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Full text of "The Revised Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts : enacted November 21, 190l, to take effect January 1, 1902 : with the Constitution of the United States, the Constitution of the Commonwealth, and tables showing the disposition of the public statutes and of statutes passed since the enactment of the Public Statutes"

^jr¥tP»Kffi*3«3t.:a 







V 



THE 



REVISED LAAVS 



OF 



C^t Comm0ttfo£altIj of Ulassarljwsetts. 

Enacted ]S^ovember 21, 1901, 
To TAKE Effect January 1, 1902. 

WITH THE 

coNsxrruTioN of the united states, the constitution of the 

commonwealth, and tables showing the disposition 

of the public statutes and of statutes 

passed since the enacti^ient of 

the public statutes. 

Vol. I. 

Chaptees 1-108. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 

1902. 



STATE LIBRARY OF MASSACHUSEm, 
DEC 15 1911 



PREFACE. 



A resolve of the Legislature, approved April 28, 1896, provided 
that the Governor should appoint three commissioners for consolidating 
and arranging the Public Statutes of the Commonwealth which should 
be in force and operation when their final report was made, and that, in 
consolidating and arranging the statutes, the commissioners should have 
authority to omit enactments which were redundant and which had ceased 
to have any effect or influence on existing rights, to reject superfluous 
words, to condense into as concise and comprehensive a form as is con- 
sistent with a full and clear expression of the will of the Legislature all 
circuitous, tautological and ambiguous phraseology, to suggest any mis- 
takes, omissions, inconsistencies and imperfections which may appear in 
the laws to be consolidated and arranged, and the manner in Avhich they 
may be corrected, supplied and amended. Pursuant to this resolve, the 
Governor, with the advice and consent of the Council, appointed Edmund 
H. Bennett of Taunton, Charles U. Bell of Lawrence and William M. 
Butler of New Bedford, who entered upon the work of the commission. 
Mr, Bennett died in January, 1898, and subsequently, Mr. Bell and Mr. 
Butler resigned. The undersigned were appointed to succeed the original 
commissioners, and submitted their report to the General Court on the 
fourth day of June, 1901. Later, in compliance with an order of the 
General Court, adopted June 12, 1901, they prepared a supplemental 
report for the purpose of incorporating into the statutes the legisla- 
tion of 1901. During the session of 1901, a joint special committee of 
the Legislature, consisting of the President of the Senate, the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, the committee on the Judiciary of the 
Senate and House of Representatives, six other members of the Senate 
and sixteen other members of the House of Representatives, was appointed 
to consider and report on all matters relating to the consolidating and 
arranging of the Public Statutes. This committee was afterward in- 
creased by the addition of three members of the Senate and eight mem- 



IV PREFACE. 

bers of the House of Representatives. B}^ a resolve of the Legislature, 
the committee was authorized to continue its examination and revision 
of the report of the commissioners after the prorogation of the regular 
session, and His Excellency the Governor was requested to call an extra 
session of the General Court on the second Wednesday of November, 
1901, to the end that the statutes as consolidated, arranged and revised 
by the commissioners and by the committee might be enacted to take 
effect on the first day of January in the year 1902, or as soon thereafter 
as possible. The committee accordingly held twenty-two sessions, the first 
on May 27 and the last on October IG, examined each chapter of the' 
commissioners' report separately upon a report from a sub-committee, to 
which it had been referred, and reported in print to the Legislature at 
the exti-a session, Avhich convened on November 13, 1901. The Legisla- 
ture adopted a few perfecting amendments, and on November 21, 1901, 
passed the following act for consolidating and arranging the general stat- 
utes of the Commonwealth, to take effect from and after the thirty-first 
day of December in the year 1901, under the title of the Eevised Laws. 

An Index is being prepared by C^harles N. Harris, but it is impossible 
to have it completed in time to be printed herewith. When it is com- 
pleted, it will be published in a separate volume. Meanwhile, the tables 
showing the disposition of each chapter and section of the Public Statutes 
of 1882 and of all subsequent statutes up to and including the acts of the 
year 1901, and the analysis of the chapters, will be of assistance. Thus, 
according to the table. Pub. Sts. c. 1, §§ 1-5, will be found in Revised 
Laws, c. 1, §§ 2, 3, 5-7. Pub. Sts. c. 2, §§ 5-14, were repealed by St. 
1885, c. 24. That statute, except so much of it as was superseded by 
St. 1890, c. 302, will be found in Revised Laws, c. 3, § 7. St. 1890, 
c. 302, in turn, will be found in Revised Laws, c. 3, § 5. Pub. Sts. 
c. 12 was repealed by St. 1888, c. 390, the disposition of which wall 
be found in the table under St. 1888, c. 390. 

The marginal citations of the earlier enactments from which existing 
provisions of law have been derived, which were given in the report of 
the commissioners, have been retained in the statutes so that the history 
of the legislation upon a given subject may readily be traced. An exam- 
ination of the statutes so cited will show that many of them have under- 
gone an interesting transformation in their evolution into their present 
form. In these citations the abbreviation B. L. refers to the Massa- 
chusetts Body of Liberties of 1G41 ; C. L. refers to the Colonial Laws, 
Boston edition of 1890. The Provincial Laws are cited from the state 
edition of the Acts and Resolves of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 



PREFACE. V 

The most important decisions of the Supreme Judicial Court upon 
tlie construction of the statutes, througli volume .177 of the Massa- 
chusetts Reports, and the published opinions of the Attorney General 
have been cited in the margins of statutes to which they relate. 

The Glossary has been omitted in consequence of the action of the 
joint special committee relative thereto. 

The Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of this 
Commonwealth have been annotated by the commissioners at the request 
of the joint special committee. The citations of cases in the margin of 
the Constitution of the United States have been confined principally to the 
decisions of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. The decisions 
of the Supreme Court of the United States construing the provisions of 
the Constitution are so numerous that even a selection of them would be 
cumbersome and confusing. Marginal citations of such decisions cannot 
supersede a digest of constitutional law ; therefore, only such decisions 
of the Supreme Court of the United States and such acts of Congress 
as are of great public interest or affect the action of the States have 
been cited. Thus, United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U. S. Rep. 
649, has been cited because it determines who are citizens b}^ birth of 
the United States and of the several States under the first clause of the 
Fourteenth Amendment; and McPherson v. Blacker, 146 U. S. Rep. 1, 
has been cited because it expounds the manner in which State Legis- 
latures may appoint presidential electors. Such acts of Congress have 
been cited as fix the time at which presidential electors shall be appointed 
and the time at which the electoral college shall meet ; as designate the 
ofiicers who shall act in the case of removal, death, resignation or ina- 
bility of both the President and the Vice-President of the United States ; 
and as relate to the election of senators and representatives in Congress. 
The citations in the margin of the Constitution of the Commonwealth are 
believed to be sufficiently copious and to include all the principal deci- 
sions of the State and United States courts. 

The statutes have been printed under the supervision of William 
M. Olin and James W. Kimball, who were appointed for that purpose by 
the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives under the authority of a resolve of the Legislature. 

FRANCIS AV. HURD. 
CHARLES W. CLIFFORD. 
CHARLES X. HARRIS. 



TABLE 



SHOWING THE DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



EXPLANATIONS. 



R. L. means Revised Laws; 0. means obsolete; R. means Repealed by; S. means Superseded by 

T. means Temporary. 



§^ 7-11, 13 

2, ^ 1-4 
§^ 5-14 
§ 15 . 
\ 16 . 
§^ 17, 18 
I 19 . 
$20 . 
§21 . 
^22 . 
^ 23, 25 
^ 24 . 
§26 . 
§27 . 
§§ 28-34 
6 35 . 



§§1,2 
53. . 



2, 3. 



c. 1, §§ 1-5 ... R. L. 1, §§ 2, 3, 5-7. 
" §§ 6, 12 . . . Superfliions. 

R. L. 1, §§ 8-13. 
R. L. 3, §§ 1-4. 
R. 1885, 24. 
R. 1884, 319, § 2. 
R. L. 3, § 9. 
S. 1882, 257, § 
R. L. 10, § 14. 
R. L. 3, § 10. 
S. 1884, 329. 
S. 1882, 257, § 1. 
R. L. 3, §§ 14, 11. 
R. 1884, 60. 
S. 1899, 100. 
R. L. 10, § 15. 
R. L. 3, §§ 15-17, 19-22. 
R. 1884, 60. 
R. L. 8. 

R. 1889, 440, § 14. 
R. L. 10, §§ 1, 2. 
R. L. 10, § 3 ; S. in part, 1895, 
284, § 3. 

" §§ 4, 6, 9, 10, 12, S. 1887, 128. 
" §§ 5, 7, 11 . . R. L. 10, §§ 5, 7, 16. 

" § 8 S. 1895, 284, § 4. 

" §§ 13, 14, 16 . R. L. 10, §§ 19, 23, 25. 

" § 15 . . . . R.L. 10, §24; S. in part, 1893, 

86, § 1. 
" § 17 . . . . R. 1893, 86. 
" § 18 . . . . S. 1882, 29; 1886, 66. 
" §§ 19, 21 . . . R. L. 10, §§ 28, 30. 
" § 20 .... R. 1882, 196, § 2. 

c. 6 R. 1884, 298, § 53. 

c. 7-10 R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

c. 11, § 1 R. & S. 1893, 417, §§ 14, 16; 

1901, 424, § 1. 
" §y 2, 3 . . . R. L. 12, §§ 2, 3. 

" §4 R. L. 12, § 4; S. in part, 1882, 

76 ; 1888, 363. 

" § 5 R. L. 12, § 5 ; S. in part, 1885, 

169; 1886, 231; 1888, 158; 
1894, 220. 

" § 6 Expired by limitation. 

" §§ 7-12 . . . R. L. 12, §§ 6-9, 13, 14. 
" § 13 . . . . S. 1889, 84. 
" § 14 . . . . R. L. 12, § 16; S. in part, 1882, 
175, § 3. 



11, §§ 15-19 
" § 20 . 

§§ 21-37 
§38 . 
§ 39 . 
§§ 40-47 



§49 . 
§50 . 
§ 51 , 
§§ 52, 53 



§ 54 . 
§ 55 . 

§§ 56-66 
§67 . 
§§ 68-74 
§75 . 
§§ 76, 77 
§78 . 
§§ 79-91 
§ 92 . 
§§ 93-96 
§97 . 



12 . . . 

13, §§ 1, 2 

" §§ 3-19 

" ^6. . 

" §§ 20, 21 

" § 22 . 

" i^ 23 . 

" § 24 . 

" § 25 . 

" §26 . 

" §27 . 

" § 28 . 

" §§ 29-32 

" §33 . 

" § 34 . 

" §35 . 

" § 36 . 

" §37 . 



§§ 38, 39 



R. L. 12, §§ 17, 18, 20-22. 

R. L. 12, § 23 ; S. in part, 1894, 

490. 
R. L. 12, §§ 24-40. 
R. L. 12, §§ 41, 74. 
S. 1891, 381. 
R. L. 12, §§ 46-53. 
R. 1901, 424, § 2. 
S. 1887, 226. 
S. 1888, 307. 
R. L. 12, § 57. 
R. L. 12, §§ 58, 59; S. in part, 

1883, 41. 
S. 1887, 86. 
R. L. 12, § 61; S. in part, 1883, 

91 ; 1894, 318. 
R. L. 12, §§ 62-71. 
S. 1900, 168. 
R. L. 12, §§ 72-77. 
S. 1894, 207. 
R. L. 12, §§ 83, 84. 
S. 1886, 85. 
R. L. 12, §§ 86-96. 
R. 1882, 252, § 5 ; 1901, 200. 
R. L. 12, §§ 97-100. 
R. L. 12, § 101 ; S. in part, 1887, 

342, § 2. 
R. 1888, 390. 
S. 1887, 342; 1890, 160. 
R. L. 14, §§ 3, 4, 6-lS, ').->. 
O. in part. 
R. L. 14, §§ 19, 20; S. in part, 

1890, 160, § 4. 
R. L. 14, §§ 57, 58. 
R. L. 14, § 21. 
R. 1890, 63, § 2. 
R. L. 14, § 24. 
S. 1887, 283, § 1. 
R. L. 14, § 25. 
R. L. 14, §§ 55, 58. 
R. L. 14, §§ 26-29. 
R. L. 14, § 31. 
S. 1887, 283, § 2. 
R. L. 14, § 33. 
R. L. 14, §§ 55, 58. 
R. L. 14, §§ 34, 57; S. in part, 

1887, 283, § 3. 
R. L. 14, §§ 37, 38. 



[vii] 



vni 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



c. 13, ^S 40 . 
" § 41 . 

" § 42 . 

" § 43 . 

" §§44,45 

" § 46 . 

" §§ 47-49 

" §§ 50-52 

" §\ 53-56 

" §1 57, 58 

" §§59-67 
c. 14 . . . 
c. 15, § 1 . . 

" §§2-4. 



,^6 



" §§7,8 

" § 9 . . 

" § 10 • 

'< l§ 11-13 

" § 14 . 

" § 15 . 
c. 16, § 1 . . 

" §2. . 



§§3-6 
§7. . 
§^ 8-13 
\§ 14-16 
§17 . 



" § 18 . 

" §§ 19, 20 

" § 21 . 

" §§ 22-25 

" §§ 26-30 

" \§ 31-33 

" §§ 34-41 

" § 42 . 

» §§ 43, 44 

" §§ 45-50 

" § 51 . 

" § 52 . 

" § 53 . 

" §§ 54, 55 

" §5 56-58 

«' § 59 . 

" §§ 60, 62 

" §§ 63-71 

" §72 . 

" §73 . 
c. 17, § 1 . . 

" §§ 2, 3 

" §§ 4-7 . 



§9. . 
§ 10 . 
§11 . 
§§ 12, 13 
§ 14 . 

§15 . 



§ 16 . 
§17 . 
§ 18 . 
§ 19 . 
§§ 20-25 



R. L. 14, §§ 38, 40. 

R. L. 14, § 42; S. in part, 1890, 

127, § 7. 
R. L. 14, § 48. 

R. L. 14, §§ 49, 50; 110, § 31. 
R. L. 14, § 51. 
S. 1895, 300. 
Unconstitutional. 
R. L. 14, §§ 53, 22, 36. 
R. L. 14, §§ 54, 55, 58-60. 
R. L. 14, §§ 61, 62; R. in part, 

1898, 578, § 26. 
R. L. 14, §§ 63-69. 
R. 1887, 411, § 167. 
S. 1884, 328. 
R. L. 4, §§ 2-4. 
R. L. 4, § 5 ; S. in part, 1885, 

77. 
R. L. 4, § 6 ; S. in part, 1884, 

8, 38; 1898, 104. 
R. L. 4, §§ 8, 10. 
R. L. 5, § 1 ; S. in part, 1884, 79. 
Merged in R. L. 5, § 2. 
R. L. 5, §§ 3, 4, 6. 
S. 1899, 178, § 1. 
R. 1882, 226. 
R. L. 6, § 13. 
R. L. 6, § 14; S. in part, 1885, 

195; 1887, 30; 1888, 432; 

1891, 375. 
R. L. 6, §§ 15, 19-21. 
R. 1884, 207, § 2. 
R. L. 6, §§ 23-25. 
R. L. 6, §§ 1-3. 
R. & S. in part, 1885, 263; 

1886, 38; 1901, 211. 
S. 1890, 160. 

R. L, 6, § 67. 

R. L. 6, § 8; 7, § 2. 

R. L. 6, §§ 9-12. 

R. L. 6, §§ 26-28, -30, 31. 

R. L. 6, §§ 34, 29, 38. 

R. L. 6, §§ 32, 33, 39-14. 

R. 1885, 371. 

R. L. 6, §§ 49, 45. 

R. L. 6, §§ 50-53, 55. 

O. 

R. L. 6, § 56. 

R. L. 7, § 3. 

R. L. 6, §§ 58, 61. 

R. L. 6, §§ 62-64. 

O. 

R. L. 6, §§ 65, 68, 69. 

R. L. 6, §§ 71-78. 

R. 1886, 169. 

R. 1887, 438. 

S. 1889, 402, § 1. 

R. 1896, 490, §§ 1, 4. 

R. L. 7, §§ 4-7. 

S. 1892, 159. 

R. 1898, 436, § 2. 

S. 1890, 388. 

R. L. 221, § 5. 

R. L. 7, §§ 11, 12. 

R. L. 7, § 12 ; S. in part, 1895, 

424. 
.R. L. 7, § 13 ; S. in part, 1882, 

156; 245, § 2; 1885, 168; 

1887, 97, 160 ; 1888, 267, § 1. 
R. L. 7, § 14. 

S. 1898, 548, § 274. 

R. L. 7, § 16. 

S. 1893, 345. 

R. L. 7, §§ 18, 17, 15, 19-21. 



c. 18 R. L. 17, except 

" § 13 . . . . S. 1901, 149. 

" § 14 .... S. 1885, 31. 

c. 19 R. L. 96, except 

" § 1 S. in part, 1893, 298. 

" § 4 O. 

c. 20 R. L. 89, except 

" §§1,2 . . . S. 1894, 144; 1896, 254. 

" §4 S. in part, 1883, 184; 1884, 66; 

1887, 245. 

c. 21 R. L. 18, except 

" § 10 . . . . S. in part, 1886, 257. 

c. 22 R. L. 20, except 

" §§ 2, 3 ... Purpose accomplished. 

" § 14 .... As amended, R. L. 20, § 14. 

" § 15 . . . . R. L. 20, § 16 ; S. in part, 1883, 
63. 

" § 18 .... R, 1893, 275, § 2. 

" § 20 .... S. in part, 1897, 137, § 1. 

" § 22 .... S. 1897, 137, § 2. 

" § 26 . . . . S. 1885, 91. 

" § 28 . . . . S. 1890, 423, § 112. 

" § 30 .... S. 1898, 217, § 3. 

c. 23 R. L. 21, except 

" § 2 As amended, R. L. 21, § 2. 

" § 10 . . . . S. 1897, 128, § 2. 

" § 18 .... S. 1899, 108. 

" § 20 .... S. 1897, 130, § 4. 

" § 22 .... R. 1895, 143, § 2. 

" § 23 .... R, 1897, 130, § 5. 

" § 25 .... S. 1897, 153. 

" § 26 . . . . S. 1897, 128, § 3. 

" § 27 . . . . S. 1897, 153, §§ 4, 5. 

" § 28 .... R. 1897, 153, § 14. 

" § 30 .... S. 1892, 430. 

" §§ 31, 33 ... S. 1898, 548, § 251. 

" § 32 .... R. 1890, 380, § 2. 

" §§ 36-39 . . . R. 1887, 438, § 8. 

c. 24 R. L. 22, except 

" § 2 S. in part, 1891, 234, § 1. 

'< § 6 R. L. 22, § 7; S. in part, 1890, 

308. 

" § 12 .... S. 1892, 121. 

" § 22 . . . . R. L. 22, § 25; S. in part, 
1885, 29. 

" §§ 25, 26 . . . S. 1896, 443, §§ 1, 2. 

" § 27 .... S. 1901, 401. 

«< § 28 . . . . T. 

" §§29-32. . . R. 1895,493, §6; 18%, 'tis, §-5. 

c. 25 R. L. 23, except 

" § 6 S. 1885, 32, § 1. 

" I 10 . . . . R. L. 171, § 1. 

" § 20 . . . . R. 1885, 75. 

« § 22 .... As amended, R. L. 23, § 18 

c. 26 R. L. 24, except 

« § 2 R. in part, 1901, 173. 

«< § 6 R. 1893, 257, § 3. 

" §§ 9, 24 . . . S. 1885, 379, §§ 1, 7. 

" § 14 . . . . Redundant. 

" § 20 . . . . S. 1887, 310, § 1. 

c. 27 R. L. 25, except 

" § 1 Superfluous. 

" § 4 S. in part, 1891, 416. 

'< § 10 . . . . S. in part, 1886, 76. 

" § 11 . . . . S. 1889, 21. 

'« § 12 . . . . S. 1885, 123, § 1. 

" § 15 .... S. 1898, 190, § 1. 

" § 41 . . . . S. 1894, 145. 

" §§ 52-63 . . . R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

" §§64, 66-68, 70, 
73, 74, 77-81, 
83, 84, 86, 87, 
89-91, 93, 94, 
97, 98 ... R. 1893, 417, § 345. 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



IX 



c. 27, 



c. 28 



§§ 65, 69 . . . 

§§ 71, 72, 75, 76, 
82, 85, 88, 92, 
95,96,99-128, 

§ 129 , 

I 130 , 



R. 1883, 203. 



§7. . 
§ 12 . 
\§ 14-16 
5 20 . 



c. 29 



§§2,3 



§6 

§7 



§11 



^§ 1-12 
§§ 13, 14, 16 



§ 15 • • 
§§ 17-19 . 



cl. 12; 



e. 32 
c. 33 
0.34 

c. 35 



c. 38 



c. 41 



c. 42 
c. 43 

c. 44 



R. 1893, 423, § 1. 

S. 1898, 490. 

Omitted. See 1891, 416. 

R. L. 26, except 

S. in part, 1882, 180. 

S. 1887, 399, § 1. 

R. 1888, 437, § 6. 

S. 1884, 299, §§ 7, 22. 

R. L. 27, except 

R. L. 8, ^ 5, 
§2. 

0. 

S. 1885, 312, § 4. 

Omitted in part. See R. L. 26, 
§9. 

S. 1892, 245, § 6. 

S. 1894, 146. 

R. 1889, 301, § 10. 

R. 1884, 181, § 18. 

R. L. 107, §§ 1, 2; S. in part, 
1899, 115. 

S. 1888, 115; 1897, 430. 

R. L. 107, §§ 10, 11 ; S. in part, 
1886, 101, § 4; 1898, 433, 
§24. 

R. 1897,437, §8; 444, §31. 

R. L. 30. 

R. L. 31, except last clause of 

§ 7, S. 1891, 416. 

R. L. 32, except 

§§ 8, 26 . . . R. L. 208, §§ 22, 13. 

II 10, 11 . . . R. 1888, 199, § 3. 

§§ 13, 14, 37 . O. 

§27 . . . . S. 1898, 162. 

§29 . . . . S. 1886, 113. 

§ 50 .... S. 1898, 155. 

§51 . . . . S. 1895, 295. 

R. L. 33. 

R. 1891, 281, § 2; 1897, 439, 

§ 14. 

R. L. 36, except 

§7 0. 

§18 . . . . S. in part, 1887, 419. 

§§ 19, 21 ... S. 1887, 419. 

§§ 20, 41 . . . Superfluous. 

§§ 25, 29, 47 . S. 1897, 496, §§ 1-3. 

§ 43 .... S. 1886, 239. 

R. L. 37. 

§ 1 Omitted as redundant. 

§§ 2, 5, 7, 8 . . R. L. 38, §§ 2-5. 
§§ 3, 4 ... 0. 

§6 S. 1882, 246; 1897, 153, § 9. 

§§ 9, 11 . . . R. L. 38, § 6. 

§10 . . . . R. L. 25, § 15; 38, §6. 

§§ 12-20 . . . Omitted as unnecessary. 

R. L. 39, except 

§§ 3, 7 . . . R. 1898, 496, § 36. 

§ 8 R. 1885, 227, § 2. 

§ 11 .... O. since 1893, 86. 
§13 . . . . O. in part. 
§ 15 . . . . R. L. 84, § 13. 
§ 16 . . . . R. 1887, 179, § 2. 

R. L. 40, except 

§ 1 S. 1896, 186. 

R. L. 41, except 

§ 3 R. 1884, 22. 

§§ 7, 8 . . . O. 

R. L. 42, except 

§ 1 S. 1894, 320, § 1 ; R. 1898, 496, 

§36. 
§§2, 7, 12, 13, 16, R. 1898, 496, § 36. 



c. 44, § 21 



c. 45 
c. 46 

H 

c. 47 
c. 48, 



§§ 22-24 
§2:, . 
§ 26 . 
§§ 35-40 
§ 41 . 
§43 . 



§§ 48, 49 



8, 9 



c. 49 



§§1-6 
§7, 
§§8,9 
§ 10 
§§ 11-21 
§§ 22-27 



14 



c. 50, 



§ 18 . 
§ 31 . 
§§ 33, 79, 
§47 . 
§§ 84-86 
§88 . 
§ 99 . 
§ 107 . 

§1 • 
§§ 2-4, 6- 
§§ 5, 10 

§11 . 

§§ 12-14 
§§ 15-24 
6 25 . 



c. 51 
c. 52 



§7. 

§§ 3, 6, 12 



91 



§ 10 
§ 19 
§§ 22, 24 
§34 



c. 53 



§1- 
§§ 2, 3 
§ 16 . 
§§ 18, 
part) 



21 



§2. . 
§7. . 
§8. . 
§§ 9, 12 
§ 10 . 



R. L. 42, § 27; S. in part, 1893, 
417, § 266; 1894, 16; 1898, 
548, § 331. 

S. 1893, 417, § 290. 

R. L. 42, § 25. O. in part. 

S. 1896, 319. 

R. 1885, 161. 

O. 

R. L. 42, § 39; S. in part, 1888, 
431, § 5; 1900, 248, § 1. 

S. & R. 1897, 299 ; 1901, 250. 

S. 1882, 219. 

R. 1898, 496, § 36, except 

R. L. 43, §§ 6, 7, 10. 

R. 1894, 498, § 30. 

R. 1888, 348. 

R. 1887, 433, § 5. 

R. 1894, 508. 

R. 1898, 496, § 36. 

R. 1894, 498. 

R. L. 83, §§ 29-34, 

R. L. 48, except 

S. in part, 1883, 253. 

T. 

S. 1892, 415. 

S. in part, 1882, 96. 

S. 1887, 397. 

S. 1893, 82. 

S. 1899, 85. 

S. 1894, 175. 

S. 1890, 124. 

R. L. 49, §§ 2-5, 7. 

S. 1886, 210; 1896, 236; 251, 

§1- 
R. L. 49, § 26 ; S. as to Boston, 

1892, 402. 
R. L. 49, §§ 29, 24, 25. 
R. L.'49, §§ 37-43. 
R. L. 49, §§ 14, 45; S. in part, 

1896, 236; 251, § 1. 
R. L. 50, except 
S. in part, 1884, 237. 
R. L. 51, except 
S. in part, 1893, 423, § 23 ; 1895, 

374, § 1. 
S. 1885, 123, § 2. 
S. 1888, 114. 
O. 

Redundant. 
R. L. 52, except 
S. 1887, 162. 
O. 
S. 1892, 390. 



(in 



S. 1882, 108, §§ 1, 3. 

c. 54 R. L. 53, except 

T. 

R. L. 208, § 101. 
S. 1899, 436. 
R. 1885, 123, § 3. 
S. 1899, 330, and earlier stat- 
utes. 

c. 55 R. L. 55. 

c. 56 R. L. 56, §§ 2-28, 35, 42, 

except 
" §§ 3-12, 14-16 . O. 
« § 17 .... S. 1884, 310, § 1. 
« § 18 . . . . S. in part, 1885, 352, § 2. 
" § 19 . . . . S. 1886, 317, § 2. 
" §§ 49-87 . . . O. 
c. 57, §§ 1, 3, 4, 8, 10, R. L. 56, §§ 51, 53, 54, Gl, 
64. 

" § 2 S. 1884, 310, § 3. 

" § 5 S. 1886, 318, § 2. 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



C.57, 



c. 58 
c. 59. 



c. 60 



§6. . 
§§7,9 
§11 . 
§ 12 . 



§§ 1-5 
§6. . 

§7. . 



§§ 11-16 
§17 . 
§§ 20-22 
§§ 54, 55 
§§ 58-60 
6 69 . 



c. 61 



§71 . 
§79 . 
§§ 81-84 
§1. . 
§§ 2, 6 
§§ 3, 7, 9 
§§ 4, 5, 8, 
6 13 . 



§ 14 



10- 



12, 



c. 62 
c. 63 



c. 64 

c. 65 



c. 66 
c. 67 



c. 69 



c. 70 



c. 71 
c. 72 



c. 73 



c. 74 
c. 75 



S. 1900, 300, § 2. 

S. 1885, 352, §§ 7, 6. 

Omitted. . 

11. 1885, 145. 

R. 1894, 491. 

K. L. 57, §§ 70-74. 

n. L. 102, §§ 109, 112. 

S. & R. 1882, 250; 1885, 122, 
§1. 

R. L. 57, except 

R. 1888, 296. 

R. 1883, 29. 

S. 1884, 161 ; 1888, 414. 

R. 1894, 111. 

R. 1892, 63. 

S. 1883, 257, § 1; 1884, 307, 
§§ 1, 4. 

S. 1884, 307, § 3. 

R. 1894, 429, § 5. 

S. 1901, 423. 

S. 1889, 169. 

S. 1899, 465. 

S. 1900, 459, §§ 3-5. 

R. L. 58, §§ 3, 4, 8-11. 

R. L. 58, ^13; S. in part, 
1885, 240, § 1. 

S. 1892, 67, and earlier stat- 
utes. 
§§ 15, 17, 18 . R. L. 58, §§ 15, 18. 
§ 16 . . . . S. 1894, 316. 
§ 19 . . . . S. 1886, 346, § 7. 

R. L. 59. 

R. L. 60, except 

§§ 1-5, 16, 19 . S. 1890, 159. 

R. L. 61. 

R. L. 62, §§ 6-42, except 

§ 7 S. in part, 1890, 426, § 6. 

§ 8 S. in part, 1882, 42. 

§ 10 ... . Omitted as superfluous. 

R. L. 63, except 

§ 4 S. in part, 1890, 426, § 9. 

R. L. 64, except 

§§ 1, 5 . . . S. 1886, 289. 

§ 2 Part omitted as superfluous. 

§ 6 S. 1890, 449, § 1. 

R. L. 65, §§ 13-29, except 

§ 1 S. 1899, 260. 

§ 2 S. 1892, 331. 

§ 9 R. 1889, 457. 

R. L. 66, except 

§§ 1-4 . . . S. — U. S. Rev. Sts., §§ 4283- 
4289, et seq. 

§ 8 S. 1889, 284. 

§ 12 ... . Omitted as superfluous. 
§23 . . . . S. 1884, 269, § 1. 
§§ 26, 29, 33 . S. 1884, 173. 

R. L. 67, except 

§ 1 O. 

§ 12 .... S. 1890, 300. 
§27 . . . . S. in part, 1884, 213. 
§ 30 . . . . S. in part, 1884, 252, § 2. 
§V^ 32, 39 . . . S. 1884, 252, >J§ 4, 6. 
§ 40 . . . . Omitted as superfluous. 

R. L. 68. 

R. L. 69, except 

§2 S. 1885, 167. 

§5 S. 1886, 258. 

§§ 8, 10 . . . S. 1895, 348, ^ 1, 2. 

R. L. 70, except 

§3 S. in part, 1884, 330. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

R. L. 71, except 

§6 S. 1898, 485. 

§ n • • • • 0. 



c. 76 . . . . 

c. 77, §§ 1-3, 5-7 

" §4. 



§§ 9, 10 
§11 



§12 
§ 13 
§ 14 
§ 15 

§ 16 
§17 



" §§ 18-22 
c. 78 . . . 
c. 79, as affected 

Sts. 1884, 323 

1886, 101; 

1887, 264; 
1895, 428; 
1898, 433; 
1900, 333 . . 

" §3 



R. L. 72, §§ 2-6, 10, 12. 

R. L. 73, ^ 1-6. 

S. 1898, 533, ^ 6. 

S. 1894, 333, 427; 1895, 201. 

S. 1896, 228, 496. 

R. L. 73, § 14; S. in part, 

1898, 533, § 7. 
S. 1898, 533, ^^§ 71, 72. 
S. 1898, 533, § 66. 
S. 1898, 533, §§ 53, 58. 
R. L. 73, § 16; S. in part, 

1898, 533, §§ 17, 63. 
S. 1898, 533, §§ 96, 105. 
R. L. 73, § 14; S. in part, 

1895, 415, § 1. 
R. L. 73, §§ 9-13. 
R. L. 74. 



by 



" §9 

" § 10 .... 

" § 13 .... 

c. 80, as affected by 

Sts. 1886, 101 ; 

1898, 433 . . 

§§1,2 . . . 

§3 

§§ 4, 8, 13-15 . 
§§ 5, 6, 9, 10 . 
§7. , 
§§ 11, 16, 17 
§12 , 



§§ 18-20 
§§ 21-34 
§35 . 
§§ 36-39 
§§ 40-43 
§§44-47 
§§ 48-50 
§^1 51-55 
§§ 56-59 
§§ 60, 61 
§§ 62-68 
§ 69 . 
§§ 70-77 
§§ 78, 79 
vS^ 80-83 
§§ 8^87 



§§ 89, 91 
§ 90 
§ 92 

§§ 93-95 
§96 
§97 

§§ 98-100 
§§ 101, 102, 
§§ 103-105 
81, §§ 1, 3, 4 



82 



§3. 
^6. 
§ 16 

§17 



106, 



R. L. 84, except 

R. L. 87, § 26, in part. 

S. in part, 1898, 433, § 7. 

S. 1898, 433, § 14. 

S. 1887, 367. 

S. 1895, 428. 

S. 1894, 196. 



Mostly in R. L. 75. 

R. L. 75, §§ 4, 8. 

R. 1894, 218. 

S. 1895, 332. 

R. L. 75, § 10. 

T. 

R. L. 75, §§ 11, 13, 15. 

R. L. 75, § 66; S. in part, 

1889, 108. 
R. L. 75, §§ 14, 65. 
R. L. 75, §§ 67-83. 
O. See R. L. 75, § 81. 
R. L. 75, §§ 84-86. 
R. L. 75, §§ 42, 45, 46, 57. 
R. L. 75, §§ 87-90. 
R. L. 75, §§ 58, 47. 
R. 1894, 515. 
R. L. 75, §§ 62-64. 
R. L. 83, § 16. 
R. L. 75, §§ 131-134. 
S. 1893, 79. 

R. L. 75, §§ 35-38, 42-44. 
R. 1884, 98, § 5. 
R. L. 75, §§ 54-57. 
R. L. 75, §§ 91-94. 
S. 1888, 133 ; 1889, 193, § 1. 
S. 1889, 193, § I. 
R. L. 75, § 97. 
S. 1893, 106. 
R. L. 75, §§ 109, 110. 
S. in part, 1896, 252, § 1. 
R. L. 75, § 125. 
R. 1884, 154. 
R. L. 75, §§ 130, 140. 
R. 1891, 120. 
S. & R. 1891, 185. 
S. 1898, 479, § 2. 
R. L. 78, except 
S. 1885, 302. 
S. 1883, 142 ; 1889, 299. 
O. in part. 
S. in part, 1884, 186. 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XI 



c. 82, 
c. 83 



c. 84 



§§ 19, 24-28 . S. & R. 1885, 278. 

R. L. 80, except 

^^ 1, 6 ... S. in part, 1898, 425, §§ 1, 2. 
T. in part. 

R. L. 81, except 

" ^ 3 S. 1893, 197, § 1. 

" |§ 6, 7 . . . S. 1898, 425, §§ 3, 4. 

" ^ 17 . . . . S. 1887, 310, § 3; .1890, 71; 

1898, 354. 

" §§ 18, 29 . . . S. 1891, 90. 

" I 19 . . . . R. 1895, 445, § 4. 

c. 85 R. L. 82, except 

" § 1 S. 1885, 289. 

" §2 S. 1900, 129. 

" § 6 S. 1891, 367. 

" ^ J 9, 10, 12 . . S. in part, 1885, 384, § 5. 

" §U . . . . S. 1898, 157. 
c. 86, as affected by 
Sts. 1884,323; 
1887, 264; 
1898, 433; 
1900, 333 
" ^ 1-12 
" 613 . 



§ 14 



16 



§17 . 

^21 . 
§§ 25, 26, 
f§ 28, 29 
^7 . 

HO . 

§§ 44-47 



31 



R. L. 85, except 

Omitted as inoperative. 

R. 1884, 297, § 1. 

R. L. 85, §§2,S; S. in part, 

1884, 297, § 2. 
R. L. 85, ^§6, 8; S. in part, 

1891, 299. 
S. 1891, 299. 

S. in part, 1884, 297, § 3. 
S. 1891, 84. 
S. 1885, 211. 
R. 1883, 239, § 7. 
S. 1884, 258, § 1. 
R. L. 85, J 2; S. in part, 1891, 

299. 
R. L. 83, §§ 21-24; S. in part, 

1882, 181, § 1. 



c. 87, as affected by 

Sts. 1886, 101 ; 

1887, 264; 

1898, 433 ; 

1900, 333 . . R. L. 87, except 

" §1 S. 1886, 101, § 4; 1898, 433, 

§13. 

§ 4 S. in part, 1884, 149. 

§ 8 R. 1901, 303. 

§9 S. 1887, 170. 

§ 12 . . . . S. 1894, 195. 

I 13 . . . . S. & R. 1892, 229 ; 1895, 286, 

§3. 

§ 14 . . . . R. 1892, 53, § 2. 

§ 23 . . . . S. in part, 1894, 493. 

§ 25 .... S. 1890, 414, § 1. 

I 26 .... S. 1898, 438. 

l§ 32, 33 . . . S. in part, 1900, 451, § 1. 

§ 36 . . . . S. 1898, 433, § 15. 

§ 37 . . . . S. in part, 1887, 239. 

§§ 47-49, 51 . . R. 1887, 207, § 2. 

§ 55 .... S. in part, 1883, 239. 

§ 56 .... S. in part, 1886, 298, § 4. 
as affected by 

Sts. 1884, 323'; 

1886, 101 ; 

1887, 264; 
1895, 428; 
1898, 433 . . R. L. 85, except 

§1 R. 1884, 297, § 1. 

I 2 R. L. 85, §j 6, 28; S. in part, 

1891, 299. 

§3 R. L. 85, § 2; S. in part, 1884, 

297. 

§ 5 S. in part, 1897, 395, § 4 ; 1898, 

443. 



c. 89, as affected by 
Sts. 1884, 323 ; 

1886, 101 ; 

1887, 264 ; 
1895, 428 ; 
1898, 433 ; 

1900, 333 . . R. L. 86, except 

" §§3-7. . . . R. 1895, 428. 

" § 15 .... S. in part, 1884, 323, §§ 1, 3. 

" I 20 . . . . S. in part, 1883, 110. 

" § 21 . . . . S. in part, 1882, 127, § 1. 

" §§ 22-28,34. . S. in part, 1884, 323, §§l,3; 
1895, 428, §§ 1, 4. 

" §31 .... S. in part, 1890, 440, § 3. 

" § 45 . . . . S. 1889, 123. 

" § 47 . . . . R. L. 225, §§ 88, 104. 

" §§ 49, 51 . . . R. 1888, 248, § 2. 

c. 90 R. 1887, 252, § 24. 

c. 91 R. L. 91, except 

" § 4 S. 1899, 103. 

" § 7 S. 1900, 344. 

" §12, in part, 

and §§ 13-16, R. 1885, 109. 

" § 17 . . . . S. & R. in part, 1885, 109 ; 
1886, 248, § 2. 

" § 31 . . . . S. 1890, 231. 

" ^ 33 . . . . S. in part, 1895, 88, § 2. 

" §§ 40, 54, 60 . S. in part, 1899, 360. 

" HI • • • • S. in part, 1884, 199, § 2. 

" §§ 51, 53 . . . S. in part, 1884, 171; 1890, 193. 

" § 56 .... S. 1893, 80. 

" ^ 59 . . . . S. 1891, 128. 

" ^ 68 . . . . S. 1889, 39i. 

" ^ 70 . . . . S. in part, 1893, 205, § 1. 

«' §§ 73-75 . . . R. 1901, 290. 

" § 79 . . . . S. in part, 1886, 192 ; 1893, 205. 

" § 80 . . . . S. 1886, 192, § 3. 

" §§ 81, 82 . . . S. 1882, 98. 

" § 84 .... S. 1884, 212, § 1. 

" § 85 .... S. 1899, 360. 

" § 94 .... S. 1892, 74. 

" § 97 .... S. in part, 1884, 284. 

" § 100 .... S. in part, 1886, 299, §§ 2, 3. 

" § 104 . . . . S. 1898, 205. 

c. 92 R. 1886, 276, § 11. 

c. 93 R. L. 54, except 

" §5 Omitted as superfluous. 

c. 94 R. L. 93, except 

" §5 S. in part, 1882, 274, §2; 1883, 

183, § 1. 

c. 95 R. L. 94, except 

" §3 O. 

c. 96 R. L. 95. 

c. 97 R. 1887, 98, § 16. 

c. 98 R. L. 98, except 

" §§ 1, 2 . . . R. 1895, 434, § 5. 

" § 3 R. 1887, 391, § 4. 

" §§ 13, 15 . . . S. in part, 1887, 391, § 3. 

c. 99, §§ 1, 2, 10 . . S. 1895, 419, §§ 11, 12, 14. 

" §§ 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 

11 .... R. L. 214, §§ 1-6. 

" §5 R. L. 99, § 3. 

" §8 S. 1885, 342, § 1. 

c. 100 R. L. 100, except 

" § 1 S. 1894, 489. 

" §2 S. &R. in part, 1887, 431, § 6; 

1896, 397, § 10. 

" §3 R. 1887, 431, § 6. 

" §§ 5, 16 . . . S. in part, 1885, 83; 323, § 2. 

" §6 S. in part, 1882, 222; 1885, 

323, § 2 ; 1894, 428, § 4. 

" §7 S. in part, 1887, 323. 

" $9 S. in part, 1884, 158; 1885, 90; 

1891, 369 ; 1896, 272 ; 1901, 87. 



Xll 



DISPOSITION 3IADP: OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



c. 100, § 10 . . . . S. in part, 1896, 397, ^^ 13. 
" ^Ul . . . . S. 1888, 341. 
" ^U3 .... S. in part, 1882, 259, § 2; 1885, 

83 ; 323, § 2 ; 1888, 283 ; 1894, 

428, ^S 4. 
" ^U8 . . . . S. 1889, 114. 
" ^<i 24 . . . . S. 1889, 390. 
" I 27 .... S. 1888, 219. 
" I 28 . . . . S. 1885, 83; 323, § 2; 1894, 428. 
" §29 . . . . S. & R. in part, 1885, 224; 

1886, 175. 
" ^§ 30, 33 . . . S. in part, 1887, 406. 
" § 38 .... S. 1887, 53. 
" § 45 .... S. 1887, 206. 

c. 101 R. L. 101. 

c. 102 R. L. 102, except 

" § 2 S. 1894, 235. 

" ^S 4 R. 1890, 73, § 2. 

" § 12 .... S. 1885, 358. 

" § 13 .... S. in part, 1884, 169. 

" § 21 . . . . S. 1893, 292. 

" §22 .... O. 

" § 23 . . . . R. 1893, 292, § 2. 

" §§27-29,32, 111, S. in part, 1885, 323, § 2. 

" § 35 .... S. 1888, 243. 

" § 38 .... O. 

" § 39 . . . . S. 1890, 230. 

" §§ 49, 50 . . . R. L. 105, §§ 7, 8; S. in part, 

1895, 449, §§ 9, 10. 
" §§ 51-53 . . . R. L. 105, §§ 9-11. 
" § 73 .... S. in pai-t, 1894, 399. 
" § 82 . . . . S. 1890, 72. 
" § 83 . . ., . S. in pai-t, 1886, 101, § 4. 
'< § 84 . . . . S. 1886, 259, § 2. 
" § 86 .... S. 1884, 185. 
" § 87 . . . . S. 1901, 120. 
" § 88 . . . . R. L. 208, § 38. 
" § 98 . . . . S. 1889, 454, § 1. 
" § 115 .... S. 1894, 353. 
" §119. . . . S. 1893, 396, § 34; 1894, 431. 
" § 124 . . . . S. in part, 1882, 258; 1885, 

323, § 2. 

c. 103 R. L. 108, except 

" §§ 1, 2 ... R. L. 108, §§ 1, 7; R. & S. in 

part, 1884, 190; 1885, 186; 

1888, 113; 1894,481, § 1, and 

earlier statutes; 189,5, 396; 

418, § 8; 1896, 546, § 4; 

1898, 261. 

" § 5 S. 1887, 127. 

" § 7 S. 1898, 486. 

" §9 0. 

" § 10 .... S. 1887, 218. 
" § 11 . . . . R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
" § 15 . . . . S. in part, 1883, 65. 
c. 104, §§ 1-14, 21, 22, 

24 .... R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
" §§ 15-20 . . . R. 1888, 426, § 14. 
" § 23 . . . . S. 1882, 266, § 4. 

c. 105 R. L. 109, except 

" § 8 S. 1898, 336. 

" §§ 14, 15 . . . R. 1889, 222, § 1. 

" §§ 18, 19 . . . R. 1894, 350, § 3. 

" § 28 .... R. L. 126, § 9. 

" § 30 . . . . R. L. 109, § 42. Redundant 

in part. 

c. 106 R. L. 110, except 

" § 2 R. L. 5, § 11. 

" § 5 Omitted as covered by R. L. 

109, §§ 2, 3. 

" § 7 S. in part, 1899, 191, >,^ 1. 

" § 11 . . . . S. 1891, 189. 
" § 13 . . . . S. 1888, 116. 
" § 31 . . . . R. L. 109, § 18. 



c. 106, §§ 39-41 
" § 54 . . 

" §§ 59, 60 . 

" §§ 75, 76 . 
" §84 . . 



c. 107 



2 



c. 108, §§ 1-3 .. . 

" §§4,5 . . . 

'M6 

c. 109 

" H 

" H 

" §7 

c. no 

" §M>2 . . . 

« §§7,8 . . . 
c. Ill 

" §4 

c. 112 

" U 



§6. 

§ 10 

§25 
§33 
6 54 



§ 58, 59 
60 . 



§61 

§62 

§81 

§87 
§91 
'S 115 



§§ 129, 130, 132, 



" § 131 . . . . 

" § 138 . . . . 

" § 141 . . . . 

" § 163 . . . . 

" §§ 166, 167 . . 

" § 171 • • • • 

" § 179 . . . . 

" §§ 192-194 . . 

" § 204 . . . . 

" §207 . . . . 

" § 214 . . . . 

c. 113 

" §§ 7, 21-24, 32, 

44, 45 . . . 



5j o . 
§11 



§15 
§16 



R. 1894, 472, § 3. 

R. L. 110, § 51; S. in part, 

1887, 225 ; 1896, 369. 
S. 1898, 266 ; 503, § 1. 
S. 1896, 544, §§ 1, 2. 

R. L. 110, § 86; S. in part, 
1895, 169 ; 1896, 523, § 2. 

R. L. 110, §§ 2, 12, 72-75, ex- 
cept 

S. in part, 1886, 101, § 4. 

R. L. 55, §§ 9-11. 

R. L. 52, § 31. 

0. 

R. L. 122, except 

Omitted as redundant. 

S. 1884, 306, § 1. 

S. 1893, 274. 

R. L. 123, §§ 41-53, except 

O. 

R. 1894, 472, § 3. 

R. L. 123, except 

S. 1897, 496, § 7. 

R. L. Ill, except 

R. L. Ill, § 1; S. in part, 1892, 
110; 1898, 578, §1. 

R. L. Ill, § 6. Omitted in 
part as covered by R. L. 
109, §§ 2, 3. 

R. L. Ill, §9; S. & R. in 
part, 1885, 119, 224; 1890. 
200; 1900, 406; 1901, 54. 

S. 1883, 195; 1898, 374; 1901, 
286. 

R. L. Ill, § 34; S. in part- 
1882, 265, § 3. 

R. L. HI, § 57; R. in part, 

1888, 188. 

R. 1893, 315, § 3. 

S. 1894, 502. 

R. L. Ill, § 62; S. in part, 

1894, 350, 462. 
R. L. Ill, § 63; S. in part, 

1887, 191. 
R. L. Ill, §83; S. & R. in 

part, 1889, 328, §§ 1, 3. 
T. 

S. 1884, 134. 
R. L. Ill, § 120; S. in part, 

1882, 162. 
R. L. Ill, §§ 134-137; S. in 

part, 1885, 194, §§ 2, 3, 5; 

1890, 428. 
S. 1885, 194, § 4 ; 1887, 295. 
R. L. Ill, § 143; S. in part. 

1897, 264. 
S. 1901, 368. 
S. 1890, 173. 
S. 1883, 117; 1888, 240. 
R. L. Ill, § 210; S. in part, 

1882, 54, § 1. 

R. L. Ill, §221; S. in part. 

1883, 125. 

R. 1893, 210, § 4. 

S. 1890, 332. 

S. 1884, 5 ; 1899, 252. 

S. 1895, 293. 

R. L. 112, except 

R. 1898, 578, § 26. 
S. 1898, 578, § 27. 
R. L. 112, § 17; S. in part, 

1889, 210. 
S. 1887, 366. 

R. 1893, 315, § 3. 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



xm 



c. 113, § 18 

" §27 

" §37 
" §40 

" 6 42 



" §§ 46, 47 
c. 114 . , 

" §2. 



" § 18 
c. 115 . . 

" §3. 

" §7. 



" §§ 8-12 
c. 116 . . . 
c. 117 . . . 

" §1. . 
" §3. . 



§5 



§§ 9, 16, 19 



c. 118 
c. 119 . 
c. 120 . 
c. 121 . 
c. 122 . 
c. 123 . 
c. 124, { 



10 
13 

§15 



§4 



1, 3, 14 
2, 5-13, 15 



" § 16 

" § 17 

" .§ 18 
c. 125 . . 
c. 126 . . 

" §§5,6 

" § 13 
c. 127 . . 

" §§ 15-17 

" §§ 18, 19 



33 
34 



c. 128 . . 

c. 129, § 1 
" §§ 2-4, 
» §§ 5-9 

c. 130 . . 
'< § 1 . 
" §§2,8 
'< §4. 
" §12 

" §13 
c. 131 . . 
c. 132 . . 

" §2. 
c. 133, § 1 



10 



11 



R. L. 112, § 26; S. in part, 

1897, 269, § 2. 

R. L. 112, § 40; R. in part, 

1898, 578, § 26. 
S. 1901, 452. 

S. 1892, 228; 1895, 426. 
Omitted by committee on re- 
vision. 
Omitted as special. 
R. L. 124, except 
S. 1891, 124. 
S. 1901, 58. 
S. 1897, 496, § 8. 
R. L. 125, except 
S. 1890, 191. 
R. L. 125, § 8; S. in part, 

1896, 96; 1897, 97; 1901, 96. 
R. 1888, 429, § 21. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. L. 114, except 
S. 1890, 243. 
R. L. 110, § 16; S. in part, 

1883, 98, § 1. 
R. L. 114, § 4; S. in part, 

1887, 216, § 1. 
S. & R. 1882, 251, § 1 ; 1887, 

216, § 6. 
S. 1882, 251, § 1; 1887, 216, 

§ 5; 1898, 247, §§ 2, 3. 
S. 1890, 78. 
S. 1889, 159, § 1; 1894, 342, 

§1. 
S. 1896, 285. 
R. L. 115. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. L. 127. 
R. L. 129. 
R. L. 130. 
R. L. 131. 
R. 1899, 479, § 13 ; 1900, 450, 

§ 10. 
R. L. 132, §§ 2-14. 
R. L. 132, § 3; S. in part, 

1900, 450. 
R. L. 185, § 1. 
S. 1899, 234. 
S. 1900, 450. 
R. L. 133. 
R. L. 134, except 
S. 1885, 236. 
S. 1897, 463. 
R. L. 135, except 
R. L. 136, §§ 10-12. 
R. 1899, 479, § 13 ; 1900, 450, 

§ 10. 
Omitted as redundant. 
R. L. 156, § 5; R. in part, 

1891, 415. 
R. L. 140, ^6 4-9. 
S. 1901, 142. 
R. L. 136, ij^<. 4-6, 9. 
R. L. 149, ^^S 1-3, 12. 
R. L. 137, except 
R. in part, 1890, 265, § 2. 
R. L. 149, §1. 
S. 1885, 242. 
R. L. 137, § 10; S. in part, 

1899, 301. 
S. 1899, 311. 
R. L. 138. 

R. L. 139, except 
S. 1888, 148, § 1. 
R. L. 162, ^N 43. 
Omitted as superfluous. 



c. 


133, § 5 . 




" §§ 6-10 


c. 


134 . . . 




i^ . . . 




" § 16 . 




" § 19 . 


c. 


135 . . . 


c. 


136 . . . 


c. 


137. . . 




" § 12 . 



c. 138 . 
c. 139 . 

" § 3 

" §5 

" §6 

" §8 

" § 16 

" §20 

" §§ 22-28 

" §39 
c. 140 . . 

" §1- 
" § 13 



13 



" § 18 
c. 141 . . 

" §§12 

" § 16 

" §§ 17-19 

" § 23 

" §27 

" §28 
c. 142 . . 

" § 14 

" § 23 
c. 143 . . 

" §§1,2 

" § 19 
c. 144 . . 

- §6. 

" §§ 10, 15 

" §§13,14 



c. 145 . . 
" § 16 
" 6 22 



26 



" § 24 
" §§25, 
c. 146 . . 
" §3. 
" §6. 



§ 10 
§ 19 
§§ 24-26 
§§ 33, 36 

§34 . 
§35 . 

§1- '. 
§3. . 

§6. . 

§11 . 
§ 13 . 

6 20 . 



c. 147 



R. L. 173, § 5. 

R. L. 150, §§ 7-11. 

R. L. 146, except 

Omitted as superfluous. 

S. 1888, 148, § 2. 

S. 1901, 315. 

S. 1895, 140. 

R. 1899, 479, § 13; 1900, 450, 

^ 10. 
R. L. 141. 
R. L. 142, except 
R. L. 142, § 12; S. in part, 

1885, 384, § 5. 
R. L. 143. 
R. L. 145, except 
S. 1899, 178, § 2. 
S. 1898, 1.38. 
R. 1900, 345, § 6. 
S. 1897, 173. 
S. 1890, 259. 
S. 1900, 232. 
R. L. 149, §§ 1, 4-7, 35. 
R. L. 146, § 25. 
R. L. 146, except 
S. 1899, 147. 
R. L. 146, § 5. Omitted in 

part. 
S. 1885, 258. 
R. L. 147, except 
R. L. 149, § 1, cl. 7. 
S. 1891, 339. 
R. L. 149, §§ 4, 7, 6. 
S. 1889, 66. 
S. 1891, 415. 
R. L. 162, § 7. 
R. L. 148, except 
S. 1889, 266. 
S. 1888, 420. 

R. L. 149, §§ 9-34, except 
S. 1901, 463. 
S. 1897, 131. 
R. L. 150, except 
S. 1900, 147. 
Omitted as redundant. 
S. & R. 1889, 466; 1895, 288, 

§2. 
R. L. 151, except 
R. L. 151, § 16. O. in part. 
R. L. 151, § 30; S. in part, 

1894,409, § 5; 1899,387, § 1. 
S. 1892, 300. 
R. 1896, 306, § 3. 
R. L. 152, except 
O. 
R. L. 152, § 6; S. in part, 

1887, 332, § 1. 
S. 1885, 384. 
S. 1890, 370. 
S. 1882, 223. 
Omitted as inoperative. 
R. L. 152, §§ 29, 30; S. in part, 

1887, 332, § 1. 
R. L. 173, § 106. 
S. 1885, 384, § 3. 
R. L. 153, except 
S. 1889, 204. 
R. L. 1,53, § 3; S. in part, 

1884, 132, § 1. 
S. & R. 1884, 301; 1899.479, 

§ 13 ; 1900, 450, ^ 10. 
S. 1898, 416. 
fl. L. 153, § 12; S. in part, 

1887, 332, § 2. 
S. 1890, 105. 



XIV 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



26- 



c. 147, §§31, 32, 36 

c. 148 . . 

" § 14 

c. 149 . . 

" §'2-2 
" ,^23 
c. 150, §§ 1-3 
" §4 
" §5. 

" §6, 

" §^7-13 

" § 14 

" §15 

" § 16 

" §§18-20,24, 
29 . . 

" §§ 21-23, 25 

" §§ 30-32, 34-36 

" § 33 

" ^7 

" § 38 

" §39 
c. 151 . . 

" §27 

" I 33 
c. 152 . . 

'Ml- 

<' §6. . 

" §10 . 
" §11 . 

- §17 ■ 
" § 18 . 

" §§ 19-23 

" § 24 . 

" § 28 . 
c. 153, §§ 1, 4 

" §§ 2, 3 

" §§ 5, 6 

« §7. . 



" §9. . 

" ?M0, 11 

" §12 

" § 13 

" § 14 

" § 15 

" § 16 

" § 17 

" §§18, 

" §20 

" §21 

" §§ 22-28 
154, §§ 1-3 

" §§4-8. 

" §9 



19 



§ 10 . 

§11 . 

§ 12 . 
§§ 13-15 

§ 16 . 

§17 . 

§ 18 . 

6 19 . 



R. L. 153, §§ 31, 32, 37; S. in 

part, 1887, 332, § 2. 
R. L. 154, except 
S. in part, 1897, 89. 
R. L. 155, except 
Omitted as superfluous. 
R. L. 79, § 24. 
R. L. 156, §§ 1-3. 
S. 1897, 224. 
R. L. 156, § 5 ; S. in part, 1891, 

379, § 13. 
S. 1892, 169, § 2. 
R. L. 156, §§ 6-12. 
S. 1883, 223, § 15. 
Superfluous. See § 11. 
R. L. 173, § 115; 219, § 36. 
R. L. 156, § 14. 

R. 1891, 379, § 14. 

R. 1886, 339. 

R. L. 156, §§ 15, 16, 21-24. 

O. 

Superfluous. 

R. L. 156, § 25. 

R. 1888, 274, § 3. 

R. L. 159, except 

S. 1895, 116, § 1. 

R. L. 158, § 3. 

R. L. 157, Except 

R. L. 157, § 1 ; S. in part, 

1886, 31. 
R. L. 157, § 7; S. in part, 

1891, 379, § 1. 
R. 1892, 169, § 2. 
R. L. 173, § 96; 219, § 32. 
R. 1892, 105. 

As amended, R. L. 157, § 24. 
R. L. 157, § 27; R. in part, 

1885, 134, § 3. 
R. 1897, 490, § 9. 
R. 1887, 183. 
R. 1882, 205, § 2. 
R. L. 158, §§ 1, 3. 
R. L. 166, §§ 1, 2. 
R. L. 173, §§ 80, 112. 
R. L. 173, § 114. 
R. L. 173, §§ 76, 106; 219, 

§§ 31, 35; S. in part, 1895, 

153, § 1. 
It. L. 165, § 19; 173, § 106; 

S. in part, 1895, 153, § 1. 
R.L. 173, §§ 107,79; 219, §35. 
R. 1895, 469, § 4. 
R. L. 173, § 110; 219, §35. 
R. L. 173, § 120. 
R. L. 173, § 117; 219, § 37. 
R. L. 156, §§ 15, 19. 
R. L. 165, § 18. 
S. 1885, 384. 
R. L. 177, § 4. 
R. L. 166, § 3. 
R. L. 158, §§ 7-9, 12-15. 
R. L. 160, §§ 1-3. 
S. 1893, 396, §§ 2-6. 
S. 1888, 352. 
S. 1893, 396, § 10. 
S. 1893, 396. 
R. L. 166, § 1. 
S. 1893, 396, § 13. 
R. L. 167, § 27; S. in part, 

1893, 396, § 17. 
S. 1893, 396, § 34. 
S. 1893, 396, §§ 34, 36. 
S. 1893, 396, § 38. 



154, § 20 




. S. 1893, 396, § 40. 


" §21 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 42. 


" §22 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 43. 


" §23 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 54. 


" §24 




. . S. 1888, 285. 


" § 25 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 55. 


" §26 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 66. 


" §27 




. . S. 1893, 396, §§ 8, 59. 


" § 28 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 46. 


" § 29 




. R. 1893, 396, § 69; 1894, 43L 


" § 30 




. . R. 1888, 415. 


" §31 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 46. 


" §32 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 17. 


" § 33 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 8. 


" §34 




. . R. 1887, 438, § 8. 


" §35 




. R. & S. in part, 1890, 204. 
§ 2 ; 1893, 396, 6 9. 


" §36 




. R. 1888, 180. 


" §37 




. R. 1890, 440. 


" §38 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 7. 


" §39 




. . S. 1893, 396, §§ 24, 47. 


" § 40 




. . S. 1893, 396, § 30. 


" §41 




. S. 1893, 396, § 31. 


" § 42 




. R. L. 160, § 4. 


" § 43 




. . R. L. 160, § 49. 


" §44 




. . R. L. 160, § 51. 


" § 45 




. . R. L. 160, § 52. 


" §46 




. R. L. 167, § 2. 


" §47 




. S. 1893, 396, §§ 17, 46. 


" §§48,^ 


19. 


. R. L. 167, § 2. 


" § 50 




. S. 1893, 396, § 34. 


" §§51, 


J4. 


. R. 1900, 433, § 3. 


" § 52 




. . S. 1893, 396, §' 25. 


" § 53 




. R. L. 160, § 48; S. in part. 




1893, 396, § 9. 


" § 55 . . 


. S. 1882, 41. 


" §§ 56, 57 . 


. R. L. 160, §§ 56, 57. 


" §§ 58, 59 . 


. R. L. 160, §§ 9, 58, 59, 67. 


" §60 . . 


. R. L. 167, § 2. 


" §61 . . 


. R. L. 219, § 24. 


" §62 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 60. 


" §63 . . 


. R. 1895, 457, § 6. 


" §64, asamer 


ided, R. L. 160, § 67. 


" §§ 65, 66 . 


. S. 1893, 396, § 11. 


" §67 . . 


. R. 1893, 396, § 69. 


155, § 1 . 




. R. L. 166, § 2. 


" §2. . 




. R. L. 161, § 2. 


" §3. . 




. R. 1885, 141, § 2. 


" §4. . 




. S. 1884, 286. 


" §§5-7. 




. R. L. 161, §§ 1, 5, 6. 


" §8. . 




. S. 1890, 202. 


" §§ 9, 10-16 


. R. L. 161, §§ 7, 9-15. 


" §§ 17, 18 . 


. R. L. 167, §§ 15, 23. 


" § 19 . . 


. R. L. 170, § 9. 


'< §§ 20, 21 . 


. R. L. 161, §§ 16, 18. 


" § 22 . . 


. R. L. 173, § 54. 


" §23 . . 


. R. L. 173, § 11. 


" §§ 24-26 . 


. R. L. 161, §§ 19-21. 


"-§27 . . 


. R. L. 173, § 21. 


" §§ 28-;33 . 


. R. L. 173, §§ 97-101. 


" § 34 . . 


. R. L. 157, § 22 ; 173, § 103. 


" § 35 . . 


. R. L. 173, § 23. 


" §36 . . 


. R. L. 173, § 72. 


" §§ 37-48 . 


. R. L. 161, §§ 22-33. 


" §§ 49-52 . 


. R. L. 161, §§ 35-38. 


" §53 . . 


. R. L. 161, §§ 40, 41. 


" §54 . . 


. R. L. 161, § 42. 


" §55 . . 


. R. L. 161, § 36. 


" § 56 . . 


. R. L. 161, § 44. 


' §57 . . 


. Superfluous. See R. L. 217, 




§§ 22, 41. 


' §58 . . 


. R. L. 219, § 22. 


' §59 . . 


. R. L. 219, § 23. 


' §60 . 




. R. L. 219, § 25. 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XV 



c. 155, ^ 61 . 

" §§ 62-65 

" § 66 . 

" §67 . 

" §§ 68-73 

" § 74 . 

" §75 . 

" §76 . 

" §77 . 

" §78 . 

" § 79 . 

•' 6 80 . 



c. 156 



§§ 4, 29 
^^7,8 
§§ 9, 13 
§ 19 
§23 
§44 



48 



c. 157 



§ 16 
§31 
§34 
§§ 36, 91 
§93 
§ 112 
§ 116 
5 120 



§§ 131, 132 
§ 136 . . 
§§ 137, 138 
§ 139 
6 143 



c. 158 



§4 
§5 



10 
18 
23 



c. 159 



§7. 
§ 13 
§§ 27, 28, 30 



29 . 
31 . 

33 . 

34 . 

§ 47, 49, 
48 . 



63 
67 



69 



c. 160 



" §§8,10,11 

" §9. . 
161, §§ 1-3 

" §§ 4-10 

" §§ 11-22 

" § 23 . 

" §§ 24, 25 

" §§ 26-53 

" §§ 54-60 

" § 61 . 

" § 62 . 

" §§ 63-68 

" § 69 . 



59 



R. L. 219, § 22. 
R. L. 219, §§ 27-30. 
R. L. 161, § 47. 

L. 166, § 1. 

L. 161, §§ 48-53. 

L. 161, § 55. 

L. 161, § 57. 

L. 161, § 8. 

L. 161, § 58. 
R. 1887, 438, § 8. 
R. L. 161, § 60. 
Superfluous. 
R. L. 162, except 
S. 1891, 415. 
S. 1888, 290, §§ 1, 2. 
S. 1890, 261, §§ 1, 2. 
S. 1895, 116, §§ 1, 2. 
R. L. 166, § 1. 
R. L. 162, § 54; S. in part, 

1887, 217. 
As amended, R. L. 162, § 60. 
R. L. 163, except 
S. 1893, 405, § 1. 
S. 1899, 178, § 4. 
S. in part, 1890, 420, § 1. 
S. in part, 1885, 384, § 5. 
S. 1886, 322. 

S. 1890, 431 ; R. 1895, 209, § 2. 
S. 1893, 405, § 3. 
S. 1893, 405, § 4 ; R. 1894, 30, 

O. 

S. 1897, 124. 

R. 1895, 394, § 9. 

S. 1892, 359. 

S. in part, 1897, 89. 

R. L. 164, except 

S. 1899, 345, § 1. 

R. L. 164, §§6, 8; S. in part, 

1899, 345, § 2. 
S. 1894, 199. 
S. 1898, 548, § 274. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
R. L. 165, except 
S. 1898, 548, § 274. 
S. 1894, 228. 
S. 1887, 291, § 1; 1888, 257, 

§ 4; 1891, 236. 
As amended, R. L. 165, § 34. 
As amended, R. L. 165, § 35. 
S. 1898, 38. 
R. 1897, 508, § 4. 
Omitted as superfluous. 
R. 1883, 216. 
S. 1889, 471, § 4. 
S. 1888, 357, § 1. 
S. 1887, 243. 
R. L. 165, § 76; S. in part, 

1882, 245, § 3 ; 1883, 54. 
R. 1887, 24, § 4. 
R. L. 166, except 
R. 1885, 345, § 9. 
R. 1886, 45, § 2. 
R. L. 167, §§ 1, 10, 11. 
R. L. 167, §§ 4-9. 
R. L. 167, §§ 13-20. 
R. L. 167, §§ 21, 24. 
R. L. 173, §§ 39, 40. 
R. L. 167, §§ 26-56. 
R. L. 167, §§ 57, 111-115. 
R. L. 167, § 58. 
R. 1889, 401. 
R. L. 167, §§ 60-65. 
R. L. 167, § 45. 



c. 161, § 70 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 46. 






§§ 71-87 . 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 66-81. 




" 


§88 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 80. 




" 


§§ 89-103 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 82-96. 




" 


§ 104 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 128. 




" 


§§ 105-109 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 97-100. 




" 


§§ 110, 111 


. . R. L. 167, § 101. 




" 


§ 112 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 102. 




(1 


§ 113 . . 


. . S. 1900, 447, § 1. 




<( 


§§ 114-116 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 104-106. 




" 


§ 117 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 102. 




" 


§§ 118-119 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 107, 108. 




« 


§ 120 . . 


. . R. 1900, 447, § 3. 




" 


§ 121 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 110. 




" 


§§ 122-125 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 116-119. 




" 


§§ 126-128 


. . R. L. 167, §§ 121-123. 




" 


§ 129 . . 


. . R. L. 167, § 125. 




c. 162, §§ 1-4 . 


. . R. L. 168, §§ 1-5. 




" 


§5. . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 26. 




" 


§6. . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 6. 




(( 


§7. . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 7; S. in 
1897, 466, § 1. 


part, 


" 


§§ 8-13 . 


. . R. L. 168, §§ 8-13. 




" 


§14 . . 


. . S. 1897, 466. 




" 


§15 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 15. 




" 


§ 16 . . 


. . R. L. 168, §. 16; S. in 
1897, 466, § 1. 


part, 


" 


§17 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 17; S. in 
1888, 419, § 1. 


part, 


" 


§ 18 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 18; S. in 


part, 






1888, 419, § 2; 1889 
§1. 
. . R. L. 168, § 19. 


415, 


« 


§19 . . 




" 


§ 20 . . 


. . S. 1889, 415, § 3. 




(( 


§§ 21-24, 2( 


>. . R. L. 168, §§ 22-25, 27. 




11 


§25 . . 


. . S. 1888, 419, § 4. 




" 


§27 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 29; S. in 


part, 






1888, 419, § 5 ; 1889, 41 


5, §5. 


" 


§ 28 . . 


. . S. 1888, 419, § 6. 




" 


§§ 29, 30 . 


. . R. L. 168, §§ 31, 32. 




** 


§31 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 33 ; S. in 
1888, 419, § 7. 


part, 


" 


§§ 32, 33 . 


. . R. L. 168, §§ 34, 35. 




" 


§34 . , 


. . S. 1888, 419, § 9. 




K 


§§ 35-53 . 


. . R. L. 168, §§ 37-56. 




" 


§ 54 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 57; S. in 
1888, 419, § 10. 


part, 


" 


§§ 55-66 . 


. . R. L. 168, §§ 58-67. 




" 


§67 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 69. 




" 


§68 . . 


. . R. L. 168, §§42, 75; S. in 
1888, 419, § 13. 


part, 


" 


§69 . . 


. . R. L. 168, § 77. 




c. 163 . . . . 


. . R. L. 169, except 




a 


§11 . . 


. . Omitted as superfluous. 




" 


§12 . . 


. . S. 1884, 260. 




c. 164 . . . . 


. . R. L. 170, except 




u 


§§6,7 . 


. . S. 1894, 384; 1885, 384, § 


3. 


c. 165 . . . . 


. . R. L. 171. 




c. 166 . . . . 


. . R. L. 172. 




c. 16 


7, §1 . . 


. . R. L. 173, § 1. 




" 


§§ 2, 3 . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 6, 7. 




a 


§4. . . 


. . R. L. 173, § 3. 




(( 


§5. . . 


. . Superfluous. 




" 


§§6,7 . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 8, 9. 




" 


§8. . . 


. . S. 1894, 405. 




" 


§§ 9, 10 . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 11, 12. 




" 


§11 . . 


. . R. L. 173, § 14. 




« 


§ 12 . . 


. . R. L. 173, § 16. 




'< 


§§ 13-15 . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 18-20. 




u 


§ 16 . . 


. . R. L. 173, § 22. 




<< 


§§ 17-20 . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 24-27. 




<< 


§21 . . 


. . R. L. 173, § 86. 




i( 


§§ 22-24 . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 29-31. 




" 


§25 . . 


. . R. L. 173, §§ 13, 15, 49. 





XVI 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



c. 167, §^ 26-29 

" ^S^^ 30-35 

" ^36 . 

" §§ 37-39 

" § 40 . 

" § 41 . 

" § 42 . 

" §§ 43-45 

" ^Sv^ 46, 47 

" § 48 . 

'< l§ 49-66 

" §67 . 

" § 68 . 

" § 69 . 

" § 70 . 

" sH^71,72 

" §7S . 

" §§ 74, 75 

" II 76-79 

" ^ 80 

" §81 

" §§82, 

" § 84 

" §§85 

" §90 

" §§91 

" 5 93 



83 



-89 



92, 



168 
169 



c. 170 



§1. 

§§7,8 

§ 41 

§57 

§66 

§§69, 



c. 171 



§2. 
§6. 
§ 16 
§§ 23- 

§47 



-32 



§§1-3 

§7. 
§§ 52, 
6 54 



53 



c. 172 



22 

§45 
§49 
§58 



c. 173 
c. 174 



c. 175 



§ 13 



§1 
§3 



c. 176 
c. 177 
c. 178 



§§6-8 



§2 
§6 



c. 179 



94 



10 



R. L. 173, §§ 33-36. 

R. L. 173, §§ 41-46. 

Superfluous. 

R. L. 173, § 51. 

R, L. 173, § 47. 

R. L. 173, § 50. 

R. L. 173, § 48. 

R. L. 173, §§ 52-54. 

R. 1885, 384, § 15. 

R. L. 173, § 55. 

R. L. 173, §§ 57-73. 

R. L. 173, §§ 17, 74. 76, 96. 

R. L. 173, § 75. 

R. L. 173, §§ 56, 74. 

R. L. 173, §§ 106, 113. 

R. L. 173, § 78. 

R. L. 167, § 14. 

R. L. 173, §§ 84, 85. 

R. L. 173, §§ 87-90. 

R. L. 173, § 91 ; 219, § 8. 

R. L. 173, § 95. 

R. L. 173, §§ 118, 119. 

Omitted as superfluous. 

R. L. 173, §§ 121-125. 

R. L. 173, § 20. 

R. L. 173, §§ 128-130. 

R. L. 173, §§ 57, 59. 

R. L. 174. 

R. L. 175, except 

R. 1885, 141, § 2. 

S. 1882, 267, §§ 1, 2. 

S. 1883, 188, § 2. 

O. 

S. 1899, 123, § 2. 

S. 1889, 387, §§ 1, 2. 

R. L. 176, except 

S. 1896, 427. 

S. 1891, 131. 

S. iu part, 1891, 379, § 1. 

R. 1897, 515, § 10. 

S. 1894, 514, § 4. 

R. L. 177, except 

R. L. 173, §§ 54, 56. 

S. 1888, 384, § 13. 

R. L. 178, §§ 31, 32. 

S. 1885, 125. 

R. L. 178, except 

S. 1895, 437. 

S. 1896, 464. 

S. 1886, 86. 

Redundant. See R. L. 150, 
§9. 

R. L. 179. 

R. L. 180, except 

R. L. 152, § 24. 

R. L. 181, except 

S. 1899, 120. 

S. 1893, 396, § 13; 1894, 398, 
§ 1; 431. 

Omitted. See R. L. 167, §§ 22, 
23. 

S. 1888, 325. 

R. 1893, 340, § 5. 

R. L. 183. 

R. L. 184, except 

S. 1888, .346, § 1. 

R. L. 173, § 39. 

R. L. 184, §§ 5, 6. 

O. 

O. 

R. 1895, 118. 

S. 1882, 6, § 2. 

S. 1894, 104. 

R. L. 185. 



180 



c. 181 . 



§§5-7. 



M2 



" §44 . 
182 . . . 
" §§ 15-19 
183 . . . 

" §2. . 



§7. 
§30 
§38 
§39 
§87 



c. 184 



c. 185 



17 



§2. . 
§11 . 

§§ 18, 19 

" §38 

" §53 
. 186 . . 
. 187, §§ 1-15 

" §§ 16-39 
. 188 

" §§ 2, 13 
. 189 . . 

'< § 15 

" § 18 
. 190 . . 

" § 26 

" § 48 
. 191 . . 

" §1. 

" §6. 

" § 12 

" § 14 

" §§16 

" § 34 

" § 42 
. 192 . . 

" §§1,2 

" § 15 

" § 24 

" § 26 

" § 31 
;. 193 . . 

" §5. 
:. 194 . . 

" §§11, 
;. 195 . . 

" §7. 
;. 196 . . 
;. 197 . . 

" § 20 

" §21 
;. 198 . . 

" §15 

" § 25 
:. 199 . . 

" §4. 

" §9. 

" § 12 

- §15 

" §§34, 
c. 200 . . 
i:. 201 . . 
c. 202 . . 

" §6. 

" §8. 

" §27 



14 



35 



15 



R. L. 186, except 

Omitted as superfluous. 

R. L. 187, except 

S. 1896, 203. 

Omitted as superfluous. 

R. L. 188, except 

O. 

R. L. 189, except 

R. L. 167, § 15. 

Redundant. See R. L. 167, 

§§ 22, 23. 
S. in part, 1892, 148. 
S. 1900, 191. 
S. 1888, 345. 

R. L. 189, § 34 ; 198, § 3. 
S. 1881, 216, § 1. 
R. L. 190, except 
Omitted as superfluous. 
R. L. 167, § 3. Superfluous in 

part. 
S. 1895, 388. 
R. L. 191, except 
Omitted as inoperative. 
Redundant. 
R. L. 192. 
R. L. 193, §§ 1-12. 
R. 1895, 234, § 27. 
R. L. 194, except 
S. 1899, 178, §§ 5, 6. 
R. L. 195, except 
S. in part, 1885, 384, § 5. 
Omitted as redundant. 
R. L. 196, except 
Omitted as redundant. 
S. 1892, 55. 
R. L. 197, except 
S. 1900, 2,56. 
S. 1892, 191. 
R. 1888, 344, § 4. 
R. L. 173, § 39. 
S. 1888, 344, §§ 2, 3. 
R. 1900, 466. 
S. 1895, 404. 
R. L. 198, except 
S. 1883, 73. 
S. 1896, 404. 
S. in part, 1888, 46. 
S. 1893, 173. 
S. 1897, 292. 
R. L. 199, except 
S. 1885, 384, § 3. 
R. L. 200, except 
Omitted as superfluous. 
R. L. 201, except 
O. 

R. L. 202. 
R. L. 202, except 
R.- L. 174, § 10. 
R. L. 174, § 10; 202, § 17. 
R. L. 203, except 
Superfluous. 
S. 1882, 235. 
R. L. 204, except 
S. in part, 1885, 345, § 6. 
S. 1885, 254. 
S. 1899, 218. 
R. 1886, 135, § 2. 
S. 1890, 440. 
R. L. 205. 
R. I-. 206. 
R. L. 207, except 
Omitted as superfluous. 
R. L. 77, § 4. 
R. 1886, 305. 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XVll 



c. 202, § 30 
c. 203 . . 

" § 16 

" ^^ 21 

'• iS^37, 40 

•' ^S 44 

" §47 

" § 50 

" §^ 

" \ 59 

" §§ 63, 64 

" §§ 76-83, 



43 



85 



" § 99 

" I 102 

" § 106 
C. 204 . . 

»' ^S 13 
c. 205 . . 

" M- 

" l§ 5, 6 
" \l 9, 10 

"Ml • 

" f§23, 24 
c. 206 . . 
c. 207 . . 

" ^2. 

" § 14 

" § 15 

" I 16 

" §§ 25-28 

" ^38 

" ^< 43 

" § 69 
c. 208, § I 

" ^2. 

<' ^3. 

" H- 

" §§ 5, 6 

" §§7,8 
c. 209 . . 
c. 210 . . 

" ^2, 
c. 211 . . 

« §§i,5 
c. 212 . . 

" H- 

" §9. 

" § 16 

" ^<i 42 

'< ^45 

«< ^$ 46, 49, 

" § 51 

" §55 

" §68 

" §72 

" §§ 74-78 

" §80 



c. 213 



c. 214 



§ 16 

§17 

§27 

§28 

§§ 29, 30 

§36 



§4. 
§§ 5, 6 

§11 
§21 
§26 



c. 215 



« 



58, 



S. 1901, 428. 

R. L. 208, except 

S. 1888, 135. 

S. 1896, 389. 

S. 1890, 391. 

S. 1899, 316, § 1. 

S. in part, 1899, 409, § 16. 

S. 1894, 522, ^11. 

R. L. 218, § 41. 

S. 1885, 223. 

S. in part, 1899, 316, § 1. 

S. 1890, 104. 
87, S. 1883, 81 ; 1901, 268. 
. O. No toll bridges. 
. S. 1890, 410. 
. S. 1898, 500, § 1. 
. S. 1889, 399. 
. R. L. 209, except 
. R. L. 218, § 30. 
. R. L. 210, except 
. S. 1892, 123. 
. R. L. 218, §§ 42, 43. 
. S. 1891, 349. 
. S. 1893, 271, § 1. 
. S. 1899, 178, §§ 7, 8. 
. R. L. 211. 
. R. L. 212, except 
. S. 1886, 329, § 1. 
. R. L. 101, § 10. 
. R. 1894, 433, § 3. 
. S. 189,5, 162. 
. R. 1891, 427, § 8. 
. R. 1896, 385. 
. S. 1894, 522, § 111. 
. R. 1885, 316, § 2. 
. R. L. 56, § 73. 
. S. 1894, 491, §§ 12, 15. 
. R. L. 75, § 25. 
. R. L. 213, § 1. 
. R. 1896, 397, § 24. 
. R. L. 75, §§ 127, 128. 
. R. L. 214, §§ 7-16, 30, 32, 33. 
. R. L. 215, except 
. S. 1899, 409, $ 3. 
. R. L. 216, except 
. S. 1894, 505. 
. R. L. 217, except 
. S. 1899, 166. 
. S. 1885, 66, § 1. 
. S. 1890, 225. 
. Ouiitted as obsolete. 
. Superfluous since 1897, 490. 
. S. 1898, 411, §§ 1-3. 
. S. 1885, 135. 
. S. 1901, 215. 
. R. 1882, 134, § 3. 
. R. L. 206, § 1. 
. R. 1891, 356, § 10. 
. S. 1900, 449, § 3. 
. R. L. 218, except 
. S. 1899, 409, § 3. 
. R. 1886, .53, § 2. 
. O. 

. S. 1891, 379, f 11. 
. R. 1891, 379, § 14. 
. R. L. 217, §§ 54, 55. 
. R. L. 219, except 
. R. L. 218, § 14. 
. R. L. 176, § 29. 
. R. L. 176, § 35.' 
. S. 1895, 490, § 7. 
. S. 1899, 409, § 4. 
. R. L. 220, except 
. 0. since 1890, 440. 



c. 215, § 15 

" § 18 

" §20 

" §J 32, 33, 
c. 216 . . 
c. 217, § 1 

" §§ 2, 3 

" H- 

" §§5-7 



" §9 

" §§ 10-12 

" § 13 

" § 14 

" § 15 

" § 16 
c. 218, §§ l-l 

" §6. 

" §§ 12-15 
c. 219, § 1 

" §2,3 

" §4. 

" §5. 

" §6. 



" §7 



§§ 9, 10 

§11 
§ 12 

§13 

§ 14 
§ 15 
§ 16 
§§ 17, 18 
§§ 19, 20 
§21 
§ 22 
§ 23 
§24 
§25 
§§ 26-30 
§31 . 
§§ 32, 33 



§ 34, 35 



" § 36 

" §37 

" §38 

" §39 
c. 220, § 1 

" §2. 

" §§3,4 

" §§5-8 

" §9. 

" § 10 



Ul 



§ 12 

§§ 13-15 

§16 

§17 

§ 18 

§ 19 

§§ 20-23 

■ 24 . 
§ 25-27 
§ 28, 29 
\ 30-33 
§ 34, 35 

36 . 

37 . 

38 . 

§ 39-44 



, S. 1880, 113. 
. S. 1882, 127, § 1. 
. S. 1895, 504, § 1. 
39, R. 1898, 326, § 11. 
. R. 1889, 451, § 8. 
. S. 1890, 440, § 5 ; 1891, 416, § 1. 
. R. L. 221, §§ 1, 3. 

R. L. 221, §4; 225, § 107. 

S. 1890, 440; 1891, 325. 

11. L. 221, § 7; S. in part, 
1890, 440. 

S. 1890, 218, § 1. 

R. L. 221, §§ 11-13. 

R. 1890, 218, § 3. 

R. L. 221, § 14. 

R. 1891, 416, § 4. 

R. L. 221, § 16. 

R. L. 217, §§ 11-20. 

R. 1886, 267, § 2. 

R. L. 225, §§ 132-135. 

R. 1901, 364, § 4. 

R. L. 222, §§ 1, 2. 

R. L. 225, §1 16, 89, 91. 

R. L. 225, §§ 82, 86, 97. 

R. L. 225, §§ 94, 105; S. in 
part, 1887, 292, § 2. 

R. L. 225, § 111. 

R. L. 225, § 106. 

R. L. 225, § 108. 

R. L. 225, § 110. 

R. L. 225, § 109. 

R. L. 225, I 105. 

R. L. 222, § 3. 4 

R. L. 222, § 5. f 

R. L. 222, § 3 ; 225, § 30. 

O. 1887, 447. 

R. L. 222, § 4. 

R. L. 225, § 11. 

O. 

R. L. 225, § 69. 

S. 1894, 260. 

R. L. 225, § 70. 

R. L. 225, §§ 136-140. 

R. L. 225, § 1. 

R. L. 225, § 9. 

R. L. 222, § 6. 

R. 1882, 226, § 3. 

R. L. 222, § 6. 

R. L. 222, § 9 ; 225, § 9. 

S. 1885, 52. 

R. L. 224, § 4. 

R. L. 224, § 5 ;225, §§ 89, 90; 
S. in part, 1895, 273. 

R. 1888, 403, § 8. 

R. L. 224, §§ 6-9. 

R. L. 225, § 77. 

R. L. 224, § 10 ; 225, § 16. 

R. 1888, 403, § 8. 

R. L. 224, § 11. 

R. 1888, 403, § 8. 

R. L. 224, § 12. 

R. L. 225, § 98. , 

R. L. 224, § 13. 

R. 1898, 496, § 36. 

11. L. 224, §§ 14-16. 

R. L. 225, § 12. 

R. L. 224, §§ 17-19. 

R. L. 225, §§ 4, 6. 

R. L. 224, §§ 21-24. 

R. L. 225, §§ 78, 79. 

R. L. 224, § 25. 

R. L. 225, § 30. 

R. L. 225, § 17. 

R. L. 225, §5 36-41. 



XVlll 



DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



c. 220, § 45 . 

§ 46 . 
§§ 47, 48 
§ 49 . 
^50 . 
^ 51-5") 
iJ 56 . 
]§ 57-63 
§ 64 . 
i^ 65 . 
I 66 . 
^67 . 



§69 . 

^0 . 

SWI . 

§§ 72-75 

221, § 1 . 



§3. . 

H- • 

ro. . 

§6. . 

§7. . 
§8. . 
§9. . 
§10 . 
§11 . 
§§ 12, 13 
§ 14 . 
§§ 15, 16 
§17 . 
§ 18 . 
§ 19 . 
§§ 20, 21 
§§ 22, 23 
§ 24 . 
§§ 25, 26 
§27 . 



R. L. 225, § 76. 
R. L. 225, § 75. 
R. L. 210, § 20. 
R. L. 225, § 13. 
R. L. 210, § 17. 
R. L. 224, §§ 26-30. 
R. 1888, 403, § 8. 



R. L. 224, §§ 31-37. 

R. L. 225, § 142. 

R. L. 225, § 7. 

R. L. 225, § 119. 

R. L. 225, § 123. 

R. L. 225, §§ 118, 120, 128; S. 

in part, 1898, 443, § 3. 
R. L. 225, § 121.' 
R. L. 225, § 129. 
R. L. 225, § 141. 
R. L. 224, §§ 1-3. 
S. 1901, 358. 
0. 

R. L. 225, § 5. 
Omitted as inoperative. 
R. L. 223, § 2. 
R. 1882, 203, § 4. 
R. L. 223, § 4. 
S. 1887, 355. 
R. L. 223, § 17. 
R. L. 223, § 18. 
R. 1882, 203, § 4. 
R. L. 223, §§ 12, 13. 
R. L. 223, § 16. 
R. L. 223, §§ 14, 15. 
R..L. 223, § 5. 
R. L. 223, § 11. 
R. L. 223, § 7. 
R. L. 223, § 6. 
R. L. 223, § 8. 
R. L. 223, § 45. 
R. L. 225, §§ 24, 25. 
S. 1888, 189. 



221, §§ 28, 29 
§ 30 . 
§ 31 . 
§§ 32-35 
§§ 36, 37 
§38 . 
§39 . 
§ 40 . 
§41 . 
§42 . 
§43 . 
§§ 44-46 
§47 . 
§ 48 . 
§49 . 
§§ 50, 51 
§52 . 
§ 53 . 
§ 54 . 
§§ 55-58 
§§ 59, 60 

222, § 1 . 
§2. . 
§3. . 
§4. . 
§5. . 
§6. . 
§§ 7-9 . 
§10 . 
5 11 . 
§§ 12-14 
§15 . 
§§ 16-19 
§20 . 
§21 . 
§ 22 . 
§ 23 . 
§§ 24, 25 

223, . . 



R. L. 225, §§ 34, 35. 

S. 1886, 197. 

R. L. 225, § 27. 

R. L. 225. §§ 30-:52. 

R. L. 210, § 15. 

R. L. 210, § 26. 

R. L. 210, § 28. 

R. L. 210, § 14. 

R. L. 210, § 23. 

R. L. 225, § 139. 

S. 1887, 426, § 1. 

R. L. 223, §§ 29, 30. 

R. L. 223, §§ 29, 39. 

O. 

R. L. 223, §§31, 33. 

R. 1883, 267, § 6. 

R. L. 225, §§118, 128. 

R. L. 225, § 129. 

S. 1888, 337. 

R. L. 223, §§ 41-44. 

R. L. 223, § 46 ; 225, § 56. 

R. L. 225, § 2. 

R. L. 210, § 19. 

R. L. 225, § 42. 

R. L. 225, § 3. 

R. L. 225, §§ 3, 42, 

R. L. 225, § 33. 

R. L. 225, §§ 71, 72. 

R. L. 225, § 101. 

R. L. 225, §§ 101, 106. 

R. L. 225, §§ 102, 103. 

S. 1899, 226. 

R. L. 225, §§ 125, 126. 

S. 1894, 258. 

R. L. 225, § 129. 

R. L. 225, § 113. 

Omitted. No application. 

R. L. 225, §§ 130, 131. 

R. L. 226. 



TABLE 



SHOWING THE DISPOSITION MADE OF STATUTES ENACTED SINCE 
THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



EXPLANATIONS. 



K.. L. means Revised Laws ; 0. means Obsolete ; R. means Repealed by ; S. means Superseded by j 

T. means Temporary. 



1882, c. 



6, §§ 


1, 


3 . Acted on. 


6, §2 


. R. L. 184, ^ 45. 


6, ^4 


. R. L. 225, ^ 13. 


28. . 


. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


29. . 


. R. 1886, 66, § 2. 


36 . . 


. S. 1888, 114. 


41, § 1 


. S. 1888, 419, § 11. 


41, ^2 


. S. 1887, 163. 


42. . 


. R. L. 62, § 18. 


43 . 




. R. L. 160, § 50. 


49. 




. R. L. 8, ^^ 5, cl. 9. 


50 . 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


53. 




. R. L. 91, § 131. 


54, §§ 1, 


2 . R. L. Ill, §§ 210, 261. 


54, §1 3, 


4 . R. L. Ill, ^S^ 211, 222. 


55 . . 


. R. L. 184, § 35. 


63 . 




. S. 1886, 307. 


65. 




. R. 1885, 247. 


73. 




. R. L. Ill, § 218. 


74. 




. R. 1884, 299, § 44. 


75. 




. R. L. 187, { 14. 


76. 




. S. 1888, 363. 


77 . 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


87. 




. S. 1886, 167. 


94. 




. S. 1882, 225. 


95 . 




. S. 1893, 396, ^^25; 1894,431. 


96. 




. R. L. 48, § 42. 


97. 




. R. 1887, 411, § 167. 


98. 




. S. 1889, 109, § 1. 


102. 




. S. 1884, 245. 


106, §§ 1- 


B . S. 1884, 330 ; 1886, 2.30. 


106, §^ 4, 


5 . R. L. 14, § 50. 


108, ^ 1 


. S. 1888, 313. 


108, 1^ 2, 


3 . R. L. 52, ^§ 25, 22. 


109. . 


. R. L. 48, § 102. 


110. 




. R. L. 6, § 60. 


Ill . 




. R. 1886, 38, ^^ 2. 


112. 




. T. 


113. 




. R. L. 81, § 9. 


125. 




. R. 1891, 356, § 10. 


127, ^ 1 


. R. L. 86, ^ 20 ; S. in part, 1887, 




264; 1890, 440, § 3; 1896, 




536, § 9. 


127, ^ 2 


. R. L. 86, ^ 19. 


127, U 3, 


4 . R. L. 86, ^ 15. 


129. . 


. S. 1886, 184. 


130. . 


. R. L. 6, ^ 65. 


131. 




. R. L, 1, ^ 6. 



1882, c. 



132. 
133, 
133, 
134, 
135. 
139. 

140 , 

141 , 
144, 
146, 
148, 
149 , 
150 
154, 
154, 



yi 



154, § 3 
154, ^^^^ 4-6 
154, ^ 7 
154, I 8 
154, ^ 9 
154, I 10 



154, §§ 11, 12, 
154, ^ 13 . . 



154, § 14 
156 . . 
157. . 



158 
162 
163 
164 
165 
166, 



v^ 1 



166, ^^ 2 
169 . . 

174. . 

175, i^ 1 
175, ^ 2 

175, § 3 

176, sS^ 1, 
176, § 3 

178. . 

179. . 

180. . 



R. L. 133, § 4. 

R. L. 27, § 13. 

R. L. 12, ^1 96. 

R. L. 217, § 77. 

R. L. Ill, ^§ 145-147. 

R. L. 165, ^^ 41. 

R. L. 175, § 55. 

S. 1900, 450, f ^^ 3, 4. 

R. 1893, 469, ^ 4. 

R. 1886, 15, ^ 1. 

S. 1886, 252, §§ 2, 3. 

T. 

R. 1894, 508, ^^ 80. 

S. 1890, 240. 

R. L. 28, ^S 1. Redundant in 

part. 
R. L. 28, ^^§ 2, 7. 
R. L. 28, §§ 7-9. 
R. L. 50, § 19. 
R. L. 25, § 15. 
R. L. 28, § 10. 
R. L. 28, ^11; S. in part, 

1893, 75. 
R. L. 28, ^^^^ 12, 13. 
R. L. 28, ^S^^ 1, 14. Redundant 

in part. 
R. L. 28, ^ 15. 
R. L. 7, § 13. 
R. L. 7, s^ 12; S. in part, 1888, 

289 ; 1895, 424. 
S. 1889, 440, >^^ 10. 
R. L. Ill, § 120. 
R. L. 208, § 7. 
R. L. 8, § 5, d. 10 ; 26, § 2. 
R. L. 12, § 23, els. 8, 9. 
R. L. 91, § 50; S. in part, 

1884, 317. 
R. L. 91, § 82. 
Special. 

R. L. 67, iS^ 12, 13. 
R. L. 12, ^1 45. 
R. L. 12, ^^ 41. 
R. L. 12, § 16. 
Acted on. 
R. 1884, 197, { 2. 
R. 1887, 411, ^ 167. 
R. 1887, 411, ^ 167. 
R. L. 26, ^ 11. 



[xix] 



XX 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1882. c. 181, ^^ 1 . 
" 181, § 2 . 



181, §§ 3,4 

182 

194, §§ 1-3 

194, § 4 

195, I 1 
195, ^^^ 2, 
195, § 4 
196. 
197. 
198 . 
199. 

200 . 

201 . 
203. 
205 . 
207 . 
208. 

212 . 

213 . 
215 . 
216. 
217, § 1 



217, § 2 
217, § 3 
217, § 4 
218. 
219. 
220. 

221 . 
222. 

223 . 

224 . 
225. 
226. 
227 . 
231 . 
232, § 1 

232, § 2 

233, § 1 
233, § 2 



233, § 3 
233, § 4 

233, § 5 
233, § 6 



233, ^§ 7, 8 

235. 

236. 

237 . 

238. 

239. 

241, § 1 

241, I 2 

242. . 
243 . . 

244. . 

245, ^^ 1 



245, § 2 

245, § 3 

246. . 



R. L. 83, § 23. 

K. L. 83, § 24; S. in part, 

1886, 101, § 4; 1895, 428, 

§ 1 ; 1898, 433, ^^ 24. 
S. 1886, 330, ^^ 1 ; 1898, 496, ^ 35. 
li. 1896, 380, § 3. 
U. L. 152, §§ 42, 43. 

r. 

K. 1888, 429, § 21. 

K. by R. of P. S. 115, §§ 8, 11. 

S. 1888, 429, § 10. 

K. 1888, 24. 

K. L. 225, § 134. 

R. L. 210, § 18. 

K. L. 92, § 18. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

R. L. 225, § 126. 

R. 1888, 264, § 3. 

R. 1888, 274, § 3. 

R. L. 225, § 100. 

R. 1894, 481, § 63. 

Special except § 3 in part. R. 

L. 9, § 7. 
R. L. 223, § 32. 
R. L. 204, ^^ 10. 
R. L. 66, iS^ 19. 20. 
R. L. 12, ^^ 41; S. in part, 

1888, 323. 
R. L. 12, ^^ 5, cl. 3. 
R. L. 12, §§i2, 95; 14, ^^ 3. 
R. L. 12, § 41. 
R. L. 12, § 77. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 100, ^^ 35; S. in part, 

1894, 129. 
R. L. 100, §§ 54, 67-71. 
R. L. 100, ^^ 14. 
S. 1893, 194. 
R. 1890, 168, § 2. 
R. L. Ill, § 245. 
R. L. 222, ^§ 6, 7, 9. 
Special. 

R. 1887, 423, § 2. 
S. 1886, 37, § 2. 
S. 1887, 243. 
R. L. 160, § 2. 
R. L. 160, ^^ 2 ; S. in part, 1888, 

59; 1889, 312; 1898, 250. 
R. L. 160, § 1. 
R. L. 160, § 5 ; S. in part, 1898, 

214. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 160, ^67; S. in part, 

1886, 165; 1889, 19; 1892, 

93 ; 1898, 358. 
T. 

S. 1885, 384, § 2. 
R. L. 208, § 55. 
R. L. 182, § 15. 
R. L. 9, § 1. 
R. 1894, 412, § 2. 
R. L. 220, ^ 5. 
R. L. 225, ^ 90, 92. 
R. L. 100, §§ 40, 54. 
R. 1888, 390, § 95. 
R. L. 125, §§ 17, 18. 
R. L. 160, ^67; S. in part, 

1886, 166; 1887, 180, 265; 

1888, 55; 1889, 97, 289; 

1893, 479. 
S. 1887, 160. 
S. 1886, 37, § 1. 
R. L. 38, § 4; S. 1897, 153, 

^ 9. Re-enacted, 1897, 505. 



1882, c. 247 . 




. . R. 1884, 298, § 53. 


" 249 . . 


. . S. 1895, 234, § 5. 


" 250 . . 


. . R. 1885, 122, § 3. 


" 251, § 1 


. . R. & S. in part, 1885, 121, § 4 ; 




1887, 216, §§ 5, 6. 


" 251, § 2 


. . R. L. 114, § 11. 


" 253 . . 


. . S. 1891, 396. 


" 255 . . 


. . R. L. 28, ^S§ 23-29. 


" 257, § 1 


. . S. 1884, 334. 


" 257, §^ 2, 


3 . S. 1887, 116, §§ 1-3. 


" 257, § 4 


. . R. L. 10, § 15. 


" 258 . . 


. R. L. 102, § 186. 


" 259 . . 


. R. L. 100, §§ 34, 42. 


" 260 . . 


. R. 1890, 423, ^^ 228. 


" 263, § 1 


. R. L. 75, ^ 16 ; S. in part, 1897, 




344, § 1. 


" 263, § 2 


. S. 1886, 171. 


" 263, 1 3 


. . R. L. 75, § 18; S. in part. 




1884, 289, § 5; 1897, 344, 




§3. 


" 263, § 4 


. R. 1884, 289, § 5. 


" 263, § 5 


. R. L. 75, §$ 4, 5; S. in part, 




1883,263, § 1; 1886, 101, § i. 


" 263, § 6 


. R. L. 75, § 20. 


" 263, ^S 7 


. R. L. 75, §§ 5, 24. 


" 264, ^ 1 


. R. L. 203, § 24. 


" 264, § 2 


. R. L. 173, §82; 203, §25. 


" 265, § 1 


. R. L. Ill, §§ 40, 161. 


" 265, I 2 


. R. L. Ill, I 47. 


" 265, § 3 


. R.L. Ill, §§34, 161. Mostly T. 


• " 265, ^^ 4 


. R. L. Ill, § 89. 


" 266 . . 


. R. 1894, 481, § 63, and earlier 




statutes. 


" 267 . . 


. S. 1900, 267, §§ 1, 2. 


" 268 . . 


. R. 1884, 298, § 53. 


" 269 . . 


. R. L. 102, § 93. 


" 270, §^^ 1, 


2 . R. L. 83, § 10 ; S. in part, 1889, 




309, § 1. 


" 270, § 3 


. R. L. 83, §§ 18, 19; S. & R. 




inpart, 1892, 318, §16; 1898, 




433, § 24. 


" 270, § 4 


. R. 1884,210; 1885, 176. 


" 272. . 


. R. L. 102, § 91. 


" 274, sS 1 


. Special. 


" 274, s^ 2 


. R. 1883, 183, § 3. 


1882, Res. c. 15 


. R. L. 16, § 104. 


" 56 


. R. L. 5, § 7. 


1883, c. 7 . . 


. T. 


29 . . 


. Acted on. 


31 . . . 


. R. L. 91, § 81. 


" 32, §§ 1, 


3 . R. L. Ill, § 226. 


'< 32,^2 . 


. S. 1900, 154. 


33. . . 


. R. 1887, 214, § 112. 


36. 




. R. 1886, 276, § 11. 


41. 




. R. L. 12, §§ 58, .59. 


42. 




. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


47. 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


48. 




. S. 1887, 26. 


,52 . 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


53 . 




. S. 1888, 235. 


.54 . 




. S. 1886, 37, § 1. 


55 . 




. S. 1889, 440, § 9. 


57. 




. R. 1885, 155, § 5. 


61. 




. Redundant in part. See R. 




L. 204, § 21; S. in part. 






1890, 440, § 9. 



62 
63 
65, 
71 , 
73, 
74, 
75, § 1 
75, § 2 



R. L. 189, § 75. 
R. L. 20, § 16. 
R. L. 108, § 15. 
R. 1886, 73. 
R. L. 198, § 1. 
R. L. 14, § 50. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
Special. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXI 



79 
80, §§ 
80, § 2 
81 . 
84. 
91 . 

93 . 
97, §^ 

97, ^ 

98, § 



3-5, 



99. 
100 
101 . 
102 
105. 
107 
110, 

111 

117. 

118. 

120, 

121 . 

124. 

125 

126. 

127 

133 

134 

138. 

142. 



145 . . 
148, § 1 
148, \^ 2, 
156 . . 



157. 

158 . 

164. 

167. 

168. 

169. 

173 . 

174. 

175. 

183. 

184. 

187. 

188, ^ 1 

188, § 2 

189. 

195. 

202. 

203. 

216. 

217. 

218. 

221 . 

223, § 1 

223, I 2 

223, I 3 

223, § 4 

223, § 5 

223, I 6 

223, § 7 

223, §^ 8, 9 

223, I 10 . 



R. L. 208, § 84. 

R. L. 87, §§ 94, 95; S. in part, 

1898, 433, § 23. 
Special. 
Special. 
S. 1886, 106. 
S. 1901, 268, § 4. 
R. L. 106, ^ 9. 
R. L. 12, ^ 61 ; S. in part, 

1894, 318. 
R. L. 100, ^S 12. 
Special. 
S. 1885, 180. 
R. L. 110, § 16. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 5, § 5. 
R. L. 8, § 3. 
R. 1888, 390, ^S 95. 
R. L. 212, § 35. 
Special. 

R. 1887, 214, ^^ 112. 
R. L. 86, § 17 ; S. in part, 1886, 

101, § 4 ; 1898, 433, § 24. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. 1888, 240. 
R. L. 65, § 21. 
R. 1887, 448, § 2. 
R. L. 91, § 7. 
S. & R. 1888, 306, § 2 ; 1897, 

437, § 8. 
R. L. Ill, § 221. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 12. 
S. 1889, 193, § 1. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
S. 1886, 101, f 4 ; 1893, 302. 
R. L. 78, § 3 ; S. in part, 1889, 

299. 
S. 1896, 251, § 1. 
R. L. 225, ^111. 
S. 1889, 90. 
R. L. 208, ^^ 113; S. in part, 

1893, 417, ^^ 319. 
R. 1887, 280, ^S 1. 
R. 1897, 444, § 31. 
R. 1886, 38, § 2. 
Special. 
S. 1900, 157. 
R. 1898, 181, § 2. 
R. 1894, 481, ^^ 63. 
R. 1898, 496, § 36. 
R. L. 161, § 46. 
R. L. 93, §§ 5, 6. 
R. L. 89, I 4. 
R. L. 102, § 12. 
R. L. 175, I 30. 
S. 1899, 123, § 1. 
T. 

R. L. 175, § 10. 
R. 1890, 168, § 2. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
S. 1886, 51, § 1. 
S. 1887, 447, § 8. 
R. 1894, 429, § 5. 
R. L. 25, §§b2, 54; 122, § 1. 
R. L. 159, §§ 1, 2, 4. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 159, § 7. 
R. L. 159, § 18. 
S. 1884, 316. 
S. 1901, 244. 
S. 1893, 61. 
R. L. 1.59, §^ 30, 31. 
R. L. 159, §§ 12-14. 



1883, c. 



223, ^^ 11 
223, I 12 
223, § 13 
223, I 14 
223, § 15 
223, § 16 
223, I 17 
224 . . 



225. . 
229, ^§ 1, 
230 . . 
232, § 1 
232, § 2 
232, I 3 



235 . . . 
239, § 1 . 

239, §§ 2-7 

242. 

243 . 

244. 

245. 

248. 

251 . 

251, §§ 1, 3, 4 

251. ^ 2 

252 . . 

253. . 

257. . 

258, ^ 1 

258, ^ 2 
258, I 3 



260. . 
262. . 
263 . . 
264. . 
267, § 1 
267, § 2 
267, §§ 3, 

267, § 5 

268. . 
278. . 



" 279 . . 

1883, Res. c. 45 

1884, c. 4 . . 



v^ 1 



14, ^^ 2 

15. . 
22. . 
34. . 

37. . 

38. . 
40, § 1 
40, §§ 2-4 

42. . 

43, «1 
43, § 2 
43, ^3 
45. 
.52. 



56 
58 
60 



R. L. 159, § 8. 

R. L. 159, I 32. 

R. L. 159, § 5. 

R. L. 173, l§ 28, 32. 

R. L. 156, § 13. 

R. L. 159, § 38. 

R. L. 159, § 6 ; 173, ^ 52. 

S. & R. 1885, 222 ; 1888, 348, 

^^ 12. 
R. L. 62, § 30. 
R. 1890, 423, ^S 228. 
R. 1887, 94. 
R. L. 81, § 26. 
R. L. 83, § 21. 
R. L. 83, l^ 20, 23; S. in part, 

1886, , 101, ^S 4 ; 1898, 433, 

§24. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. L. 87, § 113; R. in part, 

1886, 298, § 12. 
R. 1886, 298, § 12. 
S. 1897, 303. 
R. L. Ill, § 267. 
S. 1888, 112. 
R. 1894, 498, § 30. , 
R. 1894, 317, \ 53. 
R. in part, 1892, 419, § 138. 
R. L. 104, §§ 29, 31, 32. 
R. 1888, 426, § 14. 
R. L. 17, § 5; 175, §§ 27, 46; 

S. in part, 1896, 476, § 1. 
R. L. 48, § 17. 
S. 1884, 307, §§l,3. 
R. L. 118, § 95; R. in part, 

1894, 317, ^S 53. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. L. 118, § 95; S. & R. in 

part, 1886, 300, § 2; 1894, 

317, § 53. 
R. L. 66, §27; 97, §§ 15-23. 
R. L. 78, I 28. 
R. 1884, 289, § 6. 
R. L. 138, § 18. 
R. L. 223, §§ 31, 33, 34. 
R. L. 223, I 37. 
R. L. 223, I 35. 
R. L. 223, §§ 40-44, 46. 
R. L. 125, I 10. 
R. L. 85, § 2; S. in part, 1900, 

333. 
T. 

R. L. 6, § 79. 
S. 1888, 115. 
S. 1899, 252. 
S. 1887, 83. 
O. 

S. 1887, 128. 
R. 1889, 101, § 2. 
R. 1891, 177, § 2. 
R. 1889, 301, I 10. 
R. L. 98, § 17. 
S. 1887, 221. 
R. L. 22, § 5. 
T. 

R. L. 25, § 15. 
R. L. 223, § 36. 
Acted on. 
S. 1897, 329. 
S. 1887, 411, § 128. 
R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. 1884, 168, I 2. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
Acted on. 



XXll 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1884, c. 64 . 
65 . 
66. 
69 . 
70. 
72. 
74. 
76 . 
78. 
79 . 
88 . 
95 . 



98, ^^ : 


98, §^^ 


99. 

1 (\'i .i 


LvOf y J 

103, ^^ 1 


112. 


116 . 


118 . 


119 . 


120 . 


122 . 


125. 


126. 


129. 


131 . 


132, § 


132, ^^ 


134. 


140 . 


141 . 


149. 


150 . 


152, § 


152, § 



152, ^^ 
152, § 
154. 
155 . 
158 . 
161 . 
162. 
163 . 
166 . 

168 . 

169 . 

170 . 
171. 
172. 
173 . 
174. 
175. 
176. 
177. 
178. 
179, §§ 
179, §§ 

180 . 

181 . 

184. 
185. 
186 . 
188 . 

190 . 

191 . 

192. 
193 . 
197 . 



1, 
3, 4 



S. 1885, 198. 

S. 1887, 318. 

R. L. 89, § 4. 

K. 1894, 320, § 3. 

K. 1894, 429, § 5. 

K. 1894, 317, § 53. 

11. 1887, 214, I 112. 

11. L. 102, § 92. 

11. L. 37, §§ 1, 3, 4. 

S. 1888, 385. 

R. 1886, 298, § 12. 

11. 1888, 264, ^^ 3. 

S. 1890, 102. 

S. 1891, 188. 

li. L. 75, ^51. 

K. L. 212, § 24. 

S. 1901, 472. 

T. 

S. 1898, 323. 

R. L. 87, § 27; S. in part, 

1898, 433, § 23. 
R. 1887, 217, ^^ 2. 
Li. 1887, 214, ^^ 112. 
R. 1887, 214, ^^ 112. 
T. 

R. 1888, 437, § 6. 
R. L. 163, § 116. 
S. 1896, 269. 
R. L. 162, § 44. 
R. L. 153, I 3. 
Confirmatory. 
R. L. Ill, § 95. 
R. 1898, 146, § 6. 
R. L. 162, § 58. 
R. L. 87, § 18. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. L. 225, ^^ 127. 
R. L. 225, § 129 ; S. in part, 

1898, 443, § 3. 
T. 

R. L. 225, ^^119, 127-129. 
S. 1896, 252, § 2. 
S. 1890, 309. 
S. 1901, 87. 
R. L. 57, ^^ 24. 
R. 1888, 390, § 95. 
T. 

R. 1885, 369, § 4. 
II. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. L. 102, § 12. 
R. L. 165, I 50. 
S. 1888, 276. 
R. L. 75, § 129. 
R. L. 66, §§ 21, 24, 28. 
R. L. 208, § 49. 
R. L. 177, § 40 ; 178, § 30. 
R. L. 12, ^ 5, cl. 4. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. 1887, 214, ^^ 112. 
R. L. 6, ^§ 35, 36. 
S. 1890, 58, ^^^S 1, 2. 
S. 1887, 214, ^^^^ 62-64. 
R. 1888, 437, § 6; 1894, 224, 

§ 18. 
Special. 

R. L. 102, § 136. 
R. L. 78, ^ 18. 
S. 1893, 396, v^i 56. 
R. 1885, 186, \<i 2. 
R. L. 100, ^^ 72; S. in part, 

1884, 286. 
R. 1893, 469, ^ 4. 
S. 1889, 432. 
S. 1887, 117. 



1884, c. 199 . 

" 203 . 

" 204 . 

" 205 . 

" 207 . 



209. . 

210. . 
211 . . 
212, § 1 
212, § 2 
212, § 3 

M 



6 5 



14, 



212 
212 
213 .' . 
215, ^ 1 
215, § 2 
215, § 3 
215, § 4 
21.5, § 5 
215, § 6 
217. 
219. 
220 . 

222 . 

223 . 

226 . 

229 . 

230 . 

231 . 
232. 
234 . 



235 . . . 
236, §§ 1-4 
236, §§ 5, 7 
236, § 6 
236, § 8 
236, I 9 
236, §^^ 10 
236, § 15 
237 . . 
242 . . 
245 . . 
247 . . 

248. . 

249. . 

252 . . 

253 . . 
255, §§ 1- 
255, § 6 
255, § 7 
255, I 8 



255, § 9 
255, § 10 
255, § 11 
255, § 12 
255, § 13 
255, § 14 
255, '^ 15-18 
255, I 19 
255, ^^ 20 
255, I 22 
255, § 23 
255, ^<i 24 
255, ^^^ 25 
255, vV27 
255, § 28 

255, y^i 29 
255, § 30 



21. 



26, 



R. L. 91, §§ 52, .53. 

R. L. 109, § 54. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 160, I 68. 

R. L. 6, § 22. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 23, ^ 18. 

R. 1885, 176. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

S. 1887, 314, ^ I. 

R. L. 91, § 88. 

R. L. 91, § 3. 

R. L. 91, § 90. 

R. L. 91, j 87. 

R. L. 67, I 23. 

R. L. 160, § 2. 

Acted on. 

S. 1888, 212. 

S. 1885, 286 ; 1893, 479. 

Special. 

T. 

R. 1887, 214, § 112. 

R. L. 152, § 3. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. Ill, § 202. 

R. L. 104, §§ 29-31; R. in 

part, 1892, 419, § 138. 
R. L. 50, § 11. 
R. L. 109, § 37. 
S. 1887, 411. 
R. L. 160, ^<i 67. 
T. 
R. L. 87, §§ 109, 110; S. in 

part, 1898, 433, § 24 ; 1900, 

451, §§ 1, 2. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. L. 163, §§ 150-153. 
S. 1885. 353, §^ 1, 2. 
S. 1889, 406, § 3. 
R. 1885, 353, § 3. 
S. 1890, 387. 

R. L. 163, ^ 159, 161, 167-169. 
R. 1897, 247, § 6. 
R. L. 50, § 10. 
R. 1888, .390, § 95. 
R. L. 91, §§ 43, 78. 
R. 1885, 141, § 2. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
T. 

R. L. 67, ^^'i 26, 28, 35. 
R. 1894, 317, i^ 53. 
T. 

R. L. 223, § 1. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 220, § 27; S. in part, 

1886, 323, § 1. 
S. 1886, 323, § 1. 
R. L. 220, § 31. 
S. 1884, 323, §§ 1, 3. 
R. L. 225, §§ 83, 93. 
S. 1901, 128. 
R. 1894, 249, § 3. 
R. L. 225, §§ 104-108. 
R. 1888, 335, § 3. 
R. L. 223, § 22. 
R. 1888, 335, § 3. 
R. L. 223, ^^ 24. 
R. L. 223, ^s^23, 24; 225, §9. 
R. L. 223, § 25. 
R. L. 223, § 26. 
R. L. 222, §3; 225, ^ 15,74; 

S. in part, 1888, 403, § 7. 
R. L. 225, v^ 56. 
R. L. 223, 6 46. 



STATUTES ENACTED 8INCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXlll 



c. 255, ^ 31 

255, § 32 
255, I 33 
255, § 34 
255, § 35 
258, I 1 



258, § 2 



258, § 3 

260. 

264. 

265. 

266. 

268. 

269, § 1 

269, § 2 

272. 

275. 

277. 

279. 

280. 

282. 

284 . 



285. 
286. 
289, § 1 
289, I 2 



289, § 3 
289, §§ 4, 
289, § 5 



289, §7 
289, \ 8 
291. . 

293. . 

294. . 
296 . . 
297, § 1 
297, ^§ 2, 4 



297, § 3 
298 . . 
299. . 

301 . . 

302 . . 
304, § 1 
304, \ 2 
306 . . 
307, §§ 1, 3 

307, i 2 

308 . . 
310, § 1 
310, I 2 
310, I 3 
310, § 4 



310, § 5 
313, § 1 
31.3, § 2 
316. . 
317 . . 
318, § 1 
318, \ 2 

318, ^ 3 

319. . 
320 . . 



,4, 



R. L. 222, § 9; S. in part, 

1885, 369, § 1. 
S. 1898, 307. 

K. L. 225, ^ 117, 127, 128. 

11. L. 225, § 129. 

11. L. 225, I 136. 

K. L. 85,56 22, 34; 212, §§ 46, 

59; S. in part, 1887, 264; 

1898, 443 ; 1900, 333. 
R. L. 85, § 35; S. in part, 

1889, 245; 1895, 449, § 14; 

1897, 395, § 4; 1898, 433, 

$ 24. 
R. L. 85, § 36. 
R. L. 169, §§ 9, 11. 
Special. 
R. L. 220, § 7. 
Special. 
R. L. 170, ^ 5. 
R. L. 66, § 17. 
S. 1892, 206. 
R. L. 53, ^ 4. 
R. 1894, 508, § 80. 
R. L. 214, § 29. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 50, § 14. 
R. 1887, 111. 
R. L. 91, ^ 104, 105, 108, 110, 

111. 
R. L. 159, j 3, el. 7. 
S. 1897, 461. 
R. 1891, 319, § 2. 
R. L. 75, -^ 7 ; S. in part, 1886, 

101, § 4. 
R. L. 75, § 5. 
Acted t)n. 
R. L. 75, §§ 18, 27; S. in part, 

1897, 344, § 3. 
R. L. 75, § 18. 
R. L. 75, I 21. 
R. L. 137, § 13. 

R. L. 142, l§ 1, 11; 163, § 32. 

R. L. 162, § 62. 

R. 1887, 214, § 112. 

Acted on. 

R. L. 85, §§ 1, 2, 5; S. in part, 

1886, 101, ^^ 4; 1887, 264; 

1898, 433, § 24; 1900, 333. 
S. 1891, 299. 

R. 1890, 423, ^ 228. 

R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

S. 1885, 255, § 1. 

R. L. 122, §§ 22, 23. 

S. 1890, 154. 

R. L. 173, § 77. 

R. L. 122, \§ 3, 4. 

R. L. 57, ^^ 66, 69. 

S. 1885, 150. 

R. L. 92, ^ 14, 15. 

S. 1885, 352, § 1. 

R. L. 56, § 42. 

S. 1885, 352, § 4. 

R. L. 56, §^2, 52; S. in part, 

1886, 318, §§ 1, 3. 
R. L. 56, § 61. 
R. L. 198, § 12. 
§. 1892, 411. 
S. 1892, 440. 
R. L. 91, § 50. 
R. L. 91, §§ 26, 78, 79. 
Omitted as superfluous. 
R. L. 91, ^ 26. 
S. 1886. 352. 
R. L. 19, except 



1884, c. 320, § 4 




. S. 1888, 334. 


" 320, § 14 


. R. L. 19, ^ 7 ; S. in part, 1895, 




501, § 1 ; 1896, 517, § 8. 


" 320, § 15 


. S. 1893, 95. 


" 320, § 17 


. S. 1889, 183. 


'< 320, § 19 


. S. 1888, 253. 


" 320, I 20 


. R. L. 19, §§ 2, 4; S. in part, 




1888, 41 ; 1889, 351. 


" 320, § 21 


. Acted on. 


" 321 . . 


. R. L. 24, $ 2. 


" 322, § 1 


. R. L. 87, ^6 ; T. in part. 


" 322, § 2 


. T. 


" 322, I 3 


. R. L. 87, ^ 19. 


" 322, § 4 


. R. L. 87, §§ 23, 24. 


" 322, I 5 


. R. L. 87, U 26, 27, 29. 


" 322, § 6 


. R. L. 87, § 27. 


" 322, § 7 


. R. L. 87, § 40. 


" 322, I 8 


. T. 


" 322, § 9 


. R. L. 87, §§ 33, 75, 78-80. 


" 323, I 1 


. Acted on. 


" 323, §§ 2, 


4 . T. 


" 323, § 3 


. R. L. 86, §§ 10, 11. 


" 324 . . 


. R. L. 102, § 34. 


" 326 . . 


. R. L. 6, § 57. 


" 328 . . 


. R. 1892, 101, § 2. 


" 329 . . 


. R. L. 3, § 11. 


" 330, § 1 


. S. 1901, 238. 


" 330,^^2,-^ 


t . R. L. 126, §§ 4-6. 


" 330, § 3 


. S. 1895, 157. 


" 331, ^§1- 


4 . T. 


" 331, § 5 


. R. 1894, 249, § 3. 


" 333 . . 


. S. 1887, 128. 


" 334 . . 


. S. 1894, 394. 


1884, Res. c. 72 


. . S. 1901, 469. 


1885, c. 5 . . 


. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


7. . 


. . R. L. 22, § 8. 


15. . 


. . R. 1886, 38, § 2. 


24, § 1 


. . S. 1890, 302. 


" 24, § 2 


. . R. L. 3, § 7. 


27. . 


. . R. L. 157, § 24. 


29 . . 


. R. L. 22, § 26. 


31 . . 


. R. L. 17, § 10. 


32 . . 


. R. L. 18, §§ 16, 17. 


35, § 1 


. R. L. 225, § 94. 


35, § 2 


. R. L. 225, §§ 84, 105, 108. 


" 40 . . 


. R. L. 24, § 28. 


" 41 . 




. R. L. 6, § 26. 


42. 




. R. L. 160, §^ 57, 58, 67. 


45. 




. S. 1893, 396, § 17. 


48. 




. R. L. 156, § 16. 


49. 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


.52 . 




. R. 1888, 328, § 2, 


59. 




. S. 1892, 209, § 1. 


60. 




. R. L. 25, § 13. 


66, § 1 


. R. L. 217, ^^ 7. 


66, § 2 


. T. 


67. . 


. 0. (By repeal of P. S. 44 




J 37.) 


71. . 


. R. 1894, 498, § 30. 


73 . . 


. R. L. 212, § 42. 


75. . 


. R. L. 23, § 16. 


77. . 


. S. 1891, 411, § 1. 


79, § 1 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 79, §§ 2, 


4 . Acted on. 


79, § 3 


. S. 1886, 124. 


83. . 


. R. L. 100, §§ 10, 42 ; S. in part, 




1885, 323, § 2. 


85. . 


. R. L. Ill, § 187. 


86. 




. T. 


87. 




. S. 1891, 410. 


90. 




. R. L. 100, § 17. 


91 . 




. R. L. 20, § 31. 


92. 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 94, § ] 




. R. L. 225, ^ 28. 



XXIV' 



t^iTATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1885, c. 



94, ^§ 2, 3 

98. . 
106. . 
107 . . 

108. . 

109. . 

110. . 
Ill . . 

118 . . 

119 . . 
121, ^^ 1 
121, ^^ 2 
121, I 3 
121, § 4 
122 . . 
123, § 1 
123, ^^ 2 



124 . . 

125 . . 

131 . . 

132 . . 

133 . . 
134, § 1 

134, § 2 

135. . 

136. . 

137, § 1 
137, § 2 
141 . . 
142. . 

144. . 

145. . 

147. . 

148. . 

149. . 

150 . . 

151 . . 
155, § 1 
155, § 2 
155, § 3 
155, §§ 4, 
156 
157. 
158, 
159 
161, § 1 
161, § 2 
162 
164, 
165 
167 
168 
169 
173 , 
176 
178 
180 
183 
186, 
189 
190 
191 
193 
194, ^^ 1 
194, 6,^ 2 



194, y^ 4 
194, § 5 

194, ^ 6 

195, § 1 
195, ^^ 2 
196 . . 



R. L. 210, § 16. 

R. L. 102, ^S^ 106, 107. 

S. 1887, 86. 

R. 1890, 423, ^^ 228. 

R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

Acted on. 

R. L. Ill, § 197. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

R. L. 39, § 21. 

R. L. Ill, § 9. 

R. L. 114, § 6. 

R. L. 114, § 24. 

S. 1890, 63. 

R. L. 114, ^^ 19. 

R. L. 102, §^^ 110-112. 

S. as to towns, 1899, 330, ^S 2. 

R. L. 51, ^^ 10; S. in part, 

1899, 330. 
R. 1887, 423, ^^ 2; 1894, 317, 

§ 53. 
R. L. 177, § 55. 
S. 1894, 481, ^^ 1. 
S. 1893, 396, ^ 63. 
R. L. 208, ^^ 117. 
R. L. 157, § 27 ; R. in paxt, 

1886, 218, § 2. 
T. 

R. L. 217, § 61. 
R. L. 217, §§ 45-49. 
S. 1893, 479. 
R. L. 160, § 58. 
R. L. 160, § 38; 175, §^ 1, 3. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
R. 1886, 53, § 2. 
Acted on. 
S. 1887, 411, §9Q. 
R. 1887, 252, § 24. 
R. L. 160, § 30; 161, § 34. 
R. L. 57, § 67. 
Special. 
R. L. 160, § 2. 
Special. 

S. 1895, 500 ; 1899, 339. 
T. 

R. 1888, 437, ^^ 6. 
R. L. 28, §§ 17, 18. 
R. 1895, 310, § 3. 
R. 1893, 417, ^^ 345. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 42, § 37. 
R. 1899, 310, § 3. 
R. L. Ill, ^^ 9. 

S. & R. 1889, 211 ; 1893, 469,^^ 4. 
R. L. 69, s^ 1. 
S. 1889, 250. 
R. L. 12, ^^ 5, cl. 9. 
R. 1889, 301, § 10. 
S. 1893, 262. 
S. 1887, 281. 
S. 1888, 233. 
S. 1890, 421. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 25, ^^ 15. 
R. L. 25, § 64. 
R. 1896, 412. 
R. 1887, 120. 
S. 1890, 428. 
R. L. Ill, ^S^ 134, 135. 
S. 1887, 295. 
R. L. Ill, ^^ 137. 
T. 

S. 1889, 70. 
S. 1891, 375, § 1. 
R. L. 102, ^<iy^ 176, 177, 185, 186. 



1885 



197. . 

198. . 

203 . . 

204 . . 
205, ^^ 1 
205, ^\ 2 
210, ^^ 1 



210, 
211 



i2 



214. . 
216. . 

220, §^ 1, 
220, ^^ 3 
220, ^v 4 
220, § 5 
220, ^N 6 
222 . . 
223. . 

224 . . 

225 . . 
227. . 
229 . . 
235 . . 

236. . 

237. . 

238. § 1 
238, § 2 
240. . 



241 
242 
246 
'247 
248 
250 
252 
254 
255 
256 
258 
260 
261 
262 
263 
265, 



265, ^ 4 
267. 
268 . 
271. 

274. 
275 . 
276. 



^ 1-3 



277 



278, 
282 , 
283 
286 , 
287, 
288 , 
289 
291, ^S^ 1, 

291, § 2 

291, i^ 5 

292. . 
293 . . 

299 . . 

300 . . 
302 . . 



5. 4, 



R. L. 25, ^^ 24. 

R. 1894, 498, J 30. 

R. 1893, 469, § 4. 

R. 1887, 122, § 2. 

S. 1888, 280, ^^ 1. 

R. L. 164, § 28. 

R. L. 73, § 17. 

R. 1894, 317, ^^ 53. 

R. L. 85, §§ 14, 16; S. in part, 

1891, 153; 1900, 333. 
R. 1889, 279, ^^ 11. 
S. 1888, 262; 1889, 114, 186. 
R. L. 91, §^ 106, 109. 
R. 1888, 223, § 5 ; 1892, 188, § 6. 
R. 1887, 96, § 3. 
R. L. 91, § 112. 
R. L. 91, I 134. 
R. 1888, 348, § 12. 
R. L. 208, § 58. 
Acted on. See R. L. 6, § 58. 
R. L. 212, § 33. 
R. 1894, 176, § 2. 
R. 1890, 423, I 228. 
R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 13. 
S. 1887, 411, §§ 22-29, 127-133. 
R. L. 134, § 6. 
R. L. 14, f§ 37, 38, 40, 59. 
T. 
R. L. 58, §^ 13, 14; 110, ^^ 9, 

48, 76, 80 ; S. in part, 1892, 

67. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. 1889, 192, § 2. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
Acted on. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
R. L. 165, § 35. 
R. 1890, 416, § 7. 
R. L. 204, § 13. 
R. L. 153, § 36. 
R. L. 91, § 91. 
R. L. 146, § 9. 
S. 1890, 265. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
R. L. 6, § 4. 
R. L. 78, ^§ 7-9. 
R. L. 24, § 22; 78, §37. 
R. L. 122, §§ 12-14. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
S. & R. 1886, 68, § 1; 1890, 

423, § 228. 
R. L. 149, §§ 3, 8. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
R. 1900, 450, § 10, bv repeal 

of P. S. 135. 
S. 1889, 303; 1891, 80; 1892, 

354 ; 1894, 250. 
R. L. 78, §§ 31, 34. 
R. L. 100, § 63. 
R. L. 182, § 15. 
R. L. 160, I 67. 
Special. 
R. L. 2. 
R. L. 82, § 1, 
R. L. 165, §§ 80,81,85,88; R. 

in part, 1901, 329. 
S. 1892, 133. 
R. L. 173, § 83. 
R. L. 102, §§ 128, 129. 
R. L. 184, § 40. 
R. L. 50, § 23. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
R. L. 78, § 26. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXV 



c. 303 , 
304. 
305 . 
307 . 
308. 
309, §§ 1, 

309, § 3 

309, § 4 

310. . 
312, § 1 
312, § 2 
312, § 3 
312, § 4 
312, § 5 
313 . . 

314. . 
314, § 1 
314, § 4 
314, ^ 5 
314, § 6 
314, § 13 
314, § 15 
316 



318, 

319, 

320, 

321 , 

322 

325, 

326. 

327, 

332 

334 

337 

339, 



341 . . 
342, § 1 
342, I 2 
344, I 1 
344, § 2 
344, §3 
344, § 4 

344, l§ 5, 

345, § I 
345, § 2 
345, l§ 3, 
345, § 5 
345, § 6 
345, I 7 
345, ^§ 8, 
348. . 
351 . . 
352, § 1 
352, I 2 
352, § 3 
352, ^ 4 
352, § 5 
352, ^ 6 
352, § 7 

352, I 8 

353, ^^ 1, 
353, § 3 
353, I 4 
353, § 5 
353, § 6 
354 . . 
355, §§ 1, 

355, ^ 3 

356. . 
358 . . 
359. . 



10. 



R. L. 208, § 112; 210, § 22. 

R. L. 164, I 29. 

R. L. 212, § 21. 

S. 1894, 218, 473. 

R. 1887, 214, ^S 112. 

R. L. 102, J^S 178, 179, 186; S. 

in part, 1885, 323, § 2. 
R. L. 102, § 185. 
R. L. 102, § 178. 
R. L. 110, § 47. 
S. 1900, 399. 

R. L. 27, ^ 3; T. in part. 
R. L. 26, § 10. 
S. 1889, 372. 

R. L. 25, § 100 ; 27, § 26. 
S. & R. 1887, 267 ; 1893, 227 ; 

1896, 397, § 24. 
R. L. 121, except 
S. in part, 1889, 373. 
S. 1898, 499. 
R. 1891, .351, ^ 2. 
S. in part, 1887, 382, y^ 4. 
S. 1896, 426. 
R. L. 58, § 4. 
R. 1895, 461, i^ 2. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
R. L. 5, § 7. 
R. L. 225, §§ 101, 106. 
R. 1886, 13, § 2. 
S. 1896, 396, § 34. 



R. 1888, 426, § 14. 

Special. 

S. 1898, 496, § 1. 

R. L. Ill, § 189. 

T. 

S. 1889, 414, ^^^6, 7; 1891, 158; 

1899, 325, § 2. 
R. 1887, 98, I 16. 
R. L. 214, § 17. 
R. L. 217, § 1. 
R. L. 96, § 8. 
R. L. 96, § 16. 
R. L. 96, §§ 18-21. 
S. 1891, 266, § 2. 
R. L. 96, § 13. 
S. 1886, 203. 
S. 1900, 374, § 1. 
R. 1900, 374, y*! 2. 
R. L. 166, § 17. 
S. 1900, 374, y^ 3. 
R. 1887, 329. 
R. L. 166, §§ 19, 20. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. 1890, 423, ^^ 228. 
S. 1886, 317, § 1. 
R. L. .56, § 37. 
S. 1886, 317, § 2. 
S. 1886, 318, § 1. 
R. L. 75, yS 5. 
S. 1886, 318, § 2. 
S. 1896, 398, §1. 
R. L. .56, § 55. 
R. L. 163, §§ 1.04, 156. 
Acted on. 
R. 1895, 394, § 9. 
R. L. 163, § 160. 
R. L. 163, § 96. 
R. 1887, 214, § 112. 
S. 1893, 423, ^ 10. 
R. L. 25, ^ 69. 
R. L. 220, § 27. 
S. 1897, 305. 
R. L. 100, § 55, 



1885 



c. 365, § 1 
365, § 2 
369. 
371 . 
375. 
376. 
378. 
379, § 1 



379, y^S 2-7 

380. . 
384, § 1 
384, §§ 2-4 
384, I 5 

384, § 6 
384, §§ 7, 

11 . 
384, § 8 
384, I 9 
384, § 12 
384, ^ 13 
384, § 14 



10, 



R. L. 212, ^ 46, 59. 

S. 1891, 427, § 5. 

R. 1889, 164, § 2 ; 440, § 14. 

R. 1898, 76, § 4. 

R. 1891, 427, § 8. 

R. L. 150, § 24. 

S. 1894, 491, § 36 ; 1899, 408, § 1. 

R. L. 24, § 7 ; S. in part, 1890, 

213 ; 1892, 286. 
R. L. 24, §§ 9, 10, 26-30. 
R. L. 122, § 11. 
R. L. 167, ^§21,24; 200, § i. 
R. L. 158, §§ 4-6. 
R. L. 142, § 12; 163, yS^^ 45, 

104; 181, §6. 
R. L. 173, § 11. 



R. L. 173, § 54. 
R. L. 170, § 7. 
R. L. 189, § 9. 
R. L. 158, § 3. 
R. L. 177, § 4. 

R. L. 167, J 9; S. in part, 
1892, 169. 

384, § 16 . . Acted on. 

385. . . . R. L. 87, §§ 102-105; S. in 

part, 1886, 101, § 4; 1898, 
433, §§ 24, 27, 28. 
1886, c. 13 . . . . R. L. 165, § 20. 
" 15, ^ 1 . • Acted on. 

15, ^2 . . R. L. 160, § 2. 
" 15, ^ 3 . . R. L. 160, §§ 52, 53. 
15, §§ 4, 6, 7, T. 

15, ^ 5 . . R. L. 160, §§ 53, 63. 
28 .... R. L. 23, § 18. 
31 .... S. 1888, 58, 
36 .... R. L. 151, § 11. 

37, §1 . . R. L. 165, § 76. 
" 37, I 2 . . S. 1890, 294. 

38. ... S. 1886, 334; 1901, 211. 
39 .... R. 1889, 301, § 10. 

" 45 .... S. 1891, 180. 

49 .... R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

51 .... S. 1887, 289. 

53 .... S. 1899, 409, § 3. 

56 .... S. 1887, 86. 
" 63 .... S. 1887, 411. 

64 .... S. 1893, 396, § 23, 

66 .... R. 1891, 24, ^S 2. 

68 .... R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

69 .... R, 1894, 317, § 53. 

" 72 .... R. L. 213, § 3; S. in part, 1901, 
373. 

73 .... S. 1889, 103. 

74 .... R. L. 24, § 2. 

76 .... R. L. 25, § 15. 

77 .... R. 1894, 317, ^^ 53. 

78 .... R. 1890, 423, § 228, 
82 , , , , R, 1887, 391, § 4. 

85 .... S. 1888, 362. 

86 .... R. L. 178, § 47. 

" 87 .... S. & R. 1887, 399, § 1 ; 1894, 
508, § 80. 
90 .... R. 1887, 280, § 2. 
93 .... R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
95 .... R. 1890, 168, § 2. 
" 98 .... T. 
" 101, ^ 1, 2 . R. L. 75, §§ 1, 2. Redundant 

in part. 
" 101, yU . . R. L. 75, J 3 ; S. in part, 1889, 

370. 
" 101, §§ 4-6 , Acted on. 
" 105 ... . S. 1887, 411, § 14. 
" 106 .... S. 1893, 479, 



XXVI 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



6. c. 110 . . 


. R. 1889, 301, § 10. 


1886, c. 236 . . . 


R. 1898, 496, J 36. 


" 113 . . 


. R. L. 32, § 38. 


" 237. . . 


. R. 1887, 411, § 13. 


" 114 . . 


. . R. L. 164, ^ 29. 


" 238 . . . 


. S. 1891, 410. 


«' 117 . . 


. . R. L. 26, § 36. 


" 239 . . . 


. R. L. 36, ^S 39. 


« 120 . . 


. . S. 1894, 41. 


" 241 . . . 


. R. 1887, 179, § 2. 


" 123 . . 


. . S. 1897, 390. 


" 242 . . . 


. R. 1894, 59. 


" 124. . 


. . S. 1893, 479. 


<' 245, §§ 1, 2 


S. 1899, 284. 


" 125 . . 


. . R. L. 125, § 19. 


" 245, § 3 . 


. R. L. 153, § 25. 


" 130 . . 


. . R. L. 160, i^ 67; S. in part. 


" 246 . . . 


. R. 1897, 111. 




■ 1888, 195. 


" 247. . . 


. R. L. 160, § 38; 217, § 23. 


" 132 . . 


. . R. L. 21, § 2. 


" 248, § 1 . 


Special and T. 


" 133 . . 


. R. L. 21, § 2. 


" 248, ^^ 2 . 


R. L. 91, § 16. 


" 135. . 


. R. L. 204, § 23. 


" 250 . . . 


S. 1890, 252. 


" 136 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 251 . . . 


S. 1889, 339; 1891, 79; 1892, 


*' 137 . . 


. R. L. 146, §§ 9, 10. 




298. 


" 140-. . 


. R. L. Ill, § 267. 


" 252. . . 


R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 142, § 1 


. R. L. Ill, § 74. 


" 256 . . . 


S. 1896, 509. 


" 142, § 2 


. T. 


<' 257. . . 


R. L. 18, § 13; S. in part. 


" 144 . . 


. R. L. 96, ^ 3. 




1896, 522. 


" 145 . . 


. R. L. 162, § 62. 


" 258. . . 


R. L. 69, §§ 4, 5. 


«' 148 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 259, § 1 . 


R. 1889, 454, § 6. 


" 150 . , 


. S. 1898, 548, § 331. 


" 259, § 2 . 


R. L. 102, ^ 133; S. in part, 


" isr. . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 




1887, 135. 


" 154 . . 


. S. 1891, 162. 


" 260 . . . 


R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


" 155 . . 


. S. 1889, 28. 


" 262 . . . 


R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


" 156 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 263, § 1 . 


S. 1887, 269, § 1. 


" 158 . . 


. S. 1893, 479. 


" 263, § 2 . 


R. L. 106, § 1. 


" 165 . . 


. S. 1899, 297. 


" 263, I 3 . 


R. L. 106, § 3; S. in part. 


" 166 . . 


. S. 1893, 479. 




1887, 269, § 2. 


" 167 . . 


. S. 1893, 479. 


" 263, §§ 4, 7, 8 


S. 1887, 269, §§ 3-5. 


" 169. . 


. R. 1887, 438, § 8. 


" 263, ^^^ 5, 6 


R. L. 106, §§ 1, 3. 


" 171. . 


. R. L. 75, § 17; S. in part, 


" 264. . . 


R. 1890, 423, § 228. 




1897, 344, § 2. 


« 267. . . 


R. L. 217, § 15. 


" 173. . 


. R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


" 270. . . 


R. L. 14, §§ 37, 38, 40, 59, 63. 


" 174. . 


. R. L. 107, (§ 5-9. 


" 274. . . 


R. 1888, 375, § 5. 


" 175 . . 


. S. 1887, 232. 


" 275. . . 


R. L. 222, § 2. 


" 176 . . 


. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 276, § 1 . 


S. 1888, 292. 


" 177 . . 


. R. L. 225, § 137. 


" 276, § 2 . 


S. 1901, 178. 


" 178 . . 


. Special. 


" 276, <j 3 . 


R. L. 92, § 6 ; S. in part, 1900, 


" 179 . . 


. S. 1898, 230. 




373, ^ 3, 4, and earlier 


" 183 . . 


. R. 1893, 469, § 4. 




statutes. 


" 184 . . 


. R. 1893, 469, § 4. 


" 276, § 4 . 


R. L. 92, § 7. 


" 187 . . 


. R. 1887, 214, § 112. 


'< 276, § 5 . 


R. 1894, 97, § 2. 


" 189 . . 


. R. 1893, 469, ^ 4. 


" 276, § 6 . 


S. 1891, 254. 


" 190, §§ 1, 


3 . R. L. 160, § 2. 


" 276, § 7 . 


S. 1895, 56. 


" 190, § 2 


. R. L. 160, § 67; S. in part, 


" 276, § 8 . 


S. 1893, 105. 




1888, 88. 


" 276, § 9 . 


S. 1899, 360. 


" 190, §§ 4- 


7 . Special. 


" 276, § 10 . 


R. L. 92, § 22. 


" 192, §§ 1-3 


, 5, R. L. 91, ^§ 122-125. 


" ■ 281 . . . 


R. L. 173, § 37. 


" 192, § 4 


. S. & R. 1887, 197 ; 1891, 327, 


" 283 . . . 


T. 




^2. 


" 287. . . 


R. L. 75, §§ 59-61. 


" 192, §§ 6, 


7 . Omitted as superfluous. 


" 289. . . 


R. L. 64, § 10; S. in part. 


" 194 . . 


. R. L. 189, § 31. 




1899, 235. 


" 197 . . 


. R. L. 225, § 73. 


" 290. . . 


R. L. 163, § 24. 


" 202 . . 


. R. 1887, 120. 


" 295. . . 


S. & R. 1888, 221, §§ 1, 2; 


" 203 . . 


. S. 1891. 419. 




1893, 423, ^ 1. 


« 205 . . 


. T. 


" 296, § 1 . 


R. L. 208, § 8. 


" 207. . 


. Omitted. Inoperative. 


" 296, §§ 2, 5 


R. L. 32, § 16. 


" 209 . . 


. R. L. 110, §^ 37-39. 


'< 296, § 3 . 


R. L. 32. § 18. 


" 210 . . 


. S. 1896, 236. 


" 296, ^ 4 . 


0. 


" 214 . . 


. R. L. 7, § 8. 


'< 296, ^ 6 . 


R. L. 32, §§ 20, 23; S. in part, 


" 216 . . 


. S. 1888, 425 ; 1896, 490, § 3. 




1897, 254, ^ 5, 8. 


" 218, § 1 


. T. 


" 298, §§ 1, 3 . 


R. L. 87, §^ 115, 117. 


" 218, § 2 


. Acted on. 


" 298, §2 . . 


R. L. 87, § 116; S. in part, 


" 219 . . 


. S. 1895, 390. 




1898, 433, § 28. 


" 222. . 


. R. 1887, 214, § 112. 


" 298, H • • 


R. 1887, 123, § 2. 


" 223. . 


. R. L. 158, § 2. 


" 298, §§ 5-9 . 


R. L. 87, §§ 118-122. 


" 224 . . 


. R. L. 166, § 13. 


" 298, ^ 10 . . 


R. L. 87, §^ 120, 123; S. ia 


" 226 . . 


. R. L. 224, § 25. 




part, 1887, 264; 1898, 428; 


" 230. . 


. Acted on. 




433, ^^§ 23, 28; 1900, 333. 


« 231 . . 


. S. 1888, 158. 


" 298, yUl . 


Special. 


" 233 . . 


. R. L. 150, § 15. 


" 298, § 12 . 


Acted on. 


" 234. . 


. R. L. 91, ^S 127; S. in part. 


" 299 ... . 


R. L. 91, ^^^ 107, 110. 




1893, 105 ; 1899, 1360. 


" 300, ^U , . 


T. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXV II 



1886, c. 300, § 2 

" 304 . . 

" 305 . . 

" 307 . . 

" 313 . . 

" 317, § 1 

" 317, § 2 

" 317, § 3 

" 317, ^§ 4, 

" 318, ^ 1 

« 318, § 2 

" 318, $ 3 

" 318, § 4 

" 319, §§ 1, 

" 319, § 3 

" 319, § 4 

" 320 . . 

'* 322 . . 

" 323, ^ 1 

" 323, §^ 2, 

" 323, \ 4 

" 323, § 5 

" 323, § 6 

" 323, I 7 

" 328 . . 

" 329, ^§ 1, 3 . 

" 329,^^2,4-7, 

" 330 . . 

'< 332 . . 

" 333, § 1 

" 333, § 2 

" 334 . . 

" 337 . . 



338. . 

339. . 

340. . 
342. . 
346. . 
346, § 2 
346, § 3 

346, ?§ 6, 7 
348. 
352. 
354. . 



1886, Res. c. 32 

1887, c. 24 . 

26. 

30. 

31. 
" 33. 

36. 

38. 

39. 
« 43 . 
" 46 . 
" 50. 
«' 53 . 

57. 
«' 58. 
" 61 . 

63 . 

67. 

72. 
" 74, n, 

74, § 2 

75. . 
83 . . 



87. 



See R. L. 118, § 95. 

Special. 

S. 1888, 391. 

S. 1893, 479. 
R. L. 42, § 32. 

R. L. 56, § 36. 

R. L. 56, § 38. 

S. 1894, 280, § 1. 

R. L. 56, §§ 39, 40. 

R. L. 56, §1 51, 52. 

S. 1896, 398, § 2; 1900, 300, 
§1. 

R. L. 56, § 52. 

S. 1896, 318, § 3. 

R. L. 87, §§ 34, 100. 

S. 1890, 414, § 2. 

S. 1897, 451. 

R. 1888, 390, § 95. 

S. 1898, 465. 

R. L. 220, § 28. 

R. 1892, 302, § 3. 

R. L. 225, ^^ 117, 128, 129, 

R. L. 220, § 27. 

R. L. 220, § 28 ; 223, § 24. 

R. L. 225, § 113. 

R. L. 208, § 50. 

S. 1898, 444. 

R. L. 212, §§ 3-7. 

S. 1898, 496, § 35 ; 1900, 397. . 

S. 1887, 142, § 3. 

Special. 

S. 1887, 227. 

S. 1901, 211. 

Omitted by committee on re- 
vision. 

S. 1896, 509, §^ 1-9. 

Acted on. 

R. L. 102, §§ 138-140. 

R. L. 152, § 38. 

R. L. 121, except 

S. in part, 1888, 122. 

S. in part, 1894, 450; 1896, 

473. 
R. L. 58, §§ 12, 19, in part. 
S. 1896, 509, §§ 11-19. 

R. 1894, 359. 

S. & R. 1887, 231 ; 1894, 444, 

§ 10. 
R. L. 53, § 16. 
R. 1894, 424, § 7. 
S. 1893, 103. 
S. 1891, 375, § 2. 
Special. 
S. 1892, 148. 
R. L. 166, ^ 17. 
R. 1888, 209, § 2. 
R. L. 164, § 29. 
R. L. 107, § 4. 
R. 1898, 218, ^ 2. 
R. L. 48, § 110. 
R. L. 100, § 80. 
S. 1898, 294. 
R. L. 23, § 18. 
S. 1888, 89 ; 1899, 216. 
S. 1889, 237. 
R. L. 208, yS 60. 
R. 1893, 469, ^ 4. 
R. L. 165, ^ 88; R. in part, 

1901, 329. 
S. 1892, 133. 
Special. 

S. 1891, 411, § 2. 
S. 1890, 242. 
R. L. 6, §^ 16, 17. 



1887, c. 89 . 

94. 

" 96. 

97 . 



98, § 17 
103 . . 

105, §§ 1, 

105, § 2 

105, § 4 

110. 

Ill . 

112. 

113. 

116. 

117. 

118. 

120 . 

121 . 
122. 

123 . 

124 . 

125 . 
127 . 

128. 



135 . . . 
137, §§ 1, 2 
137, § 3 
137, § 4 
137, § 5 
137, § 6 
137, § 7 
137, § 8 
137, § 9 
140. 
142. 
143 . 
147. 
149 . 
153. 
156. 
159. 
160. 



162. 

163 . 

164 . 
166. 
170. 
171. 
173. 
174. 
175. 
179. 
180. 
183. 
190. 
191 . 
193, § 1 
193, § 2 
193, § 3 
193, § 4 
193, § 5 
196 . . 
197. . 
199. . 
202, § 1 
202, §§ 2 
204. . 
206. . 



. R. L. 116, § 38. 

• R. L. 56, § 76. 

. R. 1896, 268, § 3. 

. R. L. 7, § 13. 

. R..L. 97, ^§ 1-13, except 

. T. 

. S. & R. 1888, 305 ; 1894, 508, 

§ 80. 
. R. 1900, 159, § 3. 
. S. 1890, 30. 
. S. 1899, 360. 
. S. 1888, 390. 
. Acted on. 
. R. L. 165, § 34. 
. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
. S. 1895, 193. 
. S. 1894, 470. 
. R. L. 9, § 11. 
. Acted on. 
. R. 1894, 508, § 80. 
. R. 1889, 301, § 10. 
. S. Res. 1898, c. 66. 
. R. L. 50, §§ 20-22. 
. R. L. 12, § 23, cl. 2. 
. R. L. 108, ^5; S. in part, 

1892, 128; 1895, 284, § 1. 
. R. L. 10, §§ 6, 9, 17; S. in 
part, 1893, 358, 409; 1895, 
284, §§ 1, 2. 
. R. L. 102, § 133. 
. R. L. 76, §§ 24, 25. 
. T. 

. S. 1897, 187, § 1. 
. R. L. 76, § 28. 
. S. 1897, 187, § 2. 
. R. L. 76, § 27. 
. S. 1900, 294, § 2. 
. R. L. 76, § 29. 
. 0. 

. R. 1888, 390, § 95. 
. R. L. 208, § 77. 
. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
. R. L. 176, § 28. 
. T. 

. S. 1894, 66. 
. R. L. 21, § 2. 
. R. L. 7, H3 ; S. in part, 1889, 

238 ; 1892, 233 ; 1898, 235. 
. R. L. 52, § 1. 
. R. L. 160, § 67. 
. S. 1894, 415. 
. R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
. R. L. 87, § 29. 
, S. 1897, 359. 
. R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

S. 1893, 479. 

S. 1901, 372. 

R. 1888, 239, § 2. 

S. 1891, 161. 

Acted on. 

S. 1899, 314. 

R. L. Ill, § 63. 

R. L. 91, § 128. 

R. L. 91, § 124. 

S. 1891, 137. 

R. L. 91, ^ 130. 

S. 1899, 360. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

S. 1890, 229. 

S. 1893, 190. 

R. 1897, 439, ,j 14. 

R. 1897, 444, | 31. 

R. L. 67, § 30. 

R. L. 100, § 88. 



XXVlll 


STATUTES ENACTED SINCI 


1887, c. 207 . . . 


. Declaratory and repealing 




statute. 


" 208 . . 


. S. 1893, 479. 


" 209 . . 


. S. 1892, 287. 


•' 211 . . 


. R. L. 20, § 14. 


" 212. . . 


. Special. 


" 214 . . 


. S. 1894, 522, and earlier stat- 




utes. 


•' 215 . . . 


. R. 1894, 508, ^^ 80. 


" 216, § 1 . 


. R. L. 114, § 4. 


" 216, § 2 . 


. R. L. 114, I 9. 


" 216, § 3 


. R. L. 114, § 5. 


•' 216, { 4 . 


. R. L. 114, § 17. 


'' 216, § 5 . 


. S. 1898, 247, ^ 3. 


" 217. . . 


. R. 1893, 422, ^S 2. 


" 218. . . 


. R. L. 108, § 8 ; S. in part, 1894, 




481, § 2. 


" 219 . . . 


. R. 1887, 276, § 2. 


'< 221 . . . 


. S. 1891, 429. 


" 225. . . 


. S. 1896, 369. 


•' 226 . . 


. R. L. 12, § 55. 


" 227. . 


. S. 1894, 374. 


" 228 . . 


. R. L. 14, § 61. 


» 231 . . . 


. R. 1894, 444, ^S 10. 


" 232 . . 


. R. L. 100, § 67. 


" 234 . . 


. R. L. 108, ^S^ 32-35, except 


" 234, § 3 . 


. Special. 


" 239 . . 


. R. L. 87, § 84. 


" 243 . . 


. S. 1895, 369. 


" 245 . . 


. S. 1892, 143. 


" 246 . . 


. R. L. 201, §§ 1, 2. 


" 248 . . 


. R. L. 71, §§ 3, 7, 8, 11. 


" 249 . . 


. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


" 250 . . 


. T. 


" 252 . . 


. R. 1894, 491, § 59. 


" 256 . . 


. S. 1894, 481, § 1. 


" 259 . . 


. R. 1893, 469, § 4. 


" 262 . . 


. T. 


" 263 . . 


. R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 9. 


" 264 . . 


. Acted on. 


" 265 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 266 . . 


. R. 1888, 248, § 2. 


" 267 . . 


. R. 1896, 397, § 24. 


" 269, § 1 


. R. L. 106, § I; S. in part, 




1888, 261. 


" 269, § 2 


. R. L. 106, § 3. 


" 269, I 3 


. S. 1890, 385. 


" 269, I 4 


. R. L. 106, §§ 2, 7. 


" 269, § 5 


. R. L. 106, §§1, 2, 6. 


" 270, ^ 1 


. S. 1892, 260, § 1. 


" 270, I 2 


. R. L. 106, § 73. 


" 270, I 3 


. S. 1892, 260, ^S 2. 


" 270, §§ 4- 


' . R. L. 106, ^S'' 76-79. 


" 272. . 


. R. 1890, 423, ^S 228. 


" 273. . 


. R. 1893, 469, § 4. 


" 274, §§ 1, 


3 . Special. 


" 274, § 2 


. S. 1889, 92. 


" 276 . . 


. R. by repeal of P. S. 104, ^ 13 




by 1894, 481. 


" 277, § 1 


. R. L. 69, ^ 11. 


" 277, § 2 


. S. 1895, 348, § 6. 


<' 277, § 3 


. R. L. 69, ^ 13 ; S. in part, 1895, 




348, § 1. 


" 280 . . 


. . R. 1894, 508, § 80. 


" 281 . . 


. . R. 1900, 399, ^^ 2. 


" 283, § 1 


. . R. L. 14, §§ 24, 54, 63. 


" 283, § 2 


. . R. L. 14, ^ 32 ; S. in part, 1894, 




522, § 92. 


" 283, § 3 


. . R. L. 14, § 34. 


" 286 . . 


. . R. L. 184, § 49. 


" 289. .« 


. R. L. 165, § 54. 


" 290 . . 


. . R. 1899, 479, ^ 13. 


" 291 . . 


. . R. L. 165, §\ 15, 31, 34. 


" 292, § 1 


. . R. L. 225, § 83. 



1887, c. 292, 


§-i ■ 


. R. L. 225, ^§ 122, 129. 


" 293 . 




. S. 1893, 396, ^ 34, 36, 39. 


" 295 . 




. R. L. Ill, ^^ 136. 


" 298 . 




. R. L. 67, i§ 9, 30. 


" 300 . 




. S. 1901, 141. 


" 307 . 




. R. L. 102, § 131. 


" 310, 


§i '. 


. R. L. 24, § 21. 


" 310, 


i2 . 


. R. L. 24, §§ 10, 26. 


" 310, 


,^3 . 


. S. 1890, 71. 


" 314 . 




. S. 1900, 428, § 1. 


" 315 . 




. R. L. 225, ^ 136. 


" 318 . 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 319 . 




. R. 1894, 317, v^ 53. 


" 320 . 




. R. L. 152, § 39. 


" 322 




. R. L. 160, I 2. 


" 323 




. R. L. 100, § 15. 


" 327 . 




. Special and S. in part, 1894. 
379. 


" 329 . 




. Acted on. 


" 330 . 




. R. 1894, 508, § 80. 


" 332, 


M 


. R. L. 152, §§ 6, 29, 30. 


" 332, 


§'2 


. R. L. 153, §§ 12, 31, 32, 37; 
162, § 4. 


" 332, 


sS3 


. R. L. 162, § 18. 


" 332, 


H 


. R. L. 173, § 106. 


" 332, 


r^ 


. T. 


" 334, 


,^\~ 


i . R. L. Ill, §§ 8, 169. 


" 334, 


H 


. R. L. Ill, \ 10. 


• " 335 




. R. 1897, 437, ^^ 8. 


" 336 




. 0. 


" 338 




. R. L. 75, ^ 75, 80, 81. 


" 339 




. R. L. 210, § 23. 


" 340, 


H 


. R. L. 147, §§ 21, 22. 


" 340, 


r^ 


. S. 1897, 326. 


" 341 




. R. L. 223, § 39. 


" 342, 


H 


. S. 1890, 160. 


" 342, 


§2 


. S. 1891, 342. 


" 345 




. R. L. 26, § 24. 


'« 346, 


M 


. R. L. 87, § 31; S. in part, 
1897, 451, § 3. 


" 346, 


^S2 


. S. 1896, 482. 


'< 347 




. R. L. 167, § 12. 


" 348 




. R. L. 33, § 19. 


" 355 




, R. L. 223, § 4. 


" 361 




. R. 1891, 125, ^ 4. 


" 362 




. R. L. Ill, ^ 212; S. in part, 
1891, 249. 


" 364 




. R. L. 18, § 1. 


'« 365 




. R. L. 100, § 39. 


" 366 




. S. 1896, 409. 


" 367 




. R. L. 84, § 8; S. in part, 1898, 
433, § 11. 


" 371 




. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


" 373 




. S. 1889, 286. 


" 375 




. R. L. 225, § 117. 


" 380 




. S. 1895, 419, § 10. 


" 382 




. R. L. 121, except 


" 382, 


§S 


. S. 1892, 274. 


" 383 




. Omitted by committee on re- 
vision. 


" 385 




. R. L. 121, §§ 5, 14-23. 


" 391, 


sS^'i. 


2 . R. 1895, 434, § 5. 


" 391, 


^3 


. R. L. 98, § 4. 


" 391, 


H 


. . Acted on. 


" 392 




. . R. L. 100, § 53; S. in part, 
1896, 397, § 16. 


" 393 




. . R. L. 52, §^^ 32, 33. 


" 395 




. . R. L. 225, § 136. 


" 399 




. 11. 1894, 508, § 80. 


" 401 




. . S. 1893, 197, § 2. 


" 404 




. R. L. 36, ^ 5, 13, 47-54, except 


" 404, 


§s 


. . S. 1895, 105. 


" 406 




. . S. 1888, 297. 


" 407 




. . R. L. 178, §§ 31, 32. 



t^TATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXIX 



1887, c. 411 . . 

" 414, §^^ 1, 

" 414, I 3 

" 418 . . 

" 419 . . 

" 420 . . 

" 422 . . 

" 423 . . 

" 426, § 1 

" 426, § 2 

" 430 . . 

" 431 . . 

" 432 . . 

" 433, § 1 

" 433, § 2 

" 433, I 3 

" 433, § 4 

" 435, ^ 1 

" 435, iS^ 2, 

" 436, ^ 1 

" 436, \ 2 

" 437 . . 

<' 438, ^ 1 

" 438, ^ 2 

" 438, \ 3 

" 438, \ 4 

" 438, ^ 5 . 

« 438, ^^ 6, 7 

" 440 .. . 

" 441, ^ 1 

" 441, \ 2 

" 441, § 3 

" 441, ^ 4 

<' 441, ^^ 5 

" 442, \ 1 

" 442, § 2 

«' 442, \ 3 

" 442, ^^ 4 

«' 443 . . 

" 445 . . 

" 446 . . 

« 447, ^ 1- 

" 447, \ 4 

«' 447, \ 5 

" 447, \ 6 

" 447, ^ 7 

" 447, I 8 

" 447, v^ 9 

" 447, §^^ 10 

" 447, ^^ 12 

" 447, I 13 



447, § 14 
447, § 15 

447, § 16 

448, § 1 
448, § 2 
449 . . 

1 . . 

22. . 

23. . 

24. . 
40. . 
41 . . 
46. . 

49. . 

50. . 



1888, c. 



11, 



K. 1893, 367, § 167. 

li. L. 100, ^^^S 65, 66. 

R. L. 101, § 9. 

R. L. 134, I 20. 

S. 1897, 241. 

R. 1899, 310, § 3. 

R. L. 65, § 18 ; 212, ^^ 52. 

R. 1888, 90, § 2. 

S. 1896, 304. 

R. L. 86, § 35. 

R. L. Ill, § 94. 

R. 1896, 397, § 24. 

R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

R. 1888, 348, § 12. 

S. 1889, 135. 

S. 1894, 508, § 25. 

R. L. 42, ^ 13. 

R. L. 220, ^^ 21. 

R. L. 225, ^S*" 116, 127-129. 

R. L. 212, § 27. 

R. L. 218, ^S^S 39, 44. 

R. 1896, 517, ^ 8. 

R. L. 21, § 45. 

S. 1890, 306. 

R. L. 21, §§ 47, 48. 

R. L. 21, ^ 48; S. in part, 

1890, 216, ^^ 2. 
R. L. 160, ^S 61 ; 161, § 59 ; S. in 

part, 1890, 216 ; 1893, 369, ^^ 9. 
R. L. 21, §§ 48-50. 
R. L. 85, §§ 10, 11; S. in part, 

1898, 433, § 24 ; 1900, 333. 
T. 
R. L. 87, § 124 ; R. & S. in 

part, 1890, 354. 
R. L. 87, § 125; S. in part, 

1898, 433, j 24. 
S. 1889, 230, § 2. 
T. 
R. L. 168, § 18; S. in part, 

1889, 415, § 1. 
R. L. 168, §§ 18, 20. 
R. L. 168, ^^ 70. 
R. L. 168, § 20. 
R. 1888, 434, § 6. 
R. L. 102, ^S 180. 
R. L. 102, I 184. 
R. L. 225, §§ 43, 44, 51, 57. 
R. L. 225, § 57. 
R. 1891, 228, ^ 2. 
S. & R. 1895, 322, ^^ 2 ; 1901, 

364, § 4. 
R. 1888, 403, § 6. 
S. 1888, 403, § 2. 
R. L. 225, ^§ 51, 52. 
R. L. 225, ^<1 56. 
S. 1888, 403, § 4. 
R. L. 225, §§45, 52, 54; S. in 

part, 1898, 334, § I. 
R. L. 222, § 9. 
S. 1901, 364. 
T. 

R. 1892, 388, § 2. 
R. 1895, 419, § 14. 
R. L. 56, § 49. 
R. L. 3, § 12. 
R. L. 225, § 43. 
R. 1889, 440, § 14. 
R. 1897, 114, § 2. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
S. 1889, 177. 
R. L. 198, § 23. 
R. L. 220, § 27. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 



1888, c. 



51 
53 
54 
55 
58 
59 
60 
63 



65 

67, 

69. 

70 

84 

85 



90. 

94. 

95. 

96. 
105. 
110. 
112. 
113 . 
114. 
115 . 
116. 
120. 
122. 
123. 
127. 
134. 
135. 
139. 
141 . 
146. 
148, § 



148, § 2 
149 . . 



151 . 

152 

153, 

154 

155 

157 



158, 

160 

163 

164 

165 

170 

173 

174 

176 

177 

180 

181 
184 
186 



189. 
191 . 
192. 
193 . 
193, § 4 
195 
199, 
200 



R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

S. 1893, 479. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

S. 1892, 271. 

R. L. 160, § 2. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

S. & R. 1888, 306, § 1; 1897. 

444, § 31. 
R. L. 20, § 14. 
R. L. 163, § 113. 
S. 1898, 433. 
Special. 

S. 1894, 522, § 5. 
R. 1889, 440, § 14. 
R. 1892, 419, § 138. 
S. 1893, 479. 
S. 1899, 217. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. L. 173, § 115; 219, § 36. 
S. 1898, 324. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
S. 1893, 477 ; 1894, 455. 
S. 1893, 479. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
S. 1894, 422. 
S. 1897, 430. 
R. L. 110, § 11. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. 1889, 440, § 14. 
R. 1897, 515, § 10. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. L. 125, §§ 13-16. 
R. L. 208, l§ 14, 15. 
R. L. 100, §1 36, 37. 
S. 1894, 133, § 2. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
R. L. 139, § 2; S. in part, 

1888, 380. 
R. L. 146, § 15. 
S. & R. 1891, 261 ; 1894, 508, 

§80. 
S. 1891, 291. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
R. L. 165, §§ 6, 35. 
S. 1894, 522, § 84. 
S. 1892, 260, I 2. 
R. L. 7, § 12 ; S. in part, 1893, 

138 ; 1895, 424. 
S, 1889, 465. 
R. L. 25, § 14. 
R. L. 56, §§ 29-34. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 
S. 1894, 522, § 28. 
Special. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
S. 1892, 347. 
R. L. Ill, § 235. 
R. L. 125, §§ 3, 7. 
S. 1890, 440, §§ 6, 8; 1891, 

325, § 1 ; 1893, 396, § 9. 
R. L. 108, §§ 32-34. 
S. 1895, 260. 
R. 1889, 440, § 14. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 225, § 26. 
S. 1889, 440. 
R. L. 225, §§118, 129. 
Special, except 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. 1889, 451, § 8. 
R. 1890, 423, § 228. 



< 



XXX 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1888 



c. 203 
206 
207 
209 
211, 



i 1 



211, ^ 2- 

211, § G 

212 

213 

214 

219 

220 

221 

223 

228 

233 

234 

235 

238 

239 

240 

243 

244 

246 

248 

249 

250 

250, ^ 2 

253 . . 

254, § 1 

254, § 2 

256 . . 

257, iSU, 

257, § 3 

257, § 4 

257, v^ 5 

257, ^^ 6 

257, sS^ 7, 

261 .■ . 

262. . 

264 . . 

267, § 1 

267, § 2 



269. . 

273 . . 
274, ^ 1 

274, § 2 

275, § I 

275, § 2 

276. . 

277. . 

278, ^^ 1 
278, ^^ 2 
280 . . 
282. . 
283 . . 
285 . . 
287, § 1 
287, § 2 
288 . . 

289. . 

290, §§ 
4, 5 ■. 

290, 5 3 
291 . . 
292. . 
296. . 
297 . . 
301, ^ 1 
301, \ 6 
304 . . 
304, § 2 
304, § 3 



R. 1890, 423, § 228. 

11. 1890, 423, i^ 228. 

li. 1888, 426, § 14. 

K. 189G, 397, § 24. 

11. L. 161, § 49. 

R. L. 161, §§ 61-63. 

R. L. 165, § 24. 

Special. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 100, § 2. 

R. L. 32, § 46. 

R. 1893, 423, ^^ 1. 

Special. 

R. L. 23, § 18. 

S. 1891, 107; 1894, 336. 

S. 1897, 324. 

S. 1900, 400. 

R. 1896, 268, § 3 (impliedly). 

R. L. 39, § 19. 

R. L. Ill, § 192. 

R. L. 102, \ 36. 

R. L. 23, § 18. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

S. 1898, 496, § 35. 

R. L. 160, ^^ 2. 

Special, except 

S. 1894, 317, § 21, cl. 3, h. 

R. L. 19, ^ 8. 

S. 1889, 347. 

R. L. 100, ^^§ 17, 53. 

R. 1889, 440, § 14. 

R. L. 165, §§ 34, 37. 

R. 1891, 87, § 2. 

R. L. 165, § 31. 

R. L. 165, § 41 ; 204, § 6. 

S. 1890, 440. 

R. L. 204, §^S 8, 9. 

R. L. 106, ^^1. 

R. L. 100, § 17. 

S. 1889, 412. 

S. 1899, 470. 

R. L. 7, § 14 ; S. in part, 1895, 

424. 
R. 1900, 209, ^^ 2. 
R. L. 134, ^ 5. 
R. 1892, 104, § 2. 
R. 1892, 328, § 2. 
R. L. 21, § 49. 
S. 1891, 292, § 1. 
R. 1890, 193, § 2. 
S. 1890, 440. 
R. L. 112, § 78. 
T. 

R. L. 164, § 29. 
R. L. 165, ^J 61. 
R. L. 100, ^^ 42. 
S. 1890, 440, § 11. 
S. 1892, 234. 
R. L. 91, § 139. 
R. 1889, 275, ^1 2. 
R. L. 7, § 13. 

R. L. 162, ^ 10-12, 27. 

T. 

S. 1901, 527. 

R. 1891, 142, § 2. 

R. 1896, 297, § 8. 

R. L. 100, §^ 72, 75, 82. 

Special, except 

S. 1894, 317, § 21, cl. 4, a. 

R. L. 38, §§ 7-10, except 

S. 1889, 112. 

S. 1893, 417, § 290. 



1888, c. 305 . . . . 


R. 1894, .508, § 80. 


" 306, § 1 . . 


R. 1897, 444, § 31. 


" 306, ^ 2 . . 


R. 1897, 437, § 8. 


" 307. .. . 


R. 1897, 439, § 14. 


" 308, § 1 . 


R. L. 26, § 17. 


" 308, i^ 2 . 


T. 


" 310, ^ 1 . 


S. 1898, 165. 


" 310,^^2,3 


R. L. 32, ^^^S 43, 44. 


" 311 . . . 


R. L. 212, ^^ 8, 9. 


" 313 . . . 


R. L. 52, § 18. 


" 314, ^S 1 . 


R. L. L57, § 24; S. in part, 




1899, 140. 


" 314, ^^ 2 . 


T. 


" 314, §§ 3, 4 


R. L. 157, §§ 24, 27. 


" 315 . . . 


R. L. 12, ^§ 73, 74. 


« 316 . . . 


S. 1893, 199. 


" 317. . . 


R. L. 225, § 117. 


" 318, § 1 . 


R. L. 96, § 27. 


" 318, §§ 2, 3 


R. L. 96, ^§ 15, 16. 


" 318, § 4 . 


R. L. 96, § 18. 


" 318, §§ 5-7 


R. L. 96, ^S^ 19-22, 24-26. 


" 320. . . 


R. L. 102, ^^ 133, 134. 


" 321 . . . 


S. 1895, 387. 


" 322, § 1 . 


R. L. 6, § 35. 


" 322, § 2 . 


R. L. 225, ^ 136. 


" 323. . . 


R. L. 12, f 41. 


" 325 . . . 


R. L. 181, §§ 6-8. 


" 326. . . 


R. L. 36, § 5. 


" 327. . . 


R. L. 223, § 39. 


" 328. . . 


R. L. 222, § 2. 


" 329. . . 


S. 1898, 533, § 4. 


" 330, § 1 . 


S. 1897, 350, § 2. 


" 330, 1 2 . 


R. L. 225, § 137. 


" 331 . . . 


R. L. 91, ^^ 68. 


" 333 . . . 


Special. 


<' 334. . . 


R. L. 19, § 17. 


" 335. . . 


S. 1889, 408. 


" 336. . . 


R. L. 25, §§ 7-11 ; S. in part, 




1901, 469. 


" 337. . . 


R. 1889, 294, § 2. 


'< 340 . . . 


R. 1899, 462, | 4. 


" 341 . . . 


R. L. 100, § 19. 


" 344 . . . 


R. L. 197, §§ 9, 12, 13. 


" 345 . . . 


R. L. 189, § 33. 


" 346, ^ 1 . 


R. L. 184, $ 2. 


" 346, ^^ 2 . 


0. 


" 346, § 3 . 


R. L. 184, § 57. 


" 348 . . . 


R. 1894, 508, ^S 80. 


" 350 . . . 


R. L. 121, §§ 7, 33-35. 


" 352. . . 


S. 1893, 396, § 67. 


" 353 . . . 


R. 1890, 423, ^S 228. 


" 355 . . . 


R. 1894, 317, ^ 53. 


" 357 . . . 


R. L. 165, §§ 72, 74. 


« 362 . . . 


R. L. 12, § 85. 


" 363. . . 


R. L. 12, 1 4. 


" 365. . . 


R. 1896, 302, § 2. 


" 366. . . 


R. 1892, 366, § 7. 


" 370. . . 


Special, except ^ 3; S. 1896, 




275. 


" 371. . . 


R. L. 165, § 77. 


<' 372 ... 


R. L. 74, § 6. 


" 375, ^^ 1 . 


R. L. 75, §§4, 112, 115, 116; 




S. in part, 1897, 510, § 2. 


" 375, § 2 . 


R. L. 75, §§ 113, 115, 116; S. 




in part, 1890, 441, $ 1 ; 1897, 




510, § 1. 


" 375, ^^ 3 . 


R. L. 75, ^ 115, 117. 


" 375, § 4 . 


R. L. 75, I 117. 


" 375, ^ S, . 


Acted on. 


" 377. . . 


R. 1891, 427, ^ 8. 


" 379. . . 


S. 1893, 186. 


" 380 . . . 


R. L. 139, v^ 2 ; 146, f 15. 


" 382 . . . 


R. 1890, 423, ^^ 228. 


« 383 . . . 


T. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXXI 



8, c. 384 . . . . 


K. L. 16, §§ 106-112. 


1888, 0. 413, § 14 


. R. L. 116, § 30. 


" 385. . . . 


R. L. 5, § 1. 


" 413, §§ 15 


16, R. L. 116, §§ 32, 33. 


" 387. .. . 


R. L. 117. 


" 413, § 17 


. S. 1901, 255. 


" 388. .. . 


S. 1892, 428, § 1. 


" 413, § 18 


. S. 1894, 274. 


" 389, §1 . . 


S. 1894,. 481, I 1. 


" 413, § 19 


. R. L. 116, § 9. 


" 389, §2 . . 


R. 1897, 288, ^^ 3. 


" 413, § 20 


. R. L. 12, § 26. 


« 390, §1 1, 4-6, 


R. L. 13, §§ 2, 5, 6. 


" 413, §§ 21 


22, R. L. 14, § 35. 


" 390, §§ 2, 3, 




" 413, § 23 


. R. L. 14, §§ 36, 54, 61, 63. 


7, 8 . . . 


S. 1889, 334, §§ 1-4. 


" 413, § 24 


. R. L. 14, §§ 38, 40. 


" 390, ^§ 9-17 . 


R. L. 13, §§ 16-18, 20-23, 25. 


" 413, § 25 


. R. L. 116, § 11. 


" 390, ^U8 . . 


S. 1893, 241. 


" 413, § 26 


. R. L. 116, §§ 36, 37. 


" 390, ^§ 19, 23, 




" 413, § 27 


. R. L. 110, § 16. 


24, 30, 32, 




" 414, § 1 


. R. L. 57, § 25. 


33, 49, 51 . 


S. 1889, 334, §§ 5-11, 13, 14. 


" 414, § 2 


. R. L. 62, § 5 ; S. in part, 1894, 


" 390,^^20-22, 






198, § 6. 


25-27 . . 


R. L. 13, §§ 28-30, 33, 34, 24. 


" 415 . . 


. S. 1893, 396, 6§ 58, 64, 69. 


" 390, ^§28,29, 




" 417. . 


. R. L. 225, § 137. 


41 . . . 


R. 1889, 334, §§ 3, 8. 


" 419, §§ 1, 


2, 4, R. L. 168, §§ 17, 18. 


" 390,^^^31,35, 




" 419, § 3 


. S. 1890, 128. 


36 . . . 


R. L. 13, §^ 1, 35, 38. 


" 419, § 5 


. S. 1889, 415, § 5. 


« 390, §5i . . 


R. 1899, 425, s^i 3. 


" 419, § 6 


. S. 1891, 271. 


" 390, § 37 . . 


S. 1889, 334, ^S 12 ; 1901, 108. 


" 419, §§ 7- 


10 . R. L. 168, §§ 33, 35, 36, 57. 


" 390, ^^S 38, 39, 




" 419, § 11 


. S. 1894, 308. 


42, 44-48 . 


R. L. 13, §§ 39, 57, 42, 44-46. 


'< 419, § 12 


. S. 1898, 559. 


" 390, § 40 . . 


S. 1900, 376. 


" 419, § 13 


. R. L. 160, § 67; 168, §§75,76, 


" 390, ^3 • • 


S. 1901, 197. 




78, 79. 


" 390,^^50,52, 


R. L. 13, §§ 48, 53. 


" 420 . . 


. R. L. 148, § 24. 


" 390, l§ 53, 54, 


S. 1892, 109. 


" 425 . 




. S. 1896, 490, § 3. 


" 390,^^55-68, 


R.L. 13, ^ 13, 55, 56, 58, 60-69. 


« 426 . 




. R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


" 390,^^69-75, 




" 428 . 




. R. 1890, 252, § 2. 


77-85, 89 . 


R. L. 13, §§ 70-74, 76, 84; S. 


" 429 . 




. S. 1890, 341 ; 1894, 367. 




in part, 1889, 334, § 15. 


" 431, §§ 1- 


3 . S. 1893, 200. 


'< 390, § 76 . . 


S. 1900, 177. 


" 431, § 4 


. S. 1890, 379. 


" 390, ^ 86-88, 


Omitted as superfluous. 


" 431, § 5 


. S. 1898, 466, § 5. 


" 390, §^90,91, 




" 432 . . 


. R. L. 6, § 14; S. in part, 1891, 


94 . . . 


R. L. 13, §§ 85, 86. 




375. 


" 390, § 92 . . 


R. L. 13, ^ 8 ; S. iu part, 1892, 


" 433 . . 


. R. L. 187, § 22. 




370, § 3. 


" 434 . . 


. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


" 390, § 93 . . 


S. 1893, 423, § 37; 1898, 548, 


" 436 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




§§331, 339. 


" 437. . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 390, ^ 96 . . 


R. L. 13, § 87 ; S. in part, 1889, 


" 438, §§ 1, 


3 . R. 1889, 298, § 3. 




334, § 16. 


" 438, §§ 2, 


4 . R. 1889, 279, § 10. 


" 391 ... . 


R. 1893, 466, § 3. 


'< 441 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 393 ... . 


R. L. 163, § 37. 


1889, c. 11 . 




. R. L. 165, § 5 ; S. in part. 


" 395. . . . 


R. L. 212, § 68. 






1892, 187. 


" 396, p . . 


R. L. 79, § 22. 


12. 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 396, l§ 2, 4, 5 


R. 1891, 196, § 2. 


16. 




. S. 1898, 322. 


" 396, 1 3 . . 


R. L. 79, § 23. 


19. 




. S. 1892, 93. 


" 397. .. . 


R. L. 48, §§88, 89; S. in part. 


21. 




. S. 1892, 166. 




1892, 415, § 3. 


28. 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 399. .. . 


R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


30. 




. R. L. 20, § 14. 


" 403, §^ 1, 5 . 


R. L. 225, § 43. 


32. 




. R. 1889, 440, § 14. 


" 403, ^ 2 . . 


S. 1891, 371. 


35. 




. R. 1889, 440, § 14. 


" 403, $ 3 . . 


R. L. 225, §§ 51-53. 


38. 




. R. L. 23, § 18. 


«' 403, H • • 


R. L. 225, § 58. 


39. 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 403, ^ 6 . . 


Acted on. 


41 . 




. S. 1893, 479. 


" 403, §7 . . 


R. L. 223, §§ 41, 46; 225, § 46. 


45. 




. Special. 


" 403, § 8 . . 


Acted on. 


50. 




. . R. L. 165, §§ 6, 35. 


" 403, § 9 . . 


S. 1891, 292, § 1. 


53 . 




. R. 1895, 93. 


«' 405, 1 1 . . 


R. U 177, § 25. 


54. 




. S. 1898, 429. 


" 405, § 2 . . 


R. L. 167, §§ 116, 1-21, 123. 


" 58. 




. . R. L. 21, § 2. 


" 405, ^ 3 . . 


R. L. 177, § 26; 193, § 24; 


62. 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 




R. in part, 1895, 234, § 27. 


66. 




. R. L. 147, § 18. 


" 413, §1 . . 


R. L. 116, §§ 1, 14. 


69. 




. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


" 413, §§ 2, 3 . 


S. 1897, 304. 


" 70. 




. R. L. 6, § 14. 


" 413, §4 . . 


R. L. 116, § 8. 


77. 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 413, §5 . . 


R. L. 116, § 10. 


" 83 . 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 413, § 6 . . 


R. L. 116, § 12; S. in part. 


84. 




. R. L. 12, § 15. 




1890, 315, § 1. 


85 . 




. . R. L. 21, § 3. 


" 413, ^ 7 . . 


R. L. 116, §§ 16-18, 24. 


86. 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 413, 1 8 . . 


R. L. 116, §§ 18, 19, 21, 23. 


88. 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 413, l§ 9-12 . 


R. L. 116, §§ 24-27. 


90, § 1 


. R. L. 218, § 16; 219, § 17. 


" 413, ilS . . 


R. L. 116, § 28; S. in part, 


" 90, § 2 


. . T. 




1900, 257. 


91. 




. . R. 1894, 317, § 53. 



XXXll 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1889, c. 



92. . . 


. S. 1893, 479. 


1889, c. 237 . 




. S. 1889, 269. 


97. . 


. S. 1899, 315. 


" 238 . 




. It. L. 7, § 13. 


98. . 


. K. 1893, 423, § 1. 


" 239 . 




. S. 1900, 331. 


100 . . 


. K. L. 175, § 66. 


" 241 . 




. R. 1893, 131, § 2. 


101 . . 


. It. 1890, 239. 


" 242 . 




. It. L. 160, § 67. 


103. . 


. S. 1892, 96. 


" 249 . 




. It. 1894, 498, ^S 30. 


108. . 


. It. L. 75, § 66. 


" 250 . 




. R. L. 7, § 13. 


109, § 1 


. S. 1901, 193. 


" 251 . 




. It. 1893, 469, § 4. 


109, vH 2, 


3 . It. & S. 1901, 290. 


" 253 . 




. It. L. 21, § 31. 


109, 1^^ 4, 


5 . 11. L. 91, ^S^ 93, 94. 


" 258 . 




. R. L. 110, § 50. 


109, ^^ 6 


• 'i'- 


" 260 . 




. R. L. 21, § 2. 


111 . . 


. Si)ecial. 


" 261 . 




. S. 1901, 362. 


112. . 


. It. L. 38, § 7. 


" 263 . 




. R. L. 160, § 67. 


113. . 


. R. L. 220, § 16. 


" 266 . 




. R. L. 148, I 15. 


114. . 


. It. L. 100, § 53. 


" 267 . 




. R. 1894, 461, § 5. 


115. . 


. It. L. 12, § 51. 


" 268 . 




. T. 


122 . . 


. Special. 


" 269 . 




. R. L. 162, ^^ 62. 


123 . . 


. It. L. 86, s^ 44. 


" 270 . 




. R. 1894, 435, § 3. 


124. . 


. It. 1889, 440, § 14. 


" 277 . 




. S. 1901, 415. 


130 . . 


. K. L. 160, ^^ 67. 


" 279 . 




. R. 1894, 279, § 11. 


135 . . 


. S. 1891, 317. 


" 281 . 




. It. L. 160, ^ 67. 


136. . 


. R. 1900, 144, § 3. 


«' 284 . 




. R. L. 66, § 3. 


137. . 


. R. L. 160, ^ 67. 


" 286 . 




. S. 1891, 116. 


143. . 


. R. L. 160, I 67. 


" 287 . 




. R. L. 157, § 24. 


150. . 


. R. 1889, 440, § 14. 


" 288 . 




. R. 1897, 444, § 31. 


152, § 1 


. Special. 


" 289 . 




. S. 1891, 71. 


152, § 2 


. S. 1899, 234. 


" 291 . 




. It. 1894, 508, § 80. 


154. . . 


. R. 1896, 302, § 2. 


" 294 . 




. It. L. 223, § 40. 


158. . 


. R. L. 160, s^ 67. 


" 298 . 




. S. 1890, 447. 


159, § 1 


. S. 1894, 342. 


" 299 . 




. R. L. 78, § 3. 


159, § 2 


. S. 1895, 171. 


" 301 . 




. R. 1894, 301, § 10. 


161. . . 


. It. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 303 . 




. R. L. 20, ^ 14. 


164 . . 


. R. 1889, 440, ^^ 14. 


" 305 . 




. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


169. . 


. S. 1900, 459, ^^ 1. 


" 308 . 




. R. L. 157, § 24. 


170. . . 


. It. L. 160, ^58; S. in part. 


" 309, ^^ 1 


. R. L. 83, § 10. 




1892, 58. 


" 309, § 2 


. S. 1891, 194. 


173. . 


. R. L. 176, ^^ 16. 


" 309, §^^ 3, 


4 . R. L. 83, §§ 18, 19. 


174. . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 310 . . 


. S. 1896, 147. 


177. . 


. R. L. 19, ^ 2. 


" 311 . . 


. R. L. 165, §^ 56, 60. 


178. . 


. R. 1893, 423, § 1. 


" 312 . . 


. R. L. 160, ^ 2. 


180 . . . 


. It. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 313 . . 


. R. L. 163, § 53. 


182. . 


. R. L. 162, ^ 62. 


" 315 . . 


. R. L. 148, § 26. 


183. . 


. R. L. 19, § 12. 


" 316, § 1 


. S. 1892, 192. 


185. . 


. R. L. 150, § 24. 


" 316, ^^ 2 


. It. L. 109, ^<;25; 112, §21 


186. . 


. S. 1893, 417, § 9. 


" 316, ^S^ 3, 


4 . R. L. 112, §§ 23, 24. 


191. . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 317 . . 


. R. 1894, 65, § 3. 


192 . . 


. R. L. 137, § 4. 


" 321 . . 


. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


193. . 


. R. L. 75, vS^ 95-98. 


" 324 . . 


. R. 1894, 424, § 7. 


196. . 


. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


" 326 . . 


. R. L. 213, § 5. 


197. . 


. R. L. 17, ^^5; 175, §§ 1,46. 


" 327. . 


. S. 1898, 355. 


198 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 328, v^ 1 


. R. L. Ill, § 83. 


202 . . 


. It. 1891, 164, § 8. 


" 328, ^^ 2 


. R. L. Ill, § 26. 


204. . 


. R. L. 153, § 1; S. in part. 


" 334, ^ 1, 


2 . R. L. 13, §^ 3, 4. 




1900, 450. 


" 334, s^ 3 


. S. 1890, 331, § 2. 


206. . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 334, v^ 4 


. R. L. 13, § 14. 


208. . 


. It. 1897, 444, § 31. 


" 334, \§ 5- 


J . R. L. 13, §§ 27, 31, 32. 


209. . 


. R. L. 164, § 29. 


" 334, § 8 


. Acted on. 


210. . 


. R. L. 112, I 17. 


" 334, l§ 9, 


10, R. L. 13, §§ 35, 36. 


211 . . 


. . R. 1893, 469, § 4. 


" 334, § 11 


. R. 1899, 425, § 3. 


212 . . 


. R. 1889, 440, § 14. 


" 334, ^^ 12 


. S. 1901, 108. 


215 . . 


. R. L. 165, § 21. 


" 334, ^ 13 


. R. L. 13, § 47. 


217. . 


. S. 1897, 356. 


" 334, § 14 


. R. L. 13, § 52. 


218. . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 334, § 15 


. R. L. 13, §§ 70, 72. 


222, § 1 


. Acted on. 


" 334, v^ 16 


. R. L. 13, § 87. 


222, § 2 


. T. 


" 334, § 17 


. T. 


222, § 3 


. R. L. 109, y^ 34. 


" 339 . . 


. S. 1893, 291. 


224. . 


. R. 1897, 444, § 31. 


" 342 . 




. R. L. 116, § 14. 


226. . 


. R. L. 39, (, 19. 


" 344 . 




. R. L. 100, § 44. 


227 . . 


. S. 1891, 160. 


" 347 . 




. R. L. 100, § 41. 


229. . 


. R. L. 112, § 50. 


" 348 . 




. R. L. 12, § 19. 


230, § 1 


. . T. 


" 349 . 




. S. 1901, 211. 


230, §2 


. R. L. 87, § 126; S. in part, 


" 351 . 




. It. L. 19, v^ 2. 




1898, 433, § 24. 


" 352 . 




. R. L. 19, vS 10. 


234. . 


. S. 1894, 170. 


" 356 . 




. S. 1891, 195. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXXIII 



1889, c. 360 . 

" 361 . 

" 370 . 

" 371 . 

" 372 . 

" 373 . 

" 374 . 

" 377 . 

" 378 . 

" 380 . 

" 383 . 

" 384 . 

" 387 . 

" 390 . 

" 391 . 

<' 393 . 



395. 
398. 
399. 
401 . 
402, ^ 1 
402, § 2 
404. . 
406, § 1 
406, § 2 
406, § 3 
408. . 
412, § 1 

412, § 2 

413, . 

414, § 1 
414, § 2 
414, § 3 
414, I 4 
414, § 6 
414, § 6 
414, § 7 
414, § 8 
414, § 9 
414, § 10 
414, §§ 11-1-1, 
414, ^ 15 . . 



414, § 16 
414, § 17 

414, §i 18 

415, §1 
415, § 2 
415, I 3 
415, I 4 
415, §§5,6 
416. 
417. 
418. 
420. 
422. 
427. 
432. 
433 . 
434. 
435 . 
440. 
442. 
444. 

446. 
447. 
448. 
449. 



19, 



451 



S. 1893, 367. 

R. L. 100, § 17. 

R. L. 75, § 3. 

R. L. Ill, § 195. 

S. 1893, 23. 

R. L. 121, § 1. 

T. 

R. L. 25, § 14. 

S. 1894, 522, § 64. 

R. L. 25, § 15. 

Special. 

R. L. 25, § 63. 

R. L. 175, §§ 73, 74. 

R. L. 100, § 62. 

R. L. 91, § 85. 

Omitted by committee on re- 
vision. 

R. 1896, 279, § 3. 

R. L. 25, § 54 ; 53, § 5. 

R. L. 208, § 123. 

R. L. 167, § 59. 

R. L. 7, § 9. 

S. 1896, 490, § 3. 

R. 1893, 417, § 345. 

R. L. 163, § 155. 

R. L. 163, § 166. 

R. L. 163, §§ 152, 156. 

S. 1893, 333. 

R. L. 223, § 3. 

S. 1894, 370. 

R. 1893, 417, § 345. 

R. L. 87, § 22. 

R. L. 87, § 17. 

R. L. 87, § 23. 

T. 

R. L. 87, §§ 26, 27. 
S. 1891, 158, § 1. 
S. 1899, 266, § 1. 
S. 1899, 325, § 1. 

R. L. 87, § 60. 
S. 1899, 266, § 2. 
R. L. 87, §§ 62-64. 
R. L. 87, § 26; in part, T. 
& R. in part, 1893, 256, 
§2. 
S. 1891, 158, § 2. 
R. L. 87, § 76. 
R. L. 87, §§ 29, 30. 
R. L. 168, § 18. 
R. L. 168, § 73. 
S. 1890, 128. 
R. L. 168, § 39. 
R. L. 168, §§ 29, 75, 76, 78. 
R. 1892, 318, § 16. 
R. 1895, 394, § 9. 
R. 1892, 230, § 2. 
R. L. 163, § 38. 
R. 1894, 498, § 30. 
R. 1895, 311, § 3. 
R. L. 219, § 1. 
T. 

R. L. 25, §§ 52, 54; 122, § 1. 
R. L. 136, § 3. 
R. 1894, 393, § 15. 
R. L. 182, §§ 11-14. 
R. L. 165, § 5; S. in part, 

1900, 329. 
R. L. 12, § 23, cl. 2. 
R. L. 152, § 1. 
R. L. 22, § 15. 

R. in pai-t, 1894, 317, § 53. 
Inapplicable to trust com- 
panies. 
R. 1894, 444, § 10. 



1889, c. 452, § 1 



452, § 2 
4;-J2, § 3 



454. 

457 . 

458 . 

459 . 
461 . 
462. 
464 . 
465. 
466. 
467. 
468. 
469. 



470. . 

471, §§ 1, 
471, § 3 
471, § 4 
473, 



1890, c. 



26. 
30, 

44, 

48. 

50, 

58, §§ 1, 

58, §2 



63. 

70. 

71. 

72. 

73. 

74. 

78. 

83. 

90. 

91 . 

93. 

95. 

97, §1 

97, §2 
102. 
104. 
105. 
Ill . 
115 . 
119 . 
124. 
126 . 
127, §§ 1 
127, § 6 

127, § 7 

128. . 



129 

131 

132 

133, 

137 



141 . 
143. 
154. 
159. 
160, § 1 
160, §§ 2, 
160, § 4 
160, I 5 
166. . 



R. L. 114, §§ 1, 29; S. in 
part, 1890,310, §§1,2; 1893, 
230. 

R. L. 126, § 8. 

R. L. 126, § 8; S. in part, 
1890, 310, § 4. 

R. L. 102, §§ 151-155. 

R. L. 65, § 21. 

R. L. 208, § 26. 

R. 1896, 401, § 2. 

S. 1895, 256 ; 1896, 412. 

R. L. 145, § 42; 147, § 14. 

R. 1894, 498, § 30. 

R. L. 12, § 5, els. 3, 5. 

R. 1895, 288. 

T. and ineffective. 

R. L. 184, §§ 12, 22. 

R. L. 204, § 19; S. in part, 
1890, 440. 

R. L. 167, § 120. 

Special. 

R. L. 165, § 63. 

R. 1892, 380, § 2. 

R. 1896, 517, § 8. 

S. 1894, 522, §§ 42-44. 

R. L. 91, § 71. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

R. 1894, 393, § 15. 

R. L. 6, § 37. 

R. L. 6, § 35 ; R. in part, 1891, 
54, § 2. 

R. L. 14, § 23. 

R. 1894, 433, § 3. 

S. 1898, 354. 

R. L. 102, § 130. 

R. L. 102, § 4. 

R. L. 75, § 70. 

S. 1896, 277. 

R. 1894, 481, § 63. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

Acted on. 
S. 1893, 479. 

R. 1891, 210, § 11. 
S. 1894, 393, § 7. 

T. 

R. L. 75, § 49. 

R. L. 72, §§ 10, 12. 

R. L. 153, § 19. 

R. L. 42, § 20. 

R. 1893, 469, § 4. 

R. L. 25, § 14. 

R. L. 49, § 1. 

S. 1893, 70. 

R. L. 12, §.§ 78-81. 

R. L. 12, § 76. 

R. L. 14, § 39. 

R. L. 168, §§ 20, 21 ; S. in part, 

1897, 382. 
R. L. 91, § 8. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 49, § 30. 
R. L. 20, § 14. 
R. L. 108, § 3; S. in part, 

1892, 249. 
R. 1897, 153, § 14. 
S. 1892, 205. 
R. L. 173, § 77. 
R. L. 60, §§ 1-5, 15, 18. 
R. L. 14, § 1. 
T. 

R. L. 14, §§ 19, 20. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 25, § 41. 



XXX IV 




STATUTES ENACTED SINCI 


1890, 


c. 168 




. . R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 


173 




. . E.. L. Ill, § 188. 


<< 


175 




. . 11. 1890, 423, ^<i 228. 


<< 


177 




. . Special, except 


(( 


177, 


\^3 


. . R. L. 160, § 67. 


(< 


179 




. . R. 1894, 481, ^^ 63. 


<i 


180 




. . R. L. 225, ^^S 81, 104-106. 


<( 


181 




. . R. L. 125, ^S^ 17, 19. 


(( 


183 




. . S. 1892, 83. 


(( 


191 




. . R. L. 125, § 3. 


(< 


192 




. . R. L. 164, I 29. 


(( 


193 




. . S. 1891, 138. 


(( 


196 




. . R. L. 53, §§ 9-11, except § 2, 
S. 1891, 49; S. as to towns, 
1899, 330, and earlier stat- 
utes. 




197, 


H 


. . R. L. 14, ^^ 30. 




197, 


i'^ 


. . S. 1892, 129. 




198 




. R. L. 20, § 19. 




199 




. R. L. 110, § 51. 




200 




. R. 1901, 54. 




201 




. S. 1892, 187. 




202 




. R. L. 160, ^48; 161, ^56. 




204 




. R. L. 161, § 59; S. in part, 
1893, 396, ^ 9. 




206, 


H 


. S. 1897, 128, § 4. 




206, 


i^^ 2, 


3 . R. L. 21, ^^§ 9-11. 




206, 


H 


. T. 




209, 


M 


. R. L. 21, ^S 16. 




209, 


r-^ 


. R. L. 204, § 6. 




209, 


y^ 


. R. L. 21, § 19. 




209, 


H 


. T. 




213 




. R. L. 24, § 7. 




215 




. R. L. 21, § 22. 




216, 


m' 


. R. L. 160, § 61 ; 161, ^^ 59. 




216, 


^2 


. R. L. 21, § 50; 160, §§ 48, 
61. 




218, 


n 


. R. L. 221, § 11. 




218, 


^^2 


. R. L. 221, § 7. 




219. 




. R. 1890, 423, s^ 228. 




222. 




. R. 1894, 317, ^ 53. 




223. 




. R. 1890, 423, § 228. 




224. 




. S. 1893, 396, ^1 29. 




225 . 




. R. L. 217, § 24. 




227 




. R. 1897, 439, ^^ 14. 




229. 




. R. 1891, 327. 




230. 




. S. 1890, 395. 




231 . 




. R. L. 91, sS^ 33, 78. 




237, 


M 


. R. L. 92, § 23. 




2:37, 


\^2 


. S. 1900, 128. 




2:38 




. R. L. 160, ^S 67. 




239. 




. S. 1893, 112, § 1. 




240 . 




.. S. 1899, 253. 




242. 




. R. L. 12, ^^ 58, 60. 




243. 




. R. L. 114, § 2. 




247. 




. S. 1894, 522, § 4. 




249, 


H 


. R. 1891, 142, ^ 2. 




249, 


r^ 


. R. L. 92, § 21. 




251. 




. T. 




252. 




. S. 1892, 67. 




254 . 




. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




255 . 




. R. L. 223, §§ 21, 26. 




256. 




. R. L. 204, § 6. 




259. 




. R. L. 145, § 15. 




261, 


§{ . 


. R. L. 162, § 19. 




261, 


r2 


. R. L. 162, I 13. 




261, 


§:i 


. R. L. 162, sS^i 18, 27. 




264. 




. R. L. 78, f^ 21-25. 




265 . 




. R. L. 137, § 2. 




266 . 




. R. L. 146, § 18. 




267. 




. R. L. 225, (ill. 




274. 




. R. L. 124, § 6. 




276. 




. R. L. 57, §§ 45, 46. 




277. 




. R. L. 204, 5 21. 



1890, c. 



278, ^^ 1 


. . R. L. 225, ^ 85. 


278, ^N 2 


. . R. L. 225, §§ 104, 122. 


278, 1 3 


. . R. L. 225, § 105. 


278, ^^ 4 


. . R. L. 225, §§ 108, 110. 


284. . 


. . R. L. 217, I 1. 


289. . 


. . R. L. 189, § 31. 


293. . 


. . S. 1891, 122. 


294 . . 


. . R. L. 165, § 69. 


296 . . 


. . R. L. 225, ^S 8. 


297. . 


. . R. L. 124, I 1. 


298. . 


. . R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


299. . 


. . R. 1894, 508, § 80. 


300 . . 


. . R. L. 67, § 10. 


302. . 


. . R. L. 3, ^^ 5. 


304 . . 


. S. 1894, 522, §^ 7, 82. 


305. . 


. . R. 1890, 423, § 228. 


306. . 


. . R. L. 21, ^^iW6, 48; S. in part 




1895, 175 ; 1898, 477. 


307 . . 


. . R. 1894, 481, 5 63. 


308. . 


. R. L. 22, J 7 ; S. in part, 1897 




128, § 1. 


309. . 


. R. 1894, 498, § 30. 


310, ^^^^ 1, 


4 , R. L. 114, § 1. 


310, § 2 


. R. in part, 1896, 286. 


310, I 3 


. T. 


315, § 1 


. R. L. 116, ^5 13, 15. 


315, § 2 


. R. L. 116, §^ 1, 2. 


316, §§ 1- 


3 . R. L. 225, §1 18-20. 


316, § 4 


. S. 1899, 203. 


316, § 5 


. R. L. 225, § 22. T. in part. 


319. . 


. R. L. 26, § 19. 


321. . 


. R. L. 163, §§ 143-146, 149. 


326. . 


. R. L. 112, § 22. 


328, § 1 


. R. L. 221, ^^6; 225, §6. 


328, i^ 2 


. S. 1893, 396, § 53. 


329. . 


. R. L. 126, ^ 8. 


330. . 


. R. L. 165, § 32. 


331 . . 


. R. L. 13, ^S^ 13, 15. 


332. . 


. R. L. Ill, § 258. 


334, § I 


. R. L. 102, § 167. 


334, § 2 


. R. L. 208, § 77. 


335 . . 


. R. L. 41, §\ 1, 3. 


341. . 


. S. 1894, 367. 


347, §§l, 


2 . R. L. 38, §§ 11-13; S. in part, 




1897, 134, §§ 1-2. 


347, §§ 3-, 


5 . R. L. 38, §§ 14, 16, 17. 


347, § 6 


. R. L. 38, § 12. In part re- 




dundant. 


353, § 1 


. R. L. 204, § 5. 


353, ^ 2 


. S. 1890. 440 ; 1891, 325. 


353, § 3 


. T. 


354, §jl, 


3 . T. 


354, I 2 


. S. 1892, 407. 


359 . . . 


. S. 1893, 396, § 59. 


360. . 


. R. 1891, 87, § 2, 


364. . 


. R. 1891, 366. 


365 . . . 


. R. 1891, 179, § 5. 


368 . . . 


. R. L. Ill, §§ 117, 199. 


369 . . . 


. R. 1894, 317, ^ 53. 


370 . . . 


. S. 1898, 487. 


371 . . . 


. R. L. 121, § 12 ; R. in part, 




1894, 501. 


373 . . . 


. R. L. 6, § 7. 


374. . . 


. S. 1895, 372. 


375. . . 


. S. 1891, 350. 


377. . . 


. R. L. 167, § 40. 


378 . . . 


. R. L. 87, f§ 25, 27. 


379. . . 


. S. 1891, 272. 


380, ^^l, 


2 . Acted on. 


380, f3 . 


. S. 1897, 129. 


381 . . . 


. R. 1893, 417, ^ 345. 


382 . . . 


. R. L. Ill, § 280. 


383 . . . 


. R. L. 197, ^ 30. 


384 . . . 


. R. 1894, 188 ; 498. s^ 30. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXXV 



1890, c. 385 . . 


. R. L. 106, ^^^ 4-6; S. in part, 




1892, 382. 


'< 386 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, v^ 345. 


" 387 . . 


. R. L. 163, §^S 157, 158. 


" 388. . 


. R. L. 7, § 10. 


'< 390, § 3 


. S. 1898, 205. 


" 391 . . 


. R. L. 208, ^'i 29. 


" 392 . . 


. R. 1897, 439, ^ 14. 


'« 393 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 394 . . 


. R. 1894, 317, § 53. 


" 395 . . 


. R. L. 102, ^S 72; S. in part. 




1891, 220; 1895, 213; 1897, 




428, § 2. 


"398. . . 


. R. L. 173, § 6. 


" 400 . . 


. S. 1894, 367, § 8. 


" 402 . . 


. R. 1897, 444, § 31. 


" 403 . . 


. R. L. 208, §§ 110, 111. 


" 404 . . . 


. R. L. 122, §§ 16-19, except 


" 404, § 2 


. S. 1899, 320. 


" 406 . . . 


. T. 


" 408,^ 1 . 


. R. L. 150, ^ 26. 


" 408, § 2 . 


. R. L. 137, § 8. 


" 410 . . . 


. R. L. 208, s^ 109. 


" 414, § 1 . 


. S. 1898, 433, § 14. 


" 414, 1 2 . 


. R. L. 87, § 50; S. in part, 




1898, 433, § 28. 


" 415 . . . 


. R. L. 4, ^^ 9. 


" 416 . . . 


. R. L. 102, ^^^^ 46-50. 


" 419, § 1 . 


. T. 


" 419, § 2 . 


. S. 1890, 423, § 222. 


" 420 . . . 


. R. L. 162, §§ 30, 40; 163, 




§§ 18, 19. 


" 421, § 1 . 


. R. L. 120; R. & S. in part, 




1899, 229, except 


" 421, § 13 . 


. S. in part, 1896, 515, § 6. 


«' 421, § 17 . 


. R. L. 126, § 4. 


" 421, § 20 . 


. S. 1895, 263. 


'< 421, ^ 21 . 


. S. 1899, 472. 


" 423. . . 


. R. 1893, 417, ^ 345. 


« 425 . . . 


. S. 1893, 367. 


" 426. . . 


. R. L. 62, §§ 8-10, 12, 17, except 


" 426, § 2 . 


. Omitted in part, as redundant. 


" 426, §§3,i. 


) . T. 


" 426, § 9 . 


. S. 1901, 211. 


" 427. . . 


. R. L. 182, §§U, 15. 


" 428, § 1 . 


. S. 1891, 262. 


" 428, § 2 . 


. S. 1891, 33, § 1. 


" 428, § 3 . 


. R. L. Ill, § 151. 


" 428, ^ 4 . 


. S. 1892, 312. 


" 428, § 5 . 


. S. 1891, 123. 


" 428, ^ 6 . 


. R. L. Ill, § 154. 


" 428, ^ 7 . 


. S. 1893, 283. 


" 428, § 8 . 


. R. L. Ill, ^S^ 150, 156. 


" 428, § 9 . 


. R. L. Ill, § 157. 


" 428, § 10 . 


. S. 1896, 439, § 1. 


" 428, § 11 . 


. R. L. Ill, ^S^ 149, 159. 


" 428, § 12 . 


. R. L. Ill, § 160. 


" 431. . . 


. S. & R. 1893, 405, ^^ 2; 1895, 




209, § 2. 


" 436. . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 437, §^ 1, 3 


. R. L. 99, §§ 5, 7. 


" 437, l\ 2, 4 


. S. 1901, 459. 


" 438 . . . 


. R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


" 439, § 1 . 


. S. 1893, 226, § 1. 


" 439, § 2 . 


. S. & R. 1893, 226, § 2 ; 1894, 




542, § 2. 


" 440, § 1 . 


. R. L. 204, § 42. 


" 440, § 2 . 


. R. L. 221, H;204, H'3;S. in 




part, 1893, 396, § 53. 


" 440, ^ 3 . 


. R. L. 221, § 6. 


" 440, ^^ 4 . 


. Superfluous. 


" 440, ^ 5 . 


. R. 1891, 416, § 4. 


" 440, § 6 . 


. R. L. 160, ^48; 161, § 54; 204, 




§ 44 ; S. in part, 1893, 396, ^^ 9. 



1890, c. 440, $ 7 

" 440, § 8 

" 440, § 9 

" 440, I 10 

" 440, § 11 

" 440, ^ 12 

" 440, ^ 13 

" 440, § 14 

" 441 . 

" 443 . 

" 445 . 

" 446 . 

" 447 . 

" 448. 

" 448, § 9 

" 449, ^§ 1, 

" 449, §2 

" 450 . . 

" 451 . . 

" 452 . . 

" 456, § 1 

" 456, §§ 2- 

1890, Res. c. 67 

1891, c. 10 , 



15. 
24. 
31. 
32. 
33 . 
38. 
49. 



54, §1 

58, § 1 

58, §§ 2, 

59, 

65, 

70, 

71 , 

74. 

76, 

78, 

79, 



84. 

87. 

89. 

90, § 1 

90, ^ 2 

91 

92 

97 

99, 
107 
108, 
113, 

116 , 
120, 
122. 
123 . 
124. 
125 . 
128. 
129. 
131 . 
135. 
136. 
137. 
138. 
139. 
140. 



R. L. 204, §§ 39, 45. 

R. L. 161, § 54; S. in part, 

1893, 396, § 9. 
R. L. 204, ^^ 42, 46. 
R. L. 217, I 43; 219, ^^^ 25, 26. 
S. 1891, 70. 
R. L. 204, ^<1§ 42, 49. 
R. L. 204, ^ 55. 
T. 

R. 1897, 510, § 7. 
R. L. 92, § 24. 
T. 

R. L. 100, ^ 60. 
S. 1893, 279. 
R. L. 65, except 
R. 1894, 525, § 2. 
R. L. 64, §j 6, 14. 
S. 1891, 144. 
T. See 1891, 274. 
S. 1900, 418, ^S 2. 
R. L. 217, § 3. 
S. 1891, 223, § 1. 
R. L. 3, §^ 24-26, 28-32. 
R. L. 16, j 147. 
R. 1893, 417, ^ 345. 
R. L. 208, § 60. 
R. L. 10, § 27. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. L. Ill, §§ 150, 151, 154. 
R. L. 17, § 1. 
R. L. 53, ^^§ 9, 10; S. in part, 

1892, 147. 
R. 1894, 245, § 2. 
S. 1894, 280, § 6. 
R. L. 56, §§ 41, 42. 
R. L. 152, § 40. 
R. L. 12, §^<; 58, 60. 
S. 1893, 396, ^S 1. 
S. 1899, 315. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. 1894, 393, § 15. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
S. 1893, 288. 
S. 1892, 399. 
R. L. 85, ^7; S. in part, 1897, 

395, ^^^5 3, 4. 
R. L. 204, § 6. 
R. L. 156, § 27. 
S. 1898, 425, ^^ 5. 
R. L. 81, § 33. 
R. 1893, 469, § 4. 
R. L. 165,- § 35. 
S. 1893, 380. 
R. 1898, 496, ^ 36. 
S. 1894, 336. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 7, 1^12 ; S. in part, 1895, 

424. 
Extended, 1893, 149. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 91, § 89. 
S. 1900, 463. 
R. L. 124, § 3. 
R. 1892, 410, § 3. 
R. L. 91, ^ 73. 
R. L. Ill, § 194. 
R. L. 176, § 4. 
R. L. 91, ^ 56. 
R. L. 57, I 82. 
R. L. 91, § 129. 
R. 1901, 142. 
S. 1893, 396, § 23. 
R. L. 19, ^ 3 ; 175, § 10. 



XXXVl 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES, 



1891, c. 142 . 

" 144 . 

" 153 . 

« 154 . 

" 155 . 

'• 158, j 1 

" 158, ^^ 2 

•' 159 . 

" 160 . 

" 161 . 

" 162 . 

" 163 . 

*« 164 . 

" 170 . 

" 171 . 

" 174 . 

" 175 . 

" 177 . 

" 179 . 

" 180 . 

" 181 . 

" 185 . 

" 187 . 

" 188 . . 

" 189, § 1 

«' 189, § 2 

" 190 , 

" 191 

" 193 . 

••' 194 . 

" 195 , 

" 196 . 

" 200 . 

<' 204 , 

" 209 , 

" 210, 



8-11 
210, § 7 
216 . 
218 . 
220. 

221 . 
223. 
225 . 
227, §§ 1, 

227, ^ 2 

228, § 1 
228, I 2 

228, I 3 

229. . 

232. . 
233 . . 
234, § 1 
234, §§ 2, 
235. 
236. 
238. 
239 . 
242. 
244. 
249 . 
254. 

256. 
257 . 
259. 
260. 
261 . 



3, 4 



11. 1894, 205, § 2. 

R. L. 64, ^^ 7. 

S. 1898, 391. 

11. L. 23, § 18. 

R. 1893, 417, § 345. 

R. L. 87, § 59 ; T. in part. 

R. L. 87, § 88; S. in part, 

1898, 433, § 28. 
R. L. 42, § 28. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
S. 1897, 318. 
S. 1900, 265. 
S. 1894, 367, § 8. 
R. 1899, 194, § 9. 
R. L. 48, §§ 58-64. 
T. 
T. 

S. 1899, 271. 
S. 1893, 272. 
R. 1897, 419, § 5. 
R. L. 166, § 15. 
R. L. 165, § 77. 
S. 1898, 479. 
R. L. 21, ^^ 43 ; S. in part, 1901, 

364. 
R. L. 75, § 50. 
S. 1893, 397. 
Acted on by inserting 1885, 

240. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. 1894, 393, § 15. 
R. 1894, 393, ^«i 15. 
S. 1899, 276. 
S. 1894, 522, ^ 80. 
R. L. 79, § 22. 
R. L. 220, § 24. 
R. L. Ill, ^^ 189. 
R. L. 225, § 29. 

T. 

R. L. 208, § 108. 

R. L. 112, § 70. 

R. L. 25, § 13. 

R. L. 102, §§ 69, 70; S. in 
part, 1895, 213. 

R. L. 27, § 6. 

R. L. 3, §§ 23-26, 30. 

R. L. 162, § 53. 

R. L. 157, §§ 5, 26. 

R. L. 173, ^§ 96, 105, 106. 

R. L. 225, § 51. 

Acted on. 

R. L. 225, § 57. 

R. by repeal of 1889, 451, bv 
1894, 444, ^^ 10. 

S. 1893, 367. 

R. 1901, 281. 

R. L. 22, § 2. 

T. 

Special. 

R. L. 165, §31; 221, §§ 8-10. 

R. 1893, 417, § 345. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

R. 1892, 351, § 48. 

R. L. 197, § 31. 

R. L. Ill, § 212. 

R. L. 92, § 11; R. in part, 
1892, 102, § 1. 

R. 1893, 417, § 345. 

R. L. 109, § 8. 

R. L. 6, § 70. 

T. 

R. 1894. 508, § 80; R. bv re- 
peal of 1888, 149. 



1891 



262 . . . 


R. L. Ill, § 149. 




263 . . . 


R. 1894, 436, § 5. 




264 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, I 345. 




265 . . . 


R. L. 36, § 49. 




266 . . . 


R. L. 96, §§ 25, 26. 




269 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




270 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




271. . . 


R. L. 168, § 30. 




272 . . . 


S. 1893, 200, § 4. 




273 . . . 


Special, except 




273, § 2 . 


R. L. 160, § 67. 




274. . . 


T. See 1892, 177. 




275 . . . 


R. 1895, 311, § 3. 




277. . . 


R. 1892, 351, § 48. 




278 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, \ 345. 




280 . . . 


T. and special. 




281 . . . 


R. 1897, 439, § 14. 




286 . . . 


R. 1892, 351, § 48. 




287, § 1 . 


R. L. 156, § 16. 




287, § 2 . 


R. L. 157, 1 24. 




288 . . . 


R. L. 13, § 59. 




289 . . . 


S. 1894, 522, § 38. 




290 . . . 


R. 1892, 351, § 48. 




291 . . . 


S. 1894, 522, § 60. 




292 . . . 


R. 1894, 393, § 15. 




293 . . . 


R. L. 25, §55; 112, § 100 


S. in 




part, 1894, 481, § 4; 


1898, 




490. 




295 . . . 


R. L. 208, § 119. 




299 . . . 


R. L. 85, § 2 ; S. in part, 
333. 


1900, 


300 . . . 


R. L. 89, § 4 ; S. in part, 
130. 


1893, 


302 . . . 


R. 1894, 481, § 63. 




304 . . . 


R. L. 212, § 76. 




305 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




307 . . . 


T. 




309 . . . 


R. 1898, 278. 




310 . . . 


R. L. 6, § 61. 




313. . . 


R. L. 168, §§ 74, 78. 




314. . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




315, § 1 . 


R. L. 196, § 45. 




315, ^ 2 . 


Acted on. 




317. . . 


R. 1894, 508. § 80. 




318 . . . 


R. 1893, 469, § 4. 




319 . . . 


R. L. 75, § 6. 




321 . . . 


R. L. 27, § 11. 




325, i^ 1 . 


R. L. 204, §§42, 43; 219, 
30. 


§§ 26, 


325, § 2 . 


R. L. 204, § 5. 




327 . . . 


R. L. 91, § 125. 




328 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




329 . . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




333 . . . 


R. L. 213, § 4. 




336. . . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 




339 . . . 


R. L. 149, § 4. 




340. . . 


R. 1897, 439, § 14. 




341. . . 


R. L. 126, §§ 12-14, 20, except 


341, § 2 . 


R. 1894, 541, § 2. 




342 . . . 


S. 1901, 449. 




343. . . 


R. L. 81, § 36. 




349 . . . 


R. L. 210, §§ 6, 7. 




.350. . . 


R. 1894, 508, § 80. 




351 . . . 


R. 1895, 463, § 3. 




354 . . . 


R. L. 127, § 6. 




355 . . . 


R. L. 26, § 37. 




356, § 1 . 


S. 1892, 242. 




356, §§ 2-4 


R. L. 217, §§ 83, 84. 




356, § 5 . 


R. L. 217, § 91; S. in 
1900, 449, § 3. 


part, 


356, § 6 . 


R. L. 217, § 92. 




356, § 7 . 


R. L. 225, § 121 ; S. in 
1898, 511. 


part, 


356, §§8,d 


R. L. 217, §§ 95, 97. 





s 


TATUTES ENACTED SINC 


E THE PUBLI 


3 STATUTES. XXXVll 


1891, c. 357, §§ 1-5, 7, 


R. 1894, 508, j 80. 


1891, c. 425, §§ 10 


,11, 


" 357, § 6 . 


R. L. 108, § 1. 


13-16 


. . R. L. 15, §§ 10, 11, 16-19. 


" 358. . . 


R. L. 145, ^^ 28. 


" 425, § 12 


. . S. 1892, 379. 


" 360, ^ 1 . . 


S. 1892, 198. 


" 425, § 17 


. . Superfluous. See R. L. 8, ^§4, 


" 360,^^2-4,6, 


R. L. 109, §§ 9-11. 




5, cl. 16. 


« 360, ^ 5 . . 


R. L. 5, ^^ 11. 


" 425, § 18 


. . R. L. 15, § 20. 


" 361 ... . 


R. 1894, 498, § 30. 


" 426. . 


. . R. 1894, 498, § 30. 


" 362 ... . 


R. L. 173, § 109; R. in part. 


" 427, § 1 


. . R. L. 212, § 36. 




1895, 469, § 4. 


" 427, §§ 2, 


3 . 11. 1893, 414, § 2. 


" 366. .. . 


Acted on. 


" 427, § 4 


. . R. L. 212, § 38. 


" 367. .. . 


R. L. 82, §^ 5, 6. 


" 427, § 5 


. . S. 1892, 303. 


" 368 ... . 


R. 1894, 137, § 3. 


" 427, §§ 6, 


7 . R. L. 212, §§ 40, 41. 


• " 369 ... . 


R. L. 100, § 17. 


" 429 . . 


. . R. L. 4, § 6. 


" 370 ... . 


R. L. 34, except 


1892, c. 16 . . 


. . S. 1897, 188. 


" 370, §§ 2, 12, 


S. 1893, 454, §§0,7. 


40 . . 


. . S. 1894, 367, § 10. 


« 370, ^ 4 . . 


R. L. 27, § 5 ; 34, ^n 7. 


" 47. . 


. . R. 1894, 137, § 3. 


" 371 ... . 


S. 1897, 412, § 1. 


50 . . 


. . R. L. 102, § 141. 


" 372. .. . 


R. 1892, 267, § 2. 


51 . . 


. . R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 374, §§ 1, 3 . 


R. L. 213, ^S^ 6, 7. 


53 . . 


. . R. 1898, 438, § 2. 


" 374, §2 . . 


T. 


55 . . 


. . R. L. 196, ^ 39. 


" 375, ^§ 1. 2 • 


S. 1900, 217. 


58 . . 


. . R. L. 160, I 67. 


" 375, ^ 3 . . 


R. L. 6, § 14. 


59, §§ 1- 


3 . R. L. Ill, § 234. 


" 379, ^ 1 . . 


R. L. 157, ^'i 7. 


59, § 4 


. . R. L. 3, $ 8. 


" 379, 1 2 . . 


S. 1894, 204. 


62 . . 


. . R. 1894, 498, § 30. 


" 379, l§ 3-9 . 


R. L. 157, §§ 9-15. 


63 . . 


. . R. L. 57, §§ 55-59. 


" 379, ^ 10 . . 


S. 1893, 324. 


67. . 


. . R. L. 58, § 14. 


" 379, § 11 . . 


R. L. 218, § 54. 


74 . . 


. . R. L. 91, 1 101. 


" 379, ^ 12 . . 


R. L. 219, § 11. 


83 . . 


. . R. 1894, 508, ^^ 80. 


" 379, ^§ 13-16, 


Acted on or T. 


87. . 


. . R. L. 165, ^ 6 ; S. in part. 


" 381. .. . 


R. L. 12, § 43. 




1893, 153. 


" 382, §§ 1-4 . 


R. L. 73, §§ 7, 8. 


93 . . 


. . R. L. 160. § 67. 


" 383. .. . 


R. L. 159, I 3, cl. 4. 


95 . . 


. R. L. 165, § 34. 


'< 384. .. . 


R. L. 39, § 10. 


96 . . 


. S. 1895, 90. 


" 392. .. . 


R. L. 160, i^§ 48, 54. 


" 100 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 395. .. . 


R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 101 . . 


. R. L. 4, § 1. 


" 396. .. . 


S. 1896,519; 1901,511. 


" 102, § 1 


. Acted on. 


" 400. .. . 


R. L. 163, §§ 80, 81. 


" 102, § 2 


. R. L. 92, § 11. 


" 402. .. . 


R. L. 45. In part redun- 


" 104. . 


. R. 1900, 385, § 3. 




dant. 


" 105 . . 


. Acted on. 


" 403 ... . 


R. L. 114, § 29. 


" 107,^^1,; 


i, 5, S. 1895, 246. 


" 405 ... . 


T. 


" 107, f§ 2, 


4 . R. L. 165, § 74. 


" 406 ... . 


S. 1898, 479, § 1. • 


" 109 . . 


. R. L. 13, §§ 54, 57. 


" 407 ... . 


R. L. 168, ^^ 17. 


" 110 . . 


. R. L. Ill, §§ 1, 198. 


" 410 ... . 


S. 1900, 383. 


" 115 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 411 ... . 


R. L. 4, ^§ 5, 6. 


" 116. . 


. R. L. 162, § 5. 


" 412, §^ 1, 2 . 


S. 1894, 280, §§ 2, 3. 


" 118 . . 


. R. L. 135, § 9. 


" 412, §3 . . 


R. L. 56, § 45. 


" 121 . . 


. R. L. 22, § .13; S. in part. 


" 412, §4: . . 


S. 1894, 280, § 4. 




1900, 327. 


" 412, §0 . . 


S. 1896, 377, § 2. 


" 123. . . 


. R. L. 210, § 1. 


" 412, § 6 . . 


R. 1900, 368, § 2. 


" 124. . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


" 412,^7 . . 


R. L. 89, ^ 11 ; S. in part, 1892, 


•' 127. . . 


. R. L. 156, § 17. 




139. 


" 128. . . 


. R. L. 108, § 5. 


" 412, ^ 8 . . 


R. L. 89, § 12 ; S. in part, 1895, 


" 129. . . 


. R. L. 14, §§ 31-34, 55. 




214. 


<' 133. . . 


. R. L. 165, 1 85. 


" 412, §9 . . 


S. 1894, 280, § 5. 


" 138. . . 


. R. L. 208, I 47. 


" 412, ^ 10, 11, 


R. L. 89, §§ 12, 11. 


" 139. . . 


. R. L. 89, § 11. 


" 412, ^ 12 . . 


R. L. 56, § 50 ; 89, § 13. 


" 140 . . . 


. R. L. 10, § 27. 


" 414. .. . 


R. L. 136, § 1. 


" 143. . . 


. S. 1898, 459. 


" 415, §1 . . 


R. L. 162, § 5; S. in part. 


" 144 . . . 


. R. L. 21, § 3. 




1892, 116. 


" 147. . . 


. R. L. 53, § 10. 


" 415, «5 2 . . 


R. L. 162, § 33. 


" 148. . . 


. R. L. 167, §§ 22, 23 ; S. in part, 


" 415, \S . . 


R. L. 162, § 17. 




1893, 396, § 17. 


" 415, § 4 . . 


R. L. 162, I 2. 


" 152. . . 


. R. L. 24, § 20. 


" 416. .. . 


R. L. 221, §§ 2, 14, 15. 


" 159 . . . 


. S. 1895, 373. 


" 418. .. . 


R. L. 165, I 45. 


" 160. . . 


. R. L. 161, ^ 43. 


" 419. .. . 


R. L. 166, § 14. 


" 165. . . 


. R. L. 78, §^ 26, 27. 


" 420. .. . 


R. L. 75, § 48. 


" 166. . . 


. R. L. 25, § 18. 


" 423. .. . 


Special. 


" 167. . . 


. R. L. 214, § 31. 


" 425, H • • 


S. 1901, 297. 


" 168. . . 


. R. 1899, 425, § 3. 


" 425, j^ 2, 3 . 


R. L. 15, §§ 2, 3. 


" 169. . . 


. Acted on. 


" 425, H • • 


S. 1895, 430, § 1. 


" 171. . . 


. R. L. Ill, § 144. 


" 425, § 5 . . 


S. 1901, 277. 


" 177. . . 


. R. L. 32, §1 71-76, except 


" 425, sS^ 6-8 . 


R. L. 15, §§ 6-8. 


" 177, *J 3 . 


. S. 1894, 375. 


" 425, ^ 9 . . 


S. 1895, 430, § 2. 


" 178." . . 


. R. L. 27, § 7. 



XXXVlll 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1892, 



180 




184 




187 




190 




191 




192 




19") 




198 




200 




201 




202 




206 




209 




210 




224 




228 




229 




230 




231 




233 




234 




238 




242 




243 




245, 


M 


245, 


§^^ 


245, 


§« 


245, 


§7 


245, 


§8 


245, 


§9 


248 




249 




252 




253 




254 




255 




256 




259 




260, 


H 


260, 


§2 


262, 


§1 


262, 


^2 



263 . 
266 . 
267. 
268. 
270. 
271. 
274. 
275 . 
276. 
279. 
280. 
286. 
287 . 
289. 
290. 

291 . 

295. 

296. 

298. 

300 . 

302. 

303 . 

305 . 

312. 

313, §^ 1, 

313, § 2 

316. . 

318, §§ 1-15 



R. L. 124, § 16. 

R. 1896, 279, ^^l 3. 

R. L. 165, ^ 35. 

R. 1893, 417, § 345. 

R. L. 197, § 6. 

R. L. 112, § 23. 

R. 1893, 306, § 8 ; 1894, 491, § 59. 

R. L. 109, ^S 9. 

R. L. 204, ^S^S 5, 20. 

S. 1895, 104. 

R. L. 162, § 60. 

R. L. 96, ^S 11. 

R. L. 177, i^ 24. 

R. 1894, 508, ^^ 80. 

R. 1893, 417, s^ 345. 

R. L. Ill, § 27. 

R. 1895, 286, § 3. 

R. L. 164, ^S 29. 

R. L. 203, ^S 9. 

R. L. 7, § 13. 

R. L. 91, § 139. 

S. 1893, 367, § 11. 

R. L. 217, § 81. 

S. 1895, 375. 

R. L. 49, §^ 6, 22. 

R. L. 49, §§ 8-12. 

R. L. 27, § 11. 

R. L. 27, § 18. 

S. 1895, 127. 

R. L. 27, § 22 ; 49, ^ 27. 

R. 1894, 317, i^ 53. 

R. L. 108, § 3. 

R. L. 91, § 64. 

R. L. 22, ^^ 21. 

R. L. 112, § 95. 

S. 1900, 233. 

R. L. 127, J 5. 

R. L. 34, §§ 4-6, 23, 29. 

S. 1893, 359. 

S. 1900, 446. 

R. L. 5, §§ 1, 2. 

R. L. 5, ^^ 10; S. in part, 1894, 

393, § 7. 
R. L. 121, § 32. 
R. L. 193, I 13. 
R. L. 225, § 15. 
R. L. 160, § 41. 
R. L. 25, § 57. 
S. 1896, 526. 
S. 1901, 389. 
R. L. Ill, § 148. 
R. 1897, 266, § 4. 
R. 1893, 417, s^ 345. 
R. 1899, 462, § 4. 
R. L. 24, § 7. 
R. 1893, 86, § 4. 
R. L. 134, § 14. 
R. L. 108, § 38 ; 222, § 7 ; S. in 

part, 1901, 364. 
S. 1894, 279, ^^ 9. 
S. 1898, 330. 
R. 1894, 508, § 80. 
R. L. 20, § 14. 
R. L. 151, ^^ 32. 
R. L. 220, I 29. 
S. 1893, 447. 
R. 1897, 444, § 31. 
R. L. Ill, ^ 152. 
T. ■ 

R. L. 225, § 23. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. L. 83, §§ 1-13; S. in part, 

1897, 395, § 3; 1898, 433, 

6 24. 



1892, 



1893 



c. 318, § 16 


. Acted on. 


319. . 


. R. L. 7, § 13. 


327. . 


. R. L. 116, § 31. 


328. . 


. R. 1900, 385, § 3. 


330. . 


. S. & R. 1894, 437 ; 508, § 80. 


331 . . 


. R. L. 65, ^^ 17. 


332. . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


333 . . 


. R. L. 35, §§ 1-4, except 


333, § 3 


. S. 1898, 67. 


337 . . 


. R. 1894, 377, § 4. 


338. . 


. T. 


348. . 


. R. L. 166, § 14. 


351 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


352 . . 


. R. 1894, 508, I 80. 


354. . 


. R. L. 20, ^^ 14. 


3.57. . 


. R. 1894, 508, ^S 80. 


359. . 


. R. L. 163, § 174. 


361 . . 


. R. L. 217, ^^ 48. 


366 . . 


. S. 1893, 367. 


368. . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


370. . 


. R. L. 13, ^S^ 7-11, except 


370, § 2 


. T. 


372. . 


. S. 1893, 434. 


377. . 


. Unconstitutional. See 160 




Mass. 102. 


378. . 


. . R. L. 108, ^^^ 29, 30. 


379. . 


. R. L. 15, ^ 15. 


380. . 


. . R. L. 165, i^ 67. 


382 . . 


. . R. L. 106, § 5. 


388. . 


. . R. L. 214, ^^i^ 25, 26. 


389. . 


. . Unconstitutional. See 160 




Mass. 62. 


390. . 


. R. L. 52, § 6. 


391. . 


. S. 1901, 162. 


399. . 


. R. L. 20, § 14. 


403. . 


. R. 1893, 183, § 2. 


405 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


406. . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


407. . 


. R. L. 87, § 124. 


408. . 


. R. L. 161, i^ 9. 


409. . 


. S. 1895, 419, ^N^^ 7, 8. 


410. . 


. R. 1894, 508, ^^ 80. 


411 . . 


. S. 1898, 545. 


413 . . 


. R. L. 108, §§ 11, 12. 


415 . . 


. R. L. 48, vS^ 28, 80, 90, 94. 


416. . 


. R. 1893, 417, i^ 345. 


422 . . 


. R. L. 9, J 15. 


423 . . 


. R. L. 225, § 14. 


425 . . 


. R. L. 87, ^^ § 16, 20, 23, 26, 27, 29, 




55, 75 ; T. in part ; S. in part, 




1896, 482 ; 1898, 433, § 28. 


428. . 


. R. L. 102, ^ 51-56. 


430 . . 


. R. L. 21, § 43. 


431 . . 


. R. 1893, 417, i^ 345. 


432 . . 


. R. 1894, 491, § 59. 


435. . 


. S. 1898, 474, § 19. 


440. . 


. R. L. 159, § 11. 


c. 23. . 


. R. L. 27, § 6. 


39. . 


. R. 1893, 417, § 345. 


41 . . 


. R. 1895, 434, § 5. 


47. . 


. S. 1894, 367, § 9. 


54. . 


. S. 1894, 522, § 51. 


59. . 


. R. L. 91, § 65. 


60. . 


. R. 1893, 423, § 1. 


61 . . 


. R. L. 159, § 23. 


62. . 


. T. 


65 . . 


. R. L. 48, ^S 72. 


70. . 


. S. 1894, 393, ^^ 7. 


75. . 


. R. L. 28, ^Ul. 


78. . 


. S. 1899, 330, § 4. 


79. . 


. R. L. 75, ^^ 135. 


80. . 


. R. L. 91, § 69. 


82. . 


. R. L. 48, s^ 92. 


86, ^^l, 


2 . R. L. 10, ^S^S 24, 26. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



XXXIX 



c. 86, § 3 

87. 

95 . 

99. 
100 . 
103 . 
105 . 
106. 

108. 
HI . 
112. 
114, § 1 
114, § 2 
117. 
118. 

124. 

130. 

131 . 

138. 

142. 

144. 

146. 

148 . 

149. 

151 . 

153 . 

156. 

173. 

174. 

177. 

183 . 

186. 

189. 

190. 

191 . 

193. 

194. 

197. 

199. 

200, §§ 1- 

200, § 4 

201 . . 

205. . 

208, § 1 

208. §2 

209. . 

210. . 
217. . 



223. . 

224. . 

225. §§ 1 

225, I 3 

226, § 1 
226, \ 2 
227. 
230. 
231 . 
237. 
238. 
241 . 
246. 
247. 
252. 
253. 
254. 
256. 
257. 
262. 
263. 
266. 



K. 1893, 417, § 345. 

S. 1896, 502. 

R. L. 196, §§ 45, 46. 

T. 

S. 1897, 351. 

R. L. 91, §§ 4, 127. 

R. L. 75, § 108; S. in part, 

1897, 428, § 2. 
R. 1894, 393, § 15. 
R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
S. 1895, 402. 

R. L. 116, § 4. 

T. 

S. 1894, 522, § 61. 

R. L. 139, § 8 ; 145, § 42 ; 147, 

§ 14 ; 163, § 53. 
R. L. 45, § 5. 
S. 1901, 335. 
R. L. Ill, § 85. 
R. L. 7, § 13. 
R. L. Ill, J 181. 
R. L. 18, ^ G. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
S. 1896, 443, § 6. 
S. 1898, 353. 
R. L. 164, §§ 17, 27, 28. 
R. L. 165, § 35. 
R. L. 21, § 3. 
R. L. 198, § 25. 
R. 1894, 317, § 53. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
S. 1900, 230. 
S. 1900, 220. 
R. 1894, 205, ^ 2. 
R. L. 165, § 35. 
T. 

S. 1893, 367, § 13. 
S. 1893, 280. 
R. L. 81, §§ 5, 6. 
R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
S. 1898, 466, §§ 1-3. 
S. 1894, 58. 
R. 1897, 110, § 2. 
R. L. 91, §§ 116, 121, T. in 

part. 
S. 1900, 166. 
R. L. 42, § 14. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. L. Ill, ^^^ 246-248. 
R. L. 83, ^20; S. in part, 

1898, 433, § 24. 
S. 1894, 393, § 7. 
R. L. 6, § 66. 

R. L. 28, §§ 19, 20. 

R. L. 27, § 11 ; 28, § 21. 

R. L. 125, § 4. 

R. 1894, 542, § 2. 

R. 1896, 397, § 24. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

S. 1893, 367, § 13. 

R. 1898, 356, § 2. 

R. L. 20, § 21. 

S. 1901, 408. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

S. 1893, 445. 

S. 1900, 397. 

R. L. 19, § 10. 

R. 1894, 317, § 53. 

R. L. 87, § 26. 

R. L. 18, I 18. 

R. L. 212, § 45. 

R. 1897, 437, § 8; 444, pi. 

R. L. 25, § 19. 



1893 



. 270. 
271 
272, 
273, 
274, 
275. 
276. 
279. 

280. 

283. 

285 . 

287. 

288 . 

291 . 

292. 

298. 

300. 

300, § 6 

302 

303, 

304, 

306 

307 

308 

311 , 

312 

315 

321 

324 

327 

331 

333 

340 

343 

344 

345 

348 

349 

350 

351 

352 

353 

355 

358 

359 

365, 

367 

367, §§11,63, 
64, 69, 70, 
80,129,136, 

367, § 13 . . 

367, § 23 . . 
367, § 25 . . 

367, § 26 . . 
367, § 29 . . 
367, § 33 . . 

367, § 53 . . 
367, i 55 . . 

367, § 65 . . 
367, § 107 . 
367, §§ 124, 

125 .. . 
367, § 127 . 



367, § 128 

367, § 133 
367, I 160 



R. L. 21, §§ 42, 48. 

R. L. 210, §§ 8, 10. 

R. L. 41, § 4. 

R. L. 20, § 14. 

R. L. 122, § 6. 

R. L. 20, § 15. 

R. L. 20, I 14. 

R. L. 79, § 18; S. in part, 

1897, 441. 
R. L. 152, § 18. 
S. 1894, 545. 
R. L. 189, § 3. 
R. 1896, 248, § 2. 
R. L. 20, § 14. 
R. L. 20, \ 14. 
O. 

S. 1898, 572. 
R. L. 28, §§ 3-6, except 
R. 1893, 416. 
R. L. 75, §§ 52, 53. 
R. 1895, 311, § 3. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. 1894, 491, § 59. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. 1893, 417, I 345. 
T. 

R. L. 49, § 35. 
R. 1894, 472, § 3. 
S. 1894, 367, §§ 10, 17. 
R. L. 7, § 4. 
T. 

R. L. 28, § 22. 
R. L. 223, §§ 21, 27. 
R. L. 182, §§ 1-5. 
R. L. 162, I 60. 
R. L. 164, § 29. 
R. L. 7, § 17. 
R. L. 162, § 60. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. L. 160, § 2. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. L. 12, §§ 10-12. 
R. 1895, 389, § 5. 
R. L. 208, §§ 75, 76. 
R. L. 10, § 10. 
S. 1894, 499. 
R. L. 157, § 10. 
R. L. 16, except 



S. 1897, 448, §§ 1, 7, 8, 10-14. 
R. L. 16, § 14 ; S. in part, 1895, 

465, § 2, 
S. 1897, 391. 
R. L. 16, §§ 26, 31; S. in part, 

1894, 236 ; 1900, 188, § 3. 
S. 1900, 188, § 1. 

S. 1896, 182. 

R. L. 16, § 35 ; S. in pait, 189."), 

465, § 3 ; 1897, 448, § 3. 
R. 1899, 381, § 12. 
R. L. 16, §§ 65, 66 ; R. in part, 

1900, 188, § 6. 
S. 1896, 425. 
S. 1898, 348, § 1. 

S. 1895, 465, §§ 6, 7. 

R. L. 16, §§ 136, 150; R. & S. 

in part, 1896, 348, § 2 ; 1898, 

348, § 3. 
R. L. 16, § 151 ; S. in part, 

1895, 465, § 8 ; 1898, 183. 
S. 1893, 439. 

T. 



xl 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1893, 



c. 370. . 

371. . 

372. . 

376. . 
379. . 
380 . . 

385. . 

386. . 

387. . 
394. . 
395 . . 
396, § 1 
396, § 2 
396, §§ 3-7 
396, i^ 8 

396, ^ 9 . . 
396, ^§ 10-12, 
396, §§ 13, 17, 
396, §§ 14-16, 
396, § 18 . . 
396, § 19 . . 
396, § 20 . . 
396, ^ 21 . . 
396, ^ 22 . . 
396, ^^ 23 . . 
396, §§ 24-29, 
396, \§ 30, 31, 

396, f 32 . . 
396, § 33 . . 



396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
396, 
397 . 
398. 
401 . 
403 . 



404. . 

405, ^ 1 
405, § 2 

405, i, 3 
405, § 4 
405, § 5 
406 . . 
409. . 
411 . . 
413 . . 
414. . 

416. . 

417. . 

418. . 

419. v^ 1 
419, '§§ 2, 

422 . . 

423 . . 
423, § 1 



$ 34 . . 
§§35-38, 
§39 . . 
§§40-42, 
§43 . . 
§§ 44-46, 
§§ 47-53, 
§§ 54-56, 
§ 57 . . 
§ 58 . . 
§ 59 . . 
§§ 60. 61, 
§ 62 . . 
§§ 63-65, 
§§66,67, 
§§68,69, 



R. 1897, 260, § 3. 

K. L. 160, § 67. 

K. L. 162, § 29 ; 163, § 16. T. 

in part. 
R. 1893, 417, § 345. 
R. L. 164, § 2. 
S. 1897, 274. 
R. L. 204, § 24. 
R. 1894, 508, § 80. 
R. 1894, 481, § 63. 
R. L. 157, §§ 16, 17. 
T. 

S. 1897, 245. 
R. L. 160, § 6. 
R. L. 160, §§ 9-13, 15. 
R. L. 160, §§ 10, 13, 14; S. in 

part, 1900, 281. 
R. L. 160, § 48. 
R. L. 160, §§ 16-19; 197, § 10. 
S. 1894, 398. 
R. L. 160, §§ 21-23. 
R. L. 170, § 9. 
R. L. 173, §§ 11, 54. 
R. L. 173, § 72. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 167, § 25. 
R. L. 173, §§ 20, 125, 126, 128. 
R. L. 173, §§ 97, 98, 100, 101. 
R. L. 157, §22; 173, §§ 102, 

104. 
R. L. 173, § 23. 
R. L. 193, §§ 14, 15, 16; R. in 

part, 1895, 234, § 27. 
R. L. 160, § 24 ; 218, § 46. 
R. L. 160, §§ 25-28. 
R. 1897, 180. 
R. L. 160, §§ 31-34. 
R. L. 160, § 35 ; 166, § 2. 
R. L. 160, §§ 36-38. 
R. L. 219, §§ 22-24, 27-30. 
R. L. 160, §§ 39, 41, 43. 
R. L. 166, § 1. 
R. L. 160, § 6. 
R. L. 160, § 45. 
R. L. 160, §§ 7, 8. 
R. L. 160, § 62. 
R. L. 160, §§ 44, 46, 47. 
R. L. 160, §§ 69, 70. 
T. and acted on. 
R. L. 110, § 9. 
R. 1894, 205, § 2. 
S. 1899, 417. 
R. L. 208, § 104 ; S. in part, 

1899, 330, § 5. 
R. L. 165, §§ 80, 88. 
R. L. 163, § 20. 
S. 1894, 261; R. 1895, 209, 

R. L. 163, § 133. 

R. 1894, 30, § 2. 

R. L. 163, § 4. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. 

R. L. 10, § 10. 

R. L. 10, § 21. 

Special and T. 

R. L. 212, § 37. 

Acted on. 

R. 1898. 548, § 418. 

T. 

S. 1894, 181. 

R. L. 102, §§ 15, 16. 

R. L. 162, § 54. 

R. L. 25, §§ 59-98, except 

Acted on. 



1893, c. 423, § 5 


. . R. L. Ill, § 54. 


" 423, § 25 


. . S. 1894, 17. 


" 423, § 26 


. . R. L. 25, § 86 ; S. in part, 1899, 




330, § 1. 


" 423, § 41 


. . T. Provisions as to fines. 




etc., omitted with P. S. 27, 




§ 130. 


" 424 . . 


. . R. L. Ill, § 158; -special in 




part. 


" 426 . . 


. . R. L. 223, §§ 9, 10. 


" 428 . . 


. . R. L. 222, § 8. 


" 431 . . 


. . R. L. 164, § 29. 


" 432. . 


. . R. L. 6, § 5 ; S. in part, 1895, 




276. 


" 434 . . 


. . S. 1894, 522, § 73. 


" 436 . . 


. . R. 1895, 461, § 2. 


" 438 . . 


. . R. 1894, 393, § 15. 


" 439. . 


. . R. L. 16, § 155. 


" 440 . . 


. . R. L. 72, §§ 15-18. 


" 443 . . 


. . R. & S. 1894, 285 ; 1895, 462, 
. . R. L. 12, §§ 54, 55. 


" 445 . . 


" 447. . 


. . R. L. 212, § 39. 


" 452 . . 


. . S. 1894, 68. 


" 453 . . 


. . R. L. 222, § 1. 


" 454 . . 


. . R. L. 34, except 


" 454, § 5 


. . S. in part, 1894, 538. 


" 454, § 6 


. . Redundant. 


" 454, §§ 7, 


9 . S. 1894, 432 ; 182. 


" 455 . . 


. S. 1894, 370. 


" 456 . . 


. S. 1894, 477, § 2. 


" 457. . 


. R. 1897, 306, § 2. 


" 460, § 1 


. S. 1899, 143. 


" 460, § 2 


. R. L. 75, § 141. 


" 461 . . 


. R. L. 151, §§ 30, 34. 


" 462. . 


. R. L. 48, § 103. 


" 465 . . 


. R. 1898, 378, § 6 ; 548, § 418. 


" 466 . . 


. R. L. 207, §§ 22, 23. 


" 469, § 1 


. R. L. 164, § 27; S. in part, 




1894, 352; 1898, 280; 1900, 




328, 347, 408. 


" 469, § 2 


. R. L. 164, § 15; 204, §§ 30, 




33-37. 


" 469, § 3 


. R. L. 164, § 16. 


" 470 . . 


. R. L. 96, §§4-6; 202, §30. 


" 472 . . 


. R. 1896, 397, § 24. 


" 476, § 1 


. S. & R. 1898, 528; 1900, 474, 




§2. 


" 476, §§ 2-4 . R.L. 47, §§ 1-4. 


" 476, § 5 


. R. L. 47, § 3. In part re- 




dundant. 


" 476, §§ 6-9, 


11, 13 


. R. 1894, 497, § 9. 


" 476, §§ 10, 


12, 


14 . 


. R. L. 47, §§ 14, 15, 20, 21. 


" 476, § 15 


. Superfluous. 


" 477. . 


. S. 1894, 455. 


" 479 . . . 


. In part, R. L. 160, § 67. 


1894, c. 16 . . . 


. S. 1898, 548, § 331. 


17. . . 


. R. L. 25, § 85. 


" 19 . . . 


. S. 1894, 522, § 15. 


27. . . 


. R. L. 208, § 60. 


30 . . . 


. R. L. 163, § 137. 


41 . . . 


. R. L. HI, § 183. 


" 58 . . . 


. S. 1898, 466, § 4. 


59. . . 


. Acted on. 


" 60 . . . 


. S. 1894, 367, § 9. 


62. . . 


. R. 1896, 279, § 3. 


65. . . 


. Mostly special. S. in part. 




1897, 422. 


66. . . 


. R. L. 164, § 33. 


67. . . 


. T. 


68. . . 


. R. L. 165, § 88. 


83, §§1, 


i . R. L. 60, § 7. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



xU 



1894, 


c. 83, 


62 


. . R. L. 57, § 76. 


<< 


97." . 


. . S. 1901, 102. 


II 


101 . . 


. . Special and mostly T. 


II 


102. . 


. T. 


" 


103. . 


. S. 1894, 522, § 22. 


" 


104. . 


. . R. L. 184, § 47. 


" 


105. . 


. R. L. 52, §^ 16, 17. 


(1 


Ill, . 


. Acted ou. 


II 


113. . 


. R. L. 91, § 60. 


•< 


117. . 


. R. L. 208, $ 60. 


'< 


118. . 


. Acted on. 


«< 


120. . 


. S. 1894, 522, § 73. 


" 


126. . 


. R. L. 36, § 8. 


II 


127. . 


. R. L. 7, § 1. 


II 


128. . 


. R. L. 146, § 29. 


II 


129. . 


. R. L. 100, § 35. 


" 


130, §§ 1- 


5 . Acted on. 


" 


130, §§ 4, 


5 . S. 1896, 162. 


" 


132. . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 


133 . . 


. S. 1894, 522, §^ 29, 31, 80. 


<i 


136. . 


. R. L. 165, § 33. 


II 


137. . 


. S. 1894, 522, §§ 20, 56. 


II 


139. . 


. R. L. 163, § 132. 


«' 


142. . 


. R. L. 160, § 71. 


II 


143 . . 


. Special. 


" 


144. . 


. R. L. 89, § 1. 


" 


145. . 


. R. L. 25, ^ 45 ; S. in part, 1897 
299, ^§1,2; 1899, 379, §§ 1, 2 


" 


146. . 


. R. L. 27, s^ 15. 


II 


147. . 


. S. 1894, 522, § 83. 


" 


151. . 


. R. L. 42, § 21. 


<' 


153. . 


. R. L. 23, I 18. 


" 


160. . 


. R. L. 217, § 53. • 


•I 


164. . 


. R. L. 163, §§ 2, 5, 6, 17. 


II 


169. . 


. S. 1901, 70. 


II 


170. . 


. S. 1900, 450, by repeal of P. S 
124, §§ 1, 3. 


II 


173, § 1 . 


. R. 1896, 220. 


<« 


173, $ 2 


. R. L. 160, § 69. 


" 


174. . . 


. S. 1895, 332. 


1' 


175 




. R. L. 48, $ 109. 


II 


176 




. R. L. 39, ^ 3. 


II 


180 




. R. L. 102, §§ 25-28. 


'< 


181 




. R. L. 102, § 14. 


" 


182 




. R. L. 27, § 11; 34, ^ 8. 


II 


183 




. R. L. 21, § 48. 


II 


184 




. R. 1895, 308. 


11 


188 




. R. 1894, 498, § 30. 


" 


189, §§ 1- 


t . R. L. 91, §§^4-78. 


" 


189, § . 


. Redundant. 


<i 


195. . . 


. R. L. 87, § 34; S. in part 
1898, 433. 


« 


196. . 


. S. 1898, 433, ^ 11, 12. 


" 


198, §§ 1, 


2, 5, R. L. 62, §§ 1-3. 


" 


198, l\ 3, 


4 . R. 1901, 103. 


II 


198, § 6 


. S. 1895, 28. 


II 


199. . 


. R. L. 164, § 14. 


II 


200. . 


. R. 1898, 548, ^S 418. 


II 


203. . . 


. R. L. 144, ^ 1. 


II 


204. . 


. R. L. 156, § 18 ; 157, §8; 219 
$35. 


« 


205. . 


. R. 1900, 379, § 6. 


" 


206. . . 


. R. 1897, 444, § 31. 


<< 


207. . 


. R. L. 12, § 82. 


" 


209. . 


. S. & R. 1894, 508, §§ 5, 58 
1898, 548, § 418. 


" 


211. . 


. R. L. 16, (§ 107, 109, 110. 


II 


214, § 1 


. R. L. 225, l§ 95, 104. 


" 


214, § 2 


. R. L. 225, §§ 105, 106. 


" 


214, § 3 


. R. L. 225, Y§ 108, 111. 


II 


216. . 


. R. L. Ill, l§ 149, 151-153. 


II 


218, ^§ 1- 


3 . R. 1894, 473, § 2; 1898. 548 

H18. 


II 


218, 


64 


. Acted on. 



1894, 



236 

238 
245, 
248, 
249, § 1 
249, § 2 
250. 
251 . 

253. 
258. 

259. 
260. 
261 . 
267. 
268. 
270. 

271. 



317, $ 21 . . 

317, § 21, d. 

3 a, b 
317, 
317, 
317, 
317, 

317, § 54 

318. . 
320, § 1 



R. L. 12, § 5, cl. 12. 

R. L. 27, § 11. 

T. 

S. 1894, 522, § 73. 

R. L. 165, § 11. 

S. 1900, 279. 

O. See Res. 1899, c. 58. 

R. 1898, 496, § 36. 

R. L. 102, §2; S. in part, 

1894, 428, § 4. 

R. L. 16, §§ 23, 26, 31. 

T. 

R. L. 6, § 35. 

R. 1895. 242, § 6. 

S. 1901, 340. 

R. L. 225, §§ 104, 117. 

R. L. 20, § 14. 

R. L. 85, § 43; S. in part, 

1895, 390, § 6. 

R. L. 127, §§ 9, 18-22. 

R. L. 225, l§ 113, 128; S. in 

part, 1898, 443, § 1. 
R. L. 164, § 29. 
R. L. 225, § 70. 
R. 1895, 209, § 2. 
R. L. 19, § 36. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. L. 217, ^ 51 ; S. in part, 

1901, 364. 
R. 1895, 61, § 5 ; 1898, 548, 

$418. 
R. L. 217, § 52. 
R. L. 116, § 35. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. 1899, 372, § 11. 
R. L. 56, §§ 38, 43, 44, 46. 
R. L. 89, § 13. 
S. 1896, 377, § 1. 
R. L. 108, § 1. 
R. L. 157, § 25. 
R. L. 158, § 3. 
R. 1895, 462, § 7. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. L. 208, § 65. 
R. L. 12, § 42. 
T. 

S. 1901, 500. 
R. L. 3, § 29. 
R. L. 58, § 17. 
S. 1894, 522, § 39. 
R. 1899, 374, $ 9. 
R. L. 150, § 21. 
R. L. 12, § 23, cl. 2. 
S. 1899, 313. 
R. L. 102, § 155. 
T. 

S. 1896, 182. 
R. L. 6, § 35. 
R. 1895, 202, § 3. 
R. L. 58, § 16. 
R. L. 113, except 
R. L. 113, § 2; S. in part, 

1897, 362. 
R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 12; 113, $ 26; 

118, § 34. 

S. 1898, 184. 

S. 1897, 109. 

S. 1896, 231. 

S. 1896, 193. 

S. 1898, 425, § 6. 

T. 

R. L. 12, § 61. 

S. 1898, 496, § 1. 



xlii 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1894, c. 320, ^^ 2 . . 


R. L. 42, § 35. 


" 321 ... . 


R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 322 ... . 


R. L. 164, § 29. 


" 324 ... . 


R. L. 48, § 85. 


" 326, §§1,2, 4, 


R. L. Ill, §§ 75, 76. 


" 326, § 3 . . 


T. 


" 327. . . . 


R. L. 121, §§ 34, 35. 


" 328. . . . 


S. 1894, 367, § 8. 


« 329. . . . 


R. L. 39, §§ 13-16, except 


" 329, H • • 


R. L. 42, § 28. 


<' 330. .. . 


R. L. 165, § 88; R. in part. 




1901, 329. 


<' 332. .. . 


T. 


" 333 ... . 


S. 1895, 201. 


" 334. .. . 


R. L. 107, § 3. 


" 336 . . . . 


R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 337. . . . 


R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


" 341 . . . . 


R. 1894, 481, § 63. 


" 342 ... . 


R. L. 114, §§ 14, 15. 


" 343 ... . 


R. 1896, 383, § 6. 


" 349. .. . 


R. L. 225, § 10. 


" 350. . . . 


R. L. 109, §§ 20, 21. 


" 352. . . . 


R. L. 164, § 27. 


" 353 . . . . 


R. 1895, 434, § 5. 


" 354 ... . 


R. L. 12, § 74. 


" 355. .. . 


R. L. 75, § 4. 


" 356 . . . . 


R. 1897, 439, § 14. 


" 357. . . . 


R. L. 173, § 56. 


" 359 ... . 


Acted on. 


" 363 ... . 


R. L. 160, § 67, except so far 




as special. 


" 367 ... . 


S. 1898, 474. 


" 368. .. . 


R. L. 217, § 94. 


" 370 ... . 


R. L. 223, § 19. 


- 372. .. . 


R. L. 217, § 82. 


'- 373 . . . . 


R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 374. .. . 


S. 1897, 322. 


" 375 ... . 


R. L. 32, § 72. 


" 376. .. . 


R. L. 4, § 11. 


" 377. .. . 


S. 1899, 345. 


" 378 ... . 


R. 1899, 354, § 6. 


" 379. . . 


R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 380. . . 


R. L. 109, §§ 22, 23. 


" 381 . . . 


R. L. 126, l§ 2, 7. 


<' 382, §1 . . 


R. L. 104, § 36 ; 108, § 8. 


" 382, § 2 . 


R. L. 104, § 55; S. in part. 




1894, 481, '§§ 26, 37, 38, 52. 


" 382, § 3 . . 


S. 1894, 481, §§ 25, 26. 


'< 383 ... . 


R. L. 112, § 74. 


" 384 . . . 


R. L. 170, § 6. 


" 385. . . 


R. 1895, 299, § 8; 1898, 548, 




§418. 


" 388 . . . 


S. 1896, 169. 


" 389 . . . 


R. L. 51, § 22 ; 106, § 75. 


" 393. . . 


As amended, R. L. 9. 


" 394. . . 


R. L. 3, § 13. 


" 397 . . . 


R. L. 6, § 14; S. in part, 1899, 




151. 


" 398, § 1 . 


R. L. 160, § 20 ; 167, § 2 ; 189, 




H- 


'■ 398, § 2 . 


R. L. 167, § 27; 177, § 17; 




189, § 6. 


" 399 . . . 


. R. L. 102, §§ 114-117. 


" 401, § 1 . 


. R. L. 151, I 19. 


" 401, § 2 . 


. S. 1899, 197. 


" 402, I 1 . 


. R. 1897, 439, § 14. 


" 402, I 2 . 


. R. 1897. 444, § 31. 


" 405 . . . 


. R. L. 173, §§ 10, 11. 


" 406, § 1 . 


. R. L. 217, § 50. 


" 406, § 2 . 


. R. L. 204, § 22. 


" 407. . . 


. Special. 


" 409, § 1 . 


. R. L. 151, § 17. 


" 409, § 2 . 


. R. L. 151, § 28. 


" 409, § 3 . 


. R. L. 151. § 18. 



1894, c. 409, § 4 . . 

" 409, § 5 . . 

" 409, §§ 6, 7 . 

" 409, § 8 . . 

" 410, § 1 . . 

" 410, § 2 . . 

" 412 . . . . 

" 415 ... . 

" 422 . . . . 

" 424, § 1 . , 

" 424, §§ 2, 3 . 

" 424, l§ 4-8 , 

" 424, § 9 . 

" 425 ... . 

" 427. . . . 

" 428, § 1 . , 

" 428, § 2 . 

" 428, § 3 . 

" 428, § 4 . 

" 428, § 5 . 

" 428, §§ 6-10 

" 429 . . . 

" 431 . . . 



432 . . . 

433 . . . 

435 . . . 

436 - . . 

437 . . . 

440, § 1 . 

440, § 2 . 

442. . . 
444 . 

444, §§ 2, 7 

448. . . 
450, §§ 1-3 

450, § 4 . 

451 . . . 

452 . . . 
455 . . . 



457, §§ 1-5 

457, §§6^7 

458, §§ 1, 2 
458, § 3 . 
458, § 4 . 

458, §§ 5-7 
458, § 8 . 
458, §§ 9-11 

460 . . . 

461 . . . 
462, §§1-3 
462, § 4 . 

469 . . . 

470 . . . 

471 . . . 
472. . . 
473 . . . 
476 . . . 
477, § 1 . 
477, § 2 . 
479 . . . 
479, §§1, 2 
481, §§ 1, 2 



R. L. 151, § 26. 

R. L. 151, § 30. 

R. L. 151, § 21. 

R. L. 151, § 43. 

R. L. 217, §§ 3-8. 

T. 

R. L. 173, §§ 108, 110 ; 219, § 35. 

R. L. 23, § 18. 

R. L. 51, § 20. 

R. L. 165, §§ 80, 88. 

R. L. 165, §§ 85, 86. 

R. L 165, §§ 80-82, 87, 88; R. 

in part, 1901, 329. 
R. L. 175, § 68, 
R. L. 56, § 62. 
S. 1895, 201. 
S. 1895, 379, § 1. 
S. 1896, 396. 
R. L. 100, § 5. 

R. L. 100, §§ 10, 14, 42, 47; 
102, § 2. 

R. L. 100, § 11. 
R. L. 100, §§ 6-9. 

R. L. 57, §§ 84, 85, 92. 

R. L. 160, §§ 18, 19, 22-29, 
31-33, 36-38, 49-59, 69 ; 167, 
§§2, 22; 173, §§54,72, 128; 
177, § 17 ; 197, § 10. 

R. L. 34, § 2 ; S. in part, 1894, 
448. 

R. L. 161, §45; 212, § 20. 

R. 1896, 397, § 24. 

R. 1898, 496, § 36. 

R. 1894, 508, § 80. By repeal 
of 1892, 330. 

S. 1895, 252. 

R. L. 225, § 129. 

S. 1894, 522, § 73. 

R. L. 32, §§ 1-8, except 

S. 1896, 303 ; 1898, 160. 

R. L. 34, § 2. 

R. L. 109, §§ 24, 27, 28. 

T. 

R. L. 225, § 50. 

R. L. 109, §§ 24, 27, 28. 

R. L. 103, §§ 1-11; S. in part, 

1895, 453. 
T. 

R. L. 39, § 11. 

R. L. 76, §§ 1, 2. 

T. 

S. 1897, 196; R. in part, 1901, 

467, § 5. 
R. L. 76, §§4-6. 
R. L. 76, § 3. 
R. 1901, 467, § 5. 
S. 1897, 412, § 1. 
R. L. 212, §§ 72, 77. 
R. L. 109, §§ 24, 28, 27. 
T. 
R. L. 70, § 8; 111, §§ 233, 

241, 269. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. 1898, 496, § 36. 
R. L. 109, §§ 30, 31. 
S. 1898, 548, § 334. 
R. L. 126, § 11. 
O. 

R. L. 223, § 4. 
R. L. 52, §§ 9-11, except 
S. 1898, 121 ; 1900, 312. 
R. L. 108, §§ 1, 7, 8; S. la 

part, 1895, 396; 418, § 8; 

1896, 546, § 4 ; 1898, 261. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



xliii 



1894, 


c. 481 


,§3 




R. L. 105, § 1. 


1894, c. 508, §§ 4, 5 






481 


H . . 


R. L. 104, § 10. 


58 . . 


S. 1898, 548, §§ 5, 409, 410. 




481 


, U 5-7 . 


R. L. 104, §§ 19-21. 


" 508, § 10 . 


. S. 1900, 378. 




481 


, §§ 8-10 . 


R. L. 106, § 17. 


" 508, §§ 13, 14 






481 


§§ 11-13, 


R. L. 104, §§ 1-3. 


16-25, 67 






481 


§§ 14-17, 


S. 1899, 139, §§ 1-4. 


69,70 . 


. R. 1898, 494, § 9. 




481 


§§ 18, 




" 508, § 15 . 


. S. 1898, 494, § 1. 




1 


9, 21, 22 . 


R. L. 104, §§ 8-10. 


" 508, § 42 . 


. S. 1900, 239. 




481 


§ 20 . . 


S. 1899, 139, § 5. 


" 508, §§44,45 






481 


§ 23 . . 


R. L. 104, § 41. 


47 . . 


. S. 1898, 150. 




481 


§24 . . 


S. 1900, 335, § 1. 


. " 508, § 49 . 


. S. 1898, 394. 




481 


§ 25 . . 


R. L. 104, §§ 22, 28. 


" 508, § 62 . 


. S. & R. 1898, 494, §§ 6, 9. 




481 


§26 . . 


R. L. 104, §§ 24, 51. 


" 508, § 77 . 


. Omitted. 




481 


§§ 27-30, 


R. L. 104, §§ 15-18. 


" 508, § 79 . 


. T. 




481 


§§ 31, 32, 


R. L. 104, §§ 48, 49. 


" 511, §§ 1, 2 


. S. 1901, 171. 




481 


§ 33 . . 


R. L. 104, § 23. 


" 511, §3 . 


. R. L. 75, § 41. 




481 


§34 . . 


R. L. 104, § 26. 


" 514, § 1 . 


. R. L. 176, § 18. 




481 


§35 . . 


R. L. 108, § 8. 


" 514, § 2 . 


. R. L. 176, § 5. 




481 


§36 . . 


R. L. 104, § 54. 


'< 514, § 3 . 


. R. L. 176, § 9 ; S. in part, 1897, 




481 


§§ 37-39, 


R. L. 104, §§ 50, 51, 53. 




515, § 4. 




481 


§40 . . 


R. L. 104, § 11. 


" 514, § 4 . 


. R. L. 176, § 39. 




481 


§ 41 . . 


R. L. 104, § 43. 


" 515. . . 


. R. L. 75, §§ 136-139. 




481 


§ 42 . . 


S. 1901, 439. 


" 519 . . . 


. R. 1896, 517, § 8. 




481 


§ 43 . . 


R. L. 104, § 28. 


" 522. . . 


. R. L. 118, except 




481 


§§ 44-46, 


R. L. 104, §§ 33, 34, 47. 


" 522, § 3 . 


. S. 1897, 66. 




481 


§§ 47, 48, 


R. L. 104, §§ 12, 13. 


« 522, § 5 . 


. S. 1895, 81. 




481 


§§ 49,50, 


R. L. 104, §§ 5, 6. 


" 522, §§6, 24 


. S. 1897, 67. 




481 


§§ 51-54, 


R. L. 104, §§ 38-40. 


" 522, §§ 11, 75 


, S. 1900, 363, §§ 1, 2. 




481 


§ 55 . . 


R. L. 108, § 8. 


" 522, § 13 . 


. S. 1898, 53. 




481 


§§56,57, 


R. L. 108, §§ 6, 2. 


" 522, § 16 . 


. S. 1897, 65. 




481 


§§58,59, 


R. L. 104, §§ 35, 38. 


" 522, §§20, 93 


, S. 1895, 59, §§ 1, 2. 




481 


§§ 60, 62, 


R. L. 104, §§ 55, 56. 


" 522, § 21 . 


. S. 1895, 271. 




481 


§61 . . 


R. L. 106, § 17. 


" 522, § 30 . 


. R. L. 110, § 16, in part. 




484. . . . 


R. L. 14, § 3. 


" 522, §§ 29, 31 






489. . . . 


S. 1901, 186. 


80 . . 


. S. 1895, 474. 




490 .... 


R. L. 12, § 23, cl. 5. 


" 522, § 32 . 


. S. in part, 1896, 253. 




491, §§ 1-9, 




" 522, § 34 . 


. Partly in R. L. 8, § 5. 




27, 29, 30, 




" 522, § 39 . 


S. 1896, 126. 




34-58 . . 


R. 1895, 496, § 15 ; 1899, 408, 


" 522, § 42 . 


. R. 1895, 190, § 2. 






§47. 


" 522, §§44, 48 


S. 1897, 197. 


" 


491, §§ 10-13, 


R. L. 56, §§ 70-72; S. in part. 


" 522, § 56 . 


. R. 1898, 178. 






1899, 408, §§ 20, 28. 


" 522, § 60 . 


. S. in part, 1895, 59, §§ 3, 4; 


" 


491, iU . . 


R. L. 217, §§ 1, 3. 




1896, 137. 


" 


491, §§ 15, 16, 


R. L. 56, §§ 73-75. 


" 522, § 61 . 


S. 1899, 364, § 1. 


<( 


491, §§ 17-22, 


S. 1895, 496, §§ 3-8, 


" 522, § 64 . 


. Partly in R. L. 14, § 26. 


<i 


491, § 23 . . 


R. L. 75, § 107. 


" 522, § 76 . 


S. 1896, 470. 


" 


491, ^^^ 24-26, 




<« 522, § 78 . 


R. L. 126, § 4 ; S. in part, 1896, 




28, 31-33 . 


S. 1899, 408, § 20. 




270. 


" 


491, §§59,60, 


Acted on, and T. 


" 522, § 83 . 


S. 1898, 380, § 2. 


" 


493 . . . . 


R. L. 87, § 48. 


« 522, § 84 . 


S. 1898, 537, § 2. 


" 


496. . 




R. L. 163, § 107. 


" 522, § 92 . 


. S. 1896, 402. 


<( 


497, § 1 




S. 1898, 476. 


" 525. . . 


R. L. 65, § 6. 


" 


497, § 2 




S. 1896,345, §3; 1897, 355, §1. 


" 527, § 1 . 


R. L. 164, § 2. 


u 


497, § 3 




R. L. 47, § 9. 


" 527, §§ 2, 3 


R. 1897, 383, § 2. 


" 


497, § 4 




S. 1897, 355, § 2. 


" .528. . . 


R. L. 49, § 5. 


" 


497, § 5 




R. L. 47, § 12; R. in part. 


" 532 . . . 


Special, except 








1897, 153, § 14. 


" 532, § 6 . 


R. L. 10, § 20. 


<l 


497, § 6 




R. 1900, 253, § 3. 


" 533. . . 


R. L. 34, §§ 1, 24. 


<( 


497, § 7 




R. L. 47, § 11. 


" 534 . . . 


R. L. 106, §§ 65, 67, 68. 


<( 


497, § 8 




T. 


" 535, §§1,2, 7 


R. L. Ill, §§ 8, 9. 


(( 


498. . 




R, 1898, 496, § 36, except 


" 535, §§3-6, 8 


S. 1897, 376. 


'< 


498, § 2 




R. L. 44, § 2. 


'< 536 . . . 


R. L. 191, §§ 48-53. 


(< 


499. . 




R. L. 106, §§ 71, 72, 74. 


" 537 . . . 


R. L. 13, §§ 13, 49-51. Pro- 


'* 


500 . . 




S. 1898, 503, § 2. 




vision as to publication 


(( 


501 . . 




Acted on. 




omitted. See R. L. 13, § 1. 


(( 


502. . 




R. L. Ill, § 61. Omitted in 


" 538. . . 


R. L. 34, § 10. 








part as covered by 1894, 462. 


" 541 . . . 


R. L. 126, §§ 15, 16. 


" 


503 . . 




R. 1898, 499. 


" 542. . . 


R. L. 100, § 89. 


<< 


504. . 




R. 1895, 502, § 1. 


" 543 . . . 


T. 


(( 


505 . . 




R. L. 216, §§ 4, 5. 


" .545. . . 


S. 1898, 538. 


" 


506, § 1 




R. L. Ill, §§ 276, 278. 


" 547. . . 


R. L. 157, § 25. 


(< 


506, I 2 




T. 


1894, Res. c. 90 . 


R. L. 41, § 2. 


(( 


508. . 




R. L. 106, except 


1895, c. 2. . . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


<( 


508 


H 




S. 1895, 129. 


10. . . 


R. L. 6, § 35. 



xliv 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1895, 



11 . 






R. L. 10, § 15. 


1895, c. 194 . . 


. R. L. 212, ^ 43, 44. 


27. 






R. 1898, 548, ^ 418. 


" 195 . . 


. R. L. 222, § 3. 


28. 






R. L. 62, § 4. ' 


" 196 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


34. 






R. L. 6, ^^ 58. 


" 199 . . 


. R. L. 91, § 67. 


46. 






S. 1897, 64. 


" 201 . . 


. S. 1898, 533, §§ 85, 146. 


54. 






R. L. 9, ^ 7. 


" 202 . . 


. R. 1897, 148, § 3. 


55. 






T. See R. L. 92, § 16. 


" 207 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


56. 






R. L. 91, §2; 92, § 19. 


" 209. . 


. R. L. 163, § 129. 


57. 






Special. 


" 210 . . 


. R. L. 150, ^<i 2. 


59, § 1 




R. L. 118, § 20. 


" 212. . 


. R. 1898, 496, § 36. 


59, I 2 




R. L. 118, §§ 90,93; S. in part. 


" 213, § 1 


. S. 1896, 332. 




1895, 159; 1896, 448. 


" 213, ^^^ 2, 


3 . R. L. 102, §§ 69, 71. 


59, ^ 3. 4 


R. L. 118, § 60. 


" 214 . . 


. R. L. 89, § 12. 


61. . . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 215 . . 


. S. 1901, 61. 


66. . 




R. L. 113, § 2. 


" 216 . . 


. R. 1898, 496, § 36. 


75. . 




R. L. 12, § 81. 


" 217. . 


. R. L. 25, § 14. 


81. . 




R. L. 118, § 5. 


" 218 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 26 ; 220, § 15. 


88, §1 




R. 1897, 110, § 2. 


" 220 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


88, §2 




R. L. 91, §§ 40. 42. 


" 224 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 53. 


89. . 




R. 1895, 299, ^ 8. 


" 227 . . 


. R. L. 25, § 23 ; 49, ^ 13. 


93. 






R. L. 9, § 15. 


" 228 . . 


. R. L. 122, §§ 20, 21. 


94. 






Unconstitutional. 1 Op. A. G. 


" 234 . . 


. R. L. 193, §§ 14-37, except 








319. 


" 234, § 26 


. R. L. 173, I 39. 


96. 






R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 237 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


100. 






Acted on. 


<' 238 . . 


. R. L. 9, ^ 2. 


103 . 






R. L. Ill, ^'l 156. 


" 240. . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


104. 






S. 1898, 474, § 9. 


" 242 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


105. 






R. L. 36, § 49. 


" 243 . . 


. R. L. 27, § 16. 


106. 






R. L. 66, §^ 1, 6. 


" 244 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


Ill . 






R. L. 21, § 40. 


" 245 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 70. 


112. 






R. L. 20, § 14. 


" 246 . . 


. R. L. 165, §§ 73, 76, 77. 


113. 






R. L. 21, § 3. 


" 250 . . 


. S. 1899, 336. 


115 o 






R. L. 206, ^ 6. 


" 251 . . 


. R. L. 165, §§ 6, 21, 35. 


116. 






R. L. 159, § 36 ; 162, ^ 25. 


" 252 . . 


. S. 1897, 206. 


117. 






S. 1896, 236. 


" 253 . . 


. R. 1896, 469, § 7; 1898, 548, 


118. 






Acted on. 




^^ 418. 


120. 






R. L. 176, ^ 29. 


" 256 . . 


. Acted on. 


125. 






R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 259 . . 


. R. L. 222, § 3 ; 225, § 16. 


127. 






R. L. 49, § 28. 


" 260 . . 


. S. 1901, 336. 


129. 






R. L. 106, § 10. 


" 262 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


132. 






S. 1901, 262. 


" 263 . . 


. S. 1896, 515, § 7. 


133. 






R. L. 21, § 3. 


" 271 . . 


. R. L. 118, § 21. 


134. 






R. L. 141, § 22. Omitted in 


" 273. . 


. R. L. 225, §§ 99, 104, 105, 108. 








part. 


<' 275 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


136. 






R. L. 112, § 53. 


" 276. . 


. . R. L. 6, H; S. in part, 1901, 


140. 






R. L. 146, § 26. 




211. 


141. 






Omitted by committee on re- 


" 277. . 


. R. L. 91, § 66. 








vision. 


" 281 . . 


. R. 1898, 474, § 24. 


142. 






R. L. 25, § 62 ; 26, § 2. 


" 282, § 1 


. R. L. 91, §§ 104, 105, 108-111. 


143. 






R. 1897, 153, § 14. 


«' 282, I 2 


. R. L. 91, ^ 105. 


144, ^§ 1, 


3 


S. 1901, 370. 


" 282, I 3 


. R. L. 91, 9 85. 


144, I 2 




R. L. 106, § 68. 


" 284 . . 


. R. L. 10, §§ 3, 4, 8, 10. 


146 . . 




R. L. 222, § 3. 


" 285. . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


153, § 1 




R.L. 173, ^U06;219, ^^ 35. 


" 286, § 1 


. R. L. 87, § 35. 


153, § 2 




S. 1896, 451. 


" 286, § 2 


. R. L. 87, ^ 35 ; S. in part, 1898, 


157 . . 




S. 1900, 280. 




433, § 19. 


159. 






R. L. 118, ^ 90. 


" 288. . 


. R. L. 150, § 22. 


162 . 






R. L. 212, ^ 20. 


" 290 . . 


. R. L. 107, § 2; S. in pait, 


164. 






R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 12; 113, § 26, 




1899, 115. 








el. 2, f; 118, ^34, cl. 2. 


" 293. . 


. R. L. Ill, s^ 270. 


169. 






R. L. 110, § 86. 


" 295 . . 


. R. L. 32, ^S^ '"A 61. 


171 . 






R. L. 114, s^ 30. 


" 296 . . 


. R. L. 25, ^23; 26, ^ 2. 


172. 






R. L. 114, § 20. 


" 299. . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


173. 






R. L. Ill, § 196. 


" 300 . . 


. R. L. 14, ^ 52. 


174. 






R. L. 164, § 29. 


" 307 . . 


. S. 1896, 108. 


175. 






R. L. 21, § 46. 


" 308. . 


. Acted on. 


176. 






R. L. 160, § 2. Special in part. 


" 310, § 1 


. R. L. 83, § 15 ; S. in part, 






S. in part, 1898, 460. 




1898, 433, ^ 23. 


181. . 




R. L. 42, § 49. 


" 310, § 2 


. S. 1898, 483. 


183, ^ 1 




S. 1897, 136. 


" 311 . . 


. R. L. 126, ^ 3, 4, 12, 13. 


183, I 2 




R. L. 127, ^§ 30, 31. 


" 313 . . 


. R. L. Ill, ^ 8, 9, 10. 


186 . . 




R. L. 25, § 22. 


" 316. . 


. R. L. 112, '^ 76. 


190. . 




R. L. 118, v<i 42. 


" 318 . . 


. R. L. 108, '§§ 21-25. 


193 . 






R. L. 10, f^ 11-13. 


" 322 . . 


. S. 1901. 364. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



xlv 



1895, ( 


3.323. . . . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


1895, c. 421 . . 


. Special. 




330. . . . 


K. L. 121, § 40. 


" 424 . . 


. R. L. 7, § 13. 




332. . . . 


R. L. 75, § 9. 


" 425 . . 


. R. 1896, 547, § 9; 1898, 548 




337. . . . 


K. L. 100, §§ 17, 41. 




^418. 




338. . . . 


R. L. 26, § 18. 


" 426, §§ 1, 


2 . R. L. 112, §§ 63, 64. 




340 . . . . 


S. 1898, 474, §§ 8, 19. 


" 426, 1 3 


. T. 




347. . . . 


T. 


" 427. . 


. R. L. 151, 6 6. 




348. . . . 


R. L. 69, §§ 7-14. 


" 428, § 1 


. Acted on. 




350. . . . 


R. L. 25, 1^52,54; 121, ^^ 26; 


" 428, § 2 


. R. L. 86, § 1. 






122, ^S^ 1, 3, 4. 


" 428, §§ 3, 


4 . R. L. 86, §§ 1, 33, 36. 




351 . . . . 


R. L. 124, § 2. 


" 429 . . 


. R. L. 87, § 34. 




355 . . . . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 430. . 


. R. L. 15, 1^ 4, 9. 




356 . . . . 


R. L. Ill, §1 92, 96. Omitted 


" 431 . . 


. R. L. 222, 1 2. 






in part, as superfluous. 


" 432. . 


. R. L. 163, 1 60. 




361. . . . 


R. L. 79, §§ 3, 6. 


" 434, § 1 


. R. L. 98, § 1. 




362. . . . 


R. L. Ill, ^^^ 201-209. 


" 434, 1 2 


. R. L. 98, §M, 3; S. in part 




363. . . . 


T. 




1900, 440. 




364. . . . 


R. L. 164, § 29. 


" 434, § 3 


. R. L. 102, § 172. 




366 . . . . 


R. L. 118, § 71. 


'* 434, 1 4 


. R. L. 98, § 5. 




368. . . . 


T. 


" 436 . . 


. T. 




369. . . . 


S. 1897, 342. 


" 437. . 


. R. L. 178, § 21. 




371. . . . 


Special. 


" 438. . 


. S. 1896, 334. 




372. . . . 


R. L. 165, § 17. 


" 441 . . 


. R. 1897, 525, § 4. 




373. . . . 


S. 1896, 490, § 1. 


" 444. . 


. R. L. 49, § 44. 




374. . . . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. See R. L. 
25, § 81. 


" 445 . . 


. R. L. 81, §§ 22-24; S. in part 
1898, 443, § 1. 




375, . . . 


S. 1898, 196. 


" 452 . . 


. S. 1898, 160. 




376. . . . 


R. L. 19, § 2. 


" 453 . . 


. R. L. 103, §§5,7, 12. 




378, §1 . . 


R. L. 112, § 52. 


" 456 . . 


. R. L. 64, § 3. 




378. 1 2 . . 


T. 


" 457, §§ 1 


2, 




379, §1 . . 


R. L. 100, § 3. 


4, 5 . 


. R. L. 160, §§ 64, 65. 




379, ^ 2 . . 


T. 


" 457, § 3 


. Acted on. 




380. . . . 


R. L. 177, § 17. 


" 459 . . 


. R. L. 164, § 29. 




383. . . . 


R. L. 225, 1 136. 


" 460 . . 


. R. L. 127, § 23. 




385. . . . 


R. L. 213, § 5. 


" 461 . . 


. R. L. 212, 1 89. 




387. . . . 


R. L. 126, 1 10. 


" 462, ^J 1,2 


, 4, S. 1899, 359, §§ 1-3. 




388. . . . 


R. L. 190, §§ 15, 16. 


" 462, §§ 3, 


5 . R. L. 72, §§ 9, 12. 




390, ^§ 1, 2 . 


R. L. 85, § 41. 


" 462, 6 6 


. S. 1899, 359, § 6. 




390, ^ 3 . . 


R. L. 225, §§ 101-103. 


" 462, § 7 


. T. 




390, § 4 . . 


R. L. 218, § 16 ; 219, ^^ 17. 


" 463, 1 1 


. R. 1899, 365, § 2. 




390, l§5,6 . 


R. L. 85, §§ 42-45; S. iu part. 


" 463, 1 2 


. R. L. 9, ^<1 7. 






1898, 433, §§ 23, 28. 


" 465, 1 1 


. S. 1897, 448, § 2. 




390, § 7 . . 


R. L. 219, § 16. 


'< 465, § 2 


. R. L. 16, § 14. 




392 . . . . 


R. L. 6, § 4. 


" 465, 1 3 


. R. L. 16, 1 35. 




393 . . . . 


S. 1895, 480. 


" 465, 1 4 


. S. 1897, 448, § 5. 




394, §§ 1-5 . 


R. L. 163, §§ 170-173. 


" 465, 1 5 


. R. L. 16, § 116. 




394, II 6-8 . 


R. L. 163, 1 118. 


" 465, 1 6 


. S. 1900, 162. 




396. . . . 


R. L. 108, 1 1. 


" 465, 1 7 


. R. L. 16, § 148. 




398. . . . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 465, 1 8 


. R. L. 16, 1 151. 




400. . . . 


R. L. 75, § 39. 


". 469 . . 


. R. L. 220, § 3. 




402. . . . 


R. L. 5, § 2. 


" 471. . 


. S. 1896, 546. 




404 . . . . 


R. L. 197, § 28. 


" 472. . 


. T. 




406 . . . . 


Special. 


" 474, §§ 1, 


2 . S. 1896, 447. 




410 . . . . 


S. 1896, 342, ^n. 2. 


" 474, 1 3 


. R. L. 118, § 80. 




412. . . . 


R. 1901, 467, § 5. 


" 475 . . 


. S. 1899, 299. 




415, § 1 . . 


S. 1898, 533, § 136. 


" 476 . . 


. R. by repeal of 1894, 491 




415, 1 2 . . 


S. 1898, 533, § 155. 




§§ 1, 2. 




415, 1 3 . . 


S. 1898, 533, § 85. 


" 480. . 


. R. L. 165, §§ 6, 35. 




415, 1 4 . . 


T. 


" 481 . . 


. R. L. 70, § 7. 




418, §§ 1, 3-5, 


R. L. 105, §§ 2, 4, 5. 


<' 482. . 


. R. 1896, 357, § 6. 




418, § 2 . . 


S. 1898, 167. 


« 483, § 1 . 


. R. L. 87, § 16. T. in part. 




418, 1 6 . . 


R. L. 108,. § 2. 


" 483, § 2 


. R. L. 87, 1 21. 




418, §7 . . 


R. L. 105, § 6. 


" 483, 1 3 


. R. L. 87, 1^ 23, 24. 




418, 1 8 . . 


R. L. 105, § 1 ; 108, §§ 1, 5. 


" 483, §§ 4, 


6 . R. L. 87, II 27, 29. 




419, 1 1 . . 


R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 2. 


" 483, 1 5 . 


. T. 




419, § 2 . . 


R. L. 214, § 27. 


" 483, 1 7 . 


. R. L. 87, § 26. T. in part. 




419, §§ 3-5 . 


R. L. 214, §§ 20-22. 


" 483, §§ 8, 


10, S. 1899, 211, §§ 1, 2. 




419, 1 6 . . 


R. L. 214, § 28. 


" 483, 1 9 . 


. R. L. 87, §§ 66, 74. 




419, §§7,8 . 


R. L. 214, §§ 18, 19. 


" 483, 1 11 . 


. R.L. 87, §^66,89. T. in part. 




419, 1 9 . . 


R. L. 214, II 5, 23, 24. 


" 483, 1 12 . 


. R. L. 87, § 77. 




419, ^UO . . 


R. L. 101, 1 8. 


" 483, 1 13 . 


. Special. 




419, §§ 11, 12, 


R. L. 99, §§ 1, 2. 


" 486 . . . 


. R. 1896, 513, § 2. 




419, § 13 . . 


R. L. 214, §§ 7-9, 11, 15-17. 


" 488. . . 


• Special. 




4a». . . . 


R. L. 121, § 24. 


" 489. . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 



xlvi 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1895 



1895, 
1896 



c. 493, § 1 

493, § 2 
493, § 3 
493, § 4 
493, § 5 
496, ^S^ 

9-12 . . 
496, §§3,-i 



1, 2, 



496, §§ 5-8 

496, § 13 
496, § 14 



497. . 

497, § 6 

500 . . 

501 . . 
502, § 1 

502, § 2 
503 . . 

503, §^4, 

504, § 1 
504, § 2 
504, § 3 
506, I 1 
506, ^^§ 2, 
507 . 



508 
Res. c. 68 
c. 73, 

78, 



96. 
102. 
108. 
109 . 
124. 
126. 
128. 
133 . 
136. 
137 . 
140 . 
147. 
152. 
158. 
162, 
162, 
169. 
171. 
172. 
176. 
178. 
179. 
182. 
186. 
189. 
190. 
193 , 
199. 
203 , 
208 , 
210. 
218, 
219. 
220. 
221 . 
223 . 
225 . 
228. 
229. 



§1 



12, 



R. L. 22, § 32; S. in part, 

1898, 333. 

li. 1896, 172, ^ 2. 
R. L. 22, § 34. 
R. L. 21, § 48. 
Acted ou. 

R. 1899, 408, § 47. 

R. L. 73, vS^ 99. 100; S. in 

part, 1897, 428, ^^ 2. 
R. L. 75, §§ 101, 102, 105, 

106. 
T. 
S. & R. 1896, 276 ; 1897, 165 ; 

1899, 408, ^S 47. 

R. L. 102, ^^§ 39-45, except 

S. 1898, 515. 

S. 1900, 419. 

R. 1896, 517, § 8. 

Acted on. 

R. 1898, 548, § 418. 

R. L. 88, except 

T. & S. in part, 1900, 192. 

R. L. 220, I 20. 

S. 1898, 240. 

R. L. 225, § 129. 

T. 

R. 1898, 548, § 418. 

S. & R. 1897, 530, § 26 ; 1898, 

171 ; 548, § 418. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. L. 10, § 9. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
T. 

R. L. 9, § 7. 
S. 1897, 97. 
S. 1898, 474, § 20. 
R. L. 15, § 1. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. L. 118, § 77. 
S. 1897, 62. 
S. 1897, 153, J 6. 
R. L. 39, ^ 11. 
S. 1898, 474, § 12. 
S. 1897, 357. 
R. L. 118, § 56. 
R. L. 21, ^ 3. 
R. L. 25, ^ 18. 
R. L. 50, §§ 15-18. 
R. L. 8, § 5, cl. 9. 
R. L. 100, §^<i 17, 41. 
R. L. 100, § 43. 
R. L. 118, I 34. 
R. L. 22, § 33. 
R. L. 21, § 4. 
R. L. 113, ^ 26, cl. 3, h. 
S. 1898, 496, § 17. 
R. L. 16, ^S 30. 
R. L. 40, § 1. 
R. L. 9, § 7. 
S. 1899, 330. 
R. L. 113, § 53. 
R. L. 28, f 30. 
R. L. 187, § 35. 
R. L. 149, § 25. 
R. 1897, 147, § 2. 
R. L. 165, §1 5, 35. 
R. L. 164, § 29. 
R. L. 160, § 42. 
R. L. 9, § 7. 
R. L. 9, § 7. 
R. L. 108, ^^§ 14, 16. 
R. 1896, 496, § 2. 
R. L. 91, § 70. 



1896, c. 230 . . 


. R. L. 76, §§ 3, 8, except 


" 230, § 2 


. T. in part. 


" 231 . . 


. R. L. 113, § 33. 


" 2-34 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 57. 


« 236 . . 


. R. L. 49, §§ 22, 23. 


" 240 . . 


. R. L. 160, I 2. 


" 241 . . 


. R. L. 106, ^S 62. 


" 244 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 247. . 


. R. L. 168, § 28. 


" 248 . . 


. R. L. 6, § 18 ; 9, ^ 14. 


" 251, § 1 


. R. L. 49, ^^ 22, 45. 


" 251, ^^ 2 


. S. 1897, 151. 


" 252 . . 


. R. L. 75, §j 124, 126. 


" 253 . . 


. R. L. 118, § 32. 


" 254 . . 


. R. L. 89, § 2. 


" 2,56 . . 


. R. L. 19, § 11. 


" 258 . . 


. R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 264 . . 


. R. L. 56, § 59. 


" 268 . . 


. R. L. 91, ^^ 83, 84; S. in part. 




1901, 237. 


" 269 . . 


. R. L. 27, § 9. 


" 270 . . 


. R. L. 118, ^^ 78. 


" 272. . 


. R. L. 100, § 17. 


" 275. . 


. R. L. 223, ^ 38. 


" 276. . 


. S. & R. 1897, 163 ; 1899, 408, 




H7. 


" 277. . 


. R. L. 114, § 11. 


'< 279, § 1 


. S. 1897, 164. 


" 279, § 2 


. R. L. 79, ^S 21. 


" 280 . . 


. R. L. 32, \ 60. 


" 285 . . 


. R. L. 114, § 18. 


" 286 . . 


. R. L. 114, § 1. 


" 288 . . 


. R. L. 83, $ 35. 


" 291 . . 


. R. L. 25, I 15. 


" 297 . . 


. R. L. 37, U 11-17. 


" 302 . . 


. R. L. 24, § 14. 


" 303 . . 


. R. L. 32, ^S 2. 


" 304 . . 


. R. L. 223, § 28. 


" 306 . . 


. R. L. 151, §§ 41, 40, 30, except 


" 306, $ 3 


. Acted on. 


" 308 . . 


. R. L. 100, §§ 41, 53. 


" 310 . . 


. Special. 


" 313, § 1 


. S. 1897, 379. 


" 313, l§ 2, 


3 . R. L. 28, ^ 16. 


" 314 . . 


. R. L. 108, §§ 26-28. 


<' 316. . 


. R. L. 164, I 30. 


" 317. . 


. R. L. 225, § 82. 


" 319 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 326. . 


. R. L. 6, § 4. 


" 327. . 


. R. L. 113, § 51. 


" 331 . . 


. R. 1899, 204, § 3. 


" 332 . . 


. S. 1897, 300, ^^ 3. 


" 334 . . 


. S. 1898, 481. 


" 335 . . 


. R. L. 118, § 5. 


" 337 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 338 . . 


. R. L. 121, § 39. 


" 339 . . 


. R. L. 212, §^ 22, 23. 


" 342. . 


. R. L. 3, §§ 27, 31. 


" 343 . . 


. R. L. 104, § 42. 


" 344 . . 


. R. L. 208, §^^ 119, 120. 


" 345 . . 


. R. L. 47, f§ 6, 13, 14, 18. 


<* 346 . . 


• . R. L. 118, 1 61. 


" 347 . . 


. R. L. 4, § 2. 


" 348 . . 


. R. L. 16, § 75. 


" 353. . 


. R. L. 160, §^ 2. 67, 68, except 




so far as special. 


" 355 . . 


. R. L. 173, §§ 98, 99. 


" 356 . . 


. S. 1896, 480. 


" 357 . . 


. R. 1897, 153, § 14. 


" 360 . . 


. R. 1898, 496, § 36. 


" 361 . . 


. R. L. 118, i^ 61. 


" 369 . . 


. R. L. 110, ^§ 51, 53, 57, 84, 




86. 


" 377. . 


. R. L. 56, ^^ 41, 47. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



xlvli 



1896, c. 380 . . . . 


R. L. 26, §§ 29, 30. 


1896, 


" 381 ... . 


R. L. 3, §§ 6, 7. 




" 382. .. . 


R. 1898, 496, § 36. 




" 383. .. . 


R. 1898, 548, ^ 418. 




" 384. .. . 


R. L. 20, §§ 18, 19. 




" 385. .. . 


R. L. 212, ^^ 56. 




" 388. . . . 


R. L. 216, § 4. 




" 389. .. . 


R. L. 208, § 20. 




" 391, § 1 . . 


R. L. 126, §^ 17, 19. 




" 391, § 2 . . 


S. 1897, 423. 




' " 396. .. . 


R. L. 100, §§ 3, 4. 




" 397, §§ 1, 5 . 


S. 1899, 422, § 1. 




" 397, §§ 2-4, 






6-9 .. . 


R. L. 76, §§ 11-13, 15-17. 




" 397, §9 . . 


S. in part, 1901, 522. 




" 397,^10 . . 


R. L. 100, §§ 10, 21, 22, 25. 




" 397, §§ 11, 12, 


R. L. 100, l§ 23, 24. 




" 397, § 13 . . 


R. L. 100, §§ 18, 25. 




" 397, 1 14 . . 


S. 1901, 91. 




" 397, §§ 15, 16, 


R. L. 100, §§ 27, 28, 54. 




" 397, § 17 . . 


R. L. 100, ^29; 220, § 10. 




" 397, §1S . . 


S. 1900, 317. 




" 397, ^9 • • 


R. L. 75, § 26. 




" 397, i^ 20 . . 


S. 1898, 192. 




" 397, §§ 21-23, 


R. L. 76, §§ 19, 20, 23. 




" 398, §§ 1, 3 . 


R. L. 56, §1 58, 60. 




'< 398, §2 . . 


S. 1899, 223. 


1897, 


" 401 ... . 


R. L. 158, ^ 3. 




" 402. .. . 


R. L. 118, ^ 88; S. in part, 
1897, 63. 




" 404. .. . 


R. L. 198, § 15. 




" 407 ... . 


Special. 




" 408 ... . 


S. 1897, 498. 




" 409. .. . 


R. L. 112, § 20. 




" 412. .. . 


R. L. 156, § 20 ; 157, § 24. 




" 413 ... . 


R. L. 165, l§ 16, 21. 




" 418. .. . 


R. L. 75, f§ 28-34. 




" 422. .. . 


R. L. 207, I 12. 




" 423. .. . 


R. L. 116, §§ 12, 20, 29. 




" 424 ... . 


R. L. 19, § 11. 




" 425. .. . 


S. 1897, 448, ^<i 9. 




" 426 ... . 


R. L. 121, § 9. 




" 427. .. . 


R. L. 176, § 1. 




" 429. .. . 


R. L. 39, § 9. 




'« 435 ... . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 




" 439, ^§ 1, 3 . 


R. L. Ill, § 158. 




'< 439, §2 . . 


T. 




" 440. .. . 


R. 1899, 462, § 4. 




•' 4-13, §§ 1-4 . 


R. L. 22, §§ 28-30. 




" 443, ^ 6 . . 


R. L. 5, § 10. 




" 443, §7 . . 


R. L. 204, § 29. 




" 444. .. . 


R. L. 173, § 2. 




" 445 ... . 


R. L. 175, I 67. 




" 447. .. . 


S. 1900, 92. 




" 448 ... . 


R. L. 118, ^^ 90. 




" 449 ... . 


R. L. 19, §'36. 




" 451 ... . 


R. L. 173, § 111. 




" 455 .... 


R. L. 25, § 15. 




" 456. .. . 


R. L. 145, §§ 23, 24, 39. 




" 459 ... . 


R. L. 165, §'§ 80-82, 85, 87, 88, 
except 




" 459, § 7 . . 


R. L. 175, § 68. 




" 464 ... . 


R. L. 178, § 43. 




" 469 ... . 


R. 1898, 548, § 418. 




'< 470. .. . 


S. 1900, 363, § 3. 




" 473 ... . 


R. L. 109, §§ 26, 27. 




" 476 ... . 


R. L. 17, §§ 5, 6. 




" 477. .. . 


R. L. 25, ^ 15. 




" 480. .. . 


R. L. 34, § 27; 121, § 30. 




" 482. .. . 


R. L. 87, § 32 ; S. in part, 1898, 
433, § 28. 




«' 490. .. . 


R. L. 7, §§ 1, 9. 




" 494 ... . 


R. L. 106, § 14. 




" 496 ... . 


S. 1898, 533, § 85. 





c. 498 . . 


. R. 1898,378, §6; 548, §418. 


499. . 


. R. L. 151, § 6. 


501 . . 


. R. L. 112, I 92. 


502 . . 


. R. L. 19, § 9. 


:,09 . . 


. R. L. 11, §§ 423^25. 


513 . . 


. R. & S. 1897, 355, § 3; 1901, 




416, § 3. 


515 . . 


. R. 1899, 229, § 6. 


516, § 4 


. In part, R. L. 113, § 26. 


517. . 


. R. L. 19, §§ 7, 20-22, 24, 35,. 




except 


517, § 5 


. S. 1901, 339. 


518. . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


519. . 


. S. 1901, 511. 


520. . 


. Special. 


522 . . 


. R. L. 18, § 13. 


523. . 


. R. L. 71, § 5; 110, § 86. 


526. . 


. R. L. 157, § 1. 


527. . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


540 . . 


. R. L. 51, § 19. 


541. . 


. R. 1898, 578, § 26. 


544. . 


. R. L. 110, §§ 76, 77. 


546. . 


. S. 1899, 368, except 


546, § 4 


. In part, R. L. 108, §§ 1, 5. 


547. . 


. R. 1897, 296, § 8. 


550. . 


. R. 1899, 419, § 3. 


c. 62. . 


. R. L. 118, § 39. 


63. . 


. R. L. 118, § 88. 


64. . 


. R. L. 118, 1 87. 


65. . 


. R. L. 118, § 16. 


66. . 


. R. L. 118, I 3. 


67, § 1 


. R. L. 118, § 6. 


67, §2 


. R. L. 118, §§ 15, 24. 


89. . 


. R. L. 154, § 14 ; 163, § 177. 


91 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


97. . 


. S. 1901, 8. 


99. . 


. R. L. Ill, § 56. 


109. . 


. R. L. 113, § 31. 


110. . 


. R. L. 91, §§ 41, 79. 


Ill . . 


. Acted on. 


113. . 


. R. L. 3, § 18. 


114. . 


. R. L. 10, § 29. 


116, § 1 


. R. L. 25, § 23. 


116, § 2 


. R. L. 49, § 36. 


117. . 


. R. L. 57, §§ 18-20. 


118. . 


. R. L. 118, 1 19. 


119. . 


. R. L. 163, \ 119. 


120. . 


, R. L. 163, § 64. 


124. . 


. R. L. 163, § 149. 


126. . 


. R. L. 13, §1 2, 6, 12. 


128, § 1 


. R. L. 21, § 1 ; S. in part, 1898, 




317. 


128, § 2 


. R. L. 21, §§ 12, 34. 


128, § 3 


. R. L. 21, I 39. 


128, § 4 


. R. L. 21, § 9. 


129 . . 


. R. L. 21, § 47. 


130, sS^ 1- 


i . R. L. 20, I 36 ; 21, § 7. 


130, § 4 


. R. L. 21, I 38. 


131. . 


. R. L. 149, § 30. 


132. . 


. S. 1901, 76. 


134, § 1 


. R. L. 38, § 11. 


134, § 2 


. R. L. 9, § 7. 


135. . 


. R. 1900, 345, § 6. 


136. . 


. R. L. 127, § 29. 


137, § 1 


. R. L. 20, § 24. 


137, § 2 


. S. 1900, 119. 


138. . 


. R. L. 49, §§ 16-20. 


140. . 


. R. L. 92, § 10. 


141 . . 


. R. L. 9, § 7. 


146 . . 


. Special. 


147. . 


. R. L. 162, § 46. 


148, § 1 


. S. 1898, 370. 


148, § 2 


. R. L. 12, § 5, cl. 13. 


151 . . 


. R. L. 49, §§21, 45. 



xlviii 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1897, c. 153 . 




. . R. L. 21, §§ 13, 14, 24-29, 32- 


1897, c. 304 . 






R. L. 116, §§ 5-7. 




34, 35, 37, except 


" 305 . 






R. L. 102, § 10. 


" 153, 1^ 6, 


7 . S. in part, 1898, 317. 


" 306 . 






R. L. 7, § 12 ; S- in part, 1901, 


" 160 . . 


. R. L. 100, §§ 17, 41. 








500. 


" 161 . 




. R. L. 114, ^ 21. 


" 315 . 






R. L. 112, § 54. 


" 164 . 




. S. 1900, 102. 


" 316. 






R. L. 20, i^ 28. 


" 165 . 




. . R. 1899, 408, § 47. 


" 317. 






R. L. 164, § 29. 


'< 173 . 




. R. L. 145, § 7. 


" 318 . 






R. L. 160, ^^ 67. 


" 179 . 




. R. 1898, 525, ^ 8. 


" 321 . 






R. L. 150, § 13, 


" 180 . 




. R. L. 160, § 29. 


" 322 . 






R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 183 . 




. R. L. 160, ^ 58, 67. 


" 324 . 






S. 1900, 400. 


" 184 . 




. S. 1901, 174. 


" 325 . 






S. 1900, 229. 


" 186 . 




. R. L. 118, § 110. 


" 326 . 






R. L. 147, § 22. 


" 187, § 1 


. S. 1900, 294, § 1. 


" 328 . 






. R. L. 19, § 12. 


" 187, § 2 


. R. L. 76, § 26. 


" 329 . 






R. L. 223, § 39. 


" 188 . . 


. R. L. 4, § 7. 


'• 334 . 






R. L. 165, §§ 6, 35. 


" 196 . 




. R. L. 76, ^^ 3 ; R. in part, 1901, 


" 337, §^ 1, 


2 


R. L. 109, 11 24, 25. 






467, J 5. 


" 337, I 3 




T. 


" 197 . 




. R. L. 118, §§ 44, 48. 


" 342. . 




R. L. 165, § 75. 


" 199 . 




. R. L. 137, i^ 13. 


" 344. 






R. L. 75, §§ 16-18, 22-24. 


" 204 . 




. . R. L. 10, § 18. 


" 349 . 






R. L. 160, ^30; 161, ^34. 


" 206 . 




. R. L. 225, ^S§ 114, 127, 128. 


" 350 . 






R. L. 225, §§ 136, 137. 


" 207 . 




. R. L. 100, §§ 38, 53. 


" 351 . 






R. L. 5, i 2. 


" 208 . 




. . R. L. 91, § 19. 


" 355, § 1 




R. L. 47, §§ 6, 11. 


" 210 . 




. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 355, § 2 




R. L. 47, § 10; S. in part. 


" 213 . 




. R. L. 112, §^ 85, 89, 90. 






1900, 404. 


" 220 . 




. R. L. 165, §§ 4, 35. 


" 355, § 3 




R. 1901, 416, v^ 3. 


" 224 . 




. R. L. 156, § 4. 


" 355, l§ 4, 


5 


R. by repeal of 1896, 541. 


" 227 . 




. R. L. 100, § 20. 


" 356. . 




R. L. 160, s^i 67. 


<' 228 . 




. S. 1898, 474, § 11. 


" 357 . 






R. L. 118, I 60. 


" 233 . 




. R. L. 100, § 45. 


" 358 . 






R. L. 160, I 67. 


" 236 . 




. R. L.220, §2; S. in part, 1900, 


" 359 . 






S. 1898, 372. 




449, § 2. 


" 360 . 






R. L. 160, § 57. 


" 237, § 1 


. Acted on. 


" 362 . 






R. L. 113, ^^ 2. 


" 237, § 2 


. R. L. 82, § 1. 


" 374 . 






R. 1898, 396, § 3. 


" 241 . . 


. R. L. 36, l§ 18, 39. 


" 376, ^ 1 




R. L. Ill, § 223. 


" 243 . 




. Jl. L. 9, j 7. 


" 376, § 2 




R. L. 24, § 11; 111, {224. 


" 245 . 




. R. L. 20, §6; 160, ^0- 


" 376, § 3 




R. L. Ill, § 18. 


" 247 . 




. R. L. 163, §§ 150, 162-165. 


" 376, I 4 




R. L. Ill, § 10. 


" 253 . 




. R. L. 16, § 117. 


" 379 . . 




R. L. 28, § 16. 


" 254, §§ 1- 


3 . R. L. 53, § 14 ; 208, § 9. 


" 381 . 






R. L. 157, § 25. 


" 254, §§ 4-< 


3 . R. L. 32, §§ 17, 20-23. 


" 382 . 






R. L. 168, I 20. 


" 254, § 9 


. R. L. 208, \ 9. 


" 383 . 






R. L. 164, I 27. 


" 254, § 10 


. R. L. 32, § 24. 


" 385 . 






R. L. 211, § 12. 


" 254, ^§n, 


12, R. L. 25, § 17 ; 32, § 25. 


" 386 . 






R. L. 175, § 70. 


" 256. . 


. S. 1901, 211. 


'' 387 . 






R. 1897, 529. 


" 257. . 


. R. L. 21, § 3. 


" 389 . 






R. L. 98, § 15. 


" 260, s^ 1 


. Special. 


" 390 . 






R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 260, ^^ 2 


. R. L. 160, ^^ 67. 


" 391 . 






R. L. 16, i^ 24. 


" 262 . . 


. R. L. 113, 1 26, cl. 4, b. 


" 392 . 






R. L. 96, § 3. 


" 263 . . 


. R. L. 160, ^^ 67. 


" 397, § 1 




R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 264 . . 


. R. L. Ill, §§ 143, 149, 151- 


" 397, § 2 




T. 




153. 


" 398, 1 I 




R. L. 100, §§ 10, 18, 19, 30. 


" 266, § 1 


. R. L. 217, §^ 81, 92. 


" 398, l§ 2, 


3 


R. L. 100, l§ 31, 32. 


" 266, § 2 


. R. L. 217, § 84. 


" 398, § 4 




R. L. 100, I 27. 


" 266, § 3 


. R. L. 217, §s^ 81, 95. 


" 398, I 5 




R. L. 100, § 63. 


" 269 . . 


. R. L. 112, ^^^^ 86-88. 


" 398, § 6 . 




R. L. 100, { 54. 


" 271. . 


. R. L. 100, §1 49-52, except 


" 399 . . . 




R. 1898, 525, § 8. 


" 271, ^^ 5 


. S. 1897, 487, s^ 1. 


" 400 . 






R. L. 150, § 29. 


" 272. . 


. R. L. 225, § 129. 


" 401 . 






R. L. 160, § 2. 


" 273 . . 


. R. L. 66, § 9. 


" 402 . 






R. L. 163, \ 35 ; 173, ^ 4. 


" 274. . 


. R. L. 49, §§ 15, 21-23. 


" 403 . 






R. 1900, 400, § 1. 


" 287, § 1 


. S. 1898, 548, ^<; 321. 


" 404 . . 






R. L. 167, ^ 124. 


" 287, ^ 2 


. R. L. 11, § 426. 


" 409 . 






R. L. 208, § 32. 


" 288, 1 1 


. R. L. 91, §§ 3, 4, 77, 91, 127. 


" 412, § 1 . 




R. L. 225, § 47. 


" 288, I 2 


. T. 


'• 412, I 2 . 




S. 1897, 480. 


" 292 . . 


. R. L. 198, ^ 28. 


" 412, §§ 3-1 


) 


R. L. 225, §§ 43, 49, 52. 


" 294, § 1 


. R. L. 220, § 20. 


" 416 . . . 




S. 1898, 565. 


" 294, I 2 


. R. L. 225, § 115. 


" 418. 






S. 1898, 433, § 16. 


" 296 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, ^ 418. 


«' 419 . 






R. L. 26, §§ 25-27. 


" 299 . . 


. S. 1899, 379. 


«' 422 . 






R. L. 160, § 67. 


'< 300, ^^^1,^ 


, 4, Special. 


" 423 . 






R. L. 126, l§ 18, 19. 


" 300, § 3 


. R. L. 102, { 69. 


" 424, § 1 




R. L. 151, 11 24, 42. 


" 303 . 




. R. L. 163, ^^ 122, 123. 


" 424, § 2 






R. L. 151, § 33. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



xlix 



1897, c. 424, § 3 


. . K. L. 151, § 36. 


1897, c. 508, ^^^^ 1, 


3 . R. L. 165, ^§ 39, 40. 


•• 424, § 4 


. . R. L. 151, § 22. 


" 508, § 2 


. S. 1898, 384. 


" 424, § 5 


. , R. L. 151, § 32. 


" 510 . . 


. R. L. 75, ^§ 4, 112-123, except 


" 427. . 


. . R. L. 163, § 97. 


" 510, ^^ 8 


. Acted on. 


" 428, § 1 


. . S. 1899, 330. 


" 515, §§ 1- 


S . R. L. 176, §§ 4-9. 


" 428, ^<i 2 


. . R. L. 75, §i^ 12, 99, 100, 108; 


" 515, § 7 


. R. L. 176, §§ 11, 17, 18, 20, 21, 




102, § 72. 




23, 24. 


" 430 . . 


. , R. L. 107, § 1. 


" 515, §^ 8, 


9 . R. L. 176, §§ 25, 26. 


" 431. . 


. . S. 1898, 488. 


" 615, § 11 


. T. 


" 434 . . 


. . R. L. 225, §§ 29, 43, 44, 50-52, 


" 517 . . 


. . R. L. 62, § 6. 




54, 58. 


" 522, § 1 


. S. 1898, 457. 


" 437. . 


. . R. L. 78, ^ 38-44. 


" 522, l§ 2- 


5 . R. L. 182, §§ 7-10. 


" 438, § 1 


. . R. L. 16, f§ 26, 37, 78. 


" 524 . . 


. S. 1898, 339. 


" 438, § 2 


. T. 


" 525 . 




. R. L. 173, §§ 92-94. 


" 439 . . 


. R. L. 35. 


" 529 , 




. Acted on. 


" 441 . . 


. R. L. 79, §§ 2, 3, 18, 20. In 


" 530 . 




. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 




part special. 


1897, Res. c. 9;: 




. R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 443 . . 


. R. L. 62, §^ 6, 1.3-17, 25-37, 


1898, c. 45 . 




. R. L. 26, § 23. 




except 


53. 




. R. L. 118, § 13. 


" 443, § 1 


. S. 1897, 517. 


54. 




. R. L. 118, § 0. 


" 444 . . 


. R. L. 29, except 


56 . 




. T. 


" 444, § 19 


. S. 1901, 167. 


64. 




. R. L. 110, § 52. 


" 447. . 


. R. L. 144; 149, ^ 1, cl. 4. 


65, ^S 1 


. R. L. 147, § 20. Omitted in 


" 448, § 1 


. S. 1898, 359. 




part. 


" 448, § 2 


. R. L. 16, § 12. 


65, § 2 


. R. L. 150, § 24. 


" 448, § 3 


. R. L. 16, § 35. 


67. . 


. R. L. 35, § 3. 


" 448, § 4 


. S. 1898, 84, § 1. 


69. 




. R. L. 1,36, ^^ 7, 8. 


^' 448, § 5 


. R. L. 16, § 78. 


76. 




. R. L. 6, §§ 46-48. 


" 448, § 6 


. R. L. 16, I 66. 


83. 




. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


•' 448, §§ 7, 


9 . R. L. 16, l§ 76, 77. 


84. 




. R. L. 16, §§ 78, 79. 


'• 448, § 8 


. S. 1899, 381, § 7. 


" 104 . 




. R. L. 4, § 6. 


" 448,^^10, 


11, R. L. 16, §§ 83, 84. 


" 117. 




. R. L. 164, § 29. 


'^ 448, § 12 


. R. L. 16, I 94. 


" 121 . 




. R. L. -52, § 10. 


" 448, § 13 


. R. L. 16, § 152; S. in part. 


" 124. 




. R. L. 92, § 11. 




1898, 348, § 4. 


" 125 . 




. R. L. 25, l§ 20, 21. 


'^ 448, § 14 


. R. L. 16, § 158. 


" 131 . 




. R. L. 164, I 9. 


" 448, §§ 15, 


16, R. L. 16, §§ 62, 63. 


" 134 . 




. R. L. 48, § 97 ; 49, § 2. 


" 452 . . 


. S. 1900, 414. 


" 138 . 




. R. L. 145, § 5. 


'^ 454 . 




. R. L. 23, ^S 18. 


" 146 . 




. R. L. 164, § 33. 


" 460 . 




. R. L. 167, § 110. 


" 148 . 




. R. L. 113, I 26, els. 9, 10. 


'' 461 . 




. R. L. 161, § 3. 


" 150 . 




. R. L. 106, l§ 56-58. 


" 462 . 




. R. L. 148, § 12. 


" 155 . 




. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 463 . 




. R. L. 134, I 12. 


" 157 . 




. R. L. 82, § 14. 


" 466 ; 




. R. L. 168, §^ 7, 14, 16, 78. 


" 160 . 




. R. L. 32, I 7. 


" 472 . 




. R. L. 1.58, §3; 173, § 112. 


" 162 . 




. R. L. 32, I 37. 


" 474, § 1 


. R. L. 87, § 61. 


" 163 . 




. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 474, I 2 


. S. 1899, 325, § 2. 


" 165 . 




. R. L. 32, § 43. 


" 475 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 167 . 




. R. L. 105, § 3. 


'• 478, § 1 


. R. L. 165, §^ 83, 85. 


" 168 . 




. R. L. 213, § 10. 


'^ 478, I 2 


. R. L. 165, l^ 84, 88. 


" 169 . 




. R. L. 91, § 126. 


" 480 . . 


. R. L. 225, § 48. 


" 171 . 




. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


- '' 482 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


•' 175 . 




. R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 486 . . . 


. Special, except 


" 178 . 




. Acted on. 


'•• 486, § 5 


. R. L. 96, § 12. 


" 181 . 




. R. L. 92, § 17. 


" 487. . 


. R. L. 100, §§ 53, 72. 


" 183 . 




. R. L. 16, I 151. 


" 490, § 1 


. R. L. 158, Ih. 6. T. in part. 


" 184 . 




. R.L. 113, ^26, cl. 3, a, b; 118, 


" 499, § 2 . 


. Acted on. 




^1 34, cl. 5. 


" 490, ^ 3 , 


. R. L. 157, ^28; 219, ^^22. 


" 187. . 


. R. L. 17, § 5. 


" 490, §^^ 4-( 


) . R. L. 157, §^ 29-31. 


" 190, § 1 . 


. R. L. 25, § 23. 


" 490, §7 . 


. R. L. 218, f 1. 


" 190, § 2 


. Confirmatory. 


" 490, I 8 


. T. 


" 191 . . 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


" 491 . . 


. 11. L. 106, § 71. 


" 192 . 




. R. L. 213, § 2. 


" 492, § 1 


. R. L. 110, § 52. 


" 193 . 




. R. L. 213, ^^ 9. 


" 492, I 2 


. S. 1898, 64. 


" 195 . 




. R. 1900, 379, § 6. 


" 496, ^<1 1 


. R. L. 36, § 22. 


" 196 . 




. S. 1899, 156. 


" 496, § 2 


. R. L. 36, § 26. 


'« 199 . 




. R. L. 162, § 60. 


" 496, § 3 


. R. L. 36, I 43. 


" 200 . 




. R. L. Ill, § 153. 


" 496, l§ 4-( 


5 . Omitted. 


" 201 . 




. R. L. 162, § 60. 


" 496, I 7 


. R. L. 123, § 3. 


" 204, § 1 . 


. R. L. 160, ^^^48, 54; 161, ^^ 54; 


" 496, ^ 8 


. R. L. 124, \ 19. 




204, § 18. 


" 498. . 


. R. L. 42, § 30. 


" 204, § 2 


. R. L. 24, § 13. 


" 499. . 


. R. 1899, 408, § 47. 


" 204, § 3 


. R. L. 204, § 2. 


" 503 , . 


. R. 1898, 76, § 4. 


" 204, § 4 


. R. L. 221, § 4. 


" 505 . 




. R. L. 38, § 4. 


'• 205 . 




. S. 1899, 360. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1898, c. 



206. . . 


. T. 


208. . . 


. R. L. 26, ^^ 12. 


213, §§ 1, 4 


. S. 1899, 211, j§ 3, 4. 


213, §s^ 2, 3 


. R. L. 87, iS^ 69, 70. 


213, f 5 . 


. R. L. 87, § 72. 


213, s^ 6 . 


. Acted on. 


214." . . 


. Acted on. 


216 . . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


217, §^^ 1, - 


. R. 1898, 548, § 418. 


217, § 3 . 


. R. L. 20, § 34. 


218 . . . 


. R. 1901, 259. 


219 . . . 


. R. L. 108, § 3. 


230 . . . 


. R. L. 66, ^^ 7. 


234 . . . 


. R. L. 164, §§ 17, 27. 


235 . . . 


. R. L. 7, § 13. 


238 . . . 


. S. 1899, 350. 


240 . . . 


. S. 1898, 371. 


247, i 1 . 


. R. L. 114, § 7. 


247, § 2 . 


. S. 1900, 214. 


247, § 3 . 


. R. L. 114, § 10. 


250 . . . 


. R. L. 160, § 2. 


254 . . . 


. R. L. 160, §§ 64, 67. 


256 . . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


259 . . . 


. R. L. 225, I 56. 


261 . . . 


. R. L. 105, § 1; 108, §§ 1, 5. 


264 . . . 


. R. L. 20, ^ 25. 


265 . . . 


. R. L. 18, ^ 4. 


266 . . . 


. R. L. 110, ^^ 58. 


267. . . 


. R. L. 32, § 81. 


277. . . 


. R. L. 225, § 56. 


280 . . . 


. R. L. 164, I 27. 


286 . . . 


. R. L. 160, I 67. 


287. . . 


. Special, except 


287, § 2 . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


294 . . . 


. R. L. 21, § 2. 


299. . . 


. R. L. 1, H; S. in part, 1901, 




469. 


307 . . . 


. R. L. 225, § 28. 


312 . . . 


. R. L. 165, ^ 40. 


315 . . . 


. R. 1898, 496, ^^ 36. 


316 . . . 


. R. L. 20, § 14. 


317 . . . 


. R. L. 21, ^^S 1, 27, 28. 


318 . . . 


. R. L. 24, §§ 1-3. 


320 . . . 


. R. L. 9, § 7. 


322 . . . 


. R. L. 21, § 2. 


323 . . . 


. R. L. 21, § 2. 


324 . . . 


. R. L. 23, § 18. 


326 . . . 


. R. L. 220, §§ 37-40, 44, 45, 




except 


326, § 2 


. S. 1901, 520. 


326, ^ 8 


. Declaratory. 


326, § 9 


. T. 


328 . . 


. R. L. 112, § 55. 


330. . 


. R. L. 21, § 2. 


331 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


332 . . 


. R. L. 164, § 29. 


333. . 


. R. L. 22, § 32. 


334, §^ 1- 


i . R. L. 225; §§ 45, 54, 55. 


334, § 6 


. T. 


336 . . 


. R. L. 109, § 12. 


339 . . 


. R. L. 92, § 8. 


348, §§ 1, 


2 . R. L. 16, §§ 129, 136. 


348, §§ 3, 


4 . R. L. 16, 11 150, 152. 


348, § 5 


. . S. 1900, 188, § 2. 


350 . . 


. . T. 


351 . . 


. . R. L. 48, ^S 86. 


353. . 


. . R. L. 12, ^^ 9. 


354. . 


. . R. L. 81, § 20. 


355 . . 


. . R. L. 157, § 24. 


356 . . 


. . S. 1900, 189. 


358 . . 


. . R. L. 160, § 67. 


359 . . 


. . R. L. 16, § 12, except 


359, § 5 


. . T. 


361 . . 


. . R. L. 100, ^ 45. 



1898, c. 362 . 
" 365 . 
" 366 . 
" 367 . 



§3 



369 . . 

370 . . 

371 . . 
372. . 
374. . 
376 . . 

378. . 

379. . 

380. § 1 
380, § 2 

381 . . 

382 . . 
384 . . 
388 . . 
389 
389 
389 
391 

393 . . 

394 . . 

396 . . 

397 . . 
401 . . 
402. . 
404. . 
407 . . 
411 . . 
414 . . 

416. . 

417. . 
420 . . 
423 . . 
425, ^S^ 1. 
425, §i 3-5 
425, fG 



428. 

429. 

432. 

433, §^ 1-8 . 

433, ^ 9, 10, 

13 . 
433, § 11 

433, § 12 
433, § 14 
433, I 15 
433, § 16 
433, § 17 
433, § 18 
433, I 19 
433, I 20 
433, § 21 
433, ^ 22 
433, § 23 
433, § 24 

433, § 25 
433, ^ 26 
433, § 27 
433, § 28 

433, § 29 
435 . . 
43() . . 
437 . . 
43S . . 
443 . . 



R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 225, §§ 59-62. 

R. L. 18, §5. 

R. L. 18, § 14; 20, § 26; 25, 

^ 99 ; 26, § 22. 
S. 1899, 154. 
R. L. 12, ^ 5, d. 13. 
R. L. 225, ^S^S 115, 127, 128. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 175, §n. 
R. L. 165, I 35. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. L. 118, § 56. 
S. 1901, 59. 
R. L. 161, § 4. 
R. L. 160, f 67. 
R. L. 165, ^S 41. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
Special. 

R. 1899, 256, § 3. 
R. L. 29, § 29. 
R. L. 85, § 15. 
R. L. 225, §§ 63-68, 96. 
R. L. 106, ^ 45. 
R. L. 81, §§ 3, 4. 
R. L. 168, ij 4. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
T. 

R. L. 112, §§ 65-68. 
R. L. 16, §§ 23, 30. 
R. L. 217, l§ 56, 59, 60. 
S. 1899, 301. 
R. L. 153, § 10. 
R. L. 14, §§ 37-44, 54-68. 
R. L. 167, ^S^ 126, 127. 
R. 1898. 548, § 418. 
R. L. 80, ^^^^ 1, 6. 
R. L. 81, §§ 10, 11, 21. 
R. L. 81, § 44; 84, ^ 15 ; S. in 

part, 1898, 433, ^ 24. 
T. 

S. 1900, 384. 

R. L. 21, § 36; 25, § 101. 
R. L. 87, U 1-5, 28, 36. 

R. L. 87, §^ 6-8. 

R. L. 87, § 87; S. in part, 1900, 

451, § 8. 
R. L. 87, ^ 90. 
R. L. 87, §§ 9, 51. 
R. L. 87, § 84. 
R. L. 87, § 58. 
R. L. 87, § 38. 
R. L. 87, § 10. 
R. L. 87, § 37. 
R. L. 87, § 11. 
R. L. 87, I 92. 
R. L. 87, § 12. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 84, H; 225, § 101. Acted 

on. 
T. 

R. L. 87, § 122. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 225, § 101; S. in part, 

1900, 129. Acted on. 
T. 

R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
R. L. 7, ^ 8. 
R. L. 78, ^ 6, 9, 37-39. 
R. L. 87, '§ 53. 
R. L. 85, ,J^^ 37-39; 225, 

§§ 113, 120. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1898, c. 444 

" 451 



453 

454 

455 

457 

458 

459, 

460, 

465 , 

466, § 1 



466, §§ 2-4 

466, I 5 . 

466, ^S^ 6-8 

466, I 9 

472 

474 

476 

477 

478 

478, 

479 

480 

481 

483 

485 

486, 

487, 

488, 

489, 

490, 

493 , 

494, 

496, § 1 

496, ^<i^ 2, 

496, § 3 

496, §§ 7- 

31 . 
496, § 13 
496, §§ 14. 

18-21 
496, § 16 
496, § 17 
496, f § 22-30, 

32-34 

496. § 35 
497 . . 

497. § 3 

498. . 

499. . 

500. . 

502. . 

503, § 1 

503, § 2 

504. . 
505 . . 
507, § 1 
507, ^s 2 
507, § 3 

510. . 

511, § 1 
511, § 2 
511, \ 3 
514 . . 
515 . . 

518 . . 

519 . . 

520 . . 

521 . . 

525 . . 
526. . 



4-6, 
12, 

15, 



R. L. 212, §§ 2, 4. 

R. 1899, 408, § 47. 

R. L. 35, § 13. 

R. L. 19, § 25. 

Special. 

S. 1899, 444. 

R. L. 149, § 7. 

R. L. 89, § 4. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 163, § 106. 

R. L. 42, § 43; S. in part, 

1900, 248, § 2. 
R. L. 42, §§ 43-16. 
R. L. 42, § 39. 
R. L. 42, §§ 47, 48. 
S. 1900, 248, § 2. 
R. 1898, 548, § 418. 
S. 1899, 442. 
R. L. 47, § 5. 
R. L. 21, § 46; S. in part, 

1900, 137. 
Special, except 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 77. 
R. L. 196, § 41. 
S. 1899, 247. 
R. L. 83, § 15. 
R. L. 71, § 6. 
R. L. 108, § 36. 
R. L. 152, ^^ 8, 9. 
R. L. 160, ^39; 177, §§ 2, 3. 
R. L. 177, \ 14. 
R. L. 25, § 100. 
Special. 

R. L. 106, §§ 28-35. 
S. 1900, 218. 

R. L. 42, §§ 2, 9, 11, 12, 27. 
R. L. 25, § 15 ; 42, § 3. 

R. L. 44. 
R. L. 39, § 6. 

R. L. 43. 
S. 1901, 289. 
S. 1900, 175. 

R. L. 46. 

S. 1898, 580, ^2; 1900,397. 

Special, except 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 96, § 18. 

R. L. 121, ^§ 1, 2. 

R. L. 208, § 115. 

R. L. 109, § 56. 

R. L. 110, § 57. 

R. L. 109, § 18. 

R. L. 125, § 9. 

R. L. 106, § 69. 

R. L. 12, § 44. 

R. L. 12, \§ 58, 59. 

R. L. 14, ^S^^ 2, 5. 

R. 1899, 354, § 6. 

R. L. 217, ^ 81, 83, 84. 

R. L. 217, §§ 92, 93. 

R. L. 217, § 91. 

R. L. 134, I 16. 

R. L. 102, § 44. 

R. L. 165, I 35. 

R. L. 2, § 2. 

T. 

R. L. 6, § 14; S. in part, 1899, 

151. 
T. and special. 
R. L. 27, § 10. 



1898, c. 527, i^ 1 

" 527, i^ 2 

" 528 . . 

" 533 . . 

" 533, ^ 85 

" 535 . . 

" 537 . . 



538. 
539. 
544. 
544, 
545 . 
548. 



1898, 
1899, 



549, 
549, 
555 . 
559, 
561, 

9 , 
561, 
561, 
562 . 
562, 
562, 

15 

33 
562, 
562, 

27 
562, 
562, 
562, 
562, 
565 . 
567 . 
570, 

571 , 

572 , 
574, 
574, 
576, 
577, 
577, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
578, 
580, 
580, 

Res. c. 
c. 54. 

75. 

81 . 

85. 

90. 

91 . 



^3 



H 



§§l,2. 



S. 1901, 125. 

R. L. 145, § 41. 

S. 1900, 474. 

R. L. 73, §§ 18-212, except 

R. L. 73, § 102; S. in part, 

1899, 130. 
R. L. 175, ^ 66. 
R. L. 14, §31; 118, §§ 20, 78, 

84. 
R. L. Ill, § 155. 
T. 

Special, except 
R. L. 208, § 108. 
R. L. 198, § 13. 
As amended, R. L. 11, ^§ 1- 

421 ; 100, § 17. 
R. L. 168, §^ 68, 80-86, except 
S. 1899, 445, § 1. 
S. 1901, 246. 
R. L. 168, §§ 68, 71, 72. 



H 3- 

§n 



§i 2, 14, 
, 20, 24, 
, 39, 57 . 
§3 . . 
§§ 13, 19, 
, 32, 58 . 
§ 102 . 
I 111 . 
\ 112 . 
§§113,114, 



R. 1899, 374, § 9. 

R. L. 79, § 3. 

R. L. 128, except 

Omitted as superfluous. 



S. 1899, 131. 

S. in part, 1900, 3.54, § 1. 



§1 . . 

§2 . . 

§§ 1-10 . 

§11 . . 

§1 . . 

§2 . . 

§3 . . 

§§ 4, 5 . 

§§ 6-10 . 

§11 . . 

§ 12 . . 

§ 13 . . 

§ 14 . . 
§§ 15-17, 

§ 18 . . 
§§ 19-21, 

§22 . . 

§ 23 . . 

§24 . . 

§25. . 

§ 26 . . 

§27. . 

§28. . 

§1 . . 

§2 . . 

66 . . 



S. 1900, 354. 

S. 1899, 125. 

R. L. 208, § 25. 

R. L. 210, § 1. 

R. L. 209, §§ 1, 2. 

R. L. 171, § 2. 

R. L. 113, §§ 21-24. 

T. 

R. L. 118, § 57. 

R. L. 96, § 1. 

R. L. 17, §§ 5, 7. 

R. L. 18, § 9. 

R. L. 214, § 29. 

R. L. 102, §§ 57-66. 

R. L. 102, §§ 46, 67. 

R. L. Ill, § 1; 112, § 1. 

R. L. 14, § 37. 

R. L. 14, § 41. 

R. L. 14, §§ 61, 62. 

R. L. 14, §§ 43-47. 

R. L. 112, § 44. 

R. L. 112, § 41. 

R. L. 112, § 7. 

R. L. 112, § 11. 

R. L. 112, §§ 30-32. 

R. L. 112, § 71. 

R. L. 112, §§ 33-35. 

R. L. 112, § 21. 

R. 1901, 180. 

R. L. 112, § 61. 

R. L. 112, §§ 98, 100. 

R. L. 14, § 61. 

R. L. 112, § 8. 

R. L. 112, § 1. 

R. L. 46, § 8. 

S. 1900, 397. 

R. L. 87, § 114. 

R. L. 6, § 35. 

T. 

R. L. 142, § 8. 

R. L. 48, § 105. 

R, L. 150, § 25. 

R. L. 204, § 6. 



lii 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1899, c. 100 . . . . R. L. 3, ^^ 12. 

" 103 ... . R. L. 91, § 9. 

" 107 ... • R. L. 91, I 20. 

" 108 ... . R. L. 21, § 22. 

" 110 ... . •'. L. 160, § 69. 

" 111 ... . \^.''1900, 187. 

« 115 ... . R. L. 107, s^ 1. 

" 116 ... . R. L. 92, § 1. 

" 120 . . . . R. L. 181, § 1. 

" 123 .... R. L. 175, l^ 43, 69. 

" 125 ... . R. L. 128, § 101. 

" 129 ... . S. 1899, 170. 

" 130 ... . R. L. 73, § 102. 

" 131, § 1 . . R. L. 128, § 1; S. in part, 

1900, 354, ^^ 1. 

" 131, §§ 2-8 . R. L. 128, §§ 13, 14, 19, 23, 32, 

38, 56. 

" 139 ... . R. L. 104, §^^ 4-8. 

" 140 ... . R. L. 157, I 24. 

" 143 . . . . R. L. 75, § 141. 

" 146 ... . R. L. 11, ^^ 140. 

" 147 ... . R. L. 146, §§ 4, 9. 

" 148 ... . R. L. 11, § 60. 

" 151 ... . R. L. 6, ^ 14. 

" 153 ... . R. L. 21, ^^ 3. 

'• 154 ... . R. L. 160, § 67. 

" 156 ... . R. L. 87, § 81 ; S. in part, 

1900, 333. 

" 158 ... . R. L. 86, ^^ 46. 

" 164 ... . R. L. 109, ^^ 9. 

" 166 ... . R. L. 217, § 2. 

" 169 ... . R. L. 56, § 63. 

" 170 ... . R. L. 26, § 7. 

" 171 ... . R. L. 25, I 15. 

" 178, § 1 . . R. L. 5, ^^ 8. 

" 178, §2 . . R. L. 145, § 3. 

" 178, ^Z . . R. L. 161, \ 2. 

" 178, H • • 1^- L. 163, I 41. 

" 178, §^^ 5, 6 . R. L. 194, §§ 2, 13. 

" 178, §§ 7, 8 . R. L. 210, §§ 33, 34. 

" 178, ^9 . . R. L. 17, § 5. 

" 184 ... . R. L. 75, I 70. 

" 190. .. . . R. L. 11, § 124. 

" 191 ... . R. L. 164, ^^^ 17, 27, 28. 

" 192 ... . R. L. 10, § 27. 

" 193 ... . R. L. 86, § 49 ; S. in part, 

1900, 333. 

" 196, n • • R- L- 208, § 81. 

" 196, §§ 2-4 . R. L. 108, § 10. 

" 197 ... . R. L. 151, I 20. 

" 198 ... . R. L. 87, § 57. 

<'• 199 . . . . R. L. 110, §§ 5, 31. 

" 201 ... . R. L. 46, § 9. 

" 203 ... . R. L. 225, § 21. 

" 204, § 1 . . Special. 

" 204, §2 . . R. L. 160, § 67. 

« 207 ... . R. L. 24, § 12. 

" 209 ... . S. 1901, 89. 

" 211, §^ 1, 3 . R. L. 87, §§ 66-68. 

" 211, §§ 4, 5 . R. L. 87, U 71, 73. 

" 215 ... . R. L. 113, § 26, cl. 4, f. 

" 217 ... . R. L. 160, § 67. 

" 218 ... . R. L. 204, I 16. 

" 220 . . . . R. L. 11, § 196; S. in part, 

1900, 231. 

« 223 ... . R. L. 56, ^ 56. 

" 226 ... . R. L. 225, § 124. 

" 229, §§ 1-3 . T. and acted on. 

" 229, §§ 1, 5 . R. L. 118, § 11, cl. 4, $ 65. 

" 229, §^ 6, 7 . Acted on. 

" 234 ... . R. L. 160, § 67. 

" 235 ... . R. L. 64, § 1. 

" 238 ... . R. L. 212, § 88. 

" 242 . . . . R. L. 102, § 95. 



1899, c. 243 . . . 

" 24,5, §§ 1, 4 

" 245, §§ 2, 3 

" 246 . " . 

" 247 . . 

" 248 . . 

" 252 . . 

" 253 . . 

" 254 . . 

" 255 . . 

" 256, § 1 

" 256, i^ 2 

" 259 . . 

" 260 . . 

" 261 . . 

" 262 . . 

" 263, § 1 

" 263, § 2 

" 263, § 3 

" 264 . . 

" 266, ^^ 1 

" 266, ^^ 2 

" 266, § 3 

<' 269 . . 

" 271 . . 

" 276 . . 

" 278 . . 

" 284 . . 

" 286 . . 

" 297 . . 

" 299 . . 

" 301 . . 

" 302, § 1 

" 302, § 2 

" 308 . . 

" 309 . . 

<' 310 . . 

" 311 . . 

" 313 . . 

" 314 . . 

" 315 . . 

" 316 . . 

" 319 . . 

" 319, § 2 

" 320 . . 

" 323 . . 

" 325 . . 

" 326 . . 

" 329, ^S^ 1- 

" 329, §§ 4-6 

" 330, § 1 

" 330, § 2 

" .330, § 3 

" 330, § 4 

" 330, §§ 5-8 

" 333 . . 

" 336 . . 

" 337 . . 

" 339 . . 

" 340 . . 

" 341 . . 

" 344, § 1 

" 344, ^^ 2 

" 345 . . 

" 346, §§\, 

" 346, ^^'2 

" 348 . . 

" 350 . . 

«' 352 . . 

" .353 . . 

" 354 . . 

" 357 • . 



R. L. 225, § 112. 

R. L. 223, §^ 3, 4. 

R. L. 223, l§ 11, 19. 

R. L. 42, § 15. 

R. L. 106, §§ 62, 63. 

R. 1899, 462, § 4. 

R. L. Ill, § 262. 

R. L. 28, § 1. 

S. 1901, 153. 

R. L. 160, § 2. 

R. L. 26, § 4. 

R. L. 25, § 28. 

S. 1901, 179. 

R. L. 65, §§ 15, 16. 

R. L. 102, ^ 68. 

R. L. 82, § 5. 

R. L. 225, § 94. 

R. L. 225, §§ 104, 122. 

R. L. 225, §§ 105, 106. 

R. L. 164, \ 27. 

R. L. 87, §§ 59, 65. 

R. L. 87, I 62. 

R. L. 87, § 96. 

R. L. 113, § 26, cl. 4, c, d, e. 

R. L. 157, § 24. 

R. L. 83, § 17. 

R. L. 149, § 18. 

R. L. 153, §§ 19, 20. 

R. L. Ill, I 169. 

R. L. 160, ^ 67. 

R. L. 125, §^ 20-22. 

R. L. 137, § 11. 

R. L. 16, § 78. 

T. 

R. L. 75, § 114. In part spe- 
cial. 

R. L. 9, § 7 ; S. in part, 1901, 
364. 

R. L. 158, §§ 10, 11. 

R. L. 137, \ 12. 

R. L. 160, §§ 55, 57. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 208, §^ 26, 28. 

R. L. 49, §§ 31, 33, 34, except 

S. 1900, 112. 

R. L. 122, ^ 17. 

R. L. 11, ^^ 225. 

R. L. 87, §§ 60, 96. 

R. L. 104, § 52. 

R. L. 11, ^ 84, 96, 98. 

R. L. 11, ^§ 126, 133, 182. 

R. L. 11, ^ 334; 53, § 12. 

R. L. 25, § 15; 53, § 12. 

R. L. 53, ^ 13. 

R. L. 25, I 16. 

R. L. 208, §§ 102, 104. 

R. L. 204, §\ 2-6. 

R. L. 9, § 2. 

R. L. 122, §§ 16-18. 

R. L. 160, I 67. 

R. L. 56, § 48. 

R. 1899, 462, § 4. 

R. L. 106, § 20. 

S. 1900, 357. 

R. L. 164, ^§ 5-7. 
i . R. L. 11, ^S^ 81, 102. 

S. 1901, 117. 

R. L. 116, §§l, 18-22, 24, 37 

R. L. 165, § 38. 

R. L. 173, I 38. 

R. L. 160, ^ 67. 

R. L. 35, ^ 7-10. 

R. L. 165, ^ 19; 173, ^ 96. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



liii 



1899, c. 358 


, 


. . 


" 359 


, §§1,2 . 


" 359 


,§§3-5 . 


" 359 


,§6 . . 


" 359 


§7 . . 


" 359 


§8 . . 


" 360 




" 361 




" 364 


■§i .' .' 


" 364 


§2 . . 


" 365 




" 368 


. 


" 368 


§4 . . 


" 372 


§1 . . 


" 372, 


§2 . . 


" 372 


§§3-« . 


" 372, 


§7 . . 


" 372 


§8 . . 


" 372, 


§§ 9-12 . 


" 372, 


§ 13 . . 


" 373 




" 374, 


'§§'i,'ioi 


" 374, 


§2 . . 


" 374, 


§3 . . 


" 374, 


§4 . . 


" 374, 


§§5,6 . 


" 374, 


§§ 7, 8 . 


" 374, 


§9 . . 


" 376 




" 377 




" 379, 


■§i : : 


" 379, 


§§2-4 . 


" 381 




" 383 




" 387, 


'§§*l-3 ! 


" 387, 


§4 . . 


" 389 




" 391 


• • • 


" 394, 


§§ 1, 2 . 


" 394, 


§§ 3, 4 . 


" 408 




" 408, 


§3 




" 408, 


§8 




" 408, 


§ 16 




" 408, 


§ 20 




" 408, 


^^§37, 


46, 


" 408, 


§45 




" 409, 


i^jl, 


2 . 


" 409, 


§§3- 


3 . 


«' 409, 


§§6- 


i . 


" 409, 


§9 




" 409, 


§ 10 




" 409, 


§11 




" 409, 


§12 




" 409, 


§ 13 




" 409, 


§14 




" 409, 


§ 15 




" 409, 


§ 16 




" 409, 


§§ 17- 


21, 


" 409, 


§22. 




" 409, 


§ 23 . 




" 409, 


§ 24 . 




" 409, 


§§ 25- 


28, 


" 412 . 






" 413 . 






" 417 . 






" 422 . 


. 




" 423 . 






" 425, 


§i .' 




" 425, 


§2 . 




" 436 . 






" 442. 


, 





R. L. 208, § 79. 

R. L. 72, §§ 7, 8. 

R. L. 72, §§ 10, 11, 13. 

R. L. 72, § 14. 

T. 

R. L. 217, §§ 1, 7. 

R. L. 91, § 137; 92, § 20; S. 
in part, 1900, 428, § 2. 

R. L. 11, §§ 15, 20. 

R. L. 118, § 61. 

T. 

R. 1901, 499. 

R. L. 102, §§ 78-86, except 

S. 1900, 201. 

R. L. 79, §§ 1, 2, 3, 9. 

R. L. 79, §§ 3, 9. 

R. L. 79, §§ 9, 10. 

R. L. 79, §§ 11-13. 

R. L. 79, §§ 11, 13-17. 

R. L. 79, §§ 14-16. 

R. L. 79, §§ 2, 3, 9, 11. 

R. L. 159, § 10. 

R. L. 79, §§ 2, 3. 

R. L. 79, §§ 3, 4, 6, 12, 13. 

R. L. 79, § 5. 

R. L. 79, § 13. 

R. L. 79, §§ 1, 7, 8, 15, 17. 

R. L. 79, §§ 14, 16. 

T. and acted on. 

R. L. 192, § 12. 

R. L. 165, §§ 6, 35. 

S. 1900, 437. 

R. L. 25, §§ 47-49. 

R. L. 16, §§ 53-61. 

R. L. 204, § 17. 

R. L. 151, §§ 30, 31. 

R. L. 5, § 9. 

R. L. 210, § 29. 

R. L. 160, §§ 2, 67, except so 
far as special. 

R. L. 13, § 19. 

R. L. 13, § 19 ; 25, § 80. 

R. L. 90, except 

In part, R. L. 9, § 7. 

S. 1901, 2.52. 

R. L. 217, § 1. 

R. L. 56, §§ 70, 71. 

Omitted as superfluous. 

T. 

R. L. 218, § 67. 

R. L. 218, §§ 33-35. 

R. L. 218, §§ 17, 19, 33. 

R. L. 218, §§ 29, 33. 

R. L. 218, §§ 20, 39. 

R. L. 218, § 32. 

R. L. 218, §§ 17, 38. 

R. L. 218, §§ 18, 39. 

R. L. 218, §§ 21, 39. 

R. L. 218, § 22. 

R. L. 218, §§ 23, 39. 

R. L. 218, §§ 24-28. 

R. L. 218, § 36. 

R. L. 218, § 30. 

R. L. 218, §§ 39, 40. 

R. L. 218, §§ 31, 37, 39, 67- 

R. L. 181, §§ 4, 5. 

R. L. 100, § 61. 

R. L. 32, § 77. 

R. L. 76, §§ 10, 14. 

R. L. 164, § 34. 

R. L. 13, §§ 1, 37. 

S. 1900, 290. 

R. L. 208, § 103. 

S. 1901, 275, 422. 



§2 



1899, c. 444 . . 
" 445, § 1 
" 445, § 2 
" 453 . 
" 458 . 
" 459 . 
" 462 . 
" 463 . 
" 465, § 1 
" 465, § 2 
" 467 
" 468 
" 470 
" 471 
" 472 
" 474 
" 479 

1900, c. 64 

92 

" 102 

" 106 

" 112 

" 116 

" 117, § 1 

" 117, 

" 119 

" 120 

" 127 

" 128 

" 129 

" 137 

" 138, § 1 

" 138, § 2 

" 144. 

" 147 . 

" 154 . 

" 157 . 

" 1.59 . 

" 162 . 

" 166 . 

" 168 . 

" 174 . 

. " 175 . 

" 177 . 

" 179 . 

" 180 . 

" 183 . 

" 185 . 

" 187 . 

" 188, §§ I 

" 188, § 4 

"■ 188, § 5 

" 188, § 6 

" 189 . . 

" 191 . . 

" 192 . . 

" 197, §§ 1- 

" 197, § 4 

'< 198 

" 201 

" 209 

" 213 

" 214 

" 215 

" 217 

" 218 

" 219 

" 220 

« 223 

" 225 

" 229 

" 230 

" 231 

« 232 



R. L. 182, § 6. 

S. 1901, 176. 

R. L. 168, § 68. 

R. L. 110, § 76. 

S. 1901, 36^^ 

R. L. 6, • i ,. 

R. L. 100, § 13. 

T. 

S. 1900, 459, § 2. 

R. L. 58, § 5. 

R. L. 116, § 3. 

R. L. 106, § 18. 

R. L. 7, § 13. 

T. 

R. L. 120, § 17. 

R. L. 48, § 87. 

R. 1900, 450, § 11. 

R. L. 92, § 16. 

S. 1900, 183, § 2; 1901, 296, § 1. 

S. 1901, 283. 

R. L. 100, § 22. 

R. L. 49, § 32. 

R. L. 21, § 48. 

R. L. 6, § 59. 

T. 

R. L. 20, § 27. 

R. L. 11, § 85. 

R. L. 37, § 11. 

R. L. 92, § 23. 

R. L. 82, § 2. 

R. L. L'l, § 46. 

Spec-'al. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 164, §§ 17, 27, 29. 

R. L. 150, § 12. 

R. L. Ill, § 226. 

R. L. 65, § 15. 

R. L. 91, §§ 48, 79. 

S. 1901, 274. 

R. L. 42, § 14. 

R. L. 12, § 72. 

T. 

R. L. 43, § 4. 

R. L. 13, § 75. 

R. L. 160, § 66. 

R. L. 164, § 12. 

S. 1901, 296. 

S. 1901, 422, § 18. 

R. L. 43, § 1. 

R. L. 16, §§ 26-28, 30, 31, 65. 

R. L. 16, § 150. 

R. L. 16, § 70. 

R. L. 16, § 65. 

R. L. 79, § 19. 

R. L. 189, § 27. 

R. L. 88, § 1. 

R. L. 112, § 72. 

R. L. 112, § 1. 

Acted on. 

R. L. 102, § 82. 

R. L. 92, § 13. 

R. L. 25, §§ 87, 88. 

R. L. 114, § 26. 

R. L. 84, § 5. 

R. L. 6, § 14. 

R. L. 42, § 1. 

R. L. 39, § 12. 

R. L. 26, § 21. 

R. L. Ill, § 214. 

R. L. 9, § 7. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 91, § 92. 

R. L. 11, §§ 150, 196. 

R. L. 145, § 19. 



liv 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1900, c. 233 . 

" 239 . 

•' 241 . 

'< 245 . 

" 246 . 

" 248 . 

" 249 . 

" 253 . 

" 254 . 

" 256 . 

" 257 . 

" 260 . 

" 261 . 

" 265 . 

" 266 . 

" 267 . 

" 268 . 

" 269 . 



273 . 
279. 

280 . 

281 . 

282 . 
284. 
286. 
290 . 

294 . 

295 . 
297, iS^ 1, 
297, § 2 
298. 
299. 
300. 
307 . 

311 . 

312 . 
317. 
318. 
319 . 
325 . 
326. 
327, § 1 
327, s^ 2 
328 
329 
330 
331 
332 
333 
334 

335, ^N 1 
339 
344 

345, f 1 
345, §§ 2, 3 
345, § 4 
347. . 
350 . . 

352 . . 

353 . . 
354, § 1 
354, §§ 2-6 



357 . 
359. 
359, 
360. 
303 . 

368 . 

369 . 
371 . 
372, 



'§ 1, 2 



R. L. 38, § 15. 

R. L. 106, § 55. 

S. 1901, 441. 

R. L. 11, ^^ 109. 

R. L. 32, § 82. 

R. L. 42, §§ 40, 43. 

R. L. 114, ^S^ 8, 27. 

R. L. 47, §§ 13, 14. 

R. L. 83, ^S^ 26-28. 

R. L. 197, § 1. 

R. L. 116, § 28. 

R. L. 225, ^^^S 18-22. 

R. L. 110, § 1. 

R. L. 160, § 67. 

R. L. 6, ^^ 35. 

R. L. 175, §§ 8, 9. 

R. L. 160, ^^ 67. 

R. L. 225, §§ 29, 43-45, 50-52, 

54. 
R. L. 114, § 25. 
R. L. 217, § 93. 
R. L. 126, §§ 6, 20. 
R. L. 160, § 14. 
•R. L. 106, § 15. 
R. L. 91, ^^ 5. 
R. L. 223, §§ 3, 4, 11, 19. 
R. L. 13, § 1. 
R. L. 76, §§ 26, 28, 29. 
R. L. 23, ^^ 18. 
R. L. 10, § 22. 
T. 

R. L. Ill, § 232. 
R. L.48, § 109. 
R. L. 56, §§ 55, 57. 
R. L. 11, § 292. 
R. L. 173, § 105. 
R. L. 52, § 11. 
R. L. 76, §§ 18, 23. 
R. L. Ill, § 229. 
R. L. 162, I 60. 
S. 1901, 188. 
R. L. 160, ^^ 67. 
S. 1901, 383. 
R. L. 22, ^^ 17. 
R. L. 164, § 27. 
R. L. 165, ^S 35. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 160, ^ 67. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 52, §^ 14, 15. 
R. L. 104, §§ 25, 37. 
S. 1901, 327. 
R. L. 91, § 12. 
S. 1901, 213, 523. 
R. L. 145, §§ 20,21. 
R. L. 149, § 1, cl. 5. 
R. L. 164, § 27. 
R. L. 87, §1 34, 59. 
R. L. 16, I 12. 
R. L. 16, ^^ 12. 
Acted on. 
R. L. 128, §^ 12, 18, 26, 31, 

57. 
R. L. 106, § 20. 
R. L. 72, §§ 19-23, except 
R. L. 208, § 118, in part. 
T. 

R. L. 118, ^^ 11, 75, 76. 
R. L. 89, ^^ 5. 
S. 1901, 360. 
R. L. 15, ^^^^ 12-14. 
R. L. 173, ^^^ 115, 116; 219, 
§ 36. 



1900, c. 372, § 3 . 


. R. L. 204, § 6. 


" 373. . . 


. R. L. 7, §§ 7, 8. 


" 374, iS^ 1, 


3 . R. L. 166, ^ 16, 18. 


" 374, § 2 . 


. Acted on. 


" 376. . . 


. R. L. 13, § 41. 


" 378 . . . 


. S. 1901, 113. 


" 379. . . 


. R. L. 92, §§ 2-4, 6, 12. 


" 381 . . . 


. R. L. 112, §§ 12-14. 


" 383. . . 


. R. L. 5, ^ 2. 


" 384. . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 385, § 1 . 


. R. L. 156, § 26. 


" 385, § 2 . 


. R. L. 157, I 35. 


" 386. . . 


. R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 395 . . . 


. R. L. Ill, § 227. 


" 397 . . . 


. R. L. 83, ^ 36-39. 


" 398 . . . 


. S. 1901, 222. 


" 399 . . . 


. R. L. 12, § 54 ; S. in part, 1901, 




264. 


" 400. . . 


. R. L. 160, §§ 2, 67, except so 




far as special. 


" 404 . . . 


. R. L. 47, § 10. 


" 406 . . . 


. R. L. Ill, § 9. 


" 408 . . . 


. R. L. 164, § 27. 


" 409. . . 


. R. L. 125, § 11 ; 214, § 30. 


" 413. . . 


. Special, except 


" 413, ^^ 5 . 


. R. L. 14, § 62. 


" 414 . . . 


. R. L. 112, ^§ 56-60, except 


" 414, ^<i 2 . 


. T. 


" 418, § 1 . 


. R. L. 165, { 59. 


" 418, i^ 2 . 


. R. L. 173, § 81. 


" 419 . . . 


. R. L. 160, I 67. 


" 425 . . 


. R. L. 224, § 20. 


" 428 . . 


. R. L. 91, § 88. 


" 432, § I 


. R. L. 47, § 16. 


" 432, § 2 


. S. 1901, 433. 


<' 433. . 


. R. L. 160, §§ 63, 65. 


" 437. . 


. R. L. 25, § 47. 


" 440 . . 


. R. L. 98, § 3. 


'• 446 . . 


. R. L. 106, §^ 74, 75. 


" 447 . . 


. R. L. 167, §§ 103, 109. 


" 448 . . 


. R. L. 57, § 44. 


«' 449 . . 


. As affected by 1901, 364, 


" 449, §§ 1, 


2 . R. L. 220, §^l, 2. 


" 449, §§ 3-! 


i . R. L. 217, ^S^ 85-90, 93. 


" 450, \§ 1- 


i . R. L. 140, §§ 1-3. 


" 450, §^S 5, 


6 . R. L. 132, §§ 1, 13. 


" 450, ^ 7, 


8 . R. L. 135, l^ I, 16, 17. 


" 450, I 9 


. R. L. 78, § 29. 


" 450, § 10 


. Acted on. 


" 450, § 12 


. S. 1901, 461. 


" 451 . . 


. R. L. 87, §§ 6, 13-15, 79, 87, 




109. T. in part. 


" 459 . . 


. R. L. 58, §§ 1-7. 


" 463 . . 


. R. L. Ill, § 153. 


" 466 . . 


. Acted on. 


" 469 . . 


. R. L. 106, ^^ 13. 


" 470. . 


. R. L. 106, ^'i 62. 


" 474. . 


. R. L. 47, s^ 1. 


<« 475 . . 


. R. L. 47, §i^ 7-9. 


1901, c. 37 . . 


. R. L. 139, 1 8. 


54 . . 


. . R. L. Ill, § 9. 


58 . . 


. . R. L. 124, ^<i 10. 


59 . . 


. . R. L. 118, § 83. 


61 . . 


. . R. L. 162, I 56 ; 163, § 7. 


70. . 


. . R. L. 157, § 24. 


76 . . 


. . R. L. 25, s^ 15 ; 32, § 59. 


78 . . 


. . R. L. 19, I 37. 


80 . . 


. . R. L. 98, § 3. 


87. . 


. . R. L. 100, ^ 17. 


89 . . 


. . R. L. 11, § 237. 


91 . . 


. . R. L. 100, § 26. 


94 . . 


. . R. L. 120, yS^ 1, 5. 


96 . . 


. . R. L. 125, § 8. 


" 100 . . 


. . R. L. 62, ^ 4. 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



Iv 



1, c. 102 . . 


. R. L. 92, § 9. 


1901, c. 265 . 




'• 103 . . 


. Acted on. 


" 268 . 




" 104 . . 


. R. L. 75, § 4. 






" 106 . . 


. R. L. 225, § 28. 


" 274. . 




" 108 . . 


. R. L. 13, § 40. 


" 275 . 




" 109 . . 


. R. L. 21, § 42. 


" 277 . 




" 110. . 


. R. L. 21, § 48. 


" 281 . 




" 112. . 


. R. L. 39, § 7. 


" 282 . 




" 113 . . 


. R. L. 106, ^ 8, 23. 


" 283 . 




" 114. . 


. R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 286 . 




" 116. . 


. R. L. 11, ^ 213. 


" 287 . 




" 117. . 


. R. L. 11, ^^^ 87, 140. 


" 289 . 




" 120 . . 


. R. L. 102, § 137. 


" 290 . 




" 121 . . . 


. R. L. 91, § 64. 


" 291 . 




" 123. . . 


. R. L. 114, § 6. 


'< 294 . 




" 124. . . 


. R. L. 11, § 148. 


<' 295 . 




" 125. . . 


. R. L. 145, § 40. 


" 296 . 




" 126. . . 


. R. L. 160, |48; 161, §54. 


" 297 . 




" 128 . . . 


. R. L. 225, I 87. 


" 298 . 




" 130 . . 


. R. L. 89, § 4. 


" 299 , 




" 134 . . 


. R. L. 75, § 111. 


" 302 . . 




" 138. . . 


. R. L. 91, l§ 113, 114. 


" 303, §§1,2 


" 141 . . . 


. R. L. 92, I 12. 


« 303, § 3 . 


" 142. . . 


. R. L. 91, § 62. 


" 313 . 




" 149 . . . 


. R. L. 17, §9; 18, §9. 


" 315 . 




" 150. . . 


. R. L. 13, § 1. 


" 321 . 




" 151 . . . 


. R. L. 208, § 60. 


" 322 . 




" 152 . . . 


. R. L. 25, § 13. 


" 327 . 




" 153 . . . 


. R. L. 206, § 5. 


" 329 . 




" 157. . . 


. R. L. 6, § 14. 


" 332 . 




" 162. . 


. R. L. 157, § 24. 


" 335 . 




" 164. . . 


. R. L. 106, § 44. 


" 336 . 




" 166 . . . 


. R. L. 104, §§ 44-46. 


" 339 . 




" 167. . . 


. R. L. 29, § 18. 


" 340 . 




" 171. . . 


. R. L. 75, § 40. 


" 341 . 




" 173. . . 


. R. L. 24, I 2. 


" 343 . 




" 174. . . 


. R. L. 92, § 11. 


" 345 . 




" 176 . . . 


. R. L. 168, § 80. 


" 351 . 




" 177. . . 


. R. L. 30, § 17 ; 81, § 39. 


" 358 . 




" 178. . . 


. R. L. 92, § 5. 


" 360 . 




" 179. . . 


. R. L. 84, I 14. 


" 362 . 




" 180. . . 


. R. L. 112, § 73. 


" 364 . 




" 185 . . . 


. R. L. 85, § 40. 


" 366 . 




" 186 .. . 


. R. L. 100, §§ 1, 54. 


" 368 . 




" 188 . . . 


. R. L. 213, I 8. 


" 369 . 




" 191 . . . 


. R. L. 3, § 19. 


" 370 . 




" 192. . . 


. R. L. 52, § 7. 


" 371 . 




" 193. . . 


. R. L. 91, § 86. 


" 372 . 




" 197. . 


. R. L. 13, § 43. 


" 373 . 




" 200. . . 


. Acted on. 


" 377 . 




" 202. . 


. R. L. 56, §§ 65-69. 


" 383 . 




" 210 . . 


. R. L. 9, § 10. 


<« 388 . 




" 211 . . 


. R. L. 6, $ 4 ; 62, § 10. 


" 389 . 




" 213 . . 


. S. 1901, 523. 


" 391 . 




" 215 . . . 


. R. L. 217, § 66. 


" 392 . 




" 222 . . 


. R. L. 14, § 56. 


" 396, §§ 


1-3 


" 224. . 


. R. L. 223, §§ 6, 24. 


'« 398 . 




" 232 . . 


, R. L. 1, § 5. 


" 401 . 




" 237 . . 


. R. L. 91, § 83. 


" 402 . 




" 238 . . 


. R. L. 126, § 4. 


" 404 . 




'< 240 . . 


. R. L. 9, $ 7. 


" 405 . 




" 242. . 


. R. L. 136, § 2. 


" 408 . 




" 244 . . 


. R. L. 159, \ 22. 


" 413, § 4 




" 246 . . 


. R. L. 161, § 17. 


" 414 . 




" 249 . . 


. . R. L. 11, §§ 104, 114. 


" 415 . 




" 250. . 


. Acted on. 


" 416 . 




" 252 . . 


. . R. L. 90, § 6. 


" 418 . 




" 254 . . 


. . R. L. 112, § 75. 


" 422 . 




" 255 . . 


. . R. L. 116, § 34. 


" 422, § 9 . 


" 257. . 


. . R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 422, § 11 . 


" 259 . . 


, . R. L. 162, § 60. 


" 422, § 20 . 


« 262 . . 


. . R. L. 39, § 4. 


" 423 . . . 


" 263 . . 


. . R. L. 9, § 7. 


" 424, § 1 . 


" 264 . . 


. . Acted on. See R. L. 12, § 54. 


" 424, § 


2 



R. L. 11, § 125. 

R. L. 208, §§ 78, 80, 82, 83-88, 

90, 92, 93. 
R. L. 16, § 147. 
S. 1901, 422, § 11. 
R. L. 15, § 5. 
R. L. 6, § 6. 
R. L. 87, §§ 59, 62. 
R. L. 79, § 20. 

R. L. Ill, § 25; 175, §§ 10,11. 
R. L. 25, § 15. 
R. L. 43, § 3. 
R. L. 91, § 119. 
R. L. 84, § 2. 
R. L. 25, § 50. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 118, §§ 29, 31. 
R. L. 15, § 1. 
R. L. 208, § 91. 
R. L. 46, § 1. 
R. L. 164, § 29. 
R. L. 87, §§ 127-129. 
R. L. 6, § 35. 
R. L. 25, §§ 35-38. 
R. L. 146, §§ 30, 33. 
R. L. 56, § 56. 
R. L. 173, § 93. 
R. L. 57, § 22. 
R. L. 165, § 88. 
R. L. 26, § 15. 
R. L. 89, § 4. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 19, § 23. 
R. L. 225, § 80. 
R. L. 75, § 18. 
R. L. 168, §§ 1, 17. 
R. L. 47, § 9. 
R. L. 78, §§ 19, 20. 
R. L. 223, § 1. 
R. L. 62, § 43. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 222, §§ 1, 9. 
R. L. 165, § 54. 
R. L. Ill, § 162; 11'2, §39. 
R. L. 164, § 35. 
R. L. 106, §§ 66-68. 
R. L. 209, §§ 1-3. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 213, § 3. 
R. L. 108, § 31. 
R. L. 22, § 13. 
R. L. 21, § 3. 
R. L. 121, § 26. 
R. L. 75, §§ 103, 104. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 75, § 19. 
R. L. 96, §§ 9, 10. 
R. L. 22, § 31. 
R. L. 11, §§ 86, 137-139. 
R. L. 11, § 93. 
R. L. 125, § 5. 
R. L. 13, § 26. 
R. L. 14, § 61. 
R. L. 112, § 38. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 47, § 19. 
R. L. 160, § 67. 
R. L. 119, except 
R. L. 109, § 9. 
S. in part, 1901, 487. 
R. L. 126, § 5. 
R. L. 57, §§ 84, 87-92. 
R. L. 12, § 1. 
Acted on. 



Ivi 



STATUTES ENACTED SINCE THE PUBLIC STATUTES. 



1, c. 425 . . 


. R. L. 62, s^ 9. 


1901, c. 482 . . 


. R. L. 11, ^^^ 334, 335. 




" 427. . 


. R. L. 102, §^^ 122-127. 


" 485 . . 


. R. L. 164, § 27. 




" 428. . 


. R. L. 207, § 26. 


" 487. . 


. R. L. 119, I 6. 




" 433 . . 


. R. L. 47, § 17. 


" 495 . . 


. R. L. 65, §21. 




" 435 . . 


. R. L. 11, § 108. 


" 497 . . 


. R. L. 121, §§ 36-38. 




" 439 . . 


. R. L. 104, § 27. 


" 499 . . 


. R. L. 121, 1 3. 




" 441 . . 


. R. L. 11, § 23. 


" 500 . . 


. R. L. 7, § 13. 




" 449 . . 


. R. L. 14, ^S 2. 


" 503 . . 


. R. L. Ill, § 1 ; 112, vS^ 9, 


10, 


" 452 . . 


. R. L. 112, § 48. 




29. 




" 457 . . 


. R. L. 160, § 67. 


" 510 . . 


. R. L. 165, § 35. 




" 459 . . 


. R. L. 99, §§ 4, 6. 


« 511. . 


. R. L. 11, ^ 422. 




" 461 . . 


. Acted on. 


" 512. . 


. R. L. 19, I 34. 




" 463 . . 


. R. L. 149, §§ 9, 10. 


" 519. . 


. R. L. 13, ^ 43. Form 15. 




" 467. . 


, R. L. 76, §§ 3, 7-9. 


" 520. . 


. R. L. 220, § 38. 




« 469 . . 


. R. L. 1, H ; 25. S^ 7. 


" 522 . . 


. R. L. 76, §§ 17, 21, 22. 




" 470. . 


. R. L. 110, § 81. 


" 523. . 


. . R. L. 145, § 20. 




" 472. . 


. R. L. 42, § 36. 


" 527. . 


. . R. L. 210, \ 24. 




« 478. . 


. . R. L. 56, J 1. 


" 531 . . 


. . R. L. 11, § 271. 





ANALYSIS 

OF THE 

TITLES AND CHAPTEES 

CONTAINED IN 

THE REVISED LAWS 



PART I. 

OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE GOVERNMENT. 



TITLE I. 

OF THE JURISDICTION, ARMS AND GREAT SEAL OF THE COMMONWEALTH, THE 
GENERAL COURT, THE GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL, THE EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, 
THE STATUTES, THE PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE LAWS AND PUBLIC 
DOCUMENTS, THE STATE HOUSE, ETC. 

Chapter 1 . — Of the Jurisdiction of the Commonwealth and Places ceded to the United 

States. 
Chapter 2. — Of the Arms and the Great Seal of the Commonwealth. 
Chapter 3. — Of the General Court. 

Chapter 4. — Of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Council. 
Chapter 5. — Of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 
Chapter 6. — Of the Treasurer and Receiver General, the Auditor of Accounts and Matters 

of Finance. 
Chapter 7. — Of the Attorney General and the District Attorneys. 
Chapter 8. — Of the Statutes. 

Chapter 9. — Of the Printing and Distribution of the Laws and Public Documents. 
Chapter 10. — Of the State House, the Sergeant-at-Arms and Che State Library. 

TITLE II. 

OF ELECTIONS. 
Ch apter 11. — Of Elections . 

TITLE III. 

OF THE ASSESSMENT AND COLLECTION OF TAXES. 

Chapter 12. — Of the Assessment of Taxes. 

Chapter 13. — Of the Collection of Taxes. 

Chapter 14. — Of the Taxation of Corporations. 

Chapter 15. — Of the Taxation of Collateral Legacies and Successions. 

[Ivii] 



Iviii ANALYSIS PART I. 



TITLE IV. 

OF THE MILITIA. 



Chapter 16. — Of the Militia. 



TITLE V. 

OF CERTAIN STATE OFFICERS AND THE CIVIL SERVICE. 

Chapter 17. — Of Notaries Public and Commissioners. 
Chapter 18. — General Provisions relative to State Officers. 
Chapter 19. — Of the Civil Service. 

TITLE VI. 

OF COUNTIES AND COUNTY OFFICERS. 

Chapter 20. — Of Counties and County Commissioners. 

Chapter 21. — Of County Treasurers, the Controller of County Accounts and County 

Finances. 
Chapter 22. — Of Registers of Deeds. 
Chapter 23. — Of Sheriffs. 
Chapter 24. — Of Medical Examiners. 

TITLE VII. 

OF TOWNS AND CITIES. 

Chapter 25. — Of Towns and Town Officers. 
Chapter 26. — Of Cities. 
Chapter 27. — Of MunicijDal Indebtedness. 

Chapter 28. — Of Public Parks, Playgrounds and the Public Domain. 
Chapter 29. — Of the Return and Registry of Births, Marriages and Deaths. 
Chapter 30. — Of Worklaouses and Almshouses. 
Chapter 31. — Of Watch and Ward. 

Chapter 32. — Of the State Fire Marshal, Fires, Fire Departments and Fire Districts. 
Chapter 33. — Of Fences and Fence Viewers, Pounds and Field Drivers. 
Chapter 34. — Of the Manufacture and Distribution of Gas and Electricity by Cities and 
Towns. 

TITLE VIII. 

OF THE PUBLIC RECORDS. 
Chapter 35. — Of the Public Records. 

TITLE IX. 

OF CERTAIN RELIGIOUS, CHARITABLE AND EDUCATIONAL MATTERS. 

Chapter 36. — Of Parishes and Religioixs Societies. 

Chapter 37. — Of Donations and Conveyances for Pious and Charitable Uses. 

Chapter 38. — Of Libraries. 

TITLE X. 

OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION AND REGULATIONS RESPECTING CHILDREN. 

Chapter 30. — Of the Board of Education. 

Chapter 40. — Of Teachers' Institutes and Associations. 

Chapter 41. — Of the School Funds. 



ANALYSIS PART I. lix 



Chapter 42. — Of the Public Schools. 

Chapter 43. — Of School Registers and Returns. 

Chapter 44. — Of School Attendance. 

Chapter 45. — Of the Nautical Training School. 

Chapter 46. — Of Truants and Truant Schools. 



TITLE XI. 

OF WAYS, BRIDGES, PUBLIC PLACES, FERRIES, SEWERS, DRAINS AND SIDEWALKS, 
AND OF LAND DAMAGES AND BETTERMENTS. 

Chapter 47. — Of State Highways. 

Chapter 48. — Of the Laying out and Discontinuance of Ways and of Damages caused by 

the Taking of Land for Public LTses. 
Chapter 49. — Of Sewers, Drains and Sidewalks. 
Chapter 50. — Of Betterments and other Assessments on Account of the Cost of Public 

Improvements . 
Chapter 51. — Of the Repair of Ways and Bridges. 

Chapter 52. — Of Regulations and By-Laws relative to Ways and Bridges. 
Chapter 53. — Of the Boundaries of Highways and other Public Places and Encroachments 

thereon. 
Chapter 54. — Of the Law of the Road. 
Chapter 55. — Of Ferries and Canals. 



TITLE XII. 

OF THE REGULATION OF TRADE. 

Chapter 56. — Of the Regulation of Trade and the Inspection and Sale of Food. 

Chapter 57. — Of the Inspection and Sale of Various Articles. 

Chapter 58. — Of the Inspection of Gas and Gas Meters. 

Chapter 59. — Of the Measuring of Upper Leather. 

Chapter 60. — Of the Survey and Sale of Lumber, Ornamental Wood and Ship Timber. 

Chapter 61. — Of the Surveying of Land. 

Chapter 62. — Of Weights and Measures. 

Chapter 63. — Of the Metric System of Weights and Measures. 

Chapter 64. — Of Auctioneers. 

Chapter 65. — Of Itinerant Vendors, Hawkers and Pedlers. 

Chapter 66. — Of Shipping and Seamen, Harbors and Harbor Masters. 

Chapter 67. — Of Pilots and Pilotage. 

Chapter 68. — Of Agents, Consignees and Factors. 

Chapter 69. — Of Public Warehouses. 

Chapter 70. — Of Common Carriers and Express Companies. 

Chapter 71. — Of Limited Partnersliips. 

Chapter 72. — Of the Use of Labels, Trade Marks and Names. 

Chapter 73. — Of Money and Negotiable Instruments. 



TITLE XIII. 

OF THE PREVENTION OF FRAUDS AND PERJURIES. 
Chapter 74. — Of the Prevention of Frauds and Perjuries. 



Ix 



ANALYSIS • 



PAKT I. 



Chapter 


75. 


Chapter 


76. 


Chapter 


77. 


Chapter 


78. 


Chapter 


79. 


Chapter 


80. 


Chapter 


81. 


Chapter 


82. 


Chapter 


83. 


Chapter 


84. 


Chapter 


85. 


Chapter 


86. 


Chapter 


87. 


Chapter 


88. 


Chapter 


89. 


Chapter 


90. 


Chapter 


91. 


Chapter 


92. 


Chapter 


93. 


Chapter 


94. 


Chapter 


95. 


Chapter 


96. 


Chapter 


97. 


Chapter 


98. 


Chapter 


99. 


Chapter 


100. 


Chapter 


101. 


Chapter 


102. 


Chapter 


103. 


Chapter 


104. 


Chapter 


105. 


Chapter 


106. 


Chapter 


107. 


Chapter 


108. 



TITLE XIV. 

OF THE POLICE POWER OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 

■Of the Preservation of the Public Health. 

■Of the Registration of Physicians, Surgeons, Phax'macists and Dentists. 

■ Of the Promotion of Anatomical Science. 

■ Of Cemeteries and Burials. 

• Of State and Military Aid and Soldiers' Relief. 

- Of the Settlement of Paupers. 

- Of the Support of Paupers by Cities and Towns. 

• Of the Maintenance of Bastard Children. 

Of the Protection of Infants and the Care of Pauper Children. 

■ Of the State Board of Charity. 

■ Of the State Hospital and the State Farm . 

■ Of the Lyman School for Boys, the Industrial School for Girls and the 

Reformation of Juvenile Offenders. 

■ Of the State Board of Insanity and Institutions for the Insane. 
■Of the Massachusetts State Sanatorium. 

-Of the State Board of Agriculture and the Dairy Bureau. 

-Of the Board of Cattle Commissioners and of Contagious Diseases of 

Domestic Animals. 
-Of Fisheries. 

-Of the Preservation of Certain Birds and Animals. 
-Of Timber Afloat or Cast on Shore. 

- Of Lost Goods and Stray Beasts. 

-Of Unclaimed or Abandoned Property. 

-Of the Board of Harbor and Land Commissioners. 

-Of Wi-ecks, Shipwrecked Goods and Removal of Wrecks. 

-Of tlie Observance of the Lord's Day. 

-Of Gaming. 

- Of Intoxicating Liqviors. 

- Of Common Nuisances. 

- Of Licenses and Municipal Regulations of Police. 

- Of the Supervision of Plumbing. 
-Of the Inspection of Buildings. 
-Of the Inspection of Steam Boilers. 

- Of tlie Employment of Labor. 

-Of the Bureau of Statistics of Labor and the Board of Supervisors of 
Statistics. 

- Of District and other Police Oflicers. 



TITLE XV. 

OF CORPORATIONS. 

Chapter 109. — Of Certain Powers, Duties and Liabilities of Corporations. 

Chapter 110. — Of Manufacturing and other Corporations. 

Chapter 111. — Of Railroad Corporations and Railroads. 

Chapter 112. — Of Street Railway Companies. 

Chapter 113. — Of Savings Banks and Institutions for Savings. 

Chapter 114. — Of Co-operative Banks. 

Chapter 115. — Of Banks and Banking. 

Chapter 116. — Of Trust Companies. 



ANALYSIS PART II. Ixi 

Chapter 117. — Of Mortgage Loan and Investment Companies. 

Chapter 118. — Of Insurance. 

Chapter 119. — Of Fraternal Beneficiary Corporations. 

Chapter 120. — Of Assessment Insurance. 

Chapter 121. — Of Gas and Electric Light Companies. 

Chapter 122. — Of Companies for the Transmission of Electricity. 

Chapter 123. — Of Proprietors of AVIiarves, Real Estate lying in Common, General Fields, 

and Aqueduct Corporations. 

Chapter 124. — Of Agricultural and Horticultural Societies. 

Chapter 125. — Of Corporations for Charitable and other Purposes. 

Chapter 126. — Of Foreign Corporations. 



PABT II. 

OF REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY AND THE DOIVIESTIC RELATIONS. 



TITLE I. 

OF THE TITLE TO REAL PROPERTY. 

Chapter 127. — Of the Alienation of Land. 

Chapter 128. — Of the Registration and Confirmation of Titles to Land. 

Chapter 129. — Of Estates for Years and at Will. 

Chapter 130. — Of Easements. 

Chapter 131. — Of Homesteads. 

Chapter 132. — Of the Rights of a Husband in the Real Property of his Deceased Wife, 

and the Rights of a Wife in that of her Deceased Husband. 

Chapter 133. — Of the Descent of Real Property. 

Chapter 134. — General Provisions relative to Real Property. 



TITLE II. 

OF WILLS, OF THE SETTLEMENT OF THE ESTATES OF DECEASED PERSONS, OF 
GUARDIANSHIP, AND OF TRUSTS. 

Chapter 135. —Of Wills. 

Chapter 136. — Of the Probate of Wills and the Appointment of Executors. 

Chapter 137. — Of the Appointment of Administrators. 

Chapter 138. — Of Public Administrators. 

Chapter 139. — General Provisions relative to Executors and Administrators. 

Chapter 140. — Of Allowances to Widows and Children, the Distribution of the Estates of 
Intestates and of Advancements. 

Chapter 141, — Of the Payment of Debts, Legacies and Distributive Shares. 

Chapter 142. — Of Insolvent Estates of Deceased Persons. 

Chapter 143. — Of the Settlement of the Estates of Deceased Non-Residents. 

Chapter 144. — Of the Settlement of Estates of Absentees. 

Chapter 145. — Of Guardiansliip. 

Chapter 146. — Of Sales, Mortgages and Leases of Real Property by Executors, Adminis- 
trators and Guardians. 

Chapter 147. — Of Trusts. 



Ixii ANALYSIS PART III. 

Chapter 148. — Provisions relative to Sales, Mortgages, etc., by Executors, etc. 
Chaptek 149. — Of Bonds of Executors, Administrators, Guardians and Trustees. 
Chapter 150. — Of the Accounts and Settlements of Executors, Administrators, Guardians, 
Trustees and Receivers. 

TITLE III. 

OF THE DOMESTIC RELATIONS. 

Chapter 151. — Of Marriage. 

Chapter 152. — Of Divoi-ce. 

Chapter 153. — Of Cei-tain Rights and Liabilities of Husband and Wife. 

Chapter 154. — Of the Adoption of Children and Change of Names. 

Chapter 155. — Of Masters, Apprentices and Servants. 



PART III. 

OF COURTS AND JUDICIAL OFFICERS AND PROCEEDINGS IN CIVIL CASES. 



TITLE I. 

OF COURTS AND JUDICIAL OFFICERS. 

Chapter 166. — Of the Supreme Judicial Court. 

Chapter 157. — Of the Superior Court. 

Chapter 158. — Provisions Common to the Supreme Judicial Court and the Superior Court. 

Chapter 159. — Of the Equity Jurisdiction and Procedure of the Supreme Judicial Court 

and the Superior Court. 
Chapter 160. — Of Police, District and Municipal Courts. 
Chapter 161. — Of Justices of the Peace and Trial Justices. 
Chapter 162. — Of Probate Courts. 
Chapter 163. — Of Courts of Insolvency. 

Chapter 164. — Of Judges and Registers of Probate and Insolvency. 
Chapter 165. — Of Clerks, Attorneys and other Officers of Judicial Courts. 
Chapter 166. — Of Provisions relative to Courts and of Naturalization. 

TITLE II. 

OF ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS THEREIN. 

Chapter 167. — Of the Commencement of Actions and the Service of Process. 

Chapter 168. — Of Arrest on Civil Process. 

Chapter 169. —Of Bail. 

Chapter 170. — Of Proceedings against Absent Defendants and upon Insufficient Service. 

Chapter 171. — Of the Survival of Actions and of the Death and Disabilities of Parties. 

Chapter 172. — Of Actions by and against Executors and Administrators. 

Chapter 173. — Of Pleading and Practice. 

Chapter 174. —Of Set-off and Tender. 

Chapter 175. — Of Witnesses and Evidence. 

Chapter 176. — Of Juries. 

Chapter 177. — Of Judgment and Execution. 

Chapter 178. — Of the Levy of Executions on Land. 



ANALYSIS PART III. Ixui 

TITLE III. 

OF REMEDIES RELATING TO REAL PROPERTY. 

Chapter 179. — Of the Writ of Entry. 

Chapter 180. — Of the Writ of Dower. 

Chapter 181. — Of the Summary Process for the Possession of Land. 

Chapter 182. — Of Proceedings for the Settlement of Title to Land. 

Chapter 183. — Of the Determination of Boundaries of Flats. 

Chapter 184. — Of the Partition of Land. 

Chapter 185. — Of Waste and Trespass. 

Chapter 186. — Of Actions for Private Nuisances. 

Chapter 187. — Of the Foreclosure and Redemption of Mortgages. 

Chapter 188. — Of Informations by the Commonwealth. 

TITLE IV. 

OF CERTAIN WRITS AND PROCEEDINGS IN SPECIAL CASES. 

Chapter 189. — Of the Trustee Process. 

Chapter 190. — Of tlie Replevin of Property. 

Chapter 191. — Of Habeas Corpus, Personal Replevin and Personal Liberty. 

Chapter 192. — Of Audita Querela, Certiorari, Mandamus and Quo Warranto. 

Chapter 193. — Of the Writ of Error, of Vacating Judgment and of the Writ of Review. 

Chapter 194. — Of Reference to Arbitration. 

Chapter 195. — Of the Improvement of Meadows and Swamps. 

Chapter 196. — Of Mills, Dams and Resei'voirs. 

Chapter 197. — Of Liens on Buildings and Land. 

Chapter 198. — Of Mortgages, Conditional Sales and Pledges of, and Liens upon, Personal 

Property. 
Chapter 199. — Of Recognizances for Debts. 
Chapter 200. — Of Seizing and Libelling Forfeited Property. 
Chapter 201. — Of Claims against the Commonwealth. 

TITLE V. 

OF THE LIMITATION OF ACTIONS. 
Chapter 202. — Of the Limitation of Actions. 

TITLE VI. 

OF COSTS, AND OF THE FEES OF CERTAIN OFFICERS. 

Chapter 203. — Of Costs in Civil Actions. 
Chapter 204. — Of the Fees of Certain Officers. 



Ixiv ANALYSIS PARTS IV., V. 



PART IV. 

OF CRIMES, PUNISHMENTS, PROCEEDINGS IN CRIMINAL CASES, AND 

PRISONS. 



TITLE I. 

OF CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Chapter 205. — Of the Rights of Persons accused of C'rime. 

Chapter 206. — Of Crimes against the Sovereignty of the Commonwealth. 

Chapter 207. — Of Crimes against tlie Person. 

Chapter 208. — Of Crimes against Property. 

Chapter 209. — Of Forgery and Crimes against the Currency. 

Chapter 210. — Of Crimes against Public Justice. 

Chapter 211. — Of Crimes agamst the Public Peace. 

Chapter 212. — Of Crimes against Chastity, Morality, Decency and Good Order. 

Chapter 213. — Of Crimes against the Public Health. 

Chapter 214. — Of Crimes against Public Policy. 

Chapter 215. — Of Felonies, Accessories and Attempts to commit Crimes. 

TITLE II. 

OF PROCEEDINGS IN CRIMINAL CASES. 

Chapter 216. — Of Proceedings to prevent the Commission of Crimes. 

Chapter 217. — Of Search Warrants, Rewards, Fugitives from Justice, Arrest, Examina- 
tion, Commitment, Bail and Pi'obation. 
Chapter 218. — Of Indictments and Proceedings before Trial. 
Chapter 219. — Of Trials and Proceedings before Judgment. 
Chapter 220. — .Of Judgment and Execution. 
Chapter 221. — Of Fines and Forfeitures. 

TITLE III. 

OF PRISONS AND IMPRISONMENT. 

Chapter 222. — Of the Board of Prison Commissioners. 

Chapter 223. — Of the State Prison, the Massachusetts Reformatory and the Reformatory 

Prison for Women. 
Chapter 224. — Of Jails and Houses of Correction. 
Chapter 225. — Of the Officers and Inmates of Penal and Reformatory Institutions, and of 

Pardons. 



PART V 



OF THE REVISED LAWS AND THE EXPRESS REPEAL OF CERTAIN ACTS 

AND RESOLVES. 



Chapter 226. — Of the Revised Laws and their Effect. 

Chapter 227 . — Of the Express Repeal of Certain Acts and Resolves^ 



CONSTITUTION 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



PREAMBLE. 

Objects of the Constitution. 

ARTICLE I. 

Section 

1. Legislative powers, in whom vested. 

2. House of representatives, how and by 
whom chosen. — Qualifications of a repre- 
sentative. — Representatives and direct 
taxes, bow apportioned. — Census. — Va- 
cancies to be filled. — Power of choosing 
officers, and of impeachment. 

3. .Senators, how and by whom chosen. — 
How classified. — State executive to make 
tsmporary appointments, in case, etc. — 
Qualifications of a senator. — President of 
the senate, his right to vote. — President 
2)ro tern, and other oflicers of senate, how 
chosen. — Power to try impeachments. — 
When president is tried, chief justice to 
preside. — Sentence. 

4. Times, etc., of holding elections, how pre- 
scribed. — One session in each year. 

5. Membership. — Quorum. — Adjournments. 

— Rules. — Power to punish or expel. — 
Journal. — Time of adjournment limited, 
unless, etc. 

6. Compensation. — Privileges. — Disqualifi- 
cation in certain cases. 

7. House to originate all revenue biUs. — 
Veto. — Bill may be passed by two-thirds 
of each house, notwithstanding, etc. — Bill 
not returned in ten days. — Provision as to 
all orders, etc., except, etc. 

8. Powers of congress. 

9. Provision as to migration or importation 
of certain persons. — Habeas corpus. — 
Bills of attainder, etc. — Taxes, how ap- 
portioned. — No export duty. — No commer- 
cial preferences. — No money drawn from 
treasury, unless, etc. — No titular nobility. 

— Oflicers not to receive presents, unless, 
etc. 

10. States prohibited from the exercise of cer- 
tain powers. 

ARTICLE II. 

Section 

1. President and vice-president, their term of 
oflice. — Electors of president and vice- 
president, number, and how appointed. — 
Electors to vote on same day. — Qualifica- 
tions of president. —On whom his duties 
devolve in case of his removal, death, etc. 

— President's compensation. — His oath. 



Section 

2. President to be commander-in-chief. — He 
may require opinion of, etc., and may par- 
don. — Treaty-making power. — Nomina- 
tion of certain oflicers. — When president 
may fill vacancies. 

3. President sliall communicate to congress. 
— He may convene and adjourn congress. 
In case, etc.; shall receive ambassadors, 
execute laws, and commission oflicers. 

4. All civil oflices forfeited for certain crimes. 

ARTICLE III. 



power. — Tenure. — Compensa- 



Section 

1. Judicial 
tion. 

2. Judicial power, to what cases it extends. — 
Original jurisdiction of supreme court. — 
Appellate. — Trial by jury, except, etc. 
— Trial, where. 

3. Treason defined. — Proof of. — Punish- 
ment of. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Section 

1. Credit to be given to public acts, etc., of 
every state. 

2. Privileges of citizens of each state. — Fugi- 
tives from justice to be delivered up. — 
Persons held to service, having escaped, 
to be delivered up. 

3. Admission of new states.- Power of con- 
gress over territory and other property. 

4. Republican form of government guaran- 
teed. — Each state to be protected. 

ARTICLE V. 
Constitution, how amended. — Proviso. 

ARTICLE VI. 
Certain debts, etc., adopted. — Supremacy of 
constitution, treaties and laws of the United 
States. — Oath to support constitution, by 
whom taken. — No religious test. 

ARTICLE VII. 

What ratification shall establish constitution. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Aeticle 

1. Religious establishment prohibited. — Free- 
dom of speech, of the press, and right to 
petition. 

2. Right to keep and bear arms. 



[1] 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, 



Article 

3. No soldier to be quartered in any house, 
unless, etc. 

4. Right of search and seizure regulated. 

5. Provisions concerning prosecutions, trials 
and punishments. — Private property, not 
to be taken for public use, without, etc. 

6. Further provisions respecting criminal 
prosecutions. 

7. Right of trial by jury secured. 

8. Bail, fines, and punishments. 

9. Rule of construction. 



Article 

10. Same subject. 

11. Same subject. 

12. Manner of choosing president and vice- 
president. 

13. Slavery abolished. 

14. Citizenship defined. — Apportionment of 
representatives. — Persons engaged in re- 
liellion excluded from odice. — Debts of 
United States, and of states contracted 
during the rebellion. 

15. Right of citizenship not to be abridged. 



Preamble. 



WE the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, pro- 
vide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 



Legislative 
powers, in 
whom vested. 



House of rep- 
resentatives, 
how and by 
whom chosen. 



Qualifications 
of a represent- 
ative. 



Representa- 
tives and 
direct taxes, 
how appor- 
tioned. 



Census. 



U. S. Sts., 
1891,16; 1899, 
154; 1901,93. 



Vacancies to 
be filled. 



Power of 
choosing 
officers, and of 
impeachment. 
Senators, how 
and by whom 
chosen. 



ARTICLE I. 

Sect. 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate 
and house of representatives. 

Sect. 2. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state 
legislature. 

No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained 
to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of 
the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabi- 
tant of that state in which he shall be chosen. 

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the 
several states which may be included within this Union, according 
to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding 
to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to ser- 
vice for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three- 
fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the 
United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in 
such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of represent- 
atives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state 
shall have at least one representative ; and until such enumeration 
shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 
three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions one, Connecticut five. New York six, New Jersey four, Penn- 
sylvania eight, Delaware one, Marjdand six, Virginia ten. North 
Carolina five. South Carolina five, and Georgia tliree. 

When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the 
executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies. 

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other 
officers ; and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sect. 3. The senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two senators from each state, chosen 1^}^ the legislature thereof, 
for six vears : and each senator shall have one vote. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 5 

Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the How classified, 
first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three 
classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated 
at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expi- 
ration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-thu-d may be chosen every second year ; 
and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the state executive 
recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may rary\ppoinf-*^" 
make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legis- "tc!^'^' ^" *''^*^' 
lature, which shall then fill such vacancies. 

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the Qualifications 
age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
state for which he shall be chosen. 

The vice-president of the United States shall be president of the President of 
senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. rightTo vote!^ 

The senate shall choose theu' other otiicers, and also a president ^^f®a}f(foti,eT 
pro tempore^ in the absence of the vice-president, or when he shall officers of sen- 
exercise the ofiice of president of the United States. chosen. 

The senate shall have the sole power to tr}^ all impeachments. Power to try 
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. ^^^^^"^^ ^^^^ *• 
When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice when presi. 
shall preside : and no person shall be convicted without the conciu*- chief justice' to 
rence of two-thirds of the members present. preside. 

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than sentence, 
to removal from ofiice, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any 
office of honor, trust or profit under the United States: but the 
party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indict- 
ment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law. 

Sect. 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections Times, etc., of 
for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state tions, Sow'^pre- 
by the legislature thereof; but the congress may at any time by u."'^ r^v. sts., 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choos- §§i*-i9- 
ing senators. 

The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such ^a^i^^ear"^ '" 
meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall 
by law appoint a different day. 

Sect. 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, re- Membership, 
turns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each 
shall constitute a quorum to do business ; but a smaller number ma}^ Quorum, 
adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Adjournments, 
attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such 
penalties as each house may provide. 

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish ^"'^^^g^^^^^ 
its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of expel. 
two-thu"ds, expel a member. 

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from Journal. 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their 
judgment require secrecy ; and the yeas and nays of the members 
of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of 
those present, be entered on the journal. 

Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, without the Time of ad- 
consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any ihBit°edTuniess, 
other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting, ^^- 



CONSTITUTION OF TIIE UNITED STATES. 



Compensation. 
Privileges. 



Disqualifica- 
tion in certain 
cases. 



House to origi- 
nate all rev- 
enue bills. 
126 Mass. 557, 
593. 



Veto. 



Bill may be . 
passed by two- 
thirds of each 
house, not- 
withstanding, 
etc. 



Bill not re- 
turned in ten 
days. 



Provision as to 
all orders, etc., 
except, etc. 



Powers of 

congress. 
4 Gray, 5.19. 
10 Allen, 200. 
101 Mass. 303. 
162 Mass. 113. 



129 Mass. .580. 

130 Mass. 1. 

143 Mass. 2G4. 

144 Mass. 523. 
1.56 Mass. 236. 
160 Mass. 62. 
164 Mass. 338. 
139 U. S. 240. 
155 U. S. 461. 



Sect. 6. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out 
of the treasury of the United States. They sliall in all cases, except 
treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest 
during their attendance at the session of theu- respective houses, and 
in going to and returning from the same ; and for any speech or 
debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he 
was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of 
the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased during such time ; and no person 
holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of 
either house during his continuance in office. 

Sect. 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of representatives ; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments as on other bills. 

Every bill which shall have passed the house of representatives 
and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the 
president of the United States ; if he approve he shall sign it, but if 
not he shall return it, with his objections to that house in which it 
shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their 
journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration 
two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, 
together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall 
likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that 
house, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names 
of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the 
journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned 
by the president within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall 
have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner 
as if he had signed it, unless the congress by their adjournment 
prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the 
senate and house of representatives may be necessary (except on a 
question of adjournment) shall be presented to the president of the 
United States ; and before the same shall take effect, shall be ap- 
proved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, according to 
the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 

Sect. 8. The congress shall have power — to lay and collect 
taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for 
the common defence and general welfare of the United States ; but 
all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the 
United States ; — to borrow money on the credit of the United 
States ; — to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several states, and with the Indian tribes ; — to establish an uni- 
form rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bank- 
ruptcies throughout the United States ; — to coin money, regulate 
the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of 
weights and measures ; — to provide for tlie puni.shment of counter- 
feiting the securities and current coin of the United States; — to 
establish post offices and post roads ; — to promote the progress of 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 5 

science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and 
inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and dis- 
coveries ; — to constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court ; — 
to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high 
seas, and offences against the law of nations ; — to declare war, 
grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning 
captures on land and water ; — to raise and support armies, but no 
appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than 
two 3'ears ; — to provide and maintain a navy ; — to make rules for • 
the government and regulation of the land and naval forces ; — to 
provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the 
Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; — to provide i* Gray, gi4. 
for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for gov- 
erning such part of them as may be emplo3^ed in the service of the 
United States, reserving to the states respectively, the appointment 
of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according 
to the discipline prescribed by congress ; — to exercise exclusive 
legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceed- 
ing ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and 
the acceptance of congress, become the seat of the government of 
the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places pur- loe Mass. 35c. 
chased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the 
same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock 
yards, and other needful buildings ; — and to make all law^s which 
shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the fore- 
going powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in 
the government of the United States, or in any department or 
officer thereof. 

Sect. 9. The migration or importation of such persons, as Provision as to 
any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall imporuuion^of 
not be prohibited by the congress prior to the yeav one thousand songs'!' '^^'^'" 
eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such 
importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, J^a^eas corpus. 
unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may 
require it. 

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. Biugofat- 

No capitation, or other direct tax, shall be laid, unless in pro- Taxeriiow 
portion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be apportioned. 
taken. 

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state, no export 

No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or Noncommercial 
revenue to the ports of one state over those of another ; nor shall preferences, 
vessels bound to, or fi:om, one state, be obliged to enter, clear or 
pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence ko money 
of appropriations made by law ; and a regular statement and account freal 



drawn from 



siiry, 



of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be pub- "°i^^^' ^'^ ■ 
lished from time to time. 

No title of nobility shall be granted b}^ the United States ; and ^J^^ijfi^^'*'''' 
no person holdino- any office of profit or trust under them shall, officers not to 
without the consent of the congress, accept of any present, emolu- ents, unless, 
ment, office or title, of any kind whatcA^er, from any king, prince, 
or foreio:n state. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 



States pro- 
hibited from 
the exercise 
of certain 
powers. 
7 Cush. 53. 
1-2 Allen, 421, 
424, 428. 
103 Mass. 267. 
115 Mass. 153. 
151 Mass. 364. 
160 Mass. 62. 

172 Mass. 264. 

173 Mass. 322. 



Sect. 10. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation ; grant letters of marque and reprisal ; coin money ; 
emit bills of credit ; make any thing but gold and silver coin a 
tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of attainder, ex -post facto 
law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title 
of nobility. No state shall, without the consent of the congress, 
lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may 
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws : and the 
net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any state on imports 
or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States ; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. No state shall, without the consent of congress, lay any 
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, 
enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such 
imminent danger as will not admit of delay. 



President and 
vice-president, 
their term of 
office. 



Electors of 
president and 
vice-president, 
number, and 
how appointed. 



Amendment 
XII. a substi- 
tute for this 
paragraph. 



ARTICLE n. 

Sect. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President 
of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during 
the term of four years, and, together with the vice-president, 
chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows : — 

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof 
may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of 
senators and representatives to which the state may be entitled in 
the congress ; but no senator or representative, or person holding 
an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be ap- 
pointed an elector. 

[The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by 
ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabi- 
tant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a list 
of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each ; 
which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the 
seat of the government of the United States, directed to the presi- 
dent of the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all the 
certificates, and the votes shalf then be counted. The person 
having the greatest number of votes shall be the president, if such 
number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed ; 
and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an 
equal number of votes, then the house of representatives shall 
immediately choose by ballot one of them for president ; and if no 
person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the 
said house shall in like manner choose the president. But in 
choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the 
representation from each state having one vote ; a quorum for this 
purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of 
the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a 
choice. In every case, after the choice of the president, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the vice- 
president. But if there should remain two or more who have equal 
votes, the senate shall choose from them b}^ ballot the vice-presi- 
dent.] 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 7 

The congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, Electors to 
and the day on which they shall give their votes ; which day shall ciay.''"^*'"^ 
be the same throughout the United States. 

U. S. Kev. Sts., § 131. U. S. Sts., 1887, 90. 146 U. S. 1. 

No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United ^"^'reswent^ 
States, at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall be eligi- 
ble to the office of president ; neither shall any person be eligible to 
that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years, 
and been fourteen years a resident within the United States. 

In case of the removal of the president from office, or of his death, on whom his 
resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the in case of ws 
said office, the same shall devolve on the vice-president, and the con- dlath^etc. 
gress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resigna- E'sm^*^^' 
tion, or inability, both of the president and vice-president, declaring 
what officer shall then act as president, and such officer shall act 
accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a president shall be 
elected. 

The president shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a President's 
compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished dur- ^^^P^^^^^tion. 
ing the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not 
receive within that period any other emolument from the United 
States, or any of them. 

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the 
following oath or affirmation : — 

" I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute nisoath. 
the office of president of the United States, and will to the best of 
my ability, preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the 
United States." 

Sect. 2. The president shall be commander-in-chief of the President to 
army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several Inchie™^"*^^^" 
states, when called into the actual service of the United States ; he ^uire opfni^on 
may require the opinion, in Avriting, of the principal officer in each may^pjirdon 
of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties io9 Mass. 333. 
of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves 
and pardons for offences against the United States, except in cases 
of impeachment. 

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Treaty-making 
senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the senators present p°^^^^- 
concur ; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and con- Nomination of 
sent of the senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers '^^'^'^i'^*'^^^^^- 
and consuls, judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of 
the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise pro- 
vided for, and which shall be established by law : but the congress 
may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they 
think proper, in the president alone, in the courts of law, or in the 
heads of departments. 

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may whenpresi. 
happen during the recess of the senate, by granting commissions vacancies. 
which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sect. 3. He shall from time to time give to the congress in- President shaii 
formation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their con- to congress. 
sideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient ; He may con. 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both houses, or either JoTrncon^ess, 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to "^ case, etc. 



8 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Shall receive 
ambassadors ; 
execute laws, 
and commis- 
sion officers. 
All civil offices 
forfeited for 



the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper ; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers ; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the oiBcers of the United States. 

Sect. 4. The president, vice-president, and all civil officers 
certain crimes, of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

AETICLE in. 

Sect. 1. The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the con- 
gress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, 
both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices dur- 
ing good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their ser- 
vices, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. 

Sect. 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their au- 
thority ; — to all cases aftccting ambassadors, other public ministers, 
and consuls ; — to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction ; 
— to controversies to which the United States shall be a party ; — 
to controversies between two or more states ; — between a state and 
citizens of another state ; — between citizens of different states ; — 
between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of 
different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and 
foreign states, citizens or subjects. 

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and con- 
suls, and those in which a state shall be a part}^ the supreme court 
shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before men- 
tioned, the supreme court shall have appellate jiu^isdiction, both as 
to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations 
as the congress shall make. 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be 
by jury ; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said 
crimes shall have been committed ; but when not committed within 
any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sect. 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving 
them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

The congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the })erson attainted. 



Judicial 
power. 



Tenure. 



Compensation. 



Judicial 
power, to what 
cases it ex- 
tends. 

130 Mass. 431. 
152 Mass. 230. 
173 Mass. 322. 
139 U. S. 240. 



See amend- 
ment XI. 



Orisrinal juris- 
diction of 
supreme court. 
Appellate. 



Trial Ijy jury, 
except, eitc. 
Trial, where. 



Treason 
defined. 



Proof of. 



Punishment 
of. 



Credit to 

public acts, 

etc., of every 

state. 

99 Mass. 267. 

116 Mass. 170. 

117 Mass. 107. 
122 Mass. IX. 
126 Mass. 26. 



ARTICLE IV. 

Sect. 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
state. And the congress may by general laws prescribe the manner 
in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and 

the effect tliereof. 142 Mass. 47. 149 Mass. 223. 133U. S. 107. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 9 

. Sect. 2. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all Privileges of 

. . , ..... . , 1 citizens ot 

privileges and immunities ot citizens m the several states. each state. 

3 Gray, 276. 152 Mass. 230 173 Mass. 322. 

11 Allen, 268. 157 Mass. 373. • 174 Mass. 29. 

A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other Fugitives from 
crime, who shall tlee from justice, and be found in another state, ^^eiivered up. 
shall, on demand of the executive authority of the state from which issMass'.m 
he lied, be delivered up to be removed to the state having jurisdic- 
tion of the crime. 

No person held to service or labor in one state, under the laws Persons held 

,^ n • • J. J.1 1 11 • X' 1 to service, hav- 

thereoi, escaping into another, shall, in consequence oi any law or ing escaped, to 
regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but 1^®'*^^^®''®*^ 
shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or 
labor may be due. 

Sect. 3. New states may be admitted by the congress into this Admission of 
Union ; but no new state shall be formed or erected within the juris- ^^^ 
diction of any other state ; nor any state be formed by the junction 
of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of 
the legislatures of the states concerned as well as of the congress. 

The congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful Power of con. 

o ^ 1 IT ^ gress over ter- 

rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property ritoryand 
belonging to the United States ; and nothing in this constitution 
shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, 
or of any particular state- 

Sect. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every state in Republican 
this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each ernment|uar. 
of them against invasion, and on application of the legislature, or Each*stateto 
of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against ^® protected. 
domestic violence. 

ARTICLE V. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it Constitution, 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this constitution, or, on the 
application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the several states, 
shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either 
case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this con- 
stitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several states, or by conventions in tliree-fourths thereof, as the one 
or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by congress ; pro- Proviso. 
vided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one 
thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner afl'ect the 
first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article ; and 
that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal 
sujSrage in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the certain debts, 
adoption of this constitution, shall be as valid against the United ^ •>* »?« • 
States under this constitution, as under the confederation. 

This constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall fS^tfoV* 
be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall treaties and' 

1 1 I'/'iTT'i L'j_ i 1 11 1 j^i laws of the 

be made, under the authority ot the United States, shall be the united states. 
supreme law of the land ; and the judges in every state shall be 
bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of any state to 
the contrary notwithstanding. 



10 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 



^ort conltHu. ^^^® senators and representatives before mentioned, and the mem- 
tion.bywiiom bers of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial 

oiBcers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be 
t^st^*^^*^^^"^ bound by oath or affirmation, to support this constitution ; but no 

religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office 

or public trust under the United States. 



What ratifica- 
tion shall 
establish con- 
stitution. 



AKTICLE VII. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be suffi- 
cient for the establishment of this constitution between the states so 
ratifying the same. 



ARTICLES 



Religious es- 
tablishment 
prohibited. 
Freedom of 
speech; of the 
press, and 
right to peti- 
tion. 

Right to keep 
and bear arms. 



No soldier to 
be quartered 
in any house, 
unless, etc. 

Right of search 
and seizure 
regulated. 



Provisions con- 
cerning prose- 
cutions, trials 
and punish- 
ments. 
1-2 Pick. 496. 
8 Gray, 3-29. 
1 Allen, 150. 
13 Allen, .5.54. 
105 Mass. 189. 
180 U. S. 311. 
Private prop- 
erty not to be 
taken for 
public use, 
without, etc. 
Further provi- 
sions respect- 
ing criminal 
prosecutions. 
108 Mass. 5. 
173 Mass. 322. 



IN ADDITION TO, AND AMENDMENT OF, 

TJie constitution of the United States of America, proposed by con- 
gress, and ratified hij the legislatures of the several states, pursuant 
to the fifth article of the original constitution. 

Art. I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establish- 
ment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridg- 
ing the freedom of speech, or of the press ; or the right of the 
people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for 
a redress of grievances. 

Art. II. A well regulated militia, being necessary to the 
security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

Art. III. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 
any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, 
but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

Art. IV. The right of the people to be secure in" their per- 
sons, houses, papers and efiects, against unreasonable searches and 
seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon 
probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly 
describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be 
seized. 

Art. V. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or 
otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of 
a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or 
in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public dan- 
ger ; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be 
twice put in jeopardy of life or limb ; nor shall be compelled in any 
criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law ; nor shall pri- 
vate property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Art. VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall 
enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury 
of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been com- 
mitted, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, 
and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be 
confronted with the witnesses against him ; to have compulsory proc- 
ess for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance 
of counsel for his defence. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. H 

Art. VII. In suits at common law, where the value in con- Right of trial 
troversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall secm-e§. 
be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-ex- ^ Gray, 144. 
amined in any court of the United States, than according to the 
rules of the common law. 

Art. VIII. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive Ban, fines, ami 

£i . T ij 1 'u J. • ^' J. J punishments. 

fanes imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments innicted. 

5 Gray, 482. 173 Muse. 322. 180 U. S. 311. 

Art. IX. The enumeration in the constitution, of certain Rule of con- 
rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained 
by the people. 

Art. X. The powers not delegated to the United States by the same subject. 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the 
states respectively, or to the people. 

Art. XI. The judicial power of the United States shall not same subject. 
be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or 
prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another 
state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state. 

Art. XII. The electors shall meet in their respective states. Manner of 
and vote by ballot for president and vice-president, one of whom, dentanl?fce-'' 
at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves ; p^^^***^^*- 
they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as president, 
and in distinct ballots the person voted for as vice-president, and 
they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as president, 
and of all persons voted for as vice-president, and of the number of 
votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit 
sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed 
to the president of the senate ; — the president of the senate shall, 
in presence of the senate and house of representatives, open all the 
certificates and the votes shall then be counted ; — the person having 
the greatest number of votes for president, shall be the president, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed ; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons 
having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those 
voted for as president, the house of representatives shall choose 
immediately, by ballot, the president. But in choosing the presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from 
each state having one vote ; a quorum for this purpose shall consist 
of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a major- 
ity of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the house 
of representatives shall not choose a president Avhenever the right 
of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March 
next following, then the vice-president shall act as president, as 
in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the 
president. 

The person having the greatest number of votes as vice-president, same subject, 
shall be the vice-president, if such number be a majority of the 
whole number of electors appointed, and if no person liave a major- 
ity, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the senate shall 
choose the vice-president ; a quorum for the purpose shall consist 
of two-thirds of the whole number of senators, and a majority of 
the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. 

But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of president '^*™® subject. 
shall be eligible to that of vice-president of the United States. 



12 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Slavery 
abolished. 



Appropriate 
legislation. 



Who are citi- 
zens of United 
States. 
Privileges of 
citizens not to 
be abridged. 
144 Mass. 10. 
147 Mass. 536. 
156 Mass. 57. 

158 Mass. 509, 

isOMass. 413. 

166 Mass. 347. 

167 Mass. '290. 
169 Mass. 387. 

Apportion- 
ment of repre- 
sentatives. 

159 Mass. 413. 



Certain per- 
sons who 
engaged in 
rebellion not 
to hold offices. 
U. S. Sts., 1898, 
389. 



Disability may 
be removed. 

Debt of United 
States not to 
be questioned. 



Debts incurred 
in aid of rebel- 
lion to be void, 
etc. 



Appropriate 
legislation. 

Right of citi- 
zenship not to 
be abridged. 
159 Mass. 413. 

Appropriate 
legislation. 



Art. Xm. Sect. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servi- 
tude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have 
been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 
place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Sect. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

Art. XIV. Sect. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the 
United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citi- 
zens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. 
No state shall make or enforce anv law which shall abridg^e the 
privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States ; nor shall 
any state deprive any person of life, libert}^ or property, without 
due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction 
the equal protection of the laws. no Mass. 328. 172 Mass. sii. 

173 Mass. 322, 498. 174 Mass. 29. 175 Mass. 71, 369. 169 U. S. 649. 

Sect. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the 
several states according to their respective numbers, counting the 
whole number of persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed. 
But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors 
for president and vice-president of the United States, representatives 
in congress, the executive and judicial officers of a state, or the 
members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male 
inhabitants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens 
of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for partici- 
pation in rebellion or other crmie, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male 
citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-ope 
years of age in such state. 

Sect. 3. No person shall be a senator, or representative in 
congress, or elector of president and vice-president, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, 
who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of congress, or 
as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legis- 
lature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support 
the constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insur- 
rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof. But congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each house, remove such disability. 

Sect. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, 
authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions 
and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, 
shall not be questioned. 

But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or pay 
any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion 
against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation 
of any slave ; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be 
held illegal and void. 

Sect. 5. The congress shall have power to enforce, by appro- 
priate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

Art. XV. Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to 
vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any 
state, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

Sect. 2. The congress shall have j^ower to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 13 

[Note. The constitution was adopted September 1", 1787, by the unanimous consent of the 
states present in the convention appointed in pursuance of the resolution of the congress of the 
confederation of February 31, 1787, and was ratified by the conventions of the several states, as 
follows, viz. : By convention of Delaware, December 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; New 
Jersey, December 18, 1787; Georgia, January 2, 1788; Connecticut, January 9, 1788; Massachusetts, 
February 6, 1788; Maryland, April 28, 1786; iiouth Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hampshire, June 
21, 1788; Virginia, June 26, 1788; New York, July 26, 1788; North Carolina, November 21, 1789; 
Rhode Island, May 29, 1790. 

The first ten of the amendments were proposed at the first session of the first congi-ess of the 
United States, September 25, 1789, and were finally ratified by the constitutional number of states 
on December 15, 1791. The eleventh amendment was proposed at the first session of the third con- 
gress, March 5, 1794, and was declared in a message from the President of the United States to 
both houses of congress, dated January 8, 1798, to have been adopted by the constitutional num- 
ber of states. The twelfth amendment was proposed at tlie first session of the eighth congress, 
December 12, 1803, and was adopted by the constitutional number of states in 1804, according to 
a public notice thereof by the secretary of state, dated September 25 of the same year. 

The thirteenth amendment was proposed to the legislatures of the several states by the thirty- 
eighth congress on February 1, 1865, and was declared, in a proclamation of the secretary of state, 
dated December 18, 1S65, to have been ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the states. 

The fourteenth amendment was proposed to the legislatures of the several states by the thirty- 
ninth congress, on June 16, 1866. 

On July 20, 1868, the secretary of state of the United States issued his certificate, setting out 
that it appeared by official documents on file in the department of state that said amendment had 
been ratified by the legislatures of the states of Connecticut, Neiv Hampshire, Tennessee, New Jer. 
sey, Oregon, Vermont, New York, Ohio, Illinois, West Virginia, Kansas, Maine, Nevada, Missouri, 
Indiana, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Massachusetts, Nebraska 
and Iowa, and by newly established bodies avowing themselves to be and acting as the legislatures 
of the states of Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Alabama ; that 
the legislatures of Ohio and New Jersey had since passed resolutions withdrawing the consent of 
those states to said amendment; that the whole number of states in the United States was thirty- 
seven, that the twenty-three states first above named and the six states next above named together, 
constituted three-fourths of the whole number of states, and certifying that if the resolutions of 
Ohio and New Jersey, ratifying said amendment were still in force, notwithstanding their subse- 
quent resolutions, then said amendment had been ratified and so become valid as part of the 
constitution. 

On July 21, 1868, congress passed a resolution reciting that the amendment had been ratified by 
Connecticut, Tennessee, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont, West Virginia, Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, 
Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, New York, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Michigan, Nevada, 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Maine, Iowa, Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, Ala- 
bama, South Carolina and Louisiana, being three-fourths of the several states of the Union, and 
declaring said fourteenth article to be a part of the constitution of the United States and making 
it the duty of the secretary of state to duly promulgate it as such. 

On July 28, 1868, the secretary of state issued his certificate, reciting the above resolution, and 
stating that official notice had been received at the department of state that action had been 
taken by the legislatures of the states in relation to said amendment, as follows : " It was ratified 
in A.D. 1866, by Connecticut, June 30; New Hampshire, July 7; Tennessee, July 19; Oregon, Septem- 
ber 19; Fisrmo«<, November 9. In A.D. 1867, by iVew loj- A:, .January 10; Illinois,. Jnux^ary 15; West 
Virginia, January 16; Kansas, January 18; Maine, .January 19; Nevada, January 22; Missouri, 
January 26; /»(ZiV/n«, January 29; Minnesota, 'Pebruaxy \; Rhode Island, February 1 ; Wisconsin, 
February 13; Pennsylvania, February 13; Michigan, February 15; Massachusetts, March 20; Ne. 
braska, June 15. In A.D. 1868, by Iowa, April 3; Arkansas, April 6; Florida, June 9; Louisiana, 
July 9; and Alabama, July 13. 

" It was first ratified and the ratification subsequently withdrawn by New Jersey, ratified 
September 11, 1866, withdrawn April, 1868; Ohio, ratified January 11, 1867, and withdrawn Jan- 
uary, 1868. 

" It was first rejected and then ratified by Georgia, rejected November 13, 1866, ratified July 21, 
1868; North Carolina, rejected December 4, 1866, ratified July 4,1868; South Carolina, rejected 
December 20, 1866, and ratified July 9, 1868. 

" It was rejected by Texas, November 1, 1866; Virginia, January 9, 1867; Kentucky, January 10, 
1867; Delaware, February 7, 1867; and Maryland, March 23, 1867." 

And on said July 28, 1868, and in execution of the act proposing the amendment and of the con- 
current resolution of congress above mentioned and in jiursuance thereof, the secretary of state 
directed that said amendment to the constitution be published in the newspapers authorized to 
promulgate the laws of the United States, and certified that it had been adopted in the manner 
above specified by the states named in said resolution, and that it " has become valid to all intents 
and purposes as a part of the constitution of the United States." 

Subsequently it was ratified by Virginia, October 8, 1869, by Georgia, again February 2, 1870, 
and by Texas, February 18, 1870. 

The fifteenth amendment was proposed to the legislatures of the several states ))y the fortieth 
congress on February 27, 1869, and was declared, in a proclamation of the secretarj- of state, dated 
March 30, 1870, to have been ratified by the constitutional number of states and to have " become 
valid to aU intents and purposes as part of the constitution of the United States."] 



CONSTITUTION 

OR 

FORM OF GOVERNMENT 



FOR THE 



^ommonrDealtl) of ilta00acl)U0ett0. 



PREAMBLE. 



Objects of government. - 
formed. — Its nature. 



■ Body politic, how 



PAET THE FIRST. 
Article 

1. Equality and natural rights of all men. 

2. Eight and duty of public religious worship. 

— Protection therein. 

3. Legislature empowered to compel provision 
for public worship; and to enjoin attend- 
ance thereon. — Exclusive right of electing 
religious teachers secured. — Option as to 
whom parochial taxes may be paid, unless, 
etc. — All denominations equally protected. 

— Subordination of one sect to another pro- 
hibited. 

4. Right of self-government secured. 

5. Accountability of all officers, etc. 

6. Services rendered to the public being the 
only title to peculiar privileges, hereditary 
offices are absurd and unnatural. 

7. Objects of government ; right of peojjle to 
institute and change it. 

8. Right of people to secure rotation in office. 

9. All, having the qualifications prescribed, 
equally eligible to office. 

10. Right of protection and duty of contribu- 
tion correlative. — Taxation founded on 
consent. — Private property not to be taken 
for public uses without, etc. 

11. Remedies, by recourse to the law, to be 
free, complete and prompt. 

12. Prosecutions regulated. — Right to trial by 
jury in criminal cases, except, etc. 

13. Crimes to be proved in the vicinity. 

14. Right of search and seizure regulated. 

15. Right to trial by jury sacred, except, etc. 

16. Liberty of the press. 

17. Right to keep and bear arms. — Standing 
armies dangerous. — Military power subor- 
dinate to civil. 

18. Moral qualifications for office. — Moral ob- 
ligations of lawgivers and magistrates. 

19. Right of people to instruct representatives 
and petition legislature. 



[15] 



Article 

20. Power to suspend the laws, or their execu- 
tion. 

21. Freedom of debate, etc., and reason thereof. 

22. Frequent sessions, and objects thereof. 
28. Taxation founded on consent. 

24. Ex post facto laws prohibited. 

25. Legislature not to convict of treason, etc. 

26. Excessive bail or lines, and cruel punish- 
ments, iDrohibited. 

27. No soldier to be quartered in any house, 
unless, etc. 

28. Citizens exempt from law-martial, unless, 
etc. 

29. Judges of supreme judicial court. — Tenure 
of their office. — Salaries. 

80. Separation of executive, judicial and legis- 
lative departments. 

PART THE SECOND. 

FRAME OF GOVERNMENT. 

Title of body politic. 

CHAPTER L 

Section l. 
Article 

1. Legislative department. 

2. Governor's veto. — Bill may be passed by 
two-thirds of each house, notwithstanding. 

3. General court may constitute judicatories, 
courts of record, etc. — Courts, etc., may 
administer oaths. 

4. General court may enact laws, etc., not re- 
pugnant to the constitution; may provide 
for the election or appointment of officers; 
prescribe their duties ; impose taxes, duties 
and excises, to be disposed of for defence, 
protection, etc. — Valuation of estates, once 
in ten years, at least, while, etc. 

Section 2. 
Article 

1. Senate, number of, and by whom elected. 
— Counties to be districts, until, etc. 

2. Manner and time of choosing senators and 
councillors. — Word " inhabitant," defined. 



16 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Akticle 

— Selectmen to preside at town meetings. 

— Return of votes. — Inhabitants of un- 
incorporated plantations, who pay state 
taxes, may vote.— Plantation meetings.- 
Assessors to notify, etc. 

3. Governor and council to examine and count 
votes, and issue summonses. 

4. Senate to be final judges of elections, etc., 
of its own members. — Vacancies, bow 
filled. 

5. Qualifications of a senator. 

6. Senate not to adjourn more than two days. 

7. shall choose its officers and establish its 
rules. 

8. shall try all impeachments. — Oath. — 
Limitation of sentence. 

9. quorum. 

Section 3. 
Article 

1. Representation of the people. 

2. Representatives, by whom chosen. — Pro- 
viso as to towns having less than 150 rata- 
ble polls. — Towns liable to fine in case, 
etc. — Expenses of travelling to and from 
the general court, how paid. 

3. Qualifications of a representative. 

4. Qualifications of a voter. 

5. Representatives, when chosen. 

6. House alone can impeach. 

7. House to originate all money bills. 

8. not to adjourn more than two days. 

9. quorum. 

10. to judge of returns, etc., of its own mem- 
bers; to choose its officers and establish 
its rules, etc. — May punish for certain 
offences. — Privileges of members. 

11. Senate. — Governor and council may pun- 
ish.— General limitation. — Trial may be 
by committee, or otherwise. 



CHAPTER II. 

Section 1. 
Article 

1. Governor. — His title. 

2. to l)e chosen annually. — Qualifications. 

3. to be chosen by the people, by a majority 
of votes. — How chosen, when no person 
has a majority. 

4. Power of governor, and of governor and 
council. 

5. Same subject. 

6. Governor and council may adjourn gen- 
eral court in cases, etc., but not exceeding 
ninety days. 

7. Governor to be commander-in-chief. — Lim- 
itation. 

8. Governor and council may pardon offences, 
except, eK^'.- But not before conviction. 

9. All judicial officers, etc., how nominated 
and appointed. 

10. Militia oflicers, how elected. — How com- 
missioned. — Election of officers. — Major- 
generals, how appointed and commis- 
sioned. — Vacamnes, how filled, in case, 
etc. — Officers, duly commissioned, how 
removed.- Adjutants, etc., how appointed. 
— Organization of militia. 

11. Money, how drawn from the treasury, ex- 
cept, etc. 

1-2. All public boards, etc., to make quarterly 
returns. 



Article 
13. Salary of governor. — Salaries of justices 

of supreme judicial court. — Salaries to be 

enlarged, if insufficient. 

Section 2. 
Article 

1. Lieutenant-governor; his title and qualifica- 
tions. — How chosen. 

2. President of council. — Lieutenant-gov- 
ernor a member of, except, etc. 

3. Lieutenant-governor to be acting governor, 
in case, etc. 

Section 3. 
Article 

1. Council. 

2. Number; from whom, and how chosen. — 
If senators become councillors, their seats 
to be vacated. 

3. Rank of councillors. 

4. No district to have more than two. 

5. Register of council. 

6. Council to exercise the power of governor 
in case, etc. 

7. Elections may be adjourned until, etc. — 
Order thereof. 

Section 4. 
Article 

1. Secretary, etc., by whom and how chosen. 
— Treasurer ineligible for more than five 
successive years. 

2. Secretary to keep records, to attend the 
governor and council, etc. 



CHAPTER III. 
Article 

1. Tenure of all commissioned officers to be 
expressed. — Judicial officers to hold office 
during good behavior, except, etc. — But 
may l)e removed on address. 

2. Justices of supreme judicial court to give 
opinions, when required. 

3. Justices of the peace; tenure of their office. 

4. Provisions for holding probate courts. 

5. Provisions for determining causes of mar- 
riage, divorce, etc. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Delegates to congress. 



CHAPTER V. 

Section l. 
Article 

1. Harvard college. — Powers, privileges, etc., 
of the president and fellows, confirmed. 

2. All gifts, grants, etc., confirmed. 

3. Who shall be overseers. — Power of altera- 
tion reserved to the legislature. 

Section 2. 
Duty of legislatures and magistrates in all 
future periods. 

CHAPTER VI. 
Article 

1. Oaths of allegiance and office, etc. 

2. Plurality of offices prohibited to governor, 
etc., except, etc. — Incompatible offices. — 
Bribery, eUi., disqualify. 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



17 



Article 
3. Value of money ascertained. — Property 

qualifications may be increased. 
i. Provisions respecting commissions. 

5. Provisions respecting writs. 

6. Continuation of former laws, except, etc. 

7. Benefit of habeas corpus secured, except, 
etc. 

8. The enacting style. 

9. Ofiicers of former government continued 
imtil, etc. 

10. Provision for revising constitution. 

11. Provision for preserving and publishing 
this constitution. 



AMENDftlENTS. 
Article 

1. Bill, etc., not approved within five days, 
not to become a law, if legislature adjourn 
in the mean time. 

2. General court empowered to charter cities. 

— Proviso. 

3. Qualifications of voters for governor, lieu- 
tenant-governor, senators and representa- 
tives. 

4. Notaries public, how appointed and re- 
moved. — Vacancies in the office of secre- 
tary and treasurer, how filled, in case, etc. 

— Commissary-general may be appointed, 
in case, etc. — Militia ofiicers, how re- 
moved. 

5. Who may vote for captains and subalterns. 

6. Oath to be taken by all ofiicers; or aflirma- 
tion in case, etc. 

7. Tests abolished. 

8. Incompatibility of offices. 

9. Amendments to constitution, how made. 

10. Commencement of political year; and ter- 
mination. — Meetings for choice of gov- 
ernor, lieutenant-governor, etc., when to 
be held. — May be adjourned. — Article, 
when to go into operation. — Inconsistent 
provisions annulled. 

11. Religious freedom established. 

12. Census of ratable polls. — Representatives, 
how apportioned. 

13. Census of inhabitants. — Senatorial dis- 
tricts. — Apportionment of representatives 
and councillors. — Freehold as a qualifica- 
tion for a seat in general court or council 
not required. 

14. Election by people to be by plxirality. 

15. Time of annual election of governor and 
legislatxire. 



Article 

16. Eight councillors, how chosen. — State to 
be districted. — Eligibility defined. — Day 
and manner of election. — Vacancies, how 
filled. — Organization of government. 

17. Election of secretary, treasurer, auditor 
and attorney-general by the people. — Va- 
cancies, how filled. — To qualify within ten 
days. — Qualifications. 

18. School money not to be applied for secta- 
rian schools. 

19. Legislature to prescribe for election of 
sheriflfs, registers of probate, etc., by the 
people. 

20. Reading constitution in English and writ- 
ing, necessary qualifications of voters. — 
Proviso. 

21. Census of voters and inhabitants. — House 
of representatives to consist of 240 mem- 
bers. — Legislature to apportion, etc. — 
Qualifications of representatives, and num- 
ber for quorum. 

22. Census of voters and inhabitants. — Sen- 
ate to consist of 40 members. — Senato- 
rial districts. — Proviso. — Qualifications 
of senators, and number for quorum. 

23. Residence of two years required of nat-" 
uralized citizens to entitle to suffrage, or 
make eligible to office. Repealed. 

24. Vacancies in the senate. 

25. Vacancies in the council. 

26. Twenty -third article repealed. 

27. Officers of Harvard College may be elected 
members of the general court. 

28. Persons having served in the U. S. army 
or navy, etc., not to be disqualified from 
voting, etc. 

29. Voting precincts in towns. 

30. Voters not disqualified by reason of change 
of residence until six months from time of 
removal. 

31. Amendments, Art. XXVIII., amended. 

32. Provisions of amendments, Art. III., rela- 
tive to paj-ment of a tax as a voting qualifi- 
cation, annulled. 

33. Quorum, in each branch of the general 
court, to consist of a majority of members. 

34. Provisions of Art. II., § I., chap. II., rela- 
tive to property qualification of governor, 
annulled. 

35. Provisions of Art. II., § III., chap. I., rela- 
tive to the expense of travelling to the gen- 
eral assembly by members of the house, 
annulled. 

36. Amendments, Art. XIX., amended. 



PEEAMBLE. 

The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of oi^jectsof 

... , . /. 1 1 1. . government. 

government, is to secure the existence of the body pohtic, to pro- 
tect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it wdth the power 
of enjoying in safety and tranquillity their natural rights, and the 
blessings of life : and whenever these great objects are not obtained, 
the people have a right to alter the government, and to take meas- 
ures necessary for their safety, prosperity, and happiness. 

The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of indi- Body pontic, 
viduals : it is a social compact, by which the whole people covenants its natme. 
with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all 



18 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



shall be governed by certain laws for the common good. It is the 
duty of the people, therefore, in framing a constitution of govern- 
ment, to provide for an equitable mode of making laws, as well as 
for an impartial interpretation and a faithful execution of them ; 
that every man may, at all times, find his security in them. 

We, therefore, the people of Massachusetts, acknowledging, with 
grateful hearts, the goodness of the great Legislator of the universe, 
in aftbrding us, in the course of His providence, an opportunity, 
deliberately and peaceably, without fraud, violence, or surprise, of 
entering into an original, explicit, and solemn compact with each 
other ; and of forming a new constitution of civil government, for 
ourselves and posterity ; and devoutly imploring His direction in 
so interesting a design, do agree upon, ordain, and establish, the 
following Dedaration of Rights^ arid Frame of Government, as the 
Constitution of the Coalvionivealth of Massachusetts. 



Equality and 
natural rights 
of all men. 
99 Mass. 404. 
155 Mass. 117. 
163 Mass. 589. 
172 Mass. 311. 



Right and duty 
of public reli- 

fious worship, 
'rotection 
therein. 
20 Pick. 206, 219. 
2 Cush. 104. 
12 Allen, 127. 



Amendment, 
Art. XI. substi- 
tuted for this. 



Legislature 
empowered to 
compel provi- 
sion for public 
worship ; 



— and to enjoin 

attendance 

thereon. 



PAET THE FIRST. 

A. Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Article I. All men are born free and equal, and have certain 
natural, essential, and unalienable rights ; among which may be 
reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liber- 
ties ; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property ; in fine, 
that of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness. 

II. It is the right as well as the duty of all men in society, pub- 
licly, and at stated seasons, to worship the Supreme Being, the 
great Creator and Preserver of the universe. And no subject shall 
be hurt, molested, or restrained, in his person, liberty, or estate, 
for worshipping Gou in the manner and season most agreeable to the 
dictates of his own conscience ; or for his religious profession of 
sentiments ; provided he doth not disturb the public peace, or ob- 
struct others in their religious worship. 

III. [As the happiness of a people, and the good order and 
preservation of civil government, essentially depend upon piety, 
religion, and morality ; and as these cannot be generally diffused 
through a community but by the institution of the public worship 
of God, and of public instructions in piety, religion, and morality : 
Therefore, to promote tlieir happiness, and to secure the good order 
and preservation of their government, the people of this common- 
wealth have a right to invest their legislature with power to au- 
thorize and require, and the legislature shall, from time to time, 
authorize and require, the several towns, parishes, precincts, and 
other bodies politic, or religious societies, to make suitable provi- 
sion, at their own expense, for the institution of the yuiblic worship 
of God, and for the support and maintenance of public Protestant 
teachers of piety, religion, and morality, in all cases where such 
provision shall not be made voluntarily. 

And the people of this commonwealth have also a right to, and 
do, invest their legislature with authority to enjoin upon all the 
subjects an attendance upon the instructions of the public teachers 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 19 

aforesaid, at stated times and seasons, if there be any on whose in- 
structions they can conscientiously and conveniently attend. 

Provided, notwithstanding, that the several towns, parishes, pre- Exclusive 
cincts, and other bodies politic, or religious societies, shall, at all fnlrenglo^s' 
times, have the exclusive right of electing their public teachers, securedL 
and of contracting with them for their support and maintenance. 

And all moneys paid by the subject to the support of public option as to 
worship, and of the public teachers aforesaid, shall, if he require (^iiartixer 
it, be uniformly applied to the support of the public teacher or S^ies^l'ltc!'*' 
teachers of his own religious sect or denomination, provided there 
be any on whose instructions he attends ; otherwise it may be paid 
towards the support of the teacher or teachers of the parish or pre- 
cinct in which the said moneys are raised. 

And every denomination of Christians, demeaning themselves aii denomma- 
peaceably, and as good subjects of the commonwealth, shall be protected! ^ 
equally under the protection of the law : and no subordination of subordination 
any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be established ano°thtr pro-" 
by law.] i^»^**ed. 

IV. The people of this commonwealth have the sole and ex- Rigiit of self. 
elusive right of governing themselves, as a free, sovereign, and iSj,Sed"'^'^ 
independent state ; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise 

and enjoy every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not, or 
may not hereafter be, by them expressly delegated to the United 
States of America, in Congress assembled. 

V. All power residing originally in the people, and being de- Accountability 
rived from them, the several magistrates and officers of govern- o^.*" o^^'^^'s. 
ment, vested with authority, whether legislative, executive, *or 
judicial, are their substitutes and agents, and are at all times ac- 
countable to them. 

VI. No man, nor corporation, or association of men, have any services ren- 
other title to obtain advantages, or particular and exclusive privi- puwfc^be'ing 
leges, distinct from those of the community, than what arises from pecunar prlvi*'* 
the consideration of services rendered to the public ; and this title [afy^offices'are 
beinof in nature neither hereditary, nor transmissible to children, or absurd and 

o */ ' ' unniitural. 

descendants, or relations by blood, the idea of a man born a magis- le pick. 353. 

,,,.' 'j-i^jj ± 1 166 Mass. U, 

trate, lawgiver, or judge, is absurd and unnatural. 171. 

167 Mass. 290. 175 Mass. 599. 

VII. Government is instituted for the common good; for the objects of gov- 
protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness of the people; and pf"^opieto^'^* 
not for the profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, change^it?''** 
or class of men : Therefore the people alone have an incontestable, i66Mas8. u. 
unalienable, and indefeasible right to institute government ; and to 

reform, alter, or totally change the same, when their protection, 
safety, prosperity, and happiness require it. 

VIII. In order to prevent those who are vested with authority Right of people 
from becoming oppressors, the people have a right, at such periods tfon^fno'iHce.*" 
and in such manner as they shall establish by their frame of govern- 
ment, to cause their public officers to return to priv^ate life ; and to fill 

up vacant places by certain and regular elections and appointments. 

IX. All elections ought to be free ; and all the inhabitants of aii having the 

111- 1 /> • I 11 qualifications 

this commonwealth, having such qualifications as they shall establish prescribed, 
by their frame of government, have an equal right to elect officers, to office. 
and to be elected, for public employments. tiono/"in°' 

122 Mass. 595. 160 Mass. 586. au'lf Sect.^2*^ 

Art. il. ' ' 



20 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Right of pro- 
tection and 
duty of contri- 
bution correla- 
tive. 

Taxation 
founded on 
consent. 
16 Mass. 3-26. 

I Picls. 418. 
7 rick. 344. 
1-2 Pick. 184, 
467. 

16 Pick. 87. 
•23 Pick. 360. 
7 Met. 388. 

II Met. 55. 

1 Gray, 1. 

2 Gray, 1. 

4 Gray, 474. 
7 Gray, 359. 
Private prop- 
erty not to be 
taken for 
public uses 
without, etc. 
6 Gush. 3-27. 



Remedies, by 

recourse to the 

law, to be free, 

complete and 

prompt. 

99 Mass. 404. 



Prosecutions 
regulated. 
8 Pick. -211. 
10 Pick. 9. 
18 Pick. iU. 
2 Met. 3-29. 
1 Grav, 1. 
5 Grav, 160. 
99 Mass. 404. 
103 Mass. 418. 
107 Mass. 172. 
109 Mass. 349. 
114 Mass. 230, 

120 Mass. lis. 
122 Mass. 330. 

126 Mass. 250. 

127 Mass. 450, 
560. 

I:i9 Mass. 489, 

559. 

130 Mass. 35. 



Right to trial 
by'jury in 
criminal cases, 
except, etc.. 
8 Gray, 329, 373. 

Crimes to be 
proved in the 
vicinity. 
2 Pick. S.'iO. 
121 Mass. 61. 

Right of search 
and seizure 
regulated. 
Const, of U. S., 
Amend't IV. 
21 Pick. 1.56. 
2 Met. 329. 
5 Met. 98. 
5 Cush. 369. 
1 Grav, 1. 
13 Gray, 454. 
10 Allen, 403. 
10!J Mass. 13(!. 
126 Mass. 269. 
1.32 Mass. 12. 
172 Mass. 311. 



Right to trial 
by jury sacred, 
except, etc. 



X. Each individual of the society has a right to be protected 
by it in the enjoyment of his life, liberty, and property, according 
to standing laws. He is obliged, consec^uently, to contribute his 
share to the expense of this protection ; to give his personal service, 
or an equivalent, when necessary : but no part of the property of 
an}^ individual can, with justice, be taken from him, or applied to 
public uses, without his own consent, or that of the representative 
body of the people. In fine, the people of this commonwealth are 
not controllable by any other laws than those to which their consti- 
tutional representative body have given their consent. And when- 
ever the public exigencies requu'e that the property of any individual 
should be appropriated to public uses, he shall receive a reasonable 
compensation therefor. 



7 Cush. 53. 
10 Cush. 295. 
14 Gray, 155. 
16 Gray, 417. 
1 Allen, l.iO. 
12 Allen, 223, 230. 



99 Mass. 404. 

100 Mass. 544, 560. 
103 Mass. 120, 624. 
106 Mass. 3.i6. 

108 Mass. 202, 213. 
Ill Mass. 130. 



126 Mass. 438. 

127 Mass. 60, 408 
129 Mass. 559. 
132 Mass. 12. 
136 Mass. 75. 
142 Mass. 394. 



151 Mass. 285. 

152 Mass. 540. 

158 Mass. 609. 

160 Mass. 62. 

161 Mass. 302. 

159 U. S. 380. 



XI. Every subject of the commonw^ealth ought to find a certain 
remedy, by having recourse to the laws, for all injuries or wrongs 
which he may receive in his person, property, or character. He 
ought to obtain right and justice freely, and without being obliged 
to purchase it ; completely, and without an}^ denial ; promptly, and 
without delay ; conformably to the Jaws. 

XII. No subject shall be held to answer for any crimes or oifence, 
until the same is fully and plainly, substantially and formally, de- 
scribed to him ; or be compelled to accuse, or furnish evidence 
against himself. And every subject shall have a right to produce 
all proofs that may be favorable to him ; to meet the witnesses 
against him face to face, and to be fully heard in his defence by 
himself, or his counsel, at his election. And no subject shall be 
arrested, imprisoned, despoiled, or deprived of his property, immu- 
nities, or privileges, put out of the protection of the law, exiled, 
or deprived of his life, liberty, or estate, but by the judgment of 
his peers, or the law of the land. 



132 Mass. 12. 
13S Mass. 344. 
141 Mass. 203. 
143 Mass. 124. 



149 Mass. 5.50. 

150 Mass. 66. 
152 Mass. .540. 
158 Mass. 598. 



163Mass. 411, .581. 
165 Mass. 133. 
169Mass. 387, 417. 
170 Mass. 328. 



172 Mass. 311. 

173 Mass. 322, 498. 
175 Mass. 71. 

159 U. S. 380. 



And the legislature shall not make any law that shall subject any 
person to a capital or infamous punishment, excepting for the gov- 
ernment of the army and navy, without trial by jury. 103 Mass. 4i8. 

XIH. In criminal prosecutions, the verification of facts, in the 
vicinity ^vhere they happen, is one of the greatest securities of the 
life, liberty, and property of the citizen. 1.51 Mass. 419. 

XIY. Every subject has a right to be secure from all unreason- 
able searches, and seizures, of his person, his houses, his papers, 
and all his possessions. All warrants, therefore, are contrary to 
this right, if the cause or foundation of them be not previously sup- 
ported by oath or affirmation, and if the order in the warrant to a 
civil officer, to make search in suspected places, or to arrest one or 
more suspected persons, or to seize their property, be not accom- 
panied with a special designation of the persons or objects of search, 
arrest, or seizure : and no warrant ought to be issued but in cases, 
and Avith the formalities proscribed ))y the laws. 

XV. In all controversies concerning property, and in all suits 
between two oi- more jtersons, except in cases in which it has here- 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 21 

tofore been otherways used and practised, the parties have a right A^^^^^lyii'' 
to a trial by jurj^ ; and this method of procedure shall be held sacred, 2 pick. 382. 
unless, in causes arisinoj on the hio-h seas, and such as relate to 5 Gray, 144. 

. 11 Allen 574 

mariners' wages, the legislature shall hereafter find it necessary to 99 Mass.'404.' 

alter it. 122 Mass. 505, 516. 128 Mass. 600. 137 Mass. 483. 163 Mass. 446. 114 Mas^' W 

123 Mass. 590, 593. 130 Mass. 236. 143 Mass. 54:i. 173 Mass. 68. 120 M'lfis m' 

125 Mass. 182, 188. 132 Mass. 354. 152 Mass. 416. 176 Mass. 229. 

XVI. The liberty of the press is essential to the security of free- Liberty of the 
dom in a state: it ouo^ht not, therefore, to be restrained in this 3pfck. 304. 

UU 20 Pick. 206. 

commonwealth. 151 Mass. 50. 

XVII. The people have a right to keep and to bear arms for the Rigiittokeep 
common defence. And as, in time of peace, armies are dangerous standfn^''""^' 
to liberty, they ought not to be maintained without the consent of ge'rous.'^Mii- 
the legislature ; and the military power shall always be held in an subordinate to 
exact subordination to the civil authority, and be governed by it. cJ^n. 

5 Gray, 121. 166 Mass. 171. 

XVm. A frequent recurrence to the fundamental principles of ll^f^l^^f^^^^' 
the constitution, and a constant adherence to those of piety, justice, office. 
moderation, temperance, industry, and frugality, are absolutely 
necessary to preserve the advantages of liberty, and to maintain a 
free government. The people ought, consequently, to have a par- 
ticular attention to all those principles, in the choice of their officers 
and representatives : and they have a right to require of their law- Moral obisga. 
givers and magistrates an exact and constant observance of them, in gH^rsam"" 
the formation and execution of the laws necessary for the good ad- '"'"'g'^^rates. 
ministration of the commonwealth. 

XIX. The people have a right, in an orderly and peaceable Right of people 
manner, to assemble to consult upon the common good ; give in- resentatiylr^' 
structions to their representatives, and to request of the legislative wlsyature." 
body, by the way of addresses, petitions, or remonstrances, redress JiV Ma^g^"2i4 
of the wrongs done them, and of the grievances they sufi'er. i56Mass. 57. 

XX. The power of suspending the laws, or the execution of the Power to sus- 
laws, ought never to be exercised but by the legislature, or by au- OT^heir^execu- 
thority derived from it, to be exercised in such particular cases only 5Hiass. 396. 
as the legislature shall expressly provide for. 

XXI. The freedom of deliberation, speech, and debate, in either Freedom of 
house of the legislature, is so essential to the rights of the people, amfrlaBon' 
that it cannot be the foundation of any accusation or prosecution, 4 M-fs^s'i, 20. 
action or complaint, in any other court or place whatsoever. 

XXn. The legislature ought frequently to assemble for the re- Frequent ses- 
dress of grievances, for correcting, strengthening, and confirming the fecrs^thTreof!" 
laws, and for making new laws, as the common good may require. 

XXIII. No subsidy, charge, tax, impost, or duties ought to be Taxation 
established, fixed, laid, or levied, under any pretext whatsoever, consent. "" 
without the consent of the people or their representatives in the ^^^^^n, 247. 
legislature. 

XXIV. Laws made to punish for actions done before the existence ex post facto 
of such laws, and which have not been declared crimes by preceding hibited. 
laws, are unjust, oppressive, and inconsistent with the fundamental lEs'iMifss. les. 
principles of a free government. 173 Mass. 322. 172 Mass'. 264'. 

XXV. No subject ought, in any case, or in any time, to be Legislature 
declared guilty of treason or felony by the legislature. of treason, etc. 

XXVI. No mamstrate or court of law shall demand excessive Excessive ban 

• or liiiGS siiicl 

bail or sureties, impose excessive fines, or inflict cruel or unusual cruel punish- 

punishmentS. ISS Mass. oOS. 165 Mass. 66. 172 Mass. 311. 173 Mass. 322. 180 U. S. 311. hlMted.^*^" 

5 Gray, 4S2. 



99 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



No soldier to 
be quartered 
in any liouse, 
unless, etc. 



Citizens ex- 
empt from law- 
martial, 
unless, etc. 



Judges of 
supreme judi- 
cial court. 

3 Pick. 471. 

1 Grav, 47-2. 
5 Gray, 185, 
223, 232. 

4 Allen, 591. 
7 Allen, 385. 
105 Mass. 219, 
225 

riSMass. 190. 
134 Mass. 314, 
324. 

Tenure of their 

office. 

Salaries. 

Separation of 
executive, judi- 
cial, and legis- 
lative depart- 
ments. 
23 Pick. 334. 

7 Met. 3S8. 

2 Custi. 577. 
2 Allen, 361. 

8 Allen, 247, 
253. 



XXVII. In time of peace, no soldier ought to be quartered in 
any house without the consent of the owner ; and in time of war, 
such quarters ought not to be made but by the civil magistrate, in 
a manner ordained by the legislature. 

XXVIII. No person can in any case be subject to law-martial, 
or to any penalties or pains, by virtue of that law, except those em- 
ployed in the army or navy, and except the militia in actual service, 
but by authority of the legislature. 

XXIX. It is essential to the preservation of the rights of every 
individual, his life, liberty, property, and character, that there be 
an mipartial interpretation of the laws, and administration of justice. 
It is the right of every citizen to be tried by judges as free, impar- 
tial, and independent as the lot of humanity will admit. It is, there- 
fore, not only the best policy, but for the security of the rights of 
the people, and of every citizen, that the judges of the supreme 
judicial court should hold their offices as long as they behave them- 
selves well ; and that they should have honorable salaries ascertained 
and established by standing laws. 

XXX. In the government of this commonwealth, the legislative 
department shall never exercise the executive and judicial powers, 
or either of them : the executive shall never exercise the legislative 
and judicial powers, or either of them : the judicial shall never ex- 
ercise the legislative and executive powers, or either of them : to 
the end it may be a government of laws and not of men. 



100 Mass. 282, 544. 
103 Mass. 267. 



114 Mass. 247. 
116 Mass. 317. 



129 Mass. 559. 
148 Mass. 148. 



174 Mass. 514. 

175 Mass. 71. 



Title of body 
politic. 



PART THE SECOND. 

The Frame of Government. 

The people, inhabiting the territory formerly called the Province 
of Massachusetts Bay, do hereby solemnly and mutually agree with 
each other, to form themselves into a free, sovereign, and inde- 
pendent body politic, or state, by the name of The Commonwealth 
OF Massachusetts. 



CHAPTER I. 



Legislative 
depaitment. 



For change of 
time, etc., see 
amendments, 
Art. X. 



Governor's 

veto. 

99 Mass. 636. 



THE LEGISLATIVE POWER. 

Section I. The General Court. 

Article I. The department of legislation shall be formed by 
two branches, a Senate and House of Representatives ; each of 
which shall have a negative on the other. 

The legislative body shall assemble every year [on the last 
Wednesday in May, and at such other times as they shall judge 
necessary ; and shall dissolve and be dissolved on the day next pre- 
ceding the said last Wednesday in May ;] and shall be styled, The 
General Court of Massachusetts. 

II. No bill or resolve of the senate or house of representatives 
shall become a law, and have force as such, until it shall have been 
laid before the governor for his revisal ; and if he, upon such re- 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 23 

vision, approve thereof, he shall signify his approbation by signing 
the same. But if he liave any objection to the passing of such bill 
or resolve, he shall return the same, together with his objections 
thereto, in writing, to the senate or house of representatives, in 
whichsoever the same shall have originated ; who shall enter the 
objections sent down by the governor, at large, on theu* records, 
and proceed to reconsider the said bill or resolve. But if after Bnimaybe 
such reconsideration, two-thirds of the said senate or house of Fwrd's of ^a^h ' 
representatives, shall, notwithstanding the said objections, agree sundiifg.'^^^^*^' 
to pass the same, it shall, together with the objections, be sent to 
the other branch of the legislature, where it shall also be reconsid- 
ered, and if approved by two-thirds of the members present, shall 
have the force of a law: but in all such cases, the votes of both 
houses shall be determined by yeas and nays ; and the names of 
the persons voting for, or against, the said bill or resolve, shall be 
entered upon the public records of the commonwealth. 

And in order to prevent unnecessary delays, if any bill or resolve For exception 
shall not be returned by the governor within five days after it shall jourament'of 
have been presented, the same shall have the force of a law. court^vith/n 

3 Mass. 567. 13.5 Mass. 594. . 'sel amen!:"' 

III. The general court shall forever have full power and authority °ients, Art. i. 
to erect and constitute judicatories and courts of record, or other maycwisutu'te 
courts, to be held in the name of the commonwealth, for the hearing, court^'of mj- 
trying, and determining of all manner of crimes, offences, pleas, proc- 8^Gra^;i. 
esses, plaints, actions, matters, causes, and things, whatsoever, 12 Gray, u?. 
arising or happening within the commonwealth, or between or con- 
cerning persons inhabiting, or residing, or brought within the same : 
whether the same be criminal or civil, or whether the said crimes be 

capital or not capital, and whether the said pleas be real, personal, 
or mixed ; and for the awarding and making out of execution there- 
upon. To which courts and iudicatories are hereby given and courts, etc., 

, 1 f It 1 !•,• • . "^ ^ I . . may adniin- 

granted lull power and authority, irom time to time, to administer ister oaths. 
oaths or affirmations, for the better discovery of truth in any matter 476. * ' 
in controversy or depending before them. 

IV. And further, full power and authority are hereby given and may^enact"'^' 
granted to the said general court, from time to time to make, ordain, 9^q^^^*^26 
and establish, all manner of wholesome and reasonable orders, laws, 4 Alien, 466. 
statutes, and ordinances, directions and instructions, either with los Mass! 142.' 
penalties or without ; so as the same be not repugnant or contrary 144 Mass] 497. 
to this constitution, as they shall judge to be for the good and wel- }to Mass! 592! 
fare of this commonwealth, and for the government and ordering J^MasL"579' 
thereof, and of the subjects of the same, and for the necessary sup- |?-^ ^J''^»- H- 

. \ ^ r, i«i ir. 1 11 l.oS Mass. 299. 

port and detence 01 the government thereoi ; and to name and settle i«o Mass. 157, 
annually, or provide by fixed laws for the naming and settling, all leiMass.ei, 
civil officers within the said commonwealth, the election and con- i62'Ma88. 113, 
stitution of whom are not hereafter in this form of government tes'Ma^ss. .589. 
otherwise provided for; and to set forth the several duties, powers, le* Mass. 54, 
and limits, of the several civil and military officers of this common- J^s Mass. 462. 

, , ' , - /> 1 -V. . 1 11 166 Mass. 83. 

wealth, and the lorms 01 such oaths or affirmations as shall be re- 172 Mass. 311. 
spectively administered unto them for the execution of their several 495. ^ ' * 
offices and places, so as the same be not repugnant or contrary to 175 Mass! 1I4', 
this constitution ; and to impose and levy proportional and reason- f^e Mass. 290. 
able assessments, rates, and taxes, upon all the inhabitants of, and Je? u! s! 43!*' 
persons resident, and estates lying, within the said commonwealth; -may enact 



24 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



laws, etc., not 
repugnant to 
the constitu- 
tion. 

4 Pick. 460. 
6 Allen, 3.'58. 
General court 
mtiy provide 
for the election 
or appoint- 
ment of 
officers. 
llo Mass. 602. 
138 Mass. 601. 

165 Mass. 599. 

166 Mass. 589. 
— may pre- 
scribe their 
duties. 



Valuation of 

estates once 

in ten years, 

at least, while, 

etc. 

8 Allen, 247. 

126 Mass. 547. 



and also to impose and lev}' reasonable duties and excises upon any 
produce, goods, wares, merchandise, and commodities, whatsoever, 
brought into, produced, manufactured, or being within the same ; 
to be issued and disposed of by warrant, under the hand of the gov- 
ernor of this commonwealth for the time being, with the advice and 
consent of the council, for the public service, in the necessary de- 
fence and support of the government of the said commonwealth, and 
the protection and preservation of the subjects thereof, according to 
such acts as are or shall be in force within the same. 



• may impose taxes, etc. 
14 Allen, 359. 

100 Mass. 282. 

101 Mass. 575. 
103 Mass. 267. 
114 Mass. 388. 
118 Mass. 386. 



8 Met. 180. 8 Allen, 247. 11 Allen, 268. 12 Allen, 223, 298, 312, 500. 

123 Mass. 493. 162 Mass. 113. 176 Mass. 9, 

125 Mass. 521. 165 Mass. 287, 599. 210, 247. 

127 Mass. 413. 166 Mass. Ul. 177 Mass. 434. 

133 Mass. 161. 172 Mass. 28. 125 U. S. 530. 

134 Mass. 419. 173 Mass. 71, 350. 141 U. S. 40. 
145 Mass. 108. 175 Mass. 242. 



— may impose taxes, etc., to be disposed of for defence, protection, etc. 

And while the public charges of government, or any part thereof, 
shall be assessed on polls and estates, in the manner that has hitherto 
been practised, in order that such assessments may be made with 
equality, there shall be a valuation of estates within the common- 
wealth, taken anew once in every ten years at least, and as much 
oftener as the general court shall order. 

For the authority of the general court to charter cities, see amendments. Art. II. 



CHAPTER I. 



Senate, num. 
ber of, and by 
whom elected. 
Superseded by 
amendments. 
Art. XIII., 
which was also 
superseded by 
amendments, 
Art. XXII. 
126 Mass. 547. 



For provision 
as to coun- 
cillors, see 
amendments, 
Art. XVI. 



Counties to be 
districts, until, 
etc. 



Manner and 
time of choos- 
ing senators 
and coun- 
cillors. See 
amendments. 
Arts. X. and 



Section II. Senate. 

Article I. [There shall be annuallj' elected, by the freeholders 
and other inhabitants of this commonwealth, qualified as in this con- 
stitution is provided, forty persons to be councilloi-s and senators 
for the year ensuing their election ; to be chosen by the inhabitants 
of the districts into which the commonwealth may, from time to 
time, be divided by the general court for that purpose : and the 
general court, in assigning the numbers to be elected by the respec- 
tive districts, shall govern themselves by the proportion of the 
public taxes paid by the said districts ; and timely make known to 
the inhabitants of the commonwealth the limits of each district, and 
the number of councillors and senators to be chosen therein ; pro- 
vided, that the number of such districts shall never be less than 
thirteen ; and that no district be so large as to entitle the same to 
choose more than six senators. 

And the several counties in this commonwealth shall, until the 
general court shall determine it necessary to alter the said districts, 
be districts for the choice of councillors and senators, (except that 
the counties of Dukes County and Nantucket shall form one district 
for that purpose) and shall elect the following number for councillors 
and senators, viz.: — Suflblk, six; Essex, six; Middlesex, five; 
Hampshire, four ; Plymouth, three ; Barnstable, one ; Bristol, tliree ; 
York, two; Dukes County and Nantucket, one; Worcester, five ,-^ 
Cumberland, one; Lincoln, one; Berksliire, two.] 

II. The senate shall be the first branch of the legislature ; and 
the senators shall be chosen in the following manner, viz. : there 
shall be a meeting on the [first Monday in April,] annually, for- 
ever, of the inhabitants of each town in the several counties of this 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 25 

commonwealth ; to be called by the selectmen, and warned in due xv. As to 
course of law, at least seven days before the [first Monday in April,] amendments, 
for the purpose of electing persons to be senators and councillors ; provisions as 
[and at such meetings every male inhabitant of twenty-one years of tfon" of *l^(?t«rs, 
age and upwards, having a freehold estate within the common- anSments^ 
wealth, of the annual income of three pounds, or any estate of the ^x vAV' '*''^'' 
value of sixty pounds, shall have a right to give in his vote for the sen- xxx, x'xxi. 
ators for the district of which he is an inhabitant.] And to remove word"'inii!it)i. 
all doubts concerning the meaning of the word " inhabitant" in this sec'^aiso''*^"^'^' 
constitution, every person shall be considered as an inhabitant, for A^rt.^xxnr,' 
the purpose of electing and being elected into any office, or place annuned^by 
within this state, in that town, district, or plantation where he ^J^A^y^- 

' ' '^ 5 Met. 587. 

dwelleth, or hath his home. le Gray, 337. 

122 Mass. 595, 597. 124 Mass. 132, 144. 132 Mass. 89. 

The selectmen of the several towns shall preside at such meetings selectmen to 
impartially ; and shall receive the votes of all the inhabitants of such meetings. 
towns present and qualified to vote for senators, and shall sort and 
count them in open town meeting, and in presence of the town Return of 
clerk, who shall make a fair record, in presence of the selectmen, 
and in open town meeting, of the name of every person voted for, 
and of the number of votes against his name : and a fair copy of ifmendmentsT^ 
this record shall be attested by the selectmen and the town clerk, ^^- ^^■ 
and shall be sealed up, directed to the secretary of the common- 
wealth for the time being, with a superscription, expressing the 
purport of the contents thereof, and delivered by the town clerk of 
such towns, to the sherift* of the county in which such town lies, 
thirty days at least before [the last Wednesday in May] annually ; ^*5*r*gt^{^"4^^a 
or it shall be delivered into the secretary's office seventeen days at day of Jan- 
least before the said [last Wednesday in May :] and the sherifi' of steamend- 
each county shall deliver all such certificates by him received, into ™*^°*^' 
the secretary's office, seventeen days before the said [last Wednes- 
day in May.] 

And the inhabitants of plantations unincorporated, qualified as inhabitants 
this constitution provides, who are or shall be empowered and re- iwrated pi.mta- 
quired to assess taxes upon themselves toward the support of gov- state taxesr*^^ 
ernmeut, shall have the same privilege of voting for councillors and m^yvote. 
senators in the plantations where they reside, as town inhabitants 
have in their respective towns ; and the plantation meetings for Plantation 
that purpose shall be held annually [on the same first Monday in Timeof eiec- 
April] , at such place in the plantations, respectively, as the assess- by ami^d?^ 
ors thereof shall direct ; which assessors shall have like authority xv!^^' ^^*' ■ 
for notifying the electors, collecting and returning the votes, as the QoUfy!*etc.^° 
selectmen and town clerks have in their several towns, by this con- 
stitution. And all other persons living in places unincorporated 
(qualified as aforesaid) who shall be assessed to the support of gov- 
ernment by the assessors of an adjacent town, shall have the privi- 
lege of srivinff in their votes for councillors and senators in the town 
where they shall be assessed, and be notified of the place of meeting 
by the selectmen of the town where they shall be assessed, for that 
purpose, accordingly. 

IIT. And that there may be a due convention of senators on Govemorand 
the [last Wednesday in May] annually, the governor with five of an^n^anV'"" 
the council, for the time being, shall, as soon as may be, examine the anTilsue'^^' 

summonses. . 



26 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Time changed 
to first Weanes- 
day in Jan- 
uary by 
amendments, 
Art. X. 
Majority 
changed to 
plurality by 
amendments, 
Art. XIV. 



Senate to be 
final judge of 
elections, etc., 
of its own 
members. 
115 Mass. 383. 
Time changed 
to first Wed- 
nesday of Jan- 
uary by 
amendments, 
Art. X. 
Majority 
changed to 
plurality by 
amendments, 
Art. XIV. 



Vacancies, 
how filled. 
Changed to 
election by 
people. 
See amend- 
ments, Art. 
XXIV. 



Qualifications 
of a senator. 
Property quali- 
fication abol- 
ished. 
See amend- 
ments, Art. 
XIII. 

For further 
provision as to 
residence, see 
also amend- 
ments, Art. 
XXII. 



Senate not to 
adjourn more 
than two days. 

— shall choose 
its oflicers and 
establish its 
rules. 

— shall try all 
impeachments. 
167 Mass. 599. 



Oath. 
Limitation of 



Quorum. 

See amend- 
ments, Arts. 
XXII. and 
XXXIII. 



returned copies of such records ; and fourteen days before the said 
day he sliall issue his summons to such persons as shall appear to be 
chosen by [a majority of] voters, to attend on that day, and take 
their seats accordingl}^ : provided, nevertheless, that for the first 
year the said returned copies shall be examined by the president 
and five of the council of the former constitution of government ; 
and the said president shall, in like manner, issue his summons to 
the persons so elected, that they may take their seats as aforesaid. 

IV. The senate shall be the final judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of their own members, as pointed out in the con- 
stitution ; and shall, [on the said last Wednesday in May] annually, 
determine and declare %vho are elected by each district to be sena- 
tors [by a majority of votes ; and in case there shall not appear to 
be the full number of senators returned elected by a majority of 
votes for any district, the deficiency shall be supplied in the follow- 
ing manner, viz. : The members of the house of representatives, and 
such senators as shall be declared elected, shall take the names of 
such persons as shall be found to have the highest number of votes 
in such district, and not elected, amounting to twice the number of 
senators wanting, if there be so many voted for ; and out of these 
shall elect by ballot a number of senators sufiicient to fill up the 
vacancies in such district ; and in this manner all such vacancies 
shall be filled up in every district of the commonwealth ; and in 
like manner all vacancies in the senate, arising by death, removal 
out of the state, or otherwise, shall be supplied as soon as may be, 
after such vacancies shall happen.] 

V. Provided, nevertheless, that no person shall be capable of 
being elected as a senator, [who is not seised in his own right of a 
freehold, within this commonwealth, of the value of three hundred 
pounds at least, or possessed of personal estate to the value of six 
hundred pounds at least, or of both to the amount of the same sum, 
and] who has not been an inhabitant of this commonwealth for the 
space of five years immediately preceding his election, and, at the 
time of his election, he shall be an inhabitant in the district for 
which he shall be chosen. 

VI. The senate shall have power to adjourn themselves, pro- 
vided such adjournments do not exceed two days at a time. 

Vn. The senate shall choose its own president, appoint its own 
officers, and determine its own rules of proceedings. 

VIII. The senate shall be a court with full authority to hear 
and determine all impeachments made by the house of representa- 
tives, against any officer or officers of the commonwealth, for mis- 
conduct and mal-administration in theu* offices. But previous to 
the trial of every impeachment the members of the senate shall 
respectively be sworn, truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question, according to evidence. Their judgment, 
however, shall not extend further than to removal from office and 
disqualification to hold or enjoy any place of honor, trust, or profit, 
under this commonwealth ; but the party so convicted shall be, 
nevertheless, liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, 
according to the laws of the land. 

IX. [Not less than sixteen members of the senate shall consti- 
tute a quorum for doing business.] 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 27 



CHAPTER I. 

Section III. House of Representatives. 

Article I. There shall be, in the legislature of this common- Representa- 
wealth, a representation of the people, annually elected, and people, 
founded upon the principle of equality. 

II. [And in order to provide for a representation of the citizens Representa- 
of this commonwealth, founded upon the principle of equality, every chosen.^ ^ ^^ 
corporate town containing one hundred and fifty ratable polls may fmendments',^ 
elect one representative ; every corporate town containing three xiii'-.^vhich*^ 
hundred and seventy-five ratable polls may elect two representatives ; ^u'^plj.^eded by 
«very corporate town containing six hundred ratable polls may elect amendments, 
three representatives ; and proceeding in that manner, making two 
hundred and twenty-five ratable polls the mean increasing number 
for every additional representative. 

Provided, nevertheless, that each town now incorporated, not ^^ni^^ifving 
having one hundred and fifty ratable polls, may elect one represent- less than iso 
ative ; but no place shall hereafter be incorporated with the privi- 
lege of electing a representative, unless there are within the same 
one hundred and fifty ratable polls.] 

And the house of representatives shall have power from time to Towns iiawe 
time to impose fines upon such towns as shall neglect to choose and etc. 
return members to the same, agreeably to this constitution. 

[The expenses of travelling to the general assembly, and returning Expenses of 
home, once in every session, and no more, shall be paid by the andfronfthe 
government, out of the public treasury, to every member who shall low pa'id^"'^'^' 
attend as seasonably as he can, in the judgment of the house, and .Amendments, 
does not depart without leave.] Art. xxxv. 

ITT. Every member of the house of representatives shall be Qualifications 
€hosen by written votes ; [and, for one year at least next preceding ative'!*^^'^^^^" ' 
his election, shall have been an inhabitant of, and have been seised as^toFesi^'ence. 
in his own right of a freehold of the value of one hundred pounds ments^ Art. 
within the town he shall be chosen to represent, or any ratable p^pertyquai- 
estate to the value of two hundred pounds; and he shall cease to |g^g^'^°^ ^''°'" 
represent the said town immediately on his ceasing to be qualified amendments, 
as aioresaid.] 

IV. [Every male person, being twenty-one years of age, and ^f^avoter!*^"^ 
resident in any particular town in this commonwealth for the s]:)ace These provi- 

T !• Pill -I'l-j sions super- 

oi one year next precedinof, having a freehold estate within the said sededby 
town of the annual income of three pounds, or any estate of the Art8.iii.,xx., 

• "VVVTIT 

value of sixty pounds, shall have a right to vote in the choice of a xxx., xxxi. 
representative or representatives for the said town.] seeaTso^^^' 

V. [The members of the house of representatives shall be Art.^xxm*^' 
chosen annually in the month of May, ten days at least before the ^jj^^^j^^^'fj ' 
last Wednesday of that month.] Art. xxvi. 

•^ -J Representa- 

TJme of election changed by amendments, Art. X., and changed again by amendments, Art. XV. tives, wiien 

chosen. 

VI. The house of representatives shall be the grand inquest of House aione 
this commonwealth ; and all impeachments made by them shall be '^^ ^^v^^ • 
heard and tried by the senate. 

VII. All money bills shall originate in the house of representa- House to origi- 
tives ; but the senate may propose or concur with amendments, as bhis. 

,,,•11 J L L 126 Mass. 567. 

on other bills. 



28 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Not to adjourn 
more than two 
days. 



Quorum. See 
amendments, 
Arts. XXI. and 
XXXIII. 

To judge of 
returns, etc., of 
its own mem- 
bers ; to choose 
its otlicers and 
establish its 
rules, etc. 
May pxmish 
for "certain 
offences. 
14 Gray, 226. 
115 Mass. 383. 

122 Mass. 428. 

123 Mass. 525, 
529. 



Privileges of 
members. 
3 Gray, 468. 



Senate. 
Governor and 
council may 
punish. 
General limita- 
tion. 



Trial may be 
by committee, 
or otherwise. 
3 Gray, 468. 



Vin. The house of representatives shall have power to adjourn 
themselves ; provided such adjournment shall not exceed two days 
at a time. 

IX. [Not less than sixty members of the house of representa- 
tives shall constitute a quorum for doing business.] 

X. The house of representatives shall be the judge of the re- 
turns, elections, and qualifications of its own members, as pointed 
out in the constitution ; shall choose their own speaker ; appoint 
their own officers, and settle the rules and orders of proceeding in 
their own house. They shall have authority to punish by imprison- 
ment every person, not a member, who shall be guilty of disrespect 
to the house, by any disorderly or contemptuous behavior in its 
presence ; or who, in the town where the general court is sitting, 
and during the time of its sitting, shall threaten harm to the body 
or estate of any of its members, for any thing said or done in the 
house ; or who shall assault any of them therefor ; or who shall 
assault, or arrest, any witness, or other person, ordered to attend 
the house, in his way in going or returning ; or who shall rescue 
any person arrested by the order of the house. 

And no member of the house of representatives shall be arrested, 
or held to bail on mesne process, during his going unto, returning 
from, or his attending the general assembly. 

XI. The senate shall have the same powers in the like cases ; 
and the governor and council shall have the same authority to pun- 
ish in like cases ; provided, that no imprisonment on the warrant or 
order of the governor, council, senate, or house of representatives, 
for either of the above described offences, be for a term exceeding 
thirty days. 

And the senate and house of representatives may try and deter- 
mine all cases where their rights and privileges are concerned, and 
which, by the constitution, they have authority to try and deter- 
mine, by committees of their own members, or in such other way 
as they may respectively think best. 



CHAPTER n. 



Governor. 



His title. 

To be chosen 
annually. 
Qualifications. 
See amend- 
ments, Arts. 
VII. and 
XXXIV. 



By whom 
chosen, if he 
have a majority 
of votes. 
Time of elec- 
tion changed 
by amend- 
ments, Art. X., 
and changed 
again by 



EXECUTIVE POWER. 

Section I. Governor. 

Article I. There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who 
shall be styled — The Governor of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts; and whose title shall be — His Excellency. 

II. The governor shall be chosen annually ; and no person shall 
be eligible to this office, unless, at the time of his election, he shall 
have been an inhabitant of this commonwealth for seven 3'ears next 
preceding ; [and unless he shall at the same time be seised, in his 
own right, of a freehold, within the commonwealth, of the value of 
one thousand pounds;] [and unless he shall declare himself to be 
of the Christian religion.] 

III. Those persons who shall be qualified to vote for senators 
and representatives within the several towns of this commonwealth 
shall, at a meeting to be called for that purpose, on the [first Mon-r 
day of April] annually, give in their votes for a governor, to the 
selectmen, who shall preside at such meetings ; and the town clerk, 
in the presence and with the assistance of the selectmen, shall, in 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 29 

open town meeting, sort and count the votes, and form a list of the amendments, 

persons voted for, with the number of votes for each person against 

his name; and shall make a fair record of the same in the town As to cities, see 

books, and a public declaration thereof in the said meeting ; and Arf.'ii'"^"'^^' 

shall, in the presence of the inhabitants, seal up copies of the said 

list, attested by him and the selectmen, and transmit the same to 

the sheriff of the county, thirty days at least before the [last Time changed 

Wednesday in May] ; and the sheriff shall transmit the same to the day of Jan. 

secretary's office, seventeen days at least before the said [last amendments, 

Wednesday in May] ; or the selectmen may cause returns of the ^^^' ^' 

same to be made to the office of the secretary of the commonwealth, 

seventeen days at least before the said day ; and tlie secretary shall 

lay the same before the senate and the house of representatives on 

the [last Wednesday in May], to be by them examined; and [in Changed to 

case of an election by a majority of all the votes returned] , the amendments, 

choice shall be by them declared and published ; [but if no person How^hosen 

shall have a maiority of votes, the house of representatives when no per. 

SOU I1H8 3i 

shall, by ballot, elect two out of four persons who had the highest majority. 
number of votes, if so many shall have been voted for ; but, if 
otherwise, out of the number voted for; and make return to the 
senate of the two persons so elected ; on which the senate shall 
proceed, by ballot, to elect one, wlio shall be declared governor.] 

IV. The governor shall have authority, from time to time, at Power of gov- 

cmor Rnd of 

his discretion, to assemble and call together the councillors of this governor and 
commonwealth for the time being ; and the governor with the said *'^'^" • 
councillors, or live of them at least, shall, and may, from time to 
time, hold and keep a council, for the ordering and directing* the 
affairs of the commonwealth, agreeably to the constitution and the 
laws of the land. 

V. The governor, with advice of council, shall have full Mayadjourn 

1,1., 1. ,1 • /•! 1 or prorogue the 

power and authority, during the session oi the general court, to general court 
adjourn or prorogue the same to any time the two houses shall and^conveue' 
desire ; [and to dissolve the same on the day next preceding the as to^dis'soiu- 
last Wednesday in May ; and, in the recess of the said court, to amendments, 
prorogue the same from time to time, not exceeding ninety days ^^^- ^• 
in any one recess ;] and to call it together sooner than the time to 
which it may be adjourned or prorogued, if the welfare of the com- 
monwealth shall re(juire the same ; and in case of any infectious 
distemper prevailing in the place where the said court is next 
at any time to convene, or any other cause happening, whereby 
danger may arise to the health or lives of the members from their 
attendance, he may direct the session to be held at some other, the 
most convenient place within the state. 

[And the governor shall dissolve the said general court on the Astodissoiu- 
day next preceding the last Wednesday in May.] amendments, 

VI. In cases of disagreement between the two houses, with ^'■*-^- 

- . ~ , . . /. T Governor and 

regard to the necessity, expediency, or time of adjournment or council may 
prorogation, the governor, with advice of the council, shall have general court 
a right to adjourn or prorogue the general court, not exceeding bJ,t noTex^fe'e'd- 
ninety days, as he shall determine the public good shall require. dafs'/'^'^*^ 

VII. The governor of this commonwealth, for the time being. Governor to be 
shall be the commander-in-chief of the army and navy, and of all chie'"*^*^ 

the military forces of the state, by sea and land ; and shall have ^ ^'^^^^ ^^^" 
full power, by himself, or by any commander, or other officer or 
officers, from time to time, to train, instruct, exercise, and govern 



30 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Limitation. 



Governor and 
council may 
pardon 
offences, ex- 
cept, etc. 
24 Pick. 277. 
14 Mass. 472. 
109 Mass. 32.3. 
129 Mass. 4S9, 
498. 

135 Mass. 48. 
But not before 
conviction. 
Judicial ofD- 
cers, etc., how 
nominated and 
appointed. 
For provisions 
as to election 
of attorney- 
general, see 
amendments, 
Art. XVII. 



Militia officers, 
hovf elected. 
Limitation of 
age struck out 
by amend- 
ments, Art. V. 



How commis- 
sioned. 



Election of 
officers. 



the militia and navy ; and, for the special defence and safety of the 
commonwealth, to assemble in martial array, and put in warlike 
posture, the inhabitants thereof, and to lead and conduct them, and 
with them to encounter, repel, resist, expel, and pursue, by force 
of arms, as well by sea as by land, within or without the limits of 
this commonwealth, and also to kill, slay, and destroy, if necessary, 
and conquer, by all fitting ways, enterprises, and means whatsoever, 
all and every such person and persons as shall, at any time here- 
after, in a hostile manner, attempt or enterprise the destruction, 
invasion, detriment, or annoyance of this commonwealth ; and to 
use and exercise, over the army and navy, and over the militia in 
actual service, the law-martial, in time of war or invasion, and also 
in time of rebellion, declared by the legislature to exist, as occasion 
shall necessarily require ; and to take and surprise, by all ways and 
means whatsoever, all and every such pferson or persons, with their 
ships, arms, ammunition, and other goods, as shall, in a hostile 
manner, invade, or attempt the invading, conquering, or annoying 
this commonwealth ; and that the governor be intrusted Avith all 
these and other powers, incident to the offices of captain-general 
and commander-in-chief, and admiral, to be exercised agreeably to 
the rules and regulations of the constitution, and the laws of the 
land, and not otherwise. 

Provided, that the said governor shall not, at any time hereafter, 
by virtue of any power by this constitution granted, or hereafter to 
be granted to him by the legislature, transport any of the inhabitants 
of this commonwealth, or oblige them to march out of the limits of 
the same, without their free and voluntary consent, or the consent 
of the general court ; except so far as may be necessary to march 
or transport them by land or water, for the defence of such part of 
the state to which they cannot other Avise conveniently have access. 

VIII. The power of pardoning oifences, except such as persons 
maj^ be convicted of before the senate by an impeachment of the 
house, shall be in the governor, by and with the advice of council ; 
but no charter of pardon, granted l)y the governor, with advice of the 
council before conviction , shall avail the party pleading the same, not- 
withstanding any general or particular expressions contained therein, 
descriptive of the oft'ence or ofiences intended to be pardoned. 

IX. All judicial officers, [the attorney-general,] the solicitor- 
general, [all sheriffs,] coroners, [and registers of probate,] shall be 
nominated and appointed by the governor, by and with the advice 
and consent of the council ; and every such nomination shall be 
made by the governor, and made at least seven days prior to such 
appointment. 

For provision as to election of sheriffs, registers of probate, etc., see amendments. Art. XIX. 
For provision as to appointment of notaries public, see amendments, Art. IV. 

X. The captains and subalterns of the militia shall be elected by 
the Avritten votes of the train-band and alarm list of their respective 
companies, [of twenty-one years of age and upwards ;] the field 
officers of regiments shall be elected by the written votes of the 
captains and subalterns of their respective regiments ; the brigadiers 
shall be elected, in like manner, by the field officers of their respec- 
tive brigades ; and such officers, so elected, shall be commissioned 
by the governor, Avho shall determine their rank. 

The legislature shall, by standing laws, direct the time and man- 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 31 

ner of convening the electors, and of collecting votes, and of certi- 
fying to the governor, the officers elected. 

The major-generals shall be appointed by the senate and house of ^fjg^,",^®"'a 
representatives, each having a negative upon the other: and be pointed and 

..-,,.% commissioned. 

commissioned by the governor. 

For provisions as to appointment of a commissary-general, see amendments, Art. IV. 

And if the electors of brigadiers, field officers, captains or subal- ^o^'^fli'ilf^^'i 
terns, shall neglect or refuse to make such elections, after being case, etc. ' 
duly notified, according to the laws for the time being, then the 
governor, with advice of council, shall appoint suitable j:>ersons to 
fill such offices. 

[And no officer, duly commissioned to command in the militia, officers duly 
shall be removed from his office, but by the address of both houses how™emoTed^' 
to the governor, or by fair trial in court-martial, pursuant to the fmSmlfnts^ 
laws of the commonwealth for the time being.] Art. iv. 

The commanding officers of regiments shall appoint their adju- Adjutants, 
tants and quartermasters ; the brigadiers their brigade-majors ; and Ippoi'nted. 
the major-generals their aids ; and the governor shall appoint the 
adjutant-general. 

The governor, with advice of council, shall appoint all officers of ho™app^fnted 
the continental army, whom by the confederation of the United 
States it is provided that this commonwealth shall appoint, as also 
all officers of forts and garrisons. 

The divisions of the militia into brigades, regiments, and compa- organization 
nies, made in pursuance of the militia laws now in force, shall be con- 
sidered as the proper divisions of the militia of this commonwealth, 
until the same shall be altered in pursuance of some future law. 

XI. No moneys shall be issued out of the treasury of this com- Money, how 
mon wealth, and disposed of (except such sums as may be appro- fhetreai™ry, 
priated for the redemption of bills of credit or treasurer's notes, or f;f ASen^593. 
for the payment of interest arising thereon) but by warrant under 

the hand of the governor for the time being, with the advice and 
consent of the council, for the necessary defence and support of the 
commonwealth ; and for the protection and preservation of the in- 
habitants thereof, agreeably to the acts and resolves of the general 
court. 

XII. All public boards, the commissary-ofeneral, all superin- ah public 

.. boards etc^ to 

tending officers of public magazines and stores, belonging to this make quarterly 
commonwealth, and all commanding officers of forts and garrisons ^^'^^°^- 
within the same, shall once in every three months, officially, and 
without requisition, and at other times, when required by the gov- 
ernor, deliver to him an account of all goods, stores, provisions, 
ammunition, cannon with their appendages, and small arms with 
their accoutrements, and of all other public property whatever under 
their care respectively ; distinguishing the quantity, number, qual- 
ity and kind of each, as particularly as may be ; together with the 
condition of such forts and garrisons ; and the said commanding 
officer shall exhibit to the governor, when required by him, true 
and exact plans of such forts, and of the land and sea or harbor or 
harbors, adjacent. 

And the said boards, and all public officers, shall communicate to 
the governor, as soon as may be after receiving the same, all letters, 
despatches, and intelligences of a public nature, which shall be 
directed to them respectively. 



32 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Salary of 
governor. 



Salaries of jus- 
tices of 
supreme judi- 
cial court. 
Salaries to be 
enlarged if 
insuflicient. 



XIII. As the public good requires that the governor should not 
be under the undue influence of any of the members of the general 
court bj a dependence on them for his support, that he should in 
all cases act with freedom for the benefit of the public, that he 
should not have his attention necessarily diverted from that object 
to his private concerns, and that he should maintain the dignity of 
the commonwealth in the character of its chief magistrate, it is 
necessary that he should have an honorable stated salary, of a fixed 
and permanent value, amply sufficient for those purposes, and 
established b}^ standing laws : and it shall be among the first acts 
of the general court, after the commencement of this constitution, 
to establish such salary by law accordingly. 

Permanent and honorable salaries shall also be established by law 
for the justices of the supreme judicial court. 

And if it shall be found that any of the salaries aforesaid, so 
established, are insufficient, they shall, from time to time, be en- 
larged, as the general court shall judge proper. 



Lieutenant- 
g;overnor; his 
title and qual- 
ifications. See 
amendments, 
Arts. V^ II. and 
XXXIV. 



How chosen. 



Election by 
plurality pro- 
vided for by 
amendments, 
Art. XIV. 



President of 
council. 
Lieutenant- 
governor a 
member of, 
except, etc. 

Lieutenant- 
governor to be 
acting gov- 
ernor, in case, 
etc. 



CHAPTER II. 

Section II. Lieutenant-Governor. 

Article I. There shall be annually elected a lieutenant-gov- 
ernor of the commonwealth of INIassachusetts, whose title shall be 
— His Honor; and who shall be qualified, in point of [religion,] 
[property,] and residence in the commonwealth, in the same man- 
ner with the governor ; and the day and manner of his election, and 
the qualifications of the electors, shall be the same as are required 
in the election of a governor. The return of the votes for this 
officer, and the declaration of his election, shall be in the same 
manner ; [and if no one person shall be found to have a majority of 
all the votes returned, the vacancy shall be filled by the senate and 
house of representatives, in the same manner as the governor is to 
be elected, in case no one person shall have a majority of the votes 
of the people to be governor.] 

II. The governor, and in his absence the lieutenant-governor, 
shall be president of the council, but shall have no vote in council ; 
and the lieutenant-governor shall always be a member of the coun- 
cil, except when the chair of the governor shall be vacant. 

III. Whenever the chair of the governor shall be vacant, by 
reason of his death, or absence from the commonwealth, or other- 
wise, the lieutenant-governor, for the time being, shall, during such 
vacancy, perform all the duties incumbent upon the governor, and 
shall have and exercise all the powers and authorities, which by this 
constitution the governor is vested with, when personally present. 



Council. 
Number of 
councillors 
changed to 
eight. 
See amend- 
ments. Art. 
XVI. 
14 Mass. 470. 



CHAPTER H. 

Section HI. Council, and the Manner of settling Elections by the 

Legislature. 

Article I. There shall be a council for advising the governor 
in the executive part of the government, to consist of [nine] per- 
sons besides the lieutenant-governor, whom the governor, for the 
time being, shall have full power and authority, from time to time, 
at his discretion, to assemble and call together; and the governor, 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 33 

with the said councillors, or five of them at least, shall and may, 
from time to time, hold and keep a council, for the ordering and 
directing the afiairs of the commonwealth, according to the laws of 
the land. 

n. [Nine councillors shall be annually chosen from among the Number; from 
persons returned for councillors and senators, on the last Wednesday S)w"chos«m. 
in May, by the joint ballot of the senators and representatives amendments, 
assembled in one room ; and in case there shall not be found upon -^\[\- ^- ^^^^ 
the first choice, the whole number of nine persons who will accept superseded by 
a seat in the council, the deficiency shall be made up by the electors Art. xvi. 
aforesaid from among the people at largo ; and the number of sena- 
tors left shall constitute the senate for the year. The seats of the if senators 
persons thus elected from the senate, and accepting the trust, shall cuimTti^^" 
be vacated in the senate.] vatrLted.''*' 

in. The councillors, in the civil arrangements of the common- Rankofcoun- 
wealth, shall have rank next after the lieutenant-governor. 

IV. [Not more than two councillors shall be chosen out of any no district to 

T 1. • 1. i? J.U* ii.i_ -I havemorethan 

one district oi this commonwealth.] two. 

Superseded by ameiidments, Art. XVI. 

V. The resolutions and advice of the council shall be recorded Register of 

1 . T , 1 , , . council. 

in a register, and signed by the members present ; and this record 
may be called for at any time by either house of the legislature ; 
and any member of the council may insert his opinion, contrary to 
the resolution of the majority. 

VI. Whenever the office of the governor and lieutenant-gov- Council to ex. 
ernor shall be vacant, by reason of death, absence, or otherwise, then power of^ov- 
the council, or the major part of them, shall, during such vacancy, ^J^**'" '"^ <^^^^' 
have full power and authority to do, and execute, all and every 

such acts, matters, and things, as the governor or the lieutenant- 
governor might or could, by virtue of this constitution, do or exe- 
cute, if they, or either of them, were personally present. 

VII. [And whereas the elections appointed to be made, by this Elections may 
constitution, on the last Wednesday in May annually, by the two untn^^et^^*^ 
houses of the legislature, may not be completed on that day, the 

said elections may be adjourned from day to day until the same 

shall be completed. And the order of elections shall be as follows : order thereof. 

the vacancies in the senate, if any, shall first be filled up ; the gov- fmendmelfts*!^ 

ernor and lieutenant-governor shall then be elected, provided there ^'^.^vi. and 

should be no choice of them by the people ; and afterwards the two 

houses shall proceed to the election of the council.] 

CHAPTER n. 

Section IV. Secretary, Treasurer, Commissary, etc. 
Article I. [The secretary, treasurer and receiver-ofeneral, and secretary, etc., 

, . L *'. '^ ' by whom and 

the commissary-general, notaries public, and] naval onicers, shall how chosen. 
be chosen annually, by joint ballot of the senators and representa- as^'to'eiection^ 
tives in one room. And, that the citizens of this commonwealth tt-easiu^e^and 
ma}'- be assured, from time to time, that the moneys remaining in era?,' and^'''^" 
the public treasury, upon the settlement and liquidation of the pub- aS^rney'^gen. 
lie accounts, are their property, no man shall be eligible as treas- ®''''^'' s?® . 

' . 11 . ® amendments, 

urer and receiver-general more than five years successively. Art. xvii. 

Treasurer Ineligible for more than five successive years. For provision as to appointment of 
notaries public and the commissary.general, see amendments. Art. IV. 



34 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Secretary to 
keep records ; 
to attend tbe 
governor and 
council, etc. 



II. The records of the commonwealth shall be kept in the office 
of the secretary, who may appoint his deputies, for whose conduct 
he shall be accountable ; and he shall attend the governor and 
council, the senate and house of representatives, in person, or by 
his deputies, as they shall respectively require. 



CHAPTER m. 



Tenure of all 
commissioned 
otlicers to be 
expressed. 
Judicial otli- 
cers to hold 
office during 
good behavior, 
except, etc. 
But may be 
removed on 
address. 
3 Cush. .584. 
134 Mass. 314. 

Justices of 
supreme judi- 
cial court to 
give opinions 
when required, 
122 Mass. 600. 
126 Mass. 557. 
Justices of the 
peace; tenure 
of their office. 
107 Mass 604. 



Provisions for 
holding pro- 
bate courts. 
12 Gray, 147. 



Man-iage, 
divorce, and 
alimon)-. 
Other provi- 
sions made by 
law. 



JUDICIARY POWER. 

Article I. The tenure, that all commission officers shall by 
law have in their offices, shall be expressed in their respective com- 
missions. All judicial officers, duly appointed, commissioned, and 
sworn, shall hold their offices during good behavior, excepting such 
concerning whom there is ditferent provision made in this constitu- 
tion : provided, nevertheless, the governor, with the consent of the 
council, may remove tliem upon the address of both houses of the 
legislature. 

II. Each branch of the legislature, as well as the governor and 
council, shall have authority to require the opinions of the justices 
of the supreme judicial court, upon important questions of law, and 

.jipon solemn occasions. us Mass. 623. ISO Mass. 598. 

III. In order that the people may not suffer from the long con- 
tinuance in place of any justice of the peace who shall fail of dis- 
charging the important duties of his office with ability or fidelity, 
all commissions of justices of the peace shall expu'e and become 
void, in the term of seven years from their respective dates ; and, 
upon the expiration of any commission, the same may, if neces- 
sary, be renewed, or another person appointed, as shall most con- 
duce to the well-being of the commonwealth. 

IV. The judges of probate of wills, and for granting letters of 
administration, shall hold their courts at such place or places, on 
fixed days, as the convenience of the people shall require ; and the 
legislature shall, from time to time, hereafter, appoint such times 
and places ; until which appointments, the said courts shall be 
holden at the times and places which the respective judges shall 
direct. 

V. All causes of marriage, divorce, and alimony, and all appeals 
from the judges of probate, shall be heard and determined by the 
governor and council, until the legislature shall, by law, make other 

provision. 105 Mass. 327. 116 Mass. 317. 120 Mass. 320. 



CHAPTER IV. 



Delegates to 
congress. 



DELEGATES TO CONGRESS. 

[The delegates of this commonwealth to the congress of the United 
States, shall, some time in the month of June, annuall}^ be elected 
by the joint ballot of the senate and house of representatives, 
assembled together in one room ; to serve in congress for one year, 
to commence on the first Monday in November then next ensuing. 
The}^ shall have commissions under the hand of the governor, and 
the great seal of the commonwealth ; but may be recalled at any 
time within the year, and others chosen and commissioned, in the 
same manner, in their stead.] 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 35 



CHAPTER V. 

THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, AND ENCOURAGEMENT OF LITERA- 
TURE, ETC. 

Section I. The University. 

Article I. Whereas our wise and pious ancestors, so early as Harvard 
the year one thousand six hundred and thirty-six, laid the founda- ^'°"®^®- 
tion of Harvard College, in which university many persons of great 
eminence have, by the blessing of God, been initiated in those arts 
and sciences which qualified them for public employments, both in 
church and state ; and whereas the encouragement of arts and 
sciences, and all good literature, tends to the honor of God, the 
advantage of the Christian religion, and the great benefit of this 
and the other United States of America, — it is declared, that the Powers, privi. 
President and Fellows of Harvard College, in their corporate thl^presfdent 
capacity, and their successors in that capacity, their ofiicers and confirmed?" 
servants, shall have, hold, use, exercise, and enjoy, all the powers, 
authorities, rights, liberties, privileges, immunities, and franchises, 
which they now have, or are entitled to have, hold, use, exercise, 
and enjoy ; and the same are hereby ratified and confirmed unto 
them, the said president and fellows of Harvard College, and to 
their successors, and to their' officers and servants, respectively, 
forever. 

H. And whereas there have been at sundry times, by divers 
persons, gifts, grants, devises of houses, lands, tenements, goods, 
chattels, legacies, and conveyances, heretofore made, either to Har- 
vard College in Cambridge, in New England, or to the president 
and fellows of Harvard College, or to the said college by some other 
description, under several charters, successively ; it is declared, that aii gifts, 
all the said gifts, grants, devises, legacies, and conveyances, are tonflrmed.' 
hereby forever confirmed unto the president and fellows of Harvard 
College, and to their successors in the capacity aforesaid, according 
to the true intent and meaning of the donor or donors, grantor or 
grantors, devisor or devisors. 

IH. And whereas, by an act of the general court of the colony 
of Massachusetts Bay, passed in the year one thousand six hundred 
and forty-two, the governor and deputy-governor, for the time 
being, and all the magistrates of that jurisdiction, were, with the 
president, and a number of the clergy in the said act described, 
constituted the overseers of Harvard College ; and it being neces- 
sary, in this new constitution of government to ascertain who shall whoshaiibe 

•^ ' 1 .1 1 1 overseers. 

be deemed successors to the said governor, deputy-governor, and 
magistrates ; it is declared, that the governor, lieutenant-governor, 
council, and senate of this commonwealth, are, and shall be deemed, 
then' successors, who, with the president of Harvard College, for 
the time being, together with the ministers of the congregational 
churches in the towns of Cambridge, AVatertow^n, Charlestown, Bos- 
ton, Roxbury, and Dorchester, mentioned in the said act, shall be, 
and hereby are, vested with all the powers and authority belonging, 
or in any way appertaining to the overseers of Harvard College ; 
provided, that nothing herein shall be construed to prevent the Powerof 
legislature of this commonwealth from making such alterations in rese^ed^to the 
the government of the said university, as shall be conducive to its i^'gisiature. 



36 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



advantage, and the interest of the republic of letters, in as full a 
manner as might have been done by the legislature of the late Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay. 



Duty Of legis- 
latures and 
magistrates in 
all future 
periods. 
For further 
provisions as 
to public 
schools, see 
amendments, 
Art. XVII I. 
10 Met. 508. 
12 Allen, 500. 
103 Mass. 94. 
165 Mass. 419. 



Oaths, etc. 



Abolished. See 
amendments. 
Art. VII. 



Declaration 
and oaths of 
all officers. 
3 Gush. 586. 



CHAPTER V. 

Section n. The Encouragement of Literature, etc. 

Wisdom and knowledge, as well as virtue, diffused generally 
among the body of the people, being necessary for the preservation 
of their rights and liberties ; and as these depend on spreading the 
opportunities and advantages of education in the various parts of 
the country, and among the different orders of the people, it shall 
be the duty of legislatures and magistrates, in all future periods of 
this commonwealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the 
sciences, and all seminaries of them ; especially the university at 
Cambridge, public schools and grammar schools in the towns ; to 
encourage private societies and public institutions, rewards and 
unmunities, for the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, com- 
merce, trades, manufactures, and a natural history of the country ; 
to countenance and inculcate the principles of humanity and general 
benevolence, public and private charity, industry and frugality, 
honesty and punctuality in theu* dealings ; sincerity, good humor, 
and all social affections, and generous sentiments, among the 
people. 

CHAPTER VI. 

OATHS ANT> SU'BSCRIPTIONS ; INCOMPATIBILITY OF AND EXCLUSION 
FROM OFFICES ; PECUNIARY QUALIFICATIONS ; COMMISSIONS ; WRITS ; 
CONFIRMATION OF LAWS ; HABEAS CORPUS ; THE ENACTING STYLE ; 
CONTINUANCE OF OFFICERS ; PROVISION FOR A FUTURE REVISAL 
OF THE CONSTITUTION, ETC. 

Article I. [Any person chosen governor, lieutenant-governor, 
councillor, senator, or representative, and accepting the trust, shall, 
before he proceed to execute the duties of his place or office, make 
and subscribe the following declaration, viz. : 

" I, A. B., do declare, that I believe the Christian religion, and 
have a fh'iu persuasion of its truth ; and that I am seised and 
possessed, in my own right, of the property required by the con- 
stitution, as one qualification for the ofBce or place to which I am 
elected." 

And the governor, lieutenant-governor, and councillors, shall 
make and subscribe the said declaration, in the presence of the two 
houses of assembly ; and the senators and representatives, first 
elected under this constitution, before the president and five of the 
council of the former constitution ; and forever afterwards before 
the governor and council for the time being.] 

And every person chosen to either of the places or offices afore- 
said, as also any person appointed or commissioned to an}^ judicial, 
executive, militaiys or other office under the government, shall, 
before he enters on the discharge of the business of his place or 
office, take and subscribe the following declaration, and oaths or 
affirmations, viz. : 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 37 



["!,' A. B., do truly and sincerely acknowledge, profess, testify, ^ornewi 
id declare, that the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is, and of seeameni 



oath 

and declare, that tlie Common wealtli ot Massaciiusetts is, and ot seeamlnd- 
right ought to be, a free, sovereign, and independent state ; and I do > • • 

swear, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the said common- 
wealth, and that I will defend the same against traitoromj conspir- 
acies and all hostile attempts whatsoever ; and that I do renounce 
and abjure all allegiance, subjection, and obedience to the king, 
queen, or government of Great Britain (as the case may be), and 
every other foreign power whatsoever ; and that no foreign prince, 
person, prelate, state, or potentate, hath, or ought to have, any 
jurisdiction, superiority, pre-eminence, authority, dispensing or 
other power, in any matter, civil, ecclesiastical, or spiritual, within 
this commonwealth, except the authority and power which is or 
may be vested by theu" constituents in the congress of the United 
States : and I do further testify and declare, that no man or body 
of men hath or can have any right to absolve or discharge me from 
the obligation of this oath, declaration, or affirmation ; and that I 
do make this acknowledgment, profession, testimony, declaration, 
denial, renunciation, and abjuration, heartily and truly, according 
to the common meaning and acceptation of the foregoing words, 
without any equivocation, mental evasion, or secret reservation 
whatsoever. So help me, God."] 

"I, A. B., do solemnly swear and affirm, that I will faithfully oath of office. 
and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent 
on me as , according to the best of my 

abilities and understanding, agreeably to the rules and regulations 
of the constitution and the laws of the commonwealth. So help 
me, God." 

Provided, always, that when any person chosen or appointed as Proviso, 
aforesaid, shall be of the denomination of the people called Quakers, ments.Artivi. 
and shall decline taking the said oath[s], he shall make his affirma- 
tion in the foregoing form, and subscribe the same, omitting the 
words, [" I do siuear" " and abjure^'" '* oath or" " and abjuration " 
in the first oath, and in the second oath, the words] " swear and" 
and [in each of them] the words " So help me, God ;" subjoining 
instead thereof, " This I do under the pains and penalties of per- 
jury." 

And the said oaths or affirmations shall be taken and subscribed 2ffirma«ons, 
by the governor, lieutenant-governor, and councillors, before the fg^ergj^™'"" 
president of the senate, in the presence of the tAvo houses of as- 
sembly ; and by the senators and representatives first elected under 
this constitution, before the president and five of the council of the 
former constitution ; and forever afterwards before the governor and 
council for the time being ; and by the residue of the officers afore- 
said, before such persons and in such manner as fi*om time to time 
shall be prescribed by the legislature. 

n. No governor, lieutenant-governor, or judge of the supreme Plurality of 
judicial court, shall hold any other office or place, under the author- hiwfeVto"gov- 
ity of this commonwealth, except such as by this constitution they exceptreti'. 
are admitted to hold, saving that the judges of the said court may mrats^An. 
hold the offices of justices of the peace through the state ; nor shall ^'^i^- 
they hold any other place or office, or receive any pension or salary 
from any other state or government or power whatever. 



38 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Same subject. 
1 AUen, 553. 



Incompatible 
offices. 
For further 
provisions as 
to incompatible 
offices, see 
amendments, 
Art. VIII. 
Officers of Har- 
vard College 
excepted by 
amendments. 
Art. XXVII. 
3 Pick. 517. 



Incompatible 
offices. 



Bribery, etc., 
disqualify. 



Value of 
money ascer- 
tained. 

Property quali- 
flcations may 
be increased". 
See amend- 
ments, Arts. 
XIII. and 
XXXIV. 

Provisions 
respecting 
commissions. 



Provisions re- 
specting writs. 

2 Pick. 592. 

3 Met. 58. 
13 Gray, 74. 
108 Mass. 338. 



Continuation 
of former laws, 
except, etc. 

1 Mass. 5!». 

2 Mass. .534. 

8 Pick. 309. 
16 Pick. 107. 
2 Met. 118. 

4 Met. 111. 

9 Met. 93, 110. 



No person shall bo capable of holding or exercising at the same 
time, within the state, more than one of the following offices, viz. : 
judge of probate — sheriti* — register of probate — or register of 
deeds : and never more than any two offices, which are to be held 
by appointment of the governor, or the governor and council, or the 
senate, or the house of representatives, or b}^ the election of the 
people of the state at large, or of the people of any county, military 
offices, and the offices of justices of the peace excepted, shall be held 
by one person. 

No person holding the office of judge of the supreme judicial court 
— secretary — attorney-general — solicitor-general — treasurer or 
receiver-general — judge of probate — commissary -general — [pres- 
ident, professor, or instructor of Harvard College] — sheriff — clerk 
of the house of representatives — register of probate — register of 
deeds — clerk of the supreme judicial court — clerk of the inferior 
court of common pleas — or officer of the customs, including in this 
description naval officers — shall at the same time have a seat in the 
senate or house of representatives ; but their being chosen or ap- 
pointed to, and accepting the same, shall operate as a resignation 
of their seat in the senate or house of representatives ; and the place 
so vacated shall be filled up. 

And the same rule shall take place in case any judge of the said 
supreme judicial court, or judge of probate, shall accept a seat in 
council ; or any councillor shall accept of either of those offices or 
places. 

And no person shall ever be admitted to hold a seat in the legis- 
lature, or any office of trust or importance under the government of 
this commonwealth, who shall, in the due course of law, have been 
convicted of bribery or corruption in obtaining an election or ap- 
pointment. 

III. In all cases where sums of money are mentioned in this con- 
stitution, the value thereof shall be computed in silver, at six shil- 
lings and eight pence per ounce ; and it shall be in the power of the 
legislature, from time to time, to increase such qualifications, as to 
property, of the persons to be elected to offices, as the circumstances 
of the commonwealth shall require. 

IV. All commissions shall be in the name of the commonwealth 
of Massachusetts, signed b}^ the governor and attested by the secre- 
tary or his deputy, and have the great seal of the commonwealth 
affixed thereto. 

V. All writs, issuing out of the clerk's office in any of the courts 
of law, shall be in the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ; 
the}^ shall be under the seal of the court from whence they issue ; 
they shall bear test of the first justice of the court to which they 
shall be returnable, who is not a party, and be signed by the clerk 
of such court. 

VI. All the laws which have heretofore been adopted, used, and 
approved in the Province, Colony, or State of Massachusetts Bay, 
and usually practised on in the courts of law, shall still remain and 
be in full force, until altered or repealed b}' the legislature ; such 
parts only excepted as are repugnant to the rights and liberties con- 
tained in this constitution. 

13 Met. 68. o Cash. 303. 139 Mass. 29. 148 Mass. 309, 321. 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 39 

Vn. The privilege and benefit of the writ of habeas corpus shall ^^j^g^scor us 
be enjoyed in this commonwealth, in the most free, easy, cheap, ex- secured, ex. 
peditious, and ample manner ; and shall not ]>e suspended b}^ the 
legislature, except upon the most urgent and pressing occasions 
and for a limited time, not exceeding twelve months. 

Vin. The enacting style, in making and passing all acts. The enacting 
statutes and laws, shall be — "Be it enacted by the Senate and ^^^' 
House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the 
authority of the same." 

IX. To the end there may be no failure of justice, or danger officers of 
arise to the commonwealth from a change of the form of govern- nient^co^f-^^"^' 
ment, all officers, civil and military, holding commissions under the t'^^^*^*^ ^t^^' 
government and people of Massachusetts Bay in New England, and 

all other officers of the said government and people, at the time this 
constitution shall take eftect, shall have, hold, use, exercise, and 
enjoy, all the powers and authority to them granted or committed, 
until other persons shall be appointed in their stead ; and all courts 
of law shall proceed in the execution of the business of their re- 
spective departments ; and all the executive and legislative officers, 
bodies, and powers shall continue in full force, in the enjoyment 
and exercise of all their trusts, employments, and authority ; until 
the general court, and the supreme and executive officers under this 
constitution, are designated and invested with their respective trusts, 
powers and authority. 

X. rin order the more effectually to adhere to the principles of Provision for 

- . . 1 i*'.!. I'll revising con- 

the constitution, and to correct those violations which by any means stitution. 

x or cxistin*'' 

may be made therein, as well as to form such alterations as from provision as to 
experience shall be found necessary, the general court which shall see'amend. "' 
be in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety- »i^*^°t'*' ^^t- 1^- 
five, shall issue precepts to the selectmen of the several towns, and 
to the assessors of the unincorporated plantations, directing them 
to convene the qualified voters of their respective towns and planta- 
tions, for the purpose of collecting their sentiments on the necessity 
or expediency of revising the constitution, in order to amendments. 

And if it shall appear, by the returns made, that two-thirds of Provision for 

I I ^ J ' revising con- 

the qualified voters throughout the state, who shall assemble and stitution. 
vote in consequence of the said precepts, are in favor of such revi- 
sion or amendment, the general court shall issue precepts, or direct 
them to be issued from the secretary's office, to the several towns to 
elect delegates to meet in convention for the purpose aforesaid. 

The said delegates to be chosen in the same manner and propor- 
tion as their representatives in the second branch of the legislature 
are by this constitution to be chosen.] 

XI. This form of government shall be enrolled on parchment, ^l^^'lf^^^^^^ 
and deposited in the secretary's office, and b» a part of the laws of pubiisiiing tiiis 
the land ; and printed copies thereof shall be prefixed to the book ^^ 
containing the laws of this commonwealth, in all future editions of 

the said laws. 



40 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Bill, eto., not 
approved 
within live 
days, not to 
become a law, 
if legislature 
adjourn in the 
mean time. 
3 Mass. 567. 
See Const., Ch. 
I., § 1, Art. II. 
General court 
empowered to 
charter cities. 
114 Mass. 214. 
122 Mass. 354. 
160 Mass. 102. 



Proviso. 

112 Mass. 200. 



Qualifications 
of voters tor 
governor, lieu- 
tenant-gov- 
ernor, senators 
and represent- 
atives. 
See amend- 
ments, Arts. 
XXX. and 
XXXII. 
11 Pick. 538. 
5 Met. 591. 
7 Gray, 299. 
122 Mass. 595. 
124 Mass. 596. 
144 Mass. 497. 
1.59 Mass. 413. 
For educa- 
tional qualifl- 
(•ation, see 
amendments, 
Art. XX. 



Notaries 
public, bow 
appointed and 
removed. 
150 Mass. 586. 
165 Mass. 599. 



Vacancies in 
the oflices of 
secretary and 
treasurer, how 
filled. 

This clause 
superseded by 
amendments, 
Art. XVII. 



AETICLES OF AMENDMEI^T. 

Article I. If any bill' or resolve shall be objected to, and not 
approved by the governor ; and if the general court shall adjourn 
within five days after the same shall have been laid before the gov- 
ernor for his approbation, and thereby prevent his returning it 
with his objections, as provided by the constitution, such bill or 
resolve shall not become a law, nor have force as such. 

Art. II. The general court shall have full power and authority 
to erect and constitute municipal or city governments, in any cor- 
porate town or towns in this commonwealth, and to grant to the 
inhabitants thereof such powers, privileges, and immunities, not re- 
pugnant to the constitution, as the general court shall deem neces- 
sary or expedient for the regulation and government thereof, and to 
prescribe the manner of calling and holding public meetings of the 
inhabitants, in wards or otherwise, for the election of officers under 
the constitution, and the manner of returning the votes given at 
such meetings. Provided, that no such government shall be erected 
or constituted in any town not containing twelve thousand inhabi- 
tants, nor unless it be with the consent, and on the application of a 
majority of the inhabitants of such town, present and voting 
thereon, pursuant to a vote at a meeting duly warned and holden 
for that purpose. And provided, also, that all by-laws, made by 
such municipal or city government, shall be subject, at all times, to 
be annulled by the general court. 

Art. in. Every male citizen of twenfy-one years of age and 
upwards, excepting paupers and persons under guardianship, who 
shall have resided within the commonwealth one year, and within 
the town or district in which he may claim a right to vote, six cal- 
endar months next preceding any election of governor, lieutenant- 
governor, senators, or representatives, [and who shall have paid, by 
himself, or his parent, master, or guardian, any state or county tax, 
which shall, within two years next preceding such election, have 
been assessed upon him, in any town or district of this common- 
wealth ; and also every citizen who shall be, by law, exempted from 
taxation, and who shall be, in all other respects, qualified as above 
mentioned,] shall have a right to vote in such election of governor, 
lieutenant-governor, senators, and representatives ; and no other 
person shall be entitled to vote in such election. 

For provision as to those who have served in the army or navy in time of war, see amendments, 
Arts. XXVIII. and XXXI. See also amendments. Art. XXIII., which was annulled by amend- 
ments, Art. XXVI. 

Art. IV. Notaries public shall be appointed by the governor in 
the same manner as judicial officers are appointed, and shall hold 
their offices during seven years, unless sooner removed by the gov- 
ernor, with the consent of the council, upon the address of both 
houses of the legislature. 

[In case the office of secretary or treasurer of the commonwealth 
shall become vacant from any cause, during the recess of the general 
court, the governor, with the advice and consent of the council, 
shall nominate and appoint, under such regulations as may be pre- 
scribed by law, a competent and suitable person to such vacant 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 41 

office, who shall hold the same until a successor shall be appointed 
by the general court.] 

Whenever the exigencies of the commonwealth shall require the Commissary. 
appointment of a commissary -general, he shall be nominated, ap- beTppoinf&a, 
pointed, and commissioned, in such manner as the legislature may, ^^^^^^'^tc. 
by law, prescribe. 

All officers commissioned to command in the militia may be re- Mnitia officers, 
moved from office in such manner as the legislature may, by law, ™*'^^ 

prescribe. 

Art. V. In the elections of captains and subalterns of the militia, who may vote 
all the members of their respective companies, as well those under as and^saWterns. 
those above the age of twenty-one years, shall have a right to vote. 

Art. VI. Instead of the oath of allegiance prescribed by the oathtobe 
constitution, the following oath shall be taken and subscribed by officers.^ ^ 
every person chosen or appointed to any office, civil or military, vT.,^rt!V. *^^' 
under the government of this commonwealth, before he shall enter 
on the duties of his office, to wit : — 

"I, A. B., do solemnly swear, that I will bear true faith and 
allegiance to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and will support 
the constitution thereof. So help me, God." 

Provided, That when any person shall be of the denomination Proviso. 
called Quakers, and shall decline taking said oath, he shall make amra.'^^™^^ 
his affirmation in the foregoing form, omitting the word " swear" 
and inserting, instead thereof, the word " affirm," and omitting the 
words " So help me, God," and subjoining, instead thereof, the 
words, " This I do under the pains and penalties of perjury." 

Art. VII. No oath, declaration, or subscription, excepting the Tests aboi- 
oath prescribed in the preceding article, and the oath of office, shall 
be required of the governor, lieutenant-governor, councillors, sena- 
tors, or representatives, to qualify them to perform the duties of 
their respective offices. 

Art. VIII. No judge of any court of this commonwealth, (ex- incompati- 
cept the court of sessions,) and no person holding any office under 5Met.%8. ^^^' 
the authority of the United States, (postmasters excepted,) shall, at i22Mass^.'445, 
the same time, hold the office of governor, lieutenant-governor, or 523Mass. 535. 
councillor, or have a seat in the senate or house of representatives 
of this commonwealth ; and no judge of any court in this common- 
wealth, (except the court of sessions,) nor the attorney-general, 
solicitor-general, county attorney, clerk of any court, sherift', treas- 
urer and receiver-general, register of probate, nor register of deeds, 
shall continue to hold his said office after being elected a member 
of the Congress of the United States, and accepting that trust ; but 
the acceptance of such trust, by any of the officers aforesaid, shall 
be deemed and taken to be a resignation of his said office ; and 
judges of the courts of common pleas shall hold no other office 
under the government of this commonwealth, the office of justice 
of the peace and militia offices excepted. 

Art. IX. If, at any time hereafter, any specific and particular Amendments 
amendment or amendments to the constitution be proposed in the how made, 
general court, and agreed to by a majority of the senators and two- 
thirds of the members of the house of representatives present and 
voting thereon, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be 
entered on the journals of tlie two houses, with the yeas and nays 
taken thereon, and referred to the general court then next to be 



42 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Commence- 
ment of polit- 
ical year, 



and termina- 
tion. 



Meetings for 
the choice of 
governor, lieu- 
tenant-gov- 
ernor, etc., 
when to be 
held. 

This clause 
superseded by 
amendments, 
Art. XV. 
23 Pick. 547. 



Article, wlien 
to go into 
operation. 



Inconsistent 

provisions 

annulled. 



chosen, and shall be published ; and if, in the general court next 
chosen as aforesaid, such proposed amendment or amendments shall 
be agreed to by a majority of the senators and two-thirds of the 
members of the house of representatives present and voting thereon, 
then it shall be the duty of the general court to submit such pro- 
posed amendment or amendments to the people ; and if they shall 
be approved and ratified by a majority of the qualified voters, 
voting thereon, at meetings legally warned and holden for that pur- 
pose, they shall become part of the constitution of this common- 
wealth. 

Art. X. The political year shall begin on the first Wednesday 
of January, instead of the last Wednesday of May ; and the general 
court shall assemble every year on the said first Wednesday of 
January, and shall proceed, at that session, to make all the elections, 
and do all the other acts, which are by the constitution required to 
be made and done at the session which has heretofore commenced 
on the last Wednesday of May. And the general court shall be 
dissolved on the day next preceding the first Wednesday of January, 
without any proclamation or other act of the governor. But nothing 
herein contained shall prevent the general court from assembling 
at such other times as they shall judge necessary, or when called 
together by the governor. The governor, lieutenant-governor and 
councillors, shall also hold their respective offices for one year next 
following the first Wednesday of January, and until others are 
chosen and qualified in their stead. 

[The meeting for the choice of governor, lieutenant-governor, 
senators, and representatives, shall be held on the second Monday 
of November in every year; but meetings may be adjourned, if 
necessary, for the choice of representatives, to the next day, and 
again to the next succeeding day, but no further. But in case a 
second meeting shall be necessary for the choice of representatives, 
such meetings shall be held on the fourth Monday of the same 
month of November,] 

All the other provisions of the constitution, respecting the elections 
and proceedings of the members of the general court, or of any 
other officers or persons whatever, that have reference to the last 
Wednesday of May, as the commencement of the political year, 
shall be so far altered, as to have like reference to the first Wednes- 
day of January. 

This article shall go into operation on the first day of October, 
next following the day when the same shall be duly ratified and 
adopted as an amendment of the constitution ; and the governor, 
lieutenant-governor, councillors, senators, representatives, and all 
other state officers, who are annually chosen, and who shall be 
chosen for the current year, when the same shall go into operation, 
shall hold their respective offices until the first Wednesday of January 
then next following, and until others are chosen and qualified in their 
stead, and no longer ; and the first election of the governor, lieuten- 
ant-governor, senators, and representatives, to be had in virtue of 
this article, shall be had conformably thereunto, in the month of 
November following the day on which the same shall be in force, 
and go into operation, pursuant to the foregoing provision. 

All the provisions of the existing eonstitution, inconsistent with 
the provisions herein contained, arc hereby wholly annulled. 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 43 

Art. XI. Instead of the third article of the bill of rights, the Religious 
following moditication and amendment thereof is substituted : — lished. see 

" As the public worship of God and instructions in piety, religion, Art. iiif'^'^*^' 
and morality, promote the happiness and prosperity of a people, 
and the security of a republican government ; therefore, the s'everal 
religious societies of this commonwealth, whether corporate or un- 
incorporate, at an}' meeting legally warned and holden for that 
purpose, shall ever have the right to elect their pastors or religious 
teachers, to contract with them for their support, to raise money 
for erecting and repairing houses for public worship, for the main- 
tenance of religious instruction, and for the payment of necessary 
expenses ; and all persons belonging to any religious society shall 
be taken and held to be members, until they shall file with the clerk 
of such society a written notice, declaring the dissolution of their 
membership, and thenceforth shall not be liable for any grant or 
contract which may be thereafter made, or entered into by such 
society; and all religious sects and denominations, demeaning 122 Mass. 40. 
themselves peaceably, and as good citizens of the commonwealth, 
shall be equally under the protection of the law ; and no subordina- • 

tion of any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be estab- 
lished by law." 

Art. XII. [In order to provide for a representation of the census of rat- 
citizens of this commonwealth, founded upon the principles of be taken in 
equality, a census of the ratable polls, in each city, town, and cenniaiiy 
district of the commonwealth, on the first day of May, shall be Thfs^artfcie 
taken and returned into the secretary's office, in such manner as ^^edTy"^' 
the legislature shall provide, within the month of May, in the year ^"rt'xni"*^' 
of our Lord one thousand eig-ht hundred and thirty-seven, and in which was' also 
every tenth year thereafter, in the month of May, in manner afore- amendments, 
said ; and each town or city having three hundred ratable polls at RepVesenta- 
the last preceding decennial census of polls, may elect one repre- apportioned. 
sentative, and for every four hundred and fifty ratable polls in 
addition to the first tlu'ee hundred, one representative more. 

Any town having less than three hundred ratable polls shall be Towns having 
represented thus: The whole number of ratable polls, at the last ratable poUs, 
preceding decennial census of polls, shall be multiplied by ten, and gente^.^'^^" 
the product divided by three hundred ; and such town may elect 
one representative as many years within ten years, as three hundred 
is contained in the product aforesaid. 

Any city or town having ratable polls enough to elect one or Fractions, how 
more representatives, with any number of polls beyond the neces- ^^p"^®^®"^ 
sary number, may be represented, as to that surplus number, by 
multiplying such surplus number by ten and dividing the product 
by four hundred and fifty ; and such city or town may elect one 
additional representative as many years, within the ten years, as 
four hundred and fifty is contained in the product aforesaid. 

Any two or more of the several towns and districts may, by con- Towns may 
sent of a majority of the legal voters present at a legal meeting, in resentative 
each of said towns and districts, respectively, called for that pur- districts. 
pose, and held previous to the first day of July, in the year in which 
the decennial census of polls shall be taken, form themselves into a 
representative district to continue until the next decennial census of 
polls, for the election of a representative, or representatives ; and 
such district shall have all the rights, in regard to representation, 



u 



CONSTITUTION OF .AIASSACHUSETTS. 



The gorernor 
and council to 
determine tlie 
number of rep- 
resenUitives to 
wliich each 
town is en- 
titled. 



New apportion- 
ment to be 
made once in 
every ten 
years. 



Inconsistent 

provisions 

annulled. 

Census of in- 
habitiints to be 
talien in 1840, 
and dec«n- 
nially there- 
after, for basis 
of representa- 
tion. 



Senatorial dis- 
tricts declared 
permanent. 
Provisions as 
to senators 
superseded by 
amendments, 
Art. XXII. 



House of rep- 
resentatives, 
how appor- 
tioned. 
Provisions as 
to representa- 
tives super, 
seded by 
amendments, 
Art. XXI. 
Small towns, 
how repre- 
sented. 



Towns may 
unite into rep- 
resentative 
districts. 



which would belonsf to a town containing the same number of rat- 
able polls. 

The governor and council shall ascertain and determine, within 
the months of July and August, in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand eight hundred and thirty-seven, according to the foregoing- 
principles, the number of representatives, which each city, town, 
and representative district is entitled to elect, and the number of 
years, within the period of ten years then next ensuing, that each 
city, town, and representative district may elect an additional rep- 
resentative ; and where any town has not a sufficient number of polls 
to elect a representative each year, then, how many years within 
the ten years, such town may elect a representative ; and the same 
shall be done once in ten years, thereafter, by the governor and 
council, and the number of ratable polls in each decennial census of 
polls, shall determine the number of representatives, which each 
city, town and representative district may elect as aforesaid ; and 
when the number of representatives to be elected by each city, 
town, or representative district is ascertained and determined as 
aforesaid, the governor shall cause the same to be pul)lished forth- 
with for the information of the people, and that number shall re- 
main fixed and unalterable for the period of ten years. 

All the provisions of the existing constitution inconsistent with 
the provisions herein contained, are hereby wholly annulled.] 

Art. XIII. [A census of the inhabitants of each city and town, 
on the first day of j\Iay, shall be taken, and returned into the sec- 
retary's oflice, on or before the last day of June, of the year one 
thousand eight hundred and forty, and of every tenth year there- 
after ; which census shall determine the apportionment of senators 
and representatives for the term of ten years. 

I'rovisions as to census superseded by amendments, Arts. XXI. and XXII. 

The several senatorial districts now existing shall be permanent. 
The senate shall consist of forty members ; and in the j^ear one 
thousand eight hundred and forty, and every tenth year thereafter, 
the governor and council shall assign the number of senators to be 
chosen in each district, according to the number of inhabitants in 
the same. But, in all eases, at least one senator shall be assigned 
to each district. 

The members of the house of representatives shall be apportioned 
in the following manner : Every town or city containing twelve 
hundred inhabitants may elect one representative ; and two thou- 
sand four hundred inhabitants shall be the mean increasing number, 
which shall entitle it to an additional representative. 

Every town containing less than twelve hundred inhabitants shall 
be entitled to elect a representative as many times within ten years 
as the number one hundred and sixty is contained in the number of 
the inhabitants of said town. Such towns may also elect one rep- 
resentative for the year in which the valuation of estates within the 
commonwealth shall be settled. 

Any two or more of the several towns may, by consent of a 
majority of the legal voters present at a legal meeting, in each of 
said towns, respectively, called for that purpose, and held before 
the first day of August, in the year one thousand eight hundred and 
forty, and every tenth year thereafter, form themselves into a rep- 
resentative district, to continue for the term of ten years ; and such 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 4:5 

district shall have all the rights, in regard to representation, which 
would belong to a town containing the same number of inhabitants. 

The number of inhabitants which shall entitle a town to elect one Basis of repre- 
representative, and the mean increasing number which shall entitle ratio of m^*^ 
a town or city to elect more than one, and also the number by *'^^^®- 
which the population of towns not entitled to a representative every 
year is to be divided, shall be increased, respectively, by one-tenth 
of the numbers above mentioned, whenever the population of the 
commonwealth shall have increased to seven hundred and seventy 
thousand, and for every additional increase of seventy thousand 
inhabitants, the same addition of one-tenth shall be made, respec- 
tively, to the said numbers above mentioned. 

In the year of each decennial census, the governor and council and fouuc fuo 

shall, before the first day of September, apportion the number of apportion the 
... I'l I'j 1 • 1... number of rep- 

re presentatives wmcn each city, town, and representative district is resentatives of 

entitled to elect, and ascertain how many years, within ten years, once in every 
any town may elect a representative, which is not entitled to elect *®'^y''^'"^- 
one every year ; and the governor shall cause the same to be pub- 
lished forthwith. 

Nine councillors shall be annually chosen from among the people councillors to 
at large, on the first Wednesday -of January, or as soon thereafter from tiie people 
as may be, by the joint ballot of the senators and representatives, pro'^v'ilfons as 
assembled in one room, who shall, as soon as may be, in like man- gupersededby 
ner, fill up any vacancies that may happen in the council, by death, '^rT'xvi'^*^' 
resignation, or otherwise. No person shall be elected a councillor, Qualifications 
who has not been an inhabitant of this commonwealth for the term ^^ ^councillors. 
of five years immediately preceding his election ; and not more than 
one councillor shall be chosen from any one senatorial district in 
the commonwealth.] 

No possession of a freehold, cJr of any other estate, shall be re- Freehold as a 
quired as a qualification for holding a seat in either branch of the tor a seatTn 
general court, or in the executive council. or°:^u1ilciiuo*t 

Art. XIV. In all elections of civil oflScers by the people of this ^<^q^?"e*i- 

1,1 1 1." • '11/. 11 . . Elections by 

commonwealth, whose election is provided for by the constitution, tiie people to 
the person having the highest number of votes shall be deemed and of votes."^^ ^^^ 
declared to be elected. 

Art. XV. The meeting for the choice of governor, lieutenant- Timeof annual 
governor, senators, and representatives, shall be held on the Tues- emorandieg- 
day next after the first Monday in November, annually ; but in case 23Pic^.'547. 
of a failure to elect representatives on that day, a second meeting 
shall be holden, for that purpose, on the fourth Monday of the same 
month of November. 

Art. XVI. Eight councillors shall be annually chosen by the Eigiitcoun- 
inhabitants of this commonwealth, qualified to vote for governor, cilosen^by'tiie 
The election of councillors shall be determined by the same rule l2lfMa'8s. 595. 
that is required in the election of governor. The legislature, at its 
first session after this amendment shall have been adopted, and at 
its first session after the next state census shall have been taken, 
and at its first session after each decennial state census thereafter- Legisiatwe to 
wards, shall divide the commonwealth into eight districts of con- '^'^^'''^ ^^''^■ 
tiguous territory, each containing a number of inhabitants as nearly 
equal as practicable, without dividing any town or ward of a city, 
and each entitled to elect one councillor : provided, hoireve?', that 
if, at any time, the constitution shall provide for the division of 



46 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Eligibility 
defined. 



Day and man- 
ner of election, 
etc. 

Vacancies, 
liow filled. 
For new provi- 
sion as to 
vacancies, see 
amendments. 
Art. XXV. 



Organization 
of the govern- 
ment. 



Election of 

secretary, 

treasurer, 

auditor, and 

altornej^-gen- 

eral by "the 

people. 

3 Gray, 601. 

8 Gray, 1. 



Vacancies, 
how filled. 



To qualify 
within ten 
days, other- 
wise otiice to 
be deemed 
vacant. 



the commonwealth into forty senatorial districts, then the legis- 
lature shall so arrange the councillor districts, that each district 
sliall consist of five contiguous senatorial districts, as they shall be, 
from time to time, established by the legislature. No person shall 
be eligible to the office of councillor who has not been an inhabitant 
of the commonwealth for the term of five years immediately pre- 
ceding his election. The day and manner of the election, the 
return of the votes, and the declaration of the said elections, shall 
be the same as are required in the election of governor. [When- 
ever there shall be a failure to elect the full number of councillors, 
the vacancies shall be filled in the same manner as is required for 
filling vacancies in the senate ; and vacancies occasioned by death, 
removal from the state, or otherwise, shall be filled in like manner, 
as soon as may be, after such vacancies shall have happened.] 
And that there may be no delay in the organization of the govern- 
ment on the first Wednesday of January, the governor, with at 
least five councillors for the time being, shall, as soon as may be, 
examine the returned copies of the records for the election of gov- 
ernor, lieutenant-governor, and councillors ; and ten days before 
the said first Wednesday in January he shall issue his summons to 
such persons as appear to be chosen, to attend on that day to be 
qualified accordingly ; and the secretary shall lay the returns before 
the senate and house of representatives on the said first Wednesday 
in Januar3% to be by them examined ; and in case of the election 
of either of said officers, the choice shall be by them declared and 
published ; but in case there shall be no election of either of said 
officers, the legislature shall proceed to fill such vacancies in the 
manner provided in the constitution for the choice of such officers. 
Art. XVII. The secretary, treasurer and receiver-general, au- 
ditor, and attorney-general, shall be chosen annually, on the day in 
November prescribed for the choice of governor ; and each person 
then chosen as such, duly qualified in other respects, shall hold his 
office for the term of one year from the third Wednesday in Janu- 
ary next thereafter, and until another is chosen and qualified in his 
stead. The qualification of the voters, the manner of the election, 
the return of the votes, and the declaration of the election, shall be 
such as are required in the election of governor. In case of a failure 
to elect either of said officers on the day in November aforesaid, or 
in case of the decease, in the mean time, of the person elected as 
such, such officer shall be chosen on or before the third Wednesday 
in January next thereafter, from the two persons who had the high- 
est number of votes for said offices on the day in November afore- 
said, by joint ballot of the senators and representatives, in one 
room ; and in case the office of secretaiy, or treasurer and receiver- 
general, or auditor, or attornej^-general, shall become vacant, from 
any cause, during an annual or special session of the general court, 
such vacanc}^ shall in like manner be filled by choice from the people 
at large ; but if such vacancy shall occur at any other time, it shall 
be supplied by the governor by appointment, with the advice and 
consent of the council. The person so chosen or appointed, duly 
qualified in other respects, shall hold his office until his successor is 
chosen and duly qualified in his stead. In case any person chosen 
or appointed to either of the offices aforesaid, shall neglect, for the 
space of ten days after he could otherwise enter upon his duties, to 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 47 

qualify himself in all respects to enter upon the discharge of such 
duties, the office to which he has been elected or appointed shall be 
deemed vacant. No person shall be elio^ible to either of said offices Qualification 

rGCllllSltG 

unless he shall have been an inhabitant of this commonwealth five 
years next preceding his election or appointment. 

Art. XVIII. All moneys raised by taxation in the towns and not tobe'ap-^^^ 
cities for the support of public schools, and all moneys which may J?/an'*schooi^sl^'^' 
be appropriated by the state for the support of common schools, For original 

1 11 !• 1 1 II- 1 111 1 provision as to 

shall be applied to, and expended in, no other schools than those schools, see 
which are conducted according to law, under the order and super- Part First, ' 
intendence of the authorities of the town or city in which the i2^Aiien' 500. 
money is to be expended ; and such moneys shall never be appro- ^^^ ^^^^^- ^** 
priated to any religious sect for the maintenance, exclusively, of its 
own school. 

Art. XIX. The leg-islature shall prescribe, by jjeneral law, for Legislature to 

o -i- ■' •/ o ■' Di'GScriDC lor 

the election of sheriffs, registers of probate, [commissioners of insol- the election of 
vency,] and clerks of the courts, by the people of the several fsteTsofprl". 
counties, and that district-attorneys shall be chosen by the people see^amend- 
of the several districts, for such term of office as the legislature xxxvi^^'' 

shall prescribe. 8 Gray, 1. 110 Mass. 172. 117 Mass. 603. 121 Mass. 65. 3 Gray, 601. 

Art. XX. No person shall have the right to vote, or be eliijible Reading con. 

1 . • /» 1 • i,Li 1 *"! 11 stitiition in 

to office under the constitution oi this commonwealth, who snail English and 
not be able to read the constitution in the English language, and saVy qSaUfii^a-' 
write his name : provided, however, that the provisions of this p^oviso.^"*'^'^^" 
amendment shall not apply to any person prevented by a physical JaSitiSsef' 
disability from complying with its requisitions, nor to an}^ person '^"-t^m!^"**' 
who now has the right to vote, nor to any persons who shall be ^^fg^'^f^^jj^^ 
sixty years of a»e or upwards at the time this amendment shall take Art. xxiii.,' 

nt "^j ^ " which was 

enect. 159 Mass. 413. annulled by 

Art. XXI. A census of the legal voters of each city and town, 1^*: xxvl'' 
on the first day of May, shall be taken and returned into the office census of legal 

^1 1 i» J.I 1 i. 1 i* voters and ot 

of the secretary of the commonwealth, on or beiore the last day 01 inhabitants, 
June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fiifty-seven ; and ^c.*^'^ ^ *^^' 
a census of the inhabitants of each city and town, in the year one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of every tenth year 
thereafter. In the census aforesaid, a special enumeration shall be 
made of the legal voters ; and in each city, said enumeration shall 
specify the number of such legal voters aforesaid, residing in each 
ward of such city. The enumeration aforesaid shall determine the 
apportionment of representatives for the periods between the taking 
of the census. 

The house of representatives shall consist of two hundred and resentati^ves^to 
forty members, which shall be apportioned by the legislature, at its ^^^^^If^Jl^^ 
first session after the return of each enumeration as aforesaid, to the Legislature to 

, apportion, etc. 

several counties ot the commonwealth, equally, as nearly as may 10 Gray, eis. 

114- iViJiRR 214- 

be, according to their relative numbers of legal voters, as ascer- -226. 
tained by the next preceding special enumeration ; and the town of ' 
Cohasset, in the county of Norfolk, shall, for this purpose, as well 
as in the formation of districts, as hereinafter provided, be con- 
sidered a part of the county of Plymouth ; and it shall be the duty Secretary shau 
of the secretary of the commonwealth, to certify, as soon as may be officers author- 
after it is determined by the legislature, the number of representa- countfes.'^' "^ 
tives to which each county shall be entitled, to the board authorized 
to divide each county into representative districts. The mayor and 



4:8 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Meeting for 
division to be 
first Tuesday 
in August. 
Proceedings. 
142 Mass. 601. 



Qualifications 
of representa- 
tives. 
122 Mass. 595. 

Districts to be 
numbered, 
described and 
certified. 



Quorum, see 
amendments, 
Art. XXXIII. 



Census, etc. 



Voters to be 
basis of appor- 
tioument of 
senators. 



Senate to con- 
sist of forty 
members. 

Senatorial dis- 
tricts, etc. 



See amend- 
ments. Art. 
XXIV. 
114 Mass. 214, 
226. 

142 Mass. 601. 
157 Mass. 595. 
Qualifications 
of senators. 
122 Mass. 51)4. 



aldermen of the city of Boston, the county commissioners of other 
counties than Suffolk, — or in lieu of tlie maj^or and aldermen of 
the cit}^ of Boston, or of the county commissioners in each county 
other than Suffolk, such board of special commissioners in each 
county, to be elected by tlie people of the county, or of the towns 
therein, as may for that purpose be provided by law, — shall on the 
first Tuesday of August next after each assignment of representa- 
tives to each county, assemble at a sliire town of their respective 
counties, and proceed, as soon as may be, to divide the same into 
representative districts of contiguous territory, so as to apportion 
the representation assigned to each county equally, as nearly as may 
be, according to tlie relative number of legal voters in the several 
districts of each county ; and such districts shall be so formed that 
no town or ward of a city shall be divided therefor, nor shall any 
district be made which shall be entitled to elect more than three rep- 
resentatives. Every representative, for one year at least next pre- 
ceding his election, shall have been an inhabitant of the district for 
which he is chosen, and shall cease to represent such district when 
he shall cease to be an inhabitant of the commonwealth. The dis- 
tricts in each county shall be numbered by the board creating the 
same, and a description of each, with the numbers thereof and the 
number of legal voters therein, shall be returned by the board, to 
the secretary of the commonwealth, the county treasurer of each 
county, and to the clerk of every town in each district, to be filed 
and kept in theu' respective offices. The manner of calling and con- 
ducting tlie meetings for the choice of representatives, and of ascer- 
taining their election, shall be prescribed by law. [Not less than 
one hundred members of the house of representatives shall consti- 
tute a quorum for doing business ; but a less number may organize 
temporarily, adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance 
of absent members.] 

Art. XXII. A census of the legal voters of each city and town, 
on the fii'st day of May, shall be taken and returned into the office 
of the secretary of the commonwealth, on or before the last day of 
June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven ; and 
a census of the inhabitants of each city and town, in the year one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of every tenth year 
thereafter. In the census aforesaid, a special enumeration shall be 
made of the legal voters, and in each city said enumeration shall 
specify the number of such legal voters aforesaid, residing in each 
ward of such city. The enumeration aforesaid shall determine the 
apportionment of senators for the periods between the taking of the 
census. The senate shall consist of forty members. The general 
court shall, at its first session after each next preceding special enu- 
meration, divide the commonwealth into forty districts of adjacent 
territory, each district to contain, as nearly as may be, an equal 
number of legal voters, according to the enumeration aforesaid : 
provided, however, that no town or ward of a city shall be divided 
therefor ; and such districts shall be formed, as nearly as may be, 
without uniting two counties, or parts of two or more counties, into 
one district. Each district shall elect one senator, who shall have 
been an inhabitant of this commonwealth five years at least imme- 
diately j)reccding his election, and at the time of his election shall 
be an inhabitant of the district for which he is chosen : and he shall 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 49 

cease to represent such senatorial district when he shall cease to 

be an inhabitant of the commonwealth. [Not less than sixteen sena- Qiiorimi, see 

tors shall constitute a quorum for doing business , but a less num- Art. xxxiii'. 

ber may organize temporarily, adjourn from day to day, and compel 

the attendance of absent members.] 

Art. XXIII. [No person of foreign birth shall be entitled to Residence of 
vote or shall be eligible to office, unless he shall have resided within muured of 
the jurisdiction of the United States for two years subsequent to ^mzens.To^en- 
his naturalization, and shall be otherwise qualified, according to the or makl^^S?'^ 
constitution and laws of this commonwealth : provided, that this ^\e to office. 

in f\* 1 •! !•! /»/•• Xllifi urtici6 

amendment shall not aiiect the rights which any person or foreign annulled by 
bu'th possessed at the time of the adoption thereof; and provided, 
farther, that it shall not affect the rights of any child of a citizen of 
the United States, born during the temporary absence of the parent 
therefrom.] 

Art. XXIV. Any vacancy in the senate shall be filled by elec- vacancies in 
tion by the people of the unrepresented district, upon the order of 
a majority of the senators elected. 

Art. XXV. In case of a vacancy in the council, from a failure vacancies m 
of election, or other cause, the senate and house of representatives 
shall, by concurrent vote, choose some eligible person from the 
people of the district wherein such vacancy occurs, to fill that office. 
If such vacancy shall happen when the legislature is not in session, 
the governor, with the advice and consent of the council, may fill 
the same by appointment of some eligible person. 

Art. XXVI. The twenty-third article of the articles of amend- Se'of """'^ 
ment of the constitution of this commonwealth, which is as follows, amendments 

' .11 annulled. 

to wit: ">;o person of foreign birth shall be entitled to vote, or 
shall be eligible to office, unless he shall have resided within the 
jurisdiction of the United States for two years subsequent to his 
naturalization, and shall be otherwise qualified, according to the 
constitution and laws of this commonwealth : provided, that this 
amendment shall not affect the rights which any person of foreign 
birth possessed at the time of the adoption thereof; and provided, 
further, that it shall not affect the rights of any child of a citizen 
of the United States, born during the temporary absence of the 
parent therefrom," is hereby wholly annulled. 

Art. XXVII. So much of article two of chapter six of the con- Provisions of 

(, , . , , , 1 1 i- ii Art. II., Chai). 

stitution of this commonwealth as relates to persons holding the vi., relating to 
office of president, professor, or instructor of Harvard College, is vard college, ' 
hereby annulled. *''°"^'^''- 

Art. XXVIII. No person having served in the army or navy supers^d^dby 
of the United States in time of war, and having been honorably dis- 
charged from such service, if otherwise qualified to vote, shall be 
disqualified therefor on account of being a pauper ; or, if a pauper, 
because of the non-payment of a poll tax. 

Art. XXIX. The general court shall have full power and au- yoting_pre. 
thority to provide for the inhabitants of the towns in this com- towns, 
monwealth more than one place of public meeting within the 
limits of each town for the election of officers under the con- 
stitution, and to prescribe the manner of calling, holding and 
conducting such meetings. All the provisions of the existing 
constitution inconsistent with the provisions herein contained are 
hereby annulled. 



50 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



Voters not dis- 
qualified by 
reason of 
change of resi- 
dence until six 
months from 
time of re- 
moval. 



Amendments, 
Art. XXVIIl. 
amended. 



Person who 
served in army 
or navy, etc., 
not disqual- 
ified from vot- 
ing for non- 
payment of 
poll tax. 

Provisions of 
amendments, 
Art. III., rela- 
tive to a pay- 
ment of a tax 
as a voting 
qualification, 
annulled. 
159 Mass. 413. 



Quorum, in 
eacli Ijranch of 
the general 
court, to con- 
sist of a ma- 
jority of 
members. 



Provisions of 
Art. II., § I., 
Chap. II., Part 
II., relative to 
property quali- 
fication of 
governor, 
annulled. 

Provisions of 
Art. II., § III., 
Chap. I., rela- 
tive to expense 
of travelling 
to the general 
assembly bv 
members of 
the house, 
annulled. 



Amendments, 
Art. XIX. 
amended. 



Akt. XXX. No person, otherwise qualified to vote in elections 
for governor, lieutenant-governor, senators, and representatives, 
shall, b}' reason of a change of residence within the commonwealth, 
be disqualified from voting for said officers in the city or town from 
which he has removed his residence, until the expiration of six 
calendar months from the time of such removal. 

Art. XXXI. Article twenty-eight of the amendments of the 
constitution is hereby amended by striking out in the fourth line 
thereof the words " being a pauper ", and inserting in place thereof 
the words : — receiving or having received aid from any city or 
town, — and also by striking out in said fourth line the words " if 
a pauper ", so that the article as amended shall read as follows : 
Article XXVIII. No person having served in the army or navy 
of the United States in time of war, and having been honorably dis- 
charged from such service, if otherwise qualified to vote, shall be 
disqualified therefor on account of receiving or having received aid 
from any city or town, or because of the non-payment of a poll tax. 

Art. XXXII. So much of article three of the amendments of 
the constitution of the commonwealth as is contained in the follow- 
ing words : " and who shall have paid, by himself, or his parent, 
master, or guardian, any state or county tax, which shall, within 
two years next preceding such election, have been assessed upon 
him, in any town or district of this commonwealth ; and also every 
citizen who shall be, by law, exempted from taxation, and who shall 
be, in all other respects, qualified as above mentioned ", is hereby 
annulled. 

Art. XXXIII. A majority of the members of each branch of the 
general court shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of busi- 
ness, but a less number may adjourn from day to day, and compel 
the attendance of absent members. All the provisions of the exist- 
ing constitution inconsistent with the provisions herein contained are 
hereby annulled. 

Art. XXXIV. So much of article two of section one of chapter 
two of part the second of the constitution of the commonwealth as is 
contained in the following words : " and unless he shall at the same 
time be seised, in his own right, of a freehold, within the common- 
wealth, of the value of one thousand pounds", is hereby annulled. 

Art.. XXXV. So much of article two of section tliree of chap- 
ter one of the constitution of the commonwealth as is contained in the 



following words 



The expenses of travelling to the general as- 



sembly, and returning home, once in every session, and no more, 
shall he paid by the government, out of the public treasury, to every 
member who shall attend as seasonably as he can, in the judgment of 
the house, and does not depart without leave", is hereby annulled. 
Art. XXXVI. So much of article nineteen of the articles of 
amendment to the constitution of the commonwealth as is contained 
in the following words : " commissioners of insolvency ", is hereby 
annulled. 



The constitution of Massachusetts was agreed upon i)y delegates of the people, in convention, 
begun and held at Cambridge, on the first day of September, 1779, and continued by adjournments 
to the second day of March, 1780, when the convention adjourned to meet on tlie first Wednesday 
of the ensuing .Tune. In the mean time the constitution was submitted to the people, to be adopted 
by them, provided two-thirds of the votes given should be in the affirmative. When the conven- 
tion assembled, it was found that the constitution had been adopted by the requisite number of 



CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS. 51 

votes, and the convention accordingly Resolved, " That the said Constitution or Frame of Govern- 
ment shall take place on the last Wednesday of October next; and not before, for any purpose, 
save only for that of making elections, agreeable to this resolution." The first legislature assem- 
bled at Boston, on the twenty-fifth day of October, 1780. 

The first nine Articles of Amendment were submitted, by delegates in convention assembled, 
November 15, 1820, to the people, and by them ratified and adopted April 9, 1821. 

The tenth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1829-30 and 1830-31, 
respectively, and was approved and ratified by the people May 11, 1831. 

The eleventh Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1832 and 1833, 
respectively, and was approved and ratified by the people November 11, 1833. 

The twelfth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1835 and 1836, 
respectively, and was approved and ratified by the people the fourteenth day of November, 1836. 

The thirteenth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1839 and 1840, 
respectively, and was approved and ratified by the people the sixth day of April, 1840. 

The fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth Articles were 
adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1854 and 1855, respectively, and ratified by the 
people the twenty-third day of May, 1855. 

The twentieth, twenty-flrst, and twenty-second Articles were adopted by the legislatures of the 
political years 1856 and 1857, respectively, and ratified by the people on the first day of May, 1857. 

The twenty-third Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1858 and 1859, 
respectively, and ratified by the people on the ninth day of May, 1859, and was repealed by the 
twenty-sixth Amendment. 

The twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth Articles were adopted by the legislatures of the political 
years 1859 and 1860, and ratified by the people on the seventh day of May, 1860. 

The twenty-sixth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1862 and 1863, 
and ratified by the people on the sixth day of April, 1863. 

The twenty-seventh Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1876 and 1877, 
and was approved and ratified by the people on the sixth day of November, 1877. 

The twenty -eighth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1880 and 1881, 
and was approved and ratified by the people on the eighth day of November, 1881. 

The twenty-ninth Article was adopted by the legislattires of the political years 1884 and 1885, 
and was approved and ratified by the people on the third day of November, 1885. 

The thirtieth and thirty-first Articles were adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1889 
and 1890, and were approved and ratified by the people on the fourth day of November, 1890. 

The thirty-second and thirty-third Articles were adopted by the legislatures of the political 
years 1890 and 1891, and were approved and ratified by the people on the third day of Novem- 
ber, 1891. 

The thirty-fourth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1891 and 1892, 
and was approved and ratified by the people on the eighth day of November, 1892. 

The thirty-fifth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1892 and 1893, and 
was approved and ratified by the people on the seventh day of November, 1893. 

The thirty-sixth Article was adopted by the legislatures of the political years 1893 and 1894, and 
was approved and ratified by the people on the sixth day of November, 1894. 



EEYISED LAWS 



MASSACHUSETTS. 



€ommontt)£altl) of ittassacljusctts. 



IN THE YEAR ONE THOUSAND NINE HUNDEED AND ONE. 



AN ACT 



CONSOLIDATING AND ARRANGING 



GENERAL STATUTES 



COMMONWEALTH. 



Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled^ and by the authority of the same: 



PART I. 

OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE GOVERNMENT. 



TITLE I. 

OF THE JURISDICTION, ARMS AND GREAT SEAL OF THE COMMON- 
WEALTH, THE GENERAL COURT, THE GOVERNOR AND 
COUNCIL, THE EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, THE STAT- 
UTES, THE PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF 
THE LAWS AND PUBLIC DOCUMENTS, 
THE STATE HOUSE, ETC. 



Chapter 1 . — Of the Jurisdiction of the Commonwealth and Places ceded to 
the United States. 

Chapter 2. — Of the Arms and the Great Seal of the Commonwealth. 

Chapter 3. — Of the General Court. 

Chapter 4. — Of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Council. 

Chapter 5. — Of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Chapter 6. — Of the Treasurer and Receiver General, the Auditor of Accounts 
and Matters of Finance. 

Chapter 7. — Of the Attorney General and the District Attorneys. 

Chapter 8. — Of the Statutes. 

Chapter 9. — Of the Printing and Distribution of the Laws and Public Docu- 
ments . 

Chapter 10. — Of the State House, the Sergeant-at-Arms and the State Library. 



CHAPTEE 1. 

OF THE JURISDICTION OF THE COMMONWEALTH AND PLACES CEDED TO 

THE UNITED STATES. 

1 Section 1. All persons who are citizens of the United States citizenship 

2 and who are domiciled in this commonwealth are citizens thereof. 

1 Section 2. The sovereignty and jurisdiction of the common- .Tiirisdiction 

2 wealth extend to all places within the boundaries thereof, subject monweaith. 

3 to the concurrent jurisdiction granted over places ceded to theGl'i'l^' 

4 United States. p.s:i:§2: 

1 Section 3. The territorial limits of this commonwealth extend ni^tl*of tL 

2 one marine league from its sea shore at extreme low water mark, common. 

o wealth. 

[55] 



56 



JURISDICTIOX OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 



[Chap. 1. 



G^s T^§ 1 ^^ ^'^ inlet or arm of the sea does not exceed two marine leagues 3 

for'a^' l"6 ^^ width between its headlands, a straight line from one headland to 4 

147 Mass. 64. the Other is equivalent to the shore line. 5 

152 Mass. 230. 5 Mason, 290. 139 U. S. 240. 



Repair of state 
boundaries. 
1898, 299. 
1901, 469, § 1. 



Section 4. The board of harbor and land commissioners shall 1 

in the year nineteen hundred and five and in every fifth year there- 2 

after examine and inspect all the monmnents or other marks defin- 3 

ing the location of the boundary lines of the commonwealth, and if 4 

any of them have been injured, displaced, removed or lost, said 5 

commissioners shall, in co-operation with persons duly authorized 6 

by the adjoining state, restore them or replace them with suitable 7 

stone monuments, and in the same manner set suitable stone monu- 8 

ments at points not properly marked where the state boundary is 9 

intersected by the boundary of any counties, cities or towns in the 10 

commonwealth or by a highw^aj^ or railroad. If officers of adjoining 11 

states are required to make such examination or inspection at other 12 

times than are above prescribed, said commissioners may at such 13 

other times co-operate with said officers as aforesaid. They shall 14 

include the estimated cost of such work in their annual estimates to 15 

the auditor of accounts. 16 



Places ceded 
to the United 

States. 
K. S. 1, « 2. 
G. S. 1, § 3. 
P. S. 1, § 3. 
8 Mass. 77. 
17 Pick. 298. 
1 Met. 580. 



Beacons. 
1790, 4, § 1. 
1819, 69, § 1. 
1832, 41. 
1834, 39. 
1855. 17. 



Buoys. 
1790, 4, § 1. 



Custom 
houses. 
1855, 21, 127. 

Hospitals, etc. 
1803, 65. 

1825, 181. 
1827, 66. 
1848, 167. 

Islands, etc. 
1798, 13, §§ 1, 2. 
1807, 125. 

1846, 16. 
1821, 35. 



1855, 17. 

1856, 100. 

Lighthouses, 
etc. 

1796, 25, § 1. 



Section 5. The several places ceded to the United States for 1 

arsenals, beacons, custom houses, dock yards, forts, hospitals, light- 2 

houses, military stations, post offices or other purposes, and over 3 

which concurrent jurisdiction has been granted to the United States, 4 

shall continue to be subject to such concurrent jurisdiction, accord- 5 

ing to the tenor and eflect of the respective laws by which they 6 

were ceded ; that is to say : — 7 

For beacons, the spit of sand near Light House Island in Boston 8 

harbor ; 9 

Half- Way Rock in Boston Bay ; 10 

Nix's Mate in Boston harbor ; 1 1 

A site on Point Allerton Bar in Boston harbor ; 12 

A site on the island of Nantucket ; 13 

The four buoys at the mouth of Merrimack River, — namely, one 14 

on the Hum Sands, one on the Sunken Rocks, one on the Ganway 15 

Rock and one on the Half Tide Rocks ; 16 

Tracts of land in Barnstable, Boston, Fall River, Gloucester, New 17 

Bedford, Newbury|:)ort and Salem, for custom houses ; 18 

A tract of land on Martha's Vineyard and the building erected 19 

thereon as a hospital ; 20 

Tracts of land in Chelsea for hospitals and a depot of ordnance 21 

stores ; 22 

Castle Island, Governor's Island, George's Island and Lo veil's 23 

Island, in Boston harbor ; 24 

A part of Tinker's Island, Marblehead Rock and the East Rock 25 

of Cat Island ; 26 

Egg Rock Island near Nahant ; 27 

Egg Island Shoal in New Bedford harbor ; 28 

The several lighthouses and the lands and tenements thereunto 29 

belonging, as follows : — ^0 

A tract of land on Baker's Island ; 31 

A tract of land at east end of Derby Wharf in Salem ; 32 



Chap. 1.] places ceded to the united states. 57 

33 Tracts of land on Light House Island, on Long Island Head, Jgie' 69^/3 

34 Spectacle Island, and a submarine tract on Deer Island Point and ^^55,17'. 

35 at the Spit, in Boston harbor ; 

36 Minot's Rock or Ledge in Massachusetts Bay and a tract of 1^8'42^" 

37 land in Cohasset for a light keeper's house, warehouse and wharf, 

38 for the convenience of Minot's Ledge light ; 

39 A tract of land on Monamoy Point in the county of Barnstable ; 1823, 12. 

40 A tract of land at Bass River in the county of Barnstable ; isos, 288. 

41 A tract of land at Hyannis in the town of Barnstable ; 1849, 67. 

42 A tract of land on Billingsgate Island ; issT.iie. 1822,1. 

43 Bird Island and Dumpling^Rock in Buzzard's Bay ; Jll 69, § 2. 

44 A tract of land on Cape Cod ; 11m, 25, § 1! 

45 Tracts of land at Cape Poge ; J^oo, 70. 

46 A tract of land at or near the entrance of Chatham harbor and isoe! 21, 79. 

47 at Stage harbor in Chatham ; 

48 A tract of land on the island of Cuttyhunk ; 1^22, 23. 

49 A tract of land near Nauset Beach in Eastham ; ^^^' ^^^ 

50 A tract of land on Nobsque Point in Falmouth ; ' i^^^- 3"' § ^■ 

51 A tract of land in Falmouth at a place now or formerly called 1867,286. 

52 Wood's Hole; 

53 A tract of land on Hospital Point in Beverly ; 

54 A tract of land for lighthouses on Wigwam Point and Eastern isoo,?. 

55 Point in Gloucester ; 

56 A tract of land in Newbury port for range lights ; 

57 Ten Pound Island in Gloucester harbor; 1820,3. 

58 Straitsmouth Island ; i835, 151. 

59 A tract of land on Ipswich Beach in Ipswich ; 1^^' i^*- 

60 A tract of land at the Neck in Marblehead ; is^o, 98. 

61 A tract of land on East Chop in Vineyard Haven harbor ; 

62 A tract of land on the West Chop of Holmes' Hole on Martha's i8i7,2. 

63 Vineyard ; 

64 Three tracts of land at the head of Holmes' Hole harbor in Tis- i853, 72. 

65 bury; 

QQ A submarine tract of land known as Bishop and Clerks Ledge 1874,130. 

67 in Vineyard Sound ; 

6S A tract of land at the entrance of Edgartown harbor ; ^^^^> ^'^' § ^• 

69 A tract of land at Gay Head ; i^^s, eo. 

70 A tract of land on Sandy Point in Nantucket ; 1^^' *- § ^^ 

71 A tract of land on Brant Point at the entrance of Nantucket {^||' }|g 

72 harbor ; 

73 A tract of land in Nantucket ; i^^s, m. 

74 A tract of land at Sancoty Head in Nantucket ; 1^49, 100. 

75 A tract of land at the end of Clarke's Point in New Bedford ; ^^' ^'^• 

76 A tract of land on Palmer's Island in New Bedford harbor ; i*^^- ^^■ 

77 A submarine site on Butler Flats in New Bedford harbor ; 

78 Tracts of land on the north end of Plumb Island ; 1™' *> § ^• 

79 A submarine tract of land at Duxbury Pier in Plymouth ; i^"*' i^^- 

80 A tract of land on the Gurnet Head in the town of Plymouth ; ^™' *• § ^• 

81 A tract of land on Race Point in Provincetown ; i^i6, 47, § 1. 

82 A tract of land at or near Tarpaulin Cove on Naushon Island ; isn'?^' ^^' 

83 Tracts of land on Long Point and at Wood End in Province- i826, 38. 

84 town ; 

85 A tract of land on Sandy Neck in the town of Barnstable ; ^^^6, 38. 

86 A tract of land on House Point Island in Provincetown ; i864, 77. 



58 



PLACES CEDED TO THE UNITED STATES. 



[Chap. 1. 



1838, 138. 

1849, 14. 

1810, 54. 

1790, 4, § 1. 

1849, 40. 
1855, 17. 
1838, 164. 

1855, 17. 
1858, 53. 

Military 
works, etc. 

1800, 26. 
1825, 8. 
1862, 195. 

1868, 292, 293. 

1869, 7. 

1897, 240, § 2. 
1901, 232. 

1898, 512. 
1864, 283. 



1856, 100. 

1857, 119. 

1869, 458. 

1870, 396. 

1865, 109. 
1798, 13, § 2. 
1816, 15. 

1891, 81. 

Piers, etc. 
1828, 63. 

1816, 1. 



Post offices, 

etc. 

1868, 323. 

1891, 197. 



Sea walls, etc. 
1867, 315. 
1889, 27. 



1853, 306. 



1849, 45. 
1853, 296, 396. 



1847, 235. 
1874, 383, § 2. 



A tract of land at Nid's Point in Rochester ; 87 

A tract of land on Wing's Neck in Sandwich ; 88 

A tract of land at the entrance of Scituate harbor; 89 

Tracts of land on Thacher's Island ; 90 

Tracts of land in Truro ; 9 1 

A tract of land on Mayo's Beach in Wellfleet ; 92 

Tracts of land on Point of Rocks at the entrance of Westport 93 

harbor ; 94 

The several tracts of land used for military and naval purposes, 95 

as follows : — 96 

A tract of land for a navy yard in Boston ; 97 

1867, 35. 1868, 249. 1899, 64. 1900, 247. 

Tracts of land on Long Island in Boston harbor for military 98 

works, sea wall and landing place ; 1900, ns. 99 

Part of the northerly end of Peddock's Island in Boston harbor ; 100 
Two tracts of land in Hull ; 101 

A tract of land in Maiden for a naval and military ordnance yard 102 

and depot ; ' 103 

Tracts of land on Clarke's Point in New Bedford ; 104 

Sites of Fort Andrew and Fort Standish, near the entrance of 105 

Plymouth harbor ; 10() 

Winter Island in Salem harbor ; 107 

A tract of land in Springfield ; 108 

A tract of land in Watertown, for forts, magazines, arsenals, 109 

dock yards and other buildings ; 110 

Two tracts of land in Winthrop ; 111 

A tract of land near the mouth of Merrimack River in Newbury, 112 

for a pier or breakwater ; 113 

The rocks and flats under the piers in Merrimack River called 114 

the Half Tide Rocks and North Rocks ; 115 

Several tracts of land in Boston, for a post office and sub- 116 

treasury ; i870, 327. 1871, 82. 1873, i89. 117 

Tracts of land in Brockton, Fall River, Haverhill, Lowell, Lynn, 118 

New Bedford, Newburyport, Salem, Springfield, Taunton, Vineyard 119 

Haven and Worcester, for post offices ; 120 

A tract of land on Gallop's Island and a tract of land on Point 121 

Allerton in Boston harbor, for the construction and protection of 122 

sea walls ; 123 

Such tracts of land in Falmouth as are necessary for the con- 124 

struction and maintenance of a sea wall in the harbor of Great 125 

Wood's Hole ; 126 

A tract of land on Great Brewster Island in Boston harbor ; 127 

Tract,s of land in Provincetown and Truro, for the preservation 128 

of Cape Cod harbor ; 129 

A tract of land in Fairhaven ; Sow and Pigs Island, lying off 130 

the southwest side of the island of Cutty hunk; and Sow and Pigs 131 

reef. 132 



Concurrent 
jurisdiction in 
c«ded land. 

1871, 233. 

1872, 3f>9. 

1873, 43. 

1874, 383, § 1. 

1875, 35. 

P. S. 1, § 4. 
1882, 131. 



Section 6. If the United States have acquired or hereafter ac- 1 

quire a title thereto in fee, they shall have jurisdiction over any 2 

tracts of land within the commonwealth which may be necessary 3 

for the erection of marine hospitals, customs offices, post offices, 4 

life-saving stations, lighthouses, beacon lights, range lights, light 5 

keepers' dwellings or signals for navigators or for the use of the 6 



Chap. 1.] places ceded to the united states. 59 

7 United States fish and fisheries commission ; but a suitable plan 

8 of any such tract shall be filed in the office of the secretary of the 

9 commonwealth within one year after the title thereto has been ac- 

10 quired. But the commonwealth shall retain concurrent jurisdiction 

11 with the United States in and over all such tracts of land to the 

12 extent that all civil and criminal processes issuing under authority 

13 of the commonwealth may be executed thereon in the same way 

14 and manner as if jurisdiction had not been ceded as aforesaid, and 

15 exclusive jurisdiction over any such tract shall revest in the com- 

16 monwealth if such tract ceases to be used by the United States for 

17 such public purposes. 

1 Section 7. If the agents of the United States and the persons compensation 

to o^vnGrs etc 

2 owning or interested in any estate which may be necessary for the i87i, 233, §'i. 

3 public purposes mentioned in section six cannot agree upon the 1879I262! 

4 price to be paid for the interest of such persons therein, either foe Masi^e. 

5 party may file a petition in the superior court for the county in \\^ ^^^^; l^^. 

6 which such estate lies, praying for a valuation thereof. Such peti- 

7 tion shall contain a description of the premises to wliich it relates ; 

8 and the court, after notice to all parties interested, shall hear the 

9 parties and finally determine by a jury the value of their said estate. 

10 Such notice may be ordered by the court at any time in any county. 

11 If a person other than the owners of the fee of such estate appears 

12 and claims any interest therein, the value to the owners of the fee 

13 and to all other persons interested shall be ascertained and appor- 

14 tioned in the manner provided for the assessment of damages in 

15 section twenty-two of chapter forty-eight. If the value so deter- 

16 mined, with costs and reasonable expenses to be taxed by the court, 
■17 is, within one month after final judgment, paid or tendered to said 

18 owners or persons interested, or in case of their neglect or refusal to 

19 receive the same, if it is paid into the treasury of the commonwealth 

20 for their use and subject to their order, the fee of said estate shall 

21 thereupon vest in the United States. 

1 Section 8. The board of harbor and land commissioners, with ^hf umfed^^ "^^ 

2 the approval of the governor and council, may, upon the application ^wned bV the 

3 of an agent of the United States, in the name and behalf of the ^J^J^^o^^- 

4 commonwealth, convey to the United States the title of the com- isso, m. 

5 monwealth to any tracts of land covered by navigable waters and ' ' ' 

6 necessary for the purpose of erecting lighthouses, beacon lights, 

7 range lights, or other aids to navigation, or light keepers' dwell- 

8 ings ; but such title shall revert to the commonwealth if such land 

9 ceases to be used for such purposes. 

1 Section 9. Persons employed on the coast survey, under the officers of 

r\ 1 • /. 1 TT . 1 /-I 1 1 •j_i • J.1 - coast survey 

2 authority of the United States, may enter upon land within this may enter on 

3 commonwealth when it may be necessary for the purposes of said i845,'i92,'§ 1. 

4 survey, and may erect works, stations, buildings and appurtenances p;|;J;|1' 

5 requisite for that purpose, if they do no unnecessary injury. i^ieli!^^' ^*^' 

1 Section 10. K the parties interested cannot agree upon the Countycom-^ 

2 amount to be paid for damages caused thereby, either of them may assess dam- 

3 petition the county commissioners for the county in which the land m5!'i92, §§ 2, 3. 

4 lies, who shall appoint a time for a hearing as soon as may be and, p.f.'ijg." 



60 



THE ARMS AND THE GREAT SEAL. 



[Chap. 2. 



after at least fourteen days' notice to all persons interested, hear 5 

the parties and assess the damages. 6 

S'm^'fre'foTt^ Section 11. The county commissioners shall file in the office of 1 

Appeal. Trial! the clcrlv of the courts, or, in the county of Suffolk in the office 2 

G. s. Cf6.' of the clerk of the superior coui-t for civil business, a report of 3 

their doings, which shall he conclusive unless one of the parties, 4 

within sixty days after the filing thereof, files a petition for a trial ; 5 

in which case, after notice to the opposite party, a trial shall be had 6 

in said court. 7 



p. s. 1, § ]0. 



amend^s*'*Costs SECTION 12. The pcrson SO entering upon land may make to 1 

after refusal, the pcrsou injured a tender of damages therefor ; and if the dam- 2 

G. s. i, § 7. ■ ao;es finally assessed do not exceed the amount tendered, the defend- 3 

■ ■ ' ant shall recover costs ; otherwise the plaintiff shall recover costs. 4 



Penalty for 
iniury to sig- 
nals, etc. 
1845, 192, § 7. 
G. S. 1, § 9. 
P. S. 1, § 13. 



Section 13. Whoever wilfully injures, defaces or removes a 1 

signal, monument, building or appurtenance thereto, erected, used 2 

or constructed under the authority of the United States shall for 3 

each offence be punished by a fine of fifty dollars and shall be liable 4 

to the United States for all damages so sustained, to be recovered 5 

in an action of tort. 6 



CHAPTEK 2. 



Arms of the 
common- 
wealth. 
1885, 288, § 2. 
Quincy, 468. 



Official repre- 
sentation. 
1898, 519. 



Great seal of 
the common- 
wealth. 
1885, 288, § 1. 



Existing seal 
to be 
official. 
18&5, 288, § 3. 
1898, 519. 



OF THE ARMS AND THE GREAT SEAL OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 

Section 1. The arms of the commonwealth shall consist of a 1 

shield having a blue field or surface with an Indian thereon, dressed 2 

in a shirt and moccasins, holding in his right hand a bow, and in 3 

his left hand an arrow, point downward, all of gold; and, in the 4 

upper corner of the field, above his right arm, a silver star with 5 

five points. The crest shall be a wreath of l)lue and gold, whereon, 6 

in gold, shall be a right arm, lient at the elliow, clothed and ruffied, 7 

with the hand grasping a broadsword. The motto shall be " Ense 8 

petit placidam sub libertate quietem." 9 

Section 2. The coat-of-arms as drawn and emblazoned under 1 

the direction of the secretary of the commonwealth in the year 2 

eighteen hundred and ninety-eight and deposited in his office shall 3 

be the official representation of the coat-of-arms of the common- 4 

wealth of Massachusetts, and all designs of said coat-of-arms for 5 

official use shall conform strictly to said representation. 6 

Section 3. The great seal of the commonwealth shall be cir- 1 

cular in form, l^earing upon its face a representation of the arms 2 

of the commonwealth encircled with the inscription, " Sigillum 3 

Reipublicae Massachusettensis." The colors of the arms shall not 4 

be an essential part of said seal, but an impression from a seal 5 

engraved according to said design, on any commission, paper or 6 

document shall be valid without the use of such colors or the rep- 7 

resentation thereof by the customary heraldic lines or marks. 8 

Section 4. The seal of the commonwealth in use in the office 1 

of the secretary of the commonwealth when this act takes effect 2 

shall be the authorized seal so lonir as its use may l)e continued. 3 



Chap. 3.] the general court. Q1 

CHAPTEE 3. 

OF THE GENERAL COURT. 

Sections 1-4. — Organization of the House of Representatives. 
Section? 5-7. — Petitions to tlie General Court. 
Sections 8-10. — Compensation of Members. 
Sections 11-14. — Ofl&cers and their Compensation. 
Sections 15-22. — Miscellaneous Provisions. 
Sections 23-32. — Legislative Counsel and Agents. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

1 Section 1. The secretary of the commonwealth shall receive secretary to 

2 and examine the certificates of the election of representatives to iTye^i^fs"ts of " 

3 the general court returned into his office, and shall make a list of u?rned.^^*^ 

4 the persons therein named. On the Tuesday next preceding the g^'^^V/*'''' 

5 first Wednesday of January in each year he shall deliver to the ^- ^- 2.' § i- 

6 sergeant-at-arms a list of the persons then returned and, upon re- 

7 ceiving any further certificates before the house of representatives is 

8 called to order, he shall immediately make and deliver to the ser- 

9 geant-at-arms a list of the persons returned by such further certifi- 

10 cates. He shall also transmit the certificates, with a list of all persons 

11 returned, to the house of representatives as soon as the members 

12 are called to order. 

1 Section 2. The persons whose names are borne on the lists Persons named 

2 delivered to the sergeant-at-arms shall be admitted by him to take take^Lots^as 

3 seats as members in the representatives' chamber on said first m4"i43f§5. 

4 Wednesday of January or at any time thereafter. p" I' I'll' 

1 Section 3. On said first Wednesday of January, between the when, and hy 

2 hours of ten in the forenoon and twelve at noon, the persons so shauVcaiied 

3 returned and admitted as members into the representatives' chamber wh'Jshaii prl 

4 shall be called to order by the eldest senior member present, who l^'us ?? 

5 shall be the presiding ofiicer of the house until a speaker is chosen pfl'll' 

6 or the house otherwise determines. 

1 Section 4. A person having a certificate or other documentary Persons hav- 

2 evidence of his election as a representative whose name is not on cafesretc.^ but 

3 said lists may, after the house has been called to order, present such present ctI- *° 

4 certificate or evidence to the presiding ofiicer, or to the speaker if ^din^ offlcen^" 

5 one has been chosen, who shall communicate the same to the house J?*t' l^^- \ ^• 

6 for its action thereon ; but such person shall not take a seat as a p- s- 2, § 4. 

7 member until permitted so to do by the house. 

petitions to the general court. 

1 Section 5. Whoever intends to present to the general court a Notice of cer- 

2 petition for the incorporation of a city or town, for the division of to\ypub.°'^^ 

3 an existing city or town, for the incorporation of a railroad, street 1831^43, §1. 

4 railway, elevated railroad or canal company or for the amendment, r.^|'.|%§7, g. 

5 alteration or extension of the charter or corporate powers or privi- ^^^' f ^^/|_\"^" 

6 leges of any such company, whether specially incorporated or organ- is'i. 381, § u. 

7 ized under general laws, or for authority to take water for a water i885,"24,§ i. ' 



62 



THE GENERAL COURT. 



[Chap. 3. 



1890, 302. 
114 Mass. 592, 
599, 600. 



supply, or relative to building structures over navigable or tide 8 

waters, shall give notice of such petition by publishing a copy thereof 9 

once in each of three successive weeks in such newspaper or news- 10 

papers as the secretary of the commonwealth, having regard to the 11 

locality of the interests involved in such petition, sliall direct ; the 12 

last publication to be made at least fourteen days before the session 13 

at which the petition is to be presented. ^ 14 



Notice of peti- 
tions for incor- 
poration of 
educational in- 
stitutions. 
1896, 381, § 1. 



Section 6. Whoever intends to present to the general court a 1 

petition for the incorporation of a college, university or other edu- 2 

cational institution, with power to grant degi*ees, or for such an 3 

amendment to the charter of an existing educational institution as 4 

will give to it power to grant degrees shall give notice of such peti- 5 

tion by publishing a copy thereof, in the manner required in section 6 

five, in such newspaper or newspapers as the secretary of the board 7 

of education shall direct. 8 



Deposit of peti- 
tions. 

1857, 261, § 5. 
G. S. 2, § 12. 
1862, 91, § 3. 
P. S. 2, §§ 9-14. 
1885, 24, § 2. 
1896, 381, § 2. 



Section 7. On or before the first day of January, a petition de- 1 

scribed in section five shall be deposited in the office of the secretary 2 

of the commonwealth and a petition described in section six shall be 3 

deposited in the office of the secretary of the board of education, 4 

with proof of publication satisfactory to the secretary with whom it 5 

is so deposited, and he shall transmit it to the general court during 6 

the first week of the session with an endorsement that the required 7 

publication has been made. 8 



Compensation 
of members of 
tlie general 
court. 

1858, 2, §§ 1, 3. 
G. S. 2, §§ 13, 15. 
1861, 160. 
1865, 228. 
1871, 190. 

1875, 48. 

1876, 28, § 1. 
1879, 78, § 1. 
P. S. 2, § 15. 
1884, 319. 



compensation of members. 

Section 8. Each member of the general court shall receive 1 

seven hundred and fifty dollars for the regular annual session for 2 

which he is elected, and two dollars for every mile of ordinary trav- 3 

elling distance from his place of abode to the place of the sitting of 4 

the general court. The president of the senate and the speaker of 5 

the house of representatives shall each receive double the compen- 6 

sation of other members, and two dollars for every mile of ordinary 7 

travelling distance as aforesaid. 8 

1886, 352. 1892, 59, § 4. 1894, 359. [1 Op. A. G. 42.] 



— of members 
chosen to fill 
vacancies, or 
who resign. 
1872, 328, § 1. 
1879, 78, § 11. 
P. S. 2, § 16. 



Section 9. Each member of the general court chosen to fill a 1 

vacancy, or who resigns his seat during the session, shall be entitled 2 

to a per diem compensation, for the time of his membership, at the 3 

rate of seven hundred and fifty dollars for the session, and his 4 

mileage as above provided. 5 



Members may 
draw one 
hundred dol- 
lars monthly. 
G. S. 2, § 13. 
1872, 328, § 2. 
1880, 212, § 4. 



Section 10. Each member of the general court shall be entitled 1 

to be paid one hundred dollars on account at the end of each month ; 2 

but such monthly payments shall not exceed, in the aggregate, the 3 

compensation of the member for the annual session. p. s. 2, § 20. 4 



Salary of 

clerks. 

Tenure of 

office. 

1844, 143, § 9 

1858, 2, §5. ,.„ J 

G. s. 2, §§ 5, 17. qualined 



officers and their compensation. 

Section 11. The clerk of the senate and the clerk of the house 
of representatives shall each receive an annual salary of three thou- 
sand dollars, and each shall hold office until his successor is chosen and 



1867, 167, 305. 

1868, 37. 



1873, 377, § 2. 
1879, 78, § 2. 



1880, 253. 

P. S. 2, §§ 21, 25. 



1884, 329. 



Chap. 3.] the general court. (33 

1 Section 12. The clerk of the senate and the clerk of the house Assistant 

2 of representatives, subject to the approval of the senate and house clerical assist- 

3 respectively, may each appoint an assistant clerk who, in the absence isu,'us, § lo, 

4 of the clerk, shall perform the duties of the clerk unless a clerk p." f; |,' | le, 

5 pro tempore is chosen. Each clerk may remove the assistant clerk l^' ]^ 

6 appointed by him. Each clerk may also employ necessary clerical 

7 assistance at an expense of not more than fifteen hundred dollars a 

8 year. 

1 Section 13. The assistant clerk of the senate and the assistant salary of as- 

2 clerk of the house of representatives shall each receive an annual 18-3,372, §§3^ 4, 

3 salary of two thousand dollars. isso^ 253 

1882, 257, § 1. 1884, 834. 1894, 394. ^' ®" ^' ^ ^^' 

1 Section 14. The chaplain of the senate and the chaplain of the —of chaplains. 

2 house of representatives shall each receive an annual salary of three g. s. 2, § is. 

3 hundred dollars. p.s.2, §23. isfg^^s §8- 

304. ' ' ' 

miscellaneous provisions. 

1 Section 15. The journals, files and papers of the senate and of wfrnai^ "^Itc 

2 the house of representatives shall be in the custody of their respec- of senat4 and' 

DOUSG 

3 tive clerks durine: each political year, and thereafter in the custody 1844, 153. 

4 of the secretary of the commonwealth. The clerk of each branch, Res.'me, 24. 

5 during his term of office, shall at all times have access to the same. ^-^-^'S^^- 

6 Copies of such journals, files and papers, certified by the clerk of 

7 the branch to which they originally appertained or by the secre- 

8 tary of the commonwealth, shall be evidence in like manner as the 

9 originals. 

1 Section 16. Senators and representatives, acting as members Members of 

2 of a committee of the general court, may administer oaths to per- may adminis. 

3 sons examined before such committee. ter oaths. 

1825, 90. R. S. 2, § 10. G. S. 2, § 20. P. S. 2, § 29. 

1 Section 17. A person shall not be excused from attending- and Testimony be- 

<r> •/>• ••! ifi 1 n ^^® general 

2 testiiyino; before either branch of the o^eneral court or before a com- court, or com- 

niittcG tliGrGof 

3 mittee thereof upon a subiect referred to such committee on the i878, 51. 

4 ground that his testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, 107 Mass. 172. 

5 may tend to criminate him or subject him to a penalty or forfeiture, lei u! s! 591'. 

6 but he shall not be prosecuted or subjected to a penalty or forfeiture 

7 for or on account of any action, matter or thing concerning which 

8 he may so testify or produce evidence, except for perjury com- 

9 mitted in such testimony ; and this exception shall not apply to 
10 an official paper or record so produced by him. 

1 Section 18. Stenographic reports of committee hearings shall, ^P°®ra^*^Jig 

2 at the end of the session at which the hearings were authorized, be reports. 

3 deposited in the state library, but such reports of hearings held 

4 during a recess shall be so deposited before the next general court 

5 convenes. 

1 Section 19. Bills and resolves which have been passed to be Bins and re- 

2 engrossed shall, under the direction of the secretary of the common- In^o^ssed on 



64 



THE GENERAL COURT. 



[Chap. 3. 



parchment, 
bound, etc. 
18-26, 37. 
R. S. 13, § 6. 
1836, 24. 
G. S. 2, § 22. 
1877, 201. 
P. S. 2, § 31. 
1901, 191. 



wealth, be fairl}^ engrossed on parchment in a plain and legible 3 

hand-writing, without interlineation, and with a margin of not less 4 

than one inch on each side. Each sheet on which l)ills are engrossed 5 

shall be eiirhteen inches lono- and thirteen inches wide, and each 6 

sheet on which resolves are engrossed shall be fifteen inches long 7 

and ten inches wide. The secretary shall cause the acts and resolves 8 

of each session to be neatly and strongly bound in separate volumes 9 

of convenient size and lettered on the back with a designation of 10 

the contents and the legislative year. If such original engrossed 11 

acts or resolves are becoming illegible, the secretary shall cause 12 

parchment copies thereof, similar to the originals, to be engrossed, 13 

and shall attest them. Such attested copies shall have the same 14 

force and eflect as the originals. 15 



anwndmentsto Section 20. All pi'oposcd amendments to the constitution, which 
constitution to havc bccn agreed to by the general court in the manner prescribed 
on piuchment. in the coiistitutioii, shall be engrossed on parchment, signed by the 
art. 9. ' ' presiding officer of each branch and deposited in the office of the 
p.^s'. 2f§ 32. secretary of the commonwealth. 



Members of 
general court 
ineligible to 
certain offices. 
1857, 191. 
G. S. 2, § 23. 



Section 21. No member of the general court shall, during the 1 

term for which he is elected, be eligible to any office under the 2 

authority of the commonwealth created during such term, except an 3 

office to be filled by vote of the people. 4 

p. S. 2, § 33. 1 Allen, 552. [1 Op. A. G. 347.] 



Section 22. The o-eneral court shall hold no session for the 



General court 
to suspend 

business on transaction of ordinary business on a legal holiday. 

1856, 113, § 1. G. S. 2, § 24. P. S. 2, § 34. 



holidays. 



Names of legis- 
lative counsel 
and agents to 
be entered on 
a docket. 

1890, 4.56, § 1. 

1891, 22:^, ^ 1. 
[lOp.A.G. 
311.] 



Termination 
of employ- 
ment. 



LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL AND AGENTS. 

Section 23. A person, corporation or association employing or 1 

agreeing to employ a person to act as counsel or agent to promote 2 

or oppose, directly or indirectly, legislation by the general court, 3 

or to act as a legislative counsel or agent in connection therewith, 4 

shall, within one week after such employment or agreement, cause 5 

the name of such counsel or agent to be entered upon a docket as 6 

hereinafter provided ; and such counsel or agent shall also enter his 7 

name upon such docket. Upon the termination of such employ- 8 

ment such fact may be entered opposite to the name of such counsel 9 

or agent either by him or by his employer. 10 



Sergeant-at- 
arnis to keep 
dockets of 
legislative 
counsel and 
agents. 

1890, 456, § 2. 

1891, 2-2:^, § 2. 
riOp. A.G. 
311.] 



Entries to in- 
clude name, 
address, etc. 



Section 24. The sergeanW-at-arms shall prepare and keep a 1 

docket of legislative counsel in which shall l^e entered the names of 2 

counsel employed to appear at any public hearing before commit- 3 

tees of the general court and the names of all counsel of persons, 4 

corporations or associations who act or advise in relation to legis- 5 

lation. He shall also prepare and keej) a docket of legislative 6 

agents in which shall l)e entered the names of agents employed in 7 

connection with legislation and of persons employed for other 8 

purposes who render any services as such agents. Such entries 9 

shall include the name and business address of the employer, the 10 

name, residence and occupation of the person employed, the date 11 

of the employment or agreement therefor, the duration of the em- 12 



Chap. 3.] the general court. 65 

13 ployment, if it can be determined, and the special subjects of legis- 

14 lation, if any, to which the employment relates. 

1 Section 25. A person, corporation or association employing subjects of 

2 any legislative counsel or agent shall, from time to time, as sub- be" specified on 

3 jects of legislation are introduced which such counsel or agent is to i8cw^456, § 3. 

4 promote or oppose, make additional entries under his or its name, i^oi, 223, § 2. 

5 in the appropriate docket, stating such special employment and 

6 specifically referring to the petitions, orders, bills or other sub- 

7 jects of legislation to which it relates. Such entries shall also be 

8 made opposite the names of such counsel or agent so that the en- 

9 tries opposite the name of an employer shall show all the subjects 

10 of legislation relative to which any counsel or agent is employed 

11 by him, and so that the entries opposite the name of every per- 

12 son employed shall show all the subjects of legislation with reference 

13 to which he is employed. No legislative committee shall allow a 

14 person to appear as counsel before it in respect to any legislation 

15 not described in the docket of legislative counsel against his name. 

1 Section 26. No person shall be employed as a legislative coun- compensation 

2 sel or agent for a compensation dependent upon the passage or tingentupon 

3 rejection of proposed legislation or upon any other contingency erarcfourt?^'^' 

4 connected with the action of the general court or of either branch H^'^ 22!; 1 2! 

5 or of a committee thereof. A person whose name is entered upon 

6 the docket of legislative counsel shall not render service as legis- 

7 lative counsel or agent, otherwise than by appearing before a com- 

8 mittee and by doing work properly incident thereto or by giving 

9 legal advice as regular legal counsel of corporations or associations, 

10 unless his name is also entered upon the docket of legislative 

11 agents. 

1 Section 27. Every legislative counsel or agent shall, within ten written 

2 days after entering his name upon a docket as hereinbefore pro- filled with 

3 vided, file with the sergeant-at-arms a written authority to act as arms.''"'^ '^* 

4 such counsel or agent, signed by the person, corporation or associa- i896;342;§i. 

5 tion for whom or for which he assumes to act. Whoever fails 

6 to comply with the provisions of this section shall be punished by 

7 a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or shall be declared ^^^34^; § 2. 

8 by the court trying the case to be disqualified from acting as legis- 

9 lative counsel or agent for three years, or be punished by both such 
10 fine and disqualification. 

1 Section 28. The general court may, upon cause shown therefor, ^^^^°^ff^^°»® 

2 disbar a person from acting as a legislative counsel or agent ; but ment. 

3 a person against whom proceedings are brought for disbarment 

4 shall be allowed a hearing before a committee or otherwise as the 

5 general court may determine. No person who has been disbarred 

6 shall be employed as legislative counsel or agent within three years 

7 after his disbarment. 

1 Section 29. The dockets of lecfislative counsel and agents for opening cios- 

& . "^ - ins, and dispo- 

2 each year shall be closed upon the prorogation 01 the general court, sition of legis- 

3 and the dockets for the ensuing year shall then be opened. Within iVjo, 450, § 5. 

4 thirty days after such prorogation, the sergeant-at-arms shall deposit ^^'^' ^^^" 



66 



GOVERNOR, LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL. [ChAP. 4. 



in the office of the secretary of the commonwealth the dockets which 5 
have been so closed. 6 



Employers to 
file statement 
of expenses 
with secretary 
of the com- 
monwealth. 

1890, 456, § 6. 

1891, 223, § 2. 



Section 30. Within thirty days after the prorogation of the gen- 1 

eral court, every person, corporation or association whose name 2 

appears upon the dockets so closed, as employers of any legislative 'd 

counsel or agent, shall render to the secretary of the commonwealth 4 

a complete and detailed statement, under oath, of all expenses 5 

incurred or paid in connection with the employment of legislative G 

counsel or agents, or with promoting or opposing legislation. Such 7 

statements shall be in such form as the secretary of the common- 8 

wealth may prescribe and shall be open to public inspection. 9 



Penalties. 
1890, 456, § 7. 
1896, 342, § 3. 



Section 31. Whoever violates any provision of sections twenty- 1 

three, twenty-five, twenty-six and thirty shall, for each offence, be 2 

punished by a fine of not less than one hundred nor more than one 3 

thousand dollars. Any person acting as legislative counsel or agent 4 

contrary to the provisions of sections twenty-three, twenty-five and 5 

twenty-six shall, in addition to such fine, be disbarred from 6 

acting as legislative counsel or agent for three years from the date 7 

of such conviction. The attorney general shall cause prosecutions 8 

to be instituted for the violation of the provisions of sections 9 

twenty-three, twenty-five to twenty-seven, inclusive, twenty-nine 10 

and thirty. 11 



tiormnono Section 32. Sectious twcuty-thrce to thirty-ouc, iiiclusivc, shall 1 

apply to city or not apply to the employment by a city or town of its solicitor to 2 

town solicitoi's. ^^'^.. ,^.%. * ^ . •' 



1890, 456, § 8. represent it in any legislative proceeding. 



CHAPTER 4. 



OF THE GOVERNOR, LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL. 



Salary of 
governor. 
1780, 5. 
1788, 57. 



Section 1 . The governor shall receive an annual salary of eight 1 
thousand dollars, and shall not be entitled to any fees or perquisites. 2 



1818, 88. 
R. S. 13, 



1,2. 



1843, 9, § 1. 
1854, 308, § 1. 



G. S. 14, § 1. 

1864, 240. 



1879, 35, § 1. 
P. S. 15, § 1. 



1884, 328. 
1892, 101. 



— of lieu- 
tenant 
governor. 
1818, 97, § 1. 
R. S. 13, § 3. 
1843, 9, § 1. 
1858, 78, § 3. 
G. S. 14, § 2. 



Section 2. The lieutenant governor shall receive an annual 
salary of two thousand dollars ; but if the office of governor shall 
be vacant for a period of more than thirty da3^s he shall, for the 
time during which he performs the duties of governor, receive at 



the rate allowed to the governor. 



1872, 328. 



1876, 214. 



1879, 35, § 2. P. S. 15, § 2. 



1896, 347. 



G. S. 14, § 2. 



Section 3. Each member of the council shall receive an annual 



1879, 35, § 2. P. S. 15, § 3. 



— of members 
of coiin(!il. 

1858, 78, §1. salary of eight hundred dollars. 

1872, 328, § 3. 1876, 214. 



Travelling 
exjicnses of 
lieutenant 
governor and 
council. 

1858, 78, §§ 2, 3, 

1859, 7. 

G. S. 14, § 2. 
1872, 328, § 3. 



Section 4. The lieutenant governor and each member of the 1 

council shall be paid for his travel from his abode to the })lace of 2 

sitting of the governor and council, and return, such amounts as 3 

he certifies in writing that he has actually expended therefor in the 4 

performance of his official duties. 5 

1875, 48, § 2. 1876, 214. 1879, .35, § 3. P. S. 15, § 4. 



Chap. 4.] governor, lieutenant governor and council. 67 

1 Section 5. The governor may appoint a private secretary who Governor's pri. 

2 shall hold office during the pleasure of the governor and shall re- n^l imiX^^^' 

3 ceive an annual salary of twenty-five hundred dollars. isT-i^ ll,' 1 1! 

1876, 214, § 3. 1879, 35, § 4. P. S. 15, § 5. 1885, 77. 1891, 411, § 1. 

1 Section 6. The governor, with the advice and consent of the Executive 

^ .1 • i J." i. 1 1 secretarv ami 

2 council, may appoint an executive secretary and a messenger, each messenger. 

3 of whom shall hold office during the pleasure of the governor and 1347; 237! 

4 council and shall perform the duties required of him by the gov- ^66,'298^^h;^*' 

5 ernor or by the governor and council. The executive secretary Ig^'ail'ls* 

6 shall receive an annual salary of two thousand dollars and the mes- issi! 147! 

7 senger an annual salary of twelve hundred dollars. i884,'8, 38. ' 

1887,83,221. 1891, 411, § 2. 1891,429. 1898,104. 

1 Section 7. The governor, with the advice and consent of the Executive 

2 council, may appoint a stenographer for the executive department 1892,^6^'^^''^'^' 

3 who shall hold office during the pleasure of the governor and shall ^^^'' ^^^' 

4 receive such compensation for his services, not exceeding fifteen 

5 hundred dollars a year, as the governor and council determine. 

1 Section 8. An amount not exceeding three thousand dollars incidental 

2 shall l)e allowed annually by the commonwealth for the expenses Executive*' 

3 of the executive department. 1879, 208. p. s. 15, § 7. isXm'^"*' 

1 Section 9. An amount not exceeding twenty thousand dollars Extraordi. 

2 shall be appropriated each year for carrying out the provisions of ot executive.''* 

3 sections one hundred and twenty to one hundred and twenty-seven, ^*'^*^'*^^- 

4 inclusive, of chapter sixteen, for the entertainment of the president 

5 of the United States and other distinguished guests while visiting 

6 or passing through this commonwealth and for extraordinary ex- 

7 penses, not otherwise provided for, which the governor and council 

8 may deem necessary. 

1 Section 10. The governor and council shall co-operate in behalf ^u^nc'iuo^"^ 

2 of the commonwealth in all scientific surveys made by the United ''®i^'"*'f;^°ii'i'.?,h 

3 States ofovernment of harbors, rivers, shores or waters within the in government 

4 commonwealth, and shall represent the commonwealth in relation p. s. i5,'§ s. 

5 to such surveys, and protect its interests therein. 

1 Section 11. The governor may ai^point state officers as dele- Delegates to 

2 gates to represent the commonwealth at such conventions as may 1894, 376. 

3 be held in any part of the United States for the purpose of con- 

4 sidering questions of charity, reform, statistics, insurance and other 

5 matters affecting the welfare of the people. The necessary expenses 

6 of such delegates may be paid from such appropriations as the 

7 general court shall make from year to year for the travelling and 

8 contingent expenses of such officers. 



68 



SECRETARY OF THE COJVEMON WEALTH. 



[Chap. 5. 



CHAPTEK 5. 



OF THE SECRETARY OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 



Salary and SECTION 1 . The secretai*}' of the commonwealth shall receive an 

tary. _ annual salary of thh'ty-five hundred dollars. He shall make a quar- 
R. s'. 13* §§ 9, 11. terly return under oath to the governor and council of all fees of 

issl^isi/' office received by him, and give to the treasurer and receiver gen- 

G^l'.i4!'§3. 6i'^l ^ bond, with sureties approved by the governor and council, 

1865' 247* 5 4 coiiditioued satisfactorily to account for all money received by him 

1866/298; §4. in liis official Capacity, is-o, 38o. istb, 218, §i. 1879, 79, §1. 

p. S. 15, § 9. " 1884, 79. 1888, 385. 1892, 262, § 1. 



12, 



His clerks, etc., 

and their 

salaries. 

Cashier. 

1820, 74. 

R. S. 18, 

13. 

ia37, 167. 

1843, 9. 

1845, 113. 

1846, 217. 
18.53, 275. 
1854, 131, § 2. 
18.55, 440. 
1857, 269. 
18.59, 133, 221. 
G. S. 15 § 4. 

1865, 247, § 5. 

1866, 298, § 5. 



Section 2. He may employ in his office five permanent clerks ; 1 

the first at a salary of twenty-five hundred dollars a year, the second 2 

at a salary of twenty-two hundred dollars a year, the chief of the 3 

archives division at a salary of tAvo thousand dollars a year, an 4 

engrossing clerk and a corporation clerk each at a salary of four- 5 

teen hundred dollars a year. He may employ a cashier, for 6 

whose conduct he shall be accountable, and such additional clerks, 7 

messengers and other assistance as nmy be necessary for the de- 8 

spatch of public business ; but no such person shall receive com- 9 

pensation at a rate exceeding twelve hundred dollars a year. 10 

1892, 262, § 1. 

1893, 103, 112. 
1895, 402. 
1897, 351. 
1900, 383. 



1873, 377, § 8. 


1881, 224. 


1886, 288. 


1876, 218, § 2. 


P. S. 15, § 10. 


1887, 26. 


1877, 27. 


1883, 48. 


1889, 101. 


1879, 79, § 2. 


1884, 15, § 1. 


1890, 239. 


1881, 23, § 1. 


1885, 87. 


1891, 410. 



Sft^wheu™^^ Section 3. If the secretary is disabled from performing his 1 
R^l *i3 8 official duties his deputies shall perform the same during such dis- 2 
g! silk; §5! ability or until another secretary is chosen or appointed, p. s. i5, §ii. 3 



ffreat*fea?' SECTION 4. The Secretary shall have the custody of the gi*eat 

R. s. ' ' 



13, § 5. 
G. S. 14, § 6. 
P. S. 15, § V2 



1 

seal of the commonwealth ; and copies of records and papers in his 2 
department, certified by him and authenticated by said seal, shall 3 
be evidence in like manner as the orio-inals. 4 



relating to'' SECTION 5. He shall havc the custody of the books of records 1 

Maine 'iiiicis- of grants and conveyances of land formerly held by the common- 2 

wealth and situated in the state of Maine, and of all other books 3 

and records relating to the same. 4 

^atel!®'^^^*^^'^ Section 6. He shall have the custody of all stereotype, electro- 1 

p s*\^5Vi'3 tyP®' ^^^^^ ^^^^ copper plates and of all wood cuts, owned l)y the 2 

commonwealth, and may dispose of them as in his judgment the 3 

best interests of the. commonwealth require. 4 



Purchase of 



paper. 
Res " 



es. 1882, 56. 
1885, 319. 



Section 7. He shall purchase the paper which is used in the 1 

execution of the contract for state printing at the lowest market 2 

prices, and each purchase shall be subject to the approval of the 3 

governor and council. He shall furnish to the superintendent of 4 

the Massachusetts reformatory such of said paper as he may need 5 

to fill any order for i)rinting which he may receive from any depart- 6 

ment of the state government for such printing as is not included in 7 

the contract with the state printers. 8 



Chap, (i.] treasurer and receiver general. 69 

1 Section 8. He shall send by mail to every justice of the peace, Notice 9f 

2 special commissioner or notary public a notice of the time of the commiss*ions. 

3 expiration of his or her commission, not more than thirty nor less p.^s. i5!'§\4. 

4 than fourteen days before such expiration. ^^'^' ^'^^' § ^■ 

1 Section 9. He shall annually, in January, send to the city and de^fgnated* "* 

2 town clerks and registrars a list of all justices of the peace desig- {K'|**'j??_- 

3 nated under the provisions of section thirtj'-one of chapter one 

4 hundred and fifty-one, with the dates of expiration of their com- 

5 missions, and notice of any revocation of a designation. 

1 Section 10. He shall, in addition to the special reports required ^"^"^a'"!^"'^* 

2 bv law, annually in January make to the general court a report of i^^s! 148^ § i! 

. . 1896 443 § 6 

3 the transactions of his department for the preceding year. He shall ' ' 

4 include therein the returns of the number of liquor licenses granted 

5 by the several cities and towns, the amount received for the same 

6 and the votes of the cities and towns on the question of granting 

7 the same ; the returns by the sheriffs of the several counties, of 

8 money received by them and the number of days they have at- 

9 tended upon a court of record and upon the county commissioners. 

1 Section 11. He shall annually prepare, cause to be printed Abstract of 

2 and on the first Wednesday of January submit to the general court, i^si, 133, § 14. 

3 a true abstract from the certificates required by chapter one hun- 1870,224, §62. 

4 dred and ten to be deposited with him, a statement of the names of i89i,"36o,'§5.' 

5 all corporations changed under the provisions of sections nine, ten 

6 and eleven of chapter one hundred and nine, and the names of all 

7 corporations dissolved. 



CHAPTEK 6. 

OF THE TREASURER AND RECEIVER GENERAL, THE AUDITOR OF AC- 
COUNTS AND MATTERS OF FINANCE. 

Sections 1-12. — The Treasurer and Receiver General. 
Sections 13-25. — The Auditor of Accounts. 
Sections 26-79. — Matters of Finance. 

THE TREASURER AND RECEIVER GENERAL. 

1 Section 1 . The treasurer and receiver general shall give a Treasurer to 

2 bond with at least three sureties approved by the governor and 1789,15.° 

3 council, in the sum of one hundred thousand dollars, payable to R.^s.i3',|i4. 

4 the commonwealth, conditioned that he and all persons employed p;|;J|;|i4, 

5 in his department shall faithfull}" discharge their duties and trusts ; 

6 that he shall use all necessary and reasonable diligence and care in 

7 the safe keeping and lawful disposition of all money, bonds, notes, 

8 papers, books and other things pertaining to his office, which shall 

9 come to his hands or to the hands of the persons employed by 

10 him ; that he shall, upon reasonable notice, render true accounts 

11 of his doings, when thereto required by law or by the senate or 

12 house of representatives ; that he shall deliver over to his successor 

13 in office or to such other person as may be authorized to receive 



70 



TREASURER AXD RECEIVER GENERAL. 



[Chap. 6. 



Bond, place of 
deposit and 
suit on. 
1791, 59, § 4. 
R. S. 13, « 15. 
G. S. 15, § 10. 
P. S. 16, § 15. 



Removal of 
treasurer. 
Amend, const, 
art. 17. 
1791, 59, « -2. 
K. S. 13, § It). 
G. S. 15, § 11. 
P. S. 16, § 16. 



the same, all money, bonds, notes, papers, books and other things 14 

belonging to said office ; and that all l)alanees and defalcations 15 

which shall appear against him shall be forthwith paid by him into 16 

the treasury of the commonwealth. 17 

Section 2. The bond shall be deposited in the office of the sec- 1 

retary of the commonwealth, and, upon the order of the governor 2 

with the advice and consent of the council, or upon the order of the 3 

general court, the attorney general, or any other person by them 4 

authorized for that purpose, shall commence an action thereon and 5 

prosecute it to final judgment, execution and satisfaction. 6 

Section 3. If any person represents under oath that the treas- 1 

urer is insane or manifestly insolvent, or has absconded or con- 2 

cealed himself, or is absent from the commonwealth or from the 3 

duties of his office to the hazard of the public treasury, the governor, 4 

with the advice and consent of the council, if upon examination 5 

such representation appears to be true, may designate the chief 6 

clerk in the office of the treasurer and receiver general, upon his 7 

giving a bond to the commonwealth for the faithful performance of 8 

his duties, in a sum and ^^dth sureties approved by them, to perform 9 

the duties of the office until the governor, with the advice and con- 10 

sent of the council, otherwise orders. 11 



Treasurer's 
salary; clerks 
and their sal- 
aries. 

1818, 97, § 1. 
1820, 74. 
R. S. 13, §§ -20- 
2-2. 

1837, 167. 
1843, 9. 
1845, 105. 
1847, 209. 

1854, 131, §§1,2. 

1855, 440, § 1. 
1857, 279, §1. 
G. S. 15, § 12. 

1864, 300. 

1865, 247, §§ 1, 5. 

1866, 298, §§ 1, 5. 

1869, 454. 

1870, 317. 

1871, 38;i. 

1872, 204. 
1876, 1.54. 
1879,80, §§ 1, 2. 

1881, 254. 

P. S. 16, § 17. 

1882, 111. 

1883, 164. 

1885, 1.5, 26:^. 

1886, 38, 334. 
1889, 349. 



Additional 
clerical assist- 
ance. 
1893, 432. 



Assessment of 
trust funds. 
1891, 2;}3. 
1901, 281. 



Sp:ction 4. The treasurer and receiver general shall receive an 1 

annual salary of five thousand dollars. He ma}^ employ in his de- 2 

partment a chief clerk at a salary of twenty-six hundred dollars a 3 

year ; a second clerk or book-keeper at a salary of twenty-one 4 

hundred dollars a year ; a third or interest clerk at a salary of 5 

sixteen hundred dollars a year ; a receiving teller and a paying 6 

teller, each at a salary of eighteen hundred dollars a year ; an assist- 7 

ant paying teller at a salar}^ of one thousand dollars a year ; a 8 

cashier at a salary of twenty-two hundred dollars a year ; an assist- 9 

ant book-keeper at a salary of twelve hundred dollars a year ; a 10 

fund clerk at a salary of fifteen hundred dollars a year ; a warrant 11 

clerk at a salary of twelve hundred dollars a year ; a files clerk at a 12 

salary of nine hundred dollars a year ; a legacy tax clerk at a salary 13 

of nineteen hundred dollars a j^ear ; a stenographer at a salaiy of 14 

nine hundred dollars a year ; and a messenger at a salary of nine 15 

hundred dollars a year. He may also annually expend not more 16 

than thirty-five hundred dollars for other neces.sary clerical assist- 17 

ance. 1895,276,392. i896, 326. 1897,256. 1901,211. 18 

Section 5. He may annually expend not more than one thou- 1 

sand dollars for extra clerical assistance in the assessment and col- 2 

lection of taxes on collateral legacies and successions. 3 



Section 6. The treasurer and receiver general shall annually 
certif}' to the tax commissioner the average deposits of every cor- 
poration or organization which is re(|uired by law to make deposits 
in trust with the treasurer and receiver general, and the tax com- 
missioner shall annually assess upon every such corporation or or- 
ganization one-twentieth of one per cent of its average deposits for 
the year last preceding such assessment. Such assessment shall be 
collected in the same manner as taxes upon corporations. 



Chap. (>.] treasurer and receiver general. 71 

1 Section 7. He may receive from the United States all sums of propriltloifs^' 

2 money which may, by any act of congress, be authorized to be paid forsoidiers' 

3 for the benefit of the Massachusetts soldiers' home ; and shall pay i890, 373. 

4 them over to the treasurer of said soldiers' home, or to any per- 

5 sons authorized to receive the same, without any appropriation 

6 therefor. 

1 Section 8. He shall annually, on the first Monday of May, trans- Transmission 

.to attorney 

2 mit to the attorney general an account of bonds, notes and securities general ot ac- 

3 in the treasury in which the commonwealth is interested and on due°mone*'/and 

4 which the principal or interest remains due and unpaid or of which issif 199. 

5 the conditions have not been performed, classifying them under ^- 1- J| | ^^• 

6 distinct heads. p:s:i6:§2i: 

1 Section 9. He shall annually, in January, report to the general annuai^report 

2 court a statement of the transactions of his department for the pre- i?58, 1, § 4 

3 ceding year, including a specific statement 01 all warrants remaining p. s. le, § 22. 

4 unpaid and of the names of the persons in whose favor they are 

5 drawn. 

1 Section 10. Upon a vacancy in the office, the secretary, with ^/"J'of fSnds 

2 two suitable persons appointed by warrant under the hand and seal ?» death of 

1 n c • 1 1 J J 1 • treasurer, etc. 

3 01 the governor, shall, after notice to the late treasurer, or to his nsi, 59, § 3. 

4 heirs, executors or administrators, if deceased, and to his sureties g'. s'. 15', § 20". 

5 or one of them, or to such of said persons as may be found within ^' ■^^'^^' 

6 the commonwealth, seal up and secure, in their presence if they 

7 attend, all such money, papers and other things supposed to be the 

8 property of the commonwealth ; and they shall give such represent- 

9 atives or sureties, if required by them so to do, a true list of all 
10 packages so sealed up and of the places where they are deposited. 

1 Section 11. As soon thereafter as maybe, and after like notice, inventory of 

2 the secretary and the two persons so appointed shall cause the pack- be°tTife'n^ *'' 

3 ages to be examined, and a true inventory taken of the money R.'^s.il.lik 

4 and of all bonds, notes, securities, books and such other things p'l'Je'lii* 

5 pertaining to said office as shall be required by the late treas- 

6 urer or by his representatives or sureties. A copy of such in- 

7 ventory shall be deposited in the secretary's office, and copies 

8 shall be given on request to any of said persons. The secretary 

9 and said two persons shall safely keep all property so inventoried 

10 until a treasurer is chosen or appointed, to whom, when qualified, 

11 they shall deliver the same, taking duplicate receipts from him 

12 therefor, one of which shall be deposited with the secretary and 

13 the other with the late treasurer or his legal representatives or 

14 sureties. 

1 Section 12. Upon the election or appointment of a new treas- Duplicate 

2 urer, he shall give duplicate receipts for all property of the com- new^trlasurer. 

3 monwealth transmitted to him, one of which shall be deposited with R.^s.i3,|i9. 

4 the secretary ; and such receipts shall be sufficient evidence for ^- 1; J^' 1 1|- 

5 his predecessor of the delivery of said property and shall be his 

6 sufficient discharge therefor. 



72 AUDITOR OF ACCOUNTS. [ChAP. 6. 



THE AUDITOR OF ACCOUNTS. 



^Ujjdjtortogive SECTION 18. The auditor shall give to the treasurer and receiver 1 

1849, 56, §1. general a bond for the faithful performance of his official duties, 2 

i867,"n8,§i. in a penal sum and with sureties approved by the governor and 3 

council. 4 



p. S. 16, § 1. 



.4"'-'c^erkr^" Section 14. He shall receive an annual salary of thirty-five 1 

ami'their sal- hundred dollars. He may employ in his office one clerk at a salary 2 

1849, 56, § 6. of twenty-five hundred dollars a year, one clerk at a salary of 3 

i85-2| 318! twenty-two hundred dollars a year, three clerks at a salary of fifteen 4 

1855; 440. ^^^''' hundred dollars a year each and a messenger at a salary of not more 5 

iIgIit;.^'' ^han nine hundred dollars a year. He may also employ such addi- 6 

1865' 247" §§ 2 5 ^io'i^l clcrical assistance as may be necessary at an expense not 7 

i866;ioi';298,'§§ excceding three thousand dollars a year. If, by reason of sick- 8 

1867, 167, §6; ncss, abscuce or other cause, the auditor is temporarily unable to 9 

1876,380. perform the duties of his office, the first clerk in his office shall 10 

1873; 37?; act as his deputy and perform the duties of the auditor until such 11 

1879,' sf disability ceases. 12 

1881, 254. 1887, 30. 1891, 375. 1899, 151. 

P. S. 16, § 2. 1888, 432. 1894, 397. 1900, 217. 

1885, 195. 1889, 70. 1898, 521. 1901, 157. 

Duties of Section 15. He shall examine all accounts and demands against 1 

auditor. . i ,. i i . p i r^ 

1849, .56, § 2. the commonwealth, exceirtmir those tor the salaries ot the governor 2 

18o8 11 $7" "ifT ^ ^ o 

i58r§i3. ' and of the justices of the supreme judicial court, those due on 3 

G." 8.15, '§§3,' 44. account of the principal or interest of a pulilic debt, or of the 4 

p.^s. le!'/!.^' *■ P^y I'olls of the executive council, the senate or the house of 5 

13 Allen, 593. representatives. He may require affidavits that articles have been 6 

furnished, services rendered and expenses incurred, as claimed. 7 

Such affidavit for any state institution may be made by the disburs- 8 

ing officer thereof. The auditor shall in all cases make a certificate 9 

specifying the amount due and allowed on each demand, the name 10 

of the person to whom such amount is payable, the law authorizing 11 

the same and the head of expenditure to which it is chargeable. If 12 

the general court, by express statute, authorizes a board or public 13 

officer to approve demands against the commonwealth, and an ap- 14 

propriation therefor has been made, the auditor shall, when such 15 

demands have been properly approved, promptly audit and certify 16 

such an amount, not exceeding the appropriation for that purpose, 17 

as he may deem correct ; and if it appears to Mm that there are im- 18 

proper charges in said accounts, he shall report the same to the 19 

governor and council, with a separate certificate therefor. He shall 20 

retain in his office copies of all such certificates and transmit the 21 

originals to the governor, who, with the advice and consent of the 22 

council, may issue his Avarrant to the treasurer and receiver 23 

general for the amount therein specified as due. 24 

4stituUoirs^to Section 1(5. The accounts of all state, penal and charitable in- 1 

be kept under stitutious, and all otlicr i)ublii' institutions, for the su]ii)ort of which 2 

direction 01 the . ' . l 111,1 i • • • 

auditor. api)r()i)natT()ns are annuallv made, sliall i)e ke])t at such institutions 3 

'' '' ' ' under the direction of the auditor, and shall be as nearly uniform 4 

as the nature of the institutions will permit. 5 



Chap, 6.] auditor of accounts. 73 

1 Section 17. The auditor shall prescrilie the number and form of pref(*rir)LM„nii 

2 all analytical or subsidiary accounts, which shall be made froni the iggy'^sf §§2% 'i 

3 accounts of record kept at each institution. Such accounts shall 

4 also show the expenditures, and the estimated cash value of the 

5 products of the department of the institution to which it relates, 

6 whether sold or applied to the use of the institution, and also as 

7 nearly as may be the value of the labor of the iimiates enterino- into 

8 such production. The accounts shall, at all times, show the finan- 

9 cial condition of the institution; but no inventory shall be required, 

10 unless provided by law. The auditor may expend such amount 

11 as may be necessary to comply with the requirements of this and 

12 the preceding section. 

1 Section 18. The auditor shall cause all the printing under the Measurement 

2 state printing contract to be examined and measured, and no bill hig. '* "^ '^"'^ " 

3 for printing shall be allowed unless it is in strict conformity w^ith \m, Is! 

4 such contract. He may employ an expert in printing at a salary of 

5 fifteen hundred dollars a year, who shall examine the bills for print- 

6 ing under the state printing contract, and perform such other clerical 

7 assistance as the auditor may require. 

1 Section 19. All original bills and vouchers on which money Biiis,etc.,tobe 

2 has been or may be paid from the treasury upon the certificate of auditor?** ^^"^ 

3 the auditor or the warrant of the governor shall be kept in the JIts^isvIIi! 

4 auditor's department; and all boards, commissions or public offi- ^- ^- ^^' § *• 

5 cers authorized to make contracts under w^ hich money may be pay- 

6 able from the treasury shall file with the auditor certified copies 

7 thereof. 

1 Section 20. The auditor shall keep a distinct account of all pub- Auditor to 

„,. . •• ,. -, ^ . ,, TTin keep accounts, 

2 lie receipts and expenditures under appropriate heads. He shall etc. 

3 keep a like account of the school fund and of other public prop- g.sVis, §4. 

4 erty and of all debts and obligations due to and from the common- p.*'s. i6,'§ 3." 

5 wealth ; and for such purpose he shall have free access to the books 

6 and papers of the several departments, boards and institutions. 

1 Section 21. He shall annually in January examine the books. Annual exami- 

2 accounts and vouchers of the treasurer and receiver general ; and boo'k " etc., of 

3 his own books and accounts shall l)e sul)ject at any time to such ^ufduon'^""'' 

4 examination as the governor and council or the general court may g^I'WI/t'Y" 

5 order. He shall comply with any regulations relative to the duties ^y ^^^'X*^- 

6 of his office which may be made in writing by the governor and 

7 council, and not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter. 

1 Section 22. He shall annually, on or before the thirtieth day Auditor's an. 

2 of January, submit to the general court an abstract of his report, 1549, seff 4.' 

3 in print or otherwise, exhibiting a full and accurate statement of isbv/nW^T. 

4 the financial condition and transactions of the commouAvealth for fg^^o;^'' 

5 the preceding year, and as soon as may be thereafter he shall sub- 

6 mit, in print, his report in detail. 

1 Section 23. Such report shall contain a summary statement flg^^ilg^.^^^^g 

2 of the receipts into, and payments from, the treasury of the com- ise?! iis, §§ ^ 

3 monwealth' for the preceding year; a detailed statement of such p.'s.ie, §§>s,io. 



74 



MATTERS OF FINANCE. 



[Chap. 6. 



receipts and expenditures including the expense incurred for the 4 

support of all permanent departments, services and institutions ; 5 

and all exceptional and special charges incurred for articles pur- 6 

chased. The account shall be so constructed as to show the ex- 7 

penses which have been actually incurred within the year, whether 8 

paid or unpaid at the end of the year. It shall include all items 9 

of accounts of expenditure, useful or interesting to the people of 10 

the commonwealth; and, as far as may be, shall show, the different 11 

officers or boards under whose direction the expenditure was made 12 

and the different officers who have received salaries or other general 13 

charges ; and no expenditure exceeding fiye hundred dollars, includ- 14 

ing separate items, shall be classified under an indefinite head. 15 



Auditor's 

annual report. 

1858, 158, §§ 4, 

6, 8, 9. 

1867, 178, §§ 9, 

11, 13. 

P. S. 16, §§9, 11, 

13. 



Section 24. The report shall show the aggregate amount of 1 

funded debt and of all temporary loans at the beginning and end of 2 

the year respectively and the balance of increase or decrease in each 3 

case, and state the cause of such increase or decrease. It shall state 4 

whether or not the ordinary expenses of the year have exceeded 5 

the income, and show the amount of the balance. It shall contain 6 

a particular statement of all transactions afiecting the funds belong- 7 

ing to or held in trust by the commonwealth, including new invest- 8 

ments of any portion of the same made during the preceding year, 9 

and also of the manner in which the moiety of the income of the 10 

school fund applicable to educational purposes has been disbursed. 11 

The auditor shall estimate the value of railroad shares and other 12 

securities at their market value at the time of making his report. 13 



Same subject. 
1849, 56, § 4. 
Res. 1856, 74. 
1858, 1.58, § 1. 
G. S. 1.5, § 6. 
1867, 178, § 12. 
P. S. 16, § 12. 



Section 25. Such report shall include an estimate, for the cur- 1 

rent year, of the ordinary and other revenue of the commonwealth 2 

and of the expenses of the departments, boards and commissions 3 

and of all other persons acting under the authority of the common- 4 

wealth. Such expenses shall be provided for by annual appropria- 5 

tions. 6 



Annual esti- 
mates of ap- 
propriations. 
Res. 1856, 74. 
1858, 158, § 1. 
G. S. 15, § 28. 
1872, 349. 
1880, 160, § 1. 
P. S. 16, § 26. 
1885, 41. 



Annual reports 
of expendi- 
tures. 

1859, 221, § 2. 
G. S. 15, § 29. 
P. S. 16, § 27. 



MATTERS OF FINANCE. 

Section 26. Every oflficer or board having charge of any depart- 1 

ment requiring an expenditure of money from the treasury of the 2 

commonwealth, except for the payment of salaries, shall annually, 3 

on or before the fifteenth day of December, submit to the auditor 4 

of accounts estimates in detail and in tal)ular form showing the 5 

amounts appropriated for the current year and the amounts required 6 

for the ensuing year, with an explanation of the necessity of any 7 

new or increased or decreased expenditures, and citations of the 8 

statutes relating thereto. The auditor shall embody such estimates, 9 

with those for his own department, in one document, which shall 10 

be printed and laid before the general court on the second Wednes- 11 

day of the succeeding January. 12 

Section 27. Every officer or board having the disbursement of 1 

money ai)i)ro})riated from the ordinary revenue or from the income 2 

of any funds belonging to or under the charge of the commonwealth 3 

shall annually in the first week of January report in detail to the 4 

auditor, in such form as he shall prescribe, all purposes for which 5 

expenditures have been made by such officer or board and the 6 

amount expended therefor. 7 



Chap. 6.] matters of finance. 75 

1 Section 28. Except as hereinafter provided, no money shall be Payments 

2 paid from the treasury without a warrant from the governor drawn ury regtuated. 

3 in accordance with an appropriation in some act or resolve of the c.°2!f ifart.' n. 

4 same or of the preceding year after the demand or account to be Ree.' isse! 74. 

5 paid has been certified by the auditor; but the principal and in- g'^|\^^§3o 

6 terest on all public debts shall be paid when due without any war- i^ct, 1^8. § *• 

7 rant, and the governor may, without an appropriation, draw his i3 Alien, 593'. 

8 warrant for the payment of his own salary and the salaries of the 

9 justices of the supreme judicial court, for the payments required 

10 to be made from the income of the school fund, and for repayments 

11 required by section sixty-eight of chapter fourteen. No certificate 

12 shall be required from the auditor for payment of the pay rolls of 

13 the members of the council and general court. 

1 Section 29. No account ao-ainst the commonwealth shall be itemized biiis. 

1852 33 § 1 

2 allowed or paid unless authority to contract the same was ffiven by Res.' i856, 74. 

3 the general court or by either branch thereof nor unless the items p." s! le^ § 32! 

4 thereof are specified. 

1 Section 30. No account or demand requiring the certificate of l^o^lpp^o 

2 the auditor or warrant of the governor shall be paid from an appro- priations how 

3 priation unless it has been authorized and approved })y the head of Res. isse, 74. 

4 the department or board for which it was contracted ; nor shall any 1867! i78, § 4. 

5 appropriation be used for expenses, except gratuities and special • • • » • 

6 allowances by the general court, unless full and properly approved 

7 vouchers therefor have been filed with the auditor. 

1 Section 31. If an appropriation or a portion thereof is not unexpended 

.,. ,..^1^ . f . , r . I •I- 1 appropriations 

2 expended withm the political year in which it is made or within the to revert. 

3 succeedino- year, it, or the unapplied balance thereof, shall revert § is.' ' ' 

4 to the general treasury and shall not afterward be paid out except 40". • • ^^ • 

5 upon a new appropriation. An unexpended balance of an appro- p-s. le, §30. 

6 priation for a specific year may be applied in the succeeding year 

7 to the purpose for which the appropriation was made. 

1 Section 32. The phrase "incidental expenses" when used in incidental 

2 an appropriation shall include expenses of postage, printing and ilslf iifl's; 

3 stationery. g. s. 15, §3s. p. s. le, §34. 1859,272, §5. 

1 Section 33. An appropriation shall supersede an earlier one successive ap. 

, . , 1 • V proprlations. 

2 made tor the same object. i858, 11, §6. 1859,273, §6. g. s. 15, §39. p. s. le, §35. 

1 Section 34. An appropriation act shall not be construed to Payment 

2 require a payment to a person with whom the commonwealth has person having 

3 an unadjusted account. The governor, upon receiving satisfactory account with 

4 information that money is illegally withheld from the common- ^ve'I!ith.°' 

5 wealth by any person, shall instruct the treasurer to withhold all i5|f'§"^.^^' 

6 pajTiients to him until he pays such account, p. s. le, §31. 8 Alien, 247. g. s. 15, §32. 

1 Section 35. OflScers who are authorized to expend money in Advancesfrom 

2 behalf of the commonwealth may have money advanced to them is^.pju', 4- 

3 from the treasury, not exceeding at any one time the following 11^; 1"?' ^ ^" 

4 amounts : the disbursing ofiicer of the state board of charity, upon {H; |t.5, 314. 

5 giving a bond in the sum of four thousand dollars, with sufficient \l^' i^; 



76 MATTERS or FINANCE. [ChAP. 6. 

1900,266. sureties, pa^^able to and approved by the treasurer and receiver 6 

1901,303, §3. ggjjpj..^]^ tliree thousand dollars; the disbursing officer of the state 7 

board of insanity, upon giving a bond in the sum of two thousand 8 

dollars, with sufficient sureties, payable to and approved by the 9 

treasurer and receiver general, fifteen hundred dollars ; the treasurer 10 

or disbursing officer of each of the state insane hospitals or asylums, 11 

of the Massachusetts hospital for dipsomaniacs and inebriates, of the 12 

Massachusetts hospital for epileptics, of the Massachusetts state 13 

sanatorium and of the ^Massachusetts school for the feeble-minded, 14 

not more than two thousand dollars for an institution having not 15 

more than five hundred inmates and not more than five thousand 16 

dollars for an institution having more than five hundred inmates ; 17 

the board of prison commissioners, for aiding prisoners who have 18 

been discharged from the Massachusetts reformatory, five hundred 19 

dollars ; the sergeant-at-arms, for necessary and legitimate expend- 20 

itures made by him for committees of the general court while trav- 21 

elling under an order thereof, two thousand dollars, and for the 22 

incidental expenditures made by him in the care of the state house 23 

and grounds, five hundred dollars ; the bonded paymasters of the 24 

militia, eighty per cent of the pay and mileage due or to become 25 

due to the officers and men of the militia for duty performed at 26 

camp or annual drill, under such rules and regulations as the treas- 27 

urer and receiver general may prescribe ; other public officers, ex- 28 

cept as otherwise provided, not more than one hundred and fifty 29 

dollars at any one time. 30 

ti§''tomed'ui"te SECTION 36. Such officcrs shall certify that the amount is needed 1 

1^*^179 §2 ^^^^ immediate use, and, as specifically as may be, the purposes for 2 

which the expenditure is required. The certificate shall bear the 3 

approval of the board having the supervision of such expenditure 4 

and, when filed with the auditor of accounts, his certificate and the 5 

warrant and payment shall follow as in case of claims against the 6 

commonwealth. 7 

detifrtraum- Section 37. Such officers shall, within thirty days after the 1 

issi r9 5 3 receipt of an advance, file with the auditor a detailed statement 2 

1890,' 58, '§§ i,' 3. of the amounts expended subsequent to the previous accounting, 3 

approved by the board authorized to supervise such expenditure, 4 

and vouchers therefor if they can be obtained. All advances so 5 

made shall be accounted for and vouchers therefor filed with the 6 

auditor before the twenty-fifth day of December in each year. 7 

frm™o?dfnary Section 38. Payments authorized by appropriation acts shall be 1 

revenue, etc. made from the ordinary revenue, if no other provision is expressly 2 

1.^8, §10. ' made therefor. Cash from the ordinary revenue on hand at the 3 

p.' s! 16,' § 33.' beginning of ea(;h year shall be carried to the account of the ordi- 4 

8 Allen, 24,. naiy reveiiuc of that year. 5 

Hnuted"(f Section 39. Xo greater sum from an appropriation for an insti- 1 

expense in- tution, boai'd or department shall be drawn from the treasury at 2 

1874,360, §2. any one time than is necessary to meet expenses then incurred, 3 

■ ■ ' ■ except as provided in section thirty-five. 4 



Chap. 6.] matters of finance. 77 

1 Section 40. No officer shall make purchases or incur liabilities Purchases by 

2 in the name of the commonwealth for a larger amount than has been fateT^ ^^^" 

3 appropriated for the service or purpose for which such purchases Hfj^i^^' 

4 have been made or liabilities incurred ; and the commonwealth shall ^jf /If Yt 
6 not be responsible for the acts of its servants and officers for any ?• *• i6, § 37. 

6 amount in excess of its appropriations. Officers or boards may 

7 continue their several departments during the month of January, 

8 until the general court otherwise orders, at the rate of expenditure 

9 authorized by the appropriations for the preceding year. If ex- 

10 penditures are made in excess of appropriations, the officers having 

11 charge of such expenditures shall annually, on or before the fifteenth 

12 day of January, report to the auditor the details of such expendi- 

13 tures with the reasons therefor, and the auditor shall make a special 

14 report of the same to the general court early in its session. 

1 Section 41. No public officer or board shall incur a new or un- same subject. 

2 usual expense, make a permanent contract, increase a salary or G^s}ii,'ilt 

3 employ a new clerk, assistant or other subordinate unless a suffi- fgg?; ils,^!.' 

4 cient appropriation to cover the expense thereof has previously 

5 been made by the general court. 

1 Section 42. No permanent improvement, alteration or addition improvements, 

2 shall be made in a building belonging to the commonwealth until a buiiduil" not 

3 specific description of the intended change and an estimate of the witifo^t'^an 

4 expense thereof have been submitted to the general court, and until ils^ynv'','!*!""" 

5 a specific appropriation has been made therefor. No board or officer ^Yf'.l^ ^^• 

6 shall insure any property of the commonwealth without special p. s'.ie, §39. 

7 authority of law. 

1 Section 43. Accounts for expenses incurred or services ren- Expenses m- 

2 dered, other than by legislative committees, under an order of the orders o"gen- 

3 general court or of either branch thereof, may be approved by the r^^^. 1857^^9. 

4 president or speaker or by the sergeant-at-arms or other persons to Q^s.^iijiii.' 

5 whose direction or supervision such expenditures or services have ^69, ^op. § i- 

6 been specially intrusted. No such order shall authorize the ex- 

7 penditure of more than one hundred dollars, unless a specific ap- 
S propriation therefor has first been made. 

1 Section 44. Except as hereinafter provided, no ioint committee —of commit- 

tCGS OX STGDGrtll 

2 of the oeneral court shall incur any expense to be paid by the com- court. 

• 1 •/ 1877 181 6 1 

3 monwealth, unless authorized by order of both branches; and no p. s. i6,'§4i. 

4 committee of either branch shall incur such expense, unless author- 

5 ized by the branch to which it belongs. 

1 Section 45. No committee of the general court shall, after the — of commit- 

2 close of the regular session, incur any expense to be paid by the d^uring "eless. 

3 commonwealth, unless there is an authorized appropriation there- g.^|'. 15^/45!' 

4 for, nor shall a committee appointed to act during the recess of the ^|.^i6%^l'. 

5 general court incur any such expense after the recess. 

1 Section 46. No hearing before a coixmiittee of the general court, ^/^eS^^I'^* 

2 or of either branch thereof, shall be advertised at the expense of committee 

3 the commonwealth in more than two newspapers published in any 1877. i8i,§2. 

4 county, nor more than twice in any newspaper ; and no hearing " ' ' 



78 



MATTERS OF FIXANCE. 



[Chap. 6» 



1885, 371. 

1897, 503. 

1898, 7(), § 1. 



on a matter of special legislation affecting the interest of onl}^ a 
portion of the commonwealth shall be advertised in aiw newspapers 
except those pnblished in the county of Suffolk and in the localities 
directly interested therein. 



Section 47. In all 



Designation 
newspapers. 
1885, 371, ? •->. 

1897, .503, § -2. 

1898, 76, § 3. 



Of 



Postage for 
legislative 
committees. 
Res. 1&56, 71. 
1877, 181, § 4. 
P. S. 16, § 43. 



Form of ad- SECTION 47. in all ncwspapcrs designated to advertise such 1 

1898^76?^"*" hearings, the advertisements shall be uniformly printed in type 2 

not larger than nonpareil, set solid, and without display either in 3 

the headings or in the body of the advertisements. 4 



Section 48. Advertisements of hearings shall be published only 1 

in newspapers designated by the chairman on the part of the senate 2 

or of the house and the clerk of the committee, and in each case 3 

the order for the advertisement shall be signed by the chairman and 4 

clerk of the respective conmiittees, who shall designate therein the 5 

newspapers in which such advertisement is to be published and 6 

shall file the same with the auditor of the commonwealth, who shall 7 

thereupon forward a copy to the newspapers so designated for pul)- 8 

lication, and shall give such directions as he may deem necessary 9 

to secure unifomiity in the style and manner of publication, as 10 

provided in the preceding section. The auditor shall certify 11 

all bills for publishing such advertisements, and shall annually, 12 

during the hrst week in April, report in detail to the general 13 

court the expenses incurred under the provisions of this section 14 

by the several committees. 15 

Section 49 . Postage for the several committees of the general 1 

court shall be provided by the sergeant-at-arms, who shall be reim- 2 

bursed therefor. The printing, binding and procuring of stationery, 3 

if for the use of the senate and house of representatives, shall be 4 

under the direction of the clerk of each branch respectively, and 5 

the amounts expended therefor shall be cei-tiiied by him ; and if for 6 

the use of the council or of the several offices or departments of the 7 

commonwealth, under the direction of the executive secretary or of 8 

the heads of said offices or departments respectively. 9 



^n)lni"fof Section 50. Except as provided in the two preceding sections, 1 

legislative jjo moiiev shall be allowed and paid from the treasury for expenses 2 

committees. . -^ , f ^ -, iii*o 

1875, 186, § 1. incurred by committees ot the general court, unless, at the begin- 6 

p. s. i6,'§45. ning of each month, and at other convenient and necessary times 4 

during the session, the clerk of the committee prepares a schedule, 5 

on forms to be furnished by the auditor, of the expenses incurred 6 

for which bills have been rendered, which shall be approved in 7 
writing by a majority of the members of the committee and trans- 
mitted to the auditor of accounts. If a bill for an authorized ex- 
pense incurred during a regular or special session of the general 

court is not rendered during such session so that it can be ai)proved 11 

as aforesaid, the approval in writing of a majority of the members 12 

of the committee shall be sufficient to authorize the auditor to allow 13 

and certify the same for payment. 14 

l^y^ent of Section 5 1 . Mone}^ appropriated for the fees of witnesses before 1 

nesses before the general court may be paid to the sergeant-at-arms, who shall 2 

pay therefrom the legal fees due to witnesses summoned before 3 



9 
10 



Chap. 6.] matters of finance. 79 

4 committees authorized to send for persons and papers, upon the cer- 1859, 221, § i. 

5 tificate of the chairman or other member authorized by the com- i8'60,'4i,'§§i,'2. 

6 mittee to certify such accounts, as soon as may be after said p-si6,§§46,47. 

7 witnesses have been discharged, and in like manner shall pay the 

8 expense of taking any depositions authorized by such committees, 

9 and shall, within ten days after the prorogation, return to the audi- 

10 tor an account of such payments, and repay to the treasurer and 

11 receiver general the unexpended balance of such money. If wit- 

12 nesses are summoned in any session before an appropriation for 

13 their payment has been made, the governor may draw his warrant 

14 for an amount not exceeding the appropriation made in the preceding 

15 year, and in no case exceeding three hundred dollars. 

1 Section 52. The compensation of committees of the general compensation 

i . 1 /■ 1 1 1 1 "* commission- 

2 court appointed to act during the recess and 01 legal counsel and ^f'Ti^*^- 

3 commissioners appointed by the governor shall, unless otherwise g. s. 15,' § 47. 

4 provided, be determined by the governor and council who shall ' ' ' 

5 approve such claims before they are sent to the auditor. 



1 Section 53. No periodicals, publications or books, other than Books, etc., not 

2 those printed for the use of the general court, shall be ordered for for members. 

3 members thereof at the expense of the commonwealth. p; |; i6,V49. 



1 Section 54. State officers, boards and commissions who receive Expenses of 

2 an annual salary or its equivalent, who are provided with an office 1899,459.^**'^^' 

3 by the commonwealth and whose duties require regular attend- 

4 ance at such office shall not be allowed or paid by the common- 

5 wealth any expenses in the nature of travelling or living expenses. 

6 Such officers, boards or commissions whose duties require them to 

7 travel elsewhere than to and from the office provided for them by 

8 the commonwealth, and unpaid officers, boards and commissions, 

9 and those whose duties require their attendance at intervals, but not 

10 daily, and who receive compensation by the day, shall be allowed 

11 their actual reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of such 

12 duties, if such expenses were, on the second day of June in the 

13 year eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, authorized by law to be 

14 paid by the commonwealth. Bills for such expenses shall be item- 

15 ized and the dates when, and the purposes for which, such expenses 

16 were incurred shall be stated before their allowance by the auditor. 

1 Section 55. Such officers, boards and commissions to whom Travelling ex- 

2 travelling expenses are allowed by the commonwealth shall, unless {jrofficers?"^' 

3 otherwise provided, receive not more than three and one-half cents ^.^1 'f5^;/4g. 

4 a mile each way actually travelled, nor more than the amount i'- s. le, § 50. 

5 actually expended. 

1 Section 56. Officers of public institutions and of departments Fees to be paid 

2 of the commonwealth receiving fees or other money payable into ury monthly. 

3 the treasury shall pay them over at least once in each month. p.^s. lel'/sk 



1 



Section 57. If sales of the proi:)ei-ty of the commonwealth are itemized ac- 

,, rrt I' ,,'.',.• jt '^.l^j.! !• COUUt Of Salt 



sales 



2 made by any officer of a state institution, the superintendent thereof of state prop 

3 shall submit to the trustees or other supervising board an itemized fgsl.'sae. 



80 



MATTERS OF FINANCE. 



[Chap. 6. 



account, under oath, of such sales, for their approval in the same 4 

manner as accounts for materials and supplies for such institutions 5 

are approved, and such account shall be tiled with the treasurer and 6 

receiver general when the proceeds of such sales are paid over to 7 

him. 8 



Salaries, when 

payable. 

Advances. 

185S, 11, §§3,4. 

1S59, 27-2, § i. 

G. S. 15, § 36. 

186", 263. 

1868, 4. 

P. S. 16, § .54. 

1895, 34. 

98 Mass. 484. 



Section 5S. Salaries payable from the treasury shall, unless 1 

otherwise provided, ))e paid on the first day of each month, and 2 

shall be in full for all services rendered to the commonwealth by 3 

the persons to whom they are paid. Advances on account of 4 

salaries may be made under such regulations as the treasurer and 5 

receiver general may prescribe, not exceeding the proportion of 6 

salary then due, nor oftener than once in seven days nor after the 7 

twenty-fifth day of the month. No salary shall ])e paid to any 8 

person for a longer period than that during wliich he has been 9 

actually employed in the duties of his office. If a salary shall be 10 

diminished, no greater rate shall be paid because of any previous 11 

appropriation therefor. 12 



Disposal of 
unviaid checks. 
1900, 117, § 1. 



Section 59. The face value of all checks hereafter given by the 
treasurer and receiver general and not paid within two years after 
their issue shall revert to the treasury of the commonwealth, and 
the amount due on account of such checks shall not be paid from 
such treasury except upon an appropriation for the purpose by the 



general court. 



Par of ex- 
change estab- 
lished. 
1882, 110. 



Section 60. The par of exchange established by section thirty-five 1 

hundred and sixty-five of the Revised Statutes of the United States 2 

is hereby adopted for all accounts, entries and records in the books 3 

of the auditor of accounts and of the treasurer and receiver general. 4 



Deposit of pub- 
lic moneys in 
trust com- 
panies, etc. 
1876, 21. 
P. S. 16, § 55. 
1891, 310. 



Section 61. The treasurer and receiver general may deposit 1 

any portion of the public moneys in his possession in such national 2 

banks within the commonwealth or in such trust companies incor- 3 

porated under the laws of, and doing business within, this common- 4 

wealth, as shall be approved at least once in three months by the 5 

governor and council ; but the amount deposited in any one Ijank 6 

or trust company shall not at any one time exceed forty per cent 7 

of its y)aid up capital. All interest received on such deposits shall 8 

T)e paid into the treasury of the commonwealth. 9 



Assignment of 
bonds, mort- 
gages, etc. 
18.56, 68, § 2. 
G. S. 15, § 16. 
P. S. 16, § .56. 



Section 62. No bond or security belonging to the commonwealth 1 

shall be transferred except with the written approval of the gov- 2 

ernor. A note, })ond, mortgage or other security which has been 3 

made to the treasurer and receiver general by name may be as- 4 

signed, transferred or discharged by him or by any successor in 5 

office. 6 



Section 63. If the treasurer and ret-eiver jjeneral is authorized 
to discharge a mortgage held by the commonwealth, he may instead 



Treasurer may 

assign instead 

of discharge 

mortgage. ~" [ — "&■" ^ ^^^^.^^^^^ .^^.^^ ,,j^ ^..^ ^...^x.^.x,.. ,, v..^^^^^, ^^^ ^. — j ^-^ 

G*s' is^'s IS thereof assign it ; but such assignment shall not impose upon the 
p. s. i6|§57. commonwealth any liability, express or implied. 



funds of the 
common- 
wealth. 

1862, 187, § 1. 



Chap. 6.] matters of finance, 81 

1 Section ()4. When the title to real estate vests in the common- Treasurer may 

2 wealth hy foreclosure the treasurer and receiver general may, with heidbyforf 

3 the approval of the governor and council, convey the same upon the isof^ios, § i. 

4 payment of the amount of the mortgage debt with the interest and g-^I.^iI'^Iu. 

5 expenses accrued thereon. p. s. le, §58. 

1 Section 65. Funds over which the commonwealth has exclusive investment of 

2 control shall be invested by the treasurer and receiver general with 

3 the approval of the governor and council, in securities of the com- 

4 monwealth, in the notes or bonds of the several counties, cities, fg-J-^l^^*'" 

5 and towns thereof, or in the scrip or Ijonds of the United States, 

6 of the several New England states, or of the state of New York ; 

7 in the notes or bonds of any incorporated district in this common- 

8 wealth or of any city of the New England states, issued for munici- 

9 pal purposes, whose net indebtedness at the time of purchase does 

10 not exceed five per cent of the last preceding valuation of the 

1 1 {property therein for the assessment of taxes ; or in the notes of any 

12 corporation established within this commonwealth to become due in 

13 one year or less time if secured by a pledge of bonds of the United 

1 4 States or of this commonwealth of at least an equal value estimating 

15 them at not more than eighty-five per cent of their market value. 

1 Section 66. No deposit required by law to be made by any Trust deposits 

2 corporation in trust with the treasurer and receiver general, or any reglliated!^'^'''^ 

3 part thereof, shall consist of a mortgage upon real estate or of a 1893,224. 

4 loan upon personal notes or of notes secured by collateral. He may 

5 in his discretion receive, as a part of such deposit, money or cer- 

6 tificates of deposit, or certified checks on any approved state de- 

7 positary, and may hold the same without interest until it may 

8 reasonably be invested in a proper legal security. 

1 Section 67. He shall have the custody and keep a separate ac- custody of 

2 count of all notes, Ijoiids and mortgages belonging to the common- beiongh^gto 

3 wealth, and shall receive all money accruing therefrom. All deeds ^"e'aiTh.'^" 

4 and instruments conveying real estate to the commonwealth shall, ^^g'^^o^fi 

5 when recorded, be deposited with and safely kept by him. isVo'.sli ^ ^^' 

P.s!i6','§§19,20. 

1 Section 68. The governor shall annually in August appoint a Annual exam- 

2 committee of the council, which shall examine the value of the notes securities. 

3 and securities in charge of the treasurer and receiver general and p.^|'. i6,'§ ei. 

4 report thereon to the governor and council, who may direct the 

5 treasurer to sell or to collect notes or securities over which the 

6 commonwealth has exclusive control and to reinvest the proceeds 

7 according to the provisions of section sixty-five. 

1 Section 69. The income or any surplus of funds belonging to unappropri- 

2 or in the custody of the commonwealth shall, unless otherwise pro- is62, 83, §4. ' 

3 vided, be added to the principal. '''■ ^ "' 

1 Section 70. When the accumulations of a sinking fund of the AppiicaWonof 

2 commonwealth are sufficient to extinguish at maturity the indebted- of sinking 

3 ness for which it was established, its subsequent accumulations may Isgi.m 

4 be added by the treasurer to any sinking fund which is not sufficient 

5 to meet the indebtedness for which it was established. 



82 



MATTERS OF FINANCE. 



[Chap. 6. 



Transfer of 

securities from 

one fund to 

anotlier. 

1868, 71. 

P. S. 16, § 63. 



Section 71. The treasurer, instead of selling any of the stocks 1 

or securities belono-ino; to funds over which the commonwealth has 2 

exclusive control to meet maturing liabilities, may transfer them to 3 

any other of such funds upon terms and conditions approved by the 4 

ofovernor and council. 5 



^otes for i^or- SECTION 72. Notcs for monev borrowed in anticipation of the 1 
Bes. 18.57, 91). revenue shall be signed by the treasurer, approved by the governor, 2 
G. s. i5,"§ 34. and countersigned bv the auditor. p. s. le, § m. 3 



Bondsor scrip SECTION 73. The principal and interest of all Ijonds or scrip of 1 
the conuuonwealth when due shall be paid in gold coin or its equiv- 2 
alent. p. s. le, §67. 3 



payable in 
Id. 



go 
1862, 82. 
1878, 11. 



Issue of regis- 
tered in ex- 
change for 
coupon bonds. 
1867,2.55, §U,3. 
p. S. 16, §§ 68, 
69. 



Section 74. The treasurer may, upon terms and regulations 1 

prescribed l)y the governor and council, issue, in denominations of 2 

not less than one thousand dollars, registered bonds in exchange for 3 

any coupon bonds of the commonwealth, which, with the exception 4 

of the coupons, shall be in conformity with the law^s authorizing 5 

the issue of such coupon bonds. He shall mutilate and retain the 6 

bonds so received in exchange. The auditor shall certify such reg- 7 

istered bonds ; and he and the treasurer shall each keep a register 8 

of their dates, numl^ers and amounts, the names of the persons to 9 

whom they were issued, when they are payaljle, and for what bonds 10 

they were issued in exchange. The treasurer may also, upon the 11 

same terms and regulations, issue in substitution for mutilated, de- 12 

faced or indorsed bonds presented to him other bonds of like or 13 

equivalent issues. 14 



Tond^'i^hln^** Section 75. If it appears to the governor and council, by clear 1 

originals have and une(iuivocal proof, that any interest-bearing bond of the com- 2 

destroyed. moiiw^ealth identified by number and description has, without bad 3 

p.'s. i6','§ 70. faith upon the part of the owner, l)een lost or destroyed, wholly 4 

or in part, they shall, under regulations and with restrictions as to 5 

time and retention for security or otherwise prescribed by them, 6 

order the treasurer to issue a registered duplicate of such bond, 7 

payable at the same time, bearing the same rate of interest as the 8 

bond lost or destroyed, and so marked as to show the number and 9 

date of the original l)ond. If such bond was of a class or series 10 

which has been or may be called in for redemption before the appli- 11 

cation for a reissue, it shall be paid, with such interest only as 12 

would have been jjaid if the bond had been presented in accordance 13 

with such call. 14 



Bond of in- 
demnity l)y 
owner of lost 
bond. 

1872, 367, § 2. 
p. S. 16, § 71. 



Section 7fi. The owner of such bond shall surrender so much 1 

thereof as may remain, if any, and shall give to the treasurer 2 

and receiver general a bond in double the amount of said lost or 3 

destroyed bond and of the interest which would accrue until the 4 

principal is due and })ayal)le, with two sufficient sureties, residents 5 

of this commonwealth, approved ])y the governor and council, con- (> 

ditioned to indemnify and save harmless the commonwealth from 7 

any claim on account of said lost or destroyed bond. 8 



Chap. 7.] attorney general and district attorneys. 83 

1 Section 7 7 . Officers or agents who contract in behalf of the com- security 

2 monAveahh for the construction or repair of public buildings or mJchl^cs* 

3 other public works shall obtain sufficient security, by bond or bundiifgl*.'^''"^ 

4 otherwise, for payment by the contractor and sub-contractors for p^|' '^% 64 

5 labor performed or furnished and for materials used in such con- iv4 Mass. 335. 

6 struction or repair ; but in order to obtain the benetit of such secu- 

7 rity, the claimant shall file with such officers or agents, a sworn 

8 statement of his claim, within sixty days after the completion of 

9 the work. 

1 Section 78. The auditor of accounts, the auditor of any public Requirement 

2 institution, or any other person authorized to approve claims for claimant. 

3 materials, supplies or other articles furnished to, or for service or pfl'.iel'/el'. 

4 labor performed for, the commonwealth, may, before approving any 

5 such claim, require the claimant to certify under oath that all the 

6 articles have been furnished, for which the claim has been made, 

7 or that the service or labor has been performed, and that no com- 

8 mission, discount, bonus, present or reward of any kind has been 

9 received or promised or is expected on account of the same. 

1 Section 79. The governor, with the advice and consent of the Agent to prose- 

^ •! ^ j_» j_ J.' • j_ j_ J. • -I cute claims. 

2 council, may irom time to time appoint an agent to examine and Res. 1883,45. 

3 prosecute before any of the executive departments of the United 

4 States government, any account or claim of the commonwealth 

5 against the United States, except any claim for reimbursement of 

6 interest paid by the commonwealth on its war loans ; and if any 

7 amount is received into the treasury of the commonwealth by reason 

8 of the services rendered by such agent he may be paid in full com- 

9 pensation for services and expenses such sum, not exceeding ten 

10 per cent of the amovmt so received, as may be agreed upon in ad- 

11 vance between the governor and council and such agent. 



CHAPTEK 7. 

OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL AND THE DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 

1 Section 1 . The attorney general shall appear for the common- Attorney gen. 

2 wealth, the secretary, the treasurer and receiver general, the auditor for^oVmon^'^ 

3 of accounts and for state boards and commissions in all suits and J^oTfis.li.^"' 

4 other civil proceedings in which the commonwealth is a party or Hil'i^ 

5 interested, or in which the official acts and doings of said officers R^|'\f''c||o 

6 are called in question, in all the courts of the commonwealth, except 30. 

• • • • 1889 '^8 5 2 

7 upon criminal recognizances and bail bonds ; and in such suits and ims, 99! 

8 proceedings before any other tribunal when requested by the gov- .3^7^' ^^' ^^ ^' 

9 ernor or by the general court or either branch thereof. All such ^i. ^' ^^' ^^ ^^' 

10 suits and proceedings shall be prosecuted or defended by him or Y'%% §§3 8 

11 under his direction. Writs, summonses or other processes served J^^Mof 

12 upon such officers shall be forthwith transmitted by them to him. i895;373; 

13 All legal services required by such officers, boards, commissions and 

14 commissioner of pilots for the harbor of Boston in matters relating 

15 to their official duties shall be rendered by the attorney general or 

16 under his direction. 



1896,490, §§1,2. 



84. 



ATTORNEY GEISTJHAL AXD DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 



[Chap. 7. 



Collection of 
claims of com- 
monwealth. 
1884, 199. 
R. S. 13, § 2.1. 
G. S. 15, § 17. 
P. S. 16, § ->1. 



Section 2. The attorney general shall enforce the collection 1 

of money due under the provisions of section eight of chapter six 2 

and the performance of the conditions therein referred to, as, with 3 

due regard to the situation of the debtors, he may consider that 4 

the interests of the commonwealth require. 5 



brou°''°ft "^"^^ Section 3. All civil actions to recover money for the common- 1 

1866, 233, §2. wealth ma}^ be brought by the attorney general or by a district 2 

attorney in the name of the commonwealth. 3 



Attorney 
general to 
advise district 
attorneys, etc. 
1832, 130, § 8. 
R.S. 1.3, §§28,31. 
1843, 99, § 2. 

1849, 186, §§ 2, 4. 

1850, 46. 

G. S. 14, §§ 17, 
19. 



Section 4. He shall consult Avith and advise the district attor- 
neys in matters relating to their duties ; and, if in his judgment the 
public interest so requires, he shall assist them hj attending the 
gi*and jury in the examination of a case in which the accused is 
charged with a capital crime, and appear for the commonwealth in 
the trial of indictments for capital crimes. 

p. S. 17, § 5. 1891, 379, § 10. 1893, .324. 



— to enforce 
application of 
charity funds, 
etc. 

1847, 263. 
1849, 186, § 8. 
G. S. 14, § 20. 
p. S. 17, § 6. 
5 Gush. 336. 



Section fi. He shall enforce the due application of funds given 
or appropriated to pulilic charities within the commonwealth, pre- 
vent breaches of trust in the administration thereof and, if necessary, 
prosecute corporations which fail to make to the general court the 
returns required by law. 126 Mass. 217. 



matio^n^ *°**"^ Section 5. He may, if in his judgment the public interest so 1 

G^lif'As requires, prosecute informations or other processes against persons 2 

p.' s." 17.' § 4. ' who intrude on the land, rights or property of the commonwealth, 3 

or commit or erect a nuisance thereon. riop. a.g.638.] 4 



— to aid and 
advise commit- 
tees of general 
court. 

1832, 1.30, § 8. 
R. S. 13, § 33. 
1843, 99, § 3. 
1849, 186, § 6. 
G. S. 14, § 21. 
P. S. 17, § 7. 
1900, 373, § 1. 



Section 7. He shall, when required by either branch of the 1 

o;eneral court, attend durins; its sessions and ffive his aid and 2 

advice in the arrangement and preparation of legislative documents 3 

and business, and shall give his opinion upon questions of law 4 

submitted to him l)y the governor and council or by either branch 5 

of the general court. He, or some person designated by him, shall, 6 

when requested by a vote of a majority of the members of a legis- 7 

lative committee, appear before such committee and advise it upon 8 

the legal effect of proposed legislation pending before it. 9 



Annual report 
and reports of 
capital trials. 
18.32, 1.30, § 8. 
R.S.13,§§31,32. 
18.39, 157, § 4. 
1849, 186. § 4. 
G. S. 14,§23. 
P. S. 17, § 9. 
1886, 214. 
1898, 436. 
1900, 373, § 2. 



Section 8. He shall annually report to the general court the 
cases tried, argued or conducted )jy him during the preceding 
year, with suggestions and recommendations as to the amendment 
and the proper and economical administration of the laws. He shall 
include therein a statement of his acts under the preceding section 
with suggestions and recommendations relative thereto. He may, 
with the approval of the governor and council, prepare and publish 
reports of capital trials at an expense not exceeding fifteen hun- 
dred dollars in any one year. One copy shall be sent to each public 
and law li))rary in the commonwealth, and the Ijalance may be sold, 
or otherwise disposed of, at the discretion of the secretar}'^ of the 
commonwealth. 



9 
10 
11 
12 



Salary and 
assistants. 
1786, Si. 



Section 9. He shall receive an annual .salary of five thousand 1 
dollars. He may appoint such assistants as the duties of the office 2 



Chap. 7.] attorney general and district attorneys. 85 

3 require; and with the approval of the governor and council shall Jsis' isi u^^' 

4 fix their compensation. If in his opinion the interests of the com- jPI'^f'/ilf- 

5 monwealth so require, he may, with the approval of the governor 1849,' ise, § ii. 
i] and council, employ additional legal assistance. g. s. u, §§ le, 32. i856, 67.' 

I8C6, 208, § 2. 1873, 254. 1879, 123, § 2. 1886, 216. 1889, 402. ®®' ^^^' ^*'' 
1868, 93, §§ 1, 2. 1874, 132. P. 8. 17, §§ 1, 2. 1888, 425. 1896, 490, § 3. 

1 Section 10. An amount not exceeding eight hundred dollars civfiTcftlons^ 

2 shall be annually appropriated for the contingent expenses of civil g^|'^i4'|24 

actions in wdiich the commonwealth is a party or interested. i89o, 3S8. p-s. 17, §10. 

1 Section 11. For the administration of the criminal law, the Districts for 

, . 1 i;^ \» 11 T • 1 aamimstni- 

2 county of Suiiolk shall constitute the buflolk district; the county tion of crimi- 

3 of Middlesex, the northern district; the county of Essex, the east- Amend." const., 

4 ern district ; the counties of Nortblk and Plymouth, the south- 1832, 130, § 0. 

5 eastern district; the counties of Bristol, Barnstable, Nantucket and ^sis, §§34, 

6 Dukes County, the southern district; the county of Worcester, the i8t2;i96,\§"i,2. 

7 middle district; the counties of Berkshire and Hampden, the w^est- q^IY/'s^'^' 

8 ern district ; and the counties of Franklin and Hampshire, the north- f. s! 17^ § 12! 

9 western district ; and for each of said districts there shall be a 
10 district attorney. 

1 Section 12. The district attorney for the Suffolk district may Assistant dis- 

. T . . 1111 *"*''' attorneys. 

2 appoint a first and a second assistant district attorney and a clerk, and i856, 67, § 1.^ 

3 the district attorney for the northern, eastern, southerti, southeast- im^siL 

4 ern and middle districts, respectively, may appoint an assistant dis- i874ri64; ' 

5 trict attorney; any such assistant or clerk may be removed at the pfs.i7'/§§i3, 

6 pleasure of the district attorney. ^*- 

1882, 157. 1888, 157. 1891, 113. 1897, 306. 

1 Section 13. The annual salary of the district attorney for the Suf- fricfattorneyl' 

2 folk district shall be five thousand dollars ; for the northern district, f^ i|o'?io*^' 

3 tw^enty-four hundred dollars; for the eastern district, twenty-four R.J.i3,'§ 43.' 

4 hundred dollars; for the southeastern district, twenty-four hundred 1845^ 36, i4. 

5 dollars; for the southern district, twenty-two hundred dollars; for is^s,' i6, § 3. 

6 the middle district, twenty-four hundred dollars ; for the western HP' }|; § 4. 

7 district, tw^enty-one hundred dollars ; and for the northwestern dis- i^e; llg; I77. 

8 trict, thirteen hundred and fifty dollars. The annual salary of the j|^^' j^f ^^g 

9 first and second assistant district attorneys for the Sufiblk district i|5| 2w! ^^ 

10 shall be thirty-three hundred dollars each ; and that of the clerk of the 32. ' 

11 district attorney for said district, eighteen hundred dollars ; of the i868!4^ " 

12 assistant district attorney for the northern district, fifteen hundred li7o;36i;§§i,2. 

13 dollars ; for the southeastern district, fourteen hundred dollars ; for ]|I|;|^^- 

14 the eastern, southern and middle districts, twelve hundred dollars {^Ig'.^gg- 

15 each. Said salaries shall be paid from the treasury of the common- 1881; 28ji' 1.57. 

-, ^ 1,1 p. S. li,§15. 

lb wealth. 1882, 156; 157; 245, §2. 1885,168. 

1887, 97, 160. 

1888, 157, 267, 289. 

1889, 238, 250. 

1 Section 14. If there is no assistant district attorney, the court District attor. 

2 may allow a reasonable sum, payable from the county treasury, cierkandtem- 

3 for the services of a clerk to aid the district attorney ; and in the ant1i7certain 

4 northern, eastern, middle, and southeastern districts, the court may 1873^278. 

5 appoint, for the sitting at which the appointment is made, such clerk p/l/17; § ig. 

6 or other competent person to act as an assistant to the district 1888, 267, § 2. 



1891, 113. 


1894, 297. 


1898, 235. 


1892, 233, 319. 


1895, 424. 


1899, 470. 


1893, 138, 457. 


1897, 306. 


1901, 500. 



86 



ATTORNEY GENERAL AND DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. [ChAP. 7. 



attorney. The compensation of such assistant, not exceeding six 
hundred dollars in one j^ear, shall be paid as above provided. 



Appointment SECTION 15. The Supreme iudicial court and the superior court 1 

ot substitute, ...,,'^ ,. , ITT r\ 

when. may at any sitting, in the absence oi the attorney general and dis- 2 

trict attorney, appoint some suitable person to perform their duties. 3 

G. S. 14, § 25. P. S. 17, § 22. 4 Gray, 146. 8 Gray, .501. 



1832, 130, § 9. 
B. S. 13, § 40 



District attor- 
neys to give 
bond. 

1874, 394, § 1. 
P. S. 17, § 18. 



Section 16. A district attorney shall, l>efore entering upon the 1 

performance of his official duties, give bond to the commonwealth 2 

in the sum of five thousand dollars, with two sufficient sureties 3 

approved by the superior court, conditioned faithfully to account 4 

for and pay over all money received by him in the performance 5 

of his official duties. Said court may, if it considers such sureties 6 

insufficient, require a new bond. A failure to give bond shall 7 

be deemed a declination or resiofnation of the office. 8 



General duties 

of district 

attorneys. 

181)7, 18, § 1. 

1832, 130, § 9. 

R. S. 13, §§ 38, 

39. 

G. S. 14, §§ 31, 

33. 

P. S. 17, §§ 19, 

21. 

1893, 345. 

3 Cusli. 48. 

8 Gray, 499. 

9 Gray, 278. 
15 Gray, 447. 



Section 17. The district attorneys within their respective dis- 1 

tricts shall appear for the commonwealth in the superior court in all 2 

cases, criminal or civil, in which the commonwealth is a party or 3 

interested, and in the hearing, in the supreme judicial court, of all 4 

questions of law arising in the cases of which they respectively have 5 

charge, shall aid the attorney general in the duties required of him, 6 

and perform such of his duties as are not required of him person- 7 

ally ; but the attorney general, when present, shall have the control 8 

of such cases. They may interchange official duties. 9 



deiauitecTor Section 18. District attorneys shall commence suits upon re- 1 

forfeited re- coffnizaiices ill crhuiiial cases within their respective districts within 2 

cognizances in , & i p i p 

criminal cases, sixty days after default has been entered of record, or after they 3 

p. s. i7,'§ 20. have satisfactory evidence of an act which should cause a forfeiture 4 

thereof and shall prosecute them without delay. Such suits may 5 

be begun after the expiration of said sixty days, and shall not be 6 

discontinued without the consent of the court, or upon a certificate, 7 

signed by the sherilf or his deputy and filed in court, that the 8 

amount of the recognizance and the costs of suit have been paid to 9 

him. ^ 10 



«-ai°™t^^ fo'^ Section 19. The attorney general and district attorneys shall 1 

*^I*^-®Y"^'^ advise and consult with the trustees and treasurers of the several 2 

certain trus- ^ i • i . . • ,t> • i 

tees, etc. state insauc hospitals on questions of law relative to their official 3 

business. p. s. 17, §23. 4 



1862, 223, § 12. 



Section 20. The attorney general and the district attorneys shall 
account to the treasurer and receiver general for all fees, bills of 



— to account 

for fees. 

1786, 84. 

1789, 25, 45. ^ , • i i ^ i i • /• i • n^ 

1813, 131, §2. cost and money received by them by virtue 01 their offices. 

1832, 130, § 10. R. S. 13, § 45. G. S. 14, § 27. P. S. 17, § 24. 9 Gray, 278. 



— not to re- 
ceive fees, etc. 
1807, 18, § 2. 
18:12, 1.30, § 10. 
K. S. 13, § 46. 
G. S. 14, § 26. 
P. S. 17, § 25. 



Section 21. Xo prosecuting officer shall receive any fee or re- 
ward from or in behalf of a prosecutor for services in any prosecu- 
tion or business to which it is his oiKcial duty to attend, nor shall 
he l)e concerned as counsel or attorney for either party in a civil 
action depending upon the same facts involved in such prosecution 
or business. 



Chap. 8.] the statutes. 87 



CHAPTEK 8. 

OF THE STATUTES. 

1 Section 1 . A statute shall take effect throughout the common- when statutes 

2 wealth, unless otherwise expressly provided therein, on the thirtieth feet. 

3 day next after the day on which it is approved by the governor, or g! s! .3', § 6. ' ' 

4 is otherwise passed and approved, or has the force of a law, con- foMa^g's^aoo. 

5 formably to the constitution. I g^^^' ^• 

16 Gray, 144. 108 Mass. 32. 109 Mass. 355, 358. 118 Mass. 168. 

1 Section 2. A resolve shall take effect upon its passage unless Re^soi^esto 

2 otherwise expressly provided therein. i864, 287. p. s. 3, § 2. upon passage. 

1 Section 3. If an act or resolve is to take effect upon its accept- j^^^^^g^^e. 

2 ance by a municipal or other corporation, a return of the action taryofMrn- 

„ , ,^ , ^,. iiiiTi'Jiiij.1 J. monwealth or 

3 taken by such corporation shall be made by its clerk to the secretary acceptance or 

4 of the commonwealth within thirty days thereafter. If such act o^certama^ts 

5 or resolve prescribes a time within which it may be accepted and, fg^'^.^'ioo^'^^^" 

6 within the time limited, it is rejected, or no action is taken thereon, 

7 said clerk shall, within thirty days after the expiration of the time 

8 so limited, make a return to the secretary of the commonwealth, 

9 stating that such act or resolve was rejected or that no action was 
10 taken thereon. 

1 Section 4. In construing statutes the following rules shall be Rules for con- 

2 observed, unless their observance would involve a construction in- utes!°^ 

3 consistent with the manifest intent of the general court, or repugnant p- 1; 3' 1 3; 

4 to the context of the same statute ; that is to say : — 

5 First, The repeal of an act or resolve shall not revive any Repeal not to 

, ^ 1 revive any pre- 

6 previous act or resolve. i869,4io. p.s.3, §3,ci. 1. vious statute. 

7 Second, The repeal of an act shall not affect any punishment, ^|P^fpe°*i*° 

8 penalty or forfeiture incurred before the repeal takes effect, or any ties, etc., pre- 

9 suit, prosecution or proceeding pending at the time ot tne repeal cuneci. 

10 for an offence committed, or for the recovery of a penalty or for- p. s. 3, §3,01.2. 

11 feiture incurred under the act repealed. 123 Mass. 407. 150 Mass. 315. 

12 Third, Words and phrases shall be construed according to the How words 

13 common and approved usage of the language ; but technical words shaifbecon. 

14 and phrases and such others as may have acquired a peculiar and ks!^2,§6,ci.i. 

15 appropriate meaning in the law shall be construed and understood p.f-gja'ci'i: 

16 according to such meaning. 8 Alien, 298. 10 Alien, 157. 7 Alien, 29,5, 305. 

17 Fourth, Words importing the singular number may extend and Ser."^'^"^^ 

18 be applied to several persons or things, words importing the plural llJ;!^;^!! 

19 number may include the singular, and words importing the mascu- p^s:3;|^3,^ci."4: 

20 line gender may be applied to females. , i3i Mass. 376. 127 Mass! 565. 

21 Fifth, Words purporting to give a joint authority to three or ^0^"*^*"- 

22 more public officers or other persons shall be construed as giving r.s. 2, §6,01. 3. 

23 such authority to a majority of such officers or persons. p." s! 3; § 3^ cl 5! 

6 Met. 343. 7 Gray, 131. 113 Mass. 174. 

5 Gush. 272. 16 Gray, 343. 152 Mass. 500, 505. 

1 Section 5. In construing statutes the following words shall ^Xn lords 

2 have the meaning herein given, unless a contrary intention clearly ^gtatuteT"'"^ 

3 appears : — g. s. 3, § 7. p. s. 3, § 3. 



88 



THE STATUTES. 



[Chap. 8. 



" Annual meet- 
ing." 

E. S. 2, § 6, cl. 4. 
laST, 52. 
G.S.3,§7,cl.4. 

" Gaming," 
" illegal gam- 
ing," " unlaw- 
f tu gaming." 
1895, 419, § 1. 



" Grantor " 
and "grantee." 
R.S.2, §6,cl.5; 
60, § 32. 

G. S. 3, § 7, cl. o. 
P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 7. 

" Highway." 
R. S. 2, § 6, cl. 6. 
G. S. 3, 5 7, cl. 6. 
P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 8. 

" Inhabitant." 
Const.,pt.2,c. 
1, § 2, art. 2. 

" Insane per- 
son " and 
" lunatic." 



" Issue." 
R.S.2,§6,cl.9; 
61, § 13. 



" Land," 
" lands," and 
" real estate." 
R. S. 2, § 6, 
cl. 10. 



"Legal holi- 
day." 

1856, 113, § 1. 
G. S. 2, § 24. 

1881, 71. 

P. S. 2, § 34. 

1882, 49. 
1887, 263. 
1894, 130, § 4. 
1896, 162, § 1. 



" Mayor and 
aldermen." 
1854, 448, § 33. 

" Month " and 

" year." 

R. S. 2, § 6, 

cl. 11. 

G. S. 3, § 7, 

cl. 11. 

" Net indebted- 
ness." 

1875, 209, §§ 6, 
10. 

1880, 32. 

P. S. 29, §§ 2, 3. 
188;}, 127. 
1894, 317, § 21, 
cl. 2,/. 

1894, .522, § 34, 
cl. 4. 

Newspaper. 
1885, 235. 



" Oath." 
R. S. 2, § 6, 
cl. 12. 



First, The words " annual meeting," when applied to towns, shall 
mean the annual meeting required by law to be held in the month 
of February, March or April. p. s. 3, § 3, ci. e. 

Second, The Avords " gaming," " illegal gaming " or "unlawful 
gaming" shall include every act punishal)le under any law relative 
to lotteries, policy lotteries or policy, the buying and selling of 
pools or registering of bets. 

Tliird, The word " grantor " may include every person from or by 
Avhom a freehold estate or interest passes in or by any deed ; and 
the word " grantee " may include every person to whom such estate 
or interest so passes. i65 Mass. 362. 

Fourth, The word " highway" may include a county bridge, and 
shall be equivalent to the words "county way," "county road" 
and " common road." 

Fifth, The word "inhabitant" may mean a resident in any city 

or town. R.S.2, §6,cl.7. G.S.3, §7,cl.7. P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 9. 6 Allen, 425. 122 Mass. 595. 

Sixth, The words "insane person" and "lunatic" shall include 
every idiot, non compos, lunatic and insane and distracted person. 

R. S. 2, § 6, cl. 8. R. S. 79, § 34. G. S. 3, § 7, cl. 8. P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 10. 

Seventh, The word " issue," as applied to the descent of estates, 
shall include all the lawful lineal descendants of the ancestor. 

G. S. 3, § 7, cl. 9. P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 11. 140 Mass. 267, 270. 

Eighth, The words "land," "lands" and "real estate" shall 
include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto 
and interevsts therein. r. s. eo, § 32. g. s. 3, § 7, ci. 10. 

P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 12. 120 Mass. 159. 138 Mass. 378. 155 Mass. 505, .506. 

Ninth, The words "legal holiday" shall include the twenty- 
second day of February, the nineteenth day of April, the thirtieth 
day of May, the fourth day of July, the first Monday of Septem- 
ber, Thanksgiving day and Christmas day, or the day following 
when any of the four days first mentioned or Christmas day occurs 
on Sunday ; and the public ofiices shall be closed on all of said 
days. 

Tenth, The words "mayor and aldermen" shall mean board of 
aldermen, except as applied to appointments. g. s. 19, § 17. 1882, i64. 

Eleventh, The word "month" shall mean a calendar month, and 
the word " year," a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed ; and 
the word " year" alone shall be equivalent to the expression " year 

of our Lord. " p. S. 3, § 3, cl. 13. 19 pick. 532, .535. 14 Gray, 37. 

Twelfth, The words " net indebtedness" shall mean the indebted- 
ness of a county, city, town or district, omitting debts created for 
supplying the inhabitants with water and other debts exempted 
from the operation of the law limiting their indebtedness, and de- 
ducting the amount of sinking funds available for the payment of 
the indebtedness included. 1895, i64. 

Thirteenth, Any daily or weekly periodical devoted exclusively 
to legal news, which has been published in the commonwealth for 
six consecutive months, shall be deemed a newspaper for the inser- 
tion of legal notices required by law, if the publication of such 
notice in such periodical is ordered by the court. 

Fourteenth, The word " oath " shall include " affirmation " in cases 
where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath. 



4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 
23 

24 
25 
26 

27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 



G. S. .3, § 7, cl. 12. 



P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 14. 



Chap. 9.] printing and distrip,ution of laws and public documents, 89 

53 Fifteenth, The word "ordinance," as applied to cities, shall be "Ordinance." 

54 synonymous with the word ' ' by-law."' p. s. :?, § 3, ci. 15. ^{ |jf > ^ '■ 

55 Sixteenth, The word "person" may extend and be applied to "Person." 

56 bodies politic and corporate. g. s. 3, § 7, ci. 13. p. s. 3, § 3, ci. ic. ^i 13.^' ^ "' 

3 Gush. 45. 6 Cush. 482. 8 Gray, 510. 118 Mass. .3i54. 

4 Gush. 589. 12 Cush. 59. 8 Allen, 209. 153 Mass. 43. 

57 Seventeenth, The word " place " may mean a city or town. " Piace." 

G. S. 3, § 7, cl. 18. P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 17. 11 Gray, 81. 102 Mass. 215. 

58 Eighteenth, The word "preceding" or "following," used with ^^^^^^''f™^^/,;]^,'' 

59 reference to any section of the statutes, shall mean the section last i^^-,"., 

60 preceding or next following, unless some other section is expressly ci! li"' ^' 

61 designated in such reference. p. s. 3, § 3, ci. is. ci! ii' 

62 Nineteenth, If the seal of a court, public office, public officer or " seai." 

63 corporation is required by law to be affixed to a paper, the ^\. 15.^' ^ ^' 

64 word "seal" shall mean an impression of the official seal upon Jlfl'sfj- 

65 the paper as well as an impression on a wafer or wax affixed ps'g §3 

Q6 thereto. 10 Alien, 251. WAllen, 337. cl.19. ' 

67 Twentieth, The word " spendthrift" shall mean a person who is " sijendthrift." 

68 liable to be put under guardianship on account of excessive drink- G.8.'.3,^§7,^(ti.8. 

69 ing, gaming, idleness or debauchery. fhlo.^'^^' 

70 Twenty-first, The word "state," when applied to the different ;; state "and 

71 parts of the United States, shall extend to and include the District states.^' 

72 of Columbia and the several territories; and the words " United ^1. le.^' ^ ^' 

73 States " shall include said district and territories, p. s. 3, § 3, ci. 21. JfLfe.^'^"' 

74 Twenty-second, The word "swear" shall include "affirm" in "Swear." 

75 cases in which by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath. c.^b^artFi! ^' 

76 When applied to public officers who are required by the constitu- .4"!1>"**' *'*^°^*'' 

77 tion to take the oaths therein prescribed, it shall refer to those ^is^^'"!^' 

78 oaths ; and when applied to any other officer it shall, unless other- p-s.3, §3, 

79 wise expressly i)rovided, mean sworn to the faithful performance 

80 of his official duties. 

81 Twenty-third, The word "town" may include a city, "Town." 

R. S. 2, § G, cl. 17. G. S. 3, § 7, cl. 17. P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 23. 148 Mass. 153. 153 Mass. 41. 

82 Twenty-foui'th, The word "will" shall include codicils, "wm." 

B. S. 2, § 6, cl. 18. G. S. 3, § 7, cl. 19. P. S. 3, § 3, cl. 24. 5 Cush. 259. 

83 Twenty-fifth, The words "written" and "in writing" may in- "Written" 

84 elude printing, engraving, lithographing and any other mode of fng.'.'^"^"'*^' 

85 representing w^ords and letters; but if the wi'itten signature of ,^'.19.^'^^' 

86 a person is required by law, it shall always be his own hand- Jfj- 1^ 3' § '^' 

87 writing or, if he is unable to write, his mark. ^125^'^ '^' 

9 Pick. 312. 1.^7 Mass. 439. 



CHAPTER 9. 

OF THE PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE LAWS AND PUBLIC 

DOCUMENTS. 

Sections 1-4. — Printing and Distribution of the Laws. 

Sections 5-15. — Printing and Distribution of Public Documents, etc. 

PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE LAWS. 

1 Section 1. The secretary of the commonwealth shall, at the Acts and re- 

2 close of each session of the general court, collate and cause to be fu/of! ^^^^^ 

3 printed in one volume, in style and arrangement as heretofore, the c.^elart.'^ii^' 



90 PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF LAWS AND PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. [ChAP. 9. 

Kes. 1811,76. constitution of the commonwealth, the acts and resolves passed, 4 

Kfis^.'ilal/ss. ^^^y amendments to the constitution agreed to during such session, 5 

G^s 3^§i*' ^^^® governor's address and messages, a list of the changes of names 6 

1865," i56. returned during the preceding year by the probate courts, a list of 7 

1876^ 178. ' the officers of the civil government of the commonwealth, a tal)le 8 

1878; 264; §3- of chauges in the general laws, and an index. The governor shall 9 

188?; 293; § s! annually appoint a skilled person to prepare said table and index, 10 

fssvM^* whose compensation shall be determined by the governor and coun- 11 

Jf^t'Bo'fi' cil. The table and index shall be printed in such editions of the 12 

1885, abi), §.. iiiT -10 

1889, 440, §1. laws as the afovernor shall direct. lo 

1894, 393, § 1. ^ 



to 



Distribution of SECTION 2. Twelve tliousaiid copics of said volume shall be 1 

solves. printed, and the secretary shall, immediately after their publica- 2 

G. s. 3, § i; tion, deposit one of said copies in his office and distribute others 3 

1866, 6.% § 2. i? n A 

1872; 329. ^ as follows : 4 

1878' 204; I H; To the clerk of the senate, for the use of the senate, twelve 5 

i88o; m, § 4". conies • 6 

1881, 293, §§3,4. *^"P^*^* ' • n i 

ps-4.§|-j To the clerk of the house of representatives, for the use of the / 

i88i5; 369; § 2! house, twenty-four copies ; 8 

1893; los; "' To each member of the general court, twenty copies, and to the 9 

1895; ll; 250; clcrks of cach branch thereof, twenty copies ; 10 

1899,^^6. To the librarian of the state library, for the use of the library, 11 

twenty-five copies ; 12 

To the o-overnor, the lieutenant governor, the members of the 13 

executive council, the attorney general and his assistants, the 14 

treasurer and receiver general, the auditor of accounts, the adju- 15 

tant general, every permanent state board or commission having 16 

an office and clerk, the senators and representatives in congress 17 

from this commonwealth, the justices, clerks and registers of the 18 

judicial courts, the reporter of decisions, trial justices, justices of 19 

the peace to issue warrants and take bail, district attorneys, masters 20 

in chancery, medical examiners, associate medical examiners, the 21 

controller of county accounts, county commissioners, county treas- 22 

urers, registers of deeds, sheriffs, city and town clerks for the use 23 

of the respective cities and towns, the chief of the district police, 24 

the warden of the state prison, the superintendent of the Massa- 25 

chusetts reformatory, the superintendent of the reformatory prison 26 

for women, keepers of jails and houses of correction, superintend- 27 

ents of state insane hospitals and asylums, superintendents of the 28 

Lyman and industrial schools, superintendents of the state hospital 29 

and the state farm, the state fire marshal. Harvard University, Bos- 30 

ton University, Clark University, Williams College, Amherst Col- 31 

lege. Tufts College, College of the Holy Cross, Boston College, 32 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Worcester Polytechnic Insti- 33 

tute, Massachusetts Agricultural College, AVellesley College, Smith 34 

College, Mount Holyoke College, Radcliffe College, the law school 35 

of Harvard University, the law school of Boston University, the 36 

state normal schools, such high schools in the commonwealth as may 37 

apply therefor, such common school in each town having no high 38 

school as may })e designated by the school committee, all free pub- 39 

lie libraries, the county law lil)raries, the Massachusetts Historical 40 

Society, the New England Historic-Genealogical Society, the Bos- 41 

ton Athenaeum, the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, 42 

such other educational and historical institutions and oro-anizations 43 



Chap. 9.] PRiNTma and distribution of laws and public documents. 91 

44 as the secretary of the commonwealth, in his discretion, may desig- 

45 nate, the justices of the supreme court of the United States, the 

46 judges and clerks of the United States circuit and district courts for 

47 the district of Massachusetts, one copy each ; also a sufficient num- 

48 ber to the clerks of the supreme judicial court and the superior 

49 court to supply two copies at each place where regular or adjourned 

50 sessions of said courts are held. 

51 To the secretary of state of the United States, four copies ; to 

52 the secretary of each of the United States for the use of such states, 

53 three copies ; to the library of congress, three copies, 

54 The remaining copies shall be subject to distribution by the sec- 

55 retary, 

1 Section 3. The secretary of the commonwealth shall also, at ^o^Pf^acts**'' 

2 the close of each session of the gfeneral court, cause to be published and resolves. 

Res 1847 88 

3 in pamphlet form twentv-five thousand copies of the acts and re- Res! i85o' 89! 

4 solves passed and of any proposed amendments to the constitution isbs.'ise. 

5 agreed to during such session, and shall send a copy of each sepa- ll77;^8f§^3. 

6 rate portion or signature of such edition, as soon as printed, to Jgsoiigs;!!! 

7 each of the following officers : the clerks of the several cities and if^i; 293! § 3. 

8 towns, for the use of the inhabitants thereof, the justices, clerks and i889,'2i2; 440, 

9 registers of the judicial courts, the district attorneys, the sherifts, 1894,393, §3. 

10 the trial justices, the justices of the peace to issue warrants and take 

11 bail, the county law libraries. He may also send copies of such 

12 signatures to such persons as apply therefor, charging not less than 

13 the cost of printing and postage. He shall cause the remaining 

14 copies of the pamphlet, except one thousand copies which he may 

15 reserve in his office for general distribution, to be apportioned ac- 

16 cording to the census and sent to the clerks of the several cities 

17 and towns, to be delivered by them to such inhabitants thereof as 

18 apply therefor ; but if it appears fi'om the representation of the 

19 clerk of a city or town that the number of copies to which such city 

20 or town is entitled is greater than the number applied for by its 

21 inhabitants, the number assigned thereto may be diminished. 

1 Section 4. The secretary shall, at an annual expense of not Newspaper ^^ 

2 more than five hundred dollars, publish the general laws and other general laws, 

3 official information intended for the public, in such newspaper in Res. isss, 11. 

4 the commonwealth as he may select. g. s.3, §'4. " 

1865, 193. P. S. 4, § 4. 1889, 440, § 4. 1894, 3*3, § 4. 

PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF PL^LIC DOCLTVIENTS, ETC. 

1 Section 5. The annual reports which are required by law or Annual 

2 custom to be made to the governor and council, to the general i857%o,' § i. 

3 court, to the secretary of the commonwealth or to the governor to g.^|'.1%|i',9. 

4 be by him transmitted to the general court shall, unless otherwise ^sImo^I's. 

5 provided, include the year ending on the thirtieth day of Septeni- 1894,393, §5. 

6 ber, and be submitted to the secretary of the commonwealth on or 

7 before the fifteenth day of October. Whoever wilfully neglects to 

8 make and transmit a report as required by this section shall forfeit 

9 ten dollars for each day such neglect continues. 

1 Section 6. Puljlic officers, trustees of public institutions and ^^^l 

2 boards shall, in addition to their annual reports, make special re- i8o7, 40,' § ii. 



92 



PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF LAWS AND PUBLIC DOCU3IENTS. [ChAP. 9. 



G. s. 4, §3. ports if the public interest so requires, which shall be transmitted 
fssf.'lto! §6. thi-ough the office of the secretary of the commonwealth. 

1894' 393! § 6. 



Public docu- 
ments. 
1857, 40, § 2. 
G. S. 4, § 2. 
1863, ■219. 

1876, 178. 

1877, 248, §§ 1, 5. 

1878, 264, § 1. 

1880, 193, § 1. 

1881, 293, § 1. 
P. S. 4, § 7. 
1885, 369. 
1889, 440, § 7. 
1894, 393, § 7. 

1896, 258. 

1897, 243. 
1901. 257. 



Section 7. There shall be printed annually, before the assem- 1 

bling of the general court or as soon thereafter as possible, the 2 

number of copies of docmnents and reports hereinafter specified, 3 

the same to be numbered in a series to be called public documents. 4 

Said reports shall be as brief as possible without omitting any 5 

facts or information required by law to be contained therein. No G 

maps, plans, photogravures, wood cuts or other pictorial illustrations 7 

shall be introduced unless specially authorized by the general court 8 

or either branch thereof or, if the cost does not exceed live hundred i) 

dollars, with the previous approval of the secretary of the com- 10 

monwealth, acting as supervisor of state printing, and of the auditor 11 

of accounts ; but said reports may include abstracts or compilations 12 

of the statutes relative to the subject-matter of the respective reports. 13 

They shall be transmitted to the general court through the office of 14 

the secretary of the commonwealth. No more copies than is herein 15 

provided for shall be printed at the expense of the commonwealth IG 

or be paid for out of any contingent fund, or out of the earnings 17 

of any department or institution which are the property of the com- 18 

monwealth ; and no bill for printing any larger number shall be 19 

approved by the auditor or paid out of any funds belonging to the 20 

commonwealth. 21 



Adjutant gen- 
eral. 



Attorney gen- 
eral. 

1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 

1878, 264, § 1. 

Auditor. 
1858, 46, § 3. 
1876, 178. 

Secretary of 
the common- 
wealth. 

Ajr^egates of 
polls, etc. 



Assessed polls, 

etc. 

1894, 200. 

Births, mar- 
riages and 
deaths, regis- 
tration of. 



Abstract of 
returns of 
corporations. 
1876, 178. 

Treasurer and 

receiver 

general. 

1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 



Rejiorts of Executive and Military Officers. 
Of the adjutant general, two thousand copies. 



1870, 273, § 2. 

1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 



1878, 264, § 1. 

1880, 193, § 1. 

1881, 293, § 1. 



P. S. 4, § 7. 
1885, 369. 
1889, 440, § 7. 



1893, 438. 

1894, 393, § 7. 



1880, 193, § 1. 

1881, 293, § 1. 



P. S. 4, § ' 
1885, 369. 



1889, 440, § 7. 
1894, 393, § 7. 



1895, 96. 
1898, 175. 



Of the auditor of accounts, fifteen hundred copies. 



1877, 248, § 1. 

1878, 264, § 1. 



1880, 193, § 1. 

1881, 293, § 1. 



P. S. 4, § ■ 
1885, 369. 



1889, 440, § 7. 
1894, 393, § 7. 



Of the secretary of the commonwealth, fifteen hundred copies. 

1892, 262, § 2. 1894, 393, § 7. 

Aggregates of polls, property and taxes, fifteen hundred copies. 



1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 



1878, 264, § 1. 
1880, 193, § 1. 



1881, 293, § 1. 
P. S. 4, § 7. 



1889, 440, § 7. 
1894, 393, § 7. 



Assessed polls, registered voters and votes cast, twenty -five hun- 
dred copies. 1897,141. 

Of registration of births, marriages and deaths, two thousand 



copies 



1878, 2()4, § 1. 
1880, 193, § 1. 



1876, 178. 
1881, 293, § 1. 
P. S. 4, § 7. 



1889, 440, § 7. 
1894, 393, § 7. 



22 



Of the attorney general, twenty-five hundred copies, of which 23 
five hundred copies shall be for the use of the attorney general. 24 



25 

2G 
27 

2^ 
29 
30 
31 



32 



1877, 248, § 1 . 

1884, 166, § 2. 

1885, 369. 

Abstract of returns of corporations, twenty-five hundred copies 

1877, 248, § 1. 188(t, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1889, 440, § 7. 

1878, 264, § 1. 1881, 293, § 1. 1885, 369. 1894, 393, § 7. 

Of the treasurer and receiver general, nineteen hundred copies. 33 

1878, 264, §1. 1881, 293, U. 188.5,369. 1894, .393, § 7. 

1880, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1889, 440, § 7. 1896, 189. 



Chap. 9.] printing and distribution of laws and public documents. 93 



Repoi'ts of Boards and Commissions. 

34 Of the secretary of the state board of agriculture, with an abstract Agriculture. 

35 of the report of the board of cattle commissioners, iifteen thousand g.^s. 4_,'§ 4. ' 

36 copies. Such parts of said report as the secretary of the board may istt,' 248] § i. 

37 deem best adapted to promote the interests of agriculture may be iggoii^JJ; 

38 published separately, for general distribution, the expense of such p.'^.s.f^^f/' 

39 publication to be met out of the appropriation for the dissemination J^^^- If^- ^ 

40 of useful information in agriculture. issg^Mo^fT! 

1894, 3a3, § 7; 491, § 51. 1899, 408, § 3. 1901, 130. 

41 Of the board of conciliation and arljitration, two thousand copies, conciliation, 

42 of which seven hundred copies shall be for the use of the board. 1891,191. 

1894, 393, § 7. 

43 Of the board of cattle commissioners, fifteen hundred copies, of cattie oommis- 

44 which four hundred copies shall be for the use of the board. i887, 252, § 19. 

1894, 393, § 7. 1897, 141. 

45 Of the state board of charity, two thousand copies. There shall charity. 

46 also be printed for the use of the board, five hundred copies of so 1877^248; §i. 

47 much of said report as relates to city and town ahnshoiLses, together isso^ 193' § 1.' 

48 with that portion of the appendix called the pauper abstract, and i8S9,'44o!§'7. 

49 one thousand copies of so much as relates to the returns made to f^^\ 320: ^ '' 

50 the board by certain charitable corporations. 1901,263. 

51 Of the civil service commission, ten thousand copies. civii service. 

1894, 393, § 7. 1896, 86. 

52 Of the board of registration in dentistry, twenty-five hundred j?oifrcfS^re<-- 

53 copies. 1889,440, §7. I89I, 76. 1894,393, §7. Istratlon. 

54 Of the secretary of the state board of education, five thousand fecretaiy°of 

55 copies. Such parts of said report as the secretary of the board may \2S^\ 

56 deem best adapted to promote the interests of public schools may be g.s'. 4_,'§ 4. ' 

57 published separately, for general distribution, the expense of such i877!248;§i. 

58 publication not to exceed in any one year the sum of five hundred fm)\ 193! § \. 

59 dollars, to be met out of the appropriation for incidental and con- pfs.4f§7.^' 

60 tingent expenses of the board. i885, 369. 

1889, 440, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 1898, 320. 1901, 112. 

61 Of the board of gas and electric light commissioners, thirty -five Gasandeiec- 

62 hundred copies. 1888,122. 1894,393, §7. i886,346,§2. 

1889, 440, § 7. 1895, 463, § 2. 

63 Of the board of harl)or and land commissioners, two thousand ^arbor and 

64 copies, of which five hundred copies shall be for the use of the jg^'l^^'f}- 

65 board. 1881, 293, §i. p. s. 4, §7. 1889,440, §7. 1894,393, §7. 1890,221. i90i,-469. 1880! 193', § 1. 

66 Of the state board of health, five thousand copies. Health. 

' ^ 1876, 178. 

1878, 264, § 1. 1881, 293, 5 1. 1885, 369. 1894, 393, § 7. 1877, 248, § 1. 

1880, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, §§'7, 10. 1889, 440, § 7. 

67 Of the state highway commission, forty-five hundred copies. Highways. 

1893, 476, § 3. 1894, 393, § 7. Res. 1897, 95. 1901, 263. 

68 Of the commissioners on fisheries and game, two thousand copies, risiieriesand 



1877, 248, § 1. 188(1, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1894, 393, § ' 

1878, 264, § 1. 1881, 293, § 1. 1889, 440, § 7. 



game. 



69 Of the state board of insanity, two thousand copies. insanity. 

1876, 178. 1878, 264, § 1. 1881, 293, § 1. 1889, 440, § 7. 

1877, 248,§ 1. 1880, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 

70 Of the insurance commissioner, on fire and marine insurance, insurance. 

71 twenty-five hundred copies. ]877!248i§i. 

72 Of the insurance commissioner, on life insurance, four thousand issoliglili! 

73 copies, of which one thousand copies shall be for the use of the }Ps'4'^§7^' 

74 commissioner. im'M^mA' 



94 



PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF LAWS AND PUBLIC DOCUIVIENTS. [ChAP. 9. 



1894, 393, § ■ 

1895, 54. 
1900, 3S6. 



Manufactures. 
1886, 174. 

Labor. 
1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 

1878, 264, § 1. 

1880, 193, § 1. 

1881, 293, § 1. 
P. S. 4, § 7. 

1882, 6, § 1. 

1885, 369. 

1886, 174, § 3. 

1888, 28. 

1889, 124; 
440, §7. 

1890, 97. 
1894, 393, § 7. 
ISiOO, 225. 



Library. 
1890, 347, § 2. 
1897, 134. 

Medicine, 
board of reg- 
istration in^ 
1897, 141. 

Nautical train- 
ing school. 
1897, 141. 

Parks, metro- 
politan. 

Pharmacy, 
board of reg- 
istration in. 

Police board, 
Boston. 



—Fall River. 
1894, 351, § 7. 

1897, 141. 

Public records. 
1894, 393, § 7. 

1898, 320. 

Railroad. 

1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 

1878, 264, § 1. 
1880, 193, § 1. 



Savings banks. 
1876, 178. 

1877, 248, § 1. 

1878, 248, § 1. 

1880, 193, § 1. 

1881, 293, § 1. 
P. S. 4, § 7. 
1885, .369. 

1888, 191. 

1889, 440, § 7. 
189(J, vm, § 1. 

1893, 70. 

1894, 393, § 7. 
liKIl, 114, 240. 

Tax commis- 
sioner. 



Water and 
sewerage, met- 
ropolitan . 
board. 



Of the insurance commissioner, on fraternal beneficiary corpora- 
tions, fifteen Imndred copies. 

Of the " Texts and Tables" of the report of the insurance com- 
missioner, five hundred copies. 

Of statistics of manufactures, five thousand copies. 

1889, 440, § 7. 1891, 193. 1894, 393, § 7. 1900, 225. 

Of statistics of labor, six thousand copies. 

The two last named reports may be issued in parts complete in 
themselves, each of which shall contain related or comparable infor- 
mation upon the subjects thereof and shall constitute a part of the 
number allowed. The reports or parts thereof may be electrotyped. 
One thousand copies of the parts shall be bound in pamphlet form 
and distributed by the chief of the bureau. Five hundred copies 
of the part of each of said reports relative to the labor and indus- 
trial clironology may be bound together. The copy of each part 
shall upon the day of publication be transmitted to the general 
court if in session . 

Of the board of free public library commissioners, two thousand 
copies. 

Of the board of registration in medicine, thirty-five hundred 
copies, of which twenty-five hundred copies shall be for the use of 
the board. 

Of the commissioners of the nautical training school, fifteen hun- 
dred copies. 

Of the metropolitan park commission, four thousand copies. 

1893, 407, § 2. 1894, 393, § 7. 1897, 141. 

Of the board of registi'ation in pharmacy, fifteen hundred copies. 

1889, 440, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 

Of the board of police of the city of Boston, fifteen hundred 

copies. 1885, 323, § 1. 1894, 393, § 7. 

Of the board of police of the city of Fall River, fifteen hundred 
copies. 

Of the commissioner of public records, two thousand copies, of 
which five hundred copies shall be for the use of the commissioner. 

Of the board of railroad commissioners, four thousand two hun- 
dred and fifty copies, of which two thousand two hundred and fifty 
copies shall be bound without returns. 

1881, 293, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1889, 440, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 

Of the ])oard of commissioners of savings banks, on savings 
banks, institutions for savings, safe deposit and loan and trust com- 
panies, twenty-eight hundred copies, and one hundred additional 
copies of said report, exclusive of the abstract of annual reports. 

Of the board of commissioners of savings banks, on co-operative 
banks and loan companies, two thousand copies, and one hundred 
additional copies of said report, exclusive of the abstract of annual 
reports. 

Of the tax commissioner, two thousand copies. 

1877, 248, § 1. 1880, VM, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 

1878, 264, § 7. 1881, 293, § 1. 1889, 440, § 7. 1897, 141. 

Of the metropolitan water and sewerage board, forty-five hundred 
copies. 

1891, 292. 1894, 393, § 7. 1895, 488. § 2. 1896, 223. 1897, 141. 1901, 168. 



75 
7») 
77 
78 
79 

80 
81 
82 
83 
84 
85 
86 
87 
88 
89 
90 
91 
92 
93 
94 
95 
96 
97 
98 

99 

100 
101 
102 
103 
104 
105 
106 
107 
108 

109 
110 
111 
112 
113 
114 
115 
116 
117 

118 
119 



Chap. 9.] printing and distribution of laws and public documents. 95 

Reports of Public Institutions. 

120 Of the trustees of the Massachusetts agricultural college, five Agricultural 

121 thousand copies, of which thirty-live hundred copies shall be for the p!s!^4%9. 

122 use of said college. Of that portion of said report referring to the m^lea! 

123 Hatch experiment station, twenty-tive thousand extra copies, of }^9'i^'.|^* 

124 which fifteen thousand shall be bound with the report of the secre- fjg-^ g^g ^^' 

125 tary of the state board of agriculture and of which eight thousand i^y?; ui! 

126 shall be for the use of the trustees. 

127 Of the state dairy bureau, fifteen hundred copies. i897,i4i. StlF^""^'"'' 

128 Of the trustees of the Massachusetts hospital for dipsomaniacs Dipsomaniacs 

-I ^c\ i'1'ij.j-i 1 • and Inebriates, 

129 and mebriates, two thousand copies. 1893,223. 1894,393, §7. hospital for. 

130 Of the trustees of the Massachusetts hospital for epileptics, fifteen Epileptics, 

-loiuii- hospital foi-. 

131 hundred copies. 1894,393, §7. 

132 Of the trustees of the state farm, twenty-five hundred copies. Farm, state. 

1877, 246, § 1. 1880, 193, § 1. 1887, 264. 1894, 393, § 7. ^'^' '^' 

1878, 264, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1889, 440, § 7. 1898, 320. 

133 Of the Massachusetts school for the feeble-minded, fifteen hundred Iff^^^m^^i' 

1 ^4- Pnr>ip<3 l^'^. 248, § 1. 1880, 193, § 1. 1888, 186. 1894, 393, § 7. 1876''^198" ^^' 

yOt copies, igjs, 264, §1. p. S.4, §7. 1889,440, §7. lo-o, xao. 

135 Of the trustees of the state hospital, twenty-five hundred copies. Hospital, 

1876, 178. 1880, 193, § 1. 1884, 166, § 2. 1894, 393, § 7. ^ ^ ^' 

1877, 248, § 1. 1881, 293, § 1. 1885, 369. 1898, 320. • 

1878, 264, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1889, 440, § 7. 

136 Of the trustees of the insane hospitals at Danvers, Northamp- insane hospi- 

137 ton, Taunton, Westborough and Worcester, two thousand copies iW, i78. 

138 each, and of the Medfield insane asylum, fifteen hundred copies. i878,' 264 J i! 

1880, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1885, 369. 1894, 393, § 7. 

1881, 293, § 1. 1884, 166, § 2. 1889, 440, § 7. 1897, 141. 

139 Of the trustees of the state Lyman and industrial schools, two Lyman nn.i 

-, tr^ ,^ 1 • industrial 

140 thousand copies. i876, i78. 1877, 248, § 1. schools. 

1878, 264, § 1. 1881, 293, § 1. 1889, 440, § 7. 1895, 428, § 2. 
1880, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 1897, 141. 

141 Of the trustees of the Massachusetts state sanatorium, twenty- Massachusetts 

-I , ^ r. ^ -t -I ' sauatoriuiii. 

142 five hundred copies. 1900,192. 1901,263. 

143 Of the trustees of the Perkins institution and Massachusetts Perkins in sti- 

144 school for the blind, one thousand two hundred and fifty copies. Massachusetts 

'' ^ school for the 

1877, 248, § 1. 1880, 193, § 1. P. S. 4, § 7. 1889, 440, § 7. blind 

1878, 264, § 1. 1881, 293, § 1. 1885, 369. 1894, 393, § 7. 1876, i78. 

145 Of the board of prison commissioners, two thousand copies ; of niig^one"'" 

146 that portion referring to the state prison, five hundred copies foi' }?^' 9^' t }• 

147 the use of the warden; of that portion referrino; to the Massachu- i88o;it«;§L 

• • 1881 293 § 1. 

148 setts reformatory, five hundred copies for the use of the superin- p.s'.4, §7. ' 

149 tendent ; of that portion referring to the reformatory prison for isM', leg. ^^'' 

1 50 women, five hundred copies for the use of the superintendent ; and Jgy^; ^3; 1 7; 

151 of that portion referring to the agent for aiding discharged convicts, ^^'•^•^' '^^'^• 

152 two hundred and fifty copies for the use of the agent. 

Miscellaneous Beports. 

153 Of cases of contested elections, fifteen hundred copies, of which giectums* 

154 five hundred copies shall be for the use of the general court. r^sisss's^' 

Res. 1885, 60. Res. 1886, 36. 1889, 440, § 7. 1894, 393, § 7. 

155 Of the controller of accounts of county ofiicers, fifteen hundred ^Ji^ntTonicers 

156 copies, of which five hundred copies shall be for the use of the con- jgg^^^gg^c y*- 

157 troller. 1888,275, §2. 1891,292. 1394,393, §7. 

158 Of the chief of the district police, twenty-five hundred copies. Siief of.^'""''*'' 

1877, 248, § 1. P. S. 3, § 11. 1889, 440, § 7. 1897, 141. 

1878, 264, § 1. 1885, 369. 1894, 393, § 7. 1898, 320. 



06 



PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF LAWS AND PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. [ChAP. 9. 



Gas, etc., in- 
spector of. 



Librarian of 
state library. 

1876, ITS. 

1877, 248, § 1. 
All otber re- 
ports. 

1894, 393, § 7. 



(3f the inspector of gas and gas meters, fifteen hundred copies. 

1894, 393, § 7. 

Of the librarian of the state library, fifteen hundred copies. 



159 



160 



1878, 2(!4, 5 1. 


1881, 293, § 1. 


1884, 16(3, § 2. 


1S89, 440, § 7. 


1880, 193, § 1. 


P. S. 4, § 7. 


1885, 369. 


1894, 393, § 7. 



Unless otherwise expressly provided, all the reports of permanent 161 
state officers, boards and commissions shall be included in the public 162 
document series, and fifteen hundred copies of each of said reports 163 
shall be printed. 164 



Distribution of 
public docu- 
ments. 
1857, 40, § 9. 
G. S. 4, § 8. 

1877, 248, Ǥ 2, 4. 

1878, 264, § 2. 

1880, 193, § 2. 

1881, 293, § 2. 
P. S. 4, §§ 8, 10. 
1889, 440, § 8. 
1894, 393, § 8. 



Additional 
copies of cer- 
tain rexJorts. 



Section 8. The secretary of the commonwealth shall furnish 1 

one copy of the series of public documents named in the preced- 2 

ing section to each member of the legislative and executive depart- 3 

ments, to the clerk of each branch of the general court and to the 4 

reporters assigned to seats in either branch. He shall also furnish 5 

one copy to each city and town in the commonwealth, to be pre- 6 

served in a public place therein, and one copy each to such public 7 

and other libraries as he may select. 8 

Ten copies shall be placed in the state library for the use of said 9 

library and for exchange. 10 

Each member of the general court and the clerk of each branch 11 

thereof shall also be entitled to receive twenty-four additional 12 

copies of the report of the secretary of the board of agriculture, 13 

seven additional copies of the report of the board of health, and 14 

of the report of the bureau of statistics of labor ; five additional 15 

copies of the report of the secretary of the board of education, and 16 

of the report of statistics of manufactures. 17 



Printing of 
journals of 
senate and 
house, etc. 
Distribution. 

1877, 248, § 4. 

1878, 264, § 4. 

1880, 193, § 4. 

1881, 293, §§ 3, 4. 
P. S. 4, §§ 9, 10. 

1882, 158. 
1889, 1.50; 440, 
§§ 9, 10. 

1894, 393, §§9, 10. 



Distribution. 



Section 9 . The clerks of the two branches of the general court 1 

shall annually prepare and cause to be printed the following : — 2 

Of the journals of the senate and house of representatives, one 3 

thousand copi&s. 4 

Of the list of members and committees of the general court, twelve 5 

hundred copies. 6 

Of a book containing the rules of the two branches of the general 7 

court, with notes of rulings of the presiding officers, and a list of 8 

members and committees of the general court, in a form convenient 9 

for pocket use, seven hundred copies, of which three hundred and 10 

fifty copies shall be bound in memorandum book form for the use 11 

of members and officers of the general court. 12 

The foregoing publications shall, under the direction of the clerks 13 

of the two branches, be distributed as follows : — One copy to each 14 

member of the executive department, to each member of the general 15 

court, to the clerks and assistant clerks thereof, and to each reporter 16 

to whom is assigned a seat in either branch ; ten copies to the state 17 

library for use therein and for exchange ; and to each free public 18 

library in the commonwealth, one copy of the journals of the senate 19 

and of the house of representatives, to be sent by the secretary of 20 

the commonwealth. 21 

There shall be printed nine hundred copies of the governor's ad- 22 

dress for the use of the general court, and eleven hundred copies in 23 

addition, five hundred copies of which shall be for the personal use 24 

of the sovernor. 25 



Chap. 9.] printing and distribution of laws and public documents. 97 

1 Section 10. The clerks of the two branches shall also annually Manual of the 

2 prepare a manual of the general court, of which thirteen thousand i876, its. 

3 five hundred copies shall lie printed and distributed as follows : — 1878*264 J 3! 

4 To each member of the executive department, to the clerk and il?; 291,^3^'** 

5 assistant clerk of each branch of the general court and to each fsgl'ss^^*^'^"' 

6 reporter to whom is assigned a seat in either branch, one copy ; to i^so, 369, § 3. 

7 each member of the general court, thirty-foiu" copies, and to the i889!3'2! 

8 state lil^rary, ten copies. Three hundred copies shall be reserved i8ki393,'§§9,io. 

9 for the use of the succeeding general court and fifty copies shall be 

10 placed in the state library for the purpose of exchange. The secre- 

1 1 tary of the commonwealth shall send one copy of the manual to each 

12 free public library in the commonwealth, to each city and town clerk 

13 for the use of said city or town, to the justices, clerks and registers 

14 of the judicial courts, the trial justices, registers of deeds, county 

15 commissioners, treasurers and sheriffs of the several counties, med- 

16 ical examiners, associate medical examiners, the trustees and super- 

17 intendents of the several state institutions, each of the officers of the 

18 several state boards and commissions, and to the principals of the 

19 state normal schools. The remaining copies of the manual and of 

20 the lists of members and committees shall be distributed by the 

21 clerks of the two branches, at their discretion, preference being 

22 given to members of the general court and state officers. 

1 Section 11. The secretary of the commonwealth shall furnish befu^nfshed" 

2 to every town the reports of the decisions of the supreme judicial istt^^^oTi^^' 

3 court from time to time, as published, and shall fiu-nish to every f„o?- *'„^ ^'^• 

4 town hereafter incorjiorated a full set of the reports of the decisions 1889^ m, § 12. 

5 of the supreme judicial court, the index-digest thereof, a copy of > > • 

6 the Revised Laws, and copies of all such books and documents in 

7 his office as shall have been previously furnished to towns by the 

8 commonwealth ; but the clerk of such town shall first file with the 

9 secretary a certificate in writing that the town has made suitable 

10 provision for the preservation and convenient use of such books 

11 and documents. 

1 Section 12. A town which has once been furnished with such ^p^i^d.^^*^° 

2 books and documents shall not be again supplied with the same at p^'^^^^fg^" 

3 the expense of the commonwealth. Towns mav effect insurance ifs^. 440, § 13. 

^ . , "^ 0.094, o9o, 8 I2. 

4 thereon for theu' own benefit. 

1 Section 13. The secretary of the commonwealth shall, in the Distribution of 

2 distribution of laws and documents to members of the general court, members of 

3 effect such exchanges among members as they shall direct ; and he couft'!"'^'^^ 

4 is hereby authorized to employ such additional clerical or other ^^^*' ^^^' § ^^• 

5 assistance as may be necessary for the purpose. Copies of the laws 

6 and documents apportioned to members of the general court 

7 wliich remain undisposed of for three months after the expiration 

8 of the terms of office of the members to whom they have been 

9 apportioned, shall revert to the commonwealth and be subject to 
10 general distribution. 

1 Section 14. The secretary of the commonwealth shall supervise supervision of 

2 the state printing, and all publications by the commonwealth shall 1893, 287. 

3 be printed and distributed under his direction unless otherwise i896;248! 



98 



STATE HOUSE AND SERGE ANT- AT- ARMS. 



[Chap. 10. 



provided. The auditor of accounts shall cause all printing done 4 

under the state printing contract to l)e measured, and no bills for 5 

printing shall be allowed unless found to be in strict conformity 6 

with said contract. 7 



Section 15. Postage and express charges on legislative and 



Postage and 
expressage on 
public docix- 

1889, 53. to free public libraries shall be prepaid by the commonwealth 



other documents forwarded to members of the general court and 



1892, 422. 



1895, 93. 



CHAPTEE 10. 

OF THE STATE HOUSE, THE SERGEANT-AT-ARMS AND THE STATE 

LIBRARY. 

Sections 1-22. — The State House and the Sergeant-at-Arms. 
Sections 23-30. — The State Library. 



Sergeant-at- 

arms, choice, 

removal, etc. 

1835, 154. 

R. S. 13, §§ 58, 

64. 

G. S. 14, § 49. 

P. S. 5, § 1. 



THE STATE HOUSE AND THE SERGEANT-AT-ARMS. 

Section 1. The general court, shall annually in January choose 1 

a sergeant-at-arms who shall hold office until he is removed or un- 2 

til another is chosen in his stead. He may be removed by the 3 

general court or, during its recess, may be suspended by the gov- 4 

ernor and council. If a vacancy or suspension occurs during such 5 

recess, the governor and council may appoint a person to perform 6 

the duties of the office until a new election. 7 



Assistant ser- 
geant-at-arms, 
how ap- 
pointed, etc. 
1863, 87, §§ 1, 2. 
P. S. 5, § 2. 



Section 2. In case of the disability or necessary absence of the 1 

sergeant-at-arms, he may appoint, with the approval of the pre- 2 

siding officers of the two branches of the general court or, during 3 

its recess, of the governor, an assistant sergeant-at-arms to per- 4 

form the duties of his office during such divsability or absence. His 5 

compensation shall be paid by the sergeant-at-arms, who shall be 6 

responsible for his fidelity and good conduct in office ; but for mis- 7 

conduct or other sufficient cause, he may l)e removed by the gen- 8 

eral court or, during its recess, by the governor and council. 9 



Bond and 
duties of ser- 
geant-at-arms. 
R. S. 13, §§ 58- 
60. 

G. S. 14, §§ .50, 
51. 

P. S. 5, § 3. 
1895, 284, § 3. 



Section 3. The sergeant-at-arms shall give bond to the treas- 1 

urer and receiver general in the sum of ten thousand dollars, con- 2 

ditioned faithfully to perform his official duties and properly to 3 

account for all money intrusted to him for the use of the common- 4 

wealth. He shall serve such processes and execute such orders as 5 

may be enjoined upon him by the general court or by either branch 6 

thereof, attend the members or clerks of either branch when they are 7 

charged with a message from one branch to the other or to the gover- 8 

nor and council, maintain order among the spectators admitted into 9 

the chambers in which the respective branches hold their sessions, 10 

take proper measures to prevent the interruption of either l)ranch or 11 

of the committees thereof; and shall have the control of, and exer- 12 

cise a strict superintendence over, his subordinate officers, giving 13 

them all needful directions and taking care that they promptly 14 

perform their duties. 15 



Chap. 10.] state house and sergeant- at- arms. 99 

1 Section 4. He shall have general charge and oversight of the care of state 

2 state house and its appurtenances and of any other buildings in r. s. is, § eo. 

3 Boston owned by or leased to the commonwealth for the use of pub- %', ^' ^*' ^^ ''^' 

4 lie officers, and shall see that the chambers and lobbies of the gen- fssf," f^s! §'i. 

5 eral court and its committees are kept clean and in o-ood order : }f^k ^^t' V- 

•Till* • [J. Ol). A. tj. 

6 shall supermtend all ordinary repairs thereof and shall have charge 231.] 

7 of the current expenses for the care and preservation of the state 

8 house and its appurtenances, and for the ordinary repairs of the 

9 furniture and fixtures therein. He shall take proper precautions 

10 against damage thereto, or to the furniture, fixtures or other public 

11 property therein. All repairs, improvements, furniture, fixtures 

12 or other like supplies required in the state house or in any other 

13 building or part thereof owned by or leased to the commonwealth 

14 for the use of public officers shall be made or furnished only Ijy a 

15 requisition upon the sergeant-at-arms, signed l^y the head or chief 

16 clerk of a department and approved by the sergeant-at-arms or, as 

17 to new furniture or fixtures, by the state house commission. 

1 Section 5. He shall, immediately after his election, with the Doorkeepers, 

2 approval of its presiding officer, appoint a doorkeeper for each jjppointnient 

3 branch and such assistant doorkeepers as it may direct, together q- |; |f; 1 5^; 

4 with a postmaster, messengers and pages, who shall, during the p-s. 5,'§5. 

5 session, assist him as required. 

1 Section 6. He shall, annually, with the approval of the secre- cierkand 

2 tary and the treasurer and receiver general, appoint a clerk, who appointment 

3 shall also act as clerk of the state house commission, and three ^Isi, 275 §i 

4 sergeant-at-arms' messengers, whom he may at any time remove fg^i'i-'J^' 

5 and for whose fidelity and good conduct he shall be responsible. 

1 Section 7. The sergeant-at-arms' messengers shall act as docu- Duties of mes- 

2 ment clerks, messengers to the several departments, except that of 188V275, §3. 

3 the secretary of the commonwealth, and shall perform such other ^- ^- ^' § '^• 

4 duties as the sergeant-at-arms may require. 

1 Section 8. The sergeant-at-arms shall take proper care to pre- Prevention of 

2 vent the commission of any trespass on, or injury to, the state house state hmtle^* 

3 or its appurtenances, or any other building in Boston owned by or p.^s'.'f^§r^" 

4 leased to the commonwealth for public offices ; and if any such lif.> i||- ^ 

5 trespass' or injury is committed, he shall cause the offender to be 

6 prosecuted therefor. For any criminal offence committed in any 

7 part of the state house or the grounds appurtenant thereto, or in 

8 any other building in Boston owned by or leased to the common- 

9 wealth, the sergeant-at-arms, his messengers and watchmen shall 

10 have the same power to make arrests as the police officers 6f the 

11 city of Boston. 

1 Section 9. He may appoint a chief engineer, who shall have Engineer, etc., 

2 charge of the heating, lighting and ventilation of the state house, jji^i'^'^^t^^"*^ 

3 and assistant engineers, electricians, firemen, oilers and cleaners, issi; 275," § 5. 

4 a steam fitter and a helper, such as may be necessary in the engi- fgg- • f.{g^ ''• 

5 neer's department; watchmen and assistant watchmen; a stenog- Res' 1895,68. 

6 rapher ; a matron ; a gardener ; an office boy ; and such elevator 

7 men and porters as may be requk-ed for duty at the state house. 



100 



STATE HOUSE AND SERGEANT- AT- ARMS. 



[Chap. 10. 



The sergeant-at-arms shall l)e responsible for the fitness and good 8 
conduct of all the aforesaid officers and may remove them at his 9 
discretion. 10 



Salary of ser- 

geant-at-arms, 

etc. 

R. S. 13, § 65. 

1836, 247. 

1837, 13. 
1843, 9. 

1845, 206. 

1846, 238. 

1853, 119. 

1854, 131, § 1. 



Section 10. The annual salary of the sergeant-at-arms shall 1 

lie thirty-tive hundred dollars ; of his first clerk, twenty-two hun- 2 

dred dollars ; of each of his messengers, eleven hundred dollars ; 3 

of the messenger to the treasurer and receiver general, sixteen 4 

hundred dollars. 5 



1859, 176. 

G. S. 14, § 50. 



1867, 305. 
P. S. 5, § 10. 



1884, 333. 
1887, 128. 



1893, 3.58, 409. 
1895, 284, § 2. 



— of door- 
keepers, etc. 
1858, 2, § 7. 
G. S. 2. § 19. 
1865, 228. 
1872, 7. 
1880, 212, § 1. 
P. S. 2, § 17. 
1882, 257, § 2. 



Section 11. The doorkeepers of the senate and house of rep- 1 

resentatives shall each receive an annual salary of fifteen hundred 2 

dollars. The assistant doorkeepers of the senate and house of rep- 3 

resentatives and the postmaster shall each receive nine hundred 4 

and fifty dollars for the regular annual session of the general court. 5 

1887, 116, § 1. 1895, 193, § 1. 



— of messen- 
gers. 

1858, 2, § 7. 
G. S. 2, § 19. 
1865, 228. 
1872, 7. 
1880, 212, § 1. 



Section 12. Each messenger of the senate and house of repre- 
sentatives shall receive eight hundred and fifty dollars in full for 
all services required of him at the regular annual session of the gen- 
eral court. p. S. 2, § 17. 1882, 257, § 2. 1887, 116, § 2. 1895, 193, § 2. 



— of pages. 
1858, 2, § 7. 
G. S. 2, § 19. 
1865, 228. 
1872, 7. 



Section 13. The compensation of the pages of the senate and 1 

house of representatives shall be five hundred and ten dollars each 2 

for the regular annual session. 3 

1880, 212, § 2. P. S. 2, § 18. 1882, 257, § 3. 1887, 116, § 3. 1895, 193, § 3. 



Compensation Section 14. If any of the pcrsoiis named in the tlu'ce preceding 1 

services. scctioiis not receiviuo; an annual salary are emi^loyed after the reg- 2 

1880 212 §3. , ^ J I •.' ^o 

P. 8.2,1 19." ular annual session, they shall receive for each day's service an 3 

amount not exceeding three dollars. 4 

do™keepCTs, Section 15. The number of doorkeepers, assistant doorkeep- 1 

etc., author- ^yii, messeiigcrs, and pages of the senate and house shall not ex- 2 

1879,' 78, §10. ceed thirty-eight in all. p. s. 2, §27. 1882, 2.57, § 4. 1895,11. 3 



bfdde^r' Section 16. No fee or reward shall be taken by the sergeant- 

R^^l i3^'5 65 at-arms or l)y any person under him for opening the public rooms 

g'. s'. iV, § 61. in the state house for the view and inspection of visitors, 
p. s. 5, § 11. '^ 



state house 
commission. 
Res. ia56, 74. 
1857, 65, §§ 2, 
G. S. 14, § 62. 
P. S. 5, § 12. 
1887, 128. 



Section 17. The secretary of the commonwealth, the treasurer 
and receiver general and the sergeant-at-arms shall constitute a com- 
mission, without compensation, to have charge of the appropriations 
for new furniture and fixtures in the state house and in any other 
building or part thereof owned by or leased to the commonwealth 
for the use of public officers. No expense shall be incurred for 
said purposes unless previously authorized by said commission and 
unless the same is within the amount a])propriated liy the general 
court, except that in case of damage to the state house, by fire or 
other casualty, during the recess of the ereneral court, the commis- 
sioners may make all repairs necessary for the protection and pres- 
ervation of the buildiiiiT. 



1 

2 
3 

1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 



Chap. 10.] state library. 101 

1 Section 18. Said commission may expend not more than fifteen Military 

2 hundred dollars annually for the maintenance of the museum isot.ToT." 

3 established in the state house for the preservation and exhibition 

4 of the regimental flags and other military relics in the possession 

5 of the commonwealth and of other ol)jects connected with the mili- 

6 tary history of the United States and especially of the New England 

7 states. 

1 Sectiox 19. There shall be a joint standing committee on the Joint ptamimg 

2 state house, consisting of three members of the senate and eight of st*ate"houle?" 

3 the house, who shall report to the general court wdiat repairs and Q^'s.f'ii' 

4 improvements upon the state house and the grounds connected r. s.5, §i3. 

5 therewith, and in any other building or part thereof owned by or 

6 leased to the commonwealth for the use of public officers are neces- 

7 . sary, with an estimate of the expense. 

1 Section 20. The land now taken by the commonwealth about ^,^j'^i''^™"°f 

2 the state house shall remain an open space, and no railroad or rail- remain open. 

1 n 1 ^ j^ 1 J. 1 • XI 1894, 532, §6. 

3 way shall be constructed or operated in, upon or over the same. 

4 A grant made to a railroad or railway corporation shall not be con- 

5 strued to include any portion of said land. 

1 Section 21. There shall be set apart a suitably furnished room Rooms for 

2 or rooms in the state house, to be under the charge of the commander fhe reisubuc.'^ 

3 of the grand army of the republic of the department of Massachu- 1^93, 4n, §§1,2. 

4 setts, subject to the provisions of this chapter. Said room or rooms 

5 shall be used by such department for headquarters and for storing 

6 its supplies and property, relics and mementos of the war and for 

7 arranging and preserving the history of persons who served in the 

8 army, navy or marine corps during the war of the rebellion in organ- 

9 izations of this commonwealth, or of citizens of this commonwealth 

10 Avho served in the regular army, navy or marine corps of the United 

11 States, which said department may collect and desire to preserve. 

12 Such histories, relics and mementos shall be accessible at all times, 

13 under suitable regulations, to members of the grand army of the 

14 republic and to persons collecting historical information, and with 

15 such property shall when said department ceases to exist, become 

16 the property of the commonwealth. 

1 Section 22. The governor, with the advice and consent of the Portraitaof 

2 council, may expend, for the purpose of procuring portraits of the emor" ^°^' 

3 governors of the commonwealth wdio shall have held office subse- R^Iilslts!^! 

4 quent to the fourth day of j\Iay in the year nineteen hundred, not 1900,297, §§1,3. 

5 more than one thousand dollars for each such portrait, and such 

6 portrait shall be hung in the state house under the direction of the 

7 state house commission. 



THE state library. 



1 Section 23. There shall be a state lil^rary in the state house state library. 

2 which shall be kept open every day except Sundays and legal holi- uTs. ii^ § 9! 

3 days for the use of the governor, lieutenant governor, council, gen- g.s.5!'§i.^' 

4 eral court and such officers of the government and other persons as ^* *' ^' ^ ^*" 

5 may be permitted to use it. 



102 



STATE LIBRARY. 



[Chap. 10. 



Trustees of 
state library. 
1850, 182, § 1. 
G. S. 5, § -2. 
F. S. 5, § 15. 
1893, SB, § 1. 



Section 24. The library shall be under the management and 1 

control of three trustees, one of whom shall be annually appointed 2 

by the governor with the advice and consent of the council for a 3 

term of three years from the first day of June of the year in which 4 

he is appointed. 5 



Duties of 
trustees. 
1825, 123, § 3. 
B. S. 11, § 11. 
G. 8. 5, § 3. 
1870, 150. 
P. S. 5, § 16. 



Section 25. The trustees shall superintend the lil>rary and may 1 

sell or otherwise dispose of such l^ooks belonging to it as they con- 2 

sider unsuitable for its purposes, and they may deposit any duplicate 3 

volumes for safe keeping and use in any town, city or college library 4 

in the commonwealth, upon such terms and conditions as they shall 5 

prescribe. They may make and enforce rules for the use of the 6 

library, and shall see that its apartments are properly prepared for 7 

the accommodation of persons permitted to use them. 8 



Librarian, ap- 

pointmeut of. 

1825, 123, § 1. 

R. S. 11, §§ 10, 

11. 

1849, 155, § 1. 

1859, 64. 



Section 26. The governor, with the advice and consent of the 1 

council, shall appoint the librarian of the state lil)rary who shall 2 

hold office during their pleasure and shall receive an annual salary 3 

of three thousand dollars. g. s. 5, §4. isee, 298, §5. 4 



p. S. 5, § 17. 



1887, 209. 



1892, 287 



1893, 86, § 2. 



Assistance; in- 
dex of current 
events. 
G. S. 5, § 5. 
Res. 1861, 33. 
Res. 1866, 28. 
Res. 1867, 22. 
Res. 1869, 68. 
Res. 1873, 28. 
P. S. 5, § 18. 
1882, 29. 
1886, 66. 



Section 27. The trustees and liljrarian, at an annual expense 1 

not exceeding forty-three hundred dollars, may employ the assistance 2 

necessary for the accommodation of visitors, for the protection and 3 

care of the library and for any service required by the librarian ; 4 

and at an annual expense not exceeding one thousand dollars, they 5 

may prepare an index of current events and other important matters 6 

contained in the newspapers of the day. i89i, 24. 1892, 140. 1899, 192. 7 



Books belong- 
ing to com- 
monwealtii to 
be placed in 
state liljrary. 
1825, 123, § 1. 
R. S. 11, § 10. 
1849, 155, § 2. 
G. S. 5, § 6. 
P. S. 5, § 19. 



Section 28. All books, maps, documents and other publications 1 

belonging to the commonwealth for pul)lic use, except such as by 2 

order of the respective departments of the government are retained 3 

in the chambers of the senate and the house of representatives or 4 

in the department of the secretary of the commonwealth shall be 5 

deposited and suitably arranged in the library. 6 



Annual appro- 
priation for 
library. 
1825, 123, § 4. 
R. S. 11, § 12. 
G. S. 5, § 7. 
P. S. 5, § 20. 
1882, 196. 
1888, 24. 
1897, 114. 



Section 29. There shall 1)6 annually appropriated six thousand 1 

five hundred dollars for the library, which may be expended under 2 

the direction of the trustees and librarian in procuring such books, 3 

maps, charts and other works, as they consider useful, in binding 4 

and keeping in good condition the works in said library and in 5 

purchasing furniture and other conveniences therefor. 6 



Annual report 
of librarian. 
1849, 155, § 3. 
G. S. 5, § 8. 
P. S. 5, § 21. 



Section 30. The librarian shall annually report to the general 1 

court the receipts and expenditures on account of the library, with 2 

a list of books, maps and charts, lost, missing or acquired during 3 

the preceding year, specifying those ol)tained by exchange, gift or 4 

purchase ; and make suggestions for the improvement of the library. 5 



TITLE II. 

CHAPTEK 11. 

OF ELECTIONS. 

Sections 1-11. — General Provisious. 

Sections 12-14. — Qualifications of Voters. 

Sections 15-23. — Assessment of Poll Taxes and Lists of Persons Assessed. 

Sections 24-34. — Registrars of Voters. 

Sections 35-59. — Registration of Voters. 

Sections 60-68. — Voting Lists. 

Sections 69-79. — Registration of Voters and Voting Lists in Boston. 

Sections 80-84. — Political Committees. 

Sections 85-94 Provisions Applying to All Caucuses of Political Parties. 

Sections 95-98. — Provisions Applying to Cavicuses of Political Parties ex- 
cept in Boston and in Certain Cities and Towns. 

Sections 99-131. — Provisions Applying to Caucuses of- Political Parties in 
Boston and Certain Cities and Towns. 

Sections 132-135. — Provisions Applying to Caucuses other than those of 
Political Parties. 

Sections 136-155. — Nomination of Candidates. 

Sections 156-160. — State Ballot Law Commission. 

Sections 161-170. — Wards and Voting Precincts. 

Sections 171-185. — Election Officers. 

Sections 186,187. — Voting Places. 

Sections 188-194. — Election Apparatus and Blanks. 

Sections 195-202. — Preparation and Form of Ballots. 

Sections 203-207. — Information to Voters. 

Sections 208-210. — Delivery of Ballots, etc. 

Sections 211-213. — Calling of Elections. 

Sections 214-224. — Conduct of Elections. 

Sections 225-235. — Manner of Voting. 

Sections 236-241. — Counting of Votes. 

Sections 242-265. — Records and Certificates of Election. 

Sections 266-269. — Recounts of Votes. 

Sections 270-273. — Voting Machines and Apparatus. — — 

Sections 274-282. — Proceedings in Cases of Failure to Elect, and A^acancies 
in State Oflices. 

Sections 283,284. — Proceedings of Presidential Electors. 

Sections 285-306. — Corrupt Practices. 

Sections 307-313. — Inquests in Election Cases. 

Sections 314-326. — Officers to be Elected at State Elections. 

Sections 327-333. — Provisions Applicable to Town Meetings, 

Sections 334-354. — Election of Town Officers. 

Sections 355-363. — Proceedings in Cases of Failure to Elect, and Vacancies 
in Town Offices. 
[103] 



X04 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

Sections B64, 365. — Town Elections at Which Official Ballots are Used. 

Sections 300-380. — Penalties Upon Officers. 

Sections 381-386. — Penalties Upon Voters. 

Sections 387-421. — General Penalties. 

Section -422. — Congressional Districts. 

Section 423. — Councillor Districts. 

Section 424. — Senatorial Districts. 

Sections 425, 426. — Apportionment of Representatives. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

Terms cieflned. SECTION 1. Temis iised ill tliis chapter and in statutes relative 1 

i8S9Ui3,' § 1." 4.0 elections shall be construed as follows, unless other meaning is 2 

1892! -m, § 1- clearly ai)parent from the language or context, or unless such con- 3 

ilthfw, §§ 2, struction is inconsistent with the manifest intent of the legislature : 4 

1894, .504, § 1. " Assessors" shall mean the assessors of taxes of a city or town. 5 

isf §^^'507' ' ' Caucus " shall apply to any public meeting of the voters of a 6 

§1-1 ^^^ ^ ward of a city, or of a town, or of a representative district held 7 

1898! 548! § 1! under the provisions of this chapter for the nomination of a candi- 8 

date for election, for the election of a political committee or of 9 

delegates to a political convention. 10 

"Caucus officers" shall apply to chairmen, wardens, secretaries, 11 

clerks and inspectors, and, when on duty, to additional officers 12 

specially elected, or elected to till a vacancy, and taking part in the 13 

conduct of caucuses. 14 

" City election" shall apply to any election held in a city for the 15 

choice of a city officer by the voters whether for a full term or for 16 

the filling of a vacancy. 17 

' ' City officer " shall apply to any person to be chosen by the voters 18 

at a city election. 19 

' ' Election " shall apply to the taking of a vote upon a proposed 20 

amendment to the constitution; upon the question of granting 21 

licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors; and upon any other 22 

question by law submitted to the voters. 23 

" Election officer" shall apply to wardens, clerks, inspectors and 24 

ballot clerks, and to their deputies when on duty, and also to select- 25 

men, town clerks, moderators and tellers when taking part in the 26 

conduct of elections. 27 

" Elective office " shall apply to any office to be filled by the voters 28 

at any state, city or town election. 29 

"Official ballot" shall mean a l)allot prepared for any election 30 

or caucus l)y public authority and at public expense. 31 

" Political committee" shall apply only to a committee elected in 32 

pursuance of this chapter. 33 

"Political convention" shall apply only to a convention called 34 

and held in pursuance of this chapter. 35 

" Politic;al party" shall ai)})ly to a party which at the preceding 36 

annual state election polled for governor at least three per cent of 37 

the entire vote cast in the commonwealth for that office. 38 

" Polling place " shall apply to a room or place provided ])y a city 39 

or town for an election or caucus. 40 

" Presiding officer " shall apply to the warden or chairman at a 41 

caucus, to the warden, chairman of the selectmen, moderator or 42 

town clerk in charge of a polling place at an election, or to a justice 43 

of the peace acting as moderator at a town meeting ; or, in the 44 



Chap. 11.] elections. 105 

45 absence of any such officer, to the deputy warden or the clerk or 

46 senior inspector or senior selectman present who shall have charge 

47 of a polling place. 

48 " Registrars "' shall mean the board of registrars of voters of a city 

49 or town or the l)oard of election commissioners of the city of Bos- 

50 ton, when applicable. 

51 " State election " shall apply to any election held for the choice of 

52 a national, state, district or county officer by the voters, whether for 

53 a full term or for the filling of a vacancy. 

54 " State officer" shall apply to any person to be chosen at a state 

55 election. 

56 " Town election" shall apply to any meeting held for the election 

57 of town officers by the voters, whether for a full term or for the 

58 filling of a vacancy. 

59 "Town elections or meetings at which official ballots are used" 

60 shall be construed to mean town elections or meetings in towns to 

61 which section three hundred and sixty-four applies. 

62 " Town officer" shall apply to any person to be chosen at a town 

63 meeting. 

64 " Two leading political parties" shall apply to the political parties 

65 which cast the highest and next highest number of votes for governor 
QQ at the preceding annual state election. 

67 " Voter" shall mean a registered male voter. 

1 Section 2. In all elections of civil officers by the people, the Results of eiec- 

2 person receiving the highest number of votes for an office shall l^e deteiniinefi. 

3 deemed and declared to be elected to such office ; and if two or more art'i". ' *^'^"'' ' 

4 persons are to be elected to the same office, the several persons, to H"^] \%[ 

5 the number to be chosen to such office, receiving the highest num- p.l.^Jas; 

6 ber of votes, shall be deemed and declared to be elected ; but per- Jggg'^jy'ff- 

7 sons receivino; the same number of votes shall not be deemed to i898i548i§2. 

8 be elected if thereby a greater number would be elected than are by 

9 law to be chosen. 

1 Section 3. All elections in cities which by charter or statute Elections in 

2 are to be held on a Monday, shall be held on the Tuesday next onTue*sdays. 

3 succeeding such Monday. i89o, 42a, § 142. is93, 417, §4. 1898,548, §3. p.'s'.7',^§67^^' 

1 Section 4. In computing the period of time prescribed in any Time, how 

2 statute relating to elections, Sundays and holidays shall generally eiectioViaws. 

3 be included ; Ijut when the last day of such period falls on a Sunday \l^\ u^K]^"^' 

4 or on a holiday the succeeding day shall be considered the final day J|g| ^^| | ^; 

5 of such period ; and when the first day of such period falls on a 

6 Sunday or on a holiday, the day preceding shall be considered the 

7 first day of the period . 

1 Section 5. No person entitled to vote at a state election shall, ai^owe^for 

2 upon the day of any such election, be employed in any manufactur- ^5'^',°lg^* ®"^- 

3 ins:, mechanical or mercantile establishment, except such as may i^^j'2<2, §1. 

4 laA\^ully conduct its busmess on Sunda}^ during the period ot two 1893, 417, § 7. 

5 hours after the opening of the polls in the voting precinct or town isqs, m, § 5. 

6 in which he is entitled to vote, if he shall make application for 

7 leave of absence during such period. 



106 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Sale of intox- 
icatinu; liquors. 

1885, 216. 
1881), 186, 361. 
189S, 417, § 9. 
1898, oiS, § 6. 



Section fi. No common victualler having a license of the first, 
second or third class for the sale of intoxicating liquors and no per- 
son, other than a wholesale druggist, having a license therefor of 
the fourth or fifth class shall sell, give away or deliver on the 
licensed premises any such liquors on the day on which a state, 
city or annual town election is held in the city or town in which 
such premises are situated ; and no innkeeper having a license for 
the sale of intoxicating liquors shall, on the day of any such elec- 
tion, sell, give away or deliver in his inn any such liquors to other 
than guests duly registered therein ; but the provisions of this sec- 
tion shall not apply, in case of an election held in a city on a day 
other than that of the annual city election therein, to Avarcls in which 
no election is held. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 



Posting 
notices, etc. 

1892, 351, § 37. 

1893, 417, § 8. 
1898, 548, § 7. 



Section 7. All lists, notices and copies of laws relating to 1 

elections, required by law to be posted, shall be posted at the places 2 

in which the voting lists are required by law to be posted, or as 3 

near as may be thereto. 4 



Election coni- SECTION 8. All the powci's and duties relating to caucuses or 

niissiouers in . , .^ , . , , , ® i i i 

Boston, powers elcctions by law vested in and imposed upon the maj^or and alder- 
im!^mfl'4. men or either of them, the city clerk or the board of registrars of 
1898, 048, §9. yQ^g^.g ij^ cities, excepting the power and duty of giving notice of 
elections, and fixing the days and hours of holding the same, shall, 
in the city of Boston, be vested in and performed by the board 
of election commissioners of said city, who shall be subject to all 
penalties prescribed for failure to perform the said duties. 



Municipal 
regulations. 
18S4, 299, § 18. 
1890, 423, ? 94. 
1893, 417, §§ 126, 
155, 205. 
1898, 548, § 8. 



Section 9. The board of aldermen of a city or the selectmen 
of a town may make regulations not inconsistent with the provi- 
sions of this chapter relative to the use of ballot boxes and seals, 
counting and other apparatus, the receiving of ballots and the 
countino- and returnino: of votes. 



Registration, 
etc., to be 
deemed regu- 
lar in criminal 
prosecutions. 
1890, 393, § 2. 
1893, 417, § 11. 
1898, 548, § 10. 



Caucus, etc., 
to be deemed 
regular in 
criminal prose- 
cutions. 
1890, .393, § 1. 
1893, 417, § 10. 
1898, 548, § 11. 



Section 10. If, in a criminal prosecution for the violation of any 1 

law relating to the assessment, qualification or registration of voters, 2 

or to voting lists or ballots or matters pertaining thereto, the defend- 3 

ant relies upon the invalidity, informality or irregularity of such 4 

assessment, qualification or registration, or of such voting lists or 5 

])allots, or matters pertaining thereto, he shall prove such invalidity, 6 

irregularity or informality ; and until such proof, the presumption 7 

shall be that such assessment, qualification or registration, or such 8 

voting lists or ballots or matters pertaining thereto, are valid, 9 

formal and regular, and in accordance with law ; but the validity, 10 

regularity or formality of such assessment, qualification or registra- 11 

tion of voters, or of such voting lists or ballots, or matters per- 12 

taining thereto, may also be proved in any other legal manner. 13 

Section 11. If, in a criminal prosecution for the violation of any 1 

law relating to caucuses or elections or matters pertaining thereto, 2 

the defendant relies upon the invalidity, irregularity or informality 3 

of any caucus or election, or upon the failure or neglect of any 4 

ofiicer or person to do any act in relation to any caucus or election 5 

or matters pertaining thereto, he shall prove such invalidity, irregu- 6 



Chap. 11.] electioxs. 107 

7 larity, informality, failure or neglect ; and until such proof, the 

8 presumption shall be that such caucus or election or matters per- 

9 taining thereto were valid, regular and formal and that such officer 

10 or person acted as prescribed by law. The testimony of the clerk 

11 of the city or town, wherein it is alleged that such election was 

12 held, or of the presiding officer, secretary or clerk of such caucus, 

13 that such election or caucus was actually held, shall be prima facie 

14 evidence that the same was regularly and duly held ; but the validity, 

15 regularity or formality of such caucus or election or matters per- 

16 taining thereto may also be proved in any other legal manner. 



QUALIFICATIONS OF VOTERS. 

1 Section 12. Every male citizen of twenty-one years of age or Qualifications 

2 upwards, not being a pauper or person under guardianship, who is Amend, consul 

3 able to read the constitution of the commonwealth in the English ^^%^,'io,'i^M. 

4 language and to write his name, and who has resided within the com- HH' ^(,| Vj 

5 monwealth one year and within the city or town in which he claims S|"|'|V 

6 a right to vote, six calendar months last preceding a state, city or i874,'376, §'i. 

7 town election, may have his name entered upon the list of voters 27, §'52. 

8 in such city or town, and shall have the right to vote therein in im] 249I 

9 any such election or in any meeting held for the transaction of town Hf/ *'^^' ^^ ^' 

10 affairs upon complying with the requirements hereinafter set forth; isas'fiy'ffs 

11 and, except as above provided, no male person shall have his name {i^lv^l^^'glg^' 

12 entered upon the list of voters or have the right to vote, except s Met. 162, 2'98, 

13 that no person who is prevented from reading or writing as afore- 7 Gray, 299. 

14 said by a physical disability, or Avho had the right to vote on the 

15 first day of May in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, shall, 

16 if otherwise qualified, be deprived of the right to vote by reason 

17 of not being able so to read or write ; and no person who, having — sowier, etc., 

18 served in the army or navy of the United States in the time of no*t dlsquail ' 

19 war, has been honorably discharged from such service, if other- Amend, const., 

20 wise qualified to vote, shall be disqualified therefor on account of 1890,' lls.^l's. 

2 1 receiving or having received aid from any city or town ; and further, ^^'''^' ^°^' § ^• 

22 no person, otherwise qualified to vote for national or state officers 

23 shall, bv reason of a chano-e of residence Avithin the commonwealth, — cjiangeof 

1 T "^ !• • 1 /^ • f 1 rv» • 1 • residence. 

24 be disqualified from voting for such officers in the city or town Amend, const., 

25 from which he has removed his residence until the expiration of six isoi, 286, §1. 
2Q calendar months from the time of such removal. ^'^"' '^ '^ " 

1 Section 13. Every female citizen having the qualifications of 7oteri!Ttc.^ 

2 a male voter required by the preceding section may have her name p^g' e^^sP" 

3 entered upon the list of voters for school committee, and shall have 1?^. 298, §4. 

4 the rio-ht to vote for members of the school committee upon com- 1892; 351^ § 3! 

5 plying with the requirements hereinafter set foi-tli. i898, 548, § 14. ' '* " 

1 Section 14. A person qualified to vote in a city or town divided ^ftion and^'^" 

2 into wards or votino- precincts shall l)e registered and be entitled to y'l^j"?;-. .^ , „ 

01 o . 1 1 1 ^ 18(6, 22o, §§ 4, 6. 

3 vote m the ward or voting in'ecinct in which he resided on the first p. s. 6, §§ 20, 21. 

. . . . 1884 298 §§ 29 

4 day of May preceding the election, or, if he l^ecame an inhabitant 31. ' ' ' 

5 of such city or town after such first day of May, in the ward or i89o!423;§4! 

6 voting precinct in which he first became a resident. isgli 417; 1 15. 

1898, 548, § 15. [1 Op. A. G. 69.] 



108 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Lists of per- 
sons liable to 
a poll tax. 

1885, 271, § 1. 

1886, 68, § 1; 
•264, § 3. 

1889, 196. 

1890, 423, § 11. 

1892, 3.il, § 7. 

1893, 417, § 16. 
18i>4, 268, § 1. 

1898, 548, § 16. 

1899, 361, § 1. 



Cori'ection of 
lists. Preser- 
vation of 
papers. 
1882, 247. 
1884, 298, §§ 26, 
34. 
1889, 404, § 1. 

1892, 351, § 7. 

1893, 417, § 16. 



ASSESSMENT OF POLL TAXES AND LISTS OE PERSONS ASSESSED. 

Section 15. The assessors, assistant assessors, or one or more 1 

of them, shall annually, in May or June, visit every building- in 2 

their respective cities and towns and, after diligent inquiry, shall 3 

make true lists containing, as nearly as they can ascertain, the 4 

name, age, occupation and residence, on the first day of May in the 5 

current year, and the residence on the first day of jSIay in the pre- (i 

ceding year, of every male person twenty years of age or upwards, 7 

residing in their respective cities and towns, lialile to be assessed 8 

for a poll tax ; and shall inquire at the residences of the women 9 

voters whose names are contained in the list transmitted to them 10 

by the registrars under the provisions of section forty-four whether 11 

such women voters are resident thereat, and shall thereupon make 12 

true lists of the women voters found by them. 13 

In Boston the assessors shall, themselves or by the assistant 14 

assessors, in making the lists of male persons liable to be assessed 15 

for a poll tax and of the women voters proceed as follows : — two 1(> 

assessors or two assistant assessors, not being of the same political 17 

party, shall together visit every building and verify each other's 18 

work upon the spot, and the names of the male persons liable to be 19 

assessed and of the women voters shall be written down at every 20 

building upon the spot in the books furnished by the assessors, 21 

before the next building is visited. 22 

The assessors shall, upon the personal application of an assessed 23 

person for the correction of any error in their original lists, and 24 

whenever informed of any such error, make due investigation, and, 25 

upon proof thereof, correct the same on their books. They shall 26 

cause all applications, certificates and affidavits received by them 27 

under this section to be preserved for two years. is94, 268, § i. 28 



Assessors to 
furnish regis- 
trars and col- 
lectors lists, 
etc. 

1885, 271, § 1. 

1886, 68, § 1. 

1889, 196. 

1890, 423, § 11. 

1892, 351, § 8. 

1893, 417, § 17. 

1894, 268, § 2. 
1898, 548, § 17. 



Section 16. The assessors shall from time to time, ancl before 1 

the fifteenth day of July in each year, transmit to the registrars of 2 

voters the lists made as provided in the preceding section, or certi- 3 

fied copies thereof, and shall promptly transmit to the registrars 4 

and to the collector of taxes notice of every addition to and cor- 5 

rection in the lists made l)y them. Every assessor, assistant assessor 6 

and collector of taxes shall furnish all information in his possession 7 

necessary to aid the registrars in the performance of their duties. 8 



street lists of 
assessed polls. 
1884, 298, § 19. 
1888, 206. 

1890, .305; 423, 
§§ 25, 26. 

1891, 277. 

1892, 351, § 9. 

1893, 417, § 18. 
1898, 548, § 18. 



Section 17. The assessors of cities shall, on or before the fif- 1 

teenth day of July in each year, and the assessors of towns having 2 

over five thousand inhabitants according to the latest census, state 3 

or national, shall, on or before the first day of August in each year, 4 

prepare street lists containing the names of all persons assessed by 5 

them for poll taxes for the current year. Such lists for cities and 6 

for towns divided into voting precincts shall be arranged by voting 7 

precincts. They shall print such lists in pamphlet form, shall de- 8 

liver to the registrars as many copies thereof as they may require, 9 

and shall hold the remaining copies for ])ul)Hc distribution. In all 10 

other towns they shall, on or before the first day of August in each 11 

year, cause lists of all persons assessed therein for poll taxes to be 12 

prepared and conspicuously posted in two or more public places in 13 

every such town. 14 



Chap. 11.] elections. 109 

1 Section 18. The assessors shall name or designate in such street fo^ntemsof 

2 lists all buildings used as residences, in their order on the street street lists. 

o ' 1884 298 S 19, 

3 where they are located, by giving the number or other definite i89o; 423^ § 25! 

4 description of each building so that it can be readily identified, and 1892; 351,' § 10. 

5 shall place opposite to or under each number or other description of ml] m, 1 19! 

6 a building the name, age and occupation of every person residing 

7 therein on the first day of May of the current year and assessed 

8 for a poll tax, and his residence on the first day of May of the pre- 

9 ceding year. 

1 Section 19. If a male person resident in a city or town on Assessment of 

2 the first day of May was not assessed for a poll tax, he shall, in estate'^after 

3 order to establish his rio-ht to assessment, i:)resent to the assessors a ?l?7o:.^ .„ 
"4 statement under oath that he was on said day a resident of such \^'y 'f'' | ^• 

5 city or town and liable to pay a poll tax therein, and a list under i884,"298, §'ii. 

6 oath of his polls and estate and shall also produce before the im, m, § 14. 

7 assessors two witnesses, who shall testifj^, under oath, that they are ,^^^3'*^'' S^'-^"' 

8 voters of the ward or town in which such person desires to be regis- HH] ll]\l *; 2. 

9 tered and that the statement of the applicant is true. i898, 548, § 20. 

10 A male person who becomes a resident of a city or town after the 

11 first day of iNlay and desires to be registered as a voter shall pre- 

12 sent to the assessors a statement under oath that he has been a 

13 resident of such city or town for six months immediately preceding 

14 the election at which he claims the right to vote, and shall produce 

15 before the assessors two witnesses, who shall testify under oath that 

16 they are voters of the Avard or town in which such person desires to 

17 l)e registered and that the statement of the applicant is true. 

18 If the assessors are satisfied that such statements are true, they 

19 shall, in the first case, assess such applicant for his polls and es- 

20 tate and give him a certificate of assessment, and in the second, 

21 give him a certificate that he has been a resident in such city or 

22 town the six months preceding such election ; but in Boston no 

23 person shall l)e assessed as above provided later than the first day 

24 of October. 

1 Section 20. The assessors shall enter the name and residence Eecordstobe 

2 of each person thus assessed or certified in a book provided for i894%7i, § 4. 

3 that purpose, and opposite to each name, the names, occupations |898,' 548,^/-2i. 

4 and residences of the persons who have testified as alcove provided, I'^ss. sei, § 2. 

5 and shall cause to be printed in some newspaper published in Bos- 
G ton the name and residence of each person thus assessed or certified, 

7 with the names and residences of the two witnesses who have tes- 

8 tified for such person. The names and residences of such persons 

9 and witnesses shall be printed, as above provided, within two days 

10 after the nimiber of names of persons thus assessed or certified, not 

11 printed, reaches fifty, and on the day when such number is reached, 

1 2 the names to be printed within such two days shall include the names 

13 of all such persons and witnesses up to the close of business in the 

14 office of the assessors on such day. The names and residences 

15 of the persons thus assessed or certified shall be printed in Roman 
1() type, and immediatelj^ following each of such names shall be printed 

17 in italic type the names and residences of the two witnesses who 

18 have testified for such person. The names of such persons and 

19 witnesses shall be arranged and printed by wards and precincts. 



110 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Copies of laws 
to be posted. 



Sessions of 
assessors. 

1894, -271, § 4. 

1895, 61, § 4. 
1898, 548, § -22. 



In every place where voters are registered, the registrars, and in 
every place where oaths are administered as required by this chapter, 
the assessors, shall post in a conspicuous place a copy of sections 
three hundred and eighty-nine and three hundred and ninety, 
printed on white paper with Ijlack ink, in type not less than one- 
quarter of an inch wide. 

Section 21. The assessors shall hold such day and such even- 
ing sessions as shall be necessary to carry out the provisions of the 
two preceding sections. 

cerfcun assess- SECTION 22. All asscssmeuts made in accordance with section 
to general pro- nineteen shall be subject to the provisions of section seventy-four of 
1890° 4-23, § 14. chapter twelve, and shall be entered in the tax list of the collector 
isi; 417 J 'i; of taxes and be collected by him according to law. isos, 548, § 23. 

Section 23. The city or town clerk or registrar of deaths in 
each city or town shall, on the tirst day of every month, and also 
two days before every election, transmit to the registrars of voters 
a list of the names of all residents of such city or town of twenty- 
one years of age or upwards who died in the preceding month or 
since the date of the list previously transmitted, with a statement 
of the ward, street and number therein, if any, where such person 
resided at his death. The prison commissioners of Massachu- 
setts, the penal institutions commissioner of Boston, the pauper 
institutions trustees of Boston, and the insane hospital trustees of 
Boston shall, ten days before every state election in Boston, trans- 
mit to the election commissioners of Boston the names of all male 
persons of twenty-one years of age or upwards who had a last known 
residence in Boston, and also ten days before every city election in 
that citv, the names of all male and female persons of said age or 
upwards who had such residence and who, at said respective dates, 
are inmates of the institutions under their charge, respectively, ex- 
cept those whose terms of confinement expire before the date of 
such election. Such commissioners and trustees shall make diligent 
inquiry as to the age and residence of inmates of such institutions, 
and shall, in the case of those coming within the provisions of this 
section, transmit to the election commissioners the names and ages 
of such persons and their residences by street and number, wherever 
it is possible to do so. The election commissioners shall thereupon 
make a memorandum in red ink o[)})osite the names of such of said 
persons as appear upon the voting lists, stating the institutions in 
which such persons are then confined, and copies of the voting lists 
containing such memoranda shall forthwith be sent by them to the 
election officers. 



Names of 
decedents, etc., 
to be sent to 
registrars. 
1884, 298, § 30. 
1886, 264, § 4. 
18S9, 404, § 5. 
1890, 4-23, § 39. 

1892, 351, § 39. 

1893, 417, § 23. 
1898, 548, § 24. 

1900, 241. 

1901, 441. 



Board of 
registrars of 
voters in cer- 
tain cities, ap- 
pointment. 
1881, 210, § 1. 

P. s. 6, § n. 

1884, 298, § 14. 

1889, 69, §§ 1, 2. 

1890, 423, § 19. 
1893, 417, ^ 24. 
1898, 548, § 25. 



registears of voters. 

Section 24. In every city which, by vote of the city council, 
approved by the mayor, accepts the provisions of this section, or 
which has accepted the corresponding provisions of earlier laws, 
or wliich is now sul)ject to similar provisions of law, there shall be 
a board of registrars of voters consisting of four persons who shall 
be appointed ))y the mayor with the approval of the l)oard of alder- 
men. "When a.l)oard of registrars is first appointed after the ac- 
ceptance of the provisions aforesaid, two registrars shall be appointed 



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Chap. 11.] elections. Ill 

9 in March or April next succeeding such acceptance for terms re- 

10 spectively of three and four years, beginning with the first day of 

11 May next ensuing. The city clerk of such city shall cease to be 

12 a member of the board of registrars on such first day of May, but 

13 the remaining two members of the existing board of registrars of 

14 such city whose terms do not then expire shall continue to hold 

15 office for their respective terms of one and two years. In every 

16 year succeeding such first appointments, the mayor shall, in March 

17 or April, subject to the approval of the board of aldermen, appoint 

18 one person to be a registrar of voters for the term of four years, 

19 beginning with the first day of May next ensuing. The board of 

20 registrars so constituted shall annually in May before transacting 

21 any other business, elect one of its members as clerk, who shall per- 

22 form all the duties required by law of a city clerk when acting as 

23 clerk of the board of registrars. 

1 Section 25. In every city, except Boston and any other city Registrars in 

CGVttUn CltltiS 

2 to which the provisions of the preceding section apply, and in and towns, 

3 every town having three hundred voters, as provided in the fol- term'of office. 

4 lowing section, there shall be a board of registrars of voters con- p.^s.mii!' 

5 sisting of the city or town clerk and three other persons who Jsooi 423^ § is! 

6 shall, in a city, be appointed by the mayor, with the approval of the Jgss' Ss' § 26* 

7 aldermen, and, in a town, by a writing signed by the selectmen and 

8 filed with the town clerk. When a board of registrars is first ap- 

9 pointed, the registrars shall be appointed in March or April for 

10 terms respectively of one, two and three years, beginning with the 

11 first day of May next ensuing. In March or April in every year 

12 succeeding the original appointment, one registrar shall be appointed 

13 for the term of three years, beginning with the first day of May 

14 next ensuing. 

1 Section 26. In every town having less than three hundred townl™"^^ 

2 voters registered therein for the annual state election, the select- jlgo' H; 1 59; 

3 men and the town clerk shall constitute a board of registrars of JStll'toZ* 

4 voters ; l)ut when three hundred voters shall be so registered, a 

5 board of registrars shall, in the succeeding year, be appointed, as 

6 provided in the preceding section, and shall continue to perform 

7 the duties of registration therein until, for three successive years, 

8 the number of voters shall be less than three hundred, whereupon, 

9 on the first day of May following the annual state election in 

10 such third year, such board shall cease to exist and thereafter 

11 the selectmen and town clerk shall constitute a board of registrars 

12 of voters. 

1 Section 27. In the original and in each succeeding appointment "1°^"^^^^^®^' 

. 2 and in the filling of vacancies, registrars of voters shall be so ap- issi, 210 §^i. 

3 pointed that the memloers of the board shall, as equally as may be, iss4,'298, §14. 

4 represent the two leading political parties at the preceding state i89o; 423, § is. 

5 election, and in no case shall an appointment be so made as to 1893U17J §§ 2s, 

6 cause a board to consist of more than two members who, including fggg, 548, § 28. 

7 the city or town clerk, are of the same political party. 171 Mass. iss. 

1 Section 28. If, upon written complaint to the mayor or to the -balance of 

~ JT 1 »/ "political pjir- 

2 selectmen, it shall appear, after notice and hearing, that the city or tiestobepre- 

3 town clerk, when a member of the board of registrars, and two reg- 1887,^432, 



112 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



1890, 423, § 21. 
1893, 417, § 29. 
1898, 548, § 29. 
171 Mass. 138. 



Registrars, 
temporary 
vacancies. 
188.1, 24(5. 
1890, 423, § 20. 
1893, 417, § 31. 
1898, 548, § 30. 



— oatli ; 
powers and 
auties, com- 
pensation, etc. 
1881, 210, §§ 2, 
3,6. 

P. S. 6, § 12. 
1884, 298, § 15. 
1890, 423, §§ 18, 
22. 

1893, 417, § 32. 
1898, 548, § 31. 



— tenure of 
office. 

1884, 298, § 14. 
1890, 423, § 19. 
1893, 417. § 24. 



Assistant 
registrars in 
cities. 

1893, 417, § 33. 
1898, 548, § 33. 



— sessions, 

regulations, 

etc. 

1874,60, S§ 7, 
issi), 8S7, §§ 2, 
ls;t.{, 417, i? 34 
1898, 548, § 34 



istrars are of the same political party, the mayor or selectmen, as 
the case may ])e, shall remove from office the one of such two reg- 
istrars having the shorter term. If, upon like proceedings, it shall 
appear, after notice and hearing, that a registrar of voters, other 
than the city or town clerk, has ceased to act with the political 
party which he was appointed to represent, the mayor or select- 
men, as the case may Ije, shall remove him from office. 

Section 29. If a member of the board of registrars shall be 
disabled l)y illness or other cause from performing the duties of his 
office, or shall, at the time of any meeting of said board, be absent 
from the city or town, the mayor or the selectmen may, upon the 
request in writing of a majority of the remaining meml)ers of the 
board, appoint in writing some person to till such temporary va- 
cancy, who shall be of the same political })arty as the member 
wdiose position he is appointed to fill. Such temporary registrar 
shall perform the duties and be sulvject to the requirements and 
penalties provided liy law for a registrar of voters. 

Section 30. The registrars and assistant registrars hereinafter 
provided for shall, Ijefore entering upon their official duties, each 
take and sul^scrilie an oath faithfully to perform the same. They 
shall receive such compensation for their services as the city council 
or selectmen may determine ; ])ut such compensation shall not be 
regulated l)y the num])er of names registered l)y them, and a re- 
duction of compensation shall apply only to registrars appointed 
thereafter. The city council or selectmen shall provide office room 
for the registrars, and such aid as they may need. The city or 
town clerk, when a meml^er of a board of registrars, shall act as 
clerk thereof, shall keep a full and accurate record of its proceed- 
ings and shall cause such notices as the registrars may require to 
be properly served or posted. 

Section 31. Each registrar shall, unless sooner removed, hold 
his office for the term for which he is appointed and until his suc- 
cessor is appointed and qualified. i898, 548, § 32. 

Section 32. A city council, except in the city of Boston, may 
authorize the registrars to appoint assistant registrars for the term 
of one year, l)eginning with the first day of October, unless sooner 
removed ]:)y the registrars, and they shall, as nearly as may be, 
equally represent the difierent political parties. 

Section 33. The registrars in a city authorizing the appoint- 
ment of assistant registrars may cause the duties devolving iq:)on a 
single registrar to l)e performed l)y one or two assistant registrars, 
and they may designate two assistant registrars, so far as practicable 
of different political parties, for the sessions required by law to be 
held outside of their principal office. The registrars shall make 
suital)le regulations for the government of the assistant registrars, 
whose doings shall l)e suliject to their revision and acceptance. 
Assistant registrars shall be suliject to the same obligations and 
penalties as registrars. Registrars may remove an assistant regis- 
trar, and may fill any vacancy in the number of assistant registrars 
for the remainder of a term. 



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Chap. 11.] elections. 113 

1 Section 34. No person shall be appointed a registrar or assist- i^gistrars, 

2 ant registrar who is not a voter of the city or town for which he is hoi'A other 

3 appointed, who holds an office by election or appointment under isso, 337, § 3. 

4 the government of the United States or of the commonwealth, ex- il^' *^^' ^^ ^^' 

5 cept as a justice of the peace, notary public, or an officer of the state i895;207.' ^ ^^' 

6 militia, or who holds an office in the city or town for which he is ■^^'^^» ^^' § ^^• 

7 appointed either by election or by direct appointment of the mayor 

8 or of the selectmen. The acceptance 1)y a registrar or assistant reg- 

9 istrar of an office which he is prohibited from holding shall vacate 
10 his office as reo:istrar or assistant registrar. 

EEGISTRATION OF VOTERS. 

1 Section 35. Every city and town shall provide the registrars Rooms for 

2 with suitable rooms in which to hold their official sessions. isfiflwfn. 

1884, 298, § 15. 1892, 351, § U. 1893, 417, § 36. 1898, 548, § 36. ■^" ®' ^' § ^'^• 

1 Section 36. The registrars shall hold such day and such even- sessions for 

2 ing sessions as the town by a by-law or the city by an ordinance i877,^235f§ 2.' 

3 shall prescribe, and such other sessions as they deem necessary. p."|'f^§l5^'^' 

4 They shall hold at least one session at some suitable and con- J^^'?^M^^ 

-1 • • ir-ioii 1890, 423, § 44. 

5 venient place in every city or town on or beiore the Saturday last if92. 35i, §§ 15- 

6 preceding the first caucus preceding the annual state election, to I893, 417, §§ 37- 

7 give an opportunity to qualified voters to register. isk, 271, § 1. 

8 In cities, they shall hold a continuous session from twelve o'clock 1897I 210^530, 

9 noon until ten o'clock in the evening on the twentieth day preced- fglg^ 543 5 3- 

10 ing the annual state election, and a like continuous session on the [iop.A.G.54.] 

11 twentieth day preceding the annual city election. 

12 In towns, they shall hold a continuous session from twelve o'clock 

13 noon until ten o'clock in the evening on the Saturday last but one 

14 preceding the annual state election, and a like continuous session 

15 on the Saturday last but one preceding the annual town meeting. 

16 In towns divided into voting precincts they shall, not more than 

17 twenty days before the annual state election and also not more than 

18 twenty days before the annual town meeting, but in each case on or 

19 before the last day fixed for registration, hold at least one session 

20 at some suitable place within the limits of each voting precinct. In 

21 towns not divided into voting precincts, they shall, not more than 

22 twenty days before the annual state election and also not more than 

23 twenty days before the annual town meeting, but in each case on or 

24 before the last day fixed for registration, hold sessions in two or 

25 more suitable places. If, in any such town ten or more voters re- 

26 siding in or near a village or locality distant two or more miles from 

27 the usual place of registration shall, not less than eighteen days 

28 before the annual state election or the annual town meeting, file 

29 a petition with the town clerk stating that in such village or locality 

30 there are at least ten citizens Avho are entitled and desire to be 

31 registered, the registrars shall hold a session at some suitable place 

32 in such village or locality before the last day fixed for registration. 

33 The time and place of registration shall be the same for male and 

34 female applicants. 

1 Section 37. In every city, registration shall cease at ten o'clock ^.'"^0^* ^^^^^' 

2 in the evening on the twentieth day preceding the annual state elec- i'^'^. 37c, § s. 



114 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



1879,37. tion, and at ten o'clock in the eveninsr on the twentieth day preced- 

1884,' -iys, §'37. ■ ing the annual city election. In every town, registration shall cease 
1892; 3r'i; I/15- at ten o'clock in the evening on the Saturday last but one preceding 
1893, 417, § 40. the annual state election, and at ten o'clock in the evening on the 
1894, 271, §2. Saturday last but one preceding the annual town meeting. 

1898, 548, § 38. [1 Op. A. G. 184.] 



Registration 

for special 

elections. 

1893,209; 

417, § 41. 

1895, 2. 

1898, 548, § 39. 



Section 38. The registrars shall, in some suitable place, hold a 1 

continuous session from twelve o'clock noon until ten o'clock in the 2 

evening, on the fourth day, or in Boston on the seventh day, pre- S 

ceding a special election. Registration shall cease at ten o'clock 4 

in the evening of the day on which such session is held. 5 



totton before SECTION 39. If the final day for registration of voters falls on 1 
hoii'iay- Sunday or on a holiday, the day preceding such Sunday or holiday 2 

1898^ 54S, § 40. shall be the final day for sucli registration. 3 



Examination 
of applicants 
by single 
registrar. 
1890, 423, § 58. 

1892, 351, § 20. 

1893, 417, § 47. 
1898, 548, § 41. 



Section 40. Any registrar may, at a place appointed for regis- 1 

tration, on the days and during the hours designated for the purpose, 2 

receive applications for registration and examine applicants and wit- 3 

nesses under oath ; but all doings of one registrar shall be subject 4 

to the revision and acceptance of the board. 5 



Entry of 
names on reg- 
isters after 
close of regis- 
tration, etc. 
P. S. (J, § 25. 
1890, 423, § 45. 

1892, 351, § 25. 

1893, 417, § 42. 
1898, 548, § 42. 



Section 41. The registrars shall not, after ten o'clock in the 1 

evening of a day on which registration is to cease, register any person 2 

as a voter until after the next election, but they may enter or correct 3 

upon the registers the names of persons whose qualifications as voters 4 

have been examined between the preceding thirtieth day of April 5 

and the close of registration. They shall, in every case, require 6 

the vote by virtue of which such entry or correction is made to be 7 

attested by their clerk. 8 



Notices of ses- 
sions for regis- 
tration, etc. 
P. S. 6, 5§ 23, 25. 

1889, 4U4, § 4. 

1890, 423, § 44. 

1892, .351, § 14. 

1893, 417, § 43. 
189H, 5f-;, kiS. 
10(;nsli. 143. 
7 Allen, 155. 
140 Mass. 390, 
395. 



Section 42. They shall post or publish notices stating the 
places and hours for holding all sessions, the final sessions preced- 
ing any election, and that aftev ten o'clock in the evening of the last 
day fixed for registration they will not, until after the next elec- 
tion, add any name to the registers except the names of voters 
examined as to their qualifications between the preceding thirtieth 
day of April and the close of registration. 



General 
register. 

1877, 208. 

1878, 251, §2. 
P. S. (i, §§ 13, 
14, Hi. 

1884, 208, §§ 17, 
18, 22. 38. 
1890, 423, §§ 24, 
30,31. 

1892, 351, §§11, 
22, 23. 

1893, 417, § 44. 
18:)S, 51S, § 44. 
140 Mass. 390, 
395. 



Section 43. They shall keep, in general registers, records of 1 

all persons, male and female, registered as qualified to vote in the 2 

city or town. They shall enter therein the name of every such 3 

voter written in full, or instead thereof the surname and first 4 

Christian name or that name by which he is generally known, 5 

written in full, and the initial of every other name which he may 6 

have, and also his age, place of birth and residence on the preced- 7 

ing first day of ]May or at the time of l)ecoming an inhal)itant of 8 

the city or town after said day, the date of his registration and his 9 

residence at such date, his occupation and the place thereof, the 10 

name and location of the court which has issued to him letters of 11 

naturalization and the date thereof, if he is a naturalized citizen, 12 

and any other particulars necessary fully to identify him. IS 



Chap. 11.] 



ELECTIONS. 



115 



14 The general registers shall have uniform headings in substan- 

15 tially the following form, and blank books suita])le for the pur- 

16 pose shall be provided by the secretary of the commonwealth, at 

17 cost, to registrars applying for them. 







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1 Section 44. The registrars shall, after the first day of May, 

2 prepare an annual register containing the names of all qualified 

3 voters in such city or town for the current year, beginning with 

4 such first day of May. Such names shall be arranged in alphabetical 

5 order, and, opposite to the name of each voter, his residence on the 

6 preceding first day of jNIay or on any subsequent day when he be- 

7 came an inhabitant of the city or town. The registrars shall enter 

8 in the annual register every name contained in the lists of persons 

9 assessed for a poll tax for the current year, as transmitted to them 

10 by the assessors, giving, as the residence of each person on the first 

1 1 day of May, the place at which he was assessed a poll tax ; and 

12 likewise the name and residence, as aforesaid, of every woman voter 

13 whose name is contained in the list of women voters transmitted to 

14 them, as provided in section sixteen : 'provided, that in every case 

15 they are able to identify the name so transmitted to them as that of 

16 a man or woman whose name Avas Ijorne on the voting list of such 

17 city or town at the last preceding election or town meeting. They 

18 shall make all inquiries and investigations necessary to identify such 

19 person, and they shall not enter in the annual register the name of a 

20 person olijected to by any registrar until such person has lieen duly 

21 notified and given an opportunity to be heard by them. They shall 

22 forthwith enter in the annual register the name of every person 

23 whose qualifications as a voter have been determined by them in 

24 the current year and whose name has accordingly been entered 

25 in the general register. They shall annually, before the first day 

26 of May, transmit to the assessors a list of the women whose names 

27 are contained upon the register of voters, with their residences, as 

28 they appear on the register of the preceding year. 



Annual 

register. 

1884, 298, §§ 16, 

29. 

1886, 264, 5 3. 

1890, 423, §§ 23, 

38 

1892, 351, § 12. 

1893, 417, ^ 45. 

1894, 268, ? 3. 
1898, 548, § 45. 
[lOp. A.G. 
54.] 



Inquiries, in- 
vestigations, 
etc. 



Transmission 
of list of wo- 
men voters. 



Section 45. Every person, male or female, whose name has Registration, 
not been entered in the annual register in accordance with the pre- catioTwifen^ ^' 
ceding section must, in order to be registered as a voter, apply in Jggol li; 1 29! 
person for registration and prove that he is qualified to register. 

1893, 417, § 46. 1898, 548, § 46. [1 Op. A. G. 54.] 



1892, 351, § 13. 



1 Section 46. Every male applicant for registration shall pre — applicant 

2 sent a tax bill or notice from the collector of taxes, or a certificate proVe'assess- 

3 from the assessors showing that he was assessed as a resident of the reside'nce. 

4 city or town on the preceding first day of May, or a certificate that i^^°> ^^' § ^- 



116 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



1898, 548, § 47. j^g becauie a resident therein at least six months precedino- the 5 

I 1 Op. A.* vj. t • 

54.] next election, and the same shall be accepted by the registrars as 6 

7 



Examination, 
etc., when 
qualitications 
have not been 
determined 
within four 
years, etc. 
1878, 251, § 3. 
P. S. 6, § 15. 
1884, 298, § 20. 

1889, 404, § 4. 

1890, 423, §§ 27, 
28. 

1892, 351, § 22. 

1893, 417, § 48. 

1894, 291, § 1. 
1898, 548, § 48. 
140 Mass. 390, 
395. 

159 Mass. 413. 
[I Op. A. G. 
54.] 

Constitution to 
Ise printed on 
slips, etc. 



Registration 
of naturalized 
citizen, etc. 
1855, 416. 
G. S. 6, § 9. 
1874, 376, § 15. 
P. S. 6, § 26. 
1884, 298, § 38. 
1890, 423, § 48. 

1892, 3.51, § 23. 

1893, 417, § 50. 
1898, 548, § 49. 



— of minor. 
1884, 298, § 24. 
isiio, 4-23, § 32. 
1«»2, .351,§'24. 
1893, 417, § 51. 
1898, 548, § 50. 



Applicant to 
be notified of 
lejection, etc. 
ls;i2, 351, § ■>:>. 
IXl.:, 417, § .")2. 
18'Jt!:, olS, § 51. 



Revision and 
correction of 
r."_Mstcrs. 
If->1, 2'.IS, ^ 44. 
l.'^'.Kt, 423, §§33, 
54. 

1892, 351, § 26. 

1893, 417, § 53. 



prima facie evidence of his residence. 

Section 47. If the qualifications of an applicant have not been 1 

determined by the registrars within the four years preceding his 2 

application, the registrar shall examine him under oath relative 3 

thereto, and shall, unless he is prevented by physical disability, or 4 

unless he had the right to vote on the first day of May in the 5 

year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, require him to write his 6 

name in the general register and to read in such manner as to show 7 

that he is neither prompted nor reciting from memory. Registrars 8 

shall be provided by the secretary of the commonwealth with a copy 9 

of the constitution of the commonwealth printed on uniform paste- 10 

1)oard slips, each containing five lines of said constitution printed 11 

in double small pica type. The registrars shall place said slips in 12 

the box provided by the secretary of the commonwealth, which shall 13 

be so constructed as to conceal them from view. Each applicant 14 

shall be required to draw one of said slips from the box and read 15 

aloud the five lines printed thereon, in full view and hearing of the 16 

registrars. Each slip shall l)e returned to the box immediately after 17 

the test is finished, and the contents of the box shall be shaken up 18 

by a registrar before another drawing is made. No person failing 19 

to read the constitution as printed on the slip thus drawn shall be 20 

registered as a voter. The registrars shall keep said slips in said 21 

box at all times. The secretary of the commonwealth shall upon 22 

request provide new slips to replace those worn out or lost. 23 

Section 48. If an applicant for registration is a naturalized 1 

citizen, the registrars shall require him to produce for inspection 2 

his })apers of naturalization, and to make oath that he is the identi- 3 

cal person named therein, and shall, if satisfied that the applicant 4 

has been legally naturalized, make upon his papers a memorandum 5 

of the date of such inspection. If papers of naturalization have 6 

once been examined and record thereof made in the general reg- 7 

ister, the registrars need not again require their production. 8 

Section 49. If, upon examination, the registrars are satisfied 1 

that an applicant for registration has all the qualifications of a voter, 2 

except that of age, and that he will on or before the day of the next 3 

election or town meeting, attain full age, they shall place his name 4 

upon the registers. 5 

Section 50. If the registrars decline to register the name of a 1 

person examined for registration and reported to them therefor by 2 

a registrar, they shall notify him of their refusal, and give him a 3 

reasonal)le opportunity to lie heard l)y them upon his apjilication. 4 

They shall u})on the rejection of an applicant forthwith inform him 5 

of such rejection. ^ 6 

Section 51. The registrars shall, from time to time, revise and 1 

correct the general register and the current annual register in ac- 2 

cordance with any facts which may lie presented to them. They 3 

shall strike therefrom the name of every deceased jierson which 4 

has been transmitted to them by the city or town clerk or the reg- 5 



Chap. 11.] elections. 117 

6 istrar of deaths in accordance with section twenty-three; but after isgs, 54s, § 52. 

7 the name of a voter has been placed upon the current annual regis- ^*^ ^^^^^s. 390, 

8 ter, they shall not strike it therefrom unless the voter has deceased, 

9 nor change the place of residence as given thereon, until they have 

10 sent to him a notice of their intention so to do, and given him an 

11 opportunity to be heard. 

1 Section 52. If a registered voter complains to the registrars niegaiorm. 

2 or election commissioners, in writing under oath in a city fourteen tration*/^^^^" 

3 days at least, or in a town four days at least, before an election p%' 'q"^^ 22 

4 or town meeting, that the complainant has reason to believe and Jggo'lfs'li' 

5 does believe that a certain person by him therein named has been is^'^i 351^ §§ 27, 

6 illegally or incorrectly registered, and setting forth the reasons 1893, 417, § 54, 

7 for such belief, the registrars or election commissioners shall ^' ^'^^^' 

8 examine into such complaint, and if satisfied that there is sufficient 

9 ground therefor, they shall summon the person complained of to 

10 appear before them at a certain place and time before the next 

11 election or town meeting to answer to the matters set forth in the 

12 complaint, and the substance of the complaint and a copy of this 

13 and the following section shall be set forth in the summons. Ser- 

14 vice of the sunmions shall be made by an officer qualified to serve 

15 civil or criminal process, not more than fourteen days nor less than 

16 forty-eight hours before the day named for appearance, by delivering 

17 in hand a copy of the summons to the person therein summoned, 

18 or by leaving it at the place of alleged illegal or incorrect regis- 

19 tration, if the officer finds that such person resides there, or if he 

20 was formerly there and has changed his residence, then the sum- 

21 mons shall be served by leaving it at the place to which he has 

22 moved, if it is within the officer's jurisdiction and can be ascer- 

23 tained by inquiry of the landlord or of his agent at said place of 

24 alleged illegal or incorrect registration ; but if the officer cannot 

25 make personal service, and cannot ascertain the whereabouts of the 

26 person complained of, the copy of the summons shall be left at such 

27 person's last and usual place of abode known to the officer ; and the 

28 officer shall return the summons to the reo;istrars or election com- 

29 missioners before the day named for appearance, with the certifi- 

30 cate of his doings indorsed thereon. 

1 Section 53. If a person summoned before the registrars of j^yr^isfra^s 

2 voters to answer to such complaint appears before them, they i88i.|62.^ 

3 shall examine him under oath, and shall receive other evidence which i884,'298, §32. 

4 may be offered in regard to the matters set forth in the complaint, 1892^ ihi, § 29! 

5 and if satisfied that he is properly registered as a qualified voter llll] til', 1 54! 

6 they shall enter in the register a statement of their determination 1^0 Mass. 390, 

7 upon the facts required for registration. If the registrars are sat- 

8 isfied that he is not a qualified voter in the city or town, they shall 

9 strike his name from the register. If a person duly summoned as 

10 aforesaid does not appear as directed in the summons, the complain- 

11 ant shall produce*sufficient testimony to make out a prima facie 

12 case, and if this is done the name of the person complained of 

13 shall be stricken from the register ; l)ut if such person appears before 

14 the registrars before the election or town meeting next ensuino^ and 

15 shows sufficient cause for his failure earlier to appear, the hearing 

16 shall be reopened and the matter decided on its merits, as deter- 



118 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



mined from the evidence presented on Ijoth sides. The complain- 17 

ant and the person complained of may be represented by counsel, 18 

and all witnesses may be cross-examined. 19 

Notice of Section 54. The registrars shall promptly transmit to the as- 1 

assessors. sessors of the city or town notice of every error which they shall 2 

189'^ 351 § 26. • 

1893,' 41:! § 56! discover in the name or residence of a person assessed therein. 3 

1894, 271, § 5. 1898, 548, § 55. 



Open sessions 
and records. 
1884, 298, § 39. 

1889, 404, § 4. 

1890, 423, §§ 28, 
49. 

1892, 351, §§ 14, 
22. 

1893, 417, § 57. 



Section 55. The registrars shall perform their duties in open 1 

session, and not secretly. They shall distinctly announce the name 2 

of every applicant for registration before entering his name on the 3 

general register. Their records shall at suitable times be open to 4 

public inspection. 1 898, 548, § 56. 5 



Preservation, SECTION 56. All written complaints and certificates received by 1 

documents lor ini i ... , i. "^ 

two years. the registrars, and all other documents m their custody relative to 2 

\m\ m, 5 43! registration, shall be preserved by them for two years after the 3 

1892,351,114. " i- J i. .H i A 

1893 417, §58. rcspcctivc dates thei'eoi. i898, 548, § 57. 4 



Maintenance 
of order, etc. 
1884, 298, § 40. 
1891), 423, § .M). 

1892, 351, § 20. 

1893, 417, § 59. 
1898, 548, § 58. 



Section 57. A registrar shall have authority to enforce regu- 1 

larity in all proceedings before him, and to maintain order in and 2 

al)Out the place where a session is held, or applications for regis- 3 

tration are received, and to keep the access thereto open and un- 4 

obstructed. 5 



Police officers 
at meetings. 
1884, 298, § 42. 
1890, 423, § 52. 

1892, 351, § 40. 

1893, 417, § 60. 
1898, 548, § 59. 



Section 58. The board of police or ofiicer in charge of the 1 

police force of a city or town shall, when requested by the regis- 2 

trars or election commissioners, detail a sufficient number of police 3 

officers to attend any meeting held by a registrar in the performance 4 

of his duties, and to preserve order and enforce his directions. • 5 



Supervisors o 
registration. 
1884, 298, § 50. 
1890, 423, § 60. 

1892, 351, § 38. 

1893, 417, § 61. 
1898, 548, § 60. 
[1 Op. A. G. 
599.] 



Section 59. The governor, with the advice and consent of the 1 

council, shall, on the petition of not less than ten qualified voters of 2 

a city or town, appoint for a term of one year, two supervisors of 3 

registration for each place of registration therein, one from each 4 

of the two leading political parties. They shall attend all sessions 5 

or meetings for registration held at the places for which they are 6 

appointed, and either of them may attach to any book or papers 7 

there used for purposes of registration any statement touching the 8 

truth or fairness of the proceedings which he may deem proper, 9 

and may add thereto his signature or other marks for the purpose 10 

of identification. 11 



Voting lists, 
contents, ar- 
rangement, 
etc. 

1813, 68, § 1. 
1822, 104, § 2. 
1833, 102, § 2. 
R. S. 3, § 5. 
G. S. 6, § 5. 
1874, 376, § 7. 

1877, 208, § 3. 

1878, 233, § 1. 
1881, 191, §3; 
210, § 4. 

P. S. 6, §§ 18, 
19, 20, 27. 



VOTING LISTS. 

Section 60. Registrars shall, from the names entered in the 1 

annual register of voters, prepare voting lists for use at the several 2 

elections to be held therein. In such voting lists, they shall place 3 

the names of all voters entered on the annual regisfer, and no others, 4 

and opposite to the name of each, his residence on the preceding first 5 

day of May or at the time of his becoming an inhabitant of such 6 

place after said day, and in Boston the age of each male voter therein. 7 

They shall enter the names of women voters in separate columns or 8 

lists. In cities, they shall prepare such voting lists by wards, and 9 



Chap. 11.] elections. 119 

10 if a ward or a town is divided into voting precincts, they shall H^^^^^' ^^ ^'^' 

11 prepare the same by precincts, in alphabetical order, or by streets, J^^^; f^; l^'-^gg 

12 except that in Boston, the voting lists shall be prepared by streets. 37,^. 

1892, 351, § 30. 1895, 449, § 4. 1897, 296, § 4. 1899, 148. 

1893, 417, § 62. 1896, 469, § 1. 1S98, 548, § 61. 140 Mas8. 390, 395. 

1 Section 61. They shall place at the end of the voting lists Names of 

2 of each ward, voting precinct or town to be used at a state election, ^encL^" 

under a proper heading, the names of all persons who, by changes in 112; 351', § si! 

4 city or town boundaries, or by removal from the city or town, are {ggflsHJel; 

5 not entitled to vote for the whole number of officers to be chosen. 

1 Section 62. They shall, at least twenty days before the annual ^otfnglists. 

2 city or town election, and in every place except Boston, at least thirty i8i|. ^^^§^12 

3 days before the annual state election, and in Boston, except in the ^3|W2'§2: 

4 years designated for preparing new general registers, twenty-four g;s.'6]§5'.^ 

5 days at least before the annual state election, cause copies of the i878;233!§i! 

6 voting lists prepared in accordance with the two preceding sections r884,'2%!§27. 
7. to be posted in their principal office and in one or more other public {^;m§^^^ 
8 places in the city or town, and in each precinct therein. 36. 

1892, 351, § 32. 1895, 449, § 4. 1898, 548, § 63. 

1893, 417, § 64. 1896, 469, § 2. 140 Mass. 390, 396. 

1 Section 63. After the voting lists have been posted, registrars Postpfror 

2 shall, within forty-eight hours after a new name has been added to duiona/"ames. 

3 the annual register, cause it to be added to the lists posted in their J^^gJ fji; | ^5; 

4 principal office. If a city or town shall authorize the registrars to iggg; 548; | gi. 

5 pu]:>lish the names added to the register, they may, instead of post- 

6 ing them, cause all additional names to be ])rinted in a newspaper 

7 published in the city or town, if any, otherwise in a newspaper 

8 published in the county in which such city or town is situated. In 

9 the years designated for preparing new general registers in Boston, 

10 the election commissioners shall as often as once in each week dur- 

11 ing the period of such general registration cause to be printed in 

12 some newspaper published in said city such names, as near as may 

13 be, as shall have been placed upon the general registers during the 

14 six days last preceding the date of such publication. 

1 Section 64. Registrars shall, on the day of an election, give to certificate in 

2 a voter whose name has been omitted from the voting list, or in slon or error 

3 whose name or residence, as placed on the voting list, a clerical 187^208," §3. 

4 error has been made, a certificate of his name and residence, as fss^'lgs^fis. 

5 stated on the annual register, signed by the registrars or a majority i|9o. g^, 1 55. 

6 of them. On presentation thereof to the presiding election officer i893;4i7;§66. 

7 of the ward, voting precinct or town in which the voter was regis- 

8 tered, he shall be allowed to vote, and his name shall be checked on 

9 the certificate, which shall be attached to and considered a part of 
10 the voting list and returned and preserved therewith. 

1 Section 65. They shall, before every election and meeting in Duplicate 

2 a city or town at which voting lists may l)e required to be used. It pofis.'^ ^ 

3 prepare voting lists for each ward, voting precinct or town in which p.'s'.6, §28. 

4 such election or meeting is to be held, containing the names and jgsg; lil,' 1 20! 

5 residences of all persons qualified to vote therein, as the same appear ^^J'-^fl^^gJ*' 

6 upon the annual register, and they shall seasonably transmit the 1892,^5^1^ §'i;' 



120 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



1893, 417, § 67. 
1898, 548, § 66. 
12 Pick. 485. 



same to the election officers in every such precinct, ward or town. 7 
Such voting lists shall be in duplicate for all elections and meetings 8 
at which duplicate lists are required to be used. 9 



Retimiof Section (56. They shall forthwith, after the final day for regis- 

3.SSGSSGfl DOllS «/ ' •/ o 

etc., alter close tratiou before an annual state, city or town election, certify to the 

i89o?l23,^§ 1^ secretary of the commonwealth the number of assessed polls, the 

i892,^35i', § 35. iiumbcr of registered male and female voters in the city or town, 

1898' 54s! 1 67! ^^^^ ^^^ cacli Ward and precinct therein, and the numl^er of persons 

who by law are entitled to vote for a part only of the whole numl^er 

of officers to be chosen at a state election in such city or town and 

in each ward and precinct therein, with the titles of the officers for 

whom such persons are entitled to vote. 

In cities in which the city clerk is not a memljer of the board of 
registrars, the registrars shall likewise, after the last day for regis- 
tration for a city election, certify to the city clerk the number of 
registered male and female voters in the city, and in each ward and 
voting precinct therein. 



Voting list for 
caucus. 

1893, 417, § 69. 

1894, 504, § 32. 

1895, 489, § 13. 
1898, 548, § 68. 



List of voters 
before redivi- 
sion of a city 
into wards. 
1888, 437, §§ 3, 5. 
1893, 417, § 70. 
1898, 548, § 69. 



Section 67. When a caucus is called the registrars shall, on 
request of the chakman of the ward or town committee of the party 
whose caucus is to be held or of the person designated to call the 
caucus to order, furnish him for use in the caucus a certified copy 
of the voting list of the town, or of the ward of the city for which 
the caucus is to be held, as last published, adding thereto the names 
of voters registered since such publication. 

Section 68. The registrars in every city, after the annual city 
election in the year nineteen hundred and four, and in every tenth 
year thereafter, shall, for the purpose of furnishing to the city 
council and the board of aldermen the information necessary for 
a new division of the city into Avards and voting precincts, deliver 
to the city clerk before the tenth day of February then next ensuing 
a list of all the male voters therein Avho were registered for such 
city election, which shall be so arranged as to show the number of 
such voters residing in each lot or block surrounded by streets 
within the limits of such city or within any other sub-division 
thereof, which the city council or board of aldermen may, before 
the first day of February, designate. The registrars shall likewise 
in any other year, upon request of the lioard of aldermen, furnish, 
for the purpose of dividing the ward into voting precincts, a list of 
the male voters of any ward in the city, arranged as aforesaid. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 

1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 



Election com- 
missioners of 
Boston. 
1895, 449, §§ 2, 3. 
1898, 548, § 70. 



REGISTRATION OF VOTERS AND VOTING LISTS IN BOSTON. 

Section 69. The election department of Boston shall be under 1 

the charge of a board of election commissioners consisting of four 2 

citizens and voters of Boston who shall be appointed by the mayor 3. 

without confirmation by the lioard of aldermen ; and chapter two 4 

hundred and sixty-six of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 5 

eighty-five, and all other acts relating to departments of Boston 6 

or the officers and employees thereof, not inconsistent hercAvith, 7 

shall be applicable to said department and the officers and em- 8 

ployees thereof. 9 



Chap. 11.] elections. 121 

1 Section 70. Said board shall be so selected that two members Election com. 

2 shall always belong to each of the two leading political parties ; and BostonTterm, 

3 one member shall annually be appointed for the term of four years, fsgs.'^^gffs?"" 

4 beginning with the first day of May in the year of his appointment. i^^*^> ^^' § '^^' 

5 The mayor shall annually, on or before the first day of May, desig- 

6 nate one member as chairman for the year beginning with said day, 

7 and may, after notice and hearing, remove any member for cause. 

8 The chairman of said board shall receive an annual salary of four 

9 thousand dollars, and each of the other commissioners three thou- 

10 sand five hundred dollars, or such other salary as the city council 

11 may by ordinance prescribe. 

1 Section 71. Said board shall annually, between the first day of "gfefjiX^"* 

2 May and the first day of October, appoint assistant registrars of J^^*^^|3^y|-2. 

3 voters, not exceeding four for each ward, who shall hold office for i^||*i^'|^^- 

4 the term of one year, beginning with the first day of October, unless 

5 sooner removed by the election commissioners, and who shall 

6 equally represent the two leading political parties. 

1 Section 72. Said board shall constitute the Boston ballot law -to^constuute 

2 commission, and shall in all matters relating to objections and ques- baiiot law 

3 tions arising in the case of nominations of candidates for city ofiices 1895V449, §°5." 

4 have the powers and perform the duties prescribed for the ballot law ^^^^' ^^' ^ '^^' 

5 commission of the commonwealth ; and when sitting as such, the 

6 chief justice of the municipal court of the city of Boston, or in case 

7 of his disability the senior justice of said court who is not disabled, 

8 shall be a member of said board and shall preside, but shall not 

9 vote unless the other commissioners are equally divided ; and in 

10 every other matter in which the commissioners are equally divided 

11 said chief justice shall act with them and shall cast the deciding 

12 vote. 

1 Section 73. Said board shall, between the fifteenth day of June -to make 

2 and the first day of October in the year nineteen hundred and six, fe^r'^of voters!" 

3 and in every tenth year thereafter, make a new general register of H^i ^J 1 1] 

4 the qualified male voters, which shall be prepared in the manner ^|7^^ g^g^ ^ ^^ 

5 provided by law for preparing general registers. Changes may be 

6 made therein on account of illegal registration, and after the year in 

7 which it is made, all laws relating to general registers of voters shall 

8 be applicable thereto, and the annual registers and voting lists of 

9 said city shall be prepared therefrom in the manner provided by 

10 law for preparing annual registers and voting lists in cities. Until 

11 the first day of September of the years designated for preparing 

12 new general registers, voters may be registered at the central reg- 

13 istration ofiice ; and during September said board shall keep open 

14 one or more places for registration in each ward, as it shall deem 

15 sufficient, where, with the central registration office, registration 

16 shall be made daily from eight o'clock in the forenoon to ten o'clock 

17 in the afternoon, except on Sunday. In such years of general reg- 

18 istration said board may appoint, so as equally to represent the two 

19 leading political parties, such additional assistant registrars as in 

20 its judgment may be necessary. 



122 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11, 



Election com- 
missioners of 
Boston; to 
prepare regis- 
tration books. 
189t), 547, §§ 1, 2. 

1897, 296, § 1. 

1898, 548, § 75. 



Section 74. Said board shall prepare books for the registra- 1 

tion of the male voters and the general register of voters, and the 2 

books so prepared shall constitute the general register of voters in 3 

said city. Said books shall be in the following form : — 4 



. street. 



1. 


2. 


3. 


4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 




11. 




12. 


cs 2 


«53S§.2 






..i 




a 




a 


a <D 
II 


Personal 


?^ 


Op 

o . 

ill 


6 

s 

1 


a 

be 


si 

teg 
c S 


p 
.2 

3 
O 

c 
O 


=1 

p< 

oo 
i 

S 


i 

s 

o 

E 


o 

O 


Description. 


i2 




To 

'S 

HI 


bo 
1 


i 

a 































Under the several headings, there shall be entered as follows : 

One, The day, month and year when the applicant is adjudged 
a qualified voter. 

Two, The name of the applicant and the number on the street, 
place or other location of his dwelling on that day, or if there is 
no number, such clear and definite description of the place of said 
dwelling that it can be readily ascertained ; if more than one family 
reside in said dwelling, the floor on which the applicant resides ; 
and if there is more than one house at the number given by the 
applicant, in which one of them he resides. 

Three, The full surname and the Christian name of the applicant, 
or the name by which he is generally known, and the initial of 
every other name which he may have. 

Four, The applicant shall write his name on a line with the state- 
ments herein set forth. 

Five, The numl)er of months or years which the applicant states 
that he has lived in said city. 

Six, A full statement of his occupation. 

Seven, The place of his occupation. 

Eight, The name of the city or town, county and state, country, 
kingdom, empire or dominion where he was born. 



— sessions for 
registration. 

1893, 417, § 37. 

1894, 271, § 1. 
1898, 548, § 76. 



5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
Nine, The designation of the court where the applicant, if he 26 
was an alien, was naturalized. 27 

Ten, The date of such naturalization. 28 

Eleven, The age, approximate height and weight of the applicant. 29 
Twelve, The residence of the applicant at the date of registration. 30 
The names of all voters residing in the same dwelling shall be 31 
placed together. 32 

Section 75. Said board shall hold such day sessions as the city 1 

may by ordinance prescribe, and such additional sessions as they 2 

shall deem necessary. They shall, in any event, hold in or near 3 

each ward in said city not less than ten evening sessions, each of at 4 

least three hours' duration, between the first day of September and 5 

the close of registration before the annual state election, and the 6 

same number of like sessions between the annual state election 7 

and the close of registration before the annual city election. They 8 

shall also hold at their principal office a continuous session from 9 



Chap. 11.] 



ELECTIONS. 



123 



Examination 
as to quali- 
fications of 
applicants. 

1896, 547, § 2. 

1897, 296, § 2. 

1898, 548, § 77. 



10 nine o'clock in the morning until ten o'clock in the evening on the 

11 twentieth clay preceding the annual state election, and a like con- 

12 tinuous session on the twentieth day preceding the annual city 

13 election. 

1 Section 76. An election commissioner or assistant registrar of 

2 voters shall, at the times and places fixed for registering voters, 

3 examine under oath each applicant for registration as to his quali- 

4 fications as a voter, and, if satisfied that the applicant is a qualified 

5 voter, shall immediately, in the presence of the applicant, enter in 

6 the proper columns of said register the information required by 

7 section seventy-four, according to the statements of the applicant ; 

8 and if at any time prior to an election the board shall be of opinion 

9 that there is an error in such information, after giving notice to the 

10 person by mail, by special delivery, that he may be heard on a certain 

11 day named therein, it may on said day re-examine said information 

12 and correct such error, if any. No person shall, except as provided 

13 in section forty-four, have his name entered upon such register un- 

14 less he personally appears before said laoard or one member thereof 

15 or an assistant registrar and is found qualified to be registered as a 

16 voter ; and if the person is a naturalized citizen, he shall produce 

17 his naturalization papers or a cei-tified copy of the record thereof 

18 for inspection, and make oath that he is the person named therein. 

19 But if there is a record in the office of said board made in the year 

20 eighteen hundred and ninety-six, or subsequent thereto, that the 

21 naturalization papers of the applicant have once been produced and 

22 examined, they need not be again produced. 

1 Section 77. Said board shall annually after the close of regis- voting lists by 

2 tration and before the annual state election make, by precincts, from Fsg^s^v.^H. 

3 the annual register, street lists of the voters to be used as the voting 1398^ ^g,' | *a, 

4 lists at elections. Each list shall contain not less than two hundred 

5 names, and names shall be added to or taken therefrom, as persons 

6 are found qualified or not qualified to vote. Said lists shall be in 

7 the following form : 

street. 



Appearance 
in person of 
applicants for 
registration. 

1896, 547, § 3. 

1897, 296, § 3. 





Name of Voter. 


Residence, Number, 

or other Desig- 
nation, May 1, of the 
Year of Election. 


Length of 
Residence in City. 


Personal 
Description. 




6 
<1 


'S 

X 


To 

















1 Section 78. Said board shall, prior to the annual state election Pamphlet 

2 and prior to the annual city election, prepare in pamphlet form, vot/ngiists. 

3 not less than fifty copies of each voting list, omitting therefrom J^g^; |^; | s; 

4 everything except the name and residence of the voters, and shall ^^^^' ^' § '^^• 

5 distribute said copies as they may deem best. 



1 Section 79. Every person upon applving to vote shall, when Applicant to 

rx , 1 ^ ^ J' m •: 1 • • 11 write his name. 

2 requested by any election ofncer, write his name in a book pre- 1895,425. 

3 pared for the purpose unless the voter declares under oath to the is^^, o4*,§5. 



124 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



1S97, 29(1, § 6. 
1898, 548, § 80. 



presiding officer that he had the right to vote on the first day of May 4 

in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven and cannot write, or 5 

that by reason of blindness or other physical disability he is unable 6 

to write. 7 



state commit- 
tee, election, 
term, etc. 
1895, 489, § 3. 
1898, 548, § 81. 
1901, 402, § 1. 



Organization. 



Vacancies. 



POLITICAL COMMITTEES. 

Section 80. Each political party shall annually elect a state 1 

committee, the members of which shall hold office for one year from 2 

the first day of January next following their election and until their 3 

successors shall have organized. Said committee shall consist of at 4 

least one member from each senatorial district, who shall, except in 5 

the Suffolk senatorial districts, be elected at the convention held for 6 

the nomination of a candidate for senator to be voted for in said 7 

district at the annual state election. The members of said com- 8 

mittee for the Suflblk senatorial districts shall be elected in accord- 9 

ance with the provisions of section one hundred and thirty-seven. 10 

The members of the state committee shall, in January, meet and 11 

organize by the choice of a chairman, a secretary, a treasurer and 12 

such other officers as they may decide to elect. 13 

The secretary of the state committee shall, within ten days after 14 

such organization, file with the secretary of the commonwealth, and 15 

send to each city and town committee, a list of the members of the 16 

committee and of its officers. 17 

A vacancy in the office of chairman, secretary or treasurer of the 18 

committee or in the membership thereof shall be filled by the com- 19 

mittee, and a statement of any such change shall be filed as in the 20 

case of the officers first chosen. 21 



City, ward and 
town com- 
mittees, elec- 
tion, term, 
organization. 

1894, 504, §§ 2, .3. 

1895, 489, §§ 4, 6. 

1896, 469, §"lO. 

1897, 530, § 10. 

1898, 548, § 82. 

1899, 346, § 1. 



Section 81. Each political party shall, in every ward and town, 1 

annually elect a committee to be called a ward or a town committee, 2 

to consist of not less than three persons, who shall hold office for 3 

one year from the first day of January next following their election 4 

and until their successors shall have organized. 5 

The members of the several ward committees of a political party 6 

in a city shall constitute a committee to be called a city committee. 7 

Each town committee shall annually, between the first day of 8 

January and the first day of March, and each ward and city com- 9 

mittee shall, within thirty days after the beginning of its term of 10 

office, meet and organize by the choice of a chairman, a secretary, 11 

a treasurer and such other officers as it may decide to elect. 12 

The secretary of each city and town committee shall, within ten 13 

days after its organization, file Avith the secretary of the common- 14 

wealth, with the city or town clerk and with the secretary of the 15 

state committee of the political party which it represents, a list of 16 

the officers and members of the committee. 17 

A vacancy in the office of chairman, secretary or treasurer of a 18 

city, ward, or town committee shall be filled by the committee, and 19 

a vacancy in the membership of a ward or town committee shall be 20 

filled by such committee, and a statement of any such change shall 21 

be filed as in the case of the officers first chosen. 22 



Choice of ward 
committee 



Section 82. Upon a re-division of a city into wards, any polit- 
atter cL-Tnge of ical party may in the next succeeding calendar yea,r elect its ward 
1895, 507, § 30. committces for such terms, not exceeding the length of the terms 



Chap. 11.] elections. 125 

4 for which the former committees were chosen, as the city committee 18%, 469, § w. 

5 existing at the time of calling the caucuses may determine, and i*^^^' ^^> § ^^• 

6 thereafter shall elect such committees at the times and for the terms 

7 prescribed by law. The caucuses for the choice of such ward com- 

8 mittees shall be called by the city committee in existence at the 

9 time, and shall be subject to such reasonable notice as said city 
10 committee shall determine. 

1 Section 83. Committees of any party existing at the time when organization 

2 such party at an annual state election first polls for governor three committels. 

3 per cent of the entire vote cast in the commonwealth for that office 1^97; 530; 1 10. 

4 shall be deemed to be organized under these provisions. i898, 548, § 84. 

1 Section 84. A state, city or town committee may make rules Rules and 

2 and regulations, not inconsistent with law, for its proceedings and i8w! sMriTs, s. 

3 relative to caucuses called by it, and may fix the number of persons IH^] tH^ || %'/ 

4 of whom it shall consist. Each city or town committee may make J^gg ^^ §35 

5 reasonable regulations, not inconsistent with law, to determine isas. 329, §1. 

6 membership in the party, and to restrain persons not entitled to 

7 vote at caucuses from attendance thereat or taking part therein. 

8 But no political committee shall prevent any voter from participat- 

9 ing in a caucus of its party for the reason that the voter has sup- 
10 ported an independent candidate for political office. 



provisions applying to all caucuses of political parties. 

1 Section 85. Except as provided in this chapter, no caucus or caucusee; 

2 meeting shall be entitled to nominate a candidate for public office byrreguiated. 

3 whose name shall be placed on the official ballot, to elect delegates llll] HI] | ]l\ 

4 to a political convention for the nomination of such candidate, to iggs.^Ms, § »6. 

5 elect delegates to conventions held for the election of delegates to ^^^'^> ^'^• 

6 national conventions for the nomination of candidates for president 

7 and vice president of the United States, or to choose a political 
S committee. 

1 Section 8G. No nomination of a candidate to be voted for in —nominations 

2 an electoral district or division containing more than one town or by, except.' 

3 more than one ward of a city, except a nomination for the office of 1899I 355'. 

4 representative in the general court and, in the Suffolk senatorial ^^°^' ^"^^^ ^ ^' 

5 districts, for the office of senator, and in Boston for the office of 

6 alderman, shall be made by a caucus. 

1 Section 87. All caucuses of political parties, except for special ;^*°J^,*g^^^j'^^" 

2 elections, for the choice of deleo-ates to political conventions which nated by state 

O X COllinilttGG 

3 nominate candidates to be voted for at the annual state election, latf .004, §5. 

4 and for the nomination of candidates to be voted for at such elec- i89s,' ols, § S7. 

5 tion, sliall be held throughout the commonwealth on a day desig- 1901', 117! ^ ^" 

6 nated by the state committee of the political party for which said 

7 caucuses are held ; and all of said delegates shall be elected, and all 

8 of said candidates shall be nomhiated, at one caucus. Such caucuses 

9 shall be held at the call of the state committee of the political party 

10 whose caucuses are to be held, and the chairman and secretary of 

11 the state committee of each political party shall, at least twent3^-one 

12 days before the date on which the caucuses are to be held, forward 



126 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



a copy of the call, with designation of date, to the chairman and 13 

secretary of each cit}' and town committee of then- party. 14 

Caucuses; . SECTION 88. No two political parties shall hold such caucuses 1 

cai prttes^o' on the samc day. The party first filing with the secretary of the 2 

day.' "" '''™*' commonwealth the copy of the call as above provided shall be en- 3 

mt, 489, 1 9'. titled to precedence on the days named. i898, 548, § 88. 4 



— for special 
elections. 
189.1, 4S9, § 16. 
1898, 548, § 89. 



Section 89. Caucuses relative to a special election shall beheld 
at such time and place and subject to such reasonable notice as the 
political committee whose duty it is to provide for holding the same 
may determine. Calls therefor shall be issued by the chairman and 
secretary of said political committee. 



— calling of. 
1894, .i04, §§ 4, 



Section 90. Every caucus of a political party shall he called 



1 

10- , ,„ by a written or printed notice. Xo caucus or meeting of a political 2 

18Uo, 4*9, § 10. .' ^ 11 1 1 n , • -^.j izj „„ ,1 „„ ^u:^ ^,V1„ 3 



party not so called shall be recognized as valid under this title. 

1896, 469, § 11. 1898, 548, § 90. 



— notices to 
apply only to 
members "of 
party whose 
caucuses are 
to be held, etc. 
1894, 504, § 8. 
189.5, 489, § 7. 

1897, .530, § 11. 

1898, 548, § 91. 



Section 91. Notices for caucuses shall apply to all members 
of the political party calling them, and to them only. No person 
having voted in the caucus of one political party shall be entitled 
to vote or take part in the caucus of another political party within 
the ensuing twelve months. No voter shall be prevented from voting 
or participating in any caucus if he takes the following oath which 
shall be administered to him by the presiding ofiicer of the caucus : 



You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that 3-on are a registered voter in this 
ward (or town) and have the legal right to vote in this caucus ; that you are a 
member of the political partj^ holding the same, and intend to vote for its 
candidates at the polls at the election next ensuing; and that you have not 
taken part or voted in the caucus of any other political party for t^velve months 
last past. 

Such voter may be challenged like any other voter. Any person 8 

whose right to vote is challenged for any cause recognized by law 9 

shall not" be permitted to vote until he has taken the foregoing 10 

oath; and the clerk or secretaiy of the caucus shall make a record 11 

of the administration of said oath to every person who takes the 12 

same, which record shall state whether or not said person voted. 13 

Said record shall be returned with the proceedings of said caucus 14 

and shall be prima facie evidence in any court that such person took 15 

said oath and voted in said caucus. 16 



— voting list to 
be used 



Section 92. In ])alloting, the voting lists furnished under the 
iS'i' ill' f '^- provisions of section sixty-seven shall be used as check lists and no 

18i)4, 504, § ox. 1 -it" 1 • 1 

1895, 489, § 13. i^ersou shall be entitled to vote or to take part in a caucus whose 

1898, 548, § 92. i " ^ • 1 T ^ 

name does not appear upon said lists. 



— plurality 
•vote to elect. 
1894, .504, § 9. 
189.5, 4W), § 14. 

1897, 530, § 5. 

1898, 54S, § 93. 
1901, 404. 

— vacancies. 



Section 93. The persons receiving the highest numl)er of votes 1 

in a caucus shall be declared elected or nominated. If there is a 2 

tie vote for delegates to a convention, or a place unfilled in a dele- 3 

gation, or a vacancy occasioned by inal)ility or neglect of a delegate 4' 

elected to attend a convention, such vacancies shall be filled only 5 



Chap. 11.] elections. 127 

6 by vote of the remaining nieml>ers of the delegation at a meeting 

7 called for the purpose. Such meeting shall choose a chairman and 

8 secretary, and the secretary shall notify the secretary of the con- 

9 vention of the action taken relative to such vacancy, except that, 

10 if only one delegate or two delegates were to be elected, the 

11 delegate or the remaining delegate, as the case may be, shall fill 

12 such vacancy and notify the secretary of the convention of such 

13 action. 

14 If there is a tie vote for members of a ward or town committee, caucuses; 

15 or for caucus officers, the members or caucus officers elected shall fill *'®^*^**'- 

16 the vacancy. 

17 If a majority of a delegation of a ward or town committee, or —failures to 

18 of caucus officers is not elected, or there is a tie vote for candidates ^®^*" 

19 for an elective office, the caucus shall at once proceed to another 

20 ballot unless some one present entitled to vote objects ; in which 

21 case the caucus shall adjourn to any subsequent day. The hour 

22 and place shall, if practicable, be the same as that named in the 

23 call. 

1 Section 94. The presiding officer and secretary or clerk of ^^eiecuralnd 

2 each caucus shall within three week davs after its final adiournment nomination to 

ciT 1 111 "^ T • ^ • delegates and 

3 deliver or send to each delegate to a political convention, to each candidates. 

4 member of a political committee, and to each caucus officer a cer- 1896^ 435^5." 

5 tificate of his election, and to each candidate for an elective office ^^^^' ^^' ^ ' 

6 a notice of his nomination. 



PROVISIONS APPLYING TO CAUCUSES OF POLITICAL PARTIES EXCEPT 
IN BOSTON AND IN CERTAIN CITIES AND TOW^NS. 

1 Section 95. At least two weeks prior to the date on which ~i|cj"°^be 

2 caucuses are to be held, the chairman or secretary of the city or town provided by 

3 committee shall notify the aldermen or the selectmen respectively of selectmen. 

4 such date, and said aldermen or selectmen shall, at the expense isosUsa.'ln; 

5 of the city or town, provide polling places for said caucuses, in case i896, §48, § 95. 

6 of a city, not less than one for each ward ; and shall, at least ten 

7 days prior to the date of said caucus, give said chairman or secre- 

8 tary notice of the places so provided. 

1 Section 96. Notices of caucuses, signed by the chairman and ^9°%*o4',Y/.' 

2 secretary, shall be issued by each city and town committee not less gof '§^,'1.^^' 

3 than seven days prior to the day on which they are to be held. Jggg'^g'H^* 

4 The notices shall state the place where, and the day and hour when, 

5 the several caucuses are to be held. They shall be conspicuously 

6 posted in at least five places on the highways or streets, and if 

7 practica])le, in every post office in the city or town, or shall l)e pub- 

8 lished at least twice in one or more local newspapers, if there are 

9 any. The hour fixed for calling the caucus to order shall not be 

10 later than eight o'clock in the evening. The notice shall designate 

11 by name or office the person who shall call such caucus to order, 

12 and he shall preside until a chairman is chosen. If he is al)sent at 

13 the time appointed, any member of the ward or town committee 

14 present shall call the caucus to order and preside until a chairman 

15 is chosen. The first business in order shall be the choice of a chair- —order of 

16 man, a secretary and such other officers as the meeting may de- 



128 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11, 



termine. No person shall serve as a caucus officer at any caucus in 17 
which he is a candidate for membership in a ward or town commit- 18 
tee, for an elective otEce, or for a nomination to an elective office. 19 



Caucuses ; 
<-andidates to 
- be chosen by 
ballot. 

1893, 417, 5 69. 

1894, 504, § 32. 

1895, 489, § 13. 
1898, 548, § 97. 

— preservation 
of ballots and 
voting lists. 
1894, 504, § 33. 

1898, 548, § 98. 

1899, 329, § 3. 



Section 97. A ballot shall be taken for the choice of any can- 1 

didate, delegate or member of a political committee, to be selected 2 

l)y such caucus, and the polls shall be kept open at least thirty 3 

minutes. 4 

Section 9(S. The secretary of each caucus shall preserve for 1 

ten days all ballots cast and all voting lists used at the caucus. If 2 

during said time ten voters entitled to vote in said caucus shall file 3 

with him a written request so to do, he shall preserve said ballots 4 

and voting lists for three months, and shall produce the same, if 5 

required by any court of justice or convention having jurisdiction 6 

or authority over the same. 7 

If within three week days after any caucus a person who has 8 

received votes thereat for nomination or election to any office, del- 9 

egation or political committee shall file a statement in writing with 10 

the secretary of said caucus claiming an election or nomination, or 11 

declaring an intention to contest the election or nomination of any 12 

other person, the secretary shall preserve the ballots for such nom- 13 

ination or office until the claim or contest has been finally deter- 14 

mined. 15 

The secretary shall immediately give notice in writing to the per- 16 

sons affected, fixing a time within twenty-four hours thereafter and 17 

a place at which said l)allots will l)e recounted. The chairman and 18 

secretary of the caucus shall, at said time and place, recount said 19 

ballots and determine the questions raised. Each candidate affected 20 

may l)e present during such recount, or may be represented by 21 

an agent appointed by hihi in writing. If it shall appear upon a 22 

recount that persons were nominated or elected other than those 23 

declared to have been nominated or elected, certificates of such 24 

change shall be made as in the case of the original certificate. 25 



— calling, etc., 
of, in Boston 
and certain 
other cities 
and towns. 
1S94, 504, § 12. 
ISDo, .507, § 2. 
1896, 109, § 2. 
1898, 548, § 99. 



PROVISIONS APPLYING TO CAUCUSES OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN BOSTON 
AND CERTAIN CITIES AND TOWNS, 

Section 99. All caucuses of a political party in the city of Bos- 1 

ton for the election of caucus officers, of delegates to any political 2 

convention, of a political committee, or of candidates for any state 3 

or city election, and all such caucuses in any city or town held by 4 

a political party which has therein adopted this and the following 5 

thirty-two sections, or the corresponding provisions of earlier laws, 6 

shall be called and held as hereinafter provided. 7 



1895, 507, § 24. 
1898, 548, § 100 



7ote'onfd°o*')-**^ Section 100. Any city or town committee shall, at the written 
provtsion^* '''' rcquest of fifty voters, members of its party, call caucuses of said 
1894, 504, § 36. partv to determiiic l)y l)allot whether the s})ecial provisions of this 
chapter applying to caucuses of political parties in Boston and cer- 
tain cities and towns shall be adopted by .said political party in the 
city or town. The notice of said caucus shall state the purpose for 
which it is called, the ])lace, the day and the hour, not earlier than 
six o'clock and not later than half-i)ast seven o'clock in the even- 



Chap. 11.] elections. 129 

9 ing, of holding said caucus. It shall be issued at least seven days 

10 prior to the day named therefor, and shall be published at least 

11 twice in one or more local newspapers, if there are any, and shall 

12 be posted in at least five puljlic places in each ward or town. The 

13 polls shall 1)6 kept open at least one hour. If said caucuses shall 

14 vote to adopt said provisions, all caucuses of said political party 

15 in said city or town shall thereafter be called and conducted ac- 

16 cordingly. 

1 Section 101. A political party in a city or town which has caucuses; 

2 accepted said special provisions may, not less than one year after adop*tton of'* 

3 the date of the caucus wherein such provisions were adopted, re- vi'Sons ^'^*^' 

4 voke such action at a caucus called and held in the manner provided HH' ^*' | ft- 

5 in the preceding section. Upon the adoption of said provisions or i89«i 548,' § loi. 

6 upon the revocation of such adoption, the secretary of the city or 

7 town committee of such political party shall, within ten days there- 

8 after, file with the secretary of the commonwealth and with the 

9 clerk of the city or town and the secretary of the state committee 
10 of the political party so voting, a notice thereof. 

1 Section 102. All such caucuses of a political party for the choice —certain, to be 

2 of a political committee in cities, for the choice of candidates for a sameXy!^ 

3 city or town election, and for the choice of delegates to a conven- Isas' 507' 1 3^' 

4 tion to nominate candidates for such election, except caucuses relat- 1^^^' t3 f }h 

ing to a special election, shall be held on the same day m each city 18^9. 346, § 3. 

6 and town. The city or town committee shall fix the days for hold- 

7 ing all caucuses mentioned in this section, and all calls for the same 

8 shall be issued by its chairman and secretary. 

9 No two political parties shall hold their caucuses on the same day. 

10 The party first filing a copy of the call for a caucus with the city 

11 or town clerk, or in Boston with the election commissioners, shall 

12 be entitled to precedence as to the day so fixed. 

1 Section 103. In Boston no caucus for the choice of candidates — timeof hoM. 

2 or of delegates to a convention to nominate candidates for a city e?lcti'onshi"^^ 

3 election, except caucuses relating to special elections, shall be called J|^^°435, §1. 

4 for a date earlier than seven days after the annual state election. i898, 548, § 103. 

1 Section 104. Notices of caucuses in said cities or towns shall 7 notices of, to 

2 state the place where and the day and hour when nomination papers information. 

3 shall be issued ; the place where and the earliest day and hour when 1895,' 4S9,' § il- 

4 such nomination papers may be filed, which time shall be not less i897,^53o,^§ 13. 

5 than twentj^-four week-day hours succeeding three o'clock of the 1901; 249; 1 1?*' 

6 day fixed for issuing such papers ; the place where and the day and 

7 hour prior to which such nomination papers shall be filed ; and the 

8 day on which the several caucuses will be held, and shall be issued 

9 not less than eighteen days prior thereto. 

1 Section 105. At least two weeks prior to the day named for — poiung 

2 a caucus, the chairman or secretary of the city or town committee be^proVideci. ° 

3 shall give notice of such date to the aldermen or to the selectmen, sovf §*!!*' ^ ^^' 

4 or in Boston to the election commissioners, who shall, at least ten isgs^ ws^ § 105. 

5 days prior to such date, notify the city or town committee of the 



130 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



places selected for holding the caucuses, and shall, at the expense 6 

of the city or town, provide polling places, in a city not less than 7 

one for each ward, and furnish them with booths, registering ballot 8 

boxes, guard rails and the like, as they are arranged for state elec- 9 

tions. " " 10 

If twenty-five voters of a ward or of a town shall request in 11 

writing at least twelve days before any caucus of the political party 12 

to which they belong, the aldermen or selectmen shall so arrange 13 

the polling place of such ward or town as to allow voting to pro- 14 

ceed in two or more lines at the caucus. 15 



Caucuses ; 
seven days 
notice of. 
1894, 504, § 14. 
1895,489, §12; 
507, § 5. 

1897, 530, § 13. 

1898, 548, § 106. 



Section 106. At least seven days prior to the day named for a 1 

caucus, the city or town committee shall issue a notice that such 2 

caucus will be held, stating the place, the day and the hour of hold- 3 

ing the same. The hour shall not be earlier than two o'clock in the 4 

afternoon nor later than half-past seven o'clock in the evening. 5 

Notices relative to the filing of nomination papers or for caucuses 6 

shall ])e published at least twice in one or more local newspapers if 7 

there are any. 8 



—blank nomi- Section 107. The citv or town shall provide, and the city or 1 

nation papers _ .'' , , in i i /• 

to be provided, fowu clci'lv or election commissiouers shall seasonably prepare, for 2 

1894, .504, § 22. eacli political party, blank nomination papers for use in the dif- 3 

1898^548^107. fercut wards of the city or in the town. Such papers shall state the 4 

place ^vhere, and the day and hour prior to which, signed nomina- 5 

tion papers shall be filed. On the back of each, sections one 6 

hundred and eight to one hundred and fourteen, inclusive, shall be 7 

printed. They shall be delivered to the chairman or secretary of 8 

the political committee for whose use they have been prepared, and 9 

to no other person. 10 



— nominations 
to be made by 
nomination 
papers. 

1894, 504, § 15. 

1895, 507, § 7. 

1896, 469, ^ 13. 
1898, 171; "548, 
§108. 

1901, 435. 



— signatures. 
163 5Iass. 539. 



— number of 
names 
limited. 

— acceptance. 



Section 108. Xominations of candidates for elective offices, for 1 

delegates to a convention, for caucus officers, and for a ward or 2 

town committee to be voted for at a caucus, shall be made by nom- 3 

ination papers, as hereinafter provided. Such nominations shall 4 

l)e made on the blank nomination papers prepared and delivered in 5 

accordance with the preceding section ; and no nomination paper 6 

oifered for filing; shall be received or shall he valid to which is 7 

attached any card, paper or other device containing the name of 8 

a candidate, his written acceptance, or the signature of any voter 9 

re(juired by this section. Such papers shall be signed in })erson 10 

])y at least five voters of the ward or town in which the caucus 11 

is to be held, who shall be members of the political party holding 12 

the caucus, and who shall add to their signatures the street and 13 

nuinl)er, if any, of their residences. Nomination papers shall not 14 

contain a larger number of names of candidates than there are per- 15 

sons to be elected. No nomination paper oftered for filing shall be 16 

received or be valid unless the written acceptance of every candidate 17 

thereby nominated shall be filed therewith. No vacancy caused by 18 

the death, withdrawal or ineligibility of any of the above candidates 19 

shall be filled in the manner provided by law, unless the person en- 20 

titled to fill such vacancy files the written acceptance of the candi- 21 

date who is nominated to fill the vacancy. 22 



Chap. 11.] elections. 131 

1 Section 109. The nomination paper for an elective office shall -Affirmation 

2 give the name of the candidate, the street and number, if any, of concerning 

3 his residence, and may, in not more than eight words, state his elective offices. 

4 occupation, the public offices he has held, or any other information ml' 507^ I s^' 

5 whereby his identity may be established, and his qualifications for Jgool HI. ^ ^"^^ 

6 the office to be filled, or his position on any public measure. 

7 The nomination paper of a candidate for a caucus office or for a 

8 ward or town committee shall state the street and number, if any, 

9 of his residence. 

10 There may be added to the name of a person proposed as a del- 

11 egate to a convention, a statement of not more than eight words that 

12 he is favorable to, or is pledged to support, or to oppose, any per- 

13 son for an office to be filled, or is favorable to, or opposed to, any 

14 public measure, or is uncommitted. 

15 If, under the provisions of this section, any delegate or set of 

16 delegates is described on a nomination paper as favorable to, or 

17 pledged to support, any person for an office to be filled, such per- 

18 son may, within two week days after the announcement thereof, file 

19 with the secretary of the city or town committee a written request 

20 to have said statement stricken fi'om the nomination paper, and the 

21 secretary shall do the same forthwith, and said nomination paper shall 

22 thereupon be void and of no effect. 

1 Section 110. All nomination papers shall be sealed up and filed ~gjj^^ q"*^ 

2 in the oflSce of the secretary of the city or town committee not less nomination 

3 than ten week days previous to the day on which the caucus is to be 1895, 504, §§ 17, 

4 held for which the nominations are made, and the secretary shall i896f435f|2. 

5 indorse upon them the time at which they are received by him. i^os, 548, § no. 

6 They shall not be opened until the time for their filing has expired, 

7 when the secretary, at his office, shall publicly open them and pub- 

8 licly announce the nominations therein made. 

1 Section 111. The secretary of the city or town committee shall —correction 

*' ', . , 01 errors, etc. 

2 immediately give notice to the person filing the nomination paper iss*. 504, § is. 

3 of any error, irregularity or informality appearing therein, and such isys,' 548^ § iii. 

4 person may, within two week days after the time when the nomina- 

5 tion papers were opened, correct the same, or said secretary may 

6 make such correction. 

1 Section 112. If, in a cit}^, nomination papers placing persons in —nomination 

2 nomination for all the offices to be filled at a caucus in any ward are committee. 

3 not filed, the secretary of the city committee shall forthwith notify 1895,' 507! § 12! 

4 the chairman or secretary of the committee of such ward, who shall ^^^^' ^^» ^ ^^"^* 

5 forthwith call a meeting of said committee, which may nominate can- 

6 didates for all offices for which nomination papers have not been filed, 

7 and shall immediately file with the secretary of the city committee 

8 nomination papers signed by all the members of the committee who 

9 asrree to the nominations therein made. In case of disaijreement 

10 two sets of such nomination papers may be filed. If, at the expira- 

11 tion of two week days after the time at which nomination papers 

12 were opened, proper nomination papers have not been filed for all 

13 the offices to be filled, or upon any vacancy caused by death or other- 

14 wise, except a withdrawal, the chairman and secretary of the city 

15 committee may file nomination papers for such offices or vacancies. 



132 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



C.iiK'uscs; 
noniination 
by town 
committee. 
1S94, 504, § 19. 
1895, 507, § 13. 
1898, 548, § 113. 



Section 113. If, in a town, nomination papers placing persons 1 

in nomination for all the offices to be tilled at a caucus are not tiled, 2 

or upon a v^acancy by death or otherwise, except a withdrawal, the 3 

chairman or secretary of the town committee shall forthwith call a 4 

meeting of said committee, which shall have all the powers relative 5 

to the nomination of candidates conferred in the preceding section G 

upon a ward committee and the chairman and secretary of a city 7 

committee. 8 



— vacancy by 
■withdrawal, 
liow lillcd. 
18il4, 504, § 20. 
1895, 507, § 14. 
1898,548, §114. 
1901, 249, § 2. 



Section 114. A person who is nominated by a nomination 1 

paper may, within forty-eight week-day hours succeeding five 2 

o'clock of the daj^ fixed for opening nomination papers, withdraw 3 

his name from nomination by a request in writing signed by him 4 

with his own hand and filed with the secretary of the city or town 5 

committee. Thereupon, the secretaiy shall immediately give notice 6 

of such withdrawal and of the provisions of this section to the per- 7 

son who filed such nomination paper, and such person may, within 8 

twenty-four week-day hours succeeding five o'clock of the last day 9 

fixed for making withdrawals, present a new name on a nomination 10 

paper signed by himself with his own hand ; otherwise the chairman 11 

and secretaiy of the city or town committee may file nomination 12 

papers for the vacancy. 13 



— nomination 
papers to be 
filed with city 
or town clerk. 

1894, 504, § 21. 

1895, 507, § 15. 
1898, 548, § 115. 



Section 115. Not less than seven week days before the day 1 

upon which the caucuses are to be held and before five o'clock in the 2 

afternoon of the last day, the secretary of each city or town com- 3 

mittee shall deliver to the city or town clerk, or in Boston to the 4 

election commissioners, the nomination papers filed with him. 5 



— correction of 
errors in nom- 
ination papers. 
1896, 435, § 3. 
1898, 548, § 116. 



Section 116. If an error or informality is found in any nomi- 1 

nation paper, it shall l)e forthwith returned to the secretary of the 2 

committee by whom it was filed, for correction ; and if it is not cor- 3 

rected and again filed before five o'clock in the afternoon of the day 4 

following its return to said secretary, it shall be void. 5 



— cities and 
towns to pro- 
vide ballots. 

1894, 504, §§ 23, 
35. 

1895, 507, § 16. 
1S9S, 548, § 117. 



— number of 
ballots. 



— ballots, how 
arranged, etc. 

1894, .504, §§ 23, 
24, 25. 

1895, 507, §§ 16, 
18. 

1897, .530, § 4. 

1898, 548, § 118. 



Section 117. The city or town shall provide and the city or 1 

town clerk, or in Boston the election commissioners, shall })re]^are 2 

ballots to be used in caucuses, in accordance with the provisions 3 

of this chapter, and no other ballots shall be received or counted. 4 

No ballots as herein provided shall be printed in any printing estab- 5 

lishment owned or managed by the city of Boston. (5 

The chairman and secretary of the city or town committee may 7 

determine the number of ballots to be provided for each ward or 8 

town, not exceeding one for each voter therein. If they fail so to 9 

do, the city or town clerk or in Boston the election commissioners, 10 

shall determine the number. At least six facsimile copies of the 11 

l)allot, printed on colored paper, shall l)e provided for each polling 12 

place as specimen l)allots. 13 

Section 118. At the top of each l)all()t shall be ])rinted the 1 

Avords "The official ballot of (here shall follow the party name)." 2 

On the l)ack and outside of each })allot when folded shall be printed 3 

the words "Official ballot of the (here shall be inserted the pai-ty 4 

name)", followed by the number of the ward or the name of the 5 



Chap. 11.] elections. 133 

6 town for which the Imllot is prepared, the date of the caucus and a 

7 facsimile of the signature of the secretary of the political committee. 

8 Names of candidates for each elective office shall be arranged |^!,'not's?how 

9 alphabetically according to their surnames. arranged, etc. 

10 Names of candidates for caucus officers, for ward or town commit- 

11 tees, and for delegates to conventions shall be arranged in groups 

12 in the order in which they are filed. 

13 Against the name of a candidate for a caucus office, for an elective 

14 office, or for a ward or town committee shall be printed the street 

15 and number, if any, of his residence. 

1(3 Against the name of a candidate for an elective office or for a 

1 7 political convention shall be printed the statement contained in the 

18 nomination paper placing him in nomination. 

19 No names shall be printed on a ballot other than those presented 

20 on nomination papers. Immediately following the names of candi- 

21 dates, blank spaces equal to the number of persons to be chosen 

22 shall be provided for the insertion of other names. 

23 The number of persons to be voted for for the different offices 

24 shall be stated on the liallot. 

25 A star (*) against a name shall indicate that a person is a candi- 

26 date for re-election. The form of ballots and the arrangement of 

27 printed matter thereon shall be in general the same as that of the 

28 official state ballots, except as herein otherwise provided. 

1 Section 119. A cross [x] marked against a name shall con — votermay 

2 stitute a vote for the person so designated. A cross in the circle by singte^"^""^ 

3 at the head of an entire group of candidates for delegates to a con- ^94^504, § 25. 

4 vention shall count as a vote for each candidate therein. A voter Isgrl 530! § 1^" 

5 may vote for one or more candidates in any such group by marking i*^^^' ^^> § ^i^- 

6 a cross against the name of each such candidate, or he may insert an- 

7 other name and mark a cross against it. K he votes for more can- 

8 didates than the number to be elected, his vote shall not be counted. 

1 Section 120, The city or town clerk, or in Boston the election —delivery of 

2 commissioners, before the opening of the polls on the day of the polling pial'es. 

3 caucus, shall, at the expense of the city or town, prepare and isg*! 507', § iHi 

4 deliver at the polling i)lace to the warden or, if he is not present, to ^^^^' ^*^' ^ ^-°- 

5 the clerk or, if both are absent, then to any inspector, ballot boxes, 

6 the ballots, specimen ballots, voting lists, suitable blank forms and 

7 apparatus for canvassing and counting the ballots and making the 

8 returns, a seal of suital)le device and a record book for each poll- 

9 ing i)lace. The presiding officer at each polling place shall, before —specimen 

10 the opening of the caucus, conspicuously post in such polling place posted, etc.'' 

11 at least six specimen ballots, which shall be kept so posted until 

12 the polls are closed. 

1 Section 121. Caucuses, except as herein otherwise provided, ^ apply" '""''^ 

2 shall be held in general accordance with the provisions of law for i|9^, 504, § 34. 

3 the conduct of elections and the manner of voting thereat. i898,'548i § 121. 

1 Section 122. The order of business shall be as follows : — -order of 

2 First, Any necessary preliminary business. 1894, 504,'§ 30. 

3 Second, Balloting until half past eight o'clock in the evening, legs; sS; 1 122. 

4 when the polls shall be closed unless the caucus shall vote to keep 



134 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

them open until a later hour ; but every voter waiting in line at 5 

the hour for closing the polls shall be allowed to vote. 6 

Third, After the polls have been closed, any other business which 7 

is properly before the caucus. 8 



Caucuses; SECTION 123. If the right of a person offering; to vote is chal- 1 

challenge of /» i i i • t m ^i h • i • 

votes, etc. leuocd foT aiiv leo'al cause, the presidmo- officer shall require him, 2 

1894 504 $ 31, ^ .^ ..^ , 

1895^ 50:! § 2i'. or some one in his behalf, to write his name and residence on the 3 

' ■ outside of the ballot offered, and before it is received the presiding 4 

officer shall add thereto the name of the person challenging and the 5 

cause alleged for the challenge ; but no caucus officer shall receive 6 

any ballot which by law he is required to refuse. No officer or 7 

other person shall give any information in regard to a ballot cast 8 

by a challenged voter unless required by law so to do. 9 

—counting; of SECTION 124. Immediately after the polls have been declared 1 

1894, oo4, § 33. closed, but not before, the ballots shall be counted in full view of 2 

507!§2'2! '' the voters. AVlien they have been counted and the result has been 3 

1898^ 548,' 1 124. ascei'taiued, the presiding officer shall make pul)lic announcement 4 

1899, 190. thereof in open meeting, and the clerk shall, in open meeting, enter 5 

ill words at length in the record book, the total number of names 6 

checked on the voting list, the total number of ballots cast, the 7 

names of all persons voted for, the number of votes for each person, 8 

and the title of the delegation or office for which he was a candi- 9 

—clerk to date. The clerk shall forthwith make a copy of said record, certify 10 

make copy of . ^ "-. i i • 

record, seal up and scal the same, and transmit it to the city or town clerk, or in 11 

Boston to the election commissioners. He shall then, before the 12 

adjournment of the caucus, and in the presence of those who 13 

counted the same, seal up all ballots cast, with the voting lists 14 

used, and a statement of any challenge which may have been made. 15 

aicunml™^'^* ^^® wardcii and clerk shall indorse upon such package the name 16 

misswnto^ of tlic political party holding the caucus, its date, its purpose, and, 17 

clerk, etc. if in a city, for what ward the l)allots were cast. The Avarden shall 18 

forthwith transmit, by the officer detailed to attend the caucus, to 19 

the city or town clerk, or in Boston to the election commissioners, 20 

the Ijallots cast, the voting lists, the ballot boxes, the ballot box 21 

seals, the counting apparatus, the copy of the records, and the 22 

record book. 23 

of^baUot8,^*^°° The city or town clerk or election commissioners shall safely 24 

lists, keep such sealed packages for ten days. If within said time ten 25 

voters entitled to vote in said caucus file with them a written re- 26 

quest so to do, they shall i)reserve said l)allots and voting lists 27 

for three months and shall produce them if required by any court 28 

or convention having jurisdiction or authority over the same. 29 

ai.puraft"^* '^*' Section 125. The cit}^ or town clerk, and in Boston the clec- 1 

i89s' .548' I i->o ^^^'^ commissioners, upon written application, signed by at least 2 

i90i;265'. " ■ ten voters of a ward or town, for a cop}^ of a list as checked, may 3 

open the envelope containing the voting list used at any caucus in 4 

such Avard or town and shall furnish to them a certified copy 5 

thereof as checked. 6 

bauX"*"^ Section 126. If before five o'clock in the afternoon of the 1 

1S95, 5or, § 23. second day next succeeding the day of any caucus, ten or more 2 



Totm 
etc. 



Chap. 11.] ELECTioisrs. 135 

3 voters of any town or ward shall si2:n, adding thereto their re- is96, 435, §4. 

4 spective residences on the first day of May of that year, and file lyus,' ms,' 1 126. 

5 with the city or town clerk, or in Boston with the election commis- loJfMfss.yi. 

6 sioners, a statement under oath that the records and returns made 

7 by the caucus officers of such town or ward are erroneous, specifying 

8 the error, or that challenged votes were cast by persons not entitled 

9 to vote therein, said city or town clerk shall forthwith transmit such 

10 statement to the registrars of voters with the sealed packages con- 

11 taining the ballots and voting lists, and said registrars or election 

12 commissioners shall give notice in writing to the person affected, 

13 fixing a place and time, as early as may be, at which said ballots 

14 will be recounted and at such place and time shall open the pack- 

15 ages containing the ballots and voting lists and recount said ballots 

16 and determine the questions raised, and shall reject any challenged 

17 vote cast by a person found not to have been entitled to vote ; and 

18 such recount shall stand as the true result of the vote cast in such 

19 caucus. Each candidate affected may l^e present during such re- 

20 count, or may be represented by an agent appointed by him in 

21 writing. If it shall appear upon a recount that persons were nom- 

22 inated or elected other than those declared to have been nominated 

23 or elected, certificates of such change shall be made as in the case 

24 of the orioinal certificate. 

1 Section 127. At the caucus held for the choice of delegates to caucuses; 

2 the state convention there shall be chosen annually a warden, a oath^^dutfesT' 

3 clerk, and at least five inspectors, and, in wards having more than f^^^ 504, §§27- 

4 five precincts, such additional inspectors as the city committee of 29^. g^, ^e- 

5 the political party whose caucuses are to be held may determine. 2*; 

6 They shall he voters of the ward or town in which they are elected 1897,' 530! § 24. 

7 and members of the political party whose caucus is to be held. ' 

8 No person shall be eligible to the position of warden or clerk or 

9 inspector who is a state, county or city employee, or who is a mem- 

10 ber of a ward or town committee, and no person shall serve as a 

11 caucus ofiicer at any caucus wherein he is a candidate for a nomina- 

12 ti on to an elective ofiice, or forward or town committee. Every 

13 caucus ofiicer shall hold ofiice for one year, 1)eginning with the 

14 first day of October succeeding his election, and until his suc- 

15 cesser is elected. He shall, l)efore entering upon the performance 

16 of his duties, be sworn to the faithful performance thereof by the 

17 warden, clerk, or a justice of the peace, and a record of such oath 

18 shall be made upon the record book of such caucus. The respec- 

19 tive duties of caucus oificers shall be in general the same as are 

20 required of election ofiicers at elections. 

1 Section 128. If prior to the third day preceding a caucus of a —additional 

2 political party in the city of Boston fifty voters entitled to par- Boston. 

3 ticipate therein petition the board of election commissioners for 1895', 489 J li- 

4 additional caucus officers, said board shall provide additional offi- ises^ ilsj 1 128. 

5 cers for said caucus in the following manner : every elective can- 

6 didate and every person filing a nomination paper for a delegation 

7 may present to said board the names of not exceeding four per- 

8 sons. From these names said board shall, in the presence of those 

9 presenting said names, draw the names of five persons who shall 
10 be admitted behind the guard rail during the caucus, shall be au- 



136 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

thorized to supervise the checking of names and the conduct of 11 

the caucus in general, and may witness the count at the close of 12 

the caucus. 13 

femporaiy SECTION 129. A majority of the caucus officers present at a 1 

1894*504 «'2s caucus, may fill temporary vacancies and elect additional officers 2 

i895i 507,' § 28. to sci'vc ill that caucus only. Such temporary officers shall be duly 3 

1898^ 548^ § 129. swom. Permanent vacancies shall be tilled by a majority vote of 4 

all the caucus officers. 5 



^om'ce?sfof* Section 130. A city or town committee of a political party 1 

first caucus, adopting the special provisions of this chapter applying to caucuses 2 

1898,' 548^ § 130. ill Bostoii aud certain cities and towns shall, at least ten days 3 

before holding any caucus thereunder, appoint caucus officers in 4 

each ward or town to serve at the tirst caucus to be held there- 5 

after. 6 

fli-straucu*s!'^ Section 131. In a newly incorporated city, or upon a re-di- 1 

iucnji-pmated visioii iiito wards of a city to which the provisions of said sections 2 

divisioni^nto ^PP^y' ^^^^ caucus officcrs to sci'vc ill the caucuses held in the next 3 

^jj^**?:_ „„ succeeding year shall he appointed liy the city committee ; and at 4 

1896', 4G9', § 14! such caucuses the reo-ular caucus officers shall be chosen. 5 

1898, 548, § 131. '^ 

PROVISIONS APPLYING TO CAUCUSES OTHER THAN THOSE OF 
POLITICAL PARTIES. 

hlation°ot" SECTION 132. A caucus of the voters, or of a specified portion 1 

stiectfoTof thereof in a ward of a city, or in a town, may be called and held for 2 

TRss^ri^ss^f ■" ^^^^ nomination of candidates to be voted for at any city election, or 3 

i889| 4i3| §§ 3,' 4! at any election of town officers for which official ballots are used, 4 

436, '§6.' ' or for the selection of delegates to a convention, or for the appoint- 5 

1898,' 548,' § 132. uiciit of a committce. A like caucus in any representative district 6 

[f opI^A." G.*^' niay be held for the nomination of a candidate for representative in 7 

^'^•1 the general court ; liut otherwise no nomination of a candidate to be 8 

voted for in an electoral district or division containing more than 9 

one town or more than one ward of a city shall be made by a caucus. 10 

The proceedings of such caucuses shall be invalid unless at least 11 

twenty-five voters participate and vote therein. Except as pro- 12 

vided in this section, no caucus or meeting other than those of polit- 13 

ical parties shall l)e entitled to nominate a candidate whose name 14 

shall 1)6 placed on the official ballot, or to select delegates to a polit- 15 

ical convention for the nomination of a candidate whose name shall 16 

be placed on such ballot. 17 

—notice for, SECTION 133. The iioticc for a caucus under the preceding sec- 1 

1888, 441, §2. tion shall be written or printed, shall state the place where, and the 2 

1S93 417 ^ 72. i . . 

1894' 504' § 7. ' day and hour when, said caucus is to be held, shall be issued at 3 

1898^ 548* § 133. Icast scvcii days prior thereto, and shall l)e cons])icuously posted in 4 

1899, 329, §5. .^^ least fivc placcs on lines of public travel, and, if practicable, in 5 

every post office within the city or town, or shall be published at 6 

least twice in one or more local newspa})ers. Said notice shall be 7 

signed 'by one or more voters of the ward, toAvn or district for 8 

which the caucus is called, and shall designate ])y name or office 9 

the person who shall call such caucus to order, and he shall pre- 10 



Chap. 11.] elections. 137 

11 side until a chairman is chosen. In his absence, the caucus may 

12 choose a temporary chairman. The lirst liusiness in order shall he caucuses; 

13 the organization of the caucus by the choice of a chairman, a sec- orgfimzation. 

14 retary, and such other officers as the meeting may require. The 

15 persons receiving the highest number of votes shall be declared 

16 elected or nominated. The caucus may adopt regulations not in- 

17 consistent with this chapter. 

1 Section 134. Upon the written request of ten or more voters —candidates 

2 present at a caucus and entitled to vote therein, presented by baiiouipcfn ^^ 

3 motion or otherwise to the presiding officer for the time being, at quest^'etc!' 

4 any time before the choice of the officer to which it relates, any JIjI ti?; § Is. 

5 candidate, delegate or member of a political committee, and unless isas. 548, § m. 

6 the caucus votes otherwise, the chairman of the caucus, shall be 

7 elected l)y ballot. In balloting, the voting lists furnished under 

8 section sixtv-seven shall he used as check lists. 

1 Section 135. The secretary of a caucus held under the pro — preservation 

2 visions of the three preceding sections shall, at the request in writing voting: usts. 

3 of ten voters entitled to vote in the caucus, preserve all ballots cast isas! ti?; | vi. 

4 and voting lists used therein for thi-ee months, and shall produce ^^^^' '^^' ^ ^^^' 

5 the same if required by any court, board, convention or other tri- 

6 bunal having jurisdiction thereof. 

nomination of candidates. 

1 Section 136. A convention of delegates or a caucus held in Nomination of 

2 accordance with the provisions of this chapter for the common- caucis'^or" '^ 

3 w^ealth, or for a district, county, city, town or ward may make one 1888I436! §§ 2, 3. 

4 nomination for each office to be tilled at an election therein, and shall iggo'ls^' fe' 

5 l)e entitled to have the names of its candidates placed upon the jgg?' 323' ^ ^^* 

6 official ballot upon filing a certificate of nomination as hereinafter i898! 548,' §i36. 

7 provided. A party may make a nomination for an office to be 388.] ' 

8 tilled by election in the commonwealth, or in any district, county, 

9 city, town or ward, when at the five preceding annual elections 

10 it polled in the commonwealth, or in such district, county, city, 

11 town or ward, respectively, a number of votes for governor equal 

12 to the votes required to nominate by nomination papers a candi- 

13 date for the office so to be filled. 

1 Section 137. Nomination papers of candidates for senator or -0/ senators 

<lll(l GiGCtiOll 01 

2 member of the state committee for each of the Suffolk senatorial state com. 

3 districts, to be nominated or elected by a political party, shall be suifoiksena. 

4 signed by at least five registered voters of each ward and of each igJT'i^iffi-*^' 

5 town in the district in which nomination papers are required who 

6 shall be members of the political party holding the caucus. Such 

7 candidate for senator shall be nominated and such member shall be 

8 elected by direct plurality vote in caucuses of the party held in 

9 every such ward and town, and the person wdio in the aggregate of 

10 all the ballots cast at all such caucuses in each district for such can- 

11 didate for senator shall receive the highest number of such ^ votes 

12 shall be the candidate nominated, and the person who in the aggre- 

13 gate of all the ballots cast at all such caucuses in each district for 

14 such member shall receive the highest number of such votes shall 



138 



ELECTIONS. 



[ClIAP. 11. 



be the member elected. The nomination paper of a candidate for 15 

member of a state conmiittee shall state the street and number, 16 

if any, of his residence, and against the name of such candidate shall 17 

be printed on the ballot the street and number, if any, of his resi- 18 

dence. 19 



Suffolk 
senatorial 
distTicts ; 
returning, 
canvassing 
and notifying 
nominations 
;ind elections. 
1901, 402, § 2. 



Section 138. All such ballots, except those cast in the city of 1 

Chelsea, in the towns of Revere and Winthrop and in ward three 2 

in the city of Cambridge, and returns of the results of such ballots 3 

cast in all said districts, except as aforesaid, shall forthwith be 4 

returned to the election commissioners of the city of Boston, as 5 

ballots cast in elections in said cit}^ and returns relative thereto are 6 

returned ; and the clerks of the several caucuses in the city of 7 

Chelsea, in the towns of Revere and AVinthrop and in ward three 8 

in the city of Cambridge shall make returns of the results of such 9 

ballots cast in said city, towns and ward, to the city and town clerks 10 

of theh' respective cities and towns on or before twelve o'clock, 11 

noon, of the day following the last day fixed by law for filing a pe- 12 

tition for a recount of ballots, if no such petition has been filed, or, 13 

if such petition has been filed, on or before twelve o'clock, noon, 14 

of the day following the day upon which the ballots have been re- 15 

counted and the results finally determined. For the purpose of 16 

tabulating and determining the results of all such ballots and returns 17 

in the several Sutiblk districts the chairman of the election commis- 18 

sioners of the city of Boston, the city clerk of the city of Chelsea, 19 

and the town clerks of the towns of Revere and Winthrop, shall 20 

constitute a canvassing board for the first district ; the election com- 21 

missioners of the city of Boston and the city clerk of the city of 22 

Cambridge shall constitute such board for the second district ; and 23 

the election commissioners of the city of Boston shall constitute 24 

such board for the remaining districts. Said canvassing boards 25 

shall meet for such purpose at the office of the election commission- 26 

ers in Boston at ten o'clock in the forenoon of the Monday preced- 27 

ing the day on wdiich certificates of nomination for senator are 28 

required by law to be filed with the secretary of the common- 29 

wealth. Said canvassing boards shall tabulate and determine the 30 

results of all such ballots and returns, and each canvassing board 31 

shall certify to the facts required by law in certificates of nomination 32 

for senator, and shall file such certificates with the secretary of the 33 

commonwealth on or before the Thursday provided by law for filing 34 

such certificates of nomination, shall furnish to the members elected 35 

as aforesaid certificates of their election, and shall send to the secre- 36 

tary of the state committee of each political party holding such 37 

caucuses the names and residences of such members. The secretary 38 

of the commonwealth shall place on the ofiicial ballots to be used at 39 

state elections the names of all candidates for senator nominated as 40 

aforesaid. 41 



— general pro- 
visions appli- 
cable. 
1901, 402, § 3. 



Section 139. All provisions of law relative to the preparation 1 

of nomination papers and ballots, to caucuses and elections, to 2 

l)allots cast at caucuses and elections, to recounts of such ballots, 3 

and to certificates of nomination of candidates for senator, shall, so 4 

far as they are applicable and not inconsistent with the ])rovisions 5 

of the two preceding sections, apply to the caucuses therein named, 6 



Chap. 11.] elections. 139 

7 the ballots cast thereat, the returns relative to such ballots, the 

8 recounts of such ballots, and the certificates of nomination made as 

9 aforesaid. 

1 Section 140. No convention to nominate candidates for any conventions; 

2 state or city office shall be called for or held on a date earlier than ited. ' 

S four days after the holding of the caucuses for the choice of dele- it^l sJ' §§ 87, 

4 gates thereto, and all such conventions shall be called for and held Hjg^ j^g. 34^^ 

5 on a date not later than forty-eight hours prior to the hour for filing fy^^ ^^^ 

6 certificates of nomination as provided in section one hundred and 

7 forty-eight. 

8 No representative convention shall be called for or held on a 

9 date earlier than seven days after the date designated for holding 

10 caucuses by the state committee of the political party whose repre- 

11 sentative convention is to be held. 

1 Section 141. At a political convention not held for the nom- —nomination 

2 ination of candidates for any offices to be filled by all the voters of byjoii caii. 

3 the commonwealth, by vote of one fourth of the delegates present isos; 191'; slsj 

4 the nomination of any candidate shall l)e made by roll call in the ^ ^^*' 

5 following manner : the secretary of the convention shall call the 

6 roll of the towns and cities in alphabetical order or of wards in 

7 a city in numerical order, and each delegate shall, as his name is 

8 called, state in the hearing of the convention the name of the can- 

9 didate for whom he desires to vote, and the person receiving a 

10 majority of votes on such roll call shall be the candidate of the con- 

11 vention. 

1 Section 142. Every certificate of nomination shall state such nomination*^/ 

2 facts as are required liy section one hundred and forty-six and shall na?ure*and^' 

3 be signed by the presiding officer and ])y the secretary of the conven- oath of oiBcers. 

4 tion or caucus, who shall add to their signatures their residences, i89o', ssei § 5! 

5 and shall make oath to the truth thereof. The secretary of the isgsl 548^ § 139. 

6 convention or caucus shall within the seventy-two hours succeeding 

7 five o'clock in the afternoon of the day upon which the convention 
S or caucus was held and within the time specified in section one 
9 hundred and forty-eight, file such certificate as hereinafter provided. 

1 Section 143. Nominations of candidates for any offices to be Nomination 

2 filled by all the voters of the commonwealth may be made by nomi- ber ot^signa-" 

3 nation papers, stating the facts required by section one hundred and isslfise, §4. 

4 forty-six and signed in the aggregate by not less than one thousand If^'^ ^^^' | f 

5 voters for each candidate. Nominations of all other candidates for J|y|'^Hil^ 

6 offices to be filled at a state election, and of all candidates for offices i59kass. 488. 

7 to be filled at a city election, may be made by like nomination 

8 papers, signed in the aggregate, for each candidate, by one voter 

9 for every one hundred votes cast for governor at the preceding 

10 annual state election in the electoral district or division for which 

11 the officers are to be elected, but in no case by less than fifty 

12 qualified voters. Nomination of candidates for offices to be filled 

13 at a town election may be made by nomination papers, signed by 

14 at least one voter for every fifty votes polled for governor at the 

1 5 preceding annual state election in such town, but in no case by less 
10 than twenty voters. At a first election to be held in a newly 



uo 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



established ward of a city, the nuinl)er of voters upon a nomina- 17 

tion paper of a candidate who is to be voted for only in such ward 18 

need not exceed lifty ; and at a first election in a town the number 19 

for the nomination of a candidate who is to be voted for only in 20 

such town need not exceed twenty. 21 



Nomination 
papers; signa- 
ture of voter, 
etc. 

1S89, 413, § 4. 
1890, 386, §4; 
436, §§ 1, 10. 
1893, 417, § 78. 

1895, 262, § 1. 

1896, 469, § 5. 
1898, 548, § 141. 
163 Mass. 539. 



— magistrate 
to ascertain 
identity of 
persons mak- 
ing oath to. 
1895, 237, § 1. 



9 
10 
11 

12 



Section 144. Every voter who signs a nomination paper shall 
sign it in person, v/ith his full surname, his Christian name and 
the initial of every other name which he may have, and shall add 
his residence, with the street and number thereof, if any, to his 
signature ; 1)ut any voter who is prevented by a physical disability 
from writing or who had the right to vote on the first day of May 
in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, may authorize some 
person to write his name and residence in his presence ; and every 
voter may sign as many nomination papers for each office to l)e 
filled as there are persons to be elected thereto, and no more. 
Women who are qualified to vote may sign nomination papers for 
candidates for the school committee. Every nomination paper 
shall, liefore being filed, be seasonably submitted to the registrars 13 
of the city or town in which the signers appear to be voters, and 14 
in Boston to the election commissioners, who shall forthwith certify 15 
thereon the number of signatures which are names of voters both 16 
in the city or town and in the district or division for which the 17 
nomination is made. They need not certify a greater number of 18 
names than are required to make a nomination, with one fifth of 19 
such number added thereto. Names not certified in the first in- 
stance shall not thereafter be certified on the same nomination 
papers. The secretary of the commonwealth shall not be required 
in any case to file nomination papers for a candidate after filing 
such papers containing a sutficient number of certified names to 24 
make a nomination, with one fifth of such number added thereto. 25 
One of the signers to each nomination paper shall make oath to the 
truth of the statements therein, and the certification of such oath 
and the post oifice address of the signer shall be annexed to such 
paper. 



20 
21 

22 
23 



26 

27 
28 
29 



Section 145. A notary public, justice of the peace or other 1 

magistrate, when taking the oath of a signer of a nomination paper, 2 

shall satisfy himself that the person to Avhom the oath is administered 3 

is the person signing such nomination paper, and shall so state in 4 

his attestation of said oath. isos, 548, § 142. 5 



Contents of 
certificates 
and papers. 

1888, 436, § 5. 

1889, 413, § 5. 
1890,386, §5; 
436, § 2. 
1891, 269. 
1893, 417, § 79. 
1896, 469, § 6. 
1898, 548, § 143. 



Section 146. All certificates of nomination and nomination 1 

papers shall, in addition to the names of candidates, specify as to 2 

each : ( 1 ) his residence with street and number thereof, if any ; 3 

(2) the office for which he is nominated ; and (3), except as here- 4 

inafter provided, the party or })olitical principle which he repre- 5 

sents, expressed in not more than three words. Certificates of 6 

nomination shall also state what provision, if any, was made by 7 

the caucus or convention for filling vacancies caused by the death, 8 

withdrawal or ineligibility of candidates. The names of the candi- 9 

dates for president and vice president of the United States may be 10 

added to the party or political designation of the candidates for 11 

presidential electors. To the name of each candidate for the office 12 



Chap. 11.] elections. 141 

13 of alderman at large shall be added the number of the ward in which 

14 he resides. 

15 If a candidate is nominated otherwise than by a political party, Political desig. 

16 the name of a political party shall not be used in his political desig- didatesin ' 

17 nation, except as descril)ing and preceding some other name or term *^®^ am cases. 

18 which shall not be the name of any party which cast at the last pre- 

1 9 ceding election more than three thousand votes for governor ; and 

20 if so used in case of a candidate nominated by a nomination paper, 

21 the political designation shall consist of not more than two words, 

22 shall not be changed after having been placed upon the paper, and 

23 to it shall be added the words "nomination paper," or, as abbre- 

24 viated, " nom. paper." Certificates of nomination and nomination 

25 papers for town offices may or may not include a designation of the 

26 party or principle which the candidate represents. 

1 Section 147. Certificates of nomination and nomination papers where and by 

2 for state offices shall be filed with the secretary of the common- Mte"aMnom- 

3 wealth ; and for city and town offices, with the city or town clerk ; etc^'arVtoi^^^^ 

4 and in Boston, with the election commissioners. Every nomination f^l^'/gg'^-g g. 

5 paper shall be filed by a responsible person, who shall with his own i^^jj^ ^is! § e. 

6 hand sign such paper and add to his signature his place of residence, 436, §3. ' 

7 giving street and numljer, if any ; and the secretary of the com- isysi 349"; 417, 

8 mon wealth or the city or town clerk, or, in Boston, the election i895!'2C2, § 2. 

9 commissioners, shall require a satisfactory identification of such i8'«*8, 548, § 144. 

10 person. No nomination paper shall be received or be valid unless 

11 the written acceptance of the candidate thereby nominated shall be 

12 filed therewith. 

1 Section 148. Certificates of nomination for offices to be filled by rinai days for 

2 all the voters of the commonwealth shall be filed on or before the fifth catef of nomi. 

3 Monday, and nomination papers on or before the fourth Monday, nom'ina'tfon 

4 preceding the day of the election. Certificates of nomination for fd^^^^iggg 

5 all other candidates for offices to l)e filled at a state election shall be J^^o,' 436; § 3. 

6 filed on or before the third Thursday, and nomination papers, on or J^^^' |J|' ^ ^^• 

7 before the third Friday, preceding the day of the election ; but if there isos,' 548; § us. 

8 is a special election to fill any state office, certificates of nomination —special 

9 shall be filed on or before the twelfth day, and nomination papers, i893,35i.' 

10 on or before the eleventh day, preceding the day of such election. 

11 In cities, except Boston, certificates of nomination for city offices —in cities, 

12 shall he filed on or before the third Monday, and nomination papers, 1901! m. °^ "'^^ 

13 on or before the second Wednesday, preceding the day of the election. 

14 In Boston, certificates of nomination for city offices shall be filed -^"^ Boston. 

15 on or before the third Friday, and nomination papers, on or before 

16 the third Saturday, preceding the day of the election. 

17 In towns, certificates of nomination for town offices shall be filed iig?, Ise^^^e. 

18 on or before the second Saturday, and nomination papers, onori897, 91. 

19 before the Monday, preceding the day of the election ; but if such 

20 Saturday falls on a legal holiday, said certificates of nomination 

21 shall be filed on or before the preceding day, and if such Monday 

22 fiills on a legal holiday, said nomination papers shall be filed on or 

23 ]>efore the succeeding day ; l^ut if a town election is held on a 

24 day of the week other than Monday, such certificates of nomination 

25 and nomination papers shall be filed respectively on or before the 

26 ninth and seventh da3\s preceding the day of the election. 



142 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

|'j?^y^°^^'" *•''■ Certificates of nomination and nomination papers shall be filed 27 

Jon?'-P'Jo^' before five o'clock in the afternoon of the last day fixed for the 28 

1891, /4, § 2. •^ 

1893, 417, § 83. filnio' thereof. 29 

Nominations SECTION 149. When Certificates of nomination and nomination 1 

to be deemed /> i i i • • • 

valid unless papers have been filed, and are in apparent conformity with law, 2 

1888,436, §7. ' they shall be valid unless objections thereto are made in writing. 3 

1890,' 386,' § e'; Such objections to nominations of candidates for state offices and 4 

1893,^417, § So. city ofiices shall be filed with the secretary of the commonwealth or 5 

1898, 548, § 146. ^j^^ ^j^y clerk, or in Boston, the election commissioners, respectively, 6 

within the seventy-two hours succeeding five o'clock of the last 7 

day fixed for the filing of nomination papers for such office. Such 8 

olvjections to nominations of candidates for town offices shall be 9 

filed with the town clerk within the twenty-four hours succeeding 10 

five o'clock of the last day fixed for the filing of nomination papers 11 

for such office. 12 

Consideration SECTION 150. Obiectioiis to Certificates of nomination and nomi- 1 

of objections. . /./v ini • ^ • cl 

1889, 413, §7. nation papers lor state offices, and all other questions relating 2 

1890 S86 §6' .• 

436, §5.' ' thereto, shall be considered by the state ballot law commission ; to 3 

189-2; 406^ § 1. nominations for city offices, except in Boston, by the board of regis- 4 

93^|'4*^^' ^^ ^^' trars, the city clerk and the city solicitor; in Boston, by the ballot 5 

1896' 383' §§ 3 4 l^w couimission of Said city ; and to nominations for town offices, 6 

}?3 ^?' f P- by the board of registrars. 7 

1900, 231, §l-'^rniii ^ . -, . . . -, ,. o 

Ihe boards constituted in cities and towns may, at hearings on 8 

such objections and questions, summon witnesses, administer oaths 9 

and rc(|uire the production of books and papers. Such witnesses 10 

shall be summoned in the same manner, be paid the same fees, and 11 

be subject to the same penalties for default, as witnesses before the 12 

superior court. A summons may be signed, and an oath may be 13 

administered by any memlier of such board, and the decision of a 14 

majority of the meml^ers thereof shall be final. 15 

When such objection has been filed, notice thereof shall be forth- 16 

fluS™of oi/ec ^ith mailed by the secretary of the commonwealth, or by the city 17 

tionf or town clerk, or election commissioners, respectively, to the can- 18 

didates affected thereby, addressed to their residences as given 19 

in the certificates of nomination or nomination papers, and to any 20 

party committee interested in the nomination to which objection is 21 

made. 22 

?/dahiis^t"°° ^^ more candidates bearing the same political or other designation 23 

nation^*^^'"' ^^^ nominated for an office, otherwise than by nomination papers, 24 

1891, 270. than are to be elected thereto, such boards shall determine the can- 25 

didates, if any, entitled to such designation. 26 

!?rnanK^M)'f Section 151. A pci'sou nominated as a candidate for any state 1 

'iss^'if'i'/'s'^s ^^' ^^^y office may withdraw his name from nomination by a request 2 



Xotice to 
candidates and 



in writing signed by him and acknowledged before a justice of the 3 

i.s9i; i.-m! ' peace and filed with the officer with whom the nomination was filed, 4 

1898^ 548, § 148. witliiii the seveuty-two hours succeeding five o'clock of the last day 5 

fixed for the filing of nomination ])a]^ers for such office. A person 6 

nominated for a town office may withdraw his name from nomina- 7 

tion by a like request filed with the town clerk within the twenty- 8 

four hours succeeding five o'clock of the last day fixed for the filing 9 

of nomination papers for such oflice. 10 



Chap. 11.] elections. 143 

1 Section 152. If a candidate nominated for a state, city or town Nomination to 

2 office dies before the day of election, withdraws his name from nom- ^lulef "by '"^^ 

3 ination, or is found ineligible, the vacancy may be filled by the ^rawuf ^"'^" 

4 same political party or persons who made the original nomination, ^895' 278'^*" 

5 and in the same manner ; or, if the time is insufficient therefor, the i^^s! m, § 87. 

6 vacancy may be filled, if the nomination was made bv a convention i896i469, §7! 

n -1 ^1 X- 1 1898, 548, § 149. 

7 or caucus, in such manner as the convention or caucus may have 

8 prescribed, or, if no such provision has been made, by a regularly 

9 elected general or executive committee representing the political 

10 party or persons who held such convention or caucus. If a vacancy 

11 is caused by withdrawal, certificates of nomination made otherwise 

12 than in the original manner shall be filed within seventy-two hours 

13 succeeding five o'clock of the last day fixed for filing withdrawals. 

14 They shall be open to objection in the same manner, as far as practi- 

15 cal)le, as other certificates of nomination. No vacancy caused by 

16 withdrawal shall be filled before the withdrawal has been filed. 

1 Section 153. When a nomination is made to fill a vacancy certificate of 

2 caused by the death, withdrawal or ineligibility of a candidate, the forTacanTy. 

3 certificate of nomination shall, in addition to the other facts required, \l^' ^| ^ *• 

4 state the name of the original nominee, the fact of his death, with- J^^?' tJI' f ?°- 

-,,...•1." . 1890, ioo, § 1. 

5 drawal or ineligibility, and the proceedings had for filling the va- i898, 548, § 150. 

6 cancy ; and the presiding officer and secretary of the convention or 

7 caucus, or the chairman and secretary of an authorized committee, 

8 shall sign and make oath to the truth of the certificate, and it shall 

9 be accompanied by the written acceptance of the candidate nom- 
10 inated. 

1 Section 154. Certificates of nomination, nomination papers, certiflcates of 

2 objections thereto and withdrawals, when filed, shall, under proper open to pubuc 

3 regulations, ))e open to public inspection, and the secretary of the p^reservation, 

4 commonwealth and the several city and town clerks, and in Boston ^*^g ^gg .g 

5 the election commissioners, shall preserve the same in their respec- J^^Mil'f^ 

n !• tv £• 1890, d8b, §6; 

b tive offices tor one year. 1893, 417, § 88. i898, 548, § 151. 436, § 8. 

1 Section 155. The secretary of the commonwealth shall, upon Forms for 

2 application, provide blank forms for the nomination of candidates tobeprovfded. 

3 for all state offices ; and he shall send blank forms for certificates \fgl'^ ffH; 1 15 

4 of nomination for the office of representative in the general court to ^'^^^' ^^' § i^'^- 

5 the clerk of each city and town for the use of any caucus or conven- 

6 tion held therein for the nomination of candidates for that office. 

7 He shall likewise provide the clerks of towns wherein official ballots 

8 are used with blank forms for the nomination of candidates for town 

9 offices. 

state ballot law commission. 

1 Section 156. There shall be a state ballot law commission con- state baiiot 

2 sisting of three persons, one of whom shall annually in June or July efonf'^'"'^"^" 

3 be appointed l^y the governor with the advice and consent of the Jsgoi 386,' § e'; 

4 council, for a term of three years from the succeeding first day of if^^4(;e ^^ 

5 August. The governor with the advice and consent of the council i^rg's^s'lf' 

6 may remove any member of the commission, or fill any vacancy i898,' 548^ § 153. 

7 therein for the remainder of the unexpired term. There shall 559.]^' 



lU 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



state ballot 
law conimls- 
siou; quali- 
flcations of 
members. 
1896, 383, § 2. 
189S, 548, § 154. 



always be on said commission a member of each of the two leading 8 

political parties. 9 

Section 157. No member of said commission shall hold any 1 

public office except that of justice of the peace or notary public, or 2 

be a candidate for pul)lic office, or member or employee of any 3 

political committee. If any member of the commission shall be 4 

nominated as a candidate for pul)lic office and shall not in writing 5 

decline said nomination within three days, he shall be deemed to 6 

have vacated his office as a member of said commission. 7 



— powers of. 

1892, 406, § 1. 

1893, 417, § 93- 
1896, 383, § 3. 
1898, 548, § 155. 



Section 158. The state ballot law commission may summon 1 

witnesses, and administer to them oaths, and may require the pro- 2 

duction of books and papers at a hearing before it upon any matter 3 

wdthin its jurisdiction. Witnesses shall be summoned in the same 4 

manner, be paid the same fees, and be subject to the same penalties 5 

as witnesses summoned before the general court. A summons may 6 

be signed and an oath may be administered by any member of said 7 

commission. 8 



— decision to 
be final. 
1892, 406, § 1. 



Section 159. The decision of a majority of the members of the 1 
commission upon any matter wdthin its jurisdiction shall be final. 2 

1893, 417, § 94. 1896, 3S3, § 4. 1S98, 548, § 156. 



— compensa- 
tion. 

1892, 406, § 1. 

1893, 417, § 95. 
1896, 383, § 5. 
1898, 548, § 157 



Section 160. The members of the state l)allot law commission 1 

shall each be paid such compensation for their services, not exceed- 2 

ing five hundred dollars annually, as the governor and council may 3 

determine ; and the total expenditures by and on account of said 4 

commission shall not exceed the sum of two thousand dollars in any 5 

one year. 6 



Wards, new 

division of 

cities into. 

1865, 7. 

P. S. 28, §§ 14- 

16. 

1888, 437, §§ 1, 4. 

1893, 417, § 96. 

1898, 548, § 158. 



WARDS AND VOTING PRECINCTS. 

Section 161. A city may, in the year nineteen hundred and 1 

five, and in every tenth year thereafter, before the first day of May, 2 

by vote of its city council, make a new division of its territory into 3 

such numl^er of wards as may be fixed by law. The l)oundaries of 4 

such wards shall be so arranged that the wards shall contain, as 5 

nearly as can be ascertained and as may be consistent with well- 6 

defined limits to each ward, an equal numl)er of voters. The city 7 

clerk shall forthwith give notice in writing to the secretary of the 8 

commonwealth of the number and desio^nations of the wards so 9 

established. 10 



Votinji pre- 
cincts; desig. 
nation, divi- 
sion, etc. 
1884, 299, § 3. 
1890, 423, § 69. 
1893, 417, § 97. 
18!«>, 244. 
1898, 548, § 159. 



Section 162. Each city shall be divided into convenient voting 1 

precincts, designated by numbers or letters and containing not more 2 

than one thousand voters. 3 

Every w^ard containing, according to the registration of voters at 4 

the preceding annual city election, one thousand or less voters shall 5 

constitute a voting ])recinct. If a ward contains, according to such 6 

registration, more than five hundred voters, the aldermen may, and 7 

if it contains more than one thousand voters, shall, on or before 8 

the first Monday of July, divide it into two or more voting pre- 9 

cincts. If a voting precinct shall, in any year, according to such 10 



Chap. 11.] elections. 145 

11 registration, contain more than one thousand voters, the alder- 

12 men shall in like manner either divide such precinct into two or 

13 more voting precincts or shall make a new division of the ward 

14 into voting precincts, so that no i)recinct shall contain more than 

15 one thousand voters. Such precincts shall be so established as to 

16 contain, as nearly as may be, an equal number of voters, shall con- 

17 sist of compact and contiguous territory entirely within one ward, 

18 and be bounded, so far as possible, by the centre line of known 

19 streets or ways or by other well-defined limits. 

1 Section 163. On or before the first Monday of July in the voting pre- 

2 year of a re-division of a city into wards, the aldermen shall divide new division 

3 such city into voting precincts, conformably to the provisions of the 1*8841 299f§ 3. 

4 preceding section. i893, 417, § 9s. isos, 548, § leo. \l^'^ flgj | ^g^ 

1 Section 164. For all elections in the year of a re-division of nne^tocon^** 

2 a city into wards, for a special election held prior to the annual tin ueior cer- 

i . . \ T 1 n ^ tain purposes 

3 state election in the next succeeding year, and tor the assessment after new 

4 of taxes, the wards as existing previous to such re-division shall con- p. s^e.j. 

5 tinue, and for such purposes the election ofiicers shall be appointed isss^ 417I 1 99. 

6 and hold office, and voting lists shall be prepared, and all other S, lis, § lei. 

7 things required by law shall be done as if no such re-division had ^^'^ ^^®s- s^^- 

8 been made. For all other purposes the new division shall take 

9 effect on the first day of May of the year when it is made. 

1 Section 165. When a ward has been divided into new voting Map or 

2 precincts, or the voting precincts thereof have been changed, the new precincts 

3 aldermen shall forthwith cause a map or description of the division ushld^etc. 

4 to be published, in which the new precincts shall be designated by il^jlg;!™. 

5 numbers or letters and shall be defined clearly and, so far as possi- JggI' ^g; | "62! 

6 ble, by known boundaries ; and they shall cause such map or de- 

7 scription to be posted in at least ten public places in each precinct 

8 of a ward so divided, and copies thereof furnished to the registrars 

9 of voters and the assessors, and to the election officers of each pre- 
10 cinct so established. 

1 Section 166. A town may direct its selectmen to prepare a divi- Jnct"^n towns 

2 sion of the town into convenient voting precincts. The selectmen f"g6!264rfi. 

3 shall, so far as possiljle, make the centre line of streets or ways, or Jggg' fj^' | ^oi 

4 other well-defined limits, the boundaries of the proposed precincts, 189?; 530', §6 

5 and shall designate them by numbers or letters. They shall, 

6 w^ithin sixty days, file a report of their doings with the town clerk, 

7 with a map or description of the proposed precincts, and with a 

8 statement of the number of male voters registered in each for the 

9 preceding annual election. The report shall be presented by the 

10 town clerk at the next succeeding town meeting, but it shall not be 

11 acted upon except at a meeting called for the purpose, and held at 

12 least seven days after the report has been filed. The division so 

13 reported may be amended at such meeting, and shall take eftect 

14 when adopted. Elections of state officers held in such town more 

15 than sixty days after such action shall be held in the precincts so 

16 established. If such report shall be rejected the town may at any 

17 time direct the selectmen to prepare a new division. 



146 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



changes^in SECTION 167. A town may make any change in its voting pre- 1 

cinctl'iii cincts wliicli the selectmen shall have recommended in a statement 2 

1890, 4-23, § 7-2. giving the boundaries, the designations of the proposed precincts 3 

1898; 548^ 1 164. aiid thc nuuiber of voters registered in each for the preceding 4 

annual state or town election, filed with the town clerk at least seven 5 

days before a town meeting called for the purpose ; but no changes 6 

other than those so proposed by the selectmen shall be made at such 7 

meetinof. 8 



1893, 417, § 103, 
1898, 548, § 165 



~j"JX°^o^-^- Section 108. When a town has Ijeen divided into voting pre- 1 

^osted ete°^^ ciucts or the voting precincts thereof have been changed, the 2 

' selectmen shall post in the office of the town clerk and in at least 3 

three public places in each new precinct a map or description in 4 

which the new precincts shall be designated by numbers or letters, 5 

and defined clearly and, so far as possible, by known l)oundaries ; 6 

and they shall also furnish copies thereof to the registrars of 7 

voters and the assessors of such town, and to the election officers 8 

of each precinct so established. 9 



tTnuanceand Section 169. Any town may, at a meeting called for the pur- 1 

ifshment posc, discontinue its voting precincts ; and subsequent elections 2 

1888, 146, §§1,3. therein shall be held as if no such division had been made. But it 3 

1893! ih] § 104. mav, in any subsequent year, establish voting precincts as herein- 4 

1898, 54S, § 166. ■, / "^. i i r; 

before provided. a 



— notice to 
secretary of 
the common- 
wealth of the 
establishment, 
etc., of wards 
or voting pre- 
cincts. 
1888, 146, § 2. 
1890, 423, §§ 71- 
73. 



Section 170. ^'V^len wards of a city have been changed or 
when voting precincts in a city or town have been established, 
changed or discontinued, the city or town clerk shall forthwith give 
a notice thereof in writing to the secretary of the commonwealth, 
stating the number and designation of such wards or such voting 
precincts and in a city the wards in which they are situated. 

1893, 417, § 105. 1898, 548, § 167. 



Election offi- 
cers; in cities, 
appointment, 
qualifications. 
1884, •209, § 7. 

1888, 430, § 20. 

1889, 413, § 20. 

1890, 219; 423, 
§ 75. 

1891, 2.i6. 

1892, 431. 

1893, 417, § 106. 
1898, i>i8, § 168. 



ELECTION OFFICERS. 

Section 171. The mayor of every city shall annually in Sep- 
teml)er, or as soon thereafter as possible, with the approval of the 
aldermen, appoint as election officers for each voting precinct, one 
warden, one deputy warden, one clerk, one deputy clerk, four 
inspectors and four deputy inspectors, who shall be qualified 
voters in the ward of which such precinct forms a part. He may, 
in like manner, appoint two inspectors and two deputy inspectors 
in addition. Every such nomination shall be acted upon l)y the 
aldermen not less than three nor more than ten days after it has 
been made. 



1 

2 

o 
O 

4 

5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 



— for voting 
precincts in 
towns, ap- 
pointment. 
1^9(1, 4-2?,, § 76. 
asii-2, 431. 
18,(3, 417, § 108. 
189S, 54.-', § 169. 



Section 172. The selectmen of every town divided into vothig 
precincts shall annually, between the first and fifteenth day of Octo- 
ber, appoint as election officers for each voting precinct, one warden, 
one deputy warden, one clerk, one deputy clerk, two inspectors 
and two deputy inspectors, who shall })e voters of the pre«inct. 
They may, in like manner, appoint two inspectors and two deputy 
inspectors in addition. 



Chap. 11.] elections. 147 

1 Section 173. Such election officers shall be so appointed as Election om. 

2 equally to represent the two leading political parties, except that, political ' '^^' 

3 without disturbing the equal representation of such parties, not i89o7423!t§75°' 

4 more than two of such election officers not representing either 1%^^ ^^^^ §§ jog 

5 of them may be appointed. The warden shall be of a different Hf^ g^g , j^^ 

6 political party from the clerk, and not more than one half of the 

7 inspectors shall be of the same political part3^ In each case the 

8 principal officer and his deputy shall be of the same political party. 

9 Every election officer shall hold office for one year, jjeginning with 

10 the first day of November succeeding his appointment, and until his 

11 successor is appointed and qualified, or until his removal. An 

12 election officer may be removed by the mayor, with the approval 

13 of the aldermen, or by the selectmen after a hearing, upon written 

14 charges of incompetence or official misconduct preferred by the city 

15 or town clerk or by not less than six voters of the ward, or, in a 

16 town, of the voting precinct in which the officer is appointed to act. 

1 Section 174. In Boston, the election commissioners may upon —removal of, 

2 the day of any election therein, forthwith remove any election officer i896,'393°°§2. 

3 found to be incompetent or so conducting himself as to prejudice ^898, 548. § in. 

4 the public interest, and appoint some other person of the same 

5 political part}^ in his place ; and the officer so removed shall receive 

6 no compensation for services rendered on such day, and shall be 

7 disqualified for appointment as an election officer for one year there- 

8 after. 

1 Section 175. If a vacancy in the number of the election officers —vacancies; 

2 occurs before the first day of November in any year, or, in a city, imTm!W^h, 

3 after the annual state election and one week at least before the Isgs, 417, §§ 107, 

4 annual city election, or if an election officer declines his appoint- \^^ ^^ , j,, 

5 ment and gives notice thereof to the city or town clerk before the 

6 first day of November, or, if at a special election the office of an 

7 election officer is vacant, the mayor, with the approval of the alder- 

8 men, or the selectmen, shall fill the vacancy ; and the appointment 

9 shall be so made as to preserve the equal representation of the two 
10 leading political parties. 

1 Section 176. l^o person shall, at a state, city or town election, —candidates 

2 be eligible or act as an election officer in a voting precinct in which is^llgo.VI-' 

3 he is a candidate for election ; and if a person who has been ap- \l^] lif; | {%, 

4 pointed an election officer becomes such a candidate, and does not Isls^ Msi § 173. 

5 forthwith resign his office, the mayor or selectmen shall, if he is a 

6 candidate at a state election, remove him from office before the first 

7 day of November, or, if he is a candidate at a city election, the 

8 mayor shall so remove him at least eight days before the day of the 

9 election, or if he is a candidate at a town election, the selectmen 
10 shall remove him before the election. 

1 Section 177. If a warden, clerk or inspector is absent at the —deputy to act 

2 opening of the polls or subsequently on the day of election, or if principal, etc. 

3 the office is vacant, the deputy of such officer shall act for that iggo; 403; §§'75, 

4 election in his place. If the warden and deputy warden, clerk and 1I93, 417, §§ 107, 

5 deputy clerk, or an inspector and his deputy, shall be absent, the igg^^^;:^ § ^74, 

6 voters of the precinct on nomination and by hand vote shall fill 



148 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



tfie vacancy, and the officer so elected shall act during the remainder 7 

of the election ; but otherwise no deputy officer shall act in an 8 

official capacity or be admitted to the space reserved for election 9 

officers while the polls are open or during the counting of the votes. 10 



Ballot clerk8 
of preciucts. 
188U, 413, § 20. 
1890, 423, § 91. 
1893, 417, § 113. 
1898, 548, § 175. 



Section 178. At state elections in cities and in towns divided 1 

into voting precincts, and in city elections, the presiding election 2 

officer of each voting place or precinct shall detail two inspectors 3 

of different political parties to act as ballot clerks, who shall have 4 

charge of the ballots and shall furnish them to voters. 5 



Presiding SECTION 179. The Selectmen in towns not divided into voting 

omcer in towns , in 'pii-/* i 

not divided preciucts shall, at meetings for the election of state officers, have 
the powers of wardens in cities or moderators in towns, and shall 
act by their chairman or senior member present, who shall be 
regarded as the presiding election officer. 

G. S. 7, § 8. P. S. 7, § 8. 1893, 417, § 114. 

1874, 376, § 22. 1890, 423, § 79. 1898, 548, § 176. 



into precincts 
Const., pt. 2, 
c. 1, § 2, art. 2. 
1795, ,55, § 1. 
1832, 169, § 1. 
R. S. 5, §6; 
6, § 16. 



Ballot clerks in 
certain towns, 
appointment, 
duties. 

1890, 386, §13; 
423, § 77. 

1891, 31. 
1893, 417, § 115. 
1898, 548, § 177. 



Section 180. At state elections in towns not divided into voting 



precincts, and at town elections in towns in which official ballots are 
used, the selectmen shall, before the opening of the polls, appoint 
two voters as l)allot clerks, who shall have charge of the ballots 
and shall furnish them to voters. The selectmen or the moderator 
presiding at such election may subsequently appoint additional ballot 
clerks, not exceeding one for every four hundred voters and major- 
ity fraction thereof, and may likewise hll any vacancy after the 
— political rep- opeiiiiig of tlic polls. Such ballot clerks shall be so appointed as 
to represent the two leading political parties as equally as may be, 
except that such additional ballot clerks may be appointed from 
A'oters not representing either of them. 



resentation. 



Oath of office 
of election 
officers. 
1884, 299, § 7. 
1890, 423, §§ 75, 
76. 

1893, 417, § 112. 
1896, 393, ^ 1. 
1898, 548, § 178. 



Section 181. Every election officer before entering upon the 
performance of his official duties shall be sworn before the city or 
town clerk, a justice of the peace, or the presiding officer or clerk 
at the polls, and a record thereof shall l)e made. In Boston, the 
oath, except in case of vacancies filled at the polls, shall be taken 
before an election commissioner and record thereof made. 



1 
2 
3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 



Tellers 
in towns, 
apxiointment, 
duties, etc. 
1883, 229. 

1885, 261. 

1886, 262, § 3. 
1890, 423, §§ 78, 
80, 215, 222. 
1893, 417, § 116. 
1895, 285. 

1898, .548, § 179. 

1899, 329, § 6. 
1.38 Mass. 214. 

— political 
representation, 



Section 182. Selectmen of towns shall, at least five days 1 

before a state or town election, appoint voters as tellers to assist 2 

at the ballot box and in checking the names of voters upon the 3 

voting lists, and in canvassing and counting the votes. Presiding 4 

officers in such towns, at state and town elections, may appoint 5 

voters as additional tellers, and they shall do so when requested in 6 

writing l)y ten voters of the town. Tellers appointed at elections 7 

at which official liallots are used shall be so appointed that the elec- 8 

tion officers making and assisting in the canvass and count of votes 9 

shall equally represent the two leading political parties. 10 



Election offi- 
<^ers, compen- 
sation. 

1884, 299, 5§ 7, 8. 
1890, 423, "§§ 75, 
76, 78. 

1893, 417, § 119. 
ISOfS, niS, § ISO. 
152 Mass. 530. 



Section 183. Election officers .shall receive such compensation 1 

for each day's actual service as the city council or the selectmen 2 

respectively may determine ; but no deputy officer shall receive 3 

c()in})ensati()n except for attendance at the opening of the polls or 4 

for services in place of an absent officer. 5 



Chap. 11.] elections. 149 

1 Section 184. If the office of city clerk shall be vacant, or if Serk''pro'^° 

2 a city clerk shall be unable to perform the duties required by this ^^^^^%% g^ 

3 chapter, the niaj'or shall appoint a clerk pro tempore to perform i89o,'423, §i64. 

4 the duties required hereunder. If the office of town clerk shall isgsj 548| § isi.' 

5 be vacant, or a town clerk shall be unable to perform the duties 

6 required hereunder, the selectmen shall in writing under their 

7 hands, appoint a clerk pro tempore. Such clerk pro tempore shall 

8 be sworn to the faithful performance of his duties. 

1 Section 185. The governor, with the advice and consent of the supervisors 

2 council, shall, upon the petition in writing of ten qualihed voters appointment, 

3 of a ward or of a town, presented to him at least twenty-one days sentationf*''^'^^" 

4 before a state or city election therein, appoint for such ward or J||*' |^^'' § ^• 

5 town or for each of such voting precincts as may be named in the i^9i'. |64, §§^M. 

6 petition, two voters of the city or town, who shall not be signers of isgei 548^ § i82'. 

7 the petition or members of any political committee or candidates 

8 for any office, to act as supervisors at such election. One super- 

9 visor shall be appointed from each of the two leading political 

10 parties. They shall be sworn to the faithful performance of their 

11 duties by the city or town clerk or by a justice of the peace. The 

12 supervisors shall attend the polling places for wliich they are ap- 

13 pointed, may challenge persons oftering to vote, and shall witness 

14 the conduct of the election and the counting of votes ; but they 

15 shall not make any statement tending to reveal the state of the 

16 polls before the public declaration of the vote. They shall remain 

17 where the ballot boxes are kept after the polls are open and until 

18 the ballots are sealed for transmission to the officers entitled to 

19 receive them. Each supervisor may affix his signature, for the pur- 

20 pose of identification, to the copy of the record of votes cast, or 

21 attach thereto any statement touching the truth or fairness or con- 

22 duct of the election. Supervisors shall receive such compensation — compensa. 

23 for each day's actual service as the city council or the selectmen 

24 may determine. 

VOTING PLACES. 

1 Section 186. The aldermen in cities and the selectmen of every Poiiing place; 

2 town divided into voting precincts shall, thirty days at least before prlliration', 

3 the annual state or city election and ten days at least before any l^^^ 299, § 5. 

4 special election of a state or city officer therein, designate the poll- Jlo! ll; § 74. 

5 ing place for each voting precinct and shall cause it to be suitably ^g^' g]!' | Jig; 

6 fitted up and prepared therefor. It shall be in a public, orderly 

7 and convenient portion of the precinct ; but if no such polling place 

8 can be had within the precinct, they may designate a polling place 

9 in an adjoining precinct. No building or portion of a building shall 

10 be designated or used as a polling place in which intoxicating liquor 

11 has been sold within the thirty days preceding the day of the elec- 

12 tion. When the polling places have been designated, the aldermen 

13 shall, in at least ten public places in each precinct of the city, and 

14 selectmen, in at least three public places in each precinct of the 

15 town, forthwith post a printed description of the polling places 

16 designated, and may give further notice thereof. 

1 Section 187. The board of aldermen and the selectmen shall ^i^^ves'a'Jii 

2 cause each polling place in their respective cities and towns to be ^e provkied? 



150 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



1888, 436, 

1889, 413, 
1893, 417, 
1898, 548, 



§21. 
§21. 
§ 12-2. 
§ 184. 



provided with a sufficient number of suitable marking shelves or 3 

compartments where voters may conveniently and secretly mark 4 

their ballots; and they shall cause a guard rail to be so placed that 5 

only persons who are inside thereof can approach within six feet of 6 

the ballot boxes or of the marking shelves or compartments. The 7 

ballot boxes and the marking shelves or compartments shall be in 8 

open view of persons in the polling place outside the guard rail. 9 

The number of marking shelves or compartments shall be not less 10 

than one for every seventy-five voters at such polling place, and 11 

not less than five in any voting precinct of a city, and not less 12 

than three in any town or voting precinct thereof. Each marking 13 

shelf or compartment shall at all times be provided with proper 14 

supplies and conveniences for marking the ballots. 15 



state ballot 
boxes to be 
provided. 
1884, -299, § 10. 

1887, 443, § 1. 

1888, 434, § 2. 
1890, 423, § 84. 
1893, 417, § 123. 
1898, 548, § 185. 
145 Mass. 257, 
260. 



Blanks and 

apparatus tor 

canvass of 

votes. 

1891, 328, § 1. 



ELECTION APPARATUS AND BLANKS. 

Section 188. The secretary of the commonwealth shall, at the 1 

expense of the common v\^ealth, provide every city and town with a 2 

state ballot Ijox for use at every polling place therein. Such ballot 3 

box shall be approved l)y the secretary, the treasurer and receiver 4 

general, and the auditor of accounts, or by a majority of them, 5 

shall have sufficient locks and keys or seal fastenings, and shall 6 

contain mechanical devices for receiving, registering and cancell- 7 

ing every ballot deposited therein ; but no such box shall record 8 

any distinguishing number or mark upon a ballot. Ballot boxes 9 

shall be purchased by the secretary at a price not exceeding fifty 10 

dollars each. The secretary shall likewise provide every city and 11 

town with suital)le blank forms and apparatus, approved as afore- 12 

said, for use at each polling place by the election officers in the 13 

canvass and count of votes. 14 



Blanks and 
envelopes tor 
returns of 
votes, etc. 
1857, 295, § 1. 
G. S. 7, § 20. 
1874, 376, § 34. 
P. S. 7, §43; 8, 
§18; 22, §28. 

1890, 423, § 112. 

1891, 329, § 8. 
1893, 417, § 124. 
1898, 548, § 186. 



Section 189. The secretaiy of the commonwealth shall pro- 1 

vide every city and town with suitable blank forms and envelopes 2 

for all certificates, copies of records and returns required to be 3 

made to his office, with such printed directions thereon as he may 4 

deem necessary ; and such other Ijlank forms and suggestions 5 

and instructions, as will assist the election officers in the perform- 6 

ance of their duties. The clerli of the courts of the several conn- 7 

ties shall in like manner provide cities and towns with suitable 8 

blank forms and envelopes for all certificates, copies of records 9 

and returns required to be made to the county commissioners and 10 

boards of examiners. 11 



Ballot boxes 

and apparatus 

care, repair, 

etc. 

1884, 299, § 14. 

1890, 423, § 87. 

1891, .329, § 1. 
1893,307; 417, 
§ 125. 

1898, 548, § 187. 



Section 190. The clerk of each city or town shall provide 1 

therein a place for the safe keeping of the ballot boxes and counting 2 

apparatus furnished by the commonwealth, shall have the care and 3 

custody thereof, and shall see that Ihey are kept in good order and 4 

repair. The custody, care and repair of all such ballot boxes and ap- 5 

paratus shall be at the expense of the city or town, but shall be 6 

subject to the supervision and control of the secretary of the com- 7 

monwealth, who may, at the expense of the commonwealth, subject 8 

to approval as aforesaid, cause necessary improvements to be made 9 

in any of such ballot boxes or apparatus. 10 



Chap. 11.] elections. 151 

1 Section 191. If a state ballot box becomes defective or is lost i^fboxes^t<f'' 

2 or destroyed, the secretary of the commonwealth shall, upon appli- ilgrios'Ti 

3 cation l)y the clerk of the city or town in which such box is used is^s, m, § iss. 

4 or by the election commissioners of the city of Boston, provide 

5 another ballot box at the expense of such city or town. 

1 Section 192. When state ballot boxes are approved and pur- Persons of 

2 chased, the persons of whom they are purchased shall give to the rre°purc°ua*sed 

3 secretary of the commonwealth a bond, vfith sufficient sureties, to kelAhem"hi** 

4 keep them in good working order for two years at their own lg^^%^ ^3 

5 expense. isesl 54p; § m 

1 Section 193. The clerk of every city and of every town divided Precinct eeai, 

*^ *^ *^ USG etc. 

2 into voting precincts shall furnish to the clerk of each voting pre- 1874, 370, § 42. 

3 cinct a seal of suitable device, with a designation thereon of such isso', s?.' 

4 precinct ; and such seal shall be used in sealing all envelopes required im^Im, §§23, 

5 by law to be used at the elections. The clerk of the precinct shall 1^, 423, § 89. 

6 retain the custody of the seal, and shall, at the end of his term of {ggl ^;^' § 190 

7 oiEce, deliver the same, with the records of the precinct and other custody. 

8 official documents in his custody, to the city or town clerk. i893,'4i7!ri27. 

1 Section 194, Every city and town clerk shall send to the elec- Baiiotbox, 

2 tion officers at each polling place, before the opening of the polls be'sent to^' ^'^ 

3 on the day of an election or meeting at which the same are required ?8°84!2fi)!'fi6.^" 

4 to be used, the ballot box, blank forms and counting and other igg?' li' 1 3**' 

5 apparatus; and shall send therewith such ballot boxes, ballot box Hgg'ln'sm 

6 seals, blank forms and apparatus as may be required by the board i898| ms] § 191! 

7 of aldermen or by the selectmen. 

PREPARATION AND FORM OF BALLOTS. 

1 Section 195. All ballots for use in elections of state officers Baiiots, by 

2 shall be prepared and furnished by the secretary of the common- pared jmdfur- 

3 wealth; all ballots for use in elections of city officers, by the city i889,*4i3,§§i,io. 

4 clerk ; and all ballots for use in elections of town officers, in a town {ggs' 417' 1 129 

5 which has voted to use official ballots, by the town clerk. No bal- Jggg' gf^' 1 1^2 

6 lots as herein provided shall be printed in any printing establish- i64 ifass. 489. ' 

7 ment owned or managed by the city of Boston. 

1 Section 196. General ballots for the use of male voters in General bai- 

2 a voting precinct or town shall contain the names of all candidates c*ontaV.'' 

3 duly nominated for election therein, and such ballots shall, except Isi; I13; | lo! 

4 as provided in section one hundred and ninety-eight, contain the name Jgg^'^^l^' ^ '' 

5 of no other person. IZ'Mlfik. 

6 To the name of each candidate for a state office shall be added the isgs', 548^ § 193! 

. 1899 220 

7 name of the city or town in which the candidate resides. To the 1900,' 231.' 

8 name of each candidate for a city office shall be added the name of 

9 the street on which he resides, with his street number, if any ; and 

10 to the name of each candidate for the office of alderman-at-large 

11 shall also l)e added the number of the ward in which he resides. 

12 To the name of each candidate for a state or city office shall 

13 be added his party or political designation, expressed in accordance 

14 with section one hundred and forty-six. To the name of each 

15 candidate for a town office upon an official ballot shall be added the 



152 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11, 



designation of the party or principle which he represents, contained 
in the certificate of nomination or nomination paj^ers. No greater 
num1)er of candidates for any office, bearing the same political 
designation, nominated otherwise than by nomination papers, shall 
be placed upon the official ballot than are to be elected. 

If the name of a political party is used in connection with some 
other name or term as the designation of a candidate nominated 
for a state or city office l)y a nomination paper, the words " nomi- 
nation paper", or " nom. paper ", shall be added to such political 
designation. 

If a candidate shall receive the nomination of more than one 
party or more than one political designation for the same office, he 
may, within the seventy-two hours next succeeding five o'clock of 
the last day fixed for the filing of nomination papers, by a writing 
delivered to the officer or board required by law to prepare the 
official ballot, direct in what order the several nominations or 
political designations shall be added to his name upon the official 
ballot ; and such directions shall be followed by the said ofiicer 
or board. If, diu-ing said time, said candidate shall neglect to 
direct in writing as aforesaid, then said officer or board shall add 
said nominations or political designations to the name of said can- 
didate upon the official ballot in such order as said officer or board 
shall determine. 



16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 



Ballots; 
arrangement 
of names of 
candidates on. 

1888, 353. 

1889, 413, § 10. 
1890,386, §7; 
436, § 11. 

1893, 417, §§ 130, 
135. 

1896, 518, § 3. 

1897, 482. 

1898, 548, § 194. 
177 Mass. 518. 
[lOp. A.G.3.] 



— special. 



— .opportunity 
and directions 
for marking. 



— official 
indorsement. 



Section 197. The names of candidates for every state, city and 1 

town office, except the names of candidates for presidential electors, 2 

shall be arranged under the designation of the office in alphabetical 3 

order according to the surnames ; but the names of candidates for 4 

the same office but for different terms of service therein shall be 5 

arranged in groups according to the length of their respective terms. 6 

Blank spaces shall be left at the end of the list of candidates for 7 

each different office, equal to the numlier to be elected thereto, in 8 

which the voter may insert the name of any person not printed on 9 

the ballot for whom he desires to vote for such office. If the ap- 10 

proval of a constitutional amendment or any other question is sub- 11 

initted to the voters, it shall be i)rinted on the ballot after the names 12 

of the candidates. 13 

Special ballots containing only the names of candidates for school 14 

committee shall also be prepared in like manner and printed for the 15 

use of women qualified by law to vote for school committee. 16 

Ballots shall be so printed as to give to each voter an oppor- 17 

tunity to designate by a cross [x], or by the stamp provided for 18 

that purpose, in a square at the right of the name and designation 19 

of each candidate, and at the right of each question, his choice of 20 

candidates and his answer to such (juestion ; and upon the ballots 21 

may be printed such directions as will aid the voter : for example, 22 

" vote for one ", " vote for two ", " yes ", " no ", and the like. On 23 

the back and outside of each l^allot when folded shall l)e printed the 24 

Avords, "Official Ballot for", followed l)y the designation of the 25 

voting precinct or town for which the l)allot is prepared, the date 26 

of election, and a facsimile of the signature of the secretary of the 27 

commonwealth, or city or town clerk who has caused the ballot to 28 

be prepared. Special 1)all()ts shall have the additional indorse- 29 

ment, " For School Committee only." 30 



Chap. 11.] elections. •IB^ 

1 Section 198. The names of candidates for presidential electors Baiiots; 

2 shall l)e arranged in groups as presented in the several certificates electors, ar- 

3 of nomination or nomhiation papers. The groups shall be arranged nanfl"oTcan- 

4 in the alphabetical order of the surnames of the candidates for presi- imi^iiCti- 

5 dent, and the names of the candidates in each group shall be printed g. s. 9, | ii'. 

6 upon the ballots in two columns of equal width. If candidates are fggf-|(3^Pio 

7 nominated at large and for the several congressional districts, the i89o,' 423! § 172. 

8 name and place of residence of one of the candidates at large shall 1893^ 417! § 131. 

9 be put at the head of each column, and the names of the other ^^^^' ^^' ^ ^'^^' 

10 candidates with their places of residence and the numbers of their 

11 congressional districts shall follow in the numerical order of the 

12 districts. The surnames of the candidates of each political party for 

13 the offices of president and vice president, with the political designa- 

14 tion thereof at the right of the surnames, shall be placed in one line 

15 above the group of candidates of such party for electors. A suffi- 
1(3 cient square in wdiich each voter may designate by a cross [x], or 

17 by a stamp provided for that purpose, his choice for electors shall 

18 be left at the right of each political designation ; and no other space 

19 or margin shall be left in any such group of candidates. 

1 Section 199. The official ballots shall, except as otherw^ise pro — paper, size, 

^.TTi •! n T i»j • J • L- A. form, type, 

2 vided herein, be 01 ordinary white printing paper, ot two or more etc. 

3 pages, and shall, before distribution, be so folded as to measure not i89oi386!§7;' 

4 less than four and one-half inches nor more than hve inches in width ^892,^279, § 1. 

5 and not less than six inches nor more than thirteen and one-half J|^|> *i^| | \^-^ 

6 inches in length. The names of all candidates shall be printed in 

7 black ink in lines at a right angle with the length of the ballot. 

8 The names of all candidates, other than candidates for presidential 

9 electors and for president and vice president, and the initial letters 

10 of all names of candidates for presidential electors, shall be in capital 

11 letters not less than one-eighth of an inch nor more than one-quarter 

12 of an inch in height. The surnames and political designations of 

13 the candidates for president and vice president shall be in capital 

14 letters not less than three-sixteenths of an inch in height. 

15 The special ballots shall be printed on colored paper of a dif- 

16 ferent color from that of specimen ballots. 

1 Section 200. Two sets of ballots, each of not less than sixty ^^°^,"^^j"fg^ 

2 ballots for every fifty and fraction of fifty voters, shall be provided for state .and 

3 for each polling place at which an election for state or city officers is isss, 436, § 12." 

4 to be held. Two sets of special ballots, each of not less than sixty isgo', 436,' § 7? ' 

5 ballots for every fifty and fraction of fifty women registered to vote lil'tes- ms?' 

6 for school committee shall be provided for each polling place at § i^"- 

7 which an election for city officers is to be held. 

8 If ballots are prepared hj the town clerk, one set of general tobe^rovfcted 

9 ballots of not less than sixty ballots for every fifty and fraction of t^foVs?"^" *''''''' 

10 fifty voters shall be provided. One set of special ballots of not i^^o. 386, § 9. 

11 less than sixty ballots for every fifty and fraction of fifty women 

12 registered to vote for school committee shall be provided. 

13 A sufficient number of partial ballots in state elections shall be Amend, const., 

14 prepared for voters who may be entitled to vote for a part only of ^'^ ' 

15 the officers to be voted for in a city or town. A statement shall 

16 be printed on the back of such ballots, in addition to the official 



154 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Ballots; to be 
ai-ranged in 
packages, etc. 

1888, 436, § 11. 

1889, 413, § 11. 

1890, 386, § 8. 
1893, 417, § 134. 
1898, 548, § 198. 

— in case of 
vacancy. 

1890, 436, § 4. 

1891, 278. 
1893, 417, § 136. 
1898, 548, § 199. 



indorsement, indicating the class of voters for whose use the ballots 17 

are furnished, and such ballots only shall be furnished to such 18 

voters. 19 

Section 201. Ballots, in convenient numbers, shall be arranged 1 

in packages. A record of the number of ballots printed and deliv- 2 

ered to each polling place shall be kept by the secretary of the 3 

commonwealth, or the city or town clerk, for one year. 4 

Section 202. If a vacancy occurs or is declared in the list of 1 

nominations, the name of the candidate nominated to hll such 2 

vacancy shall, if the ballots have not been printed, be placed on 3 

them or, if the ballots have been printed, ballots containing the 4 

new nomination shall, when practicable, be substituted. 5 



Cards of in- 
struction. 

1888, 436, § 13. 

1889, 413, § 13. 

1890, 386, § 10. 
1893, 417, § 137. 
1898, 548, § 200. 



Specimen 
ballots. 



Copies of 
proposed 
constitutional 
amendments. 
1892, 124, § 2. 



INFORMATION TO VOTERS. 

Section 203. The secretary of the commonwealth in state elec- 1 

tions, city clerks in city elections, and town clerks in town elections 2 

at which official ballots are used, shall, for every such election, 3 

prepare and cause to be printed in large clear type cards contain- 4 

ing full instructions to voters for obtaining ballots, marking them, 5 

obtaining assistance and new ballots in place of those accidentally 6 

spoiled ; and on separate cards such abstracts of the laws imposing 7 

penalties upon voters as they shall deem proper. They shall also 8 

provide for each polling place ten or more specimen ballots which 9 

shall be facsimiles of the ballots provided for voting, but printed 10 

without the indorsements and on colored paper. The secretary of 11 

the commonwealth shall provide copies of any proposed amendment 12 

to the constitution submitted to the people, with a heading in large 13 

type. Proposed Amendment to the Constitution. 14 



Secretary of 
the common- 
wealth to 
transmit lists 
of candidates, 
etc., to regis- 
trars. 

1888, 436, § 14. 

1889, 413, 5 14. 
1892, 124, § 2. 
1893, 417, §§ 138- 
140. 

1898, 548, § 201. 



Section 204. The secretary of the commonwealth shall, at least 1 

five days before state elections, transmit to the registrars printed 2 

lists of the names, residences and designations of candidates to be 3 

voted for at each polling place, substantially in the form of the 4 

official l)allot, and also printed copies of any proposed amendment 5 

to the constitution. The registrars shall, upon the receipt thereof, 6 

conspicuously post in one or more public places in each voting 7 

precinct or town the lists and copies aforesaid for such precinct or 8 

town. 9 



1898, 548, § 202. 



datel°ifow°*^^ SECTION 205. City clcrks shall, at least four days before a city 
is^ff^fil"^ 15*^^' election, cause to be posted in every voting precinct the names, 
1893', 4i7i § 139. residences and desimiations of all candidates duly nominated and to 
be voted for m such city, substantially in the form of the omcial 
ballot, and cause the same to be published in at least two news- 
papers, if there are so many published in said city, representing 
so far as practicable the two leading political parties. 



18'])" 386^ §\i Section 206. Town clerks in towns using official ballots shall, 1 

1898* 548* 1 203' ^^ least four days before an election therein, cause to be posted in 2 

one or more public places the names, residences and designations of 3 

all candidates duly nominated and to be voted for in such town, sub- 4 

stantially in the form of the official ballot. 5 



Chap. 11.] elections. 155 

1 Section 207. The secretary of the commonwealth, before state secretary of 

2 elections, shall cause to be published a list of all candidates to be wea*ith,"etc" to 

3 voted for in the county and the question on the a})proval and ratifi- candidates! "* 

4 cation of any proposed amendment to the constitution, and the city |^j, ^gg , ^g 
6 clerks before city elections, a list of all candidates to be voted for in }^f;H' !J^' f I?- 

6 their respective cities, buch lists and questions shall be m the torm, i893, 417, §§ iss, 

7 as near as may be, in which they are to appear upon the oificial bal- isas, 548, § 204. 

8 lot, and said publication shall be made for state elections in at least 

9 two newspapers in the county and for city elections in at least two 

10 newspapers in the city, if there are so many in the county or city, 

11 representing so far as practicable the two leading political parties. 

delivery of ballots, etc. 

1 Section 208. Each set of ballots, for state elections, shall be Preparation of 

2 enclosed in one package by the secretary of the commonwealth, transmiLfon.'"^ 

3 sealed and marked with the number of ballots of each kind therein, HH] l\li | H] 

4 and specimen ballots, cards of instruction and copies of any pro- HI; fj?; § 141. 

5 posed amendment to the constitution shall be enclosed in another i^as, 548, § 205. 

6 package, and the whole shall be further enclosed in a single pack- 

7 age with marks on the outside indicating its contents and the poll- 

8 ing place for which it is intended. ' 

9 He s'hall transmit to the city or town clerks at diiFerent times or Delivery of 

10 by diflerent means two sets of ballots, cards of instruction and i8^88"436, § 17. 

11 copies of proposed amendments to the constitution, so that both sets ^892; ail ^ ^^' 

12 shall be received at least twelve hours before the date of election, i^^s, 417, §§ 142, 

13 and the clerks shall return receipts therefor to the secretary. He 

14 shall keep a record of the time when and the manner in which the 

15 several packages are transmitted, and shall preserve the receipts 

16 therefor for one year. 

17 The clerk of each city and the clerk of each town using official 

18 ballots shall enclose the ballots, specimen ballots and cards of in- 

19 struction for city or town elections in the same manner. 

1 Section 209. The city or town clerk shall, on the day of every Delivery at 

2 state or city election, before the opening of the polls, transmit to state and city" 

3 the election officers of each polling place therein, one set of ballots fssMse", § is. 

4 with accompanying specimen ballots, cards of instruction and copies isgo; 386; | if- 

5 of proposed amendments to the constitution, which have been pro- i^g^^^/iV, § 144. 

6 vided for such polling place ; and the presiding election officer at isos; 5481 § 206. 

7 the polling place shall receipt therefor to the clerk, and such receipt, 

8 with a record of the number of ballots transmitted, shall be kept 

9 in the clerk's office for one year. The second set of ballots shall 

10 be retained l>y the clerk until the receipt Ijy him of a requisition in 

11 writing of the presiding election officer of any polling place, when 

12 it shall he transmitted to such polling place in the manner above 

13 provided as to the fir,st set. At town elections, the town clerk shall 

14 deliver all such ballots, the specimen ballots and cards of instruc- 

15 tion at the polling place on the day of the election before the open- 

16 ing of the polls. 

1 Section ^210. If the ballots provided for any polling place are sui)8titute 

2 not delivered, or if after delivery they are destroyed or stolen, the i888°43(3, § 19. 

3 city or town clerk shall cause similar ballots to be prepared ; and \lf^\ 417; 1 145. 



156 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



15'J Mass. 489. 



1898,548, §207. upoii receipt of such new ballots, accompanied by a statement liy the 4 

clerk under oath that they have l)een so prepared and transmitted 5 

l)y him, and that the original ])allots have not l^een delivered or have G 

been so destroyed or stolen, the ballots so substituted shall be used. 7 



Annual state 
election, date, 
officers to be 
chosen. 
Const., pt. 2, 
c. 1, § 3, arts. 1, 
2,3; c. 2, § 1, 
arts. 2, 3; §2, 
art. 1. 

Amend, const., 
arts. 10-17, 19, 
21, 22, 36. 

1832, 169. 

1833, 68. 

R. S. 6, §§ 3, 13. 
1848, 35. 
G. S. 8, §1; 9, 
§§ 3, 9, 10. 
P. S. 8, § 1. 



Calls for elec- 
tions. 

1884, 299, § 2. 
1890, 423, §§ 67, 
68. 

1893, 417, § 147. 
1898, 548, § 209. 
163 Mass. 411, 
423. 



— to specify 
officers to Ije 
elected and 
questions to be 
submitted, etc. 
1884, 299, § 1. 
1890,386, §3; 
423, §§ 66-68, 
148, 165, 171. 

1891, 314. 

1892, 124, § 1. 

1893, 417, § 148. 
1898, 548, § 210. 
Time of open- 
ing and closing 
polls, etc., 

in cities. 

P. S. 7, §§ 1, 2. 

1898, 83, § 1. 

— in towns. 
1S74, .376, § 21. 
1S79, 2. 

P. S. 7, § 3. 
19;)1, 116. 



CALLING OF ELECTIONS. 

Section 211. The annual state election for the choice of gov- 1 

ernor, lieutenant governor, councillors, secretary, treasurer and 2 

receiver general, attorney general, auditor of accounts, and sen- 3 

ators and representatives in the general court, shall be held on the 4 

Tuesday next after the hrst Monday in November. There shall 5 

also be chosen at the annual state election, when required l)y 6 

law, presidential electors, and, in their respective districts or coun- 7 

ties, representatives in congress, district attorneys, clerks of the 8 

courts, registers of probate and insolvency, registers of deeds, 9 

county commissioners, associate commissioners, sheriffs and county 10 

•fi-oriaiirfiTa P. S. 9, §§ 3, 1890, 423, §§ 147, 1893, 417, § 146. 11 Mass. 424. I 1 

Lied^bUiei ;->. j,^ jy. -^Q^-j j_ jg5^ j-Q_ j-j^ -^gy_ -jj^jiy^ 5^,-_ g 208. ^ ^ 

Section 212. Meetings of the voters of each city for the elec- 1 

tion of state officers and city officers sliall l)e called by the alder- 2 

men, and the city clerk shall, under their direction, cause notice of 3 

such meetings to be printed in one or more newspapers published 4 

in such city and to he conspicuously posted in the office of the city 5 

clerk ; and in Boston, in at least four daily newspapers pul)lished 6 

therein. Such notices shall be in lieu of the notices or warrants for 7 

election required in any city by special statutes. Meetings of the 8 

voters of each town for the election of state officers and town 9 

officers shall he called as provided in section three hundred and 10 

twenty-eight. jMeetings forthe annual state, city and town elections 11 

shall be called at least seven days Ijefore the day prescribed for the 12 

holding thereof. 13 

Section 213. Notices or warrants for meetings for state and 1 

city elections and for the election of town officers in towns where 2 

official l)allots are used shall specify by name all the offices to be 3 

voted for, and state in full any proposed amendment to the constitu- 4 

tion or other question submitted to the people. They shall specify 5 

the time when the polls will be opened, and in cities, when the polls 6 

will be closed, and in towns, when they may be closed. 7 

In cities, the polls may be opened as early as six o'clock in the 8 

forenoon and shall be opened as early as ten o'clock in the forenoon 9 

and shall l)e kept open at least six hours, but in no case after the 10 

hour of sunset. 11 

In towns, at the election of state and town officers, the polls may 12 

be opened as early as six o'clock in the forenoon and shall be 13 

opened as early as twelve o'clock, noon, and shall be kept open at 14 

least four hours, and until the time specified in the warrant when 15 

they may be closed ; and they may 1)(; kept open for such longer 16 

time as the meeting shall direct, but they shall not be kept open 17 

after the hour of sunset. At annual town meetings they shall be 18 

kept open at least one hour for the reception of votes upon the 19 

question of licensing the sale of intoxicating li(]uors. After an an- 20 

nouncement has been made by the presiding officer of a time so 21 

fixed for closing the polls they shall not be closed at an earlier hour. 22 



Chap. 11.] elections. 157 

conduct of elections. 

1 Section 214. At an election of state or city officers, the pre- state and city 

2 siding election officer at each polling place in a city or town shall, fn|^of ?nst?uc*' 
S before the opening of the polls, post at least three cards of instruc- p?s!'7?**^' 

4 tion, three copies of proposed constitutional amendments, if any, ]l^' Wf 1 1^.- 

5 and at least five siiecimen ballots within the loolling place outside the ^If- „, , ,,„ 

6 guard rail, and the cards ot instruction and a copy or any })roposed i895, 275, § i. 

7 amendment in each marking compartment; and no other poster, isosj 54s,' § 211. 

8 card, handbill, placard, picture or circular intended to inlluence Certain hand- 

9 the action of the voter, except a paster to be placed upon the official to be circ'u"'' 

10 ballot, shall be posted, circulated or distributed in the polling place, i^*^*^' ^^''^^ 

11 in the building in which the polling place is located, on the walls 

12 thereof, on the premises on which the building stands or on the 

13 sidewalk adjoining the premises where such election is being held. 

14 Pasters to be placed on the official ballot shall be subject to all the 

15 restrictions imposed by sections one hundred and ninety-six and 

16 one hundred and ninety-nine as to names, residences and political 

1 7 designations of candidates and the size of type in which the names 

18 shall be printed. The presiding election officer shall, at the opening Delivery of 

19 of the polls, publicly open the packages containing the ballots and baiiot^cierks. 

20 deliver them to the ballot clerks. 

21 The town clerk shall, on the day of the election, l^efore the open- 

22 ing of the polls, deliver the ballots to the ballot clerks, who shall 

23 receipt therefor, and their receipt shall be preserved in the office 

24 of the clerk for the period of one year. K a moderator presides 

25 at such election, no such ballots shall be delivered to voters until 
2(3 he has been chosen. 

1 Section 215. The state ballot boxes shall be used for receiving state baiiot 

2 the ballots in state and city elections, and in town elections where usedfetc. ^ 
■3 official ballots are used. The election officers at each polling place isss! 434; § l; 

4 shall, at the opening of the polls and before any ballots are received, lf^%^'^' ^^ ^' 

5 publicly open the ballot box, and ascertain by personal examina- 4ff'.\*^5^^' 

6 tion, and pul^licly show that the same is empty, and shall imme- isoi, 275, § 1. 

7 diately thereafter lock or fasten the box. The clerk of the precinct isgs! 548', § 212. 

8 or town shall make a record of the condition of the box register, opening of' 

9 and, if a key is used, it shall be retained by the police officer or empty? ^^ 

10 constable at the polling place. The ballot box shall not, after it p's'/y^^jlo^' 

11 is shown to be empty, be removed from public view until all bal- i|^'423'|89' 

12 lots have been removed therefrom and the box has been relocked {^^I'jS^'c, 

13 or sealed. The ballot box shall not be opened nor any ballot re- _to'bein pub- 

14 moved therefrom until the polls are closed, except as provided in i^cview. 

15 section tM'o hundred and thirty-seven ; but in order to make room for removal of 
1(5 ballots, the presiding officer may, in the presence of all the election 

17 officers, open the 1)ox and pack and press down the ballots therein. 

18 The presiding officer of each polling place shall have charge of ^ifn-ge^^pre. 

19 the ballot box and ballot box seal, and shall, at the close of each f,*^tKturned. 

20 election, return the same, either personally or by a police officer p._s.7,§28. 

21 or constable in attendance at the polling place, to the city or town i88o;87.' 

22 clerk. 

23 If it becomes impossible to use the state Ijallot box, the voting — proceedings 

24 shall proceed in such manner as the presiding officer shall direct, be used. ' 

25 and in such case the clerk shall record the reason why such ballot ises', 434', § i.' 



158 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



ison 423, §85. ]jQx is not used, and shall enclose an attested copy of such record 2(> 

14.> Mass. .0/, ' ^1 y 

•2«'. in the envelope with the ballots cast. The provisions as to the use 27 

and custody of the state ballot l)ox shall, so far as applicable, apply 28 

to the ballot box substituted therefor. 29 



Voting lists, 
deliverv, use. 
18Sy, 413, §§ 20, 
22. 

1890, 386, § 14 ; 
423, § 90. 
1S93, 417, § l.-il. 
1898, 548, § 213. 
12 Pick. 485. 
103 Mass. 543. 



Section 216. One voting list shall be delivered to the ballot 1 

clerks and another to the officers in charge of the ballot box. 2 

When a ballot is delivered to a voter, his name shall be checked 3 

on the fii-jst and when he deposits his ballot it shall be checked on 4 

the second. The officer in charge of the liallot box and the officer 5 

in charge of the voting list shall be of different political parties. 6 

111 Mass. 256. 138 Mass. 214. 



No statements 
prior to rtec- 
laratiou ol 
vote. 

1874, 376, § 54. 
P. S. 7, § .53. 
1888, 203, § 1. 
1890, 423, § 123. 
1893, 417, § 152. 



Section 217. No election officer shall, before the pul)lic deolara- 1 

tion of the vote, make any statement of the numlier of ballots cast, 2 

the number of votes given for any person, the name of any person 3 

who has voted or whose name has not been checked, or of any 4 

other fact tending to show the state of the polls. is98, 548, § 2i4. 5 



mutecfin^fde SECTION 218. No pcrsous cxccpt the election officers, super- 

guardraii. visors, and voters admitted for the purpose of voting, shall, during 

1893! 417^ § 153. the progi'css of an election and until the public declaration of the 

b9.s, o , § o. ^^^^^ i^g permitted within the guard rail, unless authorized by the 

election officers for the purpose of keeping order and enforcing 

the law. 



Number of 
voters within 
guard rail. 
1889, 413, § 22. 
1893, 417, § 1.54. 
1898, 548, § 216. 

Time for 
deposit of 



Section 219. No more than four voters, liesides election officers 
and supervisors, in excess of the nunil)er of marking compartments 
provided, shall be allowed at one time within the guard rail, and 
except the election officers and supervisors, no voters shall be admit- 
ted therein after the time fixed for closing the polls ; but voters pre- 
hall be allowed five minutes after the time so fixed 



ballots at close viously admitted 

of polls. - " . 1 • 1 n 

to deposit their Ijallots 



Presiding 

otlicers, 

powers and 

duties. 

1884, 299, 5 37. 

1889, 413, « 23. 

1890, 423, ^ 125. 
1893, 417, § 156. 
1898, 548, § 217. 
16 Mass. 385. 



Section 220. The presiding officer at each polling place shall 1 

enforce the performance of their duties by election officers. He 2 

shall have authority to maintain order and to enforce ol)edience to 3 

his lawful commands, during an election and the counting of the 4 

ballots after the close of the polls, in and about the polling place 5 

and to keep the access thereto open and unobstructed, and he may 6 

require any police officer, constable or other person to communicate 7 

his orders and directions and assist in their enforcement. 8 



to^preselrtf'^^ Section 221. The board or officer in charge of the police force 
Vs<4''299 s 38 ^^ each city and town shall detail a sufficient number of police offi- 
l^os' 4r' 1 1-7' ^^^"^ ^^ constal)les for each polling place at every election therein 
1898; 548', § 218'. to prcsciwc oi'der and to protect the election officers and supervisors 

from any interference with their duties and to aid in enforcing the 

provisions of this chapter. 



hfgoTha^VTng' Section 222. Any person who, during an election or town meet- 1 

lipreimfved.'" ^"""' '^^iiiHi 11^ ^ polHug placc or place of such meeting, smoke or 2 

p*^8 ^''^S64 k^^e in his possession a lighted pipe, cigar or cigarette, or carry 3 

1890,' 423, §139. into any such place or keep therein any intoxicating liquor, shall be 4 



Chap. 11.] elections. 159 

5 deemed guilty of disorderly conduct ; and the presiding officer shall lUf^ *^^| | .^•^^; 

6 order him to remove such Y)ipe, cigar, cigarette or liquor, or to with- 

7 draw from such place, and for disobedience of such order shall cause 

8 him to he removed from such polling place or meeting. 

1 Section 223. If a person at an election refuses to obey the offender to be 

2 lawful commands of the presiding officer or, by disorderly conduct but^not pro-*'' 

3 interrupts or disturl)s the proceedings of an election officer, the voMng/*^"™ 

4 presiding officer may require any police officer, constal)le or other IfJ^'^ l^'^ ^^^l\^ 

5 person to take him into custody and detain him until after the elec- i|^^ ^^^ ^.^ 

6 tion ; but the presiding officer may at any time order his release. Jf^ja^g^l'gy^''- 

7 Such order of detention shall not be so enforced as to prevent such 

8 person, if a voter at that polling place, from voting. 

1 Section 224. Every election officer shall forthwith report any Duties of 

2 violation of the provisions of sections two hundred and eleven to fa w^?s violated. 

3 two hundred and sixty-nine, inclusive, to the police officer or constable \lll\ llf; | %o. 

4 in attendance at the polling place, and such police officer or con- is^s. ^^y, § 2-21. 

5 stable shall cause the offender to be prosecuted. 

MANNER OF VOTING. 

1 Section 225. Each voter desiring to vote at a polling place Manner of 

2 where official ballots are used shall give his name and, if requested, L^sl^ilgfrie. 

3 his residence to one of the ballot clerks, who shall thereupon dis- li9;l]3;|i: 

4 tinctly announce the same ; and if such name is found upon the i89o, 423, 1 91.^ 

5 votinof list by the ballot clerk, he shall check and repeat the name }f»< ^», § 2'^-^- 

6 and give one ballot to such voter, who shall then be admitted within 

7 the guard rail. If not entitled to vote for all the offices upon the 

8 ballot, he shall receive a partial ballot. If the voter is a woman, 

9 she shall receive a special ballot containing the names of candidates 
10 for school committee only. 

1 Section 22(>. City and town clerks may provide, for use at ^*!^J?^P^/°^ 

2 caucuses and elections, as many stamps as there are marking com- ballots." 

3 partments at each polling place. The design of the stamps for isgs^ ksj § 223. 

4 caucuses shall be the number of the ward, with a cross, thus : X 7, 

5 and for elections the number of the ward and precinct, with cross, 

6 thus : X 7/9. At caucuses and elections for which such stamps 

7 are provided, they shall be used by all voters in marking their 

8 ballots, and ballots not so marked shall not be counted, but bal- 

9 lots from which the stamp mark has been erased with pencil or 

10 other device shall be counted as though no erasure had been made. 

1 1 The caucus or precinct clerk shall have the custody of such stamps 

12 and shall, before the opening of the caucus or polls, in the presence 

13 of the voters and caucus or precinct officers, cause such stamps to 

14 be chained to each marking compartment ; and he shall, immediately 

15 after the polls are closed and before the ballots are removed from 

16 the ballot box, and in the presence of the voters and caucus or pre- 

17 cinct officers, place said stamps in a box, which shall be locked and 

18 sealed, and be by him returned to the city or town clerk or to the 

19 election commissioners. In Boston, the police officer in attendance 

20 at each caucus or voting precinct shall have the custody of the stamps 

21 and perform the duties connected therewith imposed on the precinct 

22 clerks in other cities. 



160 



ELECTIONS. 



[ClIAP. 11. 



Marking of 
ballot. 

1888, 436, « -23. 

1889, 413, ^ 23. 
1893, 417, § 162 
1898, 548, § 224 
177 Mass. ."ilS. 
[1 Op. A. G. 3 



Section 227. The voter on receiving his l)allot shall, without 1 

leaving the enclosed space, retire alone to one of the marking com- 2 

partments, and shall, except in the case of voting for })residential 3 

electors, prepare his ballot by making a cross [ X ] in the square 4 

^ at the rio;ht of the name of each candidate for whom he intends 5 

to vote or by inserting the name of such candidate in the space pro- G 

vided therefor and making a cross in the s(jiiare at the right ; and, 7 

upon a question submitted to the vote of the people, by making a 8 

cross in the square at the right of the answer which he intends to 9 

i^ive. 10 



— voting for 
presidential 
electors. 

1892, 279, § 2. 

1893, 417, § 163. 
1898, 548, § 225. 
'1 Op. A. G. 

-;9.] 



381 



Section 228. A voter may vote for an entire group of candi- 1 

dates for presidential electors l)y making a cross [ x ] in the square 2 

at the right of the party or political designation inimediately above 3 

such group. If a voter does not intend to vote for any one can- 4 

didate in the group, he may erase his name, and the cross shall 5 

count as a vote for each of the other candidates in such group. 6 

If a voter desires to vote for another person in place of a candidate 7 

whose name he has erased, he may insert his name in one of the 8 

blank spaces and make a cross in the scjuare at the right thereof. 9 

A voter who does not mark for any group of candidates may vote 10 

for candidates for electors, up to the number to be elected, by in- 11 

serting names in the blank spaces at the end of the groups of electors 12 

and nialdng a cross in the square at the right of each name so in- 13 

serted. 14 



— assistance 
to voter. 

1888, 436, § 25. 

1889, 413, § 25. 
189S, 548, § 226. 



— officers' 
certificate. 
1891, 238. 
1893, 417, § 164. 
159 Mass. 489. 



Section 229. A voter who declares on oath to the presiding 1 

officer that he had the right to vote on the first day of May in the 2 

year eighteen hundred and tifty-seven and cannot read, or that from 3 

l^lindness or other physical disal)ility he is unal)le to prepare his 4 

ballot shall l)e assisted in the marking thereof by one or two of 5 

the election officers, who shall be of such political party, represented 6 

among the election officers, as the voter may request ; and they 7 

shall certify, on the outside of the l^allot that it was marked with 8 

their assistance, and shall thereafter give no information regarding 9 

the same. 10 



Dislinguisli- 
Ing marks on 
ballots pro- 
hibited. 
1889, 413, § 27. 

1892, 368. 

1893, 417, § 165. 



Section 230. Except as authorized l)y this chapter, no voter, 1 

election officer or other person shall place any mark upon a ballot 2 

by which it may be identified ; nor shall any person place a mark 3 

against any name upon a ballot not cast by himself. i898, 548, § 227. 4 



Additional 
ballots, how 
obtained. 

1888, 436, § 24. 

1889, 413, § 24. 
1893, 417, § 166. 



Section 231. If a voter spoils a ballot, he may obtain two 1 

others, one at a time, upon returning each spoiled one, and all 2 

ballots so returned shall immediately be cancelled by the election 3 

officers. 1898, 548, § 228. 159 Mass. 488. 4 



Voter to fold 
ballot after 
marking. 
1889, 413, § 23. 
1893, 417, § 167. 
1898, 548, § 229. 
159 Mass. 488. 



Time allowed 
voter in en- 
closed space, 
etc. 



Section 232. Before leaving the marking compartment the 
voter shall fold his ballot, without displaying the marks thereon, 
as it was folded when received by him, and he shall keep it so 
folded until he has voted. A voter shall mark and deposit his ballot 
without undue delay, and shall leave the space enclosed by the guard 
rail as soon as he has voted. No voter shall occupy a marking 
compartment occupied by another, nor remain Avithin the guard 



Chap. 11.] elections. 161 

8 rail more than ten minutes, nor occupy a voting compartment 

9 more than live minutes, if all the marking compartments are in 
10 use and other voters are waiting to occupy the same. 

1 Section 233. A voter after marking his ballot shall give his Deposit of 

2 name and, if requested, his residence, to the presiding officer, who i889°4i3, §§ 23, 

3 shall distinctly announce the same. If the name is found upon the 1890^423, §§ 90, 

4 voting list by the election officer, he shall distinctl}^ repeat the name H^^ ^j_ ^^^ 

5 and check it upon the voting list ; and the voter may then deposit i^^98; 548^ § 230. 

6 his ballot in the ballot box with the official indorsement uppermost 103 Mass. 543. 

7 and in sight. No ballot without the official indorsement, except as iss Mass! 214,' 

8 provided in section two hundred and ten, shall be deposited in iloMass. 390, 

9 the ballot box. No person shall vote if his name is not on the 'i??Mass. 518. 

10 voting list, nor until the election officer shall check his name thereon, voter to be 

1 1 unless he presents a certificate from the registrars of voters as pro- ort^ertmcate!* 

12 vided. by section sixty-four. p."s. tI'^J T^' 

• 

1 Section 234. No person shall remove any ballot from the space Nobaiiotto 

2 enclosed by the guard rail before the polls are closed. No voter 'votg^^Jt^fo 

3 whose name has been checked on the voting list in charge of the reenter en- 

4 ballot clerk, other than an election officer or supervisor, shall ao;ain 1888, 436, § 24'. 

r. . Ill 1 • ^1 1 i- 1889, 413, §§ 23, 

enter such enclosed space during the election. 1893, 417, § i69. i898, 548, § 231. 24. 

1 Section 235. If in any state, city or town election at which ^ote"®"^*^'^ 

2 official Ijallots are used the riffht of a person ofFerino; to vote is if^I' 206. 

. . . . P- s. 7, §§22, 23. 

3 challeno;ed for any le^al cause, the presiding officer shall administer i890,' 423, § 92. 

.( + U- +1 ^ 11 • 4^1 1892, 332, §1. 

4 to him the tollowing oath : 1893, 417, § 170. 

1897, 530, §§ 7, 9. 

1898, 548, § 232. 

You do solemnly swear [or affirm] that 3011 are the identical person Avhom 
3'ou represent yourself to be, that you are registered in this ^jrecinct [or town] 
and that you have not voted at this election. 

5 He shall also be required to write his name and residence on the 

6 outside of the ballot offered, and the presiding officer shall add 

7 thereto the name of the person challenging and the cause assigned 

8 therefor, whereupon such ballot shall be received ; and no person 

9 shall make any statement or give any information in regard thereto, 

10 except as required by law. The clerk shall record the name and 

11 residence of every person who has been challenged and has voted. 

COUNTING or VOTES. 

1 Section 236. The blank forms and apparatus provided by the state blanks 

2 secretary of the commonwealth shall be used in ascertaining the for couuting"" 

3 result of the election or vote in state elections in cities and towns, uscd^ '^^^ '^'^ 

4 in city elections, in elections of town officers in towns in which {ggg' fi7' f^'i"' 

5 official ballots are used, and also in taking the vote upon any pro- i898, 548, § 233. 

6 posed amendment to the constitution, upon the question of granting 

7 licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors, and upon any other 

8 question submitted by statute to the voters of the commonwealth, 

9 or of any city or town in which official ballots are used. If it is 

10 impossible to use such blank forms or apparatus, the canvass of the 

1 1 votes shall be made as the presiding officer shall direct ; and the clerk 

12 shall record the facts relating to the failure to use such blank forms 



1(52 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



or apparatus, and shall enclose an attested copy of such record in 13 
the envelope with the ballots cast. 14 



Proceedings at 
close of polls. 
1857, 171. 
G. S. 7, § 15. 
P. S. 7, § 26. 
1884, 299, § 19. 

1890, 423, ^ 95. 

1891, 328, § 4. 

1892, 431. 

1893, 146; 308; 
417, § 172. 
1895, 240. 

1898, 548, § 234. 

1899, 209. 

[1 Op. A. G. 3.] 



Town or pre- 
cinct clerk to 
make pul)lic 
announce- 
ment. 



Voting lists, 
ballots after 
removal from 
ballot box, etc. 
to be kept in 
view, etc. 



Removal of 
liallots from 
ballot box 
before voting 
has ceased ; 
counting, etc. 
P. S. 7. 
1884, 298, § 20. 

1892, 405. 

1893, 14<>; 417, 
§§ 150, 172, 173. 

1894, 275. 
1901, 89. 



Section 237. If the state ballot box is used, the clerk shall, as 1 

soon as the polls are closed, record the l)allot box register. The 2 

election officers shall then, publicly and in the presence of the other 3 

election officers, count audibly and distinctly the number of names 4 

checked on each list and announce the same. The ballot box shall 5 

then be opened ])y the ])residing officer and the ballots taken there- 6 

from and audibly counted, one liy one, and the whole number of 7 

ballots cast shall l)e publicly announced by him. The ballots may 8 

be divided into convenient packages, and, except as hereinafter 9 

provided, each block or package shall be canvassed and counted by 10 

two election officers representing the two leading political parties, 11 

detailed l^y the presiding officer. Each election officer, in so can- 12 

vassing and counting votes, shall be under the inspection, of an 13 

election officer of a different political party. The resuit of the 14 

canvass and count shall lie reported to the presiding officer, who 15 

shall cause it to be correctly recorded on the blank forms pro- Ki 

vided for the purpose. At state elections in towns not divided 17 

into voting precincts, the canvass and count of votes shall be 18 

made by the selectmen and town clerk, who may be assisted by 19 

the tellers. ^ 20 

The clerk in open meeting shall publicly announce the result 21 

of the vote and enter in his records, in words at length, the total 22 

number of names of male and female voters checked on the voting 23 

lists, the total number of ballots cast, the names of all persons 24 

voted for, the number of votes for each person and the title of 25 

the office for which he was a candidate, the number of Ijlank ballots 26 

for each office, and the number of affirmative and negative votes in 27 

answer to any question submitted to the voters, and shall forth- 2S 

with make a copy of such record, certify and seal up the same, and 29 

deliver it to the city or town clerk, who shall forthwith enter it in 30 

his records. 31 

The voting lists and all ballots removed from the ballot box shall 32 

be kept in open view of the voters present until enclosed and sealed 33 

up, and all proceedings in the canvass and counting of votes shall 34 

be public and in open view of the voters, and there shall be no ad- 35 

journment or postponement until the canvass and counting have 36 

been completed, and the voting lists and Imllots have been enclosed 37 

and sealed up. 38 

In towns, and after two o'clock in the afternoon in cities of less 39 

than fifty thousand inhabitants, according to the last national or 40 

state census, the ballot box at any polling place may be opened 41 

and ballots taken therefrom for counting when all the selectmen and 42 

the town clerk, or lioth the moderator and the town clerk, as the 43 

case may be, or all the election officers at the voting precinct shall 44 

so order. When the ballots have been thus removed, the presiding 45 

officer shall select from the election officers an equal number from 46 

each of the two leading political parties, who shall canvass such 47 

ballots, in accordance with the provisions of this section ; but no 48 

announcement of the result of such canvass shall be made ])y any 49 

election officer until the total result of the canvass of ballots has 50 

been ascertained. 51 



Chap. 11.] elections. 163 

1 Section 238. If the use of a state ballot box is required, no certain baiiots 

2 ballot shall be counted unless it has been deposited in and can- counted^ 

3 celled by such ballot box, or has been otherwise deposited accord- ilgJ'iUle! 

4 ing to the provisions of section two hundred and fifteen ; and no H^^' f^' | ^-^ 

5 ballot shall be counted in any election for which official ballots are Jf^^^/^^; § 235. 

•^ 164 Mass. 489. 

6 provided except such ballots. It a voter marks more names than 

7 there are persons to be elected to an office, or if his choice cannot 

8 be determined, his ballot shall not be counted for such office. 

9 Ballots cast but not counted shall be marked ' ' defective " on the Defective 
10 outside thereof, and shall be preserved like other ballots. 

1 Section 239. The presidins; officer at every polling place at Baiiots cast to 

2 elections of state and city officers and of town officers in towns in indorsed, etc. 

•» -^ ^v^ J ^ 1884 299 § 22 

3 which official ballots are used shall, after the record of the counting issg^ 4i3| §§ 24, 

4 has been made, cause all ballots cast to be publicly enclosed in an 1890, 386, §§ 14, 

5 envelope and sealed up wdth the seal provided for the purpose, iss^sfw.^nn^' 

6 and also wdth the private seal of any election officer who may desire ^^^^' ^^> § -^^• 

7 to affix the same ; and a majority of the election officers of the voting 

8 precinct or town shall indorse upon such envelope the polling place, 

9 the election and the date, and also a certificate that all the ballots 

10 cast by the voters of such precinct or town, and none other, are 

11 contained therein. He shall cause all ballots not cast to be en- 

12 closed in an envelope and sealed up as aforesaid, and shall certify on 

13 the envelope the contents thereof. Such presiding officer shall ^c^^tfbe*^' 

14 cause the voting lists to be enclosed in an envelope and sealed up as p ^1^*1 Taq*'**'- 

15 aforesaid, and a majority of the election officers shall certify thereon i8'84,'299, § 24. 

16 to the identity of the voting lists enclosed. He shall forthwith per- Ballots and 

17 sonally deliver to the city or town clerk, or in Boston to the elec- livered to city 

18 tion commissioners, or transmit to him or them, by the police officer ris!T,V''j"'^ 

19 or constable in attendance at the election, all the ballots cast, and 

20 not cast, the voting lists, the ballot box, ballot box seals and count- 

21 ing apparatus. 

1 Section 240. Upon written application, signed by at least ten voting list, 

2 voters in the town or ward of which the precinct forms a part, the i8iS^,'299,*§ 24. 

3 city or town clerk, and in Boston, the election commissioners, may 1897; 530; 1 1!^' 

4 open the envelope containing such voting list and may make a copy ^'^^**> ^^> § ^^'^• 

5 of the list as checked. In Boston, such copies shall contain only the 

6 name and residence of the voter. After any such voting list has 

7 been so copied, said clerk or board shall at once enclose the list in 

8 an envelope and seal up the same and certify thereon to the identity 

9 of such lists. 

1 Section 241. City and town clerks shall retain in their custody Baiiots cast, 

2 the envelope containing the ballots cast, without examining them destniction. 

3 or permitting them to be examined by any person except as re- ^S^l^lg'^l'^f- 

4 quired by law, and upon the expiration of the period fixed for their fgvf'v"!^^*' 

5 preservation shall cause such ballots to be destroyed. 1889'413'lm 

6 City and town clerks shall retain in their custody the voting lists 26. 

.7 ./ o 1890 386 §5 14 

7 and ballots not cast as long as they retain the ballots cast. They 16; 423, §§ 100,' 

8 shall then transmit such voting lists to the registrars of voters for 1893, 417, § i76. 

9 future reference, and shall destroy the cancelled ballots. ^^^^' ^*''' ^ ^^^• 

145 Mass. 257. 157 Mass. 403. 



164 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. U. 



Record not to 
be rejected 
if votes .ascer- 
tainable. 
1852, 209, § 1. 
G. S. 7, § 16. 



RECOEDS AND CERTIFICATES OF ELECTION. 

Section 242. No record of votes cast or copy thereof shall be 1 
rejected if the number of votes given for each candidate for an 2 
office can be ascertained therefrom. i874, 376, § 27. p. s. 7, §37; 8, §10. 3 

1890, 423, §§ 102, 151. 1893, 417, § 177. 1898, 548, § 239. 



Examination 
of precinct re- 
turns, correc- 
tion, etc. 
1852, 209, § 1. 
G. S. 7, § 16. 
P. S. 7, <i 37. 
1890, 423, ^ 102. 

1892, 190, § 1. 

1893, 417, § 178. 
1898, 548, § 240. 



— certification 
of copies. 



Section 243. The aldermen and city clerk, in Boston the elec- 1 

tion commissioners, and the selectmen and town clerk in towns 2 

divided into voting precincts, shall forthwith after a state or city 3 

election examine the copies of the records of the election officers, 4 

and if any error appears therein, they shall forthwith give notice 5 

thereof to the officers by whom the error was made, who shall forth- (i 

with make an additional record under oath in conformity with the 7 

facts and deliver a copy thereof to the city or town clerk or board. 8 

Such copy of the records made, with or without notice as aforesaid, 9 

shall be received by the city or town clerks or board at any time 10 

before the last day fixed for the transmission of copies of records of 1 1 

the votes cast in the city or town, or on which the results of the 12 

election are required to be declared. 13 

The aldermen and city clerk, the election commissioners, and 14 

the selectmen and town clerk, shall examine all original and all 1.5 

additional copies of the records and make them part of the records KJ 

of such election, and shall certify and attest copies of the records 17 

of votes for the several candidates. 18 



City and town 

clerks to ni:ike 

return. 

G. S. 7, § 17. 

1881, 05. 

P. S. 7, §40; 9, 

§4. 

1890, 423, §§ 108, 

166. 

1893, 417, § 179. 

1896, 469, § 9. 

1898,217, § 1; 

548, § 241. 

20 Pick. 484. 

13 Gray, 83. 

153 Mass. 108. 



Section 244. The clerk of each city and town, within ten days, 1 

and in Boston, the election commissioners within fifteen days, after 2 

the day of any election therein for representative in congress, gov- 3 

ernor, lieutenant governor, councillor, secretary, treasurer and 4 

receiver general, auditor of accounts, attorney general, clerk of 5 

courts, register of probate and insolvency, sheriff, district attorney, 6 

or senator, or for presidential electors, shall transmit to the secre- 7 

tary of the commonwealth copies of the records of votes for such 8 

officers, certified by the aldermen or the selectmen, or by the 9 

election commissioners, and attested and sealed by the clerk or 10 

by said board. The city or town clerk shall, ^vithin ten days after 11 

an election for county treasurer or register of deeds, transmit to the 12 

county commissioners, and within ten days after an election therein 13 

for county commissioners or associate commissioners, transmit to the 14 

clerk of the courts the records of votes for such officers, certified, 15 

attested and sealed as aforesaid. In the city of Boston the records 1(3 

of the votes cast for register of deeds shall be transmitted by the 17 

election commissioners to the aldermen, and the records of the 18 

votes cast in the towns of Revere and Winthrop for county com- 19 

missioner and associate commissioners shall be transmitted to the 20 

clerk of the courts for the county of Middlesex. Such copies shall 21 

be transmitted in envelopes, upon whicii shall be stated the offices 22 

for which and the districts in which the votes were cast. 23 



Proceedings 
when copy 
is received 
unsealed. 
1852, 209, § 2. 
G. S. 7, § 19. 
P. S. 7, § 42. 



Section 245. If any such copy transmitted to the secretary of 
the commonwealth is not sealed as required by law, he shall forth- 
M'ith give notice thereof to the officers who transmitted the same ; 
and thereupon another copy shall be made, attested, certified, sealed 



CpIAP. 11.] ELECTIONS. 165 

5 and transmitted to the secretaiy. If the second copy is received 15 In J iso! 

6 l)y him before determination of the persons appearing to be elected i^^«. ^^s, § 242. 

7 and the original appears to be in substantial conformity therewith, 

8 the original copy shall not be rejected. 

1 Section 246. The secretary of the commonwealth shall cause Memorandum 

2 the date of the receipt of each copy of the records of votes to be ceiptotcopyof 

3 indorsed on the envelope containing it ; and if received unsealed, a ii57,'"|,5j§ 2!^®" 

4 memorandum thereof shall be made on the copy. p.' I.' 7,' § 44.' 

1890, 423, § 113. 1803, 417, § 181. 1898, 548, § 243. 

1 Section 247. The secretary of the commonwealth shall lay be- Examinatiou 

2 fore the governor and council the copies of the records of votes cast ancf coundL 
8 with their seals unbroken. The governor with at least five council- c.^'iTli^ai-t^'s. 

4 lors shall, as soon as may be, open and examine all such copies and ^rts!"6' n,"!!'' 

5 determine who are elected to the several offices. Upon such deter- R^s. 5, §22; e, 

6 mination, the secretary, upon application, shall furnish to newspapers isse, 173, §§ 4, 

7 an abstract of the records of the votes examined. 



G. S. 7, § 22. 1882, 28, § 3. 1893, 417, § 182. 

P. S. 7, § 45. 1890, 423, §§ 114, 115. 1898, 548, § 244. 



1 Section 248. The governor shall, in the presence of at least ^^^^^^^Jjftf^^* 

2 five councillors, certify to the results of the examination of the etc., by the 

3 copies of the records of the votes for governor and lieutenant gov- Amend, const., 

4 ernor, for councillors, for secretary, treasurer and receiver general, i857;295, §3. 

5 auditor of accounts, and attorney general, and for senators and p.' f.' 7,' 1 46." 

6 shall issue his summons to such persons as appear to be chosen to \lf' ^'^^' ^^ ^"■ 

7 said ofiices. The governor shall issue certificates of election to such iggj ^^; | ?245. 

8 persons as appear to be chosen to the ofiices of representative in 

9 congress, clerk of the courts, register of probate and insolvency, 

10 sherifi" and district attorney, which shall he countersigned and trans- 

11 mitted by the secretary. 

1 Section 249. After such certification, such copies shall be certificates 

2 replaced ih their respective envelopes and delivered with the cer- Amend, const., 

3 tificate of examination to the secretary, who shall on the first 1857^ 295, § 4. 

4 Wednesday in January lay the same, with schedules showing the g;1'.7%24. 

5 number of ballots cast for each person voted for, l^efore the senate fg-gl; 28,^3." 

6 and house of representatives. im 423, §§ 115, 

7 Except for the above purposes, all such copies, both original 1893, 417, § m. 

1 i 1 i '^^ T J. \li .l 1 11 • iU • 1898, 548, § 246. 

8 and corrected, transmitted to the secretary, shall remain on file in 

9 his ofi[ice and be there open to the inspection of any interested 
10 person. 

1 Section 250. The copies of the records of votes for presi- ^lectorrexam- 

2 dential electors shall, in any event, within ten days after they have i^;J**°°t>ote8. 

3 been transmitted to the secretary of the commonwealth l)e opened J|^^'^"'A| 

4 and examined by the governor and council, who shall thereafter p.s! 9;§i3! 

o declare, by proclamation printed m at least one ncAvspaper m eacn i89o, 423, § 173. 

6 county, the names of the persons who have received at least one 18981 548^ § 247'. 

7 fifth of the entire number of votes cast for electors, and the num- 

8 ber of votes received by each such person. The several persons, to 

9 the number of electors required to be chosen, who have received 

10 the highest number of votes so ascertained, unless notice of a con- 

11 test has been received by the governor, shall, at the expiration of 



■y(yQ ELECTIONS. [ChAP. 11. 

fourteen days from the date of such proclamation, be deemed to l)e 12 

elected ; and the governor shall thereupon issue a certificate of elec- 13 

tion to every such person. 14 

Presidential SECTION 251. Any pcrsou wlio appears, by the proclamation of 1 

petition' to the govcmor, to have received not less than one-tifth of the entire 2 

ci£U^court''for number of votes cast for electors, may, if the election is contested, 3 

eiw^lmfas^ '^^ apply by petition to the supreme judicial court for the county of 4 

pTOcee(iiii^s. Suttollv, for a declaration of his election as an elector. Such petition 5 

i89o' III' II n8- shall set forth the name of every person whose election is contested 6 

i®**-' „' ,. and the ground for the contest shall be filed within seven days after 7 

187.' " ' ' the date of such proclamation and shall not thereafter be amended. 8 

ih9s, b, § - . gg^Qj.g jjj-^y proceedings thereon, the petitioner shall recognize to the 9 

commonwealth, in such sum and with such sureties as the court 10 

shall order, to pay all costs incurred in the prosecution of his peti- 11 

tion if he shall not prevail. If the petitioner prevails, the costs 12 

shall be paid by the commonwealth. The court shall fix a day for 13 

a hearing by the full court, which shall be not less than three nor 14 

more than seven days after the date of the filing of the yjetition, 15 

and shall order notice of the hearing to be given, with a statement 16 

of the substance of the petition in such manner as it may direct, to 17 

the governor and to every person whose election is contested. 18 

The court shall also order such notice to be published in at least 19 

one newspaper designated by it in each county. 20 

—appearance SECTION 252. The petitioner and the contestant may appear and 1 

and contest- produce evidence at the hearing, and no person other than the peti- 2 

1888, 382, §§ T-i). tiouer or a contestant shall l)e made a party to the proceedings on 3 

1890, 423, §§ 181- ^^^^^_^ petition, or be heard thereon. If more than one petition is 4 

1898' 548', 1 249! pending, or the election of more than one person is contested, the 5 

court may, in its discretion, order the cases to be heard together and 6 

shall a})portion the costs between them, and shall finally determine 7 

- testimony of all qucstious of law aud fact. No person shall be excused from testi- 8 

compulsory, fjing 01' producing papers or documents therein on the ground that 9 

his testimony or the production of the papers or documents will 10 

tend to criminate him ; but no person so testifying shall be liable to 11 

any suit or prosecution, civil or criminal, for any matter or cause in 12 

respect of which he shall be so examined or to which his testimony 13 

shall relate, except to a prosecution for perjury committed in such 14 

rr*tif"^decision testimony. The court shall forthwith certify its decision to the gov- 15 

to governor, emor, who shall thereupon issue certificates of election in accord- 16 

i89M23'§i84. ance therewith. If the petitioner does not pi'osecute his petition it 17 

' '' ' shall be dismissed and notice thereof given to the governor, who 18 

shall issue certificates of election to the persons entitled thereto. 19 

Returnsof SECTION 253. The couuty commissioners to whom the copies of 1 

tJS.7,§|4. tlie records of votes tor county treasurer and register of deeds have 2 

p. s. 7, § 5oT been transmitted shall, on the first Wednesday of the month follow- 3 

1884, 299, § 34. .,11,. • 1 • l / • 1 + A 

1890, 423, § 121. ing the election, examine such copies, determine what persons 4 

1898; 548, 1 250. ap})ear to be elected, issue certificates of election to them and give 5 

2 Gray, 370. noticc to the Secretary of the commonwealth of the name, residence 6 

and term of office of every person elected. 7 

In the county of Suffolk, the election commissioners of Boston 8 

shall, within ten days after the election of register of deeds, in like 9 



Chap. 11.] elections. 167 

10 manner examine the copies of the records of votes, determine who 

11 appears to be elected, issue a certificate and give notice as above 

12 provided. 

1 Section 254. In each county except Suffolk and Nantucket, the Board of ex- 

2 judge and register of the prolmte court and the clerk of the courts pensaTion^**™" 

3 shall 1)e a board of examiners ; and if two of said oflfices are held })y 1835,^152, § 1. 

4 the same person in any county, the sheriff shall be a member of the ^18^40^^^'' 

5 board. The members of said board shall each be paid at the rate of J|'^|i- .^s- 

6 three dollars a day for every day employed in the performance of 17, § 49! 

7 their duties and ten cents a mile for travel to and from the place §§31,33. '' ' 

8 of their meeting ; and their accounts shall be audited and settled by Ho!' *'^' ^^ ^^^' 

9 the county treasurer. Said board shall meet on the first Wednes- \lll\ 54^' 1 251; 

10 day of the month following an election for county commissioner or isGray*^" 

11 associate commissioners and shall examine such copies, determine Jff JJ*'^^- ?^f • 

12 what persons appear to be elected, issue certificates 01 election to 109. 

13 them and give notice to the secretary of the commonwealth of the 

14 name, residence and term of office of every person so elected, and 

15 shall, within three days thereafter deposit said copies in the office 

16 of the clerk of the courts. 

1 Section 255. If it shall appear to the governor and council, to New return if 

2 the board of examiners, or to the county commissioners, that any of votes Ts^*''^ 

3 such copy is incomplete or erroneous, they may order a new copy issvil.'fi." 

4 of the records to be made and transmitted to them. Such new copy Hlf f^l' |._|^- 

5 shall be transmitted by the city or town clerk within seven days ^^93' 417' |j^|- 

6 thereafter, and if found to be correct and in conformity to the i898,' ms,' § 252' 

7 requirements of law, shall have the same force as a first copy. 

1 Section 256. If a district for the election of representatives in Election, 

2 the general court is composed of one city or town, or one or more examination 

3 wards of a city, the board of aldermen or the selectmen shall forth- uve^^lfstrict of 

4 with examine the records of the votes and determine who appear to towu!'"^ °^ 

5 be elected. The city or town clerk shall record the names of all S!?^'fl^f 

1 "^ , 1893, 417, § 194. 

6 persons for whom votes for representative were cast, and the num- i898, 548, § 253. 

7 ber of votes for each. 

1 Section 257. In other representative districts, the election offi- more towns. 

2 cers in every voting precinct, and the selectmen and town clerk of ^'''^ l^s. § 25. 

3 each town therein not divided into voting precincts, shall, as soon i89o, 423, §§ 149, 

4 as the vote for representatives has been recorded, cause a complete 1893, 417, § 195. 

5 copy of such record to l)e made, and shall certify, seal and deliver it • >* • 

6 to the city or town clerk. 

7 The city and town clerks in such districts shall meet at the place City and town 

clerks to QetGr- 

8 designated at noon on the tenth day following the day of the elec- mine election. 

9 tion ; l3ut on the fourth day following the day of an election to fill 2»'. ' ' '^^ ' 

10 a vacancy. They shall examine the copies of the records of votes fsse.'^I.Vs.^^' 

11 of every such voting precinct and town, and determine who appear 

12 to be elected to the office of representative. They shall, in words 

13 at length, make and certify a schedule of the names of all persons 

14 for whom votes for representative were cast in the district and the 

15 number of votes for each, and the clerk of each city and town shall 

16 record such schedule within four days after the day of the meeting. 



168 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Designation SECTION 258. If a representative district is included within the 

meeting. provisions of the preceding section, the officers authorized to divide 

tn.Ti!' *'°''^^'' the county into representative districts shall, in making such divi- 
p.'s. 8?§ 9.^' sion, designate a place in each such district or adjacent thereto at 
1S90, 423, §§ 149, ^jjjyji the clcrks shall meet to determine the result of the election. 
1893, 417, § io(;. Such v)lace of meetino: may l^e chano-ed on petition of two of such 

1897, 4(5, § 1. X 1 • ^ 1 i'~ 1 • j_ 

1898, 548, § 25,j. olci'lvS after a hearing; but not ottener than once in two years. 
Notice of such designation and of every change thereof shall be 
given by the said officers having such authority to the secretary of 
the commonwealth, and to every city and town clerk in the district. 



1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 



Correction 
of errors in 
returns. 
P. S. 8, § 10. 
1890, 423, § 151. 
1893, 417, § 197. 
1898, 548, § 256. 



Section 259. If an error appears in the copies of the records 1 

of votes for a representative, the city and town clerks shall forthwith 2 

o-ive notice thereof to the election officers, who shall thereupon make 3 

an additional record under oath and transmit a copy thereof to said 4 

clerks. Such additional copy shall l)e examined by them if received 5 

within two days from the time appointed for their meeting ; and for fi 

such purpose their meeting maybe adjourned for not more than two 7 

days. 8 

Certiflcateof SECTION 260. The hoard of aldermen, the Selectmen, or the city 1 

1874, 376, §§ 29- or towu clcrks acting in a representative district shall make duph- 2 

p.'s. 8, §§ 13-15. cate certificates of election of the persons appearing to be elected 3 

i89o; 423; §§ 153, and shall, within fifteen days after the day of the election, transmit 4 

i893,^4i7,Ti98. ^^^^ Certificate to the secretary of the commonwealth, and shall 5 

1898', 548', § 257. transmit the other certificate, by a constable or other officer, to the 6 

person elected. Such certificates of election shall be in the follow- 7 

ing form : — 8 

Commonwealth of jVIassachiisetts, county of . At a meeting 

of the qualified voters of Representative District Number , held on the 

day of November instant, for the choice of Representatives in the 

General Court to be holden on the first AV^ednesday of January next , 

were elected to said office. 

Dated at the day of in the year one thousand nine 

himdred and 



Return of^er- Scctious ouc to four, iuclusivc, of chapter three, this section and 9 

cateofeiec- scction two hundred and seventy-six of this chapter shall be 10 

1874,' 376, § 34. printed Oil cverv sucli fomi. The officer transmitting the certificate 11 

shall make a return of his doino;s. 



12 



Return ot Section 2()1. City and town clerks shall, within fifteen days 

sentativeto after an election for representative in thie general court, transmit to 
i8w,^423,^§ 155. the secretary of the commonwealth an attested copy of the record 
ill; 548, 1 258'. of votes cast for all candidates for said office in each voting pre- 
cinct and in each town not divided into voting precincts. 



Section 262. The whole luimber of ballots cast at elections 



Record of 

ballots. shall be stated in words at length in the records of votes and in all 2 

p.^s.'8,n9.^' copies thereof, but if not so stated, the record or copy shall not be 3 

1893' 417' I m invalid if the true result can be ascertained therefrom. i898, 548, § 2.59. 4 



Violation of 
requirements 
not to invali- 



Section 263. A violation by a public officer or election officer 1 
of laws relative to providing ballot boxes, Ijlank forms and otlier 2 



Chap. 11.] elections. 1(59 

3 apparatus or to the care and preservation thereof, or to the manner date title of 

4 of canvassing and counting votes, shall not invalidate any record or i'lgT^sal.'ftt'^' 

5 copy of a record or certificate made by a city, precinct or town isol; ms' 1 2(;o'. 

6 clerk, or affect the title of a person declared to be elected to office. 

1 Section 2(34. The city or town clerk shall, within fifteen days Return of 

2 after an election of state, city or town officers, certify to the secre- names'checke.i 

3 tary of the commonwealth the total number of names of male and to slwl'tfrv!*^'^ 

4 of female voters checked on the votino- list at such election in each Jf^'^v^^^^^^' 

. ~ 42.i, § 109. 

5 voting precinct or town. isos, 548, § 26i. 1893, 417, § 203. 

1 Section 265. The secretary of the commonwealth shall, before Report to gen- 

2 the first day of February, report to the general court the number of nifmber oVas- 

3 assessed polls, the num1)er of registered male and female voters at reeiste?ed^**' 

4 the date of the preceding annual state election and city or town [8°9o*'''|23^*k'3. 

5 election, and the total number of persons, male and female, who f^^,\y^- 

6 voted at each such election in every city and town, and in everv isssUn,' § 204. 

. 1894 200 

7 voting precinct therein, and the number of votes received by each 1898^ sisi § 262. 

8 candidate for a state office, arranged by cities, towns and districts, 

9 and a concise statement of other matters relating to elections, with 
10 such suggestions as he may deem advisable. 



recounts of votes. 

1 Section 266. If a person who has received votes for any office contested 

2 at an election shall, within thirty dsiya thereafter, himself or by fsTefiss, § 2. 

3 his agent serve upon a city or town clerk a written claim to such fssf,' 299^^29. 

4 office or a declaration of an intention to contest the election of any \ll?^' '^If | ^j]| 

5 other person, the clerk shall retain the envelopes containino- the i§^^j ^48', § 263 

r, T M I- 1 rt^ •! 1 1 • • 'IT ^°' Mass. 403. 

ballots tor such omce until such claim is withdrawn or the contest 

7 is determined. The envelopes and ballots shall be subject to the 

8 order of the body to which such person claims to be elected, or of 

9 the officers required by law finally to examine the records and to 

10 issue certificates of election to such office, or of any court having 

11 jurisdiction thereof. Such body or officers may require the clerk 

12 to produce such envelopes and ballots, and may recount the ballots 
lo and amend any record or copy thereof in relation to such office. 



1 Section 267. If, on or before five o'clock on the third day Recoimtof 

2 next succeeding the day of an election in a ward of a city or in a me^m, § 4. 

3 town, ten or more voters of such ward or town shall sign, adding pf|'.7f§36. 

4 thereto their respective residences on the first day of May of that H^' '^^' ^^ ^"' 

5 year, swear to and file with the city or town clerk, or in Boston J^S> ?^|' If ,^-?- 

.,,,. .. , ,-, 1890, 423, 55 i04- 

6 with the election commissioners, a statement that they have reason loe, 226. 

. 1892 224. 

7 to believe and do believe that the records, or copies of records, 1893U17,' §§ 207- 

8 made by the election officers of certain precincts in such ward or 1894,132, §2; 

9 town, or in case of a town not voting by precincts, by the election ilgE.^y;' 299, 

10 officers of such town, are erroneous, specifying wherein they deem ty8',5'48"^§264. 

1 1 them to be in error and that they believe a recount of the ballots J^e Mass. 585. 

. fY- 1 1 • /• Aiass. 403. 

12 cast 111 such precincts or town will affect the election ot one or 

13 more candidates voted for at such election, specifying the ,candi- 

14 dates, or will affect the decision of a question voted upon at such 

15 election, specifying the question, the city or town clerk shall forth- 

16 with ti^ansmit such statement and the envelopes containing the bal- 



170 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

lots, sealed, to the registrars of voters, who shall, without unneces- 17 

sary delay, open the envelopes, recount the Imllots and determine 18 

the questions raised ; but upon a recount of votes for town officers 19 

in a town in which the selectmen are members of the board of 20 

registrars of voters, the recount shall be made by the moderator, 21 

who shall have all the i)owers and perform all the duties conferred 22 

or imposed by this section upon registrars of voters. 23 

The registrars of voters, or in Boston the election commissioners, 24 

shall, before proceeding to recount the ballots, give notice in writ- 2.5 

ing to the several candidates interested in such recount and liable 26 

to be affected thereby, or to such person as shall be designated by 27 

the petitioners for a recount of ballots cast upon questions submitted 28 

to the voters, of the time and place of making the recount, and each 29 

such candidate or person representing petitioners may appear and 30 

be present during such recount, either in person or by an agent 31 

appointed by him in writing. In the city of Boston, the chairman 32 

of the city committee representing the largest political party and 33 

the chairman of the city committee representing the second largest 34 

political party may in writing designate two persons, or such further 35 

number as the election commissioners may allow, to be present and 3(5 

witness the count, and said board shall allow each candidate whose 37 

election is in question, or his representative, to be present and may 38 

allow representatives of other political parties and other persons to 39 

be present and witness the recount. 40 

All recounts shall be upon the questions designated in the state- 41 

ments filed, and no other count shall be made, or allowed to be 42 

made, or other information taken, or allowed to be taken, from the 43 

ballots on such recount. 44 

The registrars of voters shall, when the recount is complete, 45 

enclose all the ballots in their proper envelopes, seal each envel- 46 

ope with a seal provided for the purpose, and certify upon each 47 

envelope that the same has been opened and again sealed in con- 48 

formity to law ; and shall likewise make and sign a statement of 49 

their determination of the questions raised. The envelopes, with 50 

such statement, shall be returned to the city or town clerk, and 51 

he shall alter and amend such records as have been found to be 52 

erroneous in accordance with such determination ; and the records 53 

so amended shall stand as the true records of the election. Such 54 

amended records of votes cast at a state election shall be made and 55 

transmitted as required by law in the case of copies of original rec- 56 

ords. If, in case of a recount of votes for town officers, it shall 57 

appear that a person was elected other than the person declared 58 

to have been elected, the board of registrars of voters shall forth- 59 

with make and sign a certificate of such fact, stating therein the 60 

number of votes cast, as determined by the recount, for each can- 61 

didate for the office the election to which is disputed, and shall file 62 

the same with the to^vn clei'k. The town clerk shall record the cer- 63 

tificate and shall, within twenty-four hours after such filing, cause 64 

a copy of such certificate, attested by him, to be delivered to or 65 

left at the residence of the person so declared to have been elected, QQ 

and to the person avIio by such certificate appears to he elected. 67 

Boards of registrars of voters may employ such clerical assist- 68 

ance as they may deem necessary to enable them to carry out the 69 

provisions of this section . 70 



Chap. 11.] elections. 171 

1 Section 268. No officer recounting ballots shall, except as re- information 

2 quired by law, make any statement or give any information relative chaue^nged 

3 to a ballot cast by a challenged voter. isgs, 417, § 213. i898, 548, § 265. ^92,^332, § 1. 

1 Section 269. The Ijoard of aldermen shall not declare the result c/i^fn*°r "^"'it 

2 of an election for state or city officers or of a vote upon any ques- ot elections in 

• • • • ••• cities 

3 tion submitted to the voters until the time for filins^ a petition for a isin, iss, § 5. 

4 recount of ballots has expired, or, if such petition has been filed, i884,'299;'§"32. 

5 until the ballots have been recounted and the returns amended, not- isss.'iet 

6 withstanding any special act relating to such city. After the ballots jsoa' 417' | ail' 

7 have been recounted and the records amended, said board shall forth- i898, 548^ § 266. 

8 with declare the result of the election, and the city clerk shall there- 

9 upon issue certificates of their election to the persons elected. No 

10 person elected to a city office shall act in an official capacity by 

11 virtue of such election before such certificate has been issued. 



voting machines and apparatus. 

1 Section 270. The secretary of the commonwealth, the treasurer voting ma. 

2 and receiver general and the auditor of accounts shall at such times, fnatixm and """ 

3 under such conditions, and after such public notice as they shall i||''37|^^§§*i' 2- 

4 determine, examine voting and counting machines and apparatus; 548, §267. 

5 and they shall certify their approval of such machines as, in their 

6 judgment, furnish convenient, simple and satisfactory means of 

7 voting and of ascertaining the true result thereof with facility and 

8 accuracy, special regard being given to the prevention and detec- 

9 tion of double voting ; but no machine shall be approved which does 

10 not secure to the voter as much secrecy in voting as is afforded 

11 by the use of the official ballot. No machine except such as is 

12 approved in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be 

13 used at any election or caucus in this commonwealth ; nor shall any 

14 such machines be used except in accordance with the provisions of 

15 this and the three following; sections. 

1 Section 271. A city or town may, at a meeting held not less —use of. 

2 than ten days before the annual city election in a city and before the 18%; m, 1 1! 

3 annual town meeting in a town, determine upon and purchase one or g^^^.^^*^' ^*^' 

4 more voting and counting machines, approved as provided in the 1901,531. 

5 preceding section, and order the use thereof at elections of state, city 

6 or town officers in said city or town ; and thereafter at all elections 

7 of state, city or town officers in said city or town, until otherwise 

8 ordered by the aldermen in a city and the selectmen in a town, 

9 said machines shall be used for the purpose of voting for the officers 

10 to be elected at such elections and for taking the vote upon the 

11 question of granting licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors 

12 and upon other questions submitted to the voters, and shall also be 

13 used at caucuses if in a town or in a ward of a city, fiftj^ voters, 

14 members of the political party whose caucus is to be held, sign and 

15 file such request with the cit}^ or town clerk. In Boston, the 

16 power to determine upon, purchase and order the use of voting and 

17 counting machines shall be vested in a board consisting of the elec- 

18 tion commissioners and the mayor of the city ; and the expense 

19 so incurred shall be deemed an expense of the election department 

20 of said city ; and the machines so purchased shall be used at such 



172 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Bond from 
vendors. 
1898, 378, §4; 
548, § 269. 



Regulations as 
to use of ma- 
chines. 
1898, 378, §5; 
548, § 270. 



elections and caucuses in that city as the election commissioners 21 

may from time to time determine. 22 

Section 272. When voting and counting machines are purchased 1 

and approved the persons of whom they are purchased shall give to 2 

the secretary of the commonwealth a bond, with sufficient sure- 3 

ties, to keep them in good working order for two years, at their 4 

own expense. 5 

Section 273. The secretary of the commonwealth, the treasurer 1 

and receiver oreneral and the auditor of accounts shall make regula- 2 

tions for the use of the machines approved by them, and prepare and 3 

furnish suitable instructions for the voters in cities or in towns in 4 

which such machines are used. 5 



Presidential 
electors, fail- 
ure to elect a 
majority. 
1851, 40, § 3. 
G. S. 9, § 14. 
P. S. 9, § 14. 
1890, 423, §§ 174, 
175. 
1S93, 417, § 215. 



— proceedings 
upon a va- 
cancy or ab- 
sence. 

1832, 169, § 4. 
R. S. 6, §21. 
G. S. 9, § 1.5. 
P. S. 9, § 15. 



proceedings in cases of failure to elect, and vacancies in 

state offices. 

Section 274. If, upon examination of the copies of the records 
of votes for presidential electors, it appears that a majority of the 
whole number of electors has not been chosen, the governor shall 
forthwith, by proclamation, call together the general court ; and 
the senators and representatives assembled in joint convention 
shall by ballot choose electors to complete the full number. 



1898, 548, § 271. 



146 U. S. 1. 



K the whole number of electors has not been chosen when the 
electors meet on the second Monday in January, or if an elector has 
died or is then absent, the electors present shall forthwith choose 
electors from the citizens of the commonwealth to complete the full 
number. 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 



Representa- 
tive in con- 
gress, failure 
to elect. 
1833, 68, § 4. 
R. S. 6, § 6. 
1851, 40, § 1. 
G. S. 9, § 5. 
P. S. 9, §§ 5, 6. 
1890, 423, 5§ 167, 
168. 



Section 275. Upon a failure to choose a representative in 1 

congress or upon a vacancy in said office, the governor shall 2 

cause precepts to be issued to the aldermen in every city and 3 

the selectmen in every town in the district, directing them to call 4 

meetings of the voters on the day appointed therein for the elec- 5 

tion of such representative. 6 

1893, 417, § 216. 1898, .548, § 272. [1 Op. A. G. 242.] 



Representative 
in general 
court, failure 
to elect. 
Amend, const., 
art. 15. 

1874, .376, § .32. 
P. S. 8, § 16. 
1890, 423, § 1.57. 
1893, 417, 5 217. 
1898, 548, § 273. 
— vacancy. 
1874, 376, § 33. 
P. S. 8, § 17. 
1890, 423, § 158. 



Section 276. Upon a failure to choose a representative in the 1 

general court at the annual state election, a certificate thereof shall 2 

be transmitted forthwith to the secretary of the commonwealth by 3 

the officers re(|uired to transmit certificates of election, and another 4 

election to fill the vacancy for such representative shall be held on 5 

the fourth Monday of the same month of Xovcmber. 6 

Upon a vacancy in the office of representative in the general 7 

court or upon the failure to elect on the fourth Monday of Novem- 8 

ber, the speaker of the house of representatives shall issue precepts 9 

to the boaid of aldermen of each city and the selectmen of each 10 

town comprising the district or any part thereof, appointing such 11 

time as the house of representatives may order for an election to 12 

fill such vacancy. Upon the receipt of such precepts, the aldermen 13 

or the selectmen shall call meetings of the (jiialified voters in the 14 

district, which shall be held in accordance with the precepts. 15 



Chap. 11.] elections. 173 

1 Section 277. Upon a failure to choose a district attorney, clerk ^^'s*™*^ and 

. ^ . -J/ county oflu'ers, 

2 of the courts, register or probate and insolvency or sheriif, the failure to elect. 

3 oovernor shall cause precepts to be issued to the proper officers, isss! 93, § 12! 

4 directing them to call meetings of the voters on the day appointed p." s.' 10,' § lo.' 

5 therein, for the election of such officer. i898, 548, § 274. f^f^'^ 4^^; | .]j^; 

6 Upon a vacancy by removal or otherwise in any of the above — vacancy, 

7 named offices, he shall in like manner cause precepts to be issued i856,T73",§§8,9. 

8 for an election to fill such vacancy at the next annual state election p." |; \l] 1 1|; 

9 for which precepts can be seasonably issued. i89o, 423, § 200. 

10 Upon a vacancy in the office of district attorney, register of pro — vacancy, 

1 1 bate and insolvency or sheriff, the governor with the advice and r' s° u,™^° ' 



56. 



12 consent of the council may appoint some person thereto until a dis- g.^|'.\7%^5|. 

13 triot attorney, register of probate and insolvency or sheriff is elected {5V^§\8;\59' 

14 and qualified. Upon a vacancy in the office of clerk of the courts ^^ ^,3 -.,|,. 

15 in any county, or of the clerk of the supreme judicial court in the 

16 county of Suffolk, the justices of said court may appoint a clerk 

17 Avho shall hold the office until a clerk is elected and qualified. 

18 Upon a vacancy in the office of a clerk of the superior court in 

19 the county of Suffolk, the justices of said court may appoint a clerk. 

1 Section 278. Upon a failure to choose a county treasurer or a county treas- 

2 register of deeds for a county or district, except the counties of of dee^df,'fali- 

3 Suffolk and Nantucket, the county commissioners shall forthwith r!*s!'i4,'§*^i()7. 

4 issue precepts to the board of aldermen of each city and the select- g^s.\o!'§12. 

5 men of each town in such county or district, directing them to call ?„-J- ,\^^ * ^'^. 

. /»i -IT' PI /-«? 1 i89U, 423, § 199. 

6 meetmo-s of the voters for the election 01 such officer on a day i893, 417, § 219. 

. O . -^ 1898, 548, § 275. 

7 appointed therein. 

8 Upon a vacancy by removal or otherwise in the office of county — vacancy, 

elect ion. 

9 treasurer or of reo^ister of deeds in a county or district, except the r. s. i4,'§io7. 

10 counties of Suffolk and Nantucket, the county commissioners shall p.' s.' 10,' § 15.' 

11 in like manner issue precepts for an election to fill such vacancy at i^^"^' *23, § 202. 

.'■ „ . "^ — vacancy, 

12 the next annual state election for which precepts can be seasonably appointment. 

13 issued, and may appoint some person to fill such office until a person mo^ us, § i. 

14 is elected thereto and qualified. loe. ' ' 

G. S. 17, §§ 88, 87. P. S. 10, §§ 17, 19. 1890, 423, §§ 204, 206. 

15 Upon a failure to choose a register of deeds in the county of ^fdffnsuf. 

16 Suffolk, or upon a vacancy in that office, the board of aldermen of faluiretoeiect 

17 the city of Boston shall call meetings to elect a register of deeds or vacancy. 

18 to fill such vacancy, as is above provided for an election in other 

19 counties ; and, upon a vacancy in that office in said county of Suffolk, 

20 the superior court shall appoint some person to the office until a 

21 person is elected thereto and qualified. 

22 Upon a failure to choose a register of deeds in the county of i^i^uretoefect 

23 Nantucket, or upon a vacancy in that office, the selectmen of the vacancy. 

24 town of Nantucket shall call a meeting to elect a register of deeds 

25 as is above provided for an election in other counties, and may 

26 appoint some person to the office until a person is elected thereto 

27 and qualified. 

1 Section 279. Upon a failure to choose a county commissioner county or 

2 or associate commissioner, the board of examiners shall forthwith comSfssioner, 

3 issue precepts to the board of aldermen of each city and to the select- i835^i52'iV3^*^* 

4 men of each town in such county, directing them to call meetings Rs. i4, §§i9, 

5 of the voters to elect such officer on a day appointed therein. In ^^-^'l^'l^}^' 



174 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



p. S. 10, § 11. 
1890, 4-23, § 198. 
1893, 417, § 220. 
1898, 548, § 276. 

County or asso- 
ciate commis- 
sioner, 
vacancy, 
election. 
1835, 152, § 4, 
R. S. 14, § 22. 
1850, 299, ^ 2. 
1852, 53. 
G. S. 10, ? 14. 
1872, 87, 5 3. 
P. S. 10, § 14. 
1890, 423, § 201. 
1892, 115, §§1,2. 

— vacancy, ap- 
pointment. 



the county of Middlesex, such precept shall also be issued to the 6 

board of aldermen of the city of Chelsea and the selectmen of the 7 

towns of Kevere and Winthrop. 8 

Upon a vacancy by removal or otherwise in the office of county ^> 

commissioner or associate commissioner, the board of examiners 10 

shall in like manner issue precepts for an election to till such vacancy 11 

at the next annual state election for which precepts can l)e season- 12 

ably issued, except that no such election shall l^e held unless the 13 

term of office of the commissioner whose office is so vacant extends 14 

beyond the first Wednesday of Januaiy next succeeding the day of 15 

such election. i893, 39, §§ i, 2. IG 

Upon a vacancy in said offices, the county commissioners or the 17 

two remaining county commissioners, as the case may be, and the 18 

clerk of the courts for the county, or a majority of them, may ap- 19 

point some person to fill such office until a person is duly elected 20 

to the office and qualified. 21 



1893, 417, 

220. 

1898, 548, § 27 



218- 



tion^'noVtrbe SECTION 280. If there is a A^acancy in the office of district attor- 
heid,when. j^ey, clerk of the courts, register of probate and insolvency, sherifli", 
county treasurer, register of deeds, county commissioner or associate 
commissioner, the term of which expires on the first Wednesday of 
January following the next annual state election for which precepts 
can be seasonably issued, no precepts shall be issued or election held 
to fill such vacancy. 



Secretary of SECTION 281. The couiitv Commissioners in each county shall 

commonwealth „,., • n t n i iip 

to be notifled forthwith uotif y the secretary of the commonwealth of any vacancy 
county offices, ill the officc of couiity treasurer or of register of deeds ; and the 
i2i!207^' ^^ ^'^' board of examiners shall give like notice to the secretary of any 
1898, M"8,^§f78. vacaiicy in the office of county commissioner or associate commis- 
sioner, and in each case they shall send to him a copy of the precepts 
issued by them for an election. 



Elections to fill SECTION 282. 

proceedings, to fill vacaiicics, the procecdino^s shall be the same, so far as applica 
§§5,'6. ' ' ble, as in elections to the same office at the annual state election. 

1890, 423, §§ 158, 167, 168, 198, 199. 1893, 417, § 222. 1898, 548, § 279. 



At elections held because of a failure to elect or 1 

2 
3 



Presidential 
electors, meet- 
ing, organiza- 
tion. 

U. S. const, 
amend., 12. 
U. S. Rev. Sts., 
« 133, 135. 
U. S. Sts., Feb. 
3, 1887, c. 90. 
1832, 169, § 4. 
R. S. 6, §§21, 



15, 



22. 

G. S. 9, 

16. 

P. S. 9, §§ 15, IG. 

1888, 382, §§ 2, 3. 

1890, 423, §§ 175, 

176. 

1893, 417, § 224. 

1898, 548, § 280. 



PROCEEDINGS OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS. 

Section 283. The persons chosen as presidential electors shall 1 

meet at the state house on the Saturday preceding the second Mon- 2 

day in January succeeding their election at three o'clock in the after- 3 

noon and organize by the choice of a presiding officer and secretary. 4 

The secretary of the commonwealth shall call the meeting to order, 5 

call the roll of electors, and preside until a i)residing officer shall (j 

be chosen. 7 

K, on the second Monday in January, the Avhole number of elect- 8 

ors has not been chosen, or if any electors have died or are then 9 

absent, the electors present shall forthwith choose electors from the 10 

citizens of this commonwealth to complete the full number. They 11 

shall thereupon vote by ballot for president and vice president of the 12 

United States, one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of 13 

this commonwealth. They shall name in their ballots the person 14 



Chap. 11.] elections. 175 

15 voted for as president, and in distinct ballots, the person voted for Presidential 

IG as vice president. They shall make distinct lists of all persons ^edin^s.^™' 

17 voted for as president and of all persons voted for as vice president 

18 and of the number of votes for each, and shall sign, certify and 

19 transmit such lists, sealed, to the seat of government of the United 

20 States, directed to the president of the senate ; and they shall in 

21 all respects proceed conformably to the constitution and laws of 

22 the United States. The secretary of the electoral college shall 

23 keep a journal of its proceedings and deposit the same in the office 

24 of the secretary of the commonwealth, where it shall be recorded 

25 and tiled. 

1 Section 284. Each elector shall receive from the commonwealth ^on!™^^°^^" 

2 three dollars for each day of attendance, and one dollar for every R^l^ff^ilg*- 

3 five miles of travel from his residence to the place of meeting. g. s.g', §17. 

p. S. 9, § 17. 1890, 423, § 177. 1893, 417, § 225. 1898, 548, § 281. 

CORRUPT PRACTICES. 

1 Section 285. The term " political committee ", under the pro- "Political ^ 

2 visions of this chapter relative to corrupt practices, shall apply to defined.^*' 

3 every committee or combination of three or more persons who shall l^^^l in; 1 231. 

4 aid or promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle 1^^^' ^^' § ^^^• 

5 in a public election or shall aid or take part in the nomination, 

6 election or defeat of a candidate for public office. 

7 No person shall, in order to aid or promote his ow^n nomination Payment of 

8 as a candidate for public office, by caucus, convention or nomination Sudatefor 

9 paper, directly or indirectly, himself or through another person, or ^^^^ii^atio"' 

10 by a political committee, give, pay, expend or contribute, or promise 189I; «?; § ik 

11 to give, pay, expend or contribute, any money or other valuable i^98^^^8^ §^2^^- 

12 thing, except for personal expenses as hereinafter provided. no. 

1 Section 286. No person shall, in order to aid or promote his candidate not 

2 own nomination or election to a public office, directly or indirectly, appoh^mlnts 

3 himself or through another person, promise to appoint, or promise to inattou^or"*^™" 

4 secure or assist in securing the appointment, nomination or election fglaf^ie', f 2.' 

5 of another person to a public position or employment or to a posi- Jgl' lis, | fi'. 

6 tion of honor, trust or emolument, except that he may announce or 

7 define w^hat is his choice or purpose in relation to an election in 

8 which he may be called to take part, if elected. 

1 Section 287. No person shall, in order to aid or promote his Payment of 

2 own election to a public office, directly or indirectly, himself or S-udlLt^ 

3 through another person, give, pay, expend or contribute, or prom- ilf]j^|i^f§ 3. 

4 ise to give, pay, expend or contribute, any money or other valuable isg^; llg; | fst 

5 thing, except for personal expenses or to a political committee as 

6 hereinafter provided. 

1 Section 288. A candidate for nomination or for election to a Personal 

2 public office, and any other person, may incur and pay, in connec- canduffte*^ 

3 tion with such nomination or election, his own personal expenses i||2"'4im 4. 

4 for travelling and for purposes properly incidental to travelling ; for }^|; |]^| 1 1|^; 

5 writing, printing and preparing for transmission any letter, circular 

6 or other publication not issued at regular intervals, whereby he may 



17(3 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Voluntary 
payment to 
political com- 
mittee. 

1892, 416, § 5. 

1893, 417, § 230. 
1898, 548, § 286. 



Treasurer of 
political com- 
mittee; duties 
of. 

1892, 416, § 6. 

1893, 417, § 231. 
1898, 548, § 287. 



state his position or views upon public or other questions ; for sta- 7 

tionery and postage, for telegraph, telephone and other public mes- 8 

senger service, and for other petty personal purposes ; but all such {) 

expenses shall be limited to those which are directly incurred and 10 

paid by him. Such personal expenses need not l)e included in any 11 

statement required of him. 12 

Section 289. A person who is nominated as a candidate or voted 1 

for with his assent for puljlic office, may make a voluntary payment 2 

of money or a voluntary and unconditional promise of payment of 3 

money to a political committee for the promotion of the principles 4 

of the party which it represents, and for its general purposes. 5 

Section 290. Every political committee shall have a treasurer, 1 

who is a voter of the commonwealth, and shall cause him to keep 2 

detailed accounts of all money or its equivalent, received liy or 3 

promised to the committee, or liy or to any person acting under its 4 

authority or in its l)ehalf, and of all expenditures, disbursements and 5 

promises of payment or disbursement made by the committee or by 6 

any person acting under its authority or in its behalf. No person 7 

acting under its authority or behalf shall receive any money or its 8 

equivalent, or expend or disburse the same, until the committee has 9 

chosen a treasurer. 10 



Agent of Section 291. Whoever, actino- under the authority or in behalf 1 

committee to ^ , , ' ^ to . • . , 

account for of a political committec, receives any money or its equivalent, or 2 

FGCGlOtS 3.11Q •/%/!.' 

disbursements, proiiiise of the sauic, or expends or incurs any liability to pay the 3 

189.3; 417! § 2.32. same, shall, on demand, and in any event within fourteen days 4 

after such receipt, expenditure, promise or liability, give to the 5 

treasurer a detailed account of the same, with all vouchers required 6 

by this chapter, which shall be a part of the accounts and files of 7 

such treasurer. 8 



1898, 548, § 288. 



Treasurer to 
file statement, 
etc. ", contents. 

1892, 416, § 8. 

1893, 417, § 233. 
1898, .'548, § 289. 
1900, 307. 



Section 292. The treasurer of every political committee which 1 

receives, expends or disburses any money or its equivalent, or 2 

incurs any liability to pay money in connection with any nomina- 3 

tion or election to an amount exceeding twenty dollars, shall, within 4 

thirty days after such election, file a statement setting forth all the 5 

receipts, expenditures, disbursements and liabilities of the committee 6 

and of every officer and other person acting under its authority or 7 

in its behalf. It shall include the amount in each case received, 8 

the name of the person or committee from whom received, the date 9 

of its receipt, the amount of every expenditure or disbursement, the 10 

name of the person or committee to whom it was made, and the 11 

date thereof; and, unless such expenditure or disbursement was 12 

made to another ])()litical committee, shall clearly state the purpose 13 

of such ex})enditure or disbursement ; also the date and amount of 14 

every existing promise or ]ial)ility, both to and from such committee, 15 

remaining unfulfilled and in force when the statement is made, the IH 

name of the person or committee to or from whom the unfulfilled 17 

promise or lialnlity exists, and a clear statement of the ])urpose for 18 

which the promise or lia])ility was made or incurred. If the aggre- 19 

gate receipts or disbursements of a political committee in connection 20 

Avith any election shall not exceed twenty dollars, the treasurer of 21 



Chap. 11.] elections. 177 

22 the committee shall, within thirt}' days after the election, certify 

23 that fact under oath to the secretary of the commonwealth. 

1 Section 293. AVhoever, acting otherwise than under the author- other persons 

2 ity or in behalf of a political committee having a treasurer, receives quKeme^nts^' 

3 money or its equivalent, or expends or disburses, or promises to Jgiiin.'lsk. 

4 expend or disburse money or its equivalent, to an amount exceed- ^^^^> ^^> § '^^• 

5 ing twenty dollars, to aid or promote the success or defeat of a 

6 political party or principle in any election, or to aid or influence 

7 the nomination, election or defeat of a candidate for oflSce, shall tile 

8 in the city or town in which he is a voter, the statement required by 

9 the preceding section, and shall ])e subject to all the duties required 

10 by this chapter of a political committee or the treasurer thereof; 

11 but no person except a voter of the commonwealth shall receive, 

1 2 expend or disburse any money or its equivalent or promise to expend 

13 or disburse any money or its equivalent, for either of the purposes 

14 above named, except for personal expenses as is herein provided, 

15 or under the authority or in behalf of a political committee. 

1 Section 294. No person shall, directly or indirectly, himself or Payments, etc., 

2 through another person, make a payment or promise of payment to a tobenwdein 

3 political committee or to any person acting under its authority or in S,*4?f;,l%!"^' 

4 its behah', in any name except his own ; nor shall such committee or If^f HI' 1 1^'^- 

5 person knowingly receive a payment or promise of payment, or enter 

6 or cause the same to be entered in the accounts or records of such com- 

7 mittee, in any other name than that of the person by whom it is made. 

1 Section 295. No political committee, and no person acting political com. 

2 under its authority or in its behalf, shall demand, solicit, ask or ^udt.^te.r 

3 invite, from a person who has been nominated as a candidate for "andldat^'etc. 

4 office in an election a payment of money, or promise of payment of i|92, m, §'il 

5 money, to be used in such election; and no such candidate shall isgsj ms', § 292! 

6 make any such payment to a political committee or to any person 

7 acting under its authority or in its behalf, if such committee or 

8 person has demanded, solicited, asked or invited from him any such 

9 payment or promise of payment. 

1 Section 296. No political committee and no person who is re- Payment by 

2 quired to file a statement under the preceding eleven sections shall etc"'J?t nlturai- 

3 make any payment or promise of payment of money to or in behalf prohum^el.^ 

4 of any person for naturalization fees or for services as counsel or §^||f.^"*'' ^^^' 

5 otherwise in assisting any one to obtain naturalization. i^^s, 548, § 293. 

1 Section 297. The statement required by section two hundred JtatenS'to be 

2 and ninetv-two shall be filed with the clerk of the city or town in flied with city 

or tOAvri clerk 

3 which the treasurer is a voter, or if the political committee has head- 1892, 416, §§ 12] 

4 quarters, with the clerk of the city or town in which such headquar- 1893, 417, § 238. 

5 ters are maintained at the time of the election to which the statement Hit] 54I § 294. 

6 relates. A statement relating to any other than a city or town elec- 

7 tion, or an election by a city council or by either branch thereof, 

8 shall be filed in duplicate, and one copy shall l)e forthwith foi-warded 

9 by the city or town clerk to the secretary of the commonwealth. 

10 Whoever makes a statement required by the provisions of this chap- 

1 1 ter shall make oath that it is in all respects correct and true to the 

12 best of his knowledge and belief. 



178 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Secretary of 
the comiiiou- 
wealtli to 
inspect state- 
ments. 

1894, 248, ?§ 1,2. 

1895, 242, §§ 1, 2. 
1898, 548, § 295. 



Complaint. 

1894, 248, § 3. 

1895, 242, § 3. 



Section 298. The secretary of the commonwealth shall inspect 1 

all statements tiled with him under the preceding section within 2 

sixty days after the same have Ijeen tiled, and upon discovery that 3 

any such statement does not conform to law, or upon complaint in 4 

writino; of live reo-istered voters that such statement does not con- 5 

form to law or to the truth or that any person has failed to file a (> 

statement required by law, he shall, in writing, notify the delinquent 7 

person. Such complaint shall state in detail the grounds of objec- 8 

tion, be sworn to by one of the subscribers and be filed with said 9 

secretary within sixty days after the election in question or within 10 

thirty days after the filing of a statement or amended statement. 11 



District 
attorney may 
institute pro- 
ceedings in 
certain cases. 

1894, 248, § 4. 

1895, 242, § 4. 
1898, .548, § 296. 
165 Mass. 169. 



Section 299. Upon the failure to file a statement or amended 1 

statement within ten days after receiving notice under the preceding 2 

section, the secretary shall notify the proper district attorney, who 3 

shall, within two months, l)egin civil or criminal proceedings in the 4 

name of the commonwealth. 5 



statements 
relating to 
municipal 
elections, etc. 

1894, 248, § 5. 

1895, 242, § 5. 
1898, 548, § 297 



Section 300, If such statement relates to city or town elections, 1 

or to an election on the pai-t of a city council, or of either In-anch 2 

thereof, the provisions of the preceding sections shall apply to the 3 

respective city or town clerks instead of to the secretary of the 4 

commonwealth. 5 



Courts to en- 
force filing of 
statement. 

1892, 416, § 13. 

1893, 417, § 239. 
1898, 548, § 298. 
165 Mass. 169. 



Section 301. The supreme judicial coui-t or the superior court 
may compel any person who fails to file a statement as above re- 
quired, or who files a statement which does not conform to the 
foregoing requirements in respect to its truth, sufficiency in detail, 
or otherwise, to file a sufficient statement, upon the application of 
the district attorney or petition of any candidate voted for, or of 
any five persons qualified to vote at the election on account of which 
the expenditures, or any part thereof, were made or are alleged to 
have been made. Such petition shall l)e filed within sixty days after 
such election, if the statement was filed within the thirty days re- 
quired, l)ut a petition may be filed within thirty days of any pay- 
ment not included in the statement so filed. Proceedings under 
this section shall ])'e advanced upon the request of either party for 
speedy trial. No petition brought under this chapter shall be discon- 
tinued without the consent of the attorney general. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 



Witness not 
liable crimi- 
nally, except 
for perjurv. 

1892, 416, §" 14. 

1893, 417, § 240. 
1898, 548, § 299. 



Section 302. No person who is called to testify in any pro- 1 

ceedings under the preceding section shall be liable to criminal 2 

prosecution under this chapter or otherwise for any matters or 3 

causes in respect of which he shall be examined or to which his 4 

testimony shall relate, except to prosecution for perjury committed 5 

in such testimony. 6 



statements to 
be preserved 
and oj>en to 
inspection. 
1892, 416, § 17. 



Section 303. All statements shall be preserved for fifteen months 1 
after the election to which they relate, and shall, under reasonal)le 2 
regulations, be open to })ublic inspection. i893, 4i7, § 242. isos, .548, § 300. 3 



Vouchers re- 
quired with 
accounts. 

1892, 416, § 20. 

1893, 417, § 244. 
1898, 548, § 301. 



Section 304. Every payment required to be accounted for shall, 1 
unless the total expense payal)le to any one person is less than five 2 
dollars, ])e vouched for by a recei[)ted bill stating the particulars 3 



Chap. 11.] elections. 179 

4 of expense, and every voucher, receipt or account hereby requh'ed 

5 shall be preserved for six months after the election to which it 

6 relates. 



1 Section 305. The secretary of the commonwealth shall provide secretary of 

, -, , "^ ,. , . , {■ . , , the common- 

2 everv city and town, at the expense ot the commonwealtn, witn wealth to fur- 

*' *^ ^ - - - . nish blanks for 

5. 

18. 
•245. 



3 lilank forms, approved by the secretary of the commonwealth, the statements. 

4 treasurer and receiver general, and the auditor of accounts, suitable isgl tn^ 1 245. 

5 for the statements above required. i898, 548, § 302. 



1 Section 306. The provisions of this chapter relative to corrupt Nominations 

2 practices shall apply to all public elections, except of town officers, to which pro- 

3 and to elections by the general court and by city councils, and by i892?416?§2l" 

4 either branch thereof, to the nomination by caucuses and conven- Hf^l 5II; 1 1^\ 

5 tions and nomination papers of candidates to be voted for at such 

6 elections. Sections tAvo hundred and eighty-five, two hundred and 

7 eighty-seven and two hundred and ninety-four shall not apply to the 

8 proprietors and publishers of publications issued at regular inter- 

9 vals, in respect to the ordinary conduct of their business. 

inquests in election cases. 

1 Section 307. Upon a complaint subscribed and sworn to by any inquests upon 

2 person before a police, district or municipal court or a trial justice, election laws, 

3 alleging that reasonalile grounds exist for believing that any law i898,' 548,' § 304, 

4 relating to the assessment, qualification or registration of voters, 

5 or to voting lists or ballots, or to caucuses, conventions and elec- 

6 tions, or to any matters pertaining thereto, has been violated, such 

7 court or justice may at once hold an inquest to inquire into such 

8 alleged violation of the law. 

1 Section 308. The court or trial justice may exclude all persons —maybe 

2 whose presence is not necessary at such inquest ; and may also i8s!.5,*355,*^§'2. 

3 direct the witnesses to be kept so separated that they cannot con- ^^'''^' ^^' ^ ^^^' 

4 verse with each other until they have lieen examined. The attor- 

5 ney general, the district attorney, or some person designated by 

6 either, shall attend the inquest and examine the witnesses. 

1 Section 309. Such court, justice or attorney may issue subpoenas witnesses, 

2 for witnesses, who shall be allowed the same fees, whose attendance fees?etc°*'^' 

3 may be enforced in the same manner, and who shall be subject to lH^i |^|; | l^g. 

4 the same penalties, as if served with a subpoena in behalf of the com- 

5 monwealth in a criminal prosecution before such court or trial 

6 justice. 

1 Section 310. Such court or trial justice may employ a stenog- Employment 

2 rapher and may have the proceedings reduced to writing ; and if rap\er?^ 

3 he finds that the law has been violated, shall report to the superior isgs^ 548^ § 307. 

4 court all the material facts and the names of any persons guilty of 

5 any such violation. 

1 Section 311. The court or trial iustice may bind over, as in witnesses may 

^ . . 1 ,. 1 -^ ' 'J be bound over 

2 criminal prosecutions, such witnesses as are necessary, or as said to appear, etc. 

----- - 1895, 355, § 5. 



3 attorney may designate, to appear and testify in the superior court. is98,'548,'§ 



308. 



180 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Certain per- SECTION 312. If a pei'soii cliaroTed by the report with the com- 1 

sons may be / • i i • i • • 

apprehended, missioii ol ail offeiice IS iiot 111 custody, the court or trial justice 2 

1898,' 548', § 309. shall forthwith issue process for his apprehension ; liut such process 3 

may issue before the tiling of said report, if otherwise lawful. 4 



Witnesses not SECTION 313. No pcrsoii sliall be cxcuscd from testifyino; or 1 

excused from . \ , .* ^ 

giving incrimi- producing ally papcrs in any proceedings under the preceding sec- 2 

tion on the ground that his testimony may tend to criminate him 3 

or subject him to a penalty or forfeiture, but he shall not be prose- 4 

cuted or be subjected to a penalty or forfeiture for or on account 5 

of any action, matter or thing concerning which he may so testify, 6 

except for perjury committed in such testimony. 7 



nating testi 
mony. 
1895," 35.7, § 7. 
1898, 548, § 310 



State officers 
to be elected 
annually. 
Const., pt. 2, 
c. 1, § 3, arts. 1, 
2,3; c. 2, §1, 
arts. 2, 3 ; c. 2, 
§ 2, art. 1. 
Amend, const., 
arts. 15-17, 21, 
22. 

G.' S. S, § 1. 
P. S. 8, § 1. 
1890, 423, § 147. 



OrnCERS TO be elected at state ELECTIONS. 

Sec'tion 314. At the annual state election there shall be chosen 1 

by the voters of the commonwealth, as prescribed by the coiisti- 2 

tution, a governor, lieutenant governor, secretary, treasurer and 3 

receiver general, auditor, and attorney general ; by the voters in 4 

each councillor district, one councillor ; by the voters in each sena- 5 

torial district, one senator ; and by the voters in each represent- 6 

ative district, such numlier of representatives as the district is 7 

entitled to elect. i893, 417, § 247. i898, 548, § 311. 8 



Presidential SECTION 315. At the annual State elcctioii ill each year in wliicli 

R- 1- 6, § 13 presidential electors are required to be appointed, a number of elect- 
p.'s.9,'§§9,' lo'. ors, equal to the whole number of senators and representatives in 
171.' " '' ' ' congress to which the commonwealth is entitled, shall be chosen by 
1893, 41,, §248. ^^^ yotci's of the commoiiwealth. i898, 54s, § 312. 



Representa- 
tives in con- 
gress. 
1833, 68, § 3. 
R. S. 6, § 3. 
1856, 224. 



Section 316. At the annual state election in every even num- 1 

bered year a representative in congress shall be chosen by the voters 2 

in each congressional district. g. s. 9, § 3. p. s. 9, § 3. 3 

1890, 423, § 165. 1893, 417, § 249. 1898, 548, § 313. 11 Mass. 424. 



District attor- 
neys. 
1807, 18. 
1832, 130, § 9. 
R. S. 13, § 37. 
18.56, 173, §§ 1,5. 
G. S. 10, § 2. 
P. S. 10, § 2. 
1890, 423, § 189. 



Section 317. At the annual state election in the year nineteen 1 

hundred and four, and in every third year thereafter, a district attor- 2 

ney shall be chosen by the voters in each of the districts into which 3 

the commonwealth is divided for the administration of the criminal 4 

law. 1893, 417, § 250. 1898, 548, § 314. 5 



Clerks of the 

courts. 

1853, 176, §§ 2, 

6, 7. 

1857, 1. 

G. S. 10, §3. 

P. S. 10, §3. 

isixi, 423, § 190. 

1S98, 417, § 251. 

1898, 548, § 315. 



Section 318. At the annual state election in the year nineteen 1 

hundred and six, and in every iiftli year thereafter, a clerk of the 2 

supreme judicial court for the county of vSuftblk, and two clerks of 3 

the superior court, one for civil and one for criminal business, shall 4 

be chosen by the voters in said county ; and, by the voters in each 5 

of the other counties, a clerk of the courts who shall act as clerk 6 

of the supreme judicial court, of the superior court and of the 7 

county commissioners. 8 



Registers of 
probate and 
insolvency. 
18.i8, 93, § 4. 
G. S. 10, § 4. 



Section 319. At the annual state election in the year nineteen 1 

hundred and tliree, and in every fifth year thereafter, a register of 2 

probate and insolvency shall be chosen l)y the voters of each county. 3 

P. S. 10, § 4. 1890, 423, § 191. 1893, 417, § 252. 1898, 548, § 316. 



Chap. 11.] elections. 181 

1 Section 320. At the annual state election in the year nineteen Registers of 

2 hundred and three, and in every third year thereafter, a register of iTss.eo. 

3 deeds shall be chosen by the voters of each district for the registry ^'sf^i^se.^^'^^' 

4 of deeds, and of each county not divided into districts, g. s. lo, §9. Siii^'^^" 

p. S. 10, § 9. 1890, 423, § 196. 1893, 417, § 253. 1898, 548, § 317. 

1 Section 321. At the annual state election there shall be chosen county com- 

2 by the voters of the county of Middlesex and of the towns of Revere ]^35ri52!§§'2, 4. 

3 and Winthrop, one county commissioner for said county and towns, il5o,"299,V2." 

4 and by the voters of each of the other counties, except the counties jgM'^fss 

5 of Sutfolk and Nantucket, one county commissioner for the county, ^-^f i?'- §i- 

' 'J ^ 18/2, 87, § 3. 

1890, 423, ?§ 193-195. 1898, 217, § 2; 1900, 196. P. S. 10, § 6. 

1893, 417, § 255. 548, § 318. 3 Gray, 126. 

6 At the annual state election in the year nineteen hundred and ^ifPi^'i^*®^""^- 

7 four, and in every third year thereafter, there shall likewise be 1^35, 152, § 4. 

8 chosen by the voters of the county of Middlesex and of the towns ]85o,'299, §2.' 

9 of Revere and Winthrop, two associate commissioners for said i854r77; § 6. 

10 county and towns, and by the voters of each of the other counties, i872,'87!'|3.' 

11 except the counties of Suffolk and Nantucket, two associate com- ^- ®- ^°' ^ '• 

12 missioners for the county. 

13 Not more than one of the county commissioners and associate Not more than 

14 commissioners shall be chosen fi'om the same city or town. If two Xne^'i^'om" 

15 persons residing in the same city or town shall appear to have been town.^'*^^"^ 

16 chosen to said offices, the person only who receives the larger num- f^^f^'^^^' 

17 ber of votes shall be declared elected; but if they shall receive an J^g^f -g^*^- i^f 

18 equal number of votes, no person shall be declared elected. If p. s. io,'§8.' 

19 a person residing in a city or town in which a county commissioner 

20 or an associate commissioner who is to remain in office also resides, 

21 shall appear to have been chosen, he shall not be declared elected. 

22 If the person is not declared elected by reason of the above pro- 

23 visions, the person receiving the next highest number of votes for 

24 the office, and who resides in another city or town, shall be declared 

25 elected. 

1 Section 322. At the annual state election in the year nineteen sheriflFs. 

2 hundred and four, and in every third year thereafter, a sheriff shall a 1. \o%y.* 

3 be chosen by the voters in each county. I893, 417, § 256. i898, 548, § 319. i89o,'423,V^i92. 

1 Section 323. At the annual state election in the year nineteen county 

2 hundred and three, and in every third year thereafter, a county n85,^76,Ti- 

3 treasurer shall be chosen l)y the voters in each count}^ except the ^'sf;^!;!*.^' 

4 counties of Suffolk and Nantucket. p'iio'lg" 

1890, 423, § 196. 1893, 417, § 257. 1898, 548, § 320. 2 Gray, 370. 



1 Section 324. At the annual state election in the year nineteen Election of 

2 hundred and five, and every tenth year thereafter, the voters of to'^3portio"n'^^ 

3 the county of Suffolk shall elect nine commissioners, five of whom fn^to dfstricts."^ 

4 shall be residents of and voters in the city of Boston, two shall be jggg' |^|' 1 321. 

5 residents of and voters in the city of Chelsea, One shall be a resi- 

6 dent of and a voter in the town of Revere and one shall be a resident 

7 of and a voter in the town of Winthrop. The manner of the elec- 

8 tion of, and of the returns of votes for, said commissioners shall be 

9 the same as in the case of the register of deeds for said county. 

10 Said commissioners shall hold office for one j^ear from the first 

11 Wednesday of January next after their election. At their first 



182 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



meeting, they shall organize by choosing a chairman, who shall be 12 

one of their number, and a clerk. The city of Boston shall provide 13 

them with a suitable office and room for hearings and shall allow 14 

and pay to them not more than seven hundred dollars for clerk hire, 15 

stationery and incidental expenses. 16 



Terms of office. 
Amend, const., 
arts. 19, 3f;. 
P. S. 10, §§ 1-7. 
1890, 423, §§ 188- 
194, 196. 
18:i-2, ll.'i, § 3. 
1S93, 417, § -i-iS. 
1898, 548, § 322. 



Section 325. District attorneys, registers of deeds, county com- 1 

missioners, associate commissioners, sheriffs and county treasurers 2 

shall hold their several offices for terms of three years, and clerks 3 

of the courts and registers of probate and insolvency for terms of 4 

five years, beginning with the first Wednesday of January in the 5 

year succeeding their respective elections and until their successors 6 

are chosen and qualified. 7 



^rt^ln^offlc^rs SECTION 326. District attorneys, registers of deeds and county 1 

required. ^ treasurers shall be residents of the counties or districts tor which 2 

* '■ '" ■ they are chosen. 3 



Town meet- 
ings, when 
to DC held. 
1785, 7.i, § 10. 
R. S. 15, §§ 18, 
25. 

1837, 52. 
G. S. 18, § 20. 



PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO TOWN MEETINGS. 

Section 327. The annual meeting of each town shall be held in 1 

Feljruary, March or April ; and other meetings may be held at such 2 

times as the selectmen may order. Meetings may be adjourned from 3 

time to time, and to any place within the town. 4 

p. S. 27, § 53. 1890, 423, § 209. 1893, 417, § 259. 1898, 548, § 324. 117 Mass. 385. 



Meetings to be 

held pursuant 

to warrant, etc. 

1785, 75, § 5. 

R. S. 15, §§ 19- 

22. 

G.'S. 18, §§21,22. 

P.S.27,§§54,55. 

1890, 423, §§ 210, 

211. 

1893, 417, § 260. 

1898, 548, § 325. 

10 Mass. 105. 

4 Pick. 2,58. 
13 Pick. 306. 
21 Pick. 81. 

5 Met. 35. 

6 Met. 340, 497. 

I Gush. 496. 

11 Gush. 294, 
298, 487. 

3 Gray, 526. 

II Gray, 340. 



Section 328. Every town meeting, except as hereinafter pro- 1 

vided, shall he called in pursuance of a warrant, under the hands 2 

of the selectmen, directed to the constal:)les or to some other per- 3 

sons, who shall forthwith give notice of such meeting in the man- 4 

ner prescribed by the by-laws or, if there are no by-laws, by a 5 

vote of the town. The warrant shall state the time and place of 

the meeting and the subjects to be there acted upon, and the 7 

selectmen shall insert in the warrant all subjects the insertion of 8 

which shall, in writing, be requested of them l)y any ten or more 9 

voters of the town. No action shall he valid unless the subject- 10 

matter thereof is contained in the warrant. Two or more distinct 11 

town meetings for distinct purposes may be called by the same 12 

13 



warrant. 



11 Allen, 89. 
99 Mass. 472. 
110 Mass. 39. 



Ill Mass. 368. 

117 Mass. 384. 

118 Mass. 355. 



122 Mass. 291. 

131 Mass. 521, 523. 

132 Mass. 289, 295. 



145 Mass. 50, 53. 
165 Mass. 183. 
173 Mass. 591. 



Call for meet- 
ing in case of 
vacancy in 
office of select- 
men. 



Section 329. If a majority of the selectmen shall vacate their 1 
offices, or if the full number shall fail to Ije elected or qualified, the 2 
selectmen in office may call a town meeting. 3 



1785, 75, § 5. 
R. S. 15, § 24. 



G. S. 18, § 24. 
P. S. 27, § 57. 



1890, 423, § 213. 
1893, 417, § 261. 



1898, 548, § 326. 



peacl'^^nwy call Section 330. If the Selectmen unreasonably refuse to call a 
r785*7^*''§^'^'^"" to'^'i meeting, a justice of the peace, upon the application of ten or 
R. s. 1.5, § 23. more voters of the town, mav call a meeting l)v a warrant under his 
p! s.' 27,' § .56.' hand, stating the subjects to be acted upon, directed to the con- 
1893^ 4i7| § 262! stablcs of the town if there are any ; otherwise to any of the {)ersons 
1898,548, §32/. applying thcrcfor, directing them to summon the inhabitants qual- 
ified to vote in town affairs, to assemble at the time and place, and 
for the purposes expressed in the warrant. 



Chap. 11.] elections. 188 

1 Section 331. At every town meeting, except for the election of e[ec^fon*°e\'c. 

2 state officers, a moderator shall first be chosen. Until the election J^g^'^^''^^- 

3 of a moderator, the town clerk shall preside, but if he is absent or R.s.'i5,'§§26,27. 

4 if there is no town clerk, the chairman of the selectmen or the mem- p.'s.'27,'§§58i59! 

5 ber longest in continuous service shall preside, but if no selectman i89o,' 423! " 

6 is present, the justice of the peace calling such meeting, if the meet- is93^*4"nf§ 263. 

7 ing is so called, shall preside. Such presiding officer shall have the l^^f:^^%l2^'^^' 

8 powers and perforin the duties of a moderator. J03 Mass. 543. 

126 Mass. 603. 138 Mass. 214, 216. 

1 Section 332. The moderator shall preside and regulate the pro — powers and 

2 ceedings, decide all questions of order, and make public declaration itss, 75, § e. 

3 of all votes, and may administer in open meeting the oath of office ||-^i^'§§28, 

4 to any town officer chosen thereat. If a vote so declared is imme- p;|;27;|6o; 

5 diately questioned by seven or more of the voters, he shall verify it JI93; 417; 1 1^4; 

6 by polling the voters or by dividing the meeting unless the town has is^^i ^^', § 329. 

7 by a previous order or by its by-laws provided another method. 

1 Section 333. No person shall address a town meeting without fo^^n'^melting 

2 leave of the moderator, and all persons shall at the request of the [^f^^'^^^^^fg 

3 moderator be silent, K a person, after warning from the moderator, R. s. 15, §§29, 

4 persists in disorderly behavior, the moderator may order him to g.' s. is, §§ 28, 

5 withdraw from the meeting ; and if he does not withdraw, may order p.s. 27, §§ 61, 

6 a constable or any other person to remove him and confine him in ^g^^ ^23, §§ 218, 

7 some convenient place until the meeting is adjourned. i898, 548, § 330. 1893 417 §265 

election of town officers. 

1 Section 334. Every tow^n at its annual meeting shall in eveiy Town officers, 

2 year, except as is otherwise provided in the following section and in 1785,^52" §*i'; 75, 

3 sections three hundred and thirty-nine and three hundred and forty- r^s. 15, §33; 

4 one, choose from the inhabitants thereof the following named town Q.'l/ig, §31. 

5 officers, who shall serve during the year : 1877, 186. i878, 255. i^"i' ^^^• 

p.s. 27, §78; 18SS, 221, § 1. 1894,16. 1901,482. 

44, § 21. 1893, 304, § 1 ; 1898, 548, § 331. 168 Mass. 562. 

1886, 150. 417, § 266. 1899, 330, § 1. 

6 A town clerk ; -towncierk. 

7 Three, five, seven or nine selectmen ; —selectmen. 

8 Three or more assessors ; and, if the town so votes, three or more —assessors. 

' ' 6 Met. 497. 

9 assistant assessors ; 

10 Three or more overseers of the poor ; the poo^r ^"^^ ^^ 

11 A town treasurer, whom the town may at any meeting appoint -treasurer. 

12 collector of taxes ; 

13 One or more collectors of taxes, if the town so votes ; —collector of 

14 One or more auditors, who shall hold no other town office ; -auditor. 

15 One or more surveyors of highways, if the town so votes ; -Mgll'waV^' 

15 Gray, 486. 115 Mass. 431. surveyor. 

16 A road commissioner, if the town has provided for such officer; -road com- 

,.'., ^ •iii? liX! missioner. 

17 A sewer commissioner, it the town has provided tor sucn omcer ; —sewer com- 

missioner. 
1893, 304, § 1. 

18 One or more constables, who shall also be collectors of taxes, un- ~^*'°^j®j\^^}.^|g 

19 less other persons are specially chosen or appointed as such ; 7 Gray, 128. 

20 Two or more field drivers ; —field drivers. 

21 Two or more fence viewers ; and such other town officers as are -fence 

viewers. 

22 required by law then to 1)6 chosen. 



18i 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Tree warden. 

School 

committee. 

1826, 143, § 5. 

R. S.23, §10. 

1857, 270, §§ 1, 2, 

4. 

1859, 264. 

G. S. 38, §§ 16, 

21. 

1874, 389. 

1879, 223, § 4. 

P. S. 44, §§ 21, 

26. 

1896, 319. 

23 Pick. 225. 

4Cu8li.59i). 

5 Cusli. 207. 

8 Cusli. 160. 

12 Grav, 61. 

10 Allen, 149. 

12 Allen, 127. 

101 Mass. 143. 

105 Mass. 475. 

145 Mass. 5.55. 

157 Mass. 561. 



Town officers, 
women as 
overseers of 
the poor, et<-. 

Term of office 
of town 
clerk, etc. 
1901, 482. 



A tree warden. is9g, i9o, § i. i899, 330, § 1. 23 

The town .shall likewise at its annual meeting or at a meeting 24 

held in the same month in which the annual meeting occurs, 25 

choose members of the school committee, which committee shall 2(> 

consist of any number of persons divisible by three which said town 27 

has decided to elect, one-third thereof to be elected annually, and 28 

to continue in office tliree years. If a town fails or neglects to 29 

choose such committee, an election at a subsequent meeting shall 30 

be valid, and the town may, at its annual meeting, vote to increase 31 

or diminish the number of its school committee ; and any town in 32 

which ballots for town officers are provided at the expense of the 33 

town may vote so to change the number of its school committee at a 34 

meeting, other than the annual meeting, called for the purpose and 35 

held thirty days at least before the annual meeting at which such 36 

change is to become operative. Such increase shall be made by add- 37 

ing one or more to each class, to hold office according to the tenure 38 

of the class to which they are severally chosen. Such diminution 39 

shall be made by choosing, annually, such number as will in three 40 

years effect it, and a vote to diminish shall remain in force until the 41 

diminution under it is accomplished. 42 

Women shall be eligil)le as overseers of the poor and school com- 43 

mittee. is86, 150. 44 

Section 335. In towns which vote to accept the provisions of 1 

this section or have voted to accei)t the corresponding provisions 2 

of earlier laws, the town clerk may, until such acceptance is re- 3 

voked at a subsequent meeting, be chosen for a term of three years ; 4 

and such clerk may also serve as clerk of such officers, boards and 5 

departments of the town as the town may determine by a vote taken 6 

at said meeting or at a subsequent meeting. 7 



Highway 
surveyor. 

1785, 75, § 2. 
R. S. 15, § 33. 
G. S. 18, §31. 
P. S. 27, § 78. 
1895, .374, § 1. 
1898, 548, § 332. 



Section 336. In towns which vote to accept the provisions of 1 

this section or have voted to accept the corresponding provisions of 2 

earlier laws, there shall be elected at the annual town meeting in 3 

each year, until such acceptance is revoked by the town at an annual 4 

meeting, a highway surveyor, who shall hold his office for one year. 5 

Upon the election of such surveyor, the office of road commissioner 6 

shall terminate. 7 



When vote on 
acceptance of 
preceding sec- 
tion to be 
taken. 

1895, 374, § 2. 
1898, .W8, § 333. 



Board of 
health, elec- 
tion, term. 
1894,218; 473, 
§1. 

1895, ,506, §§ 2, 3. 
1898, .548, § 3U. 



Section 337. In towns not providing official liallots, the question 
of the acceptance or revocation of the acceptance of the preceding 
section shall be voted upon only at an annual town meeting, and 
such vote shall take eifect forthwith. In other towns, the accept- 
ance or the revocation of the accejitance may ))e voted upon at any 
meeting', and the vote shall take etfect at the annual meeting held 
next after the expiration of sixty days from the date of such vote. 

Section 338. A town may elect a l)oar(l of health consisting 
of three persons, who shall serve for terms of one, two and three 
years respectively, beginning with the day following the meeting at 
which they are elected, or until their respective successors are chosen 
and (jualified ; and thereafter sucli town shall, at its annual town 
meeting, choose one member of such board who shall hold office for 
three years from the day following such meeting and until another 



Chap. 11.] elections. 185 

8 is chosen and qualified in his stead. If no such board is chosen, 

9 the selectmen shall act as a board of health. In every town having 

10 more than five thousand inhabitants as determined by the latest 

11 national or state census at least one member of the board, unless 

12 composed of the selectmen, shall be a physician. 

1 Section 339. A town may, at an annual meeting, or at a meet- fgglss^rs"' 

2 ing held at least thirty days before the annual meeting at Avhich ti^g'^^opr"* 

3 such chanofe is to become operative, vote to elect its selectmen, election of. 

f. , , ^ . ' , ,, 11 . 1878, 255, § 4. 

4 assessors or overseers ot the poor in the tollowing manner: — p. s. 27, §§64- 

5 If the number fixed ])y the town is three, it shall, at the annual isits, 417, §§ 267- 

6 meeting when such vote is passed or at the next annual meeting, jggg^ 543^ 5 335 

7 elect one for the term of one year, one for the term of two years 

8 and one for the term of three years ; if the number is five, it shall 

9 elect one for the term of one year, two for terms of two years and 

10 two for terms of three years ; if the number is seven, it shall elect 

11 two for terms of one year, two for terms of two years, and three 

12 for terms of three years ; if the number is nine, it shall elect three 
lo for terms of one year, three for terms of two years and three for 

14 terms of three years ; and at each annual meeting thereafter, it shall 

15 elect one, two or three for the term of three years as the term of 
1() office of one, two or three expires. 

17 If the number of assessors is four, the town shall elect two assess- 

18 ors for terms of one year and two assessors for terms of two years ; 

19 and at each annual meetinji: thereafter it shall elect two assessors to 

20 sei-ve for terms of two years. 

1 Section 340. A town which votes at an annual meeting to in — change in 

2 crease or diminish the number of its selectmen, assessors or over- 1878,255. 

3 seers of the poor, may at that meeting or at any annual meeting es, 73. ' ' 

4 thereafter, elect one or more such additional officers, or omit to isas; sis; | Ise! 

5 elect one or more such officers, so as to bring the number to the 
f) limit fixed by the vote of the town, with terms of office expiring in 

7 the manner provided in the preceding section ; but one selectman, 

8 assessor and overseer of the poor shall be elected annually. A 

9 town which has voted to elect said officers as provided in the pre- 

10 ceding section, may at any annual meeting rescind such action ; but 

11 such rescission shall not affect the term of office of any such officer. 

1 Section 341. A town may vote to elect three road commis- Road and 

, , V . • 1 /• 11 • sewer commis- 

2 sioners and three sewer commissioners in the lollowmg manner : — sioners. 

3 It shall, at the annual meeting Avhen such vote is passed or at p.'s. 27,'§74'. 

4 the next annual meeting, elect one for the term of one year, one \^l\ f^] | '^\ 

5 for the term of two years and one for the term of three years ; and 

6 at each annual meeting thereafter it shall elect one for the term of 

7 three years. A town which has voted to elect said officers as 

8 herein provided, may at an annual meeting rescind such action ; 

9 and thereupon the offices of road commissioners or sewer commis- 
10 sioners shall be abolished. 

1 Section 342. The election of a moderator at a meeting for the ^j'^^t^^^J^/t^, 

2 choice of town officers shall be by ballot and the voting list shall bebybaiiot. 

3 be used thereat. If the numl)er of voters registered for the annual e. s. is, §'34- 

4 town meeting shall exceed five hundred, no person shall print or Hso.'eoS^i^.^' 



186 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

1890 ■ 12:3^216 ^^ii^tribute for use at the election of moderator at such meeting any 5 

4i-^'4"J'-^.rs ^^^llot*^ unless they shall be of plain white paper, in weight not less 6 

ms^bis, § 338! than that of ordinary printing paper, not less than five and one-half 7 

nor more than six inches in length, and not less than three and one- 8 

half nor more than four inches in width ; shall have no printing, 9 

engraving, device or mark upon the back thereof, and, if printed, 10 

shall l)e printed in black ink with the name of the candidate in a 11 

line parallel with the length of the l^allot, and in capital letters not 12 

less than one-eighth of an inch nor more than one-quarter of an inch 13 

in height. Ballots for moderator, although not in conformity with 14 

the above requirements, shall be received and counted. 15 



' Town officers, 
manner of 



Section 343. The election of to'Vn clerk, selectmen, assessors, 1 

«i|ctio°- overseers of the poor, town treasurer, auditor, collector of taxes, 2 

i8^'2<;!§i. constables, road commissioners, sewer commissioners, board of 3 

B. s'. 15, (34. health and school committee shall be by ballot; and the election 4 

G. s. 18, § 32. of all other town officers shall be in such manner as the town may 5 

u,8(K'uS^^i- determine, unless otherwise provided by law. A town w^hich 6 

1889; i9i! ^ ^' chooses its assessors or overseers of the poor for one year may, 7 

1893' 304' I r^' ii^stead of electing such ofiicers, provide by vote that the selectmen 8 

Hl'Jl^2^\ oL shall act also as assessors or as overseers of the poor, or both. 9 

189b, 548, s oo9. oi in» • /v>'iin t t -t r\ 

103 Mass. 543. buch votc sliall, in ally towii using oifacial ballots, be passed at a 10 

617.]^' ' ' meeting held at least thirty days before the annual meeting at which 11 

such selectmen are to be chosen. 12 

ITsufto be""^ Section 344. The voting list shall be used and the name of every 1 

M7^4*^V6 s"^ person voting shall l)e checked thereon in the election of all town 2 

p. s'. 7, § 9.' officers whose election is l)y law required to be by ballot, and in 3 

1890 4"3 5 216 • ... , ,.. 

1893^ 417', § 275.' voting upon the question of granting licenses for the sale of intoxi- 4 

i2^Pick^'48.l***' eating liquors ; but in the election of other town officers the meet- 5 

111 Mall; 256! i"o shall determine whether the voting list shall be used. 6 

s^aiell'^up,*" '^*^ Section 345. If the town clerk, selectmen, assessors, treas- 1 

iqq9°7i'"'^'k':>-c urer, collector of taxes and school committee are voted for on one 2 

1893, 41(, § lib. ' 

1898, 548, § 341. ballot, the moderator shall cause all such ballots when canvassed 3 

and counted, and record thereof has been made, publicly to be en- 4 

closed in envelopes, which shall be sealed and indorsed, and certi- 5 

fied in the manner required by section two hundred and thirty-nine. 6 

^o'^^Mermof SECTION 346. A pcrsou who is elected town clerk, if present at 1 

178.5, 75, §2. the meetinof shall forthwith be sworn, either by the moderator or 2 

R. S. 1.5 6 33. . . ® "^ 

g; s; iV, § 3i! by a justice of the peace, and shall at once enter upon the perform- 3 

1893,' 417, §277. aucc of liis dutics. Every town officer designated by name in 4 

1898, 548, § 342. gg(3^JQi^ tlirce hundred and thirty-four, unless other provision is 5 

specifically made by law, shall enter upon the performance of his 6 

duties on the day after his election or as soon thereafter as he is 7 

qualified, and shall hold office during the term fixed by law, which 8 

shall l)egin on the day after the annual meeting, and until another 9 

person is chosen and qualified in his stead. 10 

m3!*75r§i^.*^*' Section 347. Town officers designated by name in section three 1 

G I" 18 111' hundred and thirty-four shall, before entering upon their official 2 

f*- s- 27^' § 79. duties, be sworn to the faithful i^erforniance thereof. Such oath 3 

1893, 417, § 278. in..'iii i 

1898, 548, § 343. iiia}^ DC administered by the moderator in open town meetms', or by 4 



Chap. 11.] elections. 187 

5 the town clerk. The town clerk shall forthwith, after the election xowncierk 

• /. n^ • 1 J j_ 1 j.\ V m ^^ prepare a 

6 or appointment of town oincers required to take an oatn oi omce, iist of officers 

7 make a list of the names of all such officers not sworn by him or (-ause them to 

8 by the moderator, and deliver it with his warrant to a constable to qualify!^*'** 

9 requiring him within three days to summon each such person to ^- ^- '^'^> § ^^• 

10 appear and take the oath of office within seven days after the ser- 

11 vice of such summons upon him; and the constable shall within ^^ 

12 said seven days make return thereof to the town clerk. Persons ^wn officers 

13 so summoned, unless exempt by law from holding the office, shall within sTven 

14 within said seven days, take the oath of office before the town clerk n85f'7t^§2. 

15 or before a justice of the peace, and file a certificate thereof with gIi's Uo 

16 the town clerk. T^rkyl'ilf.'- 

1 Section 348. No person shall be required to serve two terms sue- Exemption 

2 cessively in the same town office ; and no person shall be required toTioid'town 

3 to accept the office of constable who holds a commission as an officer n^^'sfis, § 3. 

4 of the United States or of the commonwealth, who is a member of r.^|'.^i5;|§-43, 

5 the council, of the general court, a minister of the gospel, an engine- ^' |i-^g' ^^ ^^ 

6 man, a member of the fire department, or who has been a constable ^- „ ' ^„/ 

7 or collector of taxes in the town within the preceding seven years. 126. 

r> -vT 1 11 1 • 1 X • iU iE ^ f 1893, 417, § 279. 

8 No person shall be required to serve in the office of surveyor 01 i898, 548, § 344. 

9 highways oftener than once in three years. 115 Mass. 431. 

1 Section 349. At any meeting for the choice of town officers in Deposit of 

2 a town not using official ballots, no ballot shall be received by the ing.° ^'^^^ ' 

3 moderator unless presented for deposit in the ballot box, open and Jgn; l]\\^/ 

4 unfolded, by the voter in person, and so that the moderator can JI39; 4*5^4. 

5 know that only one l)allot is presented. No moderator or other g. s.7, §12. 

6 election officer shall, before the polls are closed, read or examine, i89o,'423, §§221, 

7 or permit to be read or examined, the names contained uiDon any 1893, 417, § 280. 

„ , 1/ ' L ^ 1898, 548, § 345. 

8 ballot. R. S. 15, § 81. G. S. 18, § 30. P. S. 27, § 63. 23 Pick. 308, 310. 



1 Section 350. The moderator shall receive the votes of any per- Moderator to 

^ , . ,1 i'l'; 1 J. receive votes 

2 son whose name is on the voting list, or who presents a proper cer- of registered 

3 tificate from the registrars of voters, e. s. 3, § lo. g. s. 7, § ii. i8"2m64, § 5. 

p. S. 7, § 11. 1890, 423, § 223. 1893, 417, § 281. 1898, 548, § 346. 

1 Section 351. The secretary of the commonwealth shall at least f^^^jfommo^i- 

2 seven days before the annual meeting send to the town clerk of each wealth to pro- 

3 town not using official ballots, ballots upon the question of granting forvotinpn 

4 licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors therein, which shall con- ficenses" '*^"*^'^ 

5 tain the words : " Shall licenses be granted for the sale of intoxicat- S S l/si, 

6 ing liquors in this town? " " Yes." or " No.", and no other words, i^gs, 417, § 282. 

7 Ballots of each kind shall be provided in number equal at least to ^^'^ ^^'> § ^"• 

8 the number of registered voters in such town. They shall be dis- 

9 tributed to the voters at the polling place under the direction of the 
10 town clerk. 

1 Section 352. No ballot shall be received from any woman who Ballots f or _^ 

2 votes for school committee in a town which does not use official for school 

3 ballots unless it has the words " For School Committee only ", on i8^,T2l?§-225. 

4 the back thereof. Such ballots shall be counted only in the choice ig| ^1^; | |g: 

5 of members of the school committee, and for no other office or 

6 purpose. 



188 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Precinct voting 

at annual town 

elections. 

1894, 132, §§ 1, 

2,4. 

1898, 548, § 349. 



Section 353. Towns divided into voting precincts may, for their 1 

annual town election, establish precinct voting for all town officers '2 

to be chosen thereat and for voting on the question of granting 3 

licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors, by accepting the provi- 4 

sions of this section at a meeting called for the purpose and held 5 

fourteen days at least before the annual town meeting. In towns so 6 

voting, or which have accepted the corresponding provisions of 7 

earlier laws, all matters to be considered at the annual town meeting, 8 

other than the election of town officers and the question of gi'anting 9 

licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors, shall be in order only at 10 

a town meeting held within thirty days after the date of the annual 1 1 

election, and not later than the thirtieth day of April. The time 12 

and place of holding such subsequent meeting shall be stated in 13 

the warrant for the annual election, and said election, subsequent 14 

meeting and its adjournments shall be regarded as parts of the 15 

annual town meetino-. The election of a moderator shall be the 16 

first business in order at said subsequent meeting. Towns are not 17 

hereby authorized to vote by precincts at special elections of town 18 

officers. 19 



Town clerk 
and registrars 
to canvass 
returns, etc. 
1894, 132, § -2. 
1895, 89. 
1898, 548, § 350. 



Section 354. The town clerk and the board of registrars, upon 1 

receipt of the returns from the several precincts, shall forthwith 2 

canvass the same and immediately declare the result and notify the 3 

persons chosen as town officers as provided in section three hun- 4 

dred and forty-seven. The provisions of this and the preceding 5 

section shall not authorize precinct voting in special elections of 6 

town officers to fill a vacancy or othenvise. 7 



Vacancies, 

how filled, 

etc. 

1785, 75, § 4. 

R. S. 15, § 42. 

1855, 8. 

G. S. 18, § 43. 

1864, 174. 

P. S. 27, § 93. 

1890, 386, § 15. 

1891, 336, § 1. 
1893, 417, § 284. 
1898, 548, § 351. 



PROCEEDINGS IN CASES OF FAILUKE TO ELECT, AND VACANCIES IN 

TOWN OFFICES. 

Section 355. K there is a failure at an election to choose a 1 

town officer, or if a person chosen shall not accept such office, or if a 2 

vacancy shall occur, the town may, at any legal meeting, except as 3 

provided in section three hundred and fifty-eight, elect a person to 4 

such office. 5 

If, at an election of town officers for which official ballots are 6 

used, there is a failure to elect a town officer, he may be elected at 7 

an adjourned or succeeding meeting ; and ballots shall be prepared 8 

and furnished for such meeting, containing the nominations already 9 

made and such as may subsequently be made for the office. 10 



Town clerk 

pro tempore. 

1829, U. 

R. S. 15, §§ 49- 

51. 

G. S. 18, §§ 47, 

48. 

P. S. 27, §§ 97, 

98 

1893, 417, § 2a5. 

1898, 548, § 352. 



Section 356. If, at a town meeting, there is a vacancy in the 1 

office of town clerk, or if he is absent, the meeting shall elect by 2 

ballot a clerk pro tempore. The selectmen shall receive and count 3 

the votes and declare the election of such clerk. If, in case of a 4 

vacancy, other duties than those reqidred of a town clerk at a town 5 

meeting are to be performed, or if he is unable to perform such 6 

duties, the selectmen may in writing under their hands appoint 7 

a clerk for the pertbrmance thereof, who shall be sworn and shall, 8 

in the pertbrmance of such duties, have the same powers and l)e sub- 9 

ject to the same requirements and penalties as the town clerk, and 10 

he shall immediately make a record of his election or appointment. 11 



Chap. 11.] elections. 189 

1 Section 357. A person chosen constal)le at a town meeting constable to 

2 shall, if present, forthwith declare his acceptance or refusal of his ance or fef^Fai 

3 office. If he does not accept the office, the town shall, if official 1785,75! §3. 

4 ballots are not used, elect another person to the office, and continue g. 1. is' § 33'. 

5 so to elect until some person accepts the office and is sworn. fsgf.'Irf.Vsse. 

1898, 548, § 353. 

1 Section 358. Kthe assessors of a town, or the selectmen acting vacancy in 

2 as such, shall in any year fail to perform their duties, the county ors^how^flifed. 

3 commissioners may appoint three or more inhabitants of the county r!^|'.'15,|§'36, 

4 to be assessors for such town, who shall be sworn, shall hold office ^'g, jg ggg 

5 until the offices of assessors are tilled by the town, and shall receive ?• f -K^-? § ^*- 

6 from the town the compensation ot assessors. i898, 548, § 354. 

1 Section 359. If the office of treasurer or collector of taxes is vacancy, 

2 vacant, or if the treasurer or collector is unable to perform his collector pro 

3 duties, the selectmen may in writing appoint a treasurer or collector ilSf 43!^' 

4 pro tempore, who shall be sworn, give bond in like manner as the Il65,'i34'.^*'" 

5 treasurer or collector chosen by the town, and hold such office until f^ ^- -'• 5§ ^o, 
() another is chosen by the town and qualified or the disability is jg^|' l^g' H^l 

7 removed. If a treasurer or collector does not, within ten days 

8 after his election or appointment, give bond, the selectmen may 

9 declare the office vacant and appoint another in his place. 

1 Section 360. If the office of an auditor in a town is vacant, the Auditor pro 

2 remaining auditors, if any, may perform the duties thereof and may illwfasl.' 

3 appoint a person to aid them. If there is no remaining auditor, HHi ^; 1 1^\ 

4 the selectmen shall appoint an auditor to serve until another is 

5 chosen and qualified. 

1 Section 361. If there is a failure to elect, or if a vacancy occurs certain 

2 in any town office, other than the offices of selectman, town clerk, niiedbyap. 

3 assessor, treasurer, collector of taxes or auditor, the selectmen shall I's^siTm"*' 

4 in writing appoint a person to fill such vacancy. If there is a ^9i|3"6 Vf.' 

5 vacancy in a board consisting of two or more members, the remain- Jggl'^g'l^' 

6 ing members shall give notice thereof in writing to the selectmen, 

7 who, with the remaining member or members of such board shall, 

8 after one week's notice, fill such vacancy by ballot. A majority of 

9 the ballots of the officers entitled to vote shall be necessary to such 

10 election. The person so appointed or elected shall perform the 

11 duties of the office until the next annual meeting or until another 

12 is chosen and qualified. 

1 Section 362. If a person removes from a town, he shall thereby offices vacated 

2 vacate any town office held by him. from town. 

p. S. 27, § 89. 1893, 417, § 291. 1898, 548, § 358. 1 Pick. 129. 

1 Section 363. The proceedings in an election held by reason of ^t^^^l^^f^^ 

2 a previous failure to elect, or to fill a vacancy, and the qualifica- l^f^^^^ 

3 tions of a person to be elected or appointed, shall be the same as in 

4 an oriorinal election. 

O 

1893, 417, § 292. 1898, 548, § 3.59. 



190 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11, 



Proceedings ii 

towns voting 

to provide 

ballots. 

1890, 386, § 1. 

1893,87; 417, 

§ 293. 

1898, 548, § 360. 

160 Mass. o8(;, 

598. 

fl Op. A. G. 

617.] 



TOWN ELECTIONS AT WHICH OFFICIAL BALLOTS ARE USED. 

Section 364. A town may, at a meeting called for the purpose, 1 

vote that official ballots shall thereafter lie used therein ; and may, 2 

at the annual meeting or at a meeting so called and held at least 3 

thirty days before the annual town meeting, by a two thirds vote 4 

rescind such action. In town elections at which official ballots 5 

are used, nominations for town officers elected liy ballot shall be 6 

made, ballots and other apparatus therefor provided, and elections 7 

of such officers conducted, in accordance with the jjrovisions of this 8 

chapter so far as applicable. 9 

termfnVofflcers Section 365. If a towu votcs that official liallots shall lie used 1 

bauot^'etf" ''^ f*^^' ^^^® election of town officers, it shall at the same meeting de- 2 

1890,386, §2. termine what officers in addition to those required to be so elected 3 

1893; 417, § 294. shall thereafter be so chosen, and determine the number and terms 4 

1898, 548, § 6 . ^^ officc, if uot already fixed. No change shall thereafter be made 5 

in the officers to be chosen liy ballot or in the number or terms of 6 

office thereof, except at a meeting held at least thirty days before 7 

the annual meeting at which such chano;e is to liecome operative. 8 



Penalty on 
assessor or 
assistant as- 
sessor. 
1890, 423, § 12. 

1892, 351, §41. 

1893, 417, § 295. 
1898, 548, § 362. 



— on registrar 
or assistant 
registrar. 
1874, 376, § 18. 
P. S. 6, § 30. 
1884, 298, § 51. 
1890, 423, § 61. 

1892, 351, § 42. 

1893, 417, § 296. 
1898, 548, § 363. 
11 Mass. 350. 



— on officer of 
caucus. 
1888, 441, § 5. 
1893, 417, § 297. 
1896, 435, § 5. 
1898, 548, § 364. 



penalties ltpon officers. 

Section 366. An assessor or assistant assessor who knowingly 1 

enters on any list of assessed polls, or causes or allows to be entered 2 

thereon, the name of any person as a resident of a building, who is 3 

not a resident thereof, shall for each offence be punished by im- 4 

prisonment for not more than six months. 5 

Section 367. A registrar or assistant registrar who refuses or 1 

wilfully neglects to require, under section forty-seven, an applicant 2 

for registration to read the five lines from the constitution of the com- 3 

monwealth in such manner as to show that he is neither prompted 4 

nor reciting from memory, or to write his name in the register, un- 5 

less he is prevented by physical disability from so doing, or unless 6 

he had the right to vote on the first day of May in the year eighteen 7 

hundred and fifty-seven, or distinctly to announce the name of an 8 

applicant for registration before entering his name upon the register, 9 

or who knowingly prevents or seeks to prevent the registration of 10 

any legal voter, or who knowingly registers the name of any person 11 

not qualified to vote, or who is guilty of any fraud or corrupt conduct 12 

in the execution of the duties of his office, shall be punished by im- 13 

prisonment for not more than six months. 14 

Section 368. An officer of a caucus or convention who know- 1 

ingly makes any false count of liallots or votes, or makes a false 2 

statement or declaration of the result of a ballot or vote, or know- 3 

ingly refuses to receive any ballot offered l)y a person qualified to 4 

vote at such caucus or convention, or wilfully alters, defaces or de- 5 

stroys any ballots cast, or voting lists used thereat, before the re- 6 

quirements of this chapter have been complied with, or declines or 7 

wilfully fails to receive any written request made as therein re- 8 

quired, or declines or wilfully fails to perform any duty or obliga- 9 

tion imposed thereby shall be punished by imprisonment for not 10 

more than three months. 11 



Chap. 11.] elections. 191 

12 Any such presiding officer, secretary or clerk of a caucus who 

13 wilfully neglects or refuses to comply with the requirements of 

14 section ninety-eight shall be punished by a fine of not more than 

15 fifty dollars for each oflfence. 



Section 3G9. A caucus oflicer who violates any of the provisions Penalty on offi. 
section ninety-on 
3 more than one year. 



2 of section ninety-one shall be punished by imprisonment for not ms! 54s^Tsel'. 



1 Section 370. A supervisor appointed under section one hun- ~°o° oTIiec 

2 dred and eighty-five, violating any provision thereof, shall be pun- tion.^ 

3 ished by imprisonment for not more than one year. isos, 54s, § see. isqs, In] § 298. 

1 Section 371. An election officer who, before the public declara — on election 

2 tion of the vote at an election, makes any statement of the number isT-t^sie, §§ 54, 

3 of ballots cast, of the number of votes given for any person, of the p.s.7,§§53,54. 

4 name of any person who has voted, of the name of any person which 13901423' § 124 

5 has not been voted on, or of any other fact tendino- to shoA7 the state ]^^^> t]l' f ^-jl.'- 

, , , ~ 1898, o4S, § 367. 

6 of the polls, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than 

7 thirty days. 

1 Section 372. A presiding officer at a caucus or at a state or —on presiding 

2 city election, or at an election in a town at which official ballots cawfus'^o/ 

3 are used, who, when the right of a person offering to vote is chal- 1877^206. 

4 lenged for any legal cause, wilfully or negligently fails to require Eibo'I^I^^'gi"^' 

5 the name and residence of such i^erson to be written upon the ballot i^H*?' ill' t !52- 

*■ - ^ Ihyb, o4y, § 008. 

6 offered by him, and to add thereto the name of the person chal- 

7 lenging and the assigned cause, before such ballot is received, shall 

8 be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. 

1 Section 373. An election or other officer whose duty it is to —on election 

2 recount the ballots cast at an election, who makes any statement or recounting 

3 gives any information in regard to a ballot cast by a voter challenged lai^l'ssb, § 2. 

4 at such election, except as required by law, shall be punished by i^gf; ^s; 1 3^9; 

5 imprisonment for not more than one year. 

1 Section 374. A presiding officer who, at a town election at ^uce?™ttowI 

2 which official ballots are not used, before the polls are closed and fgi^**g"c3 

3 without the consent of a voter, reads or examines or permits to be R- »'• is, § 3i. 

4 read or examined, the names written on the ballot of such voter, p!s!27'§63.' 

5 in order to ascertain the persons voted for by him, shall be pun- 1893; u-', § 302! 

6 ished by imprisonment for not more than thirty days. ib98, o48, § 3,0. 

1 Section 375. A presiding; or other election officer who wilfully -on presiding 

,i &.. . . yor other elec- 

2 or neofhsently violates any provision relatino- to the enclosing in tion officer 

~'-'.. . ..® .. violating S 239. 

3 envelopes, sealino- indorsino^ and deliverino- or transmitting of bal- 1874, 376, § 45. ' 

.. PSS30 

4 lots and voting lists after the votes have been counted and recorded, 1890,' 423, §99. 

5 shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. If^l] ^ji; | gl'^; 

1 Section 376. A city or town clerk who examines or permits to —on city or 

2 be examined, except as required by law, ballots cast at an election lawfully exam- 

3 which are received and retained by him under section two hundred "tc"^ ^ ° ' 

4 and forty-one, shall be punished by a fine of not more than two Js^vm^^' 

5 hundred dollars. i884, 299, § 26. i89o, 423, § 101. I893, 417, § 304. i898, 548, § 372. p-s. 7, §34. 



192 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Penalty 
on city or 
town clerk 
failing to make 
a record of 
votes cast. 
1856, 255, § 1. 
G. S. 7, §§ 18, 
35. 

P.S. 7,5§41,66. 
1890, 423, §§ 110, 
141. 



Section 377. A city or town clerk who fails to make a record 1 

of votes cast at an election and to make and transmit copies of any 2 

such record, as required by this chapter, shall be punished by a fine 3 

of not more than two hundred dollars ; but if a copy of the records 4 

is deposited in the post office within the time fixed for transmis- 5 

sion or delivery, postpaid and properly addressed, it shall be a bar 6 

to any complaint for delinquency. 7 



1893, 417, §§ 202, 305. 



1898, 54S, § 373. 



— oncit.y.town 
or precinct 
clerk. 

1874, 376, § 37. 
P. S. 8, § 21. 
1890, 423, § 162. 
1893, 417, § 306. 
1898, 548, § 374. 



Section 378. A city or town clerk or a precinct clerk who wil- 1 

fully signs a certificate not in accordance with the result of an elec- 2 

tion as appearing by the records and copies of records of votes cast, 3 

or by a recount of votes, shall be punished by imprisonment for not 4 

more than one year. 5 



— on .select- 
men. 

1874, 376, § 36. 
P. S. 8, § 20. 
1890, 423, § 161. 
1893, 417, § .307. 
1898, 548, § 375. 



Section 379. A selectman who wilfully gives a certificate of 1 

election to a person voted for as representative in the general court, 2 

which is not in accordance with the declaration of the vote in open 3 

town meeting at the time of the election, or not in accordance with 4 

a recount of votes, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more 5 

than one year. 6 



— on public 
officer or elec- 
tion officer. 
P. S. 7, § 65; 9, 
§8; 10, §16. 

1888, 436, § 30. 

1889, 413, § 30. 

1890, 423, §§ 82, 
119, 140, 169, 203. 

1891, .328. 

1892, 351, § 43. 

1893, 417, § 308. 

1896, 547, § 7. 

1897, 296, §7; 
530, § 19. 

1898, 548, § 376. 



Section 380. A public officer, caucus or election officer, or 1 

officer or member of a political committee or political convention, 2 

upon whom a duty is imposed by law, who refuses or wilfully neg- 3 

lects or wilfully fails to perform such duty, or who wilfully per- 4 

forms it contrary to law, shall for each offence, if no other peiialty 5 

is herein specifically imposed therefor, be punished by imprison- 6 

ment for not more than one year. An election officer in the city of 7 

Boston who knowingly permits or aids in the violation of any pro- 8 

visions of law relating to registration or elections, shall be punished 9 

by imprisonment in the state prison for not more than three years 10 

or in the house of correction for not less than six months. 11 



PENALTIES upon VOTERS. 

7otfngat^'^' Section 381. Whoever at a caucus votes or attempts to vote, 

187T344 knowing that he is not entitled so to do, or votes or attempts to vote 

p. s. 7, § .56. upon any name other than his own, or more than once on his own 

i89o! 423; § 132. name, or casts or attempts to cast more than one ballot, or places 

1897! 530; § 16. ' any distinguishing mark upon a ballot, or makes a false statement 

1898, 548, § 377. ^^ ^^ j^jg ability to mark his ballot, or unlawfully allows the marking 

of his ballot to be seen by any person, or gives a false answer to, 

or makes a false oath liefore, a presiding officer, shall be punished 

by imprisonment for not more than six months. 



i8*98!'548!'§378. Section 382. A votcr who vioktcs any of the provisions of sec- 
tion ninety-one shall be punished by imprisonment for not more 
than one year. 



piaJlngdiytin. Section 383. A voter who, at an election, places any distin- 1 
on bauol'"'*'^'^ guishing mark upon his ballot shall be punished by imprisonment 2 
1889, 413, § 27. for uot morc than six mouths. 1892,368. 189.3, 417, § 309. 1898, 548, § 379. 3 



Chap. 11.] elections. 193 

1 Section 384. A voter who makes a false statement as to his Penalty 

2 inability to mark a ballot, or who, except for the purpose of obtain- faLrstate? 

3 ing assistance under section two hundred and twenty-nine, allows his i8S8f436^§ 27. 

4 ballot to be seen by any person with an intention of indicating how HH' l\f 1 1|^ 

5 he is about to vote shall be punished by a fine of not more than one 1^98^ 548,' § sso. 

6 hundred dollars. 

1 Section 385. Whoever at an election, knowing that he is — fwiiiegai 

2 not a voter, wilfully votes thereat ; whoever at an election votes Lniplng to" 

3 more than once on his own name, his name having been registered Is'oo^'vi, § 3. 

4 more than once; whoever at an election votes in more than one ^'l^^'^iy'^^- 

5 voting precinct or town, his name having been registered in more g. s. 7, §§28, 

6 than one voting precinct or town ; whoever at an election, votes or %4, 344. 

7 attempts to vote upon any name other than his own, or knowingly p.'s.7!§V55-57. 

8 casts or attempts to cast more than one l^allot at one time of ballot- isssi 351! 1 2!' 

9 ing, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. i33f2i9^' ^^ ^^^' 

9 Met. 268. 122 Mass. 12. 144 Mass. 144. 145 Mass. 257, 260. }f^' t]"' § 311. 

Iby8, 548, § o81. 

1 Section 386. Whoever at an election wilfully gives a false —forgiving 

2 answer to a presiding officer shall be punished by a fine of not more election om^r! 

3 than one hundred dollars. g. s. 7, §30. p. s. 7, §59. n^sX'ii.' 

1890, 423, § 135. 1893, 417, § 312. 1898, 548, § 382. 7 Met. 52. 

GENERAL PENALTIES. 

1 Section 387. Whoever, beino; an inmate of a building and —for refusal 

~ ? . to give true 

2 liable to be assessed for a poll tax, refuses or neglects to give his name, infor. 

^^ iTititioii etc to 

3 true name when asked by an assessor or assistant assessor, or who- assessor. 

4 ever, being an owner or occupant of a building, refuses or neglects 1892' 351I § 46! 

5 to give the full and true information within his knowledge relating IIH^ ^gj | fgl; 

6 to all persons residing in such building, when asked by an assessor 

7 or assistant assessor, shall be punished by imprisonment for not 

8 more than three months. 

1 Section 388. Whoever knowino-ly o-ives to an assessor or assist — forgiving 

iiHrn6 of DOQ- 

2 ant assessor, for the purpose of the assessment of a poll tax, the resident to 

3 name of any person as a resident of a building, who is not a resident iIICL^m 46. 

4 therein, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one isl,' 548,' 1 384! 

5 year. 

1 Section 389. Whoever knowingly or wilfully makes a false affi- J^^l^^^l^^ '^^' 

2 davit, takes a false oath or siffiis a false certificate relative to the regarding'quai. 

,.' . ,. p • y • 1 n 1 iflcations tor 

3 qualincations ot any person tor assessment or registration shall be assessment or 

4 punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. pfs.eX^i.' 

1892, 351, § 44. 1893, 417, § 315. 1898, 548, § 385. 7 Allen, 155. Jg^^ 123! § 63! 

1 Section 390. Whoever causes his name to be registered, know- -forregister- 

2 ing that he is not a qualified voter in the place where he is so quiimed, false 

3 registered, or falsely represents, or attempts to represent himself an^swlrrete!""' 

4 as some other person to any registrar or assistant registrar, or gives If^f^ |^^| | ]^- 

5 a false answer to either relative to any matter relating to the regis- fggf-l^g^l^ga. 

6 tration of a voter or to the rig-ht of any person to vote, or aids or 1890,' 42.% § 62. 

1 . T . i> 1 1 1 j^'i 1892, 351, § 45. 

7 abets any other person in doing any oi the acts above mentioned, 1893, 4i7, § 3i6. 

8 shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. i897!296!§7! 

9 Whoever, in the city of Boston, gives a false answer to any author- 7 au^'iIo^.^^' 



194 



ELECTIONS. 



[ClIAP. 11. 



ized question relating to his registration asked by an election com- 10 

missioner or deputy commissioner in the city of Boston, or attempts 11 

to register under a name other than his own, or otherwise to register 12 

illegally, or votes or attempts to vote under a name other than 13 

his own, or otherwise to vote illegally, shall be punished by impris- 14 

onment in the state prison for not more than three years or in the 15 

house of correction for not less than six months. 15 



Penalty 
for disor 



Section 391. Whoever refuses to obey the lawful orders or 1 

deiij' conduct, directions of a reoistrar or assistant reo-istrar, or interruiits or dis- 2 

turbs the proceedings at any registration, shall be punished by a 3 

1893, 417, § 317. 1S98, 548, § 387. 4 



tration. 

is9-2i 351^ § 47! tine of not more than one hundred dollars 



TCntiu-™' Section 392. Whoever interferes with, or aids or al^ets any 1 

or.iute|fering persou in interfering with, any supervisor of registration in the per- 2 

visor of regis- fomiance of Ms duty, shall be punished by imprisonment for not 3 

more than one year. i892, 351, § 44. 1893, 417, § 318. i898, 548, § 3S8. 4 



tration, etc 

1884, 298, § 50, 



OT mnovin'o'*°° SECTION 393. Wliocvcr wilfully defaces or removes a notice re- 1 

??"*?i5*^- latino- to the re2:istration of voters, or a votino; list or notice or war- 2 

18S3, ln(<. ~_, ~ , , J ~ 

1887, 147. rant tor an election posted m a city or town shall be punished by 3 

1890 423 § (54. . . i J 

i892| 351^ § 44! imprisonment for not more than one year. 1893, 417, § 319. i898, 548, § 389. 4 



aijettinsu'ifgai Section 394. Wliocvcr aids or aliets a person, who is not en- 
i897"lio^'§ 17 titled to vote, in voting or attempting to vote at a caucus, or in 
1898, 548, § 390. votiiig or attempting to vote under a name other than his own, or 
in casting or attempting to cast more than one ballot, or wilfully 
and without lawful authority hinders, delays or interferes with, or 
aids in hindering, delaying or interfering with, a voter while on his 
way to a caucus, while marking his ballot or while voting or at- 
tempting to vote, or endeavors to induce a voter to show his ballot, 
shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. 



— for altera- 
tion of ballot. 

1897, 5.30, § 18. 

1898, 548, § 391. 



Section 395. Whoever alters a ballot cast at a caucus or, not 1 

being authorized thereto, deposits a ballot in a ballot box or envel- 2 

ope used at a caucus, or removes a ballot from such ballot box or 3 

envelope, shall be punished by imprisonment in jail for not more 4 

than three years. 5 



— for falsely 
making, filing, 
defacing, etc., 
certificate, 
letter, etc. 

1888, 436, § 29. 

1889, 413, § 29. 
1893, 417, § 321. 

1897, 530, § 15. 

1898, .548, § 3i)2. 
163 Mass. 539. 



Section 396. Whoever falsely makes or wilfully alters, defaces, 1 

mutilates, destroys or suppresses a certificate of nomination or nom- 2 

illation pai)er, or letter of withdrawal of a name from such paper, 3 

or unlawfully signs any such certificate, paper or letter, or files any 4 

such certificate, paper or letter, knowing the same to be falsely made 5 

or altered, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than 6 

one year. 7 



toiuffiuml^'^'to Section 397. Whoever as a notary public, justice of the peace 
tit^'^of's^'nlfr"' ^^' othcr magistrate takes the oath of a signer to a nomination paper 
of "nomination wjthout Satisfying himself that the person to Avhom the oath is ad- 
189.5, 237, §2. uiinistered is the signer of such nomination paper, or who shall fail 
' ' 'to state in his attestation of such oath that he is so satisfied, shall be 
punished by a fine of not less than ten or more than fifty dollars. 



Chap. 11.] elections. 195 

1 Section 398. Whoever intentionally writes, prints, posts or Penalty 

2 distributes, or causes to be written, printed, posted or distributed, prlnting.'ifost- 

3 a circular or poster which is designed or tends to injure or defeat inf; etc.*"''^*' 

4 any candidate for nomination or election to any public office, by ch-cufar's'^eb; 

5 criticising his personal character or political action, unless there J^jjo' f^i- 1 oo., 

6 appears upon such circular or poster in a conspicuous place either i898,' m, § 3<j4! 

7 the names of the chairman and secretary, or of two officers of the 

8 political or other organization issuing the same, or of some voter 

9 who is responsible therefor, with his name and residence, and the 

10 street and numl^er thereof, if any, shall be punished by imprison- 

11 ment for not more than six months. 

1 Section 399. Whoever posts, circulates or distributes any — for distribu- 

2 poster, card, handbill, placard, picture or circular, except a paster cuiars.ctc., 

3 to be placed upon the official ballot, intended to influence the action pia^""''' 

4 of a voter, in the polling place, in the building in which the polling {sUsi sl^,' § 395. 

5 place is located or on the walls thereof, on the premises on which 

6 the building stands, or on the sidewalk adjoining said premises, shall 

7 be punished by a fine of not more than twenty dollars. 

1 Section 400. Whoever wilfully or maliciously injures or de — for injuring 

2 stroys a ballot box or any of the blank forms or apparatus furnished box%'iank*s or 

3 to a city or town under sections one hundred and eighty-eight and i884|^299rri5. 

4 one hundred and eighty-nine, shall be punished by imprisonment Jggi' ll' I T' 

5 for not more than one year. i898, 548, § 396. 1893, 417, § 323. 

1 Section 401. Whoever refuses or wilfully neglects to comply —for refusing 

2 with any regulation made by the aldermen or by the selectmen regulation s^of 

3 relative to the manner of receiving, counting and returning votes 1884^*299^/18. 

4 cast at an election, or relative to the use of seals and ballot boxes, 1893' 417' L'*3-24 

5 shall ])e punished by imprisonment for not more than six months. ^43. 

1898, 548, § 397. 

1 Section 402. Whoever prevents a supervisor of elections from — forprevent- 

2 doing any of the acts authorized by section one hundred and eighty- mfiesti°ng"et(f| 

3 five of this chapter, or hinders or molests him in doing any such irec«ons?' " 

4 acts, or aids or abets in preventing, hindering or molesting him in 1893I 417] § 325. 

5 doing any of such acts, shall be punished by imprisonment for not i898, 548, § 39s. 

6 more than one year. 

1 Section 403. Whoever prints or distributes a liallot for use in —for printing 

2 the election of moderator at a town meeting in violation of section ballots f"/^ 

3 three hundred and forty-two, shall be punished by imprisonment m3^l7i!'§'2; 

4 for not more than sixty days. i898^548''§399 
t 

1 Section 404. Whoever, before an election, wilfully defaces or — for destroy- 

2 destroys any list of candidates posted under the provisions of this cafdsfspec-*^' 

3 chapter, or, during a caucus or an election, wilfully defaces, tears s™ppiufJ,^etc'. 

4 down, removes or destroys any card of instruction or specimen |^|| ^-^l' 1 1^- 

5 ballot posted for the instruction of voters, or durino- a caucus or an J^-lf- til' f ^^j- 
D election, wiltuUy removes or destroys any ot the supplies or con- 

7 veniences furnished to enable a voter to prepare his l)allot, shall be 

8 punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars. 



196 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 



Penalty 
lor t'orsins! 



Section 405. Whoever forges or falsely makes the official in- 1 
meut'd^st^ov. dorsemeiit on any ballot, or wihVilly destroys or defaces a ballot, or 2 
ing, or delay" wilfully delays the delivery of any ballots, shall be punished by 3 

ill"" ciGliVGry or %j %/ *./ ^ ^ x */ . 

ballots. im])risonment for not more than one year. 4 

1885, 248, § 2. * "^ 

1888, 43G, § 29. 1889, 413, § 29. 1893, 417, § 328. 1898, 54S, § 401. 



h^<^ordeta'-*^*' SECTION 406. Whoever wilfully and without lawful authority 1 

ing voter obstructs or delays a voter while on his way to the }wlling place 2 

1890^ 423', § 128. wlicre lie is entitled to vote or while he is voting or attempting to 3 

1898^ 548^ § 402! votc, or aids or assists in any such obstruction or delay, shall be 4 

punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. 5 

h^^^withToter, SECTION 407. Wlioevcr interferes or attempts to interfere with 1 

or inducing g^ yotcr while he is markino- his ballot or is within the space enclosed 2 

voter to snow , & , i 

ballot. _ by the guard rail, or endeavors to induce a voter, before he has 3 

1889^ 413! § 27'. voted, to show how he marks or has marked his ballot, shall be 4 

punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars. 5 

1893, 417, § 330. 1898, 548, § 403. 



- for obstruct- SECTION 408. Whoevcr wilfully obstructs the votino- at an 1 

ing voting at , , ^^ > 

an election. electioii sliall be puiiishcd by a fine of not more than one hundred 2 

1889, 413, § 28. in o 

1893, 417, § 331. doUai'S. 1898, 548, § 404. O 



aijettin^'-' h"" "^"^ SECTION 409. Whocvcr aids or abets a person who is not quali- 1 

isil'eVs 3"°' ^^^ ^^ "^"^^^ ^^ ^^^ election in voting or attempting to vote, or aids or 2 

^•l-t''^^:^ abets a person in voting or attempting to vote under a name other 3 

1876,' 172, §3. than his own, or in casting or attempting to cast more than one 4 

1884,' 299, § 42. *" ])allot at 0116 time of balloting, shall be punished by imprisonment 5 

lu!' ^^^' ^^ ^^^' foi" iiot more than one year. 1893, 417, § 332. i898, 548, § 405. 6 

toiiotcmitoiy Section 410. Whoever places a mark against a name on a liallot 1 

1892^168 ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^y liii^iself, or places a distinguishing mark on a ])allot not 2 

1893! 417, § 333. cast by himself, exce]:)t as authorized by law, shall be punished by 3 

imprisonment m jail for not more than three years. 4 



1898, 548, § 400. 



reSi^iTol' Section 411. Whoever, with intent to defraud, alters a ballot 1 

reinoying bai- p^st at ail elcctioii : or. With such intent, deposits a ballot in the 2 

lot witli intent i i • • i -i i i i o 

to defraud. ballot box uscd at an election, or in an envelope provided by law 3 

1884 299 § 43. , . . . 

i89o! 423! § 131. for the preservation of ballots cast at an election ; or, with such 4 

1898! 548! § 407! intent, removes a l)allot from any such ballot box or envelope, 5 

157 Mass! 403! shall bc punished by imprisonment in jail for not more than three 6 

years. 7 

— fo.l'jj'CTiiovai Section 412. Whoever removes a ballot from the space en- 1 

enclosed space, closcd by the jjuard rail ])efore the close of the polls shall be pun- 2 

1889 413 § 29. , '^ , ^ 

1893! 41"! § 3155. Islicd hv imprisonment for not more than one year. i898, 548, § 408. 3 

iilg^etc™ cer^ ' SECTION 413. An owncr, superintendent or overseer in any 1 

tain jiersons manufacturiuij, mechanical or mercantile establishment, except such 2 

on day ot state ^ . . \ „ 

election. as may lawfully conduct its Imsmess on Sunday, who emiiloys or o 

1890 423 § 144. . " . ■ . l ^' 

1893! 417! § 336! pemiits to 1)6 employed therein any person entitled to vote at a 4 

78. '" ' state election, during the period of two hours after the opening of 5 

1898, 548, § 409. f^g pQ^g j^ the voting precinct or town in which such person is 6 

entitled to vote, if he shall make application for leave of absence 7 



Chap. 11.] elections. 197 

8 during such period, shall be punished by a fine of not more than 

9 one hundred dollars. 

1 Section 414. Whoever, by threatening to discharge a person Penalty 

2 from his employment or to reduce his wages, or by promising to ing t ohTflSence 

3 give him employment at higher wages, attempts to influence a tiireatsfetc. 

4 voter to give or to withhold his vote at an election, or whoever, G'^'L^'isi 

5 because of the giving or withholding of a vote at an election, dis- Jggo-2^3^ fi^^ 
(3 charoes a person from his employment or reduces his wao-es, shall isosUn,' § 337! 
7 be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. 508,'§§5,'58. ' 

^ '^ ^ ^ 1S0.«, o48, § 410. 

1 Section 415, Whoever pays or gives, or directly or indirectly —for bribery 

2 promises to a voter any gift or reward to influence his vote or to im^i:2^^% 

3 induce him to withhold his vote, shall be punished by imprison- i8i)o,'4"23^ §§'i36 

4 ment for not more than one year. I893, 417, § 338. i898, 548, § 411. i^"- 

1 Section 416. Whoever, at a caucus or at an election, behaves — fordisor- 

2 in a disorderly manner, and, after notice from the presiding officer, at eiecti'ons!'' 

3 persists in such behavior and refuses to withdraw from the polling r.^I. 4^'/io. 

4 place, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than thirty p.l'v'fel' 

5 days. I893, 417, § 339. 1898, 548, § 41-2. 16 Mass. 385. 1890, 423, §§ 138, 

1 Section 417. Whoever wilfully disobeys any lawful command — *o^ 'ii?o'^ey. 

2 of an election or caucus officer shall be punished by imprisonment oflicers. 

3 for not more than thirty days. i893, 417, § 340. i898, 548, § 413. i89o,' 423) § 128. 

1 Section 418. Whoever, when so ordered by the presiding- offi- -for not re- 

,. . /, "^^..^ ^ moving pipe, 

2 cer of an election, caucus or meetins; refuses or fails to remove any cigar or liquor. 

O ' J 1881 273. 

3 pipe, cigar, cigarette or liquor, or to withdraw from the polling p. s. 7, § 64. 

4 place, as provided by section two hundred and twenty-two, shall 1893; 417! § 341'. 

5 be punished by a fine of not more than twenty dollars. i898, 548, § 4i4. 

1 Section 419. Whoever gives any information derived from a —forgiving 

2 recount of votes, relative to a ballot cast by a challenged voter at garding chau^" 

3 an election or caucus, shall be punished by imprisonment for not m2%2°§%^.' 

4 more than one year. i898, 548, § 415. ^^'^^' *^^' § ^*^- 

1 Section 420. AVhoever violates the provisions of sections tW'O — for violation 

2 hundred and ninety-two to two hundred and ninety-four, inclusive, reiat'ing^qcor- 

3 shall be punished l)y imprisonment for not more than one year, and f" eiectiJfnl!*'* 

4 whoever violates any other provision of this chapter relative to J|9|'376'|5'f"2. 

5 corrupt practices in elections shall ])e punished by a fine of not fgliKHf -5 J 

6 more than one thousand dollars. i898| 548,' § 416. 

1 Section 421. The supreme judicial court and the superior court Enforcement 

2 shall have jurisdiction at law or in equity to enforce the provisions 1897, 530, § 20. 

3 of this chapter. Police officers and constables shall arrest Avithout 

4 a warrant any person detected in the act of violating the caucus or 

5 election laws. 



198 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Congressional 
districts. 
P. S. 9, §§ 1, 2. 
1882, 253. 
1891, 396. 
1896, 519. 
1901, 511. 



District Num- 
ber One. 
1 Op. A. G. 



^ 



District Num- 
ber Two. 



District Num. 
ber Three. 



District Num- 
ber Four. 



District Num- 
ber Five. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

Section 422. For the purpose of choosing representatives in the 1 

fiftj-eighth congress of the United States, and in each subsequent 2 

congress until otherwise provided by law, the commonwealth shall 3 

be divided into fourteen districts, each of which shall elect one 4 

representative, and shall be constituted as follows : — 5 

Number One. The cities of North Adams and Pittsfield, and the 6 

several towns in the county of Berkshu-e ; the towns of Ashfield, 7 

Bernardston, Buckland, Cliarlemont, Coh'ain, Conway, Deerfield, 8 

Gill, Greenfield, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, Shel- 9 

burne and AVhately, in the county of Franklin ; the towns of Ches- 10 

terfield, Cummington, Goshen, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, 11 

Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg and Worth- 12 

ington, in the county of Hampshire ; and the city of Holyoke, and 13 

the towns of Agawam, Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, 14 

Russell, Southwick, Tolland, Westfield and West Springfield, in the 15 

county of Hampden, shall form one district, which shall be called 16 

district number one. 17 

Number Two. The towns of Erving, Leverett, Montague, New 18 

Salem, Northfield, Orange, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick and 19 

Wendell, in the county of Franklin ; the city of Northampton, and 20 

the towns of Amherst, Belchertown, Easthampton, Enfield, Granby, 21 

Greenwich, Hadley, Pelham, Prescott, South Pladley and Ware, 22 

in tlie county of Hampshire ; the cities of Chicopee and Springfield, 23 

and the towns of Brimfield, East Longmeadow, Hampden, Holland, 24 

Jjongnieadow, Ludlow, Monson, Palmer, Wales and Wilbraham, in 25 

the county of Hampden ; and the towns of Athol, Barre, Brook- 26 

field, Dana, Hardwick, New Braintree, North Brookfield, Oakham, 27 

Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, Warren and West Brookfield, 28 

in the county of Worcester, shall form one district, which shall be 29 

called district number two. 30 

Number Tlu'ce. The city of Worcester, and the towns of Auburn, 31 

Charlton, Douglas, Dudley, Grafton, Holden, Leicester, Millbury, 32 

Northbridge, Oxford, Paxton, Rutland, Shrewsbury, Southbridge, 33 

Spencer, Sturbridge, Sutton, Uxbridge, Webster, Westborough and 34 

West Bo3'^lston, in the county of Worcester, shall form one district, 35 

wliich shall be called district number three. 36 

Number Four. The city of Fitchburg, and the towns of Ash- 37 

burnham, Berlin, Bolton, Boylston, Clinton, Gardner, Harvard, 38 

Hubbardston, Lancaster, Leominster, Lunenburg, Northborough, 39 

Princeton, Southborough, Sterling, Templeton, AVestminster and 40 

Winchendon, in the county of Worcester; and the cities of Marl- 41 

borough and Waltham, and the towns of Acton, Ashby, Ashland, 42 

Ayer, Bedford, Boxborough, Concord, Framingham, Groton, Hud- 43 

son, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Maynard, Natick, Pepperell, 44 

Shirley, Stow, Sudbury, Townsend, Wayland, Westford and 45 

AVeston, in the county of Middlesex, shall form one district, wliich 46 

shall be called district number four. 47 

Number Five. The city of Lowell, and tlie towns of Billerica, Bur- 48 

lington, Carlisle, Chelmsford, Dracut, Dunstable, North Reading, 49 

Reading, Tewksbury, Tyngsborough and AVihnington, in the county 50 

of Middlesex ; and the city of Lawrence, and the towns of Andover, 51 



Chap. 11.] elp:ctions. 199 

52 Ljunfield, Methuen and North Andover, in the county of Essex, 

53 shall form one district, which shall be called district number five. 

54 Number Six. The cities of Beverly, Gloucester, Haverhill, ^e'six*^"""" 

55 Newburyport and Salem, and the towns of Amesbury, Boxford, 

56 Danvers, Essex, Georgetown, Groveland, Hamilton, Ipswich, Man- 

57 Chester, Marblehead, Merrimac, Middleton, Newbury, Peabody, 

58 liockport, Rowley, Salisbury, Swampscott, Topslield, Wenhani 

59 and AVest Newbury, in the county of Essex, shall form one district, 

60 "which shall be called district number six. 

61 Number Seven. The city of Lynn, and the towns of Nahant District Num- 

62 and Saugus, in the county of Essex ; the cities of Everett, Maiden 

63 and Melrose, and the towns of Stoneham and Wakefield, in the 

64 county of Middlesex ; and the city of Chelsea, and the town of 

65 Revere, in the county of Suffolk, shall form one district, which 
6G shall be called district number seven. 

67 Number Eight. The cities of Cambridge, Medford, Somerville District Num- 

68 and AVoburn, and the towns of Arlington, Belmont and Winchester, '^^ ^^ *' 

69 in the county of Middlesex, shall form one district, which shall be 

70 called district number eight. 

71 Number Nine. The wards numbered one, two, three, four, five. District Num- 

72 six, seven, eight, nine, and precincts six and seven of the ward ^^ ^^^' 

73 numbered twelve, in the city of Boston, and the town of Winthrop, 

74 in the county of Suffolk, shall form one district, which shall be 

75 called district number nine. 

76 Number Ten. The wards numbered thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, District Num- 

77 sixteen, seventeen, twenty and twenty-four, in the city of Boston, ^^ ®"' 

78 in the county of Suffolk ; and the city of Quincy, and the town of 

79 Milton, in the county of Norfolk, shall form one district, which 

80 shall be called district number ten. 

81 Number Eleven. The wards numbered ten, eleven, and pre- District Num- 

82 cincts one, two, three, four and five of the ward numbered twelve, ^^ ^''^'^' 

83 and the wards numbered eighteen, nineteen, twenty-one, twenty- 

84 two, twenty-three and twenty-five, in the city of Boston, in the 

85 county of Suffolk, shall form one district, which shall be called 
8i] district number eleven. 

87 Number Twelve. The towns of Avon, Bellingham, Braintree, District Num- 

88 Brookline, Canton, Dedham, Dover, Foxborough, Franklin, Hoi- ^^ weve. 

89 brook, Hyde Park, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Needham, Norfolk, 

90 Norwood, Randolph, Sharon, Stoughton, Walpole, Wellesley, 

91 Westwood, Weymouth and AVrentham, in the county of Norfolk; 

92 the city of Newton, and the towns of Holliston, Hopkinton, Sher- 

93 born and Watertown, in the county of Middlesex ; the towns of 

94 Blackstone, Ilopedale, Mendon, Milford and Upton, in the county 

95 of Worcester ; and the town of North Attleborough, in the county 
9() of Bristol, shall form one district, which shall be called district 

97 number twelve. 

98 Number Thirteen. The cities of Fall River and New Bedford, ^i'TWrS' 

99 and the towns of Acushnet, Berkley, Dartmouth, Dighton, Fair- 

100 haven, Freetown, Rehoboth, Seekonk, Somerset, Swansea and 

101 Westport, in the county of Bristol ; the towns of Marion, Matta- 

102 poisett and Rochester, in the county of Plymouth ; and the several 

103 towns in the counties of Dukes County and Nantucket, shall form 

104 one district, which shall be called district number thirteen. 



200 



District Num- 
ber Fourteen. 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



Number Fourteen. The city of Brockton, and the towns of 105 
Abington, Bridgewater, Carver, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Hali- 106 
fax, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Hull, Kingston, Lakeville, 107 
Marshfield, Middleborough, Norwell, Pembroke, Plymouth, Plymp- 108 
ton, Rockland, Scituate, AVareham, West Bridgewater and Whit- 109 
man, in the county of Plymouth; the city of Taunton, and the 110 
towns of Attleborough, Easton, Mansfield, Norton and Raynham, 111 
in the county of Bristol; the town of Cohasset, in the county of 112 
Norfolk; and the several towns in the county of Barnstable, shall 113 
form one district, which shall be called district number fourteen. 114 



COUNCILLOR DISTRICTS. 



Councillor 
districts. 
Amend, const., 
art. 16. 
1856, 307. 



First District. 



Second 
District. 



Third District. 



Fourth 
District. 



Fifth District. 



Sixth District. 



Seventh 
District. 



Eighth 
District. 



Section 423. For the purpose of choosing councillors until the 1 
next decennial apportionment the commonwealth is hereby divided 2 
into eight districts, each of which shall elect one councillor. 3 



18.17, 310. 

G. S. 8, §§ 2, 3. 



1866, 221. 
1876, 222. 



P. S. 8, ?§ 2, 3. 
1886, 348, §§ 1-9. 



1896, 509, §§ 11-19. 



The Cape, the first and second Plymouth and the second and third 
Bristol senatorial districts shall constitute the First Councillor 
District. 

The first Bristol, first and second Norfolk and the seventh and 
eio'hth Suffolk senatorial districts shall constitute the Second Coun- 
cillor District. 

The first and second Suff'olk and the first, second and third ]Mid- 
dlesex senatorial districts shall constitute the Third Councillor 
District. 

The third, fourth, fifth, sixth and ninth Suff'olk senatorial districts 
shall constitute the Fourth Councillor District. 

The first, second, third and fourth Essex and the Middlesex and 
Essex senatorial districts shall constitute the Fifth Councillor 
District. 

The fifth Essex and the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh Middlesex 
senatorial districts shall constitute the Sixth Councillor District. 

The first, second, third, fourth and fifth Worcester senatorial dis- 
tricts shall constitute the Seventh Councillor District. 

The Berkshire, Berkshire and Hampshire, Franklin and Hamp- 
shire and first and second Hampden senatorial districts shall 
constitute the Eighth Councillor District. 



4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 



senatorial districts. 

Senatorial SECTION 424. For the pui'pose of clioosing senators until the 

Const., c.i, next decennial apportionment the commonwealth is hereby divided. 
Amend, const., agreeablv to the provisions of the constitution, into forty districts, 

art. 22. ^ . .. -^ , . , , \, , , 

1832, 155. 



each of which shall elect one senator 



R. S. 5, § 2. 
1857, 309. 



G. S. 8. §§ i, 5. 
1866, 120. 



1876, 190. 
P. S. 8, § 



1886, .338. 
189(!, 509, ( 



Cape District. 



First Bristol 
District. 



(4, .5. 1896, 509, §§ 1-10. 

The towns in the counties of Barnstable, Dukes County and Nan- 
tucket shall constitute the Cape Senatorial District. 

The county of Bristol is divided into three districts, as follows : — 

The city of Taunton and the towns of Attleborough, Berkley, 

Easton, Mansfield, North Attleborough, Norton, Raynham, Reho- 

both and Seekonk shall constitute the First Bristol Senatorial 

District. 



1 

2 
3 
4 

5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 



Chap. 11.] elections. 201 

12 The city of Fall River and the towns of Dighton, Somerset and f)^°?rict^"^*"^ 

13 Swansea shall constitute the Second Bristol Senatorial District. 

14 The city of New Bedford and the towns of Acushnet, Dartmouth, ™tr1c?"'*°^ 

15 Fairhaven, Freetown and AVestport shall constitute the Third Bristol 

16 Senatorial District. 

17 The county of Plymouth, with the town of Cohasset in the county 

18 of Xortblk, is divided into two districts, as follows : — 

19 The towns of Aldington, Carver, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, First piym- 

20 Halifax, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Hull, Kingston, Marshfield, 

21 Xorwell, Pembroke, Plymouth, Plympton, Rockland, Scituate, 

22 Whitman and Cohasset shall constitute the First Plymouth Sena- 

23 torial District. 

24 The city of Brockton and the towns of Bridgewater, Lakeville, second piym. 

25 Marion, Mattapoisett, Middleborough, Rochester, Wareham and °''*^°''*"*''- . 

26 West Bridgewater shall constitute the Second Plymouth Senatorial 

27 District. 

28 The county of Norfolk, exclusive of the town of Cohasset, is 

29 divided into two districts, as follows : — 

30 The city of Quincy and the towns of Braintree, Canton, Hoi- Di^g'tricr*"^'' 

31 brook, Hyde Park, jVlilton, Randolph and Weymouth shall consti- 

32 tute the First Norfolk Senatorial District. 

33 The towns of Avon, Bellingham, Brookline, Dedham, Dover, second Nor- 

34 Foxborough, Franklin, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Needham, Nor- 

35 folk, Norwood, Sharon, Stoughton, Walpole, Wellesley, Westwood, 

36 and Wrentham shall constitute the Second Norfolk Senatorial Dis- 

37 trict. 

38 The county of Suffolk, with the ward numbered three in the city 

39 of Cambridge in the county of Middlesex, is divided into nine 

40 districts, as follows : — 

41 The city of Chelsea, the towns of Revere and Winthrop and the First Suffolk 

42 ward numbered one in the city of Boston shall constitute the First 

43 Suffolk Senatorial District. 

44 The wards numbered three, four and five in the city of Boston second Suffolk 

45 and the ward numl)ered three in the city of Cambridge shall consti- 

46 tute the Second Suffolk Senatorial District. 

47 The wards numbered two, six and eight in the city of Boston Third Suffolk 

48 shall constitute the Third Suffolk Senatorial District. 

49 The wards numliered seven, nine and seventeen in the city of Di^trict.^"^"^'^ 

50 Boston shall constitute the Fourth Suffolk Senatorial District. 

51 The wards numbered ten, twelve and eighteen in the city of j^g^^ict!^"^'^ 

52 Boston shall constitute the Fifth Suffolk Senatorial District. 

53 The wards numbered thirteen, fourteen and fifteen in the city of |Ji^trict"^°^'^ 

54 Boston shall constitute the Sixth Suffolk Senatorial District. 

55 The wards numbered sixteen, twenty and twenty-four in the city seventh suf- 

56 of Boston shall constitute the Seventh Suffolk Senatorial District. 

57 The wards numbered twenty-one, twenty-two and twenty-three in Eighth Suffolk 

58 the city of Boston shall constitute the Eighth Suffolk Senatorial 

59 District. 

60 The wards numbered eleven, nineteen and twenty-five in the city Ninth Suffolk 

61 of Boston shall constitute the Ninth Suffolk Senatorial District. ' 
G2 The counties of Essex and Middlesex, exclusive of the ward num- 

63 bered three in the citv of Cambrido;e, are divided into thirteen 

64 districts, as follows : — 



202 



ELECTIONS. 



[Chap. 11. 



First Essex 
District. 



Second Essex 
District, 



Third Essex 
District. 



Fourth Essex 
District. 



Fifth Essex 
District. 



First Middle- 
sex District. 



Second Middle- 
sex District. 



Third Middle- 
sex District. 



Fourth Middle- 
sex District. 



Fifth Middle- 
sex District. 



Sixth Middle- 
sex District. 



Seventh Mid- 
dlesex Dis- 
trict. 



Middlesex and 
Essex District. 



First Worces- 
ter District. 

Second 

Worcester Dis- 
trict. 



Third Worces- 
ter District. 



The wards numbered one, two, three, four, five and seven in the 65 
city of Lynn and the towns of Nahant and Swampscott in the county 66 
of Essex shall constitute the First Essex Senatorial District. 67 

The cities of Beverly and Salem and the towns of Danvers and 68 
Marhlehead shall constitute the Second Essex Senatorial District. 69 

The cities of Gloucester and Newljuryport and the towns of 70 
Essex, Hamilton, Ipswich, Manchester, Newl)ury, Rockport, Row- 71 
ley and Wenliam shall constitute the Third Essex Senatorial 72 
District. 73 

The city of Haverhill and the towns of Amesbury, Georgetown, 74 
Groveland, Merrimac, Salisbury and West Newbury shall constitute 75 
the Fourth Essex Senatorial District. 76 

The city of Lawrence and the towns of Andover, Boxford, 77 
Methuen, North Andover and Topsfield shall constitute the Fifth 78 
Essex Senatorial District. 79 

The city of Newton and the towns of Ashland, Framingham, Hoi- 80 
liston, Hopkinton, Natick, Sherborn, Watertown and AVeston in 81 
the county of Middlesex shall constitute the First Middlesex Sen- 82 
atorial District. 83 

The wards numbered one, two, four and five in the city of Cam- 84 
bridge shall constitute the Second INIiddlesex Senatorial District. 85 

The city of Somerville and the towns of Arlington and Belmont 86 
shall constitute the Third INliddlesex Senatorial District. 87 

The cities of Everett, Maiden and Melrose shall constitute the 88 
Fourth Middlesex Senatorial District. 89 

The cities of Marlborough, Medford and Waltham and the towns 90 
of Lexington, Lincoln, Sudbury, Wayland and Winchester shall 91 
constitute the Fifth ]Middlesex Senatorial District. 92 

The wards numbered five and nine in the city of Lowell and the 93 
towns of Acton, Ashley, Ayer, Bedford, Billerica, Boxborough, 94 
Burling-ton, Carlisle, Concord, Dunstable, Groton, Hudson, Little- 95 
ton, INlaynard, Pepperell, Reading, Shirley, Stow, Tewksbury, 96 
Townsend, Tyngsborough, Westford and Wilmington shall consti- 97 
tute the Sixth Middlesex Senatorial District. 98 

The wards numbered one, two, three, four, six, seven and eight 99 
in the city of Lowell and the towns of Chelmsford and Dracut shall 100 
constitute the Seventh jSIiddlesex Senatorial District. 101 

The city of Wol)urn and the towns of North Reading, Stoneham, 102 
and Wakefield in the county of Middlesex, the ward numbered six 103 
in the city of Lynn and the towns of Lynnfield, Middleton, Pea- 104 
body and Saugus in the county of Essex, shall constitute the Mid- 105 
dlesex and Essex Senatorial District. 106 

The county of Worcester is divided into five districts, as fol-107 
lows : — 108 

The wards numbered four, five, six, seven and eight in the city of 109 
Worcester shall constitute the First Worcester Senatorial District. 110 

The wards numbered one, two and three in the city of Worcester 1 1 1 
and the towns of Berlin, Bolton, Boylston, Clinton, Harvard, Hoi- 112 
den, Lancaster, Sterling and AYest Boylston shall constitute the 113 
Second AA^orcester Senatorial District. 114 

"^ilie city of Fitchl)urg and the towns of Ashburnham, Athol, 115 
Gardner, Leominster, Lunenl)urg, Royalston, AA^estminster and 116 
AYinchendon shall constitute the Third NVorcester Senatorial Dis-117 
trict. 118 



Chap. 11.] elections. 203 

The towns of Barre, Brookfield, Charlton, Dana, Dudley, Hard- w "/caster dis- 
wick, Hubbardston, Leicester, New Braintree, North Brookfield, ti'ict. 
Oakham, Paxton, Petersham, Phillipston, Princeton, Rutland, South- 
bridge, Spencer, Sturbridge, Templeton, AVarren, Webster and 
West Brookfield shall constitute the Fourth Worcester Senatorial 
District. 

The towns of Auburn, Blackstone, Douglas, Grafton, Hopedale, Fifth worces- 
Mendon, Milford, Millbury, Northborough, Northbridge, Oxford, ^'•^^^^"^t. 
Shrewsbury, Southborough, Sutton, Upton, Uxbridge and West- 
borough shall constitute the Fifth Worcester Senatorial District. 

The counties of Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden and Hampshire 
are divided into five districts as follows : — 

The cities of North Adams and Pittsfield and the towns of Adams, Berkshire 
Cheshire, Clarksburg, Dalton, Florida, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanes- '®*"'^*- 
borough, New Ashford, Peru, Savoy, Williamstown and Windsor 
in the county of Berkshire shall constitute the Berkshire Senatorial 
District. 

The towns of Alford, Becket, Egremont, Great Barrington, Lee, Berkshire and 
Lenox, Monterey, Mount Washington, New MarlJjorough, Otis, Dfsto-ict!^"^^ 
Richmond, Sandisfield, Sheffield, Stockbridge, Tyringham, Wash- 
ington and West Stockbridge in the county of Berkshire, the city 
of Northampton and the towns of Chesterfield, Cummington, East- 
hampton, Goshen, Hadley, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Plain- 
field, South Hadley, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg 
and Worthington in the county of Hampshire, and the towns of 
Blandford, Chester and Russell in the county of Hampden, shall 
constitute the Berkshire and Hampshire Senatorial District. 

The towns in the county of Franklin and the towns of Amherst, Ham^sMr'^*^ 
Belchertown, Enfield, Granljy, Greenwich, Pelham, Prescott and District. 
AYare in the county of Hampshire shall constitute the Franklin and 
Hampshire Senatorial District. 

The city of Springfield and the towns of Brimfield, Holland, dlniMstrict". 
Monson, Palmer, Wales and Willjraham in the county of Hampden 
shall constitute the First Hampden Senatorial District. 

The cities of Chicopee and Holyoke and the towns of Agawam, second Hamp. 
East Longmeadow, Granville, Hampden, Longmeadow, Ludlow, 
Montgomery, Southwick, Tolland, West Springfield and Westfield 
in the county of Hampden shall constitute the Second Hampden 
Senatorial District. 



APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

1 Section 425. The two hundred and forty members of the house Apportion. 

2 of representatives are hereby apportioned to the several counties, ^ntat*ives.^^^' 

3 until the next decennial apportionment, as follows : to the county art"!!' ^' ^' ^ ^' 

4 of Barnstable, three representatives ; to the county of Berkshire, ^rtH^' *'"°^*'' 

5 nine; to the county of Bristol, eighteen; to the county of Dukes ^^^f'^^- 

6 County, one; to the county of Essex, thirty-three; to the county ]857, ads. 

7 of Franklin, four; to the county of Hampden, thirteen; to the isee.'ids, §'i. 

8 county of Hampshire, five ; to the county of Middlesex, forty- p/s. 8,'§ e." 

9 seven ; to the county of Nantucket, one ; to the county of Norfolk, isge; loai § k. 

10 excluding therefrom the town of Cohasset, thirteen ; to the county 

11 of Plymouth, including therein the town of Cohasset, twelve ; to the 



204 ELECTIONS. [Chap. 11. 

county of Suffolk, fifty-three ; and to the county of Worcester, 12 

twenty-eight. 13 

missfoners"'"' SECTION 426. The commissioncrs who are elected Under the pro- 1 

Amend, const., visions of scctiou three hundred and twenty-four shall, within thirty 2 

iswT.'ii-, § 2. days after the secretary of the commonwealth shall have certified to 3 

them the number of representatives to which the county of Suffolk may 4 

be entitled, as determined by the general court, assemble in the city 5 

of Boston, and, as soon as may be, shall so divide said county into 6 

representative districts of contiguous territory as to apportion the 7 

representation of said county, as nearly as may be, according to the 8 

number of voters in the several districts. Such districts shall be so 9 

formed that no ward of a city and no town shall be divided, and no 10 

district shall be so formed that it shall be entitled to elect more 11 

than three representatives. The districts shall be numbered by the 12 

commissioners, and a description of each district, its number and the 13 

number of voters therein shall be transmitted to the secretary of 14 

the commonwealth, to the treasurer of the city of Boston, to the 15 

clerk of the town of Revere and to the clerk of the town of Win- 16 

throp and shall be filed and kept in their respective ofiices. 17 






TITLE III. 

OF THE ASSESSMENT AXD COLLECTION OF TAXES. 

Chapter 12. — Of the Assessment of Taxes. 

Chapter 13. — Of the Collection of Taxes. 

Chapter 14. — Of the Taxation of Corporations. 

Chapter 15. — Of the Taxation of Collateral Legacies and Successions. 



CHAPTER 12 



OF THE ASSESSMENT OF TAXES. 



Sections 


1-4. 


Sections 


5-12. 


Sections 


13-28. 


Sections 


29-33. 


Sections 


34-40. 


Sections 


41-50. 


Sections 


51-66, 


Sections 


67-70, 


Sections 


71,72. 


Sections 


73-84, 


Section 


85, 


Sections 


86,87. 


Sections 


88-90. 


Section 


91, 


Sections 


92-97, 


Sections 


98,99, 


Sections 


100,101, 



-Persons and Property Liable to Taxation. 
-Persons and Property Exempt from Taxation. 

- Where and to Whom Polls and Property shall be Assessed. 
-Evasion of Taxation. 

■Duty and Manner of Assessing Taxes. 
■Notices and Lists. 
-Assessment of Taxes. 

- Collector's List and Warrant. 
-Discount and Interest on Taxes. 
-Abatements. 

-Omitted Assessments. 

-Re-assessment of Taxes. 

-Apportionment of Taxes on Real Estate subsequently 

Divided. 
-Illegal Assessments. 
-Additional Duties of Assessors. 
-Responsibility and Compensation of Assessors. 
-Apportionment of State Tax. 



PERSONS AND PROPERTY LIABLE TO TAXATION. 

1 Section 1 . A poll tax of two dollars shall be assessed on every Persons sub- 

. , 1 1 1 1 /• ject to a poll 

2 male inhabitant ot the commonwealth above the age oi twenty years, tax. 

3 whether a citizen of the United States or an alien. 



1843, 87. 
1S44, 14.5. 



G. S. 11, § 1. 
P. S. 11, § 1. 



1901, 424, § 1. 
7 Mass. 5-23. 



4 Met. 181. 

5 Met. 594.