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SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 

UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM 



PROGRESS AND CONDITION OF THE 
UNITED STATES NATIO^ 
FOR THE YEAR ENDED 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1945 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. 

Price 35 cents 



United States National Museum, 
Undek Direction of the Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, D. C.^ October H, 1944- 

Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith a report upon the present 
condition of the United States National Museum and upon the work 
accompHshed in its various departments during the fiscal year ended 
June 30, 1944. 

Very respectfully, 

Alexander Wetmore, 
Director, U.S. National Museum. 

The Secretary, 

Smithsonian Institution, 



CONTENTS 



Operations for the year 1 

Appropriations 1 

Collections 2 

Explorations and field work 3 

The Museum in wartime 5 

Visitors 8 

Library 9 

Publications and printing 11 

Photographic laboratory 12 

Buildings and equipment 12 

Meetings and special exhibits 13 

Changes in organization and staff 14 

Detailed reports on the collections 16 

Department of anthropology 16 

Department of biology 26 

Department of geology 45 

Department of engineering and industries 56 

Division of history 67 

List of accessions 71 

List of Museum publications „ 99 

III 



REPORT ON THE PROGRESS AND CONDITION OF 
THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM FOR 
THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1944 



By Alexander Wetmore 

Assistard Secretary of the Smiihsonian Institution, Director of the 
United States National Museum 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 
APPROPRIATIONS 

Funds for the operation of the llDited States National Museum for 
the year ended June 30, 1944, were included in the appropriation 
''Salaries and Expenses, Smithsonian Institution/' which, as an 
item in the Executive and Independent Offices Act for the fiscal 
year 1944, was approved on June 26, 1943. All the Federal activities 
administered by the Smithsonian Institution, excluding the National 
Gallery of Art, w^ere covered in one appropriation. That portion of 
the overtime pay due members of our staff under the War Overtime 
Pay Act of 1943, not covered by savings in the regular appropriation, 
was provided for in the first Deficiency Act, 1944 (Publ. Law 279, 
approved April 1, 1944). Moneys required for the Museum were 
allotted from the regular appropriation and the Deficiency Act, and 
are summarized as follows: 

Preservation of collections: 

Regular appropriation $422, 765 

First Deficiency Act 9, 860 

Maintenance and operation: 

Regular appropriation 422, 439 

First Deficiency Act 31, 935 

Printing and binding 43, 000 

Total available for the year 929, 999 

In combining the appropriations of the Smithsonian Institution, 
the former appropriation ' 'Preservation of Collections, Smithsonian 
Institution" became an allotment, and the name of the project was 
changed to ''National Museum." 

By internal reorganization the project ''Maintenance and Opera- 
tion" was enlarged by adding to it the guard, labor, and char forces 
formerly included under "Preservation of Collections," as well as 
the guard force from the project "National Collection of Fine Arts" 
and laborers from the project "General Administration." This 
change brought into one project the guard force of the Smithsonian 

1 



2 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Institution and the mechanics, laborers, and char force responsible 
for the maintenance and operation of all the buildings of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, excluding the National Gallery of Art. The 
considerable increase in funds allotted for ''Maintenance and Opera- 
tion" and the decrease in the allotment for the ''National Museum" 
(Preservation of Collections) as compared with the previous year are 
explained by this reorganization. 

Payment for overtime service of the personnel of the Museum was 
made throughout the year. 

The allotment for printing and binding was the same as for the 
preceding year. With the restrictions the Museum has placed on 
its publications during the war period, the sum is adequate except 
that binding of the valuable reference library is in arrears. The 
sum now available will be entirely inadequate when the usual program 
of publication is resumed. Science suffers when publication is 
restricted. The facts discovered from research on the national 
collections attain their full utility only when they become generally 
available to other workers. 

The staff was at a low ebb owing to the fact that 1944 was the 
first full year under the reduced personnel ceiling placed on the Insti- 
tution. The National Museum lost 55 positions by the imposition 
of this ceiling, and the man-years of service by permanent personnel 
dropped from 373 in 1943 to 321 in 1944. Loss from this sharp 
decrease was felt in all activities of the Museum, from classification, 
care, arrangement, and study of the collections to maintenance, 
operation, and repair of the buildings. The ceiling on personnel 
cannot be blamed alone for this situation, for the acute manpower 
shortage made it most difficult to recruit personnel in all categories 
wherever there were vacancies in positions. The condition imposes 
a most pressing postwar problem on the Institution. While an 
acute shortage in personnel can be offset for short periods by increased 
effort on the part of the reduced staff, this cannot be expected to 
continue. The collections now housed in the National Museum 
are of such great value to the science, the culture, and the history 
of our country that their preservation must be adequate under all 
conditions. The arrearage in the work of the Museum, already 
considerable, has been increased unduly. Safety demands that it 
be reduced. To accomplish this, more personnel and more space 
must be provided. 

The need for space has been stressed in previous reports. The 
situation becomes more acute yearly. Unless provision is made for 
the continuing growth of the collections, the Museum cannot dis- 
charge its responsibility to the Nation. 

COLLECTIONS 

In summing up the work of this fiscal year it has been interesting 
again to note the steady inflow of valuable specimens as additions to 
our great collections in spite of war conditions. These have come 
mainly as gifts from interested persons, since our usual program of 
field work has been laid aside except where it has related to some 
activity concerned with the war. Small sets of natural-history 
specimens began to arrive in increasing number from members of 
the armed forces stationed throughout the world, bringing many 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 3 

useful and interesting things. The total number of specimens 
received is somewhat larger than that of last year. 

New material arrived in 1,159 separate accessions, with a total of 
239,640 specimens, distributed among the five departments as follows: 
Anthropology, 852; biology, 229,546; geology, 3,466; engineering and 
industries, 1,388; history, 4,388. The increase has come in the fields 
of biology and history, the others showing slight decreases. 

For examination and report 724 lots of specimens were received, 
covering all the fields embraced in our laboratories, an increase of 43 
over last year. Part of these were returned to the senders when the 
examination was concluded, some were consumed or otherwise de- 
stroyed during identification, and some were presented as additions 
to our permanent collection. 

Gifts of duplicates to schools, museums, and other institutions 
numbered 2,382 specimens. Exchanges of duplicate materials with 
other collections amounted to 10,634 specimens, and 726 specimens 
were transferred to other governmental agencies. Loans for scien- 
tific study to investigators outside Washington totaled 21,787 speci- 
mens. The summary of the collections given below has been adjusted 
to reflect additions and eliminations from the various series. 

Anthropology 711, 917 

Biology 13,869,472 

Geology 2, 687, 129 

Engineering and industries 139, 420 

History 529, 433 

Total 17,937,371 

EXPLORATIONS AND FIELD WORK 

Under the auspices of the Division of Cultural Cooperation of the 
Department of State, Ellsworth P. Killip, associate curator of plants, 
visited Colombia during April, May, and June, spending some time 
in Bogotd for work with Dr. Armando Dugand and his associates 
upon large collections of Colombian plants recently assembled at the 
Instituto de Ciencias Naturales. From there he made brief field 
trips to Apulo and Pubenza, in the western part of the Department of 
Cundinamarca, and to Monserrate and Fusagasuga. Later he went 
to Popaydn to join the ornithologist Dr. F. C. Lehmann V in an 
excursion to the Lehmann hacienda at La Capilla and to Pdramo de 
Purace. Mr. Killip's last 5 weeks were spent with Dr. Jose Cuatre- 
casas, Director of the Comision de Botdnica, Secretaria de Agricultura 
y Fomento, Cali, in examining the herbaria there and at the agricul- 
tural school, and in exploring the extensive mangrove swamps about 
Buenaventura Bay and on the delta of the San Juan River. 

Philip Hershkovitz, holder of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Scholar- 
ship for 1941-43, returned to Washington in October after spending 
the better part of two years in Colombia, where he collected in the 
states of Atlantico, Magdalena, Bolivar, and Norte de Santander. 
The collection he amassed forms the largest single accession of mam- 
mals received by the Museum in the past 25 years. 

In Colombia, also, M. A. Carriker, Jr., continued ornithological 
field work until October under the W. L. Abbott fund, his investiga- 
tions in northeastern Colombia extending south into Norte del 
Santander. In November he brought to the Museum the results of 



4 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

his past two seasons' work, one of the finest collections of birds that 
has been made in that area. 

Dr. G. Arthur Cooper, curator of the division of invertebrate pale- 
ontology and paleobotany, in collaboration with Drs. Byron N. 
Cooper and K. S. Edmundson, of the Virginia Geological Survey, 
made an investigation of the relationships of the limestones occurring 
on the flanks of Clinch Mountain in southwestern Virginia and 
northern Tennessee. Considerable information on these valuable 
deposits was obtained. The work also furthered studies of those 
brachiopods that have a significant relation to the classification of the 
Middle Ordovician strata of the eastern United States. The investi- 
gations were made under the Walcott fund of the Smithsonian 
Institution. 

Under the cooperative program between the Division of Cultural 
Cooperation of the Department of State and the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution, Dr. Cooper continued study of the geological formations of 
northwestern Mexico with the assistance of Mexican geologists. He 
arrived in Mexico City on February 23, and after conferences with 
geologists in the Instituto Geologico de Mexico, continued on February 
28 to the field, accompanied by his collaborator of the previous year, 
Ing. Alberto R. V. Arellano. After a week's journey the party 
arrived in Caborca, Sonora, and there established headquarters for 
work in the desert. Investigation began in the hills northwest of the 
village and continued in the mountains to the southeast, south, and 
west, as well as in the vicinity of the village of Pitiquito. Eight 
days were spent at the mining camp of El Antimonio. On April 11 
the party moved to the village of Altar, where sections were visited 
to the north, south, and east. Field work terminated on April 16. 
After about 2 weeks in Mexico City, partly devoted to conferences 
with Mexican geologists, Dr. Cooper returned to Washington, arriv- 
ing on May 11. 

The additional studies outlined have revealed that the Cambrian 
section extends into the hills northwest of Caborca for about 15 miles 
farther than previously known and have perfected knowledge of the 
structure of the Cambrian sediments from Caborca west to the 
Arrojos Hills, a distance of about 15 miles. In addition to the inform.a- 
tion acquired on the Cambrian, an enormous sequence of pre-Cambrian 
rocks was established, running from Pitiquito for many miles to the 
southeast. The same sequence was determined in several of the ranges 
south of Caborca. Work at El Antimonio led to the rediscovery of a 
zone of fusuline fossils, which will be important in establishing the 
geologic age of the related beds. It also led to the acquisition of more 
and better fossils from sections not fully covered last year and helped 
to establish a satisfactory explanation of the structure of the Permian 
rocks in this complicated area. The work around Altar was of 
necessity superficial, but during the limited time available a long 
sequence of Lower Cretaceous rocks was identified, constituting an 
addition to the geological column for this part of Sonora. The field 
work was supported in part by a grant from the Walcott fund of 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Dr. W. F. Foshag, curator of mineralogy and petrology, while 
occupied in work on strategic mineral sources in Mexico, has had 
opportunity to make observations of the Paricutin Volcano. 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 5 

During a 2-day trip, C. "VT. Gilmore, curator of vertebrate paleon- 
tology, accompanied by A. C. Murray, visited Plumpoint, Calvert 
County, Md., to collect a partial skeleton of a sirenian found by 
"William E. Salter. The specimen proved to be the most complete 
skeleton of this sea-cow yet found in the Maryland Miocene rocks, 
as it consisted of the skull, ramus, 22 vertebrae, 39 ribs, both scapulae, 
both humeri, and sternal and fragmentary parts, all representative of 
a skeleton more than 10 feet long. 

THE MUSEUM IN WARTIME 

The halls of the National Museum continued to be of great public 
interest during the year, the total attendance of 1,532,765 visitors 
being an increase of 177,496 over those of the previous fiscal year. 
Through an actual tabulation made during the first seven days of each 
month, it was ascertained that approximately 40 percent of all visitors 
are men and women in uniform. 

While the possibility of enemy attack on Washington became 
steadily less as the year progressed, measures for safeguarding our 
visitors, collections, and buildings continued in force. The Smith- 
sonian air-raid defense organization remained in operation throughout 
the year under the direction of the general defense coordinator, 
F. M. Setzler. Six practice blackout drills were held at night, and 
two practice air-raid drills were held during the daytime. 

As a result of a recommendation by the Smithsonian War Com- 
mittee, a conference was held between ofliicials of the Smithsonian 
Institution and the United Service Organizations, Inc., to organize a 
free guide service for personnel in uniform in the National Museum. 
In July 1943 a committee of U. S. O. groups within the city of Wash- 
ington indicated their willingness to enlist the aid of their hostesses as 
volunteers for this docent service. Under the direction of F. M. 
Setzler, head curator of the department of anthropology, a route was 
established within the Natural History Building and a script prepared 
and mimeographed describing the exhibitions in the galleries selected 
for the tour. Since all the volunteer hostesses were employed during 
the week, classes for instructing them were arranged on Sunday 
afternoons, from August 22 to October 17, 1943, and on October 24 
the first U. S. O. guide service for men and women in uniform was 
inaugurated. The individual groups were organized by a receptionist 
in the rotunda near the south entrance of the building. The first 
tour left at 11 a. m., and other small groups continued at 15-minute 
intervals until 3:30 p. m. Each tour, covering the exhibitions 
illustrating the various phases of geology, anthropology, and biology, 
required approximately 45 minutes. In order to fill vacancies among 
the hostesses as the work progressed, a second class was instructed 
during February 1944. During the 35 Sundays from October 24, 
1943, to June 25, 1944, a total of 5,325 military visitors were escorted 
through the building, an average of about 152 people for each Sunday. 
The tours were suspended in July 1944. 

These free Sunday tours for visitors in uniform were much appreci- 
ated by those men and women who participated. Many interesting 
and worth-while reactions were obtained, as indicated by the questions 
asked and the interest expressed concerning the various exhibition 
halls. Credit for the success of this service is due to the efforts of 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



the U. S. O. hostesses, to the excellent cooperation of the U. S. O. 
headquarters, and to the chairman and head receptionist. Miss 
Margaret Bledsoe. All have assisted in diffusing knowledge through 
the medium of the exhibitions. 

Throughout the year the collections removed from our buildings 
as a safeguard were inspected regularly, and careful guard was main- 
tained over them. 

While progress in the prosecution of the war toward the close of 
the fiscal year modified some of the Museum's contacts with the war 
agencies, we may feel definite pride in the many calls made on us for 
data and information as well as for the various individual services 
rendered. These have extended to practically all the laboratories 
and ofiices in our organization. Scores of requests came for informa- 
tion on various kinds of animals and plants, these being concerned 
sometimes with identifications and sometimes with other specific data. 

In the division of mammals, Dr. Remington Kellogg, curator, 
served as chairman of the American delegation at the International 
Conference on the Regulation of Whaling held at London during 
January 1944. At the request of the National Research Council, 
Dr. Kellogg undertook the preparation of text, keys, distribution 
maps, and illustrations of monkeys known to be susceptible to in- 
fection by malarial parasites, to aid in malariological studies in man. 
Officers of special Army and Navy Units, the staff of the Surgeon 
General of the Army, Office of Strategic Services, and the Division 
of Preventive Medicine and Surgery of the Navy, as well as members 
of the Inter-American Sanitary Institute and Pan American Sanitary 
Union, were furnished information relative to the distribution and 
identification of mammals involved in the transmission of diseases 
and, aided by our facilities and study collections, were given instruc- 
tions regarding the identification of such mammals. 

In the division of birds, Herbert G. Deignan, associate curator, 
assisted in work concerning maps and geographic names of the Far 
East and in a compilation of literature dealing with parts of that area. 

In the division of reptiles and amphibians. Dr. Doris M. Cochran 
assisted the Surgeon GeneraPs Office in the preparation of lists of 
Asiatic reptiles. In the division of fishes, aid v/as furnished various 
agencies concerning dangerous, poisonous, and useful fishes, methods 
of fishing, sound-making fishes, and emergency fishing equipment. 

In the division of insects, many identifications, particularly of 
mosquitoes, mites, and ectoparasites, were made for the Army and 
Navy, and the units submitting such material were also supplied 
with much information on the habits of the forms represented in the 
identified material. Assistance was given the Army Medical School 
and the National Naval Medical Center, as well as various Army and 
Navy training centers throughout the country, by supplying well- 
preserved material of insects and Acarina that are involved in human 
health problems. About 1,200 specimens were specially mounted on 
pins, and approximately 450 slide mounts were made for such train- 
ing centers. During the year nearly 200 Army and Navy officers, 
who were being assigned to malaria survey or control units, or to 
other activities concerned with human-health problems, have re- 
ceived some instruction or other help from personnel of this division. 
The Division of Medical Intelligence of the Surgeon General's Office 
has been provided with detailed information on the medical insects 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 7 

occurring in specific foreign areas. This information was placed on 
cards and the files were so organized as to permit their effective use. 

At the request of the National Research Council, Dr. Paul Bartsch, 
curator of mollusks, served as a member of a committee charged with 
the preparation of a list of helminth parasites and their intermediate 
hosts of the Southwest Pacific. The list of known or suspected mol- 
luscan intermediate hosts was prepared in the division. Information 
regarding corals and coral reefs in the Bahaman-Caribbean region, as 
well as in the western Pacific, was furnished the Navy Department on 
several occasions. 

In the division of plants, in addition to many minor inquiries from 
various war organizations, Dr. E. H. Walker, assistant curator, pre- 
pared an account of the emergency food plants of the Tropics. In 
the section of diatoms, in addition to supplying information regarding 
marine and fresh-water algae and examining samples of material in- 
volved in the fouling of ships, mines, and other marine structures, 
the associate curator, Paul S. Conger, prepared a bibliography covering 
the value of plankton as food. 

Service in the department of anthropology included a wide variety 
of matters — identification of hallmarks on purportedly stolen foreign 
silver; suggestions for tropical and Arctic clothing; water supply and 
population statistics on Caribbean Islands; primitive weapons of 
Pacific and Indonesian peoples; Oceanian boats; Oceanian foods; 
fish pemmican in Micronesia; house types in Burma; degree of western 
influence in certain islands of the Pacific and in the Philippines; 
average stature of men and women of peoples of Europe, Africa, and 
Asia; photographs of Oceanian, Japanese, Chinese, and other Asiatic 
peoples; Hindu caste marks; Central American Spanish art; food 
supplies, containers, footgear, and leather products of North African 
peoples; footgear for aviators; primitive and European armor; musical 
instruments for rehabilitation of wounded soldiers; also a number of 
detailed projects dealuig v/ith the Philippine Islands and the islands 
of the Japanese mandate. Information based upon the department's 
collections was given also on the resources of certain strategic areas, 
and of the peoples or tribes inhabiting those areas, with a view to 
conserving space on ships bound for those regions. Of scarcely less 
importance was assistance given in the identification of tribal cul- 
ture patterns, chiefly of the island peoples of the west Pacific area 
and of continental southeastern Asia. 

The division of physical anthropology supplied the Ofiice of Stra- 
tegic Services with photographs of various eastern physical types. 
It also supplied detailed data on average body weight for Europeans 
and various peoples of the Far East to the Ofiice of the Quartermaster 
General. The curator of physical anthropology, Dr. T. Dale Stew- 
art, was released for a 6-months' furlough to the Washington Uni- 
versity School of Medicine in St. Louis, Mo., to teach anatomy to 
Army and Navy medical students. The associate curator of arche- 
ology. Dr. Waldo R. Wedel, was detailed for special service to the 
Military Planning Division, Office of the Quartermaster General, 
War Department, from September 1, 1943, to March 1944. 

In the department of geology, two members of the staff, in cooper- 
ation with the Geological Institute of Mexico, continued field studies 
in the economic geology of that country as a part of the war effort. 
Curator W. F. Foshag spent the year on detail from the Museum in a 



8 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

continuation of the supervision of surveys for strategic minerals in 
Mexico. Dr. G. A. Cooper, similarly, spent three months in the 
field in Sonora concluding studies begun last year on the stratified 
rocks. The results, soon to be published, will be useful in the loca- 
tion of new mineral areas. Dr. Cooper also concluded field work on 
the project dealing with the subsurface geology of the Devonian 
rocks of Illinois, obtaining information for use in the oil development 
of that and neighboring States. 

Members of the geological staff in the home office have been more 
occupied than ever before in furnishing information to the various 
war agencies. These services have included such diverse items as 
the preparation of analyses, assisting in selecting and grading calcite 
for the War Production and other Boards, editing a scientific volume 
for an allied country, and furnishing information of all kinds to an 
ever-increasing number of service men and women visiting the 
Museum. 

Other services, especially from the department of engineering and 
industries, have included the following: Construction of two demon- 
stration models of new ordnance devices for the National Inventors 
Council; transfer of a series of model buildings to the War Depart- 
ment, Corps of Engineers, Camouflage Section; information on revolv- 
ing airfoils to the Technical Data Laboratory, Wright Field, Dayton, 
Ohio; furnishing photographs for Navy training films; identification 
of woods; information on properties and uses of woods for the Navy 
Department, War Production Board, Foreign Economic Administra- 
tion, and Inter-American Development Commission; methods of 
preserving specimens of dehydrated foods for the War Food Admin- 
istration ; advice on disposition of hemp produced in Kentucky to the 
Commodity Credit Corporation; assistance in drawing up contract 
specifications involving a true lockstitch in sewing safety seams, to 
the U. S. Maritime Commission; suitability of palmyra fiber as a 
substitute for rattan for stiff brushes to the Navy Department; and 
aid in the training of document inspectors of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation in identification of various printing processes. 

VISITORS 

The number of visitors to the Museum buildings during the year 
showed an increase of 177,496 over the previous year. The total 
number, 1,532,765, is, of course, far below the peacetime record of 
2,408,170 in 1937-38, but the increase does indicate a salutary up- 
trend in the degree to which the National Museum exhibits and col- 
lections are being viewed and studied by the people even in wartime. 
August 1943 and April 1944 saw the largest number of visitors, 
162,016 and 164,221, respectively, being recorded for these months. 
Table 1 shows the number of visitors to the various Museum build- 
ings during each month of the year. 

Since a considerable proportion of the visitors consisted of men and 
women in the armed forces, special services were proffered this group 
and every effort was made to enhance their visits. In the Natural 
History Building a program of Sunday docent service, for guiding 
parties through the Museum, was inaugurated. A number of women 
U. S. O. volunteers were especially trained to act as guides, and the 
"tours" conducted by them proved very popular. During the period 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 



9 



covering the last 35 Sundays of the fiscal year, over 5,000 members of 
the military personnel took advantage of this guide service. A fuller 
account of this program is contained elsewhere in this report. In 
the Smithsonian Building, information service for visitors was main- 
tained. The information clerk handled 11,082 separate inquiries 
for information, distributed 2,427 soldier greeting folders, gave out 
602 of the Smithsonian Institution historical brochures, and super- 
vised a free-magazine table for service men and women. In the Arts 
and Industries Building, picture postcards of Smithsonian scenes were 
distributed free to men and women in uniform. Up to January 1944, 
when the special edition of these cards was exhausted, 50,000 sets 
(300,000 cards) had been so distributed by the Institution. 



Table 1.- — Visitors to the Museum buildings during the year ended June SO, 1944 



Year and month 



1943 
July 

August 

September... 

October 

November 

December 

1944 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

Total. 



Smithsonian 
Building 



26, 445 
33, 389 
23, 664 
26, 782 
22, 460 
15, 348 



21, 478 

21, 670 

22, 549 
31, 466 
26, 625 
29, 336 



301, 212 



Museum buildings 



Arts and In- 
dustries Build- 
ing 



46, 576 
59, 715 
45, 033 
49, 434 
41, 301 
26, 907 



39, 519 

38, 374 
45, 907 
67, 254 
51, 385 
55, 091 



566, 496 



Natural His- 
tory Building 



43, 973 

49, 449 
38, 186 
43, 552 
43, 103 
27, 098 



35, 385 

36, 360 
36, 692 

46, 822 
45, 598 

47, 021 



1 493, 239 



Aircraft 
Building 



16, 100 
19, 463 

13, 487 

14, 397 
12, 666 

9,026 



12, 712 
12, 269 
12, 926 
18, 679 
15, 318 
14, 775 



171,818 



Total 



133, 094 
162, 016 
120, 370 

134, 165 
119, 530 

78, 379 



109, 094 
108, 673 
118, 074 
164, 221 
138, 926 
146, 223 



1, 532, 765 



1 Not including 3,684 persons attending meetings after 4:30 p. m. 

LIBRARY 

The experience gained in the first year and a half of the war enabled 
the staff of the Museum library to begin the past fiscal year better 
prepared to meet and to adapt its services and facilities to changed 
conditions. Unpredictable earlier, it was now possible to know not 
only the kind and character of many of the difficulties arising and of 
the changes of emphasis certain to continue for the duration but 
even to foresee others that must be met, and consequently to settle 
into a better stabilized wartime routine. From the point of view of 
work done for the war effort, under wartime conditions, the records 
show that the year was a good one. 

The degree to which the library was used directly by various war 
agencies and by individuals in the armed forces was almost double 
that of the preceding year, and 520 requests for information came 
from these sources alone. Some of them were simple questions that 
could be easily answered, but many of them required considerable 
research. As was noted in last year's report, an interesting postwar 
story could be written about the variety of subjects covered hj these 



10 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

questions, and the surprising conversion to wartime uses of literature 
resulting from the most unwarlike pursuit of scientific investigations, 
especially in the field of the natural sciences. 

No statistical record was attempted of the extensive use of the 
library made indirectly by the war agencies thi-ough the liaison of the 
Ethnogeographic Board. 

In the library services to the curatorial staff of the Museum it was 
no longer possible to distinguish definitely between war work and 
nonwar work. Routine requests for books and bibliographical assist- 
ance were much the same in kind and number as in normal years. 
The difference lay in their purpose, since so many of the Museum staff 
not actually on war duty elsewhere were almost wholly occupied with 
war assignments needing their highly specialized knowledge. 

There was little difference from last year in the accessions of books 
and periodicals. The number of periodical parts received both by 
purchase and by exchange fell off somewhat, but most of the still- 
continuing scientific serials from allied and neutral countries reached 
the library with gratifying regularity and with a minimum of loss of 
individual numbers. 

Among the noteworthy acquisitions of the year were 120 volumes 
and 1,850 pamphlets on Cambrian stratigraphy from the library of 
the late Dr. Charles E. Eesser, and 8 volumes and 750 pamphlets on 
beetles from the library of the late Dr. M. W. Blackman. As they 
have long been accustomed to do, many members of the scientific 
staff and other friends of the Museum generously gave copies of their 
own publications and other useful and important books and pamphlets. 

The cataloging of currently received material was practically up to 
date at the end of the year, in spite of illness among the staff and a 
still- vacant cataloging position. The temporary services of a sub- 
professional cataloger helped considerably to prevent a mounting 
arrearage of current work that might otherwise have become difficult 
to reduce. 

Again a generous allotment of funds for binding made it possible not 
only to send off newly completed volumes of periodicals to be bound 
but also to make some further inroads in the binding '^backlog." Of 
the 1,951 volum^es returned from the bindery, 900 were part of the 
1,550 prepared and sent this year, while the rest had been sent toward 
the close of last year. 

The physical condition and the appearance of the library were 
greatly improved by the completion of the extensive rearrangements 
undertaken to relieve the overcrowding of the shelves in the Natural 
History Building. So serious was the overcrowding that even after 
the transfer of about 2,000 volumes to the Arts and Industries Build- 
ing there was little room for actual expansion, and almost every book 
in the stacks had to be shifted to make space in the right places for 
hitherto unshelved or improperly shelved books and periodicals. In 
the process, however, the shelves were read and put in order, and not 
a few "lost" books came to light. The provision of adequate room for 
future growth is still an unsolved problem. 

Changes on the staff included the resignation of Mrs. Daisy F. 
Bishop, library assistant, on January 25, 1944, and the appointment 
of Mrs. Marie Boborykine to succeed her, on March 14. Mrs. Carmen 
G. Randall was given a temporary appointment as library assistant 
on September 30, 1943, succeeding Miss Ruth Newcomb, who served 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 11 

from August 24 to September 6. Miss Marie R. Wenger was pro- 
moted to the position of librarian in charge of cataloging, and Mrs. 
Mary A. Baer was promoted to the position of librarian, continuing 
in charge of the Arts and Industries branch library. Samuel A. Jones 
was promoted from assistant messenger to messenger. 

Statistics 

Accessions of cataloged publications and bound periodicals. 3,726 

Volumes, pamphlets, and maps cataloged 4,794 

Periodical parts entered 5,607 

Cards added to catalogs and shelf lists 20,619 

Volumes bound or rebound 1,951 

New exchanges arranged 134 

Circulation of books and periodicals (exclusive of intra- 

di visional circulation from sectional libraries) 10,310 

The estimated number of volumes and pamphlets now in the 
Museum library is 230,693. Not included in this figure are incom- 
plete volumes of periodicals and the large collections of pamphlets on 
special subjects in the sectional libraries. 

PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

The sum allotted for National Museum publication requirements 
for the fiscal year 1943-44 was $43,000, the same amount as for the 
preceding year. This allotment was apportioned as follows: $30,000 
for the printing of Museum Bulletins, Proceedings, and the Annual 
Keport; $9,000 for binding; $4,000 for the salary of the Museum 
printer. Twenty publications were issued — the Annual Report, 4 
Bulletins, 1 Contribution from the National Herbarium, and 14 
Proceedings papers. The publications are listed on page 99. Vol- 
umes bound totaled 1,550. 

The distribution of volumes and separates to libraries and individ- 
uals on the regular mailing lists aggregated 33,847 copies, while in 
addition 6,970 copies of publications issued during this and previous 
years were supplied in response to special requests. The mailing lists 
have been carefully revised to avoid loss in distribution. 

Early in the fiscal year, the Museum editor, Paul H. Oehser, 
brought to a close his work as editor of the Proceedings of the Eighth 
American Scientific Congress when volumes 10-12 of that series were 
published and distributed. This work had been in progress since 
1941 in collaboration with the Division of International Conferences, 
Department of State. The editor continued also as chairman of the 
Efficiency Rating Committee of the Smithsonian Institution. 

Indexing. — Notable advancement was made during the year on the 
comprehensive index to Museum publications, which has been in 
progress since 1933. With the exception of seven or eight annual 
reports, all volumes have now been indexed down to the year 1900. 
The index at present comprises approximately 235,000 cards. 

The indexing of current volumes of Proceedings was kept up to 
date, indexes and tables of contents for three volumes (91-93) being 
published during the year. In addition to what time the editor and 
his assistant, Gladys O. Visel, were able to devote to the indexing 
work, considerable help was rendered during the year by Mrs. Mar- 
guerite W. Poole, information clerk. 



12 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Museum 'print shop. — F. W. Bright was detailed by the United 
States Government Printing Office, as in former years, to print labels 
and special forms at the Museum print shop, a branch of the Govern- 
ment Printing Office. Kequisitions submitted for printing numbered 
146, and Mr. Bright completed 131 ; in addition 7 that were submitted 
during the previous fiscal year were finished, a total for the year of 
138. Seven of the 15 unfinished requisitions represent specimen 
labels involving long press runs and 8 cover large exhibition labels 
requiring much hand setting of type. With the exception of these, 
the work of the print shop is up to date. 

PHOTOGRAPHIC LABORATORY 

The Bureau of American Ethnology, the National Collection of 
Fine Arts, and the National Museum have continued their cooperative 
arrangement with the photographic laboratory. Under this the 
laboratory has made 3,205 negatives (including 120 microphotographs) 
13,533 prints, 314 lantern slides, 2,060 enlargements, and 35 trans- 
parencies (including 13 in kodachrome). It has also developed 27 
rolls of film, 5 film packs, 73 paper negatives, and 135 cut films. 
In addition it copied 1,049 pages in microfilm, mounted 624 prints, 
retouched 286 negatives, and cut 8 mats. Much of this work has 
been in connection with the preparation of illustrations for the 
Smithsonian War Background Series of publications, with the work 
of the Ethnogeographic Board, and other matters related to Smith- 
sonian activities in the war effort. 

Under a reorganization effected during the year the curatorial work 
on the photographic collections in the Museum, which pertains 
properly to the division of graphic arts, was separated on November 
9, 1943, from the activities of the head photographic laboratory. 

BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT 

Repairs and alterations. — Repairs to the service roadway around 
the Natural History Building, begun last year, were completed in 
October. Although these were only of an emergency nature, it is 
felt that they have put the roadway in very good condition and will 
furnish a perfect foundation when funds become available for complete 
resurfacing. 

Most of the other building repairs were of a routine, maintenance 
nature and need no special mention. Painting, as usual, was the 
biggest item. The largest paint job completed was the repainting 
of the walls and ceiling of the '^chapel" and ceiling of the west range 
in the Smithsonian Building. In progress at the close of the year 
was the painting of the exterior of the window frames and sashes in 
the west end of the Smithsonian Building, a rather difficult and 
lengthy procedure because of the complexity of some of these old 
windows. 

Scrap-metal and paper salvage. — As a contribution to the war effort, 
the collection of scrap metal in Museum buildings was continued. 
During the year 2,350 pounds of junk metal and 1,250 pounds of 
salvaged tin cans were collected and delivered, respectively, to the 
Procurement Division and the District of Columbia Salvage Commit- 
tee. More than 6 tons of waste paper were collected. 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 13 

Heat, light, and power. — The steam used during the year for heating 
the various Museum buildings amounted to 63,445,800 pounds — ■ 
about 8,500,000 more than for the previous year. All steam is fur- 
nished by the Government's Central Heating Plant. Electric current 
used amounted to 1,510,510 kilowatt-hours. 

An important maintenance job completed in June was the rewiring 
of the tunnel from the Natural History Building to the Smithsonian 
Building, where through corroding the old conduit line had become 
hazardous. 

Ice production, — Ice for the Museum's use manufactured by the 
refrigerating plant amount to 197.9 tons, at a cost of $1.15 a ton. 

Air-raid and fire protection. — The usual weekly air-raid alarm tests, 
and periodic inspections and maintenance of water barrels, fire 
pumps, fire extinguishers, and other equipment, were made. The fire 
and burglar alarm systems functioned efficiently. 

Furniture and fixtures. — Furniture added during the year consisted 
of 5 exhibition cases and bases, 287 pieces of storage, laboratory, and 
other furniture, and 2,426 drawers, boxes, and wing frames. Con- 
demned and disposed of were 28 exhibition cases and bases, 120 items 
of storage, laboratory, office, and other furniture, and 166 drawers 
and boxes of various kinds. An inventory as of June 30, 1944, 
showed on hand: 3,522 exhibition cases, 20,368 pieces of storage, 
office, and laboratory furniture, and 116,466 drawers, boxes, and wing 
frames. 

MEETINGS AND SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

The Museum has continued its practice of making its auditorium and 
lecture-room facilities available for the use of scientific, educational, 
welfare, and governmental organizations and groups. Especially in 
wartime do such groups, particularly local ones, find it convenient to 
use these facilities for their meetings, and as far as possible the Museum 
is glad to assist in carrying out their programs. In all, 139 such 
meetings were held during the year in the auditorium and room 43, 
Natural History Building. 

A series of 17 special exhibits were held during the year in the foyer 
and adjacent space of the Natural History Building. These, listed 
chronologically, were as follows: 

July 1 to August 31, 1943: Exhibit of anthropological specimens from the Pacific 
area, from the Aleutian Islands through Micronesia and the Melanesian 
Islands, prepared by the department of anthropology. 

September 1 to 30, 1943: Exhibit of photographs conducted by the National 
Photographic Society. 

October 6 to 31, 1943: Exhibition of paintings by Zeferino Palencia, of Mexico, 
sponsored by Senor Dr. Don Francisco Castillo N^jera, Ambassador Extra- 
ordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mexico, and by the Pan American Union. 

October 13 to November 1, 1943: Exhibit illustrating the theme "Bali — Back- 
ground to War," prepared by the Museum of Modern Art, of New York. 

November 1 to 30, 1943: Exhibit of wild-flower paintings, by Mrs. D. Werden 
Scott, of San Saba, Tex. 

December 3, 1943, to January 3, 1944: Exhibit of water colors of Mexico by 
Walter B. Swann, of Omaha, Nebr., sponsored by Senor Dr. Don Francisco 
Castillo Ndjera, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mexico, 
and by the Pan American Union. 

January 1 to 31, 1943: Exhibit of arts and crafts made by Service people in various 
U. S. O, centers throughout the country, sponsored by the United Service 
Organization. 

662679—45 2 



14 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

January 7 to 31, 1944: Exhibit of water colors and block prints by Ralph H. Avery, 

C. Sp. (P.), U. S. Navy. 
February 4 to 27, 1944: Exhibition of paintings by John Mix Stanley, 1814-1872, 

his daughter-in-law Jane C. Stanley, 1863-1940, and her daughter Alice 

Stanley Acheson, of Washington, D. C. 
March 1 to June 80, 1944: Exhibit of emergency rescue equipment, sponsored by 

the U. S. Coast Guard. 
March 1 to 31, 1944: Exhibit of photographs illustrating the Belgian Congo at 

war. Photographs by Andr6 Cauvin, of the Belgian Information Center. 
April 1 to 30, 1944: Series of photographs by members of the Army Map Service, 

entered in a contest by that organization. 
April 1 to 28, 1944: The Carl Moon exhibit of Indian portraits. Gift, through the 

artist, of Mrs. Florence Rand Lang, of Montclair, N. J. 
April 29 to May 3, 1944: Biennial art exhibit sponsored by the National League 

of American Pen Women. 
May 2 to 29, 1944: Exhibit of portraits of leading American Negro citizens by 

Mrs. Laura Wheeler Waring, of Philadelphia, Pa., and Mrs. Betsy Graves 

Reyneau, of Washington, D. C. 
May 3 to 31, 1944: Continuation of the Carl Moon exhibit of Indian portraits. 
June 2 to 29, 1944: Exhibition of mural paintings from the caves of India, by 

Sarkis Katchadourian. 

CHANGES IN ORGANIZATION AND STAFF 

The year saw no major change in the organization of the National 
Museum, but some work was done in allocating positions to their 
proper grades under the Classification Act on the basis of the duties of 
each position. 

Honorary appointments were conferred on Maj. Edward A. Gold- 
man as associate in zoology, on August 1, 1943 ; Dr. Floyd A. McClure 
as research associate in botany, on April 21, 1944; Dr. J. B. Reeside, 
Jr., as custodian of Mesozoic collections, on June 19, 1944; and 
Clarence R. Shoemaker, as associate in zoology, on April 1, 1944. 

In the department of biology, Dr. David H. Johnson, associate 
curator, division of mammals, was furloughed for military duty on 
November 15, 1943, and Dr. Richard E. Blackv/elder, associate cur- 
ator, division of insects, was furloughed temporarily for war work on 
August 23, 1943. Other changes were the resignation on March 22, 
1944, of Walter A. Weber, assistant curator, division of birds; and 
the retirement of Clarence R. Shoemaker, associate curator, division 
of marine invertebrates, and of Julian S. Warmbath, taxidermist, the 
latter vacancy being filled by the promotion of Watson M. Perrygo 
on December 9, 1943. Under the section of diatoms, Paul S. Conger 
was appointed on March 9, 1944, as associate curator. 

Through the death of Dr. Charles E. Resser, Dr. G. Arthur Cooper 
was advanced to the curatorship of the division of invertebrate paleon- 
tology and paleobotany, department of geology, on October 2, 1943, 
Miss Marion F. Willoughby, scientific aide, transferred to the U. S. 
Geological Survey on October 31, 1943. 

In the department of engineering and industries. Dr. A. J. Olmsted, 
chief photographer of the Museum, was relieved of this position on 
November 9, 1943, and was placed in charge of the section of photo- 
graphy, which he so ably developed. Gurney I. High tower succeeded 
Dr. Olmsted in charge of the photographic laboratory of the Museum, 
assisted by Floyd B. Kestner, on January 9, 1944. 

Other changes on the administrative staff during the year were the 
retirement of Royal H. Trembly, superintendent of buildings and 
labor, who^was succeeded by Lawrence L. Oliver, on December 10, 



OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 15 

1943. Anthony W. Wilding was assigned to the position of property 
officer on December 21, 1943 by transfer from the Bureau of American 
Ethnology. The vacancy caused by the death of Miss Helen A. 
Olmsted, personnel officer, was ffiled by Mrs. Bertha T. Carwithen 
on February 1, 1944, and Mrs. Margaret L. Vinton was appointed 
personnel assistant on March 9, 1944. 

Employees furloughed for military duty during the year were as 
follows: Robert L. Bradshaw, on October 12, 1943; Joseph R. Burke, 
Jr., on October 13, 1943; John Carl Carter, on May 5, 1944; Walter 
McCree, on April 3, 1944; and Dr. David H. Johnson, on November 
15, 1943. Ernest Desantis returned to duty from military furlough 
on October 18, 1943. 

Eleven persons were retu-ed during the year through operation of 
the retirement act, as follows — Through age: William Rice, laborer, 
on September 30, 1943, after 15 years 3 months of service; Thomas 
J. Shannon, guard, on April 30, 1944, with 18 years 6 months of serv- 
ice; and Clarence R. Shoemaker, associate curator, on March 31, 

1944, with 33 years 4 months of service. By optional retire- 
ment: Royal H. Trembly, superintendent of buildings and labor, 
November 30, 1943, with over 49 years of service; Bertie Turner, 
attendant, on November 30, 1943, with 32 years 6 months service; 
and Julian S. Warmbath, taxidermJst, with 15 years of service. 
Through disability: Eugene C. Miller, guard, on December 9, 1943, 
with 6 yeai-s 1 month; Cecil R. Mulnix, guard, on March 31, 1944, 
with 13 years 7 months; Arthur G. Rodgers, guard, on November 10, 
1943, with 8 years 5 months; Ann M. Stokes, laborer, on October 4, 
1943, with 18 years 6 months; and Charles O. Watson, laborer, on 
April 5, 1944, with 35 years 3 months. 

Through death, the Museum lost five employees from its active roll 
during the year: Dr. Charles E. Resser, curator, division of inverte- 
brate paleontology and paleobotany, on September 18, 1943, after 
29 years 5 months of service; Miss Helen A. Olmsted, personnel officer, 
on January 11, 1944, after 43 years 9 months; Benjamin F. Coe, 
guard, on March 1, 1944, after 25 years 5 months; George E. Matheny, 
guard, on July 20, 1943, after 24 years 6 months; and Cornelius S. 
Jones, laborer, on March 17, 1944, after 32 years 6 months. 

From its list of honorary workers, the Museum lost by death on 
September 5, 1943, Dr. Ale§ Hrdlicka, associate in anthropology 
since April 1, 1942, and on February 22, 1944, Dr. E. O. Ulrich, as- 
sociate in paleontology since June 9, 1914. 



DETAILED REPORTS ON THE COLLECTIONS 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 
(Frank M. Setzler, Head Curator) 

Anthropological specimens continue to be used by investigators 
from military organizations and wartim^e agencies, those collections 
from remote areas and little known primitive peoples being especially 
significant. The greatly reduced staff has given priority to all 
requests from war agencies in supplying data and in preparing scien- 
tific reports related to certain theaters of war. The numerous requests 
from war agencies for well-documented specimens of a perishable 
nature emphasize the need for constant care in the preservation of such 
objects at all times. Even though field work has been held in abey- 
ance for the duration of the war, the regular routine assignments, 
special exhibitions, and the reduction of backlog extend the efforts of 
the present reduced staff to the maximum. 

From August 1943 to the end of the fiscal year the head curator 
directed the special guide service for military visitors, which was 
inaugurated through the cooperation of United Service Organizations, 
Inc., and the Smithsonian Institution. This activity is described 
on page 5. The head curator attended weekly conferences of the 
Committee on Personnel Utilization and the Committee on Workload; 
served as secretary of the Advisory Board of the National Park 
Service and attended a conference of the board in Chicago; and con- 
tinued as general defense coordinator for the Smithsonian buildings 
on the Mall except the National Gallery of Art. 

Dr. Waldo R. Wed el, associate curator of archeology, was detailed 
for special service as needed to the Military Planning Division, Ofhce 
of the Quartermaster General, War Department, from September 1, 
1943, to March 1, 1944. The curator of physical anthropology. Dr. 
T. Dale Stewart, was granted a furlough from July 1943 to January 
1944 for the purpose of teaching anatomy to Army and Navy medical 
students at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo. 

On September 5, 1943, the department, the Museum, the Institution, 
and the science of physical anthropology lost one of its most distin- 
guished students when death came to Dr. Ale§ HrdliSka in his seventy- 
fifth year. Even though he had retired from the active administra- 
tion of the division of physical anthropology on March 31, 1942, 
Dr. Hrdlicka continued unabated his researches up to within a few 
days of his death, and only death itself could stop him from his work. 
He was born in Humpolec, Bohemia, March 29, 1869, and arrived 
in this country with his parents at the age of 13. In 1903 he assumed 
charge of the newly created division of physical anthropology in the 
U. S. National Museum and spent the remaining years of his life in 
building one of the outstanding collections of human skeletal m^aterial. 
The more than 37,000 specimens in this division can rightfully be 

16 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 17 

credited to his vigorous and boundless energy. The studies and 
reports resulting from his world-wide travels, explorations, and 
laboratory analyses are represented by the more than 350 articles and 
books which he published. Moreover, the science of physical an- 
thropology in America, to which he devoted the greater part of his 
life, is largely responsible to this one man. In 1918 he founded the 
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, and he was largely 
responsible for organizing the An erican Association of Physical 
Anthropologists, which was estabhshed i^^ 1928. During his world 
travels he personally examined a^l the significant specimens relating 
to the skeletal remains of early nan as known up to 1930, and his 
treatise on the subject made him the outstanding authority. Many 
societies and educational institutions recognized his untiring zeal and 
ability by honorary membership. He quite naturally assumed a 
proprietary interest in the field of physical anthropology, and at 
times seemed much more formidable than he actually was. 

ACCESSIONS 

The accessions assigned to the department during the year totaled 
61. Only one division, archeology, exceeded the number of accessions 
received during the previous year. This reduction is no doubt a 
direct result of the country's effort in winning the war. Nevertheless 
we were forced to decline several private collections because of lack 
of space. The 61 accessions included four loans related to special 
exhibitions installed under the direction of the head curator. These 
consisted of ''Bali: Background to War,'' ''Arts and Crafts of Service 
People Made in Various U. S. O. Centers," "Emergency Kescue 
Equipment," and ''Belgian Congo at War." Other accessions were 
assigned as follows: Archeology, 23 ; ethnology, 19 ; ceramics, 3 ; musical 
instruments, 1; period art and textiles, 9; physical anthropology, 2; 
totaling 852 specimens. The more important of these are described 
under the following divisions: 

Archeology. — A collection of 115 lots of potsherds and other mate- 
rials from various Indian sites, many of which are on or near the pre- 
sumed route of De Soto's expedition of 1539-42 through the south- 
eastern United States, were presented by Dr. John R. Swanton. 
Other materials include: 29 lots of potsherds from Indian village sites 
in Nebraska and South Dakota, excavated under the direction of 
A. T. Hill through the Work Projects Administration and the Nebraska 
State Historical Society; 65 lots of potsherds, chipped blades, and 
projectile points from sand-dune hearth areas in Dugway Valley, 
Tooele County, Utah, presented by Lt. Karl Schmitt, U. S. A.; a 
Tiahuanacoid pottery vessel from the Lake Titicaca region, Bolivia, 
donated by Mrs. William C. Davis. Two gold and silver book ends 
reflecting the Tiahuanacan style of architecture and sculpture, a gift 
from the Chamber of Commerce in Bolivia to Vice President Henry 
A. Wallace on the occasion of his visit to La Paz in April 1943, were 
presented by him to the National Museum. 

Ethnology, — One major documented field collection, from the Hui- 
chol Indians of northern Jalisco, Mexico, was received as a gift from 
Col. ^ Harry Stev/art. This series of 159 specimens supplements 
previous collections from that tribe. It was made by^ Edwin F. 
Myers during a 3-months' expedition through the entire Huichol 



18 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

region. Agustin Gossio, an educated Huichol, rendered valuable 
assistance to Mr. Myers but was later killed by a rebel band. In- 
cluded are 23 excellent photographs showing the Huichol in their 
native environment and engaged in their daily activities, hand-woven 
poncho capes of wool and cotton and other weavings, hunting bows 
and arrows, objects of personal adornment, basketry, furniture (such 
as cradles and chaii-s), toys, charms, votive bowls and fetishes, gourd 
and pottery utensils, and musical instruments. Another important 
collection accessioned consisted of 26 large oil paintings of Navaho, 
Apache, and Pueblo Indians of Arizona and New Mexico by Carl 
Moon. These came as a gift of the late Florence Rand Lang, who 
generously financed a project for obtaining "an authentic pictm-e 
record for present and futin-e students, and all others interested in the 
American Indian." The paintings were made from color sketches 
and photographs obtained by Mr. Moon in the field between the years 
1903 and 1917. A special showing of the paintings in the foyer of 
the Natural History Building was favorably received by the public 
and art critics. Through Charles P. Taft, the estate of Mrs. William 
Howard Taft, wife of the late President and first Civil Governor of 
the Philippine Islands, a collection of excellent examples of Moro 
and Indonesian brasses, which had been presented to Mr. and Mrs. 
Taft on various occasions, was given to the Museum. Included 
also is an excellent example of Philippine metal work in the form of 
a vase beautifully chased, decorated in relief, and inscribed "Al Hon- 
orable Gobernador Civil de Filipinas Mr. Wm. H. Taft en Recuerdo 
del Sangdugong Paiiagunip — Pedro A. Paterno. Manila 27 de Agosto 
de 1902." A collection of Chinese and Korean bronze mirrors pre- 
sented by J. Morgan Clements is particularly noteworthy because of 
certain outstanding specimens. A Korean mirror included in the 
accession is identical in design and inscribed characters with a mirror 
in the Prince Yi Household Museum, Seoul, Korea. It is there 
identified as being of the Koryo period (A. D. 918-1391). The in- 
scription reads huang p'ei ch'ang fien, or, in English, ''the brilliant 
vast resplendent heavens." Included also was an example of Chinese 
knife money known as ming tao, the provenience of which is probably 
the Chao State, now a part of modern Sliansi, Hopei, and Inner 
Mongolia. The coin may be classified as of the late Chou period, 
fourth- third century B. C. 

Important accessions assigned to the section of ceramics consisted 
of a sugar bowl of French silver luster, originally obtained by Captains 
Lawrence and Tracy, of Steuben, Maine, coowners of a coastal 
schooner, from a French frigate off Boston Harbor during the latter 
years of the French and Indian war and presented by George V. 
Blue, a lineal descendant of Captain Tracy. Three vases and two 
bowls of Hollywood ware were received from the Santa Monica pottery 
of the California Art Products, Inc. 

The section of musical instruments accessioned a B-flat clarinet 
made about 1870 by C. H. Eisenbrant, of Baltimore. This instrument, 
of rosewood, with 7 finger holes and 15 silver keys jeweled with 
brilliants, and inlaid with filigree silver, came as a gift from Miss 
Alice I. Siddall. 

To the section of period art and textiles was transferred custody 
of the 95 objects of colonial American house furnishings on exhibition 
in the colonial room, off the ground floor foyor of the Natural History 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 19 

Building. These specimens were collected and presented to the 
Museum by Mrs. Gertrude D. Webster in 1924. The room, including 
the wall paneling of American pine and the miscellaneous furnishings, 
has been recently reconditioned. A sixteenth-century Spanish colonial 
vargueno cabinet desk made of soft wood and veneered with a choco- 
late-colored walnut or mahogany was presented by Mrs. Graham Ker. 
Through a bequest from Miss Rebecca E. Everly a hardanger scarf 
and two doilies embroidered with butterflies, roses, and carnations, 
and edged with Battenburg lace, were received. Kate Session Marsh 
bequeathed 20 specimens of miscellaneous antique American and 
European laces, silver, and other objects of minor period art. Impor- 
tant specimens in the latter bequest are a cake basket of openwork 
silver, made by William Plummer, London, 1764-65; a chocolate pot 
of repousse silver, made by Alice and George Burrows, London, 
1816-17; and an icon of the Virgin and Christ Child, made of gold- 
washed silver, enamel, and pearls, bearing the town mark of Tule, 
Russia, year 1885. 

INSTALLATION AND PRESERVATION OF COLLECTIONS 

During the year six temporary exhibitions were installed in the 
foyer of the Natural History Building under the direction of the head 
curator, assisted by the other divisions in the department, especially 
Mr. Krieger and his staff in ethnology, and by the office of the super- 
intendent. During July and August 1943 the Museum's anthropolo- 
gical specimens from the Pacific area extending from the Aleutian 
Islands through Micronesia and the Melanesian Islands were exhibited 
in the ten alcoves of the foyer. Of particularly timely interest were 
those illustrating island cultures of the Marshalls, Solomons (especially 
Guadalcanal), and Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands. In the Aleutian 
group emphasis was placed on the extensive archeological and ethno- 
logical material from the Island of Attn, from which the native Aleuts 
were removed or exterminated by the Japs. From October 13 to 
November 1, 1943, a special exhibition was installed entitled '^Bali: 
Background to War." This exhibit, prepared by the Museum of 
Modern Art of New York City, has served as a visual aid for the 
regional training programs of the armed services. It displayed the 
use of Balinese carvings, paintings, and shadow-play puppets to illus- 
trate the psychology of the natives on the Island of Bali. The exhibi- 
tion was derived from the 2,000 native works of art and 30,000 photo- 
graphs collected by the Bateson-Mead Anthropological Expedition. 
Early in January 1944 arrangements were made to display ''Emergency 
Rescue Equipment" in a special section at the south end of the foyer. 
Final installation was made in March. Owing to the unusual interest 
to visitors, this special exhibition remained on view at the close of the 
fiscal year. It consists of such objects as balsa and inflated life rafts, 
sun stni for purifying salt water, food bombs and their contents, 
various types of food rations, life preservers, signaling devices con- 
sisting of smoke bombs, water dyes, flags, and the emergency signaling 
mirror, fishing kits, light-weight exposure suit, and photographs 
illustrating the application of some of this equipment, as well as 
literature describing the use of the objects under a variety of condi- 
tions. The visitors' reactions to the display differ: Parents and rela- 
tives of persons in the armed forces are interested to see at firsthand 



20 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

the precautions taken to prevent loss of life under emergency condi- 
tions; military visitors who have had some experience in the use of 
some of the equipment may either describe some of their narrow 
escapes or ignore the exhibit because it brings back memories of 
hardships. The objects were lent to the Institution originally by the 
Emergency Rescue Equipment Section of the Coordinator of Research 
and Development, U. S. Navy, later changed to Air Sea Rescue 
Agency, U. S. Coast Guard. 

In January of this year a portion of the foyer was used to display 
arts and crafts made by Service people in various U. S. O. centers 
throughout the country. An interesting exhibition of paintings by 
Carl Moon was placed on display at various intervals from March to 
June 1944. These were developed from colored sketches made by the 
artist between the years 1903-1917, and depict various episodes in the 
daily life of the Navaho, Apache, and Pueblo Indians against a back- 
ground of home life within the mountains and deserts of the American 
Southwest. Under the auspices of the Belgian Information Center 
the department supervised the installation of enlarged photographs 
illustrating the ^* Belgian Congo at War." These unusual pictures 
were made by Andre Cauvin, who spent a year in the Congo making 
a photographic record of the transition from a chaotic past into a 
new structure of contemporary cities and modern forms of armed 
warfare. 

When the supervision of the colonial room v^as assigned to the 
department, considerable time w^as given to the cleaning of all speci- 
mens. The handsome wall paneliDg was cleaned and waxed, the 
floor painted, and black draperies hung from the top of the Museum 
walls in order to concentrate the attention of the visitor on the 
furnishings within the paneled room. 

Archeology. — During the year several minor additions were made 
to the exhibits, but no major changes. The Museum- Gates collec- 
tions of 1901 and 1905, principally from ceremonial caves in Arizona 
and New Mexico, were reexamined in preparation for revised exhibits. 
Several hundred specimens previously rem^oved from exhibit were 
sorted and returned to their proper place in the study collections. 
The reference library for Old World archeology was placed in order, 
and its index cards were revised; a card index to archeological papers 
in the various Smithsonian Institution publications is in progress. 
As an example of the work involved in preparing archeological ma- 
terial for museum use, the under scientific helper devoted practicallj' 
one entire man-year to marking pottery fragments and stone artifacts 
collected at Tres Zapotes, Mexico, by the Smithsonian Institution- 
National Geographic Society Expedition. 

The death of Dr. A. Hrdii6ka on September 5, 1943, interrupted 
his review of the 12 collections he brought back from Alaska between 
1926 and 1938. 

Ethnology. — All current accessions have been cleaned, fumigated, 
classified, cataloged, and placed either on display or in classified study 
series. It has become more apparent during the present war emer- 
gency than was evident in normal years that an ethnological specimen 
may on occasion be found extremely useful to investigators. This 
observation pertains particularly to specimens originating outside 
the North American Continent. The staff has, therefore, made every 
possible effort to improve the classified study series from the Pacific 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 21 

areas, from Indonesia, and from the Asiatic mainland. In this effort 
the laboratory of the department of anthropology has been of appre> 
ciable assistance, particularly in the cleaning, restoration, and repair 
of specimens from those areas so that they have been made available 
for purposes of study. Specimens collected 100 years ago by the 
U. S. Exploring Expedition from island peoples of the Pacific, as well 
as the many unique specimens from Indian tribes of the western 
plains collected by the U. S. Army between 1870-1880, were classified 
and housed in 45 standard and in 10 specially built cases by the senior 
scientific aide, Robert A. Elder, Jr., who devoted most of the past 
year in classifying, repairing, and fumigating these collections. The 
Museum's fumatorium has been in almost constant use by the division 
in connection with this work, wherein the division has received the 
active cooperation of the superintendent's office through the detail of 
laborers in the cleaning and moving of specimens. Ethnological 
collections long on exhibition in the displays of Korean, Chinese, 
Tibetan, and West Africa ethnology have been removed temporarily 
for fumigation. As indicated in the earlier part of this section, the 
staff in ethnology assisted in the preparation and installation of tem- 
porary exhibitions in the foyer of the Natural History Building. 

Physical anthropology. — Because of the death of Dr. Hrdli^ka, the 
6-months' absence of the curator. Dr. T. Dale Stewart, and the 
military furlough of the associate curator, very few changes in the 
public exhibitions were made during the fiscal year. After the 
curator's return from Washington University School of Medicine, 
St. Louis, Mo., plans were made and carried out for the complete 
reorganization and redecoration of the division offices and laboratory. 
While these changes were in progress the divisional work that could 
be carried on was limited. 

The material exhibited in the offices, laboratory, and third floor 
halls of the division was removed and rearranged in the course of 
reorganization. One exhibition case retained in the library section 
of the main office has been filled with memorabilia pertaining to Dr. 
Hrdli^ka. Two other exhibition cases in the adjoining offices weie 
being filled at the close of the year with exhibits shov/ing age changes 
in dift'erent parts of the human skeleton. Material of this nature is 
frequently needed for reference, especially in connection with identi- 
fication work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and is difficult 
to locate in the general collections. These two cases will also serve 
as experimental cases for testing out new ideas for exhibitions. 

Throughout the year the under scientific helper, Riley E. Mangum, 
was engaged in rearranging and relabeling the division collections. 
Within each geographical or tribal group the specimens are being 
arranged serially by catalog number, and all scattered bones brought 
together so as to make the individual skeleton the storage unit. 

Anthropological laboratory. — The chief preparator, Andreas J. 
Andrews, supervised the modeling of a composite bust of an average 
young man, which was lent to the Reconstruction and Development 
Ofiice, Office of the Quartermaster General, U. S. Army. A life-size 
model in natural color of head and shoulders of a young man was 
made, as a loan, for the Motion Picture Photographic Division, 
Navy Department. A portrait bust of the late Dr. Ale§ Hrdli^ka 
was modeled. A death mask of Dr. Hrdli6ka was made for the 
Czechoslovakian Embassy, the piece-mold for which was retained in 



22 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

the laboratory. The eotire colonial-room exhibit was cleaned and 
the necessary repairs were made, including 50 new identification 
numbers. A life-size mannikin, two water-color illustrations, and 
several specimen supports were prepared for the special exhibition, 
''Emergency Rescue Equipment." 

For the division of archeology several pieces of Mexican pottery 
and sculpture were repaired and restored. For the division of eth- 
nology 90 pieces of American Indian pottery and a cooking pot from 
New Guinea were repaired and restored. Ten 5-inch lettered labels 
were made for the exhibition entitled ''Specimens from the Various 
Islands in the Pacific." A Spanish chest from the year 1600, a 4-foot 
Chinese statue of Buddha, a large Chinese statue carved from wood, 
and several additional woodcarvings were repaired and restored. 
Three costumed life-size figures were repaired and cleaned. Repairs 
and treatment were given to 57 shields from Borneo, New Guinea, 
and New Zealand, 21 shields from Africa, two shark- tooth lined 
swords from the Marshall Islands, a wooden paddle from the Solo- 
mons, as well as miscellaneous baskets, blowguns, spears, bows, and 
harpoons from various primitive peoples. Repairs were made on the 
Zufii Indian group, the Cocopa Indian family group, and the John 
Smith group. 

The heroic statue of Alexander Agassiz was assembled, repaired, 
and given a green bronze patina, and the original model for the Statue 
of Liberty, by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, was repaired for the 
National Collection of Fine Arts. A piece-mold and two bronzed 
casts were made of a bronze Chinese Tang mirror for the Freer Gallery 
of Art. Two duplicates in natural color of a Mayeria Maga were 
made for the department of biology. Adjustments on a figure in the 
Period Costume Exhibit were made for the division of history. 

Sr. Gregorio Hernandez de Alba, of the Museo Arqueol6gico de 
Colombia, was instructed in the technique of restoring and mending 
pottery. Sr. Anibal Buitron, from Quito, Ecuador, was given in- 
struction in the technique of restoring and mending pottery, mold- 
making, and the process of reproducing foliage in wax. 

All sculpture throughout the building was kept in repair. 

INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH 

To furnish the desired anthropological information requested by 
the various war agencies, the Ethnogeographic Board, and the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation has required considerable research on the 
part of the staff. Many specimens submitted to the department for 
identification through normal channels have required many man- 
hours. In addition, several manuscripts were prepared for publica- 
tion. An article entitled "Archaeological Explorations in the United 
States, 1930-1942," by the head curator, was published in Acta 
Americana. 

During the year 43 lots of specimens were assigned to the depart- 
ment for identifications and subsequently returned to the owners. A 
total of 647 letters were referred to the department requesting anthro- 
pological information. In addition, numerous identifications were 
made and information was supplied to the visitors coming directly to 
the ofl&ces of the various curators. 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 23 

Archeology. — The curator of archeology, Neil M. Judd, completed 
three additional chapters of his report describing the material culture 
resulting from excavations he directed at Pueblo Bonito in Chaco 
Canyon, N. Mex. Upon his return from a six-months' detail to the 
War Department, the associate curator, Dr. Waldo R. Wedel, resumed 
study of the archeological material which he excavated in Kansas 
during 1939-1940. Dr. Wedel's report ''Archeological Investigations 
in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri" (with an appendix on 
''Skeletal Remains" by Dr. T. Dale Stewart), was published during 
the year as a bulletin of the National Museum. 

Sr. Gregorio Herndndez de Alba, chief of the Archeological Section, 
Ministry of Education, Bogota, Colombia, and Sr. Anibal Buitron, 
of Quito, Ecuador, graduate student of anthropology and guest of 
the State Department, spent considerable time working on the archeo- 
logical collections and acquainting themselves with our museum 
methods. Thirteen lots of archeological material were received for 
examination and report and subsequently returned to the senders. 

Ethnology. — Through increased assignments in connection with 
temporary exhibitions and the general supervision of classifying and 
preserving specimens, little time remained for the curator, H. W. 
Krieger. Nevertheless his article "Island Peoples of the Western 
Pacific" was published as No. 16 of the Smithsonian Institution War 
Background Studies, and progress was made on the preparation of 
another number for the same series covering the ethnology of the 
outlying islands of the Japanese Empire, namely, Ryukyu Islands, 
Formosa, Karafuto, the Kuril es, and Bonin Islands. 

Assistance by the division in the research work of outside investi- 
gators has been primarily through facilities provided them for examin- 
ing specimens in the collections, the files of photographs, paintings, 
manuscripts and other documentary data, books from our library, 
and the indexed references of filed classified data. The demand by 
individual correspondents and visitors for photographs from our 
negative files and for new photographs of specimens is steadily in- 
creasing. This involves the assembling of appropriate pictures for 
selection, as well as of specimens to be photographed, and the identi- 
fication and captioning of the prints. 

Governmental departments and agencies used the division resources 
continuously throughout the year. Many classes of specimens were 
examined and sketched. The division library was combed for every 
scrap of information constructive to the war effort. 

The study of ceramics, silver, glass, and pewter is of never-failing 
interest to the public and involves time and some research on the part 
of the division staff in collecting data for visitors and compiling 
information for distribution to interested correspondents. Personal 
interest in the identification of privately owned collections of laces, 
embroideries, musical instruments, silver, pottery — in fact, the entire 
gamut of antiques — survives robustly as a war time hobby. Visitors 
and correspondents reveal an increasing interest in the care and 
preservation of treasured antiques and of family heirlooms. This 
frequently results in requests for advice regarding technical methods 
of repair and preservation. Inquiries regarding hallmarks on silver, 
and maker's marks generally, require considerable time in providing 
answers. It has been observed that during periods of war-loan drives 
requests for information as to suitable markets for family heirlooms and 



24 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

antiques markedly increase. The number of requests for available 
literature on the division's collections reveals a growing public demand 
that such literature be prepared for distribution as requested. 

Twenty-eight written reports were made pertaining to the exami- 
nation and identification of a total of 108 specimens for private 
individuals as compared with 18 written reports covering a total of 
41 specimens for the preceding year. 

Physical anthropology. — During his furlough for teaching at Wash- 
ington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo., studies were 
carried on by the curator. Dr. T. Dale Stewart, on age and sex changes 
in the human skeleton. This was possible because the skeletal 
collections preserved in the department of anatomy were obtained 
from, the dissecting rooms and therefore were accurately identified. 
The experience gained in handling this material is proving useful in 
studying the unidentified specimens in the division. In the course of 
this work the curator took the opportunity also of studying arthritic 
changes in the skeleton. The decision to study this subject is ex- 
plained by earlier observations on this feature in the Eskimo and 
Indian skeletons in the National Museum. Here again, since arthritis 
is closely correlated with age, it was hoped that the university's 
identified material would aid in the interpretation of the condition 
in the groups where exact age is unknown. In addition to his work at 
the University, several evenings were given to studying the Indian 
skeletons excavated in Illinois by Dr. P. F. Titterington, a St. Louis 
physician. Two cultural horizons are represented by these Indian 
remains, the Hopewell and the Jersey County bluff focus of the Mid- 
dle Mississippi. After his return to Washington Dr. Stewart pre- 
pared a paper on ''Filed Indian Teeth from Illinois," based also on 
material in the collection of Dr. Titterington. 

Up to the time of his death, Dr. Hrdlicka continued to analyze his 
data on the human tibia. The year also saw the publication of the 
seventh and last part of Dr. HrdliSka's ''Catalog of Human Crania 
in the United States National Museum Collections," this number 
covering the non-Eskimo people of the Northwest coast, Alaska, and 
Siberia. This series of catalogs in ail presents measurements of more 
than 7,500 non- White crania and has been described as constituting 
"one of the most valuable sources of basic antlu-opometric data in 
existence." 

The curator, Dr. Stewart, furnished a report on a skeleton discovered 
in Texas by Dr. Cyrus Kay and investigated in situ by Dr. Frank H. 
H. Roberts, Jr., of the Bureau of American Ethnology. This specimen 
afforded an opportunity to make a reconstruction of the skull from 
relatively few fragments. Aided by the Schwarz stereograph pos- 
sessed by the division, it v/as possible to approximate the original 
shape of this skull in a manner that would not otherwise have been 
possible. On several occasions the curator aided in the identification 
of skeletal remains brought in by agents of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation. In most of these cases the Bureau had received frag- 
ments of burnt bone obtained from furnaces or stoves where murder 
was suspected. 

DISTRIBUTION AND EXCHANGE OF SPECIMENS 

During the year the department distributed 242 items, including a 
plaster cast bust in natural color of a young man approximately 20 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 25 

years of age, to the Motion Picture Division, Photo Science Labora- 
tory, U. S. Naval Air Station ; the cast of a Neanderthal child recently 
discovered in Uzbekistan, Central Asia, loaned to Dr. Franz Weiden- 
reich; gifts to the William T. Hornaday Foundation and the Children's 
Museum in Washington, together with photographs and transfers to 
other government bureaus, schools, and colleges for exhibitions and 
educational purposes. 

NUMBER OF SPECIMENS UNDER DEPARTMENT 

On June 30, 1944, the department of anthropology was credited with 
a total of 711,917 cataloged specimens, which represents a net increase 
of 800. The following summary indicates the distribution of speci- 
mens as assigned to the various divisions and sections within the 
department: 

Archeology 479, 786 

Ethnology 182, 748 

Ceramics 7, 585 

Musical instruments 2, 414 

Period art and textiles 2, 254 

Physical anthropology 37, 130 

Total 711,917 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 
(Waldo L. Schmitt, Head Curator) 

With pardonable pride we may review this department's partici- 
pation in the present war, both in men and special knowledge or 
information furnished and in contributions to the scientific, esthetic, 
and economic life of the Nation. 

Dr. Remington Kellogg, curator of mammals, served as chairman 
of the American delegation to the International Conference on the 
Regulation of Whaling held in London during January. Also, at 
the request of the National Research Council, for the Board for the 
Coordination of Malarial Studies, and in collaboration with Maj. 
E. A. Goldman of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Dr. Kellogg prepared 
the first of a series of descriptive accounts of the kinds of monkeys 
that may carry malarial infections. Dr. Paul Bartsch, curator of 
mollusks, worked in close cooperation with a special committee of 
the National Research Council, in preparing a list of known or sus- 
pected molluscan intermediate hosts of human parasites. In con- 
nection with the preparation of survival manuals. Dr. L. P. Schultz, 
curator of fishes, and Earl D. Reid, scientific aide, demonstrated 
to members of the U. S. Navy the use of derris root for securing fish 
for food in emergencies. 

Dr. David H. Johnson, associate curator of mammals, commissioned 
lieutenant (jg), U. S. N., left in May for special service with a 
medical unit. S. Dillon Ripley and H. G. Deignan, assistant and 
associate curators of birds, respectively, were granted military 
furloughs for special missions. Dr. R. E. Blackwelder, associate 
curator of insects, also is still on furlough, in work concerned with 
the war. Dr. J. P. E. Morrison, assistant curator of mollusks, has 
been on a special detail concerned with work of the war since Feb- 
ruary. Seven entomological collaborators and specialists from the 
staff of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quanrantine located 
in the Museum have been serving with the Sanitary Corps of the 
Army in the Pacific area and on the home front for periods ranging 
from eight months to tvfo and a half years. 

Under the auspices of the Division of Cultural Cooperation of 
the Department of State, Ellsworth P. Killip, associate curator of 
plants visited Colombia during April, May, and June for consulta- 
tions and work in botanical centers in Bogota and Cali. 

All divisions carried as heavy a work load this year as last, furnish- 
ing special information on a great variety of subjects and indentifying 
a constant stream of animals and plants for various units of the armed 
forces and other agencies concerned both directly and indirectly 
with the war. Identifications and information centered around 
organisms involved in the transmission of disease, their distribution 
over the world, their life histories, their habits, and frequently the 
remedial measures that should be taken to overcome them. Other 

26 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 27 

inquiries concerned poisonous or otherwise noxious animals and plants, 
emergency foods, sources of new or increased food supplies, and 
strategic and substitute raw materials of plant or animal nature 
needed in prosecuting the war or sustaining civilian economy. 

All divisions in the department contributed to the Navy's booklet 
"Survival on Land and Sea," published in December, to '^A Field 
Collector's Manual in Natural History," recently issued by the 
Smithsonian, and to the preparation of nine mimeographed leaflets 
for distribution to correspondents inquiring about the animal and 
plant life of the Southwest Pacific. Austin H. Clark, curator of 
echinoderms, published "Iceland and Greenland," the fifteenth of 
the Smithsonian's War Background Studies, and in collaboration 
with Dr. E. H. Walker, assistant curator of plants, prepared material 
for the biological section of another volume of this series dealing with 
the Aleutian Islands. 

While on vacation in Illinois, Dr. R. I. Sailer, of the U. S. Bureau 
of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, working at the Museum, 
collected more than 2,000 specimens of Hemiptera, since added to 
the national collections. About 500 Diptera collected by Dr. M. T. 
James of the same Bureau during a vacation spent in Colorado also 
were added to our collections. Other specialists of the Bureau located 
at the Museum accomplished considerable collecting in the vicinity of 
Washington, D. C, assembling a surprisingly large amount of material, 
principally Ichneumonidae, Aleyrodidae, and miscellaneous Heterop- 
tera and Diptera. In addition to the Aleyrodidae taken in the field, 
other sizable collections of this family were obtained from the National 
Herbarium. Certain groups of preserved plants examined for speci- 
m.ens of Coccidae and Aleyrodidae in connection with an African 
problem yielded more species of Aleyrodidae than had been known 
previously from all Africa. 

ACCESSIONS 

The 760 accessions recorded for the year exceeded the previous 
year's total by 56. The number of specimens received was also 
greater, totaling 229,546 specimens in all. One accession, the Albert 
Mann Diatom Collection, received as a gift from the Carnegie Insti- 
tution of Washington, alone approximated 18,000 specimens of various 
kinds, chiefly mounted slides of diatoms. In combination with the 
existing national collections, this gives the National Museum one of 
the world's leading diatom collections. This and other important 
accessions are listed below by divisions. 

Mammals. — The largest single collection of mammals received in 
the last quarter of a century consisted of a large series, about 2,400 
specimens, of both small and large mammals from the departments 
of Atlantico, Magdalena, Bolivar, and Norte de Santander, Colombia, 
collected by Philip Hershkovitz, while holding the Walter Eathbone 
Bacon Traveling Scholarship of the Smithsonian Institution. Other 
smaller but also important accessions include the following: A 
beaked whale fetus measuring about 7 feet in length, the largest in the 
national collections, taken at Cape Hatteras, N. C, and presented by 
the North Carolina State Museum; three transfers from the Navy 
Medical School consisting of 24 mammals from Georgia and Florida, 
98 rats and mice, and 2 mongooses from the Pacific, of interest because 
they come from areas from which the Museum has practically no 



28 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

material; a skin and skull of a whitetailed deer from the Virgin 
Islands from Harry A. Beatty; 17 mice, 1 mole, and 1 muskrab from 
Grosse Isle, St. Lawrence River, Quebec, a hitherto um-epresented 
locality, from Capt. James A. Baker; 76 small mammals from Bolivia, 
of which 42 were collected by Dr. Raymond Gilmore and 34 were 
forwarded by Dr. Roberto Cors Medina, Servicio Nacional Antipes- 
toso. La Paz, Bolivia; 20 mammals from the National Zoological Park; 
624 mammals from various North American localities from the Fish 
and Wildlife Service, comprising the second largest accession of the 
year. 

Birds. — Aided by the W. L. Abbott fund of the Smithsonian 
Institution, M. A. Carriker, Jr., added 3,281 specimens from Colombia 
to the Neotropical bird collection, giving the Museum a reasonably 
complete representation of the bird life of northern Colombia. From 
Brother Niceforo Maria, of Bogota, gifts totaling 85 birds were re- 
ceived from parts of Colombia not visited by Carriker. Other addi- 
tions include the following: From the American Museum of Natural 
History 20 birds hitherto unrepresented in the study series, including 
a genus, Drepanoptila, new to the collection; from Lt. E. W. Pfeiffer, 
U. S. Marine Corps, 37 birds, including some forms new to the collec- 
tions, from Recife, Brazil; from Pvt. Plugh Birckhead, U. S. A., 13 
specimens from North Africa; from W. H. Phelps, of Caracas, Vene- 
zuela, two skins of a Venezuelan warbler, Myioborus miniatus hallux, 
of which one, the type, is placed on deposit. By exchange there came 
two skins of a Texas red -shouldered hawk, Buteo lineatus texanus, 
new to the collection, from the Museum of the Louisiana State 
University, and from the Departamento de Zoologica, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil, a specimen of the genus Coryphaspiza, also new to the collec- 
tion. Sixty-eight skeletons, nine skins, and three alcoholic specimens 
were received as a transfer from the National Zoological Park. 

Reptiles and amphibians. — As a result of exchanges undertaken 
with other institutions, a number of unrepresented, or poorly repre- 
sented, species of amphibians have been added to the collections as 
follows: From the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, para- 
types of 13 frogs and specimens of 125 frogs and 24 salamanders; 
from the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 
13 para types and 50 other specimens of frogs. As gifts there came 
356 salamanders, frogs, lizards, and snakes from the Great Smoky 
Mountain National Park from Lt. (jg) Willis King; about 400 
specimens of frogs from Jamaica, lizards and frogs from Honduras, 
from Dr. W. Gardner Lynn; about 60 turtles, lizards, snakes, and 
frogs from Philip Heishkovitz, incumbent under the Walter Rath- 
bone Bacon Traveling Scholarship; 28 frogs from the New York 
Zoological Park tln^ough Dr. William Beebe; and 69 turtles from the 
Tennessee Valley Authority through Dr. Clarence M. Tarzwell. 

Fishes. — Exchanges consummated during the year brought much 
valuable ichthyological material to the Museum, most of it new to the 
collections, as follows: From the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
321 CO types; from the American Museum of Natural History, four 
paratypes of Characidium marshi Breder; from the Chicago Natural 
History Museum, a para type of Gohiesox paradiseus Herre, besides 14 
other specimens of Venezuelan fishes. Other species new to the col- 
lections received as gifts include a cotype of Geophagus magdalenae 
Brind, from A. J. Deering; from Dr. William Beebe, holo types of the 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 29 

Venezuelan fishes Hypopomus beebei Scliultz and Corymb ophanes 
venezuelae Schultz; from Hugh H. litis, Priacanihus bonariensis 
and Sphaeroides pachygaster, together with 17 other well-knov/n 
species from off Cape Henry, Va.; and from the National Geo- 
graphic Society, collected by Luis Marden, three large specimens 
of the fresh-water shark Eulamia nicaraguensis from Lake Nicaragua, 
the type locality, new to the collections, and 173 other specimens 
mostly from Lakes Nicaragua and Managua and from El Salvador. 

Insects. — The vital and significant role played by entomology and 
entomologists in the war is reflected in the host of mosquitoes and 
mosquito larvae that have been received by the Museum from the 
Sanitary and Medical Corps of the armed forces, about 10,000 speci- 
men ts all told, comprising a collection of these forms from the south 
and southwest Pacific probably not equaled anywhere else in the 
world. Other important accessions of insects include the follovfing: 
More than 3,000 specimens of bees from all parts of the world, includ- 
ing some type material, presented by Dr. T. D. A. Cockerell; nearly 
4,000 butterflies of the family Lycaenidae, including 37 holotypes 
and 160 allotypes and paratypes, a gift from Yf. D. Field; 2,000 
Hemiptera, including 3 holotypes, from Dr. S. B. Fracker; comprehen- 
sive collections, chiefly insects collected by the donor, Maj. D. Elmo 
Hardy, in India; 57,000 miscellaneous insects selected by workers of 
the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine from material re- 
ceived for identification during the yea.r. 

Marine invertebrates. — Gifts of type material were received in seven 
of the year's accessions and include: Types of two new species of 
crayfish from Dr. Horton H. Hobbs; the type of a new species of 
rhizocephalid from Dr. E. G. Reinhard; holotypes and allotypes of 
10 new species of crayfishes from Dr. Rendell Shoades; holotypes, 
allotypes, and paratypes of six new species of ostracods from Dr. C. 
Clayton Hoif ; five slides of Foraminifera carrying paratypes of a new 
species from David Nicol; and the type and paratypes of a new poly- 
clad worm described by Dr. Libbie Hyman, from Dr. C. H. Edmond- 
son. A notable northward extension of the range of a tropical west 
American marine crab is represented by a specimen of Euphylax dovii 
taken in Monterey Baj^ and presented to the Museum by the Hopkins 
Marine Station through Dr. Rolf L. Bolin. Especially worthy 
of note is the fact that during the last year 6 accessions, totaling 
2,380 specimens, collected by men in the armed services have been 
donated by them to the national collections. For these, in many 
cases rare, specimens the Museum is indebted to the following: 
Maj. D. Elmo Hardy, San. C, U. S. A., India; Ensign Donald R. 
Johnson, Malaria Control, U. S. N. R., North Carolina; Sgt. Joel 
Martin, U. S. A., South Pacific; Sgt. Milo W. Williams, U. S. A., 
Mississippi; Sgt. James E. Hadley, U.S.A., New Guinea. 

Mollusks. — The Museum's collection of Mexican land shells was 
materially enhanced by three gifts, totaling 1,490 specimens, received 
from Miss Marie E. Bourgeois. Other Mexican material collected b}^ 
Dr. G. A. Cooper, of the department of geology, includes 1,145 shells 
and 67 brachiopods from Sinaloa, Sonora, and Veracruz. Dr. E. A. 
Andrews, who liad built up the largest known collection of Jamaican 
representatives of the family Neritidae, presented the entire 51,000 
specimens and accompanying 850 microscope slides to the Museum. 
Other notable accessions included 1,200 Trinidad shells from Samuel 

662679—45 3 



30 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

P. Archino; 31 specimens, representing 25 species, from Dr. R. G. 
Fennah, entomologist to the Agricultural Advisory Department of 
Trinidad; 84 Colombian mollusks donated by Brother Daniel, of 
Medellin; 150 marine shells from Mississippi, collected by Sgt. Milo 
W. Williams; and 238 land and fresh-water mollusks from the U. S. 
Public Health Service, through Dr. Eloise B. Cram. 

Helminths. — Valuable accessions in the form of gifts of type ma- 
terial came to the helminthological collections as follows: From Dr. 
Eduardo Caballero y C, three cotypes of Ochoterenella digiticauda 
and a cotype of Choledocystus intermedius ; from Lt. (jg) N. Z. 
Frayne, D. C., the type specimen of Choricotyle reynoldsi; from the 
Illinois State Academy of Science, types of Divhyllobothrium oblonga- 
tum and D. crenatum; from Dr. Harold W. Manter, three slides con- 
taining four specimens, including type and paratype of Hexostomo 
macranthum and type of Cyclocotyla hysteroncha; from Carl Cecil 
Riguey, nine slides of cotypes of Raillietina centuri. 

Corals. — Twenty recent corals, collected by Dr. Hollis Hedberg, 
vfere presented by Dr. John W. Wells, and 12 from Trinidad by Samuel 
P. Archino. 

Echinoderms . — Among the 89 echinoderms accessioned during the 
year were six specimens of an undescribed species from Hawaii re- 
ceived from Dr. Charles A. Ely, six paratypes of new ophiurans 
described by Dr. Hubert Lyman Clark, and two interesting abnormal 
starfish from Dr. Walter K. Fisher. 

Plants. — Though the actual number of botanical accessions was 
slightly less than last year, the 36,240 plants received included 2,000 
more than the year previous. Largest of the more important acces- 
sions was the Chickering Herbarium of approximately 10,550 speci- 
ments, presented by the Columbia Institution for the Deaf (Gallaudet 
College). This herbarium, formed by the late John White Chickering, 
Jr., mostly during the long period of his association with the college, 
was acquired some time after his retirement from teaching in 1900. 
It is a valuable addition to the National Herbarium, since it includes 
much historically important material belonging to collections pre- 
viously not at all or scantily represented; for example, the early col- 
lections of E. L. Greene in California, New Mexico, and Colorado, of 
J. F. Joor in Texas and Louisiana, and of T. J. Hale in Wisconsin. 
The collection is of special local interest also as containing Professor 
Chickering's own material from the District of Columbia, of v/hich a 
great deal was collected in plant habitats now destroyed. The larger 
part of the herbarium consists of mounted specimens. Other note- 
worthy gifts include 3,279 specimens from Venezuela, coming largely 
from little-known regions, presented by Prof. Henry Pittier; 2,052 
specimens of Venezuelan plants collected for the Museum hj the 
associate curator, E. P. Killip; about 2,500 specimens of bamboos 
from tropical America, mcluding an unusually good representation of 
vegetative structures important in the field identification of the 
bamboos, collected for the Museum by Dr. F. A. McClure, research 
associate in botany; 1,421 specimens from Colombia, collected by the 
donor, Oscar L. Haught; 539 specimens of grasses, mostly from 
Australia, presented by Mrs. Agnes Chase, custodian of grasses; about 
1,000 specimens from Virginia and West Virginia, presented by H. A. 
Allard; 261 specimens from the little explored west-central mountain 
region of Puerto Rico, containing a number of ferns hitherto not 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 31 

known from the Island, presented by F. H. Sargent; 315 specimens 
from Hawaii and the western United States, presented by Otto 
Degener; 538 specimens from Maryland, presented by E. C. Leonard, 
assistant curator; 430 specimens, mostly from Brazil and Panamd, 
presented by E. P. Killip, associate curator. 

The Albert Mann Diatom Collection, consisting of approximately 
8,000 slides of mounted specimens, in excess of 10,000 samples of 
crude diatom material, and over 200 negatives and 300 lantern slides, 
was formally accessioned on March 21 as a gift from the Carnegie 
Institution of Washington. The Albert Mann Collection is the most 
important single addition ever made to the nation's collection of 
diatoms, about doubling it in size and so extending its scope that it 
takes its place among the world's foremost collections of these 
organisms. 

INSTALLATION AND PRESERVATION OF COLLECTIONS 

In the course of the continuing task of cleaning and renovating the 
biological specimens on public display, occasion was taken to rearrange 
and otherwise improve the exhibition series of European, Australasian, 
Asiatic, and African mammals. By removing duplicates and deteri- 
orated specimens, mounting all arboreal animals on suitable limbs, 
removing all old wooden bases, grouping the animals in geographical 
sequence, sanding the floors of all cases, and, finally, washing all glass 
inside and out, the exhibits in the south hall, except for the labels, 
appear as newly installed. A lack of uniformity in style in the labels 
is to be remedied at the first opportunity. The Museum's exhibit of 
hummingbirds is being completely overhauled. New specimens are 
replacing old faded ones, and fluorescent lighting is being installed. 
Two large, handsomely mounted sharks, donated by Michael Lerner, 
were placed on exhibit in the fish hall on the second floor. A few 
specimens, such as the Neptune's cup sponge tor which many visitors 
inquire, were added to the invertebrate exhibit. 

Although any general overhauling or reconstitution of the depart- 
mental exhibits must await the end of the war, the curators in a series 
of discussions participated in by various members of their staffs and 
the chief taxidermist have drawn plans designed to make the most 
effective use of available space and existing exhibits. At the same 
time, models were constructed to present graphically the subjects 
chosen for visual demonstration. The proposed vertebrate exhibits 
were suggested by Dr. Wetmore, Dr. Herbert Friedmann, A. H. Clark, 
Dr. Doris Cochran, and Walter A. Weber, and modeled by Mr. 
Weber, Mr. Clark, and Dr. Cochi-an; the proposed invertebrate ex- 
hibits were planned and modeled by Mr. Clark and Dr. E. A. Chap in. 
Descriptive matter accompanying the models was prepared by Dr. 
Friedmann and Mr. Clark. 

Mammals. — In common with other divisions of the department, 
one of the most pressing problems is shortage of storage space. This 
condition hinders the orderly expansion of the study collections, adds 
to the burden of their care and study, and retards identification of 
new material. All the material is properly indexed but in a number 
of cases difficult of access. No special work was done on the alco- 
holic collections except the routine filling of jars and tanks with 
alcohol as necessary. 



32 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Birds. — The rearrangement, reidentification, and labeling of the 
study series of bu^d skins were continued, the following families being 
covered in part or whole: Eurylaemidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Furnar- 
iidae, Conopophagidae, Rhinocryptidae, Cotingidae, Pipridae, Tyran- 
nidae, Oxyruncidae, Phytotomidae, Pittidae, Xenicidae, Phileptit- 
tidae, Menuridae, Atrichornithidae, Alaudidae, Hirundinidae, Cam- 
pephagidae, Dicruridae, Oriolidae, Irenidae, Tetraonidae, Phasianidae, 
and Cracidae, comprismg 42 quarter-unit cases and 24 half-unit cases. 
During the first half of the year the associate curator, PI. G. Deignan, 
spent considerable time in checking over the collection for possible 
types and in correcting labels on specimens with insufficient or mis- 
leading data. The evacuated material has been checked, poisoned, 
and found to be in excellent condition. All material received during 
the year has been identified, at least to species, for catalog purposes. 
Substantial additions were made to the card catalog of published 
colored pictures of birds. Under the supervision of the curator. Dr. 
E. M. Hasbrouck, carrying on volunteer work in the division, and the 
scientific aide, J. S. Webb, began a complete rechecking of the col- 
lection of the birds of North America, listing especially all gaps in 
the series, not only of forms unrepresented, but of plumages (sex, 
age, and season) needed to round out the collection, and of forms 
of which no topotypical material was available. This information 
will facilitate arranging exchanges and suggesting other ways of filling 
these gaps in order to increase the usefulness of the collection. The 
study collection of the Fish and V/ildlife Service was extensively 
rearranged and expanded by its curator, Dr. J. W. Aldrich. 

Reptiles and amphibians. — The dried turtle collection, which was 
returned to the division following the death of Dr. Stejneger, has been 
entirely rearranged so that all specimens may be readily located. 
The card catalog being made of this collection is about half completed. 
The processing and cataloging of all incoming material are up to 
date. The backlog of unidentified material in the collection is being 
steadily reduced to an almost negligible figure. Exchanges involving 
duplicate specimens have not greatly relieved the overcrowded con- 
dition of the alcoholic stack, as the desired material received in return 
required about as much space as was occupied by the distributed 
duplicates. Four half days a month of the time of a laborer are 
devoted to the care of the evacuated alcoholic types of the depart- 
ment. These collections continue in first-class condition. 

Fishes. — The alcoholic storage in the division of fishes is about taxed 
to capacity, with the result that the 45,000 specimens transferred 
from the Fish and Wildlife Service last year are still on shelves in the 
offices. By rearranging shelves and family jars in the stack, enough 
space was gained to care for current accessions and for the anchovies 
worked up by Dr. Hildebrand. The 12 families of South American 
catfishes and the family Characinidae were also rearranged to accom- 
modate the intercalation of the 18,262 Venezuelan fishes worked up 
by the curator. The identification of unworked fishes accumulated 
from past years is being energetically continued. A careful estimate 
shows about 400,000 fishes either uncataloged and therefore unavail- 
able for comparison or as yet unincorporated in the classified series. 
Except for some large accessions, the general routine of identification, 
counting, cataloging, bottling, labeling, and filing and refiling of jars 
is current. Wooden barrels have been found to be unsatisfactory for 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 33 

holding fish and are being replaced with other containers as they be- 
come available. The present status of the collection is satisfactory 
except for the crowded condition of the stack. 

Insects. — Of the groups of Scarabaeidae and Coccinellidae in direct 
charge of the curator all the material of the genus Pinotus, family 
Scarabaeidae, was reidentified and placed in systematic order. The 
addition of a new double room on the second floor greatly increased 
the working facilities in the section of Hemiptera, maidng it possible 
to rearrange the cutworm moths, family Phalaenidae, in the space 
formerly occupied by the Hemiptera. Because of the heavy load of 
service work and lack of personnel, it has been impossible, for the 
present at least, to continue with the segregation of holotypes begun 
in 1942. Work on the Lepidoptera was discontinued before the end 
of the last fiscal year, and, although resumed early in 1944, it was 
again dropped when Mr. Field was inducted into the Army in De- 
cember. 

The Nearctic collections of Orthoptera are on the whole well 
arranged and identified, but the exotic material is largely unstudied. 
During the year, however, both the Nearctic and exotic Biattidae, 
Mantidae, and Phasmatidae v/ere put in good condition. The 
Dermaptera were studied and completely rearranged. All the order 
Embioptera was recently identified by Capt. E. S. Ross. The vfork- 
ing collections of Nearctic Odonata, Plecoptera, Megaloptera, Mecop- 
tera, and Neuroptera are moderately well named and for the most 
part reasonably well arranged. The Trichoptera and exotic Odonata 
are mostly un worked, the latter being unavailable for study. Parts 
of the alcoholic collections were gone over during the year and put in 
good order. 

The entire collection of coleopterous larvae, which is probably the 
best of its kind anywhere, is in excellent condition and on the whole 
very well arranged. Dr. A. G. Boving redetermmed and rearranged 
all the material belonging to the Anobiidae, and Dr. W. H. Anderson 
expanded, relabeled, and put the scarabaeid larvae in good working 
order and incorporated some large lots of identified Scolytidae (weevils) 
in the regular reference collections. Of the adult Coleoptera YV. S. 
Fisher rearranged the Bostrichidae of the world and accomplished a 
much-needed reorganization of the Anobiidae, Languriidae, Colydiidae 
and Melasidae. H. S. Barber rearranged several minor groups of 
Chrysomelidae and some portions of the Dermestidae, while L. L. 
Buchanan rearranged parts of many genera of Curculionidae. Dr. 
J. M. Valentine completely rearranged the West India^n Carabidae, as 
well as several larger genera of Elateridae. On the whole, the collec- 
tions of Coleoptera are in fahly good condition. Many parts, how- 
ever, are badly overcrowded and contain m.uch poorly identified 
material which needs to be reviewed and redetermined. There are 
also very many schmitt boxes of pinned beetles, partly identified but 
mostly unnamed, remaining to be transferred to Museum trays. 

Before his induction into the Army, W. D. Field completed the 
incorporation and rearrangement of the North American but- 
terfly collections into one unit, a difficult and praiseworthy accom- 
plishment. Work that Mr. Field had initiated on the Phalaenidae 
has now been taken up by H. M. Tietz, temporarily appointed 
for the purpose. Before his death August Busck completed the 
incorporation of the Engelhardt collection of Aegeriidae in the 



34 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

national collection, which was rearranged at the same time to i?onform 
with Engelhardt's revision of the family. The adult and the slide 
collections of the Oecophoridae were arranged by Carl Heinrich to 
conform with Clarke's recently published revision of the group. Mr. 
Heinrich and Mr. Capps began a separate collection of inflated larvae 
by withdrawing such specimens from the adult collections. This 
work was completed for the large family Phalaenidae, considerably 
facilitating larval identifications in that group. Segregating the 
larvae has saved the adult collections from unnecessary handling. 
The principal additions to the Lepidoptera collections have been in 
identified larvae. 

Austin H. Clark, curator of echinoderms, received during the year 
some hundreds of butterflies from New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, 
the West Indies, and northern South America, collected by ofiicers 
and enlisted men in the Army and Navy. A considerable number 
have already been identified and placed in the collection. The speci- 
mens are turned over to the Museum as gifts from the collectors. 

Moving the collections of Hemiptera to new quarters on the second 
floor provided needed room and more comfortable working space. Al- 
though this larger room seems to be rather well filled, space remains 
for considerable expansion. In spite of adding some of the identifi- 
cation work in the Homoptera to his already heavy workload, Dr. 
R. I. Sailer made appreciable improvements in the collection of 
Heteroptera, labeling and arranging it in as uniform a manner as pos- 
sible considering the diverse character of the material. The sub- 
family Triatominae, of considerable medical importance, was given 
special attention, the entire collection being rearranged and all un- 
determined material identified. The same treatment was accorded 
the family Cimicidae and the genus Solubea of the family Penta- 
tomidae following the completion of Dr. Sailer's revision of this genus. 
All doubtful Nearctic representatives of the family Miridae in the 
regular collections, some 500 specimens, were checked by Dr. Sailer 
and the identifications verified by Prof. H. H. Knight. The New 
World Tingidae were largely rearranged, as was also the greater part 
of the subfamily Corimelaeninae. The Old World Cydninae, pre- 
viously mostly unidentified and in old cork-bottomed drawers, were 
checked and transferred to trays. The Nearctic collection of this 
group was arranged in large part; and more than 1,500 specimens of 
the genus Euschistus of the family Pentatomidae were reidentified and 
arranged. The entire Fracker collection of about 2,300 specimens, 
700 specimens of the McAtee collection, and approximately 3,000 
specimens from miscellaneous sources were incorporated in the regular 
collection. The large quantity of unincorporated material, especially 
of the McAtee, Baker, and Ball collections, constitutes the principal 
curatorial task rem.aining in the Heteroptera. The work that remains 
to be done in incorporating the leaf hoppers and related groups, in- 
cluding the extensive and valuable Ball collection, is enormous. The 
aphid collection was so well reorganized last year that it has required 
little attention this year except for the incorporation of new material. 
The collection is well named and otherwise in very good condition, 
and almost certainly is the largest and best collection of aphids any- 
where in the world. Further improvements have been made in the 
aleyrodid collections by Louise M. Russell, who remounted unsatis- 
factory old type material as opportunity offered. Approximately 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 35 

100 lots of unmounted specimens were transferred from boxes and 
miscellaneous containers to the envelope collection of duplicate un- 
mounted material, and about 250 slides were rearranged in accordance 
with recent revisionary studies. All currently received material of 
the Aleyrodidae, Psyllidae, and Chermidae has been incorporated. 
The improvement in the condition of these collections during the past 
three years since Miss Russell has had charge of them is most en- 
couraging. 

The transfer of the Diptera collections to the second floor was of 
great help in the better organization of these collections as a whole. 
During the past year the principal emphasis naturally was on the col- 
lections of blood-sucking flies, especially the mosquitoes. As a result 
of Army and Navy directives, 22 shipments of mosquitoes were re- 
ceived from the Army and 29 from the Navy during the year from 
foreign countries, including Algeria, Liberia, Gold Coast, Ascension 
Island, French Morocco, Brazil, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, 
China, New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Fiji, and New Guinea. 
In addition to the m_aterial received through the Army Medical Mu- 
seum and the National Naval Medical Center, some Army and Navy 
oflGicers have submitted collections involving many thousands of speci- 
mens directly to Dr. Alan Stone. As such enormous collections can- 
not be put into proper condition and incorporated promptly with the 
limited staff available, the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine 
appointed K. E. Nevin to assist Dr. Stone with the preparation and 
arrangement of this material. Early in the year the large collection of 
fruit flies comprising the Tephritidae, also contained in Dr. Stone's 
assignments, was incorporated in the regular series. Current ma- 
terial, as well as the collection of Conopidae identified and returned by 
Sydney Camras, was incorporated in the muscoid collections. The 
collections of Muscoidea are in reasonably good order as far as Nearctic 
material of certain families is concerned, but on some large groups, 
particularly the Muscidae and Anthomyiidae, a great deal of work 
still needs to be done. One of the most serious deficiencies is in the 
Old World material. For most families of Muscoidea the Old World 
fauna is so inadequately represented that identification work is ex- 
tremely slow, much of it uncertain. 

Apart from the incorporation of currently received material, little 
was done during the year in the rearrangement of parasitic Hymenop- 
tera. R. A. Cushman, however, reorganized the North American 
material and part of the exotic collection in the course of his revision 
of Ophionini. Considerable old Philippine and Australian mxaterial 
in the Ichneumonidae was transferred from schmitt boxes to trays and 
roughly rearranged. As a result of Mr. Cushmian's interest in the 
classification of larvae, some worth-while additions were made to the 
collection of imm.ature stages of parasitic Hymenoptera. Of the acu- 
leate Hymenoptera nothing was done with the bees, except that J. C. 
Crawford handled those requiring immediate attention. The wasps 
were given some attention by Dr. H. K. Townes, who studied and 
arranged seven drawers of Philanthini and four drawers of Oxybelini, 
and also incorporated in the collection part of the large lot of Polistes 
that was reviewed and identified by Lt. Richard Bohart. 

The collection of Thysanoptera, though still relatively poor as 
far as the number of forms represented is concerned, is well organized. 
Only a small part of a considerable amoimt of material accumulated 



36 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

from many sources, both United States and foreign, was mounted, 
owing to shortage of preparatorial assistance. 

The collections of fleas and Anoplura were arranged in accordance 
with the latest classifications. The slide material of these two orders 
is in good condition, being very satisfactorily arranged, and nearly all 
specimens specifically identified. The mite collection, however, is in 
need of complete overhauling, but this is not possible until more slide 
storage is available. Some effort will have to be made soon to provide 
additional storage equipment. 

Marine invertebrates.- — The study series of marine invertebrates, 
both dry and alcoholic, is in excellent physical shape, and its arrange- 
ment and accessibility are being slowly but gradually improved. 
This year a considerable portion of our extensive collections of marine 
and fresh-water plankton was overhauled, relabeled where necessary, 
and arranged chronologicall}^ under collectors, chiefly vessels of the 
old U. S. Fish Commission and former U. S. Bureau of Fisheries: 
Grampus, Fish Hawk, and Albatross. 

Mollusks. — The division reports material arrearages in the prep- 
aration of specimens for intercalation in the study series, due partly 
to the prolonged absence of Dr. J. P. E. Morrison on special detail 
and partly to the fact that the great volume of work of this sort is 
more than the present staff can cope with unaided. There is enough 
of this work awaiting attention to warrant the full-time employment 
of a preparator for several years. 

Helminths, corals, echinoderms. — These collections continue in good 
shape. The helminths at present are being cared for at the research 
station at Beltsville, Md. The corals of the United States Exploring 
Expedition were removed from exhibition during the year and re- 
turned to storage. Considerable progress was made in the identifi- 
cation of unnamed echinoderms; 8,226 identified specimens were 
cataloged and incorporated in the study collection. 

Plants. — During the year 14,650 specimens of flowering plants 
and ferns were moujited, wholly by adhesive straps. In addition, 
4,711 specimens were repaired and 442 photographs and 5,663 typed 
or printed descriptions and reference labels mounted on herbarium 
sheets. Specimens stamped, recorded, and ready for the Herbarium 
total 14,539, leaving only about 1,000 still unstamped. An accumu- 
lation of more than 30,000 specimens is still av/aiting mounting. 
For incorporation in the Herbarium there are on hand 60,000 mounted, 
stamped, and recorded specimens, including sheets bearing descrip- 
tions. This year the number of specimens incorporated in the 
Herbarium about equaled the newly mounted material. The identi- 
fication of phanerogams from continental America by E. P. Killip 
and C. V. Morton continues to be successfully combined with the 
work of incorporating material in the Herbarium family by family, 
but both tasks were greatly retarded by lack of curatorial assistance. 
A considerable number of ferns were also distributed. Dr. E. H. 
Walker incorporated an accumulation of Old World specimens and a 
large number of reference sheets and mounted descriptions of Philip- 
pine and Old World types in the collection. The segregation of type 
specimens from the general herbarium was continued in the course of 
general distribution and rearrangement of the collection. The type 
herbarium now consists of 43,610 specimens, of which 776 specimens 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 37 

segregated during the current year have not yet been placed in the 
storage outside of Washington. 

As in previous years, E. C. Leonard cared for the cry ptogamic col- 
lections, devoting about one day a week to them, giving special 
attention to mosses of the Washington region. The C. G. Lloyd 
mycological collections, in charge of John A. Stevenson, honorary 
curator, continue important as a reference series of the larger fungi 
of the world and of the wood-rotting forms in particular. There 
are over 1,500 type specimens, as well as many others authenticated 
by comparison with the original types at Kew, Paris, and other 
mycological centers. 

Taxidermist shop. — Mention has been made of the overhaul and 
improvement of the European, Australasian, Asiatic, and African 
exhibition series of mammals under the supervision of W. L. Brown, 
chief taxidermist. This rather large undertaking involved cleaning 
162 mounted mammals, repairing 33, painting 60, and placing 66 on 
branches. The hummingbird exhibit is under renovation tlirough 
placing the birds on a panel covered v/ith monk's-cloth, instead of 
perching them on wooden tees placed on glass shelves. The true 
color of the birds will be better revealed by the use of fluorescent 
lighting. Nine mounted heads, a snow leopard, 20 South American 
hawks, 1 snow goose, and 2 large sharks were placed on exhibition. 
Sixteen groups of reptiles and amphibians on exhibit were completed 
by the addition of as many specimens. Six of these specimens were 
painted by Dr. Doris M. Cochran. All mounted birds in the District 
collection and six for the Army Signal Corps were cleaned, as well as 
four cases of specimens in the Smithsonian index exhibit and 49 
mounted heads. Specimens mounted, or of v/hich the mounting was 
nearly completed, during the year comprised 6 mammals and 43 birds. 
Two hares and eight birds were mounted for a Navy survival exhibit. 
Eight mammals removed from former exhibits were dismounted for 
return to the study collections, two for remounting. Accessories 
were completed for five snake groups and a number of leaf molds and 
a quantity of leaves were made. Five snakes and one newt were 
reproduced in celluloid, as was the head of a Nicaraguan fresh- 
water shark; considerable progress was made on the celluloid repro- 
duction of the nearly 25-foot, 305-pound reticulated python received 
from the National Zoological Park. This was skinned after molding. 
The miniature work included four models, nine latex molds, and the 
placing of models of an African elephant and a hippopotamus on 
bases. 

For the study collections 370 mammal skins were cleaned, made 
up, or degreased, and one large mammal was skinned. For the orni- 
thological study series 102 birds were skinned and made up, and 46 
others cleaned, degreased, or made up. 

The osteologists had a busy year, cleaning 152 skeletons of mammals, 
2,885 skulls, 45 sets of leg bones, 10 sets of seal and porpoise flippers, 
and 14 lots of miscellaneous bones; 8 skeletons were roughed out and 
6 large skeletons, 2 skulls, and 3 leg bones degreased. The skeletal 
work on birds comprised 62 cleaned, 45 roughed out, 1 degreased, and 
1 set of skull and leg bones cleaned. A jewfish skeleton and an electric- 
eel skull were also cleaned. 

Instruction and training in making up skins for scientific purposes 
were given to four individuals, one a member of the Museum staff 



38 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM 

in preparation for a field trip; a fifth person was given instruction in 
the molding of feet. Some assistance was also rendered the War 
Department in connection with insignia design. 

INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH 

Mammals. — The curator. Dr. Remington Kellogg, spent part of 
September at the Museum of Com^parative Zoology at the request of 
the director, Dr. Thomas Barbour, examining a collection of cetacean 
remains from Polk County, Fla. His report, ^Tossil Cetaceans from 
the Florida Tertiary," was completed and submitted to Dr. Barbour 
in December for publication. During January Dr. Kellogg served 
as chairman of the American Delegation to the International Con- 
ference on the Regulation of Whaling held at London. Between 
sessions he studied at the British Museum (Natural History) in prep- 
aration of a report on the recent porpoises. At the request of the Divi- 
sion of Medicine of the National Research Council, he also undertook 
a series of descriptive accounts of the monkeys used by investigators 
of the Board for the Coordination of Malarial Studies. In collabora- 
tion with Maj. E. A. Goldman, of the Fish and Wildlife Service, the 
first of these accounts, a revision of the spider monkeys of the genus 
Atehs, has been completed. As in previous years, the curator parti- 
cipated in a number of interdepartmental conferences related to the 
International Agreements for the Regulation of Whaling. Gerrit S. 
Miller, Jr., research associate, continued work on the revision of his 
list of ''North American Recent Mammals." 

Birds. — The curator, Dr. Herbert Friedmann, completed part 10, 
the gallinaceous birds, of Ridgway's unfinished monograph, ''The 
Birds of North and Middle America," and began the revision of his 
own previously completed manuscript on the falconiform birds. In 
this connection, he published three papers on as many genera of game 
birds, describing new forms. His study of the E. G. Holt Venezuelan- 
Brazilian collection was continued. He also published a paper on 
some West African honey-guides and wrote a number of reviews of 
recent ornithological literature. He is cooperating with Robert T. 
Moore, of the California Institution of Technology, and Ludlow 
Griscom, of the Museum of Comparative Zodlog}^, on a checklist of 
the birds of Mexico. The curator gave some ivaiQ to work on the 
fifth edition of the checklist of North American birds to be published 
by the American Ornithologists' Union. H. G. Deignan, associate 
curator, completed his monograph on "The Birds of Northern Thai- 
land," now in press, and carried on his researches into the records and 
catalogs of the collections, uncovering unexpected types and correcting 
many errors, until he left on special service concerned with the war 
in January. Two of his papers on Thai ornithology, an obituary 
notice of an American bird student, Russell Richardson II, and a 
paper on Burma for the Institution's Yvar Background Studies were 
published during the year. Despite his absence from the Museum 
on war work, S. Dillon Ripley, assistant curator, published two short 
papers, one on a Bornean cuckoo, Rhinortha, and one on a wild cross 
in ducks. Dr. Wetmore studied a number of lots of fossil bird bones 
and published seven papers on them, one of them a remarkable and 
unusually complete terrestrial vulture of a nev/ family from Wyoming. 
Unlike most fossil birds, this one was complete enough to warrant 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 39 

an attempted restoration of its appearance made by Walter A. Weber. 
Dr. Wetmore also published a number of short notes on North Amer- 
ican birds and devoted a large part of his research time to the manu- 
script of the fifth edition of the A. O. U. Check List of North American 
Birds. His report on ''A Collection of Birds from Northern Guana- 
caste, Costa Rica," published by the Museum, appeared only a few 
days after the close of the year. Dr. E. M. Hasbrouck, volunteer 
worker in the division, published a paper on the status of the European 
widgeon in North America. 

Reptiles. — The associate curator, Dr. Doris M. Cochran, made 
further substantial progress in her studies on South American frogs. 
She also undertook to expand her popular handbook on ^'Poisonous 
Reptiles," No. 10 of the Smithsonian AVar Background Studies, into a 
treatise on ''Dangerous Reptiles," nonpoisonous as well as poisonous, 
for the Appendix to the Smithsonian Annual Report. She also con- 
tributed a section on the preservation of reptiles and amphibians to the 
Institution's field collector's manual, and prepared copy for a mimeo- 
graphed circular on the reptiles and amphibians of the South Pacific 
Islands. 

Fishes. — The curator. Dr. L. P. Schultz, made notable progress with 
his studies on the extensive material that he collected in Venezuela, 
finishing a report on the Characinidae, in press at the close of the year, 
and completing manuscript for the families Gymnotidae, Cichlidae, 
Cyprinodonfcidae, Dasyatidae, Tetraodontidae, and Centropomidae. 
Dr. Schultz's report on ''The Catfishes of Venezuela" was published in 
February in the Museum Proceedings. Dr. Robert R. Miller, asso- 
ciate curator, described two new species of fishes from the northwest 
coast of Mexico, and undertook a study of the Chinese fishes collected 
by Dr. D. C. Graham some years ago. 

Insects. — The curator, Dr. E. A. Chapin, made further progress with 
the manuscript embodying the results of his investigations on the genus 
Hippodamia and continued work on other sections of the Coccineilidae. 

In the Orthoptera and neuropteroid insects. Dr. H. K. Townes 
completed for publication a genotype catalogue of the Dermaptera, 
before undertaking other studies now in progress involving the classifi- 
cation of the group. One of these studies is a revision of the Nearctic 
species of Dermaptera, of which only 18 are known at present; another 
is a generic classification of the order. Dr. Townes has found good 
bases for the recognition of 4 families and discovered a number of new 
characters that materially facilitate generic grouping within the 
families. 

In the Coleoptera, Dr. A. G. Boving continued work on the larvae of 
the family Anobiidae and also prepared preliminary keys for the 
generic identification of larvae of the Cerambycinae and Lamiinae, 
thus expediting their identification. Dr. W. H. Anderson continued 
work on curculionid larvae and completed the preliminary descriptions 
of the genera for which the larvae are known. His work on larvae has 
been much curtailed since taking over work on the adults of the 
Scolytidae following the death of Dr. M. W. Blackman. Special 
attention was given to various structures requiring slide preparation 
and 172 permanent slide mounts have been completed. New charac- 
ters were discovered that materially assist the definition of hitherto 
diflScult species. W. S. Fisher continued his study of the North 
American Anobiidae, placing emphasis upon the groups containing 



40 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

North American forms of economic importance. Further, very satis- 
factory progress has been made on a revision of the North American 
Bostrichidae, a group containing many species causing serious damage 
to finished lumber, lead cables, and stored vegetable products. 

In continuation of his detailed taxonomic studies on the white- 
fringed beetles, L. L. Buchanan completed statistical analyses of more 
than 1,200 specimens representing all the main populations of the 
leucoloma complex now occurring in the United States. Dr. J. M. 
Valentine's research was confined almost wholly to the Elateridae of 
the genus Drasterius and closely allied groups. Dr. Valentine himself 
prepared all the illustrations for this paper and, as most of the specific 
descriptions have been written, it should be completed before the end 
of next year. As a contribution to a volume of scientific papers which 
will be published in honor of Professor Petrunkevitch, of Yale Uni- 
versity, Dr. Valentine completed a research study begun several years 
ago presenting certain aspects of speciation through an analysis of a 
restricted cave fauna of Carabidae. 

Tv/o parts of Dr. K. E. Blackwelder's "Checklist of the Coleopterous 
Insects of Mexico, Central America, the ^'esfc Indies, and South 
America" were published during the year by the Museum (Bulletin 
185). 

Virtually no research could be conducted on the Lepidoptera be- 
cause of reduced personnel and the marked increase of serWce activi- 
ties. Some attention, however, was given to the classification of 
lepidopterous larvae begun by Carl Heinrich and H. "\'V. Capps two 
years ago and to certain segregates of the Phycitidae, a revision of 
which has also been under way for several years. One of the division's 
artists devoted the greater part of her time to the preparation of more 
than 200 detailed drawings for this revision. 

In the Heteroptera a revision of the pentatomid genus Solubea was 
published by Dr. K. I. Sailer, who also nearly completed a manuscript 
on the North American species of Cydnidae of the genus Pangaeus. 
Extensive revisions were also made in his manuscript on the cydnid 
subfamily Coreimelaeninae. TVhile reorganizing the collection of 
Triatominae, an annotated card catalog was compiled. As this is 
undoubtedly the most complete index available anywhere, it is pro- 
posed to prepare it for publication at the first opportunity. Inter- 
mittent work has been done on the aphid genus Macrosiphum. As the 
group is enormous, containing many difficult sections, this undertaking 
cannot be completed short of four or five years at the present rate of 
progress. Research on the genus Aleuroglandulus of the Aleyi'odidae 
begun last fiscal year was completed and published, and a critical 
study of certain very difiicult sections of the genus Aleuroplatus was 
submitted for publication. 

In the Diptera, because of the war, all Dr. Alan Stone's time was 
given to service work on mosquitoes. Acting on a suggestion coming 
from Navy sources, Dr. M. T. James devoted himself to the prepara- 
tion of a manual for the identification of Diptera involved in human 
myiasis. Most of the required new illustrations were completed by 
one of the Bureau's artists, and about half of the manuscript written. 
A little time ^v as given to the study of the anthomyiid genus Cordilura. 
C. T. Greene gave special consideration to certain species of the 
groups of Agromyza frequently received for determination, and in 
which definite identification have hitherto beep impossible. A study 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 41 

of both larvae and adults revealed that certain segregates in those 
complexes can be set off rather sharply and definite names assigned, 
a matter of considerable importance in connection with the identifi- 
cation of the abundant material received from the Division of Foreign 
Plant Quarantines. 

In the Hymenoptera research work on the Ichneumonidae was 
confined largely to an attempt to complete the generic revision of the 
tribe Ophionini. In this connection, the species of the included 
genus Enicospilus, as represented in Hav/aii, were revised and the 
resulting paper submitted for publication. Some work was accom- 
plished and published on the ichneumonid genus Exentrus. For 
several years past A. B. Gahan has given most of the time available 
for re visionary work to developing a sound family classification of 
the Chalcidoidea, making encouraging progress with the problem 
during the current year. 

Working on Thysanoptera, J. C. Crawford has made further 
progress in checking and correcting the large manuscript originally 
prepared by Dudley Moulton on the North American Frankliniella 
while temporarily employed b}^ the Division of Insect Identification. 
Mr. Crawford also prepared and published a paper describing a new 
genus and species having significance as a virus vector in South 
America. He also continued his sturly of the species Sericoihrips 
occurring in the eastern part of the United States. 

The tim^e that Dr. H. E. Evv^ing was able to devote to research work 
on ectoparasites was given over to a study of the trombiculid mites 
(chiggers) . 

The morphologic study on "The Feeding Apparatus of Biting and 
Disease-carrying Flies/' by R. E. Snodgrass, published by the Smith- 
sonian Institution in 1943, aroused such interest that not only was 
the first edition soon exhausted, but a demand was created for a 
consideration of the subject on a broader basis. Mr. Snodgrass 
therefore undertook and completed a larger paper entitled *'The Feed- 
ing Apparatus of Biting and Sucking Insects Affecting Man and 
Other Animals.'' This extension of the earlier paper covers, besides 
the Diptera, the Mallophaga, Anoplura, Siphonaptera, and Hemip- 
tera, with an enlarged introductory section on the feeding mechanism 
of the cockroach and notes on the relation of the various species to 
disease. During the year Miss M. M. Carpenter completed a bibli- 
ography of biographies of entomologists based on a paper of the same 
title published many years ago by J. S. Wade, Bureau of Entom.ology 
and Plant Quarantine. She also continued to accumulate material 
for an entomological bibliography of the West Indies. 

Marine invertebrates. — The curator, Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt, com- 
pleted more or less urgently needed identifications of decapods and 
gave some attention to a revision of the American lithodid crabs. 
Clarence R. Shoemaker, associate in zoology, since his retirement as 
associate curator on March 31, 1944, has given virtually his entire 
attention to the revision of the amphipod fauna of the east coast of 
North America. A study of the genus Unicola is nearing completion. 

In connection with his studies on the bryozoan collections. Dr. 
R. S. Bassler reports that, although the collection of recent Bryozoa 
has necessarily not received as much attention as usual during the 
past year, he nevertheless has been able to prepare and identify three 



42 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

collections of Arctic material and a fair number of miscellaneous 
specimens from other parts of the world. 

This year Dr. J. A. Cushman, collaborator in Foraminifera, gave 
special attention to well and surface samy)les from the Atlantic and 
Gulf Coastal Plain regions, and completed monograpliic studies of 
several foraminiferal genera, in part published and in part in press, 
as well as certain faunal studies of recent shallow -water Foraminifera 
of New England, and various Eocene and Cretaceous foraminiferal 
faunas from type localities. 

Mollusks. — The curator of mollusks, Dr. Paul Bartsch, in collabo- 
ration wdth Dr. Carlos de la Torre, worked on their monograph on 
the Cuban urocoptid land mollusks, and about two-thirds completed 
his monographic study of the East Pacific recent and fossil mollusks 
of the family Turridae. The curator and the associate curator, Dr. 
H. A. Rehder, continued work on their joint project on the Hawaiian 
gastropod mollusks, while Dr. Rehder also did considerable research 
on the West Atlantic marine mollusks as called for by inquiries from 
various sources. These studies furnished material for six published 
papers, two jointly with the curator. Tw^o papers based on studies 
completed by the assistant curator, Dr. J. P. E. Morrison, were also 
published during the year. 

Echinoderms . — The curator, Austin H. Clark, completed Part 4 of 
Bulletin 82, "A Monograph of the Existing Crinoids," except for 
assem.blmg the plates. The account of the large family Thalasso- 
metridae is in final form, and that of the smaller family Charitome- 
tridae was nearly finished. The id 3ntification of the echinoderms 
collected by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service trawler Pelican was 
almost completed, except for the Holothuroidea, and work begun on 
the Ophiuroidea of the Albatross Hawaiian Expedition of 1902. A 
paper on a new fossil comatulid from the Cretaceous of Cundinamarca, 
Colombia, was prepared and submitted for publication. 

Plants. — Research by members of the staff centered largely on 
activities directly associated with the war, and on extensive South 
American collections. In working over this South American ma- 
terial, which includes large recent collections, as well as a considerable 
accumulation of specimens received for identification in the past, the 
associate curator, E. P. Killip, assembled much valuable data for the 
proposed "Flora of Colombia," while making progress on other 
monographic studies, notably the Papilionaceae of Colombia and the 
amaryllidaceous genus Bomarea. Critical studies of special groups 
from the northern Andean region were carried on by the curator, 
Dr. W. R. Maxon, who published descriptions of several new ferns; 
by the assistant curator, C. V. Morton, who published an account 
of the Solanaceae and prepared revisions of the genera Monopyle and 
Smithiantha of the family Gesneriaceae and descriptions of various 
new species of Malpighiaceae; and E. C. Leonard, assistant curator, 
who has in preparation a synopsis of the family Acanthaceae as 
represented in Colombia. In addition, Mr. Leonard described three 
new species of Acanthaceae from Panama and completed a paper on 
the Acanthaceae of the Sonoran Desert, while Mr. Morton submitted 
for publication a critical review of the Mexican phanerogams de- 
scribed by the late Marcus E. Jones and continued the preparation 
of his synoptical catalog of Cuban plants. Dr. E. H. Walker, assistant 
curator, prepared a revision of the genera Distyliurn and Sycopsis 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 43 

(Hamamelidacea) . Mrs. Agnes Chase, custodian of grasses, con- 
tinued studies of South American grasses, as well as those of Papua 
and Australia. Dr. F. A. AicClure, research associate in botany, is 
engaged in a study of American bamboos, largely on the basis of 
material assembled through recent field work. 

Diatoms. — The associate curator, Paul S. Conger, continued study 
of the diatoms of the Presidential Cruise of 1938 and of those of the 
Atlantic coast. He prepared for publication the description of a new 
method for making micrometric rulings on glass. Additional informa- 
tion on a general account of diatoms was assembled, and experiments 
on new methods and materials of microtechnique pertaining to diatom 
preparation continued. 

The number of lots of specimens sent in with requests for identi- 
fication were as follows: Mammals, 43; birds, 32; reptiles and am- 
phibians, 13; fishes, 32; insects, 107; marine invertebrates, 51; mol- 
lusks, 62; corals, 1; plants, 254; diatoms, 5; a total of 600, calling for 
the identification of approximately 18,388 specimens. The number 
of requests for information made in person, by letter, or by telephone, 
other than identifications, always greatly exceeds the requests for 
identifications alone. The division of insect identification of the 
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine received 33,396 lots of 
insects for determination, from^ which 57,466 specimens were identi- 
fied. Of this total 1,494 specimens, representing 835 lots, were de- 
termined in the division of insects. 

DISTRIBUTION AND EXCHANGE OF SPECIMENS 

Duplicate zoological specimens distributed to museums, colleges, 
high schools, and similar institutions, government agencies, and private 
individuals aggregated 82 transactions, 3,998 specimens; 1,834 speci- 
mens were sent out in exchange, 1,756 as gifts and 408 as transfers 
to military and naval centers. The 8,656 plants distributed were sent 
out as exchanges to 58 institutions and correspondents. In addition, 
4 photographs, 1 drawing, and 1 painting were sent out in exchange; 
and 86 photographs and 6 drawings were distributed as transfers. 

NUMBER OF SPECIMENS UNDER THE DEPARTMENT 

The summary of specimens given below is based on the numbers 
estimated for the previous fiscal year, with the addition of the speci- 
mens accessioned during the present year and the deduction of speci- 
mens removed during the same period. The figures of the earl}^ 
estimates were approximate and have been revised from time to 
tim^e. No estimate has as yet been made for the corals, nor does the 
number of plants include the lower cryptogams and duplicates. In 
several of the divisions lots consisting of minute organisms are fre- 
quently counted as single specimens, though they may contain hun- 
dreds and even thousands of individuals, the enumeration of which 
could serve no useful purpose. 

As the result of a typographical error, the number of helminths in 
the collection was given in the annual report for 1933 as 144,255 when 
it should have been 41,255. Therefore the count has been revised. 
It now corresponds to the actual number of helminthological catalog 
entries, 34,828. Although any one of these entries may embrace 
from one to several thousand specimens, each has been considered as 



44 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

representing a single lot and is counted as one specimen as in the case 
of minute organisms referred to immediately above. 

Mammals 246, 302 

Birds : 

Skins 289, 078 

Alcoholics 10, 076 

Skeletons 18, 128 

Eggs 90,424 

407, 706 

Reptiles and amphibians 128, 145 

Fishes 1, 300, 639 

Insects 5, 547, 707 

Marine invertebrates 1, 047, 152 

Mollusks 3,071,747 

Helminths 34, 828 

Echinoderms 177, 246 

Plants 1, 863, 000 

Diatoms 45, 000 

Total 13,869,472 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

(R. S. Bassler, Head Curator) 

The past year was saddened by the death of two esteemed members 
of the geological staff, Dr. Charles E. Resser, cm'ator of mvertebrate 
paleontology and paleobotany, and Dr. E. O. Uhich, associate in 
paleontology. Dr. Resser, who will long be remembered for his studies 
in Cambrian paleontology, died on September 18, 1943, after an illness 
of less than a month, in the prime of life and scientific productivity. 
Doctor Ulrich, world authority on American Paleozoic stratigraphy 
and paleontology, was busy with research work at the Museum until 
his eighty-seventh birthday, when his health failed, and several weeks 
later, on February 22, 1944, he passed away. 

Curator ¥/illiam F. Foshag was still occupied in Mexico \vith his 
supervisory work in surveys for strategic minerals, and Associate 
Curator C. Lewis Gazin continued on military detail in the United 
States Army. 

Despite these personnel losses the cm*atorial work was carried on, 
and the war activities and good-will program of the Smithsonian 
Institution were continued as heretofore. Dr. G. A. Cooper com- 
pleted his survey of Illinois Devonian oil strata and continued field 
and laboratory studies of the geology of northwestern Sonora, the 
latter in collaboration with the Instituto Geol6gico de Mexico. A 
month and a half of field work in Sonora, in association with his 
Mexican colleague, Ing. A. R. V. Arellano, resulted in good paleon- 
tological collections and considerable increase in knowledge of the 
structure and stratigraphy of the area. 

Field work in vertebrate paleontology, usually our best som'ce of 
striking exhibition material, was necessarily restricted this year. In a 
short trip to the nearby Calvert Cliffs on Chesapeake Bay, Curator 
C. W. Gilmore and his assistants had the good fortune to excavate a 
sirenian skeleton of Miocene age, a fossil sea-cow over 10 feet long. 
In the laboratory the work accomplished on the study and exhibition 
series of fossil vertebrates compares favorably with other years. 
The actual number of specimens received in all divisions of the depart- 
ment, as anticipated, was the smallest for several years. 

Information supplied by the staff* and the use of the collections in 
furnishing necessary data to research workers and representatives of 
the war agencies reached a new high mark. Finally, the many ^dsiting 
servicemen, representing a clear-cut cross section of American life, 
have been so frank in their questions and remarks on the exhibits that 
much of value for future work has been learned. Their comments have 
been of particular value in revealing the most appealing type of exhibi- 
tion label, namely, a placard explaining in several lines of rather 
large black type the essential features of each display case. 

Associate Curator G. Arthur Cooper was promoted to the curator- 
ship of the division of invertebrate paleontology and paleobotany on 

662679—45 1 45 



46 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

October 2, 1943, and Dr. John B. Reeside, Jr., of the Geological Sur- 
vey, was appointed custodian of the Mesozoic collections on June 19, 
1944. 

ACCESSIONS FOR THE YEAR 

Appro ximateljT' 3,466 specimens listed under 123 accessions were 
receiving by the department during the year, in contrast with 133 
accessions and 9,725 specimens for 1942-43. Listed by divisions, these 
are distributed as follows: Mineralogy and petrology, 74 accessions 
(373 specimens); invertebrate paleontology and paleobotany, 41 
accessions (3,076 specimens); vertebrate paleontology, 8 accessions 
(17 specimens). 

Mineralogy and petrology. — Income from the Roebling fund, pro- 
viding for the purchase of important gems and minerals, was used this 
year to procure 31 gem stones of rare quality and high exhibition value. 
Of these the following deserve special mention: Nine ziicons from 
Indo-China, ranging in weight from 9.4 to 118.05 carats, and white, 
blue, brown, yellow, and green in color; a Madagascar pink morganite 
of 56 carats; 6 spinels from Ce3don, 3.2 to 22.05 carats in weight, and 
purple, red, pink, oi'ange, and blue in color; a 4-rayed star garnet from 
Emerald Lake, Idaho; 4 tourmalines of yellow, red, and pink colors, 
from Brazil, averaging 35 carats; a black star spinel ifrom Ceylon, 6.61 
carats; and a cat's-eye emerald of 4.56 carats from Colombia. In- 
eluded also were a blue fire Mexican opal of 55.98 carats and a Brazilian 
green beryl of 113.9 carats. 

Two other gems of particular interest are an aquamarine of 15.3 
carats from Idaho, donated by Arthur Montgomery, and a beautiful 
pink Brazilian topaz of 34.1 carats, secured through the Frances Lea 
Chamberlain fund. 

Two mineral accessions were credited to the Eoebling fund, namely, 
four unusually formed quartz crystals from Dona Ana County, N. 
Mex., and eight transparent colorless scheelites from Kernville, Calif. 

Minerals secured through the Canfield endowment fund embraced 
two specimens — a libethenite (basic copper phosphate) from Yering- 
ton, Nev., and a covellite (copper sulphide) from Butte, Mont. 

In spite of the relatively few minerals obtained during the past year 
as compared with normal times, a fair number is recorded as a result 
of the associate curator's efforts to interest persons to collect for us. 
Once the importance of the Museum's collection is realized, such 
persons are likeW to continue an interest in its growth. Important 
minerals added to the collection are given below. 

From Minas Gerais, Brazil, there came a fine crystal of muscovite 
mica from Espera Feliz, donated by Fioravanti Padula, and a pseudo- 
morph after either columbite or polycrase from Municipio of Juiz de 
Fora, gift of Jose Ferraz Simoes; attractive specimens of pitchblende, 
malachite after heterogenite and some cassiterite from the Belgian 
Congo, as well as a good example of microlite from New Mexico, were 
presented by Dean F. Frasche. A number of specimens representing 
weinschenkite (yttrium phosphate) from Kelly Bank, Vesuvius, Va., 
were transferj-ed by the Geological Survey. This is the first occur- 
rence of this rare mineral in our country. The zeolite series was 
increased by the gift of W. Harold Tomlinson of natrolite, chabazite, 
and related minerals, from the locality of Perkiomenville, Pa. An 
interesting exhibition specimen, a limonite group pseudomorph after 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 47 

siderite from Eoxbury Station, Conn., was presented by Mr. and 
Mrs. Edward J. Marcin. Garn A. Rynearson presented a well- 
crystallized specimen of uvarovite (chromium garnet) from Blue 
Point claim, Tuolumne County, Calif. A specimen of litbiophilite 
(lithium manganese iron phosphate) from the Black Hills of South 
Dakota was received from Prof. D. Jerome Fisher. Floyd A. Rapp 
continued his interest by collecting and presenting a specimen of 
wocheinite, a variety of bauxite, from Paranam, Dutch Guiana. A 
large sample of kammererite (chromium bearing chlorite mica) from 
Klamath Mountain, Oreg., was received from Richard H. Jahns. 
Another large specimen, one of manganotantalite, was obtained 
through James S. Baker, chief, Minor and Rare Metals Section of the 
Foreign Economic Administration, The same organization, through 
Mr. Baker, transferred specimens of columbite and tantalite and an 
unusual example of pitchblende with its alteration products, all from 
Brazil. Mr. Baker personally presented the Museum with a specimen 
of native silver and chalcocite from the Cole mine at Bisbee, Ariz., 
which he had collected there some years ago. 

Frank L. Hess showed his usual interest in the collections by donat- 
ing a specimen of dendritic uraninite (uranium ore) from the Gordonia 
District, South Africa. Yf alter C. Warren presented a specimen of 
boehmite clay from King County, Wash. Maurice Slavin, on a 
return visit from Brazil, brought the Museum three tantalite crystals 
and a specimen of simpsonite (tantalate of lime and alumina) from 
Solidada, Brazil. A gift from Richard Lemke comprised a tourmaline 
and an aquamarine, both from Amelia, Va. A fine crystal of scheelite 
from Nivloc, Nev., came as a gift of William J. Moore (deceased). 
Miss Jewel J. Glass, of the Geological Survey, secured for the collec- 
tions a number of pink triplite specimens (manganese iron phosphate) 
from Tungstonia, Nev. Through the courtesy of Arnold Hoffman, 
calcite crystals were obtained from two producing localities, Clyde 
Park, Mont., and Palm V/ash mining district, Truckhaven, Calif. 
Mrs. Mary Fox supplied seven specimens of muscovite mica from the 
quarries near Custer, S. Dak. A manganocolumbite sample from 
Greenbushes, Southwest Australia, was presented by F. G. Forman, 
Geological Survey of Western Australia. 

Seven new meteorites have been added to our collection, six of 
which are undescribed falls. An 82-gram slice of the Lowicz, Poland, 
meteorite was obtained through exchange with the American Museum 
of Natural History. One complete individual stone, weighing 12 
pounds, 7 ounces, of the Cavour, S. Dak., discovery was added to the 
Roebling collection. A slice, weighing 142 grams, of a new stony 
meteorite from San Jose, Tamaulipas, Mexico, first recognized by the 
U. S. National Museum, came to us as a gift from the Texas Memorial 
Museum at Austin. A specimen of the Maria Elena, Chile, fall, 
weighing 15.5 kilograms, was recorded from Senor Coope and Fer- 
nando Araya Valdes. Dr. Stuart PI. Perry continued his annual 
gifts to our collection with the presentation of the following meteorites: 

New Westville Preble County, Ohio Iron 4. 8 kg. 

Edmonton Metcalfe County, Ky Iron 10.2 kg. 

Penokee Graham County, Kans Stone 3.58 kg. 

Cavour Beadle County, S. Dak__ Stone 4.31kg. 

Linwood Nebraska Stone 46.0 kg. 



48 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

In addition to these specimens Dr. Perry presented a duplicate set 
of the 5-volume album containing 1,500 photomicrographs of meteorite 
structures. 

The largest addition to the ore collection, a transfer from the 
Metals Reserve Co., consisted of a series of manganese and chromium 
ores from foreign deposits all over the world. Specimens were 
selected from the Baltimore, Md., stockpile, representing localities in 
South Africa, India, Egypt, Turkey, Philippines, Brazil, and Cuba. 
The Geological Survey transferred tungsten specimens from Idaho, 
California, and North Carolina deposits. The Southern Railway 
System donated a collection of copper, chromium, manganese, and 
miscellaneous ores from the southeastern United States from deposits 
along their rail lines. The Republic Mining & Manufacturing Co. 
through Lawrence Litchfield, Jr., presented eight specimens of French 
bauxite, and C. I. Dismant donated a gold ore sample from the Itogon 
mine, Benguet Province, Philippines. 

Additional interesting ores donated to this series are as follows: 
Specimens of sylvite and blue halite from the U. S. Potash Co, mine 
near Carlsbad, N. Alex., from C. M. Boos; bauxite from the ''lignite" 
stockpile near Bauxite, Ark., gift of J, P. Labaw; and specimens of 
Arkansas cinnabar from William A. Riggs. Specimens of bauxite 
and miscellaneous minerals from Dutch Guiana and other localities 
were obtained in an exchange with F. W. Horton. 

Three large porphyritic granite specimens sent to the Museum from 
Lemhi County, Idaho, by J. A. Herdiick, will be very useful in the 
petrographic exhibits. The Arkansas Geological Survey, through 
H. E. Wheeler, presented a specimen of novaculite from Hot Springs, 
Ark. One lot of unusual concretions was obtained from near Levis, 
Canada, through the kindness of Frank L. Hess. Five specimens of 
septarian concretions in marcasite from the Devonian rocks near 
Amherst, Ohio, formed a gift from Claude C. Ham el. 

Invertebrate paleontology and paleobotany. — The slight decrease m 
accessions and the smaller number of specimens received this year are 
not accompanied by a similar decrease in value, because important 
material for scientific study was secured, partly as a result of careful 
selection of specimens. 

The most im.portant new material is comprised in approximately 
500 specimens of rare Paleozoic fossils collected for the Museum by 
Curator Cooper during his field work in northwestern Sonora, Mexico. 
This region has never been thoroughly studied, and consequently even 
the comparatively small collections of good Permian and Cambrian 
fossils obtained represent important additions to laiowledge. Besides 
the Mexican fossils, Dr. Cooper secured about 500 specimens of Middle 
Ordovician invertebrate fossils in southwestern Virginia and eastern 
Tennessee while studying the stratigraphy of these areas. These 
fossils included some unusual new crinoids and cystids, as well as a good 
selection of bryozoans and brachiopods. 

Other worthy additions to the Paleozoic biologic series are con- 
tained in the following gifts: Middle Cambrian fossils from the Cloud 
Rapids formation of Newfoundland from the Department of Geology, 
Princeton University, through Prof. B. F. Howell; Cambrian and 
Early Ordovician brachiopods from Levis, Quebec, from Dr. Franco 
Rasetti, Laval University; Cambrian brachiopods from Oklahoma 
collected by Dr. Charles E. Decker, University of Oklahoma; in- 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 49 

vertebrate fossils of high Ordovician age from Frobisher Bay, South- 
west Baffin Land, from Capt. Robert A. Bartlett; invertebrate fossils 
from the Detroit River Devonian formation of north-central Ohio, 
collected by Dr. Erwin C. Stumm, Oberlin College. Portions of 
seven cores representing the Devonian parts of deep wells in Illinois 
were received from the Gulf Refining Co. These cores contained 
numerous fossils which will help to determine the underground geology 
of the area. Charles Southworth presented fine biological material 
to the collection in the form of 500 s ecimens of Middle Devonian 
brachiopods, making up the choice examples of a season's collecting. 

Carboniferous brachiopods and crinoidal remains from northeastern 
Washington, useful m deciphering the age relations of the associated 
rocks, were presented by John P. Thomson. A transfer from the 
Geological Survey of Devonian invertebrate fossils from the Dyer 
formation of northwest Colorado contains material essential in de- 
termining the geology of this area. 

Plaster casts of type fossils today have great scientific value, in view 
of the destruction taking place in foreign museums. Such a cast, an 
important English Carboniferous crinoid, Poteriocrinites crassus 
Miller, the holotype and only specimen of which was in the ill-fated 
Bristol Aluseum, England, was a welcome gift of the British Museum 
(Natural History) early in the year. Another valuable addition was 
a set of type casts of several crustaceans and a new comatulid crinoid 
from the Cretaceous rocks of Colombia, through the good offices of 
Prof. Jose Royo y G6mez, of Bogotd. 

Nine accessions should be especially mentioned as they contain type 
specimens: Co types of the forammifer Pseudo'phragmina (Athecocyclina) 
macglameriae Vaughan came as a gift of the Alabama Geological Sur- 
vey, through Dr. T. Wayland Vaughan; fragments of the holotype of 
the Devonian bryozoan Trachytoechus moniliformis Fritz was pre- 
sented by the Royal Ontario Museum of Paleontology, through Dr. 
Madeleine A. Fritz; paratypes of the Pleistocene mollusk Vitrinella 
shimeri Clapp, from subv/ay excavations in Boston, Mass., were re- 
ceived from the Museum of Comparative Zoology, through W. J. 
Clench; 37 types and figured specimens of Mesozoic and Cenozoic 
echinoids figured in Clark and Twitchell's "Mesozoic and Cenozoic 
Echinodermata of the United States," U. S. Geological Survey Mono- 
graph 54, deposited by Johns Hopkins University, through Dr. C. T. 
Berry; slides of thin sections of larger Foraminifera from the Eocene 
rocks of Venezuela, a gift from Dr. H. G. Kugler, through Dr. T. 
Wayland Vaughan, including cotypes, typotypes, and plesiotypes of 
described species; Lower Cretaceous cephalopods from Texas, 22 spec- 
imens including 2 primary types to be figured by Miller and Harris; 
a gift from Dr. A. R. Loeblich, Tulane University, through Dr. A. K. 
Miller, University of Iowa, paratypes of 11 species of marine mol- 
lusks from the Miocene of California, described by Dr. Myra Keen 
and obtained in an exchange with Stanford University; the holotype 
of the Cretaceous coral Microsolena williamsonensis Wells, gift from 
Dr. J. W. Wells, Ohio State University; 76 recent and Cenozoic corals 
from Venezuela collected by Dr. H. Hedburg. including 14 holotypes, 
12 paratypes, and 27 figured specimens also described by Dr. J. W. 
Wells and presented by him. 

Outstanding gifts to the Cenozoic study series were 47 specimens 
of mollusks, 2 crabs, 1 echinoderm, aud (5 lots of fishes from Dr. S. F. 



50 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Blake, representing: material from the Pleistocene at Wailes Bluff. Md. ; 
760 specimens of Tertiary fossils from the Galapagos Islands, from 
Dr. Saul Schwartzbach, especially interesting in ^vorking out the 
geological history of this classical area in the study of evolution. A 
gift and an exchange of Miocene fossils from Hugh H. litis added sev- 
eral hundred desirable mollusks, Bryozoa, and Ostracoda to the col- 
lections. 

Vertebrate paleontology. — The impossibility at the present time of 
carrying on any field work other than trips to nearby localities has 
necessarily reduced the number of accessions in this division. 

The Calvert Cliffs near Plumpoint, Md., celebrated for their 
Miocene outcrops, yielded the most important accession of the year — 
partial skeleton of a sirenian, or sea-cow, excavated by members of 
the staff and William Salter. This specimen is unique in being not 
only the most complete skeleton but also the first from this area to 
retam a well-preserved skull. Its detailed study will doubtless make 
it possible to establish the identity and relationships of many frag- 
mentary sirenian specimens now in the collection. 

From nearby Scientists Cliffs on Chesapeake Bay came gifts of the 
teeth of the fish Dictyodus from Mrs. S. Karrer and of a metacarpal of 
a fossil seal from Dr. S. F. Blake. 

A composite skeleton of the extinct antelope Stockoceras onusrosa- 
gris (Roosevelt and Burden), from the Papago Springs Cave in 
Arizona, and the cast of a complete skull of the curious 3-horned 
antelope Synthetoceras tricornatus Stirton, from Texas, were received 
as gifts from Childs Frick. Both specimens represented genera new 
to the collection. 

Casts of the type specimen of the flying reptile Dermodactylus 
montanus Marsh and of a skeleton of the rare Triassic armored reptile 
Hypsognathus Jenneri Giimore were received in exchange with the 
American IMuseum of Natural Plistory. 

The ichnite collection was enriched by nine slabs containing the 
trails of Paramphibius didactylus, once considered a vertebrate animal 
but now regarded as a horseshoe crab. These slabs came from the 
Chemung shales of Pennsylvania, received in exchange with Charles 
F. Smith. 

INSTALLATION AND PRESERVATION OF COLLECTIONS 

Exhibition work has progressed in all divisions of the department 
but along lines requiring no structural material or building alterations 
and on a smaller scale because of the diminished staff. Cleaning of 
the exhibits, their better arrangement, and the preparation of more 
readable labels constituted the major tasks of the year. 

The arrangement of the geological exhibit in such a way as to 
bring out the orderly development of life and of the earth's mineral 
products has been commented upon favorably by our visiting service- 
men. As the visitor enters the east hall from the rotunda, John 
Elliott's striking mural "Diana of the Tides," illustrating the various 
phases of geology as revealed in a modern setting, first attracts his 
attention. The seashore in the painting is then brought to life on the 
exhibition floor, where an actual fossil sea beach of far distant 
Cambrian time, with ripple marks and animal tracks, is displayed. 
From this, one can pass in review all the stages of life evolution upon 
the earth, from the simplest plants up through the ferns, cycads, and 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 51 

conifers and the one-celled animals, through the shells, Crustacea, 
fish, and reptiles to the most developed flowering plants and the 
highest mammals — a real ' 'Parade of Life." The hall of physical 
geology is next in order, with its exhibits of modern phenomena 
ranging from caves to volcanoes and coral islands to mountain 
building and concludes the department's display on this floor. The 
study of man follows logically, and so the next hall is devoted to the 
African tribes exhibit of the department of anthropology. Should 
the visitor enter geology from this hall, he simply reviews the earth's 
story in reverse order. Similarly, on the second floor just above, the 
inorganic side of geology is presented. The minerals and gems of 
most elementary composition are located nearest the entrance and 
one passes in regular order through the interesting oxides, sulphides 
and carbonates to the most complicated ores and rocks. Here again 
the department of anthropology follows with the most logical exhibit, 
one of primitive man and of the part played by ores and minerals 
in his evolution. 

In mineralogy and petrology the revision of the gem exhibit by 
relining the remaining cases and relabeling the entire collection was 
completed. The former method of displaying one or more gems on 
white velvet pads proved to be too monotonously symmetrical, and 
so a more random style was adopted to show related stones grouped 
to indicate their color possibilities and geographic association. The 
less important specimens were removed and incorporated in the gem 
study collection. The installation of three new gem cases, one con- 
taining various strands of beads, another to illustrate jade and jade 
substitutes, and the third for amethysts and related quartz minerals, 
was a part of Mr. Benn's work in this division. 

A special diamond case was prepared shortly after the receipt of 
the 'Tunch" Jones diamondlas a;;loan^for public display. This 34.46 
carat stone, the largest alluvial diamond in America, was found at 
Peterstown, W. Va. The owners and codiscoverers of the stone, 
William P. and Grover C. Jones, have lent it to the Museum for an 
indefinite period. Another diamond exhibit consisting of crystals and 
models of famous large stones was installed in a case containing a 
geologic series illustrating the rocks occurring at the African Kimberley 
diamond mines and the Pike County, Ark., deposits. 

The preparation and installation of ground-glass partitions in the 
large upright mineral exhibition cases by Messrs. Benn and Reberholt 
were also completed. This change marks a decided improvement, as 
the partitions hide the backs of specimens on opposite sides of the 
case and also aid in emphasizing the mineral colors. The most note- 
worthy task completed during the year was the consolidation of the 
three mineral study collections into one continuous series, a major 
undertaking which has been under way for several years. In the 
hall of physical geology there was installed a long upright case 
illustrating vein and dyke structures, and also an exhibit illustrating 
the classification of all types of rocks to replace the igneous rock 
exhibit which was dismantled last year. Y\^hen public interest in the 
volcano Paricutin v/as at its height a temporary exhibit v/as placed 
in the foyer to demonstrate its history and lava products through 
photographs and specimens supplied by Dr. Foshag. 



52 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM 

A card catalog of all the mineral names represented in the collections 
has been finished, and an index of all valid described minerals as well 
as discredited ones is well under way. 

B. O. Reberholt, in charge of the grinding and polishing laboratory, 
reports the following work accomplished during the year: Preparation 
of 325 thin sections of rocks and fossils, polishing and etching of 27 
meteorites, and cutting and polishing of 330 mineral, rock, and ore 
specimens. Some large specimens were cut and polished for war 
agencies; in some cases this was entirely a matter of service, but 
usually the Museum obtained a generous portion of the materials cut. 

The loss of Dr. Resser early in the fiscal year necessitated a revision 
of the plans for invertebrate paleontology. Likewise, there was a 
delay in the completion of the long wall exhibition case for paleobotany 
requiring postponement of finishing this exhibit as planned. Dr. 
Cooper rearranged several sections of the biologic series in more 
logical position; for example, the trilobites and all other arthropods 
now are in consecutive order completely filling two rooms. Similarly, 
several portions of the stratigraphic series have been consolidated 
into a single continuous one. 

Identification of the study collections, by members of both the 
Museum and the Geological Survey staff proceeded as usual. The work 
of processing all the small accessions was kept up-to-date, but com- 
paratively little could be accomplished in reducing the backlog of 
unprepared material. The head curator made a slight impression 
along the latter line in preparing and identifying several Paleozoic 
faunas with which he was familiar, namely, the Holland Patent slates 
of New York, the Hermitage and Lebanon limestones of central 
Tennessee, and the Upper Richmond beds of Ohio. He has continued 
work on the collections of microscopic fossils and also prepared and 
identified three recent faunas of Bryozoa from the Arctic for the 
department of biology. 

As a part of the care of the collections, the progress made in building 
up the department library deserves special mention. Through the 
gifts of the Waicott, Teller, Ulrich, Resser, and other libraries, many 
books and thousands of pamphlets covering all phases of geology and 
paleontology have been accumulated. These were too heterogeneous 
and bulky to handle as a single library. Accordingly, Miss Helena M. 
Weiss undertook the classification and arrangement of the material 
as time would permit. Starting with the Merrill library as a basis, she 
has built up a section of general geology with over 12,000 pamphlets 
alone. Paleontology was separated into four separate collections 
distributed in their appropriate sections of the Museum, Paleozoic 
invertebrates being represented hj more than 16,000 pamphlets, 
Mesozoic and Cenozoic invertebrates and paleobotany by a smaller 
number. These have all been marked with the Museum stamp, and 
the cataloging of the books is proceeding slowly. Miss Weiss also has 
charge of the loan of books from the library. 

Dr. Cooper spent much time in preparing his collections from north- 
western Sonora. These fossils are preserved mostly in limestone. All 
the Cambrian fossils had to be prepared by excavating them with 
needles or other small tools. The Mississippian and Permian fossils, 
on the other hand, were prepared by means of acid and tools. The 
limestone containing the Permian fossils is very impure, and conse- 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 53 

quently most of the shells had to be excavated from a siliceous residue 
after decalcification of the matrix. 

Early in the fiscal year the 60-gallon stone vat prepared for the 
etching of fossils was delivered and mounted. Since then it has been 
in continuous use in dissolving the west Texas Permian limestone 
blocks, thereby freeing the silicified fossils they contain. The results 
have been most gratifying, a single large block weighing up to 20 or 30 
pounds often yielding two to three standard drawers full of free and 
clean shells in a perfection of preservation that could be attained in 
no other way. 

Curator C. W. Gilmore reports for the division of vertebrate 
paleontology that during the past year a unique specimen was added 
to the exliibition series in the form of a large rock slab from the Eocene 
of Y/yoming showing the shells of 15 swamp turtles in situ. These 
turtles {Echmatemrys) are worked out in relief, care having been 
exercised to preserve them in their original relationships. At one cor- 
ner of the block a section of the bank with two specimens partly 
excavated, assists the visitor in visualizing how all were originally 
buried in the rock. 

A complete skull of the large Upper Cretaceous fish Portheus 
molossus Cope and one of Icthyodedes anaides Cope, both from 
Kansas, were prepared and placed on exhibition to replace specimens 
of less display value. 

In addition to supervising the work in the laboratory and preparing 
the exhibits mentioned above, Norman H. Boss, chief preparator, 
prepared various other vertebrate fossils, one of the more important 
being the skull and part of the skeleton of the flying reptile Pteranodon 
occidentalis Marsh, from the Niobrara chalk of Kansas. Thomas J. 
Home was almost continuously occupied with the preparation of 
specimens of the 1942 Oligocene collection from Wyoming, work that 
had been practically completed by the close of the fiscal year. 

Mention should also be made of the renovation of ail the cases and 
large exposed skeletons in the main exhibition hall. Nearly four weeks 
were spent by the preparators in completing this work and making 
necessary repairs, but the much improved appearance of the hall 
compensates for the time required. 

INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH 

Dr. W. F. Foshag was occupied with his investigations on the 
mineral resources of Mexico for the Geological Survey during the entire 
year. His work is largely being incorporated m a report for that 
agency. In addition, he has spent some time at the Paricutin volcano 
making observations and collecting material for the Museum exhibition 
series. 

E. P. Henderson completed some analyses of new meteorites, partly 
prepared the manuscripts, maintained the general index of new 
meteorites, and spent considerable time indexing and proofreading a 
monograph by Dr. Stuart H. Perry, which now forms Bulletin 184 of 
the U. S. National Museum. Various determinations were made on 
the sublimates of the Paricutin volcano, and a series of analyses now 
under way should be completed within the coming year. 

Before his untimely death Dr. Charles E. Resser was engaged in the 
study of the Lower Ordovician trilobites of Vermont and adjacent 
areas and was continuing his Cambrian Sum^mary and Bibliography. 



54 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Many years of work by Drs. Walcott and Resser have gone into this 
Summary and Bibliography, both of which when finished will be 
valuable contributions to science. 

The researches of the head curator have been limited to three 
projects: first, his monographic study of Lower Paleozoic corals, 
second, a paper on the giant Paleozoic Ostracoda known as the 
Leperditiidae ; and third, a continuation of researches on American 
Ordovician crinoids and cj^stids contained in the Springer collection. 
The manuscript and illustrations of all three have been more than half 
completed. 

Dr. G. A. Cooper completed his study of the Devonian of Illinois 
in collaboration with Dr. A. S. Warthin. This project resulted in the 
preparation of two manuscripts, one dealmg with the subsurface 
stratigraphy of the Devonian, the other being a more detailed and 
extensive piece of work. The preparation of the Paleozoic fossils from 
Sonora, Mexico, in connection with a manuscript describing the 
geology and paleontology of the Caborca area in Sonora has been 
Dr. Cooper's major task during the year when in the office. In odd 
moments he has proceeded with the monograph on ^'Chazyan and 
Related Brachiopods" to such effect that 114 of the 130 plates are 
nov/ mounted and numbered. 

Dr. T. Wayland Vaughan, associate in paleontology, has been 
occupied with the Cenozoic corals and the larger Foraminifera and 
has cared for the study collections of these two groups of fossils, of 
which he is the leading authority. 

As in the past, members of the Geological Survey with offices in 
the Museum building have continued, in the course of their professional 
duties, to employ our collections in their researches. 

Dr. Charles Butts is completing his volume on the geology of the 
Appalachian Valley of northern Virginia and has been checking the 
fossil collections made in the course of his study. Dr. J. B. Reeside, 
Jr., has almost finished the identification of a large collection of 
Triassic fossils made in Sonora by Dr. Cooper and two collaborating 
geologists. Dr. R. ¥7. Imlay has made further progress in his studies 
of Jurassic and Cretaceous fossils from the western United States, 
Mexico, and Venezuela. Dr. H. E. Vokes is carrying on part time 
research on Mesozoic and Cenozoic pelecypods. Dr. L. W. Stephen- 
son is completing his manuscript on the faima of the Lewisville beds 
of the Texas Cretaceous which represents some years of work on the 
subject. Dr. Edwin Kirk is now occupied with Devonian and Carbon- 
iferous crinoids and has several papers in preparation. L. G. Henbest 
is progressing with his work on fossil Foraminifera and caring for 
the collections thereof. Dr. R. W. Brown has nearly fi.nished his 
description of the Paleocene (Fort Union) flora which has a signi- 
ficant bearing on the determination of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic bound- 
ary. Dr. C. Wythe Cooke, in connection with a volume on the 
geology of Florida, has studied the Cenozoic fossils, especially the 
echinoids. 

Curator C. W. Gilmore completed and submitted for publication 
three manuscripts, entitled *'A New Sauropod Dmosaur from the 
Upper Cretaceous of Missouri," in collaboration with Dan Stewart; 
"A New Amphisbaenid Lizard from V/yoming," in collaboration with 
Dr. Glenn L. Jepsen; and ''A Slab of Fossil Turtles from the Eocene 



DEPAKTMENT OF GEOLOGY 55 

of Wyoming, with Notes on the Genus Echmatemys.^' All these have 
been accepted for publication by various scientific journals. A manu- 
script describing a new species of carnivorous dinosaur from the Upper 
Cretaceous of Montana, based on a skull belonging to the Cleveland 
Museum of Natural History, is practically completed. 

Geological material received for examination and report through 
ofiicial channels numbered 143 lots for the department, distributed 
as follows: General geology, 55; mineralogy and petrology, 69; inver- 
tebrate paleontology and paleobotany, 16; vertebrate paleontology, 7. 
Many of these consisted of large numbers of specimens requiring 
considerable time and study for their identification, and in addition 
numerous specimens were brought in person for firsthand determi- 
nations. There were 245 letters requesting information of geological 
nature referred to the divisions as follows: General geology, 84; 
mineralogy and petrology, 115; invertebrate paleontology and paleo- 
botany, 26; vertebrate paleontology, 20. 

DISTRIBUTION AND EXCKANGE OF SPECIMENS 

The distribution of geological materials to various educational and 
research institutions, other Government departments and war 
agencies, and to individuals engaged upon scientific investigations 
was as follows: Gifts, 1,812 specimens; exchanges, 116 specimens; 
loans for study, 569 specimens; and transfers, 36 specimens. 

Most of the gifts were collections sent to schools and colleges and 
scientific institutions, including a considerable one of Cambrian fossils 
and trilobites to the Geological Institute of Mexico, and another of 
158 minerals and rocks to the Institute of Jamaica at Kingston. 

NUMBER OF SPECIMENS UNDER DEPARTMENT 

The total number of specimens for the three divisions as given 
below is necessarily only an approximate estimate. It is computed 
by adding to the figures given last year the difference between the 
number of specimens received and those sent out. 

Mineralogy and petrology 256, 431 

Invertebrate paleontology and paleobotany 2, 401, 250 

Vertebrate paleontology 29, 448 

Total 2, 687, 129 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIES 
(Carl W. Mitman, Head Curator) 

Although the department was compelled to carry on its work this 
year with a less experienced and smaller staff than it has had in 
recent years, the collections in its charge were maintained. The 
work was accomplished, however, only by devoting less time and 
attention than usual to other essential activities. New accessions, 
for example, were 25 percent less than the average of the past five 
years; there was little effort made to acquhe additions to the collec- 
tions; scientific work was cut to a minimum; and new exhibition 
planning was abandoned. Little change in this situation can be 
expected until the war is ended and experienced professional per- 
sonnel again becomes available. 

A major change in organization, affecting other branches of the 
Museum as well as this department, was made on November 8, 1943. 
For many years the Museum's chief photographer served also as 
associate curator of the photographic section of this department's 
division of graphic arts. The increased attention required by the 
photographic collections and library in recent years, however, made 
it almost impossible for one man to carry on both activities. Ac- 
cordingly, on the date mentioned, the associate curator was relieved 
of all duties concerned with the Ad^useum's photographic laboratory. 

A number of changes in the staff took place during the year. On 
July 12, 1943, Joseph W. Schutz, assistant curator, section of chemical 
industries, resigned to accept a position in the consular service of the 
State Department. Two members of the staff*. Dr. A. J. Olmsted, 
associate curator, section of photography, and Dr. F. L. Lewton, 
curator, division of crafts and industries, retired on account of age 
on September 30, 1943, and March 31, 1944, respectively. In view 
of the manpower shortage because of the war both men were reap- 
pointed to their respective positions the day following their retire- 
ment. After many years of expert service as senior scientific aide, 
section of textiles, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Rosson was advanced on May 
12, 1944, to assistant curator in that section. 

In May 1944, at its own request, the Smithsonian War Committee, 
of which the head curator, Carl W. Mitman, was chairman, having 
accomplished in the two years of its existence all that it was organized 
to do, was dissolved by the Secretary. While thus relieved of one 
special assignment, Mr. Mitman continued to direct during the year 
the protective and custodial services established for the irreplaceable 
Museum collections stored outside of Washington. 

ACCESSIONS 

Accessions for the year totaled 164, comprising 1,388 specimens. 
This is a decrease of 52 accessions and 878 specimens compared with 
the previous year. The accessions were distributed as follows: 

56 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIES 57 

Engineering, 31 (87 specimens); crafts and industries, 62 (1,002 
specimens); and graphic arts 71 (299 specimens). Of these the fol- 
lowing are worthy of special mention: 

Engineering. — From the viewpoints both of historical merit and of 
popular appeal, the acquisition of two automobiles holds first honors 
in the group of accessions in this division. One of these was a U. S. 
Army truck, one-quarter ton, 4x4, universally cal^ d a ''jeep," and 
having the unique distinction of being the prototype of these famous 
World War II vehicles. Specifically the truck is one of the first 
series of 62 similar vehicles built in 1940 by the American Bantam 
Car Co. and later standardized and adopted by the Army for volume 
production. It was received by transfer from the War Department 
through Col. E. S. Van Deusen. The other automobile, now a part 
of the Museum's unique collection, is a Winton, 1903, and the first 
automobile to be driven across the United States. This historic 
journey from San Francisco to New York, requiring 63 days on the 
road, was made by H. Nelson Jackson, owner, Sewall K. Crocker, 
and a bulldog, ''Bud," between May 23 and Julv 26, 1903. After 
preserving the car for over 40 years Colonel Jackson presented it to 
the Museum together with all the existing camping and touring 
equipment and spare parts carried along. He generously presented 
too his complete file of contemporaneous newspaper and periodical 
accounts of the trip. 

The Museum's watercraft collections were materially enhanced by 
four valuable gifts. President Roosevelt presented through Ralph 
E. Cropley an original, kerosene-burning, brass-bulkhead lantern of 
the first S. S. Mauretania, 1907-1935. The lantern had been part 
of the furnishings of the first-class passenger lobby and now stands 
in the exhibition case with a handsome model of this famous vessel 
presented to the Museum by President Roosevelt some years ago. 
The marine department of the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Co., with the 
cooperation of Comdr. W. M. Connelly, presented a beautifully 
made model of the Great Lakes steamer William G. Mather, Ore- 
and freight-carrying vessels of our great inland lakes were not repre- 
sented in the Museum's collection, and so a model of this famous and 
typical vessel of its class is a most welcome and valuable acquisition. 
Through the interest of Philip K. Sawyer there were acquired two 
original builders' block models of sponge and shrimp boats respec- 
tively of the types used by the Tarpon Springs, Fla., fishermen. 
Many vessels have been built from these models in the past 40 years, 
the sponge boat being the design of Leonardis Paskalitis and the 
shrimp boat of Minas and Antonius Sarris. An interesting coopera- 
tive activity instituted by the departm.ent resulted in the acquisition 
of a model of the Chesapeake Bay skipjack Carrie E. Price. The 
plans of this vessel are an item of the Historic American Merchant 
Marine Survey maintained by the division. With these plans and 
with some material assistance rendered by the division's technicians, 
William E. Lee, president of the Washington Ship Model Society, 
constructed the model and presented it to the Museum. 

To the division's extensive collections on power generation there 
was presented by the Peabody Engineering Corporation a full-size, 
section alized combination oil and gas burner such as is widely used for 
steam generation in power plants. The burner was invented and 
developed by Ernest H. Peabody in the early|1920's^and is so de- 



58 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

signed that in case of failure of one fuel the other may be instantly 
applied. A series of photographs of typical installations of batteries 
of these burners, together with a sectioned burner nozzle, augment the 
burner itself and proWde a rounded-out educational exhibit of this 
important part of modern power-plant equipment. A unique exhibit 
illustrating improvements over the years in rotary rock bits used 
throughout the world in drilling for oil was presented by the Hughes 
Tool Co. Five original bits dating from 1909 to 1942 standing in 
holes drilled in a slab of rock give the visitor the opportunity not 
only to see what the improvements have been but also to understand 
the rock-cutting action and principle of the rotary drill. The bits 
and rock slab mounted before a background picturing a crowded 
oilfield together compose an attractive addition to the mineral tech- 
nology exhibits of the division. 

Other interesting additions to the collections were: 2 cabinetmakers^ 
miter jigs and a hand-operated turning saw, presented by William 
H. Egberts and Mrs. Lloyd R. Hayes, respectively; 25 miniature in- 
ternal combustion engines used in flying model aircraft, lent by Capt. 
J. J. Hanson; a small pocket type calculator, "Groesbeck's Calculating 
Machine," donated by Lt. John P. Roberts, U. S. N. R.; and a collec- 
tion of over 200 photographic negatives of early automobiles presented 
by E. B. Blakely. 

Crafts and industries. — The outstanding accession in the textile 
section was a group of specimens illustrating late developments in war 
textiles, exemplified by fabrics of cotton -backed, viscose twill, and 
''Sunbak," a wool-backed, viscose rayon interlining, designed especial- 
ly for uniforms of the Army Air Forces. The applications of these 
fabrics are shown in two types of electricallj^ heated flying suits, one 
worn under regulation garments, together with auxiliary equipment. 
Included in this group is an aviator's flotation suit made of "Tackle 
Twill/' a strong, rayon and cotton fabric. A supplemental exhibit 
consists of parts of an F--2 type suit showing the electric-wire inter- 
linings and inserts. The acquisition of these materials and their 
unique presentation were made possible by the joint cooperation of 
"William Skinner & Sons and the General Electric Co. A coil of 
nylon rope similar to that now being used by the Army Air Forces 
for towing gliders and representing another of the diverse uses of this 
synthetic fiber, was lent by the Plymouth Cordage Co. Modern 
blended-yarn dress goods, m^ade of various combinations of rayons 
with aralac (a casein product), and wool, were received from J. P. 
Stevens & Co. The Cotton-Textile Institute continued its cooperation 
by supplying specimens of representative cotton fabrics made for 
the spring and summer of 1944. Recent types of special wire coils, 
produced by automatic winding machines, were furnished by the 
Universal Winding Co. to supplement their standard windings of 
previous years. 

Through the courtesy of Mrs. Margaret Hayden Rorke, secretary 
and managing director of the Textile Color Card Association of the 
United vStates, the section received the Ninth Edition of the Standard 
Color Card with its supplements, the United States Arms and Services 
Color Card, and the United States Army Standard Thread Card. The 
Association is supported by textile manufacturers and representative 
ibms of almost every industry using color. These firms agi'ee to have 
their products match the colors included in the official standard card, 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIES 59 

resulting in a great saving of time to consumers in obtaining exact 
shades of colors in materials which are to be used together. This 
standardization is especially valuable to the United States Arms and 
Services, each service having an official color requirement for its 
uniforms, trimmings, badges, and similar equipment. The Standard 
Thread Card is furnished by the Quartermaster General's Office to 
quartermaster depots and contractors making clothing or equipage 
for the United States Army. The Standard Ninth Edition Color Card 
showing 216 shades is not only of value to all color-using industries, 
but also of service as a standard reference for schools, colleges, libraries, 
advertising firms, printers, and publishers. 

Noteworthy gifts to the homecraft textile collections included the 
following: An 1833 counterpane woven in " Double Bovv knot" pattern, 
from Mrs. Lucy Holder Pratt; 2 jacquard type coverlets, one bearing 
the American eagle mark of Harry Tyler, 1845, from Miss Clara R. 
Walker; 3 hand-woven coverlets, from the estate of Miss Eebecca E. 
Everly; an antebellum autogi-aph quilt, pieced in silk hexagon-patch 
pattern, and signed by President lincoln and officers of the U. S. 
Army, from Mrs. Mary Alice Hughes Lord; and an appliqued cotton 
quilt ard a coverlet, from Miss Margaret A. K,. Stottlemeyer. The 
collection of early colonial implements, used in household textile in- 
dustries, was enhanced by a flax hetchel, dated 1739, a gift from 
Edmund U. Barley, and by a hardwood, um^breila-type swift, used 
for rereeling skeins of yarn, presented by Airs. Harry L. Watson. 

An important accession in the section of chemical industries was an 
exhibit from Kayonier Inc., illustrating the chemistry and applications 
of refined alpha-cellulose derived from wood pulp. Since the military 
services* requirements for ordnance purposes cover practically all the 
annual production of cotton linters, the manufacturers of rayon found 
it necessary to turn to alpha-cellulose for their raw material. The 
applications of the wood-pulp cellulose shown in the exhibit include 
rayon, molded and laminated plastics, cellophane, artificial leather, 
rayon tire cord fabric, and electric-arc welding rods. An exhibit 
illustrating the manufacture of urea formaldehyde and melamine 
compound plastic resins and their applications to molding, gluing, 
bonding, or coating purposes was received from the Plaskon Division 
of the Libb3^-Owens-Ford Glass Co. Vice President Henry A. Wallace 
presented the Museum with two robes made from strips of vicuna 
skin. The robes were presented to him by Srta. Rosa Prado, daughter 
of the President of Peru, on the occasion of his good-will tour to South 
America in May 1943. These examples of the lovely, soft, furlike 
covering of this rare animal were added to the collection of commercial 
furs. 

A noteworthy accession in the section of woods and wood technology 
was a collection of 169 specimens of woods of Costa Rica, Panama, and 
Ecuador received from the U. S. Forest Products Laboratory. The 
collection was made in 1943 by members of the U.S. Forest Service in 
connection with the Latin American Forest Resources Project of the 
Department of Agriculture, sponsored by the Coordinator of Inter- 
American Affairs. Dr. G. W. Harley, Ganta Mission, Liberia, pre- 
sented 42 finished specimens of hardwoods of that countrj^, which are 
valuable additions to our collections. A fine set of 12 commercial 
woods of Cuba was transferred to the section by the Lumber and 



60 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Lumber Products Division of the War Production Board. Continuing 
its cooperation, the Navy Department transferred to the Museum 
samples of eight woods which had been recommended for use in build- 
ing yards, docks, and ships. For exhibition, the Geo. W. McGuire 
Co. presented three lawn rakes made of white oak, and other native 
hardwoods, which they had developed as substitutes for the once- 
popular bamboo rakes of Japanese origin. The Handle & Excelsior 
Co. contributed specimens of wooden brush and shovel handles, and 
two all-wood rakes showing what can be done to conserve critical 
metals in the manufacture of these products. 

In the division of medicine and public health the most valuable 
items were added to the section of pharmacy. These included a 
complete exhibit, a gift of Sharp & Dohme, Inc., illustrating the manu- 
facture and use of dried blood plasma now effectively employed by our 
armed forces; from E. R. Squibb & Sons, a series of objects picturing 
the method of obtaining penicillin, a recently discovered miracle- 
performing bacterio-static drug; and a collection outlining the life 
history of Carl Wilhelm Scheele, the internationally famous apothe- 
cary, donated by Dr. George Urdang. Objects of importance added 
to the history of medicine section were the first portable X-ray ma- 
chine known to have been operated successfully on a battlefield, from 
Dr. John Hunter Selby; the saddlebags of Dr. George M. Shafer, U. S. 
Army, an Ohio practitioner, from Minnie M. Shafer; a localizer, 
penetrometer, Buckey diaphragm, old-type interrupters, radiometer, 
tintometer, and other historical specimens utilized in the early applica- 
tion of X-rays as a therapeutic agent, from Dr. John Hunter Selby. 
The most valuable additions to the section of public health were a 
collection of materials illustrating dentistry and oral hygiene, and a 
series of 12 life-size models of normal and abnormal human hearts, 
gifts, respectively, of the American Dental Association and the 
American Heart Association, Inc. 

Graphic arts. — The outstanding accession in the section of graphic 
arts was a French color print of the eighteenth century, ''L'Amant 
Surpris," by C. M. Descourtis after F. Schall. This type of print, the 
estampe galante, is highly prized and much sought after by collectors. 
Descourtis was one of the important engravers of the period, and it is 
said that ''L'Amant Surpris" is one of his masterpieces. Miss Mary 
Louise Carr was the donor. Walter Tittle, a well-known drypoint 
artist, presented the section with 19 examples of his work, following his 
special exhibition in the Museum in October-November 1943. Mr. 
Tittle's handsome gift included portraits of distinguished people, 
among them George Bernard Shaw, Jean Louis Forain, Arnold Ben- 
nett, and Aristide Briand. Three prints by the late Jerome Myers 
were the gift of Dr. Harry H. Shapiro through Mrs. Jerome Myers. 
One of the best-known artists of his generation in America, Myers 
dealt with humble themes revolving about his beloved Manhattan — 
city scenes, children at play, itinerant peddlers, and similar subjects. 
His prints and paintings are in more than a score of museums through- 
out the country. The gift included two self-portraits (a lithograph 
and an etching) and an etching in color depicting children in a park. 

Commercial and reproductive wood engravings of the last quarter 
of the nineteenth century in America are common enough, but wood 
engravings which were both designed and executed by the artist are 
quite rare. Still more rare are the engraved blocks themselves. Mrs. 
Minerva C. Cleaves donated nine engraved blocks and two prints 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIES 61 

made by her late husband, W. P. Cleaves, who engraved from his 
own designs. While Cleaves was not widely known he was an ex- 
tremely able artist and a sensitive craftsman. His work is a desirable 
addition to our collection of American wood engraving of that flour- 
ishing period, the last quarter of the nineteenth century. VOKS, the 
Soviet Russian Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, 
gave the section six war posters produced by the hand-stencil process. 
No printing equipment is necessary in making posters of this kind, 
which the Russians have developed to a high degree. Guerrilla artists 
have used this method extensively in occupied territories where the 
absence of printing and transportation facilities practically eliminate 
other methods. Miss Zulema Bar cons presented four block-prints, 
technical variations of the same subject, ''Andromeda." Three of 
these prints are the result of new and original techniques, the fourth 
version being the typical ''white line" linoleum engraving, 

A fine old Dutch book, "Historisch Sterf-Huys door Franciscus 
Ridderus," printed by Joannes Borstius in 1668, was presented by 
Bert Bille. Among the interesting features of this book is the com- 
bination of Gothic and Roman type and the sturdy, original parch- 
ment binding. An example of fine printing, "Prelum to Albion," was 
the gift of the author and printer, Jackson Burke. This book, printed 
by hand on a hand press, is a history of the development of the hand 
press from the adaptation of the prelum, or winepress, to the" Albion," 
one of the latest and most widely used presses of the days before power. 

Among other accessions of importance was a series of ten progressive 
proofs as well as the seven original zinc plates which were used in 
printing a most unusual 7-color job in offset-lithography. The original, 
a water-color by Dwight C. Shepler, was reproduced with astonishing 
fidelity. This accession was the gift of the Independent Lithograph 
Co. "Washington Crossing the Delaware," a steel engraving by P, 
Girardet after the painting by E. Leutze, was the gift of L. C. Herring; 
"The Holy Sepulchre," a Currier and Ives lithograph, v/as presented 
by Dr. B. O. A. Thomas; "Stony Pasture," an etching by Luigi Lucioni 
was an associate member's print of the Society of American Etchers; 
eight etchings by Theodore Bolton of New York, the well-known 
writer on early American art, were the gift of the artist; and one 
facsimile of an old newspaper, "Gazette Litteraire Pour la Ville & 
District de Montreal. Mercredi, 17 Fevrier, 1779," was presented by 
the Gazette Printing Co. Fleury Mesplet, who founded and edited 
the newspaper, v/as secretly appointed by the Continental Congress 
in 1776 to set up a press in Canada to propagandize against the Crown. 
This newspaper v/as his vehicle. 

The most important accession received by the section of photog- 
raphy was William J. Nagel's gift of a set of rectilinear lenses made 
by E. Francais, Paris, France. Singly and in combination the set 
provides nine focal lengths from 5K to 16 inches, covering angles from 
50° to 90° with plate sizes from 3% by 4^ to 10 by 12 inches. The 
Brenner Photo Co. indicated its continuing interest in the collection 
by a number of gifts. Included were an Agfa flash lamp, an oil- 
burning dark-room lamp; a Pathex motion-picture camera, an Irwin 
movie camera, a Wizard lens, and a Weno Hawk-eye camera. George 
W. Harris, a student of the history of photography, presented 53 items, 
including an album, a stereoscope, and 51 daguerreotype and ambro- 
type portraits all in very fine condition. Miss Cora Marshall presented 

662679—45 5 



62 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

the section with a family heirloom in the form of a gold locket con- 
taining two tintypes, while Ransom Matthews presented 11 specimens 
of historical motion-picture film. 

Other interesting specimens added to the photographic collections 
were: A No. 1 Panoram Kodak of 1894 presented by Miss Jackie 
Martin; an early 16-mm. motion-picture camera manufactured by 
De Vry, donated by Harry H. Olmsted; an early pocket Kodak, model 
of 1896, from Dr. A. J. Olmsted; and a Lauers patent revolving photo- 
graph cabinet, used about 1870, together with a 30 by 30 inches cur- 
tain slide plate holder used on an eclipse expedition in 1900 at Wades- 
boro, N. C, deposited by the Smithsonian Institution. Pictorial 
photographs for the permanent collection were received from Edward 
F. Raynolds, Eleanor Parke Custis, and the Smithsonian Institution, 
while an Agfa color plate with a color reproduction was presented by 
the color specialist Kex Soice. 

INSTALLATION AND PRESERVATION OF COLLECTIONS 

Additions to the collections of this department fall within one or 
the other of two general classes — exhibition and study. They are of 
innumerable categories and must be incorporated with the older ob- 
jects of their particular class. Accordingly, with the inflexible areas 
available to the department, the first major curatorial task year after 
year is that of properly accommodating two specimens in an area 
formerly occupied by one. The second major task is guarding the 
collections against destructive agents — sunhght, air conditions, dust, 
water, insects, and vermin. These two tasks consume fully 75 per- 
cent of the time allotted for the conduct of this important function 
of the department. Examples of the variety of work performed 
during the year are as follows: 

Engineering. — Progress continues to be made in improving the 
appearance of the exhibits, especially those contained in the Aircraft 
Building. Many hours of hard labor on the part of the staff were 
necessary to produce this result. Better arrangem_ent of the stored 
material in the Aircraft Building was effected through the acquisition 
of a lot of standard quarter-unit storage cabinets. All the exhibition 
cases in the transportation hall of the Arts and Industries Building 
were cleaned and also some of those in the power hall. This involved 
the rem^oval of all the specimens, cleaning them, and washing the cases 
and glass. Many of the quarter units in the various rooms were re- 
arranged and the study material replaced for more efficient use. 
Work continued on the cataloging and classification of the collection 
of prints presented last year by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. 
Twice during the year all the cases containing fabrics, as well as spe- 
cimens parts of which are of textile material, were treated with 
fumigants. 

Several reinstallations of exhibits were made during the year in the 
boat hall, and one diorama of a primitive oil refinery was completed 
in the engineering laboratory and placed on exhibition in the fuel court. 

Crafts and industries. — Seventeen new installations and 47 rearrange- 
ments of the textile collections were made, and six additional cases 
were added during the year. The most im.pressive installation was 
one composed of war textiles in which the uniforms of the Arm,y Air 
Forces were shown on lay figures. Against a colorful curtain *'sky- 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIES 63 

drop^' and illuminated by fluorescent lights, it attracts the attention 
of all visitors. In the south hall, cotton fabrics and blended rayon 
dress goods were pleasingly exhibited. The series representing orna- 
mentation of cotton fabrics by printing was improved through an 
exchange of cases, which also enlarged the storage space. Four 
additional cases were placed in the space allotted to homecraft textiles 
in the east south range, one for shell-work, another for unusual hand- 
made rugs, and the other two for historical quilts. Specimens for 
the coverlet collection were installed, and necessary changes were 
made to preserve the scheme of classification. Textile implements, 
removed from the south hall, were placed in the large wall case con- 
taining the series illustrating the preparation of homespun cotton, 
wool, and linen yarns. The east end of the east south range gallery 
was opened and utilized for such items as tapestry loom models and 
work samples. The resulting space has facilitated passage through 
the building and has improved the entire gallery. 

During the year all exhibition cases in the wood court were washed 
inside and out. This necessitated the removal and reinstallation of 
10 exhibits containing hundreds of specimens. Where necessary, 
new labels were printed and some material was rearranged. Very 
little progress was made with the study collection in cutting woods 
to size for convenient handling. Of the 323 added this year, 110 were 
either received in or have been cut to proper size; 213 remain to be 
cut. In the course of identifying woods for war agencies, however, 
a number of unidentified specimens in the collection were classified 
and entered in the generic index. 

To provide exhibition space for two vicuna-skin robes it was neces- 
sary to reinstall three cases. These were in the fur series and included 
the Alaskan sealskins and the processed rabbit and muskrat skins. 
The change added to the attractiveness of the specimens as well as 
to the alcove in which the exhibits of furs are shown on the south 
gallery. To make available two cases for the installation of the new 
specimens of plastics and rayon received from the Libby-Owens-Ford 
Glass Co. and Rayonier Inc. the exhibit of wood-pulp alpha-cellulose 
from Brown Co. and some of the chemical applications of cotton 
cellulose from E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. were retired. In the 
rubber section the case of reclaimed rubber and the two cases showing 
commercial forms of crude rubber were reinstalled. New bases were 
supplied for the bulletproof inner tube case and the rubber half-track 
for Army scout cars. 

The principal work in the history of medicine section of the division 
of medicine and public health was the reinstallation of several cases 
to make possible the acceptance of a collection of apparatus relating 
to the early history of X-rays as a therapeutic agent, and to place the 
iron lung in the history of medicine line where it belongs. In the 
section of public health the dental diorama which had been in use 
for years was removed and a new unit installed in its place. The 
materials used in an exhibit devoted to heart disease were renewed. 
These include four small scenes showing the effect of preventable 
conditions which injure the heart, a series of 12 life-size m-odeis of 
the human heart in health and disease, vital statistics, and drawings 
illustrating the anatomy of the heart and the cumulation of the blood. 
The work in the section of materia medica was directed toward ob- 
taining necessary additions and replacing deteriorated specimens. 



64 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

The drug and pharmaceutical materials were carefully checked, and 
specimens which had deteriorated were removed and replaced with 
fresh examples. The dioramas, exhibits, and models were cleaned, 
repainted, and altered to keep all parts of them up to date. 

In addition to these various classes of work connected with the 
preservation of the collections, periodic fumigation of textiles and 
animal products was made. 

Graphic arts. — The thorough cleaning and complete painting of the 
two principal exhibition halls in the Smithsonian Building assigned to 
the section of gi-aphic arts necessitated first the protection in place of 
all exhibits. Upon completion of the painting and removal of scaf- 
folds every exhibit had to be cleaned and rearranged before the halls 
v,^ere opened to visitors. Another major undertaking was the removal 
of all stored specimens from 34 wall cases in the chapel to allow for 
painting and carpentry work and the cleaning and replacement of 
these specimens following the completion of the work. A third piece 
of important work was the labeling and matting of the collection of 
twentieth-century American prints and their placement in 11 new 
solander storage cases for better protection. 

The section of photogi^aphy in the Arts and Industries Building 
made no changes in the arrangement of the exhibited collections. 
The establishment of the new office, librarj^^, storage and workroom 
of the section proved an arduous and long-drav/n-out task. This 
involved the moving and rearrangement of all collections stored in the 
photographic laboratory and or the east-south range gallery as well 
as approximately 300 running feet of books comprising the photo- 
graphic library. 

In addition to these various activities the department arranged for 
and prepared the following special exhibitions during the year: 

ENGINEERING 

November: Paintings by Philip A. Sawyer, "Florida Sponge and Shrimp Boats." 

January: Annual Exhibition Washington Ship Model Society. 

Februaiy: Edi&on Day, "Inventions of Thomas Alva Edison." 

April: Annual Exhibition, Metropolitan Society of Model Engineers. 

May: Morse Centennial, "One Hundred Years of the Telegraph, 1844-1944." 

GRAPHIC ARTS 

July: 36 contemporary prints selected from the collections of the division of 

graphic arts. 
August: 39 early American military prints on sheet music lent by the Misses Mc- 

Devitt and Wright, Washington, D. C. 
September: 35 prints by Jerome Myers, special memorial exhibit lent by Mis. 

Jerome Myers, New York City. 
October: 40 block prints by Zulema Barcons, New York City. 
November: 42 drypoints and 1 etching by Walter Tittle, Danbury, Conn. 
December: 48 etchings by Hans Kleiber, Dayton, Wyo. 
January: 36 etchings by Cornells Botke, Santa Paula, Calif. 
February: 16 etchings and 19 drawings by Helen A. Loggie, Bellingham, Wash. 
March: 40 etchings by Luigi Lucioni, New York City. 
April: 17 lithographs, 20 drawings, and 5 illustrations by Ben Messick, Los 

Angeles, Calif. 
May: 35 prints by 35 artists, selected from the collection of the division of graphic 

arts. 
June: 18 Chinese watercolors from the collection of the division of graphic arts. 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIES 65 

PHOTOGRAPHY 

September: 43 pictorial photographs by Rowena Fruth, Conneisville, Ind. 
September: 145 pictoiial photographs by members of the National Photographic 

Society, Washington, D. C. 
October: 34 pictorial photographs by Frank A. Noftsinger, Roanoke, Va. 
November: 50 pictorial photographs by Charles S. Martz, Aurora, Mo. 
December: 51 pictorial photographs by members of the Camera Club, New York 

City. 
January: 100 pictorial photographs by members of the Metropolitan Cameia 

Club Council, Rockville Center, N. Y. 
February: 75 pictorial photographs, the original of the plates shown in the 

^'American Annual of Photography, 1944," lent by the Ameiican Publishing, 

Co., Boston, Mass. 
March: 44 pictoiial photographs by Arthur Hammond, Boston, Mass. 
April: 71 prints, pictorial photographs by Edward C. Cros&ett, Wianno, Mass. 
May: 28 pictorial photographs by David Darvas, Cleveland, Ohio. 
June: 36 pictorial photographs by Hans Kaden, Jenkintown, Pa. 

INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH 

Research was a daily requirement of the staff in order to furnish 
information to correspondents, Governm_ent bureaus, war agencies, 
and students and to identify materials forwarded to the Museum for 
identification. In addition specific and continuing research studies of 
several members of the staff were pursued as opportunities appeared. 

Assistance to outside investigators v/as likewise a daily activity and 
was generally of two sorts — aid in the study of specific objects in the 
collections and pertinent literature and loans of materials for outside 
use. Examples of the first type of assistance rendered during the year 
are: Studies of certain woods and literature for a paper on "Uses of 
Wood in the Household during Colonial Days"; studies of the materia 
medica collections in connection with the development of a private 
museum; and studies of high-altitude flying oxygen apparatus in the 
collections in connection with a private research problem. Of the 
second type examples are: Preparing and furnishing 20 sets of impor- 
tant Latin American woods for traveling school exhibits; furnishing 
samples of cactus fiber for wicker furniture; preservation of a blood- 
stained Japanese flag; compiling an outline of waxwork technique; 
preservation of old linens; furnishing information on the kind of 
grinding faces used on millstones; on early methods of felt hat making; 
on brazil wood as a source of dye; on physical properties of woods 
suitable for archery; on identity of "perfum.e nuts," on the origin of 
the ''jeep"; and on the history of the electric motor. It is estimated 
that 1,000 requests of this nature received attention in the department 
during the year. 

DISTRIBUTION AND EXCHANGE OF SPECIMENS 

Materials distributed from the department, including specimens, 
photographs, and prints, totaled a httle over 3,000 items, or 1,000 less 
than during the preceding year. Almost nine-tenths of these are 
contained in the seven traveling exhibits of the graphic arts. These 
were on circuit throughout the year in 15 states. A total of 171 loans 
and gifts were made to educational institutions for exhibitions and 
experimental purposes and 305 items were transferred to other Gov- 
ernment bureaus. During the year, too, 457 copies, over twice that 
of the previous year, of drawings and photographs contained in the 
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey maintained in the division 



66 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

of engineering were furnished to private purchasers. This brings the 
total of such material distributed since the completion of the survey 
in 1938 to 3,979 copies. 

NUMBER OF SPECIMENS UNDER DEPARTMENT 

Engineering 17, 465 

Textiles 15, 904 

Woods and wood technology 13, 369 

Chemical industries 23, 216 

Agricultural industries, including foods 2, 233 

Medicine and public health 20, 058 

Graphic arts, including photography 47, 175 

Total „ 139,420 



_l 



DIVISION OF HISTORY 

(Theodore T, Belote, Curator) 

The past year was one of considerable activity for the division of 
history. The attention of the various members of the staff was 
directed toward several unportant projects, among them the rein- 
stallation of the permanent exhibits located in the north and west 
halls, the improvement of the status of the storage collection, the 
installation of a number of temporary exhibits, and the rearrange- 
ment of the records and sectional library. 

Much assistance was given in answering inquiries concerning the 
military and other collections. 

The position of clerk-stenographer, held at the beginning of the 
fiscal year 1943 by Miss Virginia Gait, was abolished when Miss 
Gait resigned. A new position was created, that of scientific aide, 
and Miss Margaret W. Brown was appointed in December 1943. 
Under this new arrangement the work of the division was considerably 
advanced. 

ACCESSIONS 

The number of accessions received was 57. Individual specimens 
totaled 4,388, which was 2,485 more than for the previous year. 

The collection of United States flags of historic interest was increased 
by two bunting flags of the period of the Civil War. One of these, 
presented to the Museum by Miss Grace D. Baylies, bears 34 stars 
arranged in the form of a large diagonal cross, with 4 stars arranged 
in a square in each angle of the cross. The other, presented by Miss 
Laura R. Little, has 36 stars arranged in 6 rows of 6 stars each. 

The collection of civil, naval, marine, and military medals and 
decorations was increased by specimens of several awards of these 
types established dming the present war. Among these were: 

Specimens of the Air Medal, transferred to the Museum from the 
War and Navy Departments. This medal was established by 
Executive Order, May 11, 1942, for award to members of the armed 
forces of the United States who have distinguished themselves since 
September 3, 1939, by meritorious achievement in flight. It is 
second only to the Distinguished Flying Cross. It bears on the 
obverse a bronze compass rose suspended by a pointer and charged 
with an eagle flying downward to the left carrying thunderbolts. 

Specimens of the decorations representing the four degrees of the 
Legion of Merit, namely. Chief Commander, Commander, Ofiicer, 
and Legionnaire — received from the W^ar and Navy Departments. 
These decorations were created by Act of Congress of July 20, 1942, 
for award to the personnel of the armed forces of friendly foreign 
nations and the personnel of armed forces of the United States and 
the Philippines. The recipients must have distinguished themselves 
by exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of out- 
standing services since the Presidential proclamation of emergency, 

67 



68 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

September 8, 1939. These decorations are the first to be founded by 
the United States Government for award to foreigners. The basic 
design is a 5-armed, double-pointed star of white enamel bordered 
with red, each angle of which bears two crossed arrows pointing 
toward the outer part of the star. The center of the star bears a 
gold medallion with a blue enamel center on which appear 13 5-pointed 
white stars arranged in the following manner: 1, 4, 3, 4, 1. The 
star is superimposed on a narrow wreath of laurel. The reverse of the 
medallion bears the legend "Annuit Coeptis," or ''He [God] has 
favored our undertakings," this being the legend on the reverse of 
the Great Seal of the United States, the design of which was adopted 
in 1782. The reverse side of the laurel wreath, which is plain, bears 
the legend "United States of America." 

Specimens of the Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal 
and the Mariner's Medal — received from the War Shipping Adminis- 
tration. The first of these, the Merchant Marine Distinguished 
Service Medal, was established by Joint Resolution of Congress, April 
11, 1943, for award to any person in the American Merchant Marine 
who on or after September 3, 1939, "has distinguished himself . . . 
in the line of duty." The obverse of this medal bears a silver compass 
rose imposed on a compass card; the medal depends from a small 
eagle standing before two crossed anchors surmounted by a floral 
arch. The reverse bears a disk with the United States shield in the 
center surrounded by the legend "Distinguished Service, United 
States Merchant Marine." The Mariner's Medal is awarded to any 
seaman who, while serving on a ship during the war period, is wounded, 
suffers physical injury, or suffers through dangerous exposure as the 
result of an act of an enemy of the United States. Should any such 
seaman die from the wounds or injuries before the award can be made 
to him, the medal may be presented to the person named in the war- 
risk policy as his beneficiary. The medal consists of an 8-pointed 
bronze star upon which is superimposed a silver disk bearing an eagle 
standing on an anchor. 

The collection of uniforms was increased by the addition of several 
United States Army and United States Military Academy uniforms 
of the early part of the twentieth century. These were presented by 
D. M. Lynn. Uniforms of the types worn by Army nurses and officers 
and members of the Women's Army Corps were received from the 
War Department. A series of German and Japanese uniforms cap- 
tured in Italy and the Aleutian Islands was received as a loan from 
the War Department. 

Interesting specimens added to the collection of coins and medals 
included a series of United States cents, nickels, dimes, quarters, and 
half-dollars struck at the Denver, Philadelphia, and San Francisco 
mints in 1943. These coins were transferred to the Museum from the 
Treasury Department. Interesting coins and medals were presented 
during the past year by the Honorable Frederic A. Delano as additions 
to the large and valuable series of such objects presented to the Mu- 
seum by him during the previous fiscal year. 

From Col. Hans Lagerloef was received as a gift a magnificent col- 
lection of Aguinaldo (Philippine) stamps totaling more than 2,000 
specimens. A cover franked with a 2-cent red Aguinaldo stamp post- 
marked Bataan, a locality famous for the valiant fight against the 



DIVISION OF HISTORY 69 

Japanese of the American forces under the leadership of Gen. Douglas 
MacArthur, is included. 

The Post Office Department transferred about 1,500 stamps issued 
during the past year by the United States and foreign countries. 
Among these was a special series of 12 United States stamps commem- 
orating countries that have been overrun and occupied by the Axis 
powers — Albania, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, 
France, Greece, Luxembourg, Norway, The Netherlands, Poland, 
and Yugoslavia. Each stamp bears in color the national flag of the 
country concerned. 

From the Postal Administration of Great Britain, through the U. S. 
Post Office Department, were received stamps of the Bahamas, Bar- 
bados, British Honduras, Malta, Newfoundland, Southern Rhodesia, 
and Tonga. Stamps issued for prepayment of postage on Jugoslavian 
warships and merchant vessels were presented by the Jugoslavian 
Government in exile in England also through the U. S. Post Office 
Department. The Soviet Union produced a 30-kopeck and a 3-ruble 
stamp showing the Russian, British, and American flags, commemo- 
rating the recent historic conference at Teheran. Among the stamps 
emanating from enemy countries that found their way into the Museum 
collections were two Japanese stamps commemorating the fall of 
Bataan and Corregidor, 11 stamps issued by the Japanese military 
authorities for use in the occupation of the Dutch Indies, and 14 
varieties of Japanese stamps for the army of occupation in the Philip- 
pine Islands. A large number of German stamps also were received. 

In all, 3,846 philatelic specimens were received during the year. 

INSTALLATION AND PRESERVATION OF COLLECTIONS 

Exhibition work has been of special interest to the public owing to 
the large amount of civil, mihtary, and naval materials included in the 
collections. 

The most notable new exhibit installed by the division during the 
year was a series of United States naval and military medals and 
decorations of the types awarded by the United States ¥/ar and Navy 
Departments during the period from the Civil War to the present war, 
illustrating the general development of such decorations during the 
period mentioned. Of special interest are the medals and decorations 
estabhshed during the present war, such as the Air Medal, the Legion 
of Merit Decorations, the Mariner's Medal, and the Merchant Marine 
Distinguished Service Medal. This exhibit was placed in the rotunda 
of the Arts and Industries Building. 

Progress was made during the year in the installation of a series of 
civil relics and antiques in the west haU. Although the project was 
not completed, because of the lack of suitable exhibition cases, the 
general arrangement of the hall has, nevertheless, been much improved. 

Several special exhibits were installed by the staff during the year, 
among them the following: Medals and firearms for the inspection of 
the Regents of the Smithsonian Institution on the occasion of the 
annual mieeting of the Board of Regents in January 1944; relics of 
Samuel F. B. Morse, lent to the department of engineering for a special 
exhibition of Morse memorabiha installed in tne north hall of the Arts 
and Industries Building on the occasion of the centennial anniversary 
of the sending of the first telegram in 1844. 



70 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

Some improvement was effected in the status of the numismatic 
storage series by assembling this material in the two rooms at the 
north end of the historical suite. In this space man37- numismatic items 
of scientific and popular interest have been arranged in topical and 
chronological order, so as to be conveniently available for study pur- 
poses under proper supervision. Tiiis material includes ancient, 
medieval, and modern coins that are not so well preserved as similar 
coins now on exhibition. In addition, the space now also contains a 
large series of civil, naval, and military decorations of the United 
States and foreign countries arranged topically and clu-onologicaJly 
and available for study and reference. These installations were made 
by James E,. Sirlouis, scientific aide. 

Except for the very recent issues and the stamps from Germany 
or from enemy-controlled countries, the cataloging of the postage- 
stamp collection is practically up to date. Exhibition was greatly 
improved during the year by the addition of new cabinets. 

INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH 

During the past year the members of the scientific staff of the divi- 
sion continued their work in connection with the history of arms, flags, 
insignia, costumes, coins, and stamps. 

Lots of material received for identification from outside agencies and 
individuals numbered 29. 

DISTRIBUTION AND EXCHANGE OF SPECIMENS 

Five lots (95) specimens, mostly firearms and drawings by ofiicial 
artists of World War I, were lent to individuals and Governmental 
agencies. 

NUMBER OF SPECIMENS UNDER DIVISION 

Art 1,593 

Civil 16,235 

Naval 2, 238 

Military 27,229 

Numismatic 50, 838 

Pictorial 16, 798 

Philatelic 414,602 

TotaL_____ _-_- 529,433 



ACCESSIONS DURING THE FISCAL YEAR 1943-1944 



(Except when otherwise indicated, the specimens were presented or were transferred, 
in accordance with law, by Bureaus of the Government) 



Abbott, Thomas G., Washington, 
D. C: Print entitled "George Wash- 
ington's Last Interview with His 
Mother, 1789," from the original 
painting by W. H. Powell (166079). 
Abbott Fund, W. L., Smithsonian 
Institution: 3,281 birds, plants, mol- 
lusks, mammals, and insects collected 
in Colombia by M. A. Carriker, Jr. 
(164565). 
Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa.: 52 
plants from South America (166893, 
exchange) . 
AcuNA, Ing. Julian, Habana, Cuba: 

Plant from Cuba (165500j. 

Agelasto, a. M., Alexandria, Va.: 

Heart-shaped jewel box of cloisonne 

enamel on copper (166219). 

Agricultural Experiment Stations, 

Gainesville, Fla.: (Through Dr. A. N. 

Tissot) 8 insects (166939). 

Agriculture, U. S. Department of: 

Bureau of Entomology and Plant 

Quarantine: 97 isopods, 4 amphi- 

pods, 25 ostracods, 3 mollusks, and 

3 fishes (165805, 166086, 166333, 

166530, 166791, 166940, 166961, 

167330, 167374, 167590); a colony 

of 3-banded Italian bees (167558 

loan); 6 mollusks from England 

and the Azores; 6 amphipods, 

I isopod (167588); 57,000 miscel- 
laneous insects retained by the 
various specialists out of material 
sent to the Bureau for identifi- 
cation, not covered by other acces- 
sion records (167827)'. 

Forest Service: 26 plants from Pana- 
ma (166320); 5 plants from United 
States (166687); plant from New 
Mexico (167226); 264 specimens of 
woods collected in Costa Rica, 
Panama, and Ecuador during 1943, 
in connection with the Latin 
American Forest Resources Proj- 
ect (166689, 167405, 167539); 
(through J. L. Stearns) samples of 

II woods collected in Ecuador, 
Panama, and Costa Rica under the 
Latin American Forest Resources 
Project, 1943 (166577); (through 
W. A. Dayton) 96 plants from Costa 
Rica (165761, 165885, 166066, 
166277). 



Bureau of Plant Industry: 99 plants 
from Colombia (167294, 167683); 
plant from Arizona (167484) ; 
(through Prof. H. H. Bartlett) 121 
plants (165638, 165737, 166609, 
166860); (through Dr. J. T. Bald- 
win, Jr.) 164 plants from Matto 
Grosso, Brazil (166686); (through 
Dr. O. F. Cook) 5 plants (165755); 
(through A. C. Dillman) plant from 
Oregon (166892); (through Dr. T. 
H. Kearney) 6 plants from Arizona 
(166176, 167713). 
AiTKEN, Capt. T. H. G., New York, 
N. Y. (APO): 57 mosquito larvae 
from Egypt and Naples, Italy 
(167143). 
Alabama Geological Survey, Uni- 
versity, Ala.: (Through Dr. T. Way- 
land Vaughan) 11 cotype specimens 
of Foraminifera and some duplicates 
from Caledonia, Wilcox County, Ala. 
(165744). 
Alberto, Brother TomIs, Salamina, 
Caldas, Colombia: 14 plants from 
Colombia (166643). 
Aldrich, Dr. John W. (See under 
U. S. Department of the Interior, 
Fish and Wildlife Service.) 
Alexander, Prof. C. P., Amherst, 
Mass.: 3 flies (1 larva and 2 pupae) 
from Japan (166292); 22 flies, in- 
cluding 11 paratypes (167086). 
Allard, H. a., Arlington, Va.: 1,000 
plants from Virginia and West Vir- 
ginia (166688). 
AlvaRenga, Dr. L., San Salvador, El 
Salvador: 2 slides of scale insects 
from El Salvador (167296). 
Amberson, Lt. Comdr. J. M., M. C, 
Corpus Christi, Tex.: 14 mammals 
collected at Corpus Christi Naval Air 
Training Station (166013, 166107, 
166205, 166572); (through Dr. Ernst 
Schwarz) 5 birds (116140). 
Amberson, Lt. L., Myrtle Beach, S. C: 
28 mosquito larvae mounted on slides 
(166624). 
American Bosch Corporation, Spring- 
field, Mass. : Fuel injection system for 
Diesel engines (167594). 
American Dental Association, Chi- 
cago, 111.: A collection of materials 
illustrating dentistry and oral hygiene 
(166026). 

71 



72 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



American Heart Association, New 
York, N. Y. : A series of 12 life-size 
models of normal and abnormal hearts 
(166342). 

American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York, N. Y.: An 82-gram 
slice of the Lowicz, Poland, meteorite 
(165762, exchange) ; cast of an extinct 
reptile skeleton (168989, exchange) ; 
casts of the bones of a flying reptile 
(167291, exchange); (through Dr. 
George H. Childs) 6 lots of parasitic 
worms (166454); (through Dr. Ernst 
Mayr) 20 birds (166834); (through 
John T. Nichols and Dr. C. M. 
Breder) 4 paratypes of fishes (165535, 
exchange) ; (through John T. Nichols 
and Dr. Samuel F. Hildebrand) 4 
paratypes of fishes, new species by 
Hildebrand, collected January 6, 1920, 
by Dr. R. C. Murphv at Lobos de 
Tierra Island, Peru (166341). 

American Numismatic Association, 
New York, N. Y.: (Through Sgt. 
David M. Bullowa) French coins as 
follows: 2 10-centime pieces, 1941; 
a 20-centime piece, 1941 (165725, 
loan) ; 7 coins of Italy and Tunis 
struck during 1939-1943 (167101, 
loan) . 

American Photographic Publishing 
Co., Boston, Mass.: 75 salon prints, 
reproduced in the American Annual 
of Photography, 1944 (166812, loan). 

Andrews, Prof. E. A., Baltimore, Md.: 
51,000 neritid moUusks and 850 
microscope slides pertaining to the 
Neritidae (166211). 

Anduze, Dr. Pablo J., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 7 flies, including 2 holo types 
(167102). 

Angell, J. W., New York, N. Y.: 2 
beetles, topotypes (165614, exchange). 

Anonymous: 2 diffraction gratings; 30 
photographic lenses, a collection re- 
presenting various kinds in use over 
the past 70 years; a Leyden jar 
battery, a static electric machine, and 
X-ray tube; 1 14-by-17 American 
Optical Co. View Camera and 1 View 
tripod, 12-inch head, found in photo- 
graphic laboratory and listed in an 1876 
catalog as selling for $5; 3 bird skins 
(166691, 167186, 167187, 167628, 
167831). Found in collection without 
number. 

ApoLiNAR-MARfA, Rev. Brother, Bo- 
gota, Colombia: 46 plants from 
Colombia (166436, 167105). 

Archer, Dr. W. Andrew. (See under 
Instituto Agron6mico do Norte.) 

Archino, Samuel P., Washington, 
D. C: About 1,200 mollusks from 
Trinidad, also 12 specimens of coral 
(165525). 



Arkansas Geological Survey, Little 
Rock, Ark.: (Through H. E. 
Wheeler) Specimen of novaculite from 
Hot Springs, Ark. (167708). 

Arnold, George. (See under National 
Museum of Southern Rhodesia.) 

Arnold, Lillian. (See under Univer- 
sity of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.) 

AsHBURN, W. R., Woodbridge, Va.: 
5 amphipods from a well (165546). 

Auto-Ordnance Corporation, New 
York, N. Y.: A Thompson sub- 
machine gun (165719). 

AviLEz, Ignacio, Washington, D. C: 
31 specimens of Mexican paper 
currency (165739). 

Bahovec, Fred, Baranof, Alaska: 1 
sponge, 1 polychaete worm, 3 leeches, 
2 crabs, 4 anemones, and some 
mollusks (165718). 

Baker, Capt. J. A., Ithaca, N. Y.: 21 
mammals from Canada (166108, 
166257, 166549, 166917). 

Baker, James S., Washington, D. C: 
Specimen of native silver and chalco- 
cite from Cole mine, 1,200 level, near 
Bisbee, Ariz. (167824). (See also 
under Foreign Economic Administra- 
tion.) 

Baldwin, Dr. J. T., Jr., Miami, Fla. 
(See under U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry.) 

Ball, Dr. C. R., Washington, D. C: 
2 plants from Texas (165499, ex- 
change) ; 13 plants (166278, exchange). 

Ball, William Howard, Washington, 
D. C: Collection of marine inverte- 
brates, 1 insect larva, and 3 lots of 
mollusks from Dare County, N.C., 
and Virginia Beach, Va, (166137). 

Balls, Edward K., Arlington, Va. : 
158 plants from Virginia (167839). 

Bandy, Mark C. (See under Mr. 
Coope and Fernando Araya Vald^s.) 

Banks, Prof. Nathan, Cambridge, 
Mass.: 25 amphipods (166932). (See 
also under Harvard University, Mu- 
seum of Comparative Zoology.) 

Barbour, Dr. Thomas. (See under 
Harvard University, Museum of 
Comparative Zoology.) 

Barcons, Zulema, New York, N. Y.: 
40 block prints with monotype com- 
bination, for special exhibition, Sep- 
tember 27 to October 24, 1943 
(166127, loan); 4 block prints of a 
single subject, "Andromeda," each 
print an individual variation of an 
original process developed by the 
donor (166835). 

Barker, R. Wright, Houston, Tex.: 
(Through T. Wayland Vaughan) Thin 
sections of 2 species of aforaminifer 
from near San Pedro Miradores, 
State of Veracruz, Mexico (165745). 



ACCESSIONS 



73 



Barkley, Dr. Fred A. (See under 
University of Texas.) 

Barley, Edmund E. (See under Ed- 
mund U. Barley.) 

Barley, Edmund U. (deceased) : 
(Through Edmund E. Barley) Flax 
hetchel, dated 1739, which was used 
for 200 years by members of the 
Barley family in Ulster County, 
N. Y. (165907). 

Bartlett, Dr. H. H. (See under U. S. 
Department of Agriculture, Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

Bartlett, Capt. Robert A., New 
York, N. Y. : Marine invertebrates, 
echinoderms, mollusks^, fish, insects, 
and plants, from northern waters; 
also some fossils (165293). 

Bartley, Floyd, Circieville, Ohio: 2 
plants from Ohio (167099). 

Bartsch, Dr. Paul, Washiugton, D. C: 
A collection of reptiles from Lebanon 
Farm, Virginia, made in 1943-44 
(167715). 

Baughman, J. L., Houston, Tex.: 7 
fishes from Texas (166874). 

Bausor, Dr. Sydney C, Salinas, Calif.: 
Plant from California (166759). 

Bayer, Corp. • Frederick M., Venice, 
Fla.: 28 m.cllusks from Florida 
(166271). 

Baylies, Grace D., East Orange, N. J.: 
(Through Mrs. Charles C. Burt) 
United States national flag made 
during Civil War (167155). 

Beach, Jessie G., Washington, D. C: 
1 skin of yellow-billed cuckoo (167773). 

Beamer, Prof. R. H., Lawrence, Kans.: 
6 paratypes of insects (166777, 
exchange) . 

Bean, Barton A., Washington, D.C.: 
21 fishes from Barnegat Bay, Seaside 
Park, N. J., collected bv donor in 
July and August 1926 (166532). 

Beattie, R, Kent, Washington, D. C: 
Rain cape of palm fiber collected by 
the donor from the Taiwan of central 
Formosa in 1928 (166542). 

Beatty, Harry A., Christiansted, St. 
Croix: 4 mammals and 6 sets of bird 
eggs from Virgin Islands (166049, 
166228, 166649, 167834). (See also 
under U. S. Department of the 
Interior.) 

Becker, Mrs. George F., Washington, 
D. C: Two earthenware alabastra 
from an unnamed site near Sbeitla, 
about 60 miles southv.est of Kairwan, 
Tunisia (166743). 

Beebe, Dr. William, New York, N. Y. : 
Two fishes, holotypes, collected in 
Caripito, Venezuela, by the donor in 
1942 (166264). (bee also under New 
York Zoological Society.) 

Behr, Ensign E. A. (See under U. S. 
Navy Department.) 



Behre, Dr. Ellinor H., Baton Rouge, 
La.: About 40 marine invertebrates 
and 2 holothurians (165896). (See 
also under Louisiana State Univer- 
sity.) 

Ben Day, Inc., New York, N. Y.: 1 
framed screen of Ben Day film #509B 
(166579). 

Benedict, J. E., Jr., Washington, 
D. C: 13 plants from eastern United 
States (165711, exchange). 

Benn, Raymond, Portsmouth, Va.: 5 
projectile points and a chipped blade 
found in Portsmouth, Norfolk Coun- 
ty, Va. (165529). 

Bequaert, Dr. Joseph C, Boston, 
Mass.: 6 wasps — paratypes of 2 
species (165555, exchange); 1 wasp, 
paratype (165953). 

Berry, Dr. C. T. (See under Johns 
Hopkins University.) 

BiLLE, Bert, Brandon, Wis.: 1 Dutch 
Bible, printed in 1690; 1 Dutch book, 
"Historisch Sterf-Huys," printed by 
Joannes Borstius in 1668; and 3 
arrowheads from Wisconsin (^167511). 

BiRCKHEAD, Hugh, New York, N. Y. 
13 birds from North Africa (165664, 
165833). 

Bjorkman, John G., Los Angeles, 
Calif. : 1 engraving on plastic of a 
composite subject including a statue 
of Robert E. Lee, with Lincoln, the 
Capitol, and P-38's in background 
(Pat, 2126088); 1 engraving on plastic 
of a mountain trout in colors (167469). 

Blake, Dr. S. F., Arlington, Va.: 19 
lots, 47 mollusks; 2 lots of crabs; 1 
echinoderm; and 6 lots of fish, ail from 
the Pleistocene of Wailes Bluff, Md. 
(166151); 1 metacarpal of a fossil seal 
from Calvert formation, Miocene, 
zone 10, Scientists Cliff, Calvert 
County, Md. (166547); 3 m.olkisks 
from Mona Island, Puerto Rico 
(167692). 

Blake, S. T., Brisbane, Queensland: 76 
specimens and 1 photograph of grasses 
from Australia (167510, exchange). 

Blakely, E, B., Wallingfcrd, Conn.: A 
collection of 209 photographic nega- 
tives of eary automobiles (166403). 

Bliss, Elizabeth B., Vv^ashington, 
D. C: Collection of toy soldiers of 
the latter part of the 19th century 
(166770). 

Bliss, Hon. and Mrs. Robert Yv^oods, 
Washington, D. C: Woven, decora- 
tive tent border from the Yemen, 
Southwest Arabia (165905). 

Blue, George V., Washicgton, D. C: 
Antique sugar bowl of Britannia ware 
(165690). 

Blystone, E. L., Ardara, Pa.: 1 wood 
frog found under 5 feet of shale rock 
at Ardara (165651). 



74 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



BoHART, Ensign Richard M., Williams- 
burg, Va.: 15 slides, representing 15 
species of mosquitoes, and 1 beetle 
(166909, 167624). 

BoHLs, Dr. S. W., Austin, Tex.: 7 
mosquitoes (166303, exchange). (See 
also under Texas State Board of 
Health.) 

Bolton, Theodore, New York, N. Y. : 

8 etchings by the donor (165853). 
Boos, C. IvI., Hyattsville, Md.: 1 speci- 
men of sylvite and blue halite from 
mine of U. S. Potash Co. near Carls- 
bad, N. Mex. (166331). 

BoTKB, CoRNELis, Santa Paula, Calif.: 
36 etchings by Cornells Botke, for 
special exhibition, January 3 to 30, 
1944 (166626, loan). 

BoTTiMER, L. J., Beltsville, Md.: A 
small collection of beetles, including 
the first recorded specimen of one 
species from Louisiana (165764). 

Bourgeois, Marie E., Mexico, D. F.: 
1,490 moUusks, 10 caddisfiy cases, 2 
phyllopods, and 8 beetles from Mex- 
ico (165758, 166071, 166534). 

BouRQUiN, Fernando, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: A small collection of eggs, 
bJown larvae, pupae, cocoons, and 
adults of Lepidoptera from Argentina; 
5 insects, including 4 new to the 
Museum collections (165669, 167236). 

Bower, W. J., bt. Petersburg, Fla.: 9 
moUusks from Tampa Bay, Fla 
(166372, exchange) ; 8 eggs and 
a young octopus (166742). 

Bowman, Dr. John R., Pittsburgh, Pa.: 

9 beetles, representing 6 species, all 
by types and 3 by paratypes as well 
(165496, exchange). 

Bracelin, Mrs. H. P., Berkeley, Calif.: 
8 ferns from Peru (131387). 

Bradley, Walter W. (See under Cali- 
fornia Department of Natural Re- 
sources.) 

Breckinridge, Sophonisba P., Chi- 
cago, 111.: Silver cup made by the 
American silversmith T. J. Shepard 
and bearing an inscription including 
the name of Margaret Desha, the 
great, great grandmother of the donor 
(166402); sterling silver pitcher 
(American) made about 1856 and 
bearing maker's mark "Kinsey" 
(167252). 

Breder, Dr. C. M. (See under Ameri- 
can Museum of Natural History.) 

Brenckle, Dr. J. F., Mellette, S. Dak.: 
21 plants, mostly from South Dakota 
(166652). 

Brenner Photo Co., Washington, D. 
C: 1 Watkins exposure meter, 1880 
and 1 amateur oil-burning dark-room 
lamp (165668); 1 Agfa flashlight lamp 
and 1 sparking flashlight lamp burn- 
ing flashlight powder (165855); 4 
pieces of early photographic apparatus 



(167047); 1 box camera and roll of 
film, of about 1900 (167528); 1 Weno 
Hawk-eye roll film camera #2, manu- 
factured by Blair Camera Co., 
Rochester, N. Y. (167696). 

Bridwell, J. C, Falls Church, Va.: 2 
salamanders and a greensnake from 
Virginia collected in 1943-44 (167714). 

Brigham Young University, Provo, 
Utah : (Through Dr. Vasco M. Tanner) 
3 weevils, paratypes of 2 species 
(165039, exchange). 

Brinkman, A. H., Craigmyle, Alberta: 
23 grasses from Canada (166524, 
166782). 

British Museum (Natural History), 
London, England: 1 plaster cast of a 
carboniferous crlnoid (holotype) 
(166955).; 

Brooking, Dr. A. M. (See under Hast- 
ings Museum.) 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, 
N. Y.: 184 plants from Ecuador and 
Peru (165795). 

Brooks, A. B. (See under Canadian 
Government, Department of Agri- 
culture.) 

Brooks, Dr. John L., New Haven, 
Conn.: 1 isopod from ant's nest 
(166236). 

Brooks, Mrs. Morgan, Washington, 
D. C: Pair of high white-kid but- 
toned shoes, period of the 19th cen- 
tury (165689). 

Brown, Joseph M., Arlington, Va.: 
Woman's costume consisting of scarf, 
jacket, and skirt of hand-woven abaca 
cloth, obtained by donor in 1909 
from a woman weaver at Loreto or La 
Paz, southern Agusan Province, Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands (166640). 

Brown, W. L., Washington, D. C: 
2 squirrels collected at Goldsboro, 
N. C, December 12, 1929 (166573). 

Buehler, Dr. H. A., Rolla, Mo.: A 
specimen of flintlike clay, boehmite, 
from near Swiss, Gasconade County, 
Mo. (166990). 

Bullowa, Sgt. David M (See under 
American Numismatic Association.) 

BuRCH, John Q., Redondo Beach, 
Calif.: Approximately 1,000 mollusks 
from Redondo Beach (166694). 

Burke, Jackson, San Francisco, Calif.: 
1 book, "Prelum to Albion" by Jack- 
son Burke (167776). 

Burke, Pfc. James P., San Francisco, 
Calif. (APO): 101 butterflies repre- 
senting 35 species or forms, of which 
22 are new to our collection (167251). 

Burke, Mrs. Pauline Wilcox, Wash- 
ington, D. C: Silver medal of Pope 
Leo XIII, 1891, and photographs of 
two portraits of Emily Tennessee 
Donelson (165821). 



ACCESSIONS 



75 



BuRRiLL, A. C, Jefferson City, Mo.: A 
collection of miscellaneous insects 
(166003). 

Burt, Mrs. Charles C. (See under 
Grace D. Baylies.) 

Burt, Prof. Charles E., Winfield 
Kans.: 140 moUusks from Germany 
(167138). 

Burton, Robert E., San Francisco, 
Calif.: 14 plants (grasses) from New 
Hebrides (167418). 

Butts, Dr. Donald C. A., Washington, 
D. C.: 2 snakes, 4 frogs, and 2 birds 
from Trinidad and British Guiana 
(166339). 

Buxton, Prof. P. A., London, England: 
20 mosquitoes, representing 8 species 
(166698). 

Cabal C, Adriano. (See under Colom- 
bia Department of Agriculture.) 

Caballero C, Dr. Eduardo, Mexico, 
D. F.: 4 cotypes of helminths (167353, 
167468). 

Caldwell, Dr. J. S., Circleville, Ohio: 
1 paratype of insect (165608, ex- 
change) . 

California Academy of Sciences, San 
Francisco, Calif.: 21 plants from 
Mexico (164400, 165862, exchange); 
27 plants from western United States 
(166552, 166750, 167600, exchange) ; 
1 plant from Greenland (167027, 
exchange) . 

California Art Products, Inc., Santa 
Monica, Calif.: 3 vases and 2 bowls 
of Hollywood ware (167281). 

California Department of Natural 
Resources, Division of Mines, San 
Francisco, Calif.: (Through Walter 
W. Bradley) 4 crystals of scheelite 
from Marengo district, San Bernar- 
dino County, Calif. (166696). 

California, University of, Berkeley, 
Calif.: 694 plants from Peru (166933, 
exchange). 

Callan, Dr. E. McC, Trinidad, B. W. 
I.: (See under Imperial College of 
Tropical Agriculture.) 

Camera Club, The, New York, N. Y.: 
51 pictorial photographs for exhibi- 
tion during December 1943 (166599, 
loan). 

Canadian Government, Ottawa, 
Ontario: 
Department of Agriculture, Entomo- 
logical Branch: 1 insect (166665); 
(through A. B. Brooks) 9 flies 
(166274); (through T. N. Freeman) 
2 moths (164473); (through Dr. 
Robert G. Glen) 51 beetle larvae, 
representing 15 species; 10 speci- 
mens and cast of skins of 3 in,sect 
larvae (143991, exchange; 165954); 
(through Hugh B, Leech) 4 beetles, 
all paratypes (166520). 
Geological Survey, Biological Division: 
85 fishes received in 1918 partly 



from Canadian Stefansson Expedi- 
tion to the Arctic, 1913-1916 
(166258). 
National Museum of Canada: (through 
H. T. Harkness) 186 plants from 
New Brunswick (167682, exchange) . 

Canfield Fund, Smithsonian Institu- 
tion: 1 covellite specimen from Butte, 
Mont., and 1 libethenite specimen 
from Yerington, Nev. (167621). 

Cannon, Francis M., Washington, 
D. C: Kentucky rifle of the early 
part of the 19th century (165901). 

Capital Transit Co., Washington, 
D. C: 3 models — 2 street cars and 1 
bus (166731, loan). 

Carborundum Co., Niagara Falls, N. 
Y.: 4 transparencies iflustrating the 
manufacture of carborundum 
(166523). 

CIrdenas, Dr. Martin, Cochabamba, 
Bolivia: 45 plants from Bolivia 
(165698). 

Carnegie Institution of Washing- 
ton, Washington, D. C: Oil painting 
by Joseph Lindon Smith entitled 
"Sculptured Bas Relief Below Temple 
of the Jaguars" at Chichen-ltzd, 
Yucatdn (166153); the Albert Mann 
Diatom Collection, comprising ap- 
proximately 8,000 mounted diatom 
slides, more than 200 diatom nega- 
tives, 300 lantern slides, several 
thousand of samples of crude diatom 
material (estimated about 10,000 to 
12,000 samples), including bottles of 
recent material and fossil earths 
(167206). 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa.: 
(through Dr. L. K. Henry) 521 
plants (165989, exchange). 

Carpenter, Maj. Stanley J. (See War 
Departm.ent, Fourth Service Com- 
mand Medical Laboratory.) 

Carr, Mary Louise, Washington, 
D. C: A French color print, "L'Am- 
ant Surpris," after the painting by F. 
Schall, engraved by C. M. Des- 
courtis (167264). 

Cartwright, O. L., Clemson College, 
S. C: 28 beetles, including holotypes 
of 8 species, paratypes of 5 other 
species (167555, exchange); 1 beetle 
(166171). 

Case, Katie E,, Davenport, Iowa: 
Bronze coat button of the type worn 
by admirers of William Henry Har- 
rison, during the presidential cam- 
paign of 1840 (165915). 

Cassel, Sgt. Joseph F., Wyomissing, 
Pa.: 3 bird skins (165820). 

Castle Dome Copper Co., Miami, 
Ariz,: (through Harold D. Maryott) 
2 wulfenites from the 4350 bench of 
the Castle Dome mine near Miami, 
and 1 lot of green druse (unidentified) 
(167471). 



76 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



Cauvin, Andre, New York, N. Y.: A 
collection of photographs by Mr. 
Cauvin entitled ''Belgian Congo at 
War," for special exhibition during 
April 1944 (167055, loan). 

Ceough, Richard, New York, N. Y.: 
Man's costume collected by the donor 
from the Chamula Indians of Zinac- 
atan, Chiapas, Mexico, consisting 
of trousers and 2 ponchos of hand- 
woven cotton, a hand-woven woolen 
belt, a scarf, skin bag, and a double- 
weave straw hat (166543). 

Chamberlain Fund, Frances Lea, 
Smithsonian Institution, Washing- 
ton, D. C: 1 pink topaz from Brazil, 
weighing 34.1 carats (165831). 

Chancellor, J. L. (See under Dr. 
G. W. Harley.) 

Chandler, Prof. Asa C, Houston, 
Tex. (See under Rice Institute.) 

Chapin, Dr. E. A., Washington, D. C: 

1 cast-iron pin tray in form of beetle, 
late 1800's (166276). (See also under 
Smithsonian Institution, U. S. 
National Museum.) 

Chardon, Dr. Carlos E., Mayagiiez, 
Puerto Rico: Specimen of plant 
(165898). 

Chase, Mrs. Agnes, Washington, D. 
C: 356 grasses from Australia 
(165534, 165657, 195691, 166809, 
167053, 167261, 167677); 17 grasses 
from China, collected by H. Sheehan 
(165616); 49 miscellaneous grasses 
(165776); 8 grasses from Fiji Islands 
(166891); 2 grasses from Argentina 
(167229); 107 grasses from various 
sources (167293). 

Chicago Natural History Museum, 
Chicago, 111,: 2 ferns from Peru 
(166493, exchange); 58 plants largely 
from Guatemala (166895, exchange) ; 
15 fishes (166995, exchange); 1 photo- 
graph of type specimen of plant 
(167014, exchange) ; 7 plants from 
Hawaiian Islands (167208, exchange), 

Childress, Dr. M., Huntington, W. 
Va. : Pitted discoidal stone found 
near Unionville, Iowa (165799). 

Childs, Dr. George H. (See under 
American Museum of Natural His- 
tory.) 

Chrysler, Prof. M. A., New Bruns- 
wick, N. J.: 7 photographs of ferns 
(166749.) 

Clark, Dr. Hubert L, (See under Har- 
vard University, Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology.) 

Cleaves, Mrs. Minerva C, Westfield, 
Mass.: 9 engraved wood blocks and 

2 wood engravings, "Swift River, 
Conway, N. H." and " Intervale, Mt. 
Washington," by W. P. Cleaves 
(166110.) 

Clebsch, Alfred, Clarksville, Tenn.: 
2 grasshopper sparrows (165882). 



Clement, Brother, Santiago, Cuba: 
21 ferns from Cuba (165913, 167498). 

Clements, J. Morgan, Demopolis, 
Ala.: Chinese Buddha of wax coated 
with pearl nacre (165771); 2 Korean 
and 1 Chinese bronze mirrors, a small 
Chinese bronze vase and a piece 
Chinese knife money of the late Chou 
period, and 2 Chinese hair ornaments 
(165513). 

Clench, William J., Cambridge, Mass. 
(See under Harvard University, Mu- 
seum of Comparative Zoology.) 

Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Co., Cleveland, 
Ohio: (Through Comdr. W. M. Con- 
nelly) Model of Great Lakes steamer 
William G. Mather (167194). 

Closson, a. B., Jr., Co., Cincinnati, 
Ohio: 10 prints of scenes during the 
period of the Greely Relief Expedi- 
tion, 1884 (165486). 

Clover, Dr. Elzada U., Ann Arbor, 
Mich.: 35 grasses from Arizona 
(166836). 

Cockerell, Prof. T. D. A., Boulder, 
Colo.: 3,981 bees from donor's per- 
sonal collection (165878); 210 in- 
cluding many named bees new to the 
collection (167704). 

CoE, Prof. W. R., La Jolla, Calif.: 13 
inollusks from California (166323, 
167737). 

CoKER, Prof. R. E., Chapel Hill, N. C: 
15 slides of fresh- water copepods (11+ 
specimens) (165643). 

Colombia Department of Agricul- 
ture, Barranquilla, Colombia: 
(Through Adriano Cabal C.) A 
small collection of miscellaneous in- 
sects from Colombia (165487). 

Columbia Institution for the Deaf, 
Washington, D. C: Herbarium of 
the late John W. Chickering, Jr., con- 
sisting of 10,550 specimens of plants, 
mostly from the United States 
(167838). 

Co mi si ON db BotXnica, Secretaria 
de Agricultura y Fomerdo, Caii, Co- 
lombia: 119 plants from Colombia 
(166186, exchange). 

CoNARD, Prof, Henry S., Grinnell, 
Iowa: 80 mosses (167013). 

Connelly, Comdr. W. M,, Washington, 
D. C, (See under Cleveland-Cliffs 
Iron Co.) 

Cook, Dr. O. F. (See under U. S, De- 
partment of Agriculture, Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

Cooke, Dr. C. Wythe. (See under 
Hugh litis.) 

Cooke, Samuel Lee, Upper Marlboro, 
Md.: 1 red-tailed hawk in the flesh 
(166625), 

Cooley, Dr. R. A. (See under Fed- 
eral Security Agency, U. S. Public 
Health Service.) 



ACCESSIONS 



77 



CooPE, Mr., and FernXndo Araya 

Valdes, Antofagasta, Chile: 
(Through Mark C. Bandy) 1 speci- 
men of the Maria Elena, Chile, 
meteorite weighing 15% kilograms 
(166302). 

Cooper, Mrs. Delila, Sylacauga, Ala.: 
(Through E. A. Kelly) 1 set of pha- 
ryngeal bones bearing teeth of the 
"freshwater drumfish," dug up in 
donor's yard (166252). 

Cooper, Dr. G. Arthur, Washington, 
D. C.: 1,145 mollusks, 67 brachio- 
pods, 3 starfish, and 7 barnacles, all 
from Sinaloa, Sonora, and Veracruz, 
Mexico (167736). (See also under 
Smithsonian Institution, U. S. Na- 
tional Museum.) 

Cooper, Prof. K. W., Princeton, N. J.: 
177 pinned beetles and 17 vials of 
alcoholic specimens from Barro Colo- 
rado Island, Canal Zone (167144). 

CoREA, Lt. Luis F., Naval Air Station, 
Patuxent River, Md.: 150 specimens 
of marine shells from Gambia, West 
Africa (167693). 

Cornell University, Department of 
Zoology, Ithaca, N. Y.: (Through 
Edgardo Mondolfi) A collection of 
frogs from Venezuela collected by 
Edgardo Mondolfi and Gaston Vivas- 
Berthier (166031). 

CoRNMAN, Mrs. M. Alice, Washing- 
ton, D. C: 81 plants from Panama 
(166154); 33 plants from Florida 
(166702). 

CoTTAM, Dr. Clarence. (See under 
U. S. Department of the Interior, 
Fish and Wildlife Service.) 

Cotton-Textile Institute, Inc., New 
York, N. Y.: 27 cotton fabrics pro- 
duced by American manufacturers 
for the spring and summer of 1944 
(166813). 

Council for Scientific and In- 
dustrial Hesearch, Canberra City, 
A. C. T., Australia: (Through Wilham 
Hartley) 120 grasses from Australia 
(166109, exchange). 

Craighead, Ensigns Frank C, Jr., 
and John H. (See under Smith- 
sonian Institution, U. S. National 
Museum.) 

Cram, Dr. Eloise B. (See under 
Federal Security Agency, U. S. 
Public Health Service.) 

Creaser, Dr. Edwin P., Brunswick, 
Ga.r 17 isopods (167546, 167676). 

Crockett, Dr. R. L., Oneida, N. Y.: 
137 plants from Texas (167753). 

Cropley, Ralph E. (See under Presi- 
dent Franklin Delano Roosevelt.) 

Crossett, Edward C, Wianno, Mass.: 
71 pictorial photographs (166246, 
loan) . 

662679—45 6 



Crowson, Dr. Roy A., Kent, England: 
4 insects (167416, exchange). 

CuRTiss, Anthony, Port-au-Prince, 
Haiti: A small collection of bats, 
reptiles, amphibians, fishes, crusta- 
ceans, and insects from Haiti (166605) . 

Custis, Mrs. Eleanor Parke, Wash- 
ington, D. C: 4 pictorial photo- 
graphs, "Port of Dreams," "Palaver," 
"Fog," and "Guardian of the Village" 
(167529). 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 10 plants from Bolivia (165537). 

Daggy, Lt. R. H., Bethesda, Md.: 36 
insects (167181). 

Dampf, Dr. Alfonso, Mexico, D. F.: 
A wood-rat skin from Sabinas, 
Coahuila (167079). 

Daniel, Brother, Medellin, Colombia: 
84 mollusks and a small collection of 
insects from Colombia (165782, 
166529); 59 plants from Colombia 
(166642, 167052). 

Daphnis, Sgt. George, San Francisco, 
Calif. (APO): 1 grasshopper (167404). 

Darte, Mrs. M. H., Washington, D. C: 
An oil painting entitled "An Incident 
of the Battle of Churubusco, August 
20, 1847. Sergeant Kenaday Un- 
loading a Powder Wagon" (167180). 

Darvas, David, Cleveland, Ohio: 28 
pictorial photographs for special ex- 
hibition, May 1-15, 1944 (167470, 
loan) . 

Davis, E. W., Washington, D. C: 
7,489 miscellaneous insects represent- 
ing 638 species in 163 genera (165798). 

Davis, Major H. A. (See under War 
Department, Army Medical Mu- 
seum.) 

Davis, Mrs. William C, Arlington, 
Va.: Tiahuanacoid pottery vessel 
found east of Lake Titicaca between 
Conzata and Tacacoma, State of La 
Paz, Bolivia, purchased from the 
natives in July 1943 by William C. 
Davis (167680). 

Dayton, W. A. (See under U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture, Forest Serv- 
ice.) 

Decker, Dr. Charles E., Norman, 
Okla. : 34 Cambrian brachiopods from 
Oklahoma (167642). 

Deering, a. J., New York, N. Y.: 
Cotype male of a tropical fish (165626) . 

Degener, Otto, New York, N. Y.r 137 
plants from the western United States 
(164630, 165903); 178 plants from 
Hawaii and western United States 
(165601). 

Deichmann, Dr. Elisabeth. (See 
under Harvard University, Museum 
of Comparative Zoology.) 

Delano, Hon. Frederic A., Washing- 
ton, D. C: 42 coins, tokens, and 
medals and 2 Indian necklaces 



78 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 19 44 



(166088); 56 gold, silver, and bronze 
coins of the United States and 
foreign countries and bronze medals 
of the United States (166178); medals 
and decorations of France and the 
United States awarded to the donor 
in recognition of services performed 
during the First World War; a 
bronze medal presented to the Hon. 
James C. Peasley as one of the 
directors of the World's Columbian 
Exposition, Chicago, in 1893; a 
portrait medal of John Gutenberg, 
and bronze copy of gold medal 
awarded to George Washington by 
Continental Congress (13 specimens) 
(166361). 

Departamento db Zoologica, Sao 
Paulo, Brazil: (Through Dr. Oliverio 
M. de Oliveira Pinto) 1 bird skin 
(165986, exchange). 

Depauw University, Greencastle, In- 
diana: 106 plants (165796, exchange); 
25 plants from Alabama (167148, 
exchange) . 

Deschapelles, Ing. George B., Salida, 
Cuba: 20 beetles (165674). 

Dbsebt Silver, Inc., Nivloc, Nev. (See 
under William J. Moore.) 

Design Center, Inc., New York 
N. Y.: 8 black plastic recognition 
models of aircraft (167157). 

DiEKE, Dr. G. H., Baltimore, Md.: 4 
coccinellid beetles (166648). 

Dill, William A., Fresno, Calif.: 1 
crayfish (166237). 

Dillman, a. C. (See under U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture, Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

DisMANT, Carl I., Denver, Colo.: 1 
specimen of gold ore from Itogon 
m.ine, Baguio, Benguet Province, 
Philippines (166469). 

DoBsoN, Dr. W. H. Yeungkong, 
Kwangtung, China: Specimen of 
Chinese "sack cloth" (167115). 

Dodge & Olcott Co., Eayonne, N. J.: 
A specimen of oil of cajeput (165532) ; 
6 2-ounce specimens of official me- 
dicinal oils for addition to materia- 
medica collections (167627). 

Drake, Prof. Carl J.: Ames, Iowa: 5 
iacebugs (1 a paratype) , representing 4 
genera (166255); 19 bugs, represent- 
ing 12 species, 8 of which are repre- 
sented by 11 paratypes (166619); 14 
insects, representing 5 species of 
Hemiptera, 1 by a paratype (166808). 

Dreisbach, R. R., Midland, Mich.: 3 
insects, holotypes and a female para- 
type (165615). 

Dryander, Mrs. Edith, Call, Colombia: 
72 plants from Colombia (166187). 

DucHANOis, Ensign F. R., Corpus 
Christi, Tex.: 1 fish and 1 shrimp from 
Corpus Christi Bay taken by J. O. 



Johnson, AMM 1/c, November 19, 
1943 (166397). 
Dunn, Lawrence H., Ovid, N. Y.: 1 

insect, holotype (167625). 
Dutilly, Father, Washington, D. C: 
(Through Dr. Hugh T. O'Neill) 78 
miscellaneous insects collected by the 
donor in northwest Canada (165550). 
Eastwood, Lt. Kenneth N., Wash- 
ington, D. C: Percussion lock target 
rifle, period of 1860 (166021). 
Edmondson, Dr. C. H., Honolulu, 
T. H.: 4 mollusks from Hawaii 
(166124); 1 polyclad worm (166769); 
1 vial each of eggs and adults of a 
new species of polyclad worms 
(167166). 
Egberts, William H., Washington, 

D. C: 2 miter jigs (167772). 
Elson Co., Inc., Belmont, Mass.: 3 
reproductions in photogravure of old 
masters: "Angels' Heads," by 
Reynolds; "The Boyhood of Raleigh," 
by Millais; and a landscape "Return 
to the Farm," by Troyon (166364). 
Ely, Prof. Charles A., Honolulu, T. 
H.: 6 echinoderms from Hawaii 
(165568, exchange). 
Emery, D. L., St. Petersburg, Fia.: 22 

mollusks from Florida (166332). 
Everly, Rebecca E., Macomb, 111.: 3 
hand-woven coverlets in plain, twill, 
and damask weaves; a printed and 
reversible Paisley shawl; 2 doilies 
embroidered in color and edged with 
Battenburg lace; a hardanger scarf 
and a large embroidered doily with 
crocheted edge (164228, bequest). 
Fairchtld, Dr. Graham B., Ancon, 
Canal Zone: 9 mosquitoes, represent- 
ing 9 species, 7 by paratypes (166582). 
Falkenau, Col. Robert M., Washing- 
ton, D. C: 1 Hammond Multiplex 
typewriter, serial no. 229461A1, c. 
1920 (166082). 
Federal Security Agency: 

Public Health Service, Bethesda, Md. : 
4 mollusks from Florida (167523): 
(Through Dr. Eloise B, Cram) 234 
mollusks from Florida, Louisiana, 
Texas, Alabama, and California 
(166722, 165790, 165792, 166517); 
(Through Dr. W. H. Wright) 1 
specimen of dipterous insect 
(166259). 
Public Health Service, Hamilton, 
Mont. : (Through Dr. R. A. Cooley) 
6 ticks comprising 4 paratype adults 
and 2 paratype nymphs (166349, 
166683) ; 44 lots of insects collected 
in Assam, India, by Dr. W. L. 
Jellison, 110 pinned specimens of 
miscellaneous insects and a collec- 
tion of miscellaneous insects from 
the western States (167406); 23 
vials of insects collected in Assam, 
India (167319). 



ACCESSIONS 



79 



Public Health Service, San Francisco, 
Calif.: (Through F. M. Prince) 6 
fleas, paratypes (166721). 
Public Health Service, San Juan, 
Puerto Rico: (Through Dr. Harr}^ 
D. Pratt and J. Maldonado) A col- 
lection of miscellaneous insects 
taken in a trap lantern at the base 
of El Yunque in the Luquillo 
National Forest, Puerto Rico 
(166589); (through Dr. Harry D. 
Pratt) 128 mosquitoes and 11 
slides of terminalia, comprising 58 
adults and 70 larvae and represent- 
ing 28 species, collected in Puerto 
Rico; 22 mosquitoes or parts 
(165656, 167623). 
Fendrick, Estate of Mrs. Virgiima S., 
Franklin County, Pa.: Invitation to 
the Inaugural Reception of President 
James A. Garfield and Vice President 
Chester A. Arthur at the National 
Museum March 4, 1881 (165919). 
Fennah, Dr. R. G., Castries, St. Lucia, 
B. W. I.: 105 specimens of lantern- 
flies, representing 54 species, all type 
material including 45 holotypes, and 
12 species of named material (165459) ; 
approximately 200 insects from Trini- 
dad and 31 shells (165515) ; 26 insects 
representing 20 species, 16 of v/hich 
are represented bv type material 
(166610). 
Fernald, Dr. H. T., Winter Park, Fla.: 

5 Lepidoptera (167048). 
Fernald, Dr. M. L. (See under Har- 
vard University, Gray Herbarium.) 
Ferreyra, Dr. Ramon. (See under Dr. 

Enrique del Solar.) 
Fessenden, G. R., Washington, D. C: 
3 plants from the vicinity of Wash- 
ington (167562). 
Field, William D., Washington, D. C: 
3,297 butterflies, including 37 holo- 
types and 160 allotypes and para- 
types representing 40 species and 
varieties (166105). 
FiGGiNS, J. D. (See under University of 

Kentucky.) 
Fischer, O. H. (See under Union 

Diesel Engine Co.) 

Fisher, Dr. A. K., Washington, D. C: 

29 lion claws from Ethiopia (166611). 

Fisher, Prof. D. Jerome, Chicago, 111.: 

A specimen of lithiophilite from the 

Black Hills of South Dakota (165528). 

Fisher, George L,, Houston, Tex.: 71 

plants from Texas (166675). 
Fisher, Dr. Walter K., Pacific Grove, 
Calif.: 86 specimens of invertebrates 
including 2 abnormal starfishes from 
California (165547, 165848). 
Fisheries Research Board of Can- 
ada, Atlantic Biological Station, St. 
Andrews, New Brunswick: 4 amphi- 
pods from stream near Aulac, New 
Brunswick (166291). 



Florida Power & Light Co., Miami, 
Fla.: (Through Robert E. Pierce) 
Electric cable from Lake Worth, Fla., 
containing boring mollusks respon- 
sible for its destruction (167764). 

Florida, University of, Gainesville, 
Fla.: (Through Lillian Arnold) Speci- 
men of grass from Florida (167542). 

Floyd, Marmaduke, Savannah, Ga.: 
Archeological material from historic 
Indian burial site at Pailachucla 
Bluff on the Savannah River (165800). 

Follansbee, Mrs. Sadie P., Washing- 
ton, D. C: Pair of epaulets owned by 
Commodore Joshua Follansbee, U. S. 
Navy (167174). 

Foreign Economic Administration, 
Washington, D. C: (Through Dr. C. 
D. Mell) 1 plant from Nicaragua 
(166490); 10 plants (166690); a col- 
lection of 15 minerals comprising 7 
from Brazil, 5 from Africa, and 1 each 
from Colombia, Portugal, and Bolivia 
and consisting of columbite, tantaiite, 
microlite, tapiolite, beryl, albite, 
topaz, garnet, ilmenorutile, and some 
unknown minerals (167825) ; (through 
James S. Baker) a specimen of tan- 
taiite (possibly mangano-) from Par- 
aiba-Rio Grande do Norte area, 
Brazil (166919); (through Dr. C. D. 
Mell) 2 plants from Mexico (167228). 

FoRMAN, F. G., Perth, ¥/estern Aus- 
tralia: Specimen of manganocolum- 
bite from Southwest Australia 
(167083). 

Fosberg, Dr. F. Raymond, Falls 
Church, Va. : 137 miscellaneous in- 
sects collected in Colombia (166908). 

Foshag, Dr. William F., Westmore- 
land Hills, Md.: Copper celts and 
stone artifacts from 3 sites in the 
state of Guerrero, Mexico (166293). 

Fowler, James, Washington, D. C: 
15 isopods and approximately 55 
amphipods from caves near Lexing- 
ton, Va. (166346, 166945). 

Fox, Loretta E., Steubenville, Ohio: 
2 seeds (167427). 

Fox, Mrs. Mary, Custer, S. Dak.: 
7 specimens of muscovite mica from 
White Spar mine near Custer, S. 
Dak. (165527, 165880). 

Fracker, Dr. S. B., Washington, D. C: 
2,309 hemipterous insects, 1,306 of 
these determined and representing 
256 species (3 holotypes included) 
(166489). 

Frasche, Dean F., Washington, D. C: 
1 specimen of pitchblende, 1 of cas- 
siterite, and 2 of malachite after 
heterogenite from Belgian Congo, and 
1 of microlite from New Mexico 
(166907). 

Frayne, Lt. (jg), Bainbridge, Md. : 
Type specimen of trematode (166468). 



80 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



Freeman, T. N., Ottawa, Ontario: 2 
reared specimens of Lepidoptera 
(167050). (See also under Canadian 
Department of Agriculture.) 

Frey, D. G. (See under U. S. Depart- 
ment of the Interior, Fish and Wild- 
life Service.) 

Frick, Childs, New York, N .Y. : 
Antelopelike fossil animal from Pa- 
pago Springs Cave, near Sonoita, 
Santa Cruz County, Ariz. (167290); 
cast of antelope skull from the Mio- 
cene, Clarendon, Tex. (167591). 

Fritz, Dr. Madeleine A. (See under 
Royal Ontario Museum of Paleontology.) 

Fritzsche Brothers, Inc., New York, 
N. Y.: 1 specimen each of American 
styrax, concrete Florentine oil of 
orris root, bitter orange, N. F., and oil 
of eucalpytus, U. S. P. (165531, 167483). 

Frizzell, Dr. Don L., Negritos, Peru: 
8 lots and 1 slide of Eocene Foraminif- 
era from Ecuador and 2 lots from 
Peru (166601). 

Froeschner, Richard C, St. Louis, 
Mo.: 199 insects (165972). 

Frost, C. A., Framingham, Mass.: 11 
miscellaneous beetles (166685). 

Fruth, Mrs. Rowbna, Connersville, 
Ind.: 43 pictorial photographs 
(165906, loan). 

FuNDAglo Rockefeller, Divisao Sani- 
taria Internacional, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 3 adults and 8 slides of mos- 
quito material, all type or paratypes 
(166763). 

FuRNiss, M. (See under Gazette Print- 
ing Co.) 

Gabriel, Dr. Alton. (See under U. S. 
Department of the Interior, Bureau 
of Mines.) 

Gaige, Mrs. Helen T. (See Univer- 
sity of Michigan, Museum of Zoology.) 

Galindo, Pedro, Berkeley, Calif.: 4 
slides of fly material, representing 3 
species (166130). 

Ganier, Albert F., Nashville, Tenn.: 
2 grasshopper sparrows (165883). 

Gardia B,, Dr. Hernando. (See under 
Instituto de Ciencias Naturales.) 

Gardiner, Chandler B. (See under 
Johnson Automatics, Inc.) 

Garniss, Chief Warrant Officer Wil- 
liam Bradford, Washington, D. C: 
Naval uniform, cap and coat; 5 
naval medals; and one "crossing the 
line" certificate (167700). 

Garrett, Frank W., Arlington, Va.: 
1 specimen of pyrochroite from near 
Newport, Va. (166203). 

Gates, Philip, Jr., Rockville, Md.: 1 
specimen of micaceous mica from 
Charles Ridge, Spear, Avery County, 
N.C. (166204). 

Gazette Printing Co., Ltd., Montreal, 

. Quebec: (Through M. Furniss) 1 
facsimile copy of old newspaper, 



''Gazette Litteraire, Pour la Ville & 
District de Montreal. Mercredi, 17 
Fevrier, 1779," printed by Fleury 
Mesplet (166128). 

General Electric Co., Bridgeport, 
Conn., jointly with William Skinner 
& Sons, New York, N. Y.: 25 speci- 
mens including Army Air Force elec- 
trically heated F-2 and F-3 flying 
ensembles, on figures, scientifically 
designed and constructed by General 
Electric to maintain maximum body 
efficiency under all temperature con- 
ditions; wired interlinings (167341). 

Georgetown University, Washington, 
D. C: (Through Father Lawrence 
Gorman) 350 moUusks (166344). 

Gilbert, A. C, New Haven, Conn.: 2 
Virginia-deer skulls from British Co- 
lumbia (167443). 

Gill ASP Y, Corp. James E., Orlando, 
Fla, : 1 burrowing lizard from Orlando 
(165606). 

GiLLis, David, Washington, D. C: 2 
ichneumon-flies (165566). 

GiLMORE, Dr. Raymond M., Washing- 
ton, D. C. (See under Office of 
Coordinator, Inter- American Affairs.) 

GiNSBURG, Isaac. (See under U. S. 
Department of the Interior, Fish and 
Wildlife Service.) 

Glass, Jewell J., Washington, D. C: 
1 lot of triplite from Tungstonia, Nev. 
(167643). 

Glen, Dr. Robert G. (See under Cana- 
dian Government, Department of Ag- 
riculture.) 

Goldberg, Louis, Norwich, Conn.: 1 
pair of steel ice skates with iron ankle 
brace and wooden sole piece and 1 
pair of all steel ice skates with ankle 
brace (165850). 

Goldring, Dr. Winifred, Albany, 
N. Y. (See under New York State 
Museum.) 

G6mez, Prof. Jos6 Royo Y., Bogota, 
Colombia: Cast of the type specimen 
of a barnacle from the Cretaceous of 
Colombia (165063). 

Gordon, Lt. W. M., San Francisco, 
Calif. (Fleet P. O.): 1 snake from 
New Guinea (167008). 

Gorman, Father Lawrence. (See 
under Georgetown University.) 

Granich, Capt. Leonard, New York, 
N. Y. (APO) : 1 flea collected in New- 
foundland (166692). 

Grant, Mrs. T., Turrialba, Costa Rica: 
75 miscellaneous insects collected in 
Costa Rica (167153). 

Greene, George M., Harrisburg, Pa.: 
1 skull of kingfisher (167234). 

Gregg, Dr. Wendell O., Los Angeles, 
Calif.: 5 moUusks from Utah 
(166739). 

GuiDEY, Leo L., Morgan City, La.: 
(Through Dr. Samuel F. Hildebrand) 



ACCESSIONS 



81 



1 fish from Oyster Bayou Light Sta- 
tion, Morgan City, La. (165502). 

Gulf Refining Co., Mattoon, 111.: 7 
cartons of well cores containing 
Devonian fossils (165029). 

Habana, University of, Habana, 
Cuba: (Through Dr. J. M. Osorio) 59 
miscellaneous insects from Cuba 
(165786). 

Hadley, Sgt. James E., San Francisco, 
Calif. (APO): 1 lizard and a small 
collection of insects from New Guinea 
(166268) ; 77 specimens, representing 
44 species, of insects, millipeds, and 
spiders, and 2 crabs (166716). 

Hale, Lt. Col. M. W., V. C, Quebec, 
Quebec: Skin and skull of a muskrat 
from Grosse Isle, Quebec (167629). 

Hall, Capt. David G. (See under Dr. 
C. H. T. Townsend.) 

Hall, Glen L. San Francisco, Calif.: 
(Through Dr. V. D. P. Spicer) 1 
mollusk from Midway Island (165829) 

Halsey, Mrs. Leroy, Atlanta, Ga.: 
China cup and saucer used at the 
wedding of Angelica Singleton to 
Maj. Abram Van Buren in 1838 
(167607). 

Hamel, Claude C, Amherst, Ohio: 5 
septarian concretions in marcasite 
from the Devonian rocks near Am- 
herst (166040). 

Hamilton, Henry W., Marshall, Mo.: 
Fragmentary textile samples and 
copper from Spiro Mound, on right 
bank of Arkansas River about 5 
miles north of Spiro, Le Flore County, 
Okia. (166197). 

Hamilton, Lt. J., Greensburg, Pa.: 
10 frogs from Salinas, Ecuador 
(167119). 

Hammond, Arthur, Boston, Mass.: 48 
pictorial photographs (167089, loan). 

Hancock, Allan, Foundation, Los 
Angeles, Calif.: (Through Dr. Olga 
Hartman) 14 polychaete worms col- 
lected by Sgt. Milo W. Williams at 
Biloxi, Miss. (167655). 

Handle & Excelsior Co., Picture 
Rocks, Pa. : 7 specimens of brush and 
shovel handles, 1 all-wood lawn rake, 
and 1 all-wood hay rake (165975). 

Hanson, Capt. J. J., Washington, D, C: 
25 model gasoline aircraft engines 
(167087, loan). 

Harber, Leslie Armstrong, Washing- 
ton, D. C: 3 centipedes from St. 
Lucia, B. W. I. (166637). 

Hardie, Isabel H., Washington, D. C: 
9 pieces of decorated brass, also a 
message tube of decorated bamboo 
from the Moro of Mindanao, P. I.; 
two spoons of chased brass from 
Algiers and a small earthenware vase 
from the Tewa pueblo of Santa Clara, 
N. Mex. (165988). 



Hardy, Maj. D. Elmo, New York, 
N. Y. (APO) : A collection of miscel- 
laneous specimens of insects made by 
the donor in India (166741); 50 pre- 
pared slides of mosquito material, 
including 41 species, 8 new to our 
collection (167249); 10 lots of insects 
(167336) ; 200 slides of mosquito larvae 
and male genitalia from Assam, 
representing species of 6 genera 
(167402); 8,000 insects (slides, adults, 
pupae, and larvae), a few crustaceans, 
cestodes, mollusks, mammals, and 
fishes (167481). 

Hargrove, Marion C, Washington, 
D. C: 2 gold watches and a watch 
fob of the period 1840-1850 (167395). 

Harkness, H. T. (See under Cana- 
dian Government, National Museum 
of Canada.) 

Harley, Dr. G. W., Ganta Mission, via, 
Monrovia, Liberia: (Through J. L. 
Chancellor) 42 Liberian hardwoods 
(165810). 

Harlow, Richard C, Cambridge, 
Mass.: Specimen of cultivated fern 
(165497). 

Harris, Aileen, Washington, D. C: 

I crystal locket containing on one side 
a portrait of a man and on the other 
a lock of hair (166571). 

Harris, George W., Washington, 
D. C: 1 album, 1 pocket stereoscope, 
51 portraits (166627). 

Harry, Harold W., Portland, Oreg.: 

II mollusks from Oregon (167401). 
Hartley, William. (See under Coun- 
cil for Scientific and Industrial Re- 
search.) 

Hartman, Dr. Olga, Los Angeles, 
Calif.: 500 amphipods (166527). (See 
also under Allan Hancock Founda- 
tion.) 
Harvard University: 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Mass.: 3 plants from China (161- 
536, exchange) ; 10 photographs of 
plants (165794); 3 grasses from 
Fiji (166546, exchange); 218 plants 
mostly from Australia (167509, 
exchange) . 
Botanical Museum, Cambridge, Mass. 
(Through Chas. Schwinfurth) 4 
plants, mostly type material (165- 
775). 
Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mass.: 
356 specimens of plants, including 
129 photographs and plates (165- 
558, exchange); 3 photographs of 
plants (165916, exchange) ; 6 photo- 
graphs of plants (165990, exchange) 
226 plants (166802, exchange); 
(through Dr. M. L. Fernald) 5 
plants from Brazil (166212, ex- 
change) ; (through Dr. Lyman B. 
Smith) photograph of a plant 



82 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



(165875); 116 plants from Texas 
and Mexico (167740, exchange). 
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cam- 
bridge, Mass.: 3 mollusks from 
Chanaral (165858, exchange); 84 
specimens of frogs, mostly new to 
the collections (167137, exchange) ; 
(through Prof. Nathan Banks) 1 
beetle (166639, exchange); (through 
Dr. Thomas Barbour) 321 
fishes, cotypes (165405, exchange) ; 
(through Dr. Hubert L. Clark) 6 
brittle-stars, all paratypes (167051, 
exchange) ; (through William J. 
Clench) 12 paratypes of fossil mol- 
lusks from subway excavation in 
Boston, Mass. (167204); (through 
Dr. Elisabeth Deichmann) 53 al- 
cyonarians (166789, exchange). 
Hasbrouck, Dr. E. M., Washington, 

D. C: 10 surf scoters (167244). 
Hastings Museum, Hastings, Nebr. : 
(Through Dr. A. M. Brooking) 1 
fresh-water mussel from the Republi- 
can River, Nebr. (167522). 
Haught, Oscar L., Barranquilla, Co- 
lombia: 1,421 plants from Colombia 
(167171). 
Hay, Dr. W. P., Bradenton, Fla.: 1 
mole from Englewood, Fla., collected 
July 15, 1943 (166015). 
Hates, Doris W., Washington, D. C: 
2 plants from the District of Colombia 
(166491). 
Hayes, Mrs. Lloyd R., Washington, 
D. C.: A turning saw of the period 
about 1860 (167145). 
Hayes, Dr. Wayland J., Jr., Char- 
lottesville, Va. : 3 slides of Turbel- 
laria (167188). 
Henbest, Dr. Lloyd G., V/ashington, 
D. C. : A Harvey exposure meter of 
about 1915 (167295). 
Henry, Dr. L. K., Pittsburgh, Pa. (See 

under Carnegie Museum.) 
Herdlick, J. A., Forney, Idaho: A 
specimen of granite porphyry from 
the Salmon National Forest, Lemhi 
County, Idaho (166870); (through 
Frank L. Hess) 2 specimens of 
porphyritic granite from Lemhi Coun- 
ty, Idaho (166697). 
Herring, L. C, Boston, Mass.: 1 steel 
engraving by Paul Girardet after the 
painting "Washington Crossing the 
Delaware," by E. Leutze; published 
by Goupil & Co. in 1853 (165484). 
Herron, Pvt. William A., Fort V/ash- 
ington, Md.: 1 miniature copy of the 
Holy Bible (224 pages of the New 
Testament) with microscopic print 
(166968). 
Hershkovitz, Philip. (See under Wal- 
ter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Schol- 
arship and Oswaldo Mestre.) 
Herz, Max, New York, N. Y. : Pair of 
Peck & Snyder racing ice skates, c. 



1889, steel blades, mahogany foot 
piece (167502). 

Hess, Dr. A. D. (See under Tennessee 
Valley Authority.) 

Hess, Frank L., Washington, D. C: 
Specimen of uraninite from Gordonia 
District, Cape Colony, South Africa, 
and one of phosphuranvlite from Rio 
Grande do Norte, Brazil (167524); a 
collection of concretions from Berth- 
ier-en-Bas, stations 8 and 9, 25 miles 
from Levis, Canada (167738). (See 
also under J. A. Herdlick and Dr. 
Charles L. Parsons.) 

Hester, J. Pinckney, St. George, 
Utah: 1 flowering specimen and 10 
photographs of a new species of plant 
from Nevada (166551); 12 plants 
from the southwestern United States 
(167383). 

Hildebkand, Dr. Samuel F. (See 
under Leo L. Guidey, Donald R. 
Johnson, and American Museum of 
Natural History.) 

Hill, A. T. (See under Work Projects 
Administration.) 

Hillier's Son Corporation, P^., New 
York, N. Y. : A specimen of Grindelia, 
NF, for mateiia-medica collection 
(167526). 

Hinton, James C, Mexico, D. F. : 3 
ferns from Mexico (166862). 

HoBBs, Dr. HoRTON H., Gainesville, 
Fla.: 6 crayfishes, comprising holo- 
type, allotj^pe, and paratype of 2 new 
species; 6 isopods and 1 flatworm 
(166027). 

HoFF, Dr. C. Clayton, Quincy, 111.: 23 
slides of ostracods (166845). 

Hoffman, Anita M., Mexico, D. F.: 2 
mites in alcohol (167687). 

Hoffman, Arnold, Livingston, Mont.: 
2 calcite groups and a calcite crystal 
from Clyde Park, Mont. (166175); 1 
specimen of calcite from Palm Wash 
mining district, Truckhaven, Calif. 
(166069). 

Holland, George P., Kamloops, Brit- 
ish Columbia: 1 paratype specimen of 
flea (158805). 

Holmgren, Dr. Arthur H. (See un- 
der Utah State Agricultural College.) 

Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific 
Grove, Calif.: 1 crab from Monterey 
Bay (167579, exchange). 

HoRNSTEiN, Dr. Lillian Herlands, 
Washington Square, N. Y.: 1 facsim- 
ile copy of a children's book of 1792, 
"The Royal Alphabet," or "Child's 
Best Instructor," to which is added, 
"The History of a Little Boy Found 
under a Haycock" (166126). 

HoRTON, F. W., College Park, Md. : 9 
specimens of bauxite and miscellan- 
eous minerals from Dutch Guiana 
and other localities (166025, exchange). 



ACCKSSIONS 



83 



HoTCHKiss, Neil. (See under U. S. De- 
partment of the Interior, Fish and 
Wildlife Service.) 

Householder, Vic H., Phoenix, Ariz.: 

1 bird skin (166301). 

Howell, Prof. B. F., Princeton, N. J, 
(See under Princeton University.) 

Hubbard, C. Andersen, Forest Grove, 
Oreg. : 1 gopher, 7 meadow mice, and 3 
tree mice from Oregon (167131). 

Hubbs, Dr. Carl L. (See under Uni- 
versity of Michigan.) 

Hubricht, Leslie, Norfolk, Va. : Small 
collection of invertebrates (166913). 

Hughes, Prof. R. Chester, Stillwater, 
Okla. (See under Carl Cecil Riguey.) 

Hughes Tool Co., Houston, Tex.: An 
exhibit complete with exhibition case 
and appropriate background showing 
the development of the Hughes rotary 
rock bits from 1609 to 1942 (5 origi- 
nal specimens, exhibition case with 
painted background) (166122). 

Hulten, Dr. Eric, Lund, Sweden: 44 
grasses from Alaska (165902, ex- 
change) . 

Hume, Matilda E., Washington, D. C: 
A Chamorro basketry-weave mat and 
an old Spanish brass pitcher, both 
collected on the Island of Guam by 
donor about 1920; also a nest of lac- 
quered wooden boxes collected in 
China about 1880 (167838). 

Hungerford, Dr. H, B., Lawrence, 
Kans. : 5 bugs, 4 adults and 1 nymph 
(166362). 

Illinois State Academy of Science, 
Champaign, 111.: (Through Dr. Lyell 
J. Thomas) 2 parasitic worms (166807). 

Iltis, Hugh H., Fredericksburg, Va. : 
19 fishes, 75 marine invertebrates, 

2 moUusks, and 12 echinoderms col- 
lected by donor off Cape Henry, Va. 
(166959) ; 45 fossil mollusks and 1 clump 
of fossil barnacles from Virginia 
(167046); 200 bryozoans and ostra- 
cods from the Miocene at Yorktown, 
Va. (167082, exchange); (through Dr. 
C. Wythe Cooke) 7 specimens (3 
species) of fossil mollusks from the 
Eocene of Belvidere Beach and Fair- 
view Beach, Va. (166873). 

Imperial College of Tropical Agri- 
culture, Trinidad, B. W. I.: 
(Through Dr. E. McC. Callan) 17 
scorpions collected on Trinidad 
(165552). 

Independent Lithograph Co., San 
Francisco, Calif. : 10 progressive proofs 
of 7-color offset lithograph, "The 
Charles Street Meeting House," re- 
produced from the water color by 
Dwight C. Shepler; 1 finished proof 
No. 10, limited edition; 7 zinc litho- 
graphic plates used in making print 
(165650). 



Instituto Agron6mico do Norte, 

Bel6m, Brazil: (Through Dr. W. 

Andrew Archer) 547 plants from 

Brazil (166810, exchange). 
Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 

Bogota,, Colombia: 22 plants from 

Colombia (166121, 166924, exchange) ; 

(Through Dr. Hernando Gardia B.) 

105 plants from Colombia (166650, 

exchange) : 
Interior, U. S. Department of the: 
69 plants from Alaska (166587). 

Bureau of Mines, College Park, Md, * 
(Through Dr. Alton Gabriel) 1 
specimen of jadeite from Asia 
(167414). 

Fish and Wildlife Service, Chicago, 
111.; 8+ fragments of crayfishes 
(165288); specimen of a very rare 
neuropteroid (167320); 262 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous insects, 
mostly identified and consisting 
largely of beetles, collected by 
Ernest G. Holt in Brazil (167699); 
(through Isaac Ginsburg) 42 go- 
bies from Cuba (167771) ; 624 mam- 
mals transferred by the Fish and 
Wildlife Service and entered in 
the Museum catalog, Nos. 273562 
to 274185 inclusive, between 
July 1, 1943, and June 30, 1944 
(167835); (through Dr. John W. 
Aldrich) 2 eggs of hooded mer- 
ganser (165708); (through Mis- 
souri Cooperative Wildlife Re- 
search Unit) 2 covotes collected 
in Missouri in 1943 (166184); 
(through Dr. Clarence Cottam) 
30 ostracods (164627); (through 
D. G. Frey) large collection of 
marine invertebrates and 78 mol- 
lusks from Chesapeake Baj^ 
taken by the Potomac River 
Oyster Investigation (166167); 
(through Neil Hotchkiss) 9 ferns, 
mostly from Alaska (167417); 
9 U. S. flowering plants (167711); 
(through O. J. Murie) 1 skeleton 
of a bird (165330); (through Dr. 
Victor B. Scheffer) 8 pearly fresh- 
water mollusks from Tule Lake, 
Siskiyou County, Calif. (166988); 
(through Dr. Lionel A. Walford) 
head of hammerhead shark col- 
lected off San Marcos Island, 
Gulf of California, by Dr. Wal- 
ford, October 2, 1942 (166522). 

Geological Survey, Washington, D, C: 
1 lot of purple muscovite; 1 speci- 
men of microlite in pegmatite; 1 
lot of yttrium-bearing spessartite 
garnet from New Mexico (166647); 
5 specimens of tungsten ores from 
Idaho, California, and North Caro- 
lina (167173); (through Dr. Charles 
Milton) one lot of weinschenkite 
from Kelly Bank near Vesuvius, 



84 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



Va., collected by H. D. Miser, 
October 1941 (166488); (through 
Dr. John B. Reeside, Jr.) 80 
Devonian invertebrates from the 
Dyer formation of northwestern 
Colorado (166890); (through W. 
W. Rubey) Hewettite specimens 
from l}i miles west of Blooming- 
ton, Bear Lake County, Idaho 
(167442). 
National Park Service, Washington, 
D. C: 31 plants from the Grand 
Canyon, Ariz. (165959) ; (through 
Harry A. Beatty) a collection of 
miscellaneous insects collected on 
the Virgin Islands (166602). 
Irons, John A., Thousand Island 

Park, N. Y.: 1 moUusk (167620). 
Irving, F. N., Washington, D. C: 

4 plants from Maryland (166213). 
Jackson, Col. H. Nelson, Burlington, 
Vt.: Winton automobile, 1903, which, 
driven by the donor, was the first 
automobile to cross the United States 
from San Francisco to New York, 
together with accessories and camp- 
ing equipment used on the trip 
(167685). 
Jackson, Dr. H. W., Blaeksburg, Va.: 
375 fresh-water mollusks from Vir- 
ginia, 51 isopods and a few insects 
(165977); approximately 550 fresh- 
water snails from Virginia (166695). 
Jackson, Ralph Vf., Cambridge, Md.: 
8 mollusks from Ecuador (166528). 
Jacobson, Morris K,, Rockaway, 
N. Y.: 75 land and fresh-water 
mollusks from New York and Con- 
necticut (166272); 6 mollusks from 
Peekskill, N. Y. (165791, 166316). 
Jahns, Richard H., Penasco, N. 
Mex. : Specimen of kammererite from 
Klamath Mountain region, Oreg. 
(165793). 
Javier, Brother E., Medellin, Colom- 
bia: Small collection of insects from 
Colombia (166269). 
Jellison, Maj. W. L., Hamilton, 
Mont.: 144 miscellaneous insects 
collected in China and India (166027) ; 
137 insects, 1 crustacean, 2 snakes 
4 flatworms, and a small collection 
of mollusks from Yunnan and Assam 
(166987): 25 fresh-water mollusks, 
from Lake County, Mont. (167160). 
Jennings, C. C, Kingston, R. I.: 
A small collection of larvae, pupae, 
and adults of a beetle (165511). 
(See also under Rhode Island De- 
partment of Agriculture and Con- 
servation.) 
Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, Md.: (Through Dr. C. T. 
Berry) 37 type and figured speci- 
mens of American Postpaleozoic fossil 
echinoids (165847, deposit). 



Johnson Automatics, Inc., Boston, 
Mass.: (Through Chandler B. Gardi- 
ner) Johnson automatic rifle (166548). 

Johnson, Lt. (jg) David H., Wash- 
ington, D. C. (See undei Navy 
Department.) 

Johnson, Ensign Donald R., New 
River, N. C: (Through Dr. S. F. 
Hildebrand) 3 shrimps (166654). 

Johnson, Mary Pauline, Grantwood, 
N. J.: Album showing needlework 
specimens (167113). 

Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, 
N. J.: Specimens of adhesive plasters 
and of plain mercurochrome and 
sulfathiazole band-aids (167527). 

Jones, Grover C, Peterstown, W. 
Va.: 1 diamond crystal w^eighing 
34.46 carats found in April 1928 in 
Peterstown (167553, loan). 

Jones, M. L., Hamburg, Iowa: 6 
pieces of red cedar wood from the 
Missouri Loess Bluff Area in Wau- 
bonsie State Park, Iowa (166857). 

Kaden, Hans, Jenkintown, Pa.: 36 
pictorial photographs for special ex- 
hibition during June 1944 (167601, 
loan) . 

Karlovic, John K., Chicago, 111.: 
1 pepper-and-salt moth (165673). 

Karrer, Mrs. S., Washington, D. C: 
(Through Dr. L. P. Schultz) 2 
palatine teeth of a fossil fish fiom 
the Miocene of Calvert County, 
Md. (165738). 

Kearney, Dr. T. H. (See under U. S. 
Department of Agriculture, Bureau 
of Plant Industry.) 

Kelly, E.SeA. (See under Mrs. 
Delila Cooper.) 

Kenk, Roman, Rio Piedras, Puerto 
Rico: 10 specimens of sea urchins 
(165832). 

Kentucky, University of, Lexington, 
Ky.: (Through J. D. Figgins) 5 bird 
skins (165983); (through Prof. Frank 
T. McFarland) 4 grasses from Ken- 
tucky (167409, 167569, exchange). 

Ker, Mrs. Graham M. (deceased) : 
(Through Graham Ker) 16th-century 
Spanish vargueno cabinet-desk 
(166363). 

KiENER, Walter, Lincoln, Nebr. : Fern 
from Nebraska (166653). 

KiLLiP, E. P., Washington, D. C: 304 
plants from Brazil collected by A. 
Ducke (165876); 61 plants collected 
by Mrs. Ynes Mexia (166803); 17 
ferns from Panama (166958); 48 
plants mainlv from Plummers Island, 
Md. (167026). (See also under Smith- 
sonian Institution, National Muse- 
um.) 

Kimball, S. L., San Francisco, Calif.: 
(Through Dr. V. D. P. Spicer) 2 
marine shells from Christmas Island 
and Midway Island (165830). 



ACCESSIONS 



85 



King, Lt. (jg) Willis, Fort Schuyler, 
N, Y.: 356 reptiles and amphibians 
from the United States (166960). 

Kleerekoper, Dr. Herm., Porto Ale- 
gra, Brazil: A collection of amphipods, 
isopods, ostracods, cladocerans, cope- 
pods, and insects (164520); 4 crabs 
from Brazil (166267). 

Kleiber, Hans, Dayton, Wyo.: 48 
etchings by Hans Kleiber, for special 
exhibition' November 29, 1943, to 
January 2, 1944 (166405, loan). 

Klots, Capt. Alexander B., Maxton, 
N. C. : 176 specimens of mosquito 
material as follows: 86 adults of 20 
species; 90 larvae of 10 species 
(166563). 

Knowlton, Dr. George F., Logan, 
Utah. (See under Utah State Agri- 
cultural College.) 

KoMP, Lt. Col. W. H. W., Ancon, 
Canal Zone: 21 mosquitoes (166125); 
a small collection of miscellaneous 
insects taken on GaMpagos Islands 
during April and May 1943 (166580). 

Krukopf, Boris A., New York, N. Y.: 
901 plants from Bolivia (165696, 
exchange); 19 ferns from Brazil 
(165917, exchange). 

KuGLER, Dr. H. G., Pointe-a-Pierre, 
Trinidad, B. W. I.: (Through Dr. T. 
Wayland Vaughan) 20 slides of thin 
sections, 1 of uncut specimens of B. 
Caudr's cotypes, topotypes, and plesi- 
otypes of Eocene larger Foraminifera 
from San Juan de los Morros, Vene- 
zuela (166181). 

KuTz, H. L,, Delmar, N. Y.: 5 skins of 
meadow mice, 1 skull (167112). 

Lab AW, J. P., Little Rock, Ark.: Speci- 
men of bauxite obtained from "lig- 
nite" stockpile near Bauxite, Ark. 
(167644). 

Lagerloef, Col. Hans, New York, 
N. Y.: 2,333 postage stamps of the 
Philippine Islands (166333). 

Lane, John, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 22 adults 
and 4 slides of Brazilian mosquitoes 
(167480). 

Lang, Florence Rand (deceased) : 
(Through Carl Moon) The Florence 
Rand Lang Collection of 26 paintings 
by Carl Moon of Apache, Navaho, 
and Pueblo Indians of Arizona and 
New Mexico (165827). 

Langford, Daniel B., Denson, Ark.: 
76 mollusks from Arkansas and 27 
from North Dakota (165914, 166179). 

La Plata, El Museo de. La Plata, 
Argentina: 68 specimens of grasses 
from Argentina and Chile (167003, 
exchange). 

Lappe, William M., Alexandria, Va.: 
1 female black-widow spider found in 
Virginia (166340). 

Laurent, Mme. Suzanne, Washington, 
D. C: 1 M^axbill (166369). 



Lause, M. a., Dayton, Ohio: 2 self- 
loading, gas-operated, aircooled car- 
bines (165356). 

Laybourne, W. Lee, Falls Church, 
Va.: 1 silver-haired bat collected at 
Falls Church, Va., October 5, 1943, 
by Mr. Laybourne (166185). 

Lee, William E., Alexandria, Va.: 
Model of the skipjack sloop Carrie E. 
Price, Baltimore, 1897 (167695). 

Leech, Hugh B. (See under Canadian 
Government, Department of Agri- 
culture.) 

Lemke, Richard W., Arlington, Va.: 
1 tourmaline and an aquamarine 
specimen from near Amelia, Va. 
(167766). 

Leon, Rev. Brother, Vedado-Habana, 
Cuba: 123 grasses from Cuba 
(166612); (through Luis R. Rivas) 
147 plants from Cuba (165576, 
167152, 167734, exchange). 

Leonard, E. C, Washington, D. C: 
538 plants from Maryland (167775^ 

Leyva, Carlos J., Pluma Hidalgo, 
Mexico: 2 plants from Mexico (165779, 
166089). 

Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Co., Plas- 
kon Division, Toledo, Ohio: An il- 
luminated mounted exhibit of 129 
specimens and 17 photographs illus- 
trating the manufacture and applica- 
tions of urea-formaldehyde and mel- 
amine compound plastic resins, used 
for molding, gluing, bonding, and 
coating purposes (166991). 

Library of Congress. (See under 
Mrs. W. E. Patterson.) 

Lilly, Eli, & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.: 
22 medicines for insulin and liver 
extract (166920). 

Litchfield, Lawrence, Jr. (See under 
Republic Mining & Manufacturing 
Co.) 

Little, Dr. Elbert L., Jr., Washing- 
ton, D. C: 34 plants from Ecuador 
(166309, 166311). 

Little, Laura Revere, Brookline, 
Mass.: United States flag made in 
1865 (166103). 

LizER Y Trelles, Carlos A., Vicente 
Lopez, Argentina: 15 insects, includ- 
ing 1 paratj^pe and 3 species new to 
the collections (167182). 

Llave, Ing. Jose Manuel de la, Urua- 
pan, Michoac^n: 4 wasps (166054). 

LoEBLiCH, Dr. Alfred R., New Orleans, 
La.: (Through Dr. A. K. Miller) 22 
Lower Cretaceous cephalopods from 
Texas, including types and figured 
specimens (165688). 

LoGGiE, Helen A., Bellingham, Wash.: 
16 etchings and 19 drawings for 
special exhibition, January 31 to 
February 26, 1944 (166761, loan). 

LooMis, H. F., Coconut Grove, Fla.: 
15 miUipeds, including 1 type and 14 



86 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



paratypes, representing 15 species 
(165652). 

Lord, Mrs. Mary Alice (deceased) : 
(Through Rose H. Lord and William 
Craige Lord, Glen Burnie, Md.) 
"Stars and stripes" bordered, auto- 
graph quilt pieced in silk hexagon- 
patch pattern with U. S. flag center 
motif, signed by President Lincoln, 
the line generals and lieutenant gen- 
erals of the U. S. Army, and by other 
important Americans, made before 
the Civil War in Nashville, Tenn., by 
the donor, who carried it through the 
lines to Cincinnati, and back to 
Tennessee after the fall of Fort Donel- 
son (166550). 

Lord, Rose H. (See under Mrs. Mary 
Alice Lord.) 

Lord, William Craige. (See under 
Mrs. Mary Alice Lord.) 

Los Angeles Museum op History, 
Science, and Art, Los Angeles, 
Calif.: 1 hermit crab with 3 rhizo- 
cephalid parasites attached; also 3 
rhizocephaiid parasites unattached 
(154448). 

Louisiana State University, Baton 
Rouge, La.; (Through Dr. Ellinor H. 
Behre) 6 fishes (165890) ; 2 Texas red- 
shouldered hawks (166399, exchange). 

LuciONi, LuiGi, New York, N. Y.: 40 
etchings by Luigi Lucioni for special 
exhibition, February 28 to March 26, 
1944 (166969, loan). 

LuNZ, G. Robert, Jr., Charleston, S. C: 

^: 4 crabs, 10+ porcellanid crabs, 12+ 

I shrimps (165768) ; 1 stomatopod taken 

r. off Kiawah Island, S. C, September, 

" 9, 1943 (166521). 

Lutz, John C, Philadelphia, Pa.: 2 
insects (167829, exchange). 

Lynn, D. M., Cleveland, Ohio: United 
States Army and United States Mil- 
itary Academy uniforms and acces- 
sories of the early part of the 20th 
century (31 specimens) (166143). 

Lynn, Dr. W. Gardner, Brookland, 
D. C. : A collection of amphibians and 
reptiles from Jamaica and Honduras 
made in 1941 (166407). 

MacCord, Capt. H. A. (See under 
Carl P. Manson.) 

MacCreary, Lt. Donald, New York, 
N. Y. : 1 mouse and 3 lizards collected 
at the Island of Fernando de Noronha, 
Brazil, October 1943 (166300). 

MacGee, Mrs. Ada Van Loon Bran- 
dow, Washington, D. C. (See under 
Susan B. Anthony League Founda- 
tion.) 

Macmillan, Gordon K., Pittsburgh, 
Pa.: 2mollusks (166941). 

MacNeil, F. Stearns, Washington, 
D. C: 30 mollusks from Marianna 
limestone, Clarke County, Miss. 
(167413). 



Macy, Prof. Ralph W., Portland, Oreg.; 
22 mollusks from Oregon (166590). 

Maine, University of, Orono, Maine: 
(Through Dr. F. H. Steinmetz) 3 ferns 
from Maine (166641, exchange). 

Maldonado, J. (See under Federal 
Security Agency, U. S. Public Health 
Service.) 

Mann, Dr. William M. (See under 
E. F. Remington.) 

Manson, Carl P., and Capt. H. A. 
MacCord, Washington, D. C: Arche- 
ological materials, including tv/o in- 
complete skeletons, from Keyser Farm 
site, Riley ville, Page County, Va. 
(167292). 

Manter, Dr. Harold W., Lincoln, 
Nebr. : 4 slides of helminthological 
specimens (165923) ; 4 specimens on 
3 slides showing types and paratypes 
of trematodes (166930). 

Margin, Mr. and Mrs. Edward J., 
Flushing, N. Y.: A group of limonite 
pseudomorph after siderite from 
Rockside Quarry at Roxbury Station, 
Conn. (166343). 

Marcus, Ernesto, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
1 mollusk shell perforated by a bry- 
ozoan (166005). 

Marden, Luis. (See under National 
Geographic Society.) 

Marie- Victorin, Prof. Fr., Montreal, 
Quebec: 29 plants from Cuba 
(166674). 

Marsh, Kate Session (deceased): 
(Through Washington Loan & Trust 
Co.) 67 miscellaneous ethnological 
and period art specimens of antique 
glass, china, lace, silver, brass, neph- 
rite, and basketry (1666645, bequest). 

Marshall, Cora, Pittsburgh, Pa.: 1 
gold locket containing 2 tintypes, 
portraits of a man and woman 
(166570). 

Marshall, Ernest B., Laurel, Md.: 1 
fox and 1 weasel collected at Laurel 
by Mr. Marshall in February and 
July 1943 (165961). 

Martin, Miss Jackie, Washington, D. 
C: A #1 Panoram Kodak, Pat. 1894 
(165852). 

Martin, Sgt. Joel, New York, N. Y.: 
1 crab, 5 isopods, and 1 amphipod 
(166507). 

MARTfNEZ, Dr. Maximino, Mexico, D. 
F.: 59 plants from Mexico (166541, 
166654, 166676, 166921). 

Martz, Charles S., Aurora, Mo.: 50 
pictorial photographs (166294, loan). 

Mary Joseph, Sister. (See under 
Mercy Hospital.) 

Maryland Academy of Sciences, 
Baltimore, Md.: (Through Dr. E. H. 
Walker) 2 plants from Maryland 
167559). 

Maryott, Harold D., Miami, Ariz. 
(See under Castle Dome Copper Co.) 



ACCESSIONS 



87 



Mason, Charles, Baltimore, Md.: 1 
crystal showing the octahedral habit 
of pvrite, sample from a quarry near 
Lexington, Va^ (165600). 

Matthews, Ransom, Los Angeles, 
Calif.: 11 specimens of historical 
motion-picture film (167681). 

Maxon, Dr. William R,, Washington, 
D. C.: 3 plants from Maryland 
(167684). 

Mayor, A. Hyatt, New York, N. Y.: 
An Edison wood-case telephone re- 
ceiver, c. 1870 (166629). 

Mayr, Dr. Ernst. (See under Ameri- 
ican Museum of Natural History.) 

Mazzotti, Dr. Luis, Mexico, D. F.: 2 
paratypes of a new species of bug 
(165742); 1 wood rat (166575) ; 1 in- 
sect (166794, exchange"*. 

McClure, Dr. F. A., Washington, D, 
C: 2,500 grasses, mainly bamboos of 
economic importance, and a small 
collection of insects reared froin bam- 
boos, from tropical America (167092, 
collected for the Museum). 

McCoMB, W. H., Alhambra, Calif.: 
2 trap-door spider nests collected in 
California (165881). 

McCoRD, Mrs. James B. (See under 
Anna McGowan.) 

McCoy, Thomas N.. Hickman, Ky.: 
2 bryozoans (166238). 

McCuLLocH, Jessie P., Longview, 
Wash.: 5 concretions with crab re- 
mains from the Tertiary rocks of 
southwest Washington (165962). 

McDevitt, Josephine. (See under 
Edith A. Wright.) 

McDonald, H. R., San Francisco, 
Calif.: 1 red-footed booby (166209). 

McFarland, Dr. Frank T. " (See under 
University of Kentucky.) 

McGowAN, Anna (deceased): (Through 
Mrs. James B. McCord, Washington, 
D. C.) 4-piece silver coffee service 
made by Brovv^ne & Seal, Philadel- 
phia, about 1810, and a 19th-century 
bobbin-made Chantilly black-lace 
shawl (167322). 

McGuiRE Co., George W., White- 
stone, N. Y.: 3 lawn rakes made of 
white oak and other hardwoods, de- 
veloped as substitutes for the once- 
popular bam.boo rakes of Japanese 
origin (165661). 

Medina, Dr. Roberto Cors, La Paz, 
Bolivia: 34 rodents from Bolivia 
(167833). 

Mell, Dr. C. D. (See under Foreign 
Economic Administration.) 

Mercy Hospital, Des Moines, Iowa: 
(Through Sister Mary Joseph) 2 fly 
larvae collected in Mercy Hospital 
(165670). 

Mertie, Dr. J. B., Jr., Washington, 
D. C: 1 specimen of spodumene and 



vivianite from Kings Mountain, 
Cleveland County, N. C. (167641). 

Messick, Ben, Los Angeles, Calif.: 19 
lithographs and 18 drawings for ex- 
hibition (167133, loan). 

Mestre, Oswaldo, Magdalena, Co- 
lombia: (Through Philip Hershkovitz) 
Shell disk beads and shell pendants 
from "huaca" in Guanahani, Rio 
Ariguani, about 20 km. south of 
Pueblo Bello, Sierra de Santa Marta, 
Magdalena, Colombia (165602). 

Metals Reserve Co., Washington, 
D. C. : Collection of minerals and 
ores (167739). 

Metraux, Dr. Alfred, Washington, 
D. C. : 37 plants from Argentina 
(163218). 

Metropolitan Camera Club Coun- 
cil, Rockville Center, N. Y.: 100 
pictorial photographs, exhibited dur- 
ing January 1944 (166661, loan). 

MicHENER, Lt. Charles D., Camp 
Shelby, Miss,: 12 mosquito larvae 
representing winter and summer forms 
(167049). 

Michigan, University of, Museum of 
Zoology, Ann Arbor, Mich. : (Through 
Dr. (5arl L. Hubbs) 137 fishes from 
Venezuela, collected by F. F. Bond, 
1938-1939 (167214, exchange); 267 
fishes from northwestern Mexico 
collected during 1940 and 1942 by 
Dr. Ralph G. Miller (167679); 
(through Mrs. Helen T. Gaige) 135 
frogs and 27 salamanders (167716, ex- 
change) ; 5 ferns from British Hon- 
duras (121540, exchange). 

Michel, R., Washington, D. C: 1 
ruby-throated hummingbird (167507). 

MiDDLEKAUFF, Capt. WOODROW W., 

Fort McPherson, Ga.: 12 mosquitoes, 
representing 7 species (166672); 2 
slides of mosquitoes (166401); 2 mos- 
quitoes, holotype and allotype 
(166244) ; 13 vials of mosquito larvae 
and 3 pill boxes of adults, all from 
southeastern United States (165973); 
25 slides of mosquito larvae (165987). 

Miller, Dr. A. K. (See under Dr. 
Alfred R. Loeblich.) 

Miller, Gerrit S., Jr., Washington, 
D. C. : 10 plants from Vermont and 
New York (165918); 57 small mam- 
mals collected at Dorset, Vt., in the 
summer of 1943 (166564); 4 chip- 
munks and a young opossum from 
District of Columbia (167832). 

Miller, Lucretia C, Rochester, N. Y. : 
6 specimens of tatted lacework 
(167114). 

Milton, Charles. (See under U. S. 
Department of the Interior, Geo- 
logical Survey.) 

Ministerio da Educa^ao e Saude, 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: (Through Dr. 
R. M. Taylor) 2 mosquitoes (made 



88 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



liolotvpe and female allotype), with 
larval skins of both (166256). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Mo.: 1 plant from Colorado 
(165777, exchange). 

MoLDENKE, Dr. Harold N., New York, 
N. Y. : 27 grasses from Pennsylvania 
165706); 1 plant from Colombia 
(167769). 

MoNDOLFi, Edgardo. (See under Cor- 
nell University.) 

Montgomery, Arthur, New York, N. 
Y. : An aquamarine gemstone from 
Boise County, Idaho, weighing 15.3 
carats (166965). 

MoNTOYA, Dr. Antonio, Capuli, Co- 
lombia: (Through Dr. W. H. Wright) 
22 insects (167475). 

Moon, Carl, Pasadena, Calif. (See 
under Florence Rand Lang.) 

MooRE, Dr. J. Percy, Philadelphia, 
Pa.: 6 leeches (166760). 

Moore, William J. (deceased), Nivloc, 
ISlev. : (Through Desert Silver, 
Inc.) 1 crystal of scheelite from 
Nivloc (165553). 

MoREiRA, Dr. Carlos, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 45 amphipods and 1 isopod 
(166588). 

Morris, John V., Washington, D. C: 
(Through Dorothy R. Swift) 1 fox 
squirrel collected at Bluemont, Va. 
(166052). 

Morrison, Dr. J. P. E., Washington, 
D. C. : 5 skins and skulls of the house 
mouse and skins and skulls of the 
white-footed mouse from Virginia 
(166871). (See also under National 
Speleological Society.) 

Morse, Dr. Edward E., Washington, 
D. C. : 6 French bronze medals of the 
period of World War I (166832). 

MosELEY, Maj. Kirk J., Washington, 
D. C. (See under War Department, 
Division of Preventative Medicine.) 

MuRiE, O. J. (See under U. S. De- 
partment of the Interior, Fish and 
Wildlife Service.) 

MuRRiLL, Dr. W. A., Gainesville, Fla.: 
Plant from Florida (165498). 

Museum op Modern Art, New York, 
N. Y.: Special exhibition: ''Bali; 
Background to War" (166188, loan). 

Myers, Mrs. Jerome, New York, N. Y.: 
35 prints by Jerome Myers for special 
memorial exhibition, August 30 to 
September 26, 1943 (165920, loan); 
(See also under Dr. Harry H. Shapiro.) 

Nagel, Wm. J., Bethesda, Md.: 1 com- 
bination set of lenses; 6 lenses, barrel, 
and set of stops, for varying focal 
length and angle of exposure (166544) . 

Nash, Arthur Cleveland, Washing- 
ton, D. C: An etching, "The Lost 
Chord," by Reginald Cleveland Coxe 
(165854). 



National Geographic Society, Wash" 
ington, D. C: (Through Luis 
Marden) 124 fishes from Nicaragua, 
including 3 sharks and 1 sawfish, 3 
sawfish blades, and 2 snakes (165627, 
165900, 166359); 49 fishes and 1 crus- 
tacean from El Salvador (166992). 
National Livestock and Meat Board, 
Chicago, 111.: 16 pieces of table silver- 
ware and 3 doilies for the nutrition 
case (165488, 165736). 
National Museum of Southern Rho- 
desia, Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia: 
(Through George Arnold) 122 ants, 
representing 32 species, of which 2 
species are represented by paratypes 
(166519). 
National Photographic Society, 
Washington, D. C: 145 pictorial 
photographs for exhibition during Sep- 
tember 1943 (165921, loan). 
National Process Co., New York, 
N. Y.: 1 color reproduction in offset 
lithography of ''The Kill," a painting 
by Robert Benney (166785). 
National Speleological Society, 
Washington, D. C: 6 moUusks, 4 
vials of crustaceans, and 54 vials of 
insects (166774); (through Dr. J. P. 
E. Morrison) 10 beetles collected in 
Long Cave, Kentucky, during August 
1943 (165922). 
Navy Department, U. S., 14 speci- 
mens, U. S. Legion of Merit Deco- 
rations, each with button and 
ribbon to be worn in lieu of decora- 
tion (166910); (through Ensigns 
E. A. Behr and R. C. Smith) 
piece of wood containing 2 species 
of shipworms and 1 polj^chaete 
worm from Noumea, New Cale- 
donia (166576); (through Lt. (jg) 
D. H. Johnson) 24 mammals, 4 
birds, 8 reptiles and amphibians, 
and 1 crab from Florida and Geor- 
gia (166886). 
Bureau of Ships: 1 wood sample of 
"carano" from Colombia (166172); 
1 wood sample each of "essessang" 
from West Africa and of "wolar" 
from South America (167009) ; wood 
specimens of "araracanga," "tata- 
juba," and "piquia" from Brazil, 
and ironbark eucalyptus from Aus- 
tralia (167603). 
Bureau of Yards and Docks: 1 small 
sample of "Madre Cerrna" wood 
from the GaMpagos Islands 
(165640). 
Coordinator of Research and Develop- 
ment: Special exhibit of emergency 
rescue equipment (167054, loan). 
Naval Medical School: 17 rats and 2 
mongooses (167120); 81 mammals, 
(rats and mice) from various 
sources (167284); 15 skins and 14 
skulls of house rats from Washing- 



ACCESSIONS 



89 



ton, D. C, collected by O. A. 
Muennink (167337). 

Neave, Dr. S. L., Kyuquot, Vancouver 
Island, British Columbia: Several 
parasitic worms (167669). 

Needham, Dr. James G., Ithaca, N. Y.: 
16 Neotropical dragonflies, all de- 
termined (166518). 

New York Botanical Garden, New 
York, N. Y.: 1,667 sheets of plants 
from India, collected by Dr. R. R. 
Stewart (165561, 165884, exchange); 
37 plants from Colombia (166872, 
exchange) ; 296 plants from the Great 
Basin region (167028, exchange); 4 
plants from Argentina (167678). 

New York State College of Agri- 
culture, Ithaca, N. Y.: 22 plants 
(166744, exchange). 

New York State Museum, Albany, 
N. Y.: (Through Dr. Winifred Gold- 
ring) 2 Devonian brachiopods from 
Australia; 2 specimens of recent snail, 
from Alaska (166078). 

New York Zoological Society, New 
York, N. Y.: (Through Dr. William 
Beebe) 28 frogs from Venezuela and 
British Guiana (166748). 

Niceforo Maria, Brother, Bogota, 
Colombia: 34 bird skins (166628); 51 
bird skins from Colombia (166700). 

Nichols, John T.. and Dr. Samuel F. 
HiLDEBRAND. (See under American 
Museum of Natural History.) 

Nicholson, Donald J., Orlando, Fla.: 
4 sets of eggs of gull-billed tern and 
1 nest of Florida redwing (165825). 

NicoL, David, Stanford University, 
Calif.: 5 slides of Foraminifera 
(166855). 

NicoLAY, Alan S., Montclair, N. J.: 
4 insects (166562, exchange). 

Noftsinger, Frank A., Roanoke, Va.: 
28 pictorial photographs (165754, 
loan) . 

North Carolina State Museum, 
Raleigh, N. C: 1 beaked whale 
fetus, collected at Cape Hatteras, 
N. C, in 1940 (162555). 

Office of the Coordinator of Intee- 
American Affairs, Division of Health 
and Sanitation, Washington, D. C: 
(Through Dr. Raymond M. Gilmore) 
A small collection of mammals, a 
bird, and a few snakes from Bolivia 
(166387). 

Office of War Information, Wash- 
ington, D. C: 3 war posters (165851). 

Oliveira Pinto, Dr. Oliverio M. De, 
Sao Paulo, Brazil. (See under De- 
partamento de Zoologica.) 

Olmsted, Dr. A. J., Washington, D. C: 
1 pocket Kodak, 1896 model; 1 roll of 
film of 1908, and 1 leather case 
(166321). 



Olmsted, Harry H., Arlington, Va.: 

1 De Vry 16-m.m. motion-picture 

camera (166157). 
Olsen, Prof. O. WiLFORD, Angleton, 

Tex.: 150 moUusks from Texas 

(166202). 
O'Neill, Dr. Hugh T., Washington, 

D. C. (See under Father Dutilly.) 
Orcutt, Mrs. C. R., San Diego, Calif.: 

324 lichens from Jamaica (112573). 
OsBORN, Ben, Glen Rose, Tex.: 17 

grasses mostly from Oklahoma and 

Kansas (165352). 
OsBURN, Prof. Raymond C, Columbus, 

Ohio: 1 mollusk from Put-in-Bay, 

Ohio (167332). 
Osment, Capt. William, Hollywood, 

Fla.: 35 moliusks from Cuba (167118, 

167403). 
OsoRio, Dr. J. M., Habana, Cuba. 

(See under University of Habana.) 
OuTES, Dr. Julio D., Salta, Argentina: 

A collection of Aeglea from La Quiaca, 

Jujuy, Argentina (166119). 
OwNBEY, Dr. Marion. (See under 

State College of Washington.) 
Packard, Ralph G., Morristown, N. J.: 

Whitworth rifle made in 1878 

(165685). 
Padula, Fioravanti, Rio de Janeiro, 

Brazil: Cr3^stal of muscovite from 

Chalet Verde mine, Espera Feliz, 

Minas Gerais, Brazil (166967). 
Parke, Davis & Co., Detroit, Mich.: 

5 official tinctures and 4 official 

fluidextracts, for pharmacy collection 

(167557). 
Parker, H. L., Montevideo, Uruguay: 

1 bird skin, Paraguayan snipe 

(165220). 
Parodi, Dr. Lorenzo R., Buenos Aires, 

Argentina: 18 grasses, mostly from 

Argentina (167012); 12 grasses from 

Argentina (167209, exchange). 
Parsons, Dr. Charles L., Washington, 

D. C: (Through Frank L. Hess) A 

specimen of gold in fluorite from 

Stratton's Independence mine, Crip- 
ple Creek, Colo. (166371). 
Partridge, William T., Washington, 

D. C. : A carpenter's plane, c. 1800, 

Athens, Ga. (165658). 
Patch, E. L,, Co., Boston, Mass.: 1 

specimen of cod-liver oil, for the 

collection of animal drugs (167556). 
Patterson, Mrs. W. E., Washington, 

D. C: (Through Library of Con- 

gess) A fragment of a Spanish flag 

taken from Morro Castle, Habana, 

Cuba, in 1898 (166201). 
Pauly, Karl A., Schenectady, N. Y.: 

5 thiA sections of Onondaga chert 

with fossil remains, from Berne and 

New Salem, N. Y. (167216). 
Peabody Engineering Corporation, 

New York, N. Y.: (Through E. H. 

Peabody) A combination oil and gas 



90 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



burner for industrial use and a 
sectioned oil atomizer of the same 
(165584). 
Pearson, Dr. T. Gilbert (deceased): 

1 bird head and 1 bird skin (166327). 
Peek & Velsob^ Inc., New York, N. Y.: 

A specimen of the rhizome and roots 
of Gentiana, USP, for materia- 
medica collection (167710). 

Peggs, a. Deans, Nassau, Bahamas, 
B. W. I.: 26 shrimps, 1 crab, 2 flies 
(165840). 

Penick & Co., S. B., New York, N. Y.: 
Specimens of horseradish root, rue, 
and nutmeg (165533, 167508). 

Pennsylvania, University of, Phila- 
delphia, Pa.: (Through Dr. Edgar T. 
Wherry) Fern from Oklahoma 
(167712, exchange). 

Pepsi-Cola Co., Long Island City, 
N. Y.: Calendars for 1942 and 1944 
with reproductions of paintings by 
well-known American artists (166554). 

Perkins, John U., Washington, D. C: 
19 reproductions in rotary photo- 
gravure of paintings by old masters, 
published by Charles Letts & Co. 
about 1906 (165765). 

Ferry, Dr. Stuart H., Adrian, Mich.: 

2 meteorites; New Westville, Preble 
County, Ohio, weight 4.8 kilograms, 
and Edmonton, Ky., 10.2 kilograms 
(168494); 2 meteorites, Penokee, 
Kans., 3,580 grams, and Cavour, 
S. Dak., 4,310 grams (166516); 1 mass 
of the Linwood, Nebr., meteorite 
(167622). 

Pfeiffer, Lt. E. W., Camp Lejeune, 
N. C: 37 birds and 1 bat from east- 
ern Brazil (167482). 

Phalen, Mrs. James M., Washington, 
D. C: Navaho blanket acquired at 
Fort Wingate, Ariz., about 1896 
(167525). 

Phelps, W. H., Caracas, Venezuela: 2 
specimens of a Venezuelan warbler, 1 
type on deposit, 1 paratype gift to 
Museum (166699, gift and deposit). 

PiERCM, Robert E.: (See under Florida 
Power & Light Co.) 

PiTTiER, Dr. H., Caracas, Venezuela: 
3,279 plants from Venezuela (165699, 
166068, 166475). 

Plymouth Cordage Co., North Plym- 
outh, Mass.: A 350-foot coil of 3- 
ply nylon rope similar to that now 
being used by the U. S. Army Air 
Forces for towing gliders (167719, 
loan). 

Porter, Dr. C. L. (See under Univer- 
sity of V/yoming.) 

Post Office Department, Washing- 
ton, D. C: 13 sets of specimen 
stamps (1,444 specimens) received 
from the International Bureau and 
described in bulletins of that bureau 
(165574, 165704, 165824, 166136, 



166289, 166584, 166762, 167096, 
167344); 12 specimens of 5-cent com- 
memorative postage stamps of 
Czechoslovakia, Luxemburg, Nor- 
way, and Poland (165894) ; 3 postage 
stamps of Bahamas, Barbados, and 
Newfoundland, received from Postal 
Administration of Great Britain 
(165997); 15 commemorative postage 
stamps of Belgium, France, Greece, 
Netherlands, and Yugoslavia 
(166475); 11 postage stamps of Bar- 
bados, Poland, and U. S. S. R. re- 
ceived respectively from the Postal 
Administrations of Great Britain, 
Poland, and U. S. S. R. (166477); 9 
stamps, 3 each commemorative of 
Albania, Austria, and Denmark 
(166983); 2 Millionaire calculating 
machines patented 1895 (167157); 
19 postage stamps and cards of the 
U. S. S. R. received from the Postal 
Administration of the U. S. S. R. 
(167540, 167672). 

PoTZGER, Prof. J. E., Indianapolis, Ind.: 
206 grasses from Indiana (166717). 

Pratt, Harry D. (See under Federal 
Security Agency, U. S. Public Health 
Service.) 

Pratt, Mrs. Lucy Holder, Winston- 
Salem, N. C: Homespun cotton 
counterpane handwoven in an over- 
shot pattern, "double bowknot," by 
the donor's grandmother, Lucy New- 
some Doub, in 1833, at Guilford 
Battle Ground, near Greensboro, 
N. C. (165485). 

Prince, F. M. (See under Federal 
Security Agency, U. S. Public Health 
Service.) 

Princeton University, Princeton, N. 
J.: (Through Prof. B. F. Howell) 7 
Middle Cambrian fossils from the 
Cloud Rapids formation of New- 
foundland (165724). 

Ransford, Arthur N., White Plains, 
N. Y. : 56 bird skins from Ecuador 
(167379). 

Rapp, Floyd A., Washington, D. C: 1 
specimen of bauxite, from Paranam, 
Dutch Guiana (167140). 

Rapp, William F., Jr., Chatham, N. J.: 
10 plants from New Jersey (167227). 

Rasetti, Dr. Franco, Quebec, Quebec: 
46 Cambrian and early Ordovician 
brachioDods from the vicinity of 
L^vis, Quebec (166139). 

Raynolds, Edward F., Central Valley, 
N. Y.: 6 pictorial photographs; "A 
Quaker Maid," "Old Salt," "Natures 
Drama," "Hale & Hearty," "The 
Recluse," and "Mike" (165709). 

Rayonier Incorporated, New York, 
N. Y.: A series of specimens, illus- 
trating the chemistry and applica- 
tions of refined alpha-cellulose from 
wood pulp, together with a photo- 



ACCESSIONS 



91 



graphic background and various in- 
stallation fixtures (167269). 

Reeder, Sgt. John R., San Francisco, 
Calif. (APO): 41 grasses from New 
Guinea (167031). 

Rees, Lt. B. E., Washington, D. C: 
A small collection of mosquitoes, 
beetles, and 1 spider from Good- 
enough Island, near New Guinea, 
collected by the donor (165874). 

Reeside, Dr. John B. (See under U. S. 
Department of the Interior, Geologi- 
cal Survey.) 

Rehder, Lt. Gerhard, New York, 
N. Y. (APO) : 7 lots, 18 specimens, of 
land and marine shells from North 
Africa (166740). 

Reid, Earl D. (See under Smithson- 
ian Institution, National Museum.) 

Reinhard, Prof. E. G., Washington, 
D. C.: 11 crustaceans (166565). 

Reinhard, H. J. (See under Texas 
Agricultural Experiment Station.) 

Remington, E. F., Perry Point, Md.: 
(Through Dr. W. M. Mann) Chipped 
stone artifacts from the Army Hospi- 
tal Grounds at Perry Point, Cecil 
County, Md. (165735); chipped stone 
artifacts gathered on the Army Hos- 
pital Grounds, Perry Point (167608). 

Republic Mining & Manufacturing 
Co., New York, N. Y.: (Through 
Lawrence Litchfield, Jr.) 8 specimens 
of French bauxite (167335). 

Reynolds, Robert V. R., Washington, 
D. C: A surveying compass with 
transit attachment and tripod, c. 
1870, made by W. and L. E. Gurley 
(165452). 

Rhoades, Dr. Rendell, Put-in-Bay, 
Ohio: 25 tvpe specimens of crayfish 
(166768). " 

Rhoades, Wm., Indianapolis, Ind. : 2 
insects (165412). 

Rhode Island Department of Agri- 
culture and Conservation, Kings, 
ton, R. I.: (Through C. C. Jennings) 
2 harvest mites (165823). 

Rice Institute, Houston, Tex.: 
(Through Dr. Asa C. Chandler) 1 
termite (165508); 1 katydid (165509). 

Richards, Dr. Horace G., Philadel- 
phia, Pa.: 3 specimens of a bryozoan 
from the Pleistocene of New Jersev 
(166470); 100+ amphipods and 1 hy- 
droid (166788). 

Richmond, Sgt. Marion, Arlington, 
Va.: 1 albino mole (165667). 

Ricker, Dr. P. L., Washington D. C: 
Specimen of plant from Maryland 
(167560). 

RiGGS, William A., Little Rock, Ark.: 
5 specimens of cinnabar from Ar- 
kansas (165763). 

Riguey, Carl Cecil, Stillwater Okla.: 
(Through Prof. R. Chester Hughes) 



9 slides of cotype specimens of a 
cestode (165787). 

Riney, Pvt. Thane A., Proving Ground, 
lU.: 1 hermit crab (166348). 

Ripley, H. Ernestine, Scarsdale, N. 
Y.: 1 fossil crab from Fayum Desert, 
Egvpt, collected by Walter Granger, 
1907 (167630). 

Ritcher, Dr. Paul O., Lexington, Ky.: 
14 beetle larvae and larval skins 
representing 6 species (166273); 17 
beetles (167139). 

Rivas, Luis R. (See under Reverend 
Brother Leon.) 

Roberts, Lt. H. R.,: (See under War 
Department, Army Medical Center). 

Roberts, Lt. (jg) John P., Rapid 
City, S. Dak. : 1 Groesbeck's calculat- 
ing machine, patented March 18, 
18'70, marked Ziegler & McCurdv 
(167256). 

Robinson, W. O., Falls Church, Va.: 
1 bervl crystal from Acworth, N. H. 
(166080). 

RoEBLiNG, Fund, Smithsonian Institu- 
tion, Washington, D. C: 4 yellow, 
brown, blue, and green zircons, 1 
brown olivine, 1 morganite, 1 sphal- 
erite, 1 chrysoberyl, and 1 salmon- 
colored beryl (165613); a series of 
zircons, spinels, a sapphire, and a 
Mexican opal (165828); 8 scheelite 
crystals from Kernville, Kern County, 
Calif. (166360); a cut stone of scheel- 
ite weighing 18.7 carats from Kern- 
ville, Calif. (166487); a green beryl, 
a yellow garnet, and a blue spinel 
(166801); a 4-ra3^ed star garnet from 
Emerald Lake, Idaho, weight 6.79 
carats (166956) ; 4 quartz crystals 
from Sugar Loaf No. 1 claim, Dona 
Ana County, N. Mex. (166996); 
specimen of Cavour, S. Dak., meteor- 
ite (167011); 1 chrysoberyl from 
Brazil, 13.80 carats (167270, part gift, 
part exchange); 1 star spinel from 
Ceylon and 4 tourmalines from Brazil 
(167317); 1 emerald cat's-eye from 
Colombia, weight 4.55 carats (167394) ; 

Roller, Jane, Takoma Park, D. C: 
1 cowbird (167830). 

Rollins, Edgar J., West Somerville, 
Mass.: 19th-century American flat- 
iron of the inventive period (167255). 

Roosevelt, President Franklin Dela- 
no, Washington, D, C: (Through 
Ralph E. Cropley) Ship's bulkhead 
lantern of R. M. S. Mauretania, 
biass with 3 beveled plate-glass win- 
dows (166146); 4 mounted fishes 
transferred from the waiting room at 
the White House (166533). 

RosBNGURTT, Dr. Bernardo, Monzon- 
Heber, Uruguay: 67 plants from 
Uruguay (165607, 166476) ; 143 plants 
from Uruguay and Argentina (166607, 



92 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



167032, 167247, 167381, 167717, ex- 
change) . 

RosENWALD, Maurice, New York, 
N. Y.: Copy of ''The Hatchet"— 
collection of newspapers issued on 
board the U. S. S. George Washington 
during World Vfai I (167097). 

Ross, Lt. Edward S., Santa Barbara, 
Calif.: 5 insects, 4 holotypes and 1 
allotype (166471). 

Ross, Dr. H. H., Urbana, 111.: (See 
under Tennessee Valley Authority.) 

Royal Ontario Museum of Paleon- 
tology, Toronto, Ontario: (Through 
Dr. Madeleine A. Fritz) Fragments 
of holotype of bryozoan (167130). 

Rubber Development Corporation, 
Washington, D. C: 2 trunk sections 
of highland chilte trees from Mexico 
(165530). 

RuBEY, W. W. (See under U. S. 
Department of the Interior, Geologi- 
cal Survey.) 

Rubin, Charles, Washington, D. C: 
A pair of pocket scissors combining 
18 different tools, imported from 
Germany in 1921 (166703). 

P.UNYON, Robert, Brownsville, Tex,: 
2 plants and fruit and seeds from 
another from Texas (166673, 166608). 

Rynbarson, Garn a., Grants Pass, 
Oreg. : A specimen of uvarovite 
from Blue Point claim, Tuolumne 
County, Calif. (166043). 

St. John, Dr. Edward P., Potsdam, 
N. Y.: 5 plants from New York 
(165562, 165803, exchange) 

Salter, William E., Washington, 
D. C: A partial skeleton of an extinct 
sea-cow from the Calvert formation 
of Maryland (165846) ; 46 fresh-water 
mollusks collected at Marshall Hall, 
Md. (167694). 

Sampson, A. H., Holyoke, Mass. (See 
under White & Wyckoff Manufac- 
turing Co.) 

Sanborn, Lt. Colin C, Washington, 
D. C: 1 fish from the Pacific Ocean 
off Point Parimas, Peru (167132). 

Sanchez, Jose, Sadi-Carnot, Mexico: 
47 plants from Mexico (167343). 

Sanders, Bill, Purdy, Mo.: 1 albino 
downy woodpecker (166509). 

Sargent, F, H., Washington, D. C: 
267 plants from Puerto Rico (166406, 
166948). 

Sawaya, Dr. Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
42 specimens of Aeglea (166719). 

Sawyer, Philip A., St. Augustine, Fla.: 
1 block model of a shrimp boat, 1 
block model of a sponge boat, and 1 
rigged model of a sponge boat. Tarpon 
Springs, Fla. (165514). 

Scattergood, Leslie W,, Boothbay 
Harbor, Maine: 2 shrimps from 
Maine (167258). 



Scheffer, Dr. Victor B. (See under 
U. S. Department of the Interior, 
Fish and Wildlife Service.) 

ScHMiTT, Lt. Karl, Phoenix, Ariz.: 65 
archeological specimens from sand- 
dune hearth areas in Utah (167645). 

ScHMiTT, Dr. Waldo L., Washington, 
D. C: 1 mollusk from Uruguav 
(165526). 

ScHULTZ, Jimmy, Washington, D. C: 
1 fossil crab claw from the Miocene 
at Plumpoint, Chesapeake Bay, Md. 
(166485). 

ScHULTz, Dr. Leonard P. (See under 
Mrs. S. Karrer and Smithsonian 
Institution, National Museum.) 

Schwartz, L. M., Washington, D. C: 
Plant from Washington, D. C.( 165887.) 

Schwartzbach, Dr. Saul, Washington, 
D. C: 760 specimens of fossil shells 
from GaMpagos Islands (166141). 

ScHWARZ, Dr. Ernst. (See under Lt. 
Comdr. J. M. Amberson.) 

ScHwiNFURTH, Charles. (See under 
Harvard University, Botanical Mu- 
seum.) 

Selby, Dr. John Hunter, Alexandria, 
Va.: 5 specimens of historical X-ray 
apparatus (166701); 1 localizer, 1 
Benoist penetrometer, 1 radiograph, 
and 1 paJr of glass doorknobs for 
X-ray collection (166784); specimen 
of Lovibond's tintometer (perfected 
by Dr. Dudley Corbett) for the X-ray 
collection (167626). 

Self, Prof. J. Teague, Norman, Okla.: 
38 specimens of mollusks from the 
Tennessee River (166621). 

Senn, Dr. Alfred, Barbados, B. W. I.: 
Foraminifera and corals from the 
middle and old Eocene of Barbados 
(77 localities represented and 21 
species of Foraminifera and 26 corals 
included); also Foraminifera and 
corals from the Oligocene and Miocene 
of Martinique (165721). 

Sermet, Mrs. E., Washington, D. C: 
1 beetle collected at Palm Beach, 
Fla. (166065). 

Seybold, G. H., Harbel, Liberia: 1 flat 
skin of an African antelope (166771). 

Shafer, Minnie M., Washington, D. 
C: The saddlebags used by Dr. 
George M. Shafer, U. S. Army, in 
private practice in Ohio (166472), 

Shamel, H. Harold, Washington, D. 
C: Skin and skull of 1 cottontail 
rabbit from Maryland (167349). 

Shapiro, Dr. Harry H., New York, 
N. Y.: (Through Mrs. Jerome Myers) 
3 prints by Jerome Myers, "Self- 
Portrait," etching; "Self-Portrait," 
lithograph; and "First Avenue Park," 
etching printed in color (166279). 

Sharp, Prof. Aaron J. (See under 
University of Tennessee.) 



ACCESSIONS 



93 



Sharp & Dohme, Inc., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : An exhibit illustrating the manu- 
facture and use of dried blood plasma 
(165849). 

Shearman, Thomas G., Washington, 
D, C: Kris-dagger and sheath from 
Malaysia collected before 1885 
(165861). 

Sheldon-Claire Co., Chicago, 111.: 31 
war posters entitled "This is America" 
(167134). 

Shelford, Dr. V. E., Champaign, 111.: 
17 isopods and 29 amphipods (165422) . 

Siddall, Alice I., Washington, D. C: 
B-flat rosewood clarinet with silver 
mountings made in the 70's bv C. H. 
Eisenbrant, of Baltimore (167472). 

Silberstein, Mrs. H., Greenbelt, Md.: 
4 moUusks from Guam (165621). 

SiMOEs, Jose Ferraz, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 1 specimen of polycrase with 
its alteration product and 1 crystal 
of a pseudomorph possibly of colum- 
bite or tantalite from Municipio of 
Juiz de Fora at Fazenda Boa Vista, 
about 2% km. northwest of Vargin 
Grande, Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(166966). 

Skinner, V^-'illiam, & Sons, New York, 
N. Y.: An aviator's suit of heavy 
rayon satin: "Tackle Twill," a dupli- 
cate of one worn by Lt. Col. Wm. A. 
Lovelace, Air Force Surgeon, when 
he made a parachute jump from a 
Flying Fortress at an altitude of 
40*^200 feet, near Euphrata, Wash., 
in 1943, dull side out; quilted with a 
filling of down and processed chicken 
feathers (166583); 2 suit fabrics of 
ra3^on-faced cotton-backed twill and 
rayon - faced wool - backed double- 
weave serge (interlining) to be used 
with G. E. Army Air Force electrically 
heated F-2 and F-3 flying ensembles 
and an enlarged colored photograph 
of an Army bomber (167341). 

Slavin, Maurice, Washington, D. C: 
A zircon, 3 crystals of tantalite, and 
a specimen of tapiolite from Paraika, 
Brazil, and 1 specimen of simpsonite 
from Solidada, Brazil (167765). 

Smith, Charles F,, Kingston, Pa.: 9 
fossil-animal trails from the Chemung 
shale near Lanesboro, Susquehanna 
County, Pa. (167136, exchange). 

Smith, C. N., Bulls Island, S. C: 
Young house rat from Bulls Island 
(167350). 

Smith, Dr. Charles Piper, San Jose, 
Calif.: Photographs of 2 plants 
(166811, exchange). 

Smith, Mrs. Frank C, Worcester, 
Mass.: Fern from Massachusetts 
(166492). 

Smith, Dr. Lyman B. (See under Har- 
vard University, Gray Herbarium.) 

662679—45 7 



Smith, G. Stace, Quebec, Quebec: 2 

paratype specimens of beetles 

(167142). 
Smith, Maxwell, Winter Park, Fla.: 

1 mollusk from Panama Bay 

(167393). 
Smith, Ensign R. C. (See under Navy 

Department.) 
Smithe, Geneva, Ann Arbor, Mich.: 

A collection of 15 pieces of American 

and European handmade laces 

(165551). 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
D. C: Photographs of the Russian 
scientist Klimenty Arkadevich 
Timiryazev (1843-1920) and of his 
wife, his residences, and various 
books and documents connected 
with his career (166152, deposit); 
1 Lauers patent revolving photo- 
graph cabinet, about 1870 (166486, 
deposit); 1 18'' x 22" albumen 
print from a wet plate, an original 
W. H. Jackson, "Grand Canvon of 
the Yellowstone" (166553, deposit); 
42 plants from Colombia (166894, 
deposit); 1 30" x 30" Benster 
plate holder used by solar eclipse 
expedition at Wadesboro, N. C, in 
1900 (167183, deposit); 1 etching, 
"Stony Pasture," by Luigi Lucioni, 
the annual associate member's 
print of the Society of American 
Etchers (167185, deposit); 2 pairs 
of wrought-iron hinges and a bar 
handle strip from original entrance 
doors to Children's Room, Smith- 
sonian Building (167321, deposit). 

Bureau of American Ethnology: 3 old 
photographic lenses (167563). 

National Collection of Fine Arts: 1 
portrait of John William Draper; 
a fine engraving by John Sartain 
(166773). 

National Museum, collected by members 
of the staff: Chapin, Dr. Edward A. : 
70 insects and 90 fresh-water mol- 
lusks taken in Springfield, Mass., 
in July 1943 (165542); Cooper, Dr. 
G. Arthur: A collection of Cam- 
brian, Devonian, Mississippian, and 
Permian fossils from Sonora, Mexi- 
co (165785); 500 Middle Ordovician 
fossils, including unusual crinoids 
and cystids from eastern Tennessee 
and southwestern Virginia (166370) ; 
Killip, E. P.: 2,052 plants from 
Venezuela (165605); Schultz, Dr. 
Leonard P., and Earl D. Reid 
(with Ensigns John H. and Frank 
C. Craighead, Jr.) : 658 fishes from 
Patuxent River, Md. (165595); 
Wetmore, Dr. A., 11 birds, 1 
chipmunk, and 1 mollusk from 
Shenandoah National Park 
(166182). 



94 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



National Museum, made in Museum, 
laboratories: A miniature model of a 
primitive oil refinery of William 
Barnsdal and W. H. Abbott built 
on the Parker Farm at Oil Creek, 
Pa., in 1860 (165692); cast of the 
type of a new comatulid and 2 casts 
of a crustacean from the Cretaceous 
of the Department of Cundina- 
marca, Colombia (167232); an 
album of 95 prints showing the 
building of the schooner Blackjish 
c. 1938; negatives lent by Mr. 
John M. Clayton (167397). 
National Zoological Park: 9 bird skins, 
68 bird skeletons, and 3 alcoholics 
(165783, 167380); 20 mammals 
(166016, 167709), 1 fish from West 
Africa (166651), 7 reptiles and 
amphibians (167768). 
SoiCE, Rex, Chicago, 111.: 1 Agfa color 
plate of 1924 and a reproduction there- 
from (167263). 
Solar, Dr. Enrique Del, Lima, Peru: 
(Through Dr. Ramon Ferreyra) 4 
shrimps (165549). 
SoRENSEN, A,, Pacific Grove, Caiif.: 7 

lots of barnacles (165407). 
SouKUP. Dr. J., S. S., Lima, Peru: 261 
plants from Peru (165559, 166170, 
167466). 
Southern Railway System, Wash- 
ington, D. C: Collection of copper, 
chromium, manganese, and miscella- 
neous ores from southeastern United 
States (166861). 
SouTHwoRTH, Charles, Thedford, On- 
tario: 1 Devonian clam (165746); 
600 Middle Devonian brachiopods 
and 1 pelecypod from Ontario 
(166581). 
SoxMAN, G. M., Dallas, Tex.: 9 ferns 

from Texas (164886). 
Speeds, John, Washington, D. C: An 
old silver watch having 3 dials and 
marked "Ancre 13 Pierres Rubis 
Houriet N 93257" (167262). 
SpiCER,Dr.V.D.P.,San Francisco, Calif.: 
325 specimens (including type of 1 
nev/ species) of marine shells from 
Midway, French Frigate Shoals in the 
Hawaiian group and Christmas Island 
in the Line Islands (167248). (See 
also under Glen L. Hall and S. L. 
Kimball.) 
Springer, Stev/art, Homestead, Fla.: 

35 fishes (160974). 
Squibb & Sons, E. R., New York, N. 
Y.: Material to illustrate the manu- 
facture of penicillin (166017). 
Stadnichenko, Maria, Washington, 
D. C: 33 slides and 1 vial of fossil 
larger Foraminifera from the Eocene 
of northwestern Peru (167552). 
Stallings, Don B., Caldwell, Kans.: 
12 butterflies, representing 6 species, 
all types (166623). 



Stanford University, Stanford Uni- 
versity, Calif.: 1 cultivated fern 
(165604, exchange); 20 specimens, 
paratypes of 11 species, of marine 
moUusks from the Miocene of Cali- 
fornia, described bj'' Dr. Myra Keen 
(166180, exchange). 

Star Fuse Co., New York, N. Y.: 1 
cellulose acetate test plier (167424). 

Stearns, J. L.. (See under U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture.) 

Steeee, Dr. William C, Washington^ 
D. C: 1 plant (166997). 

Steinmetz, Dr. F. H. (See under Uni- 
versity of Maine.) 

Stephenson, Dr. L. W., Washington, 
D. C: 11 chert artifacts and rejects 
of Edwards limestone (Lower Creta- 
ceous; exposed in Edwards Plateau) 
from Comal and Guadalupe Counties, 
Tex., collected by Dr. Stephenson on 
October 18, 1911 (166183). 

Stevens & Co., J, P., New York, N. Y.: 
7 examples of plain, twill, crepe, and 
fancy weaves made of blended yarns 
in various combinations of viscose 
and acetate rayons with aralac (made 
from casein) and wool produced in 
South Carolina mills (165974). 

Stevenson, Frank V., Chicago, 111.: 

5 Devonian brachiopods from south- 
ern New Mexico (166942). 

Stewart, Col. Harry, Cuernavaca, 
Morelos: 158 ethnological specimens 
and 1 lot of 23 photographs collected 
by Edwin F. Myers in 1938 during a 
3 months' sojourn among the Huichol 
Indians in northern Jalisco, Mexico 
(164789). 

Stirling, M. W., Washington, D. C: 
Fishes, snake, frogs, 2 lizards, leech, 
crab, and 2 insects collected on the 
Upper Rio de las Playas, Mexico 
(167774). 

Stokey, Dr. Alma G., South Kadlev, 
Mass.: 4 ferns (104243). 

Stone, Ernest C, Helena, Mont.; 

6 mollusks from near Dillon, Mont. 
(165699). 

Stottlemeyer, Margaret A. R.., Wash- 
ington, D. C: Single weave, jacquard 
type coverlet, ''lilies and stars," bear- 
ing woven name and place "Andrew 
Corick Middletown, Frederick County, 
Marj'land," in lower corners; and a 
cotton quilt, appliqued in conven- 
tional rose pattern, made by the 
donor's sister (167647). 

Stumm, Dr. Erwin C, Oberlin, Ohio: 
65 invertebrate fossils from the De- 
vonian (Detroit River formation) of 
north-central Ohio (166758). 

Stuntz, Lt, Stephen C, Jr., San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. (APO): 2 butterflies 
from New Guinea, both new to the 
Museum's collection (166633). 



ACCESSIONS 



95 



Susan B. Anthony League Founda- 
tion, Washington, D. C: (Through 
Mrs. Ada van Loon Brandow Mac- 
Gee) Silk banner, plaster plaque, and 
framed silhouette associated with the 
history of woman's suffrage in the 
United States (164793). 

SwANTON, Dr. John R., Washington, 
D. C: Archeological material, chiefly 
potsherds, from various Indian sites 
in southeastern United States, in- 
cluding certain lots from sites on or 
near the presumed route of De Soto's 
expedition of 1539-42, and provi- 
sionally identified with towns men- 
tioned by the Spaniards (165802); 
stone elbow pipe with cherry wood 
stem made by the Natchez Indian 
Watt Sam in 1915 and presented by 
him to Dr. Swanton (167837, loan). 

Swift, Dorothy R., Washington, D. C. 
(See under John V. Morris.) 

Swingle, Dr. W. T., Washington, D. C: 
43 mosses from Kansas (166957). 

Taft, Charles P. (See under Mrs. 
William Hov^^ard Taft.) 

Taft, Mrs. William Howard, Wash- 
ington, D. C: (Through Charles P. 
Taft) A collection of 17 Javanese, 
Moro, and other oriental brasses; also 
1 inscribed silver vase bearing the 
hallmark of Chester, England (165833) . 

Tanner, Dr. Vasco M., Provo, Utah. 
(See under Biigham Young Univer- 
sity.) 

Tarzwell, Dr. Clarence M. (See 
under Tennessee Valley Authority.) 

Taylor, Dr. R. M. (See" under Minis- 
terio da Educagao e Saude.) 

Teeters, Robert, Melrose Park, Pa.: 
An incomplete skeleton of white- 
tailed jack rabbit (165844). 

Tennessee, University of, Knoxville, 
Tenn: (Through Prof . Aaron J. Sharp) 
49 specimens of grasses (165774, 
exchange); 152 plants from Virginia, 
South Carolina, and Tennessee (166156, 
exchange). 

Tennessee Valley Authority, De- 
catur, Ala,: (Through Dr. Clarence 
M. Tarzwell) 69 turtles and 1 sala- 
mander from Wheeler Reservoir 
(166663): (through Dr. A. D. Hess) 
2-f jellyfishes (166722); (through Dr. 
H. H. Ross) 19 vials of aquatic insects 
collected by Dr. J. S. Dendy (185999). 

Texas Agricultural Experiment 
Station, College Station, Tex.: 
(Through H. J. Reinhard) Small col- 
lection of miscellaneous insects col- 
lected in Australia by C. J. Burgin 
(167085). 

Texas Memorial Museum, Austin, 
Tex.: One slice, 142 grams, of the 
San Jose, Tamaulipas, Mexico, me- 
teorite (166848). 



Texas State Board of Health, Aus- 
tin, Tex.: (Through Dr. S. W. Bohls) 
60 insects, representing 6 species 
(166600, exchange), 4 slides of insect 
specimens (166943). 

Texas, University of, Austin, Tex.: 
54 plants, mostly from Texas (1 65501, 
exchange); 460 plants from Mexico 
(167351, exchange); 1,137 plants, 
mostly from Texas (167116, ex- 
change); (through Dr. Fred A. Bark- 
ley) 40 plants from Texas (167043, 
exchange), 54 plants collected in the 
Cliisos Mountains of Texas bj^ C. H. 
Mulier; 63 plants, mostly from Texas 
(167184, part gift and part exchange) ; 
32 grasses from Texas (167207). 

Textile Color Card Association op 
the United States, Nevv^ York, N.Y.: 
Standard Color Card, 9th edition 
(revised 1941), containing dyed swatches 
of crepe-back satin for matching to 
fabrics having either shiny or dull 
surfaces (167646). 

Thom, Mrs. Corcoran, Washington, 
D. C.: 3 pieces of pottery "excavated 
at Copan, Honduras" (167535). 

Thomas, Dr. B. O. A., Nev/ York, N. Y.: 
1 Curlier and Ives lithograph, "The 
Holy Sepulchre" (165536;. 

Thomas, Dr. Lyell J. (See under Illi- 
nois State Academy of Science.) 

Thomson, John P., Colviile, Wash.: 
6 Carboniferous fossils, brachiopods, 
and crinoidal debris, from northeast- 
ern Washington (166484). 

Tidd, Dr. Wilbur M., Columbus, Ohio: 
4 parasitic copepods (166379). 

Tiller, Richard E., College Park, Md.: 
1 fish taken in a pond net at Cedar 
Point Hollow, Chesapeake Bay (165- 
635) . 

Tissot, Dr. A. N. (See under Agricul- 
tural Experiment Stations, Gaines- 
ville, Fla.) 

Tittle, V/alter., Danbury, Conn.: 42 
drypoints and 1 etching, from v.-hich 
35 drypoints were selected for special 
exhibition, October 25 to November 
28, 1943 (166245, loan); 18 drypoints 
and 1 etching bv Walter Tittle 
(167135). 

ToLMAN, R. P., Washington, D. C: 1 
embossed folder containing 8 repro- 
ductions of etchings, these made by 
deep etched offset lithography, com- 
bined with die-stamping, and origi- 
nal! v issued by Nature Magazine 
(166404). 

ToMLiNSON, W. Harold, Springfield, Pa. : 
1 specimen each of marialite, stilbite, 
natrolite, and chabazite from Perki- 
omenviile. Pa. (165632, exchange). 

TowNSEND, Dr. C. H. T., Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: (Through Capt. David G. 
Hall) 1,844 flies, mostly from Brazil 
(166056). 



96 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



Trapido, Lt. Harold, Camp Davis, 
N. C: 24 tree frogs and toads from 
Washington (167004). 

Treasury Department, Bureau of the 
Mint, Washington, D. C: 30 speci- 
mens of U. S. coins dated 1943 
(167141); 9 United States gold coins 
struck during the period 1854-1907 
(167826). 

Tropical Forest Experiment Station, 
Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico: 3 plants 
cultivated in Puerto Rico (167225). 

Truitt, Dr. R. V., College Park, Md.: 
40 isopods from Louisiana (167429). 

Pucker, Mrs, Arlowein W. (See under 
Mrs. Elizabeth Kennett Wray.) 

TuRVBE, Mrs. H. R., Santa Cruz, Calif.: 
12 mollusks from Scotts Creek Beach, 
Santa Cruz County, Calif. (166693); 
6 mollusks from Mexico and California 
(167512). 

Tuthill, Dr. L. D., Ames, Iowa: 15 
insects representing 9 species, ail 
paraty pes (166638). 

Twitchell, Karl S,, New York, N. Y,: 
Fragment of Hamyarite bronze plaque 
and alabaster carving and 16 pot- 
sherds from near the ancient Ham- 
yarite site of That-ei Okt-el Hodood, 
Nejran, Asir, Saudi Arabia (165557, 
loan). 

Uderitz, George W., Vienna, Va.: 
One sample each of Guineawood, 
plain-sawed teak, and quarter- sawed 
teak (165622). 

Union Diesel Engine Co., Oakland, 
Calif.: (Through O. H. Fischer) 
Model of an open crosshead cylinder 
developed by the Union Gas Engine 
Co. of Oakland, Calif,, for large dis- 
tillate and gasoline engines of about 
1915 (166083). 

United Service Organizations, 
Washington, D. C: Third Anniver- 
sary Exhibit, January 20- January 31, 
1944, comprising arts and crafts of 
service people made in the various 
U. S. O. centers (166772, loan). 

Universal Winding Co., Providence, 
R. L: 14 specimens of wire coils il- 

\ lustrating various products of Uni- 

- versal automatic coil winding ma- 
chines (167169). 

University of Montreal, Montreal, 
Quebec: 55 plants from Cuba (166231, 
exchange) . 

Urdang, Dr. George, Madison, Wis.: 
37 prints pertaining to the life history 
of Carl Wilhelm Scheele, apothecary 
chemist (165747). 

Uribb, Dr. Lorenzo Uribe, S. J,, 
Bogota, Colombia: 12 plants from 
Colombia (165807, 165841). 

Usinger, Dr. R. L., Davis, Calif.: 1 
specimen (slide) of a bug (165554); 1 
beetle larva, collected in a termite 
gallery beneath the bark of a pine 



stump at Rincon, Ga., May 30, 1943 
(165556). 

Utah State Agricultural College, 
Logan, Utah: (Through Dr. George 
F. Knowlton) 2 beetles, paratypes 
(167084); (through Dr. Arthur H. 
Holmgren) 4 plants from Nevada 
(166350, exchange). 

Vaiden, M. G., Rosedale, Miss.: 2 
nests of indigo bunting (165660). 

Valdes, Fernando Araya. (See under 
Mr. Coope.) 

Valencia, Dr. Juan Ignacio, Bloom- 
ington, Ind.: 20 grasses from Chile 
and Argentina (167246). 

Valentine, Dr. J. M., Washington, 
D. C: 22 beetles, including 10 para- 
types (166111). 

Van Deusen, Col. E. S., Detroit, Mich. 
(See under V/ar Department.) 

Vargas C, Dr, C, Cuzco, Peru: 11 
plants and 18 beetles from Peru 
(167057, 167106, 167674). 

Vargas, Dr. Luis, Mexico, D. F.: 1 
mosquito larva (167415, exchange). 

Vaughan, Dr. T. Wayland. (See 
under Alabama Geological Survey, 
R. Wright Barker, and Dr. H. G. Kugler.) 

Victoria Provincial Museum, Vic- 
toria, British Columbia: 3 leeches, 8 
flatworms, 3 bryozoans, and 7 am- 
phipods (166266), 

Vines, Robert A., Houston, Tex.: 25 
plants from Texas (165926). 

Virginia Fisheries Laboratory, Wil- 
liamsburg, Va.: 5 crabs (166012). 

Visel, Gladys O., ¥/ashington, D, C: 
Specimen of cultivated shrub (167593) 

Vladykov, Dr. Vadim D., Montreal, 
Quebec: 3 cephalopods (156738). 

Vogel, Morton, Washington, D. C: 
3 insects — 1 fly, 2 Hymenoptera (165567). 

VoKS — U. S. S. R. Society for Cul- 
tural Relations with Foreign 
Countries, Moscow, U. S, S, R.: 
6 war posters produced by hand sten- 
cil process (167088). 

Wadsworth, Rose, HalloweU, Maine: 
Smaii collection of dragonflies made 
by the late Mattie Wadsworth of 
Manchester, Maine (166787). 

Wagner, Dr. H. O,, Mexico, D. F.: 
3 birds eggs (167245). 

Wagner, Ensign Warren H., Washing- 
ton, D. C: 115 ferns from West 
Virginia, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Trini- 
dad, British Guiana, and Venezuela 
(165560, 165976, 166200, 166644, 
167002, 167568); 53 butterflies, repre- 
senting 23 species (167250). 

Walford, Dr. Lionel A. (See under 
U. S. Department of the Interior, 
Fish and Wildlife Service.) 

Walker, Clara R., Wellesley Hills, 
Mass.: 2 hand-woven, jacquard type 
coverlets; a blue-and-white, single 
and double weave combination in 



ACCESSIONS 



97 



"Medallions" pattern; and a red-and- 
white, double-weave ''Tyler Coverlet" 
having the weaver's mark, an Ameri- 
can eagle, and a name, place, and 
date woven in two corners, indicating 
it was made in Oswego County, N. Y., 
in 1845, for Cynthia Walker, the 
donor's paternal grandmother 
(166318). 
Walker, Dr. E. H., Washington, D. C: 
6 plants from the eastern United 
States (165710); 5 plants (167561). 
(See also under Maryland Academy 
of Sciences.) 
Walker, Ernest P., Washington, 
D. C: 10 hamsters raised in captiv- 
ity by donor (166014, 166574). 
Walker, Robert Sparks, Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn.: 6 amphipods (166356). 
Walkley, Luella, Chevy Chase, Md.: 
1 beetle collected by donor in Wash- 
ington, D. C, July 17, 1943 (165707). 
Wallace, Hon. Henry A., Washing- 
ton, D. C: 2 robes made from small 
strips of vicuna skin, presented to 
Vice President Wallace on the occa- 
sion of his good-will tour to South 
America in May 1943, by Miss Rosa 
Prado, daughter of the President of 
Peru (165809); 2 gold models, each 
on its silver base, presented to Vice 
President Wallace by the Chamber of 
Commerce in Bolivia on the occasion 
of his visit to La Paz in April 1943; 
both models reflect the Tiahuanaco 
style (165872). 
Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling 
Scholarship, Smithsonian Institu- 
tion: 2,331 mammals, 29 fishes, 1 
parasitic worm, 61 reptiles, a collec- 
tion of insects, and 30 archeological 
and human skeletal specimens col- 
lected in the States of Magdaiena, 
Bolivar, and Atlantico, Colombia, by 
Philip Hershkovitz, Bacon Scholar 
1941-43 (161484, 166374). 
War Department: 54 adult mosquitoes 
from New Guinea and Australia 
(165495); Army Nurse and Wom- 
en's Auxiliary Army Corps coats 
and uniforms of the period of 
World War II (149 specimens) 
(166142,167648). 
Adjutant GeneraFs Office, Washington, 
D. C: 5 medals of award, each with 
ribbon bar and lapel button, viz, 
U. S. Air Medal, and Legion of 
Merit, Chief Commander, Com- 
mander, Legionnaire, and Officer 
(167318). 
Army Medical Center, Washington, 
D. C: (Through Lt. H. R. Roberts) 
270 adults and 95 larvae of mosqui- 
toes collected in the Australasian 
region (165493). 
Army Medical Museum, Washington, 
D. C: (Through Maj. H. A. 



Davis) 16 snakes sent from General 
Hospital No. 20, India (166367); 
3 snakes and 1 eel collected bv Lt. 

C. G. Eddv, General Hospital No. 
20, India (166560); 1 snake from 
New Guinea received from Lt. 
Col. Anselm W. Keefe (166846). 

Army Medical School, Washington, 

D. C: (Through Capt. Luther S. 
West) 30 mosquitoes (166518). 

Division of Preveri'ative Medicine, 
Washington, D. C. : (Through Major 
Kirk J. Moseley) 9 mosquitoes 
(3 adults, 6 larvae) (165494). 
Fourth Service Command Medical 
Laboratory, Fort McPherson, Ga.: 
(Through Maj. Stanley J. Car- 
penter) 73 larval slides and 30 vials 
of mosquito larvae in 40 species 
from the southeastern United States 
(167828). 
Office of Chief of Ordnance, Washing- 
ton, D. C: (Through Col. E. S. 
Van Deusen) 1 Armv )4-ton 4x4 
truck ("jeep") (167398). 
Office of the Quartermaster General, 
Army Service Forces, Washington, 
D. C: 34 pieces of captured Ger- 
man and Japanese military equip- 
ment (167554, loan). 
V/ar Production Board, Lumber and 
Lumber Products Division, Washing- 
ton, D. C: Samples of 12 com- 
mercial woods of Cuba (165623). 
War Shipping Administration, Wash- 
ington, D. C: U. S. Merchant Marine 
Distinguished Service Medal, Mari- 
ner's Medal, and Merchant Marine 
Emblem, each with service bar and 
certiScation card (167235). 
Warren, Walter C, Black Diamond, 
Wash. : 1 lot of boehmite-bearing clay 
from Washington (167767). 
Washington Loan & Trust Co., 
Washington, D. C. (See under Kate 
Session Marsh.) 
Washington, State College of. De- 
partment of Botany, Pullman, Wash.: 
(Through Dr. Marion Ownbey) 95 
plants from Canada (166067, ex- 
change) ; (through William A. Weber) 
294 plants from the western United 
States (166531, exchange). 
Watson, Charles, Washington, D. C: 

1 bat (165801). 

Watson, Mrs. Harry L., Washington, 

D. C: 1 swift, umbrella type, of hard 

wood, believed to have come from a 

farm home at Easton, Mass. (166319). 

Weaver, John, Elk Springs, Colo.: 

One specimen of gilsonite from White 

River, Moffat County, Colorado 

(166931). 

Weber, William A. (See under State 

College of Washington.) 
Wells, Dr. John W., Columbus, Ohio: 
76 fossil and recent corals collected by 



98 



REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 



Dr. Hollis Hedberg, embracing 14 
holotypes, 12 paratypes, 27 figured 
specimens, and other specimens 
(165723); holotype of coral from the 
Middle Cretaceous Buda limestone 
of Texas (166317). 

West, Capt. Luther S., Washington, 
D. C. (See under War Department, 
Army Medical School.) 

Wetmore, Dr. A., Washington, D. C: 
1 white-throated sparrow (166275); 
1 jumping mouse collected in Fairfax 
County, Va., October 17, 1943 
(166578). (See also under Smith- 
sonian Institution, National Museum.) 

Wheeler, H. E. (See under Arkansas 
Geological Survey.) 

Wherry, Dr. Edgar T., Philadelphia, 
Pa.: Fern from Pennsylvania 
(165886). (See also under University 
of Pennsylvania.) 

White. Burdettb E., Merced, Calif.: 
4 beetles (167159); 2 beetles, male 
and female paratypes (167205). 

White, Dr. O. E., Charlottesville, Va.: 
4 plants from Brazil (165697). 

White & Wyckoff Manufacturing 
Co., Holyoke, Mass.: (Through A. H. 
Sampson) Copies of calendars issued 
for the years ,1932, 1934, 1935, 1936, 
1937, 1940, 1943, and 1944, with il- 
lustiations of oj-tistic and historic 
interest (167191). 

Williams, Sgt. Milo W., Sarasota, 
Fla.: A large collection of marine 
invertebrates, fishes, mollusks^ and 
echinoderms (166430, 166646). 

Williamson, Lt. Walter, Washington, 
D. C: 9 mollusks from Brazil (167045). 

Work Projects Administration, 
Washington, D. C: (Through A. T. 
Hill) Pottery sherd samples from 
various Indian village sites in Ne- 
braska and South Dakota; excavated 
by W. P. A. and Nebraska State 
Historical Society (166141). 



Wray, Mrs. Elizabeth Kennett (de- 
ceased) : (Through Mrs Arloweine W. 
Tucker) Mounted hair-work "Me- 
morial Wreath," period of 1878, made 
at the Montgomery Female College, 
Christiansburg, Montgomery County, 
Va., by the donor's mother, Mollis J. 
Meedor, when she was 14 years old 
(167396). 

Wright, Edith A., and Josephine 
McDevitt, Washington, D. C: 39 
early American military prints on 
sheet music, for exhibition August 2 
to 29, 1943 (165756, loan). 

Wright, L. M., C. E. M., New York, 
N. Y. (F. P. O.): 1 molhisk (165703). 

Wright, M. L., Carlsbad, N. Mex.: 9 
smoky quaitz crystals from the 
Capitan Mountains near Lincoln, 
N. Mex. (166081). 

Wright, M. L. Miami, Fla.: 15 marine 
shells from Florida (167254). 

Wright, Dr. ¥/. H. (See under Federal 
Security Agency, U. S. Public Health 
Service, and Dr. Antonio Montoya.) 

Wyoming, University of, Laramie, 
Wyo.: 229 plants, mostly from 
Wyoming (167029, exchange); 
(through Dr. C. L. Porter) 1 plant 
from New Mexico (166155, exchange). 

Yale University, School of Forestry, 
New Haven Conn.: 6 wood samples 
(166622, exchange). 

Yarrow, J, R.., Washington, D. C: 
Plant from New York (167770). 

Young, Lt. E. S., San Francisco, Calif. 
(F. P. O.)- 2 mollusks (167189). 

Young, James Barclay, Stonington, 
Conn.: Pioto-Nazca bowl from an 
unknown site in Peru (165908). 

Zetek, James, Balboa Heights, Canal 
Zone: 300+ land isopods and many 
small insects (165594). 

Zodac, Peter, Peekskill, N. Y.: 3 
specimens of mesolite from Oregon 
and 1 specimen each of thomsonite 
and stilbite from New York (167233). 



PUBLICATIONS ISSUED BY THE UNITED STATES 
NATIONAL MUSEUM DURING THE FISCAL YEAR 1943-44 



REPORT 

Report on the progress and condition of the United States National Museum for 
the fiscal year ended June 30, 1943. 8vo, iii-f 108 pp. January 1944. 

BULLETINS 

Bulletin 183. Archeological investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. 

By Waldo R. Weclel. With appendix, Skeletal remains from Platte and 

Clay Counties, Missouri. By T. Dale Stewart. 8vo, viii+284 pp., 22 figs., 

50 pis. October 1, 1943. 
Bulletin 184. The metallography of meteoric iron. By Stuart H. Perry. 8vo, 

vii+206 pp., 9 figs. 78 pis. February 15, 1944. 
Bulletin 185, part 1. Checklist of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central 

America, the West Indies, and South America. Compiled by Richard E. 

Blackwelder. 8vo, xii + 188 pp. March 7, 1944. 
Bulletin 185, part 2. Checkhst of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central 

America, the West Indies, and South America. Compiled by Richard E. 

Blackwelder. 8vo, pp. 189-341. June 30, 1944. 

PAPERS PUBLISHED IN SEPARATE FORM 



Part 



FROM VOLUME 29, CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE UNITED 
STATES NATIONAL HERBARIUM 

1. Taxonomic studies of Tropical American plants. By C. V. Morton' 
Pp. i~xi, 1--86. March 23, 1944. 



FROM VOLUME 91 OF THE PROCEEDINGS 

Title page, table of contents, and index. Pp. i-viii, 521-529. October 26, 1943» 

FROM VOLUME S2 OF THE PROCEEDINGS 

Title page, table of contents, and index. Pp. i-viii, 621-668. November 29, 
1943. 

FROM VOLUME 93 OF THE PROCEEDINGS 

Title page, table of contents, and index. Pp. i-viii, 609-647. April 13, 1944. 
No. 3167. New species of buprestid beetles of the genus Agrilus from Trinidad. 

By W. S. Fisher. Pp. 375-380. July 26, 1943. 
No. 3168. Some fungus beetles of the family Endomychidae in the United States 

National Museum, mostly from Latin America and the Philippine Islands. 

By H. F. Strohecker. Pp. 381-392, fig. 12. August 5, 1943. 
No. 3169. Summary of the collections of snakes and crocodilians made in Mexico 

under the Walter Rathbone Bacon traveling scholarship. By Hobart M. 

Smith. Pp. 393-504, figs. 13-15, pi. 32. October 29, 1943. 
No. 3170. The North American parasitic wasps of the genus Tetrastichus — a con- 
tribution to biological control of insect pests. By B. D. Burks. Pp. 505- 

608, figs. 16-21. October 26, 1943. 

FROM VOLUME 94 OF THE PROCEEDINGS 

No. 3171. Catalog of human crania in the United States National Museum 
collections; Non-Eskimo people of the Northwest Coast, Alaska, and Siberia. 
By Ale§ Hrdhcka. Pp. 1-172. April 6, 1944. 

No. 3172. The catfishes of Venezuela, with descriptions of thirty-eight new 
forms. By Leonard P. Schultz. Pp. 173-338, figs. 1-5, pis. 1-14. Feb- 
ruary 11, 1944. 

99 



100 REPORT OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM, 1944 

No. 3173. Revisions of two genera of chalcid-flies belonging to the family 

Eupelmidae from North and South America. By A. B, Gahan. Pp. 339- 

369. November 26, 1943. 
No. 3174. New species of American scolytoid beetles, mostly NeotropicaL 

By M. W. Blackman. Pp. 371-399, pis. 15-17. November 22, 1943. 
No. 3175. A revision of the Embioptera, or wxb-spinners, of the New World- 

By Edward S. Ross. Pp. 401-604, figs. 6-156, pis. 18-19. January 19, 1944. 
No. 3176. Twelve new species of Chinese leaf-katydids of the genus Xiphi- 

diopsis. By Ernest R. Tinkham. Pp. 505-527, fig. 157. April 29, 1944. 

FROM VOLUME 96 OF THE PROCEEDINGS 

No. 3178. New American cynipids from galls. By Lewis H. Weld. Pp. l-24j 
pis. 1-2. April 15, 1944. 

o 



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