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Introductory, . . . . 
Minutes, . . ... 

{Report of the Treasurer, . 

Oration, General Chas. H. Grosvenor, 

Oration, General J. (D. Cox, 

(Banquet (Proceedings, . . . 

Letters and (Dispatches, . . . . . . *. 

Memorial (Pages— 

General George H . Thomas, 

General (Robert Anderson, . 
In Memoriam — 

M aj or = General Henry (B. (Banning, 

'Brigadier = General (Benjamin (Dana Fearing 

William Heberden Mussey, M . (D. 

Lieutenant* Colonel H. E. Collins, 

Major Eben (Perry Sturges, 

Surgeon Henry C. (Barrell, 

Joseph Herron, ..... 

Orders and Specifications of (Badge, 
Constitution and (By=Laws, . 

List of Members, ...... 











Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 

Fourteenth Annual Reunion. 


To the President and Members of the Society of the Army 
of the Cumberland : 
The Local Executive Committee for the Fourteenth 
Annual Reunion submit the following 


The undersigned were notified of their appointment as 
such Committee about the 1st of July, 1882. The Commit- 
tee organized on the 6th, and at once entered into corre- 
spondence with the officers of the Society, in reference to 
the Reunion and its duties. Finding that the centrally lo- 
cated halls of the city were under prior engagement, so that 
they could not be had during the days and evenings of the 
Reunion, your Committee secured the County Court Room 
of the county for the business meetings of the Society, and 
the hall in SciiLirz's Park for the evening exercises. 

Sub-committees were appointed as follows: Finance 
Committee, General Edward W. IIincks, Chairman ; Com- 

8 Army of the Cumberland. 

mittee on Decoration, Mr. Henry C. Koch, Chairman ; on 
Entertainment and Quarters, Mr. Henry Fink, Chairman ; 
on Music, Colonel Hans Boebel, Chairman ; on Printing, 
Major "W. J. Dawes, Chairman; on Transportation, Mr. A. 
V. H. Carpenter, Chairman ; on Banquet, Captain Irving 
M. Bean, Chairman ; and on Reception, General A. S. Ham- 
ilton, Chairman; also, a Committee of one or more for'each 
county in the State, to arouse an interest for the Society and 
its Reunion, of which Captain E. R. Blake, of Ozaukee 
county, was Chairman. 

As soon as a programme had been arranged, with th-e 
aid of the officers of the Society, and the preliminary 
arrangements effected, your Committee issued a* circular, of 
which the following is a copy. 

Headquarters Local Executive Committee, 

Milwaukee, August, 1882. 
Comrades : 

The Local Executive Committee present the following for your in- 
formation : 

1. Railroads terminating in Chicago from the South and East, St. 
Louis, Pittsburg, Wheeling, Buffalo, Detroit, and intermediate points, 
will return those attending the Reunion, who pay full fare coming, at 
one-third fare. 


Railroads and steamboat lines centering in Milwaukee, will sell 

excursion tickets on all their lines to Milwaukee and return, on the 
19th, 20th, and 21st of September, at one and one-fifth fares for the 
round trip; and excursion tickets from Chicago to Milwaukee and re- 
turn at three dollars each — all tickets good for one week. 

2. Hotels will entertain guests at their regular rates, varying from 
$2.00 to $4.00 a day. Boarding houses throughout the city will fur- 
nish accommodations at $1.50 to $2.00 per day. A Special Commit- 


tee has charge of furnishing information and giving aid in securing 
quarters. Address Henry Fink, Chairman, on this subject. 

3. Headquarters of the Committee during the Reunion will be at 
the Plankinton House. 

The following presents the 



1. A salute will be fired from a steamer in the bay, at sunrise. 

2. The Society of the Army of the Cumberland will meet at the 
Court House at 10 o'clock A. M. for the purpose of business. Rooms 
will be furnished in the Court House to other military societies for 
business purposes, if desired. Application for same should be made 
to the Local Executive Committee. 

8, At 3 o'clock in the afternoon there will be a steamboat excursion 
on Luke Michigan, to which all members of the Society are cordially 

4. At 7:30 P. m. the Army of the Cumberland will assemble at 
* ScitLlTx's Park. After brief addresses of welcome, to be responded 

to by "General P. H. Sheridan, President of the Society, the annual 
oration will be delivered by General C. H. Geosvenor, of Athens, 
0, This will be followed by a eulogy on the late President James 
A. Garfield, by General Jacob D. Cox, of Cincinnati. The ex- 
ercises will be interspersed with music. All other societies, ex-soldiers, 
and the public generally, are invited to attend. 


1. Artillery salute at sunrise. 

2. Parade under escort of Wisconsin National Guard, at 9 a. m. 

3. At 10 a. m.. business meetings of the Societies. 

4. In the even in s, the annual banquet of the Society. This will 


10 Army of the Cumberland. 

be given at the Soldiers' Home, just outside the city limits. The beau- 
tiful park of the Home will be brilliantly illuminated. 
The foregoing embraces the official programme. 

W. A. COLLINS, '} 

Local Executive Committee. 

Copies of this circular were sent to all newspapers in 
Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and 
Minnesota; also, to the leading papers in the East and 
South, and distributed generally, in large numbers, through 
the Committees and soldier friends. 

An invitation, of which a fac simile is herewith pre- 
sented, was sent, together with the circular, to every member 
of the Society. 

Further invitations were sent to especially invited guests. 
A special invitation was also sent, through Major G. C. Con- 
nor, of Chattanooga, Tennessee, to the Society of the Ex- 
Confederate Soldiers. 

For the use of the dining-hall at the Soldiers' Home for 
the Banquet, and the illumination of the Home Park, your 
Committee are indebted to the kindness of General Jacob 
Siiarpe, Governor of the Home. 









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Minutes. 11 


Court House, Milwaukee, Wednesday, Sept. 20, 1882. 


General Sheridan in the Chair. 

General Sheridan: 

Gentlemen : 

This is purely a business meeting, and we must now proceed to 
business. Before doing so I will call upon Chaplain Lyle to invoke 
the divine blessing. 

Chaplain Lyle: 

Let us pray. O, Lord, our Heavenly Father, we thank Thee that 
to-day so many of us have met together under circumstances so full 
of happiness and good cheer. We thank Thee that after the lapse of 
years, during which many of us have seen not only the things that 
pertain to prosperity, but the things that pertain to adversity, after 
the scenes of war and of conflict, of bivouac, and of battle, in peace, 
in freedom, and in joy, we can greet each other again as comrades in 
arms, and as an organ izcd society. We implore Thy rich blessing, our 


12 Army of the Cumberland. 

Father, to rest upon us. May our hearts be united together with a 

closer bond of sympathy, and may Ave love our country with a more 

intelligent love. May the principles of true patriotism dwell forever 

in every heart; and the more frequently we meet together, as we do, 

may we be led to love our country all the better, and be more and more 

devoted to the principles of civil and religious liberty. 0, Lord, bless 

our common country. We thank Thee for the peace and prosperity 

which are with us as a people. May the Lord cause his face to shine 

upon us, and may we be that people whose God is the Lord. Preserve 

our Union in peace as Thou did'st in Thy good providence in time of 

war, and may we find in that Union peace, prosperity, morality, right- j 

eousness, and piety. 

Bless the President of the United States; bless his constitutional 
advisers; bless our Federal common wealth, and each individual State 
of the Union. Bless this Society of the Army of the Cumberland, and be 
with each of us when we leave these scenes to go to our homes. May \ 

our minds and hearts be strengthened by our privilege of meeting to- 
gether here. Bless all our further exercises, we pray Thee, in the 
name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 

General Sheridan : 

We will now hear the report of the corresponding Secretary. 

General Cist: 

Mr. President: — As the Chairman of the Committee on Publica- 
tion, I would state that there was some delay in getting out this last 
volume of the annual reports incident to one or two matters of pub- 
lication, but when finally completed, this report was published by our 
publishers in Cincinnati. 

It contains an engraving of General Garfield, which has never 
been used in any other publication, and there have been but a limited 
number struck off from the plate. 

The book was published and distributed to the members, and has 

been found, I trust, satisfactory. So far no complaint has been made. 

„The book speaks for itself, and the Committee submit this for their report. 

Minutes. 13 

General Parkhurst : 

I move that the report be accepted, with the thanks of the Society 
for the manner in which the Committee have performed their duty. 

Seconded and carried. . • 

General Sheridan: 

We will now hear the report of the Chairman of the Committee 
on Memoirs. 

General Barnett: 

Mr. Chairman: — I believe the only report of tiie Committee on 
Memoirs is embodied in the volume that has been published. All the 
memoirs that have been received have been forwarded to the Chair- 
man of the Committee on Publication, and are embraced in the work. 
I think, however, that there must be some of our members who have 
died, and of whom no memoir has been prepared, the Committee not 
having received any information of their death, or, if they have, have 
been nimble to secure materials from which to compile a memoir. If 
any of the members know of any such case, and can furnish such data, 
the Committee will be very glad to put it in shape for the next volume. 
We submit this as our report, taken with our work as it appears pub- 
lished in the book. 

General Rodinson: 

I move that the report be accepted, with the thanks of the Society. 

Seconded and carried. 

General Fullerton ; 

I would like to say in connection with this subject that a great 
many members of the Society have been dying recently, and their 

lJf Army of the Cumberland. 

names have been sent to me as Treasurer. Whenever that is done, I 
immediately reply to the parties asking them to send a memoir either 
to the Committee on Memoirs or to General Cist, the Corresponding 
Secretary. I am afraid that in many instances this has been neglected, 
and I think some provision ought to be made that these memorials be 
not lost or forgotten. They make a valuable feature of our book, and 
some very prominent members of our Society have recently died, and 
memoirs ought to be secured. 

General Cist : 

I was going to say that a list might as well be started here of those 
known to be dead. I think quite a list could be made, which would 
materially assist the Committee on Memoirs, and be increased by sug- 
gestions from the members. There are General FearJng, General 
Banning, Dr. Mussey, Colonel Collins. I have a memoir at my 
office in Cincinnati, furnished by a physician in Washington City, 
of his brother — one of our members who died some time since — 
Comrade Hereon, and the memoir will appear in the next volume 
of reports. I think it would be well to start the list here, and have 
the names of deceased members, as occasion presents, handed by those 
who recall the fact, with any data they may recollect, to the Chairman 
of the Committee on Memoirs, so that a full list can be prepared and 
published in the next volume of reports. 

General Barnelt: 

I would say in behalf of this Committee that there have been ex- 
ertions made to get these memoirs in shape so as to be published, but 
the necessary data have not been furnished as promptly as it should 
have been done. I have now, in a very crude state, a memoir of Ma- 
jor E. P. Sturges, which I propose to have ready for the next vol- 
ume. But it is impossible for the Committee to prepare these memoirs 
without the assistance of the members who may have possession of the 
facts and information needed. 

Minutes. 15 

General Fullerton : 

I don't intend to cast any sort of reflection, but owing to the neg- 
ligence of the friends of those avIio have died in sending the informa- 
tion required, it is almost impossible to get even that information to 
enter upon the books of the Treasurer when it costs a little extra care 
or trouble. 

General Sheridan: 

It seems to me the best way to do is for those who know of the 
death of a comrade, to give in his name, and then have these names 
referred to the Committee on Memoirs. 

General Parkhurst : v 

It strikes me the proper way to do in this connection would be for 
any one having information of the death and services of a deceased 
comrade, to turn that information over to the Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Memoirs. Instead of attempting to make a list here, it 
would be more advisable for every member who knows of the death of 
a comrade to hand it to the Chairman of that Committee. It thus gets 
immediately into the hands of the proper Committee, and they will 
get the details and facts necessary for them to make a report. 

General Sheridan: 

That is the condition and method that has always existed, but the 
complaint is that the plan don't work — the names and information 
don't seem to be furnished. The question now is to suggest some bet- 
ter way. 

Lieutenant Ruiim : 

A very good way would be to send a circular to all the members 
calling attention to the subject, and requesting them, where comrades 
in their neighborhood die, to give immediate notice of the fact to some 

16 Army of the Cumb erland. 

officer designated on the circular. I move that the Chairman of the 
Committee on Memoirs be instructed to send such a circular to all the 
members, asking them to send to him immediate notice of the death 
of any comrade in their vicinity. 

General Barnett : 

I have no doubt the gentleman will accept as an amendment, that 
the notice include any information they may possess in regard to the 
past history of the comrade. 

Lieutenant Ruhm : 

Certainly ; I am glad to include that. 

Seconded by Colonel Steele. 

General Sheridan : 

Gentlemen : — You have heard the motion that the Chairman of 
the Committee on Memoirs be instructed to issue a circular to all the 
members of the Society, requesting them to send to the Chairman of 
that Committee, whenever the death of a comrade living in their 
vicinity occurs, immediate notice of it, with any information they may 
possess with reference to his past services. All in favor of the motion, 


General Sheridan: 

I will request the Treasurer to make his report. 

General Fullerton : 

I have to report, Mr. President and members of the Society, as 
Treasurer, the following: 


Minutes. 1 7 

(See Treasurer's Report.) 

Certain condemned cannon were turned over to the Society of the 
Army of the Cumberland, for the Garfield monument which is to be 
erected, and for which subscriptions are now being received. I think 
there must have been a mistake in the preparation of the bill. The 
grant should have been made to the Garfield Monument Committee ; 
but, as the act of Congress provided that it should be paid to the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, it was paid over into my bauds 
by the Secretary of War. The amount paid us was $7,500, on July 
15, 1882. I deposited the amount in bank, and took a certificate of 
deposit. It there draws interest at the rate of four per cent. I am 
now ready to turn this over to the Garfield Monument Committee, 
or to make any other disposition of if that the Society may suggest. 
Of course, it will require some action of the Society to pay it over; 
otherwise, I should have paid it immediately to the Treasurer of the 

On motion of Colonel Steele, the report was adopted. 

General Sheridan : 

I will now call upon General Barnett, the Chairman of the 
Garfield Monument Committee, to make his report. 

General Barnett: 

I desire to say that the Committee have not yet had a meeting, 
and if that matter can be deferred until to-morrow, we will then re- 

On motion of General Cist, further time was given the 
Committee to report. 

Captain Crane : 

Mr. Chairman:— I move that the Treasurer of the Society be in- 



Army of the Cumberland. 

structed to notify the Garfield Monument Committee of the amount 
now in the hands of the Society as a fund to be devoted to the erection 
of the Garfield monument, and that he be instructed further to turn 
that amount over to their order when the Monument Committee make 
demand upon him. 

Colonel Steele seconded the motion. 

General Fullerton : 

It was the original intention that it should go to that Committee, 
and I should be very glad if the order was made to turn it over at 
once. I don't care to be responsible for keeping that sum of money. 

Colonel Simmons : * 

That sum appears to be in the hands of the Society of the Army of 
the Cumberland, and, as General Fullerton has remarked, that or- 
der should come from the Society, and therefore I suggest that Gen- 
eral Fullerton frame such a resolution to that effect that this So- 
ciety can pass upon. 

Motion put to vote and; carried. 

General Sheridan : 

We are now ready to announce the Committees that have been 
made out. I will ask the Secretary to read the names. 

General Cist : 
The Chair has appointed the following Committees; 

Committee on Nomination of Officers 

General Nathan Kimball; 
General R. D. Mussey, 

Minutes. 19 

Colonel John Conover, 
Colonel Charles Lum, 
r Surgeon A. E. Heighway, 
Captain H. C. Evans, 
Captain Wm. McCrory, 
Captain Henry Dombuscti. 

Committee on Memoirs : 

General W. A. Robinson, 
Colonel P. P. Lane, 
Major A. S. Cole, 
Major A. O. Russell, 

Captain J. Blackstone. 


Committee on Time and Place: 

General James Barnett, 
General S. I). Atkins, 
General Lewis Zaiim, 
Colonel E. D. Swain, 
Colonel Samuel Simmons, 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 
Major J. F. McGinnis, 
Captain C. R. Russell, 
Captain AV. E. Crane. 

Committee on Orators : 

General J. D. Cox, 
Colonel H. C. Corbin, 
Colonel H. K. Milward, 
Captain Robert Hunter, 
Lieutenant T. J. Charlton, 
Lieutenant J. M. Carrington, 
Sergeant Charles Ganzman. 

Army of the Cumberland. 

Committee on Publication : 

General Henry M. Cist, 
Captain C. A. Cable, 
Lieutenant R. H. Cochran. 

The Chairman of these Committees will notify the members of 
the time and place of meeting, so that they may meet and make their 
report to the Society to-morrow morning, at the business meeting of 


General Sheridan: 

I wish to say to the members of the Society, my comrades, that 
as far as the Nominating Committee is concerned, I desire to say to 
them that I have been President of this Society for a number of years, 
and I have often thought that it would be well to make a change. 
There are a great many men here in the Society who, I think, can fill 
the place better than I can, and I wish to say that I don't want the 
Committee to feel any embarrassment as far as I am concerned. I 
would vote for a change myself. While I feel very proud of being 
President of this Society, I would vote for a great many men, whom I 
know in the Society, sooner than I would for myself. 

General Mussey: 

As a member of that Committee, I wish to say that I have re- 
ceived no instructions to any such effect, and I should not obey any 
such instructions, even if I had received them. 

General Barnett : 

Mr. President: — Is there any business before the meeting? 

General Sheridan : 

No, sir; the gentleman will proceed. 

Minutes. 21 

General Barnett : 

I desire to say that Miss Ransom, an honorary member of this 
Society, desires to paint a portrait of General Garfield, as a dona- 
tion to the Society, and desires to express in this way her appreciation 
of the honor conferred upon her. She wishes to have an expression 
of the opinion of the Society as to how this picture shall be painted; 
whether it shall be in military costume or in citizen's dress. She 
would like to have the wishes of the Society made known on that 
point, if they desire to accept, as I presume they would, thankfully, 
the donation which she desires to make. 

General Mussey : [' 

Why would not that be proper to refer to the Memorial Com- 
mittee? They are charged with the erection of the monument, and 
this may possibly be in the same line. 'They can report a resolution 
recommending it, and submit it for the action of the Society. I make ) 

that, as a motion, that the Society refer to the Memorial Committee, 
with instructions to report a resolution expressing the thanks of the 
Society to Miss RANSOM for her generous oiler, and stating their recom- 
mendation iw to the character of the costume. 

Seconded aud carried. 
General Fullerton: 

Mr. President :— I would like to announce that the back volumes 
of our Society proceedings can be had by applying to Captain Rob- 
ert Hunter, at the headquarters of the Society. Several new 
members have asked where these could be had, and I make this an- 
nouncement for the benefit of those who wish to procure them. I 
would also state that all members who have not paid their dues will * 
find the Treasurer at the Newhall House immediately after the adjourn- 
ment of this meeting. 

Colonel Steele: 

Mr. Chairman:— I desire to announce to the members of the So- 

Army of the Cumberland, 

ciety that arrangements have been made, by the kindness and activity 
of some of our friends, connected with the various roads out of the 
city, that all members holding the proper certificate can get return 
transportation at one-third price. You can get these certificates at 

Captain Hunter: 

I desire to say, Mr. President, that the price of the last volume is 
SI. 25, which is the price of all the volumes except the second volume. 
The second volume, as many of the members will recollect, is the vol- 
ume containing the proceedings at the Chicago meeting, and most of 
the unsold copies were burnt in the Chicago fire,, so that our Society now 
has all the volumes of that issue that are to be had at any place. The 
price of that volume the Society has fixed at 34.00. The other vol- 
umes are each $1.25. 

General Fullerton: 

I should like to say one word about the banquet tickets, Mr. 
President. A banquet will be given to-morrow night at the Soldiers' 
Home. The tickets have been put at the very low price of three dol- 
lars. The tickets can be had of Captain I. M. Bean, either here or 
at the Newhall House. 

Lieutenant Ruiim: 

I am requested to ask whether or not the Committee meetings 
that have been announced will interfere with the excursion that was to 
take place, and whether that excursion has been abandoned or not. 


General Winkler: 

Mr. Chairman: — On behalf of the Committee of Arrangements I 
would like to say that a steamboat excursion for the members of the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, and many others whom we had 
invited to participate, was to take place. There was a report this 




morning that the lake was quite rough, and that would interfere. I 
went with a gentleman to the steamboat captain, and found that the 
lake one-half hour ago was as smooth as could be wished. The 
steamer will leave at the foot of West Water street for an excursion 
of a couple of hours, and, as far as the smoothness of the water is con- 
cerned, it will be a pleasant affair. 

General Cist : 

I would suggest that the Committees can meet on the boat. 


General Barnett: 

That being the case — I had understood that the steamboat excur- 
sion had been abandoned — I will announce to the Committee on Time 
and Place that the Committee will meet in this hall immediately after 
the adjournment of this meeting. 

General Winkler: 

Perhaps it would be well for me to state in reference to the ar- 
range men \* lor this evening, that Schlitz Park, where the reception 
this evening is to be held, is some little distance out of town, or from 
the center at leant, that it would be well to leave early from some 
designated point. The members will leave the Society Headquarters 
at the Ncwhall House at 7:30 this evening, promptly. There are 
abundant facilities for reaching the place, omnibuses and two lines of 
street railroads. Seats will be reserved for the members of the Society 
and all they bring with them. 

On motion of General Parkiiurst the meeting was ad-* 

journed to 11 o'clock next morning, Thursday, September 

21 St. 


%Jj, Army of the Cumberland. 

Wednesday, September 20, 1882. 


The Society met at Schlitz's Park. On the Society 
being called to order, prayer by Chaplain Lyle was offered. 

Chaplain Lyle: 

O, Lord, our God, our Heavenly Father, we unite in our thanks- 
giving to Thee, this evening, for the auspicious circumstances in which 
so many of us have met together. We thank Thee that in the enjoy- 
ment of peace and safety, in the enjoyment of prosperity and all that 
pertains to happiness, to the peace of a happy country, so many of us 
have met together to speak of these things and of the things that per- 
tain to the peace both of the present and the future of our country ; 
and we praise Thy holy name that, while we meet together as those 
who have been engaged in the protection of our common heritage of 
freedom, we can remember the past, not only in regard to tjie suffering, 
and sorrow, and sacrifice of war, but that there are pleasant memories 
of the past, as well as those which hallow suffering and sorrow. May 
Thy rich blessing rest upon us as we now engage in the services of this 
evening. Bless those who shall direct our thoughts and tender mem- 
ories to those things that shall be called forth, and may our hearts re- 
spond to every thing that is true, and noble, and good. May Thy 
blessing rest upon our country. Bless the President of the United 
States, and all those in authority in the different Commonwealths. 
Grant that prosperity and peace may attend us as a people. We do 

Minutes. 25 

thank Thee for our heritage of freedom, clearer and more precious than 
life itself, and dearer and more precious than ever, because of the bap- 
tism of sorrow and suffering in the past. May this heritage be trans- 
mitted to our children and our children's children, and may they 
glorify the God of Nations for His goodness to us His people in its 
preservation. Do Thou bless the survivors of those who have in the 
dark days of trouble given their services to our country. May our 
Union be strengthened, and the God of Nations be glorified by our 
thanksgiving. We ask Thee this in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 

General F. C. Winkler then said : 

Mr. President: — The Local Executive Committee has had charge 
of the preparations for the entertainment of the Society of the Army of 
the Cumberland for several weeks past, and they beg leave to return 
their charge to your tried hands, and acknowledge their high appre- 
ciation of the honor conferred upon the State of Wisconsin and the 
city of Milwaukee, in its selection as the place of meeting, which will 
be further acknowledged to you by representatives of both our State 
and city. 

1 tag lenve now to introduce to you our comrade, John Rusk, 
Governor of the State of Wisconsin. 

Governor Husk: 

Mr. President and Members of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland : 
In the name of the State of Wisconsin, and in behalf of the good 
people, I bid you a most cordial welcome. It is with feelings of grati- 
tude and affection, indeed, that we greet you to this, the metropolis of 
our State, whose citizens highly appreciate your presence. I need not 
assure you that the opportunity we have to-night of greeting so many * 
of the gallant Army of the Cumberland, whose history is interwoven 
with such bright and alluring colors into the web of our existence, will 
long be remembered. 1 will not attempt to recite your brave acts or 
heroic deeds. 

You bore an important part in the conflict. You were one of its 

£6 Army of the Cumberland, 

first organizations, in the Department of the West. The history of . 
your battles is a large 'part of the history of the Rebellion. I need 
not repeat them. They are before yon in memory, and yon may see 
their emblems by loving hands decorating the walls around yon. Your 
history is so connected with that of other armies, that to speak of one 
is to remind us of all. The same heroism and pride pervaded the 
entire volunteer force. 

War is the last means to which a people should ever resort to 
settle their difficulties; but when nothing else will prevail, and war is 
a necessity, let the verdict be final. Throughout the great struggle 
through which the Union has passed, integrity, honor, and peace were 
all at stake, and, by your aid and assistance, it has been decided in 
favor of right — the Union undivided ; and let that verdict ever re- 

In coming here from your various homes, you have no doubt no- 
ticed the general development and progress of our people, and the 
happiness they seem to enjoy. It is no exaggeration to say that our 
cup of happiness is overflowing. When we cast our thoughts back 
for twenty years we remember in every city, village, and hamlet the 
tap of the drum, and on all sides "Tramp, tramp, the boys are march- 
ing;" the widows' and orphans' cry went up to heaven; our armies at 
the front were engaged in deadly. strife, and the groans of the dead 
and dying were heard on every side; but, thanks to God and the rank 
and file of the most gallant armies that ever marched on battlefields 
under gallant leaders, this deadly conflict was settled, Now, all is 
peace throughout the entire land. We are at peace with the world 
and with ourselves. It is, therefore, befitting that we should meet in 
these Reunions and talk over the toils and dangers through which we 
have passed. And now, fellow comrades of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, remembering that " peace has her victories no less renowned than 
war," let us teach our children to look to the future welfare of the na- 
tion, that they may protect, as we have done, the flag of our country 
— the flag that, has lighted all the ways upon the sea and upon the 
land by which this nation has advanced to greatness and power, so 
that our Republic shall endure forever, that no hostile power shall 

Minutes. 27 

strike from the flag one of its stars or diminish its lustre, and that it 
may remain forever the glorious flag of the nation. 

As an humble citizen of this great commonwealth, I wish you a 
God-speed, and again I bid you a most cordial and hearty Avelcome to 
the State of Wisconsin. 

Gene ual Winkler: 

Ladies and Gentlemen: — T beg leave to present to you Hon. J. N. 
• Stowell, Mayor of Milwaukee. 

Mayor Stowell: 

Citizen Soldiers of the Army of the Cumberland: 

Our city greets you with no common greeting. We are glad, and 
thank you that you have so honored us as to light this, your annual 
campfire, in our midst. Many who met with you last year have since 
then, for the last time, grounded their arms, folded their tents, and 
silently stolen away. But, though the lapse of years decimates your 
ranks, making your number less as each occasion of this character oc- 
curs, time but adds new lustre to your deeds, and widens and deepens 
the affectionate regard in which you are enshrined in every patriotic 
. heart. 

A race of kings is here who, at their country's call, resigned their 
crowns, selected their chieftains, and voluntarily become subject-ser- 
vants that the vital idea of popular self-government might live. Many 
who thus surrendered their sovereignty resumed not their crowns again 
until the angels wreathed their brows with laurel in the land of the 
hereafter. Others of you toiled on, fought on, through all the weary 
years, until our land emerged from war's crimson deluge anew, bap- 
tized in blood, and then, amid a nation's glad huzzas, you took your 
place now kings of kings by a unanimous acclaim. We all were grate- 
ful then. Our children will call you blessed. 

But since, as years roll, on, and the grand significance of what 
you did then becomes more manifest in the phenomenal prosperity, 
the wondrous progress of our nation, as we come to know more and 

Army of the Cumberland. 

more how strong are her walls cemented then with heroes' blood, our ' 
grateful hearts anew respond ; and when the lips that speak to-day are 
chill in death, our children and our children's children shall rise up 
and call you blessed. " Forty centuries look down upon you," said 
Napoleon to his soldiers, under the pyramids. To you it may be said: 
"The gaze of the highest civilization the world ever knew is upon you, 
and will be, in admiring retrospection, through all the coming ages." 
His soldiers fought for conquest, mine, and personal aggrandizement. 
You laid your all of that which life holds dear, and life itself, upon 
the altar of your country's safety. If love of man is, next to love of 
God, the highest, purest love, then love of country proves your love 
of man, and surely no higher love was ever proved except by that. 
Such times as called your service forth mark eras in the progress of 
our race. That bugle call, which you heard when a million freemen 
rushed to arms, is ringing still around the world. * 

Thus Freedom's soul is marchiug, and, though battled oft to outer 
sight, her battle still is ever won, and thus the enfranchisement of man, 
though long delayed, is sure. In this grand procession of the ages, 
we are apt to think ourselves at best but silent factors — a sort of un- 
known quantity; and yet, in but half a decade of this our generation, 
you reared a shaft whereon your names will ever be in honorable in- 
scription, and which shall be a beacon light to coming centuries. 

Now, to our guests who, in this grandest drama of our age, were 
clad in gray: The glory of this Union and Reunion could not be 
complete without your presence. After years of conflict — desperate, 
heroic — in which you taught the world your title to the noble qualities 
of a complete and admirable manhood, the crowning act, the generous, 
graceful fact, that, foemen yesterday, now friends, you thus can meet, 
as you do now, with us, assures the perpetuity of our peace and broth- 
erhood. The same unselfish, patriotic spirit throbbed the heart and 
nerved the arm that breathed and struck under either flag. The blue 
sincerely thought the gray misguided; the gray, the blue. Americans 
think thoughts, and prove their faith by their works, sometimes quite 
vigorous. In politics and mathematics, numbers tell, and this holds 
good in war. The problem was a weary one, and costly of solution. 


But all can now agree the demonstration final. And so we wipe the 
slate clean from all strife and rancor. Only slight scratches made by 
gritty spots in memory's pencil yet remain, which the all-healer, Time, 
shall soon efface. We welcome you, we honor you, we love you. 
Full of these thoughts, with charity for all and malice toward none, 
thus to all we say, our hearts, our homes, the freedom of our town are 

Gen krai, Sheridan : 

Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland: 

I think the Local Committee here, in announcing me to respond 
to this address of welcome, made a mistake. I am, as you know, 
and certainly my comrades know, a soldier, and haven't the slightest 
desire in the world to be distinguished for picking out words in the 
English language and putting them together. If T have to make, a 
speech, I will make it very short. I think that is the kind of speaker 
they should have selected, you know; one who was used to picking 
out word* in the English language as well, for instance, as his Honor, 
the Mayor, did to-night, to reply to this address of welcome. 

We all knew tlmt we were coming to-night to the home of a great 
many of our comrades; if not all of them comrades of the Army of 
the Cumberland % still comrades in some of the sister organizations. And 
while we knew of the patriotism of the citizens of the city of Mil- 
waukee, yet we hardly realized how generous and kind a welcome we 
were to receive here, not only in words, in eloquent words, like those 
of Governor. Rusk and his Honor, the Mayor, but a welcome ex- 
pressed by a thousand kind acts and manifestations on the part of the 
people of this city, expressed in their looks of kindness and cheerful 
cordiality. And I can only say in return for it, that I wish to express, 
on behalf of the Society and myself, the profound appreciation of all • 
my comrades of the Army of the Cumberland for this most courteous 
and generous welcome which has been extended to us by the citizens 
of Milwaukee and of the State of Wisconsin. We knew that we 
were coming to meet friends, but we did not fully realize what a warm- 

SO Army of the Cumberland. 

hearted welcome awaited us from them. So, let me close by returning 
to you, ladies and gentlemen, the heartfelt thanks of the Society of the 
Army of the Cumberland for your kindness and generosity on this oc- 

General Sheridan : 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Comrades: 

We will now listen, in the regular course of our meeting, to the 
address of the orator appointed for this oecasiou, and I will now have 
the pleasure of introducing to you General Grosvenor, who is to 
deliver the address on this occasion. 

(See Oration.) 

General Sheridan : 

Ladies and Gentlemen:— At the last meeting, by the request of the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, General Cox agreed to deliver 
an address on this occasion, to be a memorial address upon General 
Garfield. I now have the pleasure of presenting to you General 
Jacob D. Cox. 

(See Address.) 

In response to calls, General Fairohild spoke as follows : 

Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland ' : 

I will detain you no longer to-night than simply to say to you 
that, in common with all the citizens of Wisconsin, we are glad to 
welcome you to our homes. We honor you for your brave deeds, and 
we will always be glad to see you in Wisconsin, whenever you may 
choose to honor us with a visit. 

General Gibbon, in response to calls, rose and bowed his 
acknowledgment, stating that he was suffering from hoarse- 
ness to such an extent as to disable him from speaking. 

Minutes. 31 

September 21, 1 882. 


At 12:30 P. M., Thursday, pursuant to adjournment, 
the Society met, General Sheridan presiding. 

General Sheridan called the meeting to order and re- 
quested General Cox, Chairman of the Committee on Orator, 
to make report. 

General Cox: — 

Mr. Chairman : — The Committee on Orator for the next meeting 
report that they have determined on the name of General Smith D. 
Atkins, of Freeport, Til., as orator, and propose as alternate, Colo- 
nel R. M. Kelly, of Louisville, Ky. They have reason to believe 
that these gentlemen will do their duty, if called upon, in a way ap- 
propriate and satisfactory. 

On motion of General Cruft the report was adopted. 


The Committee on Nominating Officers not being ready, 
General Sheridan called for the report of the Committee on 
Memoirs, who had been instructed to bring in a resolution 
in reference to Miss Ransom's oiler to paint a portrait of 
President Garfield as a present to the Society. 

Army of the Cumberland, 

General Robinson : 

The Committee offer the following resolutions: 

Resolved, That the Society accept Miss Hansom's kind offer to 
paint a portrait of General Garfield for the Society, and return her 
their sincere thanks for the same. 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Committee that the por- 
trait should represent the General in a subdued military costume. 

P. P. LANE. 

The Committee were in some doubt whether it should be in civil- 
ian or military costume. It seemed best to us for the society itself 
to determine that matter. We bring it, therefore, before the Society 
in this way. 

General Grosvenor : 

Mr. President: — I move to strike out the words "subdued mili- 
tary" and insert the word "civilian." I am not strenuous about it, 
and do not intend to urge it, but it is my opinion that, after all, as it 
was in civilian fields that Garfield won more and greater fame than in 
any' other, it will be best to have him thus represented. This matter 
has been discussed by the committee, and I do not wish to run counter 
to any of their suggestions. I make the motion to have both sides 

General Cox: 

I understand that the lady asks that this Society shall express 
their recpiest whether this painting shall be in military or civilian cos- 
tume, and I can not support the motion of General Grosvenor, for 
the reason that I understand the proposal to have him represented as 
a civilian is that his fame is more identified in the minds of the Ameri- 
can people with his civilian triumphs than with his military; but as 





this is to present to the Society a man whom they first knew as a sol- 
dier and a comrade, it seems to me that it would be proper that this 
painting should represent him in military costume, and for that rea- 
son I should have to vote against the motion as made by General 


General Grosvenor: 

I think, then, that the words ''subdued military costume" should 
be stricken out, and if a military costume be adopted at all, I should 
be in favor of having a uniform that showed his rank and standing in i 

the army. Garfield did not belong to the "subdued" class of officers. 

General Parkhurst : i 

I should be in favor of the motion of General Grosvenor most 
decidedly. It is proper for the Society to express their opinions freely 
on this, because it is t lie request of Miss Ransom. It seems to me that 
citizen's dress would be more appropriate for the portrait. General 
Garfield won Ids greatest renown as a statesman. This Society 
never haa claimed for him any great deal of military heroism, but we 
data) him us one of our society, as a member of the Society of the Army 
of the Cumberland, and we claim that the greatest glory won by our 
comrade was as a statesman, and we should have him represented in 
the character of a citizen and civilian. 

Colonel Simmons : 

I agree with the remarks just made. Garfield was a volunteer. 
His profession was not that of a soldier. He did not select the profession^ 
for the sake of the renown that he might acquire as a soldier. He put 
on military dress and military arms to help put down the rebellion. He 
became a statesman, and won his chief renown in the halls of Con- 
gress. If he had been of the regular army, a graduate of AVest Point, 
and had remained in the army after the close of the war, it would be 
very proper now to represent him as a soldier; but he was a states- 

Army of the Cumberland. 

man, much more than a soldier; therefore, I think the proper way to 
represent Garfield, not only to the Society of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, but to this nation, is in civilian dress. 

Colonel Nathan Kimball : 

I consider that Garfield fought with the Army of the Cumber- 
land; that he was a member of the Society of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, and that he came from the Army of the Cumberland as a present 
to the people of the United States. They accepted the present, and 
made him President of the United States. 

Now, I am anxious and willing that we have his portrait, and 
that it should be carried wherever we go, alongside of Thomas' and 
Rosecrans* ; and I am sure that Thomas ought to be represented here, 
and by the portrait which Ave have of him, which was intended to be 
carried wherever the Society of the Army of the Cumberland met ; but if 
the portraits of Thomas and old Rosey are not here, and if they are 
not here in person, they are here in the hearts of every member of the 
Army of the Cumberland. So is Garfield. 

Now, it seems to me, Mr. President, that as we are to have a por- 
trait of Garfield, it should be a picture which the people will recog- 
nize as the man they made President. We can mark our connection 
with it by fixing upon that picture the badge of the Army of the Cum- 
berland. These are only my notions in the matter. 

I knew Garfield in the Army well. It is true he performed 
acts of great heroism at Chickamauga ; but his greatest achievements, 
both for the Army of the Cumberland and for his country, were iu the 
halls of Congress ; and it seems to me that if we say to the people, 
"Here is your President, and here is our Comrade, and there is the 
badge of our Army," this will be sufficient. . ^ 

Lieutenant Cochran : 

I agree with the gentleman, that we are a military society of vol- 
unteer soldiers, and I do not approve of full military uniform. I do 
not think anybody ever saw that in the Army. I never did. It was 



almost invariably the undress uniform. It appears to me it would 
be better and more proper if he were represented in the ordinary 
blouse uniform. 

Captain Hunter: 


I have great respect for the wishes and judgment of the gentle- 
men who have just spoken, but must dissent from their views this time. 
The State of Ohio gave James A. Garfield to the Army of the Cum- 
berland as Colonel of the Forty-second Ohio Infantry. The measure of 
his military ability, and the history of his great services and rapid 
promotion, you all know. After lie had reached the rank of Major- 
General, the Army of the Cumberland gave him back to his native 
State, and to the whole country, to serve in the councils of the nation. 
This Society being purely of a military character, organized to pre- 
serve the memory of our Army deeds, and to perpetuate the friend- 
ships of our comrades, it seems to me most fitting that the picture of 
General Garfield, which Miss Ransom has kindly offered the 
Society, be painted to represent him in the uniform of the last rank 
In; held in the Army. I would like to see the word "subdued" 
stricken from the resolution. 


General Morgan: 

We linvo all heard the sentiments of the members pretty well ex- 
pressed, and there lias been enough said upon this question now. I 
think it is right to call for the question. 

General Smith : 

General Morgan, I would like to have a word before the ques-| 
tion is put. It seems to me this discussion should not be made matter 
of instruction, as though we were directing and ordering a painting. 

Now, as I understand it, the lady generously offers to execute this 
painting, and present it to the Society of the Army of the Cumberland as 
a generous donation. If we were ordering her to make it, and if we 
were to pay for it, it would then be proper for us to discuss the manner 


Army of the Cumberland. 

of the garb in which the General should be sketched. I think we 
ought to consider that, as this is a generous donation from her, she 
should be left to select the apparel. 

General Sheridan : 

General Smith, the lady herself makes this request of the So- 
ciety. She would prefer that the Society make their suggestions in the 

General Cox : 

I would like to ask for a moment in which to explain the attitude 
of the lady artist; to say that she esteems highly the honor conferred 
upon her by the Society when they elected her an honorary member 
some time ago, and of course it made her feel like recognizing, in some 
manner appropriate and proper, this action of the Society. Besides, 
she was a neighbor and an intimate friend of General Garfield and 
his family for several years, and has studied his every feature, both as 
a friend and as an artist. Having, therefore, a deep personal interest 
in this matter, and thinking that it would be grateful to her feelings 
in a double sense, if she could thus at once express her affectionate re- 
gard for the departed President and freely express her own apprecia- 
tion of what the Society had done as a compliment to her, she has then 
made the request that the Society express their wishes and preferences, 
as a matter of taste, as to the costume in which General Garfield 
should be represented in this painting. While we have no doubt that 
in fact she herself would be, by all means, the best person to decide 
this point, yet, as she has requested it, it would be most proper for the 
Society to express their opinions. 

General Smith : 

I move that the whole matter of this picture be tabled. 

Seconded, and rejected by a rising vote of 30 to 35. 


General Grosvenor : 

My motion was simply to strike out the words " subdued military" 
and insert "civilian." Now, I suggest that the gentlemen who want 
to put in "full military costume" should vote upon the motion as it 
stands, and then, if rejected, move to insert what they think best. I 
have only raised the question in order to put it in good shape for dis- 
cussion. The resolution is to accept the painting and request the 
artist to make it in subdued military dress. My motion is to strike 
out the words "subdued military" and insert the word "civilian." 
The question is a double one. 

General Robinson : 

In regard to the military dress, it was the unanimous opinion of 
the Committee that the Society of the Army of the Cimiberknid is a mili- 
tary society. The people of the country can take care of Garfield's 
reputation as a civilian, but our dealing with him was as a military 
man. It is perfectly appropriate that we should have him represented 
for us in military dress. The word "subdued" was used that he 
might not be painted with epaulets, gold lace, and cocked hat, but in 
sufficient uniform to represent his rank. I make this explanation 
simply to show that the matter was discussed by the Committee. 

General Sheridan: 

The question, as I understand it, is to strike out the words "sub- 
dued military" dress. 

Question put and carried. 

Captain Hunter: 

I move to insert the word "military" costume. 

Seconded and carried. 

Army of the Cumberland. 

General Sheridan : 

I will call upon the Chairman of the Committee on Nomination 
of Officers to present the report of that Committee. 

General Nathan Kimball : 

The Committee appointed to nominate officers for the ensuing 
year, submit the following report: 

Your Committee lias not been unmindful of the wishes expressed 
by our present President to be relieved from further duty in that con- 
nection. But your committee has also been mindful of the history of 
the Army of the Cumberland. It was the happy experience of that 
army to get good commanders and to keep them. Its history is the 
history of persistence. And we think we should be unfaithful to the 
traditions of our Army life if we failed to be persistent now. As 
the "boys" used to say, " We know a good thing when we see it, and 
when we get it we keep it." 

Your Committee have, therefore, disregarded the wishes of one 
whose commands they were once only too happy to obey, and nominate 

For President. 

Lieutenant General P. H. Sheridan. 

They have further applied the principle of " staying," for which 
our Army was famous, to the other active officers of the Society, and 

For Corresponding Secretary. 
General .H. M. Cist. 

For Treasurer. 
General J. S. Fullerton. 

For Recording Secretary; 
Colonel John W. Steele. • 



The Committee have not thought that the rule which has gov- 
erned them in selecting active officers should apply to the Vice-Presi- 
dents, and they have, accordingly, selected a list which is submitted 
herewith, comprising, so far as they were able to do it, in accordance 
with the Constitution, one from each State and Territory having resi- 
dent members of the Society. They have placed Wisconsin at the 
head of the list, and selected the Chairman of the Local Committee 
for the First Vice-President, as an evidence, though slight, of the ap- 
preciation of the hospitalities extended to the Society at this meeting. 
The other States and Territories are named alphabetically. 

.The Committee report as follows : 

For Vice-Presidents. 

General F. C. Winkler, Wisconsin. 
Colonel J. W. Burke, Alabama. • 

Captain S. A. Wiggins, Arkansas. 
General W. L. Elliott, California. 
Colonel G. G. Symes, Colorado. 
Private .John A. Van Doren, Dist. of Columbia. 
Major K. E. Fleming, Dakota. 
Colonel J. C. Reed, Florida. 
.Lieutenant F. M. Pelt, Georgia. 
Colonel W.*P. Chandler, Idaho. 
Major II. A. IIust, Illinois. 
Colonel W. C. Wilson, Indiana. 
Captain E. II. Conger, Iowa. 
General Lewis Zahm, Kansas. 
Colonel II. K. Milward, Kentucky. 
. Captain J. B. Ludwick, Louisiana. 
General Francis Fessenden, Maine. 
General J. L. Donaldson, Maryland. 
General A. B. Underw t ood, Massachusetts. 
General Grover S. Wormer, Michigan. 
Lieutenant Wm. McCrory, Minnesota. 
General Frank Askew, Missouri. 

40 Army of the Cumberland. 

Major A. S. Cole, Nebraska. 

Lieutenant Stephen Pierson, New Jersey. 

General E. Opdycke, New York. 

General J. D. Cox, Ohio. 

Private Joseph C. Squires, Pennsylvania. 

Lieutenant John Ruhm, Tennessee. 

Private S. C. Noble, Texas. 

General Nathan Kimball, Utah. 

Lieutenant R. H. Cochran, West Virginia. 

General Sheridan : 

I will call upon the Chairman of the Committee on Time and 
Place of our next meeting to make his report : 

General Barnett : 


Your Committee has named, in accordance with the rules of the 
Society, two places, to-wit: Springfield, Illinois, and Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Time, Wednesday and Thursday of Chickamauga week, the 19th and 
20th of September, 1883. 

General Fullerton : 

I would like to say one word in reference to place. We have for 
a great many years been holding our meetings on the outside limit 
of the territory from which the Army of the Cumberland originally came, 
and therefore our meetings have not been as large as they would have 
been if held at other places nearer the center of that section. Cincin- 
nati is nearer the center of that territory than any other large place. 
I suppose at least fifteen regiments of which the Army of the Cumber- 
land was composed were raised within three hundred miles of that city. 
We need to have — we all want to have — one big, rousing meeting, 
and get together just as many members as possible. It is a place 
where the railroad facilities are of the best description, and a place 
where the attractions are great. We can not find any better place 
than Cincinnati. 

Minutes. Ji-1 

General Smith : 

There is but one resident of Springfield present, and he says that 
he does not wish the Society to go to Springfield ; that he is not pre- 
pared to extend an invitation, and he would therefore move to suspend 
the ballot and accept the report of the Committee, amending it by 
striking out the word " Springfield." 

General Sheridan put the motion to amend by striking 
out Springfield, and adopt the report of the Committee as 
thus amended. 


General Barnett : 


T would say on behalf of the Monument Committee, that we 
would ask from the members now present a full expression of their 
opinion upon this monument matter; that it may have a full discus- 
sion, go that the Committee may act upon the best judgment of the 
Scjciety in regard to what our further course may be. It .certainly 
, will take a great deal of work, and every member of this Society 
uhould enlist in it It would he very much better for the Society to 
urge this matter right through than to let it run on year after year. 
I think the members of the Society can reach a great many peo- 
ple who would be glad to contribute, and I think the members should 
take, and feel it their duty to take, an active part in the matter, and 
get as large a contribution as possible, so that the Committee may have 
a very handsome sum to report at the next meeting. 

On motion of Colonel Steele the report was adopted. 

General Cist: 

Judge Cochran desires to offer this resolution : 
Resolved, That the Treasurer of this Society be and is hereby 

J/,® Army of the Cumberland. 

instructed to transfer and to pay over to the Treasurer of the Garfield 
Monument Committee the moneys in his hands appropriated by Con- 
gress for the Garfield Monument Fund. 

Captain Crane seconded the motion, and the resolution 
was then adopted. 

General Atkins : 

I desire to know if the Treasurer of the Monumental Committee 
is under bonds for the safe-keeping- of this fund, and also whether the 
Treasurer of this Society has ever properly filed his bond. There cer- 
tainly should be a bond filed by the Treasurer of that Committee, run- 
ning to the Society in double the amount of the sum likely to be en- 
trusted to his charge. 

General Parkhurst : 

I do not think that the Treasurer of the Society has ever been re- 
quired to file a bond for the safe-keeping of money that is to come into 
his hands. General Fullerton, I believe, lias been Treasurer ever 
since the organization of this Society, and I have not the slightest 
recollection of the Society ever having required him to file his bond. 

General Fullerton : 

It has not been the practice, and the only care that the Society 
has taken in the matter has been to approve the reports of the Treas- 
urer, and these reports are made and vouchers for amounts paid filed 
therewith, giving the names and dates, showing just where the money 
goes. There never has been any bond required. The Societ} 7- is not 
incorporated; it is just a body of individuals, and I do not know how 
the bond could be given. The bond would not be good for anything. 
The Society does not belong to any one State, it has never been incor- 
porated, aud we would have to give a bond to some one as trustee. 

Minutes. J±3 

General Paukhurst : 

The Treasurer of that Committee is Colonel H. C. Corbin. I 
think the funds are all perfectly safe in his hands, or in the hands of 
General Fullerton, our present Treasurer. 

General Grosvenor : 

I desire to offer the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Committee on the Garfield Monument pro- 
ceed, as soon as the amount of funds in their hands justifies, to prepare 
plans and specifications for the Monument, and also to have an esti- 
mate made of the relative cost of the several metals and materials of 
which the same may be made, and report their action at the next 

I only desire to say that I do not understand that the power of 
this (Committee is quite full enough to do any thing beyond the raising 
of these funds, and therefore I desire that they be empowered to take 
whatever steps may be necessary and proper for the erection of 
the monument and report to the Society at the next meeting, so that 
time will not be wasted, and if the probable amount of funds is ascer- 
tained, they can take some steps forward, 

I have worded the resolution in such a manner that it does not 
authorize the Committee to contract for the monument's erection, or 
commit the Society to any form or plan for this monument, by au- 
thorizing the Committee to determine the matter. It only directs this 
Committee to proceed that much farther forward ; and, I may say, T 
am greatly pleased with the progress made by this Committee thus far* 
I think they are entitled to the warmest thanks of this Society. I 
felt a year ago, at Chattanooga, when this resolution was presented 
and adopted, that it was important that the Committee should have 
been appointed then and there, and I took the liberty, if it should be 
called a liberty, to write a letter to the President of the Society, who 
was not at the meeting, urging him to make the appointment as early 

Jfjf, Army of the Cumberland. 

as possible. I did it upon the ground that this local Monumental Asso- 
ciation was going to get in the way of our enterprise, which I consider 
the only one of National importance. I feel about this in favor of 
locating this monument in Washington, and thus making it National 
in its character. I felt in doubt, when the Committee was announced, 
whether or not that was the best set of appointments, because of their 
location in Cincinnati and Cleveland, and said so to a good many gen- 
tlemen. I am glad to say now, that my fears in that direction were 
wholely misplaced. No Committee could have done better. And I 
want the members of this Committee to go forward, and to feel that 
this Society is at their back, and entrust this matter to them in such 
shape that no time will be lost by their waiting for authority until the 
next meeting. 

Lieutenant Ruhm : 

It might be as well to read the resolution passeo? at the last meet- 
ing which gave the Committee power to act. 

General Parkhurst : 
I move to lay that motion upon the table. 

Seconded and carried. 

General LeDuc offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of this Society be instructed to pro- 
cure bannerets of velvet suitable for such purpose, and have the name, 
rank, age and date of death of each of our comrades who have died, 
or may hereafter die, worked in lace and gold thread, of uniform size, 
upon these bannerets, which shall be exhibited properly upon the 
stage at the time of our annual meetings, and that these bannerets 
shall be carefully preserved among the archives of our Society. 

It occurred to me in thinking the matter over, that the exhibition 
at each meeting of the names of our comrades who had died would be a 

Minutes. Jf5 

fitting tribute to them, and would be instructive and of great interest. 
There are loving hearts and willing hands who would work the names 
of their friends if they be notified of the use to which these bannerets 
will be put, and it would be very desirable, and a very appropriate 
memorial of our comrades, to have their unseen presence thus recog- 
nized, and there would be a place for our names when our time should 
come to be placed there. 

Xot seconded. 

General Nathan Kimball: 

If there is nothing before the Society, I have been requested to 
make inquiry of the Local Committee, who have charge of the matter 
to-night, whether gentlemen will be permitted to bring with them 
ladies. Now you know, and I know, that the Armf of the Cumberland 
can't get along without ladies, and it has been said to me that ladies 
will be excluded to-night, and that is the inquiry I wanted to make ; 
and if the ladies of the Army of the Cumberland can't go, perhaps some 
of the Army of the Cumberland won't go. 

General Parkiiurst : 

I would like to know just how many ladies the gentleman from 
Utah has brought here with him. 

General Kimball : 

I can't answer that, question, but I stand before you the represen- 
tative of all the women in Utah. I am here as their protector. 

General Winkler: 

Mr. Chainnan: — I'am glad to answer this question that has been 
put, and I would say that I am astonished to find that our comrade 
from Utah has so poor an opinion of our Society as to think, for a mo- 

46 Army of the Cumberland. 

ment, that we would exclude ladies from the banquet hall. We do 
understand that, in general, ladies do not participate in our army ban- 
quets, but we should be most happy and pleased to see the members 
bring with them their ladies this evening to the banquet, and we hope, 
if the ladies do come, they will not fail to enjoy themselves. 

General Kimball: 

I want it distinctly understood by every member of the Local 
Committee, that no such thought ever entered my head, especially in 
regard to the people of Milwaukee. The inquiry was put to me, and 
I was requested to make the inquiry, and I myself never thought any 
thing about the people of Milwaukee. 

General Gleason: 

This subject has been presented before the Society once before, 
and I risked introducing such a resolution — that ladies be admitted to 
the banquet — and it was voted down; and I must express my gratifi- 
cation that there has been progress of this kind made in our Society. 

General Grosvenor offered the following resolution : 

Resolved — First: That the action of the Garfield Monumental 
Committee in selecting Washington as the place for the location of the 
monument be, and the same is, hereby approved and ratified. 

Resolved— Second: That said Committee proceed to take the nec- 
essary steps to construct and erect said monument, as soon as, in their 
opinion, the necessary funds are available for such purpose. 

I would like to say about this first resolution, that the authority 
given this Committee did not authorize them to locate this monument 
at any place. The Committee discovered that no favorable action 
could be had by Congress unless the site of the monument were de- 
termined upon; that the location must be absolutely fixed, and they 
took the responsibility to locate the monument in Washington, and 
this resolution ratifies that action and recognizes the authority of that 

Minutes. 4 7 

Committee. As to the second part of the resolution, we would have 
trusted to their discretion, as soon as the necessary funds are available, 
and permit them to contract for the monument. I am in favor of 
that modification of the powers of the original Committee, and the 
sooner this is pushed forward, the better. Everything tending to avoid 
delay in this matter is advisable to be done. The Washington 
Monument is an eloquent speech about delay, and our work upon the 
Thomas Monument was very suggestive, also. Whatever we do, 
worthy of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, and worthy of the 
object we have in view, will be done, substantially, within a year. 
The funds we will be able to raise will be collected within a year, and 
when this is done, we had better proceed at once to build the monu- 
ment. With this power, the Committee will be able to report at the 
next meeting the special location of the Monument in Washington, 
and to contract for its erection, and thus important time will be gained. 
I know of no better Committee that we could appoint to take this 
matter in hand. They have borne the burden in the heat of the day; 
they have been the inspiration of the enterprise; and they have done 
wonderfully well. We need have no hesitation in placing this power 
with them. 

Resolution put to vote and adopted. 

General Mussey: 

I believe I am the only representative resident of Washington 
present here. Although the members of the Society of the Army of the 
Cumberland are most of them Ohio men, yet there is a large proportion 
not yet resident in that city, and, in behalf of the citizens of Wash- 
ington, I beg to notify all the members to be present. at, and take part 
iu, the Garfield Monument Fair, to be held there Nov. 25th, 1882. 

I would like to say that the Committee in charge of the details of 
the Fair have had a difficult undertaking on their hands, and should 
have all the encouragement the Society of the Army of the Cumberland 
can extend to them. In connection with this, let me say that one of 
the most gratifying features about it is the eagerness and anxiety of 

Jf8 Army of the Cumberland. 

the Southern States to contribute to that Fair. It simply illustrates 
the spirit that prevails in that community; once hostile to us, now our 
best friends. I was making inquiry, some time ago, as to the exact 
locality where the ill-fated ship " Cumberland" went down, and I 
happened to say something about Garfield to a man near by, and 
some one standing near, evidently from the South, wanted to know if 
I had known Garfield. I told him that I had. " Well," he said, 
"I am a rough man; a hard working mechanic, but, sir, I tell you I 
shed the tears of a woman when I heard of that man's death ;" and 
he was a man who was on the other side during the war, and he was 
anxious and eager to help along this great national enterprise, to build 
this monument to the regenerated Union of the American people. He 
said the South lost its best friend when our beloved Garfield died. 
Such is the feeling our enterprise has awakened, and now we ask you, 
in behalf of that Fair, not only to come to us, but to do your best to 
select exhibits from all your various city expositions, here and Cincin- 
nati, Chicago, and elsewhere; to induce their exhibitors there to send 
specimens of their specialties to Washington City to exhibit at the 
Fair, and I suggest that the Society have an informal meeting on the 
25th of November, in Washington City. You can not tell how glad 
we in Washington will be to see you. We tried to show you some- 
thing of it when the Thomas statue was unveiled. The people of 
that city love the old Virginian, who was so great and did so well for 
the Union, and they will welcome you again as you gather to do honor 
to him, who also stands high in their affections, and, indeed, they will 
bid you welcome to their hearts in that city, for the whole city honors 
any one w r ho honors Garfield. It will do you good, and it will do us 
good, and I suggest that this Society, when it adjourns, adjourn to 
meet at an extra meeting at the Ebbitt House, on the 25th of Novem- 
ber next. ' * 

General Gleason: 

Mr. Chairman: — A little matter of business which some of the 
members have spoken about is this:- The number of members of the 

Minutes. J^9 

Society of the Army of the Cumberland in attendance is not as large as 
heretofore, and any effort that can be made hereafter to secure a larger 
attendance would be desirable; and as an element to promote this, 
facilities for transportation must be secured from the various roads. It 
has heretofore been the custom, although the Constitution is silent 
upon that subject, that the Local Committee have charge of matters 
pertaining to transportation to and from the meetings; but, as the 
members are scattered all through the country, it would seem desira- 
ble that some uniform plan be adopted. I move that the Chair ap- 
point a committee of three upon transporation, so that this subject 
may receive uniform action. I believe in this way better facilities for 
transportation could be obtained than in any other, especially in the 
way we have now, giving the Local Committee charge of it. The 
way I suggest would be to make a General Committee on Transporta- 
tion, to obtain rates from all the railroads. 

On motion of General Kimball, the motion was laid 
upon the table. 

General Cist: 

I offer this resolution : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Army of the Cumberland is due, 
and is hereby tendered, to the Executive Committee, for the very able 
and perfect arrangements they have made for our entertainment. 

Carried by acclamation. 

General Parkhurst 

In relation to this monument fair I have one word to say. 
Every member of this Society should take an active part in assisting 
this Committee in raising funds. Now, it strikes me that it would be 
well to take some course by which the members may express their de- 
sire to work in this direction, and I would merely suggest, therefore, 
that every member of this Society manifest his wishes to that effect 

50 Army of the Cumberland. 

to General Barnett, who has made arrangements to supply all mem- 
bers with any circulars which will enable them to go to work. 

On motion of Lieutenant Ruhm, the Society then 
adjourned, to meet at Cincinnati, September 19th and 20th, 


Report of Treasurer. 51 



J. S. FULLERTON, Treasurer, 

In account with 

The Society of the Army of the Cumberland. 
1881. Dr. 

Sept. 22. To balance in hand, as reported at the Chattanooga 

meeting, September, 1881 $426 32 

22. To initiation fees collected from sixty-six new mem- 
bers, at Chattanooga meeting. (For names of 
members who paid such dues, see Exhibit A, here- 
with.) 330 00 

22. To re-initiation fees paid by twenty-one old mem- 
bers. (For names of members who paid such fees, 

see Exhibit B, herewith.) 105 00 

22. To annual dues paid by eighty-six members, at Chat- 
tanooga meeting. (See Exhibit C, herewitji.) 172 00 

Sept. 19. To dues collected since the Chattanooga meeting, to 
date. (For names of members who paid such, see 

Exhibit D, herewith.) 284 00 

Oct. 8. To subscriptions for Thomas Monument, collected by 

General James Barnett. Paid into treasury of the 

Society 85*00 

Jan. 25. To amount received from General II. M. Cist, Corre- 
sponding Secretary, on account of Society books 
sold 13 75 

Total $1,416 07 

1881. Cr. i 

Sept. 22. By amount paid Robert Clarke & Co., on account 

of Volume 12, Voucher 1 $475 00 

28. By clerical services paid, Voucher 2 5 00 

Oct. 8. By crape, etc., furnished Society at the funeral of 

President Garfield, at Cleveland, Ohio, Voucher 3.. 29 65 

Amount carried forward $509 65 

52 Army of the Cumberland. 

1881. Amount brought forward $509 65 

Oct. 26. By amount paid Robert Clarke <fc Co., being balance 
due for publishing Volume of Society Proceedings 

No. 12, Voucher 4 136 75 

Nov. 4. By stationery for Society use, Voucher 5 4 38 

Jan. 4. By amount paid Chas. M. Cist, for services rendered 

as stenographer at the Chattanooga meeting, and 

making up report, Voucher 6 112 00 

25. By clerical services, paid for Society by General H. 

M. Cist, Corresponding Secretary, Voucher 7 44 25 

25. By Society badges ordered for members, to be worn 
at the funeral of President Garfield, at Cleveland, 

Voucher 8 35 00 

25. By insurance on Society portraits, Voucher 9 13 00 

Sept. 5. By postage stamps 9 00 

5. * By postage stamps 6 00 

5. By clerical services in preparing and sending out cir- 
culars, Voucher 10 10 00 

Total $880 03 


Sept. 20. Dr $1,416 07 

20. Cr 880 03 

Balance due Society $536 04 

Report of Treasurer. 



Statement of Initiation Fees Received from Members irfio Joined the Society 
of the Army of the Cumberland, at the Chattanooga Meeting, Sep- 
tember, 1881. 

Names of New Members. Initiation Fee. 

Balding, Theo. E., Captain $5 00 

Barber, Gersliam M., Captain 5 00 

Biese, Chas. W., Lieutenant 5 00 

Bone, James II., Captain , 5 00 

Burst, F. W., Captain 5 00 

Byrd, P. K., Colonel .-.".' 5 00 

Carlin, David B., First Lieutenant.... 5 00 

Case, II. B., Colonel 5 00 

Candy, II. R., Private 5 00 

Charlton, Thomas J., Second Lieutenant 5 00 

Clarkson, John E., Private 5 00 

Clark, Charles T., Captain 5 00 

Conger, E. II., Captain 5 00 

Cox, J. D., Major-General 5 00 

Crawford, George S., Captain * 5 00 

Days, John P., First Lieutenant 5 00 

Dirwinick, D. W., First Lieutenant 5 00 

Donahue, James, Private 5 00 

Eames, Oliver E., First Lieutenant 5 00 

Foraker, Joseph B., Captain 5 00 

Friedman, David, Captain 5 00 

Gorsueh, T. T., Captain 5 00 

Hale, J. D., Private 5 00 

Hall, James W,, Brevet Brigadier-General 5 00 

Haywood, Charles, Commissary-Sergeant 5 00 

Kaldenbaugh, Henry, Captain 5 00 

Kay, Edward F., Commissary-Sergeant 5 00 * 

Karr, Charles W., Captain 5 00 

Lawler, Thomas G., Sergeant. 5 00 

McKethan, E. II., Private 5 00 

McGannow, E. P., Captain 5 00 

Major, Joseph, Captain 5 00 

Amount carried forward $165 00 

'54 Army of the Cumberland. 

Names of New Members. Initiation Fee. 

Amount brought forward $165 00 

Moe, S. B., Colonel 5 00 

Nelson, W. II., Captain... 5 00 

Nixon, E. S., Captain 5 00 

O'Neall, Joseph W., Private 5 00 

Over, James W., Private 5 00 

Patterson, E. L., Captain 5 00 

Pierson, Stephen, Adjutant '. , , 5 00 

Pierce, Isaac N., Private 5 00 

Pritchard, Benjamin D., Lieutenant-Colonel 5 00 

Rogers, S. L., Lieutenant 5 00 

Rosencranz, A. C, Major 5 00 

Scott, L. L., Sergeant 5 0U 

Shepard, W. T., Private 5 00 

Shoemaker, E. M., First Lieutenant 5 00 

Simmons, Samuel, Lieutenant-Colonel 5 00 

Smith, Orland, Brevet Brigadier-General 5 00 

Smith, Henry T., Captain 5 00 

Strasweg, R., Sergeant 5 00 

Studebaker, Peter, Captain 5 00 

Taylor, James M., Sergeant 5 00 

Taylor, J. G., Captain 5 00 

Temple, II. F., Captain 5 00 

Tedford, Frank L, Major 5 00 

Thornburgh, J. M., Colonel 5 00 

Thompson, Wm., Private 5 00 

Van Pelt, T. M., First Lieutenant 5 00 

Warder, James A., Captain 5 00 

Welty, Charles C, First Lieutenant .*... 5 00 

Will, William, Sergeant 5 00 

Wilson, James Gk, Sergeant-Major Engineers 5 00 

Wyrick, M. V., First Sergeant 5 00 

Young, William II., Lieutenant-Colonel 5 00 

Ziegler, Jacob, Captain 5 00 

Total $330 00 


Report of Treasurer 



Statement of Re-initiation Fees Received from Former Members, who Re- 
joined the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, at the Chatta- 
nooga Meeting, September, 1881. 

Members' Names. Fee. 

Burke, Joseph W., Colonel $5 00 

Chamberlain, H. S., Captain 5 00 

Colburn, W. J., Brevet Brigadier-General 5 00 

Cravath, E. M., Chaplain 5 00 

Fox, P. V., Lieutenant-Colonel 5 00 

Gleason, Newell, Brevet Brigadier-General 5 00 

Glover, Amos, Captain 5 00 

Grosvenor, C. II., Brevet Brigadier-General 5 00 

Ilouk, L. C, Colonel 5 00 

Jones, Chas. II., First Lieutenant 5 00 

Keifer, J. .Warren, Brevet Major-General 5 00 

Knight, George A., Captain 5 00 

McDermont, C, Surgeon 5 00 

Marshall, D. W., Colonel 5 00 

Morgan, O. II., Captain 5 00 

Morgan, William A., Lieutenant 5 00 

Pepoon, G. W., Adjutant 5 00 

Putnam, David, Colonel 5 00 

Taylor, David, Jr., Captain %. 5 00 

Ward. Durbin, Brevet Brigadier-General.... 5 00 

Wilder, J. T., Brevet Brigadier-General 5 00 

Total $105 00 



Army of the Cumberland. 


JAst of Members who Paid Dues for the Year 1881, at the Chattanooga 


Alcorn, W. W., Private. 
Avery, John G., Private. 
Babbitt, Henry S., Captain. 
Balding, T. E., Captain. 
Barnett, James, B't Biig.-Gen. 
Bates, Caleb, Major. 
Betts, Charles M., Colonel. 
Bigelow, IT. W., Captain. 
Blaekme'r, Collins, Captain. 
Blackstone, J., Jr., Captain. 
Blakeley, Archibald, Lieut-Col. 
Bronson, John P., Private. 
Carrington, Julius M., Lieutenant. 
Canfield, Geo. S., Captain. 
Chapin, Horace, Captain. 
Chapman, Justin H., Captain. 
Cist, Henry M., B't Brig.-Gen.' 
Cochran, R. H., Lieutenant. 
Coe, E. S., Lieut.-Colonel. 
Cole, A. S., Major. 
Conover, .John, Colonel. 
Cow in, W. C, Captain. 
Crane, Wm. E., Captain. 
Cruft, Charles, B't Maj.-Gen. 
Devol, H. F., B't Brig.-Gen. 
Doolittle, Cliarles C , B't Maj.-Gen. 
Dornbush, Henry, Captain. 
Dowling, P. H., Captain. 
DuBarry, II. B., Major. 
Earnshavv, Wm., Chaplain. 
Ehvood, J. G., Captain. 
Free, John W., Major. 
Fullerton, J. S., B't Brig.-Gen. 
Gentsch, Charles, Captain. 
Goodspeed, W. F., Major. 
Grimshaw, James W., Lieutent. 
Heighway, A. E., Surgeon. 

Hills, Edward F., Lientenant. 
Herman, W. F., Lieut.-Colonel. 
Hunter, Robert, Captain. 
Isom, John F., Captain. 
Jaquet, J. W., Lieutenant. 
Jones, Frank J., Major. 
Kahlo, Frank, Sergeant. 
Kelly, W. I., Surgeon. 
Kelly, R. M, Colonel. 
Kilgour, Wm. M., B't Brig.-Gen. 
Lambert, W. II., Major. 
Lane, P. P., Colonel. 
Lum, Charles M., Colonel. 
Ludwick, J. B., Captain. 
McAdams, Wm., Lieutenant. 
McCrory, Wm., Captain. 
Martin, John A., Colonel. 
Milward, H. K., Colonel. 
Milward, W. R., Colonel. 
Miller, John A., Sergt.-Major, 
Michie, James C, Captain. 
Mills, Samuel J., Surgeon. 
Morgan, James D., B't Brig.-Gen. 
Moore, Albert, Lieut.-Colonel. 
Nicholson, John P., Lieut.-Colonel, 
Noble, S. C, Private. 
Nye, Daniel H., Captain. 
Paine, C. N., Captain. 
Paikhurst, J. G., B't Brig.-Gen. 
Rhoides, Oliver T., Corporal. 
Ricks, A. J., Captain. 
Romeyn Henry, Captain. 
Ruhm, John, Lieutenant. 
Russell, A. 0., Major. 
Shepherd, A. G., Colonel. 
Slade, Samuel, Captain. 
Sloan, H. H., Private. 


Report of Treasurer. 5 7 

Smith, J. 0., B't Brig-Gen. Wilkin, Eli, Captain. 

Steele, John W., B't Lieut.-Col, Willard, H. II., Private. 

Tannehill, C. 0., Captain. Wormer, G. S., B't Brig. -Gen. 

Tinker, Henry II., Captain. Woolson, Alvin M., Sergt.. Major. 

Vedder, F. M., Private. Wyman F. 0., Sergeant. 

Waite, Norman, Major, Zahm, Lewis, B't Brig.-Gen, 

Army of the Cumberland. 


Names of Members who Paid Society Dues since the Chattanooga Meeting, 
September, 1881, ivith Dates of Payment. 

Date of Years for which Dues 

Payment. Names. Paid. 


Sept. 29. Hedges, Joseph S., Brevet Major 1880. 

Oct. 4. Boynton, II. V.. Brevet Brigadier-General..! 880, 1881. 

5. Hedges, Joseph S., Brevet Major 1881. 

7. Sanford, J. E., Private 1881. 

8. White, G. F., Colonel 1880, 1881. 

10. Burns, Robert, Colonel 1881. 

13. Sloeum, J. J., Colonel 1881. 

Nov. 11. Peters, Matthew H., Major.. 1880, 1881. 

22. Kellogg, S. C, Colonel - 1876, 1879, 1880, 1881. 

22. Hale, J. H., Captain 1881. 

28. Mussey, It. D., Brevet Brigadier-General... .1880, 1881. 

29. Wilson, W. C, Colonel 1881. 

Deo. 3. Storer, J. B. ( Lieutenant 1881. 


Jan. 21. Pettit, W. II., Lieutenant 1881 and account 1882. 

25. Hough, A. L., Colonel 1881. 

26. Opdyke, E., Brevet Major-General 1881. 

30. Gleason, Newell, Brevet Brigadier-General. .1881. 
Feb. 23. Wood, Thomas J., Brevet Major-General... 1881. 
March 9. Underwood, A. B., Brevet Major-General.... 1880, 1881. 

11. Whipple, Wm. D., Brevet Major-General. ..1881. r 
24, Bogue, K. G., Surgeon 1881. 

May 23. Sheridan, P. H., Lieutenant-General 1881. 

July 18. Spalding. E.G., Lieutenant 1881. 

21. Melendy, 11. W., Captain 1881. 

Sept. 5. Conrad, Joseph, Brevet Colonel 1881. 

9. Hatry, A. G., Colonel 1881. 

12. Zollinger, C. A., Colonel 1881. 

12. Wing, Charles T., Colonel 1881. 

12. Watson, Pliney, Lieutenant 1881. 

12. Toll, Charles H , Major 1881. 

12. Tillman, W., Colonel 1881. 

12. Smith, John W., Captain 1881. 

12. Sinclair, Wm. II., Brevet Colonel 1881. 

12. Rockwell, A. F., Colonel 1881. 

12. Poe, O, M., Brevet Brigadier-General 1881. 

Report of Treasurer. 


Date of 


Sept. 12. 














































Years for which Dues 

Perkins, George T., Colonel 1881. 

Otis, E. A., Captain 1881. 

Newton, .J. B., Captain 1881. 

Mansfield, I. F., Captain 1881. 

Mosenmeir, B., Surgeon 1881.- 

McCook, John J., Colonel 1881. 

McClurg, A. C, Brevet Brigadier-General...l881. 

Jones, Toland, Colonel 1881. 

Kumler, John F., Sergeant 1881. 

Howe, George W., Lieutenant 1881. 

Hills, E. F., Lieutenant 1881. 

Ilapeman, D., Colonel 1881. 

Harman, P. M., Captain 1881. 

Goodloe, G. Clay, Lieutenant 1881. 

Foote, Allan It., Lieutenant 1881. 

Fessenden, Francis, Brevet Major-General..l881. 

Duffield, Henry M., Lieutenant 1881. 

Devol, H. F., Brevet Brigadier-General .1881. 

Davis, Charles W., Colonel '. 1881. 

Clendenin, Frank, Captain 1881. 

Cable, Charles A., Captain... 1881. 

Bromley, J. J)., Surgeon 1881. 

Bond, Frank S., Colonel 1881. 

Biekham, W. D., Major 1881. 

Bestow, M. P., Colonel 1881. 

Askew, Frank, Colonel 1881. 

Adae, Carl A. G., Captain 1881. 

Anderson, N. L., Brevet Major-General. 1881. 

Boone, Thomas C, Colonel 1880, 

Burrill, J. G., Lieutenant 1880, 

Frederick, C. IL, Brevet Brigadier-General. 1880, 

Luckey, J. B., Captain 1880, 

Paine, C. N,, Captain.... 1880, 

Townsend, F., Brevet Brigadier-General.... 1880, 

Bust, II. A., Major 1880, 

Kobinson, W. A., Brevet Brigadier-General. ..1881. 

Wilson, Walter G., Private 1880, 

Plumb, Ralph, Colonel 1880, 

Kramer, W. G., Private 18S0, 

Harris, L. A., Colonel 1880, 

Hambright, II. A., Colonel 1880, 

Matthews, Stanley, Colonel 1880, 

Butterfield, D., Brevet Major-General 1880, 

Boe, William, Sergeant 1880, 

Adams, C. C, Lieutenant 1880, 



60 Army of the Cumberland. 

Date of Years for which Dues 

Payment. Names. Paid. 


Sept. 15. Wilshire, J. W., Captain 1881. 

15. Wickorsham, M. D., Colonel 188L 

15. Thomas, D. W., Captain 1881, 

15. Symes, G. G., Colonel 1881, , 

' 15. Smith, W. J., Brevet Brigadier-General .1881. 

15. Smith, Samuel B., Major...., 1881. 

15. Sturges, E. P., Major , 1881, 

15. Reynolds, J. J., Brevet Major-General.., 1881. 

15. Post, Philip Sidney, Brevet Brig.-General....l881. 

15. Palmer, M. R., Private 1881. 

15. Norton, Henry A., Captain 1881, 

15. Mather, C. J., Captain 1881. 

15. McCook, Anson G., Brevet Brig.-General 1881. 

15. Lytle, R. P., Captain 1881. 

15.. Lawrence, Samuel B., Colonel , 1881, 

15. Knight, T. S., Private ,., 1881, 

15. Heard, J. Theo., Lieut.-Col. and Surgeon 1881. 

15. Harrison, Benjamin, Brevet Brig.-Gen 1881. 

15. Harries, George H., Brevet Lieut.-Col 1881. 

15. Gross, F. H., Surgeon 1881. 

15. Foering, John 0., Captain 1881. 

15. Belding, E. B., Captain 1881. 

15. Baker, "W. W., Lieutenant-Colonel 1881. 

15. Bristow, B. H., Colonel.. 1881, 

15. Goddard, C, Colonel... 1881. 

16. Hazen, W. B., Brevet Major-General 1881. 

16. Hamilton, Alfred, Captain 1881. 

16. Tower, Z. B., Brevet Major-General 1881. 

18. Negley, J, S., Major-General 1880, 188L 

18. Wood, James W., Captain .1880, 1881. „ 

18. Bannister, D.* Colonel 1880, 188L 

18. Read, J. C, Colonel 1880, 1881, 

18. Stanley, D. S., Brevet Major-General 1881. 

Total amount , $284 00 

General Grosvenor's Oration. 





Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland : 

It is more than seventeen years since the great war 
between the armies of the United States and the Rebels, who 
sought to overthrow and destroy the Nation, ceased. The 
point of its final determination was fixed by the public 
proclamation of the President. The announcement was 
justified, because the remnants of the several Southern armies, 
which had escaped the awful grasp of Grant and Sheridan, in 
Virginia, missed annihilation at the hands of Sherman, in 
Georgia, or had fled in broken and demoralized fragments 
from the irresistible blows of Thomas, in Tennessee, had 
•availed themselves of the generous terms of unconditional 
surrender offered by the United States government, and^aid 
down their arms. 

Seventeen recurring summers have shed their perfumes 
and scattered their blossoms over the countless graves of our 
glorious dead — dead more glorious than they of the battles 
of CiESAR or Bonaparte, or any other war where liberty was 
not the stake in the conflict. Their praises have been sung 
on recurring anniversaries by millions of grateful country- 
men, and in spring time and summer, and in the golden days 
of autumn, the songs of birds have added melody to the 
requiems which have been chanted to their honor. The 
snows of full seventeen winters have wrapped their honored 

) / 

Army of the Cumberland. 

graves in chilling embrace^ and as often has spring time 
brought to their resting places beauty and flowers. 

Unlike the dead of other wars, the memories of these 
patriotic dead have not withered and grown old. Their 
places at the fireside are yet kept open, and their vacancies 
among their fellows have never been filled. We call their 
names, and mention with pride their deeds of valor. We tell 
how they marched forth, in their pride and strength, to do 
battle for their country. We get again from the sacred 
receptacles the mementoes of their service. We speak of 
their marchings and campings as of things of a few days ago. 
We refer to their battles, and fight them over, as it were, by 
our own firesides. The cheek of youth and beauty grows 
brighter at the mention of their names. The eye of age 
sparkles again with crystal testimony that the memory of 
these men is immortal. We gather at their graves in the 
village cemeteries on the recurrence of Memorial Day. We 
come in marching columns of veterans, year by year grow- 
ing shorter; year by year the ranks growing thinner; year 
by year the steps of the comrades growing more unsteady, 
and the locks that were once thick and bright, now, alas ! 
growing gray and thin. But we gather, with the old fire of 
fond love for these dead heroes still burning brightly upon 
the altars of our hearts. We gather, with youth and manly 
strength as our comrades in the pious duty. We gather with 
beauty and bright eyes, dimmed with the tears of gratitude 
and love, to share our grateful tasks. We march to the tunes 
they marched to. We follow the music to which their will r 
ing steps were attuned. We carry the old flag they loved, 
and for which they died. We come bearing offerings of 
beautiful flowers, the offerings of the beautiful season, the 
decorations God has made for the graves of those who fell in 
God's cause. When our annual task is done, we return to 

General Grosvenor's Oration. G3 

our vocations, and keep bright and warm the gratitude of 
a great country for the men who offered up their lives upon 
the altar of a nation's life. 

In all this we recognize no rank or station ; we see no stars 
or decoration. The simple fact that the dead was a soldier 
of the Grand Army is the only condition precedent to our 
love and undying remembrance of him. The dead soldiers 
of "Waterloo lie in unmarked and forgotten graves. The 
slain of great wars of conquest and subjugation, however 
nobly and heroically they died, are forgotten. The fallen 
heroes of Balaklava lie in the obscurity of forgetfulness. 
The men who came not back with C.esau and Marius, who 
has remembered them? But our dead live on. They live in 
the grand examples they set to their fellows. They live in 
the national life they made possible; they live in the broken 
shackles of the slave, and the song of hope of enfranchised 
bondmen ; they live in the hearts and memories of their 
countrymen, and, living, inspire the present generation of 
men to value the priceless boon they saved for them, and be 
jealous of the safety of the country they died to rescue. 

The dead of the wars of conquest arc forgotten. The 
dead of wars for liberty and country never die. They live 
again in the lives and actions of those of their fellow men 
who come after them, and in institutions for which they 
became martyrs. Living, they were the leaders of the 
people in the work of saving the country. Dying, they 
became as perpetual incense upon the altars of liberty. 
Their graves are shrines of our national saints, and to them* 
we will come, bearing our gifts and offerings, and at them 
we will receive anew our annual baptism of faith in the 
perpetuity of liberty, and our own rededication to its 

These seventeen years constitute an epoch of marvelous 

64 Army of the Cumber J and. 

progress. The material growth of the nation has by far 
surpassed the most enthusiastic anticipation of the men of 
1865. Geographical lines have been changed and re- 
changed. Landmarks which fixed the boundaries of ter- 
ritory, of educational standards, and perfection of civili- 
zation have been constantly removed and pushed back. 
Occupation, civilization and material expansion has invaded, 
and subjected desert waste and unbroken forest. Wealth 
has been substituted for poverty, education has supplanted 
ignorance, and virtue and Christian civilization have 
attacked, captured and destroyed many of the strongholds 
of vice and barbarism. 

This period will always be noted and distinguished as one 
conspicuous for the development of invention, the progress 
of scientific knowledge, and the perfection of art. No \ 

equal number of years that preceded it has borne so much 
and so choice fruit. Improvement, growth and develop- 
ment crowd so thickly upon our pathway that he who died 
a month ago was ignorant compared with he who lives 
to-day. And those who die this year will be less wise than 
those w r ho live until the next. 

Governments have grown better. Dogmas which had 
hitherto enslaved the minds and consciences of meji have 
been abandoned, "and lie to-day amid the debris of slave 
codes, and the physical instruments which had enslaved the 
limbs of men. From no conceivable standpoint is America 
less great, less pure> less good, or less prosperous than 
twenty years ago. From every conceivable standpoint is 
she better, richer, stronger, greater and purer. The horo- 
scope of the future opens to intelligent observation views of 
illimitable possibilities of growth, greatness and perfection of 
Government. The States lately in arms to overthrow the 
Nation, to-day share fully with the North in the blessings 

General Grosvenor' s Oration. 65 

of prosperity. The barriers of prejudice and sectionalism 
have been broken down. The people of the North and the 
people of the South know and appreciate each other, and 
we have learned that no section of this country can be 
really prosperous while any other section is suffering. 
Under the new Nation, baptised in blood, and born again to 
a new faith and new ideas of the structure of the Govern- 
ment, the flood-tide of material, educational and social 
progress has swept away the limitations of State lines and 
caste isolation, and gone, like a mighty river, down over the 
fair fields of the South, bearing on its bosom the blessings ( 

now common to the whole country. The old system of 
large laud holdings which were incidental to slave labor is 
giving away to a systematic division of the land into farms t 

for the agriculturists. Grand railroad systems from the 
North, East and West are reaching out and embracing the ^ 

systems of the South, and bringing all sections into a com- 
munity of interest. 

The staid old towns are being rebuilt, and new towns and 
cities are springing from the ashes of the dead past. North- 
ern emigration is finally being welcomed and even sought 
after. The men who fought to destroy the Union in 1861 
are its best and most intelligent friends in 1882, and the new 
race of young men which has come forward to take the 
places of the generation passing away, recognize in one 
country, one constitution and one flag the only hope for 
the regeneration and permanent welfare of the South. 

Contrast the situation to-day with the condition of the 
country in 1861, and the value of the services rendered the 
country and mankind by the soldiers of the Union armies 
can be properly and adequately appreciated. Then sectional 
hatred, discord and proscription ! Now, national respect, 
harmony and equal citizenship. Then slavery, disunion 

06 Army of the Cumberland. 

and war! Now liberty, union and peace. Then distress, 
poverty and chaos ! Now, happiness, wealth -and order. 
Then every evil that can afflict a people l>y reason of had 
government or no government ! Now every good that can 
bless a people by reason of good government, and confi- 
dence in the stability of the same. 

The grand center of this solar system of prosperity upon 
which and around which the whole fabric revolves, and 
from which it draws light, heat and hope, is the National 
Union — the Union of the States under a constitution and 
laws which, within the sphere of their creation and legal 
action, are paramount to and supreme over all other author- 
ity and all other political power. The whole grand and 
beautiful system of political, moral, intellectual and physical 
growth and development is based upon this great central 
planet. The power, right and duty of the nation, acting for 
itself and on behalf of all its component parts, to maintain, 
protect and defend its existence and supremacy against the 
evil influences and disastrous results of all dogmas, all 
heresies, all ideas that, in theory or practice, tend to lessen 
its power, dim its glory or curtail its development. The 
restoration of this Union upon this structure was the begin- 
ning of the great progress this Nation has made, and hence 
the value of the soldier's service to the world can only be 
properly and adequately estimated by a standard which 
places in one side of the scale the blessings which this 
Union affords to the people. 

Now that the Union is forever safe; now that all sections 
of the country join in allegiance to it, the time has come 
when plain language may be used to restate the issues upon 
which the war was begun and for the determination of which 
it was waged. We did not go to war for a sentiment. The 
people of the States, North and South, were too wise for 

General Grosvenor's Oration. 67 

that. We did not go to war to defend or destroy slavery- 
The people had not been educated up to that point. What 
then? It was to destroy the idea and fact of National su- 
premacy and indivisible union that the people of the South 
went to war. It was to establish, maintain, and make per- 
petual this idea that the North went to war. One side 
waged a war of destruction and demolition; the other waged 
a war for preservation and protection. The South tendered 
the issue of secession as a legal, ultimate, and possible resort 
for supposed grievance of a part of the people inflicted by 
another portion. The South said: "Under this system of 
union, when the Government does wrong to a section, that 
section may, as an ultimate remedy, dissolve the Union and 
go out, and establish a new system." The North denied all 
this. It accepted the issue thus tendered, and staked its 

honor upon it, 

Silence or modification of facts at this late day can do no 
good to any one. The future historian will award to the 
Union soldier praise above his enemy, because he was on the 
right side. Reconciliation can not be advanced or strength- 
ened by assigning to either side opinions, attitudes or actions 
which they did not hold or perform. The lessons which the 
past ought to teach to the men of to-day and the men of all 
coming time ought to be drawn from truthful and unvar- 
nished history. 

The war was entered upon, on the one hand, to destroy the 
United States — to repeal its constitution — to remodel its 
map — to make a new map of North America — to destroy the * 
old flag and make two new ones — to set aside the poetry of 
patriotism, and expunge the Fourth of July from the list of 
holidays. It was to efface the memory of Bunker's Hill and 
Concord, dim and overshadow the glory of Yorktown and 
Brandywine, and obliterate Lundy's Lane and Mexico. In 

68 Army of the Cumberland. 

short, it was a rebellion against the United States Govern- 
ment, having for its ultimate object the overthrow and de- 
struction of the Government itself. 

In its operation its effect was to disgrace and disparage 
Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson — to partition and par- 
cel out the glory of the great struggle for independence — to 
prove George Washington to have been in fact a rebel, and 
given to the achievements of the framers of the Constitution 
a coloring of failure and imbecility. It was to render the 
association of States anarchy — to overthrow the organization 
of churches and the kinship of educational interests. To 
make lines of petty kingdoms where geographical lines di- 
viding States of a common countiy had been — to organize 
hostile armies along the borders of peaceful neighborhoods, 
and erect custom houses, forts, and navy yards, dividing 
families and people of common blood and heritage. 

It was to maintain all we had of union and constitutional 
government and so enlarge its scope and operation that the 
North resisted the South in its attempts to destroy and re- 
build. Union and National Supremacy on the one hand! 
Secession and State Sovereignty on the other! Political an- 
tipodes ! Opposite poles. The differences were organic and 

It can not be denied that slavery was the cause, the occa- 
sion of the war; but the point of controversy, the real key- 
note, was the question of the real character of the Govern- 
ment itself. A foul political heresy was adopted by the 
leaders of the South, and passion, ignorance, and prejudice 
brought the masses to their support. The essential princi- 
ples of the national compact arrayed the intelligent leaders 
of public opinion in the North upon the side of the Union, 
and patriotism and love of country and liberty brought the 
masses of her people to the standard of national supremacy. 

General Grosvenor' s Oration. 69 

Inasmuch as the ideas to which either side gave support 
were irreconcilable and beyond the scope of compromise, so 
too, in the end, the physical power of one side had to be de- 
stroyed before the end could come. And so it was. The 
heresy was not abandoned until the cannon ceased to echo 
on that side. The dogma of State Sovereignty was not for- 
saken until the long battalions of gray had been shortened 
into squads of weary and broken soldiers. Repentance came 
when resistance was impossible. The cause was branded 
" lost" when its defense could not be longer maintained. 

To-day we meet the brave men who sought the destruction 
of the Government as brothers, one and all — brothers in al- 
legiance to the saved and glorified nation. We harbor no 
trace of animosity toward them, but we can not forbid our- 
selves the happy thought that in this great contest we were 
on the right side. Not the right side made so by numerical 
strength; not the right of power; not the fact alone of vic- 
tory. There is nothing in that. The overthrow of the 
enemy on the field, the capture of his men and munitions of 
war, may seem to call forth a shout from the victor at the 
moment ; but in mere abstract victory over a gallant foe, 
there can be no lasting cause for rejoicing. Nay, comrades, 
our joy is for a reason higher and better than that. 

AVe do not rejoice to-day because at Nashville we over- 
threw the army of Hood, and saw from the heights of Over- 
ton his dismayed, foot-sore, hungry, and destroyed army 
flying in confusion from the dread columns of the sainted 
and immortal Thomas. It is not because the grand army of 
Lee was surrounded and crushed out of existence by the trained 
and invincible army of Grant under the magnetic leadership 
of our own Sheridan. Not that. It is not because Sher- 
man, in the Carolinas, had his unfailing and unfaltering grip 
on the throat of the rebellion, and was hedging in the lines 

70 Army of the Cumberland. 

of retreat for the rebel government itself. No, not that. 
These things were glory enough for a time. But it is be- 
cause the Union was saved by our valor and our skill ; it is 
because the citadel of liberty was rescued from desecration 
by our arms that we rejoice with an exceeding great joy. 

We assemble at our annual memorial altars, and cast the 
offerings of eloquence, of tears, of flowers, of music, over 
the graves of our fellow comrades because they died in a 
just cause; because the ark of our political covenant, for 
the protection of which they fought, and around which they 
died, was finally brought in triumph from tbe fields made 
glorious by their blood, and because the key-stone of the 
arch, which the builders of the political dogma of secession 
had rejected, has become the chief stone of the corner. 

The dead heroes of Thermopylae and Balaklava are to us 
typical of personal prowess and unflinching courage. The 
dead of our war are glorified heroes of a conflict in which 
right triumphed over wrong, and in which political virtue 
and human liberty were made possible. We honor the dead 
of the Southern army for that display of bravery and endur- 
ance which challenge admiration always from all men. We 
honor the dead of our army for all these qualities, and bless 
them for having saved to us and posterity the blessings of a 
united and prosperous country ; made self-government no 
longer an experiment, and established the equality of all 
men before the law. 

These ideas can not be too often and too strongly reiterated, 
or too forcibly impressed upon coming generations ,/)f 
Americans. No Southern man, whether he fought for the 
" lost cause," and saw the "bonnie blue flag" go down in 
defeat, or whether he remained at home, loyal to his section, 
if to-day he is equally loyal to the Union, the Constitution, 
and tbe Hag, can complain of this. No true men who stood 



General Gvosvenor's Oration. 71 

for the Union in those hours of peril and darkness ought to 
consent to less. We can not have the benefit of the greatest 
lesson ever taught by war, if we shut our eyes and stop our 
ears to the self-evident facts which stand out all alone: the 
history of the past. When " war legislates," we must read 
the debates in order to understand the spirit and purpose of 
the enactment. 

The time has come when the men who shared in the hard- 
ships and glories of the campaigns for the Union ought to 
see to it that not only fair, full and just records be made of 
the work done, and the parts taken by the men and com- 
mands of the army be written and printed, but that the ideas, 
opinions, motives and inspirations of the men thus engaged 
be fully and candidly written. It is gratifying to know that 
much is being done in this direction. The work ought to be 
done, and all completed and made perfect by men who 
inarched in the campaigns and fought in the battles. "We 
did not leave it to future soldiers to save the Nation. We did 
not relegate to coming statesmen the task of restoring the 
systems of laws and governments. We did not leave it to 
unborn financiers to restore commercial confidence and bring 
about the condition of prosperity which we enjoy. All that 
has been done, in part at least, and very largely by the men 
who, with arms in their hands, made all these things possible. 
It will be well if the men of the war, the soldiers who 
marched and fought, leave behind them full, complete, and 
% exhaustive records of all that was done by every corps and 

detachment of the army. There will never be so intelligent 
and perfect a history of our war written by others as has 
been and will be written by the men who acted in the scenes 
they describe. So, too, no mere looker-on can be depended 
on to write so well of the causes of the war, the motives of 

72 Army of the Cumberland. 

the soldiers when they volunteered, and the results of the 
conflict, as can the men who felt the motives and understood 
the cause at the time. The true soldier, who writes of 
events in which he participated, will not seek to disparage 
the achievements of others, nor overstate the merits of his 
own command. 

But we can not shut our eyes, if we would, to the very un- 
pleasant fact that, already the history,- so plain, simple and 
fully understood by us, of some of our most important 
battles and campaigns is being shrouded in the mists and 
mysteries of diversified history. AVe read the criticisms of 
our generals, and fail to recognize the battles in which we 
participated. Statements are made disparaging the career 
of some officer, and, anon, a graphic account of a campaign 
in which he acted appears, written to sustain the malicious 
assaults upon him, and his own staff officers have to re-read 
the statement in order to know what battle and what cam- 
paign is thus being prostituted to the accomplishment of 
some man's envy, malice, or ignorance. These alleged histori- 
cal reminiscences are written upon the smallest possible 
provocation, and to subserve all sorts of ends. If you read 
the current literature of the South carefully, and give weight 
to the longest line of witnesses, you will inevitably conclude 
that the Southern army was never whipped, and that, on in- 
numerable occasions, the old idea that one Southern man 
could whip six Yankees was a mild and gentle statement of 
what they finally did whenever occasion offered. And turn- 
ing to our own battle-sketches, and giving full faith and | 
credit to all that we read, we wonder that the famous 
prophecy of Governor Seward, that the war would end in 
ninety days, failed of accomplishment. 

When the war was over, the soldiers of all the armies that 

General Grosvenor' s Oration. 

had participated on both sides, the people of this*country at 
large and the great soldiers and wise men of the world as- 
signed General Grant to a very high position as a soldier 
and commander. They said his preparation and organiza- 
tion was of the highest type; that his strategy was of the 
best order; that his rapid and persistent execution had not 
been excelled. We believed him a safer commander than 
Bonaparte, a mnch more accurate and accomplished soldier 
than Wellington, and, beyond all doubt, a General with 
fewer blunders than either. To-day it can be .shown from 
current and contemporaneous history that he was never pre- 
pared for a campaign, new nothing of strateg} 7 and never j 
won a battle, or if he did nominally achieve something in 
the way of holding a battlefield, taking guns and prisoners 
and driving away rebel armies, it came either by accident or , 
from some spontaneous uprising of his soldiers which he 
neither originated nor knew of until it was all over. The 
friend of our great commander — great in all that pertains to 
his career as a soldier — beyond all cavil — may console our- 
selves that his most merciless critics scanned his strategy and 
battles from safe positions, and ganged the weight of his 
blows and the wisdom of his plans by the sounds they heard 
and movements they saw from a distance. What soldier of 
the war, what disinterested civilian, what critic of the Old 
World to-day rates Ulysses S. Grant lower for all this? 

The fame of more than one of our comrades and great 
leaders has been thus assailed. From time to time the hate- 
ful exigencies of partisan politics have brought down upon a 
gallant soldier the slanders of men who wrote or spoke simply 
to accomplish a result in that arena of falsehood and treach- 
ery. The barbed arrows thus projected have penetrated and 
wounded more than one gallant soldier and caused heart- 

Army of the Cumberland. 

sickness to many a true man. By these instrumentalities, 
taken at their face value, Grant is gone; Sherman, the me- 
teoric genius of war is destroyed ; Buell, than whom no more 
sterling patriot or better soldier ever drew sword for his 
country, was long ago assigned to oblivion. Meade died 
smarting under the lash of post helium criticism. McClellan 
exposed himself to the attack of an enemy more fatally de- 
structive of soldierly fame than ever were Springfield mus- 
kets — a political campaign, and where is he now? Rose- 
crans did the same, and his career as a soldier hangs in mid- 
air. Logan has had more than "forty rounds" fired upon 
him, but he yet lives, and his fame and the fame of his gal- 
lant corps is proof against malice, envy, and detraction. 

But time would fail if an attempt was made to name half 
the instances of the character referred to. It may, however, 
be well said, and properly too, on an occasion like this, that 
to our Society there yet remains one name which has not 
been dragged in the mire of unfair comment for partisan 
purposes. They have left us the gallant rider of Cedar Creek, 
the matchless thunderbolt of the Wilderness and Richmond. 
Phil. Sheridan is unassailed and unharmed. That figure, 
' strong, popular, and brilliant at the close of the war, has 
grown more brilliant and stronger as years have added wis- 
dom to his head, and history has dealt with his achievements. 
The other day, in the city of Frankfort-on-the-Main, cer- 
tain Americans were looking at a wonderful painting pur- 
porting to be a panoramic view of the closing hours of Se- 
dan, and, after careful survey of the shattered columns of ft 
the French, the grand marshaling of the Germans, and all 
of the great picture, one American suddenly took off his hat, 
pointed toward the canvas, and waving it over his head 
shouted: "Three cheers for the Star Spangled Banner!" 

General Grosvenor' s Oration. 75 

The attendant guide looked shocked, and insisted that no 
American flag was in sight. But the tourist pointed to a 
group of officers, a little to the right of old Kaiser William 
and his staff, and triumphantly shouted : " Look there ! Is 
not that the American flag? It looks like something I took 
for that in the Valley of Virginia." The guide looked where 
the enthusiastic American had pointed, and replied : " That 's 
no American flag. That's General Phil. Sheridan watching 
the battle." Our friend looked at the guide with scorn upon 
every feature, and said: "What's the difference?" But Old 
Time is rapidly flanking General Sheridan, and driving him 
into a place where he can not escape the arrows of criticisms, 
and his past career will have no immunity not accorded to 
his present official acts. It will be discovered, when the Lieu- 
tenant-General becomes Commander-in-Chief, that certain 
gentlemen all along had their opinion of him. 

But amid all these thunder storms of unfair and carping 
criticism the hearts of the soldiers of the war have been 
beating true to their first impressions and first opinions. 
They do not and will not admit that they misunderstood 
their leaders. They will not consent that in 18GG they esti- 
mated certain men as possessing the qualities of heroes and 
successful officers, and that, later on, they were shown to be 
mistaken by writers upon strategy and military science and 
skill. To-day the soldiers, of the Army of the Cumberland, 
who survived the war and yet live, are as ready as ever to as- 
sert that General Buell organized his army with skill second 
to that of no man, and they condemn the assaults made upon, 
his honor and zeal by post bellurn critics. The soldier still 
asserts, in defiance of scientific writers, that General Grant 
was and is the incarnation of successful war — the true em- 
bodiment of military success wrested from fate by hard and 

76 Army of the Cumberland. 

well-delivered blows. Time but adds to the luster of his 
laurels, and the more so as we compare his career and 
achievements with other leaders upon other battlefields of 
the world. The soldier still asserts that Thomas exhibited 
the perfection of great soldierly acquirements. That he was 
so gentle among his soldiers, and yet so Jove-like in battle, 
the shafts of criticism are shivered in pieces upon the imper- 
vious shield of his noble character, and fly back to plague 
the envious men who, from time to time, have fired them. 

It may safely be said that there lingers in the hearts of 
the soldiers of our army nought but respect and love for 
Old Rosy. They recognize in him, despite all that has been 
said, the soldier of strong loyalty and unfaltering faith in 
his men, of brilliant power of organization, and persistent 
tenacity of action. The memory of the great battle of Stone 
"River, of the terrible march in mud and rain to Tullahoma, 
and the days of bloody Chickamauga will stand like a shield 
between the Rosecrans of the war and he whom criticism 
assails. Men may carp and belittle Sherman, but the men 
who felt him on the bloody left at Mission Ridge and saw 
him during the matchless achievements of the Atlanta cam- 
paign, and rode with him through Georgia will always hail 
Sherman as the very embodiment of their ideas of a great 
soldier, a true man and a faithful friend. 

And so for all. One star may. differ from another in mag- 
nitude — magnitude of orbit and opportunity — but they are 
all stars in our glorious constellation, and we will not see 
the system marred by the destruction of. one meritorious, 

E~ow, comrades, the value of the Unicn has thus been 
imperfectly stated ; the honor you achieved in its salvation 
and perpetuation has been thus faintly outlined. There 

General Grosvenor's Oration. 77 

remains yet a duty, yea, a series of duties for you to perform 
toward this glorious Union. You will not be called upon 
again to defend its organic existence upon the battlefield ; 
not again will you be called upon to shoulder arms and 
march, to bivouac, to fight and die in battle for the Union 
of these States. Your valor, yonr perseverance, your pa- 
triotism, has placed all that beyond the possibility of destruc- 
tion in the future. No hands will be lifted against it; no 
attempt will be made to overthrow it by force and violence ; 
but, on an occasion like this, it can not be deemed improper 
that the attention of the soldiers of the country should be 
called again to their duty in reference to the future of the 
Nation. This is your government. You stand upon its bat- 
tlements to guard the avenues of approach by which its 
enemies from without and within may assail it. You are 
the "Old Guards" of honor of the Republic. You bear 
upon your bosoms the decorations of honor which make 
you fit to be the custodians of the Nation's integrity and the 
preservers of the National prosperity. As in 1861 all party 
lines were forgotten and all divisions of partisan opinion 
were abandoned, so too, while we yet live, when danger ap- 
proaches the Republic, when the citadel is threatened by any 
foe, it will be our duty to forget all other considerations 
save and except only the love we bear and the duty we owe 
to the government of the Union. 

Proud as we are as a Nation, grand and beautiful as is the 
outlook before us, widespread and universal as is the great 
growth of our happiness and prosperity, there yet lurk, in the 
very organic structure of our government, elements that 
may become dangerous to its perpetuity. Political power 
lodged in the hands of all men, grand as it is to subserve the 
best interests of the country, powerful as it is to save the 

78 Army of the Cumberland. 

Nation, yet, under ordinary circumstances, may become an 
element of positive danger and overthrow. Let the soldiers 
of the United States join whatever political power they see 
lit, and act in the discharge of their duty as citizens, with 
the best light they have, but let a few things, a few opinions, 
a few demands, a few ideas, be held in common by every 
one of them. Let us demand purity of National, State, and 
municipal administration. Let us punish corruption with 
the wrath of an offended and outraged people, wherever 
it shows its form and shape. Let us demand the most 
rigid honesty in the administration of all the public affairs 
of the people of this country, and let us brand as a 
traitor to his country and an enemy to his race the man who, 
by means of political promotion, seeks to aggrandize his 
personal fortune at the expense of the public treasury. Upon 
this platform we can all unite, and, as in the great contests 
of the war, it was well to have the brave soldiers of the 
Union army distributed all along the skirmish line, occupy- 
ing every possible position of approach of the enemy, so, too, 
in these milder conflicts in the political arena, where the 
country is imperiled by the insidious approach of corruption 
and bad administration, it is well that the soldiers of the 
Grand Army shall be distributed along the whole battle- 
front, and stand upon the outposts of every political organ- 
ization and every association of men, to raise the cry of dan- 
ger at the approach of the mere skirmishers of the enemy of 
our prosperity. 

Again, let the soldiers of the Union demand that the 
touchstone of political preferment shall be honesty and 
capacity. Let them, however strong in partisan attachment 
they may be, yet demand that no good servant of the 
Government, no faithful administrator of its justice or its 

General Grosvenor' s Oration. 79 

purposes shall be humiliated and crushed down because he 
does or does not subscribe to the special interests of any 
special party or man. 

Place the civil service of the Government away above 
written rules and regulations; place it where we have placed 
the education of our people, upon the great questions of 
loyalty and union ; place the idea of civil service reform and 
the purity and honor of the civil service, in the education, 
in the hearts, in the love of the people, and the citadel can 
never successfully be attacked. Differ we may, and prop- 
erly, about methods of administration, and we may differ 
fairly about results of administration. We may select divers 
roads, but we must all travel toward one common center of 
governmental perfection. 

Again, let the soldier demand that, under all circumstances 
and forever, the maimed or disabled soldier of the war, his 
widow, his orphan, his mother, his father, shall be the wards 
and beneficiaries of the justly distributed bounty of the Gov- 
ernment. See to it and demand it that the pledge of the 
people of this country made to the soldiers in 1861 shall 
never be forgotten, shall never be compromised, shall always 
be sacredly and honorably fulfilled. 

Be ever ready to forward the cause of education in all 
directions. The safety and perpetuity of this Nation depends 
upon the intelligence and education of her people. Let us 
see to it that the sons of veterans, the sons of the men who 
fought for the Union, shall come forward when this genera- 
tion shall have passed away — come forward like a grand | 
phalanx of trained soldiers to take the place upon the battle- 
ments of those that have fallen in the fight. So shall the 
country which your valor saved never retroact. So shall the 
pure germ of union, of liberty, of good government, of edu- 

80 Army of the Citinberland. 

cation and civilization, which you sowed deep in the soft, 
warm soil of the hearts of the American people grow, 
nourish and hecome a great tree, in the branches of which 
may come and rest, as the fowls of the air, the oppressed of 
all nations and find home, rest, prosperity and happiness. 

One year ago this Society had the sad pleasure of meet- 
ing — at the time our distinguished, beloved, and now forever 
sainted Garfield lay dead — upon the classic ground of Chat- 
tanooga. At that gathering there came to greet us thousands 
of the war-crimed and war-scarred veterans of the " lost 
cause." That meeting will never be forgotten by any Union 
soldier present, while life shall last, and it is but fitting, here 
and now, in this cooler clime, amid the surroundings such as 
glorious, loyal and free Wisconsin always gives the soldier, 
that proper and happy reference shall be made to that 
famous gathering. The proclamation of the President had 
officially said the war had ended sixteen years before. The 
States had retaken their places at the family hearthstone of 
Congress and the places of Government. But to the soldier 
the fact had not fully penetrated until the^neniorable gather- 
ing upon Cameron Hill. There came the chivalry and glory 
of the Confederate army, and there with arms outstretched, 
with glistening eyes and gladsome words, with nothing kept 
back, they met us as brothers of a common heritage and a 
common destiny. The restraints of former enmities were 
not experienced. The positions of victor and vanquished 
were not assigned. The old, battle-scarred flag of the late 
Confederacy was pulled down by hands that had done grand 
fighting to uphold it, and the same hands raised high the old 
banner of "beauty and glory," and thousands of strong and 
true hearts again pledged eternal fidelity to the Union and 
the Constitution. It was a grand and fitting ceremony. It 

General Grosvenor's Oration. 81 

properly was performed by the heroic men who had bared 
their breasts to the leaden hail of war. It was meet that 
they, in the presence of the true men of the other side, should 
thus revive again the pledge of loyalty and faith to the 
Union. The flight of a year has not made less graphic or 
less dramatic that scene from real life. Over the grave of a 
dead soldier, by the bier of a dead President of a common 
country, the animosities of a generation of hatred were for- 
gotten, never to be revived, and the veterans of the Union 
left that sacred spot with the sentiment on every tongue : 

" Blot out the lines that would divide 
And desecrate our sod ; 
Bind close our States, give us one law, 
One Union and one God." 

The ceremony had the solemn earnestness of genuineness. 
No man felt humbler for aught that he did or said. No man 
felt jjrouder for the part he bore in it. All felt that after 
years of political conflict and partisan recrimination and 
failure of fraternal restoration, the right spot had been found, 
the right men were present, and the right hour had come to 
bury forever out of sight and out of hearing the last vestige 
of sectional difference. 

Men and brethren — brothers of a common heritage, of 
liberty and equality; sharers of a common faith in God, and 
in the common, free gift of religious, civil, and political free- 
dom — may we not receive with an abiding faith the assur- 
ance, seen and felt on every hand, that henceforth and for- 
ever the land we love shall be rent with civil war no more; 
that here freedom, peace and prosperity shall make their 
abiding place, and that here forever fraternity and brotherly 
harmony shall dwell. 

Hail, then, to the soldiers who, in the hour of peril, made 

Army of the Cumberland. 

the Union and Nationality again possible ! Hail, then, to the 
gallant men who, when disunion became impossible, came 
again to the altar of liberty, and, by their good faith and 
strong devotion, then and there, forever more, made " Liberty 
and the Union one and inseparable, now and forever." 

General Cox's Oration-. 83 








The Youth and Early Manhood of 


Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland: 

When we met at Chattanooga, a year ago, the country 
was under the terrible gloom which followed the death of 
President Garfield, and our meeting was turned into a 
funereal ceremony instead of being the joyous festival which 
the reunion of veterans of the war has usually been. For 
mournful and pathetic interest it will long be remember- 
ed; for among all the solemn assemblies in which the 
nation's grief found expression, there was, there could be 
none in which the people who took part in it, and the local 
surroundings, all combined to lend such interest to the scene, 
and to give such deep significance to the occasion. 

AVe stood on Cameron Hill, the height which was the 
stronghold of our army, covering and defending Chattanooga 
on the west and south after the Army of the Cumberland re- 
assembled there, coming from the desperate tight at Chicka- 
mauga, eighteen years ago that day. Above us, the cliffs of 
Lookout Mountain rose toward the clouds, which floated 
high that lovely morning, revealing the precipices around 
which they loured when our comrades, a little later, fought 
their way through the mists to gain those rugged heights. 
Over the town and across the plain, in the east, Mission 
Ridge stretched its long mountain crest southward, and we 
could see the depression in its outline which marked the gap 

Army of the Cumberland. 

at Rossville, through which he whom we mourned turned 
from the confused and retreating crowd on the Dry Valley 
road to make his way again to the front, on the other side 
of the mountain, where the left wing, under Thomas the in- 
domitahle, was still fiercely battling on the hills around the 
Snodgrass house. Between us and the ridgu the minute 
guns flashed forth from the site of Fort Wood, and coming 
up the slope on which we stood we heard the rattling drums 
mark the steady pace of a column of Confederate soldiers, 
coming now, not to storm our lines, hut to unite with us in 
hoisting to the mast-head the flag of our reunited country 
as a pledge of patriotic devotion, and in placing it at half- 
mast as a symbol of our common grief. 

None who were there can doubt that this last was the 
most touching and significant feature of the day. Many 
Southern men and women had assembled there who found, 
perhaps to their own astonishment, that they could not re- 
press the convulsive sob as they thought of the sufferings 
and the death of the nation's official head, and realized, as 
they had not done before, that the wounds of the recent 
strife were really healed, and that their hearts beat in unison 
with ours both in the pride in the beautiful emblem of the 
nation's power, and in the sorrow, the uncontrollable sor- 
row, that our chief ruler had gone to his death in so strange 
and agonizing a way. They woke to a realization that sym- 
pathy with the terrible succession of days of suffering at 
Washington and at Elberon had made the name of Garfield 
dear to them as that of a friend, and sacred as that of their 
own chosen ruler, the President of their own country, to 
whom a loyal devotion was now unforced, and for whom 
their grief was heartfelt and spontaneous. 

For us who had been his comrades and his personal 
friends, the deep feeling of those who had once been his 
enemies in arms was inexpressibly moving. We saw how 

General Cox's Oration. 85 

the mysterious providence which had allowed his taking off, 
might have compensations in it which we had not imagined, 
and were rebuked in our half-rebellious sorrow which had 
made us ready to question the action of the Judge of all the 
Earth. It softened and took off something of the bitterness 
of our emotion, and made the blow a little easier to bear, 
though we still went about like a stricken family, wondering 
that the sky could be so bright above the scenes of his for- 
mer glory, where the echoing cannon shots and the meas- 
ured tread of marching men brought the past so vividly be- 
fore us as we repeated mechanically, " He is gone ! " 

" Ilim shall no sunshine from the fields of azure, 
No drum-beat from the wall, 
No morning gun from the black fort's embrasure 
Awaken with its call ! " 

Since that day eulogies have been spoken in the capitol 
of the country, and in nearly every town and village in the 
land. The grief of the people for the lost ruler, their de- 
testation of the crime by which he died, their admiration 
for his great and brilliant qualities, have all been told and 
told again, till the vocabulary of praise, of love, of sorrow 
and of dismay would seem to be exhausted. In this, as in 
other sufferings, time has been doing his kindly work in 
healing our wounds; and, whilst the sentiment of our coun- 
trymen has taken a permanent form of tender regard and 
respectful veneration for the memory of the departed states- 
man, it is a wise provision of our nature that the intensity 
of a first great sorrow should not be too lasting, and that we 
can now look upon his life and character with a calmer esti- 
mate than was possible a year ago. 

Let then the spontaneous and unpremeditated expression 
of our feelings which found vent at our last meeting stand 
as the sincere and unaffected utterance of what was and is 
in all our hearts. Let the pain which was then written in 

86 Army of the Cumberland. 

the countenances of those who had heen his foes in the field 
and his opponents in politics continue to be the best evidence 
of the universality of the sense of personal affliction, north 
and south. jSTo words we could now use would be half so 
full of meaning as that inarticulate evidence of sympathy 
and regard in which there could be no hypocrisy. Let us 
turn now to the calmer task of learning the lessons which 
his life may teach, and of fixing, while we may, some of our 
personal memories of the man. 

My theme this evening will be the youth and early man- 
hood of Garfield — his growth in mind and body till he was 
fitted to do a man's work in the world, and his career 
until the time when he left the Army of the Cumberland to 
take his place in the national legislature. This will include 
the period of his labors in the legislature of his state, and his 
military services as your comrade, and will be quite as broad 
a field as I shall be able to cover in the hour allotted to me. 
It may be questioned whether the time has yet come for a 
calm and judicial estimate of his place among the statesmen 
of the country. The tone of even his most earnest political 
opponents has, with very few exceptions, been singularly 
kind and appreciative; but the personal judgment of the 
man is another thing from the measurement of his purposes 
and aims, his political principles and the public objects which 
he strove to reach. These last are what must determine his 
wisdom as a legislator and his importance as a public char- 
acter. Our estimates of him in these respects will neces- 
sarily be modified by our agreement or disagreement with 
his political creed. 

In his earlier life, however, there is nothing with which 
any member of this Society could lack sympathy. It cul- 
minated in the performance of a soldier's duty in which you 
were his associates. In his preparation for this, many of you 
will recall the counterpart in your own experience. In its 

General Cox's Oration. 


performance* all of you shared liis zeal, his soldierly pride 
and courage, and his devotion to the national cause. It is 
the Garfield you knew whom we shall try to recall to-night. 
Oar inquiry will he how he grew to he the man he was at 
Chickamauga, and thereby became fit for the longer, if not 
more important career that followed. 

General Garfield was in his thirtieth year when the 
great war of the rebellion broke out. He was just reaching 
the maturity of his powers, and his earlier life and education 
are of interest to us, because they enable us to understand 
how his full stature was reached. His death came so soon 
after his elevation to the Presidency as to mingle the exag- 
gerations of the political campaign with the memorial no- 
tices of his early history, and to give, in some respects, a 
misleading notion of the circumstances of his boyhood, 
which had so much to do with the making of the man. It 
is of the essence of campaign literature to do this. Popular 
enthusiasm is to be roused, and whatever will give strong 
contrasts of light and shade, or add the character of pictur- 
esqueness to the cause of a candidate, is seized upon and 
used to the utmost. Garfield, himself, frequently exhibited 
his dislike of the sensational way in which his youth was de- 
picted to the country. He modestly claimed to be, what he 
was, a liberally educated man, to whom, after the usual pre- 
paratory studies, a college of high rank among the educa- 
tional institutions of the country had given the best intel- 
lectual discipline which young Americans may ordinarily 
procure before assuming the responsibilities of life. The cir- 
cumstances which made his education dependent upon his 
own exertions involved what it is the fashion to speak of as 
hardship, but it never appeared so to him. If the earliest 
discipline was somewhat Spartan in its character, it had the 
best features of the Spartan training, in cultivating manly 

self-reliance and decision in the boy, without crushing his 
6 J to 

88 Army of the Cumbcrlcuid. 

hope or abating his confidence of success. We call that a 
good education which takes the child onward by systematic 
steps from the time when he becomes capable of receiving 
literary and scientific instruction in its elementary forms, 
opening to him the successive stages of mental training as 
he becomes ready for them, with such consecutiveness and 
freedom from great interruptions as may make his course 
fairly continuous and regularly progressive. Tested by this 
standard, Garfield was thoroughly well educated. As to 
his moral and religious training, he had the advantage of be- 
ing bred in a community singularly earnest and intelligent in 
its religious convictions, and where the temptations to vice 
were, doubtless, far below the average. 

I can think of few more healthy places for the growth 
of mind and body than a farming community in Northern 
Ohio fifty years ago. The Connecticut Western Reserve, by 
virtue of its dedication to the support of schools in the old 
state, seemed to prompt its settlers to double zeal in making 
their own common schools impart, not only the rudimentary 
education necessary to the ordinary duties of life, but a 
thirst for higher and more complete learning, which should 
lead the brightest and most ambitious of their youth to deter- 
mine upon Avorking their way through the academy and col- 
lege into the full enjoyment of the most precious gifts of 
knowledge. The country was just passing from the rude 
condition of first settlements in the Avilderness to that of a 
thriving agricultural region, dotted with prosperous villages. 
Here and there were academics and high schools,built almost 
as quickly as their churches, and some of which were to 
ripen into colleges by the time the boys who were born in 
the woods, like Garfield, should be old enough to enter 
them. The community itself was one in which republican 
simplicity and equality were at their best. None were rich, 
but nearly all were thrifty and intelligent. None could live 

General Cox's Oration. 89 

in idleness, and although one farmer might have more acres 
or a larger barn than another, the hoys and girls of all alike 
worked upon the farm or in the house, attended the same 
school and the same merry-makings, and none could be sup- 
ported in idleness. The young men who felt a thirst for a 
better education than they could get in the three months' 
winter term, thought they were happy if their fathers would 
"give them their time," as it was called when they were al- 
lowed to leave home and apply their own earnings to the ex- 
pense of the academy or the college. 

Under such circumstances, poverty had none of the de- 
gradation which too often accompanies it in old and popu- 
lous communities. Here was no squalor, no vice, no loss of 
caste as its necessary accompaniment. It involved no clos- 
ing of any career to a boy who had health and courage, 
brain and will. It may even be questioned whether the ob- 
stacles were not overbalanced by the incitements to effort, 
and whether the surroundings were not such as might be 
wisely chosen for the development of one who was to be a 
leader of men. Then, he came of a good race, and that 
counts for much. A New England jurist and statesman of 
the present day once said to me, that he looked upon the 
"Western "Reserve as an improved Now England in this, that, 
as the most enterprising and vigorous of her stock were 
those who could be tempted to become the founders of a new 
colony, their intelligence and industry having more room for 
expansion in fresh fields, they could naturally show an ad- 
vance in those qualities in circumstances so favorable for > 
their growth. The same truth may be more generally ap- 
plied to all colonies of a good stock, planted in a fertile and 
healthful country. Taking it all in all, I doubt if the world 
offers a happier lot, or contains a nearer approach to the 
model community, than in such a colony, where those who 
have bad the advantages of an older civilization are sepa- 

00 Army of the Cumberland. 

rated from its luxury and most of its vices, and, in an atmos- 
phere of frugality, industry, and equality, make the begin- 
nings of a new and prosperous state. (n 

I have thus enlarged a little upon the characteristics of 
such a neighborhood, because at a superficial glance we are 
apt to reckon its simplicity, its apparent rudeness, and its 
comparative poverty as tending to prevent the growth of a 
man like Garfield, and to pity the boy because of the as- 
sumed difficulties through which he must hew his way to 
Greatness. The truth seems rather to be that Ave have here 
a complete application of the law of natural selection; and 
that the soil and the surroundings were just the place for the 
growth of such a man as he. He knew and felt this, and never 
thanked any man for pity or sympathy on account of the 
supposed hardships of his early life. For the good and 
brave woman, who was left with a family of children upon 
her hands when Garfield, the youngest of four, was but a 
year and half old, we may properly feel a tender and respect- 
ful sympathy. The accidents of frontier life had deprived her 
of her stalwart husband at the time when the bread-winner 
in the family was most needed, and when a woman is neces- 
sarily most helpless, because the care of her little ones pre- 
vents her using the ordinary means of support by which the 
industrious can usually take care of herself if alone. Her 
faith, her will, her patience and hope were indeed sublime, 
and would be worthy a discourse in themselves. As illus- 
trating his character of whom we are speaking, they explain 

the traits which in the saddest moments of his life drew all 

" «. 
hearts to him. From father and mother both he inherited 

qualities which go far to make up a rich and noble nature ; 

it was for himself to determine that his talents should not be 

buried in the ground or laid away in a napkin. 

As Garfield himself often said, it was his older brother, 

Thomas, about eight years his senior, who would most 

General Cox's Oration. 01 

deserve to share with his mother our sympathy for the first 
severe strtigcdca which followed his father's death. 

By the time the infant James had grown of an age when 
his education and his future "became a matter of solicitude, the 
hardest was over, and the widowed mother had a solid re- 
liance in the strong young manhood of Thomas. The 
younger brother was then more than the older had been, in 
the general condition of the farmers' boys of the neighbor- 
hood, which I have already described; and there was no im- 
perative reason why he, more than they, should not gratify 
the ambition to secure for himself a liberal education, if the 
desire for it should be really aroused. This was what his 
mother, like so many good American mothers, most earnestly 
coveted. To this ambition she strove most faithfully to 
rouse him, before his own growth had gone far enough to 
make him appreciate the full value of the world which 
r m would thus be opened to him. 

A bright boy who easily masters his tasks, but who is 
big of bone and limb, and overflowing with animal spirits, 
is not apt at first to take kindly to the thought of a contin- 
uous studious life. lie is rather proud of his standing in his 
class in the district school, but is likely to be a little prouder 
of his triumphs in the foot race or the wrestling match. The 
quick blood in his veins makes a dream of adventure the 
most taking one to him, and his wishes are divided between 
the vision of sailing over foreign seas and that of pushing 
beyond the frontiers of civilization and hunting the great 
game of the unbroken forest. If we each should be put [ 
upon the stool of confession, I suspect we should be aston- 
ished to find how many of us went through a youthful 
period of half resolve to " go to sea" and seek our fortunes 
there. It is in the Anglo-Saxon blood, and of all the lost 
illusions of the American boys, none is so generally and sin- 
cerely regretted as the fever of desire with which they used 

92 Army of the Cumberland. 

to think of the sea. "We took it as we did the measles and 
other mild diseases of childhood, and Garfield useft often to 
laugh at the more than ordinary vigor of the attack in his 
own case, as his restlesss energy of hody and vivid imagina- 
tion tended to an exaltation of all the common symptoms. A 
summer's work on a canal-hoat owned by a relative, did not 
cure him of his predilection, and with some contempt for the 
" raging canal," he was brooding upon the next step, which 
was to try the broader " sea-room " offered by the navigation 
of the great lakes, when a brief illness gave him time for 
reflection, and the oft repeated struggle between a boat and 
a book was settled by the victory of the book, as it is apt to 
be when a large brained boy has got far enough on to awaken 
the real desire to learn and to know. 

^"either Garfield nor his good mother saw very clearly 
at first how the problem of his education was to be solved; 
but it was settled" that he should make use of such oppor- 
tunities as he had, leaving it to circumstances to determine 
how far he should go. The first step was, as usual, the only 
troublesome one. After a beginning had been made, so that 
the teaching of winter schools could be made to supplement 
what he could earn at other times, the young man found 
that by alternating his periods of study and of labor 
he could, with patience, go as far as he might desire. As 
mechanical labor was usually better paid than agricultural, he 
applied himself to learn the carpenter's trade, and acquired 
skill enough to make profitable use of it in aiding his plans 
of education until his growing repute as a teacher enabled 
him to give his whole time to intellectual pursuits. 

Students of limited means, the world over, have been 
accustomed to defray the expenses of their university course 
by teaching, or at least to eke out their means in that way, 
and the only difference in the experience of different locali- 
ties will be found in the varying organization of the lower 

General Cox's Oration. 

schools in which the work is done. Garfield's history in this 
respect was the not uncommon one of teaching first in the 
common school of the country district, and later as a tutor 
or assistant in the high school in which he was pursuing 

!his own studies. lie always firmly maintained that this 
teaching, so far from being a hardship or a hindrance, was 
one of the most valuable parts of his own cultivation. His 
pupils, who were often of his own age, or even older, put 
him on his mettle. What he had learned he must be pre- 
pared not only to impart as he had received it, but so to 
analyze and master the principles of things as to be able to 
meet all the varying difficulties of different minds, and the 
questionings both of the docile pupil anxious to learn 
thoroughly, and of the acute or captious one who would re- 
joice in puzzling the teacher. It was, therefore, the most 
thorough and searching of all reviews of his acquirements, 
and tested the foundations on which he was himself build- 
ing in a way that no examinations of his own instructors 
could do. It was also invaluable training in expression, in 
facility in holding a subject up in different lights, in varying 
its treatment without falling into mere repetition, in watch- 
ing its effects upon different pupils till it was evident that 
the light shone in clearly and fully upon each. Is was rapid 
development in manliness also, cultivating the power to lead 
and to rule, and by no means least, the power to rule his 
own spirit. 

The natural enthusiasm of his nature would allow of no 
half work in all this. He was not one to be content with 
the formal performance of the duties which were to bring 
him his monthly wages ; but he threw his soul into it, and 
as well by the power of kindling a like enthusiasm in those 
he taught, as by attaching them to him by a sort of hero- 
worship, he proved that he was a born teacher of men. His 
horizon now began to widen. If it had seemed sufficient to 

94 Army of the Cumberland. 

him a little before to make skillful mechanical work and a 
good general education the means of securing a respectable 
competence and a good position among the farmers of his 
neighborhood : now it dawned upon him that a finished edu- 
cation and a college professorship might be a goal within his 
possible reach. He redoubled his efforts, nursing this dream 
of a quiet life divided between the deep study of favorite 
departments of knowledge and the attractive presentation 
of these to classes of earnest and enthusiastic students. He 
had coquetted with plans of wandering life and adventure, 
but this was a deep and sincere first love to which he always 
looked back with wistful tenderness. lie accepted the duty 
which came to hand with manly eagerness ; he fully estimated 
the dignity and importance of the career he afterward saw 
opening to him; his pride and his ambition found a certain 
exultant glory in it, but the grave of that buried purpose 
was so sacred that he visited it with sad regrets, and with an 
oft-recurring confession that if it might have been, his life 
would have owned a deeper happiness than in the turmoil 
and strife of public affairs, even while the tragic end was 
mercifully hidden from his eyes. 

His life at Williams College was, properly considered, 
only an interlude in the work he had already begun in the 
infant college at Hiram, where he was both pupil and 
teacher. He spent but two years at Williams, having en- 
tered at the junior year, but he got from it benefits which 
were lasting, and which he valued very high. He not only 
received the finishing effects of another definite stage in a 
liberal education, but the transfer to an older community 
and to a center of more cultivated thought, in the period of 
his most rapid growth, gave him standards of attainment 
and of taste of a higher grade, and a knowledge of the 
world and of society of a different type, so helping to re- 
move any crudeness or provincialism that might be incident 

General Cox's Oration. 9o 

to his narrower experience before. He was nearly twenty-five 
years of age when he graduated, but his time had been so 
spent that ho had in some respects the advantages of both 
early preparation and matured powers. His teaching had 
been discipline in quite as great a degree as if he had been 
studying at a preparatory school. He brought to his college 
studies, therefore, a more than ordinary readiness to appre- 
hend them, with uncommon knowledge of methods in study 
and established control of his own attention. 

lie returned to Hiram, in the autumn of 1856, a man 
well trained and furnished for the instructor's chair he 
was to occupy, and so full of sympathy with true progress of 
every kind that it was inevitable his influence should extend 
far beyond his school work. He was a member of the religious 
denomination called Disciples, to which the Hiram Institute i 

belonged. In accordance with their customs, the young 
leader of their school was frequently called upon to preach 
and lecture without ecclesiastical ordination, and the mani- 
festation of his power of fresh and attractive presenta- 
tion of truth, extended the demand for his services as a 
popular lecturer beyond the circle of his denominational 
friends. These, however, built great hopes upon his elo- 
quence, and were readier than he to assume that his great 
powers were to be permanently devoted to pulpit work in 
their sect. His own mind was already leaning toward the 
exertion of some political activity in connection with his 
school work, and the law which determines one's course in 
accordance with his aptitudes soon opened the way for him 
into public life. The anti-slavery movement, which had ab- 
sorbed all other questions in American politics, was approach- 
ing its culmination in the election of Mr. Lincoln by the 
young Republican party. The issue was a moral as well as 
a political one, and the sympathies of the educated and pro- 
gressive young men of the Western Reserve were so gen- 


06 Army of the Cumberland. 

erally with the anti-slavery side of it, that it was impossible 
that Garfield, whose sympathies and tendencies all ran 
strongly that way, should not make its themes the subject of 
his earnest and impassioned eloquence. For a few years the 
greater part of his public addresses were from the pulpit, 
but secular themes and then political ones became more fre- 
quent, till it became clear to others as well as to himself that 
his peculiar strength was best fitted to the latter, and it ab- 
sorbed his thoughts and efforts by the natural law of adapta- 
tion to the work. 

His physical constitution probably counted for some- 
thing in this determination. His vigorous, impulsive nature, 
full of animal spirits, had a strong sympathy with the jovial 
and even boisterous. His perception of the humorous was 
quick, and his love for it strong. He was demonstrative and I 

active in all his ways. Big and strong, he was apt to show 
his liking for a friend when walking with him by grasping 
him with a hug that would almost make his ribs crack, and 
his hearty roar over a bit of fun or a comic passage in tin 
author would be emphasized by a grip like a vise upon your 
arm, while he would shake you up to his own key of enjoy- 
ment in the thing that pleased him. That such a tempera- 
ment should appear unclerical to the staid elders and dea- 
cons of churches will be easily assumed, and that the posses- 
sor of it should find it sometimes causing "his brother to 
offend," and be led thereby to doubt his own entire fitness 
for the clerical profession, is what I believe is not far from 
the truth. At any rate, he never was formally enrolled in 
the list of the preachers of his denomination, and the only 
real struggle in his own mind as to his career was in deter- 
mining whether the professor's chair or that of the legislator 
was the one he should decide to fill, and to regard as pecu- 
liarly his own. 

By the summer of 1859, he was known throughout 

General Cox's Oration. 97 

Northern Ohio as an attractive lecturer upon the popular 
views of scientific subjects, a strong and eloquent political 
speaker, who discussed the moral and intellectual phases of 
political questions, avoiding personalities, and a successful 
manager and teacher at the head of a growing and important 
school. The only criticism made upon his teaching was that 
the lecture tended to supersede the recitation, and that his ora- 
torical fervor was apt to tinge all that he did. I do not know 
whether the consciousness of this strong bias led him to any 
deliberate decision in favor of public life, but I can not 
doubt that, consciously or unconsciously, it influenced him. 
An unsought nomination to the state senate was tendered 
him by the convention of his district. In the conviction that 
the times were big with great events, he determined to ac- 
cept the office, for the nomination was equivalent to it. lie 
made a brilliant canvass, which increased and established his 
reputation as an orator and man of intellect, and he was 
launched upon a career which was to carry him so far! 

Tlis service in the state legislature was in the sessions of 
18G0 and 18G1, which began in each case with the new year 
and lasted till spring. In the first of these, the debates 
turned upon the positions of the pro-slavery and anti-slavery 
parties, which were arraying themselves for the Presidential 
contest of 18G0, when Lincoln, Breckenridge, and Douglas 
were the candidates respectively of those who were deter- 
mined that there should be no more slave states, of those 
who demanded constitutional protection for slavery every- 
where, and of those who would refer the question to the peoples 
of a territory at its admission as a state into the Union. In 
the second year, the rebellion had practically begun by the 
attempted secession of several states, and the themes of dis- 
cussion were the various efforts at compromise prior to actual 
hostilities, and the best methods of giving efficient support 
to the national government after the conflict had opened. It 

98 Army of the Cumberland. 

was in just sncli debates that he was peculiarly fitted to 
shine. His enthusiastic; earnestness, the lofty plane of patri- 
otism and of high principle from which he treated the ques- 
tion, his moral, mental, and physical force, all combined to 
give weight and power to his utterances, and to make his 
influence a leading one in the legislature. He devoted him- 
self earnestly to the perfecting of the measures which his 
state adopted to put its quota of troops in the field, when 
President Lincoln issued his first call for seventy-five thou- 
sand men, and in his tireless efforts to assist the Executive of 
Ohio (Governor Dennison) in the multiplied and overwhelm- 
ing duties which then burdened the governors of the loyal 
states, he exhibited a readiness in business detail, a power of 
application even to drudgery, and a systematic habit of dis- 
posing of work, which astonished those who had known him 
only as the accomplished forensic orator. Tie labored, as many 
can remember that they also labored, during that winter, un- 
der the depressing and heart-breaking thought that civil war 
was imminent even in our land, where we had thought that 
universal suffrage was a guaranty against bloody revolutions. 
In January, he had written to a friend, " I do not see any way, 
outside a miracle of God, which can avoid civil war with all its 
attendant horrors. ... I am inclined to believe that the 
sin of slavery is one of which it may be said, that without 
the shedding of blood, there is no remission." Sad and 
heavy of heart, but abating in nothing of his energy, he 
worked with feverish intensity through the session, then, as 
agent of the governor, went to other states to complete some . % 
arrangements for the arming and equipping of the Ohio 
troops, and late in the spring returned home, pondering the 
question of his own duty in reference to entering the army. 
At the first news of the firing upon Fort Sumter, he had 
said to me that, considering his own great physical strength 
and the active part he had taken in advocating a bold clefi- 

General Cox's Oration. 00 

ance to secessionism, ho had little doubt of his own duty to 
volunteer; but his legislative work had proven so important 
as to make him postpone the decision to the end of the ses- 
sion, and then a host of weighty considerations made him 
pause a little longer. His responsibility for the young insti- 
tution of which he was now the president, the importance of 
his legislative work, his duty to his young family, all gave 
him pause. There was then a general belief, based upon 
our wishes more than upon reason, that the war " would end 
in ninety days," and many more volunteers were offered than 
the government could accept. But when the bloody awak- 
ening from these visions came with the disastrous battle at 
Bull Bun, Garfield offered his services, and was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Forty-second Ohio, and, by the 
time its organization was complete, was made its Colonel. 
It had been his request that its command should be given to 
some competent officer of the regular army, whose knowledge 
of drill and discipline might most quickly bring the regiment 
into the greatest efficiency ; but none was at the moment 
available, and he applied himself, with his characteristic zeal, 
to doinc: the work himself. 

Some months of respite were given and the camp of in- 
struction was not left till December, 18G1. His first work 
was arduous and responsible, lie was not only assigned to 
the command of several regiments, but given the charge of 
a district in Eastern Kentucky., where he was to conduct a 
campaign in a wild mountain region; far from supports and 
where the full responsibility for results must be borne alone. 
The difference between the performance of duty in a subor- 
dinate position in a great army, and the responsible separate 
charge of even small operations, is a difference in kind. 
Success in the one is no proof whatever of iitness for the 
other. In the one case the responsibility rests upon another, 
and a man of ordinary courage and with reasonable intelli- 

100 Army of the Cumberland. 

gence in his duties is sure of acquitting himself creditably. 
But Garfield's brigade constituted a little army by itself, 
and all the problems of strategy and tactics must be settled 
without guidance or assistance from another. The way in 
which he acquitted himself was recognized as proving that 
he had true military capacity, as well as the courage, both 
moral and physical, which is needed to give a successful re- 
sult to a well-planned campaign. 

His promotion to the rank of Brigadier-General fol- 
lowed quickly, and he was transferred to the army under 
Buell, which was marching to join Grant at Shiloh. His 
command did not become seriously engaged in that battle, 
though it was upon the field in the afternoon of the second 
day, and participated creditably in the operations which re- 
sulted in the occupation of Corinth. A failure in health 
then forced him to leave the field, and before he was suffi- 
ciently restored to resume active duty his friends at home 
presented his name for the nomination to Congress from his 
district, and he was elected to that office. As, however, the 
new Congress did not assemble for more than a year after 
the election, he continued in military duty. During the 
period of convalescence this consisted chiefly of service on 
courts-martial, but in January following (1803) he was or- 
dered to report to Rosecrans, who appointed him his chief- 
of-staff, in which capacity, as is well known, he served till 
after the battle of Chickamauga, when he definitely left the 
army with the rank of Major-General, which was conferred 
upon him for services in the last great battle. 

This bare and meager outline of his military life is given, 
not for the purpose of recalling the facts which are familiar 
to all, but by grouping them closely together, to give occasion 
for some estimate of his character as a soldier, in his several 
spheres of duty. 

I believe nothing would have induced him to accept the 

General Cox's Oration. 101 

nomination and election to Congress in 1862 but the con- 
viction that his health would not endure the vicissitudes of 
life in the field. This has frequently been a matter of sur- 
prise to those who have heard of his athletic strength and 
massive frame; but he discovered in the summer of 18G2 
that whilst he seemed able to bear any fatigue and any phys- 
ical burden so long as his diet was regular, his constitution 
was very susceptible to the irregularities and changes of food 
and of water so incident to camp life. The wearing diseases 
of the camp prostrated him utterly, and his medical advisers 
warned him that here was a foe before which lie must per- 
force retreat. Recovering his strength in the winter, he 
eagerly tried the experiment again in 1803, but twice in suc- 
cession he was again reduced to his bed in the summer of 
that year, and in the advance to Stevenson was with diffi- 
culty transported in an ambulance, so weak had he become. 
His heart was so set on accompanying the army ill a cam- 
paign over which it is every-where conceded he had great in- 
fluence, that he could not consent to be left behind, and risked 
his life as willingly from disease as he did from hostile bullets. 
His return to civil life, therefore, was no evidence of his 
preference for it in that stage of the great struggle, though 
his unquestionable and pre-eminent fitness for it would have 
justified such a choice. He simply yielded to a well proven 
conclusion that he could not maintain in camp that rugged 
health which is the necessary condition of military activity, 
and passed to another sphere of duty in which he could 
serve his country quite as valuably. The experiment had 
been thoroughly tried, and his constitutional liability to the 
class of ailments referred to, was an unwelcome but irrevo- 
cable exclusion from further participation in the campaigns 
of the army to which lie had become devotedly attached. 

General Rosecrans did not invite Garfield to take the 
position of chief-of-staff till a warm intimacy had grown up 

102 Army of the Cumberland. 

between them. Garfield was his guest for some time after 
reaching Murfreesboro, and on the lGth of February, 1863, 
he wrote his friend, Professor Hinsdale, that he was con- 
sidering* the proposal to take the staff position, and told of 
his admiration for the commanding General after some weeks 
of close association, saying, " I have never become more ac- 
quainted with the interior life of any man, in the same 
length of time, in my life." For those who knew them 
both, this sentence speaks volumes. We can understand 
what these weeks of unrestrained intercourse in the same 
household had been. Who was genial and social, if not 
Rosecrans? Who more active-minded, more fond of con- 
versational discussion, brighter in suggestion or readier in 
criticism? Garfield was full of enthusiasm, of wide read- 
ing, broad mind, and unrivalled power of expression. The 
subjects before them were of boundless interest. They in- 
cluded the campaign before them and the whole scope of the 
war, from the military and the political points of view. Not 
a few people in the country were looking to Rosecrans as a 
possible candidate for the Presidency, who might offset the 
tendency in other quarters to support McClellaN as a mili- 
tary candidate for that office. Garfield was soon to enter 
Congress, and was already regarded as one sure to wield an 
important influence on the affairs of the country. When we 
think of these things, we do not wonder that, under such 
favorable circumstances, the intimacy grew apace; and we 
wonder as little that, when Rosecrans saw the resources, the 
fertility of mind, the zeal, the power of work and of system 
which Garfield possessed, he coveted the employment of all 
these talents in the duties of the staff near his person. 

No one has questioned the fact that Garfield's influence 
in his staff position was a good one, assisting his chief in 
maturing a wise plan of campaign, aiding in bringing the 
organization of the army to greater efficiency, systematizing 

General Cox's Oration. 103 

the routine of so complicated a machine, and finally in ad- 
vocating action, early and decisive. The effort which has 
sometimes heen made to apportion the credit due to the com- 
manding General and to his principal staff officer for the 
campaign, seems to me necessarily a futile one. The com- 
mander has the responsibility of what occurs, and whether 
his ideas are the suggestion of his corps or division com- 
manders, or of those more closely around him, it is a good 
military rule which holds that he who takes the "blame of 
ill-advised movements should have also the credit of those 
that turn out well. In the intimate personal association of 
friends engaged in a common cause, it is impossible to say 
what each contributes to the common stock. A word, a 
criticism, a suggestion, may be the germ of important decis- 
ions, but these must be adopted by him who has the decisive 
power before they can become fruitful. The staff officer in 
this respect, by virtue of his position, consents, as it were, to 
lose himself for the time in the personality of his chief, and 
to devote his energies to making his commander's work a 

This, however, does not imply a loss of personality or a 
slavish dependence of any kind. The relation is an official 
one, leaving the same liberty of personal opinion and of con- 
duct, in all matters not official, as before. In tracing the 
history of a past war it often becomes a matter of curious 
and interesting inquiry, what influence a chief of staff' had 
upon the operations of an army. The well known case of 
Marshal Key and General Jomini will occur to many as il- 
lustrating this; and the very different character of many of 
Ney's movements, when in an independent command after 
Jomini left him, as compared with those which occurred be- 
fore, has been held to be pretty good proof of the assistance 
lie derived from the great theoretical strategist. In the 
present case we do not need to go further than to say that 

104 Army of the Cumberland. 

no candid person can deny that Garfield's presence at the 
headquarters of the Army of the Cumberland was valuable in 
suggestion and criticism, and that in plan and in energy of 
execution the campaign of 18G3 owed much to him. 

Since his death, one of the very few hostile criticisms 
which have jarred upon the general harmony of admiration 
and kindly good will which has marked the treatment of his 
character, has laid hold upon his correspondence with Secre- 
tary Chase in the summer of 18G3 as a basis for attacking 
him in his relations to General Hosechans. Assuming the 
authenticity of the correspondence (which is questioned by 
some who are most competent to judge), there are facts in 
the prior relations of Chase and Garfield which throw in- 
teresting light upon the letters themselves. When Garfield 
entered the Ohio Senate in January, 18G0, it was at the close 
of the governorship of Chase and the inauguration of Gov- 
ernor Dennison. Governor Chase resided at Columbus, and 
his house was a natural center for the ardent Union men 
who were earnestly considering the probable course of events 
in that great crisis. No trait of Mr. Chase's character was 
more marked than his habit of seeking the friendship of able 
and promising young men, of guiding their opinions by the 
weight of his own experience and judgment, and of attach- 
ing them to himself by a heartiness of friendly intercourse, 
of which the delicate flattery on the part of so distinguished 
a man could not but prove attractive to men conscious of 
powers which they had not yet had full opportunity of ex- 
hibiting. The intimacy that was thus established between,, 
Chase and Garfield was a close one, and though Garfield's 
individuality and power were such that he could not be 
long in the position of a political follower of any man, it is 
certainly true that he was for some years one of a coterie of 
young men who looked to the Secretary of the Treasury as 
their leader, because he seemed to them the broadest and 

General Cox's Oration. 105 

wisest of. those who, at the beginning of the war, had a con- 
trolling influence in affairs. 

After his election to Congress, Garfield, convalescent 
from his illness of the summer, was ordered to "Washington, 
upon court-martial service, and, in preparation for his new 
political duties, lie, of course, cultivated every opportunity of 
getting into the inmost counsels of the leading men there. 
The friendship with Me. Chase and his family was already a 
basis for a more than ordinarily easy entrance into the con- 
fidence of the President and the Cabinet, and there is no 
lack of evidence that Mr. Chase continued to occupy toward 
Garfield, as member elect of the next House, the relation of 
a political leader, with whom his duty to the country de- 
manded a close co-operation, and with whom, also, confiden- 
tial relations were both a public duty and a personal privi- 
lege. It is almost equally clear that Rosecrans began to oc- 
cupy a semi-political position after the battle of Stone's 
river. I know that some, whose opportunities for knowledge 
are peculiarly good, insist that part, at least,' of the delay in 
movement by IIosecraxs was in accordance with suggestions 
of political advisers, and were more political in character 
than military. I have not the means of forming a decided 
opinion on this point, and I limit my purpose here, among 
those who are warm personal friends of both the officers 
named, to calling your attention to the facts which I have 
stated, and of which I have personal knowledge, because 
they seem to me essential to a proper understanding of the 
relations of the parties. Without such an understanding, ; 
any debate upon the correspondence which has been referred 
to must be quite at random. If the letters are authentic, 
Garfield had become convinced that the long delay was 
imperilling the interests of the country and the success of 
the campaign, when every month's prolongation of the war 
was draining the resources of the country and making for- 

10 6 Army of the Cumberland. 

eign complications more probable. That lie favored early 
and vigorous action is undeniable, nor is it questioned that 
his advice to Rosecrans was in accord with his convictions. 
His impetuous nature was devoted, first of all, to the cause 
of the country, and the hyper-criticism which has questioned 
his right to a confidential expression of his judgment in the 
circumstances which have been stated can not be regarded as 
having great weight. How earnestly he defended the con- 
duct and reputation of General Rosecrans and of the 
Army of the Cumberland from his seat in the House of Rep- 
resentatives, is matter of history. He did this elpcpiently, 
boldly, and without reserve, when to do it was to array him- 
self against the overshadowing power in military affairs and 
in politics. I think I personally know that, in doing so, he 
solved every doubt of his own mind in favor of the cause he 
was championing, and felt called upon to be more than just, 
to be nobly generous, in portraying, in brightest colors, all 
that was praiseworthy in that remarkable campaign, and in 
covering all that might be subject to criticism. 

His last act of military duty was upon the field of 
Chickamauira, and the dramatic interest of that scene has 
made it a crowning feature of this portion of his career, 
always occurring to us when Garfield is mentioned as a 
soldier. The time I have already used forbids me to enlarge 
upon it. As one of the events exhibiting his character and 
development, it is consistent with what we should expect 
of him whose life and growth from boyhood to manhood was 
what we have seen it to be. It concluded an era in his life, ( 
and it emphasized all that had gone before. It was one of 
those things in which fortune sometimes seems to bestow a 
special gift upon her favorites, by dosing an act in their 
drama of life with a scene so striking and brilliant, that the 
tableau gives a poetic finish and completeness to all, and the 
memory of which long remains with the spectator. 

General Cox's Oration. 107 

In all the part of Garfield's life to wliicli I have asked 
your attention, he was the growing, maturing man, who saw 
the world opening year by year before him, and who con- 
stantly found his own ambitions hopes enlarged by the con- 
sciousness that his powers were swelling with his growth, and 
making possible things of which he had not before ventured 
to dream. ^To misfortunes worth the name had crossed his 
track. lie had hardly known a real grief. His courage had 
been tamed by no personal defeats. The past was delightful 
to contemplate, because its hardships had only been great 
enough to stimulate his exertion, and he remembered chiefly 
the healthy triumph of overcoming them. The future was 
brilliant, for he could scarcely frame an airy castle which he 
might not hope to possess. In the full maturity of his facul- 
ties, with body and mind mutually supporting each other, 
and admirably fitted for the work to which he was now 
called, attractive in person, sunny and enthusiastic in tem- 
perament, strong in intellect, such was the man that you of 
the Army of the Cumberland gave back to the country in the 
very culmination of its great struggle for existence. This 
is the man he was to you, and so it seems to me you will 
wish to remember him. In his later career he had many 
new bights to climb and new triumphs to enjoy, but he had 
also griefs to suffer and pains to endure. The brilliant morn- 
ing was to take on soberer tints, and the " burden and heat 
of the day" were to be borne. Let us leave the estimate of 
the man in these severer struggles of his life for another oc- 
casion, and let us now put upon our records only this me- 
morial of him as the young, the joyous and the fearless man 
whom you personally knew and admired, and whose life 
gave to all other young men with whom he came in contact, 
the happy contagion of springing hope and noble purpose. 

108 Army of the Cumberland. 


A glorious finale was placed upon the Fourteenth Annual Reunion 
of the Army of the Cumberland at the National Home on the evening 
of the last day. The clouds which had lowered over the city during 
the afternoon sending down, ever and anon, copious showers of rain, 
disappeared with the setting sun, and Luna, with her retinue of bright 
stars, held undisputed sway in the blue dome. The unpropitiousness 
of the elements during the afternoon had a depressing effect upon the 
old vets at the Home, it being feared that their arrangements to re- 
ceive the brave boys in blue and their gallant chief, who had in com- 
mon with themselves shared the hardships of the march and the dan- 
gers of the battlefield, would be interfered with. However, every thing 
was in readiness for action, and as the storm-clouds rolled beneath the 
horizon a scene of dazzling beauty succeeded. A hundred hands were 
busy then, and in a few minutes the premises were bathed in a sea of 
glory reflected from nearly five thousand bright lights. The long wind- 
ing walks were lined on either side with Chinese lanterns, relieved at 
intervals by transparencies setting forth the name of many a well- 
fought field in which the Army of the Cumberland had added to its tem- 
ple of fame that finds an enshrinement in the hearts of a patriotic 

Around the fountain that caps the hill in front of the Home, a 
semi-circle of burning stars represented the thirteen original States 
of the Union. Streamers of light extending from the tower to the 
main building arched the driveway, shedding forth the national colors 
from a thousand lanterns, and found an anchorage at the base of the 
starry firmament of the Nation's origin. The buildings were a blaze 
of glory. A thousand fantastic lanterns sent their rays from its bal- 
conies and windows, while from the staffs and pinnacles floated the tri- 
colored flag of the Union. The calm surface of the little lakes re- 
flected back the glory of a hundred bright lamps, which gave them 

Banquet. 109 

the appearance of molten silver casting off the glories of the sun. The 
headquarters of General Siiarpe were brilliantly illuminated and sur- 
rounded with a perfect labyrinth of many colored lights. The national 
coat-of-arms, together with the acorn, the star, and the triangle, the 
well-known badge of the grand old army, whose deeds will live after 
time shall have dissolved its membership into dust, were illuminated 
in front of Memorial Hall. The notable fields of Lookout Mountain, 
Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Shiloh, and Stone River were commem- 
orated in letters of fire, while the names of Thomas, Lytle, Sill, 
and Jeff. C. Davis shone forth upon the assembled braves, a slight 
symbol of the brightness of their record upon the pages of their country's 

The interior of the main building was brilliantly lighted. The 
main entrance was festooned with bright banners of the Union, hang- 
ing pendant from bright "Welcome," and gracefully looped on either 
side of the doorway. To the front of the main building, just beyond 
the range of lights, and partially hidden by the fountain, a tent had 
been pitched, surrounded by the accoutrements of war, and inhabited 
by a group of soldiers after the fashion of war times. As the guests 
arrived the scene was suddenly lighted up with red fire, and a beauti- 
ful tableau, representing life in the tented field, was pictured forth in 
all its vivid realities. The scene was repeated with the arrival of each 
succeeding carriage load of guests. It represented the boys in blue in 
the free indulgence of camp life. Some of them were engaged in 
playing cards, others reading, writing, and lounging about on the 
grounds smoking, while still others were employed in repairing their 
wardrobes. Fireworks, fire-baloons, and other pyrotechnic displays 
were presented at intervals during the evening in different parts of 
the grounds. 

The inmates of the Home were given their supper at 5:30, half 
an hour earlier than usual, and at G the large dining-hall was surren- 
dered unconditionally, and was immediately garrisoned with forty col- 
ored and twenty white troops, who fought nobly for a space of three 
hours with the long tables, in which time they succeeded in working a 
complete transformation. Covers were laid for three hundred. Upon 

110 Army of the Cumberland. 

each plate was a miniature tent, the national flag floating from its 
peak, while upon its side wall was the inscription, "Army of the Cum- 
berland, Fourteenth Annual Reunion, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Sep- 
tember 21, 1882. Banquet." The occupants were a pair of cigars, 
and upon the inside walls was displayed the menu upon a white 
satin background. The ridgepole was fringed with blue silk, and 
it rested upon "the field of the cloth of gold." While this force 
was engaged upon the tables, an army of decorators were busily en- 
gaged in transforming the barren walls into things of beauty, with 
bunting, boughs, and fragrant flowers. Flags were drooped from the 
ceiling-supports, and gathered in graceful folds back to the sides of the 
room, at intervals along the sides, while at the head of the hall two 
bright banners with starry backgrounds of blue closed together, while 
the stripes curved to the right and left, revealing the star, the triangle, 
and the acorn, combined in the badge of the Army of the Cumberland, 
wrought in red, white, and blue blossoms, surrounded by a wreath of 
oak leaves. 

At 9 o'clock, the arrangements were complete, and the waiters 
marshaled into line, awaiting' the arrival of the guests. The tables, as 
well as the dining-room as a whole, presented a beautiful appearance. 
The former were arranged in three long rows, extending, with the ex- 
ception of a narrow passageway at the top and bottom, the length of 
• the room, with a shorter table across the head, reserved for the more 
distinguished of the guests. 

Floral designs, representative of peace and war, standing from 
three to five feet in height, were arranged at intervals of about a yard 
all down the long rows, including temples of fame, triumphal arches, 
stars, anchors, crosses, crowns, trees, pyramids, etc. General Sheri- 
dan occupied a position at the head of the table, facing a huge floral 
design, a combination of a horseshoe, an anchor, and cornucopias, 
wrought in bright colored flowers, while to the right a floral cannon 
and to the left a drum wreathed in red and white blossoms were placed 
at the extreme ends of the table. To the right of " Little Phil." 
sat Governor Rusk ; then came Generals Cist and Bragg, Judge 
Hamilton, General Strong, Colonel Jacobson, Ex-Governor 

Banquet. Ill 

Smith, Colonel I. M. Bean, John A. Goodrich, F. H. Magoelon, 
Colonel Houston, and H. M. Mendel, just turning the angle on 
the long table down the north side of the room. The seat to the left 
of General Sheridan was occupied by General Cox. Then fol- 
lowed, in order, Ex-Governor Fairchild, General Grosvenor, 
General F. C. Winkler, Honorable C. G. Williams, Colonel 
Nelson, and General Hincks. These seats were the only ones re- 
served, the others being occupied by members of the Army of the Cum- 
berland Association and other guests, including a number of ladies. 
During the progress of the Banquet, the orchestra of thirty pieces dis- 
coursed the following music: j 


1. Hail to the Chief 

2. Jubilee Overture Bach. 

3. Selection — " Lohengrin " AVagner. 

4. Spring Song Mendelssohn. ) 

5. Kiss Waltz — "Merry War" Strauss. 

6. Ye Olden Times— Medley 

The following is the menu : 


Escalloped Oysters, Saratoga Chips. 

Cold Relieves. 
Spiced Boned Turkey with Jelly, 

Lobster Salad with Lettuce, 
Chicken Mayonaise a la Parisienne, 

Stuffed Spring Chicken with Greens, 

Spring Lamb, Meat Sauce, 

Spiced Tenderloin of Beef, 
Sliced Buffalo Tongue, Glazed Ham with Jelly, k 

Ham and Tongue Sandwiches. 


Sliced Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Lettuce, Celery, 

Cranberry Sauce, French Olives, 

Currant Jelly. 

112 Army of the Cumberland. 


Lady Cuke, Pointed Cake, Citron Cuke, Raisin Cake, 

Currant Cake, Gatteaux, Maccaroons, 

Cocoanut Drops, Lady Fingers, 

French Kisses. Eclairs, 

Ice Cream in Form, Ices, 

Vanilla, Lemon, 

Strawberry, Raspberry, 

Chocolate, Pineapple. 

Pistache, Orange. 

California Grapes, Pyramid of Fruits, 

California Plums, 

Peaches, Apples. 

French Coffee, 
Green and Black Teas. 

Wine List. 
Due dc Montebello, Extra Sec, 

Pomcrey and Queen's Sec, 

Chateau Pontet Canot. 

The guests were completely captivated with the beauties of the 
Banquet hall, and were enthusiastic in their praises. The Banquet 
was complete in every particular, the waiters well drilled in their 
duties, and the viands prepared in the most skillful manner. The 
novel design of the hill of fare caused universal pleasure, and many 
of the guests endeavored to secure extra ones to send away, in many 
cases offering the waiters two and three dollars for them in vain. 

During the earlier hours of the evening, the Home Band dis- 
coursed patriotic airs from a pavilion on the grounds. 

When the Society was seated, General Sheridan said : 

I will call upon CHAPLAIN Smith to invoke God's blessing upon us. 

Almighty God, our Heavenly Father, we thank Thee that we 
have been permitted once more to gather together in health and 
strength to revive the memories of days that are past — to look once 

Banquet. 1 13 

again into the faces of each other, and once again, by the cordial pres- 
sure of hands, to speak the warm sympathy of the heart, the sympa- 
thy that was born among us when we shared a common danger and 
fought for one cause. 

We thank Thee, O, our Father, for the tilings that we remember; 
for the incentives to valor which we have witnessed in the example of 
our brave comrades; for the incentives to a patriotic citizenship which 
their courage gave us, and which we saw in the pathos of their dead 
faces. May we remember all these things for our betterment, that we 
may become thereby better citizens and better people for the rest of 
our lives; that we may be followers of those who did nobly, fought j 

well, and bore their part in the struggle and danger bravely. And so 
may we come to know what it was to have been men in the midst of 

For the present moment let us renew our ancient friendship in the 
breaking of bread. Amen. | 

General Sheridan then rose and stated that before the 
toasts of the evening were announced, he would call upon 
General Cist, the Corresponding- Secretary, to read certain 
correspondence from friends unable to he present. 

General Cist : 

The first letter I have here is from an old and distinguished com- 
rade — on the other side, General Wade Hampton. 

Dagger's Spring, August 30, 1882. 
I. M. Bean, Esq. 


Your polite invitation to me to attend the meeting of 

the Society of the Army of the Cumberland reached me here only a day or 

two ago. A Special Committee of the Senate, on which I am, will be 


Army of the Cumberland. 

in session about the time of your meeting, and my duties there will 
prevent my having the pleasure of thanking you personally for the 
compliment paid me. 

Regretting this, I am, 

Very respectfully yours, 


I now read a letter from General Bradley T. Johnson : 

Baltimore, August 29, 1882. 
I. M. Bean, Esq.* 



Yours of the 17th inst. received on my return here 

on Saturday inviting me to attend the annual meeting of the Society 

of the Army of the Cumberland at Milwaukee. I have just got home 

after my summer vacation, and it will therefore be impossible for me 

to be with you. Many of the Ohio soldiers of the Army of the Cum. 

berland are my personal friends, and it would afford me the greatest 

pleasure to meet them and you, for next to the pleasure of meeting 

the men we fought with is that of meeting them we fought against. 

The comradeship of soldiers extends across the lines. Please present 

to the Society, and accept for yourself, my thanks for your courtesy, 

and my best wishes for the success of your Reunion. 

Yours respectfully, 


I now read a telegram from General Cheatham: 

Martrace, September 21, 1885. 
To John Ruiim, 

Army of the Cumberland. 

Hattie quite sick. Can not leave her. My regrets to 

the Society. B. F. CHEATHAM. 

Ji'ixtfc: Key semis the following: 

Banquet. 115 

Chattanooga, Tenn., August 23, 1882. 
Colonel J. M. Bean, 

Chairman, Milwaukee. 


I most cordially thank you for the invita- 
tion to attend the annual meeting of the Society of the Army of the Cum- 
berland in your city in September next. I regard it as a high compli- 
ment to have been included amongst the invited guests of your Society, 
and nothing would afford me greater gratification than to be able to 
accept it, but I fear my official duties will prevent my attendance. I 
shall be with you if I can; but there will be too much uncertainty 
about it to be set down as a respondent to one of the toasts at your 
Banquet. With the highest respect and best wishes for yourself and 
your Association, I am, 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

D. M. KEY. 

I now read a letter from Alex. Mitchell, Esq.: 

Milwaukee, September 20, 1882. 
I. M. Bean, Esq., 



I have received your kind invitation to be pres- 
ent at the Banquet of the Army of tlte Cumberland to be given at the 
Soldiers' Home to-morrow evening. I regret exceedingly that it will 
be impossible for me to be present upon that occasion, for I can con- 
ceive of no more interesting gathering than that of the survivors of 
our great war, when met to recount the memories of the camp, the 
march, and the battlefield. Be assured that the heroic achievements 
of the Army of the Cumberland will ever live on the page of history a 
glory to our country, and an incentive to the patriotism of coming gen- 

Y T ours very truly, 


116 Army of the Cumberland. 

Also, a letter from Edward P. Allis, Esq.: 

Milwaukee, Wis., September 19, 1882. 
I. M. Bean, 



I have the honor to acknowledge your invitation to 
the Banquet of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, to be held at 
the Soldiers' Home on the evening of September 21. Regret that cir- 
cumstances prevent my attendance. It is meet and proper that you 
commemorate with feasts the events in which you were the prominent 

The pleasure of all Americans to honor those who, by their patriot- 
ism, bravery, and endurance, were the instruments under the God of 
battles that wrought this crowning glory of time and space, the pres- 
ervation of this united Republic, a model and a refuge for all man- 
kind. Very respectfully yours, 


I also read a telegram from Hon. Charles E. Dyer : 

Racine, Wis., September 21, 1882. 
Edward Kurtz, 

Clerk U. S. Court*: 

Please tell Fink or Winckler, immediately, I regret 

that unexpected circumstances prevent my attending Banquet. 


General Sheridan: 

I am sorry to say, comrades and friends, that the Governor of the 
Home is not here with us to-night, although he very much desired to 
be. In his absence, I will call upon Captain Bean to make a few 

Banquet. 117 

Captain Bean: 

Mr. President and Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I do not know that I have any remarks of my own to make. I 
met General Sharp e just a few hours ago, and lie desired me to ex- 
tend to you, t>e Society of the Army of the Cumberland, and this goodly 
company here assembled, his regrets that he can not be present. He 
is confined to his house by illness. It is to him, as Governor of this 
Home, that we are indebted for the use of this hall ; and it is a matter 
of regret that we can not have the pleasure of hearing General 
Shaepe himself extend us his welcome. His indisposition arises from 
a most serious wound received on the field of battle, while in the line 
of his duty. While, most unfortunately, he has suffered in body, his 
spirit has remained unharmed. He is still a gallant soldier and a 
genial, wholesouled gemleman. 

He desired me to extend to you a cordial greeting in his name, 
and to convey to you his most profound regrets that he is too feeble to 
•be here to extend to you in person a most sincere and cordial welcome. 

General Sheridan : 

The first regular toast of the evening is "The Army and Navy," 
to which General R. D. Mussey will respond. 

[It had been intended that General J. M. Schofield should re- 
spond to this toast, but he was not present at the Reunion, and Gen- 
eral Mussey was asked by the Secretary, on the afternoon of the 
Banquet, to speak to it. When the toasts were reached, in the order 
of the evening, the Secretary requested the speakers to stand on their 
chairs that they might the better be seen and heard.] 

General Mussey: 

It was rather unkind on the part of our Secretary to desire me to 
make a double exhibition of myself. He first insisted that I should 
respond to this toast; and now he desires me to get on this chair that 
you may all see, the more clearly, my discomfiture. 

118 Army of the Cumberland. 

It is a little absurd, any way, to call upon me, a civilian, to re- 
spond to the toast of "The Army and Navy," There is possibly some 
little propriety in my saying something about the army, for I was an 
officer in the regular and the volunteer service both, during the late 
war, and may be supposed to have known something about it. But my 
connection with the army was so slight; I feel that I rendered so little 
of real service — did so little of value in the grand result — that I can 
only say with the man avIio, while working upon a picture, was told 
that he could not paint, and replied, "I know that, but thank God, 
I'm trying to be an artist." So I can say, I thank God that I tried to 
be a soldier, though I made but a poor fist at it. 

But, if possible, it was still more absurd to call upon me to re- 
spond to "The Navy" — me, a landsman, if not a land-lubber, to talk 
of that arm of the service, the glory of whose service in that war gilds 
the waters of our Atlantic and Gulf Coast, and the mighty rivers of 
the South! I could only explain it on the theory that my friend, 
General Cist, has read the story of another lawyer — an Irishman — 
who, at some Bar dinner, was "put down" for "The Navy;" and 
when Cakuan, I think it was, heard of it, he said: "That barrister 
to speak to 'The Navy!' Why they must spell it with a K" But 
I've looked carefully at this exquisite bill of fare, and I find no K in 
its Navy, and the reason I was chosen remains a mystery still. 

Besides, Mr. President, this toast presents too vast a subject for 
me. Suppose I should speak, simply, of the material facts of that 
Army and Navy of ours, what figures would convey to your minds — 
still less to the minds of those unused to the sight of large bodies of 
troops — the number of men engaged in the contest, enlisted and fight- 
ing in the Army and Navy during the Rebellion ? Does it ever occur 
to you that the army that the Republic sent into the Rebellion num- 
bered, from first to last, from muster in to muster out, 2,090,401 
men? That was the Army of the Republic, the army that put down 
the Rebellion, the army of that Republic which you and I, comrades, 
with nearly two and three-quarter millions or more of loyal citizens, 
helped to save. And it is to that I am called upon to respond! To 
speak to that host! Though the magnitude of their number is slight 



beside the magnitude of their achievements, yet it is so great that 
words do but belittle it! 

And our Navy! When the War of the "Rebellion broke out, Mr. 
President and comrades, our Navy, available for the Atlantic coast, 
consisted of 2 ships and 27 guns. That was all we had to garrison. 
I told yon I knew nothing about naval terms. [A voice, "Patrol."] 
Well, that was all we had to patrol — a coast line of five thousand 
miles or more, studded all along with great cities. And yet, com- 
rades, within four months from the time that Mr. Welles, President 
Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy, entered upon his duties, there were 
on our Eastern and Southern coasts, blockading and "patroling" (if 
that be the word), 43 armed vessels, with 578 guns and 0,800 men. 
All that within four mouths. And when the war closed there had 
been 7, GOO officers commissioned in the Navy, and there were then on 
the rolls 51,500 seamen, to say nothing of s;>me 17,000 artisans and 
laborers engaged in the Navy Yards, with perhaps an equal number 
in private yards working for the Government. And during the war 
there were 208 war vessels constructed and fitted out by our Navy De- 
partment, and 418 more purchased. Of these GIG, there were 613 
steam-vessels, costing about $19,000,000. 

This wonderful growth, this development of such enormous forces 
of men from such insignificant germs as were our Army and Navy in 
1801 , leads me to one thought, proper to this occasion and to this toast, 
and that is, that the American Army and Navy exist wherever there 
is an American citizen! You can extemporize an army from the 
throngs that crowd the streets of our cities, and recruit it on every 
farm; you can fill a navy from off the decks of our merchant marine, 
and quickly turn the swift-winged messengers of commerce, now lying 
at your docks, into stately ships of war. 

But, because all this can be done, as we have seen it done — aye - , 
and helped to do it — when the call to war comes, it does not follow that 
we can dispense with an Army and a Navy in times of peace, like these, 
when war is but a memory of the past, or a wild and impossible dream 
of the future., It is an error to say they are useless, and we do not 
need them. As a civilian, and speaking with a freedom in that respect 

120 Army of the Cumberland. 

which, perhaps, would not have been so fit for an Army or Navy officer 
responding to this toast, I denounce this talk about the present inutility 
of our Army and Navy as unwise. We do need them, and we should 
not dole out their subsistence with a niggardly parsimony and a mis- 
taken economy, but we ought to provide for them liberally and freely. 
Does some one ask, "What is the Army good for ? " Tt renders sig- 
nal service, as every one knows, right here among us. What does it 
do out "on the plains," or in the " foot-hills," or on the "mountain 
ranges?" Not only does it protect the newly-planted settlement; not 
only does it repress lawlessness, whether of the otherwise unbridled 
license of frontier outlaws or plundering Indians ; but every Army pest 
is a focus into which are centered and from which are dispersed the 
rays of intelligence and culture, as they progress from the older .and set- 
tled portions of the country toward the new and unsettled. Civilization 
chooses for its stepping-stones the sites the Army has chosen for its forts. 
Why, I believe, General (turning to General Cox), that there is 
a tradition that your city of Cincinnati owes its existence to where it 
is to the fact that an Army officer chose it for a post, moved thereto 
by its greater convenience of access to some farmer's daughter he was 
paying court to. 

Nor is it alone on the frontiers that the Army is doing the country 
service. Wherever there are great works of material improvement of 
national importance contemplated or prosecuted, there you will find 
officers of the Army surveying or directing. It is through the Army 
that the money appropriated for the improvement of the rivers and har- 
bors of this great country is expended ; and expended so that no 
man dare say that a penny of it was diverted from its purpose. 
What does the army do? It furnishes the engineers who carry on 
these and other national works of engineering, upon pay that no civilian 
engineer would dream of accepting for such work — no, nor for the 
twentieth part of it — with an integrity that can not be impugned. So 
it furnished to us a body of men who, in this age of greed for money 
and forgetf'ulness of honor in satisfying that greed, have a code of 
honor and a habit of fidelity to duty which they follow to the letter. 
"Theirs not to question why, 
Theirs but to do or die! " 



This example, living constant and conspicuous, is worth to the 
American people in this money-making age — Mr. President, ladies, 
and gentlemen — is worth ten times over all that is spent from the 
public purse upon the Army and Navy. These two arms of the service — 
the Navy no less, in its way, carrying, as it does, the name, the flag, 
and the honor of America with it to distant lands — furnish us a body 
of patriotic men who obey the law, and enforce it, if need be; of men 
who do not struggle to evade the law for their own benefit; of men 
who recognize that they are the servants of the law, and regarding it 
as their master, follow it loyally and truthfully. 

Such an example, I submit, Mr. President, ladies, and gentlemen, 
we can not afford to dispense with. 

I have said this because I don't know what may happen to us. It 
may come to pass that some of us will edit a newspaper, or go to Con- 
gress, when we should deal directly with the popular feeling and the 
popular will ; and I have given advice as to what we should do in such 
an event. But if neither of these contingencies should occur, let us 
not, as private citizens, forget our duty to mold public opinion to deal 
fairly with the Army and Navy. For, Mr. President, and ladies and 
gentlemen, we who are now in civil life, if we were but aware of it, by 
virtue of the discipline we received in the war, can wield a mighty 
influence. The men who led men on the battle-fields of the late war, 
can today, if they will exert their influence, shape the ideas of the 
nation, and control its policy. 

Let us wield that influence in one direction at least, with the 
firm determination that justice shall be done to the Army and Navy, 
and that no politician's sneer at their uselessness, and no howl for 
false economy shall blunt our sense of the value of these branches of 
the service or avail to cut down the appropriations for their mainte- 

As I was on my way here from Washington I passed Fortress 
Monroe; and let me say to you that if you have plenty of time on 
your hands I could not advise a more desirable route than that I took 
from Washington here, though it. is rather a roundabout way to come 
from Washington to Milwaukee, by the Potomac river and the Chesa- 


Army of the Cumberland. 

peake and Ohio Railroad, and if you are in a hurry you will some 
times ''want that route expedited." But if you have leisure you can 
not go over ground more memorable for the deeds of brave men dying 
in the best of eauses, or fields that will more awaken memories of the 
days when you fought by their side, than to start from the capital and 
go down the Potomac, to the extreme left of that grand line of battle 
which had half a continent for its theater, and for its objective point the 
preservation of constitutional liberty under the sun; then follow along 
the very front of it, past Hampton Roads, glorified to us all, since as 
young men we heard of those brave martyrs to their fiag who stood by 
her guns till the "Cumberland" went down; through Virginia and 
West Virginia and Kentucky, till you have reached its center, as you 
strike northward to the Ohio river. 

As we were crossing from Fortress Monroe to Norfolk I got into 
conversation with a gentleman on the boat, and we spoke of the Avar. 
I said I had served under George H. Thomas. " Why, sir," he said, 
pointing in an easterly direction, "fifteen miles that way, as the crow 
flies, George H. Thomas was born." And as we went into Norfolk he 
spoke to me of Farragut, and of his life there at Norfolk ; told me 
how plain and simple he was : how unpretentious, and how little they 
who knew him there ever thought of the fame in store for him. So, 
as my journey here began, these names were linked, by pergonal re- 
miniscence, with the reunion I anticipated, and throughout it I thought 
of these great men, dear alike to the soldiers anil sailors of our war, 
who had commissions, and who had none. 

Right here let me congratulate our Society that it only of the so- 
cieties that sprang from the war (except the Grand Army of tlte lie- 
public) is so organized that he who carried a musket is as eligible to 
membership as he who wore a sword. I have always felt that no sol- 
dier and no sailor could leave to his children a larger legacy of honor, 
or a stronger claim upon a nation's grateful remembrance, than he 
who, from one end of the war to the other, fought in the ranks or 
among the crew; for they made up the Army and the Navy, and no 
speech that responds to the Army and Navy, and omits them, is a full 
response. And there were none of the leaders of our Army and Navy 



more considerate of, thoughful for, and grateful to their men than 
Thomas and Farragut; none who more heartily acknowledged the 
patriotism and sacrifice of the men who fought without the incentive 
of fame and position, that may be supposed to have had some influ- 
ence with officers, but for love of country and from duty. 

If I were called upon to name two typical representatives of the 
Army and Navy, men who embodied the ideal of high honor, modest 
self-poise, gallant bearing, and efficient energy which we assign to the 
Army and Navy, T should select those named to me on that beautiful 
September morning, near Norfolk, that I have mentioned. Here 
were men born in slave States, brought up in surroundings that led 
others to rebellion, urged openly and by secret persuasion to unite with 
the would-be destroyers of the Republic ; but who never swerved 
from their allegiance to their Flag — firm and inflexible against every 
assault, covert or open, whether of seductive influence or armed 
foe; sustained in all trial by an unfaltering trust in duty and the 
right; loyally upholding, because it was right and for no other motive, 
their Flag on land and at sea; rendering services of priceless value to 
the Republic; and in their simple adherence to duty winning imper- 
ishable and eternal fame. 

Mr. President, ladies, and gentlemen, it is not invidious to the 
living great that I name these greater dead as the highest types of the 
Army and Navy, and ask you to pledge the memories of George H. 
Thomas and David G. Farragut. 

General Sheridan: 

The next regular toast is "The Army of the Cumberland" to be re- 
sponded to by General Henry M. Cist. 


General Cist: 

Having said as much as I have recently upon the Army of the 
Cumberland, 1 trust you will not be afraid lest I may begin at the be- 
ginning and go through to the end. So I have limited myself in what 
I have to say, and, in addition to the few remarks I shall make, I will 


Army of the Cumberland. 

read a very interesting letter that lias been received, which is on this 
veiy point — the Army of the Cumberland. It is from an old friend of 
ours, whom yon have met before — General Joe Wheeler. Perhaps 
yon may remember him. I do. He burnt my baggage at Stone 
River. I should like to meet him again, and present him my bill. 

But to the toast. Through the discipline of drill, through the 
weariness of the march, and through the heat and cloud of battle, the 
Army of the Cumberland stamped its name in living characters of fire 
upon Fame's highest and enduring pinnacle, clothed with a glory that 
grows brighter as the years roll on. It was the great central force 
that, moving forward from victory to victory, always added territory 
to the limits of the command as the result of each campaign. It was 
the command contending successfully with rebel raids on the lines of 
its communication, prolonged far beyond those of any other large army 
that found itself at the gateway of the South, which it opened so that 
other commands could enter in. It was the army that, under Thomas, 
made the grandest display of defensive fighting during the war, at 
Chickamauga, and the army that gave the finest results of offensive 
fighting during the war, under the same great leader, at Nashville. 

It was the army that, at Mission Ridge, without orders and against 
orders, won that battle for the General commanding. The Army of the 
Cumberland will go down on history's page with the record that genera- 
tions yet to come may learn of our pride in our old army and in our 
old leaders. But the stalwart soldiers who marched in final review 
after the battle of Nashville, with a bearing that drew the warmest 
praise from the assembled throngs, were of a very different pattern 
from the raw levies of the early days of the war. It was a hard, hard 
school, out of which grew the veteran of the war ; and many a weary 
march with midnight watching, and many a hard contested field, were 
necessary to develop the troops that won the praise of " being the 
finest soldiers the world has ever seen." 

The men who were caught in the whirl of the patriotic glow that 
swept over the North in 1861, who were willing to do, willing to dare 
all — aye, and willing to die, too, if needs be — were of the temper that 

Banquet. 125 

made the best fighting material in the world — the American volunteer 
soldier. But great and lasting changes were to take place ere this re- 
sult could be attained. The years of training under Buell, of cam- 
paigning under Rosecrans, and of fighting under Thomas, were the 
fire " in which the fine gold was wrought," during which the Army of 
the Cumberland was rounded to a full completeness. 

Local Executive Committee from General Joseph Wheeler, our 
friend and fellow-campaigner, in which he speaks thus of the Arm}/ of 
the Cumberland: 

" It is but natural that I should feel much interest in that distin- 
guished army. During the campaigns of the years 18()2-'64, and of 
the first four months of 1865, their camps and mine were seldom sepa- 
rated by greater distance than the range of a rifle. I often listened 
to the music of their bands, and more than once have written by 
lights which shown from their camp-fires. In the many conflicts of 
that army, their line of battle and mine were face to face. In their 
movements from the Tennessee to the North, in 1802, the troops I 
had the honor to command were engaged either in attempting to re- 
tard their march or to press upon their rear, and the same duty was 
performed by me during almost every step of their subsequent advance 
from Louisville, on the Ohio, to Savannah, on the Atlantic, as well as 
during the campaign which followed, beginning in the morass of Port 
Royal and terminating with the battle of Bentonville. I saw these 
brave troops force the passage of rivers, scale mountains, penetrate 
swamps, and charge breastworks. I saw their proud array, with flying 
colors and bristling steel, at Shiloh, Perry ville, Murfreesboro, Chicka- 
mauga, Chattanooga, Ringold, Resaea, New Hope, Kenesaw, Atlanta, 
Macon, Savannah, Averyshurg, Bentonville, and in many minor inter- 
vening combats. During all this period, no portion of the Federal 
army won more renown, received more commendation from their Gen- 
erals and countrymen, or, by their intrepid courage, challenged from 
- their enemy more respect and regard." 

In the glory and renown of the deeds of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, each soldier of the command, as an integral part of the great 

In this connection, I desire to read from a letter received by the 

126 Army of the Cumberland. 

unit, has his share. Each aided in winning the victories that circle 
around its name and cluster on its banners, and in these each member 
of the old army, from the highest in command to the most humble, 
feels a personal ownership; and this is our heritage. This is our ex- 
ceeding great reward. Who among you would to-night exchange for 
untold wealth his experience of the years of the war. The glory of 
the old army is the share of each one of us, and in heartfelt pride we 
can say to-night, " I, too, was of the Army of the Cumberland." 


The next regular toast, "The Volunteers," will be responded to 
by General William E. Strong. 

General Strong: 

Mr. President and Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland: 

When Napoleon, in his first Italian campaign, had beaten army 
after army sent against him, in the negotiations for peace the Austrians 
objected to the formal recognition of the French Republic. "The 
French Republic," said Bonaparte, "needs no recognition. Its exist- 
ence is as manifest as the sun in the Heavens." The volunteers — the 
volunteers need no eulogy, and yet when we gather, year after year, 
to join in our soldier festivities, it is our greatest pleasure to unite in 
glorifying the heroic actions of our comrades. There are no friends so 
near to us as those with whom we touched. elbows in 1861 and 1864. 
There is nothing in this life we so much prize, that we so jealously 
guard, or that it would grieve us so much to lose, as the friendships 
formed during those years. There are no memories so tender as the 
soldier memories which lie treasured iu our hearts. The achievements 
of the Volunteer Army of the United States fill us with pride. The 
mere mention of the battles it has won in by-gone days calls up from 
every American heart a responsive tribute to its gallantry and un- 
swerving patriotism. We hear, multied and subdued, the rumbling of 
its guns at Concord and Lexington, at Lundy's Lane, aud Niagara, 
Monterey, Buena Vista, and on all our own battlefields. 

Banquet. 127 

The American Volunteer began his service against the Indians to 
protect his wife and little ones. He served under the English flag be- 
cause he loved it, in quarrels not his own, but he first began to make 
his mark in the American Revolution in his own quarrel, and he had 
his quarrel just. Is there an American whose heart has never thrilled 
at the mention of Bunker Hill and Yorktown? Has there ever been 
an American who does not recall with honest pride the memorable 
siege of Boston, led by the Father of his Country? An army of vol- 
unteers, without discipline, without a legal existence, an organized 
chaos, without stores, without camp and garrison equipage, without 
powder enough for one day's assault. After a nine months' siege the 
immortal Washington, the volunteer, closed in upon the finest regular 
army George III. could equip, and made it anticipate, in its departure, 
the swiftness of the steamboat which had not yet been invented. In 
the siege of Boston it was New England brawn and Virginia brain 
that made the enemies of the country bite the dust, and in the defense 
of Fort Moultrie South Carolina made New England's quarrel her own. 
These old memories come back to us now and augur a new era of 
peace, friendship, and concord in the land we love. 

In the beginning of the Revolutionary War, the volunteers were 
what all volunteers are in the beginning. General Schuyler wrote 
to Congress: "If Job had been a General in my situation, his mem- 
ory had not been so famous for patience." Richard Montgomery, 
the hero, the patriot, the gentleman, the McPiierson of the American 
Revolution, wrote : "The New Englanders are the worst stuff imag- 
inable for soldiers. There is such an equality among them that the 
officers have no authority. The privates are all Generals, but not sol- 
diers. The master of Hindoostan could not recompense me for this 
summer's work. Would I were at my plow again." 

The hope of George III. all through the War of the Revolution 
was based upon the worthlessness of the raw American troops. He was 
going to overwhelm them with regulars. He tried and failed to get 
20,000 Russians. He tried to get Hollanders. He did get 2,850 
Hanoverians, whom, in those days, he regarded as his own individual 
shamble cattle. He did get the Brunswickers, and the Hessians, and 

J 28 Army of the Cumberland. 

the Waldeckcrs, who were escorted out of their own countries by other 
troops, lest they should run away before they could be embarked. 
When Clinton and Sir Peter Parker arrived before Charleston, 
South Carolina, they issued a proclamation to forewarn the deluded 
people, and offered, in His Majesty's name, a free pardon to such as 
should lay down their arms and submit to the laws. Whereupon, the 
deluded people, represented by raw American troops, commanded by 
Moultrie, in a fort made of palmetto logs, gave them the best they 
had, and the next thing we know is Clinton and Sir Peter Parker 
were very glad to get away from the deluded people with a loss of 205 
killed and wounded, one ship entirely lost and several disabled; and 
the deluded, raw American volunteers had only eleven killed and 
twenty-six wounded. 

We started the war in 1861 with an army of green soldiers that 
had never made a march — that had never smelled powder. We put 
into their hands smooth-bore, caliber 69, guns and old, worn-out, dis- 
carded Austrian muskets. We then commissioned equally inexpe- 
rienced officers to command them. In November, 1864, every officer 
and soldier in the field was a veteran. Most of them had seen three 
years' service. It was an army to be proud of. In drill, in discipline, 
in courage, in powers of endurance, in esprit de corps, in military ex- 
perience, in every qualification which goes to make up the truest type 
of a soldier. There has been no army comparable to it since Napo- 
leon's veterans. It was composed of men whose bodies were so inured 
to hardships that disease could make no impression upon them. Every 
officer that commanded these men represented nine others that had 
succumbed to disease, to bullets ; that had been sent home crippled from 
wounds, from the hardships incidental to war; that had been sent home 
because the school of the soldier or the school of the company in- 
volved matters beyond their intellectual exertions. Some had gone 
home because they had been unable to stand the racket made by bul- 
lets, and better men had taken their places; and these better men — 
one for every ten that had at some time been officers in that army — 
stood there the culled and selected representatives of the best Ameri- 
can manhood. The army was trained like an athlete for his last cam- 

Banquet. 120 

paign. Every tiling superfluous had been stripped from it. When this 
magnificent command, without a useless pound of flesh, without a use- 
less pound of baggage— a command in which the very mules belonged 
to the elite of muledom, the men armed with the best arms then in 
existence, with three men for every two that could possibly be sent 
against them. When this marvel of an army started it was as irre- 
sistible as the lightning — it was bound to win. It was, in intellect, 
determination, aim, and object, in harmony with the universe. Vic- 
tory belonged to it. The (rod of battles was necessarily with it, be- 
cause his terms for obtaining victory had been complied with. 

We fondly hope, we fondly trust, that never again will we listen 
to the sound of arms and the tramp, tramp of the volunteers going 
forth to risk their lives for this country; but should the drums and 
bugles ever again sound to-arms, and our country need the services of 
its citizens to defend the national honor and preserve our institutions, 
the young men of the land will respond to the drum's first beat and 
the bugle's first note as did their fathers in 1861. In place of the bat- 
tle-flags we have carried home in tatters and honor and glory, the 
American people will furnish fresh ones in gorgeous, radiant beauty 
to future volunteers, and future volunteers will carry home theirs as 
we have carried home ours, untouched, except by honorable and glori- 
ous deeds. 

The men of the Anny of the Cumberland who fell at Stone River, 
at Mission Ridge, or on the field of Chickamauga, were as true heroes 
as the six hundred who rode at Balaklava. They only need a Tenny- 
son to immortalize their heroic services and send their deeds to history. 
No marble columns of granite shafts point out the resting places of 
those heroes of the rank and file, those boys in blue, who carried the 
musket, the carbine, the saber, and who handled the heavy guns. 
Thousands of them sleep in far-off graves, or their bones bleach in re- 
mote wilderness or swamp. 

" Three hundred thousand men — 

The brave, the good, the true — 
In tangled wood, in mountain glen, 
On battle plain, in prison pen, 

ISO Army of the Cumberland. 

Lie dead for me and you. 

Three hundred thousand of the brave 

Have made our ransomed soil their grave 

For me and you, 
Good friends, for me and you." 

More than twenty-one years have passed, bat we can never forget 
the boom of the Smnter cannon, the call for troops, the uprising of 
the Nation, the battles and campaigns, the final surrender, and the 
welcome muster out. More than seventeen years have passed since 
the guns were parked, the muskets stacked, the swords sheathed, the 
battle-flags and guidons folded away, and the veterans returned to 
their homes and loved ones. 

Our country's flag floats proudly in the breeze on land and sea. 
It is respected every-where, and it throws out from its fluttering folds 
a guarantee of freedom and protection to every American citizen. 
Our country grows and prospers beyond our fondest hope and expec- 
tation. Railroads stretch out across the continent, binding ocean to 
ocean, and tying State and Territory together in eternal union. Vil- 
lages and great cities spring up like magic. Forests disappear, and in 
their place we see houses and barns, and cultivated fields. The prairie 
flowers no longer fill the air with their sweet perfume, but instead we 
catch the incense of the growing grain and the new mown hay. Ev- 
ery-where we hear the ring of the woodman's ax, the busy hum of 
loom, and spindle, and lathe, and the clang of mighty machinery. 
From Plymouth Hock and Jamestown to Appomattox, the American 
Volunteer has never been called for in vain, lie has shed his blood 
and laid down his life, and he has shed his blood and lived, that Amer- 
ican civilization might live. Nay, he has lived and died only that 
American liberty and American Union might live one and undivided 
evermore until the sun and the stars and the firmament shall crumble 
into dust. 


Banquet. 131 

General Sheridan: 

The next regular toast is "The Republic, in its Relations to For- 
eign Powers," to be responded to by the Honorable Charles G. 

Honorable Charles G. Williams: 

This is a pretty time of night to introduce a poor, untitled civilian 

into this military company, Mr. President and gentlemen of the Army 

of the Cumberland, to respond to the sentiment, "The Republic, in its 

Relations to Foreign Powers." 

Let us see. Standing at an altitude where we could overlook the 

earth, viewing all its huge activities, could we see pictured upon its 

surface a Nation which, in the fullness of its life, in the measure of its 
strength, in the rapidity of its development, and the reasonable expec- 
tation of its happiness and wealth, and capacity for progress could be- \ 
gin to compare with our own United States? 

England, dating the sources of her power from the days of Al- 
fred and the Plant aganets ; France, with the oriflamme of Henry 
op Navarre, and the splendors of Louis XIV., and the closing days 
of the Empire ; Germany, reading her heraldic symbols on the blaz- 
oned pennons of Charlemagne, and bearing them thus down the 
centuries — all stand in the attitude of wonder and respect when the 
young giant of a hundred years walks forth on the highway of Na- 

Who shall measure our possibilities as a Nation ? Five years ago, 
Gladstone said that in 1880 the United States would be the richest 
Nation on the globe. We have not only overpassed that prediction, 
but we have outstripped all the Nations of Western Europe in popu- 
lation as well. 

England, with her thirty-one millions; France, with her thirty- 
six millions; Germany, with her forty-two millions — all yield the palm 
when the last census reports gave fifty millions one hundred and fifty 
thousand as the population of the United States. And who shall 

132 Army of the Cumberland. 

enumerate our population or measure our wealth a hundred years 

If the revelations of applied science and the mechanic arts, if the 
development of all the means of physical advancement shall go on for 
the next fifty years as they have done for fifty years past, it would 
seem that all points of comparison would be lost, and that the mind 
breaks down in trying to master and comprehend the possibilities of 
this Nation and its station among the Nations of the earth a hundred 
years hence. 

The acquirements of the mind in the unexplored realms of nature, 
the enormous results that will follow' from the wider application of the 
powers of electricity, or of the yet undiscovered and perhaps still 
subtler forces of nature, must surely raise man, in this enlightened, 
free country, from the stature of a pigmy to the stature of a god. . 

The other day, I visited Winnepeg, in the Queen's dominions, 
close by the Arctics, where timber and vegetation dwindle to their 
smallest size. I expected — we all did — to see at Winnepeg a frontier 
town, claiming perhaps a population of two thousand, and having one 
thousand, perhaps. What was our surprise to find it a rich, prosper- 
ous city, built of iron and stone and French plate glass, and resembling 
Milwaukee or Chicago in 185b' more than a frontier town on the far 
extreme of civilization. Yet, I was handed wheat to bring away with 
me, on the most authentic proof that it was raised twelve hundred 
miles northwest of Winnepeg, away out in the Vermilion country, and 
it was as plump wheat as I ever saw, and yielding thirty-live bushels 
of wheat to the acre, raised on land that three years ago was purchased 
at SI. 25 an acre, and is now held at $30 an acre. And I said, What 
has built Winnepeg? Then I was told, as you know, but I did not, 
that a syndicate with abundant means had undertaken the contract of 
constructing the Canadian Pacific Railway from Montreal to the Pacific * 
ocean, had already built four hundred miles West, and that five years 
at furthest shall see the Canadian Pacific stretching from Montreal to 
the Western waters. And we found Manitoba ready and pushing in 
line, too. 

And, in ten years from now, you of this city of Milwaukee shall 



see not only the Northern Pacific road, but at least four mighty trunk- 
lines, rushing their laden trains through the richest timber and farming 
districts on this fair earth. 

Let ns rise to the destinies of America and her great cities. 80 
sure as cause follows effect, so sure shall these four trunk-lines cross our 
Badger State ; and as sure as cause follows effect, Chicago — just as 
surely as Damascus once sat the fairest city of the plains, or Palmyra 
was the jeweled Queen of the East — so sure, and perhaps in the time 
of men now living, shall Chicago be the mightiest interior city on the 
earth, and her worthy sister, Milwaukee, will sit like a queen, gracing 
the fair waters of Lake Michigan. 

But what has all this to do with our Republic, and its relations to 
foreign powers? How many minutes have I left, Mi*. President? 
[Cries of "Go on! Go on ! "j 

Our foreign relations will not be regulated by manifestoes, or by 
the force of cannon bulls. We are waging with them a battle of com- 
merce, and with a bombardment of example. England and Europe 
respect our gallant young men, as gallant as any that ever graced her 
soil, or the soil of any country on the earth. She respects them as we 
did when the war called for them, and they responded — as we respect 
the brave veterans the war made of them.' Their system of standing 
armies will never be battered down by American cannon balls, but it 
is already tottering to its fall under the constant bombardment of 
American example. 

France is a Republic with her Chambers of Deputies, and is one 
of the strongest Nations of Europe. Germany elects her Federal 
Councils by States. Even distant China is modeling her affairs upon 
our methods. Already she builds telegraphs and railroads that a few 
years ago she drove from her at the muzzles of guns. And Japan has 
been fairly revolutionized since brave Commodore Perky sailed into 
those seas. Japan is now urging upon the Mikado's counselors the 
adoption of constitutional liberty. She has adopted our systems into 
her schools. Her school books are printed in English. All this tells 
of the power of American example upon the dead or dying countries 
of the East — of the thrill America has sent through the lethargic East 

Army of the Cumberland 

that is awakening those dying countries from the sleep of ages. This 
Nation must step forward and take her proper position in the family 
of Nations. The Isthmian canal will be cut through, and. that rocky 
harrier of nature severed. The waters of the two oceans will be united, 
and then America will assert her proper place in the commerce of the 
world, for I need not tell you that whether that canal be cut or built 
by American or European capital, of this you may be certain, that 
when it is completed and ships sail through, the American Nation will 
dominate over it. [Applause.] 

Three hundred and twelve ships sailed out of the Pacific ports 
laden with Pacific grain last year, going thirteen thousand five hundred 
miles around Cape Horn to discharge their cargoes at Liverpool. How 
long will that be permitted to last? How long shall the commerce of 
the world sweep by our very doors, and our ships from New York shall 
be sailing around the arms of Brazil and then South around Cape Horn. 

These are some of the salient points likely to come up in a discus- ! 

sion of our "Republic and its Relations to Foreign Powers." Nor yet 
do we need a huge standing army, but we need an army sufficient to 
protect our interests upon the land, and a navy to police our seas and 
command the respect of foreign powers. 

When Chili opened the American mailbags before our letters 
could be delivered to Americans, there the State Department was fet- 
tered in its action because we had not a single iron-clad to cope with 
the Chilian navy. And with the accumulation of wealth and the 
march of progress, how long will these things be permitted. 

In conclusion, let me say, gentlemen, that I am highly honored in 
being permitted to sit and sup at your board to-night, and if you ask 
me why I regard it as a prouder privilege than to sit at the board of 
princes or epieens, I will tell you it is because your undaunted valor 
and courage in the cause of liberty gave this Nation to the conn- 
try and to the world. May you live long to enjoy it, and when you 
sleep in honored graves, the memory of your patriotism will make 
them sacred, and the monuments of a grateful peoples affection shall 
tower above you, and the love of a grateful people shall hallow them 
forever and forever. 

Banquet. 135 



General Sheridan : 

The next toast, ladies and comrades, is " General Thomas and 
the Heroic Dead," which, in accordance with the custom, Avill be drunk 
standing and in silence. 

General Sheridan : 

The next regular toast, " The Army of the Potomac," will be re- 
sponded to by General John Gibbon. 

General Gtrron : 

Soldiers of the Cumberland Army: 

Let's shift our base to the Rocky Mountains — in imagination. 
The time is August 1, 1861, the place Echo Canyon, Utah Territory. 
A little cjlumn of soldiers is slowly marching along the dusty road, 
under command of Colonel Philip St. George Cooke, Second 
Dragoons. A group of officers is riding together. There is John 
BuFORD, a loyal Kentuckian, who, when he died, was the most dis- 
tinguished officer of cavalry our army had then produced. There 
is William S. Sanders, a loyal Mississippian, who fell, gallantly 
lighting the cause of his country, at Knoxville. There is George A. 
Gordon, a loyal Virginian, who died a few years ago in the army, 
myself, and one or two others. Suddenly a spirt of dirt appeared in 
the rear, and with a shout the pony express comes dashing up on the 
full run. The rider, to our surprise, checks his horse opposite to us, 
hands a slip of paper to the one nearest him, and is off like the wind, 
enveloped in a cloud of dust. The slip of paper is printed, and con- 
tains portentous news, which one reads aloud while the others listen 
with bated breath. It is the first report of the battle of Bull Run. 
As the reader progresses, and tells how the Union army gallantly 
carried every thing before it and swept the rebels from the field, I 
heard some one behind me mutter under his breath, "Great God, the 
thing will be over before we get there !" 

136 Army of the Cumberland. 

We had a march of twelve hundred miles before us! The reader 
"was nearly done, but down at the bottom of the slip were two or three 
lines, which were to the effect that just here an unaccountable stam- 
pede seized the Union troops, who fled in dismay to Washington, fol- 
lowed by the "Black Horse Cavalry" and certain "masked" batteries 
which played an important part in the conflict. The reader's voice 
ceased, and I heard a voice saying: "Is that all? Good God, there 
will be no government when we get there!" 

Such was my first news of the first operations of that grand old 
Army of the Potomac, which you have just toasted. 

The predictions of the listener to this dispatch were neither of 
them fulfilled; for, when we reached Washington in the following 
October, the thing was not over, and there was a government to report 
to when we got there. That government is still there, strong enough 
in the hearts erf the people of this country to withstand, if necessary, 
any number of such assaults as that blessing in disguise (Bull Run) 
proved to be. What share that brave old Army of the Potomac had in 
keeping it there let history tell. I am no historian, and will not 
attempt the task. 

We did not consider Bull Bun a "blessing" at that time; but it 
was, for it awakened this country to the magnitude of the task before 
it, demonstrating that the war was not to be a picnic, and showed the 
necessity for organized, disciplined armies. 

When with fancy's eye we see the disorganized, panic-stricken 
mob rushing back to Washington with a turmoil and haste which car- 
ried a goodly portion a hundred miles beyond, and contrast it with the 
body which that army afterward became, thanks to the organization 
impressed upon it and the discipline which followed its bloody course 
through so many great battles, we feel almost impelled to pass a resolu- 
tion of thanks to our misguided Southern brethren for having whipped 
us so badly at Bull Run, and to regard the whipping as an absolute 
luxury, as Mark Twain looked upon the whipping he got after 
attempting to play truant and trying to go to sleep in his father's 
office alongside of a corpse deposited there for dissection! 



I never think of this buttle of Bull Run without reflecting upon 
the philosophical way in which an Irishman who was there afterward 
spoke of it. Some one asked him if he had run away like every 
body else. 

"Faith, I did," he replied. "Them as didn't run is there 


Language would fail any man in the attempt to adequately 
describe the bravery, loyalty, devotion, self-sacrificing spirit, hard 
work, cheerfulness under difficulties and desperate conflicts, which 
characterized that brave old army, hampered, as it not unfrequently 
was, in a way not felt by any other army in the country. It always 
seemed to have faith. It was always faithful to its commander, no 
matter who he was, as long as he commanded it. It was ready to 
fight always, or to cease fighting when commanded to do so. It sur- 
vived the demoralization incident to all changes of commanders. It 
was disloyal to none. 

It saw the commander who brought it into being — and who, 
whatever else may be said of him, certainly had a greater hold upon 
the hearts of the men than any one who ever commanded it — taken 
from its head in the midst of a campaign, when strategy had almost 
completed its victory, and at the waive of his hand its transferred its 
allegiance to his successor. It fought as desperately under BuiiNsmE 
as it had under McClellan. After bloody Fredericksburg it re- 
sponded cheerfully to his command in the mud march. It hailed the 
advent of Hooker with enthusiasm. It fought as devotedly as ever 
under him at Chancellorsville, where every private in the ranks knew 
that we were outgeneraled and whipped by inferior numbers. In 
spite of this it responded cheerfully to every demand made upon it 
by him, and marched to Maryland. When his head fell, and the 
modest, comparatively unknown Meade was awakened at night and 
informed by a messenger from Washington, not that he was in arrest, 
as he expected, but in command of the army, this great machine 
moved on the next morning, hardly knowing there was a change of 
" the man at the wheel," and before Meade had become well settled 


Army of the Cumberland. 

in the saddle it fought and won the great battle of Gettysburg, 
throwing back the tide of rebellion from its highest mark! 

Soldiers of the great Army of the Cumberland, children of that 
noblest Roman of them all, George H. Thomas, tell me is there a 
grander record in the war? Is there a grander record in the world of 
greater self-sacrificing devotion, bravery, loyalty, and zeal? God for- 
bid that the time should ever come when any member of that grand 
old Army of the Potomac should lay claim to any superiority in loyalty 
and devotion over any other of the gallant armies which fought the 
great battles of the Union. Had I any such intention my tongue 
would palsy in the presence of the survivors of that army whose 
bravery and devotion on its far Western field were watched with the 
same interest we bestowed upon our own operations, and whose great 
leader was enshrined in our hearts almost as lovingly as he was in 
yours. All we claim, all we ever will claim, is a record second to 
none in the country. Though we fought on far distant fields, we fought 
for a common cause, the grandest cause any man can light for— the 
cause of our country. That cause won — not because we had great 
leaders, but because we had great followers. These followers were the 
people of the United States, who had made up their minds that their 
country formed a Nation and that the bond of union which held us to- 
gether should not be shattered. In support of this determination the 
people lavished their blood and treasure in a way which only a free 
people can and will lavish them. 

Fortunately for our success we had in the country such men as 
George 13. McClellan,. George H. Thomas, and Don Carlos 
Buell, to organize the raw material we had on hand and mold it 
into shape for the struggle which was to come. Fortunately, too, it 
was that, as that struggle progressed, commanders able, willing, and 
zealous enough to lead those organized machines, worked their way to 
the front and witli bravery and skill hurled them against the armed 
hosts which were striving to destroy the country ; but fortunate above 
all other things was it that we had in the ranks the kind of material 
which took this molding so kindly, so intelligently, so devotedly as to 


Banquet. 139 

excite the wonder, not only of this country, hut of the world; and 
strangest thing of all was it, that after these men had hecome 
"soldiers" in every sense of the word, and knew what a power they 
wielded — that when the fighting ceased, and they knew their country no 
longer needed them as soldiers — they were so anxious to return to civil 
life that many of them did not even wait for a formal discharge, but 
rushed home to kiss their wives and babies, to plant their corn, and to 
repair their fences. The world looked on with wonder to see us raise 
such armies, but it looked with greater wonder to see how quickly and 
quietly we got rid of them. And well it might, for there is no other 
country on the face of the globe that could have done the same thing! 
A Nation which can, with a nucleus of ten thousand men, create in an 
emergency an army of a million, and then, when the time comes, 
transmute that million into peaceful, quiet, orderly citizens, is the 
strongest Nation on the face of the globe! Other peoples do not un- 
derstand it, and it remained for the grandest Nation that has ever ex- 
isted to demonstrate the practicability of such a feat. 

Soldiers, you saved a great Nation. It was not the Army of the 
Cumberland which did it. It was not the Army of the Potomac which did 
it. It was not any one man or any one set of men who did it. It 
was the people of the United States. As you saved the country 
against domestic insurrection, see to it that it is saved against the more 
insidious efforts of corruption and fraud. Organize for victory against 
the spirit of greed and plunder now so prevalent throughout our land, 
and sweep from public place any and every man who holds his office 
only for the purpose of filling his pockets. Do this, or we might just 
as well have seen our country go down amidst the roar of rebel can- 
nons twenty years ago. 

But high above all such apprehensions soars the grand, god-like 
faith that a people who showed themselves capable of carrying to a 
successful issue the struggle through which we labored for four long, 
anxious, bloody years, is equal to any emergency which may hereafter 
arise. They demonstrate the truth of the assertion: 

" Who would be free, 
Themselves must strike the blow." 


Army of the Cumberland. 

We did strike the blow ! But the trouble was the other fellow 
struck back, aud so strongly and lustily that we had a hard struggle — 
how hard none can ever know except those who fought the battles of 
the war. I never hear the assertion made that we ought to have 
whipped before we did, without recalling the reply of the Yankee to 
an Englishman's expression of wonder that with an immense superior- 
ity in numbers and resources we ought to have whipped the South 
long ago. "That is true," he said, "and we would have conquered 
them long ago if they had been English or any other people; but, un- 
fortunately for us, they were Americans." 

Yes, my friends, they were Americans, and thank God they are 
Americans to-day, and deep down in every one of their hearts they 
are thanking God for it themselves, and us for having refused to per- 
mit them to leave the family. All honor to those who did it. All 
honor to that brave old Army of the Potomac which did its full share 
of the work, whose health you have just drank. I thank you for the 
honor of having been selected to respond to the toast. 

General Sheridan: 

The next regular toast, "Coming up at Shiloh," will be responded 
to by Captain A. N. Ellis. 

Captain Ellis : 

Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland: 

Gentlemen: — A brave and eloquent fellow-soldier of ours, one 
who laid down his young life on Kenesaw Mountain, in speaking of 
the rapid march to relieve Grant's stricken force at Pittsburgh 
Landing, used the following language: "The highest romance in 
military life centers in a succoring army. The sturdy heart of England 
beat responsive to the tread of Buulow'h legions — the fortunes of 
Consular France rested upon Dessaix's eagles — the hopes and fears of 
the loyal North marched with Buell's columns surging to the red field 
of Shiloh." 

Banquet. IJfl 

On the battlefield of Pittsburgh Landing, Treason danced on blood- 
roses her wanton bridal measures, for in those days Secession was a 
bridegroom who had invited the whole world to a feast of revolution 
and suffering. Backward across the chasm of those years that are 
gone again I see that bloody place ; again I see the faces of the dead ; 
again I hear the piercing groans of the wounded ; while over and 
above all roars the fearful cadence of battle! In my imagina- 
tion, I am once more amid that surging crowd of panic-stricken men 
on that awful Sunday night. In front a victorious and defiant enemy 
— at our backs a foaming river — in our hearts a determination to do or 
to die! Twenty minutes more and all would have been lost, with all 
terrible consequences — calculate them you who can — of such a mis- 
fortune. On came the rebel host, anticipating an easy victory. Since 
early morn they had pressed the flying troops under Grant and 
Sherman, and now on this last charge they would complete their 
work of destruction. It was one fleeting moment when the hopes of 
a Nation hung quivering in the balance. On, on came the serried 
ranks of the foe. Their victory seemed complete, so close were they 
that we could almost see the whites of their eyes, and then the red 
light blazed from Nelson's guns, and as the living wall in front of us 
ebbed away from our front like a great wave the gallant Fourth Di- 
vision sent up the first shout of victory that ever went up from the 
Army of the Cumberland. How that cheer still lingers in my brain ! 
There was a turn in the tide. The field was saved. The old war- 
horse — the Ursus Major of the quarter-deck — was there when his 
country wanted him, and there he will ever remain in the memory of the 
brave men whom he led to that war-swept field. Since that time the 
blood of our Division has been poured out like water upon many other 
fields, but officers and men still refer to that night in the woods at 
Shiloh, when we lay all those long hours in the rain, watching for' 
the coming of the dawn, listening to the sullen roar of the gun-boat 
cannon swelling high above the raging storm, as the most trying time 
we ever knew. Such places have a terrible significance; but, horrible 
as they are, they set forth the spiritual greatuess of man who has gone 


Army of the Cumberland. 

so far as to defy his mightiest hereditary enemy — Death ! The battle- 
fields of the world are the milestones on the road of human progress. 
Beneath every gravestone lies a portion of the world's history. The 
glory manifold of each great Nation has come over the path of human 
sacrifice. For all the good there is in the world, there arc fields bap- 
tized with the heart's best blood. 

The grave grows wider and deeper every day ! One by one we 
are falling into line and taking up the route-step on that last long 
tramp ! 

To-night as with kindly greeting we meet around this well-filled 
table and live over again those years of toil and danger, permit me to 
tell you how we went to Shiloh, and at the same time claim our just 
dues for deeds well done. Nelson's division broke camp at Nashville 
on the morning of the 17th of March, 1862, and took up the line of 
march down the Franklin pike. McCook was in the advance ; 
Crittenden came just behind us; Wood followed him, and Thomas 
brought up the rear. Our line of march led away off toward the 
south, some place where Grant was supposed to be, with whom we 
were to make a junction, go on to Corinth, eat up Sidney Johnston, 
knock the Confederacy into a cocked-hat, wind up the war in a jiffy, 
come home in a blaze of glory, hold all the fat offices, marry all the 
rich girls, and, in the dim perspective of the sweet bye and bye, to die 
of nothing short of a green old age ! Never for one moment did 
we give the rebels any credit for brains and plans of their own. 
Evidently, the officer in charge at Pittsburgh Landing was of the 
same opinion that we were. He had scattered his forces around in 
the woods, never dreaming of a call from those fellows over across the 
way some morning in the early springtime. He had not even thrown 
up a " line of in trench men ts, for fear it would make his men timid." 
It was not long before something took place that made them very 
shy and timid that afternoon, when Bltell found so many of them 
under the bank. 

The third day after leaving Nashville we were brought to a stand- 
still by finding the bridge over Duck river had been burned by the 

Banquet. 1^3 

enemy's cavalry. This was a great misfortune, as it delayed our march 
nine days. General McCook at once tackled the job of replacing 
the bridge, and a big job it was, too. It was one of the highest struc- 
tures in Middle Tennessee, some three hundred feet long, and beneath 
it ran a surging torrent, some forty or fifty feet deep. Nelson was * 
very impatient at the delay, and kept a constant watch upon the angry 
waters which interposed such a barrier to our onward march. One 
day, when riding along the pike between Spring Hill and Columbia, 
he met a courier just through from Grant to Buell, and from him 
learned that the former had established himself on the south side of the 
Tennessee, and that too within striking distance of a large force of the 
enemy. That piece of news was a revelation to Nelson as astound- 
ing as a clap of thunder out of a clear sky. He rushed back to 
Buell's headquarters, declaring that if we did not at once cross 
Duck river, and go on to Pittsburgh Landing, that Grant would be 
routed for want of our assistance. Buell did not think the danger 
was so great as Nelson represented it to be; yet did not seem dis- 
pleased at our division forcing the passage of the river and taking the 
advance. He bad sent a dispatch to Halleck, at St. Louis, the day 
after our division left Nashville (March 18), saying: "I understand 
that General Grant is on the northern side of the river ; is it not 
so?" Halleck did not inform him to the contrary. Light here, per- 
mit me to say, that this is almost incredible. But it is a matter of his- 
tory. These dispatches are on file in the War-Office at the seat of 

Ah, the memory of those bitter years when we groped in the dark ! 
When our country was bleeding at every pore! When the young life 
of our nation was being laid down to atone for the blunders of our 
leaders! When our generals did not know where they were going or 
what they were going for! 

But to return to Nelson's march. It was not long before the 
stream had fallen considerably, and General Ammen took soundings 
and reported a pretty fair ford. So we all stripped off and were soon 
across. Nelson had instinctively grasped the situation and so took 


ljfjf Army of the Cumberland. 

every means to hasten his march. Ninety-five miles of a most miser- 
able dirt road stretched off between us and our destination. The 
country was so poor that we had to haul our forage. Strong details 
were made from the infantry regiments to haul the wagons and artil- 
lery through the creeks and swamps. Soon there came a telegram 
from Halleck to BuELL, telling him to concentrate his army at 
Waynesboro — thirty miles from Pittsburgh Landing. But before that 
message came flashing across the wires Nelson had passed through 
Waynesboro like a whirlwind, and that very night went into camp at 
Savannah, on the banks of the Tennessee. I mention these things to 
show our rapid progress, for I verily believe that Nelson's march 
from Duck river to Pittsburgh Lauding was a far greater feat and accom- 
plished more for the Union cause than Sherman's march to the sea! 
The day before we reached Savannah we met the telegraph corps 
putting up the line and received a dispatch from General Grant, 
telling us not to hurry, as Ave could not pass on to Pittsburgh Landing 
until the following Tuesday. Had we taken Grant at his word and 
abated the rapidity of our march, I am sure that that very Tuesday 
would have either seen the Army of the Tennessee destroyed or prison- 
ers of war in the camp of the enemy. 

The value of the aid that Buell gave to Grant at Shiloh can not 
be overestimated ; and it is not for any one essaying to write his- 
tory (?) in the interest of anyone man, or set of men, to rob him of his 
just glory or cast an imputation upon the army he commanded. 
Whoever takes up his pen and writes that "the results of the battle of 
Shiloh would have been different, had Buell's army came on to the 
field in the way it should have done," is guilty of the most unjust in- 
sinuation ever placed upon paper. 

Nelson's lips have long since been sealed in the everlasting si- 
lence of the tomb, yet there are thousands still living who can attest 
to that rapid march through the almost impassable swamps and tangled 
jungles of the Tennessee bottoms to relieve our comrades in that hour 
of almost irretrievable disaster. Buell was a great soldier. In the 
council and on the field he was never found wanting. The task as- 

Banquet. Ijf5 

signed to him was too great for the means placed at his disposal. His 
lot was east in a day when an impatient public and clamorous press 
were demanding results which we now know could not he attained. 
He may be said to be the parent of the Army of the Cumberland. He 
laid wide and deep the foundations of all the subsequent fame and 
usefulness of that grand old organization. He found us a militia mob. 
He left us an army — an army the record of whose achievements will 
always be pointed ro with pride by all who loved the cause of the 
Union. j 

It is not for me to say where Nelson's place should be in the his- 
tory of the war. Prior to entering the volunteer service in '01 , he had 
been an officer of the United States Navy for a score of years, and had 
always been recognized as a man of undoubted courage, ability and 
attainments. Early in the year 18-10, William Nelson graduated at 
the Naval xVcademy at Annapolis, and was commissioned Midshipman. 
His first duty was in the sloop-of-war Yorktown, in the Pacific i 

Squadron, where he remained several years. On the 11th of July, 
1845, he received his commission as Passed Midshipman, and was or- 
dered to the frigate Raritan, attached to the Home Squadron, and the 
flagship of Commodore David Conner. At the siege of Vera Cruz, 
where he commanded one of the three guns of the steamer Scourge, 
young Nelson greatly distinguished himself, both by his personal gal- 
lantly and skill as an artillerist, being afterward voted a sword and 
appointed Acting-Master of the Scourge. He remained on the Scourge 
until 1848, when he was ordered to the steamer Michigan, doing serv- 
ice on the lakes. His next duty was on the ship-of-the-line Independ- 
ence, the flagship of Commodore Morgan, commanding the .Mediter- 
ranean Squadron. While on duty as one of the Acting-Masters of this 
vessel, he was transferred to the Cumberland, a forty-four-gun frigate, 
as its only Acting-Master. He continued cruising in the Mediterra- - 
nean over two years, or until sometime in the year 1851, when he re- 
turned to his native country in the steam-frigate Mississippi, which 
brought over the great Hungarian leader Kossuth, whom he accom- 
panied in part of his journey through the United States. On the 19th 

140 Army of the Cumberland. 

of September, 18f)4, lie was promoted to the rank of Master to the fifty- 
fo.ur-gun frigate Independence, stationed in the Pacific, and carrying 
the flag of Commodore William Mervine. April 18, 1855, he was 
promoted to a Lieutenancy, and placed in command of the store-ship 
Fredonia, stationed in the Bay of Valparaiso as a depot of supplies for 
the Squadron in the Pacific, where he continued until 1857, when he 
joined the expedition of Commodore Perry to China and Japan. 
On his return from that memorable cruise, he was ordered to the 
frigate Niagara, in which vessel he made a short cruise at the time she 
was selected to carryback to Africa the negroes taken from the steamer 
Echo. His last service afloat was in the sloop Saint Louis, attached 
to the Home Squadron. In May, 1860, he was placed on duty at the 
Washington Navy-Yard as Ordnance Officer. 

Perhaps no man of that day was more conversant with rebel de- 
signs, or had a wider personal acquaintance with leading men, North 
and South, than Lieutenant Nelson. He realized from the first that 
we were on the eve of a terrible struggle, and predicted that the South 
would fight to the bitter end. Being a warm-hearted, impulsive Ken- 
tuckian,his society was much courted by the Southern men and women 
at the Capital, and a brilliant career was predicted for him in the 
future Slave-holding Empire. John C. Breckinridge was his warm- 
est personal friend, and tried every blandishment in his power to win 
him from his allegiance to his country and his flag. 

The very last orders received from Buchanan's rebel Secretary 
of the Navy, relieved him from duty in Washington and ordered him 
to China. This order he indignantly tore to pieces, and, on the second 
day after the Republican party went into power, walked into the White 
House and offered his services to Mr. Lincoln. When the waves of 
Secession began to surge and lash against Kentucky, threatening to 
sweep her into the vortex of rebellion, Nelson, strong in the confidence 
of the Government as a man of capacity, energy and incorruptible 
patriotism, was quietly sent to his native State to rally the Union ele- 
ments, to encourage and arm the loyal Home Guards, to recruit volun- 
teers, to establish Camps of Instruction, and to do whatever else might 

Banquet. Ijf7 

be required in order to save the State from Secession, even to the extent of 
holding and defending its territory by force of arms, if necessary. This 
delicate and difficult service culminated in the establishment of Camp 
Dick Robinson; which was scarcely opened when the rebels invaded 
Kentucky, as Nelson had foreseen they would do, at four distinct and 
commanding points, with the expectation of a general rising through- 
out the State, large bodies of whom had been secretly armed, organized 
and equipped for this very purpose. They were foiled in the very 
essential portions of their plan — to seize the State by coup-de-main — by 
the timely preparations of the Government, effected mainly through 
the instrumentality of Nelson." 

Tlnse services were rewarded, and the young naval officer soon 
.found himself a Brigadier-General of Volunteers, his commission 
dating September 1(3, 18(52. The Naval Register reported him as "on 
detached service." 

His first campaign was in assembling a number of Ohio and Ken- 
tucky regiments, and, pushing up the Big Sandy, he met and routed a 
superior force of the enemy, under General John S. Williams, of 
Mexican Cerro Gordo fame! Nelson was next ordered to Louisville, 
and assigned to the command of the Fourth Division of the Army of 
the Ohio. For his gallantry at Shiloh he was made a Major- General, 
July 4, 1832. He infused into his troops a large portion of his own 
heroic, and unconquerable spirit, and had he lived through the stormy 
period in which his life was quenched, would doubtless have ranked 
as one of the most important personages of our times. 

In this connection I can not forbear giving an extract from a let- 
ter just received from General Buell, bearing date of September 1), 
1882, in which he speaks as follows in regard t.j General Nelson's 
character and services for the Union cause : 

"That an officer so conspicuous for his character and services/ 
during the brief period that was allowed to him in the war, should 
have been so completely overlooked, in the memories of the Army in 
which he served, is a most painful spectacle. You will hardly be 
able to say too much in commendation of him as a soldier. He 


Army of the Cumberland. 

was watchful about the well-being and efficient condition of his 
troops; exacting about the duty of his inferiors, but not less subor- 
dinate and obedient toward his superiors; habitually alert to the ex- 
treme of prudence, and yet bold and impetuous in action. He never 
hesitated about obeying orders, and he threw into his obedience the 
force of a conspicuously strong physical and mental organization. In 
view of his known character for energy and zeal, the attempt that 
has been made, in certain quarters, to impute tardiness to him on the 
march from Savannah to Pittsburgh Landing, at the battle of Shiloh, 
is as puerile as it is groundless. It is unnecessary to speculate on what 
he might have accomplished in the highest military command, though 
with his energy in action were combined cultivated talents of a high 
order. But in regard to the chief subordinate positions nothing 
remained in uncertainty; and with a complement of officers, such as 
he proved himself to be, it would be difficult to limit the achievements 
of an army short of the utmost bounds of possibility. 

" While holding up, for deserved admiration, his high qualities as a 
soldier, and his fine general attainments, you will not be able to acquit 
him of a sometimes harsh and imperious temper in command — a blem- 
ish that unfortunately is not rare in the composition of a strong charac- 
ter. Perhaps, in his case, it was increased by the exacting nature of 
his naval training. But he had a manly disposition to make atonement 
for injustice; aud often his conduct toward his subordinates was 
marked by a gentleness and consideration that belong to the most 
most delicate susceptibilities. 

"He had withal a keen perception, a thorough contempt' for sham 
in the motives and conduct of men. In his patriotism there was no 
selfishness or false pretense. It. was, like his character, direct, posi- 
tive, comprehensive ! He never hesitated or faltered ; but thrusting aside 
disdainfully all local considerations, all the schemes of ambitious part- * 
isaus, and all the envenomed prejudices of both sections, he threw the 
whole weight of his strong nature in the broad cause of Union and 



General Sheridan: 

The next regular toast is "The Army of the Tennessee" and Gen- 
eral William B. Hazen, of the Regular Army, will respond to it. 

General IIazen : 

Comrades — Gentlemen of the Army of the Cumberland — Ladles: 

I have just observed that it is the hour of 12 o'clock, and whatever 
I may say must be very brief. I regret very much that I could not 
have joined with you earlier. I regret that I am called upon, at this 
late moment, to respond to this toast, and fear you will also regret it. 
The Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Cumberland were 
sister organizations. They were both organized in Western States, and 
were made up of the same character of material and men. They 
fought upon the same battlefields. They were engaged in the same 
campaigns, they marched side by side, and at times were under the 
same commanders. It was my fortune to belong to both armies, and 
at periods of great moment. 

The first fight of the Army of the Tennessee was the affair at Bel- 
mont, where the General took two regiments down to the landing, and 
when the fight was over it Avas not quite known whether his forces had 
gained a victory or not, but we believed we had. Then at Fort Don- 
aldson when, after a hard fight, we heard from the Commander of the 
rebel forces, who sent to this eame General to ask what terms of sur- 
render would be given. Pie said they must be unconditional sur- 
render; that he was prepared to move immediately upon their works: 
and from that time, to the close of the war, the Commander of the 
Army of the Tennessee was known as LI. S. (Unconditional Surrender) 
Grant; and from that time forth, to the close of the Avar, the Army of 
the Tennessee kept itself in condition to immediately ''move upon the 
enemy's works." 

The Army of the Tennessee then moved up to Shiloh, where it had 
a severe struggle during the whole of the first day; and then our Army 


Army of the Cumberland. 

of the Cumberland came up and together we made the common victory. 
Then this army went to Vicksburg, and had a long and bloody con- 
test there, but finally Vicksburg surrendered. I could follow that 
army through all its different campaigns in the war, and it was always 
successful. We all remember its approach at Chattanooga, which 
brought hope to us, and succor to the beleaguered Army of the Cum- 
berland. And how, again, we all moved upon the enemy's works to- 
gether at Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge, and then moved to- 
gether on the Atlantic campaign. You remember at Kenesaw, how 
that excellent soldier and gentleman, General Force, went down; 
and how, at Alatoona, Corse telegraphed to his Commander that he 
would hold the fort, and he did hold it, although his face was partly 
shot away", and I could go on and enumerate those marked instances 
of gallantry and good work which are familiar, but time forbids. 
There was no better army, and there could be no better army, than 
the Army of the Tennessee. They were men who fought, and did 
whatever they were told; and they were directed by wise and 
brave men. 

They were never beaten, and theie never was an army marshaled 
to the held by better commanders. Grant, Sherman, McPherson, 
Blair, Logan and Howard, are names that will never perish. No 
army ever did greater deeds, or will carry in history a more imperish- 
able fame than the Army of the Te)inessee. 

General Sheridan : 

The next regular toast: "The Future of the Republic," will be 
responded to by Colonel Augustus Jacolson. 

Colonel Jacorson : 

Mr. President and Comrades of the Army of the Cumberland : 

Why do we old soldiers come together year after year? We meet 
for a feast of happy, pleasant memories. We meet to grasp hands that 
have done manly deeds. We meet to rejoice that our marching and 



fighting days are over — to rejoice that there is nothing, good or bad, to be 
heard from the front. The outposts can no longer be driven in. The 
intelligent contraband, just from Richmond, no longer interests us. 
The reliable gentleman who has just arrived at Fortress Monroe is of no 
earthly consequence. All is quiet on the Potomac. All the sentinels 
all around the camp cry, "All is well." And we meet to remember 
with affection the comrades who, in the old days of strife, stood and 
fell by our sides. We meet to remember with affection the comrades 
who have since met with us from year to year, who now meet with us 
no more — comrades who have gone to their rest with the blessings upon 
them of all the clans of liberty. We who love peace, and quitet, aud 
good cheer, and home, and friends, and firesides, why did we fight? 

" Lives there a man, with soul so dead, 
Who never to himself hath said, 
This is my own, my native land?" 

Our native land means not only the soil under our feet, the river, 
the lake, the shore washed by the ocean, the little school-house on the 
hillside, the air we breathe, and all the tender recollections of our 
childhood ; but it means all these free from the polluting touch of 
alien ideas and alien institutions. We went to war and fought because, 
rather than to see an alien flag vexing our native air, we preferred to 
die. We were asked to stand by, and see the quivering heart of lib- 
erty torn from her bosom, and, being men and the children of Liberty, 
we said, "No ! no!" 

Our fiual victory we meant should begin a new and better era in 
this country. It was a victory not for the few, but for the many. It 
was a victory for the whole American people. It was a victory ; and 
we meant it should be not only for the Blue, but also for the Gray. If 
there is any one sentiment that more than another that animates us 
all, it is that no American shall ever have cause to regret the day of 

But we meet here not only to look back. We meet here the 
children not of a narrow section, but of a great and mighty Nation. 
We meet here to impregnate the very air with a broad, generous, 


Army of the Cumberland. 

national patriotism. One and all of us, we wish to see our whole 
country, from Lake Superior to the Gulf, from Sandy Hook to the 
Golden Gate, blossom like the rose in peace and prosperity. The 
jarring dead past is crowded out of our minds by our inflexible pur- 
pose to fill with concord the unborn future. 

What is the outlook ahead? Let us face the truth and tell it. 
Business in this country is getting to be gambling, and gambling is being 
recognized as business. The gamblers pile construction company upon 
construction company, lease upon lease, pool upon pool, mortgage 
upon mortgage, millions of bonds upon millions of bonds, and make us 
pay interest and dividends upon five dollars where only one dollar has 
been expended. When we, the people, are unable to pay any longer, 
Ave see all our business interests brought to ruin in a panic caused by 
all this inflation and gambling. 

The remedy is a very simple one, and it is in our own hands. 
Let the people for their own benefit keep a controlling voice in the 
management of all quasi-public corporations. Let no franchise here 
after be granted to any railway to be built, except for cash. Lot there 
be no power to water the stock. Let there be no power to mortgage 
the road. Let the railway pay five per cent, to the investors, and let 
the people take the benefit of all additional earnings in greater security 
of travel and lower rates of transportation. Let the American people, 
and not the gamblers alone, profit by the growth of the country. In a 
growing country like this, a share in a railway, which could not be 
watered, which could not be mortgaged, which could not be bonded, 
which could not be leased, which could not be pooled, controlled by 
the Government for the benefit of the people, would be as good as a 
Government bond. Private enterprise would build all the railways 
wanted, and the people would get their transportation, as they get 
their postal facilities, at cost. Don't tell me of the corruption that ¥ 
would be engendered. The management of our National debt shows 
us that, equal to any National emergency is the common sense of the 
American people. 

The capital aud labor problem is before us. What is it? In our 
present state of society there are ten dogs, and only five bones. What 



makes it worse is that one of the dogs has four of the hones, and the 
other nine dogs have only one hone among them. Now, the Commu- 
nistic idea is that all the hones are peaceably to he gathered in a pile 
by all the dogs, and then all the dogs are to stand around, each wait- 
ing patiently for his share. The trouhlc with the scheme is, that no 
dog capable of getting hones has ever yet been found that would he 
willing to gather hones for a general pile, and then take his share 
with dogs incapable of achieving bones. Not unfrcquently, under 
such circumstance's, some dogs would ignore the general rendezvous, 
and stay in their own individual alleys with their own individual 

There is a solution of the capital and labor problem in accordance 
with American ideas. Wealth has increased a thousand-fold, while 
the training of the people, requisite to get wealth, has stood still. The 
solution of the capital and labor problem lies in making the common 
average man, by means of a better and more practical education, more 
capable of acquiring his share in the increase of wealth. And by a 
better and more .practical education, I mean high intellectual and scien- 
tific education, together with manual training in school shops in the 
use of all the tools of all the handicrafts. What we need is not a 
communistic distribution of property, but what we must have is the 
greatest possible distribution of the capacity to acquire property. The 
solution of the capital and labor problem lies in providing free of 
charge for every child on American soil the highest ami best and most 
practical training the child can take and the world can give. 

We are about to have a National political dyspepsia from undi- 
gested ignorance. We are every day biting off more European igno- 
rance than we can chew. Ignorance means danger. Intelligence 
means safety. The American idea is not to keep men down by force, 
but to raise them up by intelligence. The fundamental idea under- 
lying our Government is that it is wise, better, and cheaper to spend 
money in training good citizens than in shooting bad ones. 

Sonic men are born with a capacity to earn more dinners than 
they can eat. Odier men are born with a capacity to eat more din- 
ners than they can earn. We are not responsible for human nature, 

154 Army of the Cumberland. 

and we can not change it. But we have seen in this land of plenty 
the children of the honest, industrious poor almost starving to death; 
and while the children of the honest, industrious poor were almost 
starving to death, the dogs of the stock-watering gamblers were dying 
from overfeeding. For this we are responsible. It is all our fault. 
We have allowed the enormous increase of wealth to be put upon a 
card and seized by the few. Let us have no more railway kings to 
eat up the substance of the people. Let us stop creating blood-suckers 
and breeders of panics. Let the whole American people, and not the 
gamblers alone, divide the increase of wealth. Comrades, when we 
inarched and fought we did it to secure this country forevermore for 
honest manly toil and for honest manly toil's reward. Our comrades 
who laid down their lives at Stone River did not lay down their lives 
in order to help the rich to get richer unfairly. Our comrades who 
died at bloody Chickamauga did not die in *->rder to crush the poor 
into greater poverty by unfair means. When we scaled Mission Ridge 
we did not do it in order to turn the land we love into a gambler's par- 
adise. No ! when the guns of the Army of the Cumberland roared they 
belched forth fire to the end that in this goodly land for all coming 
time the common average man should have as nearly as possible a fair 
and equal chance in the world. 

Who can tell what myriads of humanity will dwell in this coun- 
try during the millions of years yet to come? We are shaping the 
destiny of the most marvelous Nation that has ever appeared on the 
earth. Even now, with its 50,000,000, it is only in its tenderest in- 
fancy, and as the twig is bent the tree will grow. Our Nation is the 
political light of the world, the city set upon a hill which can not be 
hid. It is our honor, and our glory, and our privilege to be the ad- 
vance-guard of all humanity. Let us then, as of old, march at day- 
break. Let us clear our front and move on to give the road to the* 
rest of mankind who are coming up. Let us here and now rise to the 
height of our opportunities and shape our affairs to favor intelligence 
for all, equality for all, liberty for all, and comfort and prosperity for 
all. Let us shape our affairs that this Nation shall be to the end of 
time the grandest embodiment of mortal welfare, a pillar of cloud by 

Banquet- 155 

day and a pillar of fire by night, to guide all the Nations on the road 
to human betterment. 

General Sheridan : 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The next regular toast is "The Loyal Woman," and will be re- 
sponded to by Colonel W. C. Wilson. 

Colonel Wilson : 

Mr. President: We have listened in wonder at the eloquent words 
spoken by able men recounting the joys and cares, the ambition and 
toils of manly life, the vast extent and growing importance of our 
Nation in all the elements of mutual greatness and power ; and while 
wrapt in amazement the master thought occurs, Who is the builder 
and director of all this greatness; who has laid broad and deep in the 
human heart and the human head the principles that produced these 
grand results? Bret Harte, in his "Luck of Roaring Camp," tells 
us how a little girl, left orphaned at its mother's death amid a horde 
of California miners, by her gentleness and purity unconsciously 
tamed these rude men into civilization. This charming story illus- 
trates the history of humanity, and furnishes the answer to the ques- 
tion I have asked. All of our political greatness, all of our social 
culture, all of our courage and probity as men, all of our endurance 
of toil and conscientious regard for right, all that makes us upright 
and perfect men, can be traced, link by link, to the principles instilled 
into the heart by a mother's teaching and a mother's training. Every 
day's experience convinces the reason of men that woman is the in- 
spiration of success and progress. Let the world's history speak ! It 
was the maidens of Israel that poured forth triumphal songs at the 
destruction of the Egyptians; it was Miriam that upheld the hands 
of Aaron while Joshua smote the Canaanites ; it was Andromeciie 
who filled the land with lamentations over the fall of Hector; it was 
Cornelia that freely offered her "jewels" for the safety of Rome; 
and Deborah and Joan of Arc and Marie Theresa, goaded by 

15 6 Army of the Cumberland. 

their countries' wrongs, girded upon their gentle and tender forms the 
armor of proof, and went forth the self-constituted but welcome leader 
of its mailed hosts to overthrow the Nation's foes. It was a mother's 
teachings that imbued the heart of Grant with a tenacity of purpose 
and will unconquerable, to deliver continuous and powerful blows 
upon his country's enemies, until lie brought them to a final and un- 
conditional surrender ; it was the confiding, loving, and encouraging 
heart of an affectionate wife that impelled Sherman to march from 
Atlanta to the sea; it was the hope that he might honor his- sword by 
laying it at the feet of some fair and loyal maiden that impelled Phil. 
Sheridan to that fearful ride to Winchester, though more than twenty 
miles away; it was the memory of mother and sister and wife that en- 
abled George H. Thomas to plant himself against the everlasting 
rock of Chickamauga, and to turn the gloom of disaster into the sun- 
light of glorious victory; it was a poor pioneer, but Christian mother, 
who trained the youthful mind of the grand central and controlling 
figure of the Civil War. 

Called from obscure and private life to public office in a most 
perilous period of National history, no man possessed in so high a de- 
gree the qualities necessary to conduct a great National contest to a 
successful issue as Abraham Lincoln. Gentle and kind, he had the 
heart of a woman ; firm and enduring, he was as bold and strong as a 
Numidian lion ; unskilled in public affairs, he brought to its exercise 
the largest patriotism, the highest sense of duty ; unused to the forms 
of society, no one was more attractive; humble in early life, he knew 
how to represent the masses of ihe people; possessing courage without 
rashness, humility without meanness, dignity without arrogance, per- 
severance without obstinacy, affection without weakness, never ruffled 
by anger or depressed by despair, blessed with an ever-present and in- 
exhaustible fund of humor, a genial disposition, strong, good sense, 
wide charities, impressed with duty, reliant upon Almighty God, and 
mindful of a mother's training, he stood forth the most heroic man of 
this heroic age. These instances but illustrate the fact that, while man 
may be the head and hands of every true movement, woman must be 
its warm and throbbing heart. To them we look for the encourage- 

Banquet. 157 

ment of every noble and philanthropic enterprise, the lifting of way- 
ward childhood from the paths of ruin, the succor of the poor, the de- 
velopment of all that is good and beautiful in society, and the ad- 
vancement of a higher and purer civilization for the human race. God 
made woman worthy to be the mother of mankind, and endowed her, 
in addition to personal graces, with the rich qualities of love, truth, 
and purity. Hers is the empire of the affections; her smiles are the 
sunshine of our home ; she rules us by right of divine sympathy and 
love ; she guides us at will by the silken thread of tender remonstrance, 
and every true soldier is her born champion and defender. During 
the War of the Kebellion there were women who for years denied 
themselves the comforts of home; who endured, fatigue, danger, and 
exposure to death, that they might wind the bandage around some un- 
known soldier's wound, or touch the parched lips with t lie healing 
wine. And still others there were, who uncomplainingly struggled 
with cruel and grinding poverty, and endured all the heart weariness 
and agony of loneliness, that their husbands might fight for the Na- 
tion. And still others there were, who laid down their lives for their 
country as freely as the most heroic spirit of the war. The effect of 
the zeal and patriotism of the loyal women of America was astonish- 
ing. The soldier felt that he was fighting under the very eye of 
beauty. In the flame of battle he bore the flag consecrated by female 
hands, and knew that if he should fall in the conflict the gentle hand 
of some country-woman would bind up his wounds, or, if needs be, 
close his eyes in death. During the war the American women were 
nearer right than the American men. They never hesitated; they 
never doubted; they never feared. They seemed to be present on the 
field and in the ranks; they studied the course of the armies ; they 
watched the policy of the Government; they learned the characters 
of the generals; they aroused the enthusiasm of the despondent; they 
rebuked the lukewarm and calculating; they made it impossible for 
deserters and maligners to return to their homes; they kept up an in- 
visible telegraph between the hearthstone and the campfire, strength- 
ening the arms and encouraging the hearts of the soldiers; and they 
so enveloped a huge army with their sacred influences that when, dis- 


Army of the Cumberland. 

banded, tliey at once returned to their homes orderly and valuable cit- 
izens. Thus, the army, whose bayonets were glittering needles, exerted 
as great a moral force as the army that carried loaded muskets. God 
bless the loyal and patriotic women of America! A grateful Nation, 
and a still more grateful army, will ever bear them in remembrance; 
to them belong unfading laurels and golden crowns. Their names may 
be unknown to earthly fame, but God keeps them enrolled in the sacred 
records of eternal life. With such an experience, with an ambition so 
ennobling, with souls as true as steel, yet soft as silk ; affectionate, 
gentle, tender, dutiful, even-tempered, and, to crown all, the empress 
of the heart, may Ave not anticipate a still higher and holier future for 
the women of America; not as Amazonian political leaders, but in the 
higher and holier relation of mother, sister, and wife, they may con- 
tinue in the performance of those duties God has assigned them— to 
mould men for honest and patriotic lives. Then will he realize the 
brightest imaginings of Israel's sweetest singers — "strength and honor 
are her clothing, and she smiles at days to come." "Her sons rise up 
and praise her; her husband also, and he extols her." "Give her the 
honor that the fruit of her hands deserve; her works are the praise of 
all in the gates." 

General Sheridan: 

It is now in order, comrades, for you to call upon any one whom 
you may desire to hear. 

In response to calls for "Bragg," "Bragg," General 
Bragg spoke. 

General Bragg : 

I thought that I was meeting a party of friends when I came in 
here, and during the war I was always opposed to the draft, and I 
don't propose to let you fellows enforce the draft upon me. At home 
they call me "Little Ed," and I appeal for protection to my friend 
"Little Phil." I can not talk, my friends. I am in just the posi- 

Banquet. ■ 159 

tion'of the old man who was noted for his profanity. Once, when he 
was drawing a cartload of apples up hill, and some school boys pulled 
out the endboard of his wagon, and when he got to the top of the hill 
all his apples had rolled out, and the boys all stood round waiting to 
hear him pray. He looked at them, and, taking in the situation, said: 
"Boys, I can't do it. Language fails to do it justice." That's what is 
the matter with me. 

In response to calls for General Fairciiild, that gentle- 
man spoke as follows. 

General Fairciiild: 

If the silver tongue of my friend, General Bragg, fails to do 
justice to this occasion, what can I say? for where General Bragg". 
fails or falters, no man dare go. And yet I will say, comrades, that I 
am very glad to be with you to-night. I feel it an honor to sit at 
your board, and hope I may meet with you again. 

Governor Rusk responded to repeated calls as follows. 

Governor Rusk : 

I propose to say, comrades, just this only, that I am not Governor 
of any State to-night. You have only called me out because I am 
Governor; but I am a simple citizen to-night. I am old Jerry Rusk 
to-night, and there isn't a man in the State of Wisconsin but what 
knows that Jerry Rusk don't do any talking, and the Governor of 
the State not being here, you can expect no speech from that direction. 

. Calls for " Fullerton," "Fullerton," were responded to 
as follows. 

General Fullerton: 

It is not time for me to speak yet. As soon as the speakers are 


Army of the Cumberland. 

all heard from, and the meeting is given over to the bummers, then 
you may call on me. 


Meeting declared adjourned, 

Letters and 161 










New York, August 31, 1882. 
P. C. Winkler, Esq., 

Chairman, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Having been absent from the city for some days, 
I have only just received your kind invitation to attend the Reunion 
of the Army of the Cumberland, to be held in Milwaukee on the 
20th and 21st prox. I am thinking of going West about that time; 
and, if I am able to get away in time, I certainly shall take very 
great pleasure in attending the Reunion of the Socitty of the Army of 
the Cumberland; but it is by no means certain that, with other engage- 
ments, I will be able to be there. 

Very truly, yours, 


Army of the Cumberland. 


South Bend, Ind, September 18, 1882. 

I appreciate so highly the hospitable invitation 

from you, that I have waited till the last day to see if I could not 

arrange to be with you and the brave men Milwaukee will so justly 

honor; but my engagements at fairs at Shcybogan Falls, Wisconsin, 

and Cassopolis, Michigan, 20th and 21st iust., render it impossible for 

me to attend. 

With sincere regret and best wishes, 

Truly, yours, 



Headquarters Army of the United States, 

Washington, D. O, August 23, 1882. 
General F. C. Winkler, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 


I beg to acknowledge receipt of you kind invita- 
tion of August 22d, for me to attend the Annual Reunion of the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, to be held at Milwaukee on the* 
20th and 21st of September next. I have discussed this matter with 
members of the Society fur months, and have explained fully the 
causes which will deprive me of this great pleasure. I think I can 
claim credit for pretty fair attendance at former meetings; and I re- 
serve to myself the hope that many more are in store for me; but if I 

Letters and Dispatches. 16S 

leave Washington during this year for any, I am under a solemn 
promise to go to New Hampshire about the date of your meeting. 
Your Society is so strong in all the elements of military and social 
genius, that my absence this time will hardly be felt, and therefore I 
beg you to excuse me. 

With great respect, 

Your friend, 




Governor's Island, N. Y., August 29, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, Esq., 
Chairman, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of 
your letter of the 22d inst., kindly extending to me, on behalf of 
the Social Executive Committee, an invitation to the Reunion of the 
Army of the Cumberland, on the 21st and 22d of September. I regret 
that my engagements are such as to prevent my accepting the offer of 
your generous hospitality. It would afford me great pleasure to meet 
the old soldiers of the Army of tlie Cumberland, among whom I have so 
many warm friends. It is a pleasure, however, that must be deferred 
to some future occasion, when I am less the slave of official and per- 
sonal obligations. 

Thanking you for your kind thought of me, 
I am, 

Yours, very truly, 



Army of the Cumberland. 


Headquarters Department of the Missouri; 

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, September 18, 1882. 
General II. C. Houart, F. C. Wimkler, and others, 

Committee, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Will you please accept my sincere thanks for 
your kind and considerate invitation to be present and participate in 
the Reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland. It is a 
source of great satisfaction to me that I have been kindly remembered 
on such an occasion; and I do assure you that nothing but important 
official business would have prevented me from availing myself of 
your kindness. The longer we live the closer appears to be the ties 
which bind together the soldiers of our great war; and as we wax 
grey and old, the friendships then formed stand out more and more 
prominently above all other attachments of life. It is a high com- 
pliment to me to have been honored by your invitation, and I thank 
you deeply for it. 

Sincerely yours, 


Letters and Dispatches. 165 


Headquarters Department of the Platte, 
Commanding General's Office. 

Omaha, Nebraska, September 8, 1882. 
Committee on Invitations, Reunion of Army of the Cumberland. 

I take great pleasure in the receipt of your in- 
vitation for the 20th and 21st instant. I should be delighted to meet 
With you again, and will do so if I possibly can; but as I am not yet 
quite in the saddle in my new command, it may be impossible for me 
to go away so soon after my arrival here. 

I hope you will have a very successful Reunion ; and with you or 
not, in person and in kindly thoughts I am always proud to have 
been of the Army of the Cumberland. 

Wishing the Society increased prosperity, 
I am cordialy yours, 


B ri (jade r- General U. S. Army. 


Headquarters Department of Arizona, 
Whipple Barracks, Prescott, September 6, 1882. ' 
Captain Robert Hunter, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 

I am in receipt of your invitation to attend the 
Fourteenth Reunion of the Army of the Cumberland, at Milwaukee. 

160 Army of the Cumberland. 

While nothing gives me more pleasure than to meet old friends, and 
revive memories of the gallant deeds of our grand old Army, the 
duties incident to my recent assignment to the command of this De- 
partment renders it impossible for me to be present with you. 
Thanking you for the courtesy of your invitation, 
I remain, 

Very truly yours, 

Brevet Major- General, U. S. A. 


Aiodrie, September 3, 1882. 
Captain Robert Hunter, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Your letter, inclosing an invitation for me to at- 
tend the Reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, at Mil- 
waukee, has either found me, or put me in a retrospective mood, in 
which I review the circumstances that marked my first connection, 
nearly twenty-one years ago, with the various elements out of which I 
was .expected to organize an army that should act an important part 
for the restoration of the Union. Some of these elements were, at 
first, not in organized existence. Some were in irregular and fragmen- 
tary form, and some were scattered, with uncertain purpose, over a 
wide portion of Kentucky. I recall the crude, and, in some cases, the 
odd notions with which these untrained citizen soldiers entered upon 
the work that was ahead of them, and I recall with equal vividness 
the zealous devotion to the great object that called them from their 
homes, the cheerful willingness to be taught, and the intelligent apt- 
ness to learn, with which they threw themselves, without reserve, into 
whatever hazard the future mi<jht have in store for them. When I 


Letters and Dispatches. 107 

reflect on these qualities, I think lightly of my task, and ascribe, in 
great measure, to the material that came to my hands, the prompt de- 
velopment of au army — call it as you please — the old Army of the Ohio 
or the Army of the Cumberland, which was second only in size to that 
other grand integal force, the Army of the Potomac, and second to none 
in the elevated tone, the trained methods, and steady discipline which, 
more than members, go to make an army great, and produce great re- 
sults. I pass over the details of its preparation, and trace the outline 
of its achievements, indulging, let me confess, an involuntary pride in 
its career, under whatever commander; and then I see it put aside its 
armor, when the work was done, and return to the pursuits of peace 
at the mandate of the civil authority, with the same facility and trust 
with which it drew the sword at the call of patriotism. I recall the 
fortunes of many of its members, who, personally, or by their deeds, 
came under my observation; of some who, on the field of battle, be- 
fore the end was reached, made the highest sacrifice a soldier can make ; 
of some who survived the conflict, but soon after its close, were called 
home with the honors of a duty well performed fresh upon them; of 
some who continued in other fields of public life to win new laurels, 
and then pass away; of one of these, especially, who, distinguished 
alike alike in the field and in the Councils of the Nation, reached, at 
last, the highest goal of a temporal ambition, and then, only a year 
ago, was summoned to a cruel and untimely immolation; while still 
others remain in public and in private life to complete such destiny as 
Providence may have in store for them. But all these are trite, yet 
not valueless, reflections, which, in more elaborate form, will occur to 
most of your associates at the approaching Reunion, but in a less sober 
garb, ami happily mingled with mutual greetings and a generous wel- 
come from the city that offers you its hospitality. 

It will not be possible for me to be with you on that occasion, but 
I wish you a most happy meeting, and beg you to thank the Commit- 
tee on Invitations for remembering me in connection with it, and to 
believe me, Very sincerely, 

Your obedient servant, 
11 D. C. BUELL. 

1GS Army of the Cumberland. 



War Department, 

Washington, D. C, September 8, 1882. 
W. A. Collins, Esq., 

Secretary Local Executive Committee, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

I beg you to transmit to the Executive Commit- 
tee my thanks for the invitation received from you to be present at the 

14 Fifth Avenue, New York, September 10, 1882. 

Messrs. Winkler, Marks, Huntington, Hobart, Ferguson and 



Milwaukee, Wis. # 


I regret that I am unable to accept the hospitali- 
ties of the citizens of Milwaukee during the Reunion of the Society of 
the Army of the Cumberland, so kindly tendered in your letter received 
last week. It is hardly possible I may be West at that time, but the 
contingency would not justify me in accepting your invitation. \ 

Thanking you for your courtesy, 

I remain, very respectfully, 

Your most obedient servant, 


Letters and Bispatclies. 169 

annual meeting of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, to be held 
at Milwaukee on September 20th and 2 1st. I have never had the pleas- 
ure of attending a meeting of this Society, and it would give me great 
pleasure to be present at this meeting if I could do so. I have been de- 
tained here for some time by the illness of a member of my family, 
and my movements depend entirely upon her convalescence. It is, 
therefore, impossible for me to make any engagements. 

I am, very truly yours, 



Department of Justice, 
"Washington, I). C, September 6, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, Esq., and others, 

Committee Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

I am quite obliged to you for your kind invitation 
to be present at the celebration of the "Reunion of the Society of the 
Army of the Cumberland." I can not accept it; my engagements here 
will keep me, and then I must leave and take some recreation with my 
family. Another year, perhaps, I may have an opportunity of being 
with you. 

I am, gentlemen, with great respect, 

Your obedient servant, 


170 Army of the Cumberland. 


Lacrosse, Wis., September 19, 1882. 
General F. C. Winkler, 

Chairman, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 


Absence from home has prevented an earlier an - . 

swer. Accept thanks for invitation, and regrets because I can not 




244 Federal Street, Boston, September 19, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, Esq:, 
Chairman, ete. , 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Nothing could give me greater pleasure than to 
take part in the Fourteenth Reunion of the Army of the Cumberland, 
but my engagements are such that it is simply impossible. I trust 
you will have a pleasant and instructive meeting, and that, with the 
various books and memoirs now being published, the truth of history 
will be amply vindicated in all that pertains to the memory of the il- 
lustrious Thomas and of the army he fashioned and commanded with 
such consummate skill. 

Letters and Dispatches. 171 

With my best wishes for all and my sincere regret that I can not t 

be with you, believe me 

Cordially yours, 



United States Engineer Office, 
1125 Girard Street, Philadelphia, September 11, 1882. 
Messrs. F. C, Winkler and others, 

Committee on Invitations Fourteenth Annual Reunion Army of 
tlie Cumberland, 

Milwaukee, Wis, i 


I acknowledge, with sincere thanks, your kind 
invitation to attend your approaching Reunion as an honorary guest. 
I have just been transferred to this place, and I am so much oc- 
cupied here now, and will be so busy during the whole month, that 
I can not possibly accept your invitation. 

No one regrets this more than I do, for I feel perfectly confident 
that the Society of the Grand Old Army of the Cumberland will, as al- 
ways, have a good time; and I know that the good city of Milwaukee 

will provide for it. 

Regretfully and affectionately, 


Lieutenant- Colonel of Engineers, Brevet Majov-General U. S. Army. 

Army of the Cumberland. 


No. 465 Clinton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y., 

September 1, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Committee, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I have just received the invitation to the Re- 
union of the Army of the Cumberland, and regret that my engagements 
are such as to prevent my attendance. It would have afforded me 
great pleasure to have been able to meet the comrades with whom I 
was associated in the most eventful period of the Avar.. 
Hoping you will have a happy Reunion, 

I remain yours truly, 



Post of Fort Clark, Texas, September 15, 1882. 
General Henry M. Cist, 


Cincinnati, Ohio. 


From the Rio Grande to Lake Michigan is a long 
distance. Weather on this end is hot and the road is dusty. Al- 
though I can not be with you in person, I will be in spirit; and I wish 
every member of our brave old Society joy and happiness, Remem- 
ber me to them all. 

Yours truly, 


Letters and Dispatches. .173 


1920 Franklin Street, San Francisco, Cal., 

September 8, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Local Executive Committee, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 


Your curd of invitation to attend the Fourteenth 

ReunioD of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, at Milwaukee, 

on the 20th and 21st of September, 1882, has been received, and I 

much regret my inability to be present. It would afford me much 


Marietta, Georgia, September 5, 1882. 
P. C. Winkler and otiieks, 

Local Executive Committee Society Army of the Cumberland, , 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Your invitation to the Fourteenth Reunion of 
the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, on the 20th and 21st insts., 
received. I regret that it will not be possible for me to attend the 
meeting, as I know from the programme it will be a very delightful 
one. Hoping all may enjoy themselves, i 

I am, faithfully, your comrade, 

Brevet Major-General U. S. Army. 

174 Army of tine Cumberland. 

pleasure to again be with my many friends of that grand old Army of 
the Cumberland, numbering among its regiments serving under my 
immediate command the First Wisconsin Cavalry, under its dashing 
Colonel LaGrange, and Twenty-fourth Wisconsin Infantry, under 
the gallant young McArthur. 

Wishing you the pleasure I know you will have, 

Very truly, etc., 

Brevet Major- General U. S. A., retired. 


The Evening Post, 210 Broadway, New York, 

September 10, 1882. 
General F. C. Winkler, 

Chairman, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I thank you for the honor you have done me by 
inviting me to be present at the Reunion of the Army of the Cumber- 
land on the 21st of this month, and sincerely regret to say that my en- 
gagements here will not permit a trip to Milwaukee at the present 


Very truly yours, 



Letters and Dispatches. 175 


Dayton, Ohio, September 13, 1882. 
General F. C. AYinkler and Others, 

Local Executive Committee. 

I have deferred to the last moment replying to 
your invitation to the Fourteenth Annual Reunion of the Society of the 
Army of the Cumberland, hoping I would be able to say I could attend; 
but I find now that I have .important business engagements at the date 
of the meeting, which I can neither procrastinate nor neglect with 
impunity. I must hence deny myself the great pleasure of greeting 
my cherished associates of the Army of the Cumberland this year. 
Be kind enough to salute one and all in my name. 

Your friend and comrade, 



Fort Omaha, Neb., September 17, 1882. 
General H. C. Hobart, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I wish most cordially to thank you and the gen- 
tlemen of your Committeee for their kind invitation to attend the 
Reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, at Milwaukee, on 
the 20th and 21st inst., which I would like very much to attend. I 
regret very deeply, however, that circumstances will not permit my 



Army of the Cumberland. 

acceptance. I have but recently come to this Post, and find much 
work to be done which I can not leave. That the Society will have a 
happy Reunion I have no doubt; and it is, therefore, superfluous to 
express the wish that it may. Indeed, there is much in your beautiful 
city and the noble lake, by which she sits like a Queen overlooking her 
beautiful domain, that no one can fail to be cheered and enlivened in 
spirit by a mere visit to Milwaukee. There is no better place for a 
great Reunion or any public gathering of people. It would be a great 
pleasure to hear you talk over the war in Milwaukee. The fact that 
so many Wisconsin men were soldiers — brave and true soldiers — must 
render the social atmosphere of that State peculiarly charming to all 

As you are quite familiar with the history of the Battle of Bentons- 
ville, and were the first commander of a Brigade that struck the enemy in 
that fight, I will relate a circumstance that occurred to me there, just 
after my Division had been overwhelmed by Johnston's Army. I had 
been left behind in the retreat, and the rebel line was pursuing calmly 
and in most regular order. I was on foot. All my escort, and even my 
horse, had gone to the rear under orders. After entering a wooded 
piece of ground, as I was walking to the rear in search of my troops, 
1 met a young Wisconsin soldier, who looked not more than nineteen 
years of age. I was wearing my uniform of Brigade General. This 
young man said to me, without knowing who I was : 

" General, can't we do something to stop these rebels? They are 
coming right on. We," referring to six other young men, "have been 
firing and picking off color-bearers and officers ever since our Brigade 
fell back. Oh, it is shameful ! I am proud to see an officer of your 
rank here." 

I asked him what regiment he belonged to. 

"The Twenty-seventh Wisconsin," he replied. 

In the hurry of the moment I neglected to ask his name, which 
has always been a source of regret to me, as I have wished to recom- 
mend'|him to the President for a commission in the Army. 

I formed these seven men in a skirmish line, and endeavored to 
frighten the rebels by giving commands indicating- the presence of a 

Letters and Dispatches. 177 

Brigade at least, and the men kept up a lively fire. But the rebels 
didn't scare at all. They marched right on; and we had to move on, 
too, to the rear. 

I thought the spirit displayed by that young Wisconsin soldier 
marked him as a hero, and, with a good opportunity, it would have 
carried him on to fame and honor. 

There were other noble sons of Wisconsin who fell at Stone River 
and Chickamauga, of whom I would like to say a few words; and, if I 
were at Milwaukee, I would say them there. 

I remember especially McKee, the Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Fifteenth Wisconsin — as brave and lovely a man as I ever knew. He 
spent half the night with me at a camp-fire on the night of December 
30th, 18G2. He had fought all that day in command of the skirmish 
line. He w T as depressed in spirit by a presentiment that he would not 
live through the battle. When Bragg made his brilliant assault on 
our lines at daybreak on the 31st — or, rather, after this assault had 
been repulsed and renewed — I was ordered by General McCook to 
retire across a field and take up another position. Just as the Fif- 
teenth Wisconsin was entering the field referred to, poor McKee was 
shot through the head and instantly killed. 

At Chickamauga, on the first day of the battle, I met Hans C. 
Heg, Colonel of the Fifteenth Wisconsin. This was after we had had 
some of the most desperate fighting. He then commanded a Brigade, 
and had a promising future before him. At night-fall, when darkness 
had put an end to the contest for that day only, I inquired for Heg. 
He had ended his career on earth. He died as the brave soldier 
would prefer to die, in the thickest of the fight — a bright and brilliant 
figure among his devoted soldiers. 

Wisconsin has reason to be proud of the many gallant men who 
like Heg, McKee and Paine, died in defense of our common country. 
They shed glory enough on the young State of Wisconsin. 

Yours sincerely, 

Colonel Fourth Infantry, Brevet Major-General. 


1 78 Army of the Cumberland 


Atlanta, Georgia, September 9, 1882. 
Captain Robert Hunter, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Your kind letter of the 27th inst., inclosing an 
invitation to be present at the Reunion of the Society oj the Army of the 
Cumberland, was duly received, and I am pleased to return my thanks 
for your consideration, but must express my regrets that I shall not be 
able to avail myself of the opportunity to meet you all at Milwaukee, 
on a more friendly footing than was our meeting at Chickamauga. It 
so happens that our court opens at the same time your annual meet- 
ings are held, and my business here demands all my time during this 
month, and the pressure often extends into October. 
I am, very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 



Alabama, Sejitember 13, 1882. 
Messrs. F. C. Winkler, Solon Marks, C. P. Huntington, H. C. * 
Hobart, Edward Ferguson, \V. A. Collins, 
Committee on Invitations. 

It was very gratifying to me to receive your 
courteous invitation to be present at the gathering of the soldiers of 

Letters and Dispatches. 1 70 

the Army of the Cumberland. It is but natural that I should feel 
much interest in that distinguished army. Circumstances possibly 
gave me a closer acquaintance with it than was enjoyed by many 
persons outside of its organization. During the campaigns of the 
years 18G2-3-4, and the first four months of 1865, their camp and 
mine were seldom separated by a greater distance than the range 
of a rifle. I often listened to the music of their bands, and more 
than once have written by lights which shone from their camp-fires. 
In the many conflicts of that army, their line of battle and mine 
were face to face. In their movement from the Tennessee river to 
the North, in 1862, the troops I had the honor to command were 
engaged either attempting to retard their march or to press upon their 
rear, and the same duty was performed by me during almost every 
step of their subsequent advance from Louisville, on the Ohio, to 
Savannah, on the Atlantic, as well as during the campaign which 
followed, beginning in the morass of Port Royal and terminating witli 
the battle of Bentonsville. I saw these brave troops force the passage 
of rivers, scale mountains, penetrate swamps, and charge breastworks. 
I saw their proud array, with flying colors and bristling steel, atShiloh, 
Perryville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Ringgold, Re- 
saca, New Hope, Kenesaw, Atlanta, Macon, Savannah, Ayersboro, 
Bentonsville, and in many minor intervening combats. During all 
this period no portion of the Federal Army won more renown, received 
more commendation from their generals and countrymen, or by their 
intrepid courage challenged from their enemy more respect and regard. 
Remembering with much pleasure my meeting the Society at Chat- 
tanooga, regreting circumstances I can not control will prevent my 
being with you at this Reunion ; and, thanking you and the Associa- 
tion for their kind invitation, 
Believe me, 

With high regard, 

Truly your friend, 


180 Army of the Cumberland. 


Washington, September 11, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Committee on Invitation, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 


I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of 

your invitation to be present, as an honorary guest, at the Reunion of 

the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, on the 20th and 21st hist. , 

at Milwaukee, and to express my sincere regrets that it will be not in 

my power to be present on that occasion, otherwise I should esteem it 

both a privilege and an honor to share the hospitality which you 





Newport, R. L, September 9, 1882. 
Messrs. F. C. Winkler and others, 

Committee, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I have received the kind invitation of the Society 
of the Army of the Cumberland to be present, as an honorary guest, at 
the Reunion of the Society, at Milwaukee, on the 20th and 21st days 


Letters and Dispatches. 181 

of September, inst., and regret very much that I .shall be unable to be 

Thanking you for your courtesy, 

I am very truly yours, 



Pittsburg, Penn., September 1G, 1882. 1 

F. C. Winkler, Esq., I 

Chairman Executive Committee Society of the Army of tlie Cum- 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I regret exceedingly that business engagements, 
which I can not possibly postpone, will deny me the coveted pleasure 
of participating in the 14th Reunion of the Society of the Army of the 
Cumberland. I hope that the reunion will be as complete in enjoyment 
as the fame of the grand old Army of the Cumberland is illustrious. 
Fraternal greetings to each and all, 

I am yours very truly, 



Executive Office, Saginaw, Mich., September 12, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, Esq., 
Committee, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Your favor covering invitation for me to attend 
the Fourteenth Annual Reunion of the Army of the Cumberland, to be 

182 Army of the Cumberland. 

held in your city on the 20th and 21st of tin's mouth, came duly to 
hand. I beg to tender you my thauks for your kindly remembrance, 
aud only regret that prior official engagements will prevent me from 

being with you. 

With best wishes for a successful Reunion, 
I am yours very truly, 



State of Minnesota, Adjutant General's Office, 

St. Paul, September 18, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Executive Committee Army of the Cumberland, \ 

Milwaukee, Wit. 

I most sincerely regret that circumstances, over 
which 1 have no control, prevent my accepting your kind invitation 
to be present at your meeting on the 20th and 21st. Being a member 
of that grand old Army of the Cumberland, and believing that in that 
connection I belong to one of the finest armies ever mustered on any soil, 
and knowing, as I do, that to serve under that grand and noble Gen- 
eral George H. Thomas, who had no superiors and few equals as a 
gentleman and a soldier, was honor enough for the highest-born citizen, 
and to be unable to join with you on this occasion, where we could 
talk over the scenes of the past, and again surround the camp-fire, is 
indeed a severe trial. Comrades, rest assured that my heart is with 
you, and I hope this organization of the Army of the Cumberland will * 
be kept up as long as there are members enough to make up one Com- 
mittee of three. 

I am, gentlemen, yours most obedient, 


Adjutant General of Minnesota. 

Letters and Dispatches. 183 


Louisville, Ky., September 15, 1882. 
General II. C. Hobart and others, 
Executive Committee, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

SUtS : 

My husband, General S. W. Price, is in re- 
ceipt of your cordial invitation to attend the Reunion of the Society of 
the Army of the Cumberland, which is to be held in your city on the 20th 
and 2 1st inst. It would give him great happiness to attend, but for a 
recent misfortune which has befallen him in the way of total blind- 
ness, which was the result of a severe wound received when leading 
his gallant regiment in a charge at Kenesaw Mountain. lie sends 
greeting, and hopes that the meeting will be as pleasurable as the 
former Reunions which he has attended, where comrades fought their 
battles over in social converse, and recounted their personal experi- 
ences in the long and dreadful stuggle of the Union against armed 

Very respectfully, 



Asiipield, Mass., September 11, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, Esq., 

Committee, etc., 

Miheaukee, Wis. 
MY DEAll Silt: 

I am very much honored by the courteous invita- 
tion of the Committee to be the guest of the Society of the Army of the 

18 J}. Army of the Cumberland. 

Cumberland, at their Fourteenth Reunion at Milwaukee, on the 20th 
and 21st of September. I am very sorry that unavoidable engage- 
ments prevent my accepting of the invitation, but I sympathize most 
cordially with every expression of gratitude to the soldiers of the 
Union, and of rejoicing in the beneficent results for the whole country 
of the war in which they served. 

Respectfully yours, 



Chattanooga, Tenn., September 16, 1882. 
Messrs. Winkler, Marks and others, 
Committee, etc., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Your kind invitation was duly received, and I 
hoped to accept it, but now find it impossible to attend. Allow me 
to thank you and through you the Society of the Army of tlie Cumber- 
land, for the kind and courteous invitation. 

May the Lord favor you with a pleasant and happy Reunion. 
I am yours most truly, 


Letters and Dispatches. 185 


Toledo, Ohio, September 19, 1882. 
F. C, Winkler and others, 

Local Executive Committee, 

Milwaukee, \)is. 


I have delayed an answer to your invitation until 

this date, hoping to be able to meet with the Society in Milwaukee. 

I am obliged to forego the pleasure, and instead send you my regrets, 

wishing the comrades one of the most enjoyable Reunions. 

1 am, respectfully, 



Washington, September 13, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Local Executive Committee Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

It is with no ordinary regret that I find myself 
unable to be present at the forthcoming Reunion of our Society. Aside 
from the keen pleasure of meeting former comrades, I have in common 
with you all a deep interest in the questions which are likely to be dis- 
cussed. These questions in various forms, and in several volumes of 
pretended military history, have been forced upon the attention of the 
Society so long as a public discussion of them might have been con- 
strued into an attempt to detract from the merited honor which all 

186 Army of the Cumberland. 

loyal men were paying to distinguished military leaders. It was 
doubtless well that the discussion was not undertaken by the Society, 
although the provocation was great. But the time has now come 
when the questions at issue must be settled for history. In this work 
our Society has a duty to perform. The official records, now happily 
accessible, furnish effective means of brushing away aspertions which 
have been persistently cast upon the Army of the Cumberland and its 
greatest commander. 

General Thomas, whom we loved, and whose memory the Na- 
tion reverences, fell dead at his desk while engaged in refining some of 
these unjust aspertions. 

In the hope that the Society in its discussions will take up the 
work where he left it, and prosecute it hereafter with vigor, 

I am very truly yours, 



National Military Home, Dayton, Ohio, 

Septonber 7, 1882. 
W. A. Collins, Esq., 

Secretary Army of the Cumberland Association, 
3Hhraulcce, Wis. 

I have your invitation of the 4th inst. to the Re- 
union of the Army of the Cumberland. I should be very happy to 
accept were it not that business at this Home renders it impossible for- 
me to do so, the annual meeting of the Board of Managers being on 
hand for the early part of the week following. 

Very respectfully, 


Letters and Dispatches. 



Boston, September 18, 1882. 
General Henry M. Cist, 


Cincinnati, Ohio. 


I have hoped during this summer that I should 
be able to attend the Reunion of the Amiy of the Cumberland this Meek 
at Milwaukee. But as its time has arrived, I do not Hud myself suf- 
ficiently rugged in health to undertake with prudence so long a jour- 
ney in so short a time, as I should be obliged to go and return. As 
these Reunions go by now which I am unable to attend, 1 am rather 
coming to the conclusion that I shall have to hereafter forego the great 
pleasure of meeting my comrades of Thomas's old army, which must 
necessarily be held so far from my home. I must content myself 
probably with reading their proceedings in the annual volumes pub- 
lished under your direction. Please remember me to the lew who 
knew me in the Army of the Cumberland. 

Yours truly, 



Detroit, September 18, 1882, 
General F. C. Winkler and others, 
Committee on Invitations, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I have to acknowledge receipt of your commit- 
tee's invitation to accept the hospitality of the citizens of Milwaukee 

188 Army of tJte Camber I and. 

on the occasion of the Fourteenth Annual Reunion of the Army of the 

Cumberland. I should be most happy to be present with you, but find 

that my business engagements will not permit me that pleasure. 

With kind regards and my best wishes for a successful and happy 


I am fraternally yours, 



Pittsburgh, Pa., September 19, 1882. 
General Henry M. Cist, 

Secretary of the Army of the Cumberland, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Owing to the failure of my printer to have a Su- 
preme Court paper book printed according to agreement, I am com- 
pelled to remain at home and read proof while you and your comrades 
are in Reunion at Milwaukee. I had a great desire to attend this 
meeting of the Society. I wanted to hear the oration of my friend 
Grosvenor, and to hear Governor Cox in his trenchant and inimit- 
able style tell the story of the life and work of his neighbor, our la- 
mented Garfield. I greatly desired to sec my old friends of the 
First and Twenty-first Wisconsin, the latter having spent the winter 
of 1863-4 in my command on Lookout Mountain. God bless them. 
I may never see them again. 

I tried to rally our comrades in Pennsylvania, but T fear with in? 
different success. Colonel Sirwell answered that he had lost his 
red handkerchief, and could not come. GENERAL Stamhauoii and 
COLONEL Hambright both answered in Pennsylvania Dutch, and I 
being a Scotch Irishman, could not translate them. Colonel Wyn- 
KOOP says that he is cooped up with rheumatism, and that if he does 

Letters and Dispatches. ISO 

not get bettor he will have to go into the coopering business. Gen- 
eral Jordan simply sent me the quotation, "On Jordan's stormy 
banks I stand and east a wishful eye." Even General Negley has 
become so engrossed in the railroad business, that he has become 
negligent about attending our meetings. 

I have a letter from Gus. Wicheriioggen, avIio used to play the 
"Rose of Cowanshannook " for General Starkweather. The letter 
is unique, and I will give it to you verbatim : " I fursthay dot ben Vil 
Sherry Dan gums in Sherman's pig house at Vashington dot he asks 
all de ole poys to gum down vonce a year and eat mit him and shleep 
mit him, all free gratus fur nutten. Den I goes." So I fear you may j 

have none from Pennsylvania but General Robinson and Captain 
Blackstone, and they are a host and rally on themselves. Let me 
close, not with a sentiment, but a statement of fact, which impartial 
history will prove: Chattanooga was the base from which Hooker 
scalled Lookout and fought rebellion above the clouds. Chattanooga \ 

was the base from which Grant charged Mission Ridge and Avon a 
victory, which gave him command of all the armies of the Nation. 
Chattanooga was the base from which Sherman fought his battles 
to Atlanta through the mountains of Georgia and thence to the sea. 
Chattanooga was marched for, fought for, and icon bij the Army of the 


Respectfully yours, 


190 Army of the Cumberland 


Philadelphia, September 12, 1882. 
Messrs. F. C. Winkler, IT. C. Horart, Solan Marks, and others, 
Local Executive Committee Fourteenth Reunion Society of the 
Army of the Cumberland, 
Milwaukee, ]) is. 

Your polite invitation is at hand. It would give 
me great pleasure, indeed, to attend the meeting of our Society at Mil- 
waukee, the enterprising and flourishing city of a great State that sent 
so many of her brave sons to the Army of the Cumberland, but circum- 
stances of a private nature will prevent me from enjoying that pleasure. 
That the Reunion will be an entire success in every respect I have 

no doubt. 

Very truly yours, 



Ottumwa, Iowa, September 18, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Local Executive Committee Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

I regret exceedingly that I am unable to be pres- 
ent at the approaching Reunion of the Society of the Army of tlie Cum- 
berland, at Milwaukee, your invitation to which is received, and for 
which please accept my cordial thanks. I would highly prize the 

Letters and Dispatches. 101 

privilege of listening to the noble eulogy General Cox is sure to 
make on the all, excellent Garfield. But it can not be. 
I am, gentlemen, with great respect, 

Fraternally yours, 



Boston, September 11, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler. Esq., 

Cliairman Committee, etc., 

Milwaukee, II Is. 
MY DEAH Silt: 

I beg to acknowledge receipt of your courteous 
invitation to the Fourteenth Reunion Army of the Cumberland, and re- 
gret that it will be impossible for me to attend. 

Your kind thoughtfulness will be made known to the Council of 

this Commandery. 

Believe me, 

Very truly yours, 



192 Army of tlie Cumberland. 


Cincinnati, September 18, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, Esq., and others, 
Executive Committee, etc., 

Mituxmkee, Wis. 

I am in receipt of your cordial invitation to at- 
tend the Fourteenth Reunion of our Society of the Army of the Cum- 
berland, to be held in your city on the 20th and 21st of. this month, and 
until to-day it has been my intention to be present; but circumstances 
of especial importance prevent me leaving home at this time, and I 
am compelled to deny myself the pleasure of meeting those with whom 
it was my privilege to serve my country in the glorious Army of the 
Cumberland, for whose enjoyment the kind people of your beautiful 
city have made liberal preparations. Although absent in person, I 
will be with the fortunate ones on this occasion in hearty sympathy, 
and when the names of Thomas, Buell, Rosecrans, Garfield, 
Sheridan, R. W. Johnson, Davis, Sill, McCook, Loomis, Harker, 
Palmer, Negley, Crittenden and a host of other distinguished men, 
are mentioned, I can justly appreciate all that is spoken in their praise. 
Their record is established as a fact of our National history, and I am 
proud of my personal association with such noble men. 

With an assurance of my sincere regrets that I can not participate 
in the joys of this Reunion, and the wish that I will be remembered 
by some of those present, I am, 

Yours very respectfully, 

Major and A. I). C, U. S. Vols. 

Letters and Dispatches. 193 


National Military Home, Ohio, September 14, 1882. 
Messrs. F. C. Wjnkler, II. C. Hobart, E. Ferguson and others, 
Local Executive Committee, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Notwithstanding I wrote you accepting the invi- 
tation to attend the Reunion of the Army of the Cumberland, I am now 
compelled to say that circumstances connected with my duties here 
will prevent my attendance. 

Deeply regretting the loss of a pleasure so great as meeting ray 
comrades, and wishing you a grand, good time, I am, 
With high regard, etc., 



Columbus, O., September 15, 1882. 
General IT. M. Cist, 

Corresponding Secretary Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 

Cincinnati, Ohio, 


It is with extreme regret that I have even a happy 

excuse for not attending the Reunion at Milwaukee next week. I was 

too ill to remain through the interesting exercises at Chattanooga last 

year, and promised myself the pleasure of the trip to Wisconsin, but 

the thirty-second anniversary of my marriage, as well as that of my 


Army of the Cumberland. 

elder brother (a good soldier of the Army of the Potomac), occurs on 
the 19th inst., and a family reunion, with friends from Massachusetts, 
make the visit impossible. However, the reunion anniversaries of our 
Society will always be celebrated, present or absent, so long as I live, 
and I trust long afterward by my son, who bears the honored name 
of our old commander George H. Thomas, and who is now doing 
honest service for his country as a young naval officer. 

Trusting that the approaching Reunion, with the sadness and 
gloom of the last mellowed by the lapse of time, will be full of present 
joy and hope, I remain, 

Very sincerely yours, 



Delaware, 0., September 18, 1882. 
General Cist, 

Corresponding Secretary, 

Cincinnati, Oliio. 


I regret to have to say I can not be present at the 

Reunion this year. I regret it the more because I hope to add my 

mite in preventing our Society from drifting away from its moorings, 

and from at least one of the objects for which it came into existence: 

"To preserve that unanimity of loyal sentiment." The sentiment at 

the time that tried men, was, "Traitors should be punished and treason 

made odious." This feeling has changed, at least to agreeing that* 

"our erring brethren" have escaped punishment, and treason has not 

been made odious to any great extent. I would accord to their acts 

and their cause forgetfulness, and accept them as citizens, judged only 

by the present; but emphatically and persistently object to honoring 

either their cause, their actions, or their further course in rebellion 

Letters and Dispatches. 105 

against this freest and best Government in the world. Last year the 
annual address, and other proceedings, consisted largely of honors to 
"Confederates," as such, and for this year the local press in the vicin- 
ity of the meeting, notably the Pioneer-Press, contain cards and notices 
to Confederates to send in their names so that formal invitations shall 
be sent them. This, not to any specific ones or class of Confederates, 
because of soldierly qualities, honorable citizenship, or any other merit, 
but to all Confederates, to all comers, without distinction or qualifica- 
tion, except solely that he shall have been a rebel. It took a consti- 
tutional provision to permit the President or a Vice-President to invite 
an officer of another Union Army to attend our Reunions. We should 
call a halt in this wholesale honoring of Confederates above our glori- 
ous Union comrades, or honoring them at all as Confederates, or dis- 



Fifteenth Regiment, 0. V. L 


Schuylkill Arsenal, 
Philadelphia, September 15, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler, H. C. Hobart, E. Ferguson and others, 

Local Fvecutive Committee Fourteenth Reunion Society Army of 
the Cumberland, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

When we voted to have Milwaukee as the next 
place for our Reunion, I surely thought I would be able to attend, as 
I was then teaching the young ideas how to shoot at the Galesville 
University, but I was ordered to this place, and now, I regret to say, 

196 Army of the Cumberland. 

I can not accept your kind invitation to be present at the Reunion. It 
is a great disappointment to me. 

Wishing you a pleasant Reunion, I remain, 

Your comrade, 

Captain and A. Q. M. U. S. A. 


Germantown, 0., September 16, 1882. 
F. C. Winkler and others, 

Local Executive Committee, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Circular invitation to Reunion at hand. Sorry 
our Reunion generally comes at our busiest season of the year; and, 
consequently, I must send regrets instead of reporting present for duty. 
Shall be with you in spirit, however. Will do the next best thing, 
send my dues to the Treasurer, secure a copy of minutes, and read 
what you have to say. 

With best wishes, etc;, 

Your comrade, 


Letters raid Dispa teh es. 10 7 


Cincinnati, September 15, 1882. 
Gentlemen of the Local Executive Committee, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

I had confidently hoped to be with you the 20th 
and 21st up to the last few days, but can not accept at too great a 
sacrifice. In a few more years, let us hope, every one of us will 
have quartermaster-commissary stores sufficient to stand the seige of 
life. Then, instead of a hurried two or three days at our Reunions, 
we will make a week of it, and letters of regret will be un- 

Sincerely yours, 

A. C. FORD. 


Commonwealth of Pennsylvania' House of Repre- 
sentatives, Haeeisbueg, September 12, 1882. 
Messes. Winkler and others, 

Local Executive Committee, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

The exacting nature of my duties will deprive me 
of the pleasure of being with you on the 20th. Regreting that I can 
not come and enjoy some of the pure, bracing, and healthful atmo- 


Army of the Cumberland. 

sphere aud generous hospitalities that will be uumasked by the loyal 
veterans of your city, 

With kindly remembrances, 

I am your comrade, 


Late Captain 14tli A. C. 



In JDflJpinoriam 



^#tfg 14, 1805 

In Memoriam. 203 -tfi 

In Jltaorietn. 


Banning. — At Cincinnati, Ohio, on December 10th, 1881, died Henry 
Blacks-tone Banning, late Brevet Major-General in the service of the United 
States, aged 47 years. 

Brevet Major-General Henry Blackstone Banning was born 
November 10th, 1834, at Banning's Mills, in Knox County, Ohio. 
His childhood was passed there and he received his early education at 
the old Clinton School House, under the instruction of Father Mott, a 
pedagogue of much celebrity in that neighborhood. He afterward at- 
tended an academy at Mount Vernon, Ohio, and, at the age of seven- 
teen, entered a law office as a student, and became admitted to the 
bar on attaining his majority. He continued the practice until the 
breaking out of the rebellion, when he enlisted under the first call of the 
President for troops, and was elected Captain of his company, which 
became Company B, Fourth O. V. I. With this company he served 
until the spring of 1862, in West Virginia and the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, participating in the familiar battles of Rich Mountain, Romney, 
Blue Gap and Winchester. 

After the battle of Winchester, and on the recommendation of 
General Sihelds, the appointment of Major of the Fifty-second O. 
V. I. was tendered him, and accepted, but he never joined that com- 
mand, being assigned to the command of the Eighty-seventh O. V. I., 
a three months regiment. 

204 Army of the Cumberland. 

At the expiration of the term of the Eghty-seventh, he was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Ohio, 
and served with that regiment until the spring of 1863, when he was 
commissioned Colonel of the One Hundred and Twenty-first Ohio. 
This regiment had met with misfortune at the battle of Perryville, 
and was badly demoralized when Colonel Banning took command. 
Recognizing the good material under him, the new Colonel soon re- 
stored discipline and raised the regiment to a -high degree of effect- 

Confidence leading it into the field at the battle of Chickamauga, 
not only wiped out the stain of Perryville by its gallant conduct, but 
captured the only stand of Confederate colors taken by the Union 
troops that day. 

This was done in a hand to hand conflict with an Alabama regi- 
ment, in which the Alabamians were badly beaten. After the battle 
of Chickamauga he commanded the regiment through the Atlanta 

After. the fall of Atlanta, Colonel Banning and his regiment 
went with General Thomas in his campaign against Hood, in Ten- 
nessee, culminating in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, resulting 
in the total defeat of the rebel forces. 

For gallant and meritorious services during these campaigns, he 
was, upon the recommendation of his commanding ofKcers, brevetted 

In the spring of 1865, when the war was virtually over, he was 
placed in command of the One Hundred and Ninety-fifth Ohio, and 
then serving in the Valley of Virginia, he was ordered, with his regi- 
ment, to the command of the Post of Alexandria, Virginia. 

In the fall of 1865, while still in this command, he was elected to 
the House of Representatives of the Ohio Legislature, by the voters of 
Knox County. 

Resigning his commission, and stepping from the field into the 
forum, he distinguished himself by the ability and energy with which 
he introduced and urged many beneficial measures and reforms. 

After serving one term in the Legislature, he declined a rc-elec- 

In Memoriam. 205 

tion and removed to Cincinnati, where he resumed the practice of the 
law. In 1872, he became the nominee of the Liberal Republican 
party for Representative of the Second District of Ohio in Congress, 
and was elected by a large majority over Hon. R. B. Hayes, now 
Ex-President, the regular Republican nominee. He was re-elected 
two succeeding terms as a Democrat, defeating Hon. Job E. Steven- 
son and Hon. Stanley Matthews. 

General Banking's career as a soldier, a statesman and a law- 
yer, may be written down as a splendid success. 

In the year 18(>G, he married Miss Julia Kirby, daughter of the 
late Timothy Kirby, of Cincinnati. The fruits of that union are 
four children, all of whom are living. On Saturday morning, Decem- 
ber 10th, 1881, he died, at his residence — the old Kirby homestead. 
He had been suffering several mouths from some disease that baffled 
the skill of the best physicians — the probable result of injuries re- 
ceived during the war; but his death was not looked for, and came as 
a sudden aud unexpected shock. 


Fearing. — Died at Ilarrmir, Ohio, December 11th, 1881, in the forty- 
fourth year of his age, Brevet Brioadier General Benjamin Dana 

General Fearing was born at Harmar, Ohio, in 1837. His 
paternal grandfather, Hon. Paul Fearing, came out with the first 
colony of the "Ohio Company," and, at the first Court held in the 
block-house at Camp Martins, now Marietta, in 1788, was admitted as 
an attorney, and was the first lawyer in the territory. Through his 
maternal grandfather, Benjamin Dana, also one of the " Ohio Com- 
pany," and one of the early settlers of Marietta, he was the lineal de- 
scendant of the fourth generation from General Israel Putnam. 

His youth was spent in his native place, for the most part in 
sehool, and at the age of nineteen he graduated from Marietta College. 

206 Army of the Cumberland. 

While on a visit to Cincinnati, in 18G1, news came of the firing on 
Sumter. On the second day following, young Fearing enlisted in 
the Zouave Guards, which started immediately for Washington, and, 
upon the organization of regiments at Harrisburg, Penn., became 
Company D, Second Ohio. With this regiment he proceeded to the 
Capital, and thence into Virginia, under General Sciienck. During 
this march he was promoted to Fourth Corporal. 

At the request of Lteutenant-Colonel Clarke, he then entered 
the Camp of the Thirty-sixth Ohio, to assist in drilling that regiment, 
and accompanied it to West Virginia as Adjutant, at the same time 
serving as A. A. G. to General Slemmer. While in this service, 
he received the appointment of First Lieutenant to the Sixty-seventh 
Regiment at Marietta; but, while on his way to report for duty, was 
notified of his further promotion to Major of the Seventy-seventh Ohio, 
then organizing under Colonel Hildebrand at Camp Tupper, 
Marietta, Ohio. This regiment being ordered South for duty, arrived 
at Paducah, Ky., February 22d, 1862, without arms, reported to 
Brigadier-General Sherman, and went into camp. Here Major 
Fearing's labors were incessant. New regiments were constantly 
arriving, and discipline was extremely lax. The hospitals were over- 
crowded. He was kind, but firm, with his men, requiring strict 
attendance at drill and roll-call; looking closely after their rations ; 
seeing that their tents were kept dry, and that sanitary regulations 
were obeyed, the sick receiving every attention possible. Upon the 
organization of the Division of General Sherman, Colonel 
Hildebrand was placed in command of the Third Brigade, con- 
sisting of the Seventy-seventh, Fifty-seventh and Fifty-third Ohio 
Regiments. Arms weie issued to the Seventy-seventh on March 
(ith, and the same day the regiment embarked on the steamer 
Ohio, as the advance of the Army of the Tennessee, up the Tennes-' 
see River. On March 14th the Division lauded at the mouth of Yel- 
low Creek, intending to strike the M. & C. Railroad at Iuka. It rained 
in torrents, and the creek rose so rapidly as to cut off those who had 
already crossed and forced the balance to re-embark. Major Fearing 
constructed a bridge of boats, upon which the isolated regiments re- 

In Memoriam, 207 

crossed. His promptness and skill in this drew the attention and com- 
mendation of General Sherman. The transports steamed down to 
Pittsburg Landing. The Brigade disembarked March lGth, and was 
soon encamped a few miles west of the landing, the right of the 
Seventy-seventh resting on the road directly in front of Shiloh Church. 

On April 5th GeNERAL Sherman ordered Colonel IIildebrand 
to send the Seventy-seventh, early next morning, to the "See House," 
a farm-house just beyond the picket line, in support of the Fifth Ohio 
Cavalry, to discover the strength of the enemy. They advanced, when 
messengers came from the picket line urging reinforcements. Major 
Fearing, with two companies of the Seventy-seventh and two of the 
Fifty-third, hastened forward, but met the entire line retreating. 
Hastly falling back, he placed the Seventy-seventh in front of its 
color-line, and, aided by Taylor's Battery, repulsed the repeated 
charges of the enemy till the order was given to fall back on the 
Purdy road and form a new line. During this terrible conflict, Major 
Fearing won the respect and admiration of all. He was constantly 
along the line, encouraging his men and directing their movements. 

Major Fearing continued with the regiment during the advance 
to Corinth and the march through West Tennessee to Memphis. In 
August, 1862, he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the Ninety- 
second Ohio, then being raised at Marietta. 

On the 7th of October the Ninety-second was sent to the Kanawha 
Valley, and, after a brief term of service under General Cox, was 
sent, with General Crook's Brigade, to Carthage, Tenn. On March 
22nd, 1863, Lieutenant-Colonel Fearing was made full Colonel of 
the regiment. In June General Crook's Brigade joined the Army of 
the Cumberland at Murfreesboro. The army moved against the enemy 
soon after, Crook's Brigade leading the advance of the Fourteenth 
Corps. At Hoover's Gap, Colonel Fearing was placed in command 
of three regiments, and with them held the Gap, which had been car- 
ried by a brilliant dash of AVilder's Cavalry. The Ninety-second was 
then engaged at Catlett's Gap, Georgia, September 8th. 

On the 19th of September, at Chickamauga, the regiment was in 
the hottest of the light. Late in the evening, while leading a charge, 

208 Army of the Cumberland. 

Colonel Fearing was severely wounded by a Minnie ball, which 
passed through both thighs. The regiment on this day lost sixty men. 
Colonel Fearing was sent to a field hospital near the Glen House. 
His wounds rapidly healed, and he was soon well enough for Court- 
martial duty. In March, 1864, he returned to the front and took 
command of his regiment, then at Ringgold, Georgia. 

May 7th, Colonel Fearing, with his regiment, moved out to 
take part in the series of battles for the possession of Atlanta. At 
Reseca, New Hope, Kenesaw, Smyrna Camp Ground, the Chatta- 
hoochie, Atlanta, Utoy Creek and Jonesboro, the regiment was in line 
with the Corps, and from May until September of that year, was 
almost constantly under fire. Colonel Fearing continued with his 
regiment during the pursuit of Hood and the March to the Sea. 
During the entire campaign he permitted no detail of discipline to be 
violated or omitted, and inspections and parades were constantly 
observed. General Baird, in his official report of this campaign, 
spoke of him as "an officer of surpassing merit," and recommended 
him for promotion to the rank of Brigadier-General. The recommend- 
ation was warmly indorsed by General Jefferson C. Davis, com- 
manding the Fourteenth Corps ; and Secretary Stanton, while at Sa- 
vannah (Deeember 16th, 1864), issued to him a commission as Brevet 
Brigadier-General "for gallant and meritorious service during the long 
campaign from Chattanooga to Savannah." As soon as commissioned, 
he was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Second Division, 
Fourteenth Corps, known as "Colonel Dan Cook's Brigade." With 
it he participated in the campaign in the Carolinas, and proved his 
capacity to command. At Bentonsville, N. C, the advance Division 
of the Fourteenth Corps (Carlin's) met a Brigade of Cavalry, which 
made an obstinate resistance, but was finally driven back. 

Soon after they ran against an infantry parapet defended by the 
same veteran soldiers, Svhose very faces had become familiar in the 
daily meetings of the summer before. The enemy suddenly charged, 
capturing a battery, and driving Carlin's left back in confusion. 
General Davis, the corps commander, ordered General Fearing 
to face to the left, attack the enemy, and " check him at any cost." 

In Mcmoriam. 209 

The brigade moved at a double-quick, struck the enemy in the flank, 
and drove him from the field. But in so doing it thrust its own 
right flank into the line of Hoke's division of rebel troops. General 
Fearing changed the front of his brigade to meet Hoke's attack, 
and, though half encircled by the enemy, its flanks bent in till the 
line was like a horseshoe, the brigade backed out, covering its re- 
treat with a steady fire, and took its place in the line. In the mean- 
time the battle had been won. In the fierce fight with Hoke, Gen- 
eral Fearing's horse was shot, and he was himself wounded in the 
right hand. On foot he sought his corps commander, reported the 
action, condition and position of his brigade, and received the com- 
mendation, "well done." 

His wound proved a serious one, necessitating the amputation of 
the thumb and forefinger of his right hand, lie was sent home from 
Goldsboro, and mustered Out of service May 19, 1865. Thus, in the 
full line of duty, closed his military career. 

From a biographical sketch of General Fearing by E. C. 
Dawes, I take the following: "Few men were more severely tried 
during the war than General Fearing. None stood the test more 
successfully. He served with five differeut commands in four differ- 
ent departments. It could almost be said of him that he came to 
each command without a friend, and left it without an enemy. 
Those who served under him at first often resented .the strict dis- 
cipline he invariably enforced. But they soon saw that he rendered 
the same implicit obedience to orders that he exacted ; that he was as 
neat in his own appearance as he compelled them to be in theirs ; 
that he was as reckless of his own life as he was careful of the lives 
committed to his charge. He had a quick eye for topography, an ex- 
cellent memory of localities, names and faces, and a genuine love for 
the service, which kept him constantly at work to improve himself. 
He always underrated his own abilities; always put forth his best 
efforts to accomplish whatever he was directed to do, and therefore al- 
ways succeeded to the entire satisfaction of his superiors." 

After being mustered out of the service, he was offered a com- 
mission in the regular army, but his old wish for a successful busi- 

210 Army of the Cumberland. 

ness career having returned, lie became a member of the manufacturing 
firm of Blymyer, Day & Co., of Mansfield, and Blymyer, Norton 
& Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, and for two years traveled through the 
South and West in the interest of this firm. In 1877, his health be- 
gan to fail. While walking to his place of business one day, he slip- 
ped and fell. His Chickamanga wound, which he supposed had long 
since entirely healed, reopened, and, by the advice of his physicians, 
he quit business and retired to his old home at Harmar. His health 
improving, he offered his services free to the trustees of Marietta Col- 
lege as instructor in military tactics, and the offer was accepted. Early 
in 1880, he took an active part in trying to secure the nomination 
of Hon. John Sherman for President. After the convention he re- 
turned to I^irmar disgusted with politics, and his health soon began 
to fail again. 

On the 8th of February, 1881, he was stricken with paralysis, af- 
fecting his left side. He rallied quickly, but fully realized that he was 
walking in the shadow of death. On the 4th of August he received 
a second stroke, which rendered him speechless and helpless. Every 
thing that tender hands and loving hearts could do was done, but all 
in vain. He lingered with little change till the year was nearly done, 
and on the 9th of December he died as bravely and nobly as he lived. 
Perhaps as fitting a close to this short sketch would be an extract 
from a letter to Mrs. Sarah E. Norton, a sister of General Fear- 
ing, from General W. T. Sherman, upon learning of his death. 
General Sherman says: "I have had many occasions in public and 
in private to manifest my love for him ; for all his military career fell 
under my personal supervision. At Paducah I noticed his youthful 
appearance for a major ; the flash of his eye betokening what we then 
so much needed — courage guided by intellect; at Shiloh, amidst 
storm and tempest, the resolute bearing of a man ready to die if need 
be, but preferring to avoid death by heroic action ; and after, when I 
wanted an intricate movement made, and his lieutenant-colonel con- 
fessed ignorance, he modestly told told me to my faee that he under- 
stood my meaning and purpose — and he did it. 

" As the war developed in magnitude and purpose, Fearing rose 

Ill Memoriarrh. 211 

step by step, naturally and gradually, till, as brigade commander, he 
charged at Bentonsville, receiving a disabling -wound ; but, not claim- 
ing rest or exemption, he went on manfully to the very end, till he had 
the right to exclaim, Glory Hallelujah ! 

"lam seventeen years older than he, and by all the rules of 
equity should have preceded him to the tomb; but it is so ordained 
that I am to testify to the merits of the young who gave life and health 
for their country, that future generations might live in peace and 
plenty in this our own land of inheritance. Accept from me the as- 
surance of profound respect for the memory of your brother; and if 
father and mother, and brothers and sisters, still remain, tell them ail 
that one remains to testify to the heroism, the patriotism, and the 
fidelity of the boy-major of Hildebrand's regiment, in the days 
when such heroes were necessary to vindicate the manhood of Amer- 


Mussey. — Born in Hanover, New Hampshire, September 30th, 1818, died 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, August 1st, 1882. 

Dr. Mussey was the third child, and third son, of Dr. Reuben 
Dimond Mussey, son of Dr. John Mussey, of Pelham, New Hamp- 
shire, and of Hitty Osgood Mussey, daughter of Dr. Joseph Os- 
good Mussey, of Salem, Massachusetts. Dr. Mussey's ancestors 
had been dwellers in New England for nearly two hundred years; his 
father's lineage being Huguenot and his mother's Puritan. He was a 
warm-hearted, conscientious, and dutiful boy; but in no wise a preco- 
cious one. Though born and bred in a college town, where his father 
not only practiced but taught medicine and surgery, William was 
the only one of six brothers who reached manhood to forego collegiate 
training. His inherited aptitudes, which made him in his prime au 
ornament to the profession of his father and grandfathers, were of 
slow, perhaps retarded, growth. On this account, and by reason of his 

212 Army of the Cinnherland. 

infirm health, it was judged hest for him to be fitted for a business life. 
Accordingly, at the close of his school days, which had been passed in 
Hanover, and at Phillips' Andover Academy, while still a youth, 
William Mussey entered a general store in Franccstown, N. H. Later 
lie served as a clerk in Nashua, N. H., and in Boston, Mass. In 1842 
he began business on his own account, as a dry goods merchant, in Cin- 
cinnati, whither his father had repaired, in 1838, to assume the duties 
of Professor of Surgery in the Medical College of Ohio. 

He was a man of ingrained veracity and implacable honesty ; en- 
dowed with a keen moral sense, and given to sturdy adherence to his 
convictions, he was somewhat irascible in temper, though of a sympa- 
thetic and helpful disposition withal. It is scarcely surprising that 
the business ventures of such a man, in such a town as Cincinnati was 
forty years ago, should result disastrously. A bitter personal disap- 
pointment, conditioned on his loss of merchandise, followed his finan- 
cial failure and determined him in an entire change of life. Forsaken 
of fortune, and fortune-loving friends, he gave over bargaining and 
the pursuit of gain, and ever after devoted himself to the healing art. 
At the age of twenty-seven he entered as a student of medicine 
the office of his father, who was then at the heighth of his fame as a 
surgeon, and in the plentitude of his powers as a teacher. After three 
years of zealous studentship, he was graduated Doctor of Medicine in 
1848, at the Medical College of Ohio, in Cincinnati. Then followed 
three years of practice, in which he was associated with his father, 
after which Dr. Mussfy visited Paris, at that time the medical cen- 
ter of the world. 

For nearly two years he remained in Paris, devoting himself mainly 
to the study of surgery under the clinical teachings of Roux, Velpeau 
and Nelaton, though he was also a pupil of Kicord, Trosseau and 
Claude Bernard. Many of his fellow-students in Paris have since be- * 
come distinguished in the annals of American medicine. Among them 
may be mentioned Professor Christopher Johnston, of Baltimore ; 
Dr. Haoner, of Washington ; Professor J. P. Reynolds, of Boston, 
and Professors Williams, Murphy and Comegys, of Cincinnati. 
Dn. Mussfy was at one time President of the American Medical So- 



In Memoriam. 


ciety of Paris. On bis return to America, early in 1^53, he resumed 
practice in Cincinnati, where he remained till the breaking out of the 
War of the Rebellion; growing steadily meanwhile in influence as a 
citizen and in reputation as a surgeon. In 1855 he was appointed 
Surgeon of St. John's Hotel for Invalids. During this period he was 
for several years associated with his friend, Dr. William Clendenin. 

In May, 1857, Dr. Mussey was married to Caroline Web- 
ster, daughter of Dr. Haney Lindsly, of Washington, D. C. 
Two children were born to them; Emmeline Lindsly, born May 
5, 1859, who died June 24, 1860, and William Lindsly, now a 
student in the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. Mrs. Mus- 
sey survives her husband and resides in Washington. 

The Cincinnati in which Dr. Mussey began the practice of medi- 
cine was a border town, to which fugitive slaves frequently resorted. 
Many of its denizens were content to receive orders from beyond the 
river for their wares not only, but also as regards their sympathies and 
speech. It was inevitable that a man of Dr. Mussey's training and 
temper, in whom w T as no shadow of subserviency, should sympathize 
with the slave and side against the master. He hated slavery. He 
never lacked the courage of his convictions, and was a consistent, out- 
spoken and active friend of the blackmail at the time when it cost 
much to be suspected of such friendship. The records of "the under- 
ground railway" show that Dr. Mussey's influence, his money and 
his professional skill, were ever at the service of the fugitive slave. 

Dr. Mussey did not fail to recognize the significance of the events 
that crowded so thickly on each other in the early months of 1861 ; and 
was too shrewd to believe the words of Mr. Seward's sly saying, that 
they portended a struggle of only sixty days' duration. On April 19, 
1861, the very day that the Massachusetts Sixth Regiment was mobbed 
in Baltimore, Dr. Mussey wrote to Salmon P. Chase for leave to fit 
up the deserted Marine Hospital of Cincinnati, "for the use of such 
as may require its benefits in the event, of a conflict in tins community 
with the traitors." Ten days later Secretary Chase granted the re- 
quest, on condition that in fitting up the hospital "for temporary pur- 
poses," and holding it " in readiness for possible contingencies," no ex- 

214 Army of the Cumberland. 

pensc should be incurrred on the part of the Government. Bucked by 
the credit and assistance of a few influential men and women whom 
his zeal had infected, Dr. Mussey gave bonds for the safe return of 
the Government property, and organized on the basis of voluntary 
subscriptions and gratuitous service one of the first, if not the first, 
volunteer hospitals of the war. Later the Cincinnati Branch of the 
United States Sanitary Commission was organized at his office, his aid 
and counsel having been solicited by the parent organization. The Mil- 
tary Hospital, of which Dr. Mussey remained the Medical Director 
until he entered the service of the Government, was at once recog- 
nized as an efficient institution for the care of soldiers taken sick on 
their way to the front. The first sick man was received May 2(>th, and 
by July 6th, sixty-three soldiers had been cared for within its wards. 
Within three months from the time of its organization the United 
States assumed the charge and maintenance of the hospital. 

Dr. Mussey then offered to serve the Government as a medical 
officer, without pay, during the continuance of the war. The forms 
of the AVar Department did not provide for services of such a nature, 
and his offer was declined. But, on October 10, 1861, he was ap- 
pointed Brigade Surgeon of Volunteers. He was assigned to duty under 
under General O. M. Mitchell, in the general hospital at Cincin- 
nati, where he served until December of that year, when he was or- 
dered to report to General D. C. Buell, in command of the De- 
partment of the Ohio. By Dr. Murray, the Medical Director of that 
army, Dr. Mussey was assigned as Medical Director to the Fourth 
Division, commanded by General Nelson. "Dr. Mussey," says 
another, "was not the Surgeon General Nelson had applied for 
and expected. So, on reporting, he was received with rudeness and 
profanity. The Doctor replied that he had reported under orders 
from General Buell, who was the commander of both himself and 
General Nelson. Nelson, still grumbling and swearing, Dr. 
Mussey said : ' General, I have reported to you under orders. Do 
you decline to receive me in obedience to those orders?' Nelson's 
bullying ceased at once, and from that time on Nelson was always 
respectful to him. Nelson's troops were raw, and Dr. Mussey was 

Iii Memoriam. 215 

full of work in teaching them the elementary rules of military hy- 
giene. In this labor he more than once reproved ignorant and care- 
less commanding officers, for their neglect of their men, with a firm- 
ness which admitted of no evasion and a temperance of language 
which permitted of no severity of reply." 

In February, 1862, he was transferred to the Sixth Division of 
Buell's army, commanded by General T. J. Wood. He served 
with this division in the Shiloh and Corinth campaign, and remained 
its Medical Director till June, 1862. 

It would be a work of supererogation to remind any one at all fa- 
miliar with the history of the Army of the Cumberland of the honorable 
and brilliant record of " Wilder' s Brigade" or of the character and 
worth of its old commander, General J. T. Wilder, now of Chat- 
tanooga, Tennessee. The following extract from a letter of General 
Wilder's to the writer may serve to indicate certain characteristics 
of Dr. MusSEY as a man and as a medical officer: "No one knew 
Dr. Wm. H. Mussey better than I did in the winter of 1861-2. He 
was Medical Director of Nelson's Division at Camp Wickliffe, Ky., 
a sickly and badly located camp of instruction and drill for a portion 
of Buell's army. Most of the men were raw recruits; the hospitals 
were overcrowded ; the 'funeral march' was being played in almost 
all hours of daylight. My regiment, the Seventeenth Indiana, hav- 
ing been through the campaign of '61 in West Virginia, was looked 
upon as being veterans, and w 7 ere constantly on duty drilling and 
scouting. I was taken down, while on a scout, and lay, seven miles 
from camp, very ill; when one night, at eleven o'clock, Dr. Mussey 
came into my room, through the wind and rain of a sleety January 
thaw, and carefully and Idiully examined me. ' You are pretty sick/ 
lie said ; ' I must look after you myself I had gastritis, accompanied 
by camp diarrhoea, complicated by severe pneumonia, the Doctor said. 
All that night the Doctor watched me ; at daylight he left to look 
alter the hospitals. He came to my side every night, through the 
mud, rain and sleet, tireless and sleepless, for three successive nights, 
until he effected a change in my case and saved my life. When I 
was strong enough to talk, I asked him why he did not send an assist- 

6 Army of the Cumberland. 

ant, rather than wear himself out by such constant, extra duty, that 
was not required of him. His-auswer was: 'Earnest men are scarce 
in this army. Your life is worth saving at the expense of mine, if 
need be. You can not be spared. I can.' He believed I meant to 
do all my capacity rendered me capable of. His patriotic, unselfish 
character is thoroughly disclosed in his reply to my question. Firm, 
self-reliant, capable, kind, just to all, energetic in his duty, con- 
scientious to a fault, he was the beA man I ever knew. To do his duty 
as he saw it was his highest aim. 

"After my recovery to health, I handed him §500 as pay for his 
great services to me. He instantly repelled it, and said severely : 
' Your life was not worth saving if you believed me capable of taking- 
pay for doing my duty.' I assured him that the service was entirely 
out of the line of his duty, and that the money offered was only in- 
tended as a recognition of his overwork in my case. He looked me 
straight in the eye as he said : ' No man can do more than die for his 
country. Every honest soldier proposes to do that in the line of his 
duty. Keep your money for your children ; they may need it yet.' 
His work in the hospitals saved the life of many a good man. He 
kept everybody up to their work, and did triple duty himself. I had 
gained his confidence and friendship by keeping my camp and men 
clean. The only claim I had to his esteem was that I tried to do my 
duty. He had no patience witli insincerity. He was the most ' terri- 
bly in earnest man' I saw in the service during the war. 1 loved him 
as a brother. I mourn him as a patriot." 

The appointment of Dr. Mussey to the personal staff of Gen- 
eral Halleck, then in command of the Western armies, was at one 
time contemplated ; but, the Corps of Medical Inspectors having been 
organized on June 14th, 1862, Du. Mussey was appointed a Medical 
Inspector in the United States army, with the rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel. In that capacity he served under General J. G. Foster in 
the Department of North Carolina, and also in the Department of the 
South under General Q. A. Gilmore, until July, 1803. For a time 
lie was on duty in Washington, and after the battle of Gettysburg 
had charge of a depot of 14,000 wounded men at Baltimore. Af[er 

In Memoriam. 217 

further service as Medical Inspector in the Department of West Vir- 
ginia, under General B. F. Kelley, his health being enfeebled as 
the result of exposure, hard work, and the effects of an overdose of 
morphine, taken by mistake for quinine, he resigned his commission in 
December, 1863, and his resignation went into effect January 1st, 1804. 

As a medical officer, Dr. Mussey was noted fur his promptitude; 
for li is tireless energy and wise forethought in careing for the troops; 
for his fearless but respectful strictures on commanding officers, if 
through ignorance or carelessness they jeopardized the health of their 
men; for his merciless and incorruptible zeal in detecting and disgrac- 
ing shirks and peculators, and for his strenuous and successful en- 
deavors .to protect the lives and limbs of the wounded from the slash- 
ing surgery of undiscriminating wielders of cutting instruments who 
were, in the exigencies of the war, sometimes let loose in the hospitals 
and on the field. 

On leaving the army, Dr. Mussey returned to his home in Cin- 
cinnati, and resumed the practice of his profession. From this time 
on he devoted himself more and more especially to the practice of 
surgery, and won for himself wide recognition as a careful, indefatig- 
able, conscientious and successful surgeon. On April 15, 1864, he 
was elected one of the Surgeons of the Cincinnati Hospital.' In the 
same year he was chosen a Vice-President of the American Medical 
Association. In 18G5, he was called to the chair of Operative and 
Chemical Surgery in the Miami Medical College — a position which he 
continued to hold until his death. In 1872, the trustees of the Cin- 
cinnati Hospital passed a rule excluding professors in medical col- 
leges from the medical staff of the Hospital. Rather than sever his 
connection with the Miami College, which his father had, after his 
resignation from the Medical College of Ohio, done so much to found, 
Dr. Mussey gave up his position at the Hospital. Three years later 
the trustees receded from their policy of exclusion and reappointed 
Dr. Mussey a surgeon of the Cincinnati Hospital. He continued to 
serve in that capacity until he died. In 1809, Dartmouth College 
conferred upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. In 1870, 
Governor R. B. Hayes appointed him Surgeon-General of the State 


Army of the Cumberland. 

of Ohio, with the rank of Brigadier-General ; and in 1878, he was 
designated by President Hayes as one of the Yellow Fever Com- 
mission of Experts, in which capacity, however, he declined to serve. 

Despite the many cares arising from his position as a practitioner, 
and from his connection with the College and the Hospital, Dr. Mussey 
ever maintained a lively interest in the religious, educational and civic, 
affairs of his city. Though a member of the Congregationalist Com- 
munion, he was for many years a ruling Elder of the Second Presby- 
terian Church of Cincinnati. The Cincinnati Society of Natural His- 
tory counted him amongst its most zealous members. He was a liberal 
donor to its collections, and was chiefly instrumental in rescuing the 
Shotwell Collection of Comparative Anatomy and securing it for the 
Society. In 1870, the Society made Dr. Mussey its President, For 
three years he belonged to the Board of Education, of which he was 
President during 1879-80, the last year of his term of service. For 
three years he was an active and influential member of the Board of 
Managers of the Public Library of Cincinnati. In politics Dr. Mus- 
sey was an ardent Republican, and was a member of the Lincoln 
Club. . 

In professional, in church, and in civic matters alike, Dr. Mus- 
sey was wont not only to labor in support of those whose course com- 
mended itself to his judgment or whose cause appealed to his sympa- 
thy, but also to confront and withstand to the bitter end those who 
seemed to hinr workers of mischief or champions of evil. Accord- 
ingly, and on account of his direct, outspoken and decisive ways, he 
came to be recognized as a dangerous opponent and valuable ally. 
Though genial and friendly in social intercourse, he belonged to a class 
of men said to be on the decrease in American society. He was not 
of the too-good-natured sort, who are impotent and speechless in the 
presence of hotel clerks and the army of ill-mannered and overbear- 
ing. He was everywhere jealous of his individual rights and of the 
rights of others, and was quick to resent their infringement. Inso- 
lence or braggadocio, or an attempt to overreach, was certain to call 
forth sharp rebuke or indignant protest, especially if the slight or in- 
dignity were offered to the weak or inexperienced. 

Iii Memoriam. 210 

Dr. Mussey acted on his belief that medicine was a profession, 
not a trade. He scorned tbe arts of puffery and finesse; and detested 
tbe mercenary doctor above all men, including even the pettifoggers 
who foment malpractice suits and the drivelings who proselytize for 
quacks. He was keenly alive to the responsibilities of medical men, 
whose sovereignty in their own sphere he considered indefeasible. He 
never took laymen, or lay women or "old nurses," into partnership. 
While he shrank from no responsibility, having assumed charge of a 
case, he insisted on exercising his own judgment; unless he were over- 
ruled by professional men in whom he had confidence. He was scru- 
pulous in according due courtesy to his professional brethren, and was 
correspondingly strenuous in demanding it for himself. His courtesy • 

was the irradiation of a warm and manly heart, not a conventional 
garment. He was considerate of his younger brethren, and ever 
ready to encourage and assist them. Though old in experience, he 
was youthful in spirit. Given to weighing new opinions and open to \ 

new ideas, he took genuine pleasure in the skill and success of worthy 
young men. 

Dr. Mussey was endeared to his patients, by reason of his 
ready humor, his unflagging and infectious cheerfulness, his quick 
sympathies, and his kindly, single-hearted devotion to their needs. 
He was prompt to respond to the calls of the poor and rich alike: 
" No one who needs my services as a surgeon," he used to say, "shall 
go without them because he can not pay for them." He belonged to 
that class of surgeons with whom the interests of the patient are par- 
amount; who, in operating, do not seek to win applause for displays 
of manual dexterity; who think an operation quickly enough per- 
formed when it is well done; whose interest in a case increases, not 
ceases, with the completion of an operation. 

Dr. Mussey was not a voluminous writer or a fluent talker. He 
was eminently practical in his -jast of mind; and his criticism of 
methods and results was of more value than his exposition of doc- 
trines and theories. Accordingly he was at his best in his clinical teach- 
ings. His spoken and written utterances were characterized by force, 
directness and practical sagacity. They embodied the results of his 

220 Army of the Cumberland. 

own observations and experience, and were seldom hampered with 
erudite citations. The list of his articles, published in medical jour- 
nals, in the course of thirty-two years, aside from his contributions to 
the Western Lancet and Medical Observer, of whose surgical depart- 
ment he was, for several years, the editor, embraces something more 
than thirty titles. 

Dr. Mussey cherished, with a singularly fervent and filial ven- 
eration, his father's name and fame, and every memorial of his deeds 
and words. As his patrimony he received the medical library, the 
collections of instruments, and the anatomical and pathological mu- 
seum of the elder Mussey. His "treasure chest" was tilled with his 
father's letters and papers, and nothing else. It was a source of pride 
and gratification to him to have succeeded his father as surgeon in 
the hospital, as professor of surgery in the college, and as elder 
in the Second Church. He made extensive and valuable additions 
to the various collections which he had inherited. His instruments, 
and the Mussey Pathological Museum, which was for years de- 
posited in the Miami College, he left to his son. Some years since 
he gave to the Public Library of Cincinnati the collection of books 
known as the Mussey Scientific and Medical Library, which num- 
bered, at the time of his death, 5,840 volumes, and 3,582 pamphlets. 

One of his most eminent colleagues, who had known him inti- 
mately since his student days, has written thus of his friend: "The 
professional, literary and social work, achieved by Dli. Mussey 
during thirty years was remarkable, and his shining example has 
been the admiration and inspiration of thousands. His beautiful 
simplicity of character, and his benevolence, displayed in so many 
tender ways, and for so many laborious years, lent luster to his 
name. How many poor, sorrowing hearts, to whom he said 'be of 
good cheer,' will cherish' his memory! Honesty and directness were * 
the distinguishing features of his life. His tender sympathies and 
unsuspecting nature made him sometimes the victim of imposition. 

"Conscientious carefulness was the rule of his life, both private 
and professional. He was thoroughly devoted to his patients; and 
his careful after treatment was as much the secret of his success in 

Iii Memoriam. 221 

surgery as his accuracy of diagnosis and skillful use of the knife. 
His interest in the young men whom he instructed did not cease with 
the end of the lecture term; but he kept their addresses, corresponded 
with many of them, filed and numbered their examination papers, 
and kept himself informed of their successes or failures in life. In- 
deed, many professional men remember his kind interest and counsel, 
and attribute much of their success to his generous encouragement. 

"His cheerful devotion to his afflicted wife for so many suffering 
years, and his utter forgetfulness of himself in all the tender ties 
that bound the family so sweetly together, will never be forgotten by 
those who knew him intimately. He belonged to the faithful few 
that help to leaven the heavy lump of selfish humanity in the world, 
and save it from hopeless meanness. He was an earnest and sincere 
Christian, and carried the spirit of his Master with every department 
of his busy life. He was too busy to get ready to die. He was 
always ready to live the only life worth living, in which death is but 
an episode; not the end, but the true beginning." 

During the last four years of his life, Dr. Mussey suffered much 
from an inherited affection of a gouty nature. At times he was nearly 
incapacitated for his much loved work, and was obliged to take rest 
and submit to treatment. In the spring of 1881 he spent several 
weeks at the Hot Springs of Arkansas. Last April, on his return 
from a second sojourn at the Hot Springs, he seemed greatly im- 
proved, and resumed work with his accustomed ardor. He was inter- 
ested and active in the affairs of his church and college, and busily 
engaged with plans for enhancing the usefulness of the Mussey Li- 
brary and the Mussey Museum. As one of the trustees of the estate 
of Dr. II. D. Mussey, he had given much time and thought to plan- 
ning a monument to be erected in Spring Grove Cemetery on his 
father's grave, and very shortly before his fatal illness he gave his ap- 
proval to the final details of the sculptor's model. He planned no 
monument for himself. He had no thought of dying. He had es- 
caped death narrowly so many times, that he expected to go finally as 
in a twinkling and by accident ; but in his very last days he declared 
to one and another that he was "still good for ten years of work." 

222 Army of Hi e Cumberland. 

Dr. Mussey spent most of the forenoon of Monday, July 31st, 
at the Cincinnati Hospital, where he operated upon a private patieut 
and completed his arrangements for beginning on the morrow his reg- 
ular term of surgical service in the public wards. Both at the hos- 
pital and later his office, where he was engaged for some hours with 
his patients, he seemed to be in his usual health. Suddenly, late in 
the afternoon, he was stricken with apoplexy while ministering to a 
patient. Darkness veiled his eyes ; speechlessness fell upon him ; and 
he passed into a state of unconsciousness, from which he never roused. 
For a night and a day his disease gained ground, till one after another 
the centers of his life were stormed. His spirit was absolved from clay, 
and the brave, tender, unselfish man was not. 

He passed away, and immediately it was manifest that he had 
won a better memorial than the monument of enduring bronze and 
granite which he had planned to rear above his parent's grave. His 
death brought grief to many and widely different circles. Young and 
old, high and low, black and white, Jew and Gentile, thronged to- 
gether and were united in sorrow before his bier — not a few mourned 
him as their " best friend." His body lies buried near kindred dust, 
and the ways that knew him so well shall know him no more hence- 
forth ; but his memory lives enshrined in the hearts of those whom he 
had befriended, helped and comforted in time of need. 

What matters it that the earthly life of Dr. Mussey fell short by 
more than twenty in the tale of years meted out to his fathers? He 
had walked humbly, as before his God; he had done battle for his 
country ; he had deserved well of his city ; he had won the esteem of 
his guild-brethren ; he was loved by his kindred and by many more; 
and, in the midst of his usefulness, when it was yet day with him, 
while doing his duty, he was summoned to his reward. 

This is the happy warrior ; this is he 

Whom every man in arms should wish to be 1 

In Memoriam. 223 


Collins. — Died at "Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, July 11, 1881, Henry E. 
Collins, late Lieutenant- Colonel Second Kentucky Cavalry. 

Colonel H. E. Collins, the son of Henry and Margaret 
Collins, was born near New Castle, Ireland, in the year 1832, and 
was the youngest of seven children. His parents emigrated to Cin- 
cinnati with him, when he was about five years of age, and he always 
felt that Cincinnati was his home. He was educated partly at the 
public schools and at old Woodward College, then under the direction 
of Dr. Ray. When about fifteen or sixteen years of age, he went to 
St. Paul, Minnesota, and engaged in the commission business with 
Mr. Bass, a prominent citizen of that place. He remained there ) 

about live or six years, when, on a visit to his relatives at Cincinnati, 
was persuaded by them not to return to St. Paul, but to go into busi- 
ness in Cincinnati, and he accordingly bought out his brother-in-law's 
interest in the retail boot and shoe store then located on Pearl street, 
near Syacamore. 

In 1858 he sold out his store and entered into the commission 

business in Cincinnati. In the same year he was married to Miss 


Mary F. Coffin, then residing in Newport, Kentucky. By this 
marriage two sons and one daughter survive. The oldest son gradu- 
ated at West Point Military Academy last June, and is now stationed 
at his post in Texas. When President Lincoln called for 75,000 
men, Colonel Colltns was among the first to respond, and raised a 
company under Colonel Rousseau, of which he was chosen Captain." 
Kentucky wishing to be neutral, he was not allowed to camp in the 
State; so the regiment, after being organized under Colonel Rous- 
seau, had to camp opposite Louisville at a place called Cam}) Joe 
Holt. But the citizens of Louisville hearing of Buckner's advance 
on that city, his regiment was ordered out to protect the city, and 
from that time until almost the close of the war his regiment, the 

%2Jj, Army of the Cumberland. 

Second Kentucky Cavalry, was in constant service, being in sixty- 
three engagements during the war. lie was persevering, energetic; 
always lending a helping hand; unselfish, kind-hearted and true; 
never shirking his duty, but always trying to make others happy; a 
devoted husband, a kind father and a true friend. He died very sud- 
denly at his home on Walnut Hills, July 11, 1881. He came home 
from his business not feeling well ; but thinking he would not feel any 
worse, took his little son with him in his buggy, intending going to 
Longview Asylum to attend a meeting, and while on the road was 
prostrated by the heat, and was brought home in an unconscious con- 
dition and died a few hours afterward. His remains were quietly laid 
to rest in the beautiful cemetery at Spring Grove. Thus has passed 
away one of the noblest of men, and his place can not easily be tilled. 


Stukgks. — Born in Mansfield, Richland county, Ohio, August 19, 1840, 
and died in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 22, 1882. 

Thus he was taken away in the very prime of manhood. His 
native place having been his home during all his life of forty-two 
years, can not be expected to furnish many incidents to iill up a mem- 
oir, without going into details of little general interest. 

His life may be divided into: 1. His childhood at home; 2. The 
youth at school ; 3. The soldier on the field ; 4. The man of business 
after the war ; 5. His illness. 

1. His Childhood at Home. — Major Sturges was the second son 
of Edward Sturges, Esq., a leading and very successful business » 
man. Though born to wealth, his parents had the good judgment 
and persevering energy to train up their children "in the way they 
should go;" that is, in habits of morality, industry and economy. 
AVhile they were subject to all proper restraint, it was the unwearied 
effort of a watchful mother to see that home should furnish amuse- 


In Memorimn. 225 

ments at least as attractive as the streets. Eben, it would seem, 
scarcely needed discipline; for among a family of nine children, who 
have not failed to honor their parents in their subsequent lives, he was 
called one of his mother's good boys. Instead of running in the 
streets as some do, he was under careful culture at home. It, does not 
appear that he had any wild oats to sow nor any bad habits to correct. 

2. As a Youth at School. — Mr. Sturges showed the good effects of 
his careful and judicious home training. Though there is no direct 
testimony at hand from fclloAV-stu dents to show the degree of attain- 
ment and manner in winch he sustained himself while a student of 
Kenyon College, yet there is the satisfactory testimonial that nothing 
appears against him. He came home with a clean record, and his cor- 
respondence afterward with fellow-students shows a very high regard 
for him. This memorial, ere it closes, will show that his intellect was 
of a high order and his mental culture such as to do honor to his own 
industry and to the institution of which he had been a member. As 
we have no speeches nor essays from which to form an estimate of his 
intellectual capacity, and none of his letters arc at hand, there is but 
a slender opportunity to form an estimate. It was his habit only to 
speak or write when the occasion required, and when he did so every 
word was to the point. 

3. As a Soldier. — Mr. Sturges received his commission as Sec- 
ond Lieutenant of Battery B, First Regiment of Ohio Light Artillery, 
in October, 1861, and that of First Lieutenant of Battery M in 
March, 1803. He served gallantly in the battle of Mill Spring in 
Kentucky, the battles of Shiloh, of Murfreesboro, of Perry villc, Tul- 
Jahoma, Chattanooga and Mi.ssion Bidge. From there, in the hundred 
days fight all the way to Atlanta, he was on General Beannon's 
staff. From Atlanta, he was assigned to General Thomas's com- 
mand, and returned by way of Franklin and Nashville, in which ter- 
rible conflicts he participated, and won the highest regard of his fellow- 
officers and the esteem of all. LIEUTENANT Sturgks remained in the 
service till the close of the Avar, and received the well deserved tribute 
of the brevet rank of Major. During his four years in the army, he 
kept a daily record of events that occurred with which he was more or 

226 Army of the Cumberland. 

less connected. Parts of this diary are still preserved. An extract 
from it may be of some general interest as connected with the history 
of a great battle, and of special interest to his friends, as a more vivid 
picture of Major Sturges than this pen is able to draw. 

Diary. — December 29, 1862. To-day rose early and prepared to 
march. Our progress was slow, as our advance had to clear the road 
occasionally of the enemy's rear-guard. Every once in a while the 
latter would send a round shot spinning along the road. At night we 
encamped in an open field, two and a half miles from Murfreesboro. 
The other troops encamped on 'either side along the road and in the 
heavy cedar groves all around us. Commenced to sleep in the open 
air; but it having begun to rain, put up a tent and slept comfortably. 
December 30, 1862. About daylight we took the battery through 
a grove of cedars, on and along a road, and came into battery to the 
right. The ground on which we posted the guns was very rocky 
and covered with cedars. Our skirmishers were advanced a few hun- 
dred yards in front of us, and kept up a brisk fire with those of the 
enemy. A ball from the latter would at times whistle by us. Our 
artillery on our left about a quarter of a mile, opened on the enemy in 
front about nine o'clock and were replied to. Artillery opened on our 
right and kept up all day. Our brigade was on an angle formed by 
the junction of our right and left lines. Late in the afternoon our 
battery was ordered to the vertex of this angle. Here we came into 
action, and, with the batteries on our right, poured a concentrated fire 
into the enemy's skirmishers and into his camp, as was supposed. 
Their sharpshooters endeavored to pick us off. One fired a shot, evi- 
dently intended for me, into the breast of a wheel-horse of my left 
piece. The jugular vein being cut, he bled to death very soon. A few 
shells sent right into their pits, sent these sharpshooters skedaddling. 
Darkness coming on we Ceased firing, having sent them about thirty 
rounds per piece. Occupied our old camping ground. 

December 31, 1862. In the morning first went to the position 
which we had yesterday morning. Soon changed to the spot whence 
we had fired last evening. Heard heavy fighting on our right. 
Opened our guns to shell the woods in front of us. We were on the 

Iii Memoriam. 227 

edge of a cedar grove, the trees of which would once in a while be 
shattered by the enemy's artillery. They seemed to be driving us on 
the right. I was ordered by Lieutenant Wright, of Cruft's staff, 
to take my section around to the left of the angle upon which we were 
fighting. Found hot fighting going on there. TJnlimbered and ran 
my pieces down, almost to the line of infantry, by hand. The enemy 
were about three hundred yards distant on a ridge, under cover of corn- 
fields and bushes. Gave them for about half or three-quarters of an 
hour shrapnel and Schenck shell. By that time the action was very 
hot, and I advanced the pieces a few rods and changed shrapnel for 
canister. By this time also their batteries had answered, and rattled 
the projectiles of all kinds through the cedars around us. Sam. Earl, 
my rifled piece's gunner, put his shells right into their battery. The 
canister I could not see the effects of, for the smoke and cover. Our 
right seemed to be being driven. We saw the enemy being reinforced 
by solid columns of infantry, proudly bearing the stars and bars. I 
directed my fire at the latter, and they went down. The ammunition 
for my rifled piece was all gone, and I sent it to the rear. My smooth- 
bore I had previously ordered into a new position, in order to get 
them out of a shower of canister that was cutting them. They them- 
selves had fired twenty rounds of canister. All this time the right of 
our line had been driven, and we were in a sort of horseshoe ; and as 
our reserves had gone to help the right, we had to retire before the 
largely superior forces of the rebels. I found my smooth-bore with 
but man by it. The rest, however, were near. I rallied them and 
helped them to limber up and sent them out. A careless driver (a 
new man) ran the pole up against a tree and broke it. We ran the 
piece back by hand and started it again. I followed upon foot. Early 
in the engagement I gave my horse to a spy whom I knew with Xeo 
ley, who was sitting by a tree holding another horse. During the 
heat of the action he was lost. I lingered some to look back. Our 
infantry were beginning to rally, and at length retired from the woods 
in good order. Old Kosey was here on the ground, and I heard him 
say something to encourage the men and add: "We're meeting 
them." I saw him several times afterward on the field, giving direc- 

228 Army of the Cumberland. 

tions and encouragement. Our line fell back in the center about half 
a mile. I found the battery on a hill about one-quarter of a mile 
from the advance line. We were ordered to form in battery here. While 
doing it Sergeant Thompson was badly wounded by a spent over shot — 
James solid shot. It grazed his spine. After once changing front, S. B. 
Ruple, of my smooth-bore detachment, was badly wounded in the 
neck by a ball, I think, from spherical case. He has since died. We 
remained here till night, when we encamped in a hollow a few rods 
distant. The loss to-day foots up as follows : Detachment No. 3 — 
Sergeant Wolf killed by his own piece; John Elliott wounded 
and missing, afterward found dead. No. 4 — Jack McLaughlin 
wounded and missing ; Sawtell grazed by a musket ball on the head. 
No. 5 (my rified-piece) — Hayes grazed by canister on the head. 
No. (3 (my smooth-bore) — Brougii wounded in the leg by canister ; 
Ben. Searles wounded in leg by canister; French wounded in arm 
by canister, the Doctor says by musket ball ; Rupee wounded in neck 
by shrapnel. I lost in my section two horses. After we had had a 
little coffee, I went to the hospital. Found Thompson asleep ; Brougii 
French, Kuple, Siiankland (the latter was wounded in No. 2) were, 
as well as could be under the circumstances. About ten o'clock took 
tha caissons to the ammunition train to fill the chests. About twelve 
went to bed without my blankets, wagon having taken them off some- 

This, it must be remembered, was written when he was a little past 
twenty-two years of age, but a boy as it were, just out of college, and 
only a little over a year in the service ; yet here is evidence of the cool- 
ness and courage of a veteran, and of the clearness of thought, precision 
of language, freedom from verbiage and liveliness of description, that 
distinguished Lieutenant Sturges as possessed of unusual abilities. 
Then, the thought and care bestowed upon his men, the minute atten-* 
tion given to the manner in which they were wounded, and the 
severity of their wounds, and accounting no less minutely for his 
horses, shows the exactness, the kindness and the diligence, with which 
he performed all his duties. The writer of this memoir can neither 

In Mcmoriam . ST 9 

find nor hear of any tiling during his four years service that is not fully 
up to this standard of military duty. 

4. Major Sturgis as a citizen. — After the close of the war Mr. 
StukgES engaged in business in the purchase of cotton at the South. 
This not proving successful, he engaged with his father, in the whole- 
sale grocery business, in Mansfield. In this business he continued 
until the death of his father, in the fall of 1878, in the settlement 
of whose estate his whole time and attention were then absorbed as 
long as his failing health permitted. 

A leading characteristic of his life was industry, not from any 
thing like an avaricious disposition, but because he loved to be use- 
fully employed. It was his habit. So closely indeed did he confine 
himself to business that it probably shortened his life. Strict fru- 
gality and economy were habits of life with him equally with indus- 
try. Without bordering on penuriousness, he never encouraged use- 
less expenditures of money or time; but was generous and liberal 
toward every good word and work. Having been his pastor for more 
than ten years, the writer had a good opportunity to know much of 
his inner life. He never left a kindness uurecpiited, nor a petition for 
a worthy object unanswered. He was so severely conscientious, that 
he did not dare become a communicant of the church, although his 
whole life would have done honor to such a profession. But he was 
no less diligent and attentive to the worship of God, and no less ready 
to do his part than if he had been a member. The conscience of no 
little child was ever more tender, and yet no one was ever more fear- 
less to rebuke an insult. 

Though modest and retiring, there was no lack of genuine and 
courtly hospitality. 

It is remarked, by those who knew him well, that he was very 
deliberate in making up his mind, but, when made up, he was unal- 
terably fixed. This reveals the grounds of his moral stamina. He 
could say no, though he was more accustomed to act it than to say it. 
His sense of justice was exceedingly acute, and it mattered not whether 
it was for or against himself, it must prevail. 

The native sirength of a man's character is most clearly evinced 

230 Army of the Cumberland. 

by the force and variety of the temptations to which he is exposed. 
When it is considered how many of Major Sturges's early associates 
were ruined by the vices which he escaped ; also the besetments that 
must have assailed him during four years of terrible war; that when he 
enlisted he was but a boy, just past his majority; and that, under these 
circumstances, he sustained an unblemished character: he is at once 
exalted, in our estimation, to the eminence of a moral hero. 

On the 6th of June, 1871, Major Sturges was united, in mar- 
riage, with Miss Kate R. McKenzie, a lady with whom he had long 
been acquainted, and who was, in every respect, admirably suited to 
him. Her bright, genial face, and cheerful voice, were well adapted 
to rouse up the spirits of one worn down with the cares of business. 
Their well-appointed and well-kept home lingers, in the writer's mem- 
ery, as a miniature paradise. Three little ones, two sons and a daugh- 
ter, were the life and joy of that delightful household. 

5. We come, now, to the closing period of his life. 

While faithfully attending to his duties as the elder of the admin- 
istrators of his father's estate, caring for his household, and for the 
moral and religious culture of his children, first his wife's health 
failed. Benefit was expected from a sojourn in Florida. It soon 
after appeared that a southern clime was as needful for him, and ar- 
rangements were made for the whole family to remove; but, on the 
day which had been set for their departure, his noble, genial, and 
patient wife breathed her last. She was buried in the Mansfield Cem- 
etery, February 24, 1881. Thus, after ten years of wedded life, Mr. 
Sturges was now left, in feeble health, with three little children. 
After making, for their »care, all possible arrangements, he went to 
Florida, and there remained for some months. In the summer of 
1881, he returned to Mansfield, with some hopes that by spending the 
winters south his health might be regained. With this in view he 
moved to Florida, with his family, the next fall. ' During the winter 
his health gradually failed until his decease, May 22, 1882. He was 
buried in the Mansfield Cemetery just fifteen mouths later than his 
wife. Sad as their great loss is, it is some mitigation to know that the 
orphan children are tenderly cared for by loving friends. 

In Memoriam. 231 

These few notes will show that our deceased comrade was a dutiful 
child, an unsullied and studious youth, had a clear and discriminating 
mind, was an honest and honorable business man, an industrious and 
public-spirited citizen, a well-tried soldier of distinguished bravery, a 
kind husband and a tender parent. He leaves behind a cherished 
memory and an untarnished name. 


Barrell. — At Springfield, Illinois, on May 19, 1877, died Henry Condit 
Barrkll, Into Surgeon of the Thirty-eighth Regiment of Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, aged 36 years. 

Dr. Barbell was born September 11, 1841, in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. His father, Captain George Barrell, was a sea captain. 
His mother's maiden name was Ann Douglas. 

Soon after his birth his parents removed to Brooklyn, New York, 
where he continued to live until he was about fourteen years of age. 

The family then removed to Springfield, Illinois. Here his early 
education was completed, and soon after he entered the office of Dr. 
R. S. Lord, and commenced the study of medicine. He afterward 
graduated at the Rush Medical College of Chicago in 1861. 

At the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion he entered the army, 
being at first with the Seventh Regiment of Illinois Infantry. In 
August, 18G1, he was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the Twenty- 
seventh Regiment, and was afterward promoted to be Surgeon of the 
Thirty-eighth Regiment Illinois Infantry. Subsequently, he was made 
Medical Purveyor upon the Staff of General Thomas, and at the 
close of the war he was Medical Director of the Military Department 
of Texas. 

Shortly after leaving the army, he went to New York city to per- 
fect himself further in his chosen profession, and in due time grad- 
uated from Bellevue Hospital Medical College with high honors. 

Army of the Cumberland. 

Returning to Springfield, he formed a partnership with Dr. II. S. 

Lord, his former preceptor, with whom he continued until about a 

year before his death. Dr. Barrell was never married. He left 

surviving him his parents, three sisters and two brothers. 

His death was very sudden and was probably caused by. embolism. 
In the midst of a large concourse of sorrowing friends, his remains 
were laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery, within the shadow of the 
martyr-President's tomb. 

Though comparatively young, he had attained a position second 
to none among the physicians and surgeons in the city of Springfield, 
and was rapidly obtaining a more than local reputation. 

He was an earnest, enthusiastic student, a skillful surgeon and a 
warm-hearted, generous friend. 

His comrades remember him with feelings of the warmest affec- 
tion and the most sincere regret at his untimely decease. 


IIkrron. — Died, in Washington, D. C.,on Sunday, April 9th, 1882, Joseph 
Hkruon, aged 43 years, 8 months and 2 days. 

Joseph Herron was born near New Cumberland, Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio, where his youth was spent, mainly on a farm. His 
parents were of Scotch-Irish extraction, and his father died when Jo- 
seph was quite young. AVhile yet in his teens, the care of his wid- 
owed mother was left solely to his charge, and no mother was ever 
cared for with more filial devotion or more tender solicitude. 

When the War of the Rebellion broke out, he was living near 
Carrollton, Ohio. On the organization of the Ninety-eighth Regiment 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, at Steubenville, Ohio, in August, 1802, he 
enlisted as a private in Company "II" of that Regiment, with the 
loyal object of serving his country in her time of need. About one 
week after he entered the service, he participated with his regiment in 
a battle near Richmond, Kentucky, and also in a number of skir- 

In Memoriam. 233 

mishes between that and the battle of Perryville, in the same State. 
His active military service ended with the battle of Perryville, Ken- 
tucky, October 8, 1862, in which the Ninety-eighth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry took a conspicuous part and met with fearful loss in killed 
and wounded. In the evening, near the close of the battle, he was 
wounded by a ball, which entered his chest on the left side between 
the first and second ribs, passed downward and to the right through 
his lungs and out on the right of the spinal column, near the lower 
angle of the right shoulder-blade. After being wounded, as was sup- 
posed mortally, he lay near where he fell for three days and nights, 
attended by two comrades, but without medical attendance or shelter. 
He was then taken to a field hospital, and from there to a hospital in 
Louisville, Kentucky, where, on account of the extremely grave 
character of his wound, he received very careful medical attendance 
by Dr. Israel A. Coons, the Surgeon in charge, and his assistants. 
On the 1st day of January, 1863, he was discharged from the 
army, and returned to his home, which but four months previous he 
had left with a strong physical organization and in the full vigor of 
health. At this time, and for many months after, he was not able to 
walk or even to stand erect; but in about one year his condition was 
so much improved, that for a time he engaged in school teaching. In 
1865, he was tendered and accepted a position in the Quartermaster's 
Department in Washington, D. C, which he held until 1866, in which 
year he was appointed to a position of responsibility and trust in the 
Smithsonian Institution, which he held up to the time of his death. 
By person, if not by name, he is recollected by thousands of visitors 
to the Institution, as the kind and courteous young man having charge 
of the Museum, who, for sixteen years from 1866, in the quietest and 
most polite manner possible, did so much to make their visits pleasant 
and profitable. In this position he soon gained the confidence and 
strong friendship of Professor Joseph Henry, which was steadfast 
and never interrupted. He also had long possessed the friendship of 
General Garfield and family, and when the remains of the Presi- 
dent lay in state in the United States Capitol, Mr. Herron was se- 
lected as one of the " Guards of Honor," which was the last duty he 

Army of the Cumberland. 

was ever able to perform, as he was not able to resume his charge in 
the Smithsonian after his return from attending the funeral of the 
President in Cleveland, Ohio. 

From the serious nature of his wound, involving, as it did, so 
much of the lungs, it was evident, from the first, that he could never 
fully recover ; and it was only on account of his previous perfect health 
and his strong physical organization, neither of which had ever been 
abused, together with his happy, evenly tempered and resolute will, 
that he so long survived it. From the time of receiving the wound 
until his death he was never free from suffering, but he never mur- 
mured nor expressed a regret for having entered the service of his 
country. Two days before his death, he was asked if he did not re- 
gret having done so, as it had caused him so much suffering and de- 
stroyed his prospects of a long and useful life. He replied that he 
did not, and that he would do so again if he were well and his coun- 
try required his services, even if he knew he would have to endure the 
same suffering. 

He was unmarried. As a boy he was noted for his lively, genial 
disposition, honesty of character, self-possession and fearless courage, 
qualities which he maintained throughout his life. These character- 
istics were so plainly impressed upon his countenance, that he quickly 
gained the confidence and respect of good people, and made friends 
wherever he went. He possessed many ennobling qualities of mind 
and graces of heart; was faithful in the discharge of his duties, public 
and private ; was a man of honest convictions, and had the courage to 
express himself as he thought in his heart: but always had a due re- 
gard for the feelings and opinions of others. He was naturally pious 
and a firm believer in the religion of Ciikist. 

In all his intercourse with his fellow-men he was pleasant and 
agreeable, and ever maintained the character of ah upright, honorable 
gentleman — one who could never be swerved from what he believed to 
be right and just. 

Those in distress, especially if it were women or children who 
were suffering, elicited his strongest sympathies, and lie was ever 
ready to extend a helping hand to those in need. One of his leading 

In Memoriam. 235 

characteristics was his love of children, and they invariably loved and 
trusted him. 

His remains were taken to Carrollton, Ohio, and interred in the 
cemetery there, and in his grave there is laid to rest one who possessed 
as patriotic, loyal, kind and generous a heart, as ever throbbed in the 
breast of a man. 




^®s oif i sgi mmsnY 




mm ®f rag ©DuafgiHiMia 




The BacUe. 237 



Badge of the Army of the Cumberland 


Headquarters Department of the Cumberland, 

Nashville, Tenu., June 19, 1865. ■ 
General Orders, 

No. 41. 

At a meeting of the officers and enlisted men of the Army of 
the Cumberland, serving in this vicinity, held at the Headquarters 
of the Artillery Command of the Fourth Army Corps, on Satur- 
day, June 10th iust., for the purpose of considering the propriety 
of adopting a badge to signalize and perpetuate the history of the 
Army of the Cumberland, it was unanimously agreed to adopt such 
a badge, and the following officers were appointed a committee to 
report a design for the same: 

Brevet Brigadier-General J. L. Donaldson, Chief Quarter- 
Master, Department of the Cumberland ; 

Brevet Brigadier-General E. Opdycke, Commanding Brigade, 
Fourth Corps; 

Brevet Colonel W. H. Greenwood, Assistant Inspector Gen- | 
eral, Fourth Corps ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel W. L. Foulke, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry; 

Captain R. H. Litson, Twenty-second Indiana Volunteer In- 

238 Army of the Cumberland. 

On motion the following preamble and resolutions were then 
adopted : 

Whereas, Many of the soldiers of the Army of the Cumber- 
land are about to abandon the profession of arms, and again mingle 
in the peaceful pursuits of home — 

Resolved, That, in parting with each other, we do so with 
mingled feelings or sorrow, sadness and pride ; sorrow, because 
friends, bound together by ties formed on many battle-fields, must 
part ; sadness, at turning our backs upon the thousands of fresh-made 
graves of our brave comrades ; and pride, because it has been our 
good fortune to be numbered among the members of the Army of 
Vie Cumberland, and have each done his part in proving to the 
world that republics have the ability to maintain and perpetuate 

Resolved, That in parting, we do, as we have many times done 
in the face of the enemy, renew our pledges of unending fidelity 
to each other; and that, in whatever position in life we may hap- 
pen to be, we will never permit our affections to be estranged from 
those who continue to fight our battles, but that we will sustain, 
and defend them at all times and in all proper places. 

Resolved, that the following named persons, and none others, 
are authorized to wear the badge of the Army of the Cumber- 
land : 

I. All soldiers of that army now in service and in good 

II. All soldiers who formerly belonged to that army, and have 
received honorable discharges from the same. 

Resoltfd, That any soldier of the Army of the Cumberland, 
who is now entitled to wear the badge of the army, who may 
hereafter be dishonorably dismissed the service, shall by such dis- 
charge forfeit the right to wear such badga. 

The Badge. 239 

Resolved, That we exhort all members of the Army of the 
Cumberland to discountenance any attempt on the part of any un- 
authorized persons to arrogate to themselves honor to which they 
are not entitled, by wearing our badge. 

The Badge Committee then invited all to send in designs, and 
announced that the Committee would be open to receive until 
9 a. M., Wednesday, Junes 14th. 

The badge described in the accompanying specifications hav- 
ing, since that date, been selected by the Committee, the same is 
adopted, and is hereby announced as the badge of the Army of tfie 

By Command of Major-General Thomas. 


Brigadier-General and Assistant Adjutant-General. 

2JfO Army of the Cumberland. 



1. Star — Five-pointed. Suspended, point upward. Frosted, gold 

or silver, with polished edge one twenty-fourth of an inch 
wide. Points of star blunt or very slightly rounded. Ra- 
dius of circle of outer points, nine-tenths of an inch; of 
inner points, four and a half tenths of an inch. 

2. Triangle — In center of Star, point upward. Frosted, gold or 

silver, with polished edge one twenty-fourth of an inch 
wide, elevated above Star one thirty-second of an inch, or 
engraved, if wearer chooses. Triangle of such size as to 
leave space around it in frosted part of the Star. 

3. Acorn — In center of Triangle. Polished, gold or silver, with 

frosted cap and polished stem, in alto relievo, or engraved. 
Acorn of such size as to leave space around it in frosted 
part of Triangle. Enameled natural color, if the wearer 

4. Ribbon — Silk — Red, White, and Blue — three-quarters of an 

inch wide, one and one-fourth inches long. 

5. Pin — Concave, oval, five-tenths of an inch long, two and a half 

tenths of an inch wide. Frosted, gold or silver, with pol- 
ished edge raised. Laurel wreath surrounding oval, which 
is supported at both sides by pillars. Oval to be one-six- 
teenth of an inch above wreath, with "Army of the Cumber- 
land" engraved therein. Entire oval between pillars, seven * 
and a half tenths of an inch long. 

Constitution and By-Laws 



of the 


Constitution. $48^ 



The name and title of this association shall be the "Society of 
the Army of the Cumberland," and said Society shall include 
every officer and soldier who has at auy time served with honor in 
that army. 

Honorary members may be elected from those officers who have 
become distinguished in any of the armies of the United States. 


The object of the Society shall be to perpetuate the memory of 
the fortunes and achievements of the Army of the Cumberland ; to pre- 
serve that unanimity of loyal sentiment and that kind and cordial 
feeling which has been an eminent characteristic of this army, aiid the 
main element of the power and success of its efforts in behalf of the 
cause of the Union. The history and glory of the officers and soldiers 
belonging to this army, who have fallen either on the field of battle or 
otherwise in the line of their duty, shall be a permanent and sacred 
trust to this Society, and every effort shall be made to collect and pre- 
serve the proper memorials of their services, to inscribe their names 
upon the roll of honor, and transmit their fame to posterity. It shall 
also be the object and bounden duty of this Society to relieve, as far * 
as possible, the families of such deceased officers and soldiers, when 
in indigent circumstances, either by the voluntary contribution of 
the members, or in such other manner as they may determine, when 
the cases are brought to their attention. This provision shall also 
hereafter apply to the suffering families of those members of the So-, 

244 Army of the Cumberland. 

ciety who may, in the future, be called hence, and the welfare of the 
soldier's widow and orphan shall forever be a holy trust in the hands 
of his surviving comrades. 


For the purpose of effecting these objects, the Society shall be or- 
ganized by the annual election of a President and a Vice-President 
from each State having soldiers in the Army of the Cumberland (to be 
nominated by members from the several States), a Corresponding Sec- 
retary, a Recording Secretary and a Treasurer. 

The Society shall meet once in every year ; the time and place of 
the next meeting to be selected by ballot at each meeting. All mem- 
bers of the Society who are prevented by any cause from personally 
attending are expected to notify the Corresponding Secretary, and to 
impart such information in regard to themselves as they may think 
proper, and as may be of interest to their brethren of the Society. 

Having a fraternal feeliug for and houoring the glorious efforts of 
our brothers in arms belonging to other armies, who have shared witli 
us the service of saving our Government, the President and either of 
the Vice-Presidents, shall be authorized to invite the attendance of any 
officer of the United States armies at any of our annual meetings. 

By-Laws. %Jf5 


I. All meetings of this Society shall be opened by prayer to 
Almighty God by a former chaplain of the army, or by a minister of 
the gospel, to be selected for the occasion by the President of the 

II. Every officer and soldier desiring to become a member of 
this Society shall, upon signing the Constitution, pay to the Treasurer 
the sum of five dollars as an initiation fee, and thereafter the like sum 
of five dollars per annum, as yearly dues ; and shall thereupon be en- 
titled to a copy of the proceedings of the Society, when published, 
free of charge. 

III. Any member who shall be in arrears for dues for a period 
of two years shall have his name dropped from the rolls. 

IV. All moneys paid out by the Treasurer shall be upon the 
written order of the Recording Secretary, approved by the written 
consent of the President; and at each annual meeting of the Society, 
the Treasurer shall make a full report of his receipts and disburse- 

V. When the place of the next annual meeting of this Society 
shall be decided upon, the President shall appoint an Executive Com- ^ 
mittee of three (3) members, resident at such place or contiguous 
thereto, whose duty it shall be to make all needful preparations and 
arrangements for such meeting. 

VI. That prior to the final adjournment of the Society, at such 
annual meeting thereof, the President shall appoint a committee of 


Army of the Cumberland. 

three members, residents of the city in which such meeting shall be, 
and not officers of the Society, as a committee on bills and claims, 
and to such committee all claims against the Society, of whatever 
character, should be referred for investigation and allowance before 
being paid. 

VII. No member of the Society shall speak more than once on 
any question of business, and no longer than five minutes, without the 
consent of the Society first obtained. 

VIII. At each annual meeting there shall be selected, in such 
manner as the Society shall determine, from the members of the So- 
ciety, a person to deliver an address upon the history of the Army of 
the Cumberland, and the objects of the Society, at the next annual 

IX. Curfiing's Manual of Parliamentary Law shall be authority 
for the government and regulation of all meetings of this Society. 

List of Members. 247 



Adae, Carl A, G., Captain 4th Ohio Cav., Cincinnati, O. 

Adams, C. C, Lieutenant 14th Ohio Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Adams, H. S., Lieutenant 10th Ohio Cav., London, (). 

Adney, W, PL G., Lieut-Colonel 36th Ohio Vet. Inf., Washing- 
ton, Pa. 

Albertson, Wiftiam, Captain 22d Michigan Inf., Pontiac, Mich. 

Alcorn, W. W., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Alexander, J. W., Surgeon 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Cannonsburg, Pa. 

Alger, A. B., Captain 22d Ohio Battery, Mansfield, O. 

Allen, William, Sergeant-Major 3d Kentucky Inf., Columbus, O. 

Allenson, George, Captain 24th Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Anderson, Benjamin, 113th Ohio Inf., Taylor's Station, O. 

Anderson, David M., Assistant Surgeon 12th U. S. C. T., Fiuley- 
yille, Pa. 

Anderson, N. L., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 

Anderson, Joseph, Captain 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Anderson, J. S., Captain 0th Michigan Battery, Adrian, Mich. 

Arnold, Isaac N., Sergeant 60th Ohio Vet. Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Ashbrook, A. P., Lieutenant 17th Ohio Inf., Somerset, O. 

Askew, Frank, Colonel 15th Ohio Inf., Brevet Brigadier-General U. 
S. V., Kansas City, Mo. 

Atkins, Smith D., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Freeport, 111. 

Austin, D. R., Lieutenant 100th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Avery, John G., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Ayres, J. II., Surgeon 34th. Ohio Inf., Urbana, O. 

248 ' Army of the Cumberland. 

Babbitt, Henry S., Captain, A. D. C. II. S. V., Columbus, O. 

Baker, Horace L., Hospital Steward U. S. A., Toledo, O. 

Balding, Theodore E., Captain 24th Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Baldwin, A. P., Captain 6th Ohio Light Battery, Akron, O. 

Ballock, George W., Brevet Brigadier-General, C. S. U. S. V., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Banning, H. B., Brevet Major-General U. S. V.* 

Bannister, D., Brevet Colonel, Paymaster, U. S. V., Ottumwa, Iowa, 

Barber, G. M., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

Barber, R. P., Sergeant 80th Ohio Inf., Mt. Repose, Clermont Co., O. 

Barker, W. W., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, C. S. U. S. V., Pittsburgh, Pa, 

Barnett, James, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

Barnum, II. A., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., New York City, 

Barrell, Henry C, Surgeon 38th Illinois Inf.* 

Bartholomew, W. II., Major 34th Inf. U. S. A. 

Bassford, Stephen A., Colonel 94th Ohio Inf., New York City, 

Bates, Caleb, Major, A. D. C U. S, Y., Cincinnati, O. 

Beatty, John, Brigadier-General U. S. Y., Columbus, (). 

Beatty, Samuel, Brevet Major-General U. S. Y., Massillon, O. 

Belding, E. B., Captain Battery E. 1st Ohio Art., Adrian, Mich, 

Benedict. D. D., Surgeon 17th Ohio Inf., Norwalk, O. 

Benton, C. PL, Quartermaster 1st Wisconsin Inf., Fondulac, Wis, 

Bestow, Marcus P., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. Y., New York 

Betts, Charles M., Lieut.-Colouel 15th Pennsylvania Cay., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

Bickham, William D., Major, A. D. C. U. S. V., Dayton, O. 

Biese, Charles AV., Lieutenant 82d Illinois Inf., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Bigelow, H. W., Captain 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Bingham, George B., Colonel 1st Wisconsin Inf.; Milwaukee, Wis. • 

Bird, Ira II., Lieutenant, Quartermaster 2d Ohio Inf.* 

Black, Harrison, Captain 21st Illinois Inf., Martinsville, 111. 

Blackmail, Wilmon W., First Sergeant 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 


BJf8 ' Army of the Cumberland. 

Babbitt, Henry S., Captain, A. I). C. II. S. V., Columbus, O. 

Baker, Horace L., Hospital Steward U. S. A., Toledo, O. 

Balding, Theodore E., Captain 24th "Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Baldwin, A. P., Captain 6th Ohio Light Battery, Akron, O. 

Ballock, George W., Brevet Brigadier-General, C. S. U. S. V., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Banning, H. B., Brevet Major-General U. S. V.* 

Bannister, D., Brevet Colonel, Paymaster, U. S, V., Ottumwa, Iowa, 

Barber, G. M., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

Barber, Ii. P., Sergeant 89th Ohio Inf., Mt. Repose, Clermont Co., O. 

Barker, W. W., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, C. S. U. S. V., Pittsburgh, Pa, 

Barnett, James, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

Barnum, II. A., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., New York City, 

Barrell, Henry C, Surgeon 38th Illinois Inf.' 1 ' 

Bartholomew, W. II., Major 34th Inf. U. S. A. 

Bassford, Stephen A., Colonel 94th Ohio Inf., New York City, 

Bates, Caleb, Major, A. D. 0. U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Beatty, John, Brigadier-General U. S. Y., Columbus, (). 

Beatty, Samuel, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Massillon, O. 

Belding, E. B., Captain Battery E. 1st Ohio Art., Adrian, Mich, 

Bcuediet. 1). D., Surgeon 17th Ohio Inf., Norwalk, O. 

Benton, C. H., Quartermaster 1st Wisconsin Inf., Fondulac, Wis. 

Bestow, Marcus P., Brevet Colonel, A. iY. G. U. S. V., New York 

Betts, Charles M., Lieut.-Colonel 15th Pennsylvania Cay., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

Bickham, William I)., Major, A. D. C. U. S. V., Dayton, 0. 

Biese, Charles W., Lieutenant 82d Illinois Inf., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Bigelow, II. W., Captain 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Bingham, George B., Colonel 1st Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. ■ 

Bird, Ira II., Lieutenant, Quartermaster 2d Ohio Inf.* 

Black, Harrison, Captain 21st Illinois Inf., Martinsville, 111. 

Blackmail, Wilmon W., First Sergeant loth Pennsylvania Cav., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 


List of Members. 


Blackmer, Collins, Brevet Captain U. S. A., Lafayette, Ind. 
Blackstone, J., Jr., Captain 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Blakeley, Archibald, Lieut. -Colouel 78th ' Pennsylvania Inf., Pitts- 

burgh, Pa. 

Blair, George E., Captain 17th Ohio Inf., Lancaster, O. 
Blasland, Edward B., Major 33d Massachusetts Inf., Boston, Mass. 
Boe, Wm., Sergeant 30th New York Independent Battery, Plainfield, 

N. J. 
Bogue, Roswell G., Surgeon 19th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Boltz, Fred F. , Captain 88th Indiana Inf., Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Bond, Frank L., Major, A. D. C. U. S. V., Union Club, New York 

Bone, James H., Captain 35th Ohio Inf., Huntsville, Ala. 
Boone, Thomas C, Colonel 115th Ohio Inf., Salem, O. 
Boughton, Horace, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Washington, 

I). C. 
Boyd, J. M., Colonel 19th Ohio Inf.* 

Boydson, Nelson N., Major 30th Indiana Inf., Warsaw, Ind. 
Boyer, Harry, 13th Ohio Inf., Circleville, O. 
Boynton, H. V., Brevet Brigadier-General II. S. V., Washington, 

P. C. 
Bradley, L. P., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A. 
Brailey, M. R, Lieut.-Colonel 111th Ohio Inf., Delta, O. 
Brand, C. 11., Lieutenant 9th Michigan Inf., Detroit, Mich. 
Brannan, John M., Brevet Major-Geueral U. S. A., Marietta, Ga. 
Brewster, L. E., Captain 21st Ohio Inf., Bryan, (). 
Briant, C. E., Colonel 88th Indiana Inf., Huntington, Ind. 
Bridges, Lyman, Brevet Colonel IT. S. V., Chicago, 111. 
Bridgland, J. A., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V,, Havre, France. 
Bright, W. II., Brevet Major 22d Wisconsin Inf., Utica, N. Y. 
Bristow, Benjamin II., Colonel 8th Kentucky Cav., New York City. 
Bromley, J. D., Surgeon U. S. V., Newark, N. J. 
Brouson, John P., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, (). 
Brooke, Hunter, Brevet Lieut.-Colonel U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 


$50 Army of the Cumberland 

Brookfield, E. V., Brevet Major, C. S. U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Brown, Calvin C, Private 3d Iowa Cav., Toledo, O. 

Brown, Calvin W., Lieutenant 2d Kentucky Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Brown, D. D. S., Major, Paymaster U. S. V., Rochester, N. Y. 

Brown, John, Private Battery C, U. S. C. T., Toledo, O. 

Brown, Lucius, Private 18th Inf. U. S. A., Toledo, O. 

Brown, Theo. F., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Chicago, 111, 

Brown, William B., Captain 174th Ohio Inf., Washington, D, C. 

Brutton, C. PI., Captain 6th Ohio Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Buckingham, E., Captain 115th Ohio Inf., Akron, O. 

Bullock, George W., Captain 18th Michigan Inf., Hilsdale, Mich., 

Bunts, William C, Captain 125th Ohio Inf.* 

Burke, J. W., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Mobile, Ala. 

Burnett, H. L., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., New York City, 

Burns, Robert, Lieut.-Colonel 4th Michigan Cav., Kalamazoo, Mich, 

Burr, Frank A., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel U. S. V., Pottsville, Pa. 

Burrill, John G., Lieutenant 14th Indiana Inf., Washington, J). C T 

Burroughs, George, Brevet Major U. S. A.* 

Burst, T. W., Captain 105th Illinois Inf., Sycamore, 111. 

Burt, A., 3d Ohio Inf., Cardington, O. 

Burton, Henry H., Captain, Signal Officer, Washington, D. C. 

Butterfield, Daniel, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., New York City. 

Byrd, R., K. , Colonel 1st Tennessee Inf., Emory Gap, Tenn. 

Cable, C. A., Captain 18th Ohio Inf., Nelsonville, O. 
Campbell, J. A., Brevet Brigadier-General, A- A. G. U. 8. Y-* 
Campbell, J. Q. A., Lieutenant 5th Ohio Cav., Bellefnntainp, O. 
Candy, li. R., Private 38th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O, 
Canfield, Geo. S., Captain 21st Ohio Inf., Toledo, O t 
Carliu, David B., Lieutenant 18th Ohio Inf., Chattanooga, Tenn. * 
Carrington, Julius M., Lieutenant 10th Michigan Inf., Cleveland, O. 
Carter, G. W., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel 84th Indiana. Inf., Winchester, 

Case, C. R., Captain 36th Indiana Inf., Signal Officer, * 

iiii7i- l I ■ 

List of Members. 251 

Case, H. B., Colonel 84th Ohio Inf., Chattanooga, Tenn.. 

Cassill, A., Lieut. -Colonel 65th Ohio Inf., Mt. Vernon, O. 

Chalfant, David, Captain 51st Ohio Inf.* 

Chamberlain, H. 8., Captain, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Chattanooga, 

Chandler, W. P. Lieut.-Colonel 35th Illinois Inf., Boise City, Idaho. 
Cliapin, Horace, Captain 27th Illinois Inf., Springfield, 111. 
Chapman, Justin, II., Captain 5th Connecticut Inf., National Military 

Home, O. 
Charlton, Thomas J., Lieutenant 22d Indiana Inf., Plainfield, Ind. 
Chase, J. A. Lieut.-Colonel 182 Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Chesney, S. P., Private 105th Ohio Inf., Paiuesville, O. 
Christy, P. C, Chaplain 78th Pennsylvania Inf.* 
Church, L. B., Captain U. S. V., Turner's Junction, 111. 
Cist, Henry M., Brevet Brigadier-General, A. A. G. U. S. V., Cincin- I 

nati, O. r 

Clark, Charles T., Captain 125th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 
Clarkson, John E., Private 96th Illinois Inf., Waukegan, 111. 
Clem, John L., Captain, A. Q. M. U. S. A. 
Glendenin, Frank, Major 147th Illinois Inf., Morrison, 111. 
Coburn, John, Brigadier-General U. S. V., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Cochnower, J. PL, Lieutenant 74th Ohio Inf., Louisville, Ky. 
Cochran. R. H., Lieutenant, Judge Advocate, Norwalk, O. 
Coder, N. W., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Coe, E. S., Lieut.-Colonel 124th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 
Coffin bury, W. L., Captain 1st Michigan Engineers, Grand Rapids 

Colburn, W. J., Brevet Major, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Chattanooga, 

Cole, A. S., Brevet Major U. S. V., Nebraska City, Neb. 
Collins, H. E., Lieut.-Colonel 2d Kentucky Caw* 
Collins, William A., Captain 10th Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Conger, E. II., Captain 102d Illinois Inf., l)es Moins, Iowa. 
Conovcr John, Colonel 8th Kansas Inf., Leavenworth, Kas. 

* Deceased. 

Army of the Cumberland. 

Conrad, Joseph, Colonel U. S. A., Carlisle, Pa. 

Coon, John, Major, Paymaster, IT. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

Corbin, Henry C, Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, U. S. A., Newport, Ky. 

Cowin, W. C, Captain 1st Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Cox, C. B., Major 84th Illinois Inf., Vermont, III. 

Cox, J. 1)., Major-General U. 8. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Cozine, John S., Serjeant 10th Kentucky Inf., Lawrenceville, Ky. 

Crane, Alex. B., Lieut.-Colonel 85th Indiana Inf., New York City. 

Crane, Wm. E., Captain 4th Ohio Cav., Cincinnati, O. 

Crats, J. D., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Cravath, E. M., Chaplain 101st Ohio Inf., Fisk University, Nashville, 

Crawford, George S., Captain 49th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Crittenden, T. T., Brigadier-General U. 8. V., Washington, D. C. 
Crooks, Lewis, Captain 51st Ohio Inf., Newark, O. 
Croxton, John T., Brevet Major-General U. 8. V.* 
Cruft, Charles, Brevet Major-General U. 8. V., Terre Haute, Ind. 
Crumpton, P. D., 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Culver, Jonathan, Lieutenant 31st Ohio Inf», Kingston Center, O. 
Cnmmings, H. PL, Captain 105th Ohio Inf., Tidioute, Pa. 
Curry, Otway, Captain 121st Ohio Inf., Richmond, O. 
Curry, W. L., Captain 1st Ohio Cav., Richmond, O. 
Curtis, James, Brevet Major U. S. A.* 

Daish, S. 8., Corporal 21st Ohio Inf., Washington, D. C. 
Davidson, James S., 78th Pennsylvania Inf., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Davis, Charles W., Colonel 51st Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Davis, Hasbrouck, Brevet Brigadier-General U. 8. V.* 
Davis, Jeff. C, Brevet Major-General U. 8. A.* 
Day, D. W. EL, Captain 111th Ohio Iuf., Columbus, O. 
Days, John F., Lieutenant 6th Indiana Inf., Peru, Ind. 
Dean, H. S., Lieut.-Colonel 22d Michigan Inf., Ann Arbor, Mich. 
D^ane, C. H., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, A. Q. M. U. 8. V., Peoria, 111. 
Devol, George EL, Lieutenant 38th Indiana Vet. Inf., New Albany, 

* Deceased. 

List of Members. 


Dickerson, C. J., -Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 

Dickinson, John, Assistant Surgeon 86th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Diniick, D. W., Sergeant 96th Illinois Inf., Apple River, 111. 

Domer, William, 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh. Pa. 

Donaldson, J. C, Captain 38th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

Donaldson, J. L., Brevet Major-General U. S. A., Baltimore, Md. 

Donahue, James, Private, 90th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Doolittle, Charles C, Brigadier-General, Brevet Major-General U. 
8. V., Toledo, O. 

Dornbush, Henry, Captain 1st Ohio Inf., Dayton, O. 

Dorsey, S. W., Captain 1st Ohio Light Art., AVashington, D. C. 

Doty, E. M., Hospital Steward 1st Ohio Cav., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Doughty, W. N., Captain 37th Indiana Inf., Murfrcesboro, Tenn. 

Dowling, P. H., Captain 111th Ohio Inf., Toledo, 0. 

Drouillard, J. P., Captain U. S. A., Cumberland Furnace, Tenn. 

Drury, Lu II., Major 1st Wisconsin Art., Chicago, 111. 

Du Barry, H. B., Brevet Major U, S. Y., Columbus, O. 

Ducat, Arthur C. Brevet Brigadier-General, A. I. G. IL S. V., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Duffield, Henry M., Adjutant 9th Michigan Inf., Detroit, Mich. 

Dun, C. C, Lieutenant 100th Ohio Inf., Perrysburg, O. 

Duval, II. F., Brevet Brigadier-General II. S. V., Kansas City, Mo 

Fames, Oliver E., Lieutenant 19th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Earnshaw, J., Captain U. S. V.* 
Earnshaw, Wm., Chaplain U. S. V., Dayton, O. 
Edgarton, Warren P., Major 1st Ohio Light Art., Cincinnati, O. 
Elliott, W. L., Brevet Major-General U. S. A., San Francisco, Cal. 
Ellis, A. N., Lieutenant 49th Ohio Inf., Hamilton, O. 
Ehvood, James G., Captain 100th Illinois Inf., Joliet, 111. 
Enright, M. J., Private 111th Ohio Inf., Toledo, 111. 
Evans, J. D., Major 39th Indiana Inf.* 
Ewart, J. C, Lieutenant 45th Ohio Inf., Akron, O. 
Ewing, George W., Acting Ord. Sergeant.* 
• Deceased. 

25 Jf Army of the Cumberland. 

Fake, Fred L., Quartermaster 89th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Farnham, George M., Captain 10th Michigan Caw Chicago, 111. 

Fay, Edwin G., Captain, A. D. C. IL S. V., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Fearing, B. I)., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 

Ferguson, Ed., Lieutenant 1st Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fessenden, Francis, Brevet Major-Geueral U. S. A., Portland, Maine. 

Fhelan, Henry, Private 113th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

Fink, Henry, Private 26th Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fisher, H. G., Captain 53d U. S. C. T., Washington, D. C. 

Fisher, J. A., Captain 2d Ohio Inf.* 

Fleming, Rufus E., Brevet Major 2d Indiana Battery, Fargo, Dakota. 

Fletcher, Robert, Brevet Colonel IT. S. V. Washington, D. C. 

Floyd, MahlouH., Captain 75th Indiana Inf., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Foering, John O., Brevet Captain 28th Pennsylvania Inf., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Foley, J. W., Lieutenant 10th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Foote, Allen R., Lieutenant 21st Michigan Inf., New York City. 

Foraker, Joseph B., Brevet Captain 89th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Ford, A. C, Captain 31st Indiana Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Forsythe, James W., Brevet Brigadier-General U.S. A., Chicago, III. 

Fortner, A. J., Captain 8th Indiana Cav., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Foster, George H., Captain 124th Ohio Inf., Cleveland O. 

Fowler, David E., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, C. S. U. S. V.* 

Fox, P. V., Lieut.-Colonel 1st Michigan Engineers, Grand Rapids, 

Frambes, G. A., Lieut.-Colonel 59th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

Frankeberger, J. C. Lieut,-Colonel 188th Inf.* 

Frederick, C. H., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Omaha, Neb. 

Free, John W., Major 31st Ohio Inf., New Lexington, O. 

Friedman, David, Captain 108th Ohio Inf., Austin, Texas. » 

Frillman, H. W., Private 6th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 
Frost, J. C, Lieutenant 18th Ohio Inf., Nelsonville, O. 
Fuller, S. L., Surgeon 24th Illinois Inf., Detriot, Mich. 
Fullerton, J. S. Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. Y., St. Louis, Mo 
;ii Dceeascd. 

List of Members. 250 

Gano, C. L., Lieut. -Colonel 69th Ohio Inf., Gano, Butler Co., O. 

Ganzman, Charles, Sergeant 51st Ohio Inf., Uhrichville, O. 

Gardner, B. F., Lieutenant 125th Inf., Mt. Vernon, O. 

Garfield, J. A., President of the United States.* 

Gary, M. B., Battery C 1st Ohio Light Art., Geneva, O. 

Gentsch, Charles, Captain 51st Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Getman, Jethro M., Lieutenant 42nd Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Gillespie, C. B., Captain 78th Pennsylvania Inf., Freeport, Pa. 

Gist, George W., Captain 17th Kentucky Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Gleason, Newell, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Laporte, Ind. 

Glover, Amos, Captain 15th Ohio Inf., Delaware, O. 

Goddard, Calvin, Lieut-Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V., New York City. 

Goodloe, Greene Clay, Lieutenant 23d Kentucky Inf., Marine Corps, 
Washington, D. C. 

Goodman, II. E., Brevet Colonel, Surgeon U. S. V., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Goodman, Samuel, Brevet Colonel 28th Pennsylvania Inf., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

Goodspeed, W. F., Major 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 

Gorsuch, J. J., Captain 97th Ohio Inf., Zanesville, O. 

Granger, R. S., Brevet Major-General, TJ. S. A. 

Grant, U. S., General U. S. A., Galena, 111. 

Gray, S. F., Lieut. -Colonel 49th Ohio Inf., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Greenwood, W. H., Lieut.-Colonel A. I. G. U. S. V.* 

Grimshaw, James W., Lieutenant 19th Ohio Battery, Cleveland, O. 

Gross, Ferdinand H., Brevet Colonel, Medical Director 14th A. C, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Grosvenor, C. PL, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Athens, O. 

Hafford, J. H., Captain 10th Ohio Cav., Columbus, O. 
Hale, G. W., Captain 101st Ohio Inf., Upper Sandusky, O. 
Hale, J. D., Private 101st Indiana Inf., Geneva, Ind. 
Hale, J. H., Captain 13th Michigan Vet. Inf., Waukon, Iowa. 
Hall, James W., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Jackson, Mich. 
Hallack, Walter F., Private 11th Michigan Inf., Washington, D. C. 
* Deceased. 


£56 Army of the Cumberland* 

Hambright, Henry A., Brevet Colonel U. S. A. 

Ha in brook, Richard S., Lieutenant 1st Wisconsin Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Hamilton, Alfred, Captain 119th New York Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Hamilton, J. K., Captain 113th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Hannan, W., Captain 124th Ohio Inf.* 

Hapeman, Douglass, Colonel 104th Illinois Inf., Ottawa, 111. 

Harconrt, Henry, Captain 3d Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

Harding, A. C, Brigadier-General II. S. V.* 

Harding, R. R. , Captain 17th Illinois Inf., Roekford, 111. 

Hardy, James G. W., Lieutenant 11th Indiana Cav.., Covington, Ind. 

Harman, Daniel, Commissary-Sergeant 18th Michigan Inf., Toledo, O. 

Hannan, P. M., Captain 93d Ohio Inf., Dayton, O. 

Harries, George II., Brevet Lieut. -Col. U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Harris, Fred. II., Col. 13th New York Inf., Newark, N. J. 

Harris, L. A., Colonel 2d Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Harris, W. H., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel Ordinance U. S. A.? Cleveland, O. 

Harrison, Benj., Brevet Brigadier-General IT. S. V., Indianapolis, 

Hart, Samuel S., Captain 13th Wisconsin Inf.* 
Hasse, II. E., Surgeon 24th Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Hatry, A. G., Lieut.-Colonel 183d Ohio Inf., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Haynes, William E., Lieut.-Colonel 10th Ohio Cav., Fremont, O. 
Haywood, Charles, Commissary-Sergeant, 18th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Hazen, W. B M Brevet Major-General U. S. A. 
Hazzard, J. DeV., Brevet Major 79th Pennsylvania Inf., Mononga- 

hela City, Pa., 
Heard, J. Theo., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, Medical Director 4th Army 

Corps, Boston, Mass. 
Hedges, J. S., Captain 4th Cav. U. S. A., Mansfield, O. 
Hcfflebower, Ad. M., Lieutenant 3d Ohio Cav., New York City. * 

Heighway, A. E., Surgeon U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 
Henry, Charles E., Captain 42d Ohio Inf., Geauga Lake, O. 
Hepburn, William P., Lieut.-Colonel 2d Iowa Cav., Clarinda, Iowa. 
Her rick, Charles R., Private 19th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 


List of Members. 25 7 

Herron, Joseph, Private 98th Ohio Inf.* 

Hersh, Paul, Sergeant 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Washington, D. C. 
Hills, Charles F., Lieutenant 51st Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Hinman, F. H., U. S. Navy, Cleveland, O. 
Hinman, W. F., Lieut. -Colonel 65th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 
Hoagland, C. N., Surgeon 71st Ohio Inf., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Hobart, II. C, Brevet Brigadier-General IT. S. V., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Hobbs, A. M., Captain 36th Illinois Inf.* 

Hobson, AY. E., Colonel 13th Kentucky Inf., Bowling Green, Ky. 
Hodges, Henry C, Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. A. 
Hollingsworth, E. AY, Lieut.-Colonel 19th Ohio Inf., Albion, Mich. 
Holmes, J. T., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel 52d Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 
Holter, M. J. AY., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Batavia, O. 
Hooker, Joseph, Major-General U. S. A.* 
Hough, Alfred L., Brevet Colonel U. S. A. 
Houk, L. C, Colonel 3d Tennessee Cav., Knoxville, Tenii. 
Howe, George AY, Lieutenant 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 
Rowland, Levi, Major 1st AA r isconsin Cav., Fort Howard, AVis. 
Ruber, J. F., Brevet Major, C. S. U. S. V.* 
Humphrey, J. II., Colonel 45th Ohio Inf., Delaware, O. 
Hunt, P. B., Lieut.-Colonel 4th Kentucky Cav., Lexington, Ivy. 
Hunter, Robert, Captain 74th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Hussey, J. C, Lieutenant 10th AA r isconsin Inf., Black River Falls, 

Innes, Robert S., Lieutenant 1st Michigan Engineers, ITtica, N. Y. 
Lines, AY. P., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Grand Rapids, 

Irwin, B. J. D., Brevet Colonel, Surgeon U. S. A. 
Isom, John F., Captain 25th Illinois Inf., Cleveland, O, 

Jackson, Huntington AY., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, A. D. C. U. S. V., 

Chicago, Illinois. 
Jackson, J. P., Lieut.-Colonel 23d Kentucky Inf., San Francisco, Cal. 

* Deceased. 

258 Army of the Cumberland. 

Jacobs, J. E., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 
Jaquet, J. AV., Lieutenant 100th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Jarvis, Dwight, Colonel 13th Ohio Inf., Massillon, O. 
Johnson, O. C, Colonel 15th Wisconsin Inf., Beloit, Wis. 
Johnson, W. S., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Jones, C. H., 1st Mississippi Mounted Rifles, Waynesburg, O. 
Jones, Charles H., Lieutenant 97th Ohio Inf., Zanesville, O. 
Jones, Charles II., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Jones, Frank J., Brevet Major, A. D. C. U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 
Jones, H. C, Captain 18th Ohio Inf., Mc Arthur, 0. 
Jones, Patrick H., Brigadier-General U. S. V., New York City. 
Jones, Toland, Colonel 113th Ohio Inf., London, O. 
Jordon, Thomas J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Williams- 
burg, Pa. 

Kahlo, Charles, Lieutenant 38th Ohio Inf., Logansport, Ind. 

Kahlo, Frank, Sergeant 38th Ohio Inf., Delphi, Ind. 

Kaldenbaugh, Henry, Captain 51st Ohio Inf., New Philadelphia, O. 

Karr, Charles W., Captain 2d Kentucky Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Kay, Edward F., Commissary Sergeant 18th U. S. Inf., Detroit, Mich. 

Keifer, J. Warren, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Springfield, O. 

Keller, A. R., Captain, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Lancaster, O. 

Kellogg, S. C, Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, A. D. C. U. S. A. 

Kelly, Henry A., Lieutenant 8th Tennessee Cav., Washington, D. C. 

Kelly, II. M., Colonel 4th Kentucky Inf., Louisville, Ky. 

Kelly, W. I., Surgeon 15th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Kemper, Andrew C, Captain, A. A. G. U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Kennedy, Robert P., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Bellefon- 

taine, O. 
Ketchum, J. R., Surgeon 4th Michigan Cav., Yipsilanti, Mich. 
Kilgour, W. M., Brevet Brigadier-General II. S. V., Sterling, 111. 
Kimball, Nathan, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Salt Lake City 

Kirk, E. B., Captain, A. Q. M. U. S. A. 
Kitchell, Edward, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 
* Deceased. 

List of Members. 250 

Kuiffin, G. C, Lieut. -Colonel and C. S. U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 

Knight, Geo. A., Captain 188th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Knight, T. S., Private Battery C 1st Light Art., Cleveland, O. 
Kramer, William G. , Private 3d Iowa Cav., Danville, Pa. 
Kumler, John F., Sergeant 83d Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Lambert, Wm. H., Brevet Major, A. A. A. G. U. S. V., Philadelphia, 

La Motte, Robert S., Lieut. -Colonel 12th Inf. U. S. A. 
Lane, John R., Brevet Major-General U. B. V., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Lane, P. P., Colonel 11th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Lawler, Thomas G., Sergeant 19th Illinois Inf., Rockport, 111. 
Lawrence, Samuel B., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel U. S. A., New York 

Lazarus, Adam, Brevet Captain 28th Pennsylvania Inf., Philadelphia, 

Le Due, Wm. G., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Hastings, Minn. 
Leeper, A. B., Sergeant 115th Illinois Inf., Owaneco, 111. 
Le Favour, Heber, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 
Lemert, George A., Captain 97th Ohio Inf., Dresden, O. 
Litchfield, H. G., Captain 2d Art. U. S. A., Governor's Island, N. Y. 
Lock wood, S. B., Lieutenant 105th Ohio Inf., Lancaster, O. 
Long, Eli, Brevet Major-General U. S. A., Plainville, N. J. 
Loomis, C. O., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 
Lowe, Wm. R., Brevet Major U. S. A., Cincinnati, O. 
Lowe, W. W., Brevet Brigadier-General IT. S. V., Omaha, Neb. 
Luckey, J. B., Captain 3d Ohio Cav., Elmore, O. 
Ludlow, Israel, Lieutenant 5th Art. U. S. A.* 
Ludwick, J. B., Captain Signal Corps U. S. V., New Orleans, La. 
Lurn, Charles M., Colonel 10th Michigan Inf., Detroit, Mich. 
Lybrand, A., Jr., Captain 73d Ohio Inf., Delaware, O. 
Lyle, W. W., Chaplain 11th Ohio Inf., Bay City, Mich. 
Lyon, Samuel, Captain 2d Kentucky Cav., Gallatin, Tenn. 
Lyster, Wm. J., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel U. S. A. 
Lytic, R. P., Captain 27th Illinois Inf., Decatur, 111. 


260 Army of the Cumberland. 

McAdams, Wm., Lieutenant 59th Illinois Inf., Kansas, 111. 

McClurg, A. C, Brevet Brigadier-General, A. A. G. U. S. V., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

McCook, A. McD., Brevet Major-General U. S. A. 

McCook, Anson G., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., New York 

McCook, E. M., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 

McCook, John J., Brevet Colonel U. S. V., New York City. 

McCreery, Wm. B., Colonel 21st Michigan Inf., Flint, Mich. 

McCrory, William, Lieutenant 7th Co. Ohio 8. S., Minneapolis, 

McDonald, James, Major, C. S. U. S. V., Urbana. O. 

McElroy, John, Private 16th Illinois Cav., Toledo, O. 

McGannow, E. P., Captain 6th Indiana Inf., North Vernon, Ind. 

McGroarty, S. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 

MeGiuniss, James T., Captain U. S* A. 

MeKethan, E. II., Private 1st Tennessee Cav., Sunbright, Tenn. 

MeRibbon, Joseph, Colonel, A. D. C. IT. S. V., Philadelphia, Pa. 

McMichael, William, Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

McMurty, Alex. O., Captain 88th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

MeVcan, D. C, Major 1st Wisconsin Inf., Jefferson Barracks, Mo. 

MacKnight, O. B., Captain 9th Pennsylvania Cav., Plaiues' P. O., 
Lucerne Co., Pa. 

Mackin, Michael, Private 94th Ohio Inf., National Military Home, 0. 

Madden, John A., Captain 79th Pennsylvania Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Major, J., Captain 86th Illinois Inf., Eureka, 111. 

Mandersori, Chas. F., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Omaha, Neb. 

Mansfield, I. Franc, Brevet Captain, A. A. Q. M., Cannelton, Pa. 

Manzy, James II., Captain 68th Indiana Inf., Bushville, Ind. 

Marshall, D. W., Colonel 51st Ohio Inf., Now York City. 

Marshall, James H., Lieutenant 79th Pennsylvania Inf., Lancaster, Pa. 

Martin, John A., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Atchison, Kan. 

Mason, E. D., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V,, St. Joseph, Mo. 

* Deceased. 

List of Members. 261 

Mather, C. J., Captain 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Matthews, Stanley, Colonel 51st Ohio Inf., Washington, I). C. 

Maxwell, O. C, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 

May, D. K., Captain 22d Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Melendy, R. W., Captain 29th Indiana Inf., Eaton Rapids, Mich. 

Meredith, Sol., Brevet Major-General IT. S. V., Cambridge City, Ind. 

Merrick, C. C, Captain 51st Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Merrill, G. W., Captain 44th Indiana Inf., Toledo, O. 

Merrill, Wm. E., Brevet Colonel Engineers IT. S. A. 

Meyer, E. S., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

Michie, James C, Captain 1st U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Millard, Harrison, Lieutenant 19th Inf. U. S. A., A. D. G, New 

York City. 
Miller, John A., Sergeant-Major 18th Ohio Inf., Dayton, O. 
Miller, John P., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., San Francisco, Cal. 
Mills, Samuel J., Assistant Surgeon IT. S. A., Toledo, O. 
Milward, II. K., Colonel 18th Kentucky Yet. Inf., Lexington, Ky. 
Milward, Will. R., Colonel 21st Kentucky Inf., Lexington, Ky. 
Mindil, Geo. W., Brevet Major-General IT. S. V., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Mizner, Henry R., Lieut. -Colonel 10th Inf. U. S. A., Brevet Briga- 
dier-General IT. S. V. 
Moc, S. B., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. IT. S. V., Chattanooga, Teun. 

Montagnier, Jules J., Captain 6th Ohio Inf.* 

Moore, Albert, Lieut.-Colonel 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Moore, Fred. W., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. Y., Cincinnati, O. 

Morgan, James I)., Brevet Major-General IT. S. Y. , Quincy, 111. 

Morgan, O. II., Captain 7th Indiana Battery, Chicago, 111. 

Morgan, William A., Lieutenant 23d Kentucky Inf., Cottonwood 
Falls, Kan. 

Morrison, A., Captain 5th Indiana Battery, Plymouth, Ind. 

Morrow George W., 149th New York Inf., Lowville, N. Y. 

Mosenmeir, B., Assistant Surgeon 33d Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Murphy, David A., Adjutant 184th Ohio Inf., Danville, Ky. 


262 Army of the Cumberland. 

Murray, Eli PI., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Salt Lake City, 

Muscroft, C. S., Surgeon 10th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Mussey, K. D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 
Mussey, W. H., Lieut. -Colonel U. S. A.* 
Myers, William PL, Sergeant 33d Ohio Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Neff, H. PL, Lieut.-Colonel 124th Indiana Inf., Winchester, Ind. 
Negley, James S., Major-General U. S. V., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Neil, H. M., Captain 22d Ohio Battery, Columbus, O. 
Nelson W. PP., Captain 5th Tennessee Cav., Backwoods, Tenn. 
Neubert, Henry G., Captain 14tli Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Newton, J. B., Captain 14th Ohio Inf., Bowling Green, O. 
Nicholson, John P., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel 28th Pennsylvania Inf., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Nixon, E. S., Captain 14th Michigan Inf., Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Noble, S. C, 14th Mich. Inf., Houston, Texas. 
Nodine, R. IL, Colonel 25th Illinois Inf.* 
Northup, George W., Colonel U. S. V., Louisville, Ky. 
Norton, H. A., Captain 12th U. S. C. T., Chicago, 111. 
Nye, Daniel H., Captain, A. C. S. U. S. V., Toledo, 0. 

Ogan, Phil. M., Captain 26th Ohio Inf., St. Psoitis, Mo. 
O'Neall, Joseph W., Private 35th Ohio Inf., Lebanon, O. 
Opdycke, E., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., New York City. 
Osborne, John, Colonel 31st Indiana Inf., Greencastle, Ind. 
Otis, E. A., Captain U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 
Over, James W., Private 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Paine, C. N., Captain 21st Wisconsin Inf., Oshkosh, Wis. 

Palmer, Melvin R., Private Battery C 1st Ohio Light Art., Fos- 

toria, O. 
Palmer, Wm. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Denver, Col. 
Parker, R. T., Private 10th Ohio Cav., Toledo, O. 
• is Deceascd. 

List of Members. % 63 

Parkhnrst, J. G., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cold water, 

Parrish, Edward A., 98th Ohio Inf., Urichsville, O. 
Patterson, D. C, Surgeon 124th Ohio Inf., Washington, D. C. 
Patterson, E. L., Captain 79th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 
Pepoon, George W., Adjutant 96th Illinois Inf., Warren, 111. 
Perkins, George T., Lieut.-Colonel 105th Ohio Inf., Akron, O. 
Peters, Matthew H., Brevet Major 74th Ohio Inf., Watseka, 111. 
Peterson, J. B., Private 16th New York Inf., Altoona, 111. 
Pettit, W. H., Lieutenant 4th Indiana Battery, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Pickands, James, Colonel 124th Ohio Inf., Marquette, Mich. 
Pierce, Isaac N., Private 133d Indiana Inf., Terre Haute, Ind. 
Pierson, Stephen, Adjutant 33d New Jersey Inf., Morristown, N. J. 
Pitman, S. E., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Detroit, 

Plessner, Henry, Major 9th Ohio Inf., South Bend, Ind. 
Plumb, Ralph, Brevet Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Streator, 111. 
Poe, O. M., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A., Washington, D. C. 
Porter, Wm. L., Brevet Major U, S, A.* 
Post, Philip Sidney, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Galeshurg, 

Price, S. W., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Louisville, Ky. 
Prichard, Benjamin D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Allegan, 

Putnam, David, Colonel 152d Ohio Inf., German, O. 
Putnam, W. D., Lieutanant 94th Ohio Inf., Marietta, O. 

Ramsey, R. H., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V.* 

Ranson, II. C, Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. A.* 

Raper, John T., Adjutant 26th Ohio Inf., Chillicothe, O. 

Raymond, Samuel B., Lieut.-Colonel 51st Illinois Inf.* 

Read, J. C, Colonel, C. S. U. S. V., Fernandina, Fla, 

Reiff, Josiah C, Adjutant 15th Pennsylvania Cav.,New York City. 

Reynolds, J. J., Brevet Major-General U. S. A. 



264- Army of tlie Cumberland. 

Reynolds, James K., Lieutenant 6th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Reynolds, John A., Brevet Colonel 1st New York Art, Rochester, 
N. Y. 

Rhoades, Oliver T., Corporal 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 

Ricks, A. J., Captain 104th Ohio Inf., Massillon, O. 

Robinson, George J., Captain Chicago Board Trade Battery, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Robinson, J. S., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Kenton, O. 

Robinson, W. A., Brevet Brigadier-General U. 8. V., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Roby, George W., Jr., Captain 33d Ohio Inf., Columbus, 0. 

Rockwell, A. F., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel U. S. A., Washington, D. C. 

Rogers, S. T., Lieutenant 88th Illinois Inf., El Paso, 111. 

Rogers, Charles D., Captain 24th Wisconsin Inf., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Romyen, Henry, Captain 14th U. S. C. T., Ft. Brown, Texas. 

Roper, George S., Brevet Colonel U. S. V., Alton, 111. • 

Rosecrans, William S., Major-General U. S. V., San Francisco, Cal. 

Rosencranz, A. C, Major 4th Indiana Caw, Evansville, Ind. 

Rouse, J. S., Surgeon 10th Michigan Inf., Saginaw, Mich. 

Ruhm, John, Lieutanant 14th U. S. C. T., Nashville, Tenn. 

Russell, A. 0., Major 6th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Russell, Charles B., Captain 6th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O, 

Rust, H. A., Major 27th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Sanborn, William, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 

Sanford, J. E., Private 38th Ohio Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Schenck, A. D., Lieutenant 2d Art., U. S. A., Washington, D. C. 

Schneider, Ed. F., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V.* 

Schofield, John M., Major-General U. S. A. 

Schuyler, H. P., Captain, A. D. C. U. S. V., Troy, N. Y. 

Scott, L. L., Sergeant 18th Ohio Inf., Nelsonville, O. 

Scoville, E. A., Lieut.-Colonel 128th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Scully, James AY., Colonel 10th Tennessee Inf., Washington, L). C. 

Selleck, John E., Adjutant 87th Indiana Inf., Onawa City, Iowa. 

* Deceased, 

List of Members. 2 Go 

Sheets, Wra. H. H., Lieutenant 79th Indiana Inf., A: A. A. G. 

U. S. V., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Sheewood, Win. R., 121st Ohio Inf., Plain City, O. 
Shepard, W. P., Private 18th Ohio Inf., Nelsonville, O. 
Shepherd, A. G., Colonel 33d Massachusetts Inf., Lynn, Mass. 
Sherer, Samuel B., Major 15th Illinois Caw, Chicago, 111. 
Sheridan, M. V., Lieut.-Colonel Military Secretary to Lieut. -Gen- 
eral U. S. A. 
Sheridan, Philip H., Lieutenant-General U. S. A. 
Sherman, F. T., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 
Sherman, W. T., General U. S. A. 

Shewatt, John H., Private 74th Illinois Inf., Rock ford, 111. 
Shoemaker, E. M., Lieutenant R. Q. M, 6th Ohio Inf., Cincin- 
nati, O. 
Sidell, Wm. H., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A.* 
Siebert, John, Captain 13th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 
Simmons, Samuel, Lieut. -Colonel, C. S. U. S. V., St. Louis, Mo. 
Sinclair, Win. H., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V., Galveston, 

Skeels, John S., Captain 113th Ohio Inf., Worth iugtou, O. 

Slade, Samuel, Captain 51st Ohio Inf., Port Washington, O. 

Sliney, William F., Lieutenant Battery G 1st Ohio Light Art., 
Washington, D. C. 

Sloan, II. II., Private 3d Ohio Cav., Genoa, O. 

Slocum, II. W., Major-General U. S. V., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Slocum, J. J., Colonel U. S. V., New York City. 

Smith, E. EL, Lieutenant 31st Wisconsin Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Smith, Henry T., Captain 44th Illinois Inf., Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Smith, J. C, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 

Smith, John W., Captain 111th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Smith, Norman M., Captain 19th Pennsylvania Cav., Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Smith, Orland, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Smith, S. B., Major 93d Ohio Inf., Dayton, O. 

* Deceased. 

266 Army of the Cumberland. 

Smith, Wm. H., Chaplain 75th Illinois Inf., Rockford, 111. 

Smith, \V. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U., S. V., Memphis, Tenn. 

Smith, W. S., Brigadier-General U. S. V., Boouville, Mo. 

Spalding, E. G., Lieutenant 22d Michigan Inf., Port Huron, Mich. 

Squire, George T., Lieutenant 21st Ohio Inf., Defiance, O. 

Squire, W. G., Brevet Colonel Ohio Sharpshooters, Ilion, N. Y. 

Squires, Joseph C, Private 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Washington, 

D. C. 
Stumbaugh, F. S., Brigadier-General XL S. V., Chambersburg, 

Standart, Wm. E., Captain, C. S, U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 
Stanley, David S., Brevet Major-General U. S. A. 
Starr, Joseph W., Captain 2d Indiana Cav., Richmond, Ind. 
Steele, John W., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, A. D. C. U. S. V.,Obcrliu, Q. 
Stevens, A. A., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S, V., Grand llapids, 

Stevenson, Alex. F., Brevet Colonel 42d Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Stone, Henry, Brevet Colonel, A. A. G. U. S. V., New York City. 
Storer, J. B., Adjutant 29th Ohio Inf., Akron, O. 
Stoughton, Wm. L., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Sturgis, Mich. 
Strasweg, R., Sergeant 17th Indiana Inf., Evausville, Ind. 
Streight, A. D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Indianapolis, 

Studebaker, Peter, Captain 101st Indiana Inf., Bluftou, Ind. 
Sturges, E. P., Brevet Major 1st Ohio Battery.* 
Sullivan, Joseph T., 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Williamsport, Pa, 
Swaim, D. G., Brigadier-General Judge Advocate General U. S« A., 

Washington, D. C. 
Swain, Edgar D., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel 42nd Illinois Inf., Chicago, 
111. • 

Symes, G. G., Colonel 44th Wisconsin Inf., Denver, Col. 

Tannehill, C. O., Captain 65th Ohio Inf., Perryville, O. 
Taylor, David, Jr., Captain 113th Ohio Iuf., Emporia, Kan. 
* Deceased. 

List of Members. • 26? 

Taylor, James M., Sergeant 96th Illinois Inf., Taylorsville, 111. 

Taylor, J. G., Captain, A. D. C. U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Taylor, M. C., Colonel 15th Kentucky Inf.* 

Teal, John E., Adjutant 14th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Tedford, F. I., Brevet Major 74th Ohio Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Temple, H. F., Captain 21st Kentucky Inf., Chattanooga, Teun. 

Thomas, D. W., Captain 29th Ohio Vol. Inf., Akron, O. 

Thomas, George H., Major-General XL S. A.* 

Thomas, Jerome B., Assistant Surgeon U. S. V., Dayton, O. 

Thompson, William, Private 1st Kentucky Inf., National Military 
Home, O. 

Thornburgh, J. M., Colonel 4th Tennessee Cav., Knoxville, Tenn. 

Thruston, G. P., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Nashville, 

Tillman, William, Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, Paymaster U. S. V., Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Tinker, Henry II., Captain 6th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Titus, H. B., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 

Todd, J. M., Surgeon 65th Ohio Inf., Bridgeport, O. 

Toll, Charles H., Brevet Major, C. S. U. S. V., Clinton, Iowa. 

Tower, Z. B., Brevet Major-General U. S. A. 

Towusend, Frederick, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A., Albany, N. Y. 

Underwood, A. B., Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Boston, Mass. 

Vale, Joseph G., Private 7th Pennsylvania Cav., Carlisle, Pa. 
Van Dickey, M., Lieutenant 94th Ohio Inf * 

Van Doren, John A., Private 21st Indiana Battery, Washington, D. C. 
Van Home, Thomas B., Chaplain U. S. A. 
Van Pelt, F. M., Lieutenant 17th Indiana Inf., Rome, Ga. 
Varney, R. W., Assistant Surgeon 31st Ohio Inf.* 
Vedder, F. M., Private 30th Indiana Inf., La Grange, Ind. 
Vogelbach, Adolph T., Captain 27th Pennsylvania Inf., Philadelphia, 
* Deceased. 

268 Army of the Cumberland. 

Votan, M., Captain 123d Illinois Inf., Neoga, 111. 

Wade, D. E., Surgeon 2d Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Waite, Norman, Major 189th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Wallace, William, Colonel 15th Ohio Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ward, Augustus, Brevet Major 17th Ohio Inf.* 

Ward, Durbin, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Ward, J. H., Lieut.-Colonel 27th Kentucky Inf., Louisville, Ky. 

Warder, James A., Captain 2d Kentucky Inf., Shelby ville, Tenn. 

Warner, D. B., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., St. John's, N. B. 

Warnock, James, Captain 2d Ohio Inf.* 

Waterman, Alfred, Surgeon 105th Illinois Inf., Wheaton, 111. 

Watson, Pliny, Lieutenent 55th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Weaver, J. M., Surgeon 93d Ohio Inf., National Military Home, O. 

Webber, John C, Private 6th Ohio Light Battery, Cleveland, O. 

Welsh, George W., Lieutenant 90th Ohio Inf., Lancaster, O. 

Welty, Charles C, Lieutenant 51st Ohio Inf., New Philadelphia, O. 

AVharton, G. C, Lieut.-Colonel 10th Kentucky Inf., Louisville, Ky. 

Whipple, W. D., Brevet Major-General, U. S. A. 

Whitaker, Walter C, Brevet Major-General, U. S. V., Louisville, Ky. 

White, George F., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, 3d Kentucky Cay., Wash- 
ington, D. C. ■ 

White, James E., Captain 12th Indiana Battery, Cincinnati, O. 

White, Josiah W., Captain 38th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

White, P. E., 3d Ohio Inf., Washington, Kan. 

Whitesides, E. G., Brevet-Major 125th Ohio Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Whitman, E. B., Lieut.-Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Cambridge, 

Wickersham, M. D., Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Mobile, Ala. 

Wiggins, Samuel A., Captain 9th Michigan Inf., Little Rock, Ark. 

Wilder, John T., Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V., Chattanooga, 

Wilken, Eli, Brevet Major 31st Ohio Inf., Winterset, Iowa. 

Will, William, Sergeant 6th Indiana Inf., Versailles, Ind. 
* Deceased. 


List of Members. 


Willard, H. H., Private 4th Indiana Cav., Cleveland, O. 

Willard, John P., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, A. D. C. U. S. A. 

AVilletts, James R., Major 1st XL S. V. Engineers, Chicago, 111. 

Williams, A. S., Brevet Major-General U. S. V.* 

Williams, George, Captain 6th Kentucky Cav., New York City. 

Willich, A., Brevet Major-General, U. S. V.* 

Willis, Clarke, Major 51st Indiana Inf.* 

Wills, A. W., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, A. Q. M. U. S. V., Nashville, 

Wilshire, J. AY., Captain 45th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Wilson, James G., Sergeant-Major 1st U. S. Vols. Engineers, Wright's 

Grove, 111. 
Wilson, AY, Captain 124th Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 
Wilson, Walter G., 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Wilson, W. C, Colonel 40th Indiana Inf., Lafayette, Ind. 
Wilson, W. T., Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V., Columbus, O. 
Wilson, W. W., Major 79th Ohio Inf., Lebanon, O. 
Wilstach, C. F., Quartermaster 10th Indiana Inf.* 
Wing, Charles T., Brevet Colonel, A. Q. M. U. 8. V., New York 

. City. 
Winkler, F. C, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Wood, James W., Captain 2d Minnesota Inf., Battle Creek, Mich. 
Wood, Thomas J., Brevet Major-General, U. S. A., Dayton, O. 
Wood, Wm. S., Captain 34th Illinois Inf., Salem, O. 
Woods, J. T., Surgeon 99th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
Woods, T.E., Captain 123d Illinois Inf., Mattoon, 111. 
Woolson, Alvin M., Sergeant-Major 1st Ohio Heavy Art., Toledo, O. 
Wormer, G. S., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Detroit, Mich. 
Wright, L. A., Sergeant 65th Ohio Inf., Democracy, O. 
Wyman, F. O., Sergeant 14th Ohio Inf., Genoa, O. 
Wyrick, M. V., Sergeant 10th Ohio Cav., Jasper, Tenn. 

Yeager, AY. R, 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Yohe, John M., Private 79th Pennsylvania Inf., Connellsville, Pa. 


270 Army of the Cumberland. 

Young, Thomas L., Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V., Cincinnati, 0. 
Young, William H., Lieut. -Colonel 2Gth Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

Zahm, Lewis, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V., Seneca, Kan. 
Zeacher, George W., Lieutenant XL S, Signal Corps, Lancaster, Pa. 
Zehring, S. Perry, Captain 197th Ohio Inf., Germantown, O. 
Ziegler, Jacob, Captain Battery B Pennsylvania Light Art., Erie, Pa. 
Zollinger, C. A., Colonel 129th Indiana Inf., Fort Wayne, Ind.