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Full text of "Report on the records of the city of Exeter .."

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 
AT LOS ANGELES 




HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS COMMISSION. 



EEPOET 



ON THE 



RECORDS 



OF THE 



CITY OF EXETER. 



to parliament bg ommanD of f^tg 




LONDON: 

PRINTED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF HIS MAJESTY'S 
STATIONERY OFFICE 

By THE HEREFORD TIMES LIMITED, MAYLORD STREET, HEREFORD. 



To be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN & SONS, LIMITED, 29, BREAMS BUILDINGS, FETTER LANE, E.G., 

and 28, ABINGDON STREET, S.W., and 54, ST. MARY STREET, CARDIFF; or 

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EDINBURGH ; or 

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or from the Agencies in the British Colonies and Dependencies, 

the United States of America and other Foreign Countries of 

T. FISHER UN WIN, LIMITED, LONDON, W.C. 



1916. 



[Cd. 7640.] Price, 2s. 3d. 



I 



HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS COMMISSION. 



EEPOET 

ON THE 

RECORDS 

OP THE 

CITY OF EXETEE. 



to parliament feg ommanto of ?(* J&ajegtg. 




LONDON: 

PRINTED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OP HIS MAJESTY'S 
STATIONERY OFFICE 

By THE HEREFORD TIMES LIMITED, MAYLOKD STREET, HEREFORD. 



To be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN & SONS, LIMITED, 29, BREAMS BUILDINGS, FETTER LANE, E.G., 

and 28, ABINGDON STREET, S.W., and 54, ST. MARY STREET, CARDIFF; or 

H.M. STATIONERY OFFICE (SCOTTISH^BRANCH), 23, FORTH STREET, 

EDINBURGH ; 'or 

E. PONSONBY, LIMITED, 116, GRAFTON STREET, DUBLIN ; 

or from the Agencies in the British Colonies and Dependencies, 

the United States of America and other Foreign Countries of 

T. FISHER UNWIN, LIMITED, LONDON, W.C. 



1916. 



[Cd. 7640.] Price, 2s. U. 



-: 




CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

J INTRODUCTION - v 

h 

EEPOET 1 

INDEX - - - 435 



212738 



The whole of the text of this volume, including the 
introduction, was prepared, on behalf of the Historical 
Manuscripts Commissioners, by Mr. J. H. WYLIE, M.A., D.Litt., 
who only lived, however, to pass the first 160 pages finally 
through the press. The remainder has been passed by his 
son, Mr. JAMES WYLIE, Barrister-at-Law, who has followed 
his father's manuscript exactly except for some minor verbal 
alterations. 

The index has been compiled by Miss Ethel George. 



INTRODUCTION. 



In Tudor days the City of Exeter was fortunate in having 
as custodian of its records a learned and travelled man who, 
besides taking an active part in the events of his own time, 
had a keen perception of the value of original documentary 
evidence as a guide to an accurate knowledge of the historic 
past. John Vowell alias Hooker,* as he usually calls himself, 
was born at Exeter about the year 1526, and on Sept. 21, 
1555,f was appointed the first chamberlain of his native city. 
On May 20, 1568 (Book 51, f. 3556) he went to Ireland at the 
request of Sir Peter Carew "for the recovery of certain land 
appertant to the inheritance " of his patron, and while there 
he sat in the Irish Parliament of that year as a representative 
of Athenry. In the following yearj he received official per- 
mission to print the Statutes and Acts of Parliaments of 
Ireland, but as this was to be "at his own charges," it is 
not surprising that the proposal seems to have come to nothing. 
After a three years' stay he returned to England and sat 
as one of the two burgesses who represented the City of Exeter 
in the Parliament that met at Westminster on April 2nd, 
1571, and his diary of attendance at that Parliament, together 
with his claim for wages, is still preserved among the City 
archives (see Book 60A). After this he was employed in a 
re-issue of Holinshed's Chronicle, to which he contributed 
the section on Ireland]) and the account of the " commotion " 
at Exeter in 1549,^| during which he had himself been present. 
In addition to his office as Chamberlain, he held at various 
times the offices of Coroner of the City, Bailiff of the Manor of 
Exiland, Collector of the Small Custom, and Judge of the 
Admiralty in the County of Devon**, in all of which 
capacities we have abundant evidence of his activity still 
preserved in the City records. 

In 1561 Queen Elizabeth granted a Charter for the estab- 
lishment of a Court of Orphans, the members of which were 
charged as trustees with the administration of the estates 
of deceased citizens. As Chamberlain Hooker was the 

* He often calls himself John Vowell alias Hooker, or John Hooker alias 
Vowell, owing to his descent from the family of Vowell of Pembroke. See 
Transactions of Devonshire Association, July, 1882, p. 636. 

f Act Book II, /. 1426, has an entry on that date : " John Hoker to be 
Chamberleyn of the said Citee." See also Oliver, 242. 

J i.e. March 20, 1569, Cal. of Carew MSS., i, 387. 

Holinsh., ii, 121 ; Oliver, 246. He also represented Exeter in the 
Parliament that met at Westminster, Oct. 15, 1586. Return of Members, I, 
417. 

j| i.e. Vol. II in the edition of 1586. 

II Holinsh., iii, p. 1007. 
** To this office he was appointed on April 5, 1566. See Book 57. 



VI 

president of this Court, and details in connexion with its 
proceedings occur frequently among the records, while under 
the social stress occasioned by the dissolution of the religious 
houses he interested himself keenly in the pressing questions 
of providing work for the poor and free schooling for their 
children, both of which topics also are fully illustrated in 
the collection. 

In 1575 he published " Orders enacted for Orphans &c." 
(see Book 51, /. 1336), preceded by an Epistle Dedicatory 
addressed to " the Mayor and Senators," in which he spoke of 
himself as " beeing many times privy of your dooings and 
present hi your councyls " (p. 56), adding that : " it is lamentable 
to see what troupes and clusters of children boyes and elder 
persons lye loytering and floistering in every corner of the 
citie " and that " great shewes have been made and attempts 
pretended for erecting of the Hospitall and for employing of 
such idle children in some honest artes, but of these great 
blothes cometh small frutes " (p. 9) ; that " these swarm in 
clusters in every corner of your citie and for want of good 
education and nurturing doo growe to be thornes and thistles," 
and that "it is your juste and bounden dutie to provide for 
the education, instruction and whatsoever is necessary for 
suche," and " as you have been and yet are careful and studious 
to doo what in you lieth for the erection of an hospitall, a 
thing in respect of the poore destitute and helpless children 
necessary and expedient to be done, so am I in good hope 
of your like affection, zeale and good will for and in the erecting 
and establishing of a free gramer school within this citie, 
a thing no more needful then most necessary for the general 
education of children of all sorts and degrees in learning " 
(p. 22), and "although your beginnings be hard and have 
many sisemies [sic] which doe what they may to hinder the 
same, yet you know that of hard beginnings come good endings 
and good attempts have good success " (p. 226). 

Hooker died at Exeter in 1601, and the last entry in the 
Act Book of that year (Act Book V, /. 276) records that on 
Sept. 15, 1601, the chamber " have elected in the steade of 
John Hooker, Chamberlyn, deceased, William Tickell to be 
Chamberlyn of the said Cittie." 

As chamberlain, Hooker had official charge of the City 
Records, but before his appointment we have some earlier 
evidence as to their custody. Thus in Book 56, /. 566 (temp. 
Ed. IV), in the oath of the Common Attorney, occur these 
words : " Also all suche evydences, charters, escrypts, and 
munyments as heirafter shall come to yowr hands ye schall 
se them safely and secretly kept and to redelyver them 
agayn;" t and in Book 52, /. 5056, Dec. 11, 1510, under the 
heading " Recordes and Recorder " is the following note : 
" Everye Mayor at the ende of his yere and before the newe 
Mayor do take his othe shall cause the Recordes of the yere 
past to be brought yn to the Counsell Chamber and there to 



Vll 

remayne in the place apoynted for the safekeepinge of the 
sayde Recordes." 

Towards the end of his life, when he found himself " unweldye 
and imperfecte," and when, as he says : " My sight waxeth 
Dymme, my hyringe very thycke, my speche imperfecte and 
my memory very feeble," John Hooker summed up his work 
in connexion with the Exeter Records in a letter* which he 
wrote to the Mayor, Senators and Commonalty, in which 
the following interesting passage occurs : 

Of his duties when first appointed Chamberlain he writes : 

" I was loyned to suche persons of that house (i.e. the 
Chamber of Exeter) as were appointed to veiwe, peruse and 
examyne all the Recordes, writinges and evidences which 
were then out of order and by mann's Remembraunce not 
before Donne by any. And what was then Donne was layed 
up in the places of your thresury as was meete. But after- 
wards by Meanes and Casualties and by reason of my absentes 
in other affayres all was Confused and out of order. And then 
I was once againe fayne to Reforme and reviewe the same, 
but yet it was not so well Donne as I wyshed and ought to be. 
Nowe therefore once more and the thirde tyme 1 have perused 
and Reveiwed the same in the best order I cann and caused 
places to be appointed and presses to be made with kayes 
and lockes and with a booke wherein I have Registred every 
writinge and Rolls of all such evidences as then Remayned 
all which nowe I have Caused to be locked up in salfitie without 
farther spoyle and the keyes to Remayne in your owne 
Custodye." 

These keys, presses and boxes have all now disappeared and 
I cannot with any confidence identify the " book " to which 
Hooker here refers ;f but a few months before his death, viz., 
on Jan. 26, 1601, he handed in to the Chamber a document 
which fortunately is still preserved. J 

This he called: "A viewe and survey of all the Recordes, 
Evidences, Charters and Writinges whatsoever appertaininge to 
the Chambre and Citie of Excester," in which he refers to the 
documents as placed in 43 boxes, which appear to have been 
kept in presses which he refers to as the " great press," the 
" new press " and the " Presse behynde the dore ; " and 
though none of them have actually survived, I have found 
a few occasional references to them here and there. 

Thus in Act Book II, f. 191, Nov. 10, 1559, is a note that the 
Indentures of " prenteshod " of an apprentice were brought 
into "the Guyldhall and put into the presse in a box of 
letters." 

* See Prefatory Epistle in Book 52, published by Reynolds from MS. 3,530 
(not 3,520) in the Chapter Muniments. Hist. MSS. Various Collections 
IV, 33. Also in Harte, pp. 1-7. 



t It may perhaps be Book 56 or 57. 
j It is now filed 



at the end of Mr. S. Moore's Calendar, though it may be 
doubted if that is really the safest place if the Calendar is to be frequently 
consulted. I have printed it verbatim at the end of this Introduction. 



Vlll 

In Act Book VII, /. 1706 (Sept., 1619), a document is referred 
to as "put into Sir John Acland's Chest amongst his other 
wrytinges." 

In 1624, when John Prouse proposed to send from London 
a copy of James I's answer to the Houses of Parliament, he 
suggested that it was " worthie the keping in the Cittie's 
Chamber." L. 268. 

In 1656 the early deeds belonging to Wynard's Charity 
were kept "in a box for that purpose ordained with other 
writings and records of the City," where they " had been 
kept for many years before." Gidley, p. 14 ; Act Book X, 
/. 78. 

In Act Book X, /. 78, Oct. 14, 1656, deeds relating to Irish 
lands were "putt into the boxe;" on Jan. 5, 1669, some 
of the City Charters when returned from London were " putt 
in one of ye boxes in ye Councell Chamber," Act Book XI, 
/. 83; and when Dr. Oliver was examining the collection in 
1821 he made the following entries in his calendar : 

Aug. 28, 29, 1821. Mr. Jones and Mr. Campion employed 
in arranging and putting away the old parchments 
and Papers found in the Presses of the Receiver's Office. 
Book 60m., p. 338. 

Dec. 15, 1821. Arranging, dating, marking and putting 
away in the Press opposite the Door of the Private Hafi 
all the Books belonging to the Chamber. Ibid., p. 305. 

Hooker's example bore excellent fruit, and in the hands of 
Samuel Izacke, who was Town Clerk from 1624 to 1647, 
the documents become much more abundant, and most 
of them are carefully docketed hi the Town Clerk's own 
hand. 

On Oct. 25, 1653, his son Richard Izacke* was appointed 
Chamberlain. He indexed the first ten volumes of the 
Chamber's Act Books, and continued the docketing of the 
detached documents, and his first-hand acquaintance with 
the whole of the collection is evidenced by the frequent 
occurrence of his handwriting on the margins and faces of the 
originals, though his endorsements are not always quite accurate. 
In 1677 he published his " Remarkable Antiquities of the City 
of Exeter," in compiling which he is now generally credited 
with " unacknowledged pilfering " from Hooker's materials,! 
but in the copy of his Memorials of the City of Exeter " still 
existing in MS. among the Records (Book 53), he refers to 
" the indefatigable labours of my princifide predecessor in 
this place and office, the learned Mr. John Hooker, whose 
workes bespeake him famous within our gates." 

Richard Izacke's work was re-edited and continued by 
his son Samuel, who was the City Chamberlain from 1693 to 
1729. 

* For an account of him by the late Dr. T. N. Brushfield, see Transactions 
of Devon Association (1893), vol. xxv, pp. 449-469. 
f Freeman, 154. 



IX 

On April 22, 1755,* the Town Clerk (Benjamin Heath) 
and Surveyor were directed to put in order the Books, Deeds 
and Evidences in the Council Chamber and get the said Books 
properly titled. Mr. Heath's account for this business is 
still extant,f and in the course of it he says : " I sorted out 
and put in order the Charters, Records, Deeds and Evidences 
in the Council Chamber &c. These, which were all confused 
and mixed together, are separated and placed in distinct 
compartiments. Records of the Mayor's Court &c. were 
examined, sorted and distributed under their several heads 
into the boxes according to their respective titles. The doing 
this at two different periods took me up above 3 months." 

In Nov., 1820, Dr. George Oliver, f the historian of Exeter, 
assisted by Mr. Pitman Jones and Mr. Campion, was employed 
by the Chamber to draw up a Calendar of many of the 
documents, which were then referred to as being in Drawers 
E.F.D. &c., and the result of their labours may still be con- 
sulted in four small volumes (Books 6(H'-ra) in the Muniment 
Room of the Guildhall. For his services he received a " kind 
present " from the Mayor and Chamber, the receipt of which 
he acknowledged on July 12, 1823 (L. 608), " on my return 
from Tor Abbey yesterday." This search yielded abundant 
material for his " Monasticon Dicecesis Exoniensis," published 
in 1846, where many of the documents are referred to, several 
being printed in extenso, though unfortunately with no more 
detailed reference than : " Ex Archivis Civitatis Exonice." 

When the Archaeological Association visited Exeter in 1862 
a few of the records were examined by Mr. Thomas Wright, 
who described the collection (p. 317) as forming " a very 
valuable part of the materials of our national history." 

In the following year Mr. Stuart A. Moore was commissioned 
by the City Council to report upon the collection as a whole, 
and in the course of his investigation he discovered "an 
enormous bulk of records," hitherto unexamined. After 
some years his labours resulted in the completion of a detailed 
Calendar in three volumes, one of which contains an excellent 
index. These three volumes are now available for students 
in the Muniment Room of the Guildhall, and will always remain 
of inestimable value to researchers on the spot. The Calendar 
is still in large part in MS. only, but so much has it been 
appreciated by antiquarians and others hi the County of 
Devon that in 1890 a beginning was made with an attempt 
to print it verbatim in Vol. Ill of a local publication known as 

* Act Book xiv, /. 2196. 

t LL. 528, 529, where the Town Clerk is supposed to be Henry Lee in 
S. Moore's Calendar. But Lee was not appointed Town Clerk till June 1, 
1775, L. 588. No name actually occurs in the original document, but the 
handwriting is certainly that of Heath, as may be seen by comparing it with 
a holograph letter of his (L. 534), Nov. 3, 1757, and with the facsimile of his 
handwriting in Baron R. A. Heath's Heathiana, 1882. For Benjamin Heath's 
appointment as Town Clerk, March 23, 1752, see D. 1840o. 

I For a bibliography j of his works, see T. N. | Brushfield in Devonshire 
Association (1885), Vol. xvii, pp. 266-276. 



" Notes and Gleanings" and continued month by month till 
that periodical ceased to appear in 1893. 

In this Report I have endeavoured to deal briefly with the 
more important documents referred to in Vol. I of the Calendar 
and the Section headed " Books " in Vol. II, co-ordinating 
and regrouping them according to their subject-matter in 
order the better to present a bird's eye view of their contents, 
while retaining the numbers and headings of the Calendar 
for purposes of reference and employing the following 
abbreviations : viz., Bk. Books ; Ch. Charters ; Com. 
Commissions &c. ; D. Deeds ; Inv. Inventories, and L. 
Letters. 

I have made frequent use of the following printed books : 
(a) R. Izacke, Remarkable Antiquities of the City of Exeter, 

London, 1757. 

(6) Report of the Commissioners concerning Charities, 
published at Exeter in 1825 and reproduced verbatim 
in Endowed Charities County Borough of Exeter, 
Feb. 23, 1909. 

(c) G. Oliver, Monasticon Dicecesis Exoniensis, Exeter, 1864. 

(d) G. Oliver, History of the City of Exeter, with Appendix 
by E. Smirke. Exeter, 1861. 

(e) T. Wright, The Municipal Archives of Exeter. In 
Journal of the Archceological Association, vol. xviii, 1862. 

(/) W. Cotton, An Elizabethan Guild of the City of Exeter. 

Exeter, 1873. 

(g) W. Cotton, Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral 
Records relative to the History of the City of Exeter. 
Exeter, 1877. 

(h) J. Shittinford's Letters. Camden Society, 1871. 
(t) E. A. Freeman, Exeter In Historic Towns. London, 

1887. 

(?) C. W. Boase, Register of Exeter College. Oxford, 1894. 
(k) C. Worthy, History of the Suburbs of Exeter. Exeter, 

1896. 

(1) H. Lloyd Parry, The Exeter Civic Seals. Exeter, 1909. 
(m) H. Lloyd Parry, The Founding of Exeter School. 

Exeter, 1913. 

The room in which the muniments are now kept consists 
of the upper storey of " the house in the back court behynd 
the Guyldball," the building of which was ordered on July 12, 
1556, for "the imprysoning of such as shall be commended to 
the warde " (Act Book I, /. 9), four cells of which were completed 
in the following year. See Act Book I, /. 1536 (? date 1557). 
In the Report of the Local Records Committee (App. Ill, 
p. 35), published in 1902, the answer returned by the Exeter 
Corporation described this accommodation as " not sufficient 
for so large a collection of records," adding that " the Council 
are contemplating the erection of better premises. The roof 
of the present building is not fire-proof, but the building 
is dry and the room well-lighted and the walls are fire-proof." 
The question, however, of the safety of the muniments had 



XI 

been under consideration since 1893, when a Report was 
presented to the Council to the effect that " the real danger 
to be apprehended was from fire arising in the two adjoining 
premises, and that damage to the documents by water in 
the extinguishing of a fire was even more to be guarded against 
than damage by the fire itself," accompanied by a recom- 
mendation that the more valuable of the documents should 
be kept in iron safes. A recommendation to this effect was 
at first adopted by the Council, but was finally rescinded in 
June, 1896, and for 10 years the question appears to have 
remained in abeyance. In June, 1906, however, a Sub- 
Committee reported that " the building is lacking in all the 
main requirements of a Muniment Room," that " the danger 
from fire is a serious one," that the documents are "all stored 
in wooden cupboards," with ill-fitting doors, and that " in 
the event of a fire which might easily be communicated from 
one of the adjoining buildings it is difficult to conceive that 
any portion of the building or any substantial portion of the 
documents could be saved." Six more years have elapsed 
since that report was presented, and the descriptions and 
apprehensions recorded in it are literally applicable to-day. 
The City is justly proud of its records, the intentions of the 
Council are good and are periodically recorded, but periods of 
alarm are succeeded by periods of security. 

Just prior to my visit in 1910 the City had been stirred 
by the occurrence of a most destructive fire in broad daylight, 
and the charred remains of the disaster formed a striking 
object lesson to the crowds who daily passed the spot. Two 
months later the Council passed a resolution which would 
have provided a proper home for its records on a safer site, 
but nothing appears to have yet been done, and 1 feel bound 
here to record my conviction that this great collection, as at 
present housed, is in serious danger of destruction. 

Moreover, apart from the danger of possible fire, the present 
room is dark, crowded and generally unsuitable for students, 
though owing to the enthusiasm of the Town Clerk as the 
custodian of the records, a far wider interest is being aroused in 
the contents of the documents, and far greater opportunities 
than ever before are now afforded to students who desire 
to consult them. 

For myself I have the very greatest pleasure in recording 
here my warmest thanks to the City Council for the facilities 
afforded me during my personal visit, and subsequently through 
the Town Clerk, Mr. H. Lloyd Parry, and other members of 
his department, amongst whom I should like specially to 
acknowledge the great assistance that I received from Mr. W. 
A. Gay, whose intimate 'acquaintance with the records was 
most readily placed at my disposal during my very pleasant 
and profitable visit. 

J. H. WYLIE. 

April, 1912. 



Xll 

HOOKER'S LIST OF THE RECORDS. 
[See Introduction, p. vi.] 

The veiwe and survey of all the Recordes, Evidences, 
Charters and writinges whatsoever appertaininge to the 
Chambre and Citie of Excester collected by John Hooker, 
Chamberlaine of the sayed Citie as followethe. 

Januarij 1600. 

The Recordes. 

In the Raigne of Kinge Edwarde the first containeth xxxvth 

Rolles wherof their lacketh iiij Rolles viz. the xv the 

xvij the xx and the xxij yeres of his Raigne. 
In the Raigne of Edward the Seconde contayneth xix Rolles 

wherof lacketh iij Rolles viz. the xv the xvij and the 

xviij yeres. 
In the Raigne of Edward the thirde contayneth Ij Rolles 

wherof their lacketh iij Rolles viz. xlix and 1 and Ij Rolle. 
In the Raigne of Richard the Second contayneth xxiijth 

Rolles whereof wanteth none. 
In the Raigne of Henry the iiij contayneth xiiij Rolles wherof 

lacketh viz. the v and vj Rolles. 
In the Raigne of Henry the v. contayneth x Rolles wherof 

lacketh the iij and the vj Rolles. 
In the Raigne of Henry the vj contayneth xxxix Rolles 

wherof wanteth ij Rolles viz. the xxij and xxxj yere. 
In the Raigne of Henry the vij contayneth xxiij Rolles 

wherof lacketh iij Rolles viz. the xxj the xxij and the 

xxiij yeres. 
In the Raigne of Edward the iiij contayneth xxiij Rolles 

wherof wanteth one Rolle viz. the v. yere. 
In the Raigne of Richard the iij containeth iij Rolles wherof 

lacketh the last yere. 
In the Raigne of Edward the vj contayneth vij Rolles 

wherof lacketh the iij and iiij yere. 
In the Raigne of Queene Mary contayneth vj Rolles wherof 

lacketh one Rolle. 
In the Raigne of Henry the viij contayneth xxxviij Rolles 

wherof wanteth iij viz. the xviij the xxix and xxx. 
In the Raigne of Queene Elizabeth containeth xlij Rolles 

wherof lacketh iij viz. the ij the xxviij and the xxxvij. 

Recordes and Writinges of the Evidences. 

1. In the first box the evidences of Pratished. Item a Role 
of St. SydwelTs 

2. In the ij box the Charters of J3t. Peters churche and of 
St. Sydwells. The Rentall booke of the Bishop. The 
Robbinge of the Exchequer. Bishop Brentinghams 
Inventory. The Survey of St. Sydwells. The orders 
of the parliament. The Controversies betweene the Citie 
and the Taylors. The Corporations of the Citie. The 
quo warranto of the Citie of Exceter. 



Xlll 

3. In the iij box the evidences of the Magdalen. 

4. In the iiij box the evidences of St. Johns. 

5. In the v box the evidences of St. Nicholas. 

6. In the vj box the evidences of St. Johns Langbrooke 
Streete and Parristreete. 

7. In the vij box of the matters between the Bishopp, Deane 
and Chapter and the Citie. 

8. In the viij box St. Mary the Mores parishe. The Trinity 
parishe for Chidleighs Land Mathewe Hulls Land lease of 
Southenhaye m'res Tuckefeildes Land purchased of 
Mr. Fulford and geven unto Exebridge. 

9. In the ix box St. Mary Arches St. Johns Bowe for 
Landes late in the tenure of Robert Chafe. The Landes 
St. Mary Arches Churche. 

10. In the x box St. Mary Stepps for the Landes aboute 
Westgate St. Laurence for the Landes of the Pippes 
without Eastgate. Sir Robert Denys his lease for the 
Gaole for Wilford Land without Westgate. The tenements 
within Westgate also Thomas Greenenowes Landes. 

11. In the xj box St. Petrocks parishe for the house neere 
to the greate coundicte St. Martyns Land St. Poles 
Alhallowes in Goldsmith Street for Hubert Collwells Land. 

12. In the xij box for Freerenhaye and the composition 
for St. Nicholas. 

13. In the xiij box Tenne Sells the evidences for Grindons 
Almeshouse for Palmers Almeshouses for Newton Bushell 
Betty es Annuitie for the Shroudes m'res Bucken- 
hams will Alic Heathe for Grindons Almeshouses 
Sir William Herne for Horsseys Land for Mr. Hursts 
feofement for the Almeshouses John Davys Almeshouses 
Mr. Haydons conveaunce. 

14. In the xiiij box St. Georges for the Shambles for Gayles 
house for the tenement one the one syde of St. Kirians 
Churche. 

15. In the xv box Exebridge Accompts Ric. the iij, H. the 
vij, H. the viij, Edwarde the vj, Phillip and Marye, and 
Elizabeth. 

16. In the xvj box all the charters of Excester. 

17. In the xvij box all the writinges for Exbridge. 

i. In the box of Accompts of St. Nicholas Exiland Magdalen 
the Poore and Awlscombe. 

ij. In the box for the Haven the weare mills and the con- 
veaunce of the water course. 

iij. In the box of Attwills evidences and conveaunce of 
the same to the Citie. 

iiij. In the box the Duke of Somersetts Pattent for Exe 
Mr, Carewes and Mr. Ameredeth obligacon for St. Johns. 

v. In the box Exebridge Accompts Ed. iij, Ric. the ij, H. iiij, 
Henry v, H. vj, Ed. the iiij, and Richard iij. 

vj. In the box the controversies between the Bishop, Deane 
and Chapter and the Citie. 

vij. In the box of the purchase of St. Nicholas and Johns, 



XIV 

viij. In the box of Duryherd Court Holies. 

ix. In the box the Accompts of Duryherd for H. viij, Ed. vj, 

Phillip and Mary, and Queene Elizabeth. 
x. In the box the Evidences of the Manner of Duryherd. 
xj. In the box the Accompts of Exon E. j, Ed. ij, H. 4, H. 5, 
xij. In the box the Accompts of Duryherd E. iij, Ric. ij. 

H. 4, H. 6, H. 6, Ed. 4, Ric. iij, H. 7. 
xiij. In the box of Awlscombe. 
xiiij. In the box of Pratished Toppesham Exmouth Exilond 

and the Fishinge of the Haven. 

xv. In the box the Accomptes of Exon H. 6 Ed. 4, Ric. iij, 
H. 7. 

xv j. In the box the Magdalen Landes. 

xvij. In the box of Exon Accompte in H. viij, Ed. 6, Marye, 

and Queene Elizabeth. In this lacketh x Holies of 

Queene Elizabeths tyme. 

In the newe Presse. 

B. In the box bills and obligacions. 

C. In the box Obligacions and Moone's Convenaunce. 

E. In the box Widow Seldons conveaunce a commission for 
Gaole Delyvery A Commission for lyvetenauncy Margery 
Hams Lease for the Tookinge Mills The Plotte of 
Duryherd Indentures for weights. 

F. In the box Wonards will the deane and chapters lease 
for newe Line and at the Broadegate. 

G. In the box Indentures for Exebridge the Magdalen and 
Awlscombe. 

I. In the box voyed and olde writinge. 

K. In the box Indentures for the Citie and all the Almes- 

houses. 

L. In the box Indentures for Duryherd and St. Nicholas. 
The Presse byhinde the dore without lock and keye therin 

all the Recordes of the Towne Custome and certaine 

olde Indentures. All the Inventoryes and bookes of the 

Orphanes. 



A note of all suche munyments bookes escriptes and writings as 
were brought in and delyvered into the Councell Chambre of 
Excester by Jo. Hooker chamberlaine the xxvj daye of Januarij 
1600. 

1. The Charters of London and the Skavage their. 

2. The Charters of Tottnes. 

3. The Chartor of Tawnedowne. 

4. The Chartor of Syon. [See p. 33.] 

5. The Chartor of the Abbey of Battell and Fee of 
St. Nicholas. 

6. Seven Sondry Charters of the Citie of Excester. 

7. The Chartor of Exilond and the Fishinge of the Ryver 
of Exe. [See p. 5.] 

8. The Charter of Kedwelly. 



XV 

9. The Charter of Mellcome, and of Padestowe. 

10. The Charter of the Duchie of Cornewall. 

11. The Charter of the Orphanes. 

12. The orders of the parliament. 

13. The Charter of Domesedaye. 

14. A clayme of the Citie for their liberties in Excester. 

15. An Acte for pavinge of Streetes. 

16. The names of all the Free holders in Exon. 

17. The order of the Orphanes of Bristowe and of Worcester. 

18. Recordes of the Citie. 

19. The bookes of the Churche plat and utensyles. 

20. A bundell of proclamations. 

21. A bundell of Charters of the Corporations. 

22. The ordynance of the Citie. 

23. The Charter of St. Peters. 

24. The Bobbinge of the Exchequer. 

25. The limetting. of St. Sydwells Fee. 

26. The Awdyte Role of the Bshops Revenewes. 

27. Bishop Brentinghams Inventories. 

28. The Survey of St. Sydwells Fee. 

29. The Accompts of the Rye solde at St. Johns. 

30. The Accomptes of the Salmons solde. [See Book 231.] 

31. The Roles and bookes of the Erles of Devon concerninge 
his first restitucion. The assurance of the Lady Kathren 
his wifes Joynter. The ofice of his Landes and Rentes 
the attenture of the Marckquis of Exceter. The 
restitucion of his sonne Edwarde to the Erledome &c. 

32. The Cronicles of St. Peters both in latine and Englishe. 

33. The Accomptes of the Citie for Sondry yeres. 

34. The bookes of Exilond. [See Book 186.] 

35. The Towne Custome bookes. 

36. The bookes of the orders of London. 

37. The acquitance of the Subsidie the x and xv. 

38. A presentment taken at Topesham and the Accomptes 
of the same. 

39. The examinacions between the Merchauntes and the 
Citie. [See Book 185.] 

40. The severall Accomptes of the Rye solde at St. Johns. 

41. The Rentall of the Almeshouses. 

42. The Inquisitions and Examinacions of the Coroner for 
thedeathesof certainemen and other thinges appertaininge 
to his office. [See p. 57.] 

43. The question of the liberties of Excester with a paper 
unto the same. 

44. A Collection of all the Recordes of the Citie of Excester. 

45. Certaine p'rented bookes for the Statuete of gavell kinde. 

In the Second boxe in the greatt presse. 

1. Inprimis the copies of auncyent charters granted to 
the Bisshoppe of Exeter containing xxx 11 . leaffes of paper. 

2. The copie of an acte of parlyament for boundyng of 
St. Sydwells Fee. 



XVI 

3. Itm. An Ancyent Accompte of the revenues of the 
Bisshoppricke of Exon in Anno Dni. 1300. 

4. Itm. A paper booke and thereyn divers examynacyons 
and the manner of the robbyng of St. Peters Churche in 
Anno ix no Dne. Elizabeth Rne. 

5. Itm. viij leaffes of paper whereyn are wrytten the 
sayenge of divers auncyent men touchyng the boundes 
of St. Peters Churche yarde. 

6. Itm. Sixe leafes of paper whereyn is wrytten the survey 
of St. Sidwells Fee. 

7. Itm. Accompte of the temporaries of the Bisshoppricke 
of Exon made in aim xvij H. viij [1526]. 

8. Itm. the copie of an acte of parliament for pavyng of 
the Cittie of Exeter. 

9. Itm. A paper cont. the Articles of the Charter of xxix 
H. viij vl tochynge the Countie &c. [See Charter XXXIII, 
p. 6.] 

10. Itm. A paper booke cont. the names of all the free- 
holders in Exeter. 

11. Itm. A copie of a quo warranto in Anno quarto E. tercij. 
[1330-31.] 

12. Itm. A rolle of paper whereyn are written divers Acts 
and Ordynnances made by the Maior and Comon Councell 
of this Cittie for the better government thereof. 

13. The copie of the Corporacyon of Merchaunts in Englyshe. 
[See Book 185.] 

14. The objections agaynst the Merchants Corporacyon. 

15. The Supplicacyon of the Merchaunts. 

16. A Byll of Articles against the Tayllors. 

17. The Articles of the Merchaunts Charter. 

18. Examynacyons taken before the Maior and Justice 
consernynge the Tayllors. 

19. The first inconporacyon of the Merchaunts. 

20. Mr. Hookers accompte in a journey to London. 

21. A note of offers made unto the Tayllors by the 
Merchantes. 

22. The Surmyses of the Tayllors agaynst the Merchaunts. 

23. The oracyon of Mr. Hooker made to the Comons in 
Anno 1569=1560. [See p. 40.] 

24. Itm. A Supplicacyon an aunswer and a replicacyon 
betwene the Merchaunts and Tayllors. 

25. Itm. divers bookes papers and letters wrytten by 
Mr. Hooker toochynge the order of the parlyament. 

The copies of the corporacyons of Smythes Skynners Coopers 
and Hellyers Butchers Bruers Tayllors Cappers and 
Haberdasshers and of Weavers and Tuckers. [See p. 64.] 

Itm. A copie of the Charter of Sion.* 

* See p. 33. For the manor of Budley Sion, part of the royal manor of 
East Budleigh, see Lysons, p. 86 ; Brushfield, East Budleigh, p. 19, in 
Transactions of Devonshire Association, July 1890, 



REPORT 

ON THE 

KECORDS OF THE CITY OF EXETEE. 



PART I. 

1. ROYAL CHARTERS AND LETTERS PATENT. 

Forty-eight documents (Nos. I-XLVIII). Copies of several 
of them are also to be found in other sections of this collection. 
e.g. Book 56. 

The earlier among them are addressed to " The Burgesses 
(or the Citizens) of Exeter." The " Mayor " first appears in 
No. XII, Nov. 7, 1259, subsequent documents being usually 
though not uniformly addressed to " The Mayor, Bailiffs 
and Commonalty of Exeter." 

These documents (all original) are kept in cardboard boxes 
in the Muniment Room. They are unbound and in an excellent 
state of preservation. Abstracts of all of them (except six) 
will be found in Oliver's History of Exeter (edition 1861), 
Appendix, pp. 278-304. These abstracts appear not to have 
been taken from the originals, but from " a MS. volume of 
Charters in the Office of the Town Clerk " (Oliver, p. 278). 
The volume referred to is not noticed in Mr. Stuart Moore's 
Calendar and seems to have been missing at the time of 
his visit. It has recently, however, been discovered and 
is now available for reference. It contains copies of most 
of the Charters written in a late 16th century hand, together 
with copies of some other documents, the originals of which 
are not now to be found in the Muniment Room, e.g. No. 19 
(/. 225), July 24, 1337, i.e., a writ to the Mayor &c., notifying 
them to pay the fee farm rent of Exeter (201. p. a.) to Edward 
Duke of Cornwall,* instead of to the King [see Oliver, p. 283, 
No. 21, and Transcripts, ad finem]. 

The document (No. I) in Oliver, p. 279, from Book of 
Transcripts, cannot now be found. It is dated at London 
[s.a.], and in it Henry II grants to the citizens of Exeter 
" omnes rectas consuetudines quas habuerunt in tempore 

* i.e. The Black Prince, to whom the grant had been made on March 17, 
1337. See Transcripts, No. 2024, 2025; Charter Roll, 11 Edward III, 
No. 60, in Report on the Dignity of a Peer, v. 36. For a writ to the Mayor 
Ac., dated Oct. 10, 1337, showing that the payments began on Sept. 28, 
1337, see Gal. Close Rolls, Edward III (1337-1339), p. 198. 

Wt. 20757. Ex. 1 



Regis Henrici, avi mei, remotis omnibus pravis consuetu- 
dinibus post avum meum ibi elevatis. Et sciatis eos habere 
consuetudines London' ita libere, honorifice et juste sicut 
unquam melius habuerunt tempore avi mei. Teste Am. Ep. 
Lexov., Reg. Com. Cornub., et Toma Cancell," who are also 
witnesses to the three writs that follow, i.e. Nos. I, II, III in 
Stuart Moore's Calendar. 

Several of these charters were sent to London under the 
charge of Richard Izacke in 1666 and duly returned, see Act 
Book, XI, /. 44, where the documents so forwarded and returned 
are specified. Duplicates of several of them will be found 
among the Transcripts. 

The following is an epitome of the contents of the collection 
in the order in which they appear in Stuart Moore's Calendar. 

I, II, III. Three writs, temp. Henry II, declaring the 
citizens of Exeter and their merchandize to be free from 
toll, lastage, passage and all other custom. [Printed in Oliver, 
p. 279, from Book of Transcripts, Nos. 38, 39, 40, ff. 273, 
274, 275. See also Transcripts, 2004. Summarized in 
Freeman, p. 56.] 

IV, V, VI. Rouen, March 24, 1190. Richard I grants to 
the Burgesses of Exeter that they shall be quit of toll, passage 
and pontage on land and on water in fairs and markets and of 
all secular service, citra et ultra mare. See also Transcript 2005 
[with abstract in Oliver, p. 280], where it is wrongly dated 
March 29. 

VII. Sept. 18, s.a. Richard I declares that the citizens 
of Exeter and their merchandize are free of toll, passage, 
lastage and all other customs. See also Transcripts, 2005. 
[Abstract in Oliver, p. 280.] 

VIII. Craneburne, s.a. John Earl of Mortain (after- 
wards King John) grants to the citizens of Exeter all right 
customs which they had in the time of King Henry I, and 
states that they have the customs of the men of London. 

IX. Saumur, June 15, 1200. King John repeats previous 
grant (No. VIII) and confirms grant of Richard I (No. VII). 
[Abstract in Oliver, 280.] 

X. Westminster, March 24, 1237. Henry III confirms 
No. IX and the grants of Henry II, Richard I and John 
mentioned therein. See Miscell. Rolls, 81 ; Transcripts, 
No. 2005. [Abstract in Oliver, p. 280.] 

XI. Mere, May 25, 1259. Richard King of the Romans,* 
grants to the citizens that they and their heirs shall hold 

* To whom the city and castle had been granted in 



the city of Exeter in fee-farm for ever, rendering the accustomed 
fee-farm. [Abstract in Oliver, p. 280.] 

XII. London, Nov. 7, 1259. Richard King of the Romans 
grants to the Mayor, bailiffs and citizens as in No. XI, 
specifying the fee-farm at 13Z. 9s. yearly. See Misc. Rolls, 81. 
[Abstract in Oliver, p. 280.] 

XIII. Westminster, Nov. 6, 1259. Henry III confirms 
No. XII. [Abstract in Oliver, p. 281.] 

XIV. Berkhampstead, June 18, 1286. Edmund son of 
Richard King of Aleman', Earl of Cornwall, confirms No. XII. 
[Oliver, p. 281.] 

XV. Berkhamstead, June 17, 1286. Edmund Earl of 
Cornwall remits rancorem animi et indignationem which he 
had conceived against the Mayor and citizens for certain 
trespasses committed before the Sunday next after the Octave 
of Trinity last past and at the instance of the noble ladies 
the daughters of King Edward I, respites 50 marks out of a 
sum of 250 marks which the citizens owe to him by their 
bond. [Abstract in Oliver, p. 282.] 

XVI. Crake (i.e. Craike Yorks), Aug. 22, 1292. 
Edward I commits to the Mayor the custody of Sigillum ad 
recognitions debitorum mercatorum in the city of Exeter. 
See also Transcripts, No. 2005. [See Oliver, p. 282 ; Col. 
Pat. Rolls (1281-1292), p. 520; Lloyd Parry, Seals, 11.] 

XVII. Easton, near Stamford, May 4, 1300. Edward I 
confirms No. X and further grants that the citizens shall be 
free of murage and pavage. See also Transcripts, 2015, 2016. 
[See Oliver, p. 282 ; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 28 Edward I, p. 512.] 

XVIII. Westminster, Nov. 12, 1320. Edward II confirms 
No. XVII and further grants that all pleas concerning lands, 
tenements, trespasses, contracts &c., arising in the city or its 
suburbs shall be pleaded before the Mayor and Bailiffs ; that 
the citizens shall not be put on juries, assizes &c. with foreigners, 
nor foreigners with them, and that they shall be free from 
murage, pavage, pickage, anchorage, strandage and segeage 
(or groundage). [See Misc. Rolls, 9; Transcripts, No. 2019; 
Oliver, p. 282.] 

XIX. Eltham, March 1, 1329. Edward III confirms 
Nos. XIII and XVIII. [See also Transcripts, No. 2022 ; 
Oliver, p. 282. For text see Reichel, pp. 41-55.] 

XX. Eltham, Feb. 6, 1332. Edward III recites No. XII 
and regrants the city to the citizens and their heirs and 



successors for ever, rendering 20Z. yearly and bearing all 
burdens hitherto incumbent on the said fee farm. [Oliver, 
p. 282.] 

XXI. Feb. 3, 1365. Exemplification of a certificate from 
the Court of Exchequer of the entry in Domesday Book* 
relating to Exeter. Also a certified extract from the Placita 
CoroncB taken before Justices in Eyre at Exeter in 1281, finding 
the fee farm to be 39Z. 185., whereof 121. 12s. 5d. was paid to 
the Trinity Priory in London and the rest to the Earl of 
Cornwall. Also in Transcripts, No. 2629. [See text in Izacke, 
56 ; full abstract in Oliver, p. 284.] 

XXII. Westminster, Dec. 5, 1378. Richard II confirms 
No. XIX. [See Oliver, p. 284.] This confirmation was 
granted because according to an order of Parliament the 
citizens made a balinger for the King's navy, as witnessed 
by Thomas [Brantingham] Bishop of Exeter before the 
King's Council. See Gal. Pat. Richard II, i., 292 ; see also 
the Register of St. John's Hospital, /. 636. 

XXIII. Duplicate of No. XXII. 

XXIV. Dec. 1, 1412. Letters Patent of Henry IV, exem- 
plifying the record of a proceeding in the Exchequer of 
21 Edward III (1347-8) touching the fairs of Exeter &c. 
[Oliver, p. 284.] 

XXV. Nov. 5, 1423. Exemplification of Letters Patent of 
14 Dec., 1414, [see Cal. Pat. Henry V., i., 283], confirming 
No. XXII. 

XXVI. Exemplification of a certificate of the Court of 
Exchequer stating that they find nothing in Domesday Book 
relating to the manor and fee of St. Sidwell. 11 Dec., 1429, 
i.e. 8 Henry VI [not 8 Henry IV (i.e. 1406) as Oliver, p. 284, 
the entry from which it is copied being No. 13 in the MS. 
Book, /. 200]. 

XXVII. July 14, 1438. Inspeximus and confirmation by 
Henry VI reciting Letters Patent of 14 Dec., 1414. [See No. 
XXV.] [Oliver, p. 284.] 

XXVIII. Edward IV grants to the Mayor &c. bona et 
catalla vocat' manuopera, catalla felonum, fugitivorum 
utlegatorum necnon qualitercunque damnatorum seu con- 
victorum, &c., also to hold feriam sive nundinas for two 

* In Book 61, /. 53b, the entry is given thus : In libro de Domesdaye inter 
terras Regis in Com' Devon contint' (sic). In Civitate Exon habet Rex ccc. 
domos xv minus reddentes &c. _ In hac civitate sunt vastate xlviij demus 
pestquam Rex venit in Anglia. Hec civitas T.R.E. (i.e. tempore regis 
Edwardi) non geldabit nisi quando Londonia et Eboracum et Wynton 
geldabunt &c., as in Domesday Book, i, 100 ; do. Facsimile, Devonshire, p. 1 ; 
Freeman, Norman Conquest, iv., 162, 



days on the Eve of St. Mary Magdalen. Westminster, July 1, 
1463 ; not July 21st, as Izacke, 86. See Transcripts, No. 2042 ; 
Oliver, p. 285 ; Col. Pat. 3 Ed. IV, p. 275. 

XXIX. Westminster, Oct. 12, I486. Henry VII confirms 
Nos. XXVII and XXVIII. [See Oliver, p. 285.] 

XXX. Greenwich, July 10, 1509. Writ of Privy Seal 
directing the mode of electing the Mayor, Bailiffs, Sergeants 
and other officers of the city every year. [Attached to the 
writ is a slip of parchment bearing the names of the Mayor 
and 23 of the Common Council. Similarly in Book 51, /. Ill, 
with the names of 22 of the Council, besides the Mayor, and 
in Book 53, /. 82 (24 names in all), in both of which it is dated 
July 10, 1509. The full text in English is printed in Izacke, 99, 
where it is wrongly dated 1498 ; see also Oliver, p. 285.] 

XXXI. Feb. 26, 1510. Henry VIII confirms No. XXIX. 
[See Oliver, p. 285.] 

^XXXII. Westminster, Feb. 16, 1535. Henry VIII grants 
that the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen shall be Justices of the 
Peace within the city and the liberties thereof. [See Oliver, 
p. 285.] 

XXXIII. Westminster, Aug. 23, 1537. Henry VIII 
confirms all previous charters and makes the City of Exeter a 
county per se, re et nomine. Also in Transcripts, No. 2045, 
2046. [See Oliver, p. 286 ; for a draft proposal for this 
dated 28 Henry VIII, see D. 1430 b .] 

XXXIV. Westminster, Feb. 24, 1549. Edward VI 
confirms Nos. XXXI and XXXIII. [Full text printed in 
Reynolds, p. 3a ; also in Book 51, /. 114 ; Book 52, /. 143 ; see 
also Oliver, p. 286.] 

XXXV. March 18, 1540. Exemplification of a writ 
of certiorari to John Mason, clerk of the Parliament, for a 
copy of an Act of Parliament determining the bounds of the 
county of the city of Exeter passed in the Parliament begun 
Nov. 4, 1547, and continued by prorogation till March 14, 
1548,* with rent roll (uncalendered), March 18, 1549. The 
text appears also in Book 51, ff. 123-5, where the date of 
the closing of the Parliament is wrongly given as March 24, 
instead of 14th as in the original document. See also Book 
52, /. 62 b ; Jenkins, pp. 441-444 ; Reynolds, p. 3 ; Transcripts, 
No. 2053. 

XXXVI. Westminster, Dec. 22, 1550. Edward VI grants 
the manor of Exe Island in reward to the citizens for their loyalty 

* The Bill passed the Commons Feb. 15, 1548 (Commons Journal, i, 18), 
and was read in the House of Lords Feb. 16, 1548 (Lords Journal, i, 342). 



6 

in defending the city against the rebels. Also in Transcripts, 
Nos. 2054, 2055, 2056. [See Oliver, p. 286.] 

XXXVII. Westminster, Feb. 21, 1561. Queen Elizabeth 
grants that the city shall have the custody of the lands and 
goods of orphans.* [See Oliver, p. 287.] 

XXXVIII. Westminster, Nov. 8, 1562. Queen Elizabeth 
grants to the Mayor &c. the appointment of the 12 poor men 
in Bonevile's Almshouses in the Combe Rewe,f and of the 
four poor men of the foundation of the late Prior and Convent 
of the late Hospital of Saint John the Baptist within the 
Eastgate. [Printed in Izacke, 130. See also Transcripts, 
No. 2057 ; Oliver, p. 287.] In D 1527 a (Nov., 1562) is a 
copy of a petition from the Mayor &c. praying for the issue 
of the Letters Patent concerning Bonville's Almshouses, 
with a copy of this Charter. There is another copy in Book 51, 
/. 140b, where it is " for the apoyntinge and nomynatynge 
of the poore yn the hospital in the Comeroye, called " in 
Rocke Lane " in the Table of Contents. Also in Book 52, /. 
276b, where " and of the pensioners of the Hospital of St. John " 
has been added in a later hand. Both of these entries have also 
a memorandum as to Bonville's Almshouses. There is also 
a copy of the Charter in Book 56. 

XXXIX. Exemplification of a writ of certiorari to Francis 
Spelman, clerk of the Parliaments, and an Act of the Parliament 
held Jan. 12, 1563, confirming No. XXXVII. Also a Rent 
Roll, 3 May, 1563. [See Oliver, p. 287.] 

XL. Aug. 6, 1564. Ratification by William Hervye, 
Esquire, Clarencieux King-of-Arms, of the arms of the City of 
Exeter, with the addition of a crest and supporters, but no 
mention of any motto. 

XLI. June 2, 1572. Confirmation by Queen Elizabeth 
of the following documents : (a) Deed of purchase, July 16, 
1547, of the manors of Plympton and Exminster and other 
possessions between Edward VI and Edward [Seymour] 
Duke of Somerset. J See also Transcripts, No. 2063. 
(6) Extract from a writ of Privy Seal (July 22, 1547) granting 
the manor of Topsham to the Duke of Somerset, (c) Exem- 
plification (May 16, 1572) of an Act of the Parliament [that 

* The full text of Charter XXXVII, known as the Charter of the Orphans 
[Book 61, /. 129b; Book 52, /. 176b ; Book 56; Hooker's List, No. 11] 
was printed by Hooker in 1575. See his " Orders Enacted for Orphans," 
pp. 23-31, together with Inspeximus and Confirmation, May 3, 1563. Ibid, 
p. 32. 

t Called " Combe Stret " in D. 837a ; " Combe Strete" or " La Cumbe," 
Coll. Top., i, 376. See St. Nicholas Priory. For "Com roye " in 
Broad Clyst, see L. 379. 

t From Pat. 1 Edward VI, pt. 6, mm. 20, 21 ; J. B. Rowe, Hint, of Plympton, 
p. 23. 



met by prorogation] on Nov. 4, 1549, reciting the attainder, 
submission and restitution of the Duke of Somerset* and 
assuring all his lands and possessions to him and his heirs. 
[See Transcripts, No. 2063.] 

XLIL June 22, 1575. Exemplification of a record of a 
proceeding in the Queen's Bench of Easter, 1575, in which 
the Mayor &c. claim cognizance of the plea setting forth their 
Charter No. XVIII, which is recited in full and allowed. 

XLIII. June 27, 1610. Exemplification of a decree of the 
Exchequer of Hillary Term, 1610, reciting No. XXIII. For 
a draft proposal for this see Deeds, No. 1430b. 

XLIV. Feb. 16, 1611. Exemplification of an Act passed 
in the Parliament [that met by prorogation on Feb. 9, 1610, 
Stat. iv., 1153] entitled : "An Acte for the contynuance and 
reparacion of a newe builte weare upon the River of Exe " 
[i.e. Stat. 7 Jac. I., printed in Stat. iv., 1173.] It refers to 
the destruction of the old wear called Callibere Wearef " about 
the feast of the birth of our Lord God last was 2 years," i.e. 
Christmas, 1608. See also Transcripts, No. 2075. For a 
memorandum concerning this event see L. 155, which shows 
that it happened on Sunday, Jan. 17, 1607 (i.e. 1608) 
" by reason of an extreame frost w ch . contynuued betwene 
5 or 7 weekes," when " there came downe the river of Ex 
such heugs stacks of Isse w**. had rested uppon our ware." 

XLV. Westminster, Dec. 17, 1627. Charles I grants a 
charter to the city. For abstract see Oliver, p. 287. For 
extracts see Lloyd Parry, pp. 11-14, with full Latin text in 
Oliver, pp. 289-304, and English translation in Jenkins, 
pp. 137-155. 

XL VI. Oct. 22, 1684. Charles II grants a charter of similar 
import to No. XLV [which had been surrendered]. For an 
abstract see Transcripts, Nos. 2045, 2046. 

XL VII. June 28, 1721. Exemplification of verdict in a 
suit for Town Customs, Exeter v. Bond. 

XL VIII. April 25, 1770. George III grants a charter for 
regulating the manner of holding the Session of the Peace in 
the City. Recites Nos. XXXIII and XLV. [Abstract in 
Oliver, p. 288.] 

The three following sections, viz. (II) Commissions, Pardons 
&c., (Ill) Royal Letters and Warrants, and (IV) Letters and 
other Papers, appear to contain the most valuable material 

* For his pardon, Feb. 16, 1550, see Bymer, VI, iii, 179. 
f i.e. Calabeer Wear rebuilt in 1571, Act Book, iii, /. 3 ; Izacke, 133 ; 
Jenkins, 124. 



8 

of the whole collection from the point of view of the historical 
student. They form a sort of running accompaniment to 
the general history of the country from the middle of the 
14th century onwards. The distinction between the three 
sections, however, is somewhat arbitrary and several items 
that are really closely connected together are thereby separated 
and classified apart. In order to obtain a survey of the 
contents of this portion of the collection the more rational 
method would appear to be to disregard to some extent the 
grouping of the Calendar, even at the cost of losing the 
continuity of the running numbers, while preserving the main 
stream of the chronology throughout. 

2. COMMISSIONS, PARDONS &c. 74 Documents numbered 
XLIX to CXIX. 

XLIX. Aug. 20, 1344. Edward III commissions the 
Mayor and Bailiffs of Exeter to enforce the Statutes of 
Winchester and Northampton for the keeping of the peace, 
reciting that there are many robberies and breaches of the peace 
in the city and suburbs. See also Transcripts, No. 2027. 
[For abstracts see Oliver, p. 283 ; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 18 Edward III, 
p. 403.] 

L. Reading, March 25, 1347. Writ of Edward III to the 
Bailiffs, probi homines and Commonalty of the City of Exeter 
and the towns of Topsham and Kenton, reciting an order of 
the Council at Westminster that 120 large ships each manned 
with 60 mariners and 20 archers were to accompany the 
King to Calais, 60 of which were to be raised by John de 
Mountgomery, Admiral of the West.* The ships are to be 
at Sandwich by Easter Monday next, and three of them are to 
be supplied by Exeter, Topsham and Kenton. [See Oliver, 
p. 283; Rym. Ill, i., 112; Cal Rot. Pat., 21 Edward III, 
p. 264.] 

LI. Feb. 12, 1366. Writ of Edward III to John Montague, 
William de Wychingham and others, commanding them not 
to enquire into a sedition said to have arisen in Exeter, as the 
King has been informed that the report is unfounded. [See 
Izacke, p. 68.] 

LII. June 23, 1381. A proclamation to repress possible 
disorder consequent on the rising of Wat Tiler is similar to 
those addressed to the Mayor of York and other towns. See 
Rym., iii, 123; Cal. Pat. 5 Richard II, p. 69. See also 
Transcripts, No. 2030. 

LIII. Jan. 25, 1401. Pardon for all offences committed 
prior to Dec. 8, 1400. 

* Who was appointed on March 16, 1347. Cal. Close Rolls, 21 Edward III, 
p. 245. 



9 

LIV. March 27, 1437. Pardon to Mayor, Bailiffs and Com- 
monalty of Exeter for offences against the Statute of Liveries 
and other offences committed prior to Sept. 2, 1431. See 
also Transcripts, No. 2033. 

LV. July 6, 1446. Do. for all trespasses to April 9, 1446. 
Also in Transcripts, No. 2034. 

LVL July 6, 1509. Do., do., prior to April 23, 1509 [i.e. the 
date of the accession of Henry VIII]. 

LVIL May 9, 1522. Writ to the Mayor of Exeter to let 
no " Britons or other the Frenche King's subjettes " leave 
the country with their goods or writings. 

LVIII. Feb. 18, 1523. Commission of array in consequence 
of declaration of war by Francis I against the Emperor 
Charles V and the King of England. 

LIX. Nov. 2, 1523. Commission to collect subsidy 
[granted in Parliament, April 15 to July 31, 1523 ; Rot. Parl. vii, 
pp. Ixxvi-xc ; Stat. iii, 230-241] reciting that the Duke of 
Bourbon and many captains of France " taking our partie " 
are pursuing the French King. [For similar commissions see 
Letters and Papers, Henry VIII, iii (2), p. 1456.] 

LX. Jan. 12, 1537. Order for proclamation regulating 
the price of Gascon and French wines in accordance with 
Stat. 23 Henry VIII, c. 7 [Stat. iii, 374, 422]. For a similar 
order to the authorities at Colchester, Dec. 1, 1537, see 
Letters and Papers, Henry VIII, xii (2), p. 411. 

LXA. June 4, 1558. Commission to enquire as to mis- 
demeanors of French denizens, reciting Stat. 4, 5 Philip and 
Mary [Stat. iv, p. 326]. 

LXI. Feb. 23, 1569. Appointment of Commissioners to 
make search in Exeter for " such as use unlawful games " 
and to see that all persons keep bows and arrows in their 
houses for themselves and their servants in accordance with 
Stat. 33 Henry VIII, c. 9 [Stat. iii, 833 ; see also Transcripts, 
No. 2060 ; Act Book, No. 3, p. 39].* 

In D. 1517 is a bond in 5 marks given to the Mayor by 
John Souther of Exeter, glover on May 21, 1560, from hence- 
forth " not to playe or use at any unlawfull game prohibited 
by law." 



* This subject was set down for the consideration of Justices of Assize 
in Nov. 1566, and again for Commissioners for Musters on June 19, 1669. 
Col. State Papers, Dom., Addenda, pp. 20, 80, and instructions were prepared 
for enforcing it in Aug., 1571. Cal. Dom., 1547-1580, p. 421. 



10 

Subsidies. 

LXII. July 4, 1571. Commission to levy a subsidy granted 
in the Parliament that met April 2, 1571. [Stat. iv, 562-581 ; 
13 Elizabeth, c. 26, 27.] See also Transcripts, No. 2062. For 
similar commissions July 27, 1590, in regard to subsidy granted 
in 1588-9, see No. LXV ; also No. LXXIII, July 30, 1607 
[granted in Parliament which ended on July 4, 1607, Stat. iv, 
1132] ; also Nos. LXXVIII, LXXXI, March 22, July 16, 1621 
[granted in Parliament of March 22, 1621, Stat. iv, 1208] ; 
Nos. LXXXVIII, LXXXIX, XC, June 1, Sept. 1, 1624, and 
Jan. 17, 1625 [granted in the Parliament of Feb. 19 to May 29, 
1624, on prospect of war with Spain after breach of the marriage 
treaty; Stat. iv, 1247]; Nos. XCI, XCIII, Aug. 15, 1625, 
Feb. 10, 1626 [on accession of Charles I ; Stat. v, 3-21]. For 
an order in Council, March 30, 1629, to the Commissioners for 
subsidies in Exeter, sending directions for payment of the sub- 
sidy [granted June 16, 1628 ; Gardiner, vi, 315], see L. 320. 
For undated note of charges for the subsidy account (temp. 
James I), see L. 192. For a large bundle of subsidy returns, 
assessments &c. (temp. Elizabeth, James I and Charles I), see 
Misc. Papers. 

William Earl of Bath. 

LXIV. Jan. 21, 1587. Appointment of William 
[Bourchier] Earl of Bath as Lord Lieutenant of Devon and 
Exeter, with names of his deputies. Also in Transcripts, Nos. 
2064, 2065, 2067, 2068, 2073 ; see also Nos. LXIVa (Nov. 14, 
1587) ; LXVI (April 29, 1593); LXVIII (June 7, 1596) ; LXIX, 
LXIXa (July 6, 1599) ; LXX (Dec. 3, 1600) ; LXXI (June 10, 
1601); LXXII (April 13, 1603); LXXIV (Feb. 25, 1609); 
LXXV, LXXVI (May 9, June 24, 1614); LXXVII (Sept. 8, 
1616) ; LXXX (July 3, 1618). For letters to the Mayor from 
the Earl of Bath as Lord Lieutenant, see L. 621. 

Popish Recusants. 

LXXIX. April 6, 1621. Recites a proclamation of July 1, 
1607, forbidding all natural born subjects to leave the country, 
and commissions the Mayor of Exeter and others to examine 
all persons over 21 years of age who desire to pass over the 
seas, as to their cause of departure, trade, destination &c., 
and to administer to them at then 1 discretion the oath prescribed 
by the Act of 1605* " for the better discovering and repressing 
of popish recusants." 

Francis Lord Russell, afterwards Earl of Bedford. 

LXXXII. July 18, 1623 [i.e. 21, not 20 James I, see Pat. 
Roll (2300), 21 James /, pt. 6, m. I5d]. Appointment of 

* i.e. Stat. iv., p. 1074, 3 James I, c. 4. For an order issued by magistrates 
in session (Easter, 1605) to the High Constable and petty constables of 
Ottery St. Mary, to make privy search in the houses of recusant Papists 
in accordance with divers directions from the Lords of the Council. See 
Oliver, Collections illustrating the history of the Catholic Religion in Devon 
<fcc., p. 9, from the Record Office in Exeter Castle. 



11 

Francis Lord Russell of Thornhaugh as Lieutenant of Devon 
and Exeter. [He became Earl of Bedford on May 3, 1627.] 
For names of his deputies see Nos. LXXXV (Aug. 1, 1623), 
LXXXVI (Dec. 22, 1623), LXXXVII (Dec. 24, 1623) [also 
Izacke, 150]. In L. 263, dated Chiswick, Dec. 24, 1623, he 
writes to Mr. Pearse in reference to the charges made for 
the patents of his deputy lieutenants, including 4?. at the 
scale and 40s. promised to Mr. Secretaire's man, and explaining 
that the increase was occasioned by "the Kinge reassuming 
the dormant warrant from my Lord Keeper and commaunding 
that nothing should passe but by his owne signature." The 
charges alluded to will be found in an undated document 
(L. 191) signed by John Pearse, who was a bailiff of Exeter in 
1619. In L. 256 (Nov. 8, 1623) is a reference to Lord Russell's 
claim for allowance from the Chamber of Exeter in regard to 
his commission "to be forthwith disbursed accordinge to 
the ordinary proportion heretofore dispended upon such 
occasions." See also Nos. XCIV (June 17, 1626), XCVI 
(June 16, 1627). For his appointment and that of his son 
William Lord Russell [afterwards 1st Duke of Bedford] as 
joint Lord Lieutenants of Devon and Exeter, with their 
deputies, see No. XCIX, March 30, 1637, also Order in 
Council to them jointly, L. 369 (Aug. 17, 1637) ; and a letter 
from them to their deputies, see L. 382 (dated Bedford House, 
July 2nd, 1639), referring to errors in their commission. 

The forced Loan. 

XCV. Oct. 11, 1626. Commission from Charles I to the 
Mayor and Aldermen of Exeter to raise a loan to enable him 
to continue the war in Germany and relieve his illustrious uncle 
[Christian IV] the King of Denmark, then reduced to great 
extremity.* For orders in Council, dated Feb. 21, May 12, June 
30, Aug. 7, Oct, 31, 1627, urging quicker collection of the loan; 
see L.L. 291, 293, 294, 295, 299. For a receipt dated May 26, 
1628, for 692?. received as a loan from divers inhabitants of 
Exeter, see D. 1745. For a list of persons in Exeter who 
contributed, see Misc. Rolls 75. In L. 286 (dated March 27, 
1627) the Earl of Marleburge [i.e. James Ley, Treasurer] 
and Richard Weston [Chancellor and Under Treasurer of the 
Exchequer] order the Collectors of the Loan Money in Exeter 
to pay the money collected to Sir George Chudleigh. In L. 295 
(Strachleigh, Aug. 17, 1627) Sir George Chudleigh writes to 
the Commissioners for the loans in Exeter in answer to a letter 
from them of Aug. 14. In this he says : It seemes their 
lordships never heard from you in all this time of the state 
of this busynes which hath occasioned these letters to be 
written to you, being intended (if I guesse aright) to some 
countyes (rather then a cittye) which have bene slacke in 

* i.e. since the battle of Lutter, Aug. 27, 1626, news of which reached 
England in Sept., 1626. Cal. Dom., 1625-6, p. 422. 



12 

this service to his majestye. He concludes : " Wherefore 
if it shall please you to give order to your collectors to pay 
over your second payment unto me as they have done the 
first I shall make no scruple to receave it nether to disburse 
it according to my directions. Only I shall pray you to certifye 
their lordships with all speede what you have done that 
they may not expect money from you which by themselves 
is otherwise disposed of. In L. 366 (Sept. 16, 1634) [Captain] 
William Jewell and John Unwoon, by virtue of Commissions 
dated May 19 and Aug. 2 last, send a warrant to the Mayor 
to bring before them " at the signe of the beare in this city " 
at 9 o'clock to-morrow morning all officers belonging to His 
Majesty's Customs, all merchants, masters of Shippes, Barkes 
and other vessells belongeinge to sea affayers, all mercers 
grocers, dyers, woolcombers, fellmongers, chandlers and such 
as sell any grocerie ware or buy, sell, spend any dyinge stuffes 
dwellinge wthin your Cittie and the liberties thereof to bee 
examined on his Ma ties . behalfe, to the end it may be knowne 
who they bee (if any such shall happen to bee) that contempne 
or sleight the authoritie of his Ma tle8 . said Commissions." 

St. Paul's Cathedral. 

XCVIII. Dec. 20, 1633. Commission to the Mayor &c. to 
collect money in aid of the reparation of St. Paul's Cathedral, 
with a list giving the names of about 250 persons who 
contributed 111. 18s. 3d. between them, besides 31. Us. 9d. 
raised by collections in the several churches of the city, 
Robert Vilvaine,* Doctor of Phisicke, promising to pay 6s. 
yearly as long as the work shall last, if he lives. See also 
Transcripts, No. 2089. 

Lands for Charitable uses. 

C. May 1, 1638. Commission to the Mayor, Bishop and 
others to enquire concerning lands given to charitable uses under 
Statute 43 Elizabeth [cap. 4 (1601), Stat. iv, 968]. For 
similar commissions, see No. CVII (May 15, 1648), CVIII 
(Dec. 13, 1653), [issued by " the Keepers of the Liberties of 
England "], among the commissioners being John Desborow,f 
Major General, and Edmund Prideaux, Attorney General to 
the Commonwealth and Recorder of Exeter.J For another 
commission, dated July 11, 1666, see No. CIV, where the 
Bishop, to whom among others the commission is addressed, 
is called " Seth " [i.e. Seth Ward]. For writ of Charles II 
to the Mayor &c. to deliver the temporalities of the see to 
him, dated Aug. 25, 1662 ; see No. CX. 

* See L. 172. He was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Boase, Reg. 88. For 
epigram written by him in 1640, see Izacke, 156. 

t For his connection with Exeter Castle, April 14, Oct. 17, 1654, see 
Col. Dom., 1654, pp. 100, 376. On March 12, May 28, 1655, he was Major- 
General in charge of the Militia of Devon, Dorset, Somerset and Wilts. 
Thurloe, State Papers, iii, 221, 468. 

I Appointed Recorder May 2, 1643. Oliver, p. 236. 



13 

Emissaries of mischief. 

CIII. Feb. 7, 1642. Commission to the Mayor &c. to 
administer the oath of supremacy and allegiance to suspected 
persons passing through Exeter. [See Act Book vii (i.e. viii), 
/. 199, quoted in Oliver, p. 114.] 

Invasion of the Scots. 

CVI. Oxford, March 30, 1644. Charles I commissions 
Sir John Berkeley, knight, Governor of the City of Exeter, 
the Mayor (Hugh Croker, esquire*) and others to raise Exeter's 
share of 100,000?. granted by the Commons [i.e. at Oxford] 
to resist the invasion of the Scots, t 

General Monck. 

CIX. July 4, 1662. Commission to George [Monck] Duke 
of Albemarle as Lord Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter to 
appoint his deputies ; see also Transcripts, No. 2097. 

Nativi. 

CXIII. Nov. 22, 1679. Charles II commissions the Mayor 
and Aldermen of Exeter to administer the oath of supremacy.! 
See also Transcripts, No. 2104. 

Deputy Lieutenants. 

CXIV. April 4, 1687. John [Grenville] Earl of Bath, Lord 
Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter, appoints John Snell [see 
L. 15] as Deputy Lieutenant for the City of Exeter. In 
No. CXV (June 13, 1696) Thomas [Grey] Earl of Stamford &c., 
as Lord Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter, appoints the Mayor 
as his deputy for Exeter. In CXVII (May 13, 1708) John 
[Poulett] Earl Poulett, as Lord Lieutenant, appoints his 
deputies for Exeter ; also CXVIII (March 9, 1717) John 
[Carteret] Baron Cartaret [of Hawnes], as Lord Lieutenant, 
appoints his deputies. With signatures " Bathe," " Stamford " 
(also his seal), " Poulett," and " Cartaret " (with seal) 
respectively. 

Sir Edward Seymour. 

CXVI. Sir Edward Seymour, Baronet, resigns his office 
of Recorder of Exeter, with signature " Edw. Seymour " 
and seal. 

3. ROYAL LETTERS AND OTHER PAPERS. 

Seventeen documents (all originals) numbered 1 to 17, 
many of which bear traces of previous neglect, though now 

* He was knighted on July 27, 1644. Shaw, ii, 218. 

t Who surrendered at Newark, March 22, 1644. 

j i.e. To enable those who had been born abroad before the Restoration 
to become naturalised. See Stat. v, 840 (i.e. 29 Car. II, c. 6, 1677). 

Appointed Dec. 7, 1685. Pat. 1 James II, pt. 10, in. 1 ; Duckett, Penal 
Lava, p. 20, 



14 

carefully mounted and bound, forming, with Sec. IV, seven 
folio volumes lettered 60A, 60B, 60c, 60D, 60E, 60r, 60o. 

In Dr. Oliver's Calendar (vol. iv, p. 292) the following entry 
occurs : Nov. 5, 1821. N.B. Mr. Jones employed at home 
Six Whole Days in sorting, marking, reading and indexing the 
various letters from the Kings of England, Privy Council, 
Burgesses and others, which have been bound for their better 
preservation, and in transcribing Deeds and Charters respecting 
the manor of Awliscombe by order of the Chamberlain. And 
in vol. iv, p. 342, Wednesday, Sept. 5, 1825 : Seventy-Ninth 
Day : Employed the whole of this day in arranging and 
marking the Chamber Letters in order to their Being Bound &c. 
Signed, P. Jones. 

Many of the Royal Letters have recently been published 
in Cotton, Gleanings. 

L. 1. June 29, s.a. Delivered to the Mayor at Exeter on 
the 19th July. Privy Signet from Henry VII to his trusty 
and well beloved the " Mayor of our Citee and Port of Excestre," 
setting forth that " diverse evill disposed persons our soubjiettes 
born bee now lieing upon the see as comyn pyrates robbing 
and dispoilling as well our soubgiettes as owre frendes being 
in treux liege and amite with us and have their comon resorte 
unto diverse havons as well of that our towne as of other 
where they may be vitailed, favoured and comforted," and 
commanding him to come bringing two or three persons of his 
brethren to the King's presence, "to the ende that at youre 
comyng we by thadvise of our counsaill may see such a 
direccion to be taken for the reformation of thoos misbehavings 
as shalbe thought for the wele of us and our said Royaulme 
and soubgiettes," &c. 

L. 2. At our manor of Grenewiche, June 23, 1508. 
Henry VII informs the Mayor of Exeter and his brethren of the 
treaty made at Calais [on Dec. 21, 1507] for the marriage of his 
daughter Mary and the young Prince of Castile [afterwards 
the Emperor Charles V], and requires them to sign and return 
the bond " specified in the letters obligatories which this berer 
shal shewe unto you."* For full text see Cotton, 188. 

L. 3. Feb. 24, 1524. Henry VIII to the Mayor of Exeter, 
Sir Thomas Denys, knight [Recorder of Exeter], Richard Duke 
and other our Commissioners deputed for the subsidy in the 
City of Exeter. Recites that a subsidy was granted to the 
King by an Act of the last Parliament [in 1523, see No. LIX], 
and that " by inadvertence and misexposition of the seide 
Acte and partly percace by favour the same in divers parts 
of this realme hath not been duely executed accordinge to 
the verraye tenor and true mentionyng thereof," the particulars 

* Exeter being one of the towns entered as sureties for the payment of 
250,000 crowns as dower Bymer V, iv, 241. 



15 

of which oversights and defaults are set forth in a memorial 
enclosed [now lost], and desiring them " by dulce amycable 
and goodly meanes to make overture of the seide defaults 
and misexpositions unto such and as many our subgiettes as 
it shall appartaigne, shewing unto them howe ye not under- 
standing the hooll of the seide Acte have in some things 
mistaken the same, soe that by your policies and circum- 
spections the oversights and things paste may be really, 
effectually, lovingly and conformably reafourmed and amended 
according to the purporte, juste meaning and entent of the 
seide Acte," the return of their proceedings to be made before 
Easter next. [For full text see Cotton, p. 189.]* 

L. 4. Guildford, June 22, 1554. Queen Mary thanks the 
Mayor &c. for the " courteous entreteynement and other 
good offices shewed unto our cousen the Marqes of Las Navasf 
at our request." For full text of the letter see Oliver, p. 102 ; 
see also L. 34 infra. 

L. 5. Westminster, June 7, 1557. Proclamation of war 
against the French King [Henri II], with notice of 40 days' 
grace to French merchants to depart the Kingdom. [Printed in 
Cotton, 195, who wrongly dates it 1556. For a summary of 
it see Lingard, v. 251, quoting Transcripts for Rymer, 359 ; 
Froude, vi, 476.] 

L. 6. Hampton Court, Nov. 4, 1562. Queen Elizabeth com- 
mands the Mayor and Aldermen of Exeter to contribute towards 
a levy of 500 men from Devonshire [i.e. to garrison Havre, 
then called New Havne], the citizens having refused to con- 
tribute because Exeter was not described as a separate county 
in the writ. [Printed in Cotton, 190.]{ 

L. 7. Richmond, Feb. 17, 1603. Queen Elizabeth to the 
Mayor and Justices of the Peace : Having often bene advertised 
from the maritime partes of our Kingdome our many losses which 
our good subiects receave in their trade by such shipping as 
the King of Spaine and the Archduke doo maintaine for no 
other purpose but to spoile upon our coasts, wherein after 
good deliberation we have determined that there must be 
some certeine proportion of shipping wholly assigned to guarde 
our marchants from what parte soever they sett forthe and 
retourne, which being a matter no way convenient for our own 

* For similar writ to Wilts, dated at Greenwich, Feb. 27, 1524, see Letters 
and Papers, Henry VIII, pt. 4, i, 49. The " defaults " may have reference 
to the amount possessed by those liable to pay, which is given as over 401. 
in Pat. 15 Henry VIII, pt. 2, mm. 20d-22d; but 201. in Rot. Parl. vii, 
p. Ixxvii ; Stat. iii, 231 ; and 101. in No. LIX supra. 

f He is so called in Acts of Privy Council, v., 28, May 26, 1554, but Les Naves 
in Gal. Dom., 1547-1580, p. 62. He is called " Las Naves " in Queen Mary's 
will, March 13, 1558. J. M. Stone, 515. 

J For a similar demand for 600 men from Essex, Nov. 3, 1562, see Col. 
Pom., 1547-1580, p. 210. 



16 

shippes to attende the uncertaintie of their trade requiring 
sodaino and changeable going to and fro. It shall be most 
necessarie to appropriate some other shippes for that purpose, 
and therein we make no question but all our loving subiects 
will conclude that those important actions wherein our own 
ffleets are still ingaged being well considered and the charge 
thereof daily multiplying more and more this burthen of 
expence (whatever that shall amounte unto) must be for the 
most parte raised and maintained by the voluntary contributions 
of our subiects. . . . We have thought good to commaunde 
and authorise you to direet your 1'res to such effect as may 
procure a speedy collection and disbursment of all things 
necessary for the grounding and furnishing of tenne or twelve 
shippes wholly and only to attende that service. Authorising 
you also to promise that the charges of all maner of munition 
for that service shall be borne by our selves that they shall be 
free from paying any customes, tenthes or other duties for 
all things which they shall take being lawfulle prise. 

Footnote. This agreith with the original signed by her Ma tie . 
Windebank.* 

L. 8. Undated letter [probably 1603, though endorsed 
Jas. 16, i.e. 1618-19], from James I to the Mayor &c., 
commending the careful government of the city and promising 
that he will be " als readye to yeald to any your reasonable 
suites that may be for your good and somewhat the rather 
yf they shalbe preferred unto us by our welbeloved servant 
John Howell, one of your brethrene, of whose loyaltie and 
good service wee have experience. Signed, " James R." 
[Printed in Cotton, p. 197.] 

John Howell was Mayor in 1599. For his offer to obtain 
a mint for the city in 1603, see Act Book, 6, /. 626. 

InD. 1725, Jan. 17, 1615. Alderman John Howell gives to 
the city " one Booke of abridgement of Statutes until the 
xxiiijth of King Henrie the Eight, one greate booke of 
Statutes at large from Magna Charta untill the Parliament ended 
the xxixth yeare of Queene Elizabeth, one other booke of the 
abridgement of all the said Statutes contained in the said 
booke and one other booke of Statutes att large, 35-39, 44 
Elizabeth and 1 and 7 James I, with John Howell's seal and 
signature. These volumes have not been preserved. 

L. 9. A copy of L. 8, and on the same sheet a copy of a 
letter from Mr. William Hunter [a friend of John Howell], 
written from the Court on Nov. 15, 1603, desiring the citizens 
of Exeter to keep secret the above letter, " for that yt ys 
written by secrett secretary, a Scottish man.f and His Ma tle ., 

* For a similar order to other places, dated Feb. 5, 1603, see Col. Dom., 
1601-1603, p. 289. For a subsequent order, Feb. 22, 1603, fixing 200/. as 
the contribution from Exeter, see L. 108, with enquiry from the Mayor of 
Plymouth (L. 109), March 9, 1603, as to what Exeter proposes to do. 

t i.e. Sir Thomas Areskyne or Erekine, who succeeded Sir Walter Raleigh 
as Captain of the Guard on May 8, 1603, Acts of Privy Council, xxxii, 198 ; 
Gal. Dom., 1603-1606, pp. 145, 166. 



17 

ys not desirous that the secret love which he beareth to his 
secrett frendes should be publickly knowen." With the 
city's reply to Mr. Hunter expressing their sense of the favour 
shown to them, " for we must needes confes ourselves to be 
weak and meane in regard to many other cittys in this 
Kingdom, yet neverthelesse by the good blessinge of Almighty 
God this Citty hath ever byn found to be confidently feathfull 
and truly loyall to her Prince." [Hunter's letter is printed in 
Cotton, p. 197, who misdates it 1604.] 

Door through the City Wall, 

L. 10. Westminster Palace, March 6, 1623. Order to the 
Mayor and Alderman to allow the Bishop [Valentine Carey] 
" to make a convenient doore through the Citty wall and to 
have the use of it from tyme to tyme, he beinge readie when- 
soever any publicq urgent necessity shall require for the good 
and safety of the Citty to make it up againe." [Printed in 
Cotton, p. 198. See also Cal Dom., 1622-1623, p. 513 ; 
Freeman, 163.] For the Bishop's petition to the King on 
the same subject, dated Jan. 27, 1623, see L. 240 ; Book 55, 
/. 197b, in which he states that his request has been refused 
by the Chamber, who are " more desirous of his roome then 
of his company with and amonge them," with a footnote : At 
the Courte at Whitehalle, Jan. 27, 1622-3, his Ma tle . is 
gratiously pleased to grant this peticion, beinge in his princely 
judgment very reasonable upon the condicion propounded and 
willethe that Mr. Secretarie Calvert give order for a letter to be 
written to the Maior of Exeter and his brethren to the effecte 
desired. Jo. Cooke. For counterpetition of the Chamber 
to the King giving eight reasons against allowing the Bishop's 
request, see L. 247 ; Book 55, /. 198. For an order in Council 
May 9, 1623), see L. 245, 246. 

L. 11 is a duplicate of L. 10. 

Isle de Eke. 

L. 12. Hampton Court, Sept. 29, 1627. Copy of a letter 
from Charles I to Francis Earl of Bedford, Lord Lieutenant of 
Devon, requiring him to levy 200 able and serviceable men 
in Devonshire and Exeter for the wars, according to the 
directions sent to him by the Privy Council, as " there is now 
a necessitie imposed on us for some speedye reinforcement 
and supplye [i.e. to the Duke of Buckingham in Isle de Rhe], 
to the end wee may pursue and finish (with God's favour) 
those prosperous beginings which hee hath already given 
us for y e defence of religion, and for the safety and honour 
both of us and of our Kingdomes." This letter is enclosed 
with L. 296, i.e. an order of the Council addressed to the 
Earl of Bedford, dated Sept. 30, 1627, stating that "such 
are the pressing occasions of his Majesty's affaires that further 

Wt. 80757. Ex. 2 



18 

supplyes must bee had at his p'sent of the number of 200 foot," 
and requiring that " there bee speciall care had in the choice 
of the men that they bee of able bodies and yeres fit for service 
and well clothed, but none of them taken out of the trained 
bands which are still to bee kept intire." They are to be 
" committed to ye care of some discreete and able conductor " ; 
their march is to be at 15 miles per day ; " the charge of coate 
and conduct money is for the present to be disbursed by 
the countrye and to bee repaid according to former 
presedents." The conductors are to receive the men from 
the Deputy Lieutenants by roll indented tripartite showing 
the number of the men, their names and the parishes from 
whence they were impressed. To guard against former 
" abuses of Constables, conductors and other officers imployed 
in former levyes " orders are to be given " that there bee 
noe connyving, selling, changing or sparing of the most able 
men," &c. and these men are to be at Plymouth by Nov. 1st. 
The document is endorsed : " The Duke of Buckingham 
hereuppon verie shortlie retorned to Plymouth from Ree,* 
and noe souldiers were sent by these letters eyther out of 
Devon or Exeter." 

In L. 297, 18 Justices of Devon to the Lords of the Council 
acknowledge receipt of L. 12 and (L. 296) stating the difficulty 
experienced by the county of Devon in levying 200 men 
required on account of the number of Seamen which this 
county ever yeeldes to his Mat s . service and of the later 
Presses." They have " taken course for the levying of 150 
men leaving the residue upon the City of Exeter, who have 
been sometime spared though they are better able to furnish 
soldiers from its Handicraftsmen than the county from its 
Labourers." They hope that these troops will be "attended 
with a good fund of ready money," having regard to the 
" satisfaction of the late charge of the 2,000 men now shipt, 
which comes to about 2,500?., and also for the weekly billet 
of those to come." They are " continuously so molested 
with the crye of the poore billetters for punt 8 , pay, as our 
business is disturbed, our credit lost with our countrymen, and 
ourselves utterlie wearied in the p'formance of this impossible 
service," and they ask the Council to send " a goode sum of 
money to hasten some sufficient captain, as you lately 
did in the Lord Viscount Willmot, both to govern and billet 
them," and to assign a certain proportion of the men to 
Cornwall. 

Thomas Jefford. 

L. 15. Windsor, July 26, 1686. James II revokes royal 
letters of " the 19th day of this instant " in which he had 
recommended Thomas Jeffordf to be chosen an Alderman on 

* i.e. He left Rh6 on Oct. 30, 16277and landed at Plymouth Nov. 8, 1627. 
Gardiner, vi, 197. 

f Thomas Jefford was recommended to the city as Mayor by James II 
on Nov. 28, 1687. He surrendered the City Charter on Jan. 24, 1688. 
Izacke, 183, 185 ; Oliver, 219. 



19 

the vacancy of Alderman [Isaac] Maudit or Alderman 
Endymion Walker, " upon some recommendation made unto 
us concerning this matter," and " leaving you at full liberty to 
supply the said vacanceys as by your Charter is directed." 

4. LETTERS AND OTHER PAPERS. 606 Documents 
(Nos. 18-623). 

L. 18. Undated, but after 1488. Petition of John Atwill 
[Bailiff, 1472, 1474; Mayor, 1477, 1480, 1484, 1485, 1493, 
1497] to the King [Henry VII]. The upper part is much 
damaged, but the petition is rewritten on the dorse, with 
slight alterations in the wording, from which it can be made 
out that the messuage in question was " of olde tyme called 
the Herte." 

Humble shewyth and complayneth on to your highnes 
your poor ' Oratur ' John Atwell, citezeyn of your cite 
of Exet. that where as one Wm. Lywer, late of Topsham 
. . . said cite now late dede was sesid of a messuage with 
the .... demene as of fee and so thereof beyng sesid 
exchanged with .... by long tyme yn to the fest of the 
Nativite of Sent John the Baptist last passed. . . . Your 
Oratour was in your service with the noble Knygth Sr. Richard 
Eggecomb, comptroller of your honorable household and 
commissioner send by thauctoritie of your highnes ynto 
yo' land of Ireland' [i.e. June 23, Aug. 8, 1488], came to John 
Bonefaunt [Bailiff, 1495, 1507] the most infamouse person 
withyn your said cite that hath shewed hymself . . . poynted 
with paper for f orgyng of false dedis and countraf etyng of sealles 
associatte on ... mony dyverse and riotous persones with force 
and armez that is to wete with swerdes and bokeleris, billis, 
stafis, dagerris and long hangeris and broke and entered into 
the said messuage and on that riottousely with the said force 
did adowne your said Oratour his messuage and house to the 
grounde both tymber and wallis and bare a way the same 
tymber cofferys gryndyng stonys almeries and oder stuffe 
there founde to the valew of xx. li. How be hit the said John 
Bonefant was warned required and charged by one Robert 
Newton [Mayor in 1488, 1504] for that time being maire of 
your said Cite yn the behalf of your said Oratoure that he 
sholde not draw downe your said Oratoure his house neyder 
intermelle hym with all on til the tyme your said Oratoure came 
home from your service. Neverthelesse that not with stondyng 
the said John Bonefaunt of Riqueste trustyng your said 
Oratoure men, to hafe cu' home ageyne kepte and occupied by 
the said force the said messuage for that tyme neder on to 
and yette doth and wyll not departe from hit neyder suffereth 
your said Oratoure to occupy hit as in his Rigth and former 
possession accordyng to your lawes or lesse then your said 
Oratoure shold entre uppon hym by force and juparde the 
breche of your peez the which withoute your comandement he 



will not attempt. Wherefor please it to your said highnes the 
premissis tenderly considered to graunte to severall previ sealys 
on to be directed on to the Maire and bayliffys of your said 
Cite comaundyng tham to se the said forceble entre repaired 
and your said 0. brogth yn suche formerre title and possession 
as he was on' yn tyme of his departier on to your said service 
and a noder prevy seale directed on to the said John Bonefaunt 
to apere before your hignez and the lordys of your most noble 
counsaile at a certeyn day by your said hignez to be limitted 
under a certeyn peyne there to aunswere to the premisses and 
to be corrected accordyng to his demerits and to fynde 
sufficiaunt surete both to bere your peez agence your said O. 
and all your trew liege people and of his gode aberyng and 
over that to comaunde the said J.B. to be putte yn warde so 
that he shall not departe til that he to all the premisses and oder 
to be obiected ayenste hym hafe made dew and trew aunswere. 
And your said Oratour shall pray to God all way for the 
presevacion of your moste Royall estate. 

Property of Religious Houses. 

L. 19. Dated " frrom London the ijde ..." [the docu- 
ment being torn at the edges and stained with ink] temp. 
Edward VI. 

After our hartye comendacions where John Haydon and 
Thomas Gybbes,* gentilman, purchased and bought to 
them and to their heyres for ever of the late Kyng of famouse 
memory Henry theight late Kyng of Englande, all the landes, 
tenements medowes leasues f edyngs pastures and heredy taments. 
within the Citie of Excester and the suburbes of the same 
which did latelie belong and apperteyne to the late monasteries 
of Saynt John and Saynt Nicholas in Exceter in the countie 
of the Citie of Exceter, Polsloo, Plympton, Pyllton, Fford 
and Newenham in the county of Devon and to the late 
monastery of Launceston in the County of Cornewall. We 
therefore require you that ymmediatlye upon the . . . the 
. . . presents by you exactelie perused and ... do deliver or 
cause to be delivered to the saide . . . Haydon and Thomas 
Gybbes or to the torny ... in their names all suche evydencs 
wrytings . . . escripts and mynuments which do concerne 
. . . lands and other the premisses. And if any . . . 
evydencs, escripts, courte rolls, writings and ... do concerne 
as well for other lands as for the said ... by the said John 
Haydon and Thomas G . . . requyre you to make out a 
true copye or ... same evydencs and to delyver the same 
. . . hande to the said John Haydon and Thomas ... to 
the brynger hereof in his or their names. Thus fare ye well. 
Three signatures (blotted) : ? Boke . . . , Thomas May [? Moy], 
Fra. Lindridge.t There is a fragment of a seal and the 
document is written on paper with watermark a hand (with 

i.e. of Clyst St. Gorge. See Worthy, Will*, 163. 

f Called officers of the Court of Augmentations in S. Moore's Calendar. 



21 

index) and star (with five points). Endorsed : To Anthony 
Harvy* and John Greynfeldef, Esquires, and [blank] Carewe 
widow and to all suche person and persons as have the kepynge 
and custody of any evidences of the possession of the late 
Monasteries, Abbes, Priores and other possessions within 
specified and to every of them. 

In L. 58 is a receipt dated Dec. 12, 1561, from " Anthoni 
Harvy " to the City of Exeter for 3Z. covering three years 
for annuity of 20s. p.a. 

In L. 84 is a receipt by John Haydon of Ottery St. Mary 
for 13s. 4d. his fee from the City dated Oct. 24, 1582. 

For grant of church lands in Exeter and suburbs to Haydon 
and Gibbes for 899?. Is. lid. see D. 1449, April 2, 1545 ; Letters 
and Papers, xx, i, 298. For their seals and signatures see 
D. 1452, March 7, 1546. 

The Commotion of 1549. 

L. 20. Aug. [s.a. but 1549-50, John Tuckfield being Mayor]. 
John Lord Russell the King's Lieutenant General in the West 
parties, writes to the Mayor and others : " Whear for lacke 
of good orders emongst suche as ought to rule the commons 
as well in thes as in other parts of the realme ther have growen 
of late such commotions and rebellions as the lyeke have not 
ben harde of insomuche that the rudest of the people contemp- 
ninge ther superiours have attaigned so unnaturall libertie 
that at length their pryde and ignoraunce have provoked 
ther natural! soveraigne lorde and kinge to use his sworde 
of justice against them." He commands them " to peruse 
what men within the precincte of your auctoritie are metest 
. . . the staie of ... inconveniences appointing every man 
to knowe whom he shall folowe &c." " And forasmuch as 
upon the late trial of your faithfulness^ and good courage in 
the valiaunt maintaigning of this citie to the Kinges Majesties 
honour and your owne comon welthe (wherein you have 
deserved singuler praise and highe thankes), you wer never- 
theless brought to thuttermost pointe of miserie yf by his 
highness power you had not ben the rather relived. Considering 
the principal faulte thereof to have growen of the lacke of 
suche aide and assistance as the gentelmen of the Countrey 
shoulde have given you in tyme or ever the Comons had 
been hable to straine you as they did." He therefore appoints 
Sir Peter Carewe, Sir Roger Blewet, knights, and three 
esquires, viz. Mr. Pierse Courtney, Mr. Richard Chidleigh and 
Mr. Anthony Harvye (see L. 19) to assist and advise them 
in case of need, and he orders the bells of the parish churches 

* Of Hey wood, Devon, or Culm John, D. 1507, which has his seal and 
signature. 

f For appointment, April 18, 1543, of John Greynfelde [al. Graynfelde, 
Grenfeld or Grenville] as surveyor of all lands of the suppressed religious 
houses in Devon and Cornwall, see Letters and Papers, xvm, i, 546. 

% i.e. the siege of Exeter by Cornish rebels from July 2 to Aug. 6, 1549. 



22 

to be taken down and the clappers taken away, the bells to 
be left in charge of some honest men of the parish. [Printed 
in Cotton, p. 190. The paper has the same watermark as 
L. 19.] 

In L. 21, Exeter, Aug. 16, 1549, John Lord Russell writes 
to the Mayor, Sir Roger Bluett, Knight, Mr. John Hull, Esquire 
[M.P. for Exeter in 1547, d. Oct. 29, 1549] and the rest of 
their brethren : " Being credebly informed that the 
defence of the Cytie hathe ben vary chargeable," and that 
some of the citizens " for some synister affeccons they hadd 
in this Cause " have refused to contribute to the charges, 
he requests them to call such persons before them and compel 
them to contribute. [Printed in Cotton, 192. The paper 
has a man's head for the watermark.] 

In L. 23, Oct. 9, 1649, William Drewrie and John Befyld, 
gentilmen, servants to the right Hon'able Lord Russell, 
Levetenaunt yn this West Parties, send to John Tuckfield, 
Mayor of Exeter and his brethren a receipt " uppon the 
request of the said Lord letenaunt ffor the Kynges necessarie 
affaires " for " twoo dubble Bassys and iiij. Chambers beyng 
parcel of the ordynaunces of the said Citie " to be redelivered 
to the City before the next Easter, with signatures : John 
Bithell, Wyllm. Drury. Endorsed: "the bell off ye lentt 
off ij. peces off ordenaunce lentt to my lord resesell." 
[Printed in Cotton, 193.] 

In L. 27, Jan. 20, 1550, John Earl of Bedford writes from 
Westminster Palace to " the righte worshipfulle and my 
vearie lovinge frends Mr. John Tukfielde Maior of Excester 
and his bretherne," informing them that he is going away 
on the King's business,* and that he has requested his loving 
friends the two burgesses for Exeter [i.e. Griffin Ameredith 
and Thomas Prestwood], " who have behaved themselves 
vearie thankfullie in the service of you all," not to remain 
at Westminster during his absence but to repair thither on 
his return,f and this for the more sure furthering of all the 
city's suits, " which all my Lordes of the Councell favor the 
more for that your faithfull constancie and defending of 
the late rebelles in those parties from your Citie. J. bedford." 

The Prebend of Hayes. 

L. 22. April 8, 1550. Copies of four Deeds relating to 
the Prebend of Hayes. 

(1) The true Copie of An Indenture of bargayne and sale 
from John Stephens late prebendarye of haves unto Robert 
Kelwaye or Keilwaie ar'. 

* He was appointed on Jan 21, 1550 to negotiate for peace with France. 
The treaty was signed at Boulogne on March 20, 1550. 

f They left Exeter riding to London on Jan. 22nd and 26th 1551, 
respectively. See Act Book, 2, f.19. 



23 

In D. 1443, Oct. 10, 1543 (called Oct. 5, in D. 1507), John 
Stephynes, clerk, prebendary of Heighes and Canon of 
St. Peters, grants a 21 years lease of the manor and mansion 
place of Heighes to Anthony Harvey (see L. 19) at a rental 
of 37Z. 7s. lid. 

In J). 1458, Sept. 22, 1548, John Stephyns sells the prebend 
and manor to Robert Keylwey, Esquire, surveyor of the 
Court of Wards and Liveries. 

(2) The true copie of the confirmation of the same from 
the patron E[dward] Duke of Somersett and ordynarye John 
[Voysey] Bishop of Exeter unto the foresaide Robte. Kelwaye, 
Nov. 30, 1548 [called Keyleway in D. 1460, Nov. 30, 1548], 
Signed " E. Somersett " and " John Bishop of Excett r ," 
with fragments of their seals, the former being described 
as " the very and indubitate patron thereof " and the property 
as " the manor of Heighes with all rights members and 
appurtenances in Hayes Cowyke and Clyst moyes " [i.e. Cliston 
Hayes in Broadclyst. Oliver, p. 194]. 

(3) The true copie of Robte. Kelwaye Gifte of Hayes unto 
the Kinge. April 1, 1550. 

(4) The true copie of the gyfte of Hayes from the King by 
1'res patents unto Nicholas Wadham, Greenwiche, April 8, 
1550, with footnote : Nicholas Waolham* did suffre this 
land to discend unto his only sister [Jane] and heyre whom 
John Foster of Baddesley in Hampsher marryd. Foster his 
wief and his sonne ioyned in sale thereof unto John Petre 
Customer of Exon by fyne and recovery General warrant 
and recognisance of M". for the quiett enioying of the same 
and to be dischardged and saved harmeles from all incum- 
brance vexacion and treble whatsoever. John Petre esquier 
gave yt unto his nephew Willm. Petre gent., present possessor 
of the same. 

In D. 1471, June 8, 1551, Edward VI grants livery of these 
lands to John Foster and Jane his wife, with great seal. 

In D. 1507, Jan. 12, 1557, Anthony Harvey assigns the 
prebend with the manor of Hayes &c. to John Foster. 

In D. 1510, Jan. 15, 1557, John Foster and two others give 
a bond for 500Z. to John Stephyns to perform the covenants of 
previous indentures. 

In D. 1529, Oct. 1, 1563, John Foster and his son Andrew 
grant the prebend of Hayes &c. to John Petre, esquire. 
Signed " By me John Foster." " By me Androwe Foster." 
See also D. 1530, 1531, 1532, 1709, all referring to the same 
transaction. 

In D. 1564, Feb. 4, 1571, John Peter grants it to Nicholas 
Wadham and others as trustees for his nephew John Peter 
* He was grandfather of the founder of Wadham College at Oxford. 



24 

of Topsham, where it includes land in Hayes, Cowyke Strete, 
St. Thomas' parish ' prope et ultra pontem Exonie ' [i.e. at the 
west end of Exe Bridge. See Archceologia, xxviii, 12 ; Oliver, 
pp. 194-196]. 

A Tilt. 

L. 24. Westminster Palace, June 2, 1550. John Earl of 
Bedford [i.e. John Lord Russell (see L. 21), created Earl of 
Bedford Jan. 9, 1550] requests the Mayor &c. not to ask 
more than 205. or 40s. a year for a "tilte" proposed to be 
erected on Southernhay " according to the request of the 
gentlemen inhabiting thereabouts nighe to your citie for 
honest recreation, pastyme and sporte and the good exercise 
and other feats at armes, a thing not onely most necessary 
to be frequented and used, but also many wayes commodious 
to thole citie." Signed " J. Bedford," and endorsed : ' To 
my veary loving f rends the Maior and his brethern of the 
Citie of Excestor." [Printed in Cotton, p. 193.] 

Sir Peter Carew. 

L. 25. Mohuns Oterie [i.e. Mohams Ottery], June 4, 1550. 
Sir Peter Carew [who had lately been appointed to assist the 
Mayor, see L. 20] recommends Mr. Sture to the mayor &c. 
" to serve them as a continuall counsaillor." Signed "P. 
Careu." [Printed in Cotton, p. 192.] 

For a letter from Sir Peter Carew dated Mohams Oterey 
Nov. 3, 1563, see L. 68, in which he calls on the Bishop of 
Exeter to inquire about the conduct of John Parker, of the 
parish of Lupytte [i.e. Luppitt, near Honiton] for his " naughty 
and frowarde dealinges towardes his wief." 

L. 69 is a letter from W. Bishop of Exeter to the Mayor &c. 
enclosing L. 68, and desiring them to imprison the said Parker, 
who has fled to the city. " He hath almoste killed his wiff 
diverse and sondrie tymes " and " hathe benne at no churche 
almost these xij monthes and regardethe neither God nor 
manne." 

Exe Island. 

L. 26. Westminster, Dec. 7, 1550. The Lords of the 
Council declare the King's intention to grant to the city the 
manor of Exe Island, " which with other commodities 
extendeth nere the yerly value of 301., the same as they say 
havyn theruppon certayne mylles and adionyng to the Towne- 
walles." Words are to be inserted conveying the ancient 
right of cutting timber in Cotley and Pirage Woods for the 
repair of mills and " wares." " In the ende we pray you that 
this booke may have and conteyne sufficient considerations 
for their servyces done in the seid Rebellion [see L. 20], to 
the intent the same may be a memorie to the posteritie of 
that cetie to cause them retayne the awncient fayth and dutie 
to ther soveraigne lord." Signed " Your lovyng ffrends, 



25 

E. Somset, T. Cant, J. Bedford, W. North, C. Clynton, T. Ely, 
William Pagett, T. Cheyne and others." The paper has the 
same watermark (i.e. a hand and star) as in L. 24. 

For the actual grant, dated Dec. 22, 1550, see Charter 
No. XXXVI ; Oliver, pp. 98, 286. 

For timber out of Cotley Wood required by the Chamber 
for repair of the wear in Exiland, see D. 1690(&), temp. 
Elizabeth. 

William Hurst. 

L. 28 [s.a.]. Note of expenses of William Hurst,* 
apparently for his expenses in obtaining a Charter [? Charter 
No. XXXIV, Feb. 24, 1549]. 

For hys days at ye p'lement for xxxvij days at 2s. the 
day, 31 14s. 

To Mr. Roberd Chydeley for hys consell and laboure, 7s. 6d. 

Item to Mr. Hrauncke of ye Exchequer for coppyng owte 
of one Chartter, 12s. 6d. 

Item payd more to the Clarke and to the s'gant of ye 
p'lement, 2s. 

Item more I vas att London and upewards and downewards 
44 days, Jan. 14th till March 1st. 

I juge Irede owte of. ... 

The Fishing of the Exe. 

L. 29. London, July 10 [s.a.]. Giulio Borgaruceif to 
Rooert Hunte and other his farmers of the water of Exe, 
ordering them to pay to the Mayor the rent for the fishing of 
the water of Exe, which has passed to the city by the 
grant of Exe Island. See L. 26. [Printed in Cotton, p. 194.] 

In D. 1387 is a lease (Oct. 18, 1518) from Harry Swete, 
sergeant-at-arms, bailiff of the manor of Exilond and Richawde 
his wife to John Thomas, of Exeter, fyssher, of a moiety of the 
fishing of the water of Exe at a rental of 7Z. 10s. and 4 
" samons," reserving to " the Countesse of Devonsher and 
my Lord Harry Courteney, Erie of Devonsher " and their 
heirs yearly " as many samons as to theym shall be nedefull att 
all tymes when they shalbe askyd and requyred, paying for every 
samon ijs. iiijd.," and for Harry Strete and his wife 3 salmons 
in Lent and as many as they wish, paying 20o". for each. 

In D. 1580, May 23, 1575, is a bond given by the farmers 
of the water of Exon that they shall not fish in the water of 
Exe with " anye trannell or trammelles, nett or nettes at the 
mill taylls, brookes, willoes, spearts, kyddels or with anie 
other nett or ingen whatsoever except from July 22nd to 
Nov. 1st, and that onlye at the mill tayle with brooke or layer 
nett for eles and for no other fysshe." 

* He was M.P. for Exeter in 1539 and 1545, and Mayor in 1545, 1551. 
For his Portrait, see Cotton, Guild, 37. 

t He was appointed Court physician Feb. 21, 1573. 



26 

In D. 1647(a), Jan., 1588, are instructions for Mr. George 
Smyth and Mr. Thomas Spicer to deal for the fishing of 
Exe to be procured by copy from my Lord* and Lady 
Countess of Warwick to the use of the Mayor &c., with 
signature " Jo. Peryam " on each sheet. 

In D. 1660, Feb. 16, 1592, is a lease of "the fyshinge for 
salmons in the ryver or water of Exe (the New Haven excepted), 
granted by the Chamber to Elizabeth Denys and John 
Aulsoppe of St. David's for 5 years at a yearly rental of 44Z." 
Seealso~D. 1683a(Sept. 20, 1598) ; D. 1685 (Sept. 20, 1599), where 
eight salmon are reserved to the farmer of the Haven, Thomas 
Pope, and eight for the Mayor, with a proviso not to fish 
with nets or engines in the new work or Haven ; D. 1737, 
(March 31, 1620), where it is called " the piscarie " ; D. 1758, 
(Dec. 17, 1639), which refers to the fishing in the manor of 
Exiland with permission to erect a mill and wear and make 
a leat near the salmon-house at the end of the Bonhay ; 
D. 1762 (Jan. 7, 1646), with liberty to dry nets and moor 
boats on the Bonhay. 

L. 337. July 19, 1630, Bishop Hall and others write to 
the Chamber : 

Mr. Mayor and the rest of your worthy Societie. 

In obedience to the reference and that a period maie bee 
sett unto the difference after soe many meetings, charge and 
trouble, reason guiding our conscience both our affection to 
present unto you these our opinions before wee make our 
certificate. 

That the Landresses have libertie without molestacion to 
wassche and blanche their clothes on that parcell of ground 
in difference as accustomed. 

That the inheritance of the parcell of ground in difference 
(as farr as the olde gate and barres stoode) is as wee conclude 
by the evidence wee have heard and scene properlie 
Mr. Livermores. 

That in reguard hereof and that the Leate has its first current 
through his land and maie happilie some tyme bee some 
hindraunce unto him both by fretting awaie his land and by 
hindringe his cattle from convenient wateringe it's not thought 
amisse that the Cittie doe geeve unto Mr. Livermore some 
reasonable consideration as twoe shillings sixe pence yeerlie 
both for those yeares past since the settinge upp of this newe 
weare and soe yearlie for ever. 

That the Cittie doe cause a passable waye to be made for 
Mr. Livermore's cattell unto his grounde adioyninge. This 
stands in our account as reason if soe, or not soe in yours, 

* i.e. Ambrose Dudley, who married Anne Russell, daughter of Francis 
2nd Earl of Bedford. 



27 

a speedie answeare is expected by your ffreindes, Jos. Exon, 
John Davie, J. Bamfylde, Jo. Northcot. 

In L. 338 is a fragment of a letter on the same subject. 

In L. 415, Dec. 3, 1657, is a receipt by John Copleston 
from the Chamber for I2d. for fastening a wear on his land at 
Upton Pyne. [See L. 106.] 

For extent of the water of Exe from the ferry at Checkston 
to Cowley Bridge, see Misc. Rolls 3 (xvii), 91. 

The New Haven or Watercourse. 

L. 30. Westminster, Nov. 12, 1551. [John] Earl of Bedford 
writes to the Mayor, William Hurst, and seven others that 
the citizens of Exeter " have disbursed by your own voluntary 
wills good somes of money, the like whereof all the Realme 
cannot compare withe your and the expenses of any one 
corporation besides yourselves, albeit by reason of the late 
bruite of forged monyes divers of the worshipfulls of thos 
parts have withholden from you ther good wills." He is 
" not a litel gladd to here that your havon goeth so well 
forward as it dothe," and exhorts all persons to give aid to 
the work " seeing the contributors shall have in short space 
so much benefite me think it should greatly encourage and 
move them to stick at nothing." 

In Act Book, II, /. 54, March 28, 1543, the Chamber agree 
for the performans of the Havyn of Ex and that ffoure members 
schal be appoynted to take the charge of the settyng ffourthe 
of the worke. 

In Act Book, II, /. 1156, June 6, 1551. That Mr. Mayor 
and Mr. Blakcaller shall have full powere to concluyd with 
Mr. Hullond for his estate of his mylls and all the commoditie 
and profite perteynyng to the same and such conclusion as 
they shall take with the seid Mr. Hullond shall be performyd 
by the hole body of the cetie and lykwise to take order with 
the tenants of the grounde whither the Rever of Exe shall 
have his course and for the sale of the Okes that do growe 
uppon the course and all othyr thyngs concernyng the seid 
water course. 

In Act Book, IV, ff. 42, 45, Oct. 27, 1560, William Strode 
[or Stroode, Archceologia, xxviii, 17] agrees to make a haven 
to be completed in ten years at a cost not exceeding 1,000/. 

In L. 61, Plympton, April 16, 1562, William Strode asks 
the Chamber for an answer to his offer " to make a reasonabell 
bargeyn for makyng of the haven," as he perceives that they 
" have no corage towards the same, for it wylbe to great and 
costlye a work for so olde a man and pore as I am to make 
it alone. . . . and seying that I have byn a long talker of the 



28 

matter . . . and that knowen to many persons, therefore 
thys now I offer to make it 301 X yeres so that I wyll 
unlade a bote of iiij ton apon your owne lande by the water 
gate." by your ffrynd, W. Strode. 

In L. 62, April 18, 1562, the Chamber reply that "We 
do most desire the furtherance of the worke and therefore 
on our parts we dyd most gladlye condiscend and agree to 
certeyn articles, betwene us agreed from which if you had varied 
we wolde have taken the same for a full determination and 
conclusion," but now if he will stand to his offer and the 
conditions agreed on they will be content to accept it and 
desire to know his determination that they may make 
preparation for the work. 

Endorsed : "To the Right Worshipfull Mr. Willm. Stroode 
of Newnham, Esquier, geve this with speed." 

In D. 1528a, Sept. 21, 1563, is an agreement whereby John 
Trew of Cardiff covenants to make the river Exe navigable 
from Exmouth to the water-gate for vessels " of a convenyent 
and reasonable tyght of 8 or 10 tunes." The Mayor &c. are 
to find 100 loads of timber and all necessary stone at a 
convenient quarry, Trew paying the carriage to the works. 
The Mayor &c. are to buy the necessary land and Trew is 
to have a lease of the Haven for 99 years and an annual rent 
of 131. 6s. 8d. and 200Z. in money. Signed " By me John 
Trew." [See Archceologia, xxviii, 17 ; Oliver, 249.] 

For covenants made with Trew, Sept. 21, 1563, and rates 
for passing the work, see Act Book, IV, ff. 139, 141. For his 
receipt for 251. for 100 loads of timber, see D. 1535, July 20, 
1564. Also for 200Z., see D. 1536, Aug. 14, 1564. [For his 
work begun in Feb., 1564, and completed in 1567, see 
Oliver, 256.] 

D. 1534, June 6, 1564, refers to the purchase of an acre of 
land called Honiton Meads in the parish of Exminster for 
the digging of the Haven. 

In D. 1541, March 20, 1567, about nine acres of land in 
the parish of Alphington "lately digged, bancked and cast 
up for a watercourse " are leased to the Mayor &c. at the 
request of William [Paulet] Marquis of Winchester, Lord 
Treasurer of England. For land in the parishes of Exminster 
and St. Thomas without the Westgate, " of late appoynted, 
dygged, bancked, moyned, trenched, wrought, specially banded 
and cast up or measured for the new watercourse," which 
extends from St. Leonard's to a place beneath Bole Poole 
(or Bolland D. 1547), called old Exe, see D. 1542, 1544, 
(March 20, 28, 1567) ; D. 1549 (June 10, 1567) ; D. 1562, 
(Jan. 30, 1571) ; D. 1557 (Oct. 23, 1568), which mentions 
" the new wear made by John Trewe." [For a dispute with 



29 

Trew see Archceologia, xxviii, 24, with letter dated June 18, 
1565, from the Council in London on the subject, see Acts 
of Privy Council, vii, 222.] 

In L. 74, London, May 31, 1566, Geoffrey Tothill, Recorder 
of Exeter, writes to the Mayor respecting the proceedings 
in Trew's matter. 

In D. 298, June 1, 1566, the Chamber enter into a bond 
with John Trewe for payment of 200Z. to him in two instalments 
for 100?., of which he gives a receipt in L. 75 (dated Sept. 25, 
1566). 

In D. 1572, Sept. 11, 1573, "John Trewe of Alphington, 
gentleman," receives an annuity of 30Z. for 30 years, also 229Z.* 
in D. 1577 (Sept. 6, 1574), for all his interest in " the new 
Haven or Watercourse." 

In D. 1578, Sept. 24, 1574, is the final settlement with 
" John Trewe of Alphington," who " did make the new Haven 
from Topsham Key to Exeter," with his signature : "by me 
John Trewe." 

In D. 1614, Sept. 20, 1582, the " New Haven House " in the 
parish of Alphington and all the pasture on the banks of the 
New Haven lately occupied by John Trewe from a bridge at 
the end of the old Exe to a " rayle " at the lower end of 
Collyns Marsh are leased for 20 years to Richard Hussey, 
carpenter, on condition that he shall do all the carpenter's 
work and keep the Haven repaired and filled with water. 

In D. 1622, Sept. 18, 1583, the " Porte or Haven of the 
Citye of Exeter " includes Exmouth, Cockwood, Kenton, 
" Colepole " [? Bole Poole], Powderham, Lymson (i.e. Lymp- 
stone), Tyngmouth (i.e. Teignmouth), Dawlish, and all the 
creeks reputed to be parcel of the said Port, called " the Port 
of Exeter and Creeks of the same " in D. 1789, May 31, 1692. 

In D. 1781, March 21, 1681, Rushmarsh, in the parish of 
Exminster, forms part of the Haven, also land in the parish 
of Alphington, D. 1807a (Dec. 16, 1704) ; also Round Marsh 
in Exminster, Shilleys in Topsham, Exmouth meadows and 
Northam meadow, D. 1823 (July 5, 1720) ; D. 1832 (June 7, 
1729). 

L. 81. Undated, but 1 588. f Petition of the Mayor &c. 
addressed to Lord Burghley as follows : In moste humble wise 

* Called 2241. in Oliver, p. 267. 

t This letter is proved to belong to 1588 by an entry in Act Book, IV, 
f. 281 b., showing that on May 2, 1588, it was agreed that Mr. John Sumpforde 
shall be sent to London with letters to the Lords of Councell and the Lord 
Treasurer, 



30 

besecheth your honour, the Mayor, Bayliffs and Commonaltie 
of the citie of Exceter, That whereas, the matter in varyance 
dependinge before your Lordshippe in the exchequer Chamber 
betwene the Towne of Appisham alias Toppisham and the said 
Cytie of Exeter was on thursdaie laste harde in your Lorde- 
shippes absence and upon the hearinge of the same, the whole 
matter rested upon the exposicion of the statute of Anno primo 
of the Quenes majestic that nowe is, which was referred to 
the L. cheif baron and other the Barons of the said Courte 
to consider thereof, untill the nexte sittinge in the same Courte. 
And thereupon the fynall order of the whole cause was referred 
unto your honour's determynacion fforasmuche as your said 
Orators have ben at greate costs and charges to bringe their 
doings to passe, to the value of mmm". or more which daylie 
increaseth upon them besides xlv 1 '. a yere which they stande 
charged to paye to the workemaster of that worke and 
the lords of the Soyle, and xx n . yerelie for ever to be 
paid to her Majestic for ther free passage within the same 
River, which they have contynually had, used, and enioyed, 
by the space of twelve yeres now laste paste without inter- 
rupcion, And for that the accomplishement of your orators 
sute can be no hinderaunce to her Majesty, but contrarilie will 
augmente her highenes customes verie muche as is duelie 
to be proved, And allso for that they have allwayes soughte 
to come to some reasonable agreamente with the Quenes 
ffermo r of Tappisham, with whome they had ones fullye 
concluded, but after by secreate meanes were supplanted 
Your saide Orators doe therefore moste humblie beseche your 
good L. to stand ther good Lorde concerninge the premisses 
as farre forthe as your honour maye with equittye and justice. 
And your said orators and all the inhabytauntes of the saide 
Cytie shall daylie praye for the preservacion of your honorable 
estate in healthe and prosperytie longe to contynue and 
endure. 

L. 155 has a memorandum relating to the breaking down 
of Calabeer Wear and Trew's Wear by blocks of ice in 1608. 
[See No. XLIV, page 7.] 

In Act Book, IV, /. 288, July 3, 1588, the Chamber agree 
that where there is presentlie to be used one hundred pounds 
for the repayring of the Haven and the same cannot be paid 
by the Recey ver of the Cytie as the same hath been used that 
for the ease of the said Receyuer the cytie by there Common 
Scale shall become bounde unto William Martyn in the sume 
of Two Hundred poundes with condicion to paye unto hym 
one Hundred and Tenne poundes at thende of one yere and 
in consideracion thereof the said William Martyn agreeth to 
procure one hundred poundes to be bestowed presentlie 
upon the reparacion of the said Haven and to deliver his 
Bande for the payement of the said hundred pounds to such 
person or persons from whom he shall procure the same. 



31 

And it is agreed that yf the cytie do not paye unto the said 
William Martyn the said one Hundred and Tenne poundes 
at the daye then without any daunger he maie put the said 
Bande in Suyte and take to hymself the advantage thereof.* 

In L. 394, Oct. 18, 1647, Jasper Radcliffe notifies that the 
Haven banks are exceedingly ruined. 

In L. 445, dated Combe, Aug. 19, 1696, John Angerf writes 
to Thomas Wheadon that he has heard that the citizens do 
intend to have the river between Exeter and Topsham made 
navigable and offers to undertake the work. 

In Act Book, 13, /. 1016, on Jan. 12, 1697, " It is ye opinion 
of this Chamber that it wilbe for ye citie's advantage to make 
ye River of Exe navigable for shipps of one hundred Tunn 
come to ye Key of the said city and for the speedy and better 
effecting of this worke they have appointed a Committee 
to receive such offers and proposals as are made by any 
persons that are willing to undertake the same and to make 
report thereof to the Chamber." 

D. 1797a, Dec. 10, 1698, contains an agreement with William 
Bayly of Winchester, gentleman, for the making of the Haven 
and Canal. See Oliver, p. 257, who made many extracts on 
this subject in his Calendar from Act Book, 13, which he called 
Book, XI. These extracts refer chiefly to the years 1697- 
1699, e.g. in /. 1246. (May 31, 1699), it is ordered that " the 
poor workemen who worked upon the new workes and to 
whom Mr. Bayly, the Engeneare, who is lately fled, was 
indebted for their Labour be paid every of them 2s. as a free 
guifte from the Chamber and that they bee imployed in 
digging of the newe Cutt or worke two foot deeper. On 
/. 132 (Nov. 23, 1699), it is ordered that noe more worke 
bee done upon the newe workes except it bee about the securing 
of the ware and Bay until further order from the Chamber. 
On /. 1336 (Jan. 8, 1670) it is ordered that an Act of Parliament 
to raise money for perfecting the worke and making the river 
of Exe navigable from the high sea to this Citty bee endeavoured 
to be procured as soon as possible it may bee done." 

In L. 451, Nov. 11, 1699, the Chamber pray the Duke of 
Ormonde [High Steward of Exeter, Izacke, 191] and 
Sir Edward Seymour [Recorder and M.P. for Exeter in 1698, 
1701] to present a petition to the King for assistance in making 
the river navigable. This petition is contained in L. 452 
(Nov. 12, 1699). 

* For this transcript I am indebted to Misses A. M. Shorto and A. J. 
Walker, 
f or Auger. 



32 

In L. 454, Dec. 16, 1699, William Simon [or Symons, in 
L. 465, where he asks Samuel Izacke, the Chamberlain, for 
payment of his account] sends information that the Duke of 
Ormond will present the petition to the King. 

In L. 453 (undated) are two copies of a petition from the 
Chamber to the House of Commons for leave to bring in a 
bill to raise money to complete the Haven. [For contents see 
Oliver, p. 258, showing that the city had already spent 21,OOOJ. 
on the work and will require 10,000?. more and that if the said 
works be not completed it will be the ruin of this city.] 

D. 1811, March 25, 1706, shows that 10 acres of land in the 
manor of Alphington have been acquired by the Mayor &c. 
to enlarge the Haven. 

D. 1816, March 24, 1709, has a settlement of certain 
controversies regarding the soil of the Haven and Canal near 
the Lower Sluice. 

In L. 474, Aug. 25, 1715, James Rodd, Esquire, petitions 
Sir Littleton Powys and Sir Robert Eyre, Justices of Assize 
for the Western Circuit, praying for satisfaction from the 
Chamber for destroying his land in Round Marsh by digging 
of the Haven. 

In D. 1824, Aug. 9, 1720, are agreements between the 
Mayor &c. and two grocers of Exeter for bringing lime-stone 
for burning into lime through the Haven free of rates and 
duties. Also in D. 1830 (March 21, 1727), where the lime kiln 
is on St. Leonard's Downe. 

In D. 1858, Nov. 10, 1819, is a similar agreement for bringing 
lime stone and culm through the canal. 

In Act Book 13, Dec. 22, 1724, and Jan. 5, 1725,* 
Lord Walpole, Chief Justice King and the Archbishop of York 
are to be invited to the " opening of the Port." 

L. 518, circ. 1750 ?, contains suggested alterations in the 
rate of charges for the Haven as keyage, lighterage, &c. 

Parliament of 7 Edward VI, 1553. 

L. 31. March 1, 1553. Remembrances for the Parliament 
[probably by Richard Prestwood]. 

I. To make suyte for the geyft of the plate as well for that 
is gevyn already to the havyn by the parishenners [see 
Inventories 3], as also for the resudye of the hole plate of the 
parisshes and Seynt Peter with all the belles withyn the countye 
of the cetie of Exeter [see L. 20]. 

* Called Pec. 27th and Jan. 3rd respectively in Oliver, p. 261. 



33 

Item to speke to Mr. Cicell* for the Blake roll which Griffyn 
[i.e. Griffith Ameredith, see page 22, L. 27] leyft in his custody, 
[Izacke, 95; Oliver, 87, 309]. 

Item to have with me the recordes for the havyn whereof 
was the cause first of the distruccion of the havyn [i.e. temp., 
Edward I, Archceologia, xxviii, 7 ; Oliver, 249]. 

Item to speke with Mr. Duke [? Duke of Somerset or 
Northumberland] for his tenants of Syon.f 

Item to delyver to my Lord Prevy Seall [i.e. John Earl of 
Bedford from Aug. 21, 1547, to July 6, 1553] a Tonn of Gascon 
wyne. 

Item to make request for Cokes towards the havyn in 
consideraunce that it shalbe best awerdes for the defens of the 
Kyngs lands ayenst Exmyster marshes. 

Item for to sue for the pencon of 505. for Exbridge to 
purchas the same to the use of the citie if answer shall s've 
att c with gersum. 

Item to sett forth the Recognysance of Acton Burnell and 
Statute Merchant and the Courte of pipowders. [Side note : 
M for Chester, A iij, Edward VI.] 

Item a Statute of Attaynt uppon false vdite as London 
is with lyke, re Indenture by the Aldermen of Exeter, as 
London is the Jure to worth in value in goods A above A 
regis Henry VII, 11 and 16. 

Item that if any bill be putt yn the parliament for bells, plate 
or ornaments of the churches then to cause ffrends to be made 
to have all the plate, bells and ornaments within the countie 
of Exeter towards the reparacon and makyn the newe havyn 
or at least to have a proviso for that is gevyn by the parishes 
to the havyn. 

Item to putt in remembrance the prisage wyne as London 
hath if it be convenyent to be hadd for the cetie. 

Item to speke with the Burgs (? burgesses) of Powle, 
Hampton and Bristowe that they will not allow us free with 
them ffor Custome. 

Item to make a letter to my Lord privy scale in the favor 
of the Citie anseryng his frendshipp to the havyn &c. [See 
L. 30, page 27.] 

Item more that ther be no forryner to seyll any clothe 
withyn thys counte but only the vyssiters and awnagers of the 
same counte of Exeter, and to knowe how they use ther f orf eyts 
of the cloyth nott made according to the Statute. 

Item more to have a perflyt knowlyge what the &c. 
hath valew of the bells and platte of the counte of Exeter 
whereby to know the sertynte therof. 

* i.e. William Cecil, Secretary to Protector Somerset, Sept., 1548 ; made 
a Secretary of State Oct. 5, 1550, knighted Oct. 15, 1551. 

f Granted to Duke of Somerset, July 23, 1 547 ; Aungier, 92 ; also to John 
Dudley Duke of Northumberland, June 26, 1553 ; ibid. 94. For documents 
in Exeter relating to Syon, see Misc. Rolls, 80 ; Law Papers, 2,063. For the 
Charter of Syon, see Hooker's List. 

Wt. -20757. Ex 3 



34 

Item more to have in rememberance for a commen halle 
wheras all fforryners maye ressortt with ther marchandes 
to make stalles as it is in London in blackwyll hall and to 
conclude with Mr. Speke for his huse for that intent and to 
go therof for 87 yeres and 45s. att rent.* 

Item to have the copie of the plate gevyn by the parishes 
to the havyn. 

Item to send upp the platt of the havyn. 

Also payments att the parliament the ij Februarii an 
R.E. VI Septimo. 

Imprimis for the allowances of the writt, iiijs. 

Item to the Sergent for my parte, ijs. 

Item for the cariage of the pels, xs. 

Item for Mr. Ridgwaies is serch in the Chan'cy, ijs. viiid. 

Item for the cariage of my clothes and Buckes, xviijd. 

Item for Mr. Bucknam is supere with the allowances of 
ixs. u]d. 

Item for John Huntes parte [unfinished]. 

Martin Barbaunce. 

L. 32. London, Aug. 20, 1553. The Earl of Bedford 
intercedes with the Mayor &c. for one Martyn Barbaunce, who 
had been put out of possession of a piece of ground called 
Culver Park or Culver Haye by the Chamber, and prays 
that he may be reinstated so that he may not be compelled 
to seek relief elsewhere, which " wold not a littell sounde 
unto your diswurships in using such extreame dealings." 

The Prince of Piedmont. 

L. 33. Grenewich, [May] 17, 1553. The Earl of Bedford 
writes to the Mayor &c. : Whereas this gentilman the bearer 
herof servant unto the Prince of Pyemount,tone of the King's 
Majesties great friends hath bynne . . . about certeyn his 
maisters especiall aff . . . And having his full dispatches 
intendeth to ... presently into the parties of Spayne by pi' 
[? Plymouth] . . . theis shalbe therefore moste hartely to 
desire youe and everie of youe that at his arr ... at Exetter 
he maye be genteley enter[tained] and frendly used in all 
things whereof he shall have nede or any of his compan . . . 
and that you will see hym well lod . . . wherein I praye 
you use suche curteou . . . behaviour towards hym as your 
doings may . . . sounde to the King's Majesties honour the 
con . . . tion of the gentilman and the sat ... of me in 
that good opynyon which I have conceaved of your freindships 

* In Act Book, I, /. 137 (Feb. 21, 1553) the Chamber had resolved : That 
there schalbe provyded and ordeyned at the common charge of the citie 
a house convenyent to the whyche all merchant strangers and fforeners 
comynge to the said citie with lynnynge cloth or wollyn cloyth here to be 
byth and solde shall be bryth to the said house and their to be solde and 
yn no nother place yn the said citie. 

t T Emmanuel Philibert Count of Piedmont, a suitor for the hand of 
Queen Mary. He invested Therouanne with Imperial troops, April 15, 1553. 



35 

to be extend ... in this behalfe the Rather at my desy . . d 
me for your gentilnes to be shewed herin you shall fynde 
me ready at all tymes to shewe you any pleaser I may . . . 
so I byd you fare well ffrom . . . Court at Grenewich the 
xvijth of ... Anno 1553. Your loving frend, J. Bedford. 

Expected Arrival of Philip. 

L. 34. Santiago di Compostella, June 26, 1554. [John] 
Earl of Bedford desires the Mayor &c. to prepare to receive 
the Prince of Spain, who was shortly to sail for England. 
As the Prince* " can veary hardlye endure long travayle 
uppon the Sea " he may land at Falmouth or Plymouth, and 
they are to prepare to receive him " as maye be for the honor 
of the Quenes Majestic and the Realme and that he maye 
thinke hymself welcome into the countrey." The Bishop's 
house is to be made ready for him "to lie there yf he shall 
fortune to lande in the West parties " and " that you provyde 
some good thinges to present the Prince withall at his comyng. 
And that you provide all suche other thinges as lodginge, 
vytayles, horses for carriages and horses to convey the Prince's 
trayne, being about four or five hundreth besides two hundreth 
that cometh with me as you shall be best hable to the utter- 
most of your powers." [Printed in Cotton, Gleanings, 194 ; 
see also L. 4, supra.] 

Masters of Defence. 

L. 35. Aug. 15, 1555. Printed copy of Letters Patent, 
20 July, 32 Henry VIII [1540], granting to Peter Beste and 
19 othersf licence to practise their said arts and to apprehend 
all others who shall pretend to teach the same. The document, 
which is torn at the edge, begins : " Forasmuche as diverse 
. . . scolers of the sayde science nothinge or lytle regarding 
their othes made and receyved of theyr ... at their first 
entringe to lerne their sayde science ne the daunger and perilles 
of dampnacion . . . oone soules for the wilfull breakinge 
of the sayde othe. For their owne singular lucre and 
ad . . . ge onely of their unsaciable covetouse mindes without 
any sufficient lycence or lawfull auctoritie . . . pteously 
contrary to their sayde othes made to the maisters or provostes 
of the sayde science . . . not onely have resorted and devided 
themselves into every contry and parties of this our Realme 
of England from towne to towne and place to place, but also 
have kepte open scoles and taken great sommes of money 
for their labours &c. 

Loss of Calais. 

L. 36. Jan. 2, 1558. W[illiam Paulet, Marquis of] Win- 
chester and W. [Lord] Howard [of Effingham, Lord Admiral] 

* With whom the Earl had an audience at Santiago on June 24, 1554. 
Eng. Hist. Rev., VII, 263. 

t For their names, viz., nine of them " Masters of the Science of Defence," 
and the rest " Provosts of the same Science," see Letters and Papers, XV, 477- 



36 

write to the Mayor of Exeter and the Customers, Con- 
trollers and Searchers of the Port : " After righte hartey 
commendacions the Quenes Majestic callinge to remembrance 
the great victory and f . . . hand the King's highenes hathe 
uppon his enemy the frenche Kinge mynding by the helpe 
of God the continoance of the same and increse hath by 
thadvice of the Lordes of her Councell commanded me to 
write unto you and all other that make adventure upon her 
Majesty's enemy the French King by the see that they shall 
goo togethers in good strenghe hable to annoye thenemy and 
defende themselves wherein consiste the great honour, welthe 
and surety for the which we be all most bound to her grace. "- 
Signed, "Winchester," " W. Howard." 

[In bad condition. Endorsed : " Reed, of Mr. toker of 
Colhmpton, the xiijth of January."] 

L. 37. Jan. 7, 1558. The Marquis of Winchester to the 
same. "After my righte herte commendacons you shall under- 
stande that Risebanke and Newnam Bridge be taken* and 
Callice seaged which was never seane syns the first wynnyng 
and therefore may not be suffered for honour to the Prynce 
and Realme nor yet for comodyty that thereby growethe 
daly to the Realme for the Succors whereof there is appoynted 
a great bande of men to be sent fourthe with all speade besyde 
them that be allredy gon to defende the seage, prainge you 
hartely in the Quene's behalf to make reddy as many shippes as 
you can with speade doble manned and well appoynted and 
victelled and sende to my 1' Admyral [i.e. Lord Howard of 
Effingham] to the . . . w [? narrow] sees where you shall 
fynde hym with appoe . . . kepynge the passage which 
dilligent doinge shalbe more worthe to the Quenes Majestic 
and the Realme than any treasure you coulde gyve thank 
and the ... as lovyng subjects showe yourselves, as I doute 
nott but you wold do for honor to the Kinge, Quene and Realme 
and defence of the same which had never suche an iniury 
offered unto them syns Edward the thirds tyme, thus fare 
you wel, wryten this viith of January, 1557 let your venturers 
be parte of your nomber. Your lovinge frende, Winchester." 

L. 38 is a copy of L. 37, both being badly injured in the 
latter portion. 

L. 39. Jan. 8, 1558. The same to the same. I comende 
me hertely to you and so advertise you that the Quenes 
Majestys pleasure is that all the shippes within your porte 
and commynge to your porte be stayed within the same 
with there masters and marryners unto such tyme as 
you shall know furder the Quene's pleasure whereof fayel 
you not I pray you as you wil aunswere the Quenes Majesti 
at your perilles thus fare you wel ; written the viijth of January, 

* i.e. on Jan. 3, 1568 ; Hardwicke Papers, i, 112, 113 ; Cal. Venetian, VI, iii, 
1124-6. 



37 

1557, and hast your shippes to dale as fast as you can possible 
your lovinge frend Winchester. 

{Endorsed : Re. of Mr. toker, Colmhmpton, the xiij of 
Januarye, hast, hast, post hast.] 

L. 40. Jan. 11, 1558. John Peter, Mayor of Exeter, and 
John Petre, Customer, to " all maiors, Bayliffs, Constables 
and other the Kynges and Quenes Maiesties officers and 
mynysters to whome these shall appertayn." For as mych the 
Kynge and Quenez Majesties letters of great ymportance 
[L. 37, 38] are to be sent yn to the severall ports in this west 
parts for spedy delyveryng of the same wee have sent this Berer 
with all hast accordynge to the tenure therof Requyryng you 
and eny of you to whome these present shall come to assiste 
and ayde this seid berer therof as well with horses and other 
necessaries as you wil awnswere to the contrarye to your 
utmost perelle. Dated at Exet the xith day of January, 1557, 
John Peter, Mayor of Exon', John Petre, Custom'. 

[Endorsed : " Hast, hast, post hast, for thi lyff, and for thi 
lyff post hast."] 

L. 41. Jan. 13, 1558. Mayor of Exeter &c. reply " to the 
Right honourable and our very good lord the Lord of Wynches- 
ter." May hit please your honour that wee have recevydyour 
letteres the xi of January dated the vijth of the same [L. 37, 38] 
and understand therby the great myshappe to the Kings 
and Quenes Majesties and to the hole Realme conserning 
the takyng of ther graes peec beyond the sees by the 
ffrenchemen, the which all good Englyshmen have good 
cause to lament and to syke a restitucon therof to the utter- 
most of their poure. Albehit yet every man and good subiect 
must do as of right they may do and justifie. And therefore 
wee have thought good to advertise your honour that wher 
your letteres do require to be put in redynes and sent forthe 
oute of hand as many shippes as wee can duble mannyd, 
vitiled and well appoynted and to send them to the Lord 
Admyrall beynge no we yn the narrowe seas, ffor awnswere 
wherunto wee say that wee to oure possible pours be redy 
to do as good and ffaithfull subiects should do albehit ther 
is no man within this countie and cetie of Exeter that 
hath any shippes of his owen nor have any comysion to mell 
or take upp shipps, maryners, vyctuals, munycions or any 
other thynges appertaynyng to the shipps for the warris oute 
of oure owne countie and cetie, nor yet as wee thynke any 
marynners or any other person that hath vyctuall to be sold 
will give or delyver us any thing without speciall comyssion 
or my lord admyralls comyssion to take upp maryn's whereat 
wee have nothing to do within the countie of Devon. And 
besides this if wee should make request to have sum money 
lent to the ffurtherans of your hon'able requeste yet wee 
veryly suppose hit wilbe denyed bycause of very late and 

212738 



38 

nowe it is yn hand that a great number of men as well within 
the Cetie of Exeter as yn the countie of Devon do disburse 
to the Quene's Majestie by way of lone* a great masse of 
tresure. By reason wherof every mans excuse wilbe that 
ther is almost as ... leight amongst us. Wherfore wee 
besech your honor and as your wisedome shall thynke meyt 
to devise and write unto us what wee may and ought to do 
yn this behalf and ther uppon wee will oute of hand God 
willyng do as to oure duties and ffaithfulnys appertaynyth as 
cure lord knoweth whome we desyre to kepe your lordshipp 
in mych honor. Writen att' Exeter the xiijth of January, 1 557. 
Your lordshipp to command, the Mayor and his brethern of 
Exeter and the customer of the port of Exeter. 

Disordered. Soldiers. 

L. 42. Totnes, May 14 [s.a. ? 1558]. The Earl of Bedfordf 
commands the Mayor etc. to search for and apprehend the 
" dysorderyd sowders that returned home agayne from 
Brystowe under my Levetenaunte " as they are commanded 
to do by the Lords of the Council. Signed, Your lovynge 
nrend, F. Bedford. 

A Servant of Lord Howard of Effingham. 

L. 43. Tawestock [i.e. Tavistock], June 25, 1558. Francis 
Earl of Bedford requests the Mayor &c. to discharge the 
bearer, Mr. Morris, " servant to my very good lord the 
Lord William Howard," who " stands bound in a certaine 
sum for his apparaunce " before them. 

Endorsed : " To Mr. Peter, Maior " [i.e. John Peter, Mayor 
1557-1558], and "give this." 

/ 
The Marquis of Sara. 

L. 44. Tawestok [i.e. Tavistock], Aug. 4, 1558. Francis 
Earl of Bedford thanks the Mayor &c. for their diligence 
in forwarding his letters and the Lord Admiral's^ to the 
Lords of the Council ; adding : "I am let tunderstande 
from my Lords of the coming unto Exceter of the Marques of 
Sara, a nobleman of Spayne and in great favour both of the 
King's and Quene's Majesties, whome I praye you visyt in 
my name, having good respect both for the preparacion of 
his lodging and allso to geve hym intertainement by your 
oft visyting hym together with some of your bretherne." 

Endorsed : " geve this " and " Mr. Peter, Maior." 

* i.e. since Oct. 6, 1556, Acts of Privy Council, VI, p. 6 and passim. 

t i.e. Frances Kussell, 2nd Earl, from March 14, 1655, to July 25, 1585, 
Lord Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter (L. 50), and Dorset from March 14 to 
Nov. 10, 1558, and May 15 to Oct. 15, 1559. 

t Edward Lord Clinton appointed Lord Admiral on Feb. 13, 1558. 
D. N. B., XI, 92. 

sic in document, but possibly the Marquis of Feria, who afterwards 
married Jane Dormer. He was in England on Feb. 2, 1558, Cal. Fen., VI, 
iii, 1041, and at Arras on Sept. 26, 1558, Cal. For., pp. 393, 644, where he is 
" agreeable to his Majesty [t.e. Philip] and in great favour with the Queen " 
[Mary]. 



39 

L. 45. Tawestock, Aug. 5, 1558. [Francis] Earl of Bedford 
has sent his servant James More to the Mayor to know when 
the Marquis of Sara [see L. 44] is coming to Exeter. 

Endorsed : " geve this." 

Non-Jurors. 

L. 46. From the Court, May 28, 1559. [Francis] Earl of 
Bedford writes to the Mayor and John Charles, Esquire 
[Recorder of Exeter], informing them that the pardons for 
the condemned persons in Exeter gaol* are ready and sealed 
" and lacke nothing but money to dyscharge the ffees thereof." 
The pardons are 13 in number and the fees 13s. 4d. each, 
which are only half fees, he having made interest with " the 
Keper of the Seale " to have the other half remitted. He 
prays him therefore to send up 81. 13s. 4d. " with as moche 
spede as may be that the poore men may enjoie therby ther 
lyffe and libertie that so good a deed be not slacked and so 
moche labour and travaille cast away as thereabout hath 
by dyvers bene bestowed." 

L. 47. Lyme, Oct. 15, 1559. John Juel [or Jewel] and 
Henry Parryf inform Mr. Gibbes [L. 19] and the Mayor and 
other the Commissioners that : " According to our order 
taken concernyng the recantation of the vicar of Bodmane we 
have hereinclosed sent the same commytting the due execution 
by hym to be done by your wisedomes " and praying them 
"to inform Sir John Chichester,J the Mayor of Bodmane 
and other the Commissioners at that towne how he hath 
behaved hymselfe in that behalfe requiringe them to see the 
like don by hym both in the Parishe Churche of Bodmane 
and other places." Signed : Your lovynge frends, Jo. Juel, 
Henry Parry. 

InD. 1602, Oct. 9, 1581, Wm. Colton, of Milverton (Somerset), 
gentleman, Henry Sotheron, of Exeter, gentleman, and John 
Bruyssheford, of Exeter, gentleman, give a bond in 200/. that 
the said William Colton shall not depart this realm, but shall 
remain at the dwelling house of the said Bruyssheford at 
Exeter, unless he be licensed by the Lords of the Privy Council 
to go to some other house " untyll he have conformed and 
yelded hymselfe unto the orders of relygion and for comyng 
and resortyng to dyvyne servyce established by Acte of 
Parlyament," his conformity to be notified by the Ordinary 
to the Council. He is not to admit or have access to any 
Jesuyt, massynge priest or semenary priest," &c. 

* Probably non-jurors, Bishop Turberville being at the time in prison 
at Exeter. 

t Both were appointed Commissioners for visitation of the Western 
Counties on July 19, 1559. They were in Exeter in Sept. 1559 (Oliver, 121) 
and back in London on Nov. 1, 1559 (Strype, Ann., i, 248). 

t For a letter from him to the Earl of Bedford, dated at Yollyston 
[? Yeovilton], Aug. 17, 1559, see Cat. Dom., 1547-1580, p. 136. 



40 

The Merchant Adventurers. 

L. 48. Jan. 25, 1560. The Oracion or Declaration which 
I, John Vowell alias Hoker, made by the apoyntement of 
Mr. Robert Mydwynter, Maior, unto the Commons of the 
Citie of Exon at the Guyldhall the xxvth of Januarie, 1559. 
[4 folios, begins: "My Masters the cause" ends "unto us 
all." Printed in Cotton, Guild, pp. 99-107. It refers to an 
order received from the Lords of the Council " for the 
appeasing of the late controversy " (see Izacke, 129) in con- 
nection with the incorporation of the Society of Merchant 
Adventurers. For petition of the Mayor (John Buller) and 
others for its incorporation, Dec. 8, 1558, see Cal. Dom. (1547- 
1580), p. 116. The grant of incorporation was withheld for 
further consideration on May 12, 1559 Ibid, p. 128. The 
Charter was finally granted on June 17, 1560, for text of it 
see Cotton, Guild, pp. 1-10 ; also in Book 51, /. 64, and Hooker's 
List, No. 13. For details of the dispute with the Tailors, see 
Book 185 ; Merchant Adventurers' Papers, A.D. 1558 to 1559 ; 
Hooker's List, Nos. 14-22.] 

In Act Book, II, /. 1646, June 26, 1558, the Chamber resolve 
that the Merchants of this City shall be incorporated and 
made a several company by the name of the Master and 
Wardens. 

In D. 1600, June 22, 1581, they are styled "the Governor, 
Consulls and Society of Merchant Adventurers of the City of 
Exeter trafyquing to the realm of France and the domynion 
of the French King." 

In D. 1687, Aug. 5, 1600, they contribute 101. p.a. towards the 
salary (501.) of Edmund Snape, D.D., appointed by the 
Chamber to be a preacher in Exeter (with the seal and arms 
of the Society). See also D. 1688 (Aug. 21, 1600), which 
contains the appointment of Edmund Snape by the Chamber 
and in which he is to preach twice on the Sabbath day, viz. at 
6 a.m. and in the afternoon (with his seal and initials " E.S.") 
Also D. 1688a (Aug. 31, 1600) with seals and signatures of 
John Peryam and Thomas Walker, who enter into a bond 
in 100Z. for payment of the salary. 

In L. 126, Whitehall, April 7, 1609, the Earl of Salisbury 
(Robert Cecil, High Steward of Exeter) informs the Mayor 
that His Majesty's Grocer has complained that the merchants 
of Exeter bringing fruits and other grocery wares into the 
port and creeks therunto adjoining (see p. 29) do refuse to 
pay for these commodities that composition which is due to 
His Majesty for the provision and service of his household. 
He therefore desires the Mayor to enquire into the matter 
and report to him the names of those who persist in refusing. 



41 

In L. 129. Whitehall, April 28, 1609, the Earl of Salisbury 
requests the Mayor to cause it to be known that the King 
desires to establish a Company of Merchants trading with 
France for the better governance of the trade and the keeping 
of the treaty made respecting it.* 

In D. 523, Oct. 20, 1616, John Peryam restricts his charity 
to " Merchants adventurers trafficking beyond the seas not 
being shopkeepers by Retail." 

In L. 268, Westminster, April 24, 1624, John Prouse informs 
the Mayor that he has attended to instructions both for the 
City and the Company of Merchants and has " possessed 
the House of Parliament with such thinges as most touch 
the merchants in burthen of their trade." 

In L. 373, Aug. 22, 1638, the Earl of Pembroke invites 
them to engage in the plantation of Tobago. 

In L. 14, Whitehall, Dec. 23, 1673, is a copy of a writ from 
Charles II requiring the Mayor and Aldermen of Exeter to 
cease from molesting Thomas Savery, a Merchant Adventurer 
who had " received many Losses and particularly in the last 
Dutch wars and being thus Impoverisht endeavoured to 
relieve his f amilly by keepinge shopp but that haveinge thus 
changed his way of trade hee is now molested and his goods 
taken wrongly by order of the magistrates of that city." 

In L. 439, 440, Jan. s.a, [1674], the Chamber write to the 
Speaker [Sir Edward Seymour], the Earl of Bath [John 
Grenville] and Mr. Secretary Coventry desiring to evade the 
above order as being against their customs, usages and 
privileges. [See Cotton, Guild, p. 7.] 

In L. 438, Jan. 9, 1674, the Mayor &c. write to Sir James 
Smithf acknowledging receipt of his letter of Dec. 8th last 
and request him to deliver the above letters (L. 439, 440) to 
the Earl of Bath, Mr. Speaker and Mr. Secretary Coventry. 

John Huntingdon. 

L. 49. London, Feb. 14, 1560. The Earl of Bedford 
recommends to the Mayor " this bearer my Chaplaine 

* i.e. the treaty with Louis XIII, signed in London, Aug. 19, 1610. Rymer, 
VII, 2, 171. For refusals to join the new Company from Tiverton (May 31, 
1609), Lyme Regis (Aug. 6, 1609) and Chard (Aug. 13, 1609), see Cal. Dom., 
1603-1610, pp. 516, 534, 535. For petition (Aug. 19, 1609) from Thomas 
Martin, who was Governor of the Merchant Adventurers' Guild of Exeter in 
1577 (Cotton, Guild, 40, 42) praying that their Charter might not be impaired 
by the proposed general charter for French trade see Cal. Dom., 1603- 
1610, p. 537. 

t He was one of the Sheriffs of London in 1672, in which year he was 
knighted. 



42 

Mr. Huntingdon,"* who is coming " into your parties to preache 
where he maye as I trust he shall do moche good with thes 
fewe lynes to testifie unto you his honestie, lerning and 
sufficiencie therunto. Trusting therefore that as the lacke 
is great of suche good workmen in God's harveste so ye will 
accordingly aide and assiste him in all things within your 
libertie and charge for the better setting forthe of God's 
truethe and the Quene's Majesties godly proceedings." 

Instructions by Francis Earl of Bedford. 

L. 50. 4, 1560 (the name of the month is lost, but it 

must be between April and November inclusive). " Instructions 
and orders Anno 2 Elyzabethe by me Fraunces Erie of Bedford, 
her Majesties lieutenaunt generall of her counties of Devon, 
Cornewall and her citie of Exeter and the countye of the 
same and leafte with the Maior and other the Justices of Pease 
of the said citie and countie to be exercised and used for the 
more advauncement of her Majesties service and quiete governe- 
ment of the said citie and countie accordingly." 

They are to appoint "four, three or two honest and 
discrete persons of every paryshe over and beside the Constable 
to thende that they very diligently may enquire and most 
truly certifie what defaulte they finde touching misdemeanours 
of any persone within their paryshe," and report them to 
the Mayor and Justices of the Peace, who are to meet for 
this purpose every three weeks and " punyshe the offenders 
(duely examined) by imprysonement or otherwyse according 
to your discretion and wysdome." 

Sixteen articles signed by the Earl ; the edges have been 
eaten away. At foot : Exr. et concordat cum originali, W. 
Page. Endorsed : Copia. Instructions given to the Citie of 
Exeter. 

Subsidies. 

L. 51. March 28, 1560. Marquis of Winchester [see L. 36] 
to the Mayor and Sheriff of Exeter : " After my hartie 
comendacons ye shall understand that the Citie of Exeter 
hath made no returne of their books of subsidy and therefore 
I have sent you herewith the Quene's proces praieng you to 
see the same dilligentlie served and the Commissions called 
in for retorne and the Collectors for payment. Wherein your 
service shalbe very acceptable for the Quene. ' ' Thus fare ye well, 
your loving frind, Winchester. 

[For further documents relating to subsidies see p. 10.] 

Letters from the Earl of Bedford. 

L. 52. Clyst, Sept. 14, 1560. Francis Earl of Bedford to 
the Mayor &c. : After my very hartie comendacons unto you 

* i.e. John Huntingdon, known as " The Preacher," Strype, Annals, i, 199. 
For his preaching in London, Aug. 30, Sept. 24, 1559, see, Strype, Grindal, 39. 
He was made a canon of Exeter on May 10, 1560. 



43 

forasmuche as I understand that at your next election of 
Receivers for your Citie of Exceter you minde to appoynte 
upon Bridgman* to furnishe one of those roumes who in my 
opinion for his habilitie is not so mete as many within your 
citie and being also somewhat trobeled about my affayres for 
this yere can not so well attend abowte that charge as you 
for the profite of your citie wolde wishe and is requisite for a 
man placed in that office. I shall thefore for the presente make 
my hartie request as well to you Mr. Maior as to the rest 
of your bretherne that you will for this time spare him and 
devise upon some other for the furniture of that place wherein 
ye shall doe him a greate "good turne and pleasure me also 
for the which I shall geve you my hartie thankes. Evenso I 
take my leave of you flrom my house at Clyste the xiiijth of 
this presente September, 1560. Your lovinge frende, 
F. Bedford." 

In L. 64, London, Nov. 30, 1562, the Earl of Bedford writes 
to the Mayor &c. that he has received an answer to his letter 
concerning the nomination of one of your burgesses, "and 
I thought I had for my goodwill towards you somewhat better 
deserved then in so triffeling a matter to have suche a repulse," 
adding " If Mr. Mallett do desire and obteyne the place I shalbe 
the better willing and so being lothe to trouble you I bid 
you farewell." 

In L. 71, Barwicke,f July 18, 1564, the Earl makes a similar 
request on behalf of Edward Bridgman who thro' his gret 
charge of children and familie is not able to susteyn " any 
office without his utter undoing in consideracion whereof 
and that he is my servaunt and hath also served my ffather." 

In L. 72, Cheynys, June 14, 1565, the Earl thanks the 
Mayor &c. for their compliance with his request and desires 
them to release the fine imposed upon Bridgman. 

[Endorsed : Reed. 1 July, 1565.] 

Abuses of Apparel. 

L. 53. May 7, 1562. Printed copy of a Proclamation { 
against the " monstrous abuses of apparell almost in all 
estates but principally in the meaner sort " and respecting the 
breeding and exporting of horses. " Imprinted at London 
in Powles Churchyarde by Rycharde Jugge and John Cawood, 
Printers to the Quenes Majestic." 

* Edward Bridgman, a bailiff in 1546, 1562. Izacke, 122, 130. 

f i.e. Berwick-on- Tweed, the Earl having been appointed Warden of the 
East March in Feb., 1564. 

J See Gal. Dom. (1547-1580), p. 199, with directions to London tailors 
and hosiers, May 9, 1562, ibid, p. 200. 



44 

The Guildhall. 

L. 54. July 12, 1561. Sir Robert Denys* to the Mayor 
and Aldermen : " After my verye hartie comendatons I ame 
enformyd that Henrye Redynge is mynded to leave the 
kepinge of your hall in Excetre wherein he now dwellethe yf 
hyt be so these are hartelye to desyre you to be so good masters 
to this berer, Rycharde Bartlett,f that he maye have his rome 
therein, whose appro vid trowthe, honestye and knowledge is 
suche as I doubt not but you shall fynde him a man meete 
for the same and as I shall fynde your ffryndshippes herein 
so shall I be more redye to gratefye you or any frende of yours 
when occasyon shall serve for your courtysie allready receyved 
whyche I maye not forgett and so do comytt you to God. 
Your assured frend, Robert Denys." 

In Act Book, X, /. 1746, March 10, 1663, it is agreed : "That 
the Guildhall shalbe neue repaired and the sealing in and above 
the same to be speedilie amended and whereas Mr. Isaac 
Maudict,J the elder, hath of late provided a faire brasse 
candlestick to be hung upp in the Guildhall, Mr. Receiver 
shalbe allowed uppon his Accompte of that he hath laid out 
about the said (sic)." [See Oliver, p. 208.] 

In Book 51, f. 269, Hoker has entered : Md. that this yere 
(i.e. 1330) the Guyldhall of the Citie of Excester was buylded. 

For repairs to the Guildhall in 1377, see T. Wright, 313. 

For una shopa juxta Praetorium Gialde in parte occidentali 
in 1303, see Misc. Roll 2 (28). 

The Chapel of St. George. 

In his will dated Jan. 20, 1489, Thomas Calewodeley or 
Calwoodley, who was* Mayor in 1467, 1480 and I486, required 
his executors to find a suitable chaplain to celebrate Divine 
Service every year in the Chapel of St. George the Martyr in 
Exeter. (Report on Charities, 147.) 

In Book 51, f. 3226 (anno 1484) this yere the fore parte of the 
Guyldhall and the Councell Chambre was of newe buylded 
by the citie. See Izacke, p. 93. 

Ibid, /. 323, anno 1486. This Thomas Calwodley (Mayor) 
was severe agaynst notoriouse and evell offenders and suche 
as escapid corporall punyshed payed for there redemption, 
which moneys he employed yn buylding of the fronte and 
chaple of the Guyldhall. 

This chapel is described as " newly built in front of the 
Guildhall " in the will of John Kelly, Nov. 10, 1486 (recited 
in D. 1340) ; or " next the Guildhall" (juxta Guihald) in the 
will of William Doun, yeoman, May 5, 1510 (D. 1361) ; of 
" withyn the Gyldhall " in the will of William Wilford, Esquire, 

* Son of Sir Thomas Denys [see L. 3], who died Feb. 18, 1561. 
f He was elected sword-bearer Sept. 30, 15G7. Oliver, 244. 
J For Isaac Mawdit, who was Mayor in 1673, 1681, .see p. 19. 



45 

Dec. 31, 1571 (D. 1377, in which he leaves 135. 4d. " over and 
above his olde wages " to " the pryste the which shall syng " 
there) ; or "in the outer part of the Guildhall," March 2, 1512 
(D. 1379a, where the chaplain receives four marks p.a. from 
the Chamber and a robe of the city livery and takes his daily 
meal in the house of the Mayor for the time being). It is said 
to have been built " over the Guildhall," i.e. over the portico, 
in Cotton, Gleanings, p. 23, or "under the Guildhall " in Stuart 
Moore's Calendar, II, 1080, but for this there is no authority 
in the document, which refers to an inventory of the 
" ymplementys and ornamentis " received by William 
Bucknam [who was Receiver in 1537 ; see Receivers' Accounts, 29, 
30, H. viii] " off Master Luke then beyng ye Mayor ys chapelyn. " 
The list, which was drawn up on Oct. 10, 1537, appears on a 
fly leaf at the beginning of Act Book, II, and the items consist 
of " candlestykks of latyn to sett upon ye awtre, a pax of silver 
parsell gylt, crewetts off sylver ungyltyd, gilt or silver gilt 
chalices, a senser of silver ungylt, a single vestment of black 
velvet, ditto of whyt chamlet broderet with garters, ditto of bord 
alexand', five corporas casys with ye corporas withyn four of 
hem off the whiche one is the one syde charged off cloth off 
gold and the other syde off crymsy velvet and another 
ynbroderyd with the armys of Mast' Marten, and one withowt 
a cloth in hem. Item a clothe to hang beffore Saynt George 
awltr off satyn of brygg' party white and grene. Item ffor 
Saynt bartholomee ys awltr, a hangyng off whyt chamblet 
ybroderet with garters. Item, a cloth of yolow sylk to hang 
above the same awltr. Item to hange one above another 
benethe off reyme' [? Rheims] to the same awltr'. Item, three 
awltr' clothys ffor Saynt George awltr' off holond." 

In Act Book, I, f. 93, Nov. 4, 1521, "it is holy agreed that 
William Aysshe the Cyte ys chapelayn shall have yerely 4Z. 
sterlyng and he to syng in Seint George ys Chapell as he hath 
usyd and no plase elswere except obits and trentalls and also 
every day that the Meir goyth yn processyon at seint peter ys 
churche to sey masse before hym and hys bretheryin in 
Seynt Katherine yelde or else another for hym." 

In Act Book, II, /. 30, Jan, 8, 1527, is a resolution of the 
Chamber in regard to keeping the Feast of St. George withyn 
the old Gild of the citie. 

In Act Book, II, /. 32, Sept. 21, 1531, it is agreed " that ev'y 
one of the xxiiij shalbe a brother unto the Frat'nyte of Saynt 
George withyn the Chapell yn the eldhall and to pay ev'y 
yere iiijd. upon the payne of 



Alnage of Cloth. 

In L. 55, Nov. 18, 1561, are orders taken betwixt the Farmer 
of the subsidy and Aulnage of Clothes in the Counties of 



46 

Devon and Cornwall and the Countie of the Citie of Exeter 
and the Clothiers of the saide counties with a note of sundry 
statutes relating to the subject, showing inter alia that " Noe 
man maie putt to sail nor carye out of the Countie whear 
the Cloth is made anye manner of clothe before the same be 
surveied and sealed by the Aulnager, who shall have a half- 
pennye for the sealinge and meassuringe of a cloth and of 
everye half clothe a farthinge." [For further extracts from 
this document see Devonshire Association Transactions, xliv., 
pp. 576, 594.] 

L. 159. Exeter, Feb. 16, 1613-4. The Chamber complain 
to the Lords of the Council that Thomas Bridgeman the 
younger [possibly son of Thomas Bridgeman, who was a 
bailiff in 1584], Deputy Alnager to Mr. Throgmorton for 
this city and county of Devon, demands for the sealing of 
every Devonshire kersey (besides the King's subsidy of a 
penny) a new exaction of half a farthing, whereas nothing is 
due to him by law. And they pray that Mr. Bridgeman may 
be compelled to let a case be tried at law or argued before 
all the Judges of the land. 

In L. 162, undated but probably connected with L. 159, 
is a memorandum concerning the Prisage of wine and Alnage 
their origin and nature. It asserts that "the office of 
Alnage is an auncient office, more auncient than the makinge of 
cloathe for merchandize in this Realme," and specifying three 
kinds of abuses of the office. 

Disputes with Bishops. 

L. 56. Honnyngton [i.e. Honiton], Nov. 23, 1561. William 
[Alley] Bishop of Exeter to the Mayor &c. : " After my 
hartie comendations unto you gentill Mr. Mayor and to the 
rest of the worshipful of your brethren. These are to rendre 
you all most entier and hartie thancks for your gret gentilnes 
shewyd towarde me and my Chauncelor [William Leweson] ; 
doynge you to understande that you shall and may cause 
me to be yours in anything wherein I may pleasure or gratifie 
you or any of you herafter trustyng that all olde matters 
which heretofor hathe bredde coler and stomacke betwene us 
shall be quite and clerelye suppressed and forgotten which 
on my parte I do most ernestlye promise and assure you, 
hopynge that you will do the like ; and thus I dout not but we 
shall be faythfull lovers and frendes by God's grace, to whose 
tuition I committe you. Your lovynge and assured frind, 
W. Exon." 

[Endorsed: " Geve these." This letter appears to refer, 
to the Mayor's resistance to the Bishop's claim to be made a 
Justice of the Peace for the city. Izacke, 129; Freeman, 119 ; 
Devonshire Association Transactions, xliv., 214. For a similar 
claim by Bishop Gary in 1622, see L. 217-223, 226, 227, 230- 
233, page 115.] 



47 

For a dispute with Bishop Cotton in 1599 as to the respective 
liberties of the Church and City, see L. 103, containing two 
letters in four folios, with Hooker's side-notes, the first 
beginning : " Right honorable reverende and our very good 
Lorde, we have receaved of your man Turpin as from your 
selfe a byll of many Artycles and of certaine greeveaunces . . .," 
ending : " obediently observe the same." The second, which 
is much shorter than the first, begins as in the first : " Maye it 
please the same, we have receaved your boke of Artycles by 
the hande of your servant Turpyn . . .," ends : " and 
obediently to observe the same." Endorsed : The Bishoppes 
awnsweres, 1599. 

In L. 138, 139, Dec. 10, 1610, the Chamber ask assistance 
of the Masters of the Court of Requests and of the Attorney 
General, Sir Henry Hubbard [or Hobart] against the suit 
of the Dean and Chapter, who have petitioned the King for 
two fairs in their Borough of St. Sidwells* as they wrongfully 
have styled it. 

In L. 148, Silverton, May 17, 1612, Bishop Cotton writes 
to the Mayor and the Recorder of Exeter respecting a petition 
the contents of which he cannot believe till he hears it 
justified. 

In L. 166, June 7, 1615, the Chamber write to Bishop Cotton 
concerning their liberties, which they say are continually 
infringed by the Bishop's bailiff, William Moore, and pray 
that a conference of counsel may be held to settle the dispute. 

In L. 326 (undated but endorsed 1629), Bishop Joseph Hall 
writes to the Mayor : " Good Mr. Maior with my loving 
remembrance. I heare that divers of my Tenants in 
St. Stephens fee (and no freemen of the city) are called to 
appear before you at your Court this day. I shall not need 
to plead unto you my ancient rights which have bene thus 
long kept inviolable ; so as I am informed never any of them 
have been called in this kinde only one some twenty yeares 
agoe was warned thither, and appeared not, without further 
prosecution. I beseech you let us mutually have all fayre 
termes without trenching upon ech others libertyes ; that 
so neither part have any cause of greivance. It shalbe enough 
to have moved you thus farre ; not doubting therfore of your 
iust and loving respects to mee and the immunityes of this 
Church wherwith I am entrusted, I take leave, and signe 
myselfe, Your much devoted loving neighbour, Jos. Exon." 

Endorsed : " Lo. Bp. Hall about his tenants in his ffee to 
be returned of the Lawe Jury at the Guildhall." 

* It was made part of the City of Exeter by Act of Parliament in 
2 Edward VI (1548) ; Book 51, f. 1236 ; Charter XXXV ; Cal. Dom., 1603- 
1604, p. 651. Not 4 Edward VI (1550), as Oliver, 269 ; Freeman, 118. 



48 

In L. 352 (undated but endorsed 1631), the same Bishop 
writes to the Mayor : " Worthy Mr. Maior, I perceave Mr. 
[Ignatius, see L 210, 290] Jordan will needs putt us to it in a 
wilfull violacon of our priveledges ; in our last conference 
with your worthy Brethren there was a fayre motion of a 
peaceable accommodacon of these differences ; wherein we 
are enough confident of our owne right ; and if I can under- 
stand anything ; both our is herein plainly infringed and the 
Cittyes bond forrfaited, if at least this action of his wilbe 
owned and maintayned : I doubt not but ere long we shall 
come to a full resolution of either accordance or suit ; 
Onwards let me desyre you to take some course to restrayne 
these violences, and to free this servant of the Church from 
the hard measure which is now oSred to him. In full ex- 
pectacon I take leave and am 

your very loving neighbour and frend 

Jos. Exon." 

In L. 363, Sept. 4, 1634, the same Bishop writes to the 
Mayor complaining that " one of your seriants hath wilfully 
and presumptuously incroched upon the right of my fee in 
taking one Ford out of his house violently and imprisoning 
him, whom he knew to be within the precincts of my fee," 
and suing for the speedy release of the prisoner. 

In L. 605, Dec. 6, 1811, Bishop George Pelham writes to 
the Town Clerk from Sidmouth respecting a building which 
was being erected in St. Bartholomew's Churchyard without 
his license. 

For the Bishop's Fee, otherwise called St. Stephen's Fee 
or Harold's Fee, including the Cathedral and the close or 
churchyard in 1447, see Shillingford, pp. 9, 10, 137. 

For compromise in regard to this dispute, Dec. 12, 1448, 
see D. 1196 ; Book 51, /. 976 ; Misc. Roll 100, 101 ; Shillingford, 
pp. xiv., 136 ; Izacke, 79 ; Freeman, 177. For further 
arbitration after the installation of Bishop Hugh Oldham, 
see D. 1353 (April 18, 1507), where the Bishop and the Dean 
and Chapter give a bond in 100Z. that they will abide by the 
arbitration of Lewis Pollard, Serjeant-at-Law, John More, 
John Rowe and John Oreny with seals of the Bishop and 
the Chapter. 

In D. 1380, Aug. 23, 1513, is an agreement between the 
Mayor and Bishop Oldham that the former shall not exercise 
the office of Clerk of the Market in two houses in South Street 
and one within the Southgate parcel of St. Stephen's Fee, 
" nor in no nother howseys of the same fee," with the Bishop's 
seal. 

In Act Book, I, ff. 27, 28, Jan. 28, 1512, the second of these 
houses is called the Bull, and the Mayor etc. agree that "they 



49 

shall not intromytte nother meddle in any thyng concernyng 
the office of the clerke of the market " in these two houses, 
" the whyche houses the said Bisshoppe claymyth." 

In Book 51, f. 113, are the depositions of witnesses as to the 
boundaries of the Cathedral Church taken in 1557, " by 
reason of certyn arestments made by the sergeants of the 
citie within the saide churchyard and close. Mr. John Peter 
then Mayor and James Trobleffeld [i.e. Turberville] Bishop." 

In L. 63, Nov. 13, 1562, Gregory Dodds, Dean of Exeter, 
desires the Mayor to enquire concerning the molestation 
of the wife of his servant Richard Haustyce, who dwells in 
Saint Mary's Parish and is " moche dysquyetyd, in hys absence 
by a neybour or twoo." 

In Act Book, XIII, /. 1876, Oct. 17, 1704, it is ordered : 
That the Serjeants for the time to come doe not arrest any 
person within the Bishop's fee upon pain of being dismist. 

Richard Argentyne. 

L. 57. London, Dec. 4, 1561. Matthew [Parker] Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Edmund [Grindal] Bishop of London, 
Walter Hadd' [i.e. Hadden or Haddon] and Thomas Huyske 
[or Huike]* to the Mayor of Exeter : " After our hartie comen- 
dacyons whereas we perceyve by your letters that Richard 
Argentyne,t clerke, hath of late spred abrode sondrie sedicious 
lybells within the Citie of Exeter and for the same his lewde 
demeanour is by you comyttyd to warde." He is therefore 
to be sent to them. Signed your loving frends, Matthew 
Cantuar., Edm. London, Walter Hadd and Thomas Huyske. 
Endorsed : Rec. 15 Dec., 1651. 

On the back is the city's answer in Hooker's handwriting, 
dated Jan. 4, 1562, stating that the prisoner refuses to be 
bound for his appearance, pleading poverty and sickness 
accordingly they ask for further orders. 

The Cloth Hall. 

L. 59, 60. The Savoy, April 8, 1562. G[awen] Carewe 
writes to the Mayor &c. recommending " my manne " (or 
" the yongman ") William Greenwood as Keeper of the Cloth 
Hall. Signed, " Your to comand. G. Carewe." 

In L. 87, Oct. 15, 1582, Sir Gawen Carewe gives a receipt 
for his fee 2Z.J 

For the Clerk of the Cloth Hall or Merchants' Hall, see Book 
51, /. 141 ; called the Merchants' Cloth Hall in Misc. Rolls 31 
(A.D. 1602), which contains its Acts, Orders, Tables of rates &c. 

* The three latter were Commissioners in 1561. Strype, Ann., i, 411. 
t Or Argenton in reply endorse. He was also called Sexten. D.N.B., ii, 80. 
j Granted to him for life in 1674. Freeman, 120. 

Wt. 20757. Ex. 4 



50 

In L. 409 (undated) is a largely signed petition to the 
Chamber stating that " Whereas some yeares past the Cloth 
Markett was ushualie kept in the High Streete, &c.," and 
" that some private persons inhabitinge in the Southgate 
Street of this Cittie by their wylie and subtill practises and 
for theire oune private ends did secreitlie procure some order 
for the removal of the said markett into ther streete," the 
petitioners now pray that it may be brought back to its old 
place " betweene the Guildhall and the little cunduitt in the 
High Streete."* 

In L. 420 the inhabitants of the south and west quarters 
petition the Mayor, Christopher Lethbridge [1660], that the 
serge market may be kept " either at the new corne markett 
and the corne markett removed where it was formerly, or 
else in the High St. between St. John's Bow and Mary Arches 
Lane, or at any other place which may be good for the trade 
of the whole city." 

In L. 421 (? 1660) the inhabitants of the parish of 
St. Laurence petition the Chamber that the serge market 
may be held before St. John's Hospital in their parish. [See 
Lloyd Parry, Exeter School, 68.] 

In L. 422 (? 1660) the Weavers, Buyers and Sellers of 
Perpetuanes petition the Chamber that the streets leading to 
their market place in Southgate Street may be chained up from 
8 o'clock till four on market days, as was formerly accustomed, 
because they are disturbed by reason of the great concourse of 
carriages and hackney horses. See Izacke, p. 168. 

In L. 485, Feb. 8, 1730, is a letter from the Town Clerk 
for Mr. Heath's opinion about moving the Cloth Fair, whose 
reply, dated Inner Temple, Feb. 11, 1730, is in L. 486. 

Rates of Wages. 

L. 65. 1563. Two printed broadsides, beginning : 
" Where in the Parliament holden at Westminster, Jan. 12, 
5 Eliz. (i.e. 1563)," and fixing a maximum which is not to be 
exceeded in " the severall Rates and Taxations for wages 
made and set forth by the Justices of the Peace of the Citye of 
Exeter." 

In L. 73, April 24, 1566, and L. 93, July 20, 1588, the 
Justices of the Peace retain the rates they first certified 
on June 15, 1564, viz. for husbandrie : Labourers, 3d. p.d. 
with meat and drink, or Qd. without, from Sept. 30th to 
March 1st, rising to 4d. and 5d. respectively from March to 
September. In the corn or hay harvest a " mowier " has 

* For order (1634 ?) of Charles I that the cloth market shall in future be 
settled in Southgate Street, see Col. Dom., 1634-5, p. 425. 



61 

5d. [lOdL], Reapers, Binbers (sic) and Loders 4d. [Sd.]. In 
Hayharvest a man has 3d. [Qd.], a woman 2d. [4d.], also for 
labourers in Hedging, Dyching, Paling, Rayling, Woode- 
making, Beatemaking, fixed payments by the pearche, yarde, 
lugge rope, dosen of woode and hundred respectively as task 
work. No bailiffe of husbandry or Chiefe Hind is to take 
over 40s. p.a. for his wages and livery, or serving man over 
24 years old 30s. p.a., man servant from 20 to 24 years 
(26s. Sd. p.a.), from 16 to 20 (20s. p.a.). Unmarried woman 
servant, 16 to 24 years old (16s. p.a.), and 5s. for her vesture 
and garment, rising to 20s. and 6s. 8d. at 24 years and upwards. 
No woman servant under 10 years of age to have any wages, 
but only meate, drinke and other necessaries. A maister 
Mason, ditto Carpenter, ditto Joiner, Plasterer, Helier, Tyler, 
Shingler, Thatcher, or Plumber, having servants and 
apprentices is to allow them 6d. (or lOd.) p.d., a payre of 
Sawiers Wd. (or ISd.) p.d. Masons &c. as in above list, not 
being masters, to have 4d. (or Sd.) p.d. and apprentices 3d. 
(or Qd.) p.d. 

Letters of Geoffrey Tothill.* 

L. 66. London, Jan. 31, 1563. Geoffrey Tothill writes 
to Master John Hooker, chamberlain : " After my hartye 
comendacon I have sent you herewith enclosed the copyes 
of too bylls exhybyted unto the parlyament howse for the 
Cittye, wherein I pray God send us good successe as I hope. 
The one for the unytyng of churches ys first in the lords 
howse, I and the other for orphans in the lower howse. 
Trustying by that time we have thorolye consydered that byll 
for orphans^ and redye to be sent offe to the lords, the lords 
byll wylbe redye to come down. I suppose the bylls be 
indyfferentlye handled. Yf we shuld have putte bothe in at 
one place then peradventure the howse wold nott be best 
contentyd with too bylles for our private Cyttye. Other 
thyngs yn ye artycles shalbe remembred, as for prentyses 
there ys a byll in the parlyament howse for servaunts which 
ys corny tted to the Master of the Rolls and others. Y hope 
yf the byll passe to gete a p'vyso, for all cyttyes in England 
to take prentyses and so Exceter [nott named], there 
your wolle or shuld have byn this afternoon yf my leisure 
had served a byll drawne for the londyners yt shalbe in the 
name of all the Cyttyes in the west partes and ells where and 

* Recorder,1563-1576. M.P. for Exeter in Parliament, 6 Elizabeth, from 
Jan. 11, 1563, to Jan. 2, 1567. He received an annuity of 20 marks from 
the city in 1564. Izacke, 132. For his instructions dated Jan. 1503, see 
Devon. Assoc. Transactions, xliv, 213. 

j- It was introduced in the Lords on Feb. 22, 1563, passed second reading 
March 4 and conclusa March 16, 1563. Lords Journals, i, 594, 603, 604. 
It was read in the Commons, March 18, 20, 1563. Journals of Commons. 
i, 69. 

| See Charter XXXVII, confirmed by Act of Parliament, 5 Elizabeth, 
see Letters Patent, May 3, 1563 ; Oliver, p. 287. 

Added subsequently in a blank space. 



52 

is not pryvately for us." He desires that 101. may be 
" delyvered to my brother Walter to be sent me as I have 
retayned divers in thes causes and must give money aboute 
the same. There be alredye butt to bylls past, the one that 
no horses shall passe beyond the seas and another is for the 
levyng of ffynes in the north country. I suppose we shal agree 
upon the subsyde this next wyke. Ther are divers and many 
other bylls butt as yet not past our house. I praye you 
make the masters of the Cytty partakers of this my letter 
and trewth of the too bylls and wrytt and here you leve. from 
london the last of January." 

L. 67 (undated) is a note in the handwriting of Geoffrey 
Tothill addressed to some person not named, accompanying 
some extracts from the Records relating to the power of the 
Mayor to appoint a lieutenant, as he is very sick. 

In L. 70, Jan. 31, 1563, is a receipt by John Tothill for 
Geoffrey Tothill from John Hoker (sic) for fees paid on passing 
the Sheriffs accounts, including : " Ffyrst due for Mr. Secretorye 
Cicells ffee, 51" [See LL. 82, 83, p. 55.] 

In L. 74, London, May 31, 1566, Geoffrey Tothill writes 
to the Mayor : " Right weorshypfull after my hertie comen- 
dacons to you and the rest of the masters, this shalbe to 
advertyse you pft'ly touching the travell hadd by me here 
this last terme yn the Cytties causes and affaires, ffirst touchyng 
the londoners causes they ons this last terme toke orders 
with me to appoynt three for their parte to match Mr. Hay, 
Mr. Solyceter and myself appoyntyd for the Citties parte and 
I sendyng my man to the chamblayn of London for to have 
a daie appoyntyd for the metyng upon the same they chaunged 
their myndes and wold have three and three and wold have 
me to assent to have Mr. Hert in for one of the three and to 
leve out Mr. Hay or Mr. Solycyter, which to yeld unto I 
doe nott thinke good nor wyll nott, they seme to be desyrous 
of an ende, and yett they wyll not match your three. And 
so as you shall wyll me to doo this next terme I shalbe gladd 
fo fferder the same. And for my own opynyon I doo not 
now thinke good any man more to be sent upp to the Citties 
chardge for that the Cittie is now p'sently otherwyse chardged. 
And also I thinke yf you shuld sende upp of purpose there 
wold skarse be ende in the same at one terme, but yf there 
be any of the masters of the cyttye that have any other 
occasyon of their own this next terme I wold I might be thereof 
advertysed, and so then I wold appoynt a daie of talke and 
metyng accordynglie, otherwyse wee three that be here shall 
stand styll or ells to precede in the sute where unto they be 
loth to come as me semeth this ys my opynyon in this matter 
respecting your aunswere herein by twen this and the 
begynnyng of this next terme. As touching Trew's matter 



53 

[see p. 28], I have a very good hope for the fyshing of Exe 
in the parishes of St. Thomas, St. Edmond's and St. Mary 
Steps, the matter hath byn twyse or thryce throughly harde 
as well in the Chekers Chamber as at my Lord Treasurer's* 
house. Your Geffrey Tothyll, Recorder." 

In L. 78 (undated) is " the effecte of the matter yn questyon 
for the Fishynge of the Ryver of Exe yn the behalffe of the 
Mayor, Baylyffs and Commonaltie of the Citye of Exeter." 

Exeter Guilds. 

L. 76. From my Pallace, Sept. 28, 1567. W. [i.e. William 
Alley L. 56] Bishop of Exeter requests the Mayor to 
"be so much my frende who as yet hath not trobled youe 
with manye sutes as to graunte unto the bearers hereof their 
petition who have requested and sued to obtayne your favours 
to be reduced into one socyetie, felowshipp and companye, 
which request hath bene graunted by youe, but as yet not 
confirmed accordinge unto your said graunte for they do 
request the same as it is in the good cities of London, Yorke, 
Bristowe and in all other goode Citties and Townes Corporate 
within this realme of England." Endorsed : " Reed. Sept. 30, 
1567." [No guilds are named in the document, but in 
S. Moore's Calendar the petition is supposed to be that of 
the Coopers (or Cowpers, i.e. Coverers) and Heliers, whose 
ordinances are dated Feb. 3, 1567, see Book 51, /. 1586, (not 
1566 as Izacke, Pr., p. 66). For the incorporation of the Hell- 
yars and Plaisterers on Dec. 14, 1680, see Act Book, XII, /. 24.] 

L. 110 (? 1602) contains the petition "of the Felowship 
and Companye of the crafts of Weavers, Tokers [i.e. Tuckers] 
and Sheremen [called Weavers, Fullers and Sheeremen in 
D. 1739, 1739a, which contain exceptions against their 
acts produced before the Justices of Assize in 1621] within 
the Cyttye and countye of Exeter, setting forth their rules 
and ordinances (13 in number) with the clause of allowance 
and confirmation by the Chamber. For their Articles and 
Ordinances dated 1490, see D. 1311. For their Charter 
of Incorporation, A.D. 1490, see Book 51, /. 71 ; Izacke, Pr., 
p. 64. For their Bye-laws, dated Aug. 13, 1602, see D. 1692. 
For a tenement in Exeter belonging to the Warden of the 
Fullers and Tinters, see D. 1498, Oct. 7, 1555. 

In L. 520 (? about 1750) the Butchers petition the Chamber 
to be re-incorporated. For their charter of incorporation 
granted by the Chamber on March 20, 1685, see Act Book, XII, 
/. 13, repealed Feb. 5, 1722, D. 1825, where they are called 
the Fraternity of Victuallers and Butchers. For their 

* i.e. William Paulet, Marquis of Winchester, since Jan. 21, 1669. See 
L. 36, page 35. 



54 

ordinances, dated Sept. 9, 1575, see Book 51, /. 1596 (called 
their first incorporation in Izacke, Pr., p. 67). 

In L. 522 [? circ. 1750] the Barber Surgeons petition the 
Chamber for leave to prosecute a barber in the Chamberlain's 
name. For their incorporation A.D. 1487, see Izacke, Pr., 
p. 64. 

In D. 1637, March 29, 1586 (not 1602, as Izacke, Pr., p. 68) 
is the Deed of Incorporation of " the Arty fleers of the Com- 
panye of Carpenters, Masons, Joyners, Glaciers and Paynters," 
with their petition to the Chamber and the ordinances for 
their government. 

For separate charter of incorporation of the Joyners, 
March 20, 1685, see Act Book, XII, /. 1, with their ordinances 
of same date, /. 3 ; ditto of Freemasons, Masons, Bricklayers, 
Glasiers and Painters, March 20, 1685, Act Book, XII, /. 7, 
with their ordinances of same date (/. 9). 

In D. 1786, July 28, 1691, is a Counterpart of the Deed of 
Incorporation of the Company of White Tallow Chandlers 
and White Soap Boilers, with their arms. For their acts 
and ordinances, see Act Book, XII, /. 30. 

Book 51 contains Charters of Incorporation of 
(a) The Cappers and Haberdasshers (ff. 676, 68) [incor- 
porated 1494, together with the Feltmakers, confirmed 1562. 
Izacke, Pr., p. 65]. 

(6) The Cordewayeners (/. 69), "in this yere 11 Richard II, 
1387, the Cordewayners and Curryers of this Citie were first 
incorporated." Ibid., /. 290 ; Izacke, Pr., p. 63. 

(c) The Skinners and Gloviers, April 20, 1561 [i.e. a con- 
firmation. They were first incorporated in 1462 Izacke, Pr., 
p. 62]. In Act Book, II, /. 1456, March 21, 1556, it Is agreed : 
" That the Glovyers shall have a corporacioun uppon a 
resonable ffyne." For incorporation of the White Tawers, 
Glovers, Skinners, Grey Tawers, Poynters and Parchment- 
makers, Dec. 1, 1685. See Act Book, XII, /. 18. 

Also Ordinances of 

(d) The Bakers, April 1, 1554 (/. 156) [incorporated 1482, 
Izacke, Pr., p. 63. See Devonshire Association Transactions, 
xliv, 215]. 

(e) The Tailors (/. 157) [incorporated 1466. Izacke, Pr., 
p. 63. For their charters, bye-laws and two books of their 
Acts, see Miscellaneous Papers]. 

(/) Smiths and Cutlers, April 20, 1561 (/. 1576) [not 1560, as 
Izacke, Pr., p. 66, where the Saddlers are joined with them]. 
(g) Brewers, Sept. 20, 1579 (/. 161) [Izacke, Pr., p. 67]. 

In D. 1821 (A.D., 1717), the Chambre appoint two searchers 
and sealers of leather. 



55 

Letters of Thomas Lord Howard. 

L. 77. Bindon, Dec. 19, 1567. Thomas Howard [Viscount 
Howard of Bindon*] prays the Mayor &c. to send to Honiton 
and to give in charge of his servant a young man who had 
stolen apparel of two gentlemen of his to the value of 111. or 
181., and who had been apprehended in Exeter, intending 
that he shall receive " condigne punyshement." Signed, 
" Your frende, Thomas Howarde." 

Note added : "I pray you also and the reste of all your 
bretherne for that Lucas Caro hath done his diligence in 
bringinge of this robbery to light, the rather at this my request 
to shewe him your lawfull favor and frendeship and not to 
graunte any warrant of good abearing against him. Thomas 
Howarde." 

In L. 80, Wareham, April 11, 1581, Thomas Howard writes 
to the Mayor, Thomas Bruarton [or Bruerton], praying him 
to examine a thief who had stolen goods from his house at 
Wareham, and to send the thief to him at his house at Ware- 
ham, " for that I mean to make an example of so lewde a part 
in myn own house." Your loving frinde, Thomas Howarde. 

Lord Burghley's Receipt. 

L. 82. Nov. 10, 1581. Receyved the day and yere above 
wryten of the maier, bayliffes and commonaltye of the Cyttie of 
Exeter by the hands of John Peryam, gent., for my penconf 
dew unto me for one whole yere ended at the ffest of Sainte 
Mychael laste paste before the date hereof the full some of 
tenne poundes of lawfull money of Englande. W. Burghley. 
[See L. 70, p. 52 ; L. 81, p. 29.] 

L. 83 has a similar receipt dated Nov. 20, 1581, per 
J. Periam. 

Recorders of Exeter. 

L. 85, Oct. 4, 1582. Receipt from Sir Robert Denys, 
Recorder, for his fee of 101. Signed, " Robert Denys." See 
L. 54, p. 44. 

D. 1701, Feb. 11, 1606, contains the grant of the office of 
Recordership from the Mayor, Bailiffs and Commonalty to 
William Martyn,J of Exeter, Esquire. 

In D. 1722, May 24, 1613, Wyll. Martyn is "Receiver 
[? Recorder] and a member of the Chamber." With his seal 
and signature. 

For Mr. Recorder [Nicholas] Duck, see L. 238, Nov. 9, 1622 
(p. 77). For a covenant in his handwriting, see D. 1744,Aug. 1627. 

* i.e. since 1559. Complete Peerage, iv, 261. 

f Granted in 1564 in remuneratione servitii. Izacke, 132 ; Jenkins, 124 ; 
Freeman, 120. 

$ He was the author of Lives of the Kings of England, published at Exeter 
in 1616. 



56 

In L. 316, Oct. 10, 1628, John Walter [Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer] and John Denham* write to "Mr. Mayor and 
the rest of your Bretheren." " Understanding that by the 
choyce of your late Recorder^ there is a place of one of your 
City Counsel! at lawe at this present voyd Wee have thought 
fytt out of our respect to the welfare of your City (which may 
be much advanced by the assistaunce of a learned successor 
in that place to recommend Mr. Peter Ball to your choise to 
be of your City Councell, of whose sufficiency and ability to 
doe you service therein wee have had ample testimony " &c. 

In L. 317 (dated Middle Temple Garden, Nov. 1, 1628), 
Peter Balle thanks the Mayor for " the choice of me to be 
of the Cittie Counsell." 

In L. 442, April 27, 1676, he writes to the Mayor resigning 
the RecordershipJ on account of his age and infirmity. The 
letter bears his seal. 

In L. 549, Oct. 15, 1764, Y. [i.e. John] Cholwich writes 
to the Chamber resigning the Recordership. 

In L. 602, dated Heavitree, July 18, 1794, Stephen Hawtrey 
writes to the Mayor his resignation of the Recordership. 

In D. 1220, Aug. 20, 1456, John Radford as executor of the 
will of Nicholas Radford, late Recorder of the City of Exeter, 
gives an acknowledgment to the Mayor &c. for 100s., being 
the annual pension granted to the said Nicholas Radford. 

In Act Book, 1, /. 50, Oct. 2, 1514, it is agreed : " that Master 
Pollard || shall have gyven unto hym agaynst Cristmas for 
the good love and favor that he hath unto the Cite a hoggeshed 
of Gascoyng wyne and 14 canon lofis agaynst Cristmas." 

Ibid., /. 506, Nov. 14, 1514: "that Sir Thomas Denys, 
knyght, [Recorder from 1514 to 1544] shall have lyke fee for 
using of the office of the Recordership as Master Pollarde 
hadde, that is to saye for the fee of the Recordership 4J. a 
yere and all other casualties as Master Pollarde hadde. 

Sir Robert Gary. 

L. 86. Oct. 2, 1582. Receipt signed " Robt. Cary " for 
his fee (4.). 

In L. 89, Oct. 1, 1583, is a similar receipt from Sir Robert 
Gary for the same amount. 

* Called " J. Denham, kt. f one of the Barons of his Majesty's Courte of 
Exchequer" in L. 362, May 31, 1634. 
t i.e. Nicholas .Duck, died Aug. 28, 1628. 

J He was appointed Recorder Aug. 21, 1632, and died in 1680. Oliver, 236. 
i.e. from 1442 to 1454. Radford, p. 9 ; not 1453, as Oliver, 235. 
|| i.e. Lewis Pollard, Recorder. Oliver, 236. 



57 

Inquests. 

L. 88. Aug. 27, 1583. The Examynacions taken of sundrye 
witnesses upon the death of Lewes Glavell of the citie of Exon 
Tayler. 

The following is a summary of the depositions : 

Thomas Predeox of Ashperton, gentleman, examined 
before the Mayor (Michael Germyn) and Nicholas Martyn, 
justices, deposed that about seven of the clock at 
night on Aug. 27, 1583, he was at the Southgate of the 
city when Lewes Glavell followed him and charged him 
to have said certain days past that he (Glavell) did 
smell of ale. P. said that he knew him not, and G. said 
that P. was a very knave and did strike him with 
his fist two or three blows and then drew his dagger 
and again assaulted him. Wherewith P. gave ground, 
backed and was driven back to the place of one Collyns 
a cutler, without Southgate, and there was like to be 
slain by the said G. Then P. took a rusty rapier upon 
Collyns' stall to defend himself withal. He then gave 
back again and received divers blows, and went from 
P. again unto the wall of the late Graye ffreers there 
by Southgate, and never gave blow to G., but G. did 
run wilfully upon P.'s rapier, which he had taken 
from the stall. 

Edward Winditt, servant to Richard Collins, cutler, was 
at work in his master's shop when G. quarrelled with 
P. After receiving two blows, P., who was in the 
Inne Syde would have avoided, but could not. P. then 
told G. that he should be contented, for that was no 
place to quarrel, but G. still pressed him. P. then 
caught up the rapier at the stall and said: "No we I 
myghte runne through thee if I wolde," and prayed 
him to depart. Collins the Cutler then came to part 
them, but G. still pressed upon P. with his dagger, and 
therewith wrapped his cloak about his arm ran upon 
P., and in running fell upon the point of the rapier, 
which P. then had in his left hand, and so was hurted, 
and P. took up his cloak and went to his Host's house, 
which was thereby. 

George Patrike, servant to George Scarell, baker, saw 
the two quarrelling, and G. said to P. : " Thou arte an 
arrant boye " and that he would make him a boy if 
he had him in the field, gave him a blow with his fist, 
and said that if it were not for shame he would draw 
upon him. G. then drew out his dagger and strake 
the said P., who stepped upon his cloak, which fell 
from him, and therewith reached his left hand unto 
the stall and took a rapier there and holding the same 
before him said : " Now if I wolde I might strike of 
thy headd or legges," or such like speeches. G. then 
bid him to do it if he would. Then Collins (who was an 



58 

old man of 75) came to part them, and had P. by the 
arm, but P. being in fear shaked himself from Collins. 
Then G. ran upon P. to strike him with his dagger, and 
G. therewith was hurted. P. lept away from him, but 
G., " fyndinge him selfe to be hurted sayde he was 
killed." 

Charles Holl, cobler, deposed that G. overtook P. and 
said : " You are a boye and you have geven evell wordes 
by me, and I will make thee a boye." P. denied this. 
Then G. pulled P.'s hat over his eyes and played with 
his nose and gave two blows with his fist to the head. 
P. then gave him ground towards the cutler's stall. 
After getting the rapier, P. again gave ground " to- 
wardes the ffreers wall," and G. thrusted at P. with 
his dagger so violently that the witness " supposed 
the said P. to have been hurted rather than the 
said Lewes." 

Richard Collyns, cutler, deposed to the " sharpe speeches " 
and the " cople of blowes," &c. When P. got the 
rapier, he said " This coulde I doe and I wolde," but 
G. casting his cloak about his arm ran upon the point 
of the rapier, P. never opposing nor giving any blow, 
" and so running upon the rapier he was slayne." 

John Helier, smith, was at work in his master's shop 
when he saw the two coming together from Southgate. 
" and were in greate speeches," heard P. say to G. 
to get him away, for he had nothing to do with him. 
Then G. " with his hande strooke the said P.'s nose 
upwarde," and gave him a blow upon the face with 
his fist. In the fight that followed G. pressed upon 
P. and wrapped his cloak about his arm and aimed 
to have taken the rapier from him. P. therewith 
backed and forthwith G. oppressed upon him most 
eagerly, thinking to have come within him, but he 
was then and there hurted by P., " and yet in what 
order or howe he cannot tell." 

Then follow the names of the jurors (17 in number), 
" coram Johi Vowell alias Hoker, generoso coronatore," 
with their verdict, in which they find that P. acted 
in self-defence, with the additional particulars that 
the rapier was of the price of iijs. iiijd., that death 
was caused by a wound of an inch broad and 6 inches 
deep under the right breast, and that the fray took 
place " neere unto a wall there called the freers wall 
in the Queen's highe Streete next the Southgate of 
the Citie." At the foot is a note : " Concordant cum 
originali, Teste me Johanne Hoker, Coronatore." 

In Misc. Rolls 2, 39, is a coroner's inquisition (1375) on 
the death of Cecilia, daughter of Walter Sampford, who was 
killed by a horse in High Street. 



59 

L. 90. May 3, 1584. Inquisition taken at Exilond before 
John Vowell alias Hoker (sic), gent., coroner, and a jury 
of 19, showing that : On Sunday, May 3, 1584, between 
12 and 1 of the clock at afternone one John Bedecome of 
Exylond, feltmaker, and Mathew Abbot of Exylond, felt- 
maker, servants to John Deymon of Exilond, hatmaker, fell 
at varyaunce and quarelled for and about the wasshinge and 
sterchinge of certeyn bandes and ruffes and immedyat 
apoynted to go yn to the feldes and that John Bedecome 
forthe toke his rapier and went yn to the feldes thereby named 
Bonnehay, and likewise M. Abbot toke a staff of 7 foote longe 
and folowed after yn to the same felde, where they bothe 
mett together, and the said John havinge his rapier yn his 
hand drewe the same and ranne upon the said Abbot and 
thrust him yn to the body under the right breste, and then 
and there felonously gave him a deadlye wonde of vj. enches 
deepe and one enche broade, of which wonde the sayde M.A. 
immediately dyed. 

Gilbert Sevell, weaver of Exilond, aged about 26 years, 
sayeth that on that day as he was walking in the ilond by 
the water side he over took one John Bedecome, having a 
rapier with him, and his wife talking together, which said 
wife was weeping, and requested her said husband to go back 
again, thereupon G. Sevell perceiving some quarrell towards 
did likewise request J.B. to returne back and to be quiet, but 
he said that Abbott had called him knave and said that he 
doorst not to meet him in the field, and as they were now 
talking one Mathew Abbot came towards J.B. with a staff 
Ijt. long, whereupon G. Sevell requested him to go back, but 
he said that he would first come and talk with the said J.B. 
J.B. then drew his rapier, and G.S. stood between them, but 
J. B. said : By the Lord's wondes stand aside or ells I will runne 
the through. So G.S. gave place. J.B. pierced Abbot in 
the right side with the rapier, " and with which stroke the 
rapier broke a too peces. And forthwith Abbott stroke him 
with his staff, but being redy to fall he dyd request G.S. to 
succor him, but he fell down and without any further speche 
dyed." 

Richard Denys of Exilond, tucker, aged 30, deposed that 
at the time mentioned he was sitting in the street at the door 
of William Haywode, when M. Abbot passed by him, and 
not long after J.B. also, the latter having a rapier under his 
arm. As he passed along he struck Abbot and said unto 
him : Come on thy way. Witness asked Abbot what was 
the matter, and he answered it was for washing and sterching 
of 3 bondes of myn by bedecome's wyf unto whom he offerd 
iijd., but J.B. would have iiijd., and as because he wold not 
geve the grote he said bedecome shold call him scabb. Witness 
willed that J.B. should not go out, but he sayd he wold go 
and showe himself for as the other wold be so stubborn that 
there shold be quiet with hym hereafter. Whereupon Abbot 



80 

sought a staff at his master's house and found one in the shop. 
When they pressed, the witness parted them, but seeing the 
blood to gushe out he told Abbot that he was dethe wonded, 
and without speches after that tyme the said Abbot dyed. 

In L. 96 (3 folios), June 5, 1589, is the Deposition of John 
Fa well, of the city of Exon, victualler, made June 5, 1589, 
before John Hooker (sic), gent., coroner, and the inquest upon 
the view of the body of Robert Haymon, lately slain in a 
street quarrel in Idle Lane. 

In L. 98, 1593, in J. Hoker's handwriting, are the 
depositions of three witnesses, two of whom sign their names 
and the third is a marksman. They are bound over to give 
evidence at the next gaol delivery against Nicholas Haynes, 
who is charged with the murder of John Maunder, who was 
found in a dying condition in Southgate Street. 

John Jones, cordwainer (aged 66), deposed that on 
Tuesday last in the afternoon he and one Henry Horabin 
went unto the house of William Corbyn, dwelling in the 
parish of St. Thomas beyond Exbridge, and there 
found Nicholas Haynes alias Norden, John Maunder 
and others, including the goodman of the house and 
two weavers whom he knoweth not, and they being 
and drinking together, Haynes and Maunder used 
much horseplay between them sometimes in and some- 
times out, but such was the same that the good man 
of the house misliked it and willed them to depart 
and to go out of his house, for he liked not their doing 
and so they departed and came to the West gate of 
the city and from thence they went into Ffryers Hayes 
to the witness' house dwelling within the North gate, 
being then about 5 of the clock in the afternoon. And 
when they came into his house the said Maunder called 
for two pots of ale, and then Haynes and Maunder 
falling out in their former speeches, H. took up the 
pot and did hurl it at M.'s head and called him by 
certain foul names, such as the witness doth not now 
remember. Then H. drawing out his dagger would 
have stabbed M., but witness and Horabin took H,'s 
dagger from him, and M. said : " If you take away his 
dagger then here is mine also, for I owe him no more 
ill will than to my own body," and thereto delivered 
his dagger to the maid there standing in the chimney ; 
and the witness desired them to depart out of the 
house, and desired Horabin to carry H. away, for 
said he : "I am bound in recognisance and you will 
. seek my undoing." And so they two departed, but 
M. stayed some quarter of one hour doubting lest 
some warrant had been made for the arresting of him 
at the suit of one Palmer, a shuttlemaker, dwelling in the 
Northgate St. And more the witness cannot say. 



61 

William Southmead, of the parish of St. Thomas, tailor, 
was at the house of William Corbyn on Tuesday, 
Jan. 24th, when there came in Nicholas Haynis, hat- 
maker, and John Maunder, sleamaker, and others. 
H. pulled down M.'s hat from his head and did cast 
it upon the ground and trod upon it, and then going 
into the parlor they called for a fagot and for drink 
and there sitting together about the space of two hours, 
they fooled and cast drink one over another and used 
many such drunken parts, wherewith the company 
was aggrieved, and there also H. took M.'s hat from 
his head and threw it into the fire. Then M. being 
grieved therewith said unto him : "If thou have any 
quarrel with me meet me at any time here to-morrow 
for if we should happen to meet now men would think 
that we were drunk," and with other such speeches. 
Then from thence they departed, and when they came 
to the Westgate they went to the house of one John 
Jones without Northgate ; but witness leaving them 
at Westgate went about his business. And afterwards 
he came also to Jones' house a little before they came 
away, where he heard H. call M. rogue and he called 
him again : " Oxenhead." Then said H. : " These 
words are enough, if I had thee in place where to stab 
thee," whereupon H. Horabyn departed thence, but 
M. stayed behind, and after requested witness, because 
he said he stood in doubt of H. they would bring him 
home, and so shortly after they departed from 
Jones' house and went home to M.'s, and being come 
thither they knocked to the door but could not come 
in. Then M. said : " Come let us go over to my neigh- 
bour Nicholas his house," for both their houses stand 
one against the other. So he went over, but witness 
stayed knocking at M.'s door, and then standing there 
did hear M. call to H. and said : " Neighbour Nicholas, 
a can of beer, boys," and so entered in within the fore- 
door. Immediately he heard a sword flincke, where- 
with M. would have returned, but the door fell close 
after him and immediately he cried out : " O Lord, I 
am killed," and then cried again " O Lord, I would my 
wife were here that I might kiss her before I die." Then 
the witness stood knocking at the door until M.'s wife 
came out with a candle in her hand, and he willed her 
to go over to her husband, " for (quoth he) I think he be 
killed." So she went over and witness followed her, and as 
soon as she was entered in the door she cried out : " Lord, 
who hath hurt my husband ?' r With that he cried and 
said unto his wife : " O Lord, wife come kiss before I 
die." With that she kissed him, and he whispered unto 
her, witness knoweth not what, and brought him home, 
and as soon as he was within the door he fell down dead. 



62 

John Bawdon (or Bodon), about 8 o'clock on Tuesday 
last, was coming from the house of my lord the Bishop 
into Southgate Street, when he heard a great russhling 
in the entrie of H.'s house, and that M. cried out : 
" Lord, I am slain." Witness asked of him who 
had slain him. He answered : " Nicholas Norden 
For goodes sake let me speak with my wife before I 
die." And forthwith his wife being called, came unto 
him, and then M. said unto her : "0 Lord, wife, I am 
slain." Quoth she: "Who did it?" "Nicholas 
Norden," said he. " Lord," said she, " where he 
dyd." Then said he : "0 Lord, wife, let me kiss 
thee ere I die," which when he did they carried him 
home, and there in his entry he fell down dead. And 
further the witness saith that at his first coming into 
Norden's entry he saw it full of blood, but he saw no 
dagger, which M. had. 

L. 101, April 9, 1599, contains the Examinations of Thomas 
Griffene, wife of William Griffene (taylor) and others concerning 
the death of Wilmotte Hooper, which took place on Jan. 25, 
1599. According to this evidence, Richard Darte deposed 
that on Monday last about the Sessions week after Christmas, 
he went to see Wilmotte, who was sick in the house of Margaret 
Alye. He asked Wilmotte how she did, and she said that 
she was very ill. He said : Where with ? And she answered 
that her master and mistress had beaten her, which was the 
cause thereof. Then he said : Do you say not anything but 
the truth ? And she answered : I will tell you the truth, and 
whereupon it was. And she said : I was making of my master 
and mistress' bedde, and my mistress was in the chamber by 
trimmynge of herselfe, and her master came up on the steores 
and sayed unto his wiffe : Whie maye not wee rewarde our 
mayde as Griffyne rewarded his mayde ? And Wilmotte 
sayed I thincke there is not any master or mistress that will 
beate there servaunte without a cause, and herewith her 
mistress dyd come rounde and with a waund dyd geve her 
aboute Ix. strypes, and assone as she had done her master 
gave her so many also. 

L. 145, Jan. 26, 1612, contains deposicions and examyna- 
cions of witnesses taken the 26th daie of Januaraie, being 
Sondaie before William Martyn,* Esquyer, Recorder of the 
Cyttye of Exon, and William Tyckell [or Tickhill, Chamberlain 
from Sept. 15, 1601, to June 7, 1613], gentleman, Coroner of 
the countye of the same cyttye, anno regis Jacobi 9, as to 
the murder of Mr. William Peters [or Peter] of Whipton 
House, by Edward Drew of Fullarton, in the parish of Broad 
Clyst. For a summary of these proceedings, see Worthy, 
Suburbs, pp. 12-14, where the papers are said to be " very 
voluminous." They cover 11 ff. 

* See page 55. 



63 

L. 225, June 26, 1622, contains depositions concerning a 
dispute in Southernhay arising from a dispute of two rival 
archers as to who hit the mark and took the prize. 

L. 568, Sept. 17, 1707, has inquisition concerning Treasure 
Trove found in the Dung Court in the parish of St. Sid wells, 
viz. old gold and silver coins and plate to the value of 231. 

Letter of Sir John Popham. 

L. 92. July 27, 1587. Holograph letter of Sir John Popham 
[Attorney General] to Thomas Chappell, the Mayor, respecting 
the suit between Trosse and Levermore,* which appears to 
have gone against Levermore through partiality of the jurors. 
He intercedes for Mrs. Levermore, and suggests a compromise. 
" Yf you shall see and suffer the jurors of your Cyty thus to 
pass agaynst all treuth and agaynst your and their own 
consciences and trwthes you can but kepe Godes wrath upon 
your cyty. Your lovyng ffrend, J. Popham." 

Joachim Porsel. 

L. 94. Feb. 15, 1584 [received March 11, 1584]. The 
Lords of the Council write to the Mayor respecting the robbery 
of Joachim Porsel, master of the hulk called the Jonker of 
Dansk, taken and brought into Plymouth on his journey from 
London towards the said porte. In his lodging at the Inn called 
the Sea Horse in that town there was imbeseled from the said 
John by the hosteler of the said Inn 45Z. 5s. Od. in gould, of 
which 231. had been recovered, and that the ostler hath 
confessyd onely of thembeselinge of 231.. which is now in 
your custodie, and that there is verie great presumption that 
the rest came to his hands or knowledge. With signatures of 
Christopher Hatton, Francis Walsingham, J. Hunsden, J. 
Buckhurst, J. Fortescue, J. Wolley, T. Perrot, T. Heneage. 

The Armada. 

L. 95. The Court at Somerset House, Nov. 26, 1588. 
Sir Francis Walsingham writes to the Mayor and Aldermen 
of Exeter : " After my hertie comendacions whereas I am 
geven to understand that at such time as ther was order 
gevenf this last sommer for the settinge fourthe of certain 

* i.e. The widow of Morris Levermore, who was Mayor in 1564, or possibly 
John Levermore, who was Governor of the Merchant Adventurers Society 
in 1582. 

f For order (April 1, 1588) to Exeter and Topsham to furnish three ships 
(or two Ibid, p. 112) and one pinnace to repaire to Sir Francis Drake at 
Plimmouth by April 25, see Acts of Privy Council, XVI, 9, to which Exeter 
pleaded " wante of sufficient habilytye to yeild such contribucions for the 
provision and furniture of the said shippes and pinnaces," Ibid, XVI, 55 
(May 9, 1588), though by April 11, 1588, they had furnished one ship and 
one pinnace (Cat. Dom., 1581-1590, p. 475). ;;nd on July 1C, 1588, the 
Mayor, John Periam, urged that the charge might be lessened (Ibid, p. 503). 
For Exeter's contribution see fly-leaf in Act Book, V, with particulars 
of the arming of the Bartholomew, the Rose and the Ouise, in Book 55, 
/. 1796; also Devon. Assoc. Tran*., xliv, 218. 



64 

shippes out of your Citie yt appeirethe that emongst others 
you tooke a man of warre, beinge a shippe appertayning unto 
Mr. George Rawley,* making agreement with him for the 
furnishing and setting of her fourthe for her Majesties service, 
but now that the said Mr. Rawley demaundethe satisfaction 
from you for the said composicion which you made with him 
for the said shippe, you refuse to yeld him that contentment 
which ys dew unto him in that behalfe ffor as much as the 
matter ys so reasonable which he claymethe of you and that 
I have staied him from acquaynting their Lordships with your 
slacknes herein upon the perswation I have that this my 
own letter shall sufficientlie prevaile with you without 
occasioning him to use any furthur sute, which would be to your 
molestacion. I shall therfore praie you to consult together 
and take order emongst yourselfs that the seut maie (sic) 
aunswered of so muche as you have promised to yeld unto 
him without any more delaye. And so I bid you hartelie 
farewell. Your loving frende, Fra. Walsingham." Endorsed : 
Reed, this Letter by hands of John Dyer, the xviijth of 
December, 1588. 

In Act Book, IV., /. 2856, June 17, 1588, it is agreed that 
Mr. Herte (see p. 78) shall deale with Mr. Secretarie Walsingham 
concerninge a new supplie to be made of a new victualinge 
required by the Lord Admyrall his letters. 

In Act Book, IV, /. 288, July 3, 1588, the Chamber agree : 
that where there was provyded at the charge of the cytie a 
good Quantitie of Rye for the provysion of the Cytie for 
sundrye causes as well for doubte of Invasion of the Enemyes 
as also for to beate downe the pryse of corne and now the 
same rye is to be despatched awaye and newe to be taken in 
yf nede require and shalbe thought necessarie. That therefore 
the order and disposition of the said corne and dyspatche 
shalbe referred to the discrecion of Mr. Maior, Mr. Nicholas 
Martyn, Mr. Prouze and Mr. Thomas. The same to be done 
with as much convenient spede as may be. 

Posts. 

In Book 55, /. 181, London, June 6, 1589, Thomas Raindolls, 
Controller and Master of her Majesty's Posts, writes to the 
Chamber : 

"After my very hartye comendations. The lordes of her 
Maiestyes most honorabell privye Counsell being geven to 
understande of the greate abuses dailey comitted by sondrye 
rydinge in poste in the Countereys and places as they passe 
betwene the courte and Plimouthe contrarey to her maiestyes 
gracious pleasure that tendereth no thinge elsse then the 
disquietinge and evell usinge of her lovinge subiectes, have 

* He was the eldest brother of Sir Walter Raleigh. Brushfield, Raleghana, 
14. 



65 

thoughte it good in their wisdomes to beethinke them of the 
beste and rediest meanes and howe to meete with theis disorders 
and there uppon directinge their letters unto mee the master of 
her maiestyes postes have willed mee to signifie unto all the 
magistrates and speciall officers of the Townes where hereto- 
fore Postes have been layde westwarde, and the Justices of 
the Peace next adioyninge. That wheras the postes or parties 
rydinge in poste have usuallye payde unto after the rate of 
one peny the myle, sometymes lesse and at the moste bute 
three halfe pence, and wUfullye taken mens horses forther 
then a due stage, charginge them with cariges and burdens 
verey unreasonable : Nowe from hencefourthe after the 
recepte of this letter it shalbe lawfull for the parties whose 
horses shalbe taken to ryde in poste to demaunde and take 
of the ryder after the rate of twoo pence the myle for everye 
horse and the same to aske and receve at the firste delyvery 
of his horse, who also shall bee rydden forther then the 
next appointed stage, nor carey aney burden besydes 
the Ryder that shall exced the waighte of fortie powndes 
withoute the hyers (sic) or owners good lyckinge and consent, 
any Orders or ordinaunces imprinted or sett downe by ther 
lordshippes heretofore not with standinge. This being their 
lordshippes pleasure and honorable meaninge for the relefe of 
the countrie for the presente untill her Maiestye maye con- 
venientlye bee movied for some allowaunce of wages by the 
daye and so signified unto mee I have thoughte it expedient 
to certefye the same unto youe and everye of youe whome 
it shall concerne and with all in their lordshippes name to 
requier youe that Order bee foorthwith taken in your severall 
Townes or villages that some discreete and able personne bee 
appointed to attend the service, assisted and releved by 
youe and the voluntary contribution of the Counterey next youe 
as to his travell and the necessetye of the service shalbe founde 
expedient. And uppon aney disorder herin offered or arisinge 
to take the advice and assistaunce of the Justices of the Peace 
next adioyninge, by whom ther lordshippes pleasure is that 
your endevors shalbe speciallye favored and fortheride as 
need shall requier. London, this vith of June, 1589. Your 
very lovinge ffrende, Thomas Raindolls, Controwler and Master 
of her Maiestyes Postes." 

Places heretofore allowed and nowe also appoynted for 
ordinary Stages for Postes layde towardes Plimouthe, viz. : 
London : 15, Stanes ; 16, Hartford bridge ; 8, Basingstocke ; 
15, Andivor, 15, Sailsburye; 18, Shaftesburye ; 12, Shirborne; 
12, Crookhorne ; 15, Honyton ; 13, Exeter ; 16, Ashburton ; 
18, Plimouth. 

L. 329. Whitehall, Nov. 21, 1629. The Lords of the 
Council write to the Lord Mayor of London and the Mayors 
of Salisbury, Exeter and Plymouth. Whereas his Maiesties 
posts of the Westerne Stages from London to Plymouth have 
propounded unto us [see Cal. Dom., 1629-1631, p. 199] that 

Wt. 20757. Ex. 5 



66 

for the better dispatch both of his Maieeties service and the 
common good of others they would undertake the speedye 
dispatch of all privat letters weakly from London to Plymouth 
and from Plymouth to London, besydes the faithfull delivery 
of all Letters and Dispatches of other business upon the road 
and 20 myles out of the road if neede shall requier ; And to 
provide post horses for all that will ryde with the Letters for 
single post paye from stage to stage (viz.) for twod. ob. the 
myle without further charge except 4d. to the guide for returne 
of his horse. Which course for the reasones aforesaid wee 
doe very well approve of. And therefore for their better 
encouragement and cheerfull p'ceedings in the operation 
of their said undertakinge wee doe hartely intreat the Lord 
Mayor of London and the Maiors of Salisburye, Exeter and 
Plymouth and every of them and all others whom it may 
concerne (and the rather for that by this course the said 
posts shall be the better enabled to p'forme his Maiesties 
service), not only to p'mitt and suffer the said posts and 
their agents from hencefourth to Imploye and address them 
selves to the p'formance and operation of the service afore- 
said without any of your oppositions or contradictions, but 
allso to countenance and encourage them therein and to 
be assistinge unto them as occasion shall requier for the 
furtherance of the said service, and so not doubting, &c. 

Maimed Soldiers. 

L. 99. Greenwich, Aug. 20, 1594. The Lords of the 
Council command the Mayor to relieve the bearer, William 
Prigs, a native of Exeter, who has done good service and 
received " hurts and maimes " in the Queen's service in the 
wars of France and the Low Countries and elsewhere, on 
the certificate of Sir Roger Williams and others as to his 
good service. With signatures of W. Burghley, the Earl of 
Essex [Robert Devereux], Howard [i.e. Charles Lord Howard 
of Effingham], Robert Cecyll [son of William Lord Burghley], 
J. Wolley, J. Buckehurst, W. Cobham, and H. Fletcher [? as 
secretary apart from the others], 

In L. 121, Whitehall, May 31, 1607, the Lords of the Council 
command the Mayor &c. to pay to Margaret Harrys, late 
wife of John Harrys, deceased, the arrears of three years' 
pension of four marks yearly due at the time of his death, 
to the said Harrys (as a maimed soldier) out of the City of 
Exeter, which had not been claimed by him because he was 
sick in London. 

In L. 122, Sept. 8, 1607, is a certificate of the death of the 
said Harrys at Newington, Surrey, on Lady Day last past. 

Dearth of Corn. 

L. 100. Columb John, March 5, 1595. John Aclande 
writes to the Mayor &c. : " After my harty commendacions &c. 



67 

Whereas you write unto me that there is not sufficyent care 
taken accordinge to Her Majesties and her most honnorable 
privie counceylls directions* for provision of convenient store 
of corne for your marcketts of Exon by meanes whereof they 
are lately risen v]d. or viijd. in a boshell, and yett not 
sufficyent brought in to serve your tome and therefore doe 
request me to see redresse thereof to be made with all convenient 
speede. Trewly I am verry sorry that yt so falleth out and 
muste excuse myselfe therein for that my occasyions have 
lately beene suche at Londone as I have not at all by meanes 
of my absence intermelled with those services, but am and 
wilbe allwaies redy to yeald my beste and uttermost endevoure 
to procure your marcketts to be throughly served as apper- 
taineth and to doe your cyty any further good I cane, but you 
knowe this matter lyeth not in me alone, which yf yt did 
I woulde I ashewre you verry redily see yt reformed, and 
will uppon Sunday next, God willinge, be at Exeter in the 
morninge purposely to conferr with Sir Thomas Dennys 
and some other justices of peace of these partes for some speedy 
redresse to be taken therein. And soe with my verry harty 
commendacions doe leave you to God : from Collom Jhon, &c. 
Your frinde ashewred to use, John Aclande. 

Good Mr. Maior, I cannot but yealde you verry harty 
thannks for dealinge so well and consyonably with my neigh- 
boures your tenants, for which noe doubte God will reward 
you. 

I learne by Bennett that in the note I sente you I sett 
downe for his office but xxx/^., which I ashewre you was by 
me mistaken, for I mente to have written xxxvfo'. as the trewth 
was." 

For " the severall accomptes of the Rye solde at St. John's," 
see Hooker's List, No. 40. 

In D. 1710, 1711, Nov. 4, 1608, the Chamber enters into 
a contract with Simon Leach for the supply of 4,000 bushels 
of " sweete, good, holsome and marchantable rye " at 5s. 3d. 
a bushel, for the relief of the poor of the city. 

In L. 133 (undated) (? 1609), is a notice from the Chamber 
desiring subscriptions of French rye and corn for the relief 
of the poor on account of the scarcity of corn. 

L. 132, Jan. 31, 1610, contains a proclamation sent from 
the Lords of the Council to the Mayor &c., to prevent 
the making of " soe needles a commodite as starch " because 
it increases the scarcity of corn. 

In L. 284, Collumpton, Oct. 5, 1625, Dr. Bartholomew Goche 
sends 20/. to the Mayor for the relief of the poor distressed 
people of Exeter. " Receive yt I beseech you from him 

* i.e. in 1694. See Acts of Privy Council, XXV, pp. 8, 26. 



68 

that will ever wish well to your town and Rest your loving 
poore frend, Bar. Goche." 

In L. 333, Whitehall, June 13, 1630, the Lords of the 
Council, on account of the scarcity of corn, command 
the Mayor, &c., to prohibit the exportation of it, to limit the 
amount to be made into malt, to suppress the unnecessary 
number of alehouses, to put in execution the laws against 
brewing of strong ale in Alehouses, against Ingrossers and 
Forestalls of corn, &c. [See Gal. Dom., 1629-1631, p. 281 ; 
Rymer, VIII, iii., 106 ; Izacke, 153.] 

In D. 1757, March 20, 1640, the Chamber agree to spend 
200?. to provide " Seacole " for the poor of the city. 

Poor Prisoners. 

L. 102, Nov. 18, 1599, has a receipt for 20a. by the hands of 
John Martyn for the Tresorers of the poor of the Cytie for 
" one yeres exhybycon collected towards the releefe of the 
poor prisoners in her Majesties benche and Marshalsey ended 
at Michaelmas last. Signed, J. Popham." [See L. 92. p. 63.]* 

Foreigners. 

L. 104. Undated [? circ. 1599]. Petition of the inhabitants 
and freemen of Exeter to the Chamber complaining that 
foreigners inhabitants in Powderham, Dawlish, Exmouth, 
Kenton, Toppisham and other places intrude upon them 
bringing salt to the city by land from the said places and " selle 
the same before our owne dores in greate vessells and 
bagges, allurynge and callyng our customes from us, saying 
they will selle better cheape then ourselves." The petitioners 
pray that salt shall only be brought to the city by water, 
and that if foreigners are allowed to " intrude upon us " they 
may have a place set apart for them and be compelled to use 
measures. 

In L. 386 (undated, ? circ. 1640), the freemen of Exeter 
petition the Chamber that foreigners may be prevented from 
selling by retail in the city, and suggest (in L. 387), that "the 
hygher roome of Sent Johns be ordenyd to be a store as a 
roome annyxt unto the New In halle (see L. 147), to reseve 
all wols brought unto thys Cyttaye by foreners." 

In L. 385, Nov. 17, 1640, the apprentices of Exeter com- 
plain to the Chamber that persons who serve no apprenticeship 

* For Commissioners for poor prisoners, April 27, 1598, see Acts of Privy 
Council, XXXVIII, 423. For letters from the Council on behalf of prisoners 
for debt, April 9, June 10, 19, 1600, see Ibid, XXX, 240, 371, 392. For 
gifts of Laurence Seldon under his will in 1698 to poor people in the prisons 
of the city and castle of Exeter, see Report on Charities, p. 302. 



69 

are made free of the city and that they are much injured 
by that custom. " Whereas an Apprentice is to serve 8 or 9 
years, and some more, for the havinge of that liberty and 
freedom, others are taken in for a small some of money or for 
favor and made free and thereby bereave us of our Trades 
and priviledges." 

In L. 441 (undated, ? 1674), the Freemen, " many of them 
by longe and harde Apprenticeshipps, others with their moneys, 
have dearly purchased the freedom of this oure famous Citty," 
petition against foreigners being allowed to keep shops in 
the city. 

For bye-laws (1686), respecting the punishment of foreigners 
residing in the city, see Miscellaneous Papers. 

In L. 519 (? circ. 1750), the incorporated Butchers of Exeter 
petition the Chamber that foreign butchers shall be limited 
to their accustomed hours. 

In L. 543 (dated Bristol, July 21, 1701), Matthew Brickdat 
forwards to Mr. William Williams a note as to the mode of 
procedure at Bristol in foreign attachments. 

In Misc. Bolls 2 (47) is a verdict that it is lawful for 
foreigners, to sell " alea et cepe," in houses and outside. Also 
an order [ibid. 2, (48)], that free butchers being partners with 
foreign butchers are to pay custom. 

Vagabonds, Carriers, &c. 

L. 105 (temp. Elizabeth). Fragment (much torn) of a 
printed order of the Lord Mayor of London requiring " all 
vagabondes, sturdy beggars, idle persones, masteries men* 
and roges of what kynde, age or sorte soever they be " to 
departe the city within 8 days, also forbidding carriersf to 
bring " any boyes, maydes, children, lame, poore in " and 
leave them within the city being unprovided for, and that 
sand of the river is at least as good for building as any sand 
of the field or other sand. 

D. 1655, April 27, 1590, contains a licence from the Mayor 
and Justices of the Peace to all Justices, Mayors, Sheriffs &c. 
for one Thomas Tyrrell of Exeter, " beinge a man of honest 
conversacion and livinge and who dothe daylye furnishe the 
marquettes here to be a common drover, badger, kydder, 
carier and transporter of butter and cheese in such sheres, 
counties and places where it hath been wonte yn tymes paste. 

* This phrase does not occur in the Statutes of 1547, 1572 or 1598. 
Stat., IV, 7, 693, 899. 
t See Stat., TV, 149. 



70 

In L. 552, dated Hawker's Office, Sept. 9, 1765, A. Cracherod* 
writes to Thomas Hayman, esquire, concerning Hawkers' 
Licences. 

City Mills. 

L. 106. July 14, 1600. Anthony Coplestone writes to the 
Mayor concerning a dispute respecting the water not being 
permitted to pass Pyne's Mills in sufficient quantity to turn 
Duryard Mills and attacking the millers of Pyne's Mills within 
the City of Exeter. Signed, " Your neighbour Christian 
Brother Anthony Copleston." 

In L. 173, Feb. 3, 1616, John Martin [the Chamberlain] 
informs William Martin [the Recorder] that " our cause against 
Coplestone is not yet heard." 

In L. 415, Dec. 3, 1657, is a receipt by John Copleston from 
the Chamber for 45., the rent of a tenement called Glosseford 
in Upton Pyne. 

In D. 1702, 1703, 1704 is an award, March 30, 1606, in a dis- 
pute between the Mayor &c. and certain tenants, farmers and 
occupiers of the city's " Gryst, Tuckinge and fulling mills " 
in the parishes of St. Mary Steps and St. Edmunds without 
the Westgate, chiefly relating to tenants of the Bonhay [see 
L. 90, p. 59], allowing sufficient water to pass their mill to turn 
the other mills. 

In D. 1585, Oct. 10, 1577, is a lease from the Mayor &c. 
to Sir Robert Denys, Knight, for 21 years, of two grist mills 
and one malt mill called the " Bonhaye my lies " and a moiety 
of the pasture of the Bonhay provided that the lessee shall 
not hinder persons from fishing or washing clothes or walking 
or taking recreation on the Bonhay. 

In D. 1794, Dec. 18, 1694, is a 99 years' lease of the Bonhay 
Mills determinable on certain lives. 

In D. 1843, March 5, 1758, is a surrender of the Bonhay 
Mills to the Chamber by Lady Frances Chichester. 

In D. 1752, is a lease Dec. 22, 1632, from the Mayor &c. of 
four grist mills, a malt mill and [eight (see Report on Charities, 
p. 42)] fulling mills called Duryurd Mills. For subsequent 
leases of Duryurd Mills, see D. 1778 (Oct. 21, 1673) ; D. 1795 
(April 16, 1695). 

For yearly Accounts of the Bailiffs of the Manor of Duriurd 
from A.D. 1368 to 1724, see Duriund Accounts. For a Book 
of the Court Rolls of Duryurd Manor, A.D. 1620 to 1697, 
see Book 182. 



* i.e. Anthony Cracherode, Solicitor to the Commissioners of Hawkers 
and Pedlars. Treasury Paper*, 1742-1746, p. 49. 



71 

In Misc. Rolls 2 (37), Sept. 29, 1276, are memoranda of a 
lease of the manor of Duryurd, Cowley and Goseforde to 
Alured le la Porte for 10 years at a rental of 201. 

In D. 1374, April 13, 1511, is a composition between the 
Mayor and the Wardens of the Exebridge and Robert ap 
Howell, Rector of St. Mary Steps, " for the tithinge of the 
Tucking Mills " [alias "a fulling mill next Crekelpyt mill"], 
whereby the tenant of the mill is to pay 5d. p.a. in lieu of 
tithe. For the token mylles new buylded without the west gate 
without the Citie at the Crekepytt mylles, Dec. 12, 1559, see 
Devon. Assoc. Trans., xliv, 217. 

In L. 1772, June 24, 1659, is a lease of Crikellpitt Mills 
granted by the Mayor, Bailiffs and Commonalty. Similarly 
D. 1842 (June 28th, 1755) ; D. 1844 (Aug. 18, 1760). 

In D. 1808, April 3, 1705, is a lease of six fulling or tucking 
mills with three wheels and six stocks near the west gate 
towards Crikel Pitt Mills. 

In D. 1335, Sept. 10, 1500, the City's mill is called 
" Crekilpytt Mille," and in the same document is a mention 
of the fulling mill of Edward Earl of Devon. 

In D. 1780, April 1, 1679, is a lease of fulling mills near 
Crikellpitt Mills granted by the Mayor &c ; also similarly in 
D. 1783 (May 22, 1683) ; D. 1810 (April 3, 1705). Also of 
tucking mills below Crikelpit Mills in D. 1766 (Feb. 24, 1651). 
Also of fulling mills adjoining Headwere Mills in D. 1829 
(June 2, 1727). Also of the Cuckingstole* Mills in D. 1771 
(May 12, 1659) ; D. 1836, 1837 to a fuller (Sept. 11, 1733) ; 
D. 1841 (March 16, 1704) ; D. 1850 (Nov. 16, 1785) ; 
D. 1852 (Jan. 23, 1798). For agreement for rebuilding the 
Cuckingstool Mills, with plan, see D. 1849 (June 7, 1785). 

In L. 411, Dec. 10, 1652, John Butler desires the Chamber 
to repay him 201. lent to them in 1644, when he was a member 
of the Chamberf and asks that it may be set off against the 
high rent of New Mills due from him. For memoranda con- 
cerning lease of a mill belonging to the Chamber, Jan. 11, 
1551, see Act Book, II, /. 194. 

In Act Book, IX, /. 876, Jan. 27, 1652, it is ordered that the 
mills called Taylor's Mills be forthwith sold for the payment 
and discharge of the extent laid upon the city's lands for the 
debt due to Mr. Rowe and his partners. 

* In Exeter the Cuckingstool (see Devon. Assoc. Trans., xliv, 222) was 
a " Skelvingstool," see Wright, 315, who quotes from Receiver's Account, 
1357, i.e. 20d. paid for making " one akylving stool " and 8d. for conveying 
it to Crollediche. 

t He was a bailiff in 1640. Izacke, 156. 



72 

Topsham. 

L. 107. July 24, 1602. Stephen Ridlesden* requests 
the Mayor &c. to shew cause before Mr. Doctor [Julius] Caesarf 
why they deny to his " assignees for the measurage of seacoals, 
come and salt within the porte of Topsam, the execution of that 
place," adding : "I wilbe ready to attend and yf ye shall 
finde that yt belongeth unto you I will surcease, and if it is 
dewe to me by my graunt I hope you will suffer my deputies 
to enioye it quietly, otherwise I must take that course which 
the lawe will give me leave." 

In D. 1254, Oct. 30, 1467, is a lease of " le Crane et le Key 
alias le Warf et le Crane de Topsham," and a house called 
" La Fyve Selers," granted by John Wode, Esquire, for one 
year (at a rental of 10?.), together with the profits of the same, 
except a fourth or third part of 8d. for every ton of wine, 
parcel of the custom of the city of Exeter of old time due to 
the Lord of Topsham. 

In Act Book, IV, /. 152, April 14, 1567, is an agreement 
for the Cranage and Wharfage granted to Mr. Geoffrey Tothill 
(see page 51). 

In D. 1623, Nov. 6, 1583, William Stubbes of Ratclyffe 
(Middlesex) gives a bond of 400Z. to secure a conveyance to 
the Mayor &c. of "all that crane or key and cranage and 
sellers of the Porte of Topsham and the fyshinge in the water 
of Clyste, together with all storehouses, sellers and sellers, 
voyde ground and land, and also all fees, offyces, tolls, customes, 
pryvyledges, prehemynences, lyberties, profytts and emolu- 
ments whatsoever to the said crane, key and cranage, sellers 
and fyshynge belonginge " granted to him by Letters Patent 
of May 16, 1583. 

In Act Book, IV, /. 285&, June 17, 1558, it is agreed con- 
cerning the crane and the mills of Topsham that the same is 
referred to be followed by Mr. Herte (see page 64), according 
to the late Instructions given to Mr. George Smyth in this 
behalf, which he has with him. 

In L. 123 (dated from the Court at Greenwich, June 20, 1607) 
the Earl of Bedford [i.e. Edward Russell, 3rd Earl] writes 
to the Mayor &c. concerning a petition which is about to be 
exhibited to him on behalf of the inhabitants of Topsham, in 
which manor he is about to have an interest by a grant from 
the King. 

In L. 124, Nov. 1608, Abraham Sewens of London and 
Hugh Morrell [Bailiff in 1601] of Exeter, merchants, complain 

* Clerk of the Ordnance. Acts of Privy Council, XXXI, 16, Dec. 12, 1600. 

f He was appointed Judge of the Admiralty Court, April 30, 1583, and 

Master of Bequests, Feb. 24, 1597. Acts of Privy Council, XXX, 118, 320. 



73 

to the Lord High Treasurer, Robert [Cecil] Earl of Salisbury,* 
that the Comptroller and other officers of the Port of Apsham 
[i.e. Topsham] take excessive fees of merchants bringing corn 
into the country and take three bushells of every ship, 
alledging it to be his duty, &c. 

In L. 128, Whitehall, April 27, 1609, the Earl of Salisbury 
desires the Mayor, Sir John Acland,f Sir Christopher Harris J 
and others to enquire into the matter of these " fee-bushels." 

In Book 51, f. 54, are orders or customes to be observed at 
the Key, Crane or Wharffe of Toppesham and rates for the 
same, with the like for the Key at Exeter (/. 55). [See also 
Misc. Papers, 1700.] 

In D. 1707, Oct. 20, 1607, is a lease of wharf, crane, cranage 
and cellars of Topsham granted by the Mayor &c. for four years 
at a rental of 201. p.a. Also in D. 1785 (Jan. 29, 1691) is a 
similar lease for seven years, together with the passage of 
ships and lighters through the Haven at a rental of 800Z. 

Death of Queen Elizabeth. 

L. 111. March 25, 1603. The Lords of the Council inform 
the Mayor &c. of the death of Queen Elizabeth, which took 
place on the previous day [Oliver, 108], and command them 
to proclaim King James I. Your very lovin frends, 
Northumberland, Pembroke, Jo. Cant., Tho. Egerton, T. 
Buckhurst and many others. 

Bonvile's Almhouses. 

L. 112. London, Oct. 1, 1604. Sir Julius Caesar)) desires 
the Mayor and Aldermen to grant an almshouse in Saint 
Rock's Lane,^[ to one John Moore, a poor man of Exeter, and 
his wife, " being a lame and weake woman as it is alliadged, 
who are said to bee of your owne citye and there to have beene 
borne and bred up amongest yow," for whom suit had been 
been made to the King. " I have thought good to forbear 
the procuring of any such grant from his Majestie in respect 
that I have bene formerlie advertised by yow or some of yow 
that the right of disposing the said almeshouses is not in his 
Majestie, but in yourselves, as deryved from a graunt thereof 
made unto you by some of his Majesties predecessors, which 
being so I would not willinglie impeach." He then asks them 
" to bestowe one of the said places uppon the poore man 

* He was then High Steward of Exeter. See L. 116. 
t See L. 100 (p. 66). He was knighted on March 14, 1604. 
j Of Launceston. Cod. Dom., 1603-1610, pp. 16, 17. 
This was done on March 29, 1603. Izacke, 143. 
|| See page 72. 

II i.e. in Sir William Bonvile's Almshouses, called the Maison Dieu, founded 
in 1407. Oliver, Monast. 404. 



74 

if any bee now voyd, or otherwise the Reversion of the next 
that shall fall. Your verie loving frende, Jul. Cesar." 

In L. 131, Whitehall, Dec. 31, 1609, Roger Wilbraham* 
and Daniel Dunf inform the Mayor and Mr. Copstone, 
Paymaster of the Poor in Rocke Lane,f that the King's Majestie, 
in consideration of his service, hathe graunted to Nicholas 
Crompton, a poor soldier, "an Almes Rome ther in Exeter 
which is absolutlie in his Majesties disposicion as is alledged." 
They require the Mayor &c. to admit him, they having refused 
to do so. 

For the right of presentation, see Charter XXXVIII. 

In L. 446, May 12, 1698, William Symon [or Symons, L. 457 
(Feb. 25, 1690), where he represents the city's interests in 
London, and L. 465 (Dec. 16, 1708), where he desires payment 
of his bill], informs the Receiver [George Yard Receivers' 
Accts. 9-10 William III; Izacke, 190] respecting the suit 
made to the Council through the Duke of Ormond, for licence 
to remove Bonville's Almshouses. || 

In L. 447 is a copy of an order in Council for their removal, 
issued from the Court at Kensington on July 15, 1698, 
together with a report on the subject by the Attorney General 
and some notes on the Almshouses. 

Vintners and Taverners Licences. 

L. 113. Dec. 29, 1604. The Lords of the Council write 
to the Mayor &c. respecting the repeal of " that Braunche of 
the Statute of 7 Edward VI ^f concerning the prizes of wines," 
in consequence of which many vintners and taverners have 
incurred sondrie greate penalties and commanding them to 
cause it to be known that all vintners are to " make theire 
repaire to the howse of Arthur Ingram, Esquire,** scituate in 
Marke Lane, London, so soone as convenientlie they maye, 
there to conclude and compound for pardons for times past 
and licenses to sell wines in times to come." Signed, 
T. Ellesmere, Cane. ; ft T. Dorset ; F. J. Worcester ; T. Nor- 
thampton; Cranbourne; Thos. Burghley; W. Knollys; 
E. Wotton; J. Balmerino; J. Popham; J. Fortescue. 

* Chancellor to the Queen, Jan. 23, 1604. Gal. Dom., 1603-1610, p. 123. 

t i.e. Dunne or Downe. Diet. Nat. Biog., XV, 222. He was Dean of the 
Court of Arches and a Judge of the Admiralty Court. Cal. Dom., 1603- 
1610, pp. 204, 323, 485. 

J Or the Comb-rew. Set p. 6. 

James Butler, High Steward of Exeter from Oct. 1697 till 1715. Izacke, 
191, 199. 

|| The buildings fell into ruin in 1708. Oliver, Mon., 404, and "not the 
least vestige of them now remains," Jenkins, 124. 

If i.e. Slot. 1, Edward VI, c. 5 (1553), repealed 1 James I, c. 25, Stat., IV, 
1052. 

** Controller of the Customs of London, Sept. 15, 1604. Cal. Dom., 1603- 
1606, p. 149. 

ft i.e. Thomas Egerton, Earl of Ellesmere, appointed Chancellor May 19, 
1603. 



75 

In L. 114, Whitehall, Feb. 11, 1605, the Lords of the Council 
write to the Mayor &c. referring to L. 113, and informing 
them that at the suit of the Earl of Nottingham* they have 
appointed Thomas Isack, gentleman, and George Leach, 
clothier, to receive the compositions and grant licences to 
vintners and taverners to sell wines in Exeter. 

In L. 115, March 1, 1605, the Lords of the Council command 
the Mayor &c. to call before them all such vintners and 
taverners as have not compounded and taken new licences and 
to compel them to do so. 

In L. 117, July 7, 1605, the Lords of the Council reprove 
the Mayor &c. for negligence in not enforcing the order in 
L. 115. If any vintners &c. refuse to comply they are to be 
treated according to the " auncient Lawe of Edward the first 
sometime King of England, and you are in your owne person 
to see their dores to be shutt up so to remaine untill they 
reforme themselves." 

In L. 118 (dated Exeter House in the Strand, July 15, 1606) 
Theophilus Rayshleygh, Secretary to the Lord Steward 
[Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham see L. 114], writes to 
Mr. John Prouse [M.P. for Exeter 1604-1611] at Exeter 
that he has delivered his letter with that from the Mayor and 
his brethren to his Master, and that his Lordship has written 
to the Earl of Bath [Lord Lieutenant of Devon see page 10]. 
" I have herein sent you a coppief of what my Lo. was now 
pleased to write" adding that he was unable to send the letter 
to the Earl of Salisbury [Robert Cecil], and that " my Lo. and all 
our Company toke horse at 8 of the clock at nyght (what time 
the Counsell did rise) at my Lord of Salisbury's gate, and rid 
7 miles to lie that night. We are to take our Journey into 
Northamptonshire at Burghly, whence we shall scant returne 
this ffortnight." 

In L. 119 (dated at the Court, Feb. 22, 1606, i.e. 1607) the 
Earl of Nottingham thanks the Mayor &c. for the good respect 
they have all had to his graunt from his Majestic, which they 
have manifested in suppressing the supposed authority of the 
London Vintner. 

In L. 428, London, Dec. 4, 1662, Sir John ColletonJ writes 
to the Mayor respecting " my demand of Interest for my 
monyes disburst about 16 yeares to ye Chambre of Exon." 

In 434, Sept. 27, 1664, he releases the Mayor &c. of and 
from all bills, bonds, accompts, debts, dewes, suites and demands 

* i.e. Charles Lord Howard of Effingham (L. 99), Lord Lieutenant of 
Devon and Cornwall since Dec. 31, 1585. 
t This copy has not been preserved, 
j Agent for granting wine licences. Col. Dom., 1661-62, pp. 132, 377. 



76 

whatsoever from ye beginning of ye world to ye day of ye 
date hereof," where he is " of St. Martins in ye feilds in ye 
County of Middx." 

High Stewards of Exeter. 

In L. 116, May 8, 1605, the Earl of Salisbury [Robert Cecil] 
gives a receipt for his fee (10Z.) as High Steward of 
Exeter. 

In L. 160 (The Court, March 18, 1614) the Earl of 
Northampton [Henry Howard] thanks the Chamber for having 
elected him High Steward.* 

In L. 167, July 15, 1615, Richard Martin reports to the Mayor 
that on Monday last he has presented the letter and Patent of 
Steward of the City to the Treasurer,! " to succeed his noble 
Uncle for a patron and protector of your Cittie ; recom- 
mending to his Lordship's good acceptance your loves and good 
affection," adding that " you were not ignorant that the 
Cathedrall Church (with which you had some time differences by 
ther default) had a dependance also uppon his Lordship and had 
interested themselves in his protection," and that he " accepted 
ye message and your loves with as much gladness as kindness 
promising to deserve it by any or all actions which might 
demonstrate his thanckfullness and love to your cittie and 
receaved withall the fee of 101. " for which I send you his 
Lordship's acquittance " [not preserved]. 

In L. 205, Nov. 24, 1621, John Prouse writes from London 
to the Mayor : 

" Sir, I must lykewise advertise you that I have followed 
my former sollicitation to have up your pattent from my 
Lord of Suffolke, but I find a strange alteration, for whereas 
he sent me word by two severall knightes at the former 
session that the Pattent J should be sought for and that I should 
have it up, he dothe nowe awnsweare that he will kepe the 
same and demandeth paymente for three years past and this 
is his resolute awnsweare sent my (sic) yesterdaie. Sir, there 
was a tyme when you might have had a better end of this 
busynesse, but it would not be intertayned for his Lordship did 
offer to wryte his letters to discharge the Pattent and to give 
you lybertie to make a newe choyse, which was not thought 
sufficiente, but I perswade myself that you shal not nowe 
obteyne so muche. Here the old proverbe is true all covett and 

* For patent of his election under the Common Seal, see Izacke, 146. 

t Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk. For his signature, see L. 289 (Jan, 15, 
1626), granting a discharge in connection with a loan to the King. 

J i.e. of his appointment as High Steward under the Common Seal in 
1621. Izacke, 149. 



77 

all loose. I wish that my pen could have gyven you more 
pleasing matter which would have pleased me as well." 

In L. 217, London, May 4, 1622, William Prous writes 
to the Mayor &c. : I wishe in case of assistance you had 
a nother Stewerd at the Councell bord, where the Lord of 
Suffolke comes not. 

In L. 220, May 25, 1622, William Prous writes to the 
Chamber that "it is now hye tyme for your worshipps to 
looke aboute you and speedilie to consulte and resolve to 
strengthen your Chamber with an assistant Lord Steward 
that maie in this tyme of neede stand by and backe you for yf 
this suite of our Bishop take succes your state and govern- 
ment will receive a shrewde blowe and disgrace which will 
greive everie well affected member of your Gitie be pleased 
larder to understand that Mr. Recorder hathe praied me to 
advertise you that yf the Chamber shall deeme It expedient 
he desires that a speedie letter be to that end framed from the 
whole bodie of the Chamber and directed to the Lord Treasurar 
[Lionel Lord Cranfield], whom he thinks meetest to be enter- 
teyned as your assistant Lord Steward. I know his affections 
inclynes to do kindnes to your Citie : This mocion I leave 
to your grave and speedie consideracons : and the rather in 
regard your adversarie is potent and hathe manie eminent 
friendes to backe his enterprises ; wherein he hathe the advan- 
tadge of you (your Chamber standinge upon bare feete and 
is without a pillar to leane unto in this daie of neede). 

In L. 238, Nov. 9, 1622, the Chamber inform the Earl of 
Suffolk that they hear from Mr. Recorder Duck (see page 55) that 
he (the Earl) claims his pension of 40Z. due upon his patent as 
their High Steward (L. 205). They beg him to remember 
that a year and a half ago they desired him to give up the 
patent because he was seldom at the Council board to assist 
them, and that he promised, if the patent could be found, 
to do so and desired them to choose another Steward, which, 
however, out of respect to him they have not done, and they 
pray him to reconsider his demand. 

In L. 282, Oct. 4, 1625, the Chamber inform the Earl of 
Pembroke* that " att your late being in Devon wee were bolde 
to present an humble suite to your honour that your honour 
would be pleased to accepte of the office of Highe Stewardshipp 
of this Cittie," and they now send him the Patent of his office 
with the accustomed yearly pension of 101. 

In L. 282a (same date) is a copy of the Patent. 

In L. 283 (dated from the Court at Salisbury, Oct. 13, 1625), 
the Earl of Pembroke writes to Mr. Ignatius Jordan 

* i.e. William Herbert, who has been supposed to be the " onlie begetter " 
of Shakespeare's Sonnets, 



78 

(see L. 210, page 112), Lieutenant of Exeter, the Aldermen 
and the rest of the Council, accepting the Stewardship. 

In L. 332, Wallingford House, May 22, 1630, Lord Weston 
[i.e. Richard or Baron Weston, Izacke 152] writes to the 
Chamber thanking them for the Patent of the High Steward- 
ship of Exeter presented to him by Mr. Balle [i.e. Peter Balle, 
Recorder see L. 316, 317, page 56]. 

In L. 367, Whitehall, April 18, 1635, the Earl of Pembroke 
and Montgomery [i.e. Philip, brother to William Herbert, supra 
Izacke, 152] thanks the Chamber for his election as High 
Steward of Exeter. 

For General Monk* [who was appointed High Steward 
of Exeter in 1662 Izacke, 169], see Comm., CIX, page 13. 
In Act Book, X, /. 1716, Dec. 2, 1662 : this day the Lord Duke 
of Albemarle his grace was by free consent elected and chosen 
to be High Steward of this Cittie, and it is ordered that a Patent 
be prepared to be presented to his Grace as hath byn formerlie 
to other honourable persons. [His son Christopher Duke of 
Albemarle was elected High Steward Feb. 1, 1676 Oliver, 
p. 216.] 

In October, 1697, James Butler Duke of Ormond (L. 446, 
page 31) was appointed High Steward. Izacke, 191. 

In D. 1820, Oct. 29, 1715, the Chamber appoints the Prince 
of Wales [i.e. George Augustus, Prince of Wales Sept. 24, 1714, 
afterwards George II] High Steward of Exeter, and in L. 459 
(undated) they petition him [as Duke of Cornwall] in regard 
to a lease of houses in the Castle Ditch. 

Weights and Measures. 

L. 120, March 17, 1606-7. Mr. John Prouse [M.P. for Exeter, 
see page 75] forwards a copy of an Act of Parliament [i.e. 
8 Henry VI, cap. 6, 1429, Stat. ii, 242] respecting the charges 
for the use of the public weights and measures. Endorsed : 
From Mr. John Prowse, the 17th of March, 1606. 

[The Bill recites and amends the Statute of 1429, but 
it does not appear amongst the Statutes of James I in 
Statute Book, Vol. IV. It was read in the House of Commons 
on March 12, 1607. Journal H. C., I., 351.] 

In Act Book, IV, /. 2856, June 17, 1588, it is agreed "that 
Mr. Hertef shall according to a warrant under the seale of the 
office of the mayoraltie receyve at the Exchequer the weights 

* His portrait is in the Guildhall. Oliver, 216. 
| Who was riding to London. See payea 64, 72, 



79 

appointed for this Citie according to the late proclamacon 
for the same, and that Mr. Receyver shall delyver unto hym 
viijs. Id. for the same weights and also shall give him 
towardes his chardge to be also paid and aunswered 
at his retourne for the residue of his chardge." 

In D. 1691, May, 1602, is a fragment of a receipt from the 
Mayor &c. to the Exchequer for a set of standard weights 
and measures. 

In D. 1790, Aug. 30, 1693, is a similar receipt from Samuel 
Kerison, founder, of London, on behalf of the Chamber of 
Exeter to the Court of Receipt of the Exchequer. 

In D. 1800, May 13, 1700, John Lyford, Collector of Excise, 
Exon Collection, gives a receipt to the Court of Exchequer 
for standard quart spirit measures. 

Aid for Knighting Prince Henry. 

L. 125, Whitehall, March 19, 1608-9. The Lords of the 
Council send instructions to the Mayor &c. as to the most 
advisable manner of proceeding in levying the aid for knighting 
Prince Henry, the King's eldest son.* 

In L. 130, Whitehall, July 13, 1609, the Lords of the Council 
inform the Mayor and the Commissioners of the Aid that, 
doubts having arisen as to the liability of Deans and Chapters 
and other spiritual persons to pay the Aid, a new commission 
for collecting is issued and the present Commissioners are 
requested to send in the money they have already collected 
and to await further orders as to their proceedings. 

In D. 1713, Nov. 28, 1609, is an order in the Exchequer 
for levying the aid for the knighting of Prince Henry. 

In Misc. Rolls 77 (2 membranes), April 20, 1609, is an 
Assessment of the Aid for making Prince Henry a Knight, 
with signatures and seals of the Commissioners, viz., John 
Prouse (the Mayor), George Smith (see L. 237), Geoffrey 
Waltham, William Martyn (Recorder), Thomas Walker and 
Nicholas Ducke. 

A Plot. 

L. 127, Whitehall, April 26, 1609. The Lords of the Council 
command the Mayor (John Prouse) and the Recorder (William 
Martyn) to send up one Ellis Cullum, who had been appre- 
hended in Exeter, and who says he can discover and reveal 
certain practices concerning his Majesty and the State, as 
he pretends, of a high nature and importance. 

* i.e. on attaining 15 years of age. Rym., VII. 2, 164; Cal. Dom., 
1603-1610, pp. 494, 600, 502, 611. He wag born Feb. 19, 1694. 



80 

The Unemployed. 

L. 134, London, Feb. 25, 1609-10. Sir George Smythe 
and John Prouse [M.P.'s for Exeter, 1604-1610] report to 
the Mayor that some " Exeter men have sollicited us to 
assiste them in presenting of a petition to the Kinge that 
they might be sett on worke at home, from which course we 
have disswaded them, knowinge this to be no tyme fitt for 
suche complaints when corporations are noted out by great 
men in publick speaches with disgrace." They have sent 
" theise fellowes " back and request the Mayor that they 
may be set to work as they are desirous. 

In Act Book, VII, /. 2956, Dec. 9, 1624, Mr. Levermore and 
seven others are desired to vewe St. John's house and to 
consider what charge wilbe needfull to fitt the said house for 
a workinge house and alsoe what stock wilbe requisite to 
sett twentie poore people to worke there, and likewise what 
yerelie charge wilbe required to continue that number still 
there and what they or the most parte of them shall thinke 
fitt touchinge the premisses and they are entreated by the 
Chamber to certefie to them soe soone as they maye. 

In L. 350, Whitehall, Jan. 31, 1630-31, the Lords of the 
Council send to the Mayor a Commission with orders and 
directions " put into books* in print that soe the same may 
be the better published executed and obeyed concerning 
the administration of the laws that tend to the relieving of 
impotent poore people, setting to worke those that are able 
and punishing such as are idle or vagrant," and desiring him 
to send up a certificate of his proceedings in the matter.! 

In L. 380, Whitehall, April 12, 1639, the Lords of the Council 
command the Mayor and Justices of the Peace for Exeter 
to confer with J.P.'s for the county of Devon concerning the 
steps to be taken to set the poor to work as they understand 
the trade of clothing is much decayed (see L. 199) and the 
labouring poor want employment. [For the Mayor's reply, 
April 27, 1639, see Gal. S.P. Dow., 1639, p. 85.] 

In D. 1767, April 18, 1653, are Articles of Agreements 
between the Chamber and Edward Pynce of Exeter, weaver, 
for setting the poor to work. 

In D. 1651, April 11, 1589, Thomas Spicer, merchant, in 
performance of the will of Lawrence AtwillJ, conveys to the 
Mayor &c. as trustees for Atwill's Charity certain tenements 
and lands in the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle and a 

* These " books " have not been preserved. 

t For Commissioners appointed by the Crown on this subject, Jan. 5, 
1631, see Col. Dom., 1629-1631, pp. 474, 496. 

% i.e. Laurence Atwill of London, skinner, by his will dated Nov. 6, 1588, 
in order that the poor people of Exeter might be from time to time set to 
work. Report on Charities, 151, 



81 

messuage called Foxhill in the parish of Uffculme, near 
Tiverton. For a similar conveyance, see D. 1652, April 30, 
1590. 

In Act Book, V, /. 76 (1589), is a rental of lands given to the 
city by Mr. Atwill for the keeping of the poor of this city at 
work. 

For leases of the property in Exweek, see D. 1605 (Jan. 20, 
1582), D. 1658 (Sept. 20, 1591) ; D. 1661 (Oct. 20, 1592) ; 
D. 1662 (Dec. 20, 1592) ; also of land at Uffculme, D. 1673 
(Sept. 15, 1595). 

In Act Book, X, /. 276, Aug. 4, 1653, whereas the sum of 
610/. has been raised by the felling of trees and coppice at 
Duryard, and it being conceived fit to discharge Mr. AtwilTs 
account with the same, and further it being conceived right 
to buy and set up with Mr. AtwilTs money a workhouse for 
the keeping of the Poor of this city on work, a house was 
accordingly purchased [see D. 503] for that purpose, which 
belonged to the Treasurer of the Cathedral church [with 
details of expenditure], and it was ordered that Mr. Gandye 
doe bring hi the two scales of 450?. and a note of 100Z. into this 
Chamber to bee taken upp and cancelled, the money being 
paid in the manner as is above exprest. 

In L. 575, July 3, 1771, Mr. W. Davy forwards a copy of a 
decree in the case of the Attorney General v. Exeter upon the 
scheme for the erection of Almshouses of Atwill's Charity. 
For a subsequent order, dated Jan. 16, 1772, see Report on 
Charities, p. 153 ; see also Cases for Opinions, 1773. For 
suit re Atwill's Charity, see Law Papers, 1784. 

Custody of Orphans. 

L. 135 (1609) is a paper entitled "the age of the children 
of Mr. Thomas Snow [a bailiff, A.D. 1600 Izacke, 142] of the 
Cyttie of Exon, marchant, decessed, anno 1609." There are 
seven children, viz., Grace, Ann, Prudence, Simon, Mary, 
Thomas and Joseph the eldest born Sept. 21, 1590, and 
the youngest April 24, 1607. 

In D. 1697-1698, Nov. 13, 1604, the Chamber gives a receipt 
for 50Z. to Elizabeth Spycer, widow, executrix of the will of 
Christofer Spicer, part of the portion of William Spycer, 
one of the sons of the said Christofer, an orphan in custody 
of the Chamber under the Charter of 2 [i.e., 3] Elizabeth 
[Charter XXXVII, p. 6], to be kept till June 24, 1608. For a 
similar receipt for 100/. on account of George Spycer, 
another son, see D. 1699 (Jan. 23, 1606). For Mrs. TickelTs 
Buit, see L. 173 (Feb. 3, 1615-16), p. 102. 

In L. 189, July 16, 1619, Isaack (sic) Bidwell, widow, 
petitions the Justices of the Western district desiring them 

Wt. 20757, Ex 6 



82 

to call the officers of the Corporation before them to render 
account of monies owing to her late husband, who was an 
orphan in the custody of the Corporation with a note at 
the end by [Sir] Richard Hutton* desiring the Chamber to 
make her some satisfaction or "to make some certificate to 
the Masters of Requests that his Majestie may no more be 
trebled." 

In L. 198 is an undated copy of her petition, in which 
she is called Isott Bidwellf, with footnote : " Referred to the 
Justices of Assize for the countie of Devon." It states that 
her husband being left an orphan, "the Mayor and Aldermen 
of Exeter tooke into their hands certaine goods and chatties 
of his to the vallue of 150?. or thereabouts, of which she claims 
231. IBs. Sd. as still due to her. It is there filed with a letter 
to the Lords of the Council, dated Exeter, July 28, 1621, 
written by [Sir] Laurence TanfieldJ and Sir Richard Hutton, 
to whom it had been forwarded on June 22, 1621. They report 
that they have heard the case and do not think " that shee 
hath any just ground of complaint." 

In L. 264, dated Worcester House, Jan. 7, 1623-4, E[dward 
Somerset Earl of] Worcester writes to the Mayor : "After 
my very hartie comendacons, whereas I lately received a 
letter and this inclosed petition [L. 265], with direction from 
his Majestie that I should write unto you in the behalf e of 
the Petitioner that you should thinke of some satisfaction to 
be forthwith given her or otherwise her cause to have a 
rehearinge in the Court of Requests." He therefore advertises 
the Mayor that " accordingly you would take such order 
therein that this Petitioner maye have no further cause to 
trouble his Majestie with her clamors and complaints," &c. 

L. 265. The petition referred to in L. 264. In this she 
is called " Isott Bidwell, widowe." See also Law Papers, 
" Bidwell v. The Chamber," 1615. 

In L. 268, Westminster, April 24, 1624, John Prouse writes 
to the Mayor : As touching your busynesse with Ge. Spicer, 
I leave the same to my brother's [i.e. William Prouse] pen, 
who can Relate it fully to you, which I doubt not but he will 
performe. 

In Book 51, /. 1336, are " Statutes and Ordynaunces con- 
cerninge the ordringe of Orphanes &c." 

* He was knighted April 13, 1617, and appointed a Justice of Common 
Pleas, May 3, 1617. 

t Probably the same as Isolda, Ysolda (i.e. Isolt), which names occur 
in D. 709 (May 19, 1293) and D. 940 (Jan. 10, 1367). 

I He was knighted March 14, 1604, and appointed Chief Baron of the Ex- 
chequer June 25, 1607. 

He was Lord Privy Seal June 2, 1616, and a Judge of the Court of 
Bequests Feb. 7. 1621. Cal. Dom. (1611-1618), p. 345, 



83 

For proceedings of the Orphans Court, A.D. 1562-1697, see 
Mayors' Court Books, 141-145 ; Misc. Pp., A.D. 1562-1650. 

Exeter Trainbands. 

L. 136 (1609). A list of the names of such as are to serve 
with Pike and Corslett [40 names], with musketts [50] and 
with Collivers [10] [or "calyver," Cotton, Guild, 44], with the 
names of the officers of the band of the East Ward, viz., Thomas 
Martyne, Capttayne [Mayor in 1618], Christopher Spicer, 
Lieutenaunte [Sheriff in 1595], John Blight, Auntient [Bailiff 
in 1608], John Lynn, and Josias Eveleigh, surgents," also 
the names of the Drummes of the East Bande, viz., Radford 
Gill and John Morttymour. 

In L. 257, Nov. 29, 1623, the Lords of the Council command 
[Francis] Lord Russell, Lord Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter 
[see Comm., LXXXII, page 10], to call the musters of the trained 
bands in his counties and to send up certificates of the same 
and what quantities of powder and match are in those counties, 
with footnote : " This is a true copy. Fra. Russell." 

In L. 258, Westminster, Dec. 2, 1623, the above "transcript " 
is forwarded to William Prowse by Richard Meller, who desires 
him to deliver it to the Mayor. 

In Comm., XCVI, June 16, 1627, Francis Earl of Bedford, 
Lord Lieutenant, appoints Robert Giver to be muster-master 
in the city and county of Exeter. Signed, " Fra. Bedford."* 

Swordbearers. 

L. 137. Middleton, Nov. 24, 1610. G. Poulett, "upon 
that small acquaintance that I have with you and the friende- 
shippe you have always showed me," recommends his servant 
the bearer to the Mayor for the office of swordbearer. 
" Whereas there is a motion now in hande for the choice of a 
fitt person to be swordebearer to the City, he is one that you 
have known a good while and that hath dwelte in very civill 
and good fashion and hath served in very good places." 

In L. 146. Silferton, March 31, 1611, Bishop William 
[Cotton, see L. 148, page 47] writes to the Mayor recommending 
one Cranberrye for the same office, " being thereunto intreated 
by some of good sort and fashion, who thinke him to be the 
fittest man yett thought upon for that place." 

In L. 149, Coullom John, Sept. 11, 1612, Sir John Aclande 
writes to the Mayor and Recorder recommending Mr. Tobey 
for the office. " Your Sowrd bearer beinge as I am enformed 
displaced, "f 

* For report of the muster-master of Devonshire forwarded to the Council 
by Francis Earl of Bedford from Woburn on July 3, 1627, see Gal. Dom, 
1627-28, p. 241. 

( i.e. Thomas Toker had been dismissed. Oliver, 244. 



84 

In L. 150, Coullom John, Sept. 20, 1612, the same to the same. 
" The undeserved love and kyndnesses which I have often 
tymes receved from yourselves hathe occasyoned me to 
be no we and then trobelsome unto you by my letters, as 
latlye uppon the importunetye of onne Tobye of Coullompton 
and his frynds, who as I ame enformed sursessethe to 
prosecute his suit anye farder." He now recommends Lennerd 
Cranburye* (see L. 146), as he remembers to have done before 
(i.e. in L. 151). 

In L. 151, March 30, 1612, Sir Amias Bamfyldef and Sir John 
Acland write the Mayor and Recorder : " Wee are geven 
to understande that your olde servant Mr. Northcote is very 
willing to yelde upp his place which he holdeth under you, 
and that you purposse to make Choyse of some other fittinge 
(sic) to serve you in that place. Wee have thought good to 
commende unto you this bearer Leonardo Crambury, whoe 
is willinge to doe you the best service he maye. 

In L. 152 (undated), the same to the Chamber. The fitnes 
and desertes of this berer (unnamed) and the greate desier 
we finde in him to doe you service makes us once againe 
importune you, &c. 

In L. 153 (written at Radford but undated), Mr. John 
Doddridge [or Dodderidge, M.P. for Barnstaple hi 1588] 
recommends Tobias Rocabacke for the office, being informed 
by him " that for most iuste and reasonable causes best 
knowne to yourselves you have suspended your swordbearer 
from the execution of his office." 

For the oath of the swordbearer, see Act Book, II, /. 1896. 

In Act Book, VIII, /. 1916, Jan. 19, 1647, it is agreede that 
Mr. Receiver shall provide and buy a faire newe Beaver for 
the swordbearer of this Cittie to weare att such tymes as he 
waites on Mr. Maior his Maistre in the publick service of this 
Cittie, but not otherwise. 

Loans. 

In L. 140, London, Nov. 17, 1611, Christopher MaynwaringeJ 
forwards to the Mayor (John Lante), an order from the Lords 
of the Council (L. 141), dated Nov. 17, 1611, for the release 
of John Dickinson, " a minister restrayned of his liberty 
heretofore for some unadvised and undutifull speeches uttered 
by him against his Majestie and the State," adding : "I have 
no newes to write you but that yt is sayd how Pryve seales 
shall come foorthe and that the firste sorte of men that shalle 



* He was elected Swordbearer Nov. 23, 1613. Oliver, 244. 

t Or Bamfeild. He was Sheriff of Devon in 1603. 

j Or Maniaring. For grant to him of the advowson of Rewe near Exeter 
Dec. 8, 161 1, see Cal. Dom. 161 1-1618, p. 98. Also of the manor of Bridgnorth 
(T Bridgeford, near Chudleigh), Dec. 21, 1605: Cal. Dom. 1603-1610, p. 272. 
In L. 163 his name appears among the list of Exeter citizens who are able tp 
lend 201. to the King in 1613. 



85 

lend are the lawyers, in whose hands there is oone thirde 
part of the coyne of the Kingedom, which I praye latt 
Mr. Recorder [i.e. William Martyn] knowe, thowghe I would 
nott have him oone of the lending lawyers (except) yt mighte 
come out of Mr. Edmond Parkes rotten bagge." 

In L. 142, Nov., 1611, the Deputy Lieutenants inform 
the Earl of Bath, Lord Lieutenant [see Comm., LXIV, page 10] 
that on Oct. 31 last they "did take (with Mr. Gyles Carpenter) 
a general muster of all our serviceable men, armor and 
munition," and " find them rather in better than in worse 
condicion then in former tymes they have byn." They 
send names* of " our trained soldiers being in number 400," 
and forasmuch as no deputies (but the Maior, Recorder and 
Mr. John Peryam, who ys an aged, weak and sickly gentleman) 
are now living, they desire that some new Deputy Lieutenantsf 
may be appointed and among them Sir George Smythe, " he 
being none as he conceaveth yt because he ys entitled esquier 
and not by his name of dynitye."J They further add : 
" Many of the Inhabitants of this Cittie by divers letters 
from London were certifyed that such loans would be demanded, 
but the same newse was generally distastfull and unwel- 
come," and pray for more time to be allowed them to arrange 
the same. 

In L. 163 (1613) is "a Certificate of the names of those 
persons 1 1 which are hable to lend money to his Majesty upon 
Privy Scales within the Citty and County of Exon," together 
with the names of such as Lent last and yeat are newly Taxed."^[ 

For the forced loan of 1627, see Comm., XCV, p. 11. 

In D. 1759, July 5, 1642, George Langworthie and Ralph 
Herman**, Collectors of money to be raised for the defence of 
the kingdom ft &c., give a bond in 1,0511. 11s. Qd. to the King 
to secure payment of the same sum to Sir Richard Gurney, 
Knight, Lord Mayor of London. JJ 

* The names are not preserved. 

t For their appointment, Feb. 25, 1609, see Comm., LXXV. 

j He was knighted June 12, 1604 (Shaw ii, 133), but is styled "George 
Smyth" in Comm., LXXIV, p. 10, where he is among the Deputy Lieutenants 
for Exeter appointed by the Earl of Bath on Feb. 25, 1609. 

For a list of names of persons in Devonshire fit to lend this money sent 
in by the Earl of Bath from Tavistock on Dec. 13, 1611, see Gal. Dom. 1611- 
1618, p. 100; Hist. MSS. Report, Var. Coll., IV, 91. 

|| Twenty-one in number, beginning with Sir George Smyth, knight, 
161. 13*. 4d. The rest of the amounts are 10Z. or 20Z. each. 

T| i.e. John Davy and John Peryam (each 33?. 65. 8d.) and Thomas Walker, 
" who informeth us of great losse by him very latly sustayned and therefore 
prayeth humbly to be exempted out of this service." 

** He was Mayor in 1652. For his will dated July 25, 1661, see Report on 
Charities, p. 35. 

ft For Committee of Defence appointed Aug. 13, 1641, see Gardiner, X, 2 ; 
Hist MSS. 5th Report, p. 40. 

JJ He was impeached July 5, 1642. For order (March 24, 1643) to distrain 
for payment of this money in Exeter, see Lords' Journals, V, 669, which is 
called a "pretended promise" in Gal. S.P. Dom., 1641-1642, p. 364, July 30, 
1642. 



86 

The Fishing Business. 

L. 143, Exchequer Chamber, Dec. 27, 1611, Sir Julius 
Caesar, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and others write to the 
Chamber respecting the benefit reaped by the United Provinces 
by fishing with "busses in his Majesties seas." "The Trade 
of fishing (being the cheife piller and support of those States) 
doth most properlie and rightlie belong to his Majestie if his 
subiects were so industrious and would take the same course 
that their neighbours do, if some course might be taken for 
erecting of the like vessells in England." They enclose a 
letter (L. 144) addressed to them by the King on the subject 
and desire the Chamber so send up some one or two competent 
persons to consult upon it at a meeting to be held on " the 
second Monday after Twelf night next ensuing." 

In L. 144, at the Palace at Westminster, Nov. 28, 1611, 
the King writes to Sir Julius Caesar, Chancellor and Under 
Treasurer of the Exchequer and others : "Having long desired 
to stirr up the myndes of our people to seeke to recover the 
Decaye of Trade in most of our Coast Townes by erecting of 
Busses in all the Coasts and parts of our Kingdom in imytacon 
of other States our neighbors, some conceaving it fitt to 
procceed by a Joint Companie, some by a Trade disunited, everie 
Towne building and fishing for itself." 

In L. 360, April 16, 1634, the Lords of the Council write 
to the Mayor and Aldermen : "Whereas upon former direccons 
from the Board some of the Marchants of that Citty with 
others of the Westerne Parts did come upp and attend us 
touching the fnshing busines,* we at that tyme had conference 
with them touching the Marchants affaires in France and of 
the disturbance which was given to Trade there, and some 
meetings and debates were held betwixt the said Marchants 
and the Marchants of London concerning that busines and 
some proposicons passed amongst them for the settling 
thereof." They now desire them to send up again the same 
merchants or others to proceed in concluding this so urgent 
and so good a work.f 

The New Inn. 

L. 147, London, June 20, 1612. Mathew Springham and 
18 other London merchants J write to the Chamber interceding 
for " our ffreinde " Valentine Tooker, who had received notice 
to quit his " newe dwellinge howse the Newe Inn," and praying 
that in consideration of his years and services some stipend 
may be given him. 



10 



* For the Society or Association for the Fishing April 22, May 2, Aug. 1. 

, 24, 1633 ; Jan. 2, 1634, see Cal. S.P. Dom., 1633-34, pp. 25, 42, 167, 179, 
191, 390. i.e. for developing the herring fishery and excluding the Dutch 
from fishing in English waters. Gardiner, VII, 349. 

t For Christopher Brodridge and Thomas Knott (bailiffs in 1634), sent up 
on this business, May 29, 1634, see Cal. Dom. 1634-35, p. 42. 

{ Whose signatures are all appended. 



87 

In L. 181, 1617, Thomas [a bailiff in 1620 and 1637 ; sheriff - 
1638] and Samuel Tooker write to the Mayor stating that their 
father Valentine Tooker has recovered 43?. 13s. 4rf. from the 
Chamber by a decree in Chancery for being compelled to leave 
the Newe Inn, of which he had been tenant for many years, 
and desiring that this sum may be paid without putting him 
to the charge of taking out the decree under the Great Seal. 
Notes are added in favour of the petitioners by Richard and 
Symon Baskervile.* 

In L. 183, April 3, 1618, Valentine Tooker gives a receipt 
to the Chamber for Ql. 16s. Qd. " in full satisfaction, recom- 
pence and payment of and for the full and uttermoste value 
of all those selynges, stayned or paynted clothes, shelfes and 
other goods, chattells &c." left by him in the Newe Inn. 

In an endorsement to D. 84, Sept. 29, 1456, the New Inn 
is referred to as in the parish of St. Stephens. 

In D. 1401, Nov. 29, 1527, it is identified in Moore's Calendar 
with a tenement in the East part of " le Egle " ; see also D. 1286 
April 4, 1481, and D. 1318 (Sept. 16, 1493) ; though on what 
evidence does not appear. For "le Egle" see Devonshire 
Association Transactions, XLIV, 490. 

In D. 1447, June 12, 1545, the "newe ynne " is leased for 
58 years by the Dean and Chapter to Master Thomas Sothern, 
Treasurer of the Cathedral. 

In D. 1488, Sept. 24, 1554, it was occupied by Edward 
Close under Thomas Peytevyn, yeoman, as a tenant of the 
Dean and Chapter. See also D. 1495-1496 (Feb. 12, 1555) ; 
D. 1497 (July 7, 1555). 

In D. 1638, June 25, 1586, it is leased to the Mayor &c. by 
the Dean and Chapter for 40 years, when it is described as 
" on the south side of High Street." [See Cotton, Guild, 73 ; 
Ibid. Gleanings, 129.] 

In D. 1639, March 9, 1587, is a receipt for the rent with 
the Chapter Seal. 

In D. 1714, Aug. 14, 1610, is a composition with William 
Hellyar, Archdeacon of Barnstaple, as to a new lease of it. 

InL. 154 (undated, probably 1613) John Howell [Governor of 
the Merchants' Guild, 1591 ; Mayor, 1599] and others write to 
the Mayor, Geoffrey Waltham [i.e. in 1613], and the members of 
the Common Council concerning the rates for the Newe Inn Hall 
and the duties to the same Hall belonging. They say inter 
alia : "We have also procured from London such Rates and 
Orders as were then established the llth day of July, 1612," &c. 

* See L. 172. Simon Baskervill was physician to James I and Charles I. 
Boase, Reg., 86. 



88 

In Act Book, VIII, /. 1676, Aug. 30, 1645, the Chamber 
agree that " aim estate of 21 yeres of the Newe Inn shalbe 
made over to the Chamberlain, Mr. John Parr, and some others 
for the repayment of 100Z. borrowed from the Orphans monie 
at one yeres end with reasonable interest, vi.l. per cente." 

In D. 1760, Oct. 25, 1645, the Mayor, Bailiffs and Com- 
monalty assign to John Crewkerne [the Chamberlain] and 
John Parr a lease of the New Inn for 12 years. 

In D. 1784, Nov. 24, 1687, the Chamber mortgages the 
Newe Inn for 300Z. 

In L. 393, London, Oct. 12, 1647, and L. 395, Bradninch, 
Nov. 18, 1647, are references to shops in the New Inn. [Both 
these lettere are printed in Cotton, Gleanings, pp. 130, 131, 
where the latter is wrongly dated Sept. 18, 1647.] For official 
decuments dated from the New Inn, see L. 429, Aug. 2, 1663 ; 
L. 527, Nov. 17, 1754. 

In L. 475, Nethway, Oct. 25, 1715, J. Fownes writes (? to 
the Town Clerk) : "In order to have the Interest of the 
Debt due from the Citty to Mr. Drewe* and himself fully 
answered. Wee have bin Amused with Sundry projects for 
giving us Satisfaction on the Sales of New Inn &c., but all 
those as certainly vanish into Smoak almost as soon as they 
are proposed. This way of proceeding has indeed worne 
out my patience, and itt Cannot bee thought amiss in mee 
if I now press for redress of this Greivance since I have bin 
kindly admonished by some of your owne body to take care 
of myself in season ere this wound is grown too big for the 
plaister &c. 

Piracy. 

In L. 156, Whitehall, March, 1612-13, is a fragment of a 
letter from the Lords of the Council to the towns of Lyme, 
Plymouth, Dartmouth, Totnes, Weymouth &c., concerning 
pirates from Brittany. 

In D. 1722, May 24, 1613, the Chamber of Exeter have 
fitted out a ship called the Hopewell of Dartmouth (80 tons), 
of which John Chafe of Exeter is captain, to pursue pirates 
in accordance with a letter dated March 26, 1613 [see 
Cal Dom. 1611-1618, p. 177] from Charles [Howard] Earl of 
Nottingham, Lord High Admiral, under his commission 
dated April 4, 1610.f 

In D. 1723, 1724, July 2, Aug. 20, 1613 [with a copy among 
the Transcripts] is a similar commission to John Chaffe to 
fit the Amytie of Plymouth (100 tons), press men &c., and 
pursue the said pirates. 

* Probably Francis Drew, M.P. for Exeter, 1713, 1715. 
t For his order to Barnstaple, March 20, 1610, see Cal. S.P. Dom., 1603- 
1610,2?. 593. 



In L. 177, June 7, 1617, is a much damaged report by the 
Attorney General [Sir Henry Yelverton] concerning the 
London merchants trading with Spain and Portugal. 

In L. 178 (? 1617) (much damaged) is the humble remon- 
strance and information of the said merchants, stating their 
grievances Endorsed : " The remonstrance of the Londoners 
unto the counsel board," docketed in an earlier hand : 
" Papers, letters, leases and other things belonging to the 
Chamber of Exeter, 1626." 

In L. 179, Star Chamber, Friday, Oct. 10, 1617 (much 
damaged) is a copy of an order from the Lords of the Council 
respecting a new Charter being about to be granted to the 
London Merchants trading with Spain and Portugal. The Cities 
of Bristol and Exeter having protested against it, the 
Merchants of London are ordered to draw up in writing what 
they desire to be contained in their Charter and to submit it 
to such of the West Country merchants as are here attending. 

In L. 180, Oct., 1617, is a copy of an Order of the Lords 
of the Council refusing to grant the Charter desired by the 
London Merchants.* 

In D. 1750, Dec. 10, 1630, is a receipt from the Exchequer 
for 500Z. out of 1,OOOZ. given by the Merchants of Exeter and 
500?. from the City of Exeter towards the suppression of the 
Algerine pirates. 

In L. 357, Whitehall, May 21, 1633, the Lords of the Council 
inform the Chamber that a petition having been received 
from the Western parts [i.e. in April, 1631 : Gal. S.P. Dom., 
1631-33, p. 28], praying for a Commission to fit out ships, all 
merchants on the Coast from Southampton to Land's End to 
contribute to cost, " complaining of divers spoyles and outrages 
done unto them and on their goods by the Turkish pirates," 
they are requested to send up one or more persons from the 
several towns to appear before the board and that they may 
not fayle to be here by the first of June to entreat and conclude 
about the matter. 

Observance of Lent. 

L. 158, Whitehall, Dec. 10, 1613. The Lords of the Council 
request the members of the chamber to set good examples 
in their own families and persons in regard to the strict 
observance of Lent, enclosing a copy of printed Rules and 
Orders on the subject [not preserved] i.e. not to eat flesh in 
Lent or on Fridays throughout the year. [For order in 

* For 40.000J. contributed by London merchants for suppressing the 
pirates of Algiers and Tunis, see Gardiner, III, 70, which sum Exeter thought 
insufficient, though promising (July 12, 1617) a reasonable contribution 
to the cost of the proposed expedition. See Col. S.P. Dom., 1616-1618, 
pp. 475, 476. 



90 

Council, Feb. 5, 1613, see Cal. S.P. Dom., 1611-1615, p. 169, 
with similar orders to Cinque Ports, March 3, 7, 10, 1614, 
Ibid, p. 226.] 

In D. 1665 (1593-4) are 13 bonds restraining divers persons 
in Exeter that they " do not from henceforth kill or cause 
to be killed any flesh whatsoever in the tyme of restraynte 
of killing of fleshe." 

In Act Book, VII, /. 2036, May 26, 1621, it is agreed " that 
warnynge shalbe geven by the Constables of every warde 
unto all the cookes of the Cytye not to dresse any vytualls 
in ther houses on any ffryday or Saturday." 

Aid for the Marriage of Princess Elizabeth. 

L. 161, undated (? 1612). The Lords of the Council send in- 
structions to the Commissioners for the levyinge and collectinge 
the Ayde due to his Majestie for the marriage of the Ladie 
Elizabeth, his eldest daughter.* Signed, " G. Cant.," " T. 
Ellesmere Cane.," " H. Northampton," and three others. 

The Charter of 1627. 

L. 164. June 3, 1614. The Chamber inform the Lord 
Chancellor [Thomas Egerton Baron Ellesmere] and the Earl of 
Northampton [Henry Howard, see page 76], Lord Privy Seal 
that they are about to petition for a confirmation of their 
Charters and the addition of some new powers [i.e. as pre- 
liminary to Charter XLV], and pray him to give countenance 
to their two burgesses, Mr John Prowse and Mr. Thomas 
Martyn [M.P.'s for Exeter in Parliament of 12 James I from 
April 15 to June 7, 1614], who are deputed to manage the 
business. 

In L. 219, London, May 18, 1622, William Prouz writes 
to the Chamber : I have made searche in the Roles of the 
confirmacon of your Charter in Queen Maries Rainge, but 
can finde none neyther hathe the same ben confirmed since 
his Majesties Reinge. Be pleased to take into your con- 
sideracon the necessitie thereof and to redeeme tyme. I 
learne of a graunte latelie made by his Majestie to the students 
of a fellowship in Cambridge for the re-edifyinge of theire 
hawle and other offices in theire howse, to passe certaine 
marketts, faires and confirmacon of Charters which theie 
by the meanes of certeine courtiers have procured under 
the King's hand and thereupon a booke is drawen by the 
.Kinge's Councell. Yf the Chamber shall thinke fit to undergoe 
the burden of the charge which this waye will passe with 
more secrescye, safetie and les charge then otherwise it will 
yf purposelie It be attempted now is your tyme, for yf It be 

* b. Aug. 1596 ; mar. Feb. 13, 1613, to Frederick son of the Elector 
Palatine Gardiner, II, 161. For commission for levying the aid, Aug. 30, 
1612, see Kym., VII, pt. 2, p. 184. 



91 

hereafter endevoured as a particuler suite to his Majestic 

1 know It cannot be obteyned under 1,000 markes, besides It 
maie receive stronge opposicon by our Bishop and his 
Collegiates when It shall be understood. My affections to 
this mocion are guided with care and providence to the safetie 
of your government and the ease of the charge which I do 
presume shalbe so providently husbandred as yf you inclyne 
to the mocion shall not cost the Chamber above 200?. I have 
fullie acquainted Mr. Recorder with this proposicon, who 
upon debate of my reasons and the readines of the present 
oportunitie to obteine the same hathe advised me by my 
pen to advertise this muche to your Chamber. Wee have 
likewyse considered of some pointes by waie of addicon to 
be added in the new Charter, yf It shalbe thought meete by 
the wisdome of the Chamber to be prosecuted, which I leave 
to your better consideracions. 

In L. 311, [undated Nov. 8, 1627, Col. S.P. Dom., 1627-28, 
p. 426,] is a rough draft of a petition from the Chamber to the 
King for a renewal of the Charter. In this they desire that 
the Mayor, Bailiffs and Sariants may in future be chosen 
on the first Monday in September instead of the Monday 
before Michaelmas. That the Mayor may be a Justice of the 
Peace during his term of office and for a year afterwards, 
and that whereas by former Charters they might purchase 
lands and tenements to the yearly value of 1001. for the defray- 
ing of all burdens and charges importing the city, that amount 
might in future be extended. 

In L. 312 (1627) is a bill of charges of Mr. Robert Tooker 
for charges and rekenyng made at London incurred in 
procuring the new Charter of the city, including : 

Imprimis 11s. 2d. for a supper made at the Kyng's hedd 
to Mr. Atturney and Mr. Hynde and to Mr. Chydlie, the 
King's sergeants, as followeth : For a sholder of mutton 
and a loyne (10d.), a fatt capon (2s.), a copell of robetts (8d.), 

2 woodcocks (Bd.), a dosyne of larks (8d.} } for a man ys 
labour to bere thys to King's hedd (Id.), for bredd (6d.), 
ale (19d.), wyne (22d.), fyre (4d.), fruyte and bysketts (12d.), 
for rostyng ye meat and butter (I2d.). 

Item paide to Mr. Atturney for his labours taken upon 
the book 20s., with 10s. and 6s. Sd. respectively to 
the two King's Serjeants and 2s. for fechyng owt the 
copie of the Charter out of the rolls and 4d. to the Keeper 
of the rolls. 

Item at a nother time I hadd them agayne at ye Kyngs 
hedd and then I delyvered similar amounts in fees to 
Mr. Atturney and the two King's Serjeants, and this 
time he paid Id. for a pott of ale and Id. " for candell 
lyght," making a gross total of 4J,. Os. 



92 

Further items include 105. to Mr. Atturney for his labours 
in overseyng the booke at the last time, 5s. to Thomas 
Bonyfault for copyng out of the booke and for his 
laboure at the Kyng's hedd with Mr. Atturney and the 
others, also 12d. to Mr. Atturney ys servaunt, for to 
putt his master yn remembraunce for our booke, 105. 
for ye engrosyng upp ye booke yn parchmentt ; 4d. to ye 
servaunts for the examination of it ; I2d. to Mr. Chydlie 
ys servaunt. 

Besides this Mr. Chydlie and Mr. Pollard each receive 
a fee of 20s. and MJ. Secretary a fee of 41. 

The Bodley Lectureship. 

L. 165. May 7, 1615(?). J. Bodley* sends to Mr. John 
Peryamf a copy of the willj of his late uncle, Mr. Lawrence 
Bodley : 

Right loving cousen, since the tyme I perused my uncle's 

last will and testament I many times desired to give 

you a coppie of the . . . given and bequeathed unto 

the City of Exeter, but over ruling busines overmais- 

tering my desires I was commaunded silence untill this 

present day. At the length having gotten a breathing 

houre I have sent you the sayd coppie taken out of 

the will verbatim and word for word as they be there. 

Then follows the extract in which Lawrence Bodley bequeaths 

400/. to the Mayor, Bailiffs and Commonalty of Exeter to 

purchase land which shall yield 201. p.a. for the yearly mayn- 

tenance of a sufficient preacher within the Citye of Exeter 

for ever, to be chosen by the sayd Maior and his Companie 

of the Chamber of the sayd Citye of Exeter, and by them 

to be allwayes appoynted to exercise and preach a sermon 

weeklye on the Sabbath dayes for ever in such convenient 

place or places within the sayd Citye of Exeter as shall be 

by them procured and thought most fitt and most profitable 

for edificacion," the said preacher to be " allowed for his 

sufficiencie and conformitie according to the law of the realm 

* i.e. John son of 'Miles Bodley (d. 1595), who was the youngest brother 
of Sir Thomas Bodley (b. at Exeter, March 2, 1525, d. Jan. 28, 1613). For a 
letter from Sir Thomas Bodley in Exeter Cathedral Records (dated London, 
March 6, 1601 ?), see Hist. MSS. Comm. Var. Coll. iv, 91. He mentions 
his nephew John in his will in 1613. See Pietas Oxon. p. 19 ; F. W. B. Troupe 
Sir Thomas Bodices Father and Kindred, p. 62. In D. 380 (Feb. 12, 1582) 
William Bodleigh, merchant, sells 2 acres of land called " Noseworthies 
Mead " in the parish of St. David's, Exeter (with his seal and signature 
" William Bodleigh "). In L. 414 (Dartmouth, July 3, 1656), John Bodley 
writes to the Chamber in reference to a house of his in Exeter. 

f He was a relative of Bodley's by marriage with one of the Hones of Ottery 
St. Mary. Troupe, p. 4. 

J Dated April 12, 1615, proved June 3, 1615. Troupe, 62. For the text, 
gee Re.pt. on Char., 250. 

A brother of Sir Thomas, 6. 1546 or 1548 ; d. April 19, 1615 Troupe, 
pp. 2, 42, 43. He held the prebend of Warminster (Wells) in 1580, and was 
afterwards a canon of Exeter (Le Neve,i., 179, 422). He was buried in Exeter 
Cathedral. Pietas Oxon. 19. 



93 

by the Bishop of the diocese or the Archbishop of Canterbury." 
The writer adds : I found also written beneath these words 
touching Mr. William Martin : 

Good loving cousen, Mr. William Martin, I doe desire you 
to be carefull amongst the Company of ye citye for the 
performance of this my last will for the procuring of 
a preacher for the citye. Thus, loving cousen, I have 
sent you the true coppye of the said Legacye. What is 
to be done herein I leave to your best judgmente, humbly 
beseeching the eternal! God to direct all your actions 
that soe they may turne to his glory and your own 
comforte. Your poore kinsman to be commaunded 
to his best power, J. Bodley. 

In L. 168, Aug. 28, 1615, John Peryam informs the Mayor 
that he has written to Mr. Orforde [though he signs himself 
" William Forde " in L. 188] about the preacher, and told him 
that although his cousin Bodley's will only allows 201. a year, 
the Chamber will make it 40Z. by contribution among them- 
selves and encloses his reply (L. 169). 

In L. 169, Clysthidon,* Aug. 23, 1615, William Orforde 
writes to John Peryam recommending the preacher who 
brought Sir Valentine Knightley'sf letter to him, viz., one 
Thomas Purselowe, for the Bodley preachership. 

In Act Book,VII, /. 92&, Oct. 24, 1615, the Chamber agree 
that Mr. Gupwell and Mr. Coleton shall ryde to Monke 
Okehampton to vewe certeyne landes offered to this house to 
be sold for the provision of 20Z. by the yeere to be given for 
the maintenance of a precher according to the will of 
Doctor Bodley. 

In L. 171, Nov., 1615, John Periam, John Prouz and 14 
others write to the Bishop [William Cotton] nominating 
Mr. John Hazard as Bodley preacher, and desire to know if 
any exception is taken against him by the Bishop. They add : 
" The reason whie wee make choice of him is because he is 
willinge to undertake the lecture for the yerlie stipende of 
Twenty Poundes, he having other Livinges amonge us in the 
righte of his wife, where he is desirous to live rather than 
elsewhere." 

In Act Book, VII, /. 104, Jan. 16, 1616, the Chamber agree 
to nominate and appoynt Mr. John Hassard, minister, to be 
lecturer accordynge to the will of Doctor Bodley, and for as 
muche as this house hath offered or presented hym to the 
Lord Byshop of this dioces, with requestynge his Lordship 
to allow of hym according to the said will of whom the said 
Lord Byshop hath refused to allowe without any juste cause 

* i.e. Clyst Hydon, of which Orforde was parson. Boase, Reg., 81. 
f i-e. of Fawsley (Northants). He was knighted May 11, 1603, and rf, 
in 1618, 



94 

to the knowledge of this house. Therefore it is agreed that a 
letter shalbe wrytten by Mr. Mayor and the rest of the mem- 
bers of the house unto the Arche Bishop of Caunterbury 
[George Abbot] thereby shewynge the refusall of the Bishop 
requestynge his grace's allowance of the said Mr. Hassard 
to be lecturer as aforesaid. And toward his charges in 
folowynge the same busynes this house is contented to geve 
hym xli. to be payd by Mr. Recever and he to be allowed therof 
upon his accompte. And it is also ordered that the said 
Mr. Hasard yf he do obteyne his graces allowance herein 
shall not have, nor may not expecte to have any more or 
greater pension or allowance from the house than the xxfo'. 
yerely appoynted by the said will of Mr. Doctor Bodley. 

In L. 174, April 5, 1616, is "the summe and substance 
of the conference between the Bishop of Exon and Jo. Ha : 
att Silverton, April 5, 1616." The report is given in the form 
of a dialogue between H. (i.e. Hazard) and B. (the 
Bishop) : 

H. : My Lorde, I doubte not but your Lordship hath 
notice of my Lord of Canterbury's proceeding in the 
establishinge of Dr. Bodleye's lecture uppon me 
accordinge to the Cyttyes nomination. Yet I have 
thought fitt to come unto you humbly requestinge your 
Lordship's approbation also ... as also to free my 
selfe from those imputations that are unjustly cast 
uppon me. 
B. : Why, have you my lord of Canterbury's license ? 

H. : Yes. 

B. : Lett me see ytt [and so he read ytt and sayde] What ! 
Chosen two churches, yn one of which there are two 
preachers allreadye ? H. : These churches are chosen 
as being estimated the largest and consequently the 
fittest to conteyne the auditorye, and besides there is 
noeintention by this lecture to drowne any of those 
exercises that are allready established, but to have 
a divers tyme from them. 

B. : Why ! is it entended that ytt shalbe on the Saboath 
daye ? H. : What else ? How can the will of the 
testator be otherwise fulfilled ? 
B. : The will names no daye. H. : Yes, ytt expressly 

nominates the Sabaoth. 

B. : I am sure ytt doth not. H. : My lord, I know the 

contrary, and to decide the controversy you shall 

see ytt [and with that I shewed him the extracte of 

that parte of the will which I had about me]. 

B. : Why ! do you thinke that those lectures shalbe 

abolished that are there allready ? H. : There is no 

such intention (as I have said before), but the lecture 

maybe att an other tyme of the daye. 

B. : There is never of them but are as goode as yourself e, 

and why shoulde their lecture give place to this ? 



95 

H. : Your lordship mistakes me. I meane no such 
matter. But to leave this, do your lordship deny 
my lord of Canterbury's authorytye to license? 

B. : I will not resist higher authorytye, but you shall 
never have my approbation to ytt. H. : Will you 
suffer me to enioye ytt by the authorytye of my lord of 
Canterbury ? 

B. : In fayth I dare not, and besides I must see that 
assurance be given that the parisheners shall not be 
molested and kept out of theire seates. H. : My lord, 
I have nothinge to do with that. If any disorder be, 
lett the partyes delinquent be presented and punished ; 
but for myne owne parte I suppose that this course 
is not agreeable to the testator's will for his desire 
was that not only the people of the same parish, but 
also such poore people of the Cyttye as could not come 
to heare att St. Peter's might be present att this, ytt 
beinge a publick lecture and not to be appropriated to 
the inhabitants of any one particular parish. 

B. : Oh, are you come hither to expound the will to me ? 
I tell you 'tis no will. Will you take uppon you that 
none of the higher sort come, but only the poore? 
H. : My lord, I expound not the will, though the 
words therein be (As is thought most fitt and most 
profitable for edification). But I speake from those 
who were well acquainted with Dr. Bodlye's entente 
and meaninge in ytt. 

B. : I tell you I will have order taken that the parisheners 
may keepe theire owne places and seates, for they 
may sitt after some and so gett infection from them. 
H. : To this I replied not, but sayde : My lord, ac- 
cordinge to the 37th Canon I tender subscription to 
you. 

B. : That needs not. I see you have done ytt before 
the Bishop of Canterbury and before me when I made 
you minister, and I much repent that I made you 
minister. H. : But it repenteth me not a whit. I 
pray you shew some cause of rejection of me now. 

B. : You are not of my diocesse. I am not bounde to give 
you my reasons, neither will I. H. : My lord, yff 
you have any thinge to obiecte against my doctrine 
formerly taught I am here ready to answer ytt to the 
face of any man that shall accuse me. 

B. : You have preached false doctrine [but would not 
shew me wherein, because I know he could not]. And 
beside (sayth he) you have been a companion with 
Trasque. H. : My lord, ytt is not so, for I can bringe 
good testimony that I have twise publickly in two 
several! sermons att Lyme confuted the erroneous 
fancyes of Trasque, beside my brief notes I have yett 
to shew and I refere you to Mr. Knowles his testimony 



96 

of the truth of this the whole towne of Lyme can wittnes 
the same. 

B. : Where are you letters demissory ? H. : My lord, 
I brought you an ample certificate from Lyme, where 
I have last made my aboade, and beside I have my 
lord of Canterbury's approbation. 

B. : My lorde of Canterbury knowes you not but by 
reporte. H. : So nether doth your lordshipp. You 
have no iuste exception against me. 

B. : Yes, I know you too well ; did not I make you 
minister, Sir? H. : Yes, but uppon small knowledge 
both before and since. 

B. : Therefore I desire letters demissory from your 
ordinarye the Bishop of Bristol or Bath and Wells. 
H. : He is not our ordinarye, for we are a peculiar 
and I have been advised that I neede them not, seeinge 
I was made minister by you, &c., but yet yf that 
will give you satisfaction (yf ytt be thought fitt) I can 
easyly procure ytt. 

B. : Housoever you shall never come in by my consent. 
H. : I cannot do withall. I hope I may by vertue of 
this licence. 

B. : If you offer to preach before I see your letters 
demissory I will suspende you. And take this for an 
absolute Answere : You shall never have my approbation 
yf you will do ytt by virtue of my lord's licence alone, 
which you have procured, use your owne discretion. 
With that he tolde me he had donne, and so we toke 
our leaves. 

(flfinis.) John Hassarde. 

Hugh Jermyn. 

In Act Book, VII, /. 1076, May 2, 1616, the Chamber agree 
that the Citty ys (by the last will and testament of Mr. Doctor 
Bodley and by the reseat of the 400Z. and by our letters to 
the Lord Archbishopp's Grace of Canterbury and by our seal to 
the said Doctor Bodley's executors, and by our owne Act 
dated the 16 of Aprill laste) Bounden to paye to Mr. Doctor 
Bodley's lecturer the xxfo*. lymited to be paid to these (sic) 
lecturer. 

In Act Book, VII, /. 1316, May 21, 1617, it is agreed to have 
a Divine from the Universitie to supplie the place of Mr. Hasard 
in reading the Sabbathe Day's lecture founded by Mr. Doctor 
Bodlighe, late deceased, and for that the pension allotted by 
the said ffounder is so small, amounting but to xxli. per 
annum, yt is farther agreed that every one of the fowr twentie 
for augmentation thereof shall pay unto him that shalbe 
elected ten shillings at the least p. ann. to continue untill 
some other provision may be procured for the increase 
thereof. 



97 

In L. 188, (King James' Hospital in Charter House,* 
June 12, 1619), William Forde (see p. 93) writes to the Mayor, 
Thomas Martin, respecting his resignation of the Bodley 
Lectureship and desires to have a house to live in besides 
his stipend. He excuses his delay in writing, because : 
" We depende uppon the leasure of our Governours, who 
may not neglecte their weightier affaires of the whole Common 
Wealth for lesser matters of our private house." 

In Act Book, VII, /. 1746, Oct. 31, 1619. This day an 
acquytance was sealed with Mrs. Mogrydge for the receyte 
of the 200Z. geven by her late husbandf unto the Cytye for 
the better mayntenaunce of the lecture ordeyned by Doctor 
Bodley. 

In Act Book, VII, /. 1856, June 15, 1620. At this day 
George Tyckell, clerke, is elected to perforate the exercise 
of the lecture founded by Doctor Bodley to hold and contynue 
the same for the space of ffyve or seven yeres accordynge as he 
shall obteyne allowance and approbacion of the lord Bishoppe 
of this dioces yf he lyve so long and do contynue the exercyse 
of the same lecture for which he is to have yerely xxxli. 
quarterly to be payde. 

In Act Book, VII, /. 186, June 29, 1620. This day Mr. Amye 
and Mr. Fflay are requested by the house to ryde to the 
lord Byshoppe to treate with hym concernynge his allow- 
ance of Mr. Tyckelle to be lecturer for the performance of 
thexercysie of preachynge accordynge to the last will of 
Doctor Bodley. 

In L. 266, Exeter College, Jan. 20, 1623-4, Laurence Bodley % 
(brother to John Bodley, L. 165) writes to the Chamber con- 
senting to refer the matter in dispute between them concerning 
his uncle's will to Mr. Nicholas Ducke [Recorder, see page 77] 
and Mr. William Hakewill (sic}. 

In L. 268, Westminster, April 24, 1624, John Prouse writes 
to the Mayor : I knowe you do expect to heare what is done 
concerning Mr. Bodleye's business, and my hope was before 
this tyme to have sent you downe that Instrument which 
was promised long since to be sealed by the two brethren, || 
which they have refused to do upon some newe scruple 
unknowen to me, and the businesse is at a stand untill there 
aunsweare come up, which is expected dailye if they shall 
hold their first promise ; then I make no doubt but to sende 

* It was called also Button's Hospital, having been purchased on May 9, 
1611, by Thomas Sutton, who died Dec. 12, 1611. 

t i.e. Thomas Mogridge, of Exeter, by hia will dated July 14, 1617. 
Kept, on Charities, p. 251. 

j Rector of Clyst Hydon, (d. 1634). Boase, Reg. Exon., pp. cii, 97. 

Or Hackwell (L. 229). He was brother to Doctor George Hakewell 
(L. 172), and an executor of Sir Thomas Bodley 's will. Cotton, Guild, 38. 

|| i.e. John and Lawrence Bodley. 

Wt. 20757. Ex 7 



98 

downe the deed, if not I will acquaint you with what Rubb 
this passage is stopped. 

In L. 287, Exeter Colledge, Dec. 27, 1626, Mr. Lawrence 
Bodley writes to the Chamber : Hearing that they are " upon 
a new choyce of Dr. Bodley 's lecturer," he wishes to call to 
their remembrance that the testator's " desire was to have 
such a preacher whose piety and zeale should hold pace with 
his learninge and science." How farr your late Lecturer 
followed him either in that practise or in ye intention of his 
will I dare not say, but he heares ill abroad, and so doth your 
election in him, when I enquire (as I doe oft) of travellers to 
Oxford how it stands with my uncle's lecture, ye common 
answare is : " Alas ! it is almost come to nothinge, for either 
it is not performed at all or in much negligence and sometimes 
with scandall too through ye Lecturers deboishtnes." He trusts 
that the object of their next choice may be every way 
sufficient. [See Troupe, p. 44.] 

In Act Book, VIII, /. 1736, March 21, 1646, whereas Mr. 
Mr. William Fuller, clerk, about two yeres since was elected* 
to preach the lecture heretofore founded by Doctor Bodlie, 
who hath nowe lefte this Cittie, it is this day agreede by 
13 afirmative voices that the Grante made to him shall ceasse, 
which is intimated by Sir John Berkley, our Governor, to be 
the desire of the said Mr. William ffuller. Alsoe this dayf 
Mr. Thomas ffuller, Bachelour of Divinitie, is by full consent 
elected to perform the said lecture according to the direction 
of the said Doctor Bodley, to have and exercise the same at 
the will and pleasure of the Maior and Common Counsel! of 
the Cittie and no longer. 

In Act Boole, VIII, /. 178, June 17, 1646. This day 
Mr. Thomas ffuller is dismissed from further performance 
of the lecture founded by Doctor Bodley. [See Oliver, Hist., 
p. 118.] 

In L. 427, Aug. 8, 1662, Sir William Courtenay, Sir Robert 
Gary and 16 other gentlemen of Devon (all of whose signatures 
are appended) write to the Mayor and his Brethren recom- 
mending Francis Moore, clerk and preacher in your Citty, 
for Dr. Bodley's Lectureship, "having a greate opinion 
of your forwardnes to advance the gospell of Christ by 
orthodoxall and conforming ministers of the Church of 
England." 

In Act Book, X, /. 1666 (Aug. 19, 1662). This day Francis 
Moore is elected to supplie the lecture heretofore founded by 

* i.e. on Nov. 19, 1643. Oliver, 118. 

f Galled just 10 days before the city surrendered to Fairfax on April 13, 
1646. Cotton, Gleanings, p. 108. 



99 

Doctor Bodlye and others in the place of Mr. fferdinando 
Nicholles,* who hath of late deserted the further performance 
of the same. 

In Act Book, XI, /. 626, June 13, 1667, it is this day ordered 
that Mr. Moore doe preach Doctor Bodleye's lecture in 
St. Laurence Church once every Lord's day for one moneth nowe 
next ensuing. 

For further documents referring to the same subject, see 
D. 460, &c., s.v. The Rectory of Hennock, p. 275. 

The Virginia Company. 

L. 167. July 15, 1615. Richard Martynf writes to the 
Mayor, stating that he has presented the Patent of High 
Steward of Exeter to the Earl of Suffolk (see page 76), adding : 
" I may not forgett to returne unto you the humble thancks 
of our poore Councell and Company of Verginia for your 
bouutifull returne of ther lottery booke,J which as it shewes 
your charity and love to honourable and relligious actions, 
so hath it done good in example and advantaged our purpose 
in procuring more adventures. The coldness and back- 
wardness of other places and persons in returning ther books 
hath made us once more to deferr the drawing out till 
November peremptorily by God's leave. Meanetime I reserve 
your adventures amounting to 97Z. in my hands because 
by a bill under my hand I have given to my brother assurance 
to redeliver the money if by any unknowne (or unfeard) 
mischance ye lottery should not be drawen, which I make 
no doubt at ye time appointed shalbe done with right and 
order to every one's satisfaction and to ye benefitt of your 
adventurers, who best deserve the best prizes." 

Exeter College, Oxford. 

L. 172. Exeter College, Jan. 15, s.a. [but should be 1619, 
as Mr. Martin is Mayor]. John Prideaux, Rector of Exeter 
College, writes to the Mayor : " Wee understand by 
Mr. Farington of your exceeding forwardnesse to your citizens 
in the behalf of our colledge, for which howsoever it speed 
wee must ever acknowledge ourselves bound unto you. Two 
thynges wee heare are objected as hinderances our unwilling- 
nesse to preferre any of your citty in our house and corruption 

* He was elected in March, 1654 (Cotton, Gleanings, p. 164), and died 
April 13, 1663. Oliver, p. 159. 

f He was appointed Recorder of London Oct. 1, 1618, and died at the 
end of the same month. Cal. Dom., 1611-1618, p. 589. 

J lor order of Council, Feb. 16, 1615, to send letters to cities to join in 
a lottery to assist in the plantation of Virginia, see Acts of Privy Council 
(Colonial), i, 8. For such a letter sent to Canterbury, Feb. 22, 1615, see 
Cal. (Colonial), 1574-1660, p. 17. For the 1st charter, April 10, 1606, 
see Gardiner ii, 51 ; 2nd charter, May 28, 1609: O.P.C. Colonial, p. 515. 

i.e. since April 4, 1612. He became Bishop of Worcester on Dec. 19, 
1641. 



100 

in the admitting.* But we request those that urge the first 
to take notice that Dr. BaskerviU.f Dr. Hakewell,J Dr. 
Vilvayne and some others of good note were Exceter 
men. If Exceter men succeeded them not it is not the averse- 
nesse of our societye but the backwardnesse and negligence 
of such as come short of their parts, or will not use the meanes. 
Noe Exceter man (I am sure) hath just cause to complayne in 
this kind, nor I trust ever shall." He denies the charge of 
corruption, and will leave his place if it is proved. He hints 
that the city might do something for the College, as 
Mr. Peryam || and Sir John Aclande (see L. 100) have shewed 
you the 



L. 187 [undated, probably 1618]. John Prideaux, the Rector, 
and other members of Exeter College, write to the Mayor, the 
Aldermen and the Four and Twenty of the City of Exeter : 

" Right Worthy, It may seeme strange unto you that 
Exceter Colledge should now after 300 years sithens it was 
built become a sutor to the City of Exceter to be at length 
finished. Wee confesse this might have been thought of 
sooner, but (as wee are persuaded) there was never heretofore 
the like opportunity and assurance of speeding. Wee neede 
not use as motives our Founders the Bishops of that Sea, our 
Colledge bearing the name of your Citye, the multitude of 
worthy men it hath bred received from you and returned 
furnished to doe service in Church and Country. These 
things (we are sure) you account and esteeme as somwhat. 
But if it please you further to take notice that Exceter Colledge 
besides the revenues it possesseth (meaner in regard of the 
company then any other Colledge) is also the most unseemely 
for buildings and scanted for lodgings, wee cannot thinke 
but that out of your worthy and religious disposition you 
would doe somewhat to bringe it to an uniformity which never 
before this tyme could be hoped for, and now by your good 
meanes may conveniently be accomplished. One vacant 
place is already of late supplyed by the religious liberality 
of our worthy Benefactor Mr. John Periam to the glory of 
of God, the grace of our Colledge and . . . further is now 
undertaken by another of our countrymen, whose work will 
make him shortly knowne to be never here after forgotten. 
A third space is (as it were) by divine providence left for 

* For a letter written by him to Bishop Laud on the same subject on 
Feb. 14, 1631, see Col. Dow., 1629-1631, p. 508. 

t See L. 181, page 87. 

j See L. 266, page 97. He became Archdeacon of Surrey Feb. 7, 1617 ; 
was chaplain to Prince Charles (afterwards Charles I) on July 28, 1621. 
Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 279 ; and rector of Exeter College in 1642. Boase, 
Reg., 87. 

See Commissions <kc., XCVIII, page 12: Lloyd Parry, Exeter School, 64. 
For his benefactions to Exeter College, see Freeman, p. 177. For John Vilvayn 
of Exeter, Hellirre (i.e. Helier), see L. 79, Nov. 2, 1576. 

|| i.e. John Peryam, see D. 623, page 277. Oliver, 219. 

f For their benefactions to Exeter College, see Boase, Reg., pp. cviii, 20, 
269, 317, 318, 



101 

you, which if God so move your harts to continue to the rest 
of the buildings we shall at length see Exceter Colledge in a 
square as other colledges are, and pray for the Honoured 
Corporation of the City of Exeter amongst the rest of our 
worthy Benefactors, which we much desire. If God shall 
put in your hearts that this earnest suite of ours find 
acceptance amongst you, Mr. Isaiah Farrington,* a learned, 
sincere and truly religious man, once a worthy member of 
our Colledge, will be at hand to informe for the best effecting 
of it. Ourselves upon any notice of your good inclinations 
will bee ready to satisfie all doubts and give aU further content. 
The thinge that wee desire cannot be more for us then for you and 
your children, to whom it will be a comfort and creditt in future 
ages that they lodge in those buildings which their Auncestors 
have founded. Our successours will recount with thank- 
fullness what the City of Exceter hath done for Exceter Colledge. 
The portion so allotted will be a blessinge to the rest of your 
store, it will come home againe into your bosoms when you 
little thinke of it. The Lord that hath made us thus confident 
and given so good occasions through other men's liberality to 
sollicite you in this businesse will (wee trust) direct your 
respects to such a publique good rather then to private excuses 
and prosper that worthy Corporation for which we shall never 
cease to pray. Your very lovinge ffreindes, 

John Prideaux, Rector. 

Richard Amye, Sub-rector. 

and 12 others, including Laurence Bodley and John Vivian, 
all of whose signatures are appended. 

[The letter which bears the seal of the College is undated, 
but endorsed 1618 by Isacke.] 

In L. 184, Lympstone, Oct. 27, 1618, Isaiah Farrington 
writes thanking the Mayor [Thomas Marten] for his " kinde 
affection towards Exeter Collidge," and encloses a letter 
(L. 185) to be delivered to the Chamber. 

In L. 185, Lympstone, Oct. 27, 1618, Isaiah Farrington 
asks the Chamber for assistance to increase the buildings of 
Exeter College, " urging the meanness of their maintenance, 
the want of Form of their buildings, their want of room, &c." 
" It cannot be denied but that God hath blessed many of you 
with a great increase of worldly estate. All is not yours (for 
you are made but Stewards of it)." "All the good that we 
can hope for from our earthly Treasures doth consist in the 
good use of them ; and what better use can you respect 
than the good of learning, the good of religion, the good of 
the Church, the good of the common welth, yea, the good of 
yourselfs also, some of whose posterity may, as it is not 

* Isaiah Farrington, who matriculated at Exeter College Oct. 11, 1583, 
appointed Rector of Lympstone May 21, 1613 ; d. 1630. Boase, Reg., 83. 



102 

improbable, repe the benefit of this." " Labored I have to 
stirre you up unto this worke who ame by birth a citizen, by 
affection a citizen, in hart a citizen, and doe desire the greatest 
honor of your citie that yourself s can desire. With me in 
this petition doe joyne Learning, Religion, the sound profession 
of the gospel, which papists slander. The Church, the 
Commonwealth, the angell protector of your citie, the publicke 
good all these doe intreat you that in the performance of this 
worke you would honour God, your countrie, your citie, your 
posteritie, all which will be honored by it." 

In L. 186 (undated), is a speech made by the Mayor to the 
Chamber on the occasion of reading the foregoing letter 
(L. 185), in which he refers to the letter of Dr. Prideaux, 
the Rector of the College (L. 187), cites the examples of 
Mr. Peryam and Sir John Acland, who had become liberal 
benefactors of the College, and exhorts the citizens to give 
to such a pious work some part of the wealth which God 
has given them. " Yf we prove unfaithful yt is to be 
doubted that the judgment of the unjust steward will light 
on us, from which God shilde us." 

In L. 497, Exeter College, May 13, 1734, the Rector, Joseph 
Atwell,* the Sub-Rector and the Dean of Exeter College, 
certify that Mr. John Warren was elected Hebrew Reader 
in Exeter College for one year from Michaelmas, 1732,f with 
an order from the said John Warren to Mr. Thomas Heath, J 
Treasurer of St. John's Hospital, to pay the 121. due to him 
to Mr. Laurence Homer. 

Chamberlains. 

L. 173. Feb. 3rd, 1615-16. John Martin [Chamberlain] 
notifies William Martin [Recorder, page 55], " concerning 
our busynes agaynst Mrs. Tyckell." || 

" All this is delyvered to Mr. Rich. Martyn, who wold 
have moved herein on tuseday yf my L. Chauncelor [Lord 
Ellesmere] had bene well as he is not, for he hath kept his 
Chamber synce ffryday the 26 of January." 

" I have used my best meanes to Mr. Underwood, who is next 
to my Lord Cheefe Baron [Laurence Tanfield], who willeth me 
to brynge Mr. Ducke with me to his Lordship on Monday, and 
in the meane tyme he will move his Lordship for our cause. 
Our assyses at Exeter begyns on thursday the 7 of Marche, and 

* Appointed Rector Feb. 23, 1733. 

t i.e. Maynard Reader. Boase, Beg., 131 ; Notes and Gleanings, iii, 56. 

j In L. 496, July 27, 1732, he writes to the Chamber desiring to be dis- 
missed from the office of one of the twenty-four. 

Who is called Tonsor of Exeter College, 1708-1710. In 1721 he gave 
45J. to decorate the chapel. Boase, Reg., 270, 273. 

|| i.e. Martin v. Tickell re custody of orphans, see Law Papers, 1617. 
William Tickell was Chamberlain from Sept. 15, 1601-June 1613, and as 
such was the guardian of orphans. Freeman, 175. 



103 

Mr. Underwood wylled to wryte to Mr. Mayor that the judges 
will dyne with hym that daye, and bad me depend on yt 
upon his word," and " by the next conveyent (sic) messenger 
I will enforme you more at large." 

In L. 197, Exeter, April 18, 1621, John Martin writes about 
an order concerning Mrs. Tyckell. 

L. 190, 1619, endorsed : " Mrs. Prouz, widow, her demands 
from the Chamber for Chamberleyn Prouz, his office, 1619 [or 
1629?]."* being a note of money due to him drawn up by his 
nephew Richard Prouz [see L. 389], in which he says inter 
alia : 

" My ante desires your worship to geve her allowance of 
the fees (162. 85. Od.) belonging to her husband's office for the 
time he exersised the place which was a yeare and a halfe 
unpayd to the time of his death." She claims also repayment 
of disbursements made by him on the city's behalf : 

I. s. d. 

(a) In sutts of Lawe about ye citty business . . 20 
(6) For reparations of Crooked bridgh, the 
gutter at Westgate, ye pauiour there and 
headghing at derioud [i.e. Duryurd] .. 15 ^5 6 

(c) In a sutt with ye deane and Chaptre about 

the poor of St. Sidwells . . . . about 300 

(d) For ye fewel taken from him which was 

inioyed by his predissessors at large . . 10 

(e) That she may ether have the fees out of the 
portions of the Orphants which fell in her 
husband's time or some recompence for it 

for which he tooke paynes . . . . . . 10 

In L. 280 (undated but circ. 1624) is a presentment of the 
names of the sureties for William Prowz, who desires to be 
elected Chamberlain. The sureties (nine in number) offer to be 
bound in various amounts, the total being 900?. in addition 
" my particuler bond eyther in 500 or 1,OOOZ. at the 
Chamber's pleasure." 

In L. 389, Tower Hill, London, July 26, 1641, his son William 
Prouze writes to the Mayor desiring the return of the bonds 
given by his uncle Mr. John Prouze and his (John's) son 
Richard [see L. 190], when William Prouze (the father) became 
Chamberlain of Exeter, " which place he did not longe enioy," 
adding: "My father hath bine dead some thirteene yeares 
(I take it)," and " I would not have any blurr to lie upon my 
father and upon his whose Ancestors have undergone aU offices 
in your Ancient Corporation and have done good service in 
your Citie and for the Contrie." 

* William Prous, Chamberlain from June 26, 1624, to April, 1629 
Oliver, 242. 



104 

In L. 280 (undated) are the names of six sureties for Richard 
Tickell [who was Chamberlain from April 21, 1629, till April, 
1636]. " Too of those sixe to bee bounde in 250Z. a pece and 
myselffe to be bounde in 1,500K. Richard Tickell." 

In D. 1754, April 14, 1636, are Articles of Agreement 
between the Chamber and John Crewkerne* concerning the 
execution of the office of Chamberlain by the said John, with 
his signature " John Crewkerne." 

In D. 1788, Nov. 3, 1691, is a discharge from the Chamber 
to Edward Mallett from the office of Chamberlain. f 

In D. 1791, March 20, 1693, are Articles of Agreement 
between the Chamber and Samuel Izacke [son of the historian 
Richard] on his appointment to the Chamberlainship,J and 
in D. 1792, D. 1793 (March 20, 1693) Richard and Samuel 
Izacke each give a bond in 200Z. to the Chamber for the per- 
formance of covenants of certain indentures of the same 
date. 

In L. 483, Oct. 18, 1724, Samuel Izacke, the Chamberlain, 
writes to the Mayor respecting the payment of his salary 
of Wl 

In L. 526, 1752, are directions to Mr. Chamberlain [i.e. 
Humphrey Leigh, L. 513] as Solicitor to the Chamber. 

Maps and Plots. 

L. 182 (undated, ? circ. 1630). Robert Sherwode writes to 
the Chamber concerning maps and platts made by him " for 
the better preservation of your Lande dyverslie and have 
delyvered for your use to this worshippfull Place Againste 
Rycharde Ewyas Brewer (2), Richard Payne Brewer in 
Exilond, (1) the land of Copleston of Instowe and the Mylles 
Leate of Newe Mylles, against John Levermore (2) hi defence 
of his followed." 

In L. 618, 619, 620 are 3 coloured maps of the City of Exeter 
and the suburbs, one of them dated 1633 and the others 
apparently of about the same date. [See Cotton Guild, p. ix. 
For map (1587) see Ibid, at end.] 

Book 58 is a volume of maps of the property of the 
Chamber compiled in 1759 with index and notes down to 1820 
in Book 59. 

In L. 617 (undated) is a plan of a breakfast table set with 
Green and Bohea tea equipages at either end, bunns in silver 

* He was Chamberlain from April 14, 1636, to Dec. 1, 1646. 
t He was appointed on April 3, 1683. Oliver, 242. 
j i.e. on Feb. 26, 1693. 



105 

in the centre, coffee, chocolate and toast (silver), hot buttered 
rolls, butter pattes, and bread and butter with China plates, 
knives and knapkings at the side. 

L. 618 (endorsed " A Mapp of ye Cittie ") roughly coloured 
corresponds in extent with the map in Freeman Frontispiece 
(i.e. circ. 1570, Bousfield hi Trans. Devon. Association, XXV 
(1893), p. 11), which was engraved by Remigius Hogenberg 
in 1587 See Lysons, vi, 178 ; H. E. Reynolds, p. 1. It differs 
considerably from the map (circ. 1757) hi Izacke, frontispiece ; 
Freeman, p. 97. 

L. 619. A coloured map of the South Eastern section of the 
City corresponding with Hooker's map of the Cathedral precincts 
in Book 52, i.e. Hooker's Exeter, p. 61, with a note : "That the 
Southeaste parte of the Cittyes walkes are defended with 4 
Towres, because that part is weakest (and also, it is towards 
the See port), which is but 3 myles distante one of the cheafest 
of which Towers being next to the South gate hath Broken 
yn." 

L. 620. An unfinished map of the city showing the walls 
and towers, endorsed : Apnll 29, 1633 : This Mappe was 
shewed unto Robert Sherwoode, Marchant, at the time of his 
Examinacion at the Execution of a Commission at the Cittie of 
Exeter between the King's Majestie's Attorney Generall, 
Complainant, and the Mayor, Bayliffes and Commonaltie of the 
Cittie of Exeter, Defendants, before us, Rober (sic) 

Northl ." 

Alehouses. 

L. 195, July 5, 1620. Robert Maxwell and other grantees 
of forfeited recognizances of Alehouse keepers* write to the 
Chamber and Mr. Henry Crewkerne concerning forfeited 
recognizances, appointing four, three or two of the Chamber 
and the said Mr. Crewkerne to be a committee to examine 
alehouse keepers and to deal with them for the forfeitures 
due on their recognizances. 

In L. 333, Whitehall, June 13, 1630, the Lords of the Council 
write to the Mayor &c., commanding them inter alia to sup- 
press unnecessary alehouses. [See page 75.] 

Loan for the King of Bohemia. 

L. 196. March 13, 1621. Achatius Dohnef to the Mayor 
&c. : " My very worthie freindes, I have receaved from you 
by the handes of Mr. John Rouse J (sic), one of the Aldermen of 

* For patent for Inns and Alehouses, 1618, see Archceologia, XLI, 
pp. 227-237 ; Gardiner, iv, 442. For proclamation to seize forfeited recog- 
nizances, Jan. 19, 1629, see Cal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 6. For protests against 
granting them away May 9, June 3, 1619, ibid., pp. 44, 50. 

t See Cal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 41. For his application to the Cinque Ports 
Ac., Sept. 14 and Dec., 1620, see ibid., 177, 203. 

J But " Prouse " in the acquittance. 



106 

your Cittie that proportion which you have been pleased 
to contribute to the affaires of the King and Queen of Bohemia, 
wherein you have so farre shewed your affections for the 
of your Soveraignes royall issue and the furtherance 
of their iust occasions as all Religious and honest men will 
approve and applaude yow for it, and I can assure yow of 
their Majesties gratious and thankfull acceptance thereof 
when by my letters I shall acquaint them with it. In the 
meane time I pray yow receave in good part this my acknow- 
ledgment and thankes for your favours and for your further 
satisfaccion I have sent you an acquittance in the usuall 
forme for the somme of three hundreth sixcty-seven poundes. 
And so I committ yow to the protection of the Almightie and 
rest, 

Your very assured freind, 

Achatius Burgrave et Baron de Dona. 

[The document bears the seal of Dohne and is endorsed by 
Izacke as May 13, 1621.] 

The acquittance, which is dated March 12, 1620, is signed 
by Achatius Dona as Ambassador Extraordinary, and Abraham 
Williams as Agent for the King of Bohemia, acknowledges 
the receipt of 367Z. " being mony contributed by way of loan 
from the Citty of Exeter for the service of the King and Queen 
of Bohemia [i.e. Princess Elizabeth, L. 161, page 90] in defence 
of the Palatinat." 

L. 213. Whitehall, March 31, 1622. The Lords of the 
Council write the Mayor &c. : " After our verie heartie 
commendations. What indeavors his Majestic hath used 
by Treatie and by all faire and amicable waies to recover 
the Patrimonie of his Children in Germanic now for the 
most part withholden from them by force is not unknowne 
to all his Loving subiects, since his Majestic was pleased 
to communicate unto them in Parliament his whole pro- 
ceeding in that business. Of which Treatie his hopes being 
att Last frustrate he was inforced to take other resolucions 
mainely to recover that by the sword which by other meanes 
he saw noe Likelihood to compasse. And his Majestic was 
confident that in a cause soe neerely concerning him and his 
children's interest his people in Parliament would have yeeled 
him a Liberall and speedie supplie. But the same unexpectedly 
not succeeding his Majestic is constrained in a case of soe great 
necessity to trie the dutifull and forward affections of his 
Loving subiects in another waie as his Predecessors upon Like 
occasions have done in former times by propounding a volun- 
tarie contribution. And therefore as wee doubt not but 
yourselves will herein readily follow the good liberall example 
of such as have beene before us which wee assure you his 
Majestic will take in verie gracious part, soe his pleasure 
is and wee doe hereby authorise and require you to call before 
you all the knights, gentlemen, subsidymen and all others 



107 

of known ability in the City and move them to join cheerfully 
in this contribution, ffor the better advancement of which 
service you are not to call too many att one time, but to take 
the answers and offers severally, calling in the persons unto 
you one by one ; ffor the Collectors wee doubt not but yow 
will conceive how requisite it wilbe to make choice of meete 
and sufficient persons who are to call for the monies that 
shalbe given, soe as the same may be all paid in by the 30th of 
June next, praying you to returne unto us by the 10th of June 
next a Schedule of the names of such as shall contribute 
and the summes offered by them, that his Majestie may take 
notice of the good inclination of his subiects to a cause of such 
importance as likewise of such others (if anie bee) that out 
of obstinacie or disaffection shall refuse to contribute herein, 
wee bid you verie hartely farewell. Your verie loving friends. 
(Here follow 15 original signatures.) 

L. 214 is a copy of L. 213, with the signatures copied and 
made more legible. 

L. 228, 1622. The Chamber write to the Lords of the Coun- 
cil : " Right honourable and our very good Lords : Our dutyes 
humbly Remembered, we receyved your Lordshipps' Letters of 
the last of March [L. 213, 214]. In performance of which 
our dutye to his Majestie and your Lordshipps' comand we 
have (with as much speed as wee might) called before us the 
Subsidie men and other such Inhabitants of this City and 
County and have done our best endeavors in movinge and 
perswadinge them to to this contrybucion, and have by this 
bearer, Mr. William Prouz (sic) sent unto your Lordshipps the 
names of such as have cherefully joyned with us herein, 
together with the particular sumes by them and our selves 
given, amountynge to the some of ccxxviijZ. xvijs. iiijc?., which 
money we have ordered the said Mr. Prouz presently to paye 
where your Lordshipps shalbe pleased to assigne him. Our 
harty desire was to have advanced this some hygher for his 
Majestie, but wee could not, by reason of great losses which 
our marchants have receaved by the Turkes, ffrench and 
others at sea, by bankrupts, decaye of clothinge and declyna- 
tion of trade [L. 199, p. 108], by meanes whereof there are fallen 
upon us whole familyes which wee are enforced to releeve, which 
just Reasons wee humbly desire your Lordshipps to take into 
your honorable considerations." 

" Also accordinge to your Lordshipps' comand wee have sent 
your Lordshipps the names of such Subsidye men as have not 
joyned with us in this contrybucion, and thus pray wee your 
Lordshipps ffavorably to accept of theis our dewty full endevurs. 
Wee doe with all humblenes leave your Lordshipps to the 
happye proteccon of the Almighty." 

[The letter is unsigned and undated, but endorsed 1622 
The nearest date being June 22, 1622. See Cat. Dom. 1619- 
1623, p. 411.] 



108 

In L. 229, July 2, 1622, Wm. Prouz writes to the Mayor, 
&c.: " I am ordered to-morrow to present your letters to the 
Lords, with the Schedules of names, from whom I shall receive 
order where to paie the same, which wilbe to Sir Robte. Pye, 
which when I have received and paid, shall occasion me to 
require talie. I will also deliver your letter to the Lord 
President and attend his farder directions to the partes 
thereof." 

In L. 231, July 6, 1622, William Prouz reports to the Mayor : 
" I delivered your letter and Schedule to the Lords upon 
Wednesdaie, as theie began to sitt in Councell, who referred 
me to paie the money to Sir Ro. Pye,* which accordingelie 
yesterdaie I did, and have the tailie for the whole some, 
viz., 228Z. 175. 4d." 

Decay of Trade. 

L. 199. London, Oct. 13, 1621. John Levermore [see page 
104] writes to the Mayor, Walter Burroughf that " yesterday wee 
had order from the Clerk of the Counsell to geve in (in wrytinge) 
our reasons for decay of trade and want of money, which 
wee have donne this daye, being commanded to attend the 
Lords at there next sitting, J at what tyme wee shall know 
their further pleasure." 

In L. 200, Exon (sic), Oct. 27, 1621, John Levermore writes 
to the Mayor : " On Thursday last wee had a full debatinge 
of the matter for the decay of trade and want of money at the 
Counsell Chamber at Whithall before my Lords the Lord 
President, my Lord Carye, Sir Thomas Edmunds and Sir Ric. 
Weston (beinge apoynted corny ttees || for this Bussines) and 
after they had (particularly) conferred with us touchinge the 
Reasons which wee had proponded, they commanded us to 
joyne ourselves altogether and to consult of some remedyes, 
and to bringe them the wrytinge against Wensday next under 
our hande. The lords rednes and facylity to hire us doth 
geve us great hope that this Bussines will produce much good 
to the Commonwelth, which pray God grant one of them 
the west parts did export great quantyties of money into 
Bretteyne (as they arre informed), and I could wish our 
merchants to take care how they trust some Londoners to 
much about ther bussines in that kinde, for I suppose they are 
complained of." 

L. 201. (Endorsed Nov. 9, 1621.) John Levermore writes 
to the Mayor: "The last week I certified you that one (sic) 

* Auditor of the Exchequer, Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 115. 

t For his charity, see D. 326. 

j For Order in Council, Sept. 11, 1621, to the principal ports to send 
representatives to discuss reasons for decay of trade <fec., see Cal. Dom., 
1619-1623, p. 288. 

i.e. George Baron Carew. 

|| For Committee appointed Oct. 24, 1621, to consider these reports, 
see Cal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 301. 



109 

Wendesdaye wee were to bringe in our oppynyons (to the Concell 
Borde) touchinge Remedyes for the decay of trade and want of 
money : which wee dyd. And yet wee are demanded to attend 
the Comytteys which are now busyed about other Busines. The 
Kinge beinge at Whithall, last nyght sate in Consell with 
the Lords, where my Lord Dygby* was also, and this morninge 
wee had newes that the parliament wilbe the xxth of this 
November."! 

In L. 351 (undated) is a reference to " the dednes of trade 
these thre last yeares, more espetially in the yeare of God's 
visitation,| wherein was almost no trading." 

Jesuits. 

L. 202. Nov. 14, 1621. A note of such thinges as were 
found in the pockett of John Dowes [or Douse, i.e. John 
Sweet,|| "a Jesuit of eminence." Gal Dom. 1619-1623, 
pp. 311, 320, Nov. 19, Dec. 11, 1621] the "xiiij. daye of 
November, 1621," and also of things found in his chamber 
in Alexander Snelgrove's house ; i.e. a missal, a red box with 
wafer cakes, a MS. of questions and answers concerning the 
Protestant religion, a chalice, 3 little boxes of oil, and some 
bowk and pictures, one of them with a black forrel. [Printed 
in H. Foley iv, 648.] 

In L. 205, Nov. 24, 1621, John Prouse writes to the Mayor : 
I did no sooner receyve your letters by Mr. Recorder's man 
but I presently delyvered that which you sent to the Lords 
of the Counsell to Mr. Secretary [i.e. Sir George Calvert], 
understanding before by Sir Clement Edmonds that the Lordes 
would not sitt tomorowe. His honor promised me to make 
the Lords acquainted therewith, and I will attend hym for 
their Resolution. Wishing that you had not omitted in 
that letter the speeche of Risdon^j reported by his boye,** 
which would have bene wondrous materiall, but as I shall 
find oportunitie I will urge the same, and so will acquaint 
you what successe your goode service shall receyve. [Printed 
in Oliver, Coll. Hist., p. 6 ; Foley, iv, 650.] 

* i.e. Robert Lord Digby of Glashill. 

t i.e. James I's third Parliament, which met Jan. 30, 1620. For 
proclamation, Nov. 3, 1621, calling this adjourned Parliament to meet 
on Nov. 20, 1621, see Rymer vii, iii, 214 ; Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, Nov. 24, 1621. 

J i.e. 1624, Isacke, 150. 

See Commissions, LXXIX, p. 10. This note was forwarded to the Recorder 
in London by the Mayor in a letter dated Exeter, Nov. 19, 1621, which is pre- 
served in the P.R.O., Col. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 311. Printed in Oliver, 
Collections towards Biography, p. 201 ; also in Oliver, Collections illustrating 
History, p. 6. ; H. Foley, Records of the English Province of the Society of 
Jesus, iv, 649. 

|| In 1622 he joined Father John Fisher (i.e. Percy) in the Controversy 
with Laud at which James I was present. Gardiner, iv, 281. 

^[ He was " a taylor dwelling in one of Sir Amos Bampfeild's new houses." 
H. Foley, iv, 649. 

** The boy reported " that hee hearde his Master saie (that he did wish or 
hope) there should be a new Kinge and he should be a Catholicke and that 
all the Catholickes in London sholde be delivered out of prison and that 
the Puritans should seeke their rest ere it were longe." Ibid. 



110 

In L. 206, dated " this last daie of the Terme," endorsed 
" 1621," John Prouse writes to the Mayor : " I was this evening 
with Mr. Secretary for aunsweare of your letter touching 
Sweete, who told me that the lords did not sitt since I 
delyvered the same, but to-morrow is their sitting appoynted, 
after which he promisethe to make me partake of their 
Resolution, with which I will spedely acquaint you." 

In L. 207, Whitehall, Nov. 29, 1621, the Lords of the Council 
issue a warrant to John Poulter and Leonard Joyner,* two 
of the messengers of His Majesties Chamber to receive from 
the Mayor of Exeter the person of John Sweete. [Printed in 
Oliver, Coll. Biogr., 201 ; also Oliver, Coll. Hist., p. 1 ; 
Foley iv, 650.] 

In L. 208, Whitehall, Nov. 29, 1621, the Lords of the Council 
inform the Chamber that they have received their letter of 
the 19th and desire them to deliver up John Sweete, " sup- 
posed to be a Jesuit," apprehended by them, as well as the 
Examinations taken by them concerning him, and " the 
many superstitious things found about him " (see L. 202). 
[Printed in Oliver Coll Hist., p. 7 ; Foley iv, 651.] 

In L. 209, Nov. 30, 1621, John Prouse informs the Mayor 
that the Lords have sent pursuivants (see L. 207) for Sweete. 
[Printed in Oliver Coll. Hist., p. 7 ; Foley iv, 650.] 

In L. 210, London, Nov. 30, 1621, Ignatius Jurdain writes 
to the Mayor : " After my hartie comendations &c., It may 
please you to be advertised that Mr. Prowse showed me of 
late a letter which he receaved from you touching a Jesuite 
and certain papists who were taken at Exeter, as also he said 
he had receaved a letter thearin directed to the Lords of 
the Counsaile, which he told me he had delivered unto 
Mr. Secretary Calvert. So that I doubt not but he will writ 
you their answer." 

In L. 211 (endorsed "1621 "), Richard Reynellf writes to 
the Mayor and Justices of Exeter that he has received their 
letter and thereby perceives the great care they have of the 
safety of the State and of the city." He will do his best to 
help them. " Whereupon you shall have speedy advertise- 
ment thereof. I returne you young Baggot's letter agayn 
as not fitt to be delivered by my servant." He adds as a 
postscript : " There is one Peter Comins in Morchard Bishop, 
a very rich man, whose sonne is one of the constables there, 
and some others of that name, and your letter mencioneth 
only Comins." [Partly printed in Oliver, Coll. Hist., p. 8 ; 
Foley iv, 653.] 

* For their receipt of this warrant, Dec. 11, 1621, see Oliver, Coll. Biogr. 
p. 291 ; also Oliver, Coll. Hist., p. 8 ; Foley, iv, 651. 

f Of Greedy Wiger, near Crediton, a J.P. for Devon and a member of 
the Chamber since Sept. 16, 1617 ; Oliver, Coll. Hist., p. 8 ; Foley, iv, 652. 



Ill 

In L. 212 (endorsed "about 1621 "), Richard Reynell writes 
to the Mayor and Justices of Exeter that he has received 
their second letter " of the 19th of this instant November," 
and perceives that they have written to the Lords and that 
they have examined another of Baggot's sons, adding : "I 
wish I had sooner known which Comyns it had ben for that 
I think the Constable had been at P. Comins house among 
the rest. Dowes is there descrybed by a gould hat band 
which as I remember he wearith." He has sent for old Baggot, 
who has been seen riding to and fro from popish houses. 
[Partly printed in Oliver, Coll. Hist., p. 8 ; Foley iv, 653.] 

John Prouse's Letters. 

In L. 205, Nov. 24, 1621, John Prouse* writes to the 
Mayor : 

" Lett me nowe tell you that before I came up the Lords 
had ordered our Citizens having lyvinges in the Countrye to 
contribute as the Lievetenants of Devonshire did desire, 
drawing a president (sic) from the Citizens of London, who 
do the lyke. This I am told for a truthe and ho we to stopp 
I knowe not, but I wishe that my counsell had been followed 
in wryting to the Counsell long since, which peradventure 
would have staled their hands untill I had come up ; how- 
soever I must suffer in this as others, and I find no hope to the 
contrarie." Adding : "Of newes I shalbe able to wryte 
more by the nexte. In the meane tyme I end and rest, 
Your ever loving ffriend, 

Jo. Prouse." 

[For further extracts from this letter see p. 76.] 

In L. 206 (" this last daie of the Terme," endorsed " 1621 "), 
John Prouse writes to the Mayor : 

" I cannot but remember my love unto you and withall 
acquaint you what hathe passed the howse of Parliamente 
this daie, when we sat untill 4 in the afternone, and at last 
have gyven a whole subsidie to the King to be paid at thend 
of Februarye next towards the recovering of the palatinate 
out of the Jawesof the princelie palatine's invertirable enemye" 
(see L. 196, page 105). 

" What this gift will produce to the subjett from his Majestie 
you shall know within a short tyme assone as myselfe if I 
meete with a convenient messenger. 

" There are aryved here some 3 of the Lowe Countrye 
States with 5 others of whose propositions to the King I can 
yet wryte nothing, for they came but yesterdaie, and the 
King is 50 myles hence. 

" Sir, It is very late and therefore I cannot enlarge my selfe 
at this tyme. Only I remember my true love to you and my 

* See L. 118, 120, 127, 134. He was M.P. for Exeter in 1614 and 1624. 
There is no return of members for Exeter in the Parliament of 1621 in 
fleturn of Members of Parliament, i, 451. 



112 

brethren, not forgetting Mrs. Mayris and Mr. Leache when 
you see hym, and so do rest, your ever loving ffriend, 

Jo. Prouse. 

"I hope you will make Englishe of this unpointed letter 
my eyes being almost closed up." 

In L. 209, Nov. 30, 1621, he writes: "Of Parliamente 
passinges I can wryte you nothingc but what I have alreadie 
done, only wee labour heartilie to prepare our bills for the 
King's royall assent, hoping that wee shall bring home some, 
thogh not all such as wee desire, and so to make this a Session. 
The King dothe yet contynue at New Markett,* and for ought 
I heare wilnot be here untill Snt. Thomas' daie, which occa- 
sionethe me to suspect that wee shalnot be at home at the 
beginning of Christies. The next weke will produce more 
certeintie. In the meane tyme I leave you to the protection 
of the Almightie, and so do rest, 

Your trulie affectionate ffriend, 

Jo. Prouse." 

In L. 210, London, Nov. 30, 1621, Ignatius Jurdainf writes 
to the Mayor : " Our dissesse hear wilbe about 8 dayes before 
Christies, as was delivered unto us from the King (who is 
yet at New Market). The chefe cause of our meeting hear 
now was for supply of the palatanat to keep that which 
remayneth that the whole be not lost. So thear is on subsidy 
given to be paid in February." It is now agreed by the 
House to send a petition to the King that this may be mad 
a Session (see L. 209) before we depart, that so these bills may 
pas which are alredy engrosed and that such bills as ar not 
engrosed that they may stand in being at our next meeting, 
which said is to be the 8th February. Next that it would please 
his Majestic to hav war with our comon enimy (who is said 
to be the Spaniard), for that not only he hath 5 or 6 armyes 
afoote about the palatinat, but also that his mony payeth 
the soldiars that war against us thear and that thear armies 
which ar thear doe but watch thear oportunities. And next 
that our gracious prince may not be matched with any out 
of our owne Religion. This is the summe and the maine pointes 
of the peticion which is now agreed upon by the Committee 
contayning an Introduction, a Narration and a Conclusion, 
and withall Inserted the boldnes and great hopes which the 
papists now have and pretend, which I hop will never com 
to thear end. It is certainly advertised hear to the house 
that in Cheshere divers wagons laden with munition have of 
late ben brought into recusants' houses and thear words 

* For James I at Newmarket on Nov. 17, Deo. 1, 1621, see Cal Dom., 
1619-1623, pp. 310, 316. 

f He is variously called Jurden, Jourden, Jourdain, Jordayne. Cal. Dom., 
1628-29, p. 368. Not " Hurdans," as Foley, iv, 649. He was Mayor in 
1617, and M.P. for Exeter in 1625, 1626, 1628. He was probably John 
Pro use's colleague in this Parliament (1621). 



113 

hav ben very high and daungerous* even against the King, 
which I omitt to writ untill I se what the house will doe. 
Hear cam newes very hot 3 dayes past that Sir Oratio Vear, 
that worthy general, and Count Mansfild wear clene over- 
throwne and thear armies, but thanks be to God the newes 
is now reverted.f So not having at presente any other special 
matter to enlarge doe take my leave and comend you to the 
grace of God in Christ. 

Your most loving frind, 

Ignatius Jurdain. 

In L. 203, Dec. 15, 1621, John Prouse writes to the Mayor : 

It is my comfort that I understand our tyme of departing 
hence to be no longer than this daie sennight, which wilbe 
the Saterdaie before Christmas, and yet as the present 
condicion is betwixt the Bang and the Lower howse I would 
not willinglye goe hence but upon better termes then nowe 
wee stand upon of eache side which difference I hope wilbe 
fayrly Reconcild this next weke. Of all theise things I 
shalbe able to enforme you at my Retorne (when God pleaseth) 
more at Large. I was in hope to have kept my whole Christmas 
at Exeter, but it wilnot be, yet I am not out of hope to begyn 
my newe yeare with you there. 

Sir, the weather is bitter cold and my Inke freesethe to fast 
to contynewe a Long letter, therefore without anie further 
Relation of newes I do with my best Love to your selfe, 
Mrs. Mayris and your children, end and Rest, 
Your ever loving nriend, 

Jo. Prouse. 

In L. 268, Westminster, April 24, 1624, John Prouse writes 
to the Mayor; 

" I have according to the Instructions sent up both for 
the Cittie and Companie of Merchants (see page 41) employed 
my best care to please you every waie and have possessed the 
howse of parliament with suche things as do most touche 
the Merchants in burthen of their trade, J as they have advised. 
So as from the lower house the higher is made acquainted 
therewith, and I hope ease wilbe gyven in some particulars 
though not in all at their meting, for some things there are 
which trenche into the King's profitt which I feare wilnot 
in haste be determined as namelie the pretermitted custom 
the Right whereof hath endured much Learned debate in 
the howse bothe for the King and subjects by the Lawiers that 
good newes I shall imparte to you if God send me home thend 
of the Parliamente will tell me I meane of theise things. 

* For increase of recusants, see Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 316 (Dec. 1, 
1621). 

t For reports that the Lower Palatinate was saved only by Sir Horace 
Vere and Count Ernest von Mansfeldt, see Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 313. 
Nov. 24, 1621. 

t For complaint of the Drapers of England, May 1, 1622, see Gal. Dom., 
1619-1623, p. 401. 

This question was postponed by the King, May 29, 1624, see Gal. Dom., 
1623-1625, p. 259. 

Wt. 20757. Ex 8 



114 

" Sir, it can be no newes to you that my Lord Treasurer 
[i.e. Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex] hath been highly 
questioned of Late for manie severall busynesses, and still 
the Lords are upon a dailie examination of his courses, which 
are Reported to be very foule* ; he hathe manie potent 
adversaries against hym, and the King hathe left hym to 
cleere hymselfe, not yelding hym anie countenance ; to saye 
no more in the opinion of all his fall is at hand. 

" Yesterdayf the Kinge was at Whythall, whyther the 
house by order went to hym to receave his awnseare to a 
Peticion which was delyvered unto hym from bothe howses 
against Jesuits, Priests and Recusants, to which he hathe 
gyven a most noble awnsweare to the comfort of all his true 
hearted subiects, which I hope wilbe put in execution ere 
long. The coppie of which I will assone as I can gett it 
shalbe sent you, for it is worthie the keping in the Citties 
Chamber for manie reasons. J I wishe you had all suche 
passages, but you must then be at the charge and not put 
me to the paynes to coppie them, for which paynes I am 
to old, and so I leave that unprofitable argument for this 
tyme. 

" Sir, I have enlarged my selfe hi theise for your sake, 
Mr. Walker and the rest of my brethren, and to save my 
farther Labour in wryting, being tyred out dailie and full 
wearye of this service, which I find to be to burthensome 
for an old man bothe in purse and bodie, but no more of this 
and so I end with my Love to all and Remain, 

Your trulye affectionate ffriend, 

Jo. Prouse. 

" Sir, the death of our ffriend Mr. Martyn hathe left to 
the Chamber the election of two officers, I hope you wilbe 
cautious inyourchoise and not Leave my brother unrespected." 

Aliens. 

L. 215, 216, Whitehall, April 1, 1622. The Lords of the 
Council order the Chamber to make a return of the number, 
condition and trades of all strangers and children of strangers 
within the kingdom. || 

In L. 244, London, May 8, 1623, Peter Proby, Lord Mayor of 
London, and seven others, including Heneage Finch, Alderman 

* See Cal. Dom., 1623-1625, pp. 214, 216, 226 ; April 14, 18, 25, 1624 ; 
Lords Journal, iii, 318. 

t i.e. Saturday, April 23, 1624. Cal. Dom., 1623-1625, p. 221 ; Lords' 
Journal, iii, 316. 

J For text of the speech see Lords 1 Journal, iii, 317 ; Hist. MSS. Comm., 
4th Report, p. 276 ; Gardiner, v, 225. 

i.e. John Martyn, Chamberlain since June 7, 1613. He was succeeded 
by William Prouse on June 26, 1624. 

|| For Commission as to aliens, July 30, 1621, see Cal. Dom., 1619-1623, 
p. 280. For returns from London (March 11, 1622); Maidstone (April 19, 
1622) ; Sandwich (April 29, 1622) ; Canterbury, Dover and Norwich (June 
1622), see Ibid, pp. 357, 378, 381, 417, 



115 

of London, inform the Mayor of Exeter that they have been 
commanded by the Lords of the Council to procure a general 
search to be made throughout England as to what strangers, 
strangers' children or strangers' servants, whether English 
or foreigners, there are, and they beg the assistance of the 
Mayor of Exeter in procuring the return. 

In L. 249, Plymouth, June 14, 1623, John Martyn, Mayor 
of Plymouth, writes to the Mayor of Exeter. He has caused 
a search to be made touching these strangers and foreigners 
that are resident in the town of Plymouth, and encloses a 
list of names [which is not preserved]. 

In L. 250, Dartmouth, June 4, 1623, John Spurwaie, Mayor 
of Dartmouth, reports to the Mayor of Exeter on the same 
subject, that there is only one Fleminge, a poor tailor named 
Jacob Jacobsonn, who hath a daughter named Katheren, 
about a year old. 

In L. 251, June 16, 1623, John Pearde, Mayor of Barnstaple, 
informs the Mayor of Exeter that he has found no strangers 
at all. 

In D. 1708, Feb. 5, 1607, John Ellacott, of Exeter, merchant, 
gives a bond in 251. for the appearance of one Fabricio 
Jaquinto. 

William Prous* Letters. 

L. 217. London, May 4, 1622. William Prous* writes 
to the Mayor, &c. : 

"Rt. Worshipfull, 

" I finde by Mr. Benbowes relacion that the suite attempted 
by our Bishop [Valentine Gary] to be a Justice of peace within 
the Countie and Citie of Exon, was first sett on foote by 
Doctor Goche by wale of ernest solicitinge of the Lord Keeper 
for the furtherance of his egar suite in your behalf e. He 
presented unto the Clerke of the Crowne a copie of your 
Charter to thende he might the rather a despatche of his 
intended purpose. This suite hathe since his departure hence 
ben ernestlie solicited, and the Lord Keeper hathe ordered 
Mr. Benbow to drawe up a Commission readie for the scale, 
which he hathe promised to forslow and protracte, untill 
expres comaundement be laied upon him and that by warrant 
under his Lordship's hand and the hand of some of the Kinges 
Counsel!, which promise he hathe seriously professed this 
daie unto me he will performe. Assuringe me that as occasion 
requires he will not faile to acquainte me to thende I maie 
gaine tyme to crosse the B.B. intended course, which as yet 
resolved I purpose shalbe by peticion to his Majesty that he 
wilbe gratiously pleased to referre thexamynacion of his 

* Brother to John Prouse ; he was Chamberlain of Exeter from June 
26, 1624, to April, 1629. 



116 

suite to be measured by the judgment of his heighnes Judges 
or unto the Justics of assize for the westerne partes, or 
to the determynacion of the Lords of his Majesties Privie 
Councell. Where upon the reasons of the inconveniencie 
of suche an untymelie suite I doubt not but wee shall obteyne 
an honorable audience, upon suche reasons as shalbe framed 
and exhibited unto them, of the divers inconveniences that 
will attend the suoces yf it be obteyned ; which suite in my 
single and poore opinyon is neyther guided with evidens of 
utilitie for anie publik good nor pricked on for anie urgent 
necessitie in regard of anie insufficiencie of goverment 
accordinge to positive rules : but yf I maie speake without 
offence, endevoured out of displeasure and some spice of 
contempt and disdaine to your person and dignitie. The Bishop 
is not yet returned from Cambridge, but dailie expected. 
I will have a vigilant eye to his cariage herein which yet 
lyethe a sleepe ; which when he shall awaken shall stirre me 
up with all dilligent duetie and circumspection to withstand 
by the best meanes I maie with resolucion to establishe my 
endevors by councell. I have made a relacion of Mr. Benbowes 
conference with me unto my Cosen Mr. Hackwell,* whose 
affections are bente with all cherefulhies to attend by waie 
of opposition this unkindly suite he hathe taken in his serious 
consideracion the legall poynts of your Charter and intendes 
in pointe of Law to mainteyne the foundacion and intencon 
of H.8. graunte your case beinge otherwise then the case of a 
forreine countie your nounber of Justics being stinted and 
to be made out of the 24, neyther can .the Lord Keeper yf 
he maye do it, which is much doubted, as by good opinyon 
I am informed, Graunte a Commission without damadge and 
greate inconveniencie ; nor hathe he anie precedent to warrant 
the same (the precedents of Berwick and Northampton beinge 
but Boroughe Townes and no Counties). The burgesses 
of Northampton do stronngely withstand, do. Lambes Com- 
mission. I presume yf it maie stand with the Chambers likinge to 
addres their letters to the Lord precedent of ye Councell, 
who is a well affected friend to the Citie to my especiall know- 
ledg for the favouringe of your suite, that It maie turne to 
your good. I will deliver it yf you please commend It. As 
occasion shalbe offred I will not spare my pen to advertise 
your worshipps of the succes of my labours. 

" I came into London upon Thursdaie at 3 of the clock, 
and presentlie repaired into Aldersgate Streete to my Cosen 
Hackwell. In whose true love and care your Chamber hathe 
deepe interest he desires to be remembered hartily to your 
worship and to the rest of the Chamber. 

" My service Remember to your worshipp and to all the rest 
of your Societie do remayne, 

Yours and theires in dueti and sinceritie, 

Wm. Prous." 
\See also p. 77.] 

* See letter 172, page 97. 



117 

In L. 218, London, May 7, 1622, William Prous writes to 
his brother John Prous : Sir. There are two of the Lord 
Keeper's* gentlemen that have undertaken the sollicitinge of 
theire Lord in the absence of our Bishop, who returnes not 
from Cambridge untill thend of this weeke. It appears 
theire Lord needes no Remembrancer for of him selfe he effects 
the mocion and resolves to effecte it. To which end he hathe 
ordered the Clerke of the Corone to draw in readines the 
Comyssion which direction is now afreshe stifelie urged. My 
endevors now are bent to peticion his Lordship, but not before 
tyme and oportunitie necessarily shall occasion the exhibitinge 
of a Peticion and yf the partes thereof please not his Lordship 
after he hathe measured them with his judicial! eye, I am 
purposte (yf the Lord will) to present his Majestie with a 
peticion for a reference of the convenience of the Commission 
endevoured to be gott by our bishop. The Lord Hubert, 
Cheife Justice of the Commone pleas, hathe ben enformed 
of our Bishop's practise and thereupon intreated a friend 
to intreate the Lord Keeper to forbeare the grauntinge out 
of such a Commission, for that the precedent will not onlie 
be daungerous, but It will occasion muche hart burninge and 
contention. I am purposed to let our Justices of assize 
understand his Practise. I learne by some aboute the Lord 
Keeper that he resolves that doctor Goche shalbe not one of 
the Commission, but to joyne the deane and one other of 
the Canons in Commission with the Bishop. I desire to be 
informed to what ende our late Bishopf attempted to exhibite 
his bill in Parliament, and what he did therein and what 
succes he had and how he incroched upon the liberties of the 
Citie for the inlardginge of his fee and what resistance he 
and his baylie in his part made in cases of searchinge for 
murderers, felons or other misdemeanors within his fee whereof 
your selfe in particular can speake when you were Sheryfe 
[i.e. in 1599]. Yf you please I praie speedily acquainte 
Mr. Maior and the Chamber with the partes of this letter, 
to whom in duetie I desire humblie to have my service com- 
mended. I remayne your affectionate brother 

true Love, 

Wm. Prous. 

He adds : " Sir Tho. Myddleton'sJ matche with Mistress 
Harrison is cleane broken off." 

In L. 219, London, May 18, 1622, William Prous writes to 
the Mayor &c. : 

" Rt. Worshipfull. I have accordinge to my duetie caried 
a watchfull eye ever since my cominge hither to the waies 
and pathes wherein our Bishop walkes and treades in the 
prosecution of his suite. And I finde that in his absence he 

* i.e. Dr. John Williams, Bishop of Lincoln, 
t i.e. William Cotton. See p. 47. 

j He was Lord Mayor of London in 1613, and a brother of Hugh 
Middleton. 



118 

left behind him two Remembrancers attendinge nere the 
Lord Keeper, whose eger solicitation to theire Lord have 
not ben failinge to further our Bishop's attempted suite, 
which as yet lies unperfected (thoughe most ernestlie and 
hartily asserted by theire Lord). This prosecution hathe 
ben also vehemently followed by our Chancelor since his 
cominge to London, to whom replie hathe ben made by 
the Clerke of the Crowne, who is a true affected friend to 
your Chambers suite and my intimate ancient acquaintance 
that he deemes it a most unfittinge request of our Bishop, 
and a president not paraliled in anie Citie beinge a Countie 
within this Realme, which replie is unsavorie in his nostrells. 
And therefore doth determyne to put on with might and 
maine all his power to obteyne theire desire as a suite in 
theire private opinyon verie respective and comodious 
to the publique utilitie : for the goverment of their Citie. 
But I hope theire hopes will shortly be frustrated. 

" There hathe latelie directions ben given to the Clerk of 
the Crowne by the Lord Keeper to make a Commission for 
the Chancelor of Lytchfield to be a Justice of the quorum 
within that Citie and also Gustos Rotulorum which Commission 
is appointed this dale to pass under the greate seale of 
England : the Citizens of Lytchfield faylinge of theire suite 
to the Lord Keeper for the staie thereof entend speedily to 
peticion the King, whose succes I will hear after and advertise 
as tyme and occasion shall require. 

" And to thend our suite maie receive some stop a peticion 
is drawen and discretelie polished by the pennes of Mr. Recorder 
and my Cosen Hakewill, a true copie whereof I here inclosed 
present to Your worship and the rest of the Chamber, humblie 
besechinge that after the branches thereof be duely measured 
by your wisedomes, It maie be secreted for a while (my desire 
beinge bounded with this reason), that I purpose not to deliver 
it untill I have knowledge of his Lordship's warrant to the 
Clerke of the Crowne to draw the said Commission, which he 
will not hastily do, but with advantadge of competent tyme 
before hand given unto me : for prevencion to obteyne a 
supersedias if I maie upon the reasons exhibited trulie in 
the parts of my peticion. Whereof yf I faile my last refuge 
shalbe to peticion his Majestic for the reference of our just 
suite eyther to the Lords the Judges or Justices of Assize, 
which must be left to his hieghness arbitrarie denominacion 
and appointment. 

" Be pleased to consider of that branche of my last addressed 
letters to your Worship and the Chamber towchinge your 
letters to the Lord president for his assistance yf neede shall 
require and particulerly towchinge his observacion of your 
government. This also dothe Mr. Recorder and my 
Cosen Hakewill deeme verie requisite, whose directions in 
all pointes attending this service as is required : I will chere- 
fullie and readily observe and prosecute with dilligence and 



lid 

carefullnes. My duetie and service remembered to your 
worship and to the rest of your brethren and socitie do remayne 
yours readily and humbly to be commaunded. 

" Wm. Prows. 

" Our Bishop is here and intends to be with the Lord 
Keeper this after noone ; the King comes hither this daie. 
The report is that the Lord Keeper shall be made Lord 
Chancelor* tomorrow at Courte. 

In L. 220, May 25, 1622, William Prous writes to the 
Mayor, &c. 

" Rt. Worshipfull, My last addressed letters to you 
presented a full declaracion of our bishop's progres in his 
attempted suite ; by them also I lefte you informed how farre 
my endevours did bend to oppose by faire meanes the current 
of his intended desire, which in particuler was evidenced by 
the copie of the peticion resolved to be exhibited to the Lord 
Keeper. It is fitt accordinge to my duetie that I advertise 
you what this weekes worke hathe begotten, thorought the 
Bishop's solicitinge of the same who hathe bin here theis 
ten daies and is this daie againe gone hence : I am crediblie 
informed that he hathe bin ernest with the Lord Keeper for 
the speedinge of his desire which onlie he affectes to obteyne 
to himselfe alone without anie associacion of anie other 
belonginge to the Churche or her dependents. The direction 
given to the Clerke of the Crowne from my Lord's owne 
mouthe is to draw a Commission for him to be a Commissioner 
ioyntly with the Maior &c., bothe of the peace and gaole 
deliverie within Citie and Countie, which yet Mr. Benbow 
refusethe to do untill theie bringe him a true copie of the 
Charter : which will be a hard task for them to do. I have 
not yet presented the peticion to the Lord Keeper, which 
by advise I have forborne for some especiall consideracions, 
but am purposed (yf God will) to deliver the same to his 
Lordship upon Mondaie nexte : and then humblie to beseche 
him to cast his eye upon the partes thereof, and to measure 
them with his favoure hi judgment. The Bishop's glosse to swaie 
his Lordship's inclynacion is for the better goverment of 
the Citizens, the ponishment of malefactors and the better 
orderinge of the incorrigeable beggers and releyfe of the poore. 
Theise are some of the principle heads which he inforcethe 
upon his Lordship's consideration, whereupon the Lord Keeper 
hathe ordered and commanded Mr. Benbow to make the 
Commission readie for the greate seale : which I hope I shall 
stopp for 10 daies. In the meane tyme yf my peticion gaine 
no fruite from the Lord Keeper, I will expedite the presentinge 
of a peticion to the King or to the Lords as occasion shall 
require and as my course therein shalbe established by the 
opinyon of your Councell (Mr. Recorder havinge directed me 
to reteyne Mr. Noye of [blank], counsell for you, which I have 

* i.e. in place of Francis Bacon, who was removed April 30, 1621. 



120 

accordingelie don. The Bishop understands that the Chamber 
is in opposicion with him, which he estemes not as his solicitors 
in this busines vaunte, professinge that he intendes to become 
an ernest suitor to his Majestie for the obteyninge of his 
Commission. 

Loathe I am to acquainte you by my pen with eyche 
particuler circumstantiall passage that hathe ben unworthily 
put on by the prosecutors of this suite in pointe of untruthe 
and indignitie. I referre the relacion of them untill my 
returne admyringe how the Bishop, the Chancellor and some 
other inferior persons come to the knowledge of some particuler 
late passages in your assemblies. 

When the benevolent money is sent up, let that partie that 
hathe the charge of payment present bothe your letter 
towchinge the same and the some to the Lord Treasurer which 
maie advantadge your suite and which also he will and dothe 
expecte. This I am told to advise out of my love and duetie 
to the reputacion of your Chamber. 

I take my humble leave, remayning at your disposicion in all 
faithfullnes readily to be comaunded, Wm. Prowz. 

In L. 222, May 29, 1622, William Prous writes to the 
Mayor &c. : 

" Right Worshipfull, I have presented the peticion to 
the Lord Keeper this daie, which for some reasons I could 
not with convenience performe soner. After I had presented 
the same I humblie intreated his Lordship to cast his eyes 
upon the parts thereof, which favour he votchafed unto me. 
And after he had measured the branches thereof, he turnes 
aboute unto me and asked me the reasons whie your Chamber 
should refuse to have a Bishop to be joyned with them in the 
Commission of peace, being your diocesan and as worthie a 
prelate as is anie in the Kingdome. My answear was that 
your antient Charter did lymitt the particuler nomber of 
Justics, which besides the Maior and Recorder coulde not 
be but eight, which eight were to be chosen out of that number 
that had borne the office of maioraltie. For confirmacion of 
the truthe thereof I humblie besought him to admytt our 
Councell farder to informe him : to which he replied that 
he had sene your Charter. I presumed to answeare him 
that under favour his Lordship had onlie senne the severall 
confirmacions thereof of E. the 6 and Queene Elizabeth, 
but not the copie of the originale Charter [Charters XXXII, 
XXXIII], and affirminge that It was the Kinges pleasure 
to have our Bishop in Commission with you, adding for his 
reason that in respecte of your froward caraige towards the 
late Lord Bishop, for so he termed it, that the King required 
him to graunte our Bishop the said Commission. His 
Lordship was well pleased to receive an answere which I 
framed accordinge to truthe and upon my certeine knowledge, 
which was that in no place of this Land anie one Bishop had 



121 

received more respecte and observation than the Bishop of 
Exon from the magistrats ; some other exceptions his 
Lordship had : to everie of which I endevoured to give him 
satisfaction, humblie concludinge with ernest peticion that 
his Lordship would take into his serious consideracion the 
indempnities that mighte ensue to the bodie of your Charter 
whereunto with muche myldnes he replied that he would 
send within a shorte tyme give me farder resolucion. This 
Commission is alreadie drawen, and hathe bin perused by 
his Lordship ; in the foote whereof with his owne hand he 
hathe desired the King's Attorney to peruse the same and 
yf by law and president It maye hold he desires him also 
to order the Clerke of the Crowne to ingrosse it readie for 
the seale ; but this direction was before I delivered the 
peticion ; which I hope maie turne the bente of my Lord's 
intention (my delaies beinge grounded upon sounde reasons), 
which hereafter you shall understand. And when I shall 
understand that Mr. Benbow shall repaire to Mr. Attornie 
with the drawght of the said Commission, I shall informe 
Mr. Recorder and Mr. Jo. Hakewill, who kit end to carry 
Mr. Noye to Mr. Attorney and to informe him of the state 
of the busines and to acquainte him with the Innovation 
that will attend the succes of the suite yf It be obteyned. 

" My Lord was pleased to prove that no other should be 
ioyned in Commission with our Lord Bishop, and Sir, quothe 
he : Let your maiestrats be displeased, for I assure you, quothe 
he, this Bishop will not staie longe amonge you. I have used 
some preparative meanes to Mr. Attorney besides that which 
is resolved in by Mr. Recorder ; as yet wee are not resolved 
what course wee shall take whither to peticion his Majestie 
or the Lords (yf the Lord Keeper favour not our suite ; for 
my owne particuler opinyon I am resolved upon whose 
shoulders the burden of this suite in pointe of prosecutions 
attendans and care is laied by your warrant, that I will follow 
the initiall direction of your Counsell, bendhig my whole 
endevors to informe myselfe and so to relate unto them 
the speediest and safest waie and meanes of prevencion. 
Lastlie I humblie desire that due consideracion maie be 
speedily had of some partes of my former letters tendinge 
muche to the furtherans of the suite in hand. 

" My duetie and service remembered, do humblie take 
leave, yours readily to be commaunded, 

" Wm. Prous. 

"This inclosed (L. 221) is from the Lords." 

In L. 223, June 10, 1622, William Prous writes to the 
Mayor, &c. : 

" Rt. Worshipfull. As yet I cannot make you anie other 
relation touchinge our Bishop's attempte for the obteyninge 
of his Comyssion then my last letters informed you, since 
which tyme Mr. Attorney hathe appointed me to attend 



122 

him with your Councell upon thursdaie nexte, at which 
tyme he will informe him selfe of the partes of your Charter, 
and so resolve the Lord Keeper of his opinyon towchinge 
the conveniencie or inconveniencie thereof. And yf It shall 
fall out that he certifie against you that It is in the Kinges 
power to add more Comyssioners to that nomber prescribed 
and lymited by your Charter, your Councell will advise what 
course shalbe speedilie taken : eyther to peticion his Majestic 
or the Lords. At whose borde this particuler cause will wante 
a speciall assistant of eminence ; amonge which nomber yf 
Mr. Secretarie have no touche on our Bishop's parte your 
directions shalbe fourthwith prosecuted (yf your Councell 
asserte it). I have ben an ernest solicitor to Mr. Attorney to 
conferre with the Lord Huberte, the Lord Cheife Baron, and 
Justice Hutton, towchinge their opinion in pointe of lawe 
and their opinyons of your goverment : to which he inclynes 
and votesafed to promise me that before he made his reporte 
backe to the Lord Keeper that he would conferre with sume 
of them. I have also acquainted him that Justice Doddridge 
is a nere neighboure unto the Citie, who also can and will 
testifie of your peaceable and good goverment. Let me be 
bold humblie to intreate your societie to secreete the partes 
of my advertisements towchnige this busines and that no 
unseemelie wordes be given out of our Bishop or of his attempte 
of suite. I have ben charged by Batt that my letters have 
occasioned your extraordinarie meetings, which intelligence 
I deeme to porecede from Mr. Mainwaringe. 

" And forasmuche as the case stands thus betwene your 
Chamber and some others ; I have contracted and concluded 
the sute betwene Sir W. Pole and the poore for the somme of 
70Z. to be paid unto me upon Mondaie nexte, the 17th of this 
monethe, and taken Mr. Erles bond for payment thereof, 
which is securitie verie sufficient. In this contracte I have 
concluded Sir W. power of disposall, and to that end have 
drawen a pole deede, which herewith I send, humblie besechinge 
you that Mr. Salter maie carrie the same over unto him and 
intreate him to seale it, for whose better satisfaction I have 
procured Mr. Erie his nephew, who standes ingaidged for the 
payment of the 70?. to write of Sir William that the release 
herewith sent was perused and is allowed of under his hand. 
I wishe Mr. Salter will take hi his waie Mr. Batt, who is privie 
to Mr. Erles and my agrement. Mr. Recorder dothe second 
my agrement. Yf I had gone to a hearinge before my Lord 
before I had ended this sute, It would have cost me 10Z. or 
121., and I doubte my Lord would have striken of a good 
parte of the damages given by the Jurie and Comyssioners 
so as It is thought by your Councell I have made a good end 
safelie. 

" I do humblie desire that I maie receive directions from 
you and the Chamber how I shall send the money downe unto 
you, for I hartily desire a present imployment thereof, but 



123 

of this some must be deducted suche expenses at thathe ben 
disbursed aboute the prosecucion thereof, which in particuler 
I cannot now advertise (my notes beinge at my howse), which 
at my returne I will honestlie sett downe without eyther 
the poore or impeychment to my conscience or outward 
reputacion. 

"My dutie and service humblie commended, do remayne, 
Yours readilie to be comaunded, 

" Wm. Prous." 

In L. 226, June 28, 1622, William Prous reports to the 
Mayor, &c : 

" R.t. Worshipfull. By my last letters I advertised you 
of the conference passed betwene your Councell and the 
Kinges Attorney : for some spetiall reasons tendinge to better 
hopes, as then so now since continued. I did forbeare to write 
this last weeke by our carrier, be pleased therefore by these 
to understand that upon Mondaie last bothe the Attorney 
generall and the Clerke of the Crowne* informed the Lord 
Keeper what strenght your Charter beares in pointe of 
negative, that his Majestie by Law cannot make by waie of 
associacion any more Justics then are warranted by the 
same ; to which his Lordship replied with &c. that notwith- 
standinge It was his Majesties expres pleasure to have our 
Bishop a Justice with that and yf otherwise It mighte not be, 
then his Majestie would graunte him a non obstante which 
cannot impeyche the iurisdiction given you by your Charter. 
So as yf no other thinge happen betweene I cannot be dis- 
couraged but that our Lord Bishop maie mysse his marke. 
Howbeit I knowe he dothe use all meanes to gaine his purpose 
wherein he hathe the espetiall assistance of the Lord Keeper. 

" I have propounded the desire of your howse to all your 
Councell towchinge the speedie peticioninge of his Majestie 
to the furtherans whereof I have penned a peticion and have 
tendred the partes thereof to be measured by Mr. Recorder, 
but for that as yet I cannot tracte out our Bishop 'spathe which 
waie he bendes his course. Your Councell do not deeme it 
expedient yet to prosecute this suite by waie of peticion 
totheKinge. I have and do carefullie bend all my endevors 
to game knowledge of our Bishop's pursuite, which when 
I have obteyend shall occasion me accordinge to your 
Councel's directions to follow suche course as shalbe by theire 
better judgment propounded unto me the succes whereof as 
It shall happen I will commend by my letters to your under- 
standinge. 

" I was latelie informed by Mr. Recorder upon a conference 
betweene him and one Mr. Norden,f a survey our of landes 
and a dependant upon the prince's service, that the tytle 
of your manners of Exe Hand [Charter XXXVI, p. 5], and 

* Sir Thomas Edmondes. Cal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 129. 
t i.e. John Norden. Cal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 110. 



124 

all the houses and land belonging to the Castle of Exon 
with northernehaie is likelie to be questioned by the 
Prince upon Mr. Recorder's perswasion to conferre with 
Mr. Norden (with whom I have some acquaintans). I 
endevored to speake with him, but beinge gon from his 
lodginge here into Kent I have myssed him, and yet not- 
withstandinge have by other and better meanes intreated 
a kynsman of my wyfes attendinge also the prince's service 
in a speciall manner, to sound Mr. Norden towchinge the 
tytle pretended by his hieghnes ; which he hathe promised 
faithfullie to do At his returne out of Kent, which will not 
be yet. 

"I have now received 70Z. from Mr. Earle of Sir Wm. 
Pole, his due upon the decree. By my former letter I 
intreated directions from you how I might conveye it downe, 
and finding none by the partes of your last do intreate to be 
advertised by warrant to whom I shall paie it here, for I 
dare not send it by the Carryer, neyther dothe Mr. Recorder 
think it safe. 

"It is saied that our Bishop wilbe with you aboute thend of 
Julie, and intendethe to lodge with Mr. Chancelor. I wishe 
he were gon hence that I might take my flight westwardes, 
for I am verie wearie of my longe staie here. 

" My duetie and service Remembered, do Remaine your 
obligeed in duetie, 

" Wm. Prous. 

" Our assizes at Exon beginnes the 5th daie of August, 
and our old Judges continue." 

In L. 227, London, June 29, 1622, Wm. Prous writes to 
the Mayor, &c. : 

" Rt. Worshipfull. 

" After I had penned and delivered my last letters sent 
by my Cosen Mr. Era. Crossinge, I toke occasion ioyntlie 
to conferre with Mr. Recorder, Mr. Noye, and my Cosen 
Hackwell towchinge a farder progres to meete with our 
Bishop's egar pursuite of his attempted suite : who is now 
more vehement then heretofore he hathe ben with the Clerke 
of the Crowne, to whom at my instance, but from his owne 
invencion as I have desired him, he hathe returned him 
answeare that the Lord Keeper hathe referred the due con- 
sideracion of the partes of the new Commission drawen, unto 
the Kinges Attorney in pointe of Law and president, 
whose resolucion by waie of certificate under his 
hand backe againe returned to the Lord Keeper, 
yf by Law and president of like nature the Kinge maie do 
it, wilbe his Lordship's incouragement to direct a fiat to the 
Clerke to ingrosse the same readie for the great scale ; so 
as hitherto no commaund is come to the Clerk to finish the 
said Commission. And albeit this busines hathe ben closelie 
followed by our Bishop and his solicitors, yet hitherto thei 



125 

have founde a hard taske thereof and yet are without know- 
ledge who watchethe theire stepps ; albeit theie have used 
manie meanes to dog the trade of my waie. 

" Upon deliberacion of my proposicion your Councell have 
ben pleased to consent to become your humble suitors to 
Mr. Secretaire Calverte,* that his honor would be pleased 
accordinge to the Chamber's desire to take upon him the 
patronizinge of your cause as occasion hereafter shall require ; 
eyther to his Majestie or at the Councell Bord (our busines 
now standinge upon better and more safer termes I last wrote 
unto you and in particuler sithe I maie not inlardge by my 
pen ; howbeit my hopes are prouder now of a fairer yssue 
then heretofore theie have ben. 

" This morninge it was agreed that my Cosen hake will should 
present your humble suite to Mr. Secretarie, in whose favoure 
he hathe muche interest ; upon whom I was intreated to 
attend to thend his honor might take knowledge of me to 
be your Solicitor for this cause. At our cominge to Mr. 
Secretaries house in St. Martin's Lane, we were informed 
that he was at Grenewiche, where the Courte is ; but sone at 
his returne or upon Mondaie morninge it hathe pleased my 
Cosen hakewill to promyse me to go with me to the 
Secretaries howse and to acquainte him with your suite and 
the nature and conveniencie thereof, which yf his honour 
when occasion shall require, shall obligee you with all thank- 
fullnes to deserve his favoure, to which end I go provided 
I neede not expres myselfe hi open termes farder to your 
wisedomes in theis resolucion. 

" Upon some late accident I presume the Lord Keeper will 
stale his hand from subscribinge a fiat for this Commission. 
Yf he do, there wilbe a remedie provided for maintenance of 
your solide power and iurisdiction of which hereafter you 
maie more particulerlie be informed. In the meane season 
Mr. Recorder is carefull, my Cosen Hakewell foreward and 
my honest endevours shall in no respecte be failinge to 
do the duetie of a faithfull and dilligent solicitor, orderinge the 
prosecution as in course of Law and discretion shalbe pro- 
pounded unto me by your Councell. 

" I am informed that a letter was latelie sent unto you, 
Mr. Maior, aboute some busines to which an answeare is 
expected : I know not the meaninge, but a follower of the 
Lord President^ required of me whither I had not received 
a letter from you to the Lords, to whom I replied that I had, 
but I informed him that was towards the benevolence money. 
That is not the busines he prayed me to put you in mynd 
to returne with all speede an answeare. 

" My service and duetie remembered to your worship and 
the rest, do remayne, 

" Yours readily to be comanded, 

" Wm. Prous." 

* Sir George Calvert. Gal. Dom., 1619- 1623,~pTl4. 
| i.e. Henry Montague, Viscount Mandeville. 



126 

In L. 229, July 2, 1622, William Prous writes to the 
Mayor, &o. : 

"Rt. Worshipfull. 

" My laste letters informed you of an intencion to acquainte 
Mr. Secretarie Calverte with the state of your busines for 
the maintenance of priviledges against our Bishop's attempted 
suite ; by theise you maie be pleased to take knowledge that 
my Cosen Hakewell and my selfe had accesse unto his honor 
verie privatelie. After his honor had ben fullie informed 
by my Cosen Hakewell of the integritie of your Charter 
and sufficiencie of well orderinge your selves in the dueties 
of your places, to the generall applause of the Justices of 
Assize, the gentrie of the Countie of Devon, and what readie 
obedience the Inhabitants of Exon from tyme to tyme chere- 
fullie and without anie opposicion have yealded thereunto, 
His honor advised a course which before was performed in 
parte, and that hitherto hath given bothe your Councell and 
my selfe muche comforte and contentment, which hi particuler 
your worship with the rest of your societie maie more Sithe 
understand from Mr. Recorder's relacion, then by intelligence 
from my pen : and therefore do spare to present you the 
full descours onlie he hathe promised his readie assistance 
when and as often as occasion shall require, requirmge my 
attendance and access unto him upon everie occasion, 
assuringe me of free cominge unto him and of his hartie 
affection to further your ymployments eyther to his Majestie 
or to the Councell borde. 

" Mr. Secretarie [Calvert], with whom wee were this 
daie, did informe my Cosen Hackwell that sone after the 
conclusion of peace between the Turke and the polonians 
the Turkes souldiers required of him some recompence 
for theire service to which the Turke replied with bitter- 
nes that theie should have none, threatninge them also 
to put them to the sword, which so provoked them that 
theie sett upon the Turke and slew him,* his brother and 
four other of his nexte bloode and 3,000 gent, and have 
sett up the Turkes Uncle, whom he put by [i.e. Mustapha I, 
who had been deposed in 1618], esteiminge him to be a foole, 
so that of that race there is no more lefte but he, and he is verie 
old.f 

" Thus cravinge pardon for this hastie scriblinge, this 
bearer beinge hastie and my selfe not well, do take Leave with 
Remembrans of my Duetie and service to you all and do 
Remayne 

" Yours readilie to be commanded, 

" Wm. Prous." 

* i.e. Othman II, strangled by Janissaries, May 10, 1622. Gal. Dom., 
1619-1623, p. 425. 

t These events are described in letters written to Secretary Calvert by 
Sir Thomas Roe from Constantinople, dated May 10th, 16th, 1622. Roe, 
Negotiations, pp, 42, 45, 



127 

In L. 230 (undated), Wm. Prous writes to the Mayor, &c. : 

"Rt. Worshipfull, 

" I have had my seconde accesse unto the Lord Keeper 
towchinge his returne of answeare unto the partes of the 
peticion which I delivered unto him this weeke. He advised 
me to forbeare anie farder pursuite of your busines, affirminge 
verie confidentlie unto me that his Majesties expres pleasure is 
commended unto him to graunte the said Comyssion to our 
Lord Bishop, which by his warrant is drawen and delivered 
unto the Kinges Attorney, whom I have attended with humble 
request that he wilbe pleased not hastily to returne the same 
unto the Crowne Office but to bounde a tyme when I maie 
bringe the Cities Councell to conferre with him towchinge 
the partes of your immunitie by Charter, which favoure he hathe 
yealded unto me and for the better strengtheninge of our 
endevors I have with the consent of our Recorder and my Cosen 
Hakewill reteyned the Recorder of London and one Mr. Bridg- 
man, a learned gent, towchinge the pleas of the Crowne, and verie 
inwardlie interessed with the acquaintans of Mr. Attorney. 

" This suite is heavily sett upon and pursued with force 
and stronge meanes insomuche I feare the succes, and the 
more in regard of the reason which by my laste letters to my 
brother, I presented to the consideracion of your Societie 
which I humblie desire maie be considered and taken to 
harte amonge you for yf you forslow the oportunitie 
and meanes now offered you maie preiudice the pillars of your 
goverment. I dare not inlardge my reasons by pen, but 
deeme it sufficient to give you a word in season, nothinge 
doubtinge but that as the case now standes with you, you will 
providentlie bend bothe your wills, wytts and purses, to 
further the betteringe of that which in some points is founde 
defective ; you know my meaninge. 

" This weeke (the terme beinge ended) I intend to bringe 
all your reteyned Councell with your owne togeather, pur- 
poselie to consider of such material pointes as necessarilie 
are to be drawen out of the bodie of your Charter for 
Mr. Attorneyes better informacion, whereunto I will add 
suche notes of mconveniencie and conveniencie as maie 
perswade him of the daunger of suche a president, which 
tendeth to the disturbance of the peace, of the entire gover- 
ment and will also turne to irregularitie of state, which 
pointe Mr. Recorder dothe ernestlie desire you to prevent 
by some speedie provision and providence to right all imper- 
fections of &c. which are menconed hi my letter to my brother. 
This bearer beinge a footeman is hastie and occasionethe 
this brevitie. My humble duetie remembered, do remayne, 
Your obliged in duetie and love, 

" Wm. Prouz. 

" When I have gathered our Councell togeather I will 
propoun unto them (yf so cause shall require) whither J shall 
petition the King or the Lords," 



128 

In L. 231, July 6, 1622, William Prous writes to the 
Mayor, &c. : 

"Rt. Worshipfull. 

"This inclosed (i.e. L. 230) which was penned purposelie 
to be sent unto you by the footepost of Tavistocke who 
departed and hathe left the same behind him, dothe par- 
ticulerlie acquainte you with the state of your busines with 
the Lord Keeper : and how farre your suite unto 
Mr. Secretarie hathe ben prevalent. By theise be pleased 
to be advertised that this daie the Lord Keeper hathe resolved 
to have the Commission perfected, notwithstandinge the 
Kinges Attorney hathe again confidentlie acquainted him 
that your Charters are negative and that by Law nor precedent 
his Majestie maie not safelie do It. Which resolucion his 
Lordship dothe not relishe, but intendes as is thought, to 
establishe his cause by warrant from his hieghnes, to meete 
with him in that course, as yet your Counsell have not advised 
but intend purposelie to conferr thereaboute to-morrow and 
then to sett foreward theire determynacion for me to prosecute. 
Which dilligentlie and carefullie I will pursue with an upright 
harte and true affection : for the maintenance of your 
priviledges and reputacons. Upon thursdaie nexte the Kinge 
comes to Whitehaule, where he intendes to make a shorte 
staie, goinge from thens to farname* in progres. Yf the 
Lord Keeper or our Bishop's intendment be to compas theire 
desire, It is presumed that theire suite to his Majestie wilbe 
to have a non obstante to settle him against the power of 
your Charter and consequentlie the Common Law of the 
Realme : wherein everie good subiecte hathe an estate of 
inheritans. Thus with the due remembrance of my duetie 
and service to your worship, and to the rest of your societie., 
do take leave remaininge at your comaundment most readie, 

" Wm. Prowz." 

In L. 232 (undated, but circ. July 8, 1622), William Prous 
writes to the Mayor, &c. : 

"Rt. Worshipfull. 

" I am crediblie informed that our Bishop was yesterdaie 
with my Lord Keeper, which the rather I do beleive in 
respecte the Kinges Attorney told me this afternoone that 
the Lord Keeper would go on with the Commission to associate 
the Bishop in Commission with you, not withstandinge his 
opinyon that the King could not do it in pointe of Law ; And 
for my better satisfaction I presentlie repaired to the Clerke 
of the Crowne who asserteined me that my Lord this 
morninge ordered him to drawe a new Commission, 
(the former drawght beinge erronious) and yf the King 
maie not do it by Law ; yet his Majesties will is to have 
it, and therefore It shalbe don, quoth my Lord. Hereof 
I have informed your Councell, by whose advise I am ordered 

* In a letter dated London, Aug. 10, 1622, the King has left Windsor for 
Farnham. Cdl. Pom., 1619-23, p. 439, 



129 

to conferre with Mr. Benbow for some directions, to some 
pointes which I purpose to propounde unto which (sic) resolved. 
Shall occasion the prosecution of a new intended course, 
which I cannot by my letters advertise because it is not yet 
fullie determyned. Neyther can be theise two Daies. Now 
yf my Lord will observe what he deemes fitt, you must with 
patience endevoure to maineteine your priviledges in a legall 
course, which by opinyon is conceived to be verie prevalent. 
Howbeit your Councell do presume that his Lordship will 
better consider that there is neyther Law nor president to 
warrant a Commission of that nature, tendinge to irregularitie 
in pointe of presumption. Now as the wynde blowes good 
or bad, towchinge your publick busines I will evermore 
advertise duringe my abode here ; which yf the Lord will 
shalbe no longer than the Satturdaie after thend of this terme, 
for London hathe cleane tired me out. It is privatelie reported 
here that the frenche Kinge is deade* and that he dyed of an 
impostume in his head. This last Sabaothe the Kinge made 
two new privie Counsellors, Sir Edward Connawaie and 
Sir Oliver St. John, the late Deputie of Ireland. f 

" My duetie and service remembered to your worship 
and to your brethren and societie, do remayne, yours readily 
to be comaunded. 

" Wm. Prouz." 

In L. 233, London, July 13, 1622, Win. Prous writes to 
the Mayor, &c. : 

"Rt. Worshipfull, 

" I presume after some fewe daies I shall finde out the 
Lord Keeper's determynacion towchinge the ordering of our 
Bishop's Commission, which so ernestlie thoughe underhand 
by his instruments he pursues. And albeit the stirringe 
solicitor assigned by our Bishop hathe latelie informed the 
Clerke of the Crowne, from whose mouth I received relacion 
that the Solicitor tolde him that the Bishop was not desirous 
to have a Commission of association to sitt with you, but that It 
proceeded onlie from the affection of the Lord Keeper to 
authorize him thereunto, yet nevertheles I knowe and have 
found out his instruments that cease not to gaine his desire 
and longinge disposicion thereon by some unfittinge practises, 
which hitherto have ben cautiouslie yet secretlie prevented. 
So as yf his Majesties commaund be not put to the furtherance 
hereof, I hope his suite wilbe fruiteles. 

" The Kinge came hither upon thursdaie, and wente hence 
yesterdaie. It is conceived that the Lord Keeper will and 
hathe moved the Kinge towchinge the conveniency of havinge 
our Bishop a Commyssioner with you, pretendinge that It 
wilbe muche for the furtherance of his Majesties service there, 

* Louis XIII did not die till May 14, 1643. 

| i.e. Viscount Grandison. Both he and Conway were admitted members 
of the Privy Council on June 28th, 1622. Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, 
pp. 415, 418. 

Wt. 20757 Ex 9 



130 

but his Majesties Attorney yf he be required to satisfie in 
pointe of Law his hieghnes I hope will informe by that It maie 
not be done eyther by law, president nor conveniencie. 

" And for that It is supposed that my Lord will not hastily 
give informacion of his Majesties pleasure to have the Com- 
mission finished yf he shall obteyne it. It is thought fit by 
your Councell and also otherwise that my staie here shalbe 
lengthened to take notice what furder directions wilbe given 
therein that accordingelie I maie you reporte thereof at my 
returne, which otherwise I intended should have ben with 
Mr. Recorder, who comes hence upon Mondaie nexte, to 
whom I will make an accounte of those thinges that I shall 
learne and finde out towchinge the passages of this in the 
meane while yf anie happen to be. 

"My love and duetie remembered to your worship and 
to your brethren, and societie, do remayne, 

" Your most obedient servant, 

" Wm. Prouz." 

L. 241. Hilary Term, 1622-3. For expenses and dis- 
bursments from the 6th of January unto the xjth of February, 
1622 (i.e. 1623) : 

For a mans hors hire to accompany me onlie to London 
whom I retained presently . . . . . . xxs. 

For his wages and his and myne expenses up . . xls. 

For his expenses onlie downwardes . . . . xs. 

For cariage of my trunke . . . . . . vs. 

For my owne dyet at London onlie for 5 weeks, two 
daies, my chamber hier, fyer, washinge and hors- 
meate . . . . . . . . . . . . vijJ. 

In fees to Mr. Bridgeman, Mr. Noye, Mr. Hakewill, and 
benevolences . . . . . . . . xxiijZ. xvs. 

For a leather bage . . . . . . . . xiiijd. 

To Mr. Lambe and Mr. Philipps for a copie of pre- 
cedents . . . . . . . . . . . . xvijs. vie?. 

Mr. Recorder in fees . . . . . . . . nil. 

Suma . . . . . . xxxvJ. viijs. viijd. 

Received, 501. 

Resedue, xiiij/. xjs. iiijrf. 

Which somme I am readie to paie where your worshipps 

shall order the receite. 

I was at London, and in my Journey homewardes three 
weekes and two daies, which I caste not upon the Chamber's 
charge, but charge my expenses for so longe tyme upon my 
account to Mr. Maior of Tiverton. 

[Endorsed : Mr. Wm. Prouse (sic) exhibited this accounte 
the llth of Marche, 1622 (i.e. 1623).] The document is in his 
own handwriting, but the name in the endorsement is added 
in a later hand. 

In D. 1742, April, 1623, the Chamber appoints John Prouse, 
Alderman, and William Prouse, gentleman, as attornies for 



131 

us and in our names to become humble suitors as well to the 
Kinges most excellent Majestie as to the Lordes of his 
Majesties most honorable Privie Counsell for the maynten- 
ance of all such liberties, rights and privileges as have hereto- 
fore benne graunted unto us or any of our predecessors within 
the said Cittye and Countie of Exeter." 

In L. 242, London, April 17, 1623, John Prouse writes 
to the Mayor : "I doubt not but you expect to heare 
from me, and I wyshe that I could Imparte unto you suche 
good newes towching your busynesse as you desire, but suche 
as it is by theise you shall understand. Upon Thursdaie 
last my brother [i.e. William Prous] ridd to Hampton Court,* 
where he found a better oportunitie to delyver your peticion 
to his Majestie then I could do the Wednesdaie before, although 
I way ted long at Whythall to have performed so muche, the 
Kong beinge no waie Inclinable at that tyme to receave anie 
one peticion, nor did from anie. His Majestie accepted the 
petition with muche perswasion, first understanding from 
whome it came ; and when he was told from whome, he said 
that he understood that the citizens were Puritans, to which 
my brother made a modest awnsweare, which somewhat 
pacified the King. At last he gave him this awnswere, that 
he should attend at Windsore and there he should have his 
awnsweare, according to which direction my brother is this 
daie Ridden thither ; at whose Retornelhope to wryte you more 
Largelye for as yet I knowe not what successe wee shall have. 
Your letter I delyvered to my Lord Treasurer, f whohathe nobly 
promised to stand for us and for our peticion, and to speak with 
his Majestie hand to hand for the furtherance of our suit. The 
next Labor wilbe to attend bothe his Lordship and some other 
to worke our peace and to bring our honest ends to a fayrer 
Issue, which God grant us, assuring you that no good meanes 
shalbe neglected by us which maie effect the same, for I 
knowe that wee shall have strong opposition by potent 
personages in the behalf e of our byshopp, who hathe traduced 
us exceedinglie to his Majestie as hereafter wilbe manifested, 
for he hathe gyven out that his workmen and servant were 
beaten by 500 people, which I knowe to be untrue [see L. 234, 
page 134], and shalbe made plaine if the King put over this 
busynesse with the hearing thereof to the Counsell bord, 
untill when no more, onlie I doubt that your cause before 
it Recey ve a consideracion will prove costlie to you and burden- 
some to us by Long attendance, but God's will be done. I 
praie you lett not this letter be made common, for I am assured 
that all you do is presentlie here. Silence become the grave 
magistrates. And so I leave your selfe and my brethren 
to the grace of God and rest 

your worship's ever loving ffriend, 
Jo. Prouze." 

* For documents dated at Hampton Court, April 17, 1623, and Windsor, 
April 18, 1623, see Cat. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 559. 

f i.e. Lionel Lord Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, see L. 220, p. 77. 



132 

In L. 252, Lincoln's Inn, June 28, 1623, Nicholas Ducke 
[Recorder of Exeter, page 55] writes to John Martyn [Town 
Clerk] : 

"Untill I receyved your letter by George Salter, I did 
little doubt but that the Commission for the money clippers 
had bene Longe agoe dispatched. I shall have such important 
busynes partlie concerning the City of Exon and partlie my 
selfe in my particuler, and will lye so uppon me and require 
my attendance here so longe, that I thinke I shall not be able 
to reache home before your Sessions. I praie you therfor to 
acquaynt Mr. Maior with it and hi my behalfe heartilie to 
intreat Mr. Waltham and Mr. Reynell [see L. 21 1, page 1 10], for 
the giving of the charge and to attend to the Sessions and busy- 
nes ; and I shalbe ready to acknowledge yt. And I conceive the 
busynes will neyther be longe or difficult. For the Sequestracon 
I have moved the Barons, and it is yet yeelded that wages 
shalbe allowed for a Cuarat to serve the Cure, such as the 
ordinary shall think fitt. Bud (sic) Mr. Costard hath 
petitioned his Majestic, who hath referred the consideracion 
of that busynes of the sequestracion to my Lord Treasurer, 
and by hym to Baron Denham ; so that wee knowe not yet 
what the finall end wilbe. But the sending' in of the money 
by Mr. Maior is well allowed. For the Eschetorship, we are 
now in hand with yt and will doe our best, and yeeld an 
account of our proceedings therin uppon our returne. 
William Prowse is employed about the Escheatorship, and 
followes it carefully and like himself. Wee feare much the 
Commission of the peace, but wee shall do our best to with- 
stand yt for so much as shall lie in our powers. Thus with 
my hearty commendacons I leave the success of all busynes 
to God, and rest your assured frend, 

Nich. Ducke. 

In L. 256, London, Nov. 8, 1623, William Prous writes to 
the Mayor, John Gokewill, Esq., and the rest of the deputie 
Lieutenants : 

"Rt. Worshipfull. 

" Our Lord Lieutenant for Devon and Exon hathe ben 
pleased to acquaint me that he is dealinge with Mr. Secretary 
Calvert for the passage of his Comyssion and dothe expecte 
allowance from your Chamber to be fourthwith disbursed 
according to the ordinary proporcon heretofore dispended 
upon like occasion. And because his pleasure could not be 
made knowen soner unto your worships (howbeit It is saied 
that sume amounge you were acquainted with his Lordship's 
resolucon bendinge that waie at his being at Exon), I have 
thought it my duetie (being thereunto also by his Lordship 
requested) to give you knowledge thereof, Leaving further 
directions to be given for his Lordship's better satisfaction 
and the accomplishment of this weightie affaire, to your deep 
and better considerations and, wisedomes. 



133 

" I finde his Lordship's inclynacon bendinge to the increase 
of the number and to make the number full with addicon 
of two more, to those that formerlie have ben deputed. He 
hathe required my attendance aboute this service, for which 
purposelie I intend to lengthen my tyme for 10 daies (my 
determynacons beinge formerlie and resolutely setled to 
have come heare upon thursdaie nexte beinge the 13 of this 
instant monethe. I humblie therefore desire to be informed 
(yf so It shall seeme good unto you) jwhat returne I shall 
make unto his Lordship for payment of such somme as shalbe 
required for the passage and dueties incident to the procuringe 
thereof ; And the rather do beseche the expeditinge of your 
answeare in regard of my desire to leave this care, which 
is very noysome to my bodie. Untill the 23 your occasions 
shall staie me here. 

" The Catalogue of those names which are to be presented 
unto his Lordship for increase of the number must be those 
four Jus tics which are none of the number alreadie mencioned 
in his deputacon, of which number I presume the lott will 
fall into the Lappe of Mr. Waltham [Geoffrey Waltham, Mayor 
1613] and Mr. Muddyford [John Modyford, Mayor 1622], 
gentlemen well approved of. 

" I have the warrant of his Lordship's comaund to comend 
his hartiest affections to you, Mr. Maior, by name, with many 
thankes for his liberall and cherefull enterteinement, which 
words I received from his owne mouthe, and the like affections 
to the rest of the lieutenants, with his love to the Common 
Counsel!. 

" There are certeine directions towchinge marshall affairs 
which he ordereth to be delivered and sent or carried to your 
worshipps, which with safetie yf God will shalbe performed 
yf the charge is laied upon me. 

" My service and duetie remembered to your worship 
and the rest of the Justics, do humblie take leave and shall 
remayne ever at your commaundment in alle sinceritie and 
faithfullnes, 

" Wm. Prouz. 

" I crave pardon for this rude writinge, being somewhat 
diseased with hedache." 

Abraham Rutter. 

L. 221. May 27, 1622. The Lords of the Council forward 
to the Mayor a warrant for the arrest of Abraham Rutter, 
a citizen of Exeter, as soon as he should return from the Low 
Countries.* 

Postscript. You are to carrie this busines verie secretly 
least that Rutter having notice thereof doe forbeare to returne 
thither and keepe out of the way. 

* He was charged with exporting gold and silver out of the realm between 
Aug. 27, 1619, and May, 1622, but was cleared of the charge on Nov. 30, 
1622. Gal. Dom., 1619-1623, p. 465. 



134 

In L. 224, June 15, 1622, Lord Mandeville [President of the 
Council] writes to the Mayor, &c., that he has received their 
letter of June llth and therewithall Abraham Rutter, whom 
you had order from the Board to apprehend. He desires 
them to search Rutter's house for his Books of Account and 
letters of advice, and them to take and keepe in your custody 
till you have further order from the Board. 

In L. 232 (undated, but circ. July 8, 1622), William Prouse 
writes to the Mayor : " I am commaunded to attend the Kinges 
Attorney tow. [i.e. touching] your letter, Mr. Maior, to the 
Lord president, which accordingelie I have don this evening. 
From Mr. Attorney's owne mouthe, I am required to intreate 
you to send up such bookes and other writinges as you have 
taken into your custodie of Mr. Rutter's ; and to send them 
up fast sealed under your hand and seale, that they maie 
not faile to be here at the fardest by the 15th of this monethe, 
that my selfe maie have them to deliver with my owne hand to 
Mr. Attorney, from whom he expectes to receive them as a 
person trusted by him for the expeditinge of his Majesties 
service, which as is pretended is of greate importance ; hereof 
I humblie beseche your worship have speciall care to send 
them by a faithfull and speedie messenger, that I maie receive 
them in due tyme, to present them as is spetiallie required, 
which I leave to your wisedome and graver consideracon. 
[With side note : " Reade this parte to Mr. Maior onlie."] 

The Free Schools. 

L. 234. July 15, 1622. The Lords of the Council write to 
the Bishop of Exeter [i.e. Valentine Gary, see L. 10, p. 17] 
enclosing a petition of William Perriman, " Schoolemaister 
of the Haigh School in the Cittie of Exeter [called " the ancient 
school of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter " in Gal. Dom., 
1629-1631, p. 297, June, 1630], complaining of divers great 
abuses and outrages offered unto him, his ushers and schollars 
by Zacharie Wills, an apprentice and others [endorsed " The 
Lords letter to the Lord Carye Bishopp about the riott at 
Southernhay," see L. 242, p. 131 ; also Lloyd Parry, p. 19], 
and desiring the Bishop to take full examinations concerning 
the matter. 

This letter, which is somewhat torn, has been the outside 
of a bundle of papers relating to this business, and is thus 
endorsed by Izaack : " These several papers doe expresse the 
particuler vexations and complaynts of Wm. Ferryman, a 
Schoolemaster, against the Cittie of Exeter, and charitable 
worke &c., wherein though two Bishops [i.e. Gary and Hall] 
and the Deane and Chapter of Exeter joyned with them, yet 
were their reasons rejected and severall men's pious donations 
ordered to be performed prout Pasch 7 Car. [i.e. Charles I 1631] 
R. in May att the Counsell Board."* 

* The particulars of this dispute have been recently published by the Town 
Clerk, Mr. H. Lloyd Parry, The Founding of Exeter School, who quotes 
many of the documents which are here printed in full. J. H. W. 29.6.13. 



136 

In L. 271, Jan. 4, 1624-5 [also L. 235, undated, which is a 
duplicate, wrongly endorsed 1622, with slight verbal 
variations] William Perriman, Schoolemaister of the Highe 
School in the Cittie of Exeter, petitions George [Abbot] Lord 
Archbishop of Canterbury, stating that the magistracy of 
Exeter out of a long suppressed malice against him for com- 
plaining some three yeres since to the Lords of the Council 
(L. 234) of the countenancing and bearing out certain riotous 
persons who had highly violenced and wronged him, his ushers 
and scholars, have of late besides divers false and scandalous 
aspersions tendinge to his defaminge and disablinge in his 
person and profession contrarie to the letter of the Lords, the 
opinion of the Judges of Assize, and without anie former 
president caused him to be taxed for the first payment of 
the last Subsidie and since to the second payment. 

That notwithstanding by his solicitation and private charge 
of 300/. he hath byn the meanes of reedifying the said schoole, 
wherein he hath ymployed his best tyme and endeavors theise 
22 years, they have labored to erect a newe schoole in 
prejudice if not overthrowe of his most auncient schole. 

That lookinge herein redresse from the Reverend Lord 
Bishop there (though verie willinge) was not able to releive 
hym, havinge noe Temporall jurisdiction in that Cittie. 

That lastlie in further execution of their still continuinge 
spleene they have without any former usage assessed him 
towards the erectinge of a magazine for powder and he humblie 
suinge therein for the priviledge of his profession was by them 
bound in this tyme of Chrismas and dead of winter to appear 
before the right Honorable the Lord Russel, Lord Lieutenant 
of that Countie here near London,* and could by noe meanes 
begge a further and more seasonable journey. 

With a note : I praie the Lord Russell to give the best 
assistance that his Lordshipp can to this petitioner in his 
honest cause. G. Cant. [See Lloyd Parry, pp. 28, 31.] 

On the back is a copy of a writ dated Whitehall, Feb. 7 
1624-5, summoning " such two of the Aldermen of the Cittie 
of Exeter as you shall thinke fittest instructed and authorised 
on your behalf es to make answare to the said complaintes " 
of George (sic) Perriman : 

In a further petition addressed to the Lords of the Privy 
Council, a duplicate of which is in L. 272 (undated), 
Mr. Perryman asserts : 

They practize to erecte a newe schoole and bringe in another 
schoolmaster your petitioner havinge served in that place 
without just cause of exception 22 yeres, drawne thither by 
themselves from a place of equall benefitt, the schole beinge 
capable of receivinge manie more, and your petitioner havinge 
at his owne charges of 300Z. reedified the same and provided 
learned ushers at his greate cost to serve there. 

* i.e. at Chiswick. See L. 263, 273, pp. 11, 138. 



136 

That on his return from the interview with Lord Russell, 
" residinge neare London," they first in approbrious termes 
reviled your petitioner, saying he was a proude, sawsie, 
insolent fellowe, and they would whipp hym worse then he 
whipped anie. scholler, and within fewe daies after to the 
further disgrace of your petitioner, called an unusuall assembly 
to gether and pressed your petitioner there to make publique 
confession and acknowledgment of the afore said supposed 
error. Divers other causeless reproaches and Injuries tendinge 
to the scandalizinge of his person and disablinge and dis- 
couraginge hym in his profession are dailie offered to your 
petitioner, whereof your Lordshipps may be likewise pleased 
to be further informed by his Counsell. 

The premisses considered the petitioner humblie praieth 
your Lorshipps to take such course as in your wisdomes shall 
seeme best as well for the petitioner's future exemption from 
the like taxes and charges and for upholdinge the priviledges 
of the Auncient Schoole, as also for the future quiet of your 
petitioner and some reparation for the disgrace susteyned as 
beforesaid. 

L. 236 (undated). Wee have heard of a petition about 
three yeares past exhibited by the schoolmaster of Exeter unto 
the Lords of his Majesties privye Councell complayninge as now 
against the Magistrates of Exeter which busenes when itt 
came to hearinge before the Lord Byshopp, as wee are crediblie 
informed by the Recorder of Exeter, beinge present, he onelie 
called and accused one of the Aldermen, namely Mr. John 
Prowze, which wee are the rather induced to beleeve because 
none of us besides the said Alderman Prowze were either 
publikelye called before the said Lord Byshopp at the tyme 
of the examynacon of the busenes or privatlie dealt with 
therein by the Lord Byshopp or any from hym. Butt as wee 
have heard the said Schoolmaster finding his owne error that 
he had peticioned against the whole Governors and att the 
hearinge called and accused butt one by the advice (as itt 
seemes) of some frend of his complayned att the laste in grosse 
against all the Governors, but soe Coldlye as nott any one of 
us (Mr. Prowse excepted) were ever called before my Lord 
touchinge the busenes and the petition itt self which was 
exhibited unto the lords of his Majesties Privy Counsell after 
itt was once read before the said Lord Bishopp, as wee have 
heard could not ever againe be scene, soe as wee could not 
informe ourselves of the Injurye Slaunders he did us therein 
Whereby wee might have proceeded to right our selves by a 
Course of Lawe. 

Now for justifieinge of our proceedings in this busenes, on 
Complaint made on the parte of the ushers (though on 
examynacion wee found both partyes faultye as itt will 
[presentlye] appeare) yett wee bound over onelie the Townsmen 
unto the next generall Sessions. At which Sessions there 
beinge noe legal! proceedings against them by the adverse 



137 

parte they were discharged in open Sessions by the then 
Maior and Justices, Richard Waltham, Counsellor at lawe 
then sittinge in place of the Recorder." 

[Endorsed: " The passages of the busines touching Perriman 
in 1622 before ye Lord Bishop of Exon, et that not binding 
the ushers as the townsmen were argues us [i.e. the magistracie] 
to be farr from mallice." For abstract, see Lloyd Parry, p. 18.] 

In L. 243, London, April 27 (s.a., but 1624, though endorsed 
1623, as Lloyd Parry, p. 24), J. Chappell [possibly a son of 
John Chappell, who was Mayor in 1595] writes to the Mayor, 
John Gupwill : 

"Right Worshipfull. 

" My humbell and most Bounden dutie unto you and the 
Rest of the Worshipps Remembered. Accordinge to your 
derectiones I have Imparted unto Mr. Recorder [Nicholas 
Ducke] and Mr. Prouze the substance of the buisnes which 
your worship and the Rest willed me to dow, and in especiall, 
touching the Treatie with our Lord Bushoppe for his favour 
in permitinge of another skoolmaster to teach within the City. 

" The weeke after my first Cominge to London the Lord 
Bushope was moved by Mr. Recorder, Mr. Prouze and my 
selfe beinge present, and his Awnsear was That as yet he was 
not so fullye acquented with the maner of the skooll, but 
would advise himsealfe with thoes which better knowe yet 
and then would give his Awnsear ; and one Sundaye last 
Mr. Recorder, Mr. Prouze and my sealfe In The afternone 
went to his house, and ther after many Comunicationes, wher 
his Chauncelor was present, his Awnsear was fullie and plenarily 
thus : " That yf ye.t might appear of any particular Comodity 
might Redound to the citizens by the havinge of another 
skoolmaster, he would willinglie yeald to their request, &c., 
and that at his next Cominge downe into the Cuntrie, which 
he said by Godes grace should be present after this seccion 
of parlement : he doupted not but to give them good satis- 
faction, and withal said That yf any other course wear taken 
for the admission of another skoollmaster yet should in 
no maner discontent him. In the discourses of pro and con., The 
Chauncelor touched that Mr. Perimanhad not in all one hundred 
and ffortie skollers and that he did not macke clear of the skooll 
above a hundred pound per annum, and said he would man- 
tayne the poyntes to be True. 

" This is far under the number and some which Mr. Recorder 
and Mr. Prouze alleaged, and so upon thoes termes wee 
parted ; nowe having Receaved this determinat Awnsear, 
Mr. Recorder willed me to signifye unto your worshippis what 
had passed, and withall said for present he saw no waye to Attayne 
unto yet except some pregnant mattir could be proved against 
Mr. Penman of any fact done by him : and for to move yet 
in the parlement yet would bee but a hassard to expend mony 
upon a douptfull event, for the parlement is possessed with 



138 

many petitions and billes, and yf everi daye wear a weeke, 
yet would bee time littell yenoufe to determine them, and 
many will come short of ther expectation. 

" The Buisines of examinations about the Lord Tresearor [see 
L. 268, p. 1 14] which hath binne dependinge near a moneth hath 
binne the cause that many billes and petitiones of greavances lye 
backe, and attend time. Diverse Merchantes of London and Brist- 
towll and my selfe wear summoned to appear before the Lords of 
the heier house and ther sworne by the Lord Keeper to awnsear 
before the Lordes Committes touchinge greavances of which 
Attendance wee are not yet freed, but this weeke we hoope the 
Lord Tresearour's Buisines will be Censured, which I fear 
will fall heavye ; and the oppininge of a pathe of some others 
to fowlowe ; for our greavances of the pretermitted Custome, 
the Grocerie, the prisage, the Alowance of repayment of 
Impost upon sugares exported, the Allowance upon other 
Perpetuances, and small Devon, Somersett and Dorset Dozns, 
wee are in good hoope of some Redresse : for other particular 
* * * hear, yet is the backe see ebbinge and flowinge, up and 
downe ; so a man dare not be thauthoc (?) onlie his Majesties 
graciouse speache [see p. 114], whereof I send you a coppie [not 
preserved], and his generall pardon is said to be verie large. The 
licke hath not binne since the first year of the late quenes Raigne. 
In Mr. Recorder's Chamber ther was some speache of Mr. John 
Martin's* death, and many Reported to be suttores for the 
Town clarkShippe, and emongest many which were named, 
Mr. Recorder said he could wyishe yf yett did so please the 
Mr. of the 24 that Mr. Wm. Neald, which hath binne well 
experimenced in the ofice to be a fit man and cappabell to 
dow good ofices for the Citye upon any occasion. Thus I 
humblie take my leave and dow Remayne at your Worshipped 
comandement in all dutie to be comanded, 

"J. Chappell." 

In L. 268, Westminster, April 24, 1624, John Prowse writes 
to the Mayor : " Concerning a newe scholemaster I feare 
our bishop wilbe adverse to our desire, whose aunsweare 
wee shall understand to-morrow, however Mr. Recorder and 
my selfe joyne in opinion that you should by a letter subscribed 
by yourselfe and all our magistrates, with some others of the 
better citizens, wryte to my Lords Grace of Canterbury, 
humbly Intreating his favor in this busynesse which being 
sent in season wee will second you, in the meane tyme wee 
purpose notwithstanding to be suters unto his Grace for the 
efecting of your Request if possybly wee maie obteyne the same." 

L. 273. Chiswick, Jan. 6, 1624-5. Francis Lord Russell 
(see p. 11) writes to the Mayor and deputy Lieutenants of 
Exeter : 

" After my hartie commendacons I received from you latelie 
a letter with a Recognizance wherein Mr. Willyam Perryman, 

* Town Clerk since April 22, 1620. He was also Chamberlain, see p. 114. 
He was buried April 20, 1624. 



139 

Schoolemaister of Exeter, was bound to appear before me 
together with your information against hym towchinge the 
cause of his byndinge over ; Soe it is that he made his 
apparance before me within the tyme prefixed by the recog- 
nizance and before I had received your letter or information 
against hym whereby I could not att the first charge hym 
particularlie with anie offence ; but since then he hath come 
to me againe; And nowe comparinge your information with 
his aunsweares I find his refusall to pay the rate imposed 
on hym towards your magazine of powder to be the onlie matter 
of substance laide to his charge proper for me to consider and 
judge of. And touchinge that point he laboures to excuse 
or att least to extenuate the offence complayned of by 
alleaginge your former passinge by of him for theis manie 
yeres in rates of like nature, which thoughe it were not of 
right seemeth to have byn done out of some favour which 
yourselves in former tymes helde not inconvenient to afford 
hym. And therefore albeit I approve and commend your 
proceedings hitherto against hym, yet fyndinge hym now to 
fall of from that spiritt of contradiction which you alleadge 
to have formerlie byn in hym and willinge to submitt hymselfe 
to my judgment and that he acknowledgeth his error of his 
stiffe insistinge heretofore uppon his right of exemption and 
in regard of his confident protestacions that he gott the most 
part of that little meanes he hath without your Cittie by a 
match, and that he hath alreadie laid out a good part of his 
fortune in reedifyinge the schoole house of your Cittie, from 
whence you may all reape a common benefitt. I am for these 
reasons and in respecte of a speciall recommendation in his 
behalfe from the Lord's Grace of Canterbury induced to give 
waye that he be spared from contributinge to this rate att 
this tyme with this causion neverthelesse that he confesse 
his error before you and in such sorte as the other refractorie 
persons formerlie did, and that it be not drawne into 
precident for men of anie qualitie who may not take occasion 
by the example of this one favor showed to a single scholler 
to presume of the like indulgence. Thus I bidd you hartelie 
farewell, restinge, 

Your verie lovinge ffrend, 

Ffra. Russell. 
[For abstract see Lloyd Parry, p. 28.] 

L. 274. Whitehall, Feb. 7, 1624(25). The Lords of the 
Council write the Mayor and Aldermen of Exeter : 

"After our hartie commendacons, Whereas George (sic) 
Ferryman, Schoolmaster of the Cittie of Exeter, hath by 
peticion humblie complained to this Board of sundrie causeless 
and uniust vexations putt uppon hym by you the particulars 
whereof appear more at large in his said peticion, a coppie where- 
of we send you inclused [i.e. L. 271, p. 135], wee have thought 
good hereby to will and require you to cause to appear before 



140 

us at Whitehall the 18th dale of this present month such two 
of the Aldermen of the said Cittie as you shall thinke fittest 
instructed and authorized on your behalfe to make aunsweare 
to the said complaint, and soe wee bid you farewell. Your 
lovinge ffriends, 

H. Mandeville, G. Cant." [and 6 others]. 
[This is copied verbatim, but without the signatures on the 
back of L. 271.] 

L. 275 (undated and somewhat damaged). " Aunsweares to 
Mr. Willyam Ferryman's false and slanderous allegacons. 
ffirst for the complaynt touchinge the supposed ryott. The 
26th daie of June, 1622. Mr. Ferryman came unto the then 
Maior and complayned of some abuses done unto hymself 
and the ushers, and desired Mr. Maior to take the informacion 
of one witnes that was then suddenlie to departe the Cittie, 
which Mr. Maior and one of the Aldermen forthwith tooke. 
And the 27th daie Mr. Maior and all the Aldermen of the Cittie 
(Mr. Sheeres onlie excepted) spent the whole daie in further 
examination of the buysnesses. The 28th daie was markett 
daie, which Mr. Maior for manie servics is to attend. The 
29th daie the s [? several] persons complayned of were bound 
to the good behaviour and to appeare at the Sessions, which 
they did, and noe one then prosecutinge anie legall course 
against them, they were discharged. Richard Waltham, Esq., 
Counsellor at Law, beinge then presente and in . . . , as by 
the said severall examinacions and recognizances the coppies 
whereof wee send herewith maie . . . Add hereunto that 
the peticion unto the Lordes in anno 1622 was generall against 
the Maior and Aldermen of the Cittie, yet att the severall 
hearinges before the Lord Bishopp by refferance from the 
boarde (Mr. Recorder beinge then presente) he complaynes 
against Mr. John Prouse onlie ; so that not anie other of the 
Aldermen were eyther called or questioned, nether hath 
there anie hurt or damage ever since happened to anie one 
by reason of the said difference. 

ffor the Subsidie yt is Commissioners dutie to performe 
what they be trusted with. And it was the opinion of divers 
Learned Lawyers that he was not to be exempted as his case 
stands. And therefore wee in discharge of our duties did 
thinke fitt he should stande, as the raters had presented 
hym to us, the same beinge before anie man had given his 
opinion to the contrarie, yett we have heard that some of the 
Commissioners did afterwards certefie for hym into the 
Exchequer, whereuppon he was for that first Subsidie (with 
much labour) discharged, but with this direction (as wee were 
informed) that this favour was not againe to be expected for 
hym. Whereuppon wee againe gave waie he should be rated 
to the second Subsidie alsoe, and whither that be discharged 
or noe wee knowe not. The reasone whie he was not formerlie 
rated here to the Subsidie was in regarde the best parte of his 



141 

estate (as wee understande) was then in a Tenement he had 
in the Countie of Devon. . . . was there rated by the Com- 
missioners for that Countie, which Tenement beinge since 
sold ... in his purse wee holde ourselves to rate hym here. 
And to the ratinge of hym to the ffifteenethes wee fynde by 
precedence ... as he is no we rated xijd. in the same, ffor our 
purpose in erectinge a newe schoole, it is a strange complaynt, 
since it hath byn ever understoode . . . worke of pietie, and 
this was earnestlie sought by a peticion to the Chamber of 
Exon under the ... of 60 of the sufficients of the Commons 
att the leaste, which said peticion did importune the magis- 
trates to solicite the Lord Bishopp to this purpose, without 
anie thought (for ought wee knowe) to supplant the man, 
but to add another schoole to this Cittie, and if wee proceede 
therein the intente is it shalbe a ffree schoole indowed with 
maintenance for the Ease of posteritie for the education of 
their children, the payments nowe to the maister and ushers 
by the parents and frinds of the schollors beinge verie 
extraordinarie greate more than doble ever heretofore unto 
anie of his predecessors, which is exceedinglie complayned 
of, and the populousnes of this Cittie togeather with those 
that are sent hither from the Countrie greatelie needinge 
another teacher. And as for his comynge from his former 
place of teaching to this Cittie, he hymselfe was an earnest 
suitor for the same. And Archdeacon Hellier did earnestlie 
solicite for hym alsoe unto the then Maior. This change 
was well worthy his endeavours, for that wee conceive it to 
be seaven tymes more in value then his former place, which 
hath enabled hym to bestowe . . . the Schoole. What his 
charge was wee knowe not, but he received . . . towards the 
same by the benevolence of manie gent, and others both 
in Countrie and Cittie. And some are of opinion that his 
receipts did exceede his disbursements. 

ffor the powder rate it was comaunded by Authoritie 
and required by the right honorable the Lord Leivtenaunte 
under his hand and scale that those that would not pay those 
rates ymposed on them should be bound to appeare before 
his Lordshipp within the lymitted tyme of Twentie daies. 
The Schoolmaister was warned (as all others were) to paye 
or to appeare att the Guyldhall 3 or 4 tymes in the last 
summer. When as a Coppie of the said Commission was likewise 
sent to be shewed unto hym and all others. Yet he never 
gave his absolute aunsweare untill the 22th daie of December 
last, and then obstinatlie refusinge to paye ; ana desiringe 
to aunsweare the premisses before the said Lord Leivetenaunte, 
was then bound by recognizance according to the tenour of 
the said Commission. And he appearinge was by his Lordshipp 
ordered to give publique acknowledgmente of his Error. 
Agreeinge therewith, the Maior and deputie Leivtenaunts after 
his retorne sent unto hym the Chamberlyn, and one of the 
Bayliffs of the said Cittie (noe ordinarie messingers) to give 



142 

hym notice of the place and tyme that the (sic) had appointed 
to sitt (as formerlie they had often done) for the receivinge 
of the like rates of other persons, which (probabelie by his 
example) were then unpaide, and expected his presence then 
and there to performe what his Lordshipp had ordered, where 
he came and made a bare acknowledgmente of his supposed 
Error, as he termed it. Yet in peaceable manner of the deputie 
leivtenaunts' parte it was accepted. 

. . . and his Lordshipp's letter sent by Mr. Ferryman, 
which . . . seaven daies by him after his retorne home. And 
until! the verie daie after Mr. Recorder's departure for London 
will likewise cleare this last Article verie fuUie, as well for the 
lymitted tyme of his appearance before his Lordshipp as 
likewise for the order of his Acknowledgment, which he soe 
sleightlie performed. 

All the complaynts are but for 16s. Qd. 

Filed with this is a document (L. 275a), undated but endorsed 
"Feb., 1624-5. Obiections and Answeares to perryman's 
peticion," containing a few additional facts : E.q. (a) The 
petition exhibited to the Mayor and Governors " about 
Michaelmas last " was " from the Commons of Exon, being 
60 in number and all Subsidie men and of the better ranke 
of that Gitty." 

(6) " The place from which he (Perriman) came being a 
Countrey towne and a meane schoole noe way equall in benefitt 
to Exon Schoole." 

(c) " It shall be proved he received by way of benevolence 
from the Justices and gent, of Devon and from the 
Magistrates and Cittizens of Exon neere that somme (i.e. 3001.) 
if not more." 

(d) " They deny that he was reviled by any of them with 
any such opprobrious words as are complayned of." 

[For abstract see Lloyd Parry, p. 33.] 

L. 276 (Feb. 23, 1624-5), with duplicate in L. 277 : 

Your highnes devoted the Bishop of Exeter [Valentine Gary] 
being hindered by sickness from making my personall appear- 
ance before you this day : doth in all gentlenes present unto 
you this narracion of the difference between the Citty of 
Exeter and Mr. Perryman, the Schoolmaster there, soe farre 
as I have had any hand or dealing therein between them. 

It pleased your highnes to vouchsafe by your Letters to 
reserv.e unto me at my first coming amongst them the hearing 
and examining of a matter of which the Scholemaster had 
exhibited a complaynt unto your highnes. 

In obedience to your comaundment, I did convent the 
parties before me in the presence of divers wise and discreete 
gent., and having heard the matter at full on both partes 
I founde (as I did apprehend it) that there had been great 
abuse offered unto them of the schoole by some of the younger 
sort of the Citty, and little or no satisfaction given for the 



143 

same by the better sort (the magistrates) when the Schoole- 
master complained of that abuse unto them, but only this, 
That when they understood of his refuge to your highnes 
for redresse, They formally did binde some fewe of the 
delinquents to the good behaviour unto the time of their 
next Sessions, not binding any other to come in and lay any- 
thing to their charge. 

I should have made certificate thereof unto your highnes, 
but choose rather to lett it sleepe by me for two reasons. 
One because I was lothe at my first cominge to doe the Citty 
any bad office in procuring them any check or blame. The 
other because I sought to make peace amongst them and 
thought that the suppressing of the certificate would be an 
effectuall meanes thereof. And to that end I warned the 
Schoolemaster to carry himselfe respectively towards them 
and exhorted them to use him freindly. Wherein I finde 
my laboure in vayne, and how my good purposes have bine 
requited I will not now complaine. 

Another matter betweene them happening since the former 
is this : Whereof may it please your highnes to be thus 
advertised. During the last Session of parliament there 
came unto me three persons of qualitie (the Recorder of the 
Citty and two others) [L. 243, see 'page 137], in the name of 
the Maior and his brethren, with a request that I would allowe 
them to have in their Citty another Grammer Schoole besides 
Mr. Ferryman. I answeared that I would deferre it untill 
my coming into the country, when I should heare both 
their reasons for having another, and they should heare me 
for the upholding of him (et melior sententia vincat). 

Att my last being in the Country, the Maior with his brethren 
and the Recorder came and renewed their mocion unto me. 

I perceaving well that their mocion tended indirectly to 
the hindrance of Peryman and his schoole, Demaunded of 
them first whether they had any iust exception against him 
either of insufficiency, or of negligence or of misdemeanor, or 
of undue usage of his Schollers, and said that if they had any 
such iust excepcion I would either reforme or remove him. 
They answeared me, that they had nothing to say against 
him. I secondly demaunded of them what cause they had 
to desire another Schoolemaster with him, I sawe noe necessity 
thereof, for the Schoolehouse (built lately) most at his owne 
charge for perpetuity to the Citty, is soe spatious as it is able 
to receive and conteyne a hundred more Schollers then he hath, 
And he hath also the helpe of ushers under him sufficient to 
teach many more. 

I sawe noe good thereby could come to the Cittye, but 
rather much inconvenyence of gentlemen [=" p'ents," in 
L. 277] would upon every sleight occasion remove their children 
from schoole to schoole, whereby the children would be 
hindered in their learning. And therefore considering theis 
reasons and withall the well deserving of the poore man for 



144 

his 20 yeares paines and upwards taken amongst them, and 
also howe my predecessor [Bishop Cotton] had settled him 
in his place, inhibiting any others to learne Gramer there, 
save him alone, I desired them to rest contented, though I 
could not yeeld to their desire. 

They replyed that yf I would not graunt their desire they 
could seeke unto a higher power, where they did not doubt 
to obteyne it, and therein (as became me) I left them to their 
liberty. 

Thus with my humble dutye remembered, I testifye under 
my hand, 

Valen. Exon. 

I cannot but second the latter parte of this Certificate of my 
predecessor for the abilitye of the Teachers and capacitie of 
the Schoole. The case still standeth as it did formerly without 
any new cause of excepcion. 

Jo. Exon [i.e. Bishop Hall]. 

[Undated, but circ. June, 1630, see L. 334, p. 147; also 
Gal Dam. 1629-31, p. 451.] 

And wee the Deane and Chapter of the said Cathedrall 
Church of St. Peeter in Exeter having oftentymes bene 
acquainted with the premisses and knowing the opinion of 
Bishopp Carey and our now Bishopp Hall to be founded 
upon sufficient grounds doe most humbly desire that con- 
sidering the Old Schoole is able to conteyne a great many 
more schollers then now it hath, and finding both Schoolmaster 
and Ushers very able men to supply their severall places in 
this behalf e, noe new Schoole may be erected, it being very 
preiudiciall to the priviledges of our Church and contrarie 
to our locall statutes, the which we are sworne to observe 
and keepe. 

Wm. Peeterson, Deane 

[Since July 18, 1629]. 
Thos. Barrett, Arch. Exon. 

[died Nov. 25, 1633]. 
Laurence Barnell (sic), Chancellor 

[since July 2, 1624]. 
Robt. Hall, Treasurer 

[since June 25, 1629]. 
John Spratt (sic), Sub-deane 

[since Feb. 18, 1603]. 

[Both these documents are copies. For the originals see 
State Papers Dora., vol. clxxxiv, /. 39; Gal. Dom., 1623-25, 
p. 483 ; see also Lloyd Parry, p. 42.] 

[For abstract see Lloyd Parry, pp. 25, 35.] 

In L. 281 is a petition of the inhabitants of Exeter to 
the Chamber [endorsed " In the yeare of Mr. John Gupwill," 
who was Mayor 1623-4] setting forth that they sent their 
cliildren to school to one Mr. Perriman, and that he and 



145 

his Ushers having too many schollers to teach they profited 
nothing at all, for which cause and for the crewell and 
tirannicall whippinge of divers of our said children being 
apte to learne and of mild nature, some three, fower, five 
and six tymes hi one day, whereby some of our children 
pretendinge that they went to schoole went a meechinge half 
a yeare or more togeather, others refusing ever to goe to 
schoole to him, chusinge rather to hange themselves, drowne 
themselves, cut theire owne throats or otherwise murder or 
mischeife themselves ; whence divers were compelled to 
put their Children to their greate charge att Country Scholes 
and others to keepe them att home from schoole, divers of 
your suppliants beinge hi this perplexitie did put theire 
children to schoole to one Thomas Spicer, where for the most 
part they profitted more in one quarter of a yeare then they 
did in Two yeares at the said Perriman's Schoole. But soe itt 
is yf itt may please your worshipps that of late the said 
Perriman hath procured a letter from Mr. Doctor Goach to 
prohibite the said Thomas Spicer from teachinge. By reason 
whereof your Suppliants and theire children are likehe to be 
utterlie undone and to be barred from Learninge, which is 
most lamentable. And in Tender Consideracion whereof we 
doe most humblie beseech your worshipps to take into your 
Consideracion the consequence of this busines and to aide 
and assist to your uttmost endevour to prevent further incon- 
veniencye and mischefe that another schoole master may be 
allowed and authorized to teach the worke and our request is 
Good, Godly and Religious ; the reward wilbe yours. God 
direct all, and wee will pray for your worshipps preservation. 
Augustyn Drake, John Turner, Bartholomew Hore, Richard 
Hart. In the behalf e of ourselves and our owne wronges 
and of many hundreds more within the said Cittie and in the 
Countrye. [Extract in Lloyd Parry, p. 23.] 

In L. 278, Feb. 23, 1624 (i.e. 1625), is an order from 
the Lords of the Council to the magistrates of Exeter 
concerning Perryman's business, stating that : " present the 
Archbishopp of Canterburye, the Lord President, the Lord 
Bishopp of Winchester and six others. The Mayor and 
Aldermen of the Cittye of Exon having sent us two of their 
Corporation on that beehalfe were this day (as well by the 
foresayd two persons as by their learned Counsell) heard 
at the Board, the sayd Peryman and his Counsell beeinge 
also present, whear after many alligations on both sydes 
and much debate had, their Lordshipps found that somewhat 
to hard a hand had been caryed agaynst the said Peryman 
by the magistrates of the said Towne in som particulers which 
put him unto unnecessary charge and vexacion. Yet for that it 
was conceived to have som mixture of private endes of their 
owne accompanyed with som indisposition to the person of the 
Schoolmaster (of whose sufficiency and good demeanor the 

Wt. 20757. Ex 10 



146 

Board was satisfyed on very good testemony), Their Lordshipps 
thought fitt and ordered that the magistrates of the sayd 
Towne should bee heereby admonished to forbeare to put any 
the like unnecessary charge or treble heereafter upon the 
sayd Schoolemaster but give hym such respecte and counten- 
ance as belonge to a person of his callinge and profession, 
hee demeaninge hymselfe accordingly, with admonityon like- 
wise geeven by their whole Lordshipps to the Schoolemaster 
then present beefore them that he should by his respective 
and good caryadge seeke and endevor on his parte to regayne 
the love and good opynion of the Cittye. [See Lloyd Parry, 
p. 36.] 

In L. 306, Exeter, Nov. 21, 1627, John Acland (Mayor), 
four Aldermen and two others write to Bishop [Joseph] Hall : 
" Wee humblie gratulate your Lordships inauguration into 
this dioces.* Whereas wee have bin solicited by the Commons 
of this Cittie to become suitors to your Lordshipp yt you 
wilbe pleased to allow two publique Scholes of Gramer for the 
better education of their children and entreteinment of others 
yt shalbe sent hither because by the multitude and ill usage 
of schollers many are forced to keepe their sonnes abroade 
to theire greate costes and greater discomforte. Wee are 
bolde to desire your Lordshipps lawfull favoure in this behalfe 
that wee partake the like libertie as other Cities of les extente 
inioye ; wee do farther testifie that the hye schole here which 
nowe usurpethe a monopolie of Grammer to the generall 
greivance of all our Inhabitants and other gent in the Countrye 
never had neyther it hathe (as farr as wee could ever learne) 
anie legall priviledges by patent or otherwyse to barre others 
from teachinge within certeine precincts of this place as is 
pretended ; for wee have knowen two publique teachers of 
grammer at once in this Cittie divers tymes even in our memory, 
thoughe some have bin prohibited by your predecessors. 
In all which respects wee flye to the sanctuary of your Lord- 
shipps pietie to restore our ancient immunityes by which 
publique benefitt tendinge to the good of all you shall make 
many glad hartes and bynd us and our posteritie to praie 
for your Lordshipp 's prosperitie and longe continuance among 
us." [See Lloyd Parry, p. 38.] 

In D. 1769a is a reference to 2001 left by Thomas Walkerf 
towards the founding of a free grammar school in Exeter, 
where the children of the freemen of the said city might be 
taught and instructed in the learning of the Latin tongue 
without any charge to their parents. [See Lloyd Parry, p. 39.] 

In D. 326, Aug. 18, 1629, the trustees of Hugh Crossinge 
[who died in 1621] direct that in case his bequest, originally 

* He was elected Nov. 5, 1627, and consecrated Dec. 23, 1627. 

f i.e in his will dated Nov. 20, 1628. Report on Charities, pp. 2, 
231, where his daughter Elizabeth Dowrich, in her will dated Nov. 17, 1629, 
gives 501. for the same purpose. 



147 

meant to endow an Hospital or workinge house, shall not 
have been used for that purpose within the next three years 
it shall be used towards the erecting of a Free Grammar School 
under the direction of the Chamber. 

L. 334. Undated, but endorsed June, 1630. Petition to 
the Lords and others of the Privy Council from William 
Perryman, Scholemaster of the High Schole in the Citty of 
Exeter, humbly showing 

That whereas upon a Petition heretofore exhibited to your 
Lordshipps by your Petitioner compleyneing of the Mayor 
and Aldermen of that Citty for assessing your Petitioner to 
the subsidies and fifteends contrarie to the opinion of the 
Judges of Assize in poynt of Lawe, the will of the Assessors 
and theire owne constant usage for more than 20 yeares before, 
It pleased your Lordshipps by an order of this honourable 
Board to admonish the Magistrates of the said Citty to for- 
beare to put any the lyke unnecessarie charges upon your 
Petitioner. 

Yet soe it is may it please your Lordshipps that the Magis- 
trates of the said Citty in centempt of your Lordshipps' order 
have since forced your Petitioner to pay new assesses by them 
made which your Petitioner (unwilling to have any new 
differences with the said Magistrates) was content to pay and 
forbeare complaynte there to your Lordshipps. 

Since which the said Magistrates (conceiveing causeles spleene 
against your Petitioner, who hath according to your Lord- 
shipps' admonicion endeavoured by all respective and good 
carriage to regaine theire love and good opinion) have resolved 
and prepared Materialls for erecting of a newe free Schoole 
in the said Citty and bringing in a Schoolemaster of theire 
owne on purpose by that meanes to impoverish your Petitioner, 
who was almost 30 yeares since drawne thither by them from 
a place of equall benefitt to your Petitioner, and hath since 
at his owne charge of 300K. and upwards reedified the same 
Schoole and made it capable of receiving many more Schollers 
then that Citty can afford and alsoe provided learned Ushers 
to his great cost to serve there. 

And all this contrarie to the will of the right reverend Bishopp 
of that Diocese and of the Deane and Chapter there [see L. 276, 
p. 144], by both whom they have beene denyed any appro- 
bacion thereof and alsoe without any just cause of excepcion 
to your Petitioner for his sufficiencie or diligence. 

Your LLordshipps humble Petitioner being thus still molested 
by them is enforced to renew his humble Complainte to your 
LLordshipps, humbly beseeching your LLordshipps to vouch- 
safe to take some such course with the Magistrates of the said 
Citty as in your honourable wisedomes shalbe thought fitt 
for stay of the erecting of any such new schoole there and for 
quietting your Petitioner from any farther trouble in the 
premises. [See Lloyd Parry, p. 42. J 



148 

L. 335. June 25, 1630 [with duplicate in L. 336]. The 
Lords of the Council have received a petition from William 
Ferryman [L. 334], the contents of which are recited. Theire 
Lordshipps upon consideration had thereof being satisfied 
as well of the abillities and well deservings of the petitioner 
and the sufficiencie of his Ushers and those under him as of the 
Capacitie and Comodiousnes of the said Schoole to receave 
many more Schollers that hetherto that Citty and the partea 
adioyning hath used to afforde, by Certificate from the late 
Bishopp, seconded and confirmed by the now Bishopp and 
the Deane and Chapter there signifieing likewise all their 
desires for the reasons contained in the said Certificate) that 
noe newe Schoole thould be there erected. And their Lord- 
shipps alsoe callinge to minde that uppon a former hearinge 
before this Board amongst some differences of like nature 
betweene the said Schoolemaster and the Cittie their intencion 
to erect a new Schoole (beinge then complained of) the Board 
did then declare to those who were there present as Agents 
for the said Citty that noe newe schoole should bee there 
erected without first acquaintinge the Board therewithall 
and Licence accordingly obteyned on that behalfe, doe therefore 
and in consideration of the premisses finde iust cause to reprove 
the disrespective carriage and proceedinge of the Mayor and 
Magistrates herein and doe nowe againe order and declare that 
they shall foorthwith uppon notice hereof desiste and forbeare 
to erecte any newe schoole within the said Cittie without 
the privitie and licence of the Board as they will answeare 
the contrarie. And whereas notwithstandinge the aforesaid 
Order of the 23rd of ffebruarie 1624 the Petitioner (who being 
a Schoolemaster is exempted by lawe from payinge of sub- 
sidies ffifteenes and other like charges) hath since byn charged 
with payment of the same. It is further thought fitt and 
ordered that the said Maior and Magistrates shall Cause repay- 
ment to be foorthwith made to the Petitioner of all such 
somes as have byn taken from him in that kinde since the 
date of the aforesaid order by such persons as in Contempt 
of the said order have enforced him to pay the same. And 
in case of their refusall that the said Maior and Magistrates 
be hereby authorized and required to binde everie such person 
over to appeare and answeare the same before this Board. [See 
Lloyd Parry, p. 43.] 

L. 345 endorsed " My instructions," Mich. 6 Cha., [Sept. 29, 
1630]. Instructions for drawing a petition to the Lords of the 
Privy Council or to the King (if occasion shall be) " as well 
in answeare of divers untrue informacions made against the 
Maior, Aldermen and Magistrates of the Cittie of Exeter by 
William Ferryman, the late Schoolemaister there, as for the 
obteyninge of a confirmacion of the ffree Gramer Schoole 
latelie founded within the said Cittie. 

Ffirst the Magistrates of Exeter doe in all humilitie answear 
and saye that they have not done anythinge of their knowledges 



149 

in erectinge a schoole within the said Cittie contrarie to 
any order of the Lords of his Majesty's privie Counsell, neither 
did they ever heare of any declaracion or restriccion made 
by their Honnours for erectinge any schoole within the said 
Cittie before the order of the xxvth daye of June last 
(LL. 335, 336) before which time there was a ffree Schoole 
founded within the said Cittie by the charitable and liberall 
bequests and contribucions of divers worthie persons deceased 
and livinge amountinge to the some of 1,000ft. or thereabout 
and materialls are provided for the perfectinge of the same 
wherein if they shall be restrayned most parte of those guifts 
wilbee lost. 

Mr. Ferryman was not in truth Schoolmaister of the High 
Schoole in Exeter at the time of exhibitinge this last Petition, 
neither doth he intermedle with the Schollers there, but hath 
farmed out the same att a yerelie Rent. 

And whereas he informeth that he hath byn mforced by 
the Magistrates of the said Cittie to paye divers newe assess- 
ments in contempte of an order of the Boarde and contrarie 
to the opinion of the Judges &c., they confidently affirm that 
Ferryman " hath not been assessed to any rate whatever " 
except for the poor, which he had always readily paid. When 
asked what assessments he referred to in his last petition, 
he said that he had paid 8s. for a subsidy. " That of the 
pour he wayed not, but expected his 8s. againe." 

The Assent of the Lord Bishopp hath byn often desired to 
confirme this pious worke though not obteyned by the opposi- 
tion of the Deane and Chapter of Exeter as is supposed and as 
some of them have openlie manifested, which is for their 
owne ends. 

1. Because they have a speciall interest in Perriman's 
Schoole it being built on their lands or apperteyninge 
to the Archdeacon of Exon one of their companie and 
have vli. rent yerelie out of the same. 

2. The Deane and Chapter have used heretofore to con- 
tribute xx&. or xlK. per annum to the Schoolemaister, 
but Mr. Perriman trusteth rather to the benevolences 
of the Schollers, that pencion is saved to them. 

Reasons to prove that the erectinge of another Schoole 
within the Cittie of Exeter is of great Consequence and necessitie 
to the Cittie and Cittizens. 

1. That the Cittie and Countie of Exeter is spacious and 
populous, consistinge of 19 severall parishes besides 
the Cathedrall Church with the precincts thereof, and 
that there are 200 schollers and more in the present 
schoole, which one Schoolmaister and two Ushers 
cannot attend without neglect to manie of them. 

2. The payments and exactions of this Schoole (besides 
other great abuses) are of late growne great and charge- 
able, and whereas in times past a scholler paid onlie 
ijs. a quarter and never above xs. a yere before 



150 

Ferryman's time, Ferryman hath used to take xx5. a 
yere and more for one scholler and his ushers 85., 105. 
or 12s. and more for the same person. 

3. That for the causes aforesaid divers Gent and others 
residinge neare the said Cittie (who in times past have 
sent their children to schoole to this Cittie to the greate 
benefitt of divers of the inhabitants here) and verie 
manic of the Cittizens alsoe, doe send their children 
to forraine places to their greate coste and greater 
discomfort. 

4. It hath byn often and earnestlie desired by most of 
the cheifest Cittizens and inhabitants to have another 
schoole there, att whose instances and importunities 
all freindlie meanes have byn used to the two last 
Bishopps to give waye to the same, but it could not 
bee gotten of them. 

5. It is no newe thinge to have two Schoolemaisters in 
this Cittie to teach the lattyn tounge (as there are 
in divers places of lesse emenencye). And there have 
byn often two severall Teachers of the lattyn tounge 
in the Cittie of Exeter att one and the same tyme. 
[the names of 4 pair are given, as also in the endorse- 
ment to L. 346]. 

6. As it is a thinge memorable soe it was conceived lawfull 
for any man to erecte a ffree schoole, and there beinge 
not any ffree schoole in the Cittie of Exeter, it mooved 
the hearts of divers worthie members of that place 
to initiate soe necessarie and pious a worke, which 
is with most heartie affeccions desired to be confirmed 
and established without the least thought to preiudice 
thother Schoole, . . . ffree Schoole hav[inge] soe 
liberall a foundation ; It is not doubted but it will 
verie shortelie have a more bountifull endowment. 
Thos. Flaye, Maoir ; Ri. Waltham, Recorder ; Adam 
Bennett, Sheriff, and 11 others, including Ignatius 
Jurdain, Thomas Crossinge, Walter Borough and John 
Acland (Aldermen). [For summary of this and the 
following documents, see Lloyd Parry, pp. 44-54.] 

L. 346 (undated). Reasons for the conveniencie and 
necessitie of Two severall Schooles in the Cittie of Exon. 

1. That the present Schoole doth not Contayne all the 
Schollers that come thither (yet divers others are 
sent to forraine places) and howe one maister and Two 
ushers can expedite soe manye Schollers as they doe 
enterteyne, is worthie of due consideration. And for 
soe many to meete togeather in one litle roome cannot 
but bee dangerous for infeccions &c. 

2. That the Cittie of Exon is the cheife place of these 
westerne partes where many Gent doe often meete 
and therefore would rather send their Children thither 



151 

than to other places, if there were another Schoole 
fitt to enterteyne them, which would bee beneficiall 
for Cittie and Countrie. 

3. That there is not the like precident, that in a Cittie 
and Countie (of good esteeme in time past) there should 
not bee one free Schoole in it, though in other places 
of lesse extent, not farr distant, there are two ffree 
Schooles, besides other teachers. And that such a 
multitude of people should bee tyed to the humours 
of one Teacher (bee of good or evill condicion) would 
bee displeasinge to any man, whose Childe should 
suffer iniurie. 

4. There have often heretofore byn Two severall publicke 
teachers or more, of the lattyn toungue in the said 
Cittie at one and the same time and that manie yeres 
since, when as one Schoole was more competent for 
the Schollers then Two are nowe, and Two Schooles 
would breed a profitable emulacion in maisters to 
deserve best &c., Whereas Nowe a Scholler cannot bee 
prepared for the Universitie within Tenne or Twelve 
yeres. 

6. That there is no ffree Schoole within the said Cittie 
and Countie though fitt for Two consistinge of 19 
severall parishes besides the Cathedrall Church and 
the precincts thereof and divers other greate parishes 
neare adioyninge. And this intended Schoole is to 
bee a free Schoole with liberall indowment for a maister 
and usher, besides it is appointed as parte of an Hospitall 
latelie founded within that Cittie, and wilbee a speciall 
lymbe and ornament to the same. 

6. That the present schoole is erected on the lands of 
the Deane and Chapter of Exon, who have heretofore 
paid an Annual pencion to the Schoolmaister of the 
' high schoole, and then the Cittizens paid litle for 
teachinge of their children, but of late there are such 
greate payments and exaccions demaunded and suffered 
(Three times more then hath byn in the memorie of 
man) that the pencion is saved and the Schoole is 
farmed out att an annuall rent. Thos. Maye, Maior ; 
Ri. Waltham, Recorder ; Ig. Jurdain, Thos. Crossinge, 
Jno. Acland and Walter Borough, Aldermen, and 2 
others, only one of whom (viz. Gilbert Sweete) is among 
the signatories in L. 345. 

L. 347 (undated). Headed " The Aunsweares to the 
Opponents reasons against the free Schoole," [in Izacke's 
handwriting]. 

1. To the ffirst no such priviledge is acknowledged, And 
as for the instrument specified in this Article it is not 
knowne what warrant it hath neither is it materiall 
to the matter nowe in question. And as for the 



152 

licence given by Bishop Oldon [i.e. Hugh Oldham, as 
there is a side-note " 1503-1519 "] to Mr. Davids, if 
such power might bee given to one man (which may 
bee allowed att pleasure) he must bee inabled to teach 
1,000 schollars and more within that Circuit att this 
time, for ffower schooles att this time are not more 
competent for the schollers then one Schoole was in 
those dayes. And that inhibicion therein mencioned 
was intended for licensed Schooles in his owne time 
onlie, and not to any free Schoole. 

2. It wilbee proved by persons of worth and creditt 
nowe livinge, that for 50 yeres since and more there 
have byn severall publicke teachers of the lattyn 
tounge within the Cittie of Exon at one and the same 
time and soe there hath byn verie often since, all 
licensed as its conceived, for Otherwise they should 
have byn inhibited or suppressed. 

3. ffor the capacitie of the present Schoole the contestacion 
is not about the fairnes of the fabrike but the Con- 
veniencie or Comodiousnes for the education of children, 
and it is manifest that the same doth not conteyne 
all the Schollers that come thither, for divers of them 
are taughte in another roome, neither is the same 
inlarged by the newe buildinge thereof from what it 
was formerlie but rather lessened, for it is cast in the 
same mould, and whereas before it was a ground roome, 
and nowe an upper, the staires and Portall doth take 
away much of the largenes thereof. And for the 
maisters charges in reedifyinge thereof, its thought 
that his receipts did exceed his disbursements, by 
liberal! contribucions &c. And the maister of the 
Schoole (in whose name the Peticion is exhibited) never 
tooke any degree in any Universitie. 

4. This is a matter casuall, which to Schooles of such 
greate resorte may bee common, and most of this 
Cittie doe repaire to Exeter Colledge, and yet there 
are not halfe soe manie more of this Schoole that are 
fellowes of all the Colledges of both the universities, 
neither can the opponents vouch another such president 
as either of these in all their memories. 

5. When Two Schooles shalbee licensed in one Cittie 
there wilbee the better disciplyne in either, for the 
Maisters will strive to deserve best and civill emulacion 
betweene Schollers is accompted a readie waye for 
increase in learninge, nor can there bee any mutinous 
or rebellious faction amonge men by having Two 
Schooles in a well governed Cittie, manie Citties and 
Townes have Two publi ke Gramar Schooles besides others 
allowed to teach there alsoe, and yet finde no such incon- 
veniences neither can parentes bee so scard by the oppo- 
nents over vigilancie which is for their owne ends onlie. 



153 

6. The intended ffree Schoole is parte of an Hospitall 
latelie founded within the said Cittie, a place most 
fitt for such a purpose and for aire, scituacion and 
spaciousnes, it farr exceedeth the present Schoole 
and is a good space distant. 

7. The Guifts to the Schoole amount to 1,000?. and 
upwards, and for the donors legacies mencioned in 
this Article (which is not the 4th part thereof) the 
will and the deede will put an end to that particular, 
which cannot be altered, and if it could, yet all the rest 
of the guifts wilbee absolutelie lost, as wilbee mani- 
fested. 

8. In excuse of uniust exaccions the maister would 
iustefie himself in that he is charged withall, that 
Schollars pay at least Twentie shillings a yere to the 
maister and some much more, besides vis., viiid. (sic), 
xs. or more to the ushers, for one boyes schoolinge, 
wilbee proved and xxs. (sic) is the ordinarie salarie to 
the Maister besides ushers and gratuities &c. 

9. The Chapter Clarke came to the Maior of the Cittie 
in (sic) the Deane and Chapter onlie to have a meetinge, 
which message beinge brought but the Munday in 
the afternoone, the Tuesday morninge the Maior 
treated with soe manie of the brethren as he could 
then gett togeather, and presentlie gave order to 
returne a milde and freindlie answeare by Two of the 
officers of the said Cittie, which hath not received a 
righte interpretacion. 

10. Lastlie for the proposicion of electinge a maister 
of the Schoole &c., or endowinge of theirs (sic) is alto- 
geather unreasonable that persons should have voices 
that are not contributors (or that have withdrawne 
xxZ. a yere from their owne,) neither can it bee con- 
discended unto, beinge directlie against the will of the 
donors, for their desires were, and are, that there should 
bee Two Schooles in that Cittie, as there have byn 
often heretofore, there being a competent number of 
Schollers for both : And this, a ffree Schoole, with 
liberall endowment which must bee erected on ffee 
simple land, and not on the Deane and Chapters, 
which can have but shorte limitacions and therefore 
a verie needlesse article. Thomas Flaye, Maior ; 
R. Waltham, Recorder, and 5 Aldermen (as hi L. 
346, but the additional name, Gilbert Sweete, is 
erased). 

L. 348 (undated). An Answeare to the foregoinge Allegations 
and proposicions. 

1. The ffirst reason is graunted that the maister of the 
Deane and Chapters Schoole is called Magister Scholarum, 
nay more, Magister altarum Scholarum, and that Bishopp 



154 

Olden to gratifie the said Chapter and Thomas Davids, 
the maister, inhibited all others besides him to teach 
Gramer publicklie in Exeter or in 7 myles compas 
which Injunction (for Pattent it cannot bee called) 
was iniurious to all the cittizens and onlie temporarie 
duringe the said Bishop's life, for he was but dominus 
et diocesanus p. tempore, nor could any acte of his 
binde his successors, but it was arbitrary for them 
to alter it at their pleasures, as divers did in their 
generations, which if it were fitt att that time in such 
paucitie of Inhabitants, is in these dayes most unfitt 
when the multitude of Cittizens is doubled or trebled. 

2. The seconde is utterlie untrue, for sundrie others 
(besides the maister of the high schoole) have byn 
licensed or permitted to teach Gramar in Exeter in 
men's memorie, which were not inhibited by the Bishop 
or his Chauncellor, as Mr. Holmes Pasemore and manie 
moe, and Mr. Spicer, taught publicklie by Bishop 
Cotton's approbation and authoritie both within the 
Cittie and afterwards in the suburbs, nor did Bishop 
Carie att his cominge inhibit him, but when he died 
the said Bishop would not att the instance of the Maior, 
Magistrates and Commons permitt any other to teach 
there. 

3. The thirde is partelie false, for the schoole no we reedified 
is not longer or larger then it was before, but cast in 
the selfe same mould," and more as in L. 347, 3, 
ending : " Nor is the sufficiencie or Industrie of the 
present maister or ushers questioned, but the im- 
possibilitie of soe fewe to educate soe manie as well 
as they should bee. 

4. The fourth is comon to all Schooles, both publicke and 
private in this Kingdome and all other Countries, for 
divers famous schollars spring upp in all places, but 
they have onlie the grounds of Gramar from such 
Schooles and improve their learninge in severall sciences 
and professions by their future industrie in universities 
or elsewhere. 

5. As in L. 347, 5, adding : " Bristowe, Salisbury, 
Gloucester, Plymouth and divers other places have 
Two publicke ffree Gramer Schooles besides others alsoe 
allowed to teach, yet finde no such inconveniences as 
are pretended but great benefitt to [blank] and their 
children, nor can the parents here bee scard with 
panic terrors of wronginge their children, who finde it 
so behovfull as in other places. The Legacies given 
to this worke are primarilie and principallie devoted 
and destinated to a ffree Schoole (though perhaps 
secondarilie to other uses). To the excuse of extorted 
ffees, it is not said that no schollers are enterteyned 
under xls. yerelie, but that they pay at least xxs. to 



155 

the maister, and some much more, besides vj$., viiis., 
xs. or more to the Two ushers, or else they shalbee 
sleighted : touchinge the motion of endowinge the 
deane and Chapter's Schoole it is most unreasonable 
and unfeasible for sith they have withdrawne the 
stipend or pencion of xxli. yerelie ancientlie due or 
given to the maister for teachinge the poorer sorte 
gratis what reason have the Cittizens to conferr their 
revenues on their Schoole when they intend to erect 
a new (sic) of their owne, and their cheife ends and 
desires tendinge to have Two Schools, because one is 
not enough for that place in this populous Age. Nor 
can these possiblie condiscend to it, if they were so 
simple to doe it, because a nree Schoole must be founded 
uppon firee fee simple land and not on others Tenants, 
but the deane and Chapter cannot graunt the fee of 
their Schoole : for the overture of a conference Virgil's 
Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes might well deterr the 
Maior and magistrates from acceptinge it, and they 
did wiselie to refuse it, for the deane and Chapter 
preferred it for their owne advantage either to gaine 
time by pretendinge to the Lords that they were uppon 
Termes of Treatie, or to entrap them otherwise, but 
sithence the Lords had taken the cause into their 
consideracion, the Cittizens had no reason to prevent 
their determinacion. 

Lastlie, for the proposicion of electing the maister for 
the Chimserian free Schoole to be erected on the 
Chapter's land and endowed with the Cittizens largesses 
by the Deane and Eight Cannons on the one parte and 
the Maior and 8 Aldermen on the other, constitutinge 
the Bishop for the time beinge for Umpier in case of 
equalitie of suffrages, it is a meer moustrap for the 
Chapter will alwayes agree in their voices hi one, so 
that if the Cittizens dislike or dissent, the Bishop to 
please his brethren will adhere to the Canons and 
sticke to their choice, so that the Maior and Magistrates 
wilbee but Cyphers or Stales in the eleccion. But 
admitt the pretended priviledge that none besides 
the maister of their Schoole shalbee licensed to teche 
within 7 myles circuit of this Cittie to be ratified by 
royall patent or Acte of Parliament, which yet is 
nothinge soe nor so, but onlie by Episcopall Iniunction 
longe since out of date att Bishop Olden's death. Yet 
could it onlie bar the Bishop from licensinge men 
arbitrarilie to teach there, but cannot stopp benefactors 
from buildinge a ffree schoole especiallie in an Hospitall 
as a [blank] which is warranted and allowed by the 
Statute of pious uses, so that the Cittie might have 
proceeded by vertue thereof in their worke notwith- 
standinge the [unfinished and unsigned. It is 



156 

probably a draft by Dr. Vilvain, out of which L. 347 
is constructed]. 

L. 349. Notes taken about Peryman petition and order, 
1630. 

That Peryman was not Schoolemaster att the time of 
exhibitinge this petition, but hath farmed out the 
same. 

The Schollers. Perryman lefte the Schoole to Haytor, 
and declares the same openlie to the Schollers in the 
Schoole, and Haytor told the Schollers he had taken 
uppon him the charge of the Schoole. 

Mr. Robte. Walker. Haytor hath confessed he hath 
taken the Schoole for a Rente during the life of 
Perryman and beinge advised he should be wane what 
he did, for that the freeschoole would goe on, the said 
Haytor replied that if the nreeschoole went on he 
should be abated of the Rente, or words to that effecte. 

Mr. Penny. Haytor at another time confessed he had 
taken the Schoole, and there beinge Speech made that 
there was a newe Schoole to be erected, the said Haytor 
answeared it was all one to him whither there were 
or not. 

2. Perryman hath not byn assessed to subsidies or 
ffifteenthes since notice of the order of 1624, or to 
any charge whatsoever, by the Magistrates, but onlye 
to the poore in regard of his personall estate, which 
is greate and hath noe charge. 

3. That there was a ffree schoole founded within the 
Cittie before notice of this last order by the charitable 
bequestes of divers persons deceased and livinge, the 
greatest parte whereof wilbe loste if this shoud not 
goe on. And the Maior and Aldermen never under- 
stood of any restrainte made of such a pious worke &c. 
This is to be proved by the deede, the willes and the 
notes subscribed. 

4. That there have byn often heretofore 2 severall Schooles 
within the said Cittie attone and the same time, which 
wilbe proved by divers in the tymes of those who used 
the same. [8 names of Schoolmasters follow, as in 
L. 345, 346.] 

5. Ferryman's exactions and other ill carriage to be 
particularlie remembered. 

Mr. Recorder paid but 4s. a yere, xijrf. a quarter, after- 
wards viijs., and never above xs. before Perryman 
and he taketh xxs. of a Scholler besides his ushers 
iiijs. v. or vis. of the same person. 

That the newe buildinge of the Schoole would have byn 
rather advantageous to hym then chargeable by the 
liberall contribucions of divers Gent of this Cittie 
and the Countie of Devon had he taken that care which 
he ought, and it is conceived that there are monies 



157 

remaininge yet in his hands out of those benevolenges 
if a true Accompte were given of the same, and if any 
losse be it is by his owne neglecte. 

That the Deane and Chapter doe clayme a particular 
interest in Ferryman's Schoole as beinge builte on 
their land or as belonginge to the Archdeacon of Exeter, 
and that they have used to contribute 201. or 40Z. a 
yere to the Schoole maister. Ferryman confessed 
soe much to Mr. Aclande and Mr. Hakewell. Cannon 
Helliar, reported that Ferryman had rather trust to 
the benevolence of his Schollers then to his pencion. 

Ferryman sought the place and was not drawne hither 
by anie one, neither is it likelie that any other place 
he had byn formerlie in (though in divers) was of equall 
profitt to this, where he hath gotten a verie great 
estate, beinge but meane att his coming hither. 

That he hath here 200 Schollers and more ; by the multi- 
tude of them, not onlye the Gent neere the said Cittie 
doe forebeare to send their Children hither, but divers 
of the Cittie are enforced to send their Children into 
other places. 

That in regarde thereof there have byn often suites made 
by the Comons of this Cittie for another Schoole, which 
could not be obteyned, which caused this foundation 
to be made according to the order of lawe. 

The document, which is unsigned, is addressed " To his 
lovinge neighbour Mr. Samuel Isacke,* deliver these." " I 
pray peruse these and retorne them from Sidbury seald upp." 
They appear to be notes by Dr. Vilvain, on which L. 345 is based. 

L. 340. Exeter, Oct. 25, 1630. I, Robert Vilvain, Doctor 
in Phisick [see L. 172, page 100], born in the City of Exeter, 
doo testify upon my knowledg that the Grammar School here 
commonly cald the High Schoolf (where I had my first Literary 
education) hath no Lands nor Revenues to maintain a Master 
or Usher but am credibly informed, that the Dean and 
Chapter of the Cathedral Church here, by a public Injunction 
of K. Edward 6th, did allow an annual Pension of 2Qli. to 
the School master, and afterwards withdrew it, leaving him 
free (without a Free School) to take what fees he could procure 
from al the Scholars ; and imposed 5li. yearly Rent on him 
and his successors to be paid to the said Chapter for ever, 
becaus that School (with the house and Gardens appending) 
is founded on their Land, and the Nomination of the School- 
master appropriated to the Archdeacon of Exeter. 

That in the time of my training up there, Mr. Drayton, the 
Schoolmaster, required and received of the meaner sort only 
65. 8d. yeerly, of most part 8s., and of the ablest 10s. at most, 
but since his decease Mr. Peryman, the late master (who 

* He was Town Clerk from May 4, 1624, till his deprivation in 1647. 

t For " the High School near the little conduit in the High Street built 
cieled and seated 1561, by a common contribution at the request of 
Mr. Williams the Schoolmaster " see Izacke, 129. 



158 

hath lift of teaching, and farmed the execution of his office 
to Mr. Haytor, sometime Usher, joined with him in Patent), 
hath excessively inhansed the stipends, exacting and taking 
of every one 20s. yerely at least, beside what they give 
(som 65., som 8s., som 10s., som 12s.) to the two Ushers for 
their better diligence and attendance ; which is more then was 
paid among al in my time of Schooling. 

That one Grammar School is not sufficient in this Populous 
place, being the Center of our whole County, but another 
Teacher was alwais permitted by the Bishop from time to 
time til one Mr. Spicer's death, who kept School (in the Suburbs) 
about 5 or 6 yeres ago (see L. 281, page 145) ; since which 
time the Maior, Magistrats and Commons of this City have 
bin ernest suitors to the two last Bishops, for licencing another 
to teach Grammar here, but could not obtain it, though 
Plimouth, a sea-town of much less extent and resort, hath 
two public Grammar Schooles in it, and divers others in this 
shire and elsewhere one Free School at least. 

That there are in the said High School above 200 Schollars 
&c. [as in L. 349, ad finem], adding ; but if a Free School 
were once erected, besides the general good, which would 
redound to Poor men's Children and others, it wil breed a 
great emulation betwene the schoolmasters to deserve best, 
and tend greatly to the speedier education of the Scholars, 
in which respects I laboured long, and stirred up som pious 
Benefactors to further so necessary a work, which was in a 
fair forwardnes, had it not bin retarded by the cross-opposition 
of som malevolent Planets, who for their owne privat ends 
seek by misinformations to blast the good intentions of others, 
and to support their own unjust Monopoly, whereof this 
Kingdom cannot afford the like precedent. 

Al which I am and wilbe ready to justify, still submitting 
my judgment in al things to our Superiors. Ita tester ego, 
Rob. Vilvain, M.D. 

Among the Collection of Letters are two documents unnum- 
bered and not included in S. Moore's Calendar. The second 
is a duplicate of the first, and both contain a summary of 
the case. 

(1) is headed: " Att the Councell Board, William Perryman, 
late Schoolmaister of the High Schoole, in Exeter, 
against The Maior and Magistrates of the said Cittie 
for erectinge a ffree Schoole there." It is endorsed : 

" A Memoriall for Mr. Attorney for Exeter Schoole." [See 
Lloyd Parry, p. 43.] 

(2) has the same heading and contents, but is endorsed : 
" Breviat for Exeter Schoole ffor Mr. Noy." 

Also Memorandum att the hearinge of this cause att the 
Board before the Lords about the Schooles a licence 
shewed under scale (which was there readd by Mr. Noy) 
whereby John Archbishop of Cant, (sede vacant'} did 
grant a licence to Mr. Thomas Passemore Arbium Bacc 



159 

to teach the lattyn tongue infra Civit' Exon &c. And a 
restraynt for all others (quodam Drayton adtunc Pedi. 
vet. Schole except.) being dated 1594, but the saidliceince 
was lost there in the Counsell Chamber and could not 
be found again or gotten though I used all possible 
meanes &c. Teste me S. Izacke ex cVico civit. Exon 
et adtunc cause pde. ibm. 

In L. 341, Nov. 6, 1630, the Mayor, Bailiffs and Common- 
altie of the City of Exeter petition the Lords of the Privy 
Council against Mr. Ferryman denying his allegations and 
setting forward the various statements in L. 340 and L. 345. 

L. 342 (undated) is a rough draft for L. 341. 

In L. 343 (undated) is a draft for a petition from the Mayor, 
Bailiffs and Commonaltie to the Lords of the Privy Council 
to be heard on the same matter. 

In L. 344, Nov. 26, 1630, is an Order in Council appointing 
ye second Wednesday in ye next Terme (being Hilarie Terme) 
" for the hearing of the Free School business." [For a testi- 
monial (Jan. 3, 1631) from the Rector of Exeter College at 
Oxford in favour of Mr. Peryman and Mr. Hayter as teachers 
of the High School, see Col. Dom., 1629-1631, p. 473.] 

In Book 53, ff. 176-179, are statutes and ordinances made 
by the Mayor and ffower and Twenty of the Comon Counsell 
of the City of Exeter, governors of the Free Gramar Schoole 
within the said City, founded by the Citizens of the said City, 
August, 1633. [For text see Lloyd Parry, pp. 104-112. It is 
called " The Free School within the East Gate " in Izacke, 
p. 153, where the Schoolmaster is allowed a dwelling-house 
adjoining the School with a yearly pension of 301. and 101. 
more for an usher.] 

In D. 1743, Aug. 1627, is a reference to a 99 years' lease 
granted by Humphrey Carew and his son Peter to the Chamber 
on Nov. 24, 1592, of " all that greate house and the lofte and 
higher house and rome over the same which sometime was 
the bodie or lower parte of the church comonlie called or 
knowne by the name of St. John's Church, untill the wall 
where the tower of the same church sometimes was ; and also 
the higher roome and lofte over the lower parte of the same 
tower scituatt lying and being within the East gate of the 
said Cittie and also all that house and roome that sometimes 
was the Chauncell of the said Church." The deed assigns 
this lease in Aug., 1627, to Thomas Crossinge and others, but 
it is supposed not to have been executed. 

In L. 368, April 30, 1635, the Lords of the Council write 
to the Overseers and Feoffees of the legacies left by George 
Jordayne and Elizabeth his wife in answer to a petition 
concerning two sums of 40J. and 5002. left by them to be 



160 

applied to pious uses. Taking knowledge of an hospitall 
begunne to be founded there for the Releefe and Edu- 
cation of poore Children, Orphans and others untill they 
bee of age fitt to be bound Apprentices, which good and 
pious work for want of sufficient meanes is not yet perfected, 
They recommend that these legacies shall be applyed to the 
perfecting and maintenance of the said Hospitall. [See Report 
on Char., 54 ; Lloyd Parry, p. 67.] 

In D. 1754a, Jan. 10, 1637, is an agreement between the 
Trustees of Elizabeth Jurdaine and the Mayor &c. in con- 
sideration of 500Z. left by the will of the said Elizabeth toward 
the founding of a Free English School in Exeter, to found 
and erect a School and receive not less than 50 children, the 
particulars of which are specified. [See Lloyd Parry, p. 70.] 

In 1637 Peter Hellyar was elected Schoolmaster of the 
English Free School within St. John's Hospital. [Izacke, 155; 
Lloyd Parry, p. 73.] 

In Transcripts, 2090, June 2, 1637, a decent School house 
has been made and re-edified in a part of St. John's Hospital 
which was anciently the body or lower part of the said hospital 
church and a free Grammar School therein already settled, 
and that 500Z. given by Elizabeth Jourdaine, widow (see D. 
1754a), has been hereby applied for the maintenance of a 
free English School in the higher part or decayed chancel 
of the said Church for the better preparing the children of the 
said hospital and others for the Grammar School and other 
fit professions. [Report on Charities, p. 6 ; Lloyd Parry, pp. 
70, 115-126.] 

In D. 1753 (? June 20, 1637), Dr. Robert Vilvain (p. 157) 
grants two tenements in Paris Street, St. Sidwells, in 
trust for the new Free School of Exeter, dated 1632 (?) in 
Stuart Moore's Calendar, but probably the same as the 
document dated June 20, 1637, in Report on Charities, p. 14, 
which however refers to 4 tenements in Paris Street. 

In L. 270, Exeter, June 15, 1624,* Dr. Robert Vilvain writes 
to the Mayor : Right Worshipfull, You convented me hereto- 
fore about a Rate to the Poor of St. John's, and I rendered 
reasons of refusal, because our Parish being oppressed with multi- 
tudes wee conjoined two Rates together (our own and St. Sidwils) 
at Mr. Recorder's request, upon promise wee should be freed 
elswhere. For my particular tis wel known I pay to two other 
places in the Country where most of my poor estate lyes, 
and am set to Armour, Powder, fees for martial officers, 

* In 18C8 the Commissioner who visited the Grammar School reported 
that " the School-room forms part of the nave of the Church belonging to 
the old dissolved Hospital of St. John, the east end of which is still used for 
service. It runs parallel with and against the High Street." Report of the 
Schools Enquiry Commission, vol. xiv.,p. 299. The buildings have since been 
demolished, 



161 

Poor, Churches and sundry other taxes and am endebted in 
this City above 500Z. upon Interest ; yet doo freely give 
I2d. weekly to two poor families here, which els would fall 
into penury. Al which considered there is little cause to hoist 
mee so high to all payments, who (besides my house) have 
litle here. I wil not allege redarguent reasons, that a Rate 
to the Poor is no competent Rule for Powder, both because 
it is uncertain, for that rate may far transcend the Provision 
(as tis conceived) and also unequal, becaus some are set up 
too high, and others too low, by fear or favour. Enimies to 
Equity : therefore in most men's Judgments it were fitter 
that the charge should be first cast up, and every man taxed 
proportionably according to his ability (for so it is in al other 
places), upon a just Accompt publickly rendered and registred, 
for the general satisfaction of the Commons, which defect make 
many murmur at this day about the Collection for Holoway, 
upon supposal that the Overseers did not disburse above 
half the Contribution, wherein I had som share, yet doe profes 
myself in this but an Eccho of the Multitude, which are much 
aggrieved. The matter which sticketh most in my stomack 
is that Dr. Goche,* who hath no charge of children and gaineth 
excessively both by his Places here, and practise above (a 
man mighty in Authority, high in dignity, rich in Revennue), 
should bee so long excepted from al payments whatsoever, 
confronting the City and daring you to doo your worst, with 
haughty menaces. That he wil try the power of your Charter 
and privilege of his person, who can claim none but only for 
his Headship in Cambridg, not for his Office, Lands, Lordships, 
Leases, or other estate in the Common Wilth. Mr. Gary like- 
wise payeth nothing to Poor or els, pretending, perhaps, 
that he is rated in the Country, which is rightly my case and 
may serve for a just Apology (who pay 12d. weekly by rate, 
and I2d. voluntarily besides al imposition to Arms, Powder 
&c. in the Country), yet if those men being far my Betters in 
estate may be made Patterns or Precedents to these payments, 
I wil follow their stepps with alacrity, els it wilbee an insuffer- 
able scandal or eysore to mee and others, who are every way 
as free both in birth, body, mind and spirit as they or any 
other of higher quality : therefore my humble request is, that 
you wil deale indifferently and impartialy with mee and the 
shewing no harder measure to mee then to them, and so doo 
take leave. Your worships to bee commanded, 

Robert Vilvane. 
(See L. 281, p. 144.) 

In D. 1770, Oct. 5, 1658, the Church of St. Mary Steps is to 
be used for a public free school after the union of the Churches 
of St. Mary Steps and St. Edmunds on the Bridge, under the 
Act of Sept. 17, 1656. [See Freeman, p. 207.] 



* Or Goach ; aee L. 281, p. 145. 
Wt. 20757. Ex 11 



162 

In L. 416, Oct. 26, 1658, is a copy of the will of John 
Moungwell, the elder, of Exeter, stationer, and son of the Minister 
of Dunchideock, where he is buried [Report on Charities, 
p. 23], by which he bequeaths a rentcharge of 51. p. a. to find 
Bibles for the poor scholars of St. John's Hospital in Exeter. 
By a codicil dated May 20, 1661, the said Bibles are to be 
bought at the shop of Abisha Brocas in Exeter, who is one 
of the witnesses of the original will. The will was proved 
July 25, 1662. A note at the end states that the testator's 
great grandchild, Mrs. Martha Bond, finding that no mention 
is made of the donation in the " The Memoirs of Exeter " 
[? Izack's Catalogue of Benefactions, Book ], desires to see 
it punctually performed. 

In D. 509, Nov. 17, 1669, Christopher Lethbridge leaves 
money for the maintenance of one or more poor Boy or Boyes 
in St. John's Hospitall, and in D. 370, Oct. 20, 1671, his son- 
in-law, William Trevill, arranges to carry out this provision 
of Lethbridge's will [see Report on Charities, 41, 196]. 

In D. 1784a, Jan. 10, 1691, John Bidgood, Doctor of Physic, 
leaves 600Z. for the maintenance of 3 poor boys as above. 
[See also D. 1803a, and Report on Charities, p. 42.] For 100Z. 
left for a similar purpose by John Tucker, merchant, in 1695, 
see Izacke, p. 190 ; also 505. p.a. left by John Lethbridge, 
Merchant, Feb. 3, 1702, see Izacke, 192 ; Report on Charities, 
pp. 83, 203. 

Customs as to Land Tenure. 

L. 237. Poderidge,* Aug. 5, 1622. Sir Thomas Monck 
[father of General Monck, see Comm. CIX, page 13], writes 
to the Mayor: "Mr. Maior, There is a sute depending in 
Chancery betweene mee, my wife and Sir Nicholas Smith, 
and I thinke it is not unknowne unto you and many other 
of Excetter, that Sir George Smith in his lief tyme marryed 
all his children, and did by severall speciall covenands from 
them all (except myself and my weif) barr them, that they 
should not Clayme and Challenge any parte of his personall 
estate after his death ; but should take their severall porcions in 
marriage for a full advancement and satisfaccion of the parte 
of his said personall estate which might otherwise accrewe 
unto them by the Custome of your Cittie, had not hee soe barred 
them, by which meanes they weare all utterlye excluded from 
any title there unto (excepting myself and my wief) which 
ware both left free, not beeing barred as the rest weare, and the 
better to inable mee to take the benifitt of the said Custome, 
Sir George procured mee to be a ffreeman of your Cittie, 
wherby I hope the rather to have my marriage porcion of 
goods to bee made upp a full parte of the personall estate of 
my ffather in la we due to mee by the Custome of Excetter." 

* t.e. Potheridge, near Torrington, 



163 

He adds : "I have entreated the Right Honourable the Lord 
Keeper to desire you, and the rest, to inspect your Charters 
and records and explanacions of them, which I have heard 
you have receaved from the Cittye of London, by especiall 
appoyntement of your predecessors and to shew the same 
att the tyme when the Commissioners shall sitt, to the end 
that the manifest truth maye appere of this pointe of the 
Custome concerning the disposing of the personall estate of a 
ffreeman, which I ame informed is conceived and ought to bee 
according to the Custome of London, in all points." Beseech- 
ing the Almightie to guide you in all your Counsells, and 
endeavours, that your Cittie maye ever prosper, of which 
myself being (through your flavours) a member, shall accompt 
it great Contentement that you would ye pleased to continew 
mee in your good opynions and deeme mee, 

Your obliged ffreind to Commande, 

Tho. Monck. 

In D. 1738, July 10, 1620, is a writ from the Court of Chancery 
to produce the Custome Bookes and Recordes of and remayninge 
within the City of Exeter in a suit. . . . (female) v. Nicholas 
Smyth, knight, to show the usage and custom of the City 
respecting the descent of land. 

In D. 1629, Aug. 20, 1585, is a reversionary lease from the 
Mayor &c. of the Manor house of Aulscomb [i.e. Awliscombe, 
see page 14] to George Smith, Citizen and Merchant of Exeter 
[he was Mayor in 1586, 1597, 1607], terminable on the lives 
of (blank) sons the said George and Elizabeth his daughter. 

In D. 384, June 20, 1587, George Smith, of Exeter, gentle- 
man, purchases a house in St. Paul's Street and a close of 
meadow containing 3 acres in St. David's Downe next 
Northinghaie. 

In D. 1644, Sept. 6, 1587, is a lease from the Mayor &c. to 
George Smyth, of Exeter, gentleman, of a close near Tadiford 
Bridge, terminable in the lives of Thomas, Nicholas and 
Elizabeth, children of the said George, signed " per me, George 
Smythe." 

In D. 123a, Sept. 18, 1587, is a lease from the Magdalen 
Hospital to George Smythe, gentleman, of a tenement and 
garden in Magdalen Street and an " orcharde and hoppeyarde " 
adjoining thereto. Signed " per me, George Smythe." 

In D. 387, March 26, 1596, he grants a lease of the pasture 
and " shire of the grass " of the above meadow [D. 384], 
where he is called " George Smyth of Exeter, Esquire." 

In D. 1695, Sept. 20, 1604, is a lease from the Chamber to 
Sir George Smythe of Madford, knight [he was knighted at 
Greenwich, June 12, 1604], of the herbage and pasture of a 



164 

parcel of ground called Northinghay, together with two 
gardens there of late enclosed adjoining to the almshouses, 
except a parcel of ground where the vawte of the gaole [or 
cesspool, D. 1527] now is, and also excepting the stone 
quarry there. The lease is terminable with the lives of Sir 
Nicholas Smythe, Lady Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Muncke, 
knight, Jane Smythe and Grace Smythe, son and daughters 
of Sir George Smythe. 

Endorsed : " Md. that this Deed was shewn in a cause 
Attorney General v. The Mayor &c. of Exeter." 

For the seal and signature of George Smythe, see D. 1722 
[May 24, 1613, p. 88.] 

In D. 403, April 1, 1624, Dorothy Smythe, of Larkebeare, 
widow of Sir Nicholas Smyth, knight, deceased, grants a lease 
of the above close. (D. 387.) 

In Misc. Rolls 33 (1755) is a rental of the lands of Nicholas 
Smythe, esquire. 

In D. 198, Oct. 23, 1296, the Prior and Convent of 
St. Nicholas recover a piece of ground for default of payment 
according to the Custom of the City of Exeter "in Gyhalda 
per Gavelak* et Scherford." 

In D. 802, April 3, 1327, is a reference to a place in South 
Street, which Peter Soth, as chief lord, recovered from a 
tenant by reason of non-payment of rent by name of 
" Gavelack " and " Shortford " in the City Court. 

In D. 848, March 26, 1343, John de Sutton, citizen of Exeter, 
recovers a tenement in North Street as chief lord by the 
Custom of " Gavelac " and " Shortford " in the City Court, 
the rent having remained unpaid for two years before Michael- 
mas, 1338. The said John took his " glebes " for 7 con- 
secutive terms, and had the final judgment called " Shortford" 
given for him on March 26, 1343. 

In Misc. Boll 4, ra. 5, is a draft of proceedings taken by the 
Master of St. John's Hospital in the Mayor's Court by the 
Custom of Gavelak and Shortford to recover a house " in 
vico fratrum prsedicatorum." 

In Misc. Roll 65, April, 1351, are extracts from the City 
Court Rolls showing the steps taken by the Prior of the 
Hospital of St. John, to recover pieces of land in the High Street 
near the East gate and in Pacie Street by the Custom of 
"Gavelak and Shortford." 

In Misc. Roll 96, 1368-1373, is a Copy of entries on the 
Mayor's Court Roll of the custom of " Gavelak and Shortford " 
for the recovery of a house and piece of land near the Castle of 

* For " Statutum de Gavelette," see Liber Albua, i., 455 ; Stat., i., 272, 
where it is supposed to have been enacted, circ. 1316. For proceeding in 
the Court of Hustings in London, i.e. Placita de Gaveleto, brief de Gaverleto, 
or de GaveJotte, see Lib. Alb., i., 62, 64, 172, 184, 186, 469, 



165 

Exeter by the Master of St. John's Hospital from Isabella de 
Hugheton. At the end there is a full recitation of the nature 
of the Custom. 

In Misc. Rolls 104, May 19, 1320, is an extract from the 
City Court Rolls setting forth the customs of " Gavelak" 
and " Shortford," from which it appears that if any Lord 
has a tenant who ought to pay rent to the Chief Lord for 
his tenement and does not do so and has nothing in the said 
tenement which can be distrained, the Lord shall carry away 
a stone or any other distress nullius quasi manenti existentis for 
the arrears of Rent, and so shall continue to do for seven terms 
following and shall carry away seven stones as is aforesaid, 
which seven are called " Glebe." [See D. 848, p. 164 ; " per gle- 
bam. ' ' Oliver, 309. ] In which seventh term by the consideration 
of the Court he shall have the said tenement for a year and a 
day by delivery of the Bailiffs of the City, which is commonly 
called " Gavelak." This is publicly proclaimed, so that any 
claimant of the tenement may put in his claim or answer 
for the rent and arrears within the year. And if no one comes 
or will not or cannot satisfy for the rent &c. within that time 
the Lord goes to the Court and claims according to the custom 
of the City to be adjudged in fee and demesne. And this 
custom is commonly called in our mother tongue " Shortford " 
[or " Sortfort " Oliver, 309], which in French is called 
'* Forclot " [i.e. forshut, foreclosed Bateson, i, 304, who 
gives the original Latin text with a fuller translation of the 
passage [et tune vocantur tenementa ilia " forshot " Liber Albus, 
i, 469. Et tune appellatur terra ilia forshard Lib. Alb. 62 ; 
Bateson, i, 298.] 

By this custom the Prior of St. Nicholas recovers a tene- 
ment, without Northgate which formerly belonged to 
Mr. William le Mol, glover. 

Draperies. 

L. 239. Jan. 8, 1622-3. The Lords of the Council write 
to the Mayor &c. : Whereas in the execution of his Majesty's 
Commission for trade directed to us and others, wee finde it 
verie probable that if the stuffs called the new Draperies 
were well and substanciallie made, died and dressed, they 
would soone regaine their wonted estymation and it would 
bee a good meanes to vent profittably great quantities of 
our woolle and sett multituds of people on worke in the 
manufacture thereof : Because without rules and orders pre- 
scribed it is hard to have those stuffs well made, and there 
is noe certen lawe alreadie made for regulating the making 
thereof : They accordingly desire advice as to " What rules 
you think fitt to propound &c.," and to consider what length, 
breadth, and weight everie piece of everie sort is fitt to 
conteyne and by what meanes you conceave those rules once 
made may be best contynued and observed. [For suggested 
regulations, May, 1622, see Cal. Dom. 1619-1623, p. 401 ; 
also Dec. 5, 1623, ibid, 1623-1625, p. 124.] 



166 

In L. 268, Westminster, April 24, 1624, John Prowse writes 
to the Mayor : Touching the bill of Perpetuanes [i.e., 
lastings or everlastings] I have gotten the same to be twice 
Read, and it now standeth under the Committees hand, but 
I doubt that our staie wilnot be so longe as to make it a lawe 
this session, but it must sleepe with manie other good bills 
until a newe meting. 

In L. 243, London, April 27, 1624, J. Chappell writes to 
the Mayor : The bill for the true makinge of Sarges hath 
been twise Reade and is nowe this daye to be heard by the 
Committes apoynted and so upon Report read unto the 
house the next stept is Ingrossinge and so to be presented to 
the Lordes of the heigher house, which I fear will hardlie 
passe this seccion of parlement. 

In Book 53, /. 247 (1646), a schedule of rates payable as 
tallage includes \\d. for every elbroade perpetuana and Id. 
for every narrow do. [For serges and perpetuanies see Cat. 
Dom. 1623-1625, p. 259, May 29, 1624; or perpetuanos, 
Devon. Assoc. Transactions, xliv., 594.] 

In L. 422 (? 1660) is a petition to the Chamber from the 
Weavers, Buyers and Sellers of Perpetuanes (sic). See page 50. 

In D. 1732, Nov. 7, 1615, is a certificate from the Mayor 
and two others that they according to the King's writ 
appraised 4 dozen pairs of wool cards at I2d. the pair. 

In D. 1812, Nov. 26, 1706, the Chamber deputes Benjamin 
Johnson and John Kingston to ask demand and receive of 
every person which shall bring any drapery or woollen manu- 
factures to the City to be bought and sold such sums of 
money and other duties as are due to the Chamber. 

Plantation of New England. 

L. 260. Chiswicke, Dec. 16, 1623. Francis [Lord] Russell 
(see L. 257, page 11) writes to the Deputy Lieutenants of 
Exeter : After my heartie comendacons. Whereas his 
Majestic hath been pleased, as by his gratious letter [L. 262] 
you may perceive, which will shortlie bee brought you, to 
expresse with his owne care and consideracion to the life, 
the importance of so great a good and honor to him and his 
Kingdomes in the adventuring and furthering the plantacion 
in New England, as the advancing of Religion and enlarging of 
Territorie, and to that which is not usuall to actions of this 
nature, as being likely so farre to inrich this Kingdome as to 
bee one of the meanes to quicken trade in general, and especially 
to the western parts : His Majesty's further pleasure importing 
a gratious acceptacion in such as shall shew themselves in 
their ioyning to venture with an account of the same. Theis 
are therefore to pray you, that according to his Majesty's 



167 

pleasure directed in his Letters in that behalfe, you use your 
best indeavors and judgements in causing meetings within 
your severall divisions, and inviting such as in your wisedomes 
you think fittest and ablest to bee Adventurers in this designe. 
In which I shall so farre wish the good of the accion, 
that my adventure in it, shalbee sized according to my affection, 
and not to the meannesse of my fortune. Thus I bid you 
heartily farewell. Resting your assured loving freinds as 
long as I am : 

Fra. Russell. 

L. 261. (Endorsed : " Reasons shewinge the benefitt of 
Plantinge in Newe England, 1623.)* [See L. 262.] Reasons 
showinge the benefitt that maie ensue to these his Majesties 
Realmes by setlinge of the Plantacion in Newe England and 
especially to the westerne partes of this Kingdome : 

1. ffirste itt enlargeth the bounds of his Majesty's 
dominions, and annexeth unto his Crowne one of the 
goodliest Territoryes for Soyle, Havens, Harbours, and 
habitable Islands that ever hath been discovered by 
our Nation. 

2. Secondly, itt will afford a world of imployment to many 
thousands of our nation, of all sorts of people, who are 
(wee knowe) att this present ready to starve for want 
of itt. 

3. Thirdly, itt will thereby disburthen the Comonwealth 
of a multitude of poore that are likely dayly to increase, 
to the infinite trouble and preiudice of the publique 
state. 

4. ffowerth, itt wilbe a marvelous increase to our 
navigacion and a most excellent opertunitye for the 
breedinge of marryners for that the vessels, that are 
to trade thither, and so from thence to their severall 
Marketts, are to be shippes of good burthen, to goe 
well mande, and thoroughly fortified for defence of 
themselves and their Consorts. 

5. ffyftly, the Clyme, beinge so temperate and healthfull 
as itt is, it will doubtlesse afford in short tyme a notable 
vente for our Clothes, and other stuffes of that kinde, 
which now lyes dead uppon our Merchants hands. 

6. Syxthly, wee shalbe able to furnish our selves, out 
of our owne Territoryes, with many of those comodityes 
that nowe wee are beholdinge to our neighbours for, 
as namely : Pitche, Tarre, Rosen, fnaxe, Hempe, 
Masts, Dales (sic), Spruce and other Tymber of all 
sorts, Salte and wyne, which two comodityes alone 
costs this Kingdome many thousands by the yere, 
besides Madder, Oade and many other dyeinge Roots, 
Stuffes and Graynes, as also severall riche ffurrs, 

* For the Council for the Plantation of New England, see Cal. Dom., 1619- 
1623, pp. 90, 188, Nov. 3, 1619, 1620. 



168 

Togeather with one of the best fyshings in the knowne 
parts of the world, and sundry sorts of Apothecary 
Druggs not yet spoken of. 

7. Seaventhly, for the difficultie of the enterprise (thanks 
be to God) itt is in a manner already past for that 
the whole Coast (within the lymitts graunted by his 
Majestic to the Councell for those affayres) is not onely 
discovered by their navies, but many the principall 
Ports and Islands actually possessed by some of the 
present undertakers, And whither this yeere hath 
been sent besides those that are nowe in preparacion 
to goe with the Governor* neere aboute 400 men, 
women and children. As also 60 sayles of the best shipps 
of the westerne parts, that are onely gone to fische 
and trade for ffurres. 

8. Eightly. The soyle beinge so fertile, and the Clyme 
so healthfull, with what Content shall the particuler 
person Ymploye himselfe there, when he shall finde 
that for 121. 10s. Adventure, hee shalbe made lord of 
200 acres of land, to him and his heirs for ever, And 
for the charge of transportacion of hymselfe, his 
f amilye and Tenants he shalbe allotted for every person 
hee carryes 100 acres more, at the rate of 5s. for every 
100 acres cheife rent to the lord of the soyle in whose 
land he shall happen to sitt downe in. And what 
laborer soever shall transporte himselfe thither att 
his owne charge to have the like proporcion of land 
uppon the foresaid Condicions and be sure of imploy- 
ment, to his good content, for his present maintenance. 

9. Nynthly. If hee bee a gentleman, or person of more 
eminency who hath noe great stocke to continue his 
reputacion heare att home, howe happie shall hee bee 
if he can make but a matter of 100 or 200 li. providently 
imployed in the course of his transportacion, who 
shalbe therewith able to transporte himselfe, his famyly 
and necessary provisions and soe have allotted unto 
him a quantity of lands, wherewith he shall not only 
be able to live without scorne of his malignors but in a 
plentifull and worthy manner, with assurance to leave 
good fortunes to his posteritye if he but industriously 
be carefull to make the best of his meanes. 

10. Tenthly, seeinge that the Counsell for these affayres 
have ever had, and still have, a speciall desire in this 
their courses truly and without vanity or ostentacion, 
to endeavour the good of the Country for the better 
declaracion and manifestacion whereof, they are freely 
content and doe hartyly wishe, that every Countie 
within this Realme would be pleased to take a Certen 
proporcion of land within their lymitts, which they 
shall have att 5s. rent the 100 acres, with allowance of 

* See Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial Series, i, 68 (Oct. 8, 1623). 



169 

some 1,000 acres, without Rent, to be ymployed for 
pious uses, whither the (sic) might send from yeare 
to yeare, such of their people as might be convenyently 
spared, and that are otherwise like to bee burthensome 
unto the state of the Commonwealth which maye 
be incorporated into one bodye, and governed under 
such officers and magistratts as please them that send 
such as they imploye, who shalbe strengthened with 
such libertyes and immunityes, as shalbe thought 
fitt for the better advancement of that service. Soe 
may the Countye not only frame themselves to 
releeve the state of their poorer sorte of people butt 
finde worthy imployment for many younger brothers 
and brave gentlemen, that nowe are ruined for want 
thereof. 

Lastly and above all the rest, by this oportunitye, there 
is noe Countye within this Realme, butt by this Course 
hath a speciall occasion and meanes presented unto 
them to dedicate theire best service to the God of 
Heaven and earth, by endeavoringe to advance his 
glorye, in seekinge how to settle the Xtian ffayth 
in those Heathenishe and desert parts of the world, 
which who shall refuse to further, lett him undergoe 
the blame thereof himself e. 

L. 262. Dec. [8], 1623. A coppye of the Kinges letter 
to the Lords Leiftenaunts of the Countyes of Somersett, 
Devon and Cornwall. 

[For an abstract of this, dated Dec. 8, 1623, see Cal. Dom. 
(Colonial) 1574-1660, p. 54, with endorsement : " Three letters 
of the like tenor were directed to the Counties of Cornwall, 
Somerset and Devon and the Cities of Bristol and Exeter."] 

Right trustie and welbeloved &c. Wee greete you well. 
Wee have formerly graunted our Royall Charter for the 
plantinge of a Collanie in the parts of Newe England, which 
was not passed without due Examinacion of the proposicions 
then made and apparent assurance of good and worthie 
successe by that plantation, for the advancement of Christian 
Religion and agood addicion both of honor and proffitt to 
our Kingdomes and people. And because upon the tryall 
that hath ben made of some persons of qualitie, that have 
ben content for the publique good to adventure* their private 
estates, and fortunes, the benefitts and Comodities found in 
those parts, and the good retornes that have ben made from 
thence, doe approve the undertakinge to bee of such publick 
hopes and consequence as wee thinke itt verye worthie of 
our Care and assistance in anye thinge that maye give a reall 
furtherance thereunto. And that accordingly wee have taken 

* For list of names of those who will adventure for necessary provisions 
for the Colony of Virginia, see Cal. Dom., (Colonial) 1574-1660, p. 49, July 4, 
1623. 



170 

into our Consideracion that soe greate aworke cannot well 
bee managed to the best advantage, without the helpe of 
more hands and strengthe, then are nowe imployed in it. 
Wee have first thought uppon these Westerne Countries in 
respect of the Scituacion and Conveniencie both for receavinge 
Commodityes from the Plantacion, sendinge such provisions, 
and supplies thither as shalbe requisite, and takinge an 
accompt of both to bee most proper, and fitt to have a share 
and intrest hi that busines. Not doubtinge, but that beinge 
poursued with an assistance from thence, the successe and 
retornes wilbe soe beneficiall, as will not only answere the 
charge in agood measure of profitt, but drawe in other 
Countreis voluntarily to offerr themselves partners therein. 
The experience wee have had of your good affeccions to publick 
workes doth likewise move us the rather to invite you both 
by your owne adventures, and indeavourance to move other 
gentelmen and persons of qualitie and meanes in that Countrie, 
to joyne with you in the advancement of this Plantacion, 
which wee doe not onlye propound unto you as aworke, wherein 
the publicke hath a great intrest, But wherein your adventures 
are in all appearance like to bringe you good retornes of proffitt, 
which the Patentees will more particularly make appeare 
unto you ministers of theirs appointed to attend you for that 
purpose [see L. 261], Wee hope wee shall not neede to use 
more persuasion in this particular, when both publicke and 
private considerations have soe much force, and your good 
affeccions so readie to further good workes. Nevertheles, 
wee doe expect to receave from you an accompt of your 
proceedings and an intimacion thereby, whome you finde 
readie and willinge and whome not, that wee may take such 
notice of both as there shalbe Cause. Given &c. 

In L. 361 (undated) is the following unsigned memorandum : 
Yt is conceaved that the principall places for fishing uppon 
the seacoast is already graunted unto certen pattentees,* 
so that yf the cyttisens of Exeter should purchase a quantity 
of Land which is not commodious for fishing then it will fall 
out that we shall bare the burden of a plantation and not 
partack of the benefytt which shall helpe to further the same. 
Therefore we hold yt a buissyness worthy the entertaynement 
of the house of parliament and yf his Majestie shalbe pleased 
to recall the pattents already granted, then we think it meet 
to purchase ^th parte of the hoole to be held of his Majestie 
and not of anye other and according to the portion of land 
to send yerely for the plantation so many as other places 
that have the licke quantity shall be chargeable withall- 
provided nevertheles that yf the place where our Land shalbe 
doe not prove fytte for fishing that then yt shalbe Lawfull for 
us to fishe in any other place uppon the coast and to have 

* See Acts of Privy Council, Colonial, 1. 41, 56, June 18, 1621, Oct. 23, 1622; 
Cal. Dom. 1619-1623, p. 460, Nov. 6, 1622. 



171 

convenient stages and places uppon the shoar to mack and 
drye the ffishe we tack in as quyett a manner without lett or 
deniall of any that shall pretend interest in the same as yf 
yt were in the place wheir our Land lyeth paying a small 
somme to the owners of the Land where we fish and make 
the same as I2d. for a ship or such licke somme and no more 
and lickewise to have free liberty of trade upon the whole 
coast. Upon these conditions we maye adventure to purchase, 
otherwise if we may not freely fish without paying as of late 
many have done yt were better to leave the plantation to 
others then to enter uppon any other conditions then herein 
is expressed. 

[For answers to propositions of merchants of Barnstaple, see 
Cal. Colonial, 1574 to 1660, p. 47, June 21, 1623.] 

Companies of Players. 

L. 267. April 9, 1624. The Master of the Revels [Sir Henry 
Herbert] to all Mayors, Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace, 
Bayleiffs, Constables, Head Bouroughes, and all other his 
Majesty's officers, true legmen and Subiects and to every 
of them greetinge. Knowe yee that whereas the King's most 
excellent Majestic hath granted to the Master of the Re veils a 
Commission giving him full power and authoritye for the 
Orderinge, Reforminge, Authorisinge and Puttinge downe 
of all and everye Playes, Players and Playemakers as of all 
other shewes whatsoever in all Places within his Majesties 
Realme of England, and the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of 
Pembroke,* by letter dated 31 October, 15 James I [1617],f 
having granted license to William PerryJ and the rest of his 
associates " to provide and keepe and bring up a convenient 
number of youthes and children and them to practize and 
exercize in the qualetye of playinge by the name of the 
Children of the Revells to the late Queen Anna . I have allowed 
and confirmed the aforesaid grant to bee and Continew unto 
the said William Perrie and his as sociates, viztt., George 
Bosegrave, Richard Backster, Thomas Band, James Jones, 
Walter Barrett, James Kneller, and Edward Tobye and the 
rest of there Companie not exceedinge the number of twentye 
for a year from the date of these presents, and what 
Companie soever shall Repaire Unto any of your Townes, 
Corporatt Cittyes or Bouroughes not having their Authorities 
Confirmed by me and sealed with the Seale of the office of 
the Revells that forthwith you seize any such graunt or Com- 
mission and send it to me accordinge to those Warrants 
directed to you heretofor by the Right Honerable the Lord 
Chamberlaine . " 

* i.e. William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, 1601-1630. 

f See J. T. Murray, English Dramatic Companies, i, 361, 362 ; ii, 345, 347. 
j For commission to him, Sept. 18, 1629, to make up a Company of Players 
for York, see Cal. Dom., 1629-1631, p. 59. 

d. March 2, 1619 ; J. T. Murray, i, 361, 365. 



172 

Given att hys Majesties office of the Re veils under my 
hand and The scale of the said office the nynth daie of Aprill 
in the yeare of the Raigne of our Soveraigne Lord James 
by the grace of God Kinge of England, ffrance and Ireland, 
King defender of the ffaith &c., the Two and Twentieth, and 
of Scotland the Seven and ffifteth. Anno Domini, 1624 

H. Herbert. 
James Tucker. 
Tristram Michell. 

Exd. et concord., 31 Mail, 1624, p. me Sam. Izeacke, cler.* 
Wm. Finkle. 

[An abstract of this taken from Stuart Moore's Calendar is 
printed in J. T. Murray, i, 362 ; ii, 272, altering the date to 
1623.] 

In Act Book VII, /. 2076, Nov. 13, 1621. This day 
Mr. Receyver is ordered to give unto certeyne players [no 
names given] which are lycenced under the Kynge's pryvye syg- 
nett the sum of xls. as a gratuyty and not to be suffered to play.f 

In L. 514. Exeter, Feb. 14, 1748. The Town Clerk 
[unsigned but probably Henry Gandy] writes to Mr. Zachary 
Hamlyn enclosing a letter (L. 515) : Sir, I have by this post 
wrote to our Members a Letter, of which a Copy is on t'other 
side, whereto and to the Bill Inclosed in their Letter I referr 
you. The Bill is intended intirely to suppress Players of 
Interludes which debauches all Youth and particularly those 
of this Town. We having a parcell of Fellows here that 
will play in Spite of the Magistrates' Teeth, pretending they 
dont play for Hire. And the Intention of our Magistrates 
is as much as in them lyes to prevent it, and in Order thereto, 
You are desired to go to the Gentlemen and Consult with 
them in what manner to Conduct it. We cant think that 
this Short Bill, which is intended only for the publick Good 
of Mankind, can meet with any Opposition or much Expence, 
But if you'd give me a hint what you think it may Cost 
He be Obliged to you, and take Care to send you the Mony 
assoon as demanded But Pray wait upon Mr. Sydenham 
for the bill &c. I am, your most Humble Servant. 

L. 515. Exeter, Feb. 14, 1748. The Town Clerk [Henry 
Gandy] writes to Mr. Humfrey Sydenham, Esquire, and John 
Tuckfield, Esquire J : 

Gentlemen : In a Chamber this day held at the Guildhall, 
I am directed by the Body, with their Service, to acquaint 

* Samuel Izacke appointed Town Clerk May 4, 1624 ; Oliver, 241. He 
was the father of Richard Izacke the historian of Exeter. 

f For a similar case in June, 1618, when the Mayor, Ignatius Jourdain, 
gave a gratuity of 4 angels to the " Children of Bristoll," to compensate them 
for refusal of permission to play in Exeter, see Cal. Dom., 1611-1618, 
p. 549 ; J. T. Murray, ii, 6, quoting Collier, i, 369. 

J M.P.'s for Exeter in the Parliament from Aug. 13, 1747, to April 8, 
1754. 



173 

you that notwithstanding the Several Acts of Parliament 
made to prevent Players of Interludes &c., yet a Company 
of players which they call Kenneday's Company are come 
to this City and there play in spite of the Magistrates' 
Teeth pretending they dont play for Hire and thereby think 
to avoid the penalty of the Law. And the method they 
take is this : They give notice by printed papers that some 
gent, for their diversion and improvement intend such 
a day to perform a Consort of Musick as it is performed in 
the Rehearsall of the Play called "Love for Love,"* without 
any Hire or reward. And the persons having. a Mind to go 
to that Play first goe to the Printer of these papers and buy 
a Small paper of Teeth Powder (as he calls it) and by him 
are recommended to be admitted as Worthy partakers of this 
diversion and they are admitted accordingly as is pretended 
gratis. By these and such like Evasions, they avoid the 
Law and play on, nor do the Magistrates know, how to come 
at them, or punish them for what is passed. But they are 
willing to have a more Extensive Bill in parliament to prevent 
the Debauching and even the Destruction of the Youth of 
this Towne for the future, and to that end they have Drawn 
a Bill which is Inclosed [not now preserved], and which we 
apprehend will meet with little or no Opposition, it being 
only for the publick good. I have wrote to Mr. Hamlyn 
to Sollicite it, and to wait upon you for that purpose. And 
when you have read it you'l please to give it him, and after- 
wards Endeavour to get it passed. In which we are Informed 
Sir John Bernard will be glad to assist you, it being by way 
of amendment only to a Law he himself brought in about 
Ten years ago, and now Evaded. 
I am, Gentt., 

Your most obedient and Humble 
Servant. 

Maintenance of the Blind. 

L. 269. Hayne, June 7, 1624. John Northcot f writes to 
the Mayor : 

Good Mr. Maior, 

I have ben ernestlie entreated by divers of the Parishioners 
of Uppen Pine to write unto you on their behalfe That whereas 
one Agnes Taylor, late of Uppen Pyne, widowe (being a blinde 
woman), is now abiding with the widowe Tailor of St. David's 
within your Cittie of Exeter, and hath there remained with 
her about halfe a yeare, the said Agnes having v\ili. xs. now 
remaining in the handes of some of the parishioners of Uppen 
Pyne, who have alwaies heretofore paide her the use thereof, 
untill of late she hath arrested the said parties for the said 
money, which theie are willing to repaie unto her, if she might 

* ? Written by Wm. Congreve in 1695. 

t Of Yewton, near Crediton. His son Pollard Northcote died at Hayne 
in Newton in 1041. Boose, Reg., 105, 



174 

be freed from the chardge of theire said parish of Uppen Pyne, 
but theie doubt that when the said money is gotten out of 
their handes, it wilbe consumed and spent awaie, and then 
she returned back againe on the chardge of their said parish : 
I shall therefore praie you, either to take such order that 
the said money (which theie are readie to paie) maie be putt 
into some sufficient men's handse for her maintenaunce here- 
after, whereby it maie be a dischardg for either of the said 
parishes where she shall remaine, or that theie which sue to 
recover the said money maie undertake that she maie not be 
sent back againe to Uppen Pine parish, which I hope you 
will think to be reasonable, and wilbe pleased to take some 
paines to settle some good Order herein, for the better dis- 
chardg of both the said parishes, for which I shall rest thank- 
full, and wilbe readie to requite you in the like curtesie and 
occasion offered. Thus with my loving Salutations do rest, 
Your assured Loving freind, 

Jo. Northcot. 

The Cadiz Expedition. 

L. 285 (undated 1626) is " A note of monies (521 10s.) 
disbursed for his Majesties speciall service by the Chamber 
of the Cittie of Exon ; as well about the ympressings and 
settings foorth of thirtie souldiers* in the yere of our Lord 
1625 from Exon to Plymouthf and their chardge there as in 
the passinge of the Captaynes and their companies and 
carriages from the Westerne parts eastward." 

L s. d. 
Imprimis paid for ympresse money for the 

saide Souldiers 01 10 

It. paid for Coats for the said Souldiers Cloth 

and Makinge 18 18 

Item paid for Conducte Monie and Charge of 

the Conductor 06 08 

Item paid for their ordinarie paye in Plymouth 

before they had pay from his Majestic . . 0911 
Item paid for Captayne Cook's Chardges and 
his Companye lyinge here one whole daye 
beinge Sunday the 21st of Dec., 1626 . . 4 16 
Item paid in divers other particular somes for 
horse hire and other charges about the 
passinge of the severall Companyes through 
this Cittie to their next Stages and for 
Saddells and other things loste . . . . 1 1 07 

Summ' . 52 10 



* For names of 370 men from East Devon, including 30 from Exeter, 
see Cal. Dom., 1625-1626, p. 28 ; May 25, 1625. 

t For the army at Plymouth, July 17, 29, 30, Aug. 15, Sept. 18, 1625, 
see ibid, 61, 70, 77, 84, 107. The fleet sailed from Plymouth Oct. 8, 1625, 
and returned in December, 1625 ; Gardiner, vi, 14, 21. 



175 

L. 291. At Whitehall, the 21st of February, 1626 (i.e. 
1627). Whereas by a former order of this Bord made the 
22nd day of August last, 1626 and our letters in pursuite 
of the said order of the 24th of the same moneth there was 
30,000^'. assigned out of his Majestie's ffarme of the pre- 
emption of Tynne to be paid at severall termes to the 
Contractors for the apparellinge of Souldiers in the Counties 
of Devon and Cornewall, And to the billettors of souldiors 
and officers there upon due accompts, viz. [torn] at Christmas, 
1626, and 9,000fo'. 1627, towards the discharge of the Contractors 
for Cloathes. And 10,000^., 1628. And 10,000^. in the 
yeare 1629 for the discharge of the billettors aforesaid with 
this proviso that if the aforesaid somes shall be paid out of 
anie other his Majestie's Tresures within the tyme before 
lymitted or that the said some should be fully paid out of the 
aforesaid ffarme within the said terme, that then the said 
Assignement should cease. And alsoe that if the said somes 
due accordinge to the accompts shall not be fully discharged 
by the assignement aforesaid, that then the residue of the 
said somes remayninge unpaid should be paid and discharged 
out of the ffarme Rente to come or some other of his Majestie's 
Tresure. And whereas by the foresaid letters there is power 
given to the deputy Leevetenants of the said Countyes to pay 
the Creditors of the Captaynes and other officers as alsoe 
the Conduct money for the Companies to carye with them 
when they did remove at 4s. 8d. the weeke, a man and the 
thinges that shoulde growe for horses and other [torn], 
to convey the same Armes and any Municion belonginge 
to the said Companies and put the same to the forenamed 
accompt as by the said order and letters more at large and 
parti cularlye doth appeare. Now forasmuch as the Countie 
of Devon hath showen itself e very forwarde in his Majesties 
presente and former services his Majestic is graciouslye pleased 
and theire Lordshippes did alsoe thinke fitt and ordered that 
the afore named Assignements upon the Tynne ffarme shall 
cease and be cancelled and that for the more speedie satis - 
faccion of the Countrey the moneyes which shall arise out 
of the Loanes unto his Majestic of the said County of Devon 
and Cittye of Exeter, other then those alredy assigned to 
Sir. ffardinando Gorge for the payment of the garrison of the 
Porte of Plymmouth shall be assigned for the payment of the 
apparellinge, billeting and other charges of the souldiors 
and theire officers as is expressed in the foremencioned order 
and letters. And to that ende and purpose it is further ordered 
that all the said Loanes bee by the Collectors alredye nominated 
by the Commissioners for the said Loanes, or by the heigh 
Constables of the hundreds where there are noe Collectors 
paid over unto Sir George Chudleigh, Baronett, appointed 
Tresuror by the Deputie Leevetenants of the saide Counties 
by authoritye received from the Bord, whoe is to yssue and 
pay the said money, for the satisfaccion of the saide Contractors, 



176 

billetors, Credittors, Conducte money and other foremencioned 
charges accordinge to the direccions in the aforesaid order 
and letters. Heereof the Lord Treasurer and the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer are earnestly prayed and required to take 
speciall notice and to give order accordingely And withall 
to directe and require as well the said Sir George Chudleigh 
as the Deputye Leevetenants of the Countye to cause the 
Holies by which the said Loanes shall be paid to be dulye 
returned into the Exchequer and that the said Treasurer 
therewith deliver in particuler and perfecte accompts of his 
receipts and payments that thereuppon hee may have his 
due discharge. 

Contributions for Relief of Distress in other Towns. 

L. 288. Jan. 8, 1626-27. Thomas Sherwill, Mayor of 
Plymouth, thanks the Chamber for 921. Us. 5d., collected at 
Exeter " towards the releife of the visited sicke of our Towne 
of Plymouth." He would have sent his thanks long since 
" but that the contagion (till of late contynuinge) and many 
other great and serious occasions thoroughe that cause and 
others have soe overlaide us as that till now wee could hardly 
fynde tyme to expresst our thankefuUnes." [For sickness at 
Plymouth, July 26, Aug. 2, Deo. 15, 22, 29, 1625, see Cal. Dom. 
1625-26, pp. 74, 79, 177, 184, 191. For reference to "the 
siknes tyme," see T. Wright, p. 319, from Exeter Receiver's 
Account, 1632.] 

In L. 310, Salisbury, Feb. 26, 1627-28, the Mayor of Sali- 
bury (James Abbott), the Ex-Mayor (John Ivy*) and the 
Rector of St. Edmunds, Salisbury (Peter Thacher) thank the 
Chamber for two sums sent by the Inhabitants of Exeter 
to them in this our late visitacion for the releiffe of our poore 
people, with which supplyes in all likelyhood many must 
have perished, there haveinge beene for the greatest parte 
of this tyme to aboute the number of Three Thousand persons 
upon releife amongst us, viz., 25Z. 8s. 0%d. and 40J., which 
figures they quote upon a reserve of our booke wherein 
we have recorded the gifts that have beene sente us, togeather 
with the persons and places from whence." Adding : " The 
Lord whoe at length hath removed his hand from us givinge 
us good hope of the suddayne staye of it altogether, sanctifye 
it unto us, and turne away this and all other his fearefull 
judgements, both from us and you." 

[For sickness at Salisbury, see Izacke, 151 ; Cal. Dom. 
1627-8. p. 368 (Oct. 2, 1627). For 84Z. contributed from 
Bristol, Nov. 17, 1627, see Hoare's History of Wiltshire 
(Salisbury), p. 363.] 

In L. 339, Cambridge, Aug. 24, 1630, Henry Butts [Master 
of C.C.C.], Vice-Chancellor, and John Badcocke, Mayor of 

*W. lyie, Mayor of Salisbury, 1626-1627. For his narration see Hoare 
(Saliabiuy), p. 36Q. 



177 

Cambridge, send thanks to the Mayor of Exeter for a Collection 
of 4:51. 10s. sent to Cambridge [i.e. in 1629, Izacke, 152], 
" towards the releiff of our poor people here in Cambridge." 
He adds : "It is, sure, God's great mercy toward us in ye 
midst of our misery that ye bo wells of so many in places remote 
are stirred with compassion toward us, for our abillityes are 
small, our necessityes many and great, not an 100 able to give, 
above 4,000 receyvers, besydes ye great expence we are att 
for keeping of them in order, for saving ye sound from ye 
danger of ye sick ; and for securing of ye country adioyning, 
our weekly charge rising to 200?. We hartily pray you to 
make remembrance of this our humble and thanckfull acknow- 
ledgment to those mercifull men of your Citty, who have so 
charitably contributed to our necessityes hereby yee have 
made thousands your debtors, who dayly bless God for you, 
and pray that a thousand fold blessing may be rendred unto 
you from ye God of heven and earth. To his most holy 
protection we humbly recommend you all with ourselves. 
Your servants, 

Henry Butts*, p. con. 

John Badcock, Maior. 

In L. 384, Taunton, Aug. 16, 1640, the Mayor of Taunton 
thanks the Chamber for a collection of 191?. 175. 4d. " for 
our distressed poore infected with the plague." [The docu- 
ment is much damaged, but the amount is recorded in the 
endorsement and on a receipt at the foot as including 61. 
worth of corn and 185?. 17s. Id. in money. See Izacke, 155.] 

In L. 407, Northam, Dec. 3, 1650, William Leighe and 
Anthony Downe thank the Chamber for a collection of 
43?. 8s. Od. made in Exeter for the sick poor of Appledore 
[near Bideford], " for the releife of poore Appledore visited 
with the pestilence. We need say no more but to entreate 
your prayers for health in our habitations and to acquaint 
you with god's mercy in Northam's preservation, Appledore's 
hopefull restitution to a healthfull condition and especially the 
singular mitigation of god's anger all the time of his heavy 
visitation." 

A Plot. 

L. 290. Feb. 6, 1626-7. Mr. Giles Carpenter, sometyme 
Muster Master of this Cittie, informs Mr. Ignatius 
Jurdain (see L. 210, page 112) : Mr. Jordayne : My 
welwishing to you and other of your Citye in regarde 
of your and there former kindness towards mee in- 
forceth me to be willing to discover unto you and so 
to them by you frome mee a daungerous plot intended 

* For a letter (undated) from Dr. Butts to Lord Coventry, in which he 
says "There are 5,000 poor and not above 100 who can assist in relieT ing 
them." See C. H. Cooper, Annals of Cambridge, iii, 227 ; from Master's 
Hist, of C.C.C., App., p. 70. 

Wt. 20757. Ex 12 



178 

agaynste the city in gennerall by some particuler persons 
seeking thereby ther own ends and is daungerous in regard 
of future damages that may and is likely to follow as I conceve 
it in so much as I dare not comit it to writing or come myself 
to you to make relation off my knowledg in it lest thereby 
I shoulde hinder a timely prevention as I conceve it. Ybut 
that you please to creditt my gennerall relation off a straung 
proiect I will apoynt a meeting at honiton one day this next 
weeke. I will not faile, god willing, to meete you there 
and will reveile as much as is causually come to my knowledge ; 
in the mean time I wishe you would conceale my Letter or at 
least aquent few with it, Mr. Walker or one or two more 
whom you thincke good or none at all yf you thincke beste 
till you have spoken with mee. So wishing to you and the 
rest all hapines in this unhapy age of ours, do rest your and 
ther welwishing ffrind to my power, 

Giles Carpenter. 

the writing that I saw conserning the fortyffing off the 
Castell and the use there of as neare as I now remember. . . . 
. the undertakers, Londoners, and decayed courtiers : all 
the old buildings to be reedyfied together with the wals and 
gates, tow draybridges, one into Northern haye the other 
into the City, and a Church in former time there caled 
St. Maryes to be reedified, a garrison, of a 100 soldiers at the 
King's charge for 3 yeares, afterward at the charge of the 
undertakers, tow faires to be granted ech of them to indure 
tow dayes, no sellers there but the Londoners and the 
inhabitants of the same parish (?) and Castell, and the said 
Undertakers to sell at all times of the yeare and the same 
Castell to be as a Mart for the western parts of the land, the 
impost of wines and prisages geven the firste 3 yeeres, . . . and 
the wines to be sold accordingly. The said Castell to be as a 
storehouse for the whole shire to keepe the munnision in. 
Certayn gentlemen of the cheere to be joyned in comission 
with the Captayne of the Castell, tow others with the Maior 
and 3 capitall burges, they all to ayde and asiste the Captayne 
upon reasonable warning, by vertu of that commission they 
are to have the power of Marshall law, the Captayn to be Judg 
and Chiefe, the Shreife to bring the Judges no farder then 
the Castell gate and there agayne to receve them, the Captayn 
to gard them in and out, divers plotformes for ordinance 

to be provided there 

. . the waye to prevent all is to bye the ffee farme of such as 
now stand seised of it. Bigolston some time had it. 

The City of Anwarpe was sacked by such a meanes of a 
Castell within ye walls [of] it within the memory of man.* 

Relief of La Rochelle. 

L. 292. Whitehall, March 24, 1626-27. The Lords of 
the Council write to the Mayor &c. : 
"After our harty comendacons. It is well knowne unto 

* i,e. on Nov. 3, 1676. Froude, xi, 58 ; Motley, 637, 



179 

you upon what weightie grounds and occacions importing 
noe lesse than the defence and safetie of the Kingdome daylie 
threatned with preparacions and approach of an Enemye 
you were formerly required to furnish out from that Porte 
two shipps of warr for his Majestie's service, the doeing 
whereof was afterwards in your favour as nowe upon humble 
and instant suite by you made (as especially out of his Majestie's 
accustomed princely grace and care for the ease of his Subiects 
all that possiblye may bee) respited untill you should receave 
therein further order from this Board. And whereas it is 
manifest that the affaires off Christendum doe still continewe 
uponsuch daungerous tearmes as give his Majestie cause 
not to omitte any provident care for the strength and safetie 
of his owne Dominions, and the support and ayde of his 
Allies and Confederats, And in asmuch as the tyme of the yeare 
which usually openeth the waye to Accions of Warre now 
appeareth, And further his Majestie hath at this present 
on foote some important designe and expedicion by sea ; 
whereby after the departure of the ffleete prepared on that 
behalfe there wilbe neede of the said shipps for the defence 
of the Coasts and keeping the narrowe Seas ; wee therefore 
in his Majestie's name, and by his expresse comaund doe 
now againe straightly hereby require and charge you not- 
withstanding any former allegacions or pretences by you 
made and without all further delayes or excuses whatsoever 
to cause two shipps of the burthen of 200 Tunnes apeece every 
way ffurnished as men of Warre to bee soe in readines as not 
to faile to come to a Rendezvous at Portsmouth by the 20th of 
May next, the said shipps to bee victualled with full 4 moneths 
provision to bee accounted from the said 20th of May. As 
for such parte of the charge thereof as by our former letter was 
to bee supplied unto you by the Countrey we have now againe 
written expresse letters unto them on that behalfe inioyneing 
them to assist you there withall. And have therein likewise 
given direccions to the Deputie Lieutenants for the importing 
of such number of marriners, or in the want of them of such 
other serviceable Landmen as shalbe by you desired and 
found needefull for the makeing upp of the full Complement 
of the said two shipps, and for such parte of the whole charge 
of this service as is to fall to your Share, wee doe hereby 
authorise and require you to cause the same to bee assessed 
and leavied upon the Inhabitants of the said Cittie and Porte 
and members of the same in such indifferent and equall manner 
as is accustomed upon the occacion of Publique service. And 
in case any person shall refuse to pay such somes as shalbe 
by you indifferently assessed upon him that then you cause 
him to give good Bond forthwith to appearr and answeare 
his contempt before the Board. And soe requireing you not 
to faile hereof as you tender his Majestie's high displeasure 
and the defence and safetie of the Realme. Wee bid you 
hartilie farewell." 



180 

For reply to this letter by the Mayor and Aldermen of 
Exeter, dated April 19, 1627, see Cat. Doc. 1627-28, p. 141, 
in which they state reasons why their city ought not to be called 
upon to supply these ships. 

Billeting of Soldiers. 

L. 300. Nov. 4, 1627. Copy of a letter from the Lords 
of the Council to the Commissioners for well-ordering and 
billetting of soldiers at Plymouth : " After our hartie 
commendacions. Whereas there are 2,000 Recreutz to 
be sent to ye Isle of Retz,* who were appointed to be 
at their Rendezvous at Plymouth by the first of this 
moneth ye governing and well ordering of which soldyers 
during their stay there is principally committed to 
Captain Henry Woodhouse,f who is despatched hence with 
Commission in that behalfe : These are therefore to authorize 
and require you or any three or more of you to be ayding 
and assisting from tyme to tyme to ye sayde Captaine Wood- 
house as well in the well ordering, Billetting and gouverning 
of the sayd soldyors as in the execucion of such other direccions 
as you shall receive from him, for the furtherance of this 
service. And whereas wee have by late letters from some 
of you beene given to understande in generall of the disburse- 
ments made by the Country for the billetting and pay of 
these 2,000 men lately sent away with the Erie of Hollande ; 
wee having acquainted his Majestic there withall, (wee tak 
that service very graciously at your hands), have according 
to his expresse pleasure and commande given order to our very 
good Lord the Lord Treasurer and Mr. Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, to deliver here within ten dayes the summe of 
twentie five hundred pounds mentioned in your Letters to 
be transmitted unto you, with all speede, for ye satisfying 
and engagement of the aforesayd charges and disbursments. 
And for these other 2,000 men who are now to be there, wee 
are by his Majestie's commande to let you know that as he 
expects the lyke forwardnesse and good affeccion in the 
Country as formerly in the charge of providing for them 
during their stay there, which is intended to be but for a 
very short tyme, so you may be well assured that upon a iust 
account thereof made and returned hither repayment shalbe 
forthwith made out of his Majesties Exchequer here. In the 
billetting of the Soldyors it is Majestie's pleasure that you 
place in the Cittie of Exeter such a number of them as you 
shall finde to be proportionally convenient, who are to be 
received and entertained there in the same maner as they 
are in other Townes of that County. And for ye better easing 
of the sayde County, It is lykewise his Majestie's pleasure 
and commande that ye County of Cornwall shall receive 
and lodge so many of these 2,000 soldyors as may answeare 

* i.e. Bh6, see page 17. 

f For his Commission, Nov. 6, 1627, see Cal. Dom. 1627-28, pp. 424, 425. 



181 

the proportion that was lodged there in the expedition to 
Gales *, to which purpose wee doe now write to the Deputie 
Lieutenants and Justices of the Peace in the same Countie, 
signifying his Majestie's pleasure in that behalfe. And so 
not doubting of your accustomed care and endeavors in 
the execution of this service. 

[See Cal. Dom. 1627-28, pp. 420, 428, Nov. 2, 10, 1627. 
For 12,000 men to be sent to the Isle de Rhe, see Ibid, p. 425, 
Nov. 6, 1627.] 

L. 303. Whitehall, Nov. 17, 1627. Letter from the 
Lords of the Council to the Mayor &c. : " After our 
verie heartie commendations. Whereas wee gave direction 
by our letters of the fourth of this moneth [L. 300] 
to the Commissioners for Soldiers at Plymouth to billet 
so manie of the twoo thousand soldiers lately leavyed, 
and appointed to have their Rendezvous at the said Towne of 
Plymouth as they shall thinke convenient to be billetted 
in that Cittie, wee have now thought fit to free the Cittie of 
the soldiers, but that you shall fournish such a summe 
of money weekely as will serve to satisfie for the billetting of 
one hundreth Soldiors, allowing each man three shillings 
six pence a weeke, during their stay in those parts, which wee 
require you to performe accordingly, ffor the payment 
whereof, out of his Majestie's Exchequer upon a iust account 
according to the precedents fo former tymes, wee have given 
order to our verie good Lords, the Lorde Treasurer and Master 
Chancellor of the Exchecqr. And for your better effecting 
of this service, wee doe hereby authorise and require you to 
Lea vie the monies for the same, in as equall a maner as possible 
you can, according to the severall abilities of the Cittizens, 
to the ende there may be no iust cause of complaint. And 
so wee bid you heartely farewell. 

L. 304. Whitehall, Nov. 17, 1627. Copy of a letter from 
the Lords of the Council to the Commissioners for soldiers at 
Plymouth: "Whereas by our Letters of the fourth of this moneth 
there was direccions given to have some of the Soldyors that were 
last sent to Plymouth to be billetted in the Cittie of Exeter, 
which Order and coursse there is now occasion to change, 
and for that ye Cittie of Exeter have alleaged unto us by 
their Peticion many inconveniences that may thereby growe 
unto the Cittie, Besides that it hath not beene a thing required 
heretofore, and doe show a readinesse to contribute with 
those Countyes of Devon and Cornwall, a proportion reason- 
able towards ye said charge respectively, so long as the twoo 
thousand soldyors shall remayne there, we thinke fit for 
diverse respects to have that Cittie kept free, and if anie 
soldyors be alreadie placed there these are now to be forthwith 
billeted els where in the Countie of Devon, and the Cittie to 

* i.e. Cadiz, see page 174. 



182 

allow after the proporcion for the dyet of one hundreth men, 
vizt., to each man three shillings 6d. by the weeke : And so 
expecting your carefull performance of these our direccions, 
wee bid you heartily farewell." 

A note on the back says that the solicitors for Exeter yielded 
" because the souldiers were then on that Cittie and could 
not otherwise be removed," and " insteede of 100 ordered by 
the Lords the Commissoners placed 160." 

L. 305. Whitehall, Nov. 21, 1627. Copy of an order 
from the Lords of the Council : " Whereas the Erie 
of Bedford, his Majestie's Lieutenant in ye Countie 
of Devon, did this day move the Boarde for the 
Easing of that Countie, from the great burthen which it 
hath and doth sustaine, by the billetting of Soldiers in regarde 
that the Towne of Plymouth, hath beene the place of 
Rendez-vous for those supplies and Recruts that were leavyed 
for the renforcing of his Majestie's Army while it was in the 
Isle of Rets, and lykewise the greater parte of the said Army 
being retourned did arrive there. It was declared and so 
ordered by their Lordshipps, that a present coursse shalbee 
taken for the easing of the said Countie and lykewise City of 
Exceter by removing the said Army, excepting those who 
are not for the present able to remove by reason of their 
sicknesse, and that when they shalbe able to march, they 
shall then repaire to their Colors, and in the meane tyme be 
allowed weekely, after the rate of three shillings six pence 
a man." 

L. 307. Nov. 29, 1627. Copy of a letter from the Lords 
of the Council to the Commissioners for Soldiers at 
Plymouth : 

" Whereas it is his Majestie's pleasure that the forces which 
are nowe there shalbe removed thence with all expedicion 
to be disposed and lodged in such manner as may be most con- 
venient for his Majestie's service, wee doe therefore hereby will 
and require you to take present and effectual order for the sending 
of them to the several! Counties mencioned in the liste which 
you shall receive herewith and to noe other to be equallie 
billitted there. And to the end that this may be done with 
the most convenience for the Souldiers and ease of the 
Countries (sic) to prevent the over burtheninge of anie one 
place att one tyme you are to cause the said forces to march 
by severall wayes. But before they sett forward on their 
March wee require you to take an exact veue of the strength 
of everie Companie and thereuppon to ffill upp the broken 
Companies out of the Recreuts to the Commissioners at 
Portsmouth, to be disposed of by them in like manner for 
the re-enforcing of the broken Companies which landed there. 
And thus expecting your carefull and exacte performance 
of these our direccions wee, &c. 



183 

The list of the Counties : Berks, Kent, Somerset, Wiltes, 
Dorset, Surrie, Ginq Ports.* 

In L. 308, Dec. 12, 1627, is an Order in Council to the 
Chamber: " fforeasmuch as his Majestic hath byn informed 
that diverse outrages and disorders have byn latelie com- 
mitted in the Cittie and Countie of Exeter by the Souldiers 
that are billetted in those parts, and that the said Cittie is 
the Comon throughfare and passage for the souldiers to and 
from Plymouth and other the western parts, ffor the punishing 
of those and prevencion of the like mischiefs and inconveniences 
hereafter, It is his Majestie's pleasure that Mr. Attornie Generall 
shall make readie a Commission for Marshall Law within the 
said Cittie and Countie of Exeter fitt for his Majestie's signa- 
ture to be directed unto such persons as the Earle of Bedford, 
Lord Leivtenant of the Cittie and Countie shall nominate (?)or 
send unto hym." Endorsed in Samuel Izack's handwriting : 
"A Coppie of the order for Marshall Law which I found in 
Mr. Attornie 's Chamber." 

In L. 309, Whitehall, Dec. 17, 1627, the Lords of the Council 
write to the Commissioners for Souldiers at Plymouth : 
"Whereas you were directed by our letters of the 17th of 
November last [L. 304] that if anie Soldiers were then Billitted 
in the Cittie of Exon. you should forthwith remove them 
from thence, and place them in the Countie of Devon, which 
nevertheless you have hetherto neglected to doe, to the great 
preiudice of the said Cittie, as by the iterate complaints 
thereof, wee are given to understand. And whereas by our 
later letters of the 29th of the moneth aforesaid [L. 307], 
wee gave order for the removeing of all the fforces in the 
Countie of Devon and Cornwall (amongst which those of 
Exon. were intended to be included) into some other Counties. 
And his Majestie hath ben gratiously pleased to allow 1,OOOZ*. 
for the furnishing of the said Soldiers, with hose, shooes and 
conduct money to carry them to the Countries (sic) where 
they are to be quartered. These shall be therefore to will 
and require you forthwith to take alike Course, with the 
Soldiers billetted in the said Cittie, as you are to doe with 
the rest of the fforces, according to our former direccions given 
unto you in that behalfe to the end the said Cittie may have 
no further cause to Complaine. And so, &c. 

In L. 301 (undated) is a note of "The charge of the billetting 
of 160 souldiers in the Cittie of Exon who came thither the 
Sixth day of Nov., 1627." The cost amounts to 1021. 2s. 3d., 
viz. : 

I s. d. 
i.e. 6 days at 8d. per day for everie man . . 32 00 00 

* See Gal. Dom. 1627-28, p. 451, where the total number of the soldiers 
is given as 6,000. For protest from Surrey, Dec. 7, 1627, see Ibid, p. 460. 



184 

I. s. d. 

For Cloth lyninge and making of 15 Coates 

for souldiers newlie imprest in the Gttie . . 09 11 03 

For the Charges of divers sicke souldiers 
which retourned sick to this Cittie and were 
here cured or buried p'ut.. .. .. 05 11 00 

23rd Dec., 1627. For conduct monie, hose 
and shooes uppon the removall of the said 
160 Souldiers out of the Cittie 55 00 00 



102 02 03 

The account is incomplete, and a footnote gives 
52?. 10s. Qd., 174Z. 18s. 3d., 102?. 2s. 3d., totalled as 
328?. 105. 6c?., which should be 329?. 105. 6d. 

L. 302 (undated). A noat of such moneys as hath bene 
paied out by James White for the billitinge of the Souldiers : 

L s. d. 

Nov., 1627. (1) paied the Captaines and 
ther Sargents for tow weeks, begininge 
this daye and endinge the 25th of this 
mouneth 071 09 00 

(2) Mo r paied the Constabells of the 
seavrall quarters of the Citie for 4 weeks 
from this daye which ended the 23rd of 
December at noune . . . . .. 101 00 03 

(3) Mo r paied for the diet of Sicke 
Souldyers by thapointment of the Right 
Worship Mr. John Ackland, Mayor, which 
Remained in the Citie after the Rest wear 

gone away 002 09 00 

174 18 3 



The Petition of Right. 

L. 313. A written copy hi English of the Petition of Right 
[presented May 10, 1628, in the Parliament 3 Charles L, 
(March 17, 1628, to March 10, 1629), in which the Members 
for Exeter were Ignatius Jurdaine, Esquire, and John Lynne, 
gent.]. 

The text corresponds with that given in Rymer, vni, ii, 254 
(from the Close Roll) ; Parliamentary History, ii., 374 ; and 
Hume viii, 381, with a few slight alterations and some 
omissions. E.g. " An oath not warrantable by the Lawes or 
Statuts of this Realme," hi Rymer, line 28 becomes "an un- 
lawful oath"; "without beinge charged with any Thinge to 
which they might make Answeare accordinge to the Law " 
(Rymer, I. 58)=" without beinge charged to answere by dew 
process of law " ; "in Annes," Rymer, I. 86=" in armyes." 



185 

The following passages in Rymer are omitted altogether : 
" either by the Customes of the said Realme or by Acts of 
Parliament. And whereas noe offender of what kind soever 
is exempted from the Proceedings to be used and Punishments 
to be inflicted by the Lawesand Statutes of this your Realme " 
(Rymer, 1. 73) ; " or deteynd " (Rymer, I. 109) ; " and that 
your People may not be soe burthened in the tyme to come " 
(Rymer, Z. Ill); "to any Person or Persons whatsoever, to 
be executed " (Rymer, I. 114). 

The following passage occurs at the end, which is not found 
in Rymer 's text : " Wee humbly present this peticion to 
your Majestie not only with a care of preserving our owne 
liberties, buth (sic) with due regard to leave intire your 
soveraigne power wherewith your Majestie is intrusted for 
the protecion safty and happines of your people." 

To this clause there is a side note : " The lords Addition. 
The which is now left out of the Petition as it is signed by 
the King's Majestie. This 7th of June, 1628." [See Gardiner, 
vi., 309; for charge that 1,500 copies of the Petition had been 
printed " with an Addition," see Parl. Hist, ii, 436 ; 
Hallam, Constitutional History, i, 391.] 

L. 315. A Copy of the Remonstrance presented to the 
King on June 17, 1628,* to the King beginning : " Most dread 
Soveraigne, As with humble thankfulness," &c. 

It occupies 24 pages and corresponds with the text given in 
Parl. Hist, ii, 420-427, with the following differences : 
p. 420. The Exeter copy reads : " Weakened, ympoverished, 
dishonoured and deserted " v. " impoverished and 
dishonored " ; inserts " and with Joyfulnes " after 
"all sincerity." 

p. 421. inserts " as much honor to your Majestie and acknow- 
ledgment of dutie " after " as much honour." 
inserts " altogether " before " unknown to you." 
inserts " and ministers " before " do behave them- 
selves." 

inserts " readie and " before " gracious acceptation." 
p. 422. omits "lately" before "conferred upon them." 

reads " great " for " extreme " before " scandal and 

grief." 
omits " their numbers, power, and insolency daily 

increasing in all parts of your Kingdom." 
inserts " unhappie " before "opportunities." 
p. 423. reads " impression " for " imprinting." 

reads " disp'age " (i.e. disparage) for "depress." 
p. 424. reads " strange " for " strong " before " co- 
operating." 

adds " round " after " compass." 
adds " pyously" before " to remember." 

* Gal. Dom. 1628-29, p. 166; Commons Journal i, 911 ; Parl. Hist, ii, 
420-427. 



186 

omits " fear of " before " innovation." 
inserts " the number " before " of those soldiers." 
inserts " ymployed or " before " dismissed." 
omits " other " before " foreign employment." 
p. 425. adds " for this place " after " to be levied." 

reads " had been made over for that purpose that " v. 

" to be fined for that purpose gave us just cause of 

fear and." 
reads " al waves pernicious to any state " v. " pernicious 

to most States." 

inserts " the mischief of such " before " courses." 
inserts " concerninge the under myninge of Religion " 

before " tending." 
reads " for generall at land " v. "to be general of 

the army in the land." 
reads " approchinge "for " apparent " before " change 

of government." 
adds " and fallinge downe at your feate to beseech 

you to hearken to the voyce of all your people " 

before " who if you could have." 
reads " Cales " for " Cadiz." [Cf. page 181.] 
omits "extremely" before "wasted." 
p. 426. reads " some thousand " for " 6 or 7,000." 
reads " your fortes " for " the forts." 
reads " that proportion " for " the proportion." 
reads " xxxvi last " for " 6 lasts." 
reads "fourth" for "14th." 
inserts " in Parliament " after " contract made." 
reads " Burlamacke " v. " Burlemachi."* 
inserts " of your owne " before " by one third." 
reads " strange " for " fearful." 
omits " by any other means " before " have been 

here." 

omits " amongst many " after " one reason." 
p. 427. omits " narrow " before " seas." 

adds " hi haveinge the absolute commande of the 

seas " after " consisted." 
inserts " beat " before " rob." 
reads " perceave " for " conceive." 
omits " and as it is not safe " before " so sure we are." 
reads " maynteyne " for " manage." 
omits "your most princely" before "consideration." 
It contains also the " kalendar of particulars " presented 
to the King for his perusal with the Remonstrance [see Parl. 
Hist, ii, 426], which is headed : - 

" A Kalender or Schedule of the Shippinge of this King- 
dome which have beene taken by the enemie or loste 

by Shipwracke within 3 yeares laste paste," and 

gives the following particulars : 

* t.e. Philip Burlamachi, Victualler of the Navy for the relief of 
La Rochelle. Cal. Pat. 1628-29, pp. 67, 97, 127, 149, 156. 



187 

Taken by the 77 Shipps of 100 These Ships and 
Enemie . . Tunns Burthen there furniture 



and upward. 
Caste away.. 133 do. do. 



Taken and 

caste away. 60 



do. do. 
260 summa. 



valued at 
do. do. 

do. do. 



620,000ft. 
100,000ft. 

350,000ft. 



Taken by the Shippinge under Noe value certifyed. 

Enemie . . 130 100 Tunns. 

together with the names of the Townes and parts to 
which they belonged, Exeter appearing in both groups. 

A note of the Shipps of the Burthen of 100 Tuns and 
upwards which appertayned to the severall ports after 
mencioned in Anno 1628, Together with the Numbers of 
what have been taken and loste.* 



Seamen imployed Taken and 
in them. cast awaye. 



London 


190 


5800 


94 


Ipswich and 








Harewich . . 


110 


1320 


52 


Woodbridge . . 


19 


228 


08 


Albrough 


22 


264 


12 


Yarmouth 


44 


528 


21 


Hull .. 


60 


600 


18 


Newcastle 


40 


48 (sic) 


21 


Dover and 








Sandwich . . 


27 


432 


2 



of 42 



of 

of 10 
of 11 



Tunnage 
Tuna. 

7020 



1370 
620 
2980 
1270 
1630 



512 



2 (sic) of 19 2770 
17,660 



L. 314. A written copy of the King's Speech, beginning : 
" It may seem strange &c." [delivered June 26, 1628, but 
endorsed " June 16, 1628," in reply to the Remonstrance of 
the Commons [L. 315]. It is printed in Lords Journ. iii, 879 ; 
Commons Journ. i., 919 ; Parl. Hist, ii, 434 ; Gardiner vi, 
324.] 

The following verbal differences occur in the text as com- 
pared with that in the Lords Journal, iii, 879. 

Par. i. " It is known to every man " v. " everyone." 

Par. iii. omits " that even " before " the House of 
Commons" ; reads " false construction " v. " constructions " ; 
omits " might " before " be worse " ; reads " handlinge" v. 
" hammering " ; " trench " v. " entrench " ; omits " saying " 



* For a list from Poole, May 6, 1628, see Cal. Dom. 1628-29, p. 103. 



188 

before " they had neither " ; reads " intent " v. " intention "; 
" liberty " v. " liberties " ; omits " and " before " in the 
time to come." 

Par. iv. reads " neither meant by me I am sure " v. " never 
meant I am sure by me." 

Par. v. reads " the petition " v. " your petition " ; " of 
the laws " v. "of laws " ; " House of Parliament " v. " House 
of Commons." 

In the same document is given " Dr. Mannering's Sub- 
mission, the 21 June, 1628," beginning : " May it please this 
house." The text corresponds with that given in Commons 
Journal i, 916 ; Parl. Hist, ii, 430, with the following 
differences : Omits " the Church " after " this house " and 
" adjudged to be " before " reflected." 

John Lynne. 

L. 318. From my house in Chancery Lane, Feb. 2, 1628-9. 
John Finch, Speaker [of the House of Commons] writes to 
the Mayor, John Lynn, Esquire, [called gent, in Return ParL, 
i, 475, where he is one of the M.P.'s for Exeter in 1628-9] : 

"After my heartie comendacions. Whereas severall 
mocions have been made in the House of Commons for sparing 
your attendance and service there in regarde you are sithens 
the last Session of Parliament elected Maior of the Cittie of 
Exeter, whereby your presence there wilbe of greate use 
for the governement of that Cittie, the House hath resolved 
that your particuler service there must give place to the 
generall service of the Comon Wealth in the said House of 
Commons whereof before you are soe elected Maior you 
were and still continue a member. And therefore I am directed 
by the said House to give you knowledge of such the resolucion 
thereof and to require you forthwith to come upp and attend 
the service there. Wherein having observed the direccion 
of the house and not doubting of your conformity thereunto, 
I rest, your loving freind, 

Jo. Finch, Speaker."* 

Payment of Members. 

L. 319. " Jovis, 5 ffebr. 4 Carol R [1629]. The Commons 
house of Parliament was this daye informed that the Committee 
for eleccions, returns and privilege uppon the referrence unto 
them from the house to consider of the deteyneing of the wages 
of Mr. Jorden, one of the Cittizens of the Cittie of Exeter, 
have resolved to send for twoe Aldermen of the said Cittie 
to appeare before the said Committee. Whereas there are 
some other Aldermen of the said Cittye and the Towne Clark 
thereof now here. Whereuppon it is ordered by the said 
House of Comons that such of the said Aldermen as be now 
here together with the Towne Clark shall attend the said 

* The signature ia an original autograph. 



189 

Committee and that the sending for the said twoe other 
Aldermen shalbe stayed. 

Jo. Brighte." 

On the fly-sheet are the following notes in the hand-writing 
of the Town Clerk, Samuel Izacke : 

"Mr. Ignatius Jurdain, con. Maior Ballivos et civitatem 
Civit (Exon.) Three obiections p'ut per ordinem. 

1. For discontentment the magistrates refuse to allow 

Mr. Jurdain his wage. 

2. That lands be given for that purpose. 

3. That his fellow Cittizen is allowed his wage. 
They must be all aunsweared negativllie. 

To the first : 

It is to be proved that longe before the begyning of this 
Parliamente* it was agreed by the Maior and Common 
Counsell of the said Cittie (who have the orderinge 
of the Revenue there) that the wage of Parliament 
shoulde be paid by the Comons accordinge to lawe, 
which was made noe more against Mr. Jurdaine than 
anie other. 

That this agreemente was made uppon consideracion 
of the decaying of the Cittie 's Revenue, by there Haven 
rents and Pettie Customes and their beinge in debte. 
That there hath byn noe treatie of wage due but some- 
tymes more sometyme (sic) less and sometyme little 
or nothing. 
The second : 

That a little mannor of viZ. rent and onlie x tenements 
about 100 years since was given for paymente of the 
ffee farme rent (50?. p. Ann.) and other uses which 
being superstitious, were forfeyted and that mannor 
afterwards purchased againe for a valuable considera- 
cion. 
The third : 

That Mr. Lynne (now Maior) being Mr. Jurdaine's fellow 
Cittizen, is neither paid, promised nor allowed of anie 
wage, but is answeared as Mr. Jurdaine. 
That the Common Counsell of the Cittie have offered to 
pay Mr. Jurdaine 20, 30 and 40s. apeece towards his wage 
out of their loves unto hym and that its desired the wage 
may be paid by lawe &c." 

The document contains also an extract from Stat. 23, H. VI, 
11., cap. 10. See Stat. ii, 336. 

For 18/. 5s. Qd. paid to Mr. Ignatius Jurdaine on July 26, 
1625, for his fees and expenses in Parliament (i.e. at West- 
minster from May 17, 1625) and 51. 16s. Qd. paid Oct. 4, 1625, 
for the adjourned meeting at Oxford, Aug. 1. to Aug. 12, 
1625 (Col. Dom. 1625-26, p. 59; Gardiner v, 397-432) see 
Oliver, 246, from Receiver's Accounts. 

* From March 17, 1628, to March 10, 1629, in which T. Jurdayne and Joh 
Lynne were M.P.'s for Exeter. 



190 

A Proclamation. 

In L. 321, March 31, 1629, the Lords of the Council com- 
mand the Mayor and the rest of his Majesty's officers in 
Exeter to be aiding and assisting to the officers of the 
Customs in the Port of Exeter, "in all things wherein they 
shall require your helpe in case of any opposition that may be 
made by anie refractorie Persons in regard to a proclamation 
recently sent to them." 

George Blackall. 

L. 322. Whitehall, Feb. 12, 1629-30. A certificate from 
the Earl of Montgomery [i.e. Philip Herbert, Lord Chamber- 
lain] that Mr. George Blackall is a servant of the King and 
a sworn esquire of his Majesty's Body.* 

The Peace of Susa. 

L. 323. July 11, 1629. J. Okehampton [i.e. John Mohun 
of Boconnoc, Cornwall, created Baron Mohun of Okehampton, 
April 15, 1628. Comp. Peer, v 322], Sir Bernard Grenville 
[of Tresmore, near Launceston, Deputy Lieutenant of Cornwall]! 
and Sir William Corey [of Trebigh, Cornwall] inform the 
Mayor of Plymouth that they have received letters from the 
Council that ambassadors J " now goeing over into ffraunce " 
have orders to "deale effectually for the restitution of any 
the ships or goods taken by the French and for the reparacion 
of the dammage by them donne . " And all who have complaints 
are to inform the said ambassadors of them through their 
Factors or Agents. The Mayor of Plymouth is to signify 
this to the Mayor of Bristol (sic) and to the town of Dartmouth 
and other ports in Devon. 

In L. 324, Plymouth, July 17, 1629, the Mayor of Plymouth, 
Nicholas Sherwill forwards L. 323 to the Mayor of Exeter 
desiring him to make it known to the merchants of his parts. 

Nicholas Spicer's Letters. 

L. 327. London, Sept. 5, 1629. Nicholas Spicer|| writes 
to the Mayor. The letter is headed " Emanuelle " and 
endorsed : " Mr. R. Spicer from London aboute the obteyninge 
of shippes to gaurde the Westerne Coasts." 

* For letters of marque issued to him, Jan. 26, 1629, as part owner of 
the ship Hopewell of Topsham, see Cal. Dom. 1629-31, p. 151. For a letter 
from him referring to English merchants at Bordeaux in 1629, see Ibid, 
p. 148. 

t Cal. Dom. 1629-31, pp. 15, 20, 80, July 19, 27, 1629. 

j i.e. Sir Thomas Edmondes, Cal. Dom. 1628-29, pp. 570, 571, 677, 584, 
June 8, 9, 14, 20, 1629. 

i.e. After the treaty signed at Susa, April 14, 1629 Rymer. vra, iii, 39, 
62 ; Gardiner vii, 100. 

|| A bailiff in 1611, 1623. For his letters, dated Exeter, Aug. 29, Oct. 19, 
1629, to Edward Nicholas, Secretary to the Admiralty, see Cal. Dom. 1629-31, 
pp. 44, 80. For portrait of his father, Nicholas Spicer, see Oliver, 221. 
Also his gift to the city, March 3, 1609 see Report on Charities, 243. 



191 

" Worshipful, 

Maye yt please you to take notice of ye receipt of yours 
of ye 29 ultimo,* since which tyme I have hade conference 
with my friends and also with ye Secratorye of State, whoe is 
alsoe Secratorye to ye Commissioners for ye Admirall unto 
whome I made knowen our grievance and withall what I 
Intended as to petishi[oning his] Majestie and ye Lords, but 
they weare of A Contrarye Judgment, but rather advised 
me . . . your Letter to ye Lord High Steward,! whoe is 
one of ye Commissioners, Intreating direction therein, for 
if ye Kinge should bee pitissioned befor they weare acquainted] 
with our geievances, consideringe yt doth concerne them, 
offence might .... Ye Kinge is att Winsore with all 
ye Lords and tomorrow ther is great feast [ ] taketh 

his oth for conferminge the peace with france. A Mundaye 
th[ ] for London, wher I will attend God willinge ye 

deliveringe of ye Letter [ ] the Commissioners sitts 

aboute the navye, whom I purpose to petission [ ] the 

Kinge and Queene Commeth to Whitehall A Tusdaye alsoe 
but f or 3 [ ] my Indevors shall not wante for ye accom 

plishment of all our desires. [ ] in the River of teames 

tow of ye King's shipps reddye and one of ye whealps [ ] 
the Lyon and ye adventure ther marriners being Abord 
for newes. The Dreadnett,% a shipp of ye King's, burden 
800 tuns with 46 pah* of ordnaunce, is reddye to depart for 
Spayne in whom goeth Sir ffrances Cockkington, Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, with divers others, and yt is reported yt 
heer commeth Don Christofore Cullombo, || ye governor of 
Cambree. A speedye peace is expected.^ Doctor Ma we,** 
ye bisshop of bath and wells, is deade. Doctor Laude, bisshop 
of London [i.e. since July 11, 1629] verri sicke and smale 
hopes of his recoverri. This daye I red a Commission [ ] 

by his Majestie to Richard Lord Weston, Lord Treasurer of 
Ingland, Robart [ ], sieft Lord Great Chamberlynne 

of Ingland, with the Earell of penbrooke, Lord high Stuarde, 
Edward [i.e. Sackville], Earell of dorsett, Lord Chamberlyne 
to ye Queene, Lord Vicunt dor Chester, secratory of Estate, 
Sir John Cooke, Another Secratorie, which Commission tendeth 

* See Gal. Dom. 1629-31, p. 44. 

f i.e. the Earl of Pembroke. See p. 77. 

j The Dreadnought was at Flushing on Sept. 12, 1629, at Dover Sept. 17, 
in the Downs Sept. 20, and at Portsmouth Sept. 30, whence she sailed with 
Sir Francis Cottington on board on Nov. 4, 1629. Gal. Dom. 1629-31, pp. 57, 
59, 61, 68, 88. 

i.e. Cottington, see L. 328. For his expenses as Ambassador to Spain 
from July 1, 1629, (commission prepared Oct. 1, 1629), see Gal. Dom. 1629-31, 
pp. 67, 99. 

|| (?) Don Carlos de Coloma, who arrived in the Downs from Dunkirk 
Dec. 27, 1629, Ibid, p. 126, and had audience at Whitehall, Jan. 6, 1630, 
Ibid, p. 133. 

If i.e. with Spain. A treaty was signed at Madrid, Nov. 5, 1630 Gardiner, 
vii, 175. 

** i.e. Leonard Mawe, d. Sept. 2, 1629. 

t| i.e, Robert Bertie, Earl of Lindsey. 



192 

for the suppressinge of piratts as alsoe to graunte by vertue 
of the same other Commissions by all, or other three of them. 
Letters from Amsterdame signify that the Flemand hath 
taken the outer courses of the burse * and supposed [ ] 

the towne will be rendered. Not else att present, prayinge 
God to give a gr[acious] end to my proseedings, desiringe mi 
commendations to bee remembrede to Sir [John] Ackland, I 
commyte you both with your affarres to ye protextion of ye 
Almightie, in whom I ende and reste, yours to be com- 
maunded, 

Nicholas Spicer. 

L. 328. London, Sept. 8, 1629. Nicholas Spicer writes 
to the Mayor : 

"Worshipfull, 

Maye it please you to take notice of a former (sic) written 
per our carrier of ye 5th of this present, to which I reffer you. 
Since which tyme I have deliver (sic) ye Lord Stuard ye 
Letter whome I found willinge to doe ye Cittie any service, 
but my Lord Tresurer was some thinge quicke att firste, but 
after more milder. I have obtained one shippe of ye king's 
[i.e. the Convertive'f] and twoo whealpes [i.e. whelps] for our 
parts tomorrowe I will hand the Letters and warrant to 
keepe about the Starte and torbaye because of our St. Mallos 
[S. Malo] and Morlis [i.e. Morlaix] barks. For the passage 
of the bussies I reffer to my verball relation (God sending 
me well home). For newes [i.e. newsletter, Col. Dom., 
1629-31, p. 98 see p. 220] yt is credblely reported ye Burse 
(see L. 327) is renderrd upon Composission of departure with 
bagge and baggas for upon intretie the Prince of Orrange 
gave them quarter. There was a fleete of ffrench in ye River 
of Rone [the Seine] and at Deep [Dieppe] since ye peace 
[April 14, 1629, see L. 323, page 190] was proclamed, and went 
for St. Christopher's Island [i.e. St. Kitts, Leeward Islands], 
and hath taken all the Inglish shipps ther, some saye but 
5 shipps, and hath slayen all the men abord ye said ships. 
Wher they have taken ye Island yt is not certayne.J The 
Kinge much moved att yt, as I shall relate unto you. The 
Spanish Imbassador [i.e. Coloma, see L. 327] is att Brissells, 
as I understand by good advise and as soone as Sir Frances 
Cottington [see L. 327] is gone hee is expected ; soe as I hope 



* i.e. the Bosche or O'Bosch i.e. Herzogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc), which was 
captured by Frederic Henry, Prince of Orange, the news of the surrender 
reaching England via Flushing before Sep. 12, 1629, Col. Dom. 1629-31, 
p. 57 ; Gardiner vii, 170. 

t Her captain, Sir Thomas Button, captured the St. John of Dunkirk 
before Sept. 17, 1629, Gal. Dom. 1629-31, p. 69. On Oct. 10, 1629, she 
was at Bristol, and on Nov. 19th and 23rd at Kinsale. Ibid, pp. 75, 101, 
104. 

J It was really captured by the Spaniards, circ. Sept. 15, 1629. Gal. Dom. 
1629-31, pp. 88, 93, 98. 

He was still at Brussels Nov. 4, 1 629. Ibid, p. 89. 



193 

henceforth wee shall not need to feare the Dunckartts.* 
I knowe not what else to Inlarge, untill I see you ; in the 
meane tyme I shall Indevor the effectinge of my Commenc- 
ment doe end and reste yours to bee commanded, 

Nicholas Spicer." 

The Crossings, 

L. 330. Whitehall, November, 1629. The Lords of the 
Council write to the Mayor: "After our hearty com- 
mendations. Wee have received information that certaine 
reprisall goods of greate value belonging to his Maj- 
estie have lately bene landed out of twoo reprisall ships 
in Guernsey or elsewhere, and conveyed from ye knowledge 
of his Majestie's Officers and that [blank] Crassin being a 
passenger in one of the ships yt were taken, can give light 
or notice of the quantitie and qualitie of the saide goods ; wee 
have therefore thought fit to will and require to call the saide 
Crassin before you, and to examine him according to such 
Interrogatories as the bearer hereof, Charles Childe, gentleman, 
shall present unto you, for that purpose. Now if upon his 
answere he shall give you satisfaccion to ye saide Interrogatories 
you are then to retourne them unto us, by the saide bearer ; 
but if he shall refuse to make answere, or if you shall not 
finde that hee answereth according to ye full truth of his know- 
ledge, in that case you are to take bonde of him to appeare 
before us on the 25th of Januarie next. And so not douting " 
&c. Endorsed : " A letter from the Lords about the 
examinacion of Philliph Crossinge touchinge reprisall goods." 

[For letters of marque issued to Thomas Crossing and 
others in the " Resolution " of Exeter, July 25, 1628, see 
Cal Dom. 1628-29, p. 308.] 

In L. 331, Whitehall, April 28, 1630, the Lords of the 
Council write to the Mayor : " After our heartie 
comendacions. Whereas we are given to understand 
that divers persons of the Company of Marchants [i.e. 
Adventurers] of that Citty, as namely Tho. Crossing 
[Mayor, 1624, 1637], Francis Crossing [Mayor, 1634 
see Cotton, Gleanings, 79] and John Taylor [Mayor, 1626], 
with other members of the said Company, doe to the 
great priudice of that Societie refuse to pay such small 
taxes as have by authoritie and by mutuall consent beene 
laid upon Marchandize that hath passed betwixt ffrance and 
that Citty, for defraying of the necessarie charges of the 
said Company, which taxes of late have beene more occacioned 
by reason of the ffrench Arreasts and especially by those 
vexacions of Matthieu and du Lawnie. We have therefore 
thought good hereby to authorize and require you as well 
to call the persons above named before you as all such others 

* i.e. The Dunkirkers, who were still thick about Torbay and the Channel, 
Oct. 19, Xov. 12, 1629 ; April 10, 1630. Cal. Dom. 1629-31, pp. 80, 93, 232. 

Wt. 20757- Ex 13 



194 

whom the Governor of the said Company shall complayne of 
unto you to have refused to pay the said Taxes and to cause 
them to make payment thereof and in case of theire refusall 
to give good Bond to appeare and answer the same before 
this Board. And soe we bid you hartely farewell." 

[This warrant is in response to a petition sent up by the 
Chamber on April 10, 1630, Cal. Dom. 1629-31, p. 232. For 
further trouble on this question, Jan. 18, 1634, see Cal. Dom. 
1633-34, p. 420.] 

In D. 428, March 1, 1642, is a lease to Thomas Crossinge, 
Alderman of Exeter, from Elizabeth Flaye, of a plot of ground 
next St. Paul's Street on the south, with his signature 
" Thomas Crossinge." 

Vintners of Exeter. 

L. 354. Star Chamber, Nov. 16, 1632. An Order in 
Council upon a petition dated the 20th of Oct., last [Cal. Dom. 
1631-33, p. 428], from the Chamber that "the vintners of that 
Cittie doe take excessive prices for their wines, more than 
is taken in any other part of ye Kingdome, although the saide 
Cittie is scituate near unto ye sea and fournished with wines 
at as reasonable rates as anie other place." They now order 
that wines shall be sold at Exeter by the same rates as in 
the City of London. 

In L. 355, Whitehall, Dec. 28, 1632, is an Order in Council 
setting the prices of wines for the year, viz., "Canary wines, 
Muscadells and Alligant in grosse at 16Z. the pipe and I2d. 
the quart by Retayle, Sacks and Mallegoes at 131. the butt 
and Qd. the quart. The best Gascoigne and French wines at 
18/. the Tonne, and ye Rochells and other small and thin 
wines at 151. the Tonne and 6d. the quart." [See also Comm. LX, 
page 9. For a proclamation (Feb. 18, 1633) to the same 
effect see Cal. Dom. 1631-33, p. 539.] 

In L. 97, Dec. 1, 1590, is a printed proclamation for the 
sale of wines, reciting Statute of June 8, 1536 (28 Henry VIII), 
the price not to exceed 151. per tun for best Gascoign and 
French wines and 131. for every "tunne of Rochel and other 
small and thinne wines." [There is also a bundle of Proclama- 
tions " in Press " the contents of which are not described 
in S. Moore's Calendar.] 

In L. 356, Jan. 18, 1632-33, is a provisional Order in Council 
on a petition of the vintners of Exeter, "his Majesty's tenants," 
against the Chamber respecting a new measure for wines, 
which the Chamber endeavoured to make the vintners use. 
Their Lordships " having received as well the Standard 
measure of the Exchequer as that kept in the Guildhall of 
London, and finding this difference could not bee presentlie 
reconciled," order that in the meantime the vintners of Exeter, 



195 

who are his Majesty's Tenants and duelie pay his Majesties 
Rents and deserve rather to be cherished, are to sell by the 
sealed measures used in the City of London. 

Sale of Tobacco. 

L. 358. Whitehall, Aug. 31, 1633. The Lords of the 
Council write to the Mayor : " Whereas his Majestic to 
prevent the excesse of the use of tobacco and to set an order 
to those that regrate and sell or utter it by Retayle who 
observe noe reasonable rates or prizes nor take care that 
it be wholesome for men's bodyes that shall use it, hath of 
late caused us to direct letters to the Justices of peace of the 
severall Counties of the Realme and to the Cheife Officers of 
Cittyes and some of the Townes within the same, requiring 
them to certify in what places it might be fitt to suffer ye 
Retayling of Tobacco and how many to be licenced hi each 
of those places to use that trade." and the City of Exeter 
having made a return, the Lords send a schedule of the names 
of those who are to be licensed and order that no others be 
permitted to sell after the feast of Candlemas next. The list 
is missing. [For proclamations hi a similar sense, Oct. 13, 
1633, March 13, 1634, see Gal Dom. 1633-34, pp. 244, 500.] 

In D. 454, May 15, 1672, is a lease of a house adjoining 
St. Paul's Church from Elizabeth Flaye to George Payne, 
Tobaccocutter, of Exeter. 

Religious Destitution in the North. 

L. 359. Rose Castle, Oct. 10, 1633. The Bishop of Carlisle 
[i.e. Barnaby Potter] writes to the Mayor &c. : 

Right Worshipfull, 

My loving Salutations with all due respect remembered. 
The condition of the most of the people in these parts for 
want of the preaching of the Word of God is so wofull, their 
ignorance so grosse and palpable, that I am perswaded there 
is not a more necessarye Worke of Charity then to have a 
hand or to move a finger hi setting forewards such courses as 
may helpe to remove this heavye Judgment. Such as onely 
by Heare Say have taken notice of the calamitye of this Countrey 
in this kind have beene touched in conscience to contribute 
towardes the maintenance of some able minister to imploy 
his paynes here. In Northumberland (my neighbour Shiere) 
the Company of Mercers in London have not long since placed 
two Lecturers, one at Barwicke, and another at Hexam, and 
have settled upon eyther of them 80li. yearely out of Tythes 
thereabouts, which they have purchased for that purpose. 
In my diocese I found when I came one Lecturer onely maine- 
tayned by a private man (Mr. Packer), who allowes SOU. a 
yeare for his paynes. Since my coming there have two more 
beene sent, both of them very grave and godly men, maine- 
tayned partly by a Londoner, who allowes 50li, out of an 



196 

Impropriation he holds here, and partly by the benevolence 
of Dorchester and Lyme. Now my humble Suite and hearty 
Intreatye to you all and every one, is this that you wilbe 
pleased to turne your eyes of compassion towards this poore 
Countrey, and some way, as in your wisedomes you shall 
thinke fitt, contribute to their meanes of comfort for the 
salvation of their soules. All that are well minded amongst 
you I hope will according to their abilitye bring their freewill 
offering to so blessed a worke, and if out of your generall 
stock, eyther of the City, or any private Company, you wilbe 
pleased to impart somethinge to this purpose, many poore 
ignorant soules will have cause to blesse God for you, and 
God, I doubt not, will even for this Act of mercy, blesse 
and increase your store. I pray you pardon my boldnes, and 
to take this humble Suite of myne into your grave considera- 
tions, and so I will committ it to the prospering hand of him 
who is honoured by such workes of pietye. To his gracious 
protection I commend you all, and will ever rest, yours to 
be commaunded in the like Christian office, 

Bar : Carlile. 

Northernhay and Souiherrihay. 

L. 362. Exeter, May 31, 1634. Draft of a letter from 
the Chamber to Sir Humphrey Davenport, knight, Lord Chief 
Baron of the Exchequer, and Sir J. Denham, knight, a 
Baron of the Exchequer. 

"After our duties remembred. There hath byn a suite 
depending in his Majestic 's Court of Exchequer these 3 or 4 
yeres betweene his Majestie's Attorney Generall and this Cittie 
about the title of some waste lands adioyning to the walles 
of the same, which our predecessors have peaceablie enioyed 
these 300 or 400 yeres. This suite is prosecuted as wee are 
crediblie informed by some that hope to mak a purchase of 
it to themselves, and the better to accomplish their intend- 
ments doe presse a hearing this next Trinity terme. Wee 
doe not declyne the ordinary course of Justice, and this cause 
might have byn brought to hearing longe er this if they had 
soe pleased, but to be putt on noue soe suddenly as not to 
have x dayes notice thereof by our owne asents (wee beinge 
so remote our evidences in this Cittie, our Second Counsell 
or Solicitor not here in the Countrie), cannot be without 
greate preiudice to our cause and us alsoe. Wherefore wee 
earnestlie desire your Lordships' lawfull favour that wee 
may have such convenient notice of our adversaries's pro- 
ceedings as may be reasonable and agreeable to the wonted 
proceedings of that honourable Courte, for which courtesie 
wee shall rest, your Lordships' worshipps to be commanded. 

In Act Book VII, /. 1346, Aug. 12, 1617: That whereas 
Mr. Recorder did enforme the house this day that one 
Mr. Norden, an offycer to prynce Charles came unto hym 
and did make shewe of pretence to^ clayme to some ryghts 



or pryvyledges which the Cytye hath enioyed tyme out of 
mynd it is now agreed that Mr. Recorder shall confer with 
Mr. Norden* [see L. 226] and geve hym answere to hys 
demande or the next terme and to have such charters 
and other wrytyngs as may suffycyently furnyshe hym to 
answer the pretence. 

In Act Book VII, f. 1536, Aug. 11, 1618. Whereas one 
Mr. Norden, one of the prynce's surveyors, hath enformed 
Mr. Recorder of a clayme or interest which is pretended by 
the prynce unto parte of Northyghey, it is ordered that 
Mr. Recorder, Mr. Prouze and Mr. Martyn shall conferr with 
the said Mr. Norden concernynge the said clayme and to 
acquaynt themselves with the certeynty therof as neere as 
they may and to envyte hym to a dynner or sopper at the 
cost of the Cytye, and that Mr. ffley shall go to Sir George 
Smythe, who hath an estate in Northynghey in revercon 
of John Rowe to acquaynt hym with the said clayme. 

In Act Book VIII, f. 92, Oct. 20, 1639, is an entry. Whereas 
Mr. Maior hath latelie received a letter from the Prince his 
highnes commissioners touching the Ditch or waste in 
Northinghay against the Castle. It is this day agreed that 
Mr. Recorder and Mr. Thomas Roy, the Citties Solicitor, 
shalbe ymployed therein and to compound for that parte if 
Mr. Recorder may uppon reasonable termes rather then 
adventure to a sute in law for it. To which end the Town 
Clerk is ordered to draw a letter to Mr. Recorder to be sent 
away with all speede. 

. In Act Book VIII, f. 92a, Oct. 23, 1639. Whereas on 
Tuesday last, 15th instantis, uppon the reading of a letter 
from the Prince's Co unsell it was conceived best for the makeing 
of a composicon for the ditches of the Castle towards 
Northenghey in regard they affirmed in the said letter that 
the Cittie had disclaymed theer right to the said ditches, 
but uppon perusall of the bookes touching that buisnes it is 
founde otherwise and that it may be verie prejudiciall to the 
Cittie to make any such newe agreement. It is therefore 
thought fitt that a letter be written to Mr. Recorder to appeare 
for the Cittie before the said Counsell att the day and place 
appointed in the said letter to make defence for the Cittie 's 
right &c., whiche letter being drawne to that purpose and 
readd hi the presence of those nowe present, was well approved 
of. And it is likewise agreed that a letter be written to 
Mr. Thomas Roy, the Cittie 's Solicitor, nowe alsoe in London, 
to attend Mr. Recorder therein, and that the Cittie 's answere 
to the suite of his Majestie's Attorney in the Exchequer Chamber 
be sent to them, and one of the Breviatts of the Cause for their 
better instruccons in that buisnes which is done accordingly 
by Peter Morris, the carrier, 21 e instantis. 



For plan made by Norden in 1617, see Oliver, Frontispiece. 



198 

In Act Book XI, /. 29, May 9, 1665. That the trees newlie 
sett in Northinghay be watered and stakte at the charges 
of the Cittie ; also three members appointed and desired to 
viewe the bounds in Northinghay and by themselves and such 
others as they shall call to their assistance to asserten the 
Boundes and lymittes thereof with the landes of other men. 

In Act Book XI, f. 376, Oct. 24, 1665. That Mr. Receiver 
shall provide some more Elmes to be planted in Northinghay 
where any are decayed and in such other places there that 
may be thought fitting and necessarie for the good of the 
Cittie. 

Ibid, /. 376, Oct. 31, 1665. Mr. Alderman Gandye and 
two others are appointed to view the place in Northinghay 
desired by Mr. Receiver to build a house uppon and to certefye 
their opinions therein. 

Ibid, /. 69, Oct. 22, 1667. Mr. Receiver is ordered foorth- 
with to procure some young Elmes and cause them to be 
planted in Southenhay and likewise to supply the defects of 
those trees that be decayed in Northenhay with others, and 
he is further desired to fitt and repayre ye seats in St. Peter's 
Church which are appointed for ye use of this howse. 

In Act Book XIII, /. 1076, March 8. 1698, it is ordered 
that the Ditch at the lower end of Northinghay bee filled upp 
with Rubbish. [See Oliver, p. 189.] 

In L. 459 (undated, circa 1715), is a Petition of the Mayor &c. 
to the Prince of Wales [afterwards George II.]. That there 
are in the Castle Ditch two dwelling houses and gardens 
parcell of the Dutchy of Cornwall [see Oliver, 188] held of 
his Royall Highess, which are within the City or County of 
the City of Exon, as the houses and gardens adjoining called 
Bradninch are, and the said Mayor &c. have constantly 
annually in then* going the bounds of ye said City passd 
through those gardens home to ye wall of ye Citie of Exeter. 
The owners of these two Tenements and gardens to avoid 
payment of poor rates and Taxes, which other houses in 
Bradninch have constantly paid, pretend that these houses 
and gardens do lye hi the County of Devon and are parcell of 
the parish of Bradninch there, though they are really within 
the City or County of the City of Exeter, which hath occa- 
sioned severall disputes and controversies, as an expedient 
for the avoiding of which tis humbly proposed that the Mayor 
&c. shall become his Highness's Tenants and take an Estate 
and Term in each Tenement in reversion of the present 
Estates and Terms, and they desire that they may be admitted 
and become Crowne Tenants to his Royall Highess as is 
before exprest. 

Endorsed : Petition to the Prince about the houses in 
Castle Ditch. The document is undated, but must be later 
than Sept. 24, 1714, the date of the creation of the Prince of 
Wales. > 



199 

In D. 1828, Jan. 8, 1725, is a reference to "Lady Drake's 
Tree " in Northernhay Ditch. 

In L. 612 (undated) is a resolution of the Chamber in reply 
to a proposal submitted by Dean Lyttleton (1748-1763), in 
which "for the conuenience of the Devon and Exeter 
Hospital " they agreed to permitt a way to be opened through 
the City Wall at the bottom of the Street leading from 
St. Martin's Gate into Southernhay near the mansion of the 
Archdeacon of Cornwall, but they cannot consent that any 
new Door be erected as they are apprehensive such a com- 
pliance would be laying a Foundation for frequent Differences 
and Disputes between the two Bodies " (i.e. the Chapter 
and the Chamber). 

In L. 577, April 10, 1773, William Spicer Dix writes 
to Gregory Jackson, Esquire, desiring to be permitted to 
make an opening before his gateway upon Southernhay. 

In L. 578, Northernhay, April 15, 1773, Matthew Whitwell 
asks permission of the Mayor to turn his carriage upon the 
Northehay. 

In D. 1527, Oct. 10, 1562, is an indenture between the 
Mayor &c. of the one part and Sir Robert Denys, knight 
[see L. 54], and Richard Denys, gent., as farmers of the 
gayle or mansion house of Exeter Castle, of the other 
part, reciting that " there hath byn varyaunces, debates and 
stryfes movyd betweene the saide parties of for and upon a 
certayne muraly waye or walke uppon the walls of the saide 
cittie called the Barbycan with a weye through the mayn 
court and lytell inner court of the gayle of the Castell of 
Exeter or mansion house there to the same appertayning 
whiche the sayde Mayor, bailiffs and communaltie tyme oute 
of mynde have had exercised and used, that is to say as well 
to goo through the courte and curtillages pertayninge to 
the saide gayle or mansion house to the citie's walles lying 
betweene the Castell dyche of the saide citie on the north 
side and the gardens adjoynyng to the saide mansyon house 
and the saide mansion house on the west side and the dyche 
called Northynghay diche on the East side and the garden 
and barbygan of the citie leadyng towards Estgate on the 
South side for the mendyng, sustaynyng, repairyng and 
walkyng up and uppon the saide citie's walls when and as 
often as nede schall requyer for the overseith and surveying 
of the same walls or defence of the same citie. And also 
a gate or dore lawful and sufficyent to be had as it hath 
byn before this tyme used to goo into and by and passe 
through to and from the said gayle towards the Estgate 
uppon the walls called the barbygan of the said citie, and 
moreover for a certayn depe pytt lately made betweene the 
saide gaile and the said citie's walls wherein the fylth and 



200 

garbage of the prisoners of the said gayle hath of late tyme 
byn used to be caste, which is no we very dangerouse and 
hurtfull, as it is supposed to the subvertyng and decayinge 
of the citie's walles thereunto adjoynyng and also an odyouse 
smell and contagyouse ayer to the grevouse anoyaunce of 
the Quenes Majesties subjects of the saide citie passyng or 
dwellyng there aboutes, for the pacifying, agreement, full 
conclusion and fynall ende thereof the parties aforesaid do 
covenant and agree in the forme following : 

First as to the muraly walk the Denises permit the old 
way to be opened and used by the Mayor &c. as here- 
tofore, the Denises to keep in repair the wall of the 
city adjoining the said mansion house and garden. 
They will also keep a door upon the said barbycan 
on the south side of the said mansion house through 
which the Mayor &c. and other the inhabitants of 
the city may go at all times and will make a vault 
[see p. 17 la] or cesspool hi Northernhay ditch for the 
sewerage of the prison. "By me Rychard Denys." 
with two seals 1, Sir Richard Denys ; 2, " N.F." 

In D. 1755, Aug. 30, 1636, is a lease from the Mayor &c. 
to Edward Hilliar alias Blackmore, of Exeter, of the Cruldiche 
or Southernhay. 

In D. 1847, July 6, 1778, is a contract from the Chamber 
about the common sewer on Southernhay. 

For the Northernhay Minute Book from 1844, see Book 50. 

A Musician. 

L. 365. Sept. 12, 1634. Certificate from the Mayor [Henry 
Foster], the Recorder [John Baber] and Bartholomew Cox, 
J.P., of the City of Wells, as to the respectability of Henry 
Loxton of Wells, who desires to use his profession of a 
musician* in the City of Exeter. 

Supply of Gunpowder. 

L. 369. Aug. 17, 1637. The Lords of the Council command 
the Earl of Bedford and Lord William Russell [as Lord 
Lieutenants, see page 11] to cause a sufficient store of gun- 
powder to be kept in the County of Devon and to exercise the 
trained bands in those parts where the infection of the plague 
is not. [For a condensed copy of this order addressed by 
the Commissioners for Saltpetre and Gunpowder to the Lords 
Lieutenant of several counties, see Cal. Dom. 1637, p. 257, 
where the date is supposed to be June, 1637.] 

In L. 370. Woeborne, Aug. 24, 1637. The Earl of Bedford 
and Lord W. Russell forward L. 369 to the Chamber desiring 

* For the restoration of the musical waits in 1660, after many years of 
sequestration, see Izacke, 169 ; Cotton Gleanings, 75. 



201 

that its orders may be carried out, "to meete with the suddaine 
accidents that may happen in these stirring times abroade." 

In L. 371 (undated), the Chamber inform the Earl of Bedford 
and Lord W. Russell that they have received L. 370 and they 
have taken veiw of their common store of powder which about 
Two yeres since by your Lordships' assistance was fullie 
supplied, but since there hath byn some small quantitie 
of the worst of the said powder used in our ordin musters 
and otherwise, but that they " have taken speciall order 
for the speedie supplye of the same againe." 

In L. 377. Nov. 18, 1638. Copy of an order from the 
Lords of the Council to the Earl of Bedford and Lord W. 
Russell : 

After our heartie commendacions to your Lordships. The 
expresse and usuall direcions of the board heretofore given 
and especially of late yeares, concerning the Trayned 
Bands of this Kingdome, have bene so full and exact as might 
make his Majestic and this board Confident both of the 
sufficiencye of the Armes and of the skill and readines of the 
men that are to use them ; nevertheles least those direcions 
and Comands should not have bene so effectually pursued as 
was required and expected His Majestie in his watchfulmes 
for the defence of his Kingdome and for the safetie of his people 
in these tymes of Action, hath signified his expresse will and 
pleasure to be : That instantly upon receipt heereof you cause 
an exact viewe and Muster to be taken and made of all the 
Armes and trayned fforces both horse and foote within the 
Countye of Devon under your Lieutenancye And to see 
that the sayd Armes be serviceable and compleate, and that 
by the muster masters and other fitt and experienced officers 
you cause all the trayned souldiours to be forthwith trayned, 
and perfectly instructed in their Armes, and the lyke course 
to be continued from tyme to tyme : And that the Comaunders 
and Officers apply themselves also to knowe and performe the 
duties of their severall Charges ; and that you take especiall 
care that both Comaunders and Officers and Souldiers be 
very able and sufficient men ; That you take order that all 
the trayned bandes be so in readines as to be fitt to repayre 
to their Coulors, or place of Rendezvous which shalbe assigned 
them upon any Occasion with their Armes and provisions upon 
a day's warning, And that all the able men within that Countye 
(besydes those of the trayned Bands) from the age of Sixteene 
to Threescore be also lysted and enrolled, that upon anye 
suddayne occasion, suche levies may be made likewise of them 
as shalbe required, and the Coppie of the sayd Lyst or enroll- 
ment to be forthwith retourned to this Board. That you deale 
seriously and effectually with the better sorte of men to provide 
themselves with Armes for their particular use, to the ende 
that with the helpe of these and suche other Armes and weapons 
as shalbe found within the Countye, as many of the untrayned 



202 

men as is possible, may (as there shalbe occasion and direccon 
from his Majestie or the Boarde) be also furnished and exercised 
and reduced into Bands under Captains and Officers. That 
your Lordships take especiall Care, that the proporcions 
of Powder, Mache and lead appointed for that Countye be 
forthwith provided and putt in Magazine to be in readines 
upon all occasions of servyce ; That you cause the Beacons 
to be forthwith made up and repayred with provision of wood 
and other materiall requisite to be in readines to give fyer 
unto them, and to Cause them to be dilligently Wached by 
discreete and sufficient men ; That you appointe some meete 
and able person to be Provost Marshall within that Countye 
for the apprehending and punishing of suche vagrant and Idle 
persons as live not in anye lawfull vocation and in tymes of 
suspition or trouble, may by Tales and false Rumors distracte 
the peoples mindes, or otherwise in fact committ insolencies 
and Outrages ; And to the ende wee may be earlye and 
speedilie informed of all thinges Concerning this servyce, and 
which are necessarye for us to understand for the advancement 
thereof, and for the applijng of fitt remedies where anye defects 
shalbe found, wee do praye and require your Lordships to 
give us an exact accompt of the state of the fforces of that 
Countye, and of the performance of theise our direccions 
with all possible dilligence and expedicion ; And so wee bidd 
your lordships heartilie farewell. 

Where your Lordships shall find it inconvenient eyther in 
respect of the unstablenes of the wether or any other Con- 
siderable Circumstance to drawe together from remote places 
and to exercise your Trayned Bands in Compleate bodies, 
wee leave it to your discretion (provided that the worke be 
effectually donne) to take viewe of the Armes upon the place 
or places, and to exercise the men apart in smaller bodies 
within their severall divisions. 

L. 378. Bedford House, Nov. 27, 1638. The Earl of 
Bedford and Lord William Russell forward L. 377 to the May or 
and Deputy Lieutenants desiring them to carry out its com- 
mands in the City of Exeter. " And forasmuch as it hath 
pleased his Majestie, and their llordships at this time to give 
more than ordinarie direccions in this servyce so it behoveth 
us and you to bestow an extraordinarie dilligence, Care and 
Circumspeccion to see every particular title of their llordships 
commaunds, really, punctually and speedilye performed and 
acted." 

Rebels in Exeter. 

L. 372. May 19, 1638. John Newnam [not "Newman," 
as Cotton Gleanings, p. 79] writes to the Mayor : " I cannot 
Come home to my house nott to repayre my house, neither 
to receave my rents nor to releeve my wyfe and family for the 
Cruelty of these Rebells whoe are proclaimed soe to bee in 



203 

your Citty and in other places against his Majestie's lawes 
Soe desireing your worships assistance with the rest otherwise 
I shall be Constrayned to question it heere in a higher nature 
for my money and bondes beeinge Cryed in your Citty in 
due tyme is as a hue and Crye that is sent in the Countrey, 
therefore I doe expect satisfaccon for my money." 

Tobago. 

L. 373. The Court at Woodstock, Aug. 22, 1638. The 
Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery [High Steward of Exeter 
L. 367] writes to the Mayor &c. and the Merchant 
Adventurers of Exeter, that the King has granted him 
the Island of Tobago and other Islands between the line 
and ten degrees of Northern latitude,* that he intends to 
settle a speedy plantation there and has appointed Sergeant 
Major Borthwick his Deputy, " a Gent as I am very well advised 
beyond all Exception and every way fitt for such an Employ- 
ment, who being resolved by God's grace to sett forward from 
the port of Bristoll about Michaelmas next," and asking them 
to assist his said Deputy and to engage in the plantation. 

In L. 374, Bristol, Oct. 16, 1638, J. Borthwick writes to 
the Mayor &c. : 

I did writt some few dayes ago to you presuming too much 
to have accompanyed a letter of the Eight honble. the Earle of 
Pembroke (i.e. L. 373). My action hath bene interpreted 
too presumptuous by reason I have resaved no answer neither 
for my Lord nor to my owne. Every letter requyres it's 
answer and though I may Justly complaine of neglect, yett 
because I will rather do the office of peace then of warre I 
intreat you to lett mee heare from you betwixt (sic) and 
Sunday night that I may give a true account to his Lordship 
of my Stewardship, imputing the errour rather to a mistake 
then any disrespect either to his Lordship or my self. 

L. 375 (undated). " A Remonstrance and propositions made 
by Sarieant Maior James Borthwicke to the Burgesses and 
Commonaltye of the Cittie of Exeter." 

The region or Countrey is called " Trinidado, Tobago and 
ffonceca, also St. Bernards Margarita and all this Islands or 
Iseletts or Tracte of Land Lyinge within the extent of Tenn 
degrees from the Equatorial! Line Towardes the trophiche of 
Cancer in Northerne Latitude and from the river of Arinocth 
(? Orinoco) westwardes tenne degrees of Longitude or 
Meridian distance, all which are incorporated by the name 
of the Province of Pembroke and Montgomery." 

His propositions are either that the Mayor &c. of Exeter 
should join with the Cities of Bristol and Cardiff or else of 

* Oliver, 113. For a previous grant to him of "Trinidado, Tabago, 
Barbudos, and Fonseca, &c.," Feb. 20, 1628, see Cal. Dom., 1627-1628, 
p. 573, which was successfully disputed since 1629 in favour of Lord Carlisle. 
See C. P. Lucas, West Indies, pp. 174, 207. 



204 

themselves at their own cost " to sett forth under their own 
agent 100 men of trades as Carpenters, Shippwrights, and 
Wheelewrights, Brickemakers, Bricklayers, Potters, some to 
cleane lath and Pate and make Pipestanes, Joyners, Coopers, 
Sawyers, Smithes, Guttlers, Millers, Leatherdressers, ffisher- 
men and Gardeners etc., soe many as you please, the rest 
able labouringe men. 

Item, twentie woemen as Spinsters and Knitters, all which 
are necessariely Required for A Plantation that for there 
Subsistance there the adventurers shall have Graunted unto 
them by the Earl such a proportion of Land as shalbee reason- 
ably demaunded Accorduige to the Number of People. 

As for the comodities of the Place and there Returnes they 
shall bee discovered upon Conferringe had on Both Sides. 

L. 376 (undated). A Particuler of such necessary provisions 
as every adventurer must carry, According the number of 
people, together with an estimacion of there prices (given in 
minute detail). 

In victualls for tenn men six month : 

2 hoggesheads of beefe, 7 cwt. Bisquitte, 10 bushels of 
meale well packed, 4 hoggesheads of pease, 3 do. of 
great oatmeale, 2 ffirkins of butter, 10 gall, of aqua vitse, 

4 galls, of Cordiall waters, 4 do. of sweete oyle, 2 cwt. of 
good old Suffolke Cheese. Item, in sugar, spice and 
fruite. Total cost = [blank], 

In Apparell for 10 men : 

10 slight stuffe suites, 60 paire of shooes, 40 shirts, 10 finer 
shirts, 40 neckclothes, 60 paire of linine stockings, 
40 paire of canvas drawyers, 20 cotton wastcotes, 
20 menmoth caps or hats, 30 ffallemye bands. Item, 
mkle for garters and 10 dozen of poyntes. 

In Bedding for 10 men : 

10 paire of Canvas sheetes, 35 elles of canvas to make 

5 beds and boulsters for beds filled in the Countrey 
with 7 ells in a bed. 5 Ruggs, 25 ells of Cowche Canvas 
to make beds at sea to bee filled with strawe, 5 courser 
ruggs at sea. 

In Armes for 10 men : 

10 musketts and bandoleers, 10 swords and belts, 2 barrell 
of good powder, 2 cwt. of Pistoll shott, 1 cwt. of muskett 
shott, 1 cwt. of good match, 10 pistolls. 

In Tooles for 10 men : 

3 Broade axes, 20 fellinge axes, 2 hamers, 10 broade hoes, 
40 lesser hoes, 14 hatchetts, 20 bills, 4 pickaxes, 2 good 
two-handed sawes, 1 box of Carpenters tooles, 2 firkins 
of good spikes and nayles, 6 shovells, 6 spades, 1 grind- 
stone. Item, fishinge lines and hookes of all sorts. 
Item, Turtleinge Irons and Manatee Irons. 

In Household Implements : 

4 Iron potts, 2 large fryeingepans, 2gredirons, 3 skellitts, 
2 spitts, 1 cwt. of Castle sope, 6 gallons of larnpe oyle, 



205 

12 wooden dishes and spoones, 6 pewter do., and some 
table Linine. 

Summa totalis= 194:1. 17s. Qd. 

Item for the further charge of ordinance and amunition 
for a fort which will require five peeces of ordinance with 
powder and shott. The best proportioning of the number 
of men wilbe by devideinge them by famillies wherein one 
tradesman with a prentice and 3 Labourers will bee an equall 
devission unles they bee twoe tradesmen masters of one trade 
and then the double proportion of servants and labourers in 
the feild may make but one household or familie. 

A Compotacion of one Servants Laboure and the profitt 
that may arise by it yearelye. One man may plante and 
gather in one yeare 100 buschells of pease amounting to I5li. 
The same man the same yeare may plant, tend and gather 
betweene 8 and 10 cwt. of Tobaccoe or Cotton besides other 
labours in buildinge, fenceinge, Cleansinge of grounde, 
Rayseinge of Cattell, gardeninge &c. 

There are many other commodities as Ginger, Indigo, Sugar, 
Roccowes and severall woodes for dyeinge, all which com- 
modityes with tyme and Industry e this plantacion will 
plentifully and in abundance produce and Increase. 

Legacies for the Poor. 

L. 379. Coomroye [see page 5] in Broadclyst, Feb. 22, 
1638-39. Hugh Jermyn [or German bailiff in 1615] writes 
to the Mayor stating his inability to contribute towards the 
erecting of the hospital under his father's will, the bequest 
having been conditional and he himself being now poor. He 
pleads : ' ' My great chardge of Children ha vin g sea ven daught ers 
living and some whose education is very chardgable upon my 
small estaett, which I am to consider of, and myself greeved 
with a most paynfull chardgable and languishing Disease, 
also charity begiimeth at hoem, for hee is worse then an 
Infidell, that respecteth not his owne." 

In L. 402, June 8, 1648, is a draft resolution of the Chamber 
to accept 75Z. from Mr. George [see D. 569] Potter, one of the 
executors of Thomas Bridgman, gentleman, and his bond 
for the payment within 5 years of the residue of 500Z. left 
by the said Bridgman by his will dated April 3, 1641 [see Rept. 
on Charities, p. 304 ; Endowed Charities, p. 396], for the poor 
of Exeter. With a note at the foot by E. Davyes. 

In D. 1715a, April 4, 1611, is an indenture reciting a deed 
of March 6, 1588 [not 1587, as Report on Charities, p. 134], 
according to which 24s. p.a. is left under the will of David 
Hentsley [or Hensley] to be spent in the purchase of 24 dozen 
of " Temes breade " to be divided amongst the poor of 
Exeter. 

For description of the Charities of Exeter (1600-1622), 
see Book 149, 



206 

Contempt by Mayor. 

L. 381. Whitehall, April 26, 1639. An order in Council 
concerning the excuses of James Tucker, the Mayor, Thomas 
Crossing and Ignatius Jordan, Aldermen of Exeter, for 
not attending the Board as they were commanded. " The 
occasion of their sending for being their irreverent carriage 
with their hatts on in the Cathedrall Church of Exeter 
at such tymes as his Majesties Proclamation touching 
the seditious practizes of some in Scotland was read, the 
rest of the congregation being uncovered." [See Cotton, 
Gleanings, p. 76.] The Mayor has pleaded his many employ- 
ments in the King's service, the others their great age and 
Infirmities. They are now commanded through the 
Chamberlain, Mr. [John] Crowkhorne who attended on their 
behalf to give in their submissions in writing in person to the 
Bishop. [For explanations accepted May 12, 1639, see Gal. 
Dom., 1639, p. 160.] 

In D. 1764, 1765, Feb. 12, 1650, is a decree in the Exchequer 
from the Keepers of the Liberties of England to James Goold, 
late Mayor of Exeter [i.e. in 1648], remitting a fine of 200J. 
imposed upon him by Judge Wilde [i.e. John Wilde, Chief Baron 
of the Exchequer], for contempt in not attending the Judge 
at the Assizes.* 

Horse Meat. 

L. 383. July 27, 1640. " The rates and prizes of horse 
meate " fixed at the General Sessions of the Peace held in the 
Guildhall at Exeter on July 27, 1640. Oats, pease and beans 
are to be sold by Winchester measure by Innkeepers and Hostlers. 
They are not to charge more than Qd. per day for each horse 
standing at livery, finding also good litter. Oats are to be 
sold no higher than Qd. the peck. No more than 3d. is to be 
charged for a horse standing in the stable unbridled at hay. 
Nor more than Id!, for every horse standing in his stable if 
he be not unbridled. 

Siege of Exeter (1643). 

L. 391 includes a lengthy document (45 pages). A booke of 
accounts of the payment of Captaine Thomas fforde's Company 
raised May 23, 1643, viz., 100, 2 sariants, 1 Drummer, 1 Ensigne 
and the Clarke of the bande, also " to a Drummer er I had on 
of my owne," "to my drum to the 1st of June," "for dozen of 
vests and sixe belts," " mending, carrying and recarriing 
of Armes." 

Payments to the Company to the 23rd June for duty to 
that day, also from June 25 to July 22, giving names of 97 men 
3 corporals, 1 drum and 2 sergeants with amounts paid to each, 
the total amounting to 151. 11s. Qd., with an additional 

* See Isacke, 160. For Chief Baron Wilde's report from Exeter, aee 
Gal. J)om. 1649-50, p. 45, March 21, 1649, 



207 

28?. 16s. Qd. from July 20 to Aug. 5, 1643, including 61. for 
curinge two hurt souldiers ; 121. Os. Qd. p. 16?6. powder and 
14?6. bullets caste away in the fight and brought in by a 
souldier ; 21. 12s. Sd. for 8 muskets to suplie the Company ; 
91. for breade and beere when the Company fought at Mount 
Radford. 

On April 11, 1643, the Mayor and Deputy Lieutenants 
order that 150 muskets without any other furniture shall be 
spared to the Deputy Lieutenants of Devon to supply their 
present occasions, with these condicions : 

1. That we shall be paid 200?*. and odde monies within 
[blank] daies next coming for carriages and other munition 
delivered them and monies lent them ; and for this 
we expect a note under 3 of your Commissioners' hands. 

2. For these 150 muskets we demand either to be repaid 
with' ye like quantity within [blank] daies or in monie 
after the rate of [blank] p.'pt. 

For details of account, July 31, 1643, for 103?. 3s. 4d. paid 
by the Chamber for 1,077 men, with the names of the captains 
of the companies. 

Also the names of 42 soldiers of various companies remaining 
unpaid. 

Details of money received from the Deputy Lieutenants 
for various bands under dates June 22, 27, July 10, 14, 1643. 

Also payments made July 29, Aug. 5, 1643, with the names 
of soldiers to whom payments were made. 

Also payments made under the following heads : 

(a) Souldiers paie, 9,442?. 2s. 9c?., from Jan. 9 Aug. 29, 
1643 (much damaged), includes many Gunners, 1 
Engineer ; charges about the burial of 4 soldiers slayne 
in fight ; 31. bestowed uppon the widdowes of 3 soldiers 
slayne in service for Defence of the Citty (3?.); for 
ringing of the Great Bell for settinge of the watches 
(9d.) ; for the pay of the soldiers of the County of 
Devon (250?.) ; for service on the bridge ; for Assistinge 
the Gunners ; to a wounded Souldier (II.) ; Rewards 
given the Soldiers for their Extraordinary service upon 
a Sally at St. Thomas parish (61.) ; to Pyoneers for 
their service to fill the Enemyes Trench (8s.) ; for 
work at Larkbeare (10s.) ; to the master of the ship 
Dilligence mann'd and designed for the securing of the 
harbor of Topsham (100?.) ; for the use of the Deputy 
Liuetenants of Devon to pay their Soldiers (501.) ; for 
996 Soldiers of the County of Devon for Eleavan Weekes 
at 4s. Sd. each per weeke (2,465?. 2s. Qd.) ; lent to the 
Deputy Lieutenaunts for pay of their Souldiers 
(300?.). 

(b) Scouts and Messengers (total illegible, but=136?. 13s. 6c?., 
Cotton, Gleanings, p. 90). Jan. 29 Aug. 31-E. g. 
Messenger with a from Taunton(5s.) ; a 
guide that came with Col. Ruthen (5s.) ; horse hire ; 



208 

for horses, a stout nagg ; Scouts sent severall 

Tymes in the service of the Parliament ; do. for ridinge 
to Discover the Enemye ; for Mr. Walter Deeble's 
expences in his journey to London (SI.) ; to a messenger 
sent to Exon by the Parliament about publique 
Affaires (10?.). 

(c) Fortifications (from Nov., 1642-Aug. 31, 1643), total 
=4,374?. 11s. 3%d. E.g. for carriage of Turf , lime, sand, 
stones, earth, clay, straw, slate, mortar and helingstones, 
sawing of planks and timber, felling of trees, Maundes, 
Basketts, Dealboards, tools, shovels, wheelbarrows, 
spukes and other iron-work, work done at the Bunney, 
on the Exebridge, about the Turnpikes, about the 
Marshalsey, at the Castle, on the Key gate, about the 
Drawbridges, about Newgate, works in Northernhay, 
at Southernhay, at Northgate, at the Ea"st Gate, at 
Northgate, at Westgate, at the turnpike at Southgate, 
at St. David's, at the fryers and the Maudlyn, at Strip- 
cott (sic) Hill, at Sidwell's Tower, at Mount Radford, at 
fabians mills, at Mr. Buttler's mills, at the Battery 
at Horsepool, at the battery at the Palace, at Bradninch 
Battery ; for Pyoneers work over the water, for a roape 
for ye Castle well, work on the Castle walls, Lead for 
the Marshalsey, for Clensing of ye well in ye Castle, 
for seame stones for the fortifications at Exbridge ; to 
Divers women for carriage of stones to the Citty walls 
(65. 8d.) ; willowes to bynde faggotts for fortification 
of the Barbican, for demolishing howses, making and 
grindinge of Tooles, Deale Boardes for platforms, for 
Laughts and Nailes, for service for fireinge on of the 
Enemies works (51., July 8, 1643), for drawing downe 
of Theight howses that endangered ye Citty (9s. and 4s., 
July 15, 22, 1643), for filling and Lea veiling the Trench 
at Maudlyn (21. 14s. Od., July 29), for carriage of water, 
for making of Salt Peter, for repairing of Boates, for 
making Handmills at the Bridewell, for slightinge 
the hedges at St. David's, carrying of wooll to make 
Batteryes, for seaventeene packs of Woolls belonging 
to Mr. Robert Robins taken forth of his Cellars and 
used for the Baracadoes and fences uppon the bridge 
and other places for defence of the Citty (300?., Nov. 4, 
1642), for tymber to make Carriages for the greate 
Gunns, Turnepipes, platforms, drawbridges, Caske 
and other works (300?.). 

For a document as to the Fortifications, dated Jan. 23, 
1642-3, see Cotton, Gleanings, 86, which I have not 
found among the Letters. 

(d) Balance sheet showing total expenditure, 18,479?. 12s. 
0%d., printed in Cotton Gleanings, p. 90. 

In Misc. Papers (1688-1706), included with accounts for 
soldiers of William of Orange is " The accompt of Henry Gandy. 



209 

His Souldiers began uppon the 26 of May and hath watcht 
since to this July 26 as followeth : 
It includes : 

(a) Charges for 44 men having wives and children, 21 
journeymen and 35 apprentices and men's sons for 
watching and warding at Sd. a time. 
(6) Disbursements unto officers from May 26 to July 26, 
1643, viz., 1 Ensign for 8 weeks duty at 21s. a week, 
1 Sergeant at 10s. 6d. per week, 2 drums at 7s., and the 
Clarke at 5s." 

Other disbursements are for 18 pairs of Bandaleeres, 18 
swords and 17 belts, the total claim being 981. 11s. lOd. 

L. 13. The Court at Oxford,* Jan. 1, 1643(4). The King 
directs Sir Edward Harbert (i.e. Herbert), the Attorney General, 
and Sir Thomas Gardiner, Solicitor General, to prepare a 
pardon to the Corporation of the City of Exeter " for all 
forfeitures, seizures, penalties and punishments in misgovern- 
ment of the city or any other matter which may have happened 
since the beginning of this present parliament, together with 
a confirmation of all franchises &c. which the City had on the 
first day of this parliament." 

Comm. CV. (March 6, 1644). Eoyal Pardon to the Mayor, 
Bailiffs and Citizens for all offences committed between Nov. 2, 
1640, and Sept. 9, 1643.f 

L. 397. Clapan (sic), March 20, 1647-48. John Bonvile 
writes to the Mayor : Sir, Havinge a Comande from the 
Cometie about to send you an order Conserninge ffrancies 
Lippencott and my selfe : I did also send you a Surtificate 
under Sir John Bartly's (i.e. Berkeley) hand to testifie I was 
a Commander under him duringe his govermentj in your 
Cettie. Nowe, Sir, my desier is unto you that you wilbe 
plesed to vosaufe me that favor as to send me Sr. John 
Bartly's Surtificate nowe by my sarvante ordir or direccions 
wheare I shall finde him tlmse not dobtinge of your fabrable 
Curtisie hearin. 

I shall Remayne, 

Your Assured ffreende while I ame, 

John Bonvile. 

The Chamber's Church Patronage. 

L. 392. Modbury, Sept., 1647. Christopher Savery and 
William Fowell, by vertue of an Ordenance of Parliament 
lately published, desire the Chamber to pay to Mr. John Way, 
who has been Curate of Kingsbridge for the last year and a 
quarter, a sum of 61. due to him by virtue of an ancient com- 
position made between the Abbot of Buckfast and the town 
of Kingsbridge. 

* The King's parliament opened at Oxford on Jan. 22, 1644. 

t Tho City surrendered to the Royalists on Sept. 4th or 5th, 1G43. 

$ i.e. from Sept. 4, 1643, to April 13, 1646. See Freeman, pp. 123-126. 

Wt. 20757. Ex 14 



210 

In L. 417, West Alvington, March 24, 1659-60, Mr. John 
Quicke having been presented by the Chamber to the Vicarage 
of Churchstow and Kingsbridge, makes application for the 
yearly pension of 61. due to him. 

In L. 551, Kingsbridge, June 25, 1765, George Prideaux 
writes to Benjamin Heath, Esq. [Town Clerk] that he has 
received from the widow Hawkins a year's rent of the Rectory 
of Churstow (sic), which shall be sent on by the Collector of 
Excise, " who will not be here till almost this weeke hence, or 
by a good London Bill, which I can easily procure." 

In D. 954 1380, the Mayor and Commonalty grant the 
Chantry of the Blessed Virgin Mary upon Exbridge for life 
to Robert Danwe, Chaplain, with a pension of 4?. per annum. 

In D. 1032, Feb. 5, 1403, the Chamber appoint Thomas 
Losquyt, chaplain to the same chantry which is in their 
gift, he being bound to pray for the souls of Walter Gerveys 
[for his will see Book 52, ff. 274-276] and Alice his wife, founders 
of the same chantry. 

InD. 1344, March 16, 1502, the Chamber and the Wardens 
of Exbridge present John Frost to the Free Chapel on 
Exbridge. 

In D. 1346, Jan. 10, 1504, the Chamber as patrons of the 
parish Church of St. Edmund on Exbridge, grant to Edward 
Courtenay, Earl of Devon, the next advowson of the said 
Church and that he may present Matthew Lewys, son of 
Geoffrey Lewys, merchant of Exeter, to the said Church after 
the death or resignation of the present incumbent. 

In D. 1379a, March 2, 1512, the Mayor, Bailiffs and Com- 
monalty grant to William Aysshe, chaplain of the chapel 
of St. George the Martyr and St. John the Baptist situate in 
the outer part of the Guildhall, an annuity of 4 marks and the 
reversion of the Chapel or Chantry of St. Mary on Exbridge 
after the death or resignation of Robert Frost, clerk. 

In D. 351, March 2, 1612, William Tickell, Chamberlain of 
Exeter, is appointed to take over the rectory of Marleghe [i.e. 
Mariansleigh, near South Molton], under provisions of the will 
of John Da vie, dated Feb. 10, 1600. 

Assessments per mensem. 

L. 399, 400 (1647). Two Copies of printed "Instructions 
for the members of the House that are in their respective 
Counties or are now appointed to repair thither for the speedy 
bringing in of six moneths Assessement of the Arrears upon 
the ordinance of the 60,000/i. per mensem for preventing 
of free quarter by paying the army and disbanding the 



211 

supernumeraries." A Generall Receiver or Treasurer is to be 
appointed for collecting the assessment of the county who 
will be allowed Id. in the for collecting. After paying 
of the souldiers to be then disbanded, he shall pay what 
shall then remaine unto the Treasurers at Warre at Guild 
Hall, London.* 

The papers are signed " H. Elsynge, Cler. Parl. D. Com." 
At the foot is : " London, printed for John Wright at the 
King's Head in the old Bayley, 1647." 

In L. 418, March 14, 1660 (i.e. 1661), the Duke of Albe- 
marle [i.e. George Monk, created Duke of Albemarle July 7, 
1660] writes to the Commissioners of the present Six 
Months Assessment in Exeter : Gentlemen, Whereas in 
January last by letters from his Majestic and Councill 
for the reasons therein expressed you were desired to 
hasten the speedy Levying of the Six Months Assessment 
soe that the last three months thereof should by your care 
and endeavors be paid unto the Treasurers att Guildhall, 
London, by the ffirst of this moneth which would have beene 
a service of a very greate advantage to the Publique, the 
same being to be employed towards paying off and dischargeing 
of the Navy, which is a daily growing charge to the Nation, 
and would be prevented if possible. Uppon consideracion 
whereof and forasmuch as noe part of the said Six Months 
Assessment within your Cittie is as yet paid att Guild Hall, 
where by the Actf the same ought to have been, we have 
thought it our Duty by this our Letter once more to recom- 
mend the accomplishment of that service to your Care as a 
matter worthy your utmost endeavors. And soe We rest, 
Your verie loving friends and servants, 

Albemarle. 

Robert Sea wen. J 

In L. 423, Whitehall, Aug. 28, 1661, the Lords of the 
Council write to the Mayor : Whereas wee are informed 
by the Comissioners appointed by Parliament for dis- 
charging of the Navy that his Majestie's service is very 
much retarded and prejudiced by the slow coming in 
of the Moneys appointed for that service and in particular 
that severall Sumes of Money do yet remayne in Arrears 
on the respective County es, Townes and Places in England 
and Wales upon the severall Acts for Poll money by 
reason of the neglects of the Sherrifs of each County, who 



* This assessment was voted in the House of Commons for one year, 
from March 1, 1647, for the maintenance of the Army, sae Commons Journal, 
v, 114, 298, 308, 314, March 16, Sept. 9, 18, 1647 "; Lords' Journal, ix, 466. 
See also Cal. Dom., 1649-50, p. 150. 

f For money bill presented, Aug. 10, 1660 (Diet. Nat. Biog., ii, 2), received 
royal assent Sept. 13, 1660, see Cal. Dom. 1660-1661, p. 266. For 
proclamation to collect, Sept. 26, 1660, see ibid p. 276. 

| M.P. for Grampound (Cornwall) ill Parliament of 1659. 



212 

notwithstanding the frequent Solicitations of the said Com- 
missioners and our Letters of the 25th of January, 1660 
(i.e. 1661) to that effect, have not rendered the Accompt 
expected. They therefore order the Mayor speedily to 
collect what remaynes in Arreare upon the Citty and pay 
it in to the Exchequer by the beginning of Michaelmas Terme 
next.* 

In L. 431, Aug. 21, 1663, the Deputy Lieutenants by vertue 
of an Act of Parliament for the raisinge of the 4th parte of 
one moneths Assessment att the rate of 70,OOOJ. per mensem, 
require the Mayor to cause the Assessment to be made and 
brought to them on the 28th Instant att the New Inne in 
Exeter by 10 of the clock. [For assessment of 70,OOOZ. per 
month for 18 months, see Cal. Dom. 1661-1662, March 20, 
1662.] 

L. 436. April 3, 1667. The Mayor &c. write to the Earl of 
Southampton [Thomas Wriottesley], Lord High Treasurer 
[i.e. since Sept. 8, 1660], that they are collecting the moneys 
ordered by Act of Parliament for the raisinge of monye by a 
poll, but they know not of any Receiver Generall appointed 
for the city to whom they should pay it, and desire instructions. 
The Earl sends back the letter with his answer at the bottom 
of it : "I returne you your owne Letters with this Answer 
(and thanks to you for your care). That I intended 
Mr. Norcott Commission both unto the County and the City 
and County of your jurisdiction, whom I hereby appoint 
thereunto. And if need be He shall have a further Commission 
and Writ. Your very Loving Freind, T. Southampton. 
April 6, 1667. 

Quartering of Soldiers. 

L. 401. May 9, 1648. A resolution of the Chamber. 
" Ordered that Mr. Mayor doe not consent to or give order for 
the quartering and billeting of the Souldiers yesterday come into 
the Citty ; there being Tavernes, Innes and Alehouses sufficient 
for their entertainment according to the orders and ordinances 
of Parliament. 

Ordered also this day that a Petition and Letters be forthe 
with drawed and dispacht by an expresse for London for the 
remooving of the souldiers and that Mr. Receiver doe disburse 
fifty Shillings for the Charge of itt, which shall be allowed 
to him on Accompt." 

In L. 403, Pendennis, Sept. 25, 1649, Colonel Harry Walker 
writes to the Mayor &c. : Mr. Mayor and Gent., Since 
my returne into these Westerne parts I have Indeavoured 
to put the service of the Common Wealth into the best 
posture I may with these fforces under my Comand, and 

* For Commissioners for disbanding the Navy,' Jan. 20, Feb. 6, 1661, see 
Cal. Dom., 1660-1661, pp. 480, 504, 



213 

presuming you will hold it your Duties to doe the Like, 
I doe by these advertise you, that I have sent my Leiut. 
Colonell with three Companyes of my owne Regiment to 
Quarter for some tyme within your Citty of Exceter ; I sup- 
pose I neede not mind you how regardfull I have beene of 
that Place, forbearinge soe longe tyme Quarteringe any men 
there, and whilst it was a Burthen either in respect of their 
Quarter or Billett I made hard shift to dispose otherwise 
of them, keepinge them abroad in order to ffeild service, 
until with the winter now cominge on, tis high tyme to send 
them where they may have fitt accomodation for that season ; 
neither do I beleave you would Expect so small a number 
by reason of the Capacity of your Citty, and consideringe 
how longe the small Townes abroad have undergone the 
Entertayninge of them, and that which may yet further 
prevent any Inconvenience is, that they will bee but as 
ffreinds and Guests for Defence and Benefitt to your Citty ; 
I must therefore desire and expect from you that you would 
afford that Complyance and assistance which the Parliament 
have ordered on that behalfe and that there may bee such 
a Mutuall Correspondence behind (sic) the Officers and your- 
selves, that the Publique may bee the better Carryed on, I 
havinge given Order to my Leiut. Colonell (whom I send to 
Comand these men) to bee very vigilant over the Carrage of 
the Souldiers, and to punnish when any Injury shall bee offered 
to any Townesman, that soe with the more Justice I may 
Expect the Like when any Townsman shall Iniure a Souldier, 
and thus desiringe there may be reciprocall Indeavours to 
advance the Publique Intrest. 

I rest, Gent., your serviceable ffreind, 

Har. Walker. 

The " late " Dean and Chapter. 

L. 405. Nov. 10, 1652. Order of the Trustees for the 
maintenance of ministers to continue to pay to the Warden 
of the Poor of Exeter,* out of the revenues, rents and 
possessions of the late Dean and Chapter due to the poore 
people in the Almshouses, viz., Saint Catherine's (17s. 4d.) and 
St. Maudlins (21. 12s.), and in Saint Sidwells parish (20Z. 16s.), 
together with arrears thereof since Oct. 16, 1650. f 

L. 406. Nov. 10, 1652. Similar to L. 405, with notes of 
similar payments, Oct. 25, 1653, and Oct. 20, 1654, to the 
" Warden of the poore " of Exeter, Mr. Henry Gandy and 
Mr. William Brown respectively. 

In Act Book, VIII, /. 184, Oct. 20, 1646, it is agreed " that 
one other letter be written from this house to Mr. Prideaux, 



* For accounts of the Wardens of the Poor, see Receiver's Accounts, Ten Cells, 
in S. Moore, Col. ii, 177. For the Paymaster of the Poor, see L. 131, p. 74. 

t For sale of the "late Bishoppe's Palace," Jan. 28, 1651, see Cotton, 
Gleanings, p. 154. 



214 

Recorder of this Gttie, desiring his laufull favor and best 
Assistance in the obtayning of some competent meanes for 
the mynisters here out of lands of the deane and Chapter " &c. 

Act Book, VIII, /. 2056, Aug. 10, 1647. This day Mr. Aid. 
Bennett made knowne that he hath of late compounded with the 
Committee of Parliament of Bishopps lands &c. for the Pallace 
and fee of the late Bishopprick of Exon for the ffyne of 450?., 
and that this Chamber may take the same if they soe please, 
which being mooved to the house it is agreede that the purchase 
shalbe proceeded in for the benefitt of the Cittie. 

In Act Book, IX, f. 706. Jan. 28, 1651. A deed or writing 
purporting a bargain and sale dated 25 March last of the late 
Bishop's Palace and other appurtenances thereunto belonging 
was this day sealed with the Common Seal of this house and 
by the Corporation made over to the Governors of the Hospital 
of St. John's within this city for the sum of 400?. by the said 
Governors paid. 

In D. 503, June 1, 1652, Henry Gandy of Exeter, Brewer 
[Mayor in 1661, 1672], sells* to the Chamber for 140Z. a 
messuage called the Treasurer's House in the Cathedral Close 
(bounds set out), late parcel of the possessions of the late 
Cathedral Church of Exeter purchased by Gandy of Henry 
Starkie, cook, of London, who purchased it of the Trustees 
for the sale of lands of Bishops Deans and Chapters by 
Indenture, Sept. 24, 1651, signed " Hen. Gandy " with Seal. 
[Dated June 6, 1652, in Cotton, Gleanings, p. 156, when '* the 
said house is to bee Converted for a Workhouse for the poore 
of this Cittye and also a house of Correction for the vagrant 
and disorderly people within this Cittye."] 

In D. 1773(a) (undated) is the account of monies paid out 
by order of the Chamber upon St. Peter's Church [the 
Cathedral]. The total of money expended was 2,003?. Is. Qd. 
[See Freeman, pp. 207, 208.] 

In D. 1773(6), Oct. 20th, 1658-1660 is a similar account 
of 690?. 14s. 4d. spent by the Chamber upon the cloisters. 

Parish of St. David's. 

L. 413 (undated, possibly 1655). The Inhabitants of the 
Parish of St. David's petition the Mayor &c. stating " that 
the said parish was antiently parte of or belonging to the 
parish of Heavitree, but about the end of ye Raigne of King 
Henry ye Eight ye Cittizens procured it to bee made part of 
the City of Exeter, that the highwayes within the parish 
are fallen into soe greate decay that by estimation it will 
cost att least I50li., which the Inhabitants of themselves (being 
in ye times of the late troubles greatly ympoverished by fire 
and otherwise) nott able to repaire ; And this being occasioned 

* Called : for Hire of 140/., June 6, 1652, in Cotton, Gleanings, p. 156. 



215 

much through the encroachments of many Cottages and 
inclosures of ye antient high wayes and that by the Chamber 
of ye said Cittie graunting out estates for fines, contrary to ye 
Statute lawes of this land and a late Ordinance of ye Lord 
Protector and his Councell alsoe ; that through the narrow- 
nes and badness of ye wayes of late yeares there hath happened 
many broyles and quarrells betwixt travellers of quallity 
there passing, and wilbee more in case that that Cottage be 
suffered to bee finished which is began close to ye highway 
comming upp David's hill ; besides the increase of ye poore 
thereby occasioned to theire greate charge ; they having Alsoe a 
Church that cannott bee yett finisht* without more charges 
on the parishioners, whoe are as sheepe without a shepheard, 
which of all is most Lamentable. Your petitioners being 
utterly unable to undergoe the same without some helpe. 
They therefore desire that according to an Ordinance of the 
Lord Protector in that behalfe made that some publique 
rate bee speedily made for ye Collecting on ye Inhabitants 
of ye City for the perfecting of soe necessarie and publique 
a worke for ye good of ye whole Cuntry, the Citty and County 
being now (as is alleadged by the Chamber) in some cases 
to bee accompted butt one parish." 

The Militia Acts. 

L. 419. Whitehall, March 29, 1660. Arthur Annesley, 
President of the Council of State [since Feb. 16, 1660], 
writes to the Commissioners of Militia for Exeter : Gentlemen, 
The Councell having received some addresses with lists of Officers 
to be approved and Commissionated according to the Act of 
Militia passed the 12th March, 1659 [i.e. 1660, printed 
in Acts, Ordinances efcc.], wherein the Commissioners have 
not made faithfull and Clere Certificates concerning the 
Qualifications of the Officers by them presented to us As 
the Act requires, by which our approval of them is necessarily 
suspended, and the service of the Militia retarded. Wee have 
therefore thought fit hereby to acquaint you That wee doe 
expect togeather with the transmitting of ye Names of the 
Officers to be approved for your Citty that you take care to 
Certifie us perticularly of the Declaration of the Commissioners 
of the Justice of the Parliament's Cause and alsoe that all the 
persons you shall present to us for Officers in the Militia be 
such as have assisted and adhered to the Parliament in their 
cause or the sonnes of such, and have nott att any tyme made 
defeccion or shewed their dissatisfaccion or opposition there- 
unto, without which wee cannott give them our approbation, 
and commission, which being first necessary to be done we 
desire you to use all due Care therein, and in the meane tyme, 
you are to proceed to make your Assessment and distribucions 
of ye Militia forces within your Citty with all expedition 

* It had been rebuilt in 1541. Worthy, Suburbs, 52. 



216 

but not to Arme, Embody or Traine any forces as your Militia 
by Colour of the said Act. Takeing Care withall through 
your whole management of this service, that neither before 
nor after our approbation of your Officers any persons be 
Armed within your Citty (other then the standing forces of the 
Army or Garrisons), but such as are listed by yourselves or 
by your order. And because you may happily finde within ye 
Citty some Drums, Colours and other Trophies as also Armes 
provided by former Commissioners of the Militia there, which 
will not onely be fit for the present service of the forces which 
you shall raise, but will alsoe take of a part of the Chardge 
which the providing of such matters will necessarily occasion, 
Wee desire that you will Carefully informe yourselves, whether 
any and what provision in that kinde hath been made and 
to call in such as you shall finde hi being, and that in putting 
forth the power intrusted to you for raising the Militia and 
levying of Monyes to buy such Trophies, you proceed with 
all possible tendernes and extend the same noe farther then 
the Exigence of that Affaire will necessarily require. And 
you are alsoe to examine what monyes have been raised within 
your Citty by vertue of the former Act [i.e. July 26, 1659 ; Cal. 
Dom. 1659-1660, p. 42], and how the same hath been disposed 
off, and in Case any money shalbe found to remaine in ye 
hands of the former Commissioners there or their Treasurers, 
you are to demand and receive the same and dispose thereof 
for the present service. 

Signed in ye name and by order of the Councell of State 
appointed by Authority of Parliament, 

Arthur Annesley, President. 

ffinding that in some retournes ye officers presented to us 
ffeild officers onely are named, wee thinke it necessary for 
preventing delay in this Service to let you know That wee 
expect all other Commission officers as well as ffeild officers 
be Certified to us for our approbation. 

Arms and Ammunition. 

L. 424. Exeter, Oct. 29, 1661. Edward Sherburne [Clerk 
of the Ordnance, June, 1660, Dec. 14, 1661 ; Cal. Dom. 1660, 
p. 101 ; do., 1661-62, pp. 180, 229] sends an order to the 
Mayor &c. to deliver up " to Mr. Thomas Townsend my 
Clerke " all arms and ammunition remaining in their custody, 
by order of Sir William Compton, Master General of his 
Majesty's Ordnance. 

In L. 425, Oct. 30, 1661, is a receipt given by Edward 
Sherburne for the same arms, viz., 937 old muskett barrels 
which were lodged in the Guildhall. 

In L. 432, Exeter, Sept. 4, 1663, the Deputy Lieutenants 
write to the Mayor &c. requiring the arms and ammunition 
now in the Chappie of Saint John and Hospitall to be 



217 

removed to the magazine in the Castle and a proper place 
to be erected there to receive them." [See Oliver, p. 188.] 

The Curfew. 

L. 426. Undated, but addressed to Henry Gandy, Esq., 
Mayor [i.e. 1661-62]. John Pare, the Ringer of the bell at 
Eight of the Clock in every Evening at the Cathedral of 
St. Peter, petitions the Chamber for his pension due to him 
for ringing the said bell, " which is cheifely runge for the 
intelligence of the tyme to the whole citty and county." He 
also states that his " Cheifest benefitt belonging to his said 
office doth consist in the burialls which is taken away in the 
new Churchyard, and the same in your Worshipps disposall. 
And for that your petitioner hath officiated in his said place 
the space of ii yeare and halfe and upward and hath not 
received any stipend from your worshipps as formerly 
accustomed and being ordered by the reverend Dean of the 
said Cathedrall to mynd your Worshipps of the p 'misses. 
Hee humbly prayeth your Worshipps to contynue his Stipend 
in some considerable manner or to grante him the burialls in 
the New Church Yard for his proper benefitt, that soe his said 
office may afford him a livelihood."* 

Guards at Exeter. 

L. 429. New Inn, Aug. 21, 1663. In pursuance of the 
Additional Act of Parliament for the better ordering 
the forces in the severall Counties of this Kingdome. The 
Deputy Lieutenants require the Chamber to erect within your 
Citty ffoure convenient howses for Court of Guards [due to 
serve in Exeter at certain times from Sept. 3, 1663, to June 23, 
1664 ; Cal. Dora., 1663-64, p. 263], and the like number of 
Centure (i.e. sentry) houses one at each gatte, that soe the 
soldiers beinge ordered to keepe a Constant Guard within 
your said Citty may bee the better accomidated for the dis- 
discharge of their duty. 

In L. 430, New Inn, Aug. 21, 1663, the Deputy Lieutenants 
undertake to reimburse the Chamber of a proportionable 
part of the charge of the said houses, including the " Cen- 
tery howses." 

L. 433. (Undated). Peter Prideauxf writes to the Mayor, 
John Buttler [Mayor in 1663-4] and John Martin, Esq. : 
Gentlemen, I very well remember the transactions of ye busines 
you sende me by this bearer, Mr. Mawditte. It is most true that 
at the Instance of ye Deputie Liftenants and urgencie thereby, 
to further his Majestie's service, your Cittie was thereupon 

* For the new churchyard of St. Bartholomew's uear All Hallo ws-on-the 
Walls, consecrated Aug. 24, 1637, see Izacke, 155. 

f Probably a relative of Edmund Prideaux, ex-Recorder, who died 
Aug. 19, 1659. Oliver, 236. 



218 

pleased to promise and hath since performed, the worke, you 
write of : It is as true that the Deputie Liftenants are bounde 
in Honour to see you Reimbursed. 

I allso remember that at Michallmas Sessions, 1663, there 
was an accounte brought in, of this disbursement, but it 
beinge then ffryday, when myself e was going out of town, 
and some others casually presente, yet there was answere 
returned to the partie that brought the Account by the 
Deputie Liftenants then present that they would take care 
the principall should be repayd, with Interest, for the time 
till payd. 

If it please God to give me strength, I purpose to be at Exon 
next Sessions, where I hope to meete the rest of ye Deputie 
Liftenants : for without them it is not to be donne, when you 
shall finde me as ready if timely invoked (?) of it, to labor 
the Reimbursement, as you are ready to lay the engagement 
upon me, by your sayinge I was not the leaste motive to your 
undertakinge of the worke. 

I remaine, your affectionate ffrend and servante, 

Pet. Prideaux. 

L. 435, London, Feb. 11, 1664-5, [Sir] James 
Smyth [M.P. for Exeter in the Pensionary Parliament, 
May 8, 1661 Jan. 24, 1679. He was knighted July 20, 
1644] writes to the Mayor : Mr. Mayor, Yours I receved 
and ye enclosed to my Lord Duke of Albemarle* was 
this day presented him, by my Cosen Walker and selfe. 
Wee bouth desired his Grace not to entertayne an 111 
opinion of ye Citty of Exeter, uppon a missenformacon, and 
If aney complaint were proper, it ware of ye Cittyes side 
having beene delayed for many moneihs of their mony, which was 
disburst at ye instance of ye deputye liuetenants of Devon, 
whoe in their severall orders and letters promist reimbursement 
of ye same, which wee shewde my Lord, whom wee found 
soe very well satisfied with it, that his Grace will spedily 
signifie his sence therein to some of ye deputy liuetenants of 
Devon now in Towne that you might receve satisfaction, 
which I suppose is as much as you can expect. I may not 
omitt likewise to acquaint you, that If you intimate to 
Mr. Coventrye what wilbe ye fittest post for your Convoye, 
he will accordingly take order in it this being all at present 
from your very real freinde and servant, 

James Smyth. 

In L. 438, Exeter, Jan. 9, 1674-5, the Chamber write 
to Sir James Smyth : Sir, Yours of the 8 of December 
last Mr. Maior hath communicated to us. Wee have 
observed your directions in testifying our acknowledg- 
ments to the Earle of Bathe [John Grenville] for the 
favorable representation his Lordship was pleasd to give 

* i.e. General Monk. Page 13. 



219 

his Maiestie concerning the government and affaires of this 
Citty. And wee desire you to doe us this farther favor 
to [ ] acknowledgments to his Lordship for the par- 

ticular [ ] and kindness he is pleased to express for 

the advantage of this Citty. And as you are pleased to 
give us intimation [ ] impending oportunities, wee 

can not omit an [ ] offers whereby wee may be at 

ease in A matter which concernes the liberties of the ffreemen 
of this Citty. Wee shall not trouble you with enumerating 
particulars which you will easily perceive by the inclosed 
Copies : Wee desire you to deliver the letters to the Earle of 
Bathe, Mr. Speaker* and Mr. Secretary Coventryf and to 
improve yours and our interest with them as well as your other 
ffreinds, whereby wee may not only be at liberty to vindicate our 
rights by a due proceeding at law, but may be ffree from any 
misunderstanding for the time to come that may be occasioned 
by letters of this nature, which is so prejuditiall to the common 
good of this Citty, for doeing of which you will very much 
oblige your most humble servants. 

Brodridge, Mayor (and 10 others). 

Surrender of the Charter. 

L. 443. Whitehall, Nov. 1, 1688. Order in Council can- 
celling the deed of Surrender of the Charter of Charles II 
[i.e. Charter, XL VI, Oct. 22, 1684, page 7], it having been 
shown that the deed had not been enrolled, and removing from 
their offices the present Mayor [Sir Thomas Jefford, see L. 15, 
page 18], Sheriff, Recorder, Town Clerk, Aldermen, Common 
Councilmen and every other magistrate, officer and minister 
of or in the said City, and restoring those who held those 
offices at the time of the sealing of the Deed of Surrender 
[Jan. 24, 1688 ; Izacke, 185]. For full text of the above 
cancellation order, see Act Book, XIII, /. 52 ; Izacke, 186. 
No meeting of the Chamber is entered in Act Book, XIII, 
between Nov. 1, 1688 (/. 51), and Nov. 22, 1688 (/. 53), two 
leaves being left blank, on one of which is entered a copy of 
L. 443. 

Soldiers of William of Orange. 

L. 444. (Undated, but later than Oct. 1692) Christofer Bale, 
M.P. [i.e. from June 4, 1689, to Oct. 11, 1695. He was 
appointed Mayor Dec. 8, 1688, also in 1696] presents a petition 
to the Lords Commissioners of their Majesties' Treasury : 
Sheweth that your Petitioner having in the beginning of 
their Majesties' Reign presented a Petition to the King from 
the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Councell of the Citty of 
Exeter, which humbly prayed the payment of 345/. Is. 



* i.e. Sir Edward Seymour, since Feb. 18, 1673. He was Recorder of 
Exeter 1681, 1689. M.P. for Exeter 1685, 1688, 1701, 1702, and 
Governor of Exeter 1688. 

t i.e. Henry Coventry, retired in 1679. 



220 

disburst by his Majestie's perticular direction* upon his sick 
and wounded Souldiers, which Petition with the Account 
was per his Majesty in Councell Befer'd to their Lordshipps, 
who directed Mr. Auditor Humphreys to Examine the same, 
and was per him reported to be truely stated, but that in such 
cases it was usuall for the Creditors to vouch their Bills upon 
Oath, which was done, and ye Truth of them upon a farther 
Reference by them attested by Sir Hugh Ackland, Baronet, 
Edward Seaward, then Mayor of the said Citty [i.e. 1691-1 692], 
Henry Northleigh and Richard Carew, John Etwill (sic) and 
Edward Leigh, Esq., notwithstanding which the money not 
being ordered to be paid by your Lordships and the severall 
Creditors (who are poor Tradesmen) being in great want 
thereof and very importunate for the same. 

Your Petitioner humbly prays your Lordships to order ye 
speedy payment of the same, and your Petitioner as in duty 
bound &c. 

In Misc. Papers (1688 to 1706) is a bundle of 13 accounts, 
letters and petitions relating to this matter, together with 
one relating to 1643. 

(a) Exeter, Feb. 11, 1705-6. Thomas Baron, Mayor, 
writes to John Snell, Esq., M.P., enclosing a petition 
(see m) to Queen Anne for a debt due from the late 
King to the Chamber. He will be introduced to the 
Queen's person either by my Lord Bishop or our Lord 
Lieutenant, adding : "wee have reason to believe that 
wee shall have a favourable audience." 

(b) The Report of Sir Walter Yonge, Baronet, Richard 
Lee and John Elwill, Esq., May 28, 1691. By order 
of the Treasurer they met in Exeter in March last 
" to examine the accounts of some Chyrurgeons, 
Apothecaries, Brewers &c. of the City of Exeter for 
Physick, Attendance, Bedding and Provisions furnisht 
some sick Soldiers belonging to his Majesty's Army 
that came from Holland in the late happy revolucion." 
They report that they " could not make a due scrutiny 
of the accounts, for that severall of the parties therein 
concerned were dead, and for want of other evidence then 
the assertions of the other parties that are living." 

(c) (Undated but 1688-9.) A Petition from the Mayor &c. 
to the King that upon application to them made by His 
Majesty's Physicians or Chirurgians at your happy 
Arrival there did take care and provide all necessaryes 
for an Hospitall for such of the Soldiers as were diseased 
at their Arrival or fell sick there afterwards. That on 
Nov. 19 last [i.e. 1688] 156 diseased men were putt 
into the said Hospitall, and afterwards such others as 
needed the same, at a total cost of 345/. Is. 3 \d., as 
appears by the accounts. The Petitioners have done 

* For hia stay in Exeter from Nov. 9-21, 1688, see Macaulay ii, 489- 
514. 



221 

their utmost for the care and preservation of these sick 
soldiers, " and still contynue to doe the same for severall 
of the Regiment late under the Command of Robert 
Peyton," and they pray for payment, " the Chamber 
of the said Citty being att present very poore." 

(d) London, June 6, 1691. Mr. Hugh Chudleigh writes 
to Christopher Bale, Esq., M.P. He has been to the 
Treasury to enquire whether Mr. Elwell, and the rest 
had delivered in their Report (6), of which he encloses 
a Copy. He proceeds : "In short tis no Report, nor 
can I comprehend what they meane, and soe says 
all the Clarkes of the Treasury being of the same 
opinnion ; and in my opinnion in there report thy 
(sic) have endeavored to make you, and all the Chamber, 
very great Knafes to demand that which was not 
just, and the moneys to the severall persons were not 
due to them." At present he cannot tell what to 
advise, but will consult with Mr. Squill, who is one 
of the Clerks of the Treasury, and suggests that the 
City should petition " whenever the Parliament sitts." 

(e) Draft of Petition (c) with copy of reply of the Privy 
Council dated Whitehall, July 11, 1689, ordering the 
Commissioners of the Treasury to examine the 
Allegations, together with a notification (dated White- 
hall, July 20, 1689) that the question has been referred 
to Mr, Auditor Humphreys. 

(/) Account of the Charges for the Soldiers from their 
first coming into the Maids Hospital to Jan. 18, 1688-9. 
The total claim=284Z. 12s. 6^., including 2 supple- 
mentary items to Feb. 19, 1688-9. The details consist 
of claims by apothecaries, surgeons, an upholster and 
others for beds, bedsteads, beer, diet and other things. 

(g) A list of 21 persons discharged from the hospital in 
Exon and quartered without Eastgate, Dec. 28, 1688, 
at which time the Lt. Governor Gibson, by the hands 
of Major White, gave each man Is. Qd. for 3 dayes sub- 
stance. The list gives the regiments to which these 
men belonged (viz., Lord Levaines, Count Carelfont, 
Count Hakendorne, Graf Van Nassau, Weinbergh, Van 
Hagell, Balforde), with the names of the captains of 
their companies. 

(h) A similar list of 18 soldiers discharged Jan. 4th, 1688-9. 
The regiments showing the names Pr. (i.e. Prince's) 
Guard, Weinberg, Talmash, Carleford, Babington, 
Brandenburgh. 

(i) A similar list of 40 soldiers remaining in the Hospital 
at Exeter, Dec. 29, 1688. The regiments in addition 
to those already named=M.G. Sydney, Pr. Courland, 
M.Gen. Mackay, Berkenvelt, Sir Robert Peyton, The 
Ship Wagen de Burg, The Pr. of 0. The " distempers " 
specified are " feaver, scurvie, rupture, Imposthum'd 



222 

foote, or thigh or knee, bruised breast, cough, lamed 
hip or leg, ulcer'd leg, Ague, fflux of ye belly, amputated 
hand " ; also Alexander Lyall of the Prince of O's 
regiment left behind to attend the men. 

(;') Mr. Waters' "Accompt of the disbursements of the 
sik shoulgers in the horspatall, Nov. 19, 1688." There 
were sent in 156. The total amount=110Z. 4s. 6%d., 
and the items include befe and mutton, bread, milke, 
brandy to wash thar wons (? wounds) and Drink, 
butter, Turnup and Cabbidg, gerts, 1 Bar' of all, 
3 qt. watter (2s. Qd.) sic, straw, suger and spice, 3 seams 
of wood, Quarter of Coale, | doz. Candells and " all 
sorts of provisions " day by day till Jan. 10, 1689. 
The total claim being 951. 2s. Qd. 

Supplementary charges include : Goods ye Nappr, 
Goods ye Reeve(?), Sander ye Shoulger (i.e. soldier) 
for 1 Shirte, also 13 Coffings (at 85. each), 13 buring 
suts (burying suits), 13 shirts for ye por prisoners, 
bram' to fill 12 coffins (9<s.), making 12 graves (18s.), 
eath-thenware (sic) and spoones, and Sticks, Candell 
sticks 6 in number, bringing up the total to HQl. 4s. 6%d. 
[Endorsed: "10?. more paid by Mr. Gandy."] 

(k) An Accompt of the Diseased Souldiers belonging 
to the Illustrious and Mighty prince of Orange. In 
the Hospitall of Exon under the care and Dayly 
Attendance of Mr. John Case and his two Servants 
with each Souldier's Disease and thear Collonel and 
Captain's name as in ye Margint. 68 names (mostly 
Dutchmen) suffering from a violent paine in his head, 
do. of his breast, do. his side and knee, of his shoulder, 
shortness of breath, a swollen belly, great pains of all 
his limbs, violent cough, a great prickinge paine and 
convulsions of all his Body, stupid, fettid, cadavarous 
ulcers in his leggs, very sick to his heart, a paine of 
his Limbes, do. of his head and body, do. of his heart 
and stomach, oppression of his heart, do. of his 
back, do. of all his body, do. of his stomach, a 
putrid feavor, exceeding swelling leggs, a plurisye, 
a sordid foul ulcer, fretten ulcers with a larg 
Impostumacon in his thigh, very sick in ye small 
Pockes, contraction of Knees, Hemorhodes, Erispilas 
with face with a continuall spitting blood, a Crewel 
Cough, an obstruction of his Stomach, concussion of his 
back, contused Legg by a fall from a horse, deafness, 
mightily tormented with vomiting, an Impostume in 
his hand, in addition to the ailments named in (i). 

Also 16 men of the Prince's Guard and 1 seaman 
brought on board with a toren hand by a Granade, 
which was Amputated. 

The claim is for 34/. 10s. Qd., i.e. at 10s. per day 
from Nov. 22 to Dec, 15 [s.a.]. 



223 

(I) July 30, 1689. Certificate of Robt. Humphrey, D. 
Auditor. My Lords, I have examined the Severall 
Accompts and notes referred to by the annext Petition, 
and find the disbursements and alowances for ye Cure 
of severall and buriell of other sick Souldiers to the 
number of 156 and upwards in 1688 and 89 in this 
Citty of Exon are as follows : The totals are for meat 
and other necessaries, upholsters and joiners work, 
brewers bills, doctors, Chirurgeons and Apothecarys, 
the whole amounting to 345?. 4s. 2%d. (sic). 

(m) The Petition (undated) to Queen Ann, referred to 
in (a). Whereas your Majesty's Predecessor, King 
William of ever blessed memory (when Prince of Orange) 
did a little after his landing at Torbay desire the 
Chamber of Exeter to take care of part of his Army 
(which there lay sick and disabled in and near this 
City) and to furnish them with necessaries, At the 
same time promising to reimburse the Chamber such 
sums as (by them) should be, on this Account, 
expended. The expenditure is stated at 345Z. 45. 2%d. 
[as in Oliver, 145]. 
In a separate envelope are 9 additional papers : 

(o) An Accounte of the disbursements upon his highnesses 
ye Prince of Orange's Souldiers from the ire Coming 
into the Mayden Hospitall unto the 18th day of 
January, 1688 (i.e. 1689), i.e. a summary of some 
of the above accounts amounting to 266Z. 14s. Qd., one 
of which refers to the death of Mr. Case ye Chirurgeon, 
and Mr. Hethcot ye Apothecary. 

(p) Memorandum (June 10, 1689) headed : " There were 
remaineing in the hospital at Exon on the 26th of lOber 
laste paste 61, sent in since 4, in all 65." Then follow 
65 names, mostly Dutch, with side notes : " Whereof 
are dead (8), discharged into Sir R. Peyton's Regiment 
at Exon (2), sent for Plymouth to my Lord Leivan's 
Regiment (10), sent for Holland (4), sent for London (41). 
At foot : The whole charge of medicines and attend- 
ance on the above mentioned persons from lOber 28, 
1688, is 57Z. 7s. 5d. 

(q) Mr. Mustian, Apothecary. The Souldiers at ye 
Hospitall, Jan. 18, 1688 (i.e. 1689). His charges amount 
to 31. 5s. 8d., including large lambatives, Pectorall 
Drinks, oximel scillit (i.e. of Squills), elixir prop &c., 
and " the large Electuary again." 

(r) A list of Souldiers remaining at the Maiden's Hospital 
in Exon on the 26th of December, 1688. Being some 
of his Highnesse the Prince of Orange his Armie who 
were sent thither for Cure. 

It shows the names of 65 men, together with their 
regiments, the captains of their companies, their age, 
country, malady, time of entry, and time of death, 



224 

discharge, or removal by friends. The regiments show 
the Prince's Artillery, Berkenvelt and Babington, 
in addition to those previously noted ; the men are 
from Holland (33), Gelderland (5), Flanders (3), France 
(3), Germany (2), and 1 each from Zealand, Poland, 
Greece, Prussia, Brandenburg, Switzerland, Sweden, 
Shetland, England, Berwick, Berkshire and Modbury. 
The maladies are chiefly fever, ague or Scurvey, with 
an occasional Asthma, Rheumatism, or Consumption. 

(s) June 10, 1689. Charge of Medicines to the Hospital 
since the 26 of Dec., 1688, 57J. Is. 5d., including (q) 
and (u), also 351. 6s. 8d. fees for 166 days' attendance. 

(t) Jan. 7, 1688-9. For 27 bed stools Att 75. per pece. 

(u) James Jenkinson's account of ye charge of medicines 
to ye Souldiers at ye Hospitall in 1688, including 
clister plaisters, laxative Boles, purging Boles, Cerotes, 
Cordialls, pots of pultis, of antiscorbots, Electuvary, 
potions, purges, ptisans, emetics, draughts, julops, 
purgatives, embrocations, lotions, plaisters, syrops, 
sudorifics, boxes of pills, papers of Powder &c., &c. 

(v) Feb. 20, 1688-9. There are now remaining : In 
private quarters (6). In the Hospitall (11). Eight are 
certified as lame, 1 as fit to march, 1 is " of Lord Leivan's 
regiment at Plymouth," and another " of the Artillerie." 
Signed, James Jenkinson. 

(w) Dec. 26, 1688. James Jenkinson's account for 
medicines from Dec. 26 to January 15, 1688-9. Similar 
to (u). 

St. Anne's Chapel. 

L. 448. Aug. 18, 1698. The Dean and Chapter as owners 
of the Chapel of St. Anns hi the parish of St. Sidwells, state 
that William Cudmore of St. SidwelTs, weaver, on Aug. 18, 
1698, broke into the Chappie or Hospitall of St. Annes* over 
ye orchard wall and got upon ye Top of one of ye Houses 
there, and from thear went to ye Chappie Bell and by force 
and violence threw down ye same from ye Place or Tower 
where it hung to ye ground, notwithstanding oftentimes 
call'd to him and bid him forbeare doing any violence, the 
fall of ye bell was like to have Injured some of ye Poor. 

Workhouse. 

L. 450 (1698). The Chamber petition the House of Commons 
for the insertion in the bill for erecting Hospitalls and Work- 
houses within the City of Exeter [i.e. 9-10 William III, c. 33 ; 
Oliver, 270 ; Stat. vii, 450, 1698, called 1699, Report on Charities, 
305 ; or 1697, Izacke, 191 ; Lloyd Parry, 30] a clause specifying 
that the Corporation of the Poor [for their seal, see Lloyd 
Parry, 29] may be elected every two years instead of or 
life. 

* Built circ. 1418. Worthy, Suburbs, p. 51. 



225 

In L. 458 (undated, ? 1699) the Chamber send to Sir Edward 
Seymour and Sir Bartholomew Shower, M.P.'s [for Exeter in 
1698 and 1701], a letter respecting difficulties in assessing 
the poor rate under the Corporation of the Poor's Act of the 
previous year. [For an extract from this letter, beginning : 
" This new Corporation King's Bench," see Lloyd Parry, 
p. 30.] Endorsed : Abraham North, one of the Constables 
of this Citty, deposeth that this day hi Execution of his office 
in pressing a Cart for the King's service he was assaulted 
and beaten by Samuel Weare, Waggoner, and was threatened 
to be beaten by Jacob Ware (sic), Waggoner, and highly 
abused by them both in uncivil languidge. 

In D. 570 are extracts from the will of Mr. [John] King, 
dated June 1, 1672 [see Report on Charities, p. 305], in which 
he leaves a house, field and garden (with a close of land called 
Quarry Close under Northernhay D. 569) to the new Hospital 
at the lower end of Paris Street [erected in 1671-72. Izacke, 
176; Oliver, 151]. 

In D. 572 are accounts of the Workhouse at the bottom of 
Paris Street from 1673 to 1675. 

In D. 571, April 4, 1675, Mr. William Bruen by his will 
gives 100Z. to the Mayor &c. to be by them bestowed in and 
about the new erected Workhouse of the City and to set the 
poor there on work. 

In Misc. Papers, 1698-1699 are extracts from the Act Books 
relating to the setting of the poor to work in the Workhouse. 

In L. 513, Exeter, Feb. 27, 1747-48, Humphrey Leigh 
[Chamberlain] instructs M.P.'s for Exeter [i.e. Humphrey 
Sydenham and John Tuckfield] concerning a Bill relating to 
Poor Rates. " You are desired to apply and gett an adjourn- 
ment of the Committee of the House for a fortnight, by which 
time 'tis hoped matters may be putt on such a ffooting as 
that you may be able to proceed on, and then if it be necessary 
the Books, Papers &c., shall be sent up by my Brother. As 
we are very sensible that the Session will not be of long con- 
tinuance everything will be dispatched with all imaginable 
Expedition." 

In L. 613 (undated) is a draft resolution of the Chamber to 
present the freedom of the City to James White, Esq., a 
Barrister-at-Law, and Arthur Piggott, Esq., one of His 
Majesty's Counsel [i.e. Arthur Leary Piggott, Solicitor to the 
Prince of Wales ; H. Walpole, Letters, xi, 21 ; made Attorney 
General on Feb. 12, 1806], "for their support of the present 
Establishment of the Corporation of the Poor in their late 
application to Parliament during a long and vexatious con- 
test." Also a vote of thanks to Mr. Alderman Coffin and the 
Town Clerk for their attendance in London whilst the Bill 

Wt. 20757. Ex 15 



226 

brought into Parliament in the present Session was 
depending. 

The City's Valuation. 

L. 455. Feb. 19, 1699-1700. Order of the House of 
Commons to the Chamber to furnish upon Saturday, March 2nd, 
at 8 a.m., an account of what value the Estate is the said 
City now stands seized or possessed of. And also what incum- 
brances are thereupon, and that they doe then likewise produce 
their books of survey and coppys or counterparts of the mort- 
gages and securityes that are upon the said estate, and also 
the Receiver's accounts for the three last years of the revenues 
of the said City. 

L. 456. (Undated) the Chamber writes concerning the 
return to the foregoing order : Sir, We have herewith 
sent you the same (i.e. the return called for in L. 455) 
and the Old Book of Survey of the old Town Clark's 
own handwriteing and written by him after he had been 
above ffourty years in that office and also the three last 
Receivers accountts that are audited and past but as 
for the accountts of those thre last Gentlemen that past 
the said office of Receiver, neither of them have yet 
passed their accountts, And the reasons why are these : 
ffirst, noe Receiver can well pass his accountt untill he 
has received the respective Rents, which are seldom all 
received under a Twelvemonth after his yeare expires, and 
before that time expired the Water-works were taken in 
hand, and everyone was soe much busied thereabout that 
nothing could be done, and untill the ffirst be passed those 
that succeed can not pass theres. We have likewise sent you 
the Minor accountts, the severall ballances of which are men- 
tioned to be received hi the Generall accountts of every 
Receiver. You have likewise several Surveys of the respective 
Mannors, Lands and Tenements which the Citty are seized and 
possessed of, and as to all other Lands and Tenements which 
people generally take to be the Citty's they belong to the 
Hospitalls and the poore of the Citty and other Charitable 
gifts and are for the moste parte of them inffeoffed in several 
ffeoffees in trust for their severall charityes, and are not in 
the power of the M., B. and C. to dispose of. You will see 
by the state of the Case in what Condition the Citty is to goe 
on with these Water Workes, for what they have power to 
dispose of except the Waterworkes are worth by 28, 83 1/, 
and the debts which they owe are [blank]. Major Bale and 
Mr. [Edward] Dally, the Sheriffe, goe hence in the Coach 
next ffriday, they well know the whole matter, and can 
answere all objections that can be made. They will be with 
you on Tuesday night. If possible you can prevent our 
Adversaries from having Coppys of what wee send. Besides 



227 

the debts which the Citty owe the necessary Support of the 
Government will amount to 735/. 8s. Qd. yearly, and there 
are other outgoeings which usually are 2 or 3 hundred pounds 
a yeare more which cannot bee foreseen. 

The letter is a draft Copy undated and without endorse- 
ment, but the person to whom it is addressed is to present 
himself without fail before the Committee [i.e. of the House 
of Commons] on Saturday morning next by Eight of the 
clock. 

L. 457. Exeter, Feb. 28, 1699-1700. Rt. Honorable Sir, 'Tis 
a difficult task that the Committee hath putt upon the Chamber 
to send up a Survey of their Severall Estates and Debts oweing by 
them to bee laid before the Committee next Saturday morning, 
which hath been a great Exercise of our Patience and Diligence 
night and day ever since to perfect it in the Condition that 
it is this day sent byexpresse to Mr. Symons (see p. 32), and 
because the Chamber is apprehensive of the malice and industry 
of our Enemyes, they will needs have me and the Sheriffe 
goe to Westminster to use our poore endeavours to prevent 
the 111 Consequences of that opposition which is made against 
the Bill, and (God willing) wee shall bee in Towne next Tuesday 
night, and the morning after wait on your Honor, for whome 
noe person hath a greater respect and service then, Sir, your 
most humble Servant. 

Wee are very loath to lett the world see our nakednes, 
which wee humbly perceive may bee prevented by an order 
of the house, that the Clarkes give noe Copyes of our Papers 
to any person whatsoever. 

The document is unaddressed and unsigned, but the writer 
appears to be Major Bale (see L. 456). 

In Books 186-205 are rentals or Surveys of the City's estates 
in 1585, 1650, 1652, 1671, 1675, 1688, 1700, 1725, 1730, 1755, 
and 1760. 

Lammas Fair. 

L. 460 (undated ? about 1700). The proclamation for Lammas 
Fair [held in the Croll Ditch or Southernhay. Izacke, 19, 20 ; 
Oliver, Mon., 113 ; and on St. David's Down D. 1449, 1498.] 
to last for two half -days and two whole days, during which 
no goods were to be sold except in the Fair, and no persons 
were to put any goods in their shops within the length and 
reach of any man's arm, and all grievances were to be settled 
at the Tollbooth before the Stewards of the fair, the Mayor 
and Bailiffs being inhibited from taking Cognizance of any 
pleas or suits in their Courts while the fair lasted. On the 
dorse is the oath of the Searchers and Sealers of Leather. 

In Book 51, /. 57, is an account of "the Varyaunce and 
Controversie of the Erie of Devon and the Prior of St. Nicholas 
agaynst the Mayor and Commonaltie of the Citie of Exeter for 
Croldyche or Lammas Fair." AD. 1323, where it is called 
" the fayre called Croldyche fayre kept yerely ad Gulas August i 



228 

[Aug. 1st] yn Southynghay. [Apud Cruldych in Southynhay. 
Oliver, Mon., 127.] 
In Book 52, /. 166-172, is a copy of the verdict in the above 

suit. 

In Misc. Roll 78 (Aug. 19, 1336), is a copy of Plea concerning 
the disturbance of Crulledych Fair and the rescue of certain 
thieves at Ayschpertone. 

In Misc. Bolls 83-90, 98, are copies of enrolments concerning 
lastage and stallage of the Fair at Exeter, 1394, 1410. [Printed 
in Madox, Firma Burgi, pp. 263-269.] 

In Misc. Boll 55 is a roll of nine membranes relating to the 
Lammas Fair. 

In Misc. Boll 40 (1415-61) is a Court Roll of the Cruldych 
Fair. 

In Misc. Boll 3 (xvii) is a petition by the Mayor &c. in 
1422-23 (I Henry VI) against Hugh Courtenay, Earl of Devon- 
shire that inter alia "he took from your suppliants a fair 
called Crulditch Fair." 

In Book 51, /. 227, is the order for making proclamations 
for Lammas or Crulditch Fair. 

In D. 1449, April 2nd, 1545, the fair called "Lammas 
Feyr " held on St. David's Downe and Curlediche is granted 
to John Haydon and Thomas Gibbes [see p. 20]. 

In D. 1498, Oct. 7, 1555, the Mayor &c. acquire Curreldyche 
Fayre alias Lammas Fayer, where it is held yearly on 
St. Davy's Downe and Cruldyche, near Exeter, for 3 days, 
viz., the Eve, Day and Morrow of St. Peter ad Vincula (July 31, 
Aug. 1st and 2nd), together with the stallage, picage, toll and 
customs of the fair and the Court of Pie Powder within the 
same, the assize and assay of bread, wine and other victuals 
in the same fair in as full and ample manner as the last 
Prior of St. Nicholas or any of his predecessors ever held the 
same. 

In L. 253, London, Oct. 20, 1623, John Dunster and 
3 others write to the Mayor : Right Worshipfull and 
welbeloved in the Lord, all hapines wished you &c. Wee 
expected long ere nowe some loving answere of our 
request made the last fayre and more especially in August 
last, mooved agayne to the right worshipful then Maior, 
by Mr. Dunster, unto whome an order was made, that 
forthwith we should understand the resolution of the Court, 
which we have since expected, but noe comfort have wee 
receaved. Now in that the time groweth short, And as tender 
Children once burnt are ever affrayd of the same fire, soe wee 
can no less but endeavour to avoyd the like danger : And 
in that wee have been your antient Tennants doe tender our 
selves to bee soe still, paying our usuall rent (without fine), 
which we have longe time continued to your great proffit in 



229 

publique. As for any fine it hath been at large answered, 
and therefore nedes litle nowe to bee hard ; for times and 
trading will not afford it, knowing it a trueth in generall that 
Landlords doe well esteeme of those Tenants, that pay their 
rents without fine where noe improovements are. And whereas 
upon like request formerly made there was only a graunt of 
one yeere, and that not without a fine of xli. upon large per- 
suasions much against our willes beinge most young men was 
graunted : you expecting that Trade would have been bettered 
which was the ground of our great fine and litle came. To 
which was then answered litle hope was thereof, and now 
to our greeife confirmed that since it is much deminished : 
That in truth wee are rather Considering howe to leave of 
your affayres then to continue them, but in that wee are 
accustomed to such Course of trading are contented though 
litle to our proffit yet to goe one regarding the good publique, 
as much as our privat. And to that end and soe at this time 
wee are desirous to understand from your worship the resolu- 
tion of the Court if wee shall inioye our shoppes as formerly wee 
have done or not, and upon the Conditions before mentioned 
and hartlier if wee shall soe inioye them, for the usuall terme 
of yeares, and not to be troublesome to the Court and soe 
to our selves every yeare, or in a few yeares, which graunt 
wee make litle question of knowing that the Court will soone 
conceive what is the publique good, as alsoe that they wilbee 
farr from requiring that which is now une quail, though 
times and trading heretofore made it seeme unto them 
reasonable ; or at least if a graunt hereof will not bee freely 
made for that terme, without a farther Conferrence with us, 
wee then desire that a graunt maybee made of this faire only ; 
paying our alone rent, and at the next fayre, wee will, if it 
bee your pleasures further conferr thereof, but wee thinke 
much, and as much, as is needfull hath been spoken one both 
sides, and therefore to avoyde further Trouble to either, or both, 
wee desire that a graunt may bee made for tenne yeares, 
but if not that, then the latter, which is this fayre only. And 
whether you shall in your promised love, determine of, wee 
desire to have it under warrant from your worship or the 
Court for the free inioying of our shoppes that soe wee may 
consigne our goods to the usuall place without trespass or 
disturbance, and this alsoe wee desire may bee donne with 
the soonest that may bee, with any convenience, Considering 
that the time of sending our goods is at hand, hoping your 
worshipp will favour us soe farre as to returne us answere 
hereof by the conveyance of this our ffreinds, Mr. Sandes, or 
by the next returne of the usuall Carrier, and you shall find 
us thankfull for any kindnes herein shewed unto us, soe 
wee leave you and your grave Consultations to the wise 
disposing of the Almightye and doe rest yours for the 
Gennerall att Command in our particuler, 

John Dunster, Robert Graye, John Gooding, John Ven. 



230 

In D. 1838, July 23, 1734, the Chamber appoint the Town 
Clerk, Henry Gandy as steward of their court of Pie-Powder 
in Lammas Fair. 

In Misc. Papers 1619-1681, 1624-1629, 1707-1759, 1761- 
1792, 1789-1797 are Lammas Fair Books relating to proceed- 
ings in and profits of Lammas Fair. 

In Misc. Papers 1631-1731 are papers relating to the court 
of Pie-Powder (Lammas Fair). 

In D. 1848, May 19, 1781, is a conveyance from the heirs- 
at-law of John Essington and others to Samuel Moore and 
others of one moiety of the tolls and profits of Lammas Fair. 

In L. 601, June 1793, is a draft notice of the removal of 
Lammas Fair. 

Church at Rotterdam. 

L. 462. Rotterdam, N.S. May 2, 1705. Nicholas Taverner 
and three others write to " the Worshipfull Mr. Gilbert 
Yard "* : Wee presume that you have already been acquainted 
with the Erecting of a Publick Episcopal Church f here with the 
Encouragement of her Sacred Majesty, which work being 
now in great forwardness (as our Friend Capt. John Ewins 
will particularize), and some Corporations as that of Great 
Yarmouth and New Castle being sensible of the great Benefitt 
which Sea-faring men and others of the Communion of the 
Church of England may receive from such an Establishment, 
have already Contributed towards the support of so Pious a 
Design, which Obliges us most humbly to Beg your Concur- 
rence, and Hope That The Same Zeal wiU move your Honourable 
Corporation to Encourage the Undertaking for the Encrease 
of Piety and The Honour of the English Nation and Liturgy. 
The Bearer assures Us That You will Pardon this Freedome 
and give Us leave to Subscribe Ourselves, Honourable Sir, 
(as Trustees), your obedient Humble Servants, 

Nich. Taverner. 

Christopher Bernard. 

Richard Davyes. 

Richard Davis. 

Parliamentary Candidates. 

L. 463. London, May 22, 1705. Christopher Coke [Mayor 
in 1692] writes to the Mayor, Gilbert Yard : Sir, This 
is to accompany the enclosed (L. 464) from a Relation 
whose Ancestors are recorded amongst our worthy Bene- 
factors, a person as well esteemed as knowne on this 
Exchange to be loyal to the Government, liberal on emergent 
occasions, large in trade, laborious and active in affairs for 
publique good, as his worke demonstrates in a booke lately 

* Not Gilbert Wood as Izacke 195 ; Oliver 233. 
t i.e. St. Mary's Church, demolished in 1913. 



231 

set forth by him, which will be presented you by Mr. Jeffery 
or some other hand, it aimes cheifely at the encouredgement 
of our Woollen manufacture : by which (you well know) our 
Citty and parts adjacent are Soly Soported. 

His paper points at his desire of Serving you as a Repre- 
sentative, and if his request bee too late now (as I beleive it 
is), I thinke it may be worth your remembrance of it upon a 
Vacancy, therefore when you have a Chamber, I intreat 
that his paper may be there communicated ; for I have it not 
from himselfe but from others that out of his abundance he 
inclyn's to be a Benefactor to the place where he received 
his first breath, which I believe may be worth your considera- 
tion of a civil answere, whereby you will allso obleidge the 
Chamber's well-wisher and yours att Command, 

Christopher Coke. 

In L. 464, London, May 22, 1705, Edward Gould writes to 
the Mayor &c. : Gentlemen, Though my affairs have 
not hitherto permitted me according to my desire to live 
amongst you, yet in Love to my Natural Country I 
have waited for an opportunity to show my affection 
to your City, which now offers ; If my fellow Citizens 
think me qualified (as a man at this time ought to be) to be 
one of their Representatives in the ensuing Parliament. Indeed, 
Gentlemen, 'tis neither vanity or ambition that are the motives 
to my Request ; but an earnest desire to be in such a capacity 
that I may in a proper Station promote the Weal and flourishing 
of Exeter, and think of some Cordial that may revive and 
encrease our Trade, that long has languished under the 
manage of Ignorance, or neglect, and lately has been in danger 
of looseing one of its chief est limbs. It's commerce with 
Leghorn, as you may see by a Book I have lay'd before you 
by Mr. Thomas Bury, wherein 'tis visible I have had a Reguard 
to the Publick Welfare, and have been very serviceable to 
the nation at a great expence in detecting the evil practices 
of those that endeavoured to cause a misunderstanding between 
England and the Great Duke of Tuscany to the hazzard of 
loosing the Tuscan Trade. 

[The document is much damaged. Mr. Gould was not 
elected.] 

In L. 582. Valentine House, July 23, 1776. Charles 
Raymond writes to the Mayor offering himself to represent 
the City in Parliament " in case of a vacancy which I appre- 
hend will soon happen by the Election of MJ. Walter for the 
County." [Mr. Raymond was not elected.] 

In L. 583, Exeter, July 29, 1776, Mr. John Rolle* [of Tidwell] 
writes to the Mayor : " I take this opportunity on the Death 
of Sir Richard Bamfylde to offer my services to represent the 
City to succeed my uncle, Mr. Walter." 

* He was returned M.P. for Exeter Jan. 4, 1780. 



232 

In L. 684, Bicton, July 29, 1776, J. [i.e. John Rollc] Walter, 
[M.P. for Exeter 1764, 1761, 1768, 1774 ; Oliver, p. 216] writes 
to the Chamber retiring from the representation of the City, 
" as I have reason to think my Friends will nominate me at 
the County meeting (which is to be held on the 2nd of next 
month) to fill the vacancy occasion 'd by the death of Sir R. 
Bamfyld," and suggesting his nephew, Mr. John Rolle, to 
take his place. [He succeeded his uncle, John Rolle Walter, 
deceased, as M.P. for Co. Devon on Jan. 4, 1780. Return 
Parl., ii, 161.] 

Sir Thomas White's Money. 

L. 468. Feb. 14, 1712(13). John Risebrow,* Alderman 
of Norwich, writes to the Mayor concerning an enquiry he 
made into the settlement of Sir Thomas White's! money : 

After reciting the deed of gift, $ consisting of " some Houses 
with Orchards and Gardens and some pasture Landes and 
Grounds " in Bristol, he refers to " another estate in 
Lands in or nigh the City of Coventry," which had greatly 
increased in value, a share of which increase had been success- 
fully claimed by the Corporations of Leicester, Nottingham 
and Northampton, who were beneficiaries under the will of 
Sir Thomas White (dated Nov. 24, 1566. Clode, ii, 179). He 
continues : " Whereas credible Information hath been given me 
by diverse persons that the said estate at Bristow, given by 
Sir Thomas White hath been also greatly improved of late 
years by new buildings upon the said pasture grounds and 
orchards, and makeing one or more of the best streets in that 
City, and the same estate is improved now to eight times 
the old value, namely to the yearly value of 1,000?. or there- 
abouts, which great advantage the said City of Bristow take 
to themselves and is farr beyond what was assigned them 
by our said Benefactor as wee are advised. 

And whereas since I received this Information I have 
further inquired into this affair and have seen at London 
the original! Deed made by Sir Thomas White, and am informed 
at Merchant Taylors' Hall and beleive that the Words in 
this our Deed are more insignificant (sic) and Stronger for 
us the 23 Corporations to have an Equitable proportionable 
Share of the said Improvement, and that the increase of the 
said estate for the said Charity should be equitably distributed 
and paid to us the 23 Corporations in an equall manner with 
Bristow then the words which were in the Settlement for 
Coventry (sic) and the other Corporations with them. 

* Rixborough Le Straunge, Norfolk Lists, 116 : or Ricebrow, Sheriff of 
Norfolk 1704. 

t i.e. the founder of St. John's College, Oxford ; Lord Mayor of London, 
1553 ; whose portrait is in the Guildhall at Exeter, Oliver, p. 218. 

J Dated July 1, 1566, by which Sir Thomas White gave money to be used 
for loans of 251. to honest young men of 24 trading towns, including Exeter 
and Norwich. See C. M. Clode, History of the Merchant Tailors' Company, 
ii, 177, where the list of towns corresponds exactly, except that " Hertford " 
in this document is given as " Hereford east." 



233 

He has been ordered by the Mayor and Aldermen of Norwich 
to give this account to some of the nighest (sic) Corporations 
concerned in this charitable gift and to desire them to come 
into proper measures with us for the recovering of our pro- 
portionable shares suggesting that they " may in a friendly 
and confederate manner make a Common purse of 4 or 51. 
from each Corporation for the present " and take advice 
upon the matter. 

He adds a postscript : "I am now in London this 14 ffeb., 
1712, and have bespoke Coppies of the Deed and am drawing 
up the case for Counsell to peruse now I am here, and if 
your corporation meet and can give me answer in 2 or 3 posts 
then direct for me here, but if not then direct to Norwich. 
Many of the corporations have sent me Complying answers 
and come into our measures. 

In Book 53, /. 124 ; Book 54, /. 10, is a list of the towns 
entitled to participate. [See also Hist. MSS. Commission 
Reports, Reading, 206 ; Lincoln, 88 ; Shrewsbury and Coventry, 
57 ; Report on Charities, 243 ; Endowed Charities, 262, 341, 
360.] 

Gazetteer. 

L. 470. London, Feb. 6, 1713(14). William Jackson 
writes to the Mayor : I Request you will do me the favour 
to give an Account in a Post, or two at farthest, of the 
Government of your City with the Fairs and Markets and 
days when kept, and your number Churchs, and you will 
very much oblige, Sir, your humble servant, 

Wm. Jackson. 

I have printed a Coppy of an Account of one Town [i.e. East 
Grinstead] to show the method wee take. Her Majestic has 
been Graciously pleased to Grant me A Pattent for the Sole 
Printing and Publishing the Accounts above mentioned, 
to which above 2,000 of the Nobility and Members of 
Parliament and others have subscribed, which will be at 
your service, Sir, when finished. Please to direct to me 
at the Sun in Russel Court in correspondence. 

L. 471. Aug. 21, 1714. A letter [see L. 328] addressed 
to Sir William Pendarves, M.P. [i.e. for St. Ives in Cornwall 
from Nov. 12, 1713, to Jan. 5, 1715] to be left at the 
Half Moon in Exeter, showing that the Queen's funeral 
[i.e. Queen Anne, d. Aug. 1, 1714, buried at Westminster 
Aug. 24, 1714] was put off " till next Tuesday night by reason 
ye Ladies' Cloaths could not be ready before." Also news 
from Ipswich, Aug. 14: " Altho' we are deeply concern'd 
for ye Loss of ye Queen, we can't forbear giving some account 
of ye indecent and disrespectful Behaviour of our Wh gs 
upon ye News of ye death of ye Queen," i.e. that they ordered 
the bells to be rung and " when the Sheriff came to proclaim 
the King few of the W T gs appeard, though a great many 



234 

of ye Loyal Gent, of ye town did, the first standing 
with their Hats on all the time the proclamation was reading 
by which we may guess if they are like to be no better subjects 
to ye King that they were to the Queen. [For similar 
extract from a newsletter, see Hist, MSS. Report, Portland 
Papers, vol. v, p. 489.] This day ye Lords Justices have given 
ye Royal Assent to ye following bills : That for rectifying 
mistakes in ye Names of ye Commissioners for putting in 
Execution ye Land Tax and for raising so much as is wanting 
to make up 1,400,000?. intended to be raised by a Lottery that 
for the better support of his Majestie's household and of the 
honour and dignity of the Crown of Great Britain, that to 
enable persons now residing hi Great Britain to take ye oaths 
to qualifie themselves to continue their places in Ireland. [See 
Lords' Journals xx, 13 ; Journals of House of Commons xviii, 
p. 11.] [For extract from the Flying Post, 1708-1717, see 
Historical MSS. Report, Portland Papers, iv, 485 ; also vol. v 
passim.] The Lords Justices in ye name of his Majesty 
thanked both houses for their zeal and affection to his Majesty 
and ye Commissioners particularly for ye Aids granted for 
his support and assured them that a faithful Representation 
should be made his Majesty thereof. Then both houses 
adjourned till Wensday. Orders will be given to take up 
ye publisher of ye Flying Post for some scandal lately put 
there in [i.e. abusing the memory of Queen Anne, for which 
Daniel Defoe was arrested Ibid, v, 491]. 

Court of Conscience. 

L. 472 (1713). Petition from the Chamber to the House of 
Commons for leave to bring in a bill to establish a Court of 
Conscience [or Requests Murray, Diet. s.v. Court] for the 
recovery of small debts under 40s. in Exeter, " which doo 
very much abound with poore Tradesmen and other Indigent 
persons," after the manner of such Courts in London, Bristol, 
Gloucester, Newcastle and Norwich. [For Stat. 13, George III, 
c. 27, 1772-3, see Oliver, p. 272.] 

Coming of George I. 

L. 473. In Newcastle Street, Strand, Sept. 9, 1714. 
W. Simon [p. 74] writes to the Town Clerk, Mr. John 
Carwithen : Mr. Towne Gerke, You have wanted an 
answere to yours through my absence from Lyons Inne 
for a weeke last till Yesterday, but assoon as I had 
it I lost noe time to observe your orders (and its still 
time enough for the King is not come, nor expected 
while this Wynd blowes), fifor I putt both your Letterr and 
the addresse into the Duke of Ormond's owne hand this 
morning. His Grace was pleased to say That hee would 
take care to Deliver it as soon as the King came,* and Desired 

* George I. arrived in London Sept. 20, 1714. 



235 

mee to give his humble service to Mr. Mayor and the Chamber, 
whome hee should be very gladd to serve upon any occasion. 

You knowe I never Speak of my bill but when I have some- 
what else to say, but now pray doe mee to favour to lett the 
Chamber knowe, That I cannot but thinke it hard That after 
above Thirty Yeares ready and Cordiall service to the Citty att 
and upon all times and occasions, I should not have the Justice 
of being paid a bill, above two thirds whereof is money layed 
out of my pockett now above 13 yeares agoe. This seasonable 
Memorand togeither with my very humble service I hope 
may bee of use to, Sir, your humble Servant, 

W. Simon. 

Letters of Marque. 

L. 476. Jan. 10, 1718(19). The Commissioners for executing 
the office of Lord High Admiral order the Mayor to administer 
the Oaths and Test to all persons whose commissions, warrants 
or Letters of Mart shall be sent to him. 

Relief of Dissenters. 

L. 477. Barnstaple, Oct. 30, 1719. Richard Hooper writes 
to John Carwithen, the Town Clerk, that he has received 
his letters as to the disability of dissenters to be elected to 
offices [under the Relief Act, Dec. 1718 ; Statutes at Large, viii, 
145 ; Mahon, i, 327 ; Lecky, i, 322], and as to whether they 
can be punished and fined for not receiving the sacrament 
and will take time to consider and give his opinion. 

Manor of Duntish. 

L. 479 (undated). A Report concerning the commons 
and common rights in the Manor of Duntish in the parish 
of Buckland Newton [near Cerne Abbas in Dorsetshire], 
referring to a map which does not exist. 

In L. 535, Oct. 31, 1725, is a decree in Chancery respecting 
the Commons of the Manor of Duntish in a case " Hullett 
and others v. Fitzwater Foy, Esquire " [whose father, Walter 
Foy, bought the manor from John Churchill in 1713 ; Hutchins, 
Dorsetshire, iii, 707], preceded by an abstract of the Case from 
an office Copy in the possession of Mr. Kington, an Attorney 
at Dorchester, April 7, 1759. 

Rye Harbour. 

L. 482. Rye, Jan. 10, 1722. The Mayor of Rye (John 
Slade) and 5 others write to the Chamber enclosing a copy 
of a petition presented by the Mayor, Jurats, frreemen and 
Inhabitants of Rye to the House of Commons for the restoration 
of Rye Harbour, and ask their assistance and interest to 
forward their desires. The petition states that : 

(a) The Port of Rye is the only harbour remaining on 
the coast of Sussex and Kent from Portsmouth to 
Dover. 



236 

(6) The said harbour lies very convenient for the ships 
that Pass up and down the Channel to save themselves 
in stress of weather and from the enemy in time of 
war. 

(c) It is opposite Diep and other considerable Ports of 
France and has been of great use and service to the 
Navigation of this Kingdom, &c., hi proof of which 
they refer to a report sent to the House of Commons 
on Jan. 28, 1720(21), but that the ffloodgates and Cross 
Walls of late years erected have so much hindered 
the Slowing and Reflowing of the Sea that there is not 
sufficient Backwater to Drive out again ye Slub, which 
by fforce of ye Tide is constantly brought into ye 
Harbour, and so daily Swerves up ye same, that unless 
some immediate Care be taken it will be Totally 
Destroyed. 
[For the condition of Rye hi 1724, see Horsfield, i, 493.] 

Bad Language. 

L. 484. Oct. 24, 1726. A note of the complaints of one 
Jenkins, a constable, of the bad language and threats used 
towards him : 

Going up ye forstreet above ye New Inn at ye sign of ye 
Black Dogg, one or some from that house Cried out ye 
Constable, Halloe ! within and without, ye Constable, Halloe ! 
coming down ye street again. Soon after ye Landlord, as I 
supposed he was, said I only askt you to drink a Mugg of Ale, 
Mr. Constable. Don't you bee angry ; and with ye same he 
said how upright ye Dogg goeth. 

On Oct. 24, 1726, I was at Mr. Buxton's at ye Oxford Inn 
to collect ye Land Tax, and gave him not one HI word, and 
he said I was a perjured Villain, perjured Rogue. I told 
him that I saw Company drinking in his house ye 10th of Aprill, 
only with this Difference prayers was not begun at St. David's 
and did not begin for some time after I was there. One of 
ye Company Did Confess that Mr Symons Read prayers and 
preached at St. Mary Arches before Came he at St. David's, 
which was Quarter of an hour after three before it begun at 
St. David's. 

In ye midst of this Discourse, one Aish, a master Shoemaker 
Living in Southgate Street, Being in ye Barr, said you Jenkins 
you are a rascally Roge, you Dogg, you are no Constable, 
no, Sirrah, you are not, you Rogue, and ye like Expressions 
he used towards me. 

The Monday following, being 31st of October, came along 
Goldsmiths Lane one Whitburow, a Bayliff, said : You, 
Jenkins, wheres ye seven and fourpence you Extorted from 
Dilbings, Sirrah, you Rogue. I'll make thee pay ye money 
again. Ye Cheif Magistrates of ye Town Did well to turn 
thee out for ye City is a Thousand pounds ye worse for thee. 
thou Base fellow. Wheres ye Loin of Veal, Sirrah. Thus and 



237 

Like Language I had from him. By this time ye Street was 
alarmed. 

Lighthouse and other Dues. 

L. 487. Topsham, Jan. 20, 1731(32). Receipt from the 
Collector of the Earl of Thanet [Sackville Tufton] for 8s. 2d. 
duty at Id. per ton due by the Master of the good Ship Thomas 
William, bound for London, for the maintenance of Dungeness 
Lighthouse*, with a curious print of the Lighthouse. 

LL. 488-495, June 11, 23, 1732, and other dates, contain 
similar receipts for the use of Greenwich Hospital, Is. 9d. at 
the rate of 6d. per month for 6 persons belonging to the ship, 
for the maintenance of 3 lighthouses at the North and South 
Forelands, 8s. 2d. ; and to the Trinity House for ballast and 
five bills of lading in other vessels in the Thames bound for 
Topsham and Hamburgh. 

Criminals. 

L. 498. Aug. 11, 1738. The several confessions of Zacharias 
Sutton and John Taylor, executed on Heavitree Gallows 
[i.e. at Ringswell ; Worthy, 55], Aug. 11, 1738, for burglary 
and Sheep-stealing respectively. A broadside printed at Exon 
by Andrew Brice. 

In D. 1831, May 2, 1729, is an agreement for transporting 
Thomas Price, of Stafford, labourer, convicted of burglary, 
to South Carolina. 

In L. 502, Whitehall, Nov. 20, 1740, is a commutation 
of sentence of death on John Kennick, convicted of burglary 
and felony, to transportation to America for 7 years. 

In L. 503, the Court at St. James's, March 10, 1740(1), is a 
pardon to John Harrup and Uriel Hanson, sentenced to 
transportation for stealing mutton. 

In D. 1838(6), Sept. 15, 1746, is an order for the Execution 
of Susannah Smith, convicted of burglary. 

In L. 16, St. James's, April 30, 1759, is a royal pardon to 
Abraham Derham, sentenced to death for killing one sheep 
with the intent to steal the carcase thereof. The sentence 
is commuted to transportation for 7 years to " one of our 
Colonies or Plantations in America," and is signed " George R " 
(i.e. George II) and " W. Pitt " [i.e. William Pitt, who was 
then Secretary of State for the Southern Department]. 

In L. 547, St. James's, Feb. 3, 1764, is a commutaion of 
death sentence on James Scott, convicted of assault and 
stealing 12s., to 7 years transportation. 

* Granted to Richard Tufton, Earl of Thanet, by Charles II. See Report 
of Select Committee on Lighthouses (1834), p. xxxv. 



238 

In L. 17, St. James', Sept. 19, 1764, a royal pardon is 
granted to Thomasine Hall, who had been sentenced to death 
for " burglariously breaking and entering a dwelling-house 
in Exeter," and commuting the punishment to fourteen years 
transportation to one of our Colonies or Plantations in 
America. Signed, " Sandwich " [i.e. John Montagu, Earl of 
Sandwich, Secretary of State for the Southern Department]. 
At the head is an original signature of George III 
(" George R."), and a subsequent signature " Louise Lome, 
May 21, 1873." 

In D. 1734a is a decree in Chancery dated Sept. 13, 1618 
[quoted as Sept. 10th in Rept. on Charities, p. 267], respecting 
Griffith Amerideth's Charity for providing shrouds for 
criminals hanged at Exeter [i.e. at Eingswell near Heavitree 
Worthy, 55]. See also Law Papers, Exeter v. [Robert] Waller, 
1607.* 

In D. 1446, Aug. 8, 1544, is a sale to Griffin Amerideth of 
messuages, lands &c. in Torrington, Tawstock, &c. (? Tavi- 
stock). 

In D. 1466, Oct. 28, 1549, he grants a lease of an Inn called 
" le Line at Beare " in South Street, Exeter, between 
Bulhylstrete and a lane leading to the house of the precentor 
of the Cathedral. 

In D. 1504, July 18, 1556, he grants a lease of a piece of land 
called " Brysshford " lying in Lydford in the parish of 
Salcombe. 

In D. 1627, Sept. 29, 1584, is a lease of this land to Robert 
Tooker of Sidford, " husbandman." 

Royal African Company. 

L. 603. Comendaf Fort in Guinea, Feb. 10, 1737(8). 
Robert Parker writes to the Chamber : Gentlemen, itts 
not a Common thing to be addrest to from a Stranger, 
at this distant part of the Worlde, though the Motive will I 
hope Justifie it, as to myself e at Lynn Regis in Norfolke, 
I did for many years as much Business as most Merchants 
with a good Deale of Success, but the Seane Changed, the 
Inexorable Sea had no Compassion, I have seen divers 
parts of the Worlde, and made my Severell Observations 
in the Different Branches of Trade. 

I no sooner was in this parte of the Worlde, but founde 
according to the Present Situation of things, how sore we 
are loosers, in the Sale of a Hundred or Two Thousande Pounds' 
Worth, of our British manufactures yearly, perhaps much 
more. I hope the fine Citty of Exeter, by the means I shall 

* For Amerideth "b will, Jan. 3, 1567, see Rept. on Charities, 119 ; Endowed 
Charities, 397. 

t It was built to the west of Elmina after the treaty of Breda (1667). 
C. P. Lucas, 100, 106, 



239 

propose, (if persued,) will be Sharers in the bond of a great many 
Thousands per annum of her manufacture, upon this Coast, 
more than ever yet was sent. I am not prompted on by any- 
body, nor does any know of what I am about, while my dis- 
patches reach Norwich, Manchester and some other places, 
which I have wrote to, as my Leisure would permitt, But as 
an Englishman, should think my selfe Inexcusable, was not 
I to do everything in my Power, to advance the Manufactures 
of my Country, especially when I see the Dutch and French 
make such large advances, to disposses her of it. 

(1) The Royal African Company's Stock is at present 
very Low, Occasioned by the Vast Charge and Expence 
they are at, in maintaining upon this Coast, Eight 
large Castles* well Fortified, a Plan of one of which 
I heare enclose f for your Inspection, by that you 
may in some measure forme a Charge of the Whole, 
though Cape Coast Castle, the Principal!, would make 
Six of this, and in Europe be Esteemed a fine large 
Pallace, furnisht with a number of Good Artillery and 
capable of making not onely Stout resistance, but a 
Safe Protection for our Ships, in the Roade, incompast 
with three other Forts at proper distances, besides the 
Immence Cherges of all these, the have severell upon 
the Great River of Gambia % and a verey Strong one 
upon James Island, in the midle of the River, well 
furnished with Artillery and everything propper. 

(2) Itt's True the Goverment has been so Good, to 
allow them for some years past Ten Thousand Pound 
per annum, towards the Charge or as an Equivolent, of 
Ten per annum the Private Traders formerly used to pay 
them towards the Fortifications, but that comes farr 
short of an Equivolent or the Charge of Keeping such 
Prodigious Workes in Repaire. 

(3) The Danes has one Fort at Accaran well supplied 
as to goods, but the Dutch are vastly Strong upon 
this Coast ; they will be sure to have Forts near the 

* i.e. Cape Coast Castle, Dixcove, Secondee, Commendah, Tantumquerry, 
Winnebah, Accra, Whydah, and James Fort, also 8 factories on the Gambia. 
Treasury Books, 1742-45, p. 5. Feb. 2, 1742. 

f No plan is preserved, but an " Explanation of the Fort " as follows : 

1. The Parade, which Buns down to the Beat of the Sea. 

2. Fish Shambles for the Garison, 50 or 60 boats gose out Dayly- 

Excellent good Fish. 

3. The Entrance into the Fort. 

4. Boomes for the Garison, the Slaves and to lay up Provision. 

6. A Tank or Well to hould a Twelve Months Water for ye Garison. 

6. The Inward Fort for the Chiefe Agents, Warehouses under. 

7. A Gallery Leeding from the Chambers to the Battlements. 

8. Cook roome and the Stairs up the Battlements. 

9. A Gallery overlooking the Garden and Country Bounde. 

10. The Bastions from Angle to Angle One Hundred and Ninety Foott. 

11. The Home or Kitchen Garden. 

12. The Walke to the Great Garden, 300 Foott by 90. It has lately 

been planted rounde with Beautifull Hedges, as you see in the 
Draft. 
| For their names, see Treasury Books, 1742-45, p, 451, 



240 

English to intercept your Commerce and under our verey 
noses, in all I think they have Ten Forts besides out 
Settlements, but not so strong as Us, but the Wise 
States, to give Incourrigement and Life to them, has 
settled upon the Company Annual! Assignments to 
the value of Twenty Five Thousand Pound Stirling, 
which makes them in some measure Contemn and 
Slight Us Poore English. 

(4) The Dutch sends most East Indey Goods, and Liquors, 
but The French in thier trade in my Opinion are most 
to be dreaded in thier Woollen Manufactures, as well 
as Silke. One Peice of Goods well dissposed on upon 
this Coast gives them Incourigement to make two, 
and what may be the Inconvenience of that you may 
Easiley Comprehende, Esspessially if you consider the 
Cheepness of Labour and Provisions in that Country, 
and with what Parsimony they live, itts not long that 
a Company's Ship was fitted out at Cape Coast, with 
fifty or sixty Hands to drive of the Coast, three French 
vessells full of Goods, which they did, but now they 
are come on in Such Large Ships and so many the 
defie the Agents and tell them they will trade so long 
as their Guns and Amunition will protekt them. The are 
thought altogether so Sivill as Us upon the Gum Coast, 
to which they make pretensions, though they have 
onely on Trifling Fort upon a Prodigious Trakt of 
Land. Nevertheless when they can overpower our 
Ships the Ship and Cargo is gone without redemption 
and our Poore Sailers verey ill-used. 

(5) This Coast takes besides Woollen Goods &c., verey 
great Quantiteys of Brandey from the French, as well 
as Geneva and Spiritts from the Dutch ; it would tend 
vastly to the Landed Interest, to fix such a proportionete 
Drawback or Debenture upon the Englishe Spiritts 
from our own Come, which sells for full as much as 
either of the other, and often preferred, and we in 
England know full as well how to prepare it, it would 
not onely be an Incourigement to ye Land, but it 
would helpe the Distillers, Copper Smiths, Coopers, 
and set at Worke and give Bread to abundance of 
Poor people. There is at least exspended in the whole 
two or three Thousand Tun ; it would put a Stop to 
our Neybours, and product from what proceeded from 
our own Growth. 

(6) The Private Traders caryes on a Greate deale of 
Business upon the Coast from London, Leverpole, and 
Bristol, and are at no Exspence towards Forts and 
Garisons, but itts a Jest to say or imagine they could 
do without the Company's Settlements. They have 
places of Security where to retreat to upon any 
Emergency, where they Supply themselves with Wood, 



241 

Water and other necessareys, and are kindly received, 
and often beholden to them for their Laves (sic) and 
Fredoms, when they have been attact by the Natives 
or ill used by other European Ships. 
(7) The Goverment has been so Good to sende upon 
Coast this Yeare Three men of Warr, the Dimond, 
Grenwich and Spence Sloope at an Exspence of Two 
Thousand Six Hundred Pound p. munth, the Compli- 
ment of the three being Six Hundred and Fifty Men, 
at 4Z. p. munth p. man, as given by the Parlament, 
computing the Voyage and Stay upon the Coast onely 
at Eight Munths, amounts to Twenty Thousand 
Eight Hundred Pound, if computed at 13 munths 
itt so much the more. 

If as an Englishman I may give my Free thoughts, and 
as I have the Hapiness of being in that Number, shall main- 
tain that Invaluable Privilege. 

I most humbly think that that Sum of money or Exspence 
might be much better layd out, from the following Reasons : 

As it neyther conduces to the advantage of the Company, 
nor to the Private Traders, but on the Contrary, to the vast 
Damage and Loss of Boath, not but itts absolutely necessary 
to be Coun . . . with one Man of War a yeare, to be always 
stationed, but under Strikt and proper Regulations. My 
Resons in Respekt to the Company, the Stopidge of Trade, 
while they are upon the Coast in Common with the private 
Traders, the Vast Charge and Exspence they are put to, in 
Presents, Sallutes and Entertainments, to all the Gentlemen 
at the Out Forts, but more Esspessially at Cape Coast Castle, 
where they Generally Rendezvous, put on there their Sick &c., 
it must be a verey Great Exspence where Bad Mutton and 
Goats Flesh is never under Twelve Pence p. pound, and hapey 
are those that can purchase it, at 13d. or 146?. p. pound ; a 
Coople of Sixpeney Fowles in your Market would reach three 
or four Shillings, and every thing ells in proportion. My 
Second, the Damages they do the Private Traders as well as 
the Company, that instead of being a Protection and 
Incouridgment for the trade, thier Business is to finde out 
every little Creake and Corner, to se what Gould, Teeth, or 
Slaves they can purchase and what Goods they can Vende. 
Itts Imagined they have amonst them Twenty Five Thousand 
Pound worth of goods, though some says a great deale more, 
by this means they soon turne his Majesty's Men of Warr 
into Floating Warehouses, forgetting not to bring men with 
them to manage your Trade, People that has been Servants 
to the Company. No company or private Trade can 
pretende to vie with those whose Exspences are bore out 
by the Goverment ; they undersell and beat down the prises, 
and consequently while hear get all the Trade into their own 
Hands, and itts known to all Traders, when once the Prices 
of Goods are lowered how difficult it is to raise them again 

Wt. 20757. Ex 16 



242 

to their former Standard. The Royal Company are from 
these and divers other Considerations but in a Languid 
Condittion (and well they may), if all things be considered, 
labouring under so many Disscouridgments. 

But if they be lookt on in another Light, are a very Rich 
Company, and may yet be made with a little Indulgence 
one of the most flourishing in England, in respekt of taking 
of our manufactures. The -Dutch or French would Skip to 
purchase these Eight Forts, at 200,0002. , though was they 
to dooble it, it would be no deere Bargain (doubtless the 
Charge of Building must have been immence in this distant 
part of the Worlde where materials are so Deare), but should 
they be oblidged to part with them, to raise a Funde to carey 
on thier Trade upon the River of Gambia 300 es. would turne 
to exceeding Good Account well managed and imploy all 
that Stock, but what would be the Consequence ? They in 
Effeckt in such a Sale would convey over Jamaica, Barbadoes, 
Neviss, St. Christopher's and indeed all the Suger Islands, 
as well as the whole Continent, from which our Nation reaps 
yearly such fine advantages. 

The Purchasers would soone refunde themselves of the 
advanct money at our Cost, in the Prises they would put upon 
the Slaves, which they onely in a Short time would supply, 
and then Shortly would not suffer an English Ship or English 
effects to appear upon the Coast, or humble us to Intolerable 
Contributions, as now the Dutch practices towards the 
Portages [? Portuguese], from whom they purchast most of 
thier Forts. 

Upon these Considerations the Company's Forts are of as 
much value to Our Settlements in America, as Gibralter and 
Port Mahoon are to the Trade of the Mediteranian (though 
of not that Cost to the Nation), and therefore must not upon 
any account bee parted with. 

But should the Goverment be indust to take them into 
thier own hands, instead of 10,OOOZ. per annum now given, in 
a little time it would run them to an Exspence of ten times 
as much, and itts two obvious that Trade Seldom Florishes 
under a Milletary Goverment. 

Upon the whole itts my Humble Opinion that if the 
Parliment please to take this Affaire under thier serious 
Consideration, and bestow the two thirds of the Exspence 
they was at, in sending the Men or Warr, added to the Ten 
Thousand Pound annually given, or Fix upon them a Standing 
Funde, which would be a more Incouraging Seurity, as they 
hi thier Wisdoms should think fit, that would set them upon 
the levell of, Mijn Heer the Dutch, or any other nation, and 
raise the drooping Heads of the Brave English, and not suffer 
us to loose the Sale of Two or Three Hundred Thousand 
Pounds worth of our British manufacure (sic) pureserwant 
of a suitable Incourigement, to Carey the business on, the 
Charges would not be felt to the Nation, But London, Bristol, 



243 

Exeter, Norweech, Taunton, Coventree, Leeds, Manchester, 
Coulchester, Birmingham, Lynn, &c., would soone reape 
the Happy Effects, by having a great many People set to 
Worke in a Flourishing Business, which is the onely thing 
desirable, the African Company must receive a great Benefit 
by it, but the great Consequence is to the Trade of England. 

Worthy Gentlemen, if what I have wrote receives your 
Approbation, shall think myselfe Hapey. I then beg youll 
please to represent it to your Worthy members, that the 
next Sitting of Parliament, they will make an Interest with 
the Best of the Manuacturing Cittys and Corporations and 
Friends, that a Bill may be brought in accordingly to the 
Purpose desired, and if your Members please to recomende 
me to the Right Honble. Sir Robert Walpole* or to the 
Governors and Directors of the Royall African Company it 
may be of great service. I shall be anxtious of knowing the 
reseption this may have. Youll do me a particuler Honour 
if youll be so kinde to wright to me, directed to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Parker in Lynn Bp. Norfolke. I wish you all Prosperity 
and Success, and am though a Stranger to your Greet Body, 
Gentlemen, Your most obedient Humble Servant, Robt. Parker. 

All the use the natives has for the many Thousand pound 
worth of Cloaths of all Soarts that they buy up yearly, is onely 
to Weare Round their Wasts, having no other Close or uses 
for it except for Perpetts and Long Ells vast quantities of 
which gose up the Country a Thousand or fifteen Hundred 
Milde (sic), and thare taken to peices and Workt up again 
into Cloaths of a very great Price. 

Irish Cloth. 

L. 499. Exeter, March 31, 1739. Mr. Thomas Heath 
writes to Mr. John Score : At a meeting of the Chamber, 
Citizens, Principall Inhabitants, Makers and buyers of 
Woollen Goods at the Guildhall on Tuesday Last to 
consider how the Trade of this Town and the adjacent 
Counties may be affected by the Resolutions lately 
formed in the House of Commons in the Woollen Com- 
mittee, it was by every one thought highly proper to petition 
the Parliament that the Duty of 4d. per Stone now payable 
on the Exportation of Wool out of Ireland might be taken off, 
and that the liberty of Importing Wool and Woollen Yarn 
in registered Ships from Ireland might be extended to the 
Southern and Eastern portions of this Kingdom and par- 
ticularly to the port of Exeter. A petition in this sense 
has been prepared, which he forwards to Mr. John Score for 
presentation to the House. He is to consult with our two 
members [Sir Henry Northcote and John King of Ockham], 
who are now both in town, one or other of whom should 

* He was First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer 
from June, 1727, to Feb. 11, 1742, 



244 

present it, or if they think it advisable it should be presented 
by Sir William Yonge [of Escott, M.P. for Honiton], who 
is the Chairman of the Committee. By the next post several 
other petitions will be sent up, from Manufacturing towns 
such as Crediton, Newton, Oakhampton, Totnes, Moreton 
and Ottery, Plymouth and Lyme, and it is hoped that the 
movement will extend to Yarmouth, Norwich and Hull. [For 
Act of 26 George II, c. 8 (1752), see Oliver, 271.] 

In L. 500, London, April 10, 1739, John Score writes to the 
Mayor : Sir, My last was of the 7th inst., since which I am not 
favoured with any from you. I was this morning at Sir H. 
[i.e. Sir Henry Northcote's], who was goeing to Mr. Balles 
[of Mamhead, late M.P. for Exeter] in order to present the 
Three Petitions from Crediton, Moreton and Ottery, and to 
talk with the Lyme, Totnes and Okehampton Members. 
You will See by the Inclosed Notes of the 6th [Commons 
Journals, xxiii, 320] that a Bill was Read a Second Time to 
encourage the Linnen Manufacture of Scotland, to allow the 
full Drawback on all Soap, Ashes. Starch &c., and in their 
Printed Case they Sett forth that England hath the full Draw- 
back on Soap used in the Woollen Manufactories, which not 
being true, I have given the State of that affaire to be 
Printed, if Sir Harry and Mr. Balle think fitt, and praying 
the same favoure to us as Scotland ; they intend with 
Mr. Carrew [? Thomas Carew of Crowcombe, M.P. for Mine- 
head] &c., to wait upon the Speaker this morning, as the 
Bill is Committed for to-morrow, therefore no time is to be 
lost, but I think a Petition should be sent by next Post to 
desire a Change in the Scots Act. 

1st Duty, Id. p. pound was (sic) to Queen Ann, one Third 
part is drawn back. 

2nd Duty, \d. p. pound to Queen Ann, the whole Drawn 
back, 8d. p. doz. still remaining a Burthen, which on 800 Dozen 
hi a year is 261. 13s. 4d. You'l be pleased communicate this 
with my service at all Commands, the City's and your most 
humble servant, John Score. 

I send the Votes to the Mayor of Tiverton and Taunton 
this Post, please to write them and if you think fitt send 
Copy of this Letter. 

In L. 501, London, April 17, 1739, John Score writes to 
the Mayor : Sir, I am favoured with yours of ye 16th inst. 
Sir Henry and Mr. Balle have really Acted their utmost you'l 
See in the Votes Petition from Southampton and Poole ordered 
to lay on the Table. 

The Wooll Bill will be brought in to-day. 

The Scots Bill is put off for 5 Weakes, so I have Stopt the 
Presenting our Petition about Soap, as I have no answere 
from Plymouth, Taunton or Tiverton. Sir Harry desired 
me to Send you the Inclosed [not preserved]. I was with 



245 

Mr. Scroope [M.P. for Lyme] last Tuesday near an hour about 
ye Soap affair. He told me the drawbacks doe not exceed 
11,000?. a year. 

Fall of Walpole. 

L. 504. Nov. 25, 1742. The Chamber send instructions 
to Sir Henry Northcote, Baronet, and Humphrey Sydenham, 
Esquire, M.P.'s for Exeter [i.e. in Parliament of Jan. 25, 1741, 
to Jan. 18, 1747] : We saw with the utmost pleasure in the Last 
Session, the Wisdom, Vertue and Steadiness of this House of 
Commons baffle all the Acts of Corruption and procure the 
removal at least from publick Employment of those Persons 
who had been the principal Instruments of bringing both our 
fforeign and Domestic affairs into their present unhappy 
Situation. We most earnestly recommend to you the 
promoting with your utmost Vigour a Law for restoring 
Triennial Parliaments, a law the necessity of which is every 
day increased by the Growing Influence of Corruption, as it 
was obtained [i.e. in 1694] from our great Deliverer King 
William hi the Heat of a most expencive and Dangerous 
French War, and we flatter our selves that you will not Suffer 
your selves to be misled by the Amusement of Annual Parlia- 
ments thrown out without the Least intention of being carried 
on to Effect. 

We further recommend to it you that you use your utmost 
Endeavours by an Effectual and not a Nominal Place Bill 
to reduce the number of Placemen in your House to a Safe 
and Moderate Proportion, and we most earnestly recommend 
it to you to Deferr your Consent to the supplies for the Ensuing 
year, till Satisfaction hath been given the nation in those 
Constitutional Points, which we have already pointed out to 
you, even though " we are convinced of the Justice of the 
present Warr with Spain in Vindication of the Rights of our 
Navigation and Commerce and of the Necessity of Supporting 
the Queen of Hungary [i.e. Maria Theresa] against the 
Exorbitant Power of France, which threatens all Europe 
with Slavery," and " are Desirous of Contributing our utmost 
Efforts to enable his Majesty to carry on the Warre he is 
engaged hi with Vigour, to Discharge the Publick Faith 
Engaged to Our Allies and to take every Step which Shall be 
requisite to maintain the Ballance of Power and preserve 
the Liberty s of Europe." 

In L. 505, Nov. 27, 1742, Sir Henry Northcote writes 
to Mr. Gandy, Attorney at Law in Exeter [i.e. Henry 
Gandy, Town Clerk] that he has received the instructions 
and will not scruple to obey them. By the next Post 
(according to Custom) they shall be printed, but Mr. 
Sydenham " seems extremely nettled at several passages 
in the Instructions, and declares if they are printed he will 
Complain to the House of a breach of privilidge against the 



246 

Printer. However that shall not deter me from Communi- 
cateing them to the Publick, which I take to be the Desire 
and also the Intention of the Chamber." 

In L. 506, London, Nov. 30, 1742, Sir Henry Northcote 
writes to Mr. Gandy : I beg leave to Acquaint you that I am 
advised by a great number of my Friends not to print the Exeter 
Instructions till we see the fate of Mr. Farley ; who I find Mr. 
Sydenham is determined to complain off to the House of 
Commons. His Friend Mr. Davy (haveing little else to doe) hath 
been with every Printer in Towne, to threaten them with the 
consequences so loudly talk'd off by my Worthy Colleague, 
in case they shall presume to print those representations ; 
so that in fact, no person, will undertake it without an 
Indemnification from me in writeing, which Mr. Fazakerley 
says will be a most Improper Instrument for me to sign. 

I must desire you to Communicate the Contents of this 
Letter to the Mayor and Chamber, that they may not think 
me guilty of any neglect in this affair. 

P.8. I should be glad to know the Sentiments of the 
Chamber about printing these Instructions by the return 
of the Post. 

The Young Pretender. 

L. 507. Whitehall, Feb. 24, 1743(44). Two Copies of a 
printed letter from the Lords of the Council to Robert, Lord 
Walpole, Gustos Rotulorum for Devon [since May 9, 1733. 
Doyle, ii, 709, where this is wrongly supposed to be Robert 
Walpole 's son], informing him that : " Whereas his Majesty 
hath received undoubted Intelligence of the Arrival of the 
Pretender's Eldest Son in France, and that Preparations are 
making at Dunkirk* for an Invasion of this Kingdom, in 
Concert with disaffected Persons here, which Invasion is 
to be supported by the French Squadron that has been for 
some time cruizing in the Channel." He is therefore com- 
manded to see that the laws against Papists are put in 
execution with the utmost diligence, specifying Stat. 35, 
Eliz., cap. 2 ; 3 James I, cap. 415 ; 30 Charles II, cap. 1 ; 
1 William and Mary, cap. 8. 9, 15 ; and to suppress all Riots 
Tumults and unlawful Assemblies. 

In L. 508, Whitehall, Aug. 1, 1745, is a printed proclamation 
by the Lords Justices : Whereas we have received Information 
that the Eldest Son of the said Pretender did lately embark 
in France in order to land in some Part of his Majesty's 
Kingdoms. They promise a reward of 30,OOOZ. to anyone 
who shall seize and secure the said son of the said Pretender, 
so as that he be brought to Justice. [See also Misc. Papers, 
Proclamations, 1744-1776; Horace Walpole's Letters ii, 124; 
Aug. 7, 1745.] 

* See Horace Walpole, Letters, ii, pp. 4, 11, Feb. 9, March 1, 5, 1744. 



247 

In L. 509, Kensington, Sept. 5, 1745, is a printed letter 
from the Lords of the Council to Lord Robert [Walpole], 
Earl of Oxford, Gustos Rotulorum for the County of Devon : 
Whereas the Eldest Son of the Pretender hath presumed 
in open violation of the Laws to land in the North-West Part 
of Scotland* and hath Assembled a considerable Number of 
traiterous and rebellious Persons in Arms who have set up a 
Standard in the Name of the Pretender and in an audacious 
manner have resisted and attacked some of His Majesty's 
Forces and are now advancing further in that part of His 
Majesty's Kingdom of Great Britain ; and there is the greatest 
Reason to apprehend that these wicked Attempts have been 
encouraged, and may be supported by a Foreign Force. 
They therefore desire him to enforce the laws against Papists, 
prevent tumults, assemblies, &c., &c., [as in L. 507]. 

In L. 510, Sept., 1745, the Mayor writes to the Duke of Dorset 
[i.e. Lionel Cranfield Sackville, President of the Council since 
Jan. 3, 1745] that in obedience to his Grace's letter of the 
5th instant [L. 509] he has made search for Papists, recusants, 
arms, ammunition, &c., &c., and sends an account of the 
results of his enquiries, viz., that 9 papists had been sum- 
moned and 6 others who were suspected to be non-jurors 
giving their names and occupations (i.e. fullers, upholsters 
taylors, whitebakers, joiners, victuallers) ; such as refused 
to take the oath were ordered not to remove more than 5 miles 
from their houses, which were searched by the Constables, 
but no arms, weapons, gunpowder, Ammunition or horses 
were found. They all Expressed the Strictest regard to the 
present Royal family upon the Throne, though their Religion 
would not give them leave to Subscribe the Declaration of the 
30th of King Charles. 

In L. 511 (1745) is a draft address from the Chamber to the 
King : We your dutifull and obedient Subjects, under whose 
auspicious reign we have altogether enjoyed Blessings of the 
first Magnitude and doubt not to see you shortly arbitrate 
the Fate of the Western World," being "astonished at the 
mad and rash proceedings of the audacious Pretender, though 
no way apprehensive that Your Majesty's affairs will suffer 
or be retarded by his inconsiderable diversion." They assure 
His Majesty that " we are by duty and principle steadily 
inclined to sacrifice all that is ours to promote yours and the 
common cause and that no part of Your Majesty's Dominions 
shall ever manifest a more forward zeal to discountenance 
and oppose all your Adversarys than we of this your Loyall 
Citty. 

May Your Majesty speedily see the hand of God displayed 
against all that would insult Your Coast or dare any way 

* i.e. At Loughnamuagh on July 25 (O.S.), 1745, Mahon iii, 208 ; i.e. Aug. 2, 
1745, D.N.B., x, 109. 



248 

countenance and assist Your cruell Invaders, that you may 
successfully go on to make Your name more and more glorious 
by humbling that haughty Tyrant who hath so long harrast 
and injured his Innocent neighbours. 

South Sea Annuities. 

L. 512. June 12, 1745. Printed receipt to John Newcombe, 
Thomas Heath [Treasurer of St. John's Hospital] and 
Francis Brayne for transfer of 20 11. 145. 8d. in the Joint 
Stock of South Sea Annuities, and a like receipt for 53J., 
Sept. 3, 1754. [See Treasury Papers, 1742-1745, pp. 625, 
635, 733, 817.] 

In L. 536, London, May 6, 1760, Nathaniel Paice sends to 
Mr. Benjamin Heath [Town Clerk] a note of interest received 
on 431Z. 105. Qd. South Sea Annuities, i.e. 511. 5s. Qd. from 
Oct. 10, 1755, to Oct. 10, 1758, less his commission at 2s. 6d.= 
11 Os. 6d. 

L. 537, 538. London, May 13, Dec. 30, 1760. The same 
to the same in regard to the balance of the late Mr. Thomas, 
Hauth's account.* 

In L. 523 (undated) are Proceedings at ye General meetings 
of the Exeter Second Annuitant Society. 

Gaming Houses. 

L. 517 (undated ? 1750). Draft of a Constable's Warrant 
for searching any Common house, alley, or place of Bowling 
Coyting, Cloysh, Cayle, half-Bowl, Tennis, Dicing Table or 
Carding of any other manner of game prohibited by Stat. of 
3 Henry VIII. 

Streets of Exeter. 

L. 527. New Inn, Exeter, Nov. 27, 1754. Minutes 
of a meeting of the Citizens to consider an application to 
Parliament for a Bill for cleansing and lighting the Streets, 
of Exeter. [For Act of 1 George III, c. 28 (1760), see Oliver 
271.] 

In L. 571, Exeter, Jan. 2, 1769, is a handbill calling a 
meeting of the citizens to petition Parliament that the Turnpike 
Road be extended fiom the Bottom of St. David's Hill to the 
End of Paul's Street, or Waterbeer Lane or the Conduit 
as they shall think fit. 

In Book 51, /. 226, is an Acte of Parliament for paving, 
the Streetes yn the Citie of Excester [? 6 Edward IV, 1466-7. 
Oliver, 269] ; also in Book 52, /. 2296 (undated), where it 
begins : " Sheweth to your descrete wysdomes the Mayor, 

* For the South Sea Company 1729, 1750, see Horace Walpole, 
Letters, iii , 20. 



240 

bayliffes and Commonaltie "... ends : " The pavement 
so by theym made or other wyse by agreement." 

In D. 1813, Nov. 26, 1706, the Chamber authorises Samuel 
Izaacke, Gent. [Chamberlain], to demand, receive and take 
duties of wheelage of all wagons and carts coming into the 
City with wheels bound with iron towards the reparation of the 
streets of the City till Dec. 24, 1707. 

In D. 1797, Oct. 10, 1698, the Chamber appoints Robert 
Newcombe to collect wheelage in the City. 

In D. 1827, Feb. 2, 1724, is a similar appointment to Otho 
Channon of St. Sidwells, sergemaker. 

For action (Ward v. Hunt) as to wheelage, see Law Papers, 
1707. 

For an Act for amending Roads and widening Exebridge, 
see Law Papers, 1773 [i.e. 13 George III, c. 109 Oliver, 272]. 

In D. 1826, Sept. 3, 1723, are agreements between the 
Mayor &c. and Henry Furzman of Exeter, husbandman, to 
carry away " the dirt and filth of the streets of Exeter as the 
Common Scavenger." 

For other agreements with the City Scavengers, see Misc. 
Papers, 1730, 1731, 1758, 1800. 

Book 206 (A.D. 1794) is a Book of the Committee for Paving, 
Lighting and otherwise improving the streets of Exeter. 

Book 207 contains proceedings of the same Committee 
(1794). 

Impressed Men. 

L. 530. Jan. 27, 1757. Sworn Information of 4 constables 
that on Tuesday, Jan. 25th last, they did apprehend and 
impress 6 persons who were seamen and biought them before 
the Mayor and Justices the next morning, who deemed that they 
were proper persons to serve His Majesty as Sailors, and 
ordered the Constables to conduct them to a Tender lying 
off Exmouth and belonging to the Sunderland man-of-war. 
This the Constables did and tendered them to William Grant, 
a Lieutenant, who appeared to be the Commanding Officer 
on board the Tender. Grant refused to take any of them 
except two, and even for these he would not give a Receipt 
except as landsmen. The Constables describe them as 
" young and able " or " young and lusty Fellows," and they 
complain that owing to Grant's refusal they have been deprived 
of His Majesty's Bounty, which they claimed from the Collector 
of Customs. 

In L. 531, War Office, Feb. 22, 1757. Viscount Barrington 
[Secretary at War, 1755-1760] writes to the Mayor : Owing 
to a defect in the late Act for Recruiting His Majesty's Land 



250 

Forces, your City has as yet been deprived of an opportunity 
of shewing their zeal for the King's service, but the new Act, 
which has lately received the Royal Assent, has Remedied 
the Defect. The Mayor is accordingly to summon the Justices 
to meet not later than March 2nd next. Col. Duroune, whose 
head quarters are at Exeter, will send a proper officer to attend 
you at all your Meetings to receive such Volunteers as shall 
present themselves and such Impressed Men as you shall deliver 
to him within the Description of the Act. 

Endorsed, " Letter about the Pressing Act," with note, 
" Advertise for Volunteers. All Hallo wes on the Walls." 

In L. 532, War Office, April 1, 1757, Thomas Tyrwhitt 
writes to the Town Clerk, Benjamin Heath, Esq., acknow- 
edging receipt of his letter March 30th, enclosing a return of 
Volunteers and pressed men raised for his Majesty's service. 

In L. 534, Nov. 3, 1757, Benjamin Heath, Town Clerk, writes 
to Major Beck with, as being the Commanding Officer here, 
informing him of the dates fixed between Nov. 22 and Jan. 19th 
next for the meetings of the Commissioners for the Execution 
of the Act for the more speedy Recruiting His Majesty's Land 
Forces and marines, and asking the name of the Officer who 
shall have been nominated to attend. 

Li L. 553, War Office, Sept. 28, 1765, the Secretary at War 
thanks the Mayor for Committing a deserter to gaol. For 
similar letters of thanks from the War Office to the Mayor, 
see L. 555 (Dec. 14, 1765) and L. 556 (Jan. 7, 1766) ; also 
from the Admiralty in L. 567 (Aug. 20, 1766). 

Freedom of the City. 

L. 533. Bell Yard, April 28, 1757. W. Davy [see L. 575, 
where he forwards a document to the Chamber on July 3, 
1771] writes to the Town Clerk : Every one knows that it 
has been the constant infamous Practice of those whose Hearts 
are not English to recriminate the Charge of Disaffection 
upon their Accusers, and these very Gentlemen, Mr. Pitt and 
Mr. Legge, are upbraided for the Connections with those at the 
Cocoa Tree. May not then their Enemies upon this occasion 
frame the Complex Idea of Royal Oak, and so misinterpret 
the poore Intention of this Compliment ? May not the 
Gentlemen under the apprehension of such Misrepresentation 
find themselves embarrassed ? And is it fit that so wise and 
respectable a Body as the City of Exeter should do any Thing 
which may possibly admit of the least Cavil or Misrepresenta- 
tion ? 

If I presume to present the Instruments [i.e. the freedom 
of the City] without any Boxes at all, that would not only be 
an express departing from my Orders, but would also be 
below the City's character. Aiid as the City of Bath make 



251 

their Compliments in Gold Boxes, that also may be another 
Reason for altering your Measures. 

To present Gold Boxes will occasion no Loss of Time ; for 
the method then would be (as was done in the City of London) 
to draw up 2 Orders of Chamber that the Freedom of the 
City be presented to Mr. Pitt* (and another to Mr. Leggef) as a 
public Testimonial &c. (as worded in the present Instruments), 
and that the same be presented in a Gold Box. These Orders 
I should wait on them with immediately, so that paying the 
Compliment would not be delayed a moment ; and when 
the Boxes are prepared (perhaps a fortnight afterwards), 
I should present the Act of Admission to their Freedom. For 
instance, the Boxes from London will not be compleated this 
month yet, because of the great variety of work in them, 
but Mr. Pitt and Mr. Legge have been in full Possession of 
the Honour ever since the Order of Common Council was 
presented, though the Acts of Admission to their Freedom 
of the City are to be delivered hereafter in the Boxes. 

I have enquired what price such Boxes would bear, and 
find that the Utmost (if made plain and only engraved with 
the City's Arms) would be 251. each, and I suppose they may 
be made for much less. 

[For the Shower of Gold Boxes, see Horace Walpole's Letters, 
iv, 71 ; Mahon, iv, 102.] 

In L. 548, Lincoln's Inn Fields, March 1, 1764, C. Pratt 
[i.e. Sir Charles Pratt, Chief Justice of Common Pleas, who 
issued the warrant for the release of John Wilkes, May 6, 
1763] sends to Mr. Benjamin Heath [Town Clerk] a letter 
of thanks for the freedom of the City, which had been presented 
to him. Adding : I feel an uncommon pleasure in this 
Testimony of Good Will from the City of Exeter, as it is the 
Capital of that County where my Father and All His Ancestors 
took theii Birth, and where I myself heretofore received an 
encouragement in my practice far beyond my merits. [For 
freedom of the City of London granted to him, see Horace 
Walford's Letters, vi, 21, Feb. 24, 1764. For his portrait in the 
Guildhall at Exeter, see Oliver, 214.] 

In L. 588, Castle Hill, Sept, 25, 1778, Lord Fortescue [i.e. 
Matthew Lord Fortescue, Deputy Lieutenant for County 
Devon] thanks the Town Clerk for his letter informing him 
of the election of himself and his son to the freedom. 

In L. 589 (same date), Mr. Hugh Fortescue [son of above] 
writes to the Town Clerk to the same effect. 

In L. 590, Buckland Downs, Sept. 27, 1778, is a letter to 
the same effect from Sir William Lemon ; also in L. 591 

* i.e. after his dismissal April 5, 1757. 

f i.e. Henry Bilson Legge, Chancellor of the Exchequer. 



252 

(Bruton Street, March 19, 1782) from Sir Robert Palk [formerly 
Governor of Madras] ; also in L. 593 (Walmer Castle, Oct. 6, 
1782) from Lord North [i.e. Frederic Lord North, Prime 
Minister, 1770-1782], in which he refers to " that important 
Station, which I lately held hi the service of the Crown." 

In L. 594 (undated) is a draft resolution of the Chamber 
to present the freedom of the City to Lord Cornwallis. They 
refer to him as one " whose unremitted Perseverance, good 
Conduct and consummate Bravery during a long and active 
service in America have sadly entitled him to every mark of 
Distinction and Respect and the Lustre of whose Character 
still remains undiminished although by the Events of War 
his zealous Endeavors in the Service of his Country have 
unfortunately proved ineffectual." [He capitulated at 
Yorktown, Oct. 19, 1781, and arrived hi London, March 19, 
1782. Cornwallis Correspondence,, i, 51, 52, 136.] 

On the dorse : 

Resolved that the Freedom of the City be presented to 
Lieut. Col. Simcoe for his very able and spirited Behaviour in 
America, and this Body have a peculiar Satisfaction in paying 
this Mark of their Respect to an Officer, who having spent 
the earlier part of his Life in this City has since proved himself 
an Ornament to his Profession. 

L. 595 (undated) is a Copy of Lord Cornwallis' acceptance. 
He adds : " The severe blow which the British Arms have 
sustained in America, and which has so unfortunately fallen 
on my head impresses me with the deepest concern, although 
I am supported by a Consciousness of having exerted the 
utmost of my abilities to prevent it." 

In L. 596 (undated) is a pencilled draft of a resolution to 
present the freedom of the City to Sir George Augustus Elliott, 
K.B. [i.e. since April 23, 1783], Lieutenant General of his 
Majesty's Forces, " who, with a Firmness, Perseverance and 
Intrepidity unequalled in the History of this or any other 
Country for many years successfully resisted and at last by 
one great effort of Skill and Bravery totally defeated a great 
and powerful force sent by the united powers of France and 
Spain for the reduction of that important Fortress of 
Gibraltar."* 

In L. 597 (undated) is a pencilled draft of a speech on 
presenting the freedom of the City to Lord Hood [i.e. Samuel 
Baron Hood of Catherington, cr. May 28, 1782] : His Majesty 
having been pleased to call your Lordship into the more active 
line of your profession opened to you an occasion of displaying 
to the world those consummate abilities and that intrepidity 
of spirit to which the Companions of your service and the 

* i.e. till Oct., 1782. He returned to England in 1787. Mohun vii., 196. 



253 

enemy to whom you have been opposed alike bear testimony. 
But I should ill perform the Commission I have received 
if I did not particularly and in ye most honourable terms on 
this occasion mention the ever memorable Action of ye 
12 April (sic), 1782, in which ye Glory of ye British Navy 
shone forth with unexampled Lustre [i.e. the defeat of the 
French fleet off Dominica]. 

Also draft of a Resolution presenting the freedom to the 
Honourable Henry Hood as "a further Testimony of their 
gratitude to the noble Lord his father." 

In L. 598, Mamhead, Wednesday morning, s.a., James 
Lowther [i.e. Baron Lowther, cr. May 24, 1784] writes to the 
Town Clerk : 

He apologises for not having acknowledged receipt of his 
letter earlier, adding : With regard to the subject of it I must 
beg leave to observe that His Royal Higness* (sic) has never 
upon similiar occasions been call'd upon for those Fees that are 
necessarily and very properly exacted from a private Gentle- 
man. 

Considering myself as such, and highly sensible of the 
Honor I received, which however at Exeter, as at all other 
places was bestowed as an additional favour to that given 
to H.R.H., I submit myself to your Judgment upon it and 
beg to know what the Usual Fees are. I am, Sir, Your very 
obedient humble Servant, 

Ja. Lowther. 

In L. 600 (undated), James Holman applies to "the 
Sheriff Officer for the Citty and County of Exeter," for 
payment of his account, 21. lls. Qd. for going to Exmouth 
after the Recorder and three days' Express to Honiton 
to meet the Duke of Gloucester. " Alderman Moore Ex- 
cepted the bill and promised to pay mee, But waiting ever 
since for my money, and at Last Refused to pay mee, 
Saying hee has paid money anuff for the Chamber alreday, 
tharefor should go to the man Iploid mee. I now Gentlemen 
ably to you for payment, which hope you will grant, from 
youre Humble Servant, 

James Holman. 

L. 599, June 9, 1784. James Holman's receipt for 21. Is. 

In L. 614, Colyton, Monday morning, s.a., Sir John Pole 
sends a letter of thanks to the Town Clerk [Henry Ley, 1775- 
1814] " for the honour they have done him." 

Election of 1761. 

LL. 539-542a. Exeter, March 7-13, 1761. Five printed 
election squibs, one of which recommends Mr. Praed as a 

* i.e. William Henry, Duke of Gloucester, brother to George IJJ, 



254 

Proper Person to represent us in Parliament [i.e. for the 
Parliament that sat from May 19, 1761, till March 11, 1768, 
to which John Tuckfield (d 1766) and John Walter of Bicton 
were re-elected on March 26, 1761. See. Freeman, 223.] 

In L. 557, Pall Mall, Jan. 23, 1766, John Walter* sends 
50/. to the Mayor to be distributed by him among the necessitous 
poor of the City. 

For action of the Chamber of Exeter v. Rioters in the 
Election, see Law Papers, 1761. 

The Provost Court. 

L. 544, 1763. Directions for the Stewards respecting 
proceedings in the Provost Court.f Inter alia they are to 
take 3d. for the Town Clerk ior every plaint for a debt under 
40s. and for every debt of 40s. or upwards they are to take 
Is. for themselves and 2s. 3%d. for the Plaint, and Duty to be 
paid to the Town Clerk when called for. The document con- 
tains a list of 19 plaintiffs and defendants, with the amount 
of their Claims and the names of their Attorneys. It is 
endorsed "Mr. Receiver Collins Plaint Book." 

For the Provost Court Books, A.D. 1507-1881, see Books 
114-135. 

For Provost Court Rolls, A.D. 1328-1702 (with gaps), see 
Stuart Moore's Calendar, vol. ii. 

For seal of the Court, " S' prepositorum civitatis Exonios " 
or " Sigillum pretorii Exonios civitatis," see D. 717, Jan. 17, 
1298. 

The Land Tax. 

L. 530 dors. April 21, 1757. The Commissioners of the 
Land Tax for the City of Exeter summon Joseph Bass to 
appear before them at the Guildhall on Wednesday, May 5th, 
to account for the money collected by him as Collector of the 
Reassessment of the Land Tax made in the year 1754 on the 
Parish of St. Mary Steps, which he had not yet returned to 
the Sheriff or the Receiver General, but had fraudulently 
converted to his own use. 

L. 550. Office for Taxes, May 25, 1765. John Trenchard 
and others write to the Mayor desiring him to call a meeting 
of the Commissioners of Land Tax in Exeter and enclosing 
12 Acts of Parliament for appointing Commissioners under 
the Land Tax Act passed in 17654 

Li L. 561, Office for Taxes, March 27, 1766, C. Rigby and 
others write to the Mayor concerning the Land Tax Com- 

* see L. 582. 

f i.e. Curia Praetorii or Curia Provostrice Domini Regis. Freeman, p. 153. 

j For Sir George Greville's promise to reduce the Land Tax before his 
fall on July 10, 1765, see Horace Walpole, Letters, vii. t 87 ; ibid., Memoirs, 
ii., 297- 



255 

missioners, that a General Meeting may be held for putting 
the same in Execution. 

For Copies of Land Tax Rates, A.D. 1740-1751, see Books 
161-167. 

In D. 1853, June 7, 1799, is a certificate of redemption of 
Land Tax on four dwelling houses in Langbroke Street, with 
similar certificates with regard to land in Sowton belonging 
to Seldon's Charity in D. 1854 (June 13, 1800), and a tenement 
called " Haccombe Down " belonging to Lethbridge's Charity 
in D. 1855 (June 13, 1800). 

Steward. 

L. 554. Dec. 6, 1765. Thomas Wilcocks writes to the 
Mayor desiring that his patient Mr. Gattey [? a relative of 
Edward Gattey, Chamberlain from Nov. 17, 1795, to Sept. 15, 
1814 ; Town Clerk 1814 to Jan. 1, 1836] may not be fined 
for not accepting the office of Steward on account of his Indis- 
position. He is afflicted with so great dejection of Spirits as 
even to deprive Him of Reason. [For list of Stewards till 1722, 
see Izacke Tables.] 

Bread Riots. 

L. 558. Jan. 29, 1766. A printed Order in Council for a 
return of the price of corn as the same stood in the month 
of December last and in the present month of January.* 

In L. 559, Honiton, Feb. 3, 1766, Richard Lewis writes 
to Mr. Hayman at Benjamin Heath's, Esquire, desiring to 
know " what particular Idea may be fixed to white, wheaten 
and household bread ; what is denominated household being 
a base mixture of fermented Bran ground down and bolted, 
to which is added the worst kind of meal not rang'd." He 
adds : " I am sorry to hear of Mr. Heath's Ilness, but hope 
he is now better." 

In L. 565, Escott [near Honiton], Aug. 2nd, 1766, Sir George 
Yonge [M.P. for Honiton in 1754, 1768, 1774] writes to the 
Mayor : I am sorry to acquaint you that the Effects of the fury 
of the mob at Ottery have been as follows : viz., Several Farmers' 
Corn forcibly seized and carried to market and sold at 5s. 
per Bushell ; one Mill, a Flour Mill at Ottery, totally destroyed, 
that is all the Tackling of It. At Tipton, another Mill, in 
like Manner destroy'd. In Sidbury Parish, another Mill, 
belonging to Mr. Westcott and Mr. Duke, in like manner 
destroyed, and it seem'd (sic) the mob at Collumpton rose 
again the Day before Yesterday and entirely destroy'd the 
Mills belonging to Mr. Sainthill at Bradninch. On Thursday 
according to our Resolution, I sent in a Paper to be published 
and affixed in Ottery Market Place, as Mr. Drewe did at 

* For embargo on the exportation of corn, Sept. 24, 1766, see Horace 
Walpole, Letters, vii., 42 ; ibid., Memoirs, ii., 260. 



256 

Collumpton. The mob gather'd insulted my Servant and 
intimidated the Cryer, so that he dared not do his duty ; how- 
ever another was found, the Paper was cry'd and affixed. 
On reading, They declared : It would not do, the Gentlemen 
need not trouble themselves, for They would fix the Price 
at 4s. 9d. next Market Day : Upon this I rode into the Town 
yesterday, and told both the Common People and the better 
Sort, that if things were not quiet the Military must be sent 
for : I likewise directed the principal Inhabitants to call a 
Parish Meeting Sunday Evening to communicate to the 
Town the fatal Consequences of such Proceedings. I hope 
this will have the Desired Effect, especially if Honiton Market 
to-day should happily imitate the Peace and good order of 
Exeter, and I shall do myself the Honour of acquainting you 
with what happens to-day at Honiton if I learn it time enough 
to send by the Post this Evening. But if things should go 
111, I should be glad to know if there are any Troops at Exeter 
or near It (I understand there are some at Tiverton), though 
I hope in God there will be no need of such extreme measures. 
Mr. Drewe has sent in Corn to Collumpton Market, and 
Mr. Duke and myself have sent in some to Honiton Market. 
I have order'd mine to be sold at 5s. 3d. and 5s. 6d. p. Bushell 
to the Poorer Sort, as we have resolved to keep rather above 
the Price dictated by the Mob. I shall send to the Millers to 
know if they can part with any Flour, and I should be glad 
to know if any more rice can be had from Exeter at the Price 
you mention. [See Mahon, v, 166.] 

In L. 566 (undated) the Mayor replies to Sir George Yonge (L. 
565) : It is very disagreeable and alarming to us (i.e. the Magis- 
trates) to hear of the outrages committeed by the Populace in 
your part of the Country, their Behaviour here hath been attend- 
ed with no ill consequences nor is it likely to be so. On Friday 
night some few poor people showed some uneasiness at the 
high price of wheat and went to the Corn Market telling the 
Farmers that they expected to have it at a more reasonable 
price, whereupon the Town was somewhat alarmed, but some 
of (sic) magistrates appearing there everything was quiet 
immediately the Farmers fell the price of their Corn, and 
what the poor people bought they paid for immediately and 
went off very contentedly without making any further riot 
of disturbance. The next day I desired the Gentlemen of the 
Town to meet me at the Guildhall to consider of some method 
of relief for the poor in respect of the Exorbitant price of 
wheat, when several Gentlemen declared that they had ordered 
for large quantities of wheat from the Eastern Market, which 
they expected in daily and which, when arrived, they would 
sell at prime Cost, viz., about 5s. Qd. p. Bushell. This satisfied 
the people greatly, and for their present Relief we prevailed 
on the Bakers to part with some of their present Stock of 
Flour. This the Chamber bought of them to the (sic) of 



257 

about 90 Sacks, which we are selling to them at l\d. p. lb., 
besides this many Barren's of Rice have been sold out for 
2d. p. lb. This, Sir, hath entirely stopped the progress of the 
Flame, which first appeared to be kindled on this account, 
and the people here by these means together with the Con- 
sequences of any illegal or riotous proceeding having been 
strongly impressed upon them have since behaved very peace- 
ably, and we are not under the least apprehensions of any 
future disturbances. 

L. 576. April, 1772. Whereas a most daring Robbery was 
committed on Tuesday last by a Multitude of Evil disposed 
Persons who assembled themselves in the parish of St. Sidwell and 
did stop a Waggon laden with Flour and with great Force 
and Violence did put to Flight the Drivers of the said Waggon 
and afterwards divided the Flour among themselves. The 
Magistrates therefore offer a reward of 10 guineas for the 
apprehension of either of the two men who first stopped the 
Waggon, and assure the Farmers of their determination to 
suppress all further disturbance by making a great number 
of additional Constables. 

Endorsed : Cry about ye Riot and Robbery. April, 1772. 

In L. 562, War Office, April 22, 1766, Lord Harrington 
[i.e. William Wildman, Secretary at War] writes to the Mayor 
that he has received from Lieutenant-Colonel Maddison a 
detail of some outrageous proceedings and acts of violence 
lately committed by a riotous mob at Exeter. [See L. 566.] 
He thanks the Mayor for his conduct in the matter and desires 
to be informed whether William Smith, an out pensioner of 
Chelsea Hospital, was a ringleader of the mob. If so, he will 
be struck off the pension. 

In L. 604, March 27, 1801, is a printed notice of a resolution 
of certain Gentlemen and Housekeepers in Exeter pledging 
themselves to abstain from the use of butter for one month, 
which in the present very forward state of the grass must 
tend greatly to reduce the price of that article of luxury ; 
with 56 signatures. [See Freeman, p. 227.] 

For papers relating to a supply of herrings obtained by 
the Chamber for the relief of the distressed poor in 1801, see 
Misc. Papers. 

The Cider Tax. 

L. 560. London, Feb. 27, 1766. J[ohn] Walter [M.P. 
for Exeter] writes to the Mayor : Sir, Yesterday 
by the appointment of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
the petitions from the Cyder Countyes were presented 
to the House of Commons, and now lye upon the table 
in order by the direction of Chancellor to be taken up 
on next Wednesday to be Committed to the Committee of 

Wt. 20757. Ex 17 



258 

Ways and Means, when a further progress will be done with 
them, and there is a great reason to expect we shall meet 
with that relief which will be agreable to the City.* 

The Window Tax. 

L. 563. Office for Taxes, June 26, 1766. Edward Younge 
writes to the Mayor enclosing 12 copies of the Act for repealing 
the several Duties upon Houses Windows and Lights, and 
requiring him to summon a General Meeting of the Com- 
missioners for putting the same into Execution.! 

Blundell's Charity. 

L. 564. Tiverton, July 2, 1766. George Davey writes 
to Benjamin Heath, Esq., desiring him to attend a meeting 
of the Trustees of Blundell's School on the 14th inst., to elect 
two Scholars on the foundation. 

In D. 1690a, May 24, 1601, is the counterpart of a receipt 
for 900Z. from the Mayor &c. to the Executors of the will of 
Peter Blundell J of Tiverton, bequeathed for charitable purposes 
where his will is recited. 

For the administration of Blundell's Charity, A.D. 1601 to 
1697, see Books 146-148, including a copy of his will. 

For an account of Blundell's Charity, see Book 53, /. 1376 ; 
Book 54, /. 12. 

Private Letters. 

L. 574 has two letters (Sherborne, March 30, April 28, 1771) 
from Mrs. E. Lacy to Mr. Hayman in Bedford, Exeter, asking 
for small quantities of drugs to be sent from Exeter and to 
ask Farmer Nix or his wife what the hogshead of Cider they 
sent her comes to. 

Volunteers. 

L. 592 (undated, probably 1782). Draft of a letter from 
the Mayor to Lord Shelburn [i.e. Win. Petty, Earl of 
Shelburne, Secretary of State, March 27, 1782 ; Prime Minister 
July 13, 1782], Acknowledges receipt of his Lordship's 
letter of May 7 last, with a plan for raising Corps in the several 
principal Towns in Great Britain, which has been considered 
at several meetings of the Inhabitants of Exeter called for 
that purpose. Some Difference of Opinion having arisen, 
how far the people at large might be willing to adopt it, it 
was proposed, as the surest method of Trial, that a Copy of it 
should be left at the Guildhall to which such persons as were 
inclined to offer themselves for this service, were requested 

* For the Cider Tax passed April, 1763, repealed 1766, see Horace 
Walpole, Letters, v., 450 ; ibid.. Memoirs, ii., 219 ; Mahon, v, 14, 146. 

t Originated 1695, increased in 1747. Lecky v., 299. See Dowell, History 
of Taxation, ii., 188. 

J i.e. Peter Blundell of Tiverton, who died April 18, 1601. For his will 
dated June 9, 1599, see Report on Charities, p. 170 ; Endowed Charities, 
pp. 341, 360. 



259 

to subscribe their names. 1 am sorry to say that after waiting 
many days, one name only was subscribed, and as Your Lordship 
hinted in Your Letter that each Town to whom the Application 
was made was at Liberty to suggest such Alterations in the 
Plan proposed as might make it more suitable to the particular 
Situation and Circumstances of the Place and the Disposition 
of the People, a Committee was appointed in order to prepare 
such a Plan to be laid before your Lordship as they think 
practicable in this Gty and which may be carried into 
Execution with Effect and without any great Expence to 
Government. He therefore encloses a paper containing 
observations on the Plan and also two separate proposals for 
raising Companies of independent Volunteers upon different 
Terms but neither of these documents has been preserved.* 

Daughters of George III. 

L. 610 (undated, but 1766). Address from the Chamber 
to the King (George III) on the birth of a Princessf " also on 
the marriage of the Princess your Royal SisterJ with the 
King of Denmark," and " the Personal Care wherewith your 
Majestic watched over the welfare of your People when by a 
late reasonable Execution of the Prerogative your Majesty 
rescued them from all the miseries of famine. In consequence 
of the late Embargo the Fruits of the Earth are restored to 
your People. " 

L. 611 (undated). Draft of an address from the Mayor &c. 
to the Princess Amelia [youngest child of George III, b. Aug. 7, 
1783, d. Nov. 2, 1810]. 

They beg leave to pay their most dutifull respects unto 
your Royal Highness and to return the most Humble 
Thanks for the Honor you have conferd upon us in 
admitting us into your presence. Truly sensible of the many 
Blessings we have so long enjoyed under the Government of 
his Majestie's royal family whom God hath been pleased to 
make the Instruments of his Goodness towards us his Majestie's 
faithfull subjects retain the highest sense of Gratitude, and 
as they reflect on times that are past and those that are no 
more, so they rest upon a sure and certain Expectation that 
his Majestie's royal ffamily ever will be what they have (sic) 
ever have been the great supporters of the Throne and [blank] 
Protectors of his People. 

A Wild Beast Show. 

L. 615 (undated). A handbill of a Grand Menagerie of Foreign 
Beasts and Birds now Exhibiting in a magnificent Caravan in 

* For Lord Selburne's letter (circ. April, 1782), to towns suggesting enrol- 
ment of volunteers, see Diet. Nat. Biogr. xlv., 122. 

t i.e. Charlotte Augusta Mathilda, 6. Sept. 29, 1766. 

1 i.e. Caroline Mathilda, mar. Christian VII., King of Denmark, Nov. 8, 
1766. 

i.e. the embargo on the exportation of corn, Nov. 11, 17CC. 



260 

the Market place of this Town, printed at Portsmouth by J. 
Breadhower. They include a Tyg er > Lion and Lioness, an 
amazing animal called the Ethiopian Savage or wild man of 
the woods, a Porcupine, a Coarta Munda from the River Nile, 
2 Cockatoos, and 2 beautiful Maccaws, all described in good 
showman fashion. 

The New Market. 

L. 616 (undated). A paper entitled : " Annual Subscrip- 
tions, Dominicals and Surplice Fees of St. Petrock's likely to 
be lost if ye scheme for a new Market takes place." The 
total amount, 13Z. 6s. Wd., with detailed items, including 
losses likely to be incurred by the Minister of St. Petrock and 
St. Kerrian should ye Scheme for taking down the herein 
mentioned Houses take place. 

In L. 623 (undated) is a notice that no fish shall be sold in 
the Fish Market in the Fore Street after 2 p.m. 

Copies. 

L. 621. A number of Copies of Royal Sign Manuals, Orders 
in Council, Letters from the Earl of Bath, Lord Lieutenant of 
Devon and Exeter [see Comm. LXIV, page 10 ; L. 142, p. 85], to 
the Mayor &c. relating to supplies, loans, subsidies, musters 
&c., from 1611 to 1628. They appear to have been copied from 
originals in the possession of the Corporation in a hand of the 
middle of the 18th century and are somewhat injured by damp. 

Sec. V. INVENTORIES OF CHURCH GOODS. 

Seventy-six documents (Nos. 1-75) in connection with 
Commissions appointed in 1552 (6 Edward VI). The Com- 
missioneis appointed for Exeter were the Bishop (Miles 
Coverdale), the Mayor (William Hurst), Sir Thomas Dennys, 
Sir Peter Carew, Richard Chidley (i.e. Chudleigh) and two 
Aldermen (viz., Thomas Prestwood and John Midwinter) ; * 
but the two Knights and Richard Chidley appear to have 
taken no part in the Exeter enquiry except as regards 
St. Sidwells, where they took the place of the Mayor and the 
two Aldermen. (No. 66, Notes and Gleanings, iv, 177.) 

The Commission is dated May 16, 1552, and instructionsf 
to the Commissioners, dated June 10, 1552, will be found 
in Book 55, /. 107& (printed in Surrey Archaeological Collections, 
iv, 190). 

For a letter dated Aug. 14, 1552, from the Council at 
Titchfield to the Exeter Commissioners, see Acts of Privy 
Council, iv, 112. 

The returns were sent up to London to be controlled by a sub- 
sequent Commission which was appointed on Jan. 16, 1553,f 

* See Dep. Keep. 7th Rept. App. II., p. 311. 

f For similar instructions in Northamptonshire see Fuller, Church History, 
p. 417 (edition 1655) ; Alcuin Club, vii., pp. xii-xiv. 

| Dep. Keep. 7th Report, App. II., p. 312 ; Surtte* Society, 97, p. xiv. 



261 

and nine of them still exist in the Public Record Office 
(Exchequer KM. Church Goods, -g^). These have reference 
to the goods found in the churches of All Hallows-on-the- 
Walls ( T \), St. John's Bow ( T 2 j), St. Martin (fr), St. Mary 
Arches (X), St. Olave (-&), St. Pancras (&), St. Paul (), 
St. Petrock's (f ), Holy Trinity ( T 2 ? ). See Dep. Keep., 1th Kept., 
App. II, p. 317. Each consists of one sheet only, and most 
of them are quite legible. All are signed by four of the Com- 
missioners, and each is endorsed with the names of the two 
Churchwardens of the parish concerned. The goods are 
inventoried under the heads of (a) Plate, (b) Vestments and 
other things, with a schedule enumerating the articles "left 
for the necessary ministrations," the latter being usually one 
bell in the steeple (with its weight " by estimation "), a chalice 
(either silver gilt or parcell-gilt), a pall for the corpse (either 
of blue silk or black velvet or yellow velvet with a black cross), 
a few linen table cloths, (varying from to 3 to 11 "good and 
badd "), font cloths (usually 3), a surplice of two, and in the 
case of St. Mary Arches a carpet of " bridges " [i.e. Bruges], 
satin for the Communion table. In the case of the Cathedral 
these articles are called " thinges reserved " (see Nos. 59, 60 ; 
Notes and Gleanings, iii, 61). 

The inventories still existing at Exeter are bound hi a 
volume marked Book 60 H. (called 60 G. in Calendar, n, p. 1117), 
containing 149/f., the documents being well mounted. The 
entries refer to goods found in the Cathedral and all the (19) 
parish churches in Exeter, i.e. in addition to those mentioned 
above, St. Mary Michel or Muchel (i.e. the More), All Hallows, 
Goldsmith Street, St. Sidwells, St. Kyrian (or Quyrine), 
St. Mary Steps, St. David's Downe, St. Edmunds, St. George's, 
St. Lawrence, and St. Stephen's. To each are attached the 
answers made by the Churchwardens to the interrogatories 
of the Commissioners, together with the inventories of the 
goods (both rough drafts and fair copies). Some extracts will 
be found in Notes and Gleanings, Vols. II, III, IV, V, but the 
whole of the contents of the volume have been recently trans- 
cribed for publication by Miss Beatrice Cresswell, to whom 
I am greatly indebted for permission to read through her 
transcript. Several of the entries make reference to previous 
inventories made in 28 Henry VIII (1537) or 3 Edward VI 
(1549) : e.g., " Commanded to make 3 years ago " (St. Paul's) ; 
or April 9, 1549 (St. Sidwell's) ; Sept. 24, 1550 (St. Petrock's) ; 
Dec. 7, 1550 (St. Mary Major). 

At St. David's Down, " two pair of vestiments, surples &c. 
have been stolen," also " at the Commossynge tyme (i.e. the 
Commotion in 1549, page 21 ) our Churche was robyed and toke all 
frome us and that ys now yn the churche whe bofft hit of 
anewe." 

At St. Edmund's the plate had been shifted from house to 
house by the rebels " in the Comocyon tyme," a chalice being 
afterwards found under a man's bed. 



262 

At St. George's a silver cross gilt was delivered to the city 
of Exeter for the use of the haven. (See page 27.) 

At St. John's Bow plate was " sold in ye Comocyon tyme 
for the releif of the poor when the citie was beseiged and for 
mendyng of ye clock," and the Churchwardens say that 
" aboute foure years past 4 sidesmen appeared before Sir Roger 
Blewett, Kt., Anthony Harvey, Esquire, and others of the 
King's Commissioners, and showed one of their accounts of 
which the Commissioners took a copy, telling them that the 
jewels and plate should be safely kept and to be forth coming 
at all time that the King required." 

At St. Kyrian's plate had been sold "for the reparacion 
of the church, releif of the poor in the Comocion tyme, or 
given to the Mayor to be employed upon the haven of Exe." 

At St. Mary Arches a candlestick was sold about 7 or 
years ago for reparation of the church. 

At St. Mary Major is a reference to "ye plate yt ye Citie 
borowed to helpe towards ye bringing hi of ye haven." 

At St. Tolaves or St. Tooles (i.e. St. Olave's), Mr. William 
Paryam [father of John Periam], who had set a coffer with a 
chalice and a pair of vestments of red velvet in the church 
5 or 6 years ago, took it home again with its contents " and 
will not render them." 

At St. Pancras the Churchwardens had "delivered plate 
into the City's hands to ye use of the haven, as appeareth by 
the indenture made betwixte them." Also plate was " stolen 
at the comocyon tyme being hyd in a garden," or " sold at 
the late comocyon for the defence of the rebelles and ayde 
for our solders at that time bestowed." 

At St. Sidwell's "at ye comocion tyme ye church was 
spoyled of all things movable in a manner save only a pyx 
a paten and 2 cruetts." 

In Act Book II, /. 117, Dec. 15, 1551, it is agreed "that 
whereas the wardens with the assent of the parishes of 
St. George, St. Mary Arches, St. Mary the More, St. Stephyn's, 
St. Pancras, St. Tole's and St. Keryan's have gyvvyn to the 
use of the bryngyn upp of the Byver of Exe such parcell of 
plate as particlerly apperith by the Indent's thereof made 
betwene the cetie and them amountyng yn the hole the sum 
of 741 1 025., which plate wee ffully agree and by this presens 
do clerely bargayne and sell unto John Bodlegh aftir the 
rate of 5s. 2d. the unce, which amonteth to the sum of 
191Z. 125. 4d. Also the wardens of St. Petrock have given 
for the use of the city a crosse of sylver al gilted, weighing 
102 02., and an Oylefate (or oilbox Book 60 H., /. 63) of silver 
and a chales of sylver parcell gilt weighing 44 02., which was 
sold (at 5s. per oz.) for 37Z." 

In Inventories No. 3, June 15, 1553, the Mayor and his 
brethren enter into a bond in 400 marks to make satisfaction 
when required for " certeyn plate and juelles lately belonginge 
to certeyne parishe churches of the said cittie of Exeter to the 



263 

nombre of 891 unces [called 900 oz. in Freeman, 101 ; or 
about 1,000 oz. in Izacke, p. 126], takyn and imploide by the 
maire of the said cittie and his brethren withoute the com- 
maundement, commission or warrante of our seid sovreine 
lord or of his honourable counsell." 

In Act Book IV, /. 316, is a proclamation made to the 
Commons being called together by the bellman, Sept. 25, 1560, 
"agayn the pullinge downe and sellinge of belles or any 
ledde of any churche, &c." 

Sec. VI. DEEDS. 

Nos. 1-589 relate to Corporation property, including that 
of the religious houses that came into the possession of the 
city after the Dissolution. For a Calendar of these in 4 volumes, 
see Books 60 I, 60 K, 60 L, 60 M. They were examined by 
Dr. Oliver in 1821 (see S. Moore, Introduction, p. 10), who pub- 
lished many extracts from them in his Monasticon Dioecesis 
Exoniensis (1847), but with no better references than that 
they were taken " ex aichivis civitatis Exonios." 

(a) The Magdalen Hospital. 

This house was variously called Hospitalis Leprosorum 
(Oliver, Mon., 302), or Fratrum Leprosorum (Coll. Top., i, 375), 
or Infirmorum (on seal, Oliver, Mon., 401), La Magdeleyne 
(D. 72), La Maudeleyn (D. 49), the Mawdlene (D. 115, 116), 
Mawdelyn (D. 88, 101, 109, 124), or Maudlin (D. 523), The 
Lazar-House (Izacke, 11), The Lepers Hospital (Oliver, 154). 
It stood without the south gate in the Parish of Holy Trinity 
(D. 15, 90), and the chapel of it still remains (Oliver, Mon., 
401). For its seals, see Lloyd Perry, 26-29. For accounts of 
Geoffrey Lewis, Warden of the hospital temp. Henry VIII, 
showing the receipts and expenses of the hospital from 1520 
to 1527, see Misc. Rolls 58, 59, 60. 

In this collection there are 153 documents (.D.D 1-125), 
besides many counterparts, and it is to be noted that in several 
of the earlier ones where provosts (prcepositi) appear as wit- 
nesses (e.g. D. 8, 10) their names do not correspond with 
those given in Izacke. In D. 1 is the undated grant to the 
Lepers of St. Mary Magdalene by Bishop Bartholomew (1161- 
1184) of rents from his gavel of Morchard (i.e. Morchard Bishop, 
near Crediton) and the bark of the wood of Chudleigh, with 
the confirmation (D. 3) by Pope Celestine III, dated May 26, 
1192, both documents being printed in Oliver, Mon., p. 402. 
In D. 81 is an inspeximus of the above by Archbishop Chichele, 
temp. Henry V or VI. There are extracts (D. II, v) from 
the Statutes made in 1245 [i.e. in the mayoralty of Martin Pott, 
30 Henry III, not Henry IV, as Oliver, Mon., 403], a year 
after the Hospital had been transferred by Bishop Brewer 
to the civic authorities (who are called the " founders " in 
D. 112, May 4, 1530) in the mayoralty of Adam Rifford [see 
Izacke, 10 ; Oliver, Mon., 301, 302, 402, where 27 Henry III 



264 

should be 29 Henry III]. An English copy of these Statutes 
from Hooker's MS., /. 502, is printed in Oliver, Mon., 402, 
where the Latin original is referred to as Ordo et Statute, Domus 
B. Marie Magdalene (see D. II, a.a., where reference is made 
to a Chartulary of the Magdalen). 

The rest of the documents refer chiefly to leases, exchanges 
or gifts to the Hospital, such as rent-charges on 2 selions of 
land without the Southgate by Hugh son of Auger (or Fitz 
Auger) Lillapita* in D. 4, 13 (with his son) ; in " Doddehestrete " 
[or "Doddeheye" (D. 32), near the Castle Oliver, M on., 302]; 
given by Richard de Biscipelega [or Bisscopesleie (D. 46), i.e. 
Bishopsleigh] in D. 5 ; hi St. John's Street next the Hospital 
(D. 6, 113, 114, 122) by John Borewine and Emma his wife ; 
a house near the Hospital garden (D. 7) by Peter Wimand ; 
a sexter (i.e. 25 gallons) of ale (D. 8) ; a tenement near 
their house (D. 31, 32) by Denise, widow of Henry Clark ; 
a garden in St. Magdalene's Street [or Maudeleynestrete, 
D. 61 ; Mawdeleyn Street, D. 76] by John Fitzsimon (D. 48, 
121a, 123) ; land adjoining the Courtyard of the Hospital 
(D. 22 k) by Adam de Leverkebeare [i.e. Larkbeare (D. 403) in 
the parish of St. Leonard's Endowed Charities, p. 275 ; or 
Leuerkebeare Coll. Top., i, 377] ; land against the City 
stank or fishpond [contra piscariam civitatis Exonie " Mawdlyn 
Lake," D. 103] given by Jordan Bestelebise (D. 10, 13, 20 /.), 
or Beslebyse (D. 20a) or Bestallyse (D. 20c) ; a rent charge 
on a mill at Culm (D. 14, 2y, 15) ; land beyond St. David's 
Mount by Bicheman le Fleming (D. 16) ; a ferling of land 
at Southwood in Dawlish by Philip de Furnell (or Furneaux) 
in D. 17, 18, 23 /., 93, 101, 106, 120, 1226, 1246 ; 4 acres of 
land with saltmarsh at Chaldewell or Gholdeville (in the 
manor of Clystwick or Clyst St. George Oliver, Mon., 401), 
and a house in the High Street given by Robert Sukespiche or 
Sukespic (D. 13, 20a, 206, 20c, 2Qd, 20e, 20/, 200, 24, 25, 58, 
59) ; land hi the High Street for which the Hospital paid a 
pair of gilt spurs or white gloves as an acknowledgment to 
Aimar le Brut (D. 33) ; two selds in the High Street given by 
Andrew Hemeric (D. 21) ; land and houses in South Street 
given by Maud, widow of Walter de Tours (D. 29, 30) ; a 
house in South Street by Walter Criket and his niece Gilda, 
daughter of Baldwin Ruffus (D. 22) ; a tenement in South 
Street by Walter Fitz Baldewin (D. 34) ; land in the demesne 
of " Boleworthi " by Thomas de Witeri [or Viteri], D. 23 5 , 
232 ; land and two tenements without the East Gate by Roger 
Taverner (D. 23, 26) and the widow of Edward Smith, who 
becomes a sister of the Hospital (D. 44) ; 4 " dayvas " (i.e. 
dayworks or dargs) of land in " Sytebrokestrete " without 
the East Gate by Walter Hemeri or Hemeric (D. 47, 6356) ; 
tenements in Smythen Street by Henry Picot, Peter Herk, 
chaplain (D. 26, 35) and Robert le Espicer (D. 30, 2p) ; rent 

* Possibly Luppitt, which is called Loveputtu in Grandison, Reg. iii, 1710 ; 
Lovepita in Oliver, Mon. 360 ; la Putte, ibid., 366. 



265 

charge on a tenement in Cartern Street by Geoffrey de Okestun 
[or Oxton], D. 27 ; land in " Corvestret " (D. 28) ; rent and 
land at Sprydon in the parish of Broad Clyst by William de 
CUst (D. 36, 104, 115) and Roger de la Haye (D. 45) ; land 
near the Castle at Exeter (D. 39) ; land at Tale by Robert 
Beauchamp (D. 52, 63) ; land on the Schytebroke (D. 20fc) 
[al. Shytebroke (D. 60) ; Shutebrok (D. 76) ; a lake called 
Shitbrooke (D. 123)] given by Olive Colebrook (D. 67) and 
Felicia widow of William de Criditon (D. 70) ; land in " la 
hetvella [cf. Hetfell Heathfield : Oliver, Mon., 259] de 
Holebrok " by William Gridgesham ("D. 23i) ; and a toft and 
garden in Trinity Parish by Thomas Calwoodley in 1477 (D. 91). 
The property also includes a house, toft, garden &c. in 
South Street (D. 79) ; land near South Street (D. 186), where 
" H. Glasserian, deceased " should be " H. Glasier jam 
defuncto " ; two shops, tenement and garden or close or apple 
orchard (D. 109) containing 7 acres called the Mawdlene 
Ground (D. 116, 121c) without the East gate in the parish 
of St. Sidwells (D. 71, 74, 85) at the end of Southbrook Lane 
next Parys Street (D. 86) [or Parres Street (D. 124gr) or 
Paryestrete next Liverydole (D. 89, 94, 95, 111, 1246] or in 
St, SidweU's Fee (D. 96, 97, 98, 99, 105, 110) ; a toft or garden 
and a close without the South gate (D. 72, 82, 83, 90, 92, 121) ; 
a house and garden in Magdalene Street (D. 70, 73,) ; two 
shops hi the High Street opposite to the New Inn (D. 84) ; 
a garden next Holeway (D. 88) ; a meadow next their garden 
in the parish of Heavitree (D. 102, 1216, 124d) ; a close at 
Southinghay (D. 118); an "orcharde and hoppeyarde " in 
Magdalen Street (D. 123a,) and a tenement adjoining the 
Magdalen Gate (D. 124). 

In D. 51 is a reference to a list [now lost] of decrepit persons 
received into the hospital from 1382 to 1390. 

Li D. 108, Nov. 12, 1512, Thomas Andrew, warden of the 
Magdalen, gives an acquittance for 16s. 3d. received for the 
use of the lepers. 

For accounts of the Wardens of the Hospital from 1540 
to 1689, with gaps for 9-10, 39-40 Elizabeth, 44 Elizabeth to 
1 James I, 19-23 Charles I; 1649-51, 1652-53, 1654-55, 
1657-58 to 15 Charles II ; 7-8 William and Mary, see Calendar, 
Vol. II, p. 174 ; also 1656-1657 in Miscellaneous Papers. 

For rental of the Hospital, 1419, see D.II a.a. ; Misc. Rolls, 
56 ; also 1520-24, 1522, 1550, Misc. Rolls, 57, 58, 59. 

For a Chartulary of the Magdalen (circ. 1428) in which are 
copied several of the deeds and charters belonging to the 
Hospital together with an English translation of the Order 
and Statutes of the House, see D.II a.a. 

For seals of the Hospital, 1334, 1342, see D. 58, 64 ; Lloyd 
Parry, Seals, 28. 

In Act Book X, /. 172, Dec. 16, 1662, " it is agreede that the 
Chappell att the hospitall, the Maudlyn, without the South- 
gate shalbe forthwith repaired." 



266 

(b) St. John's Hospital. 

It was situated ad, or infra, or juxta, or prope portam 
orientalem (D. 137 ; Oliver, Mon., 302, 303) ; withynne yest 
gate (D. 1648 ; Oliver, Mon., 124) " at the Eastgate " in D. 127. 

The collection contains 23 deeds (Nos. 126-147). In the 
earliest of them (D. 126) the Brethren and Sisters of the 
Hospital of St. John grant (in 1230) to Master William de 
Calne [not "le Calm " as Oliver, Jforj., 300] a house next the 
Chapel of St. Paul which had been given to them by S[erlo] 
Dean of Exeter [i.e. from Dec. 14, 1225, to July 21, 1231]. 
The documents, which extend to 1475, relate chiefly to rent- 
charges and leases of the hospital property in Exeter. One 
of them (D. 144) dated June 4, 1351, is given more at length 
in Oliver, Mon., 301. The rest refer to tenements in St. Paul's 
Street (D. 131) ; North Street (D. 132, 133, 136, 141) ; 
Correstret [or Currestrete Coll. Top., i, 250 ; i.e. Correy 
Street, now Gandy Street, Oliver, Mon., 114], (D. 134) ; within 
the Northgate (D. 138, 140, 142) ; Smezenstrete [i.e. Smith 
Street], (D. 139) ; High Street (D. 143) ; within the East gate 
(D. 144) ; or land in a certain waste moor called Wygamore 
[or Wigmore, (D. 883a)] without the East gate (D. 146, 147). 

In 1540 the Hospital passed to Thomas Carew of Bickleigh, 
whose son John Carew conveyed the church to the Mayor &c. 
on Jan. 2nd, 1588 (D. 1648), and on Nov. 24, 1592, Hum- 
phrey Carew and his son Peter made a further conveyance 
of it to the Chamber (D. 1743). Some of the hospital 
property in Exeter was granted to John Heydon and 
Thomas Gibbes on April 2nd, 1545 (see L. 19, page 20) 
and passed into the hands of the Chamber on Oct. 7, 1555 
(D. 1498). The hospital buildings fell into decay, and on 
Jan. 14, 1624, the church with the churchyard and other of 
its belongings was purchased by the trustees of Hugh Crossinge 
to be used as a hospital for setting the poor to work 
(D. 1740 ; Report on Charities, p. 1 ; Lloyd Parry, Exeter 
School, 61 ; see page 80). 

In Aug. 1627 (D. 1743) the Chamber assigned the unexpired 
portion of their lease of the church to Thomas Crossinge and 
others, who at the same time (D. 1744) granted a 30 years' 
lease of it to the Chamber under whom it became the home 
of the Free Grammar and Free English Schools, which were 
the outcome of the education controversy in Exeter in the 
early portion of the 17th century. See Report on Charities, 
pp. 3, 7, 59 ; Lloyd Parry, Exeter School, pp. 15-78. 

In D. 1769, April 14, 1657, the Chamber enter into a bond 
for 240Z. with the Governors of St. John's Hospital for securing 
payment of 127Z. 4s. on April 15, 1658. 

In L. 497, May 13, 1734, Mr. Thomas Heath (see p. 59) is 
Treasurer of St. John's Hospital. 



267 

In L. 572, Sept. 10, 1769, James Crossing desires Mr. Gregory 
Jackson to summon the Trustees of St. John's Hospital to 
elect a president. 

For nominations of inmates to the Hospital in 1768, 1770 
and 1773, see L.L. 569, 573, 579. 

For 3 bundles of papers relating to St. John's Hospital 
and the property of the Charity, see Law Papers, A.D. 1852. 

For a dispute between the Hospital and the City in 1361 
respecting the limits of Dodehay Street, which extends from 
the High Street to the City wall on the South, see ~D. 904, 
printed in Oliver, Mon., 308. 

For memoranda out of the Records of St. John's Hospital 
relating to an action in the Mayor's Court in " The Hospital 
v. the Archdeacon of Totnes " in regard to a tenement in 
St. Martin's Street in 1421, see Miscell. Rolls, 64 (1). 

For seals of St. John's Hospital, see Oliver, Mon., 408 ; 
R. M. Clay, Mediceval Hospitals, 102 ; Lloyd Parry, Seals, 3, 4. 

In D. 1241a, Aug. 20, 1464, Mawte, widow of Hugh 
Courtenay, Knight, leaves 13d. to be paid to the poore 
chyldren of St. John's House next the East Gate, to pray for 
her soul. 

For Bishop Grandisson's foundation hi St. John's Hospital, 
Nov. 18, 1332, to which he appropriated the church of 
Ernescombe (i.e. Yarnscombe, near Barnstaple), pro susten- 
tacione pauperum scolarium gramaticam addiscentium, see 
Oliver, Mon., 306 ; John de Grandisson's Register, p. 666 ; 
Lloyd Parry, Exeter School, 4. The scholars were to live in a 
hospicium competens within the precincts, where they were to re- 
ceive 5d. each per week, together with stramina pro lectis faciendis 
et potagium sufficiens, focalia et vasa pro pane, carnibus et pisci- 
bus. The document from which the above extract is taken was 
copied by Oliver from " Registrum hospitalis S. Johannis inter 
Archivas Civitatis Exonice," and was entered by Oliver in 
his Calendar (Vol. II, 151), showing that it was amongst the 
city archives in 1823. He made several extracts from it for his 
Monasticon, but it had disappeared when Mr. Stuart Moore 
drew up his Calendar some forty years later. Quite recently, 
however, it has again come into the possession of the Cor- 
poration, and though time did not allow of a full examina- 
tion of it during my personal visit to Exeter, I was able to 
make a few notes as to its contents. 

It is a well preserved bound volume of 99 ff., written on 
vellum with the modern title " Registrum Prior atus Sancti 
Johannis " stamped on the cover. 

It begins : In illo quat'no continent' possessiones terrar' 
et tenementor' reddituum hospitalis Sti. Johis, Baptistse Exon., 
ff. 1-46, 51-57. 

/. 47 has a note of the visit of Edward I to Exeter in 1285 
at the request of Bishop Peter Quivil in regard to the murder 
of Walter de Lechlade. (Latin.) See Izacke, 22 ; Oliver, 
Hist., 63. 



268 

ff. 576, 58, Fundacio hospitalis Sti. Johis. Exon, with con- 
firmation charter of Henry III, printed in Oliver, Mon., 302, 
303. 

ff. 58-60. Suit of the Prior in the City Court in the 
Mayoralty of Adam Scut (i.e. 1410-11). 

/. 616. Resoluciones. Anno 1370. 

/. 63. Rentale Pontis de Exe factum ibidem, Feb. 2nd, 
2 Henry IV (1401). 

/. 636. Confirmacio privilegiorum civitatis Exon, Dec. 5, 
2 Richard II (1378). See Charter XXII. (page 4). 

/. 65. Pardonacio sup' omissis feodis militum et advo- 
cationibus in comit. Devon, July 26; 20 R. II (1396). 

ff. 65, 66. Geneologia (sic) comitum Devon, a conquestu. 

ff. 67-76. Appropriacio Holne, Compositio Holne &c., 
printed in Oliver, Mon., 304, 305. 

/. 746. Instrumentum sup' submissione Decani et Capituli 
de sepeliend' in hospit' Sti. Johis. 

/. 746. Dedicacio ecclie hospitalis Sancti Johis. Exon. 
Edmundus [Stafford] in manerio nostro de Clyst. July 29, 
1418. 

/. 75. Rentale civitatis Exon, anno 16 R. II (1392-93). 

/. 75. Rentale de Dureyurde, de Pastura de Dureyurde, 
de la ffleysfold, same year. John Pouton, Receiver. 

./. 77a. Dedication of Church of St. Martin. Edmundus 
[Stafford] Episcopus. Crediton, July 13, 1409. 

/. 786. Littera migrationis. May 14, 1513, &c. 

/. 80. Privilegia Sti. Johis. Jerl'mtaii'. 

/. 84. Will of John Talbot, citizen of Exeter, Sept. 21, 1420. 
(Latin.) 

f. 85. Rentale Beate Marie de Maresco. 

/. 86. Hsec transcripta fuerunt inventa in quodam libro 
deliberate Priori Rico. Hylle [1497-1524], by Roger Holande, 
Esquire, anno 1498, which book formerly belonged to Henry 
Lange, procurator sive collector redctitum terrarum sive 
Tenementorum hospitalis Sti. Johannis, Exon. 

/. 94. Nomina extraneorum sepultorum in hospitali 
Sti. Johannis from 1482 to 1520. [The right of sepulture 
was granted to the Hospital by Bishop Grandisson on March 31, 
1354. Grandisson, Reg., p. 1125.] 

(c) St. Nicholas' Priory. 

Seventy-four documents (D. 148-221). 

The Priory was a cell to Battle Abbey and was situated 
within the city near the North Gate. The manor known as 
St. Nicholas Fee (D. 213, 215), or Harold's Fee (D. 1595; 
Oliver, Mon., Additional Supplement, p. 14) extended over 
part of St. David's Hill and the Court Rolls from 1525 to 1608 
(with gaps, see Calendar II, 184), together with an account of the 
manor in 1712 are preserved in the Guildhall see also Miscel- 
laneous Papers, 3 to 20 Elizabeth. The Priory was suppressed on 



269 

Sept, 18, 1536 (Oliver, Mon., 115 ; called 1535 in Izacke, 19) 
and as early as Oct. 20, 1538, the Chamber of Exeter sent a 
representative to the Privy Council in London to negotiate 
for the purchase of the whole of its lands and tenements 
(Act Book I, f. 152), but the property, together with the 
late Prior's rights of stallage &c. at the Lammas Fair, 
was ultimately sold to John Haydon and Thomas Gibbes 
(see page 21) on April 2, 1545 (D. 1449, 1452 ; Lysons, vi, 200), 
though afterwards conveyed to the Corporation on Oct. 7, 
1555 (D. 1498 ; Book 52, /. 1716), who had previously acquired 
the monastic buildings in 1539, much of the stone of which 
was used for repairing the Exe Bridge and the City Walls. 
The site, together with the Hospital of St. Alexius in the 
rear* of the Priory which had been granted to Sir Thomas 
Dennis of Holcombe Burnell in 1541 (Dugdale, Mon., iii, 376) 
extended from Mint [or MinsterJLane at the back of St. Olave's 
Church to the street caUed " Britain " (D. 208, 209, 738, 858, 
865, where it is a via regia), now Bartholomew Street (Oliver, 
Mon., 330, 331). This site was purchased by the Chamber on 
May 20, 1549 (D. 1464 ; Misc. Rolls, 28), but disposed of by 
them in parcels before the end of the 17th century. 

In D. 1233, March 25, 1460, Thomas Colewill, Warden of 
the Grey Friars without the South Gate, leases to the Mayor 
&c. for 99 years at a rental of 14s. p.a. a certain waste place 
called Frerenhay lying between the city wall and the highway 
called Britayne. See also D. 1260 ; Oliver, Mon., 331. 

In D. 1354-1357, Nov. 20, 30, 1507, Christopher Wollecott, 
Warden of the Grey Friars, conveys to the Mayor &c. the 
area called Frerenhay situate at the back of the house and 
church of St. Nicholas, " which land was formerly the dwelling 
place of the said brethren (i.e. the Grey Friars)." These 
deeds contain the seals of the Grey Friars which are described 
and figured in Oliver, Mon., 332, 408. 

In D. 221, Sept. 13, 1527, William collumpton, the last 
Prior of St. Nicholas, releases the Mayor &c. from all actions, 
suits, complaints, debts and demands arising before Aug. 10, 
1527. 

The earliest document in the collection (D. 148), a con- 
firmation by Bishop Osbern (A.D. 1072-1107) of a grant of 
the Church of Pochelle (i.e. Poughill, near Crediton) made 
to the Priory by Baialandus Ladubed (not Ruelantius La 
Dubed, as Coll. Top., i, 63) is printed in Oliver, Mon., 119, 
who has also printed with many discrepancies the full text of 
many of the others ; e.g. D. 150, relating to the 4 catch -polls 
and the Guildhall (see Coll. Top., i, 189 ; Freeman, 166) ; 
D. 151, 155, 156, 156a, 167, 172, 177, relating to the Irish 
property of the Priory in Cork and Cloyne (see also Misc. 
Rolls, 53) ; D. 164 the grant of the manor of Clifford near 



270 

Tiverton, (Coll Top., i, 186) ; D. 168 do. of land in Exeter 
where " Semar le Kat " (not " le Rat ") is the correct reading 
(called " Le Cath " in D. 191) ; D. 174, 211 also of land in 
Exeter, (see Coll Top., i, 378) ; D. 171 of land in Mathford, 
(so called in D. 169 ; Coll. Top., i, 185, but Mateford in D. 178, 
i.e. Matford in Alphington, Lysons, vi, 8 ; Worthy, 182). 
D. 173 land in " Lyfthelehale," (variously called Lischelehale, 
Lechelhale, Listehele, or Loftokshole in Holland Botreaux 
near South Molton) ; D. 202 land in Thurfurton, (i.e. Thorverton) 
and D. 203 land at Tadyford beyond the North Gate of 
Exeter (see D. 179, 200, 207). 

In D. 176 is a 40-days indulgence granted in May, 1247, to 
contributors to the fabric of the Priory by Godofridus de 
Prefectis, Bishop elect of Bethlehem (see Eubel, i, 138 ; Oliver, 
Mon., 114) ; in D. 197 is the obit of Richard Newton, June 24, 
1295 (Oliver, Mon., 114; Coll. Top., i, 386). 

The rest of the documents (not printed in Oliver) include 
an undated grant (D. 149) by Odo Abbot of Battle [A.D. 1175- 
1199] to William Fitzralph of part of the land (or street 
D. 738) called Irlesberi (i.e. Earlsbury, alias Friernhay or 
Frerenhay, D. 217, 218), which he afterwards granted to the 
Hospital of St. Nicholas, i.e. St. Alexius' Hospital, founded 
in 1170 and situated at the back of St. Nicholas Priory 
D. 185, 599a (see Oliver, Mon., 154 ; Dugdale, Mon., vii, 697). 
For seal see Oliver, Mon., 408 ; Lloyd Parry, p. 3 ; Clay, 
107, 259 ; Birch, Catalogue of Seals, i, 550. There are also 
grants of land or houses in Exeter in " Prestestret " (D. 159 ; 
Coll. Top., i, 259, called " prusten stret " in D. 198 ; Coll. Top, i, 
189), or " Poulestrete " (D. 206 ; Coll. Top., i, 251) ; or 
near the Priory wall (D. 161, 183, 189, 190 ; Coll. Top., i, 377) ; 
or in the Great Place (magna placea) (D. 163 ; Coll. Top., i, 
375) ; or near the North Gate (D. 165), or at the West Gate 
(D. 180) ; or in the High Street (magno vico) (D. 170, 188, 
191 ; Coll. Top., i, 251, 375) ; or without the North Gate 
(D. 165 ; Coll. Top., i, 251) ; or on St. David's Mount (D. 181, 
184 ; Coll. Top., i, 379) ; or in St. Nicholas' Fee (D. 186, 213 ; 
Coll. Top., i, 376) ; or below the House of the Grey Friars 
(D. 182, 187, 201 ; Coll. Top., i, 378), which was about to 
be enlarged circ. 1262 (see Oliver, Mon., 331 ; Coll. Top., 
i, 378). 

D. 193, 194 refer to a dispute between the City and the 
Priory which was to be decided by a jury of 12 in the Cathedral 
on St. Catherine's Day, 1261. 

In D. 220 is an award delivered on Aug. 22, 1527, in a dispute 
between the Mayor and the Prior as to the boundaries of the 
jurisdiction of their respective courts and a piece of ground 
called " Launders plott " on the mill stream known as the 
North 



271 

In Misc. Roll 50, is the reply of Prior John Lewis ( A.D. 1 499 
1522) to the answer of Walter Yorke, late Mayor of Exeter 
(1500-1501). 

In Misc. Roll 51, dated June 20, 1442 (i.e. 20 Henry VI, 
but called 20 Henry VII (1505) in Oliver, Mon., 117) is a copy 
of the Inspeximus of earlier Charters and privileges, with a 
small paper book containing 8 leaves. 

For receipts of the Priory from June 11, 1476, to June 11, 
1477, see Misc. Rolls 52. 

For Letters Patent, July 28, 1359, to the Abbot of Battle, 
confirming previous charters granted at the request of the 
Prior of St. Nicholas, see D. 897a. 

For a rental of the Priory, dated Jan. 1, 1415, see Misc. Roll 
49, which has also an undated list of tenements belonging to 
the Priory, probably temp. Henry VIII.* 

The above references to Collectanea Topographica, Vol. I, 
are transcripts made in 1834 from the Ledger Book of 
St. Nicholas Priory, i.e. a transcript made in 1589, and probably 
originally in the Guildhall at Exeter, which ultimately found 
its way to the Phillipps Collection at Middle Hill (see Oliver, 
Mon., 113). This may be same as a volume entitled Chronicon 
Abbatice S. Nicholai de Exonia, Impensis Dni. T. Phillipps, 
Bart., ex Lithographia Medio-Montana extending fiom Adam 
to the year A.D. 1333, which was recently offered for sale 
in Exeter. 

For a 17th century collection of charters relating to 
St. Nicholas Priory now among the records of the Bishop of 
Exeter, see Hist. MSS., Rept. Var. Coll., iv,'p. 16. 

For Seals of the Priory, see D. 161, 179, 201, 205, 206, 217, 
221 ; Oliver, Mon., 115, 408 ; Lloyd Parry, 3. 

For accounts of the Bailiff and Receiver of the manor of 
St. David's Down [distinct from St. Nicholas Fee] and of the 
lands, rents and profits of the City of Exeter lately belonging 
to the late monasteries and Priories of St. John's, Exeter, 
Polsloo, St. Nicholas, Exeter, Newenham, Launceston, and 
Plympton &c. from 1549 to 1722, with gaps, see St. John's &c. 
Bailiff's Accounts, in Calendar II, 175. The missing years being 
6 Edward VI to 1 Mary ; 4,5 to 5,6 Philip and Mary ; 37-39 
Elizabeth ; 18-22 James I ; 19-20 Charles I 1644-45 to 
1649-50 ; 1658-59. 

In Act Book IV, /. 80, Jan. 24, 1562, is " The order for the 
relieving of the poor people in the monastery of St. Nicholas, 
late dissolved," with account of the " Poore Mennes Parlour," 
printed in Oliver, Mon., 116. 

(d) Plympton Priory. 

The Prior of Plympton owned houses in the High Street 
[now the Black Lion Inn, Oliver, Mon., 131], and elsewhere 
in Exeter (see D. 579, 647, 915, 929, 937), and rent charges on 

* This should be compared with the rental of 1476 in Oliver, 125, 



272 

his property in the city came into the hands of the Chamber 
in 1555 (see D. 1498). On June 1, 1523, the Prior and Convent 
of Plympton are " parsons and proprietarys of the church of 
St. John ys Bowe " in Exeter (D. 1396a ; Oliver, Mon., 149), 
and on Sept. 9th, 1546, a cell of Plympton (viz. St. Mary de 
Marisco or Marsh Barton, close to the suburbs of Exeter was 
granted to James Coffyn and Thomas Godwin, who sold the 
timber to John Hooker on Dec. 10, 1562 (D. 1528 ; Oliver, 
Mon., 134). For property in Exeter belonging to St. Mary de 
Marisco, see Worthy, Suburbs, 185. 

The documents in this collection, 13 in number (D. 222- 
234) refer chiefly to grants made by Bishop Warelwast 
[A.D. 1155 to 1161] and others to the Canons of the Collegiate 
Church of Plympton [as it formerly was, i.e. from 1133 till 
1352]. All of them are either printed in full or given in abstract 
in Oliver, Mon., 129, 130, 131, 136, 138, 145. 

(e) Awliscombe. 

(Eighty documents D. 235-306.) 

This manor situated near Honiton was bequeathed to the 
Chamber under the will (dated Jan. 20, 1489, D. 267) of 
Thomas Calewodeley or Calwoodley (see page 44) in aid and 
relief of the poor inhabitants of Exeter who are burdened by 
the payment of fee-farms, tallages &c. (See Izacke, Rights, p. 20 ; 
Lysons, vi, 20.) 

The earliest of the documents (D. 235, 237, 238, all undated) 
show that " Ewelcumb " or " Welcumb," called also 
" Haulscombe," "Aulescumb Giffard " (D. 242, 246, 247), 
or " Awliscombe in Marlecomb " (D. 284, for " Marlecomb in 
the parish of Awlescombe," see D. 293, 296, April 2nd, 1544, 
July 14, 1545) was in the hands of Alice Coffyn (? circ. 1250), 
who held it under Richard Tremenet (de Tribus Minetis). 
Thomas Calwodley's name first occurs on Aug. 1, 1449 (D. 251, 
with a seal of the Staple of Exeter ; see also D. 259 ; Lloyd 
Parry, p. 9) ; also in D. 252, 253, 254, 256, showing that he 
bought a moiety of the manor from Richard Crukern (or 
Crokehorne) of Childehay in Dorsetshire on Jan. 15, 1452. 

In D. 265, April 23, 1488, are the names of several closes 
within the manor, such as " le Lynche," " le parke under the 
wode," "le Forlond " " le Newparke," "le Lenecroft," "le 
Northcroftys," "le Pyleshyld," with lands and meadows 
called " Menymede," " Luggersthorn " and " Holcomb." 
In D. 279, 281, two others are given as " Bowecourte " and 
" Pylysham " [cf. " Pyle is lond " (D. 287) ; or " Pyleslondes " 
(D. 292)]. 

In D. 278, July 17, 1494, Richard Unde [or Undy, Izacke, 96] 
the Receiver of Exeter (see Receiver's Accounts, 9, 10 Henry VII) 
appears as Surveyor of the Lords of the Manor, i.e. Calwodeley's 



273 

executors, who formally conveyed the manor to the Chamber 
in accordance with the trust on April 4, 1496 (D. 282, Report on 
Charities, p. 147), the transaction being confirmed by Letters 
Patent on Oct. 25, 1496, D. 283 ; Book 52, /. 203 ; Report on 
Charities, p. 146 ; Izacke, Rights, p. 20 ; Lysons, vi, 20. 

In D. 284, Jan. 28, 1501, the Chamber are called Lords of 
the Manor, and in all subsequent documents granting leases &c. 
till 1623 (D. 302). The series closes with 4 documents 
(D. 303-306), showing that the manor was twice mortgaged 
by the Chamber temp. George 1, II. 

In D. 1629, Aug. 20, 1585, is a reversionary lease of the 
manor house then in the hands of John Tucker, granted to 
George Smith, merchant, of Exeter. 

In L. 581, Auliscombe, July 17, 1775, Thomas Prat writes 
to the Town Clerk respecting the repairs of his tenement at 
Awliscombe. 

For Court Rolls of the manor at intervals from 1496 to 1586, 
see Calendar II, 179. For Bailiffs Accounts of the Manor 
from 1571 to 1722, see ibid. II, 173, with gaps for 6-7 James I ; 
21 Charles I to 11 Charles II ; 6-7 William and Mary. 

In Act Book VII, /. 215, May 19, 1621, it is agreed that the 
parishioners of Auliscombe shall have an estate for 99 years 
to begyn from the 4 of November last of the church-house of 
Aulscombe, accordynge to a covenante menciouned in a graunte 
made by the cytye unto their predecessors dated the 4th day 
of November in the 13th yere of Kynge Henry the viiith 
[1521], payinge 4d. rente yearly : See D. 289. 

In Act Book XIII, /. 131, Oct. 17, 1699, it is ordered that a 
Publick Survay bee called and held for the sale of the manor 
of Auliscombe, and that the Committee named take care 
that the same bee done. 

(f) Borough's Charity. 

Thirty-five documents D. 307-341. 

Walter Borough or Burrough [Mayor in 1610, 1621] 
or Borowe (Oliver, 232), by deeds dated Oct. 28, 1625 
(D. 326, 332 ; Rept. on Charities, p. 12) and Dec. 20, 1626 
(D. 328, 333) gave three houses in Northgate Street to provide 
shirts and gowns for 8 poor men of Exeter, whom he wished 
to be maintained in the working house or City's Hospital 
then proposed to be started in the derelict buildings of 
St. John's Hospital, but this scheme was never carried 
out, though by a deed dated Aug. 18, 1629 (D. 326) 
he granted a further extension of 3 years for its possible 
fulfilment. By his will dated Aug. 18, 1632 (Report on 
Charities, p. 237) he gave an additional 100Z. to be invested 
in land, the proceeds to be distributed in gifts to the poor. 

Wt. 20757. Ex is 



274 

He died in August, 1632 (Oliver, 219) and his portrait is in 
the Guildhall. See Cotton, Guild, p. 35. 

All the documents in the series, which begins June 5, 1441, 
and extends to Aug. 24, 1731, refer to the 3 houses in North- 
gate Street, which were formally conveyed to the Chamber 
on Jan. 8, 1667 (D. 333). 

(g) Davie's Almshouses. 

Eighteen documents. D. 342-356. 

John Da vie [Mayor in 1584, 1594], by deed dated Feb. 10, 
1600 (D. 35 la; Izacke, 212; Rept. on Charities, 174) gave 
the reversion of two houses with adjoining gardens at the 
corner of St. Mary Arches Lane and other property in the 
same neighbourhood together with the rectory and tithes of 
Marleghe [i.e. Mariansleigh near South Molton], to found the 
almshouse fronting Parr Street (Endowed Chanties p. 373) 
that still bears his name. See Cotton, Guild, 41. 

The documents date from 1579 to 1687, and all refer to 
these houses and the rectory of Mariansleigh, of which the 
Chamber appear as the patrons in 1615, 1616 (L. 170 ; 
D. 352). 

D. 350a (dated Feb. 10, 1600) contains the "Ordinances, 
Rules, and Constitutions " of the Almshouse with the signa- 
ture of the founder " John Davye." 

For Receivers' Books of Da vies' (sic) Charity, 1785, see 
Book 154. 

For a book containing a description of the various 
charities in Exeter, 1600 to 1622, see Book 149. For a 
catalogue of founders of charities, see Book 52, /. 450. 

(h) Flaye's Almshouses. 

One hundred and three documents (D. 357-459). 

Thomas Flaye (see p. 97), apothecary [Mayor in 1630] by 
will dated June 26, 1634 (D. 404, 427 ; Rept. on Chanties, 254 ; 
Izacke, 212) left lands and tenements in St. Paul's and 
St. Sidwell's parishes and a close in Northernhay in St. David's 
Parish, to found an almshouse in Goldsmith Street (D. 450, 
451). He died on July 2, 1634 (Oliver, Hist., 220). The 
bequest was increased by his widow Elizabeth [d. Nov. 20, 
1673], who conveyed the property to the Chamber as trustees 
on May 21, 1663 (Rept. on CJiarities, p. 258 ; see also D. 450, 
Feb. 20, 1667). For signatures and seals of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Flaye, see D. 392, 395, 404, 409, 413, 450. 

The documents refer chiefly to leases and titles relating to 
this property and extend from Oct. 28, 1481 (D. 357) to 1721 
(D. 459). They mention the following place names which are 
of topographical interest, viz. the Langbroke (D. 357, 361) ; 
Serlyslane (D. 358) ; Pit Lane (D. 257) ; le Ruggeway (i.e. 
Ridgeway D. 368, 199) ; Grenestoneway (D. 358) ; 
Noseworthie's Mead (D. 380) with the " shire of the grasse " 



275 

(D. 387) ; Rownd Pitts (D. 412, 424, 450) ; Fox Lane (D. 417) ; 
Ex Lane (D. 430) ; North Exe Lane (D. 446). In one of the 
gardens of the property the following fruit-trees are scheduled 
in 1637 (D. 425) : viz. 1 Apricocke Tree, 1 Rennatt tree, 
a Paire maine tree, 1 peppir tree, 1 Green heiming tree, 
1 querindon tree, 1 stubbard tree and 2 cherrie trees. 

The ordinances and rules of the almshouse drawn up by 
Mrs. Flaye are contained in D. 427, 451 ; and in D. 360 there 
is a copy of the will of William Soper of London, gentleman, 
dated July 12, 1508, with a broken seal of William Warham, 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Other documents referring to Mrs. Flaye will be found hi 
L. 396 (dated London, Dec. 7, 1647), hi which John Levermore 
asks her to send him a bill of Exchange for 50?., and in L. 408 
(Feb. 17, 1650), in which she authorises her agents to acknow- 
ledge satisfaction of a judgment obtained by her against the 
Chamber in the Court of Common Pleas. 

For the almshouses erected in St. Sidwell's Street in 1834, 
see Endowed Charities, Exeter, pp. 364, 373. 

For a silver-gilt bason and ewer given by her to the Chamber, 
see Oliver, 220. 

(i) The Rectory of Hennock. 

Twenty-six documents. D. 460-484.* 

The Rectory of Hennock, near Chudleigh, formerly belonged 
to the Abbey of Tor, but was leased to John Southcote of 
Bovey Tracey on Jan, 4, 1539 (D. 461) by the last Abbot 
Simon Rede, who surrendered the Abbey on Feb. 23, 1539. 
For his will, dated Sept. 23, 1554, see Oliver, Mon., 171. 

The Rectory was purchased by the Chamber of Exeter on 
April 6, 1631 (D. 466 ; not 1651, as Rept. on Char., p. 252), from 
Thomas Southcote's son (D. 464), Fitzwilliams Southcote of 
Sowton, for 450?., the money being chiefly taken from Law- 
rence Bodley's legacy [see page 99 ; Rept. on Char., p. 252 ; 
Lysons, vi, 270]. 

The documents relate to various transactions in connection 
with the property from Southcote's lease in 1539 (D. 461 ; 
Oliver, Mon., 172) down to March 4, 1699 (D. 484). For a 
suit as to the advowson, see Law Papers, 1621 ; Calendar II, 
p. 230. 

The following extracts from the Chamber Act Books relate 
to Hennock during the time that the rectory was hi the hands 
of the Corporation. 

In Act Book VII, /. 381, Aug. 5, 1630, it is agreed that 40Z. 
shalbe paid to Mr. Recever for purchasing the patronage of 

* Including an account (D. 460) rendered by John Penhale acting for 
the rector of " Shenyok," i.e. Sheviock near St. Germans in Cornwall. This 
document gives the receipts and outgoings of Sheviock for one year from 
Michaelmas 1411, but there is nothing in it showing any connection with 
Hennok. It may have found its way into the collection from the fact that 
the Rector of Sheviock (Richard Dunscombe) afterwards held the prebend 
of Cutton in St. Mary's, Exeter Castle, in 1411. 



276 

Hennick, togeather with the parsonage of the same, wherby 
the Maier, Bailiffs and Commonaltie may be patrons thereof. 

In Act Book VII, /. 389, March 1, 1631, on which day there were 
delivered unto Mr. Walter White 6 severall obligacons for the 
payment of 600Z. of the guifte of Dr. Bodlie and Mr. Moggridge 
to be collected in for the satisfaccon of Sir Popham Southcott, 
son of Thomas Southcote (D. 468, 469). 

Ibid., /. 3596, Nov. 22, 1631 : Whereas the first day of 
March last past there were 6 severall obligacons for 600J. of 
Dr. Bodlie's and Mr. Moggridge monie given to charitable 
uses as was then unpaid towarde the satisfying of the fryne 
for the purchase of the Rectorie of Hennock for the foresaid 
purposes this day Mr. White hath given an accompte of the 
said monies and alsoe of 40Z. paid unto hym by Mr. [Adam] 
Bennett, late receiver of the said Cittie [i.e. in 1630-31] for 
the purchase of the patronage of Hennock beforesaid, which 
is approved of by this house and the saide Mr. White dis- 
charged of the foresaid obligacons and monies and of 311. 3s. 4d. 
received of the obligacons for the interest of the said monies &c. 
the account being in toto for 671 13s. 4d. 

In Act Book X, /. 171, Nov. 25, 1662. This day it is agreede 
that the tenants of Hennccke be required to pay in the rent 
for the Tythes for this laste harveste into this Chamber to be 
disposed of as shalbe thought fitt by this house. 

Ibid., f. 1716, Dec. 2, 1662, that Mr. fferdinando Nichollas 
Clark (p. 99), who hath for divers yeeres past performed the 
lecture heretofore founded by Doctor Bodlie, deceased, 
and others, and see hath done untill the last harvest, shall 
receive the profitts of the Rectorie of Hennock given for that 
purpos for this last harvest. 

In Act Book XJ, /. la, July 21, 1663. This day the sheaf 
of Hennock is sett unto Mr. George Gale for the rent of 65/. 
for one year to be paid att Two dayes in the yere of equale 
porcions and the lessee to be freede from all other rente, rates 
and taxes. 

Ibid., f. 6, Oct. 20, 1663. Mr. William Sanford is desired 
to receive of Mr. Gale 311. 19s. 06d., being parte of the rent 
of the sheafe of the Rectory of Hennock. 

Do., f. 126, April 26, 1664. Whereas there is halfe a yeares 
rent due from Mr. George- Gale for the Rectorie of Hennock, 
being 321. 10s. at Our Ladye Day last past, Mr. Sanford is 
desired to receive the same with the Account thereof and to 
pay the same to Mr. ffrauncis Moore, the present lecturer 
(page 98). 

Ibid., /. 446, June 15, 1666, that Mr. ffrancis Moore, the 
present lecturer of Doctor Bodlye's lecture, shall have power 
to sett and lett the tithes of Hennock for one year from 
Midsomer day next commynge for the best benifitt, he dis- 
charging the duties enjoyned by the will and discharging the 
Cittie from all high rents, taxes and other impositions charge- 
able uppon the same during that tyme, 



277 

In Act Book XI, j. 636, June 25, 1667, it is ordered that Mr. 
Francis Moore, the present lecturer of Doctor Bodleye's lecture, 
shall have libertie to dispose of the Rectorie of Henock for the 
present yere, he paying the high Rent and discharging all 
rates, taxes and other imposicons whereunto the same is 
lyable duringe the said tyme. 

In Act Book XIII, /. 191, Feb. 6, 1704. That a grant of 
the next avoidance of the Vicaridge of Hennock bee made 
to Mr. Parr hi consideration of 60 guinneys. 

(j) Lethbridge's Charity. 

Thirty-seven documents. D. 485-522. 

Christopher Lethbridge [Sheriff, 1655 ; Mayor, 1660], by will 
dated Nov. 17, 1669 (D. 509, 510 ; Sept. on Charities, 196) 
left money to the churchwardens of the church of St. Mary 
Arches for loaves of " a midle sort of bread " to be given to 
14 poor people "that goe to ye church and stay there every 
lord's day during ye tyme of divine service and sermon (if any 
bee) " ; also lands, tenements &c. in Exeter and Newton Abbot 
to the Chamber as an endowment for the almshouses that he 
had erected in the parish of Holy Trinity near the Southgate 
[i.e. in James Street (Rept. on Char., p. 199,) adjoining Bon vile's 
Almshouses in the Combe Row (see page 6).] [Lethbridge's 
is now merged with Fkye's andDavie's Charity in Parr Street 
Endowed Charities, p. 373,] and to the Governors of St. John's 
Hospital for the maintenance of one or more poor boys in the 
Hospital (page 252). 

The documents, which range from 1576 to 1763, chiefly 
refer to tenure and leases of the property which includes 
" Haccombe Downs," a meadow called " Green way " or 
" Green way head," and " Exweeke Grounds " in the parish 
of St. Thomas' (Rept. on Char., p. 199), purchased by 
Lethbridge in 1651 (D. 496, 510, 517). 

(k) Peryam's Charity. 

Three documents. D. 523-524a. 

John Peryam [Sheriff, 1582 ; Mayor, 1587, 1598 ; a deputy 
Lieutenant for Exeter in 1609, Comm. LXXIV (p. 10)], by inden- 
ture dated Oct. 20, 1616 (Rept. on Char., p. 228), gave l,OOOZ.to 
be used as loans in sums of 2001. each to 5 Merchant Adventurers 
[he was Governor of the Merchants' Guild, in 1587 : Cotton, 
Guild, 43, 114] trafficking beyond the seas not being shop- 
keepers by Retail (see page 41) and especially unto such as are 
of the meaner sort and of indifferent abilities " subject to a 
bond for repayment in 3 years." Full details are given in 
D. 523. 

In L. 157, Sept. 20, 1613, he prays the Chamber that he 
may not be elected Mayor at the ensuing election on account 
of his great age (72 years) and many infirmities. 



278 

In L. 176 he makes a similar request on Aug. 17, 1616. 

For account of him, showing that he had a house in London, 
where he was living in 1585, see Cotton, Guild, 35, 114. For 
his portrait in the Mayor's Parlour at Exeter, see Oliver, 219 ; 
Cotton, Guild, p. 27. For his signature " Jo. Peryam," see 
D. 1647a, Jan., 1588. 

(1) Seldon's Charity. 

Forty-six documents. D. 525-568a. 

Laurence Seldon [a bailiff in 1586] by his will dated May 8, 
1598 (D. 561, 562 ; Kept, on Char., p. 165) left property in 
the parish of Sowton [formerly called Clist Formison, near 
Exeter ; Oliver, Mon., 453, 456], the proceeds of which were 
to be distributed in bread and money doles among the poor 
of certain parishes and prisoners in the High Gaol, the Sheriff's 
Ward and the Counter in Exeter. The deeds relate to this 
property, which was known as the Moor of Rigdon in the 
Lordship of Ringswell. They date from circ. 1250 till it came 
into Lawrence Seldon's possession (in 1587, D. 525-540) and 
thenceforward till his death in May, 1598 (D. 541-561). These 
are followed by a group of documents relating to the admin- 
istration of the estate till 1654 (D. 562-568a). 

D. 564 (undated) shows that " Browcke the paynter " was 
to have painted a portrait of Seldon for the Chamber, but 
that in 1607 (circa.) "there is not any thinge donn therein 
nor licke to be." 

(m) Wynard's Almshouses. 

Seventeen documents. D. 573-789. 

William Wynard (al. Wonard or Wenard D. 578), Recorder 
of Exeter 1404-1442 [Radford, p. 9 ; not 1453, as Oliver, 235, 
quoting Hooker's M8. t /. 203] founded this " Godshouse " 
(D. 574, 583) ; or " almeshous," Shillingford, 85) in Magdalen 
Street for 12 infirm poor people on Jan. 20, 1436, which he 
placed under the supervision of the Mayor and 12 citizens. 
On Jan. 22, 1437, he purchased from the Chamber for 200/. the 
customs of fish in Exeter with the " trestalls " and tables for 
selling fish in the markets and fairs for 21 years (D. 1157). 

Three of the earliest of the sedocuments (D. 573, 575, 679, 
Dec. 31, 1435 ; Jan. 20, 1436 ; May 20, 1437) contain the 
seal of John Shillingford, who was then one of the feoffees 
of a tenement near the " Carfoix " and the land adjoining the 
street called " Ydellond " and other property which formed 
part of the endowment of the charity. He was also one of 
the 12 citizens of Exeter to whom, together with the Mayor, 
the oversight of the Hospital was committed (D. 580). 

D. 574, Jan. 20, 1436 [i.e. the ordination for the foundation 
of the Hospital] has been printed in full hi Oliver, Mon., 404 ; 
J. Gidley, Statement relating to William Wynard's Charity, 
pp. 5, 93, 107 ; with an abstract in English in Rept. on 
Char., 284. 



279 

The founder's seal appears in D. 577, 578, (Jan. 31, 1436 ; 
April 5, 1437). 

InD. 584, Sept. 4, 1438, (of which the text, both in Latin 
and English, appears in Gidley, 5, 107, 125, with abstracts 
in Oliver, Mon., 404 ; and Rept. on Char., p. 283) the remainder 
of the founder's property is granted after his death to John 
Bluet and others, including John Fortescue, sergeant-at-law, 
as trustees in the event of the failure of others (Gidley, 102, 
134). 

In this collection 12 early deeds (D. 573-584), dating from 
1435 to 1438 are followed by 5 others (D. 585-589) ranging 
from 1656 to 1664 relating to orders issued by the Court of 
Chancery on Feb. 20, 1656 and April 9, 1657, requiring George 
Speke of White Lackington, near Chard, to rebuild the hospital, 
which had been pulled down and demolished during the late 
troubles [Izacke, 163, 211 ; Gidley, 11, 16].* 

In L. 570, Oct. 8, 1768, reference is made to an offer by 
Lord North when Chancellor of the Exchequer, to whom the 
property had come through his marriage with Ann Speke 
(Gidley, p. 73 ; Endowed Charities, p. 383), to sell the Wynard 
Estate to Mr. Thomas Coffyn, goldsmith, of Exeter, for 800 
guineas. Lord North afterwards conveyed the property to 
William Kennaway on Nov. 19, 1789. (Ibid.) 

For the Winard Minute Book, see Book 49. 

(n) Miscellaneous Deeds. 

A vast collection of documents (D. 590-1860, with numerous 
intercalations), of which Nos. 590-888, extending from temp. 
William I to Sept. 29, 1355, appear in abstract in Notes and 
Gleanings [i.e. from S. Moore's Calendar], the rest are still 
only accessible through the Calendar itself which still remains 
unpublished. They relate chiefly to property in the City and 
suburbs, and comprise wills, leases, grants, quit-claims, convey- 
ances, releases of debts, letters of attorney, covenants, licences 
for structural alterations, indentures, bonds and deeds of various 
kinds. Many of them bear the seal of the Mayoralty (e.g. 
D. 923, 924, 925, 927a,6, 928, 940, 943, 946, 953, 965, 985 
and passim), or the City seal (e.g. D. 929, 954, 955, 961, 970), 
pointing to a connection of the documents as a whole with 
the Mayor's Court, e.g. D. 786a (Jan. 15, 1322) is endorsed 
" Inrotulatur in libro nigro " [i.e. the " Black Book," Oliver, 
Hist., 309 ; or " Blacke Kolle " (Bk. 52, /. 223 ; see Misc. 
Rolls No. 2), or " Black Leiger " (Book 51, /. 155, pages 85, 95)]. 

* In 1656 these documents were stated to be "in the custody of the 
Mayor &c. of Exeter, in a box there for that purpose ordained " ; 
and it was believed that they were first brought thither by Mr. Wynard 
himself or by his order," and that the Mayor &c. " had made search what 
other writings of and belonging to the said almshouses or lands were in their 
custody and could find 7 other small writings as letters of attorney and such like, 
of little value in the same box, and that they knew of no others." Gidley, 
p. 14. 



280 

D. 800 (Dec. 11, 1326) is endorsed: " Ind. of inrolment on 
City Court rolls." D. 805, Feb. 8, 1328, is an agreement made 
before the Mayor and others in full Court in regard to the 
will of Peter Soth, with the Mayoralty seal appended. 
D. 812a (Oct. 23, 1329) and D. 971a (1349) are extracts from 
the City Court RoUs. D. 904 (1361, printed in Oliver, Mem., 
308) is an extract from the Mayor's Court Roll ; also D. 909 
(1357-1367). 

D. 1016, March 5, 1347, is endorsed : " Md. of the enrolment 
on the Mayor's Court Roll." D. 1031 (May 22, 1402) is a 
Final Concord made " in full court of the City of Exeter." 
D. 1524 (May 11, 1562) is a copy from the Court Roll of the 
Manor of Duryurd. 

The earliest document in the collection is the undated 
grant by William I of the church of St. Olave's at Exeter to 
Battle Abbey (D. 590, printed hi Oliver, Mon., 116 ; Dugdale, 
Hon., iii, 243), attested by Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Osbern Bishop of Exeter and others. This is followed by a 
confirmation by Henry I (D. 591) of a grant to the Chapter 
of the Cathedral at Exeter of the churches of St. Petrock, 
St. Peran [? Perranzabuloe, Oliver, Mon., 71], St. Doquin [alias 
Lannow or St. Kew Staff. Reg. 318, called " Tohov " in 
confirmation by King Stephen, 1136 Hist. MSS. Var. Coll., 
iv, 43], St. Probus and others (see Oliver, Mon., p. 59). 

In D. 592 (1155) the land in St. Martin's Street is granted 
by the Cathedral Chapter, subject to the payment of a gersom 
of half a mark and 3s. yearly. In D. 599 (circ. 1200) is a 
reference to land where Eswald the Leper dwells. In D. 614 
(circ. 1225 ?) William de Mariscis refers to " my Isle of Lundi " 
and a " court of the Island." In D. 619a (circ. 1224 ; or circ. 
1220 in Oliver, Mon., 154) Henry Archdeacon of Exeter and 
William Prior of Cowick are deputed by Randulph the Papal 
Legate to arbitrate in a dispute between the Abbot of 
Buckfestre [i.e. Buckfastleigh] and the Hospital of St. Alexius ; 
and in D. 624 (circ. 1240) the " virgata " [i.e. rod or 
pole] of land is defined as 18J/J. There are grants to the 
Exe Bridge in 1247 (D. 632) and 1256 (D. 661) ; a grant 
by the Abbot of Ford that Charmouth shall be a free borough 
(D. 6636 printed in Oliver, Mon., 352), and a grant [? 1270] 
of a house in Exeter by Avelina Prioress of Polslo (D. 682a, 
with seal of the Priory see Oliver, Mon., 163, 408). 

In D. 696 is an agreement between the City and Bishop 
Quivil for enclosing the churchyard of the Cathedral in 1286 
(see Misc. Rolls II, No. 30 ; printed in Izacke, pp. 23-25). 
In D. 698 (see Oliver, Mon., 330) is the grant of Friernhay 
to the Grey Friars by Edmund Earl of Cornwall on 
Feb. 2, 1287, with confirmation by Edward I on March 2, 
1288 (D. 701 ; Oliver, Mon., 330) and an injunction (D. 702 ; 



281 

Misc. Rolls 54, m. 3), dated March 3, 1288, at " Burgum 
Regine " [i.e. Blanquefort, near Bordeaux Bemont iii, 33] 
forbidding the Mayor &c. to molest them in their close or 
place next the City wall. This was confirmed by Richard II 
on March 8, 1399 (D. 1023 ; Misc. Rolls 54, m. 8 ; Oliver, 
Mon., 331, where it is called March 28, 1399). In D. 707, 
June 16, 1291 (see Oliver, Mon., 335) is an agreement between 
the Mayor &c. and the Black Friars for quittance of a rent 
charge on " Crykenepet " Mill (see p. 71). In D. 737 (1240 
see Oliver, Mon., 224) is a quit-claim from the Prior of Leigh 
[i.e. Canonsleigh in Burlescombe]. In D. 743a is an indenture 
dated April 30, 1303, between the Mayor &c. and the four 
owners of a ship called La Sauveye (sic) of Exemouth to be 
used in the King's service for the Scottish wars, and similarly 
in D. 956 (Sept. 29, 1310), where the St. Marie Cogde Exemuth 
is engaged to serve for 40 days with a master (receiving 8d. 
per day) a " burser et conestable " (at 8d.) and 28 mariners 
(4d. each). In D. 786, Jan. 15, 1322 (printed in Brantyngham, 
Reg., i, 272) is an agreement between the Bishop and the 
Mayor &c. as to right of access to the City walls (see Oliver, 72). 
In D. 791 (Feb. 23, 1324) the Mayor and others are about to 
appear before the Barons of the Exchequer to show cause 
why the King should not commit the custody of the City to 
whomsoever he will, In D. 801 (1291 Oliver, Mon., 331) 
is a seal of the Grey Friars. 

In D. 1111, Aug. 5, 1421, is a letter from Archbishop Chichele 
setting forth a complaint of the Grey Friars of Exeter con- 
cerning a profanation of their house, with " Sigillum ad 
Causas " of the Archbishop. (Printed in Oliver, Mon., 333.) 

For a subsequent letter on the same subject from Bishop 
Beaufort as Conservator of the Order of Friars Minors in 
England, to the Dean and Chancellor of the Cathedral of 
Exeter and others, seel>. 1112 (Oct. 30, 1421) with a fragment 
of Bishop Beaufort's seal. 

Early Witts. 

The Miscellaneous Deeds include copies of several Wills 
of an earlier date than those which form a separate class among 
the records entered in the Calendar, vol. ii, which extend 
from March 3, 1555 to June 4, 1765. Those included 
in this collection are usually proved in the Mayor's Court, 
sometimes in the Archdeacon's office also. 

In D. 802 is a copy of the will (April 3, 1327) of Peter Soth 
with the Mayoral seal, containing references to property 
in " Waterber Strete," a tenement in the High Street called 
" Marsheles Hous Bakere," " cum coffino quod vocatur 
wylye," lands &c. in t<L Tyghertehaye," rent of a "falaisia"; 
(cliff) without the Northgate next the bank of the Exe, a 
garden called "la Medehaye," a tenement called "La Cage " 



282 

opposite St. James* Church, and a place in South Street, 
which he recovered as Chief Lord for non-payment of rent 
by process of " Gavelack and Shorford " in the City 
Court. In D. 809 (March 6, 1329) is the will of Ralph 
Atte Lane or Atterlane, in which he names a garden in 
" Chollefelde " and 2 " sullines " (i.e. selions) of land in 
" Serlyshey " (or " Serlesheye " D. 159). D. 914, the will of 
Nicholaa Woterford, dated June 2, 1369, in which he leaves 
I2d. to the Rector of Trinity for forgotten tithes ; the will of 
Nicholas de Alberton proved in the Mayor's Court in 1348 
(D. 969) and recited in D. 971 (March 28, 1384) ; the will of 
Joan Wilde (D. 994), dated Sept. 3, 1391, showing her furniture, 
utensils &c. ; the will of John Nymet (D. 994a), dated Oct. 27, 
1391, containing some curious bequests ; the will of Roger 
Hethman (D. 998), May, 1393, with a note of probate in the 
City Court. In D. 1002 (Feb. 16, 1395) is a reference to the 
executors of the will of Thomas Smythesheghes. In D. 1007 
is the will of William Row, dated Aug. 31, 1395, proved 
Nov. 15, 1395, in which he leaves two " Sullones, Anglice 
Rygges " of land without the East Gate on this side 
" Maudelynhey," a close called " Averysland " and a " dayva " 
of land next the lane towards Polslo. For a half 
" dayva " of land lying byne the wey without the Eastgate, 
see D. 862 (July 20, 1347). In D. 1014 (Oct. 3, 1396) is the 
will of Andrew Poleworth, baker, in which he leaves his 
house in " Corrystrete " with a garden next " Pacye- 
strete." This will was proved both in the Archdeacon's Office 
on Nov. 24, 1396, and in the City Court on Feb. 19, 1397. 
In D. 1108a is the will of Philip Courtour, dated May 26, 1421. 
In D. 1150 (July 20, 1432) is the will of John Hethman, in 
which he leaves Is. 8d. to the Curate of St. Paul's on account 
of forgotten tithes, also 16d. each to the monks of St. Nicholas, 
the Friars Preachers and the Friars Minor if they shall be 
present at his burying at St. Peter's. The will was proved 
before the officer of the Archdeacon of Exeter on Sept. 24, 
1432. In D. 1241a (Aug. 20, 1464) is the will (in English) of 
Mawte, wife of Hugh Courtenay, knight, in which she 
leaves houses in " Prestonstrete " and " Tygherstrete " to 
pay 13d. to 13 poor men in Grendon's Almshouses [i.e. the 
Ten Cells in Preston Street founded by Simon Grendon in 
1406 Izacke, 207 ; Rept. on Char., 91 ; Endowed Charities, 
331. Grendon, who was Mayor in 1395, 1398 and 1405, left 
his charity to be administered by the Chamber]. She also 
left 3s. to the Prior and 2s. to each of the monks of St. Nicholas' 
Priory, who after " comply n sayd or songe " daily for ever- 
more shall sing an anthem of Our Lady there and say the 
psalme De profundis with Pater Noster and Ave Maria, " wyth 
preces and orysons thereto belonging at my tumbe and buryell 
there for evermore for my soul, &c." In D. 1264 (Oct . 6 
1472) is the will of Edward Benet, smith, in which he leaves 
his " toga de scarleto et mustardevylics," and " lytell 



283 

poyntyng anvyld." The tools &c. in his shop are left to his 
wife if she chooses to carry on the business, and if not to his 
two servants. The seal of the Archdeacon is appended, 
and there is a memorandum of probate on March 16, 1474. 
In D. 1266 (July 20, 1473) is the will (in English) of William 
Duke, in which he directs his executors to find " mete, drynke 
and honest housherber " for his daughter Elizabeth and 
her issue if she have any according to their degree, " as they 
will aunswere for byfore God at the dredfull day of judgement." 

In D. 1279, March 8, 1479, is the will of Joan Benet with 
the Archdeacon's seal, in which she leaves sundry articles 
of dress to her daughter Eleanor. 

In D. 1312, 1314, Aug. 18, 1491, Master Robert Rydon 
as Executor of the Will of Richard Turner, enters into an 
indenture whereby the Mayor is bound to pay 3d. a week 
to a tailor for life and to keep an anniversary for the testator 
and his wife Margery in the chapel of St. George. 

In D. 1361, May 5, 1510, is the will of William Doun, 
yeoman, in which he leaves his house in " Bochcrow," situate 
next to the tenement of Nicholas Wadham, knight, and 
land called " Chambernounsmershe," together with a tenement 
and garden in Cowykstrete, arranging for 65. Sd. yearly to be 
paid for the maintenance and continuation of a mass of the 
name of Jesus to be celebrated every Friday in the church 
of St. George next the Guildhall (see page 44). In D. 1377 
(Dec. 31, 1511) is the will (in English) of William Wilford, 
Esquire, in which he leaves his lands and tenements without 
Westgate to pay 13s. 4d. to the " pryste the whiche shall 
syng in Synt George ys Chapell withyn the Gyld Hall of the 
cite aforseyd over and above his olde wages, wherefore I will 
that the same priste dayly when he syngyth masse schalle 
say in the same masse for the soulys of me the seyd Willyam, 
and the seyd Annye [his wife] the colettes of Deus cui proprium 
and Inclina Domine aurem tuam, and in the ende of everye 
masse De profundis. Appended is the testator's seal " S. 
Willelmi Wyllford." Also in D. 1376 (Dec. 31, 1511). 

Water Supply. 

Li D. 192 (undated ? 1260) the Prior and Convent of St. 
Nicholas in Exeter grant leave to Martin Durling (called 
Derling in Coll. Top. i, 376 ; or Dirling in Oliver, Mon., 116) 
and his heirs to draw water "ab aqueductu que est in cemeterio 
nostro ce Occidentali parte ecclesie nostre per gardinum 
nostrum quod est in occidentali parte que ducit a magno vico 
usque ad Fratres Minores." 

In D. 718, Jan. 16, 1299, is an agreement on the part of 
the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter by consent of Edmund 



284 

Earl of Cornwall with Master Henry de Bolleg'*, Archdeacon 
of Totnes, concerning the building of a tower next the said 
Archdeacon's house per quam communis aqua civitatis 
ingreditur. 

In D. 864, Nov. 2, 1347, King Edward III grants to the 
Warden and Convent of the Grey Friars of Exeter, quod ipsi 
duos modicos (sic) atque ortus se jungentes in profunditate 
fossati civitatis Exon inter orientalem et australem portas 
ejusdem civitatis profundius fodere et muro lapideo basso 
includere et aquam de ortibus illis sive fonte inde facto exinde 
per fistulam subterraneam hi fossato predicto et ultra stratam 
regiam usque ad domum sive habitacionem fratrum pre- 
dictorum, qua in loco sicco situatur et ad quam aque cursus 
non habetur, ponendam ducere ac caput fontis predict! 
dictamque fistulam quotiens reparacione et emandacione 
indigent reparare et emendare ac de novo construere et 
facere prout magis expedire viderint &c. (printed in Oliver, 
Mon. y 333, from Pat. 21 Edivard III, 24; see Gal Pat. 
Edward III, vol. vii, p. 424). 

In D. 859 (May 3, 1346) is the settlement of a dispute 
between the Prior of St. Nicholas on the one side and the 
Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral and the Mayor &c. on the 
other, in regard to the making and repairing of the common 
water " conduit," the water of which rises without the East 
Gate in St. SidwelTs parish. The Dean and Chapter are to 
bring the water from the spring to the churchyard of St. Peter's, 
where the water is divided into three channels, of which the 
Mayor and Citizens take one and the Prior and Convent of 
St. Nicholas one each paying 8s. yearly to the Dean and 
Chapter. 

For references to the " Town will " (i.e. well, fons villce), 
see D. 1024, D. 1066 (Oct. 24, 1413), D. 1124 (Sept. 21, 1425), 
D. 1141 (March 21, 1430). For the Head-well in St. Sidwells, 
see D. 1097 (May 3, 1420), where the Chamber acquire per- 
mission to dig a trench from it through two closes to the high 
road and bring the water in leaden pipes through the said 
trench. 

In D. 761, Sept. 24, 1312, is a reference to a lane called 
" la Hevedwill " called the lane to " la Heavedwill " in D. 1028 
(Dec. 15, 1400) or " Hedwille," D. 1105 (Sept. 8, 1420). In 
D. 1188, 1189 (May 1, 1444), the Chamber obtain licence to 
dig for water in a close of land without the East Gate in 
St. Sidwell's Fee next a lane called " Cakelane," and to carry 
away the water there found in leaden pipes to the new conduit. 

In D. 1229, Sept. 8, 1458, is an agreement as to the abatement 
of a nuisance caused by rain water and other waters issuing 

* Bollegha. i.e. Bolhay, Bolegh, Bollet. Oliver, Mon., 49, 59, 60. Called 
Bolleys in Le Neve, 1, 402 



285 

from St. John's Hospital and the intermediate places to the 
almshouse erected by John Steven, situated opposite 
St. Stephen's Bow (i.e. St. Katherine's Almshouse extra 
portam clausi versus fratres ordinis prcedicatorum Exon. Oliver, 
Mon., 407, from the will of the founder, John Stevens, M.D., 
Canon of the Cathedral, dated Feb. 3, 1457, proved Feb. 27, 
1460), and descending to the head of the lane which leads 
to the city walls between the area of the Dominican Convent 
on the east and the houses of some of the Canons of the 
Cathedral on the west. The head of the lane was sometimes so 
obstructed by the waters as to form a great marsh and 
became a receptacle for filth and putrid carcases, exposing 
the inhabitants to the immediate danger of infection. It was 
now agreed that the Mayor &c. should erect a new gate at the 
head of the said lane of 8ft. wide, by which hay and fuel might 
be brought to the houses of the Canons who had doors opening 
into the lane, viz., the Archdeacon of Totnes, the Sub-Dean 
and Canon Martin Dyer and a stone pillar was to be made 
through the lane to convey the water into the Town Ditch. 

In D. 1418 (A.D. 1534) is a small paper book of 14 leaves 
containing a note of the expenses of making the Great Conduit. 
" Mdm. that John Newtun and John Gebcons beganne to 
make the grete condet of Exsetur the viij. day of Novembre, 
and here folowyth the costes and charges." The expenses are 
entered under weeks as " The Wyke of Saynte Marten." At 
the end, " Thys ys the hole boke, the sum thereof trewly caste 
as y can do xxviijfo*. xjs. viijrf." 

In D. 1690, Sept. 27, 1600, John Moore, plumber, of Exeter, 
contracts in consideration of 60Z. to lay new leaden pipes to 
the two conduits from the Chamber's two chief cisterns in the 
parish of St. Sidwell. 

In D. 1763, Jan. 1, 1649, John Canne, plumber, of Exeter, 
contracts for the repair of all lead pipes, cisterns &c. connected 
with the water works of the city for seven years. For a similar 
contract by Christopher Cann, plumber, see D. 1768 (Dec. 25, 
1653). 

In D. 1793a, Nov. 10, 1694, Jonathan Pyrke and Richard 
Lowbridge contract with the Mayor &c. concerning the water- 
works and the supplying of the City with water ; and in 
D. 1794a, Feb. 12, 1695, the Mayor &c. make a grant to them 
of the water works of the city and several parcels of land for 
a term of 200 years. [See L. 456.] 

John Shillingford. 

In D. 1196, Aug. 8, 1447, is a bond in 500?. from the Bishop 
and Chapter of Exeter to the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter 
to abide by the decision of Archbishop Stafford and other 
arbitrators in the dispute between Bishop Lacy and the city, 



286 

and to appear before the said arbitrators on the quinzaine of 
Michaelmas next (" whiche day we kepte," Shillingford, 
p. 2 ; cf. " to kepe the day of apparence atte xv. of Synt Michell 
as the city was bounde to as hit appereth by a bounde con- 
diycionell " Ibid., p. 5). The document is printed in 
Shillingford, p. 135 ; see also Book 51, f. 976. 

In D. 1198, 1199, Dec. 12, 1448, is the final settlement 
of the dispute with seals of Bishop Lacy and the Chapter. 
Fruited in Shillingford, p. 136 ; see also Book 51, f. 986, 99 ; 
Misc. Bolls 69. For Bishop Lacy's bond in 2,000?. (Dec. 12, 
1448) to perform the covenants made, see D. 1200 printed in 
Shillingford, p. 140. 

John Shillingford's name occurs as an owner of property in 
Exeter in D. 1179 (Sept. 28, 1441) ; D. 1210 (April 26, 1454) ; 
also that of several of his colleagues in the conflict with 
Bishop Lacy, e.g., Thomas Dowrish (D. 1105, 1107, 1138, 
1158) ; William Speer (D. 1192) ; Kichard Druell (D. 1268) ; 
John Coteler (D. 1164, 1177, 1181, 1184, 1203, 1225, 1226); 
Hugh Germyn (D. 1179, 1203, 1259, 1332, 1364 for property 
belonging to him hi " Archelane " in the parish of St. Mary 
Arches as to which a dispute arose subsequently with the 
Prior of Launceston, see D. 1332, Sept. 30, 1499) ; John Germyn 
(D. 1114, 1210, 1222) ; Thomas Montagu (D. 1169, 1179, 1192, 
1207) ; John Copleston (D. 1212) ; and Master Roger Kyes 
(D. 1259, or Keys, Treasurer of the Cathedral 1467-1477). 

Sundries. 

In D. 1202 is a bundle of copies and memoranda of writs 
(A.D. 1367 to 1449) with references to the Memoranda Rolls 
of the Exchequer relating to the scrutiny of gold and silver, 
the exportation of provisions &c., &c., contrary to statute and 
proclamation. 

In D. 1235, June 20, 1461, is a letter of protection from 
Donald McKayard, Prince of Dece [? Decies, co. Waterford, 
or Deece, co. Meath] (see Loch Ce, i, 57 ; ii, 553), and Dermitius 
O'Sullfivan], capitaneus sue nacionis to Vulialm Neil, master 
of a ship called Maria Otresmuth [i.e. Ottermouth] of protection 
and defence on land and sea so long as the said ship remains 
in their dominion (with seal much defaced). 

City Gates. 

In D. 918 (A.D. 1370) is a licence by the Chamber to John 
Nymet, citizen of Exeter, to make two doors, one in the east 
part of the tower over the North Gate and another in the east 
part of his garden next the city wall, provided that the keys 
of the said doors remain in the custody of the Chamber. 

In D. 1248, Sept. 29, 1466, is a lease by the Mayor &c. for 
87 years of a "chambour in cure towre over the Estgeate 



287 

with le house thereto adjoinante being and lyinge immediately 
betwixte the said chamboure in the Est party and the chapel 
of Seynt Bartholomewe in the West party," subject to the 
condition that it shall not be sublet " to any Lord or Lady 
by the whiche the said city shulde be troubled or vexed, but 
only to priests beneficed above the sum of 201. or to wymmen or 
dwellers within the city and suburbs." 

In D. 1280, June 28, 1480, this chamber is described as 
being " ultra " the East Gate, though endorsed : " the towre 
over the yeate." 

In D. 1315, Sept. 8, 1491, is a lease by the Mayor &c., to 
Henry Grymston, clerk, of a tenement with chambers and 
chapel annexed above the Eastgate. 

In D. 1275, Sept. 25, 1477, is a grant from the Mayor and 
Commonalty of Exeter to Robert Russell of " our Tower above 
the Westgate." 

Li D. 1293, March 1, 1486, the wardens of the church of 
St. Mary Steps grant a licence to Robert Russell to fix a 
chimney upon a house belonging to the church of St. Mary 
Steps. 

In D. 1334, Sept. 8, 1500, John Russell, son and heir of 
Robert Russell, gives a receipt to Edward Carswell of 
Plymouth for 64 dozen of white woollen cloths in full satis- 
faction of a sum of money owing to him for five tenements in 
Westgate with a small seal and signature " per me John 
Russell." 

In D. 1352 (April 21, 1506) is a grant from Edward Carsewell 
and Alice his wife to John Orenge and others of all their 
property in the parish of St. Mary's Steps as well as a Chamber 
above the West gate. 

Letters of Fraternity. 

D. 1256c (A.D. 1468). Letters of fraternity issued by Friar 
Robert Munst, of Thelisford*, Vicar General of the Trinitarians, 
admitting Robert Yonge, Chaplain, and Ralph and his wife, 
Anastasia, into the brotherhood and granting to them 
participacionem omnium bonorum spiritualium quce fient et 
erunt in toto ordine nostro predicto. 

Endorsed : Ego absolve te ab omnibus peccatis tuis per 
te contritus (sic) et michi vere confessus (sic) necnon et de 
oblitis quorum non recordaris de quibus velles confiteri ac 
plenariam absolucionem omnium peccatorum tuorum in 
quantum claves ecclesise se extendunt tibi do et concedo. 
Ita ut sis absolutus ante tribunal domini nostri Jhu Christi 
habeasque vitam eternam in secula seculorum. Amen. 

* i,e. the Priory of Thelesford near Charlcote in Warwickshire, 



288 

Connection with London. 

In D. 1288, Sept. 28, 1482, Thomas Percy,* Prior of the 
Church of the Holy Trinity [in Aldgate], London, acknow- 
ledges receipt of 121. 16s. 3d. paid to him by the Mayor out 
of the farm of the City of Exeter due to the Priory by the 
alms of the progenitors of the King [Edward IV i.e. since 
the time of Queen Maud (wife of Henry I), who in 1108 granted 
to the Priory duas partes redditus civitatis Exonie Dugd., 
Mon., vi, 150, 153 ; or 25 limes blanches Ibid., 157 ; Stow, 
London, i, 140]. 

In D. 1345, May 26, 1502, is a memorandum that the 
Lord Chancellor has decreed that the citizens of London 
should return to the citizens of Exeter all such distress as 
they have taken from hem in times past for scavage [or 
" shewage," which was made illegal in the Parliament that 
met at Westminster on Jan. 25, 1504 Sfat., ii, 653. For 
this claim of the Mayor of London, see Book 51, /. 36 ; Book 52, 
/. 280; Misc. Rolls, 82]. 

In D. 14306 (28 Henry VIH, i.e. 1536-37) the Chamber 
petition that in their new Charter [i.e. Charter XXXIII, 
granted Aug. 23, 1537] the Mayor, Bailiffs and Commonalty 
may hold a Gilda Mercatoria cum Hansa, as the Mayor and 
citizens of London do, so that no one except those belonging 
to the Guild shall traffic hi the city. 

In D. 1623&, Jan. 29, 1584, are the London rates for woolles, 
the charges and duties at the King's beame in Leden Hall 
and the wages of the officers and ministers of the Staple at 
Westminster made in 18 Edward IV (1478-9) and ratified 
and confirmed in 1584. 

Cowley Bridge. 

In D. 1428, 1430a, Jan. 10, 1537, is a letter from Sir Thomas 
Denys, Kt., and other Justices of the Peace for the County 
of Devon to the Sheriff of Devon and all Mayors, Bailiffs, 
Constables &c., praying for aid to rebuild Cowley Bridge 
" and wheir by the greatt habundance and vyolence of the 
water of Exe a greytt parte of the brygge comynly callyd 
Cowlegh Brygge whiche of old tyme by the charytabyll actys 
of well disposed people wasse of olde tyme buylded and make 
over the Ryver of Exe betwene the citie of Exceter and other 
parties necessarye to have recors to the said citie and other 
parties abowte or ny the sayd citie there laboryng and 
travayling ys nowe lattely fallyn downe brokyn and decayd 
yn a greytt part theirof and nott lykely to be reedyfyed and 
made ageyn without grett cheryte and the cherytabyll ayde 
and helpe of the inhabitants of thys countie and for as moche 
as the sayd brygge wasse the King's hygh waye and the comyn 

* Appointed October 2, 1481. Dugd., Mon., vi., 161. 



289 

passage of all the Kyng's subjects and people over the seid 
ryver of Exe and that the lake theirof wul not be only a greyt 
hurte and decay to the comyn welth but also many daungers 
thereby also ensue and chauns to the Kyng's subjects laboryng 
and travaylyng the countrey both by day and by nyght &c. 
Therefore they pray for charytabyll helpe and socour for the 
new buyldyng and amendyng of the seyd brygge after your 
liabilities and good willes." " And thus ye schall deserve the 
rewarde of God and to be yn goode and godly reporte of and 
for the comyn welth." With four seals and the signatures of 
the justices. 

Attached to this is a letter (D. 1429, 1430), dated Dec. 25, 
1536, from John [Voysey] Bishop of Exeter [1519-1551] to 
all Abbots, Priors, Provosts &c., reciting the breaking of the 
bridge and the peril and inconvenience therefrom arising, 
requesting them to make aid to the rebuilding and offering 
40 days of pardon to all who shall contribute. [For a voluntary 
contribution made by the inhabitants of the County in 1536, 
see Izacke, 118.] 

In D. 215, Nov. 20, 1499, is a reference to the highway 
from Exeter to Cowley Bridge, which is called " the great 
bridge called Cowley Bridge in the manor of Duryurd " in 
D. 1477 (April 24, 1553). 

Exmouth Ferry. 

In D. 1437, April 28, 1542, is a lease from the Chamber to 
John Drake of Exmouth for 29 years at a rental of 265. 8d. of 
" all that our Ferry and passage at Exmouth and our boat 
called " le passage bote " with all gear pertaining to the 
same, " together with a piece of land next the sea at Exmouth 
called " Prattishedd," measuring 110ft. by SGft., with small 
seal and signature " by me John Drake the eldear of 
Exmouth." 

In D. 1512, June 1, 1558, is a similar lease for 70 years to 
Gilbert Drake of Lytelham, gent., who covenants to repair 
and maintain the ferry. 

For composition between the Abbot of Sherborne (Dorset) 
and the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter in regard to this 
ferry in 1265-66, see Misc. Rolls II, 34. 

Farming of Dues. 

In D. 1442, Oct. 1, 1543, is a lease for 5 years at a rental 
of III. granted by the Mayor &c. to John Jonys of Exeter, 
capper, of " all that cure ferine of Baggavell [for " perticulers of 
such duties as dothe appertaine to Bagavell," see Book 52, 
/. 244], Chepgavell and Brythyngavell [called " brethyngavell " 
in D. 1487 ; " brithingavel," Misc. Rolls II, 35 ; " bethu- 
gavel," Izacke, Proem., 20 ; Oliver, 310], with the cu&tome 
of apples, oyle and hony," also " all that oure ferme of weying 

Wt. 20757. Ex 19 



290 

of yerne [called weyng and wyghtyng of yarn and woll in 
D. 1487], as well at the feer tymes as at every markett 
tyme " the rates being set out in the document. For 
similar leases see D. 1487 (April 13, 1554) for 21 years 
at a rental of 121. ; D. 1626 (Sept. 28, 1584) where " there 
ferme of wool " is leased to Henry Wynnam, weaver ; D. 1671 
(Sept. 12, 1595), where the " ferme of waighynge of yarne " 
is leased to Thomas Jurden, weaver ; D. 1689 (Sept. 20, 1600), 
where their farm of weighing wool is leased to Richard Miller, 
glover. 

In D. 1480, Jan. 20, 1554, is a lease of " the custome of 
wode and foyell called the wodhay " to John Hayward of 
Exiland, " flaccher." 

In D. 1622, Sept. 18, 1583, is a lease for 17 years at a rental 
of 2QL p.a. to Nicholas Spicer, merchant, of " the Towne 
Custome due to the Mayor &c. for the entrye of all manner of 
shippes, barkes, boates and vessells whatsoever arryvynge 
within the Porte or Haven of the citye of Exeter," and " of 
all manner of wares and merchandizes laden and brought in 
them," with all forfeitures and profits in terms of the yearly 
farm paid by the city into the Exchequer. For similar leases, 
see D. 1715 (Nov., 1610), for 20 years at 20Z. rental ; D. 1756 
(Jan. 2, 1638), for 5 years at 32Z. rental. See also pp. 72, 73, 
(Topsham). 

In L. 351 (circa. 1630) is a reference to the Quay Lime Kilns 
belonging to the Chamber. 

For the town custom or duties mortgaged for 5001. on 
June 11, 1700, see D. 1801, 1803, 1807, 1817, 1822, 1833, 
1834, 1835, 1839 ; also for 1,OOOZ., see D. 1846 (Feb. 25, 1761). 

The customs of Exeter (consuetudines, see Oliver, pp. 310- 
312) were collected " from all persons bringing goods into 
the markets to be sold " (D. 1818, Jan. 20, 1712 ; Misc. Roll II, 
35). For Accounts of the Collectors of the Town Custom, 
Town Duties and Cellarage, 1701 to 1827 (with gaps), see 
Books 169-181. Also Books of the Rates of the Towne Custom 
from the reign of James I onwards, see Books 234-244, of 
which Book 239 contains : " A Table to know what goods 
or merchandize there is allowed to the ton and what every 
man is to pay for that which is not compted by tonnage," 
made in 1598. 

For law-suits in connection with the Town Customs from 
temp. Elizabeth onwards see Law Papers in Calendar II, 
pp. 231-234. 

For Customs Rolls, i.e. accounts of the .Collectors of the 
Town Custom, Petty Custom or Town Duty levied in the 
Port of Exeter from temp. Edward I to 1610, with occasional 
gaps, see Calendar II, pp. 186-192. 

In D. 1731, Sept. 29, 1615, is a lease from the Mayor &c. of 
the farm or custom commonly called ''Barelbearing." For 



291 

similar leases see D. 17386 (Sept. 29, 1621), D. 1746 (Oct. 6, 
1628), with schedules of rates attached. In D. 1632 (Sept. 16, 
1585) is a reference to Edward Wagband, of Exeter, " barel- 
berer." 

Property of Religious Houses. 

In D. 1465a is a paper book showing rents arising from 
the property in Exeter and the suburbs lately belonging to 
the religious houses, viz., St. John's Hospital, St. Nicholas 
Priory, the Nunnery of Polslo, the Abbeys of Ford, Dunkeswell, 
and Newenham, the Priories of Pilton, Plympton and 
Launceston and St. John's Hospital at Bridgwater. All 
this property was purchased for 899Z. Is. lid. on April 2, 1545, 
by John Haydon and Thomas Gibbes (see L. 19, page 20), by 
whom they were surrendered on March 7, 1546, to Sir John 
Williams, knight, Treasurer of Augmentations, and Henry 
Norryce (or Norres), Esquire (D. 1452, with seals and initials 
of Harvey and Gibbes), of whom they were purchased by 
John Blackaller, John Mydwinter, William Hurst, William 
Buckenham, Thomas Prestwood and John Peryam for 
1,460 2s. 3d. on May 20, 1549 (D. 1464, 1465 ; Misc. Roll 28), 
from whom they finally passed into the hands of the 
Corporation on Oct. 7, 1555, see D. 1498, (in which the details 
are again enumerated) ; D. 1499 (i.e. a letter-of-attorney 
from the Chamber to Edmund Wytcumbe and Humphrey 
Jewne to take over the property from John Blackaller and 
others) ; D. 1499a, 14996 (showing the rental) ; Book 52, 
/. 1716. Attached to D. 1449 is a slip of parchment showing 
" the charges of John Wyllams, Wyllam Huste, John 
Blackaller, Thomas Prestwood, John Mydwynter, Wyllam 
Bucknam and John Peryham for a write of dedimus postestatem 
for theyr fealties." 

Some Leases. 

In D. 1468, May 26, 1550, Alice Heth of Exeter, widow, 
grants a reversionary lease of a tenement at West Teignmouth 
near the sea-shore to the south to John Mugge and Joan his 
wife, with the following note : Item if the said Alice be 
disposed to come to the said John Mugge's house iiij. tymes 
in the yere the said John is contentyd to his cost and charges 
to fend hur mete, drynk and beddyng and as God schall send 
hym at every tyme a wyke." 

In D. 1477, April 24, 1553, is the lease of a meadow called 
" Cowemarshe " for 90 years or terminable with 3 lives, the 
survivers paying a heriot or " ffarleve " at each decease with 
sundry other covenants. 

In D. 1523, May 20, 1562, is the lease of a house in Racke 
Lane in the Parish of St. Mary Major, together with a 
" braying mantell " and a well. 



292 

The Gaol. 

In D. 1500, March 10, 1566, Elizabeth Ho well, widow, 
gives a bond for 501. to the Chamber for the proper discharge 
of her duties as keeper of the gaol, which office she has by 
lease dated Sept. 24, 1547. In D. 1501, 1502, 1503 (same 
date) three other sureties (male) give bonds for her, each for 50 J. 

In D. 1721, April 4, 1613, are orders for the establishing, 
continuance and governance of a house of correction in the 
city of Exeter ; also in D. 1776, July 10, 1665. 

In D. 1761, March 23, 1646, the keepership of the gaol is 
granted to Gabriel Thomas of Rewe, yeoman. 

In L. 480, April 2, 1722, is an order for appointing the 
Town Clerk Treasurer of the Gaol and Hospital money for 
1722. 

In 1833a, Aug. 4, 1729, is a table of fees to be taken by 
the gaolers of Insolvent Debtors at Exeter. 

In D. 1838a, Dec. 21, 1741, the Governors of St. John's 
Hospital grant to the Mayor &c. a lease of two tenements hi 
Paris Street to erect a Bridewell. 

For a reference to the French prison, see D. 1840 (Feb. 9, 
1750). 

The Ten Cells. 

In D. 1533, April 22, 1554, William Hurst [see Cotton, 
Guild, 36], as surviving feoffee of John Fulforde, clerk, under 
a deed dated Oct. 20, 1517, grants to the Mayor &c. the Ten 
Cells, with 10 gardens adjacent in Prestestrete [i.e. Simon 
Grendon's almshouses, with seal and signature "by me William 
Hurst." For Maud Courtenay's gift to these Almshouses, 
see D. 1241. For Alice Heyth's (see D. 1468, p. 291) 
gift to them by deed dated May 8, 1556, see Kept, on 
Char., p. 91. 

Duryurd Wood. 

In D. 1556, Oct. 2, 1568, is a lease from the Mayor &c. of 
" a certeine rawde " in their wood of Duryurd for the taking 
of woodcockes and other byrdes in the same and also the 
mastage and pannage of the said wood. 

In D. 1796, Aug. 11, 1698, the . Chamber lets "all mynes 
of Led, Tyn, Copper or Iron and all my^ies of Coale " in 
Duryard Wood for three lives, the Chamber to have the 
5th part of all ores or coal found. 

Felon's Goods. 

In D. 1595a is the sale to Anthony Floyer [d. Nov. 28, 1608 
Worthy, Suburbs, 162] of lands formerly belonging to 



293 

Charles Floyer, gentleman, which came into the possession of 
the Mayor &c. " by reason of a felonye by the said Charrelles 
commytted and done in killinge of one Walter Harris, and 
whereof he is outlawed and attainted " (see Charter XXVIII). 
For Floyer Hayes near the Snayl Tower, see Worthy, Suburbs, 
161. 

The Bonyfield Family. 

In D. 1645, Sept. 6, 1587, is a lease of a tenement in 
Southgate Street now in the tenure of Lawrence Bonyfield, 
endorsed with a memorandum showing the history of the 
Bonyfield family. 

In D. 1727, May 20, 1615, is a note concerning some 
furniture in a tenement at Southgate. 

Licence to beg. 

In D. 1733, Nov. 25, 1615, is a licence from the Admiralty 
to Mary, widow of Thomas Parker, mariner, late of West- 
minster, who was shipwrecked and lost over 5001. , to pass 
through the country unmolested to receive alms and benevo- 
lence of kindly disposed persons, with seal and signature of 
" Chas. Nottiggam " [Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham, 
Lord High Admiral]. 

In D. 1734, May 1, 1616, is a similar licence signed " Charles 
Nottingham," the latter word having been previously written 
" Howarde " but altered. 

Hele's Hospital. 

D. 1777 (Oct. 21, 1669 Rept. on Char., 77). Deed of 
settlement between the executors of Robert Snowe, clerk, 
of Exeter, who was executor of Dr. Robert Vilvayne (see 
page 12) and the Mayor and others of the brewhouse and 
malthouse in Exilond as Trustees for pious uses, chiefly for 
Hele's [i.e. the Blue Maids] Hospital (see Izacke, 176 ; Rept. 
on Char., pp. 77, 85, 86). 

In D. 1779, April 22, 1674, is a feoffment from Richard 
Crossinge and Christofer Clarke, surviving trustees of Hele's 
Charity, to John Butler, Nicholas Izacke and others, of the 
property belonging to Hele's Hospital. 

In D. 1851, Sept. 22, 1789, is a lease from the Mayor &c. of 
a piece of ground adjoining the brewhouse with liberty to 
lay trees in the river for bringing water to the brewhouse &c. 

Exeter and Crediton Navigation. 

In D. 1856, 1857, April 21, 1819, are surrenders from the 
Company of Proprietors of the Exeter and Crediton Navi- 
gation to the Mayor &c. and to the Governors of St. John's 
Hospital. 



294 

Proper Names. 

The Miscellaneous Deeds contain a large number of references 
to place names in Exeter and the suburbs, of which the 
following specimens may prove of service as a guide to local 
topography, as in many cases the original documents supply 
details as to boundaries &c. by means of which the localities 
may be exactly defined and identified. 

(a) Streets, Lanes &c. 
Archelane, D. 957, 1332. 
Le Baly, 869, 975, 1091. 
The Barbican (at East Gate), 769a, 787c ; the Barbigans, 

1592, 1594 ; a piece of land called the Barbycan with- 
out Southgate, 1479, 1589, 1681. 
Barbicane Lane (in St. Paul's parish), 1560, 1634. 
The Bishop's Gate, 1094, 1128. 
The Bocherow, 1361 ; see Smythenstrete. 
The Bolehull, 790, 932 ; i.e. the site of Wynard's Hospital, 

see plan in Izacke. 
Bolemlle stret, Bulhilstrete, Bulhylstrete (in St. Mary 

Major's parish), 900, 1080, 1372, 1369, 1373, 1444, 

1466, 1640. 
Britayne, the street or via regia opposite the wall of 

St. Nicholas Priory, 858, 865, 875, 876, 1059. 
La Broadgate, 836, 870, 1403. 
Busselane, 760, 1208. 
Cakelane, KaMane, 761, 844, 981 ; without Eastgate, 

1190a ; in St. Mary Major's parish, 1349. 
Carfoix, 879, 908, 1186, 1361. 
Carternstrete, Carterystrete, 706, 749, 1136. 
La Comba, 667. 
Combestret, 837a, 961. 
The Cookerewe, 1571, 1729. 
Correstrete, 794, 850a, 860 ; in the Parish of St. Stephen, 

D. 134 ; Oliver, Mon., 303. 
The Cornmarket (in St. Olave's Parish), 1774. 
Covelegh Bridge, 697, 715, 750. 
Cowleybridge Road, 1667. 
Cowykstret, 703, 714, 780. 
CroUedych, 811. 
Culverlond Lane, 1067. 
Doddeheghstrete, 613a, 682a, 904 now Bedford Mews ; 

Oliver, Mon., 334. 
Few Lane, 1276. 
Le Fleshfold, la Fleyscheffolde, near Smithenstreet, 834, 

840, 895 ; see Shambles. For making pentises for the 

fleisfolde adjoining the Guildhall, see Wright, 315, from 

Receivers' Accounts, 1387. 

Frerenstrete, 786 in vico fratrum minorum, 682a. 738. 
Le Fysshefoldegate, 864, 893. 
The Gaol, 1045, 1147; gaolo domini regis, 1193, 1256. 



295 

Garstonyswey (al. Voxlane), 1099 ; Garstoneweye, 7070. 

Gennestrete, 767, 1035, 1155. 

Goldsmithstrete, 1222. 

High Street, 607, 620, 634c. 

Idle Lane, L. 96. 

Langbrokestrete (without Eastgate), 913, 1270 ; Lange- 

brok, 634a, 795. 
The Littel Stile, 1598. 
Lyverdole, Luverdole, Leweredole (without Southgate), 

685, 710a, 774, 1007. 
Maudeleyn Street, 681, 807, 920. 
Northstreet, Northyetstret, 665, 666, 6696, 726, 802. 
Pacystrete, Pastrete (next St. John's Hospital), 685, 717a, 

850c, 888, 1012. 
Pancras Lane, 774a. 
Parrysstrete, 1553. 
Paulestrete, 624, 747. 
Prestonestrete, Prieststreet, Prustestret, Prustonstrete, 

159, 668, 763, 971, 1049, 1174, 1514. 
La Eigweye, or Ruggewaye, 766a, 883a, 990, 1007. 
St. Mary Lane (near Westgate), 719, 1808. 
St. Martin Street, 625. 
St. Nicholas Ditch, 680. 
Serells Lane, 1553. 
The Shambles (with entrance in St. Mary Arches), 1261, 

1440 ; Old Shambells, 1615 ; the Shamells Wright, 319, 

from Receivers' Accts., 1594. 
Shetebrokstrete, Shitbroke Street, 765a, 776a, Seytebroc- 

etrete, Sitabrokstrete, 683, 690 ; Scheotebrokstrete, 

748 ; Schitebrokestrete, 707a, 788. 
Shitebroke, Sytebrok, Schytebrok, 630, 66 la, 765, 785, 

812 ; Shetbroke, 1498 ; Schutebrok, 689. 
Le Smalle lane, 802. 
Smythenstrete (alias le Bocherew), 604, 618, 668, 685, 

1422, 1423 ; at the back of the Shambles, 1770. 
Snayletour, 865, 1166. 
South Street, Southyetstret, 603, 634a, 657, 66 le, 687, 

897, 955. 
Stonylane, 1028. 
Styppecotehyll, 675. 
Tythestrete, Tygherstrete, 806, 1241a. 
Le Vyntery, 1272. 

Waterberestret, 648, 697, 774a, 802. 
Wethypytlane, 1467. 
Wyggamoreslane, 1099. 
The Yarmmarket (or Wool and Yarnmarket, 1683), a 

house in Cookerewe adjoining the house of the Vicars 

Choral, 1571, 1729. 

Houses, Tenements &c. 
Barrowhill (a tenement), 1669. 



296 

Le Barton of Polleslowe, 1720. 

Le Bertynhouse, le Bertynplace, or the Halle House of 

Duryurd, 1378. 
The Bulle (a hospice), 1525. 

La Cage (a house), 634, 760, 782, 798 ; la Coghe, 683. 
The Choristers' House (in South Street), 771, 1080, 1139, 

Misc. Bolls, 63. 

Communes latrinas (A.D. 1467), 1251. 
The Cornishe Choughe (a place), 1590. 
La Crofte, 707a, 951a. 
La Dupeseler, 932. 

Le Egle (in High Street), 1286, 1318, 1401. 
La Five Selers, 1254. 
The George (a tenement), 1436. 
HeghhaUe, 951. 
HeUe, 687, 710. 
Holehere, 733, 753. 
Holmes (a messuage), 1670. 
The Inne at Beare (in South Street), 1466. 
The King's Arms (inn) in High Street, 1804. 
Turlox (a tenement), 1513. 
The White Horse (a tenement), in St. Paul's, 1579, 1583. 

Wells, Springs <kc. 

Cakewylle, 981, 308. 

Crockernswylle, 1034. 

Duryurd well, 1604. 

Felwill, 1119; Fellewill (next Tadyforde), 845, 852; 

Velhwille, 850 ; in parco de Fellwell, 880. 
La Hevedwill, 761, 1028. 
Orwelle, 1092. 
Pacyeswill, 851. 

Le Town Will (ions villce), 1124. 
Wellewylle (without Northgte), 759, 795. 
Ywyll (beyond Eastgate), 1058. 

Closes, Gardens, Hayes, Lands, Parks, <fec. 

Asschelande, 710o. 

Averaislond, Avereyslond (a cultura without the East 

Gate), 776a, 804a, 927a, 928. 
Beldamehey, 748. 
Boghaye, 1010. 

Broadparks (in Exweek), 1656. 
Chaldefeldehay (a park), 947c. 
Chaldewellehay (land and garden), 748. 
Challefelde, Chaldefeld (without Eastgate), 789a, 806a. 
Chambernonsmershe, 1361. 
Clapermersshe, 1241. 
Cockworthy (a close), 1552, 1641. 
Colehay, 1278. 
Colemanneshei, 634a. 



297 

Colleywood (in Exiland), 1690&. 

Collynsmarsh, 1614. 

Cowemarshe (in Duryurd, near Cowley Bridge), 1477, 

1628. 

Crykelepythaye, 860. 
Culverhay (a close), 1467. 
Culverpark (without Eastgate), 1135, 1242. 
Duryard, Duryerde, 680, 707. 
Le Estarcumbe, Starecumbe, Starcombe (a meadow in 

Duryurd), 759, 797, 1242, 1386, 1417. 
Foghaye, 1388 ; or Voggeheyes (a meadow in Duryurd), 

847, 1388. 
Frerynhay (in the parish of All Saints), 1427 ; (next the 

Snayle Tower), 1511, 1518. 
Furzepark, 1433. 
Gooseford (a close), 1450, 1456. 
Garlikparke, 1242. 
Heghys atter Esche, or att Esche in the manor of Heghys, 

1092, 1109. 
Holmismede, 1242. 
La Langacre, 749, 757. 
La Langeland (a cullura, without Eastgate), 676, 766a, 

773a, 779a, 788a, 796a. 
Langeparke and Marsh (in Duryurd), 1388. 
Marepolhed, 1574. 
Maudeleynhaye, 787, 1007. 
Milislond, 776a. 
La More, 776a. 

Morkeshillyshaye (without Eastgate), 769. 
The Mylhay, 1432, 1457. 
North Duryurd Downe, 1390. 
Northynghay, 1068. 
Paradys (a garden), 1084, 1119c, 1127. 
Pastellys Downe, 1475. 
Pitacre (a close), 1213. 
La Rededowne, 683. 
St. Leonard's Down, 1830. 
Le Schortelond (without Eastgate), 776a,6. 
Serlesheye, 683. 

Southynghaie, 678, 784, 843, 963. 
Stouteshills (in Exweek), 1658. 
Tadieford, 686, 697, 796. 

Weare mead (a close next Calabear Wear), 1586. 
Wiggamore, Wigmore, 883a, 1069. 
Withybedd Medowe (in St. Sidwells), 1476, 1574. 
La Woodehaye, 872, 950, 1056, 1175. 
Wylpark (a close in Exwick), 1603, 1677. 
Wysdomshay, 704, 753c. 

Women's Names. 

The Miscellaneous Deeds contain a large number of women's 
names, of which the following are specimens : 



298 

Acelina, Ascelin, 150, 612. 

Agatha, 684, 747. 

Amice, 663, 706, 816. 

Aumeye, Misc. Bolls, 56. 

Aveline, 682. 

Avice, 686. 

Blandeva, 1050. 

Cecilia, 669&. 

Clarice, 712, 759, 836. 

Cristyan, 1495. 

Dewnys, 1450 ; Dionysia, 658, 670, 682e,/, 730. 

Edevia, 66 la. 

Elisoba, 1097, 1152a. 

Emmoba, 728, 1038. 

Felicia, 663, 958. 

Gesiana, 1047. 

Gilda, 625, 789. 

Giliana, 621. 

Gonilcla, 797. 

Hawisia, 729. 

Helewisa, 744, 925. 

Heleynora, 736. 

Lyvena, 618a. 

Mariata, 670, 67 la. 

Martyne, 1435. 

Mawyte, Mawde, 1450, 1451. 

Maysanda, Maisanta, 724, 1071, 1190a. 

Miralda, 908, 912, 997. 

Nicolaa, Nycoll, 915, 1480. 

Parva Rosa, 819a. 

Paschasia, 1406. 

Pauline, 658. 

Philpota, 1593. 

Rawlyn, 1627. 

Ricarda, Richawde, 930, 1387, 1520. 

Sabina, 8066. 

Savra, 726. 

Sibylla, 621. 

Sonotta, 726, 784. 

Thomasia, Thomasyn, 937a, 1474. 

Urith, 1595, 1631. 

Willa, WiUelma, 1033, 1068c, 1327. 

Yllaria, 783. 

Ysolda, 709, 940. 

Trades and Occupations. 

The following trades and occupations are mentioned in the 
Miscellaneous Deeds : 
Barboure, 1207, 1008. 
Barelbearer, 1632, 1731. 
Basketmaker, 1659. 



299 

Bellmaker, 1215. 

Berebruer, 1378. 

Bocher, 941, 1154. 

Brasyer, 1669. 

Bruer, 1483. 

Candeler, 892. 

Capper, 1349, 1452. 

Carpenter, 721. 

Caryer, 1417. 

Clerk, 668. 

Clothworker, 1167. 

Cobbler, 734 ; Soutere, 822. 

Comber, L. 325. 

Copiner, 747. 

Cordwainer, Cordoner, 739, 788, 1264. 

Cotiler, Cutler, 663a, 828, 1432a. 

Deyher, 1085 ; Tinctor, 762, 660. 

Dowere, 793. 

Espycer, 754, 763, 800. 

Felterer, Felter, 668, 1709. 

Feltmaker, 1668. 

Ferour, 911, 938; Verour, 700, 775. 

Fisherman, 1232 ; Vyssher, 762, 831. 

Flaccher, 1480. 

Fourbour, 804a, 857a. 

Glasyer, 1325. 

Glover, 836. 

Goldsmith, 1403. 

Gurdeler, 834. 

Gyngerer, 1216. 

Haberdasher, 1683. 

Hatmaker, 1400. 

Harpour, 623. 

Helyere, 683, 713, 734 ; Coopertor, 640, 732. 

Heyr, 708. 

Hopere, 664, 670, 658. 

Hosier, 743, 1444. 

Husbandman, 1515, 1617. 

Kalende Fratres, 655. 

Ledyntere, 762. 

Marchal, 842, 907. 

Masyhoun, 771, 832. 

Molendinarius, 624. 

Panter, 1046. 

Parcheminer, 910 ; Parcaminator, 752, 789. 

Pavyer, 1515. 

Perour, 722, 741, 756, 

Pistor, 665. 

Plumbur, 692, 705, 1677. 

Potecary, 1270 ; Apothecarius, 768. 

Poynnur, 682. 



300 

Roper, 794. 

Saddler, 1057. 

Saugere, 634, 680. 

Scherer, 753d, 887. 

Sergemaker, 1827. 

Sewer, 791. 

Skinner, 836a, 1120. 

Smith, 1156, 1219. 

Soper, 1106. 

TaUlour, 705. 

Tanour, 632, 719, 787a. 

Taverner, 663, 895. 

Teler, 666. 

Towker, Tooker, Tucker, 1106, 1519, 1685, 1712. 

Tynner, 1347. 

Vychelere, 623; Vytler, 1615. 

Wayte, 743a, 7436. 

Webbe, 806 ; Webster, 1222. 

Seals. 

There is also a valuable collection of seals, of which the 
following may be taken as samples : 
Edward I, 137. 
Edward VI, 1471. 
Protector Somerset, 1460. 
Elizabeth, 1649. 
Commonwealth, 501. 
Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 698. 
The Exchequer (A.D. 1495), 234. 
The Staple of Westminster (A.D. 1437), 1161. 
Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, 226. 
Wareham (do. do.), 1413. 
Battle Abbey, 590. 
Canonsleigh Priory, 718. 
Cowick Priory, 847. 

Exeter. 

Archdeacon of, 1273. 

Bishop Bartholomew (1161-1184), 226. 

Bishop John (1185-1191), 229. 

Bishop Grandison, 233. 

Bishop Oldham, 1353, 1380. 

Bishop Osbern (A.D. 1073), 148. 

Bishop Quivil, 696. 

Bishop William Warelwast, 222. 

Chapter of, 223, 591, 598, 695, 696, 1353, 1397. 

Exeter City, 349, 719, 722, 753, 829, 848, 872, 885, 904, 

929, 961, 1116, 1129, 1189, 1233, 1234, 1237, 1255 

[see Oliver, p. 224]. 
Exebridge, 671, 675, 705, 779. 
Grey Friars, 801, 968. 



301 

Mayoralty, 142, 261, 349, 762, 802, 805, 871, 912. 

Merchant Adventurers, 1687. 

Polslo Priory, 682&. 

St. James' Priory, 771. 

St. John's Hospital, 139, 141. 

St. Nicholas Priory, 161, 179, 206, 217, 221. 

Staple of, 251, 259. 

Vicars Choral, 1782. 

Bonvile, William, 979. 

Shillingford, John, 573, 575, 579. 

Wynard, William, 577, 578. 



( 302 ) 



PART II. 
BOOKS. 



The Act Books of the Chamber. 

These Books contain entries of the meetings of the Council 
and the Orders and Minutes of that body. The descriptive 
headings are in each case taken from Mr. S. Moore's Calendar, 
which however gives little detailed information as to their 
contents. 

Books 3 to 10 are indexed by Richard Izacke. 

No. 1 Act Book of the Chamber from 20 December, 1508, 
to 20 October, 1538. A paper volume in quarto loosely bound 
in a single skin of vellum now a good deal eaten by vermin. 
It contains 194 folios, the last folio and the index being half 
destroyed. On /. 1406 occurs an entry of a meeting of the 
Council on 26 October, 1542. The volume contains a record 
of the meetings and proceedings of the Council of the City 
and appears to have been the Town Clerk's Minute Book. It 
contains these entries down to /. 1526, and is contemporary 
with Book 2. This volume has been marked on the cover, 
" Duplicate of No. 1 (now called No. 2). It is, however, 
not a duplicate : a comparison of the two will be found in the 
next article under the description of No. 2. The following 
are a few samples of its contents : 

/. 176 (Dec. 11, 1510). It is aggreed that the resseyver 
shall paye unto John Clyff Townclarke for his riding 
to London by the commaundement of the xxiiij 205. 
/. 18 (Dec. 18, 1510). That Estgate shalbe taken downe 

and to be newe bildyd again. 

/. 19 (March 8, 1511). That Robert Poke of Thorverton 

shall bild and make Estgate of the Cite to finde all maner 

of stuffe and he to have for his labor 128?. and to bild 

6 votores. 

/. 296 (March 20, 1512). That the Ressever shall sell 

6 acres of Duryurde wode for the bildyng of Estgate. 
ff. 35-40. A list of soldiers equipped by the city, their 
weapons and the contributions of the citizens towards 
their equipment, i.e. in 4 Henry VIII (1512-13), the 
Mayor being John Symons (not Richard as in Oliver, 
231), where John is not Mayor till 1523). The soldiers 
are either Billmen or Bowmen. The weapons include 



303 

swords (25. each), daggers (3d., id., or 6^.), pollax 
(3s. 4d.) and halberds (IQd.). The contributions are 
either in money or in kind, e.g., a pere of bregyders or 
Bregyndelles, a standard, a pere of splynts, a bowe and 
a shefe of arowys, the settyng of a pere of brigadyers, 
a salet, a pere of gussetts, the makyng of 6 cotys, a 
sawder, a shuld, a dagger, a gerdyll &c. The con- 
tributors include a pochemaker, a mason, a scolemayster 
(John Calwodeley, who contributes a pere of allemeyn- 
revetts), a curtholder, a schomaker and a tailor. 

/. 42. A note of the monies (118Z. 14s. 6d.) paid by the 
various parishes of the city with the names of the 
collectors in each case, towards the King's subsidy, 
5 Henry VIII [i.e. Jan. 23 to March 4, 1514. Statutes iii, 
117]. 

/. 676. That the dorre in Estgate goyng into Seynt 
Bartholomewe is chapell shalbe opened this daye, 
whiche dorre John Speke, esquire, willed by his owne 
wille and none other and the dorre to be hongid uppe 
agayn as it was before. 

/. 846 (26 Feb., 1520). Whereas William Cruygge [or 
Crugge Mayor in 1515, 1518] hath gevyn unto the 
Citie as sone as he is departed oute of this transitory 
lif his cloke of scarlet, 2 paier of brygandyns, 2 saletts, 
and 2 bills for which is graunted unto Anne the wife 
of the seid William Gruygge during her wydohode canon 
brede as olde maiers is wonte to have 8 canon lovys 
at Ester and 20d. in money and as moche at Cristmas . 

/. 86 (30 July, 1520). That Mr. Geoffraye Lewys nowe 
beyng Maire shall have the cloke of scarlet lyned with 
sarsenet which late Mr. John Bucknam [Mayor, 1509, 
1516] gave unto the Cite for 40s. 

/. 93 (4 Nov., 1521). That Maister Mair schall have for 
hys pensyoun 40 marks and every Mair to have as moche 
heirafter. 

/. 936 (16 Dec., 1521). That my lady Crugg schal have 
suche brede at Crystmas and Ester as maistress ffroste 
hath [widow of William Frost, Mayor 1498, 1504]. 

/. 95 (2 June, 1522). That Mary Mawdelyn feir schalbe 
kypte every yere heirafter and that the feir to begyne 
at Mary Mawdelyn Chapell and so to continue towardys 
the Southgayte and also this same ffeir to be a free 
ffeir for every mane that comyth to that feir for all 
maner of marchande gooddes cattells quycke or dede 
that they bryng. 

/. 135 (19 Sept., 1532). That William Burgeyn [town 
clerk] shall goo onto the president of the Chapter and 
certifye hym in name of the hole Chapter (sic) that the 
xxiiij be holy agreyd that the payll lately seytt upp 
withyn the closse betwene Seynt Martyn churche and 
the subdeyns housse schalbe drawyn downe agayn 



304 

and requiryng them to cause hit to be so done before 
one of the cloke of this present daye accordinge to 
their appoyntement gave to the Maire and bretheryn 
estday at Seynt Peters. 

/. 152 (20 October, 1538). That William Burgeyn schalle 
ryde to London and cause the new Charter concernyng 
the Citie to be asshured and alowyd within the Exchesser 
and also in the Kyngs huche, also that he be a suter 
to mylord Privy seell and to the counsell for the pur- 
chasse of all the lands and tenements concernyng the 
Prior of Seynt Nycolas lying as well withyn the Citie 
as the parish of Seynt David without Northgaytt 
of the Citie of Exeter and also that the said William 
Burgeyn shall have dayly whyll he ys out to his costs 
2s. 4d. to ffend him and his servant. 

ff. 154 to 157. Entries rekting to the equipment of 
soldiers to be at Hampton on 22 April (5 Henry VIII), 
1513, their harness &c. 

/. 158. A list of sureties for ale sellers and tipplers for 
their good behaviour. 

ff. 159, 160. Fines of non-freemen, 5 Henry VIII [1513- 
14], temp. John Symonds, Mayor. 

/. 161 (Oct 22, 1513). Harnyse delivered to Thomas, 
Provost to make clene &c., including pairs of splynts 
saletts, a Baver, aprons of mayle, pairs of gussetts of 
mayle, standards of mayle, 3 peces of mayle broken, 
13 pairs of brigandyns, 7 shef of arowes, 11 bowes, 
3 bills, a bukler, and 2 pairs of almayn revetts. 

/. 1616, 6 Henry VIII [1514-15]. The confessions of sundry 
persons concerning an attempt to " sawdre and gild an 
olde noble which had no goolde." 

/. 162 (Oct. 1, 1516). Assessment of a subsidy. 

ff. 164-1946. Fines of non-freemen, 4 to 19 Henry VIII. 

Book 2. The Act Book of the Chamber from 25 June, 1509 
to 1 June, 1560 (/. 187). A paper volume in qto. bound in 
leather which is now somewhat decayed. The leaves appear 
to have been misplaced by the binder. /. 16 should be /. 1, 
ff. 1 to 4 should follow /. 24, ff. 5 to 15 are blank. On /. 46 is 
an entry belonging to the 24th year of Henry 8. The first 
28 folios of this volume appear to contain the Acts or Perpetual 
Orders of the Council respecting things permanent. They 
appear to have been copied from Book No. 1 ; the Orders in 
tnat Book which relate merely to things present and tem- 
porary as the dismissal of officers, payments of money to the 
Mayor, orders for payments for receiving the freedom of 
the city, &c., &c., being omitted. Many more meetings of the 
Council are mentioned in No. 1 than in this volume, because 
unless some special important or permanent order was made 
no notice was taken in No. 2 of the meeting : for this reason 
there is often no entry for one or two consecutive years in this 



305 

volume [No. 2], whereas in No. 1 the succession of meetings 
is tolerably regular. No. 1, therefore, may be looked upon 
as the original and the more important Book of the two. 
On page 18 of No. 2, however, occurs an entry of a meeting 
and an Act which is not in No. 1. The same thing occurs 
on /. 186 and also on the same folio is an entry in No. 2 of a 
meeting which is noticed in No. 1, but in No. 2 there occurs an 
order not in No. 1. The entry under 5 October, 9 Henry Sin 
No. 2 is much fuller than in No. 1, but there appear to be some 
leaves missing in the latter volume. From the examination 
of these two volumes it appears that No. 1 contains by far 
the greater number of entries ; that No. 2 has many entries 
of orders copied from No. 1, but that it also has a few entries 
which do not occur in No. 1. Both the Books were no doubt 
kept at the same time and are contemporary with the pro- 
ceedings they record. No. 1 may be looked upon as the 
Minute Book of the Council. No. 2 as the Act Boole. This 
state of affairs however only continues down to the meeting 
of 16 March, 1520, which is the same in both books. After- 
this, [i.e. from /. 29 onwards in Book 2], the entries are distinct 
in each book both as regards the dates and the proceedings 
of the meetings. On the fly leaf at the beginning is an 
inventory of the " ymplementys and ornamentis off Saynt 
Georges Chapell " made on October 10, 1537 [see page 45], 
At the end on ff. 188-192 are accounts of the payment of the 
subsidies of the Xth and XVth by the various parishes of 
the city from 7 Edward VI to 25 Elizabeth. Oliver in his 
Calendar, p. 353, notes that the volume contains no reference 
to the siege of Exeter in 1549. 

The following are samples of the entries in Book 2 : 

/. 28 (16 March, 1520). The Chamber agree that John 
More and Bartholomew Fortescue, Esquires, shall 
build 3 almshouses at the end of Exe Bridge in the 
east partie of the Chapell stondyng upon the seid bridge 
where as the two almyshouses is nowe stondyng for 
whiche buyldyng they shall put in iij. power in the 
seid housis at all tymes duryng there lyves at there 
pleasure with the advice of the Maier and his brethern 
and after the death of the founders the 3 houses to be at 
the gift of the Mayer, Bailliffs and Cominaltie as they 
were in times past. A similar entry appears in Act 
Book I, /. 85. 

/. 30 (4 Sept., 1528). Order that "The recever schall 
pay no more mony for the obytt of Quene Molde * to the 
parsons and curates of the Citie for as moche as they 
have nott keptte the same obytt in tymes past as the 
schuld have done." 

/. 396 (28 Feb., 1537). That ther schalbe geyyn unto 
Richard Pollard scheryff of Devon for his greytt 



* i.e. Maud, foundress of the Trinity Priory in London. See page 4. 
Wt. 20757. Ex 20 



306 

payn taken for the Citie and yn especiall because he 
had getyn a charter ffor William Hundaller a toune 
of Gaysconewyne. 

/. 40 (same date). That there schalle no Bruer send 
owte any ale of there howses withyn xxiiij. cures after 
that hit ys tunnyd upon payment of every Borell 12d. 

/. 42 ( 1 8 November, 1539). That the Mayor and 4 members 
of the Chamber shall go thorought with Mr. Thomas 
Carewe for the fee symplee of the churche of 
Seynt John to the use of the Citie of Exeter for 
40 marks. 

/. 49 (26 May, 1541). That the Maire schall make pro- 
clamation the next market day that all Rawe cloth 
and yerne which hereafter schall come to the citie the 
markett days that is to wite the Wenysdays and the 
ffrydays schall bryng it to the place thereto appoyntyd 
that is to wite at the newe byldyng in the Cokery 
(? Cookrew) over agenst Seynt George is church. 

/. 556 (19 September, 1542). That whereas variance and 
strivis is nowe movyd by the wyfs of certayne of the 
members of the xxiiij. to the unquyetnys as well of 
ther husbands as of the resudue of the seid company 
of the seid xxiiij. that every wif of the members of the 
xxxiiij. shall take such order and folow the order 
and goyng one after other yn all places within the Cetie 
accordyng to the order and awnsientie of there husbands 
and none of them to presume to go before other to 
the contrary of there husbands awncientie uppon 
payne that there (sic) husbonds of them that shall 
make defaute to the contrary for every tyme I2d. 

/. 76 (27 September, 1546). Proclamation at the election 
of the Mayor. 

/. 916 (17 March, 1548). That Mr. John Drake beyng 
Recever of the Cetie is bounde to have a gowne of 
Crymsyn and Grayne before the fest of Cristmas next 
after that he nowe was sworne yn his office and he 
not havyn the seid gowne accordyng to the olde order 
of the Cetie that he shall paye for every tyme and 
day that he hath nott hadd nor wered his gowne 
accordyng to an acte thereof before made 35. 4d. 

/. 92 (17 May, 1548). That the Mayor shaU sett forth 
the ffenyshyng of Cowleyh bridge and get masons and 
other workmen for the same this Somer and that 
Mr. Resever shall ley forth all ye mony that the chardge 
of ye brydge shall come to. 

/. 95 (17 May, 1548). That whereas on Seynt Peter 
nyght accordyng to a olde ordynance theron gevyn yn 
bredd to a comyng dole at the Yldhall dore 205. 2d., 
whereuppon there is yerly by reson of greit presse of 
people greit and ynsewen. Therefor it is thought 
most convenyent that the seid 205. 2d, distribed to the 



307 

poure by the dischression of iiij. persons yely (sic) 
appynted by the Meyr for the tyme beyng. 

/. 121 (20 October, 1553). That for consyderacioun them 
movyng the Chamber have gyven unto the Right 
Honorable Lord Edward Courtenay Erie of Devonshere 
ane annuytie or annuall rent of 41. by the yere for 
terme of hys lyefif [which was refused by the said 
Erie of Devon added in a different hand]. 

/. 136 (11 October, 1554). That flrome hensforth the 
Sworde shalbe borne before the Mayor every markett 
day as it hath byn accostemyd. 

/. 139 (9 March, 1555). That Exbridge shalbe pavyd 
this yer and one of the peers plankyd. 

/. 1456 (21 March, 1556). That the sale of Rawe cloath 
hereafter shalbe kypte in the Northgate Street from 
Watbury Street downewards towards Northgate and 
nott elswere. 

/. 147 [side note] (19 April, 1558). The Erie of Bedford 
bestowed some armes and weapons on the Citty. See 
also /. 162 for the ammunition ye Erie of Bedford 
bestowed on the Citty, April 18 (sic), 1558. 

/. 150 (25 January, 1556). Order for the almshouse of 
Newton Bushell. 

/. 1536 (12 July, 1556). That there shal be buylded 
in the back courte behinde the Guyldhall a house for 
the salf kipinge and emprysonyng of such as shall at 
any tyme be commended to the warde by the Mayor 
for the tyme beinge or otherwise by any other who 
hath lawffull authorite therein. [See Introduction.] 

/. 160 (3 February, 1557). That whereas the Citie walle 
near to Northgate and the seid Gayte of Northgate are 
myche in Ruyng and Decay it is Sully agreed by the 
hole assent of the xxiiij. that the Recevers with alle 
spede convenyent shall as well appoynt convenyent 
workmen for the repair of the seid walls and also to 
make and byld on the seid gate such defensible byldyng 
as shalbe thoght resonable. 

/. 1636 (6 Oct., 1557). John Hurst having left 200 marks 
to the poor of Exeter the Chamber orders that 25. weekly 
shall be given to the poor for the next 40 years. 

/. 1736 (14 November, 1558). Contains a memorandum 
that Queen Mary died on Nov. 17th, 1558, about 5 of 
the clock in the morning on Thursday, and the same daie 
about 9 of the clock at the forenone the La die Elysabeth 
was proclaimed Quene of England. [For the whole 
extract, see Oliver, p. 105.] 

/. 1746 (12 Dec., 1558). That the markett for the pultry, 
eggs, piggs, butter, chese, capons, ducks, hennys and 
other victual! of olde tyme accustomyd to be sold 
at the Greyt Conduit and uppwarde accordyng as it 
hath byn usyd and that all other standyngs as Glovyers, 



308 

Smythes, Tanners and others shall stond above the 
Yldhall upwards from Alhallows churche uppwarde 
alonge the Streyt boyth sides the side of the Streyt. 

/. 175 (28 Dec., 1558). Whereas Rychard Gyfforde and 
John Ho well of this Cittie of Exon cytezens have un- 
decently and after an umcomely (sic) manner behaved 
thymselfes in their parish church of St. John's bowe 
on St. Stephyns day last being the 26th of this moneth 
as namely that they both quareled, broyled and chydd 
in the same church as also the said Rychard Gyfforde 
contrary to all good order and la we gave a blow to the 
foresaide John Howell it is ordered that Gyfforde 
shall pay 105. and Howell 3s. d. 

/. 1826 (26 March, 1560). Forasmuch as Peter Lake one 
one of the members of the xxiiij. hath by unsemely and 
undecent words mysused Richard Prestwode Shereffe 
of this Citie and one of the members of the xxiiij. 
callyng him by the names of a dissembler and knave 
and a beast he is ordered to pay 40s. He is also to 
be imprisoned for 40 days and 40 nights for calling 
the Mayor a knave and other undecent words. 

ff. 192, 193 contain the confession of William Berryman 
made before the Mayor on the 12th February, 1538 
(29 Henry VIII) concerning a disturbance in the 
streets. 

/. 194. Memoranda concerning the lease of the mille 
let to Tokett on 11 January, 1551, who pays 5s. for 
one week. Also that Master Prestewode [M.P. for 
Exeter, Oct. 27, 1549] and Grefyn [i.e. Griffin Ameredith, 
M.P. for Exeter, 1549] rode to London on the 26th and 
22nd of January, 1551 (sic) respectively. See L. 27, 
page 22, footnote. 

ff. 194 6, 195, 196. The names of the keepers of the keys 
of the Common Coffer. 

/. 195&. The ryatt (rate) of Barelberers, i.e. for seleryng 
wyne, oyle or every such lyke Id. per hogshead, 
2d. per but or pype ; for every hoggyshed of wyne 
fett frome one seller to another 3d., with similar rates 
for barrels of ale and other wares of little weight, also 
Id. for hewing a dosyn of wode or for bearing of eny 
fardell boren bytwene two. 

The volume has a fair Index Rerum made by Richard 
Izacke, Chamberlain of the City. 

Book 3. Act Book of the Chamber from 8 June, 1560, to 
26 October, 1581. A paper volume in small folio containing 
471 ff. besides the Index, bound in tooled leather; the clasps 
are lost. The order of the leaves has been disturbed by the 
binder. In the binding is a mutilated slip (containing portions 
of Psalm Ivi) cut from a grail noted, possibly from the Cathedral, 
See Hist. MSS. fieport, Var. Coll iv, 35, 



309 

The earliest entry in point of date is on /. 42 (8 June, 1560), 
from which the entries continue in chronological order to 
/. 469 (24 Nov., 1581). They then go back to /. 9 (24 Nov. 
1580), and are continued to /. 37 (26 Dec., 1580). A great part 
of this volume is in the handwriting of John Vowell alias Hoker. 

ff. 1, 2. Contain some memoranda respecting the racks 
in Frerenhay, also without Westgate under the walls 
and the Millars Show. 

/. 3 (22 Nov., 1570). Payments towards the edifying of 
Calabar Weare. 

/. 5. Account of money received of the goods of the 
late Arnold Renolle of Exon given in white money, 
corante, angells, crownes, 3 doble ducats and 4 crusados 
(=31. 155. Od.), 3 pistoletas (=425.), halfe soveraignes, 
29 olde Rialles (=211. 155. Qd.) and 3 Spanishe Rialles 
(=131. 65. Sd.). 

f. 7 (30 Dec., 1579). A view of all the racks in Frerenhay 
including one racke conteyning ij. doss and one rack of 
one dosson. 

/. 8 (25 Sept., 1781). A note of vestments &c. belonging 
to the Chamber, including 2 cusshings of scarlett or 
silk, a table carpett, one silk cloth of whit and grene 
to cover the seate, a ryche comunyon clothe, a surplus 
and a comunyon Booke with a keye for the Desk, a 
certon organe, pipes and things therein. 

/. 32. Rates for the Barelberers including 2d. for evere 
barell of ale. 

/. 39. A copy of a commission of 5 May, 1585, for the 
enforcing of the Statute of 33 Henry VIII for the 
maintenance of Artillery and debarring of unlawful 
games (see Charter LXI). The Commission is addressed 
to our dere cosen and Chancellor Fraunces Earle of 
Bedford, William Earle of Bathe, John Bishop of 
Exeter, the Lord Edward Seymour, Sir Roger Manwoode, 
knight, Lord Treasurer, Baron of our Exchequer, 
William Peryam, one of the Justices of the Common 
Pleas, Sir William Courtneye, knight, Sir John St. Leger, 
knight, Sir Robert Dennys, knight, and others. 

/. 68 (Nov., ). The Chamber do agree that Richard 

Swete for dyverse consyderacons which moveth them 
shalbe released of the punyshment of the Corte which 
he by order of this sholde susteyn for begeatyng of 
Amy Bates, servant to Richard Prestwode, with childe, 
and for his punyshement he shalbe kept in straight 
pry son in the pytt of the Guildhall from this day 
forwarde untyll the ende of 40 dayes and ther to be fede 
every Wenesday and fryday with breade and water 
onely, except that Mr. Maior do yn the meane tyme 
perceive soo much repentence and amendement in 
hym as whereby he shall thinke good to abbrevyat 
any of the said punyshment. 



310 

/. 129 (30 Nov., 1663). Forasmuch as the infection and 
desease of the pestylens dothe at this present tyme 
as well contynewe and remayne yn the Gtie of London 
as also is entirely yn to other parts of the realme to 
the greate perell and daunger of the Quenes Majesty 
subietts and by bycause by the comon repaire and 
access of dyverse sortes of people to the comon and 
usuall faires in these so contagios and perylloss tymes 
the same sycknes may thereby rather be augmented 
and increased than dymyneshed and so by that means 
both the whole people and places now free and salfe 
from the said desease may be put in daunger to incur 
the perell thereof. Wherefor the Maior of this Citie of 
Excester, the Justices and Alderman of the same, with 
the assent, advise and consent of the Comon Counsel 
of this Citie of Exon do for the foresaide and other 
good consideracions thinke it good and expedyent 
to dysapoynt the faire usually kept in this Citie comonly 
called the S. Nycholas faire for this present tyme and 
therfor the said Maior, Justices and Aldermen do by 
this there present proclamation publysh and notyfy 
that the foresaide faire so usually kept within this Citie 
of Exon at S. Nycholas day for this tyme onely shalbe 
dyfferred and no faire at all for this tyme shalbe kepte. 

/. 469 (4 June, 1581). Note of the Collection (33Z. 7s. 2d.) 
for the first payment of a tenth and fifteenth. 

Book 4. Act Boole of the Chamber from 7 Dec., 1581, to 
6 July, 1588. A paper volume in small folio containing 
291 folios besides the Index, bound in tooled leather. The 
volume consists of two books bound together. The first book 
(ff. 1 194) is a Memorandum Book. The second Book 
contains the Proceedings, Acts and Orders of the Council 
as in No. 3. The order of the leaves has been disturbed by 
the binder. The first entry is on ff. 290-291, upside down, 
the continuation being from ff. 195 to 289. 

/. 2076 shows rates for the Merchants Hall. The goods 
scheduled include broadcloths, kerseys, tavistocks, 
dunsters, bridgwaters, totness, plain mosters, pole- 
davys, hollands, all reckoned by the dozen or the pece, 
wood cardes (Id. the doz.), bags of wool, maundes of 
curps (rushes), packs of iron or hardy ware, cases of 
glass, hatts (by the dozen), pytch, tarre and rasinn 
(by the barrel), cloves, maces, currans, dates, nuttmegs 
(by the hundred), Annis seed, lycoress (the bale), 
pepper, grains, gyngre, prunes (the hundred), paper 
(the reame), hoppes (by the bale), mather (the bale), 
fardels of dowlas and lockrams, dickers of hides, dozens 
of calves and spruse-skynnes, whyte leather (the 
hundred), with fixed charges for stowing of every fardel 
and pyling of every tunne. 



311 

/. 2356. A copy of an order dated Greenwich, 13 June, 
1585, from the Lords of the Council to the Bishop and 
the Mayor desiring them to keep Mr. John Arundel* 
of Gwarnacke, Esquire, who attempted to escape out 
of the kingdom " with a good masse of money founde 
aboute hyme." The document has the imitated 
signatures of F. Bedford and Fra. Walsingham, and 
states that the Lords of the Council " have wylled us 
to give you ryght harty thanke for your paynes and 
care taken theryn and for as much as there Lordships 
are at this present occupied with other affaires ther 
pleasure is that you should cause him to be kept in 
due and safe custody untill you shall heare farther 
from them without suffrynge any others in the meane 
tyme to have accesse or conference with hym and 
likewise to cause the money to be sequestered into the 
custody of such honest and suffycyent persons as you 
shall thynke meete where it may be always upon any 
warnynge forth comynge." 

/. 2366 (14 July, 1585). Copy of a similar order for 
Mr. Arundel's release directed to the Sheryfe of Exeter. 
" After my harty comendacions my L.L. of the Councell 
havyng perused the examynacon of Mr. Arundell of 
Gwarnock (sic) do fynde no cause of any further deten- 
con, other of hym-selfe or of his money and therefore 
have delyvered unto hym his Bonde here as likewyse 
ther pleasure is that you should restore to hym or 
such as he shall appoynt to receyve yt the money that 
was stayed at Excester. And so I Byd you hartely 
from the Court at Grenewyche the xiiijth of July, 1585. 

Your lovyng frynde, Fra. Walsingham." 
Accompanied by a receipt for 3,800Z. to William Martyn, 
Sheryfe of the Cytie of Exeter, July 28th. By me, 
Jo. Arundell of Gwarnacke. 

/. 2446 (29 March, 1586). Copy of the City's receipt for 
the 200Z. left by John Haydon,f late Sheriff and 
Alderman of London, to be lent to young men of 
Exeter. 

/. 2816 (19 April, 1588). It was ordered that in con- 
sideracon of a Pynnas to be sett fourth by the Citie 
called the Gyfte of God for her Majesty's servyce 
the some of Two hundred marks shalbe paid unto 
the owners of the said Pynnas. And where the said 
owners do demaunde vili. xiiis. iiiid. over and above 
the said Two hundred marks They do also agree to 
paie the same or so much thereof unto the said owners 
as the same shalbe thought mete and reasonable. 

"Called" Thomas in Acts, Privy Council XIV, 323, Feb. 10, 1586. 

t John Haydon, mercer, was elected Alderman of Aldgate ward, Sept. 27, 
1582, and died Nov. 24, following, Beaven, Aldermen of the City of London, 
p. \\; but his name does not occur among the sheriffs of London and Middle- 
sex in List of Sheriffs, P.R.O., p. 205. 



312 

And also they agree where a conclusion was made 
with the owners of a Shipp named the Rose of Exeter 
for the setting fourth of the same for her Majesty's 
service under Sir Fraunces Drake for cclli. and now 
the said owners demaund a more some over and above 
the said cclli. It is also agreed that the said cell. 
shalbe paid unto the said owners and the said demaunde 
of a more some shalbe examyned in particulers and 
shalbe reasonablie agreed for with the said owners. 
And it is concluded that the said Shippe and barke 
shall departe from the Porte of Exon pleasing God 
this next mornings Tyde to Plymouth for the said 
servyce. 

/. 2816 (2 May, 1588). Att which daye it was agreed 
by Mr. Maior and the whole house assembled that 
Mr. John Sampford shalbe sent to London with letters 
to the Lordes of the Counsell for a suyte that the 
countrey may be contributorie to the one moytie for 
the charges for the settinge forth of the Shippinge. 
Also with the like letters to the Lord Treasurer. Also 
that Mr. Walker shall delyver unto Mr. Sampford 
in money ffyve poundes. 

Also he hath letters unto Mr. Smyth and Mr. Howell 
for defrayinge of Tenne poundes unto Mr. Sampford 
yf nede do require and to assiste hym in his suyte and 
buisenes. 

Also that Mr. Walker shall paye to the said 
Mr. Sampford iuli. xvis. for two peeces of redd bestowed 
in waste clothes for the Rose. 

4 May, 1588. .... it is further agreed that Mr. Nicholas 
Spycer and William Brailie shall receyve more towards 
the victualinge and charge of the Rose of Exceter the 
some of Thirtie poundes of Mr. Walker. 

And also that Mr. Thomas Spycer and Abraham Combe 
owners of the Gyfte of Exeter, shall receyue more towardes 
the victualinge and charge of the said Barke called the 
Oifte of Mr Thomas Walker the some of Sixtene 
poundes. 

Memorandum that yt was agreed that the maryners 
of the Bartholomewe of Exmouth should enter into 
waige the xxixth daye of Apryll laste and the maryners 
of the Rose and Gifte the xxxth of the said Aprill. And 
also that Mr. Walker shall paye Mr. William Martyn 
for a hundred and ffyve poundes waights of powder 
the some of ffyve poundes nine shillings and ffower 
pence. 

3 June, 1588. . . . Who do agree about making a door 
between the College of Vicars and lands of the City . . . 
And they agree that the xls. allowed to the Maior for 
the Commissioners dynner about the contribucon for 
the Shippes shalbe paid and allowed by Mr. Walker out 



313 

of moneys remayninge in his handes collected for the 
settinge fourth of the said Shippes. 

10 June, 1588. Agreed that Mr. Maior and the Three 
deputie Lieuetenants of this countie and citie or any 
three of them, whereof Mr. Maior to be one, shall make 
and sett do wne a Rate upon all and euerie thinhabitannts 
of the same countie and citie what some and somes of 
money everie of them shalbe charged with, and paye 
towards the settinge fourth of the Two Shipps and 
Pynnace to the Seas for her Majesty's Servyce. And 
that they shall do the same with such spede conveni- 
ently as they maye and take likewise for the collect- 
inge and payement thereof. 

17 June, 1588. It is agreed that there shalbe paid to 
John [? Dier] towardes the payment of the waiges of 
the men of the Bartholomewe xxiiifo'. Also to Mr. Nicholas 
Spycer and William Brayley for the waiges of the men 
in the Rose xvijfo'. xs., and to Mr. Thomas Spycer for the 
waiges of the men of the Pynnes vijli. And further 
it is ordered that Mr. Thomas Spycer and Mr. Swete 
shall have the care and charge to provide for the new 
victualinge of the Two Shippes and pynnes and with 
them they have appointed Richard Dorchester to 
wyne (sic). Also that a letter shalbe sent to the 
lord Admyrall to the entention for new victualinge 
of the Shipps according to his letter, and also to request 
that by his meanes a Warrant may be procured from 
the lordes of the Counsell for the same. Also it is 
agreed that the foresaid severall somes amountinge 
in the whole to xlvijfo'. shalbe laide out by Mr. Walker. 
1 July, 1588. It is ordered that the money of late laid 
out by Richard Dorchester at two severall tymes for 
victualinge of the Shipps at Plymouth shalbe paid 
unto hym. And also that the money due to Medland 
the cutler for certaine swordes shallbe likewise paid 
unto hym. 

And it is further agreed that Mr. Recey ver, Mr. Swete 
and Mr. Walker shalbe Auditors to take the accompt 
of Mr. Sampford (see L. 81, page 29) and others concern- 
ynge the settinge fourth of the shippinge and victualing 
of the same. 

The first portion of the Book (ff. 1-194) is a kind of 
common-place book of occurrences in the City. It is 
chronologically compiled and extends from 12 December, 1559, 
to 28 February, 1576. It contains entries of all kinds, the 
greater part of them in Hoker's handwriting. They are 
partially indexed in Izack's Index Rerum at the end of the 
volume. There are memoranda of persons whipped, im- 
prisoned and banished the City for incontinency and divers 
offences, notes of forfeitures of goods for divers reasons ; 
memoranda of prisoners' examinations and depositions of 



314 

witnesses &c. ; copy of a letter to the Justices of the Peace 
for the County of Devon respecting a confession of felony, 
and a note of a controversy about the repair of a wall. 

/. 176 (3 Feb., 1556). The Confession of Nicholas Roughe, 
brewer, " of the gaynes he hath cleere at every 
brewing " 

I. s. d. 

i.e. at every brewing 6 quarters of olter 
malt amounting to 48 bushels at 13d. 

the bushel 1 16 

Also 8 bushels of barley malt at 2s. the 

bushel 16 

Also 6 bushels of roast malt at 4s. the 

bushel 140 



3 16 

Of this he brews 20 bushels of the best at 

6s. Sd. per bushel 6 13 4 

Also he brews 11 bushels of the middell at 

3s. 4d. per bushel 1 16 8 



Total 8 10 

Whereof he must be alowed for the malt as 

is aforesaid . . . . . . . . . . 3 16 

Also for his wood . 14 



4 10 

And he declares the remainder at 31. over and above 
his small ale and graynes. [It will be seen that the 
above figures do not work out correctly, but the 
important item is the declaration in the last sentence.] 

/. 316 (25 September, 1560). Note of a proclamation 
made to the comons beynge called together by the 
bellman agayne the defacinge of tholde auncient 
monumentes in churches of the nobilitie, as also agayn 
the pullinge downe and sellinge of belles or any ledde 
of any churche &c. 

/. 32 (28 September, 1560). An other proclamacyon was 
made at the Guyldhall as concerning the decreeinge 
of the base and current monye, that is to saye the Id. 
to current for (., the 2d. for l%d., the teston for 4d., 
except all counterfeyts and false testons which are 
known by havyng graven in bothe sydes at the hedd 
in the superscription, one of these iiij signes a lyon, a 
floure delys, a harpe or a rose, for all such testons are 
current but at 2d., at which proclamacion was present 
therle of bedeforde then present, who pers waded the 
people to a quietnes. 

jfjf. 42, 45 (27 October, 1560). Articles of Agreement with 
William Strode for the conductinge of the River of 
Exe. [See page 27.] 



315 

/. 536. Articles to be inquired by every Alderman in 
his ward and circuit. Whereas there be any inhabitant 
within his warde that lyveth suspiciously, any skolding, 
brawling woman or drunkard hi his warde, any stranger 
or suspecte person, and to know how longe he had 
been there, from whence he came and whither he will, 
any vagabonds, upright men, guyler byrdes, myghty 
beggars, bawdes, whores or any myslyving people ; 
how many journeymen every artificer keepeth, and 
whether he or they be in convenant with ther master 
for one whole quarter in one whole yere according 
to the Statute or elles do work by task or tale work ; 
how many apprentyces every artyficer hath and whether 
they be bounde for vij yeres according to the custom, 
whether every journeyman and apprentys do ly 
every night in his master's house, whether they do 
refrayne from onlawful games and do use shetinge 
at tymes fitt and convenyent ; whether they be seemely 
apparelled according to the Statute without any sylk 
great hests, ruffed sherts, and whether they do on 
the holy dayes go to there churches. [? Whether 
such] as be hoxsters be of good name and fame 
or do kepe any bawdery or evil rule, or do use night- 
watching or unlawful games in their houses, do sell by 
lawfull measures mark'd and sealed, have ale or beer 
of sundry price as 1 for a Id. the quart or a nother 
for a ob. the quart, or do sell contrary to thorder of 
the Justices, do use any typlinge, comon eatyng and 
drynkyng or lodging within there houses, shote and 
make fast there dores at 10 of the cloke at night 
in the somer and at 9 in the wynter. Whether any 
huxstere be not admitted by the Justices and bounde 
by recognyssance, do regrate, forstall or engrosse any 
victuals, as namely any poultry or whyte meat, as 
butter, eggs, chese or the lyke, and by that means 
the prices are enhaunsed. Whether any buyer or 
seller do use any false weights or measures ; whether 
the streets and lanes be clensed, voyded of ordure, 
donge, robb or any other fylthe which is or may be 
annoyaunce to the common welthe of this Gtie ; 
whether there be any ruynoss or decayed houses which 
stand dangeross for those that shall passe that way 
or which require to be pulled downe, and whether they 
kepe any jakehouse of offyl or dongehill in fylthe or any 
lyke thing to the annoyaunce of there neighbors or 
any other. 

/. 103. A remembrance of certayn Articles relating to 
the Charter of Orphans for Mr. Thomas Williams and 
Mr. Geffrey Tothill, burgesses for the Citie, at this 
Parliament in January, 1562.* 

* i.e., from January 11, 1563, to January 2, 1567. Seep. 50. 



316 

/. 139 (21 September, 1563). The whole order and processe 
of the covenants &c. had between the City and John 
Trew for and concernyng the River of Exe,* and 
conductyng the same with the rates (/. 141) for passing 
the work. 

/. 143 (12 November, 1565). The forfeiture of certain 
leather by action of the serchers of lether apoynted 
for the same within the Citie of Exeter according to the 
Statute of November, 1 Elizabeth. 

ff. 148 and 1616 (29 December, 1569). Order with the 
Brewers which doo serve the Citty of Exeter and suburbes 
with Ale and Beer. Brewers are to sell their beste doble 
ale at 6s. the barrel or 35. the half barrel, and tapsters 
at Id. the ale quart or \d. the gill ; also second or good 
comon ale to be sold by Brewers at 3s. the barrel, 
with a note that it was to be better than it was wonte 
to be ; the tapsters are to sell it at %&. the ale quart or 
%d. the gill. The Brewers are to sell their " Smallest 
Dronke " at Id. the gallon. 

Book 5. Act Book of the Chamber from 9 November, 
(29 Elizabeth), 1587 (not 1588, as on cover and on /. 278) to 
15 September, (43 Elizabeth), 1601. A paper Book in small 
folio, containing 277 leaves, besides the Index. Bound in 
plain vellum. 

On three fly-leaves at the beginning of the volume there 
occur : 

A Copy of the prayer to be used at the meeting of the 

Council. 

A Copy of a letter dated Exon, the xijth of Marche (s.a., 
probably 1588) from the Chamber to the Mayors of 
Plymouth and Dartmouth undertaking to bear the 4th 
part of the charge of setting forth four ships for Her 
Majesty's service in Devonshire, as required in a letter 
from the Privy Council dated February 5th last past. 
A Memorandum, dated 24 April (30 Elizabeth), 1588 
of sums of money as of Lonte (or Lente) by divers 
persons in Exeter towards furnishing and setting out 
of two ships and a pynnas by virtue of letters from 
the Lordes of the Counsell for the defence of her Majestie 
and the realme. The total amounts to 361Z.-J-18/. in 
a supplementary note (31 July, 1588). There are 
also further untotalled lists dated 13th and 15th June, 
1588, totalled in a modern hand as 19Z. 75. 6d, with a 
final note that " all the somes before specified are paid 
to Mr. Walker." Against several of the names is a 
side-note " paid back " or " back again paid." There 
is another list of loans towards setting out these ships 
on a flyleaf at the end of the volume. [See page 63. J 



* See p. 28. Archceologio, XXV 111, 17; Oliver, 249, 257. 



317 

/. 61 (8 April, 1589). That the Erles of Huntingdon and 
Essex and Sir Ffrancys Knolles ar apoynted to come 
shortely to this Citie, and it is ordered that the dyet 
of the said Erles shalbe at Mr. Mayor's house and their 
Lodginge to be at Mr. Recorder's house at the chardges 
of the Citie, and further also that there shalbe certyn 
persons apoynted to ryde agaynst theym and to receve 
theym ynto the Citie, namely, Mr. Recever, Mr. Hooker 
and Mr. Nicholas Spicer. 

/. 67 (15 August, 1589). That Mr. Recever shalbe allowed 
of vii]li. disbursed of gunnepowder spente at the 
cominge of the erle of Essex, also Twenty Poundes 
paid for the releave of the Souldiers retorned from 
the fleete unto Portingall, also 435. paid by him for 
fees of certaine Bucks geeven by the Erie of Essex, 
also that any of the xxiiij shalbe paid of ther money 
they disbursed to the settynge furthe of the shippynge 
for her Majestie's service agaynste the Spannerds 
shalbe repaid of 65. 8d. of every pounde which they 
paid, and that fyfftye Poundes comyng to the Cittie 
for powder and other charges of the Cittie in the said 
Shippinge shalbe paid unto Mr. William Martyn for 
and towards the debt which the Cittie doth owe him. 

/. 90 (26 January, 1591). Ordered that the parishes of 
St. Laurens shall ringe ther greate bell for a Curffeu 
Bell in the morninge and eveninge, and that they 
towarde the same shall have and receve yerly 105., viz., 
of the said parisheners 25., of the parisheners of 
St. Stephens' 25. Qd., do. of Alhallows in Goldsmyth 
Streate 25. Qd., do. of St. John's Bowe 25., do. 
St. Pancras I2d. The parishe of St. Petroke shall 
ringe one other Bell as aforesaid, and for the same 
shall receve as follows, viz. : Of the parisheners of 
St. Petroke 65. 8d., do. of St. Paule 35. 4d., do. of 
St. Martyn 25. 8d., do. of St. George 35. 4d., being in 
the whole 165. Also an other bell shall be rung at 
St. Mary Steppes at a cost of 205., to be paid by 
parisheners of St. Mary Steps, St. Mary Arches, 
St. Olaves, St. Edmunds and All Hallows [on the 
Walls]. Also an other bell at Trinity, 105. for the 
parishes of Trinity and St. Mary the More, and that 
the Ringers of the said parishes shall have paymente 
accordingly. 

/. 108 (1 May, 1592). That Mr. Maier, Mr. Richard 
Martyn, Mr. John Periam, Mr. Sherife and Mr. Hooker 
shall ryde on Thursday next to Sir Robert Denys,* 
knyghte, now Recorder of this Citie, and shall in ther 
best manner intreat hym to resigne unto the Cittie his 
office of Recordershipp, to thende they may chuse 
suche a one in his place as may be able to execute 

* See p. 55. 



318 

the same place (sic). And that they shall in respect 
these promise him suche consideration during his liefe 
as they shall thinke good, and that they shall carry 
with them as a gifte unto Sir Robert two suger lofes. 

/. 109 (20 May, 1592). Whereas Sir Robert Denys, 
knighte, late recorder of this cittie, hath willingly and 
freely yelded and delivered over unto the Cittie his 
office of Recordership and surrendered the same and 
made his release therof under his scale. The Chamber 
have elected and chosen Edward Drewe, Esquire, 
sergeaunte at La we, to be Recorder of the saide Cittie 
and Countie during his liefe [with a pension of 20 marks. 
Oliver, CaL, p. 280]. 

/. 110 (29 June, 1592). Whereas Mr. Sergente Drewe, 
being of late chosen and sworn Recorder of Exeter, and 
sithens that as yt ys informed the said Mr. Sergent 
Drewe ys chosen and sworn Recorder of London, by 
meanes wherof Mr. Drewe cannot conveniently remaine 
Recorder of this Cittie, they chuse John Hill, esquire, 
to be Recorder of this Cittie. 

/. 114 (2 November, 1592). Whereas the foreparte of the 
Guihall ys ruinous and in decaye and ys to be reedified 
at the charge of the Cittie, 9 members of the Chamber, 
including the Mayor, are appointed to consider in what 
order and fashon the same shalbe edified and also 
what the charge therof will amounte unto. 

/. 1226 (27 March, 1593). That from hensfurthe there 
shall not be licenced by the Maier for the tyme above 
the nomber of two persons of the Company of Butchers 
to sell or kill vitaille in the tyme of Lente, and he (sic) 
to sell the same only to suche as have licens to eate 
fleshe lawfully. [See D. 1665, page 90.] 

/. 123 (19 March, 1583). The rates for the Haven and 
Key of Exeter. Goods landed at the Key of Exon 
either brought in the Cityes Boates from.Topsham or 
from any place within the port below Topsham, such as 
salt, whiteware and canvas, lead, Devonshire Tynne, 
Cornyssb Tynne, small Boats with oysters, ffyshe, 
shilling stones, helliage and coal, cardes of cloth, also 
the rate of the carmen, e.g., for every tonne caryed 
from the Kay to Combestreete and other places 
adjoynante, for every fower punchens of wool cardes, 
Wd. For caryage downe of every rake of wares con 
teyninge a horseloade unto Topsham 4d. ; do, below 
Topsham Qd. ; for every tonne of salte beyng caryed 
from Exeter to Topsham to serve for Newfoundland or 
otherwyse 16d. : boats to pay I2d. the tunne of wares 
for ther passage in the worke. 

/. 1266 (31 May, 1593). That Mr. Herte, the Towneclerk, 
shall have the seller under the foreparte of the Guyld- 
hall, which ys now buyldinge to hym and to his assignes 



319 

for tearme of 87 yeares for the yerely rent of 20s., 
with a proviso that no tenant or occupier of the said 
seller shall keepe any fagotwoode or any dangerose 
thinge whereby the same may be fyred. 

/. 127& (21 June, 1593). That Mrs. HiU, deceased, did 
bequeth unto the poore of the Cittie the sum of ffiftie 
poundes to be paid by Mr. George Gary, her executor 
longe sithens, and the same hitherto hathe not bene 
performed, that therefore the Maier, Mr. Recorder and 
Mr. Prowz shall conferr with Mr. Gary for the more 
spedy recovery of the same, and that they shall make 
and use the beste meanes they may for the recovery 
thereof. On a flyleaf at the end of the volume is a 
note of the will of Alice Hill, widow, of London, 
12 July, 21 Elizabeth : in which she leaves 501. to 
the poor of St. Albans and Exeter. 

/. 128 (12 July, 21 Elizabeth, i.e. 1579). Extract from 
the will of Alice Hill : " Item I will there shalbe geeven 
and distributed to the poore people and moste nedy 
householders within the Towne of St. Albans in the 
Countie of Herts and the Cittie of Exon, where I was 
borne, to either the said Towne of St. Albanes and the 
said Cittie of Exon, the sum of ffiftie Poundes to be 
imploied and bestowed to the releefe of the poore 
people of the said towne and cittie by the discrecion 
of my Executor and of certeine of the beste Cittizens 
and Townesmen of every the said Cittie and Towne. 
Repeated on /. 276&, where she is called vid. Civitatis 
London, dated 12 July, 21 Elizabeth, and the Executors 
are Sir William Cecill, knight, Master of the Rolls, and 
George Gary of Beckington, in the County of Devon, 
esquire. See also f. 1696, 4 October, 37 Elizabeth 
[1595]. 

/. 154 (29 March, 1595). That Mr. Recever [Babbington] 
shall provide a Hoggyshed of good Sack or Canary 
wines and bestowe the same upon the newe Byshopp 
[Gervase Babington] as a gifte from the Cittie. 

/. 216 (12 December, 1598). That Mr. Attwill's picture, 
which coste 205., shall be paid for by Mr. Mayre 
and he to be allowed therof oute of the dett he 
owes the Cittie upon his accompte. [See Oliver, 
p. 219.] 

/. 217& (19 December, 1598). Whereas they agre and 
thinke yt very acceptable to God Almightie and the 
comon welthe of this Cittie and to the prayse of God 
and the reforminge and abolishinge of divers disorders 
in the same, a lerned person shalbe procured with the 
consente of the Byshop to preche every Sabbathe daye 
in the aftemone and to do other Godly exercises in 
St. Peter's Churche and other parishe Churches, and 
that oute of the rewenwes of the said Cittie shalbe 



320 

yerly paid to the said precher by the Recever of this 

Cittie yerly twenty Pounds.* 
/. 2576 (27 September, 1600). That Mr. Serjant Hill, 

our Recorder, shall have given unto hime yerly everye 

yere duringe his life Eight Salmons of the river of Exe, 

which is the like number that is allowed to the Maior 

of the Cittie for the tyme beinge. 
/. 2746 (25 June, 1601). That all the accompts of the 

Cittie shalbe from henssefurthe made and sett fourthe 

in Englische. 
/. 2756 (15 September, 1601). The Chamber have elected 

in the steade of John Hooker, Chamberlyn, decessed, 

William Tickell to be Chamberlyn of the said Cittie. 

[See Introduction.] 

Book 6. Act Book of the Chamber from 15 October, 
43 Elizabeth (1601) to 21 September, 9 James I (1611). 
A Paper Volume in small folio containing 231 folios, besides 
the Index and flyleaves. Bound in plain vellum. 

/. 40 (1 February 1603). Whereas the Bridge called 
Exebridge is in some parte in decaye, namely the 
Wester Peere of the same bridge, that the same peere 
shalbe this sommer in the beginning thereof repered 
and amended, so as the same may be made firme and 
stronge and continewe agaynst the ffiuddes and driftes 
of the greate waters. 

/. 626 (10 April, 1603). Whereas Mr. HoWellf hathe 
advertized this house of a mynte to be obtened in this 
Cittie by suite unto the King's Majestic that in respecte 
they finde not howe the same may be beneficiell unto 
the Chamber and are ignorant what the charge of the 
upteininge therof will amounte unto, That the said 
sute shall not be sett furthe at the charge of the 
Chamber. 

/. 86 (20 June, 1605). That Laurens Seldon's picture 
and his wiefs shalbe made to be sett upp in the Counsell 
Chamber at the costs of the Cittie. [See Oliver, 
p. 218.] 

/. 1066 (12 May, 1606). Whereas one Mr. Stephens was 
late in the tyme of Mr. Richard Prouze his Maioraltye 
[i.e. 1578 or 1589] putt from the place of a Curat or 
Minister of the Mawdlyn, that the said Stephens shalbe 
restored to his former place and thereto contynew 
as a minister or Curat so long as he shall demeane 
himself in good sort and shew himself conformable to 
the lawes and ordinances of the Churche. 
/. 127 (28 January, 1608). Whereas the Key of Topsham 
by meanes of a tempest of late ys ruynated and the 
same muste necessarily be repered againe, so as it may 
be sufficient, That therefore the same Key shalbe 

* Mr. Snape was appointed on June 23 following. Oliver, Cat., p. 282. 
f See L. 8, p. 16. 



321 

repaired as a Committee thall thynke necessary by 
the discrecion of Mr. Recever and two others and the 
charge thereof to be defraid by Mr. Recever. 

/. 131 (16 April, 1608). Where Mr. John Prouz* hath 
beene attendaunte at the parliament house a greate longe 
tyme aboute the Citties busines to his greate labor 
and hinderans, That in regarde therof and for his 
good service therein Mr. Recever shall paye unto the 
said Mr. Prouze the sum of xxfe'. more beside that which 
is alredy paid, which ys xxfo*. more than the allowans 
of iiijs. p. day in respecte he hathe served xiij monethes 
at this parliament. 

/. 185 (18 September, 1609). That ffor as muche as a 
great inconveniens doth dayly falle oute to the comon 
welth of this Cittie and comon state of the same by 
meanes of the greate concourse and repere to this 
Cittie of many Plaiers, Tumlers and people of the 
leeke nature and disposition, who many tymes do 
disorder themselfes and oftentymes doo oute of Season 
and in the nyght tymes make their Showes and plaies 
to the people to the hinderans of good Rule and order 
and to the meantenans of all disorder and losenes to 
the greate displeasure of God Almighte, That in 
consideration thereof and for the avoidinge of the 
said inconvenience any Company of suche persons 
before mentioned shalbe permitted or allowed at any 
tyme hereafter by any person having the place of the 
Maier of this Cittie to make any shewes or plaies within 
this Citty or County betwene the feastes of Thanuncia- 
tion of Our Lady and of St. Michaell, and but to end 
att the Hower of Sixe in the afternone nether betwene the 
feasts of St. Michaell and of Thannunciacion of Our 
Lady, but to ende att the Hower of ffyve in the afternone 
of the same daye for any cause whatsoever. 

/. 196 (23 January, 1610). That in the behalf e of this 
Cittie the Burgesses of the parliament for this Cittie 
shall presente to the Speker of the parliament in token 
of their good will a hogshead of Malaga wynes or a 
hogshead of claret wyne which they thynke beste in 
ther discrecon together with one baked Salmon pye 
and Mr. Recever to paye the charge therof. 

/. 202& (22 May, 1610). That 2 sugar lofes shalbe geeven 
unto Mr. Canon Bodly [see p. 92] and two unto Mr. Can- 
non Leach in token of ther good will for ther paines in the 
Lecture at St. Peter's at the morninge preinge by Mr. 
Ignatius Jurden, the charge to be defraid oute of the reste 
of the collection made for Mr. ffitz Geffry, and they 
agree that a letter shalbe writen to my lord Tresurer and 
one other unto my Lorde of Essex for ther favor towarde 
the bill preferred in the parliament house for the Cittie. 



* He was M.P. for Exeter in the Parliament that sat from March 19, 
1C04 to Feb. 9, 1611. See p. 111. 

Wt. 20767. Ex 21 



322 

/. 227 (8 August, 1611). That Mr. Recover shall geeve 
and bestowe upon Mr. Bodly and Mr. Leche, Canons of 
this Churche, by this house in respecte of ther labor in 
prechings to ether of them ij suger lofes. [There is a 
similar entry in Act Book VII, f. 16, under date 28 July, 
1612.] 

/. 230 (9 September, 1611). Where the laste Comittees 
have auctoritee to compounde with the ffermors of 
Topsham for ther estate in the Crane, Key and Wharf e 
of Topsham yf they myghte, and the said Comittees 
doo nowe answere this house that they offred the said 
ffermors for the said estate and to geeve them for the 
same cccfo'., which Composition is now liked by this 
house and therfor they doo agree that the saide 
Comitties shall finishe with the said ffermors the same 
offer. [See D. 1707, p. 73.] 

Book 7. Act Book of the Chamber from 3 October, 1611, 
to 1 April, 1634. A paper volume in small folio, containing 
436 folios besides the Index. Bound in plain vellum. 

/. 176. That Mr. Recorder and every person of the 
nomber of the xxiiij". of the Comon Councell of this 
Cittie and have borne thoffice of the Maieraltie of this 
Cittie, shall have yerly two salmons of the ffermor 
of the fishing, the same ffermor to be allowed for every 
such salmon 3s. 4d., and the ffermor to deliver no suche 
salmon either at the tymes of the assices or sessions 
to be holden in the said Cittie. [Repealed.] 

/. 20 (22 September, 1612). That every suche as shalbe 
chosen to be of the nomber of the xxiiij 11 . of this Cittie 
shall pay and geeve to this house 1 5s, to be bestowed 
in a peece of plate and the some of xxfo*. to be lente for 
one whole yere. And Mr. Acland did deliver to 
Mr. Recorder the said 155. 

/. 346 (4 February, 1613). That Mr. Recorder and three 
others shall repere from this house unto my Lord Bishopp 
and to informe his Lordshipp that this house will 
willingly enterteine a precher for the lenctures of this 
Cittie for ffyve yeres for the morninge service and the 
afternoone lecture. Yf one man do performe bothe the 
same lectures they will geeve him Threescore and Tenne 
Poundes, and yf one man shall performe the aftnone 
lecture and one other man to performe the fore- 
none lecture then they will geeve and paye for the 
forenone lecture 201., and for the aftnone lecture flfiftie 
pounds yerly by equal partes. 

/. 596 (14 April, 1614). Where Mr. Maier did invite to 
his house at the laste assices in this Cittie holden the 
Justices of the Assices at Dynner the Thursday in 
their retorne from Launceston Assices for the credite 
pf this Cittie to his great charge, that in respecte 



323 

therof the Recever shall paye and deliver unto 
Mr. Maier towards the discharge of the said Dynner the 
some of ffyve Pounds. 

/. 746 (15 November, 1614). Havyng vyewed the 
reckonings and accompts of Mr. William Hurst's lands 
geeven towards the maintenaunce of the poore in his 
almeshouses without the East Gate of the said Citty 
do finde that the Citty ys not to be burdened with 
any payment towards the maintenaunce of the said 
poore people, and because some poore people within 
the same almeshouses do nede more relief than they 
do now receive, therfor it is now ordered that the 
parish of St. Davyds, towards the maintenaunce of 
the said poore which do want relief e, shall pay weekly 
xiijdf., and yf any thinge do then want the residue 
of the said maintenaunce shalbe supplyde by other 
several parishes of the said Cytty and County. 

/. 756 (26 November, 1614). At which day there was 
delivered into this house a certein acquitans for the 
receyte of 133Z. 6s. 8d. for the free gefte of this Cittie 
unto the King's Majestic as followeth : viz., copy of a 
recept dated Nov. 17, 1614, by the hands of Richard 
Martyn and Nicholas Ducke, Esquires. [See L. 163, 
page 85.] 

ff. 806, 81 (2 March, 1615). The Mayor and Council order 
that no person shall sell in the oapen streate or any 
oapen shoppe or at his stall uppon any Saboth day 
any fflische, salt ffishe, fruits, roots or herbes whatso- 
ever under penalty of 12d. for the first offence, rising 
to 2s. and forfeiture of the stuff for the benefit of the 
poor. That no barber shall pole, barbe or trim any 
person upon the Saboth day betwist the hower of 
one of the clock in the morning and one of the clock in 
the night of the same day under penalty of 35. 4d. for 
each person so poled, barbed and trymmed. Also 
(/. 826) any merchant, mercer, grocer, draper, retayler 
or haberdassher not to open any shop windows or sell 
any wares or merchandize except it be for murning or 
for shrouds on pain of forfeit of the goods. Also 
(/. 82) any vintner admitting any inhabitant to eat 
or drink in his house for money or selling any wine 
between 8 and 11 in the forenoon or between 2 and 5 
in the afternoon. Also (/. 826) any glover, shoomaker, 
or cutler shall not work in his shop to sell swords, 
dagers, gloves and shoes between 1 a.m. and 1 a.m. 
following. 

/. 1706 (17 September, 1619). Receyved from Sir John 
Acland, knyght, by the handes of Henry Shepcott, one 
wrytynge conteynynge a grant of an anuytye of 
iiijfa*. xs. ysuenge out of certayne landes in Byckeley in 
the countye of Devon graunted to 12 of the Comon 



324 

Counsel of the Cytie of Exon and ther heires for ever, 
which wrytynge is also put into Sir John Acland's 
chest amongst his other wrytynges. [See Introduc- 
tion.] 

/. 4116 (16 October, 1632). Whereas one John Quick 
is now in his Majestie's prison within this Cittie for 
suspicon of Treason, it is this day agreede that there 
shalbe a commission forthwithe sued out for the 
triall of the said Quick, the said commission to be 
directed to the Maire, Recorder, Aldermen and unto 
Ellize Hill, esquire, and William Bastard, esquire. 

/. 4356 (1 April, 1634). A note of the parishioners names 
of the parish of Marley, and what rate they pay for their 
tythes for this yere begyninge the xj of January, 1633. 
26 names, with total payment=3H. 2s. 2d. 

Book 8. Act Book of the Chamber from 10 April, 1634, to 
6 October, 1647. It has also (/. 213) two entries of 7-13 July, 
1663. A paper volume in small folio, containing 214 folios 
besides the Index. 

/. 53 (7 February, 1636). This day Mr. Receiver and 
three others bee appoynted and intreated to vewe the 
place near the Key where Mr. John Colleton is desirous 
to make a paire of staires into for which licence 
is granted on 21 February, 1636 (/. 536). 
/. 89 (2 July, 1639). Agreed that Mr. Receiver shall 
repayre and amende the little bridge in the highway 
lying over Duryurd Mille near Cowley Bridge, and 
that the Justices of the Countie of Devon be acquainted 
att the next sessions of the necessitie of the repairing 
of that parte of Cowley Bridge that the Countie is to 
repaire. 

The latter portion of this volume (Act Book VIII) covers 
the period of the Civil War, and many extracts of the highest 
interest have been made from it and from Books ix and x in 
Cotton, Gleanings, pp. 73-184. These include : 

/. 1376 (31 July, 1642). The Chamber send petitions 
both to the King and the Parliament supplicating for 
a happie accommodacion. 
/. 138 (4 August, 1642). The expected arrival of the 

Earl of Bath. 

/. 140 (8 September, 1642). The Chamber agree to engage 
an ingeneer for the better defence of the City at a 
yearly salary of 30Z. and expenses. 

/. 1446 (10 January, 1643). They agree to pay 100Z. to 
the Earl of Stamford, now lord general! appointed 
by the parliament. 
/. 147 (18 June, 1643). Also to borrow 2,OOOZ. after the 

defeat at Stratton. 

/. 1566 (14 March, 1644)." Decide to displace disloyal 
members of the Chamber after receipt of a letter from 
the King. 



325 

/. 1576 (2 May, 1644). Decide to present 200?. to the 

Queen "nowe in this Cittie." 
/. 158 (30 July, 1644). To sell the City plate, which it 

"is conceived wilbe hereafter of little use." 
/. 1586 (31 July, 1644). To present 500Z. to the King, 
who " is this day to make his accesse to this Cittie 
and 100Z. more to the Prince his Highness, who comes 
with him. [Printed also in Oliver, Hist., p. 116.] 
/. 159 (30 July, 1644). Gifts to the King to pay for 3,000 

pairs of shoes provided for his army in Bristol. 
/. 165 (20 May, 1645). Vote 10Z. to pay for the dinner 
to the Lord Caple, the Lord Culpeper, Master of the 
Rolls, Sir Edward Hyde, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
and divers other persons of honor then hi this Cittie. 
/. 166 (14 June, 1645). Pigs to be removed without the 
walls because the sickness or the plague is nowe 
raigning in manie partes and such infectious diseases 
are much occasioned by nastie and beastlie smelles. 
/. 1676 (30 August, 1645). That 100Z. shalbe presented 
to Prince Charles his highnes, who came to this Cittie 
the last night. The money to be taken from the 
Orphans money. 

/. 1696 (18 October, 1645). That 100Z. be presented to 
Sir John Berkeley, kt., the present Governor of this 
Cittie. 

/. 175 (31 March, 1646). As to a letter from the Governor 
" concerning the summons this day sent for the 
rendering of this Cittie," and naming representatives 
" in case a treatie shalbe concluded uppon." 
/. 1756 (12 May, 1646). Revokes the last Election of 
Sir Peter Ball as Recorder and puts Edmund Prideaux 
in his place. 

/. 176 (16 June, 1646). Presentation of an order of the 

Parliament, dated June 8, 1646, reinstating Richard 

Saunders and other displaced Aldermen and members 

of the Common Councell and Chamber. 

/. 1776 (16 June, 1646). Dismissal of Mr. John Colleton, 

Receiver General of this Cittie. 

ff. 178-180. Other dismissals, including Sir Hugh 
Crooker, the Mayor (Sept. 1, 1646), an order having been 
previously made (i.e. June 23, 1646, /. 178), and 
Mr. Thomas ffuller from the Bodley lectureship (June 17, 
1646). 
/. 1796 (20 August, 1646). Regarding the lodging for the 

judges at the Assizes shortlie to be helde in this Cittie. 
/. 191 (14 January, 1647). Invitation to Mr. Hurste, 
minister of God's Word at Plymouth, " That this Cittie 
may have the benefitt of his ministrie uppon fitting 
consideracoun." 

/. 1936 (18 February, 1647). To use the Colledge hall of 
the Vicarrs Corall of the Cathedrall Church, bein 



326 

adjoyning to the yarne markett as a comon wooll hall. 
/. 196 (25 March, 1647). The valuation of the boats. 
/. 1966 (6 April, 1647). Appointing April 13th next as a 

day of thanksgiving for the last rendering of this Cittie. 
/. 1976 (13 April, 1647). Grants 10Z. to Mr. John Bond, 

minister of God's Worde for his greate paynes this 

day. 
/. 198 (15 April, 1647). Orders removal of the poor out of 

Bedford House. 
/. 2116 (6 October, 1647). To petition Parliament to 

allow a rate not exceeding 2s. in the on several houses 

towards the maintenance of the ministers here. 

Book 9. Act Book of the Chamber from 6 October, 1647, 
to 25 February, 1652. A paper volume containing 104 folios 
besides the Index. It contains the Acts of the Council, and 
at ff. 92-104 the proceedings of the Committee for the sale of 
Estates (5 March, 1654, to 23 October, 1660). It requires 
rebinding. Many interesting extracts from this volume 
will be found in Cotton, Gleanings, pp. 122-147. 

/. 26 (23 November, 1648). Order that the inscription 
in the wall of the new churchyardf purporting the 
consecration thereof to be defaced. 

/. 27 (30 November, 1648). 10s. paid to Josias the Keeper 
of the Great Clock at the Great Church, for cleansing 
the gutters by the walks in the Great Churchyard. 
/. 69 (21 January, 1651). That whereas in the years 1642 
and 1643, when this City was held for the Parliament 
against the King's army, and all other ways of raising 
money to pay and fee the soldiers and make good 
the fortification and defence of the city failed, this 
Chamber was necessitated as the last and only remedy 
to propose the giving of the common seal for the repay- 
ment of such monies as should be lent thereon, and for 
such provisions as should be furnished for maintenance 
of the garrison, and where also this Chamber oweth 
several sums of money unto orphans and to several 
accounts of Trustees for the poor for which also their 
Common Seal is given, all which this Corporation 
stands engaged to pay, and for some of which first 
mentioned debts there are judgments obtained and 
extents already executed upon the Lands of this 
Corporation, the Chamber order that one half of all the 
money * * * And whereas the monies so taken up and 
employed in the public service in the said siege of the 
City may hereafter by the favour and justice of the 
Parliament upon a right representation thereof made 
be acknowledged a public debt and repaid, which is 

t i.e., the Churchyard near All Hallows on the Walls, consecrated on 
St. Bartholomew Day, August 24, 1637 For sermon preached by Bishop 
Hall on the occasion, see G. Lewis, Life of Jos. Hall, p. 308. 



327 

really intended effectually to be endeavoured with 
all convenient speed, that what shall be so recovered 
shall be to and for the only use and benefit of this 
Corporation until the said debts so discharged be 
repaid. 

/. 74 (18 March, 1651). This day a committee was 
appointed by the Chamber to prepare certain heads 
of the late grievances this Corporation and City have 
suffered in relation to the late troubles whereby a 
petition may be drawn up and presented to the States 
for some redress therein, and Mr. Town Clarke is 
desired to yield his best assistance thereunto, and 
any three of the aforesaid committee to take the 
assistance likewise of such persons of this Corporation as 
they shall think fit for the better effecting of this 
Business. 

/. 85 (16 December, 1651). That a Committee of the 
Chamber meet every Monday in the Council Chamber 
at two of the clock in the afternoon to sett and fill 
up estates in the City's lands not exceeding four lives or 
[blank] years for the raising of monies for payment of the 
Chamber's debts to the poor and otherwise, and it 
was further ordered that if any member of the 
Committee shall take or renew any estate that he shall 
not have any vote therein nor be present at the debate 
thereof in any other manner than those that are not 
of the Chamber. 

/. 856 (23 December, 1651). Mr. James Pearse, Sheriff, 
was intreated to disburse the sum of 100?. towards 
the present satisfying of the soldiers pay upon the 
Chamber's engagement to pay him the same sum again 
at the end of 14 days next ; also that 661. 13s. 4d. be 
delivered to Mr. Maior out of the monies lying in the 
chest lately made out of the Citties lands to be by him 
disposed of and given to the poor of this citye that are 
in greatest want in these miserable times. 

Book 10. Act Book of the Chamber from 9 March, 1652, 
to 30 June, 1663. A paper volume in small folio, containing 
180 folios, besides the Index. It is bound in plain vellum. 
Extracts from it will be found in Cotton, Gleanings, pp. 146- 
184. 

/. 1 (9 March, 1652). That there shalbe 500 timber trees 
felled and cutt down in Duryurd wood, and that the 
monies raised and made of the same shalbe employed 
for the settling the accounts belonging to the poore, 
and that whereas 91. was found to be in arrears in 
Mr. Atwell's account due out of a tenement in 
St. Thomas' parish, which in the late troubles was 
demolished and burnt a deduction of 40s. is allowed 
to the tenants in consideration of the injury sustained. 



328 

/. 8 (22 June, 1652). That the moiety of such sums of 
money or satisfaction in any other way as the Parliament 
shall be pleased to assign to the Chamber shall be for 
the benefit of the poor of this place bona fide without 
any sinister end or intention. 

/. 286 (4 August, 1653). The same day these severall 
certificates were sealed with the Common Seal. Then 
follow the names of 19 persons for various amounts 
advanced aboute the reducinge of Ireland. 

/. 29 (13 August, 1653). Further long lists about monies 

adventured for Irish lands or monies advanced about 

the reducing of Ireland. Also on Aug. 16, 23, 31 ; 

Sept. 6, 12 ; October 13, 18 ; Nov. 1, 1653 ; March 14, 

1654. 

/. 39 (3 December, 1653). Ordered that the following 
writing purporting the claime of monies &c. shalbe 
sealed with the Common Scale, viz., Wee the Maior, 
Bayliffes and Comynaltie of the Cittie of Exeter doe 
hereby clayme as a debt owing and due to us from the 
Common Wealth the some of 14,020Z. 2s. \%d., being 
lent by us uppon the publicke faith which was recieved 
and issued out by the order and appointment of the 
Deputye Liewtenants of the said Cittie att the several 
dayes and times mentioned in the account hereunto 
annexed and by them who were also impowered there- 
unto by severall orders and ordinances of parliament. 
[No account accompanies this.] 

/. 496 (27 June, 1654). The same day a certificate of 
monies received by Mr. Walter White for Irish sub- 
scriptions was sealed with the Common Seal as 
f olloweth : Guildhall, London, April 25, 1646. This 
may certifie whom it may concerne that the Treasurer 
appointed for the Irish subscriptions received of Walter 
White of the Cittie of Exon, Esquire, by the hands of 
several persons before the 29th of April, 1643 (sic), 
for several subscriptions subscribed by several persons 
in the Cittie of Exon, the somme of 15,728Z. 10s. Od. as 
by the particular receipts in the hands of the said 
Walter White more plainely appeareth. Signed, John 
Warner, Thomas Andrewes. 

/. 50 (4 July, 1654). Mr. Henry Prigge is intreated by 
this house to write to a freind of his in London to gett 
downe an able and fitt person for a chimney sweeper to 
continue here ; and it is agreed that a pension of 31. 
p. annum shalbe paid unto him quarterly for his honest 
and carefull service within this Citty. 

/. 65 (28 November, 1654). The Mayor and 4 others are 
chosen and appointed a committee by this house to 
consider of some fitt person to undertake the keeping 
in worke and educating of 10 poore maides in the 
foreroome belonging to the newe Workhouse in 



329 

St. Peter's Churchyarde, which is conceived to be 
usefull for that purpose, and the roome to be with all 
convenient speed fitted and prepared for that use. 

/. 56 (19 December, 1654). Johan Hernaman appointed 
Schoolemastris of the newe schoole and workhouse to 
be fitted and ordained in parte of the late Tresurer's 
house in Peter's Churchyard [see page 81], to the keep- 
ing to worke and educating of poore girles therein, and 
it is agreed that tenn poore maides shall for the present 
be received in and the house to be fitted and prepared 
for that purpose. She is to be paid 201. p.a. for herself 
and a servant under her, the monies to bee disburst 
out of Mr. Attwill's money. 

/. 59 (5 March, 1655). To cause the two pitts of water 
without Southgate neere the drawbridge to bee forth- 
with filled upp with earth to prevent the future danger 
to people cumming in that way. 

/. 62. To pay the somme of 170?. out of Mr. Atwill's 
money to pay for such as hath been laid out about 
the newe hospitall building. 

/. 70 (15 January, 1656). Agreed to purchase from 
Mr. Embury the cloisters and such wast groundes and 
other appurtenances as is incident thereunto adjoining 
to Peter's Church for the most reasonable value it may 
bee had, 1,600?. being borrowed for the purpose at 
5 % interest, with the names of the subscribers 

(/ 716). 

/. 71 (11 March, 1656). The Mayor and 4 others are 
appointed to treate and conclude with Mr. Valentyne 
Greatrakes about the letting or selling of the Chamber's 
lands in Ireland. On the same day (/. 726) the con- 
veyance and purchase deeds of inheritance for the sale 
of the Chamber's lands in Ireland to Sir Ames Ameredeth, 
baronett, Colonell Hierom Sankey of Clonmell in 
Ireland and Valentyne Greatrakes of Cornworthy, 
co. Devon, Esquire, were sealed with the Common 
Seal of the Corporation. The lands are described as 
lying in the Barony of Middlethirds in the county of 
Tipperary in the province of Munster. They consist 
of 4,185 acres 29 poles of meadowe, arable land and 
profitable pasture, English measure, which being 
deducted into Irish measure is 2,583 acres 2 roods and 
32 poles with all the woods &c., for the consideration 
of 1,500?. [A footnote by Dr. Oliver in his Calendar 
states that the Irish property was purchased by the 
Chamber on March 24, 1655, for 15,728?. 105. 
and sold on March 19, 1656, for 3,360?., referring to 
p. 336, but I have not traced this entry.] 

/. 72 (25 March, 1656). Whereas there lately fell to the 
ground an olde Almeshouse appointed for the harboring 
of Two poore people which stoode neere the Key gate, 



330 

which happened by the fall of some parte of the Towne 
Walle and the Chamber thinking that place not soe 
fitt for an Almeshouse did lease away that plott of 
ground to Walter Stronge, hellier, and in Leive thereof 
have erected in Trinity parish just within the Mawdlyn 
Gate an Almeshouse for Lodging of fower people, 
which is double the number the old house was to 
harbour. And wee do order the pay which the Warden 
of the poore was accustomed to pay weeklie and yerelie 
unto the two poor people which lived in the house 
whilst it stood by the Key gate shall be for ever weekly 
. accordingly paid unto two of the most poorest of the 
fower that shall from time to time happen to bee placed 
by the Chamber and shall live in those 4 newe erected 
houses aforesaid nowe standing within the said 
Mawdlyn gate, the which what it is the Rental and 
Booke which is yerely made and delivered by the 
Towne Clarke unto the said Warden of the poore will 
shewe and direct. 

/. 78 (14 October, 1656). This day Mr. Maior brought 
into the Chamber the counterparte of the deeds for sale 
of Irish lands made by this Corporation to Sir Ames 
Ameredith, Colonell Sankey and others sealed and 
delivered by the said Colonell Sankey, the others having 
formerly sealed and delivered it, togeather with fower 
severall bonds for payment of the monies for the same 
with the interest thereof, which were putt into the 
boxes. Also a Receipt of Mr. Embrey's for 2,230Z. 
for the purchase of the Cloysters ; the priviledges of 
Peter's Churchyard and Archdeacon Cotton's house 
was likewise brought into the Chamber by Mr. Maior 
and putt into the boxe. [See Introduction.] 

/. 796 (28 November, 1656). The same day Mr. Gandy 
and Mr. Slade are desired by this house to be assisting 
to Mr. Receiver in the disposing and sale of the organs 
lying in the cloysters and to see the brasse halfe crownes 
seized on in Mr. Snowe's year of Mayoralty [i.e. Simon 
Snow, Mayor, 1653] to be melted. 

/. 80 (2 December, 1656). Uppon reading of a letter lately 
received from Mr. Towne Clarke, nowe in London, 
touching the uniting of severall parish churches within 
this City to the late Cathedral church of Peters to be 
called Peters the East, and for an addition thereunto 
to be made, viz., that his highnes the Lord Protector 
may have the presentation thereof, It is this day fully 
agreed and resolved on by this house that the agree- 
ment first drawne upp and approved of by the Chamber 
and Mr. Stukeley shall stand without any alteracon 
or other addicon whatsoever. And soe to bee againe 
recommended to Mr. Towne Clarke for the passing 
thereof in Parliament if it may bee. 



331 

/. 896 (11 August, 1657). Ordered and (sic) the respective 
Churwardens of the respective Churches of Trinitie, 
Mary Stepps, Alhallows on the Walls, Johns Bow, 
Kirrians, Pancras, Georges, Pauls, Alhallows in 
Goldsmith Streete, Laurence, Stephens and Martin and 
every of them be commaunded that within f ower dayes 
after notice of this order to them to bee given they 
bring in to the Right Worshipfull the Maior of this 
Cittie a true particular in wrifcinge of all the Bells, 
goods, utensills and implements whatsoever to the 
said respective churches belonging and appertayning. 
And alsoe to give upp unto the said Maior the pos- 
sessions of the said respective churches by the delivery 
of the generall keyes of all the dores of the same to 
end order may bee farther had and taken in the premisses 
according to and in performance of an Act of this 
present Parliament, intituled an Act for the promoting 
and more frequent preaching of the Gospell and main- 
tenance of ministers in the Cittie of Exeter and uniting 
of parishes and parish churches within the said Cittie 
of Exeter,* whereof the said respective Churchwardens 
may not faill att their perills, which order Mr. Towne 
Clarke is appointed to signe with his owne name in 
the name and by the order of the Common Councell, 
which was done accordingly And the parties therein 
concerned to be served therewith ; followed by the order 
for partitioning the Cathedral with a brick wall on the 
east part of the cross aisle. [Printed in Oliver, Hist., 
119; Cotton, Gleanings, 172.] 

/. 946 (30 October, 1657). Whereas the markett commonly 
called the Searge Markett, held and kept weekely within 
this Citty hath heretofore byn severall tymes to severall 
places within the said Cittie for the better accomodacion 
thereof removed And whereas the place where the same 
is kept in Southgatestrete [see L. 409, p. 50] is found 
both in regard to the people there useing and frequenting 
the said Markett as alsoe in the stopping upp of the 
passage of the said streete in respect the same Markett 
place is overt and open to the Raine and Stormes, and 
for sundrye other reasons to be inconvenient, for remedye 
whereof and for that a convenient place is lately pre- 
pared by great labor and expenses for the better 
accomodacion of the said Markett to be held and kept 
in the newe buildings yard and plott of ground neere 
adjoyning to the late cathedral church there heretofore 
known by the name of the Cloysters, where all fitt 
accomodacion, as well for sale of the said serges and 
perpetuanaes, as also for the safe preserving and 
keeping of such of the said Merchandizes as shall not 
at the said Markett for the present be disposed of. 

* See D. 770, Sep. 17, 1656; Fouman, 207. 



332 

It is ordered that the said serge markett shall be 
removed from Southgate Street into the said yarde and 
newe buildings from the 6th day of November next, 
and that the Markett for the sale of ffish nowe kept in 
the High Streete bee removed thence into the said 
Southgate Streete. [See Cotton, Gleanings, p. 175.] 
/. 138 (28 August, 1660). It was this day ordered that 
a bond should bee given to Mr. Simon Snowe by the 
Chamber under their Common Scale for 609J. Is. 3d., 
payable on demand for soe much hee disburst for a 
present in plate to his Majestic by order of this Chamber. 
And Mr. Snowe is desired by this house to treate with 
the dean of the Cathedrall Church concerning the 
late order made about St. Peter's Church &c. 

/. 1386 (28 August, 1660). 25?. of Sir Thomas White's 
money is agreed to be lent to John Rowse of 
this Cittie, woollen draper, for term years uppon the 
security of Mr. Nicholas Brendy and Mr. William 
Penny. 

/. 142 (17 November, 1660). The same day it was further 
ordered that where the serge markett shalbe removed 
from the late Cloyster of the Cathedral Church of 
St. Peter, where for some tyme past it hath byn usually 
kept, that the same bee removed into St. John's 
Hospitall within the East gate of this Citty, in which 
place Mr. Receiver Pym is desired to provide boards 
to make upstandings for the said market in convenyent 
tyme. This order was repealed on Dec. 11, 1660 
(/. 1426), on which day it was agreed that the market 
be kept in South street from Friday next the fourteenth, 
on the petition of the inhabitants of South Street, 
who desired the retourne of the said searge markett 
into that streete. It is further ordered that those 
stalls and standings which now are in the said Cloysters 
bee removed thence and ymployed to and for the use 
of the said markett to bee erected in the middle of the 
said Southgatestrete from the conduitt there upwards, 
and the benefitt and advantage thereof solely to accrue 
unto the maydes hospital for their better mainteynce 
and livelihood. 

/. 144 (19 February, 1661). Ordered that the benefitt of 
251. of Sir Thomas White's money formerly intended 
and lent out for Walter Kerslake, bee divided betweene 
him and Thomas Nash, who is to stand principall in 
the bond and to have 41. thereof for his parte. 

/. 1446 (19 February, 1661). That the summe of 50/. of 
lawful money bee conferred on Mr. Samuel Izacke, 
Town clarke of this Cittie, in lie we of his severall yeres 
pencon behinde and unpaid. 

/. 1446 (26 February, 1661). Mr. Snowe and four others 
are appointed and desired to treate with the Dean 



333 

and Cannons about the affairs of the Hospitall, Chambre 
and Cittie. Also (/. 1466) on May 7, 1661, totreate and 
.conclude with them for those lands that the Cittie hath 
purchased. Also that 20s. be paid to Class for keeping 
the seats in St. Peter's Church. 

/. 1496 (20 August, 1661). Whereas the Commissioners 
for raysinge mony out of Mr. Ellis Hele's Lands by 
appointment of Sir John Maynard, Baronett, and 
Mr. Ellis Sterte have raised the summe of 500?. for the 
stockinge and maintayning of a workehouse for and in 
the Cittie of Exon to bee ordered by the Major and 
Aldermen of the said Cittie, and are ready to paye in 
the same as security shalbee given them for their 
indempnity and for the discharge of the said truste 
it is ordered that the said 500Z. bee paid in to the 
Receiver. 

/. 1526 (22 October, 1661). Mr. Alderman Snowe or 
Mr. Deeble are desired by this Chamber to bringe in 
the lowest price and value of an house in Alhalows in 
Goldsmythstreet, who intend to purchase ye same for 
a Bridewell or house of Correction, being the very use the 
said house was designed unto formerly, 539Z. 10s. being 
paid for it on Dec. 17, 1661 (/. 1546). It is caUed a 
Bridewell or working-house for the keeping of the 
poore att worke in /. 153 (6 November, 1661), where 
it is proposed to purchase one out of money of the 
gifte of Mr. Laurence Atwill, and if it shalbe found 
not warrantable by Mr. Atwill's will that the monie 
shalbe made good againe by the lands of this Cittie. 

Boole 11. Act Book of the Chamber from 7 July, 1663, to 
4 March, 1684. A paper volume in small folio containing 
244 folios. It contains the Acts of the Council only and has 
no Index. 

/. 3 (1 September, 1663). Whereas heretofore an agree- 
ment was made betweene Doctor Peterson, late deane 
of the Cathedra 11 Church, and the Chapter of the said 
Church, with divers members of this house touching 
the yelding upp of such right as this Cittie had unto 
or of their possessions and the payment of certaine 
monies &c. from the said deane and Chapter, which 
hath byn performed on the Cittie's parte, but not on 
the deane and Chapters parte. Mr. Alderman Gandie 
and 2 others are desired by this house to repaire on 
Saturday next to the Chapter House to treate with the 
said Chapter touching the premises. On Sept. 8th, 1663 
(/. 36) they report that they had a friendlie treatie 
with them about the particulars given therein, but 
those of the Chapter then present being not a complete 
number, and expecting the Bishop here verie shortlie, 
desired respite given untill his return. Whereuppon it is 



334 

further this day ordered that if answeare satisfactorie 
be not given by the said Chapter within two weeks 
that the Committee wait again upon the Chapter to 
knowe their positive answeare therein. 

/. 13 (25 April, 1664). This day it is fullie agreede and 
resolved that a peticon shalbe forthwith presented 
to his Ma tle representing the manie wrongs offered 
to this Cittie by the Deane and Chapter of Exeter in 
not performing the Agreement made betweene them. 

/. 44 (28 May, 1666). The liberties and priveledges 
of this Cittie beinge att present questioned, and 
Mr. Recorder having written from London to send upp 
some of the said Charters,* It is this day agreede that 
severall Charters shalbe sent upp accordingly and that 
the Chamberlaine of this Cittie shalbe intrusted with 
the carrying of them to London in the speediest way he 
may with safetie. Then follows : The particular of the 
Charters and writings sent by the order above men- 
tioned : 1. The Charter of 29 Henry VIII, 3 Edward 
VI, 3 Elizabeth, the Acte of Parliament of 5 Elizabeth 
(see Oliver, p. 268), the Charter of 3 Charles I, 
28 Edward I, 2 olde Charters of King John, the Charter 
of 16 Henry VI, A Certificate of 39 Edward III. The 
Coppie of an Inquisition of Edward I. The Cittie's 
Armes under the Kinge of Armes his hande and scale. 
All of them putt into a little trunk lockt and delivered 
to Richard Izacke, Chamberlain, at the day above- 
menconed. On April 30, 1667 (/. 60), three Charters 
were likewise sent to London by Mr. Tounclarke, 
sci. 29 Henry VIII, Edward VI (sic) and 3 Caroli. 
A side note records : " Brought back again into the 
Chamber." 

/. 466 (31 July, 1666). One acquittance for the receipt of 
280Z. of Mr. Symon Snowe for soe much received by 
hym of Mr. William Sanforde from Mr. Valentyne 
Gratrix, being parte of the debt due by the said 
Mr. Gratrix for the purchase of the Irish lands from 
this Cittie. 

/. 466 (same date). One other acquittance for the receipt 
of 2QL of the said Mr. Snowe for a peece of plate hereto- 
fore bought by this Cittie to be used in St. Peter Church 
and since solde to the Deane and Chapter of that 
Church to be still used there as at their request. 

/. 47 (7 August, 1666). This day the Townclarke presented to 
this house a note of particular summes given to charitable 
uses by Mr. Perryam and others, which being in severall 
hands is desired to be entered for the better continuance 
of the accompte thereof hereafter, viz. : John Perryam, 
1,000?.; Thomas Walker, 200Z.; Mrs. Elizabeth Dowrish, 
501. ; Sir Richard Lawdye, 100J. ; Mr. James Tucker, 

* See p. 2. 



335 

100Z. ; Mr. Thomas fford, 250?. ; Mr. Richard Evans, 
500Z. ; Mr. Ralph Herman, 400Z. ; Total 2,600?., 
which is thus disposed of. Here follow particulars. 

/. 83 (5 January, 1669). I doe acknowledge to have 
received these Charters followinge out of ye Councell 
Chamber, vizt., 3 Edward VI, 29 Henry VIII, 
3 Elizabeth, and 3 Caroli, and also ye exemplification 
of an Actt of Parliament made 5 Elizabeth to be 
conveighed to London for the present use and to bee 
returned again by me, Ri. Izacke. All which were 
accordingly retourned and putt in one of ye boxes in ye 
Councell Chamber. [See Introduction.] 

/. 88 (25 May, 1669). Mr. Maior is desired to proclayme 
horse markett weekly on ffridayes to bee kept in 
ffryernhay. 

/. 1016 (8 November, 1670). Mr. William Sanford is 
desired to receive from Mr. Snowe's executors ye 
severall Bonds entered into by Sir Ames Amerideth and 
Mr. Valentine Gratrix unto this Chamber, and uppon 
the said Mr. Sanford's reporte thereof to this howse 
to transmitt ye said bonds to Mr. Samuel Crockford 
of Mynehead, and in the name of this Chamber to desire 
ye said Crockford to use his best endeavour for ye 
speedy recovery of ye said debte. 

/. 1056. Whereas there is a greate somme of monie still 
due from severall persons uppon the sale of the 
Irishe lands of this Cittie and the bonds entered into 
for the payment thereof being mislaid whereby it is 
not certenlie known who were bound for the payment 
thereof or that remayneth thereof yet unsatisfyed, 
the members of this Societie are all desired to informe 
themselves thereon the best that they may and likewise 
to examyne who hath any of the said bonds or any 
other writings touching the same soe soone as possblie 
they may, and to give this house an accounte thereof 
that course may be speedilie taken for the recovery 
thereof. 

/. 120 (27 August, 1672). A Letter of Attornye to be 
written to Mr. Chamberlain to demand an account 
and to receive the monie due from Mr. Gratrix in 
Ireland and a release to the said Mr. Gratrix uppon 
payment &c. 

/. 1326 (3 May, 1673). Alderman Sanford havinge 
received letters of late from the Cittie's agents in 
Ireland for the recoverie of monies due from Mr. Gratrix 
and others there for lands sold unto them expressinge 
some mistake in the accounts of that affair, and that 
one Mr. Osborne is now owner of the said lands, who 
makes some proposalls herein for the determyning 
of all differences touching the same, Mr. Sanford is 
desired to write speedilie to the said with directouns 



336 

to conclude the [sic] in such manner as he thinke fitting, 
and there being an offer made of the payment of 2001., 
it is conceived by this house fitter to accepte of the 
same then to contest in Law for the recovery of more 
uppon uncertentie. 

/. 134 (12 August, 1673). Whereas there are monies due 
from Mr. Gratrix and others for the lands of the Cittie 
in Ireland and noe certaine sommes can be agreede on 
by reason of differences in the accounts of severall 
persons touching the same for the avoyding of further 
troubles and expence touching the same, Mr. Alderman 
Sanford is desired by this house to use his best 
indeavour therein againe and to give order to accepte 
of one hundred pounds if more cannott be gotten. 

/. 1386 (16 December, 1673). A letter latelie sent from 
the Citties agent for the recording of monies due to the 
Cittie for their lands in Ireland, and ther being an 
offer of [blank] to be paid for the same uppon a release 
to all the parties interested therein, It is this day 
agreede that a release be prepared for the same 
accordingly to avoide further trouble. 

/. 139 (6 January, 1674). This day a release under the 
Common Scale was sealed to Sir Ames Amerideth, 
Colonell Jeremy Sankie and Valentyne Gratrix, Esq., 
of all debts and monies due for the Citties lands in 
Ireland upon the engagement to pay 105?. to the 
Citties agent there uppon the receipt of their release. 

/. 1416 (5 May, 1674). A letter, beinge this day reade 
from the Citties agent in Ireland that the persons there 
who are to paye monies for the lands there heretofore 
purchased from this Cittie will not paye but 150?. att 
present upon the delivery of the Citties release, and the 
residue at some short tyme thereafter, It is this day 
agreede that it shalbe soe accepted to avoide further 
disputes therein. Aid. Sanford is desired by this 
house to give order to the said agent in Ireland to effect 
it accordingly, taking some causion for later payment 
that an end may be of that long and trowblesome 
business. 

/. 1576 (31 August, 1675). Whereas there are 55?. paid of 
late unto Aid. Sanford for the Citties lands solde in 
Ireland, for which hee is accomptable to this house, 
orders are given for the disposal of the money. 

/. 161 (14 December, 1675). Ordered that all liquid 
goods brought upp to the Key by water for lighterage 
and cranage, shall pay 2s. 6d., and all other goods 
2s. by the Tunne, also for lighterage of all goods down- 
wards except pack goods 2s. Qd. p. tunn ; do. for every 
packe of serges of 20 pieces 4d., and soe for other goods 
according to ye bignes ; for a quarter of coale \2d. ; 
for salt accounting 40 bushells to ye tunn 20d. per 



337 

Tunne ; for every hoggeshead of tobacco Sd. All coasters 
to pay as formerly. 

/. 1966 (5 September, 1679). This day it is ordered that 
ye Common Brewhouse in Exiland [see p. 104] and ye pest- 
house in the parish of St. Syd wells be foorthwith by ye 
comon cryer of this City proclaymed to bee sett and ye 
day for ye disposal! of ye same is appointed to bee Tuesday 
come sen'ight, 16th inst., here at ye Counsell Chamber, 
where ye best Chapman is to bee preferred. Mr. Receiver 
is likewise ordered to repaire that part of Cowley bridge 
which fitly belongs to this Chamber to doe. 

Book 12. Act Book of the Chamber from 22 April, 1684, 
to 4 September, 1684. A folio volume bound in leather, 
containing 7 leaves of Acts at one end and at the other the 
following entries : 

/. 1. The Charter of Incorporation of the Joyners of 

Exeter, 20 March, 1685. [See Deed 1637.] 
/. 3. Acts and Ordinances for the governance of the same 

Company, 25 March, 1685. 
/. 7. The Charter of Incorporation of the Freemasons, 

Masons, Bricklayers, Glasiers and Painters of Exeter, 

20 March, 1685. [See Deed 1637.] 
/. 9. Acts and Ordinances for the governance for the same 

Company, 1 James II (1685). 
/. 13. The Charter of Incorporation of the Butchers of 

Exeter, 20 March, 1685. [See Letter 520, page 53.] 
/. 18. The Incorporation of the Whitetawers, glovers, 

skinners (incorporated 1462 Izacke, 62), grey tawers, 

poynters and parchment-makers, 1 December, 1685. 

[See p. 54.] 
/. 24. The Incorporation of the Hellyars and plaisterers 

of Exeter, 14 December, 1686. [See Letter 76, page 53.] 
/. 28. The Incorporation of the Bakers of Exeter, 

1 March, 1687. [For previous incorporations, 1482, 

1554, see Izacke, 63.] 
/. 30. Acts and Ordinances of the Company of white 

tallow chandlers and white soape boylers of Exeter. 

[See Deed 1786.] 

Book 13. Act Book of the Chamber from 10 November, 
1684, to 20 September, 1731. A folio volume bound in leather 
containing 333 written folios. Two leaves (ff. 51, 52) are 
left blank, see L. 443. 

/. 316 (26 April, 1687) has regulations for the duties of 
Pilotts over the Barr of the Port of Exon, of whom 
there are 12. All masters of ships or Barks drawing 
above five foot water were to be obliged to take on a 
pilot according to a fixed scale of charges varying with 
the draught, and the rules were to be hung up in a 
frame at Topsham. 

Wt. 20757. Ex 22 



338 

/. 996 (21 July, 1696). Mr. Receiver is to pay George 
White ye painter 305. for drawing of a map of the 
Castle ditches. 

/. Ill (July 16, 1698). That the Statute Bookes whom 
(sic) to this tyme for the publick use of the City and a 
scale for sealing of all processe of the Court be provided 
by the receiver att the Citty's charge.* 

/. 1236 (9 May, 1699). A commission of three are desired 
to view and measure out the plott of ground near 
Mawdlyn Gallows in order that the same may be 
graunted to Mr. Jennings for 3 Lives under the rent 
of Is. and repairing of the Causeway before it. 

/. 162 (23 June, 1702). That the manor of Exe Island 
shall be exposed to Sale at a Publick Survey by parcells, 
and that the Committee appointed for the sale of the 
manor of Duryurd doe discourse Mr. Ffownes and 
other Trustees of Mr. Kellend, deceased, to whom the 
manor of Exe Island is mortgaged about it, and that 
the survey be held. 

/. 1836 (11 August, 1704). That upon Mr. Oliver's 
producing the purchase deeds from Trosse and others 
relating to the Barton of Exeweeke, parte of which 
belongs to this house, and on a mappe being made 
thereof for the use of this house, ordered to adjust 
which parte of ye said Barton belongs to this house. 

/. 216 (14 September, 1708). Be it remembered that 
it is mutually agreed by and between the right reverend 
ffather in God, Ofspring [Blackall] Lord Bishop of Exeter 
and the Venerable the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedrall 
Churche of St. Peter in Exeter and the right worshipfull 
the Mayor, Bayliffs and Comynalty of the city of 
Exeter, for the preventing all doubts and questions 
which might hereafter arise touching the wearing the 
Cap of maintainance and bearing the Sword before 
the said Mayor and his successors into (sic) Choir of 
the said Cathedrall Church that the said Mayor &c. 
coming to the said Choir in time of divine service do 
cause the sword to be drope and Cap of Maintainance 
taken off at the entrance or door of the said Choir. 
But at other times that the said sword be carried 
erect and the Cap of Maintainance worn before the 
said Mayor &c. into and coming out of the said choir, 
as hath been used for some time past, and that there 
bee convenient places appointed and made for placing 
the said sword and Cap of Maintainance before the said 
Mayor &c., or as near on his and their right hands 
as may or can bee contrived, and it is likewise agreed 
that nothing herein contained shall affect or influence 
any liberty or authority which the said Parties may 



* The existing common seals bear date 12th century, 1531 and 1672, 
called City Seals in Lloyd Parry, pp. 1, 22. 



339 

lawfully claim or in the Fee of St. Stephens within 
the said City. The agreement to be entered in the 
several Registries of the Lord Bishop and the Dean and 
Chapter and in the Book of Acts and Ordinances of the 
said Mayor, Bailiffs and Comonalty, this 16th day of 
July, 1708. Signed, Ofsp., Exon. 

/. 271 (14 June, 1720). A contract made with Mr. Emanuel 
Hole and Mr. William Stabbock for the granting of 
liberty to bring stone for the making of Lyme onely 
in Boates or Vessells through the works at all times when 
and as often as any ships or vessells shall pass through 
the works. [See D. 1824, p. 32.] 

/. 2716 (15 September, 1720). Ordered that the Key, 
Custome house, Cellars and other buildings thereon, 
together with the Canal Sluices and everything there- 
unto belonging with all the Tolls and Duties arising 
therefrom, except the Town dues be sold, a Committee 
being appointed to consider the Terms of sale and 
other things in order thereunto. 

Book 14. Act Book of the Chamber from 4 October, 1731, 
to 17 November, 1766. A folio volume containing 293 folios. 

Book 15. A volume containing an Abridgement to the 
Chamber Act Book from 28 June, 1752, for the more ready 
finding any Act of Chamber from that time. It contains 
only 8 pages of entries, which end with July 31, 1753. 

Book 16, entitled " Copy of the Chamber Minute Books, 
from 11 December, 1766, to 22 November, 1808." A folio 
volume bound in leather without pagination or Index. 

Book 17. " Copy of the Chamber Minute Book from 
7 February, 1809, to 12 February, 1823." A folio volume 
bound in leather without pagination or Index. Similar to 
No. 16. 

Minute Books. 

These volumes contain the Minutes of the meetings, which 
are afterwards copied into the Act Books. 

Books 18 to 30. Chamber Minute Books from 5 February, 

1688, to 23 April, 1831. (See Act Books 13 to 17.) 
Book 18 is called on the cover " Act Book from February 5, 
1688, unto Sept. 12, 1698," with a note, "of no use 
being fair copied in No. XI," i.e. Act Book XIII. 
Book 19. Chamber Act Book from 14 August, 1722, to 
June 27, 1727. Copied in No. XI, i.e. Act Book XIII. 
Book 20. Do, do, from July 18, 1727, to Oct. 4, 1731. 

Copied in No. XI, i.e. Act Book XIII. 
Book 21. No. XII. Minute Book of the Chamber from 
Oct. 1731, to February, 1735. Adding (in later hand 



340 

of Oliver's time) Nos. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. All copied 
in No. XII., i.e. Act Book XIV. 
Book 22. No. XIII. Minute Book of the Chamber, 1735 

(i.e. from Feb. 21, 1735, to July 5, 1743). 
Book 23. No. XIV. Do, do, 1743 (i.e. from Aug. 27, 

1743, to Dec. 17, 1751). 
Book 24. No. XV. Do, do, 1752 (i.e. from Jan. 28, 1752, 

to May 28, 1763). 
Book 25. No. XVI. Do, do, 1763 (i.e. from July 26, 

1763, to April 16, 1776). 

The remainder of these Minute Books are kept at the Town 
Clerk's office in a separate building, and time did not allow 
of my inspecting them, but I ascertained that a volume which 
was missing, which Mr. Stuart Moore reported, has recently 
been recovered (1909), and is now marked Book 30A. Other 
volumes still missing are from Sept. 12, 1698, where No. 18 
ends, and Aug. 14, 1722, where No. 19 begins. Also between 
1831 and Dec. 31, 1835. 

Books 31 to 37 contain Minutes of the Council from Dec. 31, 
1835, to Sept. 10, 1873. Books 38 to 48 are blank. 

Book\ 49. Wynard's Minute Book, 1864. See Deeds 573 
&c. 
Book 50. Northernhay Minute Book, 1844, to [blank]. 

John Hooker's Books. 

Book 51. The Common -place Book of John Vowell alias 
Hoker, Chamberlain of the City of Exeter. A large folio 
volume of paper neatly bound in brown morocco, but greatly 
in need of rebinding. It was evidently rebound in its present 
form before Izacke's time, for he notices the misplacing of the 
pages in the middle portion. It appears to be the same as the 
Black Ledger, to which Hooker makes frequent reference in 
Book 52 (see page 89). Prefixed in Izacke's handwriting is : 
" A Catalogue of the particulars menconed in this booke 
written most by the industrious laboues (sic) of John Vowell 
alias Hooker, the first Chamberlaine of this Cittie." This 
table of contents ends with /. 194 : " The Rentalls of the 
lands of and belonging to the Cittie." 

/. 224 has a list of toll-free places drawn up by Hooker and 
dated 1592. The Annals at the end stop abruptly at 
32 Elizabeth (1590), which year contains nothing but the 
names of William Martyn, mayer, John Chaple, vie', and 
Richard Swete (recever), William Newcome, Walter 
burroghe, Thomas Baskerville, bayliffs. On the same page 
(/. 3646) is written : 

I am content that thre copies of this boke be printed. 
Jo. Cantuar [i.e. Archbishop Whitgift, 1583-1604]. 

Also : Int. Mayor Bal et Civitat' Civit' Exon., Quer. 
William Bond, Deft. 

In Scacc. This Manuscript Booke was produced by 



341 

Samuell Isaacke, Gent., at the time of his Examinacion 
before us. 

Robt. Walker, 

Nlch. Webbe, 

Robt. Wolcom (partly hidden in 

binding), 
Jno. Cholwick. 

The xxvith daie of Aprill, 1658. 

This booke was shewne to Edward Portbury, Gent., att 
the tyme of his Examynacion before us. 

Thos. Gibbon, 
John Darke, 
Han. Ratcliffe. 

The following account of its contents is taken from 
Mr. Stuart Moore's Calendar, corrected and expanded by 
comparison with the original : 

ff. 1-16 (30 January, 2 Henry VIII, 1511). Carta de 

Winton. The Charter of the Byshopp of Winchester 

and of the Prior of Monkes there. For an extract, see 

Book 52, /. 208. 

ff. 17, 18. The description of Dodneys (Totnes) and of 

the Charters and lyberties of the same. 
/. 19. The Composicion for the lyberties of the towne of 
Dartmouth, A.D. 1304, between Nicholas of Teukesbury, 
Lord of Hewes and William La Zouche, Lord of Totnes 
and Dartmouth. 
/. 20. Apud Turrim, London, 14 April, 15 Edward III 

(1341). The Charter of Dartmouthe. 
/. 216. Dated Totnes, 6 July, 32 Edward I (1304). The 
Composition between William La Zouche, Lord of 
Totness and the Burgesses of the same Towne. 
/. 226. An Acte of Parliament for pavinge the streetes 
yn the Citie of Excester. [Also in Book 52, /. 2296.] 
/. 236. A copy of the Act of 23 Elizabeth [1580-81, i.e. 
23 Eliz., c. 17, Statutes iv, 702], that Gavelkinde lands 
within the Countie of the Citie of Exeter may be 
inheritable as landes at the Common Law. This is a 
printed broadside imprinted at London by Christopher 
Barker, Printer to the Queenes most Excelent 
Maiestie. 

/. 246. "Certeyn olde and auncient orders and customes 
of the Citie of Excester to be observed and kept." 
They relate to the freedom of the City, the tenure of 
land, &c., &c. 

/. 27. " The first and Originall Chart or of the Boroughe 
or Towne of Bradneys alias Bradnynch." It is a 
Charter of Henry films Comitis Reginaldi, Earl of 
Cornwall [i.e. 1217-1222]. 

Ibid. " An Inquisition taken at Excester concerninge 
the Freedome and lyberties of the boroughe of Bradneys 
yn the time of Kinge Edward the first and the xviijth 
yere of his reigne. Anno 1290." 



342 

/. 276. 21 December, 1 Elizabeth (1558). Letters Patent 
certifying that the inhabitants of our Towne of 
" Limedrye "* (sic), as parcell of the saide Dukedome 
of Lancaster, are free of toll and custom by the liberty 
of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

/. 28. The Letters Patent of the Duchie of Cornewall 
and of the lyberties of the same, 22 June, 13 Elizabeth 
(1571). 

/. 306. The Charter of the Duchie of Lancaster, 

29 January, 1 Elizabeth (1559).f Also in Book 52, 
/. 1 29. At the end is a Last of places which are toll free by 
the liberty of the Duchy. 

/. 32 (23 July, 20 Elizabeth, 1578). The Charter of the 
Cittie of London. J 

/. 346. A note or an abstracte of certeyn and sundrie 
Articles of pryveleges conteyned yn others the Charters of 
London and not inserted nor mentioned yn the former 
Charters. 

/. 36. " Here folowethe the tytle and the grounde 
wherebye the Mayor and Shiriffes of the Citie of London 
do clayme to have the custome and Scavage alias 
Savage of the Inhabitants of the Citie of Excester," 
temp. Henry VII. See also Miscellaneous Rolls, No. 82. 
It is preceded and succeeded by a short historical 
notice of the matter by Hoker, who calls it : "a certayne 
taxe, custome or imposition named Scavage (orSchavage, 
/. 37) or Savage, which was that all maner of wares 
and merchandises beinge brought to London by any 
foryner, the same before any sale to be made sholde 
be (sic) opened and shewed unto the Shiriffes of 
London, and who upon the sight thereof dyd demaunde, 
take and levie a certeyn custome accordynge to such 
rates as they had sett downe and lymeted." 

/. 396. 25 November, 13 Elizabeth (1570). Exemplifica- 
tion of Queen's Bench Judgment Roll, Michaelmas, 
7-8 Elizabeth, roll 1729, of a Suit about the Scavage 
in a shop in the ward of Bredstreete in London, i.e. 

30 pieces panni linei vocat' Hollande clothe, 20 pieces 
de panno fustian, 1 virgat panni lanei vocat' redd 
clothe, duos pannos vocat' kerseys, to the value of HO/. 
William Hurste [Mayor, 1551, 1561] v. The City of 
London, whose goods had been seized not that he 
was Mayor at the time. 

/. 416. Copy Queen's Bench Judgment Roll, Michaelmas, 
10-11 Elizabeth. Similar Suit by John Peryam 
[Mayor, 1563] (/. 416). 

* ? Same as Lyney or Langbree, both of which are in the list of toll-free 
places in Book 62, /. 134, where they are parts of the " auncient demeane," 
or Lymbiry in the parish of Broad Clyst. W. Pole, Devonshire, p. 175. 

t Not in W. Hardy, Charters of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

j Not in Birch, Historical Charters of the City of London. 



343 

ff. 43-45. A dissertation by Hoker upon the Haven 
and Ryver Exe.* He gives copies of two Inquisitions 
held at Exeter respecting it dated on the day of the 
Beheading of Saint John the Baptist, 18 Edward I 
(1290), translations of which are printed by Izacke, 
p. 27. f also two petitions to Henry VI and Edward IV 
(see infra). [See also Miscellaneous Rolls, No. 3, XVII, 
ii, 90.] 

/. 46. J " The Kinges write upon the foresaide petitions 
made unto him, sent to the Shiriff of the Countie of 
Devon for an Inquisition to be hade of the premises," 
Apud Claryndone, 20 March, 10 (sic) Edward [II], 1317. 
The Inquisition held at Exeter dated Tuesday in the 
Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross (3 May), 
10 (sic) Edward [II], 1317.|| This Inquisition Hoker 
says was "never certyfied to the Kinge, wherefor upon 
a new petition the Kinge sent out his seconde wryt 
and requireth an awnsweres (sic) as may by the same 
appeare." He gives a copy of another writ, 12 June, 
10 Edward [II], 1317, with the return dated Tuesday 
after the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 10 Edward II 
(1317). 

/. 47. Copy of an Inquisition dated Tuesday next 
before Saint Matthew [blank] Richard II,jf con- 
cerning the damage done by weirs in the Exe. 

/. 486. " The sundry and many injuries and wronges 
wherwith the Countysse and Erles of Devon have from 
tyme to tyme injured and oppressed the Citie of 
Excester " [see D. 770] a translation of Miscellaneous 
Rolls, No. 3, membrane 5. Hoker carries his notice 
down to the Composition respecting Topsham Quay in 
22 Elizabeth, 1579-80. 

/. 536. 3 February, 39 Edward III (1365). Copy of 
Exemplification of Domesday &c. [See Charter No. 
XXI, p. 4.] In a foot-note : Everye hyde of lande 
conteynethe xvi ferlynges or ferthinges of grounde. 
Everye ferlynge or ferthinge of grounde conteynethe 
generally thirtie-two acres, but yn some perticular 
places syxtene acres. 

/. 54. The Orders or Customes to be observed at the 
Key, Crane or Wharffe of Toppesham, and rates for the 
same [see p. 73] with the like for the Key of Exeter (/. 55). 

* See Archceologia, xxviii, p. 9. 

f Coram Malcolmo (not " Malculino," as Izacke, p. 27) de Harleighe, 
Escheat ore dornini Regis citra Trent am. 

J For an Acte for the mendyng of the River of Exeter, 1539, see Stat. iii, 
720, 31 Henry VIII, c. 4. 

Not 18 Ed. I. i.e. 1290 as Izacke 27 who has inserted the year 1290 in 
the margin, thereby causing much confusion. 

|| Coram Matheo de Cliveden vie' Devon who was Sheriff of Devon in 
1317, see Misc. Roll 3 (I). 

TJ The regnal year is blank in Hooker but given as 2 Richard II (i.e. 137S) 
in Archaeologia xxviii. 10. 



344 

/. 56 (4 Edward I). Extract from the Hundred Rolls 
as to the liberties of the City. Begins : Memorandum 
that the fayre called Ooldiche fayre kept yerely ad 
Gulas Augusti yn Southynghay was before and after 
the conquest perteyninge to the Commonaltie of the 
Citie of Excestre, as dothe appere yn the booke of 
Domesedaye remayninge yn the Exchequer at 
Westminstre and Exemplified under the broade seale 
yn the (sic) tyme of kynge Edwarde the third and 
bearing date tertio februarii, anno Regni xxxix (see 
Charter XXI, p. 4), &c. (1365). [See also Transcripts 
Nos. 2010-12.] 

ff. 57-59. " The varyaunce and controversie of the 
Erie of Devon and the Prior of Saint Nicholas agaynst 
the Mayor and Commonaltie of the Citie of Excester 
for Croldyche or Lammas Faire " ; with a copy of the 
Record, Common Pleas Roll, Easter, 16 Edward II, 
Rolls 23 and 37. 

/. 59. 5 July, 30 Edward II. Exemplification of a verdict 
respecting the suburb without Westgate. Called in 
Index : An Assize int' Comitem Devon et civitatem 
for lands in Exiland. 

/. 606. Apud Nov' Sarum 2 November, 2 Edward III 
(1328). The Charter of Melcombe Regis. With a foot- 
note : The seale appendant to this Charter is a broade 
seale in olde greene wax, on the one syde three lyons, 
beinge the armes of England, and on the other syde a 
ship topped and two scogeons, every of theym quartered 
the (1, 2) a lyon ramp., the 3, 4 a shipp. 

/. 62. 29 August, 2-3 Philip and Mary (1555). The 
Charter of the Tailors of Exeter. [See Izacke, 63.] 

ff. 63, 64. The Decree and Order of King Edward IV 
the xxij of Severer, the xvj yere of Ms rayne (i.e. 
1477) in the controversy between the Tailors and 
the City printed with other documents relating to 
this Guild in Mr. Toulmin Smith's Book of Guilds for 
the Early English Text Society, 1869. 

ff. 64-67. A memorandum concerning the Corporation 
of the Merchants and their Charter, 17 June, 2 Elizabeth, 
1560 (full text). [Indexed as "The Charter ffrench 
Marchants in Exeter and orders thereuppon," i.e. the 
Merchant Adventurers, see p. 40.] 

ff. 676, 68. The Corporation of the Cappers and Haber- 
dashers. Indexed " The Charter of Cappers and 
Haberdashers in Exon." [See page 54 ; also Izacke, 65.] 

ff. 69, 70. The Corporation of the Cordewayeners. [In- 
dexed as The Charter of c. Cordwyners and ordinances 
thereuppon. See page 54.] 

/. 71. The Corporation of the Tuckers and Weavers. 
[Indexed as The Charter of Weavers and Tuckers, &c. ; 
called Weavers and Fullers in Izacke, 54.] 



345 

/. 716. The Corporation of the Skynners and Gloviers; 
continued on /. 157, dated April 30, 3 Elizabeth, 1561. 

ff. 156-161 have been misplaced and should follow here. 

/. 72. The last leaf of a Charter, 9 May, 5 Elizabeth, 
to the City of London. [See post f. 88.] 

ff. 73-75. Three leaves of the Charter to the Bishop 
and the Dean and Chapter misplaced by the binder. 
[Called : "The Charter (parte) of the Bishopp of Exeter 
Kirton to Exeter," begins : Ego Rogerus Coventrensis 
Episcopus confirmo, &c., ends : Ego Radulphus dux. 
Ego, continued on /. 95. At this point there is much 
confusion in the paging, and several leaves have been 
misplaced by the binder. The true order of the docu- 
ments appears to be the following : folios 80, 73, 74, 75, 
95, 96, 97, 98, 76, 77, 78, 79. The whole of these pages 
refer to the Grande Charter of the Cathedral Church of 
St. Peter's of Exeter, which is dated May 12, 
2 Henry VIII (i.e. 1510), and the order of the documents 
may be reconstructed by comparing them with Book 52, 
ff. 41-61, where the documents occur again and in the 
Cathedral MS., 3520. See Reynolds, p. 1.] 

/. 76. The Composition for inclosinge of the Churcheyarde 
and buyldinge up of gates in the same, 1286. Printed 
in Izacke, p. 23. 

/. 766. The Grant of the Mayor and Citizens to the 
Dean and Chapter for inclosinge of the Churchyarde. 
Printed in Izacke, p. 22. 

/. 77. Articles of dispute between the City and the Church . 

/. 78. Composition between the same parties concerning 
certeyn walles and dores buylded upon the Cities 
walles and for the Muralie Walke [indexed as : "touch- 
ing the dores uppon the walles, 16 foote"], A.D. 1330, 
but Friday next after the Feast of St. Hillary, anno 
Regni Regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi quinto decimo, 
1320 (sic) in document ; but this would be 1322 if 
15 Edward II ; or 1342, if 15 Edward III. 

/. 786. 8 September, 37 Henry VI [i.e. 1458 but 1457 
added by Izacke both in document and Index]. Com- 
position for building of a gate yn a Lane yn Styckestreete 
betwene St. Katherens Almeshouse and certeyn canons 
howses yn the one syde and the soyle of the late dissolved 
house of the freers preachers now the Erles of Beddff ord 
on the other syde. 

/. 796. Friday after Hilary, 1299 (i.e. 27 Edward I, 
though called 1392 in the document). Agreement by 
the Mayor and Commonalty with the Archdeacon of 
Totness of a tower upon the walls of the City. 

/. 80. The Charter of the liberties apperteyninge to the 
Cathedral Church of the Citie of Exon. 

/. 81. Hoker's Lives of the Bishops of Exeter. It begins 
abruptly in the middle of the life of Bishop Bartholomew 



346 

Iscanus (1159-1174), i.e. "for his contempte and 
disobedience agaynst the Kinge " (p. Ill of Edition 
1765). The leaves of the Manuscript have been mis- 
placed : from /. 876 it goes to /. 103. It ends (/. 104) 
in the beginning of the life of Bishop John Wolton. 
" He was prefferred thereunto by the ernest suite and 
mediation of ffraunceys Earle of Bedfford." A 
subsequent addition being : He dyed the xiij of 
Marche, 1593, the xxxvi yere of the Rayne of Quene 
Elizabeth. 

/. 88. The Charter of the City of London and of the 
Lyberties of the same, and liberties and sutes in lawe 
betweene Exeter and London (Contents Table), 9 May, 
5 Elizabeth (1563). The last leaf has been bound as 
/. 72, marked as "worth the reading " in Index. 

/. 976. A memorandum concerning the settlement of 
the dispute between the Church and City in 1448. 

/. 986. 12 December, 27 Henry VI (1448). Copy of the 
Bishop, Dean and Chapter's Bond to stand to the 
Award. [See Shillingford's Letters and Deeds, 
No. XXXVIII.] App., p. 136. 

/. 99. 12 December. Copy of the Composition, 
12 December, 27 Henry VI (1448). [See Deeds No. 
1198 and Shillingford's Letters, where it is printed, 
p. 136.] 

/. 1006. The Copy of the Act of Parliament for Bounding 
Saint Sidwell's Fee, May 4, 15 Henry VI, 1437 (Latin). 
[See Oliver, p. 269, with English translation in Reynolds, 
p. 2.] 

/. 104 (undated). The Extentes of lands belonging to 
the Bishopric of Exeter, the total amounting to 
5,578Z. 7s. 7 |d. For rent roll in 1308, see Oliver, 
Mon., 427. 

/. 106. Simply headed : " Episcopi Bathon' et Wellens," 
but " The Charter of the Cittie of Bathe &c.," in Table of 
Contents. Inspeximus of Charters of Henry VI, V, 
IV, III (Feb. 4, 11, 1224), Edward (?) and John [apud 
Gaydunton (i.e. Geddington), March 3rd, 1207], also 
Henry II, with confirmation by Richard I (Canterbury, 
Nov. 26, 1189). 

ff. 106-110. The Charter of the Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, 22 April, 23 Elizabeth (1581), refers to ad vow- 
sons of Aysbeare, [i.e. Aylesbeare,] Crystymelford, [i.e. 
Christian Malford,] Kington, Bokeland and Camerlar- 
ton, the manor of Cedder, Axebridge, the hundred 
of Winterstoke and Cedder &c. 

/. 111. Copy of Royal Charter [No. XXX, p. 5]. 
Headed : To the King our Sovereigne Lorde. Please 
yt your Hignes of your most noble and aboundant 
grace to graunte unto your trewe subiectes and 
inhabitaunts of your Citie of Excester your moste 



347 

graciose letters hereafter ensueinge accordinge to 
ordinaunce graunted by the most noble and mighty 
prince your dere father, whose soul Jesu pardon. 
Then follows the text : Henry by the grace of 
God. . . . Geven under our privy seale at our manner 
of Greenewiche the Xth daye of July, the first yere of 
our reyne, 1 Henry 8, with the name of the Mayor John 
Lympyn [called Lympany in Oliver, 231], and 22 of the 
xxiiij. The text corresponds with the Document in 
Izacke, 99-102, who dated it July 10, 13 Henry VII 
(i.e. 1498), supposing it to be contained in " the twoo 
Holies of the records of the Courte (Book 51, /. 329), 
that are missing for the year 1497 (Izacke, p. 98). 
With this may be compared a passage in Hooker, 
Book 52, /. 398 [406], who after referring to the 
gift of the sword and the cap of maintenance to the 
city by Henry VII in 1497, adds : But he dyd not 
sett downe this order in writinge. Wherefore the 
Mayor and Magestrates thinkinge it necessarie for a 
further quietnes the same shoulde be Regestred made 
suet to King Henry the VIII, the first yere of his Raigne 
that it maye please him to establishe the order before 
appointed. And he lykenge well his father's doinges 
dyd accordingly Ratefie and establish the same, whiche 
is as followeth, worde by worde. Then follows the 
text verbatim (dated July 10, 1 Henry VIII), including 
the names of John Lympyn, Mayor, and 22 others. 

ff. 112, 113. Examination of witnesses touching the 
bounds of the Churchyard of the Cathedral taken in 
the 4th year of the reign of Queen Mary ; and con- 
cerning the liberties claimed there. 

/. 114. 24 February, 3 Edward VI (1549). The Grand 
Charter of the Cittie of Excester. A Copy of Charter 
XXXIV [see p. 5]. 

ff. 1236, 124, 125. The Act of Parliament for bounding 
the Countie of the Citie of Exeter and for the con- 
firmation of the lyberties of the same, 2 Edward VI. 
[See Charter XXXV, p. 5.] 

/. 126. " The Charter of Exilond," dated Dec. 2nd (sic), 
1550, which should be Dec. 22nd, as in original. A 
Copy of Charter No. XXXVI. At the end is a note of 
" The pryveleges and fraunchises of the saide Manor." 

ff. 1296-131. The Charter for Orphanes and a Chamber- 
layne and other lyberties within the Citie of Excester. 
21 February, 3 Elizabeth (1561). See Charter XXXVII. 

/. 132. Act of Parliament for the confirmation of the 
Charter for Orphanes and other the Cities lyberties, 
dated May 3rd, 5 Elizabeth, 1563. Charter XXXIX. 

/. 1336. " The Statutes, Orders and Ordynaunces made 
arid decreed by the Mayor, Bailiffs and xxiiij of the 
Common counsell of the Citie of Excester for and 



348 

concerninge the ordringe of Orphanes and all suche 
goodes, chattells and other thynges to theym apper- 
teyninge within the Citie of Excester and the lyberties 
of the same. Begins : " First it is ordred that what 
so ever benefite dothe growe to the childe of any 
ffreeman "... ends with charges for funerals. [See 
pp. 6, 82.] It differs considerably in wording from 
Book 52, /. 190. 

/. 1406. Copy of Charter, Nov. 8, 1562, [No. XXXVIII, 
pp. 6, 73] with a Memorandum at the end concerning 
Bonville's Almshouses. 

/. 141. An Abstracte of all the orders and ordynaunces 
extante, made, enacted and ordeyned by the Mayres 
and Common Counsell of the Citie of Excester for the 
tyme beynge for the good goverment of the sayde 
Citie and common welthe of the same, collected by 
John Vowell alias Hoker [blank]* and Chamberleyn of 
the same. They are arranged under the following 
heads : 

Accomptes and Accomptantes. Actes. Almeshowses and 
Almesfolke. AppareUandSkarlettgownes. Apprentysses. 
Attendaunce to the Mayer and Common Counsell. 
Bakers. Banquettes, feastes and dynners. Banyshed 
persones. Barelbearers or porters. Boochers. Boothes 
and Standinges yn the fayres or marketts. Brewers. 
Burgesses. Canon breade. Chamberleyn. Candle- 
light and lanterne. Chaplayne. Clothe Hall. Clerke 
of the Cloth or Merchants Hall. Conyes. Conduytes. 
Counsells or Secrettes. Contempte. Corporations, 
Coverage. Dyscoveringe of Secretes. Dyfraunchasynges, 
Dynners, Dogges, Election, Exmouthe. Fyer. For- 
feytures or penalties. Foryners. Free menne. Here 
it breaks off abruptly. See post volume 52, /. 458. 

/. 155 is misplaced ; it should precede/. 162. 

ff. 156-161 should succeed /. 716. They contain the 
ordinances &c. of the Corporation of Bakers. April 1, 
1, 2 Philip and Mary, 1554. [See p. 54.] 

/. 157. Continuation of Skinners and Gloviers (see f. 
716), also Tailors. 

/. 1576, Smiths and Cutlers. April 20, 3 Elizabeth, 
1561. [See p. 54.] 

/. 1586. Cowpers and helyers. Feb. 3, 9 Elizabeth, 1567. 

/. 1596. Boochers. Sept. 9, 17 Elizabeth, 1575. 

/. 161, Brewers. Sept, 20, 21 Elizabeth, 1579. [Seep. 54.] 

ff. 155, 162-193. The order and manner of the Gover- 
ment of the Citie of Excester and of the officers of the 
same, i.e. Hoker's Pamphlet of the Offices and Duties 
of everie particular sworne Officer of the Citie of Exeter. 
[Printed in 1584.] 



* The same blank space occurs in the duplicate copy in Book 52, /. 458. 



349 

The Manuscript differs very greatly from the printed book. 
The Introduction is altogether different and the text is much 
fuller in the Manuscript indeed it supplies the deficiences 
referred to in the printed book as " The residue is contained 
in the Black Leiger " &c. It has also a description of the 
manner of the election of the various officers and copies of 
their respective oaths. 

ff. 194-212. The pertyculer Rentalls of all the 
Lordeshyppes, Manors, Landes, Rentes, Revenewes and 
issues which do yeerly growe apperteyninge and 
belonginge to the Citie of Excester. 

/. 212. The description and rates of the Towne Custome. 
A full list of articles in alphabetical order, with the 
amount of rate, beginning with Allome the C at 
33s. 4d. () ending Wolle curdes the ponchion 4e?., 
with the ferme of the game market, the fishmarket, 
Bagavell, Brethengavell and Chepengavell. Sept. 10, 
24 Elizabeth. 

/. 219&. The Ferme of barel bearinge. 

/. 220. The Profits of the Merchants' Hall. 

/. 221. Direceons touchinge the Corne Markett. 

/. 222. The Receptes and profitts of the Haven Water- 
course and Crane at the Citie of Exon. 

/. 2226. The rates dew for toll and coverages at the 
fayres kept within this Citie. 

/. 223. " Citties, Townes and villages which ar custome 
free within the Cittie of Excester accordinge as it is 
recorded yn an olde anciente roll of the Cittie named 
the Blacke Rolle." Ends : The tenantes inhabitantes 
resyents within the Duchie of Lancastre ar ffree of 
custome, pannage, panage, cartage, tollage, tallage, 
caridge, pesage and coverage or terrage by act of 
parliament. See Misc. Boll 2 (51), page 158. 

ff. 224, 225. A Calendar of places which are custom free 
in the fairs and markets of Exeter, collected by John 
Hoker alias Vowell, Gent., 1592. 

ff. 227-230. The Order for making proclamations for 
the Queen, for the Mayor at his entry into office, for 
fairs, for Lammas or Crulditch Fair. The liberties, 
privileges and rates and profits of the same fair. 

ff. 231, 232. The Office of Clerke of the Market. 

ff. 236-364. Hoker's Annals of the City with Extracts 
from the Mayor's Court Rolls showing the names of 
the Mayors, Receivers and Bailiffs of the City in each 
year, the deeds, wills &c. enrolled upon each roll ; 
and " further, yn the ende of everye partyculer Mayers 
yere, there is subnected and written a brieffe abstracte 
of some such things as were donne yn that yere and 
especially yn these west parties." These annals are 
very remarkable and interesting ; the accounts of 
Bishops and Mayors are very carefully compiled and a 



350 

great number of them are taken from the writer's per- 
sonal knowledge. His notices of Bishop Miles Coverdale 
(/. 350, Anno 1553) and of Hugh Latimer's preaching 
(/. 342, Anno 1533, nil in Izacke) in the City are 
specially noticeable. There is, too, a great deal of 
curious historical information in them. The whole 
volume with slight exceptions is in Hoker's own hand- 
writing. It commences with the first year of Henry III, 
1216, and is continued to the year 1590. 
/. 236. Anno 1216. The first yere of Kinge Henrye the 
third. 

Walter Turbert, Mayor. 

In the beginynninge of this yere Kinge John dyed 
at Newarke and was brought to Worcester and there 
buried. Of the maner and kynde of his dethe there 
ar sundry opinions, but the most common and receved 
reporte that he was poysoned. 

After the dethe of Kinge John his sonne Henry was 
by the nobilitie of the realme brought to the Citie of 
Gloucester and there proclaymed and crowned Kinge 
by the name of Kinge Henry the iijth. 

In this tyme the cheaff and next officers under the 
mayor for the government of this Citie were accordinge 
to thelde and usages in the tymes of the Saxones and 
danes before the conquest and yn the reignes of the 
normande Kinges after the Conquest, were named 
Prepositi withyn the Saxon tounge, or the Portagreves, 
named yn Englyshe portereves, who were officers yn 
those dayes of greate credyte and authoritie, as may 
appere by the common Lawes of the realme collected 
and publyshed by Kinge Canutue, as also by the 
Etymologic of the worde, which signifieth the Lordes or 
auncientes of any Citie or Towne. 

This opening may be compared with Izacke, pp. 1, 5, who 
has added a few side notes and other indications opposite to 
the portions that he extracted, and who based his memorials 
on this portion of Book 51 ; but it will only be possible to 
estimate the full extent of his indebtedness when the full text 
of Book 51 has been published. He has been freely charged 
with " plundering." 

The book contains abundant extracts from the Mayors' 
Court Rolls, which he calls " The Great Rolls " (/. 266, Izacke, 
p. 45). I expect it will be found that the references to public 
events are traceable to Holinshead and the Bout. 

A very cursory examination proves that there are a vast 
number of entries in this book that do not appear in Izacke, and 
(at least in opening portion) many entries in Izacke that do 
not appear in this Book, including the story of the 7 children 
at a birth on p. 17, the particulars as to the Lammas Fair 
(pp. 19, 20), and the twins on p. 42, the figures of the two 
crusaders in the Cathedral (p. 44), This noble's daughter Helen 



351 

(p. 51). The Latin document on p. 56, the note on Bishop 
Grandison (p. 57), do. on the completion of the cathedral 
(p. 58), do. Hugh Courtney's monument (p. 59), on the buildings 
of the Vicars Choral (p. 64), the flying man of Budleigh (p. 66), 
the election of James Gary as Bishop, Anno 1419 (/. 71), the 
Clock bell and the Silke Chambers (p. 93), the Charter of 
Nov. 7, 4 Elizabeth (p. 138), the notice of Gawen and Peter 
Carew (p. 134). 

/. 236. Here folowe the names of all and everie of the 
Kinges of England from the tyme of Kynge John, who 
died yn October, Anno 1216, untyll the tyme of the 
reigne of Quene Elizabethe, and of her yeres and the 
names of the Mayres and hedd officers in everie of 
the sayde severall Kinges tymes, together with a copieof 
all the Recordes of the Citie for and duringe those 
Kinges Reynes as be extant and remayninge. And 
here understande ye that from the tyme of the conqueste 
untyll the (1285-6) xiiijth yere of Kinge Edward the 
first there is extant one Roll of Recorde makinge a 
short mencion of the three yeres yn the tyme of Kinge 
Henry the third, viz., the (=1263, 1264, 1265) sclviijth, 
xlixth and 1th yeres of his Rayne, that is to say for 
(1066 -j- 217=1283) ccxvii yeres no Recordes remayninge 
but onely one, which whether it by the iniquitye of the 
tyme, the uncertentie of the goverment, cyvill warres 
intestine, Rebellyons or neglygence of officers, I refferr 
yt to others to thynke what they lyst. ffurther yn 
the ende of everye partyculer mayers yere there is 
subnected and wrytten a brieffe abstracte of some 
suche things as were donne yn that yere and especially 
yn these west parties. 

The following taken from the reign of Henry V will show 
the kind of interest taken by Hoker in the public events 
of the past, and these usually come in as a Memorandum at 
the end of the other entries for each year. None of which 
appear in Izacke. 

In Book 51, /. 2986, 1412-13, upon Trinite Sonday then 
folowenge the Henry the fourth was buryed at 
Canterbury. 

/. 299. In this Mayers yere (Peter Shorte, 1413), yn the 
yere 1413, the ii yeare of this Kinges reigne, yn Aprill 
was called a highe courte of parliament at Lecester 
Towne, there were iij billes putt yn. The first that 
the Temporall Landes geven to the Church and by 
the Churchemen and very disorderly - - might be 
seased yn to the Kinges handes for the increasing of 
nobilitie and meantinance of the Kinges honor and 
common welthe. The seconde was the Kinge havinge 
a just tytle to the Crowne of france shold make clayme 
thereunto. The third was that the Kinge sholde 
make an entrey yn to Scotlande and by conquest 



352 

unyte the same to the Crowne of England. The 
Duke of Excester takinge yn hande to speke unto the 
seconde byll, did so pithylye and wyselye handle and 
discourse the same that he prevayled and his judgement 
was allowed, and not longe after wanes were pro- 
claymed betwene England and ffraunce. The first 
byU was thought to be put yn by Sir John Oldcastle, 
then Lord Cobham, who was a folower of Wytcleff 
and an ernest professor of the Gosple and altogether 
enemye to the pope and all popishe Religion. For 
which cause the bishops and clergie did so maligne 
at him that they never cessed untyll they had gotten 
the mastrey of hym and condemned hym both of 
Treason and of heresyes, for the one he was hangued 
and for the other burned yn St. Giles field the xuijth of 
december, 1517 (sic). 

f. 2996, 1414. In this Mayers yere (Thomas Eston) the 
dolphyn of ffraunce sent an Embassade to the Kinge, 
who presented unto him yn scoff a Tunne of Tenys 
balls to play withall, which was taken yn greffe, and 
whereof folowed the warres yn ffraunce. 

/. 2996, 1415. This yere (Peter Strutt's) the Kinge passed 
over yn to ffraunce and took harfleur Towne yn 
normandie, where he apoynted the duke of Excester 
to remayn and be capteyn, and unto him he dyd ioyn 
and associate yn commyssion Thomas baron of Carew, 
a gentleman for his gravitie, wysdome and valyantnes 
myche commended. The foresaide Thomas Beauford, 
Erie of Dorsett, at a parliament holden atWestmynstere 
yn the iiijth (?) yere of the Kinges reign was made or 
created Duke of Excestre, who had assigned unto 
him yerely out of the Exchequer one thousandes 
poundes and xl. of the ferme of the Citie. 

/. 300, 1416. Md. that one John Roke, a greye ffrear, 
was accused for the carienge away of the wyff of one 
John parett and his gooddes and for his unchast lyff 
with her. Quoted from Rot., xxiii. 

/. 300, 1417. Md. that this yere upon the xiiijth yere 
(sic) of december, Sir John Oldcastle, Lord Cobham 
was by the tyranye of the Pope and his clergie hangued 
and burned in St. Giles ffeldes at London. 

/. 301, 1420. The duke of Excester yn the ende of this 
Mayers yere (John Batyn) layed siege to the greate 
Towne of Meaux yn ffraunce. 

For an extract, ff. 240, 241, relating to the transfer of the 
Magdalen Hospital to the city authorities by Bishop Brewer 
in 1244, see Lloyd Parry, p. 27. 

Book 52. A large folio volume bound in tooled leather 
with brass bosses and one clasp, the second being missing. 
The book has a double pagination, but the older one, which 



353 

numbers by folios, being near the margin of each leaf has been 
in many places cut away in the process of binding, the result 
being that the references to the pages given in S. Moore's 
Calendar are not always consistent, some being based on the 
earlier and some on the later numbering. 

Portions of the contents have been long since published. Eg. 

ff. 1-36. "The Description of the City of Exeter" 
was published in Hooker's lifetime, circ. 1583, and 
again by A. Brice in 1765. 

ff. 37-39. " The Antiquitie, foundacion and building of 
the Cathedral Churche of St. Peter in Excester " is in 
A. Brice, pp. 99-113, though not identical with it. 

ff. 41-55. The Grande Charter of the Cathedral Churche 
of St. Peter's in Exon, May 12, 2 Henry VIII (1510). 
Harte, pp. 102-153. 

ff. 89-96. " Lives of the Bishops of Exeter," printed in 

. The printed copy ends with John Wolton, 

"now living," who was Bishop from July 2nd, 1579, 
to March 13, 1594, but the copy in this volume includes 
Gervase Babington (Feb. 4, 1595, to Sept. 15, 1597), 
and Bishop William Coton, who " came to the Citie 
the 16th of May, 1599 " (/. 96). 

ff. 234-235. " The formes and manner of the parliaments 
of England." A short notice. Ending : " The order 
manner and form of the true keeping of the High 
Courte of Parliament is already sett forth by the author 
hereof in his Irishe Cronycles, Anno 1571," i.e. in 
Holinshead, ii, 121-129. It had been previously 
issued separately in 1572 ; and was republished 
in Turner's Tracts, i, 175-183. It is a translation of 
the " Modus Tenendi Parh" amentum," the Latin text 
of which was published by Sir Thos. D. Hardy in 1846 
and there is another English translation in Somers' 
Tracts, i, pp. 7-15. An altogether different version occurs 
in Book 60h ff. 12-19. Copies of both versions, i.e. from 
Book 52 and Book 60h in Hooker's handwriting, will 
be found also in a MS. in the College of Heralds (classed 
H.D.N., No. 41), described by Mr. C. Worthy in the 
Transactions of the Devon Association, July, 1882. 

ff. 4066 to 422. " The order and manner of the goverment 
of the Citie of Excester and of the officers of the same " 
is substantially on the same lines as the " Pamphlet of 
the Offices and Duties of every particular sworn officer 
of the Citie of .Excester," originally printed in 1584, 
forming pp. 159 to 192 in Part III of the "Antique 
Description and Account of the City of Exeter," 
published by A. Brice in 1765, in which Hooker 
frequently refers to the " Great Lieger Book " (p. 163), 
"the Black Lieger" (p. 165), "the Black Book or 
Lieger " (p. 168), " the Black Book " (pp. 176, 179, 181, 
183). See Book 51, ff. 155-193. 

Wt. 20757. Ex 23 



354 

Other extracts have been recently published by Rev. H. 
E. Reynolds, including the remarkable " Prefatory Epistle " 
addressed to "the right worshipfull grave and prudent the 
Mayor, Senators and Cominaltie of the auncient and honorable 
Citie of Excester," to whom " John Vowell alias Hooker, 
gentleman Chamberlain of the same Citie, wisheth a pros- 
perous goverment and happye successe in all felicitie." He 
wrote the volume, or as he says " reduced all into this lyeger 
booke " in his extreme old age, when " my sight waxeth 
Dymme, my hyringe very thycke, my speache imperfecte 
and my memory very feeble " (Harte, p. 4). This Preface 
with the Table of Contents is evidently prefixed to the body 
of the book as an addendum, and is not included in the 
pagination ; neither is it in the edition of 1765. In it he 
miscalculates a little in saying that he was " first Chosen 
to be your Chamberlaine about xlviij yeres past, Mr. John 
Mydwinter then beinge Mayor " (i.e. 1554-5), for we know 
that he was appointed Chamberlain on Sept. 21, 1555 (Oliver, 
242), 48 years from which date would bring him to A.D. 1603, 
whereas he was certainly dead by Sept. 15, 1601, on which 
day he was spoken of as "deceased." (Introduction, p. 1.) 

On the front page is a picture of Queen Elizabeth, " Eliza 
Triumphans," with the royal arms, those of Exeter City and 
diocese and of Vowel alias Hoker, with his motto " Postmortem 
vita."* On the reverse side of this frontispiece is an engraving 
of Queen Elizabeth, " Eliza Triumphans," signed Gulielmus 
Rogerus, sculp., Anno 1592(?). 

On /. 40 is a coloured picture of the arms of the Cathedral 
dignitaries, i.e. the Bishop, Dean, Chancellor, Chaunter and 
Treasurer, the quartering of the Bishop being left blank, but 
filled in the Cathedral MS. 3,530 (printed by Reynolds), with 
the arms of Gervase Babington, who was Bishop from Feb. 4, 
1595, to Sept. 15, 1597. 

The contents of the volume are indicated in S. Moore's 
Calendar with unusual fulness, but these headings need not 
now be reproduced, as the full text of the volume is now 
being printed in extenso. The first instalment (ff. 1-89) was 
published by Professor W. J. Harte in 1911, and the work 
is being continued by the Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 
Parts VI XI, &c. 

Book 53. Izacke's Memorials of the City of Exeter. A 
large folio volume of paper bound in morocco, the binding 
being similar to that of Book 51. This is the MS. of the 
volume printed in 1677, described by T. N. Brushfield, 
Richard Izacke and his Antiquities of Exeter, p. 100 in 
Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 1893. It is entitled : 
A Memoryall of sundry of the Chiefest Officers within the 

* This motto occurs in Holinshead, ii, 108, 183, also as that of William 
Bradbridge, who was Bishop of Exeter from March 1, 1571, to June 27, 1578, 
in Izacke Catalogue, 



355 

Cittie of Exeter in a continued series or succession of tyme 
from the 2nd yeare of the Raigne of Kinge John, Anno Dom. 
1200, to the 17th yeare of the Raigne of Kinge Charles the 2nd, 
Anno Dom. 1665. It has same emblazonments of the arms 
of the City as hi Frontispiece to the printed edition, with 
description of the details, also arms of the Bishops and 
Charitable Benefactors of the City. It begins with a quotation 
from Cicero : Historia est lux veritatis, testis temporis, vitce 
magistra aut memoria ac nuncia vetustatis. The Dedication, 
dated January 23rd, 1665, is addressed to the right worshipful! 
Nicholas Izacke, Esquire (his brother, who died in 1678), 
Maior of the Auncyent and famous Citty of Exeter, the 
Aldermen his brethren and the rest of the Comon Councell 
of the said Cittie, and is signed : Yo most humble servant 
and Chamberlayne, Richard Izacke. In this Dedication he 
says : " Well consideringe with myself e of those fayre 
precedentes that still lye before me, chiefly the indefatigable 
labours of my primifide [? primited] predecessor in this place 
and office, the learned Mr. John Hooker, whose workes bespeake 
him famous within our Gates." On the front page is an 
incomplete list of the names of the several streets and lanes 
within the said City, arranged under East, West, North and 
South. 

The Introduction (3 ff.} begins : "This Citty is pleasantly 
seated," and ends : " And ye God of peace bee evermore 
with us and blesse us," differing very considerably from the 
Prooemium in the edition of 1724. 

ff. 1-60. Memorials of the said City from A.D. 1200 
(Henry Rifford, Mayor) to A.D. 1676 (William Glyde, 
Mayor), ending with the consecration of Bishop Thomas 
Lamplugh, Oct. 3, 1676, "by Gilbert, Lord Archbishop 
of Canterbury, consecrated thereunto." 
/. 71. Extracts from Inquisitions 4 Edward VI. 
ff. 716-75. Composition betweene the Byschoppe, Dean 
and Chapter and the Citty for inclosinge of the church- 
yard and buildinge upp of gates in the same, A.D. 1286, 
with the grant of the Mayor, the composition of 
14 Edward III (1340), the Letters Patent of Nov. 7th 
(sic) 4 Elizabeth (^Charter XXXVIII). The com- 
position with John Abbot of Sherburne de passagio 
aquce de Cheekston, 52 Henry III, 1267. 
ff. 71-80. A Catalogue of the Sheriffs of the Countie of 
Devon, " with their severall Coates of Armory described," 
from 1 Henry II to 2 William and Mary. 
/. 82. The Petition of the City, dated 10 July, 
1 Henry VIII, with the names of the Mayor, John 
Lympeny (sic) and 23 (sic) of the Council. (See 
Charter XXX.) 

ff. 84-107. Lists of Recorders, Shereeves, Receivers, 
Chamberlayns, Swordbearers and Byschoppes of 
Exeter, 



356 

ff. 110, 111. The Tytles of the severall Corporations 
within the said Citty [as hi Edition 1724, pp. 64-68]. 

ff. 114-119. A perfect Catalogue of all the Byshopps of 
this church .... respective buryalls [as in Edition 
1724], preceded by arms of the see of Exeter impaled 
with those of Bishop Anthony Sparrow, with whom 
the Catalogue closes though the names of Thomas 
Lamplugh and Jonathan Trelawny are added without 
any dates or further particulars. 

ff. 122-157. A perfect Catalogue of the names and 
guiftes of all such worthy benefactors as by their 
last Willes and Testaments or otherwise have given 
lands, rents, annuities or monies for and towardes 
the reliefe of the poor within the Citty and County of 
Exeter [very full 113 names with an account of 
each]. Begins : " William Fitzralph, an Inhabitant 
and . a good member of this Citty." Ends with 
Stephen Olivean (will dated 2nd May, 20 Charles II, 
1668). 

ff. 176-179. Certayne orders for the reforminge of divers 
abuses in reference to the Term Celles, the AJmeshouses 
without the East Gate founded by Mr. William Hurst. 
Ends with : "A Table or Index of the most remarkable 
thinges contayned in this booke," both of subjects and 
persons (with their arms), adding : " Jucunda est 
prceteritorum Idborum memoria. An Index is a necessary 
implement and not inexpedient of a Booke except in 
the same sence wherein ye carriages of an Army are 
termed impedimenta. Without this a large Author 
is but a Labarynth without a clue to direct ye Reader 
therein, ffuller's Worthies of England, fol. 256." 

ff. 245, 246. Ordinance for the King's Beam used for 
the true and just weighinge of wares and merchandizes 
in Exeter. 12 Charles I (1636) 

ff. 2466-249. Orders for the regulatinge of the Common 
Hall, commonly called the Merchants Hall, and for 
the goods to be brought to the same to bee bought or 
solde, 22 Charles I, 1646, with a table of rates for 
tallage. See page 84 [30]. 

The last note=Ao^a /novw TO> Oea>. 



Book 54. Richard Crossing's History of Exeter, A.D. 1681. 
A long folio volume bound in calf. Mr. Stuart Moore adds 
that " it contains principally the History of Charitable 
Benefactions to the City and appears to be an abbreviation 
of Izacke's History. Whether it contains any information 
not to be found in Hoker or Izacke has not been ascertained." 
It is entitled : A Catalogue or particular of .the Antiquities &c. 
Special Remarkes of the Cittie and Chamber of the Cittie of 
Exon by Richard Crossing, sometime a member of the sayd 
Chamber, 1681. [He was a bailiff in 1632, Receiver in 1646, 



357 

Sheriff in 1647, and was elected Mayor in 1649.] The book 
has never been published. It contains : 

ff. 1-26. A Catalogue of Benefactors similar to Book 53, 
ff. 122-157, but not so full. 

ff. 31-45. A Table or Catalogue of all the Mayors from 
1216. Similar to Izacke's Annals, f. 83, but much 
condensed, and to some extent independent. Under 
1648-9 (/. 44) 'he enters: "A most sadd time. The 
King was cruelly putt to death." Under 1649 (/. 44) : 
"In regard that Richard Crossinge, who was elected 
Maior, refused to serve in the sayd office because the 
Kingly Government was then by armed violence 
obstructed." 

ff. 53-61. The names of the worthy Benefactors also 
ff. 71, 72. 

ff. 87-126. Observations and Collections taken out of a 
booke att first written by John Vowell, gent., alias 
Hoker, and since transcribed and now kept in the 
Chamber of the Cittie of Exon. Hereunto are added 
certain other observations and Collections from other 
Authors and Manuscripts by Richard Crossinge, a 
member of the said Chamber. It includes (/. 96) 
Ordinances under the Charter of Orphants (sic), for 
1 February 3 Elizabeth, the revenues of the Bishop of 
Exeter =638Z. 16s. Ifd. (sic) [which seems to indicate 
a reference to Book 52, /. 98, where the figures are 
2,638Z. 16s. IJd.], and the rents of the Cathedral = 
1,887?. 16s. 8d. 

f. 45, s.a. [1666]. The 2nd Septemb., 1666, neere the 
expiration of Nicholas Isaac's maioralty, 5 partes of 
the Cittie of London within the Walles were destroyed 
by a most dreadfull fire and more was burned without the 
walls of London then was left standing within. Of 97 
churches, only 11 stood unburnt, the fire did eate 
into stones and devoured Iron barrs. The ashes were 
blowen above 20 miles. Never was the hand of God 
more visible. The losse was inestimable and incom- 
prehensible. 

Anno 1667, Thomas Walker, Mayor. He was knighted 
by the King uppon the presentinge an Addresse. 

Anno 1670, Benjamin Oliver, Mayor. Do. do. by the 
King, who came to this Cittie the 23rd of July from 
Dartmouth, and parted very early the next morning. 

Anno 1676 (sic), John Parre, Mayor. In his yeare att 
least 600 houses were burned in London and Southwark, 
the suburbes of London, and the new Channel was cutt 
to bring up vessels neerer to Exon. 

Book 54 (a). Risdon's Devon (pencilled). This volume 
is not entered in the Calendar. It is entitled " The Ciro- 
graphicall discription or decines of the County of Devon 



358 

with the Citty and County of Exeter, contayninge matter of 
History, Antiquitie, Cronologie, The Nature of the County, 
Comodities and Goverment thereof, with sundry other 
things worthy observation collected by the Travell of 
T.R. of Winscott, gent., for the love of his country and 
countrymen hi that Province." A paper volume of 194 pp., 
vellum covers, with flap. 

Book 55. The Freeman's Book. A large folio book of 
238 leaves of paper finely bound hi pigskin, with brass bosses. 
It contains (ff. 1-37) a repertory of deeds enrolled in the 
Mayor's Court Rolls, from 50 Henry III (1265) to 11 Richard II 
(1387). The rest of the volume is filled with Miscellaneous 
Memoranda in various hands and of various dates from 
Edward IV to Charles I. There are copies of documents, 
enrolments of orders of the Council, Freemen's lists &c., 
Copies of Royal Letters, deeds, compositions, with many 
notes of passing events by Hooker. This volume might be 
named " The Freeman's Book." It contains chiefly lists of 
persons admitted to the freedom of the City from 5 Henry V 
(12 names) running on with broken intervals throughout the 
volume till 1696 or to 13 Elizabeth (/. 131), ending with a long 
list of apprentices (ff. 220-222) in a later hand. 

In D. 9476, Feb. 7, 1379, is a notification that the Mayor, 
Bailiffs and Commonalty of Exeter have admitted John 
Bonde to the freedom of the said City, that he may enjoy 
and use the liberties granted to them in these words, reciting 
Letters Patent of Dec. 5, 1378 [i.e. Charter No. XXII]. 

The following are some samples of the contents of this 
volume : 

ff. 1-37. Repertorium testamentorum, finium et omn' 
Aliorum memorandor' in Rotulis Civitatis Exon. 
inventor' In a 15th century hand, begins : DC. Anno 
Regis Henrici t'cii 1 [not 5, as in Calendar]. Et md. 
quod ab isto anno quinquagesimo regis Henrici t'cii 
usq' Annu. quinto decimu. Regis E fil' Regis Henrici 
nichil invent' ad effectum neg' in dco. anno quinto decimo. 
D anno XV Regis E fil Regis h. (1321 added in a 16th 

century hand.) 
R. xiiii . Testamentum Walti de Padeslo in quo 

continet' &c. 
R. xxii. Testamentum Rici atte Stapele in quo 

continet' &c. 
R. xxx. final' Ooncordia Int. Walt'um Godwyne, 

quer et Ricum le Spicer et Elenam ux' ejus deforc'. 
R. xxxvi . final' Concordia Int.' Mariotam que fuit ux' 
Johis de Bristowe quer et Robertum de Galmetm. et 
Mariota. ux' ejus deforc'. 

R. xxxvi . final' Concordia Int' Willm. de Venella et Juliam 
ux' ejus quer' et Willm. Crodel et xpiam ux' ejus deforc'. 
In isto Rotulo Anuali continent' xlix. Rotuli. 



359 

Similar entries succeed each other, recording similar extracts 
in the same hand till 11 Richard II, when it finishes abruptly 
with the usual entry : In isto Rotulo anuali continentur Ivi. 
rotuli ; thus forming a valuable though very inadequate 
key to some of the contents of the Mayors' Court Rolls from 
1321 to 1387, all of which with a few exceptions are still 
preserved in full in the Guildhall. 

/. 1. Anno 17 Ed. I. M d . qd. in cur' tent die lune 
px. post fm. sci. Gregorii p'pe a. supradicto Wills' de 
Harecomb Balls, dni Epi. Exon' de feodo Sci. Stephi 
et Magr. Werman lib homo ejus Epi. de feodo p'dcto. 
cur' p'dcti. Epi. de Rico de lenne tanquam de libo. 
tenente eiusdem Epi. de feodo p'dcto sp'ere deb'. 
Et fuit ad sectam &c. 

/. 39. A description of Henry VI's coming to the City 
[i.e. in 1452], in Hooker's handwriting. It begins : 
Henry the syxthe, the sone of Harry the fyvethe and 
quene Katheren his wyffe, daughter to the ffrenshe 
kynge, and borne at Wyndsore aboute the feaste of 
Saynt Nycholas, succeeded his father in this Realme, 
dyinge in Normandy the last day of August, and after 
in the feaste of S. Leonardo the yere of our Lord 1429 
and the viijth yere of his Raynge and the viij yere 
and one moneth of his age, was crowned at Westmynster. 
And after about the feaste of the Conception of our 
Ladye in the yere of God 1431, and the 10th yere of his 
raynge, he was crowned Kinge of fraunce at parys. 
And in the moneth of february folowinge he returned 
into engelande and further in the 24th yere of his raynge 
he maried Lady Margaret, daughter of the Duke of 
Andioye, who by tytle was called Kynge of Cicilie 
and Jherusalem, but not in possessyon for the (?) 
in the (?). After the feaste of S. Trinitie, Anno 1445, 
was crowned quene of England at Westmynster After 
that tyme the saide Kynge Henry the Vlth, perusing 
and searching diverse parts of the Realme, came into 
Devon and lay the fyrst nighte at the Abbey of fforde, 
and from thenst came to S. Mary Otrey, and lay there 
ij nights, and from thence to this Cittie of Exester. 
The passage then follows generally the account in 
Book 52, /. 308&, corresponding with Izacke, p. 81, 
and ends : This was fownde wryten in the Latyn 
tonge on a olde parchement book and translated and 
wryten into this booke by John Vowel alias Hoker, 
Chamberlyne of this Citie, mense Octobris, Anno 
1558. 

ff. 44, 45. The copie of the blacke rolle by which the 
Bysshop claymith his ffee to be in the Citie of Exon 
and the suburbes of the same called St. Stephens fee, 
and made in the 13tn yere of Henry the 4th or rather 
Edward the 4th. 



360 

ff. 49-55. The names of the freemen of Exeter drawn 
up 13 Edward IV (1472). Richard Clark mayor= 
Noia liber' horn' civitat' Exon p'squentia (=in presentia, 
see f. 526). Rici Clerk, maiore, facta, Anno, regis E. 
iiij". xiij., mostly with side note " mort' " continued 
with subsequent additions to 3 Richard III, nuper regis 
Angliae. 
/. 556. Bond for 2,000?. by the Bishop and Chapter, 

Dec. 12, 27 Henry VI. 

/. 566. Acta hit', et fact', tepe. Hugd. Germa'. hie maior, 
anno R. E. iiij fci . xiiij (1473), i.e. Oath of the Comyn 
Clerke. Begins : Ye shell suer thath (sic) ye shalbe 
trew to the Kyng E. (with Henry written above), 
Kyng of England, &c. Ends : Item al olde poynts 
and articles tochyng the office of the comyn clerke 
of thes (sic) said Cite after the olde custumes of this 
said Cite ye shall kepe and fullfyll yn your behalfe, so 
God you helpe and your holidame and by thath (sic) 
boke. 

Also the oath of the common attorny, includes : 
Also all suche evydences, charters, escrypts and muny- 
ments as heirafter schall come to yowr hands ye schall 
see them savely and secretly kepte and to redelyu' 
(=redeliver) them agayn &c. So gode yow helpe and 
the holy contents of this boke. 
/. 57. The oath of the sward berer. 
ff. 576-70. Acta habita tempore J. Attwyll, tune majoris, 
Anno. 1, R. Ill (1479), i.e. names of 13 admiss' in 
libertate, with payments varying from 20<s. to 26s. 8d. 
Also 1 Henry VII, when Robert Russell is mayor, 
2 Henry VII (Robert Newton), 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Henry VII 
(including three final Concords and the will of Thomas 
Calwodley), 9, 10 Henry VII (with one final concord 
and the will of John Bonvyle de - armig'), with 
corrections in Hooker's handwriting pointing to the 
beginning of his method of keeping his Annals. 

Also 11-20 Henry VII (with here folowith the titill 
and the ground whereby the Mayor and Sherevys of 
London clayme to have the custum and Scavage, al. 
Savagage, of the Inhabitants of Exceter (/. 68), see 
Book 51, /. 36. 

ff. 716, 72. Indenture 12 December, 27 Henry VI, 
betwene Edmund Lucy, Bishop of Excet' and the 
Mayor &c. Witnesseth that whereas debates contra 
&c. . . . and discordes &c. ... by meane and 
mediacion of Thomas Courtenay, Erie of Devonshir, 
and of William Bonvile &c. [Printed in Shillingford, 
pp. 136-140.] 

/. 73. Here folowith the Copy of the fee of Seynt Sidwyll, 
with note (sic) Est yeate of the Citie of Excester sepaU 
from the Citie forsaid, and also from the manor of 



361 

Dureyurd. Copia parliament de Concordia int. 
decanu . et capitulum et maiorem et conbatem. Exon. 
Begins : Also prayn the Gives, that forasmoche as of 
long time past &c. 4 May, 14 Henry [? VI]. 

/. 75. Omnibus Xti. fidelibus Peter [Quivill], Bishop of 
Exeter and the Dean and Chapter. Whereas the Citizens 
of Exeter, with assent of Edward [I], King of England, 
Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, have granted to us &c. 
Monday next after Feast of Annunciation, 1286. 

/. 756. Walter [Stapleton], Bishop of Exeter. Friday 
after Feast of St. Hilary, 15 Edw. fil. regis Edwardi 
[i.e. 15 Edward II, 1322]. 

f. 78. The copy of the Quo Waranto. 3 February, 
39 Edward [III], i.e. 1366. 

/. 79. Transcriptio carte de ffontibus fact' fratribus 
p'dicatoribus Exon, by Peter Warner and Isabella his 
wife (super donacione trium foncium). Witnesseth 
by a notary, 1303. 

/. 796. Carta fact' petro Sturto et Johanni Lake et 
civibus c its . Exon' de octo seldis jac' in vico voc' 
pruststret. 1 December, 6 Henry V (1418). 

/. 80. Cart' int' Civitatem et monachos de Cowyk. 

/. 81 (24 September, 22 Henry VII (1506)). Seventeen 
names of freemen, including Richard Huet, maior, 
John Lympynd, hoc anno Receptor. 

/. 82. 14 August, 22 Henry VII (1507). Names of 
soldiers nominat' p'. John Carewe, knight=20 bowes 
and 15 Billes, also 6 Bowes and 23 Billes. 

ff. 83-92. Names of freemen. 21 Henry VII ; 2, 3 
Henry VEII to 31 Henry VIII; 5, 6 Edward VI; 
1 Mary. 

/. 89. Md. that this present yere (23 Henry VIII, 1 531-32) 
a lytell before Cristmasse their wasse one Thomas 
Benet y* dwellyd yn the bocherow wasse arestyd by 
Mr. Mayor for herysey, and he wasse boren at 
Cambryge and he wasse condemnyd by the Clargey to be 
burnyd for his oppynyons the xv day of December, 
the yere abow writtyn [i.e. 1531], and so he remanyd 
yn the byschopp prison untyll the 10th day of January 
[1532], that he wasse delyv'yd by Chaunsell of the 
Churche to S. Thomas Denys, knyth, then sheryff of 
Deuonscher, and he wold have burnyd the same 
herytycke yn Southynghay, and they had brogth wode 
and put uppe a poste, but he wasse compellyd by 
Mr. Maior and others to remove away the post and 
wode and so burnyd the herytycke at Lyv'doll, where 
the place of execucion for the seryff is accustumyd to be 
hade. [See Izacke, p. 116.] 

/. 89. The will of Robert Hoker, father of John Hooker 
the Chamberlain. The will is hi English and is dated 
August, 1534. Extracted from Eot. v, 30 Henry VIII 



362 

(1538-9). The paper, which is very stout, shows a 
unicorn's head as a watermark. 

/. 101. A Copy of the Rate of Blackwyll Hall [i.e., 
Blackwellhall in London] uppon lynnyng cloyth and 
wollen cloyth. 

/. 102. The Copy of the Will and testment of John 
Hurst, Citizen and Merchaunt of Exeter. In English, 
dated 16 November, 1552. 

/. 104. A Copie of the entries made in the Councell 
booke touchyng the Mayor and Comynaltie of Exet'. 
Att Hampton Courte, 16 May, 1555. 
/. 105. This yere (1552-53) died King Edward the syxthe, 
being the yere of our Lorde 1553, about the xxth of 
July, and forthwith was one Lady Jane, wyffe to the 
Lorde Guylforde Dudley and daughter to the Duke of 
Suffolk, proclaimed Quene of Englande, but being 
verie shortlye after deposed the trewe and right 
inheritor, Lady Mary, daughter to King Henrye the 
VIII, was proclaimed quene of Englande. [Izacke, 
p. 126.] 

/. 106. M d . that hi this yere one the xxiij of July, 1554, 
Kyng Philip, prynce of Spayne, and sone to the most 
famose Emperor Charell the Vth, he landed at Hampton, 
and being there honorablie receved by the Erie of 
penbroke, who then presented unto him the golden 
garter and conveighed him from thenst to Wynchester, 
where the Quenes Majestic dyd abyde his comynge 
and one the morow being the xxiiijth of July the (sic) 
were bothe openly and solemply maried in S. Swythens 
Church of Wynchester. 
/. 106. A Copie of the purchase of the Chauntery upon 

Exbridge. 1 June, 7 Edward VI [1553]. 
/. 1066. William Staplehill and Griffyn Ameredith's 
charges upon the suite of Church plate. Also two 
letters, proclamation of Queen Mary, &c. : 

Chargis payd yn London and att the Courte before 
the Kyng and Quenes Majesties Councell ffor the 
Ceties affayrs by Walter Staplehill and Griffyn 
Ameredyth att Ester Terme uppon the suyte of 
churche plate, A no . regnor Philip et Marie, Regis 
and Regine, p'mo. and scdo. 

In p'mis. payd to my lord Tresorers secretory to p'ferr 
the suyte . . . . . . . . . . xxs. 

Itm. to his porter for lettyng us yn and other his 
paynys . . . . . . . . . . ii$. 

Itm. to Sir John Pollerd, knyght, for the optaynyng 
of oure Request wrought by my lord of 
Penbroke . . . . . . . . . . xx/t. 

Itm. to my lord of Penbroke's servaunts nyest aboute 
hym to by every of them a gyldyng by Sir John 
Pollards assigment . . . . . . . . viuli. 



363 

Itm. to the iii Clerks of the Councell att the begynnyng 
of our sute to have us yn Remembrance, And to 
helpe us yn the same . . . . . . vili. 

Itm. to my lord Chauncellours secretorye to be a 
meene to his M. ffor the optaynyng his good will 
yn our sute . . . . . . . . . . wili. 

Itm. to Mr. Secretory Peters, clerke for Remembryng 
ther M., and p'ferryng our suyte . . . . xxs. 

Itm. to my lord AdmyrelPs Secretorie for the lyke 
to his M. . . . . . . . . . . xxs. 

Itm. to one of M. Bassetts servaints for the optayn- 
yng of his master's good wille yn oure suyte . . xs. 

Itm. to a man for hemself and his horse to Ride to 
M. Cotton beside hampton for our obligacion iiiis. 

Itm. to the keps. of the Councel Chamber dore vs. 

Itm. to M. Peckam is clerks for searchynge his 
office for oure obligacion . . . . . . xxs. 

Itm. to the Clerks of th excheker and ther servaints 
to searche ther office for oure obligacion xliis. 

Itm. to M. Marde for his paynes to come to london 
and to searche his office yn the Tower for oure 
obligacion . . . . . . . . . . xxs. 

Itm. to M. Wye of the Temple for drawynge oure 
supplycacion and twyse engrossynge the same 
to the Councell and also to my lord of 
penbroke . . . . . . . . . . xxs. 

Itm. to the 111 Clerks of the Councell att the 
det'mynacion of our suyt for the entryng our 
decree and for a copie of the same . . xls. 

*Itm. for oure owne chargs and expencs. for xxxiii 
days, that is to say ffrome the xxvith day of 
Aprell unto the xxixth of May last past att 
vis. viiic?. the day for oure selffs, our s'vnts and 
oure horses durynge that tyme . . . . xxiifo'. 

Itm. yn mony gevyn us for our paynes yn the 
p'mysses by M. Mayor and his Brethern . . iiiiK. 

Marginal note (a). Nota this xxvifo'. is alloyd to 
the seid Griifyn upon his buoke of Chargs and 
expensis uppon his accompt for the Cetie. 

Sm a . To*, expens. =xlixK. iiis. The Accompt 

apperith in the next side. 

/. 1076, 16 May, 6 Edward VI (1552). The Commission 
for the survey of the Church goods within the Countie 
of the Cetie of Exeter, with Instructions dated 10 June, 
6 Edward VI (1552). Printed hi Surrey Archaeological 
Collections, vol. iv, p. 190 (1869). 

/. 109. Copy of a letter frome the Counsell to the Byshops 
Gustos Rotulorum and the under officers for the 
delyv'e of suche ynvitories as they have of Churche 

* This and the following paragraph are struck through with the pen and 
marginal note (a) inserted. 



364 

goods to be delyv'ed to the Corny ssioners before- 
named : 

After oure hartye comendacion. Where as the 
Kyng's Maiestie uppon dyvers complaynts made 
of the greate waste, imbesylyngs and aUenatyngs 
of the belles, plate, Jeweles and ornaments belongyng 
to the parishe churches and chapells of all parts of 
the realme hath for stay and remedy therof 
addressed ffourth hys Majesties commissions unto 
all parts of thys Realme . . . for as myche as the 
Invitories heretofore made by order frome hys 
Maiestie of all the said plate, jeweles, bells and 
ornaments within that hys heignes Cetie of Exeter 
wear appoynted to Remayn with you, the syght 
of whyche Invitories shalbe very necessarie for 
the Execution of suche order as ys nowe appoynted 
to be taken for a more sewer stay of the said goods. 
Hys Maiesties said pleasure ys that Immedyately 
uppon the sight of these oure letters you shall 
delyver or cause to be delyvered to hys maiesties 
said commyssioners presently appoynted for thys 
mater in the said countie all such Invitories touchyng 
the p'mysses as remayne in your custodye or that 
you may by any goode meanes combe by. And 
beside that hys maiesties ffurther pleasure ys that 
in case any of the said Invitories hertofore 
remaynyng with you or in the custody of any 
others before you in that office have ben by 
any meanes delyvered ffrome you or them or any 
others that in that case you shall sygnyfie to the 
said Comyssioners to whome or for what cause 
your said Invitories have ben so delyvered, and 
besyde geve suche further Instruccon as you 
knowe and may p've to the knowlege of the 
trouth. And the good ffurtherance of thys hys 
maiesties Commyssion in all thyngs to be Requyred 
of you whereof wee requyre you not to fayle. From 
Westminster, the laste of Aprell. 

Your lovyng ffrendes, 

(Blank). 
Wynchyster. 
Bedford. 

T. Desdy (? Darcsey). 
John Bat. 

William Peter. 

The names of the ) William Dessell. 
Counsell Robert Downs. 

\ Richard Cotton. 



365 

A letter frome the Counsell to the Comyssioners before 
named as well sertyfiyng the Cathedrall Churche 
to be within the countie of the Cetie of Exeter, as 
any other churche within the same Cetie and other 
maters twechyng one person as therin apperith. 
After oure very hartye comendacions, We have 
Receved your letter addressed unto me, Secretarye 
Cecill, whereby we do perceive as well your stay 
frome procydyng to the survey of the Cathedrall 
Churche ther of Exeter, because the same ys not 
expressely named yn your commyssion, as also the 
lewde behavyour of Water Hele, vycar of Erpylpyn 
(? Epplepyn), whos unquyet sorte of p'echyng wee 
have at good length sene by the artycles sent 
within your letters. And for as myche as the said 
helys doing tendith not only to the dyturbence 
of trewe Relegion, but twecchith also as we take yt 
the Kyng's maiesties estate and policie of hys 
Realm wee pray you the bysshopp of Exeter 
for the furste poynt to cause thys vycar to be 
throughly examyned, and when ye shall finde 
hym to have swerved in matters of Religion from 
the Kyng's Maiestie p'cidyngs in that behalf e 
establysed, ye shall cause hym either openly to 
Recante the same in the places where he hath 
before so preched or taught or ells yf he Refuse so 
to do then take order for his ponyshement in suche 
ordynarie sorte as in leke cases by the ecclesiastycall 
lawes is ordered and provided. As for that parte 
of hys lewde dealyngs that twecchith the Kyng's 
Maiesties estate and pollice of hys Realme, We 
pray you calleng to you suche other gentylmen 
therabouts beyng Justics of peace as ye shall 
thynke moste metest for thys purpose to consider 
and way the mater substancially and singnyfie 
unto us your oppinyons therin what waight and 
Importaunce ye shall thynke the same to be of, to 
thende we maye geve suche order for the pun- 
nysshement of the defaulte as to justice shall 
apptayne Twacchyng the estate of your survey 
of the Cathedrall Churche the leke as we knowe 
that the [blank] of your Comyssion doyth 
sufficiently beer you to procide with the same 
Churche as ye have don with other within your 
circuyt. So do we pray you withoute any longer 
staye to goo throughly with the survey of the 
said Cathedrall Churche as appartayneth where- 
unto (sic) albeit the Kyng's maieste taketh hys 
comyssion to be sufficient enowgh and so ment of 
his maiestie yet hath hys maiestie wylled us to 
syngnyfie unto you that hys pleasure ys notwith- 



366 

standyng any scruple moved in your Commyssion 
that you shall procide therin as in all other churches 
ye be p'sscribed. And so we pray you to do and 
bed you hartely fayerwell, frome tichefild, the 
xiiij th of Auguste. 

Your loving f rends (blank). 
The names of the Counsell 

Wynchester. Bedford. Suffolk. 
T. Darsey. Chayne. W. Cecill. 

Side note. Directed our very good lords and ffrendes 
the Bishopp of Exeter and the rest of the Com- 
yssioners for the Survey of Churche goods withyn 
that Cetie. This lettre was received by me, 
Myles, byshop, 27 Aug., Anno. 6 Ed. 6 [1553]. 
A copy of a letter directed to the Mayore of Exeter 
and Aldermen and all other the Quenes Majesties 
subiects of her Cetie of Exeter : 
After oure harty comendacons. Whereas thoppor- 
tunytie of so good a tyme as nowe is offerid unto 
us by Reson of certayne dificulties and letts where- 
with all we were forcyd to bere for a season was no 
Rather mynystred unto us to proclayme oure 
Souvrayne lady and maystres Quene Mary Quene 
of this Realme of France and Ireland &c., you shall 
understond that by the helpe of god the worker 
and brynger forth of all good purposes in ther due 
tyme, We dyd yesterday here yn london with 
thyncredible joye of all her majesties subiects 
here proclayme her hyghnes Quene of England 
and Irelond in such forme as by the proclamacion 
sent to you herewith maye appeare unto you the 
which proclamacion lyke as wee have dispeched 
with oure letters to be proclamed in all thother 
partes of the Realme so have wee also sent the 
same to you, praying and chargyng you in her 
majesties name nott only to cause the same 
ymmediately after the receypt herof to be pro- 
clamed in all the accustomyd places withyn that 
Countie, but also to see her majesties peace, good 
order and quyet to be observyd in those parts and 
her highnes subiects ther to be conteynyd hi office 
in ther due obedience to her majestic. And thus 
fare you hartely well, ffrome the Quenes majesties 
Cetie of London, the xxth of July, 1553, 1551, (q.v.). 
Your assurid lovyng ff rends, 
T. Cant., T. Ely. 

J. Bedford, F. Shrewesbury, Penbroke. 
Richard Cotton, W. Sevill, Jo. Bakere. 
Edward North, Jo. Mason, Robt. Bayne. 
/. 110. Mary the Quene. The Copy of the letter seynt 
by the Quene majestic Mary to Sir Thomas Denys and 



367 

Peter Carewe and Gawen Carewe and John of Sellynger, 
Artor. Champnon Knyghts, Antony Harvy, John 
Chechister, John Rydgeway, John P'diaeux, Esquers : 
By the Quene. Trusty and Right Welbelovid, Wee 
gryt you well and your letter addressid hether per- 
ceve your delygens, your ffaythfulnys and true harts 
Reddy to serve and to have defendid us ayenst our 
Traytors and Rebells, who nowe God be thankid are 
under ffete and the chiff therof as the Duke of 
Northumblond and others admyttid to Warde yn 
oure Toure of london and other prisons. Wherfore 
as ye have well deservyd wee geve you and all our 
good subiects yn your company oure Right thanks, 
myndyng to consider the same to your comforte, 
Requeryng and praying you all this troble now 
beyng overlayde to desire oure seid subiects yn 
God's peace and oure to repayre home to ther 
dwellyng places and ther to remayne till We shall 
nyde ther ffurther servys wth continyall prayer to 
God for his grace to preserve us and the commyng 
(sic) Welth to his glory. Yevyn under oure Synett 
(sic) att oure Towne of Colchester, the fiyrst yer 
of oure Reigne. 

/. 112. The Copye of the graunte for the manor of 
Topsham to Peter Smyth, gent., 8 December, 
6 Edward VI. 

/. 1136. s.a. 1557-8. John Peter, Mayor. Mem. that 
one the xxviith of September, 1559, in the first yere of 
the raynge of our sovereinge Quene Elysabethe, the 
Citie of Exon was measured rownd about the walls 
without syde and it conteineth in compasse xvi c passes, 
everie passe conteininge fyve foote which in the whoale 
after 1 M. passes at a myle conteyngneth a myle and 
halfe and l c . passes. 

/. 113. A Copye of the Quenes Majesties wryte and 
proclamation [dated 21 September, 2 Elizabeth], 
directed to the Mayor and Shrefe of the Citie of Exeter, 
and received the 26 daye of September, Anno dni. 1560, 
and proclamed the 28th day of the same moneth, being 
Saterday, betwene (sic) the howers of ix and x of the 
same day before nowne, for reform of the currency and 
for the reformation of such abuses as be thowght 
hurtfull to the common weall of this her Realm. Nothing 
is so grevous as the sufferaunce of the Base Monyes 
being of dyvers Standers and myxtures to be so 
aboundantly currante within this Real me, which have 
ben coyned in the same before her Majesties Raygne 
and no parte synce. 

ff. 1316-135. The description of the Citie of Exon made, 
collected and done by John Vowell alias Hoker, Cham- 
berlayn of the said Citie, 1 Elizabeth, 1559 f 



368 

jins : Excester or Excetre is a famous Citie, 
being the metropole or cheffe in the West partes of 
Englande. Ends : Unfayned care of the comon welthe. 
So be it. Per me, Johan Vowell alias Hoker, 
camerarium civitatis Exon. 

These verses folowinge ar appoynted to be imprinted 
in the plate and historic of this Citie above saide : 
Of my fyrst ground the certeyntie 
Is worn out through antyquytie. 
Caerrn the brytones called me, 
Monketon, Saxons dyd me name. 
But last of the ryver Esse, 
Esseter to name was given me. 
Syxe tymes beseged mightily, 
Myn enemyes estes I put to shame. 
/. 1356. Exylond. A note of the reparacyons done 
uppon Calluberr and propere weaves and the mylle 
leatte. Anno 5 Edward VI ; 13 Elizabeth. 
/. 137. An Acte of parlament for the pavinge of the 
streetes within the Citie of Excester yn the tyme of 
Kyng Edward the iiij. 

jfjf. 142-155. The Othe of xxiiij for the election of the 
Mayor. Aso Oath of Mayor, Sheriff, Common 
Counceller, Warden of the Magdallyn &c. 
/. 146. Testamentum Walteri filii Nichi Gervas. (Latin.) 

1257. 

ff. 156-159. A note of all the articlis conteyned in all 

the Charters of this Citie of Exon from the tyme of 

Kynge Henrye the First (sic) untill the tyme of 

Kyng Edward the Vlth. 

/. 173. Grata Decani et Comon' de Wynchester. 

10 April, 7 H . 

/. 1796. Coastes Shippes servinge for the Cittie of Excester 
in Anno 1588, viz : i j 

For the waiges of 70 men seruinge hi the 
Bartholomew of Apsam bye the space 
of ii moneths begune the xvith of Julie, 
1588, and ended the ixth of September 
folowinge, after the rate of xiiiis. every 
mann p. mensem dietts share and 
rewardes in the same accompted . . 98 
For the sea victualls of the same men 
by licke tyme after the same rate of 
xiiiis. per mensem. Summa . . . . 98 
For the Tonnage of the same Shippe bye 
licke tyme being cxxx. ton after the 
rate of iis. every tonne p. mensem, the 
some of 26 

Summa . 222 



369 

For the wages of 50 men seruinge in the 
Rose of Apsham by licke tyme of 2 
monthes begune and ended as afore- 
sayde after the same rate. Summa . . 70 

For the sea victualls of the same men 
bye the licke tyme after the same rate, 
the some of 70 

For the Tonnage of the same Shippe, 
beinge 110 ton after the licke rate as 
aforsaide 22 



Summa . . . 162 



For the waiges of 21 men seruinge in the 
Quyfte of Apha bye licke tyme, begune 
and ended as aforesaide after the rate 
aboue sayde, the some of . . 29 8 

For the sea victualls of the same men 
bye licke tyme after the same rate as 
aboue sayde. Summa . . . . 29 8 

For the Tonnage of the same shippe, being 
25 tonne for licke tyme after the licke 
rate 500 



Summa . . . 63 



/. s. d. 

222 

162 

63 

Totalis 447 16 



Receved by us the Mayor, Bailiffs and Comynaltye 
of the Cittie of Excester the xxvith daye of Maye, 
1589, of Sir John Hawkins, knighte, Treasorer of 
her Maiestyes Maryne causes the some of Fower 
hundred Fourtie seaven poundes sixtene shillinges 
of lawfull money of England in full payment and 
satisfaccon for so muche receved from her Maiestye 
for the service of the iii shippes within written, 
viz., the Bartholomew, the Rose and the Guyfte of 
Apsam, seruinge her highnes againste the 
Spanayardes as Coste Shippes for the Cittie of 
Excester by the space of twoo monethes in 
Anno 1588, begune the 16 of Julie, 1588, and 
ended the ixth of September followinge, whereof 
and of every parte and parcell thereof wee the 
Maior, Bailiffes and Cominaltye aforesayde doe 
covenaunte herebye for us and our Successors to 
discharge and saue harmles bothe her Majestic 

Wt. 20757 Ex 24 



370 

and the saide Sir John Haukins (sic), Knighte, 

his heires, executores and assignes agaynste bothe 

the Owners, victulers and maryners or Company 

of the saide Shipps for that tyme of there seruyce 

for euer. In witnes whereof wee haue to theis 

presentes sett the Seale of the Office of the 

Maioraltie of the Cittie of Excester the daye and 

yere firste aboue written . . ccccxlviifo'. xvis. 

/. 180. Petition of the town of Staynes (Middlesex) 

with replies from the Council at Whitehall, 26 May, 

1589, for post towards Plymouth. 

/. 187. The Copye of the Queen's Majesties letters for 
the deliverye of Phillipp Harte, a condempned prisoner 
remayninge in the Gayle of the City of Exon. 

By the Queene. 
Elizabethe Regina. 

Trusty and welbeloued, We greete you well. Whereas 

there ys remeninge in the Gaole of that our Cittye 

of Exceter, Prysoner under your charge and 

custody one Phillipp Harte, a condempned person 

and so restinge at our mercye Whome in respecte 

that the parties greeved desyer to be recommended 

to our grace for the Releefe of the poore Women 

whose husbandes were slayne as also for that 

there ys good Assurans geeven us of his sufficiencye 

to do us good Service in our Warres Wee arre 

pleased to extende our clemencye thus fair unto 

him as to staye him from execucon by our Lawes, 

And to imploye him in our warres, And therefore 

wee will and comande youe upon the Receipte of 

theis our Letters to deliver the bodye of the said 

Phillipp Harte to the berer herof, George Carye, 

esquyer, to be by him conveied to Capteyne John 

Dowdall, unto whome wee have comitted a Bande 

of footemen to serve us in our Realme of Irland, 

under whome our pleasure ys to make triall of the 

said Hert's Service and good behavior and farther 

our expresse pleasure and comandemente ys that 

the said Harte shall not at any tyme hereafter 

retorne unto our Realme of England, but remayne 

still in our said Service in Irland withoute our 

expresse Licence under our owne Hande obteined 

upon payne of the extremytie of our Lawes to be 

layed upon him. And theis our Letters shalbe to 

youe and every of youe to whome yt dothe or 

maye apperteyne sufficiente warrante and discharge 

in this behalfe. Geeven under our signet at our 

Mann, of Greenewyche the Syxte of Maye, 1590, 

in the xxxiith yere of our reigne. 

Wyndebanck. 

To our trusty and welbeloved the 
Maier, Recorder and Sheryffs of 



371 

Exceter and to all other our 

Officers and Mynysters to 

whome yt dothe or shall apper- 

teyne. 

/. 196. Refers to Queen Elizabeth's proclamation that 
certayne wayghtes as well the Troy waightes as of 
Avoirs de Poyz newly made and corrected shoulde 
bee dispersed and sente unto all and everye of the 
good Citties of England, there to remayne, wherebye 
all other waightes of these natures shalbe fined, cor- 
rected and amended. This Bille Indented made 
21 June, 30 Elizabeth (1588). The Town Clerk acknow- 
ledges to have received from the Court of Exchequer of 
avoir de Poyz, the halfe hundrede weights containing 
56?., 28Z., 14:1, 11, 21, and ll ; also 1 Pille of Troy 
waightes containing 14 pieces and 1 paper with penny- 
weightes and 5 parcells graynes containing 14 peeces, 
paying for them 91. 8s. lid. 
/. 203. The note of the number of all the Charters of 

this cittie of Exon. Collected 23 October, 1560. 
/. 207. Anno xxij, Henry VII (1506-7). Deliberaco. 
clavum ciste cvis. existent' in domo cvis. consil' 
p'tn., showing 7 Keys, 1 in the hands of the Mayor, 
Richard Huet, and 6 more with the names of the 
holders. 

Md. est quedam vacua claws p. sexta sera reman in 

data repoc. 

Book 55a. A list of Freemen, 1621 to 1818 (not paged) 
entitled " A Catalogue or Register of the names of all the 
persons that have been made free in or since the year 1621." 
This book is not noticed in the Calendar. It consists of an 
alphabetical list of names and forms a very serviceable guide 
to personal names, trades &c., since 1621. Appended to each 
name is a note " p. appr' " (i.e. by apprenticeship), " p. her' ' 
(by heirship), " p. red ' ' (by redemption), " by priviledge," 
or " p. ord' " (i.e. admitted by order). It includes such names 
as Christopher, Lord Duke of Albemarle, Frederick Kepple, 
Lord Bishop of Exeter, to the Tripemakers, Hot-pressmen, 
Velmongers, Combemakers. 

Book 56. A vellum book, foolscap folio, the cover of which 
has been torn off. It contains copies of documents in a hand 
of the time of Elizabeth, and appears to have belonged to 
Hooker. (It might be called " Hooker's Charter Book ".) 
Eg., an extract from Carta Monasterii de Syon, Henricus [? VII], 
recites privileges and exemptions granted January 26th last 
past to Elizabeth the Abbess, infra manerium de Istalworthe. 
The description of Exeter by Hooker as hi Book 55, /. 131&. 
It begins : " Excester or Exeter ys a famouse Cytie." 
Ends ; " The Lord kepe and preserve them alwaies." 



372 

Five opening paragraphs of " The Antiquitie and foundacioun 
of the Cathedrall. Churche of Saint Peters, Exon." 
Begins : "Of the fundacion," &c. 

Breaks off with ; " the which he ys a baron or lorde of the 
parliament " (in paragraph beginning : " And in this tyme of 
Kinge Henry the fyrst"). 

The Charter of Exilond, 22 December, 4 Edward VI (1550) 

(full text). See Charters No. XXXVI. 
The Charter of the Bishop of Winchester, 30 January, 

2 Henry VIII (1511) (full text). 
The Charter of the Bishop and Church of Exeter, 12 May, 

2 Henry VI (1424) (full text). 

The Charter of Kenton, 14 May, 16 Edward [? III. See 
page 122, i.e. 1342.] It recites Charter of Stephen, and 
refers to homines mei de lystona et Chentona (i.e. Kenton 
ferry near Star Cross). 

The Charter of Bonville's Almshouses, 8 November, 
4 Elizabeth (1562) (full text). See Charters, No. 
XXXVIII. 

Charter of 21 February, 3 Elizabeth (1561). Cart' p. 
orphan etaV libt' Concess'. See Charters, No. XXXVII. 

The Act for the Limits of the City. A Confirmacion of 
the Cete libt' and Charters by Acte of parliament for the 
bonds (sic) and limytts how fferr the Countie of 
the Cetie shall extend. 18 March, 3 Edward VI (1549) 
(full text). See Charters, No. XXXV. 

The Charter of 24 February, 3 Edward VI (1549) (full 
text). Latin, with footnote : Veram copiam Carte 
Civitatis Exon et concord 1 cum Iris 1 patent' Regis Ed. vi li . 
supiar specificaf et exam. p. Waltherm Stapelhill, Johem. 
Peter, Richm. p'twod, Richm. Hert et Johem Hoker. 
See Charters, No. XXXIV. 

The Act of Parliament for confirmation of Charters, 

3 May, 5 Elizabeth (1563). See Charters, No. XXXIX. 
The Charter for the Election of the Mayor, 10 July, 

1 Henry VIII (1509), headed " The Copye of the Charter 
for the Eleccion of the Mayor and officers made by 
Henry the vijth (sic), after the Comosion he then in 
ppr' person cum. to Exon." See Charters, No. XXX. 

A Commission for a Gaile deliverie for the Admiraltie, 
17 October, 6 Elizabeth (1564). 

Two folios of extracts from Domesday Book with note : 
The which all Churches, houses, londis and Tentis 
being of or holdinge as well as righte many moo other 
and divers w th all passeth the nomber of Ix. and moo 
beinge rente or yeilding custome as all appeareth of 
recorde in the said Booke, none which said except the 
xlvij. houses (i.e. in the holding of the Bishop of Exeter) 
above said, now late the which the Maier and Com- 
monaltie seyn that all beith parcel! of the said Cetye 
in and of and annexed to the same. And they seyn 



373 

that all the rentis aforesaid ben parcell of the fee fferme 
of the said Citey. And that rentis and customes 
p'veth (proveth) a fee fferme by prescripcion at that 
tyme. And the Cittie not in the Kinges handes as it 

is in there seconde Article of prys (? proofs) supposed. 

Part of a Rental of the City. (7 folios.) 

Book 56a. A paper volume, not paged. Some of the sheets 
have been folded down to fit the size of the ordinary pages. 
The binding consists of an indenture on vellum, dated 
30 January, 29 Elizabeth (1587). The headings are partly 
cut away in binding. 

This book, which is not noticed in the Calendar, may be 
regarded as a supplement to Book 56, being a collection of 
Charters and other similar documents mostly repeated else- 
where. 

The earliest page (i.e. an extract) begins : And albeit from 
the tyme of Kinge Athelstane the first founder, A.D. 932. 

Ends : And this muche concernynge the antiquitie, 
fundation and buildinge of this Cathedrall Churche 
(see Book 56). 

This extract occupies half a page only. It is followed by : 
The ancient Rentes and Revenewes belonginge and apperteyn- 
inge to the cathedral! churche of S. Peter of Exon, and the 
extent thereof ; total 1,9417. 165. Qd. 

Copy of the Grand Charter of the Citie of Exeter [see 

Charters, No. XXXIV], the last sheet bearing the date 

24 February, 3 Edward VI (1549), has been misplaced 

and bound towards the end of the volume. 

A Charter beginning Henricus, dated 4 May, anno regni 

nostri quinto decimo. 

A Charter beginning Henricus, dated 11 December, 
anno regni nostri [blank], probably Henry V or Henry 
VI, as the Clerk is " Wymbysshe." 

The Composition betwene the Bisshop &c. and the Citie 
for enclosinge of the churcheyarde and buyldinge up 
of gates in the same, 1286. 
The Graunte of the Mayer &c. to the Bishop &c. for 

enclosinge the Churcheyarde. 
The Composition between the Mayor &c. and the Bishop 

&c., concerning certeyn walles and dores &c., 1320. 
The Composition for the building of a gate in a lane in 

Stykestreete, 8 September, 37 Henry VI (1459). 
A Grant from the Mayor &c. to the Archdeacon of Totnes 

of a tower upon the walls of the Citie, 1392. 
A Catologe of all the Bisshops &c. (16 folios.) 

Begins : Havinge heretofore sett downe the Antiquities. 
Ends with : John Wolton the mediation ffraunceys 

Erie of Bedfforde. 

Carta Episcopi Bathon et Wellens. Ten lines only ; 
incomplete. 



374 

Carta, 29 January, 1 Elizabeth (1559). Note at end 

Concordat cum original! p' me Robtm. Denys. 
" Wyndsore " Charter of Henricus ... 10 April, anno 7, 

Folded down to fit size of book. 
Charter of Elizabeth. Headed : This ys indeed . . . 

incomplete. (2 folios.) 
Statutes for the ordering of Orphans &c. Ends : To be 

fullie satisfied and paied. (6 folios.) 
The manner and forme of a recognysaunce to be taken 

for the assuraunce of an Orphanes parte or portion. 

(4 folios.) 
The Charter for the appointinge and nomynatinge of the 

poore in the hospitall of the Comeroye. 13 November, 

4 Elizabeth (1562). See Charter XXXVIII. 
An Acte of Parlyement for the bounding and lymetinge 

of the Countie of the Citie of Excester, 18 March, 

3 Edward VI (1549). Full text : English. See 

Charter XXXV. 
The Charter of Exilonde, 2 (sic) December, 4 Edward VI 

(1550). See Charter XXXVI. 
The Charter for Orphanes and a Chamberlayne, 

21 February, 3 Elizabeth (1561). See Charter XXXVII. 
An Acte of Parlament for the Confirmation of the Charter 

of Orphanes, 3 May, 5 Elizabeth (1563). (English.) 

See Charter XXXIX. 
Misplaced leaf ends : Soma of the whole Rents of the 

parcells aforesayd as above is specified, xs. m]d. (=part 

of Bishops Rents). 
The last page is blank, but headed : A second clayme 

which the Bishop maketh for his fee. 

Book 67. A paper book without cover, foolscap folio. It 
is a memorandum or Waste Book of John Hoker, and contains 
miscellaneous memoranda relating to the various offices he 
held. 

The front page shows the perticulers of f'me (i.e. ferme) 
dewties as doth apperteyne to the ferme of BagavelT and 
brethingavell. Begins : First the farmoure thereof ought 
to have of every person dwellinge within the liberties of the 
Cittie beinge no free that selleth breade alle and other things 
by the yere 2s. Qd. The writing is not very legible, but the 
whole would be well worth transcribing in full. 

Note that the Charter of Kenton was first graunted by 
Ring Stephen and goothe in these words : i.e. short extracts 
from the Charter of Stephen, with additions by Edward III 
(May 14, 1342). 

The Inventory of all the goodds and Chattells of John 
Geffrey, of Exilond, bootcher, attached by me, John 
Hoker, bailiff there, upon severall playnts entred yn 
the Court there against the said J.G. immediatly after 
his fleeinge and avoydinge, 1564. The following is the 



375 

list of goods which are arranged under headings : The 

forechamber, the Servants Chamber, the Tallow 

Chamber, the forechamber next to the street and the 

Hall: 

The Inventory of all the goods and chattells of John 

Geffrey, &c. 

The forechamber. A ioyned beddsteed, a trokle bed- 
stead, a flocke bedd with a bolster of f ethers, 
a trokle [blank], toe paier of sheets, a pylose, three 
blancketts, a mantell, a stityned tester and other 
hangyns paynted, a bowe ( ? boroe), too chayres. 
The s'unts (=servants) chamber. A beddsteed, a 
mattresse, a flocke bolster, a payer of sheets, 
iii coverletts of shaydes. 
The talow chamber. A strydinge borde, Talow, by 

estymacon vc. (=cwt.). 

The forechamber next to the street on the south syde. 
A bedsteed, a great chest, a padd of yarne by 
estimacon imlb., a trokle bedsteed, too tubbes, yn 
the galerey. 

The hall. A ioyned table bord, a ioyned forme, the 
stelyngs with a clost bench, a cubberd, a ioyned 
seate before the fyre, a cobberd, a greate caldron, 
a ketell, too caldrons, a lytle panne, too croks, 
a skyllett, vii platters, too potengers, too sawcers, 
a tynney salteseller, too treadells. 

The disposicion and guyftess of my pamphelettes of the 
Citie and Catologue of the Bishopp imprented and 
geven for New Yeres Guyftes, 1583, with names of 
72 recipients, including the Bishop, Mr. William Martyn, 
the Wardens of the Shamells, and the Constable, with 
3 copies to the bookbinders. 

The entreys of the towne custome for the porte of Exon 
from Michaelmas, 1556, to 1564-5 i.e. Hoker's account 
(57 folios) as " Collector Minutar' Gust' portus civitatis " 
or " Collector Minute seu parve Custume." The vessels 
scheduled hail from Exmouth, Kenton, Rye, Dart- 
mouth, Salcomb, Gurnesay, Harlame, Plymouth, 
Lympton, Poole, Falmouth, Morbgan, Longesands, 
Kynswere, Colchester, Torrebay, St. Malow, Mylbroke, 
Dawlish, Topsham, London, Penmarcke, Morlaise and 
Stonehurst. 

The ordynance and artyllerye of the Lord Fraunces, 
Erie of Bedford, delyvered to the custody of the Cittie 
of Exeter by Mr. Giles Gefry, surveyor to the saide 
Lorde, 22 Sept., 1556. 

Do. apperteininge to the Citie of Exon and lying within 
Seynt Johns at the East Gate of the Citie and delyvered 
by me, John Hoker, to thandes or custodie of William 
Knolle Guttler the younger, 24 February, 1559. 
The mony which Roger Hoker owethe to me. 



376 

The accompte of the xth and xvth receved and gathered 
by me, John Vowell, alias Hoker, collector, 1 Elizabeth, 
October, November, 1559. Four folios from October, 
1559, to 1576. The amounts are entered under 
parishes. 

Memorandum that April 5th, 1566, I, John Vowell, alias 
Hoker, dyd enter ynto thoffice to be judge of 
Admyraltie yn the Countie of Devon at the request 
of Sir Arthur Champnowne, vyce-admirall, who by 
his letters offred the same unto me with all the 
comodities and proffytts thereto belonginge. Opposite 
is a copy of " The Certyfficate for the buylding of a 
ship of one hundrethe and upwardes " : 

To the right honorable the Lord Clynton, Lord Highe 

Admyrall of England. 

Right honorable, forasmiche as it hathe playsed the 
Quenes Majesty of her abundante munyfycence for 
the better mayntenance of the navy of this her 
hyghnes realme to enlarge to all those which 
buylde any ship of one hundrethe tonnes and 
upwardes so many crownes : Therfor I, Arthur 
Champernowne, knight, viceadmyrall of the countie 
of Devon, do by these presents geve notice to your 
honorable Lordeship and to all others whom the 
same yn any respecte toochethe that one J.W. of 
the citie of Exceter, merchaunte, hathe at these 
presents buylded and fynished within the Haven of 
Bidefford yn the countie of Devon, one ship of 
the portage and bourden of two hundrethe fyftye 
tonnes. And for the more treuthe hereof I have 
sett the seale of th'offyc of my viceadmyraltie to 
these presents geven. 

Then follows Hooker's record of the Admiralty Court 
of Devon summoned to meet at Sidmouth on August 12th 
1566, and other places, headed : " Thorder of the 
Circuite which I kept this yere and thapparaunce and 
place of the Courte " (18 folios). 

Book 58. A large volume of Maps of the property of the 
Chamber, on vellum, compiled in the year 1759. It is a most 
elaborate work, and is kept at the Town Clerk's office. 

Book 59. The Index or Reference Book to the Maps, with 
Notes respecting the properties in a later hand down to 1820 ; 
kept at the Town Clerk's office. 

Books 60 to 60/. Seven volumes of Letters and Papers. 
See Part I. 

Book 60gr. Inventories of Church goods. See Part I. 



377 

Boole 60^. A small folio paper volume of 46 folios, very 
much injured, but well mounted in a bound book. 

ff. 1-9. A Journal of the Parliament of 1571 by John 
Vowell, alias Hoker, then M.P. for Exeter (autograph). 
Ends : This parlament beganne on Monedaye being 
the ijth of Aprell, 1572 (sic),* and ended the Wenesday, 
beinge the xxxth of May folowinge, which ar yn thwhole 
lix.ty daies. Also there is to be allowed unto me for 
my tra veils towards and from the parlament viiij.t daies, 
so this yn thwhole amounts to Ixvij. daies, which at 
iiijs. the daye amounts to xiijZ. viijs. 

The following specimen is taken from fol. 7 : On Saterday 
the xix of May, a byll for bringnyng of foreyn wares 
prohibited, a byll for tryall of felonyes yn Wales, a 
byll for vagabonds (past) the lords have overthrowen it. 
Also xi. bylls from the lords whereof v. were such as 
were before sent unto theyme and by them yn certeyn 
poynts amended. An Act for Rodney in Somers' 
shere past. 

At the end is a list of Acts of this parliament, finishing 
with An Act of the Quenes pardon. See Stat. iv, 582 
13 Elizabeth, cap. 28. 

ff. 12-19. The order of kepinge of a Parlament in theese 
dayes," by John Vowell, alias Hoker. (Autograph.) 
For a transcript of this treatise I am indebted to 
Prof. W. Harte, of Exeter, who has compared his 
transcript with MS. (HJD.N., No. 41) at the Heralds' 
College. Some of the headings correspond with those 
in Book 52, ff. 234-235, but the general treatment 
and subject matter are altogether different. There 
is duplicate of it in Hooker's handwriting in MS. 
(H.D.N., No. 41) in the Heralds' CoUege in London. 

ff. 21-46. A History of the manor of Exilond with 
copies and translations of Records relating thereto, 
and a discourse upon the jurisdiction of the Bailiff of 
the Manor and the customs of the same also by 
John Hoker, alias Vowell. 

Books 60* to 60m. The old Calendar of the Archives in 
4 small folio paper books, compiled by Dr. Oliver and his 
colleagues in the year 1821. See S.M. Introduction, p. 10. 

On the cover is a rough note {blank} 19, 1821, G.O. (i.e. 
George Oliver) and P.J. (i.e. Pitman Jones) to the Chamber, 
stating they have arranged ye records in pursuance of Order 
of Nov., 1820, and recommend that these volumes be 
transcribed. See File of General Purposes Committee, 1821. 
This recommendation appears not to have been carried out, 
as these 4 volumes are in various original hands, one of them 
being apparently a woman's. The Summary shows that 

* Should be 1571, i.e. 13 Elizabeth. See Return of Members I, App. 
p. xxxv. 



378 

111 days were occupied over the work, which began on [blank] 
and ended on December 18, 1821. 

Vol. I. (60i) relates to Awliscombe, River Exe, Davy's 
Almshouses, Magdalen Hospital and St. John's Hospital. 

Vol. II (60&) to Attwell's and Lethbridge's Charities, 
St. Nicholas, Disputes with Bishops and the Parish of 
Hennock. 

Vol. Ill (60Z). Other Charities, also Charters, Com- 
missions and Pardons, and Miscellaneous Deeds. 

Vol. IV (60m). Act Books &c., with a note (p. 362) : We 
were directed to interrupt the order of the Act Books in 
order to make out the History of the Irish Party. The 
progress of the work was periodically checked by a 
member of the Council, whose signature appears with 
those of the Dr. Oliver and his colleague at frequent 
intervals. 

[From this point onwards I have relied almost entirely upon 
Mr. S. Moore's Calendar for the material of this report, it 
having been impossible to consult all the original documents 
referred to in it within the time at my disposal during my 
personal visit to Exeter. Such additions or corrections as 
I have made will be found included in square brackets.] 

Books 61 to 79. Minute Books of the Sessions of the Peace 
from 16 James I to 1826, with detailed dates in the Calendar, 
to which is added a pencil note that large quantities of sessions 
papers are in a cupboard in the centre of the room. 

Books 80 to 99. Mayors' Court Books, from 1533 to 1861, 
the dates of each separate volume appear in the Calendar. 

These volumes contain the pleadings in the Mayor's Court, 
and are in fact the Minute Books from which the Rolls were 
made up. 

Books 100-102. Presentments of Nuisances &c. at the 
Sessions of the Peace, A.D. 1550 to 1668, with details of dates 
of each volume in the Calendar. 

Books 103 to 112. Memorandum Books of the Mayor's 
Court (A.D. 1716 to 1794) containing the entries of freemen, 
notes of Fines, of oaths of allegiance taken, and the price of 
wheat week by week. At one end they have the notes of the 
Mayor's Court, at the other those of the Provost Court. 

Book 113. A volume of the prices of wheat, A.D. 1759 to 
1796. 

Books 114-140. Provost Court Books, A.D. 1507 to 1881, 
with separate dates supplied in Calendar. These volumes, of 
which the last five are blank, are of a simikr nature to the 
Mayors' Court Books. 



379 

141-145. Book-proceedings of the Orphans' Court, 1561- 
1697. 

146. A large folio volume relating to the administration 
of Blundell's Charity. It begins with a copy of his will, 1601 
to 1681. 

147. Smaller volume, small folio, 1681 to 1697. 

148. A Book containing entries of the application of 
Blundell's and other Charity monies in 1669. 

149. A Book containing a description of the various 
Charities in Exeter, 1600 to 1622. 

150. Copies of Curators Accounts of Charity monies, 1792 
to 1823. 

151. The Account of Timber on Halberton tenement, 
belonging to Spicer's Charity, 1769. 

152. Accounts of Lethbridge's Charity, 1754 to 1806. See 
Report on Charities, p. 195. 

153. Account of Atwill's Charity, 1780-1. See Report on 
Charities, p. 151. 

154. Receivers' Books of Da vies' Charity, 1785. 

155. Accounts of AtwilTs Charity, 1754 to 1786. 

166. A Folio containing two torn Books of Musters in 
the City in the time of Henry VIII. 

157. A Book of the Accounts of the poor, 1563 to 
14 Eliz. (1572). 

158. A folio containing fragments of Assessments of 
Subsidies and Books of Musters, temp. Eliz. and James I. 

159. A Book containing the assessment of Royal Aid in 
1689, and Assessments of Poor's Rates in the City, 1706-1732. 

160. Assessments of Poor's Rates, 1752-1755. 

161-167. Copies of the Land Tax rates, 1740-1751. 

168. Particulars of Land Tax redeemed in the City of 
Exeter, October, 1798. 

169-171. The Cash Book, Exon Key, being the Accounts 
of the Collectors of the Town Duty. 1701-1724. 

172. The Account of the Key, 1715 to 1724. 

173. An Account of Town Duty, 1716 to 1724. 

174. Entry Book of Town Duty and Cellarage, 1715 to 1739. 

175. Ditto, 1746. 

176. Book of Entries of Town Custom, 1715 to 1725. 

177. Book of Entries and Waste Book, 1750 to 1751. 

178 to 180. Journals of Town Custom, 1816 to 1821. 

181. Account of Town Duty, Exon Key, 1825 to 1827. 

182. Book of Court Rolls of Duryurd Manor, 1620 to 1697. 

183. John Hooker's Book of Accounts as Bailiff of Exilond, 
Saint John's and Saint Nicholas, 1556, to 1585. 

184. Court RoU of Exilond, 1620 to 1647. 

185. Merchant Adventurers' Papers, A.D. 1558 to 1559. 
1-5. 28 Jan., 1 Eliz., 1558. Copies of the Charter of the 
Merchant Adventurers, with translations. See Letter 48. 
6. The Corporation of Tailors v. the Merchant Adventurers. 
Bill of the Tailors. 



380 

7. Tailors v. Merchant Adventurers. Draft Answer of 
the Merchants. 

8. Ditto. Replication of the Tailors. 

9. Ditto. Another Copy of the same. 

10. 14, 16 April, 7 Elizabeth,