
not entrusted with the main design ; that Sion College resolved 
to pray for the King, notwithstanding the Act ; later that 
Fairfax was to be laid aside, though courted with 5,OOOZ. 
per annum. If Cromwell is not prevented by " the Presbyter}^" 
from defeating Ormond, he may be " crowned King in the 
heat of his victories in Ireland, and for quiet sake most men 
would submit." Number (29) refers to Mrs. Horwood [? Jane 
Whorwood, who had tried, with Captain Burleigh (p. 284), 
to enable the King to escape from Carisbrooke]. She is to 
have a place kept open for her for six or seven weeks. 



XXXI 

Number (55) is from James, Earl of Derby, written after 
the execution of the King, expressing loyalty ; this is followed 
by a letter of gratitude from the " King of Scots " to his 
Countess, while Number (57) refers to the designs of the 
Parliament on the Isle of Man, and advises that the Countess 
be exhorted to hold out. From (97) it would seem that in July, 
1649, Charles received copies of letters from Fairfax to Ireton. 

Other interesting documents among the Stuart papers are 
a list of the new King's household early in 1649, a letter in 
which the Prince condemns Wishart's Res Gestae, a most 
extraordinary production from Cornellis Yvans, or Evans, 
the pretended Prince of Wales (p. 209, below), an almost 
equally extraordinary letter from Mrs. Fitzjames, whose 
husband became a Parliamentary spy, and one from Sir Gilbert 
Talbot, written Feb. 3-13, 1644, from Venice, probably to 
Sir R. Brown at Paris, at the instance of Lord Banbury's 
Governor " who is at a great fault in his correspondence out 
of France, if you will . . lay the .man upon the sent [sic] 
you will do a deed of charity to the young gentleman (who 
hath suffered quarantaine and all the inconveniences of a 
blind guide)." From another Governor, Sir John Berkeley, 
in charge of the Duke of York, there are several letters of 
interest, especially one describing their journey from Steenbergen 
to Cambray in January, 1648-9, and another of September 2 
in which Berkeley requests an audit of his accounts of money 
spent both for the Duke and for Princess Henrietta since she 
left Exeter. In the former case the money had been obtained 
at Rotterdam. 

From Carisbrooke two letters are written in August, 1648, 
the first by Robert Hammond to his friend Colonel Nath. Rich ; 
after an earnest request for pay for the latter's troop lying 
there, he passes to the news that the King approves beyond 
expectation the message of the Commissioners ; then follow 
many expressions of piety, which have a very genuine ring. 
" I now apprehend that God is about to set me free from 
the world, that which my soul hath thirsted after, but I fear 
in a carnal way." The second letter is from the captain of 
one of the troops of Colonel Rich to that officer, and describes 
a day of the King's life there, and his relations with Hammond. 
Rich had written to Hammond that he had sent him his best 
friend, and this is probably the best friend's letter. 

Noticeable also is a letter of June 23, 1651, from Thomas 
Alleen, apparently a Parliamentarian spy, to St. John, the 
Ambassador of the Parliament in Holland. He has much to 
say about English and Foreign supporters of the Royalist 
cause. Of the same year is the deposition of John Christian, 
of the Isle of Man, that Major Whitford, son of Bishop Whitford, 
had confessed to the murder of Dorislaus, and had given 
the dagger used by him to the late Earl of Derby. 

The Collection includes many appeals sent or drafted to 
Foreign Powers by the Prince. Conde is congratulated upon his 



xxxu 



victory at Lens ; other letters appeal to the Duke of Lorraine, 
the Archduke Leopold and the Czar, besides powers already 
named. Loyalist Englishmen come forward from many 
quarters, and in some cases their letters were kept to fall into 
wrong hands at Worcester, or in Jersey. 

As to colonisation we find heads of a letter from the King, 
undated, to the Secretary of the Colony of Virginia, a copy 
of an undated letter to Lord Marlborough, as a person of 
" great experience and interest in the Caribbo Islands," and 
certain appointments in Virginia, 1649. A remarkable paper 
on the first Plantation of New England (p. 270, below) is 
noted as written to Mr. Evelyn. 

Of the few later papers which, as it were, fringe the Collection, 
mention may be made of two papers by John Evelyn on the 
sovereignty of the sea ; of these an outline is given (p. 267, 
below). The letter of Edward Billings, Quaker, dated the 
first month called March, 1673-4, is noticeable, and even 
more so is Flamsteed's letter of February 18, 1702-3, which 
has been given in full. 

As a rarity the most valuable paper in the Collection is 
the letter of Elizabeth, daughter of Charles I, only one other 
autograph letter of the Princess being known to exist. It is 
addressed to a servant, Kilvert, who may possibly be the 
person mentioned on p. 288 beloiv. 

The third volume concludes with the keys to about 20 ciphers 
in use in the reign of Charles I. 

The present Editor wishes to express his great sense of 
gratitude to the Master and Fellows of Magdalene College 
for the particularly kind manner in which they granted the 
use of the Papers, and to Mrs. S. C. Lomas for invaluable help 
in translation and other ways. 



E. K. PURNELL. 



PEPYS MANUSCRIPTS 



BELONGING TO 



MAGDALENE COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE 



EDWARD TV's CHILDREN. 

[1485.] Copy of a memorandum dated Hilary Term 
1 Hen. VII. concerning the reversal of the act declaring the 
children of Edw. IV bastards. 

1 p. (II. 641.*) 

EDWARD IV. 

Extract from the will of Edward IV appointing two chantry 
priests in the college of Windsor, to be named respectively by 
the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and to receive 
20 marks yearly. Their requirements as to duty and 
residence. 

1 p. (II. 627.) 

Warrant to Sir HUGH CONWAY and Sir JOHN WILTSHIRE. 

1511, August 18. Nottingham. ^Directing them as Treasurer 
and Controller respectively of Calais to make into gunpowder 
all such stuff for gunpowder as remains at Calais, and the 
Treasurer to pay for the making of it after the rate of 4s. for 
every last. 

Sign Manual, with 5 signatures, including Thomas Wulcy. 
8 lines. (I. &) 

The GREAT WARDROBE. 

[1512,] Jan. 26, 3 Hen. VIII. Greenwich. Warrant to 
Piers Curteys, Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, directing 
delivery to Piers Burton, saddler, of four yards of black velvet 
to cover a saddle and harness for the French ambassador. 

Sign manual, H.R. 6 lines. (I. 5.) 

[JOHN, DUKE OF] NORTHUMBERLAND to his son [JOHN], EARL 

OF WARWICK. 

[1551-1553.] " I had thought you had had more discretion 
then to hurt your selffe thorew fantesyes or care, specially for 

* The figures in brackets denote the volume and page where the 
documents will be found in the Pepys Collection; 



suche thinges as may be remedyed and holpon. Well ynoghe 
you must understand that I kno you canot lyve under great 
chargyes. And therfor you shold not hyde frome me your 
debts what so ever yt be for I wolde be lothe but you shold 
kepe your credyte with all men. And therfore send me worde 
in any wys of the hole some of your debts, for I and your 
mother will see theym forthwith payed and what so ever you 
do spend in the honest servis of our master and for his honour 
so you do not let wyld and wanton men consume yt, as I have 
been servid in my dayes, you muste thinke all ys spent a's yt 
shold be, and all that I have must be yours and that you spend 
before, you may with God's grace helpe yt herafter by good 
and faithfull servis wherin I trust you will never be found 
slake and then you may be sure you canot lak serving soche 
a master as you have toward whome the lyvinge God preserve 
and restore you to perfyt helth and so with my blessing I 
comytt you to his tuision. Your loving Father. 

Northumberland. 

Postscript in his Mother's hand : 

Your lovynge mothere 

that wyshes you helthe dayli 
Jane Northumberland. 

1 p. (II. 729.) 

PARSONAGE or MAID STONE. 

[1555,] Feb. 20. Westminster. Warrant from King Philip 
and Queen Mary to William, Marquis of Winchester, to grant 
lease for 40 years of the parsonage of Maidstone with the 
chapels of Dettling and Loose to Christopher Roper, licensed 
to attend upon Cardinal Pole, in recompense for his services 
during the rebellion of the Duke of Northumberland and the 
insurrection of Wyatt, and for his attendance upon ambas- 
sadors coming from outward parts through Kent where he 
dwells. 

Sign manual torn off. 1 p. (I. 280.) 

EARLDOM OF NORTHUMBERLAND. 

[1557,] April 30. Copy of Letters Patent appointing 
Thomas, Baron Percy, Earl of Northumberland. 
1| pp. Latin. (I. 29.) 

List of PROTESTANT DIVINES. 

[1559 ?] " The names of certen godlielerned preachers which 
have utterly forsaken Antichriste and al his Romishe rags, 
besides divers whose names I do not presently remember and 
others that I know not. 

"Mr. Coverdal, Dr. Tumor, Mr. Alvey, Mr. Fox, Mr. Lever, 
Mr. Sampson, Mr. Whitmgham, Mr. Lau. Hompfrey, Mr. 
Gilbie, Mr. Tho. Cole, Mr. Adam Haliday, Mr. Crowley, 
Mr, Buskit, Mr. Wyburne, Mr. Horton, Mr. Philpot, Mr. 



Austian, Mr. W. Cole, Mr. Pilkington, Mr. Allen, 
Mr. Hancock, Mr. Havel, Mr. Tremayne, Mr. Courthop, 
Mr. Stanton, Mr. Gogh, Mr. Sawle, Mr. Reth. 28. 

" Whether these pore men (if they were but two) which for 
the zeale of God's pure religion, do refuse and reject Anti- 
christ's Livereys, or the Lord Bushops and others, that for 
wordlie respects, receyve and allowe them, are to be prefard, 
let those that are godliewise judge : the one following 
thexample of al Christs faithful ministers in Germany, Fraunce, 
Scotland and al well reformed Churches, to the abolishing 
of papistrie and superstition : the other imitating Christs 
sworne enymies (the papists) to the maintenance of poprie 
and superstition." 

Endorsed : A remembrance to the Lord Robert Dudley 
concerning the Preachers of the Gospel. To be considered. 

1 p. (II. 701.) 

Lord ROBERT DUDLEY to THOMAS BLOUNT. 
[1560,] Sept. 9. Windsor, f p. Copy. (II. 703.) 

THOMAS BLOUNT to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 
[1560,] Sept. 11. Cumnor. 2 pp. Copy. (II. 705.) 

Lord ROBERT DUDLEY to THOMAS BLOUNT. 
[1560.] Windsor. } p. Copy. (II. 707.) 

Lord ROBERT DUDLEY to THOMAS BLOUNT. 
[1560,] Sept. 12. Kew. J p. Copy. (II. 711.) 

THOMAS BLOUNT to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 
[1560,] Sept. 13. Cumnor. \ p. Copy. (II. 709 ) 

The above five letters have already been printed in the Appendix 
to Lord Braybrooke's edition of Pepys' Diary, and elsewhere. The 
date of the last letter but one is wrongly quoted by Froude as 
Sept. 27. For a later letter on the same subject see p. Ill below, 

Warrant to the MARQUIS OF WINCHESTER, HIGH TREASURER, 

Sir RICHARD SACKVILLE, UNDER TREASURER, Sir WALTER 

MILDMAY, CHANCELLOR or EXCHEQUER. 

[1561,] March 14, 3 Eliz. Westminster. Warrant to grant 
to John West and Johanne, his wife, 21 years' lease of a tene- 
ment parcel of the houses and rent belonging to Somerset 
House beside Strand at the accustomed rent of 265. Sd. 

Sign manual of the Queen. \ p. At foot in different hand : 
pro Honnyng. (I. 7.) 

W. HERLLE to Lord [ROBERT DUDLEY ?] 
1561, Aug. 17. Hamburg. After I had addressed my 
letters of the 12th of July to your Lordship from Antwerp 



I met at Amsterdam with Mr. Brigantyne. He showed me 
to have orders of return homewards by Mr. Secretary. He 
told me of some Colonels who entertained men of service with 
only hope of some doings, but this is but the common practice 
to procure entertainment to themselves. 

I shall repair to Brunswick, where no few things of great 
moment and importance are to be known. The Pope and the 
Emperor be feared to practise some extraordinary feat against 
Germany, now specially because they be a Kingdom divided, 
some Lutherans, some Calvinists and the rest Papists, so as 
the time itself seems to work for them. An Ambassador of 
the Pope, accompanied with one of the Emperor, is presently 
at Lubeck. They have solicited the Bishops here, and mean 
to persuade as they go either the obedience of a Council, or 
the constraint of the Interim decreed by Charles the late 
Emperor at Antwerp ; their commission extends to the King 
of Denmark and Sweden, to the Polish King and to all the 
states of the Empire, but their confidence depends much upon 
the German bishops, who for the maintenance and restoration 
of their dignity have much induced the parties. They think 
perhaps also that the Emperor's quietness with the Turk shall 
be able to add a great terror, if they show any forwardness 
against this legation, wherein surely some part is abused, for 
either they have left to fear the shadow before now, or the 
substance itself hath been little regarded hitherto, which I 
mean by Ferdinand the Emperor, a person smally esteemed. 
He wrote of late to have borrowed of Cologne, Bremen, 
Hamburg and Lubeck 160,000 dollars towards the relief 
of Livonia, but no relief could be gotten at their hands. There 
is a fame that a great piece of the King of Sweden's navy is 
appointed for Livonia over which he is constituted protector, 
nor have the Hamburg ships detained of late by the King of 
Denmark in the Sound been yet released, but more quarrels 
are sought to aggravate the matter laid against them, the 
Hambijrgers following the Court from place to place, but not 
being admitted to audience of the Prince, who now is not going 
to Leipsic for the marriage of the Prince of Orange. The French 
King has had for more than five years an Ambassador in 
Denmark, " Carolus Danseus of the county of Poyteis," so 
as if anything be meant towards the Scottish Queen for 
marriage, it is his drift and motion. At Lunenburg have divers 
princes of Nether Saxony assembled ; the Stedes (sic) have 
also been present with their divines to establish uniformity in 
the Sacrament, from which it is agreed to banish all other 
meaning than Luther's Catechism prescribes ; they of Higher 
Germany dissent, and much laboured in the last convention 
at Nuremburg to have added a new preface to the Augsburg 
confession, which the contrary part stiffly repugned ; since 
which time Dr. Albert of Bremen, otherwise called Hardenberg 
was banished at Brunswick out of all the Nether Saxon circle, 
having converted the greater part of Bremen, and now is with 



Count Christopher of Oldenburg who has appealed from the 
sentence to the Bishop of Magdeburg and to Duke Heinrich of 
Brunswick, but there they suffered repulse. Melancthon's 
epistle to the Palsgrave hath alienated a number from Luther's 
meaning. The late Diet at Lubeck concerned religion 
principally, and next how they might recover from her 
Majesty their ancient privilege in England and from the King 
of Denmark the prerogative they enjoyed at Bergen, and now 
partly deprived of the same. " To conclude they agreed to 
show themselves stout to the end their demands might force 
some better issue." 

My instructions will me in all places to declare how untrue 
be the reports which concern the conveyance of armour into 
Russia by her Majesty. No place was more infected with this 
rumour than Amsterdam, where one George Starkye was, on 
express letters from Brussels, attached upon surmise that he 
should transport from thence munition into Russia, using for 
the shadow of his feat to ship out corn divers times, the ballast 
whereof was armour and such like, but nothing was found 
in the ships. Yet it affects not the rumour. A more serious 
report was that her Majesty and the Council maintained 
pirates to spoil all merchants that had traffic through the 
narrow seas. The principal author of this infamy is one 
Cornelius Georgesson, a man of wealth in Amsterdam. He 
said " If I had paid all the Queen's custom, which hitherto I 
have stolen, I should not now be worth a groat." I used secret 
practice that this might come to the Scout's intelligence, yet 
not seeming that the motion proceeded of me, or of any English- 
man, thereby to explorate how the Scout was affected, and 
thereby to get incident occasion for the rumour of Russia. 
The Scout sent for Georgesson who denied all things. Yet 
suspecting in whose company he had spoken such words he 
arrested one Robert Sergeant of London ; under pretence to 
assist him, I got occasion to declare the Queen's zeal for justice, 
her upright mind to strangers, her clemency to all men, her 
hazard of her Kingdom for the preservation of the Scottish 
liberty, and how she punished pirates of her mere grace, without 
respect of persons. Unkindness might breed between the 
countries from such slanders. Her Majesty was providing 
armour for the defence of her realm against France ; no person 
can prove that ever she sent to any place out of her own country 
the value of one harquebus. Her Majesty had charged me to 
affirm that she never heard of any armour carried out of her 
Realm to the use of any country, and for more surety she hath 
given charge to all her ports that whosoever shall attempt to 
do so, shall lose all that he hath. Neither should the merchant, 
I concluded, find profit in that commodity in Russia. The 
Scout answered very courteously, assuring to become a diligent 
investigator of these rumours. Georgesson should be an 
example to the rest. He has a son in London who might be 
attached upon the word of his father for stealing so much 



6 

custom ; peradventure it might show small truth in some of 
the officers at home, only there may be craft in dawbing 
(bribing). Some fear Sir Thomas Gressham did inform of 
Starkye. You understand Gressham's nature ; how jealous* 
he is lest in service he be prevented, and how suspicious. 

From Amsterdam I went to Bremen, and there solicited 
the free passage of her Majesty's armour and provisions, and the 
purgation of the false rumours spread upon the pretence of 
the said provisions being destined for Russia, affirming that 
double toll had been charged upon her Majesty's goods ; she 
did not seek any privilege, " for as she was a Caesar within her 
own dominions, so wished she to be given to every Caesar 
whatsoever should be due unto the same, so it were not 
prejudicial to other." She was falsely reported to have con- 
veyed into Russia such store and provisions of armour as she 
of late had made in Germany for the use of her own country ; 
she never had the meaning to furnish the Russ with the 
commodity for it brings neither profit to the carrier nor use 
where it is carried. The haunt of our nation with that people 
did not tend but to the public benefit and knowledge of the 
world ; as the Portingales had benefitted by finding out the 
Moluccas and the spicery trade, and the Spaniards of the other 
side by opening a way into the large and quiet sea of Sur 
through Magellan's strait, so her Majesty desired to discover 
the unknown coasts of the North Sea, and had taken this 
navigation in hand to try out whether any issue were to be 
found betwixt Greenland and the continent of Norway and 
Lapland and by compassing the Frisian Sea to be able to 
attain Cathayia by a nearer route than the world yet 
knew : in this attempt it were not amiss to have a sure harbour 
midway, therefore to maintain amity with the Russ, wishing 
that Lubeck or some nearer place did not more supply him 
things apt for his purpose than did England. They assured 
me they never knew that those provisions appertained to 
her Majesty, but rather to the merchant who might make 
his profit of the same again in England ; that the custom did 
not exceed an English penny upon every corslet ; they never 
took any toll of things that belonged to Princes, much less of 
anything wherein her Highness might have an interest, requiring 
me so to make report; they had been written to from the 
Emperor and other Princes that the munition passing through 
Bremen was secretly sent into Russia, yet they never gave any 
faith thereunto. They presented me with wine, and for that 
the way of iny travel was somewhat suspicious, would have 
sent with me 20 horse, but I refused all save four which 
accompanied me as far as the Duke of Lunenburg. The 
Provost of Bremen entertained me on my way. The Duke 
Otto of Lunenburg is worthy of her Majesty's pension for his 
wisdom, forwardness and goodwill to her Majesty's subjects. 

* The words in italics are in cipher un deciphered ; for key see the actual 
Papers, Vol. II., pp. 581, 583. 



He is but about 32, yet apt for all things, well proportioned, and 
of mean stature with a comely auburn beard. His country 
lies so hard upon the Elp's (sic) stream that upon time of 
service no place were more commodious. He has written 
several times to England, but received no answer. A letter 
would make such a man more careful to give larger intelligence 
of things. 

Thence I came to Hamburg, and presented myself to the 
whole Senate. I did not ask for free passage for the Queen's 
munition, for they had already given the same. They 
promised to purge the Queen's cause whenever they could. 

In my principal cause I have good hope to make a happy 
end by Nicholas Plate's mean. I shall communicate secretly 
with the parties within ten days. He showed me of a greater 
sum to be had than double my commission extends unto. 
It only remains to agree of the interest, for the assurance did 
not mislike them. To keep the bargain secret, I have practised 
that two or three shall take it up of the rest in their own name, 
that no bruit sound of it. If it were known, it would be con- 
jectured that her Highness meant war, and the Dane, who is 
wholly French, would withstand with all his force the conclusion 
of the bargain. Of Mr. Gresham's armour* I shall shortly 
know, and will use all diligence therein. 

The Pope's Legates are at Lubeck and but for the authority 
of the Emperor's Ambassador would be stoned to death ; they 
solicit safe conduct to Denmark and Sweden, but in vain 
for they are feared to practise a league with the Russ. Another 
Diet of Princes is to be at Halberstadt on the 25th chiefly 
concerning Russia and Lyveland [Livonia], and the con- 
veyance of munitions there will be much spoken of. 

Postscript.- I have written to Mr. Secretary so much in 
effect as this to your Lordship contains, Mr. Gresham's case* 
excepted. The same is sent by another messenger for double 
security. If the Queen be first informed by you of these, my 
proceedings, I desire that in no wise she show any token thereof 
till the other party make the first overture. Dymock hath 
written to Lubeck to be delivered out of prison and albeit 
his case deserves rigour, yet the simple glorious man will seem 
rather to transfer all things to his own just merits than to her 
gracious clemency. 

15 pp. - (I. 45.) 

GEORGE GILPIN to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1561, Sept. 6. Brussels. Encloses letters received the 
previous day. The voice was that the Prince of Spain would 
be here in the beginning of next summer ; it is now said that 
he is sick of a quartan ague so as they doubt of his recovery. 
The Lady Regent is by report weary of her state and desirous 
to be in Italy with her husband. He thinks this country will 



Cipher undeciphered. 



8 

be well content to give her leave, notwithstanding they seem 
to be indifferently well contented with her. They are in doubt 
here that the King of Denmark shall marry with the Queen 
of Scotland, which they would not gladly should come to pass, 
for they think he doth not bear good will to the House of 
Burgundy as his father did. There is here a Council Provincial 
of Grey Friars. The Chief of the order is here : he was received 
at Antwerp by his brethren with procession and also visited of 
the lords of the town and the wine presented him after the 
manner of the Country. " To-morrow he shall be received 
here." There is great persecution in the Kingdom of Naples 
for religion. 

1 p. Endorsed : HearlPs letters. (I. 61.) 



EARLDOM OF WARWICK. 

1561, Decy 26. Westminster. Copy of Letters Patent 
appointing Ambrose Dudley, knight, Baron Lysle, to the 
Earldom of Warwick. 

2 pp. Latin. (I. 31.) 

[GuiDO CAVALCANTI] to Lord 

[1561.] He heard of his Lordship's return from the Emperor, 
and hoped to have seen him, but could not reach Lyons in time, 
there being plague in Italy, and therefore writes. When in 
England he had often heard great lords there marvel that 
since the Queen's accession no one had been sent to her from 
Venice. On his leaving England the Queen dexterously 
alluded to this, regretting that she had not been able to main- 
tain and increase the friendship which had existed between her 
predecessors and Venice. He replied that the Signoria, Reliev- 
ing she would marry, was waiting to send an ambassador who 
would execute both offices [of congratulations] together. 
Being in error on this point, it did not appear to them feasible 
to send to congratulate her accession. They therefore 
reserved themselves for some other occasion. She replied 
that any time for correcting an error was better than none. 

He therefore saw an opportunity of being useful to both 
sides, but, an interview with his Lordship being impossible, 
writes his views, though he has no charge in the matter. 

The Venetians have rubs with Flanders about trade, and 
wishing to draw trade to Venice, think that, with an ambassador 
in England, they might have more facilities than Flanders. 
There has been talk whether they might find some material 
for the galleys to begin to traffic as formerly. Things are at 
present but unripe (verde). But I believe that the Signoria 
would not think twice of a little cost to negotiate with England 
and its Queen. The diversity of religion is no drawback, 
for they had an ambassador there in King Edward's time, 
and to the Queen a Venetian ambassador would be even more 



pleasing ; an English ambassador would be more acceptable in 
Venice, and very honourable gentlemen would be sent in return. 

He fears to engage more than is fitting for him; but is most 
anxious to work some good, and will act on a hint. He hopes 
to hear from his Lordship at Genoa whether it will be possible 
for him to come there, or to Florence where he is going. 

2| pp. Italian. (II. 667.) 

[The letter is unsigned but is the writing of Guido Cavalcanti, 
a Florentine in the service of the Queen, who had negotiated 
the treaty of Gateau Cambresis. There was no authorised 
Minister from Venice to England between 1537 and 1602. 
In 1560 the Venetians resident in London elected a Vice-Consul 
on their own responsibility. The Signoria soon terminated 
his appointment, but in 1603 the merchants were obliged to 
appoint a Consul, who was however not an accredited Agent.] 

- to Sir NICHOLAS THROCMOKTON. 

Notes of things to be considered in the reformation of the 
statutes in Oxford. 

[1561 ?] That at morning prayer between 5 and 6 one half- 
hour at least be spent in expounding the Scriptures, and that once 
in a week they declare some fruit of their studies, and be better 
prepared for the Ministry, and other schools be instructed. 

2. That gentlemen and other strangers that live of the 
University, and not bound to its exercises, be not forced to 
swear to the Statutes unless they proceed in degree, and that 
their names be only registered in the matriculation book with 
a general protestation of their favour to the maintenance of 
the State, and of their obedience as scholars in things con- 
venient and pertaining to them. 

3. That suspect houses be forbidden, and unlawful games 
as dice, cards, football, and specially at the time of prayer 
or sermons, or study and public exercises. 

4. That the Statute of caps, tippets, hoods may be some- 
what qualified that scholars may not so straitly be tied to 
them but in the time of school exercises, and that the penalty 
may be mitigated. That there may be a consideraton of 
Heads and Masters of Colleges which before were never limited 
but governed others. 

5. That Doctors of Divinity may according to the ancient 
custom wear a round cope with a neck or otherwise both that 
the rule of Linda verius in titulo Doctor atus may be observed, 
and some distinction betwixt the common priest and the 
Doctors of D. retained. 

6. That the order of Cambridge may be received in choosing 
Proctors by combination of houses, whereby contention and 
perjury may be removed, which now commonly every year 
are used, though oath be taken that they shall labour nee per 
se nee per alium. 

1 p. (II. 567.) 



10 

RICHARD, Lord RYCHE to the QUEEN. 

1562[-3], Feb. 2. London. " Most dread sovereign lady, 
perceiving yesterday your most godly inclination, great care 
and study to leave your imperial crown, your realm and your 
loving and faithful subjects of the same in unity, concord and 
quietness, if God should call your Highness from us without 
heirs of your most royal body, which, God defend the same, 
should be to all true hearts and faithful subjects the greatest 
misery and calamity that ever was in this your realm, and 
knowing assuredly your accustomed goodness and benignity 
doth bolden me most humbly to desire your most excellent 
Majesty to give me leave to speak with your Majesty at what 
time your Highness shall appoint on certain things which at 
that time I shall declare to your Highness, which, I trust in 
God, shall not only tend to the preservation of your Highness 
but also of your imperial crown, realm and dominions, and to 
the continual unity and quietness of your faithful subjects 
of the same, which matters being to your great wisdom disclosed, 
you may order as your Highness shall think most for your 
surety, your crown and realm, and the quietness of the same, 
most humbly craving of your Highness pardon of this boldness, 
trusting it shall appear to your Majesty that it precede th from 
a true and faithful heart according as I am most bounden, 
which through your great wisdom and princely experience you 
have not hitherto refused, and upon your pleasure known I 
shall wait upon your Majesty with all diligence." . . . 

1 p. Holograph. (I. 67.) * 

ENRICO, DUKE or BRUNSWICK and LUNENBURG to Lord 
ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1563, April 18. Langenhagen. I am much astonished 
that you have not written to say whether the Queen wants 
my people or not. I do not think that my good will ought to 
be paid with ingratitude. Coming to my lands I would look 
for very good people, and I have now more than 2,000 or 3,000 
soldiers thinking the Queen would take me into her service. 
I put myself in your hands for an answer yes or no so that I 
may not remain with all the expenses, as I see that you are a 
very real friend. I pray your answer shortly. 

1 p. Spanish. Holograph. (I. 71.) 

HENRY MYDDELMORE to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1563, May 17. St. Germains. Want of a cipher must 
excuse my seldom writing. Your servant Killigrew has 
arrived with your letter to the Prince of Conde. I have 
presented him to the Prince, who promises his brother's 
discharge. Lord Ledyngton [Lethington] has also worked 
with his own credit and that of his Queen for his release, and 
the Queen Mother has promised that Ledyngton shall have 
Killigrew home with him when he returns. But the latter is to 



11 

give a promise in writing neither to return to France nor 
meddle in these matters until the end of the war, and you are 
required -to give the like promise in writing on behalf of 
Killigrew. 

On the llth of this month Conde, by order of the Queen 
Mother and on the advice of friends of the Admiral [Coligny], 
met the latter at Essonnes, and warned him of a prinse de corps 
obtained against him for the death of the Duke of Guise. The 
Guard was corrupted, and they were resolved to cut him in 
pieces if he resisted. He therefore went home. His brother 
Dandelot is at the Court. I spake with the Admiral at this 
meeting, where I found him someways more mindful of her 
Majesty's favour than heretofore. 

The Constable [Montmorency] is at Chantilly, and has 
hitherto refused to take charge of the army that is said to go 
to Newhaven [Havre de Grace] which France would fain have 
again. Paris has presently given 300,000 francs for the siege 
of it. Danville is shortly expected to go his government in 
Languedoe. The " Reyters " cannot be got out of France, 
and are now near Rheims. They refuse to depart until they 
be paid, or Strasburg answer for the money due to them, which 
is unlikely. It is said that her Majesty has intelligence with 
them ; many here wish it were so ; they are said to be 8,000 
foot and 2,500 horse already in Lorraine. The appointment 
of this our difference by Commissioners is probable. 

You shall receive herewith Conde's request to the Queen 
Mother for the Admiral, made on his late return from him. 
The Marshal Montmorency will thereby seem to have supported 
it both for his Father and himself, and also Dandelot who was 
present. 

Ledyngton makes account to be in England shortly. 

The Duke of Guise has gone from Court greatly dissatisfied. 

2 pp. Holograph. (I. 75.) 

JAMES STEWART [EARL OF MORAY] to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY, 

1563, Nov. 17. Stirling. I received your bill of remem- 
brance. Our Mistress is in good health and " desireth from her 
the same of the Queen's Highness her good sister." Randolph 
is shortly to return, when you shall be more amply informed. 

i p. Seal. (I. 87.) 

THOMAS RANDOLPH to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 
1563[-4], Jan 15. Edinburgh. " I assure your Lordship 

the worst I intend you is to marry a queen The Queen 

[of Scots] hath recovered much of her health. The ladies and 
gentlemen are all in health and merry, which your Lordship 
should have seen if you had been here upon Twelfthday at the 
great Solemnity and Royal estate of the Queen of the Bean. 
Fortune was so favourable to fair Fleming, that if she could 
have seen, to have judged of her virtue and beauty, as blindly 



12 

she went to work, and chose her at adventure, she would 
sooner have made her a Queen for ever, than for one only 
day, to exalt her so high and the next to leave her in the State 
she found her. If Beton had liked for so short a time so 
worthy a room, Fleming to her by good right should have 
given place. There lacked only for so noble a heart a worthy 
realm to endue it with. That day it was to be seen by her 
princely pomp how fit a match she would be, were it to contend 
either with Venus in beauty, Minerva in wit, or Juno in worldy 
wealth, having the two former by nature, and of the third so 
much as is contained in this whole Realm at her command and 
free disposition. The treasure of Solomon, I trow, was not 
to be compared unto that which that day hanged upon her 
back. Happy was it unto this Realm that her reign endured 
no longer. Two such sights in one state, in so good accord I 
believe was never seen as to behold two worthy Queens possess 
without envy one kingdom both upon a day. . . . The Queen 
of the Bean was that day in a gown of cloth of silver ; her 
head, her neck, her shoulders, the rest of her whole body so 
beset with stones that more in our whole jewel house were 
not to be found. The Queen herself apparelled that day in 
colours white and .black, no other jewel or gold about her 
that day, but the ring which I brought her from the Queen's 
Majesty hanging at her breast with a lace of white and black 
about her neck. The cheer that day was great. I never 
found myself so happy nor never so well treated until . . . 
that the old Queen herself to show her mighty power . . . 
drew me into the dance, which part of the play I could with 
good will have spared unto your Lordship as much fitter for 
the purpose, with somewhat else of greater felicity, if I knew 
how to frame it unto my desire." 

" I can assure her Majesty that, let her do against France 
what she likes, Scotland shall remain hers, though these that 
are here most mighty work the contrary . . . 

k * I have wished this Queen two or three of your Lordship's 
geldings, fit for her own saddle ; the other were so well liked." 
" I wrote unto Mr. Secretary for a livery for my Lord of 
Argile for three geldings which I trust he have in remem- 
brance." Let Sir Harry Lord President,* 'know that I 
judge him the worst servant that ever served so fair a lady 
as Fleming his mistress. ... I can but wish my poor friend 
Harry good fortune, and think myself happy that am so far 
off from these blustering storms that blew him so far from 
the Court at my departure that never since I heard word 
of him." 

' There is here good news of my Lord of Warwick to be 
President of York. We think it no small benefit of good that 
two such Earls as his Lordship and my Lord of Bedford shall 
be placed so near unto this country." 

* Sir Henry Sidney, Lord J resident of the Council in the Marches of Wales. 
He had been sent to Scotland on a mission in 1662. 



13 

Postscript. Your Lordship shall be shortly written unto 
in favour of my Lord Bothwell, whose suit is to be out of 
England, " whereof I think there will come no hurt, for where 
he is, he doth no good nor never will." 

3 pp. (I. 91.) 

.Sir THOMAS CHALONEK to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1563[-4], Jan. 24. Balbastro, near Montzon, Aragon. 
Touching our disgrace at Newhaven [Havre de Grace], set out 
in your letter, two months afore I had any certain advice of 
the loss thereof, only by conjecture, I insinuated unto the 
King and Court here the true causes of the rendering thereof, 
so as I believe the French news, which came flying with the 
first by post, set forth by their Ambassador here at all 
advantage, did not much hinder the reputation of our nation here. 

I doubt if the proper time was chosen to re-have Calais by 
that means. If you give me leave to discourse, I doubt not 
Calais shall be English as before within a few years, the due 
principles observed. It were perchance not the worst advice 
to take a respite till so much treasure and warlike furniture 
were amassed at home as might serve the double, for if the 
brunt were passed of our first onset, when our temporary 
hoard were spent, it should be easy for him to hold us out at the 
arm's end. This point I touch not only by what I have seen 
and read, but I have heard of the best in this Court, the King 
excepted. They measure us by our captains, horsemen, 
foot, navies, discipline, experience, armour domestical not 
bought abroad, and money, the sinews of war. If the Queen 
to her marine power did join 6,000 or 7,000 horsemen and 
30,000 or 40,000 foot, it would soon be seen what account the 
French would make of us. At my return I trust to distend 
to the Queen's Majesty the means of this reinforce, so that 
within few years she shall put more yearly clear remain in 
her coffers than the best of her neighbours. Besides my 
ordinary service here I have fished for something worthy 
her Grace's thanks when I return. 

But returning to the matter of Calais, if you here were as I 
am, knowing no more than I do, who once in five or six months 
receive not a letter from home, you would have cause to 
stagger at a rupture with France, so long as we have no faster 
hold of this Prince's amity, but rather signs whereon to conceive 
great jealousy. And whether ere long we may not have 
unrequired some motives on Flanders' part to join with them 
against France, where now required they not only sit still, 
but I fear do moreover. 

What account I made of Aquila, I shall not need to repeat, 
now another long robe succeedeth him, unlike to him in con- 
ditions and inclination to the amity. I have described him 
at large in my letter to the Queen's Majesty. If I find him 
well given to the amity (as I believe you shall) show him all 
the courtesy you can so well and becomingly do, 



14 

I have used all good ways for the Queen's service here. 
If I had gone otherwise to work perchance I should have 
gotten small thanks on either hand. He that liveth here must 
have a long spoon. 

Touching the license for 12 jennets I will motion it if by your 
next you still so desire. It is not six days past that upon 
conference with the King about the matter of arrest, I pre- 
sented him with one of my amblers stoned for whom afore I 
had been woed of sundry with 200 ducats. As yet I have 
not bought any Spanish horse, but purpose at my return to 
Madrid to apply the mart. Your offer of dogs shall not be 
forgotten. I keep a piece of a tale in store for you till my 
return. 

" Postscripta verte " (none to be found). 15 pp. Holo- 
graph. (I. 323.) 

JAMES STEWART [EARL OF MORAY] to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1563[-4], Jan. 31. Edinburgh. Bothwell is stayed by the 
Queen at Newcastle. I have understood of him his present 
estate wherewith he is annoyed and is willing, if it might stand 
with the [English] Queen's pleasure there, to visit other realms. 
I pray you to take consideration of his reasonable desires 
and at least for my sake to procure his liberty in the premises 
at the Queen's hands there. 

| p. Seal. (I. 95.) 

SHANE O'NEILL [EARL OF TYRONE] to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1563[-4], Feb. 29. Fedan. Thanks for the letters and 
messages of good will received by Sir Thomas Cusake. Requests 
further friendship and despatch of his business. 

Signed, MISI [by me] ONELL. 1 p. Latin. (I. 99.) 

JOHN SHERS to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, March 29. Brussels. I arrived here on the 18th, 
and the next day sent Mr. George Gilpin to Viglius to 
procure audience, being advertised that the Lady Regent does 
nothing without him, and that he would be present at my 
audience with her, and also that he bears much with the few 
Antwerp merchants who are against the course of our mer- 
chants. I hope I have brought him to some indifferency 
and uprightness. 

On the 21st I had audience with the Lady Regent. The 
Duke of Aerschot, the Prince of Orange, the Count Egmont, 
the Count of Meghem, Monsieur d' Assincourt, Mr. Barlemont, 
and Viglius were present. I delivered the Queen's letters ; 
after reading them she commanded me and the others, except 
Viglius, to be covered. She then called on me to speak, which 
I did, by my instruction, without interruption until I came 
to the end of the chapter touching the intercourse, and then 
stayed to hear how that was liked, but as she said nothing, 



15 

I required to know her pleasure concerning my message that 
I might advise her Majesty. She required me to retire that 
she might consult with her nobles. She presently sent 
Barlemont for me, and said that she understood the favourable 
mind of her Majesty towards the King of Spain and how willing 
she is to maintain the intercourse, and professed equal zeal on 
the King's part. She said that she was unable to say more 
at the moment but would send some of her Counsellors to me 
the next day. All the nobility present saluted me very 
courteously at my departure. 

The next day D'Assonvilla sent word that he and Hoperus 
were appointed to resort to me. They came after dinner, and 
not having been present on the previous day, asked to hear 
my report again ; possibly this was to try whether my tale 
to them agreed to what they had heard of the Regent. I told 
them again, and D'Assonvilla repeated my tale that he might 
make relation again to the Council, and said that he liked 
my message and doubted not of good success. Hoperus seemed 
to cast some doubt, and asked if I had commission to agree 
upon the choice of Commissioners, and for the place and time 
of the Diet, and for the suspending of laws made to the hind- 
rance of their subjects and of orders for the augmentation of 
our Customs. As to the two first I said that her Majesty 
reserved herself to the letters sent by De la Torre for the 
King of Spain, of which the Regent had a copy. These he 
said that he had seen, but they had nothing determinate. 
I replied not, for I had not seen them, and had no authority 
to talk of the other things ; it was meeter they were referred 
to the Diet. D'Assonvilla seemed not to mislike this, and 
Hoperus said that I should shortly know the Regent's pleasure. 
They departed after two hours. 

On the 23rd the Council sat all the afternoon, touching, as 
I have since heard, the answer that should be made to me. 
On Friday the 24th the forenoon they were at sermons ; the 
afternoon they sat in Council. Hearing nothing I sent 
Mr. Gilpin to D'Assonvilla, who said that our Lady's Day 
and Palm Sunday (26th) were not days for negociation, but 
that the Regent would send for me on the Monday. I then 
remembered that Mr. Secretary had willed me to recommend 
her Majesty to such of the nobles as I might guess bare favour 
towards her, and on Saturday I sought to the Prince of Orange, 
and told him that her Majesty had great hope that he would 
consider how necessary the observation of the Treaty for the 
intercourse would be for the maintenance of the amity between 
the Princes : " Flanders and England be unto the seas as the 
hands and the feet of a man be to the belly ; and that even 
as the belly doing her duty maintaineth both well flourishing 
and lusty ; likewise the seas lying between Flanders and 
England well applied by the merchants with the intercourse 
of merchandize hath maintained both these countries hitherto 
flourishing and wealthy." " The Prince , f , said that he 



16 

would do what in him lay for the opening of the trade. Marry, 
yet because there have been of late so many injuries done to 
the subjects here, and that daily there come in so many 
intolerable plaints as he could not easily see how they might 
be compounded without some further restitution. And as 
touching the prohibitions for the intercourse the Queen's 
Majesty was the first that brake it (said he) making certain 
laws directly against the treaty . . . By this kind of talk I 
gathered a great suspicion of the good success of my message, 
for I knew that he was privy to the answer that I should 
receive of the Regent," and replied that the injuries had been 
contrary to her Majesty's wish, and that she was prepared to 
suspend the two statutes of the last parliament till the end 
of the next Diet, and hoped the like might be done as to the 
prohibitions made here in November last. The Prince said 
that he would not let to speak to the Regent, but yet he 
doubted that she would make some stay till further restitution 
were made, or that some place and time certain were appointed 
for the Diet. I repaired to Count Egmont, and had almost 
like answer, saving that I found him more frank ; for he told 
me plainly that he thought the Cardinal [Granvelle] before 
his departing had provoked the Regent to take many things 
more heinously than needed. On Palm Sunday I went to 
Viglius, because I understood that he could do more with 
the Regent than half the rest, and told him that our merchants 
had in their hands a great number of cloths, kerseys and other 
things. If they were prohibited to trade hither, necessity 
would compel them to seek some new trade. Her Majesty 
was the only stay. He said that he knew our merchants 
had determined to go to Emden, but they would never find 
better friends. " We know that you have no cause to trust 
the French man neither the Scot, and also we here have no 
good cause why we should trust them . . . But Lord God, 
said he, . . .we live in peace, but we sustain more damage 
than we should do if we had open war ... The accounts 
taken of the damages done now of late mounteth to almost 
two millions of gold. The King of Spain is not so weak but 
if that he would have war with you and license his subjects to 
arm forth against you, we should easily revenge those injuries 
. . . The Queen's Majesty saith that she will maintain the 
amity . . . she hath made proclamations that her subjects 
should give pledge and caution not to injure her friends, but 
what availeth it ? They be but bare words. The pilleries 
do continue still. There is no justice executed." 

Yet in the end, for I tarried with him above an hour and a 
half, I found him more reasonable, and he promised that he 
would be in hand with the Regent that she should condescend 
to a day appointed for the opening of the Intercourse. By 
his means, and I think of the changing of her mind, I was put 
over till Tuesday, and then had audience, Egmont, Barlemont, 
Viglius and the Secretary Vanderaa being present. The 



17 

Regent said she was sorry there should be breach of the amity 
during her government, and asked Viglius to declare her mind. 
He complained of the breach of her Majesty's proclamations ; 
if they were observed, their placets and ordinances would fall 
of themselves. I said little, thinking that if I had asked 
them to open the intercourse, they would have agreed. 
I declared her Majesty's mind according to her letters of 
17th March, which came as happily to my hands the day 
before as could be, or else perchance I had gone too far. 

When I told her Highness that I was charged to repair 
home, she and Viglius changed colour, and I gathered plainly 
that it fell out far otherwise than they looked for. Egmont 
had said to me " If you find the Lady Regent stout, reply 
unto her." After she had stayed a while musing, she desired 
me to retire that she might consult with her Council. Then 
Barlemont came for me, and she said that it was strange to 
her to hear that our men and ships should be stayed in Spain, 
" and I protest openly (said she) that I have not heard of it 
before now, and began very vehemently to request me that 
I would use the office of one that was minded to maintain the 
amity that hath continued so long between . . . the King of 
Spain and the Queen's Majesty, and therefore I pray you . . . 
to declare unto her Majesty that I will want in no part of duty 
to maintain the love and amity between them." 

Endorsed: " For the Lord Chancellor." 7 pp. (I. 101.) 

Sir NICHOLAS THROKMORTON to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, April 8. Troyes. The French have so plainly under- 
stood the Queen's not only inclination, but also resolution 
to some peace so as before we began to treat, they said they 
had the peace in their hands to conclude it as they would; 
which will much hinder her interests. 
, This King will be at Lyons about two months hence. 

I learn from the Duke D'Aumale and other good horsemen 
that your rider Hercules [Trinchetta] is specially able to break 
a dogged horse. (MS. much torn here.) 

1 doubt whether it be meet for you to make so long a journey 
[as to Lyons]. Coming in journey it will be mid June before 
you can arrive at this Court, and not much more haste is to be 
made if you come in post, because you cannot make more than 
four posts a day. 

No one is yet appointed to take the oaths of each other's 
prince. I hear that you shall be grateful to the King if you 
come to do this office. 

2 pp. Holograph ; partly too torn to be legible. (I. 109.) 

Sir FRANCIS ENGLEFIELD to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 
1564, April 8. Antwerp. I am constrained by a particular 
mishap on this side to revive my suit to the Queen and Council 
by letter. I remain unholpen without any particular cause 



18 

showed. Make me know what part of my. suit is taken for 
unjust. It is said that certain reports are written of me that 
hinder me much, but few of them dare appear without a 
vizard. Of her Majesty I ask but pardon for that fault which 
I acknowledge. 
1 p. (I. 113.) 

THOMAS BABNABY to Lord ROBEBT DUDLEY. 

1564, April 14. Troyes. I learn that the Italian esquire 
Hercules [Trinchetta] gives place to no other in breaking young 
and rough horses. He will be brought to you by De Mauvis- 
siere, who is sent to congratulate the peace, and to see if he 
can induce you to come here. Employ your credit with the 
Queen that he may taste the same liberality as Mr. Sommer, 
who received from this King a chain worth 600 French 
crowns. 

The peace is by most well liked here. The King and the 
Queen Mother desire you to be sent here to ratify it. You 
should bring a second person to countervail the credit of 
de Gonor. My old master, though anxious to return home, 
will stay here if desired. 

1| pp. (I. 117.) 

Sir NICHOLAS THBOKMOBTON to Lord [ROBEBT DUDLEY]. 
1564, April 14. Troyes. The great treaty was signed on 
the 6th and that for the particulars on the 7th. The King 
will send to England in about six weeks' time the Prince of 
Mantua and Monsieur de Gonor, who is brother to the late 
Marshal Brisacke, and likely to succeed to his office ; the 
Prince is very modest and with good parts, and likely to 
marry the sister and heiress of the Duke of Navarre. The 
King and Queen Mother wish you to come here, and if not, 
some change will be made in the great personages deleagued 
from here. If you come, the gentlemen in your train should be* 
courteous, and speak French or Italian. You should send over 
a dozen fair and easy paced geldings, for you must make some 
presents. I think Mr. Sommers will be charged to attend you 
on your journey. I see some inklings that the King will 
give you his Order, and possibly exchange orders with our 
Queen. For plate you should stay upon these parcels, silver 
vessel for three messes trenchers agreeable a light bason and 
ewer 8 or 10 slight cups two leyers and no more, so as one 
horse may carry all, and be where you dine or sup, a light 
bed, and your silver vessel should not exceed three score 
pieces, the same to be trussed in leather bagettes on each side 
of the horse, and the rest of the plate to be also trussed upon 
the same horse. I will send Barnaby to you that he may be 
sorted in your livery. You should make no new apparel for 
the voyage, nor bring more suits of all kinds than besides your 
ordinary mail may be carried on one horse, for three or four 
comely suits will suffice as your voyage is in post. 



19 

This King has told De Mauvissiere to bring him some good 
fighting mastiffs and two or three pretty curtals that will 
gallop, and the Queen has told him to bring two or three 
geldings. These should be your presents to them if you come. 

I think the Commissioners shall have charge to speak of other 
matters ; therefore sort yourself accordingly. 

4 pp. Holograph. (I. 121.) 

ADVICES from ITALY. 

1564, April 17, Savoy, and April 19, Turin. The Admiral, 
the Vidame of Chartres, d'Andelot and others have been in 
Geneva and have negotiated with those of the new religion, who 
have elected Monsr. de Mouans as their Captain. They have 
put to death a bandit on account of a plot just discovered in 
Savoy, and in France the Huguenots have killed priests, and 
at Lyons wounded priests going to a funeral. The Constable 
and Conde have been very ill. 

May 5. Vienna. The Emperor does not expect to live long. 
His son, the Archduke Ferdinand and his daughter, the 
Duchess of Bavaria, are here, and the Archduke Charles will 
come in two days. The King [of Poland] our master, left 
Warsaw on April 25 for Vilna to oppose the Muscovites, having 
60,000 horse and 10,000 infantry in the field and much artillery. 
Two ambassadors came to him from the Turk, the first to 
congratulate his victory, and to demand the person of 
Steffano Valacco, who had made himself lord of Wallachia, and, 
after killing the despot, later escaped to Poland. The Poles 
had seized him and his treasure 300,000 ducats. These the 
Turkish ambassador gave to his Majesty, and offering horses 
for use against the Muscovite asked for the continuance of the 
alliance. The second ambassador asked for the same, and 
informed the King that the Turk had determined to make 
war from Tartary, and had raised troops, for which he asked 
passage through the plains of Russia. 

May 6, Rome. Cardinal Carpi died on April 2. He left 
no belongings, except a few antiquities and a Virgil 1,200 years 
old, which he left to the Pope. A new Breviary has been 
printed, which the Pope wishes to be used everywhere, and 
no other. 

The Duke of Florence has resigned in favour of his son, 
wishing him to learn to govern in his lifetime. 

The Duke of Urbino has arrived, and had a private audience 
with the Curia, but his object is unknown. The Marquis of 
Pescara is still here. 

4 pp. Italian. Signed by Marsilio della Croce. (I. 133.) 

SlGNOR GURONE [BERTANO] to BENEDETTO SPINOLA, London. 

1564, April 22. Rome. Thomas Sackville will soon leave 
for England. He has been flatteringly received by the Pope, 
and has had, or will have 500 crowns. I have done more in 
the matter than he yet knows. 



20 

Marc Antonio Colonna will leave for Spain in three or four 
days. Six of his galleys (paid nevertheless by the King of 
Spain) being at Barcelona, his Captain had words with the 
General of the Fleet, and was imprisoned. It is thought that 
Colonna goes to liberate him, and on other of his own affairs, 
he being Duke of Taliacozza, a great Baron of the Kingdom of 
Naples, worth 60,000 or 70,000 crowns the year ; his eldest 
son is to marry a sister of Cardinal Borromei [sic] nephew to the 
Pope. I think therefore that he is sent by the Pope and the 
Cardinal chiefly to satisfy the King of Spain, who is desired by 
the Pope to give precedence to France in the first Chapel. It 
is thought that the Spanish Ambassador may leave Rome in 
consequence. 

2 pp. Italian. On the covering leaf the signature A. Warwyk 
is written several times. (I. 125.) 

MAUVISSIERE DE CASTELNATJ to [Lord ROBERT DUDLEY]. 

1564, April 26. London. I am sorry that her Majesty is not 
sending you to France, but glad to know your affection for 
the King of France and the Queen Mother. I will inform 
them of your wish to give them a spaniel and mastiffs, and 
some cobs (hacquenees). I thank you for those which you 
have sent me. 

1J pp. French. (I. 129.) 

ADVICES. 

1564, May 6, Constantinople. The Coadjutor of the 
Council of Venice, who came here to learn Greek, became 
Turk, and now is one of the Chamber of the grand Signory. 
A Greek who said that the Christian faith was better than the 
Ottoman, was flayed alive. 

May 24. Milan. The Duke of Florence has settled the 
business about the marriage of his son, to whom the Emperor 
gives one of his daughters. The King of Spain has ceded to 
him all his rights over Saresana and Saresanella, but the 
Genoese are suspicious. 

May 27. Rome. Eleven Cardinals, who met at Borromeo's 
house, suggested that the Spanish Ambassador should have 
place next to the last cardinal deacon. This seemed to the 
Pope too honourable, for the Imperial Ambassador would 
be dissatisfied. Finally they proposed to give him place 
above the Protonotary. This did not satisfy the Spanish 
Ambassador altho' they offered to give him the Pax and 
incense ; he went to Borromeo's house, and wished to present 
a petition to the Pope, who would not give way. [A long 
discussion of the arguments is given.] On the next Sunday 
the Pope going to his Chapel with the Ambassador of Florence 
alone, the Ambassador took his place without protest. The 
Pope is sending the Archbishop of Lanciano to the Spanish 
King to explain matters. Cardinal Paciaco has come here, 



21 

and received his Hat in secret Consistory, and it is believed 
that this was done, lest the Spanish Ambassador should have 
had to be present as protector of the King of Castille. The 
Marquis of Pescara has been here, and well received by the 
Pope. He is now gone to Naples. The galleys of the Corsairs 
are about Elba and Civita Vecchia, and have burned a place 
of the Duke of Florence near Piombino. 

May 6. Constantinople. The Sultan has sent to the King of 
Poland to demand Stephano Vallaco, and is likely to receive 
him. An Ambassador has arrived from the King of the Indies 
asking for aid against Portugal, bringing rich jewels. He is uno 
antropofago. 

3| pp. Italian. Signed Marsilio delta Croce, the last two 
lines being autograph, with date Venice 1564, June 3. Seal 
with the arms of Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg. (I. 151.) 

(?) SALVESTBO DIP RO : FEDEBI [torn] to his Excellency [Lord 
ROBERT DUDLEY ?]. 

1564, May 13. A long letter concerning his own proceedings, 
interspersed with many pious observations. He states that 
on Thursday the 3rd inst. he was sent for by Mr. Guido 
Cavalcanti, lately come to London, where were also Mr. Ruleto, 
Ridolfi Damieno, Doffi, and Baptista Fortini. Cavalcanti 
informed him that the Queen had given orders that he was 
at once to leave the kingdom whereupon he embarked the 
very next day at " Margatta," and after a dangerous 
voyage, reached " Doncherche." Here he learned on good 
anthority that the Queen had given no orders for his departure, 
the truth being that " these Florentines " had taken upon them 
too much authority, and done it for their own ends. As he 
holds a patent from the King of Poland, he thinks it very 
unjust that he should have been so treated, and that they ought 
to be punished as well in person as in purse. 

At his departure from England, he left with Mr. Antonio 
Bruschetto a packet of letters in a cover directed to his 
Excellency. If they have not been received, Bruschetto 
must be asked to whom he consigned them. As a faithful 
servant of her Majesty, he must inform his Excellency that 
the Spanish fleet is said to be very large ; good guard should 
be kept, and men in order and readiness in all the bands. 

2 pp. Italian. (I. 131.) 

ADVICES from ITALY. 

1564, May 20. Rome. The Pope and the Cardinals were in 
congregation from 10 to 2 of the vigil of Pentecost to see if 
they could satisfy the Catholic King in the matter of precedence. 
The Ambassador was sent for, and the Pope told him that on 
his succession to the Pontificate having found the French King 
in possession he could not but maintain him there, seeing 
that etiam praedo manutenendus est in sua possessione. Against 



22 

this the Spaniard protested. The Pope proposed to submit 
the question for reference to an impartial judge, if the Catholic 
King wished. 

The Signer Marc Antonio Colonna does not believe that 
the Ambassador will leave Rome. 

2 pp. Italian. (I. 137.) 

ADVERTISEMENTS from ROME. 

1564, May 27. Rome. The Spanish Ambassador has not 
yet left, as it was said he wished to do. I believe he awaits 
fresh instructions from Spain. It may unfortunately be 
guessed what they will be. 

From a discourse with Signor Marc Antonio Colonna, I rather 
believe that he will not go than otherwise. The Pope makes 
much of the French Ambassador. 

A gentleman has been sent in all haste with the originals of 
these letters, in order that you may be able to prove whether 
the letters which go by way of Flanders or the others arrive 
first, and so how you may be best and most quickly advertised 
from hence. 

The Marquis del Guasto came here three days ago from 
Milan, and is going to Naples ; the reason he gives is the illness 
of his mother, but it may be believed that his Catholic Majesty 
will be glad to see him in that kingdom (he being, as you know, 
a great lord) and the rather because of the late commotion at 
Naples. There is no other news here at present. 

1 p. Italian. (I. 141.) 

. 
GEORGE NEDHAM to Sir WILLIAM CECIL. 

1564, May 28. Emden.In my letter of April 13 (*) I 
wrote, of our voyage and matters here to that date. I now 
send a Ruttor (chart) of the sea drawn by William Torverson, 
a merchant with perfect knowledge in navigation. It gives 
the " fawlings " with the dangers and marks along the coast of 
Holland, West Friesland and the river Ember as far as Emden. 
The coast and river are much better to " fawle " withal 
than I thought, as Sir Thos. Cotton and the masters of other 
Queen's ships can declare to you. I enclose to you a proclama- 
tion in Dutch for the free resort of all merchants hither, and a 
picture, the style being written in French and Dutch. A large 
number have been printed in the Netherlands and called in 
again. 

This town was hitherto governed by one Drosart and a 
Burgomaster. Henceforth there are to be a Drosart, four 
Burgomasters, and eight other counsellors out of whom are 
to be chosen yearly two Burgomasters in the place of two 
who are to be removed each year. And ordinances have been 
made for the better order of the town, and 100 burgesses are 
to watch every night. 

* To be found in State Papers, Foreign, Elizabeth, under date. 



23 

The Burgundish people have been slandering us to the 
people of Emden, saying that they of Antwerp trust us in 
nothing, that Bruges and Middleburg had banished us thence, 
that our nobility are maintainers of thieves and that the Queen 
would send ships of war to seize the town of Emden. When 
we went to provide chambers and packhouse for the company, 
we were met with refusals, or offered the worst accommodation. 
But this is now changed. Those of Antwerp had told our 
merchants that Emden was a village no bigger than Gravesend, 
and the river not above four feet deep, so that some have 
stayed at Antwerp, but those who have come are much 
satisfied with this place. The Company is much set against 
Antwerp. 

If the Queen and Council support us, we shall have as good 
sales of our cloth here as we ever had at Antwerp. The air 
here is not good, for they keep many beasts in the town, and 
do not remove the straw and litter, and their canals have no 
current. But this they are improving, and are turning the 
stables into packhouses. And we are having our food well 
cooked by English cooks. 

Those of Antwerp wrote to many towns in Austria and 
Germany that we should not come here. But these towns 
have ascertained the truth for themselves and promise to 
deal with us. The Bishop of Miinster sent his Chancellor to 
enquire, and now has promised to build inns and lodgings 
for merchants and to grant free passage to them through 
his country, and to grave out a river from Miinster to Emden. 
The Bishop of Osnaburg makes like promises. The Duke of 
Cleave, the Landgrave of Hesse and other princes promise their 
goodwill, Thus the Queen will bind to her all the German 
and Austrian princes, which will make her unfriendly neighbours 
of Burgundy smart, and become more neighbourlike. It is 
the Burgundian purse that makes war, not the valiantness 
of the people, and their loss of trade will thus tend to peace, 
as the Queen's father and brother most desired. But no 
particular licences should be given. - 

In Emden 200 burgesses offer to build within a year each 
of them two houses at a cost of 100 marks each, and the town 
will build 40 or 50 houses for the commodity of merchants. 
They surpass Antwerp in speed of building and strength of 
the houses ; yet all their lime is made of cockle shells gotten 
out of the sea, and burnt with turf. 

The three Earls went last week in a boat round the new 
town called the Valder and determined to build round it a 
wall of earth, very high and thick. " Here is great wealth 
and riches, though it appear not by the port and apparel of 
the people : here is a prison in this town, but no prisoners in 
it, and a place of execution, but no sign of any executed in a 
number of years : here is but one advocate or lawyer in this 
town, and yet he is but a beggar : it is a great wonder here 



24 

to hear of a thief, a cutpurse or a bankrupt ; they abhor lying 
here very much : for quietness and honest living here is a heaven." 
Seal. 5J pp. (I. 143.) 

Sir THOMAS CHALONER to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1664, June 7. Madrid. I send herewith copy of my letter 
to you of Jan. 22 last, having no word of the safe arrival of 
my letter of that date to the Queen sent by two hands. I thank 
you for yours of March 22 "in which I have imprinted the 
image of that noble Duke your Father's favour " towards me. 
Your noble gentleness has won of me a determinate mind to 
desire the continuance of my bond from the Father to the son. 
You " at my return shall mark in me a plain unpainted love 
not set forth to the Court show but sound at the bottom." 
Your rider is ready to depart with me. Set in your hand 
and favour that I be kept here no longer. I am so sickly and 
tired that I cannot make double repetition of my letter to the 
Queen of this present. I trust to provide two or three jennets 
worthy the presenting to her, and if I can, will obtain license 
for the transportation of six more within a year's space. 
I crave you to take in worth two skins for a jerkin and harness, 
and half-a-dozen pairs of gloves all perfumed with flowers, 
sent by this bearer, my servant Farnham. " The savour is 
delicate and must not be laid near apples, quinces, or such 
like things that will take away the smell." Such skins are 
rare this year, " because that a late restraint suffereth no 
more skins nor gloves to pass from Valencia hither. When 
I come myself, if I can, I will provide better besides some other 
toys." 

5 pp. Holograph. (I. 157). 

IL STUERDO (?) to BONIFACCIO DEL SOLERO at Venice. 
1564, June 10. Rome. Information as to movements of 
galleys, and other Italian news. 
3 pp. Italian. (I. 163.) 

SEBASTIANO BRUSCHETTO to BENEDETTO SPINOLA, London. 
1564, June 13. Rome. We have good hopes that Ferrabosco 
will return to the service of her Majesty, and that by means 
of Signor Gurone, who has dropt a few words to a gentleman 
of Cardinal Farnese concerning his desire to do so. His father 
is no longer in Rome, so that the matter cannot be settled 
at once ; otherwise he might have travelled to England with 
the Master of the Horse, as he wished. As to a lady for her 
Majesty, Signora Lucia Bertana has written to a lady of 
Bologna to enquire whether she would serve a great lady out 
of Italy, without mentioning her name. The matter cannot 
be in better hands than in those of the Signora and the Duchess 
of Taliacozza. I have enquired about a lute-player at 
Bologna, who is very celebrated and would be a fit person to 
serve the Count. 



25 

Postscript. In my last I asked you to remit 50 crowns, 
which otherwise Gurone would have to pay. This proving 
inconvenient, we had recourse to Signor Pallavicini. 

2| pp. Italian ; holograph. (I. 167.) 



SEBASTIANO BRUSCHETTO to Lord ROBERT [DUDLEY]. 

1564, June 17. Rome. Apologizing for not having 
troubled him with letters, assuring him of his desire to serve 
him, and that he will do all possible to engage Signor Gurone's 
help in affairs relating to her Majesty and his Lordship. 

1 p. Italian. Holograph. Endorsed in error, Anthony 
Bruschetto. (I. 171.) 

Paper headed Sir THOMAS CUSAKE'S ADVICE for orders to 
be taken presently in IRELAND. 

[1564, Summer ; after the departure of Sussex.] The north 
of Ireland being at peace no great care to be taken of the 
rest, it being only necessary to maintain the peace. 

The garrison, now 1,500 in wages besides 300 kerns, may 
be reduced one-half. Not more than 700 or 800 can be had 
in time of service for lack of musters. 

The governor should not be an Earl or Lord, and his stipend 
should be 1,500/. with only 100 men in wages. Sussex had 
2,500/. with 50 "dead payes," 100 men in wages for his house, 
with corn and other perquisites. The Queen will save half on 
this item. 

She will also save 3,000. on the army, and the Treasurer should 
have 180Z. and 40 men in wages, but to forego men except 6. 
The Master of Ordnance to have stipend, but only 6 men ; 
in time of service he should have men out of every band to 
attend him. 

The office of Lieutenants of the Forts was created by 
Sir E. Bellingham. A Captain will do in his stead in every 
fort, there being now 3 or 4 captains in both forts. This will 
save 1,OOOZ. per annum. 

The bands to be reduced to hundreds, with captain and 
officers to every hundred, but not double officers. For 40 they 
had a captain and lieutenant and his officers. This will save 
1,OOOJ. 

The Queen is charged with 20 men in garrison at Alone [sic], 
Leghlen bridge [Leighlin] and Even. These garrisons may 
be discharged. Those who keep the houses should defend 
them. A saving of 500/. 

Captains and soldiers have lands in Leix and Offaly, and 
wages besides. They should be discharged out of wages. 
The country will be as well people and defended, and 3,OOOZ. 
saved. 

There are 200 soldiers in both Leix and Offaly ; 100 may 
be discharged in each and the wages of 100 men saved. 



26 

Till the Conors and Mores be brought to order, the 
300 kerns in wages should be appointed to serve in these 
borders, and the two countries be compelled to find till Candle- 
mas 100 in every country. The other borders to find 100 at 
no charge to the Queen. 

The English 1,000 or more tall archers, arquebusiers and 
footmen with 200 horse to be always ready. That will desire 
no wages but in time of service. Certain gentlemen to be 
their captains and to be considered for their pains. 

Finally Desmond observing this promise and Commissioners 
going with him to his country, the disorders in his absence 
to be reformed. 

Thus her Majesty shall save half her charges, and the subjects 
of the Isle be better defended. 

3 pp. (II. 671.) 

NEWS from ROME. 

[1564, June.] The Pope has settled the precedency question 
in favour of France. The Spaniard protested. 

The Emperor has been ill, but is now out of danger. 

The King of France is at Dijon and will go to Lyons to settle 
matters. 

Garcia de Toledo is at Genoa with 15 galleys and is to 
command the fleet which is going to Algiers or Tripoli. 

Letters of May 17. Infantry has been sent to Sarzana and 
has fortified La Speza [Spezzia] and a few places in Corsica. 

p. Italian. (II. 533.) 

SEBASTIANO BRTJSCHETTO to BENEDETTO SPINOLA, London. 

1564, June 17, Rome. I wrote to your honour five days ago, 
since which nothing of importance has occurred, so that I 
shall be the briefer. 

Only touching Ferrabosco, I have to say that either because 
the youth has shown himself too desirous to leave the Cardinal, 
and therefore has raised suspicion that he has been suborned 
by Signor Gurone, or for some other reason, not only is the 
Cardinal changed towards the youth, but also towards Gurone, 
albeit, in truth, quite wrongly. For, as a gentleman versed 
in the customs of noblemen, he has moved very circumspectly, 
and before he said a word to the young man, he spoke to the 
Cardinal ; indeed, out of respect to him, he even made me 
keep back for more than ten days a letter written to Ferrabosco 
by your brother. So that, up to the present, we do not know 
what will happen as regards his going, especially as Signor 
Gurone holds his ground, and cares little for the anger of the 
Cardinal, in the service of the Queen, knowing he has not 
merited it. 

Although they are both incensed with the Cardinal about 
this, yet it has been said that after all he was able to 
entertain the young man well, and that money was not so 



27 

plentiful in England or at the English Court that he could 
have any great hopes from thence. I tell you this to show 
you what is thought here about English affairs. To the same 
end, I will say that a few days ago, Signor Gurone being in 
discourse with the French Ambassador, the Ambassador said 
that the Queen was little enough loved in her kingdom ; but 
whether he said this to sow discord for some end of his own, 
or had really understood as much, I do not know. But I 
think it well to inform you of all reports concerning her 
Majesty ; whether or not they are of consequence, you yourself 
can judge. 

1 do not begin to send advices to his Lordship until you tell 
me whether to do so or not, but meanwhile will not fail to give 
you information of all that happens. 

Postscript. There is no news here save that it is said (but 
with little certainty) that Don Garzia, general of the fleet 
of the Catholic King, has taken six of the galleys that were 
attacking San Firenze in Corsica. 

2J pp. Italian. (I. 175.) 

GTJRONE BERTANO to SIGNOR ROBERTO [DUDLEY]. 

1564, June 24. Rome. The news is here of the Duke of 
Ferrara and the Duke of Savoy, who are going to Lyons to 
visit the Queen and the King. The former goes for his money, 
lent for the late war, and also in relation to his marriage, as 
I hear for certain that the Emperor will not give him the 
daughter he desires, namely Giovanna, and Barbara does not 
please him, as being unlikely to bear children. The Emperor 
wishes to marry the former to the Vaivode of Transylvania. 
I think that the Imperial people are doing this to prevent 
the Duke of Ferrara marrying, and then to give Giovanna to 
the Duke of Florence. Savoy, taking his wife with him, 
goes with the design of getting French help against Geneva 
and the Lutherans. The Pope is sending to Lyons to support 
his suit. Geneva will have little chance against the Duke, 
the French, the Pope and the Catholic King. 

The Corsairs are very active, and although not equal to 
face the Spanish fleet, they may seriously endanger the Tripoli 
enterprise, which even now is in great danger. 

2 pp. Italian. Signed. Seal. (I. 183.) 

SEBASTIANO BRUSCHETTO <to BENEDETTO SPINOLA, London. 

1564, June 24. Rome. If the Master of Horse does not 
appear as soon as his Excellency and your honour expect him, 
it will not be to be wondered at, for the very evening before 
he was to start (that is six days ago) he was arrested by one 
to whom a horse had been sold by his means. The man com- 
plained that the horse was short-winded, and was determined 
that the Master should make it good to him, declaring that he 
had taken the horse upon his word. I, and Signor Gurone 



28 

also, believe that the matter sprang from another source, 
seeing that the Cardinal Farnese, as I wrote to your honour, 
was somewhat vexed with Signor Gurone on account of 
Ferraboscho, and finding him hold his ground (as indeed he 
has cause), perhaps thought, by treating the Master of Horse 
in this way, to put him to ridicule. Be that as it may, Signor 
Gurone has offered, sooner than that Claudio should lose 
time here, to be bound for him as regards this controversy, 
and is sending him a quicker way, and Ferraboscho with him, 
but secretly, because, although he has had leave from the 
Cardinal, he did not say that he wished to go to England, but 
merely to his home at Bologna. 

As Signor Gurone has sent his Excellency all the news, I 
will only add a few minor matters which he omitted, as that 
the Pope a few days ago gave the Signoria of Venice a very 
fine palace here in Rome which is called St. Mark. The cause 
of this fresh courtesy is not exactly known. It may be there 
was some idea that, as the palace is not finished, and was begun 
by a Venetian Pope [Paul II.], if given to the Signoria, they would 
finish it, which will cost a great sum, and the pontiffs will 
none the less enjoy it as they are accustomed always to do in 
the summer, it being situated in the coolest part and the best 
air of Rome. 

Cardinal Borromei [sic] has begun to reform, in order to give 
an example to the other Cardinals and prelates, in pursuance 
of the decree passed against the pomp of this Court, both as 
to Cardinals, Bishops and others. 

3 pp. Italian. (I. 179.) 

The BURGOMASTER and COUNCIL OF ANTWERP to Lord 
ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, June 30. Antwerp. We feel we must thank you for 
your letter and the goodwill shewn therein towards the Low 
Countries and this town. We hope the ancient amity between 
us and England may still be renewed, and that our Regent 
will meet your court and nation in the matter of trade. 

1 p. Unsigned. French. (I. 187.) 

Sir WILLIAM CECIL to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, June. This Thursday. I doubt how the French King 
will resolve whom to send [to ratify the treaty of Troyes] except 
he be advertised whom the Queen will send. 

I think Sir Nicholas Throgmorton shall be here before any 
shall be ready from here. 

I beseech you to inform the Queen that the two treaties 
must be delivered to the French ambassador before Saturday 
at night. 

Being sent hither to-morrow signed by her, they may be sealed 
here, and knowing her pleasure I shall deliver them to the 



29 

French Ambassador on Saturday, having some Doctor of the 
Archives and a notary to testify the due delivery thereof. 
On Saturday at night I will wait upon you. 

1 p. Holograph. Seal. Signature torn off. (I. 193.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW to LORD [ROBERT DUDLEY?]. 

1564 [?] July 10. Paris. He has been granted leave by 
Lord Hunsdon to remain behind him for private business 
with Monsr. de Beauvais. When he took leave of the King 
and the Queen Mother, they sent their commendations to 
his lordship desiring his help for the preservation of this new 
league between the Queen and them. 

D'Aumale and the Count of Guise send thanks for his 
lordship's friendly usage of their brothers passing through Eng- 
land. D'Anville was absent, but Killigrew returning by 
Orleans received his wife's commendations to his lordship, 
of which Lord Strange was witness, who has shown himself 
friendly to his lordship this journey. Commendations also 
from Vielleville, the Bishop of Valence, Monsr. d'Alluy and 
Monsr. de Sence. 

1J pp. (II. 525.) 

MAUVISSIERE DE CASTELNAU to the MASTER OF THE HORSE 

OF ENGLAND. 

1564, July 11. London. Requesting that Jehan Combes, 
Frenchman of the Ambassador's household, imprisoned on a 
charge which the bearer will state, may be released on bail, 
and if guilty may be fined or otherwise punished without 
infamy. 

1 p. Seal. French. (I. 189.) 

ADVICES from VENICE. 

1564, Aug. 26. The Spanish Ambassador is leaving Rome, 
and lies with Cardinal Pacecco, while his own house is being 
avoided of its stuff. 

The Pope had mass for the Emperor at Santo Apostolo [sic], 
and was present himself with all the Cardinals, and ordered ser- 
vices in all churches. He sends Cardinal Altaemps to condole 
with Maximilian, and has stopped all his building and fortifying. 

San Pietro Corso is still in Corsica and has had his Captain 
Bavario of Corsica slain. 

The Genoese general in Corsica offers pardon to all Corsicans 
who return to their allegiance. 300 Turkish pirates and 
Corsairs landed there ; 12 were taken by Corso and the rest slain. 

The Malta galleys recovered the ship taken by Corsairs, laden 
with alum for Rouen. 

King Philip aids the Genoese against Corso with 10 galleys 
and 1,500 men at his own charge. 

Philip's son Charles shall marry Maximilian's eldest daughter. 

The fleet from the Indies arrived in Spain with six millions of 
gold, half for the King, half for private merchants, 



30 

There have been great earthquakes near Nice. 500 were 
killed. 

At Vienna French and other Ambassadors have arrived to 
condole with the Emperor's sons for their father's death. 

2 pp. (I. 197.) 

Sir THOMAS CHALONEE to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, Sept. 26. Madrid. Your letter of July 15 has only 
reached me this day. Having been here three years, and one 
year in Flanders, I am anxious to be at home. Trade being 
stopped with Flanders I receive no bills of exchange, and you 
can judge how sweetly I pay for the money I borrow. I have 
things that I cannot write. If I had had, not so late, advice 
of things determined at home, I might have prevented things 
to a better issue. Now I fare like Cassandra, who was never 
believed. I am not ignorant what opinion some unadvised 
folks have of me for this or that. When I talk with a man 
of reason, as you are, I shall give such account of myself #s 
blame shall not appear. When I come home I purpose to 
live a retired life to myself, my friends and my books. The 
rider tarrieth only but my departure hence to accompany me. 

7 pp. Holograph. (I. 199.) 

Sir THOMAS CHALONER to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, Sept. 27. Madrid. After the enclosing up of my 
other letter of this date, I received a letter from my servant 
Farnham that he had delivered my letter to the Queen and 
the copy to you. He writes that her Majesty gave no answer 
of any great hope of my recall. If I die here as sure this winter 
will make an end of me, then will they think of another for 
the place. All my things at home run to manifest wrack, my 
receivers in the country keep my rents, and I am eaten up by 
interest. A new broom shall sweep clean ; I am worn to the 
stumps. If her Majesty sends another here, the King will 
allow me to leave without waiting for his arrival. 

Postscripta. At Barcelona last March I heard one Fabricio 
Denti, a Neapolitan, son to Luys Denti, play on the lute. 
The Father was offered of King Henry VIII 1,000 crowns 
pension yearly to serve him. The Father's play was mean, but 
his voice very sweet. The son's " play for clean handling and 
deep music and parts, and excellent fingering " is uncomparable 
of any I ever heard. He sings " in a feigning (falsetto) voice 
after Napolitan fashion." He intends to come to kiss the 
Queen's hand. I recommend him to you. An entertainment 
of 400 crowns a year would not be out of the way. My brother 
Francis writes that you gave Philip de Austria the Moor 10Z. 
besides the Queen's gift. On this side I see no such liberality 
to any coming from England, but " I see that blood in you 
cannot lie ... A penny often given winneth a pound of 
goodwill," The Queen's " housewives clean out of purpose 



31 

counsel her how to pull a billet from the fire ; their wit were 
more praiseworthy how for every billet spared to bring in a 
load." 

8 pp. Holograph. Endorsed. (I. 207.) 

Sir THOMAS SMITH to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY. 

1564, Sept. 29. Avignon. This day at dinner de Mauvissiere 
tells me that the King has chosen you knight and companion of 
the Order of St. Michael. 

Endorsed : " Sir Tho. Smyth Ambassador." Signature torn 
off. & p. Cf. Col. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., 1564, Sept. 30. (I. 217.) 

To the EARL OF LEICESTER and MR. SECRETARY. 
OCCTJRRENTS since my last DISPATCH. 

[1564,] Oct. 17. [Marseilles ?] Captain Cobron and another 
Scotchman of the Guard and an Almain speaking English 
followed the King who had gone to Aix in Provence by 
St. Remy. They with many ladies of the Court and Secretary 
Dallny went by Cavaillon, a town of the Pope, in the Venaissin. 
There they were refused food and provender, and were not 
admitted to the town. The three before named then burst so 
the gate that an unsaddled horse might get in, and so let in 
Dallny, the ladies and the horses. The chiefs of the town 
went to council. The Scot cried ' Tue, tue, feu, feu.' Dallny 
made as though to entreat the three to do no harm. The 
townsmen soon gathered heart and demanded that the three 
should be given up. Dallny said that they only desired occasion 
to sack the Pope's towns, and as they had 300 or 400 arque- 
busiers behind them, it were best to let them go and be happy 
to be rid of them. They went off and the town-council thanked 
Dallny and made him and the ladies good cheer. Then the 
populace wanted to slay the Council for suffering them to go 
who had outraged their maiden town. A complaint was 
made to the Chancellor through the Constable. The matter 
is now turned to a laughing game, and it is a pastime at Court 
to tell how three men " backed with a sight of poor ladies " 
took Cavaillon. Now without a bullet or command they will 
let no one into their towns. 

Oct. 29. The Duke of Savoy is said to have told the King 
in Council that he would be ill-advised to break the Edict of 
the Peace made at Orleans. In Provence men are much 
divided about religion, and contrary petitions have been made 
to the King, who promises to reply to them at Tarascon. 
To-day there was a mischance at Marseilles in which the 
Captain of the town was killed. It was begun by one of the 
Rhyngrave's men, but the Rhyngrave says that this man has 
often saved his life, arid that if he is punished he will quit the 
service of France. 

Oct. 31. All connected with the Court are ordered to leave 
Marseilles . Many exceptions are granted by the King. 



32 

Nov. 3. The Duke of Savoy is reported from Avignon to 
have received an Ambassador from the Swiss and made terms 
with the Bernates, they restoring to him three out of seven 
disputed balliages. 

Marshal Villeville and the Bishop of Limoges are not 
returned from the Swiss Cantons. The Swiss will make no 
new league unless they are paid what is due to them. Lately 
packets came here from Scotland, some from the Cardinal of 
Lorraine, one messenger had been to the new Emperor. 

Nov. 6. To-day the King made entry into Marseilles. The 
next day the five Malta galleys counterfeited a battle, three 
against two, as the King came from Mass. The Marquis 
Dalbeouf [D'Elboeuf] went with ten galleys to Toulon to meet 
the King there. They have been kept there by bad weather. 
The Marquis is returned. 

Since leaving Aix, where they stayed 5 days, the Court has 
only visited places of pleasure and pastime in this goodly 
country where oranges, lemons, and pomecitrons grow, and 
there is no winter. There is plague here, and it is still sore 
at Valence ; at Lyons it slacketh. 

Nov. 8. Four of the King's galleys skirmished with four 
of the Maltese galleys. The next day the King and his brother, 
in Turkish dress, heard mass, and then the King and the 
Queen went in a galley to the Castle of If, and dined on board. 

Nov. 12. The Rhyngrave's men who were taken for killing 
the Captain are released. The King is said to have discharged 
20 prisoners out of each galley. 

6 pp. (I. 239.) 

Sir THOMAS SMITH to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY.* 

1564, Oct. 21. Tarascon. At the coming hither of 
Jo. Baptista all the Court is full that you are, or shortly shall 
be, made Duke. The " Countie Ryngrave " cometh into 
England with the collar of this order to put into the Queen's 
hands to dispose of as shall be her pleasure. " The King here 
giveth you the prerogative of his voice." 

Let the Queen have an eye to the practises in Scotland : 
they tend to the subversion of the religion there, and the breach 
of the amity between us and that realm. Yet the Ambassador 
here says that Jo. Baptista brought him no letter out of 
Scotland. There is too much intelligence between Rome, 
them, and some in this Court, and words are cast out that 
shortly " the mass should up again in Scotland ; the Queen 
be set at liberty who, they say, is now in bondage, and the 
occasioned of the alteration in religion lose their heads." 
I have sent piecemeal to you and Mr. Secretary as they did 
occur, conjecture of their doings. " You that be nearer see 
more, and do daily look to it. ... If I could have some light from 

* Dudley was created Earl of Leicester on Sept. 29, but for some little 
time persons p,t a distance addressed him by his old name. 



33 

thence, perad venture I should see more here. But no country 
is so still, I suppose, for advertising their Ambassadors 
as ours is." I have written to the Queen and Mr. Secretary, 
who, I am sure, doth communicate my letters to you. It 
is told here that he goeth, or is gone, to the Emperor. If he 
be gone, open my letter to him. 

Bateras, lieutenant to Danville, hath been with me shewing 
that I have complained of him to you without cause, and 
that he hath been or [ere] this Ambassador himself and that 
he hath learnt to speak correctement. I answered that a 
gentleman of mine Francis Barlow was there with you, who 
saw and heard all that passed then betwixt us, and hath or 
can declare all to you. 

1J pp. (I. 223.) 

W[ILLIAM] WHITINGHAM. DEAN OP DURHAM to [the EARL OF 
LEICESTER ?]. 

1564, Oct. 28. Durham. Having heard that an injunction, 
compelling the clergy to wear the old popish apparel, is either 
passed, or at hand, requests the Earl's intercession. He 
quotes from the Fathers in Latin, and appeals to the example 
of Christ who would not suffer his disciples to wash their 
hands as the Pharisees did. 

" If our apparel seem not so modest and grave as our vocation 
requireth, neither sufficient to discern us from men of other 
callings, we refuse not to wear such as shall be thought to the 
godly and prudent magistrates for these uses most decent." 

Endorsed: Mr. Whittingham, Dean of Durham, touching 
the injunction for " cappes and typpettes." 

7J pp. Holograph. (I. 227.) 

GUIDO CAVALCANTI to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1564, Nov. 14. Marseilles. A few days ago I wrote to 
your Excellency of my journey hither, to see whether I could 
pass into Italy by the Maltese galleys, which have since arrived ; 
but it is believed that, having come into this port, they will 
have great difficulty in entering the ports of Italy, and I have 
been advised not to sail in them, lest they should carry me 
where I do not wish to go. 

I have therefore decided to stay here until I can go with my 
horses, which I believe may be when Christmas is past ; the 
plague will probably then be over and no difficulty be made 
in Italy. It is true that in Venice they are more cautious 
than elsewhere, and I may not be able to go there until later. 
This being the case, I have determined to write (on that 
matter of which your Excellency knows) after the manner 
which you will see in the enclosed copy, and I believe this will 
have more result than if I went in person. The gentleman 
to whom I write, who was the last Ambassador from here, is 
an intimate friend of mine, and a wellwisher to this country. 

P 3 



34 

I do not doubt that he will make the senators better under- 
stand the meaning of my letter than if I myself had gone. 

If, however, he should write that it would be well for me to 
do so, I will go there as quickly as possible. 

It remains to be seen whether my letter will bear any fruit 
and I believe I shall have to wait at any rate for the winter, 
seeing that those gentlemen are slow in moving. If no result 
appears, it will be a sign that some consideration is holding 
them back, and her Majesty will see that the affair cannot be 
managed in this way. I believe the gentleman will, in any 
case, reply, though he may be slow in doing so. When the 
answer comes, I will send it at once to your Excellency, who, 
meanwhile, will design to inform her Majesty of what has 
occurred, that she may not believe me forgetful of her words, 
or imagine that my desire to serve her has cooled, which will 
certainly never happen. 

If pp. Italian. (I. 235.) 

THOMAS [EARL OF] ORMOND to Lord ROBERT DUDLEY (sic). 

[1564,] Nov. 23. Dublin. The Earl of Desmond daily 
spoils the Queen's subjects under my rule, and hath murdered 
and spoiled divers of my tenants and servants. I have had 
no restitution. Now last of all when I come to advertise the 
Lord Justice of this, Desmond hath taken from the Abbey of 
Athashell, a farm of mine, 1,000 kyne besides other cattle, 
and 1,000/. worth of household stuff, and killed four of the best 
farmers in the same Abbey. I am commanded still to forbear 
revenge. I beseech you let the Queen have knowledge of it 
that some speedy remedy be had. I would sooner end my life 
than suffer thus. I pray you be a means to the Queen to write 
straightly to the Lord Justice and Council here to send for 
Desmond and to stay him till the restoring as well of all the 
goods awarded to me by the first Commissioners appointed 
by the Earl of Sussex at Clonmel, otherwise that the Queen 
will license me with force to withstand his attempts. 

2f pp. Seal. (I. 247.) 

ENRICO, DUKE OF BRUNSWICK and LUNENBURG . to Lord 

ROBERT DUDLEY (sic). 

1564, Nov. 24. Worden. The causes of my not having 
answered the Queen's letter are two difficulties which you 
ought to know ; the one is that I have been tied to the service 
of the King of Spain and of the King of Denmark, which 
obligations are now finished ; the other is that I have been 
ill for a year, and so I waited and thought it was better not 
to treat of the thing that was put before you. I therefore beg 
you to defend me to the Queen, and this will also serve to let 
you know how I sent my Captain and servant to the Count of 
Schonberg and to my chatelain at Worden that they should 
visit the Queen on my behalf, and also your Lordship, to 



35 

whom I beg you to give credence on my behalf as to myself, 
and to show yourself in this affair, as you have promised by 
letters, a true brother and friend. I will serve you with my 
heart and blood when needed. 

1J pp. Holograph. Spanish. On the address, Mano 
propria. (I. 251.) 

Sir THOMAS CHALONER to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1564, Nov. 30. Madrid. Mr. Secretary wrote to me on 
Sept. 23 how the Queen would have me stay here till next 
spring to accompany the Catholic King or his son should 
either repair to Flanders. I see no likelihood of either of 
them going this next twelve months. 

Casting over my books I find I have spent in the two years 
ended Michaelmas last 130,000 reals of plate at Qd. the piece, 
besides other sums and charges in England for interest. 
Sir Thomas Gresham's servant Kichard Clough from Sept. 1653 
to Sept. 1654 has had made over to him for my use forth of 
England almost 1,900?. Flemish, and I have spent in one 
year 1,200 crowns more received at other hands, and have 
scarcely 6,000 reals left. In 3J years here I have never had 
one penny of ayuda de costas besides my ordinary diet. The 
Bishop of Aquila, while in England, the cheapest place in the 
world, had besides his diet at three sundry times 9,000 ducats 
in reward, besides the debt he incurred there of 17,000 ducats 
since paid of this King. I have been three years in Spain and 
am so sickly that I can scarce put pen to paper. 

It is a great oversight of my Lords at home to have no 
young men trained up under the older to serve the State. 
Next Christmas shall be the sixth I am abroad, and I have 
never had one letter of thanks from the Queen. She should 
in any case revoke me on account of my sickness. The King 
will not take this time of vacation amiss, and the Queen 
will save my successor's diet for four months or three. 

The passage from Plymouth to Bilboa is but a pastime in 
summer, and he may bring plate napery and liveries for two 
or three years. I passed in the heart of the winter, and so 
had to spend 2,000 ducats here. 

Being certain of my return I will move the King for licence 
for the jennets you wrote of, and the sooner I return the 
better I shall be able to spare for their providing. 

Postscript. Holograph. I want a secretary as you " may 
perceive by this false written letter which I wrote the minute of 
with a fit of an 18 hours ague on my shoulders." If you wish, 
I can get the Queen's arms engraved in a ruby or diamond, 
which no other master save one I think in Europe can do. 

One Lewis Morgan is here, attendant on Mr. Smyth, well 
known for his valiance at the assault of St. Quenten. His 
suit appears by the enclosed. His pardon granted, he would 
return to serve the Queen. He says my Lord Henry, your 
brother, whom God pardon, was his special good lord, 



36 

Enclosure. For the murder of David ap Llewellyn at 
Brecknock in Aug. 1552 two men (names given) were 
executed, one was pardoned. I Lewis Morgan, having agreed 
with the parties of Ap Llewellyn, require only the Queen's 
pardon. 6 pp. (I. 255.) 

MAESILIO DELLA CKOCE to JOHN SHERS, London. 

1564, Dec. 2. Venice. News from Vienna, November 23. 
All efforts are being made to procure men to send to the 
frontiers. Signer Lazaro Suende is made general of the 
Germans and Signer Battorj of the Hungarians ; there are 
also some Italian Captains, as Signer Ortansio Vesconte, Captain 
Rosello and others, who, it is said will conduct those Italians 
of whom Signer Castaldo is to be the General. The Transyl- 
vanian, we now learn, has repassed the river Tibisco [Theiss], 
and withdrawn, having left good garrisons in those places of 
importance which he has taken, and it is hoped he will give 
no more trouble, the rather as the plague has appeared in 
divers places of the country. 

The Count Olivero d'Arco has returned from England, where 
he saw performed the obsequies of the Emperor Ferdinand, 
at a cost which exceeded twelve thousand crowns for decora- 
tions, alms to the poor and banquets as is the custom there ; 
her Majesty means to send an Ambassador to make her 
condolences to his Imperial Majesty as soon as he send 
intelligence of his father's death, in the same manner as to other 
princes. 

From Rome. Signor Castiglione has returned from the Car- 
dinal of Trent. It is supposed that he went to inquire whether 
the Cardinal would be willing to give up the State of Galese, for 
the price at which he bought it, to the sister of the Signori 
Alto Emps ; but it is said that the Cardinal is not willing to 
do anything, and has left suddenly for Trent. On Tuesday, 
Signor Hernando di Torres started for Civita Vecchia, sent 
by his Holiness to do honour to Don Garzia, from whom 
letters have come to Cardinal Paciocco, dated the 18th inst. 
from Porto Ferraro. He is waiting there for the Signor Gio. 
Andrea Doria, to make some exchange of troops, and will then 
come to Civita Vecchia and so to Rome, where he will be 
much feted. The same day, the Pope sent the " Cadamosto " 
to the Duke of Urbino, to order him to give no passes to the 
exiles of Ascoli, but rather, if they came by chance that way, 
to have them taken. 

Yesterday, in a congregation of the Council, the time for 
Portugal was prorogued for four months, with option of two 
more at the pleasure of the Cardinal Infante. 

It is said that the Pope means to suspend all building paid 
for from his own purse, not wishing to spend more than a 
thousand crowns a month ; but the fortifications will be 
continued, as that expense is assigned upon the duties on 
meat and flour. It is also said that the Pope has given 



37 

Signer Brunero, lord of Furlimpoli in Romagna, some castles 
of the Archbishop of Ravenna, for three generations, for which 
favour he pays 20,000 crowns. 

Cardinal Pisani being to-day in the Consistory, some thieves 
broke into his chamber and stole 7,000 crowns, of which, so 
far, nothing has been recovered. He has since asked 
Cardinal Vitelli for the money lent him to pay for the 
Chamberlainship, but the said Cardinal answered that he 
had not got it. 

Within two or three days, Signor Marc Anth. Colonna and 
the Bishop of Parma are expected here, and a few days later, 
Count Annibale Emps from Spain, on whose arrival it is 
believed that his Holiness will proceed to the making of a 
Cardinal, which has been hitherto postponed. 

Seven ships laden with corn from Puglia (Apulia) have 
arrived at Naples, and another Venetian ship which ran aground 
at the mouth of the harbour, so that the necessities of that 
place are much relieved. 

The Viceroy of Naples is expected to pass through Rome 
with his wife, in order to go, he into Spain, and she into 
Germany, thence to escort into Spain the eldest daughter 
of the Emperor. His Cathoh'c Majesty has given the said 
Viceroy an order for 8,000 crowns of revenue, and 40,000 in 
ready money. His Majesty has made the Marquis of Pescara 
commander in chief in Corsica, with 10,000 infantry, to be 
drawn partly from the galleys, partly from the state of Milan, 
joined to those already in Corsica ; but it is not known 
whether the Marquis has accepted. 

The infantry under Signor Steffano Doria have given a 
sharp stroke to the troops of San Pietro Corso, and have burnt 
a place which adhered to him. Signor Steffano is said to have 
fallen ill. 

News comes from Vienna of a quarrel there between the 
Signers Tristano Savorgnana and Federico Collerado. It 
came to the Emperor's ears, and he confined them to their 
dwellings, but by the good offices of his Majesty's Marshal they 
are reconciled, and have given their word of honour to keep 
the peace towards each other. 

Postscript, in Delia Grace's own hand. The Turk has given 
20,000 bushels (" stara ") of grain for Cyprus and Candia 
and it is hoped he will give 50,000 more. 

3 pp. Italian. (I. 271.) 

ADVICES from VENICE and ROME. 

1564, Dec. 2. Venice. Letters from Vienna of Nov. 23 
say that the Emperor has appointed certain of his Council to 
send soldiers out of hand to Hungary against the Vivoida of 
Transylvania, and Lawrence [sic] Swendy to be captain of the 
Almains, Captain Battorj of the Hungarians, Alphonso vice 
conte (sic) and Captain Rossello of the Italians ; John Baptista 
Gastoldo to be General, 



38 

The Vivoida has retired over the Tibisco but leaves the 
places he has taken well furnished with men and munition. 
The Emperor imagines that he is forced to retire either by the 
pestilence raging on this side of the Tibisco, or not having 
wherewith to continue the war. 

At Court a quarrel fell out between Tristram Savorgnano 
and Count Federico Coleredo. The former seeing the latter 
on the other side of the street sent to tell him to salute him, 
but the end of his talk should be with his sword in his hand. 
The Count replied that if he were so dealt with, he should 
call him by the order of arms, for neither place nor time served 
for that purpose. The Emperor hearing it, confined them to 
their lodging, and reconciled them through his Marshal. 

Count Olivaro di Arco, now from England, reports that he 
saw the exequies of the Emperor Ferdinand kept in England 
with much pomp, at a charge of over 12,000 crowns. The Queen 
had Ambassadors in readiness to send to the Emperor, if he 
had given her to wit of his Father's death, as he did to her 
neighbours. 

Letters from Rome of Nov. 25 say that the Pope sent to the 
Cardinal of Trent to forego the estate of the manor of 
Gaelese to the sister of Count Annibal Emps for the 
original purchase-money, because Alt' Emps has 25,000 crowns 
due to him out of the manor. The Cardinal is retired to 
Trent. 

On Nov. 18. Cardinal Pacecco had letters from Don Garcia 
de Toledo from Porto Fino that he was looking for John Andrew 
Doria to receive certain footmen from him and to send back 
others to Corsica by him. The Pope then sent Sr. Hernando 
de Torres to pay honour to Garcia at Civita Vecchia. 

The Pope also sent to the Duke of Urbino that he allow 
none of the outlaws of Ascoly to escape through his dominions. 

The Pope has prorogued for four months in Portugal the 
Decrees of the Council of Trent. 

He will stop all building and save money except 1,000 crowns 
a month which he receives upon flesh and flour. He has sold 
to Borromeo, one of his nephews certain castles in Romagna 
for three lives for 30,000 crowns. 

While Cardinal Pisani was at the Consistory 7,000 crowns 
were stolen out of his chamber. 

The new Viceroy of Sicily returns to Spain by Rome with 
his wife, who shall go thence to the Emperor and bring his 
eldest daughter to Spain. King Philip has given the said late 
Viceroy a commenda worth 8,000 crowns a year. 

5 pp. (I. 265.) 

[? JOHN SHERS] to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1564, Dec. 2. From my lodgings. Of four matters, first 

for the correcting and purging those malicious opinions of 

us in most places of traffic, touching piracy, and better 

encouragement of the merchant to haunt this country, second 



39 

for the despatch and utterance of our commodities, thirdly for 
the politic valueing of our own and foreign coins, and last for 
a means to have our substances in more price and our people 
better occupied, our towns better furnished and our prince 
and country more enriched, the second craveth some present 
determination in question whether we should return to 
Antwerp, continue at Emden, or else make our chief utterance 
here at home. In Antwerp we have been subject to divers 
injuries, but yet never so likely to receive any as now by 
this late brawl between them and our merchants ; wherefore 
I see no means to Antwerp but either with dishonour or great 
danger. For Emden, if the merchants had been as mindful 
of the commodity of this realm and to have prepared their 
wares for the present utterance, as they seemed bent unto their 
own gain and monopolies, then should they not only have 
thought where and how to have had those cloths dyed and 
dressed,* which before they had done at Antwerp, but also 
have provided the sustinence and things meet and necessary, 
so might they have had besides the cloths ready hence for the 
merchants, and so as ready a market at Emden, and less 
attendance there for their sales, than they had any before at 
Antwerp. For such is the place and the people, such be the 
neighbours and the privileges as out of this realm I think it 
were hard to find a place more convenient ; but now to our own 
ports of safety and quietness, less hazard, where we are out 
of all fear of any stay, arrest or imbargment either of our 
ships or merchants, where we stand not at the courtesy of 
others, but may have others at our Prince's respect and 
devotion. Some ask what should become of our merchants 
or the maintenance of our navy, as though they were only 
maintained hereby, or as [though] the merchant could not 
alter his trade, or transform his stock to other gain here, or 
that his doings were thence quite cut off altogether, or that 
there is not a Iceland, a Muscovia, a Estland, a France, a 
Italy, a Spain, a Portugal, a Barbary, a Coast of Maligelte 
[Malaquete], a Guinea, a Manicongo, a Bacalaos, and divers 
other places to occupy them and their ships, and better means 
to maintain their good shippings than these two day voyages 
twice a year where every pedlar may practise, whereby there 
is scant either a good mariner made or a good ship maintained. 
Thus we may avoid many hazards and losses, and have always 
as much or more with us, as we shall have commonly abroad ; 
thus the Prince's custom my be marvellously maintained, and 
we may have plenty of foreign coin and bullion ; our good 
towns may flourish, and the stranger trade only in such places, 
and tarry no longer than according to the Statute ; the havens 
may have ships besides our own to serve, and with this trade 
we may shortly bring that hither that lately was in Flanders. 
With the example of Flanders, where there is so many good 

* In margin : They are able now to dye and dress the cloth here in 
England as well and as good cheap as in any other place. 



40 

policies and so many goodly and beautiful towns maintained 
by strange and foreign commoditieSj I commend unto you 
what may be done in this realm, which hath of her own store 
more than Flanders could any way purchase, or come by, of 
others. 

3 pp. Endorsed : A discourse touching the traffic of Antwerp 
or Emden. Signature doubtful, apparently only John. (I. 275.) 

W[ILLIAM] HEKLLE to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1564, Dec. 5. London. Being on the other side for private 
business this three months, I am now here newly arrived, and 
advertize you there be come to Calais 500 horsemen with the 
Prince of Conde and 1,000 foot, with intent to raise the little 
fort at Gravelines ; their provision of things and men is great 
at Boulogne and in all Boulognaise ; all Flanders is moved 
to brink of war and Cressioner, Governor of Gravelines, hath 
sent men over the water to defend it, having imprisoned 
some French merchants who had sold wine and other com- 
modities at Sluys. This sounds to be the beginning of the 
Pope's holy confederacy against King Philip. I had not so 
long kept silence, if an occasion of intelligence had been offered 
before. 

1 p. Holograph. (I. 221.) 

Sir THOMAS SMITH to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1564, Dec. 16. Nimes. For the double of this letter see 
Gal. 8.P. Foreign, Eliz., Vol. 75, but dated Dec. 14. (I. 283.) 

ADVICES from VENICE and ROME. 

1564, Dec. 16. The Pope will make more Cardinals, and 
among others Andrea Maryns, whose father pays 100,000 crowns 
for his hat, and gives over to his son the Abbasia of Marimonte. 
Of the money half is in Rome ready to be paid. 

The Pope has given Don Garcia of Toledo a place in the 
Chapel next the Deacon Cardinals, which the Cardinals 
misfiked, and the Emperor's Ambassador would not go to 
Chapel that day. The French Ambassador went, but disorder 
being expected, the Pope did not go. 

Don Garcia left Rome on Dec. 8 for Gaeta where his galleys 
lay to take him to Sicily. Three Cardinals honoured his 
departure, Gonzago, Pisa and Vitelli. Cardinal Farnese came 
not to him at all in Rome, which Garcia lamented on his 
going away. The Pope sent officers to escort Garcia to Gaeta, 
and gave him a diamond worth 20,000 crowns, and to his 
gentleman hallowed beads and pardons. 

The Pope gave to Gabrio Cerbellone two new galleys, with 
artillery, manned by all the prisoners in his dominion. 

The Swiss Cantons have agreed to serve under the King 
of France, and no one else, with as many men as he requires, 
600,000 crowns to be paid to them, half being due before. 



41 

In Corsica Corso has taken two forts, one with 70 Sar- 
dinians, and another called Corse by starvation. 

John Andrea Doria, with 20 galleys and 2,000 men arrived 
at Bastia, and has taken 800 Germans and Italians ; with 
Stephano Doria he goes on to besiege Porto Vecchio, which 
Corso has held almost from the beginning. King Philip has 
promised the Genoese to care for Corsica as if it were his own. 

The Emperor is preparing 20,000 foot and 6,000 horse to 
recover what the Vivoida of Transylvania has taken from 
him. The King of Poland has ordered his Ambassador at 
Vienna to mediate between them. 

2f pp. (I. 285.) 

Sir THOMAS CHALONER to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1564, Dec. 17. Balbastro. " At this present a principal 
rider* in this Court, one whom Mr. Parker, this bearer, can 
better inform your Lordship of, for causes of offence by the 
inquisition here, hath a mind to serve the Queen's Majesty ; 
the rest I shall refer to this bearer's report. 

" The party is here counted very perfect in his skill, and this 
for this suffice th, so I may by your Lordship's means know the 
Queen's Majesty's pleasure touching his entertainment. 

" All other matter my letters at large to the Queen's Majesty 
do express, so as there resteth no more but my humble request 
to your Lordship to be a means to the Queen's Majesty for 
my speedy revocation." 

" Postscript. The cipher of this letter Mr. Secretary hath." 

2 pp. (I. 289.) 

ADVICES from VENICE. 

1564, Dec. 23. Venice. The Turk is preparing for next 
spring an army of above 100 galleys and many great ships, 
either for Corsica, Malta or Cyprus. 

On Sept. 5 as the Sultan walked in his garden, a hermit 
appeared dressed like John Baptist. He refused money 
saying that he was the Sultan's own son, whom he had 
ordered to be strangled twelve years before in Syria, a substitute 
having been strangled. The Turk thought him so like his son 
that he kept him one night in the Seraglio. The next day after 
further examination, he was beheaded, and his head exposed. 

The Pope's nephew Count Alt'emps is back from Spain ; 
he is to marry Cardinal Borromeo's sister and to be General 
of the Church. The Pope will buy for him Castel Ariano in 
Campagna and other Castles worth in rents 10,000 or 
12,000 crowns. Cardinal Borromeo is to resign his duties to 
Cardinal Alt'emps and retire to Milan. Some think that 
the Pope will make Cardinals on Twelfth-Day, the anniversary 
of his coronation. 



* The words printed in italics are in cipher, undeciphered ; but a key has 
been constructed by inspection of deciphered letters of Chaloner's among the 
State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth. 



42 

The Viscount of Ventimiglia brings news that the Emperor 
and his brothers agree well, and that he is as Popish as his 
father. 

Those banished from Naples are to avoid the Papal States 
on pain of death. 

Seven men about to kill the Pope were taken in Rome. 

The Marquis of Pescara is preparing against Corso in Corsica. 

2 pp. (I. 297.) 

ADVICES from ITALY, SPAIN and FRANCE. 

1564, Dec. 31. Venice. The Turkish General is preparing 
for war by sea in the spring, including transports for horses. 

From Spain. The Sariffa is preparing to attack Tangier, 
to which the King of Portugal is sending help. 

Of France. Conde has agreed with the Cardinal of 
Lorraine and the house of Guise, and may marry the widow 
Duchess of Guise. The Constable is very sick ; some say 
dead. The King has given 30,000 crowns to Ludovico 
Gonzago, who is to marry the Duchess of Nevers. 

From Genoa. Andrea Doria arrived on the 13th with 
two galleys ; he took Porto Vecchio, went thence to the port 
called Istria and began to land artillery : Corso fled after a 
skirmish with 400 Spaniards from the galleys. Laurenzo 
Figorhoa [Figueroa] took the fort of Argolie from Corso. 

Signer Marino came to Genoa, having slain his wife and 
a page taken in adultery. She was niece of the Duke of Sessa. 

From Rome. Three men are taken for trying to kill the 
Pope, Count Tadeo Manfredo, Benedict Accoli of Siena and 
Count Antonio Canozza. They have confessed. The Cardinal 
of Trenta is suspected of complicity. 

From Naples. The Viceroy is thought to be bringing in the> 
Spanish inquisition. He has Spanish and Sardinian troops 
there. 

Don Garcia and the galleys of Rhodes are in Sicily. 

The Pope will not allow the Duke of Savoy to receive the 
Bernese towns on condition that they keep their religion. 
The Duke means to keep his promise to the Bernese and to 
let the Pope do what he pleases. 

2J pp. (I. 301.) 

JAMES [PELKINGTON], BISHOP OF DURHAM, to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1564 Not long since I was a suitor to you " in the 
behalf of such ministers as be called breakers of common 
orders because they do not only forbear the Pope's doctrine 
but chiefly refuse to wear his livery, which is thought of some 
to be a disobedience to the Queen's Majesty and her laws." 
She has not more faithful hearts than of those that be thought 
so precise that in such small matters will not relent. As to 
your great commendation you did " put yourself betwixt and 



43 

helped to stay the displeasure conceived and intended, so 
I beseech you be not weary of well doing but continue your 
favour to such honest professors of God's truth that under 
your wings they may serve the living God purely, and that 
God's enemies the Papists have no cause to triumph against 
His people. . . . What a wound to zealous men shall this be, 
to see one Protestant punish and persecute another because 
he will not wear the Pope's livery. The Papists would suffer 
no relics of our religion among them, and we shall strive 
how to maintain their inventions. Our sins and unthankful 
receiving of his word deserve a greater plague than this, but 
surely if this go afore, more will follow. . . . Your wisdom 
can consider all the inconveniences that may follow the dis- 
placing of so many good ministers, seeing there is no greater 
store of them to be had. It is pity that no other apparel can 
be devised but this : for if it had not a show of the Pope's 
badge, they would most willingly receive any. The Lord 
open your heart to be a mediator for the utter suppressing of 
that punishment intended and give your Grace to find such 
favour that your words may take place." 
1 p. (I. 363.) 

ADAM [LOFTUS], ARCHBISHOP OF ARMAGH, and HUGH [BRADY], 
BISHOP OF MEATH, to the QUEEN. 

[1564 ?] Petition for an Academy to be erected in Ireland. 
Their acknowledgments to Leicester and Mr. Secretary for 
their furtherance of the same. 

1J pp. Seal; signed by both. (II. 677.) 

" INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE COMMISSIONERS TOUCHING EMDEN." 

[1564 ?] Paper endorsed as above. The said merchants 
offer to use the trade of merchandise in Emden and all other 
the dominions belonging to the Gra[f] van East Freese upon 
former motions as heretofore hath been intreated. 

They require to be furnished with pilots as required. 

They desire protection from enemies in entering and leaving 
and to know of her Grace how that may best be, and 

to be assured that their persons, ships and goods in these 
lands may remain unarrested for any duty, debt or contract 
made or hereafter to be made, and 

that their goods and ships, both in England and elsewhere, 
or coming into the Earldom of Freesland be free of toll and 
excise ; they will not charge other merchants with unreason- 
able toll, and 

safe-conduct to dwell, come in and go out as far as the land 
of the Earl of East Friesland goes, or may go ; 

Also a good assurance and oath, and in pain of forfeiting 
a great sum of money, that the Lady and Earls of East Fries- 
land and her heirs shall fully perform all these articles, and 
shall get the consent of the Emperor and the Chamber Imperial, 



44 

To this they desire that their present privilege shall be 
augmented to the most advantage of the Company as her 
Grace has heretofore promised in writing. 

Lastly they desire to know what goods and merchandise they 
hope may be brought out of other countries hither. 

2 pp. (II. 559.) 

THOMASSO BARONCELLI to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Jan. 3. Anvers. I hoped before now to have 
announced the accouchement of your fellow gossip,* and 
trust to do so by my next. Your letter for her Ladyship I 
have delivered, and written that I had commission from you 
to declare personally your good will towards her, which I 
hope to do after the accouchement of my wife and of her 
Ladyship. If you have taken pleasure in having her as 
fellow gossip, she has not had less in having you. 

I believe the geldings which you mean to send will be 
acceptable to her Highness, and the mares would have been 
brought from Holland to cross with those of the Prince of 
Orange, if the weather had not prevented. I am seeking for 
two white mares to go with the others. The arquebus for 
hunting will be ready in four days. I will tell you when the 
painter from Florence has started for your service, and if you 
send the pattern of the armour, I will see to it. I should like 
you to make interest with her Majesty that I may provide 
the powder. If your brother has tried the sample which 
I sent, I am sure he will have recommended it to her Majesty. 
I should be glad to supply any armour. 

3J pp. Italian. (I. 501.) 

[EDWIN SANDYS, BISHOP OF WORCESTER,] to LORD - 

1564[-5], Jan 6. Hartlebury. Recommending Robert 
Hunkes to be Sheriff [of Worcestershire], as favouring justice 
and true religion, and requesting favour to the bearer 
Christopher Deighton, citizen of Worcester, as a good common- 
wealth man, who gave advice for the last certificate to the 
Council concerning favourers or disfavourers of religion. He 
proclaimed the Queen at Worcester five times, and each time 
set on broach in the street one hoghead of wine, and cast 
into the street for the poor two handfuls of silver. 

I p. Copy. (I. 305.) 

ADVICES from VENICE. 

1564[-5], Jan 6. Venice. Nicolo Marino cannot obtain 
safe conduct to stay at Genoa till his trial for murdering his 
wife. 

Pescara has offered to serve Genoa in Corsica against Corso, 
on terms proposed by the King of Spain, and has gone to Milan 

* The Countess of San Segondo ; see letter of Pasquale Spinola, dated 
1565, Jan. 22, below. 



45 

to prepare. Andrea Doria returns with two galleys to Spain. 
Galleys are expected from Corsica with the third part of the 
Spaniards to be sent to Milan. 

Five Turkey galleys have taken a Christian ship near 
Carthagena. 

On Christmas Day the Pope blessed a sword and hat for the 
Prince of Spain, and the like for the Emperor. A hallowed 
rose is sent to the Senate of Lucca. The Queen Mother and 
King of France request the Pope to make ten new Cardinals 
to quell the new religion. In Provence they will suffer the 
new religion no longer. The Pope has ordered that no one 
is to enter his palace when he is in bed or at meat but four 
or five of his chamberlains ; at other times only Cardinals, 
(and they only with two servants) and Ambassadors with one 
servant. The prisoners charged with the attempt to murder 
the Pope say they had no accomplices. 

2J pp. (I. 307.) 

COPY of ADVICES from VENICE. 

1564[-5], Jan. 13. Venice. France has not yet accepted 
the Edicts of the Council of Trent. Cardinal de Bourbon, 
supported by the King of France, is a suitor for the Legacy 
of Avignon. There is still pestilence there. 

One of the bulwarks of the fort of Palliano fell, the cause 
being unknown. Marco Antonio Colonna has left it for his 
house in Abruzzia. 

Two packets of letters from Spain to Rome have been inter- 
cepted in France. Complaint has been made of the Spanish 
Ambassador, and redress promised. 

Count Annibal Alt'emps is made Governor of Ancona and 
Spoleto with 300 crowns a month for his diet. The men who 
tried to murder the Pope are still in prison. 

The Diet on Dec. 27 gave the Emperor 400,000 florins 
towards the payment of his father's debts, and double the 
value of the whole Customs for four years. The Emperor 
after Christmas went to keep a Diet in Moravia to obtain a 
subsidy, and thence will go to Prague where his father will 
be buried. The Imperial Diet will be held at Augsburg, 
Nuremburg or Ratisbon. The French Ambassador to him 
was revoked because of his contentions with the Spanish 
Ambassador for the precedency. The Emperor is preparing 
for war with the Vivoida. 

On Dec. 28 a great storm at Genoa destroyed three ships 
with their crews, and in a snow-balling fray a Spaniard was 
killed. 

When the Governor of Algeria was taken by Philip last 
summer, his son-in-law escaped with four galleys with which 
he has now come to Constantinople, advising the Turk to 
secure Algeria. This he means to do. He may land in 
Apulia to receive help from outlaws . from Naples. He 
threatens also the knights of Malta for having taken a ship 



46 

full of pilgrims to Mecca. The Sultan himself rode through 
Constantinople, which he has never done, to declare his 
intentions. 

3} pp. (I. 311.) 

The EARL OF LEICESTER, CHANCELLOR, to the UNIVERSITY 
OF OXFORD. 

1564[-5], Jan. 16. On election I committed the election of 
my Commissary to you. Being certified that Mr. D[r.] Kenall 
has been chosen by you, " I cannot but make liking of him 
whom so many wise and godly in such sort have elected." 
I am assured you will consider my wishes as to reformation of 
want of preaching, diligent reading and hearing of lessons 
of all sorts, and comely and decent order of degrees. 

1 p. Copy. (I. 315.) 

[The EARL OF LEICESTER to THOMASSO BARONCELLI.] 

1565, Jan. 16. At the Court, By yours of the 3rd I am 
glad to hear that her Highness has had my letter. The 
patterns of bodices which you have sent me for the Queen are 
beautiful, but not what she wants, having several of that make. 
She wants the kind used in Spain and Italy, worked with gold 
and silver. I desire you to make every effort that I may 
have the two white mares, in good condition. About the 
powder I am unable to give you any definite answer. I will 
send the pattern and measure of the armour. 

1J pp. Italian. Unsigned. Apparently copy of reply to 
I. 501, p. 44 above. (I. 509.) 

ADVICES from VENICE. 

1564[-5], Jan. 20. Venice. There is a bruit in Rome that 
King Philip does not wish more of his subjects to be made 
Cardinals, being vexed with the Pope, who wishes for a settle- 
ment of differences. Rodrigo da Castro, an inquisitor, has 
come to Rome about the Archbishop of Toledo. 

The Emperor's Ambassador has asked the Pope's license 
for the priests of the Empire to marry with his assent. This 
the Pope seemed to favour in open Consistory, having already 
granted license to the Emperor for the sacrament to be 
administered in both kinds. He referred the matter to the 
Cardinals, directing the Ambassador to see them at their 
houses. The Pope has forbidden masks in the streets at 
Shrift-time. 

At Genoa Philip's Ambassador has presented a letter to 
the Senate from the Governor of Milan, requiring them to 
give up Marino, charged with killing his wife. Marino is 
likely to go elsewhere while they are consulting. There has 
been great triumph for the birth of John Andrea Doria's son, 
to whom the Viceroy of Naples is to be Godfather. 



47 

The Turk is preparing 150 galleys, and is staying even 
Christian ships to serve his turn therein. 
2J PP. (I- 319.) 

PASQUALE SPINOLA to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Jan. 22. Antwerp. Since my last letter I have heard 
from my brother that the Signora Baroncelli has a daughter, 
whom he held at Baptism in the name of your Excellency, 
with Signor Malgrani of this town for the Count d'Agamonte 
[Egmont], while the wife of Ludovico Nicolo stood for the 
Countess di San Segondo. They gave the child the name 
of her Majesty. 

I have not yet visited her because the silver bowl and ewer 
which I desired to have made specially for her will not be ready 
immediately on account of the Festa and the great cold. 
I am going to take instead a silver-gilt cup which I can have 
in three days. 

Count d'Agamonte left for Spain four days ago, possibly 
because the King wishes one of the great lords here, as this 
Count, Orange or Berghes, to inform him about the proceedings 
of these states. 

1J pp. Italian. (I. 511.) 

KOGER MARBECK [PROVOST OF ORIEL] to the EARL OF 
LEICESTER [CHANCELLOR]. 

1564[-5], Jan. 23. Oxford. In reply to the Chancellor's 
letter certain were chosen to take a survey of our statutes ; 
they have retained the old statutes, " excepting some which in 
part touched popery and superstition and be now by common 
consent utterly abolished " : they have devised a few articles 
to the increase of public exercise in all faculties. The number 
of the divines, which you commanded me to certify, the 
Commissary hath ready for you. 

1 p. (I. 339.) 

ADVICES from VENICE. 

1565, Jan. 27. Ascanio della Corna is in prison at Kome. 

The Pope pardoning the man who was to kill him but 
gave information, will put the rest to death. 

The Pope and King of Spain are agreed to restore from 
time to time the outlaws of the State of the Church and of 
Naples. 

Don Rodrigo, the Inquisitor, had audience of the Pope 
touching the Archbishop of Toledo, but returned to Spain 
dissatisfied with the result. 

Corsica. San Pietro still holds out and 600 men are being 
raised at Nice for his aid. The Genoese have lost a great 
ship, la Carissima near Ajaccio, and three galleys, one 
belonging to John Andrea Doria ; the Marines that escaped 
drowning were slain by Corso. The " bousts " [? boats] of 
the galleys that might have been saved were burned by Corso, 



48 

The judges at Milan condemned Sr. Nicolas de Marino 
in 10,000 crowns for not appearing to answer for the death 
of his wife and the page, and his sureties will have to pay. 
He has left Genoa. 

In the Grisons Count Angosciolo is slain with a dagger. 

The Venetians are still considering with how many galleys 
to arm forth for this spring. 

2 pp. (I. 515.) 

ADVICES from VENICE. 

1564[-5], Feb. 3. Venice. The French Ambassador has 
asked Philip that some accord be made with Corso ; Philip 
replied that he was sending an army to settle matters. He 
is not going to Flanders this year, but the Prince of Parma, 
with his wife, will go to see his mother and thence to his 
father in Italy. Philip sends 3,000 more Spaniards to Naples. 

The Cardinal of Perugia offers 30,000 crowns bail for his 
brother Ascanio della Corna. The Pope refuses but promises 
fair trial. 

Antonio Canossa and the other two, who tried to kill the 
Pope, were drawn through Rome, pinched with red-hot tongs, 
knocked on the head with a mall, and then quartered. Accoli 
sent the Pope a little book in shape of a dialogue, summoning 
the Pope to appear before the High Judge in the Vale of 
Josaphat within 40 days. 

Pallicone, for conspiracy is sent to prison for life, and others 
to the galleys. 

The Prince of Florence is assured to Joanna, the Emperor's 
sister. 

The clergy of Spain having grievances against their Bishops, 
had chosen two priests to go to the Pope about them. Philip 
has banished the ringleaders to Portugal. 

2 pp. (I. 347.) 

BEAUVOIR LA NOCLE to the MASTEB OF THE HORSE. 

1565, Feb. 5. Havre de Grace. The good will shewn by 
you since we have been afflicted by civil war emboldens me 
to beg you to induce the Queen to accomplish her promise. 
The hope we all have of this takes the Admiral and his camp 
in a few days to Normandy to join the forces of England, 
to strengthen his Reiters by the aid promised by her Majesty. 
If this aid is deferred your experience can tell you how great 
will be the damage not only to France but to all Christendom. 

1 p. French. (I. 351.) 

Sir THOMAS SMITH to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1564[-5], Feb. 6. Toulouse. I have declared your message 

to the King and the Queen Mother, who took it in good part. 

Where you offered to do what you could to entertain the 

amity between our Queen and them, the Queen said there was 



49 

nothing they desired more. She trusted it would increase 
from day to day. I commended your geldings to them and 
especially the Queen's, who said she had heard that they were 
as fair pieces as could be seen. She hath sent for them. 

I also gave your message to the Constable and having heard 
that the gelding you sent him was dead, I said you had sent 
him a gelding for his saddle, and said no more, to hear what 
he would say. " I have heard of him," said he, " I have 
willed him to be conveyed to my house ... I intend to keep 
him as a jewel." I said he was as good a piece as you could 
find, and that it was well done to keep him there till he were 
acquainted with the French diet and keeping. 

I did your thanks Monsieur Danville for his letter ; he 
offered his service to you at any time. 

The Queen here hopeth to see her daughter the Queen of 
Spain at Bayonne. This will take me much out of my way 
backward again from England, and means longer tarrying in 
this country which is " dearer, worse lodgings and worse 
people than in France." It has been " fervent cold " here 
since Christmas. 

I would once hear who should be my successor. 

Addition in another hand. 7 Feb. De Mauvissiere hath 
started for England with a costly litter, fair muletts and camels 
for a present to the Queen. It will be past the middle of 
March before he shall be in England. 

2pp. (1.353.) 

ADVICES FROM VENICE. 

1565, Feb. 10." Of Rome matters." Cardinal Cesis 
[Coesi] is dead and will be buried in a chapel built by him 
joining Ste. Marie Maggiore. 

An account of his legacies. 

The Pope is sick. He has changed his guard of arquebusiers 
for an equal number of gentlemen. 

Ascanio della Corna is still in prison, and is daily examined, 
as also some of his captains. 

The Duke of Mantua has sent congratulations to Alt'Emps 
on his marriage, with presents to his bride. 

At Corfu a fire was seen over the island ; general processions 
were ordered by the Governor ; the fire rose higher in the air 
and passed towards Slavonia. 

Two-thirds of the Spaniards in Lombardy (2,000) are sent 
to Corsica against Pietro Corso. 

John Andrea Doria with two galleys will bring the Com- 
mendator of Castille with his wife and family to Spain. 

3 pp. (II. 531.) 

Sir THOMAS CHALONER to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1664[-5], Feb. 12. [Madrid.] Is " packing to make home " 
the soonest he may. 

2J pp. Holograph. For a copy of the above see Cal. S.P. 
Foreign, Eliz. under date. (I. 357.) 



50 

W[lLLIAM AliLEY BlSHOP OP] EXBTBB to 

1564[-5], Feb. 18. Exeter. I request that the Earl of 
Leicester may be asked to obtain leave from the Queen for 
me to let certain out-houses and waste within the precincts 
of my palace, which stand me in yearly charges to repair. 
The net revenue of the see is not more than 300L I hope to 
dedicate to the Earl a book which shall make open all the 
obscure, dark, hard and contrary places in the Scriptures under 
the title of Anticimenon. I send commendations to Sir John 
Ghichester, " praying him to have in mind Colum John." 

2 pp. (I. 361.) 

THOMMASO BARONCELLI to [the EABL OP LEICESTER] . 

1565, Feb. 21. Antwerp. Although I have had no letter 
from your Excellency, I have none the less cause to write this 
to thank you, if not so much as I ought, yet as much as I can, 
for the present you were pleased to send to your " comare " 
for Elizabeth, your spiritual daughter, for the which our 
gratitude is as great as her deserts are small. By it we shall 
keep you in perpetual memory, in the fashion of the Umbrian 
Country, and when the Count of Agamonte returns from Spain,* 
I shall pray him to dine or sup with us, and to measure how 
much the cup holds by quaffing it to your Excellency's health. 

Signer Bruschetto tells me that you wish to have the horse 
of which I wrote some days ago. I have examined him 
carefully, and find that he is younger than I thought, 
not yet four years old, but very active and strong. We 
cannot tell of what he will be capable later, except by trusting 
to the sage judgment of Signer Claudio, your master of horse. 

[Further details as to the purchase of horses.] 

We can get neither horses nor anything else from Holland, 
because of the ice, but as soon as it is possible, her Highness 
and the Prince of Orange will send here the geldings which 
they are giving you, and I will forward them at once, together 
with any that I have found for you. There is a fair at Diest, 
on the first day of Lent, and at Mid-Lent another at Ghent, 
to which horses are sent, not only from all Flanders but from 
the Low Countries generally. 

I shall also send your arquebuss and as to the armourer 
for whom you applied to me through Castaglione, I will 
go in a few days to Brussels and find the best that I can there, 
and will despatch him as soon as possible. Immediately 
I have notice of the painter, which will be with the first letters 
from Florence, I will inform your Excellency. 

I pray you to beg her Majesty to let me have two lines to 
say how she was pleased with the book I sent her ; and also 
that you will inform her that four days ago her Highness 
talked with me for a long time, showing me how courteously 

* Egmont went to Spain at the beginning of February 1564-5. See S.P. 
Foreign, Elizabeth. 1664, 1665, No. 971. 



51 

she has conceded the delay at Bruges, and saying that she was 
preparing a gift for her Majesty which I know will be very 
acceptable to her. 

I hope you will see everything together, with the geldings 
and the jerkins (" colletti ") which her Majesty wishes for. 
If she had sent me a pattern, I should have tried to supply 
her before now. 

Your fellow-gossip sends you her portrait, taken in the year 
1562, when she was twenty-two years of age, for owing to her 
accouchement and the cold weather, she has not been able to 
have a fresh one drawn. Such as you see her, she desires to 
be the most faithful servant of her Majesty and your 
Excellency. 

I shall be heartily glad if I can serve her Majesty in the 
matter of the powder, even though it be no profit to myself. 
Therefore I pray you to take some good resolution with the 
Earl your brother, and to inform me of it. 

Mr. Francis Berti is coming here to make an end of the salt 
business, and I have given powers to my brother-in-law, 
M. Phillippo Gualterotti to offer him all the help and accom- 
modation that he can reasonably ask for, in order to con- 
summate the matter as all we who are interested in it desire. 

From Spain we have letters, and also some aid for the debts 
of her Majesty in this country, which has certainly come to a 
good resolution, and is preparing a great demonstration of 
goodwill for our fellow-gossip, the Count of Agamonte. It 
would be well if her Majesty or the prince [of Orange ?] ; could 
be persuaded to come into this country. There is much need 
of it, on many accounts. 

4 pp. Italian. (I. 545.) 

ADVICES FROM VENICE. 

1564[-5], March 3. Venice. George Albane, one of three 
Ambassadors sent by the Emperor to the Turk with tribute 
died at Constantinople on Jan. 6. 

The Venetian Ambassador there sent his Secretary with a 
present to Selim, the Sultan's son, as the Sultan cannot live 
long. 

The Turk prepares for the war. All who receive wages of 
100 ducats a year are to join the ships at Lepanto. Ernest 
money is being paid to get soldiers. 

The Emperor has had success against the Vivoida of 
Transylvania, his General Lazarus Swendy having taken the 
forts of Toccar and Terentsch. 

1 p. (I. 367.) 

EDWARD SAUNDERS and THOMAS CARUS to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1564[-5], March 8. Hereford. In answer to a letter from 
the Lords of the Council received by us in our circuit at 



52 

Monmouth we pray you and the rest to suspend your judg- 
ment until our return when we will purge ourselves. At the 
last Summer Assizes it being doubtful, in law and fact, whether 
the offence was murder or manslaughter, and who was the doer, 
we " gave day " to the jury at their peril to give their verdict 
at these last assizes. They did then indict divers of the murder, 
and the prisoners were arraigned. Though we spent almost 
two hours on the challenges taken by both sides, we could not 
have a full jury, though we caused the Sheriff to return some 
of the justices being upon the Bench with us. Lack of time 
enforced us to postpone the trials till the next assizes, and 
we left the persons indicted in ward. The prosecutors are 
earnest to touch one whom they cannot prove principal or 
accessory. 

Endorsed: "The Lord Chief Baron and Mr. Charas with 
copy of the Council's letters touching punishment of a 
murder." 1J p. (I. 369.) 

ADVICES FROM VENICE. 

1565, March 24. Twenty-three Cardinals were made on 
the 12th for their services at the Council of Trent. Thereby 
the Pope takes to his purse about 300,000 crowns of gold only 
by change of officers and selling offices, besides a far greater 
sum taken for the making of the Cardinals. 

The Pope will change all his Nuncios, and is making a decree 
that any Ambassador abroad who is made a Cardinal is to 
be recalled. 

The Bishop of Fano is to be sent to the Emperor : the 
Bishop of Viterbo to the French King : the Bishop of Nervi 
to the King of Spain : a Bishop to the King of Poland : the 
Bishop of Rossano to Venice. 

By order from the Emperor his Ambassador is a suitor to 
the Pope for Ascanio della Coma, but his trial is to go on. 

Cardinal Pacecco has letters from the King of Spain to 
condole with the Pope for the conspiracy against his life, and 
to report the meeting at Bayonne of the Queen of Spain with 
her mother the Queen of France : that the meeting shall tend 
to the service of the Church and the quietness of Christendom. 

The Pope in fear of the Turk's army has ordered foot-men 
and light horse to defend the coast. 

Don Alvaro di Sande, who was a prisoner at Constantinople, 
has passed through Rome new come from Spain to Naples to 
aid the defence against the Turk, who is thought likely to 
land in Apulia or at Syracuse. 

The Duke of Medina Celi being expected to return from 
Sicily to Spain by Rome, the Pope has sent to ask him to take 
a night's lodging with him. 

The Pope has made proclamation that none of his subjects 
shall take wages to serve in the wars 500 excepted who may 
serve in Corsica for the Genoese against Pietro Corso. 



53 

The Knights of Malta much fear the landing of 25,000 Turks. 

In Apulia the Turks have landed, taken prisoners and done 
much harm, and also near Pesaro. The Turks' army was 
ready to sail on March 12. They have sent spies to find out 
the King of Spain's provision for the seas for this summer. 

They of Casale of Montferrato are not pacified but keep 
the fort that the French had. 

The General of Venice goes forth with 53 galleys at the 
beginning of April to look into the confines. 

Two men who falsified money have been beheaded and 
their bodies burnt and a third has been blinded and his right 
hand cut off. 

Endorsed: "March, 1564." 3 pp. (I. 563.) 

FfRANCis EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, March 27. Berwick. You have recompensed your 
long abstinence from writing with a very friendly discourse 
and declaration of your great zeal for religion. I have heard 
of some speech used to a preacher in the pulpit. Albeit I 
think it not so much as it was said to be, yet do I wish it had 
been less or rather nothing at all ; the thing was the more 
noted as it happened to so grave and learned a man. 

Touching my coming up I trust it be had in remembrance, 
so as soon after St. George's Day I mean to set forward to 
communicate somewhat to you which I will not commit to 
writing. 

Francis Douglas whom Lord Seton hurt is not yet dead, 
but in great danger. Bothwell contiiiueth among the Liddes- 
dale men, and notwithstanding the order for his coming in 
by 24th May, (as Seton should do the 22nd) yet I see he 
meaneth not so to do, and being bound but in 200Z. Scottish, 
which is but 50/. English, giveth great presumption that the 
Queen there doth secretly favour him. The words that he 
used in reproach of the Lord James have been avouched 
albeit he denied the same. 

For the fortifications here I trust you and the rest have 
heard the whole estate thereof, and by this have determined 
thereupon. 

1J pages. Part of the above is to the same effect as his letter 
to Cecil of March 28. [Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 373.) 

ANNA COUNTESS [nee] D' OLDENBURG COUNTESS DOWAGER OF 
EAST FRIESLAND to the EARL [OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1565, March 29. Emden. 2,000 escus au soleil* having 
been promised yearly by the Queen of England to her son 
John, Count of East Friesland, and the first year having passed 
without payment, request is made that the money and letters 

* 60(M. 



54 

patent may be sent to Antwerp or Embden. If any obligation 
or assurance is required, it will be given by Arnold de Walwick. 
1 p. French. (I. 377.) 

ROBERT HUGGINS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[1565, April 4. Madrid.] Sir Thomas Chaloner left for 
England on March 2. The King gave him a horse, and 
licence to take four horses for himself and 12 for her Majesty. 
Only six were allowed to the French ambassador for his King. 
The bearer of this letter is Ceaser, an Italian, the best rider 
in this Court, for whom I did write to you for more than a 
twelvemonth. He has long desired to come, but could not 
rid himself hence. Don Diego de Cordova offered him 100 ducats 
a year, besides the 300 ducats, 12 yards of velvet and 8 of 
satin for livery, which he had from the King. He got away 
by saying he would go to Naples and meant to go post to 
Barcelona with Prince Doria. I hope his entertainment with 
her Majesty may be such as he shall not regret leaving the 
service of one of the greatest Princes in Christendom. 

The King storms at the French having taken a part of 
Terra Florida and built a fort. 

They be here in as it were in a maze what is best to do. 

The last news is that the Queen has sent Lord Darling 
[Darnley |, the Earl of Lynyes [Lennox] son, well accompanied, 
into Scotland, hoping the Queen of Scots will marry him, on 
which condition she will have him succeed to the crown of 
England. Great enquiries are made of us Englishmen what 
manner of man he is, and of what religion. It was said that 
this King is determined to entreat marriage between 
Don John of Austria and the Queen of Scots, and that he will 
send a gentleman to the Queen to that effect. Now this is dead, 
I fear they will make some practice by way of France. They 
cannot like England and Scotland to be joined. I think the 
French King is at Bayonne partly for that purpose. 

The sending of the French Order to you is much marvelled 
at ; no one here having had it, they see a great amity between 
France and England. You are much praised at this Court. 
I hear this from Feria, who asked if it was true that her Majesty 
had determined to marry, and further the occasion of Roger 
Strange going to the Emperor, and whether Don Hernando, the 
Emperor's brother, was going to England. The Queen here 
is with child, and it is doubted whether she will go further 
than Burgos. The 10th inst. is the day appointed for her 
setting-forth. The English alone have been warned of this 
by the King's command. Feria was much pleased that you 
willed the Ambassador on his departing to kiss his, and his 
Countess' hand,* which he doth take in such good part as 
it seems you may command him, and he said no less to me 

* The letter, up to this point, is bound up in Vol. ii, p. 749. The 
remainder is in Vol. i, p. 379. 



55 

and Mr. Parker when he first came to the Court : he has 
always shewn great friendship to any Englishmen that had 
suits in this Court. He says further that it is much marvelled 
that the Ambassador was called home before another came, 
asking if another were appointed, or if we knew T who was 
named. The Ambassador there Diego de Guzman writes of your 
good entertainment of him, which he says the King takes in 
good part. 

Letters from Rome say that 23 Cardinals are made> of 
whom 19 are Florentines ; some say the Duke of Florence is 
one, which is kept secret, but his younger son is one, but no 
Spaniard, whereat the Spaniards are angry. 

The King is discontented partly for the Queen going to 
France, which puts him to charges, and the taking of Terra 
Florida on the one side, and the Turk's armada on the other ; 
the Duke of Florence, whom he fears to be more French than 
otherwise, troubles him. He has ordered that no Ambassadors 
have recourse to him for three months except for matters of 
great importance. 

The Marquis of Pescara, whom the King wished to go with 
his men to Corsica, refuses to go without pay for his men ; 
moreover the 4,000 Spaniards, promised by the King, have not 
arrived there. Mr. Burlace, your lordship's brother's man, is 
sent to Milan with letters of great favour to the Marquis of 
Pescara and the Duke of Alberkerke, Governor there : Mr. 
Bradborne to Naples, with Mr. Smith who has the King's 
cedula for 6,000 ducats. 

Please you make great account of this bearer and speak to 
the Queen that he may have good entertainment : by my 
persuasion he has left the service of the greatest Prince in 
Christendom ; if his doings be not worse than they have been 
here, vou will think favour shewn him well bestowed. 

5J pp. (II. 749 ; I. 379.) 

NICHOLAS WOTTON to the EARL or LEICESTER 

1565, May 11. Bruges. The first news of the fall of your 
horse under you made us more afraid than there was cause. 

I have no hope of the success of this Diet in matters which 
concern her Majesty. They say that if she can prove that 
poundage has been statutum consuetum et solutum from 50 years 
before the Intercourse, they will yield to it. But I doubt 
whether the proof shall suffice, as they aDow not the proof 
made to Skepperus [Scheppere? J. 

Egmont, on his return, which has caused great joy, brought 
the Prince of Parma to his mother, and is looked for here on 
Tuesday next at a marriage. The gentleman Monsr. de Frenz 
is he that received a blow of a Spaniard, Don de Bonavidiz : 
cartels were sent, and the combat appointed. The Champions 
appeared and the Spaniard offered the armour of such a strange 
fashion that Frenz' parryn refused them as unlawful. 



66 

Bonavidiz' parryn maintained the arms to be lawful. They 
fought not, and both departed with victory, each laying on the 
other the fault that they fought not. 

When the Queen's service is done here. I desire to go to the 
baths at Achen, to find relief of my present catarrh and of my 
gout and other diseases. Trusting you may be a means for 
her Majesty to grant me leave, I do not mean to put her to 
charges for diet for that time, but hope to return to her 
presence with Lord Montague and Mr. Haddon. 

Holograph 1 J pp. Part of the above is contained in his letter 
to Cecil of same date. [See Col. 8.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 383.) 

CECILIA INFANTA OF SWEDEN, MARCHIONESS OF BADEN, to 
the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, May 12. Dantzic. Thanking you for your com- 
mendations of me to the Queen, which have been communi- 
cated to me by George North, I send certain munuscula 
which I hope may be accepted. 

I p. Latin. Seal (I. 387.) 

JOHN SHERS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

1565, May 15. Bruges. The Antwerp merchants seek by 
indirect means to break the Intercourse. They would have 
each nation trade with the other, paying the usual customs. 
If all the English nation could do this, I think that it would 
be to the wealth of the nation and her Majesty. But I know 
the Merchant Adventurer will oppose this with words and 
money, to keep the trade in his own hands. 

I do not like, even as an experience, that the Antwerp 
merchants should have the like liberty with us in England, 
as we have had here, for they seek to bring the trade of all 
the world into their hands. 

I think that the present liberty, either for a few English 
merchants, or for the whole nation must be maintained, or 
else, as your Lordship said at Windsor, there must be fairs 
and markets open for two months, more or less, to which all 
strangers may resort to sell and buy, paying customs for 
wares brought in and carried out. 

But if they break with us, we must consider how we can 
forbear their commodities, and yet despatch and rid our own, 
until we turn their present great trade to us, or elsewhere. 
But this must be well considered before it be put in use ; for 
repentance is too dear bought. We must look well into it in 
time, lest necessity should drive us into it. 

4 pp. Holograph. (I. 391.) 

Sir NICHOLAS THROKMORTON to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, May 21. Edinburgh. I know not "whether I may 
more comfmend] your fortune, your wisdom, or your 
immeasurable d[evoti]on to the Queen's Majesty. For I am 



57 

sure one of these or [them] all have stayed you from a great 
inconvenience as never to give yourself over to like any other 
than the Queen's Majesty. If solicitations of many . . . 
if persuasions and severe commandments of her Majesty, from 
time to time, if evident presumptions and manifest assurances 
of your never enjoying her Majesty and contrary wise 
probable arguments and vehement tokens were offered to 
move you to take hope that this Queen was like to be yours, 
as I know there was divers and sundry ; if all these respects 
then and many more could have enchanted you to al[low?] of 
this matter for yourself, you had been very unhappy, where 
whatsomever bestan[deth] you are very happy, if it be a 
f eh* city to be [torn] of the Queen of Scots, and to remain in 
your accep[ted] thraldom to the Queen your Sovereign. 
Peravfenture] this Queen (some will say) had been more 
yours and [less] others than she is, if you would have yielded 
never [so] little and so make your Lordship the cause efficient 
of all her misery and your own missing ; she herfself ] doth not 
altogether accuse you, nor excuse you [but ?] chargeth the 
Queen's Majesty with the whole, as one that meant to work 
her so much good. Your Lordship would little believe how 
dih' gently she hath observed the Queen's proceedings with her 
since she did submit h[torn] to depend upon her M'ajesty's 
advice in the matter " [three lines torn], 

I think it meet to advertise you " that the matter betwixt 
this Queen and the Lord Darnley is too far past to be broken, 
for though the consummation of the marriage be deferred, 
I am sure it is indissoluble without violence. And . . I do wish 
that ^ her Majesty may use the matter to her own most 
advantage and surety." 

I mean to remain a day or [two] at Berwick and to return 
by York to prevent these folks' practices. 

2 1 pp. Holograph. Parts of the above letter are to the same effect 
as his letter to Cecil of same date. [S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 395.) 



ANTHONY, VISCOUNT MONTAGUE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
1565, May 29. Bruges. After I had written my other 
letter of the 26th I met with the other commissioners, and heard 
such new matter as by our common letter to my Lords of 
the Council you may perceive. After we were risen 
D'Assonville, half smiling, entered into communications of 
small moment, saying at the last he was sorry our labours 
succeeded no better. I said to him " you may perhaps say 
more truly than you be ware of, and indeed if things fall out 
to the extremity, it is as like you here will be the first to repent 
as otherwise, and (said I), if at the beginning you had used 
less peremptory determinations, I think you might have won 
much time to yourselves, arid saved to us much labour. 
Whereas when these two great matters of poundage and 
custom of cloths were by you complained of, and by us 



58 

answered, you were so far from these answers, that writing 
twice to Brussels therein, you were content to stay our report 
of your answer till you might hear whether the matter would 
be better considered there. Whereof this change and 
determinate proceeding doth grow I know not, but of this, 
quoth I, be you sure, I assuredly believe the Queen's Majesty 
will not hear of this unreasonable request, and I am as verily 
ascertained that there is not any in England so forgetful of 
his duty as to advise her Majesty to relent in that matter 
(I mean of poundage), wherein her progenitors far without 
memory of man have been in quiet possession, and her High- 
ness as well, able to claim and maintain for right as any other 
of her noble ancestors. And as for the custom of cloths, 
besides such good reasons as have been made unto you, therefore 
there appeareth small respect or neighbourly and princelike 
consideration, when in a time of charge extraordinary to all 
princes, yea and meaner men, your own Master besides others, 
having used so many extraordinary means to sustain his un- 
accustomed burthen, exceptions should be taken to her 
Majesty in this matter wherein her own subjects bear almost 
all, and these of the low country in effect nothing." 

" He seemed somewhat altered by my words and said Her 
Highness had many matters to satisfy this side in, and that 
they found relentings in nothing, and therefore it appertained 
to the King to see that his subjects might be used according 
to the treaty, or else it were much better there were no treaty. 
I answered him the gratuity of the Queen's Majesty was in my 
opinion half lost on them that esteemed it so little, as in that she 
had of her good will, not compellable by the treaty, consented 
to their greatest grief and matter to them of most moment, 
which was their manufactures, whereof if no vent were with 
us, how many thousands they should soon have idle, and 
what commonly followeth of idleness he was not ignorant. 
Yea, quoth I, it might perhaps be (though indeed I know it 
not) that if her Majesty found any mind of due consideration 
or respect to her, she would relent in some other things that 
might be to you expedient and yet by law in her grace and choice, 
but be you assured, this is no way as it were by threatenings 
to win her Majesty, that no more needeth you than you her, and 
yet I even say and think God hath appointed one of these 
regions to have need of an other. To this he said, My lord, 
in this great case this is my opinion, howsoever I be thought of. 
If the Queen of England were not able to make full or perfect 
proof of poundage, I would yet never consent or advise 
but that as much should be continually paid to her Majesty 
as to any of her ancestors, for that the same hath had so long 
continuance, and I confess Princes need not to depart with 
things of profit. Marry, quoth he, the relenting, to the new 
rate, seemeth more than reasonable. True, quoth I, if the 
twentieth part were not due, and not the price which was 
paid when things were less cheap." 



59 

And for the cloths he said, the respect of the time con- 
sidered, he would wish the Queen to have the commodity, 
so as an equality were used that the subjects here paid no more 
than the English subjects. " That, said I, might soon procure 
no small misliking of our nation, and yet indeed they here 
little the better." 

Finally he concluded "he was not without hope of better 
end than the outer appearance gave likelihood of, the Princes 
on both sides being persuaded the one to relent to the other." 

I thought meet to signify to you this my communication 
with him that you " may gather whereupon they be like lastly to 
insist upon, or at the least what matter they utter for the 
present." 

" I have not been able to have so full discourse with Monsr. 
de Mountenye [Montigny] for want of speech, and yet as one 
of us may understand another, I have plainly signified to him 
my mind in like sort. Mr. Wotton has as fully and much to 
more purpose, I doubt not, dealt with him." 

3 pp. In clerk's hand, including signature per me T. (I. 399.) 

NEWS LETTER FROM ROME. 

[1565,] June 2. The Spanish Ambassador on behalf of his 
King requested pardon for Lord Ascanio della Corna. The 
Pope answered that he would hear Ascanio's own defence. 

On Thursday the Ambassador of the Knights of Malta 
requested that Ascanio might be granted to be their chief 
Captain. Ascanio offered hostages to return when the war was 
over. The Pope told the Ambassador to meddle with his 
own business only. Ascanio is said to have asked the Pope 
that if he had committed anything against the See or the 
Pope since the time of Julio III, otherwise than became a 
man of his calling, he might lose his head, and if he had done 
anything amiss as a soldier in Julio's time, he desired pardon. 
He is alarmed at the riffling-up of his life, but has many friends. 

Lord Angelo de Ceses is said to have been cited to appear 
personally under pain of confiscation of all his goods, although 
he is already deprived by the testament of Charles, his uncle. 

A muster is ordered of the Romans to-morrow in the Theatre 
of Belvedere. 

The Viceroy of Naples has granted Don Garcia de Toledo 
2,000 footmen, which the Dukes of Urbino and Parma are 
appointed to take up. A pinnace went yesterday from Civita 
Vecchia to hasten the muster of the galleys, but the navy 
will not be ready till July 10. 

There have been two assemblies about the Crocciata 
(Crusade). The Spanish King liketh it not, for the Spaniards 
say he has authority over the Crocciata. 

Cardinal Parnese is Legate of the Patrimony [of St. Peter]. 
Cardinal Nicolini has a grief in one of his eyes. Cardinal Medici 
will depart shortly. Cardinal Pysani is sick, and may 
accompany Navagero, who died lately. 



60 

A son of the Earl of Arran, lately taken by the Inquisition, 
is likely to be delivered. 

It is said that Pope gives the Earl Annibal Empis 20,000 
ducats to buy certain pools and marshes near Terracina and 
turn them into pasture. 

An Ambassador has come from the Switzers to confirm 
their league with the Pope. 

News from Malta of May 23rd (from Messina 26th) says 
that the Turkish Navy was sighted on the 18th and that they 
entered the haven of Marza Seirocco. On the 19th 5,000 landed 
there, and in a skirmish which lasted nearly all day more 
than 70 Turks were killed, and on our side a Portuguese horse- 
man and 5 soldiers, and a French horseman taken. The 20th 
15,000 more Turks landed, among them many rascals and 
untrained men, as was learnt from five renegades who fled to 
Malta. Five field guns were also landed and the enemy began 
to entrench themselves, and to occupy ground near Tarbar. 
The 21st the Basha marched with 7,000 men to view the 
town near St. Catharine's. Skirmishing with him we took an 
Ensign and slew a Langiacco (Lancer?) and many others, 
with little loss on our part. But this day and the next the 
enemy made a bulwark against St. Ermyaes [St. Elmo ?], 
meaning, it seems, to batter the vessels in the haven, when 
the great ordnance is landed. It is learnt from renegades that 
a great ship accompanying the navy with artillery and 6,000 
barrels of powder and 600 sipahis was lost ; 400 sipahis were 
drowned. A Mahona was stranded and lost with most of 
its cargo. There are thought to be 180 vessels, of which 
120 are galleys, 13 mahonas and 5 ships. Drogues [Dragut] 
is not yet arrived ; Alger is expected with his vessels ; 
Mustapha Pasha commands on land, Piali Haga on sea. The 
Great Master means to resist, and has 1,200 soldiers of all nations 
and about 600 horsemen, besides many Maltese, of whom the 
best occupy St. Ermo as the most dangerous place. The 
galley, which brought the news, carried forth women arid 
others unfit for war. Other vessels were to take more, but 
this was rendered impossible by runaways warning the enemy. 
Camello Medici, son to the Marquis of Marignano, was sent to 
the Pope and to all Christian princes for help. 

From Vienna May 30. Sir Edward returned here from 
Constantinople in 9J days which was great speed. He 
brings news that the Turk requires restitution of all places 
taken in Transylvania. Hopes are entertained of peace, 
but troops are being mustered throughout the Empire. 

The Basha of the Janissaries having a son lately taken by 
our soldiers and understanding that he was carried to a castle 
of Panbode belonging to a widoAV of Hungary, determined to 
assault it. Having done so, he said that he had not acted by 
order of the Turk and oii'ered to restore it to his Majesty. 

4 pp. (I. 79.) 



61 

ROBERT HUGGINS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, June 21. Madrid. The news in this Court be first 
that there has been great reconciliation between the Pope 
and the King, and between the Duke of Florence and the 
King, notwithstanding by the last letters that come from 
Rome here is come advice of 18,000 men that the King 
doth make in Italy, which here was never spoken of ; the 
Colonels of them be first Chapyne Vittello, a marquis, 
one of the best soldiers in Italy : he has been always 
general to the Duke of Florence and commendador mayor 
of the order of the Red Cross ; Cesar de Avala, brother 
of the Marquis of Pescara, is another who is a very good soldier 
also ; Pompeio Colonna of the ancientest house in Rome ; 
the Duke of Urbino General of all the army ; but whether 
these men shall go is not yet known here ; it is thought that 
they shall go into Corsica against San Pedro Corso, lest 
perad venture the Turks' armada do come to aid him, for he 
has all the island at his commandment, and has driven the 
Genoese into two holds, Bonifacio and another, which be 
impregnable unless by treason or famine : the Turks in the 
last war between the French King and the Emperor did take 
it by treason, and gave it to the French King who at the 
conclusion of the peace did render it again to the Genoese. 
The Turk hath sent an Ambassador to the French King to 
have safe-conduct for his armado into any of his ports if 
driven into any of them by weather. Don Garcia de Toledo 
arrived at Malta on May 6 with his galleys and six ensigns 
of men and a great deal of munition and other provision ; 
he carried away to Sicily all women, children and old folks 
from Malta on May 16, and on the 18th the Turks arrived 
with 150 galleys and 50 other sails : they made as though 
they would go into the Goletta, but it was but a policy to 
deceive the Christians and to linger the time until Dragut 
might join them, who as yet is not come, nor the King of 
Argealles' [Algiers] galleys, so that they came about and 
returned to Malta which they now besiege, and have landed 
18,000 or 20,000 men and 60 cannon : they of Malta skirmished 
with them at their first landing and killed 400 Turks and 
took one bander a and divers prisoners of Malta. One knight 
of Portingal was killed, and a French knight, who fell from his 
horse, taken prisoner. Advice came from Don Garcia that 
there were lost by sea 600 Turkish horsemen and much 
munition. In Malta there are 3,200 men and 600 gentlemen 
of the Order : four Turkish renegades say that the Turks' 
galleys be very well furnished of men but few of them old 
soldiers. Don Garcia sends word to the King that he can 
join together 130 galleys and ships well appointed, and offers 
his services to the King : he has made a new invention for his 
galleys, that he has written to the King, that one of his galleys 
should be better than two of the Turks'. 



62 

The King has sent Don Pedro de Avila to the Pope in haste ; 
it is suspected to be about the matters of Germany wherein 
the King is marvellously offended ; it is thought that the 
Count de Feria will go to the Emperor to conclude the marriage 
for the Prince of Spain ; here is great talk that the Queen of 
Scots shall marry Lord Darlin, and letters from France and 
Portugal that they be married, which is not liked here. Pedro 
Melendes is gone with 50 ships to Terra Florida to get it, if he 
can, of Villa Gallion [Goulaine] the Frenchman that hath it, 
but it is thought that he can keep it. The French King hath 
promised not to aid him. Nicholas Malby and his brother 
with Mr. Jermy and one Denby be sent from the King to 
Don Garcia with letters that they shall be entertained, and 
his Majesty hath written that they be well used in the galleys. 
Sir Richard Shelly hath asked leave of the King to go to Malta 
and goeth in post. 

2f pp. Holograph. (I. 403.) 

ANNA, nee D'OLDENBURG and DELMENHORST, COUNTESS 
DOWAGER OF EAST FRIESLAND to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, June 21. Embden. Thanking the Earl for com- 
mending her son John to the Queen, and requesting that he 
may receive just compensation for his expenses in hiring 
Colonels for her Majesty in 1564. 

1 p. Latin. Seal. (405.) 

[Sir THOMAS CUSAKE] to the QUEEN. 

[1565, June.] In your Majesty's letter of the 24th* of 
March you thought it strange that the Earls of Ormond and 
Desmond and their followers should break the peace contrary 
to my certificate, made under the Great Seal, of the conformity 
of Desmond to what he agreed before your Majesty in England. 
I wish that the truth of the case were known to you that the 
offender of them two might have condign punishment, for the 
like attempt between two subjects I have not heard of. 

As for the sums of money assessed by me upon certain gentle- 
men in Munster for their offences, it was agreed upon before 
your Majesty that I should p[ut] some of the notablest to 
execution, and in open sessions above twenty-eight were 
attainted and executed, and others fined, and for the better 
security of payment I received their pledges, and delivered 
them by bill indented to Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, then Sheriff 
of the County of Cork, for safe keeping. The copy of the bill 
I send to Mr. Secretary. 

For this half year and more I continued for the most part 
sick, or would have been in Munster ere this, but intend to 
repair thither shortly, and as I have already advertised you 

* There is no letter from the Queen of March 24 amongst S.P. Ireland, 
but Cusake probably means her letter of March 14, which is there under 
date. 



63 

that the only way to keep Minister in order was to plant 
presidents to see the former order kept, which could have been 
done without great charges. It shall therefore do well to 
put things in proof. 

Shane O'Neil's acceptation of your favour towards him 
shall appear by his letters to me in that behalf which I send 
to my Lord of Leicester. You willed me to assure him by 
letter or message that as soon as you established some certain 
deputy here, you meant to cause his case to be considered, 
and that he should not see in the delay any lack of favour 
towards him. Being sick at the receipt of your letter, I sent 
it to him with a letter of my own. He rejoiced much, and 
sent for all the gentlemen of his county to declare in open 
assembly your clemency to him, after which they cried in 
their language ' God save the Queen.' He wrote a signed 
letter to me (which I send to my Lord of Leicester) saying 
that he would banish the Scots out of Ireland, and required, 
as before, aid of your Majesty of " galoglas and kyrne." 
Assembling his force, he sent divers times to your galoglas to 
join him. They tracted and deferred the time so long as their 
coming then could stand him in no stead. He was sorry, 
affirming that he would rather have them than twice as many 
like men. I wrote to him not to conclude nor agree with 
the Scots without your pleasure. He took my advice well, 
and I sent his answer to my said Lord. 

I sent for the Dean of Armagh (who is not yet come) who 
is a great worker with me in all these causes, that he may work 
with O'Neil not to enlarge his prisoners, James McDonell, his 
brother Sorley Boy and others without your consent, and I 
will advertise you how I conclude therein. 

" Nowremaineth not one Scot dwelling in all the north part of 
Ireland that dependeth upon James [McDonell] nor none of his.' ' 
My poor advice therefore is that you write to him [O'Neil] 
a letter of thanks for his services with some reward that he 
may persevere to do your commands. With policy all Ireland 
may be brought to good order, O'Neill being made a good 
subject as to my judgment can be done, his suits being ended, 
and Desmond and Ormond made friends (which is hard to do 
without enforcement). 

You must be served more than by one earl or two, there- 
fore the offender must suffer some smart, for better they 
both were unborn than such cruel and wilful part[ie]s should 
be left unpunished. Those things done that men may fear 
your justice, and presidents placed in Munster to maintain 
order and justice, there is no great care to be taken for the 
governance of Ireland, and you are like to have yearly revenue 
and profit to maintain the charges here, where now your 
treasure is wastefully spent through frivolous occasions. All 
things are to be put in proof and to continue no longer than 
occasion shall serve. The faction of counsellors for friendly 
respects hath always hindered affairs here. I wish that all 



64 

counsellors were as willing and earnest in your affair as the 
Bishop of Meath. Sickness has long kept me from the 
company of my Lord Justice and Council ; therefore I refer 
to his Lordship the certificate and the rest of abuses meet to 
be reformed in divers other parts of the realm. 

5J pp., bound in wrong order. Endorsed: "Copy of the 
Queen's Majesty's letters out of Ireland June 56 [sic, meant 
for 65]. (I. 41 and 39.) 



CAKOLO UTENHOVIO to 



1565, July 22. London. Has heard from his father who 
urgently requires his return on family affairs, regretting his 
departure from England. Ending with the following, 

o /3/o? /BooTwv Oeoio 
are/o ovSev a/mfipoTOio. 

1J pp. Italian. No address. [Cf. Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., 
1564, pp. 2, and 317.] (I. 409.) 

ANTHONY, LORD MONTAGUE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, July 29. Bruges. Since my last letters both Monsr. 
de Montigny and d'Assonville have been continually absent 
and yet remain at Brussels, not meaning as it seems to return 
till they hear of their commissioners' arrival here from 
England, whom we look for daily, and especially to hear 
from the Queen such matters as we have by letters imparted 
unto my Lords of the Council. Our not he,aring is strange, 
but we hope at their arrival to hear the Queen's full pleasure 
and resolution, to bring us to an end some way or other. 
From the Bill enclosed, sent by Secretary Torrey [de la Torre] 
and confirmed this day by the merchants, will be perceived 
the news we have from the Regent and State at Brussels, from 
Antwerp and the Spaniards and merchants. There was great 
joy at Brussels at the arrival of the news that the Turks had 
sent 40 galleys to Thessalonica for victuals which they much 
wanted, and therefore Don Garcia, expecting not the galleys 
to come from Spain, but landing part of his army, with those 
he had (60 galleys and 60 ships of war), invaded the Turkish 
navy, which he found almost empty, and therefore the sooner 
distressed. I write what I hear. The truth will appear after- 
wards. 

I hear the Queen removes to Windsor, which so being, I 
trust my wife may the sooner have commodity to lay her 
belly at Guildford. What the Queen shall resolve, I beseech 
you my poor wife may have intelligence. So far as Cowdray 
she will not till my return, and in London she hath been so 
long that the house is too unsweet. 

1J pp. In clerk's hand, including signature. 

Enclosure. On July 26 news came to Brussels that the 
Turkish fleet made their sixth assault on St. Elmo and finally 
took it, killing all Christians found there, and while the Turks 



65 

were intent on the spoil of the Castle, Don Garcia, coming 
up with part of his fleet, recovered the castle and broke the 
whole Turkish fleet, and won by land and sea a greater victory 
than his Catholic Majesty ever obtained. Dragut, King of 
Tripoli was killed, as also the Turkish land and sea commanders. 
Latin. 

Addition, in Secretary's usual hand. I send such advices 
further as presently I have received from the Spaniards, and 
also by Mr. Governor from the Italians at Antwerp. 

1J pp. The half sheet here inserted in this volume is dated 
1569, Jan. 22, and is calendared in its proper place. (I. 411.) 

The EMPEROR MAXIMILIAN IT to the EARL OF LEICESTER 

1565, July (endorsement). Vienna. Thanking the Earl for 
his service in promoting that matter with the Queen. 

J p. Endorsed : the Emperor's Letter. Seal. Latin ; torn. 
(I. 419.) 

HENRY [Lord] PAGET to Sir NICHOLAS THROCMORTON. 

1565, Sept. 1. Venice. The hopes of the Knights of 
Malta grow less. It is said that Don Garcia will try to 
land only part of his men, but this seems impossible 
considering the continual guard of his enemies. Some of 
the Maltese begin to fly to their enemies, and a French deserter 
having given information of their weakness, the Turks gave 
a general assault both to the Burgo and St. Michael, the 
former to keep them occupied. A bridge had been made 
from the one to the other, so the whole force soon attacked 
St. Michael ; they were repulsed, but intend to batter for 
three days, so that Don Garcia may be too late. I have 
deferred my journey to France, as there may be more news. 

An envoy sent by the Emperor to the Turk is returned to 
Vienna. Had the result of his errand been good, it would 
have been known. If the Emperor wants peace, he must 
restore what he took from the Emir of Transylvania. 

The Venetians are looking to their forts and garrisons, for 
the Turk has a force in Styria near their frontier. 

The Pope is putting on his State a tax of 400,000 crowns. 
An Ambassador of the Queen of Scots is looked for there ; 
whether his errand is to procure a blessing or a curse for 
England, or to borrow money of the Pope is not said, but it 
can be for no good to us. Let my Lord of Leicester know this. 

2 pp. Holograph. (I. 423.) 

JOHN HAWKINS to the QUEEN. 

1565, Sept. 20. Padstow. " Pleaseth it your Majesty to be 
informed that the 20th day of September I arrived in a port 
of Cornwall called Padstow with your Majesty's ship the 
Jesus in good safety. Thanks be to God our voyage being 
reasonably well accomplished according to our pretence. 



66 

" Your Majesty's commandment at my departing from your 
Grace at Enfield I have accomplished so as I doubt not but it 
shall be found honourable to your Highness, for I have always 
been a help to all Spaniards and Portyngals that have come in 
my way, without any force or prejudice by me offered to any of 
them although many times in this tract they have been under 
my power. I have also discovered the coast of Floryda in 
those parts where there is thought to be any great wealth, 
and because I will not be tedious unto your Highness I have 
declared the commodities of it to Mr. Winter, who will show 
my Lord Robert of it at large." . . . 

1 p. Holograph. (I. 427.) 

F[RANCIS EABL OF] BEDFOED to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Oct. 5. Alnwick. " Your Lordship's letter was sent 
to the Lords, who received the same. The Earl of Murray 
above all the rest seemeth best to continue a good opinion of 
us, notwithstanding he thinketh that our aid might here before 
now have in much better sort appeared unto them, and they 
think they have gone too far and trusted us too much." They 
see now none other way but by flight . . ., whither or where 
are divers opinions among them. They are of no force and still 
grow weaker. The Queen " will hear of no peace but will have 
either the Duke or the Earl of Murray's head." 

' The Earl Both well hath wrought sore with the Elwoods 
to call them to him, but my Lord Warden here of the middle 
marches hath deserved great thanks for keeping them ours." 

More. " The aid that is sent to them under . . . Captain 
Reade and others remaineth at Carlisle ready for them if they 
see time and commodity to employ them, but . . . the same 
is no force to the purpose." 

1J pp. Part of the above is to be found in his letter to 
Cecil of same date. [See Cal. 8.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 429.) 

[JAMES STEWART, EARL OF MORAY to the EARL OF 

BEDFORD.] 

1565, Oct. 6. Carlisle. I understand by your letters " how 
your commission extends not so far as may support our cause 
as I by my last letter in name of the rest of my Lords required." 
And albeit the same muckle endangers our friends here, yet 
your resolution to be here on Wednesday shall do muckle good, 
and therefore I would wish from my heart you should keep 
your purpose, whereby not only shall our cause go the better, 
but all that thing you desire of meeting with me, and no less 
craved on my side, shall be accomplished, for I shall not fail 
to meet you here that day, the 10th instant, unto the which 
I refer all other things. Your earnestness and care taken at 
all times in this our cause has assured our hearts, and we 
well understand there is no lack in your goodwill. 

1 p. Signature torn off. (I. 433.) 



67 

F[RANCIS EARL OP] BEDFORD to the EARL OP LEICESTER. 

1565, Oct. 7. Berwick. Having heard from Cecil that 
the Queen is pleased with him, he has also heard by Melville 
that she meaneth to send the Earl of Sussex with a power to aid 
the Lords of the Congregation. He protests against being thus 
superseded, being willing to spend goods, lands, blood and 
life in the cause of God, the Queen, and the peace of both 
kingdoms, and requests his Lordship's interest to avert this 
discredit. 

2| pp. Part of the above is to be found in his letter to Cecil 
of same date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 435.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the QUEEN. 

1565, Oct. 9. Alnwick. Having received the Queen's 
letters of the 3rd he states that the three hundred men sent to 
the aid of the Lords of the Congregation are still at Carlisle, 
and shall not enter Scotland unless the Lords are in the field, 
nor will he nor any of his men openly break the peace. He 
requests orders from the Queen that he may neither go too far 
nor too short for her pleasure. 

1 p. Signature torn off, but endorsed : the Earl of Bedford 
and James Steward's letters in it. (I. 439.) 

Sir THOMAS SMITH to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Oct. 12. Nantes. " For mine opinion betwixt home- 
friend and Lovealian* ye take it right. But of all I cannot 
like th' opinion of Agamias and Spite wed,* for it is the source 
of the ruin and trouble of our realm and wiU be the final 
disturbance of her Majesty's good designs." 

For my coming home I never desired it more, and am sorry 
that England should be destitute in time of peace of men to 
succeed me. If the matter were hazardous, I would be 
content to be employed to adventure life, body, wit and 
reputation for the Queen. But in such tranquil times a tiro 
may do it weU. I desire not to be, as one of the Commissions 
was sent to me, orator perpetuus in Francia. For Mr. Hobbie 
[Hoby] whom you name I take him to be Sir Philip Hobbie 's 
younger brother. He will be the better able to discharge this 
charge with the help and counsel of Mr. Secretary his brother- 
in-law. 

I am glad that the Queen took my poor house at Ankerwick, 
but sorry that my wife was not there at that time to entertain 
her Highness. That you write that the Queen was merry there 
recompenseth all. "And I pray God I may once see her 
Majesty merry there, and your Lordship together. Then I 
shall reckon my house twice sanctified and blessed." 

2J pp. Seal. (I. 443.) 

* i.e. lover of aliens, and opponent of marriage. 



66 

JAMES HAMILTON [DUKE or CHATELHERAULT] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1565, Oct. 17. Newcastle. To the same effect as his letter 
to Cecil of same date. [See Gal S.P. Scotland.] 
| p. Endorsement nearly torn off. (I. 447.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

1565, Oct. 17. Newcastle. To the same effect as his letters to 
the Queen and to Cecil of same date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 

1 p. (I. 451.) 

P[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1565, Oct. 18. Newcastle. To the same effect as his letter 
to Cecil of same date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 

* p. (I. 453.) 

THOMAS [VISCOUNT] HOWARD [of Bindon] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1565, Oct. 22. Bindon. After reference to the musters of 
those who were bound to find horse and geldings, requests 
the Earl of Leicester to crave the Queen's pardon for his having 
termed one of George Broughton's witnesses as he well 
deserved, wherefore he was assessed by the Lords to pay 50/. 
which is daily required of him. He prays the Earl to give 
further credit to the bearer Mr. Alexander who can declare 
the circumstances. 

1 p. (I. 455.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1565, Oct. 24. Berwick. Desiring to know the day of 
his daughter's marriage to the Earl's brother [Ambrose 
Dudley], and requesting sympathy for the Earl of Murray and 
the Lords. That Queen " meaneth to be doing with us when 
peradventure we shall not mistrust her, and the sending so 
often now of late to view Ayemouth [Eyemouth] " confirms 
this. 

I am lothe " to take such an enterprise in hand as this is, 
that may engender breach of peace, having no better warrant." 
Asks that Wilson " may not say that being commanded to serve, 
he was entrapped in the meantime. How much it went 
against my heart that he was so used." 

1J pp. (I. 457.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1565, Oct. 26. Berwick. Nothing that he does is well 
taken, and he will henceforth keep to his orders. He has been 
advised that the Scottish Queen means to take Eyemouth and 
sends 300 men to Kelso, and 50 arquebusiers to Hume 
Castle. Because we mean peace, we do not wish to believe 



69 

that she means war. The old Borderers say the Scotch are 
always beforehand in making war because we do not wish to 
break the peace. The news about Eyemouth comes from 
the Borderers. 

[Postscript.] If the Earl of Murray is gone, this letter is to 
be returned. 

1J pp. Parts of this letter are to same effect as his letters to 
the Queen and to Cecil of same date. [Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.~\ 
(I. 459.) 

Sir THOMAS SMITH to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1565, Nov. 22. Tours. Interceding for his man Charles 
Willson charged with piracy. 

J p. To the same effect as his letter to the Queen of same 
date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 461.) 

GEORGE GILPIN to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Nov. 25. Antwerp. An Italian captain has lately 
come from Scotland to raise 300 (some say 500) Italian and 
Spanish soldiers here or in France. He sends them six or 
eight at a time by Middelburgh to Scotland for the Prince's 
guard. Fifty are always to be at Court, the rest divided in 
garrisons, all going to Court by turn. A Scotchman also has 
licence to send 5,000 daggers, corslets and other munition. 

Certain merchants have lately complained to the Regent, 
who was very angry, of their ships being taken by English 
pirates. The complaint was first brought to the Spanish 
Ambassador, lately from England ; he stays here a month or 
two longer than he meant, awaiting answer of certain matters 
from Spain. 

Viglius is about to resign. One Tisnack, who has lately 
been in Spain and is of the King's Council here succeeds him, 
and Hoperus will go to Spain. The King of Spain may be here 
next summer, unless the Turk arm by sea, in which case he 
may go to Italy first. A nobleman may be sent from 
Spain to Hungary to " shut up " the marriage between the 
Prince of Spain and the Emperor's eldest daughter. Cardinal 
Granvelle is still in Burgoyne, "as well liked as he was here 
and no better loved." 

Lazarus Swendel [Schwendi] is very sick in Hungary, which 
is much lamented at this Court. 

Great scarcity of corn is feared here, and the Magistrates 
hope that our Queen will allow corn to be sent here, for which 
they will be more grateful than some other places in this country 
where much corn has been distributed out of England. 

1J pp. (I. 465.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Dec. 1. Berwick. Will frame his doings by the Earl's 
letter received at Newcastle. 



70 

The Commissioners are daily expected. 

The Abbot Kilwinning and Mr. Robert Melvin [Melville] 
have not had audience nor answer ; perhaps their dress depends 
upon the coming of the Commissioners, for whom with 100 
horses in their train a safe-conduct has been received. The 
Lords are where they were, and put no trust in our help. 

The Earl's favour towards " my daughter now your Lord- 
ship's sister-in-law " is requested in the matter of the jointure. 

If the Lady Cecilia [Marchioness of Baden] lies not in my 
house herself, I pray that "order may be given for the 
removing of her train which as I hear be but a homely 
company and in as homely manner do use my house, breaking 
and spoiling windows and everything." 

The Scots seeing us discharge our force are unlikely to pay 
sums due to English subjects. 

2J pp. A P.S. to this letter is identical with that of his letter 
to Cecil of same date. [See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 469.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to Sir WILLIAM CECIL. 

1565, Dec. 7. Berwick. The Council of Scotland having 
enquired into the rescue by us of the prisoners taken by them, 
I have in part answered, and am minded to send a man to 
complain of the want and delay of justice at my last meeting 
with Cesford, Minister of those marches. But I see that they 
are disposed to exchange prisoners. At first they thought that 
we should put up with the injury done by them, but hear- 
ing that we had rescued our prisoners with only the death 
of one, and the capture of a few, of their men, they seem to 
put up [with] the matter. 

" Lord Darnley and the Queen were both from Edinburgh 
when this news came thither, he on his pastime on the other 
side of the water on hunting, and she going after him, between 
whom is thought to be some misliking for his twenty days' 
absence from her." They come both to Edinburgh this night, 
and we now look for our Commissioners here. 

1 would gladly hear whether Lord Lomeley come hither or 
no. "I heartily pray you help that my house there may be rid 
of certain rude guests that spill and spoil everything in the 
same." 

2 pp. (I. 477.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Dec. 24. Berwick. Mr. Randolph can receive as 
yet no answer, but I doubt whether that Queen meaneth 
by her delay not to make such answer as will be plausible 
to you there. The Queen [Elizabeth] should be stout which 
would bring things to better pass than this mild dealing. 
The Parliament there begins shortly : the Lords and all 
others abroad are summoned, which if they obey not, then 
is all confiscate. The Duke [of Chatelherault] only is excepted 



71 

because he has already received his dress, albeit there be 
that would fain impeach him that he may not enjoy it. In 
what case the Earl of Murray is towards his dress for our 
help, if it fall out that no Commissioners can talk of things 
on both sides, I leave you to consider. Our number is so 
small that, if diminished, it will weaken this peace. I pray 
you have consideration thereof for it is of great importance. 

1J pp. Part of this letter is to the same effect as his letter 
to Cecil of same date. [See Col. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 481.) 

JAMES STEWART, EARL or MORAY, to the EARL 
OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Dec. 26. Newcastle. I wrote yesterday to you, 
and now having occasion by repairing of this gentleman, 
servant to Mr. Randolph, I thought it good to let you know 
that to me and the rest of the noblemen which are joint in 
this cause, as weU in Scotland as in this realm (my Lord Duke 
only excepted) there appears nothing but to be handled with 
extremity and the " forfaltor " to proceed, and as you have 
shewn you most favourable in this cause, I now desire you 
to continue and to " travel! " with the Queen's Majesty that the 
Commissioners may be with expedition direct doing, and to 
be chosen such men as will travell with our Sovereign in our 
cause as your wisdom thinks good, for it appears that her 
Grace will appoint no Commissioners to this effect before 
the other Commissioners be on their journey ; the time of the 
forfaltor is the six of the next month, and therefore the sooner 
the Commissioners meet, it will be better. 

[Postscript.] " The number of the persons summoned . . 
are ma nor 60 persons." 

\ p. Seal. The rest of this letter is to same effect as letter 
to Cecil of same date. [See Cal. S.P. Scotland.] (I. 485.) 

K[ATHERINE,] [DUCHESS OF] SUFFOLK to the EARL OF 
LEICESTER. 

1565, Dec. 28. Ednarne [Edenham]. " I ways wons 
mended to have sent suche anyers geffet [a new year's gift] 
as Mr. Bertey tolde yor. 1. I hadd devessed to the qwyens 
majestey, or iff not that non other thaune ordenare monny, 
for that I colde frayme no serttayn devyes to that porpus 
wyche I most desseryd, because the playnetts rayned [planets 
reigned] most unserteynly, nowe I hier to me grette comfort 
of some better aspecte, but iff it was so far forthe as the frendly 
report is abrode, I have juste cause to hender that wyche 
I wold most wylengly forder, seyng you have so far proseded 
wthout ether the knowlyge or any mayns mayd for yor. 
mothers consent, and therfor unlawful befor me, wyche 
ought wt. the forste to have the participation off the forste 
freutes off yor. felicity as naturaly I moste fyel the forste 
sorowes off any yor. infelicity, wherfor I wysh yor. 1. as well 



72 

as any mother har chelde, but my blessing I wol wt. holde 
tell yor. better amendment upon payne whereoff I dessere 
yor. 1. to have my most humbly deute in remembrans to har 
majestey and so I lyve yor. 1. to the etarnale God. Yor. 
1. loving mother and asured frend to me powre. K. 
Suffoulk. 

Postscript by Tier husband Richard Bertie. " Acording to 
my promise I intend, God permitting to wayte upon yor. 1. 
this next terme, In the meane season and ever I remeyn yor. 
1. humble at commandment, R. Bertie." 

1 p. The whole in Mr. Bertie's hand. (I. 489.) 

F[EANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Dec. 29. Berwick. Mr. Randolph's letters being 
" come with answer from this Queen, and all things granted, . . I 
trust your Commissioners shall not now long stay. I pray 
God they may do some good for the Earl of Murray, . . wishing 
there were some consideration had of him for his long and 
chargeable tarrying at Newcastle." 

" There hath of late been taken up by the Earl of 
Northumberland's men in a township of his a chest wherein 
was, as is credibly reported 2,000/. in Spanish gold, which 
chest with an armour therein was cast on land from a ship 
that perished on this coast. The gold is carried to my 1. of 
Northumberland, and is thought to come out of Spain by 
Yaxeley, and that he is drowned with the ship, but hereof 
there is no certain knowledge, for no man escaped that was in 
the same ship. To my 1. admiral I have written hereof 
and sent his 1. one piece of the gold that was of the 
same." 

This hard weather, if it continue, will put our bridge in 
great danger as it did last year. I pray you to stand good 
lord to Charles Wilson; your Lordship knoweth " what good 
service he did and would have done if that naughty fellow 
Jenkinson had not so soon taken him." I pray you to be a 
means towards the Queen for his pardon, and shall give thanks 
therefore as it were for anyone of mine. 

[Postscript.] I have received your letter by Lilgrave my 
man ; " the fault formerly committed shall be amended as 
now ye have seen." 

1J pp. (I. 493.) 

EDWARD, EARL OF HERTFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565, Dec. 30. From Sir John Mason's. Knowing that 
you are the appointed means that in the end shall gain unto 
us our Prince's over long wanted favour I beseech the 
employing of your credit for us and that you will help the 
afflicted that still seek your mediation to our Queen. 

1 p. (I. 497.) 



73 

A NOTE of the COMPOSITION for the MERCHANTS ADVENTURES. 

[Endorsement.] 

[1565 ?]. Anna, Edzart, etc., Countess and Earls of East 
Friesland grant free liberty to trade till 6 months after the 
present peace. 

2| pp. Copy. (II. 737.) 

SUMMONS to the EARL OP LEICESTER. 

1565[-6], Jan. 13. Westminster. Requiring his attendance 
at Windsor for the installation on the 15th of the French 
King, by his proxy Lord Rambuliet, as a knight of the Order. 

J p. Sign Manual. Seal. (I. 505.) 

ANNE [DUCHESS OF] SOMERSET to the QUEEN. 

1565[-6], Jan. " My trust is your Highness hath not 
been untold how long I lay so near the comfort of your 
Majesty's presence and was unmeet to enjoy the same, and 
sorry I am that as yet the same occasion drives me to write 
that just excuse of mine attendance, assuring your Highness 
that what the service of prayer and well wishing may deserve 
in absence, it neither hath nor can lack on my part. And 
herewithal for that I have so long forborne to molest your 
Majesty touching the tedious suit of my son, and for all that 
wisdom wisheth I should not still shut up my sorrows in silence, 
I cannot but presume your Majesty's godly nature will bear 
with a mother's most humble petition which is that among 
all your merciful and virtuous proceedings in all causes and 
towards all persons, the lamentable state and case of my son 
may not alone be without all favour and forgiveness and 
herein for me to remember this more than four years' 
imprisonment, the great and importable fine or other their 
worse griefs of mind, as punishment worthy for their offences, 
or that since their delivery, any more than the first fault of 
disordered love by any trial can justly be found I will not, 
but setting all excusing and justifying apart, fully and wholly 
depend on your Majesty's mercy, which the sooner your 
Highness shall witsafe to extend, the more they must 
stand bound in all services to do what in them may lie to 
recompense some part of their former offences, and so do 
rest in prayer for your Majesty's long preservation wishing 
God to make your Highness mother of some sweet prince to 
the end your Majesty might the better conceive what mother's 
cares and affection can mean." 

1 p. Holograph. Date given in endorsement only. (I. 517.) 

HENRY [Lord] PAGET to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 
1566, Feb. 2. Paris. After much standing upon terms, 
so as might be most for the safety of their persons, the 
Admiral and the Cardinal of Lorraine are arrived at the 



74 

Court, and continue together in God's peace and the King's, 
shewing that they have not been all their lives courtiers in 
vain. The Admiral arrived a week before the Cardinal with 
his ordinary train, as the King ordered, but yet for that a 
wise man cannot be too ware of his enemies, with gentlemen 
adherents in sundry places about the court. The Cardinal 
was accompanied till within a day or two's journey of the 
court with the young Due de Guise and friends to the number 
of 1,000 horse, nor, being timorous would have approached 
nearer without some assurance of the safety of his person. 
The King, desirous to procure prospective reconciliation 
betwixt the two houses, sent Monsr. Burdillion and Monsr. 
Bossu with 200 or 300 horse to guard him to Mollins 
where half a day's journey from the city he was met by 
Conde and the rest of the princes of the blood and other 
nobles, and conducted to the Court. Though Conde and 
his favourers thus met the Cardinal and resort to his weekly 
sermons, he still professes the Admiral's religion, for now 
the quarrel is no more for religion, but for private injury 
betwixt the Cardinal and Marshal Montmorency, no man 
having been a greater enemy to the Protestants than the 
Constable, Danville and their allies, yet in the maintenance 
of the Marshal they all stick together. The Queen Mother, 
sailing with a side wind seeks to reach some haven before 
the storm grow greater that afterwards she might try the 
seas with more prosperous weather, is for a pacification 
between the parties, which will be like the kiss of Judas. 
We had already heard that the King called upon the Cardinal 
in the presence of the Admiral to accept reciprocal amity ; 
the reply was that he being a spiritual man did remit the 
prosecution of the death of his brother to his family, and that 
if ChatiUon would deny his being privy to the murder, he 
would accept his friendship ; the Admiral then replied that 
he was not directly nor indirectly procurer or partaker of 
the same and that he was his enemy only in respect of 
religion, but that if he accepted the friendship, those who 
were dependent on him, would doubt his support, and seek 
other anchor, and his strength would diminish and he become 
a prey to his enemies. 

As for the matter betwixt the Cardinal and Marshal 
Montmorency, the former is content to remit the case to 
the Constable, according to equity. This is thought wise, 
as likely to disunite them. The Admiral laboureth to 
maintain the quarrel and to sow sedition betwixt the houses, 
for if the Constable died before anything were done, to bring 
it to pass afterward would be a difficulty. The Marshal so 
stoutly justifies his doings that being sent for by the King 
to come to court, he replied by his brother that before he 
went he would know whether the King would avow his 
dealings with the Cardinal to have been in accordance with 
his decree ; but that he would come with a guard. The 



75 

Court thus gathered that the accord would not easily be 
compounded. But so earnest are the King and Queen Mother, 
and so pliable is the Cardinal (some doubting of his good 
faith) that it may almost be called an agreement. The 
Cardinal hath remitted the death of his brother to be judged 
by the King, and accepts all that was done by the Marshal 
as for the King's service, if the Marshal will use some 
ceremonial words of excuse to that effect that none of his 
proceedings were of private malice to the Cardinal. The 
Marshal within seven or eight days means to repair to Court 
to the universal shutting up of the dissensions, though he 
may alter his opinion first. I guess that one of the chief 
stays of his departure hence is his desire to keep possession 
of Paris, for if under colour of needing his counsel they 
entertain him there till they have taken new order for what 
they lately feared at Paris, Chatillon's side would be much 
weaker, in that as long as the Marshal remains here they 
can keep or sack the town. So since there is so much counter- 
mining on both sides, the worse may be prepared for, and 
some think that great dissimulation will ere long engender 
greater rancour. 

In the meantime the Duke of Orleans is to become Duke 
of Anjou, and Anjou become Duke of Alen9on. Orleans is 
Governor of the Finances, an office formerly appertaining to 
the Cardinal of Lorraine, and Lieutenant-General of the realm, 
the Dukes of Guise's place ; with one plaster they have 
salved two sores, for it is a proof to Orleans of the King's 
trust, and the Cardinal's ambition is less suspected, the King's 
brother taking offices formerly held by the house of Guise, 
and the Cardinal may well think to arrive at his intent by 
seeming to shun all greatness until the King of Spain is more 
at leisure to be a buckler to him. 

To the divisions in France everyone has become a party. 

There is talk of some way being devised for the payment 
of the King's debts, and the diminishing of his charges by 
casting some companies of men-at-arms. Some treasurers 
have robbed the King, and Grandeville and Gonora who was 
in England, are in disgrace for this. 

8 pp. (I. 671.) 

CHRISTOPHER, MARQUIS OF BADEN to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, Feb. 3. Baden. Thanking the Earl for kindness 
to the Marchioness and his son in England, requesting further 
services for them, arid hoping to be able to make some return. 
The Marchioness will be able to explain her husband's 
position. 

1 p. Latin : seal. (I. 681.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565[-6], Feb. 14. Berwick. I thank you for the 
resolution obtained of the Queen for the enlargement of the 



76 

Earl of Sutherland. Although this does not so much please 
the Earl of Murray at this time of distress, as his friends 
desire, yet his gentle dealing herein will begin and continue 
friendship between his Lordship and the Earl of Huntley, 
whose favour may serve at some other time to good purpose, 
and stand this Earl in stead, since he is driven to so hard a 
condition. 

Yet it would encourage Murray and the rest of these Lords 
to be relieved in mind with some words of comfort from you 
above. 

For your own estate I am glad it is better than some would 
have it, yet I am sure not so well as some of your friends 
could wish. 

Touching my daughter I wrote to her that I had heard 
somewhat, though not so much as I feared, and glad I am " 
you have put me out of that doubt. 

Robert Melvyn [Melville] comes up soon to labour for the 
Lady Lennox, and for Fowler, and the money that was lost 
on the coast. There maybe in the cause of his coming up 
further matter which may be conjectured because that Queen 
sendeth him, who was so addict to Murray as I cannot, till 
I hear the contrary, think evil of him. Your wisdom may 
find out this. I will judge the best albeit I would not wish 
you otherwise to use him than you find him. " This Queen 
so leaneth to Popery as useth many private devices to allure 
men thereunto and chiefly her nobles, among whom Lennox 
(who is of himself most Popish of all) she seems most wary 
of." 

The Ambassador has used all friendly dealing for these 
Lords, but nothing can prevail. He is now on his return 
and will be here to-morrow, and shall take the same lodging 
he had before, even my bed and chamber. As he had so 
evil lodgings at a common inn at Alnwick (my Lord Warden 
being then from home) he meaneth to lodge him now in his 
own house. 

Remember the best means for my coming up against St. 
George's day and let me put you in mind for Mr. Randolph, 
who heareth, as I do, that great and earnest suit hath been 
made for the Postmastership that was promised to him, that 
Sir John Mason could admit a joint patent with him. You 
know Mr. Randolph's services and how he hath deserved a 
better thing than that, which if he miss in his absence, would 
discourage any one to serve. His only trust is that you will 
stick by him. 

If their Lords be not holpen through the Queen's goodness 
at this meeting upon the Commission, their case is desperate 
and they will be driven to scatter. Great pity it were it 
should be so. I trust you will help them. Next under God 
her Majesty may best do it. 

[Postscript.] The fault found with the haste meant for my 
letters hence was my man's doing, for he thought good to tickle 



77 

the posts a little, but since this is forbidden, let them make 
what haste they list. 
3 pp. (I. 525.) 

F[BANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to Sir NICHOLAS 
THROKMORTON. 

1565[-6], Feb. 14. Berwick. I cannot but lament the 
mutable state of religion there which seemeth to be in the 
wane ; so do I these good Lord's case. I cannot imagine 
how any man's help can pleasure or profit them. I wish 
the Commissioners were hastened, and either some such as 
hath been wished, or else that such as should deal therein 
had the larger and rounder commission for their sakes, for 
either must it be done now shortly or else not at all. 

" That Queen this other day was in a merchant's house f 
in Edinburgh where was a picture of the Queens majesty j 
which when some had said their opinions how like or unlike 
it was to the Queens majesty, Nay, quoth she, it is not like 
her, for I am Queen of England." ... I have neither 
written thereof to my Lord of Leicester, nor yet to Mr. : 
Secretary. Bothwell and Huntley refused to go to Mass 
when the Queen would have had them, whereat I much marvel, 
for I took Bothwell to have been of no religion. Divers Earls 
there have been at the Court now this triumphing time, and 
some have gone to the Sermon, and as many of them to the 
Mass. 

" Robert Melvyn [Melville] departeth hence this morning, 
who (it is said) is of another humour than before he was. 
. . . Some think he cometh up about some practices with 
Papists, and some think for my lady of Lennox and Fowler 
and to deal for them. It is very hard to make me believe 
that he that was so far in with the Earl of Murray should 
now . . . work an other way. I know not what to 
think thereof; you may hearken, so use him as you find him." 

Some comfortable letters might be sent to these good 
lords to revive in them some hope of weldoing. I have 
had some talk with Robert Melvyn about the cause of his 
coming up, and I conjecture that he meaneth honestly and 
well. You in a little talk can soon decipher him whether 
he be gold or copper. To-morrow or the next day I look 
for Rambouillet. 

2 pp. (I. 529.) 

ANNA LADY HUNGERFORD to -the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565[-6], Feb. 17. Exton. The Countess of Feria writes 
from Madrid that Morgan Robarts, who had your licence to 
go to Spain, has unhonestly used his tongue towards you 
and other noblemen, and has reported our Queen's court 
more like a stews than a place of degree and virtue. This 
with a great deal more he reported in the Count of Feria 's 



78 

house, and had warning to use himself more circumspectly. 
One John Dutch of the Count's house wrote a volume being 
eighteen sheets of his unnatural sayings against his country. 
Robarts went, unawares to my sister [the Countess of Ferid], 
to the Court where the Count lay, saying she was not able to 
write, but thought him a letter meet enough, with other 
leasings so that the Count believed him. At the Court he 
uttered his indecent words so that they now talk of the 
traitorousness of us English towards our country. For trial 
of this I have a letter which I would show you and I will write 
to Spain for that volume to lay his doings before his face. 
He is now in London and the bearer can tell you whereabouts. 
I am sure if you examine him he will deny it. It is well known 
that he is great with the Spanish Ambassador, and what 
he can hear by bribery or otherwise he gives him intelligence. 
2J pp. Year stated in endorsement only. (I. 533.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565[-61, Feb. 17. Alnwick. To the same effect as his 
letter to Cecil of same date. [See Col. 8.P. Foreign, ElizJ] 
1 p. (I. 537.) 

Sir NICHOLAS THROKMORTON to the EARL OF 
LEICESTER. 

1565[-6], Feb. 19. Baynard's Castle. By my letter of 
the 18th sent by Mr. Elles you might perceive that I intended 
to use the same speech to my Lord Keeper which was men- 
tioned in that letter, and I have accomplished the same. 
He alloweth your stay for three or four days, and thinketh 
that Mr. Sakfeld shall be despatched by Thursday or Friday 
next. The Lord Keeper will be at his house by St. Alban's 
to-morrow night, and looketh to speak with you there 
on your return, and to accompany you to the Court on 
Saturday or Sunday, when he will inform you of the 
particularities of Mr. Sakfeld's despatch and instructions. 
" More I could not learn of him. Otherwise I do understand 
this to be the state of his despatch. Her Majesty will 
tolerate the public contract for the exercise of his Roman 
religion so as he will promise secretly to her Majesty to alter his 
said religion hereafter. She doth further say that if the Arch- 
duke will come, she promiseth to marry him unless there be some 
apparent impediment. She maketh the greatest difficulty to 
accord unto him some large provision to entertain him at her 
and the realm's cost, as he demandeth." I believe he will not 
come. 

Herewith I send letters to me from the North received 
this day. Keep them safely and suffer Randolph's letter 
to be seen to no man but yourself. Corruptio unius est 
veneratio alterius. 



79 

Mr. Henadge declines. Lord Ormond's credit amends. 
Lady Stafford has advised me to estrange myself two or 
three days from the Court. I will do so till Thursday. 

All men and women of appearance in this town and Court, 
except the Earl of Arundel and the Lady Cecilia, were this 
day at the Earl of Southampton's marriage, whence Mr. 
Secretary is now gone to the Court to perfect Mr. Sakfeld's 
despatch, who this forenoon was with the Queen more than 
an hour. Lord Pembroke concurs with me for your tarrying 
longer. 

Postscript. Lord Arundel has lately sounded the Spanish 
Ambassador touching the Queen's marriage with Charles, 
and the King his master's devotion therein, which he finds 
to be rather for the manners' sake for respect of kindred than 
for any hearty desire the King has in the matter. I now 
understand that the Queen has deferred the signing of 
Sakfeld's despatch until your coming which she looks to be 
on Thursday. " Take heed by your hasty coming that you do 
not wrap yourself into the whole burden of the matter." 

2 pp. Endorsed in a later hand : A considerable letter. (I. 521.) 

F[RANCIS EARL OF] BEDFORD to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1565[-6], Feb. 21. Berwick. I had hoped that the Com- 
mission would have succeeded so well that I might have had 
leave to come up against St. George's day. I pray you to 
move it for me that I may do both for my health, and for 
some affairs of my own. This poor garrison is now at Lady 
Day one year and a half behind : the men are in great necessity. 
" I think some there doth it to spite me ... We care not 
whether Valentin Browne or the devil himself come with " 
[the money]. 

It is to the Queen's service that Mr. Randolph should 
remain here. As my Lord Hume and I are out (although 
secretly he useth me well) and Cessford and I also, we shall 
otherwise have no intelligence. And I hear from the Lord 
Hume that there will be some stir in that Court shortly. 
At our meeting Mr. Randolph and I will write to you quickly 
of some way by which some of the disorders might be amended. 
But you see what good some stoutness used in the beginning 
might have done, the lack whereof hath bred much comber. 

[Postscript.] " It were not amiss that Mr. Robert Melvyn 
were sent back to Scotland since they used Mr. Randolph 
so, for some think Melvyn doth rather practise with Papists 
than attend upon other matters that he seemeth to follow." 

3 pp. Part of the above is to same effect as his letter to 
Cecil of same date. [See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 549.) 

Sir JAMYS CROFT to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
1565[-6], Feb. 28. The Minories. Requesting the Earl 
to confer with Mr. Secretary, and move the Queen for the 



80 

full release of his offence, declared by the Queen's own mouth 
and confirmed by trust afterwards committed to him, other 
matters since objected to him not having been proved. He 
had been banished for a year from Court, lost an office with 
1,OOOZ. by year, and otherwise hindered to the value of 5,OOOZ. 
He had borne office in Boulogne as a Councillor in the Prince's 
affairs there, had been Captain of Haddington, a Councillor 
with the Earl of Rutland on the borders, General 'of the foot 
at Calais under the Earl of Huntingdon, Vice-President on 
the Welsh Marches, deputy of Ireland, a Councillor with the 
Earls of Shrewsbury, Westmorland and Northumberland, 
the Duke of Norfolk and Lord Gray, captain of Berwick, 
some time also in a King's Privy Chamber, yet now has to 
beg for a living or sell his inheritance to maintain the 
countenance of a poor gentleman. 
1J pp. (I. 553.) 



FRANCIS CHAMBERLAYNE to . 

1565[-6], March 1. Castle Cornet [Guernsey]. Requests 
the removal of some of the Jurats who govern and induce the 
people here to all wickedness, which by the relations of the last 
Commissioners in the isle remain of record, as occasion should 
serve by the repair of any of the Jurats to the Court. The 
bearer, the Dean of the isle, will explain to what end all the 
doings here tend, which seem rather to maintain factious 
tumults than any reformation of their wonted evils. His 
brother George should be sent from the Lords of the Council 
as Lieutenant. 

1 p. (I. 557.) 

ROBERT HTJGGINS to his brother-in-law JOHN APLEYARDE. 

1565[-6], March 4. Madrid. Mr. Cleborne brought your 
letter. The King partly by my means has given him fourteen 
ducats a month. I am sorry that you did not follow my 
advice in sending your son here : he might have seen and 
learnt what might have come to great preferment. You 
doubtless keep him at home for some good purpose. Mr. 
Sheffield, kinsman to Lord Sheffield, has required me to help 
him to letters from Lord Leicester in his favour either to 
Don Antonio de Toledo or to Don Dego de Cordova that he 
may get from the King some entertainment in Italy meet 
for a gentleman, which letters I pray you to get him. His 
Lordship has already written for Mr. Cleborne to Don 
Antonio, Master of the Horse, whereby he had this enter- 
tainment. If he writes for Mr. Sheffield, I pray you cause 
his Secretary to write effectually. I suppose the King will 
not come to Flanders before the end of the year, but the 
Duke of Alva is ready to [come] with 20,000 men. 



81 

Here is great rejoicing that the mass is up again in 
England, and of the marriage between the Queen and the 
Emperor's brother. 

Mr. Man, the English Ambassador here, wants all things 
meet to supply his place. He has no good entertainment 
nor practice, can make no discourse in any place of con- 
versation, and keeps not the countenance that his predecessors 
have done in keeping his house. He keeps but seven or eight 
servants and those ragged and torn without liveries. Other 
English Ambassadors here have been in as great estimation 
as any other Ambassadors at this Court, and always kept 
20 or 24 men in a livery, and had at their table a dozen or 
fourteen gentlemen. Neither his own countrymen nor any 
of this Court will come at him : his entertainment wants all 
things that an Ambassador should have ; his furniture is as 
bare as may be ; setting his plate apart, I am better furnished 
than he is. Yet I understand that this foolish man has as 
great allowance of the Queen as any of his predecessors ; one 
quarter of it would suffice him ; he has not been " con vy ted " to 
any banquet at the Court. At his first coming he was taken 
to be a married, priest. The King and his Council know 
that he is no gentleman, and nor was in any estimation in 
England. The Master of the Horse and the Count of Feria 
tell me that the Queen should at least have sent some 
gentleman for Ambassador and not one that was an overseer 
of labourers at Dover. 

The Ambassador of Portugal and he are great friends, to 
whom he gives the over hand, and he shall take place before 
the English Ambassador by this man's sufferance, whereas 
all other English Ambassadors have contended with the 
Ambassador of Portugal for the higher place, for the King 
of England has always been above the King of Portugal. 
I do not suppose the Queen and Council know of this. You 
may be able to tell Lord Leicester that some other man 
should be sent. 

2J pp. Holograph. (I. 559.) 

GEORGE, EARL OF SHREWSBURY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566 [endorsement], April 3. Wyngfeld. It would have 
been greatly to my comfort to have seen you with me, and no 
subject so well welcome to me but Pembroke ; so would I, 
if your abode had been any time in the country, have seen 
you at Kelleng worth, and then you might have carried me 
wheresoever you had willed, although at this time my delight 
would have been to have tarried at home. I trust I shall 
be found as ready to serve when my Prince shall command 
me, as any other of my calling, yet I have written to Mr. 
Secretary " because your Lordship was come down" to move 
the Queen for my dispensation at our feast of St. George, 
which if the leave be not granted before you receive this 



82 

letter, that you will put to your helping hand for my stay 
at home, unless my coming up might pleasure you. 
1 p. Holograph. Seal. (I. 573.) 

CHRISTOPHER, MARQUIS OF BADEN to the EARL OF 
LEICESTER. 

1566, April 4. Rochester. I have been arrested by mean 
merchants to whom, if justice were done, I owe nothing, 
and have been put into the common prison here. I shall have 
my revenge hereafter. My lady will tell you more fully of it. 
I should like to have to met you, but circumstances recall 
me in haste to Germany. I require for this journey an 
English horse ; looking round I cannot find a suitable one 
for sale here. But knowing that you have plenty, I shall 
consider it an addition to your previous kindnesses, if you will 
give one to the bearer, my servant, to bring to me. If you 
care for a German horse, you shall have one. 

My lady will express my gratitude. Neither time nor 
paper allow me to express it. I commend her and my young 
son to you. 

1J pp. Latin. [Cf. Cal. S.P. Dom., April 3 and 4.] (I. 577.) 

ADVERTISEMENTS. 

1566, May 2. Augsburg. My lord [of Arundel] took his 
journey from Coleyn the 12th of April to Bonne by land, not 
being able to abide the smell of the ship which was made 
ready for him, and my lord's stuff with certain of his men 
whereof I was one, came to Bonne the next day by 8 of the 
clock, being drawn by a horse which was tied to our ship 
with a very long rope. The 13th and 14th day his L. being 
not very well remained at Bonne, which is a fair walled town 
of the Bishop of Coleyn, who hath a fair house in the town 
and divers here and there about the town. The great Church 
is of the foundation of Saint Helen of Brytayn, whose bones 
lie there. The country all about the town is all planted 
with vines. The 15th day my 1. took his journey by land 
to Andernack 24 miles, and we by water ; about four miles 
from Bonne we entered alongst the river between high rocks 
all, save where the bare stones appeared, set with vines, and 
within every two or three miles, where the river and the rocks 
gave any commodious place, a pretty walled town, and over the 
town upon the point of some rock a fair castle, besides divers 
other castles that be built upon these rocks in the middle 
of the vines very pleasant to behold. That night we came 
also to Andernack, a fair walled town of the foresaid Bishop's. 
The 16th day my 1. by land, within three miles of Andernack 
entered the territory of the Bishop of Triers, and carne to 
dinner to Confluenc, a fair walled town, situate in the point 
where the River Mosella (which is there as broad as Thames 
at London) entereth into the Rhene and over against the 



83 

mouth of Mosella is a fair castle of the Bishop of Triers, built 
of long time, but now in fortifying, upon the top of a rock on 
the other side Rhene. From thence my 1. having a very 
dangerous way alongst the rocky sides by narrow paths came 
to Pobert, 24 miles, to bed, whither also our ship brought us, 
through a very pleasant prospect, all covered with vines, 
where among did grow a wonderful number of peach trees 
and cherry trees. The 17th day from Pobert, a pretty 
walled town of the said Bishop's, my 1. for the great 
danger of the way took the ship and within six miles 
came to St. Gewer [St. Goar] a town and castle of the 
Landgraves of Hesse, which was the first town of pro- 
testants that we saw in Germany, and passing by, his 1. 
came also by Wesell, a fair free town, upon a Mil over 
which the Bishop of Triers has a strong castle. Not long 
after we came by Pfaltz a castle of the Palsgraves which 
standeth in the midst of the river, and upon the land against 
it is a pretty walled town of his called Coue[Caub] and so 
my 1. came to Bachrag, where the best Rhenish wine is, a 
pretty walled town of the Palsgraves. There my 1. dined. 
The inhabitants be Zwinglians as the 1. is. There my 1. 
took his horse and rode to Binge 29 miles, having on both 
sides the river towns and castles all of the Bishops of Mense, 
and a little before his 1. came to Bing there standeth in the 
middle of the river a tower which the Bishop of Mense made 
to keep him from mice which were sent for a plague to consume 
him. Bing is a handsome walled town. That night we saw 
not my 1., but lay in a village on the other side the water. 
The 18 day my 1. by land and we by water met at Mense or 
Moguntia, a great old city, where my 1. lay all the 19 day 
to see his 1. stuff sent, and to make ready his horses for his 
journey. The town is all Catholic and inhabited with priests 
and gentlemen for the most part. The 20 day my 1. with 
all his train did ride to Oppenhaym 16 miles, (an imperial 
town but long ago laid in pledge to the Palsgraff, who in 
May last put out all the Lutheran ministers, and placed his 
own Zwinglians in their places,) and saw their Church and 
service. The Church neither image nor altar in it ; in the body 
of the Church beneath the pulpit standeth the table, whereat 
the minister standing doth communicate with the people 
also standing, and that but five or six times in the year. They 
have neither even nor morning prayer, but upon the Sundays 
and solemn feasts they sing a psalm all together as I heard them; 
after, the minister goeth to the pulpit and readeth some piece 
of the Gospel and upon it maketh a sermon just of an hour 
long ; then he cometh down and they sing another psalm, 
and every man departeth. This is all the order through the 
PalsgrafiVs land. 21 we came to Worms, a very fair city, 
wherein there be two Churches granted to the Lutherans to have 
their sermons in, in the afternoon : yet the priests say masses 
there in the forenoon. There I entered by means to the 



84 

Jews' Synagogue (whereof there are a great number at Worms). 
There I saw the Church full of Hebrew books, and a continual 
lamp burning before a grate of iron wherein they say the 
representation of the tabernacle is. The 22 my 1. dined at 
Eggescheym, a little town of the Palsgraves, where my 1. 
entered the Church and talked with the superintendent for 
so he named himself, who openly called the Lutherans semi- 
papists and said that the bread and wine which he ministered 
were nuda signa rei signatae, quemadmodun adnulus est signun 
matrimonii : these were his very words. They have upon 
the bread they use to minister the arms of the Palsgrave instead 
of Jesus. That night his 1. came to Spyrs a fair city 30 miles 
where likewise the Lutherans have two places to hear their 
sermons. The 23 my 1. took boat and passed the Rhene to 
Rhenhausen a village 3 miles off, and because of the swiftness 
of the stream and the scarcity of boats it was very late before 
all my 1. horses might be brought thither. The river also 
was so suddenly risen that the like was not seen in memory 
of any man, which the common people did interpret to portend 
some great evil to Germany. The 24 day my 1. took his 
journey through Sue via which they call Swabenland by great 
woods and plains to Pretta [Brett/en] a pretty walled town 
of the Palsgraves, notable by the birth and bringing up of 
Philip Melancthon (20 miles). This Swaben is a very fair 
country, full of woods whereof some be of fir trees ever green, 
fair corn fields, pleasant valleys, divers fair vineyards, but 
extreme foul and deep ways. From Pretta my 1. took his 
journey the 25 day on horseback and I with certain other 
did ride in the coach to Fayngen [Vaihingen] a town with a 
fair castle of the Duke of Wyrtenburg, who is a Lutheran 
and hath evening and morning prayer through his dominion 
as we have in England save that Magnificat, Nunc Dimittis, 
Te Deum and Benedictus are sung in the Latin tongue. They 
have an altar and the Crucifix in every Church. This day 
there fell great snow and hail, and the 26 day to dinner we 
came to Constat [Cannstat] a pretty walled town of the said 
Duke upon the river of Neckar, and after dinner we rode 
alongst the river having on our left hands great hills all over 
planted with vines, and upon our right hands hill all covered 
[with] fair green woods, and between them a fair valley all 
good meadow ground, and so we came to Eslingen, a fair walled 
town imperial and Lutherans. The 27 day we entered again 
the Duke of Wyrtenburg's lands and followed the foresaid 
river about 10 miles where with the river we left the fair 
vineyards whereof we saw none as yet, and my 1. came to 
Goppingen a strong town of the said Duke, where he had 
lately built a fair house ; thence we came to Geislingen, a fair 
walled town, under the state of Ulms which be all Lutherans. 
The 28 day we came to Ulms, a fair free city, having it [sic] 
four cities and 100 towns. There we saw the Alps before us 
all covered with snow : there my 1. rested himself the 29 day, 



85 

and the 30th day took his journey to Meiningen, and sent 
Mr. Herbert Owen Gabriel and me to Augsburg where the 
Emperor and all the Princes of Germany be at this Diet. 
Thither we came the 1st of May at 6 of the clock in the 
morning, and as soon as we could get lodging and our boots 
off, we went to see the Emperor, who was by 7 of the clock 
gone to the Church, where we had the full sight of his Majesty, 
for the nobility were come down to the body of the Church 
to hear a sermon, and we thereby had opportunity to get 
to the chancel before the Emperor's throne, which was all 
covered with cloths of gold, having over his head a cloth of 
State of the same, and beneath that place were 12 seats all 
covered with cloths of gold ; and there sat but three men in 
them, the Bishops of Mense and Triers and the Duke of 
Bavier ; upon the other side sat the Archbishops of Saltzburg 
and Camcray [Cambray]. When the sermon was done, the 
gentlemen of the Emperor's chapel came in with children, 
and all were about 40, and the priest began mass at which 
there was as good music as ever I heard. The Emperor heard 
the service very devoutly, and after the Gospel did kiss the 
book and so he did the pax also. About the middle of mass 
came to the Church the Dukes of Pomeran and Mechelburg, 
which be young men and wait upon his person : after service 
there came to meet him at the door the Duke of Saxony with 
a guard of 60 halbards and harquebusiers and about 120 
gentlemen with great chains before him ; there came also 
the Palsgrave, the Duke of Cleeve, the Duke of Wyrtenburg, 
and a great number more every one with his guards, and 
they brought him to his lodging where his Majesty did take 
every of them by the hand, and so they departed all to dinner 
with the Duke of Bavaria, and after followed their wives in 
rich coaches every one drawn with six great horses, a very 
fair sight. At supper we got in (with no difficulty) and saw 
his Majesty sit at his meat, with less ceremonies than any baron 
in England save that they took assay ; there were none that 
kneeled at any time to him : the chamber was full of all sorts 
of people, and after supper he received supplications of the 
meanest persons, and heard them talk and tell their own tales. 
He is a prince wonderful gentle to all men, and therefore 
marvellously well beloved of all people. The Empress also 
we saw go to evensong through a gallery having but two 
gentlemen before her and about ten gentlewomen after her ; 
we learn that they have granted the Emperor 40,000 footmen 
and 8,000 horses for one whole year upon their own charges 
to defend himself against the Turk, who cometh himself 
and his son to Hungry this year, and sendeth two armies 
more one to Croatia and the other to Carinthia. Also they 
have granted to find his Majesty half as many horsemen and 
footmen for three years more if need require, and for the 
performance there are five cities bound, this city, Coleyn, 
Frankf ord, Nurnberg and Lipsia ; the King of Polonia doth offer 



86 

1,000 horses, the Duke and [sic] Mantua and Ferrara offer to 
go in person with him. So do these noble Germaynes offer 
if he go himself, besides the 40,000. They talk of religion 
but there is nothing done as yet. In haste from Augsburg 
the second of May. 

8 pp. Signature torn off. 

Endorsed: May, 1566. Advertisements from Augsburg. 
(I. 589.) 

ANTHONY VISCOUNT MONTAGUE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, May 8. Bruges. I see no likelihood of agreement 
here in this our wearisome service. By our letters and their 
books delivered to us and sent to you it may appear, whether 
their stoutness be meant or but a countenance from which 
they will yield if they see no way but breach. 

Her Majesty, understanding in what terms we stand with 
them will, I doubt not, shortly resolve. We have given no 
hope of further relenting. They have also written to the 
Regent and Council here and expect answer. Monsr. 
D'Essingecourtt [D'Assincourt] is so soft that he only occupies 
the place, leaving the whole to Dassonville, whereof as he was 
at the first very glad, so we have provided at all their hands to 
set him short with reason and to keep him fuUy occupied. 

I pray God all things may succeed, and that the Queen may 
know what we sustain in mind and body speciaUy to labour 
them both in a matter almost out of hope. 

The late bruits of motion here be now very quiet, and no 
more appearance of alteration or stir other than the casting 
abroad of nameless books which take not the effect intended. 

1 p. in clerk's hand including signature. Seal. (I. 597.) 

THOMAS LANCASTER [Bishop of Kildare] to the QUEEN. 

1566, May 24. Kilmainham. Shane O'Neill promised on 
May Day last to meet the Deputy at Dundalk and show 
obedience. He did not come, but camped 8 miles off at the 
Fedan, with 200 horse, 200 hackneys and boys, 300 gunners, 
120 Scotch longbowmen, 40 slash swords, 250 galloglas, and 550 
kerns, besides others camping in McMahon's country. Let 
500 horsemen be sent over at once, taken in Westmorland, 
Cumberland and Gysland, embarking at Workington to 
Knockfergus or Strangford, for I perceive that Sir Nicholas 
Bagnall shall lie at Carlingford or at the Newry, the chief 
keep of the North. For it is but 12 miles to be kept betwixt 
the head of Lough Neagh and the Newry, so is cut off from 
Shane, McGennis, McCartan, them of Kyloltough, Kylwaring, 
McNeall Oges, Hew McPhelomye's, Alexander Carron's, Clande- 
boye and the Route. Besides it shah 1 stay 40,000 that is ready 
to despair seeing him reign and rebel without fear of God and 
your Majesty. He has taken from O'Donell the Castle Lever, 
Castle Fyne, Donegal and divers from McGuire : from Lord 



87 

Kildare the castle of Dundrum, Down, Arglass, Ballingtoucher. 
the Inch, and the Abbey of Salle ; from Roland Whyte 
Kylloloungh, and as yet he keeps the Newry from Bagenal ; 
besides he has belded divers forts as at Sandell's Mote, Donna- 
neall and the Feden, and all the Route, the Glens, the Castle of 
the Readeeboye, Clandeboye, the Arde and other lands of your 
Majesty's Crown, only Knockfergus excepted. And though it 
will cost treasure for the time, yet in few years it shall be great 
advantage to you and your successors. I know the time 
serves for the same, for the very robbers of your crown are 
desirous to be ordered by, this Deputy there. Disorders have 
so smarted them by Shane and his that they crave for aid. 
I crave pardon that I am so bold to put your Grace in under- 
standing of this. Therefore lose not the opportunity, and in 
the meantime let letters be sent into the country declaring 
your grief for the realm so desolate and that you have 
determined to send comfort to them as shall remain among 
them for their safeguard against their enemies, commanding 
that no man adhere to O'Neil, but to your Deputy who hears 
your subjects' causes and redresses their griefs as man never 
did the like in so short time, for there is at his command all 
the Towelles [O'Tooles] the Bernnes, McShanes, Caverners 
[Kavanaghs] and all the other that rebelled when your Deputy 
had to be abroad ; these was always robbing the English Pale, 
but now they are all at his command. The charges may be 
levied of your revenues and duties which are concealed, usurped 
and detained from you in Ulster. These letters shall stay the 
inconvenience, and the meaning of them, followed with effect, 
shall be a growing revenue and increasing strength, and con- 
sequently a decay to Shane O'Neil and his followers. But this 
must be done by planting and ploughing and maintaining of 
Justice and not by hosting. If this not done and he is permitted 
as he is, then what lacks of the prophecy of Geraldus Cam- 
brensis, viz., an universal expulsion of the English govern- 
ment ? Remember what the omitting of time has lost your 
predecessors in Gascon, Gyan, Normandy and Ange de 
Maine. I need put you in mind of later losses. This poor 
realm may by your Grace be brought to good order, and it 
shall be specially a fame immortal that it was brought about by 
the hand of a woman. 

2 pp. Holograph. (I. 601.) 

LAURENCE HUMFREY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, June 2. Oxford. Being informed that it is the 
Queen's pleasure that this decree against the refusers of the 
prescribed apparel without reservement shall proceed, " I leave 
it even to the final determination of him that is Governor of 
all Churches in all causes ecclesiastical as well as temporal . . . 
Two things only I would wish : liberty of preaching without 
living generally, though not for the person's sake, yet for the 
church's cause and for God his sake, who hath called them 



88 

inwardly to that function, and with safe conscience may not 
for such a cause be put to silence, continually : secondly, 
license to answer this New Examination of a book lately set 
forth in the name of the Ministers of London ; which, albeit 
I never was made privy to, until it was published, yet I could 
wish . . . that the reply to it may with modesty be again by 
the touchstone of truth better examined. If this may not be 
permitted, I purpose to rest in my liberty as long as it shall 
be thought convenient and live in quietness without meddling 
or stirring in the matter, if by favour I may not. I trust the 
Queen's Majesty at her coming to Oxford shall have no cause 
in that respect to be offended with me or any in the University. 
Wherefore as I have once been tolerated by her goodness as 
others have been hitherto, so I wish your Lordship to bear 
with me still in your University, and obtain that old freedom may 
be renewed. I need not be otherwise punished than even 
by my own taxing of myself, which though it be enough for a 
little body already to bear, yet I mind for this extraordinary 
offence to lay on my shoulders in the vacation now at hand 
an extraordinary lecture that all men shall say I am for my 
disobedience well punished. I resign it over to your good 
Lordship to solicit as you with your assistance of my honour- 
able friends shall think best." 
1 p. (I. 605.) 

LAURENCE HUMFREY and JOHN PIERSE to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1566 (endorsement), June 4. Oxford. On the . decay of 
readings and disputations at Corpus Christi College, requesting 
the Earl to stir the Bishop of Winchester, founder and ordinary 
of the College, to remit enquiry to such grave and learned 
persons, as will reform the same. 

1 p. Signed. (I. 609.) 

WILLIAM AUBREY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, Quinto Idus Junii. Bruges. I hear that the Bishop of 
St. David's cannot be induced to give me rights, or accept any 
just conditions. I therefore pray you to help my friends as 
I am so far away, and the Bishop has so much power in his 
distant diocese. 

1 p. Latin. (I. 617.) 

LAURENCE HUMFREY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, June 12. Ricott. " ... As misery groweth, so mercy 
is to be sought. A time God may send that it shall be obtained ; 
if by your means, O most happy day, O worthy act, always 
and everywhere to be ... published, even to the posterity. 
I am of this opinion that if the Queen's Majesty would be 
persuaded to hear the cause favourably on our part debated 
by friends as she doth receive complaints by our adversaries, 



89 

earnestly urged, her [Majesty] doubtless would never proceed in 
it, to the triumph of the enemy, the abfuse] of the Ministry 
and to the stopping of preaching by so many, so good, so learned 
instruments . . . Touching the last book set forth in print I 
requested your honour to labour . . . that licence may be 
granted to answer the New Examination . . . Last of [all ?] 
if the matter be so taken that no remedy will serve, no favour 
may be purchased for no respect, I crave of your Lordship 
this friendship, that I may be advertised, . . . that it may be 
lawful for me yielding up ... my livings most obediently, 
yet to continue in my vocation with pains, though without 
profit of the Church's goods. So shall I exercise myself, so 
shall her Majesty find me an humble subject, and I trust [not] 
unprofitable member in the common weal. So shall I enjoy 
a clear and quiet conscience ; so shall God be glorified, and 
I shall with my poor estate redeem Christian liberty. ..." 
1 p. Holograph. (I. 613.) 

The DEAN and CANONS OF WINDSOR to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, June 19. Windsor. As our answer to your first 
request for our manors and parsonages in Somerset was not 
liked by you in all points, " for ourselves we can be well content 
in consideration of your goodness towards us to accept one 
hundred marks only in the name of a fine and also to enlarge 
the term to 99 years. Howbeit for the abatement of the 
yearly rent of 60/. we think us of duty so bound to our posterity 
that we may not otherwise defalk any part thereof except by 
your honour's good means they and we may be eased of that 
great Burden of our tenths which being now but grievous unto 
us may haply hereafter be scant tolerable by them. The 
obtaining whereof though my Lord of Northumberland and 
others my lords of the Order lately here with us have promised 
their help, yet shall we accept the same as your honour's 
only doing and be ready with any pleasure or service we 
can do to requite the same." 

1 p. Co'py. Seven signatures. (I. 625.) 

DR. THOMAS WHITE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, June 29. Oxford. I and my company [New College] 
have with one assent granted you the lease of the parsonage of 
Adderbury, Oxon. If the election either of Mr. Foster or 
Mr. Davers to the preferment be referred to the College, Mr. 
Davers will never obtain it, as he has been told. Whoever 
enjoys the lease shall have cause to thank you. 

1 p. (I. 627.) 

The FELLOWS OF NEW COLEGE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, June [endorsement]. We and every of us granted 
you the lease of Adderbury, and it is not true that if we had 



90 

free choice, we should have given the lease to Mr. Davers, for 
the names subscribed being a majority were in favour of 
Mr. Foster. 

1 p. With 30 signatures of Fellows. (I. 635.) 

THOMAS COLE [Archdeacon of Essex] to the- EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1566, June [endorsement]. I have sent particulars of my 
May-day Sermon at Chelmsford to Mr. Christmas as you 
willed. If you have perused it, I hope I shall be not blamed, 
but thought to be a good subject. I spake nothing in that 
sermon, or any other since to the prejudice of the order 
taken, but rebuked those who said that the Queen minded 
to erect Popery again because of this order of apparel; " my 
Sermon was to hinder nothing the order of apparel, but to hinder 
the disorderly talk and impudent conceit of the Papists, which 
by reason of this order rumoured that they should have their 
Mass again." I am accused because my adversaries think that 
I dare not come to my answer for want of conformable apparel. 
If you examine them, they neither remember the text nor 
any circumstance appertaining to the same. The days are 
perilous : there are many quarrels against them that preach 
the truth. I hear that you are this week to be with 
Mr. Stonarde in the forest, and would wait upon you. I beseech 
you that by the bearer I may hear somewhat of your pleasure 
in my case. 

2 pp. (I. 631.) 

Sir HENRY SIDNEY to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1566, Sept. 5. Drogheda. " Ah : my dearest lord that 
you could find in your heart to lose one of your fingers to 
have me at home ; God defend that you should lose any one 
joint for me, but I would that I had lost a hand that I were 
delivered of this cursed charge." 

I marvel that [Sir Warham] St. Leger should make any 
indecent answer to any of Ormond's officers. I willed him 
not to meddle in Ormond's liberties, as I was directed by the 
Queen. Desmond has not done a groat's worth of hurt in 
Ormond's lands yet. The hurts which have been done, have 
been done of the inhabitants, of the counties Tipperary and 
Kilkenny, both under Ormond's rule. His country is in better 
order than it hath been. His steward confesses he has never 
received so much rent as since my coming. 

For my incessant toil to others good and quiet I am 
slandered and am in disgrace with my sovereign. " Help me 
home speedily, or Almighty God dissolve my troubled spirit 
from my overtoiled body." 

I perceive you have delivered a letter to Ormond, which 
I sent you in one of mine sent me by Nycolas Whyte. If 
you salve it not, it will be to the poor man's undoing : he is 



91 

honest, wise, a good justicer, and true friend to Ormond : 
let him not be left in evil terms with Ormond, but be earnest 
with the Earl to think well of him. 

I have treated with my nephew Harrington ; he constantly 
affirms that he is free from any contract or bond, and I perceive 
no such affection in him towards the maid as without further 
advancement of living than his Father will ever be brought 
to depart with while he lives, that he might make any marriage. 
I have done what I may. Pardon his not present repairing 
over : he is desirous to see this winter pass here. 

" As you love me and the issue of your worthy sister [Henry 
Sidney married Lady Mary Dudley] help me out of this wretched 
land or I shall shortly die, for, before God, I feel myself half 
dead already of very grief and toil." 

I will write more largely of the Earl of Sussex on Mr. Horsey's 
departure. I submit myself and causes to your composition 
and order. 

I will deal with your man Pet, as I trust shall content him, 
but not so largely as he is worthy, and I would. 

From your letter of the 18th ult. received the 30th, I perceive 
that it is bruited there that all the inhabitants of the Pale, 
assembled with me for its defence, upon a cry of O 'Neil's men, 
fled. I was in the field, and expected to meet the rebel who 
had promised to meet me in the field. The whole truth is 
they never saw enemy, nor heard cry. Three did run into 
bushes, out of about 300. The battle stood fast, and all the 
horsemen. Move the Queen not to believe such bruits. 

For Ormond's countries I affirm they were never richer. 
I will not promise the continuance of it, for I doubt the 
insolence of Desmond, and see no disposition of service in 
Ormond's men : his brother is captain with 40 men in wages. 
In the North I cannot spare him any soldiers. " I can be 
but in one place at once. I would I were at Jerusalem to be 
out of this where I am." 

For Lord Sussex, it is too strange to see how I am dealt 
with. I paid Holdich, his man, all that the Queen owed him 
in May last, which Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, who was then here, 
and Sir William Fitz William know. Holdich this day confessed 
that he had sent of the money to his Lordship, and had answer 
of the receipt. " No servant of the Earl's ever desired my 
help against any that owed him money, saving against O'Beyly, 
and to him I wrote and with him I spake as earnestly as I could, 
but without war none [money] will be had, and how convenient 
it is for me presently to make war upon O'Reyly having actual 
war with O'Neil none can better judge than my Lord of Sussex 
himself, and yet I will make war on him for his money if it 
be not paid." 

If I have not money soon, all this sent is lost with all the 
time and travail. As you tender the Queen's honour, speak 
earnestly for it. 



92 

The 300 Berwick soldiers are arrived here. Of the Colonel 
[Randolph] and Western men I hear nothing. " Come they, or 
come they not, God willing, I will be in the field on the 14th of 
this month." 

By your letter sent by Grenyll I find how I and Sir Warham 
St. Leger are condemned for the disorders in Ormond's country, 
committed, as is there supposed by Desmond. I guess the 
latter rather disposed to mischief than to good. He would 
have done more hurt had it not been more for affection to me 
than duty to the Queen. He maintains Piers Grace. " I fear 
he will grow desperate, for that he cannot have his causes 
ended between the Earl of Ormond and him, in which matters 
I suppose each doth other wrong, but if Desmond will burst 
out, he is the easiest man to be subdued of any man of any 
greatness in Ireland, and thereby the Queen to be made mistress 
indeed of a great part of this realm . . . But in the meantime 
what can I do, being forced to attend the North, and he 
inhabiting the extreme part of the south ?" 

" I have no more but weary of writing, life and all I 
humbly recommend unto you my cause, self and service all 
leisureless." 

Postscript. " I yet hear nothing of the Colonel and Western 
soldiers. The Berwick men arrived here the first of this 
month. I send my letters to the Queen open for your Lordship 
to peruse. My hand so shake th I can scantly hold my pen. 
I hear nothing of that portion of grain which should arrive 
here whereof I have no small lack." 

" My lord, amass and send over money or all is lost that 
is spent or hoped for to be gained. My lord, you may see the 
mutability of men and how my opinion is altered for the 
Desmond and why, this our worthy friend can declare : my 
nephew now also will go but I cannot find to marry Windsor : 
pardon my shaking hand ; I fear I am entered into a palsy." 

7 pp. Holograph. [The pages wrongly bound up, Vol. I. 
639, et seq.] (I. 639.) 

DR. JOHN MAN to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, Nov. 4. Madrid. Six days ago the Count de Feria 
told me the King's determination to go in person toward 
Flanders. Certain captains of foot are already despatched, 
and 2,000 horse to be levied in Spain. The King is loath to 
go, but is driven thereto by the Pope, by whom he is ruled 
altogether. 

J p. Seal. Part of this letter is to the same effect as his 
letter to Cecil of 1566, Nov. 5. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 
(I. 647.) 

THOMAS GODWYN [Dean of Christchurch] and SEVEN OTHERS 
to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, Dec. 10. Christ Church, Oxford. The charge of the 
Queen's repair to the University and her abode with us is 



93 

more than our Church is able to bear. You affirmed that the 
whole University should be partakers of the burden. We 
therefore pray you will address letters to the Convocation that 
either by the University in common, or the Colleges pro- 
portionately, we answering our portion may be unburdened. 
1 p. (I. 651.) 

DR. JOHN MAN to Sir WILLIAM CECIL. 

1566, Dec. 19. Madrid. In my last letters I wrote of 
Sir Francis Inglefield's arrival here. He has complained to 
the King of wrongs done to him in England both by loss of 
his offices and by detention of his revenues for four years. 
I am informed that he complains also generally for all fugitives 
in Lovayn and elsewhere. He has been very well heard of the 
King, who has promised aid. I told him that the greatest 
treason that he had ever attempted was to exasperate the 
King against England at such a time for relief of fugitives and 
rebels. He is countenanced by the Count de Feria. Ingle- 
field desired my aid. I told him I misliked his dealings. You 
may perceive quod Judas non dormit. 

The King in his proposition the first day of the Cortes 
required a levy of a million crowns for his present charge, 
and told them the more speed they made, the better service 
they would do him, for he had a long and painful journey 
towards Flanders. Mr. Inglefield told me that the King said 
to him in Latin " Ego iam propono adire in Flandriam et 
spero quod componam omnia negotia ad consolationem ecclesiae 
Christi et in hoc ego expendam omnem meam substantiam et 
etiam vitam." 

The Duke of Alva leaves for Italy the 26th of this month as 
general against Flanders, and waits for the King in Italy, his 
second son Don Hernando de Toledo his lieutenant. 

The Spanish crown is proclaimed up higher by eight 
maravadise because they were so fast conveyed out of the 
realm. I am in extremity for money. Consider my case, or 
recall me. 

21 pp. (I. 655.) 

DR. JOHN MAN to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566, Dec. 19. Madrid. To the same effect as his letter 
to the Queen of same date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.\ 
i p. (I. 659.) 

The VINTNERS' COMPANY to QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

[1566?]* Petitioning for the repeal of the statute 
7 Edward VI, and for a fresh grant of encorporation, and that 

* A Bill repealing the Act of 7 Edward VI, was brought into the House of 
Commons on Nov. 5, 1566, and passed on Nov. 30. The Queen granted them 
their new charter (i.e. an inspeximus confirming their previous charters) in 
1567* 



94 

all free men of their mystery may have license to sell wines in 
retail and in gross, and control of all winesellers in London 
and within three miles. 



Questions ministered by Mr. Secretary Cecil. 

1. As to the effect to the Customs : 

Answer. That none that now trade in wine will be cut off. 
Wine cannot but yield the due custom because of its bulk. 

2. Whether any hindrance may follow to Princes in amity 
with the Queen : 

Answer. That this is not likely. 

3. Whether the merchants adventurers shall be prejudiced : 
Answer. That the first answer covers this point. 

4. Whether by this grant the navy shall be diminished, or 
if increased, by what means : 

Answer. The sale of wine will not be diminished and wine 
being bulky, and brought from more distant places, more 
ships, and more warlike, will be employed. 

5. How without Parliament may the Queen annul licenses 
already granted to such as be not Vintners, or whether the 
licences granted by the Queen may not be void by her death : 

Answer. No such repeal is sought. 

6. Whether the words of the Vintners' charter do not 
seclude others from selling wines : 

Answer. The charter gives no such privilege ; their suit 
is to be set at liberty from the statute of 7 Edw. VI, and that 
they may have control of others who sell. 

7. Whether their suit is to buy wines abroad, or only to 
retail them : 

Answer. They would be at liberty so to buy and to retail 
at home. 

8. Whether their suit extends to French or to other wines, 
or both : 

Answer. They have already this liberty. 

9. Whether the prices of wines shall diminish, and the 
realm have better wines : 

Answer. It will be so. 

10. What success or benefit may in reason be proved to 
ensue to the Commonwealth : 

Answer. This has already been dealt with. Further the 
casks are for the service of ships and others which use casks. 
Lightermen, cranage, wharfingers, porters, carters and coopers 
will gain. The grant " will be cause of avoiding whoredom, 
dicing, dancing and banqueting of apprentices, servants and 
such like ; with observation of days, prescribed to be fasted," 
and avoidance of excessive rents, and " that the order meant for 



95 

the use of decent apparel concerning the said company may 
be observed, and that usury and overhighing the prices " of 
commodities touching the trade shall be avoided. 
2J pp. (II. 756.) 

The VINTNERS' COMPANY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[1566 ?]. To the same effect as the petition to the Queen, 
with addition that in 7 Edward VI "by reason of all wine sellers 
were not under one government," -prices became excessive, and 
therefore an extreme act was made and took away the liberties 
of their Company ; and that Queen Mary for the ancientie 
of the Company, being member assistant of the City, for the 
sake of the Navy, and to save the wood of the realm by the 
number of casks brought in with wine, and for the relief of 
400 or 500 men, women and children of the Company, granted 
licence for 10 years now expired. 

This being expired, the statute stands in force against the 
Company, and a Proclamation has been made of late rating 
the price of wines cheaper titan they can be bought, and any 
person may now sell wines, " whereby petitioners are in manner 
utterly undone." 

1 p. (II. 761.) 

LADY MARY GRAYE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], Jan. 25. Chekers. " I cannot but crave most 
humble pardon at your Lordship's hands that I have not 
before this time rendered due thanks to the same for that 
I understand by my very good lady the Lady Clynton of 
your Lordship's goodwill in procuring the Queen's Majesty's 
most gracious favour towards me, the want whereof is more 
grievous unto me than present death for thereby most happily 
I should be delivered from manifold miseries and calamities 
which now living do suffer though most justly I must confess 
and shall do until I may be restored to the same again. Full 
truly spake the prudent Salamon saying the indignation of 
the prince is death which I most woful creature too truly have 
tried. Most humbly beseeching your Lordship as you have 
of your own good inclination begun my reconcilement to 
towards her Majesty even so to proceed to the accomplish- 
ment thereof, although my faults be grievous in her Highness 
sight, which I do most humbly acknowledge to be very great, 
yet calling to mind her princely clemency in pardoning the 
offences of other her highness subjects moveth me to conceive 
some good hope shortly to taste of the same, most humbly 
beseeching your honour earnestly to further this my lamentable 
suit unto her Majesty, that it may please her Highness of her 
princely mercifulness to pardon me this offence, trusting here- 
after by God's grace so to behave myself towards her Majesty 
according to my duty as I will never offend her Majesty more." 

1 p. Holograph. [The writer had secretly married Thomas 
Keys, the Queen's serjeant-porter.] (I. 585.) 



96 

[JOHN SCOBY, Bishop of Hereford, to his RURAL DEANS.] 
1566[-7], Jan. 30. Whitbourne. " Salutem in Christo. 
Our brother, the parson of Cradley,* intendeth to begin his 
residence in the church of Hereford on Tuesday next. 
These are therefore to pray you to speak to our brethren of 
the clergy of your Deanery to show their good will towards 
him, which I will as gratefully accept at their hands as done 
to myself. It hath been an ancient custom, as I understand, 
to excite the good wills of friends in such cases, without urging 
any man to do otherwise or further than he is disposed and 
willing." 

J p. Unsigned. (I. 663.) 



Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], Feb. 1. Paris. There is some likelihood of 
troubles to be renewed against the Protestants here, and the 
sooner if the King of Spain come into the Low Countries, 
" which these men seem nothing to doubt of, considering the 
lets that are presently offered by reason of the Turkish prepara- 
tion." They will, as they say, provide for the worst. The 
Queen Mother seeks by all means to bring them under foot, 
and to win over the Prince of Conde with fair promises. 

In Flanders " the Protestants have the worst end of the 
staff because they want the aid and succour of some of the 
noblemen of that country, who begin to pluck their heads 
out of the collar. The Duchess of Parma hath offered them 
to live at liberty, so as it be without ministers or preachings, 
but such hard conditions they will not as yet accept." 

1 p. (I. 665.) 



MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS, to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], Feb. 8. Edinburgh. " We have at all times but 
specially by the declaration of the bearer, our servant Robert 
Malvile at his late return understood your good mind always 
shewn to the increase and entertainment of the amity and 
mutual intelligence betwixt us and our good sister the Queen 
your Sovereign whereof we give you hearty thanks and 
effectuously pray you to continue : for as therein ye show 
yourself a favourant of quietness and one zealous of the 
advancement and good estate of your sovereign, and of that 
your native country, evinsa [even so | to us ye do na small 
pleasure, that of all other things most earnestly wishes to see 
the perseverence of the same good amity. We think not 
meet to be anything more prolixt in writing but if it stand in 

* Thomas Grenewiche or Greenvill, rector of Cradley, was appointed in 
Jan., 1566 7, to the prebend of Warham and Ayleston in Hereford Cathedral. 
This letter was evidently enclosed in the Bishop's of Feb. 28. See p. 98 below. 



97 

us to show pleasure to yourself or to any at your commendation 
ye may be fully assured of the same." 

(In the Queen's hand :) Your gud Cusign, 

Marie R. 

| p. Seal. (I. 685.) 

Dr. JOHN MAN to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], Feb. 18. Madrid. The Pope has excommunicated 
the King's Lieutenant and Council at Milan, and the Viceroy 
at Naples, which is not very well taken here, but " he hath 
them so tied by the nose that they dare not mislike with his 
doings." 

The Count of Feria has declared exceeding contempt and 
threatenings of the Earl of Arundel, which I could not bear 
withal. "In my opinion it toucheth the whole estate of our 
nobility to have one such as my Lord of Arundel so con- 
temptuously used. Notwithstanding I had rather be an 
instrument in their good reconciliation than to set them 
further out. It riseth all of the Contessa . . . manet alta 
mente repostum Judicium Paridis spretaeque injuria formae." 

| p. (I. 689.) [Of. Col. 8.P. Foreign, Eliz., 1567, 
pp. 166, 220.] 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], Feb. 18. Paris. By your letter I am not only 
satisfied of your godly disposition touching religion, but can 
shew [it] if any such things should happen as an alteration of 
religion. I have shewn part to Mr. Stewarde for the satisfaction 
of himself and the Admiral. The report was brought by one 
Dobeney [Daubigny] brother to Lord Lenneys [Lennox] who 
said it came from the French Ambassador Monsr. de la Forrest, 
whom I think to be too wise to write of such an untruth. 
The idle Friars went about preaching that England was 
restored to the Catholic Church. 

Certain ships are reported to have past into Bordeaux 
and La Rochelle, and are likely to visit Ireland or some of your 
coasts. 

There was lately a debate before the King between 
de Montpensier and the Chancellor, the former threatening to 
pluck the latter by the beard. 

In Flanders the Regent and the Prince are said to have 
taken order that all men shall have liberty of conscience, the 
order being taken at Orange's house, in his presence and that 
of Egmont, Horn, Bredrode and Austrode [Hoogstraten]. 

There is an Englishman here called King, who has spoken 
very ill of Sir Nicolas Throgmorton and wished he had killed 
him ; since my coming, he threatened Barnaby, my servant, 
who offered to fight him, but he ran away, and made an outcry 
that, though he was servant to the French King, my servants 
were trying to kill him. He further said that ere long he 
would come to the firing of Dover. I think he should be 
banished. 



98 

Please obtain for me a bill for 1,000 crowns (through request 
to Sir Thos. Gresham) out of Flanders. 
1J pp. Holograph. (I. 693.) 

[JOHN SCORY,] BISHOP OF HEREFORD, to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], Feb. 28 (endorsement). I lately received your 
letters directed at my suit to the Dean and Chapter of Hereford, 
in favour of Mr. Williams and Mr. Grenewich, two new residen- 
ciaries, and have obtained my request, for which I humbly 
thank you. 

Now am I suitor for myself. I send you a copy of a letter 
[see p. 96 above] which I directed to five or six deans rural 
of my diocese ; which I thought I might lawfully have done, it 
being according to precedents in the registers of my pre- 
decessors. I am now informed that this is against a law 
which King Henry VIII made for Wales and the Marches ; that 
no person should make or procure any such "commotha [aid] 
(for so the Welshmen call it)." My offence, if any, was due 
to ignorance of the law, and overmuch affection to help the 
new residentiary being an honest man and not rich. The 
sum and value that was given him by virtue of my letter 
was not IOL, nor as I presently think 6?., the most part of 
which he had of me, " yet now I wish that he had had double 
or treble as much more of me as he had given him by my 
letters, so that I had not written them." The Papists, who 
have watched to have me in a trap, and know, as well as I do, 
what I say and do in my own house, now think that they 
have won the field, and intend to undo me at the next assizes. 
I desire you to be a mediator for me to the Queen to dispense 
with, or to pardon my rash doings. 

1 p. Signature torn off. Endorsed, The Bishop of Hereford. 
(I. 697.) 

T[HOMAS] BARNABY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], March 1. Paris. Your letters tell us of the 
strange and sudden disaster which of late hath happened in 
Scotland [the murder of Darnley]. Pray God the tragedy 
may have no more acts but one. 

There is new stir between the Protestants and the Papists 
at Antwerp. Those of the religion have " spoiled and burnt 
the Cordeliers," and some went with their Minister to preach 
between Malines and Brussels ; the Duchess sent the Provost 
of Villevorde thither, who took some of them and hung their 
Minister. 

Great preparations are made for the siege of Valenciennes : 
those within are in distress for lack of necessaries,- and for 
want of horsemen. On Feb. 20 they made a sally, but were 
driven in with loss. 

From Hungary it is reported that the Turk's preparations 
by land and sea go on, and that Lazarus Suenden won 
from the governor of the Vaivode's country a strong 



99 

castle called Satwar, losing many Christians. The Empress 
this month had a daughter, after some peril from a fire 
in the palace at midnight ; the child was born next day : 
both she and the Emperor desired a daughter. 

The diet began at Ratisbon on Feb. 9. The Emperor has 
sent the Duke of Bavaria, remaining himself in Moravia, 
demanding the contributions granted by the Princes of the 
Empire. It is thought that he is secretly assured of peace 
with the Turk, but uses this council to get money for a worse 
end. 

The King of Spam's galleys are arrived in Spain, and his 
Ambassador here sets forth that he will leave for Flanders, with 
the Queen, by the end of this month. Alva has arrived at 
Genoa and is waiting for the King. 

A pensioner of this King's named Clery was sent hence on 
Feb. 21 to fetch the 6,000 Swiss which are retained for this 
King's service : he is to receive money for the purpose at 
Lyons. They are to be employed to reinforce the garrisons 
in Picardy and elsewhere. 

There has been a quarrel between Damville and the Count 
de Rais, who was reported to have been killed ; this may 
still happen, for he is much hated for the credit he has with 
the King. 

The Queen-Mother's government is becoming misliked even 
by the Papists. " She to assure herself will, I doubt not, 
rather turn Totnam French and become a Protestant 
another while than sit besides the saddle." 

2 pp. (I. 701.) 



Sir HENRY NORREYS to Sir WILLIAM CECIL. 

1566[-7], March 1. Paris. The Queen wishes me to see 
Monsr. Foix myself, and to demand his answer, which I will 
do on his return from Gascony after Easter. 

I shall be glad to hear from you about the prisoners in the 
galleys at Marseilles, 22 in number. 

As for a tailor for the Queen, my wife and I will do what we 
may. 

" Touching the lamentable news of Scotland, the Scottishmen 
themselves doth speak very broad, and mistrust some practises 
which if so it be will be revenged of God's hand." 

1 p. The last two paragraphs holograph and partly in cipher. 
(I. 705.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], March 1. Paris. I was this day with the Prince 
of Conde, who was glad to understand that the rumour of 
Mass being allowed in England was false.* 

* Cf. letter from Dr. Man to Cecil, dated March 3, from Madrid. 
[Cat. S.P. Foreign, Eliz,} 



100 

There has been stir at Antwerp between Protestants and 
Papists. The Prince of Orange has tried to bring them to 
some conformity, but can little avail. Ludovic de Nassau and 
Brederode entered the town with horsemen, and have declared 
themselves rather for the Protestants than otherwise. [The 
rest of the news is identical with that in Thos. Barnaby's 
letter above p. 98.] 

2 pp. (I. 709.) 

DE. JOHN MAN to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], March 3. Madrid. The King's departure to 
Flanders is delayed by the loss of 29 ships laden with victuals, 
arms and munition on the coast of Malaca [? Malaga], but new 
furniture is now almost ready. The Queen is four months 
gone with child. 

1J pp. Part of this letter is contained in his letter to Cecil 
of this date. [See Cat. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (I. 713.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], March 8. Paris. Since I last wrote the Princes 
of Conde and Pourgain, the Admiral with D'Andelot, the Counts 
of Rochef orca [Rochefoucauld] and Grandemoun with others of 
the religion met at Conde's house near Orleans and conferred 
on the state of religion and government. Conde wrote to the 
Queen-Mother that he might be admitted to the secrecy of the 
Realm and have liberty of conscience. 

The Count de Raye and Monsr. Danville are fallen at debate : 
the Count, being but a new man, leans to Conde, and is a 
means to the Queen-Mother to bring them to Court. But the 
Cardinal of Lorraine is expected there within eight days and 
they intend to see him departed before they come thither. 
Thus the old quarrel is likely to rekindle. 

It is also bruited that the Queen of Navarre is now in 
Vendome with many of the religion. 

La Croce [Du Croc] arrived at Fontainebleau on Sunday last 
from Lorraine whither he went to report to the Cardinal of the 
death of Darnley, and is expected to go to Scotland. It was 
first reported that Rambouillet should have gone, but he stays 
because the [torn] are not yet met, at whose meeting he intends 
to treat to have the Prince [James] delivered to France. 

11 pp. (I. 717.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF [LEICESTER ?]. 

[1567,] March 10. Paris. Alva is at Barcelona ready to 
embark for Genoa, and at Cartagena 6,000 Spaniards also for 
Genoa. The Spanish army is to assemble at Milan. Many 
practices are used by the Protestants here to let them, 
but there is an eye had of them everywhere. The King of 
Spain is said to have lost 24 galleys which were going from 
Cartagena to take Tunis. Orange has declared himself for 



101 

those of the religion *in Flanders, but the Regent is trying 
to extirpate them if she may. Meghem is in camp besieging 
Thertoghen bosce [Bois-le-duc]. The town is divided in religion, 
but the Protestants being the stronger have made the Papists 
swear to defend it. The Regent is at Brussels. 

Trouble is beginning in Germany. Crombrack [Culemburg] 
who about 3 years ago was ordered by the Emperor to restore a 
town taken from the Bishop of Wersenterghe [Wurzburg] 
is, with those of his part, declared rebel. With him is John 
Frederick, the eldest son of the late Duke of Saxony. They 
are now besieged in Gotha by the Elector of Saxony. 

1J pp. (II. 623.) 

JO[HN JEWELL], Bishop of Salisbury, to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1566[-7], March 16. Salisbury. Commending for the 

vicarage of Helmarten, George Coryat, B.A., of New College, 
Oxford. 

* p. (I- 721.) 

[The EARL OF LEICESTER] to [the UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD], 

1566[-7], March 17. At the Court. Recommending for the 
Vice-chancellorship Dr. Humfrey, Dr. Tremayne, Dr. West- 
phaylinge or Dr. Calfyld. 

1J pp. Draft with corrections. Unsigned. (I. 569.) 

WILLIAM KIRKALDY of Grange to the EARL OF BEDFORD. 

1567, April 20. Edinburgh. Copy. For the original see Col. 
S.P. Scotland, under this date. 
2 pp. (II. 509.) 

Sir NICHOLAS THROKMORTON to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1567 [endorsement], April 30. At the Court. Since youri! 
departure it is bruited that the Queen of Scots was married 
at Seton to Both well before her journey to Stirling, whence ! 
she brought the Prince and put him in Edinburgh Castle, as 
she passed to Dunbar where she now is with her lover. The 
Lord of Grange doth not write that she is married, but to marry 
shortly, all Bothwell's faction having subscribed thereto. 
A servant of Lord Lennox brings the consummation of the 
marriage ; his master sues to return to England, fearing his 
own destruction, and that of the young Prince, the parricide 
having the guard of the son. Bothwell met the Queen with 
3,000 horse, and conveyed her to Dunbar. Upon the com- 
mitting of Cesford to the Castle of Edinburgh, Lord Home 
and all the border Earls refuse to come to the Court. Maxwell 
pleases Bothwell, and Lord Scrope should beware of him. 
Maxwell's ambition carries him away to this lewd fortune, for 
he shall be, or is, lieutenant-general. All the disfamed 
persons in this murder are now advanced and have charges 
committed them. 



102 

Lord Sussex mislikes his instruction^ and travails to have 
them enlarged. 

At the dispatch hereof Justice Brown was not arrived. 
" I did not mean to procure your Lordship writing so hastily 
for Assherydge as I did remember you byMr. Dier for the sending 
your sepulchre as your lordship told me by the way. But since 
your messengers have no better fortune in safe-carrying your 
tokens I would advise you be not so hasty to send things of 
price. And yet I know the messenger is more grieved with 
the loss than you be, and hath left no devices undone to 
recover your diamond." 

2 pp. Holograph. (I. 725.) See letter of May 10 (below). 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1567 (endorsement), May 2. Paris. At our audience at 
St. Maure des Fosses on April 29 we little prevailed. But, 
whereas before Sir T. Smith's coming it was bruited that a 
nobleman was coming to demand Calais, the French were 
minded to deal reasonably with the Queen touching Calais : 
now they are not so. 

If the Emperor make truce with the Turk, it is thought he 
will claim Metz, Thou [Toul] and Verdun. The Queen-Mother 
uses all means to let it, as in seeking to make a cross alliance 
between him and France, the Emperor to marry his eldest 
son to Madame Marguerite, and the King of France to marry 
the Emperor's second daughter, the eldest being promised to 
the Prince of Spain. But if her Majesty urged the Emperor to 
make his claim, while renewing hers, I think the French would 
offer her right or reason. The Constable was so unwilling to 
be present at this demand-making that the King and his 
Mother not only went to his house at Chantilly, but also 
gave him 30,000 francs to mitigate his anger at his son Mont- 
morency not succeeding him as Constable. 

Conde and the Admiral were not present at the demand 
for Calais, but will be here in two days, to persuade, it is said, 
the King not to allow Geneve [Genoa] to be taken by the King 
of Spain. The Pope offers a year's pay to the Duke of Savoy's 
army if it is taken. If her Majesty has to do with the French, 
I am assured by those whom I will not name for want of a 
cipher, that the King of Spain will be her friend. 

Monsr. de Morret has promised me three setters for you. 

1 thank you for having forborne the service of him whom I 
know you might ill spare, your servant Mr. Barnaby. 

2 pp. The last paragraph in Norreys' own hand. (I. 729.) 

Sir NICHOLAS THROKMORTON to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1567, May 10 (endorsement). [Westminster.] You shall 
understand what the Queen wishes you to hear from her 
through your brother who was in charge in my absence. 
Lady Stafford sees no cause in matters within her reach why 



103 

you should hasten hither. The storms which were up here 
lately are now so appeased that it seems there was no rough sea. 

Retain your adamant [diamond] sepulchre until you have the 
condition better annexed and more surely verified than I see 
as yet occasion to hope. 

By Mr. Blunt's writing, you shall understand what hath 
been proceeding touching Appleyard. Huggon is sent for, 
after whose examination I think the matter shall suspend 
until you return. Lord Arundel remains here about that 
business. Lord Pembroke has shewed himself in this and in 
the handling of it your assured friend. Your well-willers 
would have you go through now with this matter.* 

The Queen appeared somewhat perplexed about the Irish 
success, and as yet gives but cold provision for the remedy. 

Sir T. Smith is on his way home. Tylleney [Teligny] is 
returned from the Turk : his companion in the voyage 
Vyleconie [Villeconiers] is dead. Alva is landed at Genoa. 
The Emperor demands new aid against the Turk. John 
Frederic Duke of Saxe is prisoner with Augustus ; Crombake 
[Culemburg] and two others with the Emperor. 

Brederode is fled from Amsterdam, the poor Protestants go 
to wrack in Flanders. Orange is in Germany. 

The Lords of Scotland still mean to impeach the marriage, 
and so save the Prince from the Queen and Bothwell's hands. 
They desire her Majesty's assistance whereto she will give 
no ear. Thus she shall forego her friends, and they be con- 
strained to be at the French devotion. 

This night a fair lady lodges in your bed. 

2 pp. Holograph. (I. 733.) 

Sir WILLIAM CECIL to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[1567, May 15.] Letters came yesterday from my Lord of 
Bedford to the Queen containing the copy of letters to him 
from the Lord Grange. These letters were to understand the 
Queen's devotion to the comfort of them in Scotland that would 
pursue the murderers of their King. The Queen gives them 
no answer of -moment. 

He writes that the Queen there enacted by Parliament that 
all laws " made for religion dangerous to the lives, lands or goods 
of them of religion shall be abolished, and that the law of 
oblivion made before " her coming from France shall be 
established. " Many more things were required to have been 
enacted for religion, but no more would be granted. By his 
letters appeareth great likelihood of the marriage, and a servant '/ 
of the Earl Lennox, newly come from Scotland, saith that the 
marriage was secretly made before Both well was arraigned, 
but I think he speaketh upon the spleen." " Wishing myself to 
be with your lordship at Burton, to be your messenger 
to Stamford, where I am informed this May to grow a 
sovereign medicine for my gout." 

Holograph. 1 p. (I. 737.) 

* Seep. Ill below. 



104 

F[RANCIS EARL or] BEDFORD to 

1567, June 15. Garendon. I have received letters from my 
Lord of Grange in cipher. The Lords have not yet assembled 
to answer my last articles, but most of them could be content 
that their Prince might remain in their custody under our 
Sovereign's protection. Monsieur du Croke hath offered them 
liberal pensions for the King his master to have the prosecuting 
the murder and the defence of their young Prince, being now 
in greater danger by the Queen being with child. Being 
further urged by my private letters to say whether they could 
be content that the prisoner might be brought into this realm for 
his better safety, Grange thinketh some of them would give their 
consent. The Earl of Mar and some of the best sticketh most 
in it, who will not be persuaded till all have met, and " until they 
have more certainty how far our Sovereign will aid them in 
this action. Wherein they seek three things, first the safety 
of their Prince, next to divide the Queen's actions from Both- 
well's, for which purpose Liddington is gone from the Court 
so as they will deal only with Bothwell and in no respect 
against their Queen". . . , and thirdly to prosecute the murder of 
their King, which is now openly known and to be proved to 
be done by Bothwell's own hands amongst others of his 
adherents. 

" The Lords were once determined that the Lord of Mar's 
brother should have come to our Sovereign of the message, 
which perhaps he or some other shall hereafter do when they 
have met, . . . and yet he standeth in some doubt hereof. If our 
Sovereign will assure them of secret aid, they will feed the 
French ambassador only with fair words and yet make him no 
promises. ... I understand by my messenger," as " you will by 
Mr. Melvyn, that the Queen and the Duke agree very ill. 
The Queen makes great offers into France for the delivery of the 
Prince." 

1 beseech you continue to seek my release from Berwick, for 
I am well assured a great number in all respects are fitter for 
that service than I. Nevertheless if the Queen will please to 
appoint me thereunto, though I hasard myself with travail this 
hot weather, I shall be most ready to do my duty so as I may 
know her Highness' pleasure how far I shall deal in such matters. 

2 pp. (I. 741.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
1567, June 30. Paris. By your letter received of 
Mr. Barnaby on the 26th I find I have sustained great injury. 
In all matters of importance I used his advice only, and made 
him privy to all letters to and from the Queen. Only once I 
requested him to write to the Queen, when he said he had 
business of his own, and asked that some one else might write. 
I said that I would commit her Majesty's affairs to none but 
myself or him, and wrote myself. I am most bound to you 
for forbearing the service of him whom you can ill spare. 



105 

As to the French ambassador's report of him, "his service 
is like to be very slender, who in this charge shall be accom- 
panied with such as shall be to their liking." From his coming 
into France on May 25 till the 26th June he went daily quietly 
in the town, no man charging him with debt. On which day 
there came to his lodging armed 'men, and while I was com- 
pounding for his debts, they took him to prison. I discharged 
the debt, but advertised the King : the copy of my letter 
and his answer I send herewith. I am sorry these dealings 
are so quietly put up as whatever they do no revenge may 
be sought. 

On June 24 a quarrel arose between one Mockett and a 
Frenchman. They fell to blows and Mockett was so over- 
matched as young Mr. Clinton tried to rescue him. The 
French increased in number, and the two saved their lives by 
taking a house, which happily was the King's Advocate's. 
The French have since watched his lodging, so that I brought 
Clinton to my lodging, nor do I suffer him to go abroad. His 
father, the Admiral, should send for him home. 

The Protestants are preparing to resist King Philip with 
great force. 

I have not changed your bill for 1,000 crowns, as the 
exchange is so bad, being 6d. in every crown monthly. Help 
me to one of more easy exchange. 

I send copies of my letter to the King, his reply and his 
letter to the Provost of Paris. 

2J pp. (I. 749.) 

Enclosed with the above, 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the KING. 

1567, June 26. Paris. To-day a large number of 
sergeants and officers came to my lodgings to arrest for 
debt a gentleman sent by the Queen with letters who 
lodged near me. The sum was only 40 crowns, for which 
I and my host Monsr. de Verberie offered security. 
They would not allow me to speak to the gentleman, 
forced his door, and took him through the town like a 
thief, knocking his head against the wall. I had 
difficulty in restraining my people from attempting to 
rescue him. I pray you to give such order that I may 
not think myself the worse treated of all Ambassadors 
here. 

1 p. French. Copy. (I. 743.) 

The KING to Sir HENRY NORREYS. 

1567, June 27. St. German. I have ordered the 
Provost of Paris to make satisfaction to you, and to 
release the gentleman. 

p. French. Copy. (I. 745.) 



106 

The KING to the PROVOST OF PARIS. 

1567, June 27. St. Germain-en-Laye. Ordering the 
release of the gentleman. 

1 p. French. Copy. (I. 747.) 

T[HOMAS] BARNABY to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1567, June 30. Poissy. Her Majesty should know 
that the King of France, having heard from his ambassador 
in Scotland of the taking of the Queen and of the flight of 
her husband, vaunts that he will set her at liberty, and get 
the young Prince into his hands " either by hoke or croke." 
To this end he privately procured the Bishop of Glasgow 
to send for the Earl of Murray to Orleans, whom he persuaded 
to return with all speed to Scotland, offering him the order 
of St. Michael, the captaincy of the Scottish company, to 
be again erected, and other gratifications, to be at his devotion. 
What else passed between them I am not able to say. The 
Earl will himself ere long advertise her Majesty of his deter- 
mination to go to Scotland as soon as this King or he shall 
hear again from there. I wish her Majesty would satisfy 
him better when he returns than she did coming here. Yet 
I trust that he will still be as ready to please her Majesty 
as ever. " Have an eye that no French ships steal thither 
to convey the Prince away, for not long since such a matter was 
a brewing. . . . Some of their merchant ships under colour 
of a voyage shall do the deed." 

Here Protestants and Papists are preparing for war, and 
there is bruit that the King of Spam, assisted by the Emperor, 
Pope, and other princes of Italy shall invade France to suppress 
religion and make what profit they can. Hereupon are 
assembled forces under Dandelot, who is restored to his office 
as Colonel of all the foot, and this day strikes up the drum in 
Paris and elsewhere. His commission is to raise 20 ensigns 
of foot and to reinforce the frontiers towards Burgundy, 
Lorraine and other places where the Spanish army shall pass, 
which already marches. The Protestants do well to stand 
upon their guard and to make the King a party to prevent 
this coming stratagem, which is meant only to be executed 
against them, although it has some other colour. The Constable 
now rules much in this Court : Conde will come to the Court 
this day, whither all princes of the blood, nobles, councillors 
and bishops are sent for ; you shall shortly hear of as great an 
assembly at St. Germain's as seven years ago about religion. 

Alva is reported to have reinforced his Spaniards with 3,000 
Italian arquebusiers, and towards Luxemburg is a great 
assembly of Almayn foot and horse. 

Some say the Pope gave the King of Spain Venice and 
Avignon only to set him and the French King by the ears. 
Avignon is environed by French territory and mortgaged to 
the Apostolic See only for 120,000 florins, since which time 
the French upon devotion have suffered them to enjoy it. 



107 

One Hugonis, a friar, is lately sent by this King to Spain : 
some remembering that the King of Spain's confessor is also 
a Cordelier of much credit with him, think it a running way 
to work their purpose better. As for young L'Aubespine 
neither he nor his message was greatly respected there. 

The Emperor labours for a truce with the Turk. His 
ambassador is returned with a cold answer. The Turk will 
restore nothing and requires the tribute granted him by 
the late Emperor : further that the Vaivoda should recover 
his losses in Transylvania and have recompense for damage. 
Some think that the Emperor will have truce that he may 
accomplish his designs in Alemayn, and to bring it to pass 
that the Empire shall be perpetually annexed to his House 
and to make all Germany subject to him. 

The Duke of Savoy and the Swiss have agreed, they giving 
him three balliages to stop his mouth conditionally that he 
allow them to exercise their own religion, which contract the 
Kings of Spain and France have signed. " I would to God 
the Queen's Majesty would also put in a foot some way into 
these matters for surely she hath many ways open to make 
her profit. The French both Papists and Protestants suspect 
her to be Imperial and Spanish. Now would a hot minister 
do good service, but alas we are too full of moderation." 

Postscript. We have news here of the Queen of Scotland's 
death. 

4 pp. Signed. (I. 753.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the QUEEN. 

1567, July 16. Paris. Conde, lately sent for by the King to 
assist in Council has gone back to Valerey in great anger. He 
had renewed his suit to the Queen-Mother for the Constable- 
ship when vacant. She answered that she would consider with 
the King. But Monsieur standing by, and instructed beforehand 
told the Queen that as the King, his brother, had named him 
Lieutenant-General, he hoped no one would be admitted to 
an office which would be superfluous and derogate his authority. 
Conde replied hotly, and this, conjoined with matters 
touching the King of Spain's enterprises, occasioned Conde's 
departure next day. This piece of cunning to make the 
King's brother a party has been devised between the Queen- 
Mother and the Old Constable, who, being denied the reversion 
of the office for the Marshal Montmorency his son, works 
that only the King's brother shall be preferred before those 
of his own house. 

On Conde's departure the Admiral and Dandelot arrived, 
and were well received by the Queen-Mother. It is said that 
they shall be restored to their former offices. 

The King moved from St. Germain's to St. Maure des Fosses 
on the 12th, and gtfter two days to the Constable's house. 
On the 17th he goes to Chantilly for the marriage of the 
Constable's youngest daughter and Monsr. de Candale's son 



108 

and heir. About the 23rd the King will be at Compiegne 
where I am to have satisfaction of the depredations of which 
you and the Council commanded me to complain. The delay 
is because they say they are now at a place of rest, and because 
the Admiral will be* present there and take order for the matter. 

Yesterday the Earl of Murray and the Scotch Ambassador 
were sent for, and dined with the Constable. They were to 
take leave of the King and Queen. But the King returned 
so late from hunting, that this is put off till to-day. The 
Earl has been kept that he may be won with gifts to be at 
their devotion. He has refused all and answered with such 
good words that they mean to detain him no longer. You 
will see him shortly. The King is annoyed that Du Croc 
returned without leave, and would fain send him thither 
again. But he and many of reputation work the contrary. 
I think he will not refuse that charge, having special credit 
with Murray and the lords that are against the Queen. I 
hear that Lignerolles and Captain Colburne accompany 
Murray to Scotland to spy his behaviour with your Majesty. 

The King of Spain's army, being not more than 6,000 or 
7,000 Spaniards and 1,200 horse, is passing through Burgundy 
towards Luxemburg, and will rest there till the Germ an forces join. 

The bruited war between this King and the Spanish King 
is now altogether calmed. The latter has assured his brother 
and mother-in-law that if they mistrust his arming, he will 
send his eldest son as a hostage. He meant only to chastise 
his own subjects, and prayed the French to be no let to him. 
The Queen-Mother is so satisfied by this answer that she is 
more Spanish than French. The Protestants have therefore 
cause to look about them. As far as I can learn, their most 
danger is from surprises. They on the other side work their 
own safety by all the means they can. I shall not comfort 
them more than generally without express charge from you. 
But as you have heretofore stood them in stead, do not 
abandon them now, for it is God's cause they have in hand. 

The truce between the Emperor and the Turk is like to 
take effect, and the Bishop of Agria, sent by the Emperor, 
was well received by the Turk, from whom the Emperor 
demands restitution of Sigetta, and will restore what Lazarus 
Swenden took from the Vaivoda. The Turk wants either 
side to keep what they have taken and double the tribute 
granted by Ferdinand. The Emperor, it is said, goes on 
with his practises in Germany, and has been about to traffic 
an accord between Duke Augustus and John Frederic. The 
Protestants princes' of Germany are discontented with the 
slender entertainment given by the Regent of Flanders to 
their Ambassadors, and of her proud answer sent to them 
in writing. The Duke of Wittemberg is reported to advise 
the rest of the princes to revoke their subjects being anywhere 
in the King of Spain's service. 

3J pp. Holograph. Seal, (I. 759.) 



109 

THOMAS, EARL OF SUSSEX, to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1567, July 25. Ulm. On the 20th I visited the Duke of 
Wittenberge at his house of Stocqwardia [Studtgard] not half 
a mile out of my way, who was very glad to hear of the 
Queen, and offered to her his service at all times. 

I find the Protestants increase in all parts, as I go, and 
that in many cities and other places where both the religions 
be in exercise : the Papists' churches seemed almost vacant, 
and the Protestants' churches beginning to be too little, the 
people come so fast to the one and leave so fast the other. 

The Emperor I hear is still in Presbroke [Presburg] ten 
leagues from Vienna, and the Archduke in Styria, 24 leagues 
from thence. And, as a gentleman with whom I yesterday 
met riding in post from the Emperor unto the Low Countries 
told me, the Emperor and the Archduke were determined 
to be at Vienna by the last of this present. 

I mean to embark here for shortening of the way and ease 
of travel so soon as my boat is ready, and from thence I shall 
be at Vienna in 7 days. 

J p. Signed. Seal. (I. 767.) 

Paper headed " DISCOURS DE CE QUE DE LA PART DU TRES 
ILLUSTRE PRINCE PALATIN ELECTEUR ... A ESTE TRAICTE 
PAR MOY [ZlJLEGERj AVEC LE ROY DE FRANCE ET LA ROYNE 
MERE CONTENU EN CES TROIS POINTS PRINCIPATJX SUYVANS. 

[1567, Dec.] (1) The Ambassadors sent by the King to the 
German Princes, especially the Bishop of Rennes and young 
Lansac, told the Elector that Conde was in rebellion, and 
Lansac asked that some one should be sent to the King to 
learn the facts. Accordingly the writer was sent. 

(2) Lansac told the Elector in writing that the King had 
promised free exercise of religion ; the writer was to enquire 
into this. 

(3) He was sent to find whether it was true that the King 
was willing to assemble the estates and ratify this. 

He exhorted their Majesties to embrace a good peace, 
granting freedom of religion to all their subjects. This was 
in the presence of the King, the Queen-Mother, the King's 
Brother, Cardinal Bourbon and the Chancellor. 

The next day in their presence and of six Bishops, the 
First President of Paris and old and young Lansac, answer 
was made by the Chancellor. 

Surprise was expressed at the interference of the Elector, 
especially as he had told the Bishop of Rennes that he 
condemned no one unheard. To say this, and then allow 
his son to take up arms was to offer bread in one hand and 
a stone in the other. The present trouble was not due to 
religion but to Conde 's hatred of the house of Guise. The 
Queen, interrupting, said that the Edict had not been infringed. 
The Chancellor said that if it had, it was not the King's fault ; 



110 

he could not know what went on everywhere. The Swiss 
had been brought to France, on Conde's advice, to defend 
the frontier against the Spaniards on their way to the Low 
Countries. Conde was angry that he was not made Constable. 

[Zuleger] assured the King of Conde's loyalty to him ; he 
had heard him say that if he had the gift of the Crown of 
France, he would give it to him. 

The King offered to grant the Edict removing the modifica- 
tions and to sign it at once, and send it to Conde. He handed 
it to [Zuleger] ; de Haulloy being near asked to read it ; 
when he had it, young Aubespine took it from him, and would 
not give it back to [Zuleger]. He supposes that if he, as 
representing the Elector, had had it, the King would have 
had to act on it. He was shewn another script to the effect 
that the King had been with the Cardinal of Lorraine at 
Marchais [la Marche] not intending to fight there, and that 
nothing would have happened if the Cardinal had not com- 
plained of Conde troubling France. The King left Monceaux 
the next day to hunt, and heard that Conde was seen with 
soldiers ready to take him. This was incredible, but he 
retired to Meaux, and ordered his Court to protect him, and 
the next day, the Swiss having come, he started for Paris. 
This script had been given to young Lansac to take to the 
Elector, but he was taken, and the script brought in his baggage 
to the King's camp. 

[Zuleger] replied that the Elector had not forgotten the 
benefits received from France ; that his interference was to 
preserve liberty of conscience, as his actions in 1562 had 
proved. The Spaniards had persuaded the King to extirpate 
the religion in France. 

The Queen answered that the Interim in Germany was due 
to King Henry. 

[Zuleger] corrected her he had delivered them from the 
Interim which was worse than Papal doctrine. 

[Zuleger] had been refused private speech with the Chancellor 
and Montmorency. They did not mean peace. 

When he left Paris with young Lansac, Conde had crossed 
the Marne, but Lansac avoided him " by the King's orders. " 
They were met and taken by horsemen. Lansac admitted 
that he meant to go to John Casimir's camp to corrupt his 
Keiters. Conde charged him with lying about his (Conde's) 
intention. Lansac, on his knees, wished to kiss Conde's 
hand, who said that he was not fit to kiss those whom he had 
slandered : that he was in the pay of the King of Spain. Having 
saved France from the Guises he must now save it from Spain. 
He went on to describe to [Zuleger] the sufferings of those of 
the religion ; children might not be baptised in a house, 
but had to be taken six, seven, ten or fifteen leagues to be 
baptised. When the Queen was at Bayonne, Alva had offered 
her all the forces of Spain to extirpate the religion. The 
Cardinal de Bourbon had told [Conde] one evening in 



Ill 

his bedroom at Paris that he could have the office of Constable 
oix the death of Montmorency. Later the Queen had told 
him that the Constableship was not to be filled up, but that 
he should be Lieutenant-General. In spite of this, on the 
instigation of the Cardinal of Lorraine, they had tried to seize 
him, the Admiral and D'Andelot. He admitted that the 
Swiss had been summoned by his advice at the time of 
the Spanish march, but long after that they were brought to the 
Court a strange thing during peace in France. It was said 
before him at Lansac's table that they were in France to 
make war on the Huguenots, and that the King had armed 
the Parisians for the same purpose. They had therefore 
armed in self-defence. 

[Zuleger] also questioned the gentlemen who were with 
Conde and was assured that there was private cause for the 
quarrel. 

Duke John Casimir said the same, and handed him for 
delivery to the Elector a letter which he had received from 
the King, dissuading him from joining Conde. 

[Zuleger] adds that the King is expecting forces from the 
Pope, this being proved by an intercepted letter to Vielleville, 
enclosed. By the same letter it seems that the latter was 
charged by the King's Brother to corrupt John Casimir's 
Reiters. One Mandesloe had been sent for the same purpose. 

Particulars are given of the forces with Conde, with whom 
the writer spent eleven days. 

[Zuleger's name appears from the Elector's reply to the 
King. See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., 1568, Jan. 19. The 
document is incomplete, and no enclosures are given.] 

24 pp. French. (II. 485.) 

[THOMAS BLOUNT to the EARL OF LEICESTER.] 

[1567.] Being sent for this Saturday he found the Lord 
Steward [Pembroke], the Marquis [of Northampton], Lord 
Arundel, the Lord Admiral [Clinton], and Mr. Secretary, 
and was asked by the latter what John Appleyard [half- 
brother to Amy Robsart] had said to him in a matter touching 
Lord Leicester. 

He replied that his Lordship [Leicester] having been told 
by William Huggons, Appleyard's brother, that Appleyard 
had been practised with by certain persons, sent him to 
Appleyard, who at first would say nothing, nor write, his 
letters having been opened. On a second visit he said that 
he would tell the matter as to a friend, but not to deliver 
over. " Shutting the door, he began to say, Mr. Blount, 
if I would be a villain to rny Lord I could have money and 
friends great and good. . . . There came to me a man, as 
I judge, he said, a waterman, into the garden at Hampton 
Court, and delivered me a letter wherein I was called to come 
over the water alone, and there I should find a man alone 
that had to say to me in great matters, and secret, 



112 

Whereupon . . . after debating the matter with himself , . , , 
[he] went over the water and there found a man like a merchant 
(and a merchant he was) who drawing near him, saluted 
him. . . . Then said the merchant, Sir, I am not acquainted 
with you, nor you with me, but I have matters of great weight 
and secresy to impart with you, the which if you will promise 
... to keep private I will impart with you, if not I will say nothing. 
. . . Then say on, said Appleyard, I will keep the secret, 
but what is your name? Nay, said the merchant, by your 
leave before I tell you my name you shall be .sworn upon a 
book. . . . Now, said the merchant, I am a messenger to you 
from such persons (and so he named them) in this sort. They 
say they know you are ungently handled at my Lord of 
Leicester's hands. ... If you will join with them who do mind 
to charge him with certain things, . . . you shall lack neither gold 
or silver, and one of the things ... is the death of your 
sister [Amy] ; another is that my Lord of Leicester is the 
only hinderer of the Queen's marriage. . . . And further 
the merchant said, I will bring you to a house, upon your 
promise made, where you shall find upon a board 1,000?. 
. . . and shall have from time to time as much as you shall 
require. . . . Appleyard answered and said . . . my Lord 
of Leicester is better my good lord than he is reported to be. 
... I will neither for gold or friend stand against him, 
but am and will be his to death . . . and so departed." 

Blount asked Appleyard to come to Lord Leicester and 
tell him who these be and what they would charge him with, 
and name to him this merchant. He agreed to this, but not 
to give the merchant's name, being sworn. But he would 
point him out with his finger. 

Blount delivered this to the Earl, but Appleyard not coming 
as promised, went to him again, and on his way found Huggons 
who said that he had told the Earl of this practice, and had 
seen a man come into the garden, and deliver Appleyard the 
letter willing him to go over the water. He had gone up 
into the leads and seen the merchant speaking with him. 
There were also not near but apart two men in tawny coats. 
He could not get the merchant's name from Appleyard, but 
he said that those he should join were Norfolk, Sussex, Thomas 
Heneage and others. Though he judged naught of the matter 
in view of the goodness of them named, he promised to deal 
with Appleyard that he should tell Leicester. 

Hearing no more, after some days the Earl sent to Blount 
from Greenwich, where the Court lay, to bring Appleyard to 
him, which he did. My Lord Marquis was then with Leicester. 
(The Marquis said that he remembered this.) Within a few 
words the Earl became so angry with Appleyard that it seemed 
that, if they had been alone, he would have drawn his sword 
upon him. He bade him depart and to Blount said that he 
was a very villain. [The MS. ends here.] 

8 pp. Copy or draft. (II. 717.) 



113 

With this compare Appleyard's examination, Calendar of 
Cecil Papers, Vol. I., p. 350. 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1567[-8], Jan. 29. Paris. Has received the Earl's letters by 
Henry Crispe and understands the indiscreet and unhonest 
dealings of Genney [Jenye] whom he sends to make his purga- 
tion. Thanks the Earl for helping him by words to Sir Thomas 
Gresham, and for being suitor to the Queen to lend him 1,000 
crowns. From his wife he understands Barnaby's good will 
to return to Paris, but considering the danger to himself, it 
was best that it fell out as it did ; Barnaby has as yet received 
small thanks for his service. There has been great difficulty 
in obtaining messengers. George Glover, a denizen here, 
being wont to convey my letters over into England is 
suspected and no Englishman allowed in his house. Has 
obtained the King's letters for redress thereof, which hitherto 
has taken no more effect than those written for Montague, 
who by his own folly is yet in prison, boasting, it is said, that 
he was sent by the Earl to Conde. 

[The rest of the letter is to the same effect as letter to Cecil 
of same date, S. P. Foreign, Eliz.] Endorsed, Sir Henry Noryce, 
29 Jan., 1567. 

Postscript [on another sheet]. The 27th came a trumpet 
from de Bocral, Governor of Orleans; the officers there, in 
reply to the King's order to come to him, declare the impedi- 
ments of their stay. 

Longueville has gone to Cond6's camp to treat for peace, 
and Montmorency and Danville have sent La Planche 
on their behalf to that end. The Queen also has sent 
Sirlande, master of her household, to the Duchess of 
Ferrara at Montargis to be a means to it. " They begin 
to forthink them in overstepping so fair a commodity as 
was lately proffered." The Admiral has crossed the Seine 
at Chatillon. 5J pp. Seal. 

Endorsed: Jan., 1567. (II. 213.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568 [endorsement], March 30. Paris. The contents are 
included in his letter of the same date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, 
Eliz.] (I. 771.) 

DR. JOHN MAN to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, April 4. Madrid. I have declared to Wrygomes 
[Ruy Gomez] and to Don Antonio de Toledo your good 
inclination to the King's and their desire for Sir Francis 
Englefield, and that you will proceed as you see convenient, 
albeit you do not yet find her Majesty safe to be entreated 
in that case. From answering the King in this case, " yet I am 
strangely detained by the misliking of the other point 
exaggerated to the King and Council by the Ambassador's 

p 8 



114 

letters there hence. I mean the demand of equality of liberty 
in religion for me and my household here ... as is permitted to his 
Ambassador in England. This pill seems so much against 
their stomach that it distempers both the King and his Council 
only to smell or savour of it, but in no case they will be induced 
to taste of it or swallow it down. These sixteen days I have 
procured audience . . . with all diligence I could." I am ashamed 
of the contempt towards the Queen. I beseech you take the 
relation of the bearer. 

I suppose young Mr. Harrington is arrived there. He 
has many good parts. You may work a good deed to bring 
him into love of his own country and to Jielp him to some 
provision or stay of living there so that he may lose desire 
to return to Spain. For other occurrences I send my whole 
calendar of this month past, and beg you to help to rid me 
out of this disdainful country. I had liever serve the Queen 
in a right base place at home. 

1| pp. signed, with enclosure following. 

From the first to the last of March. 

Mr. Shelley's letter to me written from Malta and of 
his altercation for preceding with the Prior of Messina ; 
the word of his seal patriarum opum excubitor. 

The plague was so great last winter at Constantinople 
that the Turk's purposes are somewhat altered for this year. 

The Turk this year maketh no war against any part 
of Christendom. His force by sea not great. 

The peace not yet concluded between the Emperor 
and the Turk. 

The French Ambassador inf ormeth me that the French 
King revoked his Ambassador resident in the Court 
of Portugal because certain of the Ambassador's servants 
were troubled for religion and that from henceforth 
in that respect the French King will have no Ambassador 
in Portugal. 

Notwithstanding my denunciation unto this King of 
her Majesty's misliking that de Feria did intermeddle 
to hinder justice betwixt two of her subjects in main- 
tenance of Burlace against the Earl of Arundel, the 
King hath now restored Burlace unto his place in 
Milan, and whereas he gave him before 20 ducats by 
the month he hath now increased it to 30. 

And whereas according to the Queen's command 
by her letter, I charged Burlace to repair home to 
England the Duke of Feria commanded him not to go. 

The warrant of 12,000 florins for the aid of the English 
fugitives in Flanders according unto a bill of names has 
been renewed, besides sundry pensions of 400 and 500 
ducats as to Dr. Story and others, so that in my account 
the King bestoweth among men of our nation above 
20,000 florins yearly. 



115 

The Prince of Castile's cause is put unto the deter- 
mination of the law and counsellors retained for him 
and others for the King ; he is never like to return to 
liberty. 

It is reported that there be in this Court two 
Ambassadors of England, one for the Queen and the 
State, and the other for the Catholics and good Christians 
whose entertainment comes very slowly thence. 

The Marquis of Pescara, Viceroy of Sicily, departs 
to the charge within 20 days. 

Don John of Austria is made lieutenant-general of 
all the King's galleys. 

Don Luys de Sunyca, Commendador Major of Castile, 
departs hence very shortly as his lieutenant. 

This King's Ambassador writes from England to 
certain noblemen here that most part of England 
are Catholics and that the Queen is inclined that way 
also. 

The King determines to do some exploit either upon 
Busia [Bougie] or some other port toward Algeria, and 
not yet known what he will do. 

800,000 ducats are levied yearly in his spirituality 
by the Pope's grant towards the maintenance and 
furniture of his galleys. 

The Prince of Orange's son arrived into Spain. 

The religious men's persuasion to the King is that 
he must of necessity bend all his power against Lutherans 
and first against England, else that he shall not be able 
to sit long quiet in Spain, and for that intent they willed 
him to make peace with the Turk. 

This King has written to the French King that he 
will utterly forsake him in case he make any peace 
with the Huguenots or not persecute them to the 
uttermost. 

Twelve captains arrived here sent from Flanders to 
levy each of them an ensign of footmen, besides six 
others appointed here before, as that it is thought 
to return with them by sea to Flanders. 

The French Ambassador told me he perceived this 
King is in some doubt of France lest f ailing to agreement 
they might both parts join to set upon Flanders, 
Navarre or Milan. 

The Ambassador of Polonia arrived here to demand 
of this King restitution of the Duchy of Barry [Bari] in 
the realm of Naples, the heritage of the King of Poland 
from his mother Madame Bona [Sforza, daughter of 
the Duke of Milan], which this King detains from him. 

I am informed that the Duke of Feria misliketh 
somewhat with the King's Ambassador there because 
he is cold and therefore not meet to serve in that place. 

The Commendators of the order of St f John have of 



116 

late assembled themselves at a chapter and have levied 
among them 12,000 ducats to be made over for this 
country to the aid and relief of them of Malta. 

It is reported that there were made over into Flanders 
for the king's use last month 20,000,000 ducats. 

The King of Spain is sundry times touched with the 
gout. 

Advices come from Constantinople of January that 
the Turk arms forthwith 180 galleys and fustas besides 
mahonas which serve for carriage of artillery and horse 
to assemble all within the gulf. 

One of the lineage of the Moors of Arabia revolted 
against the Turk against whom he hath sent great 
power under the conduct of the Begles Bey of 
Damascus. 

An Ambassador has arrived at Constantinople from 
the Sophy of Persia, and as it is supposed a peace 
concluded betwixt the Turk and the Sophy. A truce 
is likewise concluded betwixt the Emperor and 
Turk. 

3 pp. [Enclosure ends.] (I. 775.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1568, April 8. Paris. To the same effect as his letter to 
the Queen of same date. [See Cal. 8.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 1 J pp. 
(I. 783.) 

The SAME to the SAME. 

1568, April 30. Paris. By your letter of the 9th I find 
you know the insufficiency of him whom necessity causes me 
to use. Hitherto he has served me as I might very ill have 
spared him, and has cast himself into such danger as I could 
get none other to do for love or money. Yet I am not so 
addicted to my own opinion but am to be ruled by your 
direction. 

The 23rd inst. one came to me sent from the Prince and 
the Admiral to know whether you sent two bags, the one to 
the Prince, the other to the Admiral, and whether the messenger 
did speak with you, the Earl of Bedford, Lord Cobham, and 
Sir N. Throgmorton "who, as he declared you said, had 
levied three score thousand crowns among you besides that 
the Queen would give for her part. And that you knew not 
how to send but by the Elector Palatine. Their desire ... is to 
know whether this be true, and whether the Queen has given 
her consent to this your collection or not. The latter part of 
your letter I have fulfilled, as to put them in comfort of 
good will towards them, whereof as you very truly say there 
hath been some doubt. Otherwise things had not fallen out 
as now they have, and as it may appear . . by the Edicts sent to 
you, notwithstanding the which . . I much doubt the continuation 



117 

of this peace, since the proclamation whereof there have 
been and daily are such murders committed upon them of 
Religion . . at Paris, Lyons, Amiens, Rouen and elsewhere in 
France, where not only they refuse the Edict to be proclaimed, 
but the Protestants desiring to repair to their houses as they 
enter the gates . . are . . murdered. . . So cruel a nation hath not 
. . been read of, that would to their own countrymen work such 
horrible cruelty." Wherefore I shall not marvel if her Majesty's 
subjects find small justice, since their own cannot be admitted 
thereto. 

Instead of reformation of these cruel facts, the 28th inst. 
here was proclaimed that no assemblies should be made either 
about preaching or otherwise ; and that in Paris or the 
faubourgs thereof none should use any service in their houses 
other than the mass, upon pain to them in the house to be 
put to the sword and the house razed to the ground, which, 
as I learn, is an Italian device. 

These extremities give me to think that for their safety 
the Prince and his associates must return to then: arms, and 
the war be more cruel than hitherto. 

The Dauphin has entered Orleans and keeps it for the 
King. It is much feared that execution will be done on 
them of religion, without God be merciful to them. 

The Cardinal of Lorraine is feared to be working to get 
affairs into D'Anjou's hands, and so, by his youth and in- 
efficiency, usurp the Government again at his pleasure, but 
the Queen-Mother will not like thereof and Montmorency 
will withstand it. I hear of great words between them this 
day. 

You may find this strange but it is from the mouth of him 
who was privy to it. Ramus [Ramee] said the Prince will never 
consent though much desired by others, to require help of the 
Queen, which now I find was the occasion of his strange 
dealings in that behalf fearing lest having set in foot, that 
were not easily removed again. 

Postscript. I praise God for the great justice that I hear 
done there by your honour to the disobedient in causes of 
religion. 

I lack only a messenger to convey your iron vessel to you, 
which you shall receive by the next that cometh. 

Partly in cipher (italicized above) deciphered and the translation 
then erased. 1J p. (I. 787.) 

RICHARD ONSLOW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, May 8. Mr. Secretary sent for Mr. Justice Carus 
and me by the Queen's command to consider how justice 
might be administered in the Duchy Court by commission 
during the avoidance of the Chancellorship. I could not 
wait upon Mr. Secretary myself, being unable to go out without 
pain this five weeks. I conferred with Mr. Justice Carus, 



118 

who came to me for that purpose, and have made search 
among the records of the Duchy and find not that the office 
was ever executed by commission, but from time to time 
shortly after the death of a Chancellor a new was made by 
letters patent until the time of Sir Ambrose Cave whose patent 
is not enrolled in my office. I sent to Mr. Secretary by my 
brother, attending Mr. Justice Carus thither, a note of 
the patents of fourteen Chancellors before Sir A. Cave, and 
the precedents of the patents that have been made to the 
Chancellors, not knowing how the present bestowing or 
deferring of the same office may concern or touch the Queen's 
service. Also there be very many come out of Lancashire 
and other counties which have to do in the Duchy Court, 
some for the proceeding and hearing of their causes according 
to days appointed in the last term, some other upon process 
at the suit of the Queen or divers of her subjects, which 
look and attend daily at the Duchy Court for justice, 
which they cannot receive until a Chancellor be made. 
1 p. (I. 1791.) 

JOHN WOOD to Sir NICHOLAS THROGMORTON. 

1568, May 14. Glasgow. " These late mutations chanced to 
us to whom novelties are no novelties so well are we accus- 
tomed with changes." The Queen escaped from Lochleven by 
means of a brother of the Lord thereof called George Douglas, 
who trafficked with my Lord of St. Andrew's and Lord Herries 
to that effect. She went to Hamilton and remained there 
from 2nd to 12th inst. Then, about the 12th, moved, as 
we believed, against us with the Hamiltons, the Earls of Argyle, 
Casellis, Eglinton, Bothes, Lords Herries, Yester and many 
others. They were betwixt 5,000 and 6,000. We, seeing 
them keep towards Paisley, hastened towards them with the 
Earls of Morton, Mar, Glencairn, Graham, Monteith, Lords 
Hume, Lindsay, Ruthven, Ochiltree, and many of the chief 
professors of these parts. Our avant-guards having rencontered 
with spears, " it was hard fochten more than a large quarter of 
an hour, and then with the slaughter of six score or thereby of 
the chief Hamiltons they were overthrown. And because we 
were almost all on foot, the chase was none great." The Queen 
fled with Herries towards Dumfries where she is yet. Argyle 
is in his own country. We with divers prisoners and nine 
of the field pieces returned to Glasgow. For prisoners there 
is Lord Setoun, Lord Hackett, alias Lord Ross, the Sheriff 
of Ayr, Sir James Hamilton, Lord Preston, Lord Inverwyk 
and other gentlemen of the Hamiltons. This day the Regent 
has charged the Castle of Hamilton and Draffen and rides 
towards the same. Robert Melville was with the Queen 
against her will and is now stayed by one of ours ; as he is not 
able to do his duty to you, I supply his room. 

The French Ambassador is not yet departed but the esper- 
ance of support thence is all our adversaries now lean upon. 



119 

If " Herries, doublest and craftiest in Scotland were once att 
under, this matter were at good point. It shall be more easy 
to handle Huntley and Argyle nor him." 
1J p. (I. 795.) 

Sir WILLIAM CECIL to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, May 15. " I have no great matter, at the least no 
comfortable to write. The matters of religion on the other 
side suffer " wordly " persecution daily. Sir Tho. Smyth is 
come with such answers as were looked for. I have obtained 
the Q. Majesty's permission for my L. of Bedford to stay his 
journey as his health shall move him. 

" The Lords of Scotland have newly suited to the Q. Majesty 
here to have her favourably persuaded in three things where- 
upon they are accorded, upon the delivery of the Queen from 
the servitude of Bothwell, to preserve the Prince and to pursue 
the murder. Her Majesty liketh not of the two first as not 
pertaining to her : of the third she doth not mislike, but yet 
we cannot obtain any resolution what she will do, and it is 
to be feared that the Lords shall be forced to accept the offers 
of the French. Her Majesty yesterday once said she would 
send Mr. Henadg into Scotland, but yesternight she grew 
therein irresolute. And so I end. 

" If Wm. Huggyns be with your Lordship, I pray you let 
him come with your Lordship that he may be spoken withall 
upon the sudden, concerning Appleyard, for amongst them 
they will fall out in their own colours." 

I p. Holograph. (I. 799.) 

The DEAN AND CHAPTER OF CHRIST CHURCH to the EARL 
OF LEICESTER, CHANCELLOR OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

1568, June 16. Christ Church, Oxford. Petition relating 
to one of their Vicars who had been deprived of his house. 

I 1 p. much torn. Latin. (1.15.) For cover see Vol. III. , p. 902e. 

Sir HENRY LEE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, July 3. Ausbruck. There is with the Prince of 
Orange a man of great experience, learning and practise in 
the wars, a deep wit, and now the only practiser between 
Orange and the rest of the Princes Frederick Swarttes 
[Schwartz]. 

Coming from Spyers I fell into the company of a Doctor of 
Civil Law, sent by the Emperor about his especial causes to 
that town. He assureth me of their deadly hatred to the 
Duke of Alva, and how much the Emperor misliketh with the 
Duke's proceedings in Flanders. The Duke hath sent his 
excuse to the Emperor, and the Palsgrave hath also sent 
crying out of the murder of his son-in-law [sic], 

4 pp. The early part of the letter is to the same effect as 
that to Cecil of 1568, June 29 (Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.]. (1. 803.) 



120 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1568, July 14. Paris. Monluc the 3rd of this present 
assembled certain gentlemen and soldiers both foot . . [torn] to 
have surprised Montalbon in Gascony, but the inhabitants 
. . [torn] provision for resistance and slew . . [torn] and 
repulsed the rest. 

The Duke of Guise being Great Master of the King's houses 
had commandment the 8th instant that all Protestant officers 
of the King's household should be dismissed out of their 
ordinary. 

The preceding paragraphs are practically identical with his 
letter to the Queen. [See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., 1566-8.] 

On the other side of the sheet is the following : 



Sir HENRY NORREYS [to the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1568, July 14. Paris. " I am in the same doubt as your 
Lordship touching the Prince and the Admiral for whatsoever 
fair promises be made their only intent is to intreat these here 
as others hath done in Flanders. . . I desire you to provide 
for the same in time. That the Prince and the Admiral ruined, 
these intend to do as I have advertised their uttermost to pluck 
up by the root the whole religion with all the favourers thereof. 
And where you advise me, for which I most humbly thank 
you, to let the Queen understand what labour is made to win 
the Regent of Scotland, I have already advertised Mr. Secretary, 
in your absence, thereof, as also I will do the Queen, wishing 
and praying to God that aiding the Queen of Scots without 
great circumspectness you lose not the Regent, and thereby 
do put in hazard the loss of the King of Scots which indeed is 
the mark these shoot at, which in my single judgment doth much 
appertain to the benefit of your country, wherefore my trust 
is God will put into your hearts to consider thereof accordingly 
and that in time. Here is great labour made for aid into 
Scotland and good hope to attain the same, which I shall be 
better able to advertize you shortly : in the meantime I will 
pray that that Queen doth not cause you some unquietness 
or it be long with her practises both here and there. I wish 
she might not approach her Majesty for divers respects which 
you can well consider of." 

2 pp. signed, partly in cipher deciphered : this is printed in italics. 
Parts of the letter are in his letter to Cecil of the same date. [See 
Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz. 1566-8.] (I. 807.) 



WILLIAM, PRINCE OF ORANGE. 

1568, July 20. Declaration of the Prince concerning the 
occasion of his defence against the tyranny of Alva. English 
translation. 

12 pp. (II. 1.) 



121 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL or PEMBROKE, the EARL 
OF LEICESTER and Sir WILLIAM CECIL. 

1568, July [about the 20th]. Paris." The 17th inst. I was 
requested by the Duke Montmorency to come to his house at 
Ecquan the day following which I did. And after having 
declared to him that was committed unto me by your Honours' 
letters of the 28th of June, as that the matter being moved to 
your Honours, you would use your credit towards her Majesty t 
whom you trusted neither could nor would but accept the 
good will of the Duke in very good part, whose answer was that 
he would be very glad to have that honour ascribed to him 
as to be the instrument of so beneficial a thing as this should be 
to both the realms, first considering how much his Father and 
he both were, and he yet is, bound to her Majesty, wishing there 
were some occasion presented to make proof of his fidelity 
towards her Majesty to whom, his allegiance reserved, there 
is not that Prince in Europe he would so soon wish to do 
some service that might be acceptable as to her Majesty for 
such honour as it hath pleased her Majesty to bestow upon 
his Father being of her Majesty's Order, as also upon him being 
in England ; secondly considering the benefit to both the 
countries he cannot but wish most earnestly and pray likewise 
to God to be favourable to this motion and grant it good 
success. And what he may be advertised by me that seemeth 
to your Honours most expedient to be done to bring this to 
good effect he will not fail to use all diligence therein he may 
possibly. He further declared unto me whereof he desired 
your Honours might be advertised. That since the first 
overture made hereof, he hath conferred with the French King, 
the Queen Mother, Monsieur the French King's brother, which 
all and every one doth marvellously embrace the same, with 
most earnest request only to be advertised whether her 
Majesty intendeth to marry or not, which knowing all labour 
and diligence shall be used in that behalf and with all speed 
possible. And hereby also he trusteth that the Cardinal of 
Lorraine shall be frustrate of his design, who, he saith, seeketh 
all means to do for you that already he hath done for them ; 
further the Duke required I would advertise your Honours 
that it is found strange that the Queen of Scots should have 
letters brought to her thither and from thence conveyed hither 
and the parties not discovered which can not be done without 
great prejudice to her Majesty, which he most earnestly wisheth 
your Honours to remedy in time, otherwise it will breed great 
inconvenience or it be long." 

Here both parties are attentive what will be the success of 
Flanders. 

At Rouen the Governor Carougis hath lost his charge and 
Bryotte is placed there. Since Coqueville's coming to 
St. Valery divers of Rouen have gone to him, which hath 
caused the town to be more straightly warded than before. 



122 

Here hath been an inquisition throughout the whole city 
what strangers and others be lodged here, to whom they 
appertain, and of what religion they be. Such as be not 
dwellers, and suspected to be of the Religion are commanded 
to depart the town. In this search murders have been com- 
mitted and men found dead, their heads being cut off and cast 
away, whereby they might not be known. 

During this inquisition Teligny was sent hither to the King 
from the Prince ; he so hardly escaped as I think him rebuked 
from coming here again. Capt. Coqueville being besieged at 
St. Valery in Caux by Marshal de Cosse has slain six of the 
Marshal's company, but he and the rest of his company are in 
great danger to be lost. Conde has disavowed him. 

News is not allowed to come from Flanders, but I send 
copy of a letter brought by Teligny and presented to the Queen, 
delivered to him by an unknown person. You may consider 
the mislike had of both sorts of Religion of the Government 
of this country. 

(Postscript.) I now learn of some privy to the Prince's 
affairs that Coqueville did it in Picardy upon intelligence with 
other captains of Flanders. Having 3,000 shot and four 
guidons of arquebusiers and pistoliers he would have entered 
into Flanders according to his appointment, but the Flemings 
said it was not yet time, and that he should hover until 
Orange's coming down. Finding preparations made by the 
Spaniards on one side to stop his entry into Flanders and by 
de Cosse on the other so that he could not lodge his companies in 
the villages, he dismissed his men and retired to St. Valery, as 
being near the forest of Ardein, but Cosse got between him 
and the forest. He is determined when extremity drives him 
thence to come by sea to England. 

2| PP- ; partly cipher deciphered ; the cipher words 
are printed in italics. (II. 19.) 

Sir HENRY NOBBEYS to the EABL OF LEICESTEB. 

1568, July 29. Paris. The city of Lyons was of late nearly 
surprised, the Sergeant-Major of the citadel having intelligence 
with divers of the Religion in the city and with others that 
were fled to Brele, not far from thence.* The citadel was to be 
delivered on Mary Magdalene Eve, but it being discovered, the 
Sergeant was arrested at a Captain's house whither he was 
invited to that end, and, resisting, he was slain with another 
Captain, and three others were taken and executed, after 
examination. Briague, the Governor, has sent in writing to 
the King the confessions of the parties ; and the Prince's 
[i.e. Conde's] adversaries bruit that he was consenting to this 
practise. 

Capt. Coqueville and three others were beheaded at Abbe- 
ville last Monday ; 36 in all are condemned, besides many 
that were slain and cast into the river after their entry into 
St. Valery. 



123 

The 27th inst. Clermont d'Amboise was presented to the 
King, and well received, not having been at Court since the 
troubles. 

The King has been sick, and is still in danger, blood having 
been let twice. 

The Court is still ordered by the Cardinal of Lorraine ; 
the Prince of Conde remains at Noyers in Burgundy, the 
Admiral at Taules, and D'Andelott at La Valle in Brittany. 
[Cf. letter to Cecil of same date, CaL S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 

[In another hand partly in cipher* partially deciphered :] 
I now learn from the Admiral, the Cardinal de Chdtillon and 
Montmorency that the Cardinal of Lorraine has sent certain 
Italians to England to work treason to the Queen. I cannot get 
their names. One Griffin that hath lately been with you and 
is much conversant with the ambassador of France wishes to 
tell you that you receive but few letters whereof the 
ambassador has not shortly after the receipt thereof good 
advertisement of their effect. 

11 p. (II. 17.) 

Sir FRANCIS KNOLLYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Aug. 1. Bolton Castle, late in the night. " I received 
at this instant your Lordship's letter of the 29 of July whereby 
I perceive that her Highness findeth fault that notwithstanding 
her sundry sendings unto me to know the wants of the Scottish 
Q. for all kinds of furniture for her self, as bedding, plate, 
vessel, and such other necessaries : And also for her stable 
and all things thereto appertaining : That yet I have not 
advertised particularly and fully thereof as appertained. . . . 
I thought my forbearing to write for bedding, plate, vessel 
and such other necessaries had been a sufficient argument that 
here was no great want thereof : And in very deed this house, 
with the aid of my L. Scroop's friends, is very honourably 
furnished with hangings, and bedding, and conveniently with 
cupboard plate and silver vessel, but because my L. Scroope 
is presently ridden to Carlisle for 4 or 5 days, therefore until 
his return I can not certainly advertise how long his friends 
can forbear their lent plate and stuff now occupied in this 
house : Wherefore if by your L. means we may be advertised 
how long this Q. shall remain here (by the time of your 
advertisement thereof) I doubt not but upon my L. Scroope's 
return hither we shall be able to satisfy her Highness' desire, 
signifying whether any wants shall be needful to be supplied 
or not in that behalf. 

" But as for the staying of the letter at Dankester [Doncaster]. 
and of Mr. Skypworth's stay of bringing of horses for this Q, 
to Carlisle, my letters to Mr. Secretary of the 28 of June and 
of the 5 of July and of the 7 of July do witness that I am not 
guilty of their stay. 

* The cipher words are printed in italics. 



124 

" This Q. hath three woman's saddles here and sundry cover- 
ings and furniture for her own saddle, which do serve for her 
riding and hunting here about this house, although they be 
not very fair : but here are 7 waiting women (such as they 
be) with the master cook's wife, for supplying and furnishing 
of which number from Carlisle hither we shifted with borrowing 
to their content ation sufficiently as it happened, yet not 
without trouble and travail for the same. As touching the 
litter, this Q. hath no delight to use the same, but if she shall 
journey from hence any whither (to meet with misadventures 
of falls or sickness by the way) I think it honourable for her 
Highness that she should have a litter to attend upon her 
Grace, but during the time of her Grace's remaining here 
I see no need of a litter, but you had need to send 2 or 3 horses 
hither for her own saddle, for she rides of none of her own. 
We have borrowed one horse of Sir George Bowes that serves 
her turn, hitherto she hath ridden of one of my L. Scroope's 
that is now hurt. I have sayed [sic] one of myne with a 
woman's saddle to serve her, but as yet no woman hath ridden 
on him, and therefore his service is doubtful, although he be 
well liked of her servants that hath ridden on him with a 
woman's saddle." 

One Douglas, a Scot, who says he is my Lord Deputy of Ireland's 
man, came to me yesterday, saying that he has bought wines 
in Scotland for his master ; while shipping them to Ireland, 
he heard that Alexander Oeg [McDonnell], brother to 
Sorlebose [Sorley Boy] and both of them lords of Kantire were 
agreed that Sorley Boy being aged and broker^ with late 
O'Neil's detaining of him in prison, should remain in Kantire, 
and that Alexander Oeg should go with 800 men, levied there 
and in the isles near, to Ireland to attain their patrimony in 
the Glyns and the Roate by the assistance of Turlogh Leynogh, 
but Alexander asking more of the revenues of Kantire than 
Sorley Boy would "grant, the agreement broke. Whereupon 
one Mackalervie [McAlester] born in Ireland and " being a 
shifter sometime in Ireland and sometime in the Out Isles of 
Scotland," with 400 of these levied men, is gone to Ireland. 
Whereof you may inform the Lord Deputy. 

This Queen had news this evening out of Scotland that she 
likes not, but what it is I know not. 

2 pp. Seal. (II. 23.) 

Sir HENRY NOEEEYS to [the EAEL OF LEICESTER]. 

1568, Aug. 2. Paris. Letters from Antwerp tell of a 
further loss received by Ludovic of Nauceau [Nassau] since 
his retreat from Groningen. Being within a league and a half 
of Emden, Alva, staying behind himself, sent two guidons 
of vantcurriers, five ensigns of Spaniards and two of 
Burgundians, a few of whom approaching the trenches 
skirmished with the scouts, and one of the captains desperately 



125 

entering the trenches, the others followed and slew 5 or 6 men 
unprovided. The rest fled thinking they were attacked by 
the whole army. The Count was forced to pass the river in 
a small boat, which being afterwards taken, he is not found, 
and rumour hath it that he is drowned. Much booty was 
taken, and none of reputation slain on Alva's side but 
Don Grazias Manrico. The Duke himself, ordering that none 
should enter any ground of the Empire, retired into Priesland. 
The state of the Religion here did partly depend upon the 
success of the wars in Flanders, and they now decline. If 
Orange had come with expedition as was looked for, neither 
had matters stood in these perilous terms in Flanders, nor the 
breaking of the Edict been so quietly passed over in France. 

Marshal de Cosse, returning from the taking of St. Valery, 
sent to demand of Bouchevannes, Lieutenant to Conde, if he 
would not receive 2 or 3 bands into the castle of Durlans. He 
asked for 2 or 3 days to resolve thereof, but the Marshal marched 
towards him, when he received the garrison into the Castle, 
insinuating himself in the Marshal's favour, saying that the 
King might bestow a better charge of him, seeing he was well 
affected to deserve the same. 

The siege of Rochelle is continued by Vielleville and 
Monluc. Those of Rochelle have lately sallied forth and 
taken some towns near. It is thought they will abide the 
extreme. 

The Duke Chatelherault minds to depart hence shortly 
for Scotland with 1,500 arquebusiers out of Britany of 
Monsr. Martigues' appointing, to land at Dambritton [Dum- 
barton]. 

If p. Part of this letter is contained in Norreys' letter to 
Cecil of same date (See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.) (II. 27.) 

EDWARD [LORD] HASTINGS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568 [endorsement], Aug. 2. Loughborough. I have 
granted to Mr. Killigrew, your servant, the stewardship you 
did write for, and am glad to have pleasured him, both because 
he is so faithful a servant to you, and for the liking I have to 
all his race for their truth toward your Lordship. Resting as 
you will command me without spot or wrinkle, &c. 

Holograph. J p. Seal. (II. 29.) 

WILLIAM [LORD] COBHAM to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Aug. 3. Cobham. Letters from Aachen of July 23 
say that the Prince is ready to be in the field by Aug. 1. He 
has of late bought at Cologne 150,000 dollars of armour, and 
the Lansgrave Wane [van] Essyne has lent him 200,000 dollars 
upon his land, and the Duke of Brunswick as much more. 
Ludovic is nearer Holland, and would give battle to the Duke, 
but he rather seeks to weary him than to fight. Last Thursday 
came over a Walloon, of St. Thomeres [St. Omer], who serves 



126 

under Monsr. Dereu [? Roeulx]. Watch was laid on him, and 
being enquired what he sought, he said he came to speak 
with one Charle [MS. torn] ; he was answered that he was 
departed hence ; next day he rode to Sandwich, and was 
searched for letters, but had none. At length he confessed 
that Alva had sent him over to see whether there were any 
men ready to embark, and had allowed him 45. a day ; upon 
his return he thought he should be sent again, at which time he 
promised, if well rewarded, to confess all that was given him 
in charge. Neither the French nor Fleming sleeps. What 
their meaning is to double the garrison at Calais, Boulogne and 
Dieppe, I dare not judge. I have often requested her Highness 
to have consideration of her frontier in this shire. In sundry 
doubtful times I have been commanded to lie on the frontier 
(to my great charges) a show to small terror to the enemy, 
for what can one with a few do ? Things ought to be well 
digested while opportunity serves, lest that being taken away, 
hurt and shame come of it. 
If p. Seal. (II. 33.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

* 1568, Aug. 7. Paris. Murders and injuries are daily done 
to the Protestants. Robert Siewarde* will inform you of the 
proceedings here. Rochelle now stands upon composition, 
requiring to have Vielleville, or one of his assignment for their 
Governor. They stand upon some things not yet accorded upon. 

Upon the determination to besiege Rochelle, Octavian 
Fregoso, General of the King's Galleys, caused divers to be put 
in equipage at Marseilles, and other great vessels at Bordeaux 
and Nantes. If not employed at Rochelle, I fear the ships in 
Britany shall convey some force to Scotland. 

The Duke doth depart hence, as he giveth forth, for Geneva, 
but I secretly understand he means to return to Scotland. 

Postscript. I cannot yet attain to further knowledge of 
the Italian, whereof the Admiral and Chatillon require me to 
give advertisement to the Queen. Steward will tell you on his 
arrival all he knows. 

1J p. Seal. (II. 37.) 

WILLIAM [LORD] COBHAM to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568 [endorsement], Aug. 13. Cobham. I thank you for 
recommending my suit to the Queen for forseying [sic] and 
providing of these her frontier places. "Among divers and 
sundry storms some calms do chance that doth revive 
doollte [sic] spirits as now the coming of the Prince of Orange 
who has the leeding of 8,000 horsemen and 20,000 footmen, the 
horsemen already paid for three months." The Count Palatine of 

* The words printed in italics are in Norreys* cipher. 



127 

the Rhine has written to the Emperor, in excuse for dealing in this 
matter that his brother-in-law Egmont has been put to death. 

The Duke of Bavaria, being requested to stop the passages 
and aid the Papists, has refused. 

There is a practice which if it takes place Alva shall hardly 
escape it. A book has been set forth in French and Italian 
touching their proceedings. 

Count Ludovic is gone towards his brother ; his last loss 
grew upon a retire commanded by the Prince, for that he had 
discovered a treason in his camp which could only be prevented 
if he removed ; upon these advertisements he communicated 
to the rest who consented, but it was contended whose 
regiment should pass the river first ; this was decided by lot, 
and it fell to " Conte," who passed, and so did the second ; the 
third under Count Swaysseyngborg, where the treason lay 
hid, began to cry for gelt or money, or else they would not 
march ; the Count answered that it was time to fight, not to 
receive pay ; the leaders of the Duke's men, who were made 
privy of this treason, came upon them ; they yielded, and a 
great number were slain. Emden might have been betrayed, 
for the Burgomaster was won and promised to be made Earl 
of Emden ; his son, faring not well at supper, said openly 
to the servants that shortly he hoped their fare would be 
amended, for says he " My Father is like to be Earl of this 
country." These words sounded not well to one of the maids, 
and remembering that there were often conferences by night, 
and late going up and down which commonly was not used, 
she bragged this secret conference to the Pastor ; he told the 
Count, who set a watch, and suffering one to pass late out of 
the Burgomaster's house, had him followed and taken as he 
was passing the water ; he was kept secret. A letter was 
found about him, importing the delivering of the keys of the 
town. The Earl called the Estates to the market place, 
requiring their aid in a matter of importance. " You have 
heard of late a muttering of treason, but hitherto it has not 
been discovered, but I have found the traitor and the treason. 
What will you have done ? " They said " Let him have his 
desert." He commanded the Burgomaster to be taken. He 
was counted so upright a man that the company seemed not 
to allow of it. The Count charged him : he denied it. "I have 
thy letter." " It was none of mine." " If thou canst that 
prove, I will openly here promise to make thee satisfaction 
and upon my knees ask thy mercy." Then spake the Count 
to the assembly, " Shall he be put to torture to see whether 
he will confess it ? " They cried " Yea, Yea." He was 
racked and confessed, and was executed. 

3 pp. Seal. (II. 41.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER], 

1568, Aug. 14. Paris. I learn from " a Scottishman of the 
Duke of Chatelherault's own company that he departeth out 



128 

of hand from hence towards Orleans, and so goeth straight 
to Nantes in Britany, where he shall embark with certain 
soldiers that Martigues hath levied for him, and taketh his 
voyage into Scotland, minding to land (as his first determination 
was) at Dumbrytton, his intent to depart hence is at the farthest 
by the 16th of this present. I find his whole intent is to 
trouble what he may the peace of that country. ... I wish 
(without offence to God) he might drink as much in the sea 
as he hopeth to gain in the land. . . . My trust is your Honour 
will in good time prevent the inconvenience that hereof may 
ensue, and so much the rather that you know the guider of this 
enterprise, more affectionate at all times to pleasure the 
French, being also to his own advantage, than to seek the 
welfare of his country ... By as much as I can gather by that 
hath proceeded from you, these his attempts will nothing better 
the Queen her Majesty's state, who serveth him for a shadow in 
his doings. But in the end I fear this feigned pity he 
beareth towards her will resolve into open ambition, where- 
unto I think him apt enough of his own inclination and much 
encouraged thereunto by such as be his chief counsellors and 
directors in all his proceedings in this Court. God prosper 
them according to their meaning, which will not be otherwise 
I trust, than with their own confusion, for they intend to 
kindle new fire in that Realm, and do boast already their party 
there and friends in England to be very great, insomuch that 
lately they have said that the number of the Queen's friends 
are greater there with you than either in France or Scotland. 
But I think since this man meaneth that force shall try right, 
the honourable means that her Majesty goeth about to seek 
to appease these troubles will serve to small effect . . . since the 
Duke intendeth, as may appear, to work his designs whilst 
the matters of pacification shall be treated upon." 

Postscript. I beseech your Honour that such of my own 
servants as be there may be returned hither with speed. 
Shortly La Rochelle shall be besieged, which now is the only 
refuge of them of the Religion, and as yet I hear of no prepara- 
tions for the defence of it. It is greatly sought that answer be 
made to the letter sent to your Honour, the Lord Steward and 
Mr. Secretary, whereof they seem very desirous. 

2 pp. Part of this letter is contained in Norreys* letter to 
Cecil of same date. [See Gal S.P. Foreign, Eliz.} (II. 45.) 



JOHN [MERSHE] to 



1568, Aug. 15. Antwerp. I sent an express to Cologne and 
beyond ; he saw large numbers of horse and foot on both 
sides of the Rhine, but dared not tarry till the Prince were in 
the field for fear of stopping the passages ; the Prince and the 
nobles who have joined him will have 20,000 foot and 7,000 
horse, besides 2,000 horse to be brought by the Duke of 
Brunswick at his own charge. Count Ladron leaves this town, 



129 

of which he has charge, to-morrow ; Mons. de Reux, who had 
charge of the frontiers of Flanders, is looked for to take his 
place. The Italians report 2,000 horse coming to the Duke 
from Germany, and 3,000 Italians, and that the Prince has 
8,000 horse and 30,000 foot. There is still persecution in these 
parts and [MS. torn] have been taken in this town in the 
night . . . especially scholars. 

Postscript. A letter from Cologne of the 12th reports that 
the Prince will set forward within 10 days to take possession of 
Breda. The Prince of Spain has died in prison, and 
Monsr. Montanye [Montigny] is executed. 

1 p. Torn. (I. 421.) 



to the EARL OP LEICESTER. 



1568, Aug. 22. Romersdorf. The bearer Dolheim will tell 
you the occasions which have reduced me to write to you as 
the last remedy against the cruelties of Alva. 

1 p. French. Signature torn off ; no endorsement nor seal. 
(II. 47.) 

CHARLES IX OF FRANCE. 

1568, Aug. 25. Boulogne. Proclamation of the King of 
France on the protection of those of the Religion. 

1 p. French. Printed broadside, given in Calendar of 
S P. Foreign, Eliz., under date. (IT. 51.) 

LIST of HORSEMEN of WILLIAM OF ORANGE. 

[1568,1 Aug. 26. Camp [at Romersdorf]. List of horsemen 
and their commanders under William of Orange, 7,550 in all. 
1 p. (II. 611.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the [EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1568, Aug. 27. Paris. Montmorency is earnest to have 
answer of such matters as I dealt with him by your directions. 

Lately there was suspect of the " Roysters " coming into 
France ; the forces of Brisac and Stozzi, levied for the siege of 
Rochelle march towards the frontiers, but this fear is passed over. 

Messengers were sent to Conde to promise that the King 
would regard the observation of the Edict. One of those who 
went was the Captain of the Guard. He saw no force with 
Conde, whose mother-in-law, the Marquise of Rothelin, assured 
the King on the 24th inst. that he did not wish to renew trouble, 
but had it to heart to see the Protestants so evil intreated. 

The Cardinal of Lorraine has been here for a loan, pawning 
the Clergy lands. 

Orange is in the country of Liege, and Alva in Utrecht. 
Chatelherault is yet here, but two ships are ready near Nantes 
to convey him to Scotland. I dealt with him according to 
her Majesty's instructions, but fear he will not alter his 
determination, 



130 

The King sends one Mande, protonotary to the Cardinal of 
Lorraine, to assist in the assembly on the borders for the 
Queen of Scot's cause. 

2 pp. (II. 53.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the [EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1568, Aug. 29. Paris. Such is the time for the Queen to 
demand her rights as better cannot be desired. I doubt not 
your answer shall be more reasonable than it was last, the 
messenger being sufficient. 

The being of Robert Steward there is well known so that his 
return cannot be hither without danger. 

1 p. Partly cipher deciphered ; the cipher words are 
printed in italics : the last two paragraphs holograph. Part of this 
letter is in Norreys' letter to the Queen o/ same date. [See Cal. of 
S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (II. 55.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Sept. 2. Paris. I sent Mr. Dauncy in haste, hearing 
that Chatelherault leaves to-day by small journeys for Orleans 
to pass by Nantes to Dumbritton, whereof I marvel, the state of 
this country well weighed. I trust you will not omit the time 
which God again has now profered for you to make evin with 
the French for Calais. 

D'Anjou leaves on the 7th for Orleans. Conde was at Limozin 
where companies of the Religion draw to him. contrary to 
his Eminence's expectation, who trusted to have surprised 
him. 

Postscript. I now hear that Baron de la Garde, captain of 
the galleys, is gone to Marseilles to take galleys to Rochelle 
to let the victualling and land of foreign forces. Mandey 
[de Mande] stands still upon his departure to England. 

1 p. Partly deciphered ; the cipher words are printed in 
italics. (II. 57.) 

WILLIAM [LORD] COBHAM to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Sept. 5. Cobham Hall. The courtesy you have shewn 
to my wife at Killingworth [sic] binds me alwaj^s to serve 
you. I am glad to hear that you have passed these dangerous 
months without sickness. 

All the Protestants about Dieppe are assembled at 
St. Albyn, 2 leagues from Dieppe, and are minded to repair 
to the Prince at Noyers. One came over yesterday from 
France who found in all places soldiers gathering for the King 
for the siege of Rochelle. 

All the garrisons on the frontiers of Flanders are gone to 
Maestricht. The Prince [of Orange] cometh not forthward. 

Alva has taken away the Allemans that were at Antwerp, 
and has put 600 Spaniards into the Castle and 6 Ensigns of 
Walloons into the town. 



131 

Postscript. The 2nd inst. one wrote that he heard proclaimed 
at Rouen that it was lawful for any to kill any Protestant that 
armed himself. 

1 p. Seal. (II. 61.) 

JOHN MEESHE to the EARL OF LEICESTER [?]. 

1568, Sept. 5. Antwerp. Advice has come from Cologne 
that the Prince [of Orange] has passed the Rhine. Van der 
Bergh left on Aug. 20th with 100 horse, and among them two 
Spaniards suspected as spies one was shot, the other fled, 
and two others were taken in the camp. 

On Aug. 30th the Prince's camp was at Duren whence he 
passed to St. Vyt ; whether he means to pass by Liitzenbourg, 
Namur, Luke [Liege] or Maestricht is doubtful. 

A Frenchman reported here that he saw Conde at Hennyng 
on the Lorraine coast with 5,000 horse, and there is a whispering 
here that he and Orange will meet, and that Orange will go 
towards Namur. 

The last of 10,000 horsemen are reported to have passed the 
Rhine on the 3rd inst. 

1 enclose copy of a proclamation made here on the 3rd on 
which a schoolmaster who absented himself, returned and was 
immediately put in prison. 

The Lords of Antwerp at the request of certain schoolmasters 
sent one of the secretaries to the Duke that they and other 
Burgesses who have absented themselves, showing themselves 
reconciled to the Catholic Church, might safely return, which 
message the Duke misliking said that they should have justice. 

The Bloody Commission, John de Vargas, a Spaniard born, 
John de Ryo, a Spaniard's son born in Bruges, the Procurer- 
General, and Secretary Misdach (with whom the Spanish 
Ambassador now in England is thought shall join) arrived 
here on Monday last and sit searching for some matter against 
some of those of the Town-house. 

1,200 handsome, well appointed Walloons under de Reux 
arrived on Friday last, and four ensigns more were looked for 
from Cortrecht. 

An Englishman, coming with a guide, being three leagues on 
this side of Maestricht was sent for back again to the Duke 
and carried bound. 

The Bishop of Luke, showing friendship to the Duke has so 
kindled his subjects against him as forsaking the town of 
Luke, he has placed himself in the castle at Huy. 

Postscript. Orange is reported to have entered the land of 
Luxemborg, where Count Mansfeld (whose son is fled for a 
murder) hath the government under the King. This report 
is confirmed on the Bourse. 

2 pp. (II. 65.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 
1568, Sept. 6. Paris. The Court stands in great perplexity, 
and I believe the Queen " forthinketh herself to have given so 



132 

attentive ear to the Cardinal of Lorraine." She told me that 
the King her son, was minded to have peace. These differences 
may only be appeased by a " Plein Interim," Conde not minding 
to trust the third time to the Edict. The gensdarmes not 
being paid are unwilling to return to these troubles, which 
greatly avails Conde, whose soldiers are men of action and 
fight resolutely for liberty of conscience. Men of judgment 
on this side perceive that these motions are only to content 
three or four Guizards, and declare how dangerous it is to 
follow Spanish humours, who are in hope by the common 
misery of this realm to make profit thereof, a thing as proper 
to the house of Austria as heat to fire. Carnyvallet has 
declared this to the Queen, which she took in good part. They 
now begin to fear a northern storm. Their own consciences 
accuse them of the injury offered to us, and by their mistrust 
show us what ought to be done. There has been talk of sending 
Duke Longueville to treat with Conde, who has taken in their 
return from here two Presidents of Toulouse, both admitted 
to the secrecy of the affairs here. He may draw from them 
by extremity what may not be obtained by fair means. They 
had instructions to proceed against the Protestants in the 
Parliament Court at Toulouse. 

Monsr. Grandmont and others in Gascony have declared 
for the Religion, and it is feared the Queen of Navarre will 
support the Prince. 

The King being still sick, the Queen was not willing I should 
present her Majesty's letters on behalf of the prisoners at 
Marseilles, but took them of me promising answer next 
day. The Physicians bled the King, but from fear or 
want of blood, none issued forth, and his arm began to swell. 
The next day the Queen with the Cardinals and Lords came 
from St. Maur to Paris and went in procession for his 
recovery. 

Yesterday one du Court, valet of the King's chamber, said 
that according to his promise to you he had drawn her Majesty's 
picture, one of his master, and two of your Honour. He sends 
them by Pierre Roulet, secretary to the Queen of Scots, a 
crafty fellow and greatly of Lorraine's counsel. 

The bearer's business considered has caused me to write 
more liberally, nothing doubting that he will unrip my 
letter. 

I understand no more of Chdtelherault's determination ; he is 
already departed. 

Postscript. The King's recovery is much doubted of at 
this instant. 

3 J pp. Partly cipher undeciphered ; the cipher words are 
printed in italics. (II. 67.) 

[Sir HENRY NORREYS] to the EARL OF LEICESTER [?]. 
1568, Sept. 9. Paris. The message from her Majesty was 
of them whom it most touched very ill accepted, though then 



133 

they made no answer. " The young Prince never understood 
afore so much of the Estate of his country as he did by her 
Majesty's good means." 

I shall have much to do to have my letters come safely 
to your hands. They have already imprisoned one taking 
away his letter which I sent to her Majesty which as yet 
I cannot recover. Your servant Barnaby is still prisoner only 
for sending a letter to Mr. Steward. The letter they have of 
mine is of importance ; the taking of the man was strange in 
time of peace. I wish they may find the like there [in 
England]. 

Jp. partly cipher, deciphered ; the cipher words are printed in 
ics. Part of this letter is in that of Norreys to Cecil of same 
date. [See CaL S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (II. 71.) 

WILLIAM [LORD] COBHAM to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

[1568,*] Sept. 10. Cobham Hall. I wrote to Mr. Secretary 
on the 8th inst. of the arrival of Cardinal Chatillon with 27 of 
his company, and none of estimation but one that is a Dean. 
He came yesternight to Canterbury, and tarries there all this 
day, until one return whom he has sent to the Court. 

I know not the Queen's pleasure, but have willed that as he 
passes, he may be well used. He has a matter to break 
to her Majesty touching this realm. He has very hardly 
escaped his enemies. 

I sent you a copy of a French letter translated of the true 
news of Orange and his confederates. 

The Prince has sent de Lionne and Vom Berghen to Lucke 
[Liege], and the estate of that country is at the Prince's 
devotion. The Bishop and Vitelli are at Huy. 
lj p. Seal. Enclosing 

The translation abovementioned. The horsemen are in the 
field and increase. The Prince is in person. The 
world marvels at his credit and the help he has out of 
Almain. He is now at Breissiche [Breisach] between 
Linz and Andernach, with the Count of Hooustraeton, 
and Vander Bergh one of the Landgraves with his two , 
bastard brethren the Earl of Barbe . . [torn] and the 
Signer de Vaulx. There is good store of ordinance, 
and they mean to march into the Low Countries. 
Alva fortifies Maestricht that the Prince may not pass 
the Meuse. 
J p. (II. 73 and 75.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1568, Sept. 14. Paris. The adversaries of God's word of 
late procured under seal an ordinance to revoke all the Edicts 
of Pacification and the last protection of the 2nd inst., but 
the negociation which her Majesty gave me in charge to them, 

* The year date is fixed by the notice of Cardinal Chatillon's arrival. 



134 

has been a bar therein, but they have secret devices to invade 
throughout France all ministers. I hope " the mine may light 
in their own laps." 

Only six persons were slain at Orleans not 4,000. The 
congregation being at sermon, guarded by soldiers, the 
inhabitants mutinied and intended to have slain them all. 
The captain of the warders fled, but those within defended 
the place while he raised force and rescued it. 

Postscript. What you willed me in your last to do I have 
made the party privy thereof, who thinks the time not con- 
venient. 

2 pp. Part of the postscript is in a letter of Norreys to the 
Queen, 1568, Sept. 15. \8ee Gal. of S.P. Foreign, Eliz.} (II. 79.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1568, Sept. 18. Paris. I praise God that, " when many 
pluck head out of collar," you manifest yourself one of his. 
You seem to lament that her Majesty should be driven to show 
herself more doubtful than heretofore." The Government here 
grows to better terms, and that is more perilous to your 
estate if it were not declared by Lorraine more of cruel spite 
than otherwise ; very lately he said that some of the noblesse [in 
England] should aid his enterprises, . . for though there be of 
his religion too many, yet not so ill-minded, I trust, as not to 
care for their country. But since the bruit thereof is so great, 
you will, my trust is, consider thereof accordingly. 

" Montmorency is very affectionate to her Majesty which I 
pray may not be forgotten, being one may stand her Majesty 
in great stead." 

There is bruit of a battle between Orange and Alva at 
Maestricht, and that Casimir joined with the Duke of 
Lunibrook [Luniberg] has 6,000 horse, but yet much doubted 
whether he will join Orange or come into France to Conde. 
Whereof these stand in great doubt and have sent the Duke 
d'Aumale to Metz to impeach their coming. 

| p. Partly cipher, deciphered ; the cipher words are printed 
in italics. (II. 81.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

[1568,] Sept. 25. Paris. To the same effect as letter to 
Cecil of this date. [See Cat. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.} 

There has been a skirmish between Dandelot and Martigues 
near Chateaubriant. The former has since passed the Loire. 
As he passed Nozon, a house of " Monsieur Le Grande Escuire " 
[Ecuyer] he rested and dined, and " bad him likewise to the 
like courtesy." 

H p. (II. 753.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 
[1568,] Sept. 30. Paris. Partly to the same effect as his 
letter of this date to the Queen. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.} 



135 

The King as the bruit is departeth towards Orleans in a 
week or ten days, leaving Alen9on and Montmorency to 
govern here. The King has heard that Martigues and many 
of his men have been slain near Chatillon by some companies of 
the Admiral's whom he had outraged. 

The Queen of Navarre is at Rochelle. 

1 p. (II. 597.) 

THOMAS [EARL OF] NORTHUMBERLAND to the EARL OF 
LEICESTER. 

1568, Oct. 19. Leckinfeld. Requesting an answer by the 
bearer, his cousin Vavasour, to his suit for license to travel 
abroad, and for the matter of the mines, in which the judg- 
ment was on the Queen's side, his counsel had not seen the 
records, which moved most of the best learned to think his 
title good. 

1J p. (II. 85.) 

Sir R[ALPH] BAGENALL to the LORDS [OF THE COUNCIL]. 

1568, Oct. 29. Warwick Lane. Advertisements from 
Antwerp of Oct. 23rd and 24th. 

The 16th the Duke's son arrived with 1,500 Spaniards. 

The 17th he left for his father's camp, but stayed at 
Louvain, the passage being dangerous, and returned to 
Mechlin, but sent two gentlemen to see if he might pass, for 
that he had letters of importance. They had not gone 
two leagues before they were taken, and, some report, executed. 

The Spaniards say that on 20th the Prince lost 3,000 men 
and the Duke three and ten hurt. 

The 21st de Reux left with his whole regiment for Brussels, 
so is neither watch nor ward here now. 

From Picardy 1,500 horses and 3,000 foot are come to the 
Prince's camp. 3,000 more foot and 600 horse are expected. 

The Prince has taken St. Truyen [St. Trond] and Leew, 
and may come to Tienen [Tirlemont] three leagues from Louvain, 
which is shut up ; the Duke means to come there soon. 

At St. Truyen the burgesses set open the gate, contrary 
to the mind of the clergy. The goods of the Spirituality were 
commanded to the Place and the abbot ransomed at 100,000 
dollars. 

The Prince has also taken Leew, and is said to have asked 
23,000 guilders, but the town is too poor to pay. Meaning to 
besiege Tienen he sent 3,000 arquebusiers to keep a bridge, 
to keep off the Duke, who slew 1,500 or 2,000 of the Prince's 
men, and entered Tienen, so say the Papists, and came to 
Louvain that night. 

It was also said that the Prince had taken Tienen, and slain 
the Duke's men there and that their general Berlamont's son 
was fled, also that 1,600 horse and 6,000 arquebusiers were 
near Brussels on Wednesday under de Lorges and de Mouy. 



136 

All the Walloons and 400 Spaniards left, these for Vilvorde, 
those for Brussels where two gates are rammed up by fear of 
siege. 

Some report the Princes' camp at Hocgarden, others at 
Waveren, a mile from Tienen. 

The Guilds keep ward at the gates and watch at the Town 
house at night. 

The Duke writes to the Lords of the Town that none is to 
be burnt unless he has been hoseled. 

The Prince is reported to have marched towards Nivelles. 
The Duke is at Lovayne. The former means to assault Brussels. 
The Electors will assist him because of the injustice done to 
Egmont and Horn. The Emperor dissuades them, saying the 
Earls were rebels. The Electors reply desiring the Emperor 
to desist from loans to the Kings of France and Spain and to 
consent to the Confession of Augsburg. He replies that he has 
sent for proof to Alva. 

De Reux left last Thursday for Brussels. 

I beg you to move Mr. Secretary and Mr. Mildmay in a debt 
of 1,00(M. owed to me by the late Andrew Wyse, Treasurer of 
Ireland. I can then pay her Highness 500 or 600Z. due by me. 

Where I pay her Majesty but 20 nobles yearly till the sum 
be answered, this way she shall be presently answered of 
the whole. 

4 pp. The last paragraph holograph. (II. 91.) 

ROBERT [HORNE, BISHOP or] WINCHESTER, to [the EARL OF 

LEICESTER ?]. 

1568, Oct. 29. Bishop's Waltham. Has been delayed in 
coming to Court by the foul weather and sickness in his house- 
hold. Promises an advowson to one of his Lordship's chaplains. 

1 p. (II. 95.) 

H. FRANCHIOTTO to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[15]68, Nov. 4. London. Recommending his compatriot 
Acerbo Villutelli. He was bringing from France at the writer's 
request a barrel of wine which was seized at sea ; prays that 
he may be favourably and speedily heard. 

1 p. Italian. (II. 97.) 

GUERAU d'EsFES to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Nov. 23. London. Sends his servant, James Burgues. 
to impart certain matters of moment on his behalf and prays 
that his Lordship will give credence to what he shall say. 

J p. Spanish. (II. 103.) 

HENRY CHAMPERNOWNE to the EARL OF [LEICESTER ?]. 

[1568], Nov. 28. Abbey of Lancastre near Poitiers. On the 
10th inst. Anjou arrived at Poitiers with 15,000 foot, 
6,000 horse and 20 guns, with the Duke of Guise, Brisac, 



137 

Martigo [Martigues] and Montpensier, having promised the 
King to defeat Conde and take Rochelle. On the 12th 
Montgomery offered battle before Chattelleroy, whither they 
retired. The 15th the Admiral meaning to lodge at Gasenne, 
[? Jazeneuil | heard of the arrival there of the King's army, 
and dislodged them. Early on the 16th they fled, and taking 
spoil to the value of 100,000 crowns, we pursued them to a 
castle called Lusignan. 

The 25th Guise, Brisac and Martigo advanced to attack 
Monsr. de Subbyso, and lost two men. On the 26th the 
Admiral marched to Pont d' San [Dissains], more than a league 
from Poitiers, and found Brisac with a river to back him, and a 
castle on the other side which he was forced to take for his 
defence ; he lost 200 men, and all his horse fled to Poitiers. 
[Cf. his letter to Cecil of this date in Cat. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 

2 pp. (II. 107.) 

Articles of Agreement between DENMARK and SWEDEN. 

1568, [Nov. 20. Articles for the Peace [of Stettin]. [See 
Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., under date.] 
(II. 233.) 

GEORGE GILPIN to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1568, Dec. 5. Antwerp, The Duke is at Cambarse 
[? Gateau Cambresis] and less talk there is of the breaking up 
his army, for Orange is still on the frontier, not far from Ham, 
attending Deux-Ponts, or to stay certain Allmains from going 
to serve the King in France. 

Aumale at Metz secretly went to sureprehend Deux-Ponts 
but he had gone ; and Aumale is said to have burnt the castle 
and villages. 

The nobles of Germany are still in Council at Cologne. 

The Archduke Charles is embarked at Genoa for Spain to 
marry the Princess of Portugal, the Spanish King's sister, 
after which he may come to govern these countries, or remain 
in Spain, and the King himself come hither. 

1J pp. (II. 113.) 

ODET, CARDINAL DE CHATILLON to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 6. Schin [Shene]. In view of the success of 
the enemy with their foreign forces, urges the importance of 
a despatch to be made to Strasburg by Cecil and Sir Grassen 
[Gresham]. 

1 p. French. (II. 115.) 



The SAME to 



1568, Dec. 7. Shene. Expressing annoyance that Chastelier 
has not performed his promise as to the goods of Acerbo 
Velutelli, bearer hereof ; has written to the Prince and the 
Admiral at Rochelle on the subject. 



138 

The matter touches him so closely that he will not be easy 
till recipient is satisfied. 

1J pp. French. Last paragraph holograph. (II. 123.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1568 [endorsement], Dec. 8. Parts. From the Loire Conde 
drew down again to Chatelherault, d'Anjou being near Poitiers. 
Joyeuse, the King's lieutenant in Languedoc, has joined 
Monsieur with young Sarlabois' regiment, and 28 ensigns of 
Gascony under Monluc. 

The King will not return to Orleans, but stay at Melun. and 
expects de Nemours to bring from the Lionois 4,000 Swiss, 
3,000 provincials, some Italians and 1,000 horse. D'Aumale 
has at Arnes 800 French, 3,000 foot and some Reiters, the 
rest being ready to come from Germany under the Rhinegrave 
and the Count of Westerburg. De Barbicieux has levied in 
Champagne 400 horse and 4,000 foot. 

In Picardy de Cosse has at La Fere on Oise, five leagues from 
St. Quentin, 1,500 horse and 2,000 foot. Paris has to furnish 
6,000 foot. The Ban and Arere-Ban are summoned, besides 
the force before Sanscerre, and divers horse from Beaux. 

The conditions that have passed between Francourt, Agent 
for Conde, and the Duke of Deux-Ponts are very beneficial for 
the Religion. 

The Religion here has had to find sureties for their behaviour. 

2J pp. Seal. Partly to the same effect as his letter to the 
Queen of the same date [Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.]. (II. 125.) 

ESTIENNE PERRET to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 14. London. Requesting payment of money on 
account of a lottery. 

J p. Italian. (II. 129.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568 [endorsement], Dec. 14. Paris. Sends a more full 
account of the skirmish at Lussignan, knowing that his last 
letter left an appetite to understand the truth of the last 
skirmish, and that accounts are exaggerated to appal such as 
pretend interest in the quarrel and to cause others to desist 
in their intention. 

On Nov. 26, d'Anjou with Martigues, Brisac and others 
going to Lussignan, three leagues from Poitiers, to force Conde 
back to Rochelle, being met by Montgomery thought them- 
selves the weaker party. Not to have the dishonour to retire 
upon sight of the enemy, Martigues placed a number of corslets 
on a hill with twelve drums, and two ranks of pikemen for show, 
and behind these a number of varlets, with vine stacks on 
their shoulders and matches in their hands, as though they 
had been arquebusiers. On the other side were all the horse 
ranged to make a fair show afar off, and d'Anjou in the midst 
of the way with 14 or 15 horsemen. Martigues thus thinking 



139 

to face out the enemy, desired d'Anjou to stand where he 
was, while he and Brisac charged. But Montgomery, knowing 
such ruses of wars, perceiving Martigues, charged on the foot 
with his infantry so furiously that Martigues and Brisac had to 
retire with loss 100 or 120 of their best soldiers, Monsieur and 
the rest being driven to the suburbs of Poitiers, and this done, 
had they followed their fortune, they had obtained the victory. 

On Dec. 4 the Prince's people took a castle called Bigare, 
two leagues from Chatelherault, and spoil worth 200,000 crowns, 
and the 5th besieged L'lle Bouchard and Clermont. He is now 
at Mirebeau, and is expected to besiege Saumur. D'Anjou has 
garrisoned all towns on the Loire from Amboise downwards. 

On the 7th the King sent Schomberg, an Allemain, to the 
Prince of Orange, then near Rheims, to persuade him to retire, 
promising him 300,000 francs to pay his soldiers, and 50,000 
francs for the year until the King had made means with the 
King of Spain to restore Orange to his former state. On 
Saturday last Schomberg returned with small comfort, but 
was sent again next morning. On the llth Orange was near 
Chateau Thierry, and Schomberg reports his forces to be 
11,000 horse Reiters, Walloons and Flemings, 8,000 foot, 
12,000 lansquenets, 1,500 French horse, 2,500 French foot with 
Genlis. Mouy, Morvillier, 16 pieces of artillery, and many 
chariots laden with munition. 

3J pp. (II. 133.) 

GlLLES DE VlLLE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 18. London. Refers to some chamber furniture 
which he wishes to sell for 800/. Her Majesty had ordered 
Sir Nicholas Throckmorton to bargain with the late Post- 
master * for some pieces, and therefore he had induced 
Madame d'Egmont to write to the Earl to bring them 
before her Majesty. In consequence of troubles he will accept 
450Z. If the price is accepted, he will send for the money 
being too ill to leave the house. 

1 p. French. (II. 137.) 

GIROLAMO FERLITO, minister of the Italian Church in London 
to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 18. London. Thanks the Earl for assistance, 
His Lordship shows a truly Christian nature. Has been 
ill with fever, and the Earl's goodness has been as the rain of 
heaven upon a burning city. 

1 p. Italian. (II. 41.) 

EDWARD HORSEY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 20, [Southampton. In coming down I saw the 
Bishop and some talk I had with him. I do not make relation 
thereof, for I have hurt my finger in such sort that I cannot 
write myself. " Concerning the matter I was employed for 

* (?)Sir John Mason, who had been in Brussels 1553 to 1556; he died in 
April, 1566. 



140 

hither, I have according to your order and direction used all 
speedy means I might to get into my hands all such treasure 
as was aboard a Spanish ship that I found within the River 
of Hampton. And after I had delivered her Majesty's letters, 
the Mayor having well perused them, we then devised what 
might be the best . . . way to come by the said treasure, and 
in this sort ... we proceeded thereunto. There is one lacomoe, 
an Italian, continually remaining in Hampton, who, as I am 
credibly informed hath authority to deal for the same ship, 
who at the first confessed that there was aboard fifty and nine 
cotters, and in each coffer 20,000 Spanish Royals. I also 
caused the Captain of the ship to be sent for and the very 
confession that lacomoe made he did the like verbatim. Then 
I declared unto them that the Queen's Majesty was credibly 
informed how certain Frenchmen and others* did mean to 
. . . bereft them of the foresaid treasure, wherefore her Majesty 
had sent me express to see the same in safety. Divers 
courtesies and Spanish phrases were used unto me then, and 
great thanks unto her Majesty. But when they heard me say 
that I would have the treasure brought into the town, that 
saying was nothing pleasant to them, and answered me that 
being assured of the favour of Caushot [Calshot ?] and of this 
town they could and would keep the treasure aboard, whereunto 
I did reply and said that if there should now come any mishap 
unto the said treasure, her Majesty might impute great 
negligence and fault in me ; wherefore for my own discharge 
I would have it brought into the said town where I durst be 
bold to answer the same ; so could I not do being aboard ; 
and when they heard my speke (sic) so earnestly, they yielded 
thereunto which was a good way for them, for I had so prepared 
as easily I would have had it, whether they would or not : 
and if it please your Honour to talk with my man he can 
declare unto you the means I had devised for the same. And 
in the end on Sunday in the evening the 59 coffers were delivered 
unto the custody of the Mayor, where they now remain and 
shall do until I have other direction from your Honour. The 
Captain of the ship after he saw that the treasure was taken 
out of his hands and lacomoe also, he began to fall out with 
God and with himself alleging great folly in himself to confess 
all, saying that he was indebted in this town for cloth victuals 
and divers other things that he had taken here, so in lamentable 
and humble sort he requested that he might have one of the 
coffers towards the payment of his said debts, and for his 
better relief here, for that he knew not how long he should 
remain within the said town, whereunto I answered my com- 
mission did not extend so far, but that I would leave lacomoe 
one coffer until such time as I knew your pleasure farther 
therein which if your Honour do not like well the said lacomoe 
standeth bound unto me for the redelivery thereof immediately 
upon your pleasure signified unto me." 
1 pp. (II. 143.) 



141 

[JOHN, LORD] HERBYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 22, London. A servant of the Bishop of Rosse 
has shewn me your Lordship desire th me to come to the Court 
this day, upon " some inopportune suit of the Earl of Murray's. 
My Lord, I am ready at the Queen Majesty of this realm's 
commandment or upon your Lordship's desire to come where 
she will command me. . . . For the Earl of Murray so long as he 
misknows his duty to his native Sovereign I will neither for 
his importuneness nor pleasure travel. But for my own truth 
and duty if it be to answer to such writings as first I read 
before your Honours at Westminster, the Queen Majesty's 
Commissioners, and after presented unto her Highness, I ad vow 
them ; . . . I have sent your Lordship herewith a copy as also 
a letter I received this day of the Lord Lindsay's with my 
answer to it. If need shall require my own presence to advow 
the same, it will please your Lordship to advertize this my 
servant, and I shall not fail to be there." 

| p. Seal. Enclosing, 

(1) PATRICK, LORD LYNDSAY, to [LORD HERRYS]. 

" I am informit that ye have spokin and affermit that my 
Lord Regent's Grace and his companie heir present wer 
giltie of the abhominable murther of umquahile the 
Kyng our Soverane Lordis father. Gif ye have swa 
spokin, ye have said untreulie and tharin leyit in your 
throte, guilk I will mantene (God willing) aganis yow 
as becamis me of honour and dewtie and heirupon 
I desyre your answer. Subscrivit with my hand at 
Kyngston the 21 day of December, 1568." 

(2) LORD HERRYS to [LORD LYNDSAY]. 

" I have sene ane writting of yours ye 22 of December 
and thairby understand ye ar informit that I have said 
and affermed the Erie Murray quhome ye call your 
Regent and his cumpanie ar gyltie of the Quenis husbands 
slauchter father to oure prince, and gif I said it, that 
I have leit in my throte, guilk ye will mantene aganis 
me as becummis yow of honour and dewtie. In respett 
thay have accusit the Quenis Majestie myne and your 
native souvereigne of that foull cryme fer by the dewtie 
that goode subjectes aut or evir hes bene sene to have 
done to thare native soverane, I have said thair is of that 
companye present with the Erie Murray giltie of that 
abhominable tressun in the foirknowlege and consent 
thairto, that ye wer privie to it, Lord Lindsay, I know 
nocht and gif ye will say that I have specialie spoken of 
you ye leid in your throte and that I will defend as 
of my honor and dewtie becumis me. Bot let aucht of 
the principallis that is of thare subscry ve ye like writting 
ye have send to me and I shall poynt thame furtht and 



142 

fecht with some of the travellers tharin fer me test it 
is that travellers sould pay for thare awin tressune. 
Off London this 22 Decembris, 1568." 
1 p. (II. 145, 149.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1568 [endorsement], Dec. 26. Melun. The news of the 
evacuation of Mirebeau came the day after the procession 
which followed the fire in the Queen's lodging. Fighting is 
expected at London, there being such penury in the King's 
camp that desertions are likely. Orange is at Bar-sur-Oise. 
A message has been sent to him from the King, who was going 
to Montereau-sur-Yonne, but now stays here. De Nemours has 
orders to besiege Sancerre. He has the old Piedmont garrison. 

He sent to the Prince's camp one Standen who desires by 
his service now to the Queen to make recompense at hazard 
of his life for his former follies. The passages are so strait! y 
kept that many have lost their lives of late on like enterprise. 

Is sorry for the trouble the Queen and the Earl have with 
Scotch affairs. 

2| pp. Seal. Part in cipher, undeciphered ; the cipher words 
printed in italics. Partly to the same effect as his letters to the 
Queen and Cecil of same date [Cal. 8. P. Foreign, Eliz.] (II. 119.) 

Sir THOMAS GRESHAM to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 29. London. Desires the Earl to remember the 
matter of Asserbo Velutelie from whom Monsieur Chattillon 
took 69 tuns of wine, which cost him the first penny 5001. 
sterling. The Cardinal promised to pay at Rochelle, and 
the Earl offered to send some of his own men there to receive 
the money. In view of dangers by land and sea his suit is 
that the Earl will see him paid here at four or six months' end, 
the Cardinal to be bound to the Earl or Sir Thomas for payment. 

On Thursday Mr. Stringer will wait on the Earl for the 
writer's own matter. 

1 p. (II. 153.) 

JOHN [LESLIE, BISHOP or] ROSSE, to the EARL or LEICESTER. 
1568, Dec. [endorsement]. " Sonday at morrow, Kingstoune. 
I have conferrit at lenth with Lord [?] quha hes shawn me of ye 
purposeis had yesternyt be your L. and my L. Duik with ye 
Erll of Murray, be ye qlk. I onderstand ye appointtment to be 
laid alredy to him, and ye maner yairof that he suld governe in 
my maistres' nayme during hir absens, bot he wald one na 
wayis content yairwith and yat it appeirit ye nairest he wald 
be brocht unto to governe in ye King and Quenis nayme joint 
togidder quhilk appeiris to me to be verray strange for sic ane 
maner of governement was never yit uset, yat tuo suld regne 
in one trourie. les nor it war alter ius annis as did Romulus and 
Remus quhilk had na gude ishew, and yerfore it semis sumpart 
monstruous, and safar as I onderstand my maistres will newir 



143 

content with ony kynd of dres les nor sho reyne hir allone in 
tytill, and as to ye usage of ye governement and all uyeris 
particulariteis I beleiff hur mate, will use ye consell of ye 
quenis matie. heir before all uyeris, quhilk I declarit of my 
opinion to ye quenis matie. one Fryday, quharwith it seemit 
to me hir matie. stude content. Referring alwayis to ye 
consell of your 1. and uderis nobill menn quhom hir matie. 
wald caus trawell yarintill. Heirfore I besech your 1. to 
informe ye quenis matie. apone yis pointt that her Hienes may 
be ye better resolvit to talk with ye uyer party, quha cann 
hafe noder dishonour nor skaith in condiscending heirto, bot 
be ye contrar my maistres will suffer mony inconvenientis 
yairthrow to lose ye half of hir troune besyid ye dishonour in yis 
case. This far I was homelie to wreitt to your 1. to forvarne 
in tyme of ye purpose at leist of my sempill opinione." 
1 p. Seal. (II. 157.) 

Louis DE BOURBON [PRINCE DE CONDE] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1568, Dec. 30. Touars in Poytou. Thanks the Earl for 
what he has heard by Mr. Steward of his good will to the 
cause and for his influence with the Queen, and hopes to repay 
him for this. He requests him to assure the Queen of the 
gratitude of his party. He will send in five or six days a despatch 
to her relating their successes, the enemy having retreated 
with loss of men and baggage. The Cardinal Chatillon will 
communicate news thereof. Expressions of gratitude. 

H pp, French. The last five lines holograph. Seal. (II. 161.) 

CHRISTOPHER HODDESDON to the EARL OF LEICESTER and 
Sir WILLIAM CECIL. 

[1568.] Being apprentice with Sir George Barnefs], late 
Alderman of London, was put to the service of the Russian 
Company, in England from 1553 to 1555, afterwards at 
Novorogod, then had sole charge at Moscow, then was Chief 
Agent in Russia for 2 years. He returned to England a poor 
man after 8 years' service, and in 1566 was sent by the 
Company to the Nerva, and again in " this last year," gaining 
50 per cent, for them. He has now been charged in open 
Court, and abashed with the presence of their Honors with 
incontinence, which he denies, with giving evil counsel, and 
with occupying privately for himself when last at the Nerva. 
As to the second, when he wrote to Glover, the Agent, who 
owed him money, he knew that the Company tolerated private 
traffic of William Aborough, in great sums compared with the 
trifle of furs he wrote to Glover for : as to the third a 
Frenchman Maturine Ellys shipped in Hoddesdon's name a 
parcel of wax. On his return to London he told the Governor 
Alderman Haywarde. He trusts the Company will withdraw 
the penalty of 100Z., and prays their honours to move them 
to pardon him for all that is passed. 

2J pp. (II. 745.) 



144 

Sir HENRY NOEREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[1568-9, endorsement,] Jan. 1. Paris. Partly to same 
effect as his letter to the Queen of this date [S.P. Foreign, 
Eliz.~\. Orange is now between Vitry and Chaumont, having 
passed his artillery over the Marne on Dec. 22. 

At Meulx are 4,000 Swiss, 5 cornets of horse and 7 ensigns 
of foot. De Nemours' forces at Nevers are esteemed to be 
6,000 foot and 1,000 horse. D'Aumale and de Cosse are 
ordered to be ready. 

[In another hand.] According as you advised me I have 
sent to the Admiral. I wish the messenger a good return. I 
beseech your Honour to have in good remembrance Mr. Francis 
Parlandes who very friendly travailed for a license for Nicholas 
your cook to transport wine for your provision, as also the 
pains to search out the mullets I sent you. 

2J pp. Partly in cipher deciphered ; the cipher words are 
printed in italics. (II. 169.) 

GEORGE [EARL OF] SHREWSBURY to [the EARL OF 

LEICESTER]. 

1568-9 [endorsement], Jan. 7. Tutbury. I received adver- 
tisement from Mr. Secretary at Nuneaton 20 miles from 
Tutbury for my stay at home till I hear further of the Queen's 
i Majesty's pleasure. The Queen of Scots coming to my charge 
will make me soon gray-headed. May it please her Majesty 
to give me leave to come up to speak with her though I tarry 
not past a day. If I might know the certain day of the Queen 
of Scots coming here, I could leave such directions with my 
officers as they should be as well done as though I were there 
present, and I think if I come from the Court but a day or 
two before her coming it will be best. 
1 p. Holograph. (II. 173.) 

Sir WILLIAM DORMER to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9 [endorsement], Jan. 7. Westminster. Nothing 
doubting but that the allegations against his daughter [Anne, 
Lad} r ] Hungerford* will prove untruly practised, and persuaded 
by his counsel that little advantage is to be had for these 
defamations, he purposes to have such expedition used as may 
stand with the orders of that Court, and, she once cleared, 
to bring the whole matter into the Star Chamber to have 
order of redress for such slanders. From the Earl's favourable 
inclination she has conceived just cause of comfort. Her sister, 
the Duchess of Feria, will have like consideration thereof. 

1 p. Seal. (II. 175.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1568[9], Jan. 10. Paris. To the same effect as his letter 

to the Queen of this date [S.P. Foreign, Eliz. The answer 

of Orange to Schomberg is given in Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., 1568, 

Dec. 21]. 

* She was charged with an attempt to poison her husband. 



145 

Conde has released the Grand Escuyer, who has given 
assurance to present himself within three months, or forfeit 
20,000 pistolets for ransom. This has bred some bruit of peace. 

Postscript [in another hand, partly in cipher deciphered, cipher 
words printed in italics]. On receipt of the Earl's letter he 
sent a messenger forthwith to the Admiral who as yet is not 
returned. God be his speed, his enterprise is great. 

2 pp. (II. 179.) 



1568[-9, Jan. 10]. Paper endorsed " Spanish Ambassador's 
Declaration upon treasure detained by Queen Elizabeth." 
[See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., under above date.] 
6 pp. Seal three feathers. (II. 245.) 

EDMUND [GRINDAL, BISHOP OF] LONDON, to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1568-9, Jan. 12. Fulham. Concerning one Smythe, who 
in Queen Mary's time had affirmed the Arian heresy, and now 
cloaks it, but confesses that he has not eaten flesh from last 
Easter to the day of his examination before the Bishop and 
Commissioners, who required him to make a declaration in 
Westminster Church for purging himself. On his refusal he 
was committed, but set at liberty for a time to deliberate. 
It is not enough if he renounce the heresy before the Earl or 
the Bishop, for the Arians of the time recant openly, and 
secretly maintain their religion. 

1J pp. (II. 181.) 

[HENRY BARON] HTJNSDON to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9 [endorsement], Jan. 15. Cold Berwick. " There 
was ever incident to this office [Governorship of Berwick] 
divers tithes for the provision of their house and horses, which 
was by my Lord Gray for a piece of money, and by my Lord 
of Bedford not caring for the rest, suffered to be taken by 
lease." Begs that her Majesty will bestow on him the 
Captaincy of Norham, vacant by the death of Mr. Norton. 
Sir Harry Percy never comes there. Though the entertain- 
ment is only 501. it will stand the writer in great stead. 

The Earls of Huntley and Argyle are come to Glasgow 
to keep a parliament or council there, and have made pro- 
clamation in their Queen's name for all men from 16 to 60 
to be in readiness upon an hour's warning, with 20 days 
victual, to withstand the Earl of Murray and the English. 
The Hamiltons and the Hepburnes have besieged a house of 
the Earl of Murton's called Wawhton, and Lord Hume is 
gone to rescue it. Would hear how the Earl's hawks do, but 
thinks he is so busied that he has small pleasure of them. 

1 p. Holograph. (II. 187.) 



146 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, Jan. 15. Paris. To the same effect as his letter to 
Cecil of this date [S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] " This day as I under- 
stand from the Court the King is removed from Monceaulx to 
Chateau Thierry not being yet known whether he will take from 
thence to Troyes or Chalons. He maketh his great speed 
to have his army in the field before the Prince doth join with 
the- Duke of Deux-Ponts. What shall fall out of these great 
preparations your honour shall understand as good truth by 
my next, for I intend out of hand to go from hence and follow 
the King." 

Wishes to be advertised of the continuation of quiet in 
England which is otherwise reported in Paris. '* Yet because 
the Regent continues there I cannot till her departure thence 
but live in fear of Queen of England's good estate, wherefore of 
God I wish her well rid thence. To convey safely that I received 
with your letters of 22 December I will use what diligence 
may be though divers of my wonted friends be now straightly 
imprisoned for the Religion whom I was wont to use in this 
behalf." 

3 pp. Seal. Partly in cipher deciphered ; the cipher words 
are printed in italics. Endorsed: " 15th January 1568, Sir 
Henry Norryce." (II. 193.) 

HENRY [EARL OF] ARUNDEL to DON GTTERAU d'EspES. 

1568[-9], Jan. 16. Nonsuch. [Copy : for the original see 
Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., under date.] 
(II. 195.) 

DE LA MOTHE FENELON [French Ambassador] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1569, Jan. 16. London. Requesting exemption from duty 
on account of 35 " tonneaux " of wine. 

p. French. Seal. Misplaced in Pepysian collection, 
(II. 359.) [Compare Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz. ; Jan. 11 and 15.] 

MATTHEW [PARKER, ARCHBISHOP OF] CANTERBURY, to the 
EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9 [endorsement], Jan. 17. Lambeth. Referring to 
the Queen's wish that Dr. Newton should be preferred to the 
Prebend at Canterbury late Mr. Newton's. Being there last 
week, he had appointed a poor man, yet Master of Arts, and 
doing good service in the office of the Ecclesiastical Judge 
there, and he is already possessed therein. 

J p. Seal. (II. 199.) 

E[LIZABETH COUNTESS OF] SHREWSBURY to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1568-9 [endorsement], Jan. 21. Tutbury. " Your Lord- 
ship's letters directed unto my lord my husband and to me 



147 

in his absence bearing date the 14 of this instant month of 
January was not delivered unto me before the 20 day of the 
same at six of the clock in the evening. Surely my L. I was 
much grieved because there was no more haste with delivery 
of the said letters considering the weighty and great causes 
depending thereupon, and my humble duty and service to be 
shewed in the despatch of such things as the Queen's Majesty 
requireth to have in readiness within Tutbury Castle, the 
house being unready in many respects for the receiving of 
the Scottish Queen coming at sudden. I have caused work- 
men to make forthwith in readiness all such things as is most 
needful to be done before her coming and God willing I shall 
cause forthwith three or four lodgings to be furnished with 
hangings and other necessaries and rather than I should not j 
with true and faithful heart answer the trust reposed by the 
Queen's Majesty I will lack furniture of lodging for myself." 

1 p. Holograph. 

At back in pencil apparently contemporaneous, in another 
hand, " I shall by twelve goo to diener. If not I will stay heare 
but to prevent it I will still stay heare." Also alphabets in 
ink. (II. 203.) 

F[RAN9OIS] DUG DE MONTMORENCY to [the EARL OF 

LEICESTER?], 

1569, Jan. 22. Chantilly. Thanking him for a letter and for 
enquiries about his health. Has been ill four months but 
better for a fortnight. Is most grateful for kindness shown 
to him. 

1 p. French. (II. 185.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1569, Jan. 22. The ports being so strictly kept, I doubt 
whether my letter will reach you. I desire to advertize you 
" that Spain, Alva, the Queen Mother and Lorraine are resolved 
to give the Allemains Metz so that they will take no part with 
the Protestants of France, nor with the Queen's ma tie , which you 
must prevent in time, and let the Allemains . . . have speedy 
word of this their purpose, who as your Honour well knoweth 
are men mercenary and to be won with gifts." According to your 
orders I have sent to the Conde as also Orange, but in despair 
of their return, so many having perished in these miserable 
times. 

| p. Partly in cipher deciphered ; the cipher words are 
printed in italics. Unsigned and without address. (I. 413.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
[1568-9 endorsement], Jan. 25. Paris. To the same effect 
as his letter to Cecil of this date. [See Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 
3 pp. Endorsed : Sir Henry Norryce 25 Jan., 1568. (II. 207.) 



148 

EDM[TTND GRINDAL, BISHOP or] LONDON to [the EARL OF 

LEICESTER ?]. 

1568-9, Jan. 27. London. In favour of Mr. Douglas being 
received into the number of the Earl's chaplains. He had 
preached at Paul's Cross in King Edward's time with good 
commendation. 

J p. Wrongly endorsed " Edwin Sandys." (II. 211.) 

HENRY CHAMPERNOWNE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9, Feb. 9. " New Yorke " [Niort]. To the like effect 
as one to Cecil of Feb. 6. [See Cal 8.P. Foreign, Eliz.] (II. 109.) 

DOCTOR JOHN PEERS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9, Feb. 24. Chester. On his journey hither he had 
knowledge of a Popish Spanish practise, spread abroad by 
the lieges of Spain secretly conveyed to divers fit for that 
purpose, after the form of a proclamation, the copy whereof 
he sends, and will declare the circumstances more plainly 
at his coming to Court in Passion Week next. 

1 p. (II. 219.) 

ADVICES out of HOLLAND, DENMARK AND SWEDEN. 

[1568-9, February?* Hamburg.] Alva has changed his 
garrison at Groningen, sending there six Ensigns of Walloons 
and removing the old garrison to Luxemburg. 

He hath not as yet any ships about Groningen to let 
the traffic of Emden, nor any ships in Holland ready for sea. 
This is reported by a merchant who came here from Antwerp 
through Holland. 

About six weeks past a ship and all the company thereof 
was lost upon the coast of Holland ; whereof some men were 
cast ashore wearing gold chains ; with them were found letters 
to Alva ; they were perhaps an Embassy from the Scotch 
Papists. 

Alva levies here 3,000 horse, whereof Eric, Duke of Bruns- 
wick, is general. He has already sent two barrels with dollars 
to Breame for payment of their prest money. He also looks 
for 10,000 Italians. 

Our merchants are extremely dealt with at Amsterdam. 

No merchandise may be sent to this town, or elsewhere, 
out of the Low Countries unless the owners give bond that 
they shall not be employed upon the English. 

Of the horse named above Duke Eric leads 2,000, and 
Francis the younger Duke of Saxony 1,000. He dwells here 
beside Hamburg. They had their prest money in January, 
and stand bound till the end of April and further if the Duke 
shall then have need of them. The Dukes John and Charles 
with the nobles of Sweden, understanding that the King had 

* Before Coode's death at Jarnac, on March 13, 



149 

conspired their deaths for misliking his marriage and ill 
government, besieged him at Stockholm. Contrary to his 
will the town was yielded to them, and he, his wife and 
children were committed to the Castle. In the late wars he 
had to com his plate. 

The Swedish navy consists of 70 great ships, is very strong 
and always ready. 

Duke John is reported to have been crowned on New Year's 
Day. He has lately victualled Warburg, a town of his in 
the King of Denmark's country, and made three new forts 
on his Danish frontier, and no good effect is expected from 
the peace, which was dissembled by the Swedes because the 
sea being frozen, the Danes could attack them on foot. 

Hamburg and the other free towns are not anxious for 
this peace, having been threatened by the Danes and the 
Duke of Holste. 

On the bruit that our merchants come here, and since 
the restraint of traffic between England and Flanders, some 
merchants of the Low Countries have become burgesses of 
this town. 

Hoseus, Cardinal of Poland, has lately placed Jesuits in 
all his diocese which frontiers upon Danzig, intending to do 
the like there. They of the town withstood them and have 
incurred the King's anger. 

Casimir, son of the Count Palatine, levies 6,000 horse for 
Conde. 

Our merchants here learn from those who came from the 
Nerva that Mr. Randall and his companions were straightly 
used in Moscow through the information of the factors for 
the Company there, Glover and his complices. 

Her Majesty is so well beloved here that she could have 
men if she required. 

The Earl Bodwell [Bothwell] was within two months at 
Malmoze in Schonland [Schonen], where he and his company 
have liberty, but they remain there upon the King of Den- 
mark's command. 

21 pp. (II. 229.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

[1569,] March 5. Metz. " / sent my servant Mitti to the 
camp with the letters of Sincerity* who returning brought no 
answer in writing as he will declare unto you. But the premises 
considered I being here at Metz find the passages so straitly 
kept "by D'Aumale as it is not likely he hath been there whereof 
I pray your honour examine him straitly and found to be faulty 
let him return hither, for being privy hereunto he may do me 
displeasure and greatly hinder her Majesty's service. 

* Sincerity is shown to be either the Prince of Orange or Cond6, byNorreys' 
letter to Cecil of this same date (see Gal. 8, P. Foreign), and as Orange has 
another symbol, this must be Cond6. 



150 

" The Feb. 27 one Peter Clare of great credit with the Allemans 
declared unto me that lie did earnestly wish that no other matter 
might be moved to them than the cause of religion at your first 
entry with the Allemans. This man seemeih very affectionate 
to the Queen though he receive Spain's pension. And I think 
his service that way might stand Her Majesty in stead. Truly 
Sir here it is usual one man to take sundry fees.' 9 

I am very sorry to understand by your last that the Papists 
begin there so greatly to affect the Queen of Scots, because being 
an enemy to our religion and I much doubt a scant friend to our 
country if she may pleasure Spain by seeking our hindrance. 
God send you to have good regard to the Papists. The Queen 
of Scots hath written hither forasmuch that her troublesome 
affairs hath fallen out greatly to her honor and to the shame of 
her enemies, whereof I heard nothing from thence, but these 
was sent to Madame Carniuallet her great friend ; having 
forgotten myself, and troubled you herewith, it may please 
you to understand that yesterday the Marshal of D'Aumale's 
camp came hither and reported that Orange and Deux-Ponts 
are on this side of the Rhine with 15,000 horse and 30,000 
foot. 

There are 18 [sic] galleys ready for sea, 12 from the Pope 
and King Philip and 16 from this King, to trouble Scotland 
whereby you shall be leisureless to give aid hither, your 
neighbour's house being set on fire. If you rid the Queen 
of Scots out of your country and isle delivering her to the 
Regent, it shall be safety to her Majesty and quietness to our 
country. 

1J pp. Partly cipher deciphered ; the cipher words are 
printed in italics. (II. 571.) 

The REGENT JAMES STEWART [endorsement] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1568-9, March [11 endorsement]. Stirling. On his home- 
coming he found the noblemen at Stirling so irritated with 
the depredations and libels of their adversaries that it behoved 
them either to prepare a force, or yield the whole action without 
show of resistance. Since then Chatelherault has proclaimed 
a commission whereof he sends copy enclosed. Certain 
articles, copy enclosed, have also been dispersed among their 
faction that the matter is already composed. They have set 
at liberty, on strict conditions, Lord St. John and others. 
Lenity has wrought harm ; he will therefore proceed without 
conformity be offered by them. He reminds the Earl of 
what was bargained between Mr. Pellem and himself before 
his departure. The stay of the same may do harm. Certain 
of her Majesty's own should be there to inform the truth 
of the affairs of that State and to resolve things which being 
but lies may be esteemed as veritv. 

1 p. Signature torn off. Seal. (II. 223.) 



151 

HENRY KYLLIGREW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9, March 11. Hamburg. Was stayed at Harwich 
by lack of wind till 20th Feb. and by the ports being frozen 
tUl the 6th inst., and so was nearly a month coming from 
London, and trusts his goodwill to use speed on his urgent 
errand may be considered. Proceeds the next day by Prank- 
fort to Heidelburg almost 15 days dangerous journey, and 
sends enclosed such news as he has learnt. 

[Postscript in his own hand.] Since sending his packet the 
day before has recovered the copy of the articles drawn 
between Denmark and Sweden, which are not concluded nor 
like to take effect this year. The Prince of Orange is by 
report at Strasburg, and hath cassed his army, so that the 
country is full of thieves, so that the worst of the writer's 
journey is not past. 

1 p. (II. 227.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [CECIL ?]. 

[1569,] March 15. Metz. The messenger Mitty whom I 
despatched by your Honour's command to the camp with letters 
from " Sincerity " to Mowy has betrayed the secret to the 
Cardinal of Lorraine, and received 300 crowns reward. 

I have lately received letters to the Prince of Orange from 
the Prince [of Conde] earnestly requiring him to hasten to the 
Loire and give no ear to peace for thereby they would make 
traps to take them. 

Orange marches towards the French. Conde is at Niort. 
My own letters have been intercepted for the third time since 
I have been at Metz ; it were better to have no Ambassador. 
I pray to be revoked. Montmorency has displaced the soldiers 
of Soissons, Compiegne and Senlis and placed such as he thought 
good. Wherefore it is hoped that he will be an aid to the Prince 
and thereby keep his own house in safety which otherwise will 
be ruined. 

1J p. Partly in cipher undeciphered ; this is abridged and 
printed in italics. (II. 573.) 

Sir R[ALPH] SADLER to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1568-9, March 21. The Duchy House at the Savoy. 
Now going into the country is grieved to see her Majesty 
pretermitting the opportunity given her of God to prevent 
imminent dangers. Whether it be best for her to sit still 
in hope of peace, or to enter into war is a principal question 
to be soluted. An uncertain peace and with such feigned 
friends is to breed a mortal war. The Kings of Spain and 
France will be loth to break or fall out with the Queen because 
the time does not serve them. If they establish the Romish 
religion in their dominions, if Conde and Orange for lack of 
aid in time be overthrown, these feigned friends will seek 
to annoy this realm ; the Reformation of Religion in England is 
the next mark they have to shoot at ; they will try to set up 



152 

in the Queen's place a Papist, a wicked Jezebel which is here 
in England. If the lending of a little money may help to 
prevent it, the Queen should not stick nor stay at it. If she 
gave twice so much to that end, it would be well bestowed, 
for she may otherwise be enforced to spend ten times so much 
for her own safety. It would be good policy to nourish this 
faction beyond the seas. She should follow the steps of her 
father, who when the Duke of Bourbon moved rebellion 
against Francis, King of France, sent Lord Bedford's father 
with money to nourish that faction, and sent the writer into 
Scotland to entertain a party for him, which cost 10,OOOZ. 
bestowed by Sadler. But now her Majesty shall maintain 
no rebels, but such as be afflicted for God's cause, being true 
subjects to their Prince. She should declare herself to be an 
enemy to the persecutors of God's Gospel, she should put her 
realm in order for defence and offence, should have an eye to 
Scotland, should confederate with the Princes of Germany, 
should aid with money Conde and Orange, should arm a few 
ships. Her enemies' own people shall spend their lives and 
goods in her peril, and where she gives or lends a pound, 
they shall spend ten of their own. And if in God's cause 
she does this with a pure conscience, He will give her strength 
and power. The Earl and the other lords of the council 
have laid these things, and more, before her. I "show my 
grief that your good counsel is not embraced." 
4 pp. (II. 239.) 

A letter from Strasburg to the PALSGRAVE [endorsement]. 

[1569,] March 23. Strasburg. Account of the movements 
of Conde, Deux-Ponts and others, and of the prsopects of 
peace. 

Copy. Latin. 1 J pp. [In pencil on 'back.] Elizabeth Evelyn. 
(II. 587.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, March 24. Metz. To the same effect as the 
Ambassador's letter to Cecil of the same date [S.P. Foreign, 
Eliz.]. Finally requests the Earl's influence for his recall, or at 
least for a letter from the Queen for his wife's return with her 
children and family, and that her Highness' packets both 
going and coming may have free passage. These injuries 
have been done since the arrest of the Spanish Ambassador. 

2J pp. partly in cipher deciphered. Year date given in 
endorsement. [The letter to Cecil shows that it was 1568-9, not 
1569-70.] (II. 365.) 

MATTHEW PARKER, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY [endorse- 
ment] to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569 [endorsement], March 31. Lambeth. Having deferred 
my answer, now having received certificate from Merton 



153 

College, I can more particularly determine with your favour. 
Divers requests have been made unto me for this office,* 
amongst whom my Lord of Bedford by word and letters 
signified his desire. He moveth me to have consideration 
for the benefit of the College and whole University. Having 
letters from Dr. Cooper I have condescended upon such a one 
as I trust shall work the advancement of the University, 
and so finally to your honour and more quiet to yourself. 
And specially to the finishing of all controversy in that house 
whereby they shall grow the sooner to riper knowledge, and I 
be delivered from intolerable trouble which I have sustained 
from them this whole ten years from time to time. The 
party whom I do like is comparable in every respect with 
the best named unto me yet, and being such a one as hath 
served the Queen's Majesty as oft as any other of them. And 
I know what service he hath done otherwise in the state of 
religion and being one of my chaplains. And moreover 
named to me before I heard the names of such as be now 
hot suitors. I pray your Lordship to give me liberty to 
suppress that long faction in the house, which respect aforesaid, 
as I will answer before God, and to my Prince, hath moved me 
thus to consider, though that I am sorry I do not at this time 
gratify the desires of such whom I would be glad to pleasure. 
1 p. Signature torn off. Impression of seal. (II. 253.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW. 

[1569, April.] Account of Henry Killigrew's journey from 
Hamburg to Heidelberg. [Identical with his letter to Cecil of 
1569, April 6.] He adds that the Duke of Wurtemberg is long 
dead, leaving a son of 15 as ward of Deux-Ponts, the Marquis 
of Brandenberg, and one of the Marquises of Baden. 

Deux-Ponts entering France by Montbeliard goes towards 
the Loire to join Conde. 

Our Ambassador in France has had a packet intercepted 
wherein were letters to the Cardinal of Chatillon, and since 
that time is straitly looked to. Orange has entered France 
with Deux-Ponts. 

De Muoy is chieftain of the French since the death of 
Genlis of pleurisy beside Strausburg. 

Monsr. de Cormallon deceased of the like disease. 

While the King was at Metz the Protestant Church there 
was razed, and a bruit spread that Conde and Montgomery 
were slain, the Admiral hurt and their power overthrown. 
Bells were rung. Yet messengers are gone to hasten the 
Flemings under Mansfield and the Marquis of Baden, 
whereby some collect that the Prince won. Vielleville conveyed 
six ministers out of the town at night by a postern. The Elector 
of Sax has revoked his subjects who were serving the Kings 
of Spain and France. The Elector wills me to say that the 
Marseilles galleys are sent for to the ocean seas, and a pirate 

* The Deanery of Gloucester was then vacant. See p. 161 below. 



154 

hired from Barbary to burn our ships. The Cardinal of 
Lorraine said that if the Queen of England meddled in these 
troubles, the Papist lords there had promised to rebel and 
elect a Catholic King. ' 

The Elector Palatine is to marry Brederode's widow, and 
his son Casimir the Elector of Saxon's daughter. 

Many nobles of Hungary are revolted to the Vaivode a 
Protestant from the Emperor, who having lost a castle to 
the Turks is expecting an attack from the Vaivode. 

The French King has pledged in Venice a jewel worth 
200,000 crowns for 50,000. 

Alva sent for the chief ship-master in Holland to know 
in what time 20 good ships could be armed to the seas. The 
reply was that it would require six months. 

Conde's agent de Lambres is much vexed that I have no 
orders for the money he hath expected for 3 months. This 
sum I guess to be the money paid to Chatillon. If so, it is 
great fault to the ministers who have dealt therein. 

5J pp. (II. 257.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, April 6. Heidelberg. A letter almost identical with 
that to Cecil in S.P. Foreign, Eliz., of same date; enclosing 
postscript in which he says that he has had speech with this 
good and virtuous Prince [Frederic the Pious, Elector Palatine] 
about his Lordship. 

1J pp. Holograph. Traces of seal. (II. 263.) 

JAMES [PILKINGTON, BISHOP OF] DURHAM to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1569 [endorsement], April 14. In reply to a request to 
grant to Marmaduke Blacston a new advowson of the Hospital at 
Greatam, the old to be surrendered by Mr. Tempest, who had the 
advowson to the use of one man only. This priest is unwilling 
to accept Mr. Tempest's terms, and the latter would not 
bestow it on Blacston. Tempest has a lease for 7 years, and 
kept a good house for gentlemen, but not so many poor, nor 
so well used, as the foundation requires. The Bishop had 
tried to get this lease redeemed. If it were at his free dis- 
posing, and he could find another Lever (to whom he had 
given such another [Sherburn] hospital) he would give it to 
him. The place was ever furnished with a learned man. The 
county needs both learned men and zealous in religion. 

1J pp. (II. 265.) 

FREDERIC, ELECTOR PALATINE to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, April 17. Heidelberg. John Junius, my Councillor, 
whom I sent to England lately, has reported your kindness 
to him and the talk you had with him about the troubles of 
the times, from which I have learned your prudence, piety 



155 

and religion. And from your position I rejoice the more that 
you have these virtues, by which many not very secure, but 
otherwise not bad men, will be helped to promote the Kingdom 
of Christ and to overthrow the bloody designs of the Pope. 
Wherefore I hope that you may show yourself zealous and 
ready to help these endeavours, and I likewise will help you. 
f p. Latin. Seal. (II, 269.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL or LEICESTER. 

[1569,] April 18. Metz. The morning that Mytty should 
be returned as requested by the Earl, he wrote that he would 
go serve the Cardinal of Lorraine and departed. If Throgmorton 
would write to him that nothing was meant to his hurt, he might 
return. The man that discovered this treason [of Cardinal 
Lorraine] would like a good gelding. Sends a letter from 
Liddell which he cannot read, not having the like letters in 
his cipher. There is rumour of a defeat given by the Admiral 
to Monsieur D'Anjou, but no one is allowed speech with 
couriers who come in. 

[Of. letter to Cecil of same date in Col. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 

1J pp. Trace of seal. (II. 575.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

[1669,] April 28. Verdun. [The matter hereof is contained 
in his letter to Cecil of this date, see Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 
| p. Partly in cipher undeciphered. (II. 579.) 

ADVERTISEMENTS from STURMIUS [endorsement]. 

[Undated, 1569, April 28.] Had heard in France that an 
Englishman had offered to render England to the devotion 
of the King of France, on being furnished with ships. 

They would come at intervals, would find the Queen with 
a small suite, seize her and declare her illegitimate. Their 
chief speaks French and Italian, is tall with long fair beard. 

3J pp. French. (II. 513.) 

DR. THOMAS COOPER [VICE-CHANCELLOR] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER, CHANCELLOR OF OXFORD. 

1569, May 5. [Oxford.] In view of your intended visit 
to Oxford on the 15th inst., these exercises are proposed, 
but you will alter them as you think best. Two sermons, 
one Latin by myself, one English by Dr. Westfaling, Dis- 
putations in Divinity wherein Dr. Humfrey, Dr. Cooper, 
Dr. Westphaling, Dr. Calfehill and Dr. Cradock take part. 
If Dr. Pierse comes with you, he may well take a place. The 
questions are the two pillars of Papistry, the authority of 
the Church and the supremacy of Rome. The questions in 
natural philosophy are not yet appointed. There is also 
ready a play or show of the Destruction of Thebes, and the 
contention between Eteocles and Polynices for the governance 



156 

thereof. But we desire your help for some apparaiti [sic] and 
things needful. We trust you may be here at least two days, 
and that you and the Cardinal will lodge in Christchurch. 
1| pp. (II. 273.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1569, May 9. Paris. I have your letters of April 27. 
Whereas you say that / should prevent the search that may be 
used to dissuade the Duke [Deux-Ponts] from his enterprise, I 
will obey, but I find him earnestly bent to follow that he hath 
taken in hand, as you shall perceive by his letters that were 
lately intercepted the caput whereof I send herewith. 

[The rest of the letter is identical with that to Cecil of same 
date, see Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] 1J pp. Partly cipher 
deciphered ; the cipher words are printed in italics. (II. 277.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1569, May 16. Hamburg. The Palsgrave desires money 
of the Queen's Majesty to furnish Casimir, his son, with an 
army which he will lead into France with all speed to constrain 
the King to grant liberty of conscience to his subjects, and 
to yield Metz to the Emperor and Calais to England, and 
that the Protestant army shall not be cassed while Alva is 
hi the Low Countries. 

Casimir has 6,000 of the best horsemen in Germany ready 
to march if he had money. It might be done with 100,000 
crowns. 

I have written often of this to Mr. Secretary. 

Casimir in the meantime is gone to the Elector of Saxon 
his father-in-law to persuade him to join the League. If he 
agrees, the other Protestants will follow. 

I abide here for the answer about the money. Be means 
for my excuse if I have not observed the literal sense of my 
commission. If I had not stretched my credit, there had 
neither been life in this new supply nor hope of a League. 

I send here inclosed the Count Palatine's letter. The fault 
in the directing thereof is due to one of his suite. 

1 p. (II. 279.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
1569, May 16. Hamburg. Since finishing my packet I 
received yours of April 6, the first and the last that I had 
from England since my departure thence. It was conveyed 
with others enclosed from our Ambassador in France to the 
Palsgrave who sent it to me by express to this town. I heard 
nothing of Deux-Ponts since leaving Heidelberg on April 18, 
when the Elector Palatine heard that he had passed the 
mountains and taken a passage upon the Saone, where he 
did abide his footmen. When they have joined him, he will 
have 10,000 horse, 12,000 foot, 26 pieces of artillery. In his 



157 

passage lie is said to have overthrown Baron des Adresses, 
and 5,000 men with the loss of 2,000 of his own. I fear this 
is not true, and unless he or the Prince of Navarre give some 
great overthrow, it shall be hard for them to join. The 
French King took occasion upon the news of Conde's death 
(whom we say here is alive) to send ambassadors to dissuade 
Bi-ponts, but they returned in vain. The Duke is of great 
courage, but the want of the Cardinal's money hath been a 
let unto his forwardness ; if it had come, the armies had been 
joined ; some fault there was, whencesoever it came. I send 
the enclosed that you may perceive the last news had in writing 
by the Count Palatine from Bi-ponts, who after entering the 
mountains could neither send nor hear from Germany but 
by stealth or force. The King will leave nothing undone 
to agree with Bi-ponts. Unless you persuade the Queen to 
help Casimir with money, I fear all will not turn out well. 
Of the sincere meaning of the Palsgrave and his son I have 
warrant. If money come, he will be ready to march at 
Midsummer. A little thing will encourage him forward. I 
beseech you to procure some good and speedy answer, for 
the matter requires haste. If the Queen gives no aid to 
Casimir, there will be no League. Touching the money sent 
from Kochelle to the Cardinal of Chatillon, I shall do as you 
will, and have stayed de Lambres here who was going over 
to the Cardinal with this passage for the money promised to 
Bi-ponts. I have this day written to Casimir to keep him 
in hope of good answer out of England. The Papists travel 
night and day to bring their matters to pass. 

Here are advertisements of conspiracies in England. I 
trust the Queen will keep a vigilant eye upon the Catholics. 

The enclosed packet is from de Lambres, a gentleman of 
the Admiral's ; please send it to the Cardinal. 

3 pp. Holograph. (II. 281.) 

GILBERT [BERKELEY, BISHOP or] BATH AND WELLS to the 
EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, May 18. Wells. Stating that the Archbishop of 
Canterbury has by way of lapse collated the Prebend of Yatton 
to Mr. Welles, chaplain to Sir W. Cecil. Prays the Earl 
to be favourable to Mr. Welles, who is a very worthy man. 

i p. (II. 285.) 

THE DEAN AND PREBENDS OF ELY to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
1569, May 21. Cambridge. Referring to a lease in reversion 
of 26 years yet to come, by the Bishop of Ely to Lord St. John 
of Bletso of a pasture in Haddenham, which the Dean and 
Prebends cannot confirm without great danger to towns and 
persons in the Isle of Ely. The use of the ground hath ever 
been in the hands of 60 inhabitants of this populous town, 
who have little other relief for the maintenance of their 
ploughs or milch bullocks. The taking of this lease would 



158 

thus ruin them and other villages belonging to the Bishop 
and Church of Ely. This fen is subject to great waters, and 
the occupiers are bound to keep a great bank for the safe- 
guard of a great part of the Isle, which can only be defended 
in time of storms, wind and waters, by the labour of many 
people, and if the waters broke in, the whole Isle would be 
surrounded, and cannot be drained in small time. The lease 
was therefore hitherto only granted to the inhabitants of 
Haddenham in consideration of the maintenance of this bank. 
Reasonable recompense should be made by the inhabitants 
to a child for whom Lord St. John labours in this matter, 
the father of the child having been charged for the procuring 
of the lease from the Bishop. 

1 p. Impression of Seal. See introduction. (II. 289.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, May 26. Hamburg. I have now received two of 
yours by Monsr. de Vezymes the first of the 21 of April, the 
second in cipher of the 1st inst., so that in all I have received 
three since my coming over. 

" I look daily to hear from Duke Casimir who parted not 
so soon from Heidelberg as he determined, and that will 
cause me to be the longer without answer. I am of opinion 
that they will hear somewhat of her Majesty's mind touching 
the aid of money before they will show themselves our servant 
to consent to the League. 

" Her Majesty may have of these Princes what her please 
so her Highness will go to work roundly and substantially. 
If this occasion be lost I doubt how it will be recovered here- 
after. England was never more famous among both papists 
and protestants than it is at this present. I mean no less 
doubted and feared of the one than honoured and loved of 
the other. Her Majesty's credit is such by this occasion 
that I think with good handling she may bring anything to 
pass, but alas I fear it will not hold, for the proclamation 
made by the French in France upon the return of their 
messenger sent to declare the Prince of Conde's death together 
with the proclamation set forth by the Duke of Alva and her 
Majesty's lenity that way is so bruited abroad and carried 
to the Princes' Courts that I fear me it will cause them to 
stay their deliberations. 

" I wonder what should be the cause for in France the 
Protestants were never stronger and the Princes never more 
inclined to aid them in Flanders, the Duke of Alva nothing 
strong nor having any ships at all in readiness, or towards, 
to annoy you any manner of way unless it be with countenance 
which your Honour knoweth is peculiar to the Spaniard 
though he were ready to yield the ghost, and if that amaze 
you, what shall all they think that did depend chiefly upon 
your proceedings and would gladly join with you to send 
both him and his into Spain again* 



159 

" I would I were able to salve these sores and griefs. 
I beseech your Honour to think I have done what I can and 
that hitherto God hath blessed my journey. I must confess 
your Honour's first letters did not a little consort me to write 
to the Count Palatine and others what hope I was in of your 
good answer by my man's ret/urn, but when Monsr. de Vezimes 
arrived in the ships and brought neither money nor credit 
from the Cardinal I was struck dead. God knoweth how 
much more it may hinder the common cause than it hath 
done already. These Almayne princes can not abide to be 
so mocked withal nor their soldiers bear with it. It is 
sufficient to make them rebel against Duke Deux-ponts and 
revolt to the King. There be among them men likely enough 
to do no less. God amend it, the sooner the better. Monsr. 
De Vezimes taketh the best way to help the matter touching 
which we have conferred at length, but I dare say he had 
rather go to a battle. 

" I am glad to understand by your Lordships' of the first 
of this present of her Majesty's good inclination to follow 
this action, and do trust that her Highness will upon mine 
advertisements be the more willing which God grant. I doubt 
nothing of your good Lordship's helping hand, for I know 
you, so the good may come thereof by taking time, and the 
harm contrary. May it please your honour therefore to 
solicit her Majesty to send money to furnish Duke Casimir 
roundly and commissioners with ample instructions to 
prosecute that design for restoring of Calais and the removing 
of the Duke of Alva. This doth require an Ambassador of 
honour and credit which I doubt not your Honour doth 
consider and that it doth ask speed and not wonted delays." 

I understand by a gentleman from Italy how the Italians 
be not yet in France, nor cannot be so soon because he left 
them the 21 of April, some at Padua and in those parts. 

Alva has withdrawn his forces to the French frontiers, 
" whereby your Honour may assure yourself the papists 
will do what they can to keep the French King on foot, which 
done look to yourselves when they have leisure. Within 
these 12 days the Duke of Alva hath renewed his prest money 
for the levying of 3,000 Hitters in these parts. I let your 
Honour judge whether it be time to look about and to hasten 
Casimir." 

" Well it may be said the Protestants in France be strong 
enough by a victory or two they have had of late and therefore 
they need no aid. I am sure, though others peradventure 
will say so, yet your Lordship is not of that opinion but rather 
that now it is a fit time to follow that design which I men- 
tioned before touching Calais." 

There is a truce for three months between Denmark and 
Sweden. If you see occasion to further a peace between 
them, I trust you will do it. I think verily it will bring them 
both into the League. 



160 

I am the bolder to write without cipher because Mr. Thomas 
Mildmay is the bearer hereof. He is of good judgment and 
hath the French tongue as well and as natural as if he were 
born in France. The gentleman from Italy heard before he 
left Padua that Lord Windsor returning from Malta 
to Sicily was stayed there by the inquisition. I think it cost 
him both in purse and credit before he was quit of them. 
Now he should be about Rome. 

5 pp. Holograph. (II. 293.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

1569, May 27. Paris. Identical with his letter to Cecil 
of this date [See Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.} except " / send you 
here enclosed the copies of letters sent from Muoy. Mark the last 
line. 9 [This in cipher deciphered.] 

1J pp. (II. 299.) Enclosing, 

Copy of letters from de Mouy received at Paris, May 22 : 

(1) To de la Chapelle. Has received his letter. The 
lords of whom he writes have such devotion to the 
cause that they do not mean to budge till they have 
ruined Antichrist. They had to wait for the lans- 
quenets who could not come without money. In a 
charge he made with his company and a company 
of reiters they took more than 100 prisoners with quite 
1.000 crowns on them. 

(2) 1569, May 2. Between Beaulme [Beaume] and Chalons 
[sur Saone]. Thanks for his treatment of his wife, 
children and mother-in-law. As for the succession 
he begs him warn his friends to make sure of the 
furniture and will. 

(3) To his wife. Assures her of his welfare and that 
the enemy flee before them. Repeats the exploit 
named to de la Chapelle, and that they had lost only 
one reiter's horse. 

J p. French. Wrongly bound after the letter next 
succeeding. (II. 303.) 

WILLIAM [LORD] COBHAM to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[1569,] May 29. Cobham. Giving an account similar to 
that given in Norreys' letter of May 27. " Memoranzi is 
charged that he was too well accompanied" by horsemen, 
" whose answer was that those he had was at his Highness' 
devotion and for his own defence against the Cardinal of 
Lorraine, his mortal enemy, whom he would forbear in his 
Highness' presence, but otherwise in all places ... he would 
be revenged. There was also counterfeit letters brought to 
him . . . for which they seek redress at the King's hands." 

The Duke of Deux-Ponts is at La Charite, which cannot 
hold out 24 hours ; the bridge is broken which may be some 
let. 



161 

Monsieur was at Bruges [Gironde], looked for to reinforce 
D'Aumale with 2,000 horses and 4,000 arquebusiers ; either 
Martigues or Saynsace [Sansac] has charge of those that remain. 

The men of war of Picardy are gone towards Paris, and 
muster at St. Denis ; their small companies left at Calais, by 
recovery whereof we might say nos sumus Troes, and not fuimus. 

Montinego has burnt Chatellion except the castle. The 
King is forced to sell abbey-lands, but only the Spaniards 
are paid. As he passed Montreuil and Boulogne he was 
asked whether he had heard of the Admiral's death at Paris. 
God who guides all good men's steps will not permit such a 
violent death to happen to so godly a man, but if it be so, it 
is for our sins. 

2 pp. (II. 301.) 

MATTHEW [PARKER, ARCHBISHOP OF] CANTERBURY, AND 
EDMUND [GRINDAL, BISHOP OF] LONDON to the EARL OF 
LEICESTER. 

1569, June 2. Lambeth. Recommending Dr. Cowper 
[Cooper] Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, and Dean of Christ- 
church, for the Deanery of Gloucester. It "is not so far distant 
from Oxford, so as he may very well have due regard to both 
the charges. We have heard also of some that have made 
importunate suit in their own persons for the said Deanery, 
of whom we have no good opinion : besides that the example 
so to sue is not commendable." 

1 p. (II. 307.) See p. 153 above. 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, June 3. Paris. To the same effect as his letter to the 
Queen of this date [see Cal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.] with addition 
in cipher deciphered ; the cipher words are printed in italics. 

" The trust that these repose in your quietness having clean 
disturnisshed [sic] as I can learn, they fortify in Picardy and 
Normandy and withdraw their soldiers from thence to make a 
new army." And as you have .... aided and assisted the 
comfortless and afflicted, continue the same unto the end and 
your reward shall be great. And now that God's harvest is in 
hand, I wish that the worktolte [sic] may want no towles till 
their work be ended. 

1J pp. (II. 311.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

1569, June 19. Orleans. Deux-Ponts died of fever three 
days after he joined the Prince of Navarre, " his disease growing 
by press of wine which he took the first night at supper in the 
Queen of Navarre's tent." Ernest, Count Mansfeld, succeeds 
him. The two young Palsgraves of Hesse are likewise dead of 
the same sickness, Montgomery has since surprised Perigeux. 

P U 



162 

Postscript. Frauncis Parland hath declarid to the Admiral 
that Queen Elizabeth hath sent many munition and also her 
ships to Rochelh, and to bring the certainty hereof as also of 
other your proceedings he is like a spy returned to your Honor. 
I thank your Honor for warning me of my Enemy who, 
when the King was at Metz, sought to persuade the Marquis of 
Baden (who complains of discourtesies used to him and his 
wife in England) to assail me on the way and to take away 
my letters and ciphers. He sent his brother to Metz for that 
purpose, from whom I escaped by departing the day before 
he came. If he follow the enterprise by treason, or poisoning, 
I commend my children to you. 

1J pp. Partly cipher, now deciphered and printed in italics. 
(II. 313.) 

ROBERT [HORNE] BISHOP OF WINCHESTER to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1569, June 28. Bishop's Waltham. If the Earl must find 
a house for the Spanish Ambassador, the Bishop is content 
that no rent be paid for his house, which he meant to have 
occupied all this next winter. If the Ambassador must find 
himself a house at his own charge, then shall he pay 300 crowns 
until St. George's Day next, for much spoil will be made 
about the house in that small time. 

As to the Queen's proposed progress into Hampshire, 50 
persons have been sick, and five died, in the Bishop's house at 
Waltham since March 25th last and 13 in the town. Last 
Saturday one died at the Constable's house there, and all 
the neighbours fear it was of the plague. If the spring had 
been hot, as it hath been very cold " it would have been a 
kindly plague " ; at the least it is febris pestilentialis. And there 
is no part along the coast free from it. Some think the Bishop 
makes more of the matter than needeth to save his own 
charges. 

1J pp. (II. 315.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the QUEEN. 

1569, June 30. Orleans. [To same effect as letter to Cecil 
of this date, see Col. S.P. Foreign, Eliz., with additions.] 

The Cardinal of Guise is returned from Spain with hope 
of aid and knowledge that the King of Spain shall marry 
the Emperor's eldest danghter, with proffer of the second to 
the King, the King of Portugal to marry this King's sister, 
Margaret. 

1J pp. Holograph. Seal. (II. 319.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, July 9. Orleans. A displeasure has chanced at Paris 
to me and the place I represent. The judges, civil and 
criminal of Paris with sergeants and soldiers, came to my 



163 

house there. At the gate one of my servants asked what they 
demanded ; they said they would enter ; he declaring that 
my house was privileged, they made semblance as though 
they would break up the gate, but were stayed by the judges. 
My servant complained the same night to Ale^on's Council, 
who dissembled as though ignorant of the matter, which would 
not have been enterprised upon an Ambassador's house with- 
out their consent. Their pretence was to apprehend certain 
which had exercise of the Religion therein. The King's 
Ambassador in England has license to use his Roman religion. 
I remit this injury to your discretion. 

The Admiral is drawn to Confolans, Anjou is at Breue la 
Galiarde three leagues away. The former's intention was 
to levy the siege of Niort where Count de Lude had made 
breaches, his brother having been killed in an assault. 

July 8 (sic). Orleans. It is certain that the Army of the 
Prince is by famine and sickness so scattered as now it can 
neither assail the enemy nor defend itself. Here is great reward 
offered and men hired to poison the Admiral, which done they 
account these affairs ended. Advertize as you may, and / 
will do the like. 

[The rest of this letter is identical with that to Cecil of same 
date, see Gal. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.'] 

%2 PP- Partly in cipher deciphered ; the cipher words are 
printed in italics. Seal. (II. 323.) 

SIR HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, July 18. Orleans. They " have offered me so many 
discourtesies, I may call them injuries, as the number of the 
one far exceedeth the other, which I account not offered to me 
but to her Majesty, both intercepting her Highness' letters 
sundry times, seeking to have unawares given an onset on 
me in Lorraine, and to have taken away my ciphers and 
letters, having imprisoned my steward if not rescued by 
Malvoysier. Lastly seeking to break up my house at Paris, 
I being absent attending on the King, which injuries I think 
hath seldom time been offered to any Ambassador specially 
servant to her Majesty that in this their misery hath so well 
deserved of them, having so good occasion now to requite 
their courtesies if it so liked her Highness, instead whereof 
she hath not only given them most profitable counsel, but also 
declared to them the practices of their enemies, which went 
about to cause them to destroy their nobility, whereof now 
they have good proof." 

" The King is put daily in great fear of troops of horsemen 
which are seen not far from hence so that he hath a good will 
to pass to Paris, if it were known how he might safely do 
it, being at this instant weakly accompanied, his ordinary 
forces attending upon his person being sent to his brother 
Monsr. D'Anjou so that it is likely to come to pass that one 
of his guard did lately say hearing the siege levied from 



164 

La Charite, that the King his master should be fain to depart 
without a Trumpet, minding his departure should be so secret 
as no trumpet should give warning thereof . . . and surely 
I think no less but if that the King doth not shortly depart 
hence, he will be environed and find it hard to reach Paris." 

An j ou's camp is dispersed till the end of August at which 
time the King of Spain hath promised the King 2,000 foot 
and 1,200 horse, the Pope and other Italians 4,000 foot more. 
The King is levying 8,000 Swiss, the great part of those he 
had being dead. 

De Cosse sends word that there are in England ready to be 
shipped 4,000 French and Walloons and 3,000 English, banished 
men, that should attempt to land in Picardy or Normandy. 
The Cardinal of Lorraine answered that this advertisement 
was as vain as others he made thereof afore whereof nothing 
ensued, and that her Majesty meant nothing less than to 
invade France. 

Postscript. " There is such search for Chapelle&s I am forced 
for his safety to convey him into England with these." 

2 pp. Seal. [Part of this letter is to the same effect as that to 
Cecil of same date, see Col. S.P. Foreign, Eliz. Part is in cipher 
deciphered ; the cipher words are printed in italics.] (II. 327.) 

HENRY KILLIGEEW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1569, Aug. 11. Leipsic. I have now received Casimir's 
answer, dated Aug. 7th. I send copy to Mr. Secretary by 
this bearer, with other writings specified in a schedule enclosed. 
I hie me to the Landgrave, from whom I hope good news. 

Postscript. Holograph. Casimir "wished you this hunting 
time when he was at the death of 80 stags in one day, where- 
of one weighed 700Z6s." De Vezines also desires to be 
commended to you. 

1 p. Enclosing, 

The Schedule above mentioned. 

1. A copy of Casimir's letter to her Majesty. 

2. The names of the Princes that will send Ambassadors 
to the convention of Nurenburg the 5th Sept., wherein 
are shewed the causes of Casimir's stay before he came 
to the Duke of Saxony. 

3. Copy of letter from George Frederic, Marquis of 
Brandenberg to the Elector of Saxony. 

4. The articles once determined by the three Electors but 
now deferred to the said diet of Nurenburg touching 
the intelligence between her Majesty and the Princes 
of Germany. 

5. Copy of the Elector of Saxony's answer to De Vezines. 

6. Letter and articles written to me from Hambourg by 
Gaspar Gamahul, a man at present unknown to me. 

These six parcels are enclosed with her Majesty's packet. 



165 

1. A book of such advertisements as from sundry places 
have come to me since my departure from Hambourg. 

2. A brief of the proceedings of the last Diet at Frankfort 
translated from Dutch to Latin with Dr. Ehemius' 
commission to the Electors of Saxony and Branden- 
burg, and copy of a memorial from him to Casimir 
how he should deal with the Elector of Saxony. 

These two are in one packet which you shall receive from 

this bearer. 
1 p. Holograph. (II. 331.) 

JOHN BROWNE to SIR WILLIAM WYNTER and MR. JONSON. 

1569, Aug. 27. Chatham. The Marosse [? Merhorse] was 
brought aground yesterday and trimmed and the Victory 
will be trimmed on Monday. Mr. Greye and Mr. Smythe 
are come down this day, but men slowly appear. Mr. Greye 
says that if the wind serve he means to " vale " from 
Gillingham where the ships now ride as low down as the 
North Head. Only 200 of the pressed men have as yet 
appeared. Hereunder I give account of how the ships are 
furnished and what they want of their appointed numbers. 

Statement as to the Bonaventure and the Antelope follow. 

1 p. On back is another note of stuffs supplied by divers 
persons. (II. 337.) 

SIR HENRY NORREYS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

1569, Aug. 28. Ainboise. I have an idle head by reason of 
fever. A messenger sent to the Admiral returned to me who gave 
me to understand by his letters of the good affection that both 
the Prince and the Strangers hath to prosecute God's cause who 
of his mercy hath graciously prospered their proceedings. Being 
now entrenched within the valleys of Poitiers, he requests you 
to move the Queen to aid them with money, being deeply indebted 
to these strangers. If for want they be forced to give up this 
enterprise, the loss shall be universal throughout Christendom, 
but chiefly to the Queen on whom they will first seek revenge. 

It is better to make war abroad than in our own country. 

| p. Partly cipher, deciphered ; the cipher words are printed in 
italics. (II. 339.) 

[RICHARD Cox, BISHOP OF ELY to the EARL OF LEICESTER.] 

1569, Aug. 31. Cambridge. Refers to controversies 
between the Master of St. John's College and Mr. ffulke, late 
Fellow, to settle which the Bishop visited the College. In 
the meantime a charge of felony had been made by Mr. Mead, 
a Fellow, unto the Mayor of Cambridge who declared it to 
the Vice-Chancellor. The Visitor has no authority to deal 
with felony, and wishes the foul matter referred to some of 
the discreet and wise of the University. 

1 p. Unaddressed and signature cut off, but names given in 
pencil endorsement. See introduction. (II. 341.) 



166 

SIR HENRY NOEEEYS to [the EAEL OF LEICESTER.] 

[1569.] Sept. 1 [11 ?]. Tours. The Admiral on the 8th 
of the present levied the siege of Poitiers and advanced towards 
Chatelheraut, and caused Monsieur to levy the siege and draw 
to La Porte de Pille. The admiral passed the river and came 
to La Hay. No battle is yet stricken, though sought earnestly 
of the admiral, who has recrossed the river. " I send you 
this bearer lately come thence from the Admiral who after his 
humble commendations to your Honor doth likewise desire the 
same to have them in your remembrance to the Queen for her 
aid with the money, and if that will not be granted that her Majesty 
will recover Calais thereby to cause her enemies the sooner to 
demand peace. 

"I send you the Admiral* s letter unto me by this bearer, whom 
it may please you to credit having taken both a painful and 
dangerous journey on him for her Majesty's service in so much 
that ... it is a difficult thing to get one to do the like. I 
beseech your Honor he may receive such comfort at your hands 
as that he may continue his good service." 

Requests the Earl to obtain his own recall on grounds of 
ill health. 

1J pp. Partly in cipher, now deciphered. This is printed in 
italics. (II. 569.) 

SIEGE OF POITIEES. 

1569, Sept. 11. In raising the siege of Poitiers on the 
approach of the enemy they had only done the duty of war. 
Bequests him again to solicit the damoiselle whom he knows. 

French. Six lines on narrow slip, without signature or 
address. (II. 343.) 

DE. LAUEENCE HTJMFEEY AND FOUE OTHEES to the EAEL OF 

LEICESTEE. 

1569, Oct. 7. Oxford. Concerning the Queen's commission 
for the search for heretical books, vagrant persons and master- 
less men in the Town and University. 

2 pp. With five signatures. (II. 345.) 

[Endorsed] SIE W. MYLD[MAY.] 

1569, Oct. 26. Windsor Castle. "The question to be 
considered on is whether it be lesse perillous to the Quene 
Majestie and the realm to retayne the Quene of Scott s in 
Englande, or to retorne her home into Scotlande. In which 
question these things are to be considered. On the one syde 
what daungers are lyke to followe if she be reteyned here, 
and theropon if for avoyding of them it shalbe thought good 
to retorne her, then what caucions and provisions are necessarye 
to be hadd. 

On the other syde are to be weighed the daungers lyke 
to followe if she be retorned home, and theropon if for 



167 

eschueing of them it shalbe thought good to reteyne her here, 
then what caucions and provisions are in that case necessary e. 

Margin. Daungers in reteyning the Quene of Scotts. 

Her unquiet and aspiring mynde never cessing to practise 
with the Quene's subjects. 

Her late practise of a mariage betwene the Duke of 
Northfolke and her withoute the Quene's knowledge. 

The faction of the papists and other ambitious folke being 
readie and fit instruments for her to worke upon. 

The comiseracion that ever followeth soch as be in miserye 
though their deserts be never so greate. 

Her conning and sugred enterteignment of all men that / 
come to her wherbie she getteth both creadite and intelligence. ' 

Her practise with the Frenche and Spanishe Ambassadors 
being more near to her in England then if she were in Scotland 
and their continuall sollicitacions of the Quene for her 
delivereye the deniall whereof may brede warre. 

The daunger in her escaping oute of garde whereof it is 
lyke enough she will give the attempt. 

So as remayning here, she hath tyme and oportunity to 
practise and norrishe factions by which she may worke con- 
federacye, and thereof may follow sedicion and tumulte, 
which may bring perill to the Quene's Majestie and the State. 

Finallie it is sayde that the Quene's Majestie of her owne 
disposicion hath no mynde to retayne here but is much 
unquieted therwith which is a thing greatlie to be weighed. 

Margin. Cautions if she be retorned. 

To deliver her into the hande of the Regent and the Lords 
nowe governing in Scotland to be saffelye kepte. 

That she meddle not with the estate nor make anye alteracions 
in the government or in religion. 

That by sufficient hostagis it may be provided that nether 
anye violence be used to her person nor that she be suffred 
to govern againe but lyve privatlye with such honorable 
enterteignment as is mete for the King of Scotts mother. 

That the league offensive and defensive betwene ffrance 
and Scotland be never renewed. 

That a newe and perpetuall league be made betwene Englond 
and Scotland wherbie the Quene's majestie may showe an 
open mayntenannce and allowaunce of the Kings authoritye 
and estate and of the present government so as the Scotts 
may hollye depend upon her. 

That the Regent and the lords of Scotland doe make no 
composicion with the Scottishe Quene, nether suffer her to 
marrye withoute the consent of the Quene's Majestie. 

That the faults whereof she hath bene accused and her | 
declining and delayeng to aunswere that accusacion may be 
published to the worlde the better to discorage her factious 
partie both here and in Scotland. 



168 

Margin. Daungers in retorning her. 

The manner howe to deliver her home with the Quene's 
Majestie's honor and saffetie is vearie doubtfull, ffor if she be 
delivered in garde that came hether ffree and at libertie, howe 
will that stand with the Quene's honour and with the requests 
of the ffrench and Spanishe kings, that have continuallye 
sollicited her ffree deli very e ether into Scotland or ffraunce, 
or if she die in garde ether violently e or naturallie, her Majestie 
shall hardly escape slaunder. 

If againe she be delivered home at libertie, or if being in 
garde she shoulde escape, then these perills may follow : 

The suppressing of the present government in Scotland 
nowe depending upon the Quene's Majestie and advaunsing 
of the contrarye faction depending upon the ffrench. 

The alteracion of religion in Scotland. 

The renewing of the league offensive and defensive betwene 
ffraunce and Scotland that hath so motch trobled Englond. 

The renewing of her pretended clayme to the crowne of 
this realme. 

The likelyhode of warre to ensue betwene ffraunce, Scotland 
and us and the bringing in of straungers into that Realme 
to our anoyaunce and greate charge, as late experience hath 
showed. 

The supportacion that she is lyke to have of the french and 
Spanishe kings. 

And though peace shoulde continue betwene Englond and 
Scotland, yet infinite injuryes wilbe offerid by the Scottishe 
Quene's ministers opon the borders, which will torne to the 
greate hurte of the Quene's Majestie's subjects or els to her 
greater charges to redresse them, ffor the chaunge of the 
government in Scotland will chaunge the justice which nowe 
is hadde into all injurye and injustice. 

The lykelyhode that she will revoke the erle Bodwell nowe 
her husband though unlaufull, as it is sayde ; a man of most 
evill and cruell affection to this realme and to his owne 
countrymen, or if she shoulde marrye another that were a 
lyke enemy e, the perill must needs be greate on ether syde. 

And albeit to these daungers may be generallie sayde that 
such provision shalbe made by capitulacons with her and by 
hostage from the Regent, and the lords of Scotland, as all 
these perills shalbe prevented. 

To that may be aunswered : 

That no fact which she shall doe here in Englond will houlde, 
for she will alleage the same to be done in a forrein contrye 
being restreyned of libertie. 

That there is greate lyklyhode of escape wheresoever 
she be kepte in Scotland, ffor her late escape there showeth 
howe she will leave no way unsought to atchive it, and the 
contrie being as it is greatlie divided and of nature 
merveillouslye factious, she is the more lyke to bring it to 
passe. 



169 

Or if the Regent by any practise shoulde yelde to a com- 
posicion, or finding his par tie weake shoulde give over his 
regiment, Then what assurannce have we, ether of amitye or 
religion. That the Regent may be induced to doe this 
appereth by his late secret treatie with the Duke of Norffolk 
for her mariage withoute the Quene's Majestie's knowleage. 

And though the Regent shoulde persever constant, yet if 
he shoulde be taken away directlie or indirectlie (the lyke 
whereof is sayde hath bene attempted against him) then is 
all at large and the Quene of Scotts most lyke to be restored 
to her state, the factions being so greate in Scotland as they 
are. So as the case is vearie tickle and daungerous to hang 
opon so small a thredde as the lyffe of one man, by whome 
it appereth the whole at this present is conteyned. 

And touching the hostages though that assurannce might 
be good to preserve her from violence in Scotland, yet it may 
be doubted how the same wilbe sufficient to kepe her from 
escaping or governing againe, seing for her parte she will 
make little consciens of the hostage if she may prevaill, and 
the punisshing of the hostages will be a small satisfaction to 
the Quene's majestie for the trebles that may ensue. 

And for the doubt of her escape or of Rebellion within this 
realme, it may be sayde that if she shoulde not be well garded 
but shoulde be lefte open to practise, then her escape and the 
other perills might be doubted of. But if the Quene's Majestie 
houlde a streighter hand over her and put her under the cure 
of a fast and circumspect man, all practise shalbe cutte from 
her and the Quene's Majestie free from that perill. And more 
saffe it is for the Quene to kepe the bridle in her owne hand 
to restraine the Scottish Quene, then in retorning her home 
to commit that trust to others, which by death, composicion 
or abusing of one person may be disapointed. 

And if she shoulde by anye meanes recover her estate, the 
doubt of rebellion here is not taken away but rather to be 
feared, if she have habilitye to her will. And if she finde 
strength by her owne and forreyn frends, she is not farre of 
to gyve ayde opon a mayne land to soch as will stirre for her, 
which so long as she is here they will forbeare lest it might 
bring most perill to her selfe being in the Quene's hands. 
The lyke respect, no doubte, will move forrein princes to become 
requesters and no threateners for her deliverye. 

And where it is sayde that the Quene's Majestie cannot be 
quiett so long as she is here, but it may brede daunger to her 
maiesies health. That is a matter greatlie to be weighed, 
ffor it were better to adventure all then her majestie shoulde 
inwardlie conceave anye thing to the daunger of her health. 
But as that is onlye knowen to soch as have more inwarde 
acquaintaunce with her majestie's disposicion then is fitte 
for some other to have, so againe it is to be thought that her 
majestie being wise if the perilles lyke to folio we in reatorning 
her home were layed before her and if she finde them greater 



170 

then the other, she wilbe induced easelie to chaung her opinion 
and therbie may folio we to her majestie greate satisfaction 
and quietnes. 

Margin. Caucions if she be reteyned. 

To remove her somewhat nerer the Court, at the least, 
within one dayes jorney of London, wherbie it shalbe the 
more easie to understand of her doings. 

To deliver her in custodie to sotch as be thought most 
sound in religion and most voyde of practise. 

To diminishe her nombre, being nowe aboute xl. persons 
to the one halfe, to make therbie the Quene's charges the lesse, 
and to give her the fewer meanes of intelligens. 

To cutte from her all accesse letters and measages other 
then soch as he that shall have the charge shall thinke fitte. 

To signifie to all princes the occasion of this streight garde 
opon her to be her late practise with the Duke of Norffolk 
which hath given the Quene cause to doubt farther, assuring 
them that she shalbe used honorablie but kept saffelie from 
trebling the Quene's Majestie or this state. 

That she be reteyned here untill the estate of Scotland be 
more settled, and the estate of other contries now in garboille, 
be quieted, the issue whereof is lyke to be sene within a yere 
or twoe. 

6| pp. (II. 349.) 

JOHN [LESLIE, BISHOP OF] Ross, to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

[1569,] Dec. 21. Kingston. Complaining of the high injury 
done to his mistress [the Queen of Scots] by the taking away 
of a boy called Willie Douglas, who was a special instrument 
in conveying the Queen from Lochleven. Last Sunday he 
was in Kingston, ready to depart with other of his fellows to 
Paris, and had obtained his passport from her Majesty, but 
since Sunday nothing has been heard of him, which touches 
her Majesty's honour as he was here in the court and had her 
safe conduct, and was therefore under her protection. If 
such attempts are permitted, none of his mistress' servants 
may resort here for doing her service. 

Requests the Earl's furtherance for the suit of one John 
Hog of Leith before the Privy Council. 

1 p. Year date given in endorsement. (II. 357.) 

The EARL OF LEICESTER to [THOMAS,] EARL OF SUSSEX. 

[1569*.] Is glad that he has prospered in his journey and 
answered in all points the good opinion conceived of him. 

Touching her Majesty's resolution he knows not what to 
write ; she is desirous to work her own surety and the quietness 
of her state. Among themselves there be sundry minds. 
The place the Earl of Sussex holds requires all the under- 

* The Earl of Sussex was created Lord President of the North in 1569. 



171 

m 

standing that may be ; wherefore he will let him know all 
that he knows. 

Her Majesty has two persons to deal with, the Queen of 
Scots lately by her subjects deprived, and the young King, 
her son, avowed and set up in her place. The most in number 
[in London] are for the son, that her Majesty may have the 
like authority and amity in Scotland as in the time of the 
late Regent. 

The reasons against the other are the title that Queen 
claims to this crown, the overthrow of Religion there, and 
the impossibility of any assurance for the observance of any 
pact between our Sovereign and her. 

And upon indifferent looking into the matter on both 
sides it is disputable, some think, and of these he confesses 
himself one, that if she takes the King into her protection, 
she may enter into a war in which France or Spain may set 
foot. Nor can he see that she has troops to continue any 
time in war. If they enter into war, and be driven for lack 
or any way to shrink, they must be sorry for what they have 
done. The realm is already universally burdened in many 
ways. The state does not require further cause of imposition. 

In worldly causes men may be guided by worldly policies, 
and yet so to frame them as God, author of all, be rightly 
regarded. Though in some points he shall deal like a worldly 
man for his Prince, yet he will not forget that he is a Christian. 

The question is whether it be meter for our Sovereign to 
maintain the young King, or upon composition to restore the 
Queen of Scots. If there be any assurances to be given, 
or any provision by wordly policies to be had, he thinks ways 
and means may be used with the Queen of Scots whereby 
her Majesty may be at quiet and yet delivered of her present 
great charges. The cause of trouble and danger to her Majesty 
is the title pretended by the Queen of Scots to the crown of 
England. She may be aided for her religion, by the colour 
of her title, by the other great Princes of Christendom. The 
setting up her son does not take away her title in their opinion 
though she remain prisoner. And having any advantage 
these Princes will proceed far. The best means to avoid 
this danger is to obtain her consent to renounce all such 
interest and title as she now claims either presently or hereafter 
during the life of her Majesty and the heirs of her body. Here, 
two questions may be made, first, whether she will so renounce ; 
secondly, if she will do so, what assurance can she give for the 
performance thereof ? For the first, she hath, and doth 
presently offer to renounce all claims during the life of her 
Majesty and her heirs, and for the second doth offer all manner 
of surety that her Majesty can devise and is in her power to 
do. She excepts none. It is objected that Princes never hold 
promises longer than for their own commodity. Yet Princes 
do treat with one another, and are forced to trust to such bonds 
as they contract by, and as in wordly matters all surety is 



172 

subject to many casualties, yet such devices are made even 
among princes as tie them to perform that which if they 
might choose they would not. Such means may be devised 
to tie her as though she would break, yet may she get no 
advantage. Her own simple renunciation should be made by 
the most substantial instrument, and confirmed by the assent 
of others. Her own parliaments should do the like with the 
full authority of the whole estate. She should deliver her 
son, and such other principal noblemen as her Majesty names, 
as hostages, and put into her Majesty's hand some one peer 
or two of that realm. Her Majesty might also by ratifying 
this by a parliament in England make a forfeiture, if the 
Queen of Scots should go about to infringe the agreement, of 
all such titles and claims as remain in the Queen of Scots 
after her Majesty and her issue, never to be capable of any 
authority in this realm. And she must be equally bound 
to suffer the received and established Religion in Scotland 
to be confirmed. Thus the amity between the two realms 
will be so strongly united as no foreign Prince should send 
a force to break it. The confirmation of the Religion will 
hold her Majesty a strong and continual party in Scotland. 
The trial of this already is sufficient. Though the Scotch 
Queen shall now be settled in her kingdom again, yet is she 
not like to be greater or better esteemed than heretofore, 
when she could not alter this Religion. Lastly as the oppres- 
sion of strangers heretofore had wearied them of the yoke, 
this peaceable time between us and them has made them 
know the liberty of their own, and the commodity of us their 
neighbours. 

Thus he thinks will there be more surety for the present 
without the intolerable charges which her Majesty cannot 
long sustain. 

7 pp. [Endorsed :] The copy of a letter to the Earl of Sussex 
from the Earl of Leicester. A further endorsement has been 
so much obliterated as to be unintelligible. (II. 651.) 

GRANTZ DE POMMAR to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

[1569 ?] Is a stranger in England, born in Pomerania ; 
had served the Emperor Charles V, and King Philip of Spain 
sixteen years in the wars ; was in Flanders in [15] 6 8, in Count 
de Lodron's regiment, when Alva arrested all the English 
merchants at Antwerp ; was ordered by Alva and de Lodron 
to keep 133 such prisoners in their own houses for three 
months ; some having been allowed, upon parole, to go into 
the town, Alva, informed of this by an Italian, sent orders 
through de Lodron that none of them must be allowed out 
of doors. 

The two chief merchants imprisoned, Rochart Kloch, 
debtor, and William Algar, secretary to Jan Mavan, Margrave 
of Antwerp, came and begged the liberty they had had, 



173 

promising that none would depart without license. He 
then consulted his Colonel, who said that if any of them 
escaped, he [de Pommar] would answer for it with his life. 
This reply being reported to them, Kloch promised, for the 
rest, that they would not escape. Within a week all but 
28 had escaped, including the two spokesmen. 

De Pommar then surrendered himself to the Count who 
ordered him to be stabbed. It was however then after 
4 o'clock on the Sabbath, and the sentence could not be 
carried out. Meantime friends petitioned the Count on his 
behalf. 

When the Duke heard of the escape of the merchants, and 
that de Pommar was in prison, he ordered the latter to be 
executed. Many friends at Nancy, with the Duke's two sons, 
Don Frederico and the Grand Prior of Malta intervened ; he 
was reprieved, but condemned to the galleys for life, with 
confiscation of goods, the loss of 450 crowns pay at 25 crowns 
a month, and of his pension from the King, 150 crowns a 
year. He was in prison seven months. The merchants give 
him 101. a year during life, but he cannot live on this. He 
has therefore come to England and prays his Lordship to 
solicit the Queen for a place of pensionary in Barwick. 

3 pp. Spanish. (II. 697.) 

OWEN O'CoNOR to QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

[1569. Oxford.*] The Queen has shewn great kindness 
to him and his brother, having presented the latter with a 
gold brooch. Being now attacked in war by many wicked 
men, his brother has requested him to join him in Ireland 
and bring a letter from the Queen to the Lord Deputy there. 
The writer does not wish to leave Oxford entirely. 

1 p. Latin. (II. 675.) 

WILLIAM MAITLAND [OF LETHINGTON] to the EARL OF 

LEICESTER. 

1570, March 2[9]. Lethington. [See Cal S.P. Scotland, 
Eliz., under this date.] 
(II. 367.) 

JOHN HAWKYNS to [the EARL OF LEICESTER]. 

1570, June 4. The Indies fleet comes to the Azores in the 
midst of August, with gold, silver and jewels to the value of 
20,000,000 ducats or 6,000,0002. English. " This whole fleet 
(with God's grace) shall be intercepted and taken within 
these three months, for the extreme injuries offered unto this 
Realm : which wrongs being satisfied with the costs, the 
great mass shall be at the courtesye of the Queen's Highness 
to restore or keep." 

* In the summer of 1569, Sir Donogh O'Connor Sligo, had returned to 
Ireland, while his brother Owen was still at Oxford, 



174 

[Marginal note.] " The third part that is taken shall 
satisfy the losses. . . 

" To which enterprise John Hawkyns shall furnish ten 
ships in warlike manner at his own proper costs and charges. 

" To which enterprise also it is required that the Right 
Honorable the Earl of Leicester (with his friends) shall obtain 
and borrow of her Highness two ships furnished with ordnance, 
powder and munition, to say, the Bonadventure and the Bull. 

" Also toward the furniture of the ten ships of John 
Hawkyns, it is needful to have two last of powder and 200 
calyvers complete, for which powder and calyvers there shall 
be good payment satisfied into the tower. 

" There is nothing more needed toward this enterprise 
but Her Highness's free consent." Endorsed by Hawkins 
himself : " The Spanyards, 1570." 

[1 p. On the back and front have been scribbled alphabets 
and writing of a child.] (II. 371.) 

THOMAS, EARL OF SUSSEX to the QUEEN. 

1570, Sept. 10. Warkworth. Copy. [For the original see 
S.P. Foreign, Eliz., of date.] 
(II. 373.) 

Sir HENRY NORREYS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1570, Sept. 23. Paris. Partly to the same effect as letter 
to Cecil [see Col. S.P. Foreign, Eliz.,] of same date. They of the 
religion come in such troops that this day a proclamation was 
made that no one should come accompanied to the Court but 
with his ordinary train, and if any quarrel arise for particular 
affairs the magistrates to reform the same and if it pass their 
power, to repair to Monsieur the King's brother, " whose 
credit increases so fast as the King may repent it." Having 
no money has been unable to buy mullets for the Queen. 

By a letter from Spires of the 7th he understands that only 
two of six articles were agreed upon ; that an army might 
be formed at the common expense for the safety of the country, 
and that Lazarus Swendy should command. 

That no soldier should be levied for the service of a 
foreign prince without the consent of the Emperor was 
refused. The Princes then departed. 

Some of the German Archbishops and Bishops would gladly 
shake off the Pope's yoke, as he hath demanded a new oath of 
them, without which they cannot be confirmed at the Pope's 
hands. Among them is the Bishop of Cologne. 

1 p. (II. 375.) 

The EARL OF LEICESTER to the ARCHBISHOP OF 
CANTERBURY [Matthew Parker]. 

[1570,] Oct. 10. Windsor. Your Lordship's letter, being 
delivered me in her Majesty's presence, it was her pleasure, 



175 

learning it was from your Lordship, to open and read it herself. 
" Which having well perused and remembering full well 
the information heretofore given touching those persons 
your Grace writes for, she was in some offence to find that 
the matter was so far excused by you, and you so loth to have 
them better understand their faults. She willed me in any 
wise to signify it even so to your Grace and to put you in 
remembrance what her Majesty was wont to say to you 
touching your over much sufferance and lenity towards 
disordered persons whereupon she thinketh they have taken 
greater boldness and encouragement to proceed as they do, 
much otherwise than if you had done your office accordingly, 
they would dare to do. I cannot tell what else, but much 
more (my Lord) to this effect her Majesty willed me to say 
from her which knowing this to be enough do omit for this 
time. But in conclusion her Majesty's pleasure, I see, is 
that your Grace should have due regard to the office she 
hath called you to, and that above all other things you care- 
fully look to the good observation of the ecclesiastical orders 
appointed in this Church within her government, whereof 
.she hath placed you a principal minister, that the true Religion 
may quietly go forward and not to be impeached disorderly 
by every man's private or absolute will, that the form of the 
service in this Church established ... be not changed 
. . . in any place contrary to law and order, that the 
breakers and disobeyers of the same, be by your Lordship 
and the rest joined to assist you, duly corrected and punished, 
seeing so many tolerations and so oft mild warnings will not 
serve, And doth admonish you to consider not only the sundry 
speeches heretofore she hath had with you, . . . but 
to weigh with yourself whose officer you are, and not seek 
so much to please the number as to discharge the trust com- 
mitted you by her. And for the particular matter you have 
written on, her Majesty ... is not ignorant of the great labours 
the parties have [torn] to have their doings wrapt up, . . . 
wherefore her Majesty commandeth you that this matter 
be thoroughly examined, the rather to understand the truth of 
the Dean of Norwich's doings, whom they say did give his 
consent to this they have done, for that he not only informed 
her Majesty of the disorderly com[mitted ?] but utterly seemed to 
mislike of their whole doings, the which her Majesty willeth 
to be tried for so is their fault [torn] or greater. But where- 
soever the fault truly [torn] she meaneth that she would have 
the world [torn] that manifest contempt and disobedience 
[torn] past over at the magistrates' hands. It is [not pyx] 
and copes her Majesty saith that she makes matter [torn] 
against pyx or cope in so public a place [but] to give cause 
that her zeal to religion should be [torn] of, or that others 
like shall be so bold elsewhere likewise to enterprise their 
own reformation to the open contempt of her Majesty. She 
thinketh it more than convenient that severe regard thereof 



176 

be had in time, and looks that this respect alone should 
sufficiently move your Grace to be more earnest to have 
due redress for such, adding also that this is not the first 
li'ke attempt in her time, that it should ask so easy a discharge, 
the information being proved. And therefore she trusts she 
shall have no cause hereafter to think you so remiss by so 
over slight passing this." It must seem to those who know 
this to be done without authority either that her Majesty 
will not reform evil, " or that she is careless in matters of 
Religion. To be thought so in Religion you may consider 
what opinion it must breed, surely not such as should be to 
a well deserving prince whose deeds, thanks be to Almighty 
God giveth no such cause hitherto so to be thought of. . . . 
I God grant us we may long enjoy this godly and good reformation 
which it hath pleased Him by this our prince to send us. It cannot 
be that all things can be so perfect but there will be found 
some want, . . . for there is no such perfection at no 
time in our doings. . . not that each private person, 
having received so much the more plenty of God's grace 
by understanding or knowledge, shall take upon himself to 
step into the prince's place or magistrates'. I think that 
comet h not of perfection, for I am assured it is merely against 
the express words of God. . . . We have a good prince by 
whom under God we enjoy much good ; ... let us not bring in 
question to have her thought ill, because we will be counted 
good. If there be anything that is not so perfect as we would 
have it, what cause is there of any such despair that godly 
advertisement should not better prevail than unlawful control- 
ment ? . . . Let us not by seeking to put away Popish 
ceremonies bring in Popish customs. It was wont to be his 
part and his clergy's to deal with princes and magistrates 
thus. I have, I know, troubled your Grace too long ; my 
message from her Majesty had been sufficient and not to have 
said so much of myself, but surely beside the place I hold, 
my conscience moveth me to it." 

Postscript. " It is informed that after the disorder com- 
mitted in Norwich Church, and that sundry found fault 
therewith even of the best protestants, and feared them 
like to answer to it. They sent for one Slaughter (or such a 
name he hath) of Cambridge who preached at the green yard 
there and in his sermon, as it is reported here to us, should 
marvellously commend the fact done in the Church" 
confirming their doings, and demanding that they should 
not be punished or ill handled for their doings, for they were 
the very saints of God. It were well and reason your Grace 
enquired hereof likewise. 

5 pp. Endorsed : The copy of my [torn] the Archbishop 
of Canterbury] by the Queen's Majesty's comman[d]. (II. 633). 

THE ANSWER TO BE GIVEN TO THE ABBOT OF DlJMFERLINE. 

1570, Dec. 4. {See Cal S.P, Scotland, flliz., under date.} 
(II. 379.) 



177 

MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1570, Dec. 29. Sheffield. Has written to the Queen, her 
sister, desiring her to proceed with the treaty, since the Bishop 
of Galloway and Lord Levington are passed toward her, to 
be associate with the writer's ambassador. Hopes there 
shall be no further delay, and prays the Earl to further the 
same, seeing it tends to the honourable contentment and 
surety of the said Queen, to the comfort of both and to the 
quietness of the whole isle. 

She hopes thereby to recover perfectly her health and to 
be relieved of the infirmity wherewith she has been so long 
and dangerously troubled, and will refuse nothing within her 
power for the Queen's reasonable satisfaction, as her ambas- 
sador will declare. Signed " Your richt good frind and 
consignes Marie R." 

\ p. Seal (II. 383.) 

E[DWARD EARL OF] RUTLAND to MR. CONISTON of the 
Admiralty. 

1571, June 15. Rame. Refers to injury done by Coniston's 
nephew to the Earl's tenants at Fritwell. He had shewn 
him the more favour for the sake of Coniston and his brother- 
in-law, Mr Hussey. 

1 p. Seal. (II. 385.) 

The EARL OF LEICESTER to the BISHOP OF PETERBOROUGH 
[EDMUND SCAMBLER]. 

[1571-2 ?] Jan. 28. In favour of Mr. Wyborne, preacher 
at Northampton. They have there a " weekly exercise by 
the assembly of the ministers and preachers of all the county 
about, who are examined of their doctrine and life." He 
wishes the Bishop would do the same. 

The poor men of Northampton, which is a great town, 
have been reformed by Wyborne, and if he be defaced, they 
will be discouraged. The Bishop should go there and see 
for himself. " Try it yourself, be your own judge ... be 
not afraid to do that you ought." The Queen will be offended 
if such a town is not duly served. Wyborne is " neither 
accused nor quitt." The Bishop's Chancellor is no favourer of 
the godliest ; he " seeketh too much the gain of his purse." 

1J PP- Copy. (II. 647.) 

The EARL OF LEICESTER to the BISHOP OF PETERBOROUGH 
[EDMUND SCAMBLER]. 

1571[-2,] Feb. 19. The Court. Although he has no liking 
to keep Mr. Wiborne at Northampton, the Bishop was the chief 
cause of his leaving his book at the University to go there 
two or three years ago. Wiborne made no innovations ; 
he was not minister, only Preacher and Reader, and has 
diligently discharged that office : he was called before the 

p 12 



178 

Commissioners, and by them told to go home and do as he 
had done. From the Bishop, who knew him, he might expect 
more toleration than from them. He should not be misliked 
for his variance with the townsmen, as his cause is more like 
to get enemies than friends. He may differ about ceremonies, 
(though the Earl knows it not) but if the Bishop knew this, 
he should have warned him. The Bishop's consideration of 
his case is requested. 

2 pp. Copy ; torn, and endorsement almost effaced. (II. 389.) 

PLAN or THE BATTLE OF LEPANTO by G. R. 
1572. Printed by the heirs of Antonio Baldo, with the 
crest and triple crown of Pope Gregory III. . 
Large sheet. (II. 539.) 

HENRY KILLIGREW to the EARL OF LEICESTER. 
[1575. About May.*] " The man that desired me to 
present this enclosed unto your Lordship would gladly know 
your pleasure therein for it will ask two months' work. If 
therefore you like his device, it may please you to take order 
with Mr. Dudley or some other for the furnishing of him with 
money. By his account the charges will draw to 50?., which 
sum he desires not to have in his own hands, but that he may 
receive it by 4/. or 51. at a time, and would gladly also that some 
by your Lordship's appointment may see how he doth employ 
the same. The man is honest and I think will serve your 
turn very well and far better in deed than in words. The 11. 
which he had of me is employed about a fountain which he 
mindeth to present unto the Queen's Majesty a singular 
piece of work, whereof the like was never seen in these parts. 
I beseech your Lordship to let him know your pleasure by 
my brother or some other, for that I think to go over myself 
this journey with my Lord of Honsden, if he obtain leave 
for me as I think he will." 
/ I p. Holograph. Endorsed: Fireworks. (II. 607.) Enclosing, 

The Paper alluded to. 

The first evening in the meadow : Serpents of fire. Eight 
or ten pots of wonderful and pleasing things. Also birds 
to fly about in the air scattering fire. Two dogs and 
cats which will fight in the fireworks. 
The second evening in the courtyard of the Palace : A 
fountain throwing wine, water and fire seven or eight 
hours continuously. This will be worth seeing for its 
marvellous fireworks. Three wheels of wonderful scented 
fire and of different colours. 

The third evening in the river : A dragon as big as an 
ox, which will fly twice or thrice as high as the tower of 
St. Paul's, and at that height, will burn away, and 

* The Queen arrived at Kenil worth on July 7. 



179 

suddenly will issue from its whole body dogs, cats and 
birds which will scatter fire on all sides. 

There will be many other things in these fireworks im- 
possible to describe in writing. I will do it all at my 
best according to the money sent me for expenses. 

1 p. Italian. (II. 609.) 

Progress of QTTEEN ELIZABETH to Kenilworth. 

[1575.*] " Remembrance for the Progress." Three routes 
are given from Windsor to Killingworth [Kenilworth] with 
mileage, (1) Chenies, Rycott, Oxford, Woodstock, Banbury, 
Coventry, Warwick, (2) Bisham, Ewelme, Byssitor [Bicester], 
or Buck, Banbury and as above, (3) Misselden [Missenden], 
Aylesbury, Buck, Dan try, [Daventry,] Coventry and as (1). 

Carriage to be appointed for all nobility and all office for 
the Queen and her house. 

No herd ward, shoemaker or artificer to have carts but 
their carriage with horses. 

Letters to be sent to the Sheriffs of Oxford and Warwick 
to levy 300 quarters of wheat in each shire, besides the privy 
bakehouse, or to say whether they can serve baked bread. 

Letters to be sent to the Commissioners of the Peace of 
both shires or other gentlemen to know how the Queen may 
be served of beeves, muttons, veales and lambs, herons, 
shovelards, bittors or any kind of fowl or fresh- water fish, 
rabbits &c, and what may be served by the day at Woodstock, 
Coventry, Warwick and Killingworth and price set for the 
same for the time of her abode there. 

Oxford and Coventry brewing may serve for Woodstock, 
Warwick and Killingworth, and also bought bread if need be. 

A staple to be made for the p[o]ulters for the month at 
Oxford and Coventry for the standing houses. 

Salt store to be laid at [blank]. 

Wood of sorts to be had of the Queen's own about her Grace 
standing houses to be laid in and also rushes of the country. 

Coals to be made out of such wood, and laid in aforehand. 

Order to be given by the Sheriffs of the shire at the said 
standing house by letters for laying in of hay, litter, oats, 
horsebread and such like. 

Wines of all sorts to come from London and laid in the 
place appointed for the journey by the jestes. 

If the ale of the country will not please the Queen, then it 
must come from London, or else a brewer to brew the same 
in the towns near. 

That ale and beer be brewed at Oxford and to serve within 
20 miles of the same town. 

1 p. (II. 517.) 



* This is shewn to be the celebrated visit to Kenilworth in 1575 by the 
date of Easter given in a marginal note. 



180 

CHRISTOPHER ASSHLEY to MR. LEAVER, ARCHDEACON 
OF COVENTRY. 

[Not later than 1577.*] A long letter upon religious subjects. 
4 pp. (II. 563.) 

[GEORGE NEDHAM] to [the EARL OF LEICESTER ?]. 

[Not later than 1582.f] Has become unpopular for doing 
his duty in redress of matters of custom paying, and is odious 
with all merchants both English and strangers at London and 
Antwerp, and has spent all his means. Has been warned 
by his wife's friends not to go to Antwerp, where he is com- 
plained of to be the discloser of Emden. Desires to be 
recommended to the Lord Treasurer to have in farm the cranes 
and the new wharves, which he has devised to his great charge 
and trouble. It is said by many that he has beat the bush 
and others shall have the birds. 

Without signature or address, but see ante, p. 22. 

1| pp. (II. 613.) 

The EARL OF LEICESTER to CHRISTOPHER BLOUNT, 
LIEUTENANT OF HIS HORSE. 

[1587,] June 7. " I am sorry Mr. Kytt for your hurt, 
and yet glad you have 'scaped so well, considering at whose 
direction you were, and whereof I was greatly afraid when 
I heard he had taken you with him. Well I trust now to 
be with [you] very speedily, and I pray you let me find a 
fair band at my coming. I bring 200 fair liveries with me 
for them. Let all my friends understand of my coming, 
within 15 days I trust to be in Flushing. My Lord Wyllowby 
will be there by Tuesday next or Wednesday at furthest, 
so will the Lord Marshal also. There doth come with me 
4,000 men which is the cause of my longer stay, but they 
are almost ready to come hither. 

"My 1. of Buckhurst hath almost marred all if it be true 
is advertised that he hath gone far with the States in the matter 
of peace, and in other sort doth it seem than ever her Majesty 
gave him authority, for I know his uttermost warrant is to 
let some of the wiser sort understand what offers and means 
is made unto her from the King of Spain and whether they 
could like to hearken to it if they could, then to advertise 
if not that she intends not to deal without them. How far 
farther my Lord is gone and to how many places published 
you may better learn there or this but if he have gone further 
than I set down, he hath abused her Majesty. Repair to 
the Hague or send for Wood to you and give him order to dress 
up all my muskets and calivers and armours, as also my 

* Thomas Leaver was Archdeacon of Coventry from 1559 to 1577. 

t In 1582, Sept. 6, George Nedham petitions as Farmer of the Custom 
House Quay in London, showing that at that date he had obtained the post 
he was seeking. See Gal. Cecil MSS., Vol. II, p. 520. 



181 

tents and hales. And if he want wherewith, speak to my 
cousin Shirley to prest him some 201. or 30/. to do these and 
other things withal which he shall receive order for. 

11 Commend me to my old servant Mrs. Madleyn and bid her 
see all things handsome for me at the Hague against I come 
and if she be in any want I pray you let her have 20 nobles 
or Wl. till I come. Fare well, Kytt. 

(Postscript.) " I have given Pettve a company of footmen. 5 

2 pp. (IT. 725.) 

IRELAND. 

1588. A particular book of the wages grown due to the 
Lord Deputy, chief officers, and others of her Majesty's army 
in pay within that realm for one half, containing (with the 
odd days included, and allowed for the leap-year) 183 days 
beginning primo Ocfobris, 1587, and ending ulto. Marchii, 
1588, scilicet in annis [sic] 1588, Eliz. R. XXX. 

[Another copy is in S.P. Ireland calendared under date 1588, 
March 31 also calendared in Carew MS. 1588, p. 461, 
No. 652.] (II. 421.) 

SPANISH ARMADA. 

1588, May 9. Lisbon. Account of the ships, armament 
and personel of the Armada. 

2 pp. Spanish, bearing John Evelyn s signature on title page. 
(II. 445.) 

ARCHBISHOP MATTHEW PARKER to [the EARL OF LEICESTER?]. 

[No year.] Dec. 25. Lambeth. Recommending the bearer 
[unnamed] for a prebend at Canterbury resigned to him by 
William Darell. 

| p. (II. 665.) 

LADY KATHARYNE BARKELEY to [the EARL OF LEICESTER], 

[Before 1590,] Feb. 21. Strensham. . . . My going out of 
Warwickshire was not a little to my discontentment being now 
divided from your worthy sister. Your corning into those 
parts was to me no less comfortable than to the residue of the 
country beneficial. I am a suitor to you in the behalf of 
this bearer ; being somewhat akin to my Lord, I am desirous 
to advance him, that he may be preferred to the Queen's 
service. " I would not be any means to procure his abode in 
a place of so great charge knowing his own living not to be 
sufficient to maintain him about the court without his great 
hindrance." My Lord intendeth to furnish him with apparel 
or give him money against his coming to the court. 

My cousin George reported to me at his late being here how 
beneficial he had found you. I render thanks to your Lordship. 
Upon his well deserving I trust you will continue his good 
Lord. I am sorry to hear my Lord of Warwick is so grievously 
pained with his old disease. \He died 1590. ] 

2 pp. Holograph. (II. 681.) 



182 

COPY of the WILL of the EARL OF LEICESTER. 

1588, Sept. 11. Date of certified copy; the will itself being 
dated Aug. 1, 1587. (IT. 406.) 

Sir WILLIAM RUSSELL to WILLIAM, LORD BURGHLEY. 

1599, May 13. Dublin. Has cut off by the sword Feagh 
McHugh, and recommends the specially good deserving of 
Sir John Chichester, Sergeant Major, and Captain Lea. 

1 p. (II. 449.) 

QUEEN ELIZABETH to [HENRY,] EARL OF PEMBROKE. 

1599, [July 2 on back]. Greenwich. In commendation of 
his son.* 

Ends : " Neither is there any thing, for which we estfeem] 
him more than in that we see how long he thinketh it, in . . . 
of his natural duty, to be separated from you, without record 
. . . his appearance ; though he be full of duty and devotion 
to do [us] service. Cherish him therefore, for our sake the 
rather, and [be] assured that we shall be partakers of all 
contentments in that worth [?] which his good beginnings 
promiseth you : to whom when he hath made his principal 
account of attendance, he shall be right welcome back to us 
again : but how much the more for her sake that bare him 
leave rather to herself to judge than to our pen to describe. 
And for this we end with our best wishes to you both [for 
your] happiness." 

1 p. Torn at side. Sign manual above which the Queen has 
written in Tier own hand, " Your most loving Sovereign." 
Endorsed : " Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Pembroke touching 
his son." (I. 9.) 

G[EORGE, BARON] HUNSDON to Sir FRANCIS KNOLL YS. 

1599, July 20. Greenwich. " I understand by my servant 
the pains you have taken, and your good and discreet carriage 
in the search of Parkin's house,f but it seemeth that the darkness 
of the night gave opportunity for the escape of the Jesuit and 
seminary, whose apprehension might have sorted to important 
effects, who though escaped may by better examination be 
discovered. . . The place where you found the plate and the 
1,3002. in gold was five 'months since stuffed with better than 
20,0002. of the chief Papists in England, gathered against the 
day of an invasion. But those birds being flown, I fear there 
will prove no cause of just detaining what you hold. Yet, 
I pray you, let it be in safe keeping, and for her Majesty's use, 
until upon my further examination and conference with 
Parkyns, you shall receive further order . . . from me. My 
servant having left with you a warrant for the apprehension 
of him, leaving direction to be subscribed to such a one as 

* The first part of the letter is too much torn to be set out. 

f At Uf ton, Berks, to which also the three next papers refer. See introduction. 



183 

you should think fit, I pray you let some man of yours 
of trust carry it to his house in Wiltshire, and in his company 
bring him up hither to me. Or else if he shall come to you to 
arrest him thereupon, and by some one of your servants send 
him up." 1 p. (II. 453.) 

[Sir] EDW[ARD] COKE to Sir FRANCIS KNOLLYS. 

1599, Aug. 24. Hatton House. I understand that there 
are certain sums of money in your hands, taken from certain 
recusants in a late search made by you in the county of " Bark." 
I pray you that whenever any commission shall come down 
to enquire of the goods and chattels of the same recusants, 
you will be ready to give in evidence for the finding of the 
said money belonging to Her Highness. 

\ p. (II. 457.) 

T[HOMAS, BARON] BUCKHURST to Sir FRANCIS KNOLL YS. 

1599, Oct. 24. The Starchamber. On Sunday last I made 
my Lords of the Council acquainted with the cause of 
Mr. Vachell ; the money is to be restored to him, but no order 
to be given for the same until they speak with you and for that 
purpose have appointed Sunday next 28th instant. 

J p. (II. 461.) 

[Sir] JO[HN] POPHAM, CHIEF JUSTICE, to Sir FRANCIS 
KNOLLYS, at Reading. 

1599, Dec. 26. White Friars. Threatening to send a 
Sergeant at Arms for Sir Francis, if he does not comply with 
an order of the Court of Exchequer with respect to money, 
jewels, &c, taken out of the house of Francis Perkins of Ufton, 
part being due to the Queen for the recusancy of Thomas 
Vachell, the overplus to be delivered to Vachell, who had 
petitioned the Council. 

1 p. (II. 465.) 

EARL OF ESSEX. 

1600[-1], Feb. 25." The manner of the death of Robert, 
Earl of Essex, who was beheaded within the Tower of London 
upon Ash Wednesday, 1600." 

3 pp. [In print.] (II. 469.) 

UNDATED PAPERS, TEMP. ELIZABETH. 

Claims made by the Countess of Friesland and her sons. 
Apparently copy. 

2 pp. French. (II. 479.) 

[Undated.] A remembrance to the Governors and Commons 
of the four head towns of Brabant. Remonstrating against 
the breach of the ancient privileges thereof, especially the 
" Blythe Entring " and the " Golden Bull." 

4 pp. (II. 481.) 



184 

ALESSANDO RICCABDY to " Gentlemen.*' 

[Undated.] Knowing the importance of good air, and 
having great affection for London, he wishes to put forward 
an easy plan for keeping that city free from the filth which 
affects its air. The Romans took great care in this matter, 
as do the Venetians now. 

The situation of London, especially in the part of the royal 
palace, makes this easy, but a stop should be put to the washing 
of clothes and of flesh, and of other businesses of the kitchen. 

As is shewn by his model all the aqueducts of the houses, 
those of the wells and those of the kitchens, terminate in a 
receptacle in the most convenient part of the courtyard. 
Rain water may be allowed to go uncovered to the said 
receptacle, or through the streets, as is usual, but the water 
of the wells, and that of the kitchen, in order to avoid constant 
damp and smell in the house, must disappear in the same 
spot ; that is to say in the kitchen and at the foot of the wells 
there will be made a hole into which the water will pour ; 
from this hole a little underground channel will carry the 
water, by its own weight, to the receptacle : that this channel 
may never be blocked, the aperture must be the breadth of 
four fingers, with a small iron grating at the top, having 
holes the size of a finger and no more, so that the channel 
cannot fail to carry anything which passes. Doing the same 
for the well, the water both of this and of the kitchen will 
be carried to the receptacle, which will be a stone cistern, 
one foot underground, more or less, a square of 1J or 2 feet 
according to the house. It will incline towards the street, 
with a mouth six inches square, to which mouth will be joined 
a channel of the same size which will go to the street, carrying 
the water by its weight. The exit of the cistern to the channel 
will have an iron grating, as above, and the cistern will be 
covered by a stone pierced in the centre with a hole large 
enough to take a ball of shoemaker's wax, with five or six 
smaller holes round it at discretion, to carry the rain water 
from the house, which will be directed to that place. If the 
channel, as it leaves the house, is near a neighbour's channel, 
they may be joined, to save the expense, from the wall of the 
house to the stream in the street. All streets will have an 
underground sewer into which the channels of the houses 
will go, the said sewers being 18 inches wide, and the same 
height, more or less. If the channel of one street discharges 
into that of another, the latter must be larger. Thus will be 
carried underground the foul water, instead of being in the 
streets, and it will pass into the river. Whether the water 
of the springs ought to go underground or be allowed to take 
their ordinary course is a matter for the physicians. 

The water running through the streets will be clear, not 
mixing with the kitchen water, but this also might go under- 
ground at small expense. 



185 

In Italy and elsewhere beasts are not slaughtered near the 
places of sale, but the butchers have fixed slaughter places, 
generally on the river and somewhat above it. 

At Antwerp house-refuse has to be put at street-corners 
or cross ways whence it is removed by carts. It would be 
better to put it in a corner of the house to await the cart. 

The cost of the channels is estimated at Wd. per rod for 
the house channels, and 28d. per rod for the public channel, 
taking the cost of bricks to be two ducats per 1,000. Existing 
lead channels can be used for other purposes ; existing stone 
channels will serve the purpose. The expense of the street 
work should be found by the master of houses contributing 
to the Chamber of the Commonalty of London, or the latter 
should borrow at 15 per cent, and assess the total cost propor- 
tionately among the householders. 

Every summer on a fixed day these channels should be 
flushed. 

Arrangements should also be made to secure enough water 
in mill ditches ; a sluice should control the flow of water into 
the ditch below the mill which should be cleansed every five 
years, and kept in repair by the millers. Common ditches 
also must be repaired every five years. In Tuscany such 
work is the duty of specially-appointed resident men. 

As to the ditch which is situated almost in the middle of 
London, above the Cathedral Church, towards the Court, [the 
Fleet] this comes from outside London and has three bridges. 
If the houses which are upon the ditch have foundations so 
deep that the water cannot harm them, the ditch may be 
deep enough for the water of the river to come up to the third 
bridge. Nothing but water should be thrown into the ditch, 
and at its mouth should be a lock, without prejudice to the 
boats, so that the ditch may be flushed. This scheme assumes 
the houses on the ditch to have deep foundations. 

Alternatively, the ditch should be deepened and the dirt 
thrown aside ; then a frame should be made to the ditch, going 
down deep, the earth being thrown at the side mostly where 
the houses are, raising a wall of three or four feet as at Venice. 
Thus the adjoining houses might turn their sewers into it, subject 
to orders, given by the City, forbidding any filth to be thrown 
there and requiring that it should be put in order every five 
years. 

If called upon, for the benefit of the city, he will gladly do 
in her service whatever he can. 

4 pp. Italian. (II. 521.) 

MATTERS ALLEGED ON BEHALF OF LORD MOUNTJOYE. 

[Undated.] That he is able to make copperas and alum 
in sufficient quantity to profit her Majesty, himself and his 
partners, and has made proof of it in practice. And he had 
satisfied herein Sir Hugh Pawlett and Sir Morris Barkley 



186 

That he has suffered so many years of his patent to expire 
is due to his want of ability to bear the charges, to his troubles 
about his mortgaged lands, and to the workhouses, erected 
for the purpose, being mortgaged ; he wished to get them 
into his own possession before disclosing the secret ; he had 
hoped to have aid from her Majesty in this. Also he had 
been unable to make composition with merchants for the 
" vente " and feared to have no sale. 

He petitions the Queen for 2,OOOZ. to recover the works 
and set up new ones, or that she will cause the mortgagees 
to take their debts in the commodities. 

He offers his bond for the money, which may be left in 
sure hands appointed by the Queen, and prays that his patent 
may be extended. 

2 pp. Signed, JAMES MOUNTJOYE. (II. 527.) 

PRINCES OF GERMANY. 

Paper headed " Copie de 1'alliance des princes, ducq et contes 
Dallemaygne et leur adherentes." 
[Undated.] 
\ p. French. (II. 535.) 

PRINCE OF ORANGE. 

List of " names of such as have charge under the Prince of 
Orange in this his enterprise." 
[Undated.] 
ip. (11.537.) 

AMBROSE, EARL OF WARWICK. 

Between 1553 and 1564. A paper headed " Certayne notes 
of divers matters gathered out of the Recordes in the Towre 
that toucheth the Auncestors of the Right Honorable the 
Lord Wa[rwick] sonne of the right noble and valiaunt prynce 
John Late Duke of Northumberlande." 

On the title page coat of 16 quarterings surrounded by 
garter and surmounted by coronet in colours. Extracts from 
Patent Rolls and Charter Rolls from the time of Hen. Ill to 
Edw. IV. At the end pedigree of descent from Richard Beau- 
champ Earl of Warwick married to Elizabeth, d. of Thomas 
Earl Berkeley. 

14 pp. (II. 543.) 

THE ITALIAN MERCHANTS in London. 

[Undated.] Information on behalf of the Italian merchants 
in response to "his Lordship's " orders, of the quantity of cloth 
and other commodities now in their possession, which they 
pray to be allowed to export as they have done heretofore. 

J p. Italian. (II. 691.) 



187 

CECILIA, MARCHIONESS OF BADEN, to QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

[Undated.] After compliments begs her Majesty to accept 
a little ring, not measuring her affection by this mean offering. 
If the ring holds together and does not break, so will also her 
poor service never break. 

" Cecilia, by her own hand, 
born Princess of the Kingdom of Sweden." 

Addressed. " To the mighty, noble and high born Queen, 
the Queen of England, France and ' Erlantt ' [Ireland] and 
our gracious Queen." 

1 p. German. (II. 593.) 

FOR THE VISITATION OF OXFORD [endorsement]. 

Things to be enquired by visitation : 

1. By what statutes the University of Oxford is ruled ; 

2. Whether these are agreeable to God's Word and the laws 

of the realm ; 

3. Whether the -oath to the Queen's superiority have been, 

and is ministered to all who bear office and take degrees ; 

4. Whether such as have received the oath have done it 

with this condition or under this protestation, Salva 
jurisdictione uniuscujusque Episcopi in sua diocesi or 
this Quatenus consentit verbo Domini, alioquin detestor ; 

5. Whether the oath is taken publicly with an audible 

voice and verbatim as the Statutes require ; 

6. Whether the exercises in Divinity are duly kept. 

1. Also in private Colleges to know whether the students 

who by the statutes of their several houses are bound 
within a certain space to be priests delude the statutes 
and not entering the ministry say they be bound to 
be priests not Ministers ; 

2. Whether in the Colleges the Holy Communion is received 

of all the scholars as often in the year as the Church 
prescribes ; 

3. Whether in the Colleges do lurk any priests or beneficed 

men who have not taken the oath to the Queen, nor 
conform to the Religion now established but rather 
manifest contempt. 
1 p. (II. 615.) 

JEAN CALVIN. 

Extract from Calvin touching Bishops, Pastors and Ministers. 
2J pp. (II. 619.) 

WINDSOR CASTLE. 

A declaration of the fees and annuities, pensions Rents resolute 
and the expenses general and necessary at the Honor and 
Castle of Windesor. 

Temp. Eliz. R. [endorsement]. 



188 



In fees in 
County 
Berck : 



Fees in 
County 
Buck. : 



/The Constable's fee 201. 
The Lieutenants . Wl. 
The keeper of Est- 

hampsted Pk. . 41. Us. 3d. 
The keeper of Finch- 

ampsted Bayly- 
wick . . 91. 2s. 6d. 
The keeper of the 

Great Park . 121. 3s. 4d. 

The Knocke pyn fee 

there . . 30s. 5d. 

The keeper of the 

Castle keys. . 61. 20d. 

The keeper of the 

leads . . 60s. Wd. 

The steward of Cook- 
ham and Bray . 41. 
The Controller's fee 9Z. 2s. 6d. 
The keeper of the 

new Lodge in 

Cramburme . 51. 20d. 

(The woodward and \ 150/. 13s. 

warrens fee . 60s. Wd. 

The porter's fee . 41. Us. 3d. 
The keeper of Folly 

John. . . 61. 20d. 

The keeper of Son- 

nynghill . . 61. 20d. 

The keeper of the 

Mote park . . 61. 20d. 

The Riding Fostar(^'c) 106s. 5%d. 
The Clerk's fee . 9/. 2s. 6d. 
The fee of the new 

receipts . .101. 
The fee of the re- 
ceipts for asserte 

rent and pur- 

presture . . 41. Us. 3d. 
The keeper of the 

Little Park . 61. 20d. 

The keeper of the 
> garden . . 41. 
/The steward's fee of 

Langeley Marres 

and Wyrardis- 

bury ... 26s. 8d. 

The steward of Up- 1 14/. 2s. (id 

ton and Taplow 20s. 

The steward of 

Burneham and 

Holmer 40s. 



[sic | 



189 



Fees in 
County 
Buck/: 



Annuities 

and 
pensions : 



Rents' 
resolute : 



Expenses 
general 

and 
necessary ; 



2pp. 



fThe steward of Da- 
chet 

The keeper of Lang- 
ley Pk. 

The keeper of Dy tton 
Pk. . 

Robert Norres clerk 

The Vicar of Burne- 
ham . 

The Vicar of Dorney 

The Vicar of Upton 

/The Vicar of Old 
Windesor . 

The Bishop of Sarum 

The Heirs of John 
Syfferwest . 

The Heirs of Alex- 
ander Newton 

/The making and 

[ car[riage] of the 
Constable's wood 

The making and 
carriage of the 
Wardrobe woods 

The preservation of 
the mead in the 
little park till it 
be mowed . 

The hay making in 
Dytton Park 

Hay bought for 
Langley Park 

The Clerk's riding 
days . 

The Auditors allow- 
ance . 

The Barons allow- 
ance . 

The expenses of the 
audit uncertain 
but this year 

The expenses of the 
swaiimote uncer- 

\ tain but this year 
(IL 629.) 



135. 4d. 

, 
Us. 3d. 



. 11*. 

1065. 

405. 
535. 

265. 

205. 
265. 

125. 
115. 



101. 



3d 

Sd. 



4d. 

SdJ 



Sd. 



141. 2s. 6d. 



III. 65. Sd. 



695. Sd. 



\ 



185. Sd. 



525. 



71*. 4d. 

145. 



125. 



11. 65. Sd. 
21. 



141. 



91. 95. 2d. 



65/. 45. 



GEORGE CORYATE. 

Petition of George Coryate for the parsonage of Warham in 
Norfolk, rated at the value of 1 II. concluding with 10 Latin verses. 

1 p. Signed. Endorsed: "a scolers sute for a parsonage." 
(II. 643.) 



190 

BERWICK. 

[Undated.] Articles or conditions required for the victualling 
of Berwick for 1,500 men for one year with prices of commo- 
dities. 

3 pp. (II. 659.) 

[PETRUCCHIO] UBALDINO [endorsement} to the QUEEN. 

[Undated.] Having recently promised Claudio Cavallerizzo 
and Alfonso Perrabosco to act an Italian comedy to please 
the Queen, is unable to find more than 3 or 4 others willing 
to act. 

\ p. Italian. (II. 663.) 

IMPORT OF WINES IN THE SEVERAL PORTS [endorsement]. 

[Undated.] 1. London, Ipswich, Yarmouth, 
Chichester, Southampton may be let yearly 
over and above all allowances granted by her 
Majesty to the honourable and worshipful of 
the realm for ...... 5,100Z. 

2. Poole for . ... 400Z. 

3. Bristol for . , . . 1,4002. 

4. Bridgwater for , 1002. 

5. Exeter for . . . 7002. 

6. Plymouth for . ... 5502. 

7. Berwick for . . 502. 

8. Chester for . 2001. 

9. Newcastle for . , . 2001. 

10. Hull for . 1,0002. 

11. Boston for ... . 1502. 

12. Lynn for .... . 4502. 

13. Wales for 3002. 



Total 10,6002. 

So is there improved above the yearly rent now 

answered to her Majesty .... 1,5502. 
There will be given for a fine . . . . . 3,0001. 
So the lease shall stand to yr. L. in . . . 1,4502. 

which said sum is to be answered back again with the 

improvement of the first year and one hundred pounds 

gained besides. 

1 can name farmers to the ports according to these rates. 

2 pp. (II. 683.) 

THE INHABITANTS OF THE TOWN OF LYNN [endorsement] . 

[Undated.] They request to have the customs of the port 
in farm before Mr. Sidney, now customer there, or that the 
same may remain in the Queen's hands as heretofore. They 
have also a license to export corn but only in English bottoms. 
For three years none has been shipped. At the last storm 
they lost ten or twelve ships, and want ships. They 



191 

request that they may use the same license in strangers' 
bottoms as in English, without which they cannot pay charges 
for the necessary works done and to be done in and about 
the town. 

1 p. (II. 687.) 

TRANSPORTATION OF CLOTH. 

[Undated.] First that a like license for transporting of cloth 
undressed &c. be granted from the Queen, her heirs and 
successors for ever unto the fellowship of Merchant Adventurers 
and to their successors, mutatis mutandis with like words as the 
other license be granted to Lord Robert Dudley &c. for certain 
years with authority to substitute searchers from time to 
time to try and find offenders. Item that all woollen commodities 
to be transported into the Low Countries of Zealand, Brabant, 
Flanders and Holland be shipped but at four times in the 
year, yearly at the most. And that at such time and to 
such places as the Merchant Adventurers trade unto in the 
said Low Countries and at no other time nor to any other 
place. [Marginal note.] " The navy shall be the better main- 
tained, coulourers cut off and custom better paid." 

i p. (II. 691.) 

A DISCOURSE HOW THE QlJEEN's CUSTOMS AND SUBSIDY MAY 
BE BETTER ASSURED. 

[Undated.] A statute of 27 Henry VIII forbad white cloth 
above the value of 4/. and colored cloth above the value of 
five marks to be transported, and since this statute such cloth 
has only been transported by license. A survey should be 
made how many such licenses remain in force. 

The Queen should make a restraint that no more pass but 
that the statute made for a common wealth may be put 
in execution. 

If she grant to any person power to suffer these cloths 
to pass, yea although she take a ferm of I2d. a cloth, such 
person so appointed will be as good a watch and overseer 
what cloths pass as all other her officers, and will not suffer 
things to pass as is supposed now to do, for every man is 
more careful for his own private profit than for any other 
person's. 

She will thus be a double gainer viz. in her ferm which after 
I2d. a cloth and 40,000 cloths a year will amount to 2,OOOZ. 
a year rent increase, and her custom much better answered. 

It may be alleged that drapery shall thus be decayed, which 
is not true, for since 27 Henry VIII no cloths have passed 
without licence, and yet drapery is much increased, but if 
drapery should decrease, two commodities would ensue, (1) 
to the Queen because more wool shall be shipped and the 
custom of that is more profitable value for value than of 



192 

cloth, (2) to the Realm because the inordinate cloth making 
damages it in many ways, and upon some increase may be 
dangerous to the whole state. 

1J p. Endorsed : J. M. (II. 741.) 

FOB THE FARMING OF THE CUSTOM OF BRISTOL BY THE MAYOR 

[endorsement]. 

[Undated.] If the farm be granted to any private person 
these discommodities will ensue : 

By the credit thereof they will attempt adventures to the 
sea, being without control of any officer, which adventures 
will hinder the trade of young occupiers. 

They will engross all merchandise brought in by strangers, 
they first having notice thereof, and will utter the same at 
what price they will. 

If they may not so have the merchandise, or mislike to 
deal with it, they will oppress the merchant strangers by 
immediate payment of customs before the goods are sold, 
or by refusal of accustomed allowances. 

They will force the strangers to buy of them, or will permit 
them to feign employment, and convey away the money. 

Prohibited wares, as hides, calyesskins, down, butter, cheese, 
tallow will be permitted. 

They will deal with other the Queen's subjects (being 
merchants) with like extremity. 

If the farm be granted to the Mayor and commonalty the 
aforesaid will be avoided, and these commodities will follow : 

The Mayor and commonalty will be no adventurers. 

They will not engross stranger's goods. 

They will courteously entreat strangers and allure them 
thither. 

They will see the employment made in lawful wares bought 
of the inhabitants. 

They will not convey prohibited wares, nor suffer others to 
do so. 

They will give strangers and merchants of the city reasonable 
time for payment of customs. 

They will employ the profit for the relief of the poor, and 
the common state of the city, and although the Chamber of 
the city be some deal at loss thereby, if the common wealth 
be advanced, they count it well bestowed. 

1 p. (II. 759.) 

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. 

[Undated.] Orders or decrees of the University concerning 
Registration of students and payments of fees. 

Subsequent to 1611, the date of the institution of the order of 
Baronets. 

6 pp. Latin. (II. 599.) 



193 

CHARLES I to the VIZIER or THE SULTAN. 

1626[-7], March 20. Westminster. Recalling Sir Thos. 
Roe and appointing Sir Peter Wiche as ambassador. 
J p. Copy. (III. 3.) 

CHARLES I to the SULTAN MORAT HAN. 
Of same date and to same effect as above. 
1 p. Copy. (Ill 5). 

Also second copies of the two preceding papers. 
(III. 7 and 11.) 

" ACTS " concerning the ships JAMES and BENEDICTION. 

1631, Sept. 15. Admiralty at Dieppe. Before Jean 
Aveline, counsellor of the King, Lieut. -General for his Majesty 
in the Admiralty of France at Dieppe. 

Order to proceed to the sale and award of the ships James 
and Benediction of London, taken and brought into this port 
by Jacob Bontemps, captain in the navy, in 1629, with their 
rigging, powder &c. (as mentioned in the inventories thereof 
made), according to the ordinance of Cardinal Richelieu, 
grand master of the navigation and commerce of France. 

Roger de Lannoy, serjeant of the town, having made public 
proclamation to the people in certain places in the town 
[enumerated] that any persons wishing to bid for or prize the 
said ships could view them at certain times and places specified, 
did yesterday, the 14th inst., present his " proces- verbal," 
containing the request of the said Bontemps and those 
interested with him in his last voyage, for the sale of the 
said ships &c. in virtue of the ordinance of the Cardinal, and 
of the sentence by us given on the llth inst. 

And the said Lannoy has also summoned Thomas Blissart, 
English merchant, for himself and other owners of the said 
ships to appear by Mr. Daniel Hellard, their solicitor, on the 
day appointed for the sale, to look after the interests of the 
said owners. Upon which summons Hellard personally 
appeared and declared that Brissart [sic] died eight months ago, 
but that as solicitor for the other owners he protested against 
the validity of what had been done. And there also appeared 
Sir Isaac Watte [Wake] Ambassador for the King of Great 
Britain, by his solicitor Jean Griel, merchant dwelling in 
Dieppe (appointed by deed dated on the 6th inst. at Paris) 
who put in a protest from the said Ambassador, declaring 
that the said sale was matter of state, bearing relation to the 
two crowns, the King his master having reserved to himself 
and his Council to decide differences concerning prizes ; and 
yet, without any decree of the said Council, they had proceeded 
to the proclamation of the sale. Wherefore he demanded to 
have given him the ordinance of the Cardinal, and protested 
against the validity of the sale, 

P 13 



194 

Bontemps alleged that at the time of the sale of the goods 
in the said ships, the English merchants tried to hinder the 
sale, and to that end obtained " lettres de cachet " from the 
French King by surprise, but which letters the King in his 
Council had annulled and ordered the sale to proceed, which 
was done. And now again, they try to hinder the sale of the 
ships, but Bontemps prays that notwithstanding the delays 
demanded by the ambassador, the sale may be proceeded with 
according to the Cardinal's ordinance. 

And the aforesaid Hellard has now declared that Christopher 
Croop, domiciled with Pierre Rasse in Dieppe is interested in 
the Benediction and that Frangois Blissart, also domiciled 
in Dieppe is interested in the James. 

Upon all which matters we have ordered that the sale of 
the said ships shall be proceeded with according to the ordinance 
of the Cardinal and without regard to the opposition of the 
Ambassador ; notice to be given to the said Hellard that 
the owners of the ships or their solicitors may be present at the 
sale if they so desire. [Here follow particulars of the terms 
of sale.] And Lannoy is to make proclamation of the said 
sale at the accustomed places on Sunday next. 

Signed. Aveline Le Moyne. 

11 pp. French. (I. 17.) 

Sir SAGKVILLE CROWE'S patent as envoy to the Sultan. 
1634, April 9. Westminster. 
1| p. Latin. (III. 29.) 

CHARLES I. 

1634[-5], March 15. Westminster. Letters patent, placing 
i/he office of Lord Treasurer in commission, on the death of 
Richard, Earl of Portland. 

8 pp. Copy. (III. 35.) 

REMONSTRANCES OF THE KING OF GREAT BRITAIN on the 
rigour of the ordonnanoes of the Marine of the kingdom 
of France. 

[1635?] Since the present breach between France and 
Spain more than 200 English ships have been seized and taken 
to France, of which more than half have been held lawful 
prizes, the rest released without compensation. 

Ordonnances of Charles VI, year 1400. 

I. Article 1. The Admiral and his Lieutenants are to 
enquire carefully about robberies committed against 
the allies and punish them severely immediately. 

But the French sailors have never been punished for 
searching and pillaging English ships before they 
have been condemned. 



195 

II. Article 2. The Admiral shall make the chief officers 
of a man of war take oath before going out viz. the 
master and his four fellow officers. 

This is never done, although it is very right. 

III. Article 6. Orders that if there is a doubt whether 
the prize belonged to the allies, it should be deposited, 
till this is cleared up, at the expense of the " thing," 
or of the captors, if it is judged no prize. 

But the English have always had to pay the expenses, 
often equivalent to the value of the ship and goods. 

IV. Article 8. If the French make a capture from the 
allies without due cause, the admiral shall make 
restitution. 

The facts being proved, it seems just that the captor 
should be condemned in all charges, damages and 
interest, without the judge having power to liquidate 
them, as they have done at one per cent of the sum due. 

Ordonnances of King Francis I, 1517. 

V. Article 19 requires every French ship to carry the 
admiral's flag. For this see Article 13. 

VI. Article 22 requires the officers of the Admiralty 
to obligate all ships going to sea not to injure the allies. 

This is not done, whence it most frequently results 
that the captains being usually persons of little or no 
substance, when the prize is released, the English 
do not know to whom to turn for compensation. 

It is insufficient to obligate simply ; the captains should 
give security as is done everywhere else, both for 
themselves, and their setters out (" bourgeois, armateurs 
et avitailleurs ") or that the setters out should give 
security. It is provided by Article 4 of the treaty 
of 29 Mar., 1632, that captains &c. should give good 
security in 10,000 livres, and under pain of corporal 
punishment, confiscation of ships, &c. they were forbidden 
to injure English ships. 

It is frequently the case that governors of towns, 
magistrates, provincial advocates and even the receivers 
of the High Admiral are partners in the privateers, so 
that English shipmen arriving in French ports find 
no one bold enough to help them. 

It therefore seems reasonable that persons of the 
aforesaid quality should be forbidden to be directly or 
indirectly interested in the privateers, on pain of forfeiting 
all claims they may have in the prizes taken. 

Ordonnances of Francis I of 1543. 

VII. Article 42 hereof repeated in Article 69 of Henry III, 
1584 provides that if an enemy or any merchandize 
belonging to an enemy is in a siiip that ship shall be 



196 

lawful prize, so that even if there is (so to speak) a 
dirty cloth or a nightcap belonging to the enemy, 
or a monk or passenger whom an Englishman has 
from charity taken on board, the whole may be lawful 
prize a law unheard of even with the Turks, who 
would only confiscate the enemy's goods, returning 
to their allies all that belonged to them. This would 
be unbearable for merchants ; for example a merchant 
in England orders goods from his factor in a neutral 
place ; can the latter discover whether the ship which 
brings them carries anything belonging to the enemies 
of France ? Since the declaration of war, Spain only 
seizes the goods of the enemy if found in an English 
ship ; she releases the ship. 

It was not intended that this article should be thus 
rigorously applied, it being only meant to prevent 
fraud upon the French. 

VIII. Article 43 allowing the confiscation of the ship 
and cargo of the ally who has thrown his charter party 
into the sea is just. 

But [French] captains have often seized and suppressed 
charter parties, pretending that the masters [of the 
seized vessel] had thrown them overboard, in order 
to obtain adjudication. The captain's report and that 
of his crew must therefore be compared with that of 
the master and crew of the prize. In some cases there 
is no charter party. 

[Various cases are given in which this might occur.] 

IX. Article 44, confirmed by Article 71 of the Ords. of 
Hen. Ill, 1584, enacts that setters out of the ships 
should not be held liable for prizes illegally made unless 
they have profited thereby, but for the English this 
would always mean the loss of their goods because 
the capturing soldiers are men of straw and incapable 
of paying compensation ; yet the ally should be 
indemnified by someone ; saving to the setters out 
redress against the captains, officers and men of their 
ships, as may be agreed between them. 

Ordonnances of Hen. Ill, 1584. 

X. Article 47 hereof requires the captain before 
sailing to deposit with the registrar all the names of his 
crew, and on their return to declare if they have brought 
them all back under pain of fine. 

This article is often neglected, whence arise many 
inconveniences. Being so important, it should be 
enforced on both setters out and crews, on pain of 
forfeiture of any prize they may have made. 

XI. Article 61 provides that if a " rescue " has been 
24 hours in the hands of the enemies of France, it is 



197 

lawful prize. But if recovered within 24 hours, the 
person who recovers it shall only have the third. 

In the matter of rescues there is another difficulty. 
For example, an English ship is taken by those who 
are not at war with England, under pretext that the 
capturing ship asserts that the goods on board belong 
to one of its enemies. With this view the said man 
of war wishes to take the prize into its country to 
have it adjudged good prize. Meanwhile the prize is 
rescued by a French vessel. Is it right that such 
rescue should be judged in France, when it should have 
been declared good, or bad, prize in the place to which 
it had been taken? This has happened too often, yet 
it seems in no way whatever just or reasonable. 

XII. Article 64 enacts that if the ship of an ally 
is met at sea by a French ship and if the French ship 
takes anything out of it, the French crew shall be punished 
with death and torture on the wheel without appeal 
provided that six advocates or counsellors of repute 
have signed the sentence after examination of the 
prisoners. 

This article is very reasonable, piracy being more 
easy to commit and more difficult to prove than robbery 
by land. The article accordingly accepts the state- 
ment of the prisoners who have been robbed as proof. 

Yet English ships, surrendering without resist- 
ance, have been often pillaged by French ships of war, 
neither ship or prisoners being brought in, and have 
only received the value of what was taken, and that 
after paying costs of the proceedings, often equal to 
the value of the ship and goods put together. 

XIII. Article 65 is the most severe, ordaining that 
every allied ship which being summoned by a Frenchman 
shall have refused to obey and made resistance, is 
good prize. 

This was not so before 1584, and defence at sea was 
permitted by natural right. No prince has a right to 
impose such a law save on his own subjects. 

Moreover, in spite of the orders for bearing the flag 
of France &c. mentioned above, many French ships 
sail under a plain white flag, without the three lilies, 
which is merely a flag of peace. When an ally sees 
such a ship bear down upon her and prepare to board 
her, it certainly justifies the Englishman's resistance, 
English ships have also been judged good prize for 
firing a single shot merely to salute a man of war, and 
before it knew the ship to be French. The Frenchman 
may send his boat to satisfy himself of the nationality 
of the other ship, but may not search it, as is expressly 
laid down in the treaty of 1632. And if the merchant 
ship is delayed, the setters out of the other are liable 



198 

for charges. On the two points (1) if the French ship 
carried its proper flags, (2) whether the English ship 
knew that the other was French, the two parties 
frequently give different versions of what occurred. 
On the first point the French ship should be believed, 
but on the second most weight should attach to the 
statements of the English crew, or in either case light 
may be gained by confronting the two parties ; and 
the decision must be loyally given according to the 
probabilities and appearances. 

The rigour of the ordonnances above examined remains 
also to be proved by the manner in which the English 
are treated when in the hands of the men-of-war. 

Some English have been beaten, ill-treated and abused, 
by the French ; others robbed without their ship being 
brought in ; other [ships] burnt without any reason 
given. For the future this must cease, and for the 
past reparation must be made. 

The Englishman brought into a French port is 
immediately kept so close that he can get no assistance 
by way of advice or money. He should have 24 hours 
liberty to interest some one in his behalf, according to 
Article 6 of the treaty of 1632. 

The interpreter is a matter of importance. The 
owners' interpreter represent these poor foreigners as 
saying what they never dreamt of. There should be 
an interpreter for each side. 

Before the establishment of the Conseil de Marine, within 
the last 14 or 15 years, the local judges of the Admiralty 
used to decide on the validity of the capture, after 
full hearing of both parties. From their verdict there 
was an appeal to the Lieutenant General at the Marble 
Table of the Palais at Paris where once more the parties 
could defend themselves. From this there was appeal 
to Parliament where all was once fully heard, 
and also what might have been omitted before the 
Lieutenant, and so nothing on either side was left 
unheard. 

But now this is all changed. The parties no longer 
argue before the local officers of the Admiralty, and so 
the English are not fairly heard in their defence ; these 
officers merely draw up the report of the captain who 
has made the capture ; the verification of this report 
by his crew ; the examination of the master of the 
captured ship, and of his sailors ; these they send to 
the " Conseil de Marine " at Paris, in a sealed bag, of 
which the contents are not communicated to the English, 
so that the next day an English ship may be confiscated 
without the poor English being heard or called. The 
parties should argue before the officers of the 
'* Admiraultee particuliere," as formerly ; the latter 



199 

should have all the facts before them, before they 
report to the " Conseil de Marine," for the investigation 
can be far better made before the Court of the place 
to which the prize has been brought than at Paris 
where the parties rarely go. 

It will be said perhaps that the Interrogatories are 
secret and ought not to be communicated to the parties ; 
that they are charges and informations and not simple 
enquiries and verbal proofs ; but this is what they 
deny, and for proof it is added that the Interrogatories 
are not in any way subject to re-examination and 
confrontation ; a sure testimony that they are only 
simple enquiries and verbal proofs, besides the fact 
that the English are condemned to nothing beyond 
loss of their ships and goods. Also Article 5 of the 
treaty of 1632 signifies that the captors are bound 
within 24 hours to place all the papers before the 
registrar that those interested may have a copy of 
them. And whereas the process may be sent so 
hurriedly to Paris that judgment may be given before 
the English can be there if they wish to appear 
themselves ; it is only reasonable that in giving their 
decision to remit the case to Paris the Court of 
" Admiraultee particuliere " should inform the English 
in time for them to appear here, in this city of Paris 
by themselves or by their agents. 

The English should also have the statements made 
before the local court in order to know whether anything 
ought to be brought before the judges, and the several 
advocates or attorneys should make their appearance 
before the Clerks of the " Conseil de Marine " which 
they must signify to the advocate of the opposite party. 

Article 7 of the treaty of 1632 requires that the crew of 
the captured merchantmen shall not be turned out of the 
ship, and none of the cargo be unloaded without the order 
of those principally interested. This is not observed. 

And thus it seems that all things under the above 
heads might be ' put back into their rightful state, 
and that the English would no longer have grounds 
of complaint, which is the true and only way to main- 
tain the good union, friendship and correspondence which 
there should be between the two crowns and Princes. 
24 pp. (III. 751.) 

JOHN [EARL OF] ROTHES, to the Lord Chamberlain, 
[PHILIP, EARL OF PEMBROKE]. 

1639[-40],* Jan. 27. Edinburgh. Another copy of this 
letter and of the Lord Chamberlain's reply is among the S.P. 

1640, p. 397.] (IIL31, 33.) 



_ 

* The English copyist has no doubt altered the year date from Scottish 
to English style. 



200 

Sir EDWARD LITTLETON to HUMPHREY LEIGH, 
Sergt. at Arms. 

1641, June 18. Cranford. Warrant for arrest of John 
Boosey. 

* p. (III. 43.) 



CHARLES I to [JOHN] HEENVLIET [VAN DER KERCKHOVE]. 

1642, April 27. York. rlnforme him of the completion of 
the marriages-treaty between the Princess Mary and the Prince 
of Orange. Nothing more can be desired on either side, nor 
can future questions arise. 

J p. French. Copy. (III. 49.) See p. 203 below. 



Sir GILBERT TALBOT to [Sin RICHARD BROWN ?]. 

1644, Feb. [3-]13. Venice. " This is the 4th packet (as I 
remember) which I have directed to you (under the Venetians' 
Resident's cover) at the instance of my Ld. of Banbury's 
Governor who is at a great fault in his correspondence out 
of France, if you will be pleased to lay the man upon the 
sent [sic] you will do a deed of charity to the young gentleman 
(who hath suffered quarantaine and all the inconveniences of 
a blind guide)." 

* p. (III. 69.) 



WILLIAM CROFTS to [SiR RICHARD BROWN ?]. 

1644, [endorsement], April 18. Rouen. Thanks him for a 
crpher, and desires him to see all his letters delivered. Is 
leaving for England next day, and will represent him to their 
Majesties as a faithful servant. Any answers to the letters 
are to be sent to him. 

ip. (III. 53.) 

JACQUES VANDER WALLE to KING CHARLES I. 

1644, May [4-] 14. Dunkirk. Has received the King's 
letter, and is writing to the Secretary of State. 
\ p. French. Copy. (III. 55.) 



The SAME to [GEORGE, LORD DIGBY, Secretary of State]. 

1644, May [4-] 14. Dunkirk. Has received the letters of 
the King and himself of May 1, and has answered by way of 
France. He has commenced preparations for the building 
of 12 small frigates. But he had applied to the " Sieur 
Sandys," who had arrived at Dunkirk, to furnish the money, 



201 

and to appoint, if he pleased, certain persons to receive and 
distribute it. He communicated with the Due d'Amalfi who 
encouraged him to proceed, and had conferred several times 
at length with Sandys whom he found unwilling to provide 
the money, telling him that the King's intention was only to 
spend about 30,000 florins, or about 2,400/L for each ship. 
Vanderwalle replied that he had sent two models of 50 and 
60 feet respectively, that Sergeant Major Bertram had taken 
away the latter, and that the King's intention was to use that 
proportion, and to have two frigates of 60 feet and 32 oars each 
carrying four or five guns ; eight frigates of 50 feet with 24 oars 
and two guns each ; two others of 40 feet and 8 oars, carrying 
one gun. On the average they would cost 4,000/Z. each. 

He suggested that instead of twelve, it would be better 
to make eight worth 4,000/?. each. If the King did not wish 
to spend so much, he would return the money furnished and 
keep the fabric of the frigates for himself. The wood for 
each frigate and the labour would cost 2,000/?. or 16,000/Z. 
in all, which he could pay in three terms 5,000/2. at once 
and the others as the work advanced, and as for the rigging, 
sails and anchors the Sieur Sandys could buy them where 
he pleased, provided he could be assured of the 16,000/L 
Nothing being concluded, he thinks the King had given no 
absolute order. He therefore writes for more precise orders, 
and if an order is intended, the money should be paid promptly 
to the person indicated by himself. If he had had any suspicion 
of the difficulties made by Sandys, he would not have com- 
mitted himself to the preparations. 

2J pp. French. Copy. (III. 55.) 



[FRANCIS, VISCOUNT] MONTAGUE to [Sir RICHARD BROWN ?]. 

1644, May [20-]30. Rouen.* Requests licence for his 
wife and eight women and for himself and ten men to go to 
England. 

[Noted in shorthand} : To be returned to Mr. Evel n . 

\ p. (III. 59.) 



FERDINAND, Baron FAIRFAX, to EDMUND ANDERSON of Hull. 

1644, June 8. Foulforth. Demanding 400Z. for the supply 
of the army, within six days. 

[Endorsed by Pepys] : . . . communicated to Mr. Pepys by Sr. 
Edmond Anderson, directed to his Father ... J p. (III. 60.) 

* This letter is probably, but not certainly, dated new style ; without 
internal evidence the point cannot be definitely settled. As a rule the 
royalist party abroad, during the Civil War and the Exile, used the style 
of the countries they were in, therefore it has been presumed to be used 
unless the contents of the letter, or the known custom of the writer, indicate 
the contrary. 



202 

Sir THOMAS LTJNSFORD to the PRINCE [OF WALES]. 

[1644 ?] * June 29. Has not been idle since he had his 
liberty. Requests a commission as he has interest in Sussex. 
1 p. Holograph.^ (III. 805.) 

SIR FRANCIS WINDEBANK to [Sir RICHARD BROWN ?]. 

1644, Dec. [16-]26.J Evreux. " I have with difficulty 
through very ill weather and ways made passage to my former 
solitude, and have more leisure to comfort myself with the 
remembrance of your favours and of the contentment I had 
in the free and domestic entertainment you lately vouchsafed 
me than abilities to acknowledge the least of them. ... I find 
. . . my own daughters in the state for matter of health wherein 
I left them, Mrs. Frances being still haunted with her too 
officious and importunate servant and so little dejected with 
it that I fear it will be as opiniatre as she and not quit her 
so soon as we desire. All the service we can do you and your 
lady at this distance is to wish you timely supplies as well 
for his His M. honour as for your own subsisting, the one 
being very highly concerned in the Honor [sic]. For myself I 
am likely to languish a petit feu, but I shall do it with less 
noise and more incognito than you, which is all the difference 
I find in our fortunes. Besides I am somewhat more remote 
from the envy di quel goffo dottore and less exposed to his 
jealousy of knowing that which all the town shall take notice 
of, than you, which in the midst of my disasters I do account 
no contemptible advantage. A Privy Counsellor he may be, 
but a secret (for all his reservedness to some) the publishing 
of His M. affairs demonstrateth he cannot be. I wish him 
more wit and less malice and if he have an ambition to be 
Archbp. of Cant : I would he were even now in his place. 
I have nothing but humble and hearty thanks and true English, 
not French, complimental, services to present to yourself, and 
your worthy Lady from myself and the poor family here for the 
real Honours you both have vouchsafed us all. This with my- 
self which I beseech you to accept is as good as a mere nothing 



* Comparison with the Worcester papers, catalogued below, makes it more 
probable that this letter belongs to the summer of 1648. 

f This and other subsequent papers so indicated are named in a schedule of 
papers endorsed "the lesser bundle," and in another hand "delivered by Mr. 
[Denis?] Bond in to the Council 22 March 1651[-2"]. On page 901 (Vol. Ill) 
is a note apparently in John Evelyn's hand " authentic memoirs serving to the 
History of the late Rebellion from anno 1 648 &c. 

" Ex. MSS. : Evelyni. 

"This seems to have been an abstract of such letters and other papers as 
were in the custody of Sir Robert Long or whoever was Secretary of State to 
his Majesty at the fight at Worcester where they were taken." 

The above is No. 311 of these papers. The schedule is given below, pp. 2 f llsq. 
Many of the papers are not in the Pepys collection, and some are wrongly 
numbered. 

J Style not certain. Windebank usually put the double date. 

That stupid Doctor, (?) Dr. Stephen Goffe, or Gough. 



203 

unless it be in regard that you have by many titles made 
it and me. You will be pleased to present my most affectionate 
remembrance to your pretty company Mrs. Anne Windebank 
and her brother." 

2 pp. Holograph. (III. 61.) 

CHARLES I to COMMANDERS, OFFICERS, GOVERNORS, &c. 
1644[-5], Jan. 10. Oxford. Pass for Robert Long, the 
King's Receiver General in Gloucestershire, Wilts, South- 
ampton, Somerset and Dorset, with writ of assistance. 
p. Sign Manual ; countersigned Edw. Nicholas. 
o. 103 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 65.) 

CHARLES I to [JOHN] HEENVLIET VAN DE KERCHOVE. 

1644[-5], Feb. 19. Oxford. Expresses satisfaction with his 
services as Superintendent in the Court and affairs of the 
Princess Mary [at the Hague]. 

1 p. Copy. (III. 49.) 

Sir EDWARD NICHOLAS to the ATTORNEY GENERAL 
[Sir EDW. HERBERT]. 

1645, March 25. Oxford. Instructions to prepare a bill 
containing the grant and creation of a Barony for John 
Heenvliet by the name of Baron de Kerchove. 

| p. Copy. (III. 51.) 

[HENRY] LORD JERMYN to [GEORGE] LORD DIGBY. 

[Undated.] Asks if the above is an English Barony and 
to descend upon Keen vliet's son by [Catherine] Lady Stanhope. 
If not, he is to move the King for the Barony of Wotton for 
that son. " This is a business in which the Queen was ingaged 
in Holland upon the important services shee received from 
Monsieur Heenvliet." Lady Stanhope desires that her son 
by him may be created a Baron of England by the name and 
title of Charles Henry de Kerchove Lord Kerchove Baron of 
Wotton Marley. " Advise with counsayl whether being 
borne in Holland he must not first be made a denison." 

1J p. Copy. (III. 61.) 

County Committee for Kent to Sir EDWARD SCOTT, K.B., 
Sir JOHN HONYWOOD, Kt., CAPTAIN ROBERT SCOTT and 
COLONEL JOHN BROWNE. 

1645, March 31. Aylesford. Have partly obtained their 
desire of the Committee of Both Kingdoms for liberty to recruit 
Colonel Weldon's Regiment only, and judge about 600 men to 
be sufficient. The proportion for Sir Edward's lath falls 
out to be 70, which he is to impress on Monday next at night, 
the time set for the general press in the county, and to bring 
to the rendezvous at Sevenoake. 



204 

Signed by Antluo. Weldon, Thomas West ro we, Lambarde 
Godfrey, and John Dixwell. At foot Shepwav. 
(III. 73.) 

JOHN WEBSTER to Sir WILLIAM BOSWELL. 

1645, Oct. [4-] 14.* Amsterdam. Has not received an 
inventory of the goods at Helvetsluys, but several are inclined 
to enter into conference, especially one young man who is 
interested in a ship lading of sugar, and others who have 
goods in that ship ; others have taken advice at the Hague 
how to attach their goods in Goree, and finding no convoy 
are content to compound. So he advises them. Some doubt 
to pay money to his Highness before they have their goods, 
but it is not safe for his Highness to deliver the goods without 
money. To-morrow he intends to send money for his Highness. 

He has enquired here for ships to be bought or hired for 
warlike affairs. Most are freighted for Italy with corn and 
hope there to find employment either by the French or at 
Naples, or by the Seigneurie of Venice. But his Highness may 
be supplied with four or six ships of small price, such as four 
ships and two frigates, fit for sea and victualled for three 
months for about 20,OOOZ. sterling, some with 36 pieces, some 
with 30 and the least with 24. He would prefer someone else 
to do the business. 

For 20,OOOZ. might be obtained guns, carriages and three 
months victual for 100 men in each ship. 

He hopes to have the next day information of ships at 
Enchuysen to sell or hire, and of frigates at Rotterdam or in 
Zealand. It is better to buy than hire. 

For corn for Ireland he hopes to procure a 300- ton ship, in 
which case his own ketch shall not go. He wishes to be at 
Montfoort the next week, but can go to the Hague first. 

Note of contents endorsed on back. 

No. 35 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 77.) 

LADY KATHARINE AUBIGNY to [RICHARD BROWN ?]. 

1645 [-6], Jan. 15. Bristol. Begs " a speedy answer what 
my Lord Jermyn say of my coming into France, what letter 
you send for me if they be left with the governor of Bridgewater 
(by which place all person must pass to court, that land 
within our quarters) and directed for me to Bristoll, I doubt 
not but he will send them to me. 

In shorthand at top, " This letter to be returned to Mr. Ev." 
J p. Holograph. Year date given in endorsement. (III. 81.) 

THE PRINCESS ROYAL. 

1646, [Nov. 23-]Dec. 8. Document endorsed "Paper of 
Monsieur Henvliett about the precedence between the Princess 

* Probably new style. 



205 

Royal and the Electress of Brandenburg."* Noted as " given 
to Her Highness on " the above date. 
2J pp. French. (III. 109.) 

CORNIFIX WLLFELD to CHARLES, PRINCE OF WALES. 

1646, Dec. 27.f The Hague. Your Royal Highness' letter 
by Mr. Foully [Pooley] reached me here ; and being so far 
from Denmark I have been unable to fulfil your commands 
in the negotiation. In everything I will show my obligations 
to your Royal Highness, and as I have served the King of 
Great Britain, so will I serve you. 

1 p. French. (III. 113.) 

DOCTOR RICHARD HART to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, [April 26-]May 6. Relation of the ship Pelican 
taken by Captain Errington by virtue of his Royal Highness' 
commission and brought into Boulogne. She was sailing 
from Amsterdam to London. The owners were English. 
She was laden with iron bars and rods, hemp, oil, flax &c., 
consigned to merchants in London. Neither ship nor goods 
have been claimed at Boulogne. The goods have been sold 
but most of the money detained from Errington pending 
adjudication. The ship and goods are lawful prize. 

1 p. (III. 127.) 

DOCTOR RICHARD HART to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, [April 27-]May 7. Relation of the capture near 
Dungeness of a dogger boat by Captain William Sadlington 
by virtue of his Highness' commission. The owner was 
Jervis Massey of London. The boat went from there to 
St. Valery en Caux, and was there laden by one de la Fosse 
with corn and cloth consigned to Massey. She was brought 
into Boulogne where the goods were sold, and the tenths and 
fifteenths were paid. De la Fosse then arrests money of 
Sadlington's, deposited with merchants of Boulogne on 
pretence that the goods were his. Against this Hart decides 
on the fact. Even if de la Fosse, being an ally, laded his 
own goods on an enemy's ship, the goods would be lawful 
prize, but they belonged to Massey. 

Further, corn is vivres and the cloth is coarse canvas used 
for making cartridges, and being sent to our enemies is fair 
prize. 

If the Prince declare this by a word in writing to the 
Lieutenant of the Admiralty at Boulogne, and to the merchants 

* The Elector of Brandenburg in Dec., 1646, married Louise, daughter of the 
Prince of Orange, and the Electress claimed precedency over Mary, Princess 
Royal of England, wife of William, son of the Prince of Orange. Mary 
refused to be present at the festivities. See the newspaper called " the 
Moderate Intelligencer " for Dec. 10, 17, 24, 31, 1646. 

| Style doubtful as Denmark used the old, Holland the new, at this date. 



206 

who hold Sadlington's money arrested, it may have effect 
without further trouble. 

[Endorsed in French] : To Monsieur de Villi[fora], Governor 
of Boulogne or his deputy. 

1| p. (III. 123.) 

THOMAS, VISCOUNT DILLON, to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, May 4. Kilkenny. Commending the bearer, the 
Earl of Crawford and assuring the Prince of his own loyalty. 
1 p. Holograph. (III. 121.) 

WILLIAM, PRINCE OF ORANGE, to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, May [10-J20. The Hague. Letter of thanks for 
condolence on the death of his father. 
Endorsed : "By Sir John Berkeley." 
J p. French. Signed. (III. 131.) 

AMALIE, PRINCESS OF ORANGE, to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, May [12-J22. The Hague. Letter of thanks for 
condolence on the death of her husband. 
Endorsed : "By Sir John Berkeley." 
i p. French. Signed. (III. 135.) 

CONDE DE FUENSALDAIGNO to - . 

1647, June [4-] 14. Brussels. Hearing that the enemy 
were in force on the frontier his Highness* had to go there 
at once, and I go to-day, regretting to be thus deprived of 
the pleasure of waiting and seeing the Queen of England 
at Treveure [Ter Vere in Walcheren] as arranged. His 
Highness desires that his excuses may be made to her. He 
still hopes to see her. 

1 p. French. (III. 139.) 

COLONEL KUBATTI to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647; Aug. [9-]19. The Camp at Ferling. Fearing that 
his former letter from Landrecy may not have been delivered, 
renews the offer of his services vowed to his Majesty, the 
Prince's father, whom he has been obliged to leave owing 
to these sad times. In the interval has taken service with 
the King of Spain in this country, in order to be at hand 
to serve the Prince if occasion should offer, with many other 
officers whom he encourages in their devotion to the cause. 

| p. Holograph. French. (III. 145.) 

[HENRY FREDERICK EARL OF] ARUNDEL AND SURREY 
to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, Sept. 13. London. Thanking him for favours 
bestowed on his son Henry and the memory which his Highness 
retains of himself. 

1 p. Signed. (III. 149.) 

* Either the Archduke pr the Duke of Lorraine, probably the former. 



207 

[CARLO II,] DUKE OF MANTUA to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, [Oct. 24-]Nov. 3. Mantua. Credentials for his 
Ambassador, the Count Francesco Nerli, sent to assure the 
Prince of his devotion. 

\ p. Italian. Signed. Trace of seal. (III. 151.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647, [Oct. 28-]Nov. 7. St. Germain-en-Laye. Recom- 
mendation of, and Pass for James Long [nephew to Sir 
Robert]. 

Signed by the Prince. 

Endorsed : " My neveu Long's passeport." 

1 p. Latin. Parchment. (III. 155.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES and the SCOTS. 

1647, Dec. 26. Copy of part of the agreement known as 
the " Engagement." 

[Printed in Gardiner's Constitutional Documents, 259.] 
(III. 739.) 

[CHARLES LORD] HOWARD [OF CHARLTON AND ANDOVER] 
to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1647[-8], Jan. 18. London. "Your H. former letter 
I never dursse praesume to answer till now, because this is a 
conjuncture of tyme sutable to the comand of the style which 
admitted me to give your H. this accompte of your humblest 
vassal ; that I now entend to wayte uppon you speedilye, 
where ever you shall be ; to venter all can be imagined dearest 
to me with your fortunes, ill, or goode : therefore according 
to your Highnesses owne gracious offer: I beseech you Sir 
be pleased to lett me receive the signification of your pleasure 
therein, since tis for noe ende nor distresse here I seeke the 
adventer, as your H. will shortly be published : could men of 
honnor submitt either to their government or kindeness, but 
meerly the naturall devotion, and affection I have perpetualey 
carried abowte me to live and die, Sir, 

Your Royall Highnesses 
obedient fayethfull slave and servaunt. 

[Endorsed] : " My Lord Andover's letter to the Prince 
answered Feb. 10, 1648." 

1 p. Holograph. Seal with device. (III. 157.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to JAMES, MARQUIS OF MONTROSE. 

1647 [-8], March 5. A book dedicated to the Prince contains 
a relation of the Marquis' proceedings in the late war in 
Scotland. The author has charged several persons of quality 
with crimes of a high nature, and the Prince cannot afford 
" patronage to accusations which render persons of honour 
infamous before they be heard." He therefore desires the 
Marquis to suppress the book, the author being a person 
unknown to the Prince. 



208 

[The book was Wishart's History of Montrose's campaigns, 
called Res Gestae, in which he criticised the conduct of Lord 
Huntly. It was printed in Holland, Sept. 1647.] 

1 p. draft. No. 120 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
(III. 115.) 

ELIZABETH [QUEEN OF BOHEMIA] to [the PRINCE OF 
WALES. 

[1648? Feb. 29-]March 10. The Hague. By Lord Jarret 
[Charles, Baron Gerard] now going into France, she assures 
her nephew of her love and affection. As the bearer can 
tell him all the news, she will not give him " the trouble of 
reading her ill-hand ; no more for this time." 

J p. Holograph. Trace of seal. No. 318 of papers taken 
at Worcester. (III. 725.) 

QUEEN HENRIETTA MARIA or the PRINCE OF WALES to 
the LORDS OF THEIR COUNCIL. 

1648, [May 22-]June 1. " Our court at the Louvre." 
Summoning them to attend at St. Germain's to give their 
advice concerning the Prince's remove into some part of his 
father's dominions ; the present revolutions there giving 
occasion to judge that it is no longer fit for him to sit idle, 
when action may much contribute to his^ Majesty's re-estab- 
lishment. 

[The draft has been originally written as by the Queen, 
speaking of " our dear son " in the third person ; but " him " 
and " his " have been altered in Long's hand to " us " and 
" our " throughout.] 

Underwritten : 

Directions for the style by which each of the five lords is 
to be addressed, and their names, viz. : Hyde, Bristol, 
Nicholas, Sir R. Lane and Cottington.* 

1 p. (III. 161.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions to COLONEL FOXE. 

1648, [May 25-]June 4. Paris.| He is to go to Havre, 
enquire there for Captain Green, deliver the letter which he 
bears, and to embark himself with the arms and ammunition. 
He is to sail to Pembroke or Tenby, or to the first port he can 
get in South Wales under the King's obedience. 

He is to make his arrival known to Colonel- General Laughorn, 
to get to him and deliver a letter, and assure him of the esteem 
in which the Queen and Prince hold him. Colonels Powel 
and Poyer are to understand the same. 

* There were however 22 summoned. See Cal. Clar. S.P., Vol. /., 425. 

f The Prince's instructions to the officers of the fleet, &c. (the style of 
which might be doubtful) are shown to be new style by the dates of those 
issued at Calais and Helvoetsluys. 



209 

They are all to be informed of the Prince's resolution to 
go to Holland and thence to the most proper place in the 
King's dominions. In this he will have particular regard 
to the good of the Welsh. 

1 p. Copy. No. 154 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
(III. 163.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions to CAPTAIN RICHARD 

GREENE. 

1648, [May 27-] June 6. [Paris.] He is not to put his 
commission in execution at once, and when he does so, he is 
not to take prizes nor commit acts of hostility until the 
publication of the Prince's manifest, or until he receive further 
orders from Lord Jermyn, whose orders he is to obey. 

1 p. Draft. John Andrews and other words scribbled on 
back. No. 150 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 167.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions to CAPTAIN ALLEN. 

1648, June [5-] 15 [endorsement]. He is to go forthwith 
to East Kent with Colonel Jas. Apsley to those gentlemen 
to whom the Prince's letters by him are directed. With 
their advice he shall deliver to the captains of the King's 
ships in the Downs the several letters directed to them, and 
assure them of the Prince's intention to continue them in 
their commands, to reward their loyalty, to pay the wages 
due to them, their marines and soldiers, and supply them 
with victuals and necessaries. They and all that join them 
shall receive a general pardon. 

1 p. Draft. (III. 173.) 

CORNELLIS YVANS to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, June 7. Monseigneur, apres vostre exellante Majeste 
s'est au vous faire assavvoir comme an pouvre yantillomme 
franse estan au servisse de vostre perre le Roy dangletere et 
quan an avvoir antandeu dirre Mon prinse que vous devvies 
vous anvennir a douvre deus ou trois your apres que eun 
quorronel ranberri [Rainborowe] estan eun serviteur deu 
parlemman croian que leuy an mesdissan que ye dississe 
que y'etest le prince charle que vous melle recompanserest 
pour se que ye ferest an croian que leui eusse laise ses afferre 
yssi pour vous est vostre bon perre pour voir ques que la 
contree 1'etest quan vous viendrest annagletterre est voir 
sy la contree se voullest leve annarme pour vostre Majeste 
pour vous servir est asteurre mon prinse croian vous avvoir 
faitte deu bien ny pour vous poin prandre la plasse de vostre 
Maieste sestest pleus pour vous avoir servie est asteure mon 
prinse pour avoir faite ses afere ysi y mon mist dans la prison 
de neugest [Newgate], est asteure mon prinse ye seuis pour 
perdre ma vie comme ye panse sy vous ne m'anvoie mersy, 
est mon prinse sy ye meurre, y'escroy que ye ne peu pas 

P 14 



210 

mourrir pour melleur omme au monde que pour dieu est 
le roy sy no vous, an mestan antre le main de dieu que dieu 
vous veulle bennir. Vostre tres obeisan serviteur Cornellis 
Yuans. 

Addressed : " A monseigneur, monseigneur le prinse de 
galle demeuran a la court de sainte Yarmain a pary." 

Endorsed : " The mock Princes letter."* 

1 p. (III. 169.) Drawing of Crown and Coat of Arms at 
head. 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions to [FRANCIS] LORD 

WlLLOUGHBY OP PARHAM. 

1648,- June [13-J23. 1. He is to signify to the officers and 
men of the Fleet that the Prince is very sensible of their 
merit in his service, and is to cause letters sent to that effect 
to be published on board the particular ships to which 
they are directed, and to offer officers and men of the Fleet 
a general pardon in such form as they shall desire at the 
rendezvous. 

2. He will receive twelve blank commissions for captains, 
and the Prince will be ready at the rendezvous to grant as 
many more as may be needful. The blank commissions 
are to be filled up by the advice of the Committee of Kent 
then aboard, and care is to be taken to choose men of good 
affection to the King and the present undertaking, and most 
acceptable to the seamen. 

3. He shall keep the ancient discipline in the King's ships 
and preserve their dignity in the respects usually paid by 
other ships in striking sail to them or otherwise. 

4. He shall put in execution immediately that part of his 
commission which concerns the bringing of all ships of war 
under his obedience, and shall consider Scotch ships as friends 
and protect them. 

5. As occasion shall require he shall put in execution the 
commission for martial law. 

6. He shall cause the Fleet to repair to the Downs, or 
Calais road, or to St. John's road to meet the Prince there. 
The latter will set out on June 29. 

7. Merchant vessels are only to be seized to supply the 
Fleet with necessaries, so that the Prince on his arrival at 
Calais can take such course with them as may be advised 
by Lord Willoughby and the Kentish committee. Cargo 
must not be embezzled, but must remain on the ships until 
the Prince comes, and the officers of every ship are to make 
a state in writing of the arrears due, and of the ammunition, 
victuals, &c., now on the ships. 

3J pp. Copy. (III. 177.) 

* For notices of the arrival and arrest of this pretended Prince of Wales, 
and description of his person and parentage, see Col. S.P. Dom., 1648-9, 
pp. 72-76. and 349. 



211 

The PRINCE'S Instructions to CAPTAIN [THOMAS] ALLEN. 

1648, June [14-]24. St. Germain's [endorsement]. He is to 
repair to the ship, Constant Reformation and the rest of the 
Fleet who have lately returned to the obedience of the King, 
and is to deliver to the Lord Willoughby of Parham the 
duplicates of the commissions &c. directed to him and sent 
herewith, and the duplicates of blank commissions for captains 
and of the Prince's former letter to the Kentish committee, 
and to the particular ships the letters directed to them, and 
if Colonel Mayart be not arrived nor the despatch sent by 
him, he is to acquaint them all of its effect. 

2. [To the same effect as para. 3 of previous instructions.] 

3. He is to conceal the instrument now delivered to him 
under seal and not to break the seal unless all or the greater 
part of the Fleet refuse to accept Lord Willoughby as vice- 
admiral. 

4. If Lord Willoughby be not arrived, he is to deliver to 
the Kentish committee the open warrant now sent requiring 
them to bring the Fleet to the Downs or Calais or St. John's 
road ; if Lord Willoughby be arrived and received by the Fleet 
he is to conceal it. 

1J p. Copy. No. 148 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
(III. 181.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions to HUMFREY BOSWELL. 

1648, [June 2 2-] July 2. 1. He is to repair to Calais, and 
if the fleet under the command of Lord Willoughby of Parham 
be arrived, to deliver the letters herein sent to him and the 
Kentish Committee, and by word of mouth to assure the 
officers, marines and soldiers of the fleet of the Prince's intention 
to be with them immediately, and of his care to provide for 
them, and to deliver the other letter to the Lord Keeper, 
Sir Richard Lane, and to leave with him the letter for Lord 
Willoughby if the fleet be not arrived. 

2. When he comes to London he is to repair immediately 
to Mr. Denham and to acquaint him with his employment, 
[MS. torn] and shall acquaint him with the several blanks 
delivered to him [Boswell] and proceed in all things by his 
advice to the end that he may give no impediment to that 
which he hath direction to do in this land for the Prince. 

3. He shall proceed with great caution and have^ good 
information of the persons whom he moves for the Prince's 
supply, but above all things be careful that nothing be done 
to the Prince's dishonour or to make his name cheap or bring 
an undervalue upon his hand and seal. 

4. He is to pay any money he receives to Mr. Denham 
taking his acquittance, and to return to the Prince's secretary 
all such blanks as he may not use, and upon which he shall 
receive no money. 

2 pp. Draft. (III. 191.) 



212 

The PRINCE or WALES' Instructions to JAMES, MARQUIS 
OF ORMOND, Lieutenant General of Ireland. 

1648, [June 27-] July 7. 1. He is to endeavour the settle- 
ment of a general peace in Ireland, whether it be by such 
concessions as may consist with his Majesty's honour and 
interest, or by forcing such as shall not submit, for which he 
has full authority to grant unto the confederate Roman 
Catholics of Ireland all such conditions as were granted to 
them by the late peace, and to make such further concessions 
in all things (matters of religion excepted) as he shall judge 
necessary. 

2. "In matters of religion you are to grant unto the said 
confederate Roman Catholics whatever hath been at any 
time offered unto them by you upon any former treaty." 

3. If he find that peace with them cannot otherwise be 
affected, and that thereby it may, he is to grant that they 
shall not be molested in their present possession of the churches 
in their quarters or of the exercise of their religion and respective 
functions in them until his Majesty in a free parliament shall 
declare his further pleasure. 

4. In making use of this power he is to use all industry 
that they may be contented if possible with private assurances 
of this part, and if not, to take especial care that in the manner 
of giving them the said assurance there may be nothing to 
imply a consent in his Majesty of giving away the churches 
from the Protestants to them or the settling of them in the 
same for a perpetuity but only a sufferance of their present 
possession till his Majesty's pleasure be known. 

2 pp. Draft. (III. 193.) 

Also an earlier draft of the above, except that para. 2 
originally ran as follows : 

" In matters of religion we do likewise further authorise 
you, in case the settlement desired cannot be otherwise effected, 
to grant unto the said Confederate Catholics an assurance of 
an abolition of all laws concerning the professors of the Catholic 
religion so far forth as they lay any penalty or restraint upon 
them for the free exercise of their religion." 

This is erased, and in the margin is substituted what appears 
in the copy above given. (III. 195.) 

The LIEUT. -GOVERNOR and JURATS OF JERSEY to the 
PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, June 28. Jersey. A letter written by John Gaily 
of St. Hillyers to John Herault, a fugitive of the island and 
active in the late rebellion, was brought to them in court, 
about three months since, by the King's Procurer. They 
enclose a copy which proves the seditious disposition of Gaily 
who lives among them pretending good affections to the King. 
They committed Gaily to prison, he being not able to deny 
the writing and making no excuse but that the Devil had 



213 

seduced him. At frequent examinations he will not discover 
his confederates in the island. They have no power to proceed 
in the case of high Treason without special commission from 
the King under the Great Seal. They therefore beseech 
the Prince's direction. 

Signed by Sir George Carter et and eight jurats. 

1 p. (III. 183.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions for Sir THOMAS 

HOOPER. 

1648, July [2-]12. 1. He is to deliver the letter to Lord 
Willoughby of Parham if he be with the fleet, but not the 
other letter to the officers of the fleet and to the Kentish 
gentlemen. 

2. If Lord Willoughby, or the officers and Kentish gentlemen 
in his absence, send ships to the relief of Weymar [Walmer] 
Castle, he shall accompany them, and desire them if they 
relieve it, to " sleight " all the works made by the enemy about 
it, and to put into it all ammunition arid victuals as it shall 
need, informing them before hand what is needed. 

3. He shall entreat Lord Willoughby to use the little vessel 
with four guns now in Kent for this service, giving the captain 
such commission as may be necessary. 

1J p. [The last half -page bound after the next paper.] 
(III. 201.) 

The PRINCE or WALES' Instructions to Sir RICHARD 
LANE and [JOHN] LORD CTJLPEPPER. 

1648, July [3-]13. Abbeville. [Endorsed] I. The army 
in Colchester under the command of [George] Earl of Norwich, 
[Arthur] Lord Capel and others, requiring ammunition, they 
are to apply to such Englishmen now at Calais as they know 
to be well affected, for the providing of 50 barrels of powder 
and a proportionable quantity of match and ball, and for 
such a sum of money as will be sufficient to pay for the same, 
assuring them that when the Prince comes to Calais he will 
make satisfaction for what they disburse or furnish, and will 
be very sensible of their kindness. 

2. He is also to provide a vessel to transport the ammunition 
to Colchester upon such terms as he may think fit. 

3. If the fleet is at Calais he shall acquaint Lord Willoughby 
of Parham, the Kentish gentlemen and the other officers 
that the Prince is on his way to them, and inform himself of 
the true condition of the fleet in all particulars. 

4. He shall speak with Mr. Somerset Foxe and Mr. Garrett 
and take information from them of the condition of the ammu- 
nition at Havre and dispose them against the Prince's coming 
in a readiness to execute such orders concerning the same 
as he shall receive from the Prince. 

1J p. Draft. (III. 203.) 



214 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions to [CHARLES] LORD 
JARRETT [GERARD]. 

1648, July [6-] 16. 1. He is to repair to Dunkirk or else- 
where to the Marshal de Ransau and move him to lend two 
frigates for a month or such other time as he can procure, 
and 60 barrels of powder or any other quantity with a propor- 
tionable quantity of match and ball. 

2. If he be pressed to declare when and how the above 
will be restored and find that he cannot otherwise procure 
them, he is to acquaint Ransau that the Prince will repay 
at Havre where he has the same ready. But he is not to 
engage the Prince to this, if he can procure them by any general 
promise. 

3. He is to desire the same to be sent to Calais immediately. 

4. If he has to stay at Dunkirk or with Ransau, he is to 
inform the Prince what he can obtain. 

5. He has power to add to, or vary from these instructions. 
Lastly he is to acquaint Ransau that Mr. Wm. Sandes 

lately sent with a despatch from Lord Goring to the Prince 
is a servant of the Queen, his mother, and request free pass 
for him. 

A summary at the side. 

1J p. Draft. (III. 207.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to the MARSHAL DE RANSAU. 

1648, July [6-] 16.* Calais [endorsement]. Introducing the 
bearer Lord Jarrett, gentleman of his bedchamber, for an 
affair of great importance. 

J p. French. Draft. (III. 209.) 

The PRINCE'S Instructions to COLONEL JAMES APSLEY. 

1648, July [7-] 17. Calais [endorsement]. 1. He is to 
repair to the relief of Walmer Castle with the ships and soldiers 
under his command. 

2. In case of failure, if a further attempt seem feasible, 
he may repair to Deal or Sandowne Castle, and wait another 
opportunity, provided that he again attempt it with all possible 
speed, and inform those in Walmer that he is expecting to 
relieve them. 

3. In case of success he is immediately to advise the Prince, 
and to await further order, residing with his men at either 
of the said castles, drawing together all the force he may of 
horse and foot and getting provisions into the several castles. 

4. In case of failure he is to advise the Prince thereof together 
with what shall be further desired by the captains of Deal 
and Sandowne that he may receive further orders. 

1J p. [No. 129 of the papers taken at Worcester.] (III. 213.) 

* The Prince left Calais on July 9, English style. 



215 

The PRINCE'S Instructions to CAPTAIN ROBERT STANTON, 
Captain of the ship or frigate [blank] of Dover. 

1648, July [7-J17. Calais [endorsement]. 1. He is to take 
his ship to Walmer Castle and lie before it as near as he can, 
and with cannon or otherwise annoy the enemy in their 
trenches. 

2. He is to continue before the said castle until ships be 
sent by the Prince for its relief, and then join with them in 
the relief. 

3. He is to advise those in the castle that Colonel Apsley 
will be with him at 12 o'clock on Saturday July 8, and he 
is to obey the Colonel's orders. 

1 p. No. 127 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 215.) 

[CHARLES] DUKE OF LORRAINE to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, July [8-] 18. Brussels. The unexpected arrival of 
the Prince on this frontier, and the reported haste of his 
journey, leaves the Duke no time to meet him. He therefore 
sends de la Boulay, captain of his Guards, to express his regret 
[that he does not meet him] and his affection. 

J p. French. (III. 221.) 

[CHARLES] DUKE OF LORRAINE to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, July [8-] 18. Brussels. Was 011 the point of sending 
the captain of his Guards to the Prince, when le Sieur de Vic 
[Sir Harry de Vic,] the King of England's Resident in these 
provinces, being about to go [to the Prince], he has requested 
him to assure his Highness of his friendship. 

} p. French. (III. 217.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to the MERCHANTS ADVENTURERS 
OF ROTTERDAM [endorsement]. 

1648, July [13-]23. [Helvoetsluys.] Letter of commenda- 
tion for Doctor Stephen Gough. Date only in endorsement. 
J p. Draft. (III. 241.) 

Letter of [blank] for DR. STEPHEN GOUGH. 

1648, July [13-]23. Helvoetsluys. Promising to repay 
with interest any money advanced to Gough. 
J p. Impression of seal. (III. 243.) 

The PRINCE'S Instructions to DR. STEPHEN GOUGH. 

1648, July [14-]24. Helvoetsluys [endorsement]. 1. He 
shall presently repair to the Deputy of the Company of 
Merchants Adventurers at Rotterdam that the company be 
immediately assembled, and the Prince's letters to the Deputy 
and them be publicly read. 

2. He shall acquaint them that as many of his Majesty's 
royal navy and other ships are already returned to obedience, 
and many more are daily expected, the Prince has to make 



216 

provision for their pay and subsistence, and being informed 
that the Company has supplied the Parliament with very 
great sums and is already reimbursed the greater part thereof, 
and that his Majesty has for some years been deprived of 
the customs and other revenue formerly allotted for the navy, 
he therefore demands 50,000/. by way of loan, the payment 
whereof Gough is to promise as soon as the Prince be enabled 
thereunto, and to promise that the Company shall be indem- 
nified for the past, and that their trade shall be secured by 
the fleet. 

3. After bringing this treaty to good forwardness, he shall 
move the Company to make immediately a present of a 
considerable sum for the support of the Prince's person and 
family. 

4. He shall endeavour to procure the loan of the several 
sums from the persons to whom the Prince's letters are directed, 
using the blank letters for other persons, and shall treat with 
other persons at Hamburg also and elsewhere for money. 

5. He shall advertise the Prince of his proceedings and assure 
all lenders of the Prince's intention to repay them with interest. 

6. He has power to alter his instructions, or add to them. 

7. He shall issue money received for the Prince's use only 
by warrant under his hand. 

The " proposals " which Dr. Stephen Gough took from the 
Prince to Rotterdam are in the Clarendon State Papers, see 
Cal. I, 435 ; see also letter p. 219 below, which however is evidently 
not the " proposals," though probably given at the same time. 

2| pp. Draft. (III. 237.) 

Instructions to Sir WILLIAM BOSWBLL. 

1648, July [16-] 26. 1. He is to repair to the States General 
and in the Prince's name represent to them the state of his 
present condition having been for some years since deprived 
of his ancient patrimony and of those supplies which he might 
have drawn from the bounty of the King, whereby he is enforced 
to have recourse to them as to the ancient allies of the Crown 
of England and of the King, for the loan of a considerable 
sum as well for the discharge of present engagements as for 
personal expenses and the support of his family. He shall 
desire of them the present loan of any sums that he shall 
think fit above 100,000 francs, and shall make use of such 
arguments and motives thereunto as the Prince has already by 
word of mouth acquainted him with, together with such others 
as he shall think most effectual. 

2. He shall advise the Prince of his success in the matter, 
who will be careful to send him such other authorities and 
instruments as shall be necessary and as he shall desire. 
1 p. Draft. 

Also : Other drafts of Instructions &c., apparently all 
meant for Boswell. 



217 

"Trusty and well beloved . . . whereas in the present 
conjuncture and pressure of our affairs we shall have 
occasion to make frequent addresses for his Majesty's 
service to the States General, or provincial as the case 
shall require and because we repose especial truth 
and confidence in you as well in regard of your public 
quality as of your particular and personal abilities and 
known good affection to his Majesty and to us, we have 
thought fit therefore to require and authorize you to 
treat and negotiate in our name and for his Majesty's 
service, with the said States general or provincial as 
the case shall require, concerning all such particulars 
as we either have already or shall hereafter give you 
instructions." 

i p. (III. 703sg.) 

(1) He shall address in the Prince's name the States General 
and such provincial States and towns as he shall think 
fit, and propose the loan of some considerable quantity 
of arms and ammunition, as powder, match, muskets, 
carabines, pistols, backs and breasts for horse in such 
manner and by such means as may be of least incon- 
venience to them. And he shall advertise the Prince of 
his proceedings. 

(2) He shall in the Prince's name desire from the 
States General and others whom it may concern per- 
mission for those employed by the Prince to raise and 
levy such men as can be got here of the English nation 
either upon the reducing of companies or otherwise, 
with the like permission to embark and transport 
the men so raised for his service to such place as he 
shall appoint, which he desires to obtain without 
prejudice to the States or other places or persons 
concerned, that his Majesty's service and the con- 
veniency of the States here may stand together. 

(3) The hearts of the seamen of England being moved 
to return to his Majesty's obedience and divers ships 
of the Royal Navy and others being already under 
the Prince's command, and more being daily expected, 
he shall move the States General in the Prince's name 
to afford him the liberty of their ports not only to 
make provisions for the fleet, on paying for the same 
according to the rates of the country, but also to lie 
at anchor and winter in them, and to do all other things 
within the said ports necessary for fitting the ships for 
further service, leaving Sir William to enlarge this desire 
in such further particulars as he has already been 
acquainted with or shall hereafter receive instructions 
for. 

2J p. ; [wrongly bound], (III. 705.) 



218 

The PRINCE to JOHN WEBSTER, of Amsterdam, Merchant. 

[1648, July?] "Trusty and well beloved ... We have 
been informed by our trusty and well beloved Sir William 
Boswell, his Majesty's resident with the States General, and 
by others, of your great zeal for his Majesty's service upon all 
occasions ; and how ready you have been to execute all things 
that have been desired of you, either for the King or Queen's 
service. We think fit to return you our acknowledgment and 
kind acceptation thereof, and to entreat you to continue the 
same good affection and endeavours for such things as we may 
have occasion to use your assistance in, as we shall be ever 
mindful of those services that you have already performed, 
and be ready upon all occasions to let you see how sensible 
we are thereof." 

1 p. Draft. On the same sheet as the instructions to Boswell, 
dated July 26, above. (III. 709.) 

The PRINCE [OF WALES] to M. HANNIBAL SCHESTEDT, 
VICEROY or NORWAY. 

1648, July [17-]27. Helford Sluce. Commending the 
Sieur de Cockeran whom he is sending to the King of Denmark, 
and asking the Viceroy's aid and counsel in the matters which 
are to be proposed to the said King on the Prince's behalf. 

i p. French. ' Signed. (III. 248.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES IN COUNCIL. 

1648, July [17-]27. Orders in Council for a Declaration 
setting forth the reasons of the Prince's appearing upon the 
Fleet in action. 

Three drafts, two rough, much corrected in Long's hand ; the, 
other clean, signed by the Prince. 

A copy in Clarendon State Papers ; see Cal. I, 431. 

(III. 249, 253, 257.) 

[The PRINCE OF WALES] to [CHARLES] DUKE OF LORRAINE. 

1648, July [19-]29 [endorsement]. Having given the 
rendezvous at the Dunes for the 1,500 men raised by the 
Duke for the service of the King his father, and going there in 
person as soon as possibly he can, he informs the Duke 
thereof (having written also to Lord Goring) in order that 
his Highness' orders may be conformable to his own designs. 
Will always keep the most affectionate recollection of his 
generosity. 

i p. Copy. French. (III. 261.) 

CHARLES [DUKE OF] LORRAINE to the PRINCE OF WALES, 
1648, July [21-]31. Brussels. Has received the Prince's 
two letters from Sieur de Vic, to whom he has expressed the 
necessity of having a small vessel to give free communication 
with Ostend to his army. 

i p. French, Seal. (III. 263.) 



219 

[JAMBS, EARL OF] CALANDEB to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, July 21. Kirkbythure. "Whatsoever power is or 
shall be in my hands, next to the glory of God As in duty I 
am bound to implore ; my utmost endeavours for his Majesty's 
rescue And re-establishing him upon his throne ; In the 
pursuance whereof Neither life, nor fortune shall be wanting by 
all occasions to make appear That I am &c." 

i p. (III. 225.) 

LIEUT. -GENERAL JOHN MIDDLETON to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, July 22. Kirkbye Thor. Has received by Sir Wm. 
Fleeming the Prince's letter noticing his " meine " endeavours 
in his Majesty's service ; though as yet he has not been so happy 
as to make known his loyalty by actions, yet his constant 
resolution is to pass by no occasion whereby he may evidence 
his affection to his Majesty. 

} p. Seal. (III. 229.) 

His HIGHNESS [JAMES DUKE OF YORK] to the [ENGLISH] 
MERCHANTS OF ROTTERDAM [endorsement]. 

1648, [July 26-]Aug. 5 [endorsement]. As his condition 
is not unknown to them, he presumes they are not ignorant 
"how much it imports the honour not only of the Crown of 
England, but of the English nation itself," that he should be 
supported in some measure according to that dignity wherein 
he was born. In confidence therefore of their loyalty to his 
royal father and love to their native country, he desires them to 
consent to a loan'of 1,00(M. monthly for his use to be delivered 
from time to time to his Governor, Sir John Berkeley, to be 
continued till his present circumstance be altered, which 
he has reason to expect will be very speedily. He engages 
himself to use his utmost endeavours to procure an allowance 
out of their own Customs for sums advanced. He will look 
upon it not only as a debt which he will discharge before all 
others but as a service which will oblige him for ever to intend 
their good and interest. 

1 p. Copy. (III. 275.) 

[The PRINCE OF WALES] to Sir WILLIAM BOSWELL at the HAGUE. 

[1648,] July 28 old style. The Downs. Being now at 
anchor here the Prince has thought fit for the present to stay 
all ships belonging to Englishmen, and among others has 
made stay of one ship called the Damsel of London and two 
little vessels, laden with cloth and other commodities, bound 
for Middleborough, belonging to English merchants, without 
any intention to break bulk or dispose of any of the lading 
of the said ships. He requests Sir William to acquaint the 
Prince of Orange and the States General of this, and to assure 
them that any goods belonging to subjects of the States shall 
not be damnified in the least degree, but restored. 

1 p. Draft. (III. 259.) 



220 

The Prince's Instructions for Captain JOHN YERBURY. 
1648, July 28 old style. [The Downs. 11. He shall imme- 
diately repair to the Brill in Holland, and enquire out Captain 
Batten and deliver a letter to him. 

2. He shall desire him and the rest of the captains of frigates 
now at the Brill to bring their frigates out of command of any 
fort, castle or harbour of the States, whether victualled or not, 
and if Batten be not there to speak with the other captains 
to hasten to the Downs. The names of the frigates are The 
Constant Warwick, The Satisfaction, The Crescent, The Roebuck, 
The Pelican, The Hind. 

3. He shall cause the letter to Sir W. Bos well to be delivered 
with speed. 

1 p. Copy. (III. 260.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to WILLIAM, PRINCE or ORANGE. 

[1648, July ?] Requesting the loan of four ships of war, 
ready for service, for two months, that he may be less inferior 
to Warwick's fleet, the greatest hopes for the restoration of 
his Majesty and the Prince to their just rights depending on 
this fleet now under his Highness's command. The charges 
to be repaid when the Prince can do so. He also requests 
that the States General may be induced that Warwick's 
fleet may be stayed 24 hours after the Prince's fleet is under 
sail over the bar at Goree, and that the Prince of Orange 
will give his brotherly advice what he may desire of the States 
General and particularly that the desire akeady made by 
Sir William Boswell for a loan of money may be rendered 
effectual. 

1 p. Draft, by Hyde. No. 375 of the papers taken at 
Worcester. (III. 855.) 

The PRINCE OF ORANGE to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

[1648, July ?] Replying to the Prince's letter considers 
the loan and armament of the four vessels, for which he is 
asked, would clash with the resolution of the States to be 
neutral, and would prejudice and render suspect his own 
advice on English affairs without any gain to Prince Charles' 
cause. The States are also unable to meet their own obliga- 
tions. The Prince will, however, order his Vice-Admiral to 
see Prince Charles' fleet protected in Dutch waters. He 
concludes with protestations of friendship. 

Endorsed : The Prince of Orange his answer to the Prince 
his proposition. 

2| pp. Copy. French. (III. 735.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [COLONEL MATTHEW BOYNTON ?].* 

[1648, July ?] Trusty and well beloved. . . . We have 
received your proposition by your brother Colonel Cornelius 

* In July, 1648, Col. Matthew Boynton carried over Scarborough Castle 
to the King. 



221 

Bointon and find the same so full of loyalty and affection 
to the King and so modest concerning your own particular 
that we are extremely troubled that our present condition 
disables us to comply with it as we desire to do [especially 
in that particular of the two months' pay for the officers 
and men * ]. We shall notwithstanding, as we have ex- 
pressed in our answer to your propositions, concur with 
much [unfinished]. 
| p. (III. 704.) 

WILLIAM LAMBERT. 

[1648, July.] William Lambert of the hoy called the 
Hopeful Mary to have a signification of the Prince that he 
belongs to the fleet and is employed in his Highness' service, 
and therefore to pass without molestation. 

5 lines on the same sheet as the preceding. 

Fragment of Instructions to [CoL. M. BOYNTON] with 
regard to Scarborough [endorsement]. 

[1648, July ?] To provide for the garrison he may authorize 
discreet persons to set forth ships to sea, and to seize and 
bear in to him such vessels as they shall meet upon the sea, 
out of which he is authorized to take provisions for the use 
of the garrison, or to use the vessels as he sees occasion for 
the service of the garrison. 

\ p. Draft. (III. 711.) 

The DUKE or HAMILTON, and the EARLS OF CALANDER, 
CRAWFORD AND LINDSAY, and LANERICK. 

1648, Aug. 4. Edinburgh. The Earl of Lauderdale will 
return to tke Prince their humble sense upon all the particulars 
entrusted to them through Sir William Fleming. 

1 p. Four signatures. (III. 267.) 

[The PRINCE OF WALES] to the SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE 

OF PEERS. 

1648, Aug. 5 [o.s.]. The Downs. Printed in the Lords 1 
Journals, 1647-8 under date Aug. 8, correctly, excepting that 
in line 17 for " in manner " read " in such manner." 

line 20 for " the face " read " any face " 

line 33 for " this treaty " read " the treaty." 

1| p. Copy. (III. 271.) 

SIR JOHN BERKELEY to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, Aug. [5-]15. The Hague. Your Highness " having 
no leisure before your departure to take your brother's 
condition into consideration, and his Highness upon his 

* This sentence erased. 



222 

coming hither finding that several debts had been contracted and 
no visible means to satisfy them or to discharge the necessary 
expense of himself and his family," was forced to write to 
the Deputy and company of English merchants (copy 
enclosed to Mr. Secretary) whereupon they being called 
together immediately voted 12,000 "guildens" to be levied 
for his supply, and have this day presented it by their 
Deputy and four of the chief merchants, and give no 
reason to despair of continuing the like sum monthly 
during his abode in these parts, but I perceive by Dr. Go fife 
that far greater matters are expected from them. I sought the 
Doctor to acquaint him with my master's intention, but could 
not meet him until the day before the company had appointed 
to return their answer. He then desired me to " defer to solicit 
it till he had put in his proposition, which was accordingly 
done." I wish it may take effect, and that your Highness 
would be pleased out of his receipts to settle an allowance 
for my master. I have troubled some of your Highness's 
Council with the matter of my master's condition at Helversluce, 
with my opinion that good might be done, both in levies of 
moneys and men, upon the reduction, if it were put in a right 
way, and am confirmed in both, great numbers of men being 
to be transported at very easy rates, as your Highness will 
understand by Dr. Goffe, to which service my master has 
furnished him with 3,000 guildens. 

At his taking leave the Deputy desired my master would 
recommend their petition for the release of their ship. I 
conceive your Highness cannot well excuse the doing them 
that favour. 

2J pp. Holograph. (III. 291.) 

Commission to DR. RICHARD HART as Judge of the 

Admiralty. 

1648. Aug. [8-J18. 1 p. Copy. No. 177 of the papers 
taken at Worcester. (III. 307.) 

[COLONEL] ROBERT HAMMOND to COLONEL NATHANIEL RICH. 

1648, Aug. 8. " Dear Natt, Thine I have received by thy 
captain, his troop will I hope be over to-morrow, it comes 
very seasonably to me, I had hoped he had brought money 
with him, the condition of this place being not like others, 
for since the beginning of the war till this day, here hath 
not been one night's free quarters. If it be possible, I pray 
thee therefore send a fortnight's pay to be here within ten 
days, by which times' end, I doubt not but to have a settled 
provision for them while they stay in this island, thy captain 
tells me that you promised to send a month pay after them. 
If money come not timely, this troop will be so far from being 
advantage to the security of this place, that it will be much 
the contrary. If you send money, you may cause it to be 



223 

paid to my solicitor in London, and he will return it hither, 
his name John Crych, his lodging in Brick Court in the inner 
Temple, he is to be heard of at the Goldsmith's shop between 
the two Temples, but thy letters to me speak other language, 
which before I return to, because thou mayest expect news 
from hence, I shall tell thee the Commissioners from Parliament 
are now here, have delivered their message, which the King 
approves beyond expectation, and intends a very fair answer. 
What our God is doing in the world as to particulars is only 
known to himself, only this I am sure dear Natt that our father's 
work goes on while the world thinks 'tis theirs, and they shall be 
deceived in their vain expectations, for all this is according 
to his eternal purpose which is grace, mercy and love to those 
whom he hath loved in the Son of his love, therefore be strong 
in the Lord, and the power of his might, not to resist after 
the manner of the world, but with faith and patience to abide 
the good will of our father, whose pleasure it is to give us a 
Kingdom, though not of this world, for his is not so, he would 
then command Legions to help his poor innocent, oppressed, 
injured ones ; his Kingdom the world cannot comprehend 
as thou well observest. My heart is as thy heart, and in the 
same frame as I understand thee. I expect as much ill from 
men as may be, and have cause to expect as much good from 
God, oh that we could believe. My God hath carried me 
through strong temptations, I have been also impatient of 
my load and have sought ease but found none from without. 
I now apprehend God is about to set me free from the world, 
that which my soul hath long thirsted after, but I fear in a 
carnal way, the Lord lay it not to my charge. I could rather 
live in a cottage with such a friend as thyself than in the palace 
of the ungodly : only I wait the good hour, my service to 
thy wife." 

[Postscript.] " I am now in haste, cannot therefore say more 
to thee, the next opportunity I shall be more large." 

li p. Copy. (III. 277.) " 

From the Captain of one of the two troops in his regiment 
to COLONEL NATHANIEL RICH. 

[1648, about Aug. 9.] " I am now safe arrived with my 
troop at the Isle of Wight. The King is very pleasant and 
inclines to a personal treaty and told the Com. if the parliament 
would but walk towards peace and the kingdom's settlement 
he would run, it is thought he will desire Commissioners from 
the navy and from the Scots, to wit, that all parties may be 
engaged in the treaty. Col. Hammond at the reading of your 
letter professed he was very much of your mind, he is very 
full of employment day and night, he desires me to write to 
you that if possible you could, you would be pleased to let 
me have another week's pay or two and hereafter he will take 
care for the pay of my troop. I entreat you to send me word 



224 

in a letter, directed to Mr. Maude, by the first despatch whither 
[sic] you can do it, and where I may send for it, I shall be in a 
great strait for want of it because the Islanders will not bear 
free quarters and to disoblige there at this present will be 
of sad consequent. I desire you would take notice in my 
future letters that I put 12345 for a, e, i, o, u, and you shall 
not fail of a weekly account. The King riseth early, walks 
about the Castle from 7 to 9 o'clock then retires to a 11, and 
stays two hours at dinner, then retires to 4 and then to bowls 
with the Governor with whom he is very familiar. This morning 
the King clipt his hair of his beard and asked the Governor 
if he saw not a new reformation in him, much discourse passeth 
between the King and him, he reveals much of his intention 
about the treaty to him." 

1 p. Copy. (III. 281.) Apparently incomplete. 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [Louis] PRINCE DE CONDK. 

1648, Aug. [14-]24 [endorsement]. Congratulating him 
upon his success at the battle of Lens* and requesting the 
release of English subjects taken prisoners there on condition 
of their not bearing arms against the Crown of France. 

| p. French. Draft. (III. 309.) 

The PRINCE or WALES to the COMMITTEE OF ESTATES 
IN SCOTLAND. 

1648, Aug. 16 [o.s.]. Having received a letter from the 
Scotch Parliament presented by the Earl of Lauderdalef 
desiring his presence, announces his intention to go to their 
army in England. 
Signature. 

By his Highness' command in council, 

ROB. LONG. 

J p. Cf. similar letter, dated Aug. 22., Cal. Clar. S.P. I, 434. 
(III. 295.) 

DU[DLEY], LORD NORTH, Speaker pro. tern, of the House 
of Lords to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648, Aug. 17. Westminster. [Printed in Lords' Journals 
under date, correctly, except that in line 13 for " your hearty 
affection " read " that hearty affection."] 

1 p. Signature and seal. No. 338 of the papers taken at 
Worcester. (III. 303.) 

SIR JOHN BERKELEY to ROBERT LONG. 

1648, [Aug. 30-]Sept. 9. Briel. The bearer, Mr. Mason, will 
inform him of the long journey taken by the Prince of Orange 
and what stay the Princes and his master [the Duke of York] 

* Fought on Aug. 20, new style. 

f Presented on the 16th. See Cal. Clar. S.P. I., 433. 



225 

have made here to meet his Highness, and how at last they 
are too well assured of the necessity of his stay. The resolutions 
of the States to receive his Highness with honour are much 
abated by the ill success in the north. It is better to send 
money for victuals to be bought here, which can be done 
in three days, than for the fleet to be brought into the harbours, 
upon which prices will be enhanced. 

He hopes that Mr. Hartfelt has told his Highness of the 
refusal of the Rotterdam merchants to accept the bills until 
the cloth ships come into harbour, and then possibly they may 
make some other cavil. The ships should not come until 
the Prince is satisfied. In this change of resolution in Holland 
he begs the Prince and Council may be reminded of the need 
for considering his master and his family. 

1J p. Seal. (III. 323.) 

COURTEBOURNE, Governor of Calais, to the PRINCE OP 

WALES. 

1648, [Aug. 31-]Sept. 10. Calais. Informs the Prince of 
an act of hostility done on the previous Wednesday afternoon 
by Captain Brown, to whom had been delivered four guns by 
the burgesses of Calais during the Prince's stay there. He 
had taken a shallop of Dover entering the harbour laden by 
merchants of Calais. He therefore prays for restitution of 
the goods at the expense of Brown. 

\%p. French. Two seals. See pp. 228,232 below. (III. 327.) 

[The PRINCE OF WALES] to DUKE HAMILTON. 

1648, [August*]. Is sensible of the late misfortune that 
has befallen the army under the Duke, yet has so much 
confidence in the affection of Scotland and in the Duke's 
kindness that he will make all haste to be with him. 
I p. Copy. (III. 731.) 

[The PRINCE OF WALES] to [ARTHUR] LORD CAPEL. 

[1648.] c. August. f Looks " upon that business of Colchester 
as the most gallant action of the whole war, and the greatest 
service that can be performed" to the King, and has had no 
greater desire than to be able to relieve him and no greater 
trouble than that he has not hitherto been able to do it. 
Nothing is to be expected from the Prince, as being unprovided 
of all means to do it. He writes this as to a person whose honour, 
courage and affection are well known to him, but charges his 
Lordship not to publish or make use of the letter until in his 
judgment he finds it seasonable and necessary for him to 
take care of the preservation of themselves. 

" Your constant and affectionate friend." 

1 p. Copy. (III. 831.) 

* Written after the receipt of the news of the battle of Preston (fought 
Aug. 17) but before that of the capture of Hamilton (on Aug. 26). 
f Colchester surrendered on September 12. 

15 



226 

The PRINCE'S Instructions to JOHN DENHAM. 

1648, Sept. 13. 1. He shall repair to Edinburgh and 
deliver the Prince's letter to the Committee of Estates, repre- 
senting his sense of the late misfortune to their army in England, 
and 2, the other letters with like expressions. 

3. He shall inform them of the despatch of the remainder 
of the arms promised by the Queen, and of the commission 
given to Lauderdale to treat with the States General in the 
Prince's name and that of the kingdom of Scotland for arms, 
men, money and ships. 

4. He shall move them to assist those who now prosecute 
war in England. 

5. He shall on occasion confer with any of quality among the 
dissenting party and learn why they are against the proceedings 
of the Committee of Estates and of the late army in England, 
and whether they intend to be active against them or only sit 
still, assuring them that the Prince desires to unite all interests 
of that kingdom. 

6. He shall inform himself of the true state of affairs, parti- 
cularly of the inclinations of any dissenting party, and whether 
the kingdom is unanimous in the prosecution of the war : what 
force they have, or intend to raise, and who is to command, 
advertising the Prince. 

7. He shall remain in Scotland till recalled. 

1 p. Signed at the top and end. No. 202 of the papers taken 
at Worcester. (III. 355). 
Also : 
A copy of the above. (III. 358.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to the LORDS and COMMITTEE of 
the STATES OF SCOTLAND [endorsement]. 

1648, Sept. [7-J17. The Hague. Being in Holland, on his 
way to Berwick, in order to his engagement to the Kingdom 
of Scotland he will endeavour to obtain arms and other 
necessary assistance for them. Notwithstanding the mis- 
fortune received in England [at Preston] he adheres to his 
resolution to come to them, to free the English nation from 
the tyranny that they now suffer. 

ip. Signature. No. 1 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
. 311.) 

NOTES by SECRETARY LONG. 

1648, Sept. [11-]21. A letter to the Committee of the Estates 
[of Scotland] to take notice of the misfortune of the army in 
England to profess the Prince's good inclination to their 
affairs and desire to assist them, but he is not acquainted 
with the state of affairs there and desires information, and 
desires them to take notice of Mr. Denham and give him credit. 

A letter to the Duke Hamilton of civility, and to Lord 
Calander to the Lord Traquair, 



227 

A letter to Lord Lindsay, and the Earl of Lanerick to the 
Earl of Roxburgh. 

That the Prince intends to send Commissioners to reside 
with them. 

To intimate to private persons that if they find Loid 
Bramford [Brentford] may be useful to them, to offer his 
address. 

To speak with Lord Lauderdale about Lord Bramford and 
to be in the instructions if the former consent. 

Instructions for Mr. DENHAM : To deliver the letters and 
express the Prince's sense according to the letters. To 
remain there and give an account of the state of things there, and 
to stay till recalled but to have liberty by word of mouth. 

" The remainder of the arms and ammunition gone. 

Ready to join with their Commissioners in any treaty for 
their advantage. 

The Prince has commanded him to enquire of them from 
time to time how useful he may be to them." 

(III. 331.) 

Attached to the preceding : 

To COLONEL WILLIAM LEGGE [?]. 1. The King's satisfaction 
of the peace; to inform all persons. 

2. To acquaint Prince Rupert and Lord [Ormond] of the 
King's resolve to go to Ireland and the way. 

3. To inform Prince Rupert and L. Or. of the King's 
necessity and press earnestly supply from Prince Rupert 
according to the King's letter. 

4. To acquaint them with the King's endeavours to supply 
them with corn, one ship gone and others to go, and to 
desire the observation of what is directed for Ford. 

5. To thank Lord Ormond for his care of Scilly, that Sir J. 
G[renville] Governor is there with command to apply himself 
to him. 

To continue his care of that place, to give such supplies of 
men and victual as he shall understand from Sir John G. 
to be wanting there and to confer with Dick Fanshaw and 
take his assistance. 

To Prince Rupert to send a frigate there and to give 
command to all vessels under him that pass that way to 
give all assistance they can to that Island. 

To speak with Lord Biron about arms to be sent. 

In all 3 pp. (III. 335.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to the Committee of the Estates 
of the Parliament of Scotland. 

1648, Sept. [13-J23. The Hague. Expressing his sorrow for 
their defeat in England, which shall increase his desire to 
assist them to repair the loss, and requesting information as 



228 

to the state of things in Scotland. They may yet prove 
the happy means of restoring his Majesty. Commends the 
bearer, John Denham. 

1 p. ' With signature and seal. (III. 345.) 

WILLIAM, [MARQUIS OF] NEWCASTLE to ROBERT LONG. 

1648, Sept. [13-]23. Rotterdam. The Prince having 
promised that as soon as the gold was coined I should have 
1,OOOZ. that I may not starve, I request that the bearer, 
Mr. Lovinge, may be put in a way to effect it. 

[Endorsed:} Lord of Newcastle's letter to me. 

1 p. Holograph. (III. 353.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [ALEXANDER] EARL OF LEVEN. 

1648, Sept. [14-J24. The Hague. Thanking him for his 
affection to the King's service in the late engagement of the 
Kingdom of Scotland, and hoping for a continuance thereof. 

1 p. Signature and seals. (III. 347.) 

Petition of ALEXANDER RAF, late Mayor of Calais, NICHOLAS 
PIGAULT, MICHEL HEUSCH, CLAUDE HAYS, Louis DELEBECQ 
the younger, MADELELIN DERIENNE widow, all of Calais to 
PRINCE CHARLES of Great Britain. 

[1648, Sept. [15-]25]. Their factors in England freighted 
an English shallop, Stephen Rogers master, with cloth from 
Dover to Calais, in which shallop their factors unknown to 
them put on board several bags of money amounting to 2,800?. 
for their several accounts. One Browne, commander of a 
smack under the Prince, being often employed to Calais in 
his Highness' service, has been there from time to time well 
treated by the inhabitants and the petitioners, and fitted 
with guns, other ammunition and victuals for the Prince and 
his other ships. 

This Browne seeing the shallop near the French shore and 
under the King of France's command, spoiled the goods to 
the value of 300Z. and took away all the said money saving 
some 250?. which the master saved some small sum now 
attached at Rotterdam by the petitioners. The said Browne 
has delivered only 700Z. to the Prince's use. The Petitioners 
applied to the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England 
under the King (being at Calais) and to the Governor of 
Calais who have written several letters to the Prince on their 
behalf. Inasmuch as they were ignorant of transporting the 
money ; that the same was taken under the command of the 
King of France ; that the Petitioners and all the inhabitants 
of Calais have been, are, and will be ready to supply the Prince 
and navy with all necessaries and that the said Browne has 
concealed most of the money : they beg the Prince will 



229 

not only allow them to implead Brown, arrest his vessel to 
recover their money attached at Rotterdam, but will repay 
the 700Z. to them. 

Noted : Copy of the first petition. 

| p. French. (III. 839.) See p. 225 above. 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [WILLIAM] EARL OF LANERICK. 

1648, Sept. 20-30. [The Hague.] Looking upon the 
Earl as a person that of all others has been most zealous for 
the King's service, acknowledging past kindness and engaging 
to assist him in all things, hoping that he may yet be able to 
prosecute the war with good success. Requesting that this 
letter may be delivered to the Governor of Berwick. 

| p. Draft. (III. 351.) Compare No. 49 of the papers 
taken at Worcester. 

The SAME to COLONEL LUDOVICK LESLEY, Governor of 

Berwick. 
To like effect. 
I p. Draft. (III. 351.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES' Instructions for MR. [STEPHEN] 
GOUGH, sent to the DUKE OF LORRAINE. 

[1648, Sept. [21-]Oct. 1.] To represent the Prince's regrets 
that since his arrival [in Holland] he has not been able to 
send a man of credit to the Duke with his last intentions 
concerning the employment of his levies, with an answer to 
the instructions sent by the Duke to Colonel de Romecourt 
by Lt. -Colonel Cathcart, his business into England having 
been puzzled by so many changes that he could take no kind 
of resolution. 

He thanks the Duke for persisting in raising a third regiment 
in which business he will employ Lt. -Colonel Cascart [sic]. 

During the treaty between the King and the Parliament 
in the Isle of Wight it will be impossible to go on in the 
first design nor attempt anything afore one see which side 
it will incline. Nevertheless being resolved to make some 
enterprise with the men under Lord Goring, in case this treaty 
ends in war (which will be known soon) he has sent Colonel 
de Romecourt to the forces, to give order for the subsistence 
of Colonel la Motte's regiment, of which the Duke was in 
charges himself, as the Prince of Orange will do for his own. 
In the interim he sends Mr. Gough to the Duke, and thence 
to the Queen his mother to know her intention concerning 
the first design or some other. Mr. Gough has full power. 

[Endorsed :] The translation of Doctor Gough's instructions 
to the Duke of Lorraine. 

1 p. No. 72 of papers taken at Worcester, whence the 
date. (III. 363.) 



230 

Also : 

1. Another copy of the same, but with verbal differences 
as if both translated from the same French original, 
which follows. (III. 377.) 

2. Original of the above in French. (III. 381.) 

On the back of the second translation is : 

[The PRINCE or WALES] to FRANCIS LORD WILLOUGHBY or 
PARHAM, VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE FLEET. 

1648, Oct. 16. It is our pleasure that Lt. Lendall receive 
his pay and allowances during his imprisonment and that his 
place of Lt. of the O R on -* be not disposed to any other but 
reserved for him with the pay and allowances belonging to the 
same until means may be found to procure his liberty. 

J p. Copy. (III. 380.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [JAMES] DUKE OF COURLAND. 

1648, [Sept. 30-]0ct. 10. The Hague. Thanking him 
for his affection, introducing the Sieur de Cockram [Sir John 
Cochrane] and requesting a loan of ships. 

1 p. French. Three drafts two unfinished. (III. 371.) 

[JOHN, EARL OF] LAUDERDALE to [the PRINCE OF WALES]. 

1648 [Sept. ?]. Has just now seen two letters from Stirling 
of Sept. 15 o.s., one of them from an officer of the army, whom 
he knows, to Sir George Sterlin. Argyll was possessed of 
Stirling when [Sir George] Monro came, and made a short 
despatch of him. Argyll hardly escaped, and all his foot 
were either taken or killed. Would have waited on the Prince 
himself, but was commanded by the Prince of Orange. 

J p. No. 51 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 719.) 

Instructions for SIR JOHN GREENULL, Governor of the Scilly 

Islands. 

1648, Oct. [7-]17. 1. Ijle shall repair to Scilly, and 

2. Make his commission known to Captains Noy and 
Arthur and other officers, thanking them for their loyalty in 
reducing the islands to obedience, and assuring the garrison of 
his care for them as of honest men who have returned to the 
King. 

3. He shall advise with the above officers as to the disposal 
of Colonel Anthony Buller and Captain Augustine Nicoll, 
all fitting kindness being shown to them as gallant soldiers. 

4. He shall send orders to the captain of the Crescent frigate, 
and shall endeavour by the aid of Sir George Carteret, Baronet, 
Governor of Jersey, to have her victualled upon a third part 
of the proceeds of the prizes that shall be taken by her ; the 
10th and 15th being first deducted and paid to the Prince ; 

* Constant Reformation. 



231 

the other two parts to be for the pay of the men of the frigate, 
and the support of the garrison. The same shall be done in 
the case of all vessels bringing prizes to Scilly. 

5. He shall fill the blank commission for an Admiralty 
judge and a Register [sic] and have speedy adjudication of 
prizes, and to see that all such are brought to Scilly and bulk 
not broken without order, to which end all persons are to 
give security to the Judge and Register before going to sea. 

6. He shall carefully choose honest men to hold commissions 
at sea, and to see that no goods brought in be wasted, using 
them if necessary for the pay of the garrison, and getting 
best value for the others. The men are to be upon pay only, 
or upon half -pay and half -shares, that is one half of a third 
of the prizes the 10th and 15th being first deducted. 

2J pp. Draft. (III. 367.) 

Captain ELIAS JORDAN to SECRETARY LONG. 

1648, Oct. [11-]21. Helfort Sluce. In the absence of Sir 
William Batten last night came to his hands a warrant signed 
by the Prince of Great Britain to discharge the goods out of 
the New England ship into other ships that the New England 
ship might be the fitter for his Highness' further commands. 
He had neither ship, boat nor any man under his command 
and could not respond to the warrant. 

This morning came the shrive of the Island of Brille and 
the commissary of this place with a letter from the States of 
Holland (he encloses copy) to prohibit any discharging of 
goods. He requests further orders, hoping that Batten may 
return. 

1 p. Holograph. (III. 373.) 

JOHN RICH to DOCTOR [ISAAC] DORISLATJS, Agent for the 
Parliament at the Hague. 

[1648,*] Oct. 20. Scebaling [Schevening ?]. Being just 
now landed and having authority from the Parliament to 
list all such persons as he shall find or as should be recom- 
mended to him, he commends the bearer James Fife, and 
will himself wait on the Doctor on the next day. 

1 p. Holograph. (III. 853.) 

WILLIAM CUR[TIUS] to ROBERT LONG [?]. 

1648, Oct. 22. t Aschaffenberg. Was with the Elector 
[Palatine] on the arrival of the news of the peace between 
the Empire and France and Sweden. The joy of this Court 
was the greater because the peace was due to the Elector's 

* Dorislaus was sent over by the Parliament in June, 1648, and was still 
there in October. 

f Curtius was now in the parts of Germany where the old style was still 
employed. 



232 

efforts. The next day, Thursday last, came the young Count 
of Nassau, son of the plenipotentiary of the Emperor at Munster 
confirming the news. He left the same day for Vienna, hoping 
to be the first bearer of the news. The soldiery, thinking 
that they had checked the fortune of the allies, will not regard 
him as an evangelist. 

Presumably the signing will protect the city of Prague and 
the reputation of the Prince Palatine. It might have been 
refused, seeing the strength of the garrison, supported by 
cavalry and fortifications. Moreover, the Duke of Amalfi, 
putting his army over the Danube, might have got between 
the Swedish force in Bohemia and Suabia, and the strength of 
Austria, joined to that of Bavaria, was well able to resist 
the siege. In fact the news has just arrived of a vain assault, 
the besieged having exploded a mine, and repelled the assaillants 
from a lodgment they had made in the wall. 

1| p. French. Sealed with his monogram. (III. 385.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to CHRISTINA, QUEEN OF SWEDEN. 

1648, [Oct. 30-]Nov. 9 [endorsement]. Commending Sir 
William Ballantine who wished for military service under 
the Queen. 

p. Draft. French. (III. 409.) 

PASSES FOR SHIPS. 

1648, Oct. The Hague. Four blank passes for ships 
signed by the Prince, and one for the Charles of Amsterdam. 
1 p. (III. 387-403.) 

Memorial of OTTO DE LA PORTE, junior. 

[1648, c. Oct.] The memorialist, merchant at Flushing 
and holder of letters of attorney, having already represented 
the loss suffered by the merchants of Calais of 28 sacks of 
money, taken in Calais road by Captain Browne, who sailed 
at the same time from that harbour with munition for 
the fleet in the Downs in his Highness' service (as Monsr. 
Courtebourne, Lieutenant for the King, and " Millor Quiperlin " 
[Lord Keeper Lane] wrote by letters delivered on Sept. 25, 
here at the Hague). The said Browne tried to force Steven 
Kogers the master to declare that he had been taken 
at sea. The said merchants deserve his Highness's protection, 
seeing that they have always tried to do him service, and that, 
on this ground, Sir William Batten had given Rogers a passport 
to trade with his said challop in all freedom and security. 
Prays for an order against Browne. 

1 p. French. (III. 841.) 

Noted : Copy of the second petition. [Cf. petition of Sept. 25, 
above.] 

Another memorial, stating that Mr. Boswell, resident at 
the Hague, has obtained from the States General 2501. , 



233 

belonging to the petitioners. Prays that Boswell may have 
orders to hand it over. 

1J p. Noted : Copy of the 3rd petition. (III. 835.) 

Notarial attestation by Lambert Rietraet, of the Hague, of 
statements made before him by Otto de la Porte on the above 
matter. Nov. 5, 1648. 

3 pp. French. (III. 843.) 

The PRINCE'S Instructions for DR. STEPHEN GOTJGH, 
employed to WILLIAM, PRINCE OF ORANGE. 

1648, Nov. [1-J11. The Hague [endorsement].!. That the 
men in the Isle of Burcom be disposed of by agreement with 
the Duke of Lorraine [erased]. 

2. He shall explain to Orange why the directions of the 
Queen, his mother, concerning the said men cannot be 
pursued. 

3. He shall desire him to discharge the ship provided for 
their transport and to pay the money due for the nourishment 
of that regiment. He is to thank the Prince for maintaining 
one of the regiments in the Isle of Burcomme [Burkom], 
and providing ships for their transport. Being unable to 
resolve of any employment for them, and wishing to free him 
from their charge, Prince Charles wishes him to allow the 
regiment to remain in the island, upon his endeavour to 
persuade the Duke of Lorraine to undertake their charge. 

2| pp. Draft. (III. 443.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to WILLIAM, PRINCE OF ORANGE. 

Same date. Announcing the despatch of Dr. Gough who 
will explain matters. 

\ p. Draft. French. On the same sheet as the instruction. 

WILLIAM CURTITJS to [ROBERT LONG]. 

[16]48, Nov. 5. Frankfort [on Main]. The death of 
Prince Rakozzi has given the Emperor five counties out of 
seven which there are in Transylvania, and gives room 
to speculate on the replacement of the losses suffered by 
Austria in the Treaty of Munster. Letters from the Imperial 
Court say their armament is in such a state that they need 
no longer bargain for peace at too heavy a price, and that 
Italian affairs go well for Spain, and are closely allied with 
theirs. The journey to Spain had been again postponed 
till the 5- 15th instant. The Queen's betrothal takes place 
on Sunday. The Swedish plenipotentiaries were in no haste 
to inform their generals of the armistice (Wrangel disavowing 
that he had heard of it when all Suabia was full of it). The 
Generalissimo shewed so much determination to attack Prague 
even after the suspension of hostilities in the High Palatinate 
that some incertitude about the Peace was evidently inferred. 
Indeed even to-day we know not but that we are still fighting 



234 

in Bohemia. The Prince [Palatine] having planted his guns 
in the breach, the inhabitants defend themselves by new 
barricades, and having received opportune reinforcements, 
are not thinking of surrender. But on the part of the allied 
armies suspension of hostilities has been proclaimed, Wrangel 
being about to enter Nuremburg with his ordinary train and the 
Senate making ready to welcome him. Turenne's forces are com- 
ing down, and will winter across the Rhine, the Marquis of Baden 
trying to get rid of them by fair words and money. The head- 
quarters will be at Spires. We do not hear that the Spaniards 
of Francedal [Frankenthal] accept this truce of the Empire, 
the governor there having made arrangements as if to go 
to the Netherlands. Those interested fear that this garrison 
may be shifted to Lorraine and that the war may assume 
a new cloak. The diet of Franconia commences to-day at 
Bamberg to settle the winter quarters and to assess their 
States for the Swedish indemnity. 
2 pp. French. (III. 407.) 

CARDINAL TRIVULZIO, Spanish Governor of Sicily, to the 
CONDE DE LEMOS. 

1648, Nov. [11-J21. Palermo. The condition of affairs 
in this kingdom making it necessary to give an account to 
his Majesty, he has chosen P. Don Francisco Marquese, 
President of the Convent of St. Joseph in this town, both for 
the confidence he has in him, and for his knowledge of 
things ; and has desired him to kiss his Excellency's hands 
and assure him of his desire to serve him. Prays his 
Excellency to assist the Padre in what he has to do at that 
Court, relying on the kindness which he has always received 
from him, and refers him for all news to the said Padre. 

1 p. Spanish. (III. 417.) 

The SAME to the CONSTABLE OF CASTILLE. 

Same date. To the same effect as the preceding. 
1 p. Spanish. (III. 419.) 

WILLIAM CURTIUS to [SECRETARY LONG]. 
1648, Nov. 12. Frankfort [on Main]. Prague has been re- 
lieved by force and not by the treaty of Munster. The Prince 
Palatine, finding that the Imperialists were only six hours from 
his camp, decided to withdraw at noon on the 24th ult., and the 
next night relief entered. So persistent an attack is attributed 
to the prospect of success within two days, according to the 
statement of the besieged who had lost 2,000 men including 
many scholars and priests. The bulk of the Imperialists, 
after reinforcing the place, retired towards Budweis and the 
Prince Palatine, leaving General Konigsmark there, took 
post on the Elbe his line extending from Melnik to Leutmeriz 
[Leitmeritz] whence he is likely to descend into Misnia, having 
declared suspension of hostilities. 



235 

On the 4th inst. Wrangel left Nuremberg for Aurbach in 
the High Palatinate ; on the way he met a courier from 
Picolomini with confirmation of the armistice, on which he 
returned towards Forcheim, and is now spread out in Franconia. 

That country to-day both is spreading the table-cloth and 
putting its hand in its pockets at the same time, the passion for 
peace causing them to do things otherwise incompatible and 
impossible. It remains to be seen how the people can furnish 
money when their goods are all swallowed up by free quartering. 
For, although France does not ask extraordinary sums like 
Sweden, the Circles there are so burdened by their garrisons 
and army that very little is left. Turenne has not yet quitted 
the Tauber valley, though he is expected on the Rhine, or 
rather at Halbron [Heilbron], where the solemnities of the 
Peace are to be celebrated. This State will make some 
demonstration next week in the churches, as have the 
other States, which, however, have not waited for the 
ratification. 

2pp. French. (III. 411.) 

Sir WILLIAM BATTEN and CAPTAIN JOURDAN. 

1648, Nov. [18-]28. The Hague. Testimonial in favour 
of Sir William Batten and Captain Elias Jourdan on their 
resigning their commands in his Majesty's fleet. 

p. each. Drafts. (III. 427 and 431.) Worcester papers, 
No. 239. 

WILLIAM CURTIUS to SECRETARY LONG. 

1648, Nov. 19. Frankfort [on Maine]. Although hos- 
tilities are at an end, the countries see no peace. The soldiers 
still swallow the wherewithal to brew the golden beverage 
(Vor potable) required for the Swedes. Wrangel left Bamberg 
the 13-23 of this month for Eger, intending to return on the 
24 inst. to lodge his troops in Franconia. 

They maintain that the period of two months granted at 
Munster only begins from the day when the troops have 
their " assiette ferme." The Prince Palatine has had his 
quarters hitherto at Kuttenberg in Bohemia. Turenne 's 
head- quarters are at Tubingen, his troops between the Danube 
and Black Forest and on the Rhine, Maine and Neckar. Some 
are even come into this State, which cannot yet make up its 
mind to give at once bread and money. Others have helped 
themselves to both at the point of the poignard, which they 
have drawn against their own comrades. The German cavalry 
begins to murmur as if unwilling to cross the Rhine to fight 
another war. At least they want to see their arrears in good 
French money. The Papal Nuncio [Chigi] detests the treaty, 
and his protest will oblige the Protestants to demand the 
Papal ratification with equal solemnity, at the risk of once 
more shuffling the cards. The Duke of Bavaria has held the 
Estates of his Circle at Weissenburg and proposes that on 



236 

finding the sum necessary for the soldiers he should dismiss 
them, it being reported that he has treated with the Republic 
of Venice for the transfer of some regiments. But he has 
so well protected his frontiers and especially the river Lee 
that there is no risk for his State. 

The Elector of Mayence eager for peace at any price has 
sent to Cologne for money, and has obtained it on the 
security of the Rhinegau. This loan is to provide his quota 
due to the Swedes. The Pope will find the 100,000 crowns 
for the " reluition " of the Bergstrasse, on the security of their 
Cathedral treasure. 

On the 3-13 of this month the Queen of Spain and the 
King of Hungary left for Milan with Cardinal de Harach. 

2 pp. French. Seal. (III. 413.) 



WILLIAM CIJETIUS to Sir ROBERT LONG. 

1648, Nov. 26. Frankfort [on Maine]. All goes full speed 
for the Peace. Though dearly bought by the States of the 
Empire, they all seek money to pay their quota. This 
Republic, having weathered the storm as well as any, is now 
courted by several borrowers. Worms, Halbrun [Heilbron] 
and others have tried with no success. The Elector of 
Mayence has got some, on the strength of his good husbandry, 
and sends here wine, corn, wood, charcoal and even ashes, to 
be turned into money. 

Some French regiments are dropping down already to 
cross the Rhine, having apparently settled with their hosts 
for two months winter quarters. Some have extracted a 
promise of 10,000 rix-dollars per regiment. 

Turenne himself is expected from Tubingen, and perhaps 
may visit Cassel. 

The Duke of Wurtemberg has gone towards Augsburg as 
Colonel of the Swabian circle to commence the carrying out 
of the peace. Evasions are feared, the Catholics of the 
town being unwilling to release so good a prize. 

The Duke of Bavaria has informed the envoy of the Prince 
Palatine of Sulzbach that he must consult his archives, to 
know what to restore. He Is filling up his regiments. 

Last Monday a courier of the Emperor passed this place 
laden with a whole valise of Ratifications, Restitutions and 
the like. The young Count of Nassau [John Lewis, Count 
of Nassau-Hademar] who brought news of the treaty, has 
received 5,000/2., a gold chain, and an estate worth 2,000/Z. 
a year. 

The Emperor means to go to Hungary for the Election of 
another Palatine, and to take possession of what has fallen 
to him by the death of Rakozzi. 

2J pp. French. Seal. (III. 423.) 



237 
CARDINAL TRIVULZIO to DON FERDINANDO Ruiz 

DE CONTRERAS. 

1648, Nov. [19-]29. Palermo. To the same effect as 
those dated on Nov. 21 (p. 234 above). 
1 p. Spanish. (III. 435 and 437.) 

The SAME to the CONSTABLE OF CASTILE. 

1648, Nov. [19-]29. Palermo. I have received at the 
same time the two letters with which your Excellency has 
been pleased to favour me, dated the 2nd and 18th of August ; 
informing me of the safe arrival at that Court and marriage of 
your daughter, Donna Juana. I thank your Excellency 
for the kindness which you express for me in both letters 
and assure you of my affectionate gratitude. Don Melchior 
Pacheco has made a very good choice. 

1 p. Spanish. (III. 437.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [JAMES, MARQUIS OF ORMOND]. 

1648 [Nov.]. The Hague. Warning him against Sir Robert 
Walsh, reported to have gone to Ireland, after an " insolent 
attempt " upon Lord Culpeper, and publishing a scandalous 
pamphlet entitled " The Declaration of Sir R. Walsh in relation 
to the business between him and Lord Culpeper," in which he 
accused the latter of corresponding with the Parliament. 
When Walsh was summoned before the Prince to justify 
some reports he had scattered in " cabarets and ordinaryes " 
to that purpose, he absented himself. The gentleman from 
whom he pretended to have received his advertisement, being 
examined, declared that coming lately from England he had 
met with a Norfolk gentleman, a recusant, who told him to 
tell Walsh that some one about the Prince discovered his 
counsels to those in London and that he believed it was 
Culpeper. To this the Prince gave no credit, and in spite of 
Lord Culpeper's wishes, being in a place where he had no 
power to punish Walsh properly, did not proceed with the 
matter. 

But if Walsh be in Ireland, he should be imprisoned, and 
his pamphlet burnt by the hangman. 

Copy. 1J p. See p. 239. (III. 447.) 

1648, Nov. [12-J22, [endorsement]. The Hague. Order to 
Abraham Oyers, advocate at the Provincial Court of Holland, 
to take proceedings against Sir R. Walsh for the above-named 
matter. 

Endorsed: "Passed not entered." 

1 p. French. (III. 451.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to FREDERICK, KING OF DENMARK. 

[1648. [Nov. 24-]Dec. 4, endorsement.] The Hague. 
Recommending to the King " Le Chevallier de Hinderson " [Sir 



238 

William Henderson], who had served well in the late Civil 
War in England. 

J p. Draft. French. (III. 459.) 

The SAME to CORNIFICITJS VTJLLFELD, MAITRE D 'HOTEL and 
VICEROY OF DENMARK. 

[The same date.] To the like effect. 
J p. Draft. French. (III. 459.) 

The SAME to HANNIBAL SCHESTEDT, VICEROY OF NORWAY. 
[The same date.] To the like effect. 
I p. Draft. French. (III. 460.) 

E[DWARD] PROGER to SECRETARY LONG. 

1648, [Nov. 28-]Dec. 8. Ostend. " Parting in some 
haste with you and forced to go without the principal verb 
in my sentence which by your favour I have since received, 
the which had I known must have been directed to so forgetful 
a Person I should have humbly desired a better address, 
but now its too late to repent though not to receive more 
obligations from you, which shall ever be acknowleged if 
not in my power to be returned you, I shall desire you, lest 
this should fail and I money bounde [sic], you will procure 
me a more certain assignation to which I am confident my 
Lord Cottington will join his power, however, no industry of 
mine shall be wanting to give you a good account of the 
first. I shall beg of you 2 or 3 lines which you may send me 
by Dick Hardinge of the proceedings you make in the business 
only known to you and myself as likewise where I may meet 
you and when you remove from the Low Countries and in 
the time I am absent I can give myself in nothing so much 
content as by serving you therefore your commands will be 
most welcome. I have waited on the letters from Rotterdam, 
and the greatest inconveniences I have met with in my journey 
hath been some friends at Antwerp and trotting horses which 
leave as ill a remembrance as a waiting gentlewoman. I hope 
this night the weather will be fairer than the last night was 
and then we shall to sea in most damnable company, the 
which I hope will make me so perfect a dissembler that I 
shall happily despatch my business." 

p. Holograph. Seal. (III. 105.) 

Petition of GEORGE ROSEWELL, seaman of the Love* under 
command of the traitor, Capt. Miller, to CHARLES, 
PRINCE OF WALES. 

[1648, November.] Has " lost his wherry and chest and all 
that he had in the ship and also at home in England, which 

* A merchant ship, captured by the revolted fleet in the Downs and 
carried into Holland to the Prince. The captain, Gregory Miller or Milner, 
was detained there & prisoner. See Gal S.P. Dvm., 1648-9, p. 376, 



239 

was plundered by the unmerciful Parliament, he being ashore 
that night that his captain went away with the ship, and he 
cut away the Tenth Whelp's hawsers, or else your Highness' 
great ships should not have come into the Sluce which Sir Henry 
Mannering can witness." He requests present order for a 
month's pay for himself and his son ; for the rest which 
is behind he will not move the Prince until hereafter. He 
prays the Prince "to call to mind of 6 barrels of powder he 
carried aboard of Captain Miller's ship in the King's 
Channel." 

[Endorsed:} To be referred to Prince Ruper[t], 

1 p. (III. 847.) 

ABRAHAM OYERS to the COURT OP HOLLAND. 

[1684, November.] An advocate of the Court has order 
from the Prince of Wales to request the correction and punish- 
ment of Sir Robert Welch for striking Lord Culpeper in the 
face with his fist, on Nov. 2 last. 

1 p. [Cf. the Prince's judgment on Nov. 7. Cal. Clar. 
S.P. I., 444.] (III. 807.) See p. 237. 

Articles of Agreement between CHARLES, PRINCE OF GREAT 
BRITAIN, and MARTINE DE REUZ* of Rotterdam, merchant. 

I. [1648, Nov. or Dec.] The Prince will deliver to de Reuz 
so many brass cannon as will amount to the weight of 
70,000$. at Helvoetsluys before the [blank] day of this instant 
November (sic). 

II. In consideration whereof de Reuz will deliver to such 
persons as Prince Rupert shall appoint at Helvoetsluys for 
the use of his Highness' fleet before the 12th day of this instant 
December (sic) 56,000[/6.] weight of good wholesome and 
serviceable bread or biscuits at the rate of 12 guilders the 
hundred (amounting to 6,720 guilders), and be allowed 1800. 
for the vessels or vats to put the said bread in, 1,428 barrels 
of beer making 238 English ones at 4 guilders and 16 stivers 
the barrel, that is to say for the beer barrels, customs and all 
duties and charges amounting to 6,854 guilders and 8 stivers, 
6,888/6. of good butter or 22 barrels containing that quantity 
at 1100. the barrel, 8,236/6. of the best cheese at 200. the 
100 weight, 1,400/. weight of Holland beef, good, sweet and 
serviceable, at 2J stivers the lb., and so much money as will 
furnish 3 longboats, 1 pinnace, one great ensign and 8 lesser 
ensigns at 1,2000., and shall furnish 1,4000. to buy 8,000 ells 
of cloth to make clothes for 1,000 men, and 4000. to buy 
1,000 pairs of shoes. 

III. De Reuz shall be allowed 3000. for boat hire and 
portage of the provisions to Helvoetsluys, and out of the 
value of the proceed of the 70.000 weight of brass guns 3,2370. 



'" Or KueZj as spelt in the endorsement. 



240 

due and allowed to him upon two accounts of disbursements 
for the Prince's service. 

IV. De Reuz also covenants to presently furnish the sum 
of 8,919Z. 12s., to make up 28,000 guilders in the whole, to be 
paid to whom Prince Rupert shall appoint, being at the rate 
of 40 guilders per cent, upon the 70,000|76.] weight of cannon. 

V. He will further not sell or dispose of any part of the 
said 70,000 weight of cannon for two months after delivery of 
the same to him, during which time the Prince shall have liberty 
to sell the same, or part thereof, to any person that will give 
more than 400. per cent., provided that out of the said sum 
de Reuz receive first the 28,0000. above mentioned, failing 
which de Reuz shall sell the same at the best rate he can, 
and account for the money so raised above the value of 400. 
per cent., and above the said sum of 28,000 guilders. 

VI. If there shall be more than 70,000$. weight of brass 
canon, de Reuz will account for the overplus. 

VII. The Prince will allow de Reuz interest at the rate of 
5 per cent, for a year for all money disbursed by him during 
the two months for which he keeps the cannon unsold, unless 
the Prince can procure a chapman sooner, in which case he will 
allow interest in proportion, but no interest shall be allowed 
for the 3,237[0.] above mentioned as due upon former accounts. 

Further the Prince agrees that in case the cannon cannot 
be sold at 400. per cent., he will either deliver so much more 
cannon as will make up the 28,0000., or will abate out of the 
28,0000. so much as shall fall short in the price of 40 per cent. 
upon the said proportion of 70,000 weight. 

3J pp. Draft. The last paragraph, in a different hand, 
added subsequently to endorsement. No. 241 of the papers 
taken at Worcester. (III. 817.) 



The PRINCE OF WALES to ARCHDUKE LEOPOLD [Governor of 
the Spanish Netherlands]. 

1648, Dec. 12 n.s. The Hague. Thanking him for the 
assurances of affection he has received through Sir Henry de 
Vic, King Charles' Resident, regretting that at present he 
can do little to reciprocate them, and commending De Vic 
to the Archduke's protection. It would be a great loss to the 
service of both Crowns and would also touch his Majesty's 
honour if so faithful a servant should succumb under the 
weight of the expense to which he has been put. 

l| p. Draft. French. (III. 463.) 

WILLIAM CURTIUS to ROBERT LONG. 

1648, Dec. 3-13. Frankfort. These peoples hardly see yet 
any difference between a suspension of arms and open war. 
To some the latter would be more tolerable. This republic 
is highly indignant at being ordered to entertain troops 



241 

assigned to the neighbouring country, a thing never done by 
Imperialists or Spaniards. In the Low Palatinate, the people 
suffer more from the commissaries than they ever did from 
the war, for in addition to what the garrisons (both of friend 
and foe) devour, the regiments from Bavaria demand almost 
more than all the goods of the country can supply. The end, 
however, we hope is near. 

The Duke of Saxe and General Konigsmark have quarrelled ; 
the former having seized several boat-loads of booty from 
Prague, on the ground that things had been taken from the 
very walls, even marble pillars. 

Levies are still being raised in Glattaw and Silesia. The excuse 
is that the die was cast before the settlement at Munster, and 
also that the flood of Tartars into Poland forces them to be 
on their guard. 

It is said at Vienna that the Princes Casimir and Charles 
rivals for the Crown [of Poland,] had come to blows, with 
some slaughter, to the disadvantage of the younger ; but from 
Dantzig we hear that he has given way voluntarily to his 
senior, and that the election was to be on the 15th ultimo. 

The Bavarian army is spread over the High Palatinate, 
and especially in the lands of the Prince of Sulzbach, thus 
relieving him of the Swedes, who weigh all the more heavily 
on Franconia. The people there loudly declare that they 
cannot satisfy their demands, and the Elector of Mayence 
has had to come himself to Wiirzburg, " pour etre plus proche 
du malade." The French commander will give up the town 
of Hochst and will get 1,000 rix-dollars for doing so, at 
Turenne's request. 

Your few words of Nov. 30 on his Royal Highness, and 
especially on his health, have much enlightened me. 

2J pp. French. (III. 455.) Last para, in Curtius' own 
hand. 



The PRINCE'S INSTRUCTIONS to CAPTAIN JAMES APSLEY. 

1648, Dec. [4-J14. [The Hague.] 1. He shall sail to 
one of the ports of Munster and deliver letters to the Lord 
Lieutenant [Ormond], to Lord Inchiquin, President of Munster, 
and to Mr. Richard Fanshaw. 

2. He shall not take any prizes till he is assured that the 
treaty in England is absolutely broken off. 

3. When so assured, he shall, before putting his commission 
in execution, inform Ormond, Inchiquin, and the Admiralty 
Judge of the province. 

The Prince acknowledges himself bound to [blank] for 
2,300Z. furnished to his use. 

1 p. Draft. No. 224 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
(III. 467.) 

P 16 



242 

The PRINCE OF WALES to the CHAMBERLAIN of his 
HOUSEHOLD [LORD BRENTFORD]. 

1648, Dec. [10-J20. The Hague. Certifying that he has 
promised to Mr. Charles Berkley, son of Sir Charles Berkly, 
kt., Controller of his Household, the first vacancy in the 
posts of carver, cupbearer or server in ordinary. 

1 p. Draft. (III. 469.) 

The SAME to JAMES, MARQUIS OF ORMOND. 

1648, Dec. [18-J28, [Endorsement "The Hague/'] Com- 
mending the bearer, Major-General [Sir George] Monroe, who 
had served in the late unfortunate engagement of Scotland. 

\ p. Draft. (III. 475.) 

Another of same date and like effect to [MURROUGH] LORD 

INCHIQUIN. 

J p. Draft. [Endorsed:] A pass by sea the same day, in 
English, for Wm. Walsh to Ireland. 

Another pass in Latin for Captain-Lieut. Thomas Thwaytes. 
(III. 475.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [JACQUES] DUKE OF COURLAND. 

1648, Dec. [19-]29. [Endorsement, "The Hague."] Having 
seen a letter of the Duchess to the Queen of Bohemia 
containing proof of affection for himself and the Duke of 
York, he thanks the Duke for the same. 

\ p. Draft. French. (III. 473.) 

[The PRINCE OF WALES] to [LORD CHANCELLOR LOUDOUN]. 

[1648.] December [23]. Received on 5thinst. theletterof the 
Committee of Estates,* dated Oct. 17, and assures him that 
he should be exceeding glad to see a perfect union between 
all those in his Majesty's kingdom who are well affected 
to peace and the vindication of his Majesty's right, and 
to the release of his person from the impious imprisonment 
he endures. Whosoever shall heartily join in that pious 
work will lay the greatest obligation on the Prince. He 
desires the Committee to be assured of this. 

1 p. Copy. [Printed in Clar. 8. P. II., 461.] 

Overleaf. Same date, to the Commissioners of the General 
Assembly, to the like effect. 

1 p Copy, in the same hand. [Printed ut supra, II., 462.] 
(III. 733.) 

DR. RICHARD HART to SECRETARY LONG. 

[1648, Dec. 25-]1649, Jan. 4. n.s. Rotterdam. 
Replies to a letter concerning his going to sea with the fleet, 
written by command of the Prince. He had not yet had 

* This letter is printed in Clar. S,P. II, p. 422. 



243 

any order to go to sea, but had causes of conjecture that the 
execution of his place as Judge of the Admiralty would be 
disposed of to other men's hands. Thus he had no reason of 
his own head to undertake a miserable journey at sea in winter 
without some assurance that he might not only have an 
employment by his voyage, but also means of subsistence by 
it. All which in his last undertaking he had wanted. 

The first time he heard of such motion was when Prince Rupert 
spoke to him about it "this last week." He told him that no 
one was more willing to venture life and fortune for the Prince 
than himself, but only if things were brought into some order 
before he went, and he allowed to fulfil the duties of his office, 
not to " stand by like a cypher and as a useless man." More- 
over, as he can get nothing out of England, if he is to go, he 
must have 40/. or 501. to pay his debts at Rotterdam. 

If p. No. 307 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 569.) 

Colonel JOHN PHILIP HIRTTER to SECRETARY LONG. 

[1648, Dec. 29-J1649, Jan. 8. Brussels. Renewal of war 
in England being certain he offers his poor services. Is 
persuaded that his suggestion about a certain rich and 
experienced general, much esteemed by the Duke of Lorraine, 
will not be forgotten. Requests instructions and that a 
letter may be directed to Mrs. Baker's in Troisbruke, Bruxelles. 
It will be for the advantage of the Prince, and he himself will 
enter upon the risk manibus pedibusque. 

2 pp. Latin. [See notice of his death, while gathering troops 
for Charles II. in 1652 Cal. Clar. S.P. II., 131.] (III. 573.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [ARCHIBALD] MARQUIS OF ARGYLE. 

[1648, Dec. 30-]1649, Jan. 9. n.s. Thanking the Marquis 
for his desire to preserve the Monarchy in Scotland, and 
entreating him to employ his power for the King and for his 
deliverance from his present sad condition. 

| p. Copy. (III. 571.) No. 218 of the Worcester papers. 

The SAME to JOHN, EARL OF LOUDOUN. 
Of the same date and to like effect. 

I p. Copy. (III. 571.) 

MRS. ELIZABETH FITZ JAMES* to the PRINCE OF WALES. 

[1648, December.] For his nines the Prins of Wals. 

II Will et pies your hines to rede this complants hou much 
i sofer for you brothr the Duke of yourk my goode is aresed 
for his dus an i myself an is in arest this ten days an partli 
for him your hines veri well knows that my husband has 
don veri much sarvis for the king your fath in the wors and 

* Probably the wife of Col. John Fitz James, who went over to the service 
of the Commonwealth as a spy. 



244 

will your hines be so much displesed for with my husba that 
i must sofer in suhc a hi meshur as i do at this tiem pray disingag 
my husband for if i goo to the port for him you will imbue 
your bans in my blud the pepl is ploting agans me hou i may be 
devord, your hiness pies to send me on hundred pund if you 
pies to ask the Duke of York i beliefe his hiness will say my 
husband has laid so much for him wen his hines had veri 
mch need of muni if your hines was ritli informed by my 
husband frens you must neds know that my husband has 
don the best sarvis for the Duke of ani engilish man wot 
sum ever that he was in this lands i hop our enemi shall not 
make it a krim for us to do the beest sarvis we kold for the 
King of inglands son mani says that Mr. Fitzjaems is torned 
rebill bekos he is gon into ingland his fathar is ded ther ther 
is mani that has related soch falseis to your hines that wen 
they com to be quisened thay will not daer justifi et houever 
werever we ar we shall all ways apruves to be your mos 
obedent sub jets ontel ded. 

2 pp. Signature. 

[Endorsed:] Received Jan. 2, 1649. (III. 567.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [William] EARL OF LANERICK, 
principal Secretary for Scotland. 

[1648.] Has sent the Earl of Brentford, his Chamberlain, 
to Scotland, hoping that a person of his experience and good 
affections to his country may be of use. Entreats their 
favour that Brentford may be restored to his estate in land 
and money. 

J p. Draft. (III. 815.) 

The SAME to the COMMITTEE OF ESTATES. 

[1648.] To the like effect as the previous letter. Praising 
Lord Brentford's affection to the King his father, and to 
himself. 

1 p. Draft. (III. 816.) 

INSTRUCTIONS for MA[JOR] SCOT [name erased]. 

[1648?] He shall conceal from all persons the trust com- 
mitted to him, and only make necessary acquaintances in 
England, and making use of discreet persons only, that the 
Prince receive no dishonour. He shall advertise the Prince 
what money he receives, and only disburse it by warrant under 
the Prince's hand, attested by his secretary. He shall within 
[blank] months return and deliver all unused blanks. 

At top. Credential letters and instructions for Venice ; 
letters for two Consuls ; letters to the Duchess and Duke of 
Savoy ; letters to Florence. 

1 p. (III. 799.) 



245 

Petition of Lieut. -Colonel HENRY MANATON to CHARLES, 
PRINCE OF GREAT BRITAIN. 

[1648, end of ?] He served under Lord Hopton and Prince 
Maurice, in whose service he was twice wounded, the second 
time being at the taking of Exeter. For this the King, when 
last in Exeter, ordered the Sheriff and Commissioners of 
Delinquents' Estates to pay him 400?. per annum. He did 
not receive in a year and a half more than 60L He therefore 
appealed to the Prince at Barnstaple, who by his lines ordered 
the Sheriff and Commissioners to pay in full. Petitioner, 
however, received nothing. Not long after, the Prince intending 
to deliver battle to Sir Thomas Fairfax in Devon, in the dead 
of winter, petitioner rode to Devonshire, when his horse 
slid and fell on his hurt leg, and broke it in four places. 
He then petitioned the Prince for the reversion of Carrabullocke 
Park in the parish of Stokeclymsland " for 21 years in reversion 
of an estate of 10 or 12 years then in being, the same being 
assigned to the Petitioner in 20/. per annum," out of which 
there is payable to the Prince for rent 61. odd yearly. On this 
the Prince ordered Secretary Fanshaw to write to Secretary 
Long for particular information. But Fairfax coming into 
Cornwall nothing was done. Petitioner has only received 
60Z. in all, in the four years and a half* since his Majesty 
signified his pleasure; and has paid surgeons and other 
charges about 5001. Returning to the Netherlands he found 
his place disposed of. He therefore prays for the said reversion 
of Carrabullocke, " he having a wife and child and not able 
to leave them anything." 

i p. (III. 791.) 

The SAME to [SECRETARY LONG]. 

[1648, end of ?] Giving a similar account of himself, and 
adding that he had formerly been for 20 years a lieutenant 
in the service of the States, but now returning " here " [to 
Holland], finds his place disposed of. He came to Prince 
Charles and Prince Maurice at Helvoetsluyes ; where they 
both spoke to the Prince of Orange of his service and requested 
him to give him a company. He asks Long to write to the 
Prince of Orange to remember him. 

1 p. Signed. (III. 795.) 

INSTRUCTIONS. 

[1648?] 1. To "take a course" for arms: to send com- 
missions : to keep intelligence and correspohdence with the 
Prince, and to have a character [i.e. cipher] to write to him 
by, and to receive letters from him : to consider what 
intelligence and correspondence they shall have with the 
Scots and Irish and other parts of England and North Wales, 

* King Charles was at Exeter in July, 1644. 



246 

and by what persons they shall make addresses in each of 
them : how they may have intelligence from London and 
the parliament and army, to know their designs and pro- 
ceedings, and to whom they shall address themselves herein : 
to have ships sent into these parts : to find men of experience 
to advise with them and to assist them : to consider what 
officers shall be sent hither, wherein care is to be taken and 
not to send any that may give offence to the soldiers or country 
here : to raise men and money, and that those that receive 
the money be men of trust, and that they may give good 
security or an oath, or both, to employ it as directed, and 
that if it be mis-employed he shall give notice to the Prince 
or such as he shall appoint : that there be some of the country 
and of the army and some from the Prince that they may 
join in the raising of money and quartering of soldiers in 
such way as may least offend the country : to provide for 
proclamations of pardon for their adherents. 

1 p. Endorsed by Long, as " sent by Captain Morgan." 
No. 145 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 783.) 



NOTES by ROBERT LONG. 

[1648?] ''Poland. Mr. Crofts to have information of the 
negotiation of Sir John Cocheran : to take notice of the King 
of Poland's letter to the Queen and to negotiate. 

If Sir John Coche[ran] there, to join with and assist him, 
if not to pursue. 

To mediate with the Queen [of Sweden] to permit such 
Scots officers to go into Scotland that are known to be well 
affected with such care and caution as the Queen may take 
no offence at it. 

To have leave for one of them to repair to the King if there 
shall be occasion without command. 

Instructions for sending of corn : to correspond with the 
Queen [Henrietta Maria] and Lord Goring: to keep corres- 
pondence with the Marquis of Montrose and to desire informa- 
tion from him of affairs in his manage. 

To order Sir John Cochran and Sir Patrick Drummond to 
keep correspondence with the Ambassador. 

To correspond with Lord Ormond and the rest of his 
Majesty's ministers abroad. 

To press the Queen [of Sweden] to declare and engage herself 
avowedly for the King if they shall cause [sic] to hope for 
any such thing. 

If the parliament attempt to send a public minister there 
to oppose his reception and admittance by all means they 
may. 

To incline the Queen to interpose with other princes par- 
ticularly France, Denmark and the States to declare for the 
King in a case where all are concerned. 



247 

To the Queen to countenance 'all the King's subjects 
in her dominion that are known to be well affected and to 
discountenance others." 

(III. 338.) 

Sir JOHN BERK[ELY] to ROBERT LONG. 

1648[-9], Jan. [8-]18.* Cambray. He wishes the Prince to 
be told that his master [James, Duke of York] after a very 
stormy night landed on the 10th inst. at Steenbergen, and 
went that day to Antwerp with all his company, where he stayed 
all the next day and went with a few of his followers with the night- 
boat to Brussels, sending the rest with his baggage to Dermont 
[Dendermond]. He would not pass without seeing Brussels, 
which proved chargeable, but otherwise not inconvenient, 
for by the assistance of Sir Henry de Vic he passed unnoticed, 
but in that quality had all the offers of respect from the Arch- 
duke that could be expected, but " neither gave nor received 
any visit, only the Duke of Larroyne" met him at his going 
out and coming in to Brussels and expressed his desire to 
serve his father, his whole family and himself. He saw an 
opera at the Court where there was an assembly of the 
Archduke and all persons of quality of both sexes. 

They met Lord Goring at Antwerp. He made great instance 
that the Duke should lie at his house at Brussels, and was not 
well satisfied at his refusal. 

They arrived at Cambray on the 17th, when the Duke 
received orders by letters of the 8th that he should stay 
wherever those letters found him. Berkely sent his nephew 
to the Queen and impatiently awaits orders, for they are " at 
30 livres per diem and not well provided for such an expense." 
Mr. Crofts and, he thinks, the Duke grow already weary of 
their stay, and will probably leave the next day. 

2 pp. Holograph. (III. 481.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to LORD GENERAL FAIRFAX and the 
COUNCIL OF WAR. 

1649, Jan. 22. [n.s.] The Hague. Urging them to restore the 
King. Calendared in Cal. Clar. S.P. /., 465, but under date 
Jan. 23. See Clarendon's Hist, of Rebellion, II, 193 
(ed. 1704). 

\ p. Copy. No. 277 of the papers taken at Worcester, 
(III. 579.) 

The PRINCE OF WALES to [WILLIAM] EARL OF LANERICK. 

1649, Jan. [19-]29. n.s. The Hague. Understanding by 
Lt. Colonel Oglevye the affection of the King's friends in 
Scotland, desires a full account of the state of things there. 

* The contents show that the year date of this letter is old style, while 
the month date is new. 



248 

| p. Signed. Seal, three feathers. Apparently not sent. 
(III. 581.) 

[JAMES, MARQUIS OF] ORMOND to [JOHN, LORD] BYRON with 
letters to the QUEEN and PRINCE OF WALES. 

1648[-9], Jan. 26. Kilkenny Castle. 1. To represent to 
them the state of Ireland on conclusion of the peace on 17th 
inst. 

2. To urge the Prince to come to Ireland both to confirm 
the three parts devoted to him and to win over or reduce the 
fourth consisting of Jones' and Owen Roe's parties. 

3. If the Independents hold forth a Treaty, their end may 
be to divert the Prince from laying hold of this advantage, 
and he cannot be more safe than at the head of armies, and 
in a country where if dangerous persons approach him, his 
father's own people and laws are ready to lay hold of them, 
which cannot so well be done in countries free for all men. 

4. To encounter any objections on his part by showing 
the condition of Lord Inchiquin's quarters, where there is the 
best army in Ireland, wholly Protestant. 

5. To advise him to go first to Cork in the first place, Kinsale, 
Youghall or Dungarvan, if his ships draw not too much water 
for the last two ports. But if pressed by weather he may 
come safely to any ports of the late Confederate Catholics' 
quarters, such as Waterford, Limerick, or even to Wexford, 
taking care of the barred haven and movable sands there. 

6. To desire him to write to all foreign Princes and States, 
graciously mentioning those in Ireland who have expressed 
their zeal to him in his lowest condition, and to request such 
Princes to favour them in commerce ; and to write to his 
agents abroad to procure protection for them. 

7. To desire him to write to the Prince of Orange to furnish 
Ireland, upon security of the Customs, with corn, arms, 
ammunition, backs and breasts, money and frigates ; also to 
send engineers and two or three regiments of good old foot, 
with their pay for three months. If these are deficient in 
officers, there are a confluence of gallant ones in Ireland. 

8. To encourage merchants in France, Flanders and Holland 
to come to Ireland. 

9. If he cannot bring money, he should still come, but leave 
unnecessary charge behind him. 

10. If the Queen likes it, the Duke of York should also 
come. 

11. In case none of the Prince's frigates can bring Lady 
Ormond from Caen to Ireland, to obtain from the States Captain 
Yambolt's man-of-war, which brought Ormond over. 

12. To recommend to the Queen and the Prince the 
importance of Scilly, that corn be sent there, and in case Sir 
John Grenville is not going there, that Ormond should send 
a Governor with such a recruit of men as they solicit. 



249 

13. To deliver two letters from Ormond and Inchiquin to 
the Earl of Warwick inviting him to Ireland if 
Byron on arrival find him in a posture to entertain such 
overture. 

14. To communicate the contents hereof and his knowledge 
of the state of Ireland to Lords Jermyn, Digby and Hat ton. 

15. To put Lord Digby in mind of the refiners mentioned 
by Dr. Lambart, to be employed by Sir George Hamilton. 

16. To acquaint the Queen that Ormond is treating with 
the Spanish agent in Ireland (who pretends to have money) 
for the transporting of men, for which he expects 3,000?. or 
4,0001., which matter he desires may be rightly understood in 
France. This money will be useful, considering the forwardness 
of Jones and Owen Roe to agree, if they have not already 
done so, and the possibility of supplies coming from England 
to Jones, also the activity of the Nuncio and Roe to alienate 
the Irish from the peace, as happened before. The men to 
be transported are such as come from Roe to the Irish quarters, 
or being disbanded by the Confederates will serve the enemy 
or plunder their friends. Before treating with the Spanish 
agent he had found that the French agent had no money, 
yet had offered him the like number of men in the future 
for the like sum. 

17. To propose a great seal of Ireland with sword, purse 
and two maces, and Commissioners for the seal. 

18. To desire an authority be sent to swear some of the 
Council, particularly Inchiquin, who, by his office of Lord 
President of Munster and by his service to the Crown, hath 
a double title thereto. 

19. That Ormond should have authority to provide out of 
the public revenue a decent support for the King's agents 
abroad, and to address foreign Princes and States. 

20. To request the Queen that Captain Darcy, on whose 
frigate Byron sails, being forbidden to amuse himself with 
prizes on the way, may be satisfied any damages of victuals, 
according to Byron's certificate, his frigate having been 
already stayed above three weeks by Ormond. 

5J pp. No. 359 of the papers taken at Worcester. Signed by 
Ormond only. (III. 485.) 

[This document is alluded to in Ormond *s letter to Jermyn of 
Jan. 24. See Carte's Life of Ormond, III, 602.] 

CHARLES II. to [the KING OF DENMARK, FREDERICK III], 

[1649, February.] Before this come to your hands, you 
will be informed of the infamous parricide committed upon 
the person of the late King, our royal father, by his rebellious 
subjects, the authors of an example extremely prejudicial 
to the dignity, and of dangerous consequence to the safety, 
of all sovereign princes, and abhorrent to the feelings of all 
Christian people. We therefore conceive ourselves bound 



250 

by the laws of nature, as a son ; by the reasons and interests 
of state as a Prince, and by the rule of piety as a Christian, 
not only to be afflicted with extreme grief for so sad a calamity, 
but also to express our indignation and detestation of it to 
your Majesty and the whole world, being confident that your 
Majesty in your great piety and wisdom will likewise have a 
just resentment and detestation of so barbarous and impious 
a fact, as well in regard of the ancient amity and alliance 
between your Majesty's dominions and the crown of Great 
Britain as of the particular friendship and affection of the 
King our said late royal father to your Majesty's person. And 
as we are the indubitable heir of his crown and dominions so 
we will succeed to the same measure of affection and friendship 
to your Majesty, and will endeavour by all ways and means 
in our power to maintain the ancient alliance and corres- 
pondence between the two crowns, not doubting but that 
your Majesty will be pleased to contribute such advice and 
assistance to us as may give us some consolation in the great 
occasion of sorrow wherewith we are now oppressed. 

1 p. Endorsed: "The Latin letter Englished." (III. 829.) 

[JOHN, EARL OF] LOUDOUN to the SCOTCH COMMISSIONERS 

at London. 

1649, Feb. 6. Edinburgh. Having used all means to 
prevent the King's death, they are to take special care that 
nothing be done to the prejudice of the King that now is, 
and that there be no change in the fundamental government. 
Having entered their protestation in the name of Scotland, 
they are to return home. 

1 p. Copy. No. 64 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
(III. 583.) 

[JOHN, EARL OF] LOUDOUN and [ARCHIBALD, MARQUIS OF] 
ARGYLL to CHARLES II. 

1649, March 2. Edinburgh. Hoping that he will embrace 
the faithful counsel of the Commissioners of the Scotch 
Parliament, in which case they will esteem no hazard too 
hard which may establish his Government in all his kingdoms. 
But if any man dissuade his Majesty from hearkening to the 
honest advice of his most loyal subjects, or move him by 
delay to lose seasonable opportunities, he has just reason 
to ponder such counsels as most ready means to strengthen 
his enemies, and render Scotland incapable of doing him 
service " whereto we shall be more greevous then any private 
interest or losse can befall us." 

1| p. Signed, CM. thrice on back. (III. 585.) 

ADRIEN PAUW to [SECRETARY LONG ?]. 
1649, March [5-]15. The Hague. His Majesty having 
received favourably the writer's prayer for his eldest son, 



251 



appointed to the Baillage de Goylant, both before and after 
Pauw's journey to England, he requests his correspondent to 
refresh his Majesty's memory. 
1 p. French. (III. 589.) 



EARL OF] CRA[W]FURD* to SECRETARY LONG. 

1649, March [13-J23. Madrid. Has written divers times, 
but received no answer. The horrid action done against " our 
righteous King " has made him write to his son " our natural 
and undoubted just prince " ; he encloses copy to Long. 

If things are well looked after at Madrid, the King will 
receive a very considerable assistance in money, notwith- 
standing all the troubles Spain is now in. Nothing was ever 
taken more to heart by the King of Spain and his nobles 
than the horrid action of those treacherous rebels at London. 

He will be glad to assist his Majesty if aid be desired from 
Spain. The King should give assurance that if restored to 
his right, he will restore back all such aids in the same nature 
in which he receives them now, and that he will assist the 
King of Spain in all occasions lawful in time of his necessities. 

1 J p. No. 292 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 595.) 

[LuDovic, EARL OF] CRA[W]FURD, to CHARLES II. 

1649, March [13-]23. Madrid. Though he might gain all 
the wealth of the East and West Indies, he would rather choose 
with bread and water to serve his Majesty than any Prince 
alive. Born a Peer of Scotland he stands obliged to represent 
to his Majesty what concerns the recovery of his crowns. He 
will serve wherever appointed, and advises the King to ask aid 
from the King of Spain, from whose own mouth he has heard 
that assistance will be given to punish the traitors. 

2 pp. (III. 599.) 
/ 

Also, another copy of the previous letters under the same 
date. 

1J p. No. 288 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 603.) 

CHARLES II to [ARCHIBALD, MARQUIS OF] AJRGYLE. 

1649, March 18. The Hague. Has received both the 
Marquis' letters by William Murray, and promises himself 
much good from Argyle's advice, knowing that a right under- 
standing between himself and his subjects will be a sure 
foundation of mutual happiness. He hopes when the Com- 
missioners come so to clear all mistakes that it shall be evident 
to the Marquis and them that he is willing to do all things for 
their good. 

| p. Copy. (III. 591.) 

* Ludovic, Earl of Crawfurd, was banished for treason by the Scots Estates, 
the Earldom being given to his younger brother John, Lord Lindsay. 



252 

[JOHN, EARL OF] LOUDOTTN, to CHARLES II. 

1649, March 24, Edinburgh. Rendering his humble suit 
that his Majesty may listen to faithful counsels and grant 
the desires of Scotland tendered by their Commissioners. 
He has referred the reasons which convince him to be of this 
judgment to the noble and trusty bearer. It is the most 
eminent title of his Majesty's dignity to be called " Defender 
of the Faith," and if he follow those ways which are really 
for Reformation and defence of Religion and enter in the 
Covenant, it will be the surest foundation to establish his 
throne by a pious and honourable peace, or by a just and 
necessary war. 

1 p. Holograph. No. 96 of the papers taken at Worcester. 
(III. 607.) 

KING CHARLES II to [JOHN,] EARL OF LOUDOUN. 

1649, March 25 [endorsement]. Requesting his lordship to 
employ himself to preserve the life of Marquis Huntley. 

| p. Copy. Endorsed : " delivered by my Lord Jarrett, 
Mr. Ayton. Copy of his Majesty's letter to my lord Loudoun 
forM: Huntley." Addressed: "for Mr. Doctor Wisheart." 
(III. 493.) 

CHARLES II. Instructions for HENRY, LORD PERCY. 

1649, April [17-]27. 1. He shall congratulate Louis XIV 
on the Treaty [of Rueil]. 

2. Also the Duke of Orleans, the Prince of Conde and the 
Cardinal [Mazarin]. 

3. He shall thank the King and Queen-Regent for their 
safe-conduct through France, from the S.W. part of which 
King Charles means to sail to Ireland. 

4. He shall thank them for previous kindness, and solicit 
more money, persuading also Orleans, Conde and Mazarin. 

5. He shall show these instructions to Queen Henrietta 
Maria and shall follow her directions. 

6. He shall acquaint Lord Jermyn with these instructions. 
1| p. Sign Manual of the King, and also initialed by him at 
the end. (III. 503 ; III. 499 is the draft thereof.) 

KING CHARLES II. Instructions to JOHN [BRAMHALL], BISHOP 

OF DERRY. 

1649, April [10-]20. 1. He shaU deliver the King's letter 
to Ormond. 

2. He shall acquaint him that the King of Portugal gives 
the liberty of the port of Lisbon and others in Portugal to 
King Charles' ships. 

3. He shall also acquaint Prince Rupert of this. 

4. He shaU acquaint them both that the King of Portugal 
will send to Ireland an Irishman called Domingo de Rosario, 



253 

with addresses to the King (though not with any avowed 
public quality) and if he come before the King is there in 
person, he is to be received with all civility, and Ormond and 
Rupert are to treat with him. 

5. King Charles is about to send an Ambassador to the King 
of Spain, from whom he expects more aid for Ireland than from 
Portugal. Caution and secrecy must therefore be observed in 
'transactions with Rosario. 

6. The Bishop shall follow any directions given to him by 
Ormond in the King's name. 

1J p. Draft. (III. 507.) 

KING CHARLES II to [JAMES,] MARQUIS OF ORMOND. 

1649, [April 25-]May 4 [endorsement]. Is now hoping 
to start for Ireland in a few days, passing, without any 
great stay, through Flanders and France. Meanwhile he has 
ordered the Earl of Bramford [Brentford], whom he has 
employed into Sweden, to send Ormond 1,000 horsemen's 
arms, 900 pistols and a quantity of powder and match, 
the freight to be paid on arrival, as agreed in Sweden. 
Brentford has prevailed with several merchants there to send 
to Ireland ships laden with corn, one of which will convey the 
arms. All kindness is requested for the Swedish merchants' 
factors and servants. 

[Noted.] For the Marquis of Ormond, Lord Hopton's 
cipher. Endorsed as sent by Colonel Hamond. 

1 p. Copy. (III. 511.) 

[ARNOUL] DE LISLE to KING CHARLES II. 

1649, May [2-] 12. Lisbon. By his Majesty's orders Prince 
Rupert sent de Lisle to the King of Portugal with King 
Charles's letter. Three days after his arrival he had audience of 
the*/ King, who received him with expressions of zeal for the 
King of England's interests, and promised to send orders to 
all his ports. His Ministers have since promised to do the same in 
the ports of Africa and the Azores. The Queen was equally 
zealous, as also was the Count de Mira, the King's favourite and 
Admiral. 

2 pp. French. A duplicate of the above precedes it in the 
Pepys' collection, dated 4 days later. (III. 527.) 

[JAMES, MARQUIS or] MONTROSE* to SECRETARY LONG. 

1649, May [endorsed]. " I hope you have the other letters 
for the Bishops of Mayance and Collogne and the Town of 

* In April, 1649, Montrose, who had previously been named Lieut.- 
Governor of Scotland, received a commission from Charles II. to treat with 
the Northern Kings and States. There was a M. de Carpe who was employed 
by the King in 1652 (see Gal. Clar. S.P. II, 136) who may have been 
sent to announce Montrose's coming, but it is quite possible that Montrose 
means himself. He was anxious to get off in May, though he did not actually 
leave the Netherlands till July. 




254 

Franckfurt (which Monsieur Carp should have) in readiness. 
He like ways desires letters for Mme. la Lansgravine, and he 
who is chamberlain to the Marquis Brandeburgh, whose name 
if you know not, I shall send it you ; also a letter to the Duke 
of Niberg [Neuburg] and another to Curtius the King's 
Resident at Francfurt desiring him to be assisting to Mr. Carp, and 
if [it] be needful, to go with him to any of the next adjacent 
places. I know you have much to do and I am sorry we should 
trouble so often in this kind but these things are necessary 
and you'll be pleased to despatch with all possible diligence." 

Postscript. " We must have all gainst to-morrow night 
for he will needs be gone." 

1 p. Holograph. Endorsed : " May the 7th. Lord Mont- 
rose his letter about the letters to Cologne, Newbur[gh], 
Landg[ravine] of Hesse &c." (III. 713.) 

[JAMES, MARQUIS OF] MONTROSE to [SECRETARY LONG ?]. 

[1649, May ?] Requesting him to draw a pass for 
Lt. Colonel Montgomery, who is to repair to Sweden, and, if 
the Marquis is not at Court while his correspondent is there, 
that he will get his Majesty's signature. The Marquis forgot 
this " yesternight." It must be ready " once this foornoun." 

The other who desires the commission is Halliburton. 

Endorsed : " From the Marquis of Montrose that Hero 
perfidiously hanged by Argyle." 

| p. Holograph. (III. 717.) 

WILLIAM CURTIUS to ROBERT LONG (?). 

1649, May 11. Nuremburg. He will be glad to have the 
letters of credit and instructions from King [Charles] spoken 
of in Long's letter of the 9th, to give to the generalissimo 
[Turenne], Wrangel, the Duke d'Amalfi and the Elector of 
Mayence. The first says that the Peace about to be made 
will help the King, and that in his view 10,000 foot and 4,000 
horse will suffice to rally the " debris " of brave men dispersed 
in England by the tyranny of villains. But a port on the 
East coast is wanted, and Prince Rupert should strike from 
the West. Curtius replied that above all a bridge was wanted 
which would be a fleet in which other Potentates should join. 

The Duke d'Amalfi enquired specially about Ireland and 
that fleet ; Curtius could give no answer, and asks for news 
thereof which he could impart to such personages. He hopes 
for a " Declaration," and will speak of it to the Elector of 
Mayence when peace is definitely settled. 

Meantime there is much mutual distrust. The Imperialists 
profess to have no power over Francodal, but will do their best 
for its restitution in 6 months, assigning some other place to 
the Swedes as guarantee. The latter insist on their first 
proposal, and as the States of the Empire complain of their 
troops they threaten to send them into Austria itself for a 
change of air. 



255 

Postscript: Wrangel told me yesterday of the killing of 
Dorisla, which is so loudly applauded here that he would have 
run the same risk in this country. 

3 pp. French. (III. 519.) 

CHARLES II to the SCOTS COMMISSIONERS. 

[1649, May 19-29.] His answer to their demands. 
1| p. Draft. [Printed in Clar. S.P. Ill, Appendix xciii. 
Also in Acts of the Parliament of Scotland, VI, 457.] (III. 743.) 

Another copy of the King's Answer to the Estates of Scot- 
land. 
Identical with that previously given. (III. 811.) 

The KING'S HOUSEHOLD. 

1649, May 24 [style doubtful]. A list of his Maj tie his 
servants belonging to the Chamber according to the last 
reduction in Feb., 1648[-9]. 
The Earl of Bramford 

[Brentford] Lord Chamberlain. 

The Lord Wentworth . . 



T ^ ri d V ?f " " 'Gentlemen of the Bedchamber. 
The Lord Wilmott . . . . | 

The Lord Gerard . . . . j 

Mr. Secretary Long 

Mr. Seymor 

Mr. Braye. Grooms of the Bedchamber. 

Mr. Harding 

Mr. Progers 

Thos. Chiffeanch . . . . j p of the Bedchamber. 
John Hewson J 

Privy Chamber. 
Mr. Poley Gentleman Usher. 

Mr. Laine \ n ,1 _. 

TI/T T- -jj i h Gentlemen. 

Mr. Pennddocke . . . . j 

Chamber of Presence. 

Mr. Ayton Gentleman Usher. 

Mr. Smyth Cupbearer. 

Mr. Amias Carver. 

Mr. Freeman Quarterwaiter. 

Mr. Lisle Barber. 

Mr. Lightfoote Groom of the Kobes. 

John Andre wes . . . . Groom of the Chamber. 

James Jacks Yeomen [sic] of the bows. 

Mr. Masonett Clerk to Mr. Secretary. 

Chapel. 

Dean Steward. 
Doctr. Clare. 
Doctr. Earles. 



256 

Dr. Eraser Physicion. 

Mr. Chase Apothecary. 

Mr. Wyseman Chirugien. 

In all 30 persons. 

A list of others that are come since, and of some that were 
dismissed and remain here. 

M ' -D/ ;- Grooms of the Bedchamber. 

Mr. Blague ) 

Mr. Rogers Page of the Bedchamber. 

Mr. Cooke 1 Grooms of the Privy Cham- 
Mr. Burges } ber. 

Dr. Stampe 1 n , , . 

Mr.Floyde | Chaplains. 

Mr. Pyle Chirurgien. 

Mrs. Chiffeanch . . . . Seamstress. 

Mrs. Freeman Laundress. 

Mr. Ides Falconer. 

Mr. Bacon Huntsman. 

Mr. Samford } Tnimnpterq 

Mr. Henricke . . . . } J m P e 

Richard Easter . . . . Porter at Backstairs. 

Alexander Hill . . . . Chamber keeper to the 

Waiters. 
In all 16 persons. 

Endorsed : A list of his Ma tie his servants belonging to the 
Chamber, 24 May, 1649. (III. 529.) 

FRANCESCO DE SOTJSA CONTINHO [Portuguese Ambassador at 
the Hague], to . 

1649, [May 27-]June 6. The Hague. As the King of 
England is writing to the King of Portugal, he prays him to 
mention the following points. After his master has read the 
letter in his presence, he will keep it before himself to serve 
for consolation to himself and his successors. 

First, how he has been bold enough to exhort the King of 
England to give liberty of conscience in his States. 

Second, how he has suggested to the latter to send to Rome, 
and assured him that the King his master would take [the charge 
of] the journey upon himself, and how he [de Sousa] has 
offered to do this service in person. 

He requests a "chifre" which he thinks necessary if he is 
to serve his Majesty. 

1 p. French. (III. 533.) 

[The DUKE OF LORRAINE ?] to KING CHARLES II. 

1649, [May 29-] June 8. Brussels. Has received his 
Majesty's letters of the 25th inst. by Cottington and Hyde his 
Ambassadors extraordinary [to Spain], and heard their account 



257 

of affairs and of his Majesty's continued good will towards 
himself. He will show his gratitude whenever opportunity 
offers, as he has said to these lords. 

\ p. French. Signature torn off. (III. 535.) 

" Instructions from Mr. Chancellor concerning commissions, 
for SIR EGBERT ST[EWARD]."* 

[1649, May.] " A commission to Viscount Mongomery 
of Ards to command in chief all the horse and foot in Ulster. 

A commission for Sir Robert Steward to command 
immediately under Lord Ards. 

A commission to the same to command in chief the five 
regiments in Ulster formerly under his command, viz., his 
own regiment, that formerly under Sir William Steward, the 
Derry regiment, lately under Lord Foliot, Sir William Coles' 
regiment and Colonel Audley Mervin's regiment, but if the 
Lord of Ards engage, this commission to be burnt. 

A commission to Sir Robert Steward to levy and command 
a regiment of horse and to make inferior officers. 

A commission to James Erskin to command the regiment 
of foot and troop of horse lately under the command of 
Sir William Stewart deceased, this commission to be kept by 
Sir R. Steward to be delivered at discretion. 

A warrant to apprehend Sir Alexander Steward, Capt. 
Robert Hamleton, Mr. Robert Cunningham, clerk, and 
Mr. Hugh Cunningham, clerk, and detain them till further 
order from his Majesty or the Lord Lieutenant. This 
warrant to be directed to Sir Robert Steward." 

1 p. Draft by Long. (III. 801.) 

Memorandum of Despatches for the MARQUIS OF MONTROSE. 

[1649, May ?] I. "A general commission to be drawn with 
power to treat for foreign levies and supplies of all natures, and 
to transport and conduct them accordingly. 

II. A commission with letters and trusts for the King of 
Denmark, letters for the Duke of Holstein, Marquis of 
Brandeburgh, Duke Lunenburgh, Duke Brunswick, Grave 
Oldenburgh, Grave East Friesland, Landgrave Hessen. 

III. Letters for some Imperial towns as Hamburg and others 
whereof there may be made much use, as also those who com- 
mand the Swedish forces in Low Germany and Holstein, and 
the crown of Swede to be powerfully dealt withal at this 
conjuncture." 

1 p. In writing of Montrose. Endorsed : Despatches desired 
by the Marquis of Montrose. (III. 825.) 

Also, another memorandum for the above commission and 
letters, with the following additions : 

* Endorsement. See instructions concerning these commissions Cai. 
Clar. S.P. II, 11. 

p 17 



258 

Letters to the Emperor, Duke of Saxony, Count of Embden 
(first), General Coningsmark, General Major Douglas, and 
" the Swedish Council in Stetin and that Governor there." 
Bremen, Lubeck, Emden. 

" A letter to Prince Talmont to assist my Lord Montros." 

" Letter to Landgravine [of Hesse]. To learn of Col. Heurter 
her name, &c." 

A letter to Sir H. de Vic to procure quarters for some 
Dutch troops of horse for a month. 

1 p. (III. 821.) 

ARNOUL DE LISLE to KING CHARLES II. 

1649, June [2-J12. Lisbon. Sends the King of Portugal's 
reply, with copy of the commission and of the articles given to 
him by Prince Rupert to propose to that King. The reply is 
by the side of the articles, signed by the Secretary of State, 
after being passed by the Council. He retains the original for 
fear of loss on the way. 

J p. French. (III. 537.) 

LA CHAPELLE [French Secretary to the Portuguese Ambas- 
sador], to SECRETARY LONG. 

1649, June [11-]21. The Hague. Though almost a stranger 
he sends a book, written by himself, for King Charles, as a 
mark of the desire he has for his restoration and for vengeance 
on the horrible parricide [sic] of the late King. He begs that 
a copy may also be given to the incomparable Marquis of 
Montrose, who is about to strike terror into the heart of these 
infidels. At the end of the book is an epigram which he wrote 
after receiving the news of the King's death. 

2 pp. French. (III. 539.) 

MONSIEUR PORREE to [RALPH,] Baron HOPTON, with a book. 

1649, [June 24-] July 4. Rouen. Encloses his translation 
of the incomparable work of the royal Martyr. Its production 
is due to Lord Hopton's exhortations in the letters of Monsieur 
de Sangle. He hoped that Lord Hopton would present it on 
his behalf to the King, but hearing that his Lordship has gone 
as Ambassador to the King of Denmark, he has asked the 
Resident [Sir Richard] Brown and the Chevalier [Sir George] 
Ratcliff to do him the same favour. 

2 pp. French. (III. 543.) 

[PRINCESS] ELIZABETH [daughter of Charles I], to 

KILVERT. 

[1649 ?]* June 29. " Dear Kilvert, I am very sory that so 
ill an ocation should bringe Jackeson to you but sence he is 
gon I can now only wish he may have good fortune in the world 

* Or perhaps 1650. The Princess died on Sept. 8, 1650. 



259 

for yo r sake as well as his owne and could I say any more to 
expres my kindnes to you then this poore assurance I would 
not omit the doing of it for I am very much yo r friend and on 
all ocations will not fail to proove my being 

Yo r most affectionate friend and mistris to doe you good, 

ELIZABETH. 

J p. Holograph. [Only one other autograph letter of Princess 
Elizabeth is known to exist : a short note to her sister Mary, 
1645. Harley MS., 6988, /. 188.] (III. 729.) 

The CONSTABLES OF BRUSSELS (20) to the KING OF ENGLAND. 

[1649, June ?*] Had discharged canons at his " Joyous 
Entry " on the previous day, as is the ancient custom, to do 
honour to a monarch, and request the usual gratuity. 

1 p. French. (III. 849.) 

SIR JOHN GRENVILLE to [SECRETARY LONG]. 

1649, July 14. Scilly. The letter he intended to send by 
Mr. Morton was left behind by the carelessness of his servant. 
He begs continuance of favour for Mr. Morton. The bearer, 
Captain Smyth, commands a little frigate which would be of 
great use to Scilly, if so ordered by the King. The want of 
frigates would have put the place in great distress had not 
the Dutch prize beyond expectation supplied their necessities. 
In his last letter he acquainted his correspondent that there 
was not one frigate belonging to the island. The commissions 
have hitherto had very ill luck. 

1 p. Holograph. Seal. Addressed : For your selfe. (III. 
547.) 

Notes by SECRETARY LONG. 

1649, July [18-]28. " A warrant to signify commissions to 
he revoked if the Captains do not obey his Majesty's orders. 

To speak with Lord Jermyn on the particulars of Whitting- 
ton's letter, and concerning a perfect neutrality. 

A letter to the Governor of Jersey concerning the ship 
taken by the Sieur de Rudunel, if dismissed as not prize, yet 
to remain under an arrest till the ship of Jersey taken by a 
marq of B. [sic] be restored. 

To Sir John Cockeran to press for public audience to signify 
to the States that he cannot stay if Jones be received. 

Curtius to procure the Emperor's letter that none be 
received at Hamb[urg] from the rebels. 

Will Sands to be sent into Sweden, 

And to attend the Lords to-morrow at 2 o'clock at my Lord 
Keeper's [Sir Rich. Lane] chamber. 

Lord Jermyn about getting 200 barrels of powder. 

* Charles' first visit to Brussels after his father's death was in June, 1649, 
when great preparations were made for his reception ; he was lodged in the 
Palace, and " royally entertained." Gal. Clar. S.P. II, 16 ; Hist, of 
Rebellion, III, 243 (book 12). 



260 

To advertise Sir John Grenville of the intention to 
invade Scilly by the rebels: to send this by way of Molens 
to Sambourne. 

To advise Lord Ormond of Cromwell's intention to land in 
Munster at a castle near Cork : to send by Lord Ormond [sic], 

Instructions for sending one half of the arms to Lord Mont- 
rose and the other to Lord Ormond : to examine the state 
and if it be possible to procure money to defray the charge 
either from the Queen or otherwise, and to send them [? money] 
to Ireland : to examine the accounts and charges : to send 
a ship for the arms, and money to defray the charge upon 
them. 

A letter from Lord Bramford [Brentford] for the delivery 
of the half of the arms to such as Lord Ormond may appoint, 
and to send a note of the nature of the arms, 

A warrant from the King and letter for Lord Bramford for 
the delivery of the arms to be sent to Lord Ormond and another 
letter to be sent overland to John Madock[?], paying charges. 

To give an account of the state of the rebellion in England, 
of the circumstances of the King's death and of the change 
of government. 

Scotland and Ireland, copies of the papers of the treaty with 
the Scots delivered to them, to give an account of his Majesty's 
proceedings with them. 

A power to borrow six ships and to insist upon it as they shall 
see cause upon the place. 

To desire assistance, men, money, arms, shipping. 

Contract for satisfaction. 

To forbear the pressing of any one particular till they receive 
from them order after advertisements as they shall see cause 
upon the place. 

For the order to Sir Wm. Bos well to proceed to demand 
reparation and to prosecute it with effect. 

To see the letter of the King of Poland. 

Strickland's papers to be recommended to the lords. 

Letters to several persons in Sweden. 

A letter in Latin to the Queen of Spain. 

A letter to Don Louis de Haro and other letters to the ministers. 

My Lord Jermyn to have notice of this meeting." 

(III. 551.) 

SIR JOHN BERKELEY'S Petition to KING CHARLES II. 

1649, [Aug. 23-]Sept 2. Having been heretofore appointed 
Governor to the Duke of York, he received several sums of 
money, and has as yet given no account, and so received no 
discharge for the same. He requests that his account may 
be referred to such persons as may certify the state thereof to 
the King, and may take his account of what money he formerly 
issued for the service of Princess Henrietta since her coming out 
of Exeter. 



261 

At St. Germain, 1649, Sept. 2. Consideration of the petition 
is referred to the Lord Treasurer [Cottington] and Mr. Chancellor 
of the Exchequer [Hyde]. [Signed.] Robert Long. 

The report follows and is identical with the draft by Hyde, in 
Clar. S.P. [See Cal. Clar. S.P. //. 21. It was found that 
Sir John had disbursed in all 1,14:81. 5s.] (III. 561.) 

The Examination of CAPTAIN MATTHEW PENNIALL. 

1649, Aug. 24. Dunkirk. He sailed from Calais in the after- 
noon of Sunday 22nd inst.* with four or five men all strangers 
to him. Anchoring in the roads he was joined by nine more. 
In the morning they made for England within half a league of 
Dover, having intelligence that English money was to be sent 
over in a fisher boat. About 4 in the afternoon the boat came 
out from Dover which was a French bottom, of Calais. They 
pursued him, and about two leagues from Calais, at night, got 
between him and Calais. " He downe with his sails not far from 
us and lay as if he had been at anchor. Perceiving of me to be 
a man-of-war he put all his money into a pair of canvas 
breeches and tied a rope about it about four or five fathoms 
long, and at the end of the rope a long piece of a fir pole, 
and. . . threw it all overboard." He then came to Penniall who 
boarded him and asked what money he had. He swore he had 
not a penny in the boat, which they searched and finding none, 
let him go. Half-an-hour after, driving with the tide towards 
Boulogne Penniall struck a buoy, which he pulled up and found 
the money. Being loose bound some of it fell into the sea 
but they saved about TOOL or 8001. in gold and about 700 half- 
crowns. He then sailed to Dunkirk and made a declaration. 

Certified to be a true copy by Thomas Norgate, Deputy 
Registrar, Sept. 2, 1649. 

1 p. (III. 555.) 

THOMAS NORGATE to SECRETARY LONG, at St. Germain's. 

1649, Sept. 2 " new style " [sic], Dunkirk. Repeats 
Captain Penniall's story and sends a copy of his examination, 
adding that he had been of Sir Thomas Rokeby's regiment, 
but then held a commission given him by Mr. Whittington. 
The Calais merchants claim the money as taken out of their 
bottom, on their shore. Norgate answers that the trans- 
portation of gold and silver is unlawful, nor can the King of 
England's coin in so great a quantity be merchants' goods ; 
again, throwing it overboard, they threw away their property 
to it ; the finder is the best owner ; what is taken out of the 
sea is indisputable prize ; and how can they swear that 
numerical gold and silver and canvas breeches was theirs ? 
It was the captain's luck to find it, but ill luck that he could not 

* .This shows that the document is dated English style. Norgate's letter 
(enclosing this examination) is dated Sept. 2 n.s., but this must be an error. 



262 

keep it, for coming under Mardyke fort on his way to Norgate, 
Monsieur de Strade, through the incentment of the French 
merchants, sent out two sloops to take him, and weighing anchor 
that night he was chased into Calais, and used like a dog. 
The Governor here secures Norgate, for examining him, taking 
no notice of his commission, because not recommended to him 
by the Court of France or Lord Jermyn. Norgate therefore 
desires Lord Jermyn's letters, and a judge to whom to report 
prizes for adjudication. 

But every week coin is transported either by the packet- 
boat or in such bottoms 20,000?. or 30,OOOZ. sterling. Again 
there was more than an ordinary mystery about it for on 
Aug. 22, when Capt. Penniall was ready to sail, the Governor 
kept him until he had passed his word, and Sir Thomas 
Rokeby's, that he would not meddle with any French boat 
coming from England that bout. Norgate requests that this 
may be represented to the honble. Board, and that some one 
may solicit to the Admiralty for the captain. Norgate is too 
poor to do so, and requests some allowance, and stricter order 
for the Registrar's fees to be paid, and that some boisterous 
ones may be forced to conform to the King's orders. Captain 
Bing flatly before the Agent denies to give any account of 
three prizes brought in. O'Doran and Glowd Collett flatly deny 
the King's commission. They never intended for Ireland, which 
some 60 of their men perceiving, left them and bought a 
vessel, and intend for Ireland by Jersey, with whom goes 
Dr. Whittaker. 

Postscript. He desires to be acquainted whether the Agent or 
he should take the account, which the former is too willing to do. 
Monsr. Docquerele, judge here, is now gone to Paris, to move 
for an order that the business may depend on their judicature : 
if so Norgate desires to be admitted with them. 

2 pp. Holograph. (III. 557.) 



Heads of a letter to RICHARD KEMP, Secretary to his Majesty, 
for the Colony of VIRGINIA. 

[1649 ?] His Majesty being informed by the bearer, 
Major Moryson, of the loyalty of the colony to his father 
and now to himself, looks upon it with a gracious eye, 
and will use what means he may to protect them from the 
rebels' ships. 

He looks upon the fort of Point Comfort as a place of 
consequence ; the works must be mended or extended if it 
seems good to the Governor himself and to the Governor of 
the fort, the cost to fall on his revenue in that country. 
Twenty men and two guns must be kept in the fort, and the 
passages of any men brought over for it paid to the master 
that shall bring them, and others be put in when their time 
is out at the King's charge. 



263 

All ships, strangers and others, shall pay their duties to his 
fort. 

All care to be taken to increase the store of ammunition ; 
all ordnance to be mounted. 

That the pay be better paid to this Governor than 
to the former that he may be able to do his Majesty's 
service. 

1 p. 

Also, on slip in same hand : Heads of a letter to the Governor 
if he approves these propositions : 

If the Governor approve these propositions, he shall have 
power to contract with the country for the Customs. All 
ships having his and the Governor of the Fort's certificate that 
they have paid them, shall be free from his Majesty's fleet 
and in all ports under obedience from custom. 

That his Majesty's Agent or some merchant be in the letter 
named to whom the Customs may be assigned for his Majesty's 
use here. 

No. 301 of the papers taken at Worcester. (III. 787, 789.) 



THEODORE DOMMER to CHARLES II. 

1649 [Amsterdam ?]. Being a merchant of Amsterdam he 
has resolved to place himself at his Majesty's orders with six 
ships of war of 36 guns each, for six months, for such sum as 
may be agreed, half of which is to be paid at once, that is in 
three months, and the balance three months after the expiration 
of the said six months, receiving security for the last three months. 
Should he succeed in bringing 10,000 men from Ireland on his 
other ships, either for the service of the King of Spain or the 
Republic of Venice, his Majesty shall abate from the last 
three months service ten rix dollars per man. 

\ p. French. (III. 611.) 



Memorandum by THOS. KILLIGREW. 

[1649 ?] Commission, letters of credence, instructions : 
my pass from his Majesty : four letters to confirm the Consuls 
at Venice, Naples, Genoa, Leghorn, "or to make new ones 
as I find them affected." 

His Majesty's letters of thanks to these gentlemen " that 
obliged me in Italy and furnished money upon his credit 
when I was last there, " viz. : Mr. John Abdey, Mr. James 
Man, Mr. Samuel Bonnealls, Mr. Williams, Mr. Francis 
Crumton, Mr. Martin Lister. 

The King's letters to the Duke of Florence, the Duke of 
Savoy and the Duchess." 

Endorsed : Mr. Thos. Killigrew's instructions for the 
making (?) up of several letters. 

1 p. No. 254 of papers taken at Worcester. (III. 785.) 



264 

CHARLES II to [JAMES, LORD ORMOND] the COUNCIL OF 
IRELAND and the MAYOR, &c. of WESTFORT [WEXFORD ?].* 
1649[-50], Jan. 20. The Hague. Complaining that the 
ship Fortune had been seized and carried into "Westfort" 
on her voyage from Holland to Cabo de Gio [Cabo di Yof, 
i.e. the Cape Verde by Yof ?] both being neutral ports. 
1 p. Unsigned Copy. French. (III. 575.) 

THOMAS ALLEEN to LORD CHIEF JUSTICE [OLIVER] ST. JOHN, 

Ambassador from the Parliament to Holland. 
1651, June 23. Sluse. This is to give thanks for the money 
your Lordship sent for my expenses, and likewise to let 
you understand that I should have come to know your 
Lordship's commands before I went from the Hague, but the 
same evening I was resolved to have come, " there fell some 
dispute between a friend of mine and myself, that saw me 
when I came to your Lordship's house, and so I was engaged 
to go presently with him towards Rotterdam. . . . For the 
little time I stayed in the Hague, which was but three days 
after I saw your Lordship, I was in company with divers 
gentlemen, cavaliers, and I do verily believe there were some 
of the party I have told you of amongst them, for they were 
the most invective men that I have heard, but according 
to their discourse they were to go most of them suddenly 
out of the Hague, for the Lord Delamont [Bellamont] and 
divers others were gone some little time before towards 
Scotland. Now to let your Lordship understand that I will 
not fail to use my best endeavour to serve you wherein I can ; 
upon Monday night last there came divers passengers by the 
packet boat out of England to one Coutt's house at Bruges, 
where I was lodged, and amongst the rest I lighted upon 
my friend Mr. Grenfild's his servant, who had been sent for 
England, so, after I came to know it, I desired him to come 
into my chamber and drink a glass of wine with me, for I 
would write to his master that I should come and see him it 
might be shortly. So when I had made it appear to him 
the good acquaintance his master and I had, I asked him 
if Mr. Purfraye [Purefoy] was in England, for I had heard so 
at Bruges. He said no, for he was sick at Brussels when he 
went for England. Then I asked where Mr. Glieene and Mr. 
Turvill was ; he told me he went with them for England 
about three weeks ago, and they were now in London. I 
asked him if they were to return shortly, he said no, for 
they had put off all their servants to others, and none but 
him to wait upon them for England." He further told me 
that his business in England was to fetch 601. for his master, 
and to stay with them till they sent him away ; that he 

* The Fortune of Flushing was driven into Dingle Bay in Jan., 1649[-50]. 
See Irish Calendar 1647-60, pp. 376, 377. The petition in the S.P. says 
that she was bound for Cape Verde in Barbary. 



265 

believed they were going towards Scotland ; and that he 
had brought divers letters over, sewed between the soles of a 
pair of old boots in his portmantle. Also that their trunks 
were searched at Dover, but as soon as their trunks came 
into their lodging and they had put on clean linen, they went 
both up to the Castle where they dined, and stayed there 
till three o'clock, before they took horse, but he stayed in 
the tavern to look to their goods. I asked when his master 
and the rest were to go for England ; he said he did not know, 
but he heard a servant of the Lord Lowbere's [? Loughborough] 
say the day before he went for England that Sir John Willet 
and Mr. Thtnne and the Duke of Lorraine's secretary and 
one of his gentlemen were gone for Holland to buy some 
good ships and that there should be a great many foot and 
horse sent for Scotland, and that the ships were to come into 
France to take them in there, but he did not think his master 
was to go with them. " He did not know to whom the letters 
which he brought were directed only seeing them sewn up as 
he was to deliver them to his master. In London, the first 
four nights they lay at the Angel behind Clement's church 
out of Temple Bar, and then behind the old Exchange (where 
he left them), but they dined for the most part at the 
Ship tavern with merchants. Upon Thursday before this 
man's coming over there was a Dutch gentleman at Bruges, 
a friend of mine, who had invited me that day to dine at the 
best ordinary in the town, where were divers gentlemen, 
but all Dutch and Walloons ; and amongst the rest there was 
a cousin of the Baron de Donard [ ? Dohna] that said at the 
table that his cousin was raising 2,000 horse to be delivered 
to the Duke of Lorraine for the King of England's service, 
a he was pleased to call him . . . and that his cousin and 
the Grave of Luxemburg had paid all the money already." 
If they were not ready by the time the Duke had provided 
the ships, the Duke was to make them up out of his own 
troops. He likewise said the Prince of Linnye [? Ligny], the 
Marquis of Ranne, the Grave of Henaute [Hainault] and 
divers others, Dutch and Walloon Earls and Lords, who had 
contributed to the raising of these forces, were most of them 
now at Brussels. " Of late I have seen so many malicious 
people that I protest, by the faith of a soldier, that if my 
power were as able as my heart is to do you service, I would 
go to Brussels and Antwerp both, and give you a better account 
of this business than I can at present." 

Postscript. " I am now in Sluse, and shall have no occasion 
to go to Bruges this six weeks, by reason it is vacation there 
now. The French army upon Thursday last quartered at 
Do way in Artois, and is marching into Flanders ; it is strong, 
26,000 foot and 10,000 horse. The army of Leopoldus is 
nothing near the number, for he is not above 8,000 foot and 
about 7,000 horse, for there be but few of the Loraine troops 
in the army, for their corps lie upon another quarter, but the 



266 

speech goes very hot here they are like to make an agreement 
this summer, and this is all I can advertise your lordships at 
present." 

2f pp. (III. 615.) 

Deposition of JOHN CHRISTIAN, son of John Christian, Deemster 
of the Isle of Man. 

1651, Nov. 8. Whitehall. About 12 months since Major 
[Walter] Whitford, son of Bishop Whitford, of Scotland, 
confessed in the Isle of Man to deponent that he killed Dr. 
Dorislaw, showing the dagger used, which he afterwards 
gave to the late Earl of Derby, who had approved the act 
in deponent's hearing, and had given entertainment and 
means to the major, who admitted that he and his assistants' 
had wounded some of the Doctor's people. The assistants 
were not named. Whitford and his family were said by 
some prisoners at Hull to be still in the Island, three months 
since. He is a man of 34, tall, corpulent, full-faced, with 
long brownish black hair, very little curling. 

Sworn before the Council,* Walter Frost [clerk] signed. 
1 p. (III. 619.) 

Statement of RICHARD ALLEY and THOMAS WITTON. 

1651[-2], Jan. 31. A warrant being granted on Nov. 2 for 
the seizing of goods supposed to belong to the " King of 
Scots," they seized in a house a Dutchman who admitted 
that he was bound for Holland, and being boatswain of the 
London Brigg had been left in London by his captain to convey 
a box after the ship to Gravesend where she lay. They asked 
him if he could convey them safely to Holland (being in 
the garb of soldiers) ; "he replied that he had conveyed a 
greater person not long since. They then seized him, but 
were called to the door by Mr Tyton to consider how they 
could best convey the box to Whitehall, and the Dutchman 
escaped out of the window of an upper room. He had said 
that it had been delivered to him by one Major Wright in 
Broad Street, and that he did not know the King of Scots. 

1 p. Two signatures. (III. 623.) 

OLIVER CROMWELL. 

1652, April 14. Certifying that William Guttridge master 
gunner to the train of artillery was slain in the Parliament's 
service in Scotland, and desiring the treasurers at Ely House 
to allow Elizabeth his widow a full pension for the main- 
tenance of herself and children. 

I p. Signed. Seal with the Cromwell arms and crest. 
(III. 902.) 

* The Council ordered Whitford's arrest on the same day. See Cat. S. P 
Dom., 1651-2, p. 11. 



267 

Col. THOMAS HARRISON to [Col. EDW. WHALLEY, &c.]. 

1653, July 27. Rowland Day, the bearer having been his 
trumpet for divers years, has money due to him in right of 
his wife Christian Day, daughter and administratrix of 
Elizabeth Groat, widow and administratrix of Malcombe 
Groat, a servant to the late King. Requests that Day may 
be regarded as a faithful servant to the Commonwealth, 
being left much in debt by the said deceased. Signed. 

Below in another hand. " Mr. Faulkinbridge, the bearer 
hereof, being in the State's service and being commanded 
away upon his duty and his wife in a necessitous condition 
we desire you will pay him." 

1 p. Signed: Edw. Whalley, G. Downing.* Endorsed: 
1653, July 28, Rowland Day's acquittance for 100-?. (III. 647.) 

[1655, April 4?] PLAN REPRESENTING THE BURNING OF 
SHIPS IN HARBOUR, PORTO FARINA [?]. (Ill 762.) 

SOVEREIGNTY OF THE SEA. 

1673-4, January. Two papers by John Evelyn on the 
above subject, the rights of fishing, &c. The contents of the 
first paper are mostly incorporated in Evelyn's tract, 
" Navigation and Commerce" which was suppressed by the 
King, August 12th, 1674 (see Col. S.P. Dora., 1673-5, p. 332), 
but was reprinted in 1859. 

The second paper chiefly consists of instances in which 
other nations have acknowledged the sovereignty of the 
English flag. These cases and many of Evelyn's arguments 
will be found in a volume of documents on the above subjects 
collected by Williamson, probably for use in the negotiations 
at Cologne (Col. S.P. Dom., 1673-5, pp. 85-90). 

Paper No. 1 is headed " A succinct but full deduction of 
his Majesties indubitable Title to the Dominion and Sovereignty 
of the British Seas, and consequently the Fishery and Duties 
appendant thereunto.''' 14 pp., incomplete. 

It is preceded by the following memorandum : " I was 
commanded by his Majestie to draw up this Deduction, to 
have been published a little before the peace made betweene 
us and the Dutch, Febr., 1673-4 ; but having spoken a little 
too warmly (I know not whether truely) concerning the Flagg, 
we durst not exasperate the French in that conjunction of 
affaires, and so it was stopped, just as it was carrying to the 
presse. J.E. First part." 

Paper No. 2 is entitled " A letter written to a Friend con- 
cerning the Interest of his Majestye and the nation in the 
Fishery and Duties, appendant to it, &c." 

It begins "Sir, you were pleased to acquaint me the other 
day of your being lately in company with some gentlemen 

* Col. Whalley was Commissary General, and Downing Scout-Master 
General of the army. Thos. Falconbridge was Receiver-General. 



268 

of quality, members of Parliament and others, who, amongst 
severall things, happn'd to fall into discourse about the 
Fishery of this Nation, and that 'twas whisper'd as if the 
Treaty at Cologne would in all appearance soon come to a com- 
posure if that one Article were fairely or rather tamely yielded 
to them. . . . Since, I heare that 'tis all the talke of the 
Towne, and some it seemes of note, who think a peace were 
very cheaply bought that might be purchased with a few 
Herrings. I am neither statesman nor statesman's sonne, 
but a plaine country gentleman, whose idle moments having 
afforded him so much leasure as now and then to dip into 
books, can onely undertake to tell you that ... all the 
sober persons I can discourse with upon this subject have 
sentiments of it so far different from those who slight it or 
think it not worthy the insisting on. that I should be sorry 
to see the day when so inherent a Right, and such a Flower 
of the Imperial Crowne should be resign'd to any Nation 
under heaven, much more to the Hollander but upon con- 
ditions of equal value, which I question whether they can 
give us without departing from a Jewell which has made 
them what they are, and which would render us what we 
easily might and desire to be : The most flourishing and happy 
People upon Earth." 21 pp. 

The paper has the following upon the title page : 
" Fishery. Mr. Evelyn's second paper concerning the Fishery, 
1673. Drawne up a little before the conclusion of the peace with 
Holland, by the desire of my Lord Arlington, Principal Secretary 
of State. A Copy of this is in the Paper Office at Whitehall." 

(III. 673 and 649.) 

EDWARD BILLINGS to friends and people of all sorts 
whatsoever. 

1673[4], " The first month called March " 22. Debts 
having been run into by him and his late wife, " in the 
presence of the mercy of Lord God " he repents his part of it, 
and hopes that " no reasonable nor tender-hearted man or 
woman will not too far oppress with their tongues him 
that's already overwhelmed in sorrow neither any wise 
charge this my miscarriage upon the principal people of God 
called Quakers, for their principal is holy just and true and 
they are clear of these things." 

J p. (III. 902 D.) 

ROBERT BOYLE'S appointment of gamekeepers. 

1677[-8], Feb. 25. As lord of the manor of Stalbridge, 
Dorset, appoints Robt. Pope of Marnhull, Dorset, and Geo. 
Buck of Stalbridge, gamekeepers of that manor, to do all 
legal acts according to a late Act of Parliament. Signed in 
the presence of Richard Newman. 

1 p. Holograph. (III. 689.) 



JOHN RAY to [his publisher]. 

[16]86, Oct. 27. B[lack] N[otley]. In relation to his work 
[Historia PJantarum] then in the press, and asking that 
any money due on the foot of his account may be sent to 
him from London by Mr. Dale [his co-adjutor in that work]. 

| p. (III. 691.) 

[FRANCIS, BARON] HOLLES to [GEORGE,] MARQUIS OF HALIFAX. 

1688[-9], Feb. 18. Aldenham. Thanks the Marquis for 
being the means of his absence from Westminster on the 
1st inst. being excused. 

\ p. Signed. (III. 693.) 

JOHN FLAMSTEED to the REV. STEEVEN THORNTON, rector of 
Luddesdon, in Kent. 

1702-3, [Thursday*], Feb. 18. The Observatory." When 
you were last here I took occasion to show you some papers 
whereby it was evident that, the Theory of the Variations 
published by Mr. Halley now near 20 years agone, on which 
he pretend[s] to ground his maps of them was the invention 
of Mr. Perkins, whose papers he bought at a small rate, which, 
because I would not disingenuously or dishonestly conceal 
he has made it his business to ridicule me behind my back 
both in the Remains of the R[oyal] S[ociety] and in all com- 
pany where he comes. Living in London, where I am but 
seldom, and frequenting the company of lewd young gentlemen 
he has had an opportunity to repeat his calumnies and spread 
them even into your neighbourhood and to represent me as a 
spiteful, envious person. I saw by your smiles when here 
on several occasions that you were possessed with his 
representations and therefore to undeceive you desired your 
company at Garraways by a letter that has occasioned yours, 
wherewith I am very well satisfied, and hope that hereafter 
when you hear me misrepresented you will do me justice, 
especially amongst our brethren of the clergy, and particularly 
with Mr. Petit, who I hear has made bolder with me than 
became him. I have excused him for it, and am not the 
less a friend of one who I am persuaded has rather erred 
thro' ignorance than malice. 

" I thought you would soon have enough of Dr. Gregory 'sf 
book. Mr. Halley says he is a Churchman too. They are 
confederates, but I believe have no confidence in one another. 
Mr. Halley saw his book before 'twas printed. I was not 
vouchsafed the sight of it ; the reason is plain to you, but I 
fear the letter I wrote to Mr. Gas well, of which I showed you 
a copy, makes you have a less opinion of it than you would 
otherways ; you thought to have found Mr. Newton's principles 
made easier by him, but except you read Mr Newton's 
preliminaries you will not understand Dr. Gregory and when 

* Dies Jovis, expressed by the sign for Jupiter, f Savilian Professor. 



270 

you have got him he misleads you into a perplext theory 
of the D. [ moon] cumbered with menstrual inequalities which Mr. 
Newton justly makes annual, as they are in the Horrocsian 
theory ; to which, by the help of what has been imparted 
to him from the Observatory, he has given some few cor- 
rections and additions which will make it agree better with 
the heavens than my old tables did. If you compare Dr. 
Gregory's Moon with Mr. Newton's* you will find but little 
resemblance though they ought to be the same, as Kepler's 
theory published in the Rudolphins Tables is with that 
derived from him by Mr. Horrox, which much resembles 
the old one of Hipparchus published by Ptolemy, employed 
by Alfonsus* and Copernicus, improved by Tycho and Kepler 
and which is therefore now almost 2,000 years old. 

"You tell me you have taken some propositions on trust 
from the Doctor. I believe you need not suspect his sincerity 
or abilities in anything of Geometry, though his Astronomy 
be poor : he is fitter for the other chair. . . . 

[P.S.] " I am very busy hi fitting up my large catalogue 
of fixed stars. God has blest my labours. I praise Him for it." 

2 pp. Holograph, with postmark ?| on back. (III. 903.) 

[Undated.] Expenses in the FIRST PLANTATION of NEW ENGLAND. 

I 

"For the passage of persons thither.. .. .. 95,000 

For the transportation of neat, horses, sheep, swine, 

goats, besides the price they cost . . . . . . 12,000 

For provision of food before they could bring the 

woods to tillage . . . . . . . . . . 45,000 

For nails, glass and other iron- works before they had 

iron-mills 18,000 

Their great artillery, arms and ammunition.. .. 22.000 

192,000 

" Besides what the adventurers laid out in England. Most 
of those who did cast into this Bank were those who were in 
this transmigration ; and their charges amounted to much 
more than double the above mentioned sums. About 20 
years ago 'twas calculated to above 400, OOO/. 

Many of the military saints at his Ma ties Restoration (flying 
thither richly laden with the plunder of old England) carried 
over great riches ; so as now N. England is become a Bank 
of money, and a magazine of men and arms, and can effectually 
arm and maintain 60,000 stout men well disciplined, and 
resolute, &c. 

" Twas asked, why (being thus strong) they would permit 
the Dutch and French to encroach? 'Twas replied that 
N. Engd. had good trading with N. Amsterdam ; but as soon 
as it became N. York, they must obey custom, &c. When 

* Alphonso X of Leon and Castile, an astronomer. 



271 

all is said to deter us from attempting anything of force upon 
them (which yet were not impossible) if New Engd. finds 
that his Ma tie takes care of their Ministers and will confirm 
them a better subsistence (for which many of them extremely 
begin to complain) you disarm them of their zeal, which is 
their chief Artillery and Ammunition. In sum, N. England 
is to be gained by either policy or force, so the means be 
prudently carried on." 

1 p. Noted as " Written to Mr. Evelyn." (III. 697.) 

[Undated.] " Upon the flying DUTCH." 

Let us extoll the Belgick fleet, how well 
They ours in sailing, not in fight, excell : 
With such bold wings did Daedalus ne'er flye, 
Fear the bold Dutch new plumes provoke to trye : 
A people skild' in creekes, by which they mock 
Th' enraged sea, and scape the cragged rock. 
what brave seamen doe their country breed, 
By none in cowardice excell'd, nor speed. 
| p. (III. 699.) 

CATALOGUE OF LETTERS TAKEN AT WORCESTER. 

(1) 1648, Sept. 7-17. The Hague. The KING OF SCOTS 
to the Lords and COMMITTEE OF STATES OF SCOTLAND. 
Promising to send arms and ammunition notwithstanding 
their misfortune in England, and to come with force to assist 
them. 

j(2) 1648, July 23. Helford[sluys]. The SAME to RICHARD 
FOORD, merchant, Rotterdam. Has heard of his affection 
and desires him to lend him 400Z. to be sent by Dr. Gough, 
who is enjoined to keep it secret. See Nos. 46 and 55 below. 

(3) The SAME to MR. DIGGS, merchant, Rotterdam. The 
same date and to like effect. 

(4) 1648, Sept. 13-23. To same effect as No. I. 1 Sent by 
John Denham. 

(5) 1648, Aug. 5. From [name in cipher] to DUKE OF YORK, 
written mostly in cipher. 

(6) 1648, [Sept. ?].* The Hague. PRINCE CHARLES to the 
KING. Concerning the Cormitant [sic] Frigate, belonging to the 
Guinea Company and the Love, belonging to Tho. Marsham, and 
his application to the City of London to borrow 20,000/., which 
was refused, whereupon they let out their ships for the King's 
service : declaring his permission to the Guinea merchants to 
take their goods out of the Frigate, except victual and ammu- 
nition, for which he had promised satisfaction as also for the 
hire of that ship, but Marshall's [sic] goods was not taken out. 

* The date hidden by binding. The application to the city of London was 
made on July 26, from the fleet. The Prince was not back at The Hague 
until September. 



272 

(7) 1649, Aug. 31. The Hague. JOHN SIMPSON to HUMFRY 
BOSWELL. Concerning transactions of the States of Holland, 
and mentioning Montrose's going from Amsterdam to 
Hamburg, where he hopes to find men enough, the Swedes 
in the garrisons thereabouts being willing to serve the King. 

(8) 1649, 25 May. Kilkenny. The MARQUIS or ORMOND to 
the KING. Declaring thankfulness for his care of his servants 
that struggled for his interest in that kingdom, and his readiness 
to obey his commands about Lady Broghill. His Majesty's 
army [was] brought into the field with much difficulty and 
kept there with greater, till all be reduced in this province 
that was held by Owen O'Neil. O'Neil, Monck and Jones 
in a sort joined, who serve the English rebels. Two places 
of importance within 16 miles of Dublin surrendered to his 
Majesty. Those that kept them come in with 5 full companies. 
See Jersey Papers No. 17, below. 

Letters from Prince Rupert intimating that a fleet of 10 ships 
of the rebels was anchored at Kinsale. Nothing wanting in 
his Majesty's fleet to encounter them but seamen. Rupert 
and Ormond going to Waterford. 

(9) [1648,] Jan. 16. RICHARD HARPER to MR. TIVELL. 
Mentioning the Speaker's preamble to the motion concerning 
the King and of going to him with halters about their neck 
to implore his mercy. 

(10) [1648,] Oct. 10. From 647. 800 to the PRINCE, 
mentioning Sir Peter Killegrew carrying two bills to the House 
about the Church and Militia, and the small differences betwixt 
the King and Parliament. 

(11) 1648, Aug. 26. LUKE WHITTINGTON to ROBT. ^OUNG 
[LONG], secretary to the Prince. Mentioning a request of 
the Governor of Scarborough for two frigates to convey 
provisions to the garrison, and for commissions to fit out men- 
of-war. The Prince to write to Col. Overton, Governor of 
Hull, Col. Bethell, Col. Hagard, Col. Thornton, that he will 
procure an act of indemnity if they would declare for the King. 

(12) 1648, Sept. 13-23. The Hague. PRINCE CHARLES to 
[JOHN, EARL OF LINDSAY] LORD TREASURER or SCOTLAND. 
To encourage him to continue his endeavours notwithstanding 
the late misfortune of the Scotch army in England. 

(13) Same date. The SAME to [ROBERT] EARL OF 
ROXBURGH. To the like effect. 

(14) Same date. The SAME to [WILLIAM] EARL OF 
LANERICK. By Mr. Denham, who is to communicate all things. 

(15) 1649, Jan. 6. A pass to MR. FRANCIS ROGERS from 
Holland to England. 

(16) 1649, Jan. 4. ApasstoMAJORTnos. CooKfrom Holland 
to England. 

(17) 1648, Dec. 22. The Hague. A pass to MAJOR COOK 
to Paris. French. 

[Unnumbered. Undated.] From LADY CARLISLE that she 
had rather serve the Prince than live. 



273 

(18) 1648, July 14. A letter from [JAMES], LORD NEWBEY 
[Newburgh] or LADY AUBIGNY [his wife] to the PRINCE, 
declaring much affection. 

(19) [1648.] July 23 n.s. Ostend. LORD COTTINGTON and 
EDWARD HYDE to PRINCE CHARLES. Declaring their being 
taken, and their uncivil usage by some Ostend men-of-war. 

(20) 1648, July 30. London. RICHARD THORNHILL and 
eight others to PRINCE CHARLES. Concerning the relief of 
Colchester, and promise of an army. 

(21) 1648, July 12. London. -Some KENTISH GENTLEMEN 
to PRINCE CHARLES. Declaring their preparing of horse and 
money, desiring him to name Commissioners till the arrival 
of the Earl of Norwich, appointed Commander-in-Chief. 

(22) [No year.] July 8. From LADY AUBIGNY to PRINCE 
CHARLES. 

(23) [Undated.] From JAMES BOLLENS to SECRETARY LONG 
for an order from his Majesty for himself and such vessels as 
he should at any time bring out of England. 

(24) [1648,] July 12. LADY CARLISLE to PRINCE CHARLES. 
Desiring a favourable reception of the Lord of Scarborough :* 
the company neglect their own business to serve his Highness 
in the affair of Colchester, though with sad success. 

(25) [Undated.] Petition of THOMAS SKINNER, Secretary to 
the Fellowship of Merchant Adventurers of England, touching 
some ships detained by the Prince. 

(26) 1648, Aug. 9. From MR. POLEY and MR. Lo to the 
PRINCE'S COMMANDER AT SEA. Mentioning the Prince's letters 
to the Lords of the Parliament, hinting what Lords they are 
who are the Prince's friends. 

"(27) 1648, Sept. 7. Contract between PRINCE CHARLES and 
CAPT. ROBERT DARE, of Lyme. Concerning the hire of the 
Constant Warwick of London. 

(28) 1648, Sept. 3. Scilly. JOHN NOY and JOHN ARTHUR 
to PRINCE CHARLES. Declaring their securing of the Castle 
of St. Mary and the Isles with the persons of Col. Anthony 
Buller and Capt. Augustine Nicoll. 

(29) 1648, Aug. 22. London. PIERCE BULLER to COL. 
ANTHO. BULLER, Governor of Scilly. Advising him that care 
was taken to supply him with money. 

(30) 1648, Sept. 14. MATTHEW BOYNTON, Governor of 
Scarborough, to PRINCE CHARLES. Declaring the loss of the 
town and his resolution to keep the Castle. 

(31) [Undated.] A particular of Sir W. Boswell's loan of 
1,000 guilders. 

(32) [Undated.] The DUKE OF LORRAINE'S letters in French. 

(33) [Undated.] A copy of the States General's order con- 
cerning the English revolted ships. 

(34) [Undated.] Petition of HENRY ROBINSON to PRINCE 
CHARLES . He had brought to the Prince a vessel called the Smack. 

*A copyist's error for Peterborough. See Jersey papers, p. 295 below. 

18 



274 

(35) See p. 204 above. 

(36) 1648, Sept. 19-29. The Constant Reformation. SIR W. 
BATTEN to PRINCE CHARLES. Lord Warwick with his fleet was 
within two miles of them. The Prince's presence desired, and 
some money to be given to the men for their encouragement. 

(37) 1648, Aug. 27. Scilly. OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS of 
Scilly to PRINCE CHARLES. On Aug. 6 they secured the Castle 
of St. Mary's with the persons of Col. Anthony Buller and 
Capt. Augustine Nicoll gentlemen of honour and gallantry 
and well meriting their command but tainted with a [blank] 
from the wrong spring. George Tawbin and Alexander Cousens 
are employed to represent their present condition to the Prince. 

(38) A copy of the same to the DUKE OF YORK. 

(39) 1648, June 2. London. [ROBERT] EARL OF WARWICK 
to COL. [ANTHONY] BULLER. Ordering him to secure the 
revolted ships if they come under his command. 

(40) 1648, Aug. 6. Copy of a letter to COL. BULLER. 
Warning him against being surprised by those under him at 
Scilly. 

(41) 1648, Sept. 13. The GOVERNOR OF SCARBOROUGH 
[MATTHEW BOYNTON] to CAPT. WHITTINGTON. Instructing him 
to procure men and necessaries for that garrison. 

(42) 1647, June 29. A copy of COLONEL BULLER'S 
Commission to be Governor of Scilly. 

(43) [Undated.] SIR JOHN WIMES' [Wemys] instructions to 
procure ships for the King's service. 

(44) 1648, Sept. 14. Castle Cornet [Guernsey]. SIR BALDWIN 
WAKE to PRINCE CHARLES. Mentioning Sir George Carteret's 
design to surprise Guernsey. 

(45) 1648, Nov. 28. The MARQUIS OF ORMOND to SECRETARY 
LONG desiring a return of some letters formerly sent to the 
Prince. 

(46) 1648, Sept. 18-28. Rotterdam. RICHARD FOORD to 
SECRETARY LONG. Mentioning two bags [of gold] and dust 
that weighed just 10/6. : having proffered so much to his 
Highness 's service he will make it good to give as much as 
any man, and if he get not by it, it shall content him to have 
served so royal a master. See No. 2 above. 

(47) 1648, Sept. 19-29. On board the Admiral. ANTHONY 
HAMMOND to PRINCE CHARLES. Mentioning a letter sent him 
from the Earl of Warwick by a trumpet, to whom no answer 
was made, first to gain time, they planting ordnance on shore, 
and second to know his Highness' pleasure. 

(48) [1648, July.] A petition from CAPT. WALTER 
BRAEMES to PRINCE CHARLES. He went with Col. 
Apsley for the relief of Walmer and was driven into Deal 
Castle, where he endeavoured to raise a troop of horse, and 
going on board with his men went to Calais on hearing of the 
levies of Prince Rupert. 

(49) 1648, Sept. 20-30. From a CONCEALED PERSON to 
the EARL OF LANARK. To encourage him with promised 



275 

assistance. Declaring the kingdom's loss in the person of 
his brother [Duke Hamilton], and army under his command. 

(50) 1648, July 19. Appleby. SIR MARMADUKE LANGDALE 
to PRINCE CHARLES. Hoping that he has heard of his making 
way for the Scots, who are now coming 15,000. The want of 
arms and money deadens the hearts of those with him, and 
renders them apprehensive of being neglected. 

(51) Undated [1648]. [JOHN] EARL OF LAUDERDALE to 
PRINCE CHARLES. Mentioning the routing of the Earl of 
Argile in Starling. 

(52) [1648,] Oct. 1. Helfordsluys. CHARLES [LORD] 
GERRARD to PRINCE CHARLES. Intimating some passages 
about the fleet. 

(53) 1648, Sept. 20-30. The Hague. SIR W. BOSWELL to 
SECRETARY LONG. Declaring the intention of the States of 
Holland to send to their Admiralties of Middleburg, Amsterdam, 
Rotterdam and Horn for such men-of-war as they could suddenly 
provide into Goree. 

(55) 1648, Oct. 1. Rotterdam. RICHARD POORD to 
SECRETARY LONG. Has sent him 8,337 guilders. See No. 2 
above. 

(56) 1648, Oct. 8. Jersey. SIR GEORGE CARTERET to 
PRINCE CHARLES. Declaring his preparation for surprising 
Guernsey. 

(57) 1648, Oct. 8. St. Malo. SIR PETER OSBURNE to 
PRINCE CHARLES. Inviting him to attempt the surprise of 
Guernsey. 

(58) 1648. Rotterdam. JOHN ROWLA[N]D, Rector of Cray, 
Kent, to LORD HOPTON. Setting forth the esteem he was 
in, about 20 years ago, with great and wise men. 

(59) 1648. Rotterdam. A letter from the same hand to 
PRINCE CHARLES. 

(60) 1648, Oct. 20. Amsterdam. JOHN WEBSTER to 
SECRETARY LONG. Referring to the composition for goods 
at Goree. Abraham Ferrara will contribute for 14J chests of 
sugar. 

(61) 1648, Oct. 15. Brill. A pass from the PRINCE 
for the shallop Charles of Dover, Stephen Rogers and Edw. 
Jallett, partners, from Dover to France. See p. 228 above. 

(62) Same date. A pass for the Sark of London, Thos. 
Treem, master, to pass from London or Weymouth to St. Malo 
or Morlaix. 

(63) 1648[-9], March 2-12. St. Germain's. G[EORGE] LORD 
DIGBY to CHARLES II. Condoling the death of his father, 
and promising service. 

(64) 1649[-50], Feb. 6. Instructions to the SCOTS COM- 
MISSIONERS then in London. 

(65) 1648, Sept. 28. Newhaven. [ JAMES] MARQUIS or 
ORMOND to PRINCE CHARLES. Intimating his desire to come 
to advance the king's service and that his stay was only to 
get the remainder of his money from the Parliament : advises 



276 

the Prince to keep a correspondency with Inchiquin and to 
encourage him, by which means he hopes to balance the 
king's losses in England. 

(66) 1648-9, Jan. 22. Kilkenny. [JAMES] MARQUIS OF 
ORMOND to PRINCE CHARLES by Lord Byron. Commending 
the constancy of the Lord President of Munster [Inchiquin] 
and the loyalty of the Assembly there. 

(67) 1648, Nov. 2. The Hague. Pass for CAPTAIN BAXTER 
from Rotterdam to London and back. 

(68) [Undated.] A paper wherein it is mentioned that the 
Prince of Orange would, out of every company, furnish the 
King with ten good men. 

(69) Keys of ciphers and letters. 

(70) 1648, July 19. Commission for [GEORGE] DUKE OF 
BUCKINGHAM to be General of Horse in several counties. 

(71) [Undated.] A triplicate in cipher from MR. HANSIIAW. 

(72) 1648, Oct. 1. DR. GOUGH'S instructions, going to the 
Duke of Lorraine. 

(73) 1648, April 25. Copy of a commission from PRINCE 
CHARLES to raise 1,000 horse for his Majesty's service and for 
Mr. [blank] to be Governor of the Castle [blank] in South 
Wales. 

(74) 1648, April 4. Hague. Pass for WM. RUMBALL, JOHN 
GERRARD and EDW. BERKELEY to France. 

(75) [1648, summer.] Petition of some soldiers sent to 
Sandown Castle with commission from SIR J. BOYS, desiring 
to have their old commander, Capt. Clark, restored to them, 
or to be under the Governor, and to be supplied with clothes 
and other provisions out of the said castle. 

(76) [1648, November.] PRINCE CHARLES to [the MARQUIS 
OF ORMOND ?] in Ireland against Sir Ro. Welsh on behalf of 
Lord Culpepper whom Welsh had scandalized notoriously, for 
which he was to be imprisoned if found in the kingdom. 
See p. 237 above. 

(77) 1648-9, March 16. Castle Cornett. SIR BALDWIN 
WAKE to CHARLES II. Has proclaimed his Majesty in the 
hearing of the town. They still proceed in their villainy. 
His bark and some provisions were lost. See Jersey papers 
No. 68, below. 

(78) [1649.] CAPTAIN ISAAC CORNELIUS. Desiring continu- 
ance of his commissions from the new king. 

(79) 1649, March 31. Scilly. SIR JOHN GRENVILLE to 
[JOHN] LORD CULPEPPER. Has tried Captain Diamond by a 
Council of War for misdemeanour and disobedience : is 
banishing him from the island, and disposed of his frigate to 
another. 

(80) Undated. JOHN CORNELIUS to SECRETARY LONG. 
Concerning a prize of 300 t[ons] that lately brought in herself, 
laden with cotton wool, raw silk and [hopes] good store money ; 
hath been out 5 years . . a Dutch vessel . . . with- 
out charter-party or other papers, " it shall scape him hard 



277 

let her prove Jew or Gentile but he will gett a paire of silk 
stockens and a wast coat for Mr. Secretary." 

(81) [Undated.] PATRICK LINDSY [sic], SON OF JOHN 
LINDSAY or BALFOUR to KING CHARLES II. Having killed a 
soldier of General Lesley's who had abused him, his father 
and his sister, desires pardon. 

(82) [Undated.] JOHN KINGSTON to KING CHARLES. On 
behalf of his father George Kingston, who served under Sir 
Edmund Fortescue till Charles Fort at Salcombe was 
surrendered, desires protection for his father's barque the 
Maidenhead of Salcombe to carry slate and horn to the value 
of 40. or 50. to any port in Holland. 

(83) 1649, April 27. London. The LORD OF MUSSELBURH 
to SECRETARY LONG. A vessel of his coming from the West 
Indies having been taken by an Irish man-of-war, he craves 
his Majesty's protection for another ship. 

(84) [1649,] May 26. HENRY, LORD PERCY, to SECRETARY 
LONG. Has not stirred out of doors since the second day of 
his arrival [at Paris], but will not be idle in what he has in 
charge nor slow in his return to wait upon the King : he 
converses with none but doctors and apothecaries till he be 
able to meddle with other subjects. 

(85) 1649, April 9-19. Kinsale. COLONEL LEG[GE] to 
SECRETARY LONG. Arrived yesterday and found Prince 
Rupert ready to despatch some ships with men and provisions 
for Scilly : his Majesty will have an express this day despatched 
for Holland with bills of exchange for a considerable sum ; 
his Majesty's presence there would make him master of that 
kingdom. Ormond will be at Cork that night. See Jersey 
papers No. 30 below. 

(86) [Undated.] A speech made by the RECORDER OF 
LIMERICK to the Lord Lieutenant on his entry to that city. 

(87) 1648[-9], Feb. 21. Some in the PROVINCE OF ULSTER 
to KING CHARLES II. Their disconsolate condition occasioned 
by the parricide committed upon his father is comforted by his 
presence [see next entry]. 

(88) 1648[-9], Feb. 26. From SOME IN INNISKILLEN to 
KING CHARLES II. They to whom they were formerly prisoners 
are now their captives. Their hopes were eclipsed by a horrid 
fact, but now revived by the report of the King's arrival in 
Ireland. 

(89) 1649, April 6. Kinsale. A letter of intelligence from 
MR. HANSHAW. 

(90) [1649, August?] Petition from MRS. MARGERY 
MARRIS [Morris] to the KING on behalf of her husband, Col. Jo. 
Marris, late Governor of Pontefract Castle, now close prisoner.* 

(91) 1648, July 31. Petition of STEPHEN EVANS, with the 
Prince's bill to him for payment of 126/. 11s. Id. for ordnance 
and necessaries delivered out of the Arthur of Plymouth. 

* Col. Morris escaped after the surrender of Pontefract Castle in March, 
1640, but was afterwards captured, and was executed at the end of August. 



278 

(92) [1649, May?] The MARQUIS OF MONTROSE to 
SECRETARY LONG. Captain Swan is to go to the Emperor as 
well as to Saxony ; the despatches are to be drawn up 
accordingly. See p. 258 above. 

(94) [Undated.] HENRY, LORD JERMYN to SECRETARY 
LONG. Two gentlemen in England will lend the Prince money ; 
he desires blank bills or letters with the Prince's seal for this. 

(95) [1648,] Sept. 26. The same to the same. Desiring that 
satisfaction may be made to Dr. Gough for money disbursed 
for the Prince. 

(96) 1649, March 24. The EARL OF LOUDOTJN to the KING 
See p. 252 above. 

(97) [1649?] [Sir] ANDREW LOGAN* to the KING. Desires 
commission to take ships and goods of rebellious subjects 
south of the equator. If discovered the design destroys him, 
who is a great adventurer in the East India Company. 

(98) MR. MORTON'S desires for Scilly for commissions, &c. 

(99) [Undated.] List of commissions desired by SIR JOHN 
GRENVILLE, " whereof one for Major Grove, dated about 
Feb., 1648, signed Charles, Prince, warranting him for what he 
attempted in Cornwall, as if it had been undertaken by his 
Majesty's order." 

(100) 1648[-9,] Feb. 23. [Scilly]. SIR JOHN GRENVILLE 
to SECRETARY LONG. Desires audience for Mr. Morton who 
will relate his condition to the King. 

(101) 1644[-5], Jan. 8. Oxford. KING CHARLES I to 
CHARLES, PRINCE OF WALES. Empowering him to sign letters, 
&c., which are to be attested by Richard Fanshaw, Clerk to the 
Council attending the Prince. 

(102) [1646,] March 1. Pendennis. CHARLES, PRINCE OF 
WALES to SECRETARY LONG. A pass to go beyond the seas. 
Dated 1st March, 21 Car. 

(103) 1644[-5], Jan. 10. Oxford. Pass from the KING to 
ROBERT LONG, Esquire, receiver of revenues in counties 
Gloucester, Wilts, Southampton, Somerset, Dorset, &c. See 
p. 203 above. 

(104) [Undated.] List of Commissions granted by Prince 
Charles in France. 

(105) 1645, June 23. Barnstaple. Agreement between the 
Commissioners of the Prince's revenues of the Duchy of 
Cornwall and Peter St. Hill and Geo. Potter, of Exeter, 
merchants, about the tin business in Devon and Cornwall. 

(106) 1648, July 19. LORD HOLLAND'S commission from the 
Prince. 

(107) 1648, July 2. Three letters from the Prince to the 
GOVERNORS OF WAYMOR [Walmer], SANDOWN AND DEAL 
CASTLES, to defend the same. 

* Is said to have joined in Goring's Kentish insurrection in 1648, and then 
to have gone beyond seas to the enemies of Parliament. His name was 
included in the 3*d Act of Sale. See Gal. Committee for Compounding, 
p. 2378. 



279 

(108) 1648, July 16. CHARLES, PRINCE OF WALES to EDWARD 
CARTERET. Instruction to go to Dunkirk to get frigates and 
ammunition. 

(109) 1648, July 18. Commission to the DUKE OP 
BUCKINGHAM to raise forces. 

(110) 1648, March 28. CHARLES, PRINCE OF WALES to 
TOM BLAGUE. Having been informed by him of gentlemen 
in Suffolk and Norfolk loyal to the King, thanks and encourages 
them. Original was in cipher. Copy. 

(111) 1648, July 17. The SAME to [FRANCIS] BARON 
WILLOUGHBY OF PARHAM. About the relief of Walmer. 
Another to the officers of the fleet. 

(112) 1648, July 30. The SAME to MR. BOSWELL. About 
carrying letters to Lord Willoughby at Calais, and "for his 
demeanour when he comes to London, and above all things 
not to make the Prince's name cheap." To return unused 
blanks. Copy. See p. 211 above. 

(114) 1648, July 30. St. Germain's. Authority from the 
SAME to the Kentish gentlemen to command the fleet in Lord 
Willoughby's absence. 

(115) 1648, June 8. The SAME to [JACOB] LORD ASTLEY by 
Col. Rogers "wherein a design is mentioned, and that the Prince 
is extremely sensible of the kindness of some gentlemen.' 1 
Desires that Col. Rogers may have a commission. Copy. 

(116) 1648, July 23. Three letters from the SAME to 
LORD ASTLEY, [WILLIAM] MARQUIS OF HERTFORD and SIR 
MARMADUKE LANGDALE. 

(117) 1648, April 23. Instructions from the SAME to Col. 
MORGAN and to Capt. MORGAN, concerning their message to Col. 
Powell and Col. Poyer in South Wales. 

(118) 1648, May 13. Commissions from the SAME to LORD 
ASTLEY for Norfolk and COLONEL BLAGUE for Suffolk. Copy. 

(119) 1648, March 17. The SAME to SIR ISAAC ARSTON, 
Bart, [sic ? Astley]. Has heard of his affection from Thomas 
Killigrew. Copy. 

(120) 1647, March 5. The SAME to the MARQUIS OF 
MONTROSE. See p. 207 above. 

(121) 1648, March 26. The SAME to the MARQUIS OF 
HERTFORD. Expressing thanks for kindness. Copy. 

(122) 1648, July 18. The SAME to the OFFICERS AND CREW 
of H.M.S. the Constant Warwick. Thanking them for bringing 
the ship into the King's obedience. Copy. 

(123) 1648, July 28. Helvoetsluys. The SAME to THOMAS 
HARFLUETT [HARFLEET] and DR. [STEPHEN] GOUGH. Authori- 
sing them to treat with merchants for terms. Copy. 

(124) [1648,] July. 20. Calais. The SAME to LORD 
TREASURER COTTINGTON. Regrets that he is compelled to 
leave the place before he and the Council arrive, and cannot 
give them a ship for their journey to Helvoetsluys. Copy. 

(125) 1648, May 23. The SAME to the MARQUIS OF 
HERTFORD. Denham will relate proceedings in England 



280 

Desires the Marquis' advice, and [to know] where he desires 
to place himself. 

(126) 1648, July 17. Commissions to CAPT. ROBT. STANTON 
to command the [blank] of Dover and to CAPTAIN THOMAS 
BROWNE for the Loyal Susan, of Milton in Kent. 

(127) CAPTAIN ROBERT STA[N]TON'S instructions. See p. 215 
above. 

(128) 1648, July 17. Calais. COLONEL JAMES APSLEY to 
command in chief all the ships sent for the relief of Walmer 
Castle. CAPT. WALTER BREAMES to be captain of a troop of 
horse. This not sealed then nor three months after. Copy. 

(129) COLONEL APSLEY'S commission and instructions. See 
p. 214 above. 

(130) 1648, July 22. Helvoetsluys. The PRINCE to CAPT. 
ALEXANDER KEYNES. Commission to command 80 men levied 
there and put on board the Thomas with power to raise 20 more. 

(131) [No year.] May 1. St. Germain's. Copy of a com- 
mission to SIR ANTHO. ARCHER and MR. ARNOLD BREAMS to 
raise forces. 

(132) 1648, July. The PRINCE to the SAME. That what they 
do by virtue of their commission shall not be prejudicial to them. 

(133) 1648, Feb. 8. The SAME to LORD STRATTON [? Hatton]. 
Declaring affection. Copy. 

(134) 1648, Feb. 19. The SAME to WILLIAM, PRINCE OF 
ORANGE. On behalf of Mr. O'Neal then in Holland ; who had 
near relation to his Father, and carried himself well in the 
late troubles. Copy. 

(135) 1648, March 18. The SAME to the SAME. On behalf 
of Mr. Barkeley. Copy. 

(136) 1648, Feb. 29. The PRINCE'S order about Captain 
King's vessel taken by Captain Johnson. 

(137) 1648, April 10. The SAME to SIR THOMAS WARNER, 
Governor of St. Christopher. For Mr. Devereux to be Governor 
of Monserat. Copy. 

(138) 1648, May 19. The SAME to THEOBALD, VISCOUNT 
TAAFF and GENERAL PRESTON. In answer to their joint letter ; 
declaring his sense of their affection to his Majesty's service, 
and to his person. Copy. 

(139) [1648, May?] The SAME to [FRANCIS] LORD WIL- 
LOTJGHBY OF PARHAM. Mentioning commissions, &c., sent 
him for sea and land, and encouraging him to proceed. 

(140) 1648, May 11. The SAME to DOCTOR [STEPHEN] 
GOTJGH. A commission to negotiate the King's affairs in 
Brussels, Antwerp and Holland, and particularly with the 
Prince of Orange. 

(141) 1648, May 31. The SAME to LORD JERMYN. A 
commission " for the Admiralty." 

(142) 1648, June 26. Paris. The SAME to SIR MARMADUKE 
LANGDALE, Colonel-General of the North. On behalf of Major 
Mortimer, Capt. Alexander Davison, Capt. Jas. Rosse, Capt, 
Wm. Gordon and Lieut. Wm. Gordon. Copy, 



281 

(143) 1648, June 29. The SAME to the EARL OF 
NORWICH. Recommending Col. Heurtefr] for a command. 
Copy. 

(144) [1648, April.] COLONEL RICE POWELL to CHARLES, 
PRINCE OF WALES. Desiring him to own them for his army 
and to be their general. 

(145) The SAME to CAPTAIN MAGAN [Morgan] about 
the same design. See p. 245 above. 

(146) 1648, July 7 and 8. THE PRINCE to LORD JERMYN. 
Commissions to be Lieut. -General of the Channel Islands. 

(147) 1648, July 7. St. Germain's. A commission from 
the Prince to be Captain General of his Highness's horse 
and foot. 

(148) 1648, June 28. Instructions for CAPT. ALLEN. See 
p. 211 above. 

(149) 1648, June 9. The PRINCE to SIR MARMADUKE 
LANGDALE. On behalf of Col. Foster for employment under 
him. 

(150) 1648, June 6. Instructions to CAPT. RICHARD 
GREENE. See p. 209 above. 

(151) 1648, June 6. Commission to the SAME to command 
a ship to transport arms from France to Wales. 

(152) 1648, June 6. The PRINCE to FRANCIS BACON, one 
of the Justices of the King's Bench. On behalf of Sir JOHN 
Stowell to be tried before him for things acted in the war ; 
to shew him favour. Copy. 

(153) [Undated.] The SAME to FRANCIS, LORD WILLOUGHBY 
OF J PARHAM. Commission to be Lieut. -Gen. of Lincoln, 
Nottingham, Cambridge and Rutland. Copy. 

(154) 1648, June 4. Instructions to COL. Fox. See 
p. 208 above. 

(155) 1648, June 6. A letter of credit from the PRINCE 
for JAMES MARCHAIES [sic], merchant of Paris, giving assurance 
that all such as are willing to intrust money or merchan- 
dise for the provision of arms may safely proceed with 
him. 

(156) 1648, June 24. The SAME to SIR HY. PALMER, 
KNT., ANTHONY HAMON [Hammond] and ROB. BARGRAVE. 
To bring the fleet to St. John's road. Copy. 

(157) 1648, June 27. The SAME to the SAME. About the 
fleet. Copy. 

(158) 1648, June 1. QUEEN [HENRIETTA MARIA] to SEVERAL 
LORDS. About the Prince's remove to some part of the 
King's dominions. Copy. See p. 208 above. 

(159) 1648, July 9. St. Germain's. The PRINCE to [JAMES] 
MARQUIS OF ORMOND. On behalf of Don O'Neale. 

(160) 1648, Feb. 1. A commission from the SAME to be 
Colonel General of the North of England. 

(161) [Undated.] The SAME to MR. LOE. To pay 100Z. to 
Mr. Boswell. Copy. 



282 

(162) 1648, July 8. Calais. The SAME to COL. LUNSFORD. 
To be General of Sussex. See p. 202 above. 

(163) 1648, July 28. The SAME to THOS. HARFLETT. To 
retain, out of money received for the Prince's use, so much as 
was due to him for provisions. Copy. 

(164) [Same date.] Helvoetsluys. The SAME to [FRANCIS,] 
LORD COTTINGTON. Referring to their misfortune in their 
passage to him, he has written to the King's Resident in 
Flanders to go to the Archduke for reparation for the frigate 
and arms and for their valuables. 

(165) 1648, July 29. The SAME to DOCTOR [STEPHEN] 
GOTJGH. About 1,500 men to be transported to the Downs. 

(166) Same date. Helvoetsluys. The SAME to [GEORGE] 
LORD GORING. Acquainting that the rendezvous of their 
men was at the Downs. 

(167) 1648, July 28. The SAME to [SiR HENRY] DE Vic, 
Resident at Brussels. The letter referred to in (164). Copy. 

(168) [1648, Aug.] The same to [JAMES] DUKE OF 
HAMILTON. See p. 225 above. 

(169, 170) 1648, April 23. The SAME to Col. POWELL and 
Col. POYER. Commissions and answers to their proposals. 
See (144) and pp. 208 and 279 above. Copies. 

(171) [1648.] Commission for LAHARNE [Col. Rowland 
Laugharne] to be general in South Wales. Copy. 

(172) Duplicate of (169). 

(173) [No year.] April 8. Antwerp. From DR. GOUGH to 
SECRETARY LONG. 

(174) 1648, July 17. Calais. The PRINCE to the Castles 
of Deal and Sandown. Two letters. Copies. 

(175) 1649[-50.] March 23 and 30. MERCURIUS PRAGMA- 
TICTJS to KING CHARLES. Two letters. See Jersey papers No. 76 
below. 

(176, 177) 1648, Aug. 15 and 18. Commissions to MR. 
LOVING and DR. [RICHARD] HART to be Register and Judge 
[respectively] of the High Court of Admiralty. Copies. See 
p. 222 above. 

(178) [Undated.] Copy of a letter to the fleet. 

(179) 1648, Aug. 7. Pass for the Rose of London from the 
Downs to London with passengers. 

(180) [Undated.] A letter to HuU. 

(181) 1648, June 21. Commission to WM. GREENWOOD, 
THOS. MEDOWES, ISRAEL INGRAM, THOS. JOHNSON, WALTER 
BTTLLARD and GEO. TILLIARD to keep Yarmouth for the King. 

(182) 1648, Aug. 11. Commission for [WILLIAM] EARL 
[sic] OF HERTFORD to be general of several counties. 

(183) 1648, Aug. 14. To SIR JOHN BERKELEY and DR. 
GOUGH. Concerning the monthly 1,000/. for the Duke of 
York to be had from the English merchants at Rotterdam. 
Copy. 

(184) [Undated.] MR. BERKELEY'S order to treat with 
Londoners and others for a loan for the King's service. 



283 

(185) 1648, Aug. 14. Commission to [HENRY] LORD 
WILMOT, to be Lieut.-General under the Marquis of Newcastle. 
Copy. 

(186) 1648, Aug. 16. The PRINCE to [JOHN] LORD BYRON. 
Mentioning the Prince's intent of going to Scotland. Copy. 

(187) [Undated.] Instructions for HENRY LORD PERCY 
to the Prince of Orange. 

(188) 1648, Aug. 19. Commission for PRINCE RUPERT 
and the DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. Copy. 

(189) 1648, Aug. 18. Order about moneys to be received 
of English merchants. 

(190) 1648, Aug. 21. From the PRINCE to the EARL OF 
NORWICH, about prisoners. Copy. 

(191) 1648, Aug. 20. From the SAME to the GOVERNOR 
OF SCARBOROUGH CASTLE. Copy. 

(192) 1648, Aug. 23. A letter sent by SIR BALDWIN WAKE, 
concerning the inhabitants of GUERNSEY. 

(193) 1648, Aug. A commission to COL. HAMON 
[Hammond], &c. 

(194) 1648, Oct. 23. From SIR EDW. FOORD concerning 
Portsmouth and Southampton. 

(195) 1648, Aug. 24. Instructions for FRANCIS LORD 

WlLLOUGHBY. 

(196) 1648, Aug. 25. Order for the GOVERNOR OF 
SCARBOROUGH to receive 5001. of the master of the James 
of London before the barque of Rye be discharged. 

(197) 1648, Sept. 3. A commission to FRANCIS LORD 
WILLOUGHBY OF PARHAM and other officers of the fleet for 
the victualling thereof. 

(198) 1648, Sept. 3. THE PRINCE to SIR W. BATTEN 
about several bags of gold dust. 

(199) 1648, Sept. 5. A letter to FRANCIS LORD COTTINGTON. 

(200) 1648, Sept. 6. Copy of a letter to FRANCIS LORD 
WILLOUGHBY OF PARHAM concerning the Fleet. 

(201) [Undated.] Copy of a commission from the DUKE OF 
YORK to the SAME. 

(202) 1648, Sept. Instruction to JOHN DENHAM, Esq., in 
his ambassage to Scotland. See p. 226 above. 

(203) [1648?] Nov. 13. MR. MORTON'S propositions about 
sending ships into the straits. 

(204) 1649, Aug. 17. A commission to MR. BOLLEN from the 
Scots' King for sea service. See Jersey papers No. 38 below. 

(205) [Undated.] A memorial from SIR WM. BOSWELL with 
the signification of some figures. 

(206) 1649, July. Warrant for sale of the Antelope for 
8,000 guilders or more. 

(207) 1649, Sept. 19. Report from SIR W. DAVENETT 
[Davenant] about arms delivered to Scarborough Castle. See 
Jersey papers No. 42 below. 

(208) [1649 ?] CAPT. JOHN SMITH'S petition to the 
" Scotts King " declaring that he was " one of the chief 



284 

adherents and assistants in the happily begun but unfortunate 
lost business of Capt. Burleigh in the Isle of Wight."* 

(209) 1649. Sept. A copy of a patent granted by the 
King of Scots to SIB JOHN BERKELY and SIR WILLM. 
DAVENETT [Davenant] for the office of Treasurer in Virginia. 

(210) 1649, Aug. 20. MR. COCKERAN'S letters from 
Hamburg to SECRETARY LONG. 

(211) 1649, July 14. A letter of intelligence from MR. 
PARRAMORE from Galloway in Scotland. 

(212) 1649, Aug. 13. The same out of Ireland from 
W. TYLOR [Ds LA FONTAGNE] to Monsr. CROCKER [COVENTRY] 
in Paris. 

(213) 1649,' Aug. 11. The same out of Dunkirk from 
MR. WHITTINGTON. 

(214) 1649, June 27. Warrant to PRINCE RUPERT to wear 
the standard in the main top of the Admiral. 

(215) 1649, Jan. 22. Instructions to SIR E. H[YDE] 
to go to London. See No. 277 below. 

(216) 1649, Jan. 21. The copy of the PRINCE'S letter to 
LORD INCHIQUIN. 

(217) [The same date.] The like to the MARQUIS OF 
ORMOND. 

(218) 1649, Jan. 9. The like to the MARQUIS OF ARGILE 
of thanks for his resolution to preserve monarchy in the person 
of the King, &c., with another to the same effect to the LORD 
CHANCELLOR OF SCOTLAND. See p. 243 above. 

(219) 1649, Dec. 17. The like to the LORDS ORMOND and 
INCHIQUIN. 

(220) 1648, Jan. 17. The like to SIR MARMADUKE LANGDALE 
praising him for his " carriage " notwithstanding the late 
misfortunes of the army. 

(221) 1649, Jan. 2. The like to the LORD LANERICKE, 
referring him to Lord Lotherdale for the relation of his 
condition and intentions. 

(222) 1648-9, Jan. 18. The like to LADY CARLISLE express- 
ing thanks for her affection. No. 5 of the Jersey papers. 

(223) 1648, Dec. 22. SIR JNO. COCHERANE'S despatch from 
Denmark. 

(224) 1648, Dec. 14. Instructions to CAPTAIN APSLEY. 
See p. 241 above. 

(225) 1648, Dec. 23. The PRINCE to [JOHN HARRIS] 
WARDEN OF WINCHESTER COLLEGE. On behalf of Mr. 
Hall's son for a scholar's place there. Copy. 

(226) 1648, Dec. 23. The SAME to the EARL OF LOUDOUN 
and the Council of Scotland, and another to the ministers. 
To endeavour to unite the hearts of the people as one man to 
redeem and rescue their Sovereign. Copy. 

(227) 1648, Dec. 14. The Prince's promise to MR. BUNCKS 
and MR. DAY for payment of 2,300/. for the proprietors of the 
sugar laden in the Elizabeth and Susan. Copy. 

* i.e., his attempted rescue of the King, in December, 1647. 



285 

(228) 1648, Dec. 13. Warrant to SIR JOHN GRENVILLE for 
the making of a new seal for the Judge of the High Court of 
Admiralty. 

(229) 1648, Dec. 13. Copies of two letters to the MARQUIS 
OF ORMOND and LORD INCHIQUIN. 

(230) [The same date.] Copy of the PRINCE'S letters to 
SIR H. DE Vic, agent for the King at the Court of Brussels. 

(231) 1648, Dec. 13. Copies of two letters to MARQUIS 
OF ORMOND and LORD INCHIQUIN, that Sir John Grenvile Kt. 
was made Governor of Scilly. 

(232) 1649, Dec. 12. The PRINCE to SIR G. CARTERET. 
To assist Sir J. Grenville with 100 pistoles in his journey for 
Scilly 

(233) 1648, Dec. 10. Order for CAPT. COWELL, CAPT. 
GOLDING and CAPT. STANTON to appear before the Prince at 
the Hague. 

(234) 1648, Dec. 10. [Certificate ?] WILLIAM LAWSON of 
Scarborough, master of the Isabel, carried the Prince's com- 
mission from Yarmouth to the Governor of Scarborough to 
declare for the King. 

(235) 1648. The Hague. The PRINCE'S promise to repay 
500Z. lent him by ROWLAND WILSON and JOHN WOOD of the 
Guinea Company. 

(236) 1648, Dec. 1. The PRINCE'S warrant to PRINCE 
RUPERT to sell or pawn the ship Antelope to pay off the 
mariners. 

(237) 1648, Dec. 1. The PRINCE to SIR H. DE Vic. To 
assist Col. Herter in his addresses to the Duke of Lorraine, 
considering it may be of great concernment to the service. 
Copy. 

(238) 1648, Nov. 29. Protection for the ship the Proprietor's 
Servant bound from the Caribe Islands, if she put in to Scilly. 

(239) 1648, Nov. 28. Passes for SIR W. BATTEN and CAPT. 
JOURDAN from Holland to England. See p. 235 above. 

(240) 1648, Nov. 26. Instructions for DR. GOUGH to the 
Duke of Lorraine. 

(241) [1648, Nov. or Dec.] Agreement with MARTINE DE 
RUZE (sic). See p. 239 above. 

(242) 1648, Nov. 28. The PRINCE'S promise to repay 
1,500L furnished by JOSHUA FOOT, ROBERT HARDING and 
THOS. BELL of London. 

(243) 1648, Nov. 23. The PRINCE'S engagement for 
7,000 guilders to THOS. BLOUD WORTH and RICHARD SPENCER, 
partners, being so much paid to free the Goodspeed of Hull 
Thos. Coates, master detained by the Prince's fleet. 

(244) 1651, Nov. 22. The PRINCE'S [sic] to the STATES 
OF JERSEY for their assistance to Sir G. Carteret in his under- 
taking upon Guernsey. 

(245) 1648, Nov. 25. Letters to PRINCE RUPERT and [JAMES] 
MARQUIS OF ORMOND on behalf of Capt. Smith and Major 
Tamell, respectively. 



286 

(246) 1648, Nov. 26. Commission for commissioner in 
Scilly to be receiver of the prize money. 

(247) 1648, Oct. 10. The PRINCE'S warrant to ROB. RICH 
of London to pay 300L, part of the composition for the Chapman 
of London. 

(248) 1648, Nov. 22. The PRINCE to SIR GEO. CARTERETT. 
Intimating his intent of returning to, and staying some time 
in Jersey : he is to relieve Castle Cornett if in distress, before 
the Prince comes. 

(249) 1648, Nov. 20. The SAME to PRINCE RUPERT. On 
behalf of Capt. Bing. 

(250) 1648, Nov. 22. The PRINCE'S order for 300 small pieces 
of lead on the Constant Reformation to be delivered to two 
merchants of Amsterdam being their goods taken coming 
from Wales. 

(251) 1649, Aug. 2. Letter from PETER FOUNTAINS to 
one in Paris pretending some difference in account between 
them : between each line of which " is occultly written " a 
letter of intelligence. 

(252) [1649,] July 16-26. Antwerp. Ric. BRAHAM to 
SIR WM. BOSWELL. Learns by letter from England that 
[Marchamont] Needham, author of Pragmaticus, is appre- 
hended, but it was by his own consent : he is a very knave. 
See Jersey papers No. 21 below. 

(253) 1649, Sept. 1. LORD JERMYN to [WILLIAM] LORD 
WHITTINGTON [i.e. Widdrington] for an Admiralty to be 
settled at Dunkirk, [copy] and WHITTINGTON to LONG about 
a ship he had bought to keep prisoners in. 

(254) [? 1649.] Instructions for the drawing up of several 
letters by Thomas Killegrew. See p. 263 above. 

(255) 1649, Aug. 29. London. THOS. THORYE to LONG 
requesting a place as one of his Majesty's guards. See Jersey 
papers No. 45 below. 

(256) 1649, Sept. 30. St. Malo. FRANCIS NUGENT to 
SECRETARY LONG. The King must not believe anything 
against Owen O'Neil, who is wholly for his Majesty. 

(257) 1649, Aug. 9. CAPTAIN GRIFFITHS' letter to the 
KING for an allowance of the money he disbursed in 
keeping of men for his Majesty's service. 

(258) [1650, April?*] The PRINCE [sic] to the PRINCE 
OF ORANGE. Lord Culpepper is sent as an extraordinary 
ambassador to the Emperor of Russia. 

(259) [Undated.] RICHARD SQUARE'S [? Squire's] intelli- 
gence to Secretary Long from St. Maloes, " being upon a 
further journey." 

(260) 1649, Aug. 11. Amsterdam. HENRY CROWE to 
SECRETARY LONG, mentioning a letter sent by him from the 
Emperor [of Russia] to the King, written in the Muscovia 
language. See Jersey papers No. 39 below. 

* Lord Culpepper made his entrance into Moscow on May 5 (old style), 
1650. 



287 

(261) [? 1648.] A memorial to SECRETARY LONG concerning 
Soilly. 

(262) [? 1648.] MR. TARL'S [?] propositions about prizes 
to be brought into France. 

(263) 1648, Dec. 25. Pass for MR. JAMES CARMIOHALL 
to carry letters into Scotland. 

(265) 1648, Oct. 30. Order for WIDOW PARKER for three 
cow's grass in the new park at Richmond. 

(266) 1649, July 25. CAPTAIN GRIFFITH'S letter for several 
commissions. 

(267) [Undated.] Petition of [THOMAS] NORGATE, Admiralty 
Registrar in Dunkirk, Picardy and Normandy. 

(268) [Undated.] Order to MR. WHITTINGTON to pay Norgate. 

(269) [Undated.] Letter to the QUEEN from several great 
persons in Ireland stating that the Nuncio had excommunicated 
such as did adhere to the cessation with Lord Inchiquin, for 
which they had appealed to Rome. 

(270) 1648, Oct. 1. Scilly. JOHN NOY informs the Prince 
of the taking of St. Mary's Castle with the persons of Col. 
Buller and Capt. Augustin Nicholl. See p. 230 above. 

(271) 1648, Sept. 30. Letter of Sir G. CARTERET that Sir 
Baldwin Wake had overthrown the design of Guernsey. 

(272) 1648, Sept. 12-22. Letter of some Kentish gentlemen 
about money laid out in the preservation of the castles and 
fleet in the Downs. 

(273) 1648, Dec. 7. Letter from DR. GOUGH giving an 
account of his instructions from Paris. 

(^74) 1648, Oct. 24. Letter from MR. FANSHAW mentioning 
that he is upon his voyage for Ireland through France. 

(275) [Undated.] PRINCE RUPERT'S letters. 

(276) 1648[-91, Jan. 23. English translation of SIR WILLIAM 
BOSWELL'S French speech to the States at the Hague made 
before the Prince. 

(277) 1649, Jan. 22. The PRINCE to LORD GENERAL 
FAIRFAX and COUNCIL OF WAR. On behalf of the King. 
See No. 215 above. 

(278) 1649, Feb. 8. Pass from the PRINCE for DANIEL 
LANGLAND with the Good Fortune from Holland to Scotland. 

(279) 1648, Oct. 22. Middelburg. JOHN BOEUE to DR. 
GOUGH. Is keeping together soldiers levied for the Prince. 

(280) 1648, Oct. 23. Copy of bill wherein Sir W. Vavasor 
acknowledges to owe Jas. (sic) Boeue of Middelburg 1,833 Carolus 
guilders, money lent for the pay of levies. 

(281) 1649, July 7. The KING OF SCOTS. Promise to pay 
Mr. Cullamore 10,615L 19<s. Id. due for arms furnished to the late 
King. Copy. Another copy in papers taken at Jersey, No. 46. 

(283) [Undated.] Lord Montrose's desire for letters. 

(284) [Undated.] Copy of propositions given to the Queen at 
Bourbon concerning jewels of the crown. " Remarkable." 

(285) 1646, Nov. 9. SIR PETER OSBURNE'S letter concerning 
Guernsey and Castle Cornett. 



288 

(286) [Undated.] The proceedings of Luke Whittington in 
his employment in Dunkirk. 

(287) [Undated.] The names of captains that will engage 
for his Majesty's service and set out frigates from Dunquerke. 

(288) 1649, March 23. Madrid. [LuDO vie] LORD CRAFORD 
[Crauford] to the King, advising him to invite aid from the 
King of Spain and all other Christian princes. See p. 251 above. 

(289) [Undated.] EDWARD ASTON'S petition to the Scots' 
King to go into Ireland with Captain Smith. 

(290) WILLIAM COVENTRY to SECRETARY LONG. With 
two enclosures, one subscribed P. de la Fontaine, the other 
subscribed Tyler, both interlined with obscure inks, the first 
directing future letters to be sent to Field, stationer, over 
against St. Dunstan's, Fleet street, for de la Fontaine. 
See Jersey papers No. 22 below. 

(291) 1649, April 10. Saragossa. SIR CHARLES SOMERSET 
to the KING. Assuring him of his fidelity. 

(292) 1649, March 23. Madrid. The LORD CRAFORD to 
Secretary LONG. Assuring him the King may have aid from 
hence. See p. 251 above. 

(293) [1649 ?] June 18-28. Rotterdam. ROBERT KILVERT to 
SIR W. BOSWELL at Breda. Sir Edw. Roades of Yorks has 
bought the ruins of Pontefract Castle, of whom one Wm. Fisher, 
merchant, has bought the lead worth above 30,000/., " which 
lead is to be cast into small pigs, and to be sent part to this 
town to his factor Geo. Crole, which he advises may be arrested 
when arrived there, wherein he promiseth assistance." 

(294) 1649[-50], Jan. 13. Copenhagen. SIR JOHN 
COCHERAN to SECRETARY LONG. The King of Denmark is 
ready to contribute all assistance to the Scots' King. 

(295) [Undated.] MAJOR ROYSTON'S bill of Disbursements 
for his Majesty's service. 

(296) 1649, Jan. 30. LORD JERMYN'S letter to SECRETARY 
LONG mentioning his approbation of some letters written 
from the Prince, and wishing him the fruits of it. 

(297) [1647 ?]* Feb. 4. SIR HEN. DE Vic's letter " mention- 
ing that by the Queen's command he had moved the Archduke 
to cause all offices to be done in the King of Spain's name in 
the behalf of the poor King." 

(298) [1649-50.] Jan. 23. SIR JOHN GRENVILL'S letter to 
his Majesty for supplies to Scilly. 

(299) [Undated, 1649 ?] Two letters of intelligence about 
the King's trial. 

(300) 1648, Jan. 13. Amsterdam]. SIR JOHN COCHERAN'S 
letter to SECRETARY LONG acquainting him that he had sent 
him the ciphers which he intends to use with him. 

(301) [Undated.] Heads of a letter to MR. RICHARD KING, 
secretary to his Majesty for Virginia. See p. 262 above. 

(302) 1649, June 19. SIR PATRICK DRFMMOND'S commission 
to be Treasurer under Montr ose. 

* De Vic was recalled from Brussels in Feb., 1646-7. 



289 

(303) [Undated.] Letters in ciphers from THE KING. 

(304) 1648, Aug. 13. THE PRINCE'S commission for a 
consul for the English merchants at Venice. 

(305) [1648 ?] Dec. 12. London. A letter to THE PRINCE 
subscribed B, wherein is mentioned that he came from Ormond 
with letters for the Prince, but by the strictness of the guards 
at all passages he was forced to send them by Sir Thos. 
Howard; the answer should be sent to the author [i.e., writer] 
enclosed to be left with Sir Thos. Stafford at the Savoy. 

(306) [Undated.] SIR ANTHONY BROWNE'S propositions 
about the disposing of Prize Goods. 

(307) 1649, Jan. 4. n.s. Rotterdam. DR. HART'S letter to 
SECRETARY LONG in answer to a letter of his concerning his 
going to sea with the fleet. See p. 242 above. 

(308) 1648, Dec. 30. SIR H. DE Vic's letter about the Duke 
of York's pass from the Archduke. 

(309) [Undated.] A certificate on behalf of MAJOR BUNCKLY 
concerning his killing a man. 

(310) 1649, June 9. From the OFFICERS OF THE FLEET 
informing the PRINCE [sic] of the state of affairs in Kent after 
the fight there, desiring a speedy supply and warrant for what 
they had done, which the laws of the land would not bear 
them out in. 

(311) [1648?] June 29. SIR THOS. LUNSFORD to the PRINCE. 
See p. 202 above. 

(312) 1648, July 3. Goree. CAPT. THOS. ALLEN to LORD 
JERMYN. Reporting the rout of Fairfax and revolt of some 
ships from the Parliament. 

(313) 1648, July 4. A letter from the OFFICERS OF THE 
FLEET to the PRINCE from the Kentish Committee. 

(314) 1648, July 30. Middelburg. LORD COTTINGTON and 
SIR EDW. HYDE. " About their transportation to the 
Prince." 

(315) [Undated.] The DUKE OF YORK'S letter to the 
officers of the Navy. 

(316) [Undated.] MR. HARFLETT'S instructions to ' the 
DUKE OF YORK. 

(317) [1647, May]. The PRINCE OF ORANGE to the " PRINCE 
OF WALES " " after the death of the old [sic] Prince of 
Orange." See p. 206 above. 

(318) [ELIZABETH] QUEEN OF BOHEMIA to the PRINCE OF 
WALES, to assure him of her affection. See p. 208 above. 

(319) 1647, March 12. THE MARQUIS OF MONTROSE to the 
PRINCE. " Only a compliment." 

(320, 321) 1646, July 7. Pendennis Castle. From JOHN 
ARUNDEL, Governor, and the OFFICERS, asking for supplies. 

(322) 1646, July 13. Jersey. Letter from LORD HOPTON 
with enclosure from Pendennis Castle. 

(323) 1646, Oct. 20. Limerick. [EDWARD] LORD GLAMORGAN 
to the PRINCE declaring affection and zeal for the King's 
service. 

p 19 



290 

(324) 1647, July 1. [THOMAS], EARL OF CLEVELAND to the 
PRINCE, declaring great resolution notwithstanding his then 
imprisonment . 

(325) 1647, April 30. Castle Cornett. SIR BALDWIN WAKE 
asks speedy supply for the soldiers there. 

(326) 1646, Oct. 26. Copy of the PRINCE'S letter to the 
LORDS IN SCOTLAND with thanks for their loyalty. 

(327) 1646, July 4. From LORDS CAPEL, HOPTON and 
HYDE concerning Mr. Fanshaw's accounts and " to mind the 
Prince to relieve the garrison " of Pendennis and Scilly. 

(328) 1646, Oct. 16. The PRINCE to the OFFICERS OF 
PENDENNIS then at Jersey wishing they had retired to 
their own homes in England. 

(329) 1649, Aug. 10. The Hague. SIR W. BOSWELL'S 
letter about the relief of the Isle of Man. 

(330) [Undated.] Notes taken from COL. ROGERS con- 
cerning Yarmouth. 

(331) 1648, July 12. Near Appleby. [ JAMES] DUKE 
HAMILTON declares to the PRINCE the resolution of his 
army to hazard life and fortune to re-establish the King. 

(332) 1648, July 9. Appleby. SIR MARMADUKE LANGDALE 
mentions " the way he had made for the Scots' entrance who 
are now coming 15,000, and more expected," &c. 

(333) [1648, June?] Copy of a commission to ISRAEL 
INGRAM, Bailiff of Great Yarmouth, and others for suppressing 
all attempts for delivering the town to those in actual 
rebellion. 

(334) 1648, Aug. 13. EDWARD WALTEN'S letter of intelli- 
gence to the PRINCE. 

(335) [No year.] Aug. 18. Rotterdam. DR. GOUGH'S letter 
to SECRETARY LONG about the soldiers levied. 

(336) [Undated.] Instructions about the Marquis of 
Newcastle. 

(337) 1648, Aug. 16. [THOMAS], LORD FAIRFAX to .the 
PRINCE about Major-General Laugherne. 

(338) 1648, Aug. 17. Westminster. The HOUSE OF PEERS 
to the PRINCE. See p. 224 above. 

(339) 1648, June 11. Copy of LORD INCHIQUEEN'S letter 
of several passages. 

(340, 341) [Undated.] Copies of LORD ORMOND'S letters. 

(342) [Undated.] Captain BOSTON'S commission. 

(343) 1648, Nov. 11. A letter from LORD HOPTON and 
SIR EDWARD HYDE. 

(344) [1648.] SIR BERNARD GASCOIGNE to LORD CULPEPER. 
Desiring money to release him out of prison in Windsor Castle, 
where he is with Lord Capel. 

(345) [1648.] MR. READE, secretary to the English 
commissioners in Scotland, discovers himself to the Prince 
" that he held correspondency with the King's party." 

(346) [Undated.] LORD GORING'S letter to the PRINCE 
mentioning a commission he had returned. 



291 

(347) [Undated.] The CATHOLIC BISHOPS to the several 
towns [in Ireland] recommending the peace. 

(348) [Undated.] Remonstrance of the great ASSEMBLY 
OF THE CATHOLICS in Ireland concerning the peace. 

(349) 1648, Sept. 24. Rotterdam. MR. FORD to SECRETARY 
LONG. Concerning gold melted by him. 

(350) [Undated.] A commission for THOMAS CORRELL to 
carry any ships to the Prince's fleet. 

(351) [Undated.] The desires of CAPTAIN PAIRWEATHER for 
a commission. 

(352) [Undated.] A letter to the PRINCE in cipher. 

(353) [Undated.] JERREMY JOHNSON'S letter to the PRINCE, 

(354) [Undated.] Instructions from the DUKE OF YORK 
about the Fleet. 

(355) 1648, Dec. 9. RICHARD FANSHAW'S letter to 
SECRETARY LONG, "part in cipher." 

(356) 1649[-50], March 22. [ULICK,] MARQUIS OF CLAN- 
RIG ARDE, mentions a commission received from "the Prince." 

(357) 1648[-9], Jan. 24. Kilkenny. RICHARD FANSHAW'S 
letter to Secretary Long, " part in cipher." 

(358) 1648[-9], Jan. 27. Kilkenny. From the SAME about 
several commissions. 

(359) [Undated.] [JOHN] LORD BIRON'S instructions. 

(360) 1649[-50], March 22. MR. FANSHAW, concerning the 
command of the fleet in case the Duke of York did not come in it. 

(361) Same date. MR. FANSHAW'S letter to the KING, 
much in cipher. 

(362) [Same date.] [JAMES] LORD CASTLEHAVEN'S letter 
to the PRINCE. 

(363) [Undated.] [RICHARD] LORD MONTGARRET to the 
SAME, declaring affection. 

(364) 1649[-50], March 22. [ARTHUR MAGENNIS], LORD 
IVEAGH to the " PRINCE," declares that loyalty to the King 
is part of his faith and essential to religion. 

(365) Same date. The MARQUIS OF ORMOND to THE 
PRINCE. " Concerning the peace lately concluded." 

(366-369) Same date. Letters from JEFFREY BROWNE, 
LORD TAAFF, RICHARD FANSHAW and LORD INCHIQUIN to 
THE PRINCE. 

(370) 1648, July 27. Instructions to SIR JOHN COCHERAN, 
the Prince's Agent to the King of Denmark. 

(371) 1648, Sept. 25. Letter to SIR W. BATTEN for the 
restitution of three bales of silk at the request of the city of 
Amsterdam. 

(372) 1648, Sept. 16-26. Warrant to MR. FISHER to sell any 
merchandise seized by the Fleet to such as will give most for it. 

(373) 1648, Sept. 24-14. Commission to WM. BOOTH to 
be the Prince's factor at Calais. 

(374) [No year]. Oct. 20. The PRINCE to the MARQUIS 
OF ORMOND on behalf of Capt. Oliver ffrench, Alderman of 
Galway. 



292 

(375) The SAME to the PRINCE OF ORANGE for four ships. 
See p. 220 above. 

(376) 1648, Sept. 18. The SAME to SIR G. CARTERET 
about the relief of Castle Cornett. 

(377) 1648, Sept. 18-28. The SAME to CAPT. THOS. COOKE 
for all officers and soldiers to repair to the Brill or be discharged. 

(378) 1648, Sept. 26-16. Copy of the letters of the SAME 
to the LORD ORMOND and LORD WILLOUBY. 

(379) [1648, Sept.] Commission to SIR W. BATTEN to be 
Vice- Admiral of the Prince's fleet. Copy. 

(380) [1648, Sept.] MR. HAMOND'S letter with the Earl of 
Warwick's summons to the Prince's fleet, with the Prince's 
reply.* 

(382) [WILLIAM] LORD BELLENDEN to SECRETARY LONG. 
Declares zeal for the King's service. 

(383) 1649, March 17. Stockholm. [PATRICK] EARL OF 
BRENTFORD to the SCOTS KING. Has a promise of arms and 
ammunition which must not appear to be sent immediately 
from the Queen [Christina] ; he dares not persuade the King 
to expect the four ships asked for ; he doubts not of corn to be 
sent for Ireland : her parliament has much importuned the 
Queen to marry ; she refusing, they have left her to her liberty, 
but have declared that, failing heirs of her body, the Prince 
Palatine is to succeed to the crown. The Queen had embraced 
his motion with extraordinary civility, but he could not draw 
from her such expressions- as might ground an assurance to him 
to persuade his Majesty at present to be too pressing; he 
advises him to keep a kind correspondency by letters from 
his own hand ; he desires to have his Majesty's picture. 

(384) 1649, April 7. Stockholm. The EARL OF BRAMFORD'S 
[BRENTFORD] letter with list of arms. 

(385) 1649, March 24. Stockholm. The SAME to the SCOTS 
KING. Has just received the Queen [of Sweden's] letter by 
which his Majesty may discover the reach of his expectations. 
All there that wish well to his Majesty's affairs long to hear 
of his conjunction with the Scots. 

(386) 1649, March 31. Stockholm. The SAME to the 
SAME. A speedy course will be taken to transport arms ; 
his father's death is much resented : there was on the previous 
day a long debate in council which way was most probable 
for the King to engage with appearance of success ; the result 
was to adhere to the Scots. 

(387) 1649, March 3. Stockholm. The SAME to the SAME 
of sorrow for the death of his father. 

(388) 1648-9, March 2[-12]. London. From CAPTAIN 
THOMAS VERNEY. He declares the King's death to be very 
much distasted in the city and over the kingdom ; a short 
time might bring unlooked-for things ; a friend of his, a gentle- 
man much acquainted with powerful persons in and about the 

* The summons and the reply were both on Sept. 19. 



293 

city, if empowered with a commission, would perform a good 
piece of service ; he and his friends have a plot upon a very 
considerable city, not far from London. Letters should be 
sent to Henry Vickis at his house in Bishopsgate Street over 
against the Spittle. 

(389) [Undated.] LAWRENCE LOE to SECRETARY LONG. 
Mentioning the hard measure he has and might receive for 
his affection to the late King and his now Majesty ; he would 
have waited on him but feared discovery, which would make 
him uncapable of doing that good which he knows he may 
do at his return. 

(390) 1648, Aug. 7. Deal. COL, RICH to CAPTAIN HAMON[D]. 
" Desires to meet the same measure to him as he might expect 
when the scene might change. That he had sent him his best 
friend, and would deny him nothing that was in his power. 
He desires the prince's pass for a friend of his to go into 
France to travill till the English clouds were dispersed." 

(391) 1648, Aug. 2. A Commission to provide victual for 
the army. Also Commission for RALPH SKIPWITH to be 
Governor of King's Lynn and Old Lynn. 

(392) 1648, July 23. The PRINCE to COLONEL [MATTHEW] 
BOINTON. Mentions the despatch of his brother COL. 
[CORNELIUS] BOINTON from Helvetslueys, appoints him to 
proceed immediately to his declaration, and to provide for 
his security, for the enemy could not but have notice of his 
brother's being openly at Hilvoedslueys ; and of the bearer's 
repair to the Prince aboard the fleet. 

(393) [Undated.] The PRINCE to SIR W.BOSWELL. Hasgiven 
instructions to the Earl of Lauderdale to treat with the States- 
General in his own name and that of the kingdom of Scotland 
for supplies of money, arms and ammunition, men and ships. 
Sir William is to further the matter and acquaint the Earl with 
the instructions given to Sir William by the Prince in Holland. 
Copy. 

(394) [1649, early in.] The PRINCE to SIR M. LANGD ALE and 
the GOVERNOR OF PONTEFRACT CASTLE. They are to assist 
Col. Bointon, who had secured the garrison of Scarborough for 
the King. See p. 277 above. 

(395) 1648, July 17. Copy of CAPTAIN LUKE WHITTINGTON'S 
instructions and copy of DR. GOUGH'S warrant to alter Lord 
Goring's commission. 

(396) 1648, St. Germain's. Commission to the CORNISH 
GENTLEMEN to raise forces. 

(397) [1648.] The PRINCE to [THOMAS] LORD FAIRFAX. 
About General Laugharne and other prisoners. Copy. 

(398) 1648, Aug. 3. The SAME to MAJOR-GENERAL BROWNE 
acknowledging his kindness : is confident that he will proceed 
with his wonted courage in such courses as are for the public 
good. Copy. 

(399) 1648, Aug. 9. Blank commission to secure the town 
of Portsmouth, delivered to Sir W. Boswell. Copy. 



294 

(400) 1648, Aug. 3. From the PRINCE to the KENTISH 
GENTLEMEN and to SIR WM. BOSWELL. Copies. 

(401) 1648, July 24. Commission for CORNELIUS BOINTON 
to be colonel of a regiment of horse in Yorks, and two other 
blank commissions. 



The whole endorsed : " Delivered by Mr. Bond in to ye 
Counc 11 - 22 Mart. 1651[-2]." 

In later hand on last sheet : " Authentic memoirs serving to 
ye History of ye late Rebellion from anno 1648. 

Ex. MSS. Evelyni. 

"This seems to have been an abstract of such letters and 
other papers as were in the custody of Sir Robt. Long or 
whoever was Secretary of State to his Majesty at ye Fight 
at Worcester where they were taken." 

43 pp. (III. 859 sq.) 



LETTERS BROUGHT FROM JERSEY. 

1652, April 8. " A breviat of such of the papers that came 
from Jersey, that concerns persons whom the Act of Pardon 
do not save ; both before and since the change of government, 
1649. Reported to the Council, April 16, 1652 . . . . 

Brought from Jersey in a trunk formerly belonging to Robert 
Long, secretary to the King of Scots." 

List of the writers of the letters. 

TEN PAPERS concerning [Lucy], COUNTESS OF CARLISLE. 

Margin. (1) "A letter without date or subscription, supposed 
to be her own hand- writing. Endorsed, Lady Carlile." 

" From the said lady to Prince Charles, signifying that after 
that time, by means of the person the bearer, whom she and 
the company he goes with do absolutely trust, she can safely 
give the Prince an account of all she knows ; which she 
promiseth to do faithfully and confidently, being only to 
himself ; and intreats that he would not suffer the bearer to 
return, in regard that the trust he hath as aforesaid will make 
him so useful to his service and saith that she had rather serve 
the Prince than live." 

Margin. (2) "A let r - dated July 14 and endorsed reed. 
Aug. 10, 1648. Lady Carlile's let rs - concerning Sir Will. 
Batten." 

" From the said lady to Pr. Charles in credit of Sir William 
Batten, whose service by reason of his Interest and Power 
with a people that may be very useful to his highness she 
saith is the best return she can make in relation to the hon r - 
done her by the Prince of which she saith she is not worthy : 
that a greater expression of his service he cannot make than 



295 

to wait upon the Prince at that present wherein the Parliament 
is in such a high degree of good fortune. That the bearer had 
so prepared all business here that he would find the good 
effect thereof with perfect joy and satisfaction." 
Margin. (3) " A let r - signed Carlile, supposed to be her own 
hand : dated July 12. Endorsed, Lady Carlile." 

" From the said lady to the Prince to give a favourable 
reception to the Lord Peterborough, wch. she concludes 
because the Prince's gallantry and justice will persuade him 
to consider persons from their Intentions, not from their 
success that his Ldpps. engagem*- had certainly exprest 
great zeal to his service, though perhaps not accompanied 
with all circumstances of caution. That his affairs at Colchester 
made y m - neglect themselves, to venture on a business of 
wch. the success hath been sad, but she hopes that the Pr. 
putting himself in action, will give a turn to all misfortunes 
and make him as prosperous and glorious as is by her wished." 
Margin. (4) "A letter without date and endorsed L. W. 5 
Arthur S. supposed Arthur Slingsby." 

" Proposing the raising of a regim*- of 6 troops of horse in 
and about London upon design for the King and for the 
provision of money in England for that end : he humbly 
conceives that the Lady Carlile being now Prisoner his Ma tie - 
may think of some other person of quality to intrust in the 
same Imploym 1 - the Lady Carlile had for the levying of 
money." 

Margin. (5) " Copy of a lett r - dated Hague, 28 Jan., 1649 
n. style endorsed copy of the let r - to my Lady Carlile." 

" From Prince C. to the said Lady expressing that though he 
cannot doubt but that she believes him truly sensible as he 
ought to be of her kindness and the effects thereof to the King 
and him, yet he would more frequently give assurances to 
her were it not for the danger may be occasioned to her by 
the Letters, yet he cannot forbear to take notice of the very 
great advantage his Ma tie - had lately received by the carriage 
of the Lord of Northumberland in the Lords house (when the 
Ordinance for the trial of the King was rejected) and intreats 
her to assure him that he will with much affection preserve 
the memory of that seasonable action (wch. by the blessing of 
God may be a principal means of his Ma ties - preservation) 
and will, if ever it be in his power make such real acknow- 
ledgm 1 - thereof both to him and her that she shall have cause 
to believe that he is truly and unchangeably Her very 
affectionate Friend." 

Margin. (6) Another copy of the aforesaid let r - [Another 
copy taken at Worcester]. 

Margin. (7) " Copy of a let r - without date endorsed 
copy of the Pr. his let r - to the Lady Carlile." 

" From the Pr. to the said Lady, declaring how much he did 
owe to her endeavours, and more to her affections daily exprest 



296 

to the King and him. That whatsoever was his condition 
he should always retain a just sense and memory of her kindness 
referred her to the relation of the bearer for other things." 

Margin. (8) " Minutes of orders taken by Secretary Long. 

" For a letter to my Lady Carlisle in answer of Mr. Beek, 
that he will keep to himself what she writes to him." 

Margin. (9) " Minutes of Orders taken by Sec ry - Long." 

" Mentioning blanks for my Lady Carlile. For Colchester 
to do what she will, for the rest he leaves it to her discretion 
on all occasions conveniently for his Ma ties - service. A let r - to 
Tom Howard to appoint the money upon his blanks to be 
paid to my Lady Carlile and not to my Lord Willoughby." 

Margin. (10) " Minutes of Orders taken by Seer. Long." 

" Mentioning the let r - to Mr. How[ard] to pay the money 
he shall receive to my Lady Carlile." [In another hand.] See 
more touching her afterward numbers 58 and 71 and 79. 

PRESBYTERY. 

Margin. (11) "A large let r - subscribed by none, yet supposed 
to be Capt. Titus his hand : It is two sheets of paper and was 
wrote between the execution of the late King and Hamilton." 

" From some persons of the Presbytery to the King of Scots 
bitterly inveighing against the Parliam 1 - for murdering the 
late King, &c., earnestly pressing him to the Covenant and giving 
advice as to the future managem*- of his kingly office, &c." 

EARL OF MARLBOROUGH. 3 papers. 
Margin. (12) " A let r - dated London April 27, 1649." 

" From the said Earl to Seer. Long to procure a Protection 
from the King for a vessel that he was sending from London 
to the Westindies, in regard he had lately had one vessel 
taken by the Irish." 

Margin. (13) " A let r - dated London April 27, 1649." 

" From the said Earl to Sr. Kalph Hopton, desiring the 
aforesaid courtesy, and intimating his resolutions to pass in her 
to the West Indies, finding it necessary that he speed thither. 
The vessel's name to be the Jonathan of London, Robert 
Harding master." 

Margin. (14) "Copy of a Let r - without date; only on the 
top wrote, to the E. of Marlborough," and so endorsed. 

" From the King to the said Earl signifying how much 
he esteemed his constant loyalty, good affection, how he 
looked upon him as a Person of great hon r - and abilities, of 
great experience and Interest in the Caribbo Islands and other 
Plantations Desiring him to improve the same for the security 
and advantage of those places, the continuing and settling 
the Inhabitants in their due obedience to his Ma tie> , the 
regaining of the seduced, assuring them of his Princely care 
that he shall have always of their good, and to reward and 



297 

incourage the loyal : To certify with the first the present 
condition and Inclinations of those Plantations, the names of 
the Eminent Loyal, or otherwise, and advise his Ma tie - what 
is requisite for him to do in their behalfes in order to his service : 
and what increase and confirmation of Power he desires for 
himself, or any therin conducing to the good of the Plantations, 
and the advancem*- of his Maj ties - service therein (his Ma tie 
relying upon his wisdom and integrity) that order may be 
granted for the same." 

[HENEAGE] LORD WINCHILSEA. 

Margin. (15) " Copy of a Let r - dated March 25, 1649." 

" From the King of Scots to the said Lord taking notice 
of his great affection in saving some officers' lives that served 
the late King his Father and him in the last summer's expedition 
than wch. he could not do a more noble or acceptable action." 

[ROGER] LORD BROGHILL. 3 papers. 

Margin. Vide (7). "Copy of a Let r - dated July 18, 1648." 
" From the Prince of Wales to the said Lord, intimating 
how much he was satisfied with the expressions of his good 
affections to the King and him, promising not to fail to give 
all encouragem 1 - to continue his affection and endeavours 
for the King's service. Refers him for the other things to 
the bearer." 

Margin. (16) " Copy of a Let 1 - dated April 10, 1649." 

" From the King of Scots to the Marquis of Ormond. 
signifying that he had received so full information of the good 
affection of the Lord Broughill to the King his Father and to 
him, and such expressions of his desires to do us service, that 
he was fully resolved to pardon whatsoever he had done amiss 
formerly ; and to consider him for the time to come as a person 
upon whose Loyalty and affection he may confidently rely, 
and the rather because he intends shortly to wait upon us 
in his way to Ireland, he intreats therefore the like consideration 
of him, and to afford him his just favour and protection in 
such things as may concern him in that kingdom, particularly 
to receive his Lady (who intends immediately to repair thither) 
with civilities answerable to her, quality and the esteems he 
hath of her, and to endeavour (as there shall be occasion 
to do all good offices, and settle a right understanding between 
Inchiqueen and him, wch. he desires as a thing most conducing 
to his service." 

Margin. (17) " A Letter dated at Kilkenny, May 25, 1649." 

" From the Marquis of Ormond to the King of Scots, declaring 
amongst other things that as all other of his commands, so 
those wch. he had pleased to lay upon him, touching the Lord 
and Lady Broghill, shall be answered by a most ready 
obedience." See Worcester papers, No. 8 above. 



298 

SIB THOMAS BENDISH : MR. MANLY. 
Margin (18) " A let r - dated London May 4, 1649." 

" From Mr. Manly to the King of Scots ; expressing the 
trust committed to him by Sr. Tho. Bendish to present his 
Ma tie - with the inclosed, wch. he saith he did also out of his 
allegiance, and the duty he owed to the Crown. Also that 
he had other instructions to deliver his Ma tie< from the said 
Sr. Thomas concerning Sr. Sackville Crow the narration whereof 
he omitted. That the said Sr. Thomas carried himself with a 
lustre befitting a monarch's imploymt., &c. Rails against 
the Parliam 1 - for cruelty in executing the late King, and 
declares himself highly his Ma tie ' s , and that he will venture 
with his own blood to subscribe himself when opportunity 
serves his Loyal Subject and Faithful Soldier." 

Margin. (19) " A let 1 - dated Pera di Constantinople 21 May, 
1648." 

" From Sr. Tho. Bendish to the King giving him a large 
ace 1 - of things at Constantinople : that he received his Ma ties - 
let r - by Mr. Manley and was duly sensible of his favour therin 
to give him occasion whereby he might evidence with what 
cheerfulness he should receive his Ma ties - commands, and with 
what ready obedience he should execute them." 

MAJOR GENERAL BROWNE. 

Margin. (20) " Copy of a let r - dated Aug. 3, 1648." 

" From the Prince of Wales to the said Major-Gen, signifying 
that he looked upon him not only well affected to the King 
and him and to the peace and settlem 1 - of the kingdom, 
but as upon one that might contribute very much to those 
public ends and intreats him to believe that he is sensible 
of his kindness, and effectual endeavours as he ought to be, 
and is confident of his wonted courage : hath instructed 
Sr. Anthony St. Leiger, the bearer, in all that he hath to say to 
him, and desires him to give full credit to him." 

RICH. BRAHAM. 

Margin. (21) " A Let r - dated Antwerp if July" [1649]. 

" From the said Braham to Mr. Boswell giving notice of 
Mr. Needham's apprehension, but that it was with his own 
consent ; wishing him to have a care of him, because he was 
a very knave, and that his very good friends said so." See 
Worcester papers, No. 252 above. 

MR. WILLIAM COVENTRY and PETER DE LA FOUNTAINE. 

Margin. (22) " A Let r - dated Antwerp June 25, 1649." 

" From the said Coventry to Seer. Longe intimating that 
the two Let rs - he had inclosed were from his friend, one for 
the said Secretary, another from [sic] himself hopes that he will 
believe he may be useful and deserve farther encouragem 1 - 



299 

is confident that he useth all diligence and care, hopes that it 
will appear he wants not abilities." See Worcester papers, 
No. 290 above. 

Margin. (23) " The first dated June 8, 1649, wrote with 
invisible ink, between lines wrote with black ink, the black 
running in a style as a friend to the Parliam*-" 

" Inclosed in the aforesaid to Mr. Coventry by the name of 
Mr. Crocker ; signifies that the said Peter was an agent for 
the King for intelligence in England : intimates that he had 
received a bill for 100L, desires credit for greater sums because 
of a great business he has in hand, wch. must not be starved. 
That Argyle had sent to the house that he should be forc'd 
to quit Scotland, because of the growing of the King's party. 
That a post was come from Jones, Monk, Coote to acquaint the 
house that they had made a league offensive and defensive with 
Owen Roe, desiring a ratification of it. That Owen Roe had 
been paid by these people (meaning the Parliam*-) ever 
since the Pacification. That Cromwell was preparing to go 
over to Ireland with 12,000. Lambert posted to Cromwell 
to tender his horse. Scilly is in great straits and in danger 
to be lost. That the great officers of the army undervalued 
Scotland, and said they could fetch that kingdom off with 
200,000/. at any time." 

Margin. (24) " The other Let r - dated June 8, and wrote as 
the former, but subscribed Tyler instead of Peter de la 
Fountagne." 

" Said to be to Secr y - Long ; signified That the Parliam*- 
by the words (These men) intended to burn the Prince's fleet 
at Kingsale, of wch. he gave notice to the Lady Ormond to 
advertise it by an express ; yet lest that it should fail he had 
sent an express by a gentleman to Dublin with the Speaker's 
pass, to acquaint Ormond therwith, and<4o offer his service 
to him ; wch. he saith cost him 101. and that another business 
of a more sublime nature had cost him 2 II. though but in 
preparation, &c." 

Four other Letters to MR. COVENTRY, alias Crocker, from 
PETER DE LA FOUNTAGNE. 

Margin. (25) " The first Let 1 , dated Aug. 2, 1649, signed 
Peter Fountagne." 

" Wishes for more blanks for money, if intelligence be to 
be sent to Ormond then a creature must be fixed in 
Chester, another in Dublin, a third in Pembroke ; that 
Munck was come and 'twas believed that Cromwell would 
no [? now] go, his officers begin to fear England in the 
meantime Lambert was here, and shall command the parts 
here. That Fairfax must march northward, but is not trusted 
with the main design. That Sion College resolved to pray 
for the King, notwthstanding the Act. That if he had an 
establishment, he would maintain agents in Ireland, Scotland 



300 

and the Court w th -out danger. That one Gardener was taken 
in Dorsetshire for tampering with Portland and Plymouth, 
and that he feared he would suffer." 

Margin. (26) " The second Let r ' dated Aug. 17, 1649." 

" Wrote in black ink and signifying the victory against 
Ormond at Dublin as a friend to the ParliamS that Jones 
had corrupted Preston and Capt. Harmand at the Pass." 

Margin (27) " The third Let r - dated Aug. 26, 1649, wrote 
with in visible ink between black lines." 

" Mentions Cromwell's landing at Dublin, his sending for 
more men ; that Ireton was landed, and had Youghal delivered 
to him : that Owen Roe had raised the bridge at Londonderry ; 
that the Parliam*- by proclamation detested any communi- 
cation with him ; yet saw reason to protect him, for his 
voluntary services. That if the King would forgive the Scots 
and grant what he could not deny to the Presbyters, they 
would join with him : those here called the Parliamentarians etc., 
and that Fairfax was to be laid aside, though courted with 
5,0001 per ann., &c." 

Margin. (28) " The fourth Let r - dated Aug. 30, 1649, wrote 
as the former subscribed Tyler." 

" Intimates much of the news current, and that if the 
Scots could be got heartily to declare for the King, he dared 
to undertake to bring in the greatest Presbytery, wch. was 
the only way to ruin Cromwell, for if he had time to defeat 
Ormond, neither the Scots or English Presbyters could, or 
dared to oppose him. Nay without perad venture he would 
be crowned King in the heat of his victories over Ireland, 
and for quiet sake most men would submit, for Religion is 
already poisoned in the people ; and then Loyalty would stand 
but on a weak foundation." 

MRS. HORWOOD [? JANE WHORWOOD]. 

Margin. (29) "Copy of let r dated Apr. 6, 1649 n.s. Tom 
Blague was acquainted with this before Seer. Long." 

" Authority given to the said Mrs. Horwood, viz., that 
the King of Scots would not dispose of the place she moved 
him for during the space of six or seven weeks after the date 
hereof, in wch. time I may receive any propositions the Com- 
pany shall make me concerning it wch. I authorize you to 
receive and convey to me." 

Cf. No. 50 below. 

COL. WILLIAM LEGGE. 

Margin. (30) " A Let r - dated Kingsale T % April, 1649." 

" From the said Colonel to Seer. Long signifying Prince 
Rupert's readiness to despatch some ships and men with 
provisions to Scilly : That course was taken that day to despatch 
bills to Holland for a considerable sum, and set Pr. Rupert in 



301 

a condition to support the navy : wch. ace*- was according to 
his 5th instruction : that there wanted only his Ma ties - presence 
to make him Master of all Ireland : that he gave [sic] give 
an acct. of the commands he received." See Worcester Papers, 
No. 85 above. 

Margin. (31) " Minutes of Seer. Long's dated March 20, 1649." 
" Orders : speak of Col. Legg for Ireland. 

Po. WELLS [sic ? SIR ROBERT WELSH]. 
Margin. (32) " A Let r - dated London July 26, 1649." 

" From the said Wells to Secretary Long concerning the 
clearing of his reputation in some things not exprest : and that 
the said Seer, would write to the Lord Craven to clear him 
also." 

MR. SANDS. 

Margin. (33) " Propositions Apr. 26, 1649." 

" Of the said Sands to the King for the taking of the English 
Greenland fleet, and the fleet to Muscovia, with an estimate 
of the ships that trade that way, and the value, and to accom- 
plish it by himself and his friends' charge paying the King the 
lOths and 15ths and prescribes that the Duke of Lorraine 
make [may] take the vessels as for his service because the 
Dutch have put forth an edict against their vessels being 
immediately imployed for the King of Scots against England." 

RICH. WILCOX. 

Margin. (34) / Copy of a Commission, Apr. 30, 1649." 

" From the King of Scots to the said Wilcox to seize the 
Hind frigate, the Henriette or any other ship of war or strength 
belonging to, or in the possession of the Rebels in England." 

Margin. 20 May, 1649. 

The like granted to Robt. Kirby at the motion of Col. Palmer. 

Margin. 15 May, 1649. 

The same also to John Rygate at the instance of Major 
Bos well. 

SIR WM. VAVASOUR. 

Margin. (35) "Minutes of Orders. March f-, 1649." 

' ' Express . Sir Wm . Vavasour for the expenses of his j ourney . 
Sir Wm. Vavasour to be spoken withall about his proportion 
for the merchant to Ireland and Scilly, to which the King 
consents." 

SIR FRAN: WORTLEY. 

Margin. (36) "A Let 1 - without date, yet wrote since the 
King of Scots styled himself King." 

" From the said Sir Francis to the King : Expressing very 
great affection to the King, his sufferings for him, his girding 
his first sword about him, &c." 



302 

Margin. (37) "A Let r - dated July 11, 1649." 

" From an Intelligencer whose name is torn out, who 
expresseth his desires to discover the most secret conceptions, 
that by those truths they might balance their other Intelligence. 
That he will expose his life and fortune for the continuance 
of them, if they may be of any use. Begs that the Instrument 
may be known to none but himself lest his ruin make him 
useless." 

JAMES BOLLEN, Merc*- 

Margin. (38) " Copy of a Commission dated Aug. 17, 1649." 
" From the King of Scots to James Bollen, merchant, to 
repair to any of his ports in England or Ireland to command 
the vessel he brings ; to take what vessels he can belonging 
to the Rebels in England." See Worcester papers, No. 204 
above. 

HENRY CROW. 

Margin. (39) "A Let r - dated Amsterdam, Aug. 11, 1649." 

" From the said Crow to Seer. Long signifying that he had 
brought a let r - from the Emperor of Russia to the King, 
which he had sent to Sir Rich. Browne and desires to know 
whether it was received." See Worcester papers, No. 260 
above. 

JOHN WARDALL, ESQ. 
Margin. (40) " Two copies of a Let 1 - dated March 18, 1649." 

" From the King of Scots to the said Wardall of the same 
contents, signifying the King's sense of his affection, desiring 
the loan of some money and some other service, wch. the 
Chancellor of his Exchequer should acquaint him with, that what 
he did should be kept w th - as much secrecy as he could desire." 

LIEUT. -COLONEL DICKS. 
Margin. (41) "Propositions. May 2, 1649." 

" From the said Dicks to the King's Council in order to 
his expedition to fetch the arms and ammunition from Sweden, 
from the Earl of Bramford [Brentford]." 

SIR WM. DAVENANT. Two papers. 
Margin. (42) " Copy of a Commission dated Sept., 1649." 

'' From the King of Scots appointing the said Davenant 
to be Treasurer in Virginia, in the absence of Sr. Jno. Barclay, 
whom he made Treasurer in the room of Capt. William 
Clayburne, because he was affected to the Parliam*-" See 
Worcester papers, No. 207 above. 

Margin. (43) " Dated Sept. 19, 1649, St. German's." 

" The state of the said Davenant's accounts for arms and 
ammunition delivered in 1645 amounting to 13,224/. 12s. 
under the Lord Cottington, Hen. Jermyn, Edw. Hyde, Robert 
Long's hands. 



303 

OWEN POWELL. 

Margin. (44) " A Let r - dated Rotterdam, July 1, 1649." 

" From the said Powell to Mr. Brey, one of the grooms of 
the bedchamber, signifying that he had prevailed with "mine 
here" Hartichsvelt to disburse for all the provisions sent for 
by Sr. Jno. Greenfield [Grenville]. Intends to go with the said 
provisions, desires a Let r - in his own behalf to Sr. John 
Greenfield." 

THOMAS THORY. 

Margin. (45) " A Let r - dated Aug. 29, 1649, London." 

" Of the said Thory's to Seer. Long to procure the place of 
being one of the King's guard wherein he expresses that the 
Parliam 1 ; had taken away his estate, and that he desired to 
live and die for the King." See Worcester papers, No. 255 above. 

JUSTUS CULLIMORE, Merchant of Antwerp. 

Margin. (46) " Copy dated July 7, 1649." 

" Of the King of Scots' engagement to pay to the said 
Cullimore the sum 10,615?. 19s. id. for arms and ammunition 
for the late King his Father." [Another copy in papers taken at 
Worcester, No. 281.] 

MR. J. SEYMORE. 

Margin. (47) " A Let r - dated Feb. 24, 1649." 

/' From the said Seymore by name of Thomas Croker, 
concerning Intelligence." 

SR. RICH. BROWNE. 

Margin. (48) " A Let r - dated Paris March 26, 1649 st. n." 

" From the said Sir Richard to Seer. Long desiring 
amongst other things a Let r - from the King to the Pr. of 
Conde wherein he adviseth the King to mention the great 
sense that he hath publicly expressed of his Father's murder, 
not without a kind of vow of revenge as soon as the affairs 
of France would permit." 

CAPT. JASPER CORNELIUS. 

Margin. (49) " A Let r - dated July, 1649." 

" Of the said Cornelius to the Lord Hopton giving intelli- 
gence and expressing his affection to the King together w th * 
two letters of the same nature to Seer. Long. 

Margin. (50) " A Letter dated Westminster Jan. 28, 1649." 

Concerning the carrying away of the late King's two 
children out of England, the name is cut out and there is no 
direction on it. 

COLONEL THOMAS BLAGGE. 

Margin. Vide (29). " Seer. Long's minutes of orders, Ap. 6, 
1649," 



304 

Saith that Tom Blagge knew of the authority given to 
Mrs. Horwood before he was acquainted therewith. Cf. 
No. 29 above. 

Margin. (51) " Copy of a Let r - dated March 28, 1648." 

" From Prince Charles to Tom Blagg concerning the 
affections of the gentlemen in Norfolk and Suffolk to the 
King's service signified by him : he adviseth the encouragem*- 
of them, and that he will do all things as he shall be advertised 
by him." [Another copy taken at Worcester.] See p. 279 above. 

Margin. (52) " Seer. Long's minutes of orders." 

" Saith The Suffolk men that Mr. Blagg speaks for : 
Robt. Elmy, Rich. Rogers, Timothy Lowe and John Lowe. 

Margin. (53) " A note of the said Blagg to Seer, by order of 
the King (as he saith) to pay 204 guilders to Jas. Juicks." 

CAPT. JNO. GRIFFITH. 

Margin. (54) " A Let r - dated Aug. 17, 1649." 

" From the said Griffith to Seer. Long in wch. is enclosed 
an ace*- of his expressing that he received of Monsieur Henflit 
800 guld., together with six other Let 1 " 9 - of his dated in July, 
Aug. and Sept., 1649, giving accounts of his agencies in 
selling of ships, raising of men for Montrose, etc. Intelligence 
also of affairs, desires an allowance monthly for that purpose, 
calls the Parliam 1 - of England rebels, and that the Dutch 
were at last troubled and confessed it was their fault to let 
that monster Commonwealth (meaning England) to grow so 
big, and desires blank commissions." 

[JAMES] EARL OF DERBY. 

Margin. (55) " A Let r no date is affixed to it." 

" From the said Earl to the King of Scots, intimating that 
nothing did enliven his heart after the deadly tidings of that 
fatal stroke on that Saint and Martyr his Father, whom he 
could not name without horror, than the commands of the 
said King ; that it was a cordial to his heart that the King 
so soon took notice of his constant truth unto his service in 
which he had been faithful from the first without halting, 
and should still be true unto him, wth. all the power God and 
the King should enable him ; that he would not fail to obey 
his commands in holding correspondence with the Marquis 
of Ormond, &c." 

[CHARLOTTE] COUNTESS OF DERBY. 

Margin. (56) " Copy of a Let r - dated March, 1649." 

"From the King of Scots to the said Countess, signifying 
that he had despatched the gentleman the bearer to the Lord 
of Derby ; that he could not let him depart without some 
acknowledgm* of the many obligations he hath to her : 
desires her to believe that he is sensible of them, and to continue 



305 

the same good affections as she had always to his Father, 
who is now with God ; that he shall endeavour to appear 
with much kindness her affectionate friend." 

Margin. (57) " A paper of Intelligence, no subscription or 
date signifying " 

" That the tyrants at Westminster were designing to gain 
the Isle of Man, and were treating with the Earl of Derby, 
advising a Let r - to be sent to the Earl's Lady, not to part 
with it on any terms." 

COUNTESS OF CARLISLE. 

Margin. (58) "A Let r - dated July 31. Endorsed rec. 
Aug. 2, 1648, from L. C. supposed the Lady Carlile, there being 
a former Let r - wrote with the same hand by Mr. L. supposed 
Mr. Low, recommending him and his business to the Prince." 

" From the said Countess to the Prince of Wales, signifying 
that the Bearer had been so faithful a serv*- to the King 
your Father and his interest that she could not refuse the 
recommending of him to his favour from whom he would 
know the condition of affairs in England, wch. perhaps might 
be of some advantage to his service, therefore she would not 
discourage him in his journey that his wisdom might make 
use of the good and leave the rest ; she thinks his intentions 
are real, and that if any favour be bestowed on his person, 
she thinks it well bestowed ; that she is with a most exact 
and strict duty his humble and most obedient serv 1 -" 

[EDWARD, MARQUIS AND] EARL OF WORCESTER. 

Margin. (59) " A Let r - dated Paris March 15, 1649." 

" From the said Earl to the King of Scots bitterly bewailing 
the death of the late King, wch. he professeth is all forgot 
when he thinks of his Ma tie - the successor. 

Margin. (60) "Another Let r -" 

" Of the said Earl to the Prince of Wales that he hath a 
Let r - to him from the Supreme Council that the Lord Crawford 
would tell him the reason of the deferring of his journey, 
expressing also his affection to the Prince." 

ANTHONY BROWNE, ESQR. 

Margin. (61) " Copy of a warrant, Jan. 8, 1649." 

" To the said Browne from the Prince to sell 36 brass guns 
at Rotterdam." 

GEOFFREY BROWNE. 

Margin. (62) " A Let r - of his dated Jan. 28, 1649. Endorsed 
March 22, 1649." 

" To the Prince of Wales signifying his affections to his 
service and that his Entering into Governm 1 - w th - the conclusion 
of a Peace in Ireland, was an omen of the good success of his 
future governm*-" 

p 20 



306 

SR. WM. BALLANTIN. 

Margin. (63) " Copy dated Sept. 19, 1649," of the authority 
given to the said Sr. Wm. by the King of Scots. 

RALPH MADDISON. 

Margin. (64) "A Let r - dated Holborn July 21, 1649.' 

" Of the said Maddison to Seer. Long signifying his paying 
of moneys for the said Long and desiring to know where his 
land lies that he might get in the profits thereof." 

CAPT. RICH. GREEN. 

Margin. (65) " A Let r - dated Cherbourg, July 24, 1649." 

" From the said Green to the Lord Hopton, signifying his 
taking of a Prize with the Blackamoor Lady." 

Margin. (66) " Another Let r - dated 27 July, 1649." 
c ' To Secretary Long for two Commissions by sea." 

SIR BENJAMIN WRIGHT. 

Margin. (67) " A Let r - dated Madrid March 23, 1649." 

" From the said Sr. Benjamin to the King of Scots condoling 
the death of his father : exclaiming against the Parl*- as 
unnatural and tyrannical Rebels. That he finds the King of 
Spain and his chief ministers to have a most high and cordial 
resentment of his case ; that he is not unmindful to demonstrate 
unto them how necessary it is for example sake that so 
barbarous an Act does not pass without a severe punish- 
ment." 

SIR BALDWIN WAKE. 

Margin. (68) " A Let 1 - March 16, 1648[-9], Castle Cornet." 
" To the King of Scots from the said Sir Baldwin condoling 

the death of the King, &c." See Worcester papers. No. 77 

above. 

Margin. (69) " Another Let 1 - May 4, 1649." 

" To the King concerning provisions for Castle Cornet 

from the said Sir Baldwin." 

[THOMAS! EARL OF CLEVELAND. 

Margin. (70) "Dated Aug. last, 1649." 

" Recommended Col. Francis Thomson's desire to the King 
for a Let r - of recommendation to the Charibbo Islands. Two 
other Let rs - of the said Earl to the Prince and one of the Prince 
to him : dated May 12, 1648, July 21, 1647, May 12, 1648. 

COUNTESS OF CARLISLE. 

Margin. (71) " The Lady Aubigny's Let r - Dated Aug. 5, 
1648," 



307 

" To the Duke of York : saith the Lady Carlile being now 
the person that hath the authority." 

SIR CHARLES SOMERSET. 
Margin. (72) " A Let r - dated Saragossa April 5, 1649." 

" From the said Sr. Charles to the King of Scots signifying 
his desires to serve him ; to know the time wherein he might 
assist his re-enthroning, and design anything against the 
barbarous usurpers of his Royal Prerogative." 

[WILLIAM, MARQUIS AND] EARL OF NEWCASTLE. 

Margin. (73) "Dated May 25, 1649." 

" Copy of a Let r - from the King, to advise him to endeavour 
the preservation of his estate in England, in regard of his 
poverty." 

SIR ARNOLD DE LISLE. 

Margin. (74) " Dated May 12, June 16, May 12, 1649." 

" Two Let re - of his to the King of Scots and one to Seer. 
Long." See pp. 253, 258 above. 

SIR HEN. WOOD. 

Margin. (75) " Dated Feb. 22, 1649." 

" Letter from the said Sr. Henry to Seer. Long concerning 
the Queen, her maintenance, &c." 

PRAGMATICUS [MARCHAMONT NEEDHAM], 

Margin. (76) " Dated March 23, March 30, 1649." 

" Two Let rs - of the said Pragmaticus to the King of Scots 
concerning occurrences. Vide touching him before, No. 21. 
See Worcester papers, No. 175 above. 

LETTERS OF INTELLIGENCE. 

Margin. (77) " Endorsed delivered to me by the King's 
own hand." 

" From England sent in July 1649, seeming to be copies 
of Let 13 , from the Lord General Fairfax to Major Gen. Lambert, 
as is supposed." 

MASSE Y AND BROWNE. 

Margin. (78) " Minutes of orders." 
" Listing men in London under them." 

COUNTESS OF CARLISLE. 

Margin. (79) " Minutes of orders." 

" Blank acquittances sent about the 25 August to my 
Lady C. with particular sums." 

18 pp. (III. 627 sq.) 

In addition to the cipher mentioned on p. 7 above these 
volumes contain the following " keys " ; 



308 

Vol. II, p. 583. The Earl of Leicester's cipher for Robert 

Huggins. 
Vol. Ill, pp. 903-905. [Robert Sydney] Earl of Leicester's 

cipher. 

907-909. Secretary Coke, 1638. Sir Hen. Vane. 
911, 912. " My cifer with Sir Sackville Crow." 
916, 917. [Erasure.] Mr. Hale's. 
919-921. Cipher to be sent to Mr. Hopton in 
Spain and [in Hopton's hand] My Lord of 
Dorchester which I use with Sir BaHasar 
Gerbier, Anno 1641. [Sir Hen. Vane, 
cancelled.] 
923-926. Lord Aston. 

927-928. Mr. Tailor's last cifer. 
929-935. Cypher Mr. Sec. Windebanke. 

937, 938. My Lord Deputy of Ireland's cifre. 

941-943. Cypher which Sir Robert Anstruther 

and Mr. Hopton have, and Sir Isaak Wake. 

A duplicate of the cifer sent me by my Lord 

of Dorchester. 

945, 946. My cifre with my Lord Archbishop 

of Canterbury, 1639. 
949, 952. Mr. Jo. Tailor's cifer. 
953, 960. Mr. Secretary Windebank's cifre. 

[In Hopton's hand] The old Cipher. 
963, 965. Copy of the sipher. [In another 

hand] Mr. Rowlandson. 
967, 969. Mr. Rowlandson's cifer. 

971, 972. My Lord Goring's cypher. 19th May, 

1644. 

975-976. My cifer with the Earle of Leicester 

and the Lord Viscount Sleigo, sent under 
Mr. Sec. Coke's cover by Captain Bryan, 
1638, Nov. 7. 

This serves for Mr. Browne, Agent at Paris. 
,, 980, 981. My Lord Ambassador's cypher. 

983-987. My cifer with Sec. Windebank sent 
unto him the f [sic] Sept., 1638, by Cap. 
Tenchfield in the Mary Rose wh. is that we 
make use of. 
The above names are from the respective endorsements. 

Those in Vol. III. are almost all ciphers used by Sir Arthur 
Hopton during his embassy to Spain ; and most of them are 
endorsed in his hand. 



Each volume of the Papers contains a title page in 
Mr. Samuel Pepys' writing, with print of his portrait by Kneller 
as bookplate, below which " The gift of my hon d , and learned 
Friend John Evelyn, Esqre., of Says -Court." The third volume 
concludes with a rough index in the same hand. To the reverse 
of the plan in Vol. II, p. 762, and in Vol. Ill, facing p. 903, is 
affixed a plate of his cipher with the fouled anchors of the 
Admiralty. Both plates have his motto, Mens cujusque is est 
auisaue. 



309 



INDEX 



Abbeville [France], 122. 

letter dated from, 213. 
Abdey, John, lends money to T. Killi- 

grew in Italy, 263. 
Aborough, William, a trader in 

Russia, 143. 
Abruzzia, home of Marc. Anth. 

Colonna, 45. 
Accoli, Benedict, tries to kill 

Pius IV, 42, 47, 48. 
baths of, 56. 

Adderbury [Oxon], parsonage of, 89. 
Admiralty : 

6f Charles I, 280. 
6f Charles II, 262. 
Court of, for Scilly, 231. 

, 222, 285. 

, at Dunkirk, 286. 

, , Registrar of. See 

Norgate. 

Adrets (Adr esses), Francois de Beau- 
mont, Baron des, his reported 
defeat by Deux Fonts, 157. 
Aerschot, Duke of. See Croy, Philip 

de. 

Africa, use of ports in, promised 
to Charles II by Portugal, 
253. 

Agamias and Spitewed [an allusion 
to Queen Elizabeth's mar- 
riage], 67. 
Agria. See Erlau. 
Aix [Provence], Charles IX at, 31, 

32. 
Aix-la-Chapelle, Aachen, letter dated 

from, 125. 
baths of, 56. 
Ajaccio [Corsica], 47. 
Albane, George, ambassador of 
Maximilian II, dies at Con- 
stantinople, 51. 

Albert V, Duke of Bavaria, 83, 99. 
refuses to aid Papists, 127. 



Albert, Dr., of Bremen. See Harden- 

berg. 

Albuquerque (Alberkerke), Gabriel 
de la Cueva, Duke of, 
Governor of Milan, 55. 
Aldenham [Herts], letter dated from, 

269. 
Ale and beer for Queen Elizabeth's 

Progress, 179. 
Alengon, Francis, Duke of, 75. And 

see Anjou. 
in charge of Paris, with 

Montmorency, 135. 
council of, 163. 
Alexander, Mr., 68. 
Alexander Oeg. See McDonell. 
Alexis, Emperor of Russia, 286, 302. 
Algar, William, arrested at Antwerp 

by Alva, 172. 
Algeria, designs of Philip II upon, 

115. 

Governor of, taken by him, 45. 
, his son-in-law at Con- 
stantinople, 45. 
Algiers (Argealles), 26. 

galleys of king of, 61. 
Allen : 

Edmund [?], a Protestant divine, 

3. 

Capt. Thomas, instructions for, 
209. 

, letter from, 289. 

Thomas, a Parliamentary spy, 

letter from, 264. 
Alley: 

Richard, seizes a Dutchman 
in London who had conveyed 
Royalists to Holland, 266. 
William, Bishop of Exeter, 

letter from, 50. 
Alluey, Alluy, M., Secretary to 

Charles IX, 29. 

Alnwick [Northumberland], 76. 
letters dated from, 66, 67, 78. 
Alphonso [X, King of Leon and 
Castile], an astronomer, 270. 
Alps, the, 84. 
Alt' Emps : 

Annibale, Count [Sitticus], 36- 
38, 41, 45, 60. 

, marriage of,41. 49. 

, sister of, 36, 38. 



310 



Alt' Emps cont. 

Cardinal [Marcus Sitticus], sent 

to condole with Maximilian, 29. 

, to succeed Borromeo, 41. 

Alum, for Rouen, taken by corsairs, 

29. 

made by Lord Mountjoy, 185. 
Alva, Ferdinand Alvarez de Toledo, 

Duke of, 80, 93, 100, 103, 

106, 119, 120, 129, 135, 148, 

156, 158, 159. 
meets Catherine de Medici at 

Bayonne, 110. 
makes excuses to Maximilian 

for execution of Egmont and 

Horn, 119. 
defeats Louis of Nassau at 

Jemmingen, 124, 125. 
sends a Walloon spy into Kent, 

126. 

a practice against, 127. 
will cede Metz to the Alle- 

mains, 147. 
tries to get ships in Holland, 

154. 

on French frontier, 159. 
Alvey [? Richard], a Protestant 

divine, 2. 
Amalfi, Ottavio d'Arragona, Due 

de, Prince Piccolomini, 

Austrian Field Marshal, 201, 

231, 235. 

advises Charles II, 254. 
Ambassadors : 

arrive at Vienna on death of 

Ferdinand I, 30. 
Prince Charles sends, to 

Louis XIV, 252. 
English to France. See Norreys. 

See Smith, Sir T. See Brown, 

SirR. 

, ill informed, 33. 

, plate and apparel needed 

by, 18. 
-, treatment of, 105. 



English to Imperial Court. See 

FitzAlan, Henry. See Rad- 

cliffe, Thos. 
to Spain. eeChaloner. See 

Hopton. See Man. 

to Turkey, 298. 

(Parliamentarian) to 

Holland. See Dorislaus. See 

St. John, Oliver. 
French, to Denmark, 4. 

to Elector Palatine, 109. 

to Emperor, 45. 

to England. See Evreux, 

Bishop of. See Mauvissiere. 

See La Nocle. See Ram- 

bouillet. See Fenelon. 
, servant of, imprisoned, 29. 



Ambassadors : French cont. 

, wine free of duty for, 146. 

, allowed freedom of wor- 
ship, 163. 

French to Portugal, recalled, 
114. 

- to Pope, 22, 26, 27, 40. 
to Scotland. See du 



Spain [de Fourque- 



Croc. 

to 

vaulx], 115. 

to Vienna, recalled, 45. 

and Spanish at Rome, 

precedency of, 20-22, 26, 40. 

Imperial to Sultan, 51. 

at Rome, 20, 46. 

Maltese to Rome, 59. 
Polish to Spain, 115. 
Portuguese to Spain, 81. 

to Holland, 256. 

Scots', Mary Queen of, to Paris, 

106, 108 ; to Rome, 65. 
Spanish to England. See de la 

Quadra. See d'Espes. 
to France, 45, 99. 

to Genoa, 46. 

to Hungary, 69. 

to Rome, 20-22, 26, 45, 59. 

Swiss to Rome, 60. 
Turkish to France, 61. 
Venetian to England, desir- 
ability of, 8. 

to France, 200. 

Amboise, Clermont de, 123. 
Amboise, sur Loire 139. 

letter dated from, 165. 
Amias, Mr., carver to Charles II, 

255. 
Amiens, Protestants murdered at, 

117. 
Amsterdam, 5, 103, 205, 263, 272, 

275. 
letters dated from, 204, 263, 

275, 286, 288, 302. 
English merchants ill-used at, 

148. 

Herrle at, 4. 
merchants of, recover their 

goods, 286, 291. 
ships for Charles I at, 204. 
Ancona [Italy], Count Alt'emps 

Governor of, 45. 

Andelot, Frangois de, 11, 100, 111. 
at Geneva, 19. 

commands French infantry, 106. 
at Paris, 107. 

skirmishes with Martigues, 134. 
crosses Loire, 134. 
Andernach [Germany], 82, 133. 
Anderson : 

Edmund, of Hull, 201. 
Sir Edmond, his son, 201. 



311 



Andover, Lord. See Howard, 

Charles. 
Andrews, Andrewes, John, 209. 

Groom of the Chamber to 

Charles II, 255. 

Angosciolo, Count, murdered, 48. 
Anjou, Dukes of : 

Francis, also Duke of Alencon, 
75. 

, defeat of by Coligny 

reported, 155. 
-, movements of, 161, 163, 



164. 
Henry, 75, 107, 109, 111, 117, 

121, 161, 166. 

, movements of, 130. 

at Poitiers, 136, 138, 139. 

. credit of, increases, 174. 

Anjou, " Ange de Maine" [France], 87. 
Ankerwick [Bucks], Queen Elizabeth 

visits Sir T. Smith's house 

at, 67. 
Anna, Countess of East Friesland, 

43. 

letter from, 53. 

composition offered to mer- 
chants, 73. 
claims of, 183. 
Anne, daughter of Maximilian II, 

to marry Don Carlos, 38, 102. 
to marry Philip II, 162. 
Anstrather, Sir Robert, cipher of, 

308. 
Anticimenon, book by Bishop Alley, 

50. 

Antonio de Toledo , D on . See Toledo . 
Antwerp, 3, 4, 8, 54, 64, 65, 124, 

131, 148, 180, 238, 265, 280, 

303. 
letters dated from, 17, 28, 44, 

47, 50, 69, 128, 131, 137, 282, 

286, 298. 

advices from, 135. 
amity of, to England, 28. 
arms sent to Scotland from, 69. 
arrest of English merchants at, 

by Alva, 172. 
Bloody Commission at, 131. 
Bourse at, 131. 
Burgomaster and Council of, 

letter from, on trade with 

England, 28. 
compared with Emden as a 

market for English goods, 23, 

38 sq. 

Duke of York at, 247. 
Governor of [Mansfeld, Peter 

Ernest], 65. 

Guilds keep ward at, 136. 
Interim decreed at, 4. 
Mavan, Jan, " Margrave " of, 

172. 



Antwerp cont. 

merchants of, hostile to English 

14, 23. 

proclamation at, 131. 
Protestants and Papists at, 98, 

100, 131. 

sanitation of 5 185. 

scarcity at, 69. 
schoolmasters, Protestant, per 

secuted at, 131. 
soldiers for Scotland to be levied 

at, 69. 

" Town House " at, 131 
trade with, 56. 
troops of Alva at, 130. 
Appleby [Westmorland], letters 

dated from, 275, 290. 
Appleyard, John, 103, 119. 
letter to, 80. 
story of his interview at Hamp 

ton Court, 111 sq. 
Apsley, Colonel James, 274. 
instructions to, 214, 241. 
movements of, 209, 215. 
to command ships sent to relieve 

Walmer, 280. 
Apulia [Italy], 37, 45, 52. 

invaded by Turks, 53. 
Aquila, Bishop of. See De la 

Quadra. 
Archer, Sir Anthony, commission 

for, 280. 

Arco, Olivero d', in England, 36, 38. 
Arde, the [County Down], 87. 
Ardein, Forest of [near St. Valery 

en Caux, France], 122. 
Ardglass, Arglass [Ireland], 87. 
Argolie [Corsica, Argogliolo ?], 42. 
Argyle: 

Earl of, Marquis of. See 

Campbell. 
Arian heresy affirmed by Mr. 

Smythe, 145. 
Arians, the, 145. 
Arlington, Henry, Earl of. See 

Bennett. 

Armada, the Spanish, 181. 
Armagh [Ireland], Archbishop of. 

See Loftus, Adam. 
Dean of. See Daniel, Terence. 
Armour, for Earl of Leicester, 44, 

46, 50. 

Arms sent from Antwerp to Scot- 
land, 69. 
Arnes [? Arnay le Due, France], 

Due d'Aumale at, 138. 
Arran, Earl of. See Hamilton, James. 
Arston [? Astley], Sir Isaac, 279. 
Arthur, Captain John, letter from, 

273. 

thanked for services at Scilly, 
230. 



312 



Artois [France], 265. 
Arundel, Earls of. See Fitzalan, 
Henry. See Howard, Henry- 
Frederick. 

Arundell, [Sir] John, Governor of 
Pendennis Castle, letter from, 
289. 
Aschaffenburg [Germany], letter 

dated from, 231. 
Ascoli, Ascoly [Italy], exiles from, 

36, 38. 
Assembly of Catholics in Ireland, 

291. 

Assherrydge [? Mr.], 102. 
Asshley, Christopher, letter from, 

180. 
Assincourt de. See Montmorency, 

Philip. 

Assonvilla [Christopher] de, 64, 86. 
sent to John Shers, 15. 
conversation of, with Lord Mon- 
tague, 57. 
Astley : 

Herbert, dean of Norwich, 175. 
Jacob, Lord, commission for 

and letters to, 279. 
As[h]ton, Edward, petition of, to 

go to Ireland, 288. 
Astronomy. See Flamsteed, John. 
Athashele Abbey [co. Tipperary], 

34. 

Athlone, Alone, garrison in, 25. 
Attaya, van, Viglius. See Viglius. 
Aubigny : 

Esme Stewart, Seigneur d', 97. 
Lady Katharine, letters from, 

204, 273, 306. 

Aubrey, William, letter from, 88. 
Augsburg [Bavaria], 45, 236. 
letters dated from, 82, 119. 
Confession of, 4, 136. 
Emperor Maximilian at Diet of, 

85. 

Aumale, Due [Claude] de, 161. 
a good horseman, 17. 
thanks the Earl of Leicester for 
kindness to his brother in 
England, 29. 
at Metz, 137. 
movements of, 138, 144, 149, 

150. 
Au[e]rbach [Bavaria], Wrangel at, 

235. 

Austian, Mr., a Protestant divine, 3. 
Austria, 23. 

in Thirty Years' War, 232, 233. 
Ferdinand, Archduke of, 19, 

54. 

Austrian Princes, 23. 
Austrode. See Hoogstraten. 
Avala, Cesar de, brother of Mar- 
quis of Pescara, a soldier, 61. 



Aveline, Jean Le Moyne, of the 

Court of Admiralty at 

Dieppe, orders sale of two 

English ships, 193. 
Avignon [France], 32, 45, 106. 
letter dated from, 31. 
given by the Pope to Spain, 106. 
Avila, Don Pedro de, 62. 
Aylesbury [Bucks], 179. 
Aylesford [Kent], letter dated from, 

203. 
Ayr, the Sheriff of, taken at Langside, 

118. 
Ay ton, Mr., Gentleman Usher to 

Charles II, 252, 255. 
Azores, Indies fleet expected at, by 

Hawkins, 173. 
use of ports in, granted to 

Charles II by Portugal, 253. 



B 



B., letter subscribed, 289. 
Bacharach, Bachrag [Germany], 83. 
Bacon : 

Sir Francis, letter to, 281. 
Sir Nicholas, Lord Chancellor, 
78. 

, letter enclosed for, 78. 

Mr., huntsman to Charles II, 

256. 
Baden: 

Cecilia, Margravine of, Infanta 
of Sweden, 75, 79, 82, 162. 

, letters from, 56, 187. 

, at Francis, Earl of Bed- 
ford's house, 70. 
-, sends ring to Queen 



Elizabeth, 187. 
Christopher, Margrave of, 162. 

, letters from, 75, 82. 
, his brother [Philibert] at 

Metz, 162. 

, his son, 82. 

-, imprisoned at Rochester, 



82. 
one of the Margraves of, 153. 

Baden [Germany], letter dated from, 
75. 

Baden-Durlach, Frederick VI, Mar- 
grave of, 234. 

Bagenall, Sir Ralph, letter from, 
135. 

Bagnal, Sir Nicholas, 86, 87. 

Baker, Mrs., of Brussels, 243. 

Balbastro [Spain], letters dated from, 
13, 41. 



313 



Baldo, Antonio, an engraver, 178. 
Ballantine, Sir William, com- 
mended to Christina, Queen 
of Sweden, 232. 
receives authority from 

Charles II, 306. 
Ballingtoucher [? Ballingtocher, co. 

Down], 87. 

Bamberg [Bavaria], 234, 235. 
Ban, the, and Arriere Ban summoned, 

138. 
Banbury, second Earl of. See 

Knollys. 

Banbury, [Oxon], 179. 
Baptist a, John, a messenger from 

Scotland, 32. 
Bar-sur-Oise [France], William of 

Orange at, 142. 

Barbara, daughter of Emperor 
Ferdinand I rejected by Duke 
of Ferrara, 27. 

Barbary pirate hired by France, 154. 
Barbe . . ., Earl of, with Orange, 

133. 
Barbiceux, M. de, levies troops. 

in Champagne, 138. 
Barcelona [Spain], 54. 
Alva at, 100. 
Chaloner at, 30. 
Colonna's galleys at, 20. 
Bard, Henry, Lord Bellamont, goes 

i to Scotland, 264. 
Bargrave, Robert, letter to, 281. 
Bari, (Barry) [Italy], demanded 
from Philip II by Sigismund 
II, 115. 

Barlemont, Berlaymont, Charles 
de, present at audience of 
Shers with Lady Regent, 
14-17. 

his son killed, 135. 
Barlow, Francis, servant to Shers, 

33. 

Barnaby, Thomas, 97, 102, 113. 
letters from, 18, 98, 106. 
Norreys dissatisfied with, 104. 
arrested for debt at Paris, 105. 
imprisoned there, 133. 
Barne[s], Sir George, alderman of 

London, 143. 
Barnstaple [Devonshire], 245. 

letter dated from, 278. 
Baroncelli, Thomasso, letters from, 
44, 50. 

to, 46. 

his daughter, the Earl of 

Leicester's Godchild, 50. 
his wife, 44, 47. 
Barry. See Bari. 
Bastia [Corsica], John Andrew 

Doria at, 41. 
Bateras, lieutenant to Danville, 33. 



Bath and Wells, Blishop of. See 

Berkeley, Gilbert. 
Batten, Sir W., 231, 232, 294. 
letter from, 274. 
letters to, 283, 291. 
to be vice-admiral of Royalist 

fleet, 292. 
resigns command in Royalist 

fleet, 235. 
pass for, from Holland to 

England, 285. 
Battorj [Stephen], a Hungarian 

general, 36, 37. 
Bavaria : 

Duchess of, 19. 

Dukes of. See Albert V. See 

Maximilian I. 
troops of, in Palatinate (1648), 

231, 241. 
Bavario, Captain of Pietro Corso, 

slain, 29. 
Bayonne [France], 49, 52, 54. 

Alva and Catherine de Medici at, 

110. 
Baxter, Capt., pass for, from 

Rotterdam to London and 

back, 276. 
Beaton, Bethune, Beton : 

James, Bishop of Glasgow, at 

Paris, 106, 108. 
Mary, Maid of Honour to Mary, 

Queen of Scots, 12. 
Beauchamp, Richard, Earl of War- 
wick and his wife Elizabeth, 

186. 

Beaulme [Beaume, France], 160. 
Beauvais, M. de, 29. 
Beaux [? Les Baux, France], 138. 
Bedford, Francis, second Earl of. 

See Russell, Francis. 
Beek, Mr., a correspondent of Lady 

Carlisle, 296. 

Begles Bey of Damascus, 116. 
Bell, Thomas, lends money to Prince 

Charles, 285. 

Bellamont, Lord. See Bard, Henry. 
Bellenden, William, Lord, letter 

from, 292. 
Bellingham, Sir Edward, Lord 

Deputy in Ireland, 25. 
Bendish, Sir Thomas, Ambassador 

at Constantinople, letters 

from, 298. 

Bennett,Henry,Earl of Arlington, 268. 
Bergen [Norway], prerogative 

granted to Bremen, 5. 
Bergh, Count Van den, vom 

Berghen, 131, 133. 
Berghes, Marquis of, 47. 
Bergstrasse, on the Rhine, money 

for "reluition" of provided 

by Innocent X, 236. 



314 



Berkeley, Barkely : 

Sir Charles, Controller of House- 
hold of Prince Charles, 242. 

, his son Charles to have 

appointment in the same. 242. 

Edward, pass for, to France, 
276. 

Gilbert, Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, letter from, 157. 

Sir John, letters from, 221, 224, 
247, 260. 

, letter to, 282. 

, endorses letter, 206. 

, governor to James, Duke 

of York, 219. 

, accounts of, 260. 



, patent to, as Treasurer 

in Virginia, 284, 302. 
Mr., letter on behalf of, 280. 

, order for, 282. 

Lady Katharyne [wife of Henry, 

Earl of], letter from, 181. 

, her cousin George, 181. 

Sir Morris, 185. 
Thomas, Earl, 186. 
Berkshire, 182, 183. 

lands in fee in, 188, 189. 
Berne [Switzerland], given to Duke 

of Savoy, 32, 42. 
Bertana, Bertano : 

Signora Lucia, 24. 
Gurone, 24, 26, 27, 28. 

, letters from, 19, 27. 

Bertie, Berti : 

Catharine, widow of Charles 

Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, 

letter from, 71. 
Francis, going to Antwerp about 

salt, 51. 
Peregrine, Lord Willoughby 

de Eresby, going to Flushing, 

180. 
Richard, husband of Catherine, 

Duchess of Suffolk, 71. 

, postscript from, 72. 

Bertram, Serjeant-Major, at Dun- 
kirk, 201. 
Berwick-on-Tweed, 57, 80, 173, 226, 

229. 
letters dated from, 53, 67-70, 

72, 75, 77, 79, 145. 
garrison of unpaid, 79. 
governorship of, 145. 
should be fortified, 53, 104. 
soldiers from, in Ireland, 92. 
victualling of, with prices of 

commodities, 190. 
weather endangers bridge at, 72. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Bethell, Colonel, asked to declare 

for Charles I, 272. 
Bicester, Byssitor [Oxon], 179. 



Bigare, a castle near Chatelherault 
[France], taken by Conde, 
139. 

Bilbao [Spain], passage to, 35. 
Billings, Edward, a Quaker, letter 

from, 268. 
Bindon [Dorset], letter dated from, 

68. 
Bing, Captain, refuses to give 

account of prizes, 262. 
Prince Charles' appeal for, 286. 
Bingen, Bing, Binge [Germany], 83. 
Biron, John, Lord. See Byron. 
Bisham [Berks], 179. 
Bishops, Roman Catholic [in Ire- 
land], letter from, 291. 
Bishop's Waltham [Hampshire], 

letter dated from, 136, 162. 
sickness at, 162. 
Black Forest, Turenne's troops near, 

235. 
Black Notley [Essex], letter dated 

from, 269. 

Blacston, Marmaduke, his suit 
for advowson of Greatham 
Hospital, 154. 
Blagg, Blague : 

Thomas, Groom of Bedchamber 
to Charles II, 256, 300. 

, letter from, 304. 

, letters to, 279, 304. 

Colonel, 303. 

, commission for, 279. 

Blissart : 

Francis, interested in the James, 

194. 
Thomas, interested in ships 

seized by the French, 193. 
Bloody Commission, the, 131. 
Bloudworth, Thos., engagement of 
Prince Charles to, for money 
paid, 285. 
Blount : 

Christopher, letter to, 180. 
James, Viscount Mount joy, 

letter from, 185. 
Thomas, 103. 

, letters from, 3, 111. 

, letter to, 3. 

, examined in case of Amy 

Robsart, 111, 112. 
" Blythe Entring " in Brabant, 183. 
Bocral, de [Brocarde], Governor of 

Orleans, 113. 

Bodices for Queen Elizabeth, 46. 
Boeue, John, of Middelburg, letter 

from, 287. 
money due to, 287. 
Bohemia, 232, 234, 235. 

Queen of, Elizabeth, 242. 

, letter from, 208. 

Bois-le-duc. See Hertoghenbosch. 



315 



Bollen[s], James, letter from, offer- 
ing to bring vessels from 
England to Prince Charles, 
273. 

commission for, 283, 302. 
Bologna [Italy], 28. 

a lady of, 24. 
Bolton Castle [Yorks], letter dated 

from, 123. 
Bona [Sforza], wife of Sigismund I 

of Poland, 115. 
Bonavidiz, Don de, quarrels with 

de Frenz, 55. 
Bond, Mr. [Denis], Clerk to the 

Council of State, 294. 
Bonifacio [Corsica], 61. 
Bonn, Bonne [Germany], 82. 
Bonnealls, Samuel, lent money to 
Thos. Killigrew in Italy, 
263. 

Bontemps, Jacob, Captain in French 
Navy, seizes two English 
ships, 193. 
Books : 

heretical, at Oxford, 166. 
Alley's Anticimenon, 50. 
Gregory's Elementa Astrono- 

miae, etc., 269. 

Halley's Theory of the Varia- 
tions, 269. 
, La Chapelle's, on death of 

Charles I, 258. 

New Examination, the, 88, 89. 
Newton's Principia, 269. 
Ray's Historia Plantarum, 269. 
Wishart's Res Gestae, to be 

suppressed, 207, 208. 
translation of [?] the Eikon 

BasiUke, 258. 
Boosey, John, warrant for arrest 

of, 200. 
Booth, Wm., commission for, as King's 

factor at Calais, 291. 
Boppard (Pobert) [Germany], 83. 
Bordeaux, 97. 

vessels prepared at, 126. 
Borkom, Burkom, Island of [North 
Sea], troops in, maintained 
for King Charles I, 233. 
Borromei, Borromeo, Carlo, Car- 
dinal, great - nephew of 
Pius IV, his [half-]sister 
[Hortensia] marries, 20, 41, 
49. 
meetings of Cardinals at his 

house, 20. 

reduces expenses, 28. 
Bossu, M., 74. 
Boston, Captain, commission for, 

290. 

Boston [Lincolnshire], wine duties 
at, 190. 



Boswell : 

Humphrey, instructions for, 211. 

, letters to, 272, 279, 298. 

, resident for Prince Charles 

at the Hague, 232. 
-, to receive 100Z., 281. 



Major, 301, 

Sir William, 218, 260, 293. 

, letters from, 275, 283, 

290. 
, to, 204, 219, 286, 

288, 293, 294. 
, instructions to, 216, 217, 

219. 

, particular of his loan, 273. 

speech of, to States 



General, 287. 
Bothwell, James Hepburn, Earl of. 

See Hepburn. 

Bouchevannes [Antoine de Bayan- 
court], lieutenant to Conde, 
125. 
Boulogne[-sur-Mer], 80, 161, 205. 

proclamation dated from, 129. 
' Admiralty Court at, 205. 
garrison at, doubled, 126. 
Governor of, 206. 
prepared for war, 40. 
ships brought into, by Roval- 

ists, 205. 
Bourbon : 

Cardinal of. See Charles, 

Cardinal. 

Charles, Duke of, Constable of 
France, his rebellion against 
Francis I, 152. 
Louis de, Due de Montpensier. 

See Montpensier. 
Bourbon [France], Henrietta Maria 

at, 287. 

Bourdillon, Burdillion, M., 74. 
Bowes, Sir George, lends a horse for 

Mary, Queen of Scots, 124. 
Boyle : 

Robert, appointment of game- 
keepers by, 268. 
Roger, Lord Broghill, 297. 

, letter to, 297. 

, pardoned by Charles II, 

297. 

, [Margaret], his wife, 

272, 297. 
Boynton, Bointon : 

Colonel Cornelius, 221, 293 
, commission for, to com- 
mand regiment of horse in 
Yorks, 294. 

Colonel Matthew, Governor of 
Scarborough Castle, 272, 293. 

, letters from, 273, 274. 

, to, 220, 221, 283, 

293. 



316 



Boys, Sir John, 276. 
Brabant, four head towns of, 
remembrance against the 
breach of the Joyeuse En- 
tree, 183. 

Bradborne, Mr., 55. 
Brady, Hugh, Bishop of Meath, 64. 

petition from, 43. 
Braemes : 

Arnold, commission for, 280. 
Capt. Walter, 280. 

, petition of, 274. 

Braham, Richard, letters from, 286, 

298. 

[Brahe,] Tycho, astronomer, 270. 
Bramhall, John, Bishop of London- 
derry, letter to, 252. 
Brandenburg : 

Frederick William, Margrave 
of, appealed to for Charles II, 
257. 

, his chamberlain, 254. 

George Frederick, Margrave of, 
153, 165. 

, letter from, mentioned, 

164. 

Louise, Electress of, claims pre- 
cedence over Mary, Princess 
Royal of England, 205. 
Bray [Berks], 188. 
Braye, Brey, Mr., Groom of Bed- 
chamber to Charles II, 255. 
letter to, 303. 

Brecknock [Wales], murder at, 36, 
Breda, 129. 
Brederode, Henry, Viscount de, 97, 

100, 103. 
proposed marriage of his 

widow, 15.4. 
Breisach, Breissiche [Germany], 

William of Orange at, 133. 
See also Brisacke. 
Brele, near Lyons, 122. 
Bremen [Germany], 148. 

converted by Hardenberg, 4. 

Herrle at, 6. 

Provost of, 6. 

refuses to lend money to 

Emperor, 4. 
support of, solicited for 

Charles II, 258. 
takes toll on English goods, 6. 
Brentford, (Bramford), Patrick 
Ruthven, Earl of. See 
Ruthven. 

Bretten, Pretta [Baden], 84. 
Breue-la-Galiarde [France], Anjou 

at, 163. 
Briague, M., Governor of Lyons, 

122. 

Bridgwater [Somersetshire], wine 
duties at, 190. 



Governor of [Colonel Windham], 

204. 

Brigantyne, Mr., 4. 
Brill, Briel, Island of [Nether- 

lands], 220, 292. 
letters dated from, 224, 275. 
Shrive of, 231. 

Brisacke, Charles de Cosse, Mar- 
shal, brother of de Gonor, 
18, 136-139. 

sent against the Reiters, 129. 
Bristol [Gloucestershire], 204. 
letter dated from, 204. 
proposal for the Mayor of to 

farm the Customs at, 192. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Brittanny, arquebusiers levied in, for 

Scotland, 125. 
ships at, likely to convey troops 

to Scotland, 126. 

Broghill, Lord and Lady. See Boyle. 
Broughton, George, 68. 
Brown, Browne : 

, enlists men in London, 

307. 

Anthony, Viscount Montague, 
56. 

, letters from, 57, 86. 

, Sir, letter from about 

prizes, 289. 
-, warrant to, for sale of guns, 



305. 
Captain, takes a Dover shallop 

bound for Calais, 225, 228, 232, 
Francis, Viscount Montague , 

letter from, 201. 
Jeffrey, Mr., letters from, 291, 

305. 

Colonel John, letter to, 203. 
John, letter from, 165. 
Justice, 102. 
Major-General, 293. 

, letter to, 298. 

Sir Richard, resident in Paris, 

258, 302. 

, letter from, 303. 

, to, 200, 202, 204. 



-, cipher of, 308. 



Captain Thomas, commission to, 

for the Loyal Susan, 280. 
Vallentin, 79. 
Bruges [Flanders], 51, 131, 264. 

letters dated from, 55-57, 64, 

86, 88. 
English traders to be banished 

from, 23. 

Royalists at, 264, 265. 
[France], Duke of Anjou at, 161. 
Brunero, Sign or, of Furlimpoli, 37. 
Brunswick [Germany], 4. 

Christian Louis, Duke of 
Brunswick-Luneburgj 257. 



317 



nswick [Germany] cont. 
Eric, Duke of Calenberg-] 



Brunswick t 

o -Bruns- 
wick, 148. 

Heinrich, Duke of Brunswick- 
Luneburg, 5. 

, letters from, 10, 34. 

-, offers troops to Elizabeth, 



10. 



-, his seal, 21. 

-, helps William of Orange, 



125, 128. 
Bruschetto : 

Antonio, in London, 21. 

, letter wrongly endorsed 

as from him, 24. 
Sebastiano, 50. 

, letters from, 24, 26, 27. 

Brussels, 5, 50, 64, 135, 136, 264, 

265, 280, 282. 
letters dated from, 7, 14, 206, 

215, 218, 243, 256. 
Charles II at, 259. 
Constables of, letter from, 259. 
Duke of York at, 247. 
Margaret of Parma at, 101. 
Protestants preach near, 98. 
Troisbrucke in, 243. 
Bryan, Captain, bearer of a cipher, 

308. 

Bryotte, Governor of Rouen, 121. 

Buck, George, of Stalbridge, 

appointed gamekeeper of that 

manor, 268. 

Buckhurst, Thomas, Baron. See 

Sackville, Thomas. 
Buckingham, second Duke of. See 

Villiers, George. 
Buckingham, 179. 
Buckinghamshire, lands in fee in, 

188, 189. 

Budweis [Austria], 234. 
Bulkeley [?]. See Bunckly. 
Bullard, Walter, of Great Yarmouth, 

commission for, 282. 
Buller : 

Anthony, Colonel, letters to, 
273, 274. 

, taken atScilly,230,273,274. 
Pierce, letter from, 273. 
Bunckly [? Bulkeley], Major, certi- 
ficate concerning his killing 
a man, 289. 

Buncks, Mr., promised 2,300Z. for 
proprietors of sugar in the 
Elizabeth and Susan, 284. 
Buren, Count Philip of, son of 
William of Orange, in Spain, 
115. 

Burges, Mr., Groom of Privy 
Chamber to Charles II, 256. 
Burgh, Ulick, Marquis of Clan- 
ricarde, letter from, 291. 



Burgo, the [at Malta], 65. 

Burgos [Spain], 54. 

Burgues, James, servant to Guerau 

d'Espes, 136. 

Burgundy, Cardinal Gran velle in, 69 
House of , disliked by Frederick II 

of Denmark, 8. 
threatened by Spain and the 

Emperor, 106. 
people of unfriendly to England, 

Burlace, William, servant to the 

Earl of Warwick, 55. 
at Milan, 114. 
Burleigh, Captain, attempts to 

rescue Charles I, 284. 
Burnham [Bucks], 188, 189. 
Burton, Piers, saddler, delivery of 

velvet to, 1. 
Burton [? -on-Trent], Earl of 

Leicester at, 103. 
Busia in Algeria [? Bougie, Bougiah], 

115. 

Buskit, Mr., a Protestant divine, 2. 
Butler : 

Elizabeth, Marchioness of 
Ormond, 299. 

, at Caen, 248. 

James, first Marquis and Duke 
of Ormond, 241, 246, 249, 
257, 289, 299, 300, 304. 

, letters from, 248, 272, 274- 

276, 290, 291, 297. 

, to, 212, 237, 242, 

253, 264, 281, 284, 285, 291, 
292, 297. 
-, thanked for his care of 



Scilly, 227. 
, informed of Prince 
Charles' intention to go to 
Ireland, 227. 
, Apsley sent to, 241. 
-, treats with French and 



Spanish agents in Ireland, 

249. 
, to treat with Portuguese 

agent there, 253. 
, advised of Cromwell's 

going to Ireland, 260. 
, arms for, 260. 

, reports state of Ireland 

(May, 1649), 272. 
, going to Waterford with 

Prince Rupert, 272. 
, commends Lord Inchiquin 

and the Assembly of Munster 

to the Prince, 276. 

, at Cork, 277. 

-, probable result if defeated 



by Cromwell, 300. 
Richard, Lord Mountgarret, 
letter from, 29 L 



318 



Butler cont. 

Thomas, tenth Earl of Ormond, 
62, 63, 79, 90-92. 

, letter from, 34. 

Byron, Biron, John, Lord, 276. 

letters and instructions to, 248, 

283, 291. 

at the Hague, 227. 
sailing to Ireland, 249. 



Cabo de Gio [? the Cape Verde by 
Yof], seizure of ship on 
voyage to, 264. 
" Cadamosto," the, 36. 
Caen [France], Lady Ormond to be 

taken to Ireland from, 248. 
Caesar, Ceaser, an Italian rider at 

Madrid, 54. 

Calais, 80, 161, 210, 211, 213, 225, 228, 

232, 261, 262, 274, 279, 291. 

letters dated from, 214, 215, 

225, 279, 280, 282. 
burgesses of, give guns to Prince 

Charles, 225. 
Prince de Conde at, 40. 
garrison doubled at, 126. 
Governor of. See Courtebourne. 
making of gunpowder at, 1. 
merchants of, complain of acts 
of hostility, 225, 228, 232, 261. 
possibility of its recovery by 
England, 13, 102, 130, 156, 
159, 166. 

seizure of fisher boat of, 261. 
Treasurer of. See Conway. 
Calfyld [Calf hill, James], Dr., 155. 
recommended for Vice-Chancel- 
lorship of Oxford University, 
101. 
Callender, James, Earl of. See 

Livingstone, James. 
Calvin, Jean, extract from, 187. 
Calvinists, 4. 
Cambarse [? Chateau Cambresis, 

France], Alva at, 137. 
Cambray, Camcray [France], letter 

dated from, 247. 
Archbishop of, 85. 
Duke of York at, 247. 
Cambridge, University of, appoint- 
ment of Proctors at, 9. 

, to nominate chantry 

priest at Windsor, 1. 
-, Vice-Chancellor of [Dr. 



John May], 165. 

, Wyborne, Mr., of- 177. 



| Cambridge, University of cont. 

, Slaughter, Mr., of, 176. 

, St. John's College, Master 

of [Dr. Richard Longeworth], 
165. 

, , fellows of. See 

Fulke, William. See Mead 
[Mede, Elias]. 

, - , visitor of, Bishop 

of Ely, 165. 

Town, letters dated from, 157, 
165. 

, Mayor of [Miles Prance], 

165. 

County of, Lord Willoughby 
of Par ham to be Lt.-Gen. 
of, 281. 

, Isle of Ely in. See Ely. 

Camels presented to Elizabeth, 49. 
Campbell : 

Archibald, fourth Earl of 
Argyle, horses for, 12. 

, at Battle of Langside, 118. 

, more manageable than 

Herries, 119. 

, at Parliament at Glasgow, 

145. 

Archibald, Marquis of Argyle, 
254. 

, letters to, 243, 251, 284. 

, loses Stirling, 230, 275. 

, alarmed at growth of 

King's party, 299. 
John, Earl of Loudoun, letters 
from, 250, 252. 

, letters to, 242, 243, 252, 

284. 

Candale M. de, his son marries 
daughter of the Constable 
Montmorency, 107. 
Candia, 37. 

Cannstat, Constat [Wurtemburg], 84. 
Canozza, Count Antonio, tries to 

kill Pius IV, 42, 47, 48. 
Canterbury, Archbishops of. See 
Laud, William. See Parker, 
Matthew. 
Canterbury [Kent], Cardinal Chatil- 

lon at, 133. 

Cathedral, Ecclesiastical Judge 
at, 146. 

, Prebend at, 146, 181. 
Cantire [Scotland], 124. 
Capel,Arthur, Baron, letter from, 290. 
letter to, 225. 
at Colchester, 213. 
imprisoned at Windsor, 290. 
Cardinals, appointment of, 21, 37, 

40, 41, 45, 46, 52, 55. 
precedency of, 20-22, 26. 
Cardinal Infante. See Portugal, 
King Henry I of. 



319 



Carew, Geo., Dean of Windsor, 

letter from, 89. 
Carey : 

Henry, first Baron Hunsdon, 
letter from, 145. 

, at Paris, 29. 

, about to go abroad, 178. 

George, second Baron Hunsdon, 

letter from, 182. 
Caribbee Islands, 285, 306. 

Lord Marlborough in, 296. 
Carinthia, threatened by Turks, 85. 
Carisbrooke Castle [Isle of Wight], 

King Charles I at, 222-224. 
Carleton, Dudley, Viscount Dor- 
chester, cipher of, 308. 
Carlingford [co. Louth], 86. 
Carlisle, Lucy, Countess of. See 

Hay, Lucy. 
Carlisle [Cumberland], 66, 67, 123,124. 

letters dated from, 66. 
Carmichael, James, pass for, to 
carry letters to Scotland, 287. 
Carnyvallet, Carnivallet, M., 132. 
Madame, friend of Mary, Queen 

of Scots, 150. 
Carougis [Carouges], Governor of 

Rouen, deposed, 121. 
Carp^Mr., 254. See note p. 253. 
Carpi, Cardinal Rodolfo, dies, 19. 
Carrabullocke Park, Stokeclymsland 

[Cornwall], 245. 
Carranza, Bartholomew, Archbishop 

of Toledo, 46, 47.' 

Carrickfergus, Knockfergus [co. An- 
trim], 86, 87. 
Carron, Alexander, 86. 
Cartagena [Spain], 45, 100. 
Carteret : 

Edward, letter to, 279. 

Sir George, 230, 259, 274, 285. 

, letters from, 275, 287. 

, letters to, 285, 286, 292. 
Carus, Mr. Justice Thomas, 117, 118. 

letter from, 51. 
Casale of Montferrato [Italy], 

mentioned, 53. 
Casimir, John. See John. 
Cassel [Germany], 236. 
Cassillis, Casellis, Gilbert, fourth 
Earl of. See Kennedy, 
Gilbert. 

Castaglione, M., 50. 
Castaldo, Italian General, 36. 
Castel Ariano [Italy, ? Castellarano], 

41. 

Castiglione, Giovanni [Baptista], 36. 
Castille, King of, 21. 

Commendator of, 49. 
Constable of, letters to, 234, 237. 

, marriage of his daughter, 

Juana, 237. 



i Castle Cornet [Guernsey], 286, 287, 

292, 306.* 
letters dated from, 274, 276, 

290, 306. 
Castle Fyne [? Castlefinn, co. 

Donegal], 86. 
Castle Lever [? Lifter, Lifford, co. 

Donegal], 86. 
Castlehaven, James, Earl of. See 

Touchet. 

Castro, Rodrigo da, inquisitor, 46. 
Caswell, Mr., 269. 
Cathayia, nearer route to, 6. 
Cathcart, Lt. -Colonel, 229. 
Caub, Coue [Germany], 83. 
Caushot [? Calshot, Hants], 140. 
Cavaillon [Provence], adventure of 

a party at, 31. 

Cavalcanti, Guido, letters from, 8, 33. 
may go to Genoa, is going to 

Florence, 9. 

mentioned in London, 21. 
Cavallerizzo, Claudio, 190. 
Cave, Sir Ambrose, Chancellor of 

Duchy of Lancaster, 118. 
Cavendish, William, Marquis of 

Newcastle, 283, 290. 
letter from, 228. 

to, 307. 

poverty of, 228. 

Cecil, Sir William, 4, 7, 12, 15, 32, 
33, 41, 62, 67, 68, 79, 81, 117, 
118, 120, 123, 128, 136, 137, 
144, 152, 154, 156, 162. 
letters from, 28, 103, 119. 

- to, 22, 31,70, 121, 143, 182. 
on ratification of Treaty of 

Troyes, 29. 
questions of, to the Vintners' 

Company, 94. 
a cure for his gout, 103. 
his chaplain, Mr. John Welles, 

157. 

Cerbellone, Gabrio, 40. 
Ceses, Ceces, Coesi : 
Angelo de, 59. 

, his uncle Charles, 59. 
Cardinal, dies, 49. 
Cessford, Sir Walter Ker, Laird of, 
Warden of Middle Marches 
of Scotland, 70, 79, 101. 
Chaloner : 

Francis, 30. 

Sir Thomas, Ambassador at 
Madrid, letters from, 13, 24 
30, 35, 41, 49. 

, anxious to be recalled 

24, 30, 35, 49. 

, recommends a lute- 
player, 30. 
, his expenses, 35. 
, returns home, 54, 55. 



320 



Chalons, France": 

sur Marne [?], 146. 
sur Saone, 160. 
Chamberlayne : 

Francis, letter from, 80. 
George, 80. 
Champagne, Huguenot troops levied 

in, 138. 
Champernowne, Mr. Henry, letters 

from, 136, 148. 

Chancellorship of Duchy of Lan- 
caster, vacant, 117. 
Channel Islands, 281. See also 

Guernsey ; Jersey. 
Chantilly [France], Montmorency 

at, 11, 102, 107. 
letter dated from, 147. 
Charles I of England, 193, 200, 202, 
203, 205, 206, 208-210, 212, 
213, 215-221, 223-225, 227- 
230, 235, 240-251, 258, 260, 
272, 275, 277, 280, 284, 285, 
288, 290, 292, 293, 295-298, 
303-306. 
letter from, 193, 194, 200, 203, 

278 

letters to, 200, 298. 
remonstrates against severity of 
Conseil de Marine of France, 
194. 
ships loyal to, 209-211, 213-215, 

217 218 

life at Carisbrooke, 223, 224. 
attempted rescue there, 284. 

gratitude to Mrs. EW]hor- 

wood, concerned therein, 300. 

Charles, Prince of Wales (later 

Charles II), 221, 225-228, 

239-248, 250-256, 258-260, 

263, 266, 267, 272-274, 277, 
278, 285, 288, 289, 293-297, 
299-303, 

letters, commissions and war- 
rants from, 207-221, 224-230, 
232, 233, 237, 238, 240-244, 
247, 249, 251-253, 255, 262, 

264, 271, 272, 276, 278-287, 
289-298, 301, 302-305, 307. 

letters to, 202, 205-209, 212, 
215, 218-221, 224, 225, 228, 
230, 232, 238, 243, 245, 248, 
250-253, 256, 258, 259, 260, 
263, 271-278, 281, 286, 288- 
292, 294-298, 301, 304-307. 

holds goods of Amsterdam 
merchants, 204. 

tries to hire ships at Amsterdam, 
204. 

the Pelican and a dogger boat 
taken by his commission, 205. 

receives Ambassador of Duke of 
Mantua, 207. 



Charles, Prince of Wales (later 
Charles II) cont. 

his " Engagement " with the 

Scots, 207. 
requests suppression of Wis- 

hart's Res Gestae, 207. 
question of his remove into 

some part of his father's 

dominions, 208. 
intends to go to Holland, 209. 
and revolting Fleet, 209, sq. 220. 
orders of, as to Prizes, 210. 
appoints Lord Willoughby, 

conditionally, to command 

the Fleet, 210 sq. 
concessions of, to confederate 

Roman Catholics, 212. 
orders of, as to relief of Walmer 

Castle, 213-215. 
provides ammunition for army 

in Colchester, 213. 
at Abbeville, 213 ; at Calais, 214. 
tries to obtain frigates and am- 
munition from de Ransau, 214. 
at Helvoetsluys, 215. 
sends Gough to merchants of 

Rotterdam, 215, 222, 225, 271. 
asks loan from States-General, 

216. 
sends Cochrane to the King of 

Denmark, 218, 246; and to 

Duke of Courland, 230 
joins the Fleet, 218-220. 
stops ships bound for Holland, 

219. 
instructions of, to the Fleet 

and particular Captains, 209- 

211, 213-215, 220, 281, 283. 
tries to borrow ships from Prince 

of Orange, 220. 
treats with Committee of 

Estates in Scotland, 224, 226, 

227, 242, 244, 284. 
in relation to Ireland, 227, 241, 

248, 253,257. 
at the Hague, 226, sq. 
upon Battle of Preston, 225- 

227, 242, 272. 
takes a frigate of the Guinea 

Company, 271. 
upon Siege of Colchester, 213, 

225, 296. 

intends to go to Ireland, 227. 
anxious about Scilly, 227, 230, 

248. 

sends Gough to Duke of Lor- 
raine, 229, 233, and to Prince 

of Orange, 233. 
arranges for the pay and 

victualling of the Crescent, 230. 
expresses intention of returning 

to Jersey, 286. 



321 



Charles, Prince of Wales (later 
Charles II) cont. 

petitioned by owners of 
captured shallop, 232. 

gives orders as to Sir R. Walsh, 
237, 239. 

sells or pawns the Antelope, 285. 

makes agreement with de 
Reuz of Rotterdam, 239. 

instructions given to Apsley by, 
on his going to Ireland, 241. 

proclaimed at Guernsey, 276. 

advised to take English Green- 
land and Muscovy fleets, 301. 

corresponds with Marquis of 
Argyle and Earl of Loudoun, 
243, 250, 252. 

appeals to Italian princes and 
states, 244, 263. 

sends Lord Brentford to Scot- 
land,. 244. 

intercedes for Marquis of Hunt- 
ley, 252. 

appeals to Queen Christina of 
Sweden, 246, 253, 254, 292; 
and to Frederick III of Den- 
mark, 249, 288. 

writes to Lord Fairfax to restore 
Charles I, 247. 

is urged by Ormond to go to 
Ireland, 248. 

advised to accept Scotch pro- 
posals, 250, 252, 292, 296, 300. 

appeals to Court of France, 252, 
277. 

secures use of Portuguese ports 
for his Fleet, 252, 253. 

sends Cottington and Hyde to 
the King of Spain, 253, 256, 
306. 

orders Brentford to send arms 
from Sweden to Ireland, 253. 

intends to go to Ireland by 
Flanders and France, 253. 

pardons Lord Broghill, 297. 

issues commissions for Ire- 
land, and orders arrests there, 
257. 

sends Montrose to German 
princes and others, 257 sq. 

agreement of, with Dommer of 
Amsterdam, 263. 

at Brussels, 259. 

instructions of, as to Virginia, 262. 

appoints Consuls in Italy, 263. 

appeals to Russia, 286. 

list of his household in May, 

1649, 255. 

Charles, Archduke of Styria, 19, 42, 
79, 81, 109. 

Elizabeth's stipulations as to 
his religion, 78. 



Charles, Archduke of Styria cont. 
embarks for Spain, 137. 
to marry Juana, Princess of 

Portugal, and become Regent 

of the Netherlands or of 

Spain, 137. 

Charles Lewis, Elector Palatine, 231. 
Charles, Cardinal of Bourbon, 45, 

109, 110. 
Charles Fort, Salcombe [Devon], 

surrendered by Royalists, 277. 
Chartres [France], Vidame of [Jean 

de Ferrieres], at Geneva, 19. 
Chase, Mr. apothecary to Charles II, 

256. 
Chastelier, Mr. and Velutelli's goods, 

137. 
[Chateau Cambresis ?] Cambarse, 

France, 137. 
Chateaubriant [France], skirmish 

between Dandelot and 

Martigues, near, 134. 
Chateau-Thierry [France], 139. 

Charles IX at, 146. 
Chatelheraut, James, Duke of, Earl 

of Arran. See Hamilton, 

James. 

[France], 137-139, 166. 
Chatham [Kent], letter dated from, 

165. 
Chatillon, Cardinal of. See Coligny, 

Odet de. 
Chatillon, sur-Loing [France], burnt, 

135. 

, fighting at, 135. 

sur-Seine, 113. 
Chaumont [France], William of 

Orange near, 144, 
Chelmsford [Essex], 90. 
Chenies [Bucks], 179. 
Chequers, Chekers [Bucks], letter 

dated from, 95. 
Cherbourg [France], letter dated 

from, 306. 
Chester, 299. 

letter dated from, 148. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Chichester [Sussex], wine duties at, 

190. 

Chichester, Sir John, 50, 182. 
[Chiffinch] Chiffeanch, Thomas, 

Page of the Bedchamber to 

Charles II, 255. 
Mrs., seamstress to Charles II, 

256. 

Chigi, Fabio, Cardinal Nuncio, 235. 
China. See Cathayia. 
Christian, John, deposition of, 266. 
Christmas, Mr., 90. 
Church of England in Parliament, 

272. 
government of, 175, 177. 

p 21 



322 



Church, the Supremacy of, subject for 
disputation at Oxford, 155. 
Ciphers, keys to, 308. 
Civita Vecchia [Italy], 36, 38, 59. 

Corsairs near, 21. 
Clandeboye [co. Down], 86. 
Clanricarde, Ulick, Marquis of. See 

Burgh. 
Clare : 

Dr., Chaplain to Charles II, 

255. 
Mr. Peter, a man of credit with 

the Allemans, 150. 
Clark, Captain, Commander of San- 
down Castle, 276. 

Claudio, Master of the Horse to 
Lord Robert Dudley, 24, 27, 
28, 50. 

Clayburne, Capt. William, super- 
seded as Treasurer of 
Virginia, being for Parlia- 
ment, 302. 

Cleave, Cleves, William, Duke of, 85. 
promises good-will to Emden, 

23. 

Cleborne, Mr., 80. 
Clermoiit [France], besieged by 

Conde, 139. 
Clery, Mr., a pensioner of Chas. IX 

of France, 99. 
Cleveland, Earl of. See Wentworth, 

Thomas. 
Clinton : 

Edward Fiennes de, Baron, 
High Admiral, 72, 105, 111. 
Lady, 95. 

Mr., son to the above, 105. 
Clonmel [co. Tipperary], Com- 
missioners appointed at, 34. 
Cloth, export of, restricted by 

Henry VIII, 191 
license to export for Lord 

Robert Dudley, 191. 
export of, by Italians in London, 

186. 

Clough, Richard [? Rochart Kloch], 
servant to Sir T. Gresham, 
35, 172. 
Coates, Thomas, master of his 

Ooodspeed of Hull, 285. 
Cobham, William, Lord, 116. 

letters from, 125, 126, 130, 133, 

160. 

his wife, Frances, 130. 
Cobham [Kent], letters dated from, 

125, 126, 160. 
Hall [Kent], letters dated from. 

130, 133. 

Coblence, Coblentz, Confluence [Ger- 
many], 82. 

Cochrane, Sir John, 246. 
letters from, 284, 288. 



Cochrane, Sir John cont. 

sent to King of Denmark, 218. 
- Duke of Courland, 230, 
259. 
Cockburn, Cobron, a Scotch 

Captain, 31. 

Coiners, punished at Venice, 53. 
Coke, Sir Edward, letter from, 183. 

cipher of, 308. 
Colbourne, Captain, 108. 
Colchester [Essex], siege of, 213, 225, 

273, 295, 296. 
Cole : 

Thomas, a Protestant Divine, 2. 

, letter from, 90. 

, his sermon blamed, 90. 
W[illiam], a Protestant Divine, 

2. 
Colepepper, Culpepper, John, Baron, 

286. 

letters to, 276, 290. , 
instructions to, 213. 
assaulted by Sir R. Walsh, 237, 

239. 

Coleredo. See Collerado. 
Coles, Sir William, commander of a 

regiment in Ireland, 257. 
Coligny : 

Gaspard de, Admiral of France, 
108, 144, 145, 157, 165. 
, meets Conde at Essones, 
11. 



, at Geneva, 19. 

, to join English forces in 

Normandy, 48. 

at Court, denies com- 



plicity in murder of Guise, 

73-75. 

, not present at English 

demand for Calais, 102. 

, well received at Court, 

107. 

, attempt to seize, 111. 

, crosses the Seine, 113. 

, bags sent to, by Norreys, 

116. 

, his safety important to 

England, 120. 

gives warning of plot 



against Elizabeth, 123, 126. 

, defeats Martigues, 135. 

, operations of, in Poiton, 

137. 

, at Rochelle, 137. 

, reported to be wounded, 

153. 
-, reported to have defeated 



Anjou, 155. 
, his death reported, 161. 
, at Confolens, design of 
poisoning him, 163. 
, relieves Poitiers, 166. 



323 



Coligny cont. 

Odet de, Cardinal of Chatillon, 

74, 75, 126, 143, 157. 
, letter from, 137. 

, arrives in England ; at 

Canterbury, 133. 

, urges appeal to German 

Princes, 137. 

, his wine unpaid for, 142. 

, letters to, from Norreys, 

intercepted, 153. 
, receives money for 

German Princes, 154, 157. 
, to visit Oxford and stay 

in Christ Church, 156. 
, money not forthcoming 

from, 159. 
Collerado, Coleredo, Federico, 37, 

38. 
Collett, Glowd [Claud], denies the 

King's Commission, 262. 
Cologne, 82, 85, 128, 131, 236. 
letter from, quoted, 129. 
Archbishops of, 82, 174, 253. 
Council of German Princes at, 

137. 
negotiations at (1673-1675), 

267 sq. 
refuses to lend money to 

Emperor Ferdinand, 4. 
William of Orange buys arms at, 

125. 
Colonies. See New England ; New 

York ; Virginia. 
Colonna : 

Fabrizio [?], son of Marco 

Antonio, his marriage, 20. 
Marco Antonio, Duke of Palia- 

cozza, 22, 37, 45. 

, his Captain, 20. 

, leaves Rome, his errand 

doubtful, 20, 22. 
Pompeio, an Italian soldier, 61. 
" Colum John," 50. 
Combes, Jehan, of French am- 
bassador's household, im- 
prisoned, 29. 
Commissioners, expected at Berwick, 

70, 71, 76, 77. 
at Carisbrooke, 223. 
for Treaty of Troyes, 19. 
in Flanders, 15. 
Commonwealth of England, a 

servant of, 267. 
Companies : 

East India, 278. 
Guinea, 271. 

Merchants, 44, 56, 191, 273. 
Russian, 143, 149. 
Vintners', letter from, 95. 

, petition of, 93. 
Compiegne [France], 108, 151. 



Conde : 

Louis de Bourbon, Prince de 
[the elder], 10, 19, 99, 102, 
109-111, 116, 122, 138, 139, 
145, 147, 149, 151, 154. 

, letter from, 143. 

, reconciled with the 

Guises, 42, 74. 

, movements of, 11, 40, 123, 



130, 131, 134, 138. 
, the Queen Mother 
approaches, 96. 
, Huguenots meet at his 
house, 100. 
, at Court, 106, 107. 

negotiations for peace 



with, 113, 117, 120, 129, 132. 

, distrusts Edicts, 132. 

, Elizabeth advised to 

support, 152. 
, death of, 158. 
Louis, Prince de [the younger], 
letter to, 224. 

, support of, sought by 

Prince Charles, 252. 

, receives letter from 

Louis XIV about death of 
Charles I, 303. 

Confolens [France], Coligny at, 163. 
Coniston, Mr., of the Admiralty, 

letter to, 177. 
his brother-in-law, Mr. Hussey, 

177. 

his nephew, 177. 
Conors. See O'Connors. 
Constableship of France, 102, 107, 

111. 

Constantinople, 45, 46, 51, 52, 60, 116. 
letter dated from, 298. 
advices from, 20, 21, 116, 298. 
plague at, 114. 
Seraglio at, 41. 

Continho, Francesco de Sousa 

[Portuguese Ambassador at 

the Hague], letter from, 256. 

Contreras, Ferdinando Ruiz de, 

letter to, 237. 
Conway, Sir Hugh, Treasurer of 

Calais, warrant to, 1. 
Cook, Major Thomas, passes for, to 
England and Paris, 272, 292. 
Cooke, Mr., Groom of Privy Chamber 

to Charles II, 256. 
Cookham [Berks], 188. 
Cooper, Dr. Thomas, Dean of Christ 

Church, Oxford, 153, 155. 
letter from, 119. 

, as Vice-Chancellor, 155. 
recommended for Deanery of 

Gloucester, 161. 

Coote [Sir Charles], makes league 
with O'Neil, 299. 



324 



Copenhagen, letter dated from, 288. 
Copernicus [Nicholas], astronomer, 

270. 
Copperas, made by Lord Mountjoye, 

185. 
Coqueville, Captain, taken at St. 

Valery in Caux, 121. 
beheaded at Abbeville, 122. 
Cordeliers at Antwerp, spoiled by 

Protestants, 98. 
Cordova, Don Diego de, 54, 80. 
Corfu [Island of], 49. 
Cork, Co., 248, 277. 
Sheriff of, 62. 
Ormond warned that Cromwell 

will land men in, 260. 
Cormallon, M. de, 153. 
Cornelius : 

Captain Isaac, letter dated 

from, 276. 

Jasper, letter dated from, 303. 
John, letter dated from, con- 
cerning a prize, 276. 
Correll, Thomas, commission for, 

291. 
Corsairs, galleys of, 21. 

Spanish enterprise to Tripoli 

endangered by, 27. 
in Corsica, 27. 
at Malta, 60, 61. 
Corse, a fort in Corsica, 41. 
Corsica, 37, 38, 41, 42, 44, 45, 47, 

52, 55, 61. 

Pietro Corso in. See Corso. 
San Firenze in, attacked, 27. 
troops in, 26. 
Corso, San Pietro, 37, 42, 44, 47-49, 

52, 61. 

in Corsica, 27, 29, 49. 
Cornwall : 

county of, 245. 
tin business in, 278. 
Royalists in, 293. 
war in, 278. 

Duchy of, Revenue Commis- 
sioners of, 278. 
Coryat, George, of New College, 

Oxford, 101. 
petition of, for parsonage of 

Warham, Norfolk, 189. 
Cosse, Marshal Artus de Gonor de, 

122, 125, 144. 
in Picardy, 138. 
his warnings, 164. 
Cottington, Francis, Baron, one of 
Henrietta Maria's Council at 
Paris, 208, 238, 261, 302. 
letters from, 273, 289. 

to, 279, 282, 283. 

sent with Hyde to Brussels and 

Spain, 256, 273, 306. 
Cotton, Sir Thomas, seaman, 22. 



Council : 

Privy, 44, 80, 170, 183. 

, Lords of the, 5, 57, 64, 81, 
152. 
-, Clerk to, Rich. Fanshaw, 



278. 

of Ireland, letter to, 264. 
of War, Parliamentary, letter 

to, 247. 

of State, deposition before, 266. 
, Clerk to, Walter Frost, 

266. 
, " Worcester papers " 

delivered to, 294. 
Courland, James, Duke of, letters 

to, 230, 242. 
Duchess of, 242. 
Courtebourne, Governor of Calais, 

letters from, 225, 228, 232. 
Courthop, a Protestant divine, 3. 
Courtrai, Cortrecht [Flanders], 131. 
Cousens, Alexander, sent from 

Scilly to Prince Charles, 274. 
Coutts, Mr., of Bruges, 264. 
Coventry, William, alias Crocker, 

letters from, 288, 298, 299. 

to, 299. 

Coventry [Warwickshire], 179. 
Coverdal [? Coverdale, Miles], a 

Protestant divine, 2. 
Cowdray [Sussex], 64. 
Cowell, Captain, ordered to appear 

before Prince Charles, at the 

Hague, 285. 
Cox, Richard, Bishop of Ely, 157, 

158. 

letter from, 165. 
granted lease to Lord St. John 

of Bletso, 157. 
Cradock, Dr. [Edward ?] to dispute 

before the Earl of Leicester 

at Oxford, 155. 
Cradley [Herefordshire], the Rector 

of, 96. 

Cranbourne [Berks], 188. 
Cranford [Middlesex], letter dated 

from, 200. 

Craven [William], Earl of, 301. 
Crawford, Earls of. See Lindsay, 

Alexander and Ludovic. 
Cray [Kent], 275. 
Cressioner, Governor of Gravelines, 

40. 

Crispe, Henry, a messenger, 113. 
Croatia, threatened by Turks, 85. 
Crocciata [Crusade], the, 59. 
Crocker, Mr. See Coventry, William. 
Croft, Sir James, letter from, 79. 

services and grievances of, 80. 
Crofts, William, 246, 247. 

letter from, 200. 
Croker, Thomas. See Seymore, John. 



325 



Crole, George, factor at Rotterdam, 

288. 
Crombrack, Combake. See Culem- 

burg. 

Crompton. See Crumton. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 299. 
certificate of, 266. 
Ormond warned of his intention 

to land in Munster, 260. 
will be crowned if he defeats 

Ormond, 300. 
Croop, Christopher, interested in the 

ship Benediction, 194. 
Crow, Crowe : 

Henry, letter from, 302. 
Sir Sackville, Envoy to the 
Sultan, 298. 

, letters patent for, 194. 

, cipher of, 308. 
Crowley [? Robert], a Protestant 

divine, 2. 
Croy, Philip de, Duke of Aerschot, 

14. 
Crumton [? Crompton], lends money 

to T. Killigrew, 263. 
Crych, John, solicitor, of London, 223. 
Culemberg, Crombrack, Count of, 

101, 103. 

Cullimore, Justice, of Antwerp, 
note of money due to 303. 
Culpepper. See Colepepper. 
Cumberland, county of, troops for 

Ireland from, 86, 92. 
Cumnor [Oxon], letters dated from, 3. 
Cunningham : 

Alexander, Earl of Glencairn, 

at Langside, 118. 
Hugh and Robert, warrant to 

apprehend, 257. 
Curteys, Piers, Keeper of Great 

Wardrobe, warrant to, 1. 
Curtius, William, letters from, 231, 

233-236, 240, 254. 
his assistance requested for 

"Mr. Carp," 254. 
urges the importance of a 

fleet to Charles II, 254. 
urged to obtain the Emperor's 
letter against reception of 
" rebel " envoys at Hamburg, 
259. 

Cusack, Cusake, Sir Thomas, 14. 
letter from, 62. 

advice for orders in Ireland, 25. 
Customs, augmentation of English, 

15. 

in Virginia, 263. 
King Charles I deprived of, 

216. 
proposed increase of export duty 

on cloth, 191. 
officers in England dishonest, 6. 



Cyprus, Island of, 37, 41. 



Daedalus, the flying Dutch fleet 
compared to, 271. 

Dale, Mr., co-adjutor to John Ray 
in his Historia Plantarum, 269. 

Dallny, Secretary, at Cavaillon, 31. 

Damascus, Bey of, 116. 

Damieno, Ridolfi, in London, 21. 

Dandelot, Frangois de. See Andelot. 

Daniel, Terence, or O'Donnel, 
Thirlagh, Dean of Armagh, 
63. 

Danseus, Carolus, French ambas- 
sador in Denmark, 4. 

Dantzic [Germany], 149, 241. 
letter dated from, 56. 

Danube, River, 231, 235. 

Danville, Henri de Montmorency, 
Marshal of France, 11, 29, 
49, 74. 

letter from, mentioned, 49. 
his wife, 29. 

his servant, Bateras, 33. 
quarrels with de Rais, 100. 
negotiates with Conde, 113. 
on his guard against Guises, 160. 

Darcy, captain of a Royalist frigate, 
249. 

Dare, Capt. Robert of Lyme, con- 
tract of, with Prince Charles, 
for hire of Constant Warwick, 
273. 

Darell, William, prebendary of 
Canterbury, 181. 

Darnley, Darling, Lord Henry. See 
Stewart, Henry. 

Datchet [Bucks], 189. 

Dauncy, Mr., 130. 

Davenant, Davenett, Sir William, 
patent of, as joint Treasurer 
in Virginia, 284, 302. 
arms supplied by, in 1645, ac- 
count of, 302. 

Daventry, Dantry [Northants], 179. 

D avers, Mr. [or Danvors], of New 
College, Oxford, 89, 90. 

Davies, Richard, Bishop of St. 
Davids, 88. 

Davison, Captain Alexander, 280. 

Day : 

Christian, wife of Rowland Day, 
trumpet to Col. Harrison, 
petition for, 267. 



326 



Day cont. 

Mr., to receive money for 
owners of sugar in captured 
ship, 284. 
Deal [Kent], 214. 

letter dated from, 293. 
Castle, 274. 

, letters to Governor of, 278, 

282. 
Deighton, Christopher, of Worcester, 

proclaims Elizabeth, 44. 
Delinquents' Estates, Commissioners 

of, 245. 
Delia Corna : 

Ascanio, 47, 49, 52, 59. 
Fulvio, Cardinal of Perugia, 48. 
Delia Croce, Marsilio, 100. 

letters from, 21, 36. 
De la Quadra, Alvaro, Bishop of 
Aquila, Spanish ambassador 
to Elizabeth. 13, 35. 
De la Torre, Torrey, Jacques, 64. 
Del Guasto, Marquis, 22. 
Del Solero, Bonifaccio, letter to, 24. 
Delebecq, Louis, of Calais, com- 
plains of seizure of a shallop, 
228. 

Delgey, a Turkish commander, 60. 
Denby, Mr., 62. 

Dendermond, Deremonde, [Flan- 
ders], 247. 
Denham,John, 211, 226, 271, 272, 279. 

instructions to, 226, 227. 
Denmark, Kings of : 

Frederick II, 4, 5, 34, 149. 

, his proposed marriage to 

Mary, Queen of Scots, 4, 8. 
Frederick III, 257, 258. 

, letters to, 237, 249. 

, appealed to, for Prince 

Charles, 246, 291. 

promises to help Prince 



Luys, lute 



See 



Charles, 288. 
Denti, Fabricio and 

players, 30. 
Derby, Earl and Countess of. 

Stanley. 
Derienne, Madelelin, of Calais, com- 

plains of seizure of a shallop, 

228. 

Dereu, M. See Reux, de. 
Desmond, Earl of. See Fitzgerald, 

Gerald. 
Dettling [Kent], Chapel at, grant 

of, 2. 
Deux-Ponts, Duke of. See Zwei- 

briicken. 
Devereux : 

Robert, Earl of Essex, his 

execution, 183. 
Mr., to be Governor of Mont- 

serrat, 280. 



Devonshire, 245. 
Sheriff of, 245. 
tin business in, 278. 
Diamond, Captain, tried by a 

Council of War at Scilly, 

276. 
Dicks, Lt.-Colonel, to fetch arms 

from Earl of Brentford in 

Sweden, 302. 

Dieppe, Admiralty Court at, 193 sq. 
garrison doubled at, 126. 
Order of Conseil de la Marine at, 

193. 

Protestants at, 130. 
Dier, Mr., 102. 

Diest [Flanders], horse fair at, 50. 
Digby, George, Lord, afterwards Earl 

of Bristol, 249, 
letters to, 200, 203. 
letter from, 275. 
member of Queen Henrietta 

Maria's Council at Paris, 208. 
Diggs, Mr., merchant, Rotterdam, 

asked to lend money to Prince 

Charles, 271. 

Dijon [France], Charles IX at, 26. 
Dillon, Thomas, Viscount, letter 

from, 206. 
Dissains, [?] Pont d'San [France], 

137. 

Ditton, Dytton Park [Bucks], 189. 
Dixwell, John, signs for County 

Committee of Kent, 204. 
Dobeney. See Aubigny, d'. 
Docquerel, M., Judge of French 

Admiralty Court at Dunkirk, 

262. 

Doffi, Mr., in London, 21. 
Dogs, as presents, 14, 19, 20, 102. 
Donard [Dohna], Baron de, raises 

horse for Charles II, 265. 
Dolheim, a messenger, 129. 
Dommer, Theodore, of Amsterdam, 

letter from, undertaking to 

supply ships to Charles II, 

263. 

Doncaster, Dankster, Yorks, 123. 
Doncherche [? Dunkirk], 21. 
Donegal [Ireland], 86. 
Donnaneall [? Dunally, co. Down], 

87. 

Dorchester, Dudley Carleton, Vis- 
count. See Carleton. 
Doria : 

John Andrew, 36, 38, 46, 47, 49, 

54. 
, at Bastia, 41. 

, lands at Istria, 42. 

, returns to Spain, 45. 
, takes Porto Vecchio, 

42. 
Steffano, 37, 41. 



327 



Dorislaus, Dr. Isaac, letter to, 232. 
murder of, applauded in 
Bavaria, 255. 

, confessed by Whitford, 
266. 
Dormer, Sir William, letter from, 

144. 

Dorney [Bucks], vicar of, 189. 
Dorsetshire, 203, 268, 300. 

Receiver of Revenue in. See 

Long, Robert. 
Douai [Flanders], French army at 

(1651), 265. 
Douglas : 

Francis, hurt by Lord Seton, 53. 
James, fourth Earl of Morton, 
at Langside, 118. 

, his house at Wawhton 

besieged by the Hamiltons 
and Hepburns, 145. 
General Major [? Robert], 258. 
William, aids Mary to escape 
from Lochleven, disappears 
at Kingston, 170. 
Mr., recommended as chaplain 

to Earl of Leicester, 148. 
a Scot, servant to Earl of Sussex, 
gives information about Ire- 
land, 124. 

Dourlens, Durlans, [France], 125. 
Dover [Kent], 81, 97, 209, 261, 265, 

280. 
a shallop of, taken by Royalist 

Captain, 225, 228, 232. 
Castle, 265. 

Down, Castle of [co. Down], 87. 
Downing, George, scout master of 
the Parliament Army, letter 
from, 267. 
Downs, the, letters dated from, 219- 

221. 
Royalist ships in, 209-211, 218, 

220, 282, 287. 

Draffen [Draffan, Fifeshire], 118. 
Dragut, Drogues, a Turkish Com- 
mander, 60, 61. 
killed, 65. 

Dress, bodices for Elizabeth, 46. 
French tailor for her, 99. 
on Twelfth Night at Court of 

Mary, Queen of Scots, 12. 
Drogheda [Ireland], letter dated 

from, 90. 
Drummond, Sir Patrick, 246. 

to be Treasurer under Mont- 
rose, 288. 
Du Croc, French Ambassador in 

Scotland, 100, 104, 106. 
returns without leave, 108. 
Du Court, Valet of the Chamber to 
Charles IX, draws portraits 
for Earl of Leicester, 132. 



Dublin, 299, 300. 

letters dated from, 34, 182. 
towns near, surrender to 

Royalists, 272. 
Dudley : 

Ambrose, Baron Lysle, 44, 51, 

102. 

, copy of letters creating 

him Earl of Warwick, 8. 

, President of York, 12. 

, Burlace, his man, 55. 

, marriage of, 68, 70. 

, ill, 181. 

, pedigree and coat of, 186. 
Henry, Lord, 35. 
Jane, Duchess of Northumber-* 

land, postscript from, 2. 
John, Duke of Northumberland, 

2, 24, 55. 

, letter from, 1. 

John, son of the above, letter 

to, 1 ; his debts, 2. 
Mary, Lady, wife of Sir H. 

Sidney,' 91. 
Lord Robert, Earl of Leicester, 

27, 43, 50, 63, 65, 68, 77, 80, 

81, 136, 145. 
, letters from, 3, 46, 101, 

170, 174, 177, 180. 
, letters to, 3-178 passim 

pp. 3-181. 

-, Protestant divines recom- 
mended to, by name, 2. 

, a rider for, 17, 18, 24. 

, expected to be sent to 

Charles IX with Treaty of 

Troyes, 18. 

, horses for, 14, 27, 35, 46, 50. 

, his Master of the Horse. 

>SeeBlount, Chris. See Claudio. 
receives Order of St. 



Michel, 31, 54. 
-, expected to be made a 



Duke, 32. 
, appealed to, on behalf of 
Protestant Ministers, 33, 42, 
43, 87-90. 

, an armourer for, 50. 
, sponsor to daughter of 
Signer Baroiicelli, 47, 50. 
, his " fellow-gossips," 44, 
47, 51. 
-, urges France to be friendly 



with Elizabeth, 48. 

, his zeal for " religion," 

53, 97, 117, 134, 139, 176. 

, fall of his horse, 55, 

, possibility of his marriage 
to Elizabeth, 57, 67, 71; to 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 57. 
-, appealed to, by the Earl 



of Hertford, 72. 



328 



Dudley, Lord Robert cont. 

, summoned to Windsor for 

installation of Charles IX, 73. 

, Elizabeth will not sign 

despatch about her marriage 
to Archduke Charles till she 
sees, 79. 
-, negotiates with Dean, &c., 



of Windsor for manors, &c., in 
Somerset, 89. 

, acquires lease of Adder- 
bury Parsonage, 89. 
, appealed to, by Lady 
Mary Grey, 95. 
-, Mary, Queen of Scots, 



writes of his encouraging 
amity between Elizabeth and 
herself, 96. 

, writes to Paris for a 
tailor for Elizabeth, 99. 

sends an s adamant 



sepulchre to Throgmorton, 
102, 103. 

, attempt to prove his 
complicity in death of Amy 
Robsart, 111, 119. 
-, well disposed to Sir F. 



books and vagrant persons 

at Oxford, 166. 
, his opinion on foreign 

policy, 170 sq. 
, requested to obtain two 

ships for John Hawkins, 174. 



Englefield, 113. 
, obtains stewardship for 

his servant, Killigrew, 125. 

, two portraits of, 112. 

, his cook Nicholas trans- 
ports wine and mullets 

[mules ?], to him, 144. 
, delay in delivery of his 

letters at Tutbury Castle, 

147. 
, warned of a Popish 

Spanish plot, 148 ; of con- 
spiracies, 157. 
, his advice to the Queen 

on foreign policy not 

accepted, 152. 
, arrangements for his visit 

to Oxford, 155. 
, urged to induce the Queen 

to help John Casimir, 157- 

159. 
, recommended to appoint 

Dr. Cooper to Deanery of 

Gloucester, 161. 
, Norreys commends his 

family to him, 162. 
, his interest in hawking 

and hunting, 164. 
-, urged to suppress heretical 



Dudley, Lord Robert cont. 

, admonishes Archbishop 

Parker on Church discipline. 
175. 

, his support solicited by 



Mary, Queen of Scots, 177. 
, appeals to Bishop 
Scambler on behalf of Mr. 
Wyborne, 177. 

, arrangements for fire- 
works at Kenil worth, 178. 
, about to go to the Nether- 
lands, outfit, &c., 180. 
, attested copy of his will, 
182. 
-, his brother-in-law, Sir 



Henry Sidney. See Sidney. 

, his servant Pet. See Pet. 

Mr., 178. 

Dumbarton, Dumbritton [Scotland], 
Chatelherault expected at, 
125, 128, 130. 
Dumferline, Abbot of. See Pitcairn, 

Robert. 

Dumfries [Scotland], 118. 
Dunally, co. Down. See Domianeall. 
Dunbar [Haddingtonshire], Both- 
well and Queen Mary at, 101. 
Dundalk [co. Louth], 86. 
Dundrum [co. Down], 87. 
Dungarvan [co. Waterford], 248. 
Dungeness [Kent], 205. 
Dunkirk [Flanders], 21, 200, 214, 288. 
letters dated from, 200, 261, 

284. 
Admiralty Court of Charles II 

at, 261, 262, 286, 287. 
frigates to be obtained from, 

for Charles II, 279. 
Governor of, 262. 
Whittington at, 288. 
Duron [Diiren, Germany], Orange 

at, 131. 
Durham, Bishop of. See Pilkington, 

James. 

Dean of . See Whitingham, Wm. 
letter dated from, 33. 
county of, needs religious men, 

154. 

Durlans [France]. See Dourlens. 
Dutch, John, servant of the Count 

of Figueroa, 78. 

Dutch alarm at growth of Common- 
wealth of England, 304. 
fleet, the flying, verses on, 271. 
ships, not to be directly 
employed for Charles II, 
301. 

vessel taken, 276. 
Dutchman, arrest of a, in London, 

266. 
Dymock [? John], a prisoner, 7. 



329 



Earles, Dr. [John], chaplain to 

Charles II, 255. 
East India Company, 278. 
Easter, Richard, Porter at Back- 
stairs to Charles II, 256. 
Easthampstead Park [Berks], 188. 
East Friesland. See Friesland. 
Ecquan [? Ecouen], France, 121. 
Edict [of Amboise ?], the, 109, 129. 

distrusted by Conde, 132. 
Edicts, all, revoked, 133. 
Edinburgh, 77, 226. 

letters dated from, 11, 14, 56, 

96, 101, 199, 221, 250, 252. 
Castle, Cessford imprisoned at, 
101. 

, Prince James at, 101. 

Edenham, Edname [Lines.], letter 

dated from, 71. 

Edward IV, extract from his will, 
appointing two chantry 
priests at Windsor, 1. 
reversal of Act declaring his 

children bastards, 1. 
Edward VI, 8, 23, 148. 

statute of, re Vintners, 93-95. 
Edzart, Count of East Friesland, 
composition of, for merchants, 
43, 73. 

Eger [Bohemia], Wrangel at, 235. 
Eglinton, Earl of. See Montgomerie, 

Hugh. 
Egmont : 

Agamonte Lamoral, Count of 
Gavre, 14, 47, 50, 51, 55, 97. 

, favours English 

merchants, 16, 17. 
, his death, 119, 127, 136. 
Madame, 139. 
Ehemius, Dr., 165. 
Elba [Italy], Corsairs at, 21. 
Elbe, River, 7. 

Charles Gustavus on, 234. 
Elboeuf, Rene de, * Dalbeouf,' 32. 
Elector Palatine. See Frederick. 

See Charles Lewis. 
Eliot, Mr., Groom of Bedchamber to 

Charles II, 256. 
Elizabeth : 

Queen of England, 3, 6, 11, 14- 
18, 20-27, 30, 32-36, 41-44, 
50, 51, 55-59, 62, 64, 67-72, 
75, 76, 79, 81, 86, 88, 90-92, 



Elizabeth, Queen of England cont. 
94-96, 98, 99, 102-107, 113- 
121, 123, 126, 128, 130, 132- 
135, 141-147, 149, 152-154, 
164, 166, 170, 173-183, 185- 
187, 190-192. 

, letter from, 182. 

, , mentioned, 14, 17, 

34, 67. 

, letters to, 10, 43, 65, 73, 

86, 93, 107, 162, 173, 174, 
187, 190. 

-, mentioned, 13, 24, 



30, 33, 103, 132. 
, reported to convey armour 

into Russia, 5, 6 ; and to 

maintain pirates, 5. 
, hazards her kingdom to 

preserve Scottish liberty, 5. 
, Otto, Duke of Luneberg 

worthy of pension from, 6. 
, no Ambassador sent to, 

from Venice, 8, 34. 
, Lord Ryche requests 

interview with, 10. 
, Heinrich, Duke of Bruns- 

wick-Luneburg offers troops 

to, 10. 
, Coligny mindful of her 

favour, 11. 

, Scotland faithful to, 12. 
, advised as to recovery of 

Calais, 13. 
, trade of, with Flanders, 

15, 16. 
, too ready to make Treaty 

of Troyes, 17. 
, advised to encourage 

trade with Emden, 23. 
, advised as to economies in 

Ireland, 25, 26. 
, said to be unpopular in 

England, 27. 
-, to sign Treaty of Troyes, 



28. 

, to dispose of Collar of St. 
Michel, 32. 

, warned as to practises in 
Scotland, 32. 

, asked to check Desmond's 
raids, 34. 

, ungracious to Chaloner at 
Madrid, 35. 

, has no intelligence of 
death of Emperor Ferdinand, 
36. 
-, his obsequies kept by her, 



38. 

> 

41. 



a rider from Madrid for, 



, proclaimed five times at 
Worcester, 44. 



330 



Elizabeth, Queen of England cont. 

, bodices for, 46. 

, her support sought for the 

Huguenots, 48. 
-, her amity to French King, 



48. 



gift for, from the Lady 
Regent, 51. 

geldings and jerkins for, 



51. 

, promises money to Count 
of East Friesland, 53. 
, horses from Spain for, 54. 
, reported to have sent 
Darnley to Scotland, 54. 
, anxiety as. to her marriage, 

, claims poundage on goods 

sent to Flanders, 55-58, 64. 

, said to favour Leicester's 

marriage with Mary Queen 

of Scots, 57. 

, her administration of 

Ireland, 62-64. 

, a matter of the Emperor 

Maximilian promoted with, 

by Leicester, 65. 

, Hawkins reports his 



return to, 65. 
, reported to be sending 
Sussex to Scotland, 67. 
, at Ankerwick, 67. 
, Sir T. Smith writes on 
marriage of, 67. 
, weakness of her Scotch 
policy, 70, 77. 

, clemency of, for Earl of 
Hertford bessed by his 



mother, 73. 
, her picture seen by Mary, 
Queen of Scots, 77. 
, her court said to be 



immoral, 77. 
, proposed marriage of, with 

Archduke Charles, 78, 79, 81. 
, petition of Sir James 

Croft to, 79. 
-, advised as to Irish policy, 



87. 



chars 



of her visit to 



Oxford, 92. 

, petitioned by the Vintners' 

Company, 93. 

, appeal of Lady Mary 

Grey to, 95. 

-, tailor for, from France, 99. 

-, perplexed about Ireland, 



103. 

, inaction of, in foreign 
affairs, 107. 

, her marriage said to be 
hindered by Leicester, 112. 



Elizabeth, Queen of England cont. 

, angry with Sir F. Engle- 

field, 113. 

said to be Roman 



Catholic, 115. 
-, disposed to find money 



for Huguenots, 116. 
, her irresolution when 
approached by the Lords of 
Scotland, 119, 120. 

-, the French, 121. 



, Italian conspiracy against, 
123. 

, complains that Bolton 
Castle was not ready for 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 123. 
, warned of the un- 
protected state of Kent, 126. 
, has an opportunity in 
French affairs, 130. 
, sends message to French 
Court, 132. 

, Montmorency's affection 
for, 134. 

, lawsuit of, with Earl of 
Northumberland about mines, 
135. 

, Sir R. Bagenall's debt to, 
136. 

, in treaty for furniture, 139. 
, seizes money on Spanish 
ship at Southampton, 140, 
145. 

, sends Mary to Tutbury 

Castle, 147. 
-, her popularity at Ham- 



burg, 149. 
, danger to, if she retain 
Mary, 150, 166-170. 
, irresolute and parci- 
monious in policy, 151, 152. 
, her letters to Norreys 
intercepted, 152, 163. 
, plots against, 155, 157. 
, asked to furnish money 
for Casimir, 156-159. 
-, reported to have sent 



ships and money to Rochelle, 

162. 
, proposed progress of, to 

Hampshire, 162. 
, reported to be about to 

invade France, 164. 

, her support desired by 

the Huguenots, danger of her 

inaction, 165. 
, her difficulties in 1569, 

170-172. 
, requested to encourage 

Hawkins, 174. 
, her Church discipline, 174- 

176. 



331 



Elizabeth, Queen of England cont. 

, Mary, Queen of Scots, 

appeals to, 177. 

, arrangements for her visit 

to Kenilworth, 178, 179. 

, her commission to Lord 

Buckhurst, 180. 

, expenses of her govern- 
ment in Ireland, 181. 
, writes to Earl of Pem- 
broke about his son, 182. 
-, fees, &c., at Windsor in 



her reign, 187. 
Princess, daughter of Charles I, 

letter from, 258. 
daughter of Maximilian II, to 

marry Charles IX, 102, 162. 
Elliotts or Elwoods, the, 66. 
Elles, Mr., 78. 
Ellys, Maturine, a French trader 

in Russia, 143. 
Elmy, Robert, a Suffolk Royalist, 

304. 

Elwoods, the. See Elliotts, the. 
Ely, Bishop of. See Cox, Richard. 
Church of, owns villages, 158. 
Dean of. See Perne, Andrew. 
Isle of [Cambs.], mentioned, 

157, 158. 

Ember, River [Ems], 22, 23. 
Emden, Count of. See Edzart. See 

Fries! and, East. 
Emden [now in Germany], 54, 148, 

180. 

letters dated from, 22, 53, 62. 
account of, 2424. 
Burgomaster of, office of, 22 ; 

executed for treason, 127. 
compared with Antwerp as a 

market for English goods, 

39 sq. 

fighting near, 124, 125. 
government of, 22. 
instructions for Commissioners 

concerning, 43. 
Pastor of, informs against 

Burgomaster's treachery, 127. 
proposal to grave river to, from 

Miinster, 23. 
support of, sought for Charles II, 

258. 

trade with, 16. 
Valder, the new town at, 23. 
Emperors, Empress : 
Charles V, 4, 172. 
Ferdinand I, 6, 27, 107, 108. 

, practises with the Pope, 4. 

, tries to borrow money, 4. 

, complains of export of 

arms from England to 

Russia, 6. 
, health of, 19, 26. 



Emperors, Empress, Ferdinand I 
cont. 

, question of his daughter 
Giovanna's marriage, 27. 

, Mass for, at Rome, 29. 

, death of, not announced 

to Elizabeth, 38. 

obsequies of, in England, 



36, 38. 

Ferdinand III, 231. 

, acquires part of Transyl- 
vania by death of Rakoczy, 
233, 236. 

, makes Peace of West- 



phalia, 234. 
, marries his daughter 

Maria to Philip IV of Spain, 

236. 

, to go to Hungary, 236. 

, his troops at Prague, 234. 

, will restore the Franken- 

thal to Charles Lewis, 254. 
, appealed to, by Charles II, 

258. 
, urged to prevent reception 

of " rebel " envoys at Ham- 
burg, 259. 

Maria, Empress, wife of Maxi- 
milian II, 85. 
Maximilian II, 33, 36-38, 42, 

43, 45, 51, 60-62, 99, 108, 

127, 136, 154, 156. 

, letter from, 65. 

, receives condolence from 

the Pope, 29. 
, to marry his eldest 

daughter to Don Carlos, 29. 
, his Ambassador at Rome 

offended, 40. 

, and Zapoyla, 41, 51. 

, receives grant from Diet, 

and hat and sword from 

Pope, 45. 
, requests license for 



marriage of priests, 46. 
, description of, 85. 
, to marry his son 
Margaret of Valois, 102. 
-, expected to invade France 



to 



with Philip II, 106. 

, designs to make Empire 

hereditary, 107. 

, his relations with the 

Sultan, 103, 107, 108, 116. 

, angry with Alva, 119. 

, his matters at Spires, 

119. 

, his attitude after execu- 
tion of Egmont and Horn, 
136. 
Empire, the States of, 236, 254. 

army of, 241. 



332 



Enfield [Middlesex], interview 
between Elizabeth and Haw- 
kins at, 66. 
England : 

Kings of. See Edward IV ; 
Edward VI ; Henry VII ; 
Henry VIII ; Philip ; Charles 
I ; Charles II ; Prince James, 
Duke of York. 
Queens of. See Mary ; Elizabeth ; 

Henrietta Maria, 
trade of, with East Friesland, 43. 

Emden, 16. 

Flanders, 15, 16, 55-57. 

Russia, 143, 149. 

Venice, 8. 

Englefield, Inglefield, Sir Francis, 

letters from, 17. 
his suit to the Queen, 17, 113. 
at Madrid, 93, 113. 
English : 

man arrested and taken to 

Alva, 131. 
nobles, disposed to side with, 

Cardinal of Lorraine, 134. 
troops reported to be going to 

France, 164. 

Engraving on precious stones, 35. 
Enkhuisen, Enchuysen [Holland], 
ships for King Charles at, 204. 
Eric XIV of Sweden. See Sweden. 
Erlau, Agria [Hungary], Bishop of, 

Antonio Verantius, 108. 
Errington, Captain, captures the 

Pelican, 205. 
Erskine : 

John, Earl of Mar, 104. 
, at Langside, 118. 
Mr., brother of above, 104. 
James, commission for, 257. 
Espes, Guerau d', letters from, 136, 

145. 

arrested, 152. 
question of a. house for, in 

London, 162. 
Essex, Robert, Earl of. See 

Devereux, Robert. 
Essex, Archdeacon of. See Cole, 

Thomas. 

Esslingen [Wurtemberg], 84. 
Essonnes [France], 11. 
Evans : 

Cornelius. See Yvins. 
Stephen, money due to, by 

Prince Charles, 277. 
Evelyn : 

Elizabeth [daughter of John], 
name pencilled on back of a 
letter, 152. 
John, 181, 201, 204. 

, his two papers on the 

Sovereignty of the Sea, 267. 



Evelyn, John cont. 

, paper on New England, 
written to, 271. 

Even [Monastevin, co. Kildare ?], 
I garrison at, 25. 

Evreux [France], Morvilliers, Jean, 
Bishop of, Ambassador to 
Henry VIII, 1. 
letter dated from, 202. 
Ewelme [Oxon], 179. 
Exchange, bill of, 98. 

of English money in Paris, 105. 
Exchequer, Court of, 183. 
Executions in Flanders, victims to 

be houseled, 136. 
Exeter [Devon], 245, 260. 
letter dated from, 50. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Bishop of. See Alley, Wm. 

, revenues of See of, 50. 

Exploration, purposed by Elizabeth, 

6. 
Export of cloth, 186, 191. 

of corn, from England to 

Antwerp, 69. 
Exton [Rutland], letter dated from, 

77. 

Eyemouth, Ayemouth [Berwick- 
shire], viewed by Mary, Queen 
of Scots, 68, 69. 



Fairfax : 

Ferdinand, Baron, letter from, 

201. 
Thomas, Baron, 299, 300, 307. 

, letter from, 290. 

, to, 247, 293. 

, in Devon, 245, 289. 

, urged by Prince Charles 

to save Charles I, 247, 287. 
Fairweather, Captain, desires com- 
mission [from Prince Charles], 
291. 

Falconbridge, Falkinbridge, 
[Thomas], petition in favour 
of, 267. 
Fano [Italy], Bishop of, sent to 

Maximilian II, 52. 
Fanshaw, Richard, 227, 245, 278. 
letters from, 287, 291. 
in Ireland, 241. 
travelling to Ireland through 

France, 287. 
his accounts, 290. 



333 



Farnese : 

Alexander, Prince of Parma, 55. 
Cardinal, 25, 26, 28, 40. 
Cardinal Ranucci, 59. 
Ottavio, Duke of Parma, 7, 48, 

59. 
Farnham, Robert, Sir Thos. 

Chaloner's servant, 25, 30. 
Fedan [co. Tyrone], 86, 87. 
letter dated from, 14. 
Federi [MS. torn] Salvestro Dipro., 

letter from, 21. 

Fenelon, de la Mothe, French 

Ambassador, letter from, 146. 

Ferdinand de Toledo, Prior of Malta, 

173. 

Ferdinand II, Duke of Florence, 263. 
Feria, Count and Countess of. See 

Figueroa. 
Ferling [? Netherlands], letter dated 

from, 206. 

Ferlito, Girolamo, Minister of 
Italian Church in London, 
letter from, 139. 
Ferrabosco : 

a rider of Bologna, 24, 26, 28. 
Alfonzo, 190. 
Ferrara : 

Abraham, merchant of Amster- 
dam, 275. 

Duke [Alfonzo II] of, 27, 86. 
Duchess [Renee] of, 113. 
Field, Mr,, a stationer of Fleet Street, 

288. 

Fife, James, 232. 
Figueroa, Figorhoa, Feria : 

Gomez, Count of, 54, 62, 77, 81, 
92, 93, 115. 

, quarrels with Earl of 
Arundel, 97, 114. 
Jane, Countess of, 54, 77, 97, 

144. 

Laurenzo, takes Argolie, 42. 
Finch, Heneage, Earl of Winchilsea, 

letter to, 297. 

Finchampstead [Berks], 188. 
Fisher : 

Mr., warrant to, to sell goods 
taken by the Royalist fleet, 
291. 
William, buys lead at Ponte- 

fract Castle, 288. 
Fishery, and Sovereignty of the Sea, 

Evelyn's papers on, 267. 
Fitzalan, Henry, Earl of Arundel, 

79, 103, 111. 
letter from, 146. 
journey of, to Augsburg, 82. 
threatened by de Feria, 97, 114. 
Fitzgerald : 

Gerald, Earl of Desmond, 26, 
90, 92. 



Fitzgerald, Gerald, Earl of Des- 
mond cont. 

, his violence, 34, 62. 

Gerald, Earl of Kildare, 87. 
Sir Maurice, Sheriff of co. Cork, 

62. 
Fitz james, Mrs. Elizabeth, letter 

from, 243. 

her husband [John], 244. 
Fitzwilliam, Sir William, 91. 
Flanders, 28, 30, 35, 39, 40, 48, 80, 

92, 93, 96, 120, 121, 129, 253. 
attitude towards France, 13. 
Captains of, and Coqueville, 122. 

, levy troops in Spain, 115, 

English fugitives in, supported 

by Philip II, 114. 
French advance upon, 265. 
garrisons in, 130. 
horses from, 50, 
likely to be attacked by France, 

115. 

money sent to, from Spain, 116. 
news from, not allowed in Paris, 

122 

Philip II expected in, 99, 100. 
Protestants in, 96. 
trade of, with England, 15, 16, 

28, 40, 55-59, 86. 

with Venice, 8. 
Flamsteed, John, Astronomer, letter 

from, 269. 
Fleet. See also Ships. 

the Royalist, 209 sq., 230, 238 
note, '242, 248, 273, 274, 283, 
285, 287-289, 291. 
, officers of, letters from, 
274, 289. 

- and instruc- 
tions to, 209-211, 213-215, 
230, 279, 282. 

at Calais, 213. 

at Kinsale in danger, 272, 

299. 

at Goree, 220. 

Batten, Sir W., to be 

Vice Admiral of, 292. 

Constant Warwick, the, 



officers of, thanked, 279. 

Lord Willoughby of Par- 



ham, Vice Admiral of, 211. 
doubtful whether Lord 



Willoughby will be accepted 
as Admiral by, 211. 
in the Downs, 210, 218, 282. 
-, in touch with the Parlia- 



mentary fleet, 274. 

Kentish gentlemen to com- 



mand, in Willoughby 's ab- 
sence, 279. 

liberty of Dutch ports 



requested for, 217. 



334 



Fleet, the Royalist cont. 

off Ireland, 272, 299. 

Prince Charles goes to, 213, 

219. 

Rupert to wear the 

Standard on " the Admiral," 
284. 

provisions for, 239, 283. 

question of command of, 

291. 

summoned by Lord War- 
wick, 292. 

to relieve the Kentish Cas- 
tles, 214, 215, 274, 280, 287. 
-Parliamentary revolt of, 289. 



the Spanish treasure, to be 

waylaid by Hawkins, 173. 
Fleming : 

Mary, Queen of the Bean, 11, 12. 
Sir William, messenger between 
Prince Charles and the Scots, 
219, 221. 

Flemings, summoned to France, 153. 
Florence [Italy], Dukes of. See 
Medici, Cosmo. See Ferdi- 
nand II. 

Cavalcanti going to, 9. 
painter from, 44, 50. 
Prince Charles appeals to, 244. 
Florentines, in London, 21. 
Florida, 54, 55, 62. 

visited by Hawkins, 66. 
Floyde, [? Lloyd, Hugh] Mr., Chap- 
lain to Charles II, 256. 
Flushing [Vlissingen, Zeeland], the 
Earl of Leicester expected at, 
180. 
memorial of Otto de la Porte, 

merchant of, 232. 
Foix [Paul de], 99. 
Foliot, Thomas, Lord, commander of 

a Derry regiment, 257. 
Folly John [Berks], 188. 
Fontainebleau [France], 100. 
Foord, Sir Edward, letter from, 
concerning Portsmouth and 
Southampton, 283. 
Ford, Richard, merchant of Rotter- 
dam, 227. 

letters from, 274, 275, 291. 
letter to, 271. 
lends money to Prince Charles, 

271, 274, 275. 
Foot, Joshua, lends money to Prince 

Charles, 285. 
Forcheim [Bavaria], Wrangel near, 

235. 
Forster, Sir John, Warden of the 

Middle Marches, 66. 
Fortescue, Sir Edmund, holds Sal- 
combe for Charles I, 277. 
Fortini, Baptista, in London, 21. 



Foster : 

Mr., of New College, Oxford, 

89, 90. 

Colonel, a Royalist, 281. 
Fountagne, Peter. See La Fontaine, 

de. 

Fowler, Mr., 76, 77. 
Fourquevaulx, de, Raymond de 
Beccarie, French Ambassador 
in Spain, 114, 115. 
Fox [? Foxe, John], a Protestant 

divine, 2. 
Foxe, Colonel, letter to, 208. 

Mr. Somerset, at Havre, 213. 
France, 48, 55, 62, 200, 204, 208, 

224, 249, 252, 253, 303. 
Admiral of. See Coligny. 
Admiralty Court of, at Dieppe, 

193 sq. 

advices from, 42. 
Agent from, in Ireland, 249. 
Ambassadors of. See Ambas- 
sadors. 
Chancellor of, Michel de 

1'Hopital, 31, 97, 109, 110. 
Constable of. See Bourbon, 
Charles, Duke of. See Mont- 
morency, Anne. 

Constableship of, 102, 107, 111. 
Court of, 252. 
cruelty of, towards Frenchmen, 

117. 
dangers to Elizabeth, in rupture 

with, 13. 

' divisions in, 75. 
Elizabeth's relations with, 5, 

12, 13, 29. 
exiles from, to return from 

England, 164. 

Grand Escuyer de, le Due de 
Rouanais [Claude Gouffier], 
134. 

, released by Conde, 145. 
Kings of : 

Charles VI, ordonnances 

of, about prizes, 194. 
Charles IX, 17, 19-21, 26, 
29, 31, 32, 52, 54, 62, 
105-111, 113, 122, 123, 
125, 126, 129, 133, 136- 
139, 142, 155, 160. 
, letters from, 105, 106. 

, to, 105. 

, makes Treaty of 

Troyes, 17, 18, 28, 
29. 
-, wishes Robert Dudley 



to be sent to ratify Treaty 
of Troyes, 18. 
, question of precedence 
of his Ambassador at 
Rome, 20-22. 



335 



France, Kings of, Charles IX cont. 

, receives Dukes of 

Ferrara and Savoy, 27. 

-, advised not to break 

the Edict of Orleans, 31. 
-, visit to Marseilles, 32 ; 



andAix, 31, 32. 

-, Swiss agree to serve 



under, 40. 
, requests the Pope to 
make new Cardinals, 45. 
, disposed to amity 
with Elizabeth, 48, 121. 
-, sends Order of St. 



Michel to Earl of 
Leicester, 54. 
, averse to an English 
marriage for Mary, Queen 
of Scots, 54. 

, restores Corsica to 
Genoa, 61. 

, desires to reconcile the 
Guises and Conde, 74, 75. 
, dispute in his presence 
between Montpensier and 
1'Hopital, 97. 
, to marry Elizabeth of 
Austria, 102. 
, orders Provost of 
Paris to release Barnaby, 
105. 

, anxious to release 
Mary, Queen of Scots and 
to secure Prince James of 
Scotland, 106, 120. 
, relations of, with 



Philip of Spain, 108. 
, interview of, with 
Zuleger, envoy of Elector 
Palatine, 109 sq. 
, recalls ambassador 
from Portugal, 114. 
-, urged by King of 



Spain to persecute Hugue- 
nots, 115. 

, anxious to know 
whether Elizabeth will 
marry, 121. 
-, advised by Mont- 



morency to be friendly 
with England, 121. 
, proclamation of [la 
courte paix ?], 129. 
, sends de Mande to 
Scotland, 130. 
, disposed for conces- 
sions to Huguenots, 132. 
, sends his portrait to 
Earl of Leicester, 132. 
, dangerously ill, 132. 
, annoyed at a message 
from Elizabeth, 133. 



France, Kings of, Charles IX cont. 

, leaves Paris, 135. 

, tries to persuade 

Orange to retire, 139, 142. 

, his movements, 146. 

-, sends galleys to Scot- 



land, 150. 

, not disposed to quarrel 

with Elizabeth, 151. 
, at Metz, 153. 

, pledges jewels at 

Venice, 154. 

, threatened by the 

Palsgrave, 156. 

, tries to stop advance 

of Deux-Ponts, 157. 
, supported by Alva, 

159. 

, sells abbey -lands, 161. 

, persuades Marquis of 

Baden to attack Norreys, 

162. 

,in personal danger, 1 63. 
-, the rise of his brother 



Henry dangerous to him, 
174. 
-, Treasurer to. See 



Grandeville. 
, Valet of the Chamber 

to. See Du Court. 
Francis I, rebellion of Duke 

of Bourbon against, en- 
couraged by Henry VIII, 

152. 
, ordonnances about 

prizes, 195. 
Henry II, the Interim due 

to, 110. 
Henry III, ordonnances 

of, about prizes, 195 sq. 
Henry IV, 157, 161. 
Louis XIV, Charles II seeks 

his support, 252, 277. 

, Marine of, Conseil de 

la, rigour of, 193 sq. 
knight of, taken at Malta, 61. 
Queens of : 

Anne of Austria, 252. 
Catherine de Medici, 18-20, 

27, 29, 32, 48, 100, 109, 

111, 121, 122, 132. 
, promises release of 

Killigrew, 10. 

, warns Coligny of 

danger, 11. 
, requests Pius IV to 

make new cardinals, 45. 

, at Bayonne, 49, 52. 

, anxious for peace, 74, 

75, 96, 113, 131. 
, will not sit beside the 



saddle, 99. 



336 



France, Queens of, Catherine de 
Medici cont. 

, her government mis- 
liked in Paris, 99, 122. 

, and the Constableship 

of France, 102, 107. 
-, intrigues with Maxi- 



milian II, 102. 

, reconciled with Spain, 

108. 

, at the interview with 

Zuleger, 109 sq. 

, opposed to Cardinal 

of Lorraine, 117, 131. 

, fire at her lodging, 

142. 

, willing to cede Metz, 

147. 
Franchiotto, Signer H., letter from, 

136. 
Franconia, Diet of, 234, 235, 240. 

Swedes in, 241. 

Francourt, an Agent for Conde, 

treats with Deux- Fonts, 138. 

Frankenthal, Francedal [Palatinate], 

234. 
its restoration to Charles Lewis, 

254. 
Frankfort [on Maine], 85, 151. 

letters dated from, 233-236, 

240. 

Diet at, 165. 
Montrose sent to, 254. 
peace rejoicings at [1648], 235. 
Fraser, Dr. [Alexander], physician 

to Charles II, 256. 
Freeman : 

Mr., quarterwaiter to Charles II, 

255. 

Mrs., laundress to Charles II, 256. 
Frederick III, Elector Palatine, 
5, 83-85, 109-111, 116, 156, 
157, 159. 
letter from, 154. 
, mentioned, 156. 



to, 152. 



complains of the execution of 
Egmont, 119, 126, 136. 

desires money from Elizabeth, 
156. 

to marry Brederode's widow, 

154. 
Frederick, Don, of Toledo, Alva's 

son, 135, 173. 
Fregoso, Octavian, General of French 

galleys, 126. 
French : 

report at Madrid of their vic- 
tory at Havre, 13. 

in Florida, 54, 55. 

in Thirty Years War and after, 
231, 234-236. 



French cont. 

take up Dutch ships, 204. 
threatened with war by 

Catholic powers, 106. 
French, Captain Oliver, Alderman 

of Galway, 291. 
Frenz, M. de, quarrels with de 

Bonavidiz, 55. 

Friars report in Paris that England 
is restored to the Roman 
Church, 97. 

Friesland, Duke of Alva in, 125. 
Friesland, East : 

Anna, Countess Dowager of 
letters from, 53, 62. 

, John, her son, promised 

money by Elizabeth, 53, 62. 
-, their grant to Merchants 



Adventurers, 73. 
English trade with, 43. 
Count [Ennon Louis] of, Count 

of Emden, 257. 
Frisian Sea, nearer route to 

Cathayia, 6. 
Fritwell [Oxon], Earl of Rutland's 

tenants at, 177. 
Frost, Walter, Clerk of the Council 

of State, 266. 
Fuensaldaigno [Alonzo Perez de 

Vivero], Conde de, letter 

from, 206. 
Fulford, Foulforth [Yorks], letter 

dated from, 201. 
Fulham [Middlesex], letter dated 

from, 145. 
Fulke, William, Fellow of St. John's 

College, Cambridge, 165. 
Furlimpoli in Romagna [Italy], 37. 
Furniture for sale, 139. 
Furs, trade in, 143. 



Gaeta [Italy], 40. 

Galese, Gaelese [Italy ?], an estate, 

36, 38. 
Galleys, improved by Garcia di 

Toledo, 61. 

movements of, 24, 26, 27, 33, 
40, 41, 42, 45, 47, 48, 59, 60, 
61, 64, 99, 126. 

English prisoners on, at Mar- 
seilles, 99. 

to trouble Scotland, 150. 
Galloway [Kirkcudbrightshire], letter 

dated from, 284. 
Bishop of, 177. 



337 



Gaily, John, of Jersey, a traitor, 

212. 

Galway [Ireland], 291. 
Gamahul, Gaspar, correspondent of 

Henry Killigrew, 164. 
Gamekeepers, appointment of, 268. 
Garcia de Toledo [Viceroy of Sicily], 
26, 27, 36, 40, 59, 61, 62, 64, 
65. 

relieves Malta, 64. 
Gardener, Mr., taken for tampering 
with Portland and Plymouth, 
300. 
Garendon [Leicestershire], letter 

dated from, 104. 
Garrett, Mr., at Havre, 213. 
Garter, Order of the : 

for Charles IX of France, 73. 
for Francois, Due de Mont- 

morenci, 121. 

Knights of, at Windsor, 89. 
Gascoigne, Sir Bernard, in prison at 

Windsor, 290. 
Gascony, 87, 99. 

for religion, 132. 
troops from, at Poitiers, 138. 
Gasenne [France, ? Jazeneuil], fight- 
ing at, 137. 
Gastoldo, John Baptista, a General, 

37. 

Geislingen [Wurtemberg], 84. 
Geneva, 19, 126. 

threatened by France, the Pope 

and Spain, 27. 
Genlis [Frangois de Hangest], a 

Huguenot captain, 139. 
his death, 153. 
Genoa [Italy], 42, 44-48, 99, 100, 

102, 103. 
Archduke Charles embarks at, 

137. 

advices from, 42. 
at war with Pietro Corso, 52. 
Consul of Charles II at, 263. 
Genoese, in Corsica, 29, 61. 

suspicious of cession of Saresana 

and Saresanella,-20. 
Georgesson, Cornelius, of Amster- 
dam, 5. 

his son in London, 5. 
Gerard (Jarret) : 

Charles, Baron, 208. 252. 

, letter from, 275. 
, Gentleman of Bed- 
chamber to Charles II, 255. 
John, pass for, 276. 
Gerbier, Sir Balthasar, cipher used 

with, 308. 
German : 

Bishops, 4, 174. 

Princes, 23, 159, 164, 165, 186. 

, deliberate at Cologne, 137. 



German, Princes cont. 

- , Elizabeth advised 



to 



support, 152. 

, desire Maximilian not to 
lend money to France and 
Spain, 136. 

offer to aid Maximilian 



against the Turk, 86, 99. 
horsemen, 156. 

troops after Peace of West- 
phalia, 235. 

Germany, 23, 62, 82-85, 103,108, 157. 

state of religion in, 4, 101, 109. 

Low, Swedish forces in, 257. 

Ghent [Flanders], horse fair at, 50. 

Gilbie [? Gilby, Anthony], a 

Protestant divine, 2. 
Gillingham [Kent], 165. 
Gilpin, George, letters from, 7, 69, 

137. 

at Brussels, 14, 15. 

Giovanna or Joanna, daughter of 

Emperor Ferdinand I, 20, 48. 

refused to Duke of Ferrara, 27. 

proposed marriage of, to the 

Vaivode, 27. 

Giraldus Cambrensis quoted, 87. 
Glamorgan, Earl of. See Somerset, 

Edward. 

Glasgow, letter dated from, 118. 
Parliament at, 145. 
Bishop of. See Beaton, James. 
Glattaw [? Poland], 241. 
Glencairn, Alexander, fifth Earl of. 
See Cunningham, Alexander. 
Glens, Glyns, the [co. Antrim], 87, 

124. 

Glienne [? Green], a Royalist, 264. 
Gloucester, Deanery of, Dr. Cooper 
recommended for, 153, 161. 
Gloucestershire, 203. 

receiver of revenues in [Robert 

Long], 278. 
Glover : 

George, suspected at Paris, 113. 
Agent for Russia Company, 143, 

149. 

Gloves, perfumed, 25. 
Godfrey, Lambarde, signs for County 

Committee of Kent, 204. 
Godwyn, Thomas, Dean of Christ 
Church, Oxford, letter from, 
92. 

Gogh [? John], a Protestant divine, 3. 
" Golden Bull," in Brabant, 183. 
Golding, Captain, ordered to appear 

before Prince Charles, 285. 
Goletta [? Tunis], 61. 
Gold, for Prince Charles, 228, 274, 

283. 

Gonor or Gonora, de, sent to England 
with Treaty of Troyes, 18, 75. 
p 22 



338 



Gonzago : 

Louis de, Prince of Mantua, 49. 

, marries Henrietta de 

Nevers, 18, 42. 

offers to join Maximilian 

against the Turk, 86. 

to take Treaty of Troyes 

to England, 18. 

Cardinal, 40. 

Goppingen [Wurtemberg], 84. 
Gordon : 

George, Earl of Huntley, 76, 

77, 118. 

, at Glasgow for a Parlia- 
ment, 145. 
George, Marquis of Huntley, 

252. 
John, Earl of Sutherland, 

released, 76. 
Captain William, 280. 
Lieut. William, 280. 
Goree [Holland], 204, 220, 275, 279. 
letter dated from, 289. 
goods seized at, 275. 
Goring : 

George, Earl of Norwich, letters 

to, 281, 283. 
, at Colchester, 213. 
, Commander - in - Chief, 

1648, 273. 
George, Baron, 214, 218, 229, 

246, 293. 

, letter from, 290. 

, to, 282. 

, wishes to entertain Duke 

of York at Brussels, 247. 
Gotha [Germany], siege of, 101. 
Gouffier, Claude. See France, Grand 

Escuyer de. 
Gough, Goffe : 

Dr. Stephen, 278, 293. 

, letters from, 282, 287, 290. 

, and instructions 

to, 215, 276, 279, 280, 282, 

285, 287. 
, sent to Rotterdam to 

raise money, 215, 216. 

, at the Hague, 202. 

sent to Prince of Orange, 



Graham, James, Marquis of Mont- 
rose cont. 

, letters from, 253, 254, 278, 



289. 



233. 

, his failings, 202. 

John. See Gogh. 

Goulain, Rene de Laudonniere, 
Villa Gallion, a Frenchman 
at Terra Florida, 62. 
Goyland [West Friesland], Bailliage 
of, granted to son of Andrew 
Pauw, 251. 
Grace, Piers, 92. 
Graham : 

James, Marquis of Montr ose, 
246, 258, 287, 304, 



to, 207, 279. 



, sent to Germany, &c., 253, 
272. 

, memorandum for, in his 
own hand, 257. 
-, to receive arms, 260. 



John, later third Earl of Mont- 
rose, at Langside, 118. 
William, Earl of Menteith, at 

Langside, 118. 
Grammont, Grandemoun, Count of, 

a Huguenot, 100, 132. 
Grandeville, Treasurer to Charles 

IX, 75. 

Grantz de Pommar. See Pommar. 
Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de, 
Cardinal, against England, 
16. 

in Burgundy, 69. 
Gravelines [Flanders], the Governor 

of, 40. 

Gravesend [Kent], 23, 266. 
Gray, Graye, Grey, Greye : 

Lady Catherine, wife of Lord 

Hertford, 72, 73. 
Lady Mary, letter from, asking 
forgiveness for her marriage, 
95. 

William, Baron Grey de Wilton, 
Governor of Berwick, 80, 145. 
Mr., a seaman, 165. 
Great[h]am [co. Durham], hospital 

at, 154. 

Great Wardrobe. See Wardrobe. 
Greek : 

a Christian, flayed at Con- 
stantinople, 20. 

language studied at Con- 
stantinople, 20. 
Green, Captain Richard, a Royalist. 

208. 
letter from, 306. 

to, 209. 

Greenland, passage between, and 

Norway and Lapland, 6. 
English "fleet" to, 301. 
Green vill, or Grenewiche, Thomas, 
prebendary in Hereford 
Cathedral, 96 note, 98. 
Greenwich [Kent], 112. 

warrant dated from, 1. 
letter dated from, 182. 
observatory, 270. 

, letter dated from, 269. 
Greenwood, Wm., Commission for, 
to keep Yarmouth for the 
King, 282. 
Gregory III, Pope, his crest, 178. 



339 



Gregory, Dr. [David], astronomer, 

269. 

Grenfild, Mr., a Royalist, 264. 
Grenville, Sir John, Governor of 
Scilly, 227, 248, 260, 285, 303. 
instructions for, 230. 
letters from, 259, 276, 278. 
warrant to, for a seal for 

Admiralty Court, 285. 
" Grenyll," a messenger, 92. 
Gresham, Gressham, Sir Thomas, 

98, 113, 137. 
letter from, 142. 
case of, 7. 
character of, 6. 
his servant, Richard Clough, 

35, 172. 

Grey Friars, Council of, at Brussels, 8. 
Griel, Jean, appears for English 
Ambassador in French Prize 
Court at Dieppe, 193. 
Griffin, Mr., 123. 

Griffith, Captain, letter from, 304. 
disburses money for Charles II, 

286. 

letter of, for commissions, 287. 
Grindal, Edmund, Bishop of London, 

letters from, 145, 148, 161. 
Grisons, the [Switzerland], 48. 
Groat, Elizabeth and Malcombe, 267. 
Groningen, garrison at, 148. 
Louis of Nassau at, 124. 
no ships at, 148. 

Grove, Major, warranted for what 
he attempted in Cornwall, 
278. 

Gualterotti, Monsr. Phillippo, 51. 
Guernsey, 283, 285, 287. 

attacked by Royalists, 274, 275. 
Dean of, 80. 
factions in, 80. 
Jurats of, 80. 
See also Castle Cornett. 
Guidubaldo II, Duke of Urbino, 36, 

38, 59, 61. 
at Rome, 19. 
Guienne, Gyan, 87. 
Guildford [Surrey], 64. 
Guinea [Africa], Company, 285. 

owners of the Cormalin frigate, 

271. 
Guise : 

Anne, Duchess of, 42. 

Claude, Duke of Aurnale. See 

Aumale. 

Francis, Duke of, 11, 42, 75. 
Henry, Duke of, 74, 120, 136, 

137. 

House of, 42, 74, 109, 110, 132. 
Louis, Cardinal of, 162. 
Gunpowder and ammunition, at 
Antwerp, 44 ? 46, 51. 



Gunpowder and ammunition cont. 
at Calais, 1. 
for Elizabeth, 44, 51. 
for Charles II, 213, 214, 217, 
227, 248, 253, 259, 263, 271, 
292. 

Guns, &c., 60, 204, 225, 228, 239, 
240, 248, 253, 259, 260, 262, 
263, 271. 

Gurone. See Bertano. 

Guttridge, William, master-gunner, 
killed in Scotland, pension 
for his widow Elizabeth, 
certified by Cromwell, 266. 

Guzman, Don Diego Guzman de 
Silva. See Silva. 

Gysland [Gilsland ?], Northumber- 
land, 86. 



H 



Hachicourt, Sieur de. See Mont- 
morency, Philip. 

Hackett [Halkhead, Hawkhead, 
alias James, Lord Ross], 
taken at Langside, 118. 

Haddenham [Cambridgeshire], lease 
of pasture at, granted to 
Lord St. John of Bletso, 157. 
inhabitants of, bound by this 
lease to maintain a bank in 
the fens, 158. 

Haddington [Scotland], 80. 

Haddon, Walter, Commissioner at 
Bruges, 56. 

Hagard, Colonel, 272. 

Hague, the, 180, 181, 201, 233, 264, 

285 287 

letters ' dated from, 205, 206, 
208, 221, 226-230, 232, 233, 
235, 237, 240-242, 247, 250, 
251, 253, 256, 258, 264, 271, 
272, 275, 276, 285, 290, 295. 

Halberstadt [Germany], Diet at, 7. 

Hale, Mr. [? Sir Matthew], cipher of, 
308. 

Haliday, Adam, a Protestant 
divine, 2. 

Halifax, George, Marquis of. See 
Savile, George. 

Hall, Mr., scholarship at Winchester 
College sought for his son, 
284. 

Halley [Edmund], astronomer, his 
Theory of the Variations, 269. 

Halliburton, Mr., desires a com- 
mission, 254, 



340 



Ham [Picardy], Prince of Orange at, 

137. 
Hamburg [Germany], letters dated 

from 3, 148, 151, 156, 158. 
news from, 164, 165. 
convention at, 164. 
English trade with, 149. 
Herrle at, 7. 
Killigrew's journey from, to 

Heidelberg, 153. 
merchants of Flanders become 

burgesses of, 149. 
Montrose at, 272. 
reception of rebel envoys at, 

the Emperor to be asked to 

prevent, 259. 
refuses to lend money to 

Emperor Ferdinand, 4. 
ships detained by King of 

Denmark, 4. 
ship, perhaps carrying embassy 

from Scotch Papists, lost on 

coast of, 148. 
support of, sought for Charles 

II, 216, 257. 
threatened by Danes and Duke 

of Holstein, 149. 
Hamilton : 

Sir George, to employ Irish 

refiners, 249. 
James, Duke of Chatelherault, 

66, 70, 71, 104. 

, letter from, 68. 

, movements of, 125-130, 

132. 

, Elizabeth tries to in- 
fluence, 129. 
-, proclaims a commission, 



150. 
James, first Duke of Hamilton, 

letter from, 221, 290. 
, letters to, mentioned, 

225, 226. 
James, Earl of Arran, his son 

taken by the Inquisition, 60. 
Sir James, taken at Langside, 

118. 
John, Archbishop of St. 

Andrews, 118. 
" Hamleton," Capt. Robert, 

warrant to apprehend, 257. 
William, Earl of Lanerick, 227. 

, letter from, 221. 

> , letters to, 229, 244, 247, 

272, 274, 284. 

the "Hamiltons," 118, 145. 
Hamilton Castle [Lanarkshire], 118. 
Hammond : 

Anthony, letters from, written 

from the Royalist fleet, 274, 

292. 
, letters to, 281, 293, 



Hammond, Anthony cont. 

, commission for, 283. 

Colonel Robert, Governor of 
Carisbrooke Castle, 224. 

, letter from, 222. 

, in difficulties for pay for 

his men, -222, 223. 
-, talks with Charles I, 224. 



Colonel, bearer of a letter from 

Charles II to Ormond, 253. 
Hampshire, Elizabeth's proposed 

progress to, 162. 
sickness in, 162. 

Hampton [Hants]. See South- 
ampton. 
Hampton Court [Middlesex], Wm. 

Appleyard at, 111. 
Hancock, Mr., a Protestant divine, 3. 
Harach [Ernest Albert von], 

Cardinal, 236. 

Hardenberg, alias Albert, Dr., 4. 
Harding, Robert, Master of the 

Jonathan, 296. 
lends money to Prince Charles, 

285. 
Hardinge : 

Dick, 238. 

Mr., Groom of the Chamber of 

Charles II, 255. 
Harfleet, Harfluett, Thomas. See 

also Hartfelt. 
letters to, 279, 282. 
instructions to Duke of York, 

289. 
Harrington : 

[Henry ?], nephew to Sir H. 
Sidney, his proposed mar- 
riage, 91. 
Sir James, father of above. 

91. 

[William], 114. 
Harmand, Captain, corrupted by 

[Michael] Jones, 300. 
Harper, Richard, letter from, 272. 
Harris, John, Warden of Winchester 

College, letter to, 284. 
Harrison, Colonel Thomas, petitions 
in favour of his trumpet, 
Rowland Day, 267. 
Hart, Dr. Richard, letters from, 205, 

242, 289. 
his commission as Admiralty 

Judge, 222, 243. 
in debt at Rotterdam, 243. 
question of his going to sea with 

the Fleet, 242. 

Hartfelt, Mr., 225. See next entry. 
Hartichsvelt, Myn Herr, advances 

money to Charles II, 303. 
Hartlebury [Worcester], letter dated 

from, 44. 
Harwich [Essex], 151, 



341 



Hastings : 

Edward, Lord, letter from, 125. 

Henry, Baron Loughborough, 
buys ships in Holland, 265. 

Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, 80. 
Hatton, Christopher, first Baron, 249. 
Haulloy, M., de, 110. 
Havel, Mr., a Protestant divine, 3. 
Havre de Grace, Newhaven [France], 
11, 13, 208. 

letters dated from, 48, 275. 

loss of, reported in Spain, 13. 

Prince Charles enquires about 

ammunition at, 213, 214. 
Hawkins, John, letter from, 65, 173. 

proposes an enterprise, 173. 
Hawks, the Earl of Leicester's, 145. 
Hay: 

Lucy, Countess of Carlisle, 306. 
-, letters from, 272, 273, 294, 



305. 



to, 284, 295, 296. 



, a prisoner, 295. 

, blanks for, as to Colchester, 

296. 
, commends Sir W. Batten 

to Prince Charles, 294. 
, Lord Peterborough 

to Prince Charles, 295. 

Mr. Low to Prince 



Charles, 305. 
, levies money 
Prince, 295. 
-, money to be paid to, 296. 



for the 



William, Baron Yester, 118. 
Hays, Claude, of Calais, complains 

of seizure of a shallop, 228. 
Haywarde, Alderman, Governor of 

the Russia Company, 143. 
Heenvliet, John, Baron de Kerchove, 
letters to, 200, 203. 
created Baron, 203. 
on precedency between Princess 
Royal and Electress of 
Brandenburg, 204. See also 
Henflit. 
Heidelberg [Germany], 151, 156, 158. 

letter dated from, 154. 
Heilbron, Halbron, Turenne going 

to, 235. 
tries to raise money in 1648, 

236. 

Hellard, Mr. Daniel, appears at 
Dieppe for owners of ships 
seized by French, 193. 
Helmarten [? Hilmarton, Wilts], 

vicasage of, 101. 

Helvoetsluis, Helford Sluice [Hol- 
land], 204, 239, 245, 279, 293. 
letters dated from, 215, 218, 
231, 271, 275, 279, 280, 282. 
Duke of York at, 222. 



Henderson, Sir William, commended 

to King of Denmark, 237. 
Henadge, Heneage : 
Mr., 79, 119. 
Thomas, intrigues against 

Leicester, 112. 
Henflit, Monsieur, lends money to 

Charles II, 304. 
Hennyng, on borders of Lorraine, 

131. 
Henrick, Mr., trumpeter to Charles 

II, 256. 

Henrietta Maria, Queen of England, 
206, 214, 218, 229, 233, 246, 
248, 249, 287, 288. 
letter from, 208. 
letter to, 287. 
Henrietta Anne [Duchess of Orleans], 

money issued for, 260. 
Henry VII, reverses Act of Bastardy 
against children of Edward 
IV, 1. 
Henry VIII, 23. 

warrants from, 1. 
law against the Commotha in 
Wales and the Marches, 
98. 
offers pension to a luteplayer, 

30. 
supports Duke of Bourbon 

against Francis I, 152. 
statute of, limiting export of 

cloth, 191. 
Henshaw, Hanshaw [Major Thos. ?], 

letter from, 276, 277. 
Hepburn, James, Earl of Bothwell, 

13, 14, 53, 66, 103, 168. 
refuses to go to Mass, 77. 
his marriage with Mary Queen 

of Scots, 101. 
Lords of the Congregation upon 

his case, 104, 119. 
flight of, 106. 
at Malmoze, 149. 
Hepburns, the, 145. 
Herault, John, a fugitive from 

Jersey, 212. 
Herbert : 

Sir Edward, Attorney-General, 

letter to, 203. 

Mr. [Edward], at Augsburg, 85. 
Henry, second Earl of Pem- 
broke, letter to, 182. 

, Lady Mary [Sidney], his 

wife, 182. 

, William, his son, 182. 

Philip, Earl of Pembroke, Lord 
Chamberlain, letter to, 199. 
William, first Earl of Pembroke, 
79, 81, 103, 111, 128. 

, letter to, 121. 

Hercules. See Trinchetta. 



342 



Hereford, letter dated from, 51. 
Bishop of. See Scory, John. 
Dean and Chapter of, 98. 
Prebend in Cathedral of, 96. 
Rural Deans of Diocese of, 

letters to, 96, 98. 

Hernando. See Ferdinand, Arch- 
duke. 
Herries, Herrys, John, Lord. See 

Maxwell, John. 

Herrle, W[illiam], letters from, 3, 40. 
journey of, from Antwerp to 

Hamburg, 3 sq. 

Hertford, Earls of. See Seymour, 
Edward ; Seymour, William. 
Hertogenbosch or Bois le Due 
[Brabant], 101. 



Landgravine [Hedwig Sophia] 

of, 254, 258". 
Landgrave [Philip] of, 83. 
, lends money to Orange, 

125. 
-, Killigrew sent to, 164. 



Landgrave [William] of, promises 
goodwill to English traders 
at Emden, 23. 

Landgrave [William VI] of, 
appealed to, for Charles II, 
257. 

Heusch, Michel, of Calais, com- 
plains of seizure of a shallop, 
228. 

Hewson, John, Page of the Bed- 
chamber of Charles II, 255. 
Hill, Alexander, a servant to Charles 

II, 256. 
Hirter, Herte, Heurter, Colonel John 

Philip, 258. 
letter from, 243. 
recommends a general, 243. 
recommended for a command, 

281. 

sent to Duke of Lorraine, 285. 
Hoby, Hobbie, Sir Philip, 67. 

his younger brother [Thomas], 

67. 
Hochst [Germany], given up by the 

French, 241. 

Hoddesdon, Christopher, letter from, 
appealing against a fine im- 
posed on him by the Russia 
Company, 143. 
Hog, John, of Leith, 170. 
Holdich, Mr., servant to Lord 

Sussex, 91. 
Holland, 148, 203, 220, 226, and 

passim. 

Alva tries to get ships in, 154. 
coast of, 22. 

conveyance of Royalists to, 
from London, 266. 



Holland cont. 

courts of, 237, 239. 

horses from, 44, 50. 

no Spanish ships at, 148. 

peace with (1674), Evelyn's 

paper written in view of, 267. 
Prince Charles going to, 209. 

at, 226. 

States-General of, 217, 218, 231, 

245. 
, Sir W. Boswell sent to, 



216, 287. 



-, his speech to, 287. 



-, Provincial of, 217. 



Holland, Henry, Earl of. See Rich. 
Holies, Francis, Baron, letter from, 

269. 

Holmer [Bucks], 188. 
Holstein : 

Adolphus, Duke of, threatens 

Hamburg, 149. 
Frederick III, Duke of, 257. 
Swedish forces in, 257. 
Home, Hume : 

Alexander, Baron, 101. 

at Langside, 118. 

goes to rescue Wawhton House, 

145. 
" out " with Francis, Earl of 

Bedford, 79. 

Castle [Berwickshire], 68. 
Hompfrey. See Humpfrey. 
Hougarde, Hocgarden, Flanders, 

136. 
Honnyng, warrant countersigned by, 

3. 

Honywood, Sir John, letter to, 203. 
Hoogstraeten, Count of, " Austrode," 

97, 133. 
Hooper, Sir Thomas, instructions 

for, 213. 
Hoperus [Joachim], sent to John 

Shers, 15, 69. 
Hopton : 

Sir Arthur, ambassador in 

Spain, his cipher, 308. 
Ralph, Baron, 245, 253, 258. 

, letters from, 289, 290. 

, - - to, 258, 275, 296, 
303, 306. 
-, sent to King of Denmark, 



258. 
Horn, Philip de Montmorency, Count 

of, 97, 138. 

[Holland], Admiralty of, 275. 
Home, Robert, Bishop of Win- 
chester, 88. 
letters from, 136, 162. 
his London house wanted for 

D'Espes, 162. 

Horrocks, Mr. [Jeremiah], astrono- 
mer, 270. 



343 



Horse fairs, 50. 

Horses, as gifts, 12, 14, 18-20, 26, 

44, 49, 51, 54, 82, 155. 
breeding of, 44. 
for Mary Queen of Scots at 

Bolton, 124. 

purchase of, 27, 35, 44, 46, 50. 
Horsey, Edward, 91. 

letter from, about seizure of 
Spanish money at South- 
ampton, 139. 

Horton, Mr., a Protestant divine, 2. 
Horwood, Mrs. [? Jane Whorwood], 

300, 304. 
Hoseus, Hosius, Cardinal, of 

Poland, 149. 
Howard : 

Charles, Lord [of Charlton and 
Andover], letter from, 207. 

, gentleman of Bedchamber 

to Charles II, 255. 
Henry Frederick, Earl of 
Arundel, letter from, 206. 

, his son Henry, 206. 

Thomas, fourth Duke of Nor- 
folk, 80, 142, 167-170. 

, intrigues against Leicester, 

112. 

Thomas, Viscount Howard of 
Bindon, fined for abusing a 
witness, 68. 
Sir Thomas, 289, 296. 
Huggins, Robert, letters from, 54, 

61, 80. 

Huggon, Huggons, Mr., brother-in- 
law to Wm. Appleyard, 103, 
111, 119. 
Hugonis, a friar sent by Charles IX 

to Philip II, 107. 
Huguenots. See Protestants. 
Hull [Yorks], 201, 266, 282, 285. 
Col. Overton, Governor of, 272. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Humpfrey, Humfrey, Hompfrey 
[Laurence], a Protestant di- 
vine, 2. 

letters from, 87, 88, 166. 
complains of decay of reading 
at Corpus College, Oxford, 88. 
recommended for Vice-Chancel- 
lorship of Oxford University, 
101. 
refuses to wear prescribed 

apparel, 87-89. 
to dispute before Leicester at 

Oxford, 155. 
Hungary, 60, 69, 85, 98. 

Ferdinand III to go to, 236. 
nobles of, join the Vaivode, 154. 
Hungerford, Anna, Lady, letter 

from, 77. 
allegations against, 144. 



Hunkes, Robert, Sheriff of 

Worcestershire, 44. 
Hunsdon, Barons. See Carey, 

Henry ; Carey, George. 
Hunting, 108, 164. 
Huntingdon, Earl of. See Hastings, 

Henry. 
Huntley, Marquis and Earl of. See 

Gordon. 

Hussey, Mr., 177. 
Huy [Flanders], 131, 133. 
Hyde, Edward [Earl of Clarendon], 

letters from, 273, 289, 290. 
one of Henrietta Maria's Council 

at Paris, 208, 302. 
sent with Cottington to 

Brussels and Spain, 256. 
taken at sea, 273. 
Chancellor of Exchequer, 257, 

302, 
sent to London, 284. 



I 



lacomoe, an Italian living at 

Southampton, 140. 
Ides, Mr., Falconer to Charles II, 

256. 

If [Provence], 32. 
He Bouchard, L' [France], besieged 

by Conde, 139. 
Import duty on wines, farming of, 

190. 

Inch, the [co. Down], 87. 
Inchquin, Murrough, Lord. See 

O'Brien. 
Indies, King of the, ambassador 

from, at Constantinople, " uno 

antropofago," 21. 
West, 296. 
, vessel coming from, 

taken by Irish man-of-war, 

277. 

. See St. Christopher ; See 

Montserrat. 

Indies fleet arrives in Spain, 29. 
Inglefield, Sir Francis. See Engle- 

field. 
Ingram, Israel, Bailiff of Great 

Yarmouth, commission to, 

282, 290. 

Injunction for caps and tippets, 33, 
Inner wick [Haddingtonshire], Laird 

of, prisoner after Langside, 

118. 



344 



Inniskillen [Ireland], letter of some 

inhabitants of, 277. 
Innocent X, Pope, opposed to Treaty 

of Westphalia, 235. 
appeal to, against excommunica- 
tion, by Rinuccini, 287. 
provides money for the Berg- 

strasse, 236. 
Inquisition, in Naples, 42. 

in Sicily, 160. 

Intercourse, the, 14, 16, 56. 
Interim, the, 4, 110. 

Plein desired by Conde, 132. 
Ipswich [Suffolk], wine duties at, 

190. 
Ireland, 97, 124, 254, 260, 262, 277, 

287, 290, 291. 
administration of, 63, 86, 87, 

90, 91. 
advice of Sir T. Cusack for 

government of, 25, 26, 62. 
Apsley's instructions as to, 241. 
arms for, 253, 260. 
Catholic Bishops of, letter from, 

291. 

Cessation, the, of 1643, 287. 
Prince Charles, in relation to. 

See Charles, Prince, 
commissions for officers in, 257. 
confederate Roman Catholics in, 

212. 

corn from Holland for, 204, 294. 
Council in, 34. 

, letter to, 264. 
Deputy of. See Croft, Sir Jas. ; 
See Ormond, Marquis of ; See 
Sidney, Sir Henry, 
foreign merchants to be attracted 

to, 248. 

French agent in, 1648-9, 249. 
Great Seal, &c., for, 249. 
Lord Justice of. See Plunket, 

Thos. 

Ormond's powers in, 212. 
Papal Nuncio's action in, 287. 
pay due to officials in, 181. 
peace to be arranged for, by 
concessions to Catholics, 212. 
petition for Academy in, 43. 
Portuguese agent in, 252. 
Protestant churches in, 212. 
soldiers to be brought from, 

263. 

Spanish agent in, 1648-9, 249. 
state of, 1648-9, 248, 291, 299, 

300. 
sympathy of certain places in, 

with Charles II, 277. 
warrants to apprehend certain 

men in, 257. 

wine shipped from Scotland to, 
124. 



Irish, the, 245. 

Ireton, Henry, in Ireland, 300. 
Iron "vessel," to be sent by Sir H. 
Norreys to the Earl of 
Leicester, 117. 
Isabella [of France], Queen of Spain, 

49, 52, 54, 55, 99, 100. 
Isles, the Out of Scotland, 124. 
Istria [Corsica ?], 42. 
Italians, sent by Cardinal of Lor- 
raine with designs against 
Elizabeth, 123, 126. 
Italy, 7, 93. See also Bari; 
Florence ; Genoa ; Leghorn ; 
Pisa ; Rome ; Naples ; Spezia ; 
Venice. 

advices from, 19, 42. 
Consuls in, 244, 263, 389. 
corn for, on Dutch ships, 204. 
plague in, 8, 33. 
troops from, expected in France, 

159, 164. 
Iveagh, Lord. See Magennis. 



Jackeson, mentioned in letter of 
Princess Elizabeth, daughter 
of Charles I, 258. 
Jacks, Jas., Yeoman of the Bows, to 

Charles II, 255. 
Jallett, Edward, partner in the 

Charles, 275. 
James I, of England, VI of Scotland, 

100, 141, 167, 171. 
Charles IX and, 106. 
placed in Edinburgh Castle by 

his mother, 101, 103, 
question of his custody, 104, 

119, 120. 

James, Duke of York [afterwards 
James II], 224, 225, 242-244, 
248, 291. 
letters from, 219, 289. 

to, 271, 274, 307. 

at Brille, 224. 

commission from, 283. 

in Flanders, 247. 

instructions from, about the 

Fleet, 291. 
money received by his governor, 

Berkeley, 260, 282. 
tries to borrow money at 

Rotterdam, 219, 221. 
Janissaries, the, Pasha of, 60. 



345 



Jeanne d' Albert, Queen of Navarre, 

100, 132, 161. 
at Rochelle, 135. 
Jenkinson, Mr. [Anthony], 72. 
Jerkins, skin for, as present, 25. 

coletti, as presents, 61. 
Jenye, Genney [Thomas], at Paris, 

113. 

Jermy, Mr., 62. 
Jermyn, Henry, Lord, 204, 209, 249, 

252, 259, 260, 262, 302. 
letter from, 203, 278, 286, 

288. 

letters to, 280, 281, 289. 
Jersey, 262, 286, 290. 

letters dated from, 212, 275, 

289. 
Breviat of letters brought from, 

294-307. 

Estates of, letter to, 285. 
Governor of, Sir G. Carteret, 

230. 
Jurats of, cannot deal with 

high treason, 213. 
King's Procurer in, 212. 
St. Heliers in, 212. 
Jesuits at Ufton, 182, 183. 

in Poland, 149. 
Jewell, John, Bishop of Salisbury, 

letter from, 101. 
Jewels, English crown, 287. 

of Charles IX pledged at 

Venice, 154. 

Joanna, daughter of Emperor 
Ferdinand I. See Giovanna. 
John of Austria, Don, 115. 

his marriage with Mary, Queen 
of Scots favoured by Philip II, 
54. 
John Casimir, Count Palatine, 109- 

111, 158, 164, 165. 
answers Killigrew, 164. 
forces of, 134, 149, 156, 157. 
money desired from Elizabeth 

for, 156-159. 
stag hunting, 164. 
to marry daughter of Elector of 

Saxony, 154. 
tries to persuade Elector to 

join the League, 156. 
John Casimir, 1648, competitor for 

Swedish Crown , 241. 

King of Poland, 246, 260. 

John Frederick I, Duke of Saxony, 

101. 

John Frederick II of Saxony, 108. 
besieged in Gotha, 101, 102. 
taken prisoner, 103. 
John, Duke of Sweden, deposes his 

brother Eric XIV, 148. 
Johnson : 

Jeremy, letter from, 291. 



Johnson cont. 

Thomas, commission for, to 
keep Yarmouth for Charles I, 
282. 
Captain, took Captain King's 

vessel, 280. 

Jones, Colonel Michael, 248, 249, 300. 

makes terms with Owen Roe 

O'Neill and Monek, 272, 299. 

Mr., Parliamentary Envoy to 

[?] Courland, 259. 
Jonson, Mr., letter to, 165. 
Jordan, Jourdan, Captain Elias, 

letter from, 231. 
pass for, to England, 285. 
resigns command in Royalist 

fleet, 235. 
Journeys, Cologne to Augsburg, 82 

sq. 
Constantinople to Vienna, Sir 

Edward's, 60. 
London to Heidelberg, Killi- 

grew's, 151. 
Ulm to Vienna by river in 

seven days, 109. 
Joyeux [Joyeuse, Anne Duke of], 

joins Anjou, 138. 

Juana, sister of Philip II, Princess of 
Portugal, to marry Archduke 
Charles, 137. 
Juicks, James, receives money from 

Blagg, 304. 
Julio III, Pope, 59. 
Junius, John, Councillor to Elector 
Palatine, sees Leicester in 
England, 154. 

Jurats of Guernsey. See Guernsey, 
of Jersey. See Jersey. 



K 

Kavanaghs (Caverners), the, 87. 

Kelso [Roxburghshire], 68. 

Kemp, Richard, Secretary for Vir- 
ginia, letter to, 262. 

Kenall, Dr. [John], chosen Com- 
missary at Oxford, 46. 

Kenilworth, Kellengworth [War- 
wickshire], 81, 130. 
progress of Elizabeth to, 

arrangements for, 179. 
fireworks at, 178. 

Kennedy, Gilbert, fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, fought at Langside, 
118. 



346 



Kent, county of, 2, 213, 275, 280, 

289. 
Parliamentarian Committee for, 

letter from, 203. 
Royalist Committee in, 210, 211, 

213. 

Royalists of, to command fleet 
in default of Lord Willoughby, 
279. 
letters from Royalists in, 273, 

287. 

letter to same, 294. 
unprepared against invasion, 

126. 

East, 209. 

Kepler, Johann, astronomer, 270. 
Ker : 

Robert, Earl of Roxburgh, 

letter sent to, 227. 
Sir Walter. See Cessford. 
Kerchove, Baron. See Heenvliet, 

John. 

Kew [Surrey], letter dated from, 3. 
Keynes, Captain Alexander, com- 
mission to, 280. 
Keys, Thomas, husband of Lady 

Mary Grey, 95. 

Kildare, Lord. See Fitzgerald. 
Kilkenny [Ireland], letters dated 
from, 206, 248, 272, 276, 291, 
297. 

county, 90. 
Treaty of, 1649, 248. 
Killigrew : 

Henry, letters from, 29, 151, 
153, 154, 156, 158, 164, 
178. 

, servant to Lord Robert 

Dudley, 10, 125. 
, brother of the above, 10, 

11. 

Sir Peter, in Parliament, 272. 
Thomas, 263, 279. 
Kilmainham [co. Dublin], letter 

dated from, 86. 
Kilultagh, Kylloltough [co. Antrim], 

86. 
Kilvert : 

a servant to Princess Elizabeth, 
daughter of Charles I, letter 
to, 258. 

Robert, letter from, 288. 
Kil winning [Gavin Hamilton], 

Abbot of, 70. 
King: 

Mr., at Paris, a dangerous man, 

97. 

Captain, his vessel taken, 280. 
King's Channel, the, 239. 
Kingston : 

George, letter on behalf of, 277. 
John, letter from, 277. 



Kingston [Surrey], Kingstown, 
letters dated from, 141, 142, 
170. 
Kinsale [co. Cork], 248. 

letters dated from, 277, 300. 
"Rebels" fleet at, 272. 
Royalist fleet at, 299. 
Kirby, Robert, commission for, to 

seize "Rebels" ships, 301. 
Kirkaldy, William, of Grange, 101, 

103, 104. 
letter from, 101. 
Kirkbythur [Westmorland], letters 

dated from, 219. 

Kloch, Rochart [Clough, Richard], 
arrested at Antwerp by Alva, 
172. 
Knollys : 

Edward, second Earl of Ban- 
bury, and his governor, 200. 
Sir Francis, Vice-Chamberlain 
in Ireland, 91. 

, letter from, 123. 

Sir Francis, the younger, letters 
to, 182, 183. 

, searches Perkins' house 

at Ufton, is charged with 
retaining money, 182, 183. 
Konigsmarck, Johann Christoph, 
Count von, Swedish Field 
Marshal, 234, 258. 
quarrels with Duke of Saxony, 

241. 

Kuttenburg [Bohemia], 235. 
Kylloloungh [Ulster], 87. 
Kylwaring [? Kilwarling, co. Down], 
86. 



L 

L'Aubespine, the younger [Claude], 

107. 
at interview between Charles IX 

and Zuleger, 110. 
La Boulay, de, Captain of Duke of 

Lorraine's Guards, 215. 
La Chapelle : 

M., de, letter to, 160. 

, search for, 164. 

M., French Secretary to Portu- 
guese Ambassador at the 
Hague, letter from, enclos- 
ing a book for Charles II, 
258. 

La Charite [France], 164. 
Deux-Ponts at, 160. 



347 



La Fere-on-Oise [France], de Cosse 

at, 138. 
La Fontaine, Peter de, Fountayne, 

an Agent for Prince Charles 

in England, 286, 288, 298. 
letter from, 299. 
La Forrest [Bochetel], de, French 

Ambassador in London, 97. 
has knowledge of letters sent to 

Earl of Leicester, 123. 
La Fosse, de, merchant of St. 

Valery en Caux, 205. 
La Garde, de, Baron, Captain of the 

galleys of France, 130. 
La Hay [France], 166. 
La Marche [France], 110. 
La Motte, Colonel, in service of Duke 

Charles of Lorraine, 229. 
La Node, Beauvoir, letter from, 48. 
La Planche, M., 113. 
La Porte, Otto de, memorial of, 232, 

233 

La Porte de Pille [France], 166. 
La Ramee, Pierre de, " Ramus," 

117. 

La Rochelle. See Rochelle. 
La Speza. See Spezia. 
La Torre : 

Diego de, Spanish Agent in 

Ireland, Ormond treats with, 

249. 
Jacques de, bearer of letter 

from Queen Elizabeth to 

Philip II, 15. 

La Valle, Brittany [Laval], 123. 
Ladron [Lodron], Count Albero, 120, 

172. 
Laine, Mr., gentleman to Charles II, 

255. 
Lambr6s, de, an agent of Conde, 

154, 157. 
Lambart, Lambert : 

[John], Parliamentary General, 

299, 307. 

Dr., mentions Irish refiners, 249. 
William, Master of the hoy 

Hopeful Mary, certificate 

that he belongs to the 

Royalist fleet, 221. 
Lambeth [Surrey], letters dated from, 

146, 152, 161, 181. 
Lancaster, Duchy Court of, 117. 
Chancellorship of, vacant, 117, 

118. 

suitors in, 118. 
Lancaster, Thomas, Bishop of Kil- 

dare, letter from, 86. 
Lancastre [? Lencloitre], Abbey of, 

near Poitiers, letter dated 

from, 136. 
Lanciano [Italy], Archbishop of 

[Leonardo Marini], 20. 



Landrecy [France], 206. 

Lane [Sir Richard], member of 

Henrietta Maria's Council at 

Paris, 208. 
Lord Keeper, 211, 228, 232, 

259. 

instructions to, 213. 
Lanerick [Lanark], William, Earl 

of. See Hamilton, William. 
Langenhagen, letter dated from, 10. 
Langdale, Sir Marmaduke : 
letters from, 275, 290. 

to, 279-281, 284, 293. 

makes way for the Scots in 

1648, 290. 

praised for his carriage, 284. 
Langland, Daniel, pass for, with 

the Good Fortune, from Hol- 
land to Scotland, 287. 
Langley Marsh [Bucks], 188. 

Park, 189. 
Langside [Lanarkshire], battle of, 

118. 
Languedoc [France] : 

D'Anville, Governor of, 11. 
Due de Joyeux, Lieutenant of, 

138. 
Lannoy, Roger de, Serjeant of 

Dieppe, 193. 

Lansac, M., the younger, 109-111. 
Lapland and Greenland, passage 

between, 6. 
Laud, William, Archbishop, cipher 

of, 308. 
Lauderdale, John, Earl of. See 

Maitland, John. 
Laugharne [Laharne], Colonel 

Rowland, 208, 290, 293. 
commission for, 282. 
Lawson, William, of Scarborough, 

Master of the Isabel, 285. 
Lea, Captain, his service in Ireland, 

182. 

Lead from Pontefract Castle, 288. 
League, the, of Protestant princes, 

156, 157-159. 
Lee, River, 236. 
Leconfield, Leckinfeld [Yorks], 

letter dated from, 135. 
Lee, Sir Henry, letter from, 119. 
Leeuw [Flanders], taken by Orange, 

135. 
Legge, Colonel William, instructions 

for, 227. 
letter from, 277. 
Leghorn [Italy], Consul of Charles II 

at, 263. 
Leicester, Earls of. See Dudley, 

Robert ; Sydney, Robert. 
Leigh, Humphrey, sergeant-at-arms, 

warrant to, 200. 
Leighlin [co. Carlow], garrison in, 25. 



348 



Leipsic [Saxony], 85. 

letter dated from, 164. 
marriage of William the Silent 

at, 4. 

Leith [co. Midlothian], 170. 
Leix [Ireland, now part of Queen's 

County], 25. 
Lemos, Pedro Fernandez de Castro, 

Conde de, letter to, 234. 
Le Moyne. See Aveline, Jean. 
Lendall, Lieutenant of the Constant 
Reformation, imprisoned, 230. 
Lennox : 

Countess of, 76, 77. 
Earl of. See Stewart, Matthew. 
Lens [France], battle of, 224. 
Lenthall, William, Speaker of House 

of Commons, 299. 

Leopold [William], Archduke, 
Governor of the Netherlands, 
206 note, 247, 282, 288. 
letter to, 240. 
army of, 265. 
Lepanto [Greece], muster at, 51. 

plan of battle of, 178. 
Lesley, Leslie : 

Alexander, Earl of Leven, 

letter to, 228. 
Andrew, fifth Earl of Rothes, 

at Langside, 118. 
General [David], 277. 
John, Bishop of Rosse, 141. 

, letters from, 142, 170. 

John, Earl of Rothes, letter 

from, 199. 
Colonel Ludovic, Governor of 

Berwick, letter to, 229. 
Lethington (Ledynton), Lord. See 

Maitland, Sir William. 
Lethington [Haddingtonshire], letter 

dated from, 173. 
Letters : 

delayed, 123, 147. 
expedited, 76. 

intercepted, Norreys', 133, 151. 
painfully carried, 166. 
Leutmeriz, Leitmeritz [Austria], 234. 
Leven, Alexander, Earl of. See 

Lesley. 

Lever, Leaver [Thomas], 2. 
letter to, 180. 
Master of [Sherburn] Hospital, 

154. 

Archdeacon of Coventry, 180. 
Ley, James, Earl of Marlborough, 

letter from, 296. 
interested in Cariboo Islands, 

296. 

Leynogh, Turlogh, 124. 
L'Hopital, Michel, Chancellor of 

France, 31, 97, 109, 110. 
Liddell, Mr., writes to Norreys, 155. 



Liddesdale [Roxburghshire], 53. 
Li 6ge,Lucke [Flanders], 129, 131, 133. 

Bishop of, 131, 133. 
Lightfoote, Mr., Groom of Robes to 

Charles II, 255. 
Lignerolles, M., 108. 
Lilgrave, Henry, servant to Francis 

Earl of Bedford, 72. 
Limerick [Ireland], 248. 
letter dated from, 289. 
speech of Recorder of, 277. 
Limoges, Bishop of, 32. 
Limousin, Limozin [France], Conde 

in, 130. 

Lincolnshire, Lord Willoughby of 
Parham to be Lieut. -General 
of, 281. 

Lindaverius, 9. 
Lindsay, Lyndsay : 

Alexander, Earl of Crawford, 

letter from, 221. 
John, Earl of Lindsay, Treasurer 
of Scotland, letters sent to, 
227, 272. 

, of Balfour, 277. 

Ludovic, Earl of Crawford, a 
Royalist, 206. 

, letters from, 251. 

Patrick, Baron Lindsay, letter 
from, 141. 

, letter to, 141. 

, at Langside, 118. 

, quarrels with Lord 

Herrys, 141. 
Patrick, kills a soldier of 

Lesley's, 277. 

Linnye [? Ligny, Charles de Clermont 
Tonnerre], Prince of, con- 
tributes men for Charles II, 
265. 

Linz [on the Rhine], 133. 
Lionne, M., de, sent to Liege by 

Orange, 133. 

Lisbon, paper dated from, 181. 
letters dated from, 253, 258. 
port of, opened to Royalist 

ships, 252. 
Lisle : 

Arnould de, sent to King of 
Portugal by Prince Rupert, 
253. 

, letters from, 253, 258, 307. 

Mr., barber to Charles II, 255. 
Lister, Martin, lends money to T. 

Killigrew, 263. 
Litter, a, presented to Queen 

Elizabeth, 49. 
Littleton, Sir Edward, warrant 

signed by, 200. 
Livingstone : 

James, Earl of Callander, 226. 
, letters from, 219, 221. 



349 



Livingstone cont. 

James, Earl of Newburgh, 

letter from, 273. 
Livonia, " Lyveland " [Russia], 7. 

relief of, 4. 

Llewellyn, David ap, murdered, 36. 
Lloyde [Hugh]. See Floyde. 
Lochleven [Kinross-shire], the Lord . 

of. See Douglas, James. 
Mary Queen of Scots escapes 

from, 118, 170. 
Lodron. See Ladron. 
Loftus, Adam, Archbishop of 

Armagh, petition from, 43. 
Logan, Sir Andrew, letter from, 
desiring to take ships of 
" rebellious subjects " south 
of the Equator, 278. 
Loire, River [France], 134, 151. 
London, 64, 143, 151, 205, 251, 264- 
266, 269, 271, 273, 275, 276, 
279, 282, 283, 284, 286, 293, 
296. 

letters dated from, 10, 20, 29, 
40, 64, 78, 79, 135, 136, 138, 
139, 141, 142, 146, 148, 151, 
183, 206, 207, 273, 274, 277, 
286, 289, 292, 296, 298, 301, 
303, 306. 

Bishop of. See Grindal, Ed- 
mund. 

Churches, Buildings, Streets, &c.: 
Angel Inn, Strand, 265. 
Baynard's Castle, letter 

dated from, 78. 
Bishopsgate Street, 293. 
Brick Court, Temple, 223. 
Broad Street, 266. 
Clement's, St., Church, 

Strand, 265. 
Dunstan's, St., Church, 

Fleet Street, 288. 
Ely House, Treasurers at, 

266. 

Fleet Ditch, 185. 
Fleet Street, 288. 
Garraway's Coffee House, 

270. 
Hatton House, letter dated 

from, 183. 
Holborn, letter dated from, 

306. 
Minories, the, letter dated 

from, 79. 

Newgate Prison, 209. 
Old Exchange, 265. 
Paul's,St,Church of, 1 78, 1 85. 
Paul's Cross, sermon at, 148. 
Savoy, the, 289. 

- the Duchy House at 
the, letter dated from, 151. 
Sion College, 299. 



London, Churches, Buildings, 
Streets, &c. cont. 

Ship Tavern, the, 265. 
Somerset House, 3. 
Spittle, the, 293. 
Star Chamber, the, letter 

dated from, 183. 
Temple, the, 223. 
Temple Bar, 265. 
Warwick Lane, letter dated 

from, 135. 
Westminster, 269. 
, letters dated from, 8, 

46, 101, 102, 144, 193, 194, 

224, 303. 
-, summons dated from, 



73. 



-, warrants dated from. 



2, 3. 

Abbey, 145. 



, Commissioners for 

Scotland at, 141. 
White Friars, letter dated 

from, 183. 
Whitehall, 266. 

, Paper Office at, 268. 

Common Council of, 185. 
Customs at, farming of, 190. 
Italian merchants at, 186. 
Queen Mary, member assistant 

of City, 95. 
Sanitation of, paper upon, 184, 

185. 

Tower of, Records at, 186. 
Londoners, loan from, sought for 

Charles II, 282. 
Londonderry [Ireland], Bishop of. 

See Bramhall. 
a regiment of, 257. 
bridge at, 300. 
Long, [Sir] James, nephew to 

Secretary Long, 207. 
[later Sir] Robert, 211, 222, 245, 
255, 261, 277, 294, 302. 

, letters from, minutes, 

notes by, 216, 226, 227, 244- 
246, 259, 296, 304. 

, to, 224, 228, 231, 

233-236, 238, 240, 242, 243, 
245, 247, 250, 251, 253, 254, 
258, 259, 261, 272-278, 282, 
284, 286-293, 298, 300-304, 
306, 307. 

, Receiver-General for 
Charles I in five counties, 203. 
-, signs by order of Prince 



Charles, 224. 
Longueville, Leonora d' Orleans, 

Duke of, 113, 132. 
Loose [Kent], chapel at, grant of, 2. 
Lords of the Congregation, the, 66, 
67, 70, 76, 77, 103, 104, 150. 



350 



Lords of the Congregation cont. 
petition Elizabeth in May, 1568, 

119. 

Lords of the Council of Henrietta 
Maria and Prince of Wales, 
letter to, 208. 
Lorges, de. See Montgomery, 

Jacques. 

Lorraine, 131, 163, 234. 
Reiters in, 11. 
threatened by Spain and the 

Emperor, 106. 
Lorraine : 

Charles, Cardinal of, 42, 100, 
110, 111, 121, 130, 132, 134, 
154, 155, 160. 

, at Paris, 73, 75. 

, works for Henry, Duke 

of Anjou, 117. 
, orders the French Court, 



123. 

, practises against Eliza- 
beth, 123. 
-, tries to raise money, 129. 



, practises against Conde, 

130. 
, Catherine de Medici turns 

against, 132. 
-, agrees to cession of Metz 



to the Allemans, 147. 
Charles III (IV), Duke of, 233, 

243, 247, 265, 276, 285, 301. 
, letters from, 215, 218, 256, 

273. 

, to, 218. 

, leaves Brussels, 206. 

, Gough sent to, 229. 

, ships to be provided by, 

265. 
-, troops of, 229, 233, 265. 



Lottery in London, a, 138. 

Loudon [Loudun], France, fighting 
expected at, 142. 

Loudoun, John, Earl of. See Camp- 
bell. 

Loughborough, [Leicestershire], 

letter dated from, 125. 

Louis or Ludovic, of Nassau, at Ant- 
werp, 100. 
defeated [at Jemmingen], 124, 

126. 

his position previous to Jem- 
mingen, 125. 

seizes the treacherous Burgo- 
master of Emden, 127. 

Louvain, Lovayn [Flanders], 93, 135. 

Lovealian [? Love alien] 67. 

Lovinge, Mr., commission to be 
Register of Admiralty Court, 
282. 

sent by Marquis of Newcastle 
to Secretary Long, 228. 



Loe, Lo, Low, Lowe : 

John, a Suffolk Royalist, 304. 
Lawrence, letters from, 273, 
293. 

, letter to, 281. 

Timothy, a Suffolk Royalist, 

304. 
Mr., recommended to Prince 

Charles, 305. 
Loughborough, "Lowbere," Lord.5ee 

Hastings, Henry. 
Lubeck, Ambassador of Pope and 

Emperor at, 4. 
Diet at, 5. 

legate of Pius IV at, 4, 7. 
port of, 6. 
support of, sought for Charles II, 

258. 
would recover its privilege in 

England, 5. 
Lucca, Senate of, 45. 
Lude, Count de, at Niort, 163. 

his brother killed there, 163. 
Liik. See Liege. 

Lumley, Lomeley, John, Baron, 70. 
Lunenburg [Liineburg, Germany], 

Assembly at, 4. 
Otto, Duke of, 6, 7, 134. 

, personal appearance of, 7. 

Duchy of, its situation, 7. 
Lunsford, Sir Thomas: 
letter froni, 202. 

to, 282. 

Lusignan [France], Castle of, 137. 

skirmish at, 138. 
Luther, Martin, 4, 5. 
Lutherans, 4, 27, 83, 84, 115. 
Liitzenbourg. See Luxemburg. 
Luxemburg, Liitzenbourg, Almayn 

army near, 106, 108. 
garrison at, 148. 
Count [Joachim Ernest] of, pays 

money for Charles II, 265. 
Prince of Orange reported in, 

131. 

Lyme [Dorset], 273. 
Lyndsay, Patrick, Lord. See 

Lindsay. 

Lynn [Norfolk], petition of inhabi- 
tants of, 190. 
Governor of, 293. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Lyons [France], 8, 27, 99. 

attempted surprise of, 122. 
Charles IX going to, 17, 26, 

27. 

Huguenots wound priests at, 
19. 

murdered at, 117. 

plague at, 32. 

troops from, in Poitiers, 138. 
Lysle, Baron. See Dudley, Ambrose. 



351 



M 

Macalervie [McAlester], goes to 

Ireland, 124. 

McCartan, MacArtan, 86. 
MacDonell : 

Alexander Oeg, to claim his 

property in Ireland, 124. 
James, prisoner of O'Neil, 63. 
Sorley Boy, 63, 124. 
McGennis, 86. 
McGuire, of Ulster, 86. 
McHugh, Feagh, killed, 182. 
McNeil's, McNeall Oges, 86. 
McMahon, of Ulster, 86. 
McPhelim, Hew, McPhelomye, 86. 
McShanes, the, 87. 
Madison, Ralph, letter from, 306. 
Madleyn, Mrs., an old servant of 

Leicester's, 181. 
Madock [?], John, 260. 
Madrid, 77, 251. 

letters dated from, 24, 30, 35, 

49, 54, 61, 80, 92, 93, 97, 100, 

113, 251, 288, 306. 
English Roman Catholics repre- 
sented at, 115. 
purchase of horses at, 14. 
Maestricht [Netherlands], 131, 134. 

garrison at, 130. 

Magdeburg [Germany], Bishop of, 5. 
Magan. See Morgan. 
Magellan, Straits of, opened by 

Spain, 6. 
Magennis, Arthur, Lord Iveagh, 

letter from, 291. 

Maidstone [Kent], Parsonage of, 2. 
Maine, River, 235. 
Mainwaring, Mannering, Sir Henry, 

239. 
Mainz, Mense % Moguntia [Germany], 

Bishop of, 83, 85. 

Elector of [John Philip von 
Schonborn, 241, 253. 

, appealed to, by Charles II, 

254. 

, borrows money, 236. 

, plagued with mice, 83. 
Mai tl and : 

John, Earl of Lauderdale, Com- 
missioner treating with Prince 
Charles, 221, 224, 226, 227, 
284, 293. 

, letters from, 230, 275. 



Maitland cont. 

Sir William, Lord Lethington, 
177. 

, letter from, 173. 

, at St. Germain's, 10, 11, 

106. 

Malaga, Malaca [Spain], 100. 
Malby, Nicholas, 62. 
his brother, 62. 

Malgrani, Signor, of Antwerp, 47. 
Malines or Mechlin [Flanders], 135. 
Protestants preach near, 98. 
Malmohiis, Malmoze [Sweden], 

Bothwell at, 149. 
Malta, Island of, 41, 62, 116, 160. 
attacked by the Turks, 60, 61, 

64, 65. 

galleys of, 29, 33. 
Knights of, 45, 53, 59, 65. 

, Grand Master of [Jean 

de la Valette, 60. 
Grand Prior of, 173. 
Malvoysier. See Mauvissiere. 
Man: 

Dr. John, Ambassador in Spain, 
letter from, 92, 93, 97, 100, 
113. 

, forbidden to use English 

service at Madrid, 114. 
-, his estimation and house- 



T. 



hold, 81. 

James, lent money to 
Killigrew in Italy, 263. 
Man, Isle of, 266, 305. 

John Christian, Deemster of. 

See Christian, 
relief of, 290. 
Manaton, Lt.-Col. Henry, petitions 

from, 245. 

Mande, de, Protonotary to Cardinal 
of Lorraine, sent to help 
Mary Queen of Scots, 130. 
Mandesloo, sent to corrupt John 

Casimir's Reiters, 111. 
Manfredo, Count Taddeo, tries to 

kill Pius IV, 42, 47, 48. 
Manley, Mr. [? Sir Roger], 298. 
Manners, Edward, Earl of Rutland, 

80. 

letter from, 177. 
Manrico, Don Grazias, slain at 

Emden, 125. 

Mansfeld, Count [Peter Ernest], 
Governor of Luxemburg, 131, 
153, 161. 

his son [? Charles], 131. 
Mantua, Duke of, Carlo II, letter 

from, 207. 

Prince of. See Gonzago, Louis de. 
[Italy], letter dated from, 207. 
Mar, John Erskine, Earl of. See 
Erskine, John. 




S52 



Marbeck, Roger, Provost of Oriel 
College, Oxford, letter from, 
as Senior Proctor, 47. 
Marchaies, James, merchant of Paris, 
letter of credit for, from 
Prince Charles, 281. 
Marchais [France]. See La Marche. 
Mardyke Fort [near Dunkirk], 262. 
Margaret, Duchess of Parma, Regent 
of the Netherlands, 7, 28, 48, 
50, 64, 86, 97, 98, 101, 108. 
angry at Antwerp ships being 
taken by English pirates, 69. 
John Shers in audience with, 

14, 16, 17. 
offers terms to Protestants in 

Flanders, 96. 

Margaret of Valois, proposed 
marriage of, to Rudolf, son of 
Maximilian II, 102. 
and to Sebastian, King of 

Portugal, 162. 

Margate, Marghatta [Kent], 21. 
Maria Anna, of Austria, betrothed 

to Philip IV, 233, 236. 
her support sought by Charles 

II, 260. 

Marignano, John James Medicine, 
Marquis of, his son Camello,60. 
Marimonte [Italy], 40. 
Marino, Nicolo, murders his wife, 42, 

44, 46, 48. 
Marlborough, Earl of. See Ley, 

James. 
Marne, River [France], crossed by 

Conde, 110. 
crossed by Orange's artillery, 

144. 

Marnhull, Dorset, 268. 
Marquese, P. Don Francisco, sent 
from Palermo to Madrid, 
1648, 234. 

Marriage of priests of the Empire, 46. 
Marseilles, despatch from [?], 31. 
letter dated from, 33. 
French Court officials ordered 

to leave, 31. 
mischance at, 31. 
prisoners in galleys at, 99, 

132. 

vessels prepared at, 126, 130. 
vessels sent to Atlantic, 153. 
Marris. See Morris. 
Marsham, Thomas, owner of the 

Lcve, 238, 271. 

Martigues, Sebastian, de Luxem- 
bourg, 125, 128, 161. 
his skirmish with Dandelot, 

134. 

in Poitou, 137-139. 
reported to be slain near 
Chatillon, 135. 



Martigues cont. 

stratagem of, 138. 
Mary, Queen of England, 95, 145. 
grants license to Vintners' 

Company, 95. 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 11, 14, 32, 53, 

57, 66, 72, 76, 104, 119, 120, 

130, 141, 147, 150, 152, 177. 
letters from, 96, 177. 
marriage to King of Denmark 

proposed, 4, 8. 

Twelfth day at her Court, 11, 12. 
her marriage with Darnley, 57. 
sends Ambassador to Pope, 65 
dissatisfied with Darnley, 70. 
warnings against, 68. 
her remarks on Elizabeth's 

portrait, 77. 
orders Bothwell and Huntley to 

go to Mass, 77. 
her marriage with Bothwell, 101, 

103, 119. 
supposed to be with child by 

him, 104. 

confirms Act of Oblivion, 103. 
proposal to bring her to 

England, 104. 
her death reported in France, 

107. 
escapes from Lochleven, 118. 

after Langside, 118. 

her letters pass to and from 

Paris, 121. 
arrangements for, at Bolton 

Castle, 123. 

receives Scotch news there, 124. 
friends of, in England, 128. 
her Secretary, Pierre Roulet, 

132. 
government of Scotland in her 

absence, 142. 
expected at Tutbury Castle, 

144, 146. 

likely to please Spain, 150. 
paper on difficulties of dealing 

with, 166 sq. 
Earl of Leicester on same 

subject, 171. 
Mary, Princess, daughter of Charles 

I, at the Hague, 203. 
marriage of, 200. 
precedency of, 204, 205. 
Maryns, Andrea, to be Cardinal, 40. 
Marza Scirocco [Malta], haven, 60. 
Masques forbidden by Pius IV, 46. 
Mason : 

Sir John, letter dated from his 

house, 72. 

, Postmaster, 76. 

, to obtain furniture for 

Elizabeth, 139. 
Mr., 224. 



353 



Masonett, Mr. [Peter], Secretary 

Long's clerk, 255. 
Mass in England, 81, 90, 99. 

in Scotland, 32, 77. 
Massey : 

[? Major General Edward], 

enlists men, 307. 
Jervis, owner of boat taken by 

Royalist shipj 205. 
Maude, Mr., 224. 
Maurice, Prince [son of King of 

Bohemia], 245. ' 
Mauvissiere [Michel] de Castelnau, 

Marquis of, 29, 31. 
letters from, 20, 29. 
protects Norreys' steward, 163. 
returns to England, 49. 
sent to congratulate the Treaty 

of Troyes, 18. 
to bring dogs and horses from 

England, 19. 
Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria, 231, 

235. 
and Prince Palatine of Sulz- 

bach, 236. 

proposes to transfer some of his 
troops to the Republic of 
Venice, 236. 

Maximilian II. See Emperor. 
Maxwell, Sir John, later Baron 

Herries, 101, 118, 119. 
letter from, 141. 



to, 141. 



quarrels with Lord Lindsay, 141. 
Mayence [Germany]. See Mainz. 
Mayart, Colonel, 211. 
Mazarin [Jules], Cardinal, his sup- 
port sought for Charles II, 

252. 
Mead, Mede, Mr. Elias, Fellow of 

St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, 165. 
Meath [Ireland], Bishop of. See 

Brady, Hugh. 

Meaux, Meulx [France], 110, 144. 
Mecca [Arabia], pilgrims taken by 

Knights of Malta, 46. 
Mechlenburg, Mechelburg, Duke 

[Ulrick] of, 85. 

Mechlin [Flanders]. See Malines. 
Medici : 

Camello [Medicino], son of 

Marquis of Marignano, 60. 
Catherine de. See France, 

Queen of. 
Cosimo de, Duke of Florence, 

55, 61. 

, his Ambassador at Rome. 

20. 
, his son to marry daughter 

of Emperor Ferdinand I, 20, 

27, 48. 



Medici, Cosimo de, Duke of Flor- 
ence cont. 

, his place near Piombino 

burnt, 21. 

, resigns in favour of his 

son, 19. 
, his younger son, a 



Cardinal, 55, 59. 
, receives rights 



over 



Saresana and Saresanella, 20. 
-, said to be a Cardinal, 55. 



Francisco de, successor of 

Cosimo, 28. 
Medina Coeli, Juan de la Cerda, 

Viceroy of Sicily, 52. 
Medowes, Thos., commission for, to 
hold Yarmouth for Charles I, 
282. 

Meghem, [Charles de Brimeu,] Count 
of, at audience of Shers with 
Lady Regent, 14. 
besieges Bois-le-duc, 101. 
Meiningen [? Bavaria], 85. 
Melancthon, Philip, birthplace of, 84 

epistle of, 5. 
Melnik [Austria], 234. 
Melendes, Pedro, 62. 
Melun [France], letter dated from 

142. 

Charles IX at, 138. 
Melville (Malvile, Malvin), Robert, 

67, 76, 77, 79, 96, 104. 
at Langside, 118. 
practises with Papists, 79. 
Merchant Adventurers, 56, 191, 273. 
grant to, by Count and Countess 

of East Friesland, 73. 
their trade in wine, 94. 
their ships detained by Royalist 

fleet, 273. 
English, lend money to Prince 

Charles, 283. 

French, Flemish and Dutch, to 
be encouraged to go to 
Ireland, 248. 
Italian in London, information 

on behalf of, 186. 

Mercurius Pragmaticus. See Need- 
ham, Marchamont. 
Mershe, John, letter from, 128 [?'], 

131. 
Mervin, Colonel Audley, commander 

of regiment in Ireland, 257. 
Messina [Sicily], 60. 

Prior of, his altercation with 

Shelley, 114. 
Metz [Lorraine], 102, 156, 162. 

letters dated from, 149, 151, 152, 

155. 

Aumale sent to, 134, 137. 
events at, during visit of 
Charles IX, 153. 

p 23 



354 



Metz [Lorraine] cont. 
Norreys at, 151. 
offered to the Allemains, 147. 
Meuse, the, Alva tries to prevent 

Orange crossing, 133. 
Middelburg [Zeeland], 219. 

letters dated from, 287, 289. 

Admiralty of, 275. 

English merchants said to be 

banished from, 23. 
soldiers sent to Scotland from, 

69. 
Middleton, John, Earl of, letter 

from, 219. 
Milan [Italy], 37, 41, 44, 46, 48, 55, 

100, 114. 
advices from, 20. 
del Guasto comes from, 22. 
likely to be attacked by French, 

115. 
Spanish lieutenant and Council 

at, excommunicated, 97. 
Mildmay : 

Thomas, bearer of a letter, a 

good French Scholar, 160. 
Sir Walter, 136. 

, warrant to, 3. 

7, paper endorsed " Sir 

W. M." on Mary, Queen of 
Scots, 166 sq. 

Militia Bill in Parliament, 272. 
Miller, or Milner, Captain [Gregory], 

a traitor, 238. 

Milton [Kent], the LoyalSusan of ,280. 
Mines, case of, between Elizabeth 
and Thomas, Earl of North- 
umberland, 135. 
Ministers of London, the, 88. 
Mira, Count de, Admiral and 
favourite of John IV of 
Portugal, 253. 
Mirebeau [France], Cond6 at, 139. 

evacuated, 142. 

Misdach [Mesdach], Jean, Secretary 
of the Bloody Commission, 
131. 

Misnia [Meissen, Saxony], 234. 
Missenden, Misselden, Bucks, 179. 
Mitti, Mytty, servant to Norreys, 149. 

a traitor, 151, 155. 
Mockett, Mr., his quarrel with a 

Frenchman, 105. 
Mollins [France]. See Moulins. 
Moluccas, the discovery of, 

beneficial to Portugal, 6. 
Monceaux [France], 110, 146. 
Monck [George, Duke of Albemarle], 
makes terms with O'Neill, 
272, 299. 

Money, seized on Spanish ship at 
Southampton by order of 
Elizabeth, 140, 



Money cont. 

English, seized by Royalist 

boat in the Channel, 228. 
Monluc [Blaise de], attacks Mont- 

albon, 120. 

besieges Rochelle, 125. 
takes Gascon troops to Poitiers, 

138. 

Monmouth, case at the summer 
assizes at, 1564, mentioned, 
52. 

Monro, Sir George, takes Stirling 
from Marquis of Argyle, 230. 
serves in the Preston cam- 
paign, 242. 
Montague : 

Anthony, Viscount. See 

Browne, Anthony. 
Francis, Viscount. See Browne, 

Francis. 

Mr. in prison at Paris, 113. 
Montalbon [? Montauban], Gascony, 

attacked by Monluc, 120. 
Montargis [France], Duchess of 

Ferrara at, 113. 
Montbeliard [France], Deux-Ponts 

at, 153. 
Monteith, Menteith, William Earl of. 

See Graham, William. 
Montereau-sur-Yonne [France], 

Charles IX at, 142. 
Montferrato [Italy], 53. 
Montfoort [near Utrecht], 204. 
Montgomery : 

of Ardes, Hugh, Viscount, com- 
mission for, 257. 
Hugh, third Earl of Eglinton, 

at Langside, 118. 
Lt.-Colonel, pass for, to Sweden, 

254. 

Gabriel de Lorges, Count of, 153, 
161. 

, at Chatelherault and 

Poitiers, 137-139. 
Jacques de Lorges, Count of, 135. 
Montigny, Mountenye, Floris de 
Montmorency, Baron of, 59, 
64. 

executed, 129. 
Montinego [Martinego], Count, burns 

Chatillon, 161. 
Montmorency : 

Anne de, Constable of France, 
11, "31, 42, 49, 74, 102, 106, 
107, 110. 

, his daughter's marriage, 

107. 
-, his death, 111. 



Floris de. See Montigny. 
Francis de, 11, 102, 107, 113, 

129, 151, 160. 
, letter from, 147. 



355 



Montmorency, Francis de cont. 

, opposed to Cardinal of 

Lorraine, 117. 
, fidelity to Elizabeth, 121, 

123, 134. 
, interview with Norreys, 

121. 
, Knight of the Garter, 

121. 
, in charge of Paris with 

Alen9on, 135. 
-, his illness, 147. 



Henri de. See Danville. 
Philip, Sieur de Hachicourt, or 

Assincourt, 14, 86. 
Montpensier : 

Louis, Due de, 97. 

, with Anjou against Conde, 

137. 
Francois de, Dauphin of France, 

at Orleans, 117. 
Montreuil [France], 161. 
Montrose, James, Marquis of. See 

Graham, James. 

Montserrat [West Indies], Mr. 
Devereux to be Governor of, 
280. 

Montzon [Arragon], 13. 
Moors of Arabia revolt against 

Selim II, 116. 
Moravia, Diet in, 45. 

Emperor Maximilian II in, 
99. 
Moray, Earl of. See Stewart, 

James. 

Mordaunt, Henry, Earl of Peter- 
borough, commended to 
Prince Charles, 273, 295. 
Mores. See O'Mores. 
Morgan : 

Lewis, servant to Smith, at 
St. Quentin, 35. 

, charged with murder at 

Brecknock, 36. 
Captain, 246. 

, sent to South Wales, 279, 

281. 
Colonel [? clerical error for 

Foxe], 279. 
Morlaix [France], 275. 
Morret, M. de, 102. 
Morris, Marris : 

Colonel John, Governor of 
Pontefract, letter to, 293. 
, prisoner, 277. 
Margery, his wife, petition of, 

277. 

Mortimer, Major, a Royalist, 280. 
Morton : 

James, fourth Earl of. See 
Douglas, James. 
Mr., a Royalist, 259. 



Morton, Mr., a Royalist cont. 

, at Scilly, 278. 

, his proposition as to 

sending ships to the Straits, 
283. 
Morvilliers : 

Jean de, French Ambassador 
to England for Treaty of 
Troyes, 28, 29. 
[Louis de Lannoy], a Huguenot 

officer, 139. 

Moryson, Major [of Virginia], 262. 
Moscow, 143. 

Englishmen ill-used at, 149. 
Moselle, River, 82, 83. 
Mote Park [? Berks], 188. 
Mouans [? Paul], de, a Protestant 

Captain, 19. 

[Moulins], Mollins [France], 74. 
Mountgarret, Richard Butler, Vis- 
count. See Butler. 
Mount joy, James Blount, Viscount. 

See Blount, James. 
Mouy, de [Artus de Vaudray], a 
Huguenot captain, 135, 139, 
151. 

letter from, 160. 
succeeds de Genlis, 153. 
wife and family of, 160. 
Mullets [ ? Mules] for Queen Eliza- 
beth, 49, 174. 
for Lord Leicester, 144. 
Minister [Westphalia], 231, 235. 
Bishop of, encourages trade at 

Emden, 23. 
proposal to grave river from, 

to Emden, 23. 
treaty of, 231-234, 241. 
Munster [Ireland], 241, 260. 
offenders in, fined, 62. 
Admiralty, Judge of, 241. 
Cusack's advice as to, 63. 
President of, Lord Inchiquin, 

241, 249, 276. 
Murad IV, "Morat Han," Sultan 

of Turkey: 
letters to, 193, 194. 
Vizier of, letter to, 193. 
Murray : 

Earl of. See Stewart, James. 
William, a messenger, 251. 
Muscovy. See Russia. 
Musicians : 

lute players, 24, 30. 
a singer, 30. 

Musselburgh [Scotland], Laird of, 
his ship from West Indies 
taken, 277. 
Mustapha Pasha [Lali], commands 

at Malta, 60. 

Myddelmore, Henry, letter from, 
10, 



356 



N 

Namur [Flanders], 131. 
Nancy [France], 173. 
Nantes [France], 128. 

letter dated from, 67. 

ships prepared for Chatel- 

heraut at, 126, 129, 130. 
Naples, Kingdom of, religious per- 
secution in, 8. 
City, 47, 48, 52, 55. 

advices from, 42. 
commotion at, 22. 
exiles from, 42, 45. 
Del Guasto at, 22. 
Marquis of Pescara at, 21. 
pacification of , in 1648, 234. 
Royalist consul at, 263. 
scarcity at, 37. 
sea trade of, with Hol- 



land, 204. 
Viceroy of [Perafan de Rfbera, 
Due d'Alcala], 37, 46, 59. 

introduces inquisition at, 

42. 

, excommunicated, 97. 

Nassau-Hademar, John Lewis, 
Count of, announces Treaty of 
Westphalia, 232, 236. 
Nassau, Louis of. See Louis. 
Navarre, likely to be attacked by 

French, 115. 
Queen of. See Jeanne. 
Henry of. See Henry. 
Navagero, Cardinal Bernardo, 59. 
Navigation and Commerce, John 

Evelyn's tract upon, 267. 
Neagh, Lough [Ulster], 86. 
Neckar, River [Germany], 84, 235. 
Nedham, George, letters from, 22, 

180. 
unpopular at Antwerp as the 

"discloser of Emden," 180. 
Needham, Marchamont, author 
of Mercurius Pragmaticus. 
letters from, 282. 
apprehended by his own con- 
sent, 286, 298. 

Nemours, Jacques, Duke de, at 
Nevers, 144. 

raises troops for Charles IX, 
138. 

to besiege Sancerre, 142. 

Nerli, Francesco, Count, Ambas- 
sador of Duke of Mantua to 
Prince Charles, 207. 



Nerva, the [Russia], 143, 149. 
Nervi [Italy], Bishop of, 52. 
Netherlands, 22, 156, 234, 238, 245. 
Neuberg [Wolfgang], Duke of, 254. 
Nevers [France], de Nemours at, 144. 
Nevers, Francis II, Duke of Cleves 

and, 18. 

Henrietta, Duchess of, 18, 42. 
Neville, Charles, Earl of Westmor- 
land, 80. 

New Amsterdam, Dutch colony, 270. 
New England, first plantation of, 

expenses of, 270, 271. 
a ship of, 231. 

New York, North America, 270. 
New York [France], See Niort. 
Newburgh, James Livingstone, Earl 

of. See Livingstone. 
Newcastle, William Marquis of. See 

Cavendish, William. 
Newcastle [Northumberland], 14, 

69, 72. 

letters dated from, 68, 71. 
wine duties at, 190. 
Newhaven [France]. See Havre de 

Grace. 
Newman, Richard witnesses a 

document, 268. 
Newry, the [co. Down], 86. 
Newton : 

Alexander, 189. 

Dr. [? Francis], recommended 
too late for prebend at Canter- 
bury, 146. 
Sir Isaac, 269, 270. 
Mr. [Theodore], Prebendary of 
Canterbury, brother to Dr. 
Francis, 146. 

Nice [France], earthquakes near, 30. 
Nicholas, Sir Edward, letter from, 

203. 

countersigns pass, 203. 
member of Henrietta Maria's 

Council at Paris, 208. 
Nicolo, Ludovico, of Antwerp, his 

wife mentioned, 47. 
Nicolini, Cardinal, 59. 
Nicoll, Captain Augustine, taken at 

Scilly, 273, 274. 
Nimes [France], letter dated from, 

40. 

Niort, New York, France, 11. 
letter dated from, 148. 
siege of, 163. 
Nivelles [Flanders], 136. 
Nonsuch [Surrey], letter dated from, 

146. 
Norfolk : 

Duke of. See Howard, Thomas. 
County, a recusant of, speaks 

against Colepepper, 237. 
, Royalists in, 279, 304. 



357 



Norgate Thomas, Deputy Registrar 
of Admiralty for Charles II 
at Dunkirk, letter from, 261. 
petition of, and order for pay- 
ment to, 287. 

Norham [Northumberland], Cap- 
taincy of, 145. 
Normandy 87, 161, 164. 

Registrar of Admiralty Court 

in, 287. 
Norres, Robert, clerk, 189. 
Norreys, Sir Henry, Ambassador to 

France, 156. 

letters from, 96-100, 102, 104, 
105, 107, 113, 116, 120-122, 
124, 126, 127, 129-134, 138, 
142, 144, 146, 147, 149, 151, 
152, 155, 156, 160-163, 165, 
166, 174. 

to, 105. 

complains to Charles IX of 

arrest of Barnaby, 105. 
his difficulty in procuring 
messengers to England, 113, 
116, 166. 

his letters to the Queen inter- 
cepted, 133, 151-153, 163. 
money due by him to the 
Queen, 136. 

to him from Wyse, 136. 

his house at Paris entered in 
his absence for arrest of 
Protestants, 163. 
treatment of, by Charles IX, 162, 

163. 

in danger at Metz, 163. 
wishes for his recall or that of 
his wife [Margery Williams], 
and children, 152, 162. 
his ciphers seized, 163. 
sick, 165, 166. 
North Head [Kent], 165. 
North, Dudley, third Baron, 
Speaker of House of Lords: 
letter from, 224. 

to, 221. 

North Sea: 

Elizabeth desires to explore, 6. 
chart of, 22. 

Northampton [Northamptonshire], 
Mr. Wyborne's preaching at, 
177. 

Marquis of. See Parr, William. 
Northumberland : 

Duke and Duchess of. See 

Dudley. 
Earl of. See Percy, Algernon. 

See Percy, Thomas. 
Earldom of, 2. 

Norton, Mr., Captain of Norham, 145. 
Norway, passage between, and 
Greenland, 6. 



Norwich : 

George, Earl of. See Goring, 

George. 
[Norfolk], Cathedral, disorder 

in, 176. 

Chancellor of, 177. 
Dean of. See Astley, Herbert. 
Nottingham, warrant dated from, 6. 
county of, Lord Willoughby of 
Parham, to be Lieut. -General 
in, 281. 

Novorogod [Russia], 143. 
Noy, Captain, letter from, 273. 

thanked for services at Scilly, 

230. 
Noyers [Burgundy], Conde at, 123, 

130. 
Nozon [France, ? Nozay, Loire In- 

ferieure], 134. 

Nugent, Francis, letter from, 286. 
Nuncio, Papal. See Chigi. See 

Rinuccini. 

Nuneaton [Warwickshire], 144. 

Nuremburg [Bavaria], 45, 85. 

letter dated from, 254. 

Convention at, 4. 

Wrangel at, 234, 235. 



O'Byrnes, Bernes, the, 87. 
O'Brien, Murrough, Lord Inchquin, 

248, 249, 276. 
letters from, 290, 291. 
letters to, 242, 284, 285. 
Apsley sent to, 241. 
Lord President of Munster, 

249. 
makes Cessation with the Rebels, 

(1643), 287. 

Owen, letter from, 173. 
O'Connors, the, 26. 
O'Connor, Sir Donogh recalls his 

brother Owen, 173. 
O'Donell [Calvagh ?], 86. 
O'Doran, " denies the King's com- 
mission " at Dunkirk, 262. 
O'Mores, 26. 
O'Neal : 

Mr., in Holland, 280 

Don Eugenio, 281. 

Shane, Earl of Tyrone, 124. 

, letter from, 14. 

, accepts Elizabeth's friend- 
ship, 63. 



358 



O'Neal, Shane, Earl of Tyrone cont. 

, attacks the Pale, 91. 

, his promises and forces, 

86, 87. 

O'Neill, Owen Roe, 248, 249, 272. 
at Londonderry, 300. 
joins Monck and Jones, 272. 
receives money from Parlia- 
ment, 299, 300. 
said to be Royalist, 286. 
O'Reilly, 91. 
O'Tooles, Towelles, 87. 
Ochiltree, Andrew, Baron. See 

Stewart Andrew. 
Offaly [now King's County, Ireland], 

25. 
Oggersheim, Eggescheyn [Germany], 

Church service at, 84. 
Ogilvy, Oglevye, Lieut. -Colonel, 247. 
Oldenburg : 

Count Christopher of, 5. 
Count [Anton Guenther] of, 257. 
Onslow, Mr. Richard, Speaker of 
House of Commons, letter 
from, 117. 
Oppenheim, Oppenhaym [Germany], 

church and services at, 83. 
Orange : 

William "the Silent," Prince 
of, 44, 47, 50, 51, 97, 103, 119, 
122, 134, 135, 147, 165. 

, second marriage of, 4. 

, present at audience of 

Shers with Lady Regent, 
14. 

, in interview with Shers 

favours English merchants, 
15. 

, declares for Protestantism, 

100. 

, tries to reconcile Pro- 
testants and Papists at Ant- 
werp, 100. 

declaration of, against 



tyrannies of Alva, 120. 
, forces and preparation 

of, 126, 128, 129, 163. 
, adherents, list of, 186. 
, advance of, against Alva, 

125, 129-131, 133-136. 
, inaction of, in July, 1568, 

125. 
, advance of, into France, 

137, 139, 142, 144, 146, 150- 

153. 

, at Chateau Thierry, 139. 
, receives offers from 

Charles IX at Rheims, 139. 
, his son. See de Buren, 



Orange cont. 

William II, Prince of, 230, 245, 

280. 
, letters from, 206, 220, 

289. 
, to, 220, 233, 280, 

283, 286, 292. 

, Gough sent to, 233. 

, marries Princess Mary of 

England, 200, 219, 220. 

, troops of, 229, 233, 276. 

urged to furnish arms 



and troops for Ireland, 248. 
-, Vice-Admiral of, 220. 



Philip. 

Amalie, Princess of, letter from, 
206. 



Frederick Henry, Prince of, 

dies, 206. 
Orleans [France], 29, 100, 106, 113, 

117, 128, 130, 135, 138. 
letters dated from, 161-163. 
Edicts of, 31, 117, 125. 
Huguenots attacked at, 134. 
Duke of. See Anjou, Duke of. 

See Philippe. 

Duchess of. See Henrietta. 
Ormond, Marquis of. See Butler, 

James. 

Earl of. See Butler, Thomas. 
Osburne, Sir Peter, letters of, 275, 
287. 

rests the surprise of 
5-uernsey, 275. 
Osnaburg [Osnabriick, Prussia], 
Bishop of, promises to 
encourage trade at Emden, 23. 
Ostend [Flanders], letters dated 

from, 238, 273. 
men-of-war capture Cottington 

and Hyde, 273. 
vessel to keep communication 

with, 218. 
Outlaws from Papal States and 

Naples to be restored, 47. 
Overton, Colonel [Robert], Parlia- 
mentary Governor of Hull, 
272. 
Owen, attendant on Earl of 

Arundel, 85. 

Oyers, Abraham, advocate of Hol- 
land, letter from, 239. 
ordered to proceed against Sir 

R. Walsh, 237. 
Oxford : 

letters dated from, 47, 87-89, 

92, 155, 166, 173, 203, 278. 
mentioned, 179. 
University of, letters to, 46, 
101. 

, Chancellor of, letters to, 

47, 87-89, 92, 101, 119, 155, 
166. 

, , from, 46. 

, choice of Proctors at, 9. 



359 



Oxford, University of cont. 

, Convocation of, 93. 

, Earl of Leicester's visit 

to, arrangements for, 155. 
, reform of statutes at, 9, 

47. 
, registration of students, 

and payments of fees at, 192. 

, religion at, 88, 89. 

, search for heretical books 

and persons at, 166. 
, to nominate Chantry 

Priest at Windsor, 1. 

, Vice-Chancellor of, 161. 

letter from, 155. 
Vice-Chancellorship of, 



101. 



visitation of, 187. 



See 



Colleges : 

Christchurch, Dean of. 
Cooper, Dr. Thos. 

, Dean and Chapter of, 

letter from, 119. 

, Leicester and Cardinal 

Chatillonto lodge at, 156. 

, unable to pay ex- 
pense of Elizabeth's visit, 



, vicar, a, deprived of 

his house, 119. 
Corpus Christi College, laxity 

at, 88. 
Merton College, mentioned, 

152. 
New College, 89, 101. 

, Fellows of, letter from, 

89. 
Oriel College, Provost of. 

See Marbeck, Roger. 
Oxfordshire, Sheriff of, to prepare 
for Elizabeth's progress, 179. 



A 

Pacheco, Don Melchior, marriage of. 

237. 
Pacceco, Paccieco, Cardinal, 20, 29, 

36, 38, 52. 
Pacific Ocean, opening of, beneficial 

to Spain, 6. 
Padstow [Cornwall], letter dated 

from, 65. 

Hawkins arrives at, 65. 
Padua [Italy], 159, 160. 



Paget, Lord Henry, letters from, 65, 

73. 
Painter, a Florentine, coming to 

England, 44. 

Paisley [Renfrewshire], 118. 
Palatinate : 

the High, 235, 241. 
suspension of hostilities in, 

(1648), 233. 

the Low, sufferings of popula- 
tion after Thirty Years War, 
241. 
Palatine, Elector. See Charles 

Lewis. 

Pale, the English, in Ireland, 87, 
inhabitants of, attacked by 

Shane O'Neil, 91. 
Palermo, Sicily, letters dated from, 

234, 237. 

Convent of St. Joseph at, 234, 
Pallavicini [? a Banker], 24. 
Palliano, fort of, [Italy], 45. 
Pallicone, a conspirator, 48. 
Palmer : 

Sir Henry, letter to, 281. 
Colonel, a Royalist, 301. 
Palsgrave. See Frederic in, 

Elector. 

Panbode [Hungary ?], 60. 
Papacy, supremacy of, subject for 
disputation at Oxford, 155. 
Papists : 

at Antwerp, 98, 100. 
in France, 106, 107. 
in Germany, 4. 
at Wurtemberg, 108. 
Lords in England, 154. 
Scotch, 148, 150. 
Spanish, plot of, 148. 
watch Bishop of Hereford, 98. 
Papistry, disputation on the two 

pillars of, at Oxford, 155. 
Paris, 132, 138, 161-164, 170, 277, 

287. 

letters dated from, 29, 73, 96- 
100, 102, 104, 105, 107, 
113, 116, 120-122, 124, 126, 
127, 129-134, 138, 146, 147, 
156, 160, 161, 174, 208, 280, 
303, 305. 
Louvre, the, letter dated from, 

208. 

First President of, 109. 
gives money for siege of Havre, 

" Marble Table " at Palais [de 

Justice] at, 198. 
Norreys' house at, attacked, 163. 
Protestants at, 111, 117, 122, 

146, 174. 
Provost of, ordered to release 

Barnaby, 106. 



360 



Paris, Provost of cont. 

, letter from, 106. 

Parker : 

Matthew, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 157. 

, letters from, 146, 152, 

161. 

, to, 174. 

, blamed for laxity of 

discipline by Elizabeth, 175. 
Widow, allowed grazing in 

Richmond Park, 287. 
Mr., bearer of letter, 41. 

, at Madrid with Huggins, 

55. 

Parkins, Perkins, Francis, his house 
at Ufton searched for Jesuits, 
182, 183. 
Parlandes, Mr. Francis, commended 

to Leicester, 144. 
mentioned, 162. 
Parliament : 

of England, 216, 232, 239, 251, 
303-305. 

, Colepepper reported to 

correspond with, 237. 

, Commissioners of, at 

Carisbrooke, 223. 

, likely to send Ambassador 

to Sweden, 246. 

, spy of, letter from, 264. 

House of Lords, 269. 
of Scotland, 70. 
Parma : 

Bishop of, 37. 

Prince of. See Farnese, Alex- 
ander. 
Duchess Margaret of. See 

Margaret. 
Duke Ottavio Farnese of. See 

Farnese. 

Parr, William, Marquis of North- 
ampton, 111, 112. 
Parramore, Mr., of Galloway, letter 

from, 284. 
Paul II, Pope, began the Palazzo 

Venezia at Rome, 28. 
Paulet, Pawlett : 
Sir Hugh, 185. 

William, Marquis of Winchester, 
warrant to, for Parsonage of 
Maidstone, 2. 

, , for John and 

Johane West, 3. 
Pauw, Adrien, letter from, 250. 
Peers, Dr. John. See Piers. 
Pelham, Sir W. [?], "Mr. Pellem," 
his bargain with the Regent 
Moray, 150. 

Pembroke, Earls of. See Herbert. 
Pembroke [Wales], 299. 

Royalist army sent to, 208. 



Pendennis Castle [Cornwall], letters 

dated from, 278, 289. 
in need of supplies, 289. 
officers of, letter to, 290. 
Prince Charles wishes they had 

not gone to Jersey, 290. 
Penniall, Capt. Matthew, letter from, 
describing his capture of 
money in the Channel, 261. 
Penruddock, Penriddocke, John [?], 
gentleman [in waiting] to 
Charles II, 255. 
Pepys, Samuel, 201. 
Percy : 

Algernon, Earl of Northumber- 
land, 295. 
Henry, Lord, letter from, 277. 

, instructions for, 252. 

, at Paris, 277. 

, sent to Prince of Orange, 

283. 

Sir Harry, 145. 
Thomas, 80, 89. 

, restored to Earldom 

of Northumberland, copy of 
letters patent, 2. 

, letter from, 135. 

, men of, find a chest of, 

Spanish money, 72. 
Perigeux [France], surprised, 161. 
Perkins : 

Francis. See Parkins. 
Mr., an astronomer, 269.