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Full text of "Report on the progress and condition of the U.S. National Museum for the year ending June 30 ..."

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SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 
UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM 



REPORT ON THE PROGRESS AND CON- 
DITION OF THE U. S. NATIONAL 
MUSEUM FOR THE YEAR 
ENDING JUNE 30, 1908 



W ^ Q&^ 



LIBRARY 
NEW YORK 
BOTANE 

OARUL >. 



WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1909 



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LIBRARY 
NEW YORK 
BOTANICAL 

QAKDEN. 



United States Xational Museum, 
Under Direction of the Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, D. C, December 2, 1908. 

Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith a report upon the present 
condition of the United States National Museum, and upon the Avork 
accomplished in its various departments during the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1908. 

Very respectfully, 

Richard Rathbun, 
Assistant Secretary., in Charge of the National Museum. 

Dr. Charles D. Walcott, 

Secretary, Smithsonian Institution. 



CO^^TENTS. 



Page. 

General considerations 9 

Inception and history 9 

Some important matters of the year 1-1 

New building for the National Museum 16 

National Gallery of Art 19 

An important art movement 21 

Summary of the operations of the year 25 

Appropriations 25 

Buildings 25 

Collections 27 

Department of Anthropology 27 

Department of Biology 39 

Department of Geology 51 

Distribution and exchange of specimens 55 

Miscellaneous 56 

Visitors 56 

Congresses and meetings 57 

Correspondence 58 

Publications 58 

Library 60 

Photography 60 

Expositions 61 

Organization and staff 62 

The Museum staff 65 

List of accessions 67 

List of publications - 109 

5 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Facing page. 

1. New building for United States National Museum. Perspective view 

of the building as it will appear when finished; taken from the 
southeast, and showing the south or main front and the east side. 
Hornblower & Marshall, architects. Keproduced from a water color 
drawing by L. M. Leisenring . 9 

2. New building for United States National Museum. South nv main 

front, showing jn-ogress of work. .Tuly 8, 1908 IT 

3. New building for I'nited States National Museum. North front, show- 

ing progress of work, July 8, 1908 19 

7 



Report of U. S. National Museun-, 1908. 



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REPORT ON THE PROGRESS AND CONDITION OF 

THE U. S, NATIONAL MUSEUM FOR THE 

YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1908. 



By Richard Rathbun, 
Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, in cliarfje of the V. S. National Museum. 



GENERAL COXSIDERATIONS. 

INCEPTION AND HISTORY. 

The inception and history of the National ^Vlnsenm have often been 
discussed in the opening pages of the annual report. Congress, in 
the act of August 10, 184G, founding the Smithsonian Institution, 
recognized that an opportunity^ was afforded, in carrying out the 
large-minded design of Smithson, to provide for the custody of the 
museum of the nation. To this new establishment was therefore 
intrusted the care of the national collections, a course that time has 
fully justified. 

In the beginning the cost of maintaining the museum side of the 
Institution's work was wholly paid from the Smithsonian income; 
then for a number of years the Government bore a share, and during 
the past three decades Congress has voted sufficient funds to cover the 
expenses of the Museum, thus furthering one of the primary means 
" for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men " without 
encroaching upon the resources of the Institution, 

The museum idea was inherent in the establishment of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, which in its turn was based upon a ten years' dis- 
cussion in Congress and the advice of the most distinguished scientific 
men, educators, and intellectual leaders of the nation of seventy 
years ago. It is interesting to note how broad and comprehensive 
were the views which actuated our lawmakers in determining the 

9 



10 REPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908 



scope of the Museum, a fact especially remarkable when it is recalled 
that at that date no museum of considerable size existed in the 
United States, and the museums of England and of the Continent of 
Europe Avere still to a large extent without a developed plan, although 
containing many rich collections. 

The Congress which passed the act of foundation enumerated as 
within the scope of the Museum " all objects of art and of foreign 
and curious research and all objects of natural history, plants, and 
geological and mineralogical specimens belonging to the United 
States," thus stamping the Museum at the very outset as one of the 
widest range and at the same time as the Museum of the United 
States. It was also fully appreciated that additions would be neces- 
sary to the collections then in existence, and provision was made for 
their increase by the exchange of duplicate specimens, by donations, 
and by other means. 

If the wisdom of Congress in so fully providing for a museum in 
the Smithsonian law challenges attention, the interpretation put 
upon this law by the Board of Regents within less than six months 
from the passage of the act can not but command admiration. In the 
early jDart of September, 1840, the Eegents took steps toward formu- 
lating a plan of operations. The report of the committee appointed 
for this purpose, submitted in December and January following, 
shows a thorough consideration of the subject in both the spirit and 
the letter of the law. It would seem not out of place to cite here the 
very first pronouncement of the Board with reference to the char- 
acter of the Museum : 

" In obedience to the requirements of the charter," which leaves 
little discretion in regard to the extent of accommodations to be 
provided, your committee recommend that there be included in the 
building a museum of liberal size, fitted up to receive the collections 
destined for the Institution. * * * 

"As important as the cabinets of natural history by the charter 
i-equirod to be included in the Museum your committee regard its 
ethnological portion, including all collections that may supply items 
in the physical history of our species and illustrate the manners, 
customs, religions, and progressive advance of the various nations 
of the world; as, for example, collections of skulls, skeletons, por- 
traits, dresses, implements, weapons, idols, antiquities, of the various 
races of man. * * * In this connexion your committee recom- 
mend the passage of resolutions asking the cooperation of certain 

" Since the Institiition was not chartered in a legal sense, but established by 
Congress, the use of tlie word "charter" in this connection would seem to be 
unauthorized. It was not subsequently employed. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 11 

public functionaries and of the public generally in furtherance of 
the above objects. 

" Your committee are further of opinion that in the JNIuseum. if 
the funds of the Institution permit, might judiciously be included 
various series of models illustrating the progress of some of the most 
useful inventions: such, for example, as the steam engine from its 
earliest and rudest form to its present most improved state ; but this 
they propose only so far as it may not encroach on ground already 
covered by the numerous models in the Patent Office. 

" Specimens of staple materials, of their gradual manufacture, and 
of the finished products of manufactures and the arts may also, your 
committee think, be usefully introduced. This would supply oppor- 
tunity to examine samples of the best manufactured articles our 
country affords, and to judge her gradual progress in arts and manu- 
factures. * * * 

"The gallery of art, your committee think, should include both 
paintings and sculpture, as well as engravings and architectural 
designs; and it is desirable to have in connexion with it one or more 
studios in which young artists might copy without interruption, 
being admitted under such regulations as the board may prescribe. 
Your committee also think that, as the collection of paintings and 
sculpture will probably accumulate slowly, the room destined for a 
gallery of art might properly and usefully meanwhile be occupied 
during the sessions of Congress as an exhibition room for the works 
of artists generally; and the extent and general usefulness of such 
an exhibition might probably be increased if an arrangement could 
be effected with the Academy of Design, the Arts-Union, the Artists' 
Fund Society, and other associations of similar character, so as to 
concentrate at the metropolis for a certain portion of each winter 
the best results of talent in the fine arts.*' 

The important points in this report are, (1) that it was the opinion 
of the Regents that a museum was requisite under the law, Congress 
having left no discretion in the matter; (2) that ethnolog}^ and 
anthropolog}% though not specially named, were A^et as important 
subjects as natural history; (3) that the history of the progress of 
useful inventions and the collection of the raw materials and products 
of the manufactures and arts should also be provided for; (4) for the 
gallery of art the committee had models in existence, and they pro- 
posed, pending the gathering of art collections, which Avould of 
necessit}' be slow, to provide for loan exhibitions by cooperating with 
art academies and societies. 

In the resolutions which were adopted upon the presentation of 
this report, a museum was mentioned as " one of the principal modes 



12 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908, 

of executing the act and trust."" The work was to go forward as 
the funds permitted, and, as is well known, the maintenance of the 
Museum and the library was long ago assumed by Congress, the 
Institution taking upon itself only so much of the necessary respon- 
sibility for the administration of these and subsequent additions to 
its activities as would weld them into a compact whole, which to- 
gether form a unique and notable agency for the increase and diffusion 
of knowledge, for the direction of research, for cooperation with 
departments of the Government and with universities and scientific 
societies in America, and likewise afford a definite correspondent to 
all scientific institutions and men abroad who seek interchange of 
views or knowledge Avith men of science in the United States. 

Since that early day no material change has been suggested in the 
general scope of the Government Museum; it has only remained to 
elaborate the details, and the opportunity is now close at hand to 
realize all that the first Board had in view, since ample space will be 
available within another two years. 

The development of the Museum has naturally been greatest in 
those subjects which the conditions of the past sixty years have made 
most fruitful — the natural history, geology, ethnology, and arche- 
ology of the United States, supplemented by many collections from 
other countries. The opportunities in these directions have been 
mainly brought about through the activities of the scientific and 
economic surveys of the Government, many of which are the direct 
outgrowths of earlier explorations, stimulated or directed by the 
Institution. The Centennial Exhibition of 1876 afforded the first 
opportunity for establishing a department of the industrial arts on 
a creditable basis, and of this the fullest advantage was taken, though 
only a part of the collections then obtained could be accommodated 
in the space available. 

The department or gallery of the fine arts had made little progress, 
though not from lack of desire or appreciation, until within the past 
two and one-half years, during which its interests have been markedly 
advanced, as elsewhere explained. 

Another subject to which much attention has been paid with grati- 
fying results is American history, illustrated by objects representing 

" Resolved, That it is the intention of the act of Congress establishing the 
Institution, and in accordance with the design of Mr. Smlthson, as expressed in 
his will, that one of the principal modes of executing the act and the trust is 
the accumulation of collections of specimens and objects of natural history 
and of elegant art, and the gradual formation of a library of valuable works 
pertaining to all departments of human knowletlge, to the end that a copious 
storehouse of materials of science, literature, and art may be provided which 
shall excite and diffuse the love of learning among men, and shall assist the 
original investigations and efforts of those who may devote themselves to the 
pursuit of any branch of knowledge. 



REPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 13 

distinguished personages and important events as well as the domestic 
life of the country from the colonial period to the present day. 

It has been deemed appropriate to present the foregoing brief re- 
view of the scope of the national collections in this connection, since 
the time is near when they may be given an orderly arrangement and 
when the subjects least developed from lack of space may have the 
opportunity for growth. By transferring to the new building, as 
proposed to Congress, the subjects which are best represented, which 
have been as a whole most completely classified and can, therefore, 
be most advantageously exhibited for the benefit of the public, 
namely, ethnology, archeology, natural history, and geology, the pres- 
ent Museum building may be given over to the arts and industries. 
In several branches of this subject the collections are already im- 
portant and extensive, and arrangements are under way for large and 
valuable additions. Certain halls in the Smithsonian building w^ere 
originally planned for the gallery of fine arts, and with a moderate 
expenditure they can be adjusted to suit the requirements of to-day. 

AVith its collections thus distributed between the three buildings, 
all fireproof and of substantial construction, the National Museum 
may be expected to enter upon an era of renewed prosperity and 
usefulness. 

AVhile it is the primary duty of a museum to preserve the objects 
confided to its care, as it is that of a library to preserve its books and 
manuscripts, yet the importance of public collections rests not upon 
the mere basis of custodianship, nor upon the number of specimens 
assembled and their money value, but upon the use to which they are 
put. Judged by this standard, the National Museum may claim to 
have reached a high state of efficiency. From an educational point of 
view it is of great value to those persons w^ho are so fortunate as to 
reside in Washington or who are able to visit the nation's capital. In 
its well-designed cases, in which every detail of structure, appoint- 
ments, and color is considered, a selection of representative objects is 
placed upon view to the public, all being carefully labeled individu- 
ally and in groups. The child as well as the adult has been provided 
for, and the kindergarten pupil and the high-school scholar can be 
seen here, supplementing their class-room games or studies. Under 
authority from Congress, the small colleges and higher grades of 
schools and academies throughout the land, especially in places where 
museums do not exist, are also being aided in their educational work 
by sets of duplicate specimens, selected and labeled to meet the needs 
of both teachers and pupils. 

Nor has the elementary or even the higher education been by any 
means the sole gainer from the work of the Museum. To advance 
knowledge, to gradually extend the boundaries of learning, has been 
one of the great tasks to which the Museum, in consonance with the 



14 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

spirit of the Institution, has set itself from the first.. Its staff, though 
chiefly engaged in the duties incident to the care, classification, and 
labeling of collections in order that they may be accessible to the pub- 
lic and to students, has yet in these operations made imi^ortant dis- 
coveries in every department of the Museum's activities, which have 
in turn been communicated to other scholars through its numerous 
publications. But the collections have not been held for the study of 
the staff' nor for the scientific advancement of those belonsfinsr to the 
establishment. Most freely have they been put at the disposal of 
iuA'estigators connected with other institutions, and, in fact, without 
the helj) of many such the record of scientific progress based upon the 
material in the Museum would be greatly curtailed. AA^ien it is pos- 
sible to so arrange the investigator comes to Washington; otherwise 
such collections as he needs are sent to him, whether he resides in 
this country or abroad. In this manner practically every prominent 
specialist throughout the world interested in the subjects here well 
represented has had some use of the collections, and thereby the Na- 
tional Museum has come to be recognized as a conspicuous factor in 
the advancement of knowledge wherever civilization has a foothold. 

SOME IMPORTANT MATTERS OF THE YEAR. 

The collections of the Museum were increased to the extent of ap- 
proximately 219,505 specimens, of which 176,263 were biological and 
32,755 geological, while 10,487 pertained to the several subjects 
grouped in the Department of Anthropology. 

The most important contributions in ethnology were illustrative 
of the natives of Borneo, the Philippine Islands and Guam, the cliff 
dwellers of northwestern Arizona, the Zuni Indians of New Mexico, 
and the Tahltan Indians of British Columbia. Excavations at the 
Casa Grande ruin, Arizona, 3'ielded an interesting collection of pre- 
Columl)ian objects, and additional archeological material was received 
from Mexico, Bolivia, Egypt, and India. The division of phj'sical 
anthropology^ obtained many valuable series of specimens from vari- 
ous sources, and arrangements were made with two of the exploring 
expeditions now making excavations in Egypt to secure some of the 
human remains found in the ancient tombs, this class of objects hav- 
ing hitherto been generally disregarded. A large number of models 
and actual examples of devices, deposited by the Patent Office, form a 
most noteworthy addition in technology. The objects were selected 
with reference to their permanent value and as illustrating the prog- 
ress of invention through a long term of years. They relate to many 
subjects and are being arranged in the public halls. 

An exceptionally interesting loan, which is attracting much atten- 
tion, is the flag which floated over Fort McHenry at the time of its 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 15 

bombardment in 1814, and was made memorable as the " Star Span- 
gled Banner " by the verses of Francis Scott Key. Among- other 
loans were several art collections of metal work, j)orcelain, lacquer, 
ivory, etc., mainly from the Orient; an addition to the exhibit of 
Jewish religious ceremonial objects; and many pieces of china and 
cut glass used at Mount Vernon during the life of Washington. 

In the Department of Biology, the more important accesssions of 
mammals and birds came from Malaysia, the Philippines, and Costa 
Rica. The Bureau of Fisheries transmitted extensive collections of 
fishes and invertebrates chiefly obtained during the exploration of the 
steamer Albatross in the Pacific Ocean. The final division of the 
greater part of the collection of marine invertebrates obtained during 
the early explorations of the Bureau of Fisheries on the Atlantic 
coast, which had been retained for study at the museum of Yale 
University, resulted in the transfer to Washington of over 73,000 
specimens, representing an extremely large number of species and 
including the types of 355 species. The division of insects received 
about 53,000 specimens, mostly American; and the division of plants 
about 25,000 specimens, principally from North and Central America. 

The geological accessions comprised several of exceptional value, 
especially in paleontology. Of fossil invertebrates there were two 
large described collections, containing many types; the material ob- 
tained in the course of explorations of the Cambrian rocks of British 
Columbia and Idaho by the Secretary of the Institution, and of the 
paleozoic formations of Tennessee and Virginia by the curator of the 
division; and important transfers from the Geological Survey. The 
division of fossil vertebrates received two noteworthy additions, one 
consisting of a large number of rare species from various horizons in 
the United States and South America, the other of the remains of 
several species of mammals collected on the Smithsonian expedition to 
Alaska. The department also received several series of rocks and 
ores, a number of rare minerals, and three meteorites. 

The collections of all classes have been maintained in a good state 
of preservation, though lack of space and of a sufficient number of 
expert assistants has rendered it impossible to systematically classify 
and arrange a large proportion of the material. Much important 
research work was carried on and many valuable contributions to 
knowledge were made public. 

In the exhibition halls, which have long been overcrowded, and in 
which the display of new material in quantity is practically dependent 
upon the withdrawal of older collections, some changes and additions 
were made, the latter mainly at the expense of the jjassageways and 
the convenience of the public, in order to find room for several at- 
tractive loan collections. In this manner the picture gallery has been 
82065—09 2 



16 ^ KEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

utilized to almost its entire capacity in the interest of the superb 
assemblage of laces, embroideries, fans, porcelains, and other kindred 
objects brought together by a number of the ladies of Washington, as 
explained below. The average daily attendance of visitors amounted 
to nearly 1,000, a number which would be greatly increased were it 
jjossible to extend the hours of opening to Sundays and evenings. 

About 2G,000 duplicate specimens were utilized in making exchanges 
and in suj^pljdng material to educational institutions. The publica- 
tions comprised 8 volumes and parts of 2 unfinished volumes, all of 
which, excej^t the annual or administrative report, w^ere descriptive of 
Museum collections. The library, wholly restricted to subjects com- 
ing within the scope of the Museum, received 3,257 books, 4,470 
l^amphlets, and 247 j^arts of volumes, a large proportion of which 
were acquired as gifts or in exchange. Interesting exhibits were made 
at the Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exj)osition and the International 
Maritime Exposition 'at Bordeaux, France, both of which were held 
during the summer and early fall of 1907. 

NEW BUILDING FOR THK NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

The progress of the work on the new building for the National 
Museum was greatly hindered, as in previous years, by delays in ob- 
taining the white granite from Vermont within the time limits fixed 
by the contracts. The quarry, the cutters, and the railroads have 
all been at fault in bringing about this unfortunate condition, which 
has retarded the completion of the building for many months, and 
has caused a considerable extra expense. 

At the close of the year the exterior walls, except those inclosing 
the south pavilion and the dome, for which the stone had not been 
received, were finished, and the construction of the roofs was well 
under way. The interior structural walls and piers and the floors 
Avere also completed in the rough, and many of the metal window 
frames of the first and second stories were in place. Some of the 
latter had likewise been glazed. So much work still remains to be 
done in the interior, however, such as the building of partitions, the 
laying of floors, the plastering, the installation of the heating, ven- 
tilating, and lighting plants, with their immense ramifications of 
pipes and wires, the completion of the windows, and countless lesser 
details, that the expectation held forth of being able to make some 
use of the building by January, 1909, has had to be abandoned. The 
best that can now be looked for is that the storage and laboratory 
quarters may be practically ready for occupancy toward the end of 
the fiscal year. 

This sj^lendid large building, which covers a greater area than any 
other government structure in Washington except the Capitol, was 



Report of U. S. National Museum, 1908. 



Plate 2. 




EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 17 

authorized by Congress in the sundry ci^'il act for 1904, its limit of 
cost being fixed at $3,500,000. The preliminary plans received the 
approval of a committee of the Board of Regents on January 27 
of that year, but it Avas not until several months later that the Avork- 
ing drawings were sufficiently advanced to make the initial contracts. 
The ground was first broken on June 15 by the Secretary of the 
Institution in the midst of an informal gathering. The necessary 
excavations were completed during the summer and the heavy con- 
crete foundations on November 9, 1904. Since then the work would 
have gone on continuously and rapidly but for the delays occasioned 
by the slow delivery of granite, as most other contracts have been 
satisfactorily complied with. About four years, therefore, have 
already been consumed in the building, and to these it now appears 
certain that another will be added. 

The importance of this new building will be appreciated by all who 
have kept in touch with the growth of the National Museum and the 
progress of its activities, as described in these reports from year to 
year. The number of specimens received has been enormous, aver- 
aging nearly a quarter of a million annually, while the value of 
the material thus brought together is beyond calculation. Nature, 
as comprehended in the subjects of zoology, botany, geology, eth- 
nology, and archeology, jDredominates over art in a very marked 
degree, both in the extent and value of the collections and in the 
progress made in their study, classification, and exhibition. It was 
for the accommodation of these collections, whose diversit}^ and 
importance are elsewhere explained and which illustrate the resources 
and many economic problems primarily of the territory of this coun- 
try, that a new building was most urgently demanded and the one in 
question has been planned. When the transfer has been accomplished, 
the present Museum building can be wholly given over to the arts 
and industries, for which it Avas mainly constructed and has been 
partly utilized. 

The new building is located on the Mall directly in front of the 
Smithsonian building, w^hich it faces. It is a massive and dignified 
granite structure, four stories high, with a frontage of 561 feet, a 
depth of 365 feet, and a height of 82 feet. Its shorter axis is in a 
line with the center of Tenth street, through which it may be reached 
from Pennsylvania avenue, distant only three blocks. The principal 
external feature of the building is a large square pavilion at the 
middle of the south side, terminating in four pediments, one on 
each face, at some distance above the main roofs. Inclosed by the 
pavilion is a rotunda 80 feet in diameter, with four massive, orna- 
mental piers to be surmounted by a curved ceiling reaching a height 
of 127 feet 7 inches. The exterior structure of the rotunda will be 



18 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

carried above the ijediments of the pavilion in the shape of a circidar 
granite wall, capped by a simple rounded dome with slate covering, 
attaining a height of 1()2 feet 2 inches above the ground line. The 
south pavilion contains the main entrance, sheltered by a portico sup- 
ported by heavy Corinthian columns, of which there are 6 in the 
outer row. Below these are the steps and platforms of the approaches 
from the driveway, all to be built of granite. 

Aside from the south pavilion the exterior of the building is prac- 
tically without ornamentation, and the same is true of the interior, 
as explained below. Well-designed lines and proportions have pro- 
duced an air of refinement most pleasing and effective, which any 
added features in the way of embellishment could only serve to 
depreciate. The purpose of the building is evident from the outside. 
The window openings predominate, being everywhere, except in the 
upper story, much wider than the intervening piers. The color 
tone is very light. The granite for the exterior walls has come from 
three sources. A pink or warm gray variety from Milford, Massa- 
chusetts, has been used for the basement ; a nearly white stone from 
Mount Airy, North Carolina, for the upper story; and a pure white 
granite from the recently opened quarry at Bethel, Vermont, for the 
two main stories and the south and north pavilions. Such parts of 
the roofs as can be seen from the outside are covered with light 
green slate, the same as will be used for the dome, which harmonizes 
well with the stone work. 

In ground plan the building has a general rectangular outline, 
but fundamentally it consists of three main wings joined to the south 
pavilion in the shape of the letter T. Two series of ranges, placed 
at right angles and comiecting with the wings near their outer ends, 
compose the northeastern and northwestern parts of the building, 
and help to inclose two uncovered courts, each of which is 128 feet 
square. The interior width of the Avings is 114 feet, of the ranges 
54 feet. In the latter the lighting is entirely from windows, and 
thus one story succeeds another uniformly and without any openings 
through the floors. A different arrangement was necessary for the 
broad wings and has been worked out as follows: The lower story, 
which has been termed the " basement," although raised several feet 
above the adjacent street, is wholly covered by the floor of the next 
or main story, and in the middle parts will require artificial lighting. 
This condition, however, will not prevent the utilization of all the 
space in this story. The middle of the eastern wing will be occupied 
by the boilers and machinery, and that of the western by a large 
inclosure for the storage of alcoholic specimens, while that of the 
central wing will be used as an exhibition hall for large objects, 
besides serving as a passageway from the north entrance to the 
auditorium in the south pavilion. The windows will furnish light 



Report of U. S. Na-tional Museum, 1908. 



Plate 3. 




REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. • 19 

to laboratories, workshops, offices, etc., which are arranged along 
the outer walls and extend through the adjacent ranges. The height 
of the story is about 20 feet. 

The main story, as above intimated, also presents a continuous 
floor space, and in order to completely light it the middle part of 
each wing, to a width of 50 feet, is carried up through the second 
story to a ceiling light underneath a roof skylight. The sides of the 
story to a depth of 32 feet are lighted from the windows, but at the 
outer ends of the wings the distance is somewhat greater. The line 
of demarcation between the two sections is marked by a row of piers, 
which helps to support the second story. This open construction is 
the main feature of the wings, and furnishes three exceptionally 
large halls well adapted to the exhibition of collections for the 
public. By means of screens the lateral sections can be parti}' cut 
oti' from the skylighted area, and divided iaito apartments so as to 
meet the varying requirements of installation without destroying the 
architectural effect of the hall as a whole. The height at the sides 
is about 21 feet, and from the floor to the ceiling light about 52 feet. 
The second story of the main wings, as will be understood from the 
above description, is equivalent in space to only the lateral and end 
sections of the first story. It is separated from the skylighted area 
by walls, pierced at intervals by large doorlike openings, from which 
a view of the main halls may be obtained. Its height is about 20 
feet, and it derives its light entirely from windows. It will also be 
utilized for public exhibition. The third story corresponds with the 
second in the amount and distribution of floor space. It will, how- 
ever, be entirely divided into rooms for laboratories, for the storage 
of collections, and for the general administrative offices. In the 
attics of the wings some additional space for storage will be obtained. 

The building will be entirely fireproof, and will contain everj^ 
modern convenience that is deemed essential for museum purposes. 
A monumental staircase has been omitted on account of the space it 
would occupy, but there are several stairways at different points, and 
passenger elevators at the two entrances. 

NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART. 

In accordance with the plan proposed the year before, with the 
object of maintaining a proper standard of merit in the acceptance 
of paintings and works of sculpture for the National Gallery of Art, 
a committee of five artists to act in an advisory capacity was desig- 
nated in the spring of 1908, The selection of three members of the 
committee was requested of three leading art associations, the other 
two being named by the Smithsonian Institution. This committee 
held its first meeting at the Institution on April 16, 1908. As then 



20 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

organized, it is constituted as follows: Mr. Francis D. Millet, presi- 
dent; Mr. Frederick Crowninshield, representing the Fine Arts 
Federation, of which he is the president ; Mr. Edwin H. Blashfield, 
representing the National Academy of Design; Mr. Herbert Adams, 
representing the National Sculpture Society, of which he is the 
president; and Mr. William H. Holmes, of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion, secretary of the committee. 

The failure to secure last winter the means necessary to provide 
suitable quarters for the paintings belonging to the gallery has 
retarded the segregation and arrangement of the collection, which, 
therefore, continues to be exhibited under very adverse conditions, 
not at all likely to attract the attention of those who might other- 
wise gladly contribute to its growth. Some important donations of 
pictures were, however, received. 

Mr. William T. Evans has added to his collection of contemporary 
American artists since the last report paintings by Hugo Ballin, 
George de Forest Brush, F. S. Church, Henry Golden Dearth, 
Charles Melville Dewey, Paul Dougherty, Ben Foster, Childe Has- 
sam, Ernest Lawson, Willard LeRoy Metcalf, Robert Reid, R. M. 
Shurtleff, John H. Twachtman, Henry Oliver Walker, Worthington 
^A^iittredge, Carleton Wiggins, Irving R. Wiles, and Frederick Bal- 
lard Williams. Among other gifts of paintings were the following: 
" Crossing the Ferry," by Adrien ]Moreau, presented by Mrs. James 
Lowndes in memory of her father, Lucius Tuckerman ; and " Indian 
Summer Day," by Max Weyl, presented by thirty of his Washington 
friends in commemoration of the seventieth anniversary of the artist's 
birth. Mr. Charles L. Freer has made very extensive additions to his 
large collection of American and oriental art, donated to the Institu- 
tion in 1906, which, it will be recalled, is to remain in the possession 
of Mr. Freer during his life. 

The collection of thirteen historical marine paintings executed by 
the late Edward Moran during the later years of his life has, through 
the courtesy of Mr. Theodore Sutro, of New York, been temporarily 
deposited in the gallery at the Museum building. The several pictures 
are entitled as follows: "The Ocean — The Highw^ay of All Nations; " 
" Landing of Lief Erickson in the New World in the Year 1001 ; " 
"The Santa Maria, Nina, and Pinta;" "The Debarkation of Colum- 
bus;"" "Midnight Mass on the Mississippi, over the Body of Ferdi- 
nand De Soto, 1512 ;" " Henry Hudson entering New York Bay, 
September 11th, 1609;" "Embarkation of the Pilgrims from South- 
ampton, August 5th, 1620 ; " " First Recognition of the American 
Flag by a Foreign Government, in the Harbor of Quiberon, France, 
February 13th, 1778 ; " " Burning of the Frigate Philadelphia in the 
Harbor of Tripoli. February 16th, 1804;" "The Brig Armstrong 
engaging the British Fleet in the Harbor of Fayal, September 26th, 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 21 

1814;'"' "Iron versus Wood — Sinking of the Cumberland b}' the 
Merrimac in Hampton Roads, March 8th, 18G2;" "The ^Vliite 
Squadron's Farewell Salute to the Body of Captain John Ericsson, 
New York Bay, August 25th, 1890 ; " " Eeturn of the Conquerors — 
Typifying Our Victory in the late Spanish-American War, Septem- 
ber 29th, 1899." 

By act of Congress, approved May 22, 1908, the colossal marble 
statue of Washington by Horatio Greenough, completed in 1840 and 
since 1875 occupying a position in front of the main steps of the 
Capitol, was transferred to the custody of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion. It is intended to place this work in the Smithsonian building 
imtil a more fitting location for it shall be found, probably in connec- 
tion with the National Gallery of Art. The statue has been greatly 
injured by its long exposure in the open air, but its preservation has 
been urged by artists qualified to pass upon its merits. 

AN IMPORTANT ART MOVEMENT. 

The Centennial Exhibition of 18TG afforded the first opportunity 
for extending the activities of the Museum into the field of the arts 
and crafts. In fact, the extensive collections obtained in that con- 
nection, which influenced the erection of the 2:)resent Museum build- 
ing, completed in 1881, l)elonged largely in this category. They con- 
sisted principally of gifts contributed by over thirty diiferent nations 
and many American exhibitors, and while none of the subjects 
represented was covered comprehensively, yet the material as a whole 
formed an excellent nucleus from which to build. Most of the objects 
were placed on exhibition in the beginning, but the greater part was 
subsequently crowded out and sent to storage. Among the subjects 
retained on display were several that lend themselves to artistic 
workmanship of a high order. The exhibits along these lines have 
been added to by donation _and purchase, and supplemented by im- 
portant loans, and although they are still relatively small, they 
contain much that is of value and importance. In the graphic arts, 
ceramics, metal work, glass work, and lacquer there is now a partial 
segregation of materials, but some of the finest examples of these 
subjects and illustrations of others are incorporated with the histor- 
ical collections or have been temporarily installed among the exhibits 
in ethnology. That the early efforts toward building up this depart- 
ment were not systematically continued has been mainly due to the 
lack of space, but with the additional room soon to be acquired the 
work will be actively resumed, in the hope that before many years 
creditable- progress can be shown in the matter of illustrating the 
materials, processes, and finished products, as well as the history of 
the development, of the various arts and handicrafts. 



22 EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

As the success of tliis undertaking must depend to a great extent 
on private contributions, it is extremely gratifying to announce that 
during the past year a movement has been started for the very laud- 
able purpose of stimulating public interest in a direction where 
individual help is especially needed. The field is one belonging 
essentially to woman — the adornment of the church, the home, and 
the person — since its development has been mainly due to her inspira- 
tion and its achievements have resulted largely from her handiAvork. 
With boundaries not clearly definable and with a large percentage of 
objects difficult of classification, owing to their composite nature, the 
range of material employed is so great as to furnish exceptional 
opportunities for the skill of the designer, the sculptor, and the 
painter. 

The matter was first brought to the attention of the Museum by 
Mrs. James W. Pinchot in 1907, with the tender of assistance on the 
part of herself and of several other ladies of Washington, the proposi- 
tion being to assemble a loan collection which, it was expected, would 
lead to permanent contributions as has happened in connection with 
other museums. This offer was heartily accepted, but action was 
deferred until May, 1908, when, at an informal meeting called to 
discuss the question, a committee, wnth Mrs. Pinchot as chairman, 
was appointed to take charge of the work. Although only a few 
weeks then remained in the fiscal year covered by this report, the 
results accomplished during this time through the active efforts of 
the committee proved not only very satisfactory, but especially note- 
worthy as evincing the interest which the subject had aroused. Un- 
fortunately, there was no clear space available for the exhibition in 
either of the buildings, and it became necessary to make the installa- 
tion along one side and between the screens of the improvised picture 
gallery. This caused much crowding of the cases, of which 20 
were required, but the lighting was found to be excellent. The 
arrangement of the objects was attended to by the ladies of the com- 
mittee and others invited to assist. 

Inasnuich as the work is being continued during the current year 
and many additions and changes are expected to be made, a detailed 
account of the collection Avill be reserved for the next report. It may 
be said here, however, that the material brought together before the 
close of the year comprised over 500 pieces, many of them old. rare, 
and costly, and covered a very diversified field of European art craft. 
The manner of its presentation, though not systematic, which would 
have been difficult under the circumstances, has been attractive and 
effective, and there is no doubt that the result has been appreciated by 
the public. The subjects principally represented are laces, embroid- 
eries, fabrics, fans, china, miniatures, enamels, gold and silver ware, 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 23 

jewelry, ivory carving, and bookbindino-, besides which there are 
many miscellaneous articles of novel and exquisite workmanship. 
The contributors to the loan collection, numbering 17, were as follows: 
Mrs. Theodore Koosevelt, Miss Lydia Spencer Biddle, Mrs. James S. 
Bowdoin, Miss M. C. Codman, Mrs. Nicholas Fish, Mrs. James S. 
Harlan, Mrs. Elizabeth C. Hobson, Mrs. Julian James, Mrs. Richard 
G. Lay, Mrs. C. A. Oswell, Mrs. James W. Pinchot, Mrs. Charles W. 
Richardson, Mrs. Thomas F. Richardson, Mrs. G. M. Robeson. ]Mrs. 
F. W. Schley, Miss Olive Risley Seward, and the Misses Trai)ier. 

In addition to the above, acknowledgments are especially due to 
Mrs. Whitelaw Reid for the gift of a collar and pair of cult's of Ve- 
netian point lace of the latter part of the eighteenth century. 



SUMMARY OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE YEAR, 



APPROPRIATIONS. 

The appropriations made by Congress, in the sundry civil act, for 
the maintenance and activities of the National Museum during the 
year covered by this report, namely, from July 1, 1907, to June 30, 
1908, were as follows: 

Preservation of collections $190, 000 

Furniture and fixtures 20, 000 

Heating and lighting 18,000 

Building repairs 15, 000 

Books 2, 000 

Rent of workshops 4, 580 

Postage 500 

Printing and binding 33,000 

Total 283,080 

There was also appropriated in the same act, approved March 4, 
1907, the sum of $1,250,000 for completing the new building for the 
National Museum, being the balance of the amount, $3,500,000, named 
in the original act authorizing its erection. 

Following are the appropriations for the year ending June 30, 
1909: 

Preservation of collections $190,000 

Furniture and fixtures 50,000 

Heating and lighting 22,000 

Building repairs 15, 000 

Books 2, 000 

Rent of workshops 4,580 

Postage 500 

Printing and binding . 34, 000 

Total - 318, 080 

BUILDINGS. 

An account of the progress made on the new building in course 
of erection for the National Museum has been given on a previous 
page. Of the repairs made on the present buildings some were of 

25 



26 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1008. 

considerable importance, as follows: The old slate roofs over the 
south hall and the southeast and northwest courts of the Museum 
building were replaced with tin roofs of a superior quality, similar to 
those constructed over other parts of the same building during the 
two previous years. This work, completed on November 3, 1907, also 
included the substitution of new tin valleys for the old ones on the 
south and east sides of the northwest court and the north and east 
sides of the southeast court. Other exterior repairs consisted in re- 
newing worn-out flashings on the ranges and in repainting the roofs 
built the year before, besides attending to many minor matters per- 
taining to the roofs, walls, and windows. The only roof which now 
remains to be replaced is that over the central rotunda. 

In view of the expenditures in connection with the roofs, but little 
means were available for continuing the isolation of the exhibition 
halls as a measure against the spread of fire, as explained in former 
reports. Some progress, however, was made in this direction. The 
several window oj^enings between the northeast pavilion and the art 
gallery were completely closed with macite, and fireproof doors were 
substituted for the wooden ones, thus placing the latter hall in an 
exceptionally safe condition from this point of view. Macite parti- 
tions were also erected to a limited extent in a number of other places, 
where the requirements seemed most urgent. The western hall and 
adjoining range in the Smithsonian building, the walls of which had 
become much defaced, were partly repainted, 12 of the windows in the 
former were thoroughly repaired, and certain fireproof walls and 
doors were added in the basement, so as to completely shut in the 
alcoholic storage. 

Steam was first raised in the heating boilers on October 10, 1907, 
and was continued with little interruption until the 10th of May 
following. The fuel consumed amounted to 880 tons of coal and 52 
cords of wood. Some changes were made in a part of the conduits 
carrying the electric lighting wires in order to secure better insula- 
tion. This system, which now embraces about 28 miles of wire, with 
about 2,000 lam])s, 9 motors, and IGO fans for hot weather, together 
with the call box and fire alarm systems, was maintained in good 
condition. 

At the close of the year there were on hand 2,369 exhibition cases, 
2,461 storage cases, and 1,621 pieces of office and other furniture. 
Sixty-six of these were made during the year in the workshops of 
the Museum, 54 were purchased from contractors, and 24 obtained 
from expositions. Storage drawers to the number of 1,212 were also 
acquired. A number of old and worn-out pieces of furniture were 
condemned and sold. The experiments looking to the construction 
of fire])roof furniture for the new building, noted in the last report, 
were continued. 



REPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 27 

COLLECTIONS. 
DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY. 

The additions to this department were comprised in 317 accessions 
and amounted to 10,487 objects, of which over two-thirds belonged 
in the divisions of ethnology and prehistoric archeology. 

Ethnology. — The ethnological accessions exceeded the average of 
past years in both number and value. The most important one, 
presented by Dr. W. L. Abbott, consisted of about 600 specimens 
gathered in "West Borneo, south of the region explored the previous 
3^ear by this generous contributor. While mainly illustrative of the 
basket work of the region, it includes a large series of swords, dag- 
gers, knives, and blowguns, a number of objects of personal adorn- 
ment and others relating to religious beliefs. The Abbott collection 
is rapidly becoming one of the most notable of its kind in the world, 
in view both of its extent and diversity and of the care with which it 
has been assembled and labeled. Several noteworthy collections 
from the Philippine Islands were also received. A fine series of 
weapons, basketry, costumes, models, etc., was donated by Maj. 
George P. Ahern, U. S. Army, and many costumes, weapons, basketry, 
and domestic utensils from the Igorot and Ilocano of Luzon were 
contributed by Maj. E. A. Mearns, U. S. Army, in continuation of 
his former gifts. Capt. Jesse R. Harris, U. S. Army, presented h\ 
objects from the Moros of Mindanao, including household utensils, 
tools, weapons, and musical instruments, and Mr. W. E. Safford, of 
the Department of Agriculture, 42 examples of the weapons with 
which Spain in the eighteenth century armed the natives of Guam 
against attacks by pirates. The latter were made by a native ar- 
morer, descended from Philippine stock. Many stone and shell 
implements, pertaining to the extinct Chamorros of Guam, were 
obtained from Mr. L. H. T. Costenoble. Surg. H. C. Curl, U. S. 
Xavy, donated a small but excellent collection of Australian weapons 
and cult objects. A large number of oriental weapons, costumes, 
and other objects, obtained by United States Senator Albert J. Bev- 
eridge during his recent travels in the Far East, was secured as a 
loan for exhibition. The collection includes a series of Filipino and 
Moro weapons, Japanese swords, spears, and knives, Chinese hats, 
embroideries, and weapons, among the latter being a jade-handled 
dagger of exquisite form and w^orkmanship. Xoteworthy also is 
a huge votive sword of the Tokogawa shoguns. bearing inscriptions 
of Buddhist texts in Chinese and Sanskrit characters. It is nearly 
9 feet long and is constructed with all the skill in art for which the 
Japanese are famous. Another large loan collection of exceptional 
interest consists of several hundred examples of Japanese metal and 



28 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

other art work, assembled by Gen, Oliver Ellsworth AVood, U. S. 
Ami}', duriiifr a four years' official residence in Japan, includino- the 
period of the Russo-Japanese war, as United States military attache. 
It comprises superb brass vases, lanterns and candlesticks, lacquers, 
bronzes, screens, and wood carvings, a pair of costumed dolls 300 years 
old, and a fine series of over 50 teapots, oil and sake vessels. Special 
mention should be made of a pair of handsome bronze flower vases, 
a gift to the Smithsonian Institution by Mrs, Adeline Lanman. 
These vases, which are of chaste form and inlaid with several differ- 
ent metals, were presented by the Emperor of Japan in 1883 to 
Mr. Charles Lanman, American secretary of the Japanese legation 
at Washington, President Roosevelt added to his numerous contri- 
butions a splendid embroidered Arabian saddle cloth, 

Africa was represented in three accessions, Mr, J, D, JNIcGuire, 
collaborator in the Museum, presented an ancient Kongo war horn 
made of the tusk of an elephant. The Leipzig Museum of Ethnology 
sent in exchange 231 weapons, fetiches, implements, and costumes 
from the German j^ossessions, and Miss Louisiana Durant donated 
59 objects from the Kaffir tribes of South Africa, a people which has 
been but poorly represented in the National Museum. 

From the Museum of the Brooklyn Institute about 350 objects 
from cliff dwellings in the Canyon de Chelly and Canyon del Muerto, 
nortliAvestern Arizona, were obtained in exchange. This collection, 
consisting of sandals, cotton cloth, basketry, matting, and other tex- 
tiles, wooden implements, stone axes, mauls, grinding stones, etc, 
which had been preserved in the dust of the dwellings, is the largest 
Avhich the Museum has received from the region of the northern cliff 
dwellers, and will prove of great value for comparison with the 
material secured by the Museum-Gates expeditions in the southern 
cliff-dwelling district, Mrs, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, of the Bureau 
of American Ethnology, procured illustrations of the arts and in- 
dustries of the Taos Indians of New Mexico, and interesting speci- 
mens relating to the textile industry of the Zuni Indians of the same 
territory, Mr, George G. Heye, of New York, transmitted, in ex- 
change, 83 objects from the Iroquois tribes of New York and Canada, 
comprising masks, rattles, and other ceremonial objects, leggings, 
caps, brooches, mortars, pestles, bows and arrows, musical instru- 
ments, coins, and a fine wampum belt. A collection of 13 silver 
brooches, many of which were heirlooms, from the New York reser- 
vations of the same tribe, was purchased. Mr. J. D. McGuire con- 
tributed a sash of colored wool yarns interwoven with bead work, a 
production of the Creek Indians, probably 100 years old, 

A series of 212 objects illustrating the industrial and social life of 
the little-known Tahltan Indians, of the Stikine River, British Co- 
lumbia, gathered b}^ Lieut, G. T. Emmons, U. S. Navy, was received 



REPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 29 

through the Bureau of American Ethnology. A small but interest- 
ing collection from Mr. A. Bienkowski, of Panama, consists of masks 
and clothing worn in the ceremonial of Diabolitos practiced by 
the Veragua Indians. Five Indian paintings, executed by J. M. 
Stanley in the early part of the last century and formerly belonging 
to Prof. Joseph Henry, were presented by the Misses Henry. A 
number of laces, embroideries, and linens made prior to 1830 and 
handed down from the Plimpton family, were presented by Miss 
Mary Noyes. 

Among the models of inventions transferred from the Patent Office 
were many relating to fire making, heating, cooking, illumination, 
culture history, etc., which were temporarily assigned to this division. 

The ethnological groups and objects exhibited at the Jamestown 
and Bordeaux expositions were returned duringthe winter and spring. 
The routine work of caring for the collections went forward as in 
previous years. Many objects of metal were found to require special 
treatment for the removal of rust and the preservation of the surface, 
and it is now possible to say that the methods initiated a year ago to 
prevent the deterioration of ancient Pueblo pottery have proved bene- 
ficial. The group cases in the Catlin, Pueblo, and Eskimo exhibition 
halls were somewhat changed and rearranged, and the collection of 
jade implements and throAving sticks was installed in the Eskimo 
hall. The laces from Miss Mary Noyes, the Hindu objects sent by 
the Rajah of Tagore, and the collections of Mrs. A. C. Barney, 
Senator Beveridge, General Wood, and Major Ahern, were placed on 
exhibition in the west liall and gallery. The General Wood collec- 
tion occupies four cases in the middle aisle and is one of the most 
important received in recent years. The Abbott cases, in the gallery 
of the west hall, were reinstalled and a complete arrangement made 
of the Kensington cases, three of the latter being filled Avith art ob- 
jects from the Abbott-Dyak collection. The remainder of the Philip- 
pine collections was provided for in the gallery of the Pueblo court. 

The head curator of the department. Prof. O. T. Mason, made a 
detailed study of the Abbott collection of basket work from southern 
IMalaysia, in order to settle upon a definite nomenclature for the entire 
Malay region, including the Philippine Islands. There seems to be 
no limit to basket work in a region where so many adaptable species 
of bamboos, rattans, palms, and useful hard woods occur. The shapes, 
structural parts, and technic. while having some features in common 
with the basket work of America, are mostly of the region. One type 
called the " mad weave," anyam gila^ made of three sets of Pandanus 
stripes, forming rhombs, was minutely worked out. The demands 
for a carefully prepared vocabulary are the more imperative, since 
the great popularity of arts and crafts studies is bringing into use 
terms not hitherto known to basket makers either in England or 



30 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

America; and as much Avill be written about this industry In the near 
future it is very imjjortant for autliors to reach an agreement in this 
particuhir. To give each specimen its full value, the describer 
should furnish its native name and that of the tribe using it, the 
location, and the materials. The spelling of the words should be 
uniform and of good usage, so that the least possible confusion will 
arise. These subjects are discussed in a manuscript by Professor 
Mason, entitled : "" Vocabulary of Malaysian Basket Work," which 
has recently been sent to press. Another completed study by the same 
author on the Abbott collections embraces the trap series, using the 
term in its broadest sense. 

The results of a special research by Dr. Walter Hough, assistant 
curator of ethnology, on the material in the Museum relating to the 
pulque industry of Mexico w^ere published in the Proceedings. Doc- 
tor Hough also began a study of the blow^guns collected by Doctor 
Abbott in Malaysia, and of the comparative status of blowguns in 
other regions. 

Information on ethnological subjects was furnished to many appli- 
cants, and a number of persons visited the division for the purpose 
of studying its collections or its methods of work and installation. 
Data relative to Indian costumes were supplied to several artists, 
including Mr. Francis D. Millet, Mr. William Ordway Partridge, 
Mr. H. K. Bush-Brown, Mr. Francis P. Wightman, and Mr. E. V. 
Valentine. Miss M. E. Adams, of Pasadena, California, and Miss 
Mary Lois Kissell, of the American Museum of Natural History, 
worked on the basketry collection. Miss Candace Thurber, of New 
York, examined specimens of Indian quill work and embroidery with 
reference to technical processes and designs, and Miss INI. Kunckell, 
of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, studied the methods of arranging and 
labeling Indian photographs, paintings, and plates. Mr. H. J. Spin- 
den, of the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, made use of 
the material relating to the Nez Perce Indians, on which he is pre- 
paring a memoir for the American Anthropological Association. 
Prof. Emil Goeldi, of Bern, Switzerland, obtained information on 
the technic of horn, antler, and bone work among the American 
Indians, and Mr. George K. Holmes, of the Department of Agricul- 
ture, material for an article on Indian agriculture in this country 
before the advent of the whites. Dr. N. Gordon Munro, of Yoko- 
hama, an authority on the archeology of Japan, examined the col- 
lections from ancient Japanese sites. Mr. Joseph G. Kent, of the 
Land Office, was instructed as to the collection of data relative to 
the ancient ruins of the Hopi Indian Reservation in Arizona. Mr. 
Joseph B. Hingeley, of Minneapolis, made inquiries regarding the 
medicine charts of the Ojibwa, of which he has translated several, 
and he has now in course of preparation an article embodying the 



REPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 31 

Indian conception of their genealogy and migrations. Mr. E. H. 
TIaniniond, of the Bureau of Education of Manihi, examined the 
Philippine collection and furnished a large amount of data as to the 
materials and tribal origin of Philippine basketry. Dr. C. V. Hart- 
man, of the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburg, studied the installation 
and especially the arrangement of the synoptic series, with a view 
to introducing this feature in the new Technical Museum in Pitts- 
burg. Dr. George B. Gordon, of the Free Museum of Science and 
Art, Philadelphia, examined the Eskimo collection for material to 
incorporate in a report of recent explorations among these people. 
Information respecting the forms and materials of the Apache and 
Navaho Indian arrows, necessitating an interesting study, was fur- 
nished by request to the Department of Justice. 

In January the head curator lectured before the students of the 
Naval Medical School on the history of culture, with the special 
object of showing how, as medical officers, they might render im- 
portant service to the National Museum, Later he addressed the 
arts and crafts department of the George Washington University 
on the basket work of the Malaysian area. 

Prehistoric archeology. — The additions to this division comprised 
several of exceptional importance. The Bureau of American Eth- 
nology transmitted nearly 800 archeological specimens, being part of 
the results of joint explorations by the bureau and the Department 
of Archeolog}^ and Paleontology of the University of Pennsylvania 
at Key INIarco, Florida, in 1896, under the direction of Mr. Frank 
Hamilton Gushing. The collection is of great scientific importance, 
representing a people and a culture of which no knowledge had 
previously been obtained. The series of objects is more complete 
and more valuable than any similar one obtained from a single lo- 
cality or number of closely related sites north of Mexico, and throws 
much new light on the state of culture, the manner of life, and the 
industrial and artistic achievements of the Gulf coast tribes of pre- 
Columbian times. The entire collection was kept together until 1900, 
when it was separated into two nearly equal parts, one passing into 
the possession of the Bureau of Ethnology. A soapstone pot from 
Mecklenburg County, Virginia, and two grooved axes of clay iron- 
stone and a rubbing hammer stone obtained by Mr. Thomas J. Wilson 
near Hughes Springs, Cass County, Texas, were also received from 
the same bureau. 

Among the gifts were a silver image from ruins on an island in 
Lake Titicaca, Bolivia, in the well-known style of the Titicacan 
region, presented by Dr. T. S. K. Morton, of Philadelphia; and a 
series of flint implements from the Fayum desert, Egypt, and one 
of paleolithic quartzite implements, together with two stone hatchets, 
from the Pennaar River Valley, India, contributed by Mr. H. W. 
82065—09 3 



32 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908 



Seton-KaiT, of London, England. A carved stone image in the 
form of a standing figure with ehiborate headdress, 20^ inches high, 
from the ruins of ancient Tepoxthm, State of Morelos, Mexico, was 
lent by Mrs. Harriet L. Dowling, of Washington, and 4 collections, 
consisting mainly of prehistoric pottery, together with many shell 
and stone artifacts, were deposited by Mr. A. H. Blackiston, of Cum- 
berland, JMaryland. A cast of the largest known stone celt, found 
near Granite, Illinois, in 1906, was received in exchange from the 
Public Museum of JMilwaukee. Many plaster casts of prehistoric 
stone implements owned elsewhere were made in the Museum 
laboratory by Mr. H. W. Hendley. 

Comparatively few additions were made to the exhibition collec- 
tions, which occupy the large upper hall in the Smithsonian building, 
but the labeling and recording of the many specimens received during 
the year occupied much time. The classification and arrangement 
by subjects of the general collections, which are extensive and of 
great importance, Avere continued. Researches based on this material 
were chiefly carried on by Mr. William H. Holmes, curator of the 
division, and Dr. J. W. Fewkes, collaborator. Several persons not 
connected with the ]\Iuseum also made use of the collections. Among 
these were Mr. James C. Christie, of Glasgow, Scotland, who worked 
on material from the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America ; 
Dr. Arthur L. Mitchell, of Aurora, New York, who examined certain 
kinds of stone implements from the United States; and Mr. C. H. 
Gallup, curator of the Firelands Historical Museum, of Norwalk, 
Ohio, who studied the arts of the mound builders. The exchanges 
of specimens, though not unimportant, were limited in number and 
extent. 

The sundry civil act for 1908 provided for continuing the excava- 
tions at Casa Cirande ruin, in Arizona, under the direction of the 
Secretar}^ of the Smithsonian Institution, and for the protection and 
improvement of the Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, under the 
supervision of the Secretary of the Interior. Dr. J. AY. Fewkes, who 
conducted operations at both of these places, obtained a large and 
valuable collection, but at the end of the year it had not reached the 
Museum. 

Historic archeology. — Among the accessions in historic archeology' 
may be mentioned a gift from President Roosevelt of a brass model 
of the obelisk of Rameses II, the original of which stood in front of 
the temple of Luxor, but is now in the Place de la Concorde in Paris; 
some valuable inscribed pottery fragments from Egypt, presented 
by Mr. F. B. Kilmer ; and two wax impressions of a signet ring from 
Mr. Benjamin H. Boyadjian, of Turkey. This ring, which is en- 
graved with human busts so that the upper part represents a man''s 
face and the lower end the head of a boar, is interesting from both 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 33 

the mythological and art historical points of view. The exhibits of 
the division occupy two alcoves in the west hall of the Museum 
building facing the rotunda. The northwest alcove. contains mainly 
the antiquities of western Asia, namely, the Biblical, Palestinian, 
S3^rian, Assyro-Babylonian, and Persian, while the southwest alcove 
is occupied by the Egyptian and Hittite antiquities. During the 
year a special case with Egyptian antiquities was installed and speci- 
mens of Egyptian (Coptic) textiles were put on exhibition. Addi- 
tions were also made to the Bible collection. 

Historic religions. — Especially noteworthy among the accessions 
of the year were 21 objects of Jewish religious ceremonial, added by 
Dr. Ephraim Benguiat, of New York, to his important loan collec- 
tion which has been on exhibition for several years. They comprise 
2 finely embroidered synagogue veils, 2 silver-gilt breastplates of 
exquisite workmanship, a silver and brass Hanukah lamp of artistic 
design, a quaint brass spice holder, composed of 5 pear-shaped com- 
l^artments surmounted by lions, and 8 framed pictures illustrating 
the story of Joseph worked in embroidery. Dr. Cyrus Adler, curator 
of the division, presented a pair of phylacteries from Jerusalem, and 
Miss Eliza R. Scidmore, of Washington, a model of the church at 
Borgund, Norway. 

The exhibition collections illustrating the historic religions are 
mainly installed on the south gallery of the west hall, in the follow- 
ing order: Judaism in six wall cases and two Kensington cases, Mo- 
hammedanism in two wall cases and one special case, Christianity 
in four wall cases and two special cases, Brahmanism in two wall 
cases and one special case, Buddhism in five wall cases and one special 
case, Shintoism in one wall case, other Eastern religious objects in 
one wall case, and Parseeism in one special case. Three Kensington 
cases contain, respectively, collections of amulets and rosaries and a 
Korean sorcerer's outfit. The S. S. Howdand collection of Buddhist 
religious art in two large cases and colossal statues of Buddha and 
Vishnu are placed in the rotunda. Objects of the several sections, 
which for lack of space can not be exhibited at present, such as photo- 
graphs, prints, etc., are contained in drawers. The Jewish section 
was partly, and the Christian section entirely, rearranged and labeled. 
A case of Buddhist rosaries and a statuette of Confucius were added. 

A manuscript entitled: The Collection of Jewish Ceremonial Ob- 
jects in the United States National Museum, containing descriptions 
of the objects, with photographic illustrations, was completed by 
Doctor Adler and Doctor Casanowicz. A study of the collection of 
rosaries by Doctor Casanowicz is in progress. 

Physical anthroj)ology. — The more important acquisitions by this 
division consisted of a large collection of skeletal parts, received in 
exchange from Prof. George S. Huntington, of the College of Phy- 



34 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

sicians and Surgeons, New York; 2 series of the brains of an- 
thropoid apes and of monkeys, 1 from West Borneo the other from 
Sumatra, donated by Dr. "W, L. Abbott; 54 specimens, the gift of 
Prof. F. P. Mall, of Johns Hopkins University; 10 well-preserved 
skulls from mounds along the Arkansas River, including 1 example 
of a rare anomaly and several of the flathead deformation, presented 
by Mr. Clarence B. Moore, of Philadelphia ; 3 Eskimo skeletons, ob- 
tained on the Smithsonian expedition to Alaska under Mv. C. W. 
Gilmore; 7 brains and 19 skeletons from various medical schools; 
5 Indian skulls and other bones from Casa Grande ruin, Arizona, 
collected by Dr. J. W. Fewkes; and 2 Filipino skulls, 9 brains, and 
15 heads of monkeys, contributed by Dr. Robert Bennett Bean, of 
the Philippine Medical School, Manila. The gift by Mr. J. G. Craw- 
ford, of Albany, Oregon, of a skull with a remarkably low fore- 
head, and a collection of human bones, including another skull with 
low forehead, made by Mr. Gerard Fowke and transmitted by the 
Bureau of American Ethnology, are likewise deserving of mention. 
There were also added to the collection 26 life masks of Indians, 19 
of which were made by the assistant curator with the aid of Mr. 
H. W. Hendley, at the Jamestown Exposition, and 5 busts, prepared 
from these molds. The Bureau of American Ethnology suj^plied 
other valuable material besides that above mentioned, and through 
its aid a number of Indians were sent to the Museum for measuring 
and the taking of masks. 

In the preservation and installation of specimens the work of the 
division is entirely up-to-date. A series of skulls with various stages 
of a proatlas and fusion of the atlas with the skull has been arranged 
in the laboratory and proves of much interest to visiting physicians 
as well as anthropologists. The exhibits consist of 32 Indian busts, 
placed in the Catlin Hall, and of such groups of specimens as can 
conveniently be shown in the laboratory cases. The latter comprise 
several collections of crania of special interest, racial pelvises, cranial 
and dental anomalies; brains, human and comparative; fossilized 
human bones, with examples of low-developed recent crania, and 
casts of the European geologically ancient skulls; skulls showing 
teeth filing and carving, painting and tattooing; examples of ancient 
American trephining, and skulls showing types and individual varia- 
tions of artificial deformations. 

The scientific work of the division by Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, assistant 
curator in charge, has been mainly a continuation of that of the previ- 
ous year, relating especially to the humerus, which is now nearing 
completion. His paper on skeletal remains and that entitled 
Physiological and medical observations among the Indians of the 
Southwest and northern Mexico will soon be issued as bulletins of 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 35 

the Bureau of American Ethnology. Descriptions of two especially 
interesting skulls, recently received, are in course of publication in 
the Proceedings of the Museum. A report was furnished to Mr. Clar- 
ence B. Moore on the collection of crania which he donated to the 
Museum, for incorporation in his memoir, and a revision, with addi- 
tions, of the paper on Brain "Weight in Vertebrates, has been under- 
taken. Finally, several minor reports and a presidential address be- 
fore the Anthropological Society of Washington by Doctor Hrdlicka 
were based upon his Museum investigations, and he also rendered aid 
in the preparation of the second volume of the Handbook of Indians 
for the Bureau of American Ethnology. 

In connection with his researches, as well as for the purpose of 
securing additions to the collections. Doctor Hrdlicka was detailed to 
the Jamestown Exposition, where, with the assistance of Mr. Hendley, 
he measured and made casts of 2 Eskimo, 2 Panama Indians, and 15 
Oglala Sioux. He was in New York in October to arrange for obtain- 
ing examples of such ancient human remains as might ]be discovered 
in the course of the excavations in Egypt by the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art, which has generously tendered its cooperation in the matter, 
although involving extra labor and expense on its part. Subse- 
quently, in com^Dany with Dr. J. E. Benedict, he visited Ward's Nat- 
ural Science Establishment in Rochester, the College of Ph3'^sicians 
and Surgeons, the American Museum of Natural History, the Rocke- 
feller Pathological Institute, the Museum of the Brooklyn Institute, 
and the Wistar Institute of Anatomy, for the purpose of ascertaining 
the more recent improvements in methods of j^reparing skeletons. 

Technologjj. — The additions in technology were exceptionally nu- 
merous and valuable. Of greatest importance were many models and 
some full-sized examples of interesting inventions transferred fi*(b'm 
the Patent Office. The latter include a large number of pistols, 
revolvers, carbines, rifles, etc., illustrating noteworthy devices which 
have developed into special systems of firearms now extensively used 
for military and other purposes. Among these are the Hotchkiss and 
Krag-Jorgensen magazine rifles, Winchester tubular magazine guns, 
North guns and pistols, many of which were made for the United 
States Army in the early part of the last century ; the Sharps, Joslyn, 
Lawrence, Jenks, Spencer, Majaiard, Merrill, Burnside, Lindner, 
Burton, Berdan, and other breech-loading guns. The early founda- 
tion inventions, on which the Colt and the Smith & Wesson sys- 
tems of revolvers are based, are also represented. Some of the other 
subjects to which the models relate are printing presses, sewing ma- 
chines, typewriters, electrical inventions, telegraph repeaters, time 
bank locks, looms, spinning and knitting machinery, etc. The col- 
lection of steam machinery models is very important, including sev- 
eral by John Ericsson, who is also represented by his inventions in 



36 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

gunnery and other classes. Amono; the models of locomotives are 
those showing the inventions of Asa Whitney, 1840; JNI. AV. Baldwin, 
1842 ; G. A. Nieholls, 1848 ; A. Cathcart, 1849 ; and Eoss Winans, 1851. 
Several inventions of George H. Corliss and William Sellers are like- 
wise illustrated. 

Another notable accession, deposited b}?^ Dr. Alexander Graham 
Bell, consists of about 150 pieces of apparatus devised and used by 
him in his earliest experiments to produce n practical speaking tele- 
phone, which resulted in the establishment of the present system of 
the American Bell Telephone Company, now in general use through- 
out the world. The U. S. Geological Survey transferred an important 
collection of typical instruments and appliances such as have been em- 
ployed by the survey, comprising a number of gradienters, alidadse, 
alt-azimuth instruments, aneroid barometers, heliotropes, leveling 
rods, odometers of different forms, two aluminum bench-mark tablets, 
and ten pieces of ajoparatus used in the water resource branch of the 
service, principally for measuring the flow and velocity of streams. 

Col. A. H. Eussell, U. S. Army, deposited a number of experimental 
magazine rifles illustrating his inventions, which form the basis of the 
magazine rifles now in use in the United States Army, together with 
a number of bronze Spanish mortars and small cannon collected by 
him in the Philippine Islands. From the Bureau of Ordnance, War 
Department, there were received three of the latest, or 190G, pattern 
of army magazine rifles, one United States magazine rifle of the 
model of 1903, with bayonet, complete, and the component parts of a 
similar rifle arranged separatelj^ to show the construction and oper- 
ation of this arm. Among the other accessions were 2 p]nglish tower 
flint-lock pistols with brass barrels and bell muzzles of superior work- 
manship, lent by Mr. Richard Rathbun; 2 boxes of percussion pills, 
introduced about 1840 and extensively used between the time of the 
flint-lock and percussion-lock guns, obtained from Davis Brothers, 
Kent, Ohio; the engine used in Professor Langlej^'s full-size aero- 
drome, deposited by the Smithsonian Institution; 6 models of Jap- 
anese fishing boats, transferred by the Bureau of Fisheries; a model 
of a canvas canoe of the type now in general use, presented by the 
Oldtown Canoe Company, Oldtown, Maine; an old bicycle with 
wooden wheels, contributed by INIr. C. Howard Buckler, of Washing- 
ton ; an old iron-frame bicycle, donated by Mr. William Sturgis Bige- 
low, of Boston; an old grasshopper bicycle, about 1875 to 1880, pre- 
sented by JNIr. Thomas M. Wilkins, of Washington; a Pomo Indian 
Tule boat, a survival of the ancient form, made in 1906 by an old 
Pomo Indian, from the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences; 
models of Robert Fulton's steamship Clermont and Fitch's steamboat, 
by transfer from the State Department ; two Starr carbines, duplicate 
models of the steamboats Savannah and Phoenix, and models of a 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908, 37 

primitive American sledge and a farm sled, from the Jamestown Ex- 
position ; and part of a self-registering Avind vane, devised and used 
by Prof. James H, Coffin, at Ogdensburg, N. Y., in 1837, donated by 
Prof, Selden J, Coffin, of Easton, Pa, 

Ceramics. — Owing to lack of space, the gallery assigned to the sub- 
ject of ceramics has also been used for objects of several other classes, 
such as metal and glass work, lacquers, etc, which it has been custo- 
mary to mention under the same heading. Miss E, R. Scidmore made 
a large addition to her loan collection already on exhibition. It con- 
sisted of 92 pieces of valuable porcelains, together with some bronze, 
jade, and lacquer objects, and has been installed in a large wall case 
on the south side of the gallery. The Korean pottery cases and the 
Olive Risley Seward collection were rearranged and more completely 
labeled. Lacking the services of an expert during the past year, but 
little work was done in the division beyond attending to the safety of 
the collections and the arrangement of such material as was received. 

Grajphic arts. — Noteworthy among the additions to the photo- 
grajihic section w^as a large platinum portrait of Joseph Henry, 
the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, presented by 
Mr. F. Gutekunst, of Philadelphia. The transfers from the Patent 
Office included a daguerreotype camera of 1851, two stereoscopic 
daguerreotype cameras of IS.")!, a series of mechanical devices for 
cleaning and burnishing daguerreotype plates which is probably 
unequaled elsewhere, and numerous other objects illustrating the 
history of photography. While the collections of the division have 
been maintained in good condition, the exhibition series has been 
rendered practically inaccessible by the overcrowding of the hall, 
and many objects have had to be withdrawn and temporarily placed 
in storage. Tools and materials belonging in the division were 
occasionally used for teaching purposes. A synoptical exhibit from 
the section of photography was sent to the Jamestown Exposition. 
It represented the more important epochs in the development of 
photography, beginning with the first permanent photograph made 
in any part of the world and the first camera constructed in the 
United States. 

Mnsicdl insfninients. — An interesting addition to the collection 
of musical instruments consisted of an example of the old melopeon 
(harmonium), at one time manufactured by John W. Scott at Cadiz, 
Ohio, well illustrating the early free reed keyboard instruments. 
It was presented by the heirs of Mr. Scott through his daughter, 
Mrs. G. W. Woodborne, of Uhrichsville, Ohio. Miss Delia Curtis, of 
Windsor, Ontario, contributed an old melodeon with folding legs, 
revealing the mechanism of instruments of this type. Thirteen 
musical instruments, donated by Dr. William L. Abbott, are of 
particular value as opening a new field of study, since they were 



38 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

mostly collected among the wild tribes of the Malay Islands. The 
descriptive catalogue of the instruments belonging to the Museum 
has been continued by Mr. E. H. Hawley, who is also engaged in 
preparing a list of the musical instruments of all countries. No 
changes were made in the public installation. In addition to the 
developmental exhibits in the north hall, some progress was made 
in assembling those instruments which are used by the national bands 
of different peoples. 

Medicine. — One of the most important accessions of the year was 
a large collection of Chinese drugs, sent as a gift by Dr. N. Gist Gee, 
of Soochow ITniversity, China. There should also be mentioned a 
case of d-ental instruments, containing 218 articles, made and used 
by Dr. Edward Maynard, one of the eminent early dentists of this 
country, and deposited in 1907 by Dr. George W. Maynard, of New 
York, The collection specially prepared for the Jamestown Exposi- 
tion by the curator. Dr. James M. Flint, U. S. Navy, was incorpo- 
rated with the exhibits in the Museum on its return to Washington. 
Its most notable feature was an historical series of portraits of dis- 
tinguished physicians. Steps have been taken to j^lace this important 
division on a broader and more practical basis as soon as the neces- 
sary space becomes available through the completion of the new 
building. 

History. — The number of permanent accessions received by this 
division was 36, and of temporary accessions 16, comprising 891 
objects. Foremost among the additions was the flag which floated 
over Fort McHenry, Baltimore, during the bombardment by the 
British fleet on the night of September 13-14, 181-4, and made 
famous as The Star-Spangled Banner by the verses of Francis 
Scott Key, an eyewitness of the gallant fight. The flag, retained 
by Col. George Armistead, the commander of the fort, descended 
to his grandson, Mr. Eben Appleton, of New^ York, who has most 
generously allowed it to be exhibited to the public in the National 
Museum. This notable relic is so tattered and torn that it has been 
necessary to protect it with a backing of canvas. It measures 32 
feet 10 inches in length and 27 feet 6 inches in width. 

A collection of 175 specimens of Lowestoft china and cut glass 
used at Mount Vernon by General and Mrs. Washington was de- 
posited by Miss Nannie E. Heth, of Washington. Through bequest, 
the late Henry R. Magruder, of Baltimore, left to the Smithsonian 
Institution a number of historical and other objects, including a 
beautiful gold-mounted sword and silver pitcher presented to his 
father, Lieut. Col. J. Bankhead Magruder, by citizens of Virginia 
and Maryland. The late Stephen Decatur Smith, of Philadelphia, 
bequeathed to the Museum a plain gold ring of unusual interest, since 
it had been given by Eichard Somers to Stephen Decatur just before 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 39 

the former met his heroic death on the Intrepid in the war ^Yith 
Tripoli, in 1804. A pistol and 9 military commissions were added 
to the collection of Gen. George W. Morgan, U. S. Army, by his 
AvidoAV, now residing at Zanesville, Ohio, and a marble top table 
which had belonged to Thomas JeH'erson was received as a gift from 
Mrs. Frederic C. Brinton, of West Chester, Pennsylvania. Several 
relics of the Sutton family of Virginia were donated by Mrs. Minnie 
J. Elliott, of Washington, and Mr. William R. Hawkins, "of Eden, 
Arizona, presented the life-preserver worn by the late Maj. J. W. 
Powell during his first and most notable exploration of the Green 
and Colorado rivers and their great canyons. The Field Museum 
of Natural History, Chicago, contributed 18 pieces of Arctic cloth- 
ing and other articles used by members of the Greely Relief Expe- 
dition. The Rev. J. L. and Mr. Leon L. L. French, of Washington, 
deposited a large collection of historical relics, relating mainly to 
the civil war. The National Society, Colonial Dames of America, 
added 50 objects to its collection and the National Society, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, also increased its deposit. A chair from 
Morro Castle and an Indian beaded cane, relics of the late Sergt. 
Hamilton Fish of the Rough Riders, who was killed in Cuba, were 
presented by Mrs. Nicholas Fish, of Washington. From the govern- 
ment exhibits at the Jamestown and Bordeaux expositions a large 
number of photographs, photographic enlargements, and other his- 
torical material were received. 

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY. 

Accessions of greater or less extent were receiA'ed from the custom- 
ary government sources, such as the Bureau of Fisheries, the Bu- 
reau of Plant Industry, the Bureau of Entomology', the Biological 
Survey, and the Forest Service, as explained further on. Among 
private contributors Dr. W. L. Abbott and Maj. E. A. Meariis, U. S. 
Army, stand foremost, the former having presented several hundred 
mammals, birds, and reptiles, mainly from Siak River, Sumatra, and 
southwestern Borneo; the latter, over 1,000 bird skins, about 250 
specimens of bats and other mammals, and many land shells, from 
the Philippines. Both of these collections contain a large number 
of new species and some new genera. 

This department has also been more or less benefited by recent ex- 
plorations of the Leland Stanford Junior University in Japan, the 
Philippine Islands, the Fiji Islands, California, and Mexico; of M. de 
Rothschild's expedition to East Africa ; of the Egyptian Government 
in the Nile Valley ; of Charcot in the Antarctic region ; of Prof. J. Fid 
Tristan and Dr. A. Alfaro in Costa Rica ; of Dr. S. E. Meek at Lake 
Amatitlan, Guatemala ; of Mr. William Schaus in Central America ; 



40 KEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

of Dr. J. C. Thompson, U. S. Navy, aiiiono; the Tortiigas Islands; of 
the Gulf Biological Station about Cameron, Louisiana ; of Dr. Glover 
M. Allen in eastern Labrador ; and of Mr. Owen Bryant and Dr. W. T. 
Grenfell in Newfoundland. Dr. C. G. Abbot, Director of the Smith- 
sonian Astrophysical Observatory, made a small but valuable collec- 
tion of marine animals at Flint Island, near Tahiti, while engaged 
in preparations for observing the solar eclipse of Januaiy 3, 1908. 
Acknowledgments are also due to Dr. Holton C. Curl, U. S. Navy, 
for his active cooperation in interesting persons in authority to secure 
material from the Philippine Islands and elsewhere. 

Important researches Avere carried on by the members of the scien- 
tific staff as a basis for the classification of the collections, and the 
publications of the year were especially extensive and valuable. But 
few sets of specimens were distributed to educational institutions, as 
little opportunity was found for the separation of duplicates and 
their labeling and packing for this purjiose. The exchanges were also 
limited for the same reason, consisting mainly of insects, fishes, and 
marine invertebrates. The number of specimens sent to specialists 
outside of Washington for study and description was very large. 

Mammals. — The extensive collections from Doctor Abbott and 
Doctor Mearns have been referred to above. Noteworthy among the 
other additions is a fine specimen of the rare Chinese antelope known 
as the Takin (Budoreas), presented by Mr. Mason Mitchell, Amer- 
ican consul at Chungking. It is ])robably the only complete skin in 
America. Dr. J. C. Le Hardy, U. S. Army, contributed a skin of the 
Tamarao or dwarf wild carabao of the Philippine Islands, the first 
of this rare species to reach the Muspum. The head and horns of a 
specimen of the large feral or wild carabao w^ere presented by Col. 
E. B. Babbitt, U. S. Army, through Capt. Frank R. McCoy,' U. S. 
Army. From the National Zoological Park 186 animals, chiefly 
mammals, were received, including many large and important forms, 
such as the mule deer, pronghorn, Duvaucel's deer, spring buck, lion, 
2)uma, Alaska grizzly bear, black bear, California sea lion, Steller's 
sea lion, moufflon, zebu, and gray kangaroo. A series of 1G() antlers 
and 2f) scalps of the American elk from the Jackson Hole region, 
western Wyoming, was transmitted through the Department of Jus- 
tice. The antlers are of unusual size and together probably consti- 
tute the largest collection from one locality to be found in any 
museum. They are especially valuable for the study of individual 
variation in this species of deer. A skeleton of the porpoise known 
as Steno rostratus was purchased. Although skulls of porpoises of 
this genus are common in the larger museums, only a very few skele- 
tons have been preserved. 

In continuation of work done last year, all the skins of insectivores, 
squirrels, chipmunks, ground squirrels, flying squirrels. Old World 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 41 

porcupines, and South American octodont rats, as well as the squirrel 
skulls and bat skeletons, were rearranged, and the cases and trays 
containing them furnished with typcAvritten labels. Considerable 
attention was given to the large and mediiun-sized skulls, and the 
alcoholic series, especially the large collection of bats, was much im- 
proved in arrangement and labeling. Some 3,200 skulls, chiefly large 
ones, were cleaned ; about 100 large skins were tanned and folded, and 
38 smaller ones made over. 

A practically complete skeleton of the very rare Baird's beaked 
whale, Berardius Itah'dii, from California, about 40 feet long, was 
mounted for the osteological hall. It is probably the only one of its 
kind exhibited in any museum, and this and another received from 
the Pribilof Islands represent the largest beaked Avhales thus far 
recorded. A Kashmir stag was added to the series representing large 
game, and 9 small mammals were incorporated in the general ex- 
hibition series. It was found necessarj'^ to replace the floor in the 
large wall case on the east side of the south hall, requiring the tem- 
l^orary removal of all the specimens, which were overhauled and 
renovated. 

Dr. F. W. True, head curator of the department, and three assist- 
ants made several visits to the Calvert Cliffs, Maryland, in search 
of fossil cetaceans, of which they obtained a large amount of material, 
including a nearly complete skeleton of a fossil porpoise, discovered 
by Mr. AVilliam Palmer. Doctor True continued his investigations 
on the recent North American forms belonging to this group, pre- 
paring papers on some of the species, on the Zeuglodont genus Doru- 
don and on the classification of the Cetacea. He has also about com- 
pleted a majRiscript treating of the recent beaked whales. Dr. M. W. 
Lyon, jr., assistant curator, prepared two papers, one on the horns 
and systematic position of the American antelope, the other on the 
mammals collected by Doctor Abbott along the east coast of Sumatra, 
the latter containing descriptions of 13 new forms. He also began 
work on Doctor Abbott's latest collection from the Rhio-Linga Archi- 
pelago, and southwestern Borneo and nearby islands. A list of the 
type specimens of mammals preserved in the Museum, including 
those in the collection of the Biological Survey, was compiled for 
publication jointly by Doctor Lyon, Mr. "\V. H. Osgood, and Doctor 
True. 

To Dr. E. A. Mearns, who has begun studies preliminary to a 
manual of the mammals of the Philippine Islands, was sent a number 
of fruit bats, and sj^ecimens of the Almiqui {Solenodon) were lent to 
Dr. J. A. Allen, of the American Museum of Natural History, who is 
working up the Haitian species. Many European mammals were 
forwarded to Mr. Gerrit S. Miller, jr., who is now at the British 
Museum, preparing a general work on the European fauna, and some 



42 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

bats and other small mammals were supiDlied to Mr. Oldfield Thomas 
and Mr. Kimd Andersen, of the same museum. Dr. Glover M. Allen 
examined specimens of South American bats, and Dr. H. D. Reed 
borrowed a number of specimens for use in the preparation of a 
list of species occurring in the vicinity of Ithaca, New York. Mr. W. 
K. Gregory, of Columbia University, New York, spent several days 
at the Museum studying the skulls and teeth of insectivores from an 
evolutionary standpoint ; Mr. E. E. Heller, of the University of Cali- 
fornia, examined types of mammals of northwestern America; and 
Mr. J. T. Nichols, of the American Museum of Natural History, 
devoted some time to making comparisons of porpoise skulls. As in 
23revious years, the naturalists of the Biological Survey made exten- 
sive use of the collections. 

Birds. — Doctor Abbott and Doctor Mearns, as previously explained, 
were among the principal contributors of bird skins. Mr. Robert 
Ridgway, curator of the division, was in Costa Rica from January 
to May, 1908, on the invitation of Mr. Jose C. Zeledon, a zealous 
friend of the Museum, who most generously paid the expenses of the 
field work, besides personally supervising its details and employing 
a ^professional taxidermist. The principal object of Mr. Ridgway "s 
trip was to collect information and specimens for use in the prepara- 
tion of his manual on the Birds of North and Middle America, now 
in course of publication by the Museum. He brought back with him 
about 1,600 specimens. 

Costa Rican birds to the number of 154, including topotypes of 
recently described species, were also obtained from Mr. Outram Bangs, 
of Boston, parth^ by gift and ]:)artly by exchange. The late Mrs. 
P. L. Jouy presented about 500 birds, chiefly North American, which 
had been collected by her husband ; Corpl. Robert A. Schroder, U. S. 
Army, contributed 45 specimens, including the type of a new sub- 
species of fantail flycatcher, from Mount Malindang, Mindanao 
Island; Maj. John R. A^liite, a number of sj)ecimens from Palawan; 
and Mr. Owen Bryant, of Cohasset, Mass., a collection of 48 New- 
foundland birds, containing two skins of a recently described wood- 
pecker. Twenty-five specimens from southeastern Europe, Morocco, 
etc., were donated bv Mr. J. H. Riley, of the Museum; and 9 speci- 
mens from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand, were obtained in 
exchange from Mr. J. H. Fleming, of Toronto, Canada. Among the 
latter were examples of several sjDecies which have become rare. Mr. 
E. J. Court, of Washington, j)resented the type specimen of the 
heron, Ardea herodias treganzce. 

The important task of relabeling the stud}^ collection of bird skins 
progressed satisfactorily, covering the contents of 71 quarter-unit 
and 19 half-unit cases. This Avork is now complete for al)out three- 
sevenths of the collection. New written labels were supplied for the 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 43 

petrels, ducks, geese, shore birds, auks, jaegers, skimmers, and terns. 
All the specimens received during the year, including over 1,100 
Philippine birds presented by Doctor Mearns, wei'c also furnished 
with standard labels. Seventy storage cases Avere marked Avith type- 
written labels, giving their contents by families and genera, and also 
noting the genera not in the Museum collection. Many imperfectly 
prepared or damaged specimens of value were made over by the 
taxidermist, but only a few minor changes were made in the exhibi- 
tion series. 

Mr. Ridgwaj^ continued the preparation of the fifth part of the 
manual of North American birds, giving special attention to the 
humming birds and woodpeckers. Dr. C. W. Richmond completed 
a supplement to Waterhouse's index of genera of birds, bringing the 
subject down from 1901 to 1905, and also added over 3,000 cards 
to the catalogue of genera and species of birds, on which he has been 
at work for some time. Mr. Riley, besides assisting Mr. Ridgway, 
contributed a paper on the West Indian forms of the hawk, Buteo 
platypterus. AVork on Doctor Abbott's collection of INIalayan birds 
was continued by Mr. H. S. Oberholser, of the Biological Survey, 
who also prepared a paper on the kingfishers of the genus PeJargopsis. 
based chiefly on Museum material. Bird skins to the number of 368 
were lent for study to 8 ornithologists. 

Reptiles and hatrachians. — Dr. V. Brazil, director of the Instituto 
Serumtherapico do Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil, transmitted in ex- 
change 13 specimens of snakes, representing 8 species, of which 7 
are poisonous. They came from Butautan, and include one recently- 
described form. An excellent collection of 40 salamanders from 
North Carolina was purchased. Prof. J. Grinnell, of Pasadena, 
California, presented a large series of the rare California lizard, 
Xantusia vigilis; and Mr. W. T. Davis, of New Brighton, New York, 
specimens of the two rare frogs, Hyla andersoni and Rana virgatipes, 
from Lakehurst, New Jersey. 

Doctor Stejneger's extensive treatise on the reptiles of Japan and 
the neighboring mainland of Asia, based chiefly on Museum material, 
was completed and published early in the year. He later continued 
the study of the reptiles of the Philippine Islands, describing several 
new species, and conducted investigations regarding the geographical 
distribution of Asiatic and North American species and the origin 
of the reptilian fauna of Japan. He also spent some time on a 
revision of certain North and Central American genera of snakes and 
batrachians. 

Fishes. — The Eg^qDtian Government, at the suggestion of Dr. G. A. 
Boulenger, of the British Museum, presented through its minister 
of education an excellent collection of fishes from the River Nile. 
Numerous types and cotypes of new species from Japan, the Philip- 



44 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



pine Islands, and other localities, descriptions of which have been 
published in the Proceedings of the Museum, were received from 
Stanford University. Mr. A, Alfaro, director of the National 
Museum of Costa Eica, donated some 40 specimens from Costa Kica, 
and Dr. J. C. Thompson, U. S. Navy, a fine lot of si:)ecimens from the 
Tortugas Islands. The Bureau of P'isheries transmitted a large and 
choice collection from Maine, Alaska, and elsewhere, including tyi:)es 
and cotypes of new species. A collection of Formosan fishes was 
purchased. 

The number of fishes catalogued during the year was about 20,000, 
the receipts from the Bureau of Fisheries alone amounting to many 
thousands. A large proportion of the specimens was transferred to 
jars and labeled, the type specimens, marked with the customary'' 
red labels, being added to the type series. The specimens stored in 
tanks were overhauled, the duplicates separated out and new lists 
of the contents prepared. Good progress was made with the card 
catalogues of both the type and regular reserve series. Mr. B. A. 
Bean, the assistant curator, continued his study of the fishes of Flor- 
ida, the large collection from that region being brought together for 
this purpose. A considerable number of species was added to the 
faunal list, and some apparently undescribecl species were detected. 
Mr. Bean also spent some time in working up a collection of Costa 
Rican fishes. 

Insects. — The number of insects received during the year amounted 
to about .53,000, of which the U. S. Department of Agriculture 
transmitted 600 European parasitic Hymenoptera identified by Mr. 
O. Schmiedeknecht ; about 1,150 named Coleoptera from Europe and 
Java obtained from Mr. A. L. Montandon; about 4,200 Lepidoptera, 
700 mosquitoes, and 3,000 miscellaneous insects collected by Mr. F. 
Knab ; about 2,000 mosquitoes and 4.000 miscellaneous insects secured 
in Panama by Mr. A. Busck, and about 4,000 Hymenoptera collected 
near Washington, District of Columbia, by Mr. H. H. Smith. 
Among the other accessions one of the most important consisted of 
about 4,770 identified Coleoptera and 750 Hemiptera and Hymenop- 
tera, presented by Mr. F. D. Goclman, of London, being a part of the 
material gathered for the j^ublication Biologia Centrali-Americana. 
Mr. William Schaws added to his previous large donations about 
8.200 Lepidoptera. chiefl}' from Costa Rica. A collection of 275 
mosquitoes, including several new species from Panama, was con- 
tributed by Mr. A. H. Jennings of Ancon, Canal Zone. The Wash- 
ington Biologists' Field Club presented about 800 specimens from 
Plummer's Island, INIaryland. 

General work on the collection of insects was mainly confined to 
the Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. a large number of the former and 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 45 

some of the latter, together with a few specimens of other orders, 
being transferred to the permanent drawers recently furnished. 

The exhibition of insects in the west range of the Smithsonian 
building was practically completed as far as the available space 
permitted. During the year the old exhibits of termites and their 
work and of the Rocky jNIountain locust were renovated and replaced 
in the series, new specimens being added to the former and new labels 
prepared. An illustration of the work of hymenopterous insects was 
also begun. A display of local insects, consisting of about 1,000 
species of Coleoptera, Orthoptera, and Odonata, contained in 7 unit 
boxes, forms the beginning of a series intended to cover all orders. 
Many butterflies and other insects have been collected for this series 
and will be installed later. Two additional unit boxes contain dragon 
flies from Japan and beetles from Africa. A series of especially 
injurious insects was projected, but only the boll weevil and the gipsy 
moth, together with some 30 species of mosquitoes, including those 
causing yellow fever and malaria, were placed on exhibition. Con- 
siderable work was done on the series representing mimicry, etc. 

Dr. L. O. Howard, Dr. H. G. Dyar, and Mr. Frederick Knab con- 
tinued Avork on a monograph of the mosquitoes of North and Central 
America and the West Indies, which was the principal investigation 
of the year. About 8,700 insects were lent to entomologists in the 
United States and Europe for study and identification. The entire 
collection of bumblebees and Psithyridae was placed in the hands of 
Mr. H. J. Franklin, of Amherst College, for monographing. Speci- 
mens of beetles of the subfamily Aleocharinse to the number of about 
2,500 were sent to Dr. A. Fenyes, of Pasadena, California, who has 
otfered to identify the named species and determine the others ge- 
nerically, and later he will probably describe the new forms. Prof. 
H. C. Fall, also of Pasadena, received several hundred beetles of the 
genus Diplotaxis of which he is preparing a memoir; and Mr. G. C. 
Champion, of London, England, a large number of North and Central 
American weevils of the family Barididae, for examination in connec- 
tion with his work on the Biologia Centrali-Americana. About 2,000 
specimens of Tineid moths were taken to England by Mr. August 
Busck, for comparison with collections in that country. 

Mollusl's. — Besides the material elsewhere referred to, there were 
acquired b}^ exchange about 330 species of Philippine land shells 
from the MollendorlF and Quadras collections. Of the 1,500 species 
known from these islands, the Museum has now authentically-named 
specimens of about 1,330 species. Some 280 species of land shells 
from Madeira, the Canaries, and other Atlantic islands, including 
cotypes of species described by Lowe and Wollaston, and type speci- 
mens of 20 Mexican and Central and South American species de- 
scribed by Preston, were obtained by purchase. Mr. Charles Hedley 



46 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908 



of the Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, sent a collec- 
tion of Australian species, and Mr. Henry Suter, of Auckland, New 
Zealand, one of New Zealand species, both consisting largel}' of co- 
types. An excellent lot of land shells from Mexico, including new 
species, was presented by Dr. Edward Palmer, of the U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, and some important Californian specimens 
were received from Dr. R. H. Tremper, of Ontario, California. 

Dr. Paul Bartsch, the assistant curator of the division, was detailed 
to accompany the Bureau of Fisheries steamer Albatross to the 
Philippine Islands, for the purpose of making zoological collections 
for the Museum. He left Washington on October 9, 1907, and had 
not returned at the close of the year. While no material has yet 
been received from this source, it is understood that a large amount, 
consisting chiefly of marine invertebrates, land shells, and birds, has 
been obtained. On account of the absence of Doctor Bartsch, the 
routine work of the division was greatly handicai^ped. The most 
important result in this direction was the completion of the labeling 
and cataloguing of the Jeffreys collection, comprising about 110,000 
specimens, concerning which the curator, Dr. William H. Dall, 
rej^orts as follows: 

The event which is most prominent in the operations of the year, is the 
conclusion of the labeling and registering of the Jeffreys collection of British, 
Mediterranean, North Atlantic, and North European shells. As a very large 
proportion of the collection has served as a basis for publications by Turton, 
Bean, Clark, Jeffreys, Weinkanff, and other more modern authors, the material 
partakes so much of the nature of tyi)es, when the specimens are not the actual 
figured types (as is the case in a multitude of instances), that the utmost care 
has been necessary to preserve the identity and the data connected with each 
lot of specimens. As many abbreviations were used and, in the case of the 
Porcupine and other deep-sea explorations, often merely the station number 
was given as locality, the work had to be done with extreme care and very 
slowly,' for the most part when not hurried by other more urgent duties. 

This work was begun in 1SS3 by Miss Nicholson, who completed the registra- 
tion and arrangement of the land and fresh-water shells; it has been carried 
on subsequently under my supervision by others, chiefly by Mr. W. B. ^Marshall, 
to whose care, assiduity, and perseverance the satisfactory completion of the 
work is finally due. The entries iu the register, representing single lots of 
specimens from a single locality, number 27,490; the largest number registered 
and labeled in any one season was about 4,000 lots. Owing to my absence in 
the field during some years, nothing was done, as I have supervised every stage 
of the work personally. The collection occupies the equivalent space in drawers 
afforded by seven standard table cases, and contains approximately 110,000 
specimens. 

The further work upon the collection involves writing slips indicating the 
species present for each half-unit tray, the cards indicating the genei'a in each 
unit drawer, and the card catalogue of species contained in the collection with 
reference to the case and drawer in which they may be found. This work, now 
that the registration of the species and data is safely completed, involves com- 
paratively little difficulty and no more than the ordinary care required in 
handling any part of the study collection. 



KEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 47 

Doctor Dall completed a work on the mollusks and brachiopods 
collected by the Bureau of Fisheries steamer Albatross in the eastern 
Pacific Ocean under the supervision of Dr. Alexander Agassiz, and 
also several papers on new mollusks obtained b}- the steamer Alba- 
tross in 1906 and by correspondents on the Pacific coast. The paper 
on Pyramidellidse by Doctor Dall and Doctor Bartsch, mentioned in 
the report of last year, was printed and distributed. 

Marine invertebrates. — In the divison bearing this title, which com- 
prises the several groups of invertebrate animals other than insects 
and mollusks, an especially noteworthy event was the receipt from 
Prof. A. E. Verrill, of Yale University, of the greater part of the col- 
lection which has been in his custody for the past twenty years and 
more. As explained in the last report, this material was mainly 
derived from the marine exj^lorations of the U. S. P'ish Commission 
on the New England coast between 1871 and 1887, and represented 
all classes of marine invertebrates. Its study and description were 
intrusted to Professor Verrill, who was to receive the first set of dupli- 
cates for his services in lieu of a salarv. His investigations are still 
incomplete, and the division of specimens effected during the year 
was chiefly confined to those that had been named. The two assistant 
curators of the divison were kept fully occupied with this work at 
Xew Haven from April to Xovember, 1907, and the sorting and 
arrangement of the specimens after their return extended through 
several months. The transfer of this material to Washington has 
enriched the collections in both this division and that of mollusks 
to a remarkable extent. The records show that the number of speci- 
mens received was about 73,000, comprised in 18,315 lots, while G54 
species, of which 191 are mollusks, were added to those previously 
received from the investigations of the Fish Commission. In this 
latter number are included the types or cotypes of 355 species, of which 
170 are mollusks. To simply label and record this vast collection 
required the services of two expert cataloguers for seven and one-half 
months. 

The Bureau of Fisheries transmitted large numbers of holothu- 
rians, sea urchins, starfishes, crinoids, and corals from the Hawaiian 
Islands, Alaska, California, and the northwestern Pacific Ocean, and 
parasitic copepods and annelids from Japan. Among these were the 
type specimens of many new species. A collection of Japanese cri- 
noids, containing 131 specimens and the types of three new species, 
was purchased of Mr. Alan Owston and deposited in the Museum by 
the Honorable Frank Springer, of Las Vegas, Xew Mexico. Xinety- 
five specimens of crinoids, representing 15 species, were obtained 
from the Museum of Comparative Zoology in exchange, and 41 
specimens of isopods, comprising 13 species, from East Africa and 

82065—09 4 



48 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

the Antarctic Ocean were presented by the Museum of Natural His- 
tory of Paris, through Prof. E. L. Bouvier, 

The absence of the assistant curators in New Haven for so long a 
period greatly curtailed the amount of scientific work accomplished. 
Two papers descriptive of fossil crabs from California and fresh- 
water crabs from East Africa were prepared by Miss ]M. J. Rathbun. 
Work on the isopods was continued by Dr. Harriet Richardson, who, 
besides identifying the specimens returned from New Haven, de- 
scribed the sjjecies Leidya distorta from Bermuda and reported on a 
second lot of isopods from the Antarctic Ocean, collected by the 
French Charcot expedition. ]\Ir. Austin H. Clark, of the Bureau of 
Fisheries, continued work in the laboratory of the division on a me- 
moir covering the general collection of crinoids, and also completed 
for publication 5 special papers on the group. Dr. Walter K. Fisher, 
of Stanford University, spent about four months at the Museum and 
visited the Museum of Comparative Zoology and the Yale University 
Museum for the purpose of examining tyjje specimens and literature 
in connection with the report which he is preparing on the Museum 
collection of Pacific starfishes sent him a year ago. 

About 2,900 lots of marine invertebrates were sent to 18 specialists 
for study and identification, mainly as follows: The entire collection 
of s&ssile barnacles, comprising 1,202 lots, to Dr. H. O. Pilsbry, of 
Philadelphia, who will report on the group for publication by the 
Museum; 711 lots of ophiurans to Dr. H. L. Clark, of the Museum 
of Comparative Zoology, for use in the preparation of a work on the 
oiDhiurans of the Pacific Ocean north of latitude 35° N. ; 141 lots of 
medusae and 184 lots of plankton containing medusae from the Pacific 
Ocean, to Dr. H. B. Bigelow, of the same museum ; and 211 vials of 
larval crustaceans from the New England coast, to Dr. R. P. Bigelow, 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The pedate holo- 
thurians which have been in the possession of Prof. C. L. Edwards, 
of Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, except the specimens of 
the genus Cucumaria on which he is still at work, have been returned 
to the Museum. 

The helminthological collection, in charge of Dr. Ch. Wardwell 
Stiles, of the Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service, and Dr. 
B. H. Ransom, of the Bureau of Animal Industry, has attained a 
position of much practical importance, since it now contains a large 
amount of material resulting from government investigations on 
the diseases of man and of Avild and domestic animals. The speci- 
mens have been mainly obtained through the two bureaus mentioned 
and the Bureau of Fisheries. The additions from the Marine-Hos- 
pital Service during the year included specimens obtained during the 
plague investigation in San Francisco; from Manila, forwarded by 
Asst. Surg. P. E. Garrison, U. S. Navy, and from physicians in 



KEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 49 

different parts of the country. The most important contribution was 
SjKirgamim froliferum^ a parasite of man, sent by Dr. H. Gates, of 
Manatee, Horida. The Bureau of Animal Industry supplied a large 
variety of j^arasites from different parts of the United States, the 
island j^ossessions, India, China, Anam, Canada, Mexico, and Pana- 
ma. Many specimens were also obtained at autopsies of animals 
which had died at the National Zoological Park. 

Of investigations bearing more or less directly on the collections 
in the Museum, it may be said that the studies by Doctor Stiles have 
related chiefly to the question of child labor in the South as influenced 
by the presence of the hookworm disease. He described the ^'par- 
ganum proUferum, above mentioned, and reexamined the original 
specimens of Filaria restiformis Leidy (1880), which he finds not to 
belong to the genus Filaria but to be a member of the family Mer- 
mithida\ -In conjunction with Dr. Joseph Goldberger, he published 
on two new species of trematodes, Homalogaster pJiiJipphiensis 
from the Philij^pine Islands, and Agamodistom.um nainus from Africa, 
and on a reexamination of the original specimen of Tcenia saginata 
ahietina. These two authors have also completed a manuscript on a 
number of trematodes of the family Paramphistomidse. Doctor 
Ransom continued researches on the nematodes parasitic in ruminants, 
and, on the basis of Museum material, described the following new 
species: Trichostrongylus capricola^ Ostertagia trifurcata^ 0. mnr- 
shalli, 0. occidentalism and Gooperia pectinata, all from America. 
The genera Ostertagia and Gooperia are also new. A new species of 
tape worm, Gettotcmia mosaica, from rabbits in California, was de- 
scribed by Mr. M. C. Hall, of the Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Gomparative anatomy. — Several thousand entries of skeletons in 
the mammal record books were incorporated in the osteological cata- 
logue. A complete card catalogue of the skulls and skeletons of 
turtles was made, and this collection was relabeled and arranged in 
pasteboard boxes. It became necessary to remove the material which 
had been stored behind the wall cases in the south hall, in order to 
permit of fireproofing. A large series of rough skeletons stored in 
one of the outside buildings, including large numbers of the bones 
of East Indian mammals and birds presented by Doctor Abbott, was 
listed, transferred to specially made metal boxes, and placed in the 
Museum building for greater Safety. The three large skeletons of 
Baird's beaked whale in the possession of the Museum were brought 
together and measured, and one selected to mount for the exhibition 
series, as elsewhere described. 

Plants. — The total number of plants received during the year was 
about 25,000. The adtlitions from the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture comprised 2,458 specimens from the Bureau of Plant Indus- 
try, 919 from the Forest Service, 247 from the Biological Survey, 



50 KEPORT OP NATIONAL, MUSEUM, 1908. 

and 83 from the Office of Experiment Stations. Among the pur- 
chases were 305 Mexican plants from Dr. C. G. Pringle and 769 from 
Dr. Pxlward Pahner, 400 CJiiatemahin plants from Baron Henry von 
Turckheim, 499 Californian plants fnmi Mr. A. A. Heller, and 544 
plants of the northeastern United States and Canada from Mr. M. L. 
Fernald, Mr. W. W. Eggleston, Mr. J. ISIacoun, and Mr. W. H. 
Blanchard. The herbarium of Mr. J. "W. Toumey, containing 887 
specimens of cacti and many types, was also purchased. The princi- 
pal acquisitions of American plants by exchange consisted of about 
2,000 specimens, including many from the West Indies and some 
living specimens of cacti and Crassulacea^, from the New York 
Botanical Garden ; 636 Texan plants collected by Lindheimer, one of 
the older American botanists, from the ]Missouri Botanical Garden; 
206 sj^ecimens from Indiana and Illinois, from Mr. V. H. Chase ; 349 
specimens from Nevada, from Mr. P. B. Kennedy; 300 specimens 
from Illinois and Wisconsin, from Mr. F. C. Gates; and 280 speci- 
mens from Guatemala, from the Ohio State University. The foreign 
exchanges were mainly conducted with the Royal Botanical Museum, 
Berlin; the Universit}^ of Lausanne, Switzerland; and the Albany 
Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa. The associate curator, Dr. 
J. N. Rose," collected about 2,000 dried specimens and 500 living 
plants while engaged in field work in the soutliAvestern United States 
and northern Mexico. 

The rearrangement of the herbarium on the sj'Stem of Engler and 
Prantl was completed during the year. The genera of flowering 
plants have been given serial numbers corresponding with those of 
Delia Torre and Harm's Genera SiiDhonogamarum, and an alpha- 
betical reference card catalogue of this work was prepared. There 
were stamped and incorporated in the permanent series 12,379 speci- 
mens, making the total number so disposed of since the return of 
the herbarium to the Museum 332,361. The number of specimens 
mounted was 10,336. The additions to the stack consisted of 15 
wooden unit cases, 3 half-unit cases and 1 steel case, comprising 420 
pigeonholes and increasing the total number of the latter in use to 
10,858. 

The investigations conducted were mainly in continuation of those 
of the previous year — Dr. J. N. Rose on the cacti, Mr. W. R. Maxon 
on ferns, Mr. E. S. Steele on the genus Laciniaria, and Mr. J. H. 
Painter on water lilies. Mr. Maxon, on the invitation of the director 
of the New York Botanical Garden, edited the manuscript on ferns 
left by the late Dr. L. M. Underwood. The director and three other 
botanists of the New York Botanical Garden spent some time at the 
herbarium, Dr. N. L. Britton working with Doctor Rose on the 
cacti, Dr. J. K. Small examining material in the prejDaration of a 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 51 

work on the flora of North. America, Dr. P. A. Rydberg studying 
the Rosacea and Mr. Percy Wilson the Rutacea^. The desert phmts 
of the southwestern United States were the subject- of investigation 
by Doctor and Mrs. Vohiey Spaulding, of Tucson, Arizona, and 
plants of California by Miss Alice Eastwood, of the California 
Academy of Sciences. Mr. W. AV. Eggleston, of Rutland, Vermont, 
made several visits to examine specimens of Crataegus. The bota- 
nists of the Department of Agriculture made constant use of the 
herbarium. 

About 2,800 specimens, the largest number since 1904, were lent 
to botanists outside of the government service, both in the United 
States and Europe. The principal sendings were as follows: One 
thousand and sixty-seven specimens of Xyctaginacese to Mr. Paul 
C. Standley, of the New Mexico College of Agriculture; 440 ferns 
of the genus Dryopteris to Mr. C. Christensen, of the Botanical 
Museum, Copenhagen ; 190 specimens of the genus Wissadula to Prof. 
R. E. Fries, of the Botanical Museum, Upsala ; and 153 specimens, 
chiefly Colombian Composita\ to Dr. J. ]M. Greenman, of the Field 
Museum of Xatural Histor}'. 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY. 

The total number of geological and paleontological specimens ac- 
quired during the year was nearly 33,000, comprised in 147 accessions. 
Twenty lots of specimens were lent to investigators for study, 149 
sets of duplicates were distributed to educational establishments, and 
15 lots of duplicates were used in making exchanges. Twenty-two 
papers by members of the stafl:' and by others descriptive of material 
belonging in the department were published. The}- are cited in the 
bibliography. As explained elsewhere, the division of stratigraphic 
paleontology was separated into three divisions, corresponding with 
former sections, as follows: Invertebrate paleontologj^, vertebrate 
paleontology, and paleobotany. 

Systematic and applied geology. — The most important accessions 
to this division were as follows: By transfer from the U. S. Geolog- 
ical Survey, specimens of rocks from the Rockland quadrangle, 
Maine, the Austin and Brackett quadrangles, Texas, and the Redding 
quadrangle, California, and rocks and ores from the Coeur d'Alene 
district, Idaho; as gifts from Mr. Charles P. Robbins, the Southern 
Railway, and the Utah Antimony Company, respectively, examples 
of tin ores from Spokane, Washington, of copper ore from Ducktown, 
Tennessee, and of antimony ores from Utah. 

Xo noteworthy changes were made in either the exhibition or study 
series. The former is as extensive as the space will permit, and is 
fully catalogued and labeled. The dust occasioned by the rebuilding 
of the roofs rendered necessary the thorough cleaning and overhaul- 



52 BEPORT OF NATIONAL, MUSEUM, 1908. 

ing of the exhibition and many of the storage cases. Work on the 
reserve collection has been continued and been brought well up to 
date, some 3,390 cards and labels having been prepared. 

Dr. George P. Merrill, head curator of the department, made an 
extensive study of INIeteor Crater, Canyon Diablo, which he began by 
a visit to the locality in May, 1907, under a grant from, the Smith- 
sonian Institution. His investigations tend to show that the crater 
was formed, not by volcanic explosion, but by impact, and presuma- 
bly from that of a giant meteorite. The results so far obtained have 
been published. 

Mineralogy. — Among the more valuable additions to the collection 
of minerals were specimens of the rare zeolite, edingtonite, from 
Bolet, Sweden, and of the rare calcium copper vanadate, calciovol- 
vorthite, from Paradox Valley, Colorado ; a fine crystal of tapiolite, 
a columbo-tantalate, from Chanteloube, France; an excellent exam- 
ple of hydromagnesite from Alameda County, California ; and speci- 
mens of meteoric iron from "Williamstown, Kentucky; Ainsworth, 
Nebraska; and Crab Orchard, Rockwood County, Tennessee. The 
meteors were in part presented by Mr. E. E. Howell, of Washington. 

The condition of the reserve collection has been much improved 
through the identification of many specimens and the writing of 
several thousand labels and catalogue cards. The exhibition collec- 
tion has been maintained in good condition, and a new series of de- 
scriptive labels is in course of preparation. 

Mr. "Wirt Tassin, assistant curator of mineralogy, aided in the 
study of the materials from Meteor Crater, and made ten analyses 
of meteoric chromites, which represent over 65 per cent of the known 
analyses. He also investigated the minerals contained in certam 
sands from the vicinity of Norris, Montana, which resulted m the 
discovery of the rare thorium-uranium mineral, thorianite, and also 
of xenotime, zircon, monazite, and spinel. Numerous demands were 
made upon this division for chemical examinations for other branches 
of the jMuseum. 

Invertebrate paleontology. — Among the accessions received by this 
division were several of exceptional importance. The Smithsonian 
Institution made two very noteworthy deposits. The first consisted 
of the celebrated Gustav Hambach collection of fossil invertebrates, 
together with some specimens of fossil plants and vertebrate remains, 
containing many types and a number of specimens from the Prout 
and Shumard collections which for years were supposed to be lost. 
The second was the Gilbert collection of Niagaran fossils from north- 
ern Indiana, which formed the basis of Doctor Kindle's studies on 
the subject, and, owing to the scarcity of fossil-yielding localities in 
this region and the number of types represented, is unique and prac- 
tically impossible of duplication. Much material was transmitted by 



KEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 53 

the U. S. Geological Survey, the largest and most valuable series 
comprising 20 drawers of Paleozoic graptolites, the study of which 
had recently been completed for publication by Dr. Rudolph Ruede- 
mann, of the New York Geological Surve}^ Among the tyjDes de- 
scribed were some presented to the Museum by the University of 
Colorado. Through the medium of exchange about 2,500 specimens, 
representing 419 species, of European Paleozoic trilobites and 
brachiopods were received from Dr. F. Krantz, of Bonn, Germany; 
470 species of various groups from Mr. J. Yaquez, of Pantin, France; 
and 500 specimens of Tennessee Ordovician fossils from Mr. Manly 
D. Barber, of Knoxville. A fine slab of Uintacrinus, deposited by 
the Hon. Frank Springer and described in a paper soon to be pub- 
lished, constituted a most important addition to the exhibition series. 

The Smithsonian field party, under Secretary Charles D. Walcott, 
which made extensive geological explorations in British Columbia 
and Idaho during the summer of 1907, brought back important col- 
lections of Cambrian fossils, the study of which is being conducted 
by Doctor Walcott. Dr. R. S. Bassler, curator of the division, spent 
a part of July and August, 1907, in making collections especially 
from Xiagaran strata in western Tennessee. During September 
and a part of the following May and June he was detailed to con- 
duct investigations in Virginia under the U. S. Geological Survey. 
A general study of the Xiagaran rocks of the Mississippi Valley 
occupied his attention during the last three Aveeks of June. Some 
5,000 specimens of fossil invertebrates were secured during these 
surveys. 

Work on the Springer collection was continued, and the Gilbert 
and Xettelroth collections were recorded and installed, the total num- 
ber of specimens catalogued being 17,G68. Two hundred and fifty- 
nine standard drawers and 110 boxes of unworked material were 
removed from storage and their contents placed in condition for 
examination. The Hambach collection was unpacked and arranged, 
but the specimens have not yet been catalogued. Doctor Bassler 
completed studies on the Xettelroth collection, the formation of 
geodes, the Xiagaran strata of west Tennessee, a revision of the 
Beyrichiida^, the cement materials of western Virginia, and the 
lower Devonian Ostracoda and Br3^ozoa of MarAdand. He also con- 
tinued his work on the American Cambrian Ostracoda. 

Vertebrate 'paleontology. — The most notable accession in vertebrate 
paleontology was one received from the American ^Museum of Xat- 
ural History in partial exchange for the Cope collection, as arranged 
some time ago. It contains many rare species from various horizons 
in the United States and South America. Of primary interest are a 
fine skull, including the jaws, of Uintatherium, several good speci- 
mens of Oligocene mammals, and many rare Eocene mammals. The 



54 REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

Giistav PTambach collection included a number of fossil fishes, rep- 
tiles, and mammals. The collection oljtained by Mr. C. W. Gilmore 
on the Smithsonian expedition to Alaska during; the summer of 
1907 and deposited in the jNIuseum contains several fragmentary 
specimens representing fossil species of the mastodon, bison, musk ox, 
caribou, beaver, etc. The most important find was a nearly complete 
skull of a new species of Ovibos, which Mr. Gidley has described 
under the name Ovihos yul'onensis. A fossil turtle from the Kansas 
chalk is also worthy of mention. 

The Teleoceras remains, so extensively represented in the Marsh 
collectio-n, have been completely overhauled and cleaned, and from 
them has been selected sufficient material for the purposes of the Na- 
tional Museum, together with a fine lot of duplicates for exchange. 
This work was greatly delayed by Mr. Gilmore's absence in Alaska 
and the time subsequently consumed in the writing of his report. 
Aside from the above, Mr. Gilmore has devoted his attention mainly 
to the preparation of Camptosaurian material, Avhich has progressed 
as rapidly as covdd be expected, and he feels confident of being able 
to mount one and perhaps two fairly complete exhibition specimens. 
The working out of the very large collection of Stegosaurian material 
has also been begun. Some 2,500 catalogue cards were prepared. 

Mr. J. W. Gidley has studied and described the Miocene and Plio- 
cene horses of North America, two new species of Pleistocene 
ruminants, a new species of fossil deer from the Mascall formation 
of Oregon, a new species of multi-tuberculate mammal, a new species 
of Eocene mammal, a new species of Ovibos^ the position and mechan- 
ics of limb and foot structure of sundry small mammals, and a small 
collection of fossil mammals from the Miocene of Nevada. 

There are now cleaned and ready for mounting skeletons of a small- 
horned rodent, Epigavliis luifchen, from Kansas; a creodont mam- 
mal, SinojM^ from the Bridger Basin of Wyoming; a shortl imbed 
rhinoceros, Teleoceras fossiger, from Kansas; two species of the 
Jurassic reptile, Camptosaiirus/ a fossil cetacean, Zeiiglodon cetoidcs; 
at least one Titanotherium,, and a Lower Eocene carnivore, Hop- 
lophonius. The type sjDecimen of Geratosaumis nasicornis can also 
be prepared for mounting in relief with a comparatively small 
amount of labor. In addition, it is expected that in another year or 
eighteen months the work of cleaning the bones of Stegosaurus ungu- 
latus, a reptilian form ranking in grotesque character with the 
Trireratops. will be completed. 

Paleohotany. — The principal accession in this division consisted 
of about 235 specimens of fossil plants, forming a part of the Gustav 
Hambach collection, previously referred to. It contains 16 types 
from Florissant, Colorado, described by W. C. G. Kirchner in the 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 55 

Transactions of the St. Louis Academy of Science, Volume YIII, 
1898. The entire exhibition and a large part of the study series were 
overhauled, partly rearranged, and many of the specimens reduced 
in size by careful trimming. Much progress was made in the num- 
bering of specimens and the preparation of the card catalogue. The 
investigations carried on were almost entirely limited to the work 
of the paleobotanists of the Geological Survey. Dr. A. C. Peale was 
detailed for service in connection with the explorations of the 
Geological Survey in Montana during the summer of 1907. 

DISTRIBUTION AND EXCHANGE OF SPECIMENS. 

Of the regular sets of duplicate specimens prepared for educa- 
tional puiposes 152 were distributed during the year, as follows: 
Sixty-one of nonmetallic minerals and ores, 53 of fossil invertebrates, 
24 of rocks, 8 of minerals, 3 of weathered rocks, and 3 of marine 
invertebrates. The total number of specimens included in these sets 
was 8,471, besides which nearly 3,500 specimens were sent out in 
special sets. 

Including the material to be worked up for publication by the 
Museum, there were placed in the hands of specialists not officially 
connected with it, for study, G,215 specimens from the department of 
biology, 2,844 from the department of geology, and 29 from the 
department of anthropology, a total of 9.0S8 specimens. 

In carrvino* on exchanges with scientific institutions and indi- 
viduals 13,993 duplicate specimens were used. Of this number 1,630 
were geological, 153 anthropological, and 12,210 zoological and 
botanical. An idea of the extent of the Museum's relations in this 
regard may be obtained from the following list of establishments and 
individuals abroad with which exchanges were made during the 
year. Among the establishments were the British Museum of Natural 
History, London, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and the Hancock 
Museum, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England; the Museum of Natural 
History, Elbeuf, France; the Kiiniglisches Botanisches Museum, the 
Koniglisches Zoologisches Museum, Berlin, and the Stiidtisches 
Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Leipzig, Germany; the Jardin Botanique 
de I'Etat, Brussels, Belgium; the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, 
Denmark; the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden; 
Teyler's Museum, Haarlem, Netherlands; Botanical Museum of the 
LTniversity of Lausanne, Switzerland ; the Royal Zoological Museum, 
Turin, Italy; Royal Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria; 
the Plungarian National INIuseum, Budapest, Himgary; the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Calcutta, India ; the Albany ISIuseum, Grahams- 
town, Cape Colony, South Africa ; the Waihi School of Mines, Auck- 
land, New Zealand; the Institute de Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, 



56 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



and the Institiito Seriimtherapico do Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil; 
the Hope Gardens, Kingston, Jamaica; Queen's Universit,y, Kings- 
toil, Canada ; and the Estacion Central Agronomica, Santiago de las 
Vegas, Cuba. 

Among the individuals may be mentioned: Mr, Edward Lovett, 
Croydon, P^ngland: Mr. Plenri Douville, l*aris, Mr. A. Duchaussoy, 
Caudebec les Elbeuf, Seine Inferieure, and Mr. J. Vaquez, Perreux, 
Seine, France; Dr. F. S. Archenhold, Treptow-Sternwarte, Trep- 
tow bei Berlin, Mr. A. Kneucker, Karlsruhe, Mr. F. Krantz, Bonn, 
and Mr. Curt Morhart, Ensfield, ISIiddle Franconia, Germany: ]Mr. 
O. M. Renter, Abo. Finland ; . Mr. Robert E. Fries, Stockholm, 
Sweden; Mr. Friedrich Hendel. Vienna, Austria; Mr. Michele Gua- 
dagno and Mr. Ernesto Monaco, Xaples, Italy; Dr. Casimir de 
Candolle, Geneva, and Mr. Henry Volkart, St. Gallen, Switzerland; 
Mr. F. Baker. Richmond, Victoria, and Mr. "\V. H. D. Le Souef, 
Melbourne, Australia; Dr. Eugenio F. Giacornelli, La Rioja, Ar- 
gentina, and Seiior Juan Tremoleras, Montevideo, Uruguay, South 
America : Dr. Carlos Renson, San Salvador, Central America ; Mr. 
Luis Brooks, Santiago, Cuba. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 
VISITORS. 

The number of visitors ° to the National Museum building during 
the year 11)07-8 was 299,059, a daily average of 954, and to the Smith- 
sonian building. 237,182, a daily average of 755. 

The following tables show, respectively, the attendance during 
each month of the past year, and for each year beginning with 1881, 
when the INluseum building was first opened to the public. 

NkviJxt of risittirs <liirin(/ (lie fisvul i/<ar 1007-8. 



Year and month. 



190' 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 



Museum 
building. 


Smith- 
sonian 
building. 


23, 790 


21, 296 


52,343 


39,204 


46,i:» 


39,861 


33,784 


29,882 


18,860 


17,248 


13,896 


10,894 



Year and month. 



1908, 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

Total 



Museum 
building. 



13, 994 
13, 606 
18, 700 
27, 698 
17, 307 
14, .546 



Smith- 
sonian 
building. 



9,788 
9, 262 
13,926 
21,248 
13,590 
10, 983 



299, 659 237, 182 



"These figures are based on an attendance during ;;i4 days in the year, on which the 
buildings were open to the public. 



KEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



57 



Number of visitors to the Museum and Smithsonian huildiiigs since the opening 

of the former in 1881. 



Year. 



1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 (half year) 

1884-85 

1885-86 

1886-87 

1887-88 

1888-89 

1889-90 

1890-91 

1891-92 

1892-93 

1893-94 

1894-95 



Museum 
building. 


Smith- 

s<mian 

building. 


150, 000 


100, 000 


167,455 


152,744 


202, 188 


104, 823 


97,661 


45, 505 


205,026 


105, 993 


174, 225 


88, 960 


216,562 


98, 552 


249,665 


102,803 


374,843 


149, 618 


274, 324 


120,894 


286, 426 


111,669 


269, 825 


114,817 


319, 930 


174, 188 


195, 748 


103, 910 


201,744 


105, 658 



Year. 



1895-96 . . 
1896-97 . . 
1897-98 . . 
189,8-99 . . 
1899-1900 
1900-1901 
1901-2 . . . 
1902-3. - 
1903-^ . . . 
1904-5 . . - 
190.5-6 . . . 
1906-7 . . . 
1907-8 . . . 



Museum 
building. 


Smith- 
sonian 
building. 


180,505 


103,650 


229, 606 


115, 709 


177, 254 


99,273 


192,471 


116,912 


225,440 


133, 147 


216,556 


151,563 


173,888 


144, 107 


315,307 


181,174 


220, 778 


143, 988 


235, 921 


149,380 


210, 886 


149, 661 


210,107 


153,591 


299, 659 


237, 182 


6, 274, 000 


3, 559, 591 



CONGRESSES AND MEETINGS. 

The Seventh International Zoological Congress was held in Boston, 
JMassachusetts, from August 19 to 23, 1907, under the presidency of 
Dr. Alexander Agassiz. The Smithsonian Institution was officially 
represented by Dr. Theodore Gill, Dr. William H. Dall, and Dr. 
Kichard Rathbun, and the National Museum by Dr. Frederick W. 
True, head curator of biology, Dr. Leonhard Stejneger, curator of 
reptiles and batrachians, and Dr. Harrison G. Dyar, of the division 
of insects. Several papers were read by members of the Museum 
staff, as follows: Dr. L. O. Howard, curator of insects, The recent 
jH-ogress and present condition of economic entomology; Doctor 
True, On the correlation of North American and European genera 
of fossil cetaceans; Doctor Gill, Systematic zoology, its place and 
functions, and The incongruity of inland and marine faunas; 
Doctor Dyar, The distribution of mosquitoes in North America; 
Dr. Marcus ^Y. Lyon, jr., assistant curator of mammals, The dis- 
tribution of bats in the zoogeographical regions; Dr. B. W. Ever- 
mann, curator of fishes. The origin of the golden trout of the 
Southern High Sierra; Doctor Dall, curator of mollusks. Deep 
sea distribution of the molluscan fauna of the northwest coast; Dr. 
Paul Bartsch, assistant curator of mollusks, A study in distribution 
based on the family Pyramidellidaj of the west coast of America; 
Dr. T. W. Vaughan, custodian of madreporarian corals, Summary 
of results obtained from a study of the recent Madreporaria of the 
Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. Organizing secretaries were selected 
from members of the staff, as follows: Dr. Leonhard Stejneger for 



58 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

the section of zoogeography. Dr. L. O. Howard for the section of 
entomology, and Dr. Ch. Wardell Stiles, custodian of the helmintho- 
logical collections, for the section of applied zoolog}'. 

After the close of the meeting in Boston many members of the Con- 
gress, especiall}^ from abroad, were entertained at other places, and 
among them Washington, which they visited during the 3d, 4th, and 
5th of September. The Museum building was opened for their 
private inspection on the last evening, when an informal reception 
was also tendered them by the Smithsonian Institution. 

Dr. Paul Haupt, associate in historic archeology, will represent 
the National Museum at the Fifteenth International Congress of 
Orientalists, to be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in August, 1908. 
Dr. Arnold Hague, of the U. S. Geological Survey, has also been 
appointed to serve in a like capacity at the centenary celebration of 
the Geological Society of London, which will take place in Sep- 
tember, 1908. 

Accommodations in the Smithsonian building were accorded to 
the National Academy of Sciences for the business sessions of the 
annual meeting, from April 21 to 23, 1908, while one of the exhibi- 
tion halls in the Museum building was especially fitted up for the 
open sessions, at which many scientific papers were read. 

f ORRESPONDEN CE. 

The corresi:)ondence of the Museum is increasing each year, since, 
besides its relations with practically all of the scientific and many of 
the art establishments throughout the world, the Museum is called 
upon by the public generally for the identification of specimens and 
the answering of inquiries. As would naturally be expected from the 
character of the requests, this work encroaches heavily upon the time 
of the scientific staff, on which dependence must be had for the in- 
formation required. The number of specimens received for identifi- 
cation amounts to several thousand everv vear. 

The office of correspondence also attends to the distribution of 
the publications of the Museum, of which about 50,000 copies of vol- 
umes and separates were sent out during the year to institutions and 
individuals on the regular mailing list and about 10,000 copies in 
compliance with special requests. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

There were issued by the Museum during the past year 8 volumes 
and 6 parts of volumes. The Annual Report for 1907, published in 
December, was restricted, like those of the two preceding years, to 
an administrative statement of the operations of the Museum. Vol- 
ume 32 of the Proceedings, issued in July, 1907, contained 51 papers, 



REPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 59 

all of which had been previously distributed in the form of sep- 
arates. In June, 1908, volume 33 of the Proceedings, containing 35 
jDapers, was published, 700 copies of each paper being delivered in 
pami)hlet form, instead of GOO, as in previous years. This increase 
will allow a somewhat wider distribution than heretofore. In addi- 
tion to those already mentioned, 23 '* separates," forming part of 
volume 34 of the Proceedings, were published and distributed during 
the year. 

Of bulletins, 5 volumes were issued, as follows: No. 50, volume 4, 
Birds of North and Middle America, by Kobert Ridgway, containing 
973 pages of text and 34 plates, and descrij^tive of the thrushes, wren- 
thrushes, mockingbirds, starlings, Aveaver-birds, larks, sharpbills, 
tyrant flycatchers, manakins, and chatterers; No. 58, The Herpetology 
of Japan and Adjacent Territory, by Leonhard Stejneger ; No. 59, Re- 
cent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan, by T. Way- 
land Vaughan; No. GO, The Barnacles (Cirripedia) Contained in the 
Collections of the U. S. National Museum, by Henry A. Pilsbry, of 
the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences; and No. Gl, Varia- 
tions and Genetic Relationships of the Garter Snakes, by Alexander 
C. Ruthven, of the University of Michigan. 

The " parts " of volumes consisted of the following numbers in the 
series of Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium : Volume 
X, part 5, Report on the Diatoms of the Albatross Voyages in the 
Pacific Ocean, 1888-1904, by Albert Mann, of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture: Volume X, part 6, The Cyperacese of Costa Rica, by 
the late Prof. C. B. Clarke; Volume X, part 7, Studies of Tropical 
American Ferns, No. 1, ])y William R. Maxon ; Volume XII, part 1, 
Catalogue of the botanical library of John Donnell Smith, presented 
in 1905 to the Smithsonian Institution, compiled by Alice Cary At- 
wood; Volume XII, part 2, containing The Lecythidacese of Costa 
Rica, and Tonduzia, a New Genus of Apocynacese from Central 
America, by H. Pittier de Fabrega ; and A Collection of Plants from 
the Vicinity of La Guaira, Venezuela, by J. R. Johnston; Volume 
XII, part 3, Types of American Grasses, by A. S. Hitchcock. 

In addition to the foregoing, 17 papers describing Museum mate- 
rial, and for the most part written by members of its statf, were pub- 
lished in the Quarterly Issue of the Smithsonian Miscellaneous Col- 
lections. They may be classified as follows : Archeology, 1 ; mam- 
mals, 1 ; fishes, 1 ; insects, 1 ; marine invertebrates, including mollusks, 
4; botany, 4: geology, 5. The Secretary also granted permission for 
the printing elsewhere than in the publications of the Institution and 
Museum of 10 papers by members of the staff. 

The following is a classification by subjects of the 230 papers cited 
in the bibliography : Administration, 1 ; ethnology, 5 ; archeology, 3 ; 



60 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

physical anthropology, 1 ; mammals, 22; birds, 11; reptiles and batra- 
chians, 8 ; fishes, 25 ; insects, 41 ; mollusks, 24 ; other marine inverte- 
brates, 42; helminthology, 9; plants, 12; geology and mineralogy, G; 
fossils, 14 ; fine arts, 1 ; biography, ?> ; bibliography, 2. 

In addition to the editorial work in connection with the publica- 
tions, the editor also has charge of the other printing for the Museum, 
including labels, blanks, etc., and of the binding, all of which is done 
by the Government Printing Office. 

LIBRARY. 

The Museum library has continued to receive from Prof. O. T. 
Mason and Dr. C. A. White many gifts of scientific jDublications 
which are of great value in completing sets and filling in the series 
of authors' sej^arates, and Mr. William Schaus has again added ma- 
terially to the sectional library of the division of insects. Dr.- Charles 
W. Richmond has presented another installment of books and pamph- 
lets, including many of the Thunberg dissertations, which are for the 
most part rare and difficult to obtain and of which he is endeavoring 
to complete the set. The library has also been benefited by the plan 
adopted by the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature of 
sending to authors lists of their scientific writings that have been 
entered in the catalogue and requesting any that have not been cited, 
whereby many separates from periodicals, journals, etc., have been 
acquired. 

There are now in the library 33,504 volumes, 52,112 unbound papers, 
and 108 manuscripts. The additions during the year consisted of 
3,257 books, 4,470 pamphlets, and 247 parts of volumes. One thou- 
sand books, 2,257 complete volumes of periodicals, and 4,056 pamph- 
lets were catalogued, and 1,086 books were sent to the Government 
Printing Office for binding. The number of books, periodicals, and 
pamphlets borrowed from the general library was 29,242, while the 
number assigned to sectional libraries was 10,314. 

PHOTOGRAPHY. 

The photographic laboratory, which is one of the best equipped for 
its purpose in the country, has for its object the preparation of illus- 
trations for the publications of the Museum, for the manuscript 
records of important collections, and for the exhibition halls, and of 
copies of plans relating to details of construction in connection with 
the buildings, furniture, etc. The number of negatives made during 
the year was 1,328; of silver and velox prints, 3,615; of blueprints, 
6,447 ; and of bromide enlargements, 28. Seventy-four rolls of films 
taken in the field were also developed. 



KEPOKT OF NATIONAL. MUSEUM, 1908. 61 



EXPOSITIONS. 



Jamestown T er-G entcnnlal Exposition. — The participation by the 
Smithsonian Institution and National Museum in the Jamestown 
Exposition, which opened on April 2(3, 1907, was outlined in the last 
report. The exhibit, prepared and maintained under the direction 
of jNIr. V\\ de C. Ravenel, who represented these establishments on 
the government board, was, in accordance with the act of Congress, 
designed to illustrate the aboriginal, colonial, and national history 
of America, and, notwithstanding the small allotment granted, it 
proved an especially noteworthy feature. Although the exposition 
closed on November 30, the dismantling of the exhibits was, by direc- 
tion of the President, deferred until January 18, 1908, but by Febru- 
ary 10 all the objects belonging to the Institution and Museum had 
been shipped to Washington. 

Besides the material taken from the existing collections, many addi- 
tional groups and objects were specially prepared or purchased for 
the exposition, and these have since been incorporated in the collec- 
tions of the Museum. Among them was a group of 14 white and 
Indian figures representing a trading expedition by Capt. John 
Smith at the mouth of the James River in IGOT, designed by Mr. 
William H. Holmes, and executed under his direction by Mr. H. W. 
Hendley and Mr. U. S. J. Dunbar. Another exhibit, prepared under 
the supervision of Dr. James M. Flint, U. S. Navy, curator of medi- 
cine, was a collection illustrative of the history of medicine in 
America by means of photographs of distinguished medical men, 
with information regarding their achievements, from the physician 
who accompanied Captain Smith to America to Dr. Carlos Finlay, 
Avho is credited with having first formulated a definite theory as to 
the transmission of yellow fever b}^ the mosquito. 

The other more important acquisitions from the same source Avere 
as follows: One hundred and thirty-three enlarged colored photo- 
graphs of individuals who have attained prominence in connection 
with the history of America ; 17 enlarged colored photographs from 
colored drawings made by John White for Sir Walter Raleigh in 1585 ; 
48 engravings, paintings, and photographs of historic scenes and land- 
marks; 27 enlarged photographs illustrating the history of the Capi- 
tol; 4 groups of two figures each, representing by costumes of the 
colonial j^eriod the nations most prominent in the settlement of 
America; a model of John Stevens's side- wheel steamboat, the Phoe- 
nix; a model of the side-wheel steamship Savannah; a model of an 
American Indian travois ; a primitive sled ; a number of the gold coins 
of the United States; and a fine color photograph from a painting, by 
Miley & Sons, of Lexington, Va. A number of cases and other pieces 
of furniture, used in connection with other exhibits, were also secured 
for the Museum. 



62 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

International Maritime Exposition^ Bordeaux, France. — ^This ex- 
position, Avliich was also oflicially opened before the close of the 
previous fiscal year, was likewise described in the last annual report. 
Of the $15,000 appropriated by Congress only about $8,000 was avail- 
able for the preparation, installation, and maintenance of the entire 
government exhibit, which, at the request of the Secretary of State, 
was undertaken by the Smithsonian Institution and placed in charge 
of Mr. AV. de C. Havenel. Owing to delays on the part of this Gov- 
ernment, the United States pavilion was not completed and turned 
over to Mr. D. I. Murphy, American consul at Bordeaux, until late 
in June, but by expeditious methods it was made possible to admit 
the 23iiblic on July -1, although the installation was not finished until 
the 20tli of that month. The exposition remained open until Novem- 
ber 10, Avhen the work of repacking the collection was immediately 
begun under the direction of Mr. F. C. Cole, of the ^Museum staff, who 
had assisted Mr. Eavenel in its installation. The shipment reached 
Washington in January, 1008, and the articles contributed by the 
several government dej^artments were returned to them. A number 
of objects which had been exhibited by other participants were 
secured for the Museum. 

Alaska-Yuhon-Pacific Exi)osition. — To enable the Government to 
particiiDate in this exposition, which will be held in Seattle, Wash- 
ington, in 1909, the sum of $600,000 was appropriated in the sundry 
civil act, approved May 27, 1908. Of this amount $200,000 was 
allotted for exhibition purposes, under the direction of a board of 
management to be appointed by the President, composed of three 
l^ersons now in the emplo}^ of the Government. Although the board 
was not constituted until after the close of the vear, it mav be men- 
tioned here that ]Mr. Ravenel, Administrative Assistant of the 
Museum, has been designated as one of its members. The part spe- 
cifically directed to be taken by the Smithsonian Institution and 
National Museum consists in the exhibition of " such articles and 
material of an historical nature as will impart a knowledge of our 
national history, especially that of Alaska, Hawaii, and the Philip- 
pine Islands, and that part of the United States west of the Rocky 
Mountains." 

ORGAXIZATIOX AXD STAFF. ■ 

The only change in the matter of organization was made in the 
department of geolog}', where three divisions, corresponding with 
former sections, were substituted for the division of stratigraphic 
paleontolog}'. They are as follows: Division of invertebrate paleon- 
tolog^^ with Dr. R. S. Bassler as curator; division of vertebrate 
paleontology, with Mr. James W. Gidley as custodian of the mam- 
malian collection, and Mr. Charles W. Gilmore custodian of the 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 63 

reptilian collection; and diA'ision of paleobotany, with Mr. David 
^Vliite . as associate curator. The other members of the staff con- 
nected Avith these divisions are given in the list beginning on page 65. 

Furloughs without pay were granted to Dr. AV. H. Ashmead, whose 
continued illness still incapacitates him for work, and to Mr. Laurence 
La Forge, aid in the division of physical and chemical geology. 
Mr. J. C. Crawford was appointed assistant curator, division of in- 
sects, to fill the vacancy caused by the transfer to the Bureau of 
Entomology of the Department of Agriculture of Dr. Harrison G. 
Dyar, Avho had been temporarily occupying this position. The 
latter, however, still retains the custodianship of the collection of 
Lepidoptera. Mr. A. C. Weed was made an aid in the division of 
fishes, and Mr. E. N. Bales, a preparator in the division of physical 
anthropology. 

I regret having to record the death, on July 8, 1907, of Dr. AVilliam 
La Grange Ealph, curator of the section of birds' eggs, to whom the 
Museum is indebted for especially important gifts and whose services 
were mainly rendered Avithout compensation. Doctor Ralph was 
born June 19, 1851, at Holland Patent, Xew York, where his early 
years were passed. In his boyhood rambles he imbibed a taste for 
natural history which had an important bearing on his after life. 
In 1863 his jjarents moved to Utica, where he received his preliminary 
education. He attended Whitestone Seminary, and later the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, where he obtained the 
degree of doctor of medicine in 1879. LTpon his return to Utica he 
engaged in the practice of his profession, but delicate health soon 
forced him to abandon his intention of following a medical career, 
and urged him to less exacting pursuits. He again turned his atten- 
tion to the fascinations of bird study and the wild life of the woods, 
and, having independent means, began in earnest the formation of a 
collection of birds, nests, and eggs of Oneida County. In the study 
of the local avifauna he became associated with Mr. Egbert Bagg, of 
Utica, and the researches of the two naturalists resulted in the publi- 
cation of an Annotated List of the Birds of Oneida County, New 
York. (Trans. Oneida Hist. Soc, III, 1886, pp. 101-147). This 
was followed some years later by a supplement, entitled "Additional 
Notes on the Birds of Oneida County, New York." (Auk, VII, 
1890, pp. 229-232). 

It was to the subject of oology that Doctor Ralph's energies were 
chiefly directed, and his cabinet of nests and eggs, at first of not 
more than local interest, became in later years one of the most impor- 
tant private collections in the United States. His personal work in 
the field was restricted chiefly to the Adirondacks and Florida, but 
he obtained by purchase and through the employment of collectors 
many important desiderata from other parts of the country. "When 

82065—09 5 



64 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

Major Bendire undertook the preparation of the Life Histories of 
North American Birds he found an enthusiastic supporter in Doctor 
Ealph, who proceeded forthwith to contribute specimens and notes 
with the object of makino- the undertaking a success. The two pub- 
lished vohnnes of the Life Histories teem with items from his pen, 
and his contributions to the Museum egg collection, begun in 1892, 
number upward of 10,000 specimens, mostly in faultless condition 
and labeled with great care. His other donations to the National 
Museum, by no means unimportant in the aggregate, include, among 
other objects, an excellent specimen of the extinct Philip Island 
parrot {Nestor jvodnctus). 

At the death of Major Bendire, in 1897, Doctor Ralph was chosen 
to fill the vacancy of custodian of the section of birds' eggs, and in 
1901 his title was changed to curator. He at once proceeded to accu- 
mulate data for the continuation of the Life Histories, but owing to 
the precarious state of his health the third volume of this work was 
incomplete at the time of hi:; death. Doctor Ealph exhibited a keen 
interest in the study of wild creatures, and always kept a variety of 
pets in his office. He was largely instrumental in the introduction of 
gray squirrels into the Smithsonian grounds, with the object of add- 
ing to the attractiveness of the park. Although his tenure of life 
was rendered uncertain from an early age by reason of an organic 
affection of the heart, Doctor Ealph was invariably cheerful and 
optimistic, mild mannered, and of a gentle and unselfish disposition. 
His loss will be keenly felt by his friends and associates. 

Prof. "W. O. Atwater, of ^Vesleyan University, Middletown, Con- 
necticut, who served as honorary curator in charge of the section of 
foods from 1884 to 1892, died on September 22, 1907. While con- 
nected with the Museum he prepared an interesting exhibit illustra- 
ting the composition of the human body, and another showing the 
manner in which food compensates for the daiW expenditure of 
bodily tissue. 



THE MUSEUM STAFF. 

[Juue 30, 1908.] 

Charles D. Walcott, Secretai-y of the Smithsouian lustitution, Keeper ex 

officio. 
Richard Kathbu^", Assistant Secretary, in charge of the U. S. National 

Mnseum. 
W. DE C. Ravenel, Administrative Assistant. 

SCIENTIFIC STAFF. 

Department of Anthropology : 

Otis T. Mason, Head Curator. 
Division of Ethnology: Otis T. Mason, Curator; Walter Hough, Assistant 

Curator; J. W. Fewkes, Collaborator. 
Division of Physical Anthropology: Ale.s Hrdliclia, Assistant Curator. 
Division of Historic Archeology: Cyrus Adler, Curator; I. M. Casanowicz, 

Assistant Curator. s 

Division of Prehistoric Archeology: William H. Holmes, Curator; E. P, 

Upham, Aid; J. D. McGuire, Collaborator. 
Division of Technology: George C. Maynard, Assistant Curator. 
Division of Graphic Arts: Paul Brockett, Custodian. 

Section of Photography : T. W. Smillie, Custodian. 
Division of Medicine: J. M. Flint, U. S. Navy (Retired), Curator. 
Division of Historic Religions: Cyrus Adler, Curator. 
Division of History: A. Howard Clark, Curator. 
Associate in Historic Archeology: Paul Haupt. 
Department of Biology : 

Frederick W. True, Head Curator. 
Division of Mammals: Frederick W. True, Curator; Marcus W. Lyon, jr.. 

Assistant Curator. 
Division of Birds: Robert Ridgway, Curator; Charles W. Richmond, Assist- 
ant Curator; J. H. Riley, Aid. 
Division of Reptiles and Batrachians: Leonhard Stejneger, Curator; R. G. 

Paine, Aid. 
Division of Fishes: B. W. Evermann, Curator; Barton A. Bean, Assistant 

Curator ; Alfred C. Weed, Aid. 
Division of Mollusks: William H. Dall, Curator; Paul Bartsch, Assistant 

Curator ; William B. Marshall, Aid. 
Division of Insects: L. O. Howard, Curator; J. C. Crawford, Assistant 
Curator; H. S. Barber, Aid. 
Section of Myriapoda : O. F. Cook, Custodian. 
Section of Diptera : D. W. Coquillett, Custodian. 
Section of Coleoptera : E. A. Schwarz, Custodian. 
Section of Lepidoptera : Harrison G. Dyar, Custodian. 
Section of Orthoptera : A. N. Caudell, Custodian. 
Section of Arachnida : Nathan Banks, Custodian. 
Section of Hemiptera : Otto Heidemann, Custodian. 

65 



66 EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 

Department of Biology — Continued. 

Division of Marine Invertebrates: Kicliard liatlibun, Curator; J. E. Bene- 
dict, Assistant Curator ; Mary J. Itatlibun, Assistant Curator ; Har- 
riet Kicliardson, Collaborator. 
Section of Helmintlaological Collections: C. W. Stiles, Custodian; B. H. 
Itausom, Assistant Custodian. 
Division of Plants {yational HerharUnn) : Frederick V. Coville, Curator; 
J. N. Rose, Associate Curator; W. 11. Maxon, Assistant Curator; 
J. II. Painter, Aid. 
Section of Cryptogamie Collections: O. F. Cook, Assistant Curator. 
Section of Higher Algte: W. T. Swingle, Custodian. 
Section of Lower Fungi: D. G. Faircliild, Custodian. 
Associates in Zoology : Theodore N. Gill, C. Hart Merriam, K. E. C. Stearns, 

AY. L. Abbott. 
Associates in Botany : Edward L. Green, John Dounell Smith. 
Department of Geologi' : 

George P. Merrill, Head Curator. 
Division of Fhijsieal and Cliemieal Geology (Systematic and Applied) : 

George P. Merrill, Curator. 
Division of Mineralogy : F. W. Clarke, Curator ; Wirt Tassin, Assistant 

Curator. 
Division of Invertebrate Paleontology: K. S. Bassler, Curator; Lancaster D. 
Burling, Assistant Curator. 
.Carboniferous Collection: George H. Girty, Custodian. 
Mesozoic Collection: T. \V. Stanton, Custodian. 
Cenozoic Collection: W. H. Dall, Associate Curator. 
Madreporariau Corals: T. Wayland Vaughau, Custodian. 
Division of Vertebrate Paleontology: 

Mammalian Collection: James W. Gidley, Custodian. 
Reptilian Collection: Charles W. Gilmore, Custodian. 
Division of Paleobotany: David White, Associate Cui'ator; A. C. Peale, 

Aid ; F. H. Knowlton, Custodian of Mesozoic Plants. 
Associate in Mineralogy : L. T. Chamberlain. 
Associate in Paleontology : Charles A. White. 
Associate in Paleobotany : Lester F. Ward. 
Department of Mineral Technology: 

Charles D. Walcott, Curator, 
National Gallery' of Art : 

William H. Holmes, Curator. 

ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. 

Chief of Correspondence and Documents: It. I. (Jeare. 

Disbursing Agent : W. I. Adams. 

Superintendent of Construction and Labor : J. S. Goldsmith. 

Editor: Marcus Benjamin. 

Editorial Assistant :, E, S. Steele. 

Assistant Librarian : N. P. Scudder. 

Photographer : T. W. Smillie. 

Registrar : S. C. Brown. 

Property Clerk : W. A. Knowles. 



LIST OF ACCESSIOXS TO THE COLLECTIONS DURING 
THE FISCAL YEAR 1907-1008. 

[Except wlicm otherwise indicated, the specimens were presented or were transferred by 
bureaus of the Government in accordance with law.] 



Abce, Cleveland, jr., Washington, 
D. C. : German and Austrian calves 
(12409: loan). 

Abbott, W. L., Singapore, Straits Set- 
tlements: A large and valuable col- 
lection of ethnological and natural 
history specimens from Sumatra and 
ad.i'acent islands (4756G) ; a large 
and very interesting collection of 
material illustrating the manners 
and customs of the Dyaks, and of 
natural history specimens, including 
mammals, birds, reptiles, etc., from 
Borneo (48220). 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. : Collection of birds' 
skins, Formicariidae (488(38: loan). 

Adler, Cyrus, Smithsonian Institu- 
tion : Pair of Jewish phylacteries 
from Jerusalem (480G4), 

Agriculture, Department of : 

Bureau of Animal Iiidusfry: Skin 
and skeleton of a female Grevy ze- 
bra from Abyssinia (47992). 

Bureau of Biologieal Hurre;/: 3 
living cacti, Oiiuiitia, collected in 
Colorado by Merritt Cary (4Tr)")2) ;. 
2 living cacti, Opuntia, collected by 
Yernon Bailey at Warren, Cal. 
(47568) ; 3 cacti, Opuntia, collected 
by Vernon Bailey in California 
(47627) : 5 plants from California 
collected by Vei'uon Bailey (47628) ; 
2 cacti, Opuntia, from California col- 
lected by E. A. Goldman (47629) ; 
lizard from China (47630) ; speci- 
men of living cactus, Opuntia, frcnn 
Colorado (47638) ; 31 flies (476.->l) ; 
2 plants from California collected 



Agriculture, Department of — Cont'd, 
by Yernon Bailey (47652) ; plants 
from Colorado collected by Merritt 
Cary (47653) ; 12 specimens of Dip- 
tera from the District of Columbia 
and vicinity (47708) ; living cacti, 
Opuntia. collected in Colorado by 
Merritt Cary (47711); 2 plants, 
Pinus, collected in Colorado by Mer- 
ritt Cary (47735) ; 5 specimens of 
living cacti, Opuntia, collected in 
California by Yernon Bailey 
(47804) ; living specimen of cactus, 
Opuntia, collected in California by 
Yernon Bailey (47811) ; 2 specimens 
of Juniperus oeeidentalis collected 
in Siskiyou County, Cal.. by C. Hart 
Merriam (47825) ; plants collected 
in Colorado by Merritt Cary 
(47838) ; 2 living cacti. Opuntia, co\- 
lected in California by A'ernon 
Bailey (47888) : living specimen of 
cactus, Opuntia, collected in Cali- 
fornia by Yernon Bailey (4797S) ; 
7 plants collected in Colorado by 
Merritt Cary (48017) : specimen of 
living plant, Dudlei/a, collected in 
California by E. A. Goldman 
(48020) ; 2 living cacti. Opuntia. col- 
lected in California by Yernon 
Bailey (4802.S) ; 14 plants collected 
in California I)y E. A. Goldman 
(480.59) ; 3 living cacti, Opuntia, 
collected in Colorado by ^Merritt 
Cary (48073) ; 2 specimens of cacti, 
Opuntia, collected in Washington 
and North Dakota (48125) ; 4 plants 
collected by ]\Ierritt Cary in Colo- 
rado (48137) ; 6 plants from Ne- 
braska collected by Merritt Cary 



68 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



AGRicrLTURE, Dkpartmknt OF — Cont'd. 
(4S1T9) ; 2 living plants, Crassu- 
laceae, obtained by E. A. (loldnian, 
from Berkeley, Cal. (48215) ; 12 
birds in alcohol, 3 spiders and a 
leech (48259) ; 3 species of land and 
fresh-water shells from California 
(48336) ; S3 plants collected by 
Vernon Bailey in the western sec- 
tion of the United States (48353) ; 
G living plants, DiuUeija, collected in 
California by E. A. Goldman 
(48382) ; specimen of sedge, Carex 
nehiaskcnsis, from California, col- 
lected by C. Hart Merriam (4843S) ; 
21 plants collected in Colorado by 
Merritt Cary (48616) : 2 plants 
from California (4S621) ; 2 plants 
collected in Louisiana by A. H. 
Howell (4SGGS) : 2 plants, Amchin- 
clticr, collected in the District of 
Columbia by W. L. McAfee (48715) ; 
plant. Agave deserti, from Cali- 
fornia, collected by Yernon Bailey 
(48728). 

Bureau of Entomolofjij: 42 speci- 
mens of Lepidoptera collected in 
Mexico by R. Miiller (47546) ; 14 
mosquitoes collected at Stockton and 
transmitted by H. J. Quayle, Berke- 
ley, Cal. (47.560) ; 43 specimens of 
Lepidoptera from R. Miiller, Mexico 
City, Mexico (47575) ; about 100 
specimens of insects, mostly larvae, 
collected by John R. Johnston, Bu- 
reau of Plant Industry, in connec- 
tion with his investigations of the 
"bud rot" of the cocoanut palm in 
the West Indies (47607) ; 102 speci- 
mens of Hemiptera from various 
sources, principally collected by E. 
S. G. Titus (47608) ; reptiles and 
a crustacean collected by George P. 
Goll, in Guatemala (47615) ; large 
collection of insects from the Canal 
Zone, Panama, made by Mr. August 
Busek in the summer of 1907 
(47667) ; 42 Lepidoptera from R. 
Miiller, Mexico City, Mexico 
(47746) ; 79 specimens of Lepidop- 
tera from R. Miiller (47755) ; 57 
specimens of Hymenoptera. types of 
new species (47835) ; specimen of 



Agkiculture, Department of — Cont'd. 
Ldinpronoln innrpiiutta (47836) ; 50 
insects from Dr. A. Duges, Guana- 
juato, Mexico (47842) ; 24 slides of 
CoUcmhoJd and Thysanurn from 
Mrs. F. L. Harvey, Orono, Me. 

(47848) : 14 insects from Rev. A. H. 
Mauee, Southern Pines, N. C. 

(47849) ; about 50 insects, mostly 
Hymenoptera (47864) ; 3 specimens 
of Coleoptera and 1 of Hymenoptera 
from Rev, A. H. :Manee (47892) ; 
10 specimens of an isopod, Armadil- 
Hdiiim rnlffarc, from Waco, Tex., 
collected by Paul Hauhurst (48088) ; 
51 specimens of Lepidoptera from 
Mexico, collected by R. Miiller 
(48131) ; about 1,000 specimens of 
Lepidoptera from Texas, resulting 
from the cotton-boll weevil investi- 
gations (48160) ; 2 nests of a but- 
terfly, Eucheira socialis, from Mex- 
ico (48161) ; isopod, Ligijda exotica, 
from the Azores, collected by L. O. 
Howard, and an isopod, Metoponor- 
tlius pruinosus, from Dalton, Tex., 
collected by W. Dwight Pierce 
(48165) ; 600 specimens of named 
Hymenoptera (48218) ; about 200 in- 
sects from Mexico sent by Frederick 
Knab (48224) ; about 200 insects 
from Mexico, collected by F. Knab 
(48242) ; 40 specimens of .Lepidop- 
tera from Mexico obtained by R. 
Miiller (482.58) ; 291 specimens of 
Hemiptera obtained from Robert 
Meusel, Kismaros, Nograd-megye, 
Hungary (48264) ; about 250 Insects 
collected by F. Knab in Cordoba, 
Mexico (48307) ; about 80 insects 
collected by E. G. Kelly at Manhat- 
tan, Kans. (48309) ; about 50 larvae 
and cocoons of • Lepidoptera from 
North China, collected by F. N. 
Meyer (48365) ; 12 chironomid flies 
(48358) ; 40 specimens of Lepidop- 
tera from Mexico, collected by R. 
Miiller (48375) ; 7 flies obtained 
from Y. A. E. Daecke, Philadelphia, 
Pa. (48376) ; 5 flies from Dr. D. 
Lahille. Argentina (48.377) ; 1,148 
specimens of Coleoptera, mainly 
European, but including a few from 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



69 



Agriculture, Department of — Cont'd. 
Javii (48408) ; 2 isopods, PorcclUo 
(lilatatus, from California (48433) ; 
about 50 insects collected by O. W. 
Barrett (4S4G5) ; about 300 speci- 
mens of Lepidoptera from Mexico, 
collected by F. Kuab (48468) ; 10 
specimens of Diptera and 2 of Hy- 
menoptera from B. Bilgeu, Para- 
maribo, Surinam (48477) ; 50 speci- 
mens of Lepidoptera (lot 24) col- 
lected by R. Miiller (48487) ; about 
100 mosquitoes, larvae on slides and 
in alcohol, obtained by Dr. James 
Aiken, British Guiana (48401): 
about 250 specimens of Lepidoptera, 
collected by F. Knab in Mexico 
(48510) ; 41 specimens of Lepidop- 
tera from H. Lacy, Kerrville, Tex. 
(48522) : 6 specimens of Diptera 
from Para, Brazil, sent by Carl F. 
Baker (48533) ; 3 specimens of Hy- 
menoptera of the group Apheleninae 
(48534) ; 2 specimens of Ilymenop- 
tera from Hawaii (48542) ; 6 speci- 
mens of Hymenoptera from Nathan 
Banks (48.548) ; 11 parasitic Hyme- 
noptera bred from Cccidoinijia by 
H. A. Ballon, Antigua, West Indies 
(48562) ; about 75 seed pods of 
Yucca containing larvae, probably of 
Proniiba (48573) ; 7 specimens of 
Hymenoptera, types and cotypes of 
CosmocoiHoidca morriUii (48574) ; 
about 300 specimens of Lepidoptera 
from Mexico, collected by F. Knab 
(48575) : 4 specimens of Hymenop- 
tera, Paniphilitis pcrsicum, from W. 
B. Britton, New Haven, Conn. 
(48581) : 46 specimens of Lepidop- 
tera from R. Miiller, ^Mexico City 
(48595) ; 3 specimens of Diptera, 
types of Zijgobothria nidicola and 
Tachnia utilis, bred at the Gypsy 
Moth Laboratory, Melrose High- 
lands, Mass. (48.599) ; 2 specimens 
of Lepidoptera and 2 noctuids 
(48608) ; 21 specimens of Lepidop- 
tera and 2 of Hymenoptera (48617) ; 
5 mosquitoes, J^den tccniorhynchus, 
from La Boca, Panama (48264); 19 
specimens of Lepidoptera from E. S. 
Tucker, Texas (48634) ; about 500 



Agriculture, Department of — Cont'd, 
insects collected by F. Knab in 
Mexico (48641); 7 specimens of 
Lepidoptera, Tctralopha siibcanilis 
(48642) ; about 500 specimens of 
Lepidoptera obtained by F. Knab in 
Mexico (48645) ; about 500 speci- 
mens of I>epidoptera obtained by F. 
Knab in Mexico (486.53) ; 21 speci- 
mens of Lepidoptera from E. S. G. 
Titus (48664) ; .39 specimens of 
Lepidoptera obtained by R. Miiller 
in Mexico (48689) ; 16 slides of in- 
sects ( 48694 ) ; 237 specimens of Lep- 
idoptera from Texas -(48705) ; about 
1,000 specimens of Lepidoptera from 
Mexico, collected by F. Knab 
(48742) ; about 200 specimens of 
Lepidoptera collected by F. Knab 
(48751) ; Limacodid larva, Lepidop- 
tera (48764) ; about 4,000 specimens 
of Hymenoptera collected in the vi- 
cinity of Washington. D. C, by H. H. 
Smith (48765) ; 2 lepidopterous lar- 
vae from Florida (48766) ; about 
2.600 specimens of Hymenoptera, in- 
cluding many types, belonging to the 
subfamily Encyrtinae( 48856) ; about 
6,000 insects collected in Mexico by 
F. Kuab (48886) ; 11 ants from 
Tahiti, and an Encyrtid from Cape 
Town, Africa (48898) ; 4 specimens 
of Hymenoptera and 2 specimens of 
Diptera from California (48899) ; 
20 siiecimens of Lepidoptera, Acro- 
hasis sp. ; 15 specimens of Megastig- 
iiiiis collaris ( Hymeuoptei'a ) and 3 
specimens of Sgiitomasins drufontm 
(Hymenoptera) (48900) ; tree-frogs 
from Mexico (48921). 

Bureau of Plant Industry: 139 
plants collected by F. Y. Coville in 
Oregon (47642) ; specimen of living 
cactus. Opuntia, collected by O. F. 
Cook in Guatemala (47668) ; plants 
collected by C. R. Ball in Texas 
(47695) ; 5 specimens of living cacti, 
Opuntia, collected in Texas by C. R. 
Ball (47718) ; 18 specimens of living 
Cactaceae and Crassulaceae, collected 
in Texas by F. I^. Lewton and R. M. 
Meade (47766) ; 3 specimens of Ju- 
niper us pinchoti, collected in Texas 



70 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



AoRicri.TrKi:, Department of — Cont'd, 
by ('. V. riper (47S05) ; between 
200 iind SOU insects collected in 
Guatemala by Argyle McLaughlan 
(47S45) ; o living orchids from Flor- 
ida collected by Mrs. Agnes Cbase 
(47870) ; 165 specimens of Harvey's 
"Maine weeds and forage plants" 
(47909) ; 1,640 grasses from various 
localities (47958) ; 3 plants collected 
in Porto Rico by L. H. Dewey 
(48027) ; a collection of 2,550 grasses 
from various parts of the United 
States, many of tbem having been 
collected by Yirginius H. Chase, 
Wady Petra. III. (48037) ; 28 plants 
from central New York, obtained by 
W. W. Rowlee (48052) ; 5 plants 
(48072) ; 2 living plants, Echinocc- 
reus riridiflonis, collected in Texas 
by C. R. Ball (48297) ; 234 plants 
collected in Mexico iu 1907 by W. E. 
Safford (48379) ; 4 living plants, 
Diidlcija piilvcrulcnta and Echino- 
cactus viridcsccns, collected by ^Y. T. 
Swingle in California (48437) ; 2 
living specimens of Z)»(7/r//f/ collected 
iu California by W. T. Swingle 
(48478) : 16 plants collected by C. Y. 
Piper in the southwestern part of 
Yirginia (48779). 

Expcrimoit Stations: 24 specimens 
of Alaskan plants collected by Miss 
E. F. Woolsey (48129) ; 59 speci- 
mens of Hawaiian algae collected by 
Miss Miunie Reed, of the Kamaha- 
meha schools and transmitted by the 
Hawaiian Experiment Station 
(47822). 

Forest Service: Specimen of living 
cactus, Opuntia, collected in Utah 
by I. Tidestrom (47712) ; specimen 
of cactus, Oinnitio. and a package of 
seeds collected by I. Tidestrom 
(47767); 5 living plants, Echinoce- 
reus, collected in Utah by I. Tide- 
strom (4778G) ; 10 specimens of liv- 
ing cacti, Opuntia, collected in Utah 
by I. Tidestrom (47801) ; living cac- 
tus, Opuntia, collected iu Colorado 
by I. Tidestrom (47854) ; 5 speci- 
mens of living cacti, , Echinoccreus 
sp., from Hugo, Utah (47910) ; 2 



A(;i;u ii.TUKi;, Department of — Cont'd, 
living siiecimens of cacti, Opuntia, 
collected in Utah by I. Tidestrom 
(47977) ; about 500 plants collected 
by I. Tidestrom in Utah (48199) ; 
245 plants from Oregon collected by 
Messrs. Sampson and I'ierson 
(48214); 108 plants collected iu 
Oregon by James T. Jardine (48326) ; 
specimen of living cactus, Opuntia, 
from Arizona, collected liy I. Tide- 
strom (48572) : 39 plants collected 
in Arizona by I. Tidestrom (48092). 

Agriculture Department, Fisheries 
Branch of. (See under Dublin, Ire- 
land.) 

Ainsley, C. X., Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. C. : Siteci- 
men of two-winged fly, Opsebius 
sulphuripes (48430). 

Albany Museum. (See under Gra- 
hamstown. Cape Colony, South 
Africa. ) 

Aldrich, Helen F., Wilmington, 

Mass. : Spider, Epeira insularis 

(47981). 
Aldrich, J. M., Moscow, Idaho : 15 

specimens of flies, Helomyzidae 

(48812: exchange). 

Aldridge. C. p., Roanoke, Ya. : Worm 
known among fishermen as the 
"dob son," CorydaUs cornutus 
(48864). 

Alexander, Charles P., Johnstown, 
N. Y. : 3 s]iecimens of Iliimcnoptera 
( 48404 ) . 

Alexander, William H., Empire, Ca- 
nal Zone, Panama : Beetle, Acroci- 
nus lonfjimanus (48917). 

Alfaro, Anastasio. San Jose, Costa 
Rica, Central America : Reptiles and 
batrachiaus from Costa Rica (48560) ; 
10 skins of Cistotliorus pohjglottus 
lucidus from Costa Rica (48880). 

Allaire, C. B., San Antonio, Tex. : 2 
specimens of cactus, Opuntia 
(48903). 

Allen, John A., Cleveland, Ohio : An- 
acharis associated with living speci- 
mens of Aneylus and Planorljis from 
Ohio (48128). 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MXTSEXJM, 1908. 



71 



Allkn, R. a., jr.. U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Arrow points and fragments 
of pottery from Terrapin Neck, 
Amelia County. Va. (48105). 

American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York City: Collection of 
fossil mammals (48172 : exchange) ; 
plan and sketch Illustrating the 
xleatli drum from the Bismarck 
Archipelago (4S16G) ; 2 casts each 
of the fore and hind feet of Cnmp- 
tosaurus dispar (48821 : exchange) ; 
29 specimens of Formicariidae 
(48914: loan). 

Anderson. Rev. R. W., Eagle Pass, 
Tex. : Large noctuid moth. Erehus 
odora (47576). 

Andrews, Miss E. F., Montgomery, 
Ala. : 2 specimens of Argemone from 
Alabama (48829). 

Appleton, Eben. New York City : The 
flag which floated over Fort INIc- 
Henry when Key composed " The 
Star Spangled Banner" (12341: 
loan). 

d'Aquino, J. L. F., Shanghai, China: 
109 birds' eggs from China (47937: 
purchase). 

Archenhold, Dr. F. S.. Treptow- 
Sternwarte, Treptow bei Berlin. Ger- 
many : 2 specimens of moldavite 
(48419: exchange). 

Babbitt, Col. E. B.. U. S. Army 
(through Capt. Frank R. McCoy, 
U. S. Army) : 2 heads of wild car- 
abao from northern Luzon (4S425). 

Back, Ernest A., Orlando, Fla. : 
Moth, Syntomeida ipomoeae (47744). 

Bailey, J. W. T.. Atkins, Ark.: Pho- 
tograph of a collection of Indian 
relics belonging to Mr. Bailey 
(48G47). 

Baker, Carl F., Santiago de las Vegas, 
Cuba : Specimen of cereus fruit 
from Cuba (47656: exchange); 157 
specimens of Lepidoptera (47675) ; 
9 specimens of ferns (47875) ; a set 
of economic plants from various 
parts of the world (47970: ex- 
change) ; 75 specimens of Lepi- 



Baker, Carl F. — Continued. 

doptera (4S594) ; about 75 specimens 
of Lepidoptera, chiefly from Brazil 
(48640) ; about 50 specimens . of 
Lepidoptera (48814). 

Baker, Charles, Paducah, Ky. : Albino 
raccoon. Pi'ocj/iiii lotor (48654: 
purchase). 
Baker, F. H., Richmond, Victoria. 
Australia : 60 shells from Australia 
(47896; 48.391: exchange): photo- 
graph of Vohitd r(j(i(I},-iii(/li1i : 28 
specimens representing 11 species of 
marine shells from Australia (48076) . 
Balderston, John L.. Kenuett Square, 
Pa. : Specimen of plant, Centaurea, 
from Pennsylvania (47856) : 2 
specimens of Staclius gvnnanica 
from Pennsylvania (48905). 
Bales, Ernest, V. S. National Mu- 
seum : Spanish boatswain's whistle 
from a wrecked vessel at Cavite 
(48674) ; 7 specimens — larvae, pupae, 
and adult — of Vcspn ntaculata. from 
Fairfax County, Va. (4SS57). 
Ballou, H. a. (received through the 
Bureau of Entomology, Department 
of Agriculture) : About 250 speci- 
mens of Lepidoptera from St. Lucia 
and Dominica, West Indies (48839). 
Bamberg. Paul. Friedenau bei Berlin. 
Germany : 638 species of fossils from 
the upper Jurassic. Eocene, Miocene, 
Pliocene, and Oligocene of Europe 
(48855: exchange). 
Bangs, Outram, Boston, Mass. : 10 
specimens of SchispJionis fftiminuhi 
from Costa Rica (48365) ; 144 birds' 
skins from Costa Rica ( 48623 : ex- 
change ) . 
Banks, Nathan, Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. C. : 2 bees, 
Xeopasitcs sp., from near Falls 
Church, \n., and a specimen of 
Eucerocoris guttuhitHn from the 
same locality (47561 : 47674). 
Barber, H. S., U. S. National Museum : 
Skin and skull of a porcupine, Erc- 
tltizon, from near Crab Lake, Vilas 
County, Wis. ; insects found on vari- 
ous fungi (48106). 



72 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Barber, Manly D., Knoxville, Tenn. : 
About 500 specimens of Ordoviciau 
fossils from the vicinity of Knox- 
ville (47721: exchange); 33 speci- 
mens of Mississippi fossils (481 23). 

Barber, V. S., Washington, D. C. : 
Chain with links of coiled stem, ob- 
tained from the Digger Indians of 
California (48186). 

Barbour, Thomas, Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass. : 
2 frogs from Ecuador and a lizard 
from the Bonin Islands (48333). 

Barclay, George C, Newport News, 
Va. : 5 stone implements (47824); 
6 fragments of pottery (48156). 

Barrott, a. F., Washington, D. C. : 
Human lower jaw from a burial- 
mound at Bassett, Mississippi 
County, Ark. (47670) ; sphere of 
granite from Spencer, Tioga County, 
N. Y. (480.54). 

Bartlett, C. L., Bristol, Vt. : Fern, 
Osn}i()i(lia, from Vermont (48943). 

Bartlett, H. H., Gray Herbarium, 
Cambridge, ISIass. : 3 specimens of 
Laciniaria from Georgia (48005). 

Bartram, Edwin B., Wayne, Pa. : 49 
plants from Virginia, New Jersey, 
etc. (48401). 

Bayley, Ivan A., Sydney Mines, Nova 
Scotia: Sea mouse, Aphrodifa aru- 
leata (47539). 

Beach, Sumner, Wilder. Mont. : 5 

stone implements (47817). 
Bean, Dr. Robert Bennett, Manila. 

P. I. : Anatomical specimens (48849). 
Becker, Th., Liegnitz, Germany : 2 

dipterous insects, Dicraeiis obscurus, 

from southern Europe (48517). 

Bell, Dr. Alexander Graham, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Collection of tele- 
phonic apparatus, including the re- 
maining parts of the first speaking 
telephone and originals of many 
early forms of telephone (48850: 
loan ) . 

Benedict, J. E., Jr., Woodside, Md. ; 4 
crayfishes from North Carolina 
(48203). 



Benguiat, Hadji Ephraim, New York 
City: Jewish religious ceremonial 
objects (48385: loan). 

Benjamin, Marcus, V. S. National 
IMuseum : Photograph of troi)hy 
awarded by the Scientific American 
for " heavier-than-air " flying ma- 
chines (47841) ; platinum-alcohol 
cigar lighter (47850). 

Berlin, Germ.\ny, Konigl. Zoolo- 
gisches Museum : 110 specimens of 
Orthoptera (4S049: exchange). 

Berlin, Germany, Royal Botanical 
Museum : 670 jilants, obtained main- 
ly from cultivation (48159: ex- 
change). 

Beveridge, Hon. Albert J., United 
States Senate : Swords, weapons, 
and other articles collected in the 
Philippine Islands, Japan, and else- 
where in the Far East (48702: 
loan). 

Bickley, F. D. T., Marietta, Ohio: 
Stone implements from camping 
grounds of the Six Nations, New 
York State (48188). 

Biddle, Lydia Spencer, Washington, 
D. C. : Silver pitcher, 1750, and sil- 
ver sugar bowl, 1780 (48801: loan). 

Biedebman, C. R.. Palmerlee. Ariz. : 
specimens of Coleoptera from near 
the mouth of Millers Canon, Hua- 
chuca Mountains, Ariz. (48016). 

Bienkowski, a., Ancon, Canal Zone, 
Panama : Costumes worn by the In- 
dians of Veraguas and other places 
in the interior of the Republic of 
Panama ; nest of an " Oropindola " 
(48141). 

Bigelow, William Sturgis, Boston, 
Mass. : One of the earliest bicycles 
made in the United States (47725). 

Bird, Henry, Rye, N. Y. : 6 moths. 5 
cotypes of Hydroccias. and a Tineid, 
G nori mo-svJt ciiia gaUaesoIidnginis 
(48317). 

Bisset, Peter, Washington, D. C. : 
Plants, jSlymphaea (47603). 

BiTZ, Franklin W., Baltimore, Md. : 
Human skull from the ruins of an 
Inca city in Bolivia (48094). 



EEPORT O'F NATIOKAL MUSEUM, 1908, 



IS 



Black, Lieut. Fkioj. F., Ti. S. Army, 
Fort Liscum, Alaska : 60 plants from 
Alaska (48472). 

Rlackiston, a. H., El Paso, Tex. : 
Arclieological material from the 
Casas Graudes Valley, Chilmaliua, 
Mexico (48488, 12355, 12511, 12571). 
Loan. 

Blake, F. P., Imperial, Cal. : Snake, 
Chionactis annulatus (48428). 

Blanchard, W. H., Westminster, Yt. : 
203 plants, Riihus, Amchinchirr and 
Bcttila, from the northeastern part 
of the United States and Canada 
(48596: purchase). 

Blaxkingship. O. F., Richmond, Ya. : 
Samples of diatomaceous earth from 
several localities in P.ichmond 
(48479). 

Blankinship, J. W., Steglitz, Berlin, 
Germany : 189 specimens of plants 
from Montana (48859: purchase). 

Blumer, .7. C, Paradise, Ariz. : 15 
living plants from Arizona (47973). 

Blumer, Mrs. J. C. Paradise. Ariz. : 2 
plants from Arizona (47626). 

Boston Society of Natural History, 
Boston. Mass. : 136 specimens of 
Lepidoptera collected by Owen Bry- 
ant (48551). 

Botanical Garden and Institute of 
the Royal University. (See under 
Yienna, Austria.) 

Botanical Museum of the Universi- 
ty of Lausanne. (See under Lau- 
sanne, Switzerland.) 

Botanical Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania, Pittsburg, Pa. : 2 plants, 
Lactuca, from Pennsylvania (48.327). 

Boulenger, G. A. (See under Egyp- 
tian Government.) 

BowDoiN, Mrs. James S., AYashington, 
D. C. : Piece of Rhodian embroidery 
(48800: loan). 

Boyadjian, Benjamin H., Mersina, 
Turkey in Asia : Wax impressions 
of the seal of a ring (48496). 



I'.randegee, T. S., Berkeley, Cal. : Liv- 
ing plant, Ccrciis vngans. from 
Mexico (47733: exchange): 5 Mexi- 
can ferns (48602) ; fern from Mex- 
ico (48644). 

Braun, Miss Annette F., Cincinnati, 
Ohio : 24 specimens of Microlepidop- 
tera (4804.3, 48.523). 

Rreen Stone Company. St. Paul, 
Minn. : 2 samples of marble from 
Kasota, Minn. (48389). 

Brewer, Isaac W., Fort Huachuca, 
Ariz.: Several specimens of Pliysa 
from Huachuca Canon, Ariz. (47907). 

Brewer, S. W.. Singer Glen, Ya. : Cop- 
lierhead, Affkistrodoti contortrix 
(47.540). . 

Bricklayers Company of the City 
and County of Philadelphia, Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. (received through 
William Smith, chairman of commit- 
tee on history) : An engraved illus- 
tration entitled " Plans of house 
in which Thomas Jefferson wrote 
the Declaration of Independence " 
(48590). 

Brimley, C. S.. Raleigh, N. C. : 82 
specimens of Lepidoptera (47641; 
47748; 48274; 483.35; 48.374). 

Brimley Brothers, Raleigh, N. C. : 2 
specimens of Amphiuma (47703: 
purchase). 

Brinton, Mrs. Frederic C, West Ches- 
ter, Pa. : Marble-top table formerly 
owned by Thomas Jefferson (48163). 

Brjnton, J. Percy, West Chester, Pa. : 
Photograph of the late Dr. D. G. 
Brinton (48184). 

British Museum (Natural History). 
(See under London, England.) 

Broadway, W. E., Port-of-Spain, Trini- 
dad: 3 plants, Cissus (48238: pur- 
chase). 

Brodie, W.. Toronto, Canada : 4 garter 
snakes from Canada (48262). 

Bromley. Howard. Farmville, Ya. : 
Specimen of tortoise-beetle, Copto- 
cycla pallida (47833). 



Y4 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908, 



Brooklyn, New York, The ^Museum, 
Institute of Arts and Sciences : 5 
Longiforu l)ept]es (4S42<J: ex- 
change) ; ethnological specimens 
from the cliff dwi'llcrs of the CafKiiis 
de Chelly and del Muerto, Ariz. 
(48501 : exchange) ; 3 specimens of 
Hymeuoptera from Surinam (48655) : 
Porno Indian tule boat with wooden 
paddles (4SGG1) : exchange). 

Brooks, Lewis, Santiago de Cuba : 
Large cral), Mitlirax sinnosissimufi 
(47541). 

Brown, E. J.. Lemon City, Fla. : Fishes, 
reptiles, insects, and invertebrates 
from Florida (48597). 

Brown, Mrs. Giles Gorton, Battle 
Creek, Mich. : 25 photographs illus- 
trating the native life of the Tamils, 
a people of northeastern Ceylon 
(48672). 

Brown, H. H., Gleuwood, Cal. : Larva 
of a caddis fly (47545). 

Brown, Hiram, Fi-anklin, Pa. : 10 spec- 
imens of " mud puppy," Cryptobran- 
cJiiis (47793: purchase). 

Brown, William. OU Center, Cal.: 
Praying mantis. Fitafnnontantia Ihn- 
hata (479o5). 

Bettssels, Belgium. .Jardin Bota- 
nique de l'Etat : 42 plants, mainly 
ferns, from tropical America (48579: 
exchange). 

Bryant, Owen, Cohasset, Mass. : 48 
birds' skins from Newfoundland 
(47837) ; 3 specimens of lizard, 
Sj)liacro(lact>/1ufi. from Andros 
Island, Bahamas (48657). 

Buchanan, William P., Washington. 
D. C. : Anatomical specimen (48824). 

BucKHOUT, W. A., State College, Pa,: 
Berries of Gaultheria proctwibrnf) 
from Pennsylvania (48126), 

Buckler, C. Howard, Washington, 
D. C. : Old style, wooden bicycle 
with iron tires, etc. (47898). 

Bud.^pest, Hungary, Hungarian Na- 
tional Museum : 70 specimens of 
Chrysididae (47644; exchange). 



Burbank, Luther, Santa Rosa, Cal. : 
3 flowers of Nopalea sp.. from culti- 
vation (47775) ; specimen of living 
spineless cacti, Opnntia (47950). 

BuscK, August, Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. C. : Concre- 
tion from the Culebra cut, Canal 
Zone. Panama (47666) ; bats; skin 
and skull of jioreupine from Panama 
(47697: collected for the Museum) : 
reptiles and batrachians from the 
Canal Zone, Panama (47759) ; 13 
specimens of Lepidoptera from 
Maryland (48635) ; 12 specimens of 
H.vmenoptera. parasitic on spider's 
eggs, from Hyattsville, Md, (48699) ; 
75 specimens of Lepidoptera (48746) , 

Bush, B. F., Courtney, Mo. : 125 
plants from Missouri and other lo- 
calities (47800: purchase and 48226 : 
exchange). 

Bl'tler. J. H.. jr., Youngstown. Ohio : 
Photographs of Indian portraits in 
Mr. Butler's collection (48290). 

Buysmann, :M., Lawang, Pascercean. 
Java: 100 ferns from Java (48248: 
purchase). 

Calcutta, India, Royal Botanic Gar- 
den (received through the Royal 
Botanic Gardens, Kew. England) : 
39 plants from Tibet (47772: ex- 
change). 

Caldwell, Rev. Harry. Ernest B., 
and Eden F.. Ngu-cheng, China : 218 
insects, mostly butterflies, from 
Sharp Peak Island, near Foochow, 
collected in 1907 (47826). 

California. University or, Berkeley, 
Cal, : Plants and a fern from Lower 
California and Mexico (47751; 
48096; 48111; exchange); plant 
from Lower California (48008). 

Cambridge, Mass., Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology : 2 toads from 
Bengal (48740) : 5 snakes. Dm- 
(lophis (48,346 : loan) ; 95 crinoids 
(47928: exchange). 

Cannon, W. A., Tucson, Ariz. : Speci- 
men of living cactus, Opunfia, from 
Arizona (48754). 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



75 



Carnegie Hero P'und Commission. 
Pittsburg. Pa. : A specimen of the 
Carnegie hero fuud medal in silver 
(48706). 

Carnegie Institution, Washington. 
D. C. : Ordoviciau fossils from 
China collected by Bailey Willis and 
Eliot Blackwelder (47G1S) ; 15 speci- 
mens of cacti. Opuiitht. from Ari- 
zona (47839) ; seeds of cactus, 
Opiintia, from Arizona, collected by 
Dr. D. T. MacDougal (47908) ; 6 
living cacti. Opuntia, from Arizona 
(47917) ; seeds of cacti, OituntUt. 
from Arizona (47951) ; 87 dried 
plants, 14 cacti, and seeds from 
Souora, Mexico, received through 
Dr. I). T. MacDougal (48168) ; re- 
cent corals, geological specimens, 
and bottom samples from the Flor- 
ida coast, keys and reefs (48922). 

Carson, William vS.. Kalama, Wash. : 
Samples of coprolites from Salmon 
Creek, Wash. (48695). 

Casa Grande Excavations, 1907 : 
About 1.000 specimens of stone im- 
plements, pottery, basketry, fabrics, 
etc.. resulting from explorations 
and excavations conducted at the 
Casa Grande Ruin. Ariz., by Dr. J. 
Walter Fewkes. 1906-1907. under a 
special appropriation in the sun- 
dry civil act appi-oved June 30, 
19<»6 (48761). 

Casey, Col. Thomas L., U. S. Army, 
Washington, D. C. : Specimen of 
Omophron gemma from the type 
set (48356). 

Central Experimental Farm, De- 
partment OF Agriculture. (See 
under Ottawa, Canada.) 

Chagnon, G., Montreal, Canada : 9 
specimens of Hymenoptera (47613). 

Chamberlain. Edward B.. New York 
City: 2 mosses from Japan (48011). 

Chapin, Guy. Dunn Loring. Ya. : 
Specimen of Samia cecropin with 
eggs (48832). 

Chappelean. Mary Y.. Benedict. ^Id. : 
Specimen of luna moth. Actios luna 
(48837). 



Chase, Y. H., Wady Petra, 111.: 206 
plants from Illinois (48122 : ex- 
change). 

Chicago, University of, Chicago, 111. : 
75 guttapercha impressions of type 
specimens of invertebrate fossils 
(47840) ; plant, Lycopodium pithyoi- 
dcs, from Jahipa, ^lexico (47919: 
exchange). 

Chittenden, F. II., Bureau of Ento- 
mology. Department of Agriculture. 
Washington, D. C. : 225 specimens of 
Coleoptera from Yenezuela (48104). 

Clark, Austin H., Bureau of Fish- 
eries, Washington, D. C. : 44 micro- 
scopic slides of Glossiphonia st ag- 
nails and G. parasitica (48115). 

Clark, H. Walton, Bureau of Fish- 
eries, Washington, D. C. : 2 plants 
collected in Indiana and the District 
of Columbia (48530) ; living speci- 
mens of Ancylus from Piney Branch, 
D. C. (48663) ; plant. Viola sp., col- 
lected in Elaine by W. C. Kendall 
(48713). 

Clemens. Ilev. Joseph, Fort Douglas, 
Utah: Plants from Mindanao, Phil- 
ippine Islands (48547). 

Clendenin, R. H.. Martinsdale. Mont. : 
Specimen of barite (47750). 

CocKERELL, T. D. A., Boulder, Colo. : 
14 insects, including the type of a 
Lepidopteron (48461) ; 11 specimens 
representing 2 species of Hymenop- 
tera (48643) ; 27 specimens of Dip- 
tera, 6 specimens of Hymenoptera 
and nest-cells of a bee, Anthophora 
forbcsi (48652). (See also under 
.S. A. Rohwer.) 

CoDMAN, Miss M. C, Washington, 
D. C. : 2 pieces of lace, point d'Angle- 
terre and Yandyke point, and 5 
pieces of pottery (48804: loan). 

Coffin, Selden J.. Easton. Pa. : The 
distributing portion of Prof. James. 
H, Coffin's self-recording anemometer 
(47594). 

Coleman, Mr., Old Point Comfort, Ya. : 
Piece of anchor rope of the boat in 
which Captain Slocum sailed from 
South America to this country 
(.48393). 



76 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Columbia University. (See under 
New York City.) 

Collins, Frank S., Maiden, Mass. : 50 
specimens of North American al,u;ie; 
fascicle xxix of the "' Phycotheca 
Boreali-Americana " of Collins, Hol- 
den, and Satchell (:4S37S) ; 50 speci- 
mens of al.iiae fascicle, 30 of " Phy- 
cotheca Boreali-Americana " (4.S!)02 : 
purchase). 

Colorado, Museum of the UNI^'ERSITY' 
OF, Boulder, Colo. : Types of the 
species Acantlioceras coloradense, 
Toliitodcniia clafirortlnji. Capuliis 
spangleri, Anaihm dnddsi, and Scr- 
piila nttirl:iiiniii (48444). 

CoLTON, H. S., Philadelphia, Pa.: 3 
specimens of Toms mercenaria 
chipped by shells of Fiilgur carica 
(48791). 

Comeau, Napoleon A., Godbont. Que- 
bec, Canada : Skin of an albino spec- 
imen of Ilarclda hjicmaUfi (48583). 

Commerce and I>abor. Department of : 
Bureau of Fisheries: Fishes, mol- 
lusks, and marine invertebrates col- 
lected by the steamer Spray, of Bos- 
ton, during the winter and spring of 
1906-7 (47586) ; a collection of fishes 
from the vicinity of Beaufort, S. C. 
(47593) ; dragon flies from the Mis- 
sissippi basin, consisting of about 
400 specimens and representing about 
50 species (48625) ; 12 plants from 
Jo Daviess County, 111., collected by 
Messrs. Bartsch and Clark (47643) ; 
specimen of living cacti, Opiniiia, 
from Tennessee, collected by Messrs. 
Bartsch and Clark (47739) : 2 living 
plants collected in Tennessee by 
Messrs. Bartsch and Clark (47747) ; 
Alaskan salmon, collected by the 
steamer Alba tross(47798) ; Scrinoids. 
including 2 types of new species, 
collected by the Albatross (47929) : 
types and cotypes of new species of 
fishes from Alaska (47988) ; 700 
fishes from the Chester River, near 
Millington, Md., collected by Messrs. 
Goldsborough and Clark (48013) ; 
jawbones of a finback-whale, 72 feet 



Commerce and Labor, Department 
OF — Continued, 
long, killed by Capt. J. S. Nickerson, 
Provincetown, Mass. (48039) ; about 
192 fishes collected on the Pacific 
coast by the steamer Albatross, and 
in Georgia by Charles H. Bollman 
and Bert Fessler. the latter includ- 
ing the t3i)e of Opsopadiis boll muni 

(48050) ; type specimen of a Japa- 
nese fish, Caristius japonicus 

(48051) ; mollusks, fishes, reptiles, 
batrachians, and crayfishes, and a 
specimen of Hemiptera from Devils 
Lake, N. Dak. (48083) ; skin and 
skull of a spermophile, CifcUiis, col- 
lected by E. L. Goldsborough from 
North Chautauqua Grounds, Devils 
Lake. N. Dak. (48085) ; 201 fishes 
collected in the Lake of the Woods 
and its tributaries in August, 1894, 
by A. J. Woolman. and 249 fishes 
from Kootenay Lake. British Colum- 
bia, obtained in August. 1898. by 
B. W. Evermann (48099) ; types, co- 
types, and 3 specimens of fishes 
(48100) ; sea-urchins of the family 
Cidaridae, collected by the Albatross 
in 1887-88, 1891, 1900. 1902, 1904-5, 
and 1906. described by Alexander 
Agassiz and Hubert Lyman Clark 
(48133) ; fishes obtained in Maine 
and elsewhere in New England 
chiefly by W. C. Kendall (48171) ; a 
collection of corals collected by the 
Albatross in the northwest Pacific in 
1906 (48285) ; type specimen of dar- 
ter, Hadroptcrus maxinkHckiensis 
(48313) ; fishes obtained by W. C. 
Kendall, chiefly in Maine (48320) ; 
6 Japanese fishing boats, viz.. 1 
tunny flshing boat (Chiba-ken) ; 
2 bonito fishing boats (Shiznoka- 
ken), and 3 yellow tail fishing boats 
(Kagoshima-ken) (48411) ; cray- 
fishes from Lake Maxiukuckee and 
vicinity (48422) : 58 specimens rep- 
resenting 11 species of crinoids. col- 
lected by the Albatross among the 
Hawaiian Islands in 1902 (48427) ; 
40 type specimens of annelids, col- 
lected in 1900; bryozoans. worms, 
crustaceans, sponges, tunicates, and 
jelly fishes, collected in 1902 and 



KEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



77 



Commerce and Labor, Department 
OF — Continuecl. 
1903 in Hawaii and Alaska (48447) ; 
19 lots of liolotburians, collected dur- 
ing the Alaska salmon investigations, 
1903 (48492) ; 92 lots of parasitic 
copepods from various sources 
(48536) ; specimens of BalanngJns- 
siis from the Woods Hole region 
(48559) ; 2 specimens of pipe-fish, 
Xci-ophis acquoreus, coUected byCapt. 
Henry Eagleton, steamship Trojan 
Prince (48891) ; 113 vials of insects 
and insect larvae, and 3 lots of ma- 
rine invertebrates, collected by field 
parties near Lake Maxinkuckee, Ind. 
(48904) ; starfishes, holothurians, 
and invertebrates from the North 
Pacific Ocean (48923). 

Com STOCK Extension Mining and 
Milling Company, Carson City, 
Nev. : Specimen of fossil wood from 
Mount Davidson, Nev. (48041). 

CoNRADi, A. F.. Clemsou College, S. C. : 
Specimen of AJyson sp. (48738). 

Constant, Oscar, Iberia, Ky. : Cere- 
monial object of banded slate 
(48701: purchase). 

CoNZATTi, C. Oaxaca, Mexico : 16 liv- 
ing plants (47624. 47920, 47953. 
48183) ; 6 specimens of living cacti, 
Ecliinocactus mamiUaria, from 
Mexico (47.579) ; 35 plants (4765.5, 
47669, 47741, 47879) ; 2 specimens 
of Mimosa lacerata (47679) ; speci- 
men of living plant, Cissus sp. 
(47889) ; 7 cuttings of Cissus 
(47974) ; 2 plants of the family 
Cactaceae, from Mexico (48007) ; 2 
specimens of cacti, Cereus, from 
Oaxaca (48436). 

CooLiDGE, Karl R.. Palo Alto, Cal. : 18 
specimens of Lepidoptera (48308). 

CoPELAND. E. B., Manila, Philippine 
Islands: ISO ferns, mainly from the 
Philippine Islands (48459). 

Copenhagen, Denmark. Zoological 

Museum : 21 specimens representing 

10 species of Echini (48549 : ex- 
change). 



CosTENOBLE, H. L. W., AgaQa, Guam : 
Sling stones, shell implements, mor- 
tars, adz blades, pestle, and shell 
chisels from the island of Guam, 
and shell money from the island of 
Yap (48520: purchase). 

Court, Edward J., Washington, D. C. : 
Bird skin, the type of Ardca hero- 
dids trvgnnzdc (48606). 

Courtis, William M., Detroit, Mich. : 
Fern from Nevada (47960). 

CowPER, Rev. Fred. C, Woodsville, 
N. H. : Drift bowlders (47906). 

Cox, Miss Eva P., Washington, D. C: 
Clam basket used by the Clatsop In- 
dians (47808). 

Cox, Miss Hazel Van Zandt, Bright- 
wood, D. C. : Young robin, Planes- 
ticus migratorius (47.537). 

Crandall, S. W., Syracuse, N. Y. : 
Specimens of walkingstick, Diaphe- 
romera femorata (47791). 

Cranston, C. K.. Pendleton. Oreg. : 
Young albino salmon, Oncorhijnchus 
chouicha f (47715). 

Crawford, J. G., Albany, Oreg. : Cra- 
nium and fragmentary bones from 
a burial mound in Lincoln County, 
Oreg. (48526). 

Crawford, Lamar, New York City : 
Stone implements and arrowpoints 
from a mound and cavern near 
Meetze, Fauquier County, Va, 
(477.53). 

Crosby, C. R., Ithaca, N. Y. : 5 Micro- 

lepidoptera (47580). 

Cross, Whitman, U. S. Geological 
Survey, Washington, D. C. : Litho- 
logical specimens from Shap Fell, 
Westmoreland. England (48019) ; 
corundum from Colorado and sand- 
stone from England (48.303). 

Curl, Dr. H. C, surgeon, U. S. Navy, 
Washington, D. C. : A native shield 
from the interior of Queensland, 
Australia, and a club (langeel) ; 
head of a war club (star shaped) 
from New Guinea : and " kuditchi " 
shoes from Central Australia, made 



78 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Curl, Dr. H. C. — Continued. 

of felted emu feathers and usually 
blood, and used in ceremonial witch- 
craft (47861) ; robin {PJancsticus 
migratorius) showing a tendency 
toward albinism (48482). 

Curtis, Miss Delia, Windsor, Onta- 
rio, Canada : Old inelodeon and an 
old silver watch (481 40). 

CusHMAN, J. A., Boston, Mass. : Crus- 
taceans from the fresh waters of 
Labrador and Newfoundland, col- 
lected by Glover M. Allen and Owen 
Bryant (48109). 

CuTCHiN, N. E., Baltimore, Md. : 2 
small ivory carvings (47605). 

Davidson. A., Los Angeles, Cal. : Speci- 
men of Osmorrliiza from California 
(47654) ; plant from the southern 
part of California (48685). 

Davis Brothers, Kent, Ohio. : 2 boxes 
of percussion " pills," which were 
extensively used later than gunflints 
and before the invention of percus- 
sion caps (48485: purchase). 

Davis, Charles A., Thorndale, Tex. : 
Specimen of Iceland^spar (48032). 

Davis, William T., New Brighton, 
Staten Island, N. Y. : (received 
through Dr. F. A. Lucas) Batrach- 
ians (47621). 

Day, Philip, Black Warrior, Ariz.: 
Arrow-shaft straightener (48390). 

Day, Richard H., Philadelphia, Pa. : 
Oriental package of " strike-a-light " 
flints, with 8 loose flints and steel 
(47862). 

Deam, C. C, Bluffton. Ind. : 7 plants 
from Guatemala (47617) ; plant, 
Laciniaria, from Indiana (47922). 
Exchange. 

Dean, F. A. W., Cleveland, Ohio.: 
Squid, Loligo pcalci, from Marthas 
Vineyard, Mass., and 2 specimens 
of shells, Siliqiia patula nuttalli, 
from California (47606). 

Deane, Ruthven. Chicago, 111. : 3 
blackfin whitefish, C Oregon us nigri- 
pinnis, from Green Lake, Wis. 
(48294). 



Deisher, H. K., Kutztown, Pa. : 9 pho- 
tographs of baskets belonging to Mr. 
Deisher (48253). 

DeLashmutt, Miss Inez, Spokane, 
Wash. : Indian paint pot from New 
Mexico (48245). 

Dennett, John. (See under John 
Doan.) 

DiETz, W. G., Hazleton, Pa. : 20 speci- 
mens of J'lii/citlnae (48747: ex- 
change) ; specimen of Pylo his- 
triateUa (48776) ; 9 cotypes of 
Microlepidoptera {Ornix) (47899). 

Doan, John, and John Dennett, Sil- 
verbell, Ariz. : Lizard, Colconijx 
rariegatus (47982). 

DoBSON, Dr. W. H. Yeung Kong, 
Kwang Tung, China : Plant, Drosera, 
from China (48757). 

DoD, F. H. WoLLEY, Millarville, Al- 
berta, Canada : 6 specimens of Lepi- 
doptera, E ubaphe immaculata i4SilG) . 

Dodge, Byron E., Davison, Mich. : 
Stone pipe and grooved stone ax 
(12.596: loan). 

Dodge, C. K., Port Huron, Mich. : 20 
plants from Ontario and Michigan 
(48181) ; 10 plants from the region 
of Lake Huron (48777). 

Doubleday, Mary, Estate or : Sword 
worn by Gen. Abner Doubleday dur- 
ing the Civil War. (48095). 

Douglas, James, New York City : 2 
sections of stalactites from caves in 
limestone of the Warren district of 
Arizona (48275). 

Dowdle, S. R., Waiakoa, Hawaiian 
Islands (received through the Bu- 
reau of American Ethnology) : Col- 
lection of Hawaiian ethnological ob- 
jects (12566: loan). 

Dowell, Philip, Port Richmond, 
N. Y. ; 14 ferns from New Jersey, 
New York, and other localities 
(48853). 

DowLiNG, Mrs. Harriet L., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Archeological and eth- 
nological objects from Mexico 
(48649: loan). 



EEPORT OF, NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



79 



Drew, Miss Rosa, Grinnell, Iowa: 32 
specimens of plants, Laciniariii, 
from Iowa (47871). 
Dublin, Ireland, Fisheries Branch 
OF THE Department of Agricul- 
ture: Specimen of Scorpaena cristu- 
lata from the western coast of Ire- 
land (4S251). 
Duchaussoy, a., Caudebec-les-Elbeuf, 
Seine Inferieure, France: 89 speci- 
mens of Hymenoptera (4S340: ex- 
change). 
Dudley, J. H., Hoquiam, Wash.: Hy- 
menopterous insect, Sirex alhicornis 
(47756). 
Duces, A.. Gnanajnato, Mexico : Skull, 
wing, and leg of a bat, Anoura geof- 
froyi (47619) ; 25 insects (received 
through the Department of Agricul- 
■ture) (47701) ; lenticular lichens 
from Mexico (48687) : 3 plants 
Baileya multimdiata (48848). 
DuMBOLTON, C. J., Mabton, Wash. : 
Fragments of silicified wood from 
near Mabton (48588). 
Dundee, Scotland, University Col- 
lege: Crab (Uca) (48-540: loan). 
Dunlop, T. W., Mason City, Iowa: 
Collection of supposed prehistoric 
stone objects from near Mason City 
(4S029). 
Durant, Miss Louisiana, Washington, 
D. C. : A very interesting collection 
of native utensils and implements 
obtained in South Africa by the 
donor, including a Kaffir piano, or 
Miramba (48879). 
DuRY, Charles, Cincinnati. Ohio: 8 

insects (47672: exchange). 
Dutt. H. L.. Ithaca, N. Y. : Photograph 
of Mr. Dutt, a native of Calcutta, 
India (4764S). 
Dyar. H. G., U. S. National Museum : 
2 specimens of Hymenoptera from 
Tryon. N. C. (47638) ; 2 specimens 
of Lepidoptera, Sphiii-r gonHus and 
Apatcla Janceolaria, bred from lar- 
vae collected in Maine (48767). 
Dyer. Mrs. Florence M., Washington, 
D. C. : Silver armlet found in an In- 
dian cemetery, Maumee Bay, near 
Toledo, Ohio (12471: loan). 
82065—09 6 



Eastwood, Miss Alice, Berkeley. Cal. : 
6 plants, Riljcs, collected in Califor- 
nia (48515). 

Edwards, J. E., Haycreek, Oreg. (re- 
ceived through the Department of 
Agriculture) : 2 specimens of cacti, 
Echinocactus ( 47989 ) . 

Eggleston, W. W., Cambridge, Mass. : 
65 plants from the northeastern part 
of the United States (47938: pur- 
chase). 

Egyptian Government, Cairo, Egypt 
(through H. G. Lyons, director-gen- 
eral, survey department, Giza, 
Egypt) : Fossil remains of Arsinoi- 
thcriiim .:itt(Ji and other species 
(47878) ; (through the minister of 
education and Dr. G. A. Boulenger, 
of the British Museum of Natural 
History, Loudon, England) 54 species 
of tishes from the River Nile and its 
tributaries (48252). 

Elbeuf, France, Musee D'Histoire 
Naturelle: 132 specimens of Hy- 
menoptera (47792: exchange). 

Elder, H. C, Lester, Ark. : Petroleum 
from Camden, Ark. (48161). 

Elder, Thomas L., New York City: 
Collection of tradesmen's tokens or 
"Store cards" (47789). 

Elliott, Mrs. Minnie J., Washington, 
D. C. : A copy of the Bible printed 
in 1599, silver spoon, glass saltcellar, 
and a tin treasure box of the colo- 
nial period (47773). 

Ellis, Max M., Winona Lake, Ind. : 
Mosquito larva?, Wijeomyia smithii 
(47677). 

Ely, Mrs. H. A., Beverly, N. J.: 
Mounted specimen of bald eagle, 
Haliaettis Uiicoceiilialus, from near 
Philadelphia (48139). 

Emmons, Lieut. G. T., U. S. Navy (re- 
tired), Princeton, N. J.: 3 reed 
stalks used as sandpaper by the In- 
dians of southeastern Alaska 
(48527). 

Ennis, Carl E., Narcrosse, Fla.: Spi- 
der, Gnsteracantha Gancriformis 
(47865). 



80 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Epi'es, Miss Em'ily, City Point, Va. : 
Plant from Trinidad, Britisli West 
Indies (4S00G). 

EsHNAtJR, INIrs. W. H., Los xiugeles, 
Cal. : 7 specimens of Haliotia from 
tlie western coast of Mexico (?) 
(4SS92). 

EsTAcioN Central Agronumica. (See 
under Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba.) 

EwiNG, Herbert S., Artesia, Cal. : 5 
specimens representing 2 species of 
Epiiymgmopliora from California 
(4S445). 

Experiment Station of the Hawaiian 
Sugar Planters' Association (Di- 
vision of Entomology), Honolulu, 
Hawaii ; Moths, CirpJiis uniiJiincta, 
Caradrina rccuJsa, and CnjiAolabcs 
sp. (48270). 

Fall, H. C, Pasadena, Cal. : 2 speci- 
mens of Ccnopliciigiis dchilis 
(4SS81: excliange). 

Fallis, Miss Edwina H., Denver, 
Colo.: 2 mats illustrating samples 
of weaving, and a basket (48210). 

Fawcett, H. S., Gainesville, Fla. : 8 
orchids from Florida (47962). 

Fay, H. W., De Kalb, 111.: Photo- 
graphs illustrating the exhuming of 
mastodon bones near De Kalb 
(48894). 

Felt, Dr. E. P., state entomologist, 
Albany, ]S\ Y. : 3 .lajjanese tortricids, 
Archips sorbiana (48.394). 

Fenyes, Dr. A.. Pasadena, Cal.: Adult 
and 2 larvae of I'lastcnis n. sp. (near 
sanguinicoUis) ; adult and 5 larvae 
of Aphorista morosa from Porvenir, 
N. Mex. (48231) : 37 specimens rep- 
resenting 11 species of Aleochariiiae 
(48489) ; about 3,000 insects collect- 
ed at Cordoba, Mexico (48SS5). 

Fernald, M. L., Cambridge, Mass.: 122 
plants from Quebec (48424: pur- 
chase). 

Fernekes, Val., Milwaukee, Wis. : 12 
specimens of Lepidoptera (48164). 

Field, G. H., and W. S. Wright, San 
Diego, Cal.: 16 siiecimens of Lepi- 
doptera (48796). 



Field, Mrs. William De Y., Matta- 
poisett, Mass. : 3 eggs of the lace- 
wing lly, Chnjsopa sp. (47562). 

Field Museum of Natural History, 
Chicago, 111. : Plant, Islolina, from 
Mexico (47572: exchange); collec- 
tion of arctic clothing worn l)y mem- 
bers of the Greely Relief Expedi- 
tion ; also sleeping bag, canvas 
sti-aps, etc. (47967) ; frogs from 
Guatemala (48287) ; 300 plants 
from the United States and the 
West , Indies (48334: exchange); 
326 specimens of willows, 8nlix 
(48451: loan). 

Fink, Prof. Bruce, Oxford, Ohio: 437 
lichens from Minnesota (47931) ; 
125 specimens of lichens collected 
mainly on Plummers Island, Mont- 
gomery County, Md., in 1907 (48504) . 

FiNLEY, John, Dowagiac, Mich. : Moth, 
Encles imperialis (47581). 

Fish, Mrs. Nicholas, Washington, 
D. C. : Chair brought by Mr. Fish 
from Morro Castle, Cuba, and a 
beaded Indian cane which belonged 
to Sergt. Hamilton Fish (48871) ; 
flounce of Brabant (Flemish) lace 
(48873: loan). 

Fisher, Miss M. J., Denton, Md. : 3 
])lants from Porto Rico, Giiarea 
trichclioidcs, JairopJia iiniltiflda, and 
Zophgntntlics ? (47790). 

FiTzsiMONs, F. W., director Port 
Elizabeth Museum, Port Elizabeth, 
Cape Colony, South Africa : 8 pho- 
tographs of skulls of Layard's 
beaked whale, Mcsoplodon bayardi, 
and one of the exterior (47866). 

Fleming, J. H., Toronto, Ontario, 
Canada : 9 birds' skins from Chat- 
ham Islands (48227: exchange). 

Fletcher, Dr. James, Ottawa, Can- 
ada: Moth, Nimipliula ohIiicraUs 
(48521). 

Foerste, A. r., Dayton, Ohio : About 
500 specimens of fossil bryozoans il- 
lustrating the Mississippian forma- 
(ions of Kentucky (47885) ; about 
,500 fossils from the same formation 
(48024). 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



81 



FoHL, Mary E., Greenville, Ky. : 
Larva of hickory-horned devil, Cith- 
eronia regalis (47612). 

FooTE MiNER.\x, Company, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. : Specimens of hydro- 
magnesite from California ; eding- 
touite from Sweden; tapiolite from 
France; and calciovol borthite from 
Colorado (4S577: pnrchase). 

Ford, Dr. W. Huston, Washington, 
D. C. : A 40-pound cannon ball, which 
was fired at a floating battery on 
April 12, 18G1, by Major Anderson, 
in command of Fort Sumter, Charles- 
ton Harbor (48355). 

Franklin, H. J., Amherst, Mass. : Co- 
types of Anthothnps gowdcyi and 
Euthrips iiisularis, mounted on 5 
slides (481G2). 

Freburger, George A., Baltimore, Md. : 
Cane cut from a chaparral bush by 
the donor during the war with Mex- 
ico (47816). 

Freeman, C. E., Parang, Mindanao, 
P. I.: Fly. SarcoplKir/n sp. (47634). 

Freeman, Miss Helen, New Bedford, 
Mass. : 13 boxes of natural history 
and ethnological specimens, which 
belonged to the late Willard Nye, jr. 
(48696). 

French, Rev. J. L. and Leon L. L., 
Washington, D. C. : Historical and 
other relics (48686: loan). 

Frierson, L. S., Frierson, La. ; 4 speci- 
mens of Lampsilis tcxasensis from 
Louisiana or eastern Texas (47604). 

Frisbie, D. G., Norris, Mont. : Magnet- 
ite sand containing monazite 
(48418). 

Frost, C. A., South Framingham, 
Mass. : 76 specimens of Lepidoptera 
(47802). 

Fullaway, David J., Stanford Univer- 
sity, Cal. : 3 mosquitoes and 2 slides 
of insects from Yosemite Valley, Cal. 
(47640). 

Fulton, H. C, Riverside, Kew, Lon- 
don, England: Specimen of Tiirhon- 
illa from Florida (47705). 

Gaby, C. W., Osceola, Nev. : Lower jaw 
(fossil) of a horse, apparently 
Equus occidentalis (48193). 



Gaillard, Maj. D. D., U. S. Army, 
Culebra, Canal Zone : Small bag 
woven from a fiber plant, made by 
the Indians of Los Remedies, Prov- 
ince of Chiriqui, Republic of Pan- 
ama (48142). 

Gaillard, R., Mobile, Ala. : Phyllopod 
crustacean from a hydrant (48298). 

(i.vRDNER, Hon. A. P., House of Repre- 
sentatives, Washington, D. C. : Pho- 
tograph of an Algonquian horn 
spoon, an heirloom in the Gardner 
family of Massachusetts (48030). 

Garrett, J. J., Lunsford, Ark. : 2 
specimens of the American hercules 
beetle, Dynastcs tityus (47830). 

Gates, Frank C, Chicago, 111.: 300 
plants from Illinois and Wisconsin 
(48240: purchase). 

Gearhart, George W., Ashland, Pa. : 
Anthracite coal from Schuylkill 
County, Pa. (48312). 

(iEE, Prof. N. Gist, department of sci- 
ence, Soochow University, Soochow, 
China : Collection of Chinese medi- 
cines, comprising about 500 kinds 
(48443). 

Geological Survey. (See under Ot- 
tawa, Canada.) 

Giacornelli, Dr. Eugenio, La Rioja, 
Argentina, South America : Butter- 
flies from Argentina and Europe 
(48900: gift and exchange). 

Gibson, R. L., Alameda. Saskatchewan, 
Canada : Specimen of Inoccramus 
sagcnsis from the Fort Pierre ( Upper 
Cretaceous) formation (48793). 

Gilbert, Mrs. A. P., Logan, Okla. : 
Specimen of praying mantis, Stag- 
momantis Carolina (47927) ; speci- 
men of walking stick, ParabaciUus 
pahneri (48015). 

Gilbert, Chester G., South Bethle- 
hem, Pa. : 476 grams of meteorite 
from Estacado, Tex. (47563 : ex- 
change). 

Gillette, C. P., Fort Collins, Colo, 
(through Dr. H. T. Fernald) : Type 
of Deromyia pulchra (47985). 



82 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



GiKAui/r, A. A., Urhana. 111.: o cotypei? 
of 'Tritncptis hcincrocampae (Hymen- 
optera) and 4 unnamed specimens 
(48660). 

GoDMAN, F. D., London, England: A 
set of the beetles from Central Amer- 
ica which were used by the donor 
in connection with his monumental 
work entitled " Biologia Central i 
Americana" (4S314) ; 746 specimens 
of Rhynchota and Formicidae fi-om 
Central America, selected from the 
Biologia Ceutrali Americana collec- 
tions (4S59S). 

Godwin, I. R., Fincastle, Va. : Jaw of 
woodchuck, Marmota monax, with 
overgrown incisors (47743). 

GoLL, George P., Washington, D, C. : 3 
si)ecimens of Pseiidoinclania obelis- 
cus from I^alce Yzabal, Guatemala 
(47884) ; reptiles, 2 fresh-water 
crabs and shells from Guatemala 
(4S30S). 

GoTTSCHALK, A. L., United States 
consul-general, Mexico : 14 picture 
postals representing Mexican etli- 
nological sub.iects (47647). 

GowARD, GusTAvus, Washington, D. C. : 
Samoan wedding mat (48888: pur- 
chase). 

Grahamstown, Cape Colony, South 
Africa, Albany Museum : 143 plants 
from South Africa (47696: ex- 
change). 

Grayson, G. W., Eufaula, Okla. : Pho- 
togi-aphs of Creek Indians (48760). 

Green, H. A., Tryon, N. C. : Specimens 
of tabular quartz, asbestos, and 
shells (47758). 

Greger, D. K., Perkins, Okla. : About 
15 species of land and fresh- water 
shells from Oklahoma (48810) ; 33 
specimens, repi'esenting 6 species, of 
land and fresh-water shells from 
Oklahoma (48919). 

G RIDLEY, Mrs. Ann E., Washington, 
D. C. : Silk handkerchief bearing a 
picture of the late Capt. Charles V. 
Gridley, U. S. Navy (48648). 



Griggs, R. F., Columbus, Ohio : Fern, 
Asplcniuni pinnatifidum, from Ohio 
(4S756). 

Grimes Pass Placer Mining Company 
(Limited), Boise, Idaho: Black sand 

'(48178). 

(Jrimes, Warren, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 3 United States 1-cent pieces 
(48731) ; a silver coin and a copper 
coin (48842). 

Grinnell, Joseph, Pasadena, Cal. : 
Lizard from California (48044) : 12 
bird skins from California (48066) ; 
43 mammals and 295 plants from the 
southern part of California (48539; 
48686) ; 19 insects (48739). 

Grout, Dr. A. J., Brooklyn, N. Y. : 25 
specimens of mosses (48580 : pur- 
chase). 

Guadagno, Michele, Naples, Italy : 
110 European plants (48452 : ex- 
change). 

Gulf Biologic Station, Cameron, La. : 
5 specimens, representing 3 species, 
of parasitic copepods, and 20 vials 
of decapod and isopod crustaceans 
(48246) ; 2 si)ecimeus of Cumacea 
(48367) : 13 specimens, representing 
2 species, of Schizopods (48431). 

Gutekunst, F., Philadelphia, Pa. : 
Photographic portrait of Prof. Jo- 
seph Henry (47995). 

Haarlem, Netherlands, Teyler's Mu- 
seum : Cast of skull and skin frag- 
ment of Zcnghtilon li y d r a r c h u s 
(48518 : exchange). 

Haas, Albert, Washington, D. C. : 
Dark lantern used during the civil 
war in Armory Square Hospital, 
Washington, D. C. (47682). 

Haase, Leo G., Pasadena, Cal. : Con- 
cretions from the Miocene of San 
Pedro, Cal. (47694) ; vertebra of a 
fossil whale, and 3 photographs 
(47881). 

Hahn, Walter L., Mitchell, Ind. : 18 
mammals from near Washington, 
I). C. (48415: collected for the :Mu- 
seum). 



KEPORT OF NATIONAL, MUSEUM, 1008. 



83 



Haines, Alfred S., V\'esttown, Pa. : 9() 
plants from Peuusylvania (47551: 
4S570). 

Halliday, Charles H., contract sur- 
geon, TT. S. Army, Manila : 10 in- 
sects from Fort Pikit, Mindanao, 
P. I. (47693). 

Hamlin, Homer, Los Angeles, Cal. : 
Fragments of vertebrate fossils 
(47895) ; fragments of jaws and 
teeth of a species of camel, prob- 
ably somewhat larger than Camc- 
lops kansaniis (48014). 

Hancock Muskltm. (See under New- 
castle on Tyne, England.) 

Handy, Ij. C. (See under Otto L. 
A'eerhoff.) 

H.\nnibal, Harold, San Jose, Cal. : 2 
sjiecies of Naiads, (lonidca aiif/iiUita 
and Anodontn loahhimcioisis, from 
San Jose (47883) ; marl containing 
specimens of Bythinclla from the 
Pliocene of Santa Clara Valley 
(47909) ; fresh-water shells (48194). 

PIardy, Isaac B., Santa Clara, Cal. : 
16 specimens, representing 5 spe- 
cies, of marine shells (48920). 

Harlan, Mrs. James S., Washington, 
D. C. : Collection of embroideries, 
enamels, carving, and other art ob- 
jects (48798 ; 48846). Loan. 

Harpswell Laboratory, Harpswell, 
Me. (through Dr. F. D. Lambert, 
Tufts College, Mass.) : 3 specimens 
of isoi»od! Idothca metaUica, from 
Georges Bank (48678). 

Harris, C. M., San Diego, Cal.: 9 
photographs of the elephant seal, 
Macrorhinus angustirostris (47728). 

Harris. Di". Jesse R., IT. S. Army, 
Fort Assinniboine, Mont. : Set of 
Moro gongs (47542 : purchase) ; col- 
lection of ]\Ioro ethnological objects 
(47543) : 21 Moro cartridges (47558). 

Harris, Joseph, Tampico. ^Mexico : 
Skin of Central American mountain 
deer, Mazaina scntoiii (48269). 

Harris, Dr. J. V., Key West, Fla. : 4 
scorpions (48619). 



Hart, C. A., Urbana, 111. : 3 specimens 
of isopod, Porcrllio sp., from Texas 
(48565). 

Hart, J. H., botanical department, 
Trinidad, British West Indies: Skin 
of a little collared swift, Panyptila 
cayennensis (48792). 

. PIasse, Dr. PL E., Sawtelle, Cal. : 
Plant, C/-c/j(,s-, from Arizona (47588); 
8 specimens of living cacti. Opunfia, 
from California (47799; 47916). 

Hawley. W. a., Santa Barbara. Cal. : 
7 specimens of Prcicn bcllus from 
the Pliocene, 4 miles west of Santa 
Barbara (48132). 

Hay, W. p., Washington, D, C. : Tree 
toads from Dorchester County, Md. 
(47600). 

Hayden, Dr. F. Y., Estate of ( through 
Dr. A. C. Peale) : Rocks and verte- 
brate fossils (48277). 

Hedgeman, Edgar B.. Berwyn, Md. : . 
Larva of a hag moth (47684). 

Hedley, Charles. Australian Museum, 
Sydney, New South Wales : About 
125 specimens, representing 34 spe- 
cies, of marine shells from Masthead 
Island, Queensland, mostly cotypes 
of species described by the donor 
(48481). 

Heller, A. A., Los Gatos, Cal. : 470 
plants from California (47636; 
48057) ; 29 plants. Rihcs, from Cali- 
fornia (48479: purchase). 

Henderson, Hon. John G., Lake View, 
111. : Stone object from Illinois, 
known as a "boat anchor" (48841). 

Henry, The Misses, Washington, D. C. : 
4 Indian pictures by Stanley, and 1 
by an unknown artist (48404). 

Henshaw, H. W., Washington, D. C. : 
6 ferns from Massachusetts (47930) ; 
3 birds' nests from California 

(48388). 

Herdman, Dr. W. A., Liverpool, Eng- 
land : Cotypes of parasitic copeixtds 
from the pearl banks of Ceylon 
(48544). 



84 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Herrera, a. L., Mexico, Federal Dis- 
trict, Mexico : 3 species of land 
sliolls from Mexico (47897). 

IIerkick, Glenn W., Agricultural Col- 
lege, Miss.: Plant, Yihiirnum, 
(48279) ; 4 adults and 3 larv» of a 
Hynienopteron, Lophyrus pinetum, 
(4S450). 

Herriot, W.. Gait, Ontario, Canada : 
41 plants collected in Canada during 
1906 (48506). 

Heth, Miss Nannie Randolph, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : China and cut glass- 
ware used at Mount Vernon by Gen- 
eral and Mrs. Washington (12549: 
loan ) . 

Heye, George G., New York City: 83 
ethnological specimens from differ- 
ent sections of the United States 
and Canada (48318: exchange). 

HiBBs, W. C, Washington, D. C. : 
Specimen of ConjdaUs cornuta from 
Washington, D. C. (48897). 

HiNKLEY, A. A., Dubois, 111. : 6 cotypes 
of Pyrgulopsis tcahashensis n. sp. 
.(48174). 

Hirase, Y., Kioto, Japan : 272 si^eci- 
mens, reitresenting 56 species, of 
land shells from Japan (48913: 
purchase). 

HiTCHiNGS, E. F., Augusta, Me. : 2 co- 
coons of Halesidota maculata 
(47858). 

HiTTiNGER, Sergt. J. J., Exposition 
Station, Jamestown, Va. : Nails from 
a house built in Virginia in 1640 
(47851). 

HoBSON, Mrs. Elizabeth C, Washing- 
ton, D. .C. : 2 yards of Mechlin lace 
(1800) and a piece of point de Mi- 
lan (48802: loan). 

Hochderffer, Col. George, Flagstaff, 
Ariz. : 2 specimens of cactus, Opun- 
tia cchinocarpa, from Arizona 
(48828) ; 5 specimens of cacti from 
Arizona (48883). 

Hoge & McDowell, W\ashington, D. C. : 
Partridge. Colin us rirginianus, in 
abnormal plumage (48343) ; a goose 
egg of unusual size (4S55S). 



HoLCOMB, Benton, Simsbury, Conn. : 5 
specimens, representing 2 species, of 
fresh water shells (48439). 

Hollister, N., Delaware, Wis. : 10 
specimens of Nymphaeaceae from 
Wisconsin (47702). 

Holm, Theodor, Brookland, D, C. : 14 
plants from Vermont and the vicin- 
ity of AVashington, D. C. (47602) ; 
8 plants (47710; 47770); 5 plants 
from near Brookland (47870) ; tu- 
bers of Dioscorca illustrata, culti- 
vated at Brookland, D. C. (47961) ; 
90 specimens of European plants, 
Umbel liferae, Crassulaceae, and Jun- 
caceae (47792: exchange) ; alcoholic 
material of 3 species of plants from 
Florida and Washington (48299) ; a 
jar of plants from the District of 
Columbia (48665) ; 5 plants, Den- 
taria diphylla, from Vermont 
(48752). 

Holmes, J. S., Washington, D. C. : 
Double-headed snake from Kentucky 
(48084). 

Hope Gardens. (See under Kingston, 
Jamaica.) 

Hopkins, A. C, Charlestown, W. Va.; 

Leaf beetle, Monoccsia coryli (47723). 
Hornor, Samuel Stockton, Carnes- 

ville. Ga. : Arrow point from near 

Dobb's Bridge, Franklin County, Ga. 

(48063). 

Hough. E. C. Falls Church. Va. : 
Specimen of fasciated Riidbeckia 
hirta (47659). 

Hough, Walter, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Plaster cast, painted, of the 
bust of a boy. Replica by August 
Gerber, of Cologne, of the terra cotta 
original by Luca della Robia. 1400- 
1482 (48120). 

Howard, L. O., Department of Agri- 
culture, Washington, D. C. : 190 
named specimens of European Hy- 
menoptera, comprising 86 species 

(48863). 

Howard University, Medical School, 
Washington. D. C. : Anatomical 
specimens (48235). 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



85 



Howell, E. E., Wasliington. D. C. : 
Piece of meteoric irou from Wil- 
liamstovvn, Ky. (gift), and a piece of 
a meteorite from Aiuswortli, Nebr. 
(exchange) (4.8432) ; 2.270 grams of 
tlie Crab Orchard meteorite (48925 : 
purchase). 

Hkdlicka, Dr. Ales, U. S. National 
Museum: Bird's nest (47635). 

Hubby, Miss Ella F., Pasadena, Cal. : 
Photographs of baslvets and samples 
of baslietry stitches made by a Ponio 
Indian (48305). 

Hughes, Mrs. Florence A., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Singing house mouse, 
Mus musculus (48554). 

Hungarian National Museum. (See 
under Budapest, Hungary.) 

HuNGATE, J. W., Cheney, Wash. : 9 
specimens of Coleoptera (47614). 

Hunt, J. B., Topeka, Ivans. : Ores and 
fossil invertebrates from Kansas and 
Missouri (48593). 

Hunter, Clay, Blue, Ariz. : Skin and 
skull of shrew, Xotiosorcx craic- 
fordi (47877); "white - footed" 
mouse, or " deer mouse," Peromyscus 
hoylil rou-leyi (48225). 

Hurter, Julius, St. Louis, ;\Io. : Rep- 
tiles and batrachians from Arizona 
and New Mexico (47820) ; salaman- 
der from Stone County, Mo. (47998) ; 
reptiles and batrachians chiefly 
from Arizona and New Mexico 
(48055) ; frog from California 
(487SS). 

Ingham, Mrs. E. C, San Fernando, 
Cal. : Living cactus, Oimntia, 
(48324). 

Inscho, Samuel S., Elmira, N. Y. : 
Fossil invertebrates from East 
Bethany, N. Y. (48200). 

Instituto De Manguinhos. (See 
under Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.) 

Instituto Serumtherapico do Estado 
DE Sao Paulo. (See under Sao 
Paulo, Brazil.) 



Instituto IMedico Nacional. 
under Mexico, Mexico.) 



(See 



Interior, Department of : 

Patent Office: Firearms, models 
of various inventions, etc. (48865) ; 
models relating to the history of 
photography (48806) ; models relat- 
ing to the development of musical 
instruments (488S9) ; models relat- 
ing to the development of lighting 
and heating (48890). 

U. S.GcoI' gical Survey: Collection 
of surveying instruments, obsolete 
forms (47736) ; 2 aluminum bench- 
mark tablets (48093) ; vertebrate 
fossils from the Red Beds of Texas, 
collected by Messrs. Adams and Ul- 
rich (48151) ; vertebrate fossils 
from the Upper Cretaceous and 
Lower Eocene (Puerco and Wa- 
satch) from the San Juan basin, 
New Mexico, collected by J. H. Gard- 
ner (481.54) ; rocks from the Brack- 
ett, Uvalde, and Austin quadrangles 
of Texas, collected by T. Wayland 
Yaughan and associates (482.30) ; 3 
Hymenoptera, yellow jacket, and 
parasitic worms (48243) ; fossil 
bones of the Miocene age from Los 
Angeles, Cal. (48291) ; rocks col- 
lected by E. S. Bastlan from the 
Fox Islands, and illustrative of the 
Penobscot Bay folio (48337) : instru- 
ments used by the Western Re- 
sources branch of the survey in the 
work of measuring the flow of 
streams (48341) ; vertebrate fossils, 
chiefly Mesozoic, obtained in 1907 
by field parties in Wyoming, Mon- 
tana, and North Dakota (48345) ; 
sample of halloysite from Indiana 
(48369) ; 3 varieties of an extinct 
bison, and an astragalus of ele- 
phant, probably Elephas colninht, 
and apparently Pleistocene, collected 
by C. E. Siebenthal near Duenweg, 
Joplin district, Missouri (48387) j 
rocks and thin sections from the 
Rockland quadrangle, Maine, col- 
lected by Edson S. Bastin (48400) ; 
types of 10 new species and 1 new 
variety of Carboniferous inverte- 
brate fossils (48500) ; reserve and 
duplicate rocks and ores, with thin 



86 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Interior, Department of — Coutiuued. 
sections, from the Cceur d'Aleue dis- 
trict, Idaho (4S543) ; 75 specimens 
of typical rocks of the Redding 
quadrangle, California, and 60 thin 
sections, collected by J. S. Diller 
48587) ; meerschaum from the Dor- 
sey deposit in the canyon of Bear 
Creek, Grant County, N. Mex., col- 
lected by Douglas B. Sterrett 
(4S6S1 ) ; rock slab with undetermined 
fucoids, from Glade Run, Warren 
quadrangle, Pennsylvania, collected 
by Mr. Charles Butts (4SG98) ; nat- 
ural cast of chimaeroid egg case, col- 
lected by N. H. Darton, in 1906, 
from the lower sandstone of ^lontana 
formation 20 miles from Laramie. 
AYyo. (48730) : about 20 drawers of 
Paleozoic graptolites (48733) ; 2 
vertebrfe of a fossil reptile collected 
by C. H. Gordon in the Upper Cre- 
taceous, 2 miles north of Washing- 
ton, Ark. (488.52) ; bryozoans from 
Xew Hanover and Brunswick coun- 
ties, N. C. (48887). 

TJ. S. Redamation Service: Fossil 
bones discovered while excavating 
in connection with the L'matilla pro- 
ject,' Oregon, and at Cold Springs 
Dam (47765), 
Intkam, Robert, Signal, Ariz. : Ari- 
zona coral snake. Flaps euryxan- 
thiis, (48034). 

ISHAM, Charles Bradley, New York 
City : 3 birds' skins from Virginia 
(48817). 

Isthmian Canal Commission, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Rock specimens from 
the Isthmus of Panama, collected by- 
Mr. Howe, geologist of the commis- 
sion (47591: exchange). 

James, Mrs. Julian, Washington, 
D. C. : Collection of laces (48709); 
collection of French, Italian, Dres- 
den, and other chiuaware, minia- 
tures, and other art objects (48822; 
loan). 

James, Olin T., St. Louis, Mo. : Game 
of national history (57 cards) and 
a book of rules for playing the 
game (47726). 



Jamestown Tercentennial Exposi- 
tion, U. S. Government Board : 
Models of the Savannah, Clermimt, 
and Phoenix, a primitive sledge, and 
a farm sled; 2 models of railway 
tracks and 2 models of Starr car- 
bines (48783). 

Jardin Botanique de l'Etat. (See 
under Brussels, Belgium.) 

Jenney, Charles E., Fresno, Cal.: 4 
Coleoptera (47570) ; 6 species of 
marine shells from the West Indies 
and the ludo-Pacific region (47584) ; 
5 species of Coleoptera and Heiuip- 
tera (47714) : 11 species of land and 
marine shells (4S505) ; specimen of 
Xassa from the Fiji Islands (48620) ; 
2 specimens of Hymenoptera, Bnm- 
hus sp. (48790). 

Jennings, A. H., Ancon, Cangl Zone, 
Panama : About 275 specimens of 
mosquitoes (48838). 

Jewett, Stanley G., Portland, Oreg. : 
Bat, Mijotis lucifugus Jongicnis; 
young wood rats, Neotoma; lizard, 
Sceloporus un&uJatus occidentalis; 
snake, Charina plumbea; skulls of 
a common cat, Felis clomcstica, and 
a spotted skunk, Spilogale plicnax 
latifrons; 2 minks, Lutreola vison 
(47762) ; skins and skulls of 5 mam- 
mals (47925) ; 6 skins and skulls of 
mammals from Oregon and Wash- 
ington (48056). 

Johnson, C. H., Exposition Sta- 
tion, Norfolk, Ya. : An ancient 
corn pounder from Massachusetts 
(47611). 

Johnson, H. L., Clarksville, Teun. : 
5 flint Implements from Kentucky 
and Tennessee (48484: exchange). 

Jones, F. A., Washington, D. C. : 
Specimen of a star-nosed mole, Con- 
cJylura cristata (48656). 

Jones, Frank Morton, Wilmington, 
Del. : 2 cotypes of Callosamia angu- 
lifcra var. Carolina, with their co- 
coons (48676). 

Jones, Gilbert, Pittston, Pa. : Speci- 
men and a thin section of middle- 
tonite (47592). 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



87 



Jones, Joseph W., Bristol, Teun. : 2 
plugs of Sally Limcl tobacco, manu- 
factured in Richmond by A. W. Tay- 
lor (47807). 

Jones, Marcus E., Salt Lake City, 
Utah: Specimen of cactus, Opuntia, 
from Utah (48022) ; 31 living plants 
from Utah (48060. 48827) ; 3 speci- 
mens of living cacti, Opuntia fra- 
gilis, from Sandy, Utah (48680). 

Jordan, David Stakr, Stanford Uni- 
versity, Cal. : 5 fossil fishes from 
Ceara, Brazil (48915). 

JouTEL, Louis H., New Tork City : 
17 specimens of Ignotii.s acnigmaticus 
(4S364: exchange). 

JouY, Mrs. M. S. F., U. S. National 
Museum : Birds collected by the late 
Pierre L. Jouy, chiefly in the United 
States (48148) ; stone implements 
and a plaster mold of an archeologi- 
cal object (48872). 

Justice, Department of : A collection 
of the scalps, skulls, and antlers of 
the American elk from the Jackson 
Hole region, Wyoming, used as evi- 
dence in a federal trial against 
poachers in September, 1907 (48821). 

Ke^^rfott, W. D., Montclair, X. J. : 
Tortricids, representing large types 
of new species (48567) ; 4 cotypes 
of prionapterygid crambids (48748) ; 
20 specimens of Lepidoptera, cotypes 
of G new species (4SS16). 

Keen, J. H., Metlakatla, British Co- 
lumbia : Indian skull from Kama- 
nawal, British Columbia (47913). 

Keenan, Michael, Springer, N. Mex. : 
15 pseudo-scorpions, Chelifer can- 
croides, (47934) ; a house mouse, 
Mvs musculus, and a house sparrow. 
Passer domesticus (48048). 

Kellerman. W. a.. Los Amates. Gua- 
temala, Central America : Seeds of 
cacti (48380). 

Kemeys, Mrs. Laura Swing. Wash- 
ington. D. C. : 94 animal sculptures 
in plaster and bronze, by Edward 
Kemeys (48170: loan). 

Kenkel, Louis V., Muskegon, Mich. : 
Star-nosed mole, Condylura cristata 
(47590). 



Kennedy, P. B., Reno. Nev. : 349 
plants from Nevada (48.325: ex- 
change) : 51 plants, Ribes (48867 : 
loan ) . 

Kent, Joseph G.. Tuba. Ariz. : Sam- 
ples of cotton, with stems and roots, 
cultivated by the Hopi Indians 
(48117). 

Kern. D. X.. Allentown. Pa. : Stone 
implements from a quarry near 
Vera Cruz, Lehigh County, Pa., 
with photographs and a printed de- 
scription (47727) ; 15 arrow points 
(47924). 

Kew. London, England. Royal Bo- 
tanic Gardens : A frond from the 
type specimen of AspJrnium flnckii 
from Mexico (48031); 6 fragments 
of type specimens of plants, Dalea 
(48546: exchange). ( See under Cal- 
cutta, India.) 

Kilmer, F. B., New Brunswick, N. J. : 
Ethnological objects from various 
localities, and a sponge with oyster 
shells attached (48604). 

Kimball. Laura F.. National City. 
Cal. : 10 living specimens of fern, 
Asplenium vespertinum, from Cali- 
fornia (48.509). 

King, A. F. A., Washington. D. C: 
Furnace slag (481.57). 

Kingston. Jamaica, Department of 
Public Grounds and Plantations, 
Hope Gardens : Fern from Jamaica 
(48471: exchange). 

Kingston, Ontario. Canada. Queen's 
University : 224 plants from Canada 
( 48352 : exchange ) . 

Knab. Frederick. Department of Agri- 
culture. Washington. D. C. : 53 
specimens of insects (47632) ; 
specimen of Coleoptera, 11 speci- 
mens of Orthoptera. and about 20 
cocoons of Lepidoptera (48219: 
collected for the Museum) : 17 
specimens of Hemiptera and 49 of 
Hymenoptera (478S0) ; hymenop- 
terous parasite of Parasa sp. from 
Cordoba, Veracruz, Mexico (4S627). 

Kneucker, A., Baden. Germany: 40 
plants, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae 
exsiccatae (47709: exchange). 



88 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Knight, Hilles J., San Francisco, 
Cal. : Tooth of a sea-elephant (?), 
Mirounga auguatirostris (?), from 
the mouth of Gualala River, Cal. 
(47914): 

Kny-Scheerer Company, New Yorlc 
City: 2 specimens of Lepidoptera. 
Maroga seiiotricha, from Queensland, 
Australia (4S462). 

KoNiGL. ZooLOGiscHES MusEUM. (See 
under Berlin, Germany.) 

KoEosTowETz, Wladimir, Station Ra- 
doule, Propriety Peressage, Govern- 
ment of Tchernigof, Russia : Frag- 
mentary specimens of Kourgan pot- 
tery (4S901 : exchange). 

Kkantz, Dr. F., Bonn, Germany : 
About 2.500 specimens, representing 
419 species, of Paleozoic trilobites 
and brachiopods (48116: exchange). 

Kkefft, H., Paddington, New South 
Wales, Australia : Photograph of a 
diamond snake from Austi'alia 
(47557). 

KxJEHLiNG, J. H., Mount Vernon, Va. : 
Snake, Diadophis, from Virginia 
(4S75S). 

KuNZE, R. E., Phoenix, Ariz, : 2 speci- 
mens of living cactus, Opiintia, from 
Colorado (47623) ; 5 specimens of 
cactus, Opuntia kunzei, from Ari- 
zona (476S0) ; specimen of living 
cactus, Opuntia Icunzci, from Ari- 
zona (47731) ; specimen of cactus, 
Opuntia chloratica, from Arizona 
(47806) ; beetle, 2Iacrobasis ochrea 
(47834) ; a living plant, Stylophyl- 
lum, from California (47902) ; 4 
cacti, Opunlid, from Arizona (48229). 

Lacet, Howard. Kerrville, Tex. : 7 
skulls of mammals (47S53) ; speci- 
mens of Mamillaria hcydcri and 
Echinocereus caespitosa (48110) : 
gray squirrel, Sciurus durangi, 
Apache squirrel, Sciuru.'^ apache, and 
Gila chipmunk, Eutamius dorsal is 
(48114). 

Lamb, Dr. D. S., Army Medical Mu- 
seum, Washington, D. C. : 2 skeletons 
and a brain (48101) ; deformed skull 



Lamb, Dr. D. S. — Continued. 

of an unknown Indian, and the brain 
of a white man (48233) ; anatomical 
specimen (48316) ; anatomical speci- 
men (48589). 

liANKESTER, C. H., Sau Jose, Costa 
Rica (through William Schaus) : A 
collection of insects, chiefly Coleop- 
tera, from the Atlantic slope of Costa 
Rica (47781). 

Larrieu, E. p. R., Huachuca Siding, 
Ariz.: Gila monster, Heloderma lior- 
ridurn, from Mexico (48321). 

Lausanne, Switzerland, Botanical 
Museum of the University : 310 
plants from Central Europe and 
Mediterranean countries (48058: ex- 
change). 

I.AWTON, Fritz Hamilton, Rincon An- 
tlnio, Oaxaca, Mexico : Hemipteron, 
Lcptoglossus dilaticoUis (48348). 

Lay, Mrs. Richard G., Washington, 
D. C. : 14 pieces of antique art tex- 
tiles, including 9 boxes (48S07: 
loan). 

Lee, Willis T.. U. S. Geological Sur- 
vey, Washington, D. C. : Sample of 
halotrichite from Blossom mine, near 
Cedaredge, Colo. (48040). 

Leeds, Mrs. Emily L., Roxbury, Mass. : 
Blue china fruit dish and platter 
(12584: loan). 

Leger, J. N.. envoy exti-aordinary and 
minister plenipotentiary from Haiti, 
Washington, D. C. : 104 models of 
Haitian fruits and vegetables 
(48854). 

Le Hardy, J. C, contract surgeon. 
U. S. Army, Savannah, Ga. : Skin 
and 2 skulls of tamarao ; skin and 7 
skulls of Philippine deer ; skin of a 
crocodile (47722). 

Leiberg, J. B.. Leaburg, Oreg. : Speci- 
men of moss from Arizona (48250). 

Leipzig, Germany, Stadtisches Mu- 
seum FUR Volkerkunde ; Collection 
of ethnological material from Togo 
and Senegambia, Africa (4S5S5: ex- 
change). 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



89 



LfXAN'D Stanford Junior University. 
Stanford University, Cal. : 2 speci- 
mens of Rimicola muscarum, col- 
lected by Dr. Harold Heath at Ta- 
cific Grove, Cal. (4S069) ; crabs. 
Cancer antcnnarius, C. jordani and 
C. gihbosulus (48384) ; types and 
cotypes of fislies from Japan, Mex- 
ico, California, and the Philippine 
Islands (48469) ; fishes from Japan, 
Hawaii. California, and other lo- 
calities (48924). 

Lens, Miss Albertine, Uti-echt, Hol- 
land : 3 specimens of Pilocereus 
lanuginosiis from Curagao (48835). 

Leon, Brother, Colegio de la Salle, 
Yedado, Habana, Cnba : 30 Cuban 
ferns (48516). 

Leonard, August, Batavia, Ark. : 5 
small arrowpoints (48301). 

Le Souef, W. H. D., director, geolog- 
ical survey, Melbourne, Australia : 
Stone hatchet from a shell kitchen- 
midden near Sorento, Victoria 
(47703: exchange). 

Lewis, A. E., jr., Washington, D. C. : 
Centipede from Arkansas (47717). 

Lewis, Benton, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : 5 specimens of living cacti 
cultivated in Washington, D. C. 
(47637). 

Lewis, Lieut. George C, U. S. Army, 
Mindanao, P. I. : 2 skulls of monkeys, 
Macaca, 5 shells and 7 acorns from 
Lake Lanao, Mindanao (480.58). 

Linton, Edwin, Washington, Pa. : 
Tyijes and cotypes of parasites of 
Bermuda fishes (48087). 

Littrell. C. F., Austin, Nev. : Speci- 
men of cactus, Optinlia pohjacanthd 
(48136). 

Lloyd, F. E., Tucson, Ariz. : 48 living 
specimens of Mexican cacti (48667) ; 
^ specimens of living cacti, Mamil- 
lariu ihurheri, from Arizona 
(48097). 

Lloyd, Mrs. K., Richmond, Va. : Piece 
of ticking showing natural feather- 
ing from long use (48289). 

LoDiNG, H. P., Mobile, Ala. : 6 speci- 
mens of Coleoptera (48020). 



London, England. British Museum 
OF Natural History : 95 Orthoptera 
(48173: exchange). 

Lopez. Joseph O., Maynard, Md. : In- 
terhaemal bone of a s])ade-fish, Chac- 
todiptcnis faber (48053). 

Loring, Mr.s. Malek A., Chicago, 111. : 

Remington revolver, holster, and 

belt, formerly owned by Mr. Loring, 

1802-1907 (47923). 
LouNSBURY, Charles P., government 

entomologist. Cape Town, Soutli 

Africa: bees (47745). 
Love, Robert E.. Erwin, Tenn. : Stone 

implements (48808). 
Lovell, F. H., & Co., Arlington, N. J. : 

A Hitchcock lamp (48875). 

LovETT, Edward, Croydon, England : 2 
specimens of fishing gear from the 
coast of Galway, Ireland (48098) ; 
set of Maundy money, 1908 (48088: 
exchange). 

Lowe, Fred. B., Melrose Highlands, 
Mass. : 13 mosquitoes, Aeclcs cania- 
tor (48763). 

Lowndes, Mrs. James, Washington, 
D. C. : Oil painting entitled " Cross- 
ing the Ferry," by Adrien Moreau. 
Presented in memory of her father, 
Lucius Tuckerman (48532). 

LuT)L0w, Miss C. S.. Washington, 
D. C. : l8 insects from the Philip- 
pine Islands (48646). 

Lyon, Marcus W., jr., U. S. National 
Museum : 2 photographs of a Philip- 
pine water buffalo, Bos buhali'i 
(48405). 

Lyon, Dr. Martha ]M. B., Washington. 
D. C. : Anatomical specimen (48304). 

Lyons, H. G. (See under Egyptian 
Government. ) 

MacDougal, D. T., Tucson, Ariz. : 7 
specimens of living cacti from New 
Mexico and Arizona (47740) : 10 
specimens of cacti (47769) ; 2 speci- 
mens of Agave from Arizona 
(48834). 

McCoMB, George T., Lockport, N. T. : 
Niagaran fossils from -the western 
part of New York (48026: ex- 
change). 



90 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



McCoy, Capt. Frank R., U. S. Army. 
(See imder Col. K. B. Babbitt, U. S. 
Arnij'. ) 

McDonald, J. M., Globe, Ariz. : Speci- 
men of westei'ii hereules beetle, 
Di/nastcs graniii (4S121). 

McElhose, Henry, St. Louis, Mo. : 150 
siiecimens of Porto Rieau Lepidop- 
tera (4S10T: exchange). 

McGee, Mrs. Anita Newcomb, Wasb- 
incton, D. C. : Vase from a Korean 
tomb (4S502: loan). 

McGuiRE. J. D., Washington, D. C. : 
Sash of a Creek Indian (48102) : 
war horn made from an African ele- 
phant's tusk (48202). 

McNaughton, George A., San Marcos, 
Tex. : Skull of an alligator, Alligator 
niixsis-si/iijioifiii^, from near Sau Mai'- 
cos (48735). 

Mackie, David B., Washington, D. C. : 
10 birds' skins from Aarious locali- 
ties (47724) ; meadow lark, Stur- 
nella magna (48514). 

Mackintosh, James, Deer Isle, Me. : 
Specimen of rbodochrosite and a 
sample of rock from Deer Isle 
(47859; 48501). 

Macoun, John. Ottawa, Canada : 
Snake, Xatrix, from Canada (47980) ; 
154 specimens of mosses (484S0: 
purchase). 

Mall, F. P., Anatomical Laboratory, 
Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, Md. : Anatomical specimens 
(48410). 

Mallet, J. W., Charlottesville, Va. : 
Specimen of silica and one of fur- 
nace graphite (47574). 

Marloff, Fred., Oak Station, Pa. : 
67 specimens of Microlepidoptera 
(48449). 

Marsh. G. E., Georgetown, Colo.: 3 
living plants from Colorado (47774). 

Marshall, Ernest B., Laurel, Md. : 
Skin and skull of a weasel, Putorius. 
and 4 skulls of mink, Lutreohi. 
(48177) : shrew (48195) ; 3 mice, 
Microtus pinetoruiii, M. pennsylvani- 
cus and Peromyscus leucopus 
(48222) ; fishes, Esox amerieanus. 



^Lvkshall, P^rnest B. — Continued. 
E. rcticuUitus, Aphredoderus naija- 
inis and Erimyzon obJongus (48819). 

Marshall. George, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Cicada-killer, Sphccins spc- 
ciosiis (47784) ; skin and skull of 
swamp rabbit, Limnolagiis, from Til- 
lery. Halifax County, N. C. (48223) ; 
mounted group of killdees (48371: 
purchase). 

Marshall, Miss May. Page, W. Va. : 
Old gold-brocade skirt and shoulder 
piece, which belonged originally to 
Eleanor Bowles Gooeh, of Mrginia 
(48823: loan). 

Marvin, Dr. M. F., contract surgeon, 
U. S. Army, Fort Mansfield. R. I.: 
Ichneumonid. Lnmpronota awrricana 
(47818). 

Mason, C. S., Jonesboro, Tenu. : Photo- 
graph of prehistoric stone objects 
(47936). 

Maxon, Samuel A.. Oneida. N. Y. : 15 
living plants, Hcpatica acuta 
(48578). 

May', Miss Alma. Washington, D. C. : 
Egg shell filled with plaster of I'aris 
(48421). 

Maynard, Henry W., Ketchikan, Alas- 
ka : Plant, Boschniakia glabra 
(47857). 

Mayo, N. S., Estacion Agronomica Cen- 
tral, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba : 
8 specimens of Succlnea fiilgcns 
(47597) ; 9 species of Cuban land 
shells (47649). 

Mead. O. P., West Salisbury, Vt. : 
Snapping beetle, Alans ociilatus 
(47583). 

Mearns, Dr. E. A., U. S. Army, Manila, 
Philippine Islands : A large collec- 
tion of zoological, ethnological, and 
geological specimens from the Phil- 
ippine Islands (47782) ; 2 rain coats 
from Batan Island, opposite South 
Formosa (47867) ; 17 bird skins 
from the Philippine Islands (48077) ; 
collection of ethnological and nat- 
ural history specimens from the 
Philippine Islands (48134). (See 
under Dr. Pascoe and Maj. John R. 
White.) 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908, 



91 



Merchant. Miss M., Robert T.ee, Tex. : 

Hen's egg, nearly spherical in shape 

(48541). 
Merrick, Frank A., New Brighton, 

Pa. : 69 specimens of Lepidoptera 

(4S062). 

Merrill. Elmer D., Manila, P. I. : 
Piece of :Manciaya cloth from ^lin- 
danao (47664). 

Merrill, George P., U. S. National 
Museum : Glazed tile and fragments 
of pottery from Armenia (4S409). 

Merrill, Miss H. B. : About 500 in- 
sects, a reptile, shells, and nuts 
(48271). 

Mestayer, R. L., Lambton Quay. Wel- 
lington, New Zealand : Diatomaceous 
and foramiuiferous earths from the 
Oamaru district, New Zealand 
(4S372). 

Mexico, City of, Mexico : Instituto 
Medico Nacional : Leaf-base of Ma- 
guey Agave sp., attacked by a fun- 
gus (47567) ; seeds from Mexico 
( 48075 : exchange ) . 

Meyrick, Edward, Thoruhanger, Marl- 
borough, England : 30 specimens of 
Lepidoptera, cotypes of East Indian 
species (48429) ; 29 specimens of 
Microlepidoptera (48600) ; 21 speci- 
mens of Australian ^licrolepidoptera 
(48769). 

MiCHAELis, Lieut. Otho E., U. S. 
Army, Cienfuegos, Cuba : 12 sponges 
from Bahia de Cochinos (47707). 

Miles, Charles, Greenriver, Utah : 3 
larvaa of a fly, EiistaUs (47544). 

Miller, Dr. G. Brown, Washington, 
D. C. : Anatomical specimen (48557). 

Miller, Rev. John, Wayne, Pa. : Poi- 
soned arrows from Africa (48396). 

Miller, Miss Mary F., Washington, 
D. C. : 75 plants from the northeast- 
ern part of the United States 
(48553) ; 15 plants, Botrychiuin, 
from New York and Vermont 
(48001) ; 2 specimens of plants, 
Tiarella cordifolia, from Maryland 
(48745). 



Miller, Zack, The 101 Ranch, James- 
town Exposition, Va. : Collection of 
implements from an Indian mound 
on the James River (47099); hide 
and skeleton of an American buffalo. 
Bison bison (47757). 

Mills, W. C, Jamestown Exposition, 
Va. : 2 fossils (47968). 

Mills, W. J., Atlanta, Ga. : 
Moth, Chlaenogramma jasminearum 
(48446). 

Minnesota, University of, Minneapo- 
lis, Minn. : 10 plants, Laciniaiia, 
from Minnesota (47860: exchange). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Mo. ; Specimen of living 
plant, Xeotrelcasia (47749) ; 636 
plants collected by Liudheimer in 
the southwestern part of the United 
States (48003) ; 4 living plants, 
Tlwmpsonclla, from Mexico (48247). 
Exchange. 

Mitchell, Miss Evelyn Groesbeeck, 
Washington, D. C. : Types of 4 new 
species of Chironomidae (47980) ; 
family Bible printed in Dutch, 1741 
(12481: loan). 

Mitchell, Hon. John D., Victoria, 
Tex. : Snake and frog from Texas 
(48254) ; 2 plants, Qiicrcus, from 
Texas (48545). 

Mitchell, Hon. Mason, American con- 
sul, Chung-king, West China : Skin 
and skull of a male specimen of 
Takin, Bitdorcas taxicolor (48896). 

Mock, M. G., Muncie, Ind. : Flint ar- 
rowpoint (47778). 

MoNTANDON, A. L., Bucarcst, Rouma- 
nia : Snakes from Europe (4S.'^.99). 

Moore, Clarence B., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Skulls from burial mounds on 
the Arkansas River, Ark. (48603). 

Moore, J. E., Fairbury, 111.; Archeo- 
logical stone implements (48306: 
exchange ) . 

Morgan, Dr. E. L., Washington, D. C. : 
2 bulbs, Camas, from Washington 
State; one edible, and a popular 
article of food among the Indians; 
the other, poisonous (4S874). 



92 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Morgan, Mrs. G. W., Zanesvillo, Ohio: 
Commissious of Geu. G. W. Morgan, 
and a fliut-lock pistol carried by liim 
ill tlio l)attle of Cbnrubusco, Mexico 
(■iVMS). 

MoRHART, Curt, Ensfeld Post Dolln- 
stein. Middle Franconia, Germany : 
Fossils from the Jura region M8525 : 
exchange). 

Morton, Dr. William James, New 
York City : Portrait in oil of Dr. 
William T. G. Morton, a pioneer in 
the use of ether as an anaesthetic 
(48266). 

Mowbray, L. L., Bermuda Museum, 
Hamilton, Bermuda : Bones of the 
" Cahow " bird from a limestone 
cave at Bailey's Bay, Bermuda 
(47554). 

MuHSE, Mrs. Effa F., Bloomington, 
Ind. : Toad (48693). 

MuNDT, Walter, Mahlsdorf bei Ber- 
lin, Germany: Seeds of Erlrinocact us 
saselhergii (48556). 

MuNGER, H. W., Chester, Pa. : Piece of 
Jusi cloth from Tloilo, Panay Island. 
Philippines (47947 ) . 

MuNN & Co., Xew York City: Bronze 
copy of the medal awarded by the 
Scientific American for the best de- 
vice for the protection of life and 
limb (48030). 

Murdoch, John, jr., Deadwood, S. 
Dak. : Specimen of Dakota red 
squirrel, Sciiirus hudsniiicus dal-n- 
tcnsis (48496). 

Murray, Sir John, Edinburgh, Scot- 
land : Fossil corals from Christmas 
Island, Indian Ocean (48351). 

MuRTFELDT, Miss Mary, Kirkwood, 
Mo. : 22 specimens of Microlepidop- 
tera (48679). 

MusEE D'HisToiRE Naturelle. (See 
under Elbeuf. France.) 

Museo Nacional. ( See under San 
Jose, Costa Kica.) 

Museum of Natural History. (See 
under Paris, France.) 

National Society, Children of the 
American Revolution (through 
Mrs. A. A. Kendall) : Patchwork 
quilt (48825: loan). 



National Society of the Colonial 
Dames of America, Washington, 
D. C. : Colonial relics lent to the 
Society by Mrs. John Cropper and 
Mrs. R. R. Hoes (48342) ; silver, 
open-face watch, lent by Mr. Louis 
Randolph ^layo; ])ondant earrings 
and tray (silver plated on copper), 
lent by Mrs. George W. Mayo; silver 
spoons, lent by Arthur Randolph 
]\Iayo ; and coat, vest, knee breeches, 
and sash, lent by Mr. George Dag- 
worthy Mayo (48631) ; oval shoe 
buckles with brilliants, lent to the 
society by Gen. William RutHii Cox; 
oblong shoe buckles with brilliants, 
fans, and a punch ladle, lent to the 
society by Mrs. William RufRn Cox 
(48632) ; minature portrait of Cath- 
erine Thomson of New York, wife of 
Col. Isaac Coles, of Virginia, an 
officer in the Revolutionary Armj' 
and a Member of Congress ; fan 
presented to Miss Elizabeth Catesby 
on the occasion of her wedding, lent 
by the Virginia Society ; prayer book 
printed in Edinburgh in 1770 ; steel 
engraving of a part of the interior 
of St. Paul's Cathedral, lent by 
Mrs. James L. Harper ; silver 
pitcher and platter of the time of 
King George III, lent by the District 
of Columbia Society (48860; 48861; 
48862) ; colonial relics received from 
Mrs. William B. Beekman, New 
York City (48673) ; silver bowl won 
by the race horse Trial on the New- 
market race course. South Carolina, 
in 1768 (48185) ; stoneware jug 
with silver handle and top, brought 
to America on the Mayflower ; 2 
silver candlesticks, probably of the 
time of Charles II ; 2 glass decan- 
ters with tops ; 6 colonial East India 
soup plates ; 6 colonial East India 
dinner plates (4S295). Loan. 

National Society of the Daughters 
OF THE American Revolution, Mrs. 
Donald McLean, president-general ; 
Jewel trunk, a relic of Revolutionary 
days (487S9: loan). 

Navas, Rev. Longings, Colegio del Sal- 
vador, Zaragoza, Spain : 2 specimens 
of Neuroptera (48244). 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



93 



Nebraska, University ok, Lincoln, 
Nebr. : Specimen of plant, Rihc.s, col- 
lected in Nebraska by P. A. Rydberg, 
being a portion of the type of Rihcs 
aureum chrysococcmn (48G71). 

Nellis, L. r., Turkey, Ariz. : 3 speci- 
mens of the lizard. ^^aiiroDinliis atrr. 
from Arizona (-ISST*)). 

Nelson, Hon. Knute, United States 
Senate: Specimen of rock salt ob- 
tained about 30 miles from Salt 
Lake (4ST10). 

Nettles, T. D., jr., Buffalo, Tex. : 
Specimen of Phengodcs (4S584). 

Newcastle on Tyne, England, Han- 
cock ^Museum : Collection of fossil 
vertebrates. Invertebrates, and plants 
from the coal measures and the Per- 
mian of England (48563: exchange). 

New York Botanical Garden, New 
York City : 3 specimens of living 
cacti from the West Indies (47553) : 
^Ccrcus hpidotiis material from 
Hope Gardens, Jamaica, and 2 sheets 
of Crassulaceae (47589) ; 358 plants 
from the Bahamas (47601) ; 2 speci- 
mens of living plants from Palermo, 
Italy (47022) : 12 ferns mainly from 
tropical America ; also 6 photographs 
of ferns of tropical American species. 
Aiifroplijfinii (47700) : 2 specimens of 
cactus Ccplialoccrciis, from Guade- 
loupe (47719) ; 149 plants from the 
Bahamas (47734) ; 20 living plants. 
Cactaceae, from various localities 
(47738) ; 87 plants collected in J;i- 
maica (47882) ; 415 plants from 
Utah (47S91) ; specimen and 8 pho- 
tographs of Mexican plants collected 
by Lieberman (47911) ; specimen 
of CcufropJnjuiH diissiannm from 
Guadeloupe (48035) ; 1,064 plants 
from the Philippine Islands and 61 
plants from the Barbados (48403) ; 
34 ferns from British Guiana 
(48707) ; specimen of cotton. fVo.s-- 
sjipiinii, fi'om Jamaica (48714: ex- 
change). 

New York City, College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, Columbia Uni- 
versity : Collection of osteological 
material (48228: exchange). 



New York State College of Agri- 
culture, Ithaca, N. Y. : 4 specimens 
of Hymenoptera {Eroxij^oina viti-s, 
from New York State (48831). 

NiCHOLLS, J. Howard, Galway, N. Y. : 
Rock and crystals (48012: ex- 
change). 

Nightingale, Rev. Robert C, Beech- 
amwell Rectory, Swaffham, Eng- 
land : Collection of fire-making ap- 
paratus (47646). 

Noyes, IMiss ]Mary, AVashingtoii, D. C. : 
Collection of old embroideries and 
laces made by and formerly belong- 
ing to niemb(n'S of the Plimpton 
family of Soutlibridge and Stur- 
bridge, Mass. (48070). 

Odell, Milton L., Washington, D. C. : 
2 turtles from E^lorida (48323). 

Offutt, Winsor. Bethesda, Md. : Runt 
egg of house wren. Troglodytes acdon 

(48582). 

Ohio State University, Columbus, 
Ohio : 16 ferns from Guatemala 
(48025) : 280 plants collected in 
Guatemala by Prof. W. A. Keller- 
man (48508: exchange). 

Oldtown Canoe Company, Oldtowu, 
Me. : Miniature canvas-covered ca- 
noe (47826). 

Orcutt, Charles R., San Diego, Cal. : 
Fragments of pottery from ^Mexico 
(48293). 

Osburn, Raymond E., Barnard Col- 
lege, Columbia University, New York 
City: 3 specimens of isopod, Pcnti- 
dotca whitei, from Vancouver 

(48507). 

Ostendorf, B., Vincennes, Ind. : 2 two- 
valve specimens of Unio hcros from 
Indiana (482.32). 

( >swell, Mrs. C. A., Washington, D. C. : 
Collection of old French, Dresden, 
Sevres, Crown Derby, Chelsea, Na- 
lioleon. and other chinaware (48844: 
loan). 

Ottawa, Canada, Central Experi- 
mental Farm, Department of Agri- 
culture : 2 specimens of Recurvaria 
gihsonella (48143). 



94 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Ottawa. Canada, Geological Survey 
OF : 7(1 plastotypes of Onondago and 
Hamilton fossil invertebrates 
H8090). 

Over, W. H., Clear Lake, S. Dak.: G 
species of Naiads from Wabash 
River, Illinois (48506). 

Painter. A. W.. I>ansdowne, Pa. : 3 
plants, Ficdiid /icdria, from Penn- 
sylvania (48605). 

Pallister, HtTGH D., Terlingua. Tex. : 
2 fossil shells from the Upper Cre- 
taceous related to Ostrca siibspatn- 
lata (47886) ; 11 specimens of Upper 
Cretaceous fossils (48150). 

Palmer, Edward, Washington, D. C. : 
195 specimens of living Cactaceae 
from Mexico (47559 : purchase) : 
several hundred specimens of land 
and freshwater shells from the 
State of Tamaulipas, Mexico 
(47596) ; 574 plants from Tamauli- 
pas (47771: purchase). 

Palmer, William, U. S. National Mu- 
seum : Skull of sloth bear, Melur- 
SHS (48357) ; 1,915 insects collected 
by Messrs. Mackie, Wood, Lyon, and 
Palmer (48511). 

Paris, France, Mltseum or Natural 
History : 12 specimens representing 
6 species of isopods from the east- 
ern part of Africa, collected by M. 
de Itothschild (48442) ; 29 specimens 
representing 7 species of isopods 
from the Charcot Expedition to the 
Antarctic (48494). Exchange. 
Parish, S. B., San Bernardino, Cal. : 
2 living cacti, Opiintki, from Cali- 
fornia (48135) ; plant, Rihcs paris- 
hii (48383). 
Parker, B. F., Bridgeton, N. J. : Speci- 
men of walking-stick. Diapheromcra 
vclici (47893). 
Parsons, A. A. Guadalajara, Mexico: 
2 grasshoppers, Taeniopoda (47742). 

Partello, ]\Iaj. J. M. T., U. S. Army, 
Malabang, Mindanao. Philippine Is- 
lands: 3 scorpions (48455; 48622); 
specimen of beetle from the Philip- 
pine Islands (48498). 



Pascoe, Doctor, Manila, Philippine Is- 
lands (received through Dr. Edgar 
A. Mearns, U. S." Army) : Skin of a 
snake. Pijthon reticuUitus. from Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands (48636). 

Batch, Miss Edith M.. Orono, Me. : 
Moth, Hetcrocampa (/uttivitta 
(48140) ; 4 pupae and a larva of Cro- 
cUjrapha normani (48750) ; 2 moths, 
cocoons and work of a tortricid 
(48813). 

Patchell, James, Knik, Cook Inlet, 
Alaska : Oligochaetous worm (48366). 

Patten, Miss Juliet, Washington, 

D. C. : 3 living plants, Seduni, from 

England (47587). 
Paull, Mrs. S. O., Wellsburg, W. Va. : 

Mole cricket, Gryllotalpa borealis 

(47894). 
Payn, Elias J., Olympia, Wash.: 

Young oysters (48858). 
Payne, Miss Bettie L., Brunswick, 

Md. : About 40 Devonian fossils 

from Maryland (48592). 

Penlan Slate Company, Penlan, Ya. : 
Slate from a quarry near Penlan 
(48637). 

Perkins, G. H., Burlington, Yt. : Neg- 
atives and photographs of type of 
fossil whale, Delphinapterus vcr- 
nioniiniKS, from Charlotte Town- 
ship, Yt. (47564: purchase). 

Pilsbry, H. a., Philadelphia, Pa.: 2 
specimens of a barnacle, Octohismis 
forrcsti. on the gills of PalinuiKs 
(ir(/iis, from Summerland Key, Fla. 
(4S216). 

Pinchot, Mrs. J. W., Washington, 
D. C. : Large collection of fans, 
laces, embroideries, paintings, etc. 
(48717: loan); beaded awl-case 
made by the northern Sioux In- 
dians (48784). 

Piper, C. Y., Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington. D. C. : 68 plants 
collected in Oregon by Kirk Whited 
and W. C. Cusiek (47912; 48402); 
2 ferns collected in the State of 
Washington by J. B. Flett (48466), 



KEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



95 



PiTTiER, H., Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. : 67 mosses 
and 338 plants from Central Amer- 
ica (47639: 47713) : 126 plants from 
Colombia, South America (47732) ; 
20 plants collected in Salvador by- 
Carlos Reuson (47823) : 2 crabs, 
P s e II d o t hcl I) h u s a cohancn.sis 
(48097). 

Polk, George W., San Antonio, Tex. : 
Silk badge of the Young Men's Na- 
tional Whig Convention, held in Bal- 
timore, May 4, 1840 (4S(»()1). 

Pollock, Miss A. L., Seattle, Wash.: 
Nest of Puget Sound brush tit, 
Psaltiipanis inininius staKratiis 
(47874). 

Powers, Fr.\nk, Harshaw. Ariz. : Sil- 
ver ore from World's Fair mines at 
Harshaw (48322). 

PoYSER, W. A., Philadelphia. Pa. : 3 
ferns collected in Pennsylvania 
(48538: exchange). 

Preston. A. E., Los Angeles, Cal. : 
Fossil sea biscuit, Asti-odapsis sp. 
(4831.5). 

Prestox, H. B., London, England : 21 
type specimens, representing 20 spe- 
cies, of land and fresh-water shells 
from Mexico. Central and South 
America (48704: purchase). 

Pringle, C. G., Burlington, Vt. : 264 
plants collected in Mexico (47.569: 
purchase) ; living plants from Nuevo 
Leon, Mexico (4762.5: exchange); 2 
living plants from Guerrero, Mex- 
ico (47681 : exchange) ; 10 living 
plants collected in Mexico (47809) ; 
31 Mexican plants (48237). 

Public Miseum, Milwaukee, Wis. : 
Cast of a large stone ax from Illi- 
nois (48675: exchange). 

Purpus. C. a.. Zacuapani, Puebla, Mex- 
ico : Living plants, Olivcrantlius and 
Echeveria, and seeds from Mexico 
(47578; 47785: 47754); 70 living 
plants from Mexico (479.39; 47971: 
purchase) ; specimen of Sedum from 
Orizaba, Mexico (48021) ; living 
specimen of Scdastrum from Vera 
Cruz (48182) ; seeds of Dahlia from 
Mexico (48278) ; 9 living cacti, 
Cercus, from Vera Cruz (48423). 
82065—09 7 



QuAiNTANCE, A. L., Department of Ag- 
riculture, Washington. D. C. : Type 
material of Aleurodcs hotvardi n. sp. 
from Cuba (47704). 

QuARTERMAX, OscAR F., Canaveral, 
Fla. : Egg capsule of nurse shark, 
Ginglymostoma cinatum (47814). 

Queen's T'xiversity. (See under 
Kingston, (Jntario. Canada. ) 

Ralph, Mrs. W. L., Washington. D. 
C. : 1,061 birds' egrs and 117 nests, 
forming part of the collection of the 
late Dr. W. L. Ralph (48683). 

Ransier. H. E., Manlius, N. Y. : 
Plants, Botrychium onondageme, 
from the central part of New York 

(48010). 

Ratiibux. Richard, U. S. National 
Museum : Pair of Tower pistols with 
bell mouths and brass barrels 
(12368: loan). 

Reed, Edwix C. Concepcion, Chile: 2 
photographs of a basking-shark, 
CetorJiinus iHaximus (47890). 

Reed, Mrs. Elizabeth A., Chicago. 111. : 
Shells and other invertebrate animals 
from the keys off Sarasota, Florida 
(48089). 

Reed, Fred. M., Riverside, Cal. : 2 
specimens of living cactus, Opuntia, 
from California- (48755). 

Reld, Mrs. Whitelaw, London. Eng- 
land (received through Mrs. James 
Pinchot) : Collar and pair of cuffs 
of Venetian point, latter part of 
XVIII century (48806). 

; Reuter, O. M., Abo. Finland : 20 speci- 
mens of Hemiptera (48.338: ex- 
change). 

Reynolds, Allen Jesse, Council Grove, 
Kans. : Fragmentary impressions of 
fossil leaves and associated rock 
(47915). 

Rho.^ds, I. Milton, Edge Hill, Pa.: 
Ilmenite from Edge Hill (47.565) ; 
limonite geodes (48213). Exchange. 

Richardson, Mrs. Charles W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Collection of English 
and German porcelains and silver 
(48.847: loan). 



96 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Richardson, Mrs. Thomas F., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Collection of art ob- 
jects, consisting of laces, embroider- 
ies, ivories, and other articles 
(48805: loan). 

RiCKER, P. L., Washington, D. C. : 
G,950 mounted and 2,000 unmounted 
specimens of fungi (48196: deposit) : 
1,000 specimens of fungi (4S197). 

RicKSECKER, L. E., San Diego, Cal. : 
About 100 moths (48G38). 

RiDGWAY, Robert, V. S. National Mu- 
seum : 5 birds' skins and a partial 
.skeleton of a bird (48147). 

Riley, J. H.. V. S. National Museum : 
25 birds' skins from Europe, Mo- 
rocco, and the Canary Islands 
(482.39). 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Instituto de 
Manguinhos : 26 species of mosqui- 
toes from Brazil (48659: exchange). 

Rivera. Manuel J., Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. : 
About 125 beetles from Southern 
Chile (47706). 

RoBBiNS, Charles P., Spokane, Wash. : 
Samples of tin ore from Spokane tin 
mines (47797). 

Robertson, Mrs. T. C, Columbia, S. C. : 
Collection of pottery made by the 
Catawba Indians, and 25 unmounted 
photographs illustrating their native 
customs, etc. (48736: purchase). 

Robeson, Mrs. G. M., Washington, 
D. C. : Fan and piece of Greek lace 
(48803: loan). 

Robinson, Maj. Wikt, U. S. Army, 
West Point, N. Y. : Mammals, birds, 
and insects from various localities 
(48359) : about 50 insects (48618). 

RoHWER, S. A., Florissant, Colo.: 
Moths and mosquitoes (47631 : ex- 
change) ; about 175 insects (48108). 

RoHWER, S. A., and T. I). A. Cocke- 
rell. Boulder, Colo. : 46 specimens 
of mosquitoes, representing the spe- 
cies Culiseta impatiens {^ahsohri- 
nus) and JEdcs stbnulaiis { = vitta- 
tus=al)frtchii) (47555). 



Rolle. H., Berlin, Germany: 166 lots, 
comprising several hundred land 
shells from the Philippine Islands. 
China, Mexico, Africa, etc. (from 
the Molleudorff collection and other 
sources) (47729: purchase). 

■ Roosevelt, Hon. Theodore. President 

I of the United States: A beautifully 

embroidered Arabian saddle-cloth 

(47815) ; model, in brass, of an 

Egyptian obelisk (48118). 

Roosevelt. Mrs. Theodore, The White 
House: Painted fan with carved 
ivory sticks, and a handkerchief nf 
Phllipi)ine drawnwork and embroid- 
ery (48732: loan). 

Roosevelt, Quentin, The White 
House: Bird, CcrtJiia familinris 
ai)icric(iii(i (47904). 

Rosenstock, E,. Gotha, Germany : 99 
ferns from southern Brazil (48113: 
purchase). 

Rossignol. (i. R., Jr., Savannah. Ga. : 
Nests and eggs of seaside sparrow, 
Ammodramus m(iriti))uis, and Wonu- 
ington's marsh wren, Telmaiodytcs 
(jrificiix. with 2 ]iarent birds of the 
latter (47538). 

Rowley, J., Palo Alto, Cal. : Shrew, 
Sorcx ra(/r<ins (48684). 

Royal Botanic Garden. (See under 
Calcutta, India.) 

Royal Botanic Gardens. (See imder 
Kew, I.,ondon. England.) 

Royal Botanical Museum. (See un- 
der Berlin, Germany.) 

Royal ^Museum of Natural History. 
(See under Vienna. Austria.) 

RoYSTER. Alphonso, Suffolk, Vn. : 2 
purple finches, Carpodacns piirinirnts 
(48448). 

RuGG, Harold G., Hanover, N. H. : 11 
ferns from New England (48456: 
exchange). 

Russell, Col. A. H., U. S. Army (re- 
tired), AVashington, D. C. : Collec- 
tion of small arms and appliances 
(48192). 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



97 



Ryder. Dr. Emily B., Cliicago, 111.: 
Parsl schoolgirl's suit, or "God 
jacket" (4S7S6: purchase). 

Saffohd. W. E., Department of Agri- 
culture, Washiugton, D. C. : Robe 
made from skins of an American 
ostrich, Rhea atncricana, collected in 
Patagonia (4TSG9) ; cutlasses, lance- 
heads, etc., from the island of Guam 
(48513). 

St. John. Edward P., Hartford. Conn. : 
Fragments of human bones from the 
eastern bank of the Connecticut 
River at South ^Yindsor (48495). 

St. Nicholas Society', New York City : 
Bronze portrait medallion of Wash- 
ington Irving (^48249). 

Sanders. B. L., Selmer, Tenn. : Pupa 
of a beetle, Dunastcfs tityiis (47843). 

San Jose, Costa Rica, Museo Na- 
cional: Fishes from Costa Rica 

(48787). 

Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba, Esta- 
cioN Central Agronomica : 3 speci- 
mens of Mimosa from Cuba (470(31 : 
exchange) ; 200 Cuban plants 
(47768) ; 7 specimens of tropical 
American plants (47737: exchange) ; 
62 Cuban ferns (47810). 

Sao Paulo. Brazil. Instituto Serum- 
THERAPico do Estado de Sao Paulo : 
13 snakes from South America 
(48633: exchange)". 

Sauter, H., Takao, South Formosa : 
Fishes, reptiles, and invertebrates 
from Formosa (48795: purchase). 

Schaffer, Charles, Glen Echo, Md. : 
Skin of an otter, Littnt caiiddcnsis 
(48921); skin of Lutra canadensis 
(47991: purchase). 

SCHAUS, ^YILLIAM. Costa Rica, Central 
America : A very interesting lot of 
mounted and unmounted Lepidop- 
tera, comprising about 5.000 speci- 
mens from Costa Rica and Panama, 
collected by the donor (48286) ; 
about 2.500 specimens of I.epidop- 
tera (48552) ; about 700 specimens 
of Lepidoptera (48690). (See also 
under C. H. Lankester.) 



Schley', Mrs. F. W., Washington. 
D. C. : English silver teapot (48843: 
loan). 

Schmid, Edward S., Washington, 
D. C. : Solitaire, Myadcstcs unicolor 
(48607). 

Schroder, Corpl. Ivorert A., Fort Ma- 
son. Cal. : Birds and mammals from 
Basilan (48080). 

Scidmore, Miss Eliza R.. Washington, 
D. C. : Chinese and Japanese porce- 
lains (48727: loan); model of Bor- 
gnnd church, Norway (48809). 

Scott, John W., IIeius of: An old- 
style melopean presented through 
Mrs. G. W. Woodborne, Uhrichsville, 
Ohio (47966). 

Sears, John H., Peabody Museum, Sa- 
lem, Mass. : Fossil bryozoan, Shizo- 
porella unicornis, from Bass River, 
Beverly, Mass. (48045) ; bryozoans 
from Bass River, Beverly, and Dan- 
vers River (483.39). 

Seelinger, Steve, Norfolk, Va. : Speci- 
men of ocean sunfish. Main mala. 
taken from near Virginia Beach, 
and a parasitic copepod, PcnncUa sp. 
(48666). 

Seton-Karr, H. W., Wimbledon, Lon- 
don, England: Drawings and photo- 
graphs of tiint implements collected 
in the Fayum, Egypt (47645) ; col- 
lection of prehistoric stone objects 
from Egypt and India (47957). 

Seward, Miss Olive Risley, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 13 pieces of Nymphen- 
berg ware (48845: loan). 

Shantz, H. L.. Columbia, Mo. : 4 
si)ecimens of living cacti, Opuntia, 
from Missouri (48152: exchange). 

Shearer. C. B.. Llano, Tex. : Speci- 
men of wollastonite (48086). 

Sheets, G. A., Weston, Mich. : Great 
horned owl. Bubo virginianus, from 
Michigan (47901). 

Sherman, F., Raleigh, N. C. : Sala- 
mander from Fairfax County, Va. 
(48737). 

Sherman, John D., jr., Brooklyn 
N. Y. : Beetle, Scutopterus angustus 
(47813). 



98 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Shrevf% Forrest, Raltiuiore, Md. : 105 
jilaiits from Marylaud (47831 ; 
47955). 

Shull. Dr. George H.. Santa Rosa, 
Cal. : Speeiuit'ii of living caetns, 
(>l)Uiiti(i, from Texas; also specimen 
of Opuntia from California (484.53). 

SiCARD, Jacques, Golfe-.Jnan, A. M., 
France : Plaqne illnstrating the do- 
nor's "metallic Ulster ware" 
(47G62). 

Sim. T. R., Pietermaritzburg, Natal, 
South Africa : 3 fragmentary siieci- 
mens of ferns, AsplcniiDH, from 
Sonth Africa (48268). 

SiMPSox. W. W.. Taocbow, Old City. 
Kansu, China : Specimen of Cordy- 
crpK cliincnsis, parasitic upon the 
larva of a beetle (48778). 

Sinclair, Dr. W. J.. Princeton. N. J. : 
Teeth of Phytosaunis from Fossil 
Forest, near Adamana, Arizona 
(48564). 

SiTz, Miss Clara B., Washington, 
D. C. : 2 photographs of the Key 
Mansion, Washington. D. C. (47663). 

Slater. W. M.. Washington, D. C. : 2 
specimens of rutile ore from Rose- 
land. Ya. (484.35). 

Smalls, Emile B., Cedarville, Cal. : 
Promissory note issued by the first 
Republic of France (48350). 

Smillie. Thomas W.. Washington, 
D. C. : Scolytid beetle, Monarthron 
fasciatum, with parasitic moth 
(48524). 

Smith, Adah L., National City, Cal. : 
Shells. Eulcthidium substriatum 
and riiasianeUa perforata (47863). 

Smith. Ben.tamin H., Philadelphia. 
Pa. : Plant, PimpineUa saxifraya, 
from Pennsylvania (48074). 

Smith. H. H., Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. : Collection 
of about 3,.500 insects: also about 
25 spiders from Alabama (48768). 

Smith, John B., New Brunswick, 
N. J.: 3 moths (cotypes) (47633: 
exchange) : .") larvae of Culex per- 
turbans (47900) ; larva, pupa, and 



Smith. John B. — Continued. 

l)upal skin of Culex perturbans 
(48830). 

Smith, John Donnell. Baltimore, 
Md. : 2 Gtiatemalan palms. Kinetos- 
tiyiiia (48] 24) : 145 specimens of 
ferns, Dryopteris. PolypodiiDn. etc.. 
mainly from Central America 
(48457) ; 2 specimens of Lechthi- 
daceae (48483). Loan. 

Smith. R. I.. West Raleigh, N. C. : 6 
specimens of Hymenoptera. Sigal- 
phus eurrulifDiis (48820). 

Smith. Stephen Decatur, bequest of 
(received through S. Decatur Smith, 
jr.) : Gold ring given by Capt. Rich- 
ard Soniers to Commodore Stephen 
Decatur, and after the death of the 
latter presented by his widow to 
Francis Gurney Smith. From him 
it descended to Stephen Decatur 
Smith, by whom it was bequeathed 
to the National Museum (48630). 

Smith, Dr. Thomas C, Washington. 
D. C. : 2 anatomical specimens 
(48712; 48187). 

Smith, W. D., Washington, D. C. : Nose 
whistle (48234). 

Smithsonian Institution : 

Collection of historical objects 
bequeathed to the Institution by 
Mr. Henry R. Magruder (received 
through Mr. Arthur C. Gibson) 
(47577) ; bronze medal presented to 
the Institution by Mrs. Maria H. 
Stinchfield, of Detroit, Mich. (47671) ; 
a pair of bronze flower-vases pre- 
sented to Mr. Charles Lanman in 
1883 by the Emperor of Japan, and 
now presented to the Smithsonian 
Institution by Mrs. Adeline Lanman 
(4700.")) ; vertebrate and inverte- 
brate fossils collected in Alaska by 
C. W. Gilmore (48004) : 35 plants, 
Cyperaceae, Orchidaceae, and Poa- 
ceae, collected in Guatemala by Mr. 
von Turckheini and presented by 
Capt. John Donnell Smith, Balti- 
more, Md. (48042) ; 85 plants, mainly 
Orchidaceae, Cyperaceae, and Poa- 
ceae. presented by Capt. John Don- 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



99 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd, 
nell Smith (4S06S) ; 22 plants from 
the Sello collection of the Botanical 
Museum, Berlin, Germany, presented 
by Capt. John Donnell Smith 
(48153) ; the Gustav Hambach col- 
lection representing the main divi- 
sions of the North American Paleo- 
zoic, including numerous echino- 
derms and a fine representation of 
Mississippi Valley Subcarboniferous 
fossils, also the types of a large 
number of Pentremites, fossil leaves, 
fishes, and some of the figured speci- 
mens of the old Shumard collection 
(48175) ; 3 skeletons of Eskimos, 
collected by C. W. Gilmore in 
Alaska (48191) ; collection of In- 
diana Niagarau fossils, purchased 
from J. R. Gilbert, Ubee, lud. 
(48201) ; pottery jar found by an 
Indian on the San Carlos Reserva- 
tion, Ariz., and obtained through the 
courtesy of the Commissioner of In- 
dian Affairs (48211) ; the 55-horse- 
power, 5-cylinder gasoline engine, 
used on Dr. Samuel P. Langley's 
aerodrome, 1903 (48265) ; a silver 
figurine from Bolivia, in the style 
of the Titicaca region, doubtless of 
native origin and belonging to the 
pre-Columbian period, presented by 
Dr. Thomas S. K. Morton, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. (4S276) ; life-preserver 
worn by Maj. J. ^Y. Powell during 
his famous exploration on the Green 
and Colorado rivers in 1869, and pre- 
sented by Mr. William R. Hawkins, 
Eden, Ariz., through Mr. Robert B. 
Stanton, New York City (48296) ; 
ethnological material from the Phil- 
ippine Islands, etc., presented bj- 
:Maj. George P. Ahern, U. S. Army 
(retired) (48368) ; a collection of 
corals, shells, and other inverte- 
brates from Flint Island, obtained 
l)y Mr. C. G. Abbot, of the Astro- 
physical Observatory, in connection 
with the solar eclipse expedition 
(48373) ; 27 plants, mainly Guate- 
malan orchids, presented by Capt. 
John Donnell Smith (48470) ; 48 
speciemns of Guatemalan orchids, 
presented by Capt. John Donnell 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd. 
Smith (48537) ; 139 plants collected 
chiefly by Lehmann in Colombia and 
Central America, presented by Capt. 
John Donnell Smith (4S569) ; about 
5,000 specimens of Cambrian fossils 
from British Columbia, and about 
2.500 from Montpelier, Idaho, col- 
lected by Dr. Charles D. Walcott 
and party during tlie summer of 
1907 (4S712) ; 12 pieces of pottery 
purchased through the Office of In- 
dian Affairs by Horton M. Miller, 
superintendent Moqui Agency, Keams 
Canon. Ariz. (48724). 

Bureau of America n EthnoJouy: 
Collection of ethnological specimens 
and plants made by Mrs. M. C. Ste- 
venson in the pueblos of Zuiii and 
Taos, N. Mex. (47686) ; aboriginal 
soapstone objects from a quarry on 
Connecticut avenue extended (Rose 
Hill), collected by W. H. Gill 
(47687); large steatite pipe illus- 
trating the use of the ordinary 
pump-drill, made by G. Wiley Gill ; 
arrow-points collected in a village 
site in Sussex County, Del., by G. 
Wiley Gill (47688) ; small bronze 
(hawk) bell frcm a mound in Ala- 
bama, obtained by Peter A. Brannon, 
of Montgomery, Ala. (47689) ; iron 
or steel hammer picked up on the 

. beach at Coan River, lower Poto- 
mac, by De Lancy Gill (47690) ; 
Hopi notched '"fiddle" and 2 perfo- 
rated bits of metal, presented by 
Mrs. H. T. Hall, Chicago, 111. 
(47691) : stone ax and flaked im- 
plements from Popes Creek, Md., 
collected by W. H. Holmes (47692) ; 
cast of a stone ax belonging to D. 
I. Bushnell, of St. Louis, Mo. 
(47963) ; steatite pot from Mecklen- 
burg County, Va. (47964) ; basket- 
box made by the Chitimacha Indians 
of Louisiana, collected by J. R. Swan- 
ton (47965) ; 2 grooved axes and a 
hammer-stone (47996) ; collection of 
objects representing the industrial 
and social life of the Tahltan In- 
dians, Stikine River, British Colum- 
bia, collected by George T. Emmons 
(47997) ; 2 human skulls, one from 



100 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd, 
a burial inouiul in La Push, Wash., 
tlu' othiT from a cave in Tulaski 
County, Mo. (48189) ; 15 plants 
collected by Mrs. Matilda C. Steven- 
son in New Mexico (4S230) ; collec- 
tion of bones and fragmentary 
pottery made by Gerard Fowke from 
mounds in Central Missouri, under 
the auspices of the St. Louis Society 
of the Archeological Institute of 
America (48441) ; surface pebbles 
from the mouth of the Colorado 
liiver, ^lexico, collected by D. L. 
Gill in 1900 (48519) ; collection of 
archeological objects resulting from 
explorations made in Florida in lS9u 
by the late F. H. Gushing, under the 
joint auspices of the Bureau ot 
American Ethnology and the Arch- 
eological Association of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania (48531) ; col- 
lection of Indian relics recently re- 
ceived from C. W. Weigel, of Kenue 
wick, Wash. (48682). 

Xatio)iaI Zoohiyical Park: Laugh- 
ing gull, Luni8 (UriciUa; white- 
faced ibis, Plcgudis gmiraiina 
(47547) ; canvasback duck, Aythyu 
vallisncria, Franklin's gull, Lants 
fniuklliii (;47.j48) ; 3 specimens of 
spoonbill, Ajaja ajaja, willet, t^ym- 
ijJicniia inonuita (47549) ; Cuban 
deer, Odocoileus, 2 specimens of 
mule deer, OdocoUeus macrotis 
(4755U) ; mule deer, Cariacua ma- 
crotis, kinkajou, CereoJeptes caudi- 
rolvuhis, mink, Piitorius visoii. black 
ape, Cjjnoijitlieciis nic/cr, common 
macaque, Mucacus vyiwrnolgiis, bur- 
rhel sheep, Ovis nuJuior, prong-horn, 
Antilocapra aincricana, 2 specimens 
of coypu, Myai-aslitr coyjuis, 3 speci- 
mens of Florida wild-cat. Lynx 
riifus floriddnus, 2 specimens of 
Florida otter, Lutra canadensis 
nit/a, tiying phalanger, Petaurus, 
lion, Fvlis Ico (47794) ; 3 specimens 
of barn owl, Strix piatincola, sand- 
hill crane, Griis canadensis, 2 speci- 
mens of roseate spoonbill, Ajaja 
ajaja, spotted bower bird, Clihiiny- 
dera maculata, crested pigeon, ()<y- 
phaps lophotes, barn owl, tutrix 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd. 
pratincijhi, wood ibis, Tantalus locu- 
lator, black-cro«Tied night heron, 
Xycticora.r nycticorax nacvius, Lou- 
isiana heron, Ardea tricolor riifi- 
collis, roseate spoonbill, Ajaja 
ajaja (47795) ; water moccasin, 
Ancistrodon piscivoriis, 7 speci- 
mens of iguana, Cyclura, 2 speci- 
mens of iguana (47796) ; coypu, 
Myocastor coypiis, kinkajou, Ccrco- 
Jcytes caudivolvulus, bull snake, 
Pituophis sayi, 2 specimens of 
iguana (47941); bronze-winged 
pigeon, Pltaps clialcoptoa, quail, 
Perdix cincrca, 2 specimens of 
crested pigeon, Ocyphups lophotes, 
crowned pigeon, Goura victoria 
(47942) ; 3 specimens of iguana, 
Cyclura sp., etc. (47943) ; prong- 
horn antelope, Antilocapra ameri- 
cana, deer, Cariacus, black bear, 
Ursus americanus, cougar, Felis 
conocolor, California sea-lion Zalo- 
phus californiunns (47944) ; harbor 
seal, Phora rilulina, 3 specimens of 
crested pigeon, Ocypliaps lophotes, 
mute swan, Cygnus yihhus, spider 
monkey, Ateles sp. ; capuchin, Cebus 
hypoleucus, golden agouti, Dasy- 
procta aguti, black bear, Vrsus 
americanus (47945) ; crested pigeon, 
Ocyphaps lophotes (47956) ; iguana, 
Cyclura cyclura (48002) ; pine snake, 
Pituophis nielanoleucus (48018) ; 
American beaver. Castor canadensis 
(48033) ; hedgehog, Erinaceus euro- 
paeus (48038) ; Guinea baboon, 
Papio sphinx (48071); black leop- 
ard, Felis pardus, swift fox, Vulpes 
velox (48081) ; diamond rattlesnake, 
Crotalus adumanteus (48082) ; 
iguana. Iguana sp., California val- 
ley quail, CalUpepla californica 
(48112) ; American badger, Taxidea 
americana (48145) : iguana, Iguana 
sp., (48206) ; ocellated turkey, Jilelea- 
gris ocellata (48207) ; kiwi, Apteryx 
mantelli, red kangaroo Macropus 
rufus (48208) : lemur. Lemur mon- 
goz (48212) ; gopher snake, Bpilotes 
corals couperli (48255) ; American 
badger, Taxidea americana (48256) ; 
blue jay, Cyanocitta cristata 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



101 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd. 
(48257) ; a pair of dropped antlers 
of earihon,Ra)ig if cr caribou (48267) ; 
agouti, Dnsyprocta i)nj)nnoIoplut 
(48282) ; great anteater, Mijrmeco- 
phaga jiibata (48283) ; snowy owl. 
Xyctcn nijctea (48328) ; canvasback 
duck, Ai/tliya rallisncria, king vul- 
ture, Gypagus papa (48329) ; north- 
ern sea-lion, Eumetopias stelleri 
(48330) : collared peccary, Dicotylca 
tajacii (48331) ; guanaco. Lama 
huanacos (48360) : ruffed lemur. 
Lemur rarius (48361) ; banded rat- 
tlesnake. Croiahis hnrridus (485621 : 
canvasback duck, Aythya vaUisneria 
(48363) ; 2 specimens of European 
bedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus 
(48420) ; mule deer, Cariacus macro- 
tis (48473) ; snowy owl, Xyctca 
nyctca, laughing kingfisher, Dacelo 
gigas (48474) ; gopher snake, 
f-'pilotcs corais couperii (48475) ; 
barsingha deer, Ccrvus duvaucclii 
(48476) ; 2 specimens of armadillo, 
Tatusia novemcincta (48609) ; spot- 
ted lynx. Lynx rufus maciilatus, 
Alaska peninsula brown bear, Ursus 
gyas (48610) ; European hedgehog, 
Erinaceus europaeus (48611) ; pig- 
tailed monkey, Macacus nemestrinus 
(48612) ; 4 specimens of coyote, Ca- 
nis lutrans (48613) ; Eskimo dog, 
Canis familiaris (48614) ; moufflon 
Oris musimon (48615) ; ocelot, 
Felis pardalis (4S71S) ; conure, Co- 
nurus xanthogenius, roseate spoon- 
bill, Ajaja ajaja (48719) ; spring 
buck, Antidorcas euchore (48720) ; 
bull snake, Pltuophis sayi (48722) ; 
fisher, MusteJa pennantii (48724) ; 
caracal, Lynx caracal, Tasmanian 
devil, SarcopJiilus ursinus (48721) ; 
zebu. Bos indicus (48723) ; monkey, 
Macacus speciosus (48725) ; Canada 
goose, Branta canadensis (48726) : 
native companion, Grus australasi- 
ana, great white egret, Ardea egretta 
(48900) ; gray kangaroo, Macropus 
giganteus (48907) ; red-shouldered 
hawk, Buteo lineatus, curassow, 
Crax globicera, trumpeter swan, 
Olor buccinator, aoudad, Ovis tra- 
gelaphus (48909) ; Egyptian fla- 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd, 
niiiigo. J'h(Enicopterus antiquorum 
(48947) ; king snake, Ophibolus ge- 
tuJus, rattlesnake, Crotaius adanian- 
teus (48908) ; Virginia deer, Cari- 
acus virginianus (48910) ; common 
macaque, Macacus cynomolgus, aou- 
dad, Ovis tragclaphus, red deer, 
Cervus elephas, gray fox, Vrocyon 
virginianus, ocelot, Felis pardalis, 2 
specimens of nine-banded armadillo, 
Tatusia novemcincta, 2 specimens 
of viscacha, Lagostomus trychodac- 
tylus (48911) ; gray wolf, Canis oc- 
cidentalis, cai)uchin, Cebus hypoleu- 
cus, 2 specimens of Rhesus monkey, 
Macacus rhesus, 4 specimens of com- 
mon macaque, Macacus cynomolgus, 
spoonbill duck. Spatula elypeata, 
California valley quail, CalUpepla 
californica, laughing gull, Larus 
atricilla, American white pelican, 
Pclccanus crytlirorhynchrus (48912). 
Xational Museum, collected by 
members of the staff: Barber, H. S. : 
About 600 insects from Dorchester 
County. Md. (47685) ; red bat, Lasi- 
urus boreal is (48406) ; specimen of 
oak, Quercus minor (48716). 
Bartsch, Paul : 4 skulls of mammals 
(47846) ; frogs and a snake from 
Minnesota (47873) ; land and fresh- 
water shells, chiefly Naiads, from 
the Mississippi Valley (47946) ; skull 
of an owl, probably the great horned 
owl. Bubo virginianus (47999). 
Bassler, R. S. : About 5,000 speci- 
mens of fossil invertebrates from the 
Paleozoic rocks of Tennessee and 
Virginia (47776). Gilmore, C. W. : 
Skin and skull of a Lemming. Leni- 
mus (47994). Hrdlicka, Ales: Ter- 
rapin from Rock Creek Park, D. C. 
(47536). Lyon, M. W., jr.: 8 mam- 
mals from near Washington, D. C. 
(48413). Maxon, W. R. : Skin and 
skull of a rat, Capromys, from Cuba 
(47993). Painter, J. H. : 100 plants 
cultivated in the District of Colum- 
bia (47660). Palmer. William: Cot- 
ton-tail rabbit, Sylrilagus f. niallurus 
(48412) ; white leeches from the 
Peaks of Otter, Bedford County, Va. 
(4S576). Ridgway, Robert: A mol- 



102 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd, 
lusk, and a small collection of rep- 
tiles and insects (47959). Riley, 
J. H. : 7 bats ; skin and skull of a 
chipmnnlv and a mole (47658) ; red 
squirrels, Sciurus 1iudso)iicus loquax, 
and the skull of a weasel, Putorius 
(4S62S) ; red squirrel, Sciurus hud- 
sonicus loquax (4SS95). Rose, J. N. : 
150 living plants, mainly Cactaceae, 
from ]\Iexico and the southwestern 
section of the United States (4S5GS) ; 
seeds of Foiiquieria (4S629) ; 68 liv- 
ing plants, Cactaceae, mainly from 
Arizona (48639) ;. 73 living Cacta- 
ceae from the southwestern United 
States (48670) ; 20 specimens of 
living cacti from the southwestern 
United States (48708) ; 78 specimens 
of living cacti, mainly from Arizona 
(48711) ; 76 specimens of living 
plants, mainly Cactaceae, from the 
southwestern United States (48741, 
4S753) ; 44 living plants, mainly 
cacti, from California (48780). 
Seeger, G. A. : Green snake, Cyclo- 
])hh or.<(tirus. from Virginia (47787). 
Steele, E. S. : 189 plants from the vi- 
cinity of Washington. D. C. (47090). 
Stejneger, Leonhard: Reptiles, ba- 
trachians, beetles, mollusks, and iso- 
pods from Massachusetts (47760). 
Washington, Charles, Tree toad 
from the District of Columbia 
(48743) ; piece of wood overgrown 
with barnacles, from Chesapeake 
Beach (48818) ; tortoise, Terrapene 
Carolina, from Chesapeake Beach 
(48833). 

Models made in the Anthrnpolo<;- 
ical Laboratory: Cast of stone 
sculpture of a head in high relief 
(47616) ; plaster bust of a Van- 
couver Island woman, showing arti- 
ficial deformation of the head 
(47665) ; plaster casts of stone im- 
plements (47827) ; casts of celt and 
supposed charm-stone (48065) ; 5 
plaster busts of American Indians 
(48091) ; plaster casts of prehistoric 
stone implements exhibited in pri- 
vate collections at the Jamestown 
Exposition (48119) ; cast of a large 



Smithsonian Institution — Cont'd, 
grooved stone ax belonging to the his- 
torical department of Iowa (48319) ; 
2 casts of a stone gouge (48349) ; 
cast of banner-stone with drill core 
(48397) ; casts of a steel die orig- 
inally used to stamp United States 
muskets at the Harpers Ferry Ar- 
senal, and altered for the same use 
at Fayetteville, N. C, for the Con- 
federate army (48463) ; cast of a 
:Mexican god (48528) ; plaster cast 
of a medal or coin, date unknown, 
bearing a representation of the bust 
of " Christ " (48700) ; life-size lay 
figure groups, in boats, depicting 
Capt. John Smith trading for corn 
with Powhatan Indians (48781) ; 
lay figures illustrating the nations 
most prominent in the peopling of 
America, namely, Spanish lady and 
gentleman, the Dutch patroon and 
his wife, the Virginia planter and 
his wife, and the Puritan and his 
wife (48782) ; casts of 9 prehistoric 
stone implements (48887) ; models 
of a Viking ship and of the Santa 
Maria (4S91S). 

Prepared in the Photographic 
Laboratory: 133 portraits of emi- 
nent persons associated with the dis- 
covery and history of America 
(48871) ; IS colored enlargements of 
John White's paintings, the originals 
being in the Grenville collection of 
the British Museum (48772) ; photo- 
graphs illustrating the history of 
the Capitol, copied from Glenn 
Brown's History of the Capitol 
(48773)'. 

Smyth, John B., Renovo, Pa. : Lizard, 
Eumeces antliracium, from Pennsyl- 
vania (48762). 

Snelling, W. O.. Washington, D. C. : 
Specimen of silver-cobalt ore from 
Cobalt, Ontario, Canada (47932). 

Snyder, E. C, Dixon, Iowa : Fossil 
brachiopod (48272) ; 5 specimens of 
Niagaran fossils (48332). 

Snyder, W. E., Beaver Dam, Wis. : 
About 35 shells from various locali- 
ties (48347). 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908, 



103 



Southern Railway Company, Wasli- 
iugton, D. C. : 3 large masses of 
copper ore from Ducktown, Teuii., 
and a mass of pyrite from Lumpkin 
County, Ga. (4s30U). 

SotJViELLE, E. M., Jacksonville, Fla. : 
Tape^vorm, I'lttatavnia sp. (47050). 

Spaulding, W. H., Rhyolite, Nev. : 
Specimen of praying mantis, Stag- 
ui<>}iutntlii Carolina (47SS7). 

Spencer, A. L., Oenaville. Tex. : Speci- 
men of helgramite tiy. Corydalis cor- 
uiita (47582). 

Spinning. H. L.. McKeever, N. Y. : 
Water bug. Amorgiiis amcricanum 
(47678). 

Springer, Frank, Burlington, Iowa : 
Slab of Uintacrinits .socialis (47783: 
deposit) ; collection of Japanese 
crinoidea, made by Alan Owston, of 
Yokohama (48497). 

Stadtisches Museum fur Yolker- 
KUNDE. (See under Leipzig, Ger- 
many.) 

Stains, Warren L., Acoma, Xev. : Im- 
mature specimen of Pseudosei-mylc 
truitcata (47829). 

Standley, J. E., Seattle, Wash. : Un- 
mounted pbotograpb of native Ha- 
w-aiian runners or message carriers 
(48344). 

Standley, Taul C, Agricultural Col- 
lege, N. Mex. : Specimen of cactus, 
Opuntia arenaria, from New Mexico 

(48882). 

State Department : 

Crocodile skin transmitted by Eu- 
gene H. Plumacher, American con- 
sul, Maracaibo, Yenezuela (48217). 

Models, photographic enlarge- 
ments, charts. Hags, and etching, oi)- 
tained for the International Mari- 
time Exposition at Bordeaux, 1907 
(48691). 

Steele, E. S., Washington, D. C. : 352 
plants collected in Yirginia (47949: 
purchase; 47954); 27 plants from 
the vicinity of Washington, D. C. 
(48009). 



Sternberg, Charles H., Lawrence, 
Kans. : Fossil turtle (48916 : pur- 
cliase). 

Stevenson, Mrs! M. C. Bureau of 
American Ethnology, Washington, 
D. C. : Meadow mouse, 3Jicr<)tiis 
aztecus (47G57). 

Stoddard, Dr. T. A., Culebra Hospital, 
Canal Zone. Panama : Bat, Molos- 
■siis. grasshop])er. Titanarrist rcZrts- 
guczl and a sphiugid moth, Diludia 
lichen ia (48284). 

Strecker, John K., jr., Waco, Tex.: 
40 lots of shells from Texas (47847). 

Stuart, Miss Catharine C, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : An Onondaga Indian 
turtle rattle (48S26) ; collection of 
brooches — specimens of Iroquoian 
silver work (48884) ; skirt of a 
Hupa Indian woman (48794). Pur- 
chase. 

Stuhr. F. A.. Portland. Oreg. : Skull 
of a mountain beaver, AiAodontia 
sp., and a puma. FcUs oregonensis 
(48144) ; flying squirrel, Sciiiroi)- 
terus. and a mountain beaver. .4/)- 
lodontia (48^0). 

SuKSDORF, W. N., Bingen, Wash. : 297 
plants from Washington State 
(48503: purchase). 

SuMSTiNE. D. R.. Wilkinsburg. Pa. : 
28 specimens of fungi from Penn- 
sylvania and other localities 
(48893: exchange). 

SuTER. Henry. Auckland. New Zea- 
land : 9 rare species of shells, in- 
cluding one cotype, from New Zea- 
land (482S0). 

SuTRo, Theodore, New York City : 
13 historical marine paintings, by 
Edward Moran (48169 : loan). 

Swarthout. J. M., Bolivar, N. Y. : A 
specimen of Cicada sp., partly is- 
suing from the pupa skin (48155). 

Swingle, Mrs. L. W., Tucson, Ariz. : 
16 packages of algae (48198: loan). 

Tanner. James, Washington. D. C. : 
Philippine rain coat (47902). 



104 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



T.vssiN. Wirt. JL S. Xation.-il Mu- 
seum : Mouazite iuul zireou sands, 
and concentrates from Fallston, 
Cleveland County. N. C. (48550). 

Teubf.r, F. B. von, .Jamestown Exposi- 
tion. Norfolk. Va. : Photograph of a 
group of Indi.-ins from the San Bias 
coast. Panama (47764). 

Teyler's Museum. (See under Haar- 
lem. Netherlands.) 

Thompson, Dr. J. C. U. S. Navy. 
Washington, D. C. : Fishes and a 
starfish from the Tortugas Islands. 
Florida (4S15S) ; 4 bats in alcohol 
from Shanghai, China (48414). 

Thorne. a. E.. Twining City. D. C. : 
2 specimens of the short-tailed 
shrew. Blarlnn hrevlcauda (48407). 

Thornton. Dr. W. F.. Bluefields, Nica- 
ragua : About 30 mosquitoes (48815). 

Thurow, F. W.. Harvester. Tex.: 10 
living specimens of cacti, Opuntia 
fiisrontra (47975) : 5 living speci- 
mens of cacti, Opuntia (47984) : 5 
plants from Texas (48130). 

TouMEY, .1. W., New Haven, Conn. : 
887 specimens of Cactaceae, with 
photographs (48878: purchase). 

Tower, W. V., Porto Rico Agricultural 
Experiment Station, Mayaguez, 
I'. P.: 2 vinls of mosquito larvae, 
containing about 100 specimens 
(47595) ; 2 vials of mosquito larvae 
(4767G). 

TowNSEND, C. H., New York City: 8 
Devonian brachiopods from near 
Meadville, Crawford County, Pa. 
(48729). 

Tracy. S. M., Biloxi, Miss. : Fern from 
Florida (47573) ; specimen of living 
cactus. Opuntia, from Florida 
(48G50). 

Trapier, The Misses, Washington, 
D. C. : Piece of Flemish point lace 
(fifteenth century), pair of baby 
mitts, and a damask spread with 
gold fringe (48799: loan). 

Trask. Mrs. Blanche, Avalon, Cal. : 
Larva of sphinx moth, Protoparcr 
sexta (47803) : snake, Lampropcltis 
hoylii, from California (47872) ; 



Trask, Mrs. Blanche — Continued, 
moth, Apaiitc-sis jn-oj-iiiia : scorjjions 
Uroctoinis munln.r; nnd a uiyriapod 
(48499) ; living specimen of cactus, 
Opuiitia, from Santa Catalina Island 
(48529) ; 3 living plants from Santa 
Catalina Island (4SG69). 

Treasury Department : 

U. K. J\Jiiit. Philadelphia, Pa. : Half 
eagle, eagle, and double eagle 
(48770). 

V. 8. Puhlic Health and Marhic- 
Ifospital Service, San Francisco, 
Cal. : Specimens of rats. Bins norwe- 
fficus and J7. rattus, from San Fran- 
cisco (48797). 

Treganza, Edward, Salt Lake City. 
Utah : 5 species of land and fresh- 
water shells from Utah (48127). 

Tremoleras, Juan, Museu Nacional. 
Montevideo, Uruguay: 3 lizards from 
Montevideo (48288) : 2 snakes and a 
lizard from Argentina (48310) ; 6 
birds' skins from Uruguay (48370). 
Exchange. 

Tremper, Dr. R. IL, Ontario, Cal.: 2 
species of marine shells (48205) ; 
about (>o specimens of CalHostoma 
supragraiKisinti from San Pedro, Cal. 
(48434). 

'I'ristan, J. Fid. San Jose, Costa Rica : 
Crabs from Costa Rica (48302). 

True, F. W., U. S. National Museum : 
Twined basket tray made by the 
Yakutat Indians of southeastern 
Alaska (47582). 

Tucker, E. S., Dallas, Tex.: 10 speci- 
mens representing 4 species of Dip- 
tera (48002). 

Turckheim, Baron H. von, Cohan, 
Guatemala : 250 plans from Guate- 
mala (48458) : 141 plants from 
Guatemala (48836). Purchase. 

Turner, D. C, Washington, D. C. : 
Catbird, Galeoscoptes carolinensis 
(48703). 

Turnley, W. D., Dade City, Fla. : 
I'raying mantis, Gonatista gvisea 
(47701), 

Umbacu, L. M., Naperville, 111.: 32 
plants, Laciniaria, from Illinois and 
Indiana (48241). 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



105 



Univeksity College. (See under Dun- 
dee, Scotland.) 

Utah Antimony Company, Butte, 
Mont. : Antimony oxide and stibuite 
from Antimony, Garfield County, 
Utah (48138). 

Yaquez. .J., Pantin (Seine), France: 
470 species of Euroiieau fossil in- 
vertebrates : 3 boxes of fossils ; 23 
fossil plants (47720: exchange). 

Vasey, R. W.. Rogers Park, 111. : 6 
plants, Laciniaria, from Illinois 
(47832). 

Vaughan, Francis E., West Haven, 
Conn.: 7 stone implements (47903) : 
human slvull from Marthas Vine- 
yard (4S092) ; 12 arrow jioints from 
Arkansas (48561). Exchange. 

Veerhoff, Otto L., L. C. Handy ct ah: 
39 engravings, prints, and photo- 
graphs illustrating scenes and land- 
marks connected with the history of 
the United States (48774). 

Velie, Dr. .J. W.. St. .Joseph, Mich. • 
A collection of fishes from Florida 
(47983) ; 2 crabs, Panoijcus hcrhstii, 
and a shrimp, ralacinonetes exilipcs 
(48651). 

"S'errill. Prof. A. E., Yale University 
INIuseum, New Haven, Conn. : Inver- 
tebrates from Long Island Sound 
and Bermuda (4S202) ; 3 isopods, 
Leidya (48273). 

Vibert. C. W., South Windsor. Conn. : 
Indian skull from an ancient Indian 
burial place iu South Windsor 
(48190). 

"S'ienna. Austria, Botanical Garden 
AND Institute of the Roy.\l Uni- 
versity : 13 specimens of fungi from 
Brazil (47571: exchange). 

Vienna, Austria, Royal Museum of 
Natural History: Century 14 (em- 
bracing nos. 1301-1400, inclusive) 
of the " Kryptogamae exsiccatae " 
(48381: exchange). 

VoLKART, Henry. St. Gallen. Switzer- 
land : Photographs of Swiss-Danish 
heddles. and an Armenian Jew 
weaving; piece of an Armenian 
string, and a quadrangular board 
from Tunis (47779: exchange); old 
Swiss heddle (47780). 



"S'ooRHEEs, Samuel Stockton, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Archeological objects 
from Hamilton County, Ohio 
(484.54). 

Walcott, Benjamin Stuart, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 40 specimens of De- 
vonian fossils from Seneca Lake, 
N. Y. (48167). 

Walker. E. M., Toronto, Ontario, Can- 
ada : An Orthopterou (47819: ex- 
change). 

Wall.\ce, Miss Eleanor, New York 
Citj- : Japanese traveler's candle- 
stick (48201). 

Walsingham, Lord, Merton Hall, 
Thetfprd, England : 19 paratypes of 
Tineidae (47598). 

Walton, W. R., Harrisburg, Pa.: 3 
specimens of Xonagria pennagna 

(47828). 

Wansleben, Miss E., Washington, D. 
C. : 2 specimens of Hj-menoptera, 
Evania (47788). 

War Department : 

Office of Chief of Engineers: Con- 
cretions and stumps of fossil trees 
from near Pierre, S. Dak. (48000). 

Office of Chief of Ordnance: Spring- 
field rifle of the model of 1903, with 
the improvements of 1905 (48386) ; 3 
United States magazine rifles, cali- 
ber ..30. model of 1903, with sword 
bayonets; 3 United States magazine 
gallery practice rifles, caliber .22, 
model of 1903, with sword bayonets ; 
sword bayonets for Springfield 
musketoons, model of 1842 (48759). 

l^urgeon-Oenerai's Office: Collec- 
tion of diatomaceous earths (48149). 

Army Medical Museum: An Indian 
necklace and a beaded belt (48.395). 

Ward's Natural Science Establish- 
ment, Rochester, N. Y. : 1,120 grams 
of Elm Creek, Kans., meteorite 
(47556) ; skull of a fossil beaked 
whale, Choueziphius Hops (48046) ; 
skeleton of a porpoise, Stenorostra- 
tus, from Wellington, New Zealand 
(48555). Purchase. 

Wark, Alex, King City, Cal. : 3 speci- 
mens of Pecten from the Upper Mio- 
cene of Monterey County, Cal. 
(48811). 



106 



EEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Washincton Biologists' Field Club, 
Washiugton, D. C. : About 800 in- 
sects from Plummer's Island, Md. 
(47933). 

Wayne, Arthur T., Mount Pleasant, 
S. C. : 4 birds' skins (47673); 3 
birds' skins (47752). 

Webb, Walter F., Rochester, X. Y. : 
164 species of land-sliells from the 
MoUendorft" collection (4S440: ex- 
change). 

Wedestaedt, Geo. S. vox, Goldfleld, 
Nev. ; Fossil bones (leg and foot) of 
a camel, J'rocainelus (?) robustus 
(48775). 

Weinberg. Frank, Woodside, N. Y. : 7 
living plants (47976: exchange). 

Weinschenck, W. F., & Co., James- 
town Exposition, Norfolk, Ya. : Box 
of solid alcohol and bottle of dena- 
tured alcohol, for lighting and heat- 
ing (47855). 

Wellman, Dr. F. Creighton, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. (thi-ough the American 
Society of Tropical Medicine) : 
About 150 specimens of Diptera 
from Benguella, West Africa 
(47979). 

Wheeler, Rev. H. E., Montevalla, Ala. : 
Laud and fresh-water shells 
(47987) ; about 50 fresh-water shells 
from Alabama (48392) : 6 specimens 
of Silurian corals from Greasy Cove, 
Ala. (48744). 

White, David, r. S. Geological Sur- 
vey, Washington, D. C. : Fragments 
of fossil leaves from near Cache, 
Okla. (48204). 

White, Maj. John R., director of 
prison colony, Puerta Princessa, Pa- 
lawan, P. I. (received through Dr. 
E. A. Mearns, U. S. Army) : 6 birds' 
skins from Palawan (48079). 

White, R.. Ybor City, Tampa, Fla. : 
Specimen of silicified gasteropod 
(48870). 

Widgeon, John, Baltimore, Md. : 12 
Devonian fossils from the western 
part of Maryland (48023). 

Wilcox, Glenn A., Los Angeles, Cal. : 
10 specimens of living Cactaceae 
from Arizona (47868). 



Wilcox, Brig. Gen. T. E., U. S. Army 
(retired), Washington, D. C. : 2 
specimens of cacti collected in Ari- 
zona (47777). 

Wilcox, Walter, Washington, D. C. : 
Specimens of native copper, calcite, 
and quartz; fossil insect (48263). 

WiLKiNS, Thomas M., Washington, 
D. C. : A grasshopper bicycle (48354). 

Williams, Mrs. Caroline E., Quileene, 
Wash.: Specimen of Junciis arcticus 
from Alaska (48281). 

Williams, Hamp, Hot Springs, Ark. : 
Sample of chalcedonic silica from 
near Hot Springs (47918). 

Williams, Miss Hannah F., Wickliffe, 
Ya. : Glass punch bowl captured 
from British officers at the sur- 
render of Lord Cornwallis (12506: 
loan ) . 

Williams, L, La Salle, 111. : Larva of 
a sphinx moth, Thyreus ahhottii 
(47609). 

Williamson, E. B., Blufftou, Ind. : 2 
para types of dragon fly, Mnais 
canislKuri. from Burma (47610: ex- 
change) ; 51 insects from Texas, In- 
diana, and the Indian Territory 
(47716). 

Willing, T. N., Regina, Saskatchewan, 
Canada : 18 mosquitoes and 20 lar- 
val skins (47599). 

Willis, Morris W., Woodstock, Fla. : 
Tropical orb-weaving spider, Gas- 
teracantha cancriformis (48047). 

Williston, Dr. S. W., University of 
Chicago. Chicago, 111. : 2 specimens 
of Tachinidae collected by Herbert 
H. Smith in Brazil (48417). 

Wilmer, Col. L. Wobthington, Lo- 
thian House, Ryde, Isle of Wight, 
England : Rocks, living and fossil 
shells, head of a sea gull, insects, 
alcoholic worms (47620). 

Wilson, G. A., Lexington, Miss. : 
Sparrow hawk, Cerchneis sparverius 

(48176). 

Wilson, H. H., Townville, Pa. : 3 pho- 
tographs and a sketch of " Indian 
God Rock" (47821). 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



107 



Wilson, Hiram, Murphysboro, 111.: 
Fossil plant, Neuropteris vermicu- 
lar is (48067). 

Wise, K. S. : 12 mosquitoes from Brit- 
ish Guiana (48677). 

Wood, Nelson, U. S. National Museum : 
2 young jungle fowls, Gallus gallus, 
(47844) ; mounted specimen of 
Liothrix Iiitea, and siiin of a field 
sparrow. Spizella pusilla (48078) ; 
specimen of an insect, Tabanus 
megerlei, from Auburndale, Fla. 
(4810.3). 

Wood, Gen. Oliver Ellsworth, U. S. 
Army, Washington. D. C. : Collec- 
tion of Japanese brasses, bronzes, 
lacquer, etc. (48785: loan). 

WooTON, E. O., Mesilla Park. N. Mex. : 
16 specimens and 4 photographs of 
cacti from New Mexico (48180) ; 8 
specimens of cacti from New Mexico 
(48571). 

.WoRLAND. George T., Havre, Mont.: 
Specimens of Jurassic fossils 
(48869). 

WoRTHiNGTON, Thomas C, jr.. Balti- 
more, Md. : Photographs of red bat, 
Lasiurus borealis, and young 
(48260). 



WORTHINGTON, W. W.. Shelter Island 
Heights, N. Y. : 2 valves of Labiosa 
lineata from Amelia Island, Fla. 
(47585). 

^Vright, a. C, Guadalajara, Mexico : 
Specimen of kissing bug, Rasahus 
biguttatus (47698). 

Wright, W. S. (See under G. H. 
Field.) 

Wroughton, R. C, London, England: 
127 Himalayan ferns (47940). 

Yale University Museum, New Haven, 
Conn. : Cast of neural cavity of the 
sacrum of a Stcgosaunis (48311: 
exchange) ; 10 specimens of Lacini- 
aria (48460: loan) ; 7 casts of Cera- 
topsia heads, and a cast of the entire 
animal (48467: exchange). 

Yellowstone National Park, Yel- 
lowstone. Wyo. (received^ through 
Lieut. Gen. S. B. M. Young, superin- 
tendent) : Skin and skull of a 
grizzly l)ear. Ursus horribilis (48209). 

ZoLLiKOFER, Ernst H., St. Gallen, 
Switzerland : 100 European mam- 
mals (47730: purchase). 



Zoological Museum. ( See 
Copenhagen, Denmark.) 



under 



LIST OF PUBLICATIONS OF THE U. S. NATIONAL 
MUSEUM ISSUED DURING THE FISCAL YEAR 1907-8, 
INCLUDING PAPERS PUBLISHED ELSEWHERE ^\TIICH 
RELATE TO THE COLLECTIONS. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE MUSEUM. 



ANNUAL EEPORT. 



Smithsonian Institution | United States 
National Museum | — | Report on 
the progress and con- | dition of the 
U. S. National j Museum for the year 



I ending June 30, 1907 | [Seal] | 
Washington | Government Printing 
Office I 1907 

8vo., pp. 1-118. 



PROCEEDINGS. 



Smithsonian Institution | United States 
National Museum ; — • | Proceedings 
I of the 1 United States National 
Museum | — | Volume XXXII | — | 
[Seal] I Washington j Government 
Printing Office | 1907 

8vo., pp. i-xvl, 1-767, pis. 
I-LXXXII, flgs. 168. 



Smithsonian Institution | United States 
National Museum j — | Proceedings 
I of the I United States National 
Museum | — | A^olume XXXIII 
I — I [Seal] I Washington \ Gov- 
ernment Printing Office ' 1908 

8vo., pp. i-xv, 1-750, pis. 
I-LXV, flgs. 144. 



BULLETINS. 



Smithsonian Institution | United States 
National Museum | — | Bulletin | 
of the , United States National Mu- 
seum. I No. 50. I — i The Birds | of 
I North and Middle America. | by | 
Robert Ridgway, | Curator. Division 
of Birds j — | Part IV. I — | 
[Seal] I Washington: | Government 
Printing Office. | 1907. 

8vo., pp. i-xsii, 1-973, pis. 
I-XXIV. 

Smithsonian Institution | United States 
National Museum \ Bulletin .58 | — \ 
Herpetology of .Japan and | Adja- 
cent Territory by 1 Leonhard Stej- 
neger | Curator, Division of Reptiles 
and Batrachians | — | With 35 
plates and 409 figures | in the text ] 
[Seal] I Washington | Government 
Printing Office | 1907 

8vo., pp. i-xx, 1-577, pis. 
I-XXXV, flgs. 1-409. 

Smithsonian Institution | United States 
National Museum ] Bulletin 59 1 — | 



Recent Ma dreporaria [ of the ' Ha- 
waiian Islands and Laysan | by | T. 
Wayland Vaughan | Custodian of 
Madreporarlan Corals, U. S. National 
Museum | Geologist, U. S. Geological 
Survey [Seal] j Washington | Gov- 
ernment Printing Office j 1907 

4to., pp. i-ix, 1-427, pis. 
I-XCVI. 

Smithsonian Institution | T'nited 
States National ^luseum | Bulletin 
60 I — I The Barnacles (Cirripe- 
dia) con- | tained in the collections 
of I the U. S. National iluseum | 
by I Henry A. Pilsbry j Special 
Curator of the Department of Mol- 
lusca, Academy | of Natural Sci- 
ences of Philadelphia [ [Seal] | 
Washington | Government Printing 

Office I 1907 

8vo., pp.' i-x, 1-122, pis. 
I-XI, flgs. 1-36. 

Smithsonian Institution ] United 
States National Museum 1 Bulletin 

109 



110 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



61 I — I Variiitioiis and Genetic 1 
Relationships of the | Garter- 
Snalces | by | Alexander G. Rntli- 
ven i Curator of the University Mu- 
seum, University of Micbisan, Ann 



Arbor | [Seal] 1 Washington | Gov- 
ernment Printing Office I 1908 

Svo.. pp. i-xii, 1-201, pi. I, 
fiKS. 1-82. 



PAPERS PUBLISHED IN SEPARATE FORM. 



FROM VOLUME :!:! Ol' TIIK rUOOEEDINOS. 



No. 1556. An annotated list of Cbara- 
cin fishes in the United 
States National Museum 
and the museum of In- 
diana University, with de- 
scriiitions of new species. 
By Carl H. Eigenmann 
and Fletcher Ogle. pp. 1- 
36, tigs. 1-8. 

No. 1557. Descriptions of new species 
of upper paleozoic fossils 
from China. By George 
H. (iirty. pp. 37-48. 

No. 1558. The holothurians of the 
North Pacific coast of 
North America collected 
by the Albatross in 1903. 
By Charles Lincoln Ed- 
wards, pp. 49-68, figs. 1- 
12. 

No. 1559. Descrir)tions of new species 
of recent unstalked crin- 
oids from the North Pa- 
cific Ocean. By Austin 
Hobart Clark, pp. 69-84. 

No. 1560. Notes on parasites of Ber- 
muda fishes. By Edwin 
Linton. pp. 85-126, pis. 
i-xv. 

No. 1561. Descriptions of new species 
of recent unstalked crin- 
oids from the coasts of 
Northeastern Asia. By 
Austin Hobart Clark, pp. 
127-156. 

No. 1562. A review of the Cirrhitoid 
fishes of Japan. By David 
Starr Jordan and Albert 
Christian Herre. pp. 157- 
167, figs. 1, 2. 

No. 1563. On some earwigs (Forfi- 
culidte) collected in Guate- 



No. 1563— Continued. 

mala by iSIessrs. Schwari? 

and Barber. By Andrew 

Nelson Caudell. pp. 169- 

176. 
No. 1564. New marine mollusks from 

the west coast of America. 

By Paul Bartsch. pp. 177- 

183. 
No. 1565. Supplementary notes on Mar- 

tyn's Universal Concholo- 

gist. By William Healey 

Da 11. pp. 185-192. 
?s 0.1566. Basketry bolo case from Ba- 

silan Island. By Otis T. 

Mason, pp. 193-196, figs. 

1-5. 

No. 1567. Descriptions of new North 
American Tineid moths, 
with a generic table of 
the family Blastobasidae. 
By Lord Walsingham. pp. 
197-228. 

No. 1568. On a collection of fishes 
from the Philippine Is- 
lands, made by Maj. Edgar 
A. Mearns, surgeon, U. S. 
Army, with descriptions of 
several new species. By 
Alvin Seale and Barton A. 
Bean. pp. 229-248, figs. 
1-8. 

No. 1569. The West American mol- 
lusks of the genus Tripho- 
ris. By Paul Bartsch. 
pp. 249-262, pi. XVI. 

No. 1570. On a collection of fishes from 
P^chigo, Japan. By David 
Starr Jordan and Robert 
Earl Richardson, pp. 263- 
266, figs. 1-3. 



B.EPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Ill 



No. 1571. The DragouUies (Odoiiata) 
of Burma and Lower 
Siani. — n. Subfamilies 
Cordulegasteriuae, Chloro- 
yompliiuae, and Gomplii- 
nae. By Edward Bruce 
Williamson, pp- 267-317, 
figs. 1-39. 

No. 1572. Description of a new species 
of Killlfisli, Lucania 
browni, from a hot spring 
in Lower California. By 
David Starr Jordan and 
Robert Earl Richardson, 
pp. 319-321, 1 fig. 

No. 1573. North American parasitic 
copepods belonging to the 
family Caligidae. Parts 3 
and 4. — A revision of the 
Pandarinae and the Cecro- 
pinae. By Charles Branch 
Wilson, pp. 32.3^90, pis. 

XVII-XLIII, figs. 1-18. 

No. 1574. The Pyramidellid mollusks 
of the Oregonian fauna) 
area. By William Healey 
Dall and Paul Bartsch. 
pp. 491-534, pis. XLiv- 

XLVIII. 

No. 1575. List of fishes collected in the 
river at Buytenzorg, Java, 
by Dr. Douglas Houghton 
Campbell. By David Starr 
Jordan and Alvin Seale. 
pp. .535-543, figs. 1, 2. 

No. 1576. A new Geckoid lizard from 
the Philippine Islands. By 
Leonhard Stejneger. pp. 
.545, 546. 

No. 1577. Mammals collected in west- 
ern Borneo by Dr. W. L. 
Abbott. By jNIarcus Ward 
Lyon, jr. pp. 547-571, figs. 
A, B, 1 map. 

No. 1578. Two new species of toads 
from the Philippines. By 
Leonhard Stejneger. pp. 
573-576. 

No. 1579. Tlie pulque of Mexico. By 
Walter Hough, pp. 577- 
592, figs. 1-19. 

82065—09 8 



No. 1580. North American parasitic co- 
pepods : new genera and 
species of Caliginae. By 
Charles Branch Wilson, 
pp. 593-027, pis. xLix-LVi. 

No. 1581. A review of the flatheads, 
gurnards, and other mail 
cheeked fishes of the wa- 
ters of Japan. By David 
Starr Jordan and Robert 
Earl Richardson, pp. 629- 
670, figs. 1-9. 

No. 1582. lufrabasals in recent genera 
of the crinoid family Pen- 
tacrinitidae. By Austin 
Hobart Clark, pp. 671- 
676, figs. 1-8. 

No. 1583. A new species of flying lizard 
from the Philippine Is- 
lands. By Leonhard Stej- 
neger. pp. 677-679. 

No. 1584. A new fresh-water bivalve 
( Corneocyclas ) from the 
mountains of Ecuador. By 
Paul Bartsch. pp. 681, 
682, 1 fig. 
No. 1585. The crinoid genus Comatula 
Lamarck ; with a note on 
the Encrinus parrae of 
Guerin. By Austin Hobart 
Clark, pp. 683^88. 
No. 1586. On some Isopods of the fam- 
ily Dajidae from the north- 
west Pacific Ocean, with 
descriptions of a new genus 
and two new species. By 
Harriet Richardson, pp. 
689-696, figs. 1-7. 
No. 1587. Notes on the fresh-water 
moUusk Planorbis magnifl- 
cus and descriptions of two 
new forms of the same 
genus from the Southern 
States. By Paul Bartsch. 
pp. 697-700, pi. LVii. 
No. 1588. On Ctenolucius Gill, a neg- 
lected genus of Characin 
fishes, with notes on the 
typical species. By Barton 
A. Bean. pp. 701-703, 1 
fig. 



112 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



^l•u^■taL•e;l i'roiu 
and Newfound- 
Joseph A. Cnsli- 
705-713, pis. 



No. 15SD. Fresh-wator 
TiUbrador 
land. r>y 
man. pp. 

LVIII-LXII. 

No. 1590. On a collection of Thysanop- 
terous insects from Barba- 
dos and St. Vincent is- 
lands. By Henry James 



No. 1.500 — Continued. 

Franklin. iip. 715-730, 
pis. LXin-LXV. 

No. 1591. Scliizopod crustaceans in the 
U. S. National Museum : 
Schizopods from Alaslva. 
By Arnold E. Ortmann. 
pp. 1-10, pi. I. 



FROM VOLUME 34 OK THE PROCEEDINGS. 



No. 1592. Notes on a collection of 
fishes from the Gulf of 
Mexico at Vera Cruz and 
Tampico. By David Starr 
Jordan and Mary Cynth'a 
Dickerson. pp. 11-22. fi.^'s. 
1. 2. 

No. 1593. The parasitic Isopod Leidya 
Distorta ( I>eidy ) found 
on a new host. By Har- 
riet IMchardson. 
26, figs. 1-4. 



pp. 23- 



No, 1594. Descriptions of four new 
species of amphipodons 
Crustacea from the Gulf 
of Mexico. By Arthur S. 
Pearse. 
1-4. 



pp. 27-32, figs. 



No. 1595. Description of Pantosteus 
Santa-Anae, a new species 
of fish from the Santa 
Ana Kiver, Cal. By John 
Otterbein Snyder. pp. 
33. 34. 

No. 1596. The Dalmanellas of the 
Chennnig formation, and a 
closely related new Brach- 
iopod genus Thiemella. 
By Henry S. Williams, 
pp. 35-64, pis. ii-iv. 

No. 1597. Descriptions of three new 
species of Saturnian 
moths. By William 

Schaus. pp. 65, 66. 

No. 1598. Descrliition of a new Isopod 
of the genus Eurycope 
from Marthas Vineyard. 
By Harriet Richai'dson. 
pp. G7-69, figs. 1, 2, 



No. 1599. Notes on some W^estern Or- 
thoptera ; with the de- 
scription of one new spe- 
cies. By Andrew Nelson 
Caudell. pp. 71-81. 

No. 1600. On the revision of the mol- 
lusk genus Pterinea Gold- 
fuss. By Henry Shaler 
Williams. pi>. 83-90. 

No. 1601. Descriptions of new species 
of South American Ge- 
ometrid moths. By Wil- 
liam Warren, pp. 91-110. 

No. 1602. Description of a new species 
of halflieak (Hemiramphus 
mioprorus) from Naga- 
saki. Japan. By David 
Starr Jordan and Mary 
Cynthia Dickerson. pp. 
Ill, 112, 1 fig. 

No. 1603. Foraminifera collected near 
the Hawaiian Islands by 
the steamer Albatross in 
1902. By PiUfus Mather 
Bagg. jr. pp. 113-172, 
pi. V. 

No. 1604. Descrii)tions of new Cur- 
culionid beetles of the 
tribe Authonomini. By W. 
Dwight Pierce, pp. 173- 
181. 

No. 1605. On three existing species of 
sea turtles, one of them 
(Caretta remivaga) new. 
By Oliver P. Hay. pp. 
183-198, pis. vi-XL. 

No. 1606. Three new species of lizards 
from the Philippine Is- 
lands. By Leonhard Ste.i- 
neger. pp. 199-204, figs. 
1-6. 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



113 



No. 1607. New stalked criuoids from 
the eastern coast of North 
America. By Austin Ho- 
bart Chirlv. pp. 205-208, 
figs. 1-3. 

No. 1608. Descriptions of new species 
of crinoids, chiefly from 
the collections made by the 
U. S. fisheries steamer Al- 
batross at the Hawaiian 
Islands in 1902 : with re- 
marks on the classifica- 
tion of the Comatulida. 
By Austin Hobart Clark, 
pp. 209-239. 

No. 1609. A new Amphipod crustacean, 
Oi-chestoidea biolleyi, from 
Costa Rica. By Thomas 
R. R. Stebbing. pp. 241- 
244, pi. xir, figs. 1, 2. 

No. 1610. Descriptions of new species 
of mollusks from the Pa- 



No. 1610 — Continued. 

cific coast of the United 
States, with notes on other 
mollusks from the same 
region. By W i 1 1 i a m 
Healey Dall. pp. 245-257. 

No. 1611. New species of cretaceous 
invertebrates from north- 
ern Colorado. By Junius 
Henderson, pp. 259-264, 

pi. XIII. 

No. 1612. Some cases of abnormal arm 
structure in recent crin- 
oids. By Austin Hobart 



Clark. 
1-5. 



pp. 26.5-270, figs. 



No. 1613. The criuoid genus Eudio- 
criuus, with description of 
a new species. By Austin 
Hobart Clark, pp. 271- 
279, figs. 1-11. 



FROM VOLUME 10 OF CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE NATIONAL HERBARIUM. 

Part 5. Report on the diatoms of the Albatross voyages in the Pacific Ocean, 
1888-1904. By Albert Mann. (Assisted in the bibliography and citations by 
P. L. Ricker.) pp. i-viii. 221-142, pis. xliv-liv. 

Part 6. The Cyperaceae of Costa Rica. By C. B. Clarke (deceased), pp. 
i-vii, 44.3-471. 

Part 7. Studies of tropical American ferns. — ^No. 1. By William R. Maxon. 
pj). i-vili. 473-508. pis. lv-lvi. 

FROM VOLUME 12 OF CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE NATIONAL HERBARIUM. 

Part 1. Catalogue of the botanical library of John Donnell Smith presented 
in 1905 to the Smithsonian Institution. Compiled by Alice Cary Atwood. pp. 
i-iii, 1-94. 

Part 2. The Lechythidaceae of Costa Rica. By H. Pittier de Fiibrega. pp. 
i-vli, 95-101, pis. i-viii, figs. 1-A. Tonduzia, a new genus of Apocynaceae from 
Central America. By H. Pittier de Fabrega. pp. 103-104, pi. ix, figs. 5, 6. A 
collection of plants from the vicinity of La Guaira, Venezuela. By J. R. John- 
ston, pp. 105-111. 

Part 3. Types of American grasses. By A. S. Hitchcock, pp. i-v, 113-158, i-v. 



114 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



CLASSIFIED LIST OF PAPERS BASED WHOLLY OR IN PART ON THE NATIONAL 

COLLECTIONS."^ 



MUSEUM ADMINISTRATION. 

Rathbun, KiciiAKi). Report ou the 
progress and condition of the U. S. 
National Museum for the year end- 
ing June 30, 1907. 

Rep. Smithsonian Inst. (U. 8. 
Nat. Mus.), 1907, pp. 1-118. 



FINE ARTS. 

Rkockett, Paul. The National Gal- 
lery of Art. 

The Sketch Book, M, No. 6, 
Nov., 1907. pp. 269-276, 5 
pis. 



ETHNOLOGY. ARCHEOLOGY. PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY. 



Emmons. George T. The Chilkat 

blanket. 

Metnoirs, Am. Mus. Sat. Hist., 
Ill, Pt. IV, Dec, 1907, pp. 
329-401, pis. xxiv-xxvii, figs. 
536-592. (Based partly on 
Museum specimens, i 
This paper is an exhaustive mono- 
graph on the " Chilkat blanket," an 
exquisite piece of weaving in wool, 
harmonious in coloring, and original 
in design, which forms the dis- 
tinctive ceremonial robe of the sev- 
eral tribes of the North Pacific coast. 
The paper begins with the tradi- 
tional and actual history of the 
blanket, which is followed by a dis- 
cussion of the technic. The designs 
are explained by Dr. Franz Boas. 
Mr. Emmons's material was col- 
lected from Chilkat sources almost 
exclusively and forms a valuable 
contribution to our knowledge of the 
textile works of the American In- 
dians. 

Fewkes, J. Walter. Excavations at 

Casa Grande, Ariz., in 190&-7. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., L, 
Quar. issue. Pt. 3, No. 1773. 
Oct. 25, 1907, pp. 289-329, 
pis. xxiii-xL, figs. 117-122. 
The paper is a report of progress 
on certain unfinished archeological 
work conducted by Doctor Fewkes 
under a special appropriation, and 
on the repair and protection of the 
Casa Grande ruins, and describes 
the work of the year 1906-7. illus- 
trating the ruins exposed and giving 
detailed plans of the buildings and 
inclosures. Incidentally, a number 
of the relics of art obtained during 
the explorations and placed in the 
Museum are described and illus- 
trated. 



Holmes, William H. Un a nephrite 
statuette from San Andres Tuxtla, 
Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Am. Anthropologist (n. s. ) ix, 
No. 4. Oct.-Dec. 1907, pp. 
691-701, pis. xxxiv-xLi. 

The paper records all data ac- 
quired regarding the origin of a 
most remarliable specimen of jade 
carving, reputed to have been plowed 
up at San Andres. The specimen is 
carefully described and the several 
series of glyphic decorations en- 
graved t)n its surface have been 
studied by the best American ex- 
perts in this field, and the views of 
these experts are included in the 
paper. 

Hough, Walter. Antiquities of the 
Upper Gila and Salt River valleys in 
Arizona and New Mexico. 

Bull. XXXV, Bur. Am. Eth., 

1907, pp. 1-96, pis. i-xi, figs. 

1 51. 
The bulletin is a catalogue of the 
ruins in the region mentioned in the 
title and embodies plans and descrip- 
tions of the locations of various an- 
tiquities, mainly discovered by the 
author during explorations carried 
on under the auspices of the Na- 
tional Museum during 1901, 1903, 
1905, collections from which are in 
the National Museum. It is pre- 
ceded by a -short resume of the 
geogi'aphic history of the ancient 
and recent inhabitants and the cul- 
ture of the region. The ruins are 
•described in some detail and are 
located on a map. There is also a 
bibliography. Much of the work was 
rendered possible by the generous 
cooperation with the Museum of Mr. 
P. G. Gates, of Pasadena, Cal. 



" In a few instances papers which were published prior to this fiscal year are 
included, having been omittted inadvertently from previous reports. 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



115 



Hough, Walter. Proceedings of the 
Anthropological Society of Washing- 
ton. Meetings from November 15, 
1907, to May 26, 1908. 

Am. Anthropologist (n. s.) x, 
Nos. 1 and 2, Jan.-Mar., 1908, 
and May-June, 1908, pp. 117- 
121, and 285-295, respect- 
ively. 
Abstracts and resumes of papers 
read before the society. Some of 
these papers are based upon the col- 
lections of the National Museum. 

Anthropology in education for 



the foreign service. 

Am. Anthropologist (n. s. ) ix. 
No. 4, Oct.-Dec, 1907, pp. 
768-770. 
This paper embodies a suggestion 
that consuls, on appointment, should 
be instructed in the work of 
the various governmental institu- 
tions in Washington, acquiring in- 
formation, useful to them in the pur- 
suit of their duties in foreign coun- 
tries. The paper asserts that the 
basis of such education is anthropo- 
logical and recommends that the 
Smithsonian Institution and its bu- 
reaus be utilized to furnish practical 
instruction as to racial traits and 
arts. 

The pulque of Mexico. 

Proc. U. S. A'at. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1579, Feb. 18, 1908, pp. 
577-592, figs. 1-19. 
This paper is the result of the 
study of the collections in, the Na- 
tional Museum relating to tlie pulque 
industry, mostly procured by Dr. 
Edward Talmer, supplemented by 
the author's personal examination 
of the industry in the field. The 
origin of the use of pulque is dis- 
cussed and a brief statement of the 



Hough, Walter — Continued. 

great importance of the plant in the 
civilization of Mexico is set forth. 

Hrdlicka, AleS. Slfeletal remains 
suggesting or attributed to early 
man in North ^iinerica. 

Bull. XXXIII, Bur. Am. Eth., 
1907, pp. 1-113, pis. i-xxi, 
figs. 1-lG. 
A review and critical examination 
of all such osteological specimens in 
North America as have been claimed, 
or seemed, to represent a geologic- 
ally ancient man on this continent. 
The finds dealt with are the New 
Orleans skeleton ; the Quebec skele- 
ton ; the Natchez pelvic bone ; the 
Lake Monroe, Fla., bones ; the Soda 
Creek skeleton ; tlie Charleston, S. 
C, bones ; the Calaveras skull ; the 
Rock Bluff, 111., cranium ; the man 
of Penon, Mexico ; the crania of 
Trenton ; the Trenton femur ; the 
Lansing skeleton ; the fossils of 
western Florida ; and the Nebraska 
" Loess man." The conclusions 
reached are that thus far there are 
no solid foundations lor considering 
any of the specimens of geological 
antiquity. The paper is supple- 
mented by a description of a num- 
ber of modern low-forehead skulls 
from the National Museum collec- 
tions. 

Mason, Otis T. Basketry bolo case 
from Basilan Island. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1566, Oct. 25, 1907, pp. 
193-196, figs. 1-5. 
Structurally, this object illus- 
trates the technical processes util- 
ized by the primitive peoples of Ma- 
laysia in bamboo and rattan. 
Functionally, it takes the place of 
the traveling bag of the more civ- 
ilized peoples. 



MAMMALS. 



Allen, J. A. Notes on Solenodon para- 
doxus Brandt. 

BuU.Amcr. Mus.Nat.Hist., xxis, 
June S, 1908, pp. 505-517, pis. 
xxviii-xxxiii, figs. 1-9. 
Describes (not as new) the Hai- 
tian Holenodon paradoxus and makes 
comparisons between it and the 
Cuban iS'. cubanus, three specimens 
of the latter being lent to Doctor 
Allen for that purpose. Skull of 
Cat. No. 37983 U. S. National Mu- 
seum is figured on pis. xxix, xxx, 
and XXXI. 



Cary, Merritt. a Colorado record for 
Callospermophilus wortmani, with 
notes on the recent capture of Au- 
trozous pallidus. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
XX, Dec. 11, 1907, pp. 85, 86. 

Records Callospermophilus wort- 
mani as new for Colorado from 
specimens in the Biological Survey 
collection ; and makes remarks on 
the occurrence of Antrozous pal- 
lidus in Colorado, 



116 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, • 1!)0S. 



Lyon, Marcttr Ward, jr. Notes on a 
collection of niauimals from the 
])rovince of Kan-sn, China. 

Smithnouinn Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue. Vt. 2. No. 1726, 
July 9, 1007. pp. 133-i:iS, 
pis. xv-xvi. 
Systematic account of small col- 
lection of mammals made in the 
province of Kan-su by W. W. Simp- 
son. New species : Mi/otulixi can- 
siis, p. 134 ; Ochotona cansits, p. 
136. 

Mammals collected in western 

Borneo by Dr. W. L. Abbott. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. .Uus., xxxiii, 
No. 1577, Dec. 24, 1907, pp. 
547-572, figs. A and B, and 
map. 
A systematic account of mam- 
mals collected by Dr. W. L. Abbott 
in western Borneo in 1905. New 
species: Scinras s(i)i(iy(uis, p. 554; 
new subspecies, Sciurus borneoensis 
palttstris, p. 553. 

On a collection of mammals 



from the Batn Islands, west of 
Sumatra. 

Ann. Mag. i^'at. Hist., 8th ser., i. 
No. 2, Feb., 1908, pp. 136- 
140. 
A systematic list of a small col- 
lection of mammals in the British 
Museum from some of the Batu 
group. Sent for identification ana 
comparison with types of Malayan 
mammals in the T'. S. National Mu- 
seum. Now species : Cynocrphtilus 
tcUonis. p. 139, type in British 
Museum. 

MERRiAir, C. Hart. Descriptions of 
ten new kangaroo rats. 

Proc. Biol. 8oc. Washington, 
XX, July 22, 1907, pp. 74-79. 
Descriptions of the following new 
species and subspecies, all but one in 
the Biological Survey collection : Di- 
podomys spectabilis cratodon, p. 75 ; 
D. nelsoni, p. 75 ; D. platycepliahis, 
p. 76 ; D. niargaritae, p. 76 ; D. in- 
sularis, p. 77; D. lurrriami kcrnrn- 
sis, p. 77 : Perodipus »teplicnsi, p. 
78 (Merriam collection) ; P. Muno- 
ensis, p. 78; P. perplexus, p. 79; 
P. simulans peninsularis, p. 79. 

Three new rodents from Colo- 



rado. 

Proc. Biol. 8oc. Washington. 

XXI, June 9, 1908, pp. 143. 

144. 

Describes three new subspecies 

from specimens in the Biological 



Merriam, C. Hart — Continued. 

Survey collection : Eiitamias mini- 
mus caryi, p. 143 ; Xeotoma albi- 
gula warreni, p. 143 ; Thomomys 
talpoides agrestis, p. 144. 

Four new rodents from Cali- 



fornia. 

Proc. Biol. 8or. Washington, 
XXI. June 9, 1908, p. 145-147. 
Based on specimens in Biological 
Survej- collection. New species : 
Thomomys mcwa, p. 146. New sub- 
species : Microtus mordax bcrnar- 
diniis, p. 145 ; M. orcgoni adocetiis, 
p. 145; Thomomys ulpinus airahnee, 
p. 146. 

Miller, Gerrit S.,, jr. Some new 
European Insectivora and Carnivoia. 
Ann. Mag. Xat. Hist., 7th ser., 
XX, No. 119, Nov., 1907, pp. 
3S9-398. 
Describes ten new European mam- 
mals of the genera Crocidura, Yul- 
pes, Mclrs, Putorius, and Felis, 
from material in the British Museum. 

Four new European squirrels. 

Ann. Mag. \at. Hist., 7th ser., 
XX, No. 119, Nov., 1907, pp. 
426-430. 
Describes four new subspecies of 
the European squirrel, 8ciurns vul- 
garis, from specimens in the British 
Museum. 

Two new mammals from Asia 



Minor. 



Ann. Mag. yat. Hist., 8th ser., 

I, No. 1, Jan., 1908, pp. 

68-70. 

Describes a new species of Neomys 

and of Muscardiniis from material 

in the British Museum. 

- The recent voles of the Micro- 



iiif< iiivaHs group. 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 8th ser., 
I, No. 1, Jan., 1908, pp. 97- 
103. 
Creates the subgenus Chinomy.i for 
the Microtus nivalis group describ- 
ing all the members of the subge- 
nus, including three new species and 
one new subspecies. Based on mate- 
rial in the British Museum. 

Altum's squirrel names. 

Ann. Mag. Xat. Hist., 8th ser., 
I, No. 1, Jan., 1908, pp. 127, 
128. 
Discusses the status of some 
names applied to forms of the Eu- 
ropean squirrel by Altum in the sec- 
ond edition of Forstzoologie, 1876. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



117 



Miller, Gerrit S., jr. Eighteen new 
European voles. 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 8th ser., 
I, No. 2, Feb., 1908, pp. 194- 
206. 
Describes 18 new species and sub- 
species in the genera Erotonii/fi, 
Arvicola, Microtus, and Pityuujs, 
mainly from material in the British 
Museum. 

Nelson, E. W. Descriptions of new 
North American rabbits. 

Proc. Biol. .SVje. Washington, 
XX, .Tnly 22, 1907, pp. 81-84. 
Descriptions of the following new 
species and subspecies all in the 
collection of the Biological Survey : 
Lepus californicus mngadalcnac, p. 
81; Siylrilagus cognatus, p. 82; ;Sf. 
floridanus restrictus, p. 82 ; S. 
floridanus similis, p. 82 ; 8. audu- 
l)oni vallicola, p. 82; S. audutoni 
ccdrophilus, p. 83; S. auduboni neo- j 
mexicanus, p. 83 ; S. auduJjonl war- 1 
reni, p. 83 ; 8. mansuettis, p. 83 ; S. 
bachmani exiguus, p. 84. 

■ Descriptions cf two new sub- 
species of North American mammals. 

Proc. Biol. 8oc. Washington, 
XX, Dec. 11, 1907, pp. 87, 88. 
Describes as new subspecies : 
Lepus bairdi cascadensis, p. 87 (in 
the Museum of Comparative Zo- 
ology) and 8ciurus socialis littoralis, 
p. 87, Biological Survey collection. 

Nichols, John Treadwell. Notes on 

two porpoises captured on a voyage 

into the Pacific Ocean. 

Bull. Anier. Mus. Nat. Hist.. 
XXIV, Feb. 26, 1908, pp. 
217-219, pi. XIV. figs. 1-3. 
Descril)es (not as new) two por- 
poises secured by the writer in the 



Nichols, .John Treadwell — Cont'd. 

Pacific Ocean and makes compari- 
son with specimens in the U. S. 
National Museum. 

Osgood, Wilfred H. A new white- 
footed mouse from Alaslca. 

Proc. Biol. 8oc. Washington, 

XXI, .Tune 9, 1908, pp. 141, 

142. 

Describes the new species, Pero- 

Mi/scus hiilaeus. p. 141, Biological 

Survey collection. 

True, F. W. Observations on the type 
specimen of the fossil cetacean Ano- 
plonassa forcipata Cope. 

Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., li. No. 
4, July, 1907, pp. 97-106, 

pis. I-III. 

On the occurrence of remains 



of fossil cetaceans of the genus 
Scliizodelphis in the United States, 
and on Priscodelphinus (?) cras- 
sangulum Case. 

8mithsoni(in Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, pt. 4, No. 1782, 
Jan. 27, 1908, pp. 449-460, 

pis. LIX-LX. 

Re'marks on the fossil cetacean 



Rhabdosteus latiradix Cope. 

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., 
Apr. 22, 1908, pp. 24-29, one 
plate, figs. 1-3. 

■ Occurrence of three species of 



Iieaked whales of the genus Mesoplo- 
don on the Atlantic coast of the 
United States. 

Science (n. s.), xxvi. No. 67n, 
Dec. 6, 1907, p. 796. 



BIRDS. 



Bangs. Outram. On a collection of 

birds from western Costa Rica. 

Auk, XXIV, No. 3, .Tuly, 1907, pp. 
287-312. 
An annotated list of 238 species 
and subspecies collected in the Bo- 
ruca district of Costa Rica. Twelve 
forms are recorded as not hitherto 
known from this country, and the 
following are described as new to 
science : Micrustur interstcs (p. 
289), Qymnocichla nudiccps erra- 
tilis (p. 297), 8gnallaxis albescens 
latitabunda (p. 298), Dendroco- 
laptes sancti-thomae hesperius (p. 
299), Leptopogon pileutus j'austus 
(p 300), Cyanerpes hicidus isthmicus 



Bangs, Outram — Continued. 

(p. 306), and Buarremon costa- 
ricensis (p. 310). 

On certain Costa Rican birds. 

Proc. New Engl. Zool. Club, iv. 
Mar. 19, 1908, pp. 2.3-35. 
Remarks on 18 forms of Costa 
Rican birds, of which the following 
are designated as new : Trogon un- 
dericoodi (p. 24), Pachyrhamphus 
versicolor costariccnsis (p. 26), 
Myiobiiis xiinthopygus aureatus (p. 
27), Troglodytes ochraceus ligea (p. 
29), Myioborus anrantiacus acceptus 
(p. 30), Phlogothratipis sungiiino- 
lenta aprica (p. 31), and Emberi- 
soidcs sphcnura lucaris (p. 34). 



118 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Bangs, Outram, and Peck, Morton E. 
On some rare and new birds from 
British Honduras. 

Proc. Biol. 8oc. Wash., xxi, 
J>b. 20, 1008, pp. 43-40. 
Limnopindalus inacuhituis inaolitus 
(p. 43), Aiitrostomtis badius (p. 44), 
Troglodytes irrequies (p. 45), and 
Coturniculu.^ savunnarum craccns 
(p. 45) are described as new, and 
remarks are offered on seven other 
species. 

Carriker, M. a., jr. Brief descrip- 
tions of some new species of birds 
from Costa Rica and a record of 
some species not bitherto reported 
from that country. 

Annals Carnegie Mus., iv, Nos. 

Ill and IV, Apr., 1008, pp. 

301-302. 

Formicarius castaneiceps and 

SporophUa crissalis are described as 

new, and seven other species are 

noted as " new records from Costa 

Rica." 

Cooke, Wells W. Bird migration in 
the District of Columbia. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., xxi, 
Apr. 11, 1908, pp. 107-118. 
A complete list of the birds of the 
District of Columbia, with the dates 
of arrival and departure of the 
migratory species, and dates of oc- 
currence of the " rare or casual 
visitors." 293 species are enu- 
merated. . 

KiRKWooD. F. C. Chestnut-collared 
longspur ( Calcarius ornatus) in 
Maryland. 

Aiik, XXV, No. I, .Jan., 1908, p. 
84. 
First record of the chestnut-col- 
lared longspur from Maryland. 

Mearns, Edgar A. Two additions to 
the avifauna of the Philippines. 

Philippine Joiirn. i^ci., ii. No. 5, 
Sect. A, Oct., 1907, p. 353. 
Butorides spodiogaster and Spodi- 
opsar cincraccus are noted as new to 
the Philippine avifauna. 



Descriptions of a new genus and 

nine new species of Philippine birds. 

Philippine Journ. Scl., ii. No. 5, 

Sect. A, Oct., 1907,. pp. 355- 

360. 

The following species, obtained 

during the author's explorations in 

the Philippines, are described as 

new : MaUiidangia mcgrcgori (p. 

355), Centropiis carpenteri (p. 356), 

Cyornis mindorensis (p. 356), Rhipi- 

dura hutchinsoni (p. 357), Hypsi- 



Mearns, Edgar A. — Continued. 

petes hatanensis (p. 357), Merula 
malindangensis (p. 357), Merula 
mayoncnsis (p. 358), Oeocichla min- 
danensis (p. 359), and Zostcrops 
halconcnsis (p. 360). Malindangia 
(p. 355) is a new genus of Campe- 
phagidae. 

Miller, W. DeWitt. A review of the 
manakins of the genus Chiroxiphia. 
Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., xxiv. 
Art. XIX, May 2, 1908, pp. 
331-343, pi. XXV. 
The author recognizes 8 species, 
of which Chiro.Tiphia napensis (p. 
338) is described and figured as 
new. Each species is fully dis- 
cussed, and a key to the various 
forms, followed liy a table of meas- 
urements, completes the paper. 

Oberholser, Harry C. A new Agelaius 
from Canada. 

Auk, XXIV, No. 3, July, 1907, 
pp. 332-336. 
Agelaius phaniccus arctolegus is 
described as new (p. 332). 

Peck, Morton E. (See under Out- 
ram Bangs.) 

IliDGWAY, Robert. The Birds I of I 
North and Middle America : | A 
descripti\e catalogue | of the I 
higher groups,, genera, species, and 
subspecies of birds 1 known to occur 
in North America, from the I Arctic 

• lands to the Isthmus of Panama, 
the West Indies and other islands 
of the Caribbean 8ea, and the | Gal- 
apagos Archipelago. | By | Robert 
Ridgway I Curator, Division of 
Birds j — j I'art IV | Family 
Turdidae — Thrushes. 1 Family Zele- 
doiiiidae — Wren-Thrushes. I Family 
Mimidae — Mockingbirds. I Family 
.Sturnidae — Starlings. 1 Family Plo- 
ceidae — Weaver Birds. I Family 
Alaudidae — Larks, j Family Oxy- 
runcidae — Sharp-I)i]ls. I Family Ty- 
rannidae — Tyrant Flycatchers. I 
Family IMiiridae — Manakins. I Fam- 
ily Cotingidae — Chatterers. 1 — | 
Washington : | Government Print- 
ing Office. I 1907. j 

Bull. .lO (I't. IV) U. 8. Nat. 
Mus. pp. i-xxii, 1-973, pis. 
i-xxxiv, .July 1, 1907. 
The present volume embraces 424 
species and subspecies and 105 gen- 
era, distributed through the above 
families. The diagnostic characters 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



119 



RiDGWAY, Robert — Continued. 

of the genera are illustrated by 119 
outline drawings in the 34 plates 
accompanying the volume. 

Zcledonia insuerata (p. 72), Sem- 
narchus (p. 689), and Myiarchus 
magistcr nclsoni (p. 90.3), are new. 



RiDGWAY, Robert — Continued. 

With the completion of this part, 
the number of species and subspecies 
described reaches a total of l,67.j, 
or a little more than half of the 
known forms of North and Middle 
America. 



REPTILES AND BATRACHIANS. 



Hay, Oliver P. On three existing spe- 
cies of sea-turtles, one of them (Ca- 
retta remivaga) new. 

Proc. U. 8. yat. Mus. xxxiv. 
No. 1605, May 4, 1908, pp. 
183-198, pis. vi-xi. 
Caretta remivuf/a, new species ; 
type, No._9973, U. S. National Mu- 
seum. All of the material upoa 
which this paper is based is in the 
National Museum. 

RuTHVEN, Alexander (i. Variations 
and Genetic [ Relationships of the 
I Garter-Snakes | by | Alexander G. 
Ruthven | curator of the University 
Museum. University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor | [seal] I Washington j 
Government Printing Office | 1908. 
Bull. r. 8. Xat. Mus. No. 61, 
June 24, 1908, pp. i-xii, 
1-201, pi. I, figs. 1-82. 
A monographic treatment of the 
genus TJiainno/jhia, tracing the prob- 
able origin and genetic relation of 
the various species and subspecies. 
The paper is based largely upon 
material in the National Museum, 
and also on collections in the pos- 
.session of the author, as well as in 
the museums at Philadelphia, Chi- 
cago, and New York. 

Stejneger, Leonhard. Herpetology 
of Japan and ! Adjacent Territory | 
by I Leonhard Stejneger | Curator, 
Division of Reptiles and Batrachi- 
ans I — I With 35 plates and 409 
iu the text | [seal] | Wash- 
Government Printing Office 



figures 
iugton 
! 1907. 



Bull. U. 8. Xat. Mus., No. 58, 
Aug. 9, 1907, pp. i-xx, 1-577, 
pis. i-xxxv. figs. 1-409. 
A full account of the batrachians 
and reptiles of .Japan, including For- 
mosa and Sakhalin, Korea, and Man- 
churia, based upon the study of 
more than 1.500 specimens, mostly 
in the National Museum, but nu- 
merous tyjjes and other specimens in 
the British Museum and in the mu- 



Stejneger, Leonhard — Continued. 

seums of Tokyo, Leiden, Hamburg, 
Frankfurt a/M, etc., were also ex- 
amined. 



A new geckoid lizard from the 

Philippine Islands. 

Proc. V. 8. Xat. Mus. xxxiii. 
No. 1576, Dec. 24, 1907, pp. 
545, 546. 
Luperosaurus macprcf/ori, new 
species; type No. 36191, U. S. Na- 
tional Museum. 

Two new species of toads from 

the Philippines. 

Proc. V. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1578. Feb. 18, 1908. pp. 
573-576. 
Phri/nixalus anulatus, new spe- 
cies ; type. No. 35399 ; Kalophrynus 
stellatus, new species ; type. No. 
37375. U. S. National Museum. 

A new species of flying lizard 

from the Philippine Islands. 

Proc. r. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 

No. 1583. Feb. 29, 1908, pp. 

677-679. 

Draco mindanensis, new species; 

type. No. 37388, U. S. National 

Museum. 

Three new species of lizards 



from the Philippine Islands. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. Mus.. xxxiv. 
No. 1606, May 4, 1908. pp. 
199-204. 
Sphenomorphus atrigularis, new 
species; type. No. 37386, U. S. Na- 
tional Museum ; 8plienomorphus 
steerei, new species ; type, No. 
32658. TT. S. National Museum ; 
T rapid opiior us misaminius; new spe- 
cies : type. No. 37383, U. S. National 
Museum. 

The status of the Japanese soft- 



shelled turtles. 

Science in. s.), xxvii. No. 697, 
May 8. 1908. pp. 746-748. 
Supplementary notes to the treat- 
ment of the subject in The Her- 
petology of Japan. 



120 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



FISHES. 



Bean. Barton A. A lump-fisli from 
Chesapeake Bay. 

Forest and Stream, lxix, Xo. 

5. Ausr. 3, 1007. pp. 178-1 rn. 

An authentic record of the capture 
of Cyclopterus lumpus, in Chesa- 
peake Bay near Portress Monroe. 

On Ctenolucius Gill, a neglected 

genus of Cliaracin fishes, with notes 
on the typical species. 

Proc. U. S. X(it. iliis.j XXXIII, 
No. 1.588. Mar. 4, 1908. pp. 
701-70.3, 1 fig. 
Establishing the genus Ctcnolu- 
ciiLS. for many years overlooked. 

(See also under Alvin Seale.) 

DiCKERSON, Mary Cynthia. (See 

under David Starr Jordan.) 
EiGENMANN, Carl H., and Ogle, 
Fletcher. An annotated list of 
Characin fishes in the U. S. National 
Museum and the museum of Indiana 
I'niversity, with descriptions of new 
species. 

Proc. U. 8. Sat. Mus., sxxiii. 
No. 1556, Sept. 10, 1907, pp. 
1-.36. figs. 1-8. 
One hundred and twenty fishes are 
listed and the following are de- 
scribed as new: Cnritnatufi breripe.s: 
C. Icueiscus boliviae ; Prochilodus 
brani; Parodon paraguai/ensis ; P. 
piracicabae ; Lcporinus parae; Chei- 
rodon riheiroi ; C. microptrnis ; Odon- 
tustUhe in icrocepJuilus ; Aphyochani.c 
rafhbiini; A. stramineiis ; Holo- 
pristts riddlei; Hemigrummiis mi- 
croptrrus : H. tridrns : H. bouhn 
geri ; H. anisitsi ; H. santae; H. in- 
constant; Antyanux riitihis iiicurii- 
guensis ; A. emperador; A. orthodu-s; 
A. atrotoensis ; A. megalops ; Churux 
atratoensis. 

Gill. Theodore. The remarlcable 

story of a Greek fish, the Glanis. 

Oeo. Washington Univ. Bull., 
V, No. 4, Dec, 1906, pp. 5- 
13, figs. 1-.3. 
After a reference to the Wels 
(Sihinis glanis), the various pas- 
sages of Aristotle relative to the 
Glanis are reproduced. References 
to them by Cuvier and Valenciennes. 
Apostolides, Smith, and Boulenger 
connecting them with the Wels are 
noticed. The differences between 
the Wels and Glanis are then con- 
trasted, and agreement is declared 
with Agassiz, Garman, Jordan, and 



Gill, Theodore — Continued., 

Hoffman. who recognized the 
Glanis as a very distinct species — 
Parasihirv.s aristutcUs. It is for 
the first time illustrated by 3 fig- 
ures obtained from the Smithsonian 
Institution. 

Le Tondule (Fundula cyprino- 

donta) of Carbonnier an Fnihra. 

Science (n. s.), sxiv, Xo. 625, 
Dec. 21, 1906, pp. 818-819. 
The fish observed by Carbonnier 
was erroneously named and was an 
I'mbrid. the Umbra pygmaea or Mud- 
fish of Xew York. 

The work of Pterophryne and 

the flying-tishes. 

Science (n. s.), xsv. No. 628, 
Jan. 11. 1907. p. 63. 
The so-called nest attributed in 
1871 to the Antennarid fish by L. 
Agassiz was really the result of a 
flying-fish's oviposition. The Pter- 
ophryne oviposits and makes a raft 
like the Angler (Lophius piscatoris) . 

Note on the genus Kuhlia. 

Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., 
Apr.. 1907. p. 150. 
In contradiction of H. W. Fow- 
ler, it is claimed that the name 
Dules should be reserved for D. 
anriga and the second section should 
retain the name Kuhlia, given in 
1861. 

[Parental care exercised by the 



Osteoglossoid fish t^rleropitffe.'i for- 

IIKi.^liS.] 

Science ( n. s. l. xxv. Xo. 648, 
May 31. 1907. p. 863. 
A note on Fuhrmann's observa- 
tion. 

The lumpsucker, its relation- 



ship and habits. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., h, 

Quar. issue, Pt. 2, No. 1729, 

July 10, 1907, pp. 175-194, 

figs. 32-47. 

An account of the Cyclopterus 

him pus is given. 

The chief characteristics are noted 
of the family Cyclopterids. the 
genera indicated and figured, the 
characters and popular names re- 
corded. The general habits, the ovi- 
position and care of young by male 
parent, and the growth of young are 
detailed. Different views as to its 
economical value are compared. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



121 



Gill, Theodore. Holothurian names. 
Science (n. s.). xxvi. No. 658, 
Aug. n, 1907, pp. 18.5, 186. 
.Apropos of The Holothurians of 
the Ilawiiiian Islands, by Walter K. 
Fisher, it is shown that the tirst in- 
clusion of holothurians, so called, 
in the genus Holothuria was pub- 
lished in the twelfth edition of the 
Systema Naturae. In the tenth edi- 
tion only the Portuguese man-of- 
war and three species of Ascidians 
were included. The name Holothuria 
should be conlined to the first and 
replace Phiji<nlia, while for the typ- 
ical holothurians should be revived 
the name Bolm<lscliia of .lilger and 
Bohadschiidac should be used as the 
family name. 

Diemyctylus or Notophtbalmus 

as names of a salamander. 

Science (n. s.). xxvi, No. 06O, 
Aug. 23, 1907. p. 2oC. 
In his Herpetology of Japan and 
adjacent territory Dr. L. Stejneger 
adopted the name Dieinyctiihis and 
was unable to give the etymoloiry. 
It is demonstrated that ?:otopli- 
thuhiius should be used instead of 
Diemyctylus and the etymologies of 
the two names are given. 

Stone-gathering fishes. 

Am. Xaturalist, XLi, No. 487, 
July, 1907, pp. 468, 469. 
An article on " Chubs' nests," by 
A. W. G. Wilson, is referred to 
and the evidence as to the species 
(Semotilus corporalis or S. utro- 
maculatus) claimed to make the 
nests compared. 

The Coracinns of Josephns. 

Palestine Exph Fund. Quart. 
Statement, Oct., 1907, p. 317. 
The Coracinus is identified with 
a Tilapia. 

Systematic Zoology : Its prog- 



GiLL, Theodore — Continued. 

propagation, (7) embryology and 
growth, and (8) uses and injuries. 
An appendix gives results of exam- 
ination of 50 specimens with refer- 
ence to numbers of rays. It is 
shown that there is variation in 
the number of ventral rays (3 or 4) 
and that the Pegedictis ictalops 
(Rafinesque) was not a Coitus, but 
Etheoctoma flabeUare. 

Herre, Albert Christian. ( See under 

David Starr Jordan.) 
Jordan, David Starr, and Dickerson, 
^L\RY Cynthia. Notes on a coller* 
tion of fishes from the Gulf of Mex- 
ico, at Vera Cruz and Tampico. 

Proc. U. S. yat. Mus., xxxiv. 
No. 1592, .Vpr. 6, 1908, pp. 
11-22, figs. 1, 2. 
Bdinliilhi rrruc-crucis is described 
as new. 

Description of a new 

species of halfbeak, Hemiramphus 
mioprorus, from Nagasaki, Japan. 

Proc. r. S. Xnt. Mus.. xxxiv. 
No. 1602, Apr. 25, 1908, pp. 
111-112, one fig. 

and IIerre, Albert Christian. 



ress and i»urpose. 

Science (n. s.), xxvi. No. 668, 
Oct. 18, 1907, pp. 489-505. 

The Millers-thumb and its 



habits. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., lii, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 1. No. 1801. 
June 18, 1908, pp. 101-116, 
figs. 26-39. 
An account of the Cottus gobio 
and related species is given with 
relation to (1) its systematic posi- 
tion, (2) the characteristics of the 
subfamily Cottinae and genus Cottus. 
the popular names, (3) specific and 
sexual distinctions, (4-5) habits in 
general, (6) sexual relations and 



A review of the Cirrhitoid fishes of 

Japan. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1562, Oct. 2.3, 1907, pp. 
157-167, figs. 1, 2. 
One new genus, Isobuna, is de- 
scribed. 
and Richardson, Robert Earl. 



On a collection of fishes from Ech- 

igo, Japan. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 

No. 1570, Dec. 12, 1907, pp. 

263-266, figs. 1-3. 

Three new species, Lefua echi- 

gonia, Pallasina eryngia, and Chloi'a 

nakaniurae are described. 

Description of a new 



species of killifish, Liicania browni, 
from a hot spring in Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 

No. 1572, Dec. 24, 1907. pp. 

319-321, 1 fig. 

A review of the flat- 



heads, gurnards, and other mail- 
cheeked fishes of the waters of 

Japan. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1581, Feb. 28, 1908, pp. 
629-670, figs. 1-9. 



122 

J^ *-d t^ 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Jordan. David Staer, and Kichakdsox. 
Robert Earl — Continued. 

Thirteen genera and 24 species are 
listed, of which the following are de- 
scribed as new : Genera, Rogadius, 
Bambradon, Darti/loptena, Daicocus ; 
species, Hoiilkhthijs (jilberti. 

and Seale, Alvin. List of fislies 

collected in the river at Buyteuzorg, 
Java, by Dr. Douglas Houghton 
Campbell. 

Proc. U. S. yat. Mus., xxxiii. 

No. 1.575, Dec. 24, 1907, pp. 

535-.J4.3. figs. 1, 2. 

Twenty-four species are listed, one 

of which, Olossogohiiis campliell- 

ianus, is described as new. 

Kexdall, William Converse. Iden- 
tity of a supposed vs'hitefish, Corc- 
gonus angiisticeps, Cuvier and Valen- 
ciennes, with a northern cyprinid, 
Platygohio (jracilis (Richardson). 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., lu, 
Quar. issue, pt. 1, No. 1800, 
May 27, 1908, pp. 95-99. 



Ogle, Fletcher. (See under C. H. 
Eigenmann.) 

Seale, Alvin and Bean, Barton A. 
On a collection of fishes from the 
Philippine Islands, made by Maj. 
Edgar A. Mearns, surgeon, V. S. 
Army, with description of seven new 
species. 

Proc. U. <S'. Xat. Mus.. xxxiii. 

No. 1568, Nov. 21, 1907, pp. 

229-248, figs. 1-8. 

In this paper 132 species of fishes 

collected by Doctor Mearns at Zam- 

boanga and vicinity are listed. The 

following are described as new : 

Barbus quinqitemaculatus, Mcarnsella 

clestes, Rasbora imnctulatus, Poly- 

daclylus opercularis, Cephalopholis 

maculntiis, Charops zamboangue, and 

Callyodon latifasciatus. 

Snyder, John Otterbein. Description 
of Pantosteus sauta-auae, a new 

species from the Santa Ana River, 
Cal. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiv. 

No. 1595. Apr. 6, 1908, pp. 
33, 34. 



MOLLTTSKS. 



Bartsch, Paul. New marine mollusks 

from the west coast of America. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1564, Oct. 23, 1907, 
pp. 177-183. 

This paper embraces diagnoses of 
new mollusks from the Oregonian 
faunal area belonging to the genera 
Sella, Bittium, CeritJiiopsis, and 
Metaa'ia. 

The following new species and 
subspecies are described : Scila mon- 
tcrcpciisis, Bittium (Stylidium) es- 
chrichtl montereyensis, B. (S) es- 
chrichti icclum, B. csuriens multi- 
filosum,B. tumiilum, B. quadrifllutum 
ingen-s, Ccrithiopsis cosmia, C. pc- 
droaiia, Metaxia diudcma. 

The west American mollusks of 



the genus Triphoris. 

Proc. r. S. Xut. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1569, Dec. 12, 1907. 
pp. 249-262. one plate. 
A monograph of the west Ameri- 
can members of the genus : Tripho- 
ris montereyensis, T. pedroanus, T. 
callipyrgus, T. carpenteri, T. hemp- 
hill i, T. catalinensis, T. stearnsi, T. 
peiiinsularis. T. CTColpus, T. pana- 
m en sis, T. dalli, T. galapagensis, T. 
chalhumcnsis, T. adamsi. 



Bartsch, Paul, A new fresh-water 
bivalve (Corneocyclas) from the 
mountains of Ecuador. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1584, Feb. 29. 1907. 
pp. 681, 682, flgs. 1, 2. 
Corneocyclas davisi. 

Notes on the fresh-water mol- 

lusk Plauorbis magnificus and de- 
scriptions of two new forms of the 
same genus from the southern States. 
Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1587, Mar. 4, 1908, pp. 
097-700. one plate. 
Planorbis eucosmius,P. eucosmius 
vaughani. 

(See also under W. H. Dall.) 

I) ALL. William Healey. Descriptions 
of new species of shells, chiefly Buc- 
cinidae, from the dredgings of the 
U. S. S. Albatross during 1906, in 
the northwestern Pacific, Bering, 
Okhotsk, and Japanese seas. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 2, No. 1727, 
July 0. 1907, pp. 139-173. 
The following species were de- 
scribed as new, the types being in 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



123 



Dall, William Healey — Continued. 

the National Museum : Pleuroto- 
mella simplicissimd ; Buccinum zc- 
lotcs, B. opisoplectuni, B. niponense, 
B. cnismatum, B. diplodctum, B. 
epistomium, B. sigmafoplcura , B. 
pnlium, B. wdematum, B. acutispir- 
atum, B. surugonuin, B. kadiakcnsc, 
B. aniicanum, B. saklialinense, B. 
ectomocyma, B. bomhi/cinum, B. 
limnoidcum, B. simulatum, B. hitJi- 
muloideiim, B. rossiciim, B. pemphi- 
gus, B. orotundum, B. fucanum, and 

B. eugrammatum ; Clirysodomus in- 
sularis var. const) ictus, C. rarici- 
ferus, C. parallehis, C. adclphicus, C. 
encodes, C. cuiimntus, C. trochoid- 
eus, C. (Ancistrolepis) dumon, 

C. (-1) grammatus ; Tritonofusus 
calamaus, T. esyclius, T. {Plici- 
fusus) polypleuratus, T. (PI 
Claudes, T. (P) rhyssus, T. (P) 
aurantius, T. (Pi croceus, T. (Pi 
kroyeri, var. ; Mohnia micra, M. 
sordida, J/, clarki; Tolutopsius inid- 
dendorffii var. cinphaticus, V. ken- 
nicotti var. incisus. V. limfttus, V. 
simplex, V. harpa var. d(j-ius; Lio- 
mcsus histriatus ; Boreotrophon ele- 
gantulus ; Metula elongata ; Galeo- 
dea leucodoma; Astraea persica; 
Basilissd liahclica ; Microgaza ful- 
gens ; CoccuUna japnnicn ; Dcntal- 
ium crocinum ; Xucula tniriflca; Pec- 
ten (Chlamys) erythrocomatus ; Crc- 
nella grisea; C. diaphana ; Modiol- 
aria imprcssa; Liocyma aniwana ; 
Pholadomya pacifica. 

Certain new terms for indicating 
in a diagnosis tlie direction of 
sculpture, are also proposed, p. 141. 



Linnaeus as a zoologist. 

Proc. TTas/f. Acad. Sci., ix. July 
31, 1907, pp. 272-274. 
An address before the commemo- 



rative meeting of the academv in 
honor of the bicentennial of Lin- 
naeus. 

- On the synonymic history of 



the genera, Clava Martyn. and Ceri- 

thium Bruguiere. 

Proc. Acad. Sat. .S'ci. Phila., 
Sept., 1907, pp. 363-.3G9. 
A discussion of the history of 
these generic names with the correc- 
tion of a number of published er- 
rors. 

Supplementary notes on Mar- 

tyn's Universal Conchologist. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 

No. 1565, Oct. 23, 1907, pp. 

185-192, one fig. 

These notes give an account of the 

names proposed by Martyn in his 



Dall, William Healey — Continued. 

third and fourth volumes, from a 
copy in the library of the Austra- 
lian Museum at Sydney, and finally 
prove that ' the four parts of the 
work were issued in 1784, 1784, 
1786, and 1787. It is also shown 
that the text of ("lienu's so-called 
reprint is innaccurate and not to be 
relied upon. 

On a Cymatium new to the 

Californian fauna. 

Sautilus, XXI, No. 8, Dec, 1907, 
pp. 85. 86. 
Describes a specimen of a new 
variety, trcmperi, of Cymatium cor- 
rtigatum Lamarck, collected by Dr. 
R. H. Tremper near San Tedro, Cal., 
the species being previously known 
only as a member of the Mediterra- 
nean fauna. 



- Xotes. 

yautilus, XXI, No. 8, Dec, 1907, 
pp. 90, 91. 
These notes relate to Planorhis 
magnificus Pilsbry, which is blind 
when adult ; to a reversed Margi- 
nella apicina in the National Mu- 
seum : and to discovery of Ilyanassa 
obsoleta Say, alive on oyster beds 
on the shores of San Francisco Bay, 
where Ostrea virginica had been 
" planted," doubtless imported from 
the East with " seed " oysters. 

-Memoranda of suggestions for 



the organization of an American 

Conchological association or society. 

Nautilus, XXI, No. 8, Dec. 1907, 

pp. 94-96. 

This is practically the report of a 

committee to consider the formation 

of such a society, appointed at the 

International Zoological Congress of 

1907, by those members interested 

in the subject. 

Note on Gonidea augulata Lea, 



a fresh-water bivalve, with descrip- 
tion of a new variety. 

Smithsonian Misc. CoUs., L, 

Quar. issue. Ft. 4, No. 1784, 

Jan. 28, 1908. pp. 499. 500. 

Describes the variety haroldiana 

Dall, from Santa Clara County, CaL 

— = — Anew species of Cavolina, with 



notes on other Pteropoda. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., L, 
Quar. issue. Ft. 4. No. 1785, 
Jan. 28. 1908, pp. 501. 502. 
Cavolina cnuthouyi Dall, from the 
South Pacific is described ; the new 
name Clio antarctica is proposed for 
the preoccupied C. australis D'Or- 
bigny, and notes are given on a num- 
ber of other Pacific Fteropods. 



124 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSiEUM, 1908. 



Dall, William Healey. Subdivisions 
of the Terobridae. 

Nautilus, XXI, No. 11, Mar.. 
1008, pp. 124, 12.5. 
A revision of tlie group ba.'sod on 
the museum collection. The follow- 
ing new subdivisions are proposed : 
Perirhoe for Tcrebra circiimcincta 
Deshayes ; TrrpIoslephanKS for Terc- 
hra triseriafa Gray ; Acuminia for 
Tcrebra lanccata Linnaeus ; and 
Duplicarid for forms like Terehra 
duplicata Lamarck. A new tech- 
nical term, " pervious," is proposed 
for the condition when the axis of 
a spiral gastropod is coiled about 
a central vacant space without sepa- 
rating it from the cavity of the 
whorls, in contradistinction to 
" perforate." which indicates an 
asuil umbilicus completely separated 
from the cavity of the whorls. 

Note on Turbouilla castanea 

and Odostomia montereyensis. 

Xautilus, XXI, No. 11, Mar., 
1908, p. 131. 
These names, given by Dall and 
Bartsch in a recent paper (Proc. 
U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 1.574), having 
proved to be preoccupied, the names 
T. (P.) cnstanella and O. (A.) can- 
flcldi are proposed as substitutes. 

Some new Californian shells. 

Nautilus, xxr. No. 12, Apr., 

1908, pp. 136, 137. 

Rissoa (Alvania) gripplana and 

Bcla grippi are described as new 

from specimens in the U. S. National 

Museum. 

A revision of the Solenoniv- 



acidae. 

Nautilus, xxii. No. 1, May, 
1908. pp. 1, 2. 
A revision of the group showing 
that it comprises several subdivi- 
sions, namely, subgenus 8ole)iiya 
Lamarck, with three sections ; new 
subgenus Petrasma Dall. with three 
sections ; and new subgenus Acharax 
Dall, with one section. The speci- 
mens studied are in the National 
Museum. 

Doctor Montgomery's proposed 



amendment to the rules of nomen- 
clature. 

Science (n. s. ), xxvi. No. 6.")6. 
.luly, 26, 1907, p. 117. 

■ The Antarctic expedition of the 



Discovery under Capt. Scott, R. N.. 
1901-1904. 

Science (n. s.), xxvi. No. 661, 
Aug. 30. 1907, pp. 283-28.5. 
Review of Vols, ii and in, on 
Zoology and Botany. 



Dall, William Healey. Resultats du 
Voyage du S. Y. Belgica, en 1897- 
1899, sous le commandement de A. 
de Gerlache de Gomery : Zoologie. 

Science (n. s. ), xxvi. No. 672, 
Nov. 15, 1907, pp. 660, 661. 
Review of reports on the zoology 
of the Belgian antarctic expedition. 
For the preoccupied medusa-name 
Isonema. the new name Arctapo- 
dema is proposed by the reviewer. 

National Antarctic Expedition, 

190] -1901, S. S. Discovery, com- 
manded by Captain Scott, R. N., 
Natural History, \'o\. i. Geology. 

Science (n. s. ), xxvi. No. 672, 
Nov. 15, 1907, pp. 661, 662. . 
A review of the geological results 
of the expedition. 

Some notes on malacological 

nomenclature. 

Science (n. s.l, xxxvii. No. 699, 

May 22, 1908, pp. 827, 828. 

A discussion of some nomencla- 

torial (juestions raised by Dr. H. 

von Iheriug. 

Descriptions of new species of 

mollusks from the Pacific coast of 
the United States, with notes on 
other mollusks from the same region. 
Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., xxxiv. 
No. 1010, June 16, 1908, pp. 
245-257. 
The following new forms are de- 
scribed : Clistaxis poli/strigma, Tur- 
ris (Antiplancs) diaulax, T. (Sur- 
cula) lialcyonis, Acanthina lapil- 
loidcs variety nurantia, Tritonofusus 
(Plicifu^us) kelseyi, Borcotrophon 
hentleyi, Anachis petravis, Opalia 
(Dentiscala) mazatlanica, O. (D.) 
mexicana, Epitonium (Crisposcala) 
acrofttephanu-s, E. (C.) catalinae, 
fEulima Inniana, Odostomia (Evalea) 
atossa, Trichotropisf kelsciji, Phasi- 
anella compta variety producta, Fis- 
surella volcano variety criicifcra, 
Yoldia ensifera variety plena. 

The following new names are sub- 
stitutes for names which are found 
to be preoccupied : for Plcurotoma 
inermis Hinds, the specific name 
Ophiodcrma ; for P. canccUata Car- 
penter, the name rhines ; for Colum- 
hella (Anachis) minima Arnold, the 
name arnoldi; for Eulithidium va- 
riegatum Carpenter, the name 
tjipicum ; for Pliasianella punctata 
Carpenter, the name carprntcri. 

The material upon which this 
paper is based is in the National 
Museum. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL. MUSEUM, 1908. 



125 



Dall, William Healey, and Bartsch, 
Paul. The Pyramidellid mollusks 
of the Oregouian faunal area. 

Proc. U. S. Sat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1574, Dec. 31, 1907, pp. 
491-534, pis. xLiv-XLViii. 
This is a general revision of the 
local group from material chiefly in 
the National Museum. The follow- 
ing new species are described and 
figured: TurboniUa (Turbonilla) 
giUi and subspecies delmontensts. 
{T. Chemnitzia?) inoiitereyensis, T. 
(C.) muricatoides, T. {Striotur- 
hoDilla) serrae, T. (Pi/ifjolampros) 
taylori, T. (P.) berryi, T. (P.) 
hjain, T. (P.) rictoriana, T. (P.) 
valdezi, T. (P.) netrcombei, T. ( /'.) 
oregonensis, T. {Piinjlscus) canfleldi, 
T. (P.) morchi, T. (P.) antestriata, 
T. (P.) eucosmobasis, T. (P.) cas- 
tanea (preoccupied name, later 
changed to T. castanella), T. {Mor- 
Diula) eschscholtzi ; Odostomia 
iChrysaUida) coopcri, 0. (C.) as- 
tricta, O. (C.) montereyensis, O. 



Dall, William Healey, and Bartsch. 
Paul — Continued. 

(C) oregonensis, O. (Ividia) navisa, 
O. (/.) navisa delmontensis, 0. 
(lolaea) amianta, O. < Menestho) 
pharcida, O. (M.) harfordensis, O. 
(J/.) rxara, O. (Eraha) tiUainookcn- 
sis, O. (E.) angularis, O. (E.) jew- 
etti, O. (E.) Columbiana, O. (E.) 
deUciosa, O. (E.) tacomaensis, O. 
{E.) valdezi, O. (E.) phanea, O. 
(Amaura) kennerleyi, O. (A.) mon- 
tereyensis (previously used and later 
replaced by O. (A.) canfleldi. 

•The following previously described 
but unfigured species are figured : 
Turbonilla rancouvcrensis Baird, T. 
Stijlina Carpenter, T. lordi E. A. 
Smith, T. tridentata Carpenter, T. 
tenuicula Gould, T. aurantia Car- 
penter; Odostomia tenuisculpta Car- 
penter, O. inflata Carpenter, O. avcl- 
lana Carpenter, 0. nuciformis Car- 
penter, O. gouldii, 0. satura Car- 
penter. 



INSECTS. 



Barber. H. S. Notes on Omomyia hir- 

suta Coquillett. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 
1908, pp. 28, 29. 

The glow-worm Astraptor. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wa.-?h.. ix^ Apr., 
1908, pp. 41-i3, pi. I. 

BuscK, August. New genera and spe- 
cies of American microlepidoptera. 

Journ. y. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 
3, Sept., 1907. pp. 134-140. 
Two new genera and nine new 
species from the United States are 
described. 

■ Descriptions of three new Tor- 



tricidae from Mexico. 

Journ. N. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 
4, Dec, 1907, pp. 235, 236. 

Descriptions of North American 



Tineina. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr.. 
1908. pp. 85-95. 
Sixteen new species. 

Report on a trip for the purpose 



of studying the mosquito fauna of 

Panama. 

Smithsonvin Misc. Colls., lii, 

Quar. issue. No. 1795, May 1, 
1908, pp. 49-77. 
Notes on the habits of the various 
specie^ taken. 



BuscK, August. New microlepidop- 
tera from Pennsyh-ania. 

Can. Ent., XL, No. 6, June, 
1908, pp. 193-196. 
Seven new species are described. 

Caudell. a. N. Kirby's catalogue of 

Orthoptera. 

Can. Ent., xxxix. No. 8, Aug., 
1907, pp. 287-292. 
Additions and corrections. 



An insect ventriloquist. 

Ent. News, XVIII, No. 8, Oct., 
1907, pp. 335, 336. 
On the song of Cyphoderris piperi. 



On some Forficulidae of the 

United States and the West Indies. 

Journ. X. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 

3, Sept., 1907. pp. 166-170. 

Description of two new species 

and notes on a number of describe! 

forms. 

Notes on United States Orthop- 



tera, with the description of one new 

species. 

Proc Ent. Soc Wash., viii, 
Nos. 3, 4, 1907, pp. 13.3-135. 
A number of new records in. 
Orthoptera. 



126 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Caudell, a. X. On some oanvigs 
(Forficulidae) collected in Guate- 
mala by Messrs. Scluvarz ami P.ar- 

ber. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. 3Ius., xxxiii. 
No. 156:^.. Oct. 2.3, 1007. pp. 
160-176. 
A number of new species and a. 
new genus are described. 

— A new Barytettix from Ari- 
zona. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 
lOOS, pp. 60-71. 
Barytettix horealis described. 

Notes on some western Or- 

tlioptera : with the description of 
one new species. 

Proc. U. 8. i\'at. Mus., xxxiv, 

No. 1599, Apr. 17, 1008, pp. 

71-81. 

Report on a collection of Or- 

thoptera made on the Pacific coast. 

CoQUiLLETT. D. W. Notcs and de- 
scriptions of Hippoboscidae and 
Streblid;;e. 

Ent. Keics, xviii. No. 7. July, 

1907, pp. 290-292, one fig. 
Describes one new genus and two 

new species, with notes on four ad- 
ditional species. 

■ New genera and species of 

Dipt era. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 

1908, pp. 144-148. 
Describes three new genera and 

nine new species. 

Crawford. J. C. New North Ameri- 
can Hymenoptera. 

Journ. N. Y. Ent. 8oc., xv. No. 
4, Dec, 1907, pp. 177-183. 
Five new genera and nine new 
species, mostly parasitic, are de- 
scribed. 

Notes on some species of the 

genus Halictus. 

Journ. N. Y. Ent. Sac, xv, No. 
4. Dec, 1907, pp. 183-189. 
Tables of the black species with 
the description of one new species 
in the National Museum. 

A new genus and species of 

Eupelminae. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wasli., ix, Apr., 
1908, pp. 156, 157. 
One new genus and one new spe- 
cies from the West Indies are de- 
scribed. 

= Some new Chalcidoidea. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 
1908, pp. 157-160. 
One new genus and six new spe- 
cies are described. 



Dyar, H. U. The life histories of the 
New York slug-caterpillars, xix. 

Journ. -V. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 4, 
Dec, 1907, pp. 219-226, pi. ii. 
One species. 

New American Lepidoptera. 

Journ. X. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 4, 
Dec, 1907, pp. 226-234. 
One new genus and 18 new species 
are described, and notes given on 
other species. 

The identity of Brephos califor- 



nicus and B. melanis. 

Can. Ent., xxxix. No. 12, Dec, 
1907, p. 411. 

Descriptions of some new spe- 



cies of American Noctuidae. 

Can. Ent., xl. No. 3, Mar., 1908, 
pp. 77-80. 

The geometrid genus Racheo- 



spila. 



Can. Ent., xh. No. 5, May, 1908, 
p. 171. 

Life histories of North Amer- 
ican Geometridae, lxviii. 

Psyche, xiv. No. 5, Oct., 1907, 
pp. 92-94. 

Notes on some species of Noto- 



dontidae in the collection of the U. S. 
National iluseum, with descriptions 
of new genera and species. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 
1908, pp. 45-69. 
Five new genera and 32 new spe- 
cies are described. 

A pyralid inhabiting the fur of 



the living sloth. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 
1908, pp. 142-144, fig. 9. 
One new genus, one new species. 

and Knab, F. Descriptions of 



three new North American mosqui- 
toes. 

Journ. y. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 4, 
Dec, 1907, pp. 213, 214. 

Descriptions of new mos- 
quitoes from the Canal Zone. 

Journ. y. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 
4, Dec, 1907, pp. 197-212. 
Describes 31 new species. 

Heidemann, Otto. Notes on Heide- 
mannia cixiformis Uhler and other 
species of Isometopinae. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., ix, Apr., 
1908, pp. 126-130, fig. 7. 
Describes 3 new species. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



127 



Howard, L. O. New genera and spe- 
cies of Apelininae, with a revised 

table of the genera. 

L^ S. Dept. Agr., Bur. Ent., 

Technical Series, No. 12, I't. 

4, July 12, 1907, pp. 69-88, 

figs. 13-22. 

Descriptions of 5 new genera and 

20 new species. 

A chalcidid parasite of the tick. 

Ent. Xeics, XVIII, No. 9, Nov., 
1907, pp. 375-378, pi. xiv, 

1 fig. 
Description of Ixodiphagus, new 
genus, texaniis, new species, and an 
account of the evidence connected 
with the rearing of this form from 
Jldcmaphiisniis Icporis-palustris on 
rabbits in Texas. 
A suggestion regarding develop- 



ment retarded by parasitism. 

Can. Ent., xl. No. 1, Jan., 1908, 
pp. 34, 35. 
Knab, Frederick. Mosquitoes as flow- 
er visitors. 

Journ. X. Y. Ent. 8oc., xv. No. 
4, Dec, 1907. pp. 21.5-219. 
A summary of all records of mos- 
quitoes as flower visitors. 



Knab, Frederick. Culicid characters. 
Can. Ent., xxxix. No. 10, Oct., 
1907, pp. 349-353. 
Discussion of the characters used 
in classification. 



Color varieties of Locustidae. 
Science (n. s.), xxvi, No. 670, 
Nov., 1907, pp. 595-597. 
Treats of red varieties of green 



forms. 



Observations on the mosquitoes 



of Saskatchewan. 

Smithsonian ilisc. Colls., h, 
Quar. issue, pt. 4, No. 1787, 
Feb. 20, 1908. pp. 540-547. 
Notes on the species taken by the 
author. 

A new genus and species of 



sabethid mosquito. 

Journ. y. Y. Ent. Soc, xv. No. 
3, Sept., 1907, pp. 120, 121. 

Deinocerites again. 

Journ. y. Y. Ent. Soc, xv, No. 
3, Sept., 1907, pp. 121-123. 

(See also under H. G. Dyar.) 



CRUSTACEANS. 



Andrews, E. A. The young of the 
crayfishes Astacus and Cambariis. 

Smithsonian Contributions to 
Knoiclc(h/c, part of Vol. xxxv. 
No. 1718, Oct. 3, 1907, pp. 
1-79, pis. i-x. 
Describes the young of Astacus 
leniusculus from Oregon and Cam- 
bo rus affinis from Maryland. Deter- 
mines the form and habits of the 
first, second, and third larval stages ; 
gives the first detailed account of 
the appendages of the first and. sec- 
ond stages ; describes the hitherto 
unknown nature of successive me- 
chanical attachments of the off- 
spring to the parent. 

Bradley, J. Chester. Notes on two 
amphipods of the genus Corophium 
from the Pacific coast. 

Univ. Cal. Pub. Zool., i\. No. 4. 

May 15, 1908, pp. 227-2.-)2. 

pis. 9-13. 
Describes and figures in detail 
Corophium spinicorne and C. sal- 
mohis Stimpson, both of which were 
before incompletely defined, and 
shows their relationships by a key 
to all the species of the genus. 
About 600 specimens of C. salnionis 



Bradley, J. Chester— Continued. 

were examined from the stomachs of 
young salmon from Karluk, .Alaska, 
collected by the U. S. Bureau of 
Fisheries. 

Cl'shman, Joseph A. Fresh-water 

Crustacea from Labrador and Xew- 

foundlancL 

Proc. U. S. yat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1589, Mar. 4, 1908, pp. 
70.5-713, pis. Lviii-LXii. 
The material upon which the paper 
is based was collected near the east- 
ern coast of Labrador (Dr. Glover 
M. Allen, collector) and at Funk 
Island, Newfoundland (Mr. Owen 
Bryant, collector). It comprises one 
species of Ostracoda, which is new, 
seven species of Cladocera, and one 
of Copepoda. The author points out 
the similarity between this fauna 
and that of northern Europe. 

Ortmann, Arnold E. Schizopod crus- 
taceans in the U. S. National 
Museum : Schizopods from Alaska. 
Proc. U. S. yat. Mus., xxxiv. 
No. 1.591, Apr. 0, 1908, pp. 
1-10, 1 plate. 



8206.5—09- 



-9 



128 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Obtmann, Arnold E. — Continued. 

Treats of the Schizopods collected 
during the Alaska salmou investiga- 
tions by the Bureau of Fisheries in 
1903. Describes three species, two 
of which are new, one. representing a 
new genus. nolincsieUa, to include 
which the definitiou of the sub- 
family Leptomysinae is altered. 

I'EARSE, Arthur S. Descriptions of 
four new species of ampliii)odous 
Crustacea from the Gulf of ^Mexico. 
Proc. U. 8. yat. 2Iiis., xxxiv. 
No. 1594, Apr. 6, 1908, pp. 
27-32, flgs. 1-4. 
Represents a partial study of the 
National ISIusoum collection of 
Amphipods from the Gulf of Mexico. 
The types cf two of the species were 
■dredged by the U. S. Fisheries 
steamer Fish Hawk, another was 
taken at Cameron, La., under the 
auspices of the Gulf Biologic Sta- 
tion, while the fourth is from 
Oyster Bay, Fla., collected by Henry 
Hemphill. 

PiLSBRY, Henry A. The Barnacles 
(Cirripedia) con- 1 tained in the col- 
lections of 1 the U. S. National 
Museum | by 1 Henrj^ x\.. Pilsbry 1 Spe- 
cial Curator of the Department of 
Mollusca, Academy ] of Natural Sci- 
ences of Philadelphia | [Seal] | 
Washington | Government Printing 

Office I 1907. 

Bull. U. S. Xat. Mus., No. 60, 
Nov. 8, 1907, pp. i-x, 1-122, 
pis. i-xi^ figs. 1-36. 
Deals with the pedunculate cirri- 
pedes and the sessile family Ver- 
rucidae. All species represented iu 
the National Museum are mentioned 
or described, and all known species 
of the United States and adjacent 
waters are treated monographically 
and included in the keys to species. 
Of the I'eduncuhita there are in the 
National Museum 73 species (37 
new), 10 subspecies (all new), con- 
tained in 11 genera (1 new), 11 
sections or subgenera (3 new), and 
2 subfamilies of the Lepadidae. Of 
the Verrucidae there are 5 species ( 4 
new) and one new subspecies, all be- 
longing to the genus Verruca. 

Ratiibun, Mary J. Reports on the 
scientitic results of the expedition to 
the tropical Pacific, in charge of 
Alexander Agassiz, by the U. S. Fish 
Connr.ission steamer Albatross, from 
August. 1899, to [March, 1900. Com- 
mander Jeffei son F. Moser, U. S. 
Navy, commanding. IX. 



Kathbun, Mary J. — Continued. 

Reports on the scientific results of 
the expedition to the eastern trop- 
ical Pacific, iu charge of Alexander 
Agassiz, by the U. S. Fish Commis- 
sion steamer Albatross, from Octo- 
ber, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieutenant- 
Commander L. M. Garrett, U. S. 
Navy, commanding. X. 

The Brachyura. 

Memoirs Mus. Comp. Zool., 

XXXV, No. 2, Aug., 1907, pp. 

21-74, pis. 1-9. 

One hundred and thirty-six species 

are recorded, 18 of which are new, 

one representing a new genus. 

South American Crustacea. 

Revista Chilena de Historia 
Natural, Santiago de Chile, 
aiio XI, Nfim. 1, February 28, 
1907, pp. 45-50, pis. II, III, 
text fig. 1. 
A list of seven species of stalk-eyed 
Crustacea, specimens of which were 
sent by Prof. Charles E. Porter to 
the United States National Museum 
for determination. A new crab, 
Pinnixa raldivietisis, and a new 
shrimp, Hippolysmata portcri, are 
described, while a new name, Oala 
thea lenzi, is given to Oalathea 
latirostris Lenz, not Dana. The 
types were destroyed by the earth- 
quake at Valparaiso, but cotypes 
are in the United States National 
Museum. 

( See also under William Stimp- 



son.) 

Richardson, Harriet. Terrestrial 
isopods of the family Eubelidae, col- 
lected in Liberia by Dr. O. F. Cook. 
Smithsonian Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 2, No. 1733, 
Sept. 12, 1907, pp. 219-247, 
flgs. 50-116. 
The specimens were collected un- 
der the auspices of the New York 
State Colonization Society by Dr. 
O. F. Cook and others, chiefly at 
Mount Coffee. One new genus and 
12 new species (referable to four 
genera) are described. The types be- 
long to Doctor Cook ; some cotypes 
are in the U. S. National Museum. 

On some isopods of the family 



Dajidae from the northwest Pacific 

Ocean, with descriptions of a Hew 

genus and two new species. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., xxxiir. 
No. 1586, Feb. 29, 1908, pp. 
689-696, figs. 1-7. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



129 



Richardson, Harriet — Continued. 

In this paper, despite its title, are 
described a new genus and three new 
species of Uajidae. Two of the spe- 
cies come from Bering Island, while 
the type-locality of Tlolophryxus 
calif orniensis is in southeastern 
Alaska, a cotype from Santa Bar- 
bara Channel furnishing the specific 
name. Two of the species are para- 
sitic on Macrura, the other on a 
Schizopod. 

Richardson, Harriet. The parasitic 
isopod Leidya distorta (Leidy) 
found on a new liost. 

Proc. U. S. Xut. Miis., XXXIV, 
No. 1593, Apr. 6, 1908, pp. 
23-26, figs. 1-5. 
Describes specimens of Leidya dis- 
torta from Bermuda parasitic on 
Puchygrapsus trans icrsus (Gibbes). 

■ Description of a new isopod of 

tlie genus Eurycope from Martlias 
Vineyard. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxiY, 

No. 1598, Apr. 17, 1908, pp. 

67-69, figs. 1-3. 

Eurycope truncata, described from 

deep water off Marthas Vineyard and 

off Georges Bank. 

Stebbing, Thomas R. R. A new am- 
phipod crustacean, Orcliestoidea biol- 
leyi, from Costa Rica. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., xxxiv, 

No. 1609, May 15, 1908, pp. 

241-244, pi. XII, figs. 1, 2. 

Based on specimens collected at 

Punta Arenas by Prof. P. Biolley. 

Discusses also the Costa Rican Hya- 

JeJla faxoni Stebbing and its allies, 

and corrects the definition of the 

family Talitridae in " Das Tier- 

reich." 

Stimpson, William. Report on the 

Crustacea (Bruchyura and Ano- 

mura ) collected by the North Pacific 

Exploring Expedition, 1S53-1S5G. 

Smithsonian Misc. CoUs., xlix. 
No. 1717, Sept. 7, 1907, pp. 
1-240, pis. i-xxvi. 
A posthumous publication of a re- 
port prepared by Doctor Stimpson 
for the Navy Department prior to 
1871. Brief preliminary descriptions 
of all the genera and species had 
been published in the Proceedings 
of the Academy of Natural Sciences 
of I*hilade!phi:i. A few species are 
missing from the 358 originally 



Stimpson, William — Continued. 

described. The introductory note 
and the explanatory footnotes are 
supplied by Miss Mary J. Rathbun. 

^'errill, a. E. Decapod Crustacea of 
Bermuda ; I. Brachyura and Ano- 
mura. Their distribution, varia- 
tions, and habits. 

Trans. Conn. Acad. Arts and 

Sciences, xiii, Jan. -Apr. 1908, 

pp. 899-474, pis. ix-xxviii. 

Reprinted as a separate, Apr., 

1908. 

Two species and 4 varieties are 
described as new. 

Wilson, Charles Branch. North 
American Parasitic Cor>epods belong- 
ing to the family Callgidae. Parts 3 
and 4. A revision of the Panda- 
rinae and the Cecroplnae. 

Proc. U. 8. Vflt. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1573, Dec. 31, 1907, pp. 
323-490, pis. xvii-xLiii, figs. 
1-18. 
The sixth paper in the series 
based upon the parasitic copepods 
in the U. S. National Museum. It is 
a careful revision of the two fam- 
ilies named. Twenty species are 
described, of which one is new to 
science. The males of _gight other 
species are definitely located, four 
of them being new to science. The 
difficult genus Nogaus is analyzed 
and its component parts referred 
to their proper genera. A complete 
life history is presented by using 
different stages of development from 
different genera, 

North American parasitic cope- 
pods : new genera and species of 
Caliginae. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1580, Feb. 28, 1908, pp. 
593-627, pis. xLix-LVi. 
Based on work carried on in 1905 
at the laboratory of the Bureau of 
. Fisheries at Beaufort, N. C. Five 
new and two previously known spe- 
cies of Calignae are described, two 
new species forming types of new 
genera. At the end of the paper is 
given an alphabetical list of fishes of 
Beaufort which were hosts of para- 
sitic copepods, with the names of 
the latter, many of which are still 
to be described. 



130 



EEPOET OF NATIONAL, MUSEUM, 1908. 
ECHINODERMS. 



Agassiz, Alexander, aud Clark, 
Hubert Lyman. Preliminary re- 
port on the Echini collected in 190G. 
from May to December, among the 
Aleutian Islands, in Bering Sea, and 
along the coast of Kamchatka, 
Saghalin, Korea, aud Japan, by the 
U. S. Fish Commission steamer 
Albatross, Lieut. -Commander L. M. 
Garrett, V. S. Navy, commanding. 
Bull. Mtis. Comp. Zooh, Li. No. 
5, Oct., 1007, pp. 109-1.39. 
Seventy-one species are enu- 
merated, belonging to 42 genera ; 20 
species are described as new. 

Clark, Austin Hobart. Descriptions 
of new species of recent unstalked 
crinoids from the North Pacific 
Ocean. 

Proc. U. S. Xai. Miis., xxxiii. 

No. 1559, Sept. 17, 1907, pp. 

69-84. 

Based on material collected by 

the United States Fisheries steamer 

Albatross in the Pacific Ocean north 

of Mexico and southern Japan. A 

key is given to the species described 

in the paper. One new species of 

Decamctiocrimis and 20 new species 

of Antedon are descriljed. The latter 

belong to the Ele(jans, Eschriclitii, 

and Tenella groups of the genus 

Antedon. 

Descriptions of new species of 



recent unstalked crinoids from the 
coasts of northeastern Asia. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., xxxii. 

No. l.'iGl, Sept. 17. 1907, pp. 

127-156. 

Here are described -30 new species 

of Aniedon and three new species of 

Comatula, while new names are 

given to a Comatula and an 

Atelecrinus. A key is given to the 

species in the paper ; those of the 

genus Antedon belong to the Acoela, 

Multicolor, Basicurva, Spinifera, 

Palmata, and Elegans groups. 

Five new recent crinoids from 



the North Pacific Ocean. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., l, 

Quar. issue, pt. 3, No. 1777, 

Oct. 29, 1907, pp. 337-342, 

1 fig. 

The new species belong to the 

genera Bathycrinus (1), Zygometra 

(2). and Antedon (3). They were 



Clark, Austin Hobart — Continued. 

collected in southern .Japan and 
Kamchatka by the United States 
Fisheries steamer Albatross in 1900. 

New genera of recent free 

crinoids. 

SmitJisoiiian Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, pt. 3, No. 1778, 
Oct. 29, 1907, pp. 343-364. 
Divides the genus .intedon de 
Freminville, 1811, into 18 genera, 
all of which are new with the ex- 
ception of Antedon it.self. The 
known species are distributed as fol- 
lows : to Zygometra 6, Sanometra 4. 
Tropiometra 4, Hcliometra 19, 
Thysanomctra 1, Antedon 36, 
Psatlnjrometra 3, Zenomelra 1, 
Pontiometra 1, Himerometra 52, 
Cyllometra 7, Perometra 2, Ptilo 
metra 4, Thalassometra 23, Chari- 
tometra 19, Pwcilometra 2, Calo- 
mctra 9, Adelometra 1. 

Notice of some crinoids in the 



collection of the Museum of Com- 

I>arative Zoology. 

Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., Li, No. 
8, Jan., 1908, pp. 233-248, 
pis. I, II. 

Ten species are recorded, eight of 
which are new. Keys to the 
species of Bathycrinus and to the 
genera of the Antedonidae are given ; 
also a note on the 6-rayed speci- 
mens of Tropiometra carinata 
(Lamarck). The four species de- 
scribed from specimens collected by 
the U. S. Fisheries steamer Alba- 
tross are in the collection of the 
U. S. National Museum. 

Infrabasals in recent genera of 



the criuoid family Pentacrinitidae. 
Proc. U. S. Sat. Mus., xxxiii. 
No. 1582, Feb. 29, 1908, pp. 
671-676, figs. 1-8. 
Kemonstrates the presence of 
infrabasals in Isocrinus decorus, 
Metacrinus rotundus and M. super- 
bus. 



The crinoid genus Comatula 

Lamarck ; with a note on the En- 
crinus parrae of Guerin. 

Proc. V. 8. yat. Mus., xxxiii, 
No. 1585, Feb. 29, 1908. pp. 
683-688. 
Divides the original genus Coma- 
tula into two parts — Comatula 
Lamarck 1816 restricted (type C. 
Solaris Lamarck 1816) with seven 



KEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



131 



Clark, Austin Hobart — Coutiuued. 

species, and Comasicr L. Agassiz 
1836 (type C. muUinidiain Lin- 
naeus 1758) witii 44 species. Tlie 
author sbows tiiat Encrinus parrae 
of Guerin 1835 is tlie same as 
Pentacriiiits miiUeri Orsted, whicla 
should therefore be known as Iso- 
crinus parrae (Guerini. 

The stalked crinoids of tlie Si- 

boga Expedition. 

American Naturalist, XLii, Xo. 
495, Mar., 1908, pp. L'03-206. 
A review of a monograph by Dr. 
L. Doderlein on the recent stalljed 
crinoids of the East Indies, based 
on the collections made by the " Si- 
boga " Expedition, and containing 
the announcement of the discovery 
of the infrabasals in a species of 
Metacrinus. 

• New genera of nnstalked cri- 



8oc. Washington, 
11. 1908, pp. 12.5- 



noids. 

Proc. Biol 

XXI, Apr 

136. 

Thirteen new genera of Comatu- 

lida are described, while the new 

name Pentametrocrinidae is given to 

the family containing Pentametro- 

criniis and Decametrocrinus. The 

paper concludes with a systematic 

list of the families and genera of 

Comatulida. 

New stalked crinoids from the 



eastern coast of North America. 

Proe. U. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiv. 
No. 1607, May 4, 1908, pp. 
205-208, figs. 1-3. 
Two new species are described — 
Bathycrinits serratus and Rhizocri- 
mis rerriJli — the types of which 
were collected by the U. S. Fish 
Commission and were recently re- 
turned to the U. S. National Museum 
by Prof. A. E. Verrill. 

Descriptions of new species of 

crinoids, chiefly from the collections 
made by the U. S. Fisheries steamer 
Albatross at the Hawaiian Islands 
in 1902 ; with remarks on the classi- 
fication of the Comatulida. 

Proc. U. 8. Xat. Mus., xxxiv. 
No. 1608, May 14, 1908, pp. 
209-239. 
Gives a liey to the 11 recent fam- 
ilies of Comatulida, and their geo- 
graphical and bathymetrical range ; 
also a table of distribution for the 
29 genera, and a key to the 12 Ha- 



Clark, Austin Hobabt — Continued. 

waiian species of which 11 are de- 
scribed as new. Thirteen other new 
species are descrilied from various 
parts of the Atlantic and Pacific 
oceans. 

Two new crinoid genera. 

Proc. Biol. Soc. WasJiinr/ton, 
XXI, June 9, 1908, pp. 149- 
152. 
Subdivides the genus Isocrinus on 
characters of arm structure, erect- 
ing two new genera. Endoj-ocrinus, 
type E. parrae (Gu&rin). and Hypa- 
locriniis, type II. naresianus, P. H. 
Carpenter. 

Some cases of abnormal arm 

structure in recent crinoids. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus.. xxxiv. 

No. 1612, June 16, 1908, pp. 

265-270, figs. 1-5. 

Records instances of abnormal 

arm structure in Rhi.::ocrinus lofo- 

tensis, Picilometra acvla, Himero- 

inetra stylijcr, Cliaritometra imhri- 

cata, Heliometra tanneri and H. 

majrima. 

The crinoid genus Eudiocrinus, 

with description of a new species. 

Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., xxxiv. 
No. 1613, June 20, 1908, pp, 
271-279, figs. 1-11. 
Discusses the structure of the va- 
rious species previously included in 
Eudiocrinus and demonstrates their 
position in two families, Zygomet- 
ridae and Pentametrocrinidae. The 
genera Eudiocrinus and Pentametro- 
crinus are defined, and a new species 
of Eudiocrinus is described. 

Clark, Hubert Lyman. The Cidaridae. 
Bull. Mus. Comp. Zooh, Li, No. 
7, Dec, 1907, pp. 165-230, 
pis. 1-11. 
Gives a history of the classifica- 
tion of the Cidaridae. Recognizes 21 
genera and 60 recent species ; two 
genera and three species are de- 
scribed as new. 

The Apodous Holothurians. A 



monograph of the Synaptidae and 
Molpadiidae, including a report on 
the representatives of these families 
in the collections of the U. S. Na- 
tional Museum. 

Smithsonian Contributions to 
Knowledge, part of vol. xxxv. 
No. 1723, Jan. 21, 1908, pp. 
1-231, pis. i-xiii. 



132 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Clark, Hubert Lyman — Continued. 

Discusses the history of the classi- 
fication of the two families involved, 
gives an annotated catalogue of the 
specimens in the U. S. National 
Museum, and describes the structure, 
physiology, development, habits, and 
classification of the two families and 
of each species of the same, so far 
as knownr. 

Eight new species and two new 
genera are described. 

(See also under Alexander 

Agassiz.) 
Edwards, Charles Lincoln. The Ho- 

lothurians of tbe North Pacific coast 

of North America collected by the 

Albatross in 1903. 

Proc. U. S. 

No. 1558, 

49-68, figs. 1-12. 

Based on Holothurians collected 

by the United States Fisheries 

steamer Albatross during the Alaska 

salmon investigations in 190.3. 

Eleven species are discussed, of 

which one is a new form. 



Xnt. Miis.. XXXIII, 
Sept. 14, 1907, pp. 



Fisher, Walter K. Necessary changes 
in the nomenclature of starfishes. 

Smitlisoniiiii Misc. Colls., lii, 
Quar. issue, Ft. 1, No. 1799, 
May 27, 1908, pp. 87-93. 
Gives a list of names of genera 
of starfishes in current use, most of 
which should be changed. Dis- 
cusses 12 of them in detail. Pro- 
poses four new names : Lysasterias 
for Ana.ttcrias pcrrieri Studer ; 
Laetitiaster for Ctcnasier speciahilis 
Perrier ; Diplodontias for Goniodon 
Perrier ; and Parnstcrina for Pa- 
tiria crassa Gray. 

Sperry, W. L. Notes on Metacrinus. 

Fourth Report Mich. Acad. ScL, 
IW.'i, pp. 195-199, 2 charts in 
text. 

Based on a study of specimens 
dredged by the United States Fish- 
eries steamer Albatross in Suruga 
Gulf, Honshu Island, .Japan, 1900, 
and assigned to Dr. H. L. Clark, for 
study. Discusses the interrelations 
and variations in M. rotundus and 
M. iiitemiptus. 



WORMS, COELENTERATES, ETC. 



B.\GG, RuFus Mather, .ir. Foramini- 
fera collected near the Hawaiian 
Islands by the U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries steamer Albatross in 1902. 

Proc. U. .S'. Xat. Mus., xxxiv^ No. 

1603. Apr. 28, 1908, pp. 

113-172, pi. V. 

The greater part of the bottom 

samples taken by the U. S. Bureau 

of Fisheries steamer Albatross near 

the Hawaiian Islands in 1902 was 

destroyed by fire ; the remainder 

forms the basis of this report. 

There are enumerated 206 species, 

subspecies, and varieties belonging 

to 54 genera ; of these 5 species and 

2 subspecies are described as new. 

Bush, Katherine Jeannette. Tubicol- 

ous annelids of the tribes Sabellides 

and Serpulides from the Pacific 

Ocean. 

Harriman Alaska Expedition, 
XII, 1905, pp. 167-346, pis. 

XXI-XLIV. 

The introduction gives a brief 
account of Pacific annelids with a 
list of species previously recorded, 
also lists of families, known genera, 
new genera, and species new to the 
region, which are represented in the 
Harriman collection. The syste- 
matic discussion deals with the 



Bush, Katherine Jeannette — Cont'd, 
tribes Sabellides and Serpulides. 
Analytical tables for the genera are 
given, and 15 new genera and 43 
new species are described from the 
Pacific. The genus Spirorbis is ex- 
tensively dealt with, an annotated 
list of known species is given, and 
notes on many known species with 
descriptions of four new Atlantic 
forms. 

Based partly on material collected 
by the U. S. Fish Commission in the 
Atlantic. 

(See also under J. Percy 



Moore.) 
Clark, Hubert Ly'Man. A new host 
for Myzostomes. 

Zool. Am., XXV, No. 682, Sept. 
29, 1902, pp. 670, 671. 
Notes the occurrence of Myzos- 
tomes on specimens of an ophiuran, 
Astroccras perf/amciia Lyman, col- 
lected by the U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries steamer Albatross off the coast 
of Japan in 1900, although these 
parasites have hitherto been found 
only on Crinoids. 

I Clarke, Samuel F. Reports on the 
scientific results of the expedition to 
the eastern tropical Pacific, in charge 
of Alexander Agassiz, by tbe U. S. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



133 



Clarke. .Samuel F. — Continued. 

Fish Commission steamer Albatross, 
from October. 1904. to March, 1905, 
I.ieut. Commander L. M. Garrett, 
U. S. Navy, commanding. 
VIII. The Ilydroids. 

Memoirs Miis. Comp. ZooL, xsxv. 
No. 1, Feb., 1907, pp. 1-18, 
pis. 1-15. 
Only 12 species are noted, indi- 
cating a scarcity of hydroid life in 
the region covered. Six species are 
new, one from the unusual depth of 
2.845 fathoms. Two species were 
previously known from the Atlantic 
side of the Isthmus. 

GoLDBERGER, JosEPH. (See Under C. 
W. Stiles.) 

Hassall. a. (See under C.W. Stiles.) 

MooRE, J. Percy, and Busch (Bush), 
Katherixe J. Sabellidae and Ser- 
pulidae from Japan, with descrip- 
tions of new species of Spirorbis. 

Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., 
.Tan., 1904 (issued March 18, 
1904), pp. 157-170, pis. 

XI, XII. 

Based on specimens collected by 
the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries steamer 
Albatross in .Japan-. 1900. Fifteen 
species are noted, of which l.S are 
described as new. Miss Bush con- 
tributed descriptions of the Spiror- 
bis. which are four in number. 

EAN.S0M, B. H. Notes on parasitic 
nematodes, including descriptions of 
new genera and species, and ob- 
servations on life histories. 

Circ. 116, Bureau Animal Indus- 
try, U. 8. Dept. Agric, Oct. 4, 
1907. 

— — — Occurrence of the cysticercus of 



Taenia solium in sheep. 

Science (n. s. ) . xxvii. No. 703, 
.June 19, 1908, pp. 9.50, 951. 
Only a few cases of the occurrence 
of the intermediate stage of the 
armed tapeworm of man in sheep 
have been reported, and the case 
cited in this article is the first 
American case to be placed on 
record. The specimens are in the 
helminthological collections of the 
Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Schulze, Franz Eilhard. Reports on 
the scientific results of the expedi- 
tion to the eastern tropical Pacific, 
in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by 
the U. S. Fish Commission steamer 



Schulze, Franz Eilhard — Continued. 
Albatross, from Octol)er, 1904, to 
March. 1905, Lieut. Commander Tj. 
M. Garrett, U. S. Navy, commanding. 
XI. Die Xenophyophoren. 

Bull. Mus. Comp. ZooL, Li. No. 
6, Nov., 1907, pp. 14.3-162, 
one plate. 
Reviews the discussion of the 
proper classification of Xeusina 
ac/assizi described by Goes 1892 as a 
foraminifer and by Haeckel in 1889 
as a horny sponge under the name 
of Stannophyllum zonarium. Con- 
siders it as belonging to a peculiar 
group of Rhizopods, which the author 
has called " Xenophyopbora "' ana 
Mhich contains two families, eight 
genera, and 22 species. 

The Albatross 1904-5 collection 
yielded five species, which are de- 
scribed ; tables and a chart showing 
distribution of the group are also 
given. 

Stiles, C. W. The occurrence of a 
proliferating cestode larva (Spar- 
ganuui proliferum) in man in 
Florida. 

Bull. ],n, Hiioienic Laboratory, 
U. S. P. H. and M. H. 8., 
May. 1908, pp. 7-18, figs. 
1-18. 

A re-examination of the type 

specimen of Filaria restiformis 
Leidy, 1880 = Agamomermis resti- 
formis. 

Bull. !fi, Hygienic Lahoratory, 
U. 8. P. H. and M. H. 8., 
May. 1908, pp. 19-22, figs. 
19-26. 

The common tick ( Dermacentor 



andersoui) of the Bitter Root Valley. 
Puhlic Health Report, U. 8. P. 
H. and M. H. 8., xxiii. No. 
27. July 3, 1908, p. 949. 

and Goldberger, Joseph. Ob- 



servations on two new parasitic 
trematode worms : Homalogaster 
Philippines! s n. sp., Agamodistomum 

nanus n. sp. 

Bull. JiO, Hygienic Laboratory, 
U. 8. P. H. and H. M. 8., May 
25, 1908, pp. 23-33, figs. 
27-66. 

A re-examination of the 



original specimen of Taenia saginata 

abietina (Weinland, 1858). 

Bull. .'lO, Hygienic Laboratory, 
U. 8. P. H. and M. H. 8., 
May 25, 1908, pp. 35-38. 



134 



EEPORT OF XATIOXAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Stiles, C. W., and IIassall. A. In- 
dex-catalogue of medical and veteri- 
nary zoologj'. Subjects : Trematoda 
and trematode diseases. 

Bull. 37, Hyyienic Laboratory, 
V. S. P. H. and M. H. S., 
June 1908, pp. 1-39S. 

Vaughan, T. Wayland. Recent Mad- 
reporaria of the , Hawaiian Islands 
and Laysau , by \ T. Way laud Vaug- 
han \ Custodian of the Madrepo- 
rariau Corals, U. S. National Mu- 
seum I Geologist, U. S. Geological 
Survey | [seal] \ Washington Gov- 
ernment Printing Office ! 1907. 



Vaughan, T. Wayland — Continued. 

BuU. U. 8. ^at. Mus., No. 59, 

July 12, 1907, pp. i-ix, 1-427, 

pis. i-xcvi. 
The writer presents some general 
considerations on the species prob- 
lem of corals, and the need of ex- 
perimental investigation and more 
elaborate studies of variation. Lists 
are given of the families and genera 
of Madreporaria, of the Hawaiian, 
species, their geographic and bathy- 
metric distribution, and distribution 
according to temperature. In the 
systematic discussion of the fauna 
are described 79 new species, varie- 
ties, forms, and subforms. 



BOTANY. 



Atwood. Alice Cary. (For notice of 
catalogue of botanical library of 
John Donnell Smith, see under Bib- 
liography.) 

Bkitton, N. L. and Rose, J. N. A 

preliminary treatment of the Opun- 

tioideae of North America. 

Smithsonia)! Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 4, No. 1786, 
Feb. 20, 1908, pp. 503-539. 

— Pereskiopsis, a new genus of 

Cactaceae. 

Smithsonian 2Iisc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 3, No. 1775, 
Oct. 28, 1907. pp. 331-333, 

pis. XLIII-SLIV. 

Clark, C. B. The Cyperaceae of Costa 
Rica. 

Contr. V. S. Xat. Herb., x, Pt. 
6, January 24, 1908, pp. 
i-vii, 443-471. 

Hitchcock, A. S. Types of American 

grasses. 

Contr. U. S. Sat. Herb., xii, Pt. 

3, June 18. 1908, pp. i-v, 

113-158, i-v. 

A study of the American species 

of grasses described by Linnaeus, 

Gronovius, Sloane, Swartz, and 

Michaux. 

Johnston. J, R. A collection of plants 
from the vicinity of La Guaira, Ven- 
ezuela. 

Contr. U. S. Xnt. Herb., xii, 
Pt. 2, May 20, 1908, pp. i-vii, 
109-111. 

INIann, Albert. (Assisted in the bibli- 
ography and citations by P. L. Rick- 
er.) Report on the Diatoms of the 



Mann, Albert — Continued. 
Albatross voyages in the Pacific 
Ocean. 188S-10O4. 

Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb., x, Pt. 
5, July 11, 1007. pp. i-viii, 
221-442, pis. XLiv-Liv. 

Maxon, William R. Studies of trop- 
ical American ferns. No. 1. 

Contr. U. 8. Nat. Herb, x. Pt. 
7, Mar. 30, 1908, pp. i-viii, 
473-508, pis. LV-Lvi. 

and Underwood, Lucien M. 



Two new ferns of the genus Lind- 
saea. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 3, No. 1776, 
Oct. 28, 1907, pp. 335, 336. 

Pittier de Fabrega. H. The Lecythi- 
daceae of Costa Rica. 

Contr. r. 8. Nat. Herb., xii. 
Pt. 2, May 20, 1908, pp. i-vii 
95-101, pis. I-VII, figs. 1-4. 

Tonduzia. a new genus of Aix)- 



cynaceae from Central America. 

Contr. U. 8. Nat. Herb., xir, 
Pt. 2, May 20, 1908, pp. i-vii 
103, 104, pi. IX. figs. 5, 6. 



RiCKER, P. L 

Mann. ) 



(See under Albert 



Rose, J. N. Nopalea guatemalensis, a 
new cactus from Guatemala. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., L, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 3, No. 1774, 
Oct. 28, 1907, p. 330, pis. 

XLI-XLII. 



(See also under N. L. Brit- 



tou. ) 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



135 



Smith, John D., Catalogue of botan- 
ical library of. (See under Bibliog- 
raphy. ) 



Underwood, Lucien M. 
William R. Maxon.) 



( See under 



Wight. E. F. A new larcli from 

Alaslia. 

SmWisoniiiu Misc. CoUs., l, 
Quar. issue. Pt. 2, No. 1728, 
July 10, 1907, p. 174, pi. 

XVII. 



GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY. 



Bassler, Kay S. Cement and cement 
materials. 

Mineral Resources of Virginia. 
1907. pp. 86-167. pis. xi-xx. 
This paper deals with the general 
geology, geography, and stratigraphy 
of western Virginia, the economic 
value of the various cement horizons 
and distribution of cement materials. 
Details of localities, analyses, maps, 
and a number of illustrations accom- 
pany the report. 

Howell, Edwin E. (with Wirt Tas- 
sin). The Williamstown meteorite. 
Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser.. xxv. 
No. 145, Jan., 1908. pp. 49. 50, 
1 fig. 
Mr. Howell gives the circumstances 
of the finding of the iron, its weight 
and general appearance, stating that 
it is a thin, flat, rectangular mass 
weighing about 31 kg., and was 
found in 1892, near Williamstown. 
Grant County, Ky. Mr. Tassin de- 
scribes the iron metallographically 
as a typical octahedrite of medium 
coarseness. Bands of kamacite, 
taenite, and plessite are visible on 
the etched surfaces, with occasional 
nodules of troilite, some of which 
contain carbonaceous matter and 
are surrounded by a skin of schrei- 
bersite. His analysis is as follows : 
Fe, 91.54 ; Xi, 7.26 ; Co, 0.52 ; Cu. 
0.03: Cr, 0.05; P, 0.12; S, 0.17; C, 
0.004 ; Si, trace ; total, 99.694. 

The Ainsworth meteorite. 

Am. .Jour. Sci., 4th ser., xxv. 
No. 146, Feb., 1908, pp. 
105-107, figs. 1, 2. 
Mr. Howell gives the weight of 
the mass as 10.65 kg., with a den- 
sity of 7.85, and states that it was 
found in 1907 about 6 miles north- 
west of Ainsworth, Brown County, 
Nebr. Mr. Tassin describes the 
meteorite as being triangular in out- 
line and having a well-marked octa- 
hedral fracture on one edge ; in fact, 
the three edges of the section stud 
led approximate three directions of 
an octahedron, with the cut surface 
forming a fourth. In structure the 
iron is unique, the etched surface 



Howell, Edwin E. — Contmued. 

showing octahedral lamellae of the 
largest size, in which appear very 
minute areas which also possess a 
well-deflned lamallar structure and 
show the three characteristic alloys. 
Troilite occurs in irregularly shaped 
segregations, which contain more or 
less carbon, with grains of nickel, 
iron, and phosphide of iron, and as a 
whole surrounded by a thin skin of 
schreibersite. Rhabdite is abun- 
dantly present. The analysis gives : 
Fe. 92.22 : Ni. 6.49 ; Co." 0.42 ; Cu, 
0.01 ; P, 0.28 : S, 0.07 : Cr, 0.01 ; SI, 
0.049; C. 0.09; Sp. gr., 7.85. 

Merrill, George P. The meteor crater 

of Canyon Diablo, Ariz. : its history, 

origin, and associated meteoric irons. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., L, 

Quar. issue, Pt. 4, No. 1783. 

.Tan. 27, 1908, pp. 461-498. 

pis. LXi-Lxxv, figs. 124-120. 

The character of the work is fully 

indicated by the title. The paper is 

the result of studies made on the 

crater under the auspices of the 

Smithsonian Institution in May, 1907. 

■ and Tassin. Wirt. Contribu- 



tions to the study of the Canyon 

Diablo meteorites. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue, Pt. 2, No. 1731, 
Sept, 12, 1907, pp, 203-215, 
pis, xviii-xxi, figs. 48. 49, 
Doctor Merrill first discusses at 
length the " shale balls " and iron 
shale distributed about the crater 
of Coon Butte, Ariz., from the view 
point of their bearing on its origin. 
The shale balls and iron shale are 
held to have been derived from the 
same mass. This iron shows cer- 
tain differences from the typical 
iron of the Canyon Diablo meteor- 
ites. This difference is explained 
by the suggestion that the original 
meteoric mass was very heterogene- 
ous in character, with segregation 
masses rich in chlorides, phosphides, 
etc., which might easily have sepa- 
rated along their lines of contact 
from the more homogeneous portions 
and have from their verv nature 



136 



REPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



Merrill. George P. — (."(nitimu'd. 

iiudersone more extensive chemical 
decompositions. 

Mr. Tassin jjives analyses of the 
shale-ball irons, the oxidized por- 
tions of such a ball, and compares 
them with earlier analyses of the 
typical Canyon Diablo iron and of 
oxidized shale balls. Finding little 
or no ferrous oxide, he regards 
the shale as composed essentially 
of limonite with some turgite, 
and that its magnetic property 
is, in part at least, due to 
unaltered schreibersite visible in 
many sections. Analyses are also 
given of the mineral components of 
the iron-taenite, colienite. schreiber- 
site in two varieties, a black non- 
magnetic residue, and olivine. 



Tassix. Wirt. [Analysis of a new 
variety of sericite.] The Granites 
of Maine (by T. Nelson Dale). 

Bull. U. 8. Geol. Sun:, No. .'51.'?, 
1007, pp. 46, 47. 
From a quartz vein at Boldwell 
Company's quarry. Cooks Mountain, 
Redbeach, Calais, Me. In fine 
scales when compacted resembles 
serpentine. Luster pearly. Color 
greenish - yellow. Hardness, 2. .5. 
Density, 2.79. Composition : SiOo, 
53.28; AloOg. 2.3.06; Fe^Co, O.io'; 
FeO, 4.30; MgO, 4.09; NaaO, 0.65; 
K2O, 8.90; H2O, 6.00. 

(See also nnder Edwin E. 



Howell and George P. Merrill.) 



PALEONTOLOGY. 



Anderson. Kobert. (See under Kalpli 

Arnold.) 
Arnold, Ralph. Geology and oil re- 
sources of the Summerland district, 
Santa Barbara County, Cal. 

Bull. V. 8. Geol. 8urr., No. 321. 

1907, pp. 1-93^ pis. i-xvii. 

figs. 1-3. 

The characteristic fossils of the 

district are here illustrated to aid 

in the identification of the oil 

horizons. A plate by Dr. R. S. 

Bassler, illustrating the bryozoa of 

the Fernando formation is included. 

The specimens illustrated are the 

property of the National Museum. 

New and characteristic species 

of fossil mollusks from the oil- 
bearing Tertiary formations of Santa 
Barbara County, Cal. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., l, 
Quar. issue. Pt. 4, No. 17S1. 
Dec. 13. 1907, pp. 419-447, 

pis. L-LVIII. 

Describes and figures the charac- 
teristic fossil mollusks from these 
formations. The species are ali 
new. and the types with one excep- 
tion are the property of the Na- 
tional Museum. 

— and Anderson, Robert. Geol- 
ogy and oil resources of the Santa 
Maria oil district, Santa Barbara 
County. Cal. 

null U. 8. Geol. Suit-.. No. 322, 
1907, pp. 1-161, pis. i-xxvi. 
Illustrates the characteristic fos- 
sils to aid in the determination of 
the horizon. The specimens illus- 
trated are the property of the Na- 
tional Museum. 



Arnold, Ralph. (See also under 

George Homans Eldridge.) 
Bassler, Ray S. (See under E. O. 

T'lrich.) 

Eldridge, George Homans, and Arnold, 
Ralph. The Santa Clara Valley, 
Puente Hills, and Los Angeles oil 
districts, Southern California. 

Bull. V. 8. Geol. Surv., No. 309, 
1907, pp. 1-266, pis. i-xLi, 
figs. 1-17. 
Figures many Museum specimens 
from these districts to aid in the 
identification of the various forma- 
tions. 

Gidley, James Williams. Revision 
of the Miocene and Pliocene 
Equidae of North America. 

Bull. Amer. Miis. Nat. Hist., 

XXIII, art. 35, Nov. 26, 1907, 

pp. 865-934. 

A revision of the genera and 

species, and a rearrangement and 

reidentiflcation of the subfamilies, 

or groups, of the Equidae have here 

been made, and several new species 

are described. 

Gilmore, Charles W. . Smithsonian 
explorations in Alaska in 1907 in 
search of Pleistocene fossil verte- 
brates. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., Li, No. 
1S07, May 27, 1908. pp. 3-38, 
pis. i-xiii, flgs. 1-4. 
Describes the results of the second 
expedition sent to Alaska in search 
of fossil vertebrates under the 
auspices of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution, followed by a brief review 
of the Pleistocene fauna of that 
region. 



KEPOKT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 



137 



Hatcher, John Bell. The Ceratop- 
sia. Based on preliminary stndies 
by Otbniel C. Marsh, edited and com- 
pleted by Richard S. Lull. 

Monocii: U. 8. Geol. S'urv., XLix^ 

1907, pp. i-xxx, 1-.300, pis. 

i-Li, figs. 1-12.5. 

Tbe following types and plesio- 

types from the collections of the 

National Museum are illustrated ia 

this work : Ceratops paucidcns 

(Marsh), C. montaniis Marsh, Dice- 

ralops hatchcri Lull, T flee rai ops al- 

lieoniis (Marsh), T. caleornis Marsh. 

T. elatus Marsh, T. galeiis Marsh, T. 

obtustis Marsh, T. prorsus Marsh, T. 

serratus Marsh, T. siilcatiis Marsh. 

Henderson, Junius. Xew species of 
Cretaceous invertebrates from north- 
ern Colorado. 

Proc. U. S. Xat. Miis., xxxiv. 

No. 1611, -Tune 16. 1908. pp. 

259-264, pi. XIII. 

Describes and figures five new 

species of Cretaceous invertebrates. 

These types are the property of the 

National Museum. 

Mitchell, Evelyn Groesbeek. An ap- 
parently new protoblattid family 
from the Lower Cretaceous. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., lii, 

Quar. issue, Pt. 1, No. 1798, 

May 27, 1908, pp. 8.5, 86, 

fig. 25. 

Describes and figures a new genus 

and species of Cretaceous insect. 

The specimen is in the collections 

of the National Museum. 

Parks. William Arthur. Niagara 
Stromatoporoids. 

University of Toronto Studies, 
Geological Series, No. 5, 1908, 
pp. 175-240, pis. vii-xv. 
Monographs the Stroma toporoids 



Parks, William Arthur — Continued, 
of the Niagaran group. The major- 
ity of the types are the property of 
the National Museum. 

Ruedemann, Rudolph. Graptolites of 
New York, Pt. 2. 

yeio York State Museum, Mem. 

XI, 1908, pp. 1-583, pis. 1-.31, 

figs. 1-482. 

Many of the types covered by this 

monograph are the property of the 

National Museum. 

UiRiCH, E. O., and Bassler, R. S. Re- 
port on the Cretaceous Bryozoa of 

New Jersey. 

Geol. Surr. Xew Jersey, Pal., 
ir, 1907, pp. 31.3-.356, pis. 

XX-XXVI. 

Describes and illustrates the bryo- 
zoan fauna of the Cretaceous (Vin- 
centown) marl, consisting of 5.5 spe- 
cies, 14 of which are new. The 
types are the property of the Na- 
tional Museum. 

Walcott, Charles D. Nomenclature 
of some Cambrian Cordillerau forma- 
tions. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., liii. 

No. 1804, Apr. 18, 1908, 

pp. 1-12. 

Proposes names for the Cambrian 

formations of the House Range, 

Utah : Blacksmith Fork, Utah : and 

Mount Bosworth, British Columbia, 

sections. 

Cambrian trilobites. 

ASmithsoninn Misc. Colls., liii, 

No. 1805, Apr. 2.5, 1908, 

pp. 13-52, pis. i-vi. 

Describes and illustrates a few of 

the more striking new trilobites 

occurring in the House Range. Utah ; 

Mount Stephen, British Columbia ; 

and Liberty Canyon, Idaho, sections. 

The types are the property of the 

National Museum. 



BIOGRAPHY. 



Dall, William Healev. Henry Ven- 
dreys. 

yautihis, XXI. No. !>, .Tan., 1908, 
p. 107. 

An obituary notice of an old cor- 
respondent of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution. 

Merrill, George P. Carl Ludwig Ro- 
minger. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., lii, 
Qunr. issue. Ft. 1, No. 1796, 



Merrill, George P. — Continued. 

May 1. 1908, pp. 79-82. fig. 
23. 
Contains a brief account of the 
life and work of the late State 
paleontologist of Michigan. 

Edward Travers Cox. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls., Lii, 

Quar. issue, Pt. 1, No. 1797, 

May 1, 1908, pp. 83, 84, fig. 

24. 

Contains a brief account of his 

life and work. Mr. Cox was at one 

time State geologist of Indiana. 



138 



EEPORT OF NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1908. 
BIBLIOGRAPHY. 



Atwood, Alice Cary. Catalogue of the 
botanical library of John Donnell 
Smith presented in 1905 to the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Contr. V. 8. Nat. Herb., xii, 
Pt. 1, Apr. 23, 1908. pp. i-iii, 
1-94. 

Brockett. Paul. Bibliography of pub- 
lished works of S. P. Laugley, Secre- 



Brockett. P.\trL — Continued. 

tary of the Smithsonian Institution 

1SS7-190G. 

Smithsonian Misc. Colls. No. 

1720, Aug. 1, 1907, pp. .35-49. 

Printed in the account of the 

memorial meeting held on December 

3, 1906. 



o 



New York Botanical Garden Librar 





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