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REESE LIBRARY 

OF THK 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 



Class 







THE 

Revolutionary Records 



OF THB 



STATB OF GEORGIA 



VOLUME I 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS, 
MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS, 
COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 
PROVINCIAL CONGRESS, 
CONSTITUTION OF 1777, 
CONFISCATION AND BANISHMENT, 
SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES, 
1769 to 178a. 



COIIPII,BD AND PUBUSHBD UNDER AUTHORrrV 
OF 

THE LEGISLATURE 

BY 

ALLEN r>. pANDLER 



ATLANTA, GA. 

THE FRANKLIN-TURNER COMPANY 

PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, BINDERS 

1908 



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PREFATORY NOTE. 



The following compilation contains all authentic 
records and documents relating to the Revolutionary 
period of Georgia history that the compiler has been able 
to find after a most careful, thorough and diligent search. 
While it is not presented as a complete compilation, it 
is believed that it contains most of the official records 
made during the period of which it treats, certainly all 
that are now in existence, and to supply the place of 
original papers not now in existence, well authenticated 
copies and extracts from contemporaneous publications 
have been utilized. 

That many official records of this important period, 
once in existence, have been irretrievably lost, cannot be 
doubted, because our early historians have made copious 
extracts from many that cannot now be found. Among 
the most valuable records known to have been lost and, 
consequently, not now available for this compilation, are 
the Minutes of the Executive Office up to the fourteenth 
of January, 1778, the Journal of the proceedings of the 
Constitutional Convention of 1776-7, not a vestige of 
which, nor even a list of the names of the del^^tes who 
sat in it, having been anywhere discovered, and the Jour- 
nals of the several sessions of the legislature held prior 
to the seventeenth day of August, 1781. The destruction 
of these Minutes and Journals was a serious and irrepara- 
ble loss. We have, however, the net result of the labors of 
the convention and these legislative sessions in the Con- 

(3) 



i(;f^sr> 



4 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

stitution of 1777, and the Acts of these legislatures, all 
of which are included in this compilation. 

Several causes conspired to bring about this ever to 
be regretted loss of important records and documents. 
First of all, when, in December, 1778, Savannah, the 
seat of government, was captured by the British, all the 
records of the state made prior to that time were also 
captured and either carried away or destroyed, except 
a few relating to the Office of the Secretary of State, 
which were saved only by the vigilance of the incum- 
bent of the office, John Milton, who, disregarding the 
orders of Governor Houstoun, conveyed his records 
first to Charleston and then, when that city was threat- 
ened, to Newbem, North Carolina, and, finally, when that 
state was invaded by the enemy, to Annapolis, where they 
remained till after the close of the war. 

Many records made after the fall of Savannah, during 
the progress of the war, either fell into the hands of the 
enemy and perished or were lost in transportation, from 
place to place, in the effort to save them from destruc- 
tion; while the loss of such as are known to have sur- 
vived the war is probably mainly due to the careless- 
ness of historians and persons, who contemplated writing 
histories and afterwards abandoned the idea, in borrow- 
ing them and never returning them to the Archives 
Rooms of the Capitol. In this way it is positively known 
some of them were lost. 

Again, we have abundant reason to believe that during 
the progress of the War for Independence, when a state 
of semi-anarchy prevailed from the cessation of British 
rule when the royal governor was arrested, and before 



PREFATORY NOTE. 6 

the constitutional government was thoroughly established 
in all of its departments, many things of an official char- 
acter were done of which no written record was ever 
made, and this condition of semi-anarchy prevailed in 
the state during almost the entire period of the war, 
for Governor Martin said in his inaugural address in Jan- 
uary, 1782, that then it could be said for the first time 
that the government provided for in the constitution was 
organized and in operation in all of its departments. One 
of our most careful and painstaking historians, speaking 
of the conditions which prevailed in the state at this 
time, has said, "The government of Georgia during the 
Revolutionary period was feeble, uncertain and peripa- 
tetic. Few records of this transition stage in the de- 
velopment of the state have been preserved, and they 
are at best fragmentary and unimportant," and our re- 
search has established the truth of what he said. 

Still, notwithstanding this paucity of official records, 
due to the causes mentioned, much matter of an official 
or semi-official character has been found which is of too 
much interest to be omitted, and yet to include it in this 
compilation, disjointed and disconnected as it is, without 
explanation or comment, much of it would be almost, if 
not quite, unintelligible. The compiler has therefore 
deemed it not improper to' include it in an introductory 
with such comment and reference to contemporaneous 
occurrences as seem necessary to weave all of it into a 
connected narrative, and thus make it intelligible to the 
reader. 

Some of these scattered and disjointed papers thus 
utilized have been found in the Archives Rooms and in 










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REESE LIBRARY 

OF TH1-: 

I UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. I 
Class 




10 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

ceeding 13 shillings and 4 pence per yard, checks not 
above 13 shillings and 3 pence per yard, felt hats not 
above 48 shillings per dozen, bolting cloths, mill and 
grind stones, cotton and wool cards, and wire thread not 
above 8 shillings and 5 pence per pound, shoes not above 
48 shillings per dozen; as also the following goods 
necessary for the Indian trade, strouds, vemiilion, beads, 
looking-glasses, and paint; and exclusive of these arti- 
cles, we do solemnly promise and declare that we will 
immediately countermand all orders to our correspond- 
ents in Great Britain for shipping any goods, wares or 
merchandise other than herein before excepted, and will 
sell and dispose of the goods we now or hereafter may 
have, at the same rate and prices as before. 

5th. — Tliat we will neither purchase or give mourning 
at funerals. 

6th. — That from and after the ist of June, 1770, we 
will not import, buy or sell any negroes that shall be 
brought into this Province from Africa; nor after the 
1st of January next, any negroes from the West Indies, 
or any other place, excepting from Africa aforesaid; 
and if any goods or negroes be sent to us contrary to our 
agreement in this subscription, such goods shall be re- 
shipped or stowed, and such negroes re^shipped from this 
Province, and not by any means offered for sale therein. 

7th. — That we will not import, on our own account, or 
on commission purchase, from any masters of vessels, 
transient persons, or non-subscribers, any wines after the 
15th day of March next. 

8th. — That we will not purchase any negroes im- 
ported, or any goods, wares, or merchandise, from any 
resident of this province or transient person that shall 
neglect to sign this agreement within five weeks from the 
date thereof, except it appear he shall be unavoidably 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. H 

prevented from so doing ; and every person signing and 
not strictly adhering to the same, according to the true 
intent and meaning thereof, and also every non-subscriber, 
shall be looked upon as no friend to his country." 

No move was made, however, looking to organized 
resistance to British invasion of the constitutional rights 
of the colonists until the 14th of July, 1774, when the 
following publication appeared in the Georgia Gazette, 
the only newspaper then published in the colony! 

"The critical situation to which the British colo- 
nies in America are likely to be reduced from the 
alarming and arbitrary imposition of the late acts of 
the British parliament respecting the town of Bos- 
ton, as well as the acts that at present extend to the 
raising of a perpetual revenue without the consent 
of the people or their representatives, is consider- 
ed as an object extremely important at this critical 
juncture, and particularly calculated to deprive the 
American subjects of their constitutional rights and 
liberties, as a part of the British Empire. It is 
therefore requested that all persons within this prov- 
ince do attend at the liberty-pole at Tondee's Tavern, 
in Savannah, on Wednesday the 27th instant, in 
order that the said matters may be taken under con- 
sideration, and such other constitutional measures 
be framed as may then appear to be most eligible." 

N0B1.E W. Jones, 
Archibald Bulloch, 
John Houstoun, 
George Walton. 

In response to this call a considerable number of the 
leading men of Savannah and the surrounding country 
met at the time and place indicated. Letters from the 
committees of correspondence in Massachusetts, Penn- 



/ 



12 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

sylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina and South 
Carolina were read, and a motion was made and carried 
that a committee be at once appointed to draw up and 
submit resolutions defining the position of the people of 
the province on the questions then engaging the earnest 
attention of tlie provinces further north. The following 
persons were named as the committee: — John Glen, 
John Smith, Joseph Clay, John Houstoun, Noble Wim- 
berly Jones, Lyman Hall, William Young, Edward Tel- 
fair, Samuel Farley, George Walton, Joseph Habersham, 
Jonathan Bryan, Jonathan Cochran, George Mcintosh, 
Sutton Banks, William Gibbons, Benjamin Andrew, John 
Winn, John Stirk, Archibald Bulloch, James Screven, 
David Zubley, Henry Davis Bourquin, Elisha Butler, 
William Baker, Parmenus Way, John Baker, John Mann, 
John Benefield, John Stacy and John Morel. 

The persons present and participating in this meeting 
were nearly all from the lower parishes, and most of them 
from Christ's Church and Saint John's. The upper and 
interior parishes were not represented, and it was there- 
fore deemed advisable to adjourn the meeting over to the 
tenth of August, the chairman of the committee being 
instructed to write in the meantime to all the parishes 
inviting them to send delegates to the August meeting 
equal in number to the representatives each was entitled 
to in the Commons House of Assembly 

The following is a copy of Mr. Glen's letter: — 

27th July, 1774. 

Gentlemen, — At a very respectable meeting of 
the inhabitants of this Province, held this day at 
Savannah, for the purpose of concerting such meas- 
ures as may be proper to be pursued respecting cer- 
tain late acts of the British Parliament, it was, after 
some business being entered upon, objected that 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 13 

many of the out parisheis might not have a sufficient 
notification of the intended meeting ; and therefore, 

Resolved, That all further business be postponed 
till the loth of August next, and that in the mean 
time notice be given to the inhabitants of the several 
parishes, in order to afford them an opportunity of 
sending down deputies to deliver their sense upon 
this very important occasion. 

In pursuance of this resolve, I take the liberty, as 
Chairman of the Committee to request you will 
send gentlemen duly authorized to attend on behalf 
of your parish at the next meeting. The number 
expected to join the Committee is agreeable to the 
number of representatives each parish sends to the 
General Assembly. The Committee to meet you at 
Savannah are : John Glen, John Smith, Joseph Clay, 
John Houstoun, N. W. Jones, Lyman Hall, Wm. 
Young, E. Telfair, Samuel Farley, Geo. Walton, 
Joseph Habersham, Jonathan Bryan, Jonathan 
Cochran, Geo. W. Mcintosh, Sutton, Wil- 
liam Gibbons, Benj. Andrew, John Winn, John 
Stirk, A. Powell, James Beaven, D. Zubly, H. L. 
Bourquine, Elisha Butler, Wnn. Baker, Parmenus 
Way, John Baker, John Mann, John Bennefield, 
John Stacey, John Morell. 

I am, dear Sir, 

John Gi.en. 

When the proceedings of this meeting were published 
they gave rise to much alarm and excitement, especially 
among the apologists for the arbitrary acts of the British 
parliament and ministry. The royal governor. Sir James 
Wright, called his council together to advise with them 
as to what course he should pursue to quell the spirit of 
rebellion which had been manifested. In his council was 



14 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Jonathan Bryan, who had participated in the meeting of 
the 14th of July. For this act of disloyalty a motion was 
made to expel him from the council. The sturdy patriot 
assured the council that this was unnecessary and at once 
handed in his resignation, accompanied with language as 
forcible as it was characteristic. All the other members of 
the council remained steadfast to the King. After 
Bryan's withdrawal the Governor and Council carefully 
considered the situation and determined to try to over- 
awe the friends of liberty, and to this end the following 
proclamation was published. 

"GEORGIA. 

By his Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Cap- 
tain General, Governor and Commander-in-chief of 
his Majesty's province of Georgia, Chancellor, Vice- 
Admiral and Ordinary of the same. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas, I have received information that on Wednes- 
day the 27th day of July last past a number of persons 
in consequence of a printed bill or sumnwns issued and 
dispersed throughout this province by certain persons 
unknown did unlawfully assemble together at the watch- 
house in the town of Savannah, under color or pretence 
of consulting together for the redress of public griev- 
ances, or imaginary grievances, and that the persons so 
assembled for the purpose aforesaid, or some of them, 
are from and by their own authority by a certain other 
hand bill issued and dispersed throughout the province, 
and other methods endeavoring to prevail on his Majes- 
ty's liege subjects to have another meeting on Wednes- 
day, the loth instant, similar to the former, and for the 
purpose aforesaid, which summons and meetings must 
tend to raise fears and jealousies in the minds of his 
Majesty's good subjects, 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 15 

And Whereas an opinion prevails and has been indus- 
triously propogated, that summonses and meetings of 
this nature are constitutional and legal; in order there- 
fore that his Majesty's li^e subjects may not be misled 
and imposed upon by artful and designing men, I do, by 
and with the consent of his Majesty's honorable Council 
issue this, my proclamation, notifying that all such meet- 
ings of the people which may tend to raise fears and 
jealousies in the minds of his Majesty's subjects, under 
pretence of consulting together for redress of public 
grievances, or imaginary grievances, are unconstitutional, 
illegal and punishable by law. And I do hereby require 
all his Majesty's li^e subjects within this province to 
pay due regard to this, my proclamation, as they will 
answer the contrary at their peril. 

Given under my hand the 5th day of August, etc. 

James Wright. 

By His Excellency's command 

Thomas Moodie, Deputy Secretary. 

God Save the King." 

This proclamation had but little effect, but when the 
tenth of August came the patriots assembled and the fol- 
lowing resolutions were adopted : 

"Resolved, nemine contradicente, That his Majesty's 
subjects in America owe the same allegiance, and are en- 
titled to the same rights, privil^es, and immunities with 
their fellow-subjects in Great Britain. 

"Resolved, nemine contradicente, That, as protection 
and allegiance are reciprocal, and under the British Con- 
stitution correlative terms, his Majesty's li^e subjects 
in America have a clear and indisputable right, as well 



16 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

from the general laws of mankind, as from the ancient 
and established customs of the land^ so often recognized, 
to petition the throne upon every emergency. 

"Resolved, nemine contradicente, That an act of Par- 
liament, lately passed, for blockading the port and har- 
bor of Boston, is contrary to our idea of the British Con- 
stitution: First, for that it in effect deprives good and 
lawftd men of the use of their property without judg- 
ment of their peers ; and, secondly, for that it is in na- 
ture of an ex post facto law, and indiscriminately blends, 
as objects of punishment, the innocent with the guilty. 
Neither do we conceive the same justified upon a prin- 
ciple of necessity; for that numerous instances evince 
that the laws and executive power of Boston have made 
sufficient provision for the punishment of all oflfenders 
against persons and property. 

"Resolved, nenUne contradicente. That the act for 
abolishing the charter of Massachusetts Bay tends to the 
subversion of American rights; for, besides those gen- 
eral liberties the original settlers brought over with them 
as their birthright, particular immunities were granted 
by such charter, as an inducement and means of settling 
the province ; and we apprehend the said charter cannot 
be dissolved, but by a voluntary surrender of the people, 
representatively declared. 

"Resolved, nemine contradicente. That we apprehend 
the Parliament of Great Britain hath not, nor ever had, 
any right to tax his Majesty's American subjects; for 
it is evident beyond contradiction, the Constitution ad- 
mits of no taxation without repwesentation ; that they 
are coeval and inseparable; and every demand for the 
support of Government should be by requisition made to 
the scA'eral Houses of Representatives. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 17 

"Resolved, neniine contradicente, That it is contrary 
to natural justice and the established law of the land, to 
transport any person to Great Britain, or elsewhere, to 
be tried under indictment for a crime committed in any 
of the colonies, as the party prosecuted would thereby be 
deprived of the privilege of trial by his peers from the 
vicinage ; the injured perhaps prevented from legal repa- 
ration, and both lose the full benefit of their witnesses. 

"Resolved, nemine contradicente, That we will concur 
with our sister colonies in every constitutional measure 
to obtain redress of American g^evances, and will by 
every lawful means in our power maintain those inesti- 
mable blessings for which we are indebted to God and the 
Constitution of our country — a Constitution founded 
upon reason and justice, and the indelible rights of man- 
kind. 

"Resolved, nemine contradicente, That the committee 
appointed by the meeting of the inhabitants of this prov- 
ince, on Wednesday the 27th of July last, together with 
the deputies who have appeared here on this day from the 
different parishes, be a general committee to act; and 
that any eleven or more of them shall have full power 
to correspond with the committees of the several prov- 
inces upon the Continent; and that copies of these reso- 
lutions, as well as all other proceedings, be transmitted 
without delay to the Committee of Correspondence in the 
respective provinces." 

The proclamation of Governor Wright having failed 
to prevent the assembling of the people and the ex- 
pression of their opinions and determinations as to the 
course they would pursue, he attempted to destroy the 
effect of the example of those who had participated in 
the meeting by showing that they were a mere minority 
composed of malcontents and did not voice the senti- 

2 r r— vol 1 



18 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

nients of the people of the colony. To this end he called 
another meeting. About a third of the inhabitants in 
and about Savannali, including the Governor's Council 
and all his otlier officers, both civil and military, assem- 
bled and signed a protest against the action of the meet- 
ing of the tenth of August. 



DISSENT TO THE RESOLUTIONS OF AU- 
GUST ID, 1774. 

On the tenth instant, a meeting was held at Savannah, 
to which several districts and parishes, particularly St. 
Paul's, one of the most populous in the Province, sent no 
deputies; and although one Lord, and another person 
attended as deputies from the parish of St. George, yet 
upwards of 80 respectable inhabitants of that parish sent 
down their dissent. Nor was the parish of Christ Church 
represented at this meeting, unless the self-appointed 
committee be considered as their representatives. The 
measure left an opening for any to appear at the meet- 
ing in the character of deputies, who brought down an 
apix>intment as such, without any inquiry whether they 
were constituted by the majority of the parish or not. 
Several artful falselioods were thrown out to induce the 
jjarishes and districts to send deputies. In the Parish of 
St. George, it was said that the Stamp Act was to be 
enforced; and in the parish of St. Matthew, the people 
were told that nothing was intended but a dutiful peti- 
tion to the king, as the father of his people ; and to such 
lengths were matters carried, that ^hen some of the in- 
habitants of St. Matthew's parish discovered the decep- 
tion, and desired that they might scratch out their names 
from the instnunent appointing deputies — it was refused 
them. Their adjournment from the 27th of July to the 
tenth of August was general, and therefore it was natural 
to suppose that the last meeting would be held at the 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 1» 

Vendue house, the same plajce as the first ; for whenever 
it is intended that a future meeting of any kind shall be 
held at a different place than that which is usual, notice 
is always given of the alteration of the place of meeting, 
otherwise most of those who may be desirous of attend- 
ing, would not know where to go. In the present case 
none knew that the second meeting would be held at a 
different place than the first, except those few who were 
in the sea"et. But the important meeting of the loth of 
August, in defence of the constitutional rights and liber- 
ties of American subjects, was held at a tavern, and it 
was said, twenty-six persons, with the doors shut for a 
considerable time, undertook to bind them by resolution ; 
and when several gentlemen attempted to join, the tav- 
ern-keeper, who stood at the door with a list in his hand, 
refused them admittance, because their names were not 
mentioned in that list. Such was the conduct of these 
pretended advocates for the liberties of America. Several 
of the inhabitants of St. Paul's and St. George's, two of 
the most ix>pulous, have transmitted their written dissent 
to any resolutions, and there were gentlemen ready to 
present their dissent, had not the doors been shut for a 
considerable time, and admittance refused. And it is 
conceived that shutting the door and refusing admittance 
to any but resolutioners, was calculated to prevent the 
rest of the inhabitants from giving their dissent to meas- 
ures tliat were intended to operate as the unanimous 
sense of the Province. Upon the whole, the world will 
judge whether the meeting of the loth inst, held by a 
few persons in a tavern, with doors shut, can, with any 
appearance of truth or decency, be called a general meet- 
ing of the inhabitants of Georgia. Having now given 
our reasons at large, we enter this our public dissent to 
the said resolutions of the loth, and all the proceedings 
had or to be had thereon, and do earnestly desire that 




20 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



such resolutions may not be taken as the sense of the 
inhabitants of Georgia. 



(Signed.) 

James Habersham, 
Lachlan McGillivray, 
y^Josiah Tattnall, 
^James Hume, 
Xjohn Jamierson, 
Tho. Johnston, 
John Simpson, 
James Robertson, 
"^TMex. Thompson, 
^ Lewis Johnson, 
John Irvine, 
Anthony Stokes, 
Edward Lang^orthy, 
Joseph Butler, 
Wm. Skinner, 
James Mossman, 

• Henry Younge, 
Philip Younge, 
Tho. Moodie, 

• Philip Moore, 
Jos. Ottolenghe, 
Geo. Frazer, 
John English, 
David Montaigut, 
James Read, 

• Wm. Moss, 
Henry Younge, Jr., 
James Farley, 
James Nicol, 
Tho. Ross, 
James Thompson, 



Richard Wright, 
John Patton, 
John Hume, 
James E. Powell, 
Leonard Cecil, 
Moses Nunes, 
Andrew Robertson, 
Henry Preston, 
Robert Bolton, 
Noble Jones, 
James Habersham, 
James A. Stewart, 
Peter La Vein,* 
John Mullryne, 
John B. Garardiau. 
Abraham Gray, 
Robert Watt, 
Alex. Wylly, 
David Gray, 
Wm. Moore, 
Quintin Pooler, 
Francis Knowles, 
Geo. Finch, 
Wm. Ross, 
John Parkinson, 
E. Jones, 
^John Graham, 
•Thomas Reid, 
John Storr, 
Wm. Brown, Jr., 
James Herriott, 



^Peter I««Vein dissents, because ht conceives thst as an inhabiUnt of Christ 
Cliurch Parish he was not represented. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 21 

John Lowery, Stephen Britton, 

N. Wade, Geo. Henley, 

Matthew Stewart, John Spencer, 

Charles Yourige, James Low, 

Robt. Gray, Daniel Mclnnes, 

James Dixee, Jonathan Holden, 

Samuel Shepherd, Henry Forest, 

Wm. Strothers, ^John Mills. 
"^Wm. Thompson, 

The following persons in other districts of this parish 
have subscribed hereunto : 

Upon the Island of Skidaway, Geo. Barry, Charles W. 
McKinon, Robert Reid. 

In Vemonburgh, David Johnson, Geo. Dron, Na- 
thaniel Adams, Walter Denny, Peter Theis, Joseph Spen- 
ser, Henry Nungazer, John Campbell, George Nungazer, 
James Noble, John Ranstaller. 

The Governor, to swell as far as he could the number 
of dissenters, sent his friends and hired agents through- 
out all the parishes to secure signers to similar papers 
protesting against the action of the patriots. In this way 
he succeeded in securing the signatures of many timid 
and ill informed persons who, when fully informed of 
the real conditions, became the most zealous supporters 
of the cause of the colonies. So anxious were the friends 
and agents of the Governor to make it appear that a ma- 
jority of the people were on the side of the royal govern- 
ment, that it was said they forged to their papers of pro- 
test the names of minors and of many persons who had 
been dead for years, so that the signatures to the pro- 
tests brought up from some of the parishes exceeded in 
number the entire population of the parish. There was 
but one newspaper published in the province at that time, 
and it was under the domination of the Governor, and all 



J2 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

its power was wielded in the interest of the royal gov- 
ernment and against the popular cause. The following 
are some of these protests obtained by misrepresentation 
and deception. 

(Reprint from White's Historical Collections,) 
Parish of St. Paul. (Now Richmond County.) 

We, the inhabitants of Kyokee and Broad River set- 
tlements, do in this public manner think proper to de- 
clare our dissent and disapprobation to a certain paper 
or handbill pubhsh^d and dispensed throughout the Prov- 
ince, entitled and called, 

"Resolutions entered into at Savannah, on IVednes- 
day, the loth day of August, 1774, at a general meeting, 
(as therein set forth,) of the inhabitants of this Prov- 
ince, to consider of the state of the Colonies in America/* 

For the following reasons : — 

First, Because we look upon the said paper as a very 
improper treatment of the inhabitants of the Province, 
and of this Province in particular, for that we have been 
well informed that the said meeting was not a public 
one, as before advertised, it being held at the house of 
Mr. Tondee, in Savannah, and that many respectable 
persons were refused admittance. 

Secondly, That the meeting was by no means a nu- 
merous one; for where a question of the most serious 
concern was put, there were only twenty-six persons that 
gave their voices. 

Thirdly, Because we from the beginning entirely dis- 
approved of the said meeting, and in consequence of our 
disapprobation, we sent to Savannah a protest and rca- 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 



23 



soils at large, which would have been presented at said 
meeting, on Wednesday, the loth inst., had not a num- 
ber of gentlemen of honour and probity in Savannah 
been refused admittance; and it is denied by a number 
that there were any deputies from the Parish of Christ 
Church legally appointed. 

Foti/rthlyj Because we had no voice in said meeting, 
and because we think that the said paper carries with it 
unnecessary and unjust reflections on the honour and 
justice of Kings, Lords and Commons. 

For these and other reasons, we do solemnly protest 
against the proceedings had on tlie loth inst., and do 
entirely dissent from them. 



James McFarland, 
Saunders Walker, 
Daniel Marshall, 
John Griflfin, 
Andrew Paull, 
Aaron Sinquefield, 
Edward Seed, 
William Lamar, 
Charles Jordan, 
William Love^ 
James Cox, 
James Young, 
Charles Hurd, 
James Hill, 
John Hill, 
Joshua Hill, 
Solomon Barfield, 
John Kelly, 
Giles Tillett, 
John Truman, 
Moses Powell, 



J. P., William Wilden, 
Henry Brewster, 
Solomon Vickers, 
William Few, 
Niel Jackson, 
George Cowin, 
Daniel Walker, 
John Buchanari^ 
David Sidwell, 
Thomas Mills, 
Charles Lea, 
John Brady, 
John Matthas, 
D. Wright, 
Robert Story, 
Henry Golden, 
John Howard, 
John Anderson, 
John Johnson, 
Nicholas Mercer, 
William Handley, 



24 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Frederick Stump, 
William Wright, 
Samuel Blair, 
Samuel Smith, 
Thomas Jackson, 

E. Smith, 
Samuel Morton, 
William Halliday, 
John Smith, 
William Barnard, 

F. Ashmore, 
John Lloyd, 
Jacob Jones, 
Jacob Winfred, 
R. Balaman, 
George Bagby, 
N. Burnet, 
Mark Jones, 
John Mitchell, 
John Fuller, Sen., 
John Fuller, Jr., 

August 24, 1774. 



R. Howard, 
Z. Lamar, Sen., 
M. Custino, 
R. Gilgorc, 
James Aycock, 
George Neals, Sen., 
Moses Perkins, 
Jeremiah Cloud, 
Noah Cloud, 
Thos. Hooper, 
Thomas Waters, 
George Simson, 
Andrew Brown, 
Wm. Dicks, 
William Thomas, 
Samuel Whitaker, 
Jacob Bowes, 
A. Williams, 
E. Wilmorc, 
Benjamin Browne. 



(Reprint from Whitens Historical Collections.) 

We, the subscribers, inhabitants of the Parish of St 
Paul, having understood that certain persons have at- 
tempted, and are now attempting to prevail on the good- 
meaning and well-disposed pec^le of this Province, to 
enter into resolutions similar to those made in the Prov- 
ince of South Carolina, in order to counteract and ren- 
der ineffectual some late acts of the British Parliament 
intended to reduce the people of Boston to a sense of 
their duty : — 



We do hereby, for ourselves and others, protest against 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 26 

any, and declare our dissent to any such resolutions, or 
proceedings in any wise tending to express disloyalty to 
our most gracious Sovereign, and the Lords and Conir 
mons of Great Britain, for the following reasons, viz. : — 

First, Because we apprehend this mode of assembling 
and entering into resolutions that arraign the conduct 
of the King and Parliament, is illegal, and tends only to 
alienate the affections, and forfeit the favour and pro- 
tection of a nK>st gracious Sovereign, and to draw upon 
this colony the displeasure of the Lords and Commons of 
Great Britain. 

Secondly, Because, if we have real grievances to com- 
plain of, the only legal and constitutional method of 
seeking redress is, we apprehend, to instruct our repre- 
sentatives in Assembly to move for and promote a de- 
cent and proper application to his Majesty and the Par- 
liament for relief. 

Thirdly, That as the inhabitants of this Province have 
had no hand in destroying any teas, the property of the 
East India Company, and, therefore, are not involved 
in the same g^ilt with those of Boston, they can have no 
business to make themselves partakers of the ill conse- 
quences resulting from such a conduct. 

Thirdly, Because we imderstand that the Council and 
Assembly of this Province have lately applied to his Maj- 
esty for assistance in case of an Indian war ; and should 
we enter into any such resolutions, we could not in jus- 
tice expect any such assistance, but would be counter- 
acting what they have done, and exposing the Province 
to imminent danger. 

Fourthly, Because the persons who are most active on 
this occasion, are chiefly those whose property lies in or 
near Savannah, and, therefore, ^mt-not immediately ex- 



2S 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



posed to the bad effects of an Indian war; whereas, the 
back settlements of this Province, and our parish in par- 
ticular, would most certainly be laid waste and depopu- 
lated, unless we receive such powerful aid and assistance 
as none but Great Britain can give. For these and many 
other reasons, we declare our dissent to all resolutions 
by which his Majesty's favour and protection might be 
forfeited. 



Signed, 

>- James Grierson, 
^William Goodgeon, 

Robert Bonner, 

John Anderscm, 

Edward Barnard, 

Andrew McLean, 

John D. Hammerer, 

John Dooly, 

James Hill, 

Barnard Heard, 

Amos Stapler, 

Charles Walker, 

John McDuffie, 

Giles Tillett, 
Y^James Seymour, 

Thomas Pace, 

Richard Basley, 

Samuel Tullett, 

Wm. Redman, 

Joel Cloud, 
< Wm. Miller, 

Zechariah Lamar, Senr., 

Jacob Dennis, 



Littleberry Bosticke, 
Basil Lamar, 
James Few, 
Benjamin Webster, 
Robert Honey, 
Job Smith, 
Wm. Barnard, 
Wm. Mangum, 
John Chapman, 
Patrick Jarvis, 
Joseph Maddock, 
Jonathan Sell, 
Robert Mackay, 
Wm. Candler, 
Devereaux Jarratt 
Sherwood Bugg, 
Isaac Low, 
Peter Parris, 
John Henderson, 
^ Thomas Grierson, 
y John McDonald, 
Francis Hancock. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 



27 



(Reprint from White's Historical Collections.) 
Town of Wrightsborough. (Now McDuffie County.) 

We, the inhabitants of the town of Wrightsborough 
and places adjacent, understanding that fourteen persons 
liave drawn up several resolutions respecting the disputes 
between Great Britain and the town of Boston, concern- 
ing the destroying of a quantity of tea, the property of the 
East India Company, and have published them as the 
act of the Province, and which we look upon as a great 
imposition, having no knowledge of them 'till after they 
were passed : therefore we do, in this public manner^ 
deny passing any concerning them, and disapprove of 
them altogether, such proceedings as a few acting for 
the whole without their knowledge, we apprehend being 
contrary to the rights and privileges of every British 
subject. 



John Oliver, J. P., 
John Stubbs, 
Isaac Vernon, 
Jasias Pewgatc, 
John Jones, 

Thomas Watson, Scnr., 
David Baldwin, 
Henry Ashfield, 
Samuel Hart, 
Alexander Ottery, 
Jesse Margan, 
Ellis Haines, 
Aaron McCarter, 
StejAen Bigshop, 
Abram Louders, 
James Oliver, 
John Greason, 
William Daniel, 



Silas Pace, 
Gereiom Wooddell, 
Absalom Beddell, 
William Foster, 
John Clower, 
Abraham Parker, 
James Jenkins, 
Oliver Matthews, 
Edward Greene, 
Joseph Jackson, * 
Joel Phillips, 
Matthew Hobbs, 
Joseph Haddock, J. P.; 
Thomas Ansly, 
John Lindsay, 
Abram Dennis, 
Richard Webb, 
Benjamin Ansly, 



28 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



John Watson, 
Robert Day, 
Drury Rogers, 
James Anglin 
Jacob Watson, 
Robert Cowin, 
Lewis Powell, 
Jacob Collins, 
William Childre, 
Robert Harper, 
Jacob Dennis, 
Nicholas White, 
John Moor, 
Joshua Sanders, 
Robert Jenkins, 
Robert Nelson, 
Hillery Grey, 
James Bishop, 
John Fairchild, 
John James, 
Zackariah Phillips,. 
Edward Hill, 
John Hill, 
Joshua Hill, 
John Davis, 
Isaac Greene, 
Samuel Sinquefield, 
William Sinquefield, 
Reuben Sherill, 
Morris Callingham, 
Joel Cloud, 
John Stewart, Jun., 
John Lang, 
James Ryan, 
Henry Walker, 
Peter Perkins, 



Thomas Gilliland, 
Uriah Odom, 
Richard Hokitt, 
Edward Hagcn, 
Joseph Kallensworth, 
Abram Hilton, 
William Michell, 
John Evans, 
John Evans, Jun., 
Peter Williams, 
John Stewart, 
Jonathan Sell, 
William Welden, 
John Thompson, 
Joseph Millen, 
William Penton, 
Alexander Oliver, 
Ambrose Holiday, 
Abraham Johnston, 
Nathaniel Jackson, 
George Waggoner, 
Robert Walton, 
Walter Drummond, 
Charles Dunn, 
Ezekiel Millar, 
Jolin West, 
John Hodg^n, 
Peter Cox, 
Joseph Brown, 
Henry Jones, 
John Dennis, 
Francis Jones, 
Peter Weathers, 
•Timothy Jourdan, 
Watkin Richards, 
Abraham Davis, 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 29 

Gabriel Davis, Jacob Davis, 

John Davis, Jonathan Sell, J. P. ; 

Isaac Davis, Thomas Pace. 
John Pirks, 

(Reprint from White's Historical Collections.) 
Town of Augusta. 

We, the inhabitants of the town and district of Au- 
gusta, tliink it incumbent upon us, in tliis public manner, 
to declare our dissent frono, and disapprobation of, cer- 
tain resolutions published in this gazette, of the 17th 
instant, entered into on Wednesday, the loth day of 
August, as it is there said, "At a general meeting of the 
inhabitants of this Province," though, we are credibly 
informed, that the §aid meeting, so far from being gen- 
eral, was not even niunerous, and that one of our repre- 
sentatives, whom we had provided with a protest, and 
our reasons at large, why we could not agree to any 
resolutions expressive of disaffection or direspect to our 
most Gracious King, or the Lords and Commons of 
Great Britain, thought it improper to deliver said pro- 
test to a few people met privately at a tavern, having also 
been told by some gentlemen coming from- the place of 
meeting, that they had been refused admittance. 

We entirely dissent from the aforesaid resolutions, be- 
cause we apprehend upon this occasion our silence would 
be construed into consent ; and a partial act of, and reso- 
lutions entered into by, some individuals, might be con- 
sidered as the general sense of the Province. 

We, therefore, in duty to our King and country, and 
ourselves, do hereby solemnly protest against any of the 
proceedings of the aforesaid meeting, and declare our 
entire dissent from the resolutions entered into at the 



30 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



same, as witness our hands at Augusta, this 30th day of 
August, 1774. 



Robert Mackay, 
Andrew Johnstone, 
Edward Barnard, 
"^ \Vm. Gdodgeon, 
■ • James Gordon, 
• James Grierson, 
Frances Begbcc, 
Thomas Graham, 
Francis Pringlc, 
Donald Cameron, 
John Francis, 
Daniel Waistcoat, 
George Barnard, 
Charles Walker, 
John Pratt, 
William Matthews, 
Robert Bonner, 
Benjamiii Webster, 



Martin Weatherford, 
Abraham Spear, 
John Lamar, 
John Francis Williams, 
Peter Parris, 
John Bacon, 
Sherwood Bugg, 
Wm. Johnston, 
Charles Clarke, 
Moody Butt, 
Samuel Clerk, 
John Howell, 
John Dooly, 
Thomas Grierson, • 
Robert Grierson, - 
Spencer Kelly, 
John Leslie. 



(Reprint from White's Historical Collections.) 

Parish of St. George. (Now Burke County.) 

We, the subscribers, inhabitants of the Parish of St. 
George, in the Province of Georgia, do hereby publicly 
declare that we entirely disagree to the paper containing 
certain resolutions which were drawn up in the city of 
Savannah, by some persons met there on the loth of 
August, 1774; because, although many of us gave our 
votes that Mr. Jones and Mr. Lord should go to the said 
meeting, yet it was because we were told that unless we 
did send some persons there, we would have the Stamp 
Act put in force. By these and such like arguments, we 
were prevailed upon to do what we did ; but as we find 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 



31 



we were deceived, and that the said meeting was in- 
tended to draw up a paper that we think reflects very im- 
properly upon our King and the Parliament, and may be 
of bad consequence to this Province, and can serve no 
good purpose, we therefore declare that we do not ap- 
prove of the said paper; and we give our dissait in this 
public mannei'. 



Signed, 

George Wells, 
Peter Shand, 
James Dayle, 
Shadrach Barrow, 
Daniel Thomas, 
Gideon Thomas, 
John Thomas, 
Robert Henderson, 
Francis Lewis Feyer, 
John Red, 
James Warren, 
James Williams, 
Samuel Red, 
Alexander Berryhill, 
Edmund Hill, 
Charles Williams, 
Thomas Pennington, 
John Refers, 
John Anderson, 
James Rae, 
Joseph Gresham, 
William Dayle, 
Joseph Tilly, 
Job Thomas, 
Drury Roberts, 
Joel Walker, 
James Red, 



William M. Norell, 
John Kennedy, 
Francis Stringer, 
P.iul McCormick, 
Humphrey Williams, 
John Greenway, 
Robert Blaishard, 
Hugh Jrwin, 
Thomas Carter, 
James Brantley, 
William Whethers, 
John Catlett, 
David Greene, 
John Pettycrew, 
William Callett, 
John Ratten, 
John Frier, 
James Davis, 
William Milner, 
Elijah Dix, 
Samuel Berryhill, 
Thomas Red, 
John Bledsoe, 
Starling Jordan, 
Patrick Dickey, 
Zechariah Wimberly, 
Stephen Lamb, 



32 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Benjamin Warren, 
Solomon Davis, 
John Gray, 
Francis Hancock, 
Pleasant Goodall, 
Wade Kitts, 
Daniel Logan, 
Myrick Davis, 
John Roberts, 
Robert Douglass, Sen., 
Jesse Scruggs, 
Henry Mills, 
Joseph Moore, 
Amos Whitehead, 
John Robinson, 
Ezekiel Brumiield, 
Jacob Sharpe, 
William Moore, 
William Godbe, 
Richard Curton, 
William Curton, 
Philip Helveston, 
Elias Daniel, 
Ephriam Odom, 
Benjamin Brantley, 
Thomas Grey, 
Jeremiah Brantley, 
Thomas Greene,. 
John Burnsides, 
John Forth, 



Nathan Williams, 
Edward Wattcrs, 
John Stephens, 
Frederick Francis, 
Moses Davis, 
Arthur Walker, 
Amos Davis, 
Jacob Lamb, 
Allen Brown, 
Joseph Allday, 
James Douglis, 
Landham Ashbury, 
Charles Golightly, 
John Howell, 
Bud Cade, 
James Moore, 
John Whitehead, 
John Sharpe, 
Thomas Odom, 
William Hobbs, 
Clement Yarborough, 
James Hunt, 
Barnaby Lamb, 
Seth Slockumb^ 
Lewis Hobbs, 
John Thomas, Sen., 
William Young, ' 
John Tillman, 
Caleb Whitehead, 
Robert Cade. 



(Reprint from White's Historical Collectiotts.) 

Parish of St. Matthew. (Now Effingham County.) 

We who have put our names to this paper, inhabitants 
of the Parish of St. Matthew, and Town of Ebenezer, 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 



33 



think it necessary, in this public manner, to declare, that 
about the 4th day of this instant, August, we were told 
by certain persons, that we must send a petition home to 
our King, in regard to the Bostonians, to beg for relief, 
as a child begs a father, when he expects correction, and 
that all those who would not join must sign their name, 
that they might know how many would be in this parish, 
and that should we decline what was recommended, we 
must expect the Stamp Act imposed upon us. By these 
and like flattering words, we were persuaded to sign, 
but we find we are deceived, for, that the people who 
met at Savannah, on the loth inst., did not petition our 
King, but made up a paper, which we think is very 
wrong, and may incur the displeasure of his Majesty, 
so as to prevent us from having soldiers to help us in 
case of an Indian war. We, therefore, disagree entirely 
to the said paper, and do hereby protest against any reso- 
lutions that are, or hereafter may be, entered into on this 
occasion. 

Signed by the following persons : — 



Urban Buntz, 
George Gnann, 
Jaher Hangletter, 
John Paulus, 
George Gruber, 
Matthew Beidenback, 
George Ballinger, 
John Oexlin Rentz, 
George Buntz, 
John Pillager, 
Henry Ludwig Bimtz, 
Jacob Metzger, 
John Metzger, 
^John Adam Fryermouth, 
John Feberl, 
George Zettauer, 

8 f r— Tol 1 



John Heckel, 
Solomon Zondt, 
Jacob Guann, 
Jacob Keiffer, 
Christian Steiner, 
John Remshart, - 
Israel Luinenberger, 
Leonhart Kraus, 
George Bechley, 
Batlas Keiffer, 
Michael Mack, Jr., 
Peter Fryermouth, 
Solomon Prothero, 
John Grasentine, 
Christopher Rattenbergcr 
Andrew Guann. 



34 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS, 

We, the subscribers, do hereby certify that we are 
against resolutions, this 2d of Sept., 1774. — 

PhiHp Dell, John Maurer, 

Paul Pinck, George Maurer, 

Mathew Meyer, Daniel Weitman, 

Jacob Meyer, Martin Reylandcr. 

These unfair and deceptive methods of the Governor 
and the friends of the king and his cabinet only served to 
make the friends of liberty more determined in their 
resistance to the arbitrary and unjust acts of the British 
government. In January, 1775, there was an election 
for members of the Commons House of Assembly. There 
were, in every parish and district, candidates favorable 
to the royal government opposed by candidates in favor 
of resisting the aggressions of the king and parliament. 

The result of the election, in an overwhelming majority 
of the parishes^ was favorable to the patriots, their candi- 
dates being elected by large majorities, and established 
the fact beyond controversy that the majority of the 
people of the province were favorable to resistance. The 
Governor, in his address to the House, deplored the spirit 
of rebellion which was so manifest in the province, and 
predicted that the agitation of the questions of difference 
between the people and the royal government would only 
make bad matters worse, and threatened them with the 
military power of the government if the agitation con- 
tinued. Among other things he said: "The alarming 
situation of American affairs at this juncture makes it 
highly necessary for me to say something to you on that 
subject : and it is with the utmost concern that I see, by 
every account, all the Colonies to the northward of us, 
as far as Nova Scotia, in a general ferment, and some of 
them in sujch a state as makes me. shudder when I think 
of the consequences which it is most probable will soon 
befall them. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 35 

"The unhappy disputes with the Mother Country are 
now become of the most serious nature, and I am much 
afraid the very extraordinary and violent measures adopt- 
ed and pursued will not only prevent a reconciliation, 
but may involve all America in the most dreadful calami- 
ties. 

"Gentlemen, I think myself very happy in having it in 
my power to say that this Province is hitherto clear, and 
I much hope by your prudent conduct it will remain so. 

"Be not led away by the voices and opinions of men's 
over-heated ideas. Consider coolly and sensibly of the 
terrible consequences which may attend adopting resolu- 
tions and measures expressly contrary to law, and hostile 
to the Mother Country, especially at so late a season, 
when we may almost daily expect to hear the determina- 
tion of Great Britain on the matters in dispute, and there- 
fore I conceive can answer no purpose but that of throw- 
ing the Province into confusion: and I tremble at the 
apprehension of what may be the resolution and declara- 
tion of the new Parliament relative to the conduct of the 
People in some parts of America. 

"You may be advocates for liberty : so am I, but in a 
constitutional and legal way. You, Gentlemen, are legts- 
latorsj and let me entreat you to take heed how you give 
a sanction to trample upon law and government, and be 
assured it is an indisputable truth that where there is no 
law there can he no liberty. It is the due coiu-se of law 
and support of Government which only can insure to you 
the enjoyment of your lives, your liberties, and your 
estates, and don't catch at the shadow and lose the sub- 
stance. 

"I exhort you not to suffer yourselves to be drawn into 
involving this Province in the distresses of those who 
may have offended. We are in a very different situation 



86 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

and on a very different footing from the other Colonies. 
Don't consider me as speaking to you merely as the 
King's Governor of this Province. As such, Gentle- 
men, it is certainly my duty to support his Majesty's 
just rights and authority and to preserve peace and good 
order within my Government, and to contribute as much 
as possible towards the prosperity and happiness of the 
Province and people. Believe me when I tell you I am 
at this time actuated by further motives than those only 
of discharging my duty as the King's Governor. I have 
lived amongst and presided over you upwards of fourteen 
years and have other feelings. I have a real and affec- 
tionate regard for the People, and it grieves me to think 
that a Province which I have been so long in, and which 
I have seen nurtured by the Crown at a vast expense to 
the Mother Country, and grow up from mere infancy, 
from next to nothing, to a considerable degree of ma- 
turity and opulence, should by the imprudence and rash- 
ness of some inconsiderate People be plunged into a 
state of distress and ruin. We have been most happy in 
(I hope) avoiding Scylla, and let me in the strongest 
terms conjiu'e you to steer clear of Charybdis." 

The House in its reply was respectful but firm. It 
depJored the unhappy conditions that prevailed, professed 
unabated loyalty to the Crown, and expressed the earnest 
hope and desire that the government might yet see the 
justness of the demands of the people of the American 
provinces and redress their wrongs. The essence of its 
reply is condensed in this paragraph : — 

"We cannot," said the representatives, "be less affected 
by and concerned for the present alarming situation of 
affairs between Great Britain and America than your 
Excellency. We must be equally insensible not to feel 
our niunerous grievances and not to wish them redressed. 
It is that alone which every good American contends for. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 37 

It is the enjoyment of our constitutional rights and 
liberties that softens every care of life and renders ex- 
istence itself supportable. At the same time, in all our 
proceedings we shall studiously avoid every measure that 
shall not appear to us at once strictly consonant with our 
duty to his Majesty and the interest, liberty, and welfare 
of our constituents." 

It will be borne in mind that this body was the royal 
legislature, a part of the King's government in Georgia. 

About the first of January, 1775, the people of Saint 
Andrew's Parish assembled at Darien in a mass meeting, 
or "congress'* as they called it, and adopted the following 
declaration as expressing their views and determinations 
at that crisis : — 

Declaration of the people of St. Andrew's Parish (Da- 
rien) in January, 1775. 

"Being persuaded that the salvation of the rights and 
liberties of America depend, under God, on the firm union 
of the inhabitants in its vigorous prosecution of the meas- 
ures necessary for its safety, and convinced of the neces- 
sity of preventing the anarchy and confusion which at- 
tend the dissolution of the powers of government, we, 
the freemen, freeholders, and inhabitants of the Province 
of Georgia, being greatly alarmed at the avowed design 
of the ministry to raise a revenue in America, and shock- 
ed by the bloody scene now acting in the Massachusetts 
Bay, do, in the most solemn manner, resolve never to 
become slaves; and do associate, under all the ties of 
religion, honor, and love of country, to adopt and en- 
deavor to carry into execution, whatever may be recom- 
mended by the Continental Congress, or resolved upon 
by our Provincial Convention that shall be appointed, for 
the purpose of preser\ang our Constitution, and opposing 



38 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



the execution of the several arbitrary and oppressive acts 
of the British Parliament, until a reconciliation between 
Great Britain and America, on constitutional principles, 
which we most ardently desire, can be obtained ; and that 
we will in all things follow the advice of our general 
committee, to be appointed, respecting the purposes afore- 
said, the preservation of peace and good order, and the 
safety of individuals and private property. 



(Signed) 

Lachn. Mcintosh, 
Geo. Threadcraft, 
^ Charles McDonald, 
John Mcintosh, 
Rayd. Demere, 
Jiles Moore, 
Samuel McCleland, 
Peter Sallens, Jun., 
James Clark, 
John Witherspoon, Jun., 
John Witherspoon, 
John Fulton, 
Samuel Fulton, 
Isaac Cuthbert, 
Isaac Hall, 
Jones Newsom, 



A. Daniel Cuthbert, 
John Hall, 

Jno. McCollugh, Sen., 
Jno. McCullugh, Jun., 
William McCullugh, 
Reu. Shuttleworth, 
John McCleland, 
Richard Cooper, 
Seth McCullugh, 
Thomas King, 
Paul Judton, 
John Roland, 
Pr. Suttleworth, 
Joseph Stobe, 
To. Bierry." 



A few days after this, to wit, on the 12th of January, 
1775, the "Darien Committee," chosen by the people, 
adopted the following terse and emphatic declaration : 

"In the Darien Committee, Thursday, January 12, 1775. 

When the most valuable privileges of a people are in- 
vaded, not only by open violence, but by every kind of 
fraud, sopistry, and cunning, it behooves every individual 
to be upon his g^ard, and every member of society, like 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 89 

beacons in a country surrounded by enemies, to give the 
alarm, not only when their liberties in general are at- 
tacked, but separately, least a precedent in one way aflfect 
the whole; and to enable the collective wisdom of such 
people to judge of its consequence, and how far their 
respective grievances concerns all, or should be opposed 
to preserve their necessary union — Every laudable at- 
tempt of this kind by the good people of this Colony, in 
a constitutional manner, hath been hitherto frustrated, 
by the influence and authority of men in office, and their 
numerous dependents, and in every other natural and 
just way, by the various arts they have put in practice. 
.We, therefore, the Representatives of the extensive Dis- 
trict of Darien, in the Colony of Georgia, being now as- 
sembled in Congress, by the authority and free choice 
of the inhabitants of the said District, now freed from 
their fetters, do Resolve, 

1st. That the unparalleled moderation, the decent, but 
firm and manly conduct of the loyal and brave people of 
Boston and Massachusetts Bay, to preserve their liberty, 
deserves not only the applause and thanks of all America, 
but also the immitation of all mankind. But, to avoid 
all repetitions, we acquiesce and join in all the Resolu- 
tions passed by the Grand American Congress in Phila- 
delphia last October. We thank them for their sage 
council and advice, and most heartily and cheerfully ac- 
cede to the Association entered into by them, as the wisest 
and most moderate measure that could be adopted in our 
present circiunstances to reconcile and firmly unite Great 
Britain and the Colonies, so indispensably necessary to 
each other, by the surest and best basis — mutual interest. 
But as the wisest Councils upon earth are liable to the 
errours of humanity, and not withstanding our reverence 
and partiality for that August Assembly, we beg leave 
to differ in opinion from them, in charging the unjust 
measures of the present and preceding Ministry, to a per- 



40 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

son qualified rather for a private than a publick station ; 
and as the resentment of his country men, on a former oc- 
casion, was raised by the illiberal and unjust abuse of 
them, indiscriminately, for the faults of that man, we 
humbly presume the renewing at this time, on so little 
foundation, at least impolitick; being confident that ev- 
ery Member of that late, wise, patriotick, and truly hon- 
ourable Congress, from a principle of candour and jus- 
tice, will rather commend than blame our honest and 
well meant freedom. 

2nd. That in shutting up the Land Offices, with the 
intention of raising our quit rents, and setting up our 
Lands at publick sale, representation of the contract has 
not been duly considered (and attended to) in all its con- 
sequences to this vast Continent : That it is a principal 
part of the unjust system of politicks adopted by the 
present Ministry, to subject and enslave us, and evidently 
proceed from. an ungenerous jealousy of the Colonies, 
to prevent as much as possible the population of America, 
and the relief of the poor and distressed in Britain and 
elsewhere, for whom a kind Providence has opened a new 
world from their merciless oppressor, when the old is. 
overrun with such Monsters! That monopolizing our 
Lands into few hands is forming and encouraging petty 
tyrants to lord it over us, or reside in another part of the 
world in extravagance, luxury and folly, by the fruit of 
our labour and industry — ^such oppressions neither we 
nor our fathers were able to bear, and it drove us to the 
wilderness : And that all encouragement should be given 
to the poor of every Nation by every generous Ameri- 
can. 

3rd. That Ministerial Mandates, under the name of 
Instructions, preventing the legal Representatives of the 
people to enact laws suiting their own respective situation 
and circumstances, are a grievance and more especially 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 41 

in this young Colony, where our internal police is not yet 
well settled; and as a proof of the intention of these 
restrictions, when time and opportunity offers, we point 
out particularly, amongst many others of like nature, the 
not suffering us to limit the term of our Assembly, or 
passing a quit-rent law, to ascertain and fix the most 
valuable part of our property. 

4th. That an over proportion of Officers, for the num- 
ber of inhabitants, and paying their salaries f romr Britain, 
so mudi cost up to us by the Court parasites, and for 
which we are so often charged with ingratitude, arc in 
truth real and great grievances, rendering them insolent, 
and regardless of their conduct, by being independent of 
the people who should support them according to their 
usefulness and behavior, and for whose benefit alone they 
were originally intended. That these exorbitant salaries, 
which enable them all to act by Deputies, whilst they 
wallow in luxury themselves, their combining to raise 
their exorbitant and illegal fees and perquisites, by vari- 
ous arts, upon the subject, to an alarming height, are 
more dangerous to our liberties than a regular Army; 
having the means of corruption so much in their power, 
the danger of which is imminently exemplified in the 
present unhappy state of our brethren and fellow subjects 
in Britain, and even in the late conduct of this Colony. 
To prevent therefore as much as in us lies these direful 
effects, we resolve never to choose any person to pub- 
lick office, his Deputy, Deputy's Deputy, or any expectant,^ 
to represent us in Assembly, or any other publick place, 
in our election, hoping the example will be followed 
throughout this Colony, and all America. 

5th. To show the world that we are not influenced by 
any contracted or interested motives, but a general phil- 
anthropy for all mankind, of whatever climate, language, 
or complexion, we hereby declare our disapprobation and 



42 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

abhorrence of the unnatural practice of Slavery in 
America, (however, the uncultivated state of our coun- 
try, or other specious argument may plead for it,) a 
practice founded in injustice and cruelty, and highly dan- 
gerous to our liberties, (as well as lives,) debasing part 
of our fellow creatures below men, and corrupting the 
virtue and morals of the rest, and is laying the basis of 
that liberty we contend for (and which we pray the 
Almighty to continue to the latest posterity) upon a very 
wrong foundation. We therefore resolve, at all times 
to use our utmost endeavours for the manumission of our 
Slaves in this Colony, for the most safe and equitable 
footing for the masters and themselves. 

6th. That we do hereby choose Messrs 

to represent us for this District, in the Provincial Con- 
gress at Savannah, the i8th instant, or at any other time 
and place appointed hereafter, for the space of one year 
from this day, and that a copy of these our Resolutions 
be given them as expressing the sense of this District of 
publick grievances, which will serve for their direction 
and instructions; and it is further our desire, that our 
said Deputies shall use their endeavours to send two dele- 
gates from this Colony to the General Continental Con- 
gress, to be held at Philadelphia next May." 

On the 1 8th of January, 1775, a Provincial Congress 
met at Savannah. On the same day the legislature was 
convened in the same town by Governor Wright with the 
hope of controlling, or at least toning down, by the pres- 
ence of the royal legislature, the action of the Provincial 
Congress. In the congress only five of the twelve parishes 
were represented ; in the House of Assembly every parish 
was represented. 

Less than half of the parishes being represented, the 
Congress felt that it could not assume to speak for the 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 43 

entire province. The members therefore contented them- 
selves with electing Noble Wimberly Jones, Archibald 
Bulloch and John Houstoun to represent the province in 
the Continental Congress, and urging the Commons 
House of Assembly to adopt a series of resolutions pre- 
pared and adopted by themselves, which were very similar 
to, but not identical with, those adopted by the provinces 
already in the confederation. While the House of As- 
sembly was patiently considering the appeal of the Prov- 
incial Congress, and doubtless would have adopted its 
suggestions and put Georgia practically in line with the 
other provinces. Governor Wright, to prevent such ac- 
tion, adjourned the legislature till the 9th of May, 
but when that time arrived, no quorum of the House ap- 
pearing, he adjourned it to the 7th of November. When 
that time arrived the province was under the complete 
control of the revolutionists, no quorum for the transac- 
tion of public business could be secured, and the Gov- 
ernor realized that further effort at legislation was use- 
less, and royal Government in Georgia, was, at least for 
a time, at an end. 

The following are the resolutions adopted and signed 
by the members of the Provincial Congress, which they 
urged the Commons House of Assembly to also adopt : — 

(From White's Historical Collections,) 

Association entered into by forty-five of the Deputies as- 
sembled in Provincial Congress, at Savannah, in Geor- 
gia, on the i8th of Jantuiry, 1775, and by them sub- 
scribed on the 2^rd, Ziehen they chose NOBLE WIM- 
BERLY JONES, ARCHIBALD BULLOCH, and 
JOHN HOUSTOUN, Esquires, Delegates to represent 
that Colony in the Continental Congress, to be held in 
May next. 

Whereas, a non-importation, non-consumption, and 



44 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

non-exportation agreement, faithfully adhered to, will 
probably prove the most speedy, effectual, and peaceable 
measure to obtain redress of American grievances, we do 
therefore, for ourselves and our constituents, firmly agree 
and associate under the sacred ties of virtue, honour, and 
love of our country, as follows : 

First, — That we will not receive into this Province any 
goods, wares, or merchandise that shall be shipped from 
Great Britain or Ireland after the 15th day of March 
next, or from any other place any such goods, wares or 
merchandise as shall be shipped from these kingdoms 
after that time, except such as come under the rules and 
directions of the Ninth Article herein mentioned; and 
except such goods, wares or n^erchandise as are abso- 
lutely necessary for carrying on the Indian trade, subject, 
nevertheless, to the control of the Continental Congress 
intended to be held at Philadelphia on the loth day of 
May next. Nor will we, from this day, import or pur- 
chase any tea from any port in the world, or import any 
molasses, syrup, coffee, or pimento, from the British 
Plantations, or from Dominica; nor wines from Madeira 
or the Western Islands, nor foreign indigo. 

Second, — ^That we will neither import nor purchase 
any slaves imported from Africa or elsewhere, after the 
iSth day of March next. 

Third. — That we will not export any merchandise or 
commodity whatsoever to Great Britain or Ireland, or to 
the West Indies, after the first day of December next, 
except rice to Europe. 

Fourth. — Such as are merchants, and use the British 
and Irish trade, will give orders, as soon as possible, to 
their factors, agents, and correspondents in Great Britain 
or Ireland, not to ship any goods to them on any pre- 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 46 

tence whatsoever, as they cannot be received in Georgia ; 
and if any merchant residing in Great Britain or Ireland 
shall, directly: or indirectly, ship any goods, wares, or 
merchandise for this Province, in order to break such non- 
importation agreement, or any manner contravene the 
same, on such unworthy conduct being well attested, it 
ought to be made public; and on the same being so done, 
we will not from thenceforth have any commercial con- 
nection with such merchant. 

Fifth, — ^That such as are owners of vessels, will give 
positive orders to their captains or masters, not to receive 
on board their vessels any goods prohibited by the said 
non-importation agreement, on pain of immediate dis- 
mission from their service. 

Sixth, — ^We will use our utmost endeavours to improve 
the breed of sheep, and increase their number to the 
greatest extent, and, to that end, will kill them as spar- 
ingly as may be, especially those of a most profitable kind ; 
nor will we export any to the West Indies, or elsewhere; 
and those of us who are, or may become, overstocked 
with, or can conveniently spare any sheep, will dispose 
of them to our neighbours, especially to the poorer sort, 
on moderate terms. 

Seventh. — That we will, in our several stations, en- 
courage frugality, economy, and industry, and promote 
agriculture, arts^ and the manufactures of America, 
especially those of wool; and will discountenance and 
discourage every species of extravagance and dissipation, 
especially horse-racing, and all kinds of gaming, cock- 
fighting, exhibition of shows, plays, and other expensive 
diversions and entertainments ; and on the death of any 
relation or friend, none of us or our families will go into 
any further mourning dress than a black crape or ribbon 
on the arm or hat, for gentlemen, and a black ribbon and 



46 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

necklace, for ladies; and we will discontinue the giving 
of scarfs and gloves at funerals. 

Eighth. — That such are are venders of goods and mer- 
chandise, will not take advantage of the scarcity of goods 
that may be occasioned by this Association, but will sell 
the same at the rates they have been accustomed to do 
for twelve months last past; and if any vender of goods 
or merchandise shall sell any goods on higher terms, or 
shall in any manner, or by any devise whatsoever, violate 
or depart from this agreement, no person ought, nor will 
any of us, deal with any such person, or his or her factor 
or agent, at any time thereafter, for any commodity 
whatsoever. 

Ninth. — In case any merchant, trader, or other person, 
shall receive any goods or merchandise which shall be 
shipped after the 15th day of March, and before the 15th 
day of May next, the same ought forthwith, at the elec- 
tion of the owner, to be either re-shiK>ed or delivered to 
the Committee of the town, parish, or district wherein 
they shall be imported, to be stored, at the risk of the 
importer, until the non-importation agreement shall cease, 
or be sold, under the direction of the Committee afore- 
said ; and in the last-mentioned case, the owner or owners 
of such goods shall be reimbursed, out of the sales, the 
first costs and charges, the profit, if any, to be applied 
towards relieving such poor inhabitants of the town of 
Boston as are immediate sufferers by the Port Bill ; and 
a particular account of all goods so returned, stored, or 
sold, to be inserted in the public papers; and if any goods 
or merchandise shall be shipped after the said 15th day 
of May next, the same ought forthwith to be sent back 
again, without breaking any of the packages thereof. 

Tenth. — ^That a Committee be chosen in every parish, 
town, and district, by those who contribute towards the 




MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 47 

general tax, whose business it shall be attentively to ob- 
serve the conduct of all persons touching this Associa- 
tion; and when it shall be made to appear to the satis- 
faction of the majority of any such Committee, that any 
person within the limits of their appointment has violated 
this Association, that such majority do forthwith cause 
the truth of the case to be published in the Gazette; to 
the end that all such foes to the rights of British America 
be publickly known and universally condemned, as the 
enemies of American liberty; and thenceforth we will 
respectively break off all dealings with him or her. 

Eleventh. — ^That the Committee of Correspondence do 
frequently inspect the entries of the custom-house, and 
inform the Committees of the other Provinces, from time 
to time, of the true state thereof, and of every other ma- 
terial circumstance that may occur relative to this Asso- 
ciation. 

Twelfth. — ^That all manufactures of this Province be 
sold at reasonable prices, so that no undue advantages 
be taken of a future scarcity of goods. 

And we do solemnly bind ourselves and our con- 
stituents, under the ties aforesaid, to adhere to this As- 
sociation until American grievances are redressed. 

The forgoing Association being determined upon by 
Congress, was ordered to be subscribed by the several 
members thereof, and thereupon we have hereunto set 
our respective names accordingly. 

In Congress, Savannah, Georgia, 
January 23, 1775. 

rjohn Glen, Chairman, Ambrose Wright, 

Noble W. Jones, Peter Tondee, 

^.Samuel Farley, Thomas Lee, 



48 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



/William Young, 
Philip Box, 
William Evans, 
G«orge Walton, 
John Stirlc, 
Isaac Young, 
Robert Rae, 
Robert Hamilton, 
Edmund Bugg, 
Samuel Germany, 
John Wereat, 
^Jonathan Cochran, 
George Mcintosh, 
Raymond Demere, 
William Jones, 
James Cochran, 
Joseph Gibbons, 
John McClure, 
Archibald Bulloch, 
John Houstoun, 



Joseph Habersham, 
D. Zubly, Jr., 
James De Veaux, 
Joseph Clay, 
Francis H. Harris, 
Samuel Elbert, 
Henry Jones, 
George Houstoun, 
Edward Telfair, 
William Gibbons, 
Peter Bard, 
William Glascock, 
John Germany, 
L. Marbury, 
Hugh Middleton, 
William Lord, 
John Mann, 
David Lewis, 
George Wyche. 



While the Commons House of Assembly, mindful of 
the peculiarly exposed situation of Georgia, was prud- 
ently and carefully considering the resolutions adopted 
by the Provincial Congress and urged by that body upon 
it for its adoption. Governor Wright, to prevent favor- 
able action, precipitately adjourned the Assembly, but 
before he did so the House had adopted the following 
bold and unequivocal declarations: — 

(From Whitens Historical Collections.) 

House of Assembi^y, Geo.^ January, 1775. 

The House, taking under consideration that the Par- 
liament of Great Britain claims a power of right to bind 
the people of America by statute, in all cases whatsoever, 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 49 

and who have in some acts expressly imposed taxes on 
the Americans, imder various pretences, but in fact for 
the purpose of raising a revenue; hath established a 
Board of Commissioners with unconstitutional powers, 
and extended the jurisdiction of the Courts of Admir- 
alty, not only for collecting the duties imposed by the 
said acts, but for the trial of causes merely rising within 
the body of a county. And whereas standing armies have 
been, and now are, kept in America in time of profound 
peace; and being resolved in Parliament, that, by force 
of a statute made in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, colonists may be transported to Eng- 
land and tried there upon accusations for treason, mis- 
prisons, or concealments of treasons committed in the 
colonies; and, by a late statute, such trials have been 
directed in cases therein mentioned. And whereas, also, 
assemblies have been frequently dissolved, contrary to 
the rights of the people, when they attempted to deliberate 
on the grievances : Therefore, this House doth, as Eng- 
lishmen, their ancestors, in like cases have usually done, 
for assisting and vindicating their Rights and Liberties — 
Declare : — 

First. — That the inhabitants of the English Colonies 
of North America, by the immutable laws of nature, the 
principles of the English Constitution, and the several 
charters or compacts, have the following Rights : 

Secofvdly. — That they are entitled to life, liberty and 
property, and they have never ceded to any sovereign 
power whatever a right to dispose of either, without their 
consent. 

Thirdly. — That our ancestors, that first settled these 
colonies, were, at the time of their emigration from the 
mother country, entitled to all the rights, liberties, and 

4rr-T0ll 



50 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

immunities of free and natural-bom subjects within the 
realm of England. 

Fourthly. — That by such emigration they by no means 
forfeited, surrendered, or lost any of these rights, but 
that they were, and their descendants now are, entitled 
to the exercise and enjoyment of all such of them as their 
local and other circumstances enable them to exercise 
and enjoy. 

Fifthly, — That the foundation of English liberty, and 
of all free government, is a right in the people to par- 
ticipate in the legislative council; and as the English 
colonists are not represented, and from their local and 
other circumstances cannot properly be represented in 
the British Parliament, they are entitled to a free and 
exclusive power of legislation, in their several provincial 
legislatures, where their right of representation can alone 
be preserved in all cases of taxation and internal policy, 
subject only to the negative of their sovereigns, in such 
a manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed ; 
but from the necessity of the case, and a regard to the 
mutual interest of both countries, we cheerfully consent 
to the operation of such acts of the British Parliament as 
are bona fide restrained to the regulation of our external 
commerce, for the purpose of securing the commercial 
advantages of the whole Empire to the mother country 
and the commercial benefits of its respective members, 
excluding every idea of taxation, internal or external, 
for raising a revenue on the subjects in America without 
their consent. 

Sixthly, — That the respective colonies are entitled to 
the common law of England, and more especially to the 
great and inestimable privilege of being tried by their 
peers of the vicinage, according to the course of that 
law. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 51 

Seventhly, — That they are entitled to the benefit of 
such of the English statutes as existed at the time of their 
colonization, and which they have by experience respec- 
tively found to be applicable to their several local and 
other circumstances. 

Eighthly, — That his Majesty's colonies are likewise 
entitled to all the immunities and privileges granted and 
confirmed to them by royal charters, or secured by their 
several codes of provincial laws. 

Ninthly, — That they have a right peaceably to as- 
semble and consider of their grievances, and petition the 
King, and that all the prosecutions, prohibitory proclama- 
tions, and commitments for the same", are illegal. 

Tenthly, — ^That the keeping a standing army in these 
colonies in time of peace, without the consent of the leg- 
islature of that colony in which such army is kept, is 
against law. 

Eleventhly, — And as it is indispensably necessary to 
good government, and rendered essential by the English 
Constitution, that the constituent branches of the legis- 
lature be independent of each other—- 

Resolved, That the exercise of legislative power in any 
colony, by a council appointed during pleasure by the 
Crown, may prove dangerous and destructive to the free- 
dom of American legislation. 

All and each of which the Commons of Georgia, in 
General Assembly met, do claim, demand, and insist on 
as their indubitable rights and liberties, which cannot 
be legally taken from them, altered, or abridged, by any 
power whatsoever, without their consent. 

And, whereas, there are many infringements and viola- 



52 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

tions of the foregoing rights, which, from an ardent 
desire that harmony and mutual intercourse of affection 
and interest may be restored, we pass over for the present, 
and proceed to state such acts and measures as have been 
adopted since the close of the said war, which demon- 
strates a system formed to enslave America, 

Resolved, That the following acts of Parliament are 
infringements and violations of the rights of the colonists, 
and that the repeal of them is essentially necessary, in 
order to restore harmony between Great Britain and the 
American Colonies — viz. : The several acts of 4 George 
the Third, chapter 15 and chapter 34; 5 George the 
Third, chapter 25; 6 George the third, chapter 52; 7 
George the Third, chapter 41 and chapter 46; 8 George 
the Third, chapter 22, which imposes duties for the pur- 
pose of raising revenue in America — extend the powers 
of the admiralty courts beyond their ancient limits — de- 
prive the American subjects of trial by jury — ^authorize 
the judge's certificate to indemnify the prosecutor of 
damages that he may otherwise be liable to — requiring 
oppressive security from a claimant of ships and goods, 
seized before he shall be allowed to defend his property — 
and are subversive of American rights. 

Also, 12 George the Third, chapter 24, entitled "An 
Act for the better securing his Majesty's Dock-yards, 
Magazines, Ships, Ammunition, and Stores," which de- 
clares a new offence in America, and deprives the Ameri- 
can subjects of a constitutional trial by jury of the 
vicinage, by authorizing the trial of any person charged 
with committing any offense described in the said act out 
of the realm, to be indicted and tried for the same in any 
shire or county within the realm. 

Also, the three acts passed in the last session of Par- 
liament, for the stopping the port and blocking up the 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 53 

harbour of Boston ; for altering the charter and govern- 
ment of Massachusetts Bay, and that which is entitled 
"An Act for the better administration of justice," &c. 

Also, the act passed in the same session, for establish- 
ing the Roman Catholic Religion in the Province of 
Quebec, abolishing the equitable system of English laws, 
and erecting a tyranny there, to the great danger from so 
total a dissimilarity of religion, law and government to 
the neighbouring British Colonies, by the assistance of 
whose blood and treasure the said country was conquered 
from France. 

Also, the act passed in the same session, for the better 
providing suitable quarters for officers and soldiers in 
his Majesty's service in North America. 

Also, that the keeping a standing army in several of 
these colonies, in time of peace, without the consent of 
the legislature of that colony in which said army is kept, 
is against law. 

Resolved^ That the thanks of this House be given to 
the members of the late Continental Congress, for their 
wise and able exertions in the cause of Amerkan Liberty, 

Resolved, That be Deputies to represent 

this Province in the intended American Continental Con- 
gress proposed to be held in the City of Philadelphia on 
the loth of May next, or any other place or time as may 
hereafter be agreed on by the said Congress. 

Ordered^ That Mr. Speaker do transmit a copy of the 
^above resolves to the Honourable Peyton Randolph, Esq., 
President of the said Congress. 

After this severe arraignment of the British govern- 
ment for the unconstitutional and arbitrary acts of its 



54 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

parliament and ministers, the House of Assembly, appre- 
hensive of the danger that might follow precipitate action 
in joining the confederacy of colonies, hesitated to take 
the final step, and was adjourned by Governor Wright 
before it took it. This prudent and conservative course 
met the approval of the people of all the parishes except 
Saint John. The people of this parish, mostly New 
Englanders or of New England origin, sympathizing 
with their kindred and friends in Boston and Massachu- 
setts, were greatly displeased at the non-action of the 
Commons House of Assembly and first endeavored to 
get into the confederation and secure its recognition by 
seceding from Georgia and joining South Carolina. On 
the day on which the Provincial Congress met, January 
1 8th, the delegates from the parish of Saint John met 
in caucus and from the Journal of their proceedings the 
following extracts are made : — 

(Reprint from Force's Archives,) 

Wednesday, January i8, 1775. 

The Committee* met and Doctor Lyman Hall took the 
Chair. 

The following Message was sent to the Committee 
of the several parishes in Congress sitting 

"Gentlemen: The Committee of the Parish of S^. 
John, present the Committees of the other Parishes with 

•The word "Committee " as employed here and elsewhere in the proceedings 
of parish and town meeting's means the delegation, the whole body of delegates, 
elected by the people of the town, district or parish to represent them in the 
Provincial Congress. 

It will be observed that the delegates from Saint John did not take their 
seats in this Provincial Congress at all, but organized themselves into a separate 
body an4 attempted to coerce the delegates from the other parishes and dictate 
to them. Failing in this, they went home and attempted to withdraw from 
Georgia and join South Carolina, whose committee denounced Georgia as " that 
infamous colony," and thus the doctrine of secession was born of the New Eng- 
land inhabitants of Saint John's Parish in Georgia before the government of the 
United States was formed. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 66 

a copy of the Letter received by them from the late Con- 
tinental Congress, and, agreeably to the advice therein 
contained, the inhabitants of the Parish of St. John have 
acceded to the General Association entered into and 
recommended by the said Continental Congress. They 
hope you will adopt the same measures." 

Having received from the congress no reply to this 
communication, the delegates from St. John, on Friday 
the 20th of January, sent this additional message to the 
congress in which sat the delegates from the other 
parishes. 

"Gentlemen: On the first day of your meeting we 
presented you with a Message, acquainting you that the 
inhabitants of the Parish of St. John had acceded to the 
General Association entered into, and particularly recom- 
mended to them by the late Continental Congress. We 
have patiently waited your answer, and wish to impute 
your silence rather to inattention than design. We now 
assure you, that if you think proper to enter fully into 
the measures of the late Continental Congress, we will 
heartily join you in every thing that may tend to enforce 
them." 

The Committee of the several Parishes met in Con- 
gress, sent the following answer thereto : 

"Gentlemen In answ^er to your Message of this morn- 
ing, we beg leave to inform you of three determinations, 
from which, this Congress, we hope, will never recede. 

First. That we shall be glad to have the Province 
upon this occasion, as fully represented as possible; and 
will therefore cheerfully receive the Delegates of St. 
John's Parish, as a part of us. 

Secondly. That we apprehend every Delegate here. 



56 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

is accountable to his Constituents and his own conscience, 
for the opinion he gives at this time; and therefore, 
ought not to let any other man, or set of men, ji|dge for 
him. 

Thirdly. That we trust no Member amongst us has 
any other object in view than the publick good. 

Saturday, January 21st, 1775. 

The Committee for St. John met, and came to the fol- 
lowing resolutions : 

Resolved^ That the Committees of the several Parishes 
in Congress now sitting, are not, or cannot be, called a 
Provincial Congress; as, the greater number of the 
Parishes in this Province, are not represented therein. 
They therefore are not boimd by the proceedings of 
the said Committees, although they may arrogate to 
themselves such a power. 

Resolved, That as the Committees of the several 
Parishes in Congress now sitting, have not fully ap- 
proved of, and adopted the measures entered into, and 
recommended by the late Continental Congress; this 
Committee cannot join them, without violating the gen- 
eral association, which they have already acceded to; 
and betraying the trust reposed in them, by their con- 
stituents. 

And then, the Committee adjourned sine die. 

The above Extracts, taken from the original Minutes 
by 

Joseph Wood, Secretar}-." 

Because of the non-action of the Georgia Provincial 
Congress on the demand of St.. John that it at once enter 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 57 

into the confederation of the other provinces, both t|;ie 
Parish of St. John and the province of South CaroHna 
became very indigpnant, and on the 8th of February, 1775, 
the "General Committee'' of Soutli Carolina adopted and 
published the following: 

(Reprint from Force's Archives.) 

In General Committee. 

Charlestown, South Carolina, February 8, 1775. 

Inasmuch as the Colony of Georgia hath not acceded 
to the Continental Association entered into by the Gen- 
eral Congress at Philadelphia, on the 20th of Ocfober 
last; therefore, and in conformity to the Resolutions of 
the said General Congress, 

Resolved, That we will, from henceforth, have no 
Trade, Commerce, Dealings, or Intercourse, with the said 
Colony of Georgia; but will hold them as unworthy of 
the rights of freemen, and as inimical to the liberties of 
their country : provided that this Resolution shall not be 
construed to extend to the inhabitants of this Colony now 
having Plantations in Georgia, so as to prevent them 
from bringing their Crops into this Colony; or to such 
persons resident in this Colony as now have debts due 
to them in Georgia, so as to prevent them from receiving 
payment of such debts there, in money, or in the com- 
modities of that Colony, they having such commodities 
shipped from thence to Europe. 

Ordered, That copies of the above resolution be trans- 
mitted to all the Northern Colonies. 



68 . REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

February i6, 1775. 

Resolved, That the persons residing in this Colony, 
who hold Hantations in Georgia, may, under the inspec- 
tion of the Committee of Observation, send necessaries 
from hence for the use of those Plantations, without the 
same being deemed a violation of the Resolution of this 
Committee, of the 8th instant, respecting the Colony of 
Georgia. 

Failing to coerce the delegates from the other parishes 
represented in the Provincial Congress into precipitate 
action, and encouraged by the proceedings of the General 
Committee at Charleston, St. John attempted to secede 
practically from Georgia and join South Carolina and 
thus get into the confederation of provinces and protect 
her trade. Her mode of procedure in this effort and its 
result will appear in the following extracts: — 

St. John's Parish, Georgia. 

On Thursday evening the 23d February, 1775, Joseph 
Wood, Esq., Mr. Daniel Roberts, and Mr. Samuel Stev- 
ens, three members of the Committee for the Parish of 
St. John, in Georgia, arrived in Charlestown, South Caro- 
lina, deputed to wait on the General Committee there, 
with the following Letter and account of the Proceed- 
ings of the patriotick Inhabitants of the said Parish, in 
the present critical situation of American affairs, viz : 

At a Meeting in the Parish of St. John and Province 
of Georgia, on the 9th of February, 1775: 

Letter from this Committee to the Committee of Cor- 
respondence in Charlestown, South Carolina, was agreed 
on and written. 

It was then moved and agreed that some person or 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 69 

persons of this Committee do wait on the Committee in 
Charlestown with the said Letter. 

Accordingly, Messrs. Daniel Roberts and Samuel 
Stevens, and Joseph Wood, Esquire, were appointed and 
authorized to present the same, and transact such matters 
relative thereto as shall seem prudent and necessary. 

Taken from the Minutes by order of the Chairman, and 
certified by, 

Benjamin Baker^ Clerk. 

The Committee from St. John's to the Charleston 
Committee. 

Gentlemen: We, the Committee of the Parish of St. 
John, take the earliest opportunity to lay before you the 
several steps taken by this Parish, to conform, as near 
as possible, to the Resolutions entered into by the other 
Provinces, and the measures now adopted for carrying 
into execution the Continental Association. As it was 
particularly recommended to us, we readily embraced 
those measures,* by subscribing an Agreement to accede 
to the General Association, on condition "that Trade and 
Commerce might be continued to us with the other Prov- 
inces," and we should immediately have sent it to you 
for your approbation, but were delayed by a summons 
to attend a Provincial Congress at Savannah, the i8th 
of January last, for the purpose, as we understood, of a 
General Association with the other Provinces, and for 
choosing Delegates to attend at the next Continental Con- 
gress, to be held at Philadelphia, in May next. We met 
at that time and place, and acquainted the Committees 
of the other Parishes then assembled, that the inhabi- 
tants of this Parish had acceded to the General Associa- 



*On the first of December last. 



60 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

tion on the above jiientioned conditions, and earnestly 
recommended the same to them. They did enter into an 
Association, (a copy of which we transmit to you) but 
so different in our opinions from the Continental Associa- 
tion, that it appears to be a contravention of it, and ex- 
poses them to the censure of the fourteenth clause of the 
General Association. 

First. They have extended the time limited for Ex- 
portations, beyond what is allowed by the Continental 
Congress, and thereby indulged a liberty of Exportations, 
to the prejudice of the other Provinces. 

Secondly. For that, in their limited time of Impor- 
tations, they have, contrary to the Continental Associa- 
tion, extended it in general to the 15th of March next, 
for Goods to b,e shipped in England, and for the Indian 
trade to a still greater latitude, under the cloak of which 
we have reason to believe may be introduced a large im- 
portation, equally adapted to the Whites as to the In- 
dians; and, on the whole, such as w^e could not, con- 
sistent with our own Association, possibly join in. 

Had they acceded fully to the General Association, 
even at so late a time as our Provincial Congress, we 
should have had no occasion to trouble you with this 
address: but, as they did not, we now apply to you to 
admit us, the subscribers of this Parish, to an alliance 
with you, requesting that you will allow trade and com- 
merce to be continued to us, exclusive (if you think 
proper) of this Province in general ; the same to be con- 
tinued and conducted under such regulations and restric- 
tions as shall be consistent with the Continental Associa- 
tion, and which, on our parts, we engage with all possible 
care to keep inviolate. 

Our being a Parish of a non-associated Province, can- 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 61 

not, we presume, prevent our joining the other Provinces, 
as the restriction mentioned in the fourteenth clause of 
the General Association, must, as we apprehend, be con- 
sidered as a general rule only, and respects this Province, 
considered in a mixed or promiscuous sense; but, as we 
of this Parish are a body detached from the rest, by our 
Resolutions and Associations,* and sufficiently distinct 
by local situation, large enough for particular notice, and 
have been treated as such by a particular Address from 
the late Continental Congress ; adjoining a sea-port, and 
in that respect capable of conforming to the General As- 
sociation, (if connected with you,) with the same fidelity 
as a distant Parish of your own Province, therefore we 
must be considered as comprehended within the spirit and 
equitable meaning of the Continental Association; and 
we are assured you will not condemn the innocent with 
the guilty, especially when a due separation is made be- 
tween them. We now wait your answer, and shall be 
glad of your advice. 

Signed by order of the Committee, 

Lyman Hali.^ Chairman. 

Midway, February 9, 1775. 

To the Committee of Correspondence in Charlestown, 
South Carolina. 

(Reply of the Committee of Correspondence in Char- 
lestown, S. C, to the Committee from St. John's Parish.) 

February 24, 1775. 

A Letter and sundry other Papers, from the Parish 
of St. John's, in Georgia, (as above) was read, and ma- 

*The nvmber that subscribed the said Asaodation amount to one hundred 
and leventy-five rabatantlal inhabitants. 



62 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

turely considered. But the Committee being determined, 
in all cases, to adhere literally, as far as possible, to every 
Article of the Continental Association, could do no more 
in the present, than enter into the following Resolution, 
viz: 

Resolved, That the Chairman be desired to write a 
proper Letter to the Committee of the Parish of St. John, 
in Georgia, assuring them of the high sense we have of 
their arduous struggles in favour of the common cause 
of America, and that we sincerely lament their present 
unhappy situation ; but that, as the said Parish, being a 
part of the Colony of Georgia, in our opinion, falls under 
the fourteenth Article of the General Association, so we 
apprehend that it is not in our power to give them the 
relief they desire ; and we can only recommend that they 
will persevere in their laudable exertions, and lay a state 
of their case before the ensuing Continental Congress, 
making no doubt that it will by them be properly con- 
sidered. 

Ordered^ That the Secretary do furnish the Deputies 
from St. John's with copies of all the Proceedings of this 
Committee, relative to the Colony of Georgia. 

Dr. Hall and his followers in St. John having failed to 
get their parish into the confederation either through the 
Georgia Provincial Congress or through the General 
Committee at Charleston, acting on the suggestion of 
the South Carolina Committee, convened a parish "con- 
gress,*' or mass meeting, and having already adopted the 
articles of confederation, elected Dr. Hall as the represen- 
tative of the parish of St. John in the Continental Con- 
gress, whither he repaired and was admitted to a seat 
with power to debate, but not to vote, on questions on 
which the vote was taken by states or provinces. When 
Georgia finally adopted the articles of confederation and 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 63 

elected delegates to the Continental Congress, Dr. Hall 
was elected as one of her delegates and voted for and 
signed the Declaration of Independence. 

Messrs. Jones, Bulloch and Houstoun, elected to repre- 
sent Georgia in the Continental Congress by a Provincial 
Congress in which less than half of the parishes w^ere 
represented, did not go to Philadelphia, but instead sent 
the following letter to the President of the Continental 
Congress : — 

Savannah, Georgia, April, 6, 1775. 

Sir : The unworthy part which the Province of Geor- 
gia has acted in the great and general contest, leaves 
room to expect little less than the censure, or even indig- 
nation, of every virtuous man in America. Although, 
on the one hand, we feel the justice of such a consequence 
with respect to the Province in general, yet, on the other, 
we claim an exemption from it in favour of some individ- 
uals, who wished a better conduct. Permit us, therefore, 
in behalf of ourselves and many others, our fellow-citi- 
zens, warmly attached to the cause, to lay before the re- 
spectable body over which you preside a fev/ facts, which, 
we trust, will not only acquit us of supineness, but also 
render our conduct to be approved by all candid and dis- 
passionate men. 

At the time the late Congress did this Province the 
honour to transmit to it an extract from their proceed- 
ings, enclosed in a friendly letter from the Honourable 
M' Middleton, the sense and disposition of the people in 
general seemed to fluctuate between liberty and conven- 
ience. In order to bring on a determination respecting 
the Measures recommended, a few well-affected persons 
in Savannah, by public advertisement in the Gazette, re- 
quested a meeting of all the parishes and districts, by 



64 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

delegates or representatives, in Provincial Congress. On 
the day appointed for this meeting, with concern they 
found that only five out of twelve parishes to which they 
had particularly wrote, had nominated and sent down 
delegates; and even some of these five had laid their 
representatives under injunctions as to the form of an 
association.- Under these circumstances, those who met 
saw themselves a good deal embarrassed. - However, one 
expedient seemed still to present itself. The House of 
Assembly was then sitting, and it was h<^)ed there would 
be no doubt of a majority in favour of American free- 
donx The plan, therefore, was to go through with what 
business they could in Provincial Congess, and then, with 
a short address, present the same to the House of Assem- 
bly, who, it was hoped, would by votes in a few minutes, 
and before prerogative should interfere, make it the act 
of the whole Province. Accordingly, the Congress framed 
and agreed to such an association, and did such other 
business as appeared practicable with the people, and had 
the whole just ready to be presented, when the Governor, 
either treacherously informed, or shrewdly suspecting the 
step, put an end to the session. What then could 
the Congress do? On the one hand, truth forbid 
them to call their proceedings the voice of the Province, 
there being but five out of twelve parishes concerned; 
and, on the other, they wanted strength sufficient to en- 
force them, on the principles of necessity, to which all 
ought for a time to submit. They found the inhabitants 
of Savannah not likely soon to give matters a favour- 
able turn. The importers were mostly against any in- 
terruption, and the consumers very much divided. There 
were some of the latter virtuously for the measures; 
others strenuously against them; but more who called 
themselves neutrals than either. Thus situated, there ap- 
peared nothing before us but the aJtemative of either im- 
mediately commencing a civil war among ourselves, o/ 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 66 

else of patiently waiting for the measures to be recom- 
mended by the General Congress. 

Among a powerful people, provided with men, money, 
and conveniences, and by whose conduct others were to 
be regulated, the former would certainly be the resolu- 
tion that would suggest itself to every man renK>ved from 
the condition of a coward; but in a small community 
like that of Savannah, (whose members are mostly in 
their first advance toward wealth and independence, des- 
titute of even the necessaries of life within themselves, 
and from whose junction of silence so little would be 
added or lost to the general cause,) the latter presented 
itself as the most eligible plan, and was adopted by the 
people. Party disputes and animosities have occasionally 
prevailed, and show that the spirit of freedom is not ex- 
tinguished, but only restrained for a time, till an oppor- 
tunity shall offer for calling it forth. 

The Congress convened at Savannah did us the honour 
of choosing us delegates to meet your respectable body 
at Philadelphia, on the tenth of next month. We were 
sensible of the honour and weight of the appointment, 
and would gladly have rendered our country any services 
our poor abilities would have admitted of ; but alas ! with 
what face could we have appeared for a Province whose 
inhabitants had refused to sacrifice the most trifling ad- 
vantages to the public cause, and in whose behalf we 
did not think we could safely pledge ourselves for the exe- 
cution of any one measure whatsoever? 

We do not mean to insinuate that those who appointed 
us would prove apostates or desert their opinions; but 
that the tide of opposition was g^eat ; that ail the strengtli 
and virtue of these our friends might be sufficient for the 
purpose. We very early saw the difficulties that would 

6 r r/-Tol 1 



«S RKVQUJTIQNARY RECORDS. 

here occur, and therefore repeatedly and constantly re- 
quested the people to proceed to the choice of other dele- 
gates in our stead ; but this they refused to do. We be^, 
sir, yx)\\ will view our reasons for not attending in a lib- 
eral point of light. Be pleased to make the most favour- 
able i^epresentation of them, to the Honourable the Meni- 
l>ers of the Congress. We believe we may take upon our- 
selves to say, notwithstanding all that has passed, there 
are still men in Georgia who, when an occasion shall re- 
quire, will be ready to evince a steady, religious and manly 
attachment to the liberties of America. For the consola- 
tion of these, they find themselves in the neighborh'X)d of 
a Province whose virtue and magnanimity must mJ will 
do lasting honour to the cause, and in whose fa'ie ihey 
seem disposed freely to involve their own. 

We have the honour to be, sir, your most obedienv ar. J 
very humble servants. 

Noble Wimbbrly Jones, 
Archibai^d Bulloch, 
John Houstoun. 

To the President of the Continental 
Congress. 

In the meantime the fires of liberty were burning 
brighter and brighter throughout Geogia, and the spirit 
of resistance to tyranny grew stronger and stronger. 
There was a great scarcity of powder in the northern 
provinces, where active hostilities had already begun. 
Governor Wright had a magazine in Savannah in which 
was stored a considerable quantity of ammunition. On 
the eleventh of May, under cover of darkness. Dr. Noble 
Wymberly Jones, Joseph Habersham, John Milledge, Ed- 
ward Telfair, Joseph Clay and William Gibbons, with a 
few others who accompanied them, broke into the maga- 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 91 

zine and carried away the powder, sending a part of it 
to South Carolina and concealing the remainder in their 
cellars till it might l>e needed in defense of their homes. 

In response to a call published in the Gazette and signed 
by Noble Wymberly Jones, John Houstoun, Archibald 
Bulloch and George Walto^i, a large number of inhabi- 
tants of Savannah and the surrounding country met at the 
Liberty-Pole in Savannah on the twenty-second of June, 
^77S> t^ ^I^^ ^ Council of Safety to take charge of and 
direct the affairs of the friends of freedom. 

Of this body William Ewen was elected President and 
the other members were, William Le Conte, Joseph Clay, 
Basil Cowper, Samuel Elbert, William Young, Elisha 
Butler, Edward Telfair, John Glen, George Houstoun, 
George Walton, Joseph Habersham, Francis H. Harris, 
John Smith and John Morel. 

The Council of Safety was instructed to keep up a 
correspondence with the local coimcils in the several prov- 
inces, with the Councils of Safety in the other parishes, 
and with the Continental Congress at Philadelphia. We 
here insert a fragmentary and imperfect journal (all 
now in existence) of the Council of Safety. 



68 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

(Reprint from White's Historical Collectiofis and Collec- 
tions of the Georgia Historical Society.) 

PROCEEDINGS 

OFTHB 

GEORGIA CXJUNCIL OF SAFETY. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, 30! November, 
1775. 

Present : 

William Ewen, President. Samuel Elbert. 

John Smith. Edward Telfair. 

Joseph Clay. Geo. Walton. 

George Houstoun.* Wm. Le Conte. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from the 
Honorable Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun and John 
Joachim Zubly,* three Continental Delegates at Philadel- 
phia, containing the resolution of the Continental Con- 
gress relative to the two cargoes of goods arrived in this 
Province after the 6th day of July and before the 6th day 
of August last. 

Resolved, That the said resolution and letter be re- 
ferred to the consideration of the General Committee. 

The President reported that he had paid to Philip Box 
and Wm. Gibbons, Esqrs., the Provincial Treasurers, the 
sum of eight hundred and four pounds ten shillings Stg., 
as per copies of their receipts annexed. 

•Afterwards joined the Royalists. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY 69 

Savannah, 19th Sept, 1775. 

Rec'd of Wm. Ewen, Esqr., President of the Council 
of Safety, five hundred and fifty-five shilling bills, being 
one hundred and thirty-seven pounds los., which we 
promise to be accountable for when thereunto required. 

Philip Box 
550.58. £137 los. Wm. Gibbons. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety on Monday, 
December nth, 1775. 

Present : 

George Walton. Saml. Elbert. 

Edwd. Telfair. John Smith. 

Stephen Drayton. Wm. Ewen. 

Francis Henry Harris. John Martin. 

Oliver Bowen. Ambrose Wright. 

The Council proceeded to the election of a President 
by ballot, when George Walton, Esqr., was found to be 
duly elected and took his seat accordingly. 

Mr. Edward Langworthy being proposed as Secretary, 
was unanimously elected and was also elected as Secreta- 
ry to the General Committee. 

Resolved, That Edwd. Langworthy be allowed 

pounds per annum for the above service. 

Congress resolved that the Council of Safety 

for the payment of the Secretary to pay 

the doorkeeper and messenger during the sitting 



70 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS- 

of Congress in this Board, in consideration 

the Secretary, do resolve paid to him for sum of 

ten pounds be paid the messenger and the sum of eight 
pounds the doorkeeper for their attendance on the lale 
Congress 

Ordered, that the President do write letters to the sev- 
eral persons elected to sit at this Board, who have not 
taken their seats, requiring that they do forthwith give 
their attendance. 

Ordered, that a committee be appointetl to draw up 
rules and regulations for the direction of this Board, and 
that Mr. Drayton, Francis Henry Harris and \Vm. Ewen 
be that committee. 

Resolved^ That the General Committee be requestCvl 
to meet to-morrQw morning at ten o'clock to proceed to 
the election of fit persons to supply the vacancies at this 
Board. 

Mr. Clay attended and declined taking his seat at this 
Board. 

Mr. Drayton from the committee appointed to draw 
up rules, &c., for this Board 

Resolved, That the Council 

Monday on ten o'clock in 

Room. 

2d. That every member 

hour of adjournment 

an 

3d. That when the President takes the chair, each 
member shall take their seats under a fine of two shillings 
and six pence. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 71 

4th. No member shall speak on a subject, but by ad- 
dressing himself to the President, uncovered and stand- 
ing; that only one member shall be allowed to speak at 
a time ; that when two shall arise, the determination, who 
shall proceed, shall lye with the President, 

5th. No member, without leave first obtained, shall 
attempt to speak in the same debate above twice. 

6th. That the President shall have power (notwith- 
standing the first resolve) to call the Council of Safety 
as often as the emergency of affairs may require, and that 
if the member, upwn such extraordinary notice given for 
their attendance, shall neglect to attend, they shall be 
fined the sum of twenty shillings, without a reasonable 
excuse. 

7th. That no member shall be absent from the Coun- 
cil more than a week without first obtaining leave so to 
do. 

Resolved^ That the foregoing be the standing Rules 
v)f this Board. 

In consequence of sundry applications, the President 
delivered commissions to the following gentlemen, Viz. : 

Thomas Dowd, Third Lieutenant, dated December. 

James Galache, Second Lieutenant, dated 12th De- 
cember. 

Andrew Maybank, Captain, dated 12th December. 

James Cochrane, First Lieutenant, dated I2ih Decem- 
ber. 

Moses May, Second Lieutenant, dated 12th December. 



72 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Josq)h Woodruff e, Captain, dated 12th December. 

John Morrison, First Lieutenant, 13th December. 

Jacob Blunt, Second Lieutenant, 13th December. 

Hezekiah Wade, Captain, dated -December. 

Jeremiah Beale, First Lieutenant, dated December. 

Zephaniah Beale, Second Lieutenant, dated De- 
cember. 

George Philips, Third Lieutenant, dated December. 

William Bugg, Senior Second Lieutenant, dated 

December. 

Joshua Smith, Third Lieutenant, dated December. 

John Dooly, Captain, dated December. 

Thomas Dody, First Lieutenant, dated December. 



Members of the Council of Safety. 

George Walton. Jonathan Bryan. 

William Ewen. William Gibbons. 

Stephen Drayton John Martin. 

Noble Wm. Jones. Oliver Bowen. 

Basil Cowper.* Ambrose Wright. 

Edwd. Telfair. Samuel Elbert. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Joseph Habersham. 

John Smith. Francis Henry Harris. 



•Af terwmrds joined the Rojalista. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 73 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, on Thursday 
morning, December 14th, 1775. 

Present : 

George Walton. William Ewen. 

Saml. Elbert. Oliver Bowen. 

Stephen Drayton. Ambrose Wright. 

Francis H. Harris. Edwd. Telfair. 

Resolved, That the Messenger . do summons the 
Members of the General Committee to meet to-morrow 
at three o'clock in the afternoon on special Business. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on Sar- 
urday, Eteccmber i6th, 1775. 

Present : 

George Walton. William Gibbons. 

Stephen Drayton. John Martin. 

Edwd. Telfair. Ambrose Wright. 

Oliver Bowen. Saml. Elbert. 

William Ewen. Francis Henry Harris. 

A petition was laid before the Council of Safety, in 
behalf of Capt. John Conyers and the Company he com- 
manded; setting forth, that he, with twenty-five Men. 
had marched to Augusta and there joined Capt. Elbert, 
that the petitioner with his men were at considerable ex- 
pense and trouble; and therefore expected not only to 
be paid per diem, but also to be reimbursed such necessary 
expenses, &c. 



74 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved, That the said John Conycrs and his men 
be paid at the rate of 4 shillings per diem, and likewise 
the expenses of the expedition. 

The president presented' an account of Ann Johnston 
for horse hire on the expedition to Augusta; ordered 
that the said Ann Johnston be paid forty shillings for the 
same. 

Dr. Jones, attending the Council of Safety, took his 
seat according to his election. 

The chairman of the General Committee informed the 
Board that the General Committee had met on yesterday, 
and in pursuance of a resolution of Congress, and agree- 
able to the request from this Board, had proceeded and 
elected Basil Cowper,* John Bohun Girardeau and Wil- 
liam Gibbons, Esqrs., as members to sit in the Council of 
Safety in the room of William LeConte, William Young,"* 
and Joseph Clay, who declined taking their seats. 

William Gibbons, Esq., attending the Council of Safe 
ty, and being informed of his election as a member of 
this Board, by the General Committee, took his seat ac- 
cordingly. Basil Cowper, Esq.,* likewise attended and 
took his seat. 

Whereas, It has been impracticable to get the pro 
ceedings of the late Congress published, agreeable to their 
directions, and as the said Congress is to expire on the 
last day of this Instant, and members to form a new 
Congress, to be chosen immediately thereafter, it is nec- 
essary that a few extracts from the said proceedings 
should be published, before the pamplilet can be printed, 
which will contain the most material part thereof. 



^Afterwards joined the RofUaltB^ 



JOURNAL OF CX)UNCIL OP SAFETY. 7ft 

In Congress, December 8th, 1775. 

Resolved, That this Congress do expire on the last 
day of the present month of December, and that the in- 
habitants of the se\^eral districts and parishes within this 
province, do proceed to the election of other delegates, 
to form and sit in a new Congress, between the first and 
twelfth days of January next; and that the persons so 
to be elected do meet and form a Provincial Congress at 
Savannah, or elsewhere, on the first day of June next, or 
sooner if the Honorable the Council of Safety shall think 
it expedient to summon them. 

Whereas, Some difficulties may arise in electing the 
several members, in the several parishes and districts, who 
are to compose the next Provincial Congress, for the pre- 
vention thereof, it is 

Resolved, That the chairman of the several paro- 
chial and district committees do give public notice thereof 
for at least ten days before such election, and that all 
I^ersons paying towards the general tax shall have power 
to vote, and that the delegates shall be freeholders in 
this province, and shall be chosen by ballot. 

Resolved, Also, that the mode of delegation recom- 
n:ended by the late Congress be adopted and signed by 
the electors of members to form and sit in the next Con- 
gress ; and also that all polls of election shall be open at 
ten o'clock in the morning and continue so till five in the 
afternoon, at which time, and not before, it shall be closed, 
or adjourned till next day ; and that no poll shall Idc con- 
tinued open longer than two days. 

Extracts from the minutes. 

Ed. Langworthy. 



76 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

It is therefore strongly recommended to the inhabi- 
tants of the several districts and parishes within this 
Province to proceed to the election of members to form 
and sit in the next Congress, at the time and in the man- 
ner as are recommended by the last ; and, in order that 
there may be no inadequate or clashing powers del^^teJ 
to be elected : It is ordered that the Secretary do procure 
a sufficient number of the said forms of delegation to \ye 
printed and forthwith transmit them to the parochial and 
district committees. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, on Monday, 
December i8th, 1775. 

Present : 

George Walton. William Ewen. 

Stephen Drayton. Oliver Bowen. , 

Basil Cowper.* William Gibbons. 

John Martin. Edward Telfair. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. Ambrose Wright. 

Jonathan Bryan. Samuel Elbert. 

The President presented to the Board a letter from th^s 
Council of Safety at Charlestown, which being read, it 
was agreed to answer it by a deputation. Ordered that 
Mr. Cooper and Mr. Drayton be that deputation. 

Rksolved, Th^t Mr. Jones, Capt. Elbert and Captain 
Martin be a committee to draw up instructions for the 
deputies. 

The President presented an account of Cuthbert & 
Piatt for the supply of the Indians, £6 3s. pd. Ordered 
that the said Cuthbert and Piatt be paid accordingly. 

*RoyaIift. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 77 

At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on Tue^i- 
day Deer. 19th, 1775. 

Present : 

George Walton. Samuel Elbert. 

William Evven. William Gibbons. 

Stephen Drayton. Oliver Bowen. 

Basil Cowper.* Edwd. Telfair. 

John Martin. Ambrose Wright. 

Noble W. Jones. Jonathan Bryan. 

Francis H. Harris. John Joachim Zubly.* 
Archibald Bulloch. 

Resolved, That the General Committee be requested 
and directed to emit and lodge in the Treasury the sum 
of twenty-five hundred pounds for the necessary service 
and defence of this Province ; and that the Chairman of 
the said committee do produce to this Board the Treas- 
urer's receipts for the same as soon as possible. 

A motion was made and seconded to reconsider the 
letter received from the Council of Safety at Charlestown, 
whether it shall be answered by a letter or deputation. 

Mr. Cooper declined going to Charlestown as a deputy; 
Mr. Ewen was appointed in his room. 

Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., laid before the Board the 
following resolution of the Continental Congress. 

In Congress, 'Novb. 4th, 1775. 

Resolved, That for the defence of the Colony of 
Georgia there be one battalion kept up there at the Con- 
tinental expence, to be composed as the battalion for the 

^Royalist. 



78 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

defence of Carolina, viz. : To consist of 728 men, officers 
included. This to be divided into 8 companies, each 
company to consist of one Captain, two Lieutenants, one 
Ensign, 4 Sergeants, 4 corporals, two drums or fifes and 
seventy-six privates. 

The pay of Colonel, 50 dollars p. calendar month. 

Lieutenant Col., 40 ditto p. do. 

Major, 33 >4 ditto p. do. 

Captain, 26>^ 

Lieutenant, 18 

Ensign, isVs 

Sergeant, 8 

Coi-poral, 7>4 

Fife and Drum. yy^ 

Private, 67^3 

Adjutant, iSYs 

Quarter Master, 183/^ 

Chaplain, 20 

Resolved, That the above resolution be taken under 
consideration on Tuesday, the 2d January, 1776. 

The Council adjourned to to-morrow morning 9 
o'clock. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. W 

W^nes4ay, Decemr. 20th, 1775. 
The Council of Safety met according to adjournment. 

Prc^e^it: 

Geo. Walton, President. Archibald Bulloch. 

Samuel Elbert. Oliver Bowm. 

Stephen Drayton. Edwd. Telfair. 

Ambrose Wright. Noble Wimb. Jones. 
John Martin. 

Mr, Girardeau attended the Council, took his seat. 

The Board being informed that the Chief Justice had 
made a rule of Court, whereby every Attorney who shall 
pay ob^ience to the regulations of the late Congress, in 
respect to law proceedings, should be struck oflf the 
roll. 

The Board deeming such proceeding by the Chief Jus- 
tice, not only highly derogatory to the authority of Con- 
gress, but arbitrary and illegal in respect to the attorneys 

Ordered^ That Mr. Bowen and Mr. Girardeau be a 
committee to search the Prothonotary's office if any such 
rule is filed therein. 

Mr. Brown and Mr Girardeau having searched the 
Prothonotary's office, reported that no such rule is filed 
therein. 

Resolved, That the chairman of the General Com- 
mittee be requested to call a meeting of the same, this 
afternoon at four o'clock, the Board having particular 
business to lay before them. 

Resolved, That the members to be elected to form 



80 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

and sit in the next Congress be summoned to meet in 
Savannah on the 20th of January next, to form the same, 
in order that the proceedings of the Continental Congress 
may be laid before them. 

Ordered, That the President do write to the commit- 
tees for the several districts and parishes within the Prov- 
ince, acquainting them therewith. 

Resolved, That the President be empowered to hire 
expresses to communicate the same. 

Adjourned to to-morrow nine o'clock. 



Thursday, December 21st, 1775 

The Council met according to adjournment. 

Present : 

George Walton, President. Oliver Bowen. 

Basil Cowper.* John Martin. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. Samuel Elbert. 

Edward Telfair. Wm. Gibbons. 
Ambrose Wright. 

Resolved, That all military officers of the first Regi- 
ment, acting under authority of Congress, be required to 
do petrol duty during the Christmas holidays, agreeable 
to the directions of the Acts of Assembly. 

Ordered, that the President do forthwith write to the 
Captains of the First Regiment, acquainting them with 
the foregoing resolution. ' 

^Royalist. 



JOURNAL OP COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 81 

At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on Sun- 
day, Dec. 24th, 1775. 

Present : ' 

George Walton. Francis Henry Harris. 

Edwd. Telfair. Oliver Bowen. 

Saml. Elbert. Basil Cowper.* - ""' 

John Smith. John Martin. 

Wm. Gibbons. • -«< ' 

The President laid before the Board a letter from 
John Wereat, Esq., informing that several vessels load- 
ing with lumber up Sapelo and other rivers at the south- 
ward, with palpable intention of supplying the West India 
markets, contrary to the restraints of Congress. The 
Board taking the said letter into consideration, resolved 
that the committees from the southern parishes be re-' 
quired to take effectual measures to prevent such wicked 
and daring attempts. Ordered, that the men employed 
and the necessary charges and expenses attending the 
same be paid by the public. Ordered, that the President 
do write to the southern parishes, acquainting them 
therewith. 



•Rosrallst. 
6 r r— TOl 1' 



82 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on 
Wednesday, December 27th, 1775. 

Present : 

George Walton. Basil Cowper.* 

Edw. Telfair. John Smith. 

Francis Henry Harris. William Gibbons. 

Oliver Bowen. Archibald Bulloch. 
Samuel Elbert. 

Joseph Habersham, Esq., attended this Board and took 
his seat. A motion was made and seconded that a com- 
mittee be appointed to propose some expedients for supply- 
ing the Province with arms and ammunition, and that 
they make their report on Friday next, which being 
agreed to, it was ordered that Capt. Elbert, Mr. Oliver 
Bowen, Mr. Edward Telfair, Mr Joseph Habersham and 
Mr. Basil Cowper be a committee for that purpose. 

Adjourned to Friday morning 10 o'cIock. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety on Tuesday, Jan. 
2, 1776. 

Present: 

George Walton. Basil Cowper.* 

Archibald Bulloch. Joseph Habersham. 

John Martin. Francis Henry Harris. 

William Gibbons. Ambrose Wright. 

Samuel Elbert. John Bohun Girardeau. 

Captain William Manson* presented to this Board a 
petition setting forth that since his arrival from Great 

♦Royalist. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 83 

Britain several of his indented servants had been enticed 
from him and enlisted into the provincial service of South 
Carolina, to his great loss and damage. 

That a number of armed men, among whom were 
some of the recruits belonging to Captain Spencer, and 
four of his indented servants, violently attacked his house, 
pulled down his fence, and would have proceeded to 
further violence if not prevented by people in the house; 
that he was necessitated to take two of the above men- 
tioned servants into Custo<ly; that conceiving his person 
and property to be in imminent danger, puts himself 
under the protection of this Board, &c. 

The Board having taken the premises into considera- 
tion, issued the following order. 

Georgia. 
In the Council of Safety, 
Savannah, 2d January, 1776. 

To Mr. John Spencer, a recrmting officer, acting under 
the authority of the Council of Safety of the Province 
of South Carolina, and under the protection of this 
Board: 

It appears to this Board that you have enlisted four 
indented servants of Capt. Wm. Manson, who has lately 
brought over from England a number of tradesmen and 
others to settle in the frontier parts of this Province, ar 
a very considerable expense; and, as we deem the enlist- 
ing of men in that situation not warranted by the regula- 
tions of the honorable Continental Congress, we require 
that you forthwith either surrender the men so enlisted, 
receiving back their enlisting money, or pay the expenses 
of indenting and bringing them to America. 



84 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

The Board further injoins, that Mr. Spencer will use 
his utmost endeavors to prevent any outrage to Capt. 
Manson, his people, or property, or any other person in 
this Province, by any of his men. 

Mr. Spencer declaring that he could not surrender up 
Capt. Manson's Servants, the following order was imme- 
diately issued. 

To Lieutenants Seth John Cuihbert and William Moore: 

You are hereby ordered and required forthwith to an.i 
and array a sufficient number of men belonging to tbe 
companies to which you respectively belong, and to rescue 
from Mr. John Spencer the following persons, viz. : 

William Budge, Francis Wallace, Thomas Purdy and 
John Douglass, being indented servants to Captain Wil- 
liam Manson, and by him enlisted contrary to the regula- 
tions of the Continental Congress; which men you are 
to deliver to Capt. Manson. 

By order of the Council of Safety. 

Geo. Walton, President. 
2d January, 1776. 

The Committee appointed to propose expedients for 
supplying the Province with arms and ammunition 
brought in their report, which the Board proceeded to 
consider and came to the following resolutions. 

Whereas, It has been resolved by the Continental 
Congress, that for the better furnishing these Colonies 
with the necessary means of defending their rights, every 
vessel importing gunpowder, saltpetre, sulphur, provided 
they bring with the sulphur four times as much saltpetre, 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 86 

brass field pieces of good muskets fitted with bayonets, 
within nine months from the date of this resolution, shall 
be permitted to load and export the produce of these Col- 
onies, to the vallie of such powder and stores aforesaid, 
the non-exportation agreement notwithstanding. 

ResoItVEd, Therefore, that a sum of money be pro- 
vided for the purpose of obtaining arms and ammunition 
for this Province. 

Resolved, That Saml. Elbert, Ewd. Telfair and Jo- 
seph Habersham be a committee to agree with a proper 
person to undertake to supply this Province with arms 
and ammunition. 

Resolved, That such person shall have power to draw 
on the said committee for the sum' necessary to be paid 
for such arms and ammunition, who are empowered and 
required to accept the same upon the faith of the public 
of this Province. 

Resolved, That the holder of any such bills may 
send any vessel or vessels to any port of this Province, 
which shall be permitted to load and carry off any pro- 
duce of this Province to the amount thereof. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the committee 
to contract for the supply of 400 stand of arms with 
bayonets, as nearly to the size recommended by the Con- 
tinental Congress as possible, 20,000 lbs. of gunpowder, 
60,000 lbs. of ball, bullets, bar lead, g^ape, swan and 
goose shot, properly proportioned. 

Resolved, That all the military stores at the Fort of 
Frederica be inmiediately secured and lodged in some 
place of security. ^ 



86 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved, That the President be empowered to issue 
orders by authority of the Board to some person willing 
to undertake the same. 

Resolved, That the expense attending the taking and 
securing such stores be paid by the public of this province. 

Adjourned to five o'clock p. m. 



At a Special Meeting of the Council of Safety, Sunday, 
January 7th, 1776. 

Present : 

George Walton. Jonathan Bryan. 

Stephen Drayton. Joseph Habersham. 

Archibald Bulloch. William Gibbons. 

Edward Telfair. Button Gwinnett. 

Samuel Elbert. Francis Henry Harris. 

Ambrose Wright. John Martin. 

The President informed the Board, that in consequence 
of information received from the secret committee, in- 
forming that two ships of war and one transport had 
sailed from Rebellion Road, which, there was good reason 
to believe, was destined to this Province, in order perhaps 
to plunder it of live stock, &c., or to support the merchants 
in the exportation of produce contrary to the Continental 
restraints. That in consequence of this information, he 
looked over the list of names of members of the Council 
of Safety and found there would be difficulty in getting a 
Board, and fearing the public safety would be endangered 
by a delay, and therefore issued the following orders. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 87 
Orders to David Zubly* John Stirk, &c., &c. 

It is deemed necessary for the public safety, that a part 
of the militia should be draughted to do duty at and about 
the Town of Savannah. You are therefore ordered and 
required inunediately to draught one third of the men in 
your company and to march them to Savannah by 12 
o'clock to-morrow, with their arms and accoutrements 
and lodging apparel ; for which the officers and men will 
be paid agreeable to a resolve of Congress. 

Geo. Walton, 
President of the Council of Safety. 

The Board, highly approving of the conduct of the 
President, do resolve that the foregoing orders be valid, 
as if particularly directed by the Board. 

Mr. Drayton represented that he was ready to make 
the report of his deputation to Charlestown, when the 
Board thought it proper to defer it till to-morrow morn- 
ing. 

A motion was made and seconded that officers be ap- 
pointed to command the militia ordered upon duty by the 
President. 

Resolved, That Samuel Elbert, Esquire, be Colontl 
and Chief in Command, Stephen Drayton, Esquire, Lieu- 
tenant Colonel and Second in Command, and Joseph 
Habersham, Esquire, Major and Third in Command, and 
that the President by empowered to issue and sign com- 
missions for them. 

Resolved, That sufficient number of small craft be 
forthwith sent down to Cockspur to lighten the Ship In- 

niojslift 



88 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

vemy, McKenzie, Master, now riding in the road there, 
in order that the ship may be brought up to Savannah. 

Resolved, That it be given in charge to the command- 
ing officer at Cockspur, to use his utmost endeavours to 
effect this purpose, and in case he shall find it impracti- 
cable and that the vessel and cargo must otherwise fall 
into the hands of our enemies, that then and not till then, 
in order to prevent the same, he shall have power to scut- 
tle her. 

Resolved, also. That it be further given in charge 
to the said officer to put the ship as soon under way as 
possible, and that he uses the utmost dispatch in bring- 
ing her and her cargo up to Savannah. 

Resolved, That the President do commissi<Miate Peter 
Bard and William O'Bryan, Gentlemen, for this pur- 
pose. 

Resolved, That the commanding officer at Savannah, 
for the time being, have power to restrain any Crown 
officer from going without the limits of Savannah, if he 
should deem it expedient. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 89 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Monday, Jan. 
8th, 1776. 

Present : 

George Walton. Francis Henry Harris. 

William Ewen. Button Gwinnett. 

Edwd. Telfair. Stephen Drayton. 

Noble Wmb. Jones. Ambrose Wright. 

Samuel Elbert. Archibald Bulloch. 

William Gibbons. Jonathan Bryan. 
John Bohun Girardeau. 

A letter was presented to the Board respecting some 
disturbances that have lately happened between an In- 
dian and some white people. 

Resolved, therefore. That the President do write 
to the several ccwnmittees bordering upon the Indian 
countries and direct them to apprehend any white person 
who shall molest or disturb any Indian amity with this 
Province. 

Stephen Drayton and William Ewen, Esquires, depu- 
ties appointed by this Board to make a representation of 
the state of this Province to the Council of Safety in 
South CarcJina, and to confer with them on the subject 
of exportation, having returned, attended and made their 
report. 

Resolved, that no rice shall be exported from this 
Province after this day, until the first day of March next, 
except such as was shipped previous to the arrival of the 
prohibition by the Continental Congress, and not then, 
without permission by this Board. 

Resolved, That the General Committee be required 



90 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

to issue and .lodge in the Treasury one thousand pounds 
over and above the last requisition ; and that it be recom- 
mended to the chairman to use his utmost endeavour to 
expedite the same. 

Resolved, That Levi Sheftal* be a commissary, as 
appointed by the President, to provide necessaries for the 
several companies of men that are ordered out upon duty 
at and about Savannah. 

A petition was presented to the Board by William Pan- 
ton, setting forth that he had purchased goods, &c,, be- 
longing to Kellsall & Co., together with the goods and 
gunpowder intended for the Indian trade, and that he 
desired to receive his proportion of the same; that he 
has a sloop now stopped by the Parochial Committee in 
this harbour, on board of which he has shipped a small 
quantity of rice, rum, salt, strands, &c., that he therefore 
prays that this Board will order him his proportion of 
the said gunpowder and permit his sloop immediately to 
depart with the same together with the other articles. 

The Board, taking the premises into consideration, 
resolved that, consistent with the public safety, they could 
not spare him any powder and that they could not permit 
him to carry any produce to Florida. 

Ordered that the President do inform him of the 
same. 

Resolved, That the President do write to the Council 
of Safety in Carolina and represent the particular circum- 
stances of the vessel and cargo lately taken and carried 
to Beaufort by their order j and that he request that the 
same may be returned to this Province; and that he 
pledges the faith of the Province that she shall not sail 
with her cargo contrary to the Laws of Congress. 

»Afierwardsa RoyftUst. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 01 

Resoi^ved^ That the President do issue his warrant to 
the commanding officer at Cockspur, commanding him 
to take the body of Captain William Colville and bring 
him before this Board, or, in case of its recess, deliver 
him to the commanding officer in Savannah. 

Resolved, That the President do write to the com- 
mittee for the Parish of Saint John, requiring that they 
use the utmost vigilance in watching the motions of the 
pilots for the harbour of Sunburj' ; and that, in particu- 
lar, they send for Captain William Lyford, and question 
him as to his piloting into any port in this Province any 
ship or vessel of war of our enemies, and that they take 
such steps with him, if he appears inimical to the com- 
mon interest, as will be a sufficient security against his 
aiding our enemies. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 8th. 
1776, p. m. 

Present : 

George Walton. Francis Henry Harris. 

Stephen Drayton. Samuel Elbert. 

William Ewen. Archibald Bulloch. 

Jonathan Bryan. John Bohun Girardeau. 

John Martin. William Gibbons. 

Edward Telfair. Ambrose Wright. 

Mr. Baker, from Saint John's Parish, presented to the 
Board a return and election of officers to command a 
company of riflemen, and recommended John Baker, 
Esqr., as Captain, Mr. John Bacon, Senr., as First Lieu- 
tenant, Mr. William Baker, Senr., as Second Lieutenant 
and Mr. Thomas Bacon as Third Lieutenant of same. 



92 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Ordered, that commissions be made out for the above 
gentlemen accordingly. 

Resolved, That houses of all overseers and negroes 
throughout the Province, together with those on the- 
Plantations in South Carolina, bordering upon Savan- 
nah River, below Purisburgh, be forthwith searched, and 
all guns and ammunition (except one gun and thirteen 
cartridges for each overseer) which shall be found there- 
in, shall be taken and lodged in the hands of the com- 
mittee for the several Parishes and Districts. 

Ordered, That the commanding officer at Savannah 
be directed to send a party of men to search the said 
jrlantations in South Carolina, and to have the guns and 
ammunition, which they shall find and take therein, 
lodged in the public store in Savannah. 

Resolved, That the President do write to the Council 
of Safety in South Carolina, and represent the necessity 
t))at obligated this Board to order their plantations to be 
searched. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 9th, 1776. 

Present: 

George Walton. Archibald Bulloch. 

William Gibbons. Jonathan Bryan. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. William Ewen. 

Edwd. Telfair. Joseph Habersham. 

John Martin. Ambrose Wright. 
Stephen Drayton, 

A motion was made and seconded that the letters from 
the Continental Delegates be read, which was ordered 
accordingly. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 93 

Wm. Baker, one of the officers of Saint John's Rifle 
Men, represented to the Board that many of the men 
were in want of powder and therefore applied for same. 
Ordered that 25 lb. wt. be delivered unto him. 

The following resolves of the Continental Congress 
were received enclosed in the letters from our delegates. 

In Congrt;SS, Octo. 6th, 1775. 

On motion made : 

Resolvj;-\ That it be recommended to the several 
Provincial Assem.blies or Conventions and Councils or 
Committees of Safety, to arrest and secure every person 
in their respective Colonies, whose going at large may in 
their opinion endanger the safety of the Colony or the 
liberties of America. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

Charles Thomas, Sec. 

In Congress, Thursday, 26th, 1775. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the several 
Provincial Assemblies, Conventions or Councils of Safety 
of the United Colonies, to export to the foreign West 
Indies, on account of risque of their respective Colonies, 
as much provision or any other produce except homed 
cattle, sheep, hogs and poultry, as they may deem neces- 
sary for the importation of arms, ammunition, sulphur 
and saltpetre. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above be transmitted by 
the Delegates to their respective Assemblies, Conventions 
or Committees of Safety. 

A true copy. 

Charles Thompson, Secy. 



94 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

The President having informed the Board that, from 
the accounts received, informing that ships of war were 
destined to this coast, he had issued orders to remove 
the cannon from the Island of Cockspur. 

Resolved, That this Board do approve of the said 
orders, and that the President do issue further orders 
for collecting and cleaning the cannon in and about the 
Town of Savannah, and that the commanding officer be 
appointed to do the same. 

Mr. John Elliott, from the Parish of Saint John, pre- 
sented to the Board a return of an election of officers for 
a company of Rangers, and recommended James Scriven, 
Esqr., as Captain, Mr. Dan'l Roberts as First Lieutenant, 
Mr. John Scriven as Second Lieutenant, and Mr. John 
Elliott as Third Lieutenant. Ordered that commissions 
be made out accordingly. 

(Extract of a Letter from the Honorable Henry Lau- 
rens, Esqr., President of the Council of Safety for South 
Carolina, to Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., dated 2nd Jan- 
uary, 1776.) 

But, Sir^ my principal business at present, for other- 
wise I should not have troubled you before Mr. Dray- 
ton's return, is to inform you that the Tamar, Cherokee, 
Sandwich Packet and an Armed Schooner made sail this 
morning in Rebellion Road and attempted to go over the 
bar, but the wind failing they are all come to anchor 
again. From undoubted intelligence we learn they ai'c 
intended for your river in order to obtain provisions (of 
bread particularly) whicli, since the practice of harbour- 
ing and protecting our negroes on board the Cherokee, 
we have refused to supply them with. Perhaps, too, 
there may be a concerted plan between the two Great Men 
for covering the loading of all the ships, which now are 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 96 

and which may come into your river, for overawing the 
friends of liberty and for giving energy to the projects 
of our enemies, in award for every mischievous and no 
good purpose towards the former. These will receive the 
warning, enquire what quantity of bread and flour, beef 
and pork is in the Town and act a part, we hope, that will 
do them honor. 

I have the honor, &c., 
Henry Laurens. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Friday, Jan- 
uary 1 2th, 1776. 

Present : 

George Walton. John Martin. 

Samuel Elbert. Ambrose Wright. 

Stephen I>rayton. Archibald Bulloch. 

Edward Telfair. William Ewen. 

Joseph Habersham. William Gibbons. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from Luke 
Mann, Esquire, which, among other things, informed of 
the election of officers for a company of men in the Upper 
District of Saint Philip, and recommended Luke Mann 
as Captain, Israel Bird, First Lieutenant, Frederic Rester, 
Second Lieutenant, and Joshua Stafford, Third Lieuten- 
ant. Ordered that commissions be made out and sent to 
them accordingly. 

Capt. James Goldwire and Lieutenant Richard Scruggs 
attended the Board and represented that they had re- 
ceived the orders of the President, commanding Capt. 




96 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Goldwire to make a draught of one third of the coiT^>any 
and to march them down to Savannah; that in conse- 
quence of these orders, they draughted one third of the 
company and assembled them and ordered them forth- 
with to march to Savannah, and that not only every man 
draughted, but every man in the whole company, except 
William King, absolutely refused obeying the said orders, 
whereby they could not comply with them. 

They also represented that they had often heard James 
Pace, tavern keeper, and John HaJl, planter, declare that 
they were Kingf's men, and that all the men in the Con- 
gress and Council of Safety were Rebels ; and that they 
would oppose all their measures and that they were wel- 
come to try it when they pleased. They further observed 
that James Pace and John Hall excited the men of the 
said company to disobedience by their means and pre- 
vented some of them from coming to town and that they 
were of opinion that unless some immediate steps are 
taken they will certainly do great harm to the public, 
and they also considered themselves in personal danger 
from the said James Pace and John Hall, if they were 
suffered to go at large ; therefore. 

Resolved, That James Pace, of the Parish of Saini 
Matthew, tavern keeper, and John Hall, of the same 
place, are inimical to the liberties of America; and that 
the public safety is endangered by their going at large. 

Resolved, therefore. That Colonel Drayton be ap- 
pointed to command the militia of the Parishes of Saint 
Matthew, Saint George and Saint Paul ; and that as soon 
as he can assemble a sufficient force, he shall arrest and 
take the said James Pace and John Hall and bring them 
to Savannah ; and that he shall suppress and disperse by 
force all and every person who shall appear in arms in 
opposition to the measures of Congress, or who shall 
declare against the liberties of America. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 97 

Resolved^ That Edw. Telfair, Esquire, be appointed 
to go with and to aid and assist Colonel Drayton in the 
measures necessary to be pursued in order to the execu- 
tion of the foregoing resolutions. 

Resolved^ That all the officers and men in the Parishes 
aforesaid are bound to pay obedience to the orders which 
may be issued by Colonel Drayton, and that neglect or 
disobedience shall be punished agreeable to the Regula- 
tions of Congress. 

Resolved, That the militia shall be paid at the rates 
that were allowed to the militia called out to suppress the 
insurgents in South Carolina, and that they draw rations 
in the same manner while employed in this service. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 13th, 1776. 

Present : 

George Walton. Basil Cowper.* 

Noble Wimb. Jones. William Ewen. 

Archibald Bulloch. John Martin. 

Samuel Elbert. William Gibbons. 

Edwd. Telfair. Stephen Drayton. 

Ambrose Wright. John Smith. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a committee 
be appointed to wait on the Reverend Mr. Piercy, to re- 
quest him to preach a sermon on Monday the 226 instant, 
at the opening of the Congress. 

Ordered, that Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., and Colonel 
Elbert be a Committee for that purpose. 

^Royalist. 
7 r r— vol 1 



98 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Mr. Bullcxh, applied to the Board in behalf of the in- 
habitants of the Sea Islands for leave to form a separate 
and distinct company: Resolved, that they have leave 
so to do. 

Ordered that they meet at Skidaway Landing on the 
Island of Skidaway on Friday the 19th of this instant 
to elect officers to command the said company agreeable 
to a Resolve of Congress. 
r 

The President sent a letter to the Council of Safety 
for South Carolina, informing them of the arrival of 
the Tamar off Tybee Light house and that the other 
vessels were in the Offing, and had fired several guns, 
but whether from the haziness of the weather, or their 
being in distress, we could not be certain. 

Adjourned till Monday morning 



At a Council of Safety at Mrs. Tondee's, January i6th, 
1776. 

Present : 

George Walton. Ambrose Wright. 

Stephen Drayton. John Smith. . 

Samuel Elbert. Edward Telfair. 

Archibald Bulloch. Basil Cowper.* 

William Ewen. Joseph Habersham. 

Francis Harris. William Gibbons. 

Whereas^ It appears to the Board, that the inhabi- 
tants of the Distict of Great Ogeeche, in the Parish of 
Saint Matthew, were prevented from proceeding to the 

•Royalist. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 99 

election of a Delegate to represent them in the next Con- 
gress by being obliged to obey the orders of this Board 
in draughting a third of them to come to Savannah, the 
Board, therefore, and in order that the said inhabitants 
may be represented, do hereby require the said inhabi- 
tants to proceed to the election and delegation of a per- 
son to represent them in the next Congress, the twelfth 
day of this instant being elapsed notwithstanding. 

Resolved, That it shall be considered as an offense 
in any person, who shall idly fire a gun in the Town or 
Common of Savannah ; and the commanding officer for 
the day shall have power to take the arms of any such 
person and detain them until he shall be assured that such 
person will not repeat the like offense. 

Resolved^ That Col. Drayton recommend it to the 
Committee for the Parish of St. Matthew to advertise a 
meeting of the inhabitants resident near Tuckisaw-Kings, 
being within the District of Capt. Goldwire's company 
of Militia, and to require them to proceed to the election 
and delegation of a fit person to represent them in the 
next Congress. 

Ordered^ that Capts. Howell and Chisolm do attend 
Col. Drayton on the expedition to the Back County with 
the detachments under their command. 

John Houstoun, Esqr., attended on the Board, and 
took his seat. 

Whereas, The inhabitants of the Lower District in 
the Parish of Saint Philip have not applied to this Board 
for commissions for any officers to command them. 
These are, therefore, to order and require the said in- 
habitants to proceed to the election of one Captain and 
three Lieutenants for that purpose. 



100 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

A motion was made, seconded and agreed to, that a 
committee be appointed to examine the printer's office, 
to see whether there was not something to be published 
this week, that might endanger the public safety. 

Ordered, that Major Habersham and Capt. Harris be 
that committee. 

Capt. Wells presented to the Board an account against 
the public for moving a quantity of ammunition from 
Savannah to Ebenezer, and for removing Capt. McKen- 
zie's ship from the Road of Cockspur to Savannah, and 
the expence attending the same amounting in the whole to 
£i6, I OS, 9d, which passed and was ordered to be paid. 

Resolved^ That the Militia now upon duty be paid 
the sum of one shilling and six pence p. diem to each 
man. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety Jan. i6th, 
1776, p. m. 

Present : 

George Walton. Samuel Elbert. 

Archibald Bulloch. William Ewen. 

John Houstoun. Joseph Habersham. 

Basil Cowper.* Francis Harris. 
Ambrose Wright. 

Resolved, That the President issue orders to Joseph 
Rice, that he immediately go down to Capt. Stirk, in the 
schooner on Provincial service, now on her way to Sa- 
vannah, and that he take with him the Riflemen from 

^Royalist 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 101 

Saint John's, and that when on board they act in obedi- 
ence to the directions of Capt. Stirk. 

Ordered^ that Col. Elbert be made acquainted with 
the foregoing Resolution and that he be desired to send 
an officer with a detachment of men to keep a lookout 
at Causton's Bluff, and to give the earliest information 
to this Board, of any boats which may be sent from 
the men of war. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety Jan. i8th, 
1776, p. m. 

Present : 

George Walton. John Houstoun. 

Joseph Habersham. Samuel Elbert. 

John Martin. William Ewen. 

Archibald Bulloch. ' Francis Harris. 
Ambrose Wright. 

Resolved, That the persons of his Excellency, Sir 
James Wright, Baronet, and of John Mulryne, Josiah 
Tattnall and Anthony Stokes, Esqrs., be forthwith ar- 
rested and secured and that all non-associates be forth- 
with disarmed, except those, who will give their parole, 
assuring that they will not aid, assist or comfort any 
of the persons on board his Majesty's ships of war, or 
take up arms against America in the present unhappy 
dispute. 

Resolved^ That the commanding officer do secure the 
Governor and Council till further orders from this Board 



102 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Orders. 

To Col Drayton and Edwd, Telfair, Esqrs. 

You are hereby required forthwith to order a draught 
of at least one-third of the Militia within the Parishes 
over which we have delegated to you our power ; and to 
have them immediately marched to Savannah, together 
with every other person, who may choose to come down 
as a volunteer and that you inform the persons so 
draughted and voluntarily coming down, they shall be 
paid the sum of one shilling and six pence to each for 
every day, in which they shall be employed on this serv- 
ice. These orders are not directly to militate with your 
expedition, but we particularly recommend it to you, to 
finish the business of that as soon as possible. 

By Order of the Council of Safety, 

Geo. Walton, President. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 
1 8th, at II o'clock at night, 1776. 

Present : 

George Walton. Saml. Elbert. 

Wm. Gibbons. Ambrose Wright. 

Basil Cowper.* Archibald Bulloch. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. John Houstoun. 

Francis Henry Harris. Joseph Habersham. 

RksoIvVEd, That the Members of his Majesty's Coun- 
cil be permitted to go to their respective homes upon their 

«Af terwards Royatiat. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 103 

parole assuring that they will attend his Excellency the 
Governor's house, at nine o'clock to-morrow morning 
and there consider themselves as in their present condi- 
tion, and upon his Excellency the Governor, giving as- 
surance to Major Habersham, that the peace of the town 
shall not be disturbed by any persons from, the ships of 
war. 

Ordered^ that Mr. Cooper and Dr. Jones attend Major 
Habersham to his Excellency the Governor, with the 
foregoing resolution. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 19th, 1776. 

Present : 

Geo. Walton. Wm. Gibbons. 

Francis Harris. Sam'l Elbert. 

Noble Wimbl. Jones. John Girardeau. 

Basil Cowper.* William Ewen. 

Joseph Habersham. John Houstoun, 

Ambrose Wright. John Smith. 
Archibald Bulloch. 

Resolved^ That his Excellency Sir James Wright, 
Baronet, his Majesty's Council, and the Crown Officers 
in general, be enjoined upon their parole of honor not to 
go out of the Town, or hold any correspondence with any 
of the officers or others on board the ships of war now at 
Tybee, without permission of this Board, and that should 
either or any of them refuse to give such parole, such 
person or persons shall immediately be arrested and con- 
fined under guard. 

^Afterwards Royalist. 



104 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved, That John Mulryne and Josiah Tattnall, 
Esquires, arrested by order of the Board, be also en- 
joined, upon their parole of honor, to the like effect. 

Resoi^ved^ That in case any ships or boats of war 
should appear, or land in or near the Town, before the 
resolution of Congress in regard to the said ships of war 
can be entered into, and published, that then the persons 
aforesaid shall be immediately removed to and confined 
in the country. 

Ordered^ that Mr. Smith and Mr. Gibbons do wait 
on them with a copy of the foregoing resolutions. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 19th, 1776, 
p. m. 

Present: 

George Walton. John Houstoun. 

Samuel Elbert. William Ewen. 

Basil Cowper.* Francis Henry Harris. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. William Gibbons. 

John Smith. John Bohun Girardeau. 

Mr. Smith and Mr. Gibbons reported that they had 
served his Excellency the Governor and his Majesty's 
Council with the Resolution entered into this morning, 
and that they requested to furnish them with a copy there- 
of, which accordingly they did. 

Capt. Harris informed the Board that in pursuance of 
a Resolution of the same, he had arrested and had now 

ntoyalist 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 105 

in custody the body of John Mulryne, Esqr., whereupon 
Mr. Cowper and Mr. Girardeau were ordered to require 
his parole of honor, which he pledged in the following 
manner: That he will not aid, assist or comfort the 
officers or others on board his Majesty's ships of war 
now in this Province, by holding any intercourse or cor- 
respondence with them; that he will not supply them 
with any provisions whatsoever, and that he will not take 
up arms against America on the present unhappy contest 
with the mother country. 

Ordered, that Capt. Harris serve Col. Mulryne with 
a copy of the above; which he having done the Colonel 
assured him, on his honor, that he would strictly abide 
by the same. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Feb. 20th, 1776. 

Present : 

Archibald Bulloch. William Ewen. 

Ambrose Wright. Edward Telfair 

Joseph Clay. George Walton. 

William LeConte. John Girardeau. 

William O'Brien. Benjamin Andrew. 

The Council proceeded to the election of a President, 
when Elisha Butler, Esqr., was found to be unani- 
mously elected. , 

Ordered, that the Secretary do immediately write to 
him, to require his attendance accordingly. 

Mr. William Ewen took the chair pro tempore in the 
room of Elisha Butler, Esq. 



106 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Messrs. Joseph Clay and John Smith declined taking 
their seats. 

Resolved, That Mr. Archibald Bulloch, Mr. George 
Walton and Mr. William LeConte be appointed a com- 
mitted to enquire into the cause of the discontent among 
the Country Militia now in Town. 

Mr. John Martin and Mr. John Stirk were elected 
members of this Board, in the room of Messrs. Clay and 
Smith. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Feb. 21st, 1776. 

Present : 

Wm. Ewen, Prest. William O'Brien. 

John Girardeau. John Stirk. 

George Walton. Archibald Bulloch. 

Ambrose Wright. Wm. LeConte. 

John Martin. John Houstoun. 
Benjamin Andrew. 

The Hon. James Edward Powell, Esqr., attended on 
this Board, and delivered two letters from Capt. Barclay 
and Gov. Wright, which are as follows : 

Scarborough at Cockspur, Feb. 19th, 1776. 

Sir: Yesterday I received yours enclosing a letter 
from the Congress to the gentlemen of the Council in 
answer to what I wrote them, and desired might be com- 
municated to the Congress and people in general. This 
letter I cannot consider as an answer to mine, as they 
have not taken any notice of the most serious part, with 
respect to themselves and the Province; but if they will 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 107 

not be their own friends, the Province will blame them 
and not me, who thro' friendship put it in their power 
to be happy. 

Inclosed you have a letter received from Capt Barclay 
in consequence of one wrote him by direction of the Con- 
gress, the contents of which you will be pleased to acquaint 
them with, and I am surprised they should suppose he 
could or would accept the proposition. I am, with per- 
fect esteem, Sir, 

Your very obedient servant, 
(Signed) J. Wright. 
Hble. J. E. Powell, Esqr. 

Scarborough, Feb. 19th, 1776. 

Sir : Having represented to your Excellency upon my 
arrival here, that I was very desirous of having a free 
intercourse between his Majesty's ships under my com- 
mand and the Town of Savannah, and desiring at the 
same time, I might be supplied with provisions and other 
necessaries, by paying the market price for the same, 
which I had great reason to expect in any part of his 
Majesty's dominions. 

I beg leave to acquaint your Excellency that I have 
received a letter from Savannah signed by Archibald Bul- 
Joch, a copy of which I herewith enclose you, and the 
manner of intercourse mentioned therein between the 
Town and King's ships, I can by no means accept of. 

I beg your Excellency will make the Town acquainted 
therewith. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's most obedient 
humble servant. 

(Signed) And. Barclay. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright. 



108 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved, That Captains Martin and Stirk be a com- 
mittee to examine the public accounts, and that they re- 
ceive no accounts otherwise than upon oath. 

The Hon. Rawlins Lowndes, Col. Parsons and 
Thomas Savage, Esqr., from the Congress for South 
Carolina, waited on this Board and laid before it the fol- 
lowing resolve, recommending a similar one to be adopted 
by this Province: 

South Carolina, in Congress, 14 Febry., 1776. 

Whereas^ The Continental Congress, on the ist day 
of November last, prohibited exportation from the United 
Colonies until the ist day of March next; and, 

Whereas, By reason of the distance of several of 
those Colonies from Philadelphia, the Resolution of the 
said Congress, relative to exportation after that day, may 
not be known for some time; and it may be injurious 
to the common cause of America if exportation should be 
permitted in any Colony, before such Resolution shall be 
known there. 

Resolved, That the said prohibition shall continue and 
be of force in this Colony until the first day of May next, 
unless an authentic account of the determination of the 
Continental Congress relative to exportation after the 
said 1st day of March, shall be sooner received and pub- 
lished by the Council of Safety. 

A true copy. 

Peter Timothy, Secretary, 

Ordered, that the consideration of extending the Reso- 
lution of the Continental Congress in such manner as 
recommended be deferred till to-morrow morning. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 109 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Feb. 22d, 1776. 
Present : 



William Ewen. 
William LeConte. 
George Walton. 
Wm. O'Brien. 
John Houstoun. 
Edward Telfair. 



Archibald Bulloch. 
John Martin. 
John Girardeau. 
John Stirk. 
John Wereat. 



Agreeable to the order of the day, the Board proceeded 
to consider the propriety of extending the Resolution of 
the Continental Congress in a similar manner to that o£ 
South Carolina. 

Ordered, that it be further postponed till to-morrow 
morning. 



[Reed., Savannah, 2Sth October, 1775, of William 
Ewen, Esqr., President of the Council of Safety, the sum 
of six hundred and sixty-seven pounds, str., which we 
promise to be accountable for to the Council of Safety 
when thereunto required. 

Phiup Box, 
Wm. Gibbons. 



1000 2 

35 20 

14 60 

600 10 

250 S 



£125.- 

35- 
42.- 

300.- 
62.-10 



110 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

500 i|6 37.-10 

13 ^ sl 65.- 



£667.- 
137.-10 



See other side £804.-10] 

(The above in brackets appears on a page in the min- 
utes of the Council of Safety just at this point, and is 
here given as in the original manuscript). 



In the Council op Safety^ 

Savannah, March 2, 1776. 

For the safety of the Province, and the good of the 
United Colonies, it is unanimously 

Resolved, That the houses in the town of Savannah, 
and the hamlets thereunto belonging, together with the 
shipping now in the port of Savannah, the property of, 
or appertaining to the friends of America, who have as- 
sociated and appeared, or who shall appear in the present 
alarm to defend the same, and also the houses of widows 
and orphans, and none others, be forthwith valued and 
appraised. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Joseph Clay, Joseph Reynolds, 
John McLuer, Joseph Dunlap, and John Glen, or any 
three of them, be a Committee for that purpose, and that 
they make a return of such value and appraisement, to 
the Council of Safety to-morrow morning, 9 O'clock, or 
as soon after as possible. 

Resolved, That the delegates for this Province shall 
be instructed to apply to the Continental Congress for an 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. Ill 

indemnification to such persons who shall suffer in the 
defence of this town or shipping. 

Resolved, That it shall be considered as a defection 
from the cause of America, and a desertion of property 
in such persons who have and shall leave the town of 
Savannah, or the hamlets thereunto belonging, during 
-the present alarm, and such persons shall be precluded 
from any support or countenance towards obtaining an 
indemnification. 

Resolved, That it be incumbent upon the friends of 
America in this Province to defend the metropolis as 
long as the same shall be tenable. 

Resolved, That rather than the same shall be held and 
occupied by our enemies, or the shipping now in the port 
of Savannah taken and employed by them, that the same 
shall be burnt and destroyed. 

Resolved, That orders shall be issued to the com- 
manding ojfficer, directing him to have the foregoing reso- 
lutions put into executicMi. 



In the Council of Safety, 

Savannah, March i, 1776. 

Whereas, the resolution of the Hon. the Continental 
Congress, restraining the exportation of rice from the 
United Colonies for a time, having expired this day, 
without any further or additional restraint, as we know 
of, it now lies with the Council of Safety for this Prov- 
ince either farther to restrain the exportation, or to per- 
mit it. And whereas a formidable force, both by sea 
and land, having invaded this Province for several weeks 



112 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

past, and it appearing, by the arrival of such force, that 
the cause of the said Continental restrictions is not re- 
moved : 

Resolved^ therefore^ That no ships loaded with rice, 
or any other article of produce, in this Province, shall 
be permitted to sail without leave of the Council of Safety 
or next Congress, except such vessels as are or shall be 
permitted to sail for the purpose of procuring the neces- 
sary means of defence. 

Resolved, That in case any loss shall be sustained 
by such detention, the delegates of this Province shall be 
instructed to apply to the Continental Congress to make 
the reimbursement for such loss a general charge. 

Ordered, That the rudders be unshiiq)ed, and the rig- 
ging and sails taken away and secured from the several 
vessels now riding in the port of Savannah. 

Orders to Col Lachlan McIntosh. 

Sir: You will enforce and have executed the afore- 
mentioned resolutions and order, the resolution hereto- 
fore delivered to you as of the Council of Safety being 
erroneous; and any permit you may have given in con- 
sequence, you will please to recall. 

By order of the Council of Safety, 

Wm. Ewen, President, 

Edward Langworthy, Secretary* 

A true copy from the Minutes. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 118 

In the Councii, of Safety, 
Savannah, March 2, 1776. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas, many householders in the town of Savan- 
nah, and the hamlets thereunto belonging, have basely 
deserted their habitations since the commencement of the 
present alarms; 

And whereas, some of them are associates in the 
great American Union, and by consequence, their lives 
and fortunes bound to support it ; And whereas, there is 
a number of shipping in the port of Savannah belonging 
and appertaining to persons resident in this Province; 
And whereas, we deem it incumbent upon every person, 
more especially those who have associated, to defend their 
property with their lives ; 

These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all persons 
holding any property in the town, or hamlets, or ship- 
ping aforesaid, forthwith to repair to head-quarters, in 
Savannah, to defend the same, on pain of suffering all 
the consequences contained in the foregoing resolutions. 

By order of the Council of Safety, 

Wm. Ewen, President. 

8 r r— Yol 1 



114 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



At a meeting- of Council of Safety, the 30th day of 
April, 1776. 

Present : 

John Wereat George Walton. 

John Girardeau. Jonathan Bryan. 

Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 
Samuel Saltus. 

Resolved, That the following address be presented to 
his Excellency the President, and that Messrs. Wereat 
and Roberts do wait on his Excellency to know when he 
will be pleased to receive the same. 

GEORGIA: 

To His Bxc'ellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of Georgia: 

THE ADDRESS OF THE COUNCIL OF SAFETY 
FOR THE SAID PROVINCE. 

May it please your Excellency: 

The long session of the late Congress, together with 
the season of the year, called particularly for a speedy 
recess, and the House having adjourned while you were 
out of town, it becomes more particularly necessary for 
us to address your Excellency: We therefore, with un- 
feigned confidence and regard, beg leave to congratulate 
not only your Excellency on your appointment to, but 
your country on your acceptance of the supreme com- 
mand in this Province. 

It would be needless and tedious to recount the various 
and yet multiplying* oppressions which have driven the 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 116 

people of this Province to erect that Government, which 
they have called upon you to see executed: Suffice it 
then to declare that it was the only alternative of anarchy 
and misery, and by consequence the effect of dire neces- 
sity. 

Your Excellency well knows that it was the endeavor 
of the Congfress to stop every avenue of vice and op- 
pression, lest the infant virtue of a still more infant 
Province might in time rankle into corruption : And we 
doubt not but that by your Excellency's exertions, all the 
resolutions made, or adopted by Congress will be en- 
forced with firmness, without regard to any individual, 
or any set of men ; for no Government can be said to be 
established, while any part of the community refuse sub- 
mission to its authority. 

In the discharge of this arduous and important task, 
your Excellency may rely on our constant and best en- 
deavors to assist and support you. 

Messrs. John Wereat and Dan'l. Roberts waited on 
the President, who informed them that he would be ready 
to receive their address on to-morrow morning at nine 
o'clock. 



116 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, ist May, 1776. 
Present : 

Jonathan Bryan. George Walton. 

Sam'l Saltus. John Girardeau. 

Benjn. Andrew. John Wereat. 

John Houstoun. Dan'l Roberts. 

The Board waited on his Excellency the President with 
their Address, to which he was pleased to give the fol- 
lowing answer: 

To the Honorable the Members of the Council of Safety 
of the Province of Georgia. 

Honorable Gentlemen: 

I am much obliged to you for your kind expressions 
of congratulation on my appointment to the supreme 
command of this Colony. When I reflect from whence 
the appointment is derived, that of the free and uncor- 
rupt suffrages of my fellow-citizens, it cannot fail 10 
stimulate me to the most vigorous exertions in the dis- 
charge of the important duties to which I am called, by 
the late wise and salutary regulations adopted by our 
Provincial Congress. 

While I have the advice and assistance of gentlemen 
of known integrity and abilities, I doubt not but I shall 
be enabled to enforce and carry into execution every 
resolve and law of Congress ; and, as far as lies with me, 
my country may depend I will, with a becoming firmness 
and the greatest impartiality, always endeavor to cause 
justice in mercy to be executed. 

i Archd. Bulwch. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY, lit 

His excellency the President waited on the Board and 
took the chair. 

GEORGIA: 

By his Excellency the President in the Council of Safety. 

To the Treasurers: 

Pay George Walton, Esqn, for the use of the First 
Troop of Horse the sum of fifty pounds sterling, out of 
any monies of the General Fund. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Ordered, that Mr. Charles Middleton be immediately 
commissioned as Second Lieutenant of the First Troop 
of Horse. 

Ordered, that the causeway at Great Ogechee Ferry 
be forthwith repaired, and that the Governor's negroes 
be employed for that purpose, and that James Maxwell 
and Fowler Brisbane, Esqr., be appointed Commission- 
ers to superintend the same. 

Ordered, that Hepworth Carter be commissionated ai 
Third Lieutenant of the Saint John's Rangers. 

Ordered, that the sum of fifty pounds be borrowed 
from the Colony Fund, and lent to the fund ordered for 
the supply of the Troops of Horse until bills can be 
emitted. 

Ordered, that permission be granted to John Graham, 
Esqr., to depart the Province with his family, with nec- 
essary servants and provisions for the voyage, leaving his 
property behind him for the security of his creditors, and 
he has leave to return. 



118 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

That Thomas Tallemack also be permitted to depart 
the Province, giving security in the sum of one hundred 
pounds against any claims which may be brought against 
him. 

GEORGIA: 

By his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Bsqr., President 
and Commander in Chief of the Colony aforesaid, in 
the Honorable the Council of Safety, 

To the Hon, Major Walton: 

Sir: — It has been represented to me in Council that 
there are many disaffected persons possessed of and are 
now building and erecting divers forts and fortifications, 
without any leave or authority for the same. You are, 
therefore, requested and empowered as well, to make the 
necessary inquiry with respect to the premises, as in gen- 
eral to inquire into the state of the frontier part of this 
Province, and to make report of the same to me. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Like orders were also sent to Col. Robert Rae, Chair- 
man of the Committee for the Town and District of Au- 
gfusta. 

The inhabitants of the Town and District of Augusta 
having applied to me, by their Committee, for a new elec- 
tion of Delegates to serve in Provincial Congress, and 
being willing to do all in my power to quiet and content 
the minds of the people, do hereby, with the advice of the 
Honorable the Council of Safety, order and direct that the 
inhabitants of said Town and District do proceed to a 
new election of Delegates in manner as is directed by 
Resolutions of Congress. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 119 

Ordered^ that two hundred weight of gunpowder and 
four hundred weight of lead be delivered to Col. Wells, 
for the use of the Town and District of Augusta. 

N. B. — G. P. deliv'd y's ord'd to a boatman, w'ch he 
lost, and ye ammunition was never received. 

John Glen,* Esqr., waited on the Board and qualified 
as Chief Justice of this Province. 

William Stephen,* Esqr., alsQ qualified as Attomej'- 
General. 

James Jackson, likewise qualified as Clerk of the Court 
of Sessions. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, May 2d, 1776. 
Present : 

Archb. Bulloch, Prest. John Wereat. 

Willm. LeConte. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. 

Daniel Roberts. Jonathan Bryan. 
John Houstoun. 

M' John Simpson having applied to the Board for leave 
to depart the Province, it was granted him. 

Ordered, that the Council of Safety do meet on the 
second and last Tuesday of every month. 

Ordered, that Daniel Roberts, Esqr., and Willm. Le 
Conte be a Committee to examine what dry goods are 
now in the town of Savannah. 



•Afterwards a Royalist. 



120 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Col. Elbert made application for an order to procure 
such arms, bayonets and gun locks as may be in charge of 
Capt. Jacob Walthour at Ebenezer, for the use of the Bat- 
tallion, which was granted. 

Ordered, that John Graham do give a bond of 10,000 
as security to the public on his departure from the Prov- 
ince. 

Mr. Murray also is permitted to depart the Province 
on the same terms. 

Ordered, that twenty pounds be advanced to Capt. 
Brown, to enable him to enlist more men for the service 
of the Scout Boat 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of Georgia, 
in Council: 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas, The honorable Continental Congress have, 
among other things, Resolved, that the Venders of dry 
goods ought not to take advantage of the scarcity that 
might be occasioned by the non-importation agreement 
under pain of being declared inimical to the liberties of 
America. And whereas, the Provincial Congress have, 
Resolved, that whoever shall depreciate the Currency of 
this Province, shall forfeit all right to protection from the 
said Congress^ or any authority acting under it ; and, 

Whereas, It hath been represented to me in Coun- 
cil, that several persons in the Province do, notwithstand- 
ing the above Resolutions, sell their goods at a most ex- 
orbitant price, to the great prejudice of the inhabitants of 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 121 

this Province^ especially the poor. I have therefore 
thought fit, with the advice and consent of the Council 
aforesaid, to issue this my proclamation, notifying to all 
persons, whom it doth or may concern, that if they per- 
sist in their unwarrantable proceedings, they will be 
subject to the pains and penalties annexed to the fore- 
going Resolutions and their names published accordingly. 

(Signed) Arcd. Bulloch. 

Ordered^ that orders be forthwith issued to elect mem- 
bers to sit in Congress for such Parishes and Districts, 
as may be unrepresented, by the appointment of their 
members to places of profit, etc: And that on Monday 
seven night they proceed to the election of Parochial 
Committees as well as such members. 

Ordered, that a letter be wrote to Mr. Rae to recall the 
orders for a new election in the Town and district of 
Augusta, alledging the reasons why the present members 
must be still continued. 

Capt. Elijah Steel made application for payment of the 
rum taken from him in February last, and in considera- 
tion of the low price of the same, it was agreed he should 
be paid in Continental Currency. 



122 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a Council of vSafety the 14th day of May, 1776. 

Present 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. 

Benj. Andrew. George Mcintosh. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Wm. LeConte. John Adam Treutlen. 
John Baker. 

Received and read letters from Messrs. John and 
George Walton, with an inclosed deposition of John Mc- 
Cormick, that Harry Stewart had arrived at Toquah 
Town on the 26th April last, with twenty horse-load of 
ammunition as presents for the Cherokees ; that they had 
lost four Indians of their party, together with a consider- 
able quantity of their ammunition in an eng^ement 
(on their march) with some of the Western tribes of 
Indians. 

This deponent further observed that just before he 
left the Nation, a party of Cherokees returned from 
Wataga, or some other of the back settlements of Vir- 
ginians that are nearest them, and say they have killed 
eight white persons, and that they intend to continue 
killing until they drive them quite off the land. And 
this deponent further saith that the Indians had a war 
dance 'round the scalps before he left the Nation. 

Read also an intercepted letter of Andrew McLean 
from Alexander Cameron, which letter was laid before 
the Committee at Augusta, who not being satisfied with 
Mr. McLean for carrying on a correspondence with the 
professed enemies of our country, ordered him to appear 
before his Excellency and this Board, which he promised 
to perform on or before Tuesday next. Mr. John Wal^ 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 123 

ton also informs of the murder of an Indian by one Few 
and a party of men linder his command. 

Ordered, that Mr. Yorke and Mr. Sykes, two gentle- 
men from Philadelphia, be permitted to pass to Cockspur 
and to return. 

Capt. Wm. Mcintosh having informed his Excellency 
that Messrs. Wrights have a strong fort at their planta- 
tion, with twenty white men and all their slaves armed, 
and also a considerable quantity of provision and ammu- 
nition. 

That Mr. Martin Jollie, upon St. Mary's River, keeps 
a magazine of provisions to supply our enemies, and that 
he was creditably informed that he had sixteen barrels 
of gunpowder now in his possession, and was lately ap- 
pointed Colonel of all the troops he can raise between 
St. John's and Mary's; that there were also a number 
of vessels in the River St. Mary's that might be easily 
taken, if there are no men-of-war there to protect them; 

That it will be necessary to build a log house, or pun- 
cheon fort, wherever it may be thought proper to station 
a detachment of the First Troop of Horse on the Alata- 
maha, which place Capt. Mcintosh" will point out — the 
same likewise to be done on St. Mary's ; 

That one Anderson had a great stock of cattle in East 
Florida, that he thought it requisite that orders should 
be immediately issued to the said Anderson to remove 
his stock into this Province ; 

That if a boat was stationed at Gaskins it will answer 
the purpose of a stationed boat. 



124 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

GEORGIA: 

By his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr,, President 
and Commander in Chief of said Province, 

To Capt. William Mcintosh : 

You are hereby ordered and required to go with the 
Troop of Horse under your command and take the fort 
now in possession of Gennain and Charles Wright, and 
to disarm and take all the white men you may find there ; 
and also all negroes with arms, and secure them till fur- 
ther orders, together with all provisions, arms and am- 
munition. 

You are then to proceed to St. Mary's, or wherever 
else you may deem it necessary in any part of East Flor- 
ida, and particularly to apprehend and bring to Savannah 
the body of Martin Jollie, after securing the provisions 
he now has in his magazine, and all the gun powder, arms 
and ammunition he may have in his possession; and 
likewise to apprehend and send to Savannah any other 
persons whose going at large may endanger the liberties 
of America. And, further, if you find it practicable, 
you may take such vessels as are now lying in St. Mary's 
River, and do such other things as may appear to you 
necessary for the good of the public service. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Ordered that one hundred weight of gunpowder and 
four himdred weight of ball be delivered to Capt. Wil- 
liam Mcintosh. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 126 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, the 15th day of 
May, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. 

George Mcintosh. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Adam Treutlen. John Cochrane. 

John Girardeau. Col. Baker. 

Jonathan Bryan. William LeConte. 

Mr. Thomas Ried presented a petition to the Board, 
respecting the indigo taken in the river by Capt. Brown. 

Ordered, that it be referred to the consideration of 
the Congress. 

Read a letter from Mr. Galphin directed to Mr. John 
Wereat, proposing that he would go to the northward 
with some of the principal men of the Creeks and Chero- 
kees in order to keep the Indians peaceable, etc. 

Ordered, that a letter be sent to Mr. Galphin, alledg- 
ing such reasons for his not going at present, as may 
be satisfactory to him, and that orders be issued to the 
Captains of the two Troops of Horse, that they exert 
their utmost endeavors to prevent the murder of any 
Indians in the Back Cotmtry, and that they use their 
utmost efforts to apprehend the man, who lately killed 
the Indian. 

Ordered, that commissions be made out for John 
Hardy as Captain of the Artillery Company at Sunbury, 
and Nathaniel Saxton as Captain of the Volunteer Com- 
pany of Militia at Sunbury. 

Ordered, that commissions be made out for Peter 



126 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Shand, as Captain, James Roberts, First Lieutenant and 
Theophilus Lunday as Second Lieutenant of a Volunteer 
Company of Militia in the Parish of Saint George. 

Mr. James Hovenden presented his account to this 
Board, amounting to £8, o, o sterling, which was passed 
and ordered payment. 

Mrs. Agnes Rambsay petitioned for leave to depart the 
Province in Capt. George Warddl's Brig, which was 
granted her. 

Ordered, that a rowingboat, cockswain and six men 
be forthwith procured for the service of the public. 

Ordered that the Militia now doing duty at Ebenezer 
be discharged. 

Ordered, that the Secretary do forthwith write to 
the several Parishes and Districts within this Province, 
in order to convene the Congress on the first Tuesday in 
June next. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Arch. Bulloch, Esquire, President and 
Coffpnumder in Chief of the said Province: 

Whereas, The season of the year particularly rendered 
it necessary for the late Congress to be adjourned, that 
the country members might have an opportunity of fin- 
ishing their planting business and settling their other 
dotnestic concerns; and in consequence thereof, sundry 
affairs of great importance to the public were postponed 
to future consideration. 

I have, therefore, thought fit by and with the advice 
of the honorable the Council to summon the members 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 127 

of the said Congress at Savannah, on Tuesday the fourth 
day of June next, in order to proceed to finish the said 
business, and to dispatch such other matters, as may 
appear requisite for the preservation and maintenance 
of the peace, welfare and security of the Province. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, May i6th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Adam Treutlen. John Wereat. 

John Girardeau. William Le Conte. 

Jonathan Cochrane. George Mcintosh. 

Colonel Baker. Jonathan Bryan. 

Capt. Phoenix presented a petition to the Board re- 
questing that he might be appointed Adjutant to one of 
the Battalions of Militia. 

Ordered that it be referred to the field officers. 

Mr. Andrew McLean made application for permission 
to go down to Cockspur : which being considered, it was 
refused. ^ 

Orders to Captain Wm. M'Intosh. 

Sir: — You are hereby ordered and required to build 
a log house, or puncheon fort, on the place, where you 
find it necessary to station a detachment of Horse under 
your command on the Altamaha River, and likewise to 
do the same at the most convenient place on Saint Mary's. 



128 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

And you are further required to remove the stock belong- 
ing to one Anderson from East Florida into this Prov- 
ince, and in like manner to remove all the stock of such 
persons as reside among us — and to see that a boat be 
stationed at Gaskins. And as there has been information 
made of the murder of an Indian by one Few, and a 
party of men under his command, you are therefore or- 
dered to use your utmost efforts to apprehend the said 
Few and to bring him to Savannah, and at all times to 
do whatever may be in your power, to prevent the mur- 
der of any Indians in the Back Country. 

(Sighed) A. Bulloch. 

Orders to Captain Leonard Marbury. 

Sir : — Whereas information has been received that one 
Few, and a company under his command, have killed an 
Indian and several accounts received respecting the In- 
dians are very unfavorable, you are therefore ordered 
and require to use your utmost efforts to prevent the 
murder of any Indians in the Back County and to ap- 
prehend the said Few, or any person that may be guilty 
of the above mentioned murder, or who may in any wise 
disturb the peace, or render himself obnoxious to the 
friends of liberty in the Back Country. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Messrs. John Baker, George Mcintosh, Jonathan 
Bryan, John Girardeau, William Le Conte, Benjamin 
Andrew, Jonathan Cochrane, and Adam Treutlen took 
the following oath as Justices of the Quorum : 

I, A. B. do swear, that as Justice of the Peace for 

I will faithfully and impartially do 

equal right to the poor and to the rich, to the utmost 
of my power and ability. And that I will take nothing 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 129 

for my office of Justice of the Peace, but what is allowed 
by the laws of the Province; and I will not direct, nor 
cause to be directed any warrant, or precept (by me to 
me made) to the parties, but I will direct them to a lawful 
Constable or Constables to do execution thereof; and I 
will endeavor at all times to preserve the public peace, 
and maintain the Constitutional Authority of this Coun- 
try, as established by Congress. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, 17th May 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benj. Andrew. 

John Girardeau. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Cochrane. John Wereat. 

Jonathan Bryan. John Adam Treutlen. 

Mr. Andrew McLean waited on the Board and assured 
the Board, on his word of honor, that the letter sent by 
the Committee at Augusta was the very last he ever re- 
ceived from Mr. Alexander Cameron, and that since he 
signed the Association he never has kept up any corre- 
spondence with him^ or M' John Stewart, or any other 
professed enemy to America, 

Mr. John Hill presented a petition from the inhabitants 
of the Ceded Lands, requesting that another Troop of 
Horse might be raised for the defense of the back set- 
tlement. 

Ordered, that it be referred to the consideration of 
the Congress. 

9 r r— vol 1 



180 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council May 23d, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houstoun. 

Samuel Saltus. John Wereat. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Girardeau. 

Benjamin Andrew. Jonathan Cochrane. 
James Scriven. 

Mr. James Robertson and Mr. William Stephens laid 
before the Board a petition from James Butler and Mar- 
garet Crocker, which being read and considered it was 
ordered to be referred to the Congress. 

Read a letter from the Chief Justice, John Glen, Esqr., 
requesting that some person or persons may be appointed 
to procure the jury box now at Ebenezer, and also that 
the Court House might be cleaned and repaired, in order 
the Court of General Sessions may be held there. 

Ordered that Mr. John Wereat and Mr. James Jack- 
son do repair forthwith to Ebenezer for the said jury 
box, and that the Provost Marshal be directed to put the 
Court House in order. 

Messrs. Samuel Saltus, James Scriven and Adam Fow- 
ler Brisbane took the oath appointed, as Justices of the 
Quonun. 

Ordered, that orders be forthwith issued to Capt. 
Hardy to employ men and boats and to draught as many 
of the Militia as may be necessary in order to assist them 
in bringing the cannon, etc from Frederica. 

Andrew Elton Wells waited on the Board and took 
the oath appointed, as Justice of the Peace for the Parish 
of St. Philip; and also delivered insufld xy flc c OflntT 
which were ordered to be referred-tothe Congress. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 131 

At a meeting of the Council 28th May, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest Samuel Saltus. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Fowler Brisbane. 

James Scriven. Benjamin Andrew. 

Daniel Roberts. John Wereat. 

Mr. Daniel Roberts took his oath as one of the Jus- 
tices of the Quorum. 

Capt. Lee laid before the Board his account current, 
by which it appeared there is a balance of £158, 17s.- 
8 3/4d. due to him, but as there is no money at present 
in the treasury, it was agreed that the President should 
advance to him part of the same, till the meeting of 
Congress. 

Information being made that a quantity of goods be- 
longing to Mr. Robert Smith is now on board Captain 
Inglis, ordered that it be referred to the Parochial Com- 
mittee to secure the said goods for the use of the peo- 
ple of this Province. 

Mrs. Sybilla Neidlinger laid her account before the 
Board, amounting in the whole to £30, 3s., o d. 

Ordered, that his Excellency the President do dis- 
charge the same. 

Ordered, that letters be wrote to the several Parochial 
Committees throughout the Province, ordering them to 
collect the fines from non-associates. 



132 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council May 29th, 1776. 
Present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Samuel Saltus. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Girardeau. 

Daniel Roberts. James Scriven. 
John Wereat. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board the 
following receipts, viz. : 

Rec'd, Savannah, 23d May, 1776, of his Excellency 
the President, nine hundred pounds sterling, for the use 
of the Georgia Battalion. 

£900 Joseph Habersham, Major. 

Rec'd May 23d, 1776, of Arcd. Bulloch, on account 
of the public, three pounds, for my husband^s wages. 

Sarah Kirk. 

Rec'd May 28th, 1776, of his Excellency Archd. Bul- 
loch, Esqr., five pounds on account of the public, in part 
of my husband's wages. 

^ EuzB. Lang^ord. 

Rec'd May 23d, 1776, of his Excellency Archibd. Bul- 
loch, Esqr., the sum of eight pounds, on account of my 
husband, John Brown. 

^ Frances Brown. 

Rec'd May 29th, 1776, of his Excellency Archd. Bul- 
loch, Esqr., the sum of three pounds, ten shillings, for 
George Richardson, riding expenses. 

^ Frederick Rossburoh. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 133 

Ordered, that Mr. Ambrose Wright do deliver to the 
Cammanding Officer of the Battalion forty blankets for 
the use of the men. 

Whereas it is necessary that the Court House should 
be repaired and cleaned, that the Court of Session may be 
held there, ordered, therefore, that the Guard be moved 
from the said Court House to Mr. Hume's house, the 
late Attorney General, or any other house that may be 
agreeable to the gentlemen of the Battalion. 

Form of An Oath For Constables. 

You shall well and truly serve in the office of Constable 

for the Parish of for the year ensuing, 

or until you shall be lawfully discharged therefrom, or 
until another sliall be sworn in your place, you shall also 
well and truly do and execute all things belonging to 
the said office, according to the best of your skill and 
knowledge, and at all times do your utmost to support 
the Constitutional Authority of this Province, as estab- 
lished by Congress. So help me God. 



At a meeting of the Council, May 30th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. Samuel Saltus. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Danl. Roberts. ^^^^^ 

Jno. Bohun Girardeau. Benjn. Andrew. 

John Wereat. ' James Scriven. 

The President laid the following letters before the 
Board : 

Sir : — I received a note from Mr. Langworthy to de- 



134 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

sire the keys of Mr. Hume's house, as you had ordered 
it should be made use of as a Guard house during the 
sitting of the sessions. The house has received verj* 
great damage from the companies that have been in it 
(during the alarm), such as ripping down the whole of 
the paper, burning the chimney piece in the best room, 
etc. The Attorneys were just about fitting it up, for the 
recepticMi of a family, therefore would be very glad if 
some other house could be thought of, that might answei 
full as well, without the same inconveniences. 

I am sir, yours, etc., 

James Houstoun. 

Wednesday, 5 o'clock. 
His Excellency, Etc., to Doctor Houstoun : 

Sir: — I was this moment favored with yours of this 
date, in answer to a note received from Mr. LangAvorthy 
- -his request to you was in consequence of the unanimous 
opinion of the Council this morning and from which I 
cannot depart. I am sorry for any loss that individuals 
may sustain, but the public good must be considered. 



I am, etc., 



A. Bulloch. 



Savannah^ 29th May, 1776. 

To the Cotmnanding Officer of the Guard. 

Sir: — It was the unanimous opinion of the Council 
that Mr. Hume's house should be made use of as a guard- 
house, and upon application to Dr. James Houstoun for 
the keys, it seems there are none to be procured. You 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. ISi 

will, therefore, endeavor by the. best means in your power 
to enter the house and make use of it accordingly. 

A. Bulloch. 

His Excellency laid before the Board an order amount- 
to £14-0-0 due to Mrs. McFarlin, which it appeared 
he had paid ; also the following receipt : 

Received May 30th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, seven 
pounds, for going express to Charlestown on public 
service. 

his 
RODOLP X Strohager. 
mark. 

His Excellency paid Mrs. Neidlinger ten potmds in 
part of an account due to John Neidlinger, her husband, 
for acting as Sexton of this Parish. 

Received June 3d, 1776, of his Excellency Archd. Bul- 
loch, Esqr., the sum of fifty pounds, on account of the 
public. 

Thos. Lee. 

His Excellency paid Capt. Joseph Davlin thirty pounds 
in part of an account due to his volunteer company at 
Augusta. 



136 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

r 

At a meeting of the Council, June 5th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Bohun Girardeau. William LcConte. 

Jonathan Bryan. George Mcintosh. 
Benjn. Andrew. 

Ordered, that orders be forthwith issued to the com- 
manding officer of the First Regiment of Militia to 
draught and bring to town the several Companies in the 
Parish of Christ Church, and that they be in barracks. 



At a meeting of the Council June 8th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. George Mcintosh. 

Jno. Adam Treutlen. Benjn. Andrew. 

William Le Conte. John Wereat. 

Jonathan Cochrane. John Houstoun. 

Ordered, that orders do issue to Col. Baker to hire 
a number of negroes to finish in a more proper manner 
the intrenchments about Sunbury. 

That Col. Mcintosh do reinforce the present detach- 
ment now there with as many of the battalion as will 
make a company. 

That Capt. Saxton do draft one-half the Company of 
the District residing in or near the Town, and that he 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 137 

be directed to summon them to appear under arms every 
day, till the present alarm ceases, or the President and 
Council shall think proper to direct otherwise. 

Mrs. Ann Nichols presented a petition to the Board. 
Ordered that it be referred to the Congress. 

Ordered, that ^ quarter cask of rum be redelivered to 
Mrs. McKnight. 

Ordered, that Commissions be issued for the follow- 
ing gentlemen, viz. : John Fieri, as Captain ; Christopher 
Cramer, First Lieutenant; Jacob Ihle, Senr., Second 
Lieutenant; Christian Steiner, Third Lieutenant, of a 
company in the Lower District of the Parish of St. 
Matthew, Second Battalion in the First Regiment. 

Received, June the 8th, 1776, of Archibald Bulloch, 
seventy-eight pounds, sixteen shillings, for a hogshead 
of rum for the use of the public. 

James Gray. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a receipt in full 
for Capt. Davlin's account, the whole amounting to forty- 
five pounds, sixteen shillings. 

Received of Archd. Bulloch one hundred pounds, for 
Capt. Marbury's Troop of Horse. I say received this 
8th June, 1776, on account of the public. 

Jos. Walker. 

Received June loth, 1776, of Arclid. Bulloch, thirty 
pounds, on account of the public. 

Luke Mann. 

Ordered^ that a commission be issued for Mr. Patter- 
son, as Second Lieutenant of Capt. Cuthbert's Company. 



138 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council Tuesday, June ii, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Cochrane. Benj. Andrew. 

John Wereat. Dan'l Roberts. 
John Girardeau. 

Whereas, it appears that the men in Capt. Cuthbert's 
Company are dissatisfied with the return of a Lieutenant ; 
ordered, therefore, that orders be issued for a new elec- 
tion. 

Received, June nth, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., 
one hundred and fifty pounds, on account of the public. 

Wm. McIntosh. 

Received, June 13th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., 
three pounds, on account of the public. 

^ RODOLPH StrOHAGER. 

Received, 13th June, 1776, from his Excellency the 
President, the sum of twenty pounds, being an order 
from Major Habersham. 

^ John Holmes. 

Received, June 15th, 1776, of Archibald Bulloch, fifty 
two pounds, on account of the public. 

Thos. Lee. 

Received, Jmie 15th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, eighteen 
pounds, on account of the public, for Luke Mann, Com- 
missary. 

Sam'l. Miller. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 139 

At a meeting of the Council June i8, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Wereat. John. Cochrane. 

John Adam Treutlen. George Mcintosh. 

John Bryan. John Houstotm. 

John Girardeau. Adam Fowler Brisbane. 

His Excellency the President laid before this Board a 
letter from Jno. Rutledge, Esqr., informing us that Gen- 
eral Lee desired that we should send two of our Council 
to Charlestown, which being considered it was agreed to 
send Messrs. Jonathan Bryan and Houstoun, and also 
Colonel Lachlan Mcintosh. 

Daniel McMurphy, Francis Stringer and David Lewis 
waited on the Board and qualified as Justices of the 
Peace for the Parish of St. George. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 19th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. George Mcintosh. 
John Adam Treutlen. John Wereat. 

Jonathan Bryan. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Wm. LeConte. Benjamin Andrew. 

Mr. John Hill waited on the Board and took the test 
as lieutenant of the Troop of Horse. 

James Gold wire and Philip Howell, Esqrs., waited 



140 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

on the Board and qualified as Justices of the Peace for 
the Parish of St. Matthew. 

Wm. Jackson, Esq., waited on the Board and qualified 
as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Saint Paul. 

Capt. Woodruffe attended the Board and laid before 
them sundry papers and affidavits, respecting a vessel that 
arrived in Sapdo River, loaded with rum, sugar, osna- 
bergs, etc., that as the said sloop was registered at St. 
Augustine, he, the said Woodruffe took possession of 
the said vessel, etc. 

The Board taking the premises into consideration is- 
sued the following orders to Capt. Woodruffe. 

Sir: — You are hereby ordered immediately to dis- 
charge the sloop and schooner with their cargoes which 
you boarded in Sapelo River and brought round to Sun- 
bury, as also all hands and every other thing belonging 
to the said vessels. 

(Signed) A. Bulwch. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 20th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjamin Andrew. 
John Adam Treutlen. George Mcintosh. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Wereat. 
Jonathan Cochrane. Jonn. Bryan. 

Received, June 19th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, one hun- 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 141 

dred and fifteen pounds, being the sum he received from 
Captain Pooler for the use of the public. 

EwEN & O'Bryan, Treasurers. 

Ordered, that every man liable to bear arms shall do 
militia duty in the Parish, or District where he resides, 
unless he shall be enrolled in some volunteer company. 

Resolved, that orders be issued to Capt. Saxton at 
Sunbury, requiring him immediately to attend on this 
Board. 

Ordered, that the inhabitants of the Cherokee Hill 
District do militia duty in Capt. Richd. Wylly's com- 
pany. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
the following Memorandum : 

Please to let me have my orders in what manner I am 
to act in regard to vessels, as also in what manner I am 
to provide provisions for my people; and shall be glad 
your honor would impower to press a boat for the serv- 
ice of the country^ as occasion may require and if I am 
still to continue my station on Sutherland Bluff, and 
shall be glad your excellency would grant me something 
to show that I have done no more than my duty, as also 
an order to the keepers of the Goals to discharge the ne- 
groes at the public expense, and to the commissary at 
Sunbury for a supply of provisions to carry us home. 

The Board ordered the following to be delivered to 
Capt. Woodruffe. 

Savannah, June 20th, 1776. 

Sir : — ^The Council took into consideration this morn- 
ing the sundry matters mentioned in the memorandum 



142 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

you delivered to me, and am to inform you in the first 
place, that with regard to vessels you are to conduct 
yourself according to the resolves of Congress; and as 
to providing provisions for your people, it is the opinion 
of the Council, that when there are any detachments 
of men on duty, the commanding officer is to provide for 
them and make the same a public charge. 

The pressing a boat for service is already allowed by 
Congress; and you have no occasion to continue your 
station on Sutherland Bluff, as a party of the battalion 
are doing duty on the Altamaha. 

The expenses attending the negroes, to the time orders 
were delivered to you, will be paid, and you may be sup- 
plied by the commissary at Sunbury with necessary pro- 
visions to carry your men home which will be likewise 
defrayed. 

I am sir, your humble servant, 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Capt. Woodruffe. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved as Justices of the Peace for the Parish of St, 
Paul : John Walton, Robt. Rae, Wm. Goodgion, James 
Grierson, Saml. Jack, Jacob Beal, Charles Crawford, 
Henry Downs, Robert Hamilton and George Wells. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch, Esquire, President 
and Commander in Chief of the said Province. 

To any of the Constables of the Parish of St. George: 

Whereas, It has been represented to me, that not- 
withstanding orders were issued the thirteenth day of 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 143 

March last for the delivery of a parcel of negro slaves 
to Quintin Pooler, merchant of Savannah, which said 
negro slaves by a sufficient deed in the law were con- 
veyed to the Said Quintin Pooler by one William Mc- 
Daniel, yet it appears that John Green and William 
Chrfstie of Saint George's Parish, planters, disregarding 
the said orders, detain and keep in their possession the 
said negroes; therefore by and with the advice of the 
Council, I do hereby order and require the said John 
Green and William Christie to deliver the said negroes 
to you or any of you, that the said negroes may continue 
in the possession of Quintin Pooler, until it shall be de- 
termined otherwise by the laws agreeable to the Consti- 
tution of the Province. 

(Signed) A. Bui,U)CH. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved as Justices of the Peace for the Kiokee District : 
William Jackson, William Candler, Abraham Ayers, 
William Few, Junior, Edwd. Cartledge and Dionysius 
Wright. 



At a meeting of Council, June 21st, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jno. Adam Treutlen. 
Jonathan Bryan. ^^___JBcn jamin ^ 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonn. Cochrane. 
John Wereat. William LeContc. 

Geo. Mcintosh. 

Mr. John Jones waited on the Board and qualified as 
Justice of the Peace for the Town of Sunbury. 



144 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Ordered, that his Excellency the President do issue 
orders to Colonel Scriven in order to draught part of the 
militia to bring the cannon from Frederica. 

Capt. Miller and Mr. Jollie waited on the Board and 
were interrogated respecting some rice that Capt. Miller 
had sold to Mr. Jollie in East Florida, when it was the 
opinion of the Board that Mr. Jollie be detained in this 
Province, on his parole. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 25th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Adam Treutlen. 

John Bohun Girardeau. .Jonathan Cochrane. 
John Wereat. Wm. LeConte. 

Savannah, 24th June, 1776. Received of his Excel- 
lency Archibald Bulloch, Esq., five pounds, for the use 
of the Battery on Saltus' Island. 

W11.1.M. O'Bryan. 

Received, June 24th, 1776, of Archibald Bulloch, fifty 
pounds, on account of the public. 

Sam'i. E1.BERT, Lt. Col. 

_pf Archd. B ulloch, forty shillings, the balance 
of an account due from the public"; TTTsMJ of all demands. 

RiCHD. Kennedy. 

Received, June 24th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, fourteen 
shillings, on account of the public. 

Sam% Seeds. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 146 

Received, June 22d, 1776, the sum of nine shillings, 
on account of John Arnold. 

^ Lucy Tondee. 

Received, June 22d, 1776 of Archd. Bulloch, one 
pound, five shillings. 

^ Frederick Rossbergh. 

Ordered that commissions do issue for Mr. Stephen 
Dickenson, First Lieutenant; Mr. John Kell, Second 
Lieutenant, and Mr. John Lawspn, Jr. Third Lieutenant 
of a company of militia commanded by Captain Nathaniel 
Saxton. 

GEORGIA: 

By his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., President 
and Commander in Chief of th^ said Province. 

To Col. Sam'l Elbert: 

You are hereby dirtected to order all the out detach- 
ments of the Battalion to march without loss of time to 
headquarters at Savannah, and the Militia of the Parish 
where they are stationed are required to do duty in their 
room. 

(Signed) A. Buli^och. 

Ordered, that commissions do issue for Abraham 
Ravott, as Captain; Thomas Garnet, First Lieutenant; 
Daniel Howell, Second Lieutenant, and James Dell, 
Third Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia, Second Bat- 
talion First Regiment, Upper District of St. Matthew's 
Parish. 

10 r r— Tol 1 



146 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 26th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. William LeConte. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjn. Andrew. 

John Wereat. John Adam Treutlen. 
Jonathan Cochrane. 

Doctor Nathan Brownson waited on the Board, and 
took his seat in the room of Col. Baker. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board the 
Address of the Congress respecting those whose going at 
large is dangerous to the liberties of America, when the 
following list was proposed as containing persons of this 
character : 



Alexander Martin. 
John Douglass. 
John Hume. 
Andrew Johnson. 
Henry Preston. 
James Kitching. 
Willm. Read. 
John Patton. 
Thomas Johnson. 
Charles Wm. McKinen. 
Thomas Reid. 
Philip Yonge. 
William Lyford. 
Alexander Begby. 
Peter Edwards. 
George Kincaid. 
Nathaniel Hall. 
Philip Moore. 
Jno. B. Randell. 



James Spalding. 
Benj. Wilson. 
George Baillie. 
Thomas Netherclift. 
Alexd. McGoun. 
Robert Reid. 
James Mossman. 
Wm. Panton 
William Skinner. 
Francis Knowles. 
Samuel Douglas. 
Thomas Moody. 
Lewis Johnson, Junr. 
Joseph Farley. 
James Robertson. 
John Martin. 
William Thompson. 
John Jamieson. 
Edwd. Telfair. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 147 

Doctor Zubly. John Inglis. 

Andrew Hewat. John Foulis. 

Robert Porteous. 

The Council were of opinion that his Excellency should 
issue orders agreeable to the Resolve of Congress. 



At a meeting of the Council, July ist, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Wm. LeConte. 

John Adam Treutlen. John Girardeau. ' 

Benj. Andrew. Nathan Brownson. 

John Wereat. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Whereas it appears to this Board, that Doctor Zubly* 
and Mr. Edw. Telfair,* who were in custody, agreeable 
to a resolve of Congress, were improperly and illegally 
dismissed by the Chief Justice : It is therefore the opin- 
ion of this Board, that the said Dr. Zubly and Mr. Tel- 
fair be taken again into custody, until it shall otherwise 
be determined. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch, Esquire, President, 
Etc. 

To Major Thomas Ross: 

Sir: — You are hereby ordered and required to take 
into safe custody the bodies of Doctor Zubly and Edward 



*Bdw. Telfair was afterwards zealous in the cause of liberty and became 
Governor of the State. Doctor Zubly remained a royalist to the end, and his 
property was confiscated after the war. 



148 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Telfair (as their going at large will, it is thought, en- 
danger the public safety) and them safely keep until 
further orders, and for so doing this shall be your war- 
rant. 

(Signed) Archd. Bui^loch. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 2nd, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Adam Treutlen. Nathan Brownson. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Wereat. 

Jonathan Cochrane. William LeConte. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a letter from 
Lieutenant Colonel Mcintosh, which being considered, it 
was ordered, that no officer shall send any of the militia 
to East Florida to make reprisals without orders for that 
purpose from the President. That Colonel Scriven be 
ordered to support Lieutenant Colonel Mcintosh with a 
sufficient number of men to make a stand against the 
troops of Indians from Augustine. 

That Col. Mcintosh be ordered to make a stand with 
the men under his command at Satilla s, and if he cannot 
maintain his post there to retire to the Altamaha, etc. 

That Captains Marbury and Hovenden do leave a 
party of men, with a subaltern, to the westward, and 
with the rest of their men do join with and assist Col. 
Mcintosh. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 149 

proved of as Magistrates for the lower districts of Saint 
George's Parish, viz.: Nathaniel Miller, Thomas Bur- 
ton, Peter Shawn, Francis Hancock, William Lord, 
Henry Jones, Nathan Hooker, John Smith, Thomas 
Baulch, Mirick Davis and ye Rev. Josiah Lewis. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the District of Queens- 
borough, viz.: Daniel McMurphy, James Flyraing, 
Thomas Little, James Black, Thomas Lewis, Roger Law- 
son, Abraham Wammock and Charles Harvey. 

Ordered that commissions do issue for Jacob Tusing, 
as Captain; Matthias Rahn, First Lieutenant, and Cas- 
per Griener, Second Lieutenant of Bethany Company of 
Militia, the Second Battalion First Regiment. Also for 
Israel Bird, as Captain; Frederick Restar, First Lieu- 
tenant, and Joshua Stafford, Second Lieutenant, of a 
Militia Company in the Lower District in the Upper 
Division of Saint Philip's Parish. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the Parish of Saint Mat- 
thew : John Adam Treutlen, Philip Howell, James Gold- 
wire, John Stirk, Jacob Casper Waldhauer, Abraham 
Ravot, Daniel Bonnell, Benjn. Lanier, and John Goldwire. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the Parish of Saint John's : 
Benjamin Andrew, Samuel Saltus, Daniel Roberts, John 
Jones, Job Colcock, James Scriven, John Baker, Senr., 
Parmenas Way, John Mitchell, Samuel Miller, John San- 
diford, Gideon Dows and William Fox. 

Ordered, that commissions be issued for Francis Han- 
cock, as Captain; Charles Williams, First Lieutenant; 
James Red, Second Lieutenant; and Edward Weathers, 



150 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Third Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia in the Lower 
District of St. George's Parish, Fourth Battalion. 

That commissions be issued for John Dukart, as Cap- 
tain ; Thomas Lewis, First Lieutenant ; and Levi Emman- 
uel, as Second Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia in 
the Lower District of Saint George, etc. 



At a Council, July 5th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency Archibald Bulloch 
Jonathan Bryan. John Adam Treutlen. 

Daniel Roberts. John Girardeau. 

Benjamin Andrew. John Wereat. 

John Houstoun. William LeConte. 

Nathan Brownson. 

Ordered, that commissions be issued for Francis 
Stringer, as Captain; John Ryal, First Lieutenant; Wil- 
liam Godby, Second Lieutenant; and William Ryal, 
Third Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia in Lower 
District of St. George's Parish. 

That a commission be issued for Joseph Atkerson, as 
Captain of a Company of Militia in the Lower District 
of St. George's Parish, &c. 

Mr. Jonathan Bryan, John Houstoun and Col. Mc- 
intosh waited on the Board and reported what they had 
represented to General Lee relative to the state of the 
Provinces, which was as follows, viz. : 

The Deputies sent by desire of General Lee from the 
Colony of Georgia, to confer with him upon the state 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 161 

of that Colony, and the mode of putting it in the best 
posture of defense against all enemies, external and in- 
ternal, are of opinion. That it is evident that that Prov- 
ince is in a most weak and defenceless situation ; and be- 
sides that the intrinsic value of the lands, of other prop- 
erty in the Province, its situation as a frontier, fine inlets, 
harbours and rivers, and plenty of provision, makes it of 
the utmost consequence, perhaps equal to any other on the 
continent in the great Cause of America, that as it is not 
only liable to be attacked by sea on the east, in comnion 
with the other colonies, from the south and west by the 
garrisoned Province of the Floridas and the most numer- 
ous tribes of savages in America, and far less able than 
any of them to bear it. 



The Deputies sent from Georgia by desire of his Ex- 
cellency General Lee, to confer with him upon the state 
of that Colony, in order to devise the best method of 
putting it in a proper posture of defence, beg leave to 
represent. That from the Weak and defenceless situation 
of the Colony, surrounded as it is with enemies, it stands 
in immediate need of assistance from the General Con- 
gress, and when they consider that however small the 
Colony may be of itself, in a comparative point of view, 
yet that from- the great plenty of provisions, numerous 
stocks of cattle, excellent inlets, harbours and rivers 
(perhaps equal to any upon the Continent) with which 
the Colony abounds ; and, above all, the firm attachment 
of its inhabitants to the American Cause, they are led 
to trust that the protection and security of that Colony 
will be held an object of considerable importance. 

Not one of the thirteen United Colonies is so weak 
within, or so much exposed from without. To the east 
the inhabitants suffer the ravages of British cruisers, 
their negroes are daily inveigled and carried away from 



162 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

their plantations ; British fleets may be supplied with beef 
from several large islands, well stocked with cattle, which 
line their coasts and around which large ships may sail. 
To the south they have the Province of East Florida, 
the inhabitants and soldiery of which must of necessity 
make inroads upon Georgia for the article of provision 
with which they have been heretofore chiefly supplied. 
Georgia here stands as a barrier to South Carolina, and 
effectually secures that Province against like depreda- 
tions. The southern parts of Georgia contain vast stocks 
of cattle, and our most valuable rice plantations lie that 
way. By some late computations there are said to be up- 
wards of thirty thousand head of black cattle in the 
Province, and hogs without number. 

We have certain accounts of there being at this time 
upwards of one thousand British troops in Saint Augus- 
tine. To the west and almost down upon the Georgia 
line are the most numerous tribjcs of Indians now in 
North America, viz. : the Creeks, Cherokees, Choctaws, 
and a number of small tribes, in the whole at least 
15,000 gun men. All these nations have been much 
tampered with by the emissaries of Government, and 
without the utmost exertions of prudence on our side, 
it is feared may be brought to act against us. They are 
so situated as to make it extremely convenient for our 
enemies to supply them from East and West Florida 
with ammunition and everything that they want. Our 
last accounts from the Indians are rather unfavorable, 
and when we consider their natural principle of infidelity, 
and how much more able our enemies are to purchase 
their friendship by presents, &c., than we are, there 
seems to be the greatest reason to apprehend a rupture 
with them. In such a case the fate of Georgia may be 
easily conceived. Add to all these considerations the vast 
numbers of negroes we have, perhaps of themselves 
sufficient to subdue us. In point of number the blacks 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 153 

exceed the whites, and the ready channel of supply and 
secure retreat which Saint Augustine affords, render 
them much to be dreaded. 

The conquest of Georgia would be considered as a 
great acquisition by Great Britain. It is a most excellent 
provision country, abounds with ship-timber and lumber 
of all kinds, and is most conveniently situated for a place 
of rendezvous to their shipping. Under all these circum- 
stances, it must certainly appear indispensably necessary 
that measures be immediately taken for the defence and 
security of that Province ; but the low situation in point 
of means or ability of its inhabitants puts it out of their 
power to do it of themselves, more especially as they 
have been already put to a very great expense in conse- 
quence of the late descent upon them. The great object 
seems to be men, fortifications, and a good understanding 
with the Indians. We would, therefore, beg leave to 
propose : 

1st. That his Excellency General Lee be requested to 
state the peculiar situation of the Province of Georgia to 
the General Congress, and to obtain directions from 
them to raise and take into Continental pay so many 
men as may be conceived to be sufficient to defend the 
Province. (In our opinion less than six battalions will 
not answer the purpose.) But as we do not conceive 
any of these men can be recruited in Georgia, we would 
apprehend it full as eligible (if that can be done) to order 
some of the regiments already raised to march thither. 
And, further, that the four troops of horse already 
raised be augmented to a regiment and put upon the 
Continental Establishment. Part of these battalions and 
troops may be so stationed as to serve equally for the 
protection of Georgia and South Carolina against the 
Indians, and above all may entirely shut up the communi- 
cation between them and our enemies to the southward. 



164 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

which, in our opinion will be the most effectual means 
of preventing an Indian war. 

2d. That the sum of £ sterling be granted by 

the General Congress for building fortifications and 
guard boats in the Province of Georgia. The reason 
why we conceive this ought to be a general charge, is 
because it is evident the same will serve against attacks 
from the south and for cutting off the communication 
between East and West Florida and the Indians, upon 
which the peace of the back inhabitants of Georgia, 
South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia depends. 
Besides, it seems to be a part of the plan of Administra- 
tion to throw forces into the Indian country, where they 
expect to be joined by a considerable number of the 
savages, and in this event there is no Province or place 
thro' which they could so conveniently pass as thro' 
Georgia. 

3d. It is a fixed principle with the Indians to be paid 
for their good offices, and in this controversy we con- 
ceive they will expect to be well paid, even for neutrality. 
The articles they prefer will doubtless be ammunition 
and clothing, but these we have it it not in our power to 
give them. We would then propose cattle as a substitute, 
and are inclined to think, if the communication between 
them and our enemies were cut off, they would soon be 
brought to be well satisfied with a present of this kind. 
It is, therefore, submitted to the General Congress whether 
it would not be worth while to give direction that 

head of cattle be purchased and distributed 

among the Indians by the Commissioners. We are of 
opinion this step would answer many valuable purposes, 
and would have a tendency not only of attaching them to 
our interest from gratitude, but would also be a means 
of civilizing them, and by fixing the idea of property 
would keep them honest and peaceable with us for fear 
of reprisals. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 156 

At a meeting of the Council, July 7th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Wm. LeConte. 

Archibald Bulloch. John Wereat. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Benjamin Andrew. 

Jonn. Bryan. Jonathan Cochrane. 
Daniel Roberts. 

His Excellency the President, laid before the Board 
several letters and affidavits received per express from 
Augusta, containing a most alarming account of the In- 
dians, breaking out, killing some carrying others off 
as prisoners; upon mature consideration thereon, it was 
agreed, that his Excellency should issue his orders to the 
several field officers throughout the Province to hold 
themselves in readiness to march where the service 
might require, and to write to Col. Rae and Capt. Mar- 
bury. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a receipt of ten 
pounds, being cash he had paid to Mr. Edgcombe. 



156 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council, July 8th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonn. Cochrane. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Willm. LeConte. 

Jonathan Bryan. Benjamin Andrew. 

Daniel Roberts. John Wereat. 

His Excellency laid before the Board sundry dis- 
patches from Col. Rae, and Capt. Marbury, which being 
considered, ordered, that a letter be sent to Col. Rae to 
inform him that a bench warrant is out against Col. 
George Wells, which if he does not pay obedience to, he 
must support the same with a draught from his Regi- 
ment and that the Committee of which he is chairman is 
to be considered as the only Committee of that District, 
that a letter be also wrote to Sherwood Bugg, chairman 
of the pretended Committee forbidding him to assume the 
powers of a committee, etc. 

The inhabitants of Queensborough presented a peti- 
tion to the Board for a supply of ammunition. 

Ordered That fifty ix>unds weight gunpowder and 
one hundred weight lead be allowed to them accordingly. 

Ordered, also two hundred weight gun powder and 
five hundred weight lead be delivered to Col. Rae for 
the District of Augusta, etc. 

Mr. William Belcher waited on the Board and quali- 
fiied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Saint 
Philip, and also took the test appointed for all the male 
inhabitants of this Province. 

He also informed the Board of sundry dangerous 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 157 

practices of William Love and Charles Hall of St. 
Philip's Parish. 

OttDTSKED, that his Excellency do issue orders to ap- 
prehend the said William Love and Charles Hall, and 
that Col. Mcintosh be requested to send a detachment 
from the Battalion for that purpose. 

That orders issue to take the arms at Mr. Montague's 
and Mr. Harris's, and also the swivels on board the brig 
at Sapalo River and two two pounders at Mr. Baillies. 

It was agreed to issue the following order to Quintin 
Pooler. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd, Bulloch, Esqr., Etc. 

To Qmntin Pooler of Scei^nnak, Esqr. 

You are hereby required and commanded to yield and 
deliver up to Thomas Burton, Esquire, of the Parish of 
St. George, all and singular the negroes, which you shall 
have in your possession, belonging to the estate of Wil- 
liam McDaniel late of the same place, planter, deceased, 
or which were in his possession at the time of his death, 
and have been since taken into your custody, particularly 
certain negro slaves, which you lately took into your 
custody under claim of a certain deed. The said Thomas 
Burton being appointed Executor for the time, and until 
it shall appear who is entitled to the administration of 
the estate of the said deceased — ^hereof fail not. Given 
under my hand, etc. 



158 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

PROVINCE OF GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., Etc., Etc. 

To Thomas Burton, of Saint George's Parish, in the 
Province Aforesaid, Esqr. 

Whereas, William McDaniel, late of the same Parish 
and Province, planter, deceased, was in his life time, 
and at the time of his death, as it has been represented 
unto us, possessed of divers negroes and other personal 
estate to a considerable amount. And, whereas, in con- 
sequence of the late distracted situation of this Province 
the Courts of Ordinary, as well as all other Courts were 
entirely shut, by reason whereof, no will could be proved, 
or letters of administration of the said estate granted 
to any person whatsoever; and, whereas, it has been sug- 
gested unto us, that the estate of the said deceased hath 
been much injured and some parts thereof carried away 
from the plantation of the said deceased, whereby those 
entitled thereto may be considerable losers. Wherefore 
I have thought proper, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the honorable the Council of Safety, to appoint 
you, and you are hereby aj^winted Executor for the time 
of the aforesaid estate. And you are directed to collect 
and gather together all and singular the personal estate 
of the said deceased, and to keep the same in and upon 
the plantation of the said deceased in the best order and 
condition and to take care that no damage happen there- 
to. And all persons whatsoever are hereby required 
to yield and deliver up to you whatever part of the said 
estate they shall have in their hands, for all which, this 
shall he your warrant. This appointment to continue 
until my further order. 

Given under my hand and seal at Savannali, this eighth 
day of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy 
six. 




JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 159 

At a meeting of the Council, July 9th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Wm. LeConte. 

Benj. Andrew. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Houstoun. Dan*l Roberts. 

His Excellency laid before the Board sundry letters 
from Col. Candler and others respecting the Indians. 
Ordered, that similar orders be sent to Col. Candler as 
was sent to Col. Rae yesterday. 

The district of Little Ogechee made a return of officers 
that were elected the 8th inst, vi^. : Stephen Dean, 
Esqr., Captain; Charles Odingsell, First Lieutenant; 
Benjamin Farley, Second Lieutenant; and David Fox, 
Third Lieutenant, and commissions were ordered for 
them accordingly. 

The following was received from the prisoners now in 
confinement : 

The gentlemen confined at Mr. Mossman's house by 
order of your Excellency, having been informed that the 
Congress has left it to you to grant them such allowance 
as you may think sufficient for their support, request 
that you will please to take the same under consideration 
and give your orders accordingly. 

It was the opinion of the Council that the prisoners 
should only be allowed the rations, as the Militia of ye 
Province. 

Ordered, that fifty weight of gunpowder and one 
himdred weight of lead be delivered to Col. Candler, 
for the use of the back settlements. 



160 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Capt. James McFarland qualified as Justice of the 
Peace for the District of Wrightsborough. 

Barnard Herd, Esqr., qualified for the Middle Dis- 
trict, Ceded Lands. 



At a meeting of the Council, July ii** 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. 
John Wereat. Benjn. Andrew. 

Wm. LeConte. Dan'l Roberts. 

Jonathan Cochrane. John Bohun Girardeau. 

Jonathan Bryan. 

Ordered, that Mr. Kelly's bill be paid, amounting to 
one pound, three shillings and six pence, for bringing a 
deserter to Savannah, lately from- Saint Augustine, and 
also fourteen shillings expended during his stay in Sa- 
vannah. 

Mr. Kelly desired of the Board to have leave to make 
reprisals on the Province of East Florida, for depreda- 
tions they have made on this Colony, and to have a com- 
mission for that purpose, which was granted him. 

Ordered^ that commissions be issued for Joseph Far- 
ley, Junr., as Second Lieutenant, and James Alexander, 
Third Lieutenant of the volunteer company of Militia 
commanded by Capt. John Martin. 

Capt. Lee waited on the Board and made application 
for a boat which was granted him; also, it was agreed 
that he should enlist men, giving them the same bounty 
as he was heretofore allowed, provided they enlisted for 
the space of eighteen months. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 161 

That a line be wrote to Mr. James Butler, informing 
that he may repair the Ogeechee causeway, and that it 
will be allowed in ye public work. 

That an order be issued to Mr. Shem Butler to permit 
Mr. Croker to have the use of his late father's house, &c 

Orders, that Mr. Wright do deliver to Mr. Jonathan 
Bryan one dozen Romal handkerchiefs for Indians, and 
that Mr. Martin do also deliver fifty weight of bullets, 
etc. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board a 
letter from Mr. James Robertson respecting his con- 
finement. Ordered, that the commanding officer of the 
guard be directed to give him his enlargement. 

Samuel Livingston laid before the Board an account, 
amounting to four pounds, sixteen shillings, which v*ras 
ordered payment. 

Mr. Thomas Johnston presented a petition to the 
Board, which being read and considered, ordered, that 
Mr. Johnston remain as a prisoner at Mr. Mossman's, 
where he now is. 

Mr. John Inglis' letter being considered, it was agreed 
that orders should be issued for his enlargement, and 
also for the enlargement of Benjamin Wilson. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
simdry letters, and a petition from Sherwood Bugg, as 
Chairman of Committee at Augusta, which being read 
and considered, it was the opinion of the Board that they 
could have nothing to do with Sherwood Bugg, as 
Chairman, and therefore laid aside the petition, &a 

11 r r-vol 1 



162 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

[ '. ' "^ i ' ' ' 

At a meeting of the Council, July i6th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. 
Jonathan Cochrane. Wm. LeConte. 

Jonathan Bryan. John Houstoun. 

John Girardeau. Daniel Roberts. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. 

His Excellency proposed to the Board the purchase 
of some indigo from Mr. Lavien, for the purpose of 
procuring arms and ammunition on the risque of the 
Province, and that" it should he paid for in Carolina or 
Continental currency, which was agreed to. 

Mr. Houston represented some matters to the Board 
respecting Mr. Shem^ Butler and Mrs. Croker, which 
being considered, it was ordered that Mrs. Croker do 
attend the Board on Friday morning next. 

Mr. George Baillie presented a petition to the Board 
requesting that he might be indulged so as to be removed 
from Mr. Mossman's house to his own, as it can make 
no material difference, if he is confined therein, which 
was granted him. 

Ordered, that his Excellency the President, Mr. 
Cochrane and Mr. Girardeau be a secret committee for 
the purpose of bringing arms and ammunition into the 
Province on the risque of the public. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 168 

At a meeting of the Council, July 19th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjamin Andrew. 

Jonathan Bryan. Willm. LeConte. 

Thomas Ross, Esqr., waited on the Board and quali- 
fied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Christ 
Church. 

The Board being- informed that Mr. Quintin Pooler 
refused to obey their orders by keeping in his possession 
the negroes that lately belonged to Mr. Willm. Mc- 
Daniel, deceased; it was their opinion that orders do 
issue to apprehend and take into safe custody the said 
Quintin Pooler. 

That the officers taken prisoners be not permitted 
to go at large on their parole, but that a genteel lodging 
be provided for them with a guard. 

Mr. Shem Butler and Mrs. Croker waited on the 
Board and made representation of their affair, which 
being considered it was the opinion of the Board, that 
Mrs. Croker be permitted to reside at Rosedew Planta- 
tion, but that she do not tamper with the negroes and 
have nothing to do with plantation business and give 
security to that purpose, and that James Butler and Dr. 
Younge be not admitted on the plantation. 

Ordered that the following gentlemen, viz.: Nathl. 
Adams, George Houstoun, Doctor Jones, David Fisher, 
and John Houstoun, be appointed Commissioners of the 



164 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

White Bluff Road, and that they be served with a copy 
of this order. 

Mr. William O'Brien waited on the Board, and quali- 
fied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Christ 
Church. Also William Stephens, Esqn, qualified as Jus- 
tice of the Quorum. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., President 
and Commander in Chief of the said Province, in 
CotmciL 

To the Provost Marshal of the said Province, Greeting: 

Whereas, Quintin Pooler of Savannah, in the said 
Province, gentleman, hath not only refused to comply 
with the orders issued from this Board, sitting and act- 
ing agreeable to the Constitution of the said Province; 
but hath also been guilty of a contempt of the said Board. 

These are therefore to command and require you the 
said Province Marshal without delay to take into your 
custody the body of the said Quintin Pooler, and him 
safely detain in close confinement, until he shall be there- 
from discharged by orders issued from me in Council. 
For which this shall be your warrant. 

Given under my hand and seal in Council, this nine- 
teenth day of July, 1776. 

(Signed) Arch. Bui<ix)Ch. 
GEORGIA : 
By His Excellency, Etc, 
To the Provost Marshal, Etc. 

Whereas, Quintin Pooler of Savannah, in the said 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 166 

Province, Gentleman, hath taken into his possession and 
secreted sundry negroes belonging to the estate of Wil- 
liam McDaniel, deceased. These are therefore to com- 
mand and require you the said Provost Marshal to make 
diligent search after the said negroes, and to take the 
same and deliver them into the hands of Mr. Thomas 
Burton of the Parish of Saint George; for which this 
shall be your warrant. 

Given under my hand and seal, etc. 

(Signed) Archd. Bui^loch. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 25th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Nathan Brownson. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Daniel Roberts. 

Benjamin Andrew. Wm. LeConte. 

Mr. Robert Hamilton waited on the Board and repre- 
sented sundry matters respecting the Town and District 
of Augusta, and requested liberty for the said Town and 
District to elect a new Parochial Committee; when it 
was the opinion of the Board, that all the Parishes and 
Districts within this Province be ordered, at the same 
time they choose Delegates, to elect new Parochial Com- 
mittees: He also requested an order that the Com- 
mander of the Militia should take possession of Mr. 
Gordon's Fort, and also make representation of some 
goods in possession of Capt. Manson, which being con- 
sidered, it was thought proper to defer the same till fur- 
ther inquiry. 



166 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Mr. Robert Hamilton qualified as Justice of the Peace 
for the Parish of Saint Paul. 

Capt. Daniel Roberts laid before the Board sundry ac- 
counts against the public of Capt. Nathl. Saxton, which, 
being- examined, were ordered payment. 

It was the opinion of the Board that orders should be 
immediately issued to take into possession all the goods 
that may be found secreted on Savannah River, or in any 
stores whatever in the Province. 

Mr. Thomas Burton presented a petition to the Board, 
and Col. Stirk being sent for in consequence thereof, 
exculpated himself from some charges against him. It 
was ordered that Col. Stirk do assist the Provost Marshal 
in taking Quintin Pooler and the negroes belonging to 
the estate of Mr. McDaniel. 

Nathan Brownson, Esqr., qualified as Justice of the 
Quorum for the Province of Georgia. 

Mr. John Houstoun and Mr. William Stephens at- 
tended on the Board as counsel concerned for Mr. Shem 
Butler and James Butler, and oath of James Hamilton 
Casey, being read and the substance thereof debated, it 
was the opinion of the Board that a warrant do issue to 
take into custody the bodies of James Butler and Doctor 
Charles Yonge, and to bring them before this Board. 

Ordered^ that James Maxwell, David Huguine, James 
Butler, James Mackay, John Hem, Benjamin Stiles and 
Adam Fowler Brisbine be Commissioners of the Road 
for the Parish of Saint Philip. 

Mrs. Wereat presented a petition to the Board inform- 
ing of an advertisement for the sale of the plantation 
and negroes belonging to James Hume, Esqr., and that 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 167 

the said James Hume was greatly indebted to her hus- 
band, and therefore requests that the sale might . be 
stopped. Ordered, that the said sale be stopped, and all 
others of the like kind. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 26th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Nathan B^o^ynson. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Willm. LeConte. 

John Houstoun. Daniel Roberts. 

Benjamin Andrew. Jonn. Bryan. 

Ordered, that William O'Brien and Thomas Ross, 
Esqrs., do take a Constable or Constables with them and 
proceed 'round the Town of Savannah and tender the 
Test, ordered by our Provincial Congress, to all the 
male inhabitants of the said Town, and those who refuse 
to take the said Test, they are immediately to commit to 
safe custody, agreeable to the Resolve of Congress. 

Ordered, that Mr. Wm. LeConte and Mr. Jonathan 
Bryan be a committee to raise the scout boat. 

Philip Dell presented a petition to the Board request- 
ing leave to go to Saint Augustine in order to seek after 
his son, supposed to be in confinement there. Ordered, 
that Philip Dell have permission accordingly. 

Mr. John Stewart qualified as Justice of the Peace for 
the Parish of Saint Paul. 

Mr. William Connell was appointed Adjutant of the 
Battalion of Militia commanded by Col. Jones. 



168 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council, Savannah, July 30th, 
1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. William LeConte. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. 

Daniel Roberts. Samuel Saltus. 

Ordered^ that commissions do issue for Daniel Bun- 
nell, as Captain, Robert Dixon, First Lieutenant, and 
Thomas Mills, second Lieutenant of a Company of Mili- 
tia in the Upper District of Saint Matthew's Parish, 2d 
Battalion, ist Regiment. 

Ordered, that Col. Mcintosh, Col. Scriven, Capt. 
Baker and Capt. Woodruffe be recommended to go as 
volunteers on an expedition to East Florida, and that 
his Excellency do issue orders accordingly. 

Messrs. James Butler and Charles Younge presented a 
petition to the Board requesting to be heard by the Board, 
by themselves or their counsel. 

James Whitefield, Esqr., was appointed Register of 
Probate. 

Whereas, it has been represented to this Board that 
the public papers belonging to the Secretary's office at 
Ebenezer may receive damage; it is, therefore, thought 
necessary to depute James Whitefield, Esqr., to bring the 
same to Savannah, and that he take them in charge, giv- 
ing any person leave to examine the said papers, they 
paying such fees as were usually paid to the Secretary 
of the Province. 

Dr. James Dunwoodie was chosen member of this 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 169 

Board in the room of John Wereat, Esqr., who is ab- 
sent. 

Mr. Douglass waited on the Board and represented 
that Capt. Wm. Bryan had taken, among the things at 
his plantation, some nails, hoes, &c. Ordered, that such 
necessaries as shall appear to be designed for Mr. Doug- 
lass' private use, be re-delivered to him. 

Ordered, that a commission do issue for Mr. John 
Stewart, as Lieutenant of the Troop of Horse com- 
manded by Capt. Hovenden. 

Mr. Andrew requested for an order of one hundred 
pounds, in part of an account, for erecting a battery in 
the Town of Sunbury, which was granted. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 31st, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Samuel Saltus. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. William LeConte. 

Benjamin Andrew. John Houstoun. 

Mr. Hazard waited on the Board and made claim to a 
negro wench and two children lately taken near Wright's 
Fort, which being considered, it was the opinion of the 
Board that she and her children could not be sold, but 
that the other negroes taken with her should Idc sold at 
vendue by Mr. Jacobs. 

Mr. Br}'^an laid an account before the Board for hire 
of negroes, &c., which was ordered payment. 



170 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Sundry accounts were also ordered payment, being 
wages for the boat of observation. 



At a meeting of the Council, August ist, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Samuel Saltus, 

Benjamin Andrew. Colonel Scriven. 
William LeConte. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
his account current with the public, which being exam- 
ined, it appeared that the sum of thirteen pounds four- 
teen shillings and seven pence was the balance due to His 
Excellency. . 

Received August ist, 1776, of His Excellency, Archi- 
bald Bulloch, Esquire, the sum of two thousand six 
hundred and twenty-eight pounds fourteen shillings and 
seven pence in full of all demands due to the public. By 
order of the Council. 

Edwd. Langworthy^ Secretary. 

Whereas^ It appears by the estimate of Congress, ' 
that the sum of one thousand pounds w^s provided in 
order to enable His Excellency the President and Coun- 
cil to stop up the back river; and, whereas, upon enquiry 
it is found that the said service is impracticable ; and it 
having been represented to Council, that the Congress 
have not voted a sum sufficient for the contingent ex- 
penses of government. The Coiuicil, therefore, resolve 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 171 

that the Treasurers do pay out of the said sum of one 
thousand pounds provided for the stoppage of the back 
river, any sums of money for the puWic service that may 
be ordered by His Excellency the President in Council, 
and that we will indemnify the Treasurers for 90 doing. 
Mr. Strothers applied for leave to pass through the 
Creek Nation in order to go to the Mississippi, promis- 
ing to use his influence with the Creeks, and to give 
security of his return ; it was the opinion of the Board 
that he be permitted agreeable to his request. 

Mr. James Butler and Doctor Charles Younge appeared 
before this Board with their counsel, in order to clear 
themselves of an accusation, respecting the contempt 
thereof, and being heard, it was the opinion of the Board, 
they should be dismissed, first taking the following oath : 

GEORGIA— ss. : 

James Butler and Charles Younge of the Province 
aforesaid, made oath and say that they have not, nor 
hath either of them said, or done anything mentioned in 
the affidavit of James Hamilton Casey, and Shem But- 
ler, which they meant or intended as any contempt or 
reflection, upon the proceedings of the President and 
Coimcil of this Province, and that they had no notice of 
the orders of this Board, requiring them to keep away 
from Rosedew Plantation. 

(Signed) James Butler. 

Charles Younge. 

Mr. James Butler was forbid to go on Rosedew Planta- 
tion, and Dr. Charles Younge promised not to go, but 
as a physician to the family, and then not to intermeddle 
with the affairs of the plantation. 



172 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Janies Whitefield, Esqr., waited on the Board and 
qualified as Register of Probates, and also as Justice of 
the Peace for the Parish of Christ Church. 

Mr. James Robertson represented to the Board that 
sundry household goods at Mr. Hume's plantation would 
receive damage and be destroyed, and therefore requested 
leave to sell the same. It was the opinion of the Board 
that Mr. Robertson have permission to sell the said 
goods, but to be accountable to this Board for the amount 
thereof, if required hereafter. 

Savannah^ Aug. ist, 1776. 

Genti<emen: — I herewith send you a copy of what 
passed in Council this morning. There are notes to the 
amount of sixteen hundred pounds that have been ex- 
pended mostly on account of the Battalion and Troops 
of Horse. What monies are deficient to take up these 
notes, you are to pay out of the thousand pounds, pro- 
vided for the stoppage of the back river, as expressed in 
the copy I have now sent you, and the overplus is ap- 
propriated to contingent services. 

I am, sir, yours etc, 

Edwd. Langworthy. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 173 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Aug. 2d, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. William LeConte. 

John Bohun Girardeau. James Scriven. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. 

Benjn. Andrew. Samuel Saltus. 

Ordered^ that the Light Infantry and Grenadier Com- 
pany be discharged from doing duty in the Town of 
Savannah. 

Ordered, that the Treasurers do pay to Mrs. Frances 
Brown, Sarah Kirk and Elizabeth Langford the sum of 
five pounds each. 

Jacob Jacobs presented an account to the Board, when 
it was their opinion that he could not bje paid his charge, 
as Clerk of the Battalion. 

His Excellency represented to the Board the great 
want of guards on several rivers and inlets in this Prov- 
ince. Ordered, that Col. Mcintosh do send detachments 
of his battalion to Ogeechee and Skidaway. 

Ordered, that such merchants as have any goods still 
remaining in store, be forthwith directed to dispose of 
the same for the use of the public. 



174 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Aug. 8th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Samuel Saltus. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Daniel Roberts. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Bryan. 

Benjamin Andrew. John Houstotm. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from the 
Honorable John Hancock, Esqr., together with a copy 
of the Declaration of Independency, which being read it 
was agreed that it be proclaimed in this Town on Satur- 
day next at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, and that or- 
ders do issue to the Commanding Officers of the Militia 
to assemble the people accordingly. 

Mr. Thomas Young presented a petition to the Board 
setting forth that when he was last at Saint Augustine 
he purchased a quantity of goods from one Archibald 
Lundy and that he now stands actually engaged for the 
payment of the said goods to the amount of upwards of 
three thousand five hundred pounds sterling, etc. 

GEORGIA: 

To His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, Presi- 
dent, and to the Members of the HonbL the Council 
for the Province aforesaid. 

The Memorial and Presentation of Thomas Young of 
the said Province. 

Showeth : — That your memorialist sometime ago 
was applied to by a secret Committee appointed by your 
Board to procure from the neighboring Province some 
articles of clothing and other necessaries for the use of 
the Battalion in this Province. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 175 

That when your Memorialist went to Saint Augustine 
for the said purpose, he discovered that one Archibald 
Lundy had considerable stock of goods lying in this 
Province, imported within the continental regulations, 
but unknown to any but tho^e concerned in the care of 
said goods. 

That the said Arch. Lundy was not disposed to retail 
the said goods in this Province, under the present situa- 
tion of things, but seemed determined by some means or 
other to sell them off by wholesale. 

That your Memorialist conceive that such a stock of 
goods would be of infinite service to the inhabitants of 
this Province, and that in consequence of the present 
urgent demand for goods, they would turn out to good 
account to any person who should purchase them, and 
therefore concluded a bargain with the said Arch. Limdy 
for the whole of said goods. 

That your Memorialist avers he did not know of the 
said goods till after he went to Saint Augustine, and 
that the bargain of agreement between him and Limdy 
was fairly and bona-fide made. And that your Memo- 
ralist now stands actually engaged for the payment of 
the said goods to the amount of upwards of three thou- 
sand five hundred pounds sterling. ^ 

That your Memoralist begs leave to suggest that he 
conceived the faith of th^ Province pledged to him and 
all others, who should bring in for sale to this Province 
any sort of goods not prohibited by the Association and 
other resolve of Congress. And further that at this time 
when we are striking out a new channel of Trade and our 
distresses for goods already become great, he appre- 
hends every indulgence ought to be shown to the mer- 
chants and property in trade held the most sacred of all 
property. 



176 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

That your Memoralis^ now finds, that the said goods 
are by order of your Honorable Board seized and taken 
into custody. 

That your Memoralist is led to believe this must have 
been done imder an idea that they were the goods of 
Lundy, or one Taylor (who acted for Lundy), but this 
he begs leave to assure Your Excellency is not the case 
— ^he having as before set forth actually purchased them, 
and the property vested in him- 

That your Memoralist begs leave to assure Your Ex- 
cellency and Honors that he purchased the said goods 
with a full intention of selling them in this Province, 
and had no view of anything clandestine, or unbecoming 
the merchant and fair dealer, and will now pledge him- 
self, that should the said goods be returned to him he 
will dispose of them all within the Province, and will in 
the first place let Your Excellency and Honors have 
whatever necessaries may be thought wanting for the 
public service. 

Your Memoralist therefore, under the particular cir- 
cumstances of the case, and as it must appear that the 
said order was founded upon a mistake, as to the prop- 
erty of the said goods, prays that there may be an order 
from your Honorable Board for the redelivery to him of 
all the said goods, wares and merchandise. 

And your Memoralist, etc. 

Ordered, that the goods be still retained in possession 
of the Commissary and sold by him to the people, and 
that this Board will be answerable to Mr. Lundy for the 
amount of the goods that come into their hands. 

Ordered, that the Declaration of Independency be 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 177 

read at the Assembly House, Liberty Pole and the Bat- 
tery. 

Ordered, that Mr. Thomas Reid be directed to bring 
his goods to Savannah and to sell them to the inhabi- 
tants. 

Mrs. Ann Cuthbert presented a petition to the Board, 
setting forth, that very lately some person, or persons, 
without leave of your petitioner, have taken upon them 
to cut a new road to Newington, in order to make that 
road somewhat shorter than the old road, though it will 
be very prejudicial to the owners of the forty-five acre 
lots in general and particularly so to your petitioner, as 
it runs through the best of her land; that the old road 
runs on the line of the said lots and consequently doth 
very little damage. 

Ordered, that Messrs. William Gibbons, Noble Wimb. 
Jones, Edward Telfair and John Joachim Zubly be sum- 
moned to attend this Board on Monday morning next, 
in order to explain the premises of the above petition. 

Ordered, that no person in the Town and District of 
Savannah, shall be permitted to retail spirituous Liquors 
without a proper license. 

Ordered^ that a proclamation do issue forbidding all 
persons from selling any goods, etc., on the Sabbath day, 
and that the Magistrates do use their utmost endeavors 
to prevent all irregularities and profaneness. 

12 r i^vol 1 



178 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 9th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Houstoun. 

John Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. 

Benjamin Andrew. Jonathan Bryan. 

Thomas Young, Esqr., waited on the Board and re- 
quested that his affairs respecting the goods of Mr. 
Archibald Lundy might be reconsidered, when it was 
the determination of the Board, that it be referred to the 
consideration of the next Congress. 

Capt. Roberts, Messrs. Girardeau and Saltus being ap- 
pointed a Committee to agree with some gentlemen about 
loading, etc., some vessels for the service of the public, 
reported that they had, agreeable to orders, met at Mr. 
Lavien's; that they agreed with Mr. Philip Moore on 
the following terms, viz. : That he should have one-half 
penny per pound freight on Indigo and ten pounds per 
cent commissions for buying and selling. That the pub- 
lic should guarantee the vessel against the weather, in 
proportion to what they ventured in her, and as Mr. 
Moore's vessel runs no risque, the Cc«nmittee recom- 
mended that two thousand pounds be ventured in her, 
which was agreed to. They also report that Mr. Ratoone 
offers his vessel to the public; that she is upwards of 
seventy ton burden, well built, rigged and fit for sea, and 
that he asks for her no more than two hundred and sixty 
five pounds. 

They also recommended that this vessel be purchased 
and that Commissioners be appointed to procure a load 
of rice for her, and send her off — ^and that Messrs. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 179 

Thomas Maxwell, Senr., John Winn, Senr., and John 
Kell be Commissioners for that purpose — which being 
considered, it met with the approbation of the Board. 

Orders were issued that Mr. Edward Telfair have 
permission and authority to take any quantity of pitch 
pine plank, that may be upon Mr. Rae's wharf, or else- 
where in and about Savannah, for the purpose of build- 
ing a galley, and that he be obliged to take a sworn 
measurer to take an account of it previous to a removal, 
and pay the proprietors, at the rates and prices of such 
plant, heretofore used for the public service. - 

It was the determination of the Board, that the goods 
belonging to Archibald Lundy and claimed by Mr. Thos. 
Young, be sold by the Commissary at £75 per cent. 



At a meeting of the Council, 19th August, 1776. 
Present : 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. 

Jonathan Cochrane. Saml. Saltus. 

John Houstoun. Wm. LeConte. 

Jonathan Bryan. Nathan Brownson. 

Gen. Lee waited on the Board and proposed the fol- 
lowing Question for consideration : 

First — Whether as the Post on St. Mary's is now 
abandoned and the whole country between that river and 
Saint John's broke up, and as there is no possibility of 
transporting cannon, ammunition, provisions, or collect- 



180 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

ing a sufficient number of men for the Siege and rcduc^ 
tion of Augustine, an irruption into East Florida can be 
productive of so important advantages to the general 
cause, or to this State of Georgia in particular, as to 
compensate for the trouble and expense ; and what these 
advantages are? 

What are the means of certainly supplying the troops 
with grain and meat ? How their baggage is to be trans- 
ported. Whether it can be safely transported by water? 

If it cannot, whether wagons can pass, if the road is 
practicable only to horses, how pack saddles are to be 
provided ? 

Ordered, that Messrs. Jonathan Bryan and Nathan 
Brownson be a Committee to answer the questions pro- 
posed by Gen. Lee. 

Sir: — The Council having taken into consideration 
your Excellency's questions, this day laid before them, 
are clearly of the opinion that an irruption into the Prov- 
ince of East Florida will be attended with the most salu- 
tary consequences to this Province and, of course, render 
service to the whole Continent. The reasons which 
weigh with them are as follows : 

First — That they conceive the reduction of St. Augus- 
tine to be a very considerable object with the Continent 
in general, but to this Province in particular. 

Second — They are led to hope that if the whole coim- 
try around is ravaged, the cattle on the east side of Saint 
John's drove off and the inhabitants obliged to evacuate 
their plantations and fly into the Castle, ^he scarcity of 
provisions and the want of fresh supplies of many arti- 
cles from the coimtry will of itself oblige the Garrison 
to submit to our arms. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 181 

Third — That supposing this last consequence not to 
happen, yet the driving our enemies so far from our 
country will be of infinite advantage — in this that it will 
be a means of preventing the -loss of negroes, either by 
desertion or otherwise by land. 

Fourth — That the country bieing in our possession 
will, not only from principles of dread, attach the Indians ' 
to our interest, but will also put it in our power to pre- 
vent our enemies from holding any intercourse with these 
savages, or having any opportunity to tamper with them, 
or supply or stir them up against us. And we conceive 
that after the Province shall be so broke up a single 
Troop of Horse appointed to range on the west side of 
the River St. John will be quite sufficient to cut off all 
communication between the Creek Indians and the peo- 
ple of East Florida. 

Fifth — By carrying distress and war into the country, 
we incline to think the inhabitants of East Florida will 
find themselves so much engaged at home, as not to be 
able to fit out Privateers against this Province, till we 
are better prepared for them. This Province has been 
harassed and they expect to be much more so with Priva- 
teers in case some vigorous blow is not struck against 
East Florida, and we are inclined to think the plimder 
which will fall into the hands of the soldiers will well 
compensate them for the difficulty and toil attending their 
march. 

As to the other questions, viz : 

What are the means of certainly supplying the Troops 
with grain and meat, how is the baggage to be trans- 
ported, and whether can it be transported safely by water? 
We are of the opinion that while the troops remain on 
this side of the River Alatamaha, there will be no oc- 



182 . REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

casion to do more than send a commissary ahead to pro- 
vide rice and beef at different stages, as the troops ad-, 
vance. The country all along abounding with provis- 
ions, after they pass this river, we think it will be neces- 
sary to send a quantity of rice in boats with directions 
to meet the troops at different places, and we are in- 
formed that these boats may go with great safety, there 
being an excellent inland passage to a place called Pical- 
latto Creek within twenty miles of Saint Augustine. We 
imagine these boats must be procured in or about Sa- 
vannah, or Sunbury, and therefore we would recom- 
mend that the troops send such of their baggage as they 
can't conveniently carry in their boats. Some horses 
will certainly be necessary for the troops upon their 
march, which together with pack saddles we think may 
be got in this place. Wagons will be useless as they can- 
not proceed above fifty miles from this town. 

Ordered, that the sum of thirty pounds be advanced 
to Mr. John Sutcliffe for the use of Gen. Lee. 

Doctor Dunwody took his seat, as a member of this 
Board, and qualified as a Justice of the Quorum for the 
Province. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 183 

At a meeting of the Council, August 20th, 1776. 
Present : 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Nathan Brownson. 

John Adam Treutlen. John Dunwody. 

John Houstoun. Samuel Saltus. 

John Girardeau. Jonathan Bryan. 

Daniel Roberts. William LeConte. 
Benjamin Andrew. 

The Board being of opinion, that the intended expedi- 
tion against the Province of East Florida is a measure 
in which the welfare of this Province is particularly in- 
terested, and that if the same is successful, it cannot but 
produce the most happy effects to the inhabitants of 
Georgia. 

Resolved, That this Board will give all assistance 
in their power to forward the said Expedition, as the 
same shall be directed by his Excellency General Lee, 
and that a committee be appointed to wait upon the said 
General Lee and know of him what will be requisite for 
the said expedition, which, this Province can afford, and 
to assure him of our hearty and ready disposition to 
join and concur with him in all matters which may have 
a tendency to reduce the said Province of East Florida, 
or promote an irruption into the same, and that Messrs. 
Jonathan Bryan and Cochrane be that Committee. 

Ordered, that Capt. Sam'l Miller do have a piece of 
sail duck No. 8 delivered to him, he paying for the 
same. 

It being suggested that a number of boats will be 
wanted -for transporting the troops and their baggage, 
in case they should proceed to the Southward, and that 



184 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

some boats proper for that service were just going away 
from this port ; 

Ordered, that Capt. Thomas Morris be directed and 
have full power to go to the river side in and about Sa- 
vannah or elsewhere, and there view and inquire about 
all such boats as he apprehends will be fit for the said 
service, and that he do lay a restraint in nature of an em- 
bargo upon the same. And in case he apprehends there 
is danger of their being carried away, that he take the 
same into his possession, and apply for a guard from 
Capt. Woodruffe to take care of the same. This to con- 
tinue until the further order of this Board. 

Estis, Esqr., waited on the Board and made applica- 
tion for the loan of two thousand pounds to pay off some 
of the Continental troops belonging to Col. Kennon, 
which being considered it was the opinion of the Board 
that the application ought to be made thro' his Excel- 
lency the General, or at least ought to be backed with a 
certificate from him. 

Ordered, that Doctor Brownson and Jonathan Coch- 
rane be a Committee to take proper security from Capt. 
Samuel Miller for the two thousand pounds allowed by 
the public for the purpose of fitting out an armed vessel. 

Edwd. Telfair, Esqr., made application for a guard 
over the row gallies now building; also, that his negro 
pilots be taken up and confined, and that some guard 
boat be stationed in Sa\^nnah River to prevent negroes 
from going down to Cockspur. It was the opinion of 
the Board that a guard be ordered to take care of the 
gallies, and also that it be recommended to Mr. Telfair 
to cause all the negro pilots belonging to him to be con- 
fined in some secure place, and that Capt. Woodruffe and 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 185 

the marines under his command be ordered to do duty 
every night in Savannah River till further orders. 

Henry Sharp presented a petition to the Board, which 
being considered, it was agreed that the said Henry 
Sharp should be discharged from confinement, he first 
giving approved security for his appearance. 

Application being made for two four-pounders to be 
sent to Ogeechee River; 

Ordered^ that two four-pounders be delivered to the 
commanding officer of the Militia of the Lower District 
of Saint Philip's Parish. 



At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 22d, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Adam Treutlen. John Girardeau- 

Nathan Brownson. Sam'l Saltus. 

Benjamin Andrew. John Dunwody. 
Jonathan Cochrane. 

Ordered^ that Col. Scriven be directed to apprehend 
and send to Savannah Messrs. Spalding and Porteous. 

Capt. Leonard Marbury made application to the Board 
for leave to go with a detachment of Militia against some 
of the Cherokee towns. It was the opinion of the Board 
that orders be given to him accordingly. 

Ordered, that Capt. Thomas Morris do fit up, with 



186 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

all possible expedition, the row boats, and to get as many 
carpenters as he can procure for this purpose. 

Capt. Harvey having made information that sundry 
persons in the Back Settlements are about to leave the 
Province, and to take their property with them; it was 
the opinion of the Board that the commanding officers 
of the Militia be directed to stop and secure the property 
of such persons as are about to depart the Province, 
&c., &c. 

Ordered that commissions do issue for Andrew John- 
ston, as Captain, James Martin and Alexander Boys, 
Lieutenants, of a Company of Militia in the District of 
Queensborough. 

Also, for John McCandlas, as Captain, John Clements 
and John Patterson, Lieutenants, of a Company of Mili- 
tia, as above. 

Likewise for William TuUey, as Captain, David Mer- 
rine and Drurey Roberts, Lieutenants, as above. 

And lastly, for Tuberiield Thomas, as First Lieuten- 
ant, and John Twittee, Second Lieutenant, of a Company 
of Militia commanded by Capt. Charles Harvey. 

It was agreed by the Board that the corn flour now in 
Savannah River should be purchased by the public, at 
ten shillings per hundred. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 187 

At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 23d, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. 
John Adam Treutlen. Nathan Brownson. 

Jonathan Bryan. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Dunwody. . Benjamin Andrew. 

Mr. Philip Moore laid before the Board an account of 
Mr. Andrew Lord, which was ordered to be deferred to 
the consideration of the next Congress. 

James Butler, Esqr., presented a petition to the Board, 
which being read it was ordered to be taken into con- 
sideration on Tuesday morning next, and that the parties 
concerned in the said petition b^e summoned to attend the 
Board. 

Capt. Hovenden having made a charge against Lieu- 
tenant Pugh of disobedience to orders, it was the opinion 
of the Board that Lieutenant Pugh do lose his commis- 
sion, and also forfeit what wages may be due to him. 

General Lee sent the following to his Excellency the 
President : 

Sir: — I desire you'll furnish Mr. John Estis with 
eleven thousand one htmdred and thirty poimds South 
Carolina currency, and take his draft for the same on 
Col. William Kannon. 

I am, Sir, your most obt. & very humble servant, 

(Signed) Charles LeE, Major General. 

Savannah, Aug. 22d, 1776. 

To his Excellency the President. 



188 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

His Excellency the President delivered the following- 
order to Mr. John Estis : 

Savannah, Aug. 23d, 1776. 

Gb^ntlemEn : — Pay to Mr. John Estis the sum of one 
thousand, five hundred and ninety pounds, and take his 
draft for the same on Col. William Kannon, 

£1590. (Signed) Archd. Bulloch. 

To the Treasurers. 

That his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., do issue 
orders to Lieutenant John Hardy that he be directed to 
procure immediately a boat and hands and proceed to 
the southward to reconnoitre the sounds and inlets and 
see whether there are any British Ships of War, or Pri- 
vateers on the coasts, and to' make his report as soon as 
possible. 

It was the opinion of the Board that the public should 
purchase two vessels from Capt. Samuel Miller for their 
service. 

Ordered, that Thomas Maxwell, John Kell, Thomas 
Peacock and John Winn, Senr., be a Committee for 
loading and dispjatching the vessels now in Sunbury pur- 
chased as above. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 189 

In Council, August 24th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest James Dunwody. 

John Girardeau. Nathan Brownson. 

John Adam Treutlen. Samuel Saltus. 

Jonathan Cochrane. John Houstoun. 

Col. Jones having sent down simdry affidavits against 
Henry Sharp of Saint George's Parish, it was the opin- 
ion of the Board, that the said Henry Sharp should im- 
mediately be taken into custody, as being dangerous to 
the peace and good government of this Province. 

Gen. Lee sent the following card to his Excellency the 
President. 

Gen. Lee presents his compliments to his Excellency 
the President, and acquaints him there are several wagon- 
ers who are willing to dispose of their wagons and teams 
— they came with the South Carolina Troops and will 
probably dispose of 'em to advantage. 

Gen. Lee is very sensible, the savings to the public will 
be great, and if the Province is not willing to keep 'em, 
they may afterwards be transferred for the use of the 
Continent in general. The bearer is one of these wagon- 
ers and is inclined to dispose of his team for five hundred 
pounds south : currency. 

It was the opinion of the Board that the above men- 
tioned wagons should be purchased for the public service. 

Commissions were issued for William Evans and Ed- 
ward Adams as Lieutenants of the First Company of 
Militia, commanded by Capt. John McLuer. 



190 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

August 28th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houstoun. 

Jno. Bohun Giradeau. James Dunwody. 

James Scriven. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Jonathan Bryan. Danl. Roberts. 

Thomas Palmer attended on the Board, and being duly 
sworn, said that he saw Mr. Moorecock, a brother in- 
law to Doctor Jones, on board of Osborne at Cockspur. 
That the people belonging to the ships of war were fre- 
quently on the Island of Little Tybee, when Mr. George 
Barry was there; and that he sold them hogs, sheep, 
etc., but had not seen them there since. That Osborne 
had not forty men on board, and that Stewart, Phelps, 
Watson and Oldhis were on board. 

Ordered^ that Mr. Palmer be enlarged, he first giving 
security to remain in the Town of Savannah, till further 
orders. 

Mr. George Baillie presented a petition to the Board, 
respecting some negroes belonging to the estate of Clem- 
ent Martin deceased, which had been taken off the Island 
of Cumberland by a detachment of Militia. 

Ordered, that it be referred to the Court of Admi- 
ralty and it was the opinion of the Board, that his Ex- 
cellency the President do issue a Proclamation, ordering 
that all captures for the future be libelled in the said 
Court. 

Gen. Lee sent a letter to the Board respecting the re- 
moi-al of the stock from the Sea Islands, and also of 
falling upon the most effectual means to secure and pre- 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 191 

vent the enemies of American Freedom from injuring^ 
us, which being read and considered : 

Ordered, that Messrs. Daniel Roberts, Jonathan Coch- 
rane and Jonathan Bryan be a Committee to wait upon 
the General to confer upon the same. 

Titus Holinger laid a certificate from Mr. Thomas 
Morris, signifying that he had received a large deck boat 
from the said Titus Holinger, which was valued at one 
hundred and eighty pounds. 

Ordered, that Titus Holinger be paid the sum of one 
hundred and sixty pounds for the said boat. 

Ordered, that the skins bought of Mr. Joseph Clay 
be given as a present to the soldiery now in Savannah. 

Mr. Jonathan Cochrane, from the Committee appoint- 
ed to consider of the best way and means of supplying 
the Province with dry goods, &c., reported : 

That it was the opinion of the Committee that Capt. 
Bowen be furnished with letters of recommendation to 
the Governor of Cape Francois, setting forth that he is 
empowered by this Province to open a commercial corre- 
spondence with any capital merchants of his island, re- 
questing the said Governor's protection and advice in 
accomplishing the same; also, to promise, in behalf of 
this Province, the like protection and assistance to the 
merchants in his Government that may send their vessels 
to any of our ports ; 

That answers be wrote to Messrs. Roux & Co., ac- 
knowledging the receipt of theirs, and that due attention 
shall be paid to them; 

That Capt. Bowen be authorized to contract with any 



192 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

merchants at Hispaniola, or elsewhere, for armed vessels 
to the amount £3,000, and to pledge the faith of the 
Province for the same, the number and size your Com- 
mittee recommend to the consideration of the President 
and Council ; 

That Capt. Bowen be directed to purchase arms, am- 
munition and other warlike stores to the amount £5,000, 
and to contract for as much more as this Province may 
require for its defence, and that he be empowered to 
charter vessels sufficient to carry rice or other produce 
to make good any engagements he may enter into in 
consequence of the power vested in him, or to engage 
rice, or other produce of this Province, to be delivered 
here at certain rates for purposes above mentioned, which 
ever might seem most beneficial to this Province; and 
to empower them to enlist men for the said service, giv- 
ing f bounty and per month, and should he not 

be able to procure such armed vessels, and find a prob- 
ability of success, to apply for a convoy, if he should 
think it necessary ; and should he obtain either the armed 
vessels or a convoy, to sell the pilot boat and lay out the 
money as before mentioned ; and it is the opinion of your 
Committee that the vessel purchased of Capt. Rattoon 
be immediately loaded and sent off to Hispaniola, con- 
signed to Capt. Bowen, and the proceeds of her cargo to 
be applied as before mentioned. 

As the necessary articles for building and fitting out 
vessels and gallies for the public service cannot be easily 
got in the Province, your Committee think it necessary 
that Capt. Bowen be directed to purchase such materials 
as are immediately wanted for the said purposes; also, 
an assortment of medicines suitable to the disorders of 
the climate. 

Further, that Capt. Bowen be furnished with a copy 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 198 

of the Declaration of the Independent States of Anierica, 
and a proclamation from our President offering the 
French subjects a free trade with us. 

This report was agreed to. 



At a meeting of the Council, 29th Aug., 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. James Scriven. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. 

Daniel Roberts. Jonathan Bryan. 

Jonathan Cochrane. James Dunwody. 

Whereas^ it appears to this Board absolutely neces- 
sary for the safety of this Province, that all the cattle 
upon the islands should be either removed to the main 
or destroyed ; therefore, it is recommended that the Com- 
missaries of the several battalions in this Province do 
supply all the troops (except such as shall be stationed 
in Savannah) with meat entirely from the islands; and 
it is ordered that the owners of such cattle as are uix>n 
the said Islands shall remove them to the main before 
the first day of November next; otherwise they will be 
destroyed at the loss of the owners. 

Whereas^ it has been discovered by sundry informa- 
tions that some perfidious persons, enemies to American 
freedom, continue to maintain an intercourse with the 
officers or commanders of the ships of war now stationed 
at Cockspur ; 

And whereas^ such intercourse may be attended with 

18 r r—Tol 1 



194 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

the most dangerous consequences to the peace and welfare 
of the Independent States of America ; 

It is, therefore, resolved that from and after this day 
there shall be no license or pass granted to any person 
whatsoever, for the purpose of going down to the said 
ships of war, except to those who are about to leave the 
Province never to return; and all persons who may be 
detected in attempting to do the same clandestinely will 
be punished according to the utmost rigour of the law. 

Ordered, that the sum of five pounds sterling be paid 
to Peter Buckhalter, for his information respecting the 
ships of war at Cockspur. 



At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 30th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. 

James Dunwody. Jonathan Cochrane. 
James Scriven. 

Button Gwinnett, Esqr., waited on the Board and laid 
before them the following letter from the Honorable 
John Hancock, Esqr. : 

Phii^adelphia, July 24th, 1776. 

Gentlemen: — The Congress being of opinion that 
the service of the United States will be promoted by 
taking into i>ay a number of troops, in the State of Geor- 
gia, who are to act either as infantry or light horse, as 
occasion may require, have come to the enclosed Re- 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 195 

solves, which I do myself the honour of transmitting, in 
obedience to their command. 

In consideration that these troops will go thro' more 
than ordinary duty, and be put to a greater expense than 
others, the Congress have augmented their pay in propor- 
tion. 

I have delivered blank commissions to the Delegates of 
your State. 

With most hearty and sincere wishes for the prosperity 
of the State of Georgia, I have the honour to be, with 
great respect, 

Genl., Yrs., &c., 

Jno. Hancock, President. 
To the Honble. the Convention of the State of Georgia. 

In Congress, July 24th, 1776. 

Resoi^ved, That the regiment of Rangers now in the 
pay of the State of South Carolina be placed upon Con- 
tinental establishment, and that it consist of a Lieutenant 
Colonel Commandant, a Major, ten Captains, twenty 
Lieutenants, a Surgeon, a Pay Master, twenty Sergeants, 
and five hundred privates. 

That the pay of the Lieutenant Colonel Commandant 
of Rangers be the same as a Colonel of Post; a Major 
that of a Lieutenant Colonel ; a Captain that of a Major, 
and the Lieutenants that of Captains, and Sergeants that 
of Ensigns of foot of the Continental forces; that the 
Surgeon be allowed 33 1/3 dollars per month, the Pay 
Master 26 2/3 and the privates 12 1/2 dollars per month 
to provide themselves with horses, guns and provisions 
ior themselves and horses. 



196 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

That the said Rangers be liable to act on horse back 
or foot, as occasion may require. 

That the like number of Rangers be raised in the 
State of Georgia and put upon Continental establishment. 

That these be entitled to the same pay and subject to 
the same duties as the Carolina Rangers. 

By order of the Congress, 

John Hancock^ President. 

In Congress, June 5th, 1776. 

Resolved, That the pay of the Regimental Surgeons 
be augmented to thirty-three dollars and one-third of a 
dollar a month. 

Resolved, That prisoners taken by Continental Arms 
to be not exchanged by any other authority but the Con- 
tinental Congress. 

July 5th. 

The Committee appointed to consider the State of 
Georgia brought in their report, which was taken into 
consideration, thereupon ; 

Resolved, That for the defense of the Colony of 
Georgia, there be an addition of two Battalions, one of 
them to consist of Riflemen, to be raised on the same 
teiins on which other Continental Battalions are now 
ordered to be raised. 

Resolved, That blank commissions for the field offi- 
cers be sent to the Convention of Georgia to be filled up 
with the names of such persons as the said Convention 
shall judge proper. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 197 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Assemblies, 
Conventions, or Council of Safety, of the Colonies of 
Virginia, North and South Carolina, to permit the raising 
of troops for the purpose aforesaid within their respective 
Colonies, and if requested to afford their advice and as- 
sistance, with regard to suitable persons in the said 
Colonies for Captain and Subalterns, and that blank cc«n- 
missions be delivered to the Delegates. 

Resolved, That four gallies be built at the expense 
of the United States, tmder the direction of the Conven- 
tion of Georgia, for the further defense of said Colony. 
And; 

Whereas, The Delegates of the said Colony of Geor- 
gia have represented to said Committee that it will be 
necessary that two forts be erected in said Colony, the 
one at Savannah and the other at Sunbury. 

Resolved, That two Companies of Artillery be raised, 
consisting of fifty men each, officers included, for the 
purpose of garrisoning such forts, in case they shall be 
erected at the expense of the said Colony, and that blank 
Commissions be delivered to the Delegates for the offi- 
cers, to be fixed up by the Assembly or Convention of 
said Colony. 

That a Chaplain be appointed to each Regiment in the 
Continental Army, and their allowance be increased to 
thirty-three dollars and one-third of a dollar a month. 

July 8th. 

Resolved, That an order for sixty thousand dollars 
be drawn on the Treasurers in favor of the Delegates of 
Georgia, for the use of the Continental Battalions, the 
Colony to be accotmtable. 



198 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

July 1 6th. 

That there be appointed by the Commanding Officer 
of each Regiment in the Continental Army, a Sergeant 
Major, Quartermaster Sergeant, Drum Major and Fife 
Major, who shall respectively hold no other aj^intmcnt 
but those before mentioned, and that their pay be one 
dollar a month each more than that allowed to a Ser- 
geant, Drum or Fife in said Regiment. 

That a Pay Master be appointed to each Regiment in 
the Army of the United States, with a salary of twenty- 
six dollars and two thirds of a dollar a month. 

June 26th, 1776. 

RESOiyVED, That a bounty of ten dollars be given to 
every non-commissioned officer and soldier who will en- 
list for the term of three years. 

November 4th, 1775. 

Resolved, That a ration consist of the following kind 
and quantity of provisions, viz. : 

One pound beef or three-quarter pound pork, or one 
pound salt fish per day. 

One pound bread or flour per day. 

Three pints of pease or beans per week, or vegetables 
equivalent at one dollar per bushel for pease or beans. 

One pint of milk per diem, per man, or at the rate of 
1-72 of a dollar. 

One half pint of rice, or one pint of Indian meal, per 
man per week. 

One quart of spruce beer or cyder, per man per day, 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 199 

or three gallons molasses per company of lOO men per 
week. 

Three poimd candles to lOO men per week, for guards. 

Twenty four pounds soft or eight pounds hard soap 
for ICG men per week. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

By order of the Congress, 

Charles Thompson, John Hancock, 

Secretary. President. 

His Excellency General Lee having represented that 
it was necessary to enclose the public magazine ; 

Ordered, that one hundred negroes be impressed for 
that purpose. 

John Griner, Thomas Lovett and Aaron Pickron laid 
before the Board a certificate, by which it appeared that 
since the sixteenth day of October, one thousand, seven 
hundred and seventy-five, they have acted as Captain and 
Lieutenants of a volunteer Company in the Upper Dis- 
trict of Halifax, St. George's Parish, and requested a 
renewal of their commissions under the present Constitu- 
tion, and also a commission for John Adams Niseler, 
as Third Lieutenant of the said Company, which was 
granted. 

Ordered, that a commission as letter of marque be 
granted to Francis Coddington, commander of a Ber- 
mudian sloop called the Sunbury Hero, 75 tons and 80 
men. 



200 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council Sept. 13th, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Bohun Girardeau. William LeConte. 

James Scriven. James Dunwody. 

Mr. John Wilson, on behalf of the widow of Nathaniel 
Hughes, applied for a proclamation to apprehend and 
secure the body of Mr. Joseph Habersham, which being 
considered, it was the opinion of the Board that a procla- 
mation be issued and published in the next Gazette, of- 
fering the sum of 50 pounds reward. 

It is the opinion of the Board that Messrs. Spalding 
and Preston be committed to the main guard, and that 
the officer of the main guard be ordered to permit no one 
to visit the prisoners without leave from his Excellency 
the President. 

Mrs. Murray made application for leave to send some 
person to Cockspur for her runaway negroes, which was 
not granted. 

Capt. Lee waited on the Board and requested for a 
Lieutenant to be appointed for his Artillery Company 
in the room of Lieut. Hughes, which was deferred till 
the meeting of the Convention. 

Capt. John Martin waited on the Board and requested 
leave to prevent Mr. Philip Moore from leaving the 
Province, and was referred to the Chairman of the 
Parochial Committee. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 201 

At a meeting of the Council, Sept. 14th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. William LeConte. 

James Dunwody. James Scriven. 

Mr. Sutcliffe waited on the Board respecting orders 
for supplying the sick troops with necessaries, &c., which 
being considered it was the opinion of the Board that Mr. 
Sutcliffe do receive, from time to time, orders on the 
Treasurers for such sums as may be requisite for that 
purpose. 

Messrs. John and James Habersham presented the 
following petition to the Board. 

GEORGIA: 

To His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of Georgia, 
and the Honourable the Council of the same Province: 

The humble petition of James Habersham and John 
Habersham of Savannah, Sheweth : 

That your petitioners have been informed by a member 
of your Board, that a Proclamation is ordered to be issued 
for apprehending your petitioners* brother, Joseph Hab- 
ersham,* late of the same Province who stands suspected 
of a charge of felony, and offering a reward for that 
purpose of fifty pounds. That your petitioners are ex- 
tremely sorry to find a proceeding of that kind intended 

rrhe whole career of Joseph Habersham would indicate that the charges 
here referred to were false, and that they were instigated by political enemies* 
In the absence of any further reference to the matter in any of the records, it is 
to be presumed that the charges were untrue. 



202 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

lo be adopted against their brother, for reasons they 
submit to your considerations. They conceive their 
brother ever bore a fair and honest character, as can be 
witnessed by all his acquaintances. That he has also 
been a zealous friend of the Constitution now formed 
in this Country, and in his station as Major of the Geor- 
gia Battalion, and as a private gentleman hath ever con- 
ducted himself so as to gain the esteem and regard of 
most people. That your petitioners further represent, they 
have reason to believe (and are well assured in their own 
breast : that their brother, by absenting himself, does not 
mean to fly from the justice of his country, but on the 
contrary, they believe he will surrender himself in a rea- 
sonable time, at least, so soon as his health (which when 
he left this place was in a declining way) is re-establish- 
ed and he recovered strength to attend to his own affairs, 
and make a proper defense to the charge now against 
him, which your petitioners believe he can do, so far as 
will remove at least a great part of imputation of crime 
with which he is said to be charged. For all which 
reasons your petitioners hope for this indulgence from 
your humanity, in favor of their brother, that you will 
• accept of security, which they are ready to give to any 
amount, that their brother shall be forthcoming within 
six months from this day, unless prevented by sickness 
or some other imavoidable accident, which shall be made 
appear (should it so happen) to your satisfaction. If 
this request cannot be granted, your petitioners hope, in 
justice to their brother's character as an officer and a 
gentleman, you will at least postpone issuing your Proc- 
lamation for ten days that they may have an opportunity 
to endeavor to find him out, to lay before him the conse- 
quence of his not surrendering in time. 

And your petitioners are of opinion such notification 
would induce their brother to surrender himself rather 
than see a public Proclamation issued against him. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 203 

Wherefore your petitioners pray you to consider of 
the premises and grant such relief as you shall, in your 
wisdom and discretion, think meet. 

And they will ever pray. 

(Signed) James Habersham, 
John Habersham. 

Savannah, the 14th September, 1776. 

Capt. Cuthbert waited on the Board and delivered in 
an account of his expenses to and from Philadelphia, 
together with the account of the dollars he received from 
the Continental Congress. 



At a meeting of the Council, 20th Sept., 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Adam Treutlen. Samuel Saltus. 

John Bohun Girardeau. George Mcintosh. 

Benjamin Andrew. John Houstoun. 

Messrs. Henry Preston and James Spalding presented 
petitions to the Board, which being read and considered, 
it was their opinion that they be released on giving good 
and sufficient security for their behavior in the future, 
and also that Messrs. McCredie, Porteous, &c., be re- 
leased on the same terms. 

Capt. John Rains, of Bermuda, made application about 
some hhd. rum taken from him at Saint Mary's. 

It was ordered that a letter be sent from this Board 
to Col. Maybank requiring him to libel the said rum. 



204 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Major Mason made application to the Board for leave 
to press wagons, which being considered, it was the 
opinion of the Board that Major Mason do hire wagons, 
and that the public do pay so much of the expense as 
he shall be charged above the usual price. 



At a meeting of the Council, Oct., 2d, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Benjamin Andrew. 

Samuel Saltus. John Adam Treutlen. 
George Mcintosh. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
sundry papers received from Philadelphia, which were 
read accordingly. 



At a meeting of the Council, Oct. 7th, 1776. 
Present ; 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. 

Nathan Brownson. George Mcintosh. 

John Adam Treutlen. James Dunwody. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. 

Button Gwinnett. Samuel Saltus. 

William LeConte. Jonathan Cochrane. 
Benjamin Andrew. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 206 

The President laid the following before this Board, 
viz. : 

In Convention. 

This house having received some information which 
gives them great reason to apprehend an attack is in- 
tended against this Province; and having also been in- 
formed of an armed boat being upon the coast, and hav- 
ing committed some acts of depredation upon the inhabi- 
tants. It is the opinion of this house that the said mat- 
ter, together with all evidence and proofs attending the 
same, be referred to the President. That he be requested 
by and with the advice of this Council to use the most 
vigorous, speedy and effectual means for putting the 
Province in a proper posture of defense, so as to repel 
the said attacks in case they shall be made, and prevent 
further depredations and robberies; and to assure him 
that this Province will most heartily concur with him 
in the said measures, and cheerfully defray the expenses 
attending the same. 

Ordered, that a copy of this minute be presented to 
the President by Mr. Speaker after the rising of the 
House. 

The above being considered, it was the opinion of the 
Board that two boats of ten men each be stationed at the 
inlets of Hossaba, Saint Catherine s, Sapalo and at the 
dividings of Saint Simon's Island, for observation and 
intelligence ; and fifty men stationed at the extreme points 
of land Beulah, Hardwick, Sunbury, Sutherland's Bluff 
and Darien. 



206 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

GEORGIA: 

^By his Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr,, President and 
Commander in Chief of the said State. 

To Col, Lachlan Mcintosh: 

Sir: — You are hereby desired immediately to station 
fifty men at the extreme points of land at Beulah, and 
the same number at Hardwick, Sunbury, Sutherland's 
Bluflf and Darien, or such proportion as you can spare 
at each place, and to complete the whole as soon as pos- 
sible; and also to make return of both the cavalry and 
infantry within this State. And you are likewise desired 
to send off immediately an express to Brigadier General 
Howe, that he will forthwith order the troops belonging 
to the Georgia Battalion to march for this State, and 
cause the boats to be returned that were lent the South 
Carolinians to transport them to Beaufort, and once 
more to make a requisition of the ammiuiition due to 
the State of Georgia. 

Dated at Savannah, the seventh day of October, one 
thousand, seven hundred and seventy-six. 

(Signed) A. Bui,ix)CH. 

It was the opinion of the Board that orders do issue 
to the several officers of the battalions to draught the 
Militia into three divisions, and that the first division 
be in readiness to march at a moment's warning; and 
also that orders do issue to Captains Morris and Wood- 
ruffe to make a return of the men under their command. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 207 

At a meeting of the Council, Oct. loth, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Samuel Saltus. 

John Bohun Girardeau. George Mcintosh. 

John Adam Treutlen. James Scriven. 

Jonathan Bryan. William LeConte. 

Button Gwinnett. James Dunwody. 

Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 
John Houstoun. 

Ordered, that Messrs. William LeConte, George Mc- 
intosh and Jonathan Cochrane be a Committee to exam- 
ine into the election held at Wrightsboro for a Colonel 
to Regiment of Foot Militia. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd, Bulloch, Bsqr., Etc, 

Whereas, It hath been represented to me in Council 
that a party of men belonging to this State have lately 
taken into their possession certain n^^o slaves, late the 
property of Clement Martin deceased; who died consid- 
erably indebted to the full amount (as it is said) of the 
whole estate which he left behind him. And that the said 
negroes are now held and detained by them under pre- 
tence of their being the property of John Martin, and 
are now advertised for sale. 

I have therefore thought fit by and with the advice and 
consent of Council absolutely to forbid the said sale. 
And to require and command all persons whatsoever who 
have, hold, or detain the said negroes, under any pre- 
tence whatsoever (as they will answer the contrary at 



208 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

their peril) to deliver up the said negroes to Lewis John- 
son and George Baillie, Esquire, Executors of the estate 
of the said Clement Martin (or their agent) in order 
that due and proper administration of the said estate may 
be made and the creditors receive their demands, etc., 
given. 



At a meeting of the Council, i8th October, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Adam Treutlen. Nathan Brownson. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Bryan. Daniel Roberts. 

The commissary of the Virginia troops applied for the 
loan of five hundred pounds, for the use of their troops. 

Ordered^ that the treasurers be directed to deliver him 
the said sum, on receiving a bill on the State of Virgfinia. 

Ordered, that Capt; Pray be directed to proceed on a 
voyage to the Island of Saint Thomas and to procure 
as many seamen, arms, ammunition and swivels as he 
possibly can, and that he be permitted to mount as many 
carriage guns, as the vessel can bear on his return hither. 

John O'Brien presented a petition to the Board, setting 
forth that at the present sessions of the Peace held in 
Savannah, he was indicted and convicted, under an Act 
of the General Assembly of this State of uttering and 
paying away counterfeit money of the State of South 
Carolina, whereby he becc«nes liable to suffer very severe 
punishment. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 20« 

That he being conscious of his innocence, notwith- 
standing his conviction, is willing to make any atonement 
to the State, and therefore prays he may be pardoned, 
upon condition of his enlisting as a soldier in the service 
of this State and receiving no bounty money for the same. 

It was the opinion of the Board, that the said John 
O'Brien should be pardoned and permitted to enlist as 
a soldier. 



Simday, October 20th, 1776. 

William Bryan and William Belcher were chosen mem- 
bers of this Board, in the room of Daniel Roberts and 
James Scriven, Esquires. 



At a meeting of Council, Oct. 21st, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. William Belcher. 

John Adam Treutlen. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Cochrane. Button Gwinnett. 

John Houston. Jonathan Bryan. 
William Bryan. 

Mr. Luke Mann presented his account to the Board, 
which they thought proper to refer to the Convention, 
but in the mean time agreed that he should receive an 
order on the Treasurer for five hundred pounds. 

Capt. Pray recommended Mr. Nudigate as his First 
Lieutenant, which was agreed to. 

14 r r— yol 1 



210 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Ordered^ that the inhabitants of Saint Paul be di- 
rected to proceed to the election of officers for the bat- 
talion of Militia in that Parish, on giving ten days' no- 
tice, and that then the officers do elect field officers for 
the said battalion. 



At a meeting of the Council, Oct. 22d, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest William Belcher. 

Jonathan Cochrane. William Bryan. 

Button Gwinnett. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Bryan. John Houstoun. 

Mr. William Bryan and Mrs. Mary Morel presented 
the following petition to the Board : 

STATE OF GEORGIA. 

To His Excellency Archibaid Bulloch, Esqr,, President, 
and to the Members of the Honorable the Council of 
the said State. 

The petition of Mary Morel, widow and relict of John 
Morel, late of the said State, Esqr., deceased, and Wil- 
liam Bryan, of the same place, Esqr., Sheweth: 

That your petitioners have (in consequence of an order 
lately made and issued from your Honorable Board, for 
removing all cattle and other stock from the islands 
within this State, with which they are now using their 
utmost endeavors to comply) been put to very great in- 
convenience and loss, having no place upon the main 
whereto they can carry their said stock. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 211 

That your petitioners are informed there is a tract 
of two thousand acres of land in the Parish of Saint 
Philip, adjoining Red Bird Creek, formerly granted to 
John Reynolds, Esqr., then Governor of this State, and 
another tract of five hundred acres granted to Alexander 
Kellet and adjoining the above tract, which tracts remain 
unoccupied and still in the name of the said grantees. 

That your petitioners conceive this Honorable Board 
will think them well entitled to any favor or indulgence 
which they can shew, when they consider the great sacri- 
fice your petitioners have made to the common cause, 
and that the inconvenience they are now put to, and the 
necessity of this application, arise from such sacrifice; 
and, therefore, they beg leave to propose to your Honor- 
able Board that a lease of the said two tracts of land 
pass to your petitioners in the following proportion; 
that is to say, one thousand acres of the first mentioned 
tract to your petitioner Mary Morel ; such lease to con- 
tinue until the said lands shall be otherwise disposed of 
by this State. And in case your petitioners shall make 
any improvements in the way of building upon their 
respective proportions of the said lands, that then (when 
the said lands shall be taken out of their hands) your 
petitioners be allowed for the same. And your, &c., &c 

The Board having taken the foregoing petition into 
consideration, are of opinion that the same is perfectly 
reasonable and ought fo be granted. 

Therefore, resolved, that the petitioners be permitted to 
take possession of the said lands as prayed for, render- 
ing rent one pepper com to the State yearly, and that 
the Board have no doubt that when the said lands shall be 
taken out of the petitioners* hands, any improvements 
they may make in the way of building will be allowed 
for. 



212 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council, Nov. 2d, 1776. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Benjamin Andrew. Samuel Saltus. 

William Bryan. John Houstoun. 
Jonathan Bryan. 



At a meeting of the Council, November 5th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Button Gwinnett. 

John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Nathan Brownson. 

Jonathan Bryan. William Bryan. 

Jonathan Bryan, Esqr., laid before the Board a letter 
from Edwd.. Telfair respecting the battery to be built 
at Tybee ; which being considered it was the opinion of 
the Board, that ten negroes, able axmen, be taken from 
each of Sir James Wright's plantations and also ten from 
each of Mr. Knox's, to assist at the said battery. 

Mr. Lee Dickinson and Capt. Scott proposed to the 
Board to raise and bring into this State each a Troop of 
Horse on condition of receiving Captain's commission 
for each respective troop; it was the opinion of the Boards 
it should be granted them, and that the gentleman who 
first completed and marched his troop into this State, 
should receive the first commission. 

On considering the present alarmed state of this Col- 
ony, it was the opinion of the Board, that the Convention 
be summoned to convene on Thursday, the fourteenth of 
this instant. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY 213 

At a meeting of the Council, 6th November, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houstoun. 

John Adam Treutlen. Nathan Brownson. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Button Gwinnett. 

Jonathan Cochrane. William Bryan. 

Capt. Alexander Phoenix attended the Board and 
recommended George Yoiuig as Captain Lieutenant, 
James Alexander First Lieutenant, and Seyboume John- 
son Second Lieutenant, of the Artillery Company under 
his command, which was agreed to. 

Lieutenant Colonel Habersham attended the Board 
and laid the following representation before them. 

Gentlemen : — I find by a late Resolve of the Conti- 
nental Congress that it is recommended to the different 
States to fill their respective Regiments as soon as possi- 
ble, also to renew the tests of those men whose time is 
near expiring, for which purpose we are authorized to 
give the difference between twenty dollars and the money 
that they received at their first enlisting, however, Gentle- 
men, I would submit to your consideration the present 
state of the First Regiment, of which I have the honor 
to be Lieutenant Colonel, and whether it would not be 
most expedient and more for the service of this State, 
for the protection of which that Regiment was imme- 
diately raised, to grant the full bounty to those men, 
who are willing to renew their enlistment and serve dur- 
ing the war than for the difference of perhaps four or 
five dollars to lose the men, their times are near expiring 
and they know that by remaining a few months longer 
in the service, they will be at liberty, that they may then 
go or stay as suits them, and that we must, if we want 
them again, give them the full bounty. 



214 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

I would further observe, Gentlemen, that it has cost 
great pains to bring these people into some order, that 
they are just now pretty expert in their exercise, even 
supposing we could get others to fill their places, these 
we should have the same trouble with to give them a 
competent knowledge of the use of arms. 

There is another grand inducement, which, in my 
opinion, should have weight, the near prospect of an In- 
dian War^ and perhaps at the very time we are march- 
ing against the enemy the term of many of their enlist- 
ments may expire, and by that means we be deprived of 
their service. These reasons induced me to address your 
Honorable Board on the subject, and I have not the 
smallest doubt, but it will appear to you, Gentlemen, to 
be more for the service of the State, that it should pay 
two or three hundred pounds extraordinary than rim the 
risk, especially at this critical juncture, to lose the men in 
our Regiment, or at any rate the greatest part of them. 

This was deferred to the consideration of the Conven- 
tion. 

Ordered, that the following letter be forwarded to the 
Delegates for the several Parishes and Districts within 
this State. 

Gentlemen: — His Excellency the President and 
Council considering the present alarmed state of this 
country, and the absolute necessity of our immediate 
exertions, in order to prevent the breaking up of many 
of our settlements, have thought proper to direct that 
notwithstanding the adjournment of our late Convention 
for five weeks, the Delegates for the several Parishes 
and Districts within this State be forthwith summoned 
to meet at Savannah on Monday, the eighteenth day of 
this instant, November. I am therefore ordered to give 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 216 

you this notice, that you may convene at the Town of 
Savannah accordingly and proceed to finish so much of 
the public business, as requires immediate dispatch. 

Savannah, 22d Nov., 1776. 

Will Audley Maxwell, St. John's Parish, dec'd, to be 

proven and Executors qualified. 
Will John Stewart,. Medway, dec'd, to do 

Will Gasper Garbet, Savannah carpenter, 

dec'd to do 

Will George Sweiger, Eben., plantr., dec'd, to do 
Will Mary Powell, Savan., wife Capt. Powell, 

to do 

Letters Adminsn. for Cath. Eirick, Adm., and to qualify. 
Letters ditto for Quintin Pooler and to qualify. 
Petn. and Citation Jno. Glen for And. McLean Est. 

Danl. Wastcot. 

The above matters in the Court of Ordinary being all 
plain and simple, we, the subscribers, being seven of the 
Council and members of the said Court, have no objec- 
tions to the same being done before his Excellency the 
President at his chambers (in consequence of his indis- 
position and inability to attend the Court) in case his 
Excellency shall think proper so to do. This we agree 
to to prevent delay and that the parties may not be de- 
tained in town, and if his Excellency shall so require, 
we will ratify what shall be done herein at our next meet- 
ing. 

(Signed) Adam F. Brisbane. John Bryan. 

Wm. Bryan. Jno. B. Girardeau* 

Geo. Mcintosh. Benj. Andrew. 
^ Jno. Houstoun. Jas. Dunwody. 



216 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council, Nov. 23d, 1776. 

! Present: 

f-- ■ - 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benj. Andrew. 

James Dunwody. Button Gwinnett. 

John Girardeau. James Maxwell. 

Jonathan Bryan. George Mcintosh. 
John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane laid before the Board some 
particulars relative to Mr. Thomas Goldsmith, when it 
was their opinion that he should be permitted to go to 
Sunbury to see his family. 

Mr. Edward Davies attended on the Board and de- 
livered the following affidavit : 

Edward Davies maketh oath that about the 25th day 
of October last, he was at St. Augustine, and that Mr. 
Kelsall told him that the Brig Beaufort, now lying in 
Ogeechee River, was expected daily to Mr. Panton's 
address. As the said brig belonged to the deponent 
and partners, he applied to Mr. Panton to know on what 
account she was to come away. Mr. Panton answered 
she was licensed by Governor Tonyn for St. Augustine, 
and requested of the deponent to know where he would 
receive said vessel, she being on monthly wages, but in 
case of capture a valuation was to be paid in a sum un- 
known to the deponent. 

Sworn before me, Nov. 23d, 1776. 

Edw. Langworthy, /. P. 

The Board took into consideration the above affidavit, 
and directed the following orders to be issued to Briga- 
dier General Mcintosh. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 217 

Sir: — You are hereby desired to issue orders imme- 
diately to the commanding officer of the guard on Ogee- 
chee River, that he take into his possession the sails be- 
longing to the Brig Beaufort, and prevent the said brig 
from proceeding on her voyage till further orders from 
this Board. 

(Signed) Arch. Bulloch. 
To the Honble. B. Gen. Mcintosh. 



At a meeting of the Council, Nov. 25th, 1776. 

Present : 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Geo. Mcintosh. 

James Dunwody. Button Gwinnett. 

Benjn. Andrew. James Maxwell. 

Jonathan Bryan. Jno. Girardeau. 
John Houstoun. 

The Board took into consideration the information 
of Mr. Davies respecting the Brig Beaufort, and were 
unanimously of opinion that it should be referred to the 
Convention. 

Mr. Philip Minis attended on the Board and requested 
to have an order on the Treasurers for the use of the 
Northern troops, and on account of Wm. Kennon, Esqr., 
Continental Commissary General, to the amount of eight 
thousand dollars, which was granted him as follows: 



218 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Savannah, 25th Nov. 1776. 

Gentl,EmEn : — Pay to Mr. Philip Minis, or order, 
eight thousand dollars, Georgia Currency, for value re- 
ceived. 

(Signed) A. B. 

To Messrs. Ewen & O'Brien. 

Savannah, Georgia, 25th Nov. 1776. 

Three days after sight of this my first of exchange, 
second of same tenor and date not paid, pay Messrs. 
Ewen & O'Brien, or order. Treasurers of this state, 
eight thousand Continental dollars, value received of 
them, for the use of the troops now in this State, and 
charge the same to the account of 

Your humble servant, 

Phiup Minis. 

To Wm. Kennon, Esqr., 
Cont Com. General, 
In Charleston. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 219 

At a meeting of the Council, December 7th, 1776. 

Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. James Maxwell. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benj. Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. 

Jonn. Bryan. Samuel Saltus. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd, Bulloch, Esquire: 

To the Provost Marshal of the said State his Bailiffs 
and Deputies: 

Whereas divers orders have issued from me by and 
with the advice and consent of the Council for the de- 
livery up to the Executors of the last Will and Testa- 
ment of Clement Martin, deceased, certain negroes be- 
longing to the said estate which by some means or other 
have fallen into the hands of certain people (at present 
unknown) in the Parish of St. John — all which orders 
have been disobeyed or treated with contempt. These are 
therefore in the name and in behalf of the said State to 
command and require you without delay to repair to the 
said Parish of St. John, or wherever else it may be requi- 
site, and to take into your custody all and singular the 
said negroes and to bring them to Savannah, and imme- 
diately deliver them into the custody of the said Execu- 
tors. And in case any person or persons whatsoever shall 
obstruct or oppose you in taking possession of the said ne- 
groes, then you are hereby required to take such person 
or persons into your custody, and to bring him or them 
also down to Savannah to be dealt with according to 
law. 

And further to do hereby charge and require all per- 



220 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

sons whatsoever within this State, civil and military, 
who are well affected and wish to maintain the due au- 
thority of the same to aid and assist you, if it shall be 
found necessary, in the execution of this order, as they 
shall answer the contrary at their peril. 

Given under my hand and seal in Council at Savannah, 
the eighth day of December, one thousand seven hun- 
dred and seventy-six. 

Ordered^ that commissions be forthwith issued agree- 
able to the returns made to this Board. 

Jno. Keebler, Captain of the Grenadier Company in 
the Lower District of Saint Matthew's; Charles Mackay, 
First Lieutenant; Martin Dasher, Second Lieutenant; 
Danl. Tretler, Third Lieutenant. 

John Lamar, Captain; James Martin, Geo. Randolph 
and Francis FoUiott, First, Second and Third Lieuten- 
ants of the First Battalion, Third Regiment Foot Militia. 

George Downs, Captain ; Johnson, First Lieu- 
tenant; Theophilus Davis, Second Lieutenant; John 
Creitingdor, Third Lieutenant. 

Robert Bonner, Captain of the Augusta Volunteer 
Company; Moody Burt, First Lieutenant; Thomas Car- 
ter, Second Lieutenant and Wm. Perrie, Third Lieu- 
tenant. 

Matthew Marshall, Third Lieutenant of the sixth 
company of Foot Militia, commanded by Capt. John Mc- 
Canliss. 

December 24th, 1776. 

George Wells, Esqr., qualified as a Justice of the Peace 
for the Parish of Saint Paul. 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 221 

At a meeting of the Council, January 8th, 1777. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. James Maxwell. 

Jonathan Bryan. Wm. Bryan. 

Wm. Belcher. John Houstoun. 

Button Gwinnett. . Benjamin Andrew. 

Mr. James Maxwell laid a letter before the Board, by 
which it appeared that Mr. Philip Moore had detained 
on board the brig Beaufort eight casks of indigo, be- 
longing to the public, which he had done for the ex- 
penses due to him on account of the said brig. This 
affair being considered it was the opinion of the Board, 
that Mr. Philip Moore be immediately taken into close 
confinement, until he shall deliver the said indigo. 

On considering a letter representing the present alarm- 
ed state of our Frontier, it was the opinion of the Board, 
that one-third of the Militia be immediately draughted 
and ordered to scout by rotation on the frontiers of this 
State. 

Ordered^ that the trial of Capt. Lyford's negroes be 
postponed, and that the prosecutors be ordered to appear 
and show cause, why the trial of the said negroes should 
not be at Savannah. 



222 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

At a meeting of the Council, Jan. 9th, 1777. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Wm. Bryan. 

James Maxwell. Button Gwinnett. 

Jonathan Bryan. Benj. Andrew. 

The following was omitted in the minutes of yester- 
day: 

Sir: — I inclose you the account of all the indigo I 
purchased on account of the public, amounting to £9,632, 
in forty-four casks and one open barrel. You have, I 
believe, received from me thirty-six casks (say thirty- 
five casks, one keg and the open barrel) ; the other eight 
I have detained. 

If the Honorable Council are going to do anything 
with this indigo before the meeting of the Convention, I 
beg you will, sir, be pleased to inform them that the 
motions that induced me to retain a part of the public 
property in my hands, was a security to me for the 
amount they are so justly indebted to me. You must 
be very sensible of the very many delays I met with in 
the Convention, and altho' by a resolve of that Honora- 
ble House I am entitled to be paid for my detention, yet, 
to my very great surprise, my account was returned to 
me, not passed for i>ayment, and my friend who gave it 
to me declared he believed it would be impossible for 
me to ever get paid. 

I have consulted many merchants here respecting this 
matter, who* all agree I am right in taking this step and 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OP SAFETY. 223 

securing myself. I have many apologies to make for the 
trouble I now give you, and am, with respect, sir, 

Your most obedt. Servant, 

Philip Moore. 

To James Maxwell, Esqr. 

Ordered, that no recruiting officers from South Caro- 
lina shall enlist any men within this State, without ex- 
press permission first obtained from the Convention, or, 
in its recess, from the President and Coiuicil. 

Ordered, that Mr. Carey be sent to Saint Augustine 
with a flag of truce, to demand Capt. Woodruflfe and the 
other prisoners, and that he offer in exchange Lieutenant 
Beecher, or any other prisoners now in our custody. 

Mr. Maxwell laid the following letter before the 
Board from Mr. Philip Moore : 

Sir : — When further consideration and a doubting my 
own advice, instead of my friends, I think that I have 
been rather premature in delaying the indigo that I haye, 
the property of the public. I therefore beg you will be 
kind enough, sir, to cancel my letter of yesterday, and re- 
ceive the remaining eight casks of indigo, which I left 
imder the care of the Captain of the Guard at Mr. 
Stone's house, and will depend on the honor of the Con- 
vention for the payment of my account. 

Indeed, if those gentlemen knew how well their indigo 
was laid in, I think they would not scruple to do it, as 
I am certain, were this parcel of indigo mine, I could get 
for it near 25 per cent more than it cost. When you 
have received this other parcel, I will be obliged to you 
for a receipt of it, any expenses attending getting it from 



224 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

the Ogeechee Guard shall be cheerfully repaid with many 
tlianks by, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Philip Moore. 
James Maxwell, Esqr. 

Thursday morning. 

Messrs. Jones and Munro waited on the Board, respect- 
ing some Indian prisoners now at Sunbury, which being 
considered, it was referred to the Convention. 



At a meeting of the Council, February 21st, 1777. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Button Gwinnett. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjamin Andrew. 

Jonathan Brjran. John Bohun Girardeau. 
William Brjran. 

His Excellency the President informed the Board, that 
being not able to convene a sufficient number of Coun- 
cilors, and considering the alarming situation of this 
State, he had issued orders to the commanding officer 
of the First Battalion of the First Regiment to turn out 
the men under his command immediately, to relieve the 
regulars, who are to march to the southward. 

Also orders to Col. Sandiford to turn out the Regi- 
ment under his command, and likewise orders to the 
commanding officers of the Parishes of St. Matthew, St. 
George, St. Paul and the Ceded Lands to have their 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 226 

men in readiness to march, in case they should be or- 
dered, all which was approved of. 

Ordered, that one-third of the Militia of the Parishes 
of St. Matthew and St. George be directed immediately 
to march to Medway Meeting House and there to remain, 
till further orders. 



At a meeting of the Council, February 22d, 1777. 
Present : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjn. Andrew. 

John Girardeau. Wm. Bryan. 

Jonathan Bryan. Adam Fowler Brisbane. 
Button Gwinnett. 

Whereas, the present alarming situation of this State 
makes it absolutely necessary, that every friend of Amer- 
ican liberty should stand forth and support the same ; and 
whereas, a great part of the Militia of this State, are now 
ordered out in service, and the remainder ready to turn 
out, at a moment's warning, it is therefore agreed, that 
the camp shall be fixed at present at Medway Meeting 
House in the Parish of Saint John's. 

Ordered, that a letter be forthwith dispatched to Mr. 
Thomas Savage, acquainting him that we thankfully ac- 
cept of the offer of his schooner, and that if he will keep 
the schooner within the islands he will be joined by Com- 
modore Bowen, with whom he may act in concurrence. 

15 r r— Tol 1 



226 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Pay of a Battalion in the Continentai^ Service. 

Colonel 50 Dollars per month. 

Lieutenant Colonel 40 do do do 

Major 33 J^ do do do 

Captain 26^ do do do 

Lieutenant 18 do do do 

Ensign I3J^ do do do 

Adjutant i8>^ do do do 

Quarter Master iSys do do do 

Surgeon 25 Raised to 33 June 

5 th, 1776. 

Mate 18 Dollars per month. 

Chaplain 20 Raised to 33J^, July 

5th. 

Sergeant 8 Dollars per month. 

Corporal, Drummer and Fifie, 

each 7J^ do do do 

Private 6^ Light Infantry the 

same. 

Artillery. 

Captain 26^ Dollars per month. 

Captain Lieutenant 20 do do do 

First and Second Lieutenants iSys do do do 

Lieutenant Fireworker 13^^ do do do 

Sergeant 8>^ do do do 

Corporal 7 J^ do do do 

Bombardier 7 do do do 

Matross 6^ do do do 

Sergeant Major 9 do do do 

Quartermaster Sergeant 9 do do do 

Drum Major Sy^ do do do 

Fife Major 8^ do do do 

Regimental Paymaster 26% do do do 



JOURNAL OF COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 227 

GEORGIA— In Council, Aug. 8th, 1776. 

Mr. Thomas Young presented a petition to the Board, 
setting forth that when he was last at Saint Augustine 
he purchased a quantity of goods from one Archibald 
Lundy, and that he now stands actually engaged for the 
payment of the said goods, the amount of upwards of 
three thousand,' five hundred pounds sterling; which 
being considered, it was ordered that the said goods be 
still retained in possession of the Commissary of this 
State, and be sold by him to the people, and that this 
Board will be answerable to Mr. Lundy for the amount 
of such goods as may come into their hands. 

August 9th, 1776. 

Thomas Young, Esqr., waited on the Board and re- 
quested that his affair respecting the goods of Archibald 
Lundy might be reconsidered; when it was the opinion 
of the Board that it be referred to the consideration of the 
next Convention. 

A true copy from the minutes. 

Edw. Langworthy, Secy. 



GEORGIA— In Convention, Feb. 17th, 1777. 

The petition of Mr. Thomas Young was returned, 
with the following report of the Committee: That as 
Archd. Lundy, of Saint Augustine, from whom Mr. 
Thomas Young says, in his petition, that he bought a 
parcel of goods, has been actually concerned in levying 
war against and plundering the inhabitants of this State, 



228 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

it IS their opinion that Mr. Young ought not to receive 
any compensation for the said goods, which was unani- 
mously agreed to ; and it was resolved that it is the sense 
of this House that any contract or agreement which 
Thomas Young, of this State, hath entered into with 
Archibald Lundy, of the Province of East Florida, mer- 
chant, relative to the purchase of a certain parcel of 
goods, some time seized and sold in this State as the 
property of the said Lundy, shall be held to be null and 
void. And in case any suit shall be commenced upon the 
same, no Judge or Court ought to suffer such suit to be 
prosecuted or carried on, but shall order the party plain- 
tiff to be non-suited, it being the act of House, and not 
of the said Thomas Young, which prevents a perform- 
ance of any such contract or agreement. 

A true copy of the minutes. 

Edward Langworthy, Sec'y. 

I do certify and declare that I have often seen and am 
well acquainted with the handwriting of Edward Lang- 
worthy, late Secretary to the Council and Convention of 
this State, and I, in my conscience, believe the preced- 
ing extracts from their minutes, and the name Edward 
Langworthy, to be the proper handwriting of him, the 
said Edward Langworthy. 

Jas. Maxwell. 

nth November, 1777. 



On the 4th of July, 1775, the Provincial Congress met 
at Tondee's Long Room, Savannah. Every parish and 
district was represented and the congress was organized 
by the choice of Archibald Bulloch as President and 
George Walton as Secretary. An imperfect journal, all 
that can now be found, of the proceedings of this Con- 
gress is here inserted. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 229 

[Reprint from White's Historical Collections and Col- 
lections of the Georgia Historiccd Society.^ 

PROCEEDINGS 

OPTHB 

GEORGIA PROVINCIAL CONGRESS, 



Wednesday, July 12th, 1775. 

At a Provincial Congress, held agreeable to appoint- 
ment at Tondee's Long Room at Savannah, on the 
fourth day of July, 1775, and continued from day to day, 
the following i>ersons were returned duly elected, viz: 

Town and District of Savannah : Archibald Bulloch, 
Noble Wimberly Jones, Joseph Habersham, Jonathan 
Bryan, Ambrose Wright, William Young, John Glen, 
Samuel Elbert, John Houstoun, Oliver Bowen, John 
McCluer, Edward Telfair, Thomas Lee, George Hous- 
toun, Joseph Reynolds, John Smith, William Ewen, John 
Martin, Doctor Zubly, William Bryan, Philip Box, 
Philip Allman, William O'Bryan, Joseph Clay, Seth John 
Cuthbert. 

District of Vemonburgh: Joseph Butler, Andrew 
Elton Wells, Mathew Roche, Jun. 

District of Acton: David Zubly, Basil Cowper, Wil- 
liam Gibbons. 

Sea Island District: Col. Deveaux, Col. de La Gall, 
James Bulloch, John Morrell, John Bohun Gerreadieu, 
John Barnard, Robert Gibson. 



230 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

District of the Little Ogeechee: Francis Henry Har- 
ris, Joseph Gibbons, James Robertson.* 

Parish of Saint Mathew: John Stirk, John Adam 
Treutlen, George Walton, Edward Jones, Jacob Wald- 
hauer, Philip Howell, Isaac Young, Jenkin Davis, John 
Morel, John Flurl, Charles McKay, Christopher Cramer. 

Parish of St. Philip: Col. Butler, William Le Conte, 
William Maxwell, James Maxwell, Stephen Drayton, 
Adam Fowler Brisbane, Luke Mann, Hugh Br)ran. 

Parish of Saint George: Henry Jones, John Green, 
Thomas Burton, William Lord, David Lewis, Benjamin 
Lewis, James Pugh, John Fulton. 

Parish of Saint Andrew : Jonathan Cochran, William 
Jones, Peter Tarlin, Lachlan Mcintosh, William Mcin- 
tosh, George Threadcraft, John Wereat, Roderick Mc- 
intosh, John Witherspoon, George Mcintosh, Allan 
Stewart, John Mcintosh, Raymond Demere. 

Parish of Saint David : Seth John Cuthbert, William 
Williams, Sen. 

Parish Saint Mary : Daniel Ryan. 

Parish of Saint Thomas : John Roberts. 

Parish of Saint Paul: John Walton, Joseph Mad- 
dock,* Andrew Burns, Robert Rae, James Rae, Andrew 
Moore, Andrew Burney, Leonard Marbury. 

Parish of Saint Johns: James Screven, Nathan 
Brownson, Daniel Roberts, John Baker, Sen., John Ba- 
con, Sen., James Maxwell, Edward Ball, William Baker, 
Sen., William Bacon, Jtm., John Stephens, John Winn, 
Sen. 



Those marked « declined taking their aeaU. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 231 

Archibald Bulloch, esquire, being proposed as Presi- 
dent, was unanimously elected; and George Walton, 
esquire, being proposed as Secretary, was also unani- 
mously elected. 

The Congress then adjourned to the Meeting House 
of the Rev. D. Zubly, where he preached a sermon on 
the alarming state of American affairs. 

The Congress being returned, a motion was made and 
seconded, that the thanks of this Congress be given to 
the Rev. Dr. Zubly, for the excellent sermon he preached 
this day to the members, which being unanimously agreed 
to it was ordered, that Basil Cowper, Joseph Clay, John 
Houstoun, John Glen, and George Houstoun, esquires, 
be a committee for that purpose. 



Wednesday^ 5th July, 1775. 

A motion was made and seconded, that this Congress 
apply to his excellency, the Governor, by message, re- 
questing him to appoint a day of Fasting and Prayer 
throughout this province, on account of the disputes 
subsisting between America and the parent State, which 
being unanimously passed in the affirmative it was or- 
dered that Dr. Zubly, William Jones, Dr. Jones, John 
Glen, John Houstoun, Joseph Clay, Stephen Drayton, 
and William Maxwell, be a committee for that purpose. 

COPY OF THE MESSAGE. 

May it please your excellency : 

The Provincial Congress, deeply concerned lat jtbe 
present state of affairs and the distress of America hum- 



282 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

bly request that your excellency would appoint a day of 
Fasting and Prayer to be observed throughout this prov- 
ince that a happy reconciliation may soon take place be- 
tween America and the parent State, and that under the 
auspicious reign of his Majesty, and his descendants, 
both countries may remain united, free, virtuous and 
happy, till time shall be no more. 

By order of the Congress. 

Archibau) Buixoch^ President. 

The President being informed by the messenger, that 
John Jamison and John Simpson, esquires, were in wait- 
ing, and desired to be admitted, which being agreed to 
they were desired to walk in. 

They then produced and delivered in to the President, 
a pai^er containing several resolutions entered into by a 
number of persons, inhabitants of the town of Savannah, 
which was ordered to be read, and is as follows, viz : 

At a meeting of several of the inhabitants of the town 
of Savannah, at Mrs. Cuyler's, on Friday the thirteenth 
of June, 1775, present, John Mullrine, esquire, in the 
chair, Joseph Clay, James Morsman, Rev. Mr. J. J. 
Zubly, John Simpson, Noble Wimberly Jones, John Jami- 
son, William Moss, John Glen, Josiah Tatnall, John Gra- 
ham, Lewis Johnston, William Young, Richard Wylly, 
Andrew McLean, Basil Cowper, Phillip Moore, George 
Houstoun, Joseph Butler, James Read, Thomas Reid, 
William Panton, James Edward Powell, William Struth- 
ers, Alexander McGowen, John C. Lucena, Thomas 
Sherman, J. N. Fanning, Levi Sheftall, Charles Hamil- 
ton, George Spence, William Brown, Jr., Francis Cour- 
voizie, James Anderson. 

Whereas, publick confusions and grievances are 
much increased by private dissention and animosities ; 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 233 

Resolved, therefore, nem. con., That we will use our 
utmost endeavors to preserve the peace and good order 
of this province, and that no person, behaving himself 
peaceably and inoffensively, shall be molested in his per- 
son and property, or even in his private sentiments, while 
he expresses them with decency and without any illiberal 
reflections upon others. 

Whereas, The acts for raising a perpetual revenue 
in America, and all the measures used to enforce these 
acts, are not partial but general grievances, and it is 
more likely that redress be obtained by joint endeavors 
of all who may think these acts unconstitutional or op- 
pressive, than by any measure that might be taken singly 
by individuals, therefore, 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meeting, (as 
a proper measure to be pursued, because the general as- 
sembly is not now sitting, from whom an application to 
the throne must be very proper, and as no time should 
be lost,) that k humble, dutiful and decent petition be 
addressed to his Majesty, expressive of the sense, appre- 
hensions and feelings of all such as may choose to sub- 
scribe such a petition, which it is to be hoped will be done 
by every man in the province; and it is therefore the 
wish of this meeting that such a measure may be adopted 
by the Provincial Congress, intended to be held on Tues- 
day next, the fourth of July. 

Resolved, That the interest of this province is in- 
separable from the mother country, and all the sister 
Colonies, and that to separate themselves from the latter 
would only be throwing difficulties in the way of its own 
relief, and that of the other Colonies, and justly incurring 
the resentment of all those to whose distress our dis- 
union might cause an addition. 



234 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved^ That this province ought, and it is hoped 
will, forthwith join the other provinces in every just and 
legal measure to secure and restore the liberties of all 
America, and for healing the unhappy divisions now 
subsisting between Great Britain and her Colonies. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be 
laid before the Provincial Congress on Tuesday, the 
fourth day of July next, and that Wm. Jamison and Mr. 
Simpson, do wait upon them with the same, as recom- 
mended to them by this meeting. 

By order of the Meeting. John Mullrine. 

A motion was made and seconded, that the paper above 
mentioned do lie upon the table for the perusal of the 
members, which, being carried, the same was ordered to 
lie upon the table accordingly. 

A motion was made and seconded, that this Congress 
do put this province upon the same footing with our 
sister Colonies, which, being put, it was ordered that it 
be taken into consideration to-morrow morning. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy of the minutes. 

Geo. Wawon, Secretary. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 236 

Thursday, 6th of July, 1775. 

The order of the day being read, the same was taken 
into consideration, and after some deliberation, it was 
unanimously 

Resolved, i, That this province will adopt, and carry 
into execution, all and singular the measures and recom- 
mendations of the late Continental Congress. 

Resolved, 2, in particular, that we, in behalf of our- 
selves and our constitution, do adopt and approve of the 
American Declaration, or Bill of Rights, published by 
the late Continental Congress, in consequence of several 
infractions thereof. 

Resolved, 3, That we will not receive into this prov- 
ince any goods, wares or merchandise, shipped from 
Great Britain or Ireland, or from any other place any 
such goods, wares or merchandise, as shall have been 
exported from Great Britain or Ireland, after this day; 
nor will we import any East Indian tea from any part 
of the world; nor any molasses, syrups, powder, or 
coffee, or pimento; nor wines from Madeira or the 
Western Islands, nor foreign indigo. 

Resolved, 4, That we will neither import or pur- 
chase any slave, imported from Africa or elsewhere, after 
this day. 

Resolved, 5, As a Non-consumption Agreemient, 
strictly adhered to, will be effectual security for the ob- 
servation of the Non-importation, we as above, solemnly 
agree and associate, that from this day, we will not pur- 
chase or use any tea imported on account of the East 
India Company, or any on which a duty has or shall be 
paid, and we will not purchase or use any East India tea 



236 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

whatever, nor will we merchandise, we have agreed not 
to import, which we shall know, or have cause to suspect 
were imported after this day. 

RESOLVED, 6, The earnest desire we have not to in- 
jure our fellow subjects in Great Britain and Ireland and 
the West Indies, induces us to suspend non-exportation 
until the tenth day of September, 1775, at which time, 
if the act and parts of acts of the British Parliament, 
hereafter mentioned, are not repealed, we will not, di- 
rectly or indirectly, export any merchandise or com- 
modity whatsoever to Great Britain, Ireland, or the West 
Indies, except rice to Europe. 

Resolved, 7, Such as are Merchants, and use the 
British and India trade, will give orders, as soon as pos- 
sible to their Factors, Agents and Correspondents in 
Great Britain and Ireland, not to ship any goods to 
them, on any pretence whatever, as they cannot be re- 
ceived in this province, and if any Merchant residing in 
Great Britain and Ireland sliall, directly or indirectly, 
ship any goods, wares or merchandise for America, in 
order to break the said non-importation agreement, or 
in any manner contravene the same, on such unworthy 
conduct being well attested, it ought to be made publick, 
and on the same being done, we will not from thence- 
forth have any commercial connections with such mer- 
chant. 

Resolved, 8, That such as are owners of vessels will 
give positive orders to their Captains or Masters, not to 
receive on board their vessels any goods prohibited by 
the said non-importation agreement, on pain of immediate 
dismission from the service. 

Resolved, 9, We will use our utmost endeavors to 
improve the breed of sheep and increase their numbers to 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 237 

the greatest extend, and to that end we will kill them as 
sparingly as may be, especially those of the most profit- 
able kind, nor will export any to the West Indies or else- 
where, and those of us who are or may become over- 
stocked with, or can conveniently spare any sheep, will 
dispose of them to our neighbors, especially to the poorer 
sort, on moderate terms. 

Resolved, id, That we will in our several stations 
encourage frugality, economy, and industry, and pro- 
mote agriculture, arts and the manufacture of British 
America, especially that of Wool, and will diiscoun- 
tenance and discourage every species of extravagance and 
dissipation, especially horse-racing and every kind of 
gaming, cock fighting, exhibiting of shows, plays and 
other expensive diversions and entertainments, and on 
the death of any relation or friend, none of us, or any of 
our families, will go into any farther mourning dress, 
than a black crepe or ribbon on the arm or hat for gen- 
tlemen, and a black ribbon and necklace for ladies, and 
we will discontinue the giving of gloves and scarfs at 
funerals. 

Resolved, ii. That such as are venders of goods or 
merchandize will not take advantage of the scarcity of 
goods that may be occasioned by this association, but 
will sell the same at the rates we have been respectively 
accustomed to do for twelve months last past, and if any 
venders of goods or merchandize shall sell any such 
goods or merchandize on higher terms, or shall in any 
manner, or by any device whatsoever, violate or depart 
from this agreement, no person ought, nor will any of 
us deal with any such person, or his or her Factor, Agent, 
at any time thereafter, for any commodity whatsoever. 

Resolved, 12, In case any Merchant, Trader or other 
persons, shall attempt to import any goods or merchan- 



238 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

dize, into this province after this day, the same shall be 
forthwith sent back again, without breaking any of the 
packages thereof. 

Resolved, 13, That a committee be chosen in every 
town, district and parish within this province by those 
who pay toward the general tax, whose business it shall 
be, attentively, to observe the conduct of all persons 
touching this Association, and when it shall be made ap- 
pear, to the satisfaction of a majority of any such com- 
mittee, that any person within the limits of their appoint- 
ment, has violated this Association, that such majority 
do forthwith cause the truth of the case to be published 
in the Gazette, to the end that all such foes to the rights 
of British America may be publickly known and univer- 
sally contemned as the enemies of American liberty, and 
thenceforth we will break off all connection with him or 
her. 

. Resolved, 14, That the Committee of Correspond- 
ence in this province do frequently inspect the entries of 
the Custom House, and inform the Committee of the 
other Colonies which have acceded to the Continental 
Association, from time to time, of the true state thereof, 
and of every other material circumstance that may occur 
relative to this Association. 

Resolved, 15, That all manufacttu-es of this prov- 
ince be sold at reasonable prices, so that no undue ad- 
vantage be taken of a future scarcity of goods. 

Resolved, 16, And we do farther agree and resolve 
that we will have no trade, commerce, dealings, or in- 
tercourse, whatever, with any Colony or province in 
North America which shall not accede to, or which shall 
hereafter violate this Association, but will hold them as 
unworthy of the rights of freemen, and as inimical to 
the liberties of their country : And we do solemnly bind 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 239 

ourselves and our constituents, under the ties of virtue, 
honour and love of our country, to adhere to this Asso- 
ciation, until parts of the several acts of Parliament, 
passed since the close of the last war, as impose or con- 
tinue duties upon tea, wine, molasses, syrups, paneles, 
coffee, sugar, pimento, indigo, foreign paper, glass, and 
painter's colours imported into America, and extend the 
powers of the Admiralty Courts beyond their ancient 
limits, deprive American subjects of trial by jury, au- 
thorize the Judge certificate to indemnify the prosecution 
from damages that he might otherwise be liable to, from 
a trial by his peers, require oppressive security from 
claimants of ships, or goods seized before he is allowed 
to defend his property are repealed; and until that part 
of the act of the 12 Geo., 3 ch., 24, entitled, "An Act for 
the better securing his Majesty's Dock-yards, Magazines, 
Ships, Ammunition and Stores," by which any person 
charged with committing any of the offences therein 
described in America, may be tried within any shire or 
country within the realm is repealed, and until the four 
acts passed in the last session of Parliament, viz : That 
for stopping the port and blocking up the^ harbour of 
Boston; that for altering the charter and government 
of the Massachusetts Bay — and that which is entitled, 
"An Act for the better administration, &c., and that for 
extending the limits of Quebec, &c," are repealed, and 
until the two acts passed in the present session of Par- 
liament, the one entitled, "A Bill to restrain the Trade 
and Commerce of the Colonies of New Jersey, Pennsyl- 
vania, Maryland, Virginia and South Carolina, to Great 
Britain, Ireland, and the British Islands in the West 
Indies, under certain conditions and limitations," and the 
other, "An Act commonly called the Fishery Bill." 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

Geo. Wawon, Secretary. 



240 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

pRroAY, 7th July, 1775. 

The following is his Excellency's Answer to the Mes- 
sage of this Congress : 

'*To Stephen Drayton, Esq,, and the other Gentlemen 
zvho zvaited on the Governor: 

Gentlemen — I have taken the opinion of his Maj- 
esty's Council relative to the request made by the gentle- 
men who have assembled together by the name of a 
Provincial Congress, and must premise that I cannot 
consider that meeting as Constitutional; but as the re- 
quest is expressed in such loyal and dutiful terms, and 
the end proposed being such as every good man must 
most ardently wish for, I will certainly appoint a Day of 
Fasting and Prayer, to be observed throughout this prov- 
ince. 

Ja Wright. 

Savannah, the 7th of July, 1775." 

A motion was made and seconded, that the thanks of 
this Congress be given to his Excellency the Governor, 
for his answer to the Message of the Congress, and his 
ready compliance with their request, which being put, 
unanimously passed the affirmative. Ordered — ^That Dr. 
Zubly, John Smith and Joseph Clay be a committee for 
the puqK>se. 

A motion was made and seconded, that five persons be 
chosen to represent this province in the Continental Con- 
gress, appointed to be held at the city of Philadelphia, 
on the loth May last, and the question being put, it 
passed unanimously in the affirmative. 

The Congress then proceeded to the choice, when John 
Houstoun and Archibald Bulloch, Esq's, the Rev. Dr. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 241 

Zubly, Noble Wimberly Jones and Lyman Hall, Esq's, 
were duly elected. Dr. Zubly expressed his surprise at 
being chosen, and said that he thought himself for many 
reasons a very improper person; but the choice was in- 
sisted upon, and the Doctor declared he would by no 
means go, unless he had the approbation of his congrega- 
tion ; whereupon Noble Wimberly Jones and John Hous- 
toun, Esqrs., were appointed to request their consent. 

Resolved, therefore. That the said John Houstoun 
and Archibald Bulloch, Esq's, the Rev. Dr. Zubly, Noble 
Wimberly Jones and Lyman Hall, Esq's, be the Dele- 
gates of this province to represent the same in said Con- . 
tinental Congress, and that any three of them be a 
quorum. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy of the Minutes. 

Geo. Wawon, Secretary. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a Secret Com- 
mittee be appointed, which being agreed to, it was re- 
solved that the President do nominate seven person to 
be that committee, whose business it shall be, to be vigi- 
lant and active in the discovery of all matters which may 
affect the public, and that they shall have right to lay all 
such intelligence and information before the President of 
this Congress, and in its recess, before the President of 
the Council of Safety, in order that the evil designs of 
wicked men may be early frustrated. 

A motion was made and seconded, that the Congress 
do petition the King upon the present unhappy situation 
of affairs, which being agreed to, it was ordered that Dr 
Zubly do prepare and bring in the same. 

16rr-/ol 1 



242 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a letter be 
forthwith wrote to the President of the Continental Con- 
gress, giving him an account of the proceedings of this 
Congress, which being agreed to, it was ordered that 
Dr. Zubly, John Smith, William Young, William Le 
Conte, and William Gibbons, Esqrs., be a Committee for 
that purpose. 

John Walton, Esq., who was elected as well from 
Wrightsborough township, as for the town and district 
of Augusta, came in and took his seat for the former. 

A motion was made and seconded, that an address be 
presented to his Excellency the Governor by this Con- 
gress, which being agreed to, it was ordered, that Dr. 
Zubly, Basil Cowper, John Walton, Joseph Clay, and 
Edward Telfair be a Committee to draw up the same. 



Saturday, July 8, 1775. 

Resolved, That this Congress are of opinion that 
the paper delivered into this Congress on the second day 
of its meeting, ought not to have been entitled or dressed 
in the form of resolves, biit rather as recommendations, 
or in nature of a petition or address to this Congress. 

Resolved, Nevertheless, from the desire this Con- 
gress hath to promote union and concord among our- 
selves, and as it does not appear that the said paper was 
intended to be considered as coming from a distinct and 
independent body, that, therefore, the matter contained 
in the same (being such as is in the general agreeable to 
us) shall be duly considered and attended to. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

Geo. Walton, Secretary. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 248 

A motion was made and seconded, that a sum not ex- 
ceeding ten thousand pounds sterling be provided, to de- 
fray the necessary services of this Province, in the present 
alarming and distracted state of affairs, which passed 
unanimously in the affirmative. 

A motion was then made and seconded, that the Con- 
gress resolve itself into a Committee of the Whole, to 
consider ways and means for raising and sinking the 
said sum of ten thousand pounds sterling, which being 
agreed to, the Congress resolved itself into a Committee 
accordingly. 

The President having resumed the chair, Mr. Clay, 
from the Committee of the whole Congress, reported 
that they had entered upon the consideration of ways 
and means, had made some progress therein, and de- 
sired leave to sit again. 

The President reported to the Congress that he had, in 
obedience to the resolution yesterday, nominated seven 
persons to be a Secret Committee. 

Dr. Zubly, who was ordered to prepare and bring in a 
petition to his Majesty, reported that he had done so, 
and produced a paper containing the same, which he de- 
livered in to the President ; and the said paper being read 
and approved of, it was resolved that the President do 
sign the same. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a Committee 
of Intelligence be appointed, which being agreed to, it 
w^as ordered that William Young, David Zubly, Stephen 
Drayton, Daniel Roberts, John Glen, Edward Telfair, 
William Ewen, Joseph Clay, and George Walton, Es- 
quires, be that Committee. 

William Young, Esquire, of the Committee appointed 



244 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

to write a letter to the President of the Continental Con- 
gress, reported that they had done so, and delivered in a 
paper to the President, containing the same, which being 
read and approved of, it was resolved that the President 
do sign the same, and that it be forthwith sent 



Monday^ loth of July, 1775. 

The following resolves were unanimously entered into : 

Whereas, By the unrelenting fury of a despotic:; 
Ministry, and with a view to enforce the most oppressive 
acts of a venal and corrupted Parliament, an army of 
mercenaries, under an unfeeling Commander, have ac- 
tually begun a civil war in America. 

And Whereas, The apparent iniquity and cruelty of 
these obstructive measures have however had this good 
effect, to unite men of all ranks in the common cause. 

And Whereas, To consult means of safety, and the 
method of obtaining redress, the good people of this prov- 
ince of Georgia have thought proper to appoint a Pro- 
vincial Congress. The Delegates met at the said Con- 
gress, now assembled from every part of the province, 
besides adopting the resolutions of the late Continental 
Congress, find it prudent to enter into such other resolu- 
tions as may best express their own sense, and the sense 
of their constituents, on the present unhappy situation of 
things, and therefore thought fit and necessary to resolve 
as follows : 

Resolved, That we were born free, have all the feel- 
ings of men, and are entitled to all the natural rights of 
mankind. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 245 

Resolved, That by birth or incorporation we are all 
Britons^ and whatever Britons may claim as their birth- 
fight is also ours. 

Resolved, That in the British Empire, to which we 
belong, the constitution is superior to every man, or set 
of men, whatever, and that it is a crime of the deepest dye 
in any instance to impair or take it away, or deprive the 
meanest subject of its benefits. 

Resolved, That^ that part of the American continent 
which we inhabit was originally granted by the Crown 
and the charter expressly from Charles the 2nd, makes 
its constitution dependence on the Crown only. 

Resolved, That those who now would subject all 
America, or this province, to dependency on the Crown 
and Parliament, are guilty of a very dangerous innovation 
which in time will appear as injurious to the Crown 
as it is inconsistent with the liberty of the American sub- 
ject. 

Resolved, That by the law of nature and the British 
Constitution, no man can legally be deprived of his prop- 
erty without his consent, given by himself or his repre- 
sentative. 

Resolved, That the Acts of the British Parliament, 
for rasing a perpetual revenue on the Americans, by lay- 
ing a tax on them without their consent, and contrary to 
their protestations, are diametrically opposite to every 
idea of property, to the spirit of the constitution, and at 
one stroke deprive this vast continent of all liberty and 
prosperity^ and as such must be detested by every well 
wisher of Great Britain and America. 

Resolved, That subsequent laws made with a view 
to enforce these acts, viz : the Boston Port Bill, and 




246 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Alteration of their Charter, the Act to carry beyond Sea 
for Trial, and what refines upon every species of cruelty, 
the Fishery Bill, are of such a complexion that we can say 
nothing about them for want of words to express our ab- 
horrence and .detestation. 

Resolved^ That the loyalty^ patience and prudence of 
the inhabitants of New England, under their unparalleled 
pressure, having been construed into timidity, and dread 
of regular troops, a civil war, in support of acts extreme- 
ly oppressive in themselves, hath actually been begun, and 
that there is too much reason to believe that plans have 
been in agitation big with everything horrible to other 
provinces, plans as rash, barbarous and destructive as the 
cause which they are intended to serve. 

Resolved, That in these times of extreme danger, 
our Assembly not being permitted to sit, we must have 
either been a people without all thought or council, or have 
assembled, as we now are, in Provincial Congress, to con- 
sult upon measures which, under God, may prove the 
means of the perpetual union with the Mother Country, 
and tend to the honour, freedom and safety of both. 

Resolved, That this province bears all true allegiance 
to our own rightful Sovereign, King George III, and 
always will and ought to bear it agreeable to the constitu- 
tion of Great Britain, by virtue of which only the King 
is now our Sovereign, and which equally binds Majesty 
and Subjects. 

Resolved, That we are truly sensible how much our 
safety and happiness depends on a constitutional connec- 
tion with Great Britain, and that nothing but the being 
deprived of the privileges and natural rights of Britons 
could ever make the thought of a separation otherwise 
than intolerable. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 247 

Resolved, That in case his Majesty, or his success- 
ors^ shall at any time hereafter, make any requisition to 
the good people of this province, by his Representatives, 
it will be just and right that such sums should be granted 
as the nature of the service may require, and the ability 
and situation of this province will admit of. 

Resolved, That this province join with the provinces 
of America now met by delegates in Continental Con- 
gress, and that John Houstoun and Archibald Bulloch, 
Esqs., the Rev. Dr. Zubly, hyman Hall and Noble Wim- 
berly Jones, Esqrs., be the delegates from this province 
for that purpose, and that any three constitute a quorum 
for that purpose. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed whose 
duty it shall be to see to it that the resolutions of the 
Continental and Provincial Congress be duly observed, 
and that every person who shall act in opposition thereto 
have his name transmitted to the Continental Congress, 
and his misdeeds be published in every American paper. 

Resolved, That with all such persons, except the in- 
dispensable duties that we owe all mankind, (bad men 
and enemies not excepted), we will have no dealings nor 
connection^ and we extend this our resolution also to all 
such persons or corporations in Great Britain who have 
shown themselves enemies to America, 

Resolved, That we will do what in us lies to pre- 
serve and promote the peace and good order of this prov- 
ince : and should any person become an innocent sufferer 
on account of these grievances, we will do whatever we 
justly may for his relief and assistance. 

Resolved, That in such calamitous times as the pres- 
ent every possible indulgence ought to be given to honest 



248 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

debtors; that it would be ungenerous (unless there ap- 
pear intention of fraud) in any Gentleman of the Law 
to fee without previous notice, and any person so feed 
may apply to the Committee, and should it appear to 
them that the creditor is in no danger of losing his money, 
or can be properly secured, they shall interpose their 
friendly offices to persuade him to drop the prosecution, 
and every prosecuter that shall appear to take advantage 
of the confusion of the times to distress his debtor, ought 
to be publickly pointed out and held in abhorrence. 

Resolved^ That notwithstanding in a late Bill for re- 
straining the trade of several provinces in America, this 
province is excepted, we declare that we look upon this 
exception rather as an insult than a favour, as being 
meant to break the union of provinces, and as being 
grounded on the supposition that the inhabitants of such 
excepted province can be base enough to turn the oppres- 
sion of America into a mean advantage. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

George Walton, Secretary. 



Tuesday, July ii, 1775. 

John Houstoun and Noble Wimberly Jones, Esqrs., 
appointed to request the consent of Dr. Zubly's congrega- 
tion for their permission for him to go to Philadelphia, 
reported that they had done so, and that the said congre- 
gation had voted that they were willing to spare their 
minister for a time, for the good of the common cause. 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 249 

Dr. Zubly then declared he was willing to go, and 
thanked the Congress for so signal a mark of honour and 
confidence. 

Mr. Clay, from the Committee appointed to draw up 
an address to his Excellency, the Governor, from this 
Congress, reported that they had done so, and delivered 
it in to the President : which was ordered to be read, — 
and is as follows : 

To His Excellency, Sir ]AUi^s\VRiCHr,Barofiet, Captain- 
General and Governor-in-Chief , in and oz^er his Maj- 
esty's Province of Georgia, Chancellor and Vice-Presi- 
dent of the same. 

May it Please Your Excellency: — We, his Maj- 
esty's dutiful and loyal subjects, the Delegates of this 
Province, in Provincial Congress met, beg leave to ad- 
dress your Excellency. 

In these very critical and alarming times, the good 
people of this Province find themselves under an absolute 
necessity to take some measures for the security and pres- 
ervation of their liberties, and every thing that is near 
and dear to them; and they have accordingly chosen a 
large number of persons to meet together at Savannah, 
to consult on the means to obtain redress, under our many 
and very heavy grievances. These, being accordingly 
met, (to be distinguished from the usual representation,) 
have styled themselves a Provincial Congress, and from 
the number and character of their names, which your Ex- 
cellency may see in our last Gazette, your Excellency will 
be convinced' the Province was never more fully repre- 
sented in any Assembly; though possibly this measure 
never would have taken place, had we not, from several 
successive prorogations or adjournments, too much reason 
to fear your Excellency had received very strong instruc- 



260 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

tions not to suffer the Assembly to enter into any meas- 
ures to secure the rights of America, or even to petition 
for relief, unless in terms which would have been giving 
up the rights of, and fixing lasting disgrace upon, the pe- 
titioners. 

Although there is no doubt but a great majority of the 
inhabitants of this Province always looked upon the claim 
of Parliament to take away the property of Americans as 
illegal and oppressive, yet, from a variety of causes, not 
unknown to your Excellency, this Province in the Ameri- 
can chain has hitherto been the defaulting link. We ha\ e 
now joined with the other provinces in the Continental 
Congress, and have sent a petition to his Majesty, ap- 
pointed delegates to the American Congress, and entered 
into such resolutions — which we mean inviolably to ad- 
here to — as will convince the friends and foes of America 
that we would not live unworthy of the name of Britons, 
or labour under the suspicion of being unconcerned for 
the rights and freedom of America, Extracts of some 
letters which are inserted in Parliamentary proceedings 
widely differ from what must appear to every unpreju- 
diced person to be the real state of the Province. 

We are not acquainted with an individual in Georgia 
that looks upon the claims of Parliament as just, and all 
men speak with abhorrence of the measures made use of 
to enforce them. Our fellow-subjects who formerly en- 
tered a dissent which we find was transmitted to the min- 
ister in terms that bespeak the great pleasure it gave the 
transmitter, now generally say that they never differed 
from America as to reality of grievances, but only in the 
mode of obtaining redress. 

Though candour may allow these mutilated extracts 
laid before Parliament, they were probably rather design- 
ed by the minister to screen himself and justify his own 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 261 

measures, than to give a just and true account of what 
information he mig^ht have received, yet we cannot help 
observing, the g^eneral purport of these letters seem to 
have a much greater regard to the designs of the minister, 
than to give an impartial account of the real state of 
things. Other Provinces, no doubt, if they find them- 
selves mentioned in any part of them, will view them in 
what light they may think fit; but, as to any prejudicial 
informations they may contain against many persons in 
this Province, while it is not to be expected that they will 
give up their feelings as private men, your Excellency 
may be assured we shall always pay due respect to His 
Majesty's representative, and shall with great pleasure 
acknowledge every service your Excellency may hereaf- 
ter render to Great Britain and America, whose interest 
we know, and whose connection we wish to be forever in- 
separable. Your Excellency may be assured, these are ob- 
jects which we have greatly at heart, and shall ever do 
what in us lies, towards a reconciliation with our parent 
state, on constitutional principles, as well as endeavour to 
preserve the peace and good order of the province 

Rksoi^veDj That the foregoing address be signed by 
the President, and be presented to his Excellency, the 
Governor, and that Stephen Drayton, Edward Telfair, 
William Le Conte, John Walton, George Houstoun, and 
Philip Box be a Committee to present the same. 



Wednesday, July 12, 1775. 

The Congress resolved itself into a Committee of the 
Whole, to take into consideration ways and means to 
raise and sink ten thousand pounds sterling; and after 
some time spent therein, the President resumed the Chair. 



252 ^ REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved, That the Congress being a full representa- ~ 
tion of the whole Province, the members of the same, 
their constituents, and all others resident or holding prop- 
erty within the same, are bound to contribute by an equal 
and general tax, towards the sinking' the ten thousand 
pounds. 

Resolved, That this Congress, while sitting, and the 
Council of Safety, in its recess, have power to issue cer- 
tificates, from time to time, as occasion shall require, to 
the amount of ten thousand pounds sterling, and that all 
such certificates shall be signed by the treasurers, and at 
least three of the members of the Council of Safety. 

Resolved^ That any person who shall not receive any 
such certificate in payment, will be guilty of a breach of 
the public faith, and ought to be considered as an enemy 
to the Province, and treated accordingly. 

Resolved^ That the said certificates be sunk in three 
years after a reconciliation shall take place between Great 
Britain and the Colonies. 



Thursday, July 13, 1775. 

Resolved, That this Congress do approve of and 
adopt the Association entered into at Savannah on the 
fifth day of June last past viz. : 

Association unanimously entered into by the Provincial 
Congress, at Savannah, in Georgia, on Thursday, the 
13th of July, 1775. 

GEORGIA, being persuaded that the salvation of the 
rights and liberties of America depend, under God, on 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 263 

the firm union of the inhabitants in its vigorous prosecu- 
tion of the measures necessary for its safety, and con- 
vinced of the necessity of preventing the anarchy and con- 
fusion which attend the dissolution of the powers of gov- 
ernment, we, the freemen, freeholders and inhabitants of the 
Province of Georgia, being greatly alarmed at the avowed 
design of the Ministry to raise a revenue in America, and 
shocked by the bloody scene now acting in the Massachu- 
setts Bay, do, in the most solemn manner, resolve never 
to beccMne slaves; and do associate, under all the ties of 
religion, and honor, and love to our country, to adopt and 
endeavor to carry into execution whatever may be recom- 
mended by the Continental Congress, or resolved upon by 
our Provincial Convention, appointed for preserving our 
constitution and opposing the execution of the several ar- 
bitrary and oppressive acts of the British Parliament, un- 
til a reconciliation between Great Britain and America, 
on constitutional principles, which we most ardently de- 
sire, can be obtained ; and that we will in all things follow 
the advice of our General Committee, appointed respect- 
ing the purposes aforesaid, — the preservation of peace 
and good order, and the safety of individuals and private 
property. 

RESOI.VED, That John Smith, Basil Cowper, George 
Houstoun, Joseph Clay, William Young, Philip Box, 
Seth John Cuthbert, William O'Bryan, George Walton, 
William Le Conte, William Gibbons, Samuel Elbert, Ed- 
ward Telfair and Oliver Bowen, be a Committee to pre- 
sent the Association to all the inhabitants of the Town 
and District of Savannah to be signed ; in doing which, 
expedition is particularly recommended, and an account 
of all who decline signing shall be returned to the Gen- 
eral Committee. 



264 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

pRroAY, July 14, 1775. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a Committee 
be appointed to report their opinion, who shall be quali- 
fied to vote for delegates to sit in future Congresses, and 
the most equal method of representation ; and the same 
being agreed to, a Committee was appointed accordingly. 

Committee : Stephen Drayton, John Glen, and Joseph 
Clay, Esqrs. 

Resolved, That in every case where a summons shall 
be applied for, the magistrate to whom such application 
shall be made do in the first place, and before the issuing 
of such summons, give notice thereof, either by personal 
information, message, or letter, to the party defendant, 
and also use his best endeavour to compromise and settle 
the matter ; and unless the defendant has discovered cir- 
cumstances of fraud or delay, and is ready and willing to 
give security for the debt, and shall actually offer to do 
so, payable in a reasonable time, no such summons ought 
to be issued. And in case a warrant in a civil case shall 
be applied for, the same ought not to be granted, unless 
there appear, to the satisfaction of the magistrate, that 
there are good and sufficient grounds besides the plain- 
tiff's oath to apprehend the defendant means to abscond ; 
but the same method ought to be observed as is recom- 
mended respecting summons. 

Mr. Drayton, from the Committee appointed to report 
their opinion who shall be qualified to vote for delegates 
to sit in future Congresses, reported as the opinion of 
that Committee, that every man contributing towards the 
general tax, shall be qualified to vote as delegates in fu- 
ture Congresses, and the following proportion will be the 
most equal representation, viz. : The Town and District 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 266 

of Savannah shall have seventeen members; District of 
Little Ogeechee, three; Vemonburgh, two; Acton, two; 
Sea Islands, three; Goshen and Abercorn, two; Parish 
of St. Matthew, seven; St. George, nine; St. Paul, nine; 
St. Philip, seven; St. John, twelve; St. Andrew, nine; 
St. David, three; St. Patrick, two; St. Thomas, two; 
St. Mary, two; St. James, two; Ceded Lands, three; 
and that the president and thirty-four members do con- 
stitute a Congress to proceed upon business. 

Resolved, That the foregoing report be approved of, 
and that delegates be elected by the persons and in the 
proportion therein mentioned. 

Resolved, That the following form of delegation be 
recommended to the inhabitants of the several parishes 
and districts throughout the Province, to prevent clashing 
and unequal powers being given by different parishes and 
districts, viz: 

GEORGIA : — ^The affairs of the Continent of America 
being now brought to a truly alarming and critical situa- 
tion, and there being no other method left, but that the 
whole body of the people unite as one, in opposing such 
acts as tend utterly to destroy the liberty, property, and 
birthright of America; and it having been thought neces- 
sary and convenient, in order to consult on proper ways 
and means for our Mutual security, to assemble and con- 
vene the people in each colony and Province, by their 
representatives, into one body or council, styled a Pro- 
vincial Congress, who shall act in all cases whatsoever 
for the good of the common cause : 

Now, therefore, be it known that we, the inhabitants 

of Parish (or district), being met together in 

order to choose such men as are capable of the important 
trust, do choose A, B, C, D, &c., being the number de- 



266 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

termined on in the Provincial Congress, held at Savan- 
nah, 4th of July, 1775, to represent us in the Provincial 
Congress, to be held at said town of Savannah, on the 
fourth of Decen>ber next. And we do require you, the 
said A, B, C, to do, transact, join, and concur with the 
other delegates of this Province, so sitting as above 
recited, on all things^ as shall appear eligible and fit at 
this alarming time, for the preservation and defence of 
our rights and liberties ; and we further empower you to 
choose other delegates, if in your wisdom you think 
proper ; or if any requisition in that case should be made, 
by the Grand Continental Congress, in order to join or 
succeed the delegates in that Congress, now chosen by 
the people of this Province. And we do bind ourselves 
solemnly under the sacred ties of religion, virtue, and 
honour, and love of our country, to abide by, enforce and 
carry into execution, or endeavour so to do, at the risk 
and peril of our lives and fortunes, whatsoever you with 
the other deleg-ates shall resolve and agree upon to be 
necessary for the well doing and preservation of the 
violated rights of this Province and the Continent in 
general. 

Signed by us this day of 1775- 



Saturday, July 15th, 1775. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a Committee 
be appointed to report their opinion with respect to the 
better governing the Militia of this Province; which 
being agreed to, a Committee was appointed accordingly, 
to wit : Stephen Drayton, Samuel Elbert, Dr. Brownson, 
and Peter Tarlin. 

A motion was made and seconded,^ that a Committee 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 267 

be appointed to communicate to the inhabitants of this 
Province an accotint of the disputes subsisting between 
Great Britain and the colonies, and also the proceedings 
of this Congress; and the same being agreed to, it was 
ordered that the Rev. Dr. Zubly, Noble Wymberly Jones, 
William Young, and George Walton, be a Committee for 
that purpose. 

Resolved, That this Congress shall expire on the 
20th day of August next; that a new election be made 
at such times between the twentieth day of August and 
first of September, as the inhabitants of the several 
parishes and districts (except the town and district of 
Savannah) shall think fit respectively, and that the mem- 
bers so elected, with those who shall afterwards be chosen 
for the town and district of Savannah, do meet in Gen- 
eral Congress at Savannah, on the fourth day of Decem- 
ber next, or sooner, if the Council of Safety shall think it 
expedient to summon them. 

Resolved, That the members of this Congress use 
every endeavour to give as public notice of elections as 
possible, and that each parish and district shall, at the 
time of such elections, likewise choose a sufficient num- 
ber, as a parochial or district committee, to enforce the 
different resolves of the Continental and Provincial Con- 
gresses. 

Resolved, That the inhabitants of the town and dis- 
trict of Savannah do meet at Savannah on Friday, the 
fifteenth day of September next, to choose seventeen dele- 
gates to represent them in Provincial Congress. 

Resolved, That the several delegates for the town and 
district of Savannah, or a majority of them, together with 
all other delegates who shall happen to be in town, shall 
be a General Committee for the Province ; that they shall 

17 r r— Tol 1 



258 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

have power to superintend, direct, and advise all the Pa- 
rochial or District Committees, and, in case of difficulty, 
to inform them of their duty. And any person who shall 
apprehend himself aggrieved by the decision of any of 
the Parochial or District Committees, may appeal to the 
said General Committee, who shall hear his case, and do 
justice according to the spirit and intention of this Con- 
gress ; and in case such appellant shall still be dissatisfied, 
he may lay his case before the next Congress, provided 
there be no delay occasioned by any such appeal ; but the 
sentence of each Committee shall take effect immediately 
after being pronounced. 



Monday, July 17, 1775. 

Resolved, That the Reverend Mr. Haddon Smith, by 
twice refusing to comply with the request of this Con- 
gress, and to join on a day of fasting and prayer ap- 
pointed by the Continental Congress to be observed 
throughout all America, besides the day appointed by his 
Excellency the Governor, at the request of this Congress, 
has given too much reason to believe he does not wish 
that the happy event mentioned in the American Procla- 
mation may take place, and that the said Mr. Haddon 
Smith has thereby incurred the censure of this Congress, 
and ought to be considered as unfriendly to America, 

Resolved, nemine contradicente, That the delegates 
appointed by this Congress to go to Philadelphia, do ap- 
ply to the Continental Congress to incorporate this Prov- 
ince with the United Provinces of North America, and 
that they pledge the faith of us and our constituents to 
contribute an adequate part of the expenses which have 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 269 

or may ajccrue in defence of the violated rights of 
America. 

Resolved, That the Council of Safety have full power, 
upon every emergency, during the recess of Congress, to 
give such information, and propose such measures, by 
way of advice, to our Continental delegates, as the cir- 
cumstances of the case may require, and they shall think 
conducive to the public good. 

RESOI.VED, That it be strongly recommended to the 
friends of America in this Province^ that they use their 
utmost endeavours to preserve peace and good order, and 
to cultivate harmony with one another, and always to 
avoid national reflections, which can only tend to produce 
divisions and jealousies among the inhabitants. 

Resolved^ That this Congress do adjourn to the nine- 
teenth day of August next, and that the General Com- 
mittee have power to call it at Savannah sooner, if they 
upon any emergency shall deem it expedient for the good 
of the Province. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy from the minutes. 

George Walton, Secretary. 



260 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

ADDRESS OF THE COMMITTEE APPOINTED 
BY THE PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 

Savannah, July 2^th, 1775. 

To the Inhabitants of the Province of Georgia: 

Fellow-countrymen — ^We are directed to transmit 
to you an account of the present state of American affairs, 
as well as the proceedings of the late Provincial Con- 
gress. 

It is with great sorrow we are to acquaint you, that 
what our fears suggested, but our reason thought impos- 
sible, is actually come to pass. 

A civil war in America is begun. Several engagement^ 
have already happened. The friends and foes of America 
have been equally disappointed. The friends of America 
were in hopes British troops could not be induced to 
slay their brethren. It is, however, done, and the cir- 
cumstances are such, as must be an everlasting blot on 
their character for humanity and generosity. An unfeel- 
ing commander has found means to inspire his troops 
with the same evil spirit that possesseth himself. After 
the starving, helpless, innocent inhabitants of Boston de- 
livered up their arms, and received his promise that they 
might leave that virtuous, devoted town^ he is said to 
have broke his word; and the wretched inhabitants are 
still kept, to fall a prey to disease, famine, and confine- 
ment. If there are powers which abhor injustice and op- 
pression, it may be hoped such perfidy cannot go long 
unpunished. 

But the enemies of America have been no less disap- 
pointed. Nothing so contemptible, in their eyes, like the 
rabble of an American militia; nothing more improbable 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 261 

than that they would dare to look regulars in the face, 
or stand a single fire. By this time they must have felt 
how much they were mistaken. In every engagement the 
Americans appeared with a bravery worthy of men that 
fight for the liberties of their oppressed country. Their 
success has been remarkable; the number of the slain 
and wounded on every occasion exceeds theirs, and the 
advantages they gained are the more honourable, because, 
with a patience that scarce has an example, they bore 
every act of injustice and insult, till their lives were at- 
tacked, and then gave the fullest proof that the man of 
calmness and moderation in counsel is usually also the 
most intrepid and courageous in battle. You will doubt- 
less lament with us the hundreds that died in their coun- 
tries' cause : but does it not call for greater sorrow that 
thousands of British soldiers sought and found their 
deaths when they were active to enslave their brethren 
and their country ? However irritating all these proceed- 
ings, yet so unnatural is this quarrel, that every good man 
must wish and pray that it may soon cease ; that the in- 
jured rights of America may be vindicated by milder 
means; and that no more blood may be shed, unless it 
be of those who fomented, and mean to make an advan- 
tage of those unhappy divisions. From the proceedings 
of the Congress, a copy of which accompanies the present, 
you will be convinced that a reconciliation on honour- 
able principles is an object which your delegates never 
lost sight of. We have sent an humble and manly 
petition to his Majesty ; addressed his representative^ our 
Governor; provided, as far as in our power, for internal 
quiet and safety; and delegates will soon attend the Gen- 
eral Congress, to assist and co-operate in any measure 
that shall be thought necessary for the saving of America. 
His Excellency, at. our request, having appointed the 
19th inst. as a day of humiliation, and news being after- 
wards received that the Continental Congress had recom- 



262 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

mended the 20th inst. to be observed as such, both days 
have been observed with a becoming solemnity; and we 
humbly hope many earnest prayers have been presented 
to the Father of Mercies on that day, through this ex- 
tensive continent, and that He has heard the cries of the 
destitute, and will not despise their prayers. You will 
permit us most earnestly to recommend to you a steady 
perseverance in the cause of Liberty^ and that you will 
use all possible caution not to say or do anything un- 
worthy of so glorious a cause; to promote frugality, 
peace and good order, and in the practice of every social 
and religious duty, patiently to wait the return of that 
happy day, when we may quietly sit under our vine and 
fig-tree, and no man make us afraid. 

J. J. ZUBI.Y, 

N. W. Jones, 
George Wawon. 



The following is a copy of a petition from the inhabitants 
of Georgia, which was presented to the King on 
Friday, October 28, by Governor Johnstone, and of 
letters which accompanied it. 

Savannah, /u/y 14, 1775. 
To George Johnstone, Esq. : 

Sir — It is with singular pleasure that I am desired to 
transmit the accompanying papers to you, sensible that 
in a cause where the essential rights of so many millions 
are concerned, no endeavours on your part will be want- 
ing to give them their full effect. 

The many proofs which the people of this Province 
had of your magnanimity, justice and disinterested in- 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 263 

tegrity in establishing the neighboring colony of West 
Florida, have rendered your name respected throughout 
America, and your subsequent conduct has endeared you 
still further to every lover of mankind in the Eastern and 
Western world. 

These motives have determined the Congress in the ap- 
plication they now make. I am sensible, if the same coun- 
sels prevail, the task of conveying such disagreeable 
truths to the throne must prove very painful ; but we be- 
lieve there is no person who would undertake the office 
with less reluctance, or execute it with more becoming 
duty and respect to his Majesty. 

I am, &c.. 



Savannah, Georgia, July 14, 1775. 

Sir — When turbulent and wicked minds are employed 
solely to raise commotions in the State and disturb the 
tranquillity of the subject; when by their baneful in- 
fluence, life, property, and freedom are inhumanly in- 
vaded^ and the innocence and loyalty of thousands are 
unjustly questioned, we, the inhabitants of Georgia, by 
a just delegation from the different parishes being now 
convened in Congress in this town, have resolved to ad- 
dress a dutiful petition, setting forth our grievances and 
the bad tendency of the many wicked and treacherous 
proceedings against this Continent that have passed since 
the year 1763. 

Although we know the fate of all other petitions on 
this head, and cannot flatter ourselves that we should 
meet with one different ; yet, as the right of petitioning 
is the subject's, we beg leave to enclose this our prayer 
and remonstrance to you, hoping and trusting, on the 



264 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

noble sentiments you entertain and support in favour of 
us^ much injured Americans, that, countenanced by one 
of your great abiHties, it may approach the throne. 

We assure you, Sir, we are, and always were, firmly 
attached to his Majesty's family, nor can any thing shake 
our integrity. But when, by evil and wicked ministers, 
our birthright as Englishmen shall be violated, that in- 
tegrity must urge us to hand down to our children a 
right so invaluable 

We conceive our immediate dependence on the crown 
can by no means hinder our doing that indispensable 
duty, in joining with the rest of America against acts 
that tend to enslave a people whose loyalty and faith were 
never even suspected, until the actions of the times wanted 
an excuse. 

We have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient and very humble servants, 

WiLUAM Young, Edward Tei^pair, 

David Zubly, Jr., Daniei. Roberts, 

John Gi.en, Wm. Ewen, 
Steph. Drayton, 

A Committee of Intelligence. 
To George Johnstone, Esq. 

PETITION TO THE KING. 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty: — 

May it Pi^ease Your Majesty : — ^Though we bring 
up the rear of American petitioners, and, from the fate 
of so many petitions presented to your Majesty, from 
America, your great city of London, and others of your 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 265 

European subjects, have a most melancholy prospect, we 
still hope that He by whom kings rule, and to whom 
monarchs are accountable, will incline you to pay some 
regard to our most humble and faithful representation. 
In times like these, when the edge of present feeling is 
blunted by the expectation of calamities still greater, we 
must take the liberty to speak before we die. We would 
acquaint our Sovereign with things which greatly affect 
his interest. We would endeavour to waken the feeling 
and pity of our com.mon father. 

Your Majesty is the rightful sovereign of the most im- 
portant empire in the universe. 

The blessings of Providence on your arms have put a 
country under you of greater importance and extent than 
several kingdoms in Europe. In this large extent of ter- 
ritory, by some late acts, popery is not only tolerated 
(which we conceive would have been an act of justice), 
but an indulgence has been granted, little short of a full 
establishment, to a religion which is equally injurious 
to the rights of sovereign and of mankind. French and 
arbitrary laws have there by authority taken place of the 
just and mild British Constitution^ and all this has been 
done with a professed and avowed design to overawe 
your Majesty's Ancient Protestant and loyal subjects, 
some of whom had no small share in the merit of that 
conquest. Acts to raise a perpetual revenue on the Ameri- 
cans without their consent have been enacted, which, at 
one stroke, turn all your American subjects into slaves, 
and deprive them of that right which the most oppres- 
sive taskmaster does not deny to the servant bought with 
his money. Experience must now have shown, as it will 
clearer, should these acts be enforced, that instead of 
increasing the revenue, or lessening the burden of your 
European subjects, they can only serve to increase their 
taxation. Laws which we conceive fraught with so much 



266 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

injustice have been attempted to be enforced by equal 
cruelty, and whenever we thought ourselves at the height 
of our troubles, your Majesty's ministers have stretched 
their unhappy ingenuity to find out new methods of dis- 
tress, and, it is believed, methods have been more than 
thought of, too shocking to human nature, to be even 
named in the list of grievances suffered under a British 
king. 

The goodness of God hath made your Majesty the 
father of a very numerous issue, on whom we place the 
pleasing hopes of a protestant succession ; but your Maj- 
esty's arms in America now every day make mothers 
childless, and children fatherless. The blood of your 
subjects has been shed with pleasure rather than with 
pity. For an act which amounted to no more, even under 
the worst construction, than an irregular zeal for con- 
stitutional liberty, and without any step taken to find out 
the supposed guilty persons, the capital of your American 
dominions has been blocked up, deprived of its trade, and 
its poor of subsistence. Thousands, confessedly inno- 
cent, have been starved, ruined, driven from, or kept like 
prisoners, in their own habitations ; their cries and blood 
innocently shed have undoubtedly, and daily, reached to 
His ears who hateth injustice and oppression. 

Believe, us, great sir, America is not divided ; all men 
(crown officers not excepted) speak of these acts and 
measures with disapprobation, and if there has been some 
difference of opinion as to the mode of relief, the rigorous 
experiments which your ministry thought fit to try on 
the Americans have been the most effectual means to 
convince these of the iniquitous designs of your min- 
istry, and to unite them all as in a common cause. Your 
Majesty's ministers after introducing the deamon of dis- 
cord into your empire, and driving America to the brink 
of despair, place all their dignity in measures obstinately 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 267 

pursued, because they were once wantonly taken. They 
hearkened to no information but what represented Amer- 
icans as rebels or cowards. Time will every day make it 
clearer how much they were infatuated and mistaken. 
Too long, we must lament, have these men imposed on 
your paternal affection. Deign now, most gracious Prince, 
in their room, to hearken to the cries of your loyal and 
affectionate subjects of this extensive Continent; let the 
goodness of your heart interpose between weak or wicked 
ministers, and millions of loyal and affectionate subjects. 
No longer let the sword be stained with the blood of 
your own children; recall your troops and fleets; and 
if any misunderstanding remains, let the Americans be 
heard, and justice and equity take place. Let us be ruled 
according to the known principles of our excellent Con- 
stitution, and command the last shilling of our property, 
and the last drop of our blood in your service. 

Uncertain as to the event of this our humble represen- 
tation, it affords us a relief that we may^ unrestrained, 
apply to the great and merciful Sovereign of the whole 
earth, who will not despise the prayer of the oppressed ; 
and to Him we most ardently pray that, the wicked being 
removed from before the king, the king^s throne may be 
established in righteousness. 

By order of the Congress, at Savannah, this 14th day 

^f July. 

A. Bui.i<0CH^ President, 



At this session Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun, 
Noble Wymberly Jones, George Walton and John 
Joachim Zubly were elected by the Provincial Congress 
to represent Georgia in the Continental Congress at Phil- 
adelphia. Mr. Zubly at first took his seat in congress, 
but, through weakness rather than dishonesty, betrayed 
his trust and became a loyalist. 



268 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

It was also provided that an election should be held in 
all the parishes and districts at such time after the ad- 
journment of the congress, not later than the first day of 
September, for delegates to a ne^v Provincial Congress, 
as the people of each Parish or district might deem fit, 
and that the delegates thus elected should meet in Prov- 
incial Congress at Savannah on the fourth day of Decem- 
ber following, or sooner if the Council of Safety should 
deem it advisable. When the elections were held persons 
favorable to the contentions of the colonies were elected 
in every parish and district. Because their annual supply 
of ammunition, usually furnished them by the British 
government, had failed to reach them, the Creek and 
Cherokee Indians, by whom Georgia was surrounded, 
urged on by Stewart and Cameron, the agents of the 
British government for Indian affairs in the south, began 
to manifest an ugly spirit and to contemplate a descent 
upon the inhabitants of the frontier parishes of Georgia 
and Carolina. Detained at home by apprehensions of 
danger from this source, the members elected to this new 
Provincial Congress did not succeed in organizing a 
House until the twentieth of January, 1776. When it did 
meet, the venerable and patriotic Archibald Bulloch was 
elected President of the Executive Council. PreSsident 
Ewen, of the Council of Safety, laid before the congress 
all the correspondence with the Councils of Safety in the 
other provinces, together with many other papers, show- 
ing the temper of the other provinces and the attitude of 
the British government towards the colonies, among them 
the address of the House of Commons to the King at the 
assembling of ' Parliament in the preceding October, in 
which that body assured his Majesty of its loyal and 
earnest support in his efforts to crush out the incipient 
rebellion by force of arms. 

When this last document was read it fired the hearts 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 269 

of the hesitating deputies and they at once resolved to 
meet force with force, and an order was issued for the 
arrest of Governor Sir James Wright and several mem- 
bers of his Executive Council. 

On the eighteenth of January, two days before the con- 
vening of the Provincial Congress, Joseirfi Habersham, 
a member of both the Council of Safety and the Provin- 
cial Congress, accompanied by a small band of patriots 
who volunteered to go with him, arrested the Governor 
while in conference with his Council. The members of 
the Council fled precipitately and dispersed in every di- 
rection. The Governor was put on parole and ordered 
to confine himself to his own house and to have no com- 
munication with either his council or other officers of 
the King, or any person inimical to the cause of the peo- 
ple, and a guard was placed at his front door to prevent 
his escape. Governor Wright observed his parole of 
honor for a time, but after nearly four weeks of confine- 
ment broke it, and, escaping through a back door of his 
house, fled in the night time and made his way, under 
cover of darkness, to an armed British ship anchored in 
the harbor. 

Two days after he reached the ship he, in violation of 
his parole, addressed the following communication to his 
Council in Savannah: 

"HoNORABivE Gentlemen — After using my best en- 
deavours for upward of three weeks to prevail on those 
in whose hands the present ruling powers are, that the 
commanders of his Majesty's ships here might obtain as- 
surances that they might come to town and have free 
intercourse with me without receiving any insults from 
the people assembled in and about town; also that the 
King's shi|>s might be supplied with provisions on pay- 
ing the full price or value of them; and finding that 



270 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

the last message relative to these matters which I desired 
the representatives of the town of Savannah to deliver to 
the persons exercising those powers was so lightly treated 
and little regarded as that, although delivered on Tues- 
day morning the 6th instant, yet I received no kind of 
answer to it for five days, nor did I understand whether 
it was meant to give me any answer or not; and well 
knowing that it was essential to his . Majesty's service 
and the welfare of this Province that I should have an 
interview with the King's officers here ; for these reasons 
and many others which you were made acquainted with 
and approved of, I determined in all events to attempt 
coming down here, where I arrived at three o'clock yes- 
terday morning. And after having examined and duly 
weighed and considered my several letters from Eng- 
land, and General Howe at Boston, and after having had 
a full conversation with his Majesty's Officers here, I 
have the great satisfaction to be able to affirm from 
the best authority that the forces now here will not com- 
mit any hostilities against this Province, though fully 
sufficient to reduce and overcome every opposition that 
could be attempted to be made and that nothing is meant 
or wanted but a friendly intercourse and a supply of 
fresh provisions. This his Majesty's officers have an 
undoubted right to expect, and what they insist upon: 
and this I not only solemnly require in his Majesty's 
name but also, as (probably) the best friend the people 
of Georgia have, advise them without the least hesitation 
to comply with, or it may not be in my power to insure 
them the continuance of the peace and quietude they now 
have, if it may be called so. 

His Majesty has been graciously pleased to grant me 
leave to return to England, and (whatever may be 
thought) my regard for the Province and people is such 
that I cannot avoid (and possibly for the last time) ex- 
horting the people to save themselves and their posterity 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIATv CONGRESS. 271 

from that total ruin and destruction which, although they 
may not, yet I most clearly see at the threshold of their 
doors: and I cannot leave them without again warning 
them in the most earnest and friendly manner, to desist 
from their present plans and resolutions. It is still in 
their power: and if they will enable me to do it, I will, 
(as far as I can) engage to give and endeavour to obtain 
for them full pardon and forgiveness for all past crimes 
and offences ; and this I conjure you to consider well and 
most seriously of, before it's too late. But let things 
happen as they may, be it remembered that I this day in 
the King's name offer the people of Georgia the Olive 
branch, that most desirable object and inestimable bless- 
ing, the return of peace to them and their posterity. 

"Captain Barclay has desired me to notify that he is 
willing and ready to give every assistance in his power 
to the captains of all such merchant ships as may be 
legally cleared out to enable them to proceed on their 
respective voyages. I am also to acquaint you that the 
detention of the schooner on Friday and Saturday last 
proceeded entirely from a mistake by the officer who 
commanded the armed sloop, and that if the owner will 
send down, the schooner will not only be delivered up, 
but any reasonable price will be paid for the damaged rice 
that was on board — ^part of which has been used to feed 
hogs and poultry— or they may take it away again. I 
am also to mention that the same armed sloop will be 
sent up tomorrow to Four Mile Point in order to get 
fresh water, and for no other purpose. 

"This letter, which I consider as of the utmost con- 
sequence and importance to the whole people of Georgia, 
I must desire you will be pleased to communicate to the 
Assembly, if sitting, and if not, to those who are called 
the Council of Safety, and especially to the inhabitants 
of the town and Province in general, and acquaint them 



272 REVOLUTIPNARY RECORDS. 

that I shall expect their full and clear answer to every 
part of it in a reasonable time. 

"I am, with perfect esteem, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient and faithful servant, 

James Wright/' 



The congress adjourned without giving Governor 
Wright any answer to this letter. After the adjourn- 
ment, and after the members had dispersed to their homes 
in the several parishes, the Governor and the naval officers 
in the harbor attempted to force their way into Savannah. 
This effort was vigorously resisted by the patriots. The 
British vessels were fired on from the shore by Major 
Joseph Habersham, and three of them were burned by 
Captain, afterwards Commodore, Bowen, and six were 
dismantled and only two escaped to sea. 

It was at this juncture, when there was a probability 
that the town of Savannah might fall into the hands of 
the enemy, that the patriots prepared for a sacrifice but 
seldom, if ever, made by a people struggling for liberty. 
The Council of Safety passed an order that the houses 
of all the friends of liberty and of all widows and orphans 
in the town be appraised and a record made of the ap- 
praisement bills, no notice being taken of the houses of 
those who were in sympathy with the royal government, 
and that if the British forces should effect a landing and 
occupy the town the torch should be applied, so that the 
minions of the King would find themselves in possession, 
not of a town, but a heap of smoldering ruins. This 
proposition of the Council of Safety was submitted to a 
mass meeting of the property holders of the town who 
were adherents to the popular cause, and was approved by 
them without a dissenting voice, and Colonel Mcintosh, 
who was in command of the little American force, was or- 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 273 

dered to carry out the order. Fortunately, however, the 
emergency did not arise, the enemy having been driven 
away before he could effect a landing. Still this incident 
serves to show how devoted were the patriots of Savannah 
to the cause of liberty, and what sacrifices they were pre- 
pared to make should occasion require it. 

Before its adjournment this congress, having put Geor- 
gia squarely in line with the other provinces, appointed 
Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun, Lyman Hall, Button 
Gwinnett and George Walton to represent the state in 
the Continental Congress, and provided for the organ- 
ization of a regiment of troops on the continental basis 
to aid in the common defense, and appointed the follow- 
ing officers to command it : Lachlan Mcintosh, Colonel ; 
Samuel Elbert, Lieutenant-Colonel^ and Joseph Haber- 
sham, Major. The militia was thoroughly organized and 
drilled, and active military operations preparatory to 
resistance to the continuance of British aggression were 
seen on every hand. Paper money was authorized to 
meet the necessary expenses, and penalties provided for 
those who refused to take it in trade at its nominal value, 
or otherwise so acted as to depreciate its purchasing 
power. 

This action on the part of the congress was not pre- 
mature, for when Governor Wright broke his parole and 
took refuge in the armed vessel '^Scarborough," he found, 
among other communications awaiting him, a copy of an 
act of Parliament, passed late in December, 1775^ pro- 
hibiting commercial " intercourse between Great Britain 
and all of the American colonies, Georgia included, and 
a letter addressed to him, directing the confiscation of all 
of the property of the people of the colony excepting 
that of the adherents to the royal government. Thus, by 
the royal edict, a majority of the people of the colony 

18rr-T0ll 



274 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

were reduced to beggary for daring to demand for them- 
selves the rights guaranteed by the British constitution 
to every subject of the British King. 

When the British war-ships made their appearance be- 
fore Savannah early in March, the legislature adjourned 
to Augusta, where the body assembled on the eighth day 
of that month and elected John Wereat Speaker. With- 
out a constitution, and without any sort of fundamental 
law to g^ide them^ the members were at a loss to know 
how to proceed, and yet the revolution had reached that 
point at which it was imperatively necessary to provide 
the requisite machinery to keep the government going 
and prevent a state of anarchy. The colonial laws were 
all of force, but there were no officers, or at least but 
few, to enforce them, for, as was to be expected, most of 
the officers under the royal government sided with the 
King's party and their offices were vacant. Still, many of 
the members of the congress hesitated to act, because they 
had not been elected by their constituents, to alter any 
fundamental law, but to provide for the enforcement of 
the statute laws already enacted. 

Finally, on the 15th of April, 1776, the Congress, real- 
izing that no government could be carried on without 
some sort of fundamental law, adopted the following 
preamble and resolutions as "a ground-work of a more 
stable and formal government :" 

"COLONY OF GEORGIA:— 

"Whereas, the unwise and iniquitous system of admin- 
istration obstinately persisted in by the British Parlia- 
ment and Ministry against the good people of America 
hath at length driven the latter to take up arms as their 
last resource for the preservation of their rights and 
liberties which God and the Constitution gave them : 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 276 

"And whereas an armed force, with hostile intentions 
against the people of this Province, having lately arrived 
at Cockspur, his Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, 
and King's Governor of Georgia, in aid of the views of 
the administration and with a design to add to those in- 
conveniences which necessarily result from a state of 
confusion, suddenly and unexpectedly carried off the 
great seal of the Province with him; 

"And whereas, in consequence of this and other events, 
doubts have arisen with the several magistrates how far 
they are authorized to act under the former appointments, 
and the greatest part of them have absolutely refused to 
do so, whereby all judicial powers are become totally sus- 
pended to the great danger of persons and property ; 

"And whereas, before any .general system of govern- 
ment can be concluded upon, it is necessary that applica- 
tion be made to the Continental Congress for their advice 
and directions upon the same; but^ nevertheless, in the 
present state of things, it is indispensably requisite that 
some temporary expedient be fallen upon to curb the law- 
less and protect the peaceable; 

"This Congress, therefore, as the representatives of 
the people, with whom all power originates, and for 
whose benefit all government is intended, deeply im- 
pressed with a sense of duty to their constituents, of love 
to their country, and inviolable attachment to the liberties 
of America, and seeing how much it will tend to the ad- 
vantage of each to preserve rules, justice, and order, do 
take upon them for the present, and until the further 
order of the Continental Congress, or of this, or any 
future Provincial Congress, to declare, and they accord- 
ingly do declare, order, and direct that the following rules 
and regulations be adopted in this Province — that is to 
say — 



276 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

"ist. There shall be a President and Commander-in- 
Chief appointed by ballot in this Congress, for six months, 
or during the time specified above. 

"2d. There shall be, in like manner, and for the like 
time, also a Council of Safety, consisting of thirteen per- 
sons, besides the five delegates to the General Congress, 
appointed to act in the nature of a Privy Council to the 
said President or Commander-in-Chief. 

"3d. That the President shall be invested with all the 
executive powers of government not inconsistent with 
what is hereafter mentioned, but shall be bound to con- 
sult and follow the advice of the said Council in all cases 
whatsoever, and any seven of the said Committee shall 
be a quorum for the purpose of advising. 

"4th. That all the laws, whether common or statute, 
and the acts of Assembly which have formerly been ac- 
knowledged to be of force in this Province, and which do 
not Interfere with the proceedings of the Continental or 
our Provincial Congresses, and also all and singular the 
resolves and recommendations of the said Continental 
and Provincial Congress, shall be of full force, validity, 
and effect until otherwise ordered. 

"5th. That there shall be a Chief- Justice, and two 
assistant judges, an Attorney-General, a Provost-Mar- 
shal, and Clerk of the Court of Sessions, appointed by 
ballot, to serve during the pleasure of the Congress. 
The Court of Sessions, or Oyer and Tepniner, shall be 
opened and held on the second Tuesday in June and De- 
cember, and the former rules and methods of proceedings, 
as nearly as may be^ shall be observed in regard to sum- 
moning of Juries and all other cases whatsoever. 

"6th. That the President or Commander-in-Chief, 
with the advice of the Council as before mentioned, shall 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 277 

appoint magistrates to act during pleasure in the several 
Parishes throughout this Province, and such magistrates 
shall conform themselves, as nearly as may be, to the old 
established forms and methods of proceedings. 

"7th. That all legislative powers shall be reserved to 
the Congress, and no person who holds any place of 
profit, civil or military, shall be eligible as a member 
either of the Congress or of the Council of Safety. 

"8th. That the following sums shall be allowed as 
salaries to the respective officers for and during the time 
they shall serve, over and besides all such perquisites and 
fees as have been formerly annexed to the said offices 
respectively : 

"To the President and Commander-in-Chief 
after the rate per annum, of Sterling. . .£300 

To the Chief Justice 100 

To the Attorney-General 25 

To the Provost Marshal 60 

To the Clerk of Court 50" 



Archibald Bulloch was elected President and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of Georgia; John Glen, Chief Justice; 
William Stephens, Attorney-General, and James Jack- 
son, Clerk of Court. 

On the first of May, 1776, the Council of Safety sent 
the following congratulatory address to Mr. Bulloch, the 
first President of Georgia : 

"May it please your Excellency, 

"The long session of the late Congress, together with 
the season of the year, called particularly for a speedy 
recess : and the House having adjourned while you were 
out of town it becomes more particularly necessary for 



278 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

us to address your Excellency. All, therefore, with un- 
feigned confidence and regard^ beg leave to congratulate 
not only your Excellency on your appointment to, but 
your country on your acceptance of, the supreme com- 
mand of this Province. 

"It would be needless and tedious to recount the vari- 
ous and yet multiplying oppressions which have driven 
the people of this Province to erect that government which 
they have called upon you to see executed. Suffice it then 
to declare that it was only an alternative of anarchy and 
misery, and, by consequence, the effect of dire necessity. 
Your Excellency will know that it was the endeavor of 
the Congress to stop every avenue of vice and oppression, 
lest the infant virtue of a still more infant Province might 
in time rankle into corruption: and we doubt not that 
by your Excellency's exertions all the resolutions made 
or adopted by Congress will be enforced with firmness 
without any regard to any individual or any set of men : 
for no government can be said to be established while 
any part of the community refuses submission to its au- 
thority. In the discharge of this arduous and important 
task your Excellency may rely on our constant and best 
endeavors to assist and support you.'' 

To this address the President replied as follows : 

"HoNORABi^E Gentlemen, — I am much obliged to you 
for your kind expressions of congratulation on my ap- 
pointment to the supreme command of this Colony. When 
I reflect from whence the appointment is derived, that of 
the free and imcorrupt suffrages of my fellow citizens, it 
cannot fail to stimulate me to the most vigorous exertions 
in the discharge of the important duties to which I am 
called by our Provincial Congress. While I have the 
advice and assistance of gentlemen of known integrity 
and abilities, I doubt not but I shall be enabled to enforce 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 279 

and carry into execution every resolve and law of Con- 
gress. And, as far as lies with me^ my country may de- 
pend I will, with a becoming firmness, and the greatest 
impartiality, always endeavor to cause Justice in mercy 
to be executed." 

Thus Archibald Bulloch became, in fact, the first Gov- 
ernor of Georgia clothed with all the powers of Chief 
Executive, but required always to act under the advice 
and with the consent of the Council of Safety. President 
Bulloch at once went vigorously to work to strengthen 
the province and increase the military force organized 
for its defence, and to carry into effect a resolution of 
the Continental Congress issued the following proclama- 
tion: 

Georgia, July 12, 1776. 

By his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esq., President 
and Commander-in-Chief of the said Province : 

A PROCLAMATION : 

Whereas, the present struggle for our invaluable 
rights and liberties in this Province makes it requisite to 
give every encouragement to all such persons who are 
willing to enter into the service of their country; and our 
Provincial Congress at their last meeting having taken 
the same under consideration, and being willing and 
ready to promote the welfare of every friend to the 
American cause, have thought fit to resolve, "That all 
persons inlisting in the service of this Province, who do 
faithfully serve in the present contest until a peace shall 
be concluded with Great Britain, or shall serve three 
years in the present war, shall be entitled to one hundred 
acres of land in this Province; and should any of the 
aforesaid men be killed in defence of this Province, his 
wife or family shall be entitled to the same." 



280 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

I do therefore issue this my Proclamation, declaring 
that every man who shall inlist in any of the Troops of 
Horse, or Companies of Foot, raised for the defence of 
this Province, and shall serve agreeable to the terms 
above mentioned shall be entitled to a grant of one 
hundred acres of land as aforesaid, and in case of acci- 
dent, his wife and family shall receive and enjoy the same 
emolument. 

Given under my hand and seal at Savannah, the 12th 
day of July, 1776. 

Archibald Bulloch. 

By his Excellency's command: 

Edward Langworthy, Secretary. 



\ 



On the' fourth of July, 1776, the Continental Congress 
at Philadelphia proclaimed the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, and on the tenth day of August following an official 
copy of this declaration was received by President Bul- 
loch through the hands of a special messenger sent by 
John Hancock, President of Congress. President Bul- 
loch at once called the Executive Council together and 
read to them the ever memorable document, and a few 
days afterward, with the advice and consent of the Coun- 
cil, issued the following proclamation : — 

"GEORGIA, 

By His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, Presi- 
dent and Commander-in-Chief of the said State in Coun- 
cil. 

Whereas it has been resolved by congress that it be 
recommended to the representative assemblies and con- 
ventions of the United States, where no government 
equal to the exigencies of their affairs has been estab- 
lished, to adopt such government as shall in the opinion 



JOURNAL OF PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 281 

of the representatives of the people best conduce to the 
happiness and safety of their constituents in particular 
and America in general. And whereas the Honorable 
the Congress of the United States has received no answer 
whatever to the humble petition of these states for the 
redress of grievances, and seeing the whole force of Great 
Britain, aided by foreign mercenaries^ is to be excited 
for the destruction of the good people of these states, 
have judged it necessary to dissolve all connection be- 
tween Great Britain and the said United States and have 
accordingly declared them to be free and independent 
states. And whereas, we have received sundry dispatches 
from our delegates at Philadelphia, enclosing blank com- 
missions for letters of Marque with copies of bonds and 
other matters of public business. 

And whereas the term for which our state Legislature 
were appointed will expire on the last day of the present 
month of August and a new election is ordered to be held 
throughout this state between the first and the tenth days 
of September next, for the purpose of choosing represen- 
tatives to meet in convention at Savannah on the first 
Tuesday in October. Taking these premises into consid- 
eration, I have thought fit, by and with the consent of 
the Council, to order the several parishes and districts 
within this State to proceed to the election of delegates 
between the first and tenth days of September next to 
form and sit in convention ; and the delegates so elected 
are directed to convene at Savannah on the first Tuesday 
in October following when business of the highest con- 
sequence to the government and welfare of the state will 
be opened for their consideration. 

Archibald Bulloch.'' 

By his Excellency's Command 

Edward Langworthy^ Sec'. 



282 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

The elections were held and the delegates assembled in 
Savannah on the first Tuesday in October, 1776, and en- 
tered upon the work of framing a constitution for the 
state. The convention did not complete its work and ad- 
journ until the fifth day of February, 1777. Unfortu- 
nately no journal of its proceedings is now in existence, 
and nowhere can even a list of the names of the men who 
sat in it be found. All the records of its work we now 
have, after the lapse of a hundred and thirty years, is the 
Constitution which it, without model or precedent, made 
for Georgia. It is here inserted, and is as follows : — 

(From the State Archives.) 

"the constitution of the state of 

GEORGIA. 

Whereas the condud of the legislature of Great-Brit- 
ain, for many years past, has been so oppressive on the 
people of America^ that of late years they have plainly 
declared, and asserted a right to raise taxes upon the 
people of America, and to make laws to bind them in all 
cases whatsoever, without their consent; which condud 
being repugnant to the common rights of mankind, hath 
obliged the Americans, as freemen, to oppose such op- 
pressive measures, and to assert the rights and privileges 
they are entitled to, by the laws of nature and reason; 
and accordingly it hath been done by the general consent 
of all the people of the states of New-Hampshire, Massa- 
chusetts-Bay, Rhode-Island, Connedicut, New- York, 
New- Jersey, Pennsylvania, the counties of New-Castle, 
Kent and Suffex on the Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, given by 
their representatives met together in General Congress 
in the city of Philadelphia 

And whereas it hath been recommended by the said 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 283 

Congress on the fifteenth of May last, to the respedive 
assemblies and conventions of the United States, where 
no government, sufficient to the energies of their affairs, 
hath been hitherto established, to adopt such government, 
as may, in the opinion of the representatives of the peo- 
ple, best conduce to the happiness and safety of their 
constituents in particular, and America in general. 

And whereas the independence of the' United States of 
America has been also declared, on the fourth day of 
July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy six, by the 
said Honorable Congress, and all political connection be- 
tween them and the crown of Great-Britain is in conse- 
quence thereof dissolved. 

We therefore the representatives of the people, from 
whom all power originates, and for whose benefit all gov- 
ernment is intended^ by virtue of the power delegated to 
us, do ordain and declare, and it is hereby ordained and 
declared, that the following rules and regulations be 
adopted for the future government of the state. 

I. The legislature, executive, and judiciary depart- D«i«rtiii«it8 of 

ffOTenmieiit to 

ments shall be separate and distind, so that neither exer- be distinct, 
cise the powers properly belonging to the other. 

II. The legislature of this state shall be composed of Btoctfcm of 
the people, as is herein after pointed out : and the repre- **^«^ 
sentatives shall be eleded yearly, and every year, on the 

first Tuesday in December; and the representatives so 
elected shall meet the first Tuesday in January following, 
at Savannah, or any other place or places where the 
House of Assembly for the time being shall direct. On 
the first day of the meeting of the representatives soofti»Gov- 
chosen, they shall proceed to the choice of a Governor, 
who shall be stiled Honorable; and of an executive coun- 
cil, by ballot, out of their own body ; viz. two from each 



284 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

county, except those counties which are not yet entitled 
to send ten members. One of each county shall always 
attend where the governor resides, by monthly rotation, 
unless the members of each county agree for a longer or 
shorter period; this is not intended to exclude either 
member attending: the remaining number of represen- 
tatives shall be called the House of Assembly : and the 
majority of the members of the said house shall have 
power to proceed to business. 

III. It shall be an unalterable rule, that the House of 
iUsMjiy to be Assembly shall expire, and be at an end yearly, and 

every year, on the day preceding the day of eleAion 
mentioned in the foregoing rule. 

IV. The representatives shall be divided in the fol- 

Ten memben « . . « ^ i_ a • 

from each lowmg manner ; ten members from each county, as is 

coanty except 

fJmrti^** Jm» herein after directed, except the county of Liberty, which 
contains three parishes, and that shall be allowed four- 
teen. The ceded lands north of Ogechee shall be one 
county, and known by the name of Wilkes. 

The parish of St. Paul shall be another county, and 
known by the name of Richmond. 

The parish of St. George shall be another county and 
known by the name of Burke. 

The parish of St. Matthew, and the upper part of St. 
Philip, above Canouchee^ shall be another county, and 
known by the name of Effingham. 

The parish of Christ Church, and the lower part of 
St. l^^hilip, below Canouchee, shall be another county, and 
known by the name of Chatham. 

The parish of St. John, St. Andrew, and St. James 
shall be another county, and known by the name of Lib- 
erty. 



WilkflB. 



Bvrke. 



Bffinff bulla 



Utmtjr. 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 286 

The parish of St. David and St. Patrick shall be an- _ 
Other county, and known by the name of Glynn. 

The parish of St. Thomas and St. Mary shall be an- 
other county, and known by the name of Camden. 

The port and town of Savannah shall be allowed fourjour^ 

for the port & 

members to represent their trade. Shf ^ ^^^' 

The port and town of Sunbury shall be allowed two tvo for Sun- 
members to represent their trade. 

V. The two counties of Glynn and Camden shall have^ 

one representative each^, and also they, and all other coun-^JJJJtjJJ "•'',. 
ties that may hereafter be laid out by the House of As-****"*^ 
sembly, shall be under the following regulations, viz. 
At their first institution, each county shall have one mem- 
ber, provided the inhabitants of the said county shall have 
ten electors; and if thirty, they shall have two; if forty, 
three; if sixty, four; if eig^hty, six; if an hundred and up- 
wards, ten; at which time two executive counsellors shall 
be chosen from them, as is directed for the other coun- 
ties. 

VI. The representatives shall be chosen out of the 
residents of each county, who shall have resided at least 
twelve months in this state, and three months in the 
county where they shall be elected ; except the freehold- 
ers of the counties of Glynn and Camden, who are in a 
state of alarm, and who shall have the liberty of choosing 
one member each, as specified in the articles of this con- 
stitution, in any other county, until they have residence 
sufficient to qualify them for more : And they shall be of 
the protestant religion, and of the age of twenty one 
years, and shall be possessed in their own right of two 
hundred and fifty acres of land, or some property to the 
amount of two hundred and fifty pounds. 



iita- 



286 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

VII. The House of Assembly shall have power to 
^2^^ ^^^ make such laws and regulations as may be conducive to 
**^ the good order and well being of the state ; provided such 

laws and regulations be not repugnant to the true intent 
and meaning of any rule or regulation contained in this 
constitution. 

The House of Assembly shall also have power to re- 
JS«-^<Soo8e peal all laws and ordinances they find injurious to the 
o?h2Sc«!r^ people : And the house shall choose its own speaker, ap- 

ftDd direct writs ^ . . . . ,. 

of etoetioii. pomt jts owu officers, settle its own rules of proceeding, 
and dired writs of eledion for supplying intermediate 
vacancies; and shall have power of adjournment to any 
time or times within the year. 

VIII. All laws and ordinances shall be three times 
Methodof|Ms- read, and each reading shall be on different and separate 

days, except in cases of great necessity and danger; and 
all laws and ordinances shall be sent to the executive 
council, after the second reading, for their perusal and 
advice. 

IX. All male white inhabitants, of the age of twenty 
gMttttotionof Qj^g years, and possessed in his own right of ten pounds 

value, and liable to pay tax in this state, or being of any 
mechanic trade, and shall have been resident six months 
in this state, shall have a right to vote at all eleAions for 
representatives, or any other officers herein agreed to be 
chosen by the people at large ; and every person having a 

^i^ctuaxhy ^^S^^ *^ ^ote at any eledion, shall vote by ballot per- 

**"*^ sonally. 

X. No officer whatever shall serve any process, or 
To b« free and give any Other hindrance to any person entitled to vote, 

either in going to the place of eledion, or during the time 
of the said election, or on their returning home from 
such eledion; nor shall any military officer, or soldier. 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 287 

appear at any eledlion in military character, to the intent 
that all eledions may be free and open. 

XL No person shall be entitled to more then one vote, 
which shall be given in the county where such person whew thS^ 
resides, except as before excepted; nor shall any person 
who holds any title of nobility be entitled to a vote, or be^^^dfa- 
capable of serving as a representative, or hold any post 
of honor, profit or trust in this state, whilst such person 
claims his title of nobility ; but if the person shall give up 
such distindion, in the manner as may be directed by any 
future legislature, then, and in such case, he shall be en- 
titled to vote, and represent, as before direAed, and enjoy 
all the other benefits of a free citizen. 

XII. Every person absenting himself from an elec- 
tion, and shall neglect to give in his or their ballot, 'dthSoDgtSVoie 
such eledion, shall be subject to a penalty not exceeding 

five pounds; the mode of recovery, and also the appro- 
priation thereof, to be pointed out and direded by ad of 
the legislature; provided nevertheless, that a -reasonable 
excuse shall be admitted. 

XIII. The manner of eleding representatives shall be 

by ballot, and shall be taken by two or more justices of SSSSh^Tto 
the peacej in each county, who shall provide a convenient 
box for receiving the said ballots ; and on closing the poll, 
the ballots shall be compared in public, with the list of 
votes that have been taken, and the majority immediately 
declared; a certificate of the same being given to the 
persons eleded, and also a certificate returned to the 
house of representatives. 

XIV. Every person entitled to vote shall take the f ol- gj^g^^^g ^^^j^^ 
lowing oath, or affirmation, if required, viz. 

*I, A. B. do voluntarily and solemnly swear, or affirm, 
as the case may be^ that I do owe true allegiance to this 



:288 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



ttepreMBte- 
tivefl, how 



th«ir Mth. 



State, and will support the constitution thereof. So help 
me God.' 

XV. Any five of the representatives elecfted, tis before 
directed, beings met, shall have power to administer the 
following oath to each other; and they or any other mem- 
ber, being so sworn, shall in the house administer the 
oath to all other members that attend, in order to qualify 
them to take their seats, viz. 

'I, A, B, do solemnly swear, that I will bear true alle- 
giance to the state of Georgia, and will truly perform the 
trusts reposed in me ; and that I will execute the same to 
the best of my knowledge, for the benefits of this state, 
and the support of the constitution thereof; and that I 
have obtained my election without fraud or bribe what- 
ever. So help me God.' 



XVI. The continental delegates shall be appointed 

ggj^JSf^p- annually by ballot, and shall have a right to sit, debate 

ffi^**Ap«rfofand vote, in the House of Assembly, and be deemed a 

^' part thereof ; subject however to the regulations contained 

in tlie twelfth article of the confederation of the United 

States. 



XVII. No person bearing any post of profit under 
^'^j^.^^this state, or any person bearing any military commission, 
under this or any other state or states, except officers of 
the militia, shall be eleded a representative. And if any 
representative shall be appointed to any place of profit or 
military commission, which he shall accept, his seat shall 
immediately become vacant, and he shall be incapable of 
re-eledion, whilst holding such office. 

By this trticle, it is not to be understood that the office 
of a justice of the peace is a post of profit. 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 289 

XVIIL No person shall hold more than one office of £5<f^^SS 
profit, under this state, at one and the same time. SrSfl?**^ 

XIX. The g^overnor shall, with the advice of the ex- 
ecutive council, exercise the executive powers of govern- SSSweoM- 
ment, according to the laws of this state and the constitu- * ^^"' 
tion thereof; save only in the case of pardons, and re- 
mission of fines, which he shall in no instance grant ; but 

he may reprieve a criminal^ suspend a fine, until the meet- 
ing of the Assembly ; who may determine therein as they 
shall judge fit. 

XX. The gfovemor, with the advice of the executive 
council, shall have power to call the House of Assembly ^ aSS^Sf. 
together, upon any emergency, before the time which they 

stand adjourned to. 

XXI. The governor, with the advice of the executive 
council, shall fill up all intermediate vacancies that shall ^ ^^Sue 
happen in the offices till the next general eledion : And 

all commissions, civil and military, shall be issued by the 
governor, under his, hand, and the great seal of the state. 

XXII. The governor may preside in the executive 

council at all times, except when they are taking intoJSl^ggJiwII 
consideration, and perusing the laws and ordinances of- ■'*® ^ eoancn 
fered to them by the House of Assembly. 

XXIII. The governor shall be chosen annually by 

baJlot, and shall not be eligible to the said office forj^^lg**^ * 
mor^ than one year out of three, nor shall he hold any 
military commission under any other state or states. 

The g"ovemor shall reside at such place as the House 

His residenM 

of Assembly for the time being shall appoint. 

19 r r-vol 1 



290. REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

and oftthi XXIV. The governor's oath : 

*I, A. B. elected governor of the state of Georgia, by 
the representatives thereof, do solemnly promise and 
swear, that I will, during the term of my appointment, to 
the best of my skill and judgment, execute the said office 
faithfully and conscientiously, according to law, without 
favor, affection, or partiality; that I will to the utmost of 
my power, support, maintain and defend the state of 
Georgia, and the constitution of the same, and use my 
utmost endeavors to protect the people thereof in the se- 
cure enjoyment of all their rights, franchises* and privi- 
leges; and that the laws and ordinances of the state be 
duly observed, and that law and justice in mercy be exe- 
cuted in all judgments. And I do further solemnly prom- 
ise and swear, that I will peaceably and quietly resign the 
government to which I have been eleAed, at the period to 
which my continuance in the said office is limited by the 
constitution : And lastly, I do also solemnly swear, that I 
have not accepted of the government whereunto I am 
eleded contrary to the articles of this constitution. So 
help me God.* 

This oath to be administered to him by the speaker of 
the Assembly. 



J»Mridenf8 



The same oath to be administered by the speaker to the 
president of the council. 

No person shall be eligible to the office of governor 
who has not resided three years in this state. 

XXV. The executive council shall meet the day after 
Election of their eledion, and proceed to the choice of a president 

prcflMciTit <fr frfn 

een of the out of their own body — they shall have power to appoint 
their own officers, and settle their own rules of proceed- 
ings. The council shall always vote by counties, and not 
individually. 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 291 

XXVI. Every counsellor, being present, shall have 

Ppotost* BOW 

power of entering his protest against any measures in entered, 
council he has not consented to; provided he does it in 
three days. 

XXVIL During the sitting of the Assembly, the 
whole of the executive council shall attend, unless pre- amine au laws 

« ordinanoM. 

vented by sickness, or some other urgent necessity; and 
in that case, a majority of the council shall make a board 
to examine the laws and ordinances sent them by the 
House of Assembly ; and all laws and ordinances sent to 
the council shall be returned in five days after, with their 
remarks thereon. 

XXVIII. A committee from the council, sent with 



any proposed amendments to any law or ordinance, shall SSSS^amend- 
deliver their reasons for such proposed amendments, sit- 
ting and covered; the whole house at that time, except the 
speaker, uncovered. 

XXIX. The president of the executive council, in the 
absence or sickness of the governor, shall exercise all theident shau set 

•8 governor. 

powers of the governor. 

XXX. When any affair that requires secrecy shall be 

laid before the governor and the executive council, it shall SUSSterJn^ 
be the duty of the governor, and he is hereby obliged toS'tiie coSS 
administer the following oath, viz. 

*I, A, B, do solemnly swear, that any business that shall 
be at this time communicated to the council, I will not, in ^ 
any manner whatever, either by speaking, writing or oth- 
erwise, reveal the same, to any person whatever, until 
leave given by the council, or when called upon by the 
House of Assembly; and all this I swear without any 
reservation whatever. So help me God.* 



Abo to the 



292 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

And the same oath shall be administered to the secre- 
tary and other officers necessary to carry the business into 
execution. 

coDtiiHMttionof XXXI. The executive power shall exist till renewed 
theowcutive ^^ pointed out by the rules of this constitution. 

XXXII. In all transactions between the legislative 
StSS^S? and executive bodies, the same shall be communicated by 
ecuiiveolMiiiSl messagc, to be delivered from the legislative body to the 

cTid govemor* 

how reffniated. govcmor Or cxccutivc council by a committee ; and from 
the governor to the House of Assembly by the secretary 
of the council ; and from the executive council by a com- 
mittee of the said council. 

XXXIII. The governor, for the time being, shall 
J^^Jpf^'^^'be captain-general and commander in chief over all the 

militia, and other military and naval forces belonging to 
this state. 

XXXIV. All militia commissions shall specify, that 
■iOTi?*t£3rdaI ^^^ person commissioned shall continue during good be- 
"***'°- haviour. 

XXXV. Every county in this state that has, or here- 
BattaHoDB after may have, two hundred and fifty men and upwards, 

liable to bear arms, shall be formed into a battalion ; and 
when they become too numerous for one battalion, they 
shall be formed into more, by bill of the legislature; and 
those counties that have a less number than two hundred 
and fifty, shall be formed into independent companies. 

XXXVI. There shall be established in each county 
Jf^J^j^*"* a court, to be called a Superior Court, to be held twice in 

each year. On the first Tuesday in March in the county^ 
of Chatham ; 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 293 

The second Tuesday in March in the county of Effing- 
ham; 

The third Tuesday in March in the county of Burke ; 

The fourth Tuesday in March in the county of Rich- 
mond; 

The next Tuesday in the county of Wilkes ; 

And Tuesday fortnight in the county of Liberty ; 

The next Tuesday in the county of Glynn ; 

The next Tuesday in the county of Camden : The like 
courts to commence in OcSober, and continue as above. 



XXXVII. All causes and matters of dispute between 

any parties residing in the same county, to be tried within °**^ 
the county. 

XXXVIII. All matters in dispute between contend- 
ing parties residing in different counties, shall be tried in ^J® ^ ^ 
the county where the defendant resides, except in cases 

of real estates, which shall be tried in the county where 
such real estate lies. 



XXXIX. All matters of breach of the peace, felony, 

\ . — _ — 

'luUiB, where. 



murder and treason against the state, to be tried in the J^ ^ "*"**" 



county where the same was committed. All matters of 
dispute, both civil and criminal, in any county where 
there is not a sufficient number of inhabitants to form a 
court, shall be tried in the next adjacent county where a 
court is held. 

XL. All causes of what nature soever, shall be ti:ied 
in the Superior court, except as hereafter mentioned ;^gSjj^"5 
which court shall consist of the chief justice, and three Surt"*^*^' 
or more of the justices residing in the county; in case of 



294 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

the absence of the chief justice, the senior justice on the 
bench shall adl as chief justice, with the clerk of the 
county, attorney for the state, sheriff, coroner, constable, 
and the jurors. And in case of the absence of any of the 
aforementioned officers, the justices to appoint others in 
their room pro tempore. And if any plaintiff or defendant 
in civil causes shall be dissatisfied with the determination 
of the jury, then and in that case they shall be at liberty 
within three days to enter an appeal from that verdict, 
and demand a new trial by special jury, to be nominated 
as follows, viz., each party, plaintiff and defendant, shall 
choose six; six more names shall be taken indifferently 
out of a box provided for that purpose ; the whole eight- 
een to be summoned, and their names to be put together 
into the box, and the first twelve that are drawn out, being 
present, shall be the special jury to try the cause, and 
from which there shall be no appeal. 

XLI. The jury shall be judges of law as well as of 

JinyjudgM of f acS, and shall not be allowed to bring in a special verdict ; 

but if all, or any, of the jury have any doubts concerning 

points of law, they shall apply to the bench, who shall 

each of them in rotation give their opinion. 



Their oath> 



XLII. The jury shall be sworn to bring in a verdict 
according to law, and the opinion they entertain of the 
evidence; provided it be not repugnant to the rules and 
regulations contained in this constitution. 

XLIII. The special jury shall be sworn to bring in 
sp^imijury'B a verdict according to law, and the opinion they entertain 
of the evidence; provided it be not repugnant to justice, 
equity and conscience^ and the rules and regulations con- 
tained in this constitution, of which they shall judge. 



Trial of cap- 
tares by Ma 
and land. 



XLI V. Captures, both by the sea and land, to be tried 
in the county where such shall be carried in; a special 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 295 

court to be called by the chief justice, or in his absence, 
by the then senior justice in the said county, upon appli- 
cation of the captors or claimants; which cause shall be 
determined within the space of ten days. The mode of 
proceeding and appeal shall be the same as in the superior 
courts ; unless after the second trial an appeal is made to 
the continental congress; and the distance of time be- 
tween the first and second trial shall not exceed fourteen 
days : And all maritime causes to be tried in like manner. 

XLV. No grand jury shall consist of less than eigh- 
teen, and twelve may find a bill. **" ^^^' 

XLVI. That the court of conscience be continued as 
heretofore pradiced, and that the jurisdiAion thereof beSSS^5ito%- 

rifldiction. 

extended to try causes not amountmg to more than ten 
pounds. 

XLVII. All executions exceeding five pounds, except 
in the case of a court-merchant, shall be stayed until thetion. "*^" 
first Monday in March ; provided security be given for 
debt and costs. 

XLVIII. All the costs attending any action in the su- 
perior court shall not exceed the sum of three pounds ; gj;2!!ttoS of*"" 
and that no cause be allowed to depend in the superior ^SSSJi^c^B. 
court longer than two terms. 

XLIX. Every officer of the state shall be liable to be 
called to account by the House of Assembly. ocmntaWetothe 



L. Every county shall keep the public records belong- 
ing to the same^ and authenticated copies of the several kept in their 
records now in the possession of this state shall be madetie^ 
out, and deposited in that county to which they belong. 

LI. Estates shall not be entailed ; and when a person ^^^^^ „ot ta 
dies intestate, his or her estate shall be divided equally ^•^*^*^' 



296 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Divtribation. ^^"^"g" ^^cir children; the widow shall have a child's 
share, or her dower, at her option; And other intestates' 
estates to be divided according to the ad of distribution 
made in the reign of Charles the Second, unless other- 
wise altered by any future ad of the legislature. 

LII. A register of probates shall be appointed by the 
^SSe^n^ legislature in every county, for proving wills, and grant- 
probfttsB. jj^g letters of administration. 



Of eoanty 
officers. 



LIII. AH civil officers in each county shall be annu- 
ally eleded on the day of the general eledion; except 
justices of the peace and registers of probates, who shall 
be appointed by the House of Assembly. 



LIV. Schools shall be ereded in each county, and 
at the general expence of the stat 
islature shall hereafter point out and dired. 



pS^**8chooto. supported at the general expence of the state, as the leg- 



LV. A court-house and jail to be ereded at the pub- 
houM?^ lie expence in each county, where the present convention 
jaiia. Qj. |.j^g future legislature shall point out and dired. 



Reliffioiu 
toleratioiL 



Great seal, 
its device. 



LVI. All persons whate\^er shall have the free exer- 
cise of their religion; provided it be not repugnant to 
the peace and safety of the state; and shall not, unless 
they consent, support any teacher, or teachers, except 
those of their own profession. 

LVII. The great seal of this state shall have the fol- 
lowing device: on one side a scroll, whereon shall be 
engraved, "The Constitution of the state of Georgia:*' 
and motto, "Pro bono fmblico:" on the other side an 
elegant house, and other buildings; fields of com, and 
meadows covered with sheep and cattle : a river running 
though the same, with a ship under full sail; and the 
motto, '^Deus nobis h<ec otia fecit/' 



CONSTITUTION OF 1777. 297 

LVIII. 'No person shall be allowed to plead in the 
courts of law in this state, except those who are author- f^JJ^" ^ 
ized so to do by the House of Assembly ; and if any per- 
son so authorized shall be found guilty of mal-practice 
before the House of Assembly, they shall have power to 
suspend them. This is not intended to exclude any per- 
son from that inherent privilege of every freeman, the 
liberty to plead his own cause. 

LIX. Excessive fines shall not be levied, nor exces-P«««Mdimu 

not to be 

sive bail demanded. excewive. 

LX. The principles of the habeas corpus acft shall be a^beM awpua. 
a part of this constitution. 

LXI. Freedom of the press, and trial by jury, to re- Freedom of 

. , . ' the press and 

mam mviolate for ever. truiby jury. 

LXII. No clergyman of any denomination shall be al- 
lowed a seat in the legislature. ineiifiibie. 

LXIII. No alteration shall be made in this constitu- 
tion without petitions from a majority of the counties, Stto*be**"' 
and the petitions from each county to be signed by a 
majority of voters in each county within the state; at 
which time the Assembly shall order a convention to 1^ 
called for that purpose, specifying the alterations to be 
made, according to the petitions preferred to the Assem- 
bly by the majority of the counties as aforesaid. 

Done at Savannah, in Convention, the fifth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-seven, and in the first 
year of the independence of the United States of 
America. 



298 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

On the 8th of August President Bulloch issued thf «^wo 
following proclamations : — 

GEORGIA. 

By his Excellency Archibald Bulloch Es- 
quire President & Commander in Chief of 
the said Province 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas the present awful Situation of the united 
States of America, at this important juncture, must call 
upon all good men to humble themselves before Al- 
mighty God, and to use their utmost endeavours so to 
conduct their lives & conversations, as to conciliate the 
divine favor & Protection : And whereas by the tumultu- 
ous meeting of Negro Slaves, in and about the Town 
of Savannah, & their Practice of buying & selling, the 
Lords day is entirely disregarded & profaned and whereas 
the Custom of prophane swearing & blaspheming is too 
frequently heard, even on the Sabbath in our Streets, 
to the disturbance of all peace and good order & to the 
great Offence of Almighty God, I Have, therefore, 
thought fit by and with the Advice & consent of the 
Council, to issue this my Proclamation, strictly requiring 
all civil Officers to do their utmost to preserve the Public 
Peace, by taking Proper Notice of all Persons who shall 
be guilty of such heinous Offences, that they may be 
exemplary punished, according to Law — 

Given imder my hand & seal the eighth 
day of August, one thousand seven hun- 
dred & seventy six 

Arch** Bulloch (L. S.) 

By his Excellencys Command 

Jam" Whitei^iELd Secry 

God Save the Congress — 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 299 

GEORGIA: 

By his Excellency Archibald Bulloch 
Esq"" President & Commander in Chief of 
the said Province 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas there are many persons in the Town & dis- 
trict of Savannah, that make a practice of retailing Spirit- 
uous Liquors to the great prejudice of the Health & Wel- 
fare of the Inhabitants, and whereas these Persons have 
no License or permission for doing the same. I have 
therefore thought fit, by and with the Advice & consent 
of the Council to issue this my Proclamation, strictly for- 
bidding all Persons from retailing any spirituous Liquors, 
unless they first obtain a License for that purpose from 
some lawful Magistrate, properly authorized to grant 
the same and all Persons whatsoever are hereby strictly 
charged & required to Pay full Obedience to this Proc- 
lamation, as such Persons as do not, will answer the 
same, at their Peril. 

Given under my Hand & seal this eighth 
day of August, one thousand, seven Hun- 
dred & seventy six 

Arch** Bulloch (L S) 

By His Excellencys Command 

Jam" Wijitefield Sec^ 

God Save the Congress — 



On the 5th of July, 1776, a committee composed of 
Jonathan Bryan, John Houstoun and Colonel M'^Intosh, 
appointed by President Bulloch at the request of General 
Charles Lee to confer with him as to the condition of 



800 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Georgia, submitted to the President and the Council of 
Safety the following report : 

The Deputies sent by desire of General Lee, from the 
Colony of Georgia, to confer with him upon the state 
of that Colony and the mode of putting it in the best pos- 
ture of defence against all enemies, external and internal, 
are of opinion, that it is evident that Province is in a 
most weak and defenceless situation; and besides the 
intrinsic value of the lands and other property in the 
Province, its situation as a frontier, its fine inlets, har- 
bours, and rivers, and plenty of provisions, make it of 
the utmost consequence, perhaps equal to any other on 
the Continent, in the great cause of America, That as 
it is not only liable to be attacked by sea on the east, in 
common with the other Colonies, but from the south and 
west, by the garrisoned Province of the Floridas, and 
the most numerous tribes of Savages in 'North America, 
and far less able than any of them to bear it : the Depu- 
ties sent from Georgia, by desire of his Excellency Gen- 
eral Lee, to confer with him upon the state of the Colony, 
in order to devise the best method of putting it in a 
proper posture of defence, beg leave to represent, that 
from the weak and defenceless situation of the Colony, 
surrounded as it is with enemies, it stands in immediate 
need of assistance from the General Congress. And when 
they consider, that however small the Colony may be of 
itself, in a comparative point of view, yet that from the 
great plenty of provisions, numerous stocks of cattle, 
excellent inlets, harbours, and rivers, perhaps equal to 
any upon the Continent, with which the Colony abounds, 
and above all, the firm attachment of its inhabitants to the 
American cause, they are led to trust that the protection 
and security of that Colony will be held an object of con- 
siderable importance. Not one of the thirteen United 
Colonies is so weak within or so much exposed without. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 301 

To the east, the inhabitants suffer the ravages of British 
cruisers. Their negroes are daily inveigled and carried 
away from their plantations. British fleets may be sup- 
plied with beef from several large islands, well stocked 
with cattle, which line their coasts^ and round which 
ships may sail. To the south, they have the Province of 
East Florida, the inhabitants and soldiers of which must 
of necessity make inroads upon Georgia for the article 
of provision with which they have heretofore chiefly sup- 
plied. Georgia here stands as a barrier to South Caro- 
lina, and effectually secures the Province against the 
like depredations. The southern parts of Georgia con- 
tain vast stocks of cattle, and our most valuable rice plan- 
tations lie that way. By some late computations, there 
are said to be upwards of thirty thousand head of black 
cattle in the Province, and hogs without number. We 
have certain accounts of there being at this time upwards 
of one thousand British troops in Saint Augustine. To 
the west, and almost down upon the Georgia line, are the 
most numerous tribes of Indians now in North America, 
viz : the Creeks, Cherokees, Choctaws, and a number of 
small tribes, in the whole at least fifteen thousand gun- 
men. All these nations have been much tampered with 
by the emissaries of Government, and without the utmost 
exertions of prudence on our side it is feared may be 
brought to act against us. They are so situated as to 
make it extremely convenient for our enemies to supply 
them, from East and West Florida, with ammunition and 
every thing that they want. Our last accounts from the 
Indians are rather unfavorable, and when we consider 
their natural principle of infidelity, and how much more 
able our enemies are to purchase their friendship by 
presents, &c., than we are, there seems to be the greatest 
reason to apprehend a rupture with them. In such a case 
the fate of Georgia may be easily conceived. Add to all 
these considerations the vast number of negroes we have, 



302 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

perhaps of themselves sufficient to subdue us. In point of 
numbers, the blacks exceed the whites, and the ready 
channel and secure retreat which Saint Augustine affords, 
render them much to be dreaded. The conquest of Geor- 
gia would be considered a great acquisition by Great 
Britain. It is a most excellent provision country, abounds 
with ship timber and lumber of all kinds, and is con- 
veniently situated for a place of rendezvous to their ship- 
ping. Under all these circumstances, it must certainly 
appear indispensably necessary that measures be im- 
mediately taken for the defence and security of that Prov- 
ince. But the low situation, in point of means or ability, 
of its inhabitants, puts it out of their power to do it of 
themselves, more especially as they have been already 
put to a very great expense in consequence of the late 
descent u|X)n them. The great objects seem to be men, 
fortifications, and a good understanding with the Indians. 
We would therefore beg leave to propose — 

1st. That his Excellency General Lee be requested to 
state the peculiar situation of the Province of Georgia 
to the General Congress, and to obtain directions from 
them to raise and take into Continental pay so many men 
as may be conceived to be sufficient to defend that Prov- 
ince. In our opinion, less than six battalions will not an- 
swer the purpose. But we do not conceive any of these 
men can be recruited in Georgia. We would apprehend 
it full as eligible, if that can be done, to order some of 
the regiments already raised, to march thither; and fur- 
ther, that the four troops of horse already raised be aug- 
mented to a regiment, and put upon the Continental estab- 
lishment. Part of these battalions and troops may be so 
stationed as to serve equally for the protection of Geor- 
gia and South Carolina against the Indians ; and above 
all, may entirely shut up the communication between 
them and our enemies to the southward, which, in our 
opinion, will be the most effectual means of preventing 
an Indian war. 



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. 303 

2d. That the sum of sterHng be granted by 

the General Congress for building fortifications and 
guardboats in the Province of Georgia. The reason why 
we conceive this ought to be a general charge is, because 
it is evident the same will serve against attacks from the 
south, and for cutting off the communication between 
East and West Florida and the Indians, upon which the 
peace of the back inhabitants of Georgia, South Carolina, 
North Carolina, and Virginia, depends. Besides, it seems 
to be a part of the plan of Administration to throw forces 
into the Indian country, where they expect to be joined 
by a considerable number of the savages; and in that 
event, there is no Province or place through which they 
could so conveniently pass as through Georgia. 

3d. It is a fixed principle with the Indians to be paid 
for their good offices; and in this controversy we con- 
ceive they will expect to be well paid even for neutrality. 
The articles they prefer will doubtless be ammunition and 
clothing, but these we have not in our power to give them. 
We would then^ propose cattle as a substitute, and are 
inclined to think, if the communication between them 
and our enemies was cut off they would soon be brought 
to be well satisfied with a present of this kind. It is 
therefore submitted to the General Congress whether it 

would not be worth while to give direction that 

head of cattle be purchased and distributed among the 
Indians by Commissioners. We are of opinion this step 
would answer many valuable purposes, and would have 
a tendency not only of attaching them to our interest 
from gratitude, but would also be a means of civilizing 
them, and by fixing the idea of property, would keep them 
honest and peaceable with us, for fear of reprisals. 



One of the last official acts of President Bulloch was 
to issue the following proclamation : 



304 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

GEORGIA 

By His Excellency Archibald Bulloch 
Esquire, President and Commander in 
Chief of the said State 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas the Honorable the Continental Congress 
have recommended that a day of fasting and Humilia- 
tion be observed by the several United States of North 
America, on such day as the Assemblies or Conventions 
of the said States shall think Proper to appoint. And 
Whereas it has pleased Almighty God, to visit this Land 
with the dreadful Calamities of civil War, and being 
thereby sensible that it is our Indispensible duty, at all 
times, but in a more especial manner at this Juncture to 
humble ourselves before him and devoutly to implore 
his divine gfoodness to Protect and conduct us happily 
through this great conflict, and to restore our Adversaries 
to Reason and Justice, and thereby to relieve the United 
States from the distresses of an Unnatural War I do 
therefore in pursuance of a Resolve of convention issue 
this my Proclamation hereby appointing Saturday the 
first day of March, to be observed throughout this State, 
as a day of fasting and Humiliation, that all the inhabi- 
tants thereof may devoutly join in fervtot Prayer to 
Almighty God to avert the Chastisement, we by our mani- 
fold Sins have deserved, to protect this and all other the 
United States ; and to implore the Divine blessing upon 
the American Arms, both by Sea and land, in this just 
and necessary War^ which the said several States have 
been obliged to enter into, in maintenance and defence 
of their Rights and Privileges and Saturday the said first 
day of March is thus accordingly appointed to be Kept 
and observed, of which all Clergymen, and others are 



PROCLAMATIONS. 306 

desired to take notice, and conduct themselves accord- 
ingly- 
Given under my hand and Seal at Savan- 
nah the sixth day of February, in the Year 
of our Lord, one thousand, seven Hun- 
dred and seventy seven — 

Arch** Bulwch L S 
By His Excellencys Command 
Jam* Whitei^ield, Sec^ — 

God Save the Congress — 



Soon after the convention adjourned, about the last 
of February, Archibald Bulloch, President of the Execu- 
tive Council, Chief Magistrate of the State, and perhaps 
its most valuable citizen, died. He had done more for 
the cause of liberty than any other Georgian, and was 
the leader of the patriots so long as he lived. 

After the promulgation of the Constitution it was 
necessary that a legislature, elected according to its re- 
quirements, be assembled to carry its provisions into 
effect. Button Gwinnett, who had, upon the death of 
President Bulloch, been elected President and Com- 
mander-in-Chief by the Council of Safety, issued his 
proclamation ordering elections in all the counties for 
members of a leg-islature to convene in Savannah on the 
8th day of May, 1777. Elections were accordingly held, 
and the legislature met at the time and place designated 
in the President's proclamation. 

One of its first duties was to elect a Governor. Button 
Gwinnett, President of the Council, was a candidate and 

20r^-TOll 



306 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

was opposed by John Adam Treutlen. Treutlen \V3S 
elected by a larg-e majority. Prior to this, when it was 
resolved to raise a brigade for the continental service. 
Gwinnett had aspired to its command, but Col. Lachlan 
Mcintosh was given the commission. Again, when Gwin- 
nett, as President of the Council and Commander-in- 
Chief of Georg^ia, by virtue of this office, contemplated 
an expedition against East Florida, he claimed the right 
to command all the troops, as well the continental as 
those of the state, to the exclusion of General Mcintosh, 
who held his commission from the Continental Congress, 
thereby virtually denying to Mcintosh the right to com- 
mand his own regiment. In consequence of these occur- 
rences these two men, both valuable to the state, became 
inveterate enemies, and when Treutlen defeated Gwin- 
nett for Governor, Mcintosh manifested much gratifica- 
tion and said openly that Gwinnett was a scoundrel and 
that he was glad of his defeat. This coming to Gwin- 
nett's ears he challenged Mcintosh for a duel. The chal- 
lenge was accepted and they met at a pointy still pointed 
out, within the corporate limits of Savannah. Both fell 
at the first fire, severely woimded. Mcintosh recovered, 
but Gwinnett died in a few days. Thus two parties were 
formed in Georgia, a Mcintosh party and a Gwinnett 
party, much to the injury of the cause of liberty. At the 
same time that Treutlen was elected Governor, Noble 
Jones was elected Speaker of the House of Assembly 
and Jonathan Bryan, John Houstoun, Thomas Chisolm, 
William Holzendorf, John Fulton, John Jones, John 
Walton, William Few, Arthur Fort, John Coleman, Ben- 
jamin Andrew and William Peacock, members of the 
Executive Council. 

The only proclamation of President Gwinnett, still 
preserved among the State Archives, is the following: 



PROCLAMATIONS. 307 

GEORGIA 

By the Honorable Button Gwinnett Esq' 
President and Commander in chief of the 
said State 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas in the present alarming situation of this 
State, it is absolutely necessary to do every thing in our 
Power to prevent any Intelligence, or Supplies being car- 
ried to our Enemies; I have therefore thought fit, by 
virtue of the Power vested in me to issue this Proclama- 
tion, hereby enjoining and requiring all and every Officer, 
concerned in cleaning out Ships and Vessels, in any of 
the Ports or Harbours of this State, not to give any 
clearance, to any Ship Vessel or Boat, within any of the 
Ports, or Harbours aforesaid ; and I do also forbid, and 
Prohibit and all and every Master or Commander of any 
ship. Vessel or Boat within any of the Ports, or Har- 
bours aforesaid^ and all Pilots and other Persons what- 
soever, to attempt to carry out to Sea any Ship, Vessel 
or Boat, until further Orders shall be given herein. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Sa- 
vannah, the fifth day of March, one thous- 
and, seven hundred and seventy seven 

Button Gwinnett (L S) 

By His Honours Command 

James Whiteeiei^d, Secretary. 

God save the Congress 



308 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

In the winter of 1776, while Gwinnett was President 
of Georgia, the legislature of South Carolina passed a 
resolution declaring that "the strength, wealth and dig- 
nity" of both would be promoted by a union of the two 
states of South Carolina and Georgia, and appointed a 
committee, of which William Henry Drayton was the 
spokesman, to gfo to Savannah where the Constitutional 
Convention of Georgia was in session and secure the as- 
sent of Georgia to the proposition. Mr. Drayton and his 
committee, early in January, 1777, repaired to Savannah 
and asked a hearing on the floor of the convention. The 
request was courteously granted and Mr. I>rayton sub- 
mitted his proposition to the body, supporting it by an 
earnest appeal, assigning a number of reasons why Geor- 
gia should agree to be absorbed by South Carolina, some 
of which were ridiculously absurd. But his argument 
failed to convince the Georgians, and they respectively 
declined his proposition. Button Gwinnett, President of 
Georgia, vigorously opposed the union, and to him Dray- 
ton attributed the failure of his mission and made scur- 
rilous attacks on him, the convention and the other 
officials of Georgia. After Gwinnett's untimely death 
Drayton and his coadjutors, believing that the principal 
obstacle in the way of the success of their scheme had 
been removed, circulated a paper among the people of 
Georgia reflecting on the state officials, magnifying their 
grievances and their dangers, and urging them, since 
their officials would not do so, to take such action as 
would bring about the union of the two states. The 
Executive Council, to put a stop to such machinations to 
provoke discord and distrust in the minds of the people, 
advised Governor Treutlen to offer a reward of a hun- 
dred pounds for the arrest of Drayton and his allies, and 
accordingly the Governor issued the following proclama- 
tion: 



PROCLAMATIONS. 309 

"GEORGIA. 

By his Honour John Adam Treutlen, Esquire, Cap- 
tain-General, Govemour, and Commander-in-Chief in 
and over the said State. 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas it hath been represented unto me, that 
WiLUAM Henry Drayton, of the State of South 
Carolina, Esq., and divers other persons, whose names 
are yet unknown, are XJNi^wFULiyY endeavouring 
to Poison the minds of the good people of this State 
against the Government thereof, and for that purpose are, 
by letters^ petitions, and otherwise, daily exciting ani- 
mosities among the inhabitants, under the pretence of 
redressing imaginary grievances, which by the said 
W11.UAM Henry Drayton it is said this State labours 
under, the better to effect, under such specious pretences, 
an union between the States of Georgia and South Caro- 
lina, all which are contrary to the Articles of Confedera- 
tion, entered into, ratified, and confirmed by this State 
as a cement of union between the same and the other 
United and Independent States of America, and also 
against the resolution of the Convention of this State in 
that case made and entered into: Therefore, that 
such pernicious practices may be put an end to, and which, 
if not in due time prevented, may be of the most danger- 
ous consequences, I Have, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Executive Council of this State, thought 
fit to issue this Proclamation, hereby offering a reward 
of One Hundred Pounds, lawful money of the 
said State, to be paid to any person or persons who shall 
apprehend the said William Henry Drayton, 
or any other person or persons aiding and abetting him 
in such unlawful practices, upon his or their conviction : 
And I Do hereby strictly charge and require all magis- 
trates and other persons to be vigilant and active in 



3iO REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Suppressing The Same^ and to take all lawful 
ways and means for the discovering and apprehending 
of such offender or offenders, so that he or they may be 
brought to condign punishment. 

Given under my Hand and Seal in the Council Cham- 
ber at Savannah, this fifteenth day of July, one 
thousand seven hundred aftd seventy-seven. 

John Adam Treutlen. (L S) 

By his Honour's Command, 

James Whitefield, Secretary. 

God Save the Congress — 



Drayton and the Carolinians who were engaged in this 
effort to absorb Georgia were very indignant at this ac- 
tion and at Georgia because she refused to be absorbed. 
But the proclamation put a stop to their effort and the 
little province which refused to surrender its autonomy 
became in three generations "The Empire State of the 
South." 

During this year, 1777, much alarm was felt in the 
state because of the scarcity of provisions for the sup- 
port of the people and the army, and Governor Treutlen, 
to prevent actual want^ prohibited by proclamation the 
exportation from the state of com, rice, flour and all 
other provisions necessary to support human life. 

Still preserved among the AchiVes of the State we 
find the following proclamation issued by Governor 
Treutlen. 

GEORGIA 

* By His Honour John Adam Treutlen 
Esquire, Captain General & Commander in 
Chief in and over the said State 



PROCLAMATIONS. 311 

A PROCLAMATION 

.(LS) 

John A Treutlen 

Whereas it hath been represented to me, by the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this State, that a Proclamation, ought 
to be issued, to quiet the Minds of the Frontier Inhabi- 
tants of this State declaring the purposes for which the 
intended Congress with the Creek Indians is to be held ; 
That the same has been called by the desire of the Con- 
tinental Congress in order to establish a firm and safe 
Peace, between them the Creek Indians, and the United 
State; and this State in particular; that there is a very 
great prospect of concluding the same on proper terms; 
an Object which must be desirable, but more especially to 
those of our Inhabitants who are on our Frontiers ; and 
consequently more immediately exposed to their Ravages, 
requesting and recommending their Co-operating and 
assisting the Assembly, and the executive Powers of the 
State as far as in them lies in their present Endeavours 
to conclude a Peace, with those Indians, when the utmost 
exertion of our whole Strength is wanted against our 
Southern Enemies, it being so necessary at this time as- 
suring them that if a Peace on Proper Conditions Hon- 
orable to this, and the United States, cannot be estab- 
lished with the said Indians, but that a War must neces- 
sarily ensue, that, in such case the Inhabitants, residing 
on the Frontiers of this State^ may be assured, that the 
said General Assembly will afford them the most early 
and effectual Assistance in their Power to defend and 
protect them from those merciless Savages 

I have therefore thought fit, by and with, the Advice 
and Consent of the executive Council to issue this my 
Proclamation, notifying to all whom it may concern — 



312 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Sa- 
vannah, the fourth day of June 1777 

By His Honours Command 

Jam* Whitefieu) Sec^ 

God Save the Congress — 



GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Es- 
quire Captain General, Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief, in and over the said 
State 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas it hath been represented to me in Council, 
that a gi-eat scarcity of Corn is likely to ensue in this State 
and that the Price of that Article is and has been for 
some time past considerably above Two shillings and 
six pence ^ bushel — I have therefore thought Proper, 
by and with the Advice of the Honorable the Council, to 
issue this my Proclamation, hereby forbidding the ex- 
portation of Corn out of this State, and all and every 
Person or Persons whom so ever are required not to 
carry or convey out of this State, any quantity of Com 
whatsoever, until leave for that purpose be first had and 
obtained from me, or others having power to grant the 
same 

j^ Given under my Hand and Seal at Sa- 

*; ' ' vannah this 12^** day of June 1777 

\ John A. Treutlen (L S) 

By His Honours Command 

Jam" WhitefiEld Sec'' ^ 

God Save the Congress — ; 



PROCLAMATIONS. 313 

GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Es- 
quire, Captain, General, Governor and 
Commander in Chief, in and over the State 
aforesaid : 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas number of persons pretend to hold, or have 
titles to Lands, within this State^ either by allotment, 
grant or otherwise, but have left this State, and neglected 
to Settle and cultivate said lands — I have therefore 
thought fit by and with the Advice of the Honorable the 
Council to issue this my Proclamation, requesting all such 
Persons to return to this State, within six Months from 
the date of this Proclamation, and to settle and cultivate 
such Lands, otherwise the same shall be and is by an 
Act of Assembly passed the seventh day of this Instant 
June, deemed to be vacant, and liable to be granted to 
any Person or Persons applying for and entituled to the 
same 

Given imder my Hand and Seal at Sa- 
vannah, the 12^** day of June, in the year 
of our Lord 1777 

John A. Treuti^en (L S) 

By His Honours Command 

Jam* WhitefieIvD Sec^ 

God Save the Congress. 



GEORGIA 



By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Esq*" 
Captain General, Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over the said State 



314 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas. Matters of the greatest importance to this 
State renders it absolutely necessary to call the Assembly 
together. 

I have therefore thought fit, by and with the Advice 
of the Honourable the Executive Council to issue this 
my Proclamation requiring the meeting of the said As- 
sembly at Savannah, on Tuesday the nineteenth day of 
August next, then and there to deliberate upon, transact 
and manage Business, as they shall think is most Salutary 
and advantageous to themselves and Constituents 

Given under my Hand and Seal, in the 
Council Chamber at Savannah this fif- 
teenth day of July 1777 — 

John A. Treutlen (L S) 
By His Honours Command 
Jam" WhitefieIvD Sec'' 

God Save the Congress — 



GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen 
Esquire Captain General, Governor and 
Commander in Chief in and over the Said 
State 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas it hath been represented unto me, that Wil- 
liam Henry Drayton of the State of South Carolina Esq' 
and divers other Persons, whose 'Names are yet unknown, 
are unlawfully endeavouring to poison the Minds of the 
good People of this State, against the Government there- 
of, and for that purpose, are by Letters, Petitions and 



PROCLAMATIONS. 316 

othera'ise daily exciting Animosities among the Inhabi- 
tants, under pretence of redressing imaginary Grievances, 
which by the said William Henry Drayton, it is said, 
this State labours under, the better to effect imder such 
Specious Pretences, an Union between the States of Geor- 
gia and South Carolina, all which doings, are contrary to 
the Articles of Confederation, entered into, ratifyed and 
confirmed by this State; as a Cement of Union, between 
the same, and the other united and independent States of 
America, and also against the Resolution of the Conven- 
tion of this State — in that Case made and entered into 
Therefore, that such Pernicious Practices may speedily 
be put an end to, and which if not in due time prevented, 
may be of the most dangerous consequences I Have 
by and with the Advice and Consent of the executive 
Council of this State^ thought fit to issue this Proclama- 
tion hereby offering a Reward of One Hundred Pounds, 
lawful Money of the said State, to be paid to any person 
or Persons who shall apprehend, the said William Henry 
Drayton, or any other Person or Persons, aiding or abet- 
ting him in such unlawful practices upon his or their 
Conviction — 

And I do hereby strictly, charge and require all Mag- 
istrates, and other Persons to be vigilant and active in 
suppressing the same, and to take all lawful ways and 
means for the discovering and apprehending of such 
Offender or Offenders, so that He or they may be brought 
to Condign punishment 

Given under my Hand and Seal in the 
Council Chamber at Savannah, this fif- 
teenth day of July 1777 — 

John A. Treutlen (L S) 

By His Honours Command 
Jam* White^Eld Sec^ 

God Save the Congress. 



316 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Esq' 
Captain General^ Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief of the State of Georgia 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas information hath been made, that divers 
persons in this State, and particularly those in the town 
of Savannah, are daily exporting divers goods. Wares 
and Merchandiz that have heretofore been imported into 
the same, which if permitted, will subject the Inhabitants 
of the said State to many difficulties and inconveniences ; 
I have therefore, by and with the Advice and Consent of 
the executive Council of the State aforesaid, thought fit, 
to issue this Proclamation and do hereby strictly prohibit 
and forbid the Exportation of any such goods, wares 
and Merchandize from this State without leave first had 
and obtained for that purpose 

And I do strictly charge and require all Officers and 
others to be vigilant and active in the discovery of any 
Offender or Offenders against this Proclamation 

Given imder my Hand and Seal in the 
Council Chamber at Savannah, the twenty 
first day of July, in the Year of our Lord 
1777. 

John A. Treutlen. L S 

By His Honours Command 
Jam" Whitefield Sec*^ 

God Save the State. 



PROCLAMATIONS. 317 

GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Es- 
quire, Captain General, Governor and 
Commander in Chief of the State of Geor- 
gia. 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas the General Assembly of this State, have 
resolved, that all Persons, within the Same, who are in- 
debted, to the inhabitants of Great Britain^ Ireland, and 
the British West Indies Islands (Bermuda excepted) 
shall when required, by the Governor and Council of this 
State, render a true, and exact account, to the best of 
their knowledge, of the several Sums of Money, and 
ballances, upon Account, that may be by them, due and 
owing to the inhabitants as aforesaid. And also if re- 
quired^ to give good and sufficient Security in Propor- 
tion to the sums of Money they owe, to the said inhabi- 
tants, not to remit the same, or any part thereof, during 
the present contest, between Great Britain and America, 
without Leave first had and obtained for that purpose. 
I have therefore by and with the Advice of the executive 
Council of the State of Georgia aforesaid, thought fit, 
to make known the said Resolution, hereby charging and 
requiring, all and every Person and Persons^ within this 
State, that are indebted to any of the inhabitants of 
Great Britain, Ireland, and the British West India Is- 
lands, within One Month from the date hereof, to render 
in, an exact account to the best of their Knowledge, of 
the several Sums of Money and ballances, upon Account, 
that may be by them due and owing to the Inhabitants 
as aforesaid^ and also if required to give good and suffi- 
cient Security not to remit, or pay the said Sums of 
Money, or any part thereof, during the present contest, 
without leave first had and obtained for that purpose; 



318 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

in default whereof, proper measures, will be taken to en- 
force the resolution of the General Assembly aforesaid 

Given under my hand and Seal, in the 
Council Chamber, at Savannah, the twenty 
fifth day of September, in the Year of our 
Lord 1777 

John A. Treutlen (L S) 

By His Honours Command 

Jam" Whitefield Sec^ 

God Save the State. 



GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen 
Esquire, Captain General, Governor, and 
Commander in Chief, in and over the State 
aforesaid 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas it has been represented to me, in Council, 
that divers persons have purchased, and are daily pur- 
chasing, the rights and titles of lands in this State, of 
the Soldiers, and others, engaged in the Service of their 
Country, and who hereafter may be intitled to Grants 
for the said Lands, for such Service, agreeable to their 
respective Ranks and Stations And whereas, such Meas- 
ures, if allowed, will prevent, the increase of inhabitants, 
in the frontier parts of this State, and the better Settling 
thereof^ and the salutary Means, intended by such future 
Gifts and Grants, frustrated by wicked and designing 
Men, to the great injury of the Inhabitants of this State, 
in General, and the safety and wellfare thereof, and con- 



PROCLAMATIONS. 81 9 

trary to an Act of Assembly, in that case made and pro- 
vided : I have therefore by and with the Advice, and con- 
sent of the Honorable the executive Council of this State, 
issued this proclamation, hereby strictly forbiding all per- 
sons from purchasing the pretended head right, or title of 
any Soldier, or other Person or Persons, as such Person 
or Persons, so purchasing such title, will not have any 
Tract, or body of land granted him of them from any 
such purchase, the same being contrary to, and in direct 
violation, of the said Act of Assembly, and other Regula- 
tions, in that case made and provided 

Given under my Hand and Seal, in the 
Council chamber at Savannah, the seven- 
teenth day of October, One thousand seven 
Hundred and Seventy Seven 

John A» Treutlen (L S) 

By His Honors Command , 

Jam" WhitefiEld Sec'' 

God Save the State. 



GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Es- 
quire Captain General, Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief, in and 'over the State 
aforesaid 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas it is expedient and necessary, to prevent the 
exportation of Salt and Cordage from this State, for a 
limited time ; I have therefore thought fit, by and with 
the Advice and consent of the Honorable executive Coun- 



320 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

cil to issue this proclamation prohibiting and I do here- 
by accordingly prohibit the exportation of Salt and Cord- 
age from any port or place within this State, to any other 
State or place, for the space of three Months, next en- 
suing the date hereof; and all Officers and others are 
hereby strictly charged and Commanded to pay due 
Obedience to this Proclamation, as they will answer the 
contrary at their Peril 

Given under my Hand and Seal, in the 
Council Chamber at Savannah, the twenty 
first day of November, One thousand, 
Seven hundred, and seventy seven 

John A. Treutlen (L S) 

By His Honors Command 

Jam" Whitefield Sec'' 

God Save the State. 



STATE OF GEORGIA 

By His Honor John Adam Treutlen Es- 
quire Captain General, Governor and 
Commander in Chief in and over the State 
aforesaid 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas it is recommended by the Honorable the 
Continental Congress, that Thursday the Eighteenth day 
of this Instant be Set apart for solemn thanksgiving and 
praise to Almighty God for benefits received "And For- 
"asmuch as it is the indispensible duty of all Men to 
"adore the superintending providence of Almighty God, 
"to acknowledge with gratitude their obligation to him 



PROCLAMATIONS. . 321 

"for benefits received, and to implore such further bless- 
"ings as they stand in need of; and it having pleased 
"him, in his abundant mercy, not only to continue to us 
"the inumerable Bounties of his common Providence, but 
"also to Smile upon us, in the prosecution of a just and 
"necessary War, for the defence and establishment of our 
"unalienable rights and liberties, particularly in that He 
"hath been pleased in so great a measure to prosper the 
"means used for the support of our Troops and to crown 
"our Arms with most Signal success" — 

I do therefore issue this proclamation, with the Advice 
and consent, of the Honorable the executive Council of 
this State, hereby appointing "Thursday the Eighteenth 
"day of this Instant december to be set apart for solemn 
"thanksgiving and praise, that at one Time, and with 
"one Voice the good people may express the grateful 
"feelings of their Hearts and consecrate themselves to' 
"the Service of their divine benefactor ; and that together 
"and with their sincere acknowledgements and offerings^ 
"they may join the penitent confession of their manifold 
"Sins, whereby they had forfeited every favour; and 
"their humble and earnest supplication, that it may please 
"God, through the merits of Jesus Christ, mercifully to 
"forgive and blot them out of remembrance, that it 
"may please him graciously to afford his Blessing on the 
"governments of these States respectively, and prosper 
"the Public Council of the whole, to inspire our Com- 
"manders, both by land and Sea, and all under them, 
"with that wisdom, and fortitude, which may render them 
"fit instruments, under the Providence of Almighty God, 
"to secure for these United States the greatest of all 
"human blessings, independence and Peace, that it may 
"please him to prosper the trade and manufactures of 
"the People, and the labour of the Husbandman that our 
"Land may yet yield its increase, to take Schools and 

91 r r-Tol 1 



322 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

"Seminaries of education^ so necessary for cultivating 
"the principles of true liberty, virtue and piety, under his 
"nurturing Hand, and to prosper the means of religion 
"for the promotion and enlargement of that Kingdom, 
"which consisteth ifi righteousness, Peace and joy in the 
"Holy Ghost/' And whereas the said Honorable Con- 
"tinental Congress further recommends that Servile 
"Labour, and such Recreation as (though at other Times 
"innocent) may be unbecoming the Purpose of this Ap- 
"fiointment, may be omitted .on so solemn an occasion ;'* 
of which all the Freemen, and others, are directed to 
take Notice, and Conduct themselves accordingly. And 
Thursday tl>e said Eighteenth day of this Instant Decem- 
ber is thus appointed to be kept and observed, of which 
the Clergy in special, will, in the mean time, prepare dis- 
courses, suitable to the Occasion. 

Given under my Hand and Seal, in the 
Council Chaml^er, at Savannah, the Elev- 
enth day of December, in the year of our 
Lcrd, one thousand seven Hundred, and 
seventy seven 

John A. Treutlen (L S> 
By His Honors Command 
James Whitefield Sec^ 

God Save the State. 



This, the first legislature under the constitution, was 
in session almost continuously, with an occasional recess, 
'till the middle of September, and enacted quite a num- 
ber of laws necessary to put the new government in op- 
eration and the state in the best possible posture of 
defense, the most important of which were 



PROCLAMATIONS. 323 

**An Act defining treason/' 

'*An Act to discourage desertion and to punish such 
persons as shall harbor or conceal deserters." 

** An Act for the expulsion of the internal enemies of 
this State.'' 

"An Act to open the courts of law and for the better 
settling and strengthening this state." 

^*An Act to extend and enforce the authority of the 
several laws heretofore passed in the then province 
now state of Georgia to and throughout the territory 
thereof." 

"An Act to regulate Superior Courts." 

"An Act regulating pilotage." 

"An Act to enforce the collection of arrears due from 
persons keepins: taverns, punch houses and billiard 
tables and retailers of spirituous liquors." 

"An Act to prevent gaming and horse racing." 

**An Act to regulate and extend the trade and com- 
merce of this state and to establish an insurance 
office." 

"An Act to amend an act to establish a land office." 

**An Act obliging and making liable negro slaves to 
work on forts and other public works." 

^'An Act to amend and to empower commissioners or 
surveyors to lay out, make and repair roads already 
laid out or may hereafter be necessary, and also to 
clear the ri\?^rs/' etc. 



324 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS, 

"An Act to regulate captures and seizures made in this 
state or on the high seas under and by virtue of the 
resolves and regulations of congress." 

"An Act to regulate the commissaries appointed by 
. this state and to prevent abuses in the said depart 
ments." 

"An Act for raising sixty six thousand pounds for the 
use and support of the government of the state of 
Georgia for the year 1777." 

"An Act to appoint commissioners of the land office.'' 



All these Acts are published in our volume of Colonial 
and Revolutionary Acts. 

The second legislature met at Savannah on the 6th of 
January, 1778. On the loth John Houstoun was elected 
Governor for one year, as provided in the constitution. 

Soon after Governor Houstoun's election he under- 
took, in connection with General Howe, an expedition 
against Saint Augustine, which was a place of refuge 
for the Tories and all the disaffected elements in Georgia 
and South Carolina, and a constant menace to Georgia. 
The expedition was, however, a disastrous failure, as had 
been a similar expedition undertaken by Gwinnett two 
years before. 

Of Houstoun's legislature there is in existence no 
Journal, but there are, in the Archives of the State, one 
of his proclamations and a number of enrolled acts. The 
proclamation is as follows : 

"GEORGIA By the Honourable John Houstoun Es- 
quire Captain General Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief of the State aforesaid 



PROCLAMATIONS. 325 

A PROCLAMATION 

Whereas the General Assembly of this State have 
Resolved that the Exportation of Salt be prohibited for 
a limited time, I do. therefore with the advice of the Hon- 
orable the Executive Council Issue this Proclamation to 
make known the said Resolution and Do hereby Strictly 
forbid and Ptx^hibife the • Exportation of Salt from any 
Port or Place within this State without my Permission, 
for one Month from the date hereof, And all Officers and 
others are Strictly enjoined' and Required to pay due 
Obedience hereto, as they will answer the Contrary at 
their Peril 

Given under my hand 

and Seal in. the Council 

Chamber at Savannah 

By his Honours Command the 29*** day of January 

in the Year of our Lord 
Ja" Maxwell, Sec^ One Thousand Seven 

Hundred and Seventy 
Eight 

John Houstoun (LS)" 



Some of the most important of these acts are as fol- 
lows : — 

"An Act for attainting such persons as are therein 
mentioned of high treason, and for confiscating their 
estates, both real and personal," etc. 

"An Act to compel non-residents to return within a 
certain time, or in default thereof that their estates be 
confiscated," etc. 



326 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

"An Act for the better ordering and regulating the 
militia of this State." 

The first named act, approved March i, 1778, is herein 
inserted, and is followed by the retaliatory acts passed 
by the royal legislature in Savannah after that city had 
been retaken by the British and Sir James Wright had 
returned and re-established, for a time, the royal gov- 
ernment in that part of the State. 

Subsequently, in May, 1782, after the British had been 
hemmed up in Savannah, the patriots having driven them 
from all other parts of the state, a second act of attainder 
was passed by the patriot legislature at Augusta. This 
act is also inserted here immediately after the two acts 
passed by the royal legislature of 1780. Thus the reader 
will see at a glance all the laws enacted by both the royal 
and the republican legislatures on the subjects of dis- 
qualification, treason, confiscation and banishment. 



(State Archives.) 

AN ACT 



for attainting such persons as are therein mentioned 
of high Treason, and for Confiscating their Estates, both 
real and personal to the use of this State ; for establish- 
ing boards of Commissioners for the sale of such Es- 
tates, and for other purposes therein mentioned. — 

Whereas the king of Great Britain, did on the Nine- 
teenth day of April which was in the Year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and seventy five. Commence 
a cruel and unjust War against the good people of 
America with intent to reduce them under subjection to 
a state of lawless sway and absolute despotism in Viola- 
tion of the Antcient Constitution and utterly subversive 
of the same: And Whereas the said King in order to 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 327 

carry the said flagitious and destructive system of Gov- 
ernment into full eflfect did send a body of his Troops on 
the aforesaid day and Year, which Troops did Wantonly 
Attack and Murder the peaceable Inhabitants of America 
Whereby the said King did forfeit and forefault every 
right and title to the Allegiance of the said people, and 
by other and Various methods did do away and destroy 
the great end of all Civil institutions, the public good: 
And Whereas the powers of Government incapable of 
Annihilation did devolve upon the people for exercise of 
the same, and the said people, did (as of right and Jus- 
tice they ought) enter into a full exercise thereof for 
their common safety and happiness. And Whereas at a 
General Congress held at Philadelphia a decleration of 
the Antient and inherant rights of the people recognizing 
the above principles of Government and the Necessity of 
a final seperation and dissolution of all political connec- 
tion with the King and Realm of England took place on 
the fourth day of July one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy Six, Asserting the thirteen United Colonies to 
be free, and Independent States, and in full and Absolute 
possession of every supreme f>ower which free and Inde- 
pendent States and powers do and Ought of Right to 
enjoy, which decleration not only confirmed the powers 
of the Seperate States, but plainly and Manifestly recog- 
nized the Justice and political Necessity of Assuming and 
exercising the powers which reverted to, and devolved 
upon the people on the breach which was made by the 
said King of Great Britain on the said nineteenth day of 
April in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and seventy five, in the original contract which sub- 
sisted between him and the people; And Whereas it is 
both just and Constitutional that all and every Allegiance 
and other duty which was due from tl|e good people of 
America on the said Nineteenth day of April which was 
in the Year one thousand seven hundred and seventy 
five should be immediately transferred and Accordingly 



S28 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

wpre by means of the said breach transferred from the 
sa,id King to the powers which Assumed the rights an«l 
exercise of Government in this State: And whereas 
various persons Inhabitants of this State in contempt 
of the said Allegiance And duty so transferred as afore- 
said did traiterously avoid the same, and led away by 
their wicked devices did contumaciously aid, abet, assist 
and comfort the Troops and Vassals of the said Britanick 
King then ravaging and plundering the Coasts and 
Towns of America, and by every savage and inhuman 
practice, murdering and destroying the good people of 
the same; and whereas it is but reasonable and just 
that the Estates both real and personal of all such per- 
sons residing within this State, on, or since, the said 
Nineteenth day of. April who have refused their Alle- 
giance to the Governing powers of the same should be 
forfeited and Confiscated, which forfeitures and confisca- 
tions, are further Recommended by Congress to be car- 
ried into immediate executicMi. With intent therefore 
that effectual Justice may be done, and all such defections 
and treasons meet with their due punishments, and also 
that the same may be prevented in future. 

Be it enacted by the Representatives of the freemen 
of the State of Georgia in General Assembly met, and it 
is hereby enacted by the Authority of the Same. That 

Sir James Wright, William Johnson, 

John Graham, John Lightenstone, 

Henry Yonge J* ^ John Mulryne, 
William Moss, Josiah Tattnall, 

Robert Smith, '. William M'Gillivray, 
James Hume, John Joachin Zubly, 

William John Yonge, George Kincaid, 

Cha' W" M^^Kennin, John Hume, 

George Barry, Joseph Farley, 

Alexander Wylly, Robert Reid, 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 329 



Thomas Reid, 
John Bond Randell, 
Henry Yonge Sen', 
^Philip Yonge, , 
James Robertson, 
Ja" Brown school master, 
^ David Johnston, . 
Alexander M'Goun, 
William Simes, 
John Inglis, 

John McDonald (Taylor) 
William Ross, (late of 

Saint Andrews Parish) 
.Daniel M^Cleod, 
Alexander Baillie, 
Alexander M'Donald, 
David Ross, 
Daniel M'Donald, 
Roderick M'Intosh, 
Angus Bacon, 
Thomas Young, 
Simon Munro, 
Simon Patterson, 
William Lyford, 
Rob* Baillie, 
James Kitching, 
Roger Kelsall, 
James Spalding, 
Robert Porteous, 
Alexander Creighton, 
Robert Moodie, 
William Clark (late of S* 

Andrews Parish) 
James Chapman, 
Charles Watts, 
William Bosomworth, 



Sampson Williams, 
Garrit Vinsant, 
George Vinsant, 
Daniel M^Gurth, 
'James M'Gurth, 
George Proctor, 
James Shivers, 
Peter Dean, 
Thomas Johnston, 
' George Borland, 
-James Johnston, 
James Downey, 
'William Trentfield, 
•George ^^'Caully, 
John Jamieson, 
Andrew Hewitt, 
George Baillie, 
George Webb, 
" John Love (of Effingham 

County) • 
Joseph Johnston, 
John Johnston, 
George Wilds, 
William Love, 
Charles Hall, 
James Moore, 
Samuel Moore, 
John Hubbard, 
Matthew Marshal, 
Joseph Marshal, 
Thomas Brown, late of 

the ceded lands, 
Thomas Scott, (late of the 

ponds on Ogechee Wilkes 

County) 
W" Eraser, 



330 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

• Timothy Hollingsworth, - William Oldes, 
Valentine Hollingsworth, William Colville (pilot) 
William M^'Donald, John Murray, 

John M^^Donald, Anthony Stokes, 

John Speier, John Wood, (late of Sa- 

John Martin, (of Jekyl Isl- vannah, Merchant) 

and) James Edward Powell, 

John Frost, Jermyn Wright, 

William Frost, Charles Wright, 

Cornelius Dunn, Thomas Eatton, 

John Dunn, James Tayler, (Merchant) 

^ John Pettinger, George Finch, 

Robert Abrams, (hatter) Philip Moore, 
Joseph Rains (late of the William Panton, 

Parish of S* David) John Simpson (Sabine 
Basil Cowper Jun^ fields) 

Thomas Stringer, ^Charles M'Culloch, (late of 

John Hopkins (Pilot) Savannah) 

be attainted and Adjudged guilty of high Treason 
Against this State, and they are hereby attainted and ad- 
judged guilty of the same Accordingly. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that in case any or either of the persons above 
named, and who are herein and hereby attainted of high 
Treason shall hereafter Return to this State, or be taken 
in Arms against the Authority of this State, or the 
United States, and shall be brought within the limits of 
this State, such person or persons shall be subject to 
arrest, imprisonment and trial for the crime of high 
treason, and shall on conviction thereof in any Court of 
record where by the laws of this State, such person or 
persons shall be triable. Receive sentence and judgment 
of death, and shall suffer Accordingly. 

And whereas such persons as have forfeited the per- 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 331 

sonal protection of, and been Guilty of high Treason 
Against the State, Contrary to their duty and Allegiance 
to the same, do also incur the forfeiture of their prop- 
erty And possessions both real and personal, and it being 
highly reasonable that the Estates real and personal of 
traitors who are hereby Attainted should be discovered, 
and Applied to the use of the good people of this State, 
in the most speedy and effectual manner, and that due 
provision be made for the satisfaction of. all just and 
lawful claims which any of the good friends of this State 
may have to, out of, or upon the Estates of such dis- 
affected persons and Traitors ; 

Be it therefore further Enacted by the Authority 
aforesaid that all and every the lands and heritages, 
debts or sums of money, and goods and Chatties what- 
soever, and generally the goods Chatties and effects, 
heritable and moveable, real and personal, of what Na- 
ture or kind soever they be, within this State, whereof 
any person or persons, who, since the said Nineteenth 
day of April which was in the Year of our Lord, one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy five, is, or are here- 
by attainted and adjudged guilty of high Treason against 
this State for levying War against the same, or con- 
spiring against its safety, or for any other high Treason 
whatsoever committed since the said Nineteenth day of 
April in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and seventy five, within this State, or elsewhere, 
was, were, or shall have been seized or possessed of, or 
interested in, or intitled unto on the said nineteenth day 
of April in the Year of our Lord, one thousand seven 
hundred and seventy five — or at any time afterwards, in 
his her or their own right, or to his her or -their own 
use, or whereof, any other person or persons, was were 
or shall have been seized, and possessed of, or interested 
in or intitled unto, to the use or in trust for them, or any 
of them, shall According to the several and Respective 



332 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Estates, and interests, which the said person or persons 
attainted since the said Nineteenth day of April in the 
Year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy five, or any in trust for them, or any of them, 
had or shall have had therein as aforesaid, or did, or 
might, or shall forfeit by such attainder, stand and be 
forfeited to this State, and shall be deemed vested, and 
Adjudged, and is, and are hereby declared and enacted 
to be in the real and Actual possession of the Govern- 
ment thereof without any office of Inquisition thereof 
hereafter to be taken or found, and without any declara- 
tion of forfeiture to be obtained. 

And to the end that all the Estates of the said Traitors 
of what nature soever within this State hereby or other- 
wise vested, or hereby intended to be vested in this State, 
and the Yearly and other Values thereof, and all incum- 
brances thereupon, may be the better discovered, known 
and described, and Ascertained, and that the same may 
be secured, sold and disposed of, and that in the mean 
time, the rents issues and profits thereof may be recovered 
and brought in, for the use of and to defray the Grevious 
and heavy expences accrued in defending this state 
against the attacks of its cruel invaders; and that due 
examination be taken, and satisfaction be made of all 
just and lawful claims to, upon or out of the said Es- 
tates or any of them : 

Be it therefore further Enacted by the Authority 
aforesaid that five persons be appointed by the ballot of 
this House to act as a board of Commissioners in each 
County within this State, except as herein is hereafter 
excepted that is to say: For the County of Chatham 
George Walton, Thomas Stone, John M'Cleur, Edward 

Davis and Ambrose Wright: For the County of 

Effingham John Postell, Henry Wood, Jacob Cronen- 
berger, Joshua Peirce and Archibald Patterson: 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 33a 

For the County of Burke, John Thomas, Abraham Jones,. 
Blessingham Harvy, Joseph Gresham and William Lev- 

ingston: For the County of Richmond, Robert 

Walton, Seth John Cuthbert, Benjamin Few, William 

Glascock, and William Jackson : For the County of 

Wilkes Solomon Nusum Jun', Richard Aycock, George 

Wells, Daniel Colman and Barnard Herd : For the 

County's of Liberty, Glynn and Camden, Benjamin 
Baker, John Sandiford, Francis Brown, Moses Way and 

William Peacock: And any three or More of such 

Commissioners in each County shall Constitute a boards 
and shall exercise the powers and duties by this Act given 
and required; And each board so Constituted and ap- 
pointed as aforesaid is hereby authorized empowered, 
and required, to enquire into all such Estates both real 
and personal within their respective Counties, as are here- 
by, or otherwise Vested, or hereby intended to be vested 
in this State ; and to cause all and every the rents issues 
and profits thereof, until sale shall be made, to be eflfect- 
ually levied and paid to the respective boards; and ta 
levy, raise, secure and cause to be sold by the sheriff or 
such other person, as shall be appointed by the respective 
Boards of each County, all such Estates both real and 
personal, and other personal Chattels and Estates 
hereby or intended hereby to be vested in this 
State, situate and being within each County re- 
spectively; and all such rents, issues and profits^ 
and all monies arising from such sales shall be 
paid to the respective boards, and by the re- 
spective boards shall be deposited in the Treasury of this 
State, to be disposed of, used, or employed to such pur- 
poses and uses as the Legislature of this State, shall or- 
der and direct; and all persons claiming, or pretending 
to claim any Estate, right, title, or Interest in, to, or out 
of the said Estates hereby, or intended hereby to be 
vested in this State, or being, or pretending to be Credi- 



334 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

tors of any of the said persons hereby Attainted and 
Adjudged Guilty of high Treason, shall. produce and ex- 
hibit the same to the respective Boards, within whose 
Jurisdiction such claims shall belong and be made, and 
the same shall he examined and enquired into by the Re- 
spective boards: And if they shall find that any of the 
claims so to l>e made as aforesaid, shall ]ye well founded, 
and have good colour of Justice, and are not rendered 
fraudulent and void, by any part of this Act, that then 
the said resj^ective boards shall admit such claims and 
.\ct Accordingly : but in case any of such claims shall not 
api>car to be weW f^ unded, and to have good colour of 
Justice, and shall appear to be made fraudulent and 
Vc>id by t'lis \ct. that then the said respective Boards 
shall lefcr all the papers and other testimonies, upon 
which such claims shall be founded, to the Attorney Gen- 
eral for the State. f(^r the time l)eing, who is hereby Au- 
thorized and re(|nired to enquire into, and examine the 
said papers and testinif^iies, and to defend the right of 
the State, as well hefore the said boards, as in any of the 
Superior Courts ai^ainst the same. 

And l>e it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid 
that the respective Boards so constituted and appointed as 
aforesaid shall and may meet, Act and proceed from 
time to time with or without Adjournment, within term 
time or without, and shall and may send their precept 
or precepts for any person or persons wliatsoever to ap- 
pear before theni, and for all such books papers Writings 
and Authenticated Copies of Records, as they shall think 
necessary for their information in any Matters or things 
relating to this Act without any fee charge or reward 
to be paid for the same ; and shall and may detain in their 
Custody, such books, papers, writings and Authenticated 
copies of records, so long as they shall have occasion for 
the same; and then return such books, papers, writings 
And Authenticated Copies of records to such persons to 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 335 

whom they respectively belong, and shall and may ad- 
minister Oaths for the better discovery of the truth of 
the enquiries by them to be made to any person or per- 
sons therein concerned, or to any other person or persons 
whatsoever; and all Sheriffs and their deputies, and Con- 
stables are hereby required to obey and execute such or- 
ders and precepts, as shall be sent to them by the re- 
spective boards; and the said respective boards 
are hereby tr..po\vered and required in a Sum- 
mary way, anvl witliout the formalities of the pro- 
ceedings in the Courts of Law to enquire and inform 
themselves by and upon the Testimony of Witnesses 
upon Oath, examination of persons interested upon their 
Oaths, inspection and examination of deeds Writings and 
records or by all or any of the said ways and means, 
or otherwise, according to their discretions as soon as 
may be; and to make a Register in books of the names 
of all such persons Attainted, and of all real and personal 
Estates, and interests whatsoever by this Act Vested, or 
hereby intended to be vested in this State, And by whom 
such estates, was and were forfeited or forfeitable, and 
what estate or Interest every such person Attainted or 
to be Attainted for high Treason as aforesaid had in 
any of the premises on the said nineteenth day of April 
in the Year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred 
and seventy five, or at any time afterwards, and by what 
Tenures the same, or any of them respectively were 
holden, and of all incumbrances whatsoever, to which any 
of the said Estates forfeited or forfeitable for high Trea- 
son, were liable or subject before the said Nineteenth day 
of April in the Year one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy five or at any time afterwards. And in case 
any person or persons summoned to appear before the 
said Boards respectively for discovery of the premises 
shall neglect or refuse to appear or be examined 
as aforesaid then and in ever}^ such case, ic 



336 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

shall and may be lawful, to and for the sat:I 
boards respectively to Commit the said person 
or persons so neglecting or refusing as aforesaid 
to the Common Jail of the County wherein such sum- 
mons and neglect and refusal shall be made, there to re- 
main without bail until such person or persons shall 
conform themselves and submit to be examined as afore- 
said ; And if any Officer or Officers sliall refuse to give 
obedience to the precepts and Orders of the said Boards 
respectively, for the due execution of this Act, then and 
in every such case it shall and may be lawful to and for 
the said respective boards to impose on any such Officer 
or Officers, any fine not exceeding fifty pounds lawful 
money of this State for any one Offence, and to Commit 
any such Officer or Officers to Jail until such fine shall 
be paid. And for deterring and preventing all and every 
person and persons Whatsoever anywise indebted or 
liable to pay to any such forfeiting person or persons, 
any sum of money hereby or otherwise vested in this 
State as aforesaid, from concealing, with-holding, neg- 
lecting or refusing to pay the same to the said boards 
respectively. — 

Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all 
and every such person and persons so indebted or liable 
as aforesaid who shall neglect to discover and make 
known the same to the said boards respectively within 
sixty days after the passing, and publication of this Act 
shall forfeit double the Value of any such debt or debts, 
sum or sums of money, to be recovered by suit at law in 
the several Counties respectively to the Use of this State, 
as aforesaid, and all and every person or persons, who 
was or were, hath or have been possessed of any personal 
goods or Chatties of or belonging to any such person or 
persons attainted of high Treason as aforesaid when 
the same became forfeited or afterwards, or shall be 
thereof Possessed, are hereby strictly charged and re- 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 337 

quired to discover and make known the same to the said 
boards respectively within the said time of Sixty days, 
next after the passing of this Act, and all and every such 
person or persons having such goods or Chatties in his 
her or their possession, Custody or power, and neglect- 
ing to discover the same before the expiration of the 
said time of sixty days shall for such offence forfeit 
double the value of such personal Goods and Chatties 
to be recovered for the use of this State as aforesaid; 
And the said boards respectively are hereby Authorized 
and empowered to make any such settlements and Agree- 
ments touching any such debts, or personal Goods and 
Chatties so as aforesaid, to be discovered as the said 
boards respectively shall in any such case, on due consid- 
eration on the nature thereof, or circumstances of the 
parties Concerned therein, think fit and reasonable which 
Settlements and Agreements to be valid in Law, so as 
they do not extend to any Abatement of the real Amount 
of any such debts, or a relinquishment of any such per- 
sonal goods or Chatties and so as the monies payable 
on any sucji settlements and Agreements be paid to the 
said Boards respectively for the use of this State, within 
the respective times allowed by the respective boards for 
the payment thereof; and where any of the said debts 
are secured by bonds or Obligations with penalties, or 
are due and Owing upon open Accoimts not Adjusted, 
the said Boards respectively are hereby Authorized to 
state settle and determine thfe same, or to cause suits to 
be commenced for the recovery thereof. — 

And to the intent the debts and personal Goods and 
Chatties herein before or other wise Vested in this State 
may be disposed of, and the Amount and Value thereof 
applied to the Use of this State ; 

Be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid 

22 r r— vol 1 



388 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

that the said respective boards as soon as conveniently 
may be, use their utmost endeavours to secure all such 
debts, goods or personal chatties, in such places, and in 
the Custody of such persons, as shall be thought most 
proper by the said Boards respectively, for preventing 
the perishing or any loss, or embezzlement thereof, and 
shall make or cause to be made a true and perfect In- 
ventory or Inventories thereof. Containing a true and 
particular Account of all such debts. Goods and personal 
chatties by whom they were forfeited, and when, and by 
whom delivered to the said respective Boards, or any 
person by them appointed to receive the same; and shall 
also cause a just appraisement thereof to be made upon 
the Oaths of any three persons to be appointed by the 
said boards respectively for that purpose; And the said 
boards respectively are hereby Authorized and required 
to cause the sheriff or such other person as they shall 
respectively appoint in the respective Counties after all 
claims shall be liquidated and settled in the manner as 
is herein after directed in respect to real Estates, to sell 
all and singular such goods and Chatties so inventoried 
and Appraised, according to their best skill and Judg- 
ment And for that purpose shall cause public Notice to 
be given for the space of thirty days at least, of the time 
and place of exposing to public sale any such goods and 
Chatties, and the several particulars then and there to 
be sold, at which time the sheriff or such other person as 
they shall respectively appoint, shall sell the same by Auc- 
tion for the Money of this State only and to the Inhabi- 
tants being Actual Citizens and residents of, and within 
the same, and to none others. And the said Boards re- 
spectively shall Attend the sale of any such Goods or 
Chatties and shall cause an entry to be made in their 
respective books, of all and every the personal Goods or 
Chatties so sold, and of the buyers Names and places 
of Abode, and of the prices for which they sold ; And for 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 339 

the further Assurances thereof to the buyers, the said 
Boards respectively shall give a Certificate under the 
hand and seal of the Chairman unto the respective Buy- 
ers being Inhabitants, Citizens, and residents of this State 
as aforesaid and not Transient, and of and belonging to 
any other State or Government except as herein after 
is provided and excepted specifying the particulars by 
them bought the prices and time of sale ; and every such 
buyer shall thereupon pay one fourth part of the Amount 
of every such purchase so made by persons within the 
description of this Act to the said boards respectively 
for the use of this State; and shall give good and suffi- 
cient security by Mortgage of the property so purchased, 
and Also personal Security to be Approved of by the said 
boards Respectively for payment of the remaining part 
of the purchase money within three Years after the day 
of sale, with Interest for the same at the rate of eight 
per Cent ^ Annum to he paid in the following manner 
that is to say, one third part of such remainder, at the 
end of one Year; one other third part thereof 
at the end of two years; and the remaining 
one other^ third part at the end of three Years, 
together with the whole of the Interest at the end 
of each Year respectively to the use of this State, paya- 
ble to the Governor of this State for the time being, 
and all such Bonds shall be recorded in the Secretarys 
Office of this State within Ten days after they shall be 
delivered to the Governor as aforesaid; and the said 
respective boards being satisfied with the payment of the 
said one fourth part which shall be deposited in the pub- 
lic Treasury to the use of this State and of the security 
given for payment of the remainder within the time 
aforesaid, shall forthwith order the particulars so bought, 
paid for, and secured, to be delivered to the buyer or 
buyers, his her or their Assigns ; and in case any person 
or persons who shall be the highest bidder for any such 



340 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

personal Goods or Chatties so exposed to sale as afore- 
said, shall make any default in payment of the said one 
fourth part of the purchase money, or in giving ap- 
proved security as aforesaid for payment of the remain- 
der within the time aforesaid, the said boards respective- 
ly, shall and may order the respective sheriffs, or such 
other Person as they shall req)ectively appoint to pro- 
ceed to a new sale of all and every such personal goods 
or Chatties for which such default shall t>e made unto 
any other person or persons, as if no sale thereof had 
before been made. Provided nevertheless, that no 
one person, or any person for his or her benefit or use 
shall have a right, or be permitted out of any or all the 
sale or sales which shall or may be made under and 
by Virtue of this Act more than twenty five Negroes 
above the Age of fifteen Years; and all purchases of a 
greater Number of Negroes above that age, by any one 
person, or any person for his or her use are hereby de- 
clared faudulent and Void, and any and all Negroes 
above that age and number, which shall or may be sold 
contrary to the intent and meaning of this Act, shall be 
demanded and taken from any such purchaser and again 
exposed to public sale: Provided also that any of 
the Inhabitants and Citizens of any of the United States 
who shall Actually come within this State with notorious 
intent to settle in the same, may be allowed to become 
purchasers at any of such sales within the restrictions 
aforesaid. And provided further that no purchaser 
may be allowed or permitted to remove any such slaves 
so purchased as aforesaid without the limits of this State 
and that in case any person shall, Contrary to the intent 
and Meaning of this Act within twelve months after the 
passing and publication of the same, remove or carry 
from without the limits of this State any Negro or Ne- 
groes so purchased as aforesaid such person or persons 
shall for such offence forfeit double the Value thereof to 
be recovered by suit at Law to the Use of this State. 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 341 

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all and every person or persons being friends 
to the Independency of this State who shall claim or pre- 
tend to claim any right title or interest, of, in, or to any 
such real Estate of any person herein and hereby At- 
tainted in and by this Act, shall within Sixty days next 
after the passing and publication of this Act, by his her 
or their Attorney or otherwise prefer and exhibit the 
same to the said Boards respectively, and in case no Claim 
shall be preferred and exhibited within the said Sixty 
days, of, in, or to any such real estates of such persons 
attainted in and by this Act, all and every such estate or 
estates shall be deemed free of Incumbrances and Charge ; 
and the said Boards respectively may and shall proceed 
to give public notice in Writing, or at least forty days for 
the sale of such Estates in like manner as is required 
in and by this Act in respect to the sale of personal 
Goods and Chatties : Provided nevertheless that in case it 
shall appear to any future Legislature that any Infant, 
or other person being friends to the Independency of this 
state from being under Age or from any other unavoida- 
ble obstacle could not prefer or exhibit his, her, or their 
claim or Claims of, in, or to any such real estates to the 
said respective Boards within the said sixty days, it shall 
and may be lawful to and for any such house of Assem- 
bly, to give and Grant to any such Aggrieved person or 
persons, such relief and redress as shall be deemed equal 
to the real Value of all and every such claim and claims, 
any thing contained in this Act to the contrary in any 
wise notwithstanding: And Provided also that all 
such claimants shall have and be entitled to every 
advantage of being heard by Counsel or otherwise be- 
fore the said respective Boards as any such Claimants 
may think fit: And Provided further that all and 
every such claimant or Claimants who shall or may be 
discontented with the determination of any of the boards 



342 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

respectively shall have the right of appealing from the 
same to any of the superior Courts of this State within 
the respective Counties. 

And to the end that all such real Estates so sold as 
aforesaid may the more effectually be secured, Assured 
and confirmed to the respective buyers : 

Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the 
said boards respectively, shall cause the respective Sher- 
iffs or such other persons as shall be Appointed by the 
respective boards, immediately after good and sufficient 
security as aforesaid, shall be given and taken from the 
respective buyers, payable within five Years next after 
any and every such sale to the Governor of this State for 
the time being, such security to be approved of by the said 
Boards respectively, together with an Interest of six ^ 
Cent payable Annually to the Governor as aforesaid, 
that then the said respective Sheriffs or such other per- 
sons as shall be appointed by the said respective Boards, 
shall at the proper Costs and Charges of every such pur- 
chaser, sign seal and execute to every such purchaser, 
Good and sufficient deeds of Lease and release, for bar- 
gaining, selling. Assuring, releasing. Conveying, and con- 
firming to every such purchaser his her or their heirs 
and Assigns forever, every such tract of land or planta- 
tion, so to be sold aqd purchased under and by Virtue of 
this Act, as herein before is mentioned and directed, 
which said deeds of Lease and Release shall be certified 
by the respective boards, by an Indorsement on the deed 
of release specifying the Actual sale of the premises, the 
Consideration, or purchase money, and the purchasers 
name. 

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all suits which shall or may be commenced, 
or cause to be commenced, in any of the Courts within 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778, 343 

this State, by any of the said respective boards tinder and 
by Virtue of this Act, shall be in the name of the Gov- 
ernor in trust for, and on behalf of this State. 

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all Bonds, Bills, Notes, Conveyances by 
lease and release, or other wise, transfers Exchanges, 
and settlements in trust or otherwise of any such Estates 
real or personal of or belonging to persons hereby at- 
tainted, made or entered into before or since the said 
nineteenth day of April, in the Year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy five being fair and 
for bona fide and valuable consideration and not intended 
to secure and keep the same from forfeiture and confisca- 
tion shall be deemed and held Valid in Law any thing 
herein contained to the Contrary notwithstanding: Pro- 
vided nevertheless that the said respective Boards shall 
have and exercise the powers of Examination and En- 
quiry by sending for persons papers and Authenticated 
copies of Records, by Administering Oaths and other- 
wise to discover any and all collusions and frauds, and all 
deeds and writings of what nature or kind soever, which 
shall appear to have been made with intent to secure any 
such Estate real or personal from forfeiture and confisca- 
tion, is and are hereby adjudged and declared fraudulent 
and Void. 

And Whereas the well managing of the said for- 
feited Estates is of the utmost consequence to the safety 
and preservation of this State. 

Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the several Commissioners nominated by this 
Act for the selling and disposing the said forfeited Es- 
tates shall each of them before they enter on the Execution 
of their Office take the following Oath before any Magis- 
trate of the Respective Counties, not being a Member 
of any of the said respective boards. 



344 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

I A. B. do solemnly swear that I will to the best of 
my skill and Judgment faithfully and honestly execute 
and perform the several respective duties required in and 
by An Act of the General Assembly of this State en- 
titled An Act for Attainting such persons as are therein 
Mentioned &° As a Commissioner for the County of 
so help me God. 

And for the more effectual securing the benefits 
Arising on such Estates: Be it enacted by the Au- 
thority aforesaid that the said Commissioners and each 
of them, shall give good and sufficient security to the 
Governor for the time being in trust for the use of this 
State for the due and faithful performance of the trust 
reposed in them, in proportion to the Estates so intrust- 
ed to them in manner and form following that is to say : 
Each of the Commissioners for the County of Chatham, 
five thousand pounds. Each of the Commissioners for 
the County of Effingham Two Hundred pounds. Each 
of the Commissioners for the County of Burke one hun- 
dred pounds. Each of the Commissioners for the County 
of Richmond five hundred pounds. Each of the Commis- 
sioners for the County of Wilkes, one hundred pounds. 
Each of the Commissioners for the Counties of Liberty 
Glynn and Camden, five hundred pounds. Provided 
nevertheless that no one Commissioner shall be security 
for another Commissioner. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the respective Boards do and they are 
hereby required to corespond with each other, and to set- 
tle different and distant days for selling any of the Es- 
tates real or personal, which shall or may be sold under 
and by Virtue of this Act ; and in order that all and ev- 
ery of the Inhabitants of the several Counties may attend 
any such sales. 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778. 345 

And to the end that all monies arising by Means of all 
and every the sale and saleis rents issues and profits of any 
such Estates so vested in this State as aforesaid may be 
secured and applied to the uses and purposes directed by 
this Act. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the said respective boards shall and they are 
hereby directed and required to pay into the public 
Treasury of this State all and every sum and sums of 
Money which shall or may come into their hands re- 
spectively by means of any sale or sales, rents issues anrl 
profits as aforesaid within ten days after the receipt of ' 
all and every such sum of Money by the said respective 
Boards: And the Treasurers for the time being are 
hereby directed and required to make and subscribe three 
receipts for every such sum of Money of the same tenor 
and date, and to deliver one of such receipts to the Gov- 
ernor for the time being : One to the said Respective 

Boards, and the remaining one shall be Lodged in the 
Secretary's Office of this State. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that in case any of the Commissioners appointed in 
and by this Act, shall die, or resign their appointment, 
refuse or neglect to Act in the recess of the Legislature 
then the Governor and Council for the time being, are 
hereby Authorized and empowered to appoint some 
proper and discreet person or persons to act in the room 
or stead of any such person or persons, who shall or may 
die, or resign, refuse or neglect to Act as aforesaid. 

And Whereas the Sheriffs of the different Counties, 
or such other person or persons who shall sell any part 
of the Confiscated estates will be put to considerable 
trouble in selling the several Estates, Ordered to be sold 
by this Act, and it is hut just and right they should re- 
ceive an Adequate compensation for the same. 



346 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the authority afore- 
said that the several Sheriffs or such other person or 
persons who shall sell at public out cry the several Es- 
tates directed to be sold by this Act or any of them, or 
any part of them, shall be allowed for their trouble there- 
in the following Commissions to wit, to the Sheriff or 
such other person or persons who shall sell the said 
Estates in the Cotmty of Chatham five shillings on every 
hundred pounds Value so sold, received and paid, and to 
the Sheriffs or such other person or persons who shall sell 
the said Estates, in the Counties of Effingham, Burke, 
Richmond, Wilkes, Liberty, Glyn and Camden fifty shil- 
lings on every hundred pounds value so sold received and 
paid in each of the said Counties to the Amount of Ten 
thousand pounds, and for^ all sums above the amount 
of Ten thousand pounds, five shillings on every hundred 
pounds Value so sold received and paid. 

And to the end that all monies Arising from the said 
Sales be more effectually secured, and applied to the 
public Use. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the authority afore- 
said that the respective Boards are required to demand 
a reasonable Security of the respective Sheriffs or other 
persons for the due and faithful performance of their 
offices, in selling the Estates both real and personal for- 
feited and Confiscated by this Act, and directed to be 
sold, which Security shall be made payable to the Gover- 
nor for the time being, in trust for the State, and shall 
be filed in the Secretarys office of the same there to re- 
main as matter of record. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the said respective Boards, be and they are 
hereby Authorized and empowered to Allow and Ap- 
propriate any part or parts of the Estate or Estates real 
or personal of every person or persons Attainted in and 



GEORGIA ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1778- 347 

by this Act, who hath or have left a Wife or Wives, 
Child or Children behind him or them, and who are yet 
and shall continue to remain within this State for the 
support and Maintenance of such Wife or Wives Child 
or Children. Provided that such Allowances and Ap- 
propriation do not exceed the one half part of any such 
Estate : Except in cases where the one half part of any 
such Estate shall be found to be insufficient for these 
purposes ; That then and in every such Case it shall and 
may be lawful for the said respective boards, to Allow 
and appropriate to the purposes aforesaid any farther 
part or the whole of any such Estate or Estates. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said, and it is hereby enacted and declared that all 
sum and sums of money arising from all and singular 
the sales of both real and personal Estates so to be made 
as aforesaid, shall be employed towards calling in, and 
sinking the Certificates, and bills of Credit issued by 
this State for the public security and defence, and to- 
wards defraying and discharging the Quota of this 
State of the expences and disbursements of the United 
States in the present War with Great Britain; And the 
remainder of the same shall be appropriated as a fund 
for the future support of this State, subject to the disposal 
of the General Assembly of the same. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that this shall be deemed a public Act, and may 
be given in evidence in any of the Courts of Record 
within this State without any special pleading, and in case 
any person shall be sued or impleaded for any thing done 
under this Act, and Judgment by Verdict or otherwise 
shall be passed against him; such person shall recover 

double costs. 

By order of the House. 

March i" 1778. — 



348 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

(From B, P. R, O,, Board of Trade, Georgia, Acts Vol. 
4, No, 162,) 

AN ACT 

To disqualify and render incapable the several persons 
herein after named from holding or exercising any 
office of trust honour or Profit in the Province of 
Georgia for a Certain time and for Other purposes 
therein Mentioned. 

Whereas a most Audacious wicked and unprovoked 
Rebellion was lately raised and carried on against his 
Majesty in the province of Georgia, and several persons 
concerned therein, in a most violent, hostile and unlawful 
manner usurped the Government thereof, and erected 
themselves into a pretended independent State, where 
they exercised many Acts of Violence and Oppression, 
in contempt of his said Majesty and his Laws, and to the 
great distress and injury of his Loyal Subjects. And 
whereas the several persons herein after named were 
Active and concerned in the said unlawful proceedings 
or some of them. We therefore Pray your most sacred 
Majesty that it may be Enacted, and be it Enacted by 
his Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet Captain Gen- 
eral Governor and Commander in Chief, in and over his 
said Majesty's Province of Georg^ by and with the ad- 
vice and consent of the Honourable the Council and Com- 
mons House of Assembly of the said province in general 
Assembly Met, and by the Authority of the same, that 
immediately from and after the passing of this Act, and 
during the Continuance thereof, the same persons herein 
after named, that is to say, 

John Houstoun late of this province Rebell Governor, 

John Adam Treutlen, late of same, Rebell Governor 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 349 

Lachlan M*' Intosh late of the same, Rebel General, 

George Walton late of the same, member of the Rebel 
Congress, 

William Stephens, late of the same, Rebel Attorney 
General, 

John M*" Luer late of the same, Rebel Major. 

Joseph Clay late of the same, Rebel Paymaster Gen- 
eral, 

Noble Wimberly Jones late of the same speaker of the 
Rebel Assembly 

Mordecai Sheftall late of the same Chairman of the 
Rebel Parochial Committee, 

William O Bryen late of the same Rebel Treasurer 

John Werriatt late of the same. Rebel Councellor 

Edward Telfair late of the same Member of the Rebel 
Congress, 

Edward Davis, late of the same Member of the Rebel 
Assembly, 

Samuel Elbert late of the same a Rebel General, 

Seth John Cuthbert late of the same Rebel Major, 

William Holzendorf late of the same, Rebel Coimsel- 
lor, 

Richard Howley late of the same Rebel Governor, 

George Galphin Rebel Superintendent of Indian Af- 
fairs, 

Andrew Williamson Rebel General, 



350 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

John White late of this province Rebel Colonel 

Nehemiah Wade late of the same Rebel Treasurer, 

John Twiggs late of the same Rebel Colonel, 

William Few late of the same Rebel Counsellor, 

Edward Langworthy late of the same Rebel Delegate, 

William Glasscock late of the same Rebel Counsellor, 

Robert Walton late of the same Rebel Commissioner 
of forfeited Estates, 

Joseph Wood Junior late of the same Clerk to the 
Rebel Assembly 

("ic) piggens late of the same Rebel Colonel, 



William Hornby late of the same, distiller. 

Pierce Butler late of the same Rebel Officer, 

Joseph Wood late of the same Member of the Rebel 
Congress, 

Reverend William Piercy late of the same Clerk, 

Thomas Savage late of the same Planter, 

Thomas Stone late of the same Rebel Counsellor, 

Benjamin Andrew late of the same President of the 
Rebel Council, 

John Baker, Senior late of the same Rebel Colonel, 

William Baker late of the same Rebel Officer. 

Francis Brown late of the same Planter, 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 351 

Nathan Brunson late of the same Member of the Rebel 
Congress, 

John Hardy late of the same Captain of a Rebel Gal- 
ley 

Joseph Oswald late of the same Planter 

Thomas Morris late of the same Rebel Officer 

Samuel Miller late of the same Rebel Assembly man 

Thomas Maxwell late of the same, Planter 

Joseph Woodruff late of the same Captain of a Rebel 
Galley 

Josiah Powell late of the same Planter, 

Samuel Saltus late of the same a Committeeman 

John Sandiford late of the same Planter 

Peter Tarling late of the same Rebel Officer, 

Oliver Bowen late of the same Rebel Commodore, 

Lyn>an Hall late of the same Member of the Rebel 
Congress 

Andrew Moore late of the same planter, 

Joshua Inman late of the same Planter 

John Dooly late of the same Rebel Colonel 

John Glen late of the same Rebel Chief Justice 

Richard Wylly late of the same President of the Rebel 
Cotmcil, 

Adam Fowler Brisbane late of the same Rebel Coun- 
sellor 



362 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Shem Butler late of the same, Rebel Assemblyman 

Joseph Habersham late of the same, Rebel Colonel 

John Stirk late of the same, Rebel Colonel 

Raymond Demmere late of the same Rebel Cloathier 

General Charles Odingsell late of the same Rebel Cap- 
tain 

William Peacock late of the same Rebel Counsellor 

John Braddock late of the same Captain of a Rebel 
Galley . : 

Joseph Reynolds late of the same Bricklayer 

Rodolph Strohager late of the same Butcher 

Charles Cope late of the same Butcher • 

Lewis Cope late of the same Butcher 

Hepworth Carter late of the same Rebel Captain 

Stephen Johnston late of the same, Butcher, 

John M^'Intosh Junior late of the same Rebel Colonel, 

James Houstoun late of the same Surgeon, 

— * 

James Habersham late of the same Merchant 

John Habersham late of the same Rebel Major, 

John Milledge Junior, late of the same Rebel Assem- 
bl3nnan, 

Levi Sheftal late of the same Butcher, 

Philip Jacob Cohen late of the same Shop Keeper; 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 353^ 

John Sutcliffe late of the same Shopkeeper, 

Jonathan Bryan late of the Same Rebel Counsellor, 

John Spencer late of the same Rebel Officer, j 

John Holmes late of the same Clerk, 

William Gibbons the elder late of the same Rebel 
Counsellor, 

Sheftall Sheftall, late of the same Rebel Officer, 

Philip Minis late of the same Shopkeeper, » 

Coshman Pollock late of the same Shopkeeper, 

Robert Hamilton late of the same Attorney at Law 

Benjamin Lloyd late of the same Rebel Officer, 

James Alexander late of the same Rebel Officer, 

John Jenkins late of the same Rebel Assemblyman, 

Samuel Stirk late of the same Rebel Secretary, 

Philip Densler late of the same. Yeoman 

Henry Cuyler, late of the same Rebel Officer 

Joseph Gibbons late of the same, Rebel Assemblyman, 

Ebenezer Smith Piatt, late of the same shopkeeper, 

Matthew Griffin late of the same planter, 

Peter Deveaux late of the same Gentleman 

Benjamin Odingsell late of the same Rebel Officer, 

John Gibbons late of the same Vendue Master, 

88 r r— TOl 1 



364 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

John Smith late of the same planter, 

WilliamXeConte late of the same Rebel Counsellor 

Charles Franci$ Chevalier late of the same Rebel 
Counsellor, 

Peter Chambers of Savannah Shopkeeper, 

Thomas Washington late of this Province, Rebel 
Officer, 

Elisha Maxwell late of the same, planter, 

Thomas Maxwell junior late of the same Rebel Major, 
I ... 

William Gibbons the younger late of the same Planter, 

William Davis late of the same Rebel Officer, 

John Graves late of the same Yeoman, 

Charles Kent late of the same Rebel Counsellor, 

John Bacon late of the same Marriner, 

Job Pray late of the same Marriner. 

Nathaniel Saxton late of the same tavemkeeper. 

Philip Low late of the same Rebel Officer, 

Samuel Spencer late of the same Marriner, 

John Winn Senior late of the same Planter, 

Devereaux Jarratt late of the same Rebel Assembly- 
man 

Samuel West late of the same Gentleman, 

Josiah Dupqnt late of the same, Planter, 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 366 
James Pugh late of the same planter, 
Francis Pugh late of the same Planter 
James Rae late of the same Planter 
James Martin late of the same Planter 
John Martin, late of the same Rebel Sheriflf 
Thomas Pace late of the same Rebel Officer, 
Benjamin Few late of the same Rebel Officer, 
Dionysious Wright late of the same Planter, 
Chesley Bostick late of the same Shopkeeper 
Littleberry Bostick late of the same planter 
Leonard Marbury late of the same Rebel Officer, 
John Sharp late of the same planter, 
James Harris late of the same Planter 
Henry Jones late of the same Rebd Colcmcl 
Hugh M*^Gee late of the same Rebel Captain 
John Wilson late of the same Gentleman 
George Wych late of the same Rebel Officer 
William Candler late of the same Rebel Officer 
Zechariah Fenn late of the same Planter, 
William M'^Intosh late of the same Rebel Colonel 
David Brydie late of the Same Surgeon, 
Andrew M'^Lean late of the same Merchant 



356 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Sir Patrick Houstoun late of the same Barronct 

Macartin Campbell late of the same Merchant 

James Gordon late of the same planter, 

John Kell late of the same Gentleman 

John M%ean late of the same planter; 

Josiah McLean late of the same Planter 

John Snider late of the same Planter, 

John Elliott late of the same Rebel Officer, 

Thomas Elliott, late of the same Rebel Officer 

Richard Swinny late of the same Yeoman 

Hugh Middleton late of the same Rebel Officer; 

and also all and every Other person and persons who at 
any time or times before the Passing of this Act, hath or 
have acted in the said Province of Georgia as Members 
of any Council Assembly or Committee, or as a Commis- 
sion of trade, or of forfeited Estates or who have held 
any Commission, or appointment under the said usurpa- 
tion, either in a Civil or Military Capacity, satisfactory 
proof with respect to the persons, not particularly named 
being first made thereof before the Chief Justice, or one 
of the assistant Justices, or before two Justices of the 
peace in the said Province, except such Persons as did 
before the first day of November last past, submit them- 
selves to his Majesty's Government, and take the es- 
tablished Oaths, are, and each and every of them is 
hereby disqualified, rendered and made incapable, to 
exercise, hold or enjoy any Office or place of honor, trust 
or profit, under his Majesty in this your province of 
Georgia and of serving upon Juries therein, in any Case: 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 357 

Whatsoever, and of Voting at Elections, for any Repre- 
sentative, or Representatives, to Sit in General Assem- 
bly in this province and of being chosen to Represent 
any parish or district of this Province, in any General 
Assembly, any Law usage Statute or Custom, to the Con- 
trary in any wise Notwithstanding, Provided always 
Nevertheless, and it shall and May be lawful! to and for 
the Governor or Commander in Chief, of this province 
for the time being at any time or times during the Con- 
tinuance of this Act, by and with the advice and Consent 
of the Honourable the Council of the said province, to 
Remove and take off the disqualification and incapacity 
by this Act imposed in the Whole or in Part, from all 
and every the Persons, herein before named, or any of. 
them, and those herein before designed and intended, or 
any of them, so soon as they or any or either of them, 
shall signalize themselves, in favour of the Peace and 
Welfare of his Majestys said Government in the Prov- 
ince of Georgia aforesaid, or Otherwise discover, them- 
selves deserving such indulgence, to the satisfaction and 
good liking of the said Governor or Commander in Chief 
and Council for the time being as aforesaid, and to Re- 
store them, or any or either of them, to all the advan- 
tages privileges and immunities, they Respectively, en-' 
joy'd before they engaged in the said Rebellion And in 
Order to prevent Rebellion and traitorous attempts in 
time to Come, and the Other Mischeefs Arriseing from 
the possession or Use of Arms, by Lawless, Wicked, and 
disaffected persons, who have submitted, or may submit 
themselves to his Majestys Government and inhabiting 
within this province. Be it further enacted by the Au- 
thority aforesaid, that as well all and every the persons 
before named, and those before designed and intended 
as also all and every other Person and Persons, who have, 
since the first day of November last past or who May 
hereafter, during the Continuance of this act, separate 



368 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

themselves from his Majcstys Subjects, who arc or may 
be in Arms, or m Rebellion against him, in the province 
aforesaid, or elsewhere, and submit to the Government 
of our said Lord the King, and Comply with the other 
Regulations directed by this Act, shall bring in and de- 
liver up, within ten days after being duly summoned, to 
One of the Justices of the Peace, of the Parish or dis- 
trict, wherein such Person shall usually Reside all and 
singular his and their. Arms, Swords Cutlasses pistob, 
and other War like Implements, and Weapons for the 
use of his Majesty his heirs and Successors, to be for- 
warded by every such Justice to the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief for the time being or to such Officer 
as he May think fit to Appoint to Receive the same, to 
be disposed of in such manner, as the said Governor or 
Commander in Chief, shall see fit, to and Amongst such 
of his Majestys Loyal Subjects, as are inrolled, or May 
be inrolled, in the Militia in the said province, and in 
case any of the Persons, herein before Named, and those 
designed and intended as aforesaid or any or either of 
them shall Neglect or Refuse, to bring in and deliver up 
their Arms, within the time Limmitted as aforesaid, or 
shall afterwards have or bear any arms, or Warlike 
Weapons or implements, in any part of the said Prov- 
ince every such person shall forfeit and Pay the Sum of 
twenty five Pounds, Sterling Money of Great Britain, 
for the Offence of not bring^'ng in and delivering up their 
Arms Weapons and implements as aforesaid, and the 
Sum of ten pounds like Money for every time, any such 
Person, shall have or bear any. Warlike Arm, implement 
or weapon whatsoever And to prevent the secreting and 
Keeping back of any Arms swords Cutlasses Pistols or 
Other Warlike Implements or Weapons, or of powder 
ball or other Ammunition, Be it further enacted that it 
shall and may be lawful for any Justice of the Peace of 
this Province, or of any parish or district thereof, on 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 8«9 

Information made on oath by any Creditable Person, or 
from his own Knowledge to issue his warrant under his 
hand and Seal directed to any Constable of his district, 
requiring him to search for such Concealed or retained 
Anns, Weapons, implemei^ or Ammunition, and if any 
such Articles be found (the party having no license or 
permission for the same as herein After mentioned) to 
seize sell and dispose of, forthwith, and after deducting 
the expences of the Warrant, distress and Sale to divide 
the Residue, one half to the Informer or Informers, and 
the Other half to the Constable or Constables, searching 
after and Seizing the same, and in Case the Person or 
Persons who Secreted or retained or advised, or Con- 
cerned himself or themselves, in secreting or Retaining, 
such Arms Weapons, implements or Ammunition, can 
be discovered, the said Justices is directed to bind him 
her or them, in a recognizance, with two sufficient sure- 
ties, to Appear at the next Court of Sessions, and in 
case, he, she or they, shall not give such surety then forth- 
with to Commit, him her or them, to the Common Goal 
in Savannah, there to remain until. he she or they, shall 
find such Surety, or shall be Otherwise discharged by 
due course of Law, and every such Person and Persons, 
so offending is and are hereby Subjected and made liable 
to be indicted for such Offence, as for a Misdemeanor 
and if Convicted to be sentenced by the said Court of 
Sessions, at their discretion, and as May be usual in 
Cases of Misdemeanors provided Nevertheless, that jt 
shall and may be Lkwful to and for the Governor or 
Commander in Chief for the time being, by and with the 
Advice and Consent of his Majestys Honourable Coun- 
cil, at any time or times during the Continuance of this 
Act, to Grant licence and Permission in Writing to any 
of the person or Persons aforesaid to have, retain and 
Keep, in his and their any or either of their possession 
such Arms Ammunition, and Other Warlike Weapons 



360 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

and ioiplements as such Governor or Commander in Chief 
may think sufficient to Guard and Protect him and them, 
or any or either of them, from injury insult, and for 
defence against his and their, and every of their domes- 
ticks, and Against the savages. Any thing herein before 
Contained to the Contrary notwithstanding — 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, 
that all and every the persons herein before named, and 
those designed and intended as aforesaid, and all and 
every other Person and Persons, who since the first day 
of November, have seperated themselves, or shall here- 
after seperate themselves, from his Majesty's Subjects, 
who are in Arms, or in Rebellion Against him, shall 
within ten days after his or their Coming or Arrival 
into any part of this province, repair before some one 
oi his Majestys Justices of the Peace within the same, 
and enter into a bond or Recognizance to our Soveregn 
<■**"> Lord the King his heirs and Successors, with two 
Sufficient Sureties the Principal in One hundred pounds, 
and the Sureties in fifty pounds each of Sterling Money 
of Great Britain, with Condition to be void if the prin- 
cipal shall, for twelve Months thereafter, behave and de- 
mean himself as a Good and Loyal Subject Keep the 
Peace and be of Good beheavour towards his said Maj- 
esty and all his liege Subjects, and shall discountenance 
to the utmost of his Power, all Rebellion, Rebellious 
practices, and treasonable misdemeanors, within this 
Province, and take and Subscribe, together with the state 
Oaths the Oath following Viz* 

I : A : B : do Swear that I will be faithful and bear 
true Allegiance to his Majesty King George the third, 
and I do Solemnly and sincerely declare, that I do be- 
lieve in my Conscience that he is Lawful and Rightful 
King of the Realm of Great Britain and of the Domin- 
ions and Colonies thereunto belonging, that the British 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYING ACT, 1780. 361 

Colonies in America of Right Ought to be Subordinate 
to and dependant upon the Crown of Great Britain, arid 
that the People called the General Continental-Congress 
and all the bodies of Men and individuals exercising 
jurisdiction and Authority under them, are in Rebellion 
Against his Majesty their lawful Sovereign, and I do 
Renounce, and Refuse Obedience to them, and every 
one of them, and will not hold or carry on any Corre- 
spondence, by Writing, Messuage, or Otherwise, with 
any Person or Persons at war with, or in re- 
bellion against his Majesty, without Licence and 
Permission first Obtained, from One of his 
Majestys Governors or Commanders by Sea, or Land, 
and that I will Use my Utmost Endeavours to disclose 
and made known to his Majesty and his Successors, 
or to them in Authority under him or them, all treasons 
and traiterous Conspiracies, which I shall Know to be 
Against the King or any of his Successors and all in- 
vasions which I shall Know or Suspect to be intended 
Against this Province, or any Other of his Majestys 
Dominions and I will faithfully and to the Utmost of 
my Power, enforce Maintain and defend his Majestys 
Government and Authority, in and over all his domin- 
ions, and especially in and Over the British Provinces 
and Plantations in America, and all this I do Swear 
Voluntarily, heartily truly and Sincerely without any 
Equivocation, evasion or Secret Reservation Whatso- 
ever So help My ^•*'"^ God — Which bond or Recognizance 
and Oaths the said Justices Respectively are hereby di- 
rected to take and Administer, and to give a Certificate 
thereof, and in Case any of the said Persons shall Neg- 
lect or Refuse to appear and enter into such bond or 
Recognizance, and take and Subscribe, the said Oaths, 
within the time and Manner above limitted, then every 
such Person Neglecting or Refusing shall be deemed a 
Suspected Person, and shall and May be immediately 



862 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Apprehended by any Justice of the Peace in this Prov- 
ince, and Committed to the Nearest Common Goal, there 
to Remain without Bail or Mainprize, for the space of 
three Months, unless such Person shall in the Mean time, 
Voluntarily Comply with the terms prescribed by this 
Act, Or to serve his Majesty as a Private Soldier for 
and during the Continuance of the Present American: 
Rebellion, and in Case after the Expiration of the said 
three Months imprisonment, any such Person or Per- 
sons, shall decline or Obstinately Refuse to Comply with 
the directions of this Act, and enter into such bond or 
Recognizance, and take and Subscribe the said Oaths, 
then and in such Case, every such Person shall be Sub- 
ject and liable to be impressed and carried into his Maj- 
esty's Sea Service, and is and are hereby disqualified and 
Rendered incapable of ever hereafter becoming a Resi- 
dent of or inhabitant of this province 

And It is Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, 
that the Justices of the Peace of every district and Parish 
of this Province, and also the Constables therein are 
hereby Required from time to time to Make diligent 
Search and inquiry after all and every Person and Per- 
sons, Who are or May Come within their respective dis- 
tricts whether included in this Act or not, and all those 
whom they shall suspect hath or have not Complied with 
the directions of this Act to Summon before him or them 
and unless such Person & Persons shall Produce a Cer- 
tificate that he hath or they have. Complied with this 
Act, then the said Justice is hereby directed to demand 
and take the Bond and Recognizance aforesaid, and that 
being entered into, immediately thereafter, to tender him 
and them the Oaths aforesaid, and in Case he shall de- 
cline Or refuse to appear and give such Bond or Recog- 
nizance, and take and Subscribe the said Oaths, then the 
said Justice is hereby directed forthwith to Commit every 
such Person to the Nearest Common Goal ; who, is here^ 



BRITISH DISQUALIFYINO ACT, 1780. 363 

by Subjected and made liable to the same imprisonment 
and Other {punishments^ restrictions, and disabilities by 
this Act imposed On those deemed Suspected Persons — 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid 
that the fines and forfeitures imposed by this Act shall 
be to his Majesty his heirs and Successors and applied in 
Aid of the General tax, and shall and May be sued for 
and Recovered in the General Court of this Province by 
Action of debt bill Plaint or Information, — 

And Be it Enacted that all summonses mentioned in 
this Act shall be issued by a Judge of the Superior Court 
or by a Justice of the Peace for the district in which the 
delinquent resides, and in Case any Constable shall re- 
fuse or Neglect to receive and execute any Summons or 
Warrant directed by this Act, he shall be liable to the 
same Pains and penalties as for Neglecting or Refusing 
any other lawful Process issued by a Justice of the 
Peace — 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid,, 
that this Act shall be and Continue in force for and dur- 
ing the Term of three Years from the Passing thereof., 
and from thence to the end of the Next Sessession ^'^^'^ 
of the General Assembly and no longer 

Commons House of Assembly 
July I** 1780. 

By Order of the House 

Samuei* Farley Speaker. 

Assented to the first July 1780. 
James Wright. 

By Order of the Upper House 

Lewis Johnston President* 



364 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

(From B. P. R. O,, B. of T., Georgia, Acts Vol. 4, 
No. i/p.) 

AN ACT 

To Attaint of high Treason the Several persons herein 
after Named if they do not render themselves to Jus- 
tice by a Certain day and for other purposes therein 
mentioned — 

Whereas a detestable and unnatural Insurrection and 
Rebellion wer.e Levied and carried on in this province 
(as well as in Several Other of the British Colonies in 
North America, Many of which are still in Rebellion) 
Against your Majesty's Authority and Government, and 
in such Rebellion a Number of your Majesty's Subjects 
and Amongst others the Several Persons herein after 
Named Contrary to their duty and Alliance, were 
Wickedly and Traiterously engaged, who not only Sub- 
verted our happy Establishment, deprived your Majesty's 
Subjects here of their Laws and Liberties, involved them 
in Blood and ruin, and attainted the Persons and Con- 
fiscated the Property of Such of your Majesty's Lo3ral 
Subjects as left this province, on Account of the Rebellion 
or Who refused to Abjure, their Lawful and Gracious 
Sovereign to Whom they had taken the Oaths of Alle- 
giance, and Under whose Mild and just Government, 
this Province before the late Wicked Rebellion Made 
a Most rapid progress to Wealth and population; but 
those bad Men also, after they had Usurped the Powers 
of Government, Ruled their fellow Subjects here in the 
Most Arbitrary and oppressive Manner by imposing enor- 
mous Fines on and also imprisoning those, who Would 
Not take Arms Against your Majesty and by emitting 
immense Sums of Paper Money, which Must have in- 
evitably ruined this Country had not the Reduction of 






BRITISH ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1781. 36& 

it, by your Majesty's forces, put a Stop to the Currency 
of Such Money: And Whereas many who were Con- 
cerned in the said Rebellion, have with the greatest Con- 
fidence and Assurance Returned here, atid behaved in 
such a Manner as if they took Merit to themselves from 
being Rebels, In Order Therefore to Manifest, our just 
abhorrence of So Wicked and unnatural a Rebellion, and 
our Zeal and tender regSLvd for the Preservation of your 
Majesty's Government and the Laws and Liberties of 
your Good Subjects here, and to the End that all Others 
in this province May by the Justice of the Legislature be 
for ever hereafter, deterred from Engaging in Rebellion 
We therefore pray your Most sacred Majesty that it 
May be Enacted — 

And Be it Enacted by his Excellency Sir James 
Wright Baronet Captain General and Governor in Chief, 
in and over this his Majestys province of Georgia by and 
with the Advice and Consent of the Honourable the 
Upper House and the Commons house of Assembly of 
the said province in General Assembly Met, and by the 
Authority of the same, that such of the several persons 
herein after named, who shall not Return into this prov- 
ince, and render themselves to the Chief Justice or One 
of the Assistant Justices of this province On or before 
the Ninth day of October Next ensuing the passing of 
this Act, and also abide their Legal Trial for their Trea- 
son and Offences, then every of them not Rendering 
themselves as aforesaid, or Not Abiding the Trial afore- 
said, shall from and after the said Ninth day of October, 
stand, and be Adjudged Attainted of high Treason to alt 
intents and purposes Whatsoever, That is to say 

Richard How ley late Rebel Governor in this province, 

George Walton, late of the same Rebel Governor, 

Lachhm Mcintosh late of this Province Rebel GeneraL 



366 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Noble Wimberly Jones late Speaker of a Rebel Assembly 
in this Province, 

Lyman Hall Continental Delegate, 

William O'Bryen Rebel Treasurer, 

Jonathan Bryan late Rebel Commissioner of forfeited 
Estates, 

Thomas Stone late Rebel Commissioner of forfeited Es- 
tates, 

Samuel Elbert Rebel General, 

John Baker Senior Rebel Colonel, 

William Baker Senior Rebel Officer, 

Joseph Wood Senior Rebel Assembly Man, 

Oliver Bowen Rebel Commodore, 

Joseph Clay Rebel Paymaster, 

Nathan Brounson Continental delegate, 

John Wereat, Rebel Counsellor, 

John Twiggs Rebel Officer, 

Richard Wylly President of a Rebel Council, 

Edward Telfair Member of Congress, 

Benjamin Few Rebel Officer, 

Pierce Butler Rebel Officer, 

Henry Lawrence late president of the Continental Con- 
gress, ! 



BRITISH ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1781. 367 

Thomas Savage Rebel Officer, 

Stephen Bull Rebel General, 

and also all and every other person formerly resident in 
this province, that held possessed or enjoyed any office or 
Commission cither Civil or Military linder the kebel, 
Usurped Government, of the same, excepting such only 
As have Conformed to the Terms of the Act, Commonly 
Called the disqualifying Act — And shall suflfer and for- 
feit as a person attainted of high Treason by the Laws of 
the Land ought to suffer and forfeit Provided Neverthe- 
less that such of the said persons, above particularly 
named and Who may become attainted for Not Surren- 
dering themselves and abiding their Trial aforesaid, shall 
respectively forfeit to his Majesty his heirs and Suc- 
cessors Subject to the Condition ahd proviso herein after 
Contained all and every their Lands, Tenements, heredit- 
aments, Goods, Chattels, Rights, Credits, and Other real 
and personal Estate of what Nature or Kind soever they 
be in this province, whereof the several persons above 
Mentioned, Who May become attainted respectively were 
or any or either of them was at the time of the Treason 
committed or at any time afterwards or Now are or is 
Seized possessed of, interested in, or intitled unto, in 
Trust for the said Several persons above particularly 
named and who niay become Attainted as aforesaid or 
any or either of them, on which they or any or either of 
them can or may forfeit by such Attainder and the said 
real and personal Estates and other the premisses above 
enumerated or described and hereby declared to be for- 
feited shall be deemed and Adjudged to be Vested, and 
are hereby declared and Adjudged to be Vested, and in 
the Actual and real Possession of his Majesty wnthout 
any Office or Inquisition, thereof to be taken or found 
or any other proofs to be Used for that purpose Subject 
Nevertheless to all Suits and Actions Whatsoever, both 



368 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

at Law arid Equity, and also to all Attachments and 
Other process, and also, all Other just claims and de- 
mands of what Nature or kind so ever of any of his 
Majestys Liege Subjects, Which now are depending in 
his Majestys Courts of Justice, in this province, or which 
shall be commenced and prosecuted, within eighteen Cal- 
ender Months Next after the passing of this Act, as if 
the same had never been made, and the said real and 
personal Estates, and Other the premisses above enu- 
merated or discribed, and hereby declared to be for- 
feited shall Nevertheless be liable to be levied on ex- 
tended and Sold for the payment of all Just debts and 
demands Whatsoever due to any of his Majesty Liege 
Subjects any thing in this Act contained to the Contrary 
thereof in any wise Notwithstanding Provided Always 
and it is hereby declared, that if after any Levy and Sale 
made at the Suit of a Liege Subject by the Acting Pro- 
vost Marshal for the time being or Other proper Officer 
an Overplus shall Remain After deducting the debt dam- 
ages and Costs or the damages and Costs (as the Case 
may be) that shall be Recovered in any action or Suit of 
^'^""^ at the Instance of a Liege Subject, that is now de- 
pending or Which may hereafter be brought within 
Eighteen Calender Months, Next after the Passing of 
this Act, and such Acting Provost Marshal or other 
proper Officer shall have no Other Execution against 
such Lands or Other real or Personal Estate, then he 
^all not pay Over such Overplus Money to the Attainted 
or Banished person who formerly owned such property 
or to any other on his Account, but the said Acting Pro- 
vost Marshal or Other proper Officer shall forthwith pay 
over unto the Treasurer of this province for the Use of 
his Majesty his heirs and Successors the said Overplus 
Money, upon pain that such Acting Provost Marshal or 
Other proper Officer, that shall Neglect or Refuse so to 
do, shall in every Instance of Neglect or Refusal he pro 



BRITISH ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1781. 369 

ceeded Against, as for a Contempt of his Majesty's Gen- 
eral Court and the receipt of the Treasurer, shall in 
every such case be a Sufficient discharge and Indemnity 
to the said Acting Provost Marshal or Other proper 
Officer, for the Sum of Money he shall really and Bona 
Fide pay to the said Treasurer on any Occasion as afore- 
said Provided also further that after pa)rment and dis- 
charge of all Legal Claims and demands that may be 
Made within the time above Limitted, on any of the be- 
fore named persons, who may become Attainted under 
this Act, One third part of the Nett proceeds of the 
Residue of every such persons Real and personal property 
shall be Lodged in the Treasury of this province to the 
Benefit, Use and behoof of their Wives and Children 
severally and respectively to be detained in the said 
Treasury, and Not delivered over, until such Wives and 
Children respectively shall withdraw, themselves from 
places in Rebellion and return to their Allegiance and 
take the Oaths for the security of his Majestys person 
and Government any thing in this Act Contained, or any 
Law Statute Usage or Custom to the Contrary Notwith- 
standing Provided Always that all Monies paid to any 
Married Woman shall be in full satisfaction of all her 
Claims and demands Whatsoever on the real and per- 
sonal Estate from the Sale of which such Monies are 
produced And such Monies shall be to her own Sole and 
Seperate use, and not Subject, or Liable to the Controul 
direction or Management of her Husband, or to his debts 
or Contracts — 

And Be it Enacted that all and every person and 
persons, who Shall harbour and Conceal any or Either 
of the persons Who May become Attainted as aforesaid 
Such person or persons so offending and being thereof 
Lawfully Convicted shall be Adjudged guilty of Felony 
and shall Suffer and forfeit as in cases of Felony with- 
out benefit of Clergy — 

2i r r-Tol 1 



370 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

And Be it Enacted that if any of his Majestys Sub- 
jects of this province except such person as shall be 
Licensed for that purpose by his Majesty his heirs and 
unto his or their Sign, Manual, or by the Governor or 
Commander in Chief of this province for the time being, 
under his hand and Seal, shall hold entertain or keep any 
Intelligence or Correspondence in person or by Letters, 
Messages or Otherwise, with any or either of the per- 
sons herein before named who may be attainted as afore- 
said or with any person or persons Employed by them or 
any or either of them. Knowing such person or persons 
to be so Employed every such person so offending, being 
thereof Lawfully Convicted, shall be adjudged Guilty of 
Felony without Benefit of Clergy. 

And Be it Enacted That all fines penalties and for- 
feitures imposed by this Act Not Otherwise disposed 
of, shall go to his Majesty his Heirs and Successors to 
be applied to the Use of this province and in Aid of the 
General Tax here — 

By Order of the Common House of Assembly 

Sam* Fari^ey Speaker 

Council Chamber 9*^ April 1781. 

Assented to 

Ja: Wright. 

By Order of the Upper House of Assembly. 

Lewis Johnston. 



BRITISH ACT OF ATTAINDER, 1781. 871 

(Prom B. P. R. O., B, of T., Georgia, Acts No. 185,) 

AN ACT 

To Amend an Act, intitled, "An Act to attaint of High 
"Treason, the several Persons therein named, if they 
"do not render themselves to Justice by a Certain Day, 
"and for other Purposes therein after mentioned. — 

Whereas An Act was assented to on the ninth Day 
of April last past entitled, "An Act to attaint of High 
"Treason, the several Persons therein after named, if 
"they do not render themselves to Justice by a certain 
"Day, and for other Purposes therein mentioned" : And 
whereas in and by the same, it is enacted, "that such of 
"the several Persons therein after named, who shall not 
"return into this Province, and render themselves to the 
"Chief Justice, or One of the Assistant Justices of this 
"Province, on or before the ninth Day of October next 
"ensuing the passing of the said Act, and also abide the 
"legal Trial, for their Treason and Offences, then, every 
"of them not rendering themselves as aforesaid, or not 
"abiding the Trial aforesaid, shall from and after the 
"said ninth Day of October, stand and be attainted of 
"High Treason, to all Intents and Purposes whatsoever/' 
And whereas it is judged expedient, that the said Act of 
the General Assembly shall not take Effect, untill His 
Majesty's Royal Pleasure is known therein, and also, that 
the usual Savings of the Rights of Incapable Persons 
should be saved and allowed — 

Be it Therefore Enacted, by his Excellency Sir 
James Wright, Baronet, Captain General, and Governor 
in Chief, in and over this His Majesty's Province of 
Georgia, by and with the Advice and Consent of the 
Honourable the Upper House, and the Commons House 



372 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

of Assembly met, and by the Authority of the same, that 
the aforesaid Act, nor any Part or Clause thereof shall 
be of any Force or Effect, but the same is wholly sus- 
pended, untill His Most Sacred Majesty's Royal Appro- 
bation and Allowance thereof, shall be signified to the 
Governor or Commander in Chief, of this Province, for 
the Time being; And that the several Persons therein 
named and described, and each and every of them, shall 
have three Months to surrender themselves and abide 
their Trial, from the Time of receiving His Majesty's 
Royal Approbation and Allowance of the same; And 
publishing: such Allowance thereof in the Gazette of this 
Province, any Thing in the said herein before recited 
Act to the Contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding 

And Be it Further Enacted, that if any of the Per- 
sons in the aforesaid Act mentioned and described shall 
be Non Compos Mentis, or imprisoned, that such Per- 
son or Persons shall have six Months Time allowed 
them to surrender him or themselves, and take their 
Trial as aforesaid, from the Time of his, or their com- 
ing,-— or being of sound Mind, and Enlargement out of 
Prison, any thing in the aforesaid recited Act, to the 
Contrary thereof, in any wise notwithstanding 

By Order of the Commons House of Assembly. 

Sam* Farley, Speaker 
Council Chamber, 19"* May 1781. 

Assented to 

Ja. Wright. 
By Order of the Upper House of Assembly. 

John Graham Presid^ 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 373 

(From State Archives.) 

AN ACT 

For inflicting Penalties on, and confiscating the estates 
of such persons as are therein declared guilty of 
treason, and for other purposes therein mentioned. — 

Whereas on the first day of March which was in the 
Year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy eight, An Act passed for Attainting certain per- 
sons therein mentioned of Treason, and Confiscating their 
estates, for the use and benefit of this State; which Act 
has not as yet been carried into full execution. And where- 
as it is Necessary that the names of the said persons so 
attainted by the said law should be inserted in a law with 
the names of Various other persons who have since the 
Aforesaid time been Guilty of Treason Against this 
State, and the Authority of the same; by traiterously 
Adhering to the King of Great Britain, and by Aiding, 
Assisting, Abetting and comforting the Generals and 
other officers Civil and Military of the said King to en- 
force his Authority, in and over this State and the Good 
people of the same. And Whereas the said Trea- 
sons have been followed with a series of Murders, rapine, 
and devastation, as cruel as they were unnecessary, 
whereby Order and Justice were banished the land, and 
lawless power established on high exhibited the melan- 
choly picture of Indians inflicting dreadfuU punishment 
on both old and Young of the faithful and peaceable 
Citizens of the State — Women and Children sitting on 
the ruins of their houses perishing by famine and cold, 
whilst others were compelled in the midst of a rigorous 
Season to depart this State being previously plundered of 
both their, and their Childrens Cloathing, and every 
other Necessary that might tend to mitigate the uncom- 



374 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

mon severities exercised on the softer sex and their in- 
nocent babes, nor was this all. Whilst these days of 
blood and British Anarchy continued among us, and 
commanded executions of our Citizens taken in Arms in 
defence of their invaluable rights to take place. — Exe- 
cutions as unauthorised by the laws of Nations as they 
were cruel in themselves, and only to be exceeded if pos- 
sible by the Abandoned profligacy of setting torches to 
temples dedicated to the service of the most high God. 
Whereby they compleated a violation of every right 
human and divine; And Whereas the aforesaid treasons 
and other atrocious crimes justly merit a forfeiture of 
protection and property. 

Be it Enacted by the Representatives of the freemen 
of the State of Georgia in General Assembly met, and 
by the Authority of the same that all and each of the 
following persons. Viz. 

FOR CHATHAM, 
Sir James Wright Baronet, 
John Graham, 
Alexander Wright, 
Lachlan M'Gillivray, 
John Mulryne, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
Basil Cowper, 
William Telfair, 
Alexander M'Goun, 
Thomas Talmash, 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 375 
Samuel Douglas, 
Lewis Johnston Sen', 
Lewis Johnston Jutf, 
William Johnston, 
Thomas Johnston, 
James Johnston, 
Samuel Farley, 
James Alexander, 
Joseph Spencer, 
James Butler, 
John Wood, 
Robert Reid, 
John Storr, 
Thomas Reid, 
George Houston, 

Phillip Delegall Sen' his heirs devisee or Assigns, 
Phillip Delegall Jun', 
David Delegall, 
John Glen, 

John Bond Randolph, 
James Mossm^, 
John Charles Lucena, 



376 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Nathaniel Hall, 

Thomas Gibbons, 

John Fox Jun., 

John Simpson (Sabine fields) 

Mathew Stewart, 

John Sutcliffe, 

Benjamin Farley, 

Thomas Ross, 
* John Joachin Zubly his heirs devisees or Assigns 

David Zubly Jun', 

George Bailey, 

William Wylly, 
' Campbell Wylly, 
■ Thomas Wylly, 
^ Levi Sheftall, 

James Harriott, 

James Graham, 

James Hume, 

John Hume his heirs devisees or Assigns^ 

Thomas Goldsmith, his heirs devisees or Assigns, 

Major James Wright, 

James Robertson, 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 377 

Henry Young Jun', 
X Joseph Farley his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
• John Foulisr 
. Thomas Fleming, 

Alexander Thompson, 

Robert M'^Corfnick his heirs devisees or Assigns, 

Thomas Forbes, 

Col Thomas Brown, 

James Thompson, 

William Jones of Savannah, 

Martin Jolly, 

Donald Frazer, 

Isaac Baillou, 

Doctor John Irvine, 

George Kincaid, 

William Knox, 

John Murray, 

George Cuthbert, 

William M'Gillivray, 

William Stephens, 

Benjamin Willson, 

Peter Deane, 



878 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

George Fox, 

Moses Kirkland, 

John Lightinstone, 

William Liford, 

Andrew Hewitt, 
V Alexander Inglis, 
» James Brisbane, 

William Miller, 

William Moss, 

Phillip Moore, 

V William Panton, 

. Thomas Skinner, 

' John Mulrjme Tattnall, 

^ Charles William M'Kinney his heirs devisees or As- 
signs, 

Alexander Rose, 

Charles Wright Sen', 

' Robert Porteus, 

Jermyn Wright his heirs devisees or Assigns, 

Charles Wright son of Sir James, 

John M'Gillivray, 

, Tim Barnard, 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 379 
^ Isaac Delion, 

Peter Edwards, 
"^ Samuel Langley, 
, Samuel Ealy. 

LIBERTY GLYN AND CAMDEN 
Roger Kellsal,' 
Thomas Young, 
Simon Munto, 
Henry Muhro, - 
James Spalding, 
Robert Bailey, 
Alexander Creighton, 
Roderick M^'Intosh, 
William M^ntosh, Indian Trader, 
Charles M^'Daniel, his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
John McDonald, 
^ Donald M*I>onald, 
Daniel M'Cloud, 
Daniel B. Mlntosh, 

John Pollson his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
William Ross S* Andrews, 
John Wesley, 



380 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

M^Coy of S' Andrews, 

John Shave Jun', 

Richard Shave, 
* Arthur Carney Sen' his heirs- devisees or Assigns, 

Arthur Carney Jun', 
- William DawSon, of Newport ferry, 

Charles Watts Ship Carpenter of Colonels Island, 

Shepherd of Colonels Island, 

James Carson of South Carolina, 

William Clark, 

♦Sir Patrick Houstoun Baronet, 

John Martin Jakill, his heirs devisees or Assigns, 

James Kitchen, 

John William Williams, 
. Reymond Demere Jun', 
. John PrOctor, 

Daniel M^'Girt; 

James M'^Girt, 

George Arohs. 



*It will be observed that Sir Patrick Houstoun, a member of the King's Coun. 
dl in Georgia, was proscribed by both sides. It is not difficult to realise the 
embarrassing and delicate situation in which the sturdy old loyalist found him- 
self . He was one of the King's counsellors in Georgia, while his son, John, was 
one, and a prominent one, of the leaders of the rebellion. Sir Patrick was no 
doubt truly loyal to his King, but at the same time, as the father of a brilliant 
son who was winning laurels on the other side, he could but feel a pride in him, 
and, to a certain extent, sympathize with his cause. Duty made him loyal to the 
King ; natural affection drew him to his son and his son's cause. Recognising 
these facts, each side suspected him, and both sides proscribed him. 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 381 

EFFINGHAM COUNTY 
William Willis; 
Abraham Mincey, 
Henry Cooper Sen', 
Henry Cooper Jun', 
William Cooper, 
Benjamin Lanier, 
John Boyakin, 
Joshua Pierce Jun', 
William Pierce, 
Stephen Pierce, 
Phillip Dill S«i', 
Philip Dill Jun' 

James Dill- his heirs devisees or Assigns 
. John Goldwire, 
James Pace Sen', 
Christopher Frederick Trubnier, 
Stephen Dampier, 

Peter Blythe his heirs devisees or Assigns — 
John Blythe, 
Samuel Cooper, 
George Weekley, 



382 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Wildcrick Gruber, 
Joseph Johnson, 
John John3an, 
William Powell, 
William Love, 
John Love. Burke County. 
John Thomas, 
David Russell, 
Mathew Lyle, 
Robert Miller, 
John Roberson, 
Daniel Howell, 
Alexander Carter, 
Robert Wolsington, 
Willoughby Tucker, 

John M'Cormick his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Paul M'Cormick his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Robert Henderson his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Lud Mobley, 
James Herbert, 

James Moore his heirs devisees or Asigtis, 
Samuel Moore, 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 383 
Joseph Cornals, 
Robert French, 

William Balfour his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Isaac Downing, 
Isaac Eaton, 
Andrew M'Nely, 
James Robertson, 
James Lyle, 
Joseph Marshal, 

John Pigg his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
John Brown, 
Thomas Rutherford, 
Cader Price, 

John Hammitt, • 1 ' 

David Green, 
Philip Helveston, 
William Hammonds, 
George Johnson Sen' 
John Johnson, 
William Corker, 
Edward Corker, 
John Corker, 



384 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Stephen Corker, 
William Mangrum, 
James Dotiglass, 
William Dnrgan, 
James Hunt, 
John Young, 
Robert Tillman, 
William- Young, 

Mathew -Moore his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Henry Sharp his heirs devisees or assigns, 
Jacob Sharp, 
Cordy Sharp, 
William M^'Natt, 
Samuel Montgomery, 
Thomas Lamb, 
Edward Pilch^r, 
Benjamin' Brantley, 
Henry Overstreet, 
Elias Borinell, 
William Brown, 
Augustus Underwood, 
Absalam Wells, 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 3«6 
John Ferguson, 

• William Reid, 
Thomas Beatty. 

WILKES COUNTY. 
Thomas Waters, 
Henry Williams, 
' John Douglass, 
William White, 
Samud Williams, 
John O Neal, 
Avington Perkins, 
Daniel Phillips, 

* James Gordati, 
Abraham Wilkins, 
Samuel Wilkins, 
Jonathan Wilkins, 
Luke Bynai^, 
William Tidwell, 

Reuben Sherrell his heirs devisees or Assigns, 

James Gordon 

» I f-vol 1 



S86 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

RICHMOND COUNTY. 
Col James Grierson his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Andrew Moore his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
John Howard, his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
William Manson, 
James Ingram, 
Edward Ashton, 
James Seymore, 
Martin Weatherford, 
James Weatherford, 
John Henderson, 
John Weatherford, 
George Phillips, 
yVlexander McLean, 

Benjamin Howard, his heirs devisees or Assigns, 
Thomas Howard, his heirs devisees or assigns, 
Andrew Roberson, 
Daniel Cameron, 
John Jamison, 
William Oats, 
Thomas Scott, 
Richard Bailey, 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENr, 1782. 387 

John Corpmger, 

Thomas Manson, 

Jacob Watson, 

Doctor Andrew Johnson, 

Charles Weatherford, 

John Furlow, 

James Jackson of Augusta Merchant, 

WilHam Johnson, 

Doctor Francis Folliott, 

Doctor Thomas Taylor, 

•' Simon Patterson, 

Thomas Polhill, 

Nathaniel Polhill his heirs devisees or Assigns, 

John Maxwell, 

Solomon Kemp. 

Be, and they are hereby declared to be banished from 
this State forever; and if any of the aforesaid persons 
shall remain in this State sixty days after the passing of 
this Act, or shall return to this State, the Governor 
or Commander in Chief for the time being is hereby 
Authorized and required to cause all the persons so re- 
maining or returning to this State to be apprehended 
and committed to Goal, there to remain without bail or 
Mainprize until a Convenient Opportunity shall offer for 
transporting the said person or persons beyond the Seas 
to some part of the British Kings dominions, which the 



388 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Governor or Commander in Chief for the time being 
is hereby required to do, and if any of the said persons 
shall return to this State after such transportation then 
and in such Case he or they shall be adjudged and they 
are hereby declared to be guilty of felony and shall on 
Conviction of their having so returned as aforesaid suffer 
death without benefit of Clergy. — 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all and Singular the Estate real anJ 
personal of each and every of the aforesaid per- 
sons, which they held possessed, or were en- 
titled to in Law or Equity On the nineteenth 
day of April one thousand seven hundred and seventy 
five, or which they have held since, or do hold in posses- 
sion, or others hold in trust for them, or to which they 
are or may be entitled to in law or equity, or which they 
may have held, or be possessed of in right of others, to- 
gether with all debts, dues and demands of whatever 
Nature, that are or may be owing to the aforesaid per- 
sons, or either or them, be confiscated to and for the use 
and benefit of this State, and the monies Arising from 
the sales which shall take place by virtue of and in pur- 
suance of this Act to be Applied to such Uses and pur- 
poses as the Legislature shall hereafter direct. 

And Whereas divers other persons Citizens of this 
State, and owing Allegiance thereto (whose names are 
not herein recited) did in Violation of the said Allegiance 
traiterously Assist abet and Participate in the aforesaid 
treasonable Practices. — 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all and every the person or Persons under this 
description shall on full proof and Conviction of the 
same in a Court of Law, be liable and subjected to, and 
they are hereby declared liable and subjected to all the 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 889 

like pains penalties and forfeitures inflicted by this Act, 
on those Offenders, whose names are particularly Men- 
tioned therein. — 

And Whereas there are divers Estates and other 
property within this State belonging to persons who have 
been declared Guilty, or Convicted in one or other of 
the United States of Offences, which have induced a 
confiscation of their Estates, or Property within the 
State of which they were Citizens. — 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all and singular the Estates both real and per- 
sonal of persons under this description of whatsoever 
kind or Nature together with all rights or titles which 
they may, do or shall hold in law or equity, or otherwise 
in trust for them. And Also, all the debts dues and 
demands (except debts and demands due or owing to 
British Merchants or others residing in Great Britain, 
which shall be Appropriated as herein after mentioned) 
Owing or Accruing to them, be Confiscated to and for 
the use and benefit of this State, in like Manner and form 
of forfeiture as they were subjected to in the States of 
which they respectively were Citizens of, — and the 
monies arising from the sales which shall take place by 
virtue of and in pursuance of this Act to be applied to 
such uses and purposes as the Legislature shall hereafter 
direct. — 

And Be it Further Enacted that all debts dues or 
demands due or Owing to Merchants or others residing 
in Great Britain be and they are hereby Sequestered, and 
the Commissioners Appointed by this Act, or a Majority of 
them are hereby empowered to recover, receive, and de- 
posit the same in the Treasury of this State in the same 
manner and under the same regulations as debts Confis- 
cated there to remain for the Use of this State, imtill 
otherwise Appropriated by this or any future house of 
Assembly. 



390 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

And Whereas there are various Persons Subjects of 
the King of Great Britain Possessed of, or entitled to es- 
tates Real and Personal which Justice and sound policy- 
require should be ai>plied to the benefit of this State. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said, that all and Singular the Estates Real and Personal 
belonging to Persons being british subjects of whatever 
kind or Nature they may be Possessed of (except as be- 
fore excepted) or others in trust for them, or that they 
Are or may be intitled to in law or equity, and also all 
debts dues or demands owing or Accruing to them beCon- 
fiscated to and for the use and benefit of this State, and 
the Monies arising from the sales which shall take place 
by Virtue of and in Pursuance of this Act, to be Applied 
to such uses and purposes as the Legislature shall here- 
after direct. — 

And Whereas Several fraudulent Sales, Grants, de- 
vises, transfers, bargains, exchanges, or other titles and 
conveyances may have been made by some or other of the 
aforesaid persons heretofore with intent to defraud the 
State, and to commit treason against the same with im- 
punity. — 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said, that every Sale, Grant, devise, transfer, bargain, ex- 
change, or other title or Conveyance, which has been 
made or executed by any of the aforesaid persons Or by 
his or their Attorney or Attorneys, Agent or Agents 
since and after the Nineteenth day of April which was 
in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and seventy five, shall be deemed and held null and Void 
to all intents and purposes whatsoever. — 

And Whereas there are several Just claims and de- 
piands which may be made by the good and faithful Cit- 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 391 

izens of this State, or others of the United States, Against 
the Estates of persons Confiscated by this Act. — 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that any person or persons wdl affected to the In- 
dependency of the 'United States having debts owing 
to them, from the persons named or described in this Act^ 
or who have any other Just claim or claims in law or 
equity against Any of the said Confiscated Estates, that 
every such person or persons, shall bring his or their 
Claim, or enter his or their Action within the space of 
twelve Months from the passing of this Act, or in default 
thereof he or they shall be forever debarred of deriving 
aiiy benefit from the same. 

And Be it Further Enacted that all persons having 
claims or demands against any of the Confiscated Es- 
tates be at his or their option to lay a state and proofs 
of the said demands before the said Commissioners or a 
Majority of them, on or before the fourth day of May 
next, and the said Commissioners or a Majority of th^m 
are hereby empowered and required to examine into the 
Justice and Validity of the said demands, and make a 
Report thereof to the General Assembly at their next 
meeting, after the said fourth day of May next, to the 
end that the Legislature may direct with respect to such 
Creditors what to justice shall appertain. And if the 
said Legislature shall not liquidate the said demands^ 
Agreeable to the Claimant, such claimant shall have an 
Action Against the said Commissioners or a Majority 
of them, and the Amount of Sales of the Estates of the 
persons Mentioned in this Act shall be respectively liable 
to satisfy the said demands and all other Creditors ex- 
cept those who are unfriendly to American Independeribe, 
and where any Claimant shall so chuse, he or they shall 
have recourse to his or their Action at law. And if 
a Verdict of the Court where the same shall be tried 



392 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

shall pass for him or them, then on certifying the same 
to his Honor the Governor or Commander in Chief for 
the time being, his honor the Governor or Commander 
in Chief for the time being, shall issue a certificate for 
the sum verified by the Verdict to every such Claimant, 
which Certificate shall be made payable, and to be paid 
in twelve months after date thereof with Interest for the 
same, at the rate of seven pounds Per Cent Yearly, and 
shall be admitted and received in payment in every pur- 
chase which such person or persons may make at the 
sales of the forfeited Estates at the expiration of the said 
twelve Months: Provided Always that the Judges of 
the Superior Courts in the respective Counties be em- 
powered and Authorized to proceed in a summary 
Manner to determine in cases where the Cause of Action 
shall not exceed fifteen pounds: And to the end that 
this Act may be carried into eflfectual execution for the 
benefit of this State. 

Be it Further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid, 
That there be a board of Commissioners Appointed by 
ballot of this house, to Consist of two persons out of 
each of the Counties within this State, except Glyn and 
Camden, for which there shall be one chosen which said 
Commissioners or a Majority of the said thirteen Com- 
missioners so Chosen, shall be and they are hereby 
empowered. Authorized and required to take into their 
custody and care all and every the Estates real and per- 
sonal which are confiscated by this Act; and they are 
hereby empowered and Authorized to do all Acts And 
things, which are Necessary for carrying the same into 
execution. — 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the said Commissioners or a Majority 
of them be empowered and required and they are hereby 
empowered and required to proceed to, and begin the 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 393 

sales of the said forfeited Estates both real and personal 
in forty days from and after the passing of this Act on 
the following terms and Conditions to wit, Seven Years 
Credit to be given to purchasers of the landed or other 
Real Estates ; and four Years credit to be given to pur- 
chasers of the personal Estates; That the said sales be 
public, and held on or between the hours of Ten O Clock 
in the forenoon and three in the afternoon, with Power 
of Adjournment from day to day or otherwise, in such 
place or places as the said Commissioners or a Majority 
of them shall Judge most Convenient, That the said Com- 
missioners or a Majority of them do and shall issue thirty 
days Notice previous to the Commencement of the said 
sales, and that the highest bidder, be deemed and con- 
sidered a purchaser. That the said Commissioners or a 
Majority of them, shall take a personal obligation from 
every purchaser of any part or parts of the real or landed 
Estates, with a Mortgage of the same; for the payment 
of the purchase money at the time appointed by this Act, 
together with sufficient security for the payment of Inter- 
est Annually at the rate of seven pounds Per Cent Per 
Annum, which payment of principal and Interest shall 
be rendered in Mexican dollars or other Monies in Gold 
or Silver. That the said Commissioners or a Majority 
of them shall take the bonds in the name of his honor 
the Governor or Commander in Chief of the State for the 
time being and his successor in office ; and that the said 
Commissioners or a Majority of them be fully empow- 
ered And Authorized, and they are hereby empowered 
Authorized and Required to execute sufficient titles and 
Conveyances for vesting the Estates Real and personal 
in the persons who shall respectively purchase the same, 
their heirs Executors, Administrators or Assigns re- 
si>ectively for the terms for which they were sold. That 
the said Commissioners respectively, shall previous to 
their entering into the execution of their Office, give Se- 
curity to the Amount of three thousand pounds specie 



394 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

to his honor the Governor or Commander in Chief of the 
State for the time being And take the following Oath of 
Office. I. A. B. do solemnly Swear that I will deligently, 
truly, and impartially execute the duty of a Commissioner 
for the sale of the forfeited estates, Agreeable to the 
directions of the Act, for the benefit of this State. So 
help me God 

And Whereas notwithstanding the Scenes of Cruelty 
and distress which the Wives and Children of Numbers 
of the good and faithful Citizens of this State imder 
went humanity dictates that a reasonable support and 
Maintenance should be allowed to the Families that may 
have remained among us belonging to persons whose es- 
tates are Confiscated by this Act. -^ 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the said Commissioners or a Majority of them 
be hereby empowered and authorized, and they are hereby 
authorized and required to grant a reasonable and tem- 
porary maintenance to. the families of such persons as 
are banished by this Act untill the Legislature shall here- 
after direct or order a fixed Support for the said fam- 
ilies. — 

And Whereas it is necessary for the public benefit 
that all embezzlements, removals, or concealments of 
the forfeited Estates should be prevented. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that any person or persons who shall from and after 
the passing of this Act, wilfully or intentionally Conceal 
or embezzle any part or parts of the personal property 
Confiscated by this Act, from the Commissioners ap- 
pointed by this Act for talcing the same into their Cus- 
tody or Care or who shall Convert the same to their own 
use and behoof with intent to defraud the State, and pre- 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. 39& 

vent the Commissioners from selling or otherwise di^)os- 
ing of the same, that all and every person or persons so 
offending as aforesaid shall be guilty of felony and on 
Conviction thereof shall suffer death. — 

And Whereas doubts may arise whether the Inhabi- 
tants of this State who Possess no Grants for the lands 
formerly purchased of the British Commissioners in 
Wilkes County, commonly called and known by the name 
of the ceded lands are enabled to give landed security 
where the same is required by this Act. — 

Be it ' Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the said inhabitants are and they are hereby 
declared capable of offering and giving such ungranted 
lands as security to the Commissioners for the sales of 
the forfeited Estates in every of these cases where se- 
curity is required by this Act. 

And Whereas from the irruption of the Enemy and 
the devastation which followed, various of the good peo- 
ple of the State may have lost their Grants or titles to 
their lands. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that all and every person under this description and 
who are publickly known to be possessed of the lands the 
titles or grants of which are so lost or destroyed, shall 
be capable of Giving such lands in Security, And such 
security shall be received in all and every of those cases 
where landed Security is required by this Act. 

And Whereas several sales of Real Estates, forfeited 
and Confiscated by the Act of Attainder and Confisca- 
tion which was passed on or about the first day of March, 
one thousand seven hundred and seventy eight, took 
place, the terms of which sales were not complied with* 



396 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said, that all and every sale of any part or parts of the 
said real Estates, the ternis of which were not strictly 
complied with, and fulfilled on the part of the purchaser 
or purchasers, in the manner and form prescribed and 
required in the Rules and Regulations for selling the 
said real Estates, be deemed and held null and Void, and 
such sale or sales are hereby declared to be null and 
Void to all intents and purposes whatsoever. And the 
Commissioners Appointed by this Act, are empowered 
and required to take the said Real Estates into their 
Custody and care, and to be subjected to sale under the 
Power and Authority of this Act. — 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the said Commissioners or a Majority of them 
be empowered and required, and they are hereby empow- 
ered and required to proceed to the sales of the forfeited 
real Estates, which have been settled heretofore, or 
which by public notoriety, are known or Generally imder- 
stood to contain a Certain or supposed Number of Acres, 
under the description, which the said Lott, Plantation, 
or tract of Land, Island or Islands as the case may be. 
Generally bears : And also to the sales of all such other 
unsettled Real Estates as the said Commissioners or a 
Majority of them can receive a well informed knowledge 
of from wise and faithful Citizens who are or may be 
Acquainted with such unsettled tracts of land. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said, that the State will and do Guarantee and defend the 
Commissioners appointed by this Act or a Majority of 
them in all their proceedings for Carrying the Powers 
and Authority given them by the same into full effect; 
and will also warrant and forever defend all and every 
sale or sales which the said Commissioners or a Majority 
of them shall make to any purchaser or purchasers of 



CONFISCATION.— BANISHMENT, 1782. a97 

any part or parts of the Real and personal Estates Con- 
fiscated by this Act. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the said Commissioners be allowed a Commis- 
sion of one and a half Per Cait on all sales of the real 
and personal Estates; besides all Reasonable and Just 
expences incurred in carrying this Act in Execution. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the Commissioners shall and they are 
hereby required from time to time, once in two months 
make Out returns of all their proceedings, and deliver 
the same to his Honor the Governor or Commander in 
Chief for the time being, with the Inventories of the 
different Estates; and all such Account of Sales as may 
be finished, and also ali bonds and Securities and sums 
of Money Received by them. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that this Act shall be a public one, And Judi- 
cially taken notice of as such; and that the same, shall 
have the most full, liberal and General Construction for 
the purpose of carrying the same into execution, in the 
most beneficial Manner; and if the said Commissioners 
or any of them be impleaded or sued, or any person 
Acting under their Authority for any matter or thing 
done by Virtue of this Act, they, or he may plead the 
General issue, and give this Act and the special Matter 
in evidence and on Verdict or Judgment against the 
Plaintiff, or on his non suit, or discontinuance, the per- 
son or persons so sued shall recover treble Costs. 

Signed by Order of the House 

State of Georgia 1 Samuei. Sawus 

Augusta y 

May 4*** 1782. J Speaker of the General Assembljr 



«9» REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

On the 29th of December, 1778, seven days before the 
expiration of the term for which Governor Houstoun had 
been elected, the British captured Savannah and the state 
government was dispersed, and for many months a con- 
dition of anarchy prevailed in Georgia, no department 
of the government being in the discharge of its constitu- 
tional functions. None of our historians have ever made 
it clear how this condition was brought about. McCall, 
our first historian, falls into palpable error. He says, 
■"after the metropolis of the state had fallen into the 
hands of the enemy, the legislature had dispersed without 
appointing a Governor for the succeeding year," thus 
conveying the idea that the legislature was in session 
when the attack was made, whereas it was not in session, 
and had nc^t been for a month at least. The constitution 
provided that "it shall be an unalterable rule that the 
House of Assembly shall expire and be at an end yearly, 
and every year, on the day preceding the day of election 
mentioned" (in the constitution). The day mentioned 
in the constitution on which members of the legislature 
must be elected "yearly and every year" was the first 
Tuesday in December. The term of the legislature of 
1778, Governor Houstoun's legislature, therefore expired 
and was at an end "on the day before" the first Tuesday 
in December, 1778. It therefore could not have been in 
session when Savannah was attacked, for its term of serv- 
ice had expired. Its successor, the legislature for 1779, 
"had been elected, but the constitution provided that "the 
representatives shall meet on the first Tuesday in January 
following" their election. Hence this legislature, the leg- 
islature chosen in December, 1778, could not meet in 
regular session and organize until the fixst Tuesday in 
January, 1779. It is tnie that the constitution provided 
that "the Governor, with the advice of the Executive 
Council shall have power to call the House of Assembly 
together in any emergency," and if an emergency had 



WITHOUT ORGANIZED GOVERiNMENT. 399 

arisen he would have called the members elected for 
I779» not the old legislature of 1778, for its term had 
expired. But there is no evidence that either was called, 
and it is therefore almost a certainty that no legislature 
was in session at the time Savannah was attacked and 
captured. 

Bishop Stevens, in Tiis excellent history of Georgia, did 
not attempt to account for the anomalous condition, but 
says there existed "a confusion in civil affairs which the 
historian with his present imperfect materials cannot 
fully unravel" ; while Colonel Jones does not attempt to 
elucidate the subject, but passes it over without com- 
ment. 

The real causes of this period of anarchy were these: 
under the Constitution of 1777, ^^^ Governor was elected 
by the legislature for a period of one year, and in his 
oath of office he was required to swear that *'I 
will peaceably and quietly resign the government 
to which I have been elected at the period to 
which my continuance in said office is limited 
by the constitution." The President of the Execu- 
utive Council, upon whom alone the executive duties de- 
volved in case of a vacancy in the office of Governor, was 
also elected at the same time for one year and took the 
same oath as the Governor; consequently each of these 
officers went out of office at the expiration of one year 
from the date of his election, there being no provision in 
the constitution for their holding over till their successors 
were elected, this provision never having been incorpo- 
rated in the organic law until 1798. Thus the office of 
Governor became vacant, and there was no legislature in 
session to fill the vacancy. An election for members of 
a legislature to convene in Savannah on the first Tuesday 
in January, 1779, had been held on the first Tuesday in 



400 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

December, 1778; but seven days before it would have 
met and elected Governor Houstoun's successor the city 
vy^as captured by the enemy, and it was therefore impossi- 
ble for it to meet there. When Savannah was menaced 
by the British in December, 1778, the House of Assem- 
bly, in which alone the power to remove the seat of gov- 
ernment was lodged, not being in session, Governor Hous- 
toun's Executive Council, a few days before the expira- 
tion of their term, assumed the responsibility of ordering 
the temporary removal to Augusta, but the British com- 
mander pushed a column of soldiers to that place and oc- 
cupied it before the government could be established there. 

Repeated efforts were made to convene the legislature, 
elected the preceding December, to elect a Governor and 
reorganize the state government, but it was impossible to 
secure the attendance of a quorum, the members elected 
being scattered^ some refugees in other states, some within 
the enemy's lines and some, but not enough to make a 
quorum, in that part of the state still held by the patriots. 

Thus, when Savannah fell, Georgia was left without a 
Governor, without a legislature, without an Executive 
Council, and without even a temporary seat of govern- 
ment. The last meeting of Governor Houstoun and his 
Council, as appears from their book of minutes still pre- 
served and printed in Volume II of our compilation of 
Revolutionary Records, was held in Savannah on the 26th 
of December, 1778. Immediately following this minute, 
on the same page, is the following entry in the hand- 
writing of their Secretary : — 

"The town of Savannah being taken by the British on 
the 28th of December put a final end to public business of 
a civil nature." This was the end of Governor Hous- 
toun's administration and of organized government in 
Georgia for a long period of time, but not of the efforts 



WITHOUT ORGANIZED GOVERNMENT. 401 

of the patriotic men who had been elected to the legisla- 
ture for the year 1779, but who had not organized before 
the fall of Savannah, and could not have organized, under 
the terms of the constitution, had the town not been taken, 
before the first Tuesday in January, 1779, the day fixed 
in the constitution for the regular annual meetings of 
the legislature and the election of a governor. Immedi- 
ately after the fall of Savannah, Augusta having been 
designated by the Executive Council as the temporary seat 
of government, some of the members elect attempted 
to convene the legislature there for the purpose of elect- 
ing a Governor and reorganizing their state government, 
and to this end repaired at once to that place, arriving 
there in advance of the British troops sent by Colonel 
Campbell, British commander at * Savannah, to occupy 
the town. 

Immediately following the last entry in the book of the 
Minutes of Governor Houstoun's Council, quoted above, 
is this entry : — 

"The members chosen on the 7th of this instant by 
the Honorable House of Assembly for a Council of this 
State, met at the house of Matthew Hobson, in Augusta, 
and proceeded to the choice of a President and adjourned 
till the meeting of the next convention." 

It will be observed that the name of the President 
elected is not given, and we are left to conjecture as to 
who was chosen. The next entry in the book is as fol- 
lows : — 

"Georgia. January 9th, 1779. 

Agreeable to resolve of the Convention of the Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Georgia in Assembly met, which 
resolve is as follows, viz — 

36 r r— Tol 1 



.402 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Resolved^ that the members chosen for a Council, cr 
a majority thereof, act as a committee, empowered by this 
convention to recommend every thing they may deem 
expedient in the place of a Council for this State, until 
the convention meet again to clothe them with power to 
act as an Executive Council." 

These entries clearly show that everything that was 
done by the patriots, struggling to maintain the semblance 
of a state government, was irregular. **The Honorable 
House of Assembly" which on the 7th of January nomi- 
nated an Executive Council, was not a legal legislature, 
but a mere irregular assemblage of a minority of the 
members elected in the preceding December. Had the as- 
semblage constituted a majority of the members elect, 
they would have at once organized in due form by elect- 
ing a Speaker and have chosen a Governor to succeed 
Governor Houstoun. But they did not do this. They 
were not in fact a legislature, but only a minority of the 
members elected to the legislature. Realizing this they 
did not assume to be a legislature, but called tliemselves 
a "convention" and as such, having before them a list of 
the names of all the persons who had been elected to this 
legislature, those absent as well as those present, they 
nominated from the list before them the requisite number 
to constitute an Executive Council, but while the number 
thus nominated to be an Executive Council was sufficient, 
and while all of them were probably present, they were 
not called an Executive Council, but a "Committee," be- 
cause the body which nominated them, being a mere mi- 
nority of the House of Assembly, was not competent to 
select an Executive Council. Hence the body naming 
them was not called a "House of Assembly" but a "Con- 
vention," and the body named was called a "Committee," 
not an Executive Council. 

Finally, on the 27th of July, 1779, about twenty-five 




WITHOUT ORGANIZED GOVERNMENT. 403 

members of the legislature, elected in the preceding De- 
cember, met in Augusta, the British having previously 
evacuated that place, and in conjunction with a number 
of leading patriots, not members, formed a convention 
which, to avoid further continuance of the anarchy which 
prevailed^ adopted, signed and promulgated the following 
document appointing a body of nine persons of the high- 
est character for patriotism and integrity, all members- 
elect to the legislature, to act as a "Supreme Executive 
Council," clothing them with all the powers conferred 
by the constitution on the Executive Department, and ad- 
monishing them to adhere strictly to the spirit of the 
constitution. 

"State of Georgia, Richmond County. 

"Whereas, from the invasion of the British forces in 
this State great evils have arisen and still exist to disturb 
the civil government of the said State, and which, in a 
great measure, have prevented the Constitution of the 
land from being carried into such full effect as to answer 
the purposes of government therein pointed out: And 
whereas^ it becomes incumbent and indispensably necessa- 
ry at this juncture to adopt such temporary mode as may 
be most conducive to the welfare, happiness, and security 
of the rights and privileges of the good people of the said 
State, -and the maintenance and existence of legal and ef- 
fective authority in the same as far as the exigence of 
affairs requires, until a time of less disquiet shall happen 
and the Constitution take its regular course ; to the end 
therefore that government may prevail and be acknowl- 
edged, to prevent as far as may be anarchy and confusion 
from continuing among us, and fully to support the laws 
of the land derived under the Constitution thereof : We 
therefore, the representatives of the people of the Coim- 
ties of Wilkes, Richmond, Burke, Effingham, Chatham, 



404 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Liberty, Glynn, Camden, and other freemen of the State, 
having convened and met in the County of Richmond in 
the State aforesaid for the purposes of considering the 
present disturbed situation of the State, and for applying 
as far as is in our power some remedy thereto, and having 
maturely and seriously considered the same, do recommend 
that the following persons be appointed by the good peo- 
ple of this State to exercise the supreme authority thereof, 
who shall, before they enter on the execution of their 
office, take the following oath, viz: I, A. B., elected one 
of the Supreme Executive Council of the State of Geor- 
gia, do solemnly swear that I will, during the term of my 
appointment, to the best of my skill and judgment, ex- 
ecute the said office faithfully and conscientiously^ without 
favor, affection, or partiality; that I will, to the utmost 
of my power, support, maintain, and defend the State 
of Georgia, and use my utmost endeavors to support the 
people thereof in the secure enjoyment of their just rights 
and privileges; and that I will, to the best of my judg- 
ment, execute justice and mercy in all judgments: so 
help me God. 

"And we, and each of us, on our parts, as free citizens 
of the State of Georgia aforesaid, do for ourselves nomi- 
nate, authorize, empower and require you, John Wereat, 
Joseph Clay, Joseph Habersham, Humphrey Wells, Wil- 
liam Few, John Dooly, Seth John Cuthbert, William Gib- 
bons, senior, and Myrick Davies, Esquires, or a majority 
of you, to act as the Executive Supreme Council of this 
State : and to execute from Tuesday, the twenty-seventh 
instant, to the first Tuesday in January next, unless 
sooner revoked by a majority of the freemen of this 
State, every such power as you, the said John Wereat, 
Joseph Clay, Joseph Habersham, Humphrey Wells, Wil- 
liam Few, John Dooly^ Seth John Cuthbert, William Gib- 
bons, senior and Myrick Davies, Esquires, or a majority 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 406 

of you shall deem necessary for the safety and defence 
of the State and the good citizens thereof ; taking care in 
all )^ur proceedings to keep as near the spirit and mean- 
ing of the Constitution of the said State as may be. 

"And you the said John Wereat, Joseph Clay, Joseph 
Habersham, Humphrey Wells, William Few, John Dooly, 
Seth John Cuthbert, William Gibbons, senior, and Myrick 
Davies, Esquires, or a majority of you, hereby have full 
power and authority, and are authorized, empowered, 
and required, to elect fit and discrete persons to repre- 
sent this State in Congress, and to instruct the delegates 
so chosen in such matters and things as will tend to the 
interest of this State in particular, and the United States' 
of America in general: the said delegates taking care, 
from time to time, to transmit to you, the said Council, 
or other authority of the State for the time being, an ac- 
count of their proceedings in Congress aforesaid : to regu- 
late the public treasury of the said State, to borrow or 
otherwise negotiate loans for the public safety : to regu- 
late the militia, and appoint an officer, if necessary, to 
command: to appoint, suspend, and discharge all civil 
officers if it shall be found expedient ; to demand an ac- 
count of all expenditures of public money, and to regulate 
the same, and, where necessary, order payments of 
money : to adopt some mode respecting the current money 
of this State, and for sinking the same: to direct and 
commission the Chief Justice of the State, or assistant 
Justices, or other Justices of the Peace, and other officers 
of each County: to convene courts for the trial of of- 
fences cognizable by the laws of the land in such place 
or places as you shall think fit : always taking care that 
trial by jury be preserved inviolate, and that the proceed- 
ings had before such courts be in a summary way so that 
oflfenders be brought to a speedy trial and justice be amply 
done as well to the State as to the individuals. 



40« REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

"You, or a majority of you, the said council, have full 
power and hereby are requested, on conviction of offend- 
ers, to order punishment to be inflicted extending to death; 
and when objects deserving mercy shall be made known 
to you, to extend that mercy and pardon the offence, remit 
all fineSj mitigate corporal punishments, as the case may 
be, and as to you or a majority of you shall seem fit and 
necessary. And you, the said Council or a majority of 
you, at all times and places when and where j^u shall 
think fit, have hereby full power and competent authority 
to meet, appoint your own President, settle your own 
rules, sit, consult, deliberate, advise, direct, and carry in 
execution all and every act, special and general, hereby 
delegated to you, and all and every such other acts, meas- 
ures, and things as you or a majority of you shall find 
expedient and necessary for the welfare, safety, and hap- 
piness of the freemen of this State. 

"And in case any of the persons herein appointed to 
exercise the supreme authority as aforesaid shall refuse 
to act, die, or depart this State, or shall by any other 
means be prevented from exercising the same, then, and 
in such case, you the said Council hereby chosen, or a 
majority of you, shall, and you are hereby authorized, 
empowered, and required to fill up such vacancies bv 
choosing fit and discrete persons or person to act in their 
or his room and stead, which person or persons so chosen 
is or are hereby invested with every power and authority 
in as full and ample manner as if they had been appointed 
by this present instrument of writing. 

"And we do hereby declare all officers, civil and milita- 
ry, and all persons, inhabitants of this State, subject to 
and answerable to your authority, and will ratify and con- 
firm whatever you may do for or concerning the public 
weal, according to the best of your judgment, knowledge, 
and ability. And further, we do hereby promise you our 
support, protection, and countenance. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 407 

"In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands 
this twenty-fourth day of July in the year of our Lord 

1779." 

The Supreme Executive Council elected John Wereat 
President of the body, and he at once assumed the duties 
of Governor and discharged these duties as best he could 
under the unfavorable circumstances which surrounded 
him. Among other things he issued the following procla- 
mation : 

"Augusta, in the State of Georgia, 

November 4, 1779. 

"Whereas, from the invasion of the State by the enemy, 
in December last, the absence of many of the members 
elected to represent the different counties in the House or 
Representatives for the present year, with unavoidable 
causes, several ineffectual attempts have been made to 
convene a Legal House of Representatives : and whereas, 
it is essential to the welfare and happiness of the State 
that a Legal and Constitutional House of Assembly should 
be convened: We, therefore, earnestly recommend to 
such of the citizens of this State as have preserved their 
fidelity to the cause of America, and were inhabitants of 
the counties of Chatham, Liberty, Glynn, Camden, and 
Eflfingham prior to the reduction of these counties by the 
British forces, to repair to such place within this State 
as to them shall appear most safe and convenient, on the 
first Tuesday in December next, that being the day ap- 
pointed by the Constitution for a general election through- 
out the State, in order to elect persons to represent those 
counties in the General Assembly for the ensuing year, 
that a full, free, and equal representation may be had to 
proceed on business of the utmost importance to the com- 
munity ; and it is the opinion of this Board, that this town 
would be the most eligible, in the present situation of 



408 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

affairs, for the meeting of the Assembly, which will be 
the first Tuesday in January next, agreeable to the Con- 
stitution of the State. 

John WerEat, President." 
"By order of the Board." 

In the meantime George Walton, George Wells, Rich- 
ard Howley, and their partisan friends, violently assailed 
the Supreme Executive Council, charging that they were 
usurpers and that at least some of them were disloyal and 
in sympathy with the Tories, and, finally, by a bold stroke 
of usurpation^ held impromptu elections in Augusta in 
which refugees from the lower counties, and many others, 
voted and elected members to an unconstitutional body 
which they called a legislature, all the partisan friends of 
Walton, Howley and Wells. These men, together with 
a few members elected at the December election who had 
not participated in the convention that appointed the Su- 
preme Executive Council, at once assembled at Augusta, 
organized by electing William Glasscock, Speaker, and 
on the 4th of November elected Walton Governor and 
appointed from their own body an Executive Council. 
Thus there were, for the remainder of the year 1779, two 
Executive Councils and two persons, Walton and Wereat, 
exercising the executive powers at the same time. Wereat 
and those who elected him their President seem to have 
been actuated by motives of pure patriotism and an 
earnest desire to save the distracted and devastated state 
from the further evils of anarchy; Walton, Wells and 
Howley, by jealousy, inordinate ambition and a desire 
for power and place. Walton's legislature continued in 
session for the remainder of the year and its actions, 
especially those in reference to General Mcintosh, re- 
flected no credit on it. 

When the first Tuesday in December, 1779, came the 



CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT. 409 

people elected members for anew legislature in accordance 
with the proclamation of President Wereat, and the pro- 
visions of the constitution. This legislature met in Au- 
gusta on the 4th day of January, 1780, and elected Rich- 
ard Howley Governor, and selected from their own body 
a new Executive Council, according to law, and consti- 
tutional government was again, for a brief period, re- 
stored after a year of discord, faction and anarchy. 

But it was only for a brief period. In May, 1780, 
Charleston was captured and occupied by the British, and 
a month later Augusta was occupied by Brown and Grier- 
son, the two notorious Tory leaders, and British soldiers 
were scattered all over both states. Prior to this, the 
General Assembly, aware of the defenseless condition of 
Augusta, and "deeming it unsafe and impolitic for the 
Governor and Council to remain thus exposed, desig- 
nated Heard's Fort, in Wilkes County, as a suitable place 
of meeting for transacting the business of the govern- 
ment of this State." 

The Executive Council, acting on this suggestion, ad- 
journed on the 5th of February to meet at Heard's Fort. 
Governor Howley went to Philadelphia to take his seat 
in the Continental Congress to which he had been elected, 
and the executive powers and duties were entrusted to 
George Wells, the President, and three other members of 
the Executive Council. In a few days after he assumed 
the duties of Chief Executive, President Wells was killed 
in a duel by James Jackson, and Stephen Heard was 
chosen President of the Council. When Mr. Heard "re- 
tired to North Carolina*' Myrick Davies was elected 
President. Thus, during nearly all the year 1780, the 
executive powers were exercised by three members of 
the Council, Wells, Heard and Davies, in a Fort near 
where the town of Washington now stands. The entire 



410 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

state had been overrun and was held by the British ex- 
cept two counties, Richmond and Wilkes, and the cause 
of the patriots seemed lost beyond recovery. A pall of 
gloom hung over the devastated land until June, 1781, 
when the British commander at Augusta, together with 
the entire force und^r his command, was captured by Gen- 
eral Pickens and Colonel Lee, and that important post 
restored to the patriots. This was the beginning of the 
end of British rule in Georgia. Most of the state was 
recovered, and in August a Legislature was assembled at 
Augusta. Whether this legislature was elected on the 
first Tuesday in December, 1780, at the regular time pro- 
vided in the constitution, or at a special election after the 
enemy had been driven from the upper and middle parts 
of the state, there are no records to show; but it is 
probable that the members were chosen at special elections 
after the capture of Augusta, for the entire state, except 
two counties, being in the hands of the enemy in Decem- 
ber 1780, it is not probable that elections could have been 
held at that time in any counties other than Richmond 
and Wilkes, if indeed in them. 

As to who ordered these special elections we are left 
to conjecture, for under the constitution and the law no 
one had authority to do it, the terms of office of both 
Governor Howley and his executive Council having ex- 
pired in January, 1781. It is probable, however, that, 
inasmuch as the semblance of civil government remaining 
in the state had been exercised during the year, 1780, by 
three or four members of Howley*s Coimcil at Heard's 
Fort, they ordered it. No matter when, or by whom it 
was ordered, it was held, and a legislature elected whicli 
assembled at Augusta in August, 1781. It organized by 
electing John Jones, Speaker, and on the i6th it elected 
Doctor Nathan Brownson Governor for the remainder 
of the year. Edward Telfair, William Pew, Noble Wym- 



CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT. 411 

berly Jones and Samuel Stirk were chosen del^ates to 
the Continental Congress. This legislature enacted sev- 
eral important laws, among them the following : — 

"An act declaring certain persons who are therein de- 
scribed citizens of this State, and for burying in oblivion 
certain high crimes and misdemeanors." 

"An Act to continue the several acts heretofore made 
in the then province of Georgia, and also all acts made 
and passed by the several conventions, congresses and 
Houses of Assembly of the State of Georgia.'' 

"An Act for the prevention of internal conspiracies and 
for empowering certain committees therein named to ex- 
amine into the conduct of certain suspicious persons." 

On the first Tuesday in December, 1781, the day fixed 
in the constitution, members of the legislature for 1782, 
were elected in the several counties. This legislature met 
in Augusta on the first day of January, and on the second, 
John Martin was elected Governor. 

In this running review of occurrences during the 
progress of the struggle for independence we have now 
arrived at the period from which we have been able to 
find Minutes of the Executive Department and Journals 
of the Legislature which are printed in the next and suc- 
ceeding volumes of our compilation. To these we refer 
the reader for information concerning the civil govern- 
ment of the state during he remainder of the Revolution- 
ary period, and bring this introductory narrative to a 
dose. 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 413 



Under the Act of May 4, 1 782, providingjfor the con- 
fiscation of the estates of persons who had, during the 
struggle, been disloyal to the state, and the selection by 
the House of Assembly of a Commission consisting of 
two persons from each county, except Glynn and Camden 
from which there should be one commissioner, to take 
possession of and sell, for the benefit of the State, all the 
•property, both real and personal, of the disloyal, a Com- 
mission was organized and began its ^work on the 
thirteenth day of the following June. Among the 
archives of the State is found the following imperfect 
Journal of the transactions of this Commission. 



414 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



At a Board of Commissioners held at the Town of 
Ebenezer in the County of Effingham, for the Sales of 
Confiscated Estates in the county of Chatham on the 13*^ 
day of June 1782 



Present 



John Baker 
Josiah Powel 
Charles Odingsells 
Thomas Washington 
John M* Lean 



Thomas Lewis 
Peter Paris 
James Martin 
Daniel Coleman 



1782 




JOHN WARD 


D' 






June 
M 

M 


13" 


To 1000 Acres Land"^ 
late the property of 
W" Knox and known 
by the Nameof Knox- 

bor^ugh@£5:8/p'. 
Acre 

To 250 Acres of Land^ 
late the property of 
James Graham on >- 
Hutchinson Island @ 
^13- ' 3/ P^^^ Acre 

To 140 Acres of Land^ 
late the property of 
Sir James Wright 
on Great Ogechee ► 
known by the River 
plantation ©£21:7/ 
per Acre 

To 500 Acres of Land^ 
late the property of 
Sir James Wright pine 
land, and known by > 
the name of Fort Ar- 
gyle Tract @ 6/ per 
Acre J 


5400: 

3412: 
2989 

150: 


0: 
10: 

0: 










£11951: 


10: 









^^^ 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 415 



1782 




PER. CONTRA. 


C 






June 


13" 


By Bond Number -32 
By Ditto N' -33 
By Ditto N' -34 
By Ditto N' 35 

The above Bonds 
were delivered to 
his honor the Gov'. 
& Council the 22* / 
Aug*. 1782 as per / 
Receipt. / 


£ 2989 : 
3412: 
5400: 

150: 


0: 

lo: 

0: 

0: 










^11951 


id: 













^^^ 



416 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 JOHN MOORE D' 



June 
M 


13* 


To 700 Acres of I^nd ^ 
late the property Wil- 
liam Knox on Savan- ^ 
nah River @ L5 : 2/ 
p' Acre J 


L 3570 


0: 







L 3570 


















SAMUEL ELBERT 


D' 






June 
M 

1783 
Jan' 
M 


13 
3' 


To 140 Acres on G.^ 
Ogeechee late Sir 
James Wright's > 
known by the Point 
plantation at £21:1 J 
per Acre 

To 8 Acres on Tybee ^ 
late John Graham at > 
£5: 1 per Acre j 


£ 2947 
40 


8 


• 




£ 2987 


8 






• 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 417 
1783 PER CONTRA O 



June 


13 


By Bond Number 13 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov': in Council as per 
Receipt 11*^ December 
1782 


^ 3570 


0: 







^ 3570 
















PER CONTRA 


C 






June 

1783 
Jan^ 


13" 
3 


By Bond Number 52 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27 January 
1783 

By Bond Number 53 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov': in Council as per 
Receipt 27*^ Jan^ 1783 


£ 2947: 
40. 


8 






£ 2987 


8 













STrr-TOll 



418 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



MESS" CLAY, OBRYEN & HOWLEY FOR GEN- 
ERALS GREENE & WAYNE. 
1782 D' 



June 


13* 


To 1000 Acres Land^ 
late the property of 
Alexander Wright on y 
Savannah River @ 
£ 3: 8/ p' Acre 

To 847 Acres Land^ 
late the property of 
John Graham & 
known by the Name ' 
of New Settlement 
@ £ 3: 5/ p' Acre 

To 1 224 Acres of Land ' 
late the property of 
John Graham known 
by the name of Mul- 
berry Grove @ £ 3 : 
ii/p'Acie 

To 300 Acres of Land ^ 
late the property of 
Sir James Wright on 
Great Ogechee known ► 
by the Name of Mul- 
berry Grove ® £ 15: 
1/ p' Acre 


3400 

2752: 
4345: 

4515 •• 


15: 
4: 

0: 










^ »55i2 


19 

















M"HANNAH GIBBONS 












500 Acres late Nathan-" 
iel Hall's (known by 
Morton Hall) at £8: ^ 
2 per Acre — 


4050 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 419 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



By a resolve of the'^ 
House of Assembly 
General Greene was 
voted £5000 and Gen*. 
Wayne £4000 



9000: 



420 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JACOB READ D* 



June 
M 

M 

M 



13" 



M 



To 560 Acres of Land^ 
on Ila Island late the 
property of Green- 
wood & Higginson 

To 100 Acres of Land 
opposite the above 
Tract 

To 500 Acres of Land^ 
late the property of 
Sir James Wright on 
G. Ogechee pine 
Land, joins Savage, 
Feaster & Cherry @ 
1/6 p' A 

To 300 Acres of Land'' 
property as above 
joins Jacob Read @ 
1/6 p' A. 

one Moiety or half part' 
of a House & Lot on 
the Bay in Savannah 
late the property of 
W.Wylly and Camp- 
ble Wylly 



N. B first Tything Ryn- 
alds Ward, formerly 
Mai^aret Cages's — 



7280 



349 



37: 



ID 



22 



ID 



355 
710: 



^8399 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 421 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 



13U 



By Bond Number 29 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' & Council 
22 August 1682 as 
per Rec* 



The house and Lot^ 
Coll: Rich* Wylly has 
claimed which was ^ 
the reason Mr. Read | 
did not comply ) 



ByM'SethJohn/ Cuth 
bert Rec» dat / ed lo**' 
June 1785 /for 



7689; 



710: 



355 



£8399 



o: 



422 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 WILLIAM SKIRVING D' 



June 
M 


13^ 


To 200 Acres of Land^ 
late the property of 
William Thompson ^ 
on Savannah River 
@ 14: 5/ p' A. 

To 800 Acres of Land^ 
on Great Ogechee op- 
posite Capt. M'kays 
the property of Tho" 
Gibbons at £ 8 :5/ p' 
Acre 


2850: 
6600 


0: 







£ 9450 


0: 





1782 




COLL: JOHN M'lNTOSH 


D' 






June 


13^ 
3 


To 450 Acres of Land' 
late George Kingcade 
on Savannah River I 
called the upper plan- [ 
tation @ £9. 1/ p' 
Acre J 

To 600 Acres late Sam- "^ 
uel Douglass on Au- 1 
gustins Creek at £ 2: f 
2 p' Acre J 

To 100 Acres on White ^ 
Marsh Island British 
property N^ 3 at £ 4: 
6 per Acre J 


4072 : 


10: 





.. 


£4072 


10 






1260 






1783 
Jan^ 


^53321 
430 


10 








£ 5762: 


ID 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 423 
1783 PER CONTRA O 







By Bond Number 4 de-^ 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' & Council V 
the 22** August 1782 
as p' Rec* J 

The 800 Acres M' Jo- 
seph Gibbons lays a 
claim to, which until 
it is divided M' Skir- 
vin would not comply 


2850: 

■ 


0: 





1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 










By Bond Number 12 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' & Council as per 
Receipt 11*^ December 
1782 

By Bond Number 42 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' and Council as per 
Receipt 27"* Jan^ 1783 

By Bond Number 2 deO 
livered to his honor 
theGovernorinCoun- V 
cil as per Rect. 27*^ 
JanM783 J 


4072: 


10: 







£4072 


10 






ia6o 








^ 5332 : 
430 


10 






£5762 


10 





424 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 COLL : A. W. WHITE D' 



June 
M 



13" 



To half the Island of 
S' Catharines . . . 



4500 



LUCIA MURRAY 



D' 



June 
M 



13" 



To a house and Lot in 
Savannah late Saml 
Parleys 



■} 



£ 700 



1782 



MAJOR RICH* CALL 



June 
M 



13" 



To 500 Acres of Land' 
on Savannah River 
late the property of 
George Kingcade @ | 
£ 8 : 5 p' Acre J 

To 450 Acres on Great 
Ogechee late Sir James 
Wrights known by 
Sandy hill at £ 9 : 10 



4125 



4275 



£ 8400 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 426 
1783 PER CONTRA C 







By Bond Number 37 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' & Council as per 
Rec' II*** December 
1782 


4500 










PER CONTRA 









June 


13 


By Bond Number 51 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Receipt 11 Dec' 1782 


£ 700 






1782 




1 
PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13* 


By Bond Number 19 de-1 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' & Council V 
the 22** August 1782 
as per Rec' J 

By Bond Number II de-^ 
livered to his honor | 
the Gov' in Council \ 
as per Rec' 27 Jan^ | 

1783 J 


i 

4125 : 
4275 


0: 







£ 8400 







426 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOSEPH WOODRUFFE D' 



June 
M 


13*^ 


To 500 Acres of Land^ 
late the property of 
Lewis Johnson join- - 
ing Kingcades @ 7/ 
p' Acre 


175 






1782 




JOHN MORELL 


D' 






June 
M 

M 
M 
M 


13* 


To 250 Acres of Land'^ 
late the property of 
Sam' Douglass on Sa- 
vannah River known \ 
by the Name of 
Tweed Sides @ £g: 
1/ p' Acre J 

To 500 Acres of Land on "^ 
Great Ogechee Neck 
late the property of > 
John Mullyrne @ 1 1/ 
p'Acre J 

To a House and Lot in l 
Savannah late where > 
Reid & Stor lived j 

To a House and Lot in "^ 
Savannah late the 1 
property Lewis John- [ 
ston J 


2262: 

531 •• 
680: 


10: 

0: 

0: 
0: 












^ 3748 : 


10: 









JN« MCQUEEN 












To half the Island S*Cath. 
arines late Rob' Porteus 
& Alexander Rose 


4500 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 427 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13"^ 


By Bond Number 17 de- 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' & Council as 
per Receipt 11* De- 
cember 1782 


175 






1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


13" 


By Bond Number 27^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov & Council \ 
as per Receipt 22 Au- 
gust 1782 J 


3748 


10 






^3748 


10:' 



























428 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 PETER DEVEAUX D' 



June 
M 


13"^ 


To 400 Acres of Land ^ 
on Savannah River, 
late the property of 
Basil Cowper, known y 
by the Name of the 
Grange @ 2 : 1/ p' 
Acre 


820 








£ 820 












" 


1782 




EDWARD DAVIES 


D' 






Octob' 


21** 


To 130 Acres of Land" 
late Basil Cowpers, 
about two Miles from • 
Savannah at £ 4 : i 
per Acre 


£ 526: 

i 


10 






£ 526 


10 
















JOHN KEAN 


D' 






June 


13" 


To 200 Acres of Land^ 
on Hutchinsons 
Island late the prop- 
erty of Capt. W"^ M*- ' 
Gillivray at £ 13 : 10 
p' Acre 

To 200 Acres of Land' 
on hutchinsons Island 
late the property of ^ 
Lach*" M'Gillivray ^ 
£ 13 : 10/ p' Acre 


; 2600: 
2700: 


0: 
0: 








1^5300 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 429 
1783 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13 


By Bond Number 24^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' & Council > 
as per Receipt the 22 
August 1782 j 


820 








£ 820 












■ 


1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


21- 


1 

By Bond Number 50 de- 
livered his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27'^ Jan^ 
1783 


526: 


10 






£ 526 


10 






I 1 


1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13" 


By Bond Number 9 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' & Council as per 
Rec* the 22* August 
1782 


5300: 


0: 







£ 5300 







430 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 THOMAS STONE D' 



June 
M 


13* 
3 


To 200 Acres of Land^ 
on hutchinsonlslandi 
late 1'. M'GilHvrays 
lower plantation at 
£ 14 p'. A. 

To 500 Acres of Land' 
late Alex' Wylly's 
on Great Ogechee 
neck adjoining lands 
of Stiles and Savage 
@ 5/ p'. Acre 

To 300 Acres of Land 
White Marsh N^ 
known by Jenkins poir 
at £ 6 : 1 per Acre 

To a Phaelon at Belfaj 
late John Glen's 


> 2800: 
125 : 


0: 
0: 






1783 


£ 2925 : 


0: 





Jan'' 


n 

4 
It 

1815 
5t 49 








£4789 










178a. 




THOMAS WASHING 
TON 


" D' 






June 

M 
M 


13* 


To 100 Acres Land lal 
the property of Joh 
Murray known by tl 
Name of the Hermttas 
@ £ 3 : 7/ p. A, 

A house and lot in S 
vannah late W*. Wyll) 
near Truans 

A house and lot on th 
Bay in Savannah lal 
the property Jn*. Wane 


:e 
n 

le 

fe 

ass- 
a- 
ys 

410 

le 
te 
Is 430 


0: 







^ 1^75 


0: 






SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 431 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13 
3 


By Bond Number lo^ 
delivered to his honor | 
the Gov' & Council 5^ 
as per Rec* 22* Au- 
gust 1782 J 

By Bond Number 28 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27 January 

1783 

By Bond Number 77 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
receipt 27* Jan' 1783 


2925 






^ 2925 




1783 
Jan' 


1815 
49 




- 


£ 4789 






1 




178a 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


IS- 


By Bond Number 9 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' & Council, as per 
Receipt 11 Dec' 1782 


"75 : 


0: 







^ "75 







432 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 SAMUEL STIRK D' 



June 

M 


13 


To 200 Acres Land on^ 
Hutchinson Island 1 
late Ja' Mossmans at 
£ 13 per Acre J 

To aoo Acres joining *| 
the above property as > 
above £ 14 : a p' A j 

To a house and Lot on 
the Bay property as 
above 

To 150 Acres of Land^ 
late Sir James 
Wrights and adjoin- I 
i n g the Trustees 
Farm £ 14 : 8 p' A J 


2600 
2820 

1180 
2160 








£ 8760 






178a 




JOHN WEREAT 


D' 






June 


13* 


To 40 Acres of Land" 
known by the name 1 
of Flemmings Island 
£ 4 p' A J 

To a house and lot in" 
Savannah property 
Tho' Flemming ► 
known by Mahonys 
Tavern 

To 300 Acres of Land \ 
onSkidowaylateSut- > 
cliflEs j 


160: 

475 
270 


0: 







1 


^ 905 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 433 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13" 


By Bond Number 15"^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Receipt 22* 
August 1782 J 

By Bond Number 55^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council - 
as per Receipt ii*** 
December 1782 j 

i 
i 


6600 
2160 








£ 8760 






1782 




PER. CONTRA 


C 






June 


13" 


By Bond Number 22^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council V 
as per Receipt 11 
Dec' J 782 J 

By Bond Number 24^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council }• 
as per Receipt 11 
Dec' 1782 j 


270 
635 








^ 905 







58rr-von 



434 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOSEPH CLAY D' 



June 
M 

M 



M 
June 



M 



M 



13" 



13 



To 60 Acres of Land^ 
near Musgrove Creek, 
late the property of y 
J"' Joachim Zubly 
at £ 12: 13/ p' Acre J 

To a lot at Yamacraw 1 
property as above / 



To a Lot. D* 



.D* 



To 500 Acres of Land 
late the property of 
G. Fox on little Oge- 
chee at 31/ p' Acre 

To 500 Acres of Land 
between Ogechee and 
Canauchee property 
of Sir James Wright 
at ^ 5 : 3/p' Acre 

To 445 Acres late^ 
Lach* M'Gillivrays, 
called (Spring Field) 
at £ 3 : I p' Acre 

To 300 Acres late^ 

Tho' Wylly's on 

Black Creek at 10/ 
p' Acre 

To 1000 Acres late^ 
Lach' McGillivray's 
called Vale Royal at 
£ 6. 4 p' A 



759 




75 




30 




775 




2575 




1357 


5 


150 


- 


6200 




£11,921 : 


5 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 435 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 



13" 



By Bond Number 1 5 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 



Rec* 

1782 



ir 



December 



By Bond Number 16 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Receipt 11 Dec' 1782 



By Bond Number 18 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
perReceiptii Dec' 1782 



150 



1357 



10414 



£11,921 : 



436 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 WILLIAM O BR YEN D' 



Jtjne 
M 
M 


13* 


To 500 Acres of Land,^ 
late Thomas Young's 1 
adjoining Kilkany at ( 
36/p'A J 

To 500 Acres of Land' 
known by the Name 
of the Ship Yard at ^ 
£ 2 : 2/ p' Acre 

To 500 Acres late Grif-' 
fith Williams British 
property at 14/ p' ( 
Acre J 


900: 

1050 
350: 


0: 







£ 2200 
















178a 




MESS" BRYEN & 
STIRK 


D' 






June 
M 
M 
M 
M 

M 
M 


t3' 


To 200 Acres late^ 
Lightinstonson 
Skidoway at 25/ p' j 
Acre J 

To a lojt on the Bay in 
Savannah late Tisdale's 

To a house and Lot late 
Rob* Smith's 

To a house and lot late 
Hume's 

To a brick house and Lot 
at Yamacra late Rev* 
Zubly's_.. 

To a Lot, Stores and 
Wharf late Sam* Dou- 
glass 

To a Lot late Jn* John- 
stons 

To a house and Lot late 
Jn*' Simpsons 


250 

420 

465 
665 

485 

655 
200 

325 








^ 3465 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 437. 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


,3. 


By Bond Number 56 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- 
cil as per Rec* 1 1 De- 
cember 178a 


229a : 


10 




















1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Jtine 


13* 


By bond Number 7 de- 
livered his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 11 Dec' 
1782 

By M" Lewis produce-^ 
ing her Titles to the 
Lot sold for Jn* Simp- 
sons before the Com- 
missio ners, they 
agreed it was her [ 
Lawf ull property 
therefore Mess" Clay 
& Bryen declined 
giveing this Bond J 


3140 

325 








^ 3465 : 







438 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

178a HAMPTON LELLIBRIDGE D* 



June 
M 

M 


J3. 


To 150 Acres of Land 
late Sir James Wright's 
middle plantation at 
£ 15 : 18 p' A. 

To 500 Acres on G.^ 
Ogechee Neck Brit- 
ish property adjoin- ^ 
inglands 0. Williams 
at 1 2/ p' Acre J 


2385 
300 








£ 2685 














1782 




COLL: JA' JACKSON 


D' 






June 

M 


13* 


To half a lot with im-*^ 
provements opposite 1 
Sam* Parleys late Jo- [ 
siah Tatnell -J 

To 150 Acres late Sir^ 
James Wrights lower 1 
plantation at £ 14 : j 
13/ p' Acre J 


855 
2197: 


10 






^3052 


10 












1782 




DOCTOR BEECROFT 


D' 






June 

1 


13* 


To 20D Acres of Land"] 
known by Ottalin- 
goes Island in S* > 
Augustine Creek,late 
Collin Campbells 


330 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 439 
1782 PER CONTRA C' 



June 


13^ 


By Bond Number i de-^ 
livered his honor the 
Governor in Council V 
as per receipt 22* 
August 1782 J 

By Bond Number 26^ 
delivered his honor 
the Gov' in Council y 
as per Receipt 22"* 
August 1782 J 


2385 

i 

300 








£ 2685 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


,3. 


By a resolve of the"^ 
honorable house of 
Assembly , makeing 
Coll : Jackson a com- > 
pliment of Tatnells 
Lot for his Services 
rendered the State J 

By Bond Number 10 de- 
livered his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Rec* II Dec' 1782 


855 
2197: 


10 






£ 3052 : 


10 


















1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13 


By Bond Number 5 de- 
livered his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Rec* II Dec' 1782 


230 







440 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 PETER TAARLIN D' 



June 



M 



13^ 



To 250 Acres late Rob* ) 
Porteus called Pern- > 
brooke at 21/ p' Acre ) 

To a bouse and Lot in 
Savannah late David 
Zublys Jun' 



262 



260- 



522 



10 



10 



1782 



RICHARD WYLLY 



ly 



June 
M 

M 



IS"" 



To 30 Acres late Tat- 
nells near the Town of 
Savannah at £ 11 : 11/ 
p'A. 



To 600 Acres formerly^ 
the property of M' 
Russell and now Jo- ► 
siah Tatnel at £3. 3 
p' Acre 

To a house and lot in'' 
Savannah late the 
property of Alexan- 
der Wylly were doc- 
tor Irvine formerly 
lived 



346: 



1890 



420 



£ 2656 



10 



10 



1782 



JAMES DIWODIE 



Oct' 21 



To I pair hand mill- 
stones late Sir James 
Wrights 



10 



£ 10 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 441 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


,3. 


By Bond Number 20 de 
livered to his honor th 
Gov' in Council as pe 
Rec* II Dec' 1782 


e 
r 

5^2: 


10 






^ 522 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13" 


By Bond Number i de 
livered to his honor th 
Gov' in Council as pe 
Rec* II Dec' 1782 

By Bond Number 8 dc 
livered to his honor th 
Gov' in Council as pe 
Receipt 11 Dec' 1782 


e 
r 

2310 

e 
r 

346 


10 






£ 2656 


10 










1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


19 


By Bond Number 5 de-" 
livered to his honor 
the Governor, as per 
Receipt g"^ April 

1783 J 


> 10 








£ 10 







442 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN HABERSHAM !> 



June 
M 



13 



To 750 Acres late John ^ 
Mullrynes at 28/ p' > 
Acre ) 

To 400 Acres late Ben j" ) 
Parleys at £4: 12 ) 

To a house and Lot in 
Savannah both Ben 
Parleys were M' Tho' 
Bailie formerly lived ^ 



To a house and Lot at 
Yamacra late John 
Glenn's 



1050: 



1840 



140 



X 3030 



430 



£ 3460 



1782 



JOHN WILKINSON 



June 



13" 



To 150 Acres late John' 
Mullrynes known by 
Thunderbolt at £ 3: 
2/ p' Acre 



465 



1782 



PETER PARIS 



June 



13 



To 200 Acres late Da-" 
vid Johnstons on 
White BlufE at £ 3 : 
7P'A 



670 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 443 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13- 


By Bond Number i8^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in > 
Council as per Rec* 
22* August 1782 J 


3460 








£ 3460 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13* 


By Bond Number 14 ] 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council V 
as per Rec* 22 Au- 
gust 1782 J 


465 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13" 


the said tract was given 
up by M' Paris to Da- 
vid Johnston he being 
taken ofE the Confisca- 
tion Act 






' 



444 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN HOUSTOUN D' 



June 



13* 



To 50 Acres late Rob* 
M^cormicks at White 
bluflF at 51 p' Acre 

To half a Lot in Savan- 
nah late Chapmans 



127: 
67: 



10 



10 



1782 



W- PEARCE & 
NATff PENDLETON 



D' 



June 



^3" 



To 700 Acres late Tho" 
Johnstons at 28/ p' 
Acre 



'1 



980 



1782 



THOMAS NETHER- 
CLIFFT 



June 



M 



13 



To 400 Acres late Tho* 
Reids adjoining Tho' 
Johnstons at 21/p' 



To 5CX) Acres, known 
•by Green Island 
18/ per Acre 



:ho*) 
L^ho'V 
»'A.j 

7X1 ^ 

"1 



+Page 25 the 400 Acres 
settled for by Cha' 
Odingsells 

To 500 Acres on Sa-^ 
vannah late Rob* 
Porteus joining Raes 
Creek and M" 
Youngs at £ 5 : 11 
p' Acre 



420 



450 



870 



2775 



^ 3645 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 446 
178a PER CONTRA C 



June 


13" 


By Bond Number 54 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Rec* II Dec' 1782 


127: 


10 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13" 


By Bond Number 31^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Rec' 22* Au- 
gust 1782 j 


980 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


^3 ' 


By Bond Number 73^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Receipt 11 
Dec 1782 J 

By Bond Number 74^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council I 
as per Receipt 11 
Dec' 1782 j 


£ 870 
«775 








^ 3645 







446 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JAMES MARTIN D' 



June 

M 


la'*^ 


To 200 Acres of Land^ 
on G. Ogechee late 1 
Jn° Fox's Jun' at 19/ ( 
p' Acre J 

To a lot in Savannah^ ^ 
late Sir James 1 
Wrights adjo i n i n g [ 
Mordeica Sheftalls J 


190 
170 








^ 360 














1782 




JOHN WAUDIN 


D' 






June 


13 


To 500 Acres, late Sam* ^ 
Douglass on 1 i 1 1 1 e > 
Ogechee a 1 1/ p' Acre j 

A house and Lot in^ 
Savannah late James > 
Johnstons j 


275: 
365: 








£ 640 















SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 447 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Oct' 


21" 


By Bond Number 3^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per > 
Receipts 13*^ July 
1783 J 

The 200 Acres on Oge- 
chee is given up by 
James Martin, James 
Thompson claiming 
said Tract as his prop- 
erty 


170 






















1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






June 


13* 


By Bond Number 16 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council 
as per Rec* 22* Au- : 
gust 1782 


640 























448 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

JOHN LUCAS D' 



June 
M 

M 
M 



13" 



To 500 Acres, late^ 
Lewis Johnson Jun' 
on G. Ogechee Neck 
@ 15/ p' A 

To 600 Acres, British ' 
property on Little 
Ogechee joining Jn* 
Fox Jun' at 11/ p' 
Acre 

To a house and Lot in^ 
Savannah late Jn* 
Simpson near the hur- 
rying Ground 

To a house and Lot late 
Henry Yonge jun' 



375 



330 



100 



475 



£ 1280 



1782 



JOHN HARDY 



D' 



June 
M 



M 



13" 



M 



To 150 Acres Land, 
late Thomas Gold- 
smiths adjoining Jn° , 
Jenkens on Great Oge- ( 
chee Neck at£3.4/p' | 
Acre J 

To 500 Acres on Great ^ 
Ogechee Neck Brit- 
ish property, adjoin- 
ing Griffith Williams 
at 13/p' A. 

To looo Acres of Land/ 
a back Tract on Great 
Ogechee Neck and 
known by Governor 
Reynold's at 10/ p' 
Acre 



480: 



335- 



500- 



^ 1305 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 449 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


>3* 


By Bond Number 5^ 
delivered his honor 
the Gov' in Council V 
as per Rec* 22* Au- 
gust 1783 J 

By Bond Number 4 de- 
livered his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Rec' ii*^ Dec' 1782 

■ 


575 
705 








£ 1280 








1 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


13 


By Bond Number 20^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in Conn- > 
cil as per Receipt 22* 
August 1782 J 


•£ 1305 








^ 1305 







19 r r— vol 1 



450 
1782 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
FRANCIS CODDINGTON D' 



June 


It 


To 500 Acres of Land^ 
late Tho' Goldsmith 
on Great Ogechee 1 
Neck and known by [ 
the Name of Greenes 
Tract at 11/ p' Acre j 


275 








275 














1782 




JOHN M'LEAN 


D' 






June 

< 


13" 


To 250 Acres of Land' 
on Great Ogechee 
Neck, late Donald 
Frazers adjoining ^ 
Lands of M" Jackson 
and Peter Lavier at 
31/ p' Acre J 

Page 17. Rich* Howleys 
Bond for 800 £ 


387: 


10 




1782 




GEORGE CUBBAGE 


D' 






June 


13. 


To 500 Acres of Land ^ 
on Great Ogechee 
Neck late Thomas V 
Young's, called Kil- 
kany at 25/ p' Acre J 


£- 625: 


0: 







^ 625: 


0: 






SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 451 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



June 


13* 


By Bond Number 17^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council I 
as per Receipt 22* 
August 1782 J 


275 








^ 275 








' 








1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


13"' 


By Bond Number 62^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Receipt 27 
Jan^ 1783 J 


387: 


10 








PER CONTRA 








June 


13' 


To Bond Number 19 de- 
livered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- 
cil as per Receipt 11"' 
December 1782 


£ 625 








£ 625 







462 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN BAKER D' 



June 


,3. 


To 900 Acres of Land ^ 
on Great Ogechee 
Neck, adjoining the 1 
Ship Yard Tract Brit- j 
ish property at 1 2/ p' 
Acre J 


540 






1782 




RICHARD HOWLEY 


D' 






June 
M 


13" 


To 1500 Acres of Land 
on Great Ogechee late 
the property of Ja' But- 
ler, called the White 
Oak at £ 4 : I p' Acre 

To 200 Acres of Land 
late Isaac Boileau's 
about 5 Miles from Sa- 
vannah at £ 4 p' Acre 


6075: 








^6075 








800 








^6875 ; 




1782 




WILLIAM LECONTE 


D' 






June 


la"^ 


To 1500 Acres of Land 
late James Butlers 
called Hickory hill at 
£ 3 : 5 p' Acre 


4875 








^4875 









SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 453 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


IS*" 


By Bond Number 59 "^ 
delivered to his honor 
theGovernorinCoun- }- 
cil as per Receipt 
27"* Jan' 1783 J 


540 






1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


13* 


By Bond Number 21 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Receipt 
II December 1782 

By TBond Number 61"^ 
delivered to his honor 
theGovernorinCoun- y 
cil per Receipt 27* 
Jan' 1783 J 


6075 








^6075 








800 








£6875 


















PER CONTRA 









June 


13" 


By Bond Number 7 de-'' 
livered to his honor 
theGovernorinCoun- ► 
cil as per Receipt 22"* 
August 1782 


^4875 








^4875 




__ 



so r p— TOl 1 



464 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOSEPH DAY D' 



June 



13" 



To 450 Acres late Sir" 
James Wright on 
Great Ogechee called 
Orange Grove £11 
up' Acre 



5197: 



10 



1782 



JAMES GUNN 



D' 



June 



13" 



To a House and Lot" 
late Levi Sheftals, 
near Government 
house 



385 



1782 



DOCT' WILLIAM 
READ 



D' 



June 



M 



13 



To 200 Acres, river 
Swamp late Sir James 
Wrights on Great 
Ogechee, called Lau- 
rel Hill at £14 p' 
Acre 

To a House and Lot in" 
Savannah, late the 
Estate of Phillip Del- 
egall's 



2800 



580 



^ 3380 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 456 
178a PER CONTRA C 



June 


13 


By Bond Number i de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27* Jan' 
1783 


^5197 : 


10 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






June 


13 


To Bond Number 11^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor in 1 
Council as per Re- j 
ceipt 22* August 
1782 J 


385 








£ 385 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


13 


By Bond Number ig\ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor in > 
Council as per Re- 
ceipt 27"^ Jan' 1783 J 


3380 






. 


^3380 




_ 



466 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN JENKENS D- 



June 


13-" 


To 500 Acres of T^ndl 
on Great Ogechee 
and Canauchee late 1 
Sir James Wrights ^ 
called the white house 
at£5:6/p'A 


2650 








£. 2650 










178a 




PHILLIP LOWE 


D' 






June 


13-" 


To 250 Acres of Land^ 
late Doctor Irvines, 1 
formerly Roche's at j 
11/ p' Acre J 

To a Lot opposite ^ 
James Habershams > 
Esq' in Savannah ) 


137: 
385 


10 






522 


10 












1782 




WILLIAM HOUSTOUN 


D' 






June 


13" 


To 500 Acres, late"] 
George Houstons on i 
Great Ogechee at 30/ ( 
p' Acre J 


750 








^ 750 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 467 
178a PER CONTRA C 



June 


13*^ 


To Bond Number 13^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in > 
Council as per Re- 
ceipt 22* August 1 782 J 


2650 








£ 2650 














1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


13*^ 


To Bond Number 21^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in > 
Council as per Re- 
ceipt 2 2* August 1782 J 


522: 


10 






£ 522: 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June. 


13" 


By Bond Number 2 de-' 
livered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- - 
cil as per receipt 22* 
August 1782 


750 








^ 750 




._ 



458 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
178a SETH JN« CUTHBERT D* 



June 
M 

M 


13** 


To 300 Acres late"] 
Robert Re ids on ^ 
Skidoway Island at | 
22/ p' Acre J 

To a Wharf Lot and^ 
improvements f r- 
merly occupied by I 
Pooler and Parkin- [ 
son late the property 
of Grey Elliott J 


330 
610 








£ 940 














1782 




GEORGE THREAD- 
CRAFT 


jy 






June 
M 


13" 


To 500 Acres, late^j 
Samuel Douglass on 1 
Skidoway at £ 2 p' | 
Acre J 


1000 








£ 1000 














1782 




ABRAHAM JONES 


D' 






June 
M 


13 


To a house and Lot on ) 
the Bay in Savannah > 
late Samuel Douglass ) 


715 








^ 715 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 459 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13" 


By Bond Number 12^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in ^ 
Council as per Re- 
ceipt 22* August 1782 J 


940 








£ 940 














1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


13" 


By Bond Number 22^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- \ 
oil as per Receipt 22* 
August 1782 J 


1000 








£ 1000 








i 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






June 


13 


By Bond Number 30" 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- ► 
cil as per Receipt 22* 
August 1782 


715 








^ 715 










460 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 BENJAMIN LLOYD D' 



June 
M 
M 


13" 


To a lot late the prop-) 
ertyof Robert Wil- V 
liam Powel _ j 

To a Corner Lot near"! 
the Court house late V 
Isaac Boileau's ) 

To a Lot joining the ) 
above late I. Boileaus I 


177 

215 
195 








£• 587 


^ 










1782 




PETER HENRY 
MOREL 


D' 






June 
M 
M 


13 


To a wharf and Lot in "J 
Savannah late John V 
Wands j 

To 400 Acres of Land"^ 
late William Jones 1 
formerly N. Haners j 
at 21/ p' Acre J 


60 
420 








£ 480 














1782 




BENJAMIN FISH- 
BURN 


D' 






June 


13* 


To a lot in Savannah, "J 
late Jn'Grahams near V 
the Council House . _ j 


150 








£ 150 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 461 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13" 


By Edward Davies &^ 
Ben. Lloyd's Bond 
delivered to his honor ^ 
the Gov' in Council | 
27*»»Jan^i783N*8 J 

By Bond N° 9 delivered " 
to his honor the Gov' 1 
in Council, as per Re- | 
ceipt 27 Jan' 1783 J 


177 
410 








^ 587 








' 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






June 


13" 


By Bond Number 58^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- > 
cil as per Rec* 11 
Dec' 1782 j 


480 








£ 480 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






June 


13"^ 


By Bond Number 27 deO 
livered to his honor 
the Governor in I 
Council as per Re- f 
ceipt 11**" December | 
1782 J 


150 








£ 150 







462 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 EDWARD JONES D- 



June 

M 


13* 


To a Lot in Savannah 
late John Grahams 

To a house and Lot, late 
Alex' Creightons- 

To yi Lot late John Gra- 
hams 


121 

516 

75 








£ 712 














1782 




ANN STEWART 


D' 






June 


13* 


To a house and Lot ^ 
late Mathew Stewarts > 
in Savannah ) 


610 








£ 610 















SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 463 
1782 PER CONTRA C' 



June 


13" 


By Bond Number 6^ 
delivered to his honor 
theGovernorinCoun- > 
cil as per Receipt 22* 
August 1782 J 

By Bond Number 57 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Rec* 11 Dec' 1782 


516 
196 








£ 712 












' 


1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


^3 


By Bond Number 25"^ 
delivered to his honor I 
the Governor as per | 
Receipt 11 Dec' 1782 J 


£ 610 








£ 610 















464 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN MARTIN D' 



June 

M 


IS** 


To 6032 Acres, late Jn°^ 
Grahams on Augus- 
tins Creek called > 
Montealh @ 18/6 p' 
A. J 


5579: 


12 






^5579 


12 












1782 




THOMAS MILLS 


D' 


• 




June 
M 


13* 


To Long Island in^ 
Skidoway Narrows 1 
late the property of [ 
Phillip Moore J 


236 








£ 236 














1782 




RAYMOND DEMERE 


D' 






June 


IS* 


To 500 Acres, late'] 
David Johnstone on I 
White bluff at 15/ p' f 
Acre • J 

To a house and half lot^ 
on the Bay in Savan- 
nah in possession of ^ 
Tho* Mills British 
property J 


375 
525 








£ 900 







J 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 466 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


IS-" 


By Bond Number i de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Rec' 
9*^ April 1783 


5579: 


12 






^ 5579 : 


12 












1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


13* 


By Bond Number 8 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 22* Au- 
gust 1782 


236 








^ 236 












.. 


1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


IS*" 


By Bond Number 14 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt ii*^ Dec' 
1782 


900 








£ 900 







466 
1782 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
BENJ' ANDREW SEN' D' 



June 
M 



13" 



To half a Lot and house 
late Hendersons 



1782 



June 
M 



13" 



ANDREW M'LEAN 



350 



^ 350 



To 5cx> Acres, late Sam- 
uel Douglass on Savan- 
nah River called the 
Retreat, purchased by 
Dennis Burke and 
transferd to M' M'Lean 
je 6 : 6 p' A 



1782 



June 
M 

M 

1783 
Jan' 



13" 



WILLIAM M'INTOSH 



To a house and lot late' 
Levi Sheftals on the 
Common near Jn° 
Richards 

To a house and half '^ 
lot late Tho' Flem- I 
ings in Broughton j 
Street J 



To 300 Acres on White 
Marsh British property 
N° 2 at X 4 : 5 per Acre 



D' 



3150 



^3150 



400 



200 



j£ 600 



1275 
£ 1875 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 467 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13" 


By bond Number 23^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor, in 1 
Council as per Re- j 
ceipt 22* August 
1782 J 


350 








^ 350 














1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


13* 


By Bond Number 63 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 

. per Receipt 1 1**" Decem- 
ber 1782 


3150 








^3150 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


13* 
3* 


By Bond Number 41 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 1 1'^ Decem- 
ber 1782 

By Bond Number 58 deO 
livered to his honor 
the Governor i n S> 
Council as per Re- 
ceipt 27'*" Jan^ 1783 J 


600 








£ 600 






1783 
Jan' 


1275 








£1875 







468 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 ELIJAH CLARK D' 



June 


13* 


To a house and half lot 
in Savannah late James 
Alexander 


ICO 

• 










CHARLES ODING- 
SELLS 


D' 






June 
M 


13* 


To 400 Acres on Skid-^ 
oway Island late the . 
Estate P. Delegalls [ 
at 36/ p' Acre J 

1 


je 700 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 469 
PER CONTRA C 



June 


13" 


By Bond Number 78 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' in Council as per 
Receipt 27"* Jan^ 1783 


£ 100 










PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13 


By Bond Number 3 de-^ 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as'per Receipt 27 Jan' 

1783 J 


£ 720 







31 T r-TOl 1 



470 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 ROBERT HOLM'S D' 



Octob' 


21" 


To 500 Acres, late^ 
John Hume, on the I 
Newington Road at | 
36/ p' Acre J 


900 

1 








'£ 900 














1782 




JAMES FIELDS 


! D' 






Octob' 


21-' 


To 500 Acres, late James 
Hume's on the New- 
ington Road £3: 12/ 
p'A. 

To 300 Acres on G."^ 
Ogcchee late Jn** But- 
ler Maxwells known i- 
by Cherry hill at £20 
per Acre j 


1800 








£ 1800 






M 


6000 








£ 7800 














1782 




FRANCIS LEWIS 


D' 






Octob' 


21* 


To 500 Acres, late Wil-' 
liam Jones of Savan- 
nah, on Great Oge- ^ 
chee adjoining M" 
Reids at 25/ p' A. 


625: 








£ 625 


( 


_ 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 471 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


j^th 


By Bond Number 59 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 11'^ De- 
cember 1782 


900 








£ 900 








1 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






OctoV 


21* 


By Bond Number to de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 11* De- 
cember 1782 

By bond Number 12 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27*^ Jan^ 
1783 


1800 








u 1800 

1 








6000 








£ 7800 








i 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


ai- 


By Bond Number 61 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 11 Decem- 
ber 1782 


625 








je 625 







472 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 FREDERICK SHICK D' 



OctoV 


21" 


To a lot joining Clark ^ 
the Taylors opposite 
the Government V 
house late John Gra- 
hams j 


£ 260 








£ 260 












1782 




PATRICK WALSH 


D' 






Octob' 


2I-* 


To a house & half Lot ^ 
in Broughton Street I 
opposite Clarendons j 
late Sam^ Douglass J , 

To a house and half"^ 
Lot adjoining the I 
above late Sam^ C 
Douglass J 

To a house and lot in^ 
possession Widow I 
Loyer British prop- f 
erty J 


700 

437 
961 








£ 2098 














1782 




JN* PETER WAGNON 


D' 






OctoV 

M 


21-* 


To ^ of a Lot and^ 
Wharf with Stores I 
late Inglis and Jen- | 
kens J 


2050 








£ 2050 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 473 
178a PER CONTRA C 



OctoV 


21-* 


By Bond Number 51 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27**" Jan- 
uary 1783 


260 








£ 260 












1782 




PER CONTRA 









Octob' 


21" 


By Bond Number 38 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council 

By Bond Number 62 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 1 1*** Decem- 
ber 1782 


"37 
961 








£ 2098 














1782 




PER CONTRA 









Octob' 


21-* 


By Bond Number 52 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 11 Decem- 
ber 1782 


2050 








£ 2050 







474 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 NEHEMIAH WADE D' 



July 


2* 


To a house and Lot in^ 
Savannah on the Bay 1 
late Rob*. M^Cor- f 
micks J 


1245 








£ 1245 










1 


1783 




EDWARD LLOYD 


D' 






Jan" 


3* 


To a house and lot in 1 
Broughton S t r e e t V 
late Cornicks j 


1350 








1^ 1350 








1 






1783 




JOHN HOWEL 


D' 






Jan' 


3* 


To 300 Acres on Great "^ 
Ogechec late Sir 
James Wright 's . 
known by Sage Field | 
plantation at £ 13 :8 
per Acre J 


£ 4020 








£ 4020 















SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 475 
1783 PER CONTRA . C 



July 


2* 


By Bond Number 3 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 22* August 
1782 


1245 








£1245 










1 


1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Jan^ 


3* 


By Bond Number 4 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27*^ Jan^ 
1783 


1350 








^ 1350 














1783 




PER CONTRA 


c 






Jan^ 


3' 


By Bond Number 5 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 37 Jan^ 
1783 


£ 4020 








£ 4020 















476 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

ROBERT GRIER D' 



Jan' 


3' 


To 5CX) Acres on White ^ 
Marsh Island where 
Rogers lived N' i at 
£4 : 2 per Acre 


£ 2050 








£ 2050 ' 


















MORDECAI SHEFT- 
ALL 


D' 






Jan' 


3* 


To 150 Acres of Land^ 
late Alex' Wylly near I 
Joseph Clays Esq' at [ 
6/6 per Acre J 


£ 48 


15 






£ 48 


15 
















JOSEPH FOX 


D' 






Jan' 


3* 


To 150 Acres on SkidO 
oway Island late Doc- 
tor William John - 
Young at ^£4 : 5 per 
Acre J 


£ 637: 


10 






£ 637 


10 













SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 477 
PER CONTRA C' 



Jan^ 



Jan^ 



Jan' 



3* 



By Bond Number 88de-^ 
livered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- 
cil as per Receipt 27 
January 1783 



2050 



£ 2050 



PER CONTRA 



By Bond Number 22 de-^ 
livered to his honor 
the Governor in Coun- 
cil as per Receipt 27**" 
Jan^ 1783 



£ 48: 



PER CONTRA 



£ 48 



15 



15 



By Bond Number 49 de- ^ 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Rec' 27*** Jan^ 
1783 



£ 637 



^ 637 



10 



10 



478 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 JAMES STALLINS D' 



June 


13 


To 5 Small Negroes 
late Lachlan M^Gil- \ 
livrays 


£ 103 








£ 103 














1782 




JOHN MORRISON 


D' 






June 


,3. 


^0 a family of Negroes 
Fellow, Wench and 
Child late Lachlan 
M^Gillivrays 


£ 290 








£ 290 














1782 




LEMUEL LANIER 


D' 






June 


13^ 


To 2 Negroes a fellow, 
and Wench late Lach- 
lan M*Gillivrays 


£ 200 


10 


• 




£ 200 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 479 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


13* 


By bond Number 71 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor in Council as 
per Receipt 27 Jan^ 
1783 


£ 103 








^ 103 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13 


By Bond Number 73 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' as per Receipt 27*** 
Jan^ 1783 


331 






















1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


13* 


By Bond 74 delivered to 
his honor the Governor 
in Council as per Rec* 
27 Jan' 1783 


£ 200: 


10 






£ 200 


10 





480 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

BENJAMIN STILES 



500 Acres land on G.^ 
Ogechee Neck late 
Cox and Hughes join- 
ing lands of Stiles 
and M" Bandies at 
7/ per Acre 



175 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 481 



Sales of Confiscated Estates, held at the White Oak 
plantation, late James Butlers on Great Ogechee, on 
Wednesday the ig**" June 1782, for the county of Liberty 



Commissioners Present 



John Baker 

Charles Odingsells 
Abraham Ravott 
Caleb Howel 
Josiah Powel 



Thomas Washington 
John M'Lean 
Hugh Lawson 
James Martin 
Peter Paris 



482 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



1782 




JANNET M^KAY 


D' 






June 


19- 


To 2CX) Acres of Land ) 
late Daniel B. M«In- V 
tosh at 18/ per Acre j 

To 500 Acres late^ 
Charles M'^Donalds at V 
£1,1 per Acre j 


180 
525 








^ 705 














1782 




RICHARD HOWLEY 


D' 






June 
M 
M 


19- 


To 200 Acres latejn'l 
Glenns near Sunbu- > 
ry at £3 7 per Acre j 

To a House and Lot in 
Sunbury N' 9 


670 
816 








£ i486 















SALES OP CONFISCATED ESTATES. 483 



1782 




PER CONTRA 


i c 

1 






June 


19 


By Bond Number 34. ^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as ^ 
per Receipt 11"^ De- 
cember 1782 J 


705 








^ 705 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


19" 


By Bond Number 64'^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor in I 
Council as per Re- | 
ccipt 27"* January 
1783 J 


i486 








£ i486 















ET ^ 



484 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 BENJAMIN ANDREW D' 



To 5cx> Acres late Doc- 
tor Lewis Johnstons 
near Sunbury at 10/ 
per Acre 

To 500 Acres late"^ 
Thomas Youngs on 
the Colonels Island 
at 47/ p' A. 

To 500 Acres late Tho'^ 
Youngs on the Colo- | 
nels Island known by ^ 
half Moon bluff at | 
8/6 per Acre J 

To a Lot in Sunbury N''i3 

To D* D** N'»i4 

To 400 Acres on the 
Colonels Island 
know by Butterfields 
point late Tho' 
Youngs at £3 : 13 per 
Acre 



June 
M 



!(/ 



M 



M 
Octob' 



21' 



250 

II75 

212 

575 
575 

1460 



10 



£ 4247 



10 



1782 



JOHN COWPER 



D' 



June 



^9 



To 1 300 Acres of Land "^ 
near the Public land- | 
ing late Roger Kel- } 
sail at £ 3 : 11 per | 
Acre J 



4615 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 486 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 
Oct' 


2 1" 


By Bond Number 41 de-^ 
livered to his honor I 
the Gov' as per Rec* f 
23* August 1782 J 

By Bond Number 87 de- ^ 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council y 
as per Rec* 27*^ Janu- 
ary 1783 J 

NB. the 500 acres op- ^ 
posite @ 47/ relinq* 1 
The two Lotts, prop^ [ 
of W Fisher — J 


2787: 
1460 


10 






£4347 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


19- 


By Bond Number 32 de- ^ 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Receipt 11**' 
Dec' 1782 J 


4615 















82rr»70ll 



486 
1782 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

JOHN DOLLAR D' 



June 

% 


19-^ 


To 150 Acres near^ 
Newpprt Ferry late 1 
William Dawson at f 
1 3/6 per Acre J 

To a Lot in Sunbury 
N« 361 - 


loi : 
32: 


5 







£ 133 


5 










._ 


1782 




JOSEPH OSWELL 


D' 






June 


19" 


To 500 Acres late^ 
Thomas Youngs 1 
above Newport Ferry [ 
at £ 1 : 5 per Acre J 


625 








£ 625 














1782 




STEPHEN HAU- 
THORN 


D' 






June 


19- 


To 150 Acres late*^ 
Tho' Youngs known 1 
by Bumets old Field f 
at 4/ per Acre J 


30 








£ 30 




^^^ 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 487 
1782 PER CONTRA C' 



June 


19* 


By Bond Number 33 as^ 
per Rec* from his > 
Honor the Governor J 


133: 


5 






£ 133 


5 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


19* 


By Bond Number 44^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per V 
Receipt 27* January 
1783 J 


625 








£ 625 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


ig*- 


By Bond Number 35^ 
delivered to his Honor 
the Gov' as per Re- 
ceipt II* Dec' 1782 ^ 


30 








£ 30 

1 







488 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 PHILLIP LOW D' 



June 


'9 


To one Lot in Sunbury 
N°ii. 


355 






M 




To 300 Acres late Wil-^ 
liamsons a British 
Subject at jC I : 15 per 
Acre J 


5a5 










To 250 Acres late Da- 'j 
vid Delegals at X3 : 5 > 
per Acre j 


812: 


zo 






X 1692: 


10 










1782 




SAMUEL WEST 


D' 






June 


19* 


To 500 Acres late Grey "j 
Elliotts joining New- 
port ferry at £3 : ^ 
per Acre J 

To 1 Lot inSunbury N"37 
To I D- D" N» 2 
To I D" D° N°i30 
To I D° D° N*'2oo 
To I D" D" N*'20i 
To I D° D** N*202 
To I D" D° N'»203 
To I D° D° N°204 
To I D° D° N'267 
To I D" D" N*268 


1725 

240 
410 
100 

105 
100 

100 

105 

105 
100 

105 








^ 3195 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 489 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


19"" 


By Bond Number 39 '^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per [ 
Rec* 2t Jan' 1783 J 


1692: 


10 






£ 1692 : 


ID 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


19- 


By Bond Number 38^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Re- 
ceipt 23* August 1782 J 


3195 








^3195 







490 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 ROGER SANDERS D' 



June 


19 


To 3000 Acres late^ 
Rob* Bailie in several I 
Tracts at £4: 11 per [ 
Acre. J 


13650 








£ 13.650 














1782 




ROBERT ADAMS 


D' 






June 


19- 


To 150 Acres late^ 
James Butlers on Ca- 1 
nauchie at 4/ per [ 
Acre J 

To 250 Acres late^ 
Roger Kelsall's fork 1 
Canauchie at 14/ per 
Acre J 


30 
175 








je 205 












" 


1782 




THOMAS CATER 


D' 






June 


19^ 


To 250 Acres late^ 
Roger Kelsalls n 
Tom's Creek near ► 
Canauchie at 11/ per 
Acre 

To 150 Acres late"" 
Roger Kelsall on 
Canauchie at 4/ per | 
Acre 


137: 
30 


10 






£. 167 


10 


_ 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 491 
1783 PER CONTRA C 



June 


19- 


By Bond Number 42 '^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per | 
Rec* 23^ August 1782 J 


131650 








^ 131650 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


. C 






June 


19^^ 


By Bond Number 48^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as > 
per Rec* 27** Jan' 
1783 J 


205 








£ 205 














1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


19-^ 


By Bond Number 36 'j 
delivered to his honor I 
the Gov* as per Rec* [ 
11*^ December 1782 J 


167: 


10 






£ 167 


10 





492 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN HARDY D' 



June 
M 

M 


19- 


To 150 Acres late^ 
Thomas Goldsmith V 
at £ 2 : 15 per Acre j 

To I Lot in Sunbur>' N' 
23 late Simon Munroe 


412: 
395 


10 






£ 807 


10 












1782 




ROBERT GRIER 


D' 






June 


19^ 


To one Lot in Sunbury 

N« 16 


510 








£ S^o 














1782 




JOHN BAKER 


D' 






June 
M 

M 
M 


19 


To a Lot in Sunburj- N'* 
22 Simon Monroe 

To ^ of 500 Acres'^ 
late Roger Kelsalls 
known by the distil- V 
lery near Sunbury at 
£ 2 per Acre J 

To }i of 500 Acres 1 
late Roger Kelsalls V 
at £ 2 : 6 per Acre j 


+50 
333 •• 

382: 


6: 
II 


8 
4 




£ 1165 


18 






SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 493 
178a PER CONTRA C' 



June 


19* 


By Bond Number 29^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per > 
Receipt 23* August 
1782 J 


807: 


10 






£ 807 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 









June 


19- 


By Bond Number 46^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per > 
Receipt 27*^ January 
1783 J 


510 








£ 510 








1 1 


1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






June 


19* 


By Bond Number 13^ 
delivered to his honor I 
the Governor as per [ 
Receipt 27 Jan^ 1783 J 


1 165 


16 






£ 1 165 


16 





494 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN JENKINS D' 



1 

June 


19 


ToaLotinSunbury N° 38 
ToaD° D° N°93 


165 
140 








^ 305 














1782 




THOMAS BAILLEY 


D' 






June 


19* 


To a Lot in Sunbury N° 
281 

1 
1 


75 








^ 75 














1782 




JAMES FIELDS 


D' 






June 


19* 


To 1 Lot in Sunbury N° 
282 


31 








^ 31 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 496 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



June 


19" 


By Bond Number 37 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec* 23^ August 1782 


305 








^ 305 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






June 


19 


By Bond Number 31^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec* [ 
II** December 1782 J 


75 








£ 75 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






June 


19 


By Bond Number 36 '^ 
delivered to his honor I 
the Gov' as per Re- [ 
ceipt 23* August 1782 J 


31 








^ 31 







496 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 WILLIAM HOUSTOUN D' 



June 



19" 



To 2500 Acres late Sir 
Patrick Honstouns on 
Cat head Creek at the 
Altamaha at £ 10 per 
Acre 



£ 25,000 



£ 25,000 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 497 
1783 PER CONTRA O 



June 



19- 



Bond Number 40 de-^ 
livered to his honor I 
the Gov' as per Re- | 
ceipt 23* August 1782 J 



25,000 



£ 25,000 



498 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

HIPWORTH CARTER 



loo Acres late James 
Westley at 19/6 per 
Acre 



97 



10 



Liberty County Sales commenced at Savannah 21^ 
October 1782 



1783 




THOMAS WHITE 


D' 






Octob' 


21" 


To 3CK) Acres late^ 
Thomas Youngs pine 
Land known by New- - 
port Ferry at £ i : lo 
10 per Acre j 


450 








£ 450 














1782 




JAMES JEFFRIES 


D' 






Octob' 


ai- 


To 250 Acres late WilO 
liamson's, a British 
Subject, joining}- 
Major Low's at 15/ j 
per Acre J 


187: 


10 






£ 187: 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 499 
PER CONTRA 



1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


21* 


By Bond Number 37 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' as per Rec' 27* 
Jan' 1783 


450 








£ 450 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


21" 


By Bond Number 43 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor, as per 
Rec' 27* Jan' 1783 


187: 


10 






£ 187: 


10 





600 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS 

178a FREDERICK RIDGLEY D' 



Oct' 


21" 


To 800 Acres late Grey ) 
Elliotts in the des- V 
erts at 21/6 per Acre) 


860 


/ 




















1782 




WILLIAM MCINTOSH 
Jun' 


D' 






Oct' 


21* 


To 6cx) Acres late Tho*^ 
Youngs on Lewis Is- 1 
land Altamaha at £2 : | 
2 per Acre j 


1260 








£ 1260 










1 


1782 




JOHN MCINTOSH 


D' 






Oct' 


2I'* 


To 500 Acres on BulH 
Town Swamp Brit- 1 
ish property at 26/ per [ 
Acre J 


650 








£ 650 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 601 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Oct' 



21' 



By Bond Number 64" 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Rec' 
1 1*' December 1782 



860 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



Oct' 



21* 



By Bond Number 42^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Receit 
the 27 Jan' 1783 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



1260 



£ 1260 



C 



Oct' 



2I* 



By Bond Number 18' 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor, as per 
Rec* 27'** Jan' 1783 



650 



'£ 650 



88 r r— vol 1 



502 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

ROBERT SALLENS D 



Dec' 


30- 


To I Brown Bay Horse "i 
late AlexanderV 
Creightons j 

To 6 head of Cattle at 
£3 : 1 per head 


21 : 
18: 


8 
6 






^ 39: 


14 












1783 




JOSIAH POWEL 


D' 






Jan' 


3' 


To 1000. Acres Land 
Late the property of 
Stead a Brittish Subject 
@ 47/ p. A. 


£2350 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 503 
PER CONTRA O 



Dec' 



30" 



By Bond number 15 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as 
per Rec* 27 Jan' 1 783 ^ 



^ 39: 



39: 



14 



14 



By Bond N* 70 Delivered 
to his honnor the Gov' 
Dated the 3*0! Jan' 1783 



^ 2350 



604 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



At a Board of Commissioners held at the Town of 
Ebenezer, for the Sales of Confiscated Estates in the 
County of Effingham on Tuesday the a* July 178a 



Commissioners Present 



John Baker 
Josiah Powel 
John M^'Lean 
Daniel Coleman 
Thomas Washington 



Elijah Clarke 
James Martin 
Peter Paris 
Thomas Lewis ' 
Charles Odingsells 



1782 




JOHN LUCAS 


D' 






July 
Mor 


a* 


To 500 Acres land late^ 
Christopher Freder- > 
ick Triebners at a/6 j 


6a: 


10 






£ 6a : 


10 













SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 605 



1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






July 


3* 


By Bond Number 46^ 
delivered to his honor I 
the Governor as per | 
Rec* 23* August 1783 J 


62: 


10 






£ 62: 


10 













506 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 CHARLES ODINGSELLS D' 



July 



Oct' 



21" 



To 50 Acres late Chris' 
F. Triebners, a mill 
seat, near Ebenezer 
at 5/ per Acre 

To 100 Acres late John ^ 
Goldwire were he re- > 
sided, at 14/ per Acre) 

To 100 Acres late John 
Gold wires at 2/ per Acre 

To 300 Acres late Abra-^j 
ham Minceys on Oge- > 
chee at 14/ per A. j 

200 Acres late William "j 
Powelsons'sideOge- > 
chee at 10/6 j 



12 



70: 



10 



210 



105 



£ 407 



10 



10 



1782 



LEWIS COPE 



D' 



July 



To 62 Acres in Ebene- ' 
zer late Chris' F. 
Triebners at £ 2 : 2 
p. A. 

To 150 Acres late 
George Weekleys at 
1/6 per Acre 

To 200 Acres late Jn"*^ 
J. Zublys about two 
miles from Savannah 
at 8/6 per Acre 



130: 



II 



8s 



£ 226 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 507 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



July 
Oct' 


2* 

21" 


By Bond Number 68^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' in Council > 
as per Rec' 27**" Jan' 
1783 J 

By Bond Number 23 \ 
delivered to his honor I 
the Gov' as per Rec' f 
27 Jan^ 1783 J 

By Bond Number 67^ 
delivered to his honor I 
the Gov' as per Rec' [ 
27 Jan^ 1783 J 

By Bond Number 65"] 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov', as per Rec' 
27JanM783 J 


12: 

80 
210 
105 


10 






£ 407 


10 








1 


1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






July 


2* 


By Bond Number 25^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec' [ 
27 Jan^ 1783 J 


226 


9 






£ 226 


9 





608 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 ELIJAH CLARKE D' 



July 


2* 


To 100 Acres late i 
Joshua Pierce at 15/6 ^ 
per Acre ) 


77: 


10 






£ 77: 


10 












1782 




FREDERICK REHM 


D' 






July 


2* 


1 

To 4CX5 Acres late Jo-'^ 
seph Johnston S° side 1 ! 
Ogechee at 15/ per 
Acre J 1 


300 








£ 300 














1782 




JAMES HABERSHAM 


D' 






July 


2* 

M 

M 


To 250 Acres late Jn' 
Grubers at 8/ per Acre 

To 1000 Acres late^j 
James Harriotts at 4/ > 
per Acre j 

To 1500 Acres late ) 
Tho' Flemmings at > 
14/6 per Acre ) 


100 
200 

1087: 


10 






'A 1387 

1 


10 


_ 



. SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 509 
i;82 PER CONTRA C 



July 


2* 


By Bond Number 78'] 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec* 27 January 1783 


77: 


10 






£ 77: 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






July 


2' 


By Bond Number 10^ 
delivered his honor 
the Governor, as per > 
his Receipt 9"" April 
1783 J 


300 








£ 300 














1782 




PER CONTRA 









July 


2' 


By Bond Number 44^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec* [ 
23* August 1782 J 


1387: 


10 






£1387: 


10 





510 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

178a GASPER GRINER IK 



July 


2* 


To 150 Acres late"> 
James Harriott at 9/ > 
per. Acre j 


67: 


10 






'£ 67 


10 












1782 




CALEB HOWEL 


D' 






July 
Oct' 
Dec 


2* 

21- 
2* 


1 

To 100 Acres late Phil- ^ 
lip Dills at 15/ per > 
Acre ) 

To 100 Acres late Phil- ) 
lip Dills at 8/ per V 
Acre j 

To a Blacksmith Bel- ) 
lows and Anvil late > 
P. Dills ) 


75 
40 

25: 


10 






£ 140 


10 












1782 




JAMES RYAN 


D' 






July 


2* 


To 50 Acres late James 
Harriotts an Island in 
Savannah River at 9/ 
per Acre 


22 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 611 
1782 -PER CONTRA O 



July 


2' 


By Bond 26 N° delivered 
to his honor the Gov' 
as per Rec* 27 Jan' 

J 783 


67: 


10 






£ 67 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






July 
Oct' 
Dec' 


2* 

21'* 

2^ 


By Bond Number 85 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Rec* 
27 Jan' 1783 

By Bond Number 86^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec* [ 
27 Jan^ 1783 J 

By Bond Number 84 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov* as per Rec* 27 
Jan' 1783 


75 
40 

25: 


10 






£ 140 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






July 


2* 


By Bond Number 45 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Receipt 
23* August 1782 


22 : 


10 





612 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 DAVID HARRIS D' 



July 


2' 


To 150 Acres late Phil- ^ 
lip Dills at 2/ per > 
Acre j 


15 








^ 15 














1782 




JOSEPH CLAY 


D' 






July 


2' 


To 500 Acres on OgeO 
chee late John Gra- V 
hams at 6/ per Acre j 

To 500 Acres joining the 
above late Jn"* Grahams 
at 6/ per Acre 


150 
150 








£ 300 














1782 




JOSEPH WOODRUFF 


D' 






July 


2* 


To 500 Acres on Oge-^ 
chee late Henry Mon- V 
roe at 5/6 per Acre j 


137: 


10 






£ 137 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 518 
1783 PER CONTRA C 



July 


2* 


By Bond Number 27^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rect f 
27 Jan' 1783 J 


15 








£ 15 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C' 






July 


3* 


By Bond Number 11^ 
delivered to his honor i 
the Gov' as per Rec* ( 
II Dec' 1782 J 


300 








£ 300 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 


• 




July 


2* 


By Bond Number 8 deO 
livered to his honor 

. the Governor, as per > 
Receipt 9* April 
1783 J 


137 


10 






^ 137 


10 





614 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 WILLIAM OBRYEN D' 



July 


2* 


To 3jO Acres late) 
Chris' Fred* Trieb- [• 
ners at 14/ per Acre ) 

To 600 Acres late Jn'^ 
J. Zublys near Mid- I 
dlesex ferry at 36/ p' j 
Acre J 


845 
1080 








^ I3«5 














1783 




THEOPHILUS LUN- 
DAY 


D' 






July 


2* 


To 250 Acres land, late ) 
Phillip Dills Sen' at V 
3/ P' Acre j 

To 75 Acres late Phillip 
Dilb at 2/ per Acre 


37: 
7: 


10 
10 








RICHARD WYLLY 












6 head Cattle late Christ' 
F. Triebner at £5: i 
per head 


30 


6 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 615 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



July 


2* 


By Bond Number 43 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov* as per Rec* 23 
Aug' 1782 - . 


1325 








£• 1325 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






July 


2* 


By Bond 












PER CONTRA 





















616 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Effingham County Sales commenced at Savannah 21"' 
October 1783 



1782 



JOHN LECRAFT 



Oct' 



21* 



To 150 Acres, late"^ 
George Weekleys on 
Great Ogechee at 6/6 
per Acre _ 




SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 617 



1783 



PER CONTRA 



Oct' 



21" 



By Bond Number 9 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Receipt 9* April 
1783 



£ 48: 



48: 



15 



15 



S4r r-Toll 



618 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN LOVE D' 



Octob' 


21" 


To 1000 Acres, late ) 
Peter Blythe at 7/6 V 
per Acre ) 


375 








^ 375 














1783 




LUKE MANN 


1 D' 






Octob' 


21- 


To 300 Acres, late ^ 
Greenwood and Hig- > 
ginsonat 15/ per Acre ) 


225 








£ 235 














1782 




ABRAHAM RAVOT 


D' 






Octob' 

M 
Dec 

Jan^ 
1783 


21- 

2 

2* 

M 


To 30 Acres, late Phillip 
Dills at 28/ per Acre 

To 5 head of Sheep late 
Phillip Dills at 52/ per 
head 

To 7 head of hogs late 
Jn® Nappers 

To 9 D"" D"" late Theo' 
Triplets 

To 375 Acres late^ 
James Pace's at £1 : V 
13 per Acre j 


42: 

13 

I 

I 

618: 


15 






£ 675: 


15 

1 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 619 
1782 PER CONTRA C' 



Octob' 



21« 



By Bond Number 19^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as 
per Rec' 27*^ Jan^ 
1783 



375 



^ 375 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



OctoV 



21" 



By Bond Number 70^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Rec* 
II*** Dec' 1782 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



225 



\^ 225 



Octob' 



Dec' 



Jan^ 



21" 



2* 



3* 



1783 



By Bond Number 82^ 
delivered to his hon- ! 
or the Governor as j 
per Rec* Jan^ 27 1783 J 

By bond Number 4 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as 
per Rec' 9*** April 

. 1783 

By Bond Number 27^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as 
per Rec* 9'*" April 
1783 



42 



15 



618; 



£ 675; 



15 



15 



620 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JAMES THOMPSON D' 



Octob' 
M 


21" 


To 2500 Acres, late^ 
John Mullryncs at > 
6/6 per Acre J 


813 


10 






£ 812 


10 












1782 




CHRISTOPHER HIL- 
LARY 


D' 






Octob' 
M 


21- 


To 200 Acres, late Tho''^ 
Flemmings on G. 1 
Ogechee at 4/6 per 
Acre J 


45 








^ 45 














1782 




FRANCIS TENNEL 


D' 






Octob' 
M 


21" 


To 150 Acres, late^ 
Thomas Flemmings 1 
on Great Ogechee at [ 
12/ per Acre j 


90 








£ 90 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 621 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Octob' 


21- 


By Bond Number 54 de- ^ 
livered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec' | 
a7JanM783 J 


8ia: 


10 






£ 8i2 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


21" 


By Bond Number 7 2 de- ^ 
livered to his honor ( 
the Gov' as per Rec' f 
II* Dec' 1782 J 


45 








^ 45 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Octob' 


21" 


.By Bond Number 24 de-^ 
livered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Rec' 
27" Jan' 1783 J 


90 








£ 90 




_ 



622 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 ELIZABETH CRONELBURGH D' 



Ocr 


21"* 


To 100 Acres, late'^ 
Jonathan Baucher, a 1 
British Soldier at £2 [ 
per Acre J 


200 






















1782 




STEPHEN JOHNSTON 


D' 






Dec' 


2- 


To 5 head of Cattle, late 
William Coopers 

To 8 head cattle late 
Henry Coopers 

To 2 head Cattle, late 
Sam* Cowper's 


9: 

57: 
2 


I 
10 






£ 68 


II 













SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 523 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Oct' 


21" 










1782 




PER CONTRA 


Q 


1 

I 


Dec' 


2* 


By Bond Number 89' 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per [ 
Rec* a; Jan' 1783 J 


68: 


1 
II 






£ 68: 


II 














OF THE '" \ 

UNIVERS^-.Y j 



524 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Sales of Confiscated Estates, held at John Thomas, 
plantation, for Burke' County, 2* September 1782. 

Commissioners Present 

Thomas Lewis, Hugh Lawson 

Elijah Clarke, Caleb Howel 

Daniel Coleman, Abraham Ravot 

James Martin, John M* Lean 

Charles Odingsells 
Purchasers Names 



1782 WILLIAM M'INTOSH JUN' 



D' 



Sept' 
M 

M 



Jan' 

M 

ept' 



•| 



To 600 Acres late John 
Thomas, where he re 
sided at £2 per Acre 

To 100 Acres late 
Robert Millers join- 
ing the above Tract 
at 26/ per Acre 

To 200 Acres late 
George Kingcades on 
Savannah River at 
£4 : 3 per Acre 

To 1 000 Acres late^ 
Robert Hendersons 
on Boggy gut and Sa- 
vannah River at 3/6 
p' A. 

To I Desk, I Table, i 
bed Stead, i Grind 
Stone I pair Hand V 
Mill Stones late Jn' ( 
Thomas's I 



To 450 Acres late Rus-^ 
sells near Bryar Creek > 
at £2 : 7 per Acre j 



1200 



130 



830 



175 



21 



£ 2356: 



1057 



^ 3414 



10 



10 



10 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 626 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



Sept' 



Jan' 



Sept 



Sept' 



By Bond Number 29^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor, as 
per Rec' II Dec' 1782^ 

By Bond Number 63' 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Gov' as per 
Rec* 27 Jan' 1783 

By Bond Number 30^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Gov' as per 
Rec' Dec' 1782 

By Bond Number 56'' 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Receipt 27 Jan' 1783 



2160 



175 



21 



1057 



^ 3414 



10 



10 



526 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 REYMOND DEMERIE D' 



Sep' 

1783 
Jan^ 

M 


2* 
3- 


To 1000 Acres late") 
Lachlan M'Gilli- 
vray's opposite Math- ! 
ew's Bluff on Savan- 
nah River at £ 4 : i 
p' Acre 

To 500 Acres late John' 
Jameison joining 
lands Stephen Smiths 
at £3:17 p. A j 

To 420 Acres late Hen-^ 
ry Sharps, on Savan- 
nah River known by > 
the Redhouse at £ 4 : 
5 per Acre J 

To 700 Acres late Jn° ) 
Jameisons Pine land > 
at 1/ per Acre ) 


4050 

1925 
1785 

35 






1782 




JAMES STALLINGS 


D' 






Sept' 


2* 


To 750 Acres late Da-' 
vid Russells on 
Rocky comfort at 9/ 
p' Acre 

To 200 Acres late' 
James Robertsons in 
Queensboro Town- > 
ship on dry Creek at 
6/6 per Acre 

To 1 50 Acres late" 
Thomas Betty in 
Queensboro Town- j 
ship at 5/5 p. A. j 

To 20 head Cattle late) 
Gilbert Fyfe branded \ 
G. F j 


3:37 

65 

37: 
270 


10 
10 






£ 710 


00 





SALES OP CONFISCATED ESTATES. 627 
1783 PER CONTRA C 



Sept' 

3* Jan' 
1783 


2^ 


By bond Number 26^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor, as > 
per Receipt 1 1** De- 
cember 1782 J 

By Bond N°34delivO 
ered to his honor the 1 
Governor, as per Re- [ 
ceipt 27*^ Jan' 1783 J 

By Bond and Mortgage 
delivered Seth John 
Cuthbert as ^ Receit 


4050 

3645 
^ 35 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






Sept' 


2- 


By Bond Number 46 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Re- 
ceipt II*** Dec 1782 

By Bond Number 76^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per ► 
Receit the 27*** Jan^ 
1783 j 


440 
270 








£ 710 







628 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 THOMAS GLASCOCK D' 



Sept' 


2* 


To 400 Acres late John ^ 
Robinson's on Bryer > 
Creek at 12/ per Acre ) 

To 400 Acres late Pe-^ 
ter Blythe's on 1 
Rockey Creek at £ i : | 
11 per Acre J 


240 
620 






1782 




JAMES HAWKINS 


D' 






Sept' 


2* 


To 500 Acres, late^ 
Daniel Howels, on 1 
Rockey Creek at X i : | 
12 per Acre J 


800 






1782 




FREDERICK ROLFS 


D' 






Sept' 
Jan^ 


2- 
3* 


To 150 Acres late^ 
James Herberts were 1 
he kept Tavern at [ 
13/ per Acre J 

To 400 Acres late James 
Herberts at 6/ per Acre 


97: 
120 


ID 






£ 217: 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 529 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Sept' 


2* 


By Bond Number 42^ 
delivered to his hon- 1 
or the Governor, as f 
per Receipt 11*** De- 
cember 1782 J 


560 






1782 




PER CONTRA 









Sept' 


2* 


By Bond Number 48"] 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor, as V 
per Receipt 11* De- 
cember 1782 


840 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 




Sept' 


2* 


By Bond Number 80^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per f 
Receipt 27 Jan^ 1783 J 

By Bond Number 79 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Receipt 
27"^ Jan^. 1783 


97: 

120 


1.0 






£ 217 


10 





530 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 JAMES HABERSHAM D' 



Sept' 



M 



M 



M 



To 300 Acres,late James ^ 
Herberts on Savan- 
nah River claim'd by 
W" Gibbons at 28/ 
per Acre 

To 300 Acres late Pe- 
ter Blythe on Savan- 
nan River at ^3:1 
per Acre. 

To 1000 Acres late^ 
Alexander Wylly'son I 
Ogechee at 4/6 per f 
Acre J 

To 1000 Acres, late Jo-'^ 
s i a h Taatnels o n 
Rocky Creek at i/per 
Acre 



420 



915 



235 ^ 



50 



£ 1190 



1782 



JAMES M-KAY 



D' 



Sept' 



To 300 Acres late Rob- 
ert Henderson's on 
Savannah River at 
^3- 15 per Acre 



lias 



1782 



OLIVER MARTIN 



D' 



Sept' 



To 150 Acres late Wil-^ 
liam Belfair on Du- 
harts Creek at 14/ per 
Acre 



105 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 631 
1788 PER CONTRA C 



Sept' 


2' 


By Bond Number 6 de-^ 
livered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per [ 
Receipt 13*^ July 1783 j 


1190 








£ 1190 














1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sept' 


2' 


By Bond Number 32 de- "^ 
livered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec* 27**'Jan^ 1783 J 


£ 1125 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sept' 


2* 


By Bond Number 79 de-'^ 
livered to his honor 
the Governor the 11 
Dec' 1782 as per Rec*^ 


105 







682 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 CHRISTOPHER HILLARY D' 



Sept' 


2* 


To 100 Acres late Jo-^ 
seph Marshalls in 
Queensbor ough ► 
Township at 5/ per 
Acre 

To 100 Acres late John 
Pigg in Queensborough 
Township at 6/ p. A. 


25 
30 








'^ 55 

1 














1782 




JAMES JACKSON 


D' 






Sept' 
M 

Jan^ 

1783 
M 


2* 

3^ 


To 200 Acres late Da-^ 
vid Greenes North 
side Bryer Creek at 
23/ per Acre J 

To 500 Acres late Charles 
Burnets on Roc key 
Comfort at 6/6 per Acre 


«30 
162: 


10 




1872 




DANIEL M^MURPHY 


D' 




Sept' 


2* 


To 300 Acres late Phil-^ 
lip Helvinston on the I 
N. side Bryer creek f 
at 10/ p. A J 

To 650 Acres lateS 
Henry Sharps in four 
tracts at £ 1 : 5 per 
Acre 

To 400 Acres on dryi 
Creek late Joseph 1 
Marshals at 12/6 per | 
Acre J 

To 100 Acres late Jo-"^ 
seph Marshals Sen 
on Thorntons Creek 
at 6/ per Acre 

To 25 head Cattle late 
Tho' Bettys branded 
T. B 

To 35 head late James 
Robinsons. R 

To 4 head hogs-late D. 
Russells 


150 

812: 

240 

30 

107 

252 

4 


10 






^ 1595 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 583 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Sep' 



By Bond Number 67 de- " 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Re- 
ceipt the II Dec' 1782 



55 



^ 55 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



Sept' 

Jan^ 
1783 



By Bond Number 57 '^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec' 27 Jan' 1783 

By Bond Number 66^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Rec' 
27 Jan' 1783 



230 



162 : 



10 



178a 



PER CONTRA 



Sep' 



By Bond Number 80 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec' II December 

1782 

By Bond Number 81 de 
livered to his Governor 
as per Receipt 11 Dec' 
1782 



1,232: 



363 



^ii595 



10 



10 



85 rr— von 



634 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOSHUA INMAN D' 



Sept' 


2' 


To 200 Acres late Wil-^ 
liatn Hammond on 1 
lower Rockey Creek [ 
at 7/6 per Acre J 


£ 75 






178a 




FRANCIS BOIAKIN 


D' 






Sept' 


3* 


To 300 Acres late"! 
George Johnstons 
were the Quaker Road > 
crosses the big Creek 
at jC 2 per Acre J 


£ 400 






1783 




JOHN MORRISON 


D' 






Sepf 


2* 


To 150 Acres late ) 
George Johnstons at > 
6/ per Acre ) 


45 






1782 




THOMAS CHISOLM 


D' 






Sept' 


2« 


To 200 Acres late W" "j 
Reeds on dry creek > 
at 7/ per Acre j 

To 6 head of Cattle) 
late Mathew Llyle V 
branded ML ) 


70 
66 








|£ 136 




■ 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 536 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Sept' 


2* 


By Bond Number 33^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per | 
Rec' 27*^ Jan' 1783 J 


^ 75 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


e 






Sepf 


2* 


By Bond Number 78 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Receipt 11*^ Dec' 1782 


£. 400 






178a 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sept' 


a* 


By Bond Number 45^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per V 
Rec* 1 1*' December 
1782 ^ J 


£ 45 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


2- 


By Bond Number 43^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Gov' as per Rec* 
11**' Dec' 1782 

By Bond Number 44" 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec^ii^^Dec' 1782 


70 
66 








£. 136 






•^k...^.. 






^^ 



636 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

178a JARED IRVINE D' 



Sep* 
M 


2* 


To 150 Acres latc'^ 
Robert French on 1 
duhart creek at 4/6 | 
per Acre J 


^ 33: 


'5 




1782 




JOHN GREENE 


D' 






Sept' 
M 

M 


2* 


To 500 Acres late"^ 
Thomas Plemmings 
were Gasper Griner | 
lived at 20/ per Acre J 

To 1000 Acres late'^ 
Thomas Flemming's 1 
joining the above at f 
3/ per Acre J 


500 
150 








£ 650 






1782 




JAMES FLACK 


D- 






Sep' 


2* 


To 600 Acres late George 
Kingcades at 2/ per 
Acre (on Bark camp 
creek) 


60 






1782 




LEMUEL LANIER 


D' 






Sept' 


2* 


To a Negroe fellow late 
John Thomas 


£ 84 















SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 537 
1783 PER CONTRA C 



Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number 77^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec' [ 
II Dec' 1782 J 


33: 


15 




1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number 68^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as V 
per Receipt 11 Dec' 
1782 J 


650 








£ 650 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep- 


2* 


By Bond Number 21) 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per > 
Receipt the ii*^ Dec' 
1782 J 


60 






1782 




PER CONTRA 









Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number 72 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec' 27*" Jan' 1783 


£. 34 















638 REVOLUTIONAkY RECORDS. 

1782 ALEXANDER IRVINE D' 



Sepf 


2* 


To 20 head Cattle late 
Isaac Heating branded 
RH 


80 






1782 




JOHN PETTERSON 


D' 






Sepf 


2* 


To 30 head of Cattle late 
William Mangrum 
branded WM 


J£ 205 






1782 




ABNER BICKHAM 


D' 






Sep' 


2* 


To 20 head of Cattle ^ 
late Samuel Love > 
branded LOVE ) 

To 13 head of Cattle 
James Llyle branded 


180 
70 








£■ 250 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 539 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Sept' 


2* 


By Bond Number 76 de- 
livered his honor the 
Governor as per Rec' 
II* Dec' 1782 


80 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


2' 


By Bond Number 50 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' as per Rec* 11^ 
Dec' 1782 


^ 205 






1782 




PER CONTRA 









Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number 75 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' as per Rec* 11 
Dec' 1782 


250 






( 


£■ 250 







840 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

178a JOHN JONES D' 



Sep' 

Jan' 
1783 

Oct' 

1782 


2* 
3* 

21 


To 60 head of Cattle ) 
late David Russel V 
branded D R ) 

[ To 5 head of Hogs late 
Ogilvies 

To 500 Acres late^ 
Henry Sharps in* 
three Tracts at 12/6 [ 
per Acre j 

To I Grind Stone pur- ^ 
chased at the Sales > 
in Savannah J 

I. Hand Mill Stone Pur- 
chased at the Sales in 
Savannah by James 
Jones & Desire to be 
ch* to John Jones by 
Jame Jone 


605 

2: 
3": 

2: 


7 
10 

3 






£ 922: 









£. 9: 


6 




1782 




ABRAHAM RAVOT 


D' 






Sep' 


2* 


To II head Cattle late 
Jeremiah Rogers brand- 
ed R - 


65 






1782 




JOSEPH PANNEL 


D' 






Sep' 


3' 


To I Gelding late 
Thomas Bettys 


26 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 641 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number ii de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Rec* 9 
April 1783 

By Bond Number 7 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' as per Rec* 9 April 
1783 


609: 
312: 


10 
10 






£ 922 : 















1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number 6 de-^ 
livered to his honor ! 
the Governor as per [ 
Rec' 9* April 1783 J 


65 






1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


2* 


By Bond Number 49 de-^ 
livered to his honor ( 
the Gov' as per Rec' | 
II Dec' 1782 J 


26 







642 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 JOHN PALMER D' 



Oct' 


at- 


To 100 Acres late" 
Thomas Rutherfords 
on Duharts Creek 
at 15/6 per Acre 


77: 


10 




1783 




MORDECAI SHEF- 
TALL 


D' 






Jan' 


3' 


To 250 Acres, late Jo- 
seph Marshall a mile 
below old Town at 4/ 
per Acre 

To 100 Acres of late" 
Tho' Redifords on 
Lamberts big Creek, 
Queens-borough j 
Township at 7/6 per 
Acre J 


^ 50 


10 






£ 87: 


10 












1783 




CORNELIUS COLLINS 


D' 






Jan' 


3* 


To 600 Acres late Sam- ^ 
uel Parleys known by 1 
Burringtohs old Cow- J 
pens at 36/ p. Acre j 


1080 








£ 1080 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 548 
1788 PER CONTRA C 



Oct' 


21- 


By Bond Number 30 de- 
livered to his honor 
the Gov* as per Rec' 
2^'^ Jan^ 1783 


77: 


10 




1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Jan' 


3' 


By Bond Number 17 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Rec* 
27 Jan' 1783 


87: 


10 






£ 87: 


10 




178a 




PER CONTRA 


D' 






Jan' 


3* 


By Bond Number 40^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as > 
per Receipt 27*^ Jan' 
1783 J 


1080 








£ 1080 


1 





644 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 JAMES SHARP D- 



Jan' 


3* 


To 200 Acres late John 
Browns in Queens- 
borough Township 
at 5/' p. A. 


50 








£ 50 














1783 




JOHN. P. WAGNON 


D' 






Jan' 


f 


To 500 Acres late Sam-"^ 
uel Parleys on Buck- V 
head, at 6/6 per Acre j 


i6a: 


10 












1783 




SETH J. CUTHBERT 


D 






Jan' 


3' 


To 1000 Acres late Pe-^ 
ter Randolphs on Sa- . 
vannab River at £ 3 : [ 
3 p. Acre J 


3150 








^3150 














Sep' 
178a 


a* 


LUTHER HALLU- 
WELL 


D' 










50 head of Cattle late 
John Thomas 


£260 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 545 
1783 PER CONTRA C 



Jan' 


3* 


By Bond Number 20 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec' 27 Jan' 1783 


50 








i. 50 














1783 




PER CONTRA 


C' 






Jan' 


3* 


By Bond Number 66 de- ^ 
livered to his honor 
the Governor as per | 
Rec'27 Jan' 1783 J 


162: 


10 












1783 




PER CONTRA 


c 






Jan' 


3* 


By Bond Number 16 de- 
livered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec' 27 Jan' 1783 


3150 








-63150 














2* Sep' 
1782 




PER CONTRA 


C' 










By Bond N° 47 deliv- 
ered his honor the 
Gov' 


£ 260 







646 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



An Account of Confiscated Cattle, paid to men who 
was imployed by the Commissioners of Confiscated Es- 
tates, to hunt the DifiFerent Stocks of Cattle in Burk 
County, at the time of Sale 



I5'^0ct'i782 



Octob' 1782 



paid John Lawson, 4 head 
of Cattle, late George 
Johnston, as ^ his 
Receit 

paid John Irwin, 6 head 
of Cattle, late George 
Johnston, as 1^ his 
Receit 

paid Alex' Irwin 5, head 
of Cattle, late George 
Johnston, as ^ his 
Receit 

paid Hugh Irwin 5 head 
of Cattle, late George 
Johnston, as ^ his 
Receit 

paid Roger Lawson Jun' 
4 head of Cattle, late 
George Johnston, as ^ 
his Receit 

paid James Martin 4 head 
of Cattle, late George 
Johnston, as ^ his 
Receit 

paid Levi Emanuel 4 
head of Cattle, late 
Robert Miller as ^ his 
Receit 

paid Amos Emanuel 5 
head of Cattle, late 
Robert Miller as f his 
Receit 

paid Thomas Nelson 5 
head of Cattle, late 
Robert Miller as '^ his 
Receit 

paid Luther Halluwell, 
4 head of Cattle, late 
Robert Miller as ^ his 
Receit 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 647 



Sales of Confiscated Lands for the Counties of Glynn 
and Camden held at Savannah the 19* October 1782. 



-Commissioners Present- 



John Baker 
James Martin 
Josiah Powel 
John McLean 



Caleb Howel 
Hugh Lawson 
Thomas Lewis 
Abraham Ravot 



Charles Odingsells 



Purchasers Names 



1782 
Oct' ig** 



ANTHONY WALTON WHITE D' 



To 400 Acres late A. Cameys bounded N. W. by the ) 
River Altamaha at £ i: 3 p. A. ( 

To 300 Acres late A. Cameys at £1 : 13 p. A. 



To 300 D® 

To 99 D** 

To 300 D® 

To 300 D** 

To 200 D® 

To 100 D** 






at£i: 5 p. A. 
at 8/ per Acre 
at 31/ per A. 
at 14/ per Acre 
at 13/ per Acre 
at 6/ per Acre 



To 200 Acres late Kelsall & Spaldings at 13/ p. A. 



To 500 
To 500 
To 300 
To 200 
To 500 









at 20/ per Acre 
at 24/ p. A. 
at 18/ p. Acre 
at 3/6 p'. A. 
at 10/6 p. A. 



To 500 Acres late A. Cameys at £1: 11 p. A. 
To 500 D° D*> at 9/ p. A. 



£ 

460 

495 
375 
39: 
315 
210 

130 
30 
130 
500 
600 
270 

35 
262: 

775 
225 



12 



548 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



To 500 Acres late Jame" Spaldings at 16/ p. A. 
To 400 Acrea late A. Carneys at 7/ per A. 
To 600 Acres late Jn® Graham's at 6/6 p^ A. 
To 400 D® D** at7p, A. 


400 

140 

195 
140 


8 




5727 


2 








1782 


WILLIAM OBRYEN 


D' 




Oct' 


19 
M 


To 500 Acres late A. Carneys at £ i :io p. A. 
To 2600 D® late Capt. Ords at 9/6 per Acre 
To 500 Acres late Jn® Grahams at 15/ p. A. 
To 350 Acres D*» ' D*» at 11/ p. A. 
To 1000 D« D*> D« at 13/ p. A. 


750 
1235 
325 
192: 
650 


10 




£3152 


10 








178a' 


RICHARD LEAK 


D' 




Oct' 
M 
M 


19 


To 500 Acres late A. Carneys at 9/ p. A. 

To 200 D® late James Spalding at 22/ p. A, 


225 
220 


• 




ie445 





SALES OK CONFISCATED ESTATES. 649 
1788 PER CONTRA C 



Oct' 


19 


By Bond Number 35^ 
delivered to his hon- 
or as per Rec' 37* 
Jan' 1783 J 


5727 : 


3 






£ 5727 : 


2 




1782 




PER CONTRA 


c 






•Oct' 


19 


By Bond Number 65 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Re- 
ceipt II* Dec" 178a 


3152: 


10 






£> 3152 : 


10 












1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Ocr 


19* 


• 

By Bond Number 2 de-^ 
livered to his Honor 1 
the Governor as per [ 
9* April 1783 J 

By Bond Number jde-'] 
livered to his Honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec* 
9* April 1783 J 


830 




f 




£ 445 




^^ 



\ t r— Tol 1 



660 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



CHRIS' HILLARY & W M'INTOSH SEN' 
1782 D' 



Oct* 


19* 


To 150 Acres late Kel- 
sall & Spaldings at 13/ 
per Acre 

To I coo Acres late Jn* 
Poisons at 14/6 p' Acre 

To 300 Acres late Jn° 
Proctor at 12/6 p. A. 

To 150 Acres late Jn'^ 
Proctor at 8/ per Acre 


97: 

725 

187: 

60 


10 
10 






£ 1070 















1782 




RAYMOND DEMERIE 


D' 






Oct' 
M 

Jan' 


19* 
3* 


To 300 Acres late Ram* 
Demeries Jun'at 5 p. A. 

To 7cx> Acres British 
property at £ 3 : i p. A. 

To 300 Acres late Jn° 
Glenn's at 7/6 per Acre 


75 
2135 
112 : 


10 






£ 2322 


10 








1 


178a 




FRANCIS TENNEL 


D' 






Oct' 
M 

M 


19" 


To 250 Acres late A. 
Carneys at 4/6 p. A, 

To a lot in Brunswick 
late Jn^ Graham's N^ 
128 


56: 
2a 


5 






£ 78 


5 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 561 



1783 




PER CONTRA 







Oct' 


19* 


By Bond Number 71^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per | 
Ree II** Dec' 1782 J 


1070 








£ 1070 














1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Oct' 


19 


By Bond Number 69^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per j 
Recall** Dec' 1782 J 

By Bond Number 25 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov*: as per Receipt 9** 

April 1783 


2210 
112: 


10 






£ 2322: 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Oct' 


19 


By Bond Number 29^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per f 
Rec*27*^Janyi783 j 


78: 


5 






£ 78 


5 





652 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



1782 



JAMBS HABERSHAM 



EH 



Oct* 


19 


To 500 Acres late Jn'^' 
Poison known by 
Blythe Island oppo- 
posite Brunswick in ( 
Turtle River at £3 
per Acre J 


150P 








£ 1500 














1782 




ROBERT WALTON 


D' 






Oct' 


19^^ 


To 1500 Acres late Jn° ) 
Grahams at £ i : 10 > 
per Acre ) 


2250 








£ 2250 














1782 




JAMES M-KAY 


D' 






Oct' 
M 


19^ 


To 50 Acres late Jn""^ 
Poisons, called the 
Hermitage kind of > 
Island at £ 3 : I per 
Acre J 


152: 


10 






£ i5«' 


10 













SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 663 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Oct' 


19" 


By Bond Number 45^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per | 
Receipt 27 Jan'^ 1783 J 


1500 








£ 1500 














1782 




PKR CONTRA 









Oct' 


19 


By Bond Number 2 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Re- 
ceipt 11^ Dec' 1782 


2250 








£ 2250 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Oct' 


19- 


By Bond Number 66^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per > 
Receipt i!ii* Dec' 
1782 


152: 


10 






£ 152: 


10 













664 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 JOHN PETER WAGNON D' 



Oct' 



19- 



To 200 Acres late John ^ 
William Williams at > 
to/ per Acre ) 



icx> 



£ 100 



Glynn and Camden Sales^ in Savannah 3^ January 1783 



1783 




WILLIAM M-INTOSH 
JUN' 


D' 






Jan^ 


3 


To 1000 Acres late"j 
James Carsons of 
South Carolina at£ 2. | 
1.6 J 


2075 








£2075 














1782 




DANIEL M'MURPHY 


D' 






Oct' 


19* 


To 500 Acres late Ar- 
thur Carneys at 23/ 
per Acre 

To 150 Acres late Arthur 
Carneys at 17/ per Acre 

To 300 Acres late Arthur 
Carneys at 25/ per Acre 


575 

127: 
375: 


10 






£ 1077 : 


10 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 666 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Oct' 



19- 



By Bond Number 31 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov* as per Rec' 27 
Jan' 1783 



100 



£ 100 



1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Jan' 


3* 


By Bond Number 60"^ 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as } 
per Receipt 27* 
Jan' 1783 J 


2075 








£2075 














1783 


• 


PER CONTRA 


C 






Ocf 


19* 


By bond number 55 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Gov' as per Receipt 27* 
Jan' 1783 


1077: 


10 






£ 1077 : 


10 





556 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Salei^ oi Confiscated Lands in Rklunend County, held 
at Augusta lo** September 178a. 



Commissioneis Present 
Peter Paris Elijah Clajrkc 



James Martin 
Thomas Lewis 
Hugh Lawson 
Abraham Ravot 



Daniel Coleman 
John M^'Lean 
Charles Odingsells 
Caleb Howel 



1782 WILLIAM MCINTOSH JUN' D' 



Sept' 
M 


10* 


To one Moity or half 1 
of Spirit Creek saw > 
mills ) 


505 








^ 505 














178? 




JOHN TWIGG 


D' 






Sep' 


10* 


To 450 Acres late John'^ 
Jameison's known by I 
New Savannah at [ 
£9: 10 p. A, j 


4275 








^ 4275 












■■ 


1782 




ROBERT WALTON 


D' 






Sep' 


10" 


To 350 Acres late Jn""^ 
Charles Lecenas join- 
ing lands of George V 

' Whiches at £4: 10 
per Acre J 


1575 








^ 1575 







SALES OF CONPISCATED ESTATES. 65T 



1782 



PER CONTRA 



Sep- 


10* 


By Bond Number 40^ 
delivered to bis honor 1 
the Governor as per [ 
Rec* II* Dec' 1782 J 


505 








^ 505 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


10* 


By Bond Number i6"| 
delivered to his honor I 
the Governor as per ( 
Rec' 9* April 1783 J 


4275 








^4275 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


10* 


By Bond Number 3 de-^ 
livered to his Honor 1 
the Gov' as per Rec' [ 
11 Dee 1782 j 


1575 








£ X575 







/>68 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 CHESLEY BOSTICK D' 



Sep' 


10 


To 500 Acres late Rev*^ 
James Seymour 
whereon is a large }- 
dwelling house at £7: 
I per Acre J 


3525 








^3535 














1782 




SAMUEL JACK 


D' 






Sep' 


lO'' 


To a Lot in the Town- \ 
ship of Augusta N* 

15- 1 

> 

50 Acres at £ 7 : 15 per 
Acre late Martin 
Weatherfords J 

To a lot late Martin*^ 
Weatberford in Au- I 
gusta N* 4. 50 Acres j 
at£47p. A. J 


387: 
3350 


10 






^ 3737 


10 












1782 




THOMAS HAMILTON 


D' 






Sep' 


lO^*^ 


To 100 Acres late^ 
Martin Weatherfords 
on Reids Creek, join- 
ing lands of the Wid- 
ow Wood at 17/ per 
Acre 


85 








£ 85 

1 


• 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 669 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Sep' 


10* 


By Bond Number 15 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Rec* 
9* April 1783 


3525 








^3525 














1783 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


i<y* 


By Bond Number 24 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Rec' 
9**^ April 1783 


2737: 


10 






£ 3737 : 


IC 












1782 




PER CONTRA 









Sep' 


10* 


By Bond Number 21 de- 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Rec* 
9* April 1783 


85 






• 


£ 85 







660 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1782 LEONARD MAR^RRY D* 



Sep' 


10* 


To 50 Acres in the^ 
TolTO of Augusta late 
Jatnes Grietsoiiy > 
known by Griersons 
Fort at £ 51 per Acre J 


2550 








^2550 




• 










1783 




ARCHIBALD OFPERT 


D' 






Sep' 


10* 


To 100 Acres late James 
Griersons, on the Kio- 
kas joining Lands Coll : 
Gardens at 22/6 per 
Acre 


112: 


10 






£ 112: 


10 












178a 




JOHN MILLEDGE 


D' 






Sep' 


10*^ 


To 200 Acres late An-^ 
drew More's were he 1 
resided at £g per | 
Acre J 


1800 








£ 1800 







SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 661 
1782 PER CONTRA O 



Stp 


10* 


By Bond Number i De- ^ 
liver'4 to his honor 
the Qovenior as per > 
Receipt 13?!" July 
1783 J 


9550 








*a550 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


lO* 


By Bond Number 14 
deliver^ tx> his honor 
the Goverow as per 
Rec* 9*^ April 1783 


119: 


10 






£ 113: 


10 












1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep' 


10* 


By Bond Namber 13^ 
delivered to his hosDr 1 
the 007* as per Re- 1 
cdpt 9* April 1783 J 


1800 








£ 1800 







662 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 CLEMENTIUS DAVIS D' 



Sep' 
M 


10* 


To 1 50 Acres late John ^ 
Glenns, known by I 
Claybourns Mill seat | 
at 30/ per A. J 


225 








£ 225 














1782 




THOMAS MOORE 


D' 






Sepf 


10* 


To 300 Acres late John 
Jameison^s known by 
Walnut point Planta- 
tion at £ 3: 13 p. A. 


1095 


1 






£ 1095 














1782 




JOHN PETER 
WAGNON 


D' 






Oct' 


19' 

i 


To 150 Acres late'^ 
George Bailies near 
Augusta at 36/ per [ 
Acre J 


266. 


5 






£ 266: 


5 













SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 663 
1782 PER CONTRA C 



Sep' 


10 


By Bond Number 20 de- 
livered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Receipt 9"" April 1783 


225 








£- 225 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Sep^ 


10* 


By Bond Number 19^ 
delivered to his honor 1 
the Governor as per ( 
Rec* 9 April 1783 J 


1095 








i- 1095 














1782 




PER CONTRA 


C 






Oct' 


19* 


By Bond Number 53 de- 
livered to his honor 
the Governor as per 
Rec'ii^Dec' 1782 


266: 


5 






£ 266: 


5 













■564 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 WILLIAM MATHEWS D' 



Sep' 


i&^ 


To 500 Acres, kte^ 
James Grierson lying 
on the Swamp near I 
Rockey Creek about [ 
4 Miles from Augusta 
at 26/ per Acre J 

To 400 Acres late"^ 
Lewis Johnston Sen' 
adjoinisi^JcAn Wests | 
land at 15/ per Acre j 


£ 650 
300 








£ 950 














1782 




ROBERT BONNER 


D' 






Sep' 


10^ 


To A Town I^t in Au- 
gusta late Jn* Grahams 

To A Town Lot in Au- 
gusta late Lach' WGH- 
livrays 


I20 
310 








£ 430 














1782 




DANIEL M-MURPHY 


ly 






Sep' 


lO*^ 


To 2 houses in Augusta 
late Ja* Ingram's 


£ 225 


: 


• 


1782 




JOHN LAMAR 


D' 






Sept' 


lO'' 


To 300 Acres of land late 
James Grierson lying 
on Rockey Creek where 
the Bridge is at 8/ per 
Acr^ • 


£ 120 


00 












£ 120 




_ 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. e66 







CONTRA 


C 


r 








By Bond Number i8"j 
delivered to his honor 
the Governor as per > 
Rec* the 9* April 

1783 J 


950 


• 






X 950 












. 


1782 




CONTRA 


c 






Sep' 


IO» 


By bond Number 3 de-"j 
livered his honor the I 
Gov' as per Receipt f 
13* July 1783 J 


430: 


. 


: 






















CONTRA 




















178a 




PER CONTRA 


e 






Sep 


10* 








1 



87 r r-TOll 



666 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
ROGER CANNON 



f 




30 Acres late Edward 
Ash ton about 4 miles 
from Augusta on the 
Quakers Road at 22/ 
per Acre 


33 










GEORGE HANDLEY 








'' 




450 Acres late W" Man- 
son's known by Isaac 
Jackson said to be ex- 
ceedinggood high land 
at £3 : 5 per Acre 


1462 : 


10 








THOMAS GLASCOCK 


- 










200 Acres late William 
Manson in Wrightsbor- 
ough township, with a 
good Log house at 21/ 
per Acre 

200 Acres late George 
Johnston on little River 
at 8/6 per Acre 

300 Acres late Doct' Peter 
Walsh on the Great 
Kioka adjoining Clay- 
bourne Mill seat at £2 
p' Acre 

500 Acres late Sir James 
Wrights adjoining 
lands Jon* Scill at 10/ 
per Acre 


210: 
«5 

^ 250 








SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 567 



Sales of confiscated Lands in Wilks County, held at 
Coll : Micajah Williamson's the 20*** September 1783 



Commissioners Present 

Daniel Coleman, Thomas Lewis 

John M* Lean, Hugh Lawson 

Caleb Howel Abraham Ravot 
James Martin 



6«8 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 WILUAM M'INTOSH JUN' jy 



Sept' 
M 

If 



20" 



s late^ 
n's on I 
at£i: f 

J 



To 100 Acres late'' 

Thomas Waters, on 

a place called Log 

Fort at £2:11 p' 
Acre 

To i^ Acres 
Henry William 
Pishing creek 
16 per Acre 

To 200 Acres late Dan- 
iel Phillips on the 
Ridge between Ket- 
tle and Long Creek 
@ 19 p' Acre 

To aoo Acres late Sam- 
uel Wilkins adjoining 
lands Rich* Webb on 
Mill Stone Creek at 
21/ per Acre 



255 



1800 



190 



210 



^ «455 



1782 



SOLOMON NEWSON 



D' 



Sep' 



20" 



1782 



Sep' 



To 100 Acres late John^ 
Furlow on little Bry- 
ar creek and Savan- 
nah Road at 7/ per 
Acre 



^ 35 



THOMAS GLASCOCK! 



^ 35 



20** 



To 400 Acres late Reu-^ 
ben Sheralds, on sher- 
aids creek at 41/ per 
Acre 



£ 820 



To 400. Acres late Rue- 
bin Sheralds on Sher- 
alds Creek ©19/7 391 ^3 4 

To 850. Acres late W" 
Jones of Savannah on 
Waters of fishing Creek 

@4/ I 17c 

(The aboT6 entered in another Book— Wilki €k^ fo 1 in blue book 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 689 
178a CONTRA C' 



Sep' 



20* 



By Bond Number 39 de 
livered to his honor the 
Governor as per Re- 
ceipt 11**^ Dec' 1782 

Mortgs^e for £1260^ 
fi Contra is given by > 
Lachlan M'Intosh ) 



1782 



Sep*- 



20" 



1782 



2455 



^ 1455 



CONTRA 



By Bond Number 5 
delivered to his hon- 
or the Governor as 
Receipt 13**^ July 1783 



35 



35 



CONTRA 



Sep' 



20^ 



By Non Compliance for 
400 acres land Ruben 
Sheralds- 



820 



570 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 ZACHARAH LAMAR D' 



Nov' 



II* 



400 Acres land late the 
pro^ of Th- Waters En- 
tered in a Nother Book 

blue book Wilkes 
County fo . 

DJ 



£ 211 



1783 



DANIEL GAINS 



Nov' 



II" 



To 500 : Acres land late 
J : Gordan— @f 8/8 p' 
Acr 

500 ditto. Burton Cabin s 
@ 10/6 

500 ditto, above Chucka- 
saw @ 9/ 

Entered in another Book 
as above 

DJ 







ai6: 


13- 


262: 


10: 


225: 


• 



1783 



HOLMS FREEMAN 



D' 



Nov 



ir 



To 500. Acres land late 
pro^ of James Gordan 
Adjoining Chickasaw 
Creek @ @ 14/. 

500. Acres late John 
Howard on falling 
Creek @ 6/8 



as above 



DJ 



^350: 



166: 



13 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 5T1 
CONTRA C 



CONTRA 



CONTRA 



C 



572 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

WILLIAM CANDLER D' 



1783 

Nov 




To 500 Acres land late 
the pro' of John 
Howard on falling 
Creek @ 6/8 

folio 2-as above 
DJ 


£ 166: 


«3 


4 






FRANCIS COUR-. 
VOISIE 


D' 






1783 
Nov 


II 


To 3CX> Acres land on lit- 
tle River at the mouth 
of Jumping Branch late 
the pro' of J* Howard 

@ 7/3 

blue book Wilkes 
County f • 2 

DJ: 


107: 


10: 


• 






RICHARD ACOCK 


D' 







1783 

Nov' 



To 100: Acres land late 
Wm. Manson. on 
Rocky Creek- Run for 
a Mill Seat @ 2/6 



as above 



DJ 



12: 



10: 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 673 
CONTRA C 



CONTRA 



CONTRA 



574 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 JOSEPH PENNAL D' 



Nov 


II. 


To 500. Acres late Wil- 
liam Manson known by 
the three Spring ® 16/ 
as above 
DJ: 


400: 


- '' 




1783 




MICAJAH WIL- 
LIAMSON 


! "" 






Nov' 


II. 


To. 200. Acres land late 
Daniel Phillips on the 
Ridge Between Kettle 
Creek & long Creek @ 

as above 
DJ: 


1 

35: 


16: 


8: 


1783 




NATHEN BARNET 


D' 






Nov' 


II- 


To. 100. Acres land late 
the pro^ of Ab" Wil- 
kins North side of 
Broad River adjoining 
land of Nathen Barnet 

@4/2 

f * 3- above 
D J 


£ 20. 


16. 


8. 


1783 




WILLIAM KELLY 


D' 






Nov' 


II 


To 300. Acres late Ed- 
ward Crawford on the 
North Side of Ogechee 
at the mouth of long 
Creek @ 16/3 
blue book Wilkes 
County fo 3. 
D J: 


243 •• 


15: 


- 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 576 
CONTRA C 



CONTRA 



CONTRA 



CONTRA 



67« REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Richmond County. 
1783 CHESLEY BOSTICK D' 



Nov' 


,18**^ 


To 300 : Acres of land 
late John J e m i s n 
Known by Walnut 
Plantation ® £3:19/. 

200 : Acres more or less 
late James Seymore 
pine land @ 20/1 

I : par hand Mill Stone 
late James Seymore 

Ent in another Book — 

blue book Richmond 
county £• / 

j 


1185 

200: 
4: 


16: 
10: 


8: 

I. 


1783 




JOHN TWIGGS 


D' 






Nov' 


18 


To 450. Acres land late 
John Jemison New Sa- 
vannah Plantation @ 
£8: 1/ 

as above 

D J: 


£ 3622 


10 


- 


1783 




GEORGE WYCHE 


D' 






Nov' 


18 


To 350 : Acres land late 
John lucena @ £5 : 16/. 

as above 

D J 


£ 2030 : 


-: 


- 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 67.7 



CONTRA 



















CONTRA 
























CONTRA 





















678 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1783 ROBERT WALTON D' 



Nov' 


18- 


To 500. Acres land late 
James Seymore with 
Dweling house at £7 : 3 

600 Acres late Basil Coop- 
er on Rockey Creek ^ 
lO/l _ 


^ 3575 ' 
302: 


10: 






as above 
DJ 




1783 




EDWARD TELFAIR 


D' 






Nov' 


18* 


To a lot in the Township 
of Augusta N* 15. Con- 
taining 50 Acres late 
Martin Weatherford 
Bounded by lands of 
William Glascock @ 
£ 15. per Acre 

E 
blue book Richmond 
County f 2 

DJ 


750: 


-: 




1783 




CORNELAS DYSART 


D' 






Nov' 


18 


To. 1350: Acres land late 
William Manson & for- 
merly the pro^ of W" 
Candler @ 38/9 

300. acres late Doct' Pe- 
ter Welsh on the Great 
Kioke adj" Claborne 
mill Seat @ 70/ 

200: Acres late James 
Greyson on the big Ki- 
oke adjoining land of 
Cartlidge @ 13 /i 

E as above D J 


£ 2615 : 
1050: 
130 


12. 
16 


6. 
8 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 579 
CONTRA C 



CONTRA 



CONTRA 



e 



680 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
1783 GEORGE WALTON D' 



Nov' 


I8^ 


To: 250. Acres land late 
Martin Weatberford ad- 
joining lands of W* 
Bugg & Peter Turkey- 
net @ 53/- 

150: Acres late George 
Bailie Near the Town 
of Augusta @ 47: 

100. Acres late L: M'- 
GUlvery on Reeds Mill 
Creek @ 61/ 


662: 

352: 
300: 


10: 

10: 

8, 


4 




E 

as above 
D J 


1783 




DANIEL WALLICON 


D' 






Nov 


18. 


To 100. Acres land late 
Martin Weatberford on 
Reids Mill Creek ad- 
joining Weddon Woods 
@ 10/ 


50: 








450. Acres late W" Man- 
son and Known by tbe 
of W" Jackson's 

Entered in anotber Book 

blue book Ricbmond 
County f^ 3, 

DJ 





SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 581 
CONTRA C 



















CONTRA 


C' 
















I 

i 

i 



88 r r~T0l 1 



582 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



An Account of Lands, sold, by the Commissioners 
of Confiscated Estates, in the town of Augusta, on 
Tuesday the 13**' and Wensday the fourteenth day of 
Sept' 1785, in the Counties of Richmond and Burk — 



Richmond County Sales. Sept' 13"^ 

1785 

JOHN GARRET D' 

To. 600 Acres of land late John Jem- 
isons, bounded Southeast by land 
of Middleton. all other sides va- 
cant at the time of Survey, at 2/6 
f Acre -•--.. 

To 500 Acres of land Ute Charles 
William M* Kennen, bounded 
southeast by land of John Jones, 
and Southwest partly by John 
Jones, at 3/2 '^ Acre .-. 

To 513 Acres late Lewis Johnstons, 
in Wrightsborough Township 
bounded Norwest by land on little 
River, Northeast by John Graham, 
at 6/ fi Acie .. .. 

To 1285 Acres late Sir James Wrights 
in Wrightsborough Township, 
bounded east by land of John Gra- 
ham Hunter, Samuel Oliver, 

Northeast by Joseph Stubbs, West 
by the old Indian path. South by 
Francis Jones, at 4/4 "^ Acre 

To 500 Acres late James Humes — 
bounded Noreast by little River 
and land of Hatton Middleton, 
Southeast partly by land of John 
West, at 4/2^ Acre 



75 



77 



153 



278 



104 
688 



18 



II 



SALES OK CONFISCATED ESTATES. 583 



CONTRA 



13* Sept' 
1785 



By Bond and Mortgage N° 73, 



£ 688; 



£. 688; 



II : 



II.: 



684 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

THOMAS GLASCOCK D' 



13** Sept' 1 To 350 Acres of land 
1785 / late William Johnstons , 
Lying on a branch of K^ Creek, 
adjoining land of James Orric, at 
5/1 IP Acre 

To 500 Acres late Alexander Ingles, 
bounded Southwest, by land of 
M' Bugg, Southeast by land of 
James Story, at 16/ ^ Acre 



£ 88 



400 



19 



£ 488 



19 



JAMES STALLINGS D' 



IS*" Sept' 
1785 



To 500 Acres of land late John Mul- 
rynes, and Josiah Tatnalls, bound- 
ed Norwest by land Vacant. East 
by John Tinkler. Southwest by 
Andrew Jones, and Northeast by 
Benjamin Wilkinson, at 3/6 ^ Acre 

To 500 Acres late Charles William 
M*'Kennen, bounded north by land 
of James M^'Parland, and east by 
land late John Graham's and John 
Dennis's at 3/6 ^ Acre 

To 500 Acres late James Humes 
bounded Northeast partly by land 
of Mr. Swint and Southeast by 
land of Samuel Germany at 4/9 
« Acre 




SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 686 



^3*^^P*' CONTRA 


C 






By bond and Mortgage N° 78 


£ 488 


19 


2 




£ 488 


19 


2 



^^178?*' CONTRA 



By bond and Mortgage N° 73 




686 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

jf Sept' 



1785 



JAMES M. STUART 



To 500 Acres of land late Charles 
William M*Kennen, bounded on all 
sides by vacant land at the time of 
Survey at 0/8 "^ Acre .... 

To 300 Acres late James Humes, 
bounded by vacant land on all sides 
at the time of Survey, at 0/6 i^ Acre 


£ 16 

7 


13 
10 


4 




£ 24 


3 


4 



13^ Sept' 
1785 



JOHN KING 



To 500 Acres of land late Charles Wil 
liam M*Kennen, bounded by vacant 
land on all sides at the time of Sur 
vey @ 1/7 1^ Acre 



To 100 Acres late William Mansons, 
Situate in Wrightsborough Town- 
ship bounded Northeast by land of 
Mordecai Moore, partly Norwest and 
Southwest by land of Edward 
Eckles, at lo/i ^ Acre 




13**' Sept' 
1785 



JESSE SANDERS 



D' 



To 500 Acres of land late Charles 
William M'Kennen, bounded north- 
easterly by land of Hugh Middleton 
Southwest by land of M' Read. South 
by John Germany at 6/1 ^ Acre__. 




SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 587 



14* Sept' 



1785 w^.x^r. 


C 


r 




By Audited Certificates 


£ 24: 


3: 


A 








£ 24: 


3: 


4 



13"" Sept' 



1785 ^^^^^^r. 


e 






By bond and Mortgage N*' 85 

By Audited Certificates 


^ 39 
50 


II 
8 


8 
4 


- 


£ 90 


00 






13'" Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By bond and Mortgage N° 79. 




588 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS- 



13*^ Sepr 
1785 



NEHAMIAH WADE 



To 100 Acres of land late John Light- 
ingston. bounded Southeast by land 
of Robert Co wen. Noreast by 
land run by William Candler. 
Norwest by land of George Upton, 
and Daniel M'Carty, @ 6/ i f^ Acre 



45 



45 



12 



12 



13**^ Sepr 
1785 



ROBERT FORSYTHE 



D' 



To icxx) Acres of land late George 
Bailies, bounded Southeasterly by 
land of said Bailie at i / 6 ^ Acre 



75 



75 



13^ Sept' 
1785 



NATHANIEL PERREA D' 



To 500 Acres of land late Basil Coop- 
er Bounded Southeast by land of 
John Crawford and Thomas Groves, 
Southeast by land of George Dickey, 
Northwest by land of Thomas 
Johnston formerly Joseph Parleys, 
@ 5 / 6 f> Acre 




^ 137 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 589 



i3» Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



Cr 



By Audited Certificates 



13* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By bond and Mortgage N* 75 



IS* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



^ 45 



12 



£, 45 12 8 
C 



£■ 75 



^ 75 



C 



By bond and Mortgage N" 74 




£ 137 10 



590 

13"^ Sept' 
1785 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
WILLIAM STEVENS 



D' 



To 400 Acres of land late James 
Humes Bounded Southwest by land 
of M' Mosman and Alexander Cold- 
well. Southeast by land of Brown 
Noreast by land of William Candler 
Norwest by Thomas Stapler, at 5/ 
1^ Acre 



£ 100 



£ 100 



13"^ Sept' 
1785 



JAMES FLEMING 



D' 



To 700 Acres of land John Humes 
bounded Southeast by land of John 

Tinkler. Shepperd, and Eli 

FoTt at 2/7 ^ Acre 




13^ Sept' 
1785 



JAMES LAUDER 



D' 



To 500 Acres of land late James Gra- 
hams, bounded Southeast by laud of 
Richard Meadows, northeast by land 
of James Read, at 6/ f Acre 




1 3* Sept' 
1785 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 591 
CONTRA 



C 



By Bond and Mortgage N° 82. 



£ 100 



£ 100 



13* Sept' 



1785 ^^^-^^^ 


C 


r 




By Audited Certificates -. 


£ 90 


8 


4 








£ 90 


8 


4 



IS*" Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



C 



By Bond and Mortgage N° 76. 




«92 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 
JOHN LAMAR 



13* Sept' 
1785 



D' 



To 200 Acres of land late William 
Massons, Situate in Wrightsbor- 
ough Township bounded east by 
land of William Hixon. North by 
land of John Stuart Junier. formerly 
David Baldwin's at lo/r * Acre.. 



£ 100 



16 



£ 100 



16 



13* Sept' 
1785 



RUEBEEN COLEMAN 



D' 



To 750 Acres of land late James Grier- 
son's on little River near or in 
Wrightsborough Township adjoin- 

Iste 

ing land^of said Grierson. 11/6 ^ 
Acre 



^ 431 



^ 431 



14th Sept' 
1785 



LITTLE BERRY BOSTICK 



D' 



To 50 Acres of land late John Hen- 
derson, adjoining land of Little B 
Bostick. and land late John Phillips 
Dec' Originally granted Hezekiah 
Wade at 3/5 ^ Acre 




SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 693 



13* Sept' 



1785 wx..xv^ 


C 


r 




By bond and Mortgage N^ 84 


£ 100 


16 


8 




£ 100 


16 


& 



i3» Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By bond and Mortgage N° 82 



^ 431 



^ 431 



14* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



O 



By Audited Certificate. 




X 8 



594 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

The following lands lies in Burk County — 



14"* Sepr 
1785 



M 
JAMES A STUART 



To 200 Acres of land Thomas Read's 
and formerly the property of Val- 
intine Holliugsworth at 1/ "^ Acre 



£ 10 



10 



14'*' Sept' 
1785 



JOSHUA IN MAN 



D' 



To 500 Acres of land late Samuel 
Douglas's, bounded Noreast and 
Southeast by land of Lachlen 
M^'Gillivrey — formerly Margaret 
Ewens. at 64/1 '^ Acre 



£ 1602 



£ 1602 



14"^ Sepr 
1785 



HUGH LAWSON 



D' 



To a lot in the Town of Queensbor- 
ough known by the Number Eleven. 
Also 100 Acres of land late (each) 
the property of Robert M^'Cormick. 
in Queensborough Township bound- 
ed Noreast by Lambeths big Creek, 
South by land of William Harden. 
West by the Town Commons, North 
by land of Patrick M'^Kay said lot. 
and land was origenally granted 
Clotworthy Robison at 2/4 '^ Acre 




SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 596 



14* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By Audited Certificates 



£, 10 



£, 10 



14* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By bond and Mortgage N° 77 


£ 1602 


I 


8 




£ 1602 


I 


8 



14* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By Audited Certificates 




696 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

14-' Sept' 

g JOHN CLEMENTS 



D' 



To 200 Acres of land late Robert 
M*Cormick's, on a branch of Buck- 
head Origenally granted to James 
Simpson at 5/4 ^ Acre 



To 500 Acres late Samuel Douglas's 
bounded Noreast by land of Seth 
Slocumb, Southwest by land of said 
Douglas @ 4/ 1^ Acre 



To 200 Acres late Henry Younge Jun' 
bounded Noreast by Paul Harolson. 
and on all other sides by Vacant 
land at the time of Survey at 7/8 
f Acre 




14"^ Sept' 
1785 



EMANUEL WAMBERSIE 



D' 



To 400 Acres of land late George 
Baillie bounded on all sides by va- 
cant land at the time of Survey, at 
1/7 f Acre 

To 500 Acres late Samuel Douglas's 
bounded Noreast by Said Douglas, 
all other side Vacant at the time of 
Survey, at 3/9 V Acre 




14* Sept' 
1785 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 697 
CONTRA 



By Audited Certificates 



£ 330 



£ 230 



14* Sept' 
1785 



CONTRA 



By Audited Certificates. 




)r r-Tol 



698 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



14* Sept' 

1785 ROBERT FORSYTH 



D' 



To 500 Acres of land late George 
Baillie's bounded South by land 
held by Thomas Lamb, and Great 
Ogeche River at 7/6 ^ Acre . . 



£ 187 



187 



10 



10 



14' Sept' 

1785 GEORGE HANDLEY for 
JOHN M« QUEEN 


D' 






To 350 Acres of land late Robert 
M" Cormick's bounded Noreast by 
land of James Gray, Thomas ShuderJ 
and Savannah River, norwest by' 
Jonathen Mulkey at 94/ ^ Acre 


^ H75 








^ "75 






14* Sept' 
1785 JOHN TWIGGS 


D' 






To 500 Acres of land late Samuel 
Douglas's, Bounded by land of Ed- 
mund Hill, South by land of Brown 
West by Isaac Perry at 9/5 |> Acre 


^ 235 


8 


4 




^ 235 


8 


4 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 699 



14* Sept' 

CONTRA 


C 






By bond and Mortgage N" 83. - 


£, 187 


10 






£. 187 


10 




14* Sept' 

1785 CONTRA 


! 
C 






By bond and Mortgage N* 86 


■e "75 








^ "75 






14* Sept' 

1785 CONTRA 


C 






By Audited Certificates 


^ 235 


8 


4 




^ 235 


8 


4 



600 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



22* August 
1785 



SAMUEL STIRK AND 

JAMEB JACKSON D' 



To 380 Acres of land late Josiah Tat- 
nall,s in Chatham County, adjoin- 
ing the light house tract. Savan- 
nah River and land of Thomas 
Younge. Katharine Mulryne. Ma 
ry Tatnall. Mary Farley, and lit 
tie Tybe Inlet at 5 / 6 f^ A 



£ 104 



£ 104 



10 



10 



23* August 
1785 



HUGH LAWSON 



D' 



To a lot in the town of Brunswick 
late Sir James Wrights- Containing 
ninety feet in front and one hun 
dred and eighty feet in depth and 
known by the N° 114 : at £ 51 




51 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 601 
CONTRA C' 



By bond and Mortgage 




22* Augt 
1785 



CONTRA 



By bond and Mortage 




^ 51 



602 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



A List of Negroes paid to the Georgia State Legion, 
Commanded by Lieu' Colonel James Jackson, by the 
Commissioners of Confiscated Estates . . 



Delivered, Captain James Stallings, twenty four, ne- 

lately 

groes^belonging to the persons hereinafter 
Named, as per Receit dated i^'*' June 1782. 
appraisment as follows viz — 

of Lachlan M'Gillivcry Estate 



Negroes Names Doctor £ 60 

Sipio . 60 

Frances 65 

Barrock 50 

George 25^ 

Fortemo 50 

Sibbey 35 

Tenah 50^ 



-^ 235 



£ 160 



Sappo 28^ 

Samson 45 

Cumbo 40 M 233 

Pompey 70 

Sarah- ..- 50J £ 628 



of David Duncan Estate 

Isaac 

Morris 



- 35/ 



Sam. 
Sally. 



651 
50/ 



70 



£ 115 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 603 

Venus £45U 120 

Pans 75/ 

Cloe 30}^ 3,^335 



of Halls, Estate, » _ Lester £ 40. 40 

of Greenwood and Hagison Es- 
tate, Will £ 70 70 

of Mathew Lyle's Estate, Liberty 

£80 80 

of Johnston's Estate, Braveboy 
^65 65 

Delivered Lieu\ Colo. James Jackson, Twelve 
negroes, as per his Receits, dated the 
9*** of June and the 24"* of July 1782, 
negroes, names and appraisement as 
follows _ 

Charles £6o_ late John'M'Gillivery 

o 
Morgan. £55 late James Dill 

late of the Estate of John Mulrine Tat- 
nal viz : 

Bob_ .- £ 40^ 

April 40}"^ 140 

July - 60 j 



Dill £ 50^1 

Bess- 40}"^ 150 

Parris 60, 



ii- 



little Bob 35^ 

Lindy 30 >£ 115 

Ceila 50 j 

nany and Child £ 45 >£ 45 £ 450 



604 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Delivered Thomas Hamilton, Lieut 
four negroes late Hevy 
Sharps, as f his Receit 23* 
October 1782 



Viz. Buck £ 70 U 120 

Jenny 50/ 

Hannah ^5^1 no 

Sanco 60/,,. . 



Delivered 



Delivered 



Merideth Davis,one negroe^ 
and half, late Ja' Seymore 
as ^ his Receit, and 
CoW Jackson's Certificate^ 



Captain James Stallins,"" 
two old negroes in lieu of 
a prime slave due Thomas 
Burch, as '^ his Receit V 
30** January 1783 s** ne- 
groes late Lachlan M*Gill- 
ivery ... 



Delivered William Burch, one ne-^ 
groe, late James Seymore, 
as per his Receit 7*^ De- 
cem' 1782 



Delivered William Lock, one negroe, ^ 
as per his Receit, 6*** Feb 
ruary 1783, and Colo. ^ 
Jackson Certificate in fa- 
vour of Nicolas Hawkins- 



230 



75 



60 



50 



50 



£ 2248 



SALES OF CONFISCATED ESTATES. 605 



Continued 2248 



Delivered Captain Sherred Bugg, 
three negroes, late Ja' 
Seymore as '^ his Receit 
20"* January 1783 

Delivered Lieu* Thomas Hamilton^ 
one negroe, late Ja' Sey 
more as 1^ his Receit 3 
Decern' 1782 say 55 

Delivered Doctor Humphry Wells, ^ 
three negroes late Ja' Sey- 
more as ^ his Receit De- 
cern' 25* 1782 

Delivered John Lamar, two Smaip 
negroes boys, in lieu of 
one prime Slave, (due 
Doctor Hum pry Wells) as 
•^ his Receit, ^i"^ Janu' I 
1783, s^ negroes late Ja' | 
Seymore J 

Delivered John Lamar, one negroe^ 
late Ja' Seymore's, (which | 
was due Jehu Gamble) as y 
^ his Receit, 31* January | 
1782 ' _J 

Delivered Captain James Stallings a^ 
wench and Child, late Ja' 
Seymore in lieu of a wench 
and Child, (Viz Feb^ and 
ben) which was proved to 
be the property of David 
Duncan as 1^ his Receit 
21" January 1783 

Delivered James Stallings, one ne- 
groe, in lieu of one proved 
from him, as '^ Receit. 21"' 
Jan^ 1783 

Delivered John Buchannan, for him- 
self and two sons Viz, 
James and William, as per 
his Receit, 27*** Sept' 1782 
three Negroes, late James 
Seymore 



150 



50 



150 



60 



50 



65 



50 



150 



606 



REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 



Delivered Captain Henry Allison, 
two negroes, Viz, York late 
James Seymore, and one late 
Lewis Johnstons, as per his Re- 
ceits, 22*^ Jannary and 31" July 
1783. ._. 

Delivered Captain John Morrison, "^ 
one negroe wench and twosnial 
Children, late James Seymore, 
in lien of the like Negroes, (he 
had paid to him ; which was 
proved to be M' Duncans prop- 
erty,) as 1^ his Receit 6*^ De- 
cember 1782 

Delivered Captain John Morrisou | 
one negroe, as per Receit 6*** > 
December 1783 j 



Delivered Captain James Stallings,^ 
one negro late Henry Youngs, 1 
for William Entrican as per | [ 
his Receit, 19*** July 1783 .-J 



Delivered Lieu*'Thomas Hamilton, 
one negro (bob) as ^ his Re- 
ceit. !•* July 1783 £ 60 



.... 1 

Delivered Captain James Stallings,^ \ 
one small negro girl about i 
four years old, being one third > 1 
value of a prime slave as per j 



Receit, 15'' 



prime slave as per I , 
July 1783 J 



100 



75 



50 



50 



60 



20 



^3328 



SALES OP CONFISCATED ESTATES. 607 



An account of negroes, Delivered Governor Martin, 
for the Support of his family, by the Commissioners of 
Confiscated Estate 1782 



Viz, Cato and Boatswain, late 
James Butlers Primus, late the 
property of a British oflBcer 
Sipo, Nanny, Sylla, and Paris 
late George Fox's 
little Will, and Jenny, late 
John Fox's Molly, late Collin 
Campble 



Suppose each ne- 
groe to average 
at £ 50 .- is £ 
500 



The above Negroes, was Delivered Gov' Martin as 
his Receit, lo*** September 1782 



APPENDIX. 



When, during the progress of the War for Indepen- 
dence, it was deemed by the legislature necessary to pass 
the acts of amercement, confiscation and -banishment, 
the names of some not really at heart opposed to the 
popular cause were included in the acts. They had been 
guilty of no overt acts of disloyalty to the State, but 
were under suspicion only. Others whose acts of disloy- 
alty were not flagrant, or only technical, were also in- 
cluded, as were still others who were really attached to 
the royal government, but whose associations and en- 
vironments were such as to excuse them for their atti- 
tude. Many of the persons thus included in the dis- 
qualifying acts were, moreover, the fathers or brothers 
of patriots who were actively and loyally supporting, on 
the field of battle and in the councils of the state, the 
cause of the people. The ties of blood are strong, and 
hence after the conflict was over and the independence 
of the states was acknowledged by the King, those pa- 
triots who had relatives on the other side were disposed 
to seek clemency for them, and the representatives in the 
legislature of the people who had been victorious in the 
struggle were in a temper to be magnanimous. As a re- 
sult, at almost every session of the legislature for a score 
or more of years after the close of the war, special acts 
were passed for the relief of such persons named in the 
disqualifying acts as seemed to the law makers worthy 
of such clemency. To complete the record and do no in- 
justice to the men to whom such clemency was extended,, 
and to their descendants, it is deemed proper to compile 
and publish in this aiq)endix as many of these acts of 
clemency as we have been able to find. That we include 
all such acts as were passed is not probable, but none that 
we have been able to find have been omitted. 



610 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

(From State Archives.) 

AN ACT 

For the taking the name of WILLIAM STEPHENS 
from and out of the Amercement law of this State, and 
for the restoring him to all the rights Privileges and 
immunities of a free Citizen. 

Whereas in and by the Confiscation law Passed at 
Augusta on the fourth day of May one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty two, for inflicting penalties on and 
confiscating the Estates of such persons as are therein 
Declared Guilty of Treason and for other purposes there- 
in mentioned, the Name of William Stephens was therein 
included, and the Person of the said William Stephens 
was thereby Attainted and his property confiscated to 
and for the use of the said State. AND WHEREAS 
on the fifth day of August last past the Legislature con- 
sidering many good and sufficient reasons for their so 
doing, did take from and without the confiscation law 
certain persons therein named, and among others the 
said William Stephens and placed the said Persons on 
the Act for Amercing certain Persons therein Named, 
and for other purposes therein mentioned, Passed the day 
and Year last aforementioned, whereby the Property 
only of the said persons became effected, exclusive of 
Incapability to serve the State during the time therein 
laid down and Specified. • AND WHEREAS the Con- 
duct of the said William Stephens has been sucji as to 
merit the further Attention of the Good Citizens of this 
State. — 

Be it Therefore Enacted — by the freemen of the 
State of Georgia in General Assembly met and it is here- 
by enacted by and with the Authority aforesaid that 
from and immediately after the Passing this Act the said 



APPENDIX. 611 

William Stephens, shall be, and he hereby is fully and 
amply reinstated in the full Possession of all and every 
right and rights. Privileges, immunities and liberties 
which a free Citizen Possibly can, may, or now does hold 
within the State of Georgia aforesaid, any thing in the 
said Confiscation or Amercement Laws to the Contrary 
thereof contained Notwithstanding 

And Be it Further Enacted that all Paragraphs, 
Sentences, or words mentioning, Speaking of, or Con- 
cerning the said William Stephens, in the said layvs, or 
either of them, are hereby Repealed, and Declared null 
and Void, and of no effect. 

And Be it Further Enacted that this Act shall be 
a Public Act and given as such in evidence. 

By order of the House 
House of Assembly 

N W Jones. Speaker 

Savannah 8.th February 1783. 



(From State Archives.) 

AN ACT 

For amercing certain persons therein named, and admit- 
ting others to the rights of Citizenship; and for other 
purposes therein Mentioned. 

Whereas the Legislature of this State by their reso- 
lutions passed in the years one Thousand Seven hundred 
and Eighty three, and Eighty four relieved from the 
pains and penalties of Banishment as directed by this 
State, for inflicting the pains of Banishment and Confisca- 
tion on persons therein named and directed, that the 
I^fames of the following persons should be taken from the 



612 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

Act of Confiscation and placed on the Amercement. Act. 
and that such amercement should not exceed twelve per 
centum. AND WHEREAS the Present Legislature have 
agreed, to take others in the like situation from off the 
said Act of attainder, Viz* Andrew Johnston, Timothy 
Barnard, Isaac Delyon, Alexander Carter, Alexander 
Rose., and William Durgan — 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Representatives of 
the Freemen of the State of Georgia in General Assem- 
bly met and it is hereby enacted, by the Authority of the 
same, that Thomas Young, Raymond Demere Junior, 
John Glen, Levi Sheftall, Thomas Gibbons, Isaac Heaton, 
Isaac Downie Thomas Beatty, Robert Porteous, James 
Spalding Alexander Creighton, Andrew Johnston, Tim- 
othy Barnard, Isaac Delyon, Alexander Carter, and 
Alexander Rose, be and they are hereby severally re- 
lieved from the pains of the said Act of Confiscation and 
Banishment. 

Be it Therefore Enacted, by the Authority afore- 
said that the Estates both real and personal, of the said 
Thomas Young, Raymond Demere, Junior, John Glen 
Levi Sheftal, Thomas Gibbons, Isaac Heaton, * Isaac 
Downie Thomas Beatty, Robert. Porteous James Spald- 
ing, Alexander Creighton, Alexander Rose & Isaac Del- 
yon. are hereby Annexed and made subject to twelve 
per centum and that Andrew Johnston, Alexander Car- 
ter, and William Durgan shall be subject to pay one per- 
centum only as an amercement on such property as they 
may possess, and that Timothy Barnard be subject, only 
to one quarter percentum the same to be paid within 
twelve Months to the Treasurer, or Commissioners of 
Confiscated Estates for the use of this State (all persons 
n^lecting to pay the same in the the time limited shall 
be liable to pay double that sum to be paid in Specie and 
nothing else. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority afore- 



APPENDIX. 613 

said that the said Thomas Young, Raymond Demere, 
Junior John Glen, Levi Sheftall, Thomas Gibbons Isaac 
Heaton, Isaac Downie, Thomas Beatty, Robert Porteous 
James Spalding Alexander Creighton, Andrew Johnston 
Timothy Barnard, Isaac Delyon, Alexander Rose, shall 
return, to enjoy and Possess every right of Citizenship 
in this State, any thing in the said Act of Confiscation 
to the contrary notwithstanding provided always that the 
said Thomas Young, Raymond Demere, Junior John 
Glen, Levi Sheftall, Thomas Gibbons, Robert Porteous, 
James Spalding Alexander Creighton Andrew Johnston, 
Isaac Delyon, and Alexander Rose, shall not be permit- 
ted to Vote at elections, hold Offices under the Govern- 
ment, or be eligible to a Seat in any of the departments 
thereof until fourteen years shall have elapsed, from the 
passing of this Act, and provided also that Thomas Gib- 
bons shall not plead or practise in the Courts of Law of 
this State, for the said term of Fourteen Years. 

And Be it Further Enacted that all Supplies that 
have been taken from the above mentioned persons for 
the use of the Army or payment of any of the Soldiers 
shall be brought in charge against this or the United 
States. 

And Be it Further Enacted, by the Authority 
aforesaid that John Mulryn and Solomon Kemp, two 
persons named in the said Act of Banishment, shall be 
and they are hereby permitted to be and remain in this 
State, for and during the term of Seven Years without 
molestation or injury in respect to their persons for or 
on Account of the said Act, — and all and singular the 
Estate real and Personal, of the said Solomon Kemp 
which now remains unsold; by the Commissioners of 
forfeited Estates shall be and the same is hereby gra- 
tuitously given to and vested in the Wife and Children 
of the said Solomon Kemp, for and notwithstanding the 
said Act of Confiscation or other matter or thing apper- 
taining the same, such property so given to the said Wife 

40 r r-vol 1 



614 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

and Children of the said Solomon Kemp to be neverthe- 
less subject and liable to a proportionable part of any 
Debts he may owe, provided neverthe — less that for all 
Property real and Personal heretofore belonging to any 
of the persons aforesaid that has been sold, by virtue 
of the Act of Confiscation and Attainder the Auditor 
shall and he is hereby required to give such person the 
former owner of the said Property a. Certificate for a 
Sum equal to the amount of the sale of such Property — 

And Be it Further Enacted, by the Authority 
aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful for any Citi- 
zen of this or any of the United States, to purchase and 
bring into this State and thereafter to hold, any Negroe 
or other Slave, the property of any person named in the 
Act of Confiscation and Banishment, provided- such 
Negroe or other Slave has not been sold by the Commis- 
sioners of Confiscated Estates and was without the limits 
of this State at the time such purchase, was made, any 
thing in the Act. of Confiscation to the contrary not- 
withstanding. 

And Whereas William Welscher, Malcolm Ross, 
James Ferria Donald M^'Leod, William Thompson, John 
Milne, and David Leion, come within the Proviso of the 
Alien Act, having applied for the rights of Citizenship 
previous to the passing thereof. BE IT THEREFORE 
ENACTED that from and immediately after the passing 
this Act the said WJlliam Welscher, Mjalcolm Ross, 
David Leion James Ferrie, Donald McLeod, William 
Thompson, and John Milne shall be and they are hereby 
declared. Free Citizens of this State, any thing in the 
said Alien Act, to the contrary thereof Notwithstand- 
ing. 

By Order of the House 

Joseph Habersham 
Speaker — 
Savannah ) 

21"*: February 1785 ] 



APPENDIX. 616 

(From State Archives.) 

AN ACT 

To repeal an Act entitled an "Act for inflicting penal- 
ties on and confiscating the Estates of such persons as 
are therein declared guilty of Treason and for other 
purposes therein mentioned" so far as the same relates 
to the banishment of Simon Munro. 

Whereas this Legislature have been petitioned by 
divers persons Citizens of this State, and residing in 
the County of Liberty praying that Simon Munro may be 
permitted to return to his family and friends, and this 
Legislature ever willing to comply with the wishes of 
their Constituents when the same is consistant with the 
good of the Republic Do enact AND BE IT EN- 
ACTED by the Representatives of the Freemen of the 
State of Georgia in general Assembly met and by the 
Authority of the same, that the Act intitled an "Act for 
inflicting penalties on and confiscating the Estates of 
such persons as are therein declared guilty of Treason, 
and for other purposes therein mentioned" passed the 
fourth day of May one thousand Seven hundred and 
eighty two, so far as the same relates to the Banishment 
only of the said Simon Munro be and the same is hereby 
repealed, 

And Be it Further Enacted that all and every part 
and parts of the said Act relating or belonging to the 
Heirs, devisees, and assigns of John Forbes deceased, be ' 
and is hereby repealed and that all Bonds for any part 
of the property sold of the said John Forbes be given 
up by the Treasurer to the Heir or Heirs. 
By order of the House. 

Wm Gibbons Speaker. 

Augusta 13"* ) 
^eb^ 1786 ) 



616 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

(State Archives.) 

An act for taking certain persons out of the act of confis- 
cation and banishment, as far as respects the banish- 
ment of of the persons therein named, and other pur- 
poses therein mentioned. 

1. Whereas the legislature of this state by an act 
passed the fourth day of May one thousand seven hun- 
dred and eighty-two, at Augusta, entitled "An act for 
confiscating and banishing certain persons therein men- 
tioned," did confiscate the estate and banish the person 
of Philip Delegal jun. also did confiscate of John 
M'Donald, his heirs devisees and assigns. And whereas 
the present legislature have agreed to take the said Philip 
Delegal, and the heirs devisees and assigns of John 
M'Donald, out of the said act of confiscation and banish- 
ment so far as it respects the banishment of said Philip 
Delegal, and the heirs, devisees and assigns of John 
M'Donald. Be it therefore enacted by the representatives 
of the freetnen of the state of Georgia in General Assent- 
sembly ^nct, and it is h^^reby enacted by the authority of the 
same That Philip Delegal, and the heirs devisees and as- 
signs of John M'Donald, be, and they are hereby severally 
relieved, from the pains of the said act of confiscation 
and banishment, so far as respects the banishment of the 
said Philip Delegal, and the heirs, devisees and assigns 
of John M'Donald. 

2. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said. That the property both real and personal of the 
said Philip Delegal, and said John M'Donald, his heirs, 
devisees and assigns, that has remained unsold by the 
commissioners of confiscated estates, under the act of 
confiscation and banishment, shall be theirs to all intents 
and purposes, any thing contained in the act of confisca- 
tion and banishment to the contrary notwithstanding. 



APPENDIX. 617 

3. And be it farther enacted. That Thomas Gibbons, 
Patrick Crookshanks and Alexander Spears, of the 
county of Chatham, esqrs. John Glynn, James Spalding, 
Thomas Young, Levy Sheftall, George Barnes and John 
Taylor, be and they are hereby admitted to all the rights 
and privileges of free citizens of this state, any law to the 
contrary notwithstanding. 

4. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said. That the act of confiscation and banishment, so far 
as relates to the banishment of Abraham Mincey, John 
Corker, John Fox, and William Jones, be and the same 
is hereby repealed. 

5. And whereas there are debts due, and property 
which remain unsold, belonging to the estate of Thomas 
Fleming, deceased, and application has been made to this 
house by Mary Fleming, widow of the said Thomas 
Fleming, to vest such debts and property in her. Be it 
enacted by the authority aforesaid. That all debts due 
to the said estate, and property which remains unsold, be 
vested in the said Mary Fleming for the use of herself, 
her heirs and assigns forever. 

By order of the House, 

WiLUAM Gibbons, Speaker. 
Augusta, February 10, 1787. 



(State Archives.) 

An act for vesting certain property in Philip Hornby, in 
right of his wife, Henrietta Hornby, formerly Henri- 
etta Goldsmith, widow of Thomas Goldsmith, deceased, 
a person named in the act of confiscation and banish- 
ment 



618 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

1. Whereas the said Philip Hornby in the year one 
thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, by his petition 
preferred to the legislature of this state, prayed that his 
wife Henrietta Hornby, formerly widow of Thomas 
Goldsmith, deceased, who is named in the act of confis- 
cation and banishment, might have some support from the 
estate of the said deceased, and it appearing by the reso- 
lution of the House of Assembly, one thousand seven hun- 
dred and eighty-five, that a bill should be passed vesting 
all the property formerly belonging to the said 
Thomas Goldsmith, which remains unsold by the com- 
missioners of confiscated estates, in the said Philip Horn- 
by, he being answerable for all damages that may be 
brought against the said Thomas Goldsmith, and giving 
bond to his honour the governor, for the time being, in 
a sufficient sum indemnifying the state against all such 
demands. 

Be it therefore enacted by the representatives of the 
freemen of the state of Georgia, in General Assembly met, 
and by the authority of tlie satne. That all the estate 
real and personal of the said Thomas Goldsmith, deceased, 
that remains unsold by the commissioners of confiscated 
estates, shall be, and the same is hereby declared to be 
vested in the said Philip Hornby, to hold the same to 
him, his heirs and assigns forever, any thing contained in 
the said act of confiscation to the contrary notwithstand- 
ing: Proznded always, and it is hereby declared. That 
thfi said Philip Hornby shall be, and is hereby made liable 
to answer for payment of all debts and damages that may 
be due by, or recoverable against the estate of the said 
Thomas Goldsmith, and so far as such estate herein 
vested shall extend, and no further. 

2. And be it futher enacted, That the said Philip 
Hornby shall, within twelve months, give bond to his 



APPENDIX. 619 

honor the governor for the time being, in such sum of 
money as may be sufficient to indemnify this state against 
all claims or demands against the estate of the said 
Thomas Goldsmith, confiscated as aforesaid. 

3. And be it further enacted. That this act shall be 
deemed and taken in law as a public act, and as such re- 
ceived as evidence in any court in this state. 

By order of the House, 

William Gibbons, Speaker, 
Augusta, loth February, 1787. 



(State Archives,) 

An act for vesting the estates, real and personal, unsold,, 
of Henry Sharp and Matthew Moore, in the hands of 
their respective children, 

I. Whereas in and by a certain act of the legislature^ 
passed and dated at Augusta on the fourth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty-two, commonly called the confiscation act, the 
property real and personal of the said Henry Sharp and 
Matthew Moore, their heirs, devisees and assigns, was 
respectively confiscated to and for the use and benefit 
of the said state: And wlwreas a part of the estate of 
the said Henry Sharp and Matthew Moore remains un- 
sold: Be it therefore enacted by tfie representatives of 
the freemen of the State of Georgia in Getieral Assembly 
met, and by the authority of the same. That from and 
immediately after the passing of this act, the 
children of the said Henry Sharp and Matthew 
Moore, respectively, shall be fully and absolutely 
entitled to share and share alike to all such 



«20 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

parts of the estates real and personal of the said 
Henry Sharp and Matthew Moore, as have not already 
been sold under and by virtue of the said act of confis- 
cation: Provided always nevertheless, That the guar- 
dian^ trustee or attorney of such respective children do 
and shall give bond in the secretary's office for the pay- 
ment of the due proportion of such debts as may appear 
against the estate of the said Henry Sharp and Matthew 
Moore, their heirs, devisees and assigns, and such prop- 
erty as remains unsold shall, previously to their taking 
possession, be valued by three freeholders qualified for 
that purpose, and a certificate of such appraisement shall 
be forwarded to the auditor, certified by a justice of the 
peace. 

By order of the House, 

W11.UAM Gibbons, Speaker. 

Augusta, loth February, 1787. 



(State Archives.) 

An act for repealing certain parts of the act of confisca- 
tion and banishment. 

I. Whereas the legislature of this state, by an act 
passed the fourth day of May one thousand seven hun- 
dred and eighty-two, at Augusta, entitled "An act for 
confiscation and banishing certain persons therein men- 
tioned," did confiscate the proi>erty of Nathaniel Polhill, 
his heirs, devisees and assigns, and the property of Pol- 
hill Cormick, John Thomas, Peter Edwards, and James 
Butler, and did banish the said persons from this state; 
Be it enacted That as far as the said act of confiscation 
respects Nathaniel Polhill, his heirs, devisees and assigns, 
be and is hereby repealed. 



APPENDIX. 621 

2. And be it further enacted by the cmthority afore- 
said. That one half of the estate of Nathaniel Polhill, 
unsold by the commissioners of confiscated property, be 
vested in Elizabeth Nowland, widow of the said Na- 
thaniel Polhill, and her heirs. 

3. And be it further enacted, That the property of 
the said John Thomas, which remains unsold, be, and it is 
hereby vested in Elizabeth Sharp, the wife of John Sharp, 
jun. and the property of Paul M'Cormick, which remains 
unsold, be, and it is hereby vested in Frances M'Cor- 
mick and her heirs. 

4. And be it further enacted, That as far as the 
aforesaid act of confiscation and banishment, respecting 
the banishment of the aforesaid Peter Edwards, and 
James Butler, James Jackson, John Douglass, William 
Corker, James Ingraham, Thomas Waters and John 
Johnson, be, and is hereby repealed. 

By order of the House, 

Nathan Brownson, Speaker. 
February i, 1788. 



(State Archives,) 

An act to z'est certain property in Anne Stezvart, 

I. Whereas by an act passed the tenth day of Feb- 
ruary one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, the 
property formerly belonging to Thomas Goldsmith, jun. 
a person named in the act of confiscation and banish- 
ment, was vested in Philip Hornby, who had married the 
widow of the said Goldsmith. Arid zvhereas some doubts 
have arisen about the extent and operation of the afore- 
said act, passed the tenth day of February one thousand 



622 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

seven hundred and eighty-seven. Be it enacted, that the 
said law shall not be construed to extend to any rever- 
sionary property, or remainder of which the said Gold- 
smith was not seized or possessed, and of which he was de- 
barred of being seized and possessed by the aforesaid 
act of confiscation and banishment. 

2. And be it further enacted, That a certain prop- 
erty which was conveyed to Hannah Goldsmith, mother 
of the said Thomas Goldsmith, during her life, and which 
would have reverted, or remained over to the said Thom- 
as Goldsmith, had he not been prevented from inheriting 
the said reversion or remainder by the aforesaid act of 
confiscation and banishment, shall vest and be forever 
fixed in Anne Stuart, daughter of Alexander Stuart, at 
the death of the said Hannah Goldsmith. 

By order of the House, 

Nathan Brownson, Speaker, 

February i, 1788. 



(State Archives,) 

An act to vest certain property in Rachel Johnston and her 
children. 

I. Whereas Rachel Johnston, the widow of Joseph 
Johnston deceased, a person named in the act of confisca- 
tion and banishment, hath applied to the legislature by 
petition, praying that the property of the said Joseph 
Johnston, which remained unsold may be relinquished by 
the state, and given up to the said Rachel Johnston for 
the support of herself and children. And whereas the 
legislature hath granted the petition of the aforesaid 
Rachel. 



APPENDIX. 623 

Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and house of rep- 
resentatives of the state of Georgia in General Assembly 
met. That all property both real and personal, which re- 
mains unsold by the commissioners of confiscated estates, 
which of right may appertain to the estate of the said 
Joseph Johnston deceased, be, and the same is hereby 
declared to be relinquished and given up on the part of 
the state to the aforesaid Rachel Johnston, for the sup- 
port of herself and children; always subjecting such 
estate so relinquished and given up, to the payment of 
all debts and dues which may be due and owing from ^he 
same. 

Seaborn Jones, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 
Nathan Brownson, President of the Senate. 
Concurred, December 8, 1789. 
Edward Tei^kair, Governor. 



(State Archives.) 

An act to repeal an act entitled, ''An act for inflicting 
penalties on, and confiscating the estates of such per- 
sons as are tlierein declared guilty of treason, and for 
other purposes therein mentioned," so far as respects 
the banishment of Doctor Thomas Taylor, Absalom 
Wells, Cordy Sharp, Benjamin Fox, William Powel 
aftd John Johison. 

I. Be IT Enacted by the Senate and House of Rep- 
resentatives of the state of Georgia, in General Assem- 
bly met. That the act entitled, "An act for inflicting 
penalties on, and confiscating the estates of such persons 
as are therein declared guilty of treason, and for other 
purposes therein mentioned." passed the fourth day of 



624 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, so 
far as respects the banishment only of the persons of 
the said Doctor Thomas Taylor, Absalom Wells, Cordy 
Sharp, Benjamin Fox, William Powel and John John- 
son be, and the same is hereby repealeed. 

W11.UAM Gibbons Speaker, 
Nathan Brownson, President of the Senate. 
Concurred December 8, 1791. 
Edward Telfair, Governor, 



(State Archives.) 

An act for the relief of the heirs and representatives of 
Alexander Inglis deceased. 

1 Whereas the General Assembly of this state by 
their concurrent resolutions, on the tenth day of Decem- 
ber, one thousand seven hundred and ninety, did declare 
that the said Alexander Inglis should be admitted to all 
the rights of citizenship in this State, which said resolu- 
tions require an act of the General Assembly to carry 
them into effect. And whereas the said Alexander In- 
glis hath since departed this life, and his heirs and repre- 
sentatives have not received the benefits intended by the 
said resolutions : Be it therefore enacted by the Senate 
and House of Representatives of the state of Georgia in 
General Assembly met. That all the estate, real and per- 
sonal of the said Alexander Inglis in this state, which 
he was entitled to in law or equity, prior to the fourth 
day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty-two, or at any time since, except 
such as may have been sold by the commissioners of con- 
fiscated estates, be, and the same is hereby vested in the 



APPENDIX. 625 

children of the said Alexander Inglis, share and share 
alike, in the same manner, and under the same rules of 
law, as if the said Alexander Inglis had departed this 
life in the state of Georgia intestate, and as if the said 
Alexander Inglis had not been named, comprehended or 
included in the aforesaid act of confiscation. 

•2. And be it further enacted. That it shall and may 
be lawful for the executors of the said Alexander Inglis, 
or the guardians of the said minors, children of the said 
Alexander Inglis, to recover and receive the property 
of the aforesaid Alexander Inglis, intended to be herein 
and hereby vested in the said minors: the act entitled, 
"An act for inflicting penalties on, and for confiscating 
the estates of such persons as therein declared guilty of 
treason, and for other purposes therein mentioned," to 
the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

WiixiAM Gibbons, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

Benjamin Tauaferro, President of the 
Senate. 

Concurred December 8, 1792. 

Edward Telfair, Governor. 



(State Archives.) 

An act for the relief of John Furlow, one of the persons 
named in the act of confiscation and banishment. 

I. Whereas the legislature of this state, by an act 
passed the forth day of May, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, at Augusta, 
entitled, "An act for inflicting penalties on, and confis- 
cating the estates of such persons as therein declared 



626 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

guilty of treason, and for other purposes therein men- 
tioned," did confiscate the estate of, and banish the per- 
son of a certain John Furlow, then late of the county of 
Richmond : Be it enacted, by the SencUe and House of 
Representatives of Georgia, in General Assembly met, 
That the said John Furlow be, and he is hereby relieved 
from the pains and penalties of the aforesaid act, so far 
as the same respects the banishment only of the said 
John Furlow. 

Thomas Napier, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

Benjamin Taliaferro, President of the 
Senate. 

Concurred December 25, 1794. 

George Mathews, Governor. 



(State Archives.) 

An act, to repeal the act entitled "An act for in- 
flicting penalties on, and confiscating the estates 
of such persons as are therein declared guilty of 
treason, and for other purposes therein men- 
tioned/' passed the twenty-second day of May 
one thousmtd seven hundred and eighiy-two, 
as far as respects the representatives of Donald 
M'Leod, deceased, George Weekly and Thomas 
Waters. 

I. Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the state of Georgia in General As- 
sembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of 
the same. That so much of the said recited law, so far 
as respects the representatives of Donald M'Leod, be, 
and the same is hereby repealed, and all property what- 



APPENDIX. 627 

soever which was vested in the said Donald M'Leod, at 
any time before the passing of such law, and which yet 
remains unsold, be as absolutely vested in his representa- 
tives, as if no such law had passed. 

2. And be it further enacted, That so much of the 
said law as respects the banishment of George Weekly 
and Thomas Waters, be and the same is hereby repealed. 
But this act shall not extend, or be construed to extend 
to restore any property of the said persons, actually sold 
by the commissioners of confiscated property. 

Thomas Napier, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

Benjamin Tai^iaeerro, President of the 
Senate. 

Concurred December 29, 1794. 

George Mathews, Governor, 



(State Archives,) 

An act for the relief of the heirs of Simon 
Munro, Deceased, 

I. Whereas capt. Harry Munro, late a British sub- 
ject, died vested of real estate, in this state, and did by 
his will bearing date the 14th day of November, in the 
year 1780, leave the same to the heirs of Simon Monro, 
late of this state deceased, who are citizens of the United 
States: Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the state of Georgia in General As- 
sembly met, and by the authority of the same, That from 
and immediately after the passing of this act, the real 
estate of the said Harry Monro, late a British subject, 
which has not been sold under, and by virtue of the act 



628 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

of confiscation, is hereby declared to be vested in the 
heirs of Simon Monro, late of this state, deceased. 

David Meriwether^ Speaker of the House 

of Representatives, 
David Emanuel, President of the Senate. 
Concurred February 8, 1797. 
Jared Irwin, Governor, 



(State Archives.) 

An act to repeal an act, entitled "An act for in- 
flicting penalties on and confiscating the estates 
of such persons as are therein declared guilty 
of treason and for other purposes therein men- 
tioned," so far as relates to the banishment of 
JVillimn Oates and John Henderson, 

I. Be IT Enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representaiives of tlie state of Georgia, in General As- 
senibly fmt. That the act entitled "An act for inflicting 
penalties on and confiscating the estates of such persons 
as are therein declared guilty of treason, and for other 
purposes therein mentioned," passed the fourth day of 
May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, so 
far as relates to the banishment only of William Oates 
and John Henderson, be, and the same is hereby re- 
pealed. And that the said William Oates and John 
Henderson, be and they are hereby restored to all the 
rights of citizenship. Provided, That they shall not be 
entitled to claim, hold, or recover property sold under 
the said act, formerly belonging to the said William 
Oates and John Henderson. 

David Meriwether^ Speaker of the House 
of Representatives, 

David Emanuel, President of the Senaie. 
Concurred February 10, 1797. 



: APPENDIX. ' 629 

(State Archives.) 

An act to repeal an act, entitled, ''An act for in- 
flicting penalties on certain persons therein 
named," so far as respects the banishment of 
John Johnson. 

I. Be IT Enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the state of Georgia, in General As- 
sembly met. That the act entitled "An act, for inflicting 
penalties on, and confiscating the estates of such persons 
as are therein declared guilty of treason and for other 
purposes therein mentioned," passed the fourth day of 
May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, so 
far as respects the banishment only of the person of John 
Johnson, be, and the same is hereby repealed. 

David Meriwether, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

Robert Walton, President of the Senate. 

Assented to February 7, 1799. 

James Jackson, Governor. 



(State Archives.) 

An act to grant certain privileges to Enoch 
James, and others, the legal representatives of 
William Dargan, late of Burke county, de- 
ceased. 

I. Be IT Enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the state of Georgia, in General As- 
sembly met, and by the authority of the same, That 
Enoch James, and all others, the legal heirs and repre- 
sentatives of William Durgan, late of Burke coimty de- 

41 r r— TOl 1 



630 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

ceased, one of the persons named in the act of confisca- 
tion, be and they are hereby vested, in fee simple of all 
and singular, the goods rights and chattels, which were 
confiscated as the property of the aforesaid Durgan, so 
far as relates to the personal property, confiscated as 
aforesaid, and which doth now remain undisposed of by 
the state, any law to the contrary notwithstanding. 

David Meriwether, Speaker of the House of 

Representatives. 
David Emanuel, President of the Senate. 
Assented to November 25, 1800. 
James Jackson, Governor. 



(State Archives.) 

An act to repeal an act for inflicting penal- 
ties on certain persons therein named, so far as 
respects the pmtishfnent of Christopher Frederic 
Triebner. 

I. Be IT Enacted, by the Senate and Home of 
Representatives of the state of Georgia in General As- 
semhly met, That the act entitled "An act for inflicting 
penalties on, and confiscating the estates of such persons 
as are therein declared guilty of treason, and for other 
purposes therein mentioned," passed the fourth day of 
May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, so 
far as it respects the banishment only of the person of 
Christopher Frederic Triebner, be, and the same is here- 
by repealed. 

David Meriwether, Speaker of the House of 

Representatives. 
David Emanuel, President of the Senate. 
Assented to December 5, 1800. 

James Jackson, Governor. 



( 




APPENDIX. 631 

(State Archives.) 

AN ACT 

To repeal an Act, entitled *'An Act for inflicting 
penalties on, and confiscating the Estates of 
such persons as is therein declared guilty of 
Treason, and for other pwposes therein men- 
turned" so far as respects the banishment of 
Thomas Skinner, and John A. Frymoui. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the state of Georgia, in General Assembly met. 
That the Act for inflicting penalties on, and confiscating 
the Estates of such persons as are therein declared guilty 
of Treason, and for other purposes therein mentioned, 
passed the fourth day of May, one thousand seven hun- 
dred and eighty-two, so far as relates to the banishment 
of Thomas Skinner, and John A. Prymout, be and the 
same is hereby repealed. 

David Meriwether, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

WnxiAM Barnett, President of the Senate. 

Assented to December i, 1801. 

JosiAH Tattnai^l^ Jim. 
Governor. 



(State Archives.) 
AN ACT 

To amend an Act, entitled "an Act inflicting 
penalties on and confiscating the Estates of such 
persons, as are therein declared guilty of Trea- 



632 REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS. 

son, and for other purposes therein mentioned/' 
so far as relates to the banishment of Josiah 
TattnaU. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Georgia, in General Assembly met. 
That the Act, entitled "An Act for inflicting penalties 
on, and confiscating the Estates of such persons as are 
therein declared guilty of Treason, and for other pur- 
poses therein mentioned,'* passed the fourth day of May 
one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, so far as 
relates to the banishment of Josiah Tattnall, be and the 
same is hereby repealed; and that the said Josiah Tatt- 
nall, be and he is hereby restored to all the rights of 
citizenship, with full liberty to remove into this state, 
with the property he may be now possessed of subject to 
his sole and entire future disposal: — Provided, That 
he shall not be entitled to daim, hold or recover property, 
sold under the above recited Act, formerly belonging to 
the said Josiah Tattnall. 

David Meriwether, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

Wna^AM Barnett, President of the Senate. 

With lively impressions of gratitude, I affix 
my signature to this Act, the 4th of Decem- 
ber, 1 801. 

Josiah Tattnai^l, Jun. 
Governor. 



(State Archives.) 

AN ACT 

To repeal an act entitled ''An act for inflicting 
penalties on, and confiscating the estates of such 



APPENDIX. '633 

persons as are therein declared guilty of treason, 
and for other piurposes therein mentioned, so 
far as relates to the banishment of John Boykin, 
senW. 

Sec. I. B^ it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the state of Georgia, in General As- 
sembly met, and by the authority of the same. That so 
much of the before recited act as respects the banishment 
of John Boykin, sen'r, of Scriven coimty, be, and the 
same is hereby repealed. 

Abraham Jackson, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

Jarkd Irwin, President of the Senate. 

Assented to, December 5, 1805. 

John Mhxedge, Governor. 



INDEX. 



Accounts, public, Captains Martin and Stirk to examine, io8. 
Acock, Richard, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Manson, 572. 
Acts of Parliament in violation of rights of colonies enumerated, 52. 
Adams, Edward, commissioned as Lieutenant, 189. 
Adams, Nathaniel and others, appointed Commissioners of White 

Bluff Road, 163. 
Adams, Robert, purchases confiscated land of James Butler, and of 

Roger Kelsall, 490. 
Alexander, James, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 160; appointed 

1st Lieutenant of Artillery, 213. 
Allison, Capt. Henry, confiscated negroes delivered to, 606. 
Amercement, certain persons subjected to, 611. 
Anarchy in Georgia, a period of, 398; causes of, 399. 
Andrew, Benjamin, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 128; appointed 

Magistrate, 149; member of first Executive Council, 306. 
Andrew, Benjamin, Sr., purchases confiscated half lot and house of 

Henderson, 466. 
Andrew, Benjamin, purchases confiscated land of Lewis Johnston 

and of Thomas Young, 484. 
Appendix, 609^ 
Arms and ammunition, committee appointed to secure, 82; money 

provided to pay for, 85. 
Articles of Association, persons who decline to sign to be reported 

to the General Committee, 253. 
Artillery, two companies of to be raised for garrisoning forts, 197. 
Atkerson, Joseph, commissioned as Captain, 150. 
Attorneys at law who obey regulations of Provincial Congress to be 

stricken from roll by Chief Justice, 79. 
Augusta, inhabitants of dissent to action of August meeting, 29; 

names of dissenters, 30; Indian disturbances near, 155; taken 

by patriots and legislature convened, 410; confiscated land in 

Richmond and Burke Counties sold at, 582. 

(686) 



636 INDEX. 

Augusta, town and district of, to elect delegate to Provincial Con- 
gress, ii8; orders for new election in revoked, 121. 
Ayers, Abraham, appointed Justice of Peace, 143. 

B 

Bacon, John, Sr., to be commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 91. 

Bacon, Thomas, to be commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 91. 

Bailley, Thomas, purchases confiscated lot in Sunbury, 494. 

Baillie, George, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146; 
permitted to .remove to his own house, 162 ; petition of con- 
cerning negroes of Clement Martin, deceased, 190. 

Baker, Colonel, to hire neg^roes to complete entrenchments about 
Sunbury, 136. 

Baker, John, Sr., appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Baker, John, to be commissioned as Captain, 91 ; takes oath as Jus- 
tice of Peace, 128. 

Baker, John, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414 ; purchases 
confiscated property on Great Ogechee, 452; purchases confis- 
cated lot of Simon Munroe and confiscated land of Roger Kel- 
sall, 492. 

Baker, William, Sr., to be commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, -91. 

Baker, William, officer of St. John's riflemen, powder furnished 
to, 93. 

Banished persons remaining in the State over sixty days to be ar- 
rested and sent to some part of the British king's dominions, 
387; persons returning to the State after transportation to suf- 
fer death without benefit of clergy, 388. 

Barnard, Timothy, relieved from penalty of confiscation and ban- 
ishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 613. 

Barnes, George, rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 

Bamet, Nathan, purchases confiscated land of Abm. WiDdns, 574. 

Baulch, Thomas, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Beal, Jacob, appointed Justice of Peace, 142. 

Beale, Jeremiah, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 72. 

Beale, Zephaniah, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 72. 

Beatty, Thomas, relieved from penalty of confiscation and banish- 
ment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 613. 

Beecroft, Doctor, purchases confiscated land of Collin Campbell, 438. 

Begby, Alexander, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146. 

Belcher, William, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 156; prefers charges 
against Wm. Love and Chas. Hall, 156; chosen member of 
Board instead of James Scriven, 209. 



INDEX. 637 

Bickham, Abner, purchases confiscated cattle of Samuel Love and 

James Llyle, 538. 
Bird, Israel, conmiissioned as ist Lieutenant, 95; commissioned as 

Captain, 149. 
Black, James, appointed Magistrate, 149. 
Blunt, Jacob, commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 72, 
Boiakin, Francis, purchases confiscated land of George Johnston, 534. 
Bonnell, Daniel, appointed Magistrate, 149^ 
Bonner, Robert, commissioned as Captain, 220. 
Bonner, Robert, purchases confiscated lots of Jno. Graham and L. 

McGillivray, 564. 
Bostick, Chesley, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Seymour, 558; 

land of J. Jemison and Jas. Seymore, and a pair of mill stones, 

confiscated property of Jas. Seymore, 576. 
Bostick, Littleberry, purchases confiscated land of John Henderson, 

592. 

Bounty provided for those who enlist for three years, 198. 

Bowen, Captain, authorized to contract for armed vessels, 191; au- 
thorized to purchase arms and ammunition, 192; to purchase 
materials for building vessels and galleys, 192 ; to be furnished 
with copy of Declaration of Independence, 192. 

Box, Philip and William Gibbons, receipt of for money advanced 
to, 109. 

Boykin, John, Sr., sentence of banishment revoked, 633. 

Boys, Alexander, commissioned as Lieutenant, 186. 

Brig Beufort, Gen. Mcintosh to take sails of to prevent her sailing, 
217. 

Brisbane, Adam Fowler, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 130. 

Brownson, Nathan, takes seat as member of Council, 146; qualifies 
as Justice of Peace, 166 ; elected Governor, 41a 

Brownson, Doctor, and Jonathan Cochrane, a committee to take 
security from Capt Samuel Miller, 184. 

Bryan, Jonathan, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 128; to be fur- 
nished presents for Indians, 161; member of first Executive 
Council, 306. 

Bryan, Jonathan, and Nathan Brownson, a conmiittee to answer 
enquiry of Gen. Lee, 180; their answer, 180. 

Bryan, Jonathan, Houstoun and Col. L. Mcintosh, sent to Charles- 
town, 139. 

Bryan, Capt William, ordered to return private property to Doug- 
lass, 169. 

Bryan, William, chosen member of Council instead of Daniel Rob- 
erts, 209. 



688 INDEX. 

Buchannan, John, confiscated negroes of Jas. Seymore delivered to, 
605. 

Bugg, Sherred, confiscated negroes of Jas. Seymore delivered to, 605. 

Bugg, Sherwood, not recognized as chairman of Committee at Au- 
gusta, 161. 

Bugg, William, commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 72. 

Bulloch, Archibald, elected delegate to Continental Congress, 43. 

Bulloch, Archibald, President of Georgia, address of Council of 
Safety to, 114; reply of, to address of Council of Safety, 116; 
proclamation of against extortion, 120; proclamation of con- 
vening Provincial Congress, 126; reply of to Capt. Woodruff e's 
enquiry, 141; instructions of to Col. Lachlan Mcintosh, 206; 
elected President of Provincial Congress, 231; elected to Con- 
tinental Congress, 240; elected President and Commander-in- 
Chief of Georgia, 277; congratulatory address of Council of 
Safety to, 277; reply of to same, 278; proclamation of offering 
land bounty to those who enlist for the defense of this States 
279; proclamation of ordering election of delegates to frame 
a constitution, 280; proclamation of concerning turbulent ne- 
groes in and about Savannah, 298; proclamation of forbidding 
sale of liquors without license, 299; proclamation of appointing 
a day of fasting and humiliation, 304; death of, 305. 

Bunnell, Daniel, commissioned as Captain, 168. 

Burch, William, confiscated negro delivered to, 604. 

Burke County, confiscated cattle in, 546. 

Burt, Moody, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 220. 

Burton, Thomas, appointed Magistrate, 149; certain negroes to be 
delivered to, 157; appointed executor of Wm. McDaniel, de- 
ceased, 158. 

Butler, Elisha, elected President of Council of Safety, 105. 

Butler, James, and Dr. Chas. Yonge not to be admitted on Rosedew 
Plantation, 163 ; warrant to be issued for arrest of, 166 ; ask to 
be heard by board, 168; released from custody upon taking 
oath, 171. 

Butler, James, forbidden to go on Rosedew Plantation, 171; peti- 
tion of, 187. 

Butler, James, sentence of banishment revoked, 621. 

Butler, Shem, ordered to permit Mr. Croker to have house, 161; 
matters concerning represented to the Board, 162; attends the 
Board, 163. 



INDEX. 639 



Call, the first for meeting of citizens looking to organized resistance, 
II ; copy of call published in Gazette, ii ; signed by Noble W. 
Jones, Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun and George Walton, 
II. 

Call, Richard, purchases confiscated land of George Kingcade and 
of Sir James Wright, 424. 

Candler, William, appointed Justice of Peace, 143. 

Candler, Colonel, ordered to hold his command in readiness to 
march wherever services may be needed, 159; ammunition is- 
sued to, 159. 

Candler, William, purchases confiscated land of John Howard, 572. 

Cannon, Roger, purchases confiscated land of Edward Ashton, 566. 

Carter, Alexander, relieved from penalty of confiscation and ban- 
ishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 613. 

Carter, Hepworth, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 117. 

Carter, Hipworth, purchases confiscated land of James Westley, 498. 

Carter, Thomas, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 220. 

Cartledge, Edwd., appointed Justice of Peace, 143. 

Carey, Mr., sent to St. Augustine to demand Capt. Woodruff e and 
other prisoners, 223. 

Cater, 1 homas, purchases confiscated land of Roger Kelsall, 490. 

Cattle on island to be taken for use of troops, 193; owners of to 
remove them to mainland, otherwise they will be destroyed, 193. 

Certificates of indebtedness, persons refusing to receive to be con- 
sidered enemies of the province, 252. 

Chaplain, a, to be appointed for each regiment, 197. 

Charlestown Committee, reply of to St. John's Committee, 61. 

Charlestown, letter from Council of Safety at, 76. 

Cherokee Hill, inhabitants of to do duty in Capt. Richard Wyll/s 
company, 141. 

Chief Justice and two Assistant Justices, Attorney General, Provost 
Marsha], etc., provided for, 276. 

Chisolm, Thomas, member of first Executive Council, 306. 

Chisolm, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Reed and con- 
fiscated cattle of Mathew Llyle, 534. 

Citizenship restored to certain persons, 611. 

Clark, Elijah, purchases confiscated house and half lot of James 
Alexander, 468; appointed commissioner to sell confiscated 
estates, 504; purchases confiscated land of Joshua Pierce, 508. 

Clay, Joseph, declines to take seat as member of Council of Safety, 
70. 



640 INDEX. 

Clay, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of John J. Zubly; two lots 
at Yamacraw, confiscated land of G. Fox, Sir James Wright, 
Lachlan McGiUivray, Thos. Wylly, 434; purchases confiscated 
land of John Graham, 512. 

Clay, O'Bryen & Howley, for Generals Greene & Wayne, purchase 
confiscated land of Alexander Wright, John Graham and Sir 
James Wright, 418. 

Clements, John, commissioned as Lieutenant, 186. 

Clements, John, purchases confiscated land of Robt McCormick, 
Samuel Douglass and Henry Younge, Jr., 596. 

Cochrane, James, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 71. 

Cochrane, Jonathan, takes oath as Justice of the Peace, 128; report 
of concerning ways and means of supplying dry goods, 191. 

Cockspur Island, cannon removed from, 94. 

Cockspur, no person to visit British ships at, 194. 

Coddington, Francis, Letters of Marque granted to, 199. 

Coddington, Francis, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Goldsmith, 
450. 

Colcock, Job, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Coleman, Daniel, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414. 

Coleman, John, member first Executive Council, 306. 

Coleman, Reubeen, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Grierson, 592. 

Collins, Cornelius, purchases confiscated land of Samuel Farley, 542. 

Colonial laws of force, but no officers to enforce them, 274. 

Colville, Capt. William, to be arrested and brought to Savannah, 91. 

Commercial intercourse between Great Britain and American colo- 
nies prohibited, 273. 

Commissioners of White Bluff Road appointed, 163. 

Commissioners of Roads for St. Philip, 166. 

Commissioners of forfeited estates appointed in each county, 332. 

Committee appointed to draft resolution defining position of people 
of Georgia, 12. 

Committee appointed to obtain arms and ammunition reports, 84. 

Committee sent to confer with Gen. Lee on state of colony reports, 
150. 

Committee on loading vessels reports, 178. 

Committee of intelligence appointed, 243. 

Committee appointed to report qualifications of voters, 254- 

Committee appointed to consider militia laws, 256. 

Commons House of Assembly, election of members of, 34; large 
majority of members favorable to resistance, 34; address to, 34; 
reply of to Governor, 36; resolutions adopted by, 48; protests 
against legislative power in a Council appointed by the Crown, 



INDEX. 641 

51; conservative course of approved by all parish except St 
John, 54. 

Confiscation of property of rebels ordered, 273. 

Connell, William, appointed Adjutant, 167. 

Constables, oath of, 133. 

Constitutional Convention meets in Savannah the first Tuesday in 
October, 1776, 282; Journal of lost, 282. 

Constitution of 1777, 282; government, all power of, derived from 
the people, 283 ; three departments of separate and distinct, 283 ; 
Representatives in legislature, when and how elected, 283 ; elect- 
ed for one year only, 284; how distributed, 284; qualifications 
of, 285; elected by ballot, 287; oath of, 288; must hold no 
other office. Justice of Peace and officers of the militia excepted, 
288; Governor, by whom and when elected, 283; ineligible for 
more than one year out of three, 289; must reside at seat of 
government, 289; oath of, 290; must have resided three years 
in the State, 290; military title of, 292; House of Assembly, 
shall expire and be at an end yearly, 284; power and duties of, 
286; electors, qualification and duties of, 286; must vote in 
county of residence, 287; oath of, 287; nobility disqualified, 
287 ; - fine for neglecting to vote, 287 ; Congress, members of 
elected annually, 288; members of ex officio members of the 
legislature, 288; Governor and Executive Council, powers of, 
289; President of Executive Council, oath of, 290; to exercise 
powers of governor in certain cases, 291; Executive Council, 
President of, his oath, 290; to elect its own officers, 290; to 
examine all laws and ordinances, 291 ; how it proposes amend- 
ments, 291 ; may be sworn to secrecy, 291 ; oath of, 291 ; exec- 
utive power, continuation of, 292; transactions between legisla- 
tive and executive bodies, how carried on, 292; militia officers 
to serve during good behavior, 292; militia divided into battal- 
ions, 292; Superior Courts established, 292; organization and 
jurisdiction of, 293; cost and continuation of causes in, 295; 
disputes, where tried, 293; criminals, " where to be tried, 293; 
jury, judges of law and fact, 294; special jury provided for, 294; 
jurors, oath of, 294; grand jury to consist of not less than 
eighteen, 295; Court of Conscience, its jurisdiction, 295; exe- 
cution, stay of, 295 ; officers accountable to House of Assembly, 
295 ; records to be kept in every county, 295 ; estates not to be 
entailed, 295; distribution of, 296; Register of Probates to be 
appointed by the legislature in every county, 296 ; county officers, 
except Register of Probates and Justice of Peace, elected by 
the people, 296; free schools provided for, 296; court houses 



642 INDEX. 

and jails to be erected at expense of the State, 296; religion, 
free exercise of, 296; Great Seal, device of, 296; attorneys at 
law, licensed by the legislature, 297; fines, excessive, and ex- 
cessive bail prohibited, 297; habeas corpus, 297; freedom of the 
press and trial by jury, 297; clergymen can not sit in the legis- 
lature, 297. 

Constitution, how amended, 297. 

Continental Battalion to consist of eight companies, 78. 

Continental Congress, resolution of, 77; recommends arrest of per- 
sons unfriendly to the colonies, 93; recommends exportation of 
produce for the purchase of arms, ammunition, sulphur and salt- 
petre, 93; proceedings of Provincial Congress to be forwarded 
to, 242; preamble and resolutions adopted by on the loth July, 
1775, 244; delegates from this State to ask that Georgia be in- 
corporated with the United Provinces of North America, 258. 

Continental officers and enlisted men, pay of, 78. 

Continental officers, pay of, 195. 

Convention to convene on Tuesday 14th November, 212. 

Conyers, Captain, and his Company ask pay for their services, 73; 
to be paid, 74. 

Cope, Lewis, purchases confiscated land of Christopher F. Triebner, 
George Wcekley and John J. Zubly, 506, 

Corker, John, sentence of banishment revoked, 617. 

Corker, William, sentence of banishment revoked, 621. 

Council, the, members of under arrest to be released on parole, 
102. 

Council of Safety, the first, list of members of, 67; to keep up 
correspondence with other provinces and with the Conti- 
nental Congress, 67; Journal of, 68; rules for government 
of, 70; list of members of, 72; to advise continental dele- 
gates during recess of Provincial Congress, 259; resolves 
to burn Savannah if captured by the enemy, 272; provided 
for, 276; congratulates the President, 277. 

Court House, troops to be removed from, 133. 

Court of Ordinary, certain business of to be disposed of by 
the President, 215. 

Courvoisie, Francis, purchases confiscated land of John How- 
ard, 572. 

Cowper, Basil, elected member of Council of Safety, 74. 

Cowper, John, purchases confiscated land of Roger Kelsall, 
484. 

Cramer, Christopher, to be commissioned ist Lieutenant, 137. 

Crawford, Charles, appointed Justice of the Peace, 142. 



INDEX. 643 

Creighton, Alexander, relieved of penalty of confiscation and 
banishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 
612; not permitted to hold office for fourteen years, 613. 

Creitingdor, John, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 220. 

Cronelburgh, Elizabeth, purchases confiscated land of Jonathan 
Baucher, 522. 

Croker, Mrs., ordered to appear before the Board, 162; permit- 
ted to reside at Rosedew Plantation, 163. 

Crookshanks, Patrick, rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 

Crown officers not to leave Savannah, 88. 

Cubbage, George, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Young, 
450. 

Cuthbert, Ann, complaint of concerning new road, 177. 

Cuthbert, Seth John, purchases confiscated land of Robert 
Reid and wharf lot, 458; land of Peter Randolph, 544. 

Cuthbert, Seth John, and William Moore, with armed force 
to rescue Manson's servants, 84. 



Darien Committee, declaration of, 38. 

Dasher, Martin, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 220. 

Davies, Edward, affidavit of, 216. 

Davies, Myrick, elected President of Council, 409. 

Davies, Edward, purchases confiscated land of Basil Cowper, 

428. 
Davis, Clementius, purchases confiscated land of John Glenn, 

562. 
Davis, Meredith, confiscated negroes of Jas. Seymore delivered 

to, 604. 
Davis, Mirick, appointed magistrate, 149. 
Davis, Theophilus, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 220. 
Day, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of Sir James Wright, 

454. 

Dean, Stephen, commissioned as Captain, 159. 

Declaration of Independence, laid before Council of Safety 
and to be proclaimed on Saturday, 174; to be read at As- 
sembly House, Liberty Pole and the Battery, 176. 

Delegal, Philip, sentence of banishment revoked, 616. 

Dell, James, to be commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 145. 

Dell, Philip, permitted to go to St. Augustine, 167. 



644 INDEX. 

Delyon, Isaac, relieved of penalty of confiscation and banish- 
ment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 612; 
not permitted to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 
613. 

Demere, Raymond, purchases confiscated land of David John- 
stone, and house and lot, British property, in Savannah, 
464. 

Demerie, Raymond, purchases confiscated land of L. McGilliv- 
ray, John Jameison and Henry Sharp, 526; land of Raymond 
Demerie, Jr., purchases confiscated British property and 
land of John Glenn, 550. 

Demere, Raymond, Jr., relieved from the penalty of confiscation 
and banishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of 
amerced, 612; not permitted to vote or hold office for 
fourteen years, 613. 

Deveaux, Peter, purchases confiscated land of Basil Cowper, 
428. 

Dickenson, Stephen, to be commissioned ist Lieutenant, 145. 

Dickinson, Lee, and Capt. Scott, each propose to raise and 
bring into this state a troop of horse, 212. 

Distribution of representation in Congress, 254. 

Diwodie, James, purchases confiscated mill-stones of Sir James 
Wright, 440. 

Dixon, Robert, to be commissioned ist Lieutenant, i68. 

Dody, Thomas, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 72. 

Dollar, John, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Dawson, and 
a lot in Sunbury, 486. 

Dooly, John, commissioned as Captain, 72. 

Douglass, John, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146; sentence of banishment revoked, 621. 

Douglas, Samuel, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 
ties, 146. 

Dowd, Thomas, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 71. 

Downie, Isaac, relieved from penalty of confiscation and ban- 
ishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 
613. 

Downs, George, commissioned Captain, 220. 

Downs, Henry, appointed Justice of Peace, 142. 

Dows, Gideon, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Drayton, Wm. Henry, appears before the Georgia Convention, 
308; circulates in Georgia paper reflecting on state officials, 
308; reward offered for arrest of, 308, 309. 



INDEX. 646 

Drayton, Stephen, to be commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel, 

87; ordered to arrest Pace and Hall, 96; ordered to make 

draft of militia, 102. 
Drayton, Stephen, and Wm. Ewen, commissioners to South 

Carolina, report, 89. 
Dukart, John, commissioned as Captain, 150. 
Dunwoodie, Dr. James, chosen member of Council of Safety 

instead of John Wcrcat, 168. 
Dunwody, Doctor, takes seat as member of Council of Safety, 

182. 
Durgan, William, 'permitted to return and estate of amerced, 

612. 
Dysart, Cornelas, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Manson^ 

Peter Welsh, and Jas. Greyson, 578. 



East- Florida, no reprisals in without orders from the Presi- 
dent, 148; expedition against favored by the Council, 183. 

Ebenezer, militia on duty at, to be discharged, 126. 

Edwards, Peter, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146; sentence of banishment revoked, 621. 

Elbert, Samuel, purchases confiscated land of Sir James Wright 
and John Graham, 416. 

Elbert, Samuel, to be commissioned as Colonel, 87; to guard 
Causton's Bluff, loi; permitted to take bayonets and gun 
locks at Ebenezer, 120; orders to, 145; elected Lieutenant- 
Colonel of Continental regiment, 273. 

Elbert, Samuel, Edward Telfair and Joseph Habersham, ap- 
pointed to purchase arnis and ammunition, 85. 

Elliott, John, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 94. 

Emanuel, Levi, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 150. 

Estates of persons attainted forfeited to the state, 332. 

Evans, William, commissioned as Lieutenant, 189. 

Ewen, William, President Council of Safety, proclamation of 
ordering property owners to defend the city, 113; lays 
before Provincial Congress correspondence and other 
papers, 268. 



Farley, Benjamin, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 159. 
Farley, Joseph, going at large dangerous to American liberties^ 

146. 
Farley, Joseph, Jr., commissioned 2d Lieutenanty i6a 

4 r r^yml I 



646 INDEX. 

Ferrie, James, declared a free citizen of this state, 614. 
Few, William, appointed Justice of Peace, 143; member of 

Executive Council, 306; elected to Continental Congress, 

410. 
Fields, James, purchases confiscated land of James Hume and 

John 6. Maxwell, 470; lot in Sunbury, 494. 
First Regiment, officers of to do patrol duty during Christmas 

holidays, 80. 
Fishburn, Benjamin, purchases confiscated lot of John Graham, 

460. 
^Flack, James, purchases confiscated land of George Kingcaide, 

536. 
Fleming, James, purchases confiscated land of John Hume, 

590. 
Fleming, Mary, property and debts of her late husband, Thomas 

Fleming, vested in, 617. 
Fieri, John, to be commissioned as Captain, 137. 
Flour in Savannah River to be purchased at ten shillings per 

hundred, 186. 
Flyming, James, appointed Magistrate, 149. 
Folliott, Francis, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 220. 
Form of commission of representative in Provincial Congress, 

255. 
Forsythe, Robert, purchases confiscated land of George Bailie, 

588. 
Forsythe, Robert, purchases confiscated land of George Bailie, 

598. 
Fort, Arthur, member first Executive Council, 306. 
Forts to be built at Savannah and Sunbury, 197. 
Foulis, John, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 

147. 
Fox, Benjamin, sentence of banishment revoked, 624, 
Fox, David, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 159. 
Fox, John, sentence of banishment revoked, 617. 
Fox, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of William J. Young, 

476. 
Fox, William, appointed Magistrate, 149. 
Freeman, Holms, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Gordon 

and John Howard, 570. 
Frederica, military stores at, to be secured, 85. 
Frymout, John A., sentence of banishment revoked, 631. 
Fulton, John, member first Executive Council, 306. 
Furlow, John, sentence of banishment revoked, 626. 



INDEX. 647 



<jain8, Daniel, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Gordon and 
Burton Cabin, 570. 

-Oalache, James, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 71. 

Oalphin, Mr., proposition of to keep Indians quiet declined, 
125. 

Oarnet, Thomas, to be commissioned ist Lieutenant, 145. 

Garret, John, purchases confiscated land of John Jemisons, 
Chas. Wm. McKennen, Lewis Johnston, Sir James Wright 
and James Hume, 582. 

Georgia, first act of attainder, 326; second act of attainder, 373. 

-Georgia at the beginning of the Revolution, 7; censured by 
South Carolina for non-action, 7; last British province to 
join confederation, 7; in line with other provinces twelve 
months before Declaration of Independence, 8; unrest 
among her people after passage of Stamp Act, 8; one bat- 
talion of Continental troops for the defense of, ^T, two 
additional battalions for the defense of the colony of Geor- 
gia, 196; troops for the defense of to be enlisted in Virginia, 
North and South Carolina, 197; four galleys to be built 
for the defense of, 197; forts to be erected in, 197; to have 
sixty thousand dollars for the use of the Continental Bat- 
talions, 197; threatened attack upon, 205; motion to put 
Georgia upon same footing as other provinces, considera- 
tion of postponed, 234; petition of inhabitants of to the 
King, 264; province of Georgia in weak and defenseless 
situation, 300; overrun by British and Tories, 409. 

Gibbons, Mrs, Hannah, purchases iconfiscated land of Nathaniel 
Hall, 418. 

Gibbons, Thomas, relieved from penalty of confiscation and 
banishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 
612; not permitted to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 
613; not permitted to practice law for fourteen years, 613; 
rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 

Gibbons, William, elected member Council of Safety, 74. 

Gibbons, William, Noble W. Jones, Edward Telfair and John J. 
Zubly to appear before the Board and explain concerning 
new road, 177. 

■Girardeau, John Bohun, elected member Council of Safety, 74. 

-Girardeau, John, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 128. 



•48 INDEX. 

Glascock, Thomas^ purchases land of John Robinson and Peter 
Blythe, 526; of Wm. Manson, George Johnston, Peter 
Walsh, and Sir James Wright, 5^; of Reuben Sheralds and 
William Jones, 568; of William Johnston and Alexander 
Inglis, 584- 

Glen, John, Chairman of first meeting, instructed to write let- 
ters to all parishes inviting them to participate in the 
August meeting, 12; copy of letter to parishes, 12; qualifiea 
as Chief Justice, 119; letter from concerning jury box at 
Ebenezer, and also concerning repairing of Court House^ 
130; elected Chief Justice, ^1. 

Glen, John, relieved from penalty of confiscation and banish- 
ment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 612; 
not permitted to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 613. 

Glynn, John, rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 

Godby, William, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 150. 

Goldsmith, Thomas, permitted to go to Sunbury to see his 
family, 216. 

Goldsmith, Thomas, deceased, property of to be vested in 
Philip Hornby, 618. 

Goldwire, James, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 139; apppointed 
Magistrate, 149. 

Goldwire, Capt. James, and Lieut. Richard Scruggs, report of,, 
95; report James Pace and John Hall public enemies, 96. 

Goldwire, John, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Goodgion, William, appointed Justice of Peace, 142. 

Goods secreted on Savannah River to be seized, 166. 

Graham, John, permitted to leave the province, 117; to give ten 
thousand dollar bond before leaving province, 120. 

Great Ogechee, district of, to elect delegates to Provincial Con- 
gress, 98. 

Greene, John, purchases confiscated land of Thomas Fleming,. 
536. 

Griener, Casper, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 149. 

Grier, Robert, purchases confiscated land on White Marsh Is- 
land, 476; lot in Sunbury, 492. 

Grierson, James, appointed Justice of Peace, 142. 

Griner, Gasper, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Harriott, 510.. 

Griner, John, commissioned as Captain, 199. 

Ground work of a provisional government adopted, 274. 

Gunn, James, purchases confiscated house and lot of Levi Shef^ 
tall. 454. 



INDEX- C4» 

Gwinnett, Button, presents letter from John Hancock, 194; 
elected President and Commander-in-Chief, 305; issues 
proclamation ordering election for members of legislature, 
305; candidate for Governor, 305; challenges L. Mcintosh 
to mortal combat, 306; mortally wounded by Mcintosh, 
306; proclamation of forbidding the clearance of ships from 
Georgia harbours, 307. 

H 

Habersham, James, purchases confiscated land of Jno. Gruber, 
Jas. Harriott and Thos. Fleming, 508; of Jas. Herbert, 
Peter Blythe, Alexander Wylly and Josiah Taatnel, 530; of 
John Poison, 552. 

Habersham, James and John, petition of concerning proclama- 
tion offering reward for apprehension of Joseph Haber- 
sham, 201. 

Habersham, John, purchases confiscated land of John Mulryne, 
Benjamin Farley, house and lot of Benjamin Farley, house 
and lot of John Glen, 442. 

Habersham, Joseph, takes oath as member Council of Safety, 
82; to be commissioned as Major, 87; reward for apprehen- 
sion of, 200; petition in behalf of, 201; elected Major of 
Continental Regiment, 273. 

Habersham, Lieutenant-Colonel, representation of concerning 
bounty, 213. 

Hall, Lyman, admitted to a seat in Continental Congress, 62; 
elected to Continental Congress, 241. 

Hall, Nathaniel, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Hamilton, Robert, appointed Justice of Peace, 142; attends the 
Board, 165; qualifies as Justice of Peace, 166. 

Hamilton, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of Martin Weath- 
er ford, 558; list of confiscated negroes delivered to, 604; con- 
fiscated negro of Seymore delivered to, 605. 

Hancock, Francis, commissioned as Captain, 149; commissioned 
as Magistrate, 149. 

Handley, George, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Manson, 
566. 

Halluwell, Luther, purchases confiscated cattle of John Thomas, 
544. 



660 INDEX- 

Hardy, John, commissioned Captain of Artillery, 125; to employ 
boats and draft militia to bring cannon from Frederica, ijo. 

Hardy, Lieut. John, to reconnoitre sounds and inlets, 188. 

Hardy, John, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Goldsmith, 
British property on Great Ogechee Neck, 448; land of 
Thos. Goldsmith and lot of Simon Munroe, 492. 

Harris, David, purchases confiscated land of Philip Dill, 512. 

Harvey, Charles, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Hauthorn, Stephen, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Young,. 
486. 

Hawkins, James, purchases confiscated land of Daniel Howels, 
528. 

Hazard, Mr., claims negro wench and two children, 169. 

Heard, Stephen, chosen President of Council instead of Wells,. 
409; retires to North Carolina, 409. 

Heard's Fort, seat of government, 409. 

Heaton, Isaac, relieved from penalty of confiscation and ban- 
ishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 
613. 

Henderson, John, sentence of banishment revoked, 628. 

Herd, Barnard, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 160. 

Hewat, Andrew, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 147. 

Hill, John, presents petition for troop of horse in the Ceded 
Lands, 129. 

Hillary, Christopher, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Flem- 
ings, 520; of John Marshall and John Pigg, 532. 

Hillary, Christopher, and Wm. Mcintosh, purchase confiscated 
land of Kelsall & Spalding, John Poison and John Proctor, 
550. 

Holinger, Titus, to be paid for boat, 191. 

Holms, Robert, purchases confiscated land of John Hume, 470. 

Holzendorf, William, member first Executive Council, 306. 

Hooker, Nathan, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Hossaba, two boats to be stationed at, 205. 

House of Commons, address of to the K3ng pledging their loyal 
support in his effort to crush out rebellion in America, 268. 

Houstoun, James, letter from concerning Mr^ Hume's house, 
133. 

Honstoun, John, elected delegate to Continental Congress, 43; 
takes seat as member Council of Safety, 99: elected lo Con- 
tinental Congress^ 040; in«mber first BxecutiTe CouiNpily 



INDEX. 661 

306; elected Governor, 324; undertakes expedition against 
St. Augustine, 324; no Journal of his first legislature, 324; 
proclamation of forbidding exportation of salt, 325; impor- 
tant laws enacted by legislature of, 325. 

Houstoun, John, purchases confiscated land of Robt. McCor- 
mick and half not in Savannah of Chapman, 444. 

Houstoun, William, purchases confiscated land of George Hous- 
toun, 456; of Sir Patrick Houstoun, 496. 

Hovenden, Captain, prefers charges against Lieut. Pugh, 187. 

Howel, Caleb, purchases confiscated land of Philip Dill; black- 
smith's tools of Philip Dill, 510; commissioner to sell con- 
fiscated estates, 524. 

Howel, John, purchases confiscated land of Sir James Wright,. 

474. 
Howell, Daniel, to be commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, 145. 
Howell, Philip, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 139; appointed 

Magistrate, 149. 
Howell, Capt, and Capt. Chisolm, with their commands, to 

attend Col. Drajrton to the Back Country, 99. 
Howley, Richard, elected Governor, 409; leaves the state and 

takes seat in Continental Congress, 409. 
Howley, Richard, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Butler and 

Isaac Boileau, 452; land of John Glen, and house and lot 

in Sunbury, 482. 
Hume, James, sale of postponed, 166. 
Hume, John, going at large dangerous to American liberties^ 

146. 



Ihle, Jacob, commissioned as .2d Lieutenant, 137. 

Indians have to be paid for good officers, 303. 

Inglis, Alexander, act for relief of heirs of, 624. 

Inglis, John, going at large dangerous to American liberties^ 
147; orders for his enlargement, 161. 

Ingraham, James, sentence of banishment revoked, 621. 

Inman, Joshua, purchases confiscated land of William Ham- 
mond, 534; of Samuel Douglas, 594. 

Irvine, Alexander, purchases confiscated cattle of Isaac Heating,. 

538. 
Irvine, Jared, putchases confiscated land of Robt French, 536. 



862 INDEX. 



Jack, Samuel, appointed Justice of Peace, 142. 

Jack, Samuel, purchases confiscated land of Martin Weather- 
ford, and lot in Augusta, 558. 

Jackson, James, qualifies as Clerk of Court, 119; elected Clerk 
of Court, 277. 

Jackson, James, purchases confiscated lot of Josiah Tatnell, and 
land of Sir James Wright, 438; land of David Greene and 
Chas. Burnet, 532; list of confiscated negroes delivered to, 
603. 

Jackson, James, sentence of banishment revoked, 621. 

Jackson, William, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 140; appointed 
Justice for Kiokee District, 143. 

Jacobs, Jacob, presents account as Clerk of the Battalion, 173. 

James, Enoch, and other heirs of Wm. Durgan, proscribed, 
personal property of Durgan vested in, 629. 

Jamieson, John, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Jamison, John, admitted to House and presents resolutions of 
inhabitants of Savannah, 232. 

JeflFries, James, purchases confiscated land of Williamson, 498. 

Jenkins, John, purchases confiscated land of Sir James Wright, 
456. 

Jenkins, John, purchases confiscated lots in Sunbury, 494. 

Johnson, Andrew, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Johnson, John, sentence of banishment revoked, 621, 629. 

Johnson, Lewis, Jr., going at large dangerous to American lib- 
erties, 146. 

Johnson, Seybourne, appointed Lieutenant of Artillery, 213. 

Johnson, Thomas, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146; to remain prisoner at Mossman's house, 161. 

Johnson, , commissioned as Lieutenant, 220. 

Johnston, Andrew, commissioned as Captain, 186. 

Johnston, Andrew, relieved from penalty of confiscation and 
banishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 
612; not permitted to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 
613. 

Johnston, Ann, paid for hire of horse, 74. 

Johnston, Rachel, certain property to vest in, 622. 



INDEX. 663 

Johnston, Stephen, purchases confiscated cattle of William 
Coopers, Henry Cooper and Samuel Cowper, 522. 

Jollie, Martin, information concerning his disloyalty, 123; to 
be arrested, 124; detained in the province on parole, 144. 

Jones, Abraham, puichases confiscated house and lot of Sam- 
uel Douglass, 458. 

Jones, Edward, purchases confiscated lots of John Graham and 
house and lot of Alexander Creighton, 462. 

Jones, Henry, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Jones, John, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 143; appointed magis- 
trate, 149; member first Executive Council, 306; elected 
Speaker House of Assembly, 410. 

Jones, John, purchases confiscated cattle of David Russel, con- 
fiscated hogs of Ogilvies, land of Henry Sharps, grind stone 
purchased at sales in Savannah, and hand mill stone pur- 
chased in Savannah, 540. 

Jones, Noble, elected Speaker of House of Assembly, 306. 

Jones, Noble Wimberly, elected delegate to Continental Congress, 
43 ; elected to Continental Congress, 241 ; elected to Continental 
Congress, 41a 

Jones, William, sentence of banishment revoked, 617. 

Jones and Munro, attend the Board, 224. 



Kean, John, purchases confiscated land of Wm. McGillivray and 
Lachlan McGillivray, 428. 

Xeebler, John, commissioned as Captain, 220. 

Kell, John, to be commisioned 2d Lieutenant, 145. 

Xelly, Mr., authorized to make reprisals in East-Florida, 160. 

Kelly, William, purchases confiscated land of Edward Crawford, 574. 

Kemp, Solomon, banished, permitted to remain in this State seven 
years, 613; estate of vested in his wife and children, 613. 

Kennon, William, Continental Com. General, draft on for eight 
thousand dollars, 218. 

Kincaid, George, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 

King, John, purchases confiscated land of Chas. Wm. McKennen and 
Wm. Manson, 586. 

Kitching, James, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 

Knowles, Francis, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146. 

Kyokee and Broad River, dissent of inhabitants of to action of Au- 
gust meeting, 22; names of dissenters, 23. 



664 INDEX. 



Lamar, John, commissioned as Captain, 220. 

Lamar, John, purchases confiscated land of James Grierson, 564; of 
Wm. Manson, 592; list of negroes delivered to, 605. 

Lamar, Zachariah, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Waters, 570. 

Lanier, Benjamin, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

I^anier, Lemuel, purchases confiscated negroes of L. McGillivray, 478 ; 
confiscated negroes of John Thomas, 536. 

Lauder, James, purchases confiscated land of John Graham, 590. 

Laurens, Henry, President of Council of Safety of South Carolina^ 
letter from, 94. 

Laws, all, common or statute, heretofore of force in this province 
to continue, 276. 

Laws enacted by the legislature of 1781^ 411. 

Lawson, Hugh, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 524; pur- 
chases confiscated lot in Queensborough, land of Robt McCor- 
mick, 594; lot of Sir James Wright, 600. 

Lawson, John, Jr., commissioned 3<1 Lieutenant, 145. 

Lawson, Roger, appointed Magistrate, 1491 

Leak, Richard, purchases confiscated land of A. Carney and Jas. 
Spalding, 548. 

Le Conte, William, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 128. 

Le Conte, William, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Butler, 452. 

Lecraft, John, purchases confiscated land of Geo. Weekley, 516. 

Lee, Captain, presents account for payment, 131 ; applies for a boat,. 
160; authorized to enlist men, 160. 

Lee, General, waits on the Board and makes certain enquiries, 179; 
requests advance of money, 187; letter from concerning pur- 
chase of wagons, 189; letter from concerning removal of stock 
from Sea Islands, 190; requested to advise the Continental 
Congress of the peculiar situation of Georgia, 302. 

Legislature, the, adjourns to Augusta, 274. 

Legislature of 1777, important laws enacted by, 322. 

Legislature, the second, meets in Savannah sixth January, 1778^ 324. 

Legislature, repeated efforts to convene, 400; new legislature elected 
in December, 1779, 40B; meets in Augusta on January 4, 1781^ 
409; a new legislature elected in December, 1781, and meets at 
Augusta in January, 1782, 411. 

Legislative powers vested in Provindal Congress, 277. 

Leion, David, declared a free citizen of this State, 614. 

Leilibridge, Hampton, purchases confiscated land of Sir Ja 
Wright And British property oti Great Ogeche^ 438. 



INDEX. 666 

Letter from Jones, Bulloch and Houstoun to the President of the 
Continental Congress, 63. 

Letter, copy of, to delegates convening convention at Savannah, 214. 

Lewis, David, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 139. 

Lewis, Francis, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Jones, 470. 

Lewis, Josiah, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Lewis, Thomas, appointed Magistrate, 149; commissioned ist Lieu- 
tenant, 150. 

Lewis, Thomas, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414. 

Light Infantry and Grenadier to be discharged from doing dqty in 
Savannah, 173. 

List of persons attainted of high treason by patriot legislature of 
Georgia, 328. 

List of persons proscribed by royal disqualifying act at Savannah^ 
348. 

List of persons attainted of high treason by royal legislature at Sa- 
vannah, 365. 

List of persons attainted by the patriot legislature of Georgia, 374. 

Little, Thomas, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Lloyd, Benjamin, purchase confiscated land of Robt Wm. Powel, 
lot of Isaac Boileau and lot joining same, 460. 

Lloyd, Edward, purchases confiscated house and lot of Comick, 474. 

Lock, William, confiscated negro delivered to, 604. 

Lord, William, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Love, John, purchases confiscated land of Peter Blythe, 518. ^^ "S > "^ , 

Lovett, Thomas, commissioned Lieutenant, 199. 

Lowe, Phillip, purchases confiscated land of Dr. Irvine and a lot in 
Savannah, 456; a lot in Sunbury, land of Williamson and Da- 
vid Delegal, 48a 

Lucas, John, purchases confiscated land of Lewis Johnson, Jr., Brit- 
ish property on Little Ogechee, house and lot of John Simpson, 
and house and lot of Henry Yonge, Jr., 448; of Christopher 
Triebner, 504. 

Lumber, attempt to ship to West Indies in violation of restraints of 
Congress, 81. 

Lunday, Theophilus, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, X26. 

Lunday, Theophilus, purchases confiscated land of Philip Dill, 514. 

Lundy, Archibald, goods sold to Thos. Young by to be retained by 
commissary and sold to the people; 227; contract with null and 
void, 228. 

Lyfofd, William, going at large daogerotss to American liberties, 
146. 



.>.a': 



-'♦ » * «* tr> *- -* 



«66 INDEX. 

M 

Aiackay, Charles, commbsioned ist Lieutenant, aao. 

Jhlagazine, public, one hundred negroes to be impressed to enclose, 

i» 
Magistrates, instructions to, 254. 

Mann, Luke, commissioned as Captain, 95; presents account, 209. 
Mann, Luke, purchases confiscated land of Greenwood and Higgin- 

son, 518. 
Manson, William, complains that his indented servants are enlisted 

in South Carolina commands, 82; orders thereon, 83, 84. 
Marberry, Leonard, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Grierson, 560. 
Marbury, Capt. Leonard, ordered to arrest Few for murder of In- 
dian, 128; permitted to lead detachment against Cherokee 
towns, 185. 
Marbury, Capt., and Capt. Hovenden, to assist Col. Mcintosh, 148. 
Marshall, Matthew, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 220. 
Martin, Alexander, going at large dangerous to American lib- 
erties, 146. 
Martin, Clement, sale of niegroes of forbidden by the President, 

207. 
Martin, Governor, list of confiscated negroes delivered to, 607. 
Martin, James, commissioned Lieutenant, 186; commissioned 

1st Lieutenant, 220. 
Martin, James, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414; 
purchases confiscated land of John Fox, and a lot of Sir 
James Wright, 446; land of John Graham, 464. 
Martin, John, elected Governor, 411. 
Martin, John, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 

146. 
Martin, Oliver, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Belfair, 530. 
Mason, Major,, authorized to hire wagons, 204. 
Mathews, William, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Grierson 

and Lewis Johnston, Sr., 564. 
Maxwell, James and others, appointed road commissioners for 

St. Philip's Parish, 166. 
Maxwell, Thomas, John Kell, Thos. Peacock, John Winn, Sr., 
a committee to load and dispatch vessels at Sunbury, 188. 
May, Moses, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 7i- 
Maybank, Andrew, commissioned Captain, 71. 
McCandlas, John, commissioned as Captain, 186. 
McCormick, John, deposition of concerning Indian disturbances, 
zaa. 



INDEX. 66T 

M^Cormick, Paul, unsold property of to be vested in Francis* 

M'Cormick, 621. 
McCredie, Porteous, &c., to be released on bond, 203. 
M 'Donald, John, sentence of banishment revoked, 616. 
McFarland, Capt. James, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 160. 
McGoun, Alexander, going at large dangerous to American lib- 
erties, 146. 
Mcintosh, Colonel, to re-inforce detachment at Sunbury, 136;. 
to make a stand against troops of Indians from Augustine, 
148; to make a stand at Satilla, 148; to send detachment to 
arrest Wm. Love and Chas. Hall, 157; to send guards to 
Ogechee and Skidaway, I73> 
Mcintosh, Colonel, Col. Scriven, Capt. Baker and Capt. Wood- 
ruffe to go as volunteers to East-Florida, 168. 
Mcintosh, George, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 128. 
Mcintosh, John, purchases confiscated land of John Kingcade* 
and Samuel Douglass, and British property of White Marsh 
Island, 422; confiscated British land on Bull Town Swamp,. 
500. 
Mcintosh, Lachlan, elected Colonel of Continental regiment, 
273; gratified at Gwinnett's defeat by Treutlen, 306. 
' Mcintosh, William, purchases confiscated house and lot of Levi 
Sheftal and of Thos. Fleming, and confiscated British- 
property on White Marsh Island, 466. 
Mcintosh, Capt. William, ordered to capture Wright's Fort and 
garrison, 124; ordered to proceed to Florida and arrest 
Martin Jollie, 124; powder and ball to be supplied to, 124; 
ordered to build fort, 127; to remove stock; 128; to appre- 
hend Few for murder of Indian, 128. 
Mcintosh, William, Jr., purchases confiscated land of Thos.. 
Young, 500; of John Thomas, Robt. Miller, George King- 
cade, Robert Henderson; sundry article's, confiscated prop- 
erty of John Thomas, and land of Russel, 524; confiscated 
land of James Carson, 554; one-half interest in Spirit Greet 
saw mills, 556; confiscated land of Thos. Walters, Henry 
Williams, Daniel Phillips and Samuel Wilkins, 568. 
McKay, James, purchases confiscated land of Robt. Henderson,. 

530; of John Poison, 552. 
McKay, Jannet, purchases confiscated land of Daniel B. Mcin- 
tosh and Chas. McDonald, 482. 
McKinen, Chas. Wm., going at large dangerous to Americatt 
liberties, 146. 



«58 INDEX. 

McKnight, Mrs., rum to be redelivered to, 137. 

McLean, Andrew, application to go to Cockspur refused, 127; 
attends the Board and answers charges, 129. 

McLean, Andrew, purchases confiscated land of Samuel Doug- 
lass, 466. 

McLean, John, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414; 
purchases confiscated land of Donald Frazer, 450. 

McLeod, Donald, declared a free citizen of this state, 614; un- 
sold property of vested in his legal representatives, 627. 

MicMurphy, Daniel, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 139; appointed 
Magistrate, 149. 

McMurphy, Daniel, purchases confiscated land of Phillip Hel- 
vinston, Henry Sharp, Joseph Marshal, cattle of Thos. 
Betty, James Robinson and D. Russell, 532; land of Arthur 
Carney, 554; houses of Jas. Ingram, 564. 

McQueen, John, purchases confiscated land of Robt. Porteus 
and Alexander Rose, 426; land of Robt. McCormick, 598. 

Meeting held in response to first call and letter read from 
other provinces, 11; only a few parishes represented at 
first meeting, 12; adjourned to the tenth August, 13; proc- 
lamation forbidding August meeting, 14; proclamation dis- 
regarded and meeting held, 15; resolutions adopted by Au- 
gust meeting, 15; meeting of citizens in Savannah, to elect 
Council of Safety, 67. 

Merrine, David, commissioned as Lieutenant, 186. 

Middleton, Charles, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 117. 

Militia to draw rations and be paid as South Carolina militia, 
97; militia now on duty to be paid one shilling six pence 
per day, 100; first regiment of militia to be drafted and 
brought to town for duty, 136; to do duty in parish of their 
residence, 141; militia in Back Settlements to secure prop- 
erty of persons about to depart the province, 186; to be 
drafted into three divisions, 206; one-third of militia to be 
drafted and employed as scouts on frontier, 221; re-or- 
ganized, 273; officers of militia to serve during good be- 
havior, 292; divided into battalions, 292. 

Milledge, John, purchases confiscated land of Andrew More, 
560. 

Miller, Nathaniel, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Miller, Samuel, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Mills, Thomas, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 168. 



INDEX. 6S9 

Mills, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of Phillip Moore, 
464. 

Milne, John, declared a free citizen of this state, 614. 

Mincey, Abraham, sentence of banishment revoked, 617. 

Mitchell, John, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Moody, Thomas, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Moore, John, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Knox, 416. 

Moore, Matthew, unsold property of to be vested in his chil- 
dren, 619. 

Moore, Philip, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146; ordered into close confinement, 221; communication 
from concerning indigo, 222, 223. 

Moore, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of John Jameison, 
562. 

Morel, Mary, petition of concerning land granted John Rey- 
nolds, 210. 

Morell, John, purchases confiscated land of Samuel Douglass, 
John Mulryne, house and lot in Savannah, and house and 
lot of Lewis Johnston, 426. 

Morell, Peter Henry, purchases confiscated wharf and lot of John 
Wand and land of William Jones, 460. 

Morris, Capt. Thomas, ordered to seize boats, 184; to fit up row 
boats, 185. 

Morrison, John, commissioned ist Lieutenant, 72. 

Morrison, John, purchases confiscated negroes of L. McGillivray, 
478; confiscated land of George Johnston, 534; list of confis- 
cated negroes delivered to, 606. 

Mossman, James, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146. 

Mulryne, John, ordered to be arrested, loi ; released on parole, 105. 

Mulryn, John, banished, permitted to remain in the State for seven 
years, 613. 

Munro, Harry, estate of vested in heirs of Simon Munro, 627. 

Munro, Simon, sentence of banishment removed from, 615. 

Murray, Lucia, purchases confiscated house and lot of Samuel Far- 
ley, 424. 

Murray, Mr., permitted to leave province on giving bond, 120. 

Murray, Mrs., application for leave to send for runaway negroes 
at Cockspur refused, 200. 



660 INDEX. 

N 

Names of dissenters in Governor Wright's meeting, ao; names of 
minors and deceased persons signed to papers of dissent, 21; 
names of dissenters in Kyokee and Broad River settlements, a3; 
names of subscribers to association formed in Provincial Con- 
gress, 47. 

Negro pilots to be confined, 184. 

Negroes belonging to persons <whose estates have been confiscated^ 
614. 

Neidlinger, Mrs. Sybilla, presents account, 131. 

Netherdift, Thomas, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146. 

Netherdift, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Reid, land 
on Green Island and land of Robt Porteus, 444. 

Newson, Solomon, purchases confiscated land of John Furlow, 568. 

Nichols, Mrs. Ann, petition of referred to Congress, 137. 

Niseler, John Adams, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 199. 

No Journal of John Houstoun's legislature, 324. 

Non-associates to be disarmed, loi. 

Nudigate, Mr., commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 2og. 



Oath required to be taken by the royal disqualifjring act, 360. 

Gates, William, sentence of banishment revoked, 628. 

O'Brien, John, convicted of counterfeiting, pardoned and permitted 
to enlist as a soldier, 209. 

O'Brien, William, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 164. 

O'Brien, Wm., and Thos. Ross, appointed to tender test oath, 167. 

O'Bryen, William, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Young, land 
known as the "Ship Yard," and land of Griffith Williams, 436; 
confiscated land of Christopher Frederick Triebner and John J. 
Zubly, 514; land of A. Carney, Capt. Ords and John Graham, 
548. 

O'Bryen & Stirk, purchase confiscated land of Lightinston, lot of 
Tisdale, house and lot of Robt Smith, house and lot of Hume, 
house and lot of Zubly, lot, stores and wharf of Samuel Doug- 
lass, lot of John Johnston and house and lot of John Simpson, 
436. 

Odingsell, Charles, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 159. 

pdingsells, Charles, commisioner to sell confiscated estates, 414; 
purchases confiscated land of P. Delegall, 468; of Christopher 



INDEX. 661 

F. Tricbncr, John Goldwire, Abraham Minccy, and William 

Powel, 506. 
Offert, Archibald, purchases confiscated land of James Grierson, 56a 
Officers taken prisoners not to be paroled, 163. 
Ogechee River, cannon to be sent to, 185. 

Oswell, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of Thomas Young, 486. 
Overseers and negroes, houses of to be searched for arms, 92. 



Palmer, John, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Rutherford, 542. 
Palmer, Thomas, deposition of, 190; enlarged, and to give bond to 

remain in Savannah, 19a 
Pannel, Joseph, purchases one gelding of Thos. Betty, 540. 
Panton, William, to have no powder and to ship no produce to Flor- 
ida, 90; going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 
Paper money to be issued, *j*j ; to be issued and lodged in the treas- 
ury, 89; paper money authorized to meet expenses, 273. 
Paris, Peter, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414; purchases 

confiscated land of David Johnston, 442. 
Parishes, only a few represented in first meeting, 12. 
Parochial Committee, to secure goods for the use of the people of 

this province, 131 ; to collect fines from non-associates, 131. 
Patterson, John, commissioned as Lieutenant, 186. 
Patterson, Mr., to be commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 137. 
Patton, John, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 
Pay of a Battalion in the Continental service, 226; pay of artillery- 
men, 226. 
Peacock, William, member first Executive Council, 306. 
Pearce, William, & Nathaniel Pendleton, purchase confiscated land 

of Thos. Johnston, 444. 
Pennal, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Manson, 574. 
Perrea, Nathaniel, purchases confiscated land of Basil Cooper, 588. 
Perrie, William, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 220. 
Persons attainted of high treason banished forever from the State, 

330. 
Petterson, John, purchases confiscated cattle of Wm. Mangrum, 538. 
Philips, George, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 72. 
Phoenix, Captain, petition of to be appointed Adjutant referred to 

field officers, 127. 
Pickron, Aaron, conunissioned as Lieutenant, 199. 
Piercy, Rer. Mr., requested to preach sermon at opening of Con- 
gress, 97. , . 
lSrr*««l 



662 INDEX. 

Polhill, Nathaniel, act proscribing repealed, 620; widow of, to have 
one-half of his estate, 621. 

Pooler, Quintin, certain negroes must be delivered to» 142; to de- 
liver to Thomas Burton certain negroes, 157 ; to be arrested for 
refusal to obey orders concerning negroes, 163; to be arrested 
by Provost Marshal for contempt, 164. 

Porteous, Robert, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
147 ; relieved from penalty of confiscation and banishment, 612 ; 
permitted to return and estate of amerced, 612; not permitted 
to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 613. 

Powel, Josiah, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414; 
purchases confiscated land of Stead, a British subject, 502. 

Powell, William, sentence of banishment revoked, 624. 

Pray, Captain, ordered to St. Thomas to procure seamen, arms 
and ammunition, 208. 

Prefatory Note, 3. 

President of Council of Safety, to write letters to absent mem- 
bers, 70; lays before the Board accounts with the public 
170; orders First Battalion of First Regiment to relieve 
regulars, 224; orders commanding officers in St. Matthew, 
St. George, St. Paul and the Ceded Lands to hold their 
commands in readiness to march, 224. 

President, the, Mr. Cochrane and Mr. Girardeau a secret com- 
mittee to bring in arms and ammunition, 162. 

President of Provincial Congress authorized to appoint secret 
committee, 241; appoints seven persons to be a secret com- 
mittee, 243. 

President and Council to appoint magistrates, 276. 

Preston, Henry, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Printing Office to be searched, 100. 

Prisoners in house of Mr. Mossman allowed the rations of the 
militia, 159. 

Provincial Congress, the first, meets at Savannah the eighteenth 
of January, 1775, 42; association entered into by members 
of, 43; communication of St. John's Committee to, 54; 
answer of to St. John's Committee, 55; a new Provincial 
Congress to be elected, 76; summoned to meet on the 20th 
January, 1776, 80; vacancies in to be filled by election, lai; 
meets on 4th July, i775» at Tondee's Long Room, Savannah, 
228, 229; request Governor Wright to appoint a day of 



INDEX. J663 

fasting and prayer, 231; resolutions of adopting the meas- 
ures and recommendations of the Continental Congress, 
235; address of to Governor Wright, 249; association en- 
tered into by Provincial Congress on July 13, 1775, 252; 
term at this Congress to expire on the 20th of August, 
and a new election to be held between the twentieth of 
August and the first of September, 257; adjourns to the 
19th August, 259; address of, to the inhabitants of Geor- 
gia^ 260; delegates to, favorable to the contentions of the 
people, elected in every parish and district, 268; meets 
on the twentieth of January, 1776, and elects Archibald 
Bulloch President, 268; adjourns without answering Gov- 
ernor Wright's letter, 272; provides for organization of a 
regiment on the continental basis, 273; preamble and resolu- 
tions adopted by, 274; to elect a President and Commander- 
in-Chief, 276. 

Provincial Congress and Council of Safety authorized to issue 
certificates of indebtedness to the amount of f 10,000, 252. 

Provincial Congress, members of, from the Town and District 
of Savannah: Archibald Bulloch, Noble Wimberly Jones, 
Joseph Habersham, Jonathan Bryan, Ambrose Wright, Wil- 
liam Young, John Glen, Samuel Elbert, John Houstoun, 
Oliver Bowen, John McCluer, Edward Telfair, Thomas 
Lee, George Houstoun, Joseph Reynolds, John Smith, Wil- 
liam Ewen, John Martin, Doctor Zubly, William Bryan, 
Philip Box, Philip AUman, William O'Brian, Joseph Clay, 
Seth John Cuthbert, 229. From District of Vernonburgh: 
Joseph Butler, Andrew Elton Wells, Matthew Roche, Jr., 
229. From District of Acton: David Zubly, Basil Cowper, 
William Gibbons, 229. From Sea Island District: Col. 
Deveaux, Col. de La Gall, James Bulloch, John Morrill, 
John Bohun Gerreadieu, John Barnard, Robert Gibson, 229. 
From District of Little Ogechec: Francis Henry Harris, 
Joseph Gibbons, James Robertson, 230. From Parish of 
Saint Mathew: John Stirk, John Adam Treutlen, George 
Walton, Edward Jones, Jacob Waldhauer, Philip Howell, 
Isaac Young, Jenkin Davis, John Morel, John Flurl, Charles 
McKay, Christopher Cramer, 230. From Parish of St. 
Philip: Col. Butler, William Le Conte, William Maxwell, 
James Maxwell, Stephen Drayton, Adam Fowler Brisbane, 
Luke Mann, Hugh Bryan, 230. From Parish of St. George: 
Henry Jones, John Green, Thomas Burton, William Lord, 



664 INDEX. 

David Lewis, Benjamin Lewis, James Pugh, John Fulton, 
230. From Parish of Saint Andrew: Jonathan Cochran» 
William Jones, Peter Tarlin, Lachlan Mcintosh, William 
Mcintosh, George Threadcraft, John Wereat, Roderick 
Mcintosh, John Witherspoon, George Mcintosh, Allan 
Stewart, John Mcintosh, Raymond Demere, 250. From 
Parish of Saint David: Seth John Cuthbert, William Wil- 
liams, Sr., 230. From Parish Saint Mary: Daniel Ryan» 
230. From Parish Saint Thomas: John Roberts, 23a 
From Parish of Saint Paul: John Walton, Joseph Mad- 
dock, Andrew Burns, Robert Rae, James Rae, Andrew 
Moore, Andrew Burney, Leonard Marbury, 230. From 
Parish Saint Johns: James Screven, Nathan Brownson, 
Daniel Roberts, John Baker, Sen., John Bacon, Sr., James 
Maxwell, Edward Ball, William Baker, Sr., William Bacon^ 
Jr., John Stephens, John Winn, Sr., 230. 

Provisions, scarcity of in 1777, 310. 

Provost Marshal, to take into custody the negroes of Clement 
Martin, deceased, 219. 

Public officers, compensation of, 277. 

Public papers at Ebenezer to be brought to Savannah by Jamea 
Whiteiield, 168. 

Pugh, Lieutenant, dismissed from service, 187. 



Queensboro, inhabitants of ask for ammunition, 156. 

R 

Rae, Colonel, ammunition delivered to, 156. 

Rae, Robert, appointed Justice of Peace, 142. 

Rahn, Matthias, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 149. 

Rains, Capt. John, application of concerning rum, 203. 

Rambsay, Mrs. Agnes, permitted to leave the province, 126. 

Randell, John B., going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Randolph, George, commissioned as 2d Lieutenant, lao. 

Rations for soldiers, quantity and kind, 19S. 

Ravott, Abraham, commissioned at Captain, 145; appointed 
Magistrate, X40- 



INDEX. 666 

Ravot, Abraham, purchases confiscated land of Phillip Dill, con- 
fiscated sheep of Phillip Dill, hogs of John Nappers and 
Theos. Triplets, and land of James Pace, 518; appointed 
commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 524; purchases 
confiscated cattle of Jeremiah Rogers, 540. 

Read, Jacob, purchases confiscated land of Greenwood & Higginson, 
Sir James Wright, lot of W. Wylly and Campble Wylly, 420. 

Read, William, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 

Read, Dr. William, purchases confiscated land of Sir James Wright, 
house and lot of Phillip Delegall, 454. 

Records, many important known to have been lost, 3 ; how lost, 4. 

Red, James, to be commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 1491 

Rehm, Frederick, purchases confiscated land of Jos. Johnston, 508. 

Reid, Robert, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 

Reid, Thomas, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 146. 

Rendezvous camp established at Medway meeting house, 225. 

Resolutions adopted by the Aug^ust meeting, 15; dissent to, 18; res- 
olutions adopted by the Commons House of Assembly, 48. 

Resolutions of the South Carolina Congress, 108. 

Resolution urging peace, good order and harmony in the province, 

259. 

Restar, Frederick, commissioned 1st Lieutenant, 149. 

Rester, Frederick, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 95. 

Rice, Joseph, ordered to report to Capt. Stirk, loo. 

Rice not to be exported from the province, 89 ; no ship loaded with 
rice or other produce to leave the province, 112. 

Ridgley, Frederick, purchases confiscated land of Grey Elliott, 50a 

Roberts, Daniel, commissioned 1st Lieutenant, 94; takes oath as 
Justice of Peace, 131; appointed Magistrate, 149; lays aocounts 
before the Board, 166. 

Roberts, Drurey, commissioned Lieutenant, 186. 

Roberts, James, commissioned ist Lieutenant, 126. 

Robertson, James, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146; letter from concerning his confinement, 161; permitted to 
sell goods at Mr. Hume's plantation, 172. 

Rolfs, Frederick, purchases confiscated land of James Herbert, 528. 

Rose, Alexander, relieved from penalty of confiscation and banish- 
ment, 612 ; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 612 ; not 
permitted to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 613. 

Ross, Malcolm, declared a free citizen of this State, 614. 

Ross, Thomas, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 163. 

Royal disqualifying act, 348. ' V 

Royal act of attainder, 364; act amending same, 371. f I ';. 



666 INDEX. 

Rudders of ships in port to be unshipped and rigging and sails to 

be taken away, 112. 
Ryal, John, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 15a 
Ryal, William, commissioned as 3d Lieutenant, 15a 
Ryan, James, purchases confiscated land of James Harriott, 51a 



Sabbath Day, the, selling goods on prohibited, 177. 

Sales of Confiscated Estates made at Ebenezer, 414; held at White 
Oak Plantation, 481 ; sales at Savannah of Liberty County prop- 
erty, 498; sales of confiscated estates held at Ebenezer, 504; 
Effingham County sales held at Savannah, 516; sales of con- 
fiscated estates in Burke County, 524; sales of confiscated lands 
for Glynn and Camden Counties, 547; in Richmond County, 
556; in Wilkes County, 567; in counties of Richmond and 
Burke, 5&. 

Sallens, Robert, purchases confiscated cattle of Alexander Creigh- 
ton, 502. 

Saltus, Samuel, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 130; appointed Mag- 
istrate, 149. 

Sanders, Jesse, purchases confiscated land of Chas. Wm. McKennen, 
586. 

Sanders, Roger, purchases confiscated land of Robt. Bailie, 490. 

Sandiford, John, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Sapalo, two boats to be stationed at, 205. 

Savage, Thomas, thanked for offer of his schooner, 225. 

Savannah, public meeting in, in 1769, resolutions adopted by, 8 ; per- 
sons discharging fire arms in to be disarmed, 99; houses of pa- 
triots and also houses of widows and orphans to be appraised, 
no; committee appointed to appraise houses in, no; property 
of persons leaving to be considered abandoned, in; Savannah 
and ships in port of to be burned rather than fall into hands of 
enemy, in; merchants in to dispose of goods for the use of 
the public, 173; copy of resolutions adopted by Savannah meet- 
ing, 232; same to be considered, 242; delegates from, together 
with such other delegates as may happen to be in town, to be a 
General Committee for the province, 257; to be burnt if cap- 
tured by the enemy, 272; captured by the British and State 
government dispersed, 398. 

Saxton, Nathaniel, commissioned as Captain of militia, 125; to 
draft certain militia and require them to report every day, 136; 
required to attend the Board, 141. 



INDEX. 667 

Scriven, Colonel, ordered to draft part of militia to bring cannoD 
from Frederica, 144; to arrest Spalding and Porteous and send 
them to Savannah, 185. 

Scriven, James, to be commissioned as Captain, 94; takes oath as 
Justice of Peace, 150; appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Scriven, John, to be commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 94. 

Sea Islands, inhabitants of to form a separate company, 98. 

Shand, Peter, commissioned as Captain, 126. 

Sharp, Cordy, sentence of banishment revoked, 624. 

Sharp, Henry, to be taken into custody as dangerous to peace of the 
province, 189; unsold property of to be vested in his children, 
619. 

Sharp, James, purchases confiscated land of John Brown, 544. 

Shawn, Peter, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Sheftal, Levi, appointed commissary, 90. 

Sheftall, Levi, relieved from penalty of confiscation and banishment,, 
612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 612; not per- 
mitted to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 613; rights of 
citizenship granted to, 617. 

Sheftall, Mordecai, purchases confiscated land of Alexander Wylly,. 
476 ; of Joseph Marshall and Thos. Rediford, 542. 

Shick, Frederick, purchases conRscated lot of John Graham, 472. 

Ship "Invemy" to be lightened and brought to Savannah, if possible,. 
87; if not, to be scuttled, 88. 

Simpson, John, permitted to leave the province, 119. 

Simpson, John, admitted to House and presents resolutions of in- 
habitants of Savannah, 232. 

Skinner, Thomas, sentence of banishment revoked, 631. 

Skinner, William, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146. 

Skirving, William, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Thompson 
and Thos. Gibbons, 422. 

Smith, Rev. Mr. Haddon, censured by Congress, 258. 

Smith, John, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Smith, Joshua, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 72. 

Smith, Robert, goods of to be secured for public use, 131. 

South Carolina, censures Georgia for non-action, 7; resolutions 
adopted by non-intercourse committee of, 57; seeks to absorb 
Georgia, 308; overtures of, rejected, 308. 

South Carolina, recruiting officers from not to enlist men in Geor- 
gia, 223. 

Spalding, James, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146; relieved from penalty of confiscation and banishment, 612; 



668 INDEX. 

permitted to return and estate of amerced, 612 ; not permitted to 

vote or hold office for fourteen years, 613 ; rights of citizenship 

granted to, 617. 
Spalding & Preston, to be committed to the guard-house, 200; to be 

released on bond, 203. 
Spears, Alexander, rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 
Spencer, John, South Carolina recruiting officer, ordered to return 

Manson's servants, 83 ; declines to surrender Hanson's servants, 

84. 
Spirituous liquors, sale of in Savannah without license prohibited, 

177. 
Stafford, Joshua, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 95 ; commissioned 2d 

Lieutenant, 149. 
Stallings, James, purchases confiscated land'Of David Russell, Jas. 

Robertson, Thos. Betty, and confiscated cattle of Gilbert Fyfe, 

526; confiscated land of John Mulryne, Josiah Tatnall, Chas. 

Wm. McKennen and Jas. Hume, 584 ; list of confiscated negroes 

delivered to, 602; confiscated negroes of Jas. Seymore deliv- 
ered to, 605; confiscated negroes of Henry Young and others 

delivered to, 606. 
Stalligs, James, purchases confiscated negroes of L. McGillvray, 478 ; 

confiscated negroes delivered to, 604. 
Standing army in time of peace against the law, 53. 
St Andrew's Parish, declaration of people of, 37; names of signers 

to declaration, 38. 
State government, all efforts to maintain irregular, 402. 
St Catherine, two boats to be stationed at, 205. 
Steel, Capt. Elijah, rum taken from to be paid for in Continental 

currency, 121. 
Steiner, Christian, to be commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 137. 
Stephen, William, qualifies as Attorney General, 119; qualifies 

as Justice of Peace, 164; elected Attorney General, 277. 
Stephens, William, political disabilities removed from, 610. 
Stevens, William, pupchases confiscated land of James Hume, 

590. 
Stewart, Ann, purchases confiscated house and lot of Mathew 

Stewart, 462. 
Stewart, John, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 167; commissioned 

as Lieutenant, 169. 
Stewart & Cameron, Indian Agents, create dissent among 

Creeks and Cherokees, 268. 
St. George's Parish, inhabitants of dissent to the action of the 
August meeting, 30; names of dissenters, 31. 



INDEX. 669 

"Stiles, Benjamin, purchases confiscated land of Cox and Hughes, 

480. 
Stirk, Colonel, ordered to assist Provost Marshal in arresting 

Quintin Pooler, 166. 
Stirk, John, appointed Magistrate, 149. 
Stirk, Samuel, elected to Continental Congress, 411. 
Stirk, Samuel, purchases confiscated land of Jas. Mossman, 

house and lot on the Bay, and land of Sir Jas. Wright, 

432. 

Stirk, Samuel, and Jas. Jackson, purchase confiscated land of 
Josiah Tatnall, 600. 

St. John's Parish, attempts to join South Carolina and thus 
get into the confederacy, 54; delegates from to Provincial 
Congress send messages to the Congress, 55; committee 
of adopts absurd resolutions, 56; sends committee to Charles 
Town, 58; letter from to Charles Town committee, 59; 
adopts suggestion of Charles Town committee and sends 
Lyman Hall as its representative to the Co.ntinental Con- 
gress, 62; committee for, to watch the harbour of Sunbury, 
91; committee to send for and question Capt. Wm. Lyford, 
91. 

St. John's Parish and South Carolina indignant at conservative 
course of Congress, 57. 

St. Matthew's Parish inhabitants of dissent to action of August 
meeting, 32; names of dissenters, 33; to elect delegate to 
Provincial Congress, 99. 

Stokes, Anthony, ordered to be arrested, loi. 

Stone, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of L. McGillivray, 
Alexander Wylly, land on White Marsh, and a phaeton 
of John Glen, 430. 

St. Paul's Parish, inhabitants of dissent to action of August 
meeting, 24; names of dissenters, 26; ordered to elect offi- 
cers for a battalion of militia. 210. 

St Philip's Parish, ordered to elect militia officers, 99. 

Stringer, Francis, qualifies as Justice of Peace, 139; commis- 
sioned as Captain, 150. 

Strothers, Mr., permitted to go through Creek Nation to Mis- 
sippi, 171. 

Stuart, Anne, certain property to vest in, 621. 

Stuart, James M., purchases confiscated land of Chas. Wm. 
McKennen and Jas. Hume, 586, of Thomas Read, 594. 



67(V INDEX. 

Supreme Executive Council, 403. 

Sutcliffe, Mr., to be paid for necessaries furnished sick troops,. 
201. 



Taarlin, Peter, purchases confiscated land of Robt. Porteus and 
house and lot of David Zubly, 440. 

Tallemack, Thomas, permitted to depart the province, 118. 

Tattnall, Josiah, to be arrested, loi; sentence of banishment 
revoked, 632. 

Taylor, John, rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 

Taylor, Dr. Thomas, sentence of banishment revoked, 624. 

Telfair, Edward, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Telfair, Edward, ordered to go with Col. Drayton, 97; ordered 
to draft militia, 102; authorized to take planks for build- 
ing a galley, 179; elected to Continental Congress, 410; 
purchases confiscated lot of Martin Weatherford, 578. 

Tennel, Francis, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Flem- 
mings, 520; land of Arthur Carney and confiscated lot of 
John Graham, 550. 

Ten thousand pounds sterling to be provided for the defense 
of the province, 243. 

Thomas, John, unsold property of to vest in Elizabeth Sharp,. 
621. 

Thomas, Tuberfield, commissioned as ist Lieutenant, 186. 

Thompson, James, purchases confiscated land of John Mull- 
ryne, 520. 

Thompson, William, going at large dangerous to American lib- 
erties, 146. 

Thompson, William, declared a free citizen of this state, 614. 

Threadcraft, George, purchases confiscated land of Samuel 
Douglass, 458. 

Tretler, Daniel, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 220. 

Treutlen, Adam, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 128. 

Treutlen, John Adam, appointed Magistrate, 149; elected first 
Governor, 306; offers reward for arrest of William Henry 
Drayton, 308; issues proclamation prohibiting exportation 
of corn, 312; issues proclamation requiring return of ab- 
sentees, 313; issues proclamation convening the legisla- 
ture, 314; issues proclamation offering reward for Wm. 
Henry Drayton, 314; issues proclamation forbidding expor- 



INDEX. 671 

tation of goods, wares and merchandize, 316; issues procla- 
mation requiring persons indebted to inhabitants of Great 
Britain to render aocount of such indebtedness, 317; issues 
proclamation forbidding purchase of pretended head rights, 
318; issues proclamation prohibiting exportation of salt and 
cordage, 319; issues proclamation appointing a day of 
thanksgiving, 320. 

Triebner, Christopher Frederic, sentence of banishment re- 
voked, 630. 

Tulley, William, to be commissioned Captain, 186. 

Tusing, Jacob, commissioned as Captain, 149. 

Twiggs, John, purchases confiscated land of John Jameison^ 
556; of John Jemison, 576; of Samuel Douglas, 598. 

Twittee, John, commissioned 2d Lieutenant, 186. 



Virginia troops, money advanced for use of, ao8. 
Voters, qualifkations of, 254. 

W 

Wade, Hezekiah, commissioned as Captain, 72. 

Wade, Nehemiah, purchases confiscated house and lot of Robt. Mc- 

Cormick, 474; confiscated land of John Lightingston, 588. 
Wagnon, John Peter, purchases confiscated lot and wharf of Inglis 

and Jenkens, 472; land of Samuel Farley, 544; land of John 

Wm. Williams, 554; of George Bailie, 562. 
Waldhauer, Jacob Casper, appointed Magistrate, 149. 
Wall icon, Daniel, purchases confiscated land of Martin Weather ford 

and Wm. Manson, 580. 
Walsh, Patrick, purchases confiscated house and lot of Samuel Doug- 
lass and house and lot, British property, 472. 
Walton, George, information from concerning murder of Indian, 

122; elected Secretary, 231; elected Governor by an irregular 

legislature, 408. 
Walton, George, purchases confiscated land of Martin Weatherford, 

George Bailie and L. McGillvery, 580. 
Walton, George, George Wells and Richard Howley assail Supreme 

Executive Council, 408. 
Walton, John, information from concerning murder of Indian, 122, 

123; appointed Justice of Peace, 142; takes seat as delegate in 

Provincial Congress, 242; member of first Executive Council^ 

3o6L 



672 INDEX. 

Walton, Major, to make enquiry concerning the reported erection 
of forts, 118. 

Walton, Robert, purchases confiscated land of John Graham, 552; 
of John Chas. Lecena, 556 ; of James Seymore and Basil Cooper, 
578. 

Wambersie, Emanuel, purchases confiscated land of George Baillie 
and Samuel Douglas, 596. 

Wammock, Abraham, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Ward, John, purchases confiscated land of Wm. Knox, James Gra- 
ham and Sir James Wright, 414. 

Washington, Thomas, commissioner to sell confiscated estates, 414; 
purchases confiscated land of John Murray, house and lot of 
Wm. Wylly and house and lot of John Wands, 430. 

Waters, Thomas, sentence of banishment revoked, 621, 627. 

Waudin, John, purchases confiscated land of Samuel Douglass and 
house and lot of Jas. Johnston, 446. 

Way, Parmenas, appointed Magistrate, 149. 

Weathers, Edward, commissioned 3d Lieutenant, 149. 

Weekly, George, sentence of banishment revoked, 627. 

Wells, Absalom, sentence of banishment revoked, 624. 

Wells, Andrew Elton, takes oath as Justice of Peace, 15a 

Wells, Captain, to be paid for moving ship and ammunition, 100. 

Wells, Colonel, ammunition to be delivered to, 119. 

Wells, George, appointed Justice of Peace, 142; qualifies as Justice 
of Peace, 220; President of Council, 409; killed in duel, 409. 

Wells, Col. George, bench warrant for, 156. 

Wells, Dr. Humphry, confiscated negroes of Jas. Seymore delivered 
to, 605. 

Welscher, William, declared a free citizen of this State, 614. 

Wereat, John, elected Speaker, 274; President of Supreme Execu- 
tive Council, 407; issues proclamation ordering election of rep- 
resentatives, 407. 

Wereat, John, purchases confiscated land known as Plemmmgs Is- 
land, house and lot of Thos. Flenmiing and land of Sutdiffs, 
432. 

West, Samuel, purchases confiscated land of Grey Elliott and sundry 
lots in Sunbury, 488. 

White, Col. A. W., purchases one-half of St. Catherines Island, 424. 

White, Anthony Walton, purchases confiscated property, 547, 548. 

White, Thomas, purchases confiscated land of Thos. Young, 496. 

Whitefield, James, appointed Raster of Probate, 168; qualifies as 
Register of Probates and Justice of Peace, 172. 

Wilkinson, John, purchases confiscated land of John MuUryne, 442. 



INDEX- 673 

Williams, Charles, commissioned ist Lieutenant, 149. 

Williamson, Micajah, purchases confiscated land of Daniel Phillips, 
574. 

Wilson, Benjamin, going at large dangerous to American liberties, 
146; orders for his enlargement, 161. 

Woodruffe, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of Lewis Johnson, 
426. 

Woodruffe, Joseph, commissioned as Captain, 72; takes possession 
of vessel loaded with rum, sugar, etc., 140; orders thereon, 140; 
asks instructions and orders, 141. 

Woodruff, Joseph, purchases confiscated land of Henry Monroe, 513. 

Wright, Ambrose, to deliver blankets to the battalion, 133. 

Wright, Dionysius, appointed Justice of Peace, 143. 

Wright, Governor, an able man, 7; issues proclamation forbidding 
August meeting, 14; proclamation disregarded and meeting held 
on the tenth August, 15 ; calls another meeting to destroy effect 
of August meeting, 17; dissent of his meeting to the resolu- 
tions of the loth of August, 18; sends agents throughout par- 
ishes to secure signatures to resolutions of dissent, 21 ; address 
to Commons House of Assembly, 34; convenes the legislature 
on the eighteenth of January, 1755, 42; precipitately adjourns 
the legislature, 48; powder magazine of, broken into, 66; or- 
ders to arrest, loi ; negroes of to repair causeway at Great Oge- 
chee Ferry, 117; negroes to be taken from his plantation to 
build battery at Tybee, 212; refuses to recognize Provincial 
Congress as a constitutional body, but agrees to appoint a day 
of fasting and prayer, 240; thanked for message to the Con- 
gress, 240; to be addressed by the Congress, 242; arrested and 
put on parole, 269; breaks parole, 269; letter from to his coun- 
cil, 269; offers the olive branch to the people of Georgia, 271; 
requests that his letter be laid before Assembly if in session, if 
not, then before Council of Safety, 271. 

Wright, Sir James, Governor, and all crown officers not to leave 
town, 103. 

Wrights, the, have strong fort at their plantation, armed by white 
men and negroes, 123. 

Wrightsborough, inhabitants of dissent to August meeting, 27; 
names of dissenters, 27; electron of colonel at, to be investi- 
gated, 207/ 

Wyche, George, purchases confiscated land of John Lucen«» 
576. 

Wylly, Richard, purchases confiscated land of Tatnell, and house 
and lot of Alexander Wylly, 4^; porckases eonfiscated 
cattlt of Christoplicr P. Trktocr, ftx^.. 



«74 • INDEX. 

Y 

Yonge, Philip, going at large dangerous to American liber- 
ties, 146. 

Young, George, appointed Captain Lieutenant of artillery, 213. 

Young, Thomas, memorial of, 174; request for reconsideration 
of Lundy case referred to Provincial Congress, 178; asks 
re-consideration respecting goods of Lundy, 227; contract 
with Lundy for goods null and void, because Lundy is 
public enemy, 228. 

Young, Thomas, relieved from penalty of confiscation and 
banishment, 612; permitted to return and estate of amerced, 
612; not to vote or hold office for fourteen years, 613; 
rights of citizenship granted to, 617. 

Younge, Dr. Charles, to go to Rosedew Plantation only as a 
physician, 171. 



Zubly, David, and John Stirk to draft men for duty at Savannah, 

87. 
Zubly, Dr., going at large dangerous to American liberties, 

147. 

Zubly, Doctor, preaches sermon on alarming state of American 
affairs, 231; thanked for sermon, 231; elected to Continental 
Congress, 240; refuses to go to Congress without the con- 
sent of his congregation, 241; to prepare an address to 
the King on the unhappy situation of affairs, 241; prepares 
and brings in petition, 243; congregation consents for him 
to go to Continental Congress, 249; betrays his trust as a 
member of Congress, 267. 

2ubly, Doctor, and Edward Telfair, illegally released by Chief 
Justice, to be re-arrested, 147. 




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