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Full text of "Revue suisse de zoologie."

ANNALES 
de la 

SOCIÉTÉ SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 
et du 

MUSÉUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE 
de la Ville de Genève 



tome 1 1 8 
fascicule 2 
2011 




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ël GENEVE JUIN 201 1 ISSN 0035 - 41 8 X 



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REVUE SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 



TOME 118— FASCICULE 2 

Publication subventionnée par: 
Académie suisse des Sciences naturelles (SCNAT) 
Ville de Genève 
Société suisse de Zoologie 

Comité de rédaction 

DANIELLE DECROUEZ 
Directrice du Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Genève 

ALICE CIBOIS, PETER SCHUCHERT 
Chargés de recherche au Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Genève 

Comité de lecture 

A. Cibois (oiseaux), G. Cuccodoro (coléoptères), S. Fisch-Muller (poissons), 

B. Merz (insectes, excl. coléoptères), J. Mariaux (invertébrés excl. arthropodes), 
M. Ruedi (mammifères), A. Schmitz (amphibiens, reptiles), P. Schwendinger 
(arthropodes excl. insectes). 

Le comité soumet chaque manuscrit pour évaluation à des experts d'institutions 
suisses ou étrangères selon le sujet étudié. 

La préférence sera donnée aux travaux concernant les domaines suivants: taxonomie, 
systématique, faunistique, phylogénie, évolution, morphologie et anatomie comparée. 

Administration 

MUSÉUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE 
1211 GENÈVE 6 



Internet: http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/mhng/page/rsz.htm 



Prix de l'abonnement: 

SUISSE Fr. 225.— UNION POSTALE Fr. 250.- 

(en francs suisses) 

Les demandes d'abonnement doivent être adressées 
à la rédaction de la Revue suisse de Zoologie, 
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, C.P. 6434, CH-121 1 Genève 6, Suisse 



ANNALES 



de la 

SOCIÉTÉ SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 
et du 

MUSÉUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE 
de la Ville de Genève 



tome 1 1 8 
fascicule 2 
2011 



M 



GENEVE JUIN 2011 ISSN 0035 - 418 X 



REVUE SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 



TOME 1 18— FASCICULE 2 

Publication subventionnée par: 
Académie suisse des Sciences naturelles (SCNAT) 
Ville de Genève 
Société suisse de Zoologie 



Comité de rédaction 

DANIELLE DECROUEZ 
Directrice du Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Genève 

ALICE CIBOIS, PETER SCHUCHERT 
Chargés de recherche au Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Genève 



Comité de lecture 

A. Cibois (oiseaux), G. Cuccodoro (coléoptères), S. Fisch-Muller (poissons), 

B. Merz (insectes, excl. coléoptères), J. Mariaux (invertébrés excl. arthropodes), 
M. Ruedi (mammifères), A. Schmitz (amphibiens, reptiles), P. Schwendinger 
(arthropodes excl. insectes). 

Le comité soumet chaque manuscrit pour évaluation à des experts d'institutions 
suisses ou étrangères selon le sujet étudié. 

La préférence sera donnée aux travaux concernant les domaines suivants: taxonomie, 
systématique, faunistique, phylogénie, évolution, morphologie et anatomie comparée. 



Administration 

MUSÉUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE 
1211 GENÈVE 6 



Internet: http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/mhng/page/rsz.htm 



Prix de l'abonnement: 



SUISSE Fr. 225.— UNION POSTALE Fr. 250.- 

(en francs suisses) 

Les demandes d'abonnement doivent être adressées 
à la rédaction de la Revue suisse de Zoologie, 
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, C.P. 6434, CH-121 1 Genève 6, Suisse 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 1 18 (2): 207-221; juin 201 1 



The spider genus Hersilia in Thailand, with descriptions of two 
new species (Araneae, Hersiliidae) 

Pakawin DANKITTIPAKUL* & Tippawan SINGTRIPOP 

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 

50200, Thailand. 

*Corresponding author. e-mail: pakawin@gmail.com 

The spider genus Hersilia in Thailand, with descriptions of two new 
species (Araneae, Hersiliidae). - Our examination of a hersiliid spider 
collection from Thailand revealed eight species of which two species are 
new {Hersilia serraîa sp. n. 6* , 9, H. thailandica sp. n., cT). Extended 
géographie ranges are recorded for H. sundaica Baehr & Baehr, 1993 and 
H. martensi Baehr & Baehr, 1993, which are reported from Thailand for the 
first time. H. asiaîica Song & Zheng, 1982, which was previously docu- 
mented from northeastern Thailand, is now also found in northern and 
southern Thailand. A substantial number of females from Thailand are 
similar to H. striaîa Wang & Yin, 1985, previously known from China, but 
can be distinguished by slight différences in their génital morphology. 

Keywords: Taxonomy - new taxa - new record - biodiversity - distribution 
range. 

INTRODUCTION 

To date ten species of Hersiliidae were found in Thailand. Ail of them belong to 
the cosmotropical spider genus Hersilia Audouin. Prior to this study six species were 
known from Thailand. Unfortunately, the first hersiliid spider that was described from 
Thailand, Hersilia siamensis Simon, 1886, known only from the female type collected 
at 'Canal de Bangkok, Siam', is currently regarded as a nomen dubium (Baehr & 
Baehr, 1993: 78). This because the type is presumably lost (not found in the Muséum 
National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, or in the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 
"Giacomo Doria", Genoa, Italy), and because the original description given by Simon 
(1886) did not include satisfactory taxonomic information to recognize or distinguish 
this species from its congeners (Baehr & Baehr, 1993). The other five taxa are: H. vi- 
cina Baehr & Baehr, 1993, H. asiaîica Song & Zheng, 1982, H. simplicipalpis Baehr 
& Baehr, 1993, H. striaîa Wang & Yin, 1985 and H. clypealis Baehr & Baehr, 1993. 

The présent study treats six Hersilia species, two of which are new and two 
others recorded from Thailand for the first time. Therefore, a total of nine hersiliid 
species (excluding the doubtful H. siamensis) are currently known to occur in 
Thailand. Following Baehr & Baehr (1993), they can be separated into five species- 
groups: 1) the albomaculata-group (H. martensi and H. vicina); 2) the asiaîica-group 
(H. asiaîica); 3) the savignyi-group (H. simplicipalpis, H. striaîa, H. clypealis, H. ser- 



Manuscript accepted 24.09.2010 



208 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 



rata sp. n.); 4) the pectinata-gxoup (H. thailandica sp. n.); 5) the impressifrons-group 
(H. sundaica). This indicates not only a species-rich hersiliid fauna in Thailand, it also 
reveals that this fauna is superficially known and more taxonomic work needs to be 
donc This study also revealed that some Hersilia species have broad distribution 
ranges. 

This article is the second in a séries on faunistic and taxonomic studies on the 
Southeast Asian hersillids deposited in the spider collection of the Muséum d'histoire 
naturelle de la Ville de Genève, Switzerland. 

M ATERI AL AND METHODS 

Morphological observation and illustration were made using Olympus SZX-9 
and Nikon SMZ 800 stereomicroscopes, and an Olympus BX-40 compound micro- 
scope, each equipped with a drawing tube. Measurements of leg segments were taken 
from the dorsal side. Ail measurements are in millimeter. Epigynes were drawn in 
natural and cleared state (after immersing them in lactic acid for 10-20 minutes). Sizes 
of eyes are given as proportions of AME (= 1 .00) in the following order: AME: ALE: 
PME: PLE. Leg measurements are given as: total length (fémur, patella, tibia, meta- 
tarsus, tarsus). 

Abbreviations used in text and in the figures are as follows: AF, apical flange of 
TA; ALE, anterior latéral eyes; AME, anterior médian eyes; AP, apical projection of 
TA; BS, bulbose sacs of spermathecae; bS, basai segment of posterior spinneret; CO, 
copulatory orifice; DMP, dorsal muscular pits; E, embolus; FD, fertilization duct; 1P, 
latéral process of TA; lPf, membranous flange on latéral process of TA; lPp, prong on 
latéral process of TA; lPr, projection on latéral process of TA; lPt, tubercle on latéral 
process of TA; mP, médian process of TA; mPa, apical prong on médian process of TA; 
mPb, basai prong on médian process of TA; NP, national park; PLS, posterior latéral 
spinnerets; PME, posterior médian eyes; PLE, posterior latéral eyes; SD, insémination 
ducts; SR, séminal réceptacle; TA, tegular apophysis; tS, terminal segment of posterior 
spinneret; VMP, ventral muscular pits. In the text 'Fig.' refers to a figure herein, while 
'fig.' refers to a figure published elsewhere. 

The material examined will be deposited in the spider collection of the Muséum 
d'histoire naturelle de la Ville de Genève, Switzerland (MHNG) and in the Thailand 
Natural History Muséum (TNHM) of the National Science Muséum, Pathumthani 
Province, Thailand. 

TAXONOMY 
Hersiliidae Thorell, 1870 
Hersilia Audouin, 1826 

Hersilia asiatica Song & Zheng, 1982 Figs 1-5, 27 

Hersilia asiatica Song & Zheng, 1982: 40, figs 1-5; Hu, 1984: 81, figs 74.1-5. - Song, 1987: 
1 16, fig. 78; Feng, 1990: 48, figs 23.1-6. - Chen & Zhang, 1991: 78, figs 69.1-5. - Baehr 
& Baehr, 1993: 25, figs 20c-f. - Chen, 1994: 1, figs 1A-F. - Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 
80, figs 32I-J, 33C-D. - Chen, 2007: 14, figs 1,5-12. 

New material: MHNG-PDC-0254542121111111; Thailand, Chiang Mai Province, 
Chiang Mai District, Doi Suthep-Pui NP, Doi Pui, Huay Khok Ma Watershed Station, 1200-1300 



THE SPIDER GENUS HERSILIA IN THAILAND 



209 




Figs 1-5 

Hersilia asiatica. (1) Left maie palp, prolateral view. (2) Ditto, ventral view. (3) Ditto, retro- 
lateral view. (4) Epigyne, ventral view. (5). Vulva, dorsal view. Scale lines = 1 .0 mm. 

m; 1 maie, 2 females; from a tree trunk in evergreen hill forest (closed canopy); 8.8.1999; leg. 
P. Dankittipakul. - MHNG-PDC-541 3546540202 13 163; Thailand, Nakhon Sri Thammarat 
Province, Tha Sala District, Khao Nan NP. 100-200 m; 1 female; beating shrub in dry lowland 
evergreen forest; 17.8.2006; leg. P. Dankittipakul. - TNHM-PDC-5465 15 165 14654; Thailand, 
Phetchabun Province, Lomsak District, Nam Nao NP. forests behind park headquarters, 600 m; 
1 female; 16.-17.vii.2005; leg. P. Dankittipakul. 

Remarks: Hersilia asiatica is an extremely long-legged species. Maies are 
recognized by: palpai patella with strongly sclerotized ridge carrying short erect spines, 
the ridge is recognized by a broad cleft (Fig. 1); embolus linear (Figs 1-3); médian 
process of TA with prolateral denticle (Figs 1-2); latéral process of TA with sharply 
pointed anterior margin. and carrying an elongate process (Fig. 2). Females are 



210 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 



recognized by: epigyne a distinctly elevated mound with sclerotized anterior margin 
(Fig. 4); copulatory orifices situated anterior to sac-like membranous part of epigyne 
(Fig. 4): elongate tubular insémination ducts originating antero-medially, descending 
postero-laterally, connected to basai perforate sinusoids (Figs 5, 27); ovoid receptacula 
originating posteriorly, with tubular stalks (Fig. 5); fertilization ducts situated close to 
epigastric furrow, connected to vulva via short tubular ducts running obliquely (Fig. 5). 
Apart from the diagnostic characters given above and mentioned by Baehr & Baehr 
(1993), an additional feature was observed in the maies examined: the latéral process 
of the TA bears a prolateral petal-shaped denticle (Figs 1 , 3), its apex directed mesad. 
This structure is heavily sclerotized and sharply pointed in latéral view (Fig. 3); it is 
easily distinguishable from the médian process of the TA which is less sclerotized and 
pigmented. 

Distribution: China, Thailand and Laos. Hersilia asiatica was previously 
recorded from northeastern Thailand (Khao Yai NP, Nakhon Ratchasima Province and 
Phu Kradueng NP, Loei Province) by Baehr & Baehr (1993). New localities reported 
herein extend the known distribution range of this species southwards to southern 
Thailand (Fig. 32). 

Hersilia sundaica Baehr & Baehr. 1993 Figs 6-10, 28, 31 

Hersilia sundaica Baehr & Baehr, 1993: 58. figs 38c-f. 

New material: MHNG-PDC- 1488756462 15 1465454; Thailand, Phetchabun Province, 
Khao Kho NP, forest behind park headquarters, 650 m: 1 maie; 10.-15.11.2006: collected by 
Malaise trap; leg. P, Dankittipakul. - MHNG-PDC-545464654545787: Thailand, Sakon Nakhon 
Province, Phu Phan NP, 800 m: 1 female: 12.-15.9.2007; collected by Malaise trap; leg. P. 
Dankittipakul. - TNHM-PDC-878251 1532551454514; Thailand, Loei Province, Phu Kradueng 
NP, 1200 m: 1 female: 18.-20.9.2007; collected by Malaise trap; leg. P. Dankittipakul. 

Remarks: Hersilia sundaica belongs to the impressifrons-group which can be 
easily recognized by the peculiar structure of the maie palp: the TA is complicated, pro- 
vided with: 1) a membranous apical flange with serrated margin (Fig. 8, AF), and a 
bifurcated apical prong directed postero-retrolaterad (Fig. 8, AP); 2) latéral process of 
TA (1P) a large sclerotized, C-shaped plate, partially membranous, retrolaterally with a 
spoon-shaped projection (Figs 6-8, lPr), anteriorly with a médian tubercle clearly 
visible in retrolateral view (Fig. 8, lPt), a membranous flange (Figs 7-8, lPf), and an 
elongated prong directed posteriad, its apex bifurcated (Fig. 7, lPp); 3) médian process 
of TA (mP) with two large prongs, a basai prong abruptly bent, obliquely directed an- 
teriad (Fig. 7, mPb), apical prong elongated, its apex membranous, fan-like (Fig. 7, 
mPa). Females are recognized by the protruded epigyne extending posteriorly (Fig. 9), 
copulatory orifices situated close to excavated posterior margin; vulva (Figs 10, 28) 
provided with parallel insémination ducts running mid-longitudinally, ascending ante- 
riorly then curving laterally to form large glandular apparatus (Fig. 28); two pilose, 
spherical receptacula (Fig. 31) with short stalks situated anteriorly. The females exa- 
mined lack a glandular patch which is présent in the female paratype from Indonesia. 

Natlral History: Ail spécimens examined were collected by means of a 
Malaise trap suggesting that this species is rather active and does not stay on the same 
tree as previous observations made us believe. 



THE SPIDER GENUS HERSILIA IN THAILAND 



211 




FlGS 6-10 

Hersilia sundaica. (6) Left maie palp. prolateral view. (7) Ditto, ventral view. (8) Ditto, retrola- 
teral view. (9) Epigyne, ventral view. (10) Vulva, dorsal view. Scale lines = 1 .0 mm. 

Distribution: Indonesia (Lombok, Sumbawa) and Thailand (new record, 
Fig. 32). Although strong resemblance in génital morphology leave no doubt that the 
spécimens examined belong to this species, it is important to note that the new 
spécimens were collected very far away from the type localities on the Lesser Sunda 
Islands. Hersilia sundaica seems to have a broad distribution range. Additional 
material will hopefully become available from SE Asian countries in the future to 
confirm this. 

Hersilia martensi Baehr & Baehr, 1993 Figs 11-14 

Hersilia martensi Baehr & Baehr, 1993: 21, figs 17c-d. 

New Material: MHNG-PDC-78754 13 1421545: Thailand. Phetchabun Province, Nam 
Nao NP; 1 maie; 18.7.2006: beating in forest with open canopy behind park headquarters; leg. 
P. Dankittipakul. 



212 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 




Figs 11-14 

Hersilia martensi. (11) Left maie palp, ventral view. (12) TA, ventral view. (13) Ditto. prolateral 
view. (14) Ditto. retrolateral view. Scale line = 1.0 mm. 



Remarks: The maie of this species is recognized by a retrolateral extension on 
the maie bulb (Fig. 1 1). by a curved embolus gradually narrowing towards its sharply 
pointed apex (Figs 11-14), and by the TA carrying a lightly sclerotized prolateral pro- ■ 
cess and a membranous retrolateral flange (Figs 12-14). 



THE SPIDER GENUS HERSILIA IN THAILAND 



213 



Distribution: Népal and Thailand (new record, Fig. 32). As H. sundaica, this 
species is apparently widely distributed. It was described from Népal and, as the first 
new record since its original description, is here documented from a forest in north- 
eastern Thailand. 

Hersilia serrata sp.n. Figs 15-19, 30 

Holotype: MHNG-PDC-244545122222-109; Thailand, Chiang Mai Province and 
District, Chiang Mai University campus, Ang Kaew, 300-350 m; 1 maie; 4.10.2007; on a tree 
trunk in an open area; leg. P. Dankittipakul. 

Paratypes: MHNG-PDC-875415454545987321; from the type locality; 1 female; 
10.11.2007; leg. P. Dankittipakul. - MHNG-PDC-457857 18 1554543222-256; Thailand, Chiang 
Mai Province, Chomthong District, Doi Inthanon NP, Doi Inthanon, on a tree trunk in degraded 
natural forest interspersed with pine trees behind a guest house, 1200-1300 m; 1 female; 
1.-4.7.2002; leg. P. Dankittipakul. - MHNG-PDC-5 154323215441421 14789; Thailand. 
Phitsanulok Province, Nakhon Thai District, Thung Salaeng Luang NP, Kaeng So Pha 
Waterfalls, 200-250 m, on tree trunk in dry deciduous forest close to a stream; 1 female; 
2 .5 .200 1 ; leg . P. Dankittipakul . 

Etymology: The Latin adjective "serratus -a, -um" (= saw like, serrated, saw 
toothed), refers to the serrated margin of the baso-median process on the TA of the 
maie palp. 

Diagnosis: Hersilia serrata sp. n. clearly belongs to a presumably monophyle- 
tic clade consisting of 10 closely related species known as the savigny i-group. The 
maie palpai patella of the savigny i-group is characterized by the présence of an ele- 
vated dorsal projection carrying minute erect spines (Fig. 15). The maie of H. serrata 
sp. n. is distinguished from other members of the savignyi-group by the serrated baso- 
median process of the TA; females by the very broad and heavily sclerotized apices of 
the bulbose sacs of the spermathecae. 

Description 

Maie holotype: Prosoma 2.5 long, 2.4 wide; opisthosoma 4.0 long, 2.5 wide. 
PLS 6.9 long, bS 0.9 long, tS 6.0 long. 

Prosoma: Prosoma almost disc-shaped, as long as wide, with distinct clypeal 
projection; ocular région relatively low; clypeus about half length of ocular région; 
chelicerae elongated, slightly less than two times longer than wide; sternum triangular, 
anterior margin with shallow médian incision. 

Eye size and interdistances: AME distinctly larger than PME; ALE = PLE > 
PME; eye ratio: 1.0: 0.80: 0.38: 0.88. AME = 1.0; AME-AME = 0.48; AME-ALE = 
0.68; PME = 1.0; PME-PME = 0.62; PME-PLE = 0.84. 

Opisthosoma: Opisthosoma ovoid, longer than wide, widest in the middle, 
posteriorly with triangular anal tubercle; dorsum with four pairs of large circular DMP, 
second pair largest, first and fourth pairs subequal, slightly smaller than third pair; 
VMP numerous, forming parallel longitudinal lines but distinctly narrower posteriorly. 

Spinnerets: PLS elongated, slightly less than twice as long as opisthosoma; 
other spinnerets slightly shorter than bS . 

Leg measurements: I, 21.64 (5.50, 1.24, 5.82, 8.1, 0.98); II, 22.08 (5.8, 1.1, 
5.96,8.2, 1.02); III, 5.60 (1.84,0.58, 1.12, 1.32,0.74); IV, 12.96 (4.88,0.96,2.92,3.22, 
0.98). 



214 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 




Figs 15-19 

Hersilia serrata sp. n., holotype (15-17), paratype (18-19). (15) Left maie palp, prolateral view. 
(16) Ditto. ventral view. (17) Ditto, retrolateral view. (18) Epigyne. ventral view. (19) Vulva, 
dorsal view. Scale lines = 1.0 mm. 



Maie palp (Figs 15-17): Patella with dorsal projection carrying several short 
spines. Tibia prolaterally with bifurcated apical portion. Cymbium slender, with three 
stout apical spines. Bulbus almost globular, posteriorly narrowed. Embolus slender, 
linear, apex slightly curved, pointing downwards. TA with two processes: baso-median 
process strongly sclerotized, with bifurcated projection and serrated margin; apico- 



THE SPIDER GENUS HERSIL1A IN THAILAND 



215 



retrolateral process with columnar membrane situated apieally, and with larger, 
concave, sclerotized part situated retrolaterally, its apex sharply pointed, directed 
mesad. 

Female paratype (from Chiang Mai): Prosoma 2.8 long, 2.6 wide; opisthosoma 
4.2 long, 2.6 wide. PLS 7.52 long, bS 1 .10 long, tS 6.42 long. 

Prosoma: Prosoma circular, clypeal area protruded, frontal clypeal margin 
semicircular; ocular région relatively low; clypeus approximately of same height as 
ocular région; chelicerae elongated. almost twice as long as wide; sternum triangular. 
anterior margin with shallow médian incision. 

Eye size and interdistances: Eyes almost subequal; AME largest > ALE = PLE 
> PME; ratio: 1 .0: 0.94; 0.28; 0.90. AME = 1 .0; AME-AME = 0.48; AME- ALE = 0.66; 
PME = 1 .0; PME-PME = 0.68; PME-PLE = 0.88. 

Opisthosoma: Opisthosma longer than wide, widest posteriorly, triangular anal 
tubercle indistinct; dorsum with four pairs of large circular DMP, fourth pair slightly 
smaller, others subequal; VMP numerous. forming V-shaped longitudinal lines. 

Spinnerets: PLS elongated, slightly longer than opisthosoma; other spinnerets 
shorter than bS. 

Leg measurements: 1,21.18 (5.10, 2.02, 5.20, 7.98, 0.88); II, 21 .32 (5.62, 1 .02. 
5.66,8.1,0.98); 111,5.02(1.66,0.48, 1.02, 1 .22, 0.64); IV, 12.4 (4.66,0.88,2.86,3.12, 
0.88). 

Epigyne and vulva (Figs 18-19, 30): Epigyne an elevated membranous mound, 
posteriorly slightly higher than in anterior région, posterior margin with deep médian 
incision; oval copulatory orifices situated medially, its margin rebordered, with reddish 
bands directed obliquely in antero-prolateral and antero-retrolateral direction. Vulva 
with broad and thickened insémination ducts, directed anteriad, then descending 
laterad. Receptacula widely separated, ovoid, with tubular stalks. Bulbose sacs of 
spermathecae rectangular, inclined towards each other, with digitiform pilose apices. 

Taxonomic remarks: Maies of the new species closely resemble those of H. 
nentwigi Baehr & Baehr, 1993 (known from Sumatra, Java and Krakatau) in the 
gênerai shape of the maie palp and the possession of baso-median and apico-retro- 
lateral processes on the TA (Fig. 16). Maies of both species can be distinguished by the 
apico-retrolateral process provided with an elongated apical membranous portion 
directed distad (Figs 16-17) (columnar in ventral view, beak-shaped in retrolateral view 
in H. serrata sp. n., but completely absent in H. nentwigi), and by the sclerotized baso- 
median process with a serrated margin (carrying a bifurcated projection in H. serrata 
sp. n., Fig. 15, serrated area absent in H. nentwigi). The TA of the maie palp also 
closely resembles that of H.feai Baehr & Baehr, 1993 (from Burma) in having an 
elongated membranous part and a sclerotized, beak-shaped projection directed mesad 
on the apico-retrolateral process of the TA (Fig. 16); the TA of the new species can be 
distinguished by the baso-median process being triangular and lacking a bifurcated 
projection. Maies of H. striata Wang & Yin, 1985 (from China, Myanmar, Thailand to 
Java and Sumatra) differ from maies of the new species by the TA without a mem- 
branous apical part on the apico-retrolateral process and by the baso-median process 
lacking a serrated area. 



216 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 



Females of the new species are most similar to those of H. nentwigi but can be 
distinguished by the elongated, rectangular bulbose posterior sacs of their sperma- 
thecae which are provided with broad, bluntly pointed apices (Figs 19, 30) (apices and 
bulbose sacs not visible in H. nentwigi). Females clearly differ from those of H. sim- 
plicipalpis (from Khao Yai NP and Doi Suthep-Pui NP) and H. striata in the différent 
shapes of their vulvae: large bulbose sacs are présent in H. simplicipalpis, thickened 
bulbose sacs in H. striata. 

Distribution: Northern Thailand (Chiang Mai and Phitsanulok Provinces). 

Hersilia thailandica sp. n. Figs 20-24 

Holotype: MHNG-PDC-6546544444224474 1976- 109; Thailand, Chiang Mai 
Province. Mae Rim District, Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, 600-700 m, on a tree trunk in 
degraded forest in front of muséum building; 1 maie; 6.-13.10.2006; leg. P. Dankittipakul. 

Paratypes: MHNG-PDC- 12546554574875655; same data as for holotype; 3 maies. 

Etymology: The spécifie name is an adjective ("thailandicus, -a, -um") and re- 
fers to the présence of this species in Thailand. 

Diagnosis: Hersilia thailandica sp. n. belongs to the pectinata-group, which is 
easily recognized by the maie palpai patella being short, and the palpai tibia with an 
elevated dorsal projection carrying a group of long erect spines (Figs 21-23). The new 
species is most similar to H. pectinata Thorell, 1895 from Burma in the similar maie 
palp with an enlarged, ovoid bulbus, an elongated, curved embolus thickening and a T- 
shaped TA. Hersilia thailandica sp. n. can be distinguished from H. pectinata by: 
seven large erected spines on palpai tibia directed anteriad (Figs 21, 23) instead of 
laterad (almost perpendicular to the axis of the tibia in H. pectinata); the embolus 
terminally abruptly bending distad, gradually narrowing towards its bluntly pointed 
apex (Figs 20, 22); the ovoid bulbus with enlarged tubular TA (Fig. 22) instead of being 
a reniform plate. 

Description 

Maie holotype: Prosoma 2.8 long, 2.6 wide; opisthosoma 4.4 long, 2.8 wide. 
PLS 7.3 long, bS 1 .1 long, tS 6.2 long. 

Prosoma: Prosoma pear-shaped, posteriorly distinctly disc-shaped; ocular 
région relatively low; clypeus slightly shorter than ocular région; chelicerae elongated, 
twice as long as wide; sternum triangular, anterior margin with shallow médian 
incision. 

Eye size and interdistances: Eyes almost subequal; AME slightly larger than 
PME; ALE = PLE < AME; eye ratio: 1 .0: 0.82: 0.84: 0.96. AME = 1 .0; AME-AME = 
0.78; AME-ALE = 0.98; PME = 1.0; PME-PME = 0.68; PME-PLE = 0.72. 

Opisthosoma: Opisthosoma longer than wide, widest behind the middle, 
anterior margin almost straight, posteriorly with triangular anal tubercle; dorsum with 
four pairs of large circular DMP, second pair slightly larger, others subequal; VMP 
numerous, forming parallel longitudinal Unes but distance distinctly narrower 
posteriorly. 

Spinnerets: PLS elongated, twice as long as opisthosoma; other spinnerets not 
visible in dorsal view. 



THE SPIDER GENUS HERS1LIA IN THAILAND 



217 




Figs 20-21 

Hersilia thailandica sp. n., holotype. (20) Left maie palp, ventral view. (21) Ditto, retrolateral 
view. Scale lines = 1.0 mm. 

Leg measurements: I, 20.24 (4.96, 1.92, 5.02, 7.58, 0.76); II, 20.7 (5.42, 0.98, 
5.44, 7.98, 0.88), III, 4.52 (1 .46, 0.42, 0.98, 1 .12, 0.54), IV 1 1 .7 (4.46, 0.8, 2.58, 3.08, 
0.78). 

Maie palp (Figs 20-24): Tibia short, dorsally with elevated projection carrying 
seven long erect spines directed anteriad (Fig. 23). Cymbium with three stout apical 
spines. Bulbus large, ovoid; latéral borders rounded. Embolus broad, heavily pig- 
mented, without accessory process, originating postero-medially, curving in anti- 
clockwise direction (on left palp), terminally abruptly bending distad, gradually 
narrowing towards it bluntly pointed apex (Figs 20, 22). TA developed as a large 
elongated prong, its base broad, with a retro-basal ridge, narrowing to form a tubular 
stalk and abruptly bending mesad (Figs 20, 22), apex spoon-shaped, curling inwards 
(Fig. 24). 



218 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 




Figs 22-24 

Hersilia thailandica sp. n., holotype. (22) Left maie palp, proventral view. (23) Ditto, dorsal 
view. (24) Apex of TA, prolateral view. Scale lines = 1 .0 mm. 

Female: Unknown. 

Distribution: Known only from the type locality in Chiang Mai Province 
(Fig.32). 

Hersilia cf. striata Wang & Yin, 1985 Figs 25-26, 29 

Hersilia striata Wang & Yin, 1985: 45, figs 1A-E. - Song, 1987: 117, fig. 79. - Baehr 
& Baehr, 1993: 37, figs 26c-g. - Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 80, figs 12C, 32K-L, 33E. - Chen, 
2007: 17, figs 2, 13-18. 

Material examined: MHNG-PDC-74 164642342654656687; Thailand, Prae Province, 
Long District, on a trunk of teak in a deciduous dipterocarp forests en route to Prae City; 1 fe- 
male ; 26 .5 .2002 ; leg . P. Dankittipakul . 

Remarks: The female examined belongs to the savignyi-group on the basis of 
génital morphology. It is most similar to H. striata in having the insémination ducts 
curving downwards and then ascending laterad, the rectangular bulbose sacs of the 



THE SPIDER GENUS H ERS l LIA IN THAILAND 



219 




Figs 25-26 

Hersilia cf. striata. (25) Epigyne, ventral view. (26) Vulva, dorsal view. Scale Unes = 1 .0 mm. 




Figs 27-31 

Hersilia asiatica (27), H. sundaica (28, 31), H. cf. striata (29), H. serrata sp. n., paratype (30). 
(27-28) Vulva, dorsal view. (29-30) Right half of vulva, dorsal view. (31) Séminal réceptacle. 



spermathecae with pilose apices and the ovoid receptacula separated from one other. 
However, the female examined slightly differ in the shape of the apices on the bulbose 
sacs which are round and clearly separate from the remaining membranous parts by 
thickenings (Figs 26, 29). The séparation is indistinct and the thickening of the apices 



220 



P. DANKITTIPAKUL & T. SINGTRIPOP 




FlG. 32 

Currently known Hersilia localities in Thailand. 



is not prominent in females of H. striata. Therefore, the female examined from 
Thailand cannot be identified with certainty pending an examination of the Chinese 

types. 



THE SPIDER GENUS HERSIL1A IN THAILAND 



221 



Distribution: China, Myanmar, Thailand (Sam Roi Yod NP, Prachuap Kirikhan 
Province, and Doi Inthanon NP, Chiang Mai Province, given by Baehr & Baehr, 1993; 
Long, Prae Province), Indonesia (Java, Sumatra). 

Hersilia spp. 

Females of two additional, presumably undescribed species of the savignyi- 
group were found in the provinces of Lampang and Kanchanaburi. They will be 
formally described as soon as conspecific maies are available. Three other Hersilia 
species previously recorded from Thailand are not included in the présent study 
because no new material is available. Thèse taxa are: H. clypealis (Khao Yai NP), 
H. simplicipalpis (Khao Yai NP, Doi Suthep-Pui NP), H. vicina (Khao Yai NP, Pa Hin 
Ngam NP, Nam Nao NP). 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

We thank Dr Peter Schwendinger for the allowing us to deposit the type spé- 
cimen at MHNG. He and Dr Barbara Baehr (University of Newcastle, Australia) kindly 
provided constructive comments on earlier versions of the manuscript. The Thailand 
Research Fund provided a grant through the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph. D. Program 
(PHD/0017/2551) to T.S. and P.D. The Graduate School and the Faculty of Science of 
Chiang Mai University supported P.D. during his study. The Royal Forest Department 
gave permission to collect spider spécimens in national parks and other protected areas. 
P.D. wishes to express his sincerer gratitude to Dr Angoon Lewvanich (The Royal 
Academy of Thailand, Bangkok) and Christopher J. Sain (The University of Auckland, 
New Zealand) for their support throughout the years. 

REFERENCES 

Audouin, V. 1826. Explication sommaire des planches d'arachnides de l'Egypte et de la Syrie 
publiées par Jules-César Savigny; offrent un exposé des charactères naturels des genres, 
avec la distinction des espèces (pp. 99-186, pl. 1-9). In: Savigny, J. C. (éd.). Description 
de l'Egypte. Histoire Naturelle, Animaux invertébrés (Paris) 1 (4): 1-339. 

Baehr, M. & Baehr, B. 1993. The Hersiliidae of the Oriental Région including New Guinea. 
Taxonomy, phylogeny, zoogeography (Arachnida, Araneae). Spixiana Supplément 19: 1- 
95. 

Chen, S. H. 2007. Spiders of the genus Hersilia from Taiwan (Araneae: Hersiliidae). Zoological 
Studies 46: 12-25. 

Simon, E. 1886. Arachnides recueillis par M. A. Pavie (sous-chef du service des postes au 

Cambodge) dans le royaume de Siam, au Cambodge et en Cochinchine. Actes de la 

Société linnéenne de Bordeaux 40: 137-166. 
Song, D. X. 1987. Spiders from agricultural régions of China (Arachnida: Araneae). Agriculture 

Publishing House, Beijing, 376 pp. 
Song, D. X. & Zheng, S. X. 1982. A new spider of the genus Hersilia from China (Araneae: 

Hersiliidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 7: 40-42. 
Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. 1999. The Spiders of China. Hebei Science and Technology 

Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. 
Thorell, T. 1870. On European spiders. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis 

(3)7: 109-242. 

Wang, J. F. & Yin, CM. 1985. Two new species of spiders of the genus Hersilia from China 
(Araneae: Hersiliidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 10: 45-49. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 223-230; juin 201 1 



Two new species of Amynthas (Clitellata: Megascolecidae) 
from lettuce fields of Mt. Taebaek, Korea 

Yong HONG 

Department of Agricultural Biology, Collège of Agriculture & Life Sciences, 
Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea 

Two new species of Amynthas (Clitellata: Megascolecidae) from lettuce 
fields of Mt. Taebaek, Korea. - Two new species of earthworms were 
found in a survey of lettuce cultivation fields, created by slash and burn. 
Amynthas hasamensis sp. n. and Amynthas samgaki sp. n. have simple 
intestinal caeca and no génital markings. Amynthas hasamensis sp. n. keys 
to the hawayanus group in Sims & Easton (1972) with three pairs of 
spermathecae in VI, VII, and VIII. Its maie field areas in XVIII are complex 
with paired oval maie dises bearing two transverse ridges with séminal 
grooves between the ridges. Amynthas samgaki sp. n. keys to the morrisi 
group with two pairs of spermathecae in VI and VII, and has a maie field 
with large egg-shaped raised pads with transverse séminal grooves. 

Keywords: Earthworms - Amynthas - Megascolecidae - Clitellata - Korea - 
lettuce fields - taxonomy. 

INTRODUCTION 

Korean earthworm communities in forests and agricultural ecosystems are 
dominated by species of the genus Amynthas (Megascolecidae). Many new Korean 
species have been described recently, further expanding the genus Amynthas (Hong & 
James, 2001a, b; Hong & Lee, 2001; Hong et al., 2001; Hong & Kim, 2002a, b; Hong, 
2007; Hong & James, 2009). The shape of the maie pore région, especially the maie 
dises, is useful for taxonomy of Korean Amynthas and has been used throughout the 
history of this taxon. Species with maie dises were reported in Hong & James (2001a) 
and Hong (2007). In this study, I describe two species with maie dises: Amynthas ha- 
samensis sp. n. and Amynthas samgaki sp. n. Exotic Drawida species (Moniligastridae) 
were also found in the area, so I conclude that endémie and exotic species are living 
together. An earlier report of the earthworm fauna from Mt. Taebaek found only one 
species, Amynthas taebaekensis (Hong & James, 2001a). 

Mt. Taebaek is located to the north of Séoul in Gangwon Provincial Park, which 
has natural forests. Among its big mountains are Janggun peak (1,567 m), Munsoo 
peak (1,517 m), and Busoe peak (1 ,546 m). Spécimens were collected by digging and 
hand sorting in June 2006 and July 2007 in slash-and-burn fields used for lettuce 
cultivation. Taxonomy in this paper follows Sims & Easton (1972), and Easton (1979). 
In the location data the terms "dong" and "ri" refer to successively smaller Korean 
political divisions and do not have direct English équivalents. The "ri" division is 



Manuscript acceptée! 08. 1 2.20 10 



224 



Y. HONG 



preceded by a number if there is more than one ri of a particular name. In this paper, 
"Hasam 2-ri" indicates the second ri named Hasam. Illustrations are of anatomical 
vievvs containing important features, prepared with a caméra lucida. Descriptions are 
based on the external examination and dorsal dissection under the stereomicroscope. 
Holotype and some paratypes are deposited in the National Institute of Biologocal 
Resources. Korea (NIBR), and other paratypes are deposited in the Muséum of Natural 
History of Geneva (MHNG). 

DESCRIPTION 

Family Megascolecidae Rosa, 1891 
Genus Amynthas Kinberg, 1867 

Amynthas hasamensis sp. n. Figs 1A-B 

Material: Holotype; clitellate (NIBRIV0000224640); Korea. Gangwon province, 
Taebaek municipality. Samsu-dong, Hasam 2-ri, Mt. Taebaek (37° 14.074'N, 128° 59.151'E), 
600-800 m. fields cleared for cultivation by burning. soil and litter layers. 29 June 2006. Y. Hong 
coll. - Paratypes: 1 clitellate (NIBRIV000022464^1). 1 clitellate (MHNG INVE 75339); same 
data as for holotype. - Nontype material; 2 clitellate spécimens, Taebaek municipality, Samsu- 
dong. Hasam 2-ri. Mt. Taebaek (37° 14.074'N, 128° 59.151'E), 600-800 m. soil and litter layers, 
4 July 2007. Y. Hong coll. 

Etymology: The species is named for Hasam 2-ri, its type locality. 

Diagnosis: Three pairs of spermathecal pores in 5/6-7/8; maie dises each with 
two transverse low ridges. short diagonal séminal groove between ridges, no other 
génital markings. 

Description: Dimensions 80-130 mm by 5.5-6.5 mm at segment X, 6.0-6.5 mm 
at segment XXX, 6.0-8.0 mm at clitellum; body cylindrical, segments 59-109. Setae 
regularly distributed around segmentai equators numbering 31-35 at VII, 63-66 at XX, 
between maie pores, setal formula AA:AB:ZZ:YZ= 2:2:4:3 at XIII. Female pore 
single in XIV. within 0.8-1 .0 mm circular porophore. Prostomium epilobic with tongue 
open. clitellum coffee color, formalin préservation. First dorsal pores at 12/13, one 
individual 11/12. Clitellum annular XIV-XVI; setae invisible externally. 

Maie field composed of paired maie dises, each approximately ovate with 
longer axis trans verse; each dise with two narrow trans verse ridges, one equatorial, 
centered to slightly latéral of center on dise; one on posterior margin of dise, almost as 
long as long axis of dise. Surface between ridges and within outer margins of dises 
generally depressed; midventral gap between dises even more depressed. Séminal 
grooves short, from just posterior to medial end of equatorial ridge, diagonally 
posterior. latéral in a short arc convex anterior-laterally across depressed area between 
ridges to meet posterior ridge. Maie pores at medial ends of séminal grooves, close to 
equatorial ridges, 0.15 circumference apart. Spermathecal pores in 5/6-7/8, 0.16 
circumference apart, each with small tongue-like appendage within furrow; thickened 
lips immediately adjacent to each pore: ventral surface of VI- VIII thickened, slightly 
rugose. faintly pigmented. 

Septa 5/6-7/8 thick, 8/9/10 absent, 10/11-13/14 thinly muscular. Gizzard large 
in VIII-X. Intestine begins in XV; lymph glands not found. Typhlosole médium sized 



TWO NEW AMYSTHAS FROM KOREA 



225 




Fig. 1 

Amxnthas hasamensis sp. n. (A) Ventral view. (B) Spermathecae and diverticulum. Scale bars = 
2.5 mm (A),2mm(B). 



226 



Y. HONG 



from XXVI. Intestinal caeca originating in XXVII and extending anteriorly about to 
XXII, simple fïnger-shaped sac. Oesophageal hearts three pairs in XI-XIII; X, only one 
side. Maie sexual system holandric, testes and funnels in ventrally joined sacs in X-XI. 
Séminal vesicles two pairs in XI-XII médium sized with dorsal lobes. Prostates in 
XVIII, extending over XVI-XIX, stout ducts, both glands consist of two main lobes, 
each divided again into many small lobes. 

O varies in XIII. Paired spermathecae in VI- VIII, VI smallest; ampulla surface 
wrinkled egg-shaped, duct slender, shorter than ampulla, diverticulum chamber 
clavate, almost transparent with slender stalk shorter than ampulla, no nephridia on 
spermathecal ducts. Génital marking glands not found. 

Remarks: In Sims & Easton (1972), Amynthas hasamensis sp. n. keys to the 
hawayanus {gracilis) group. The new species is not A. gracilis (Kinberg 1867) or its 
possible and actual synonyms (Blakemore, 2003), ail of which have several small 
génital markings in the spermathecal and maie field segments, and lack the large 
porophores with séminal grooves. The gracilis species group includes 13 species found 
in Korea and/or Japan: A. acinctus (Goto & Hâtai, 1899), A. agrestis (part) (Goto & 
Hâtai, 1898), A. camosus (Goto & Hâtai, 1899), A. communissimus (Goto & Hâtai, 
1899), A. hilgendorfi (part) (Michaelsen, 1892), A. kamitai (Kobayashi, 1934), A. pa - 
pulosus (Rosa.1896), A. phaselus (Hâtai, 1930), A. serraîus (Kobayashi, 1936), A. 
vallis (Kobayashi, 1936). A. palgongensis Hong, 2001. A. minjae Hong, 2001, and 
A.jamesi Hong, 2007. Most of thèse lack large porophores with séminal grooves and 
most have small génital markings in spermathecal and/or maie field segments. 
Amynthas communissimus has manicate caeca. Only A. vallis, A. jamesi, and A. pal- 
gongensis have séminal grooves on large porophores. Annular testes sacs are présent 
in A. vallis and A. palgongensis, but A. vallis has very long diagonal séminal grooves 
extending back towards 18/19. The new species is similar to A. palgongensis, but has 
a différent shape of the spermathecal diverticulum, a shorter diverticulum relative to 
the ampulla, fewer setae per segment at VII, and no setae between maie pores (0 vs. 
1-4). The T-shaped séminal grooves of A. palgongensis are also very distinct. Looking 
beyond the rather superficially-defined species groups in Sims & Easton (1972), the 
species is similar to A. cuneatus Hong & James, 2001, whose maie field consists of 
maie dises with short séminal grooves of the same orientation. It differs from A. cu- 
neatus in having the transverse ridges and in not having the maie dises mounted on 
large alate extensions of XVIII. The two species differ in number of spermathecal 
pores, and the thickened rugose slightly pigmented areas of VI- VIII (génital patches) 
are latéral in A. cuneatus, rather than ventral. 

Chen (1933; 1936; 1938; 1946) reported ten species of the gracilis group in 
China. Amynthas hasamensis sp. n. is similar to the Chinese A. muticus (Chen, 1938) 
and A. magnifiais (Chen, 1936) by having maie dises, but the dise shapes and 
spermathecal characters are différent, and there are no ridges in the dises of either 
Chinese species. 

Amynthas samgaki sp. n. Figs 2A-B 

Material: Holotype; clitellate (NIBRIV0000224642); Korea. Gangwon province. 
Taebaek municipality, Samsu-dong, Hasam 2-ri, Mt. Taebaek (37° 14.074'N, 128° 59.151'E), 



TWO NEW AMYNTHAS FROM KOREA 



227 




Fig.2 

Amynthas samgaki sp. n. (A) Ventral view. (B) Spermathecae and diverticulum. Scale bars = 
4 mm (A), 2 mm (B). 



228 



Y. HONG 



600-800 m, soil and litter layers, 29 June 2006, Y. Hong coll. - Paratypes; 1 clitellate (NI- 
BRIV0000224643), 1 clitellate (MHNG INVE 75338); same data as for holotype. - Nontype 
material; 1 clitellate spécimen, Taebaek municipality, Samsu-dong, Hasam 2-ri, Mt. Taebaek 
(37° 14.074'N, 128° 59.151'E), 600-800 m, soil and litter layers, 4 July 2007, Y. Hong coll. 

Etymology: The species is named after Sim Samgak, whose farm is its type 
locality. 

Diagnosis: Paired spermathecal pores in 5/6, 6/7; maie field with large egg- 
shaped raised pads with transverse séminal groove across pad center, 2.5-3.0 mm 
distance between maie pores, testes sacs ventral, paired. 

Description: Dimensions 77-110.5 mm by 4.5-4.7 mm at segment X, 6.0-6.5 
mm at segment XXX, 5.5-6.5 mm at clitellum; segments 64-79. Setae regularly distri- 
buted around segmentai equators, numbering 24-32 at VII, 52-63 at XX, 7 between 
maie pores, setal formula AA:AB:ZZ:YZ= 2.5:2:2:2 at XIII. Female pore single in 
XIV, on 0.6-0.9 mm circle or oval. Prostomium epilobic with tongue open, clitellum 
coffee color, formalin préservation. First dorsal pore at 12/13. Clitellum annular XIV- 
XVI; setae invisible externally. 

Maie field with large egg-shaped raised pads, narrow end latéral, with trans- 
verse séminal groove from center of pad to just inside latéral edge, maie pore at medial 
end of groove. Three to four concentric arcs around latéral end of pad, 2.5-3.0 mm 
distance between maie pores. Paired spermathecal pores in 5/6 and 6/7, latéral, minute. 
Génital markings lacking. 

Septa 5/6-7/8 thick, 8/9, 9/10 absent, 10/11-12/13 thickened. Gizzard large in 
VIII-X. Intestine begins in XV, lymph glands not found. Typhlosole médium sized 
from XXVI. Intestinal cecum originating in XXVII and extending anteriorly about to 
XXIV, bent down to ventral body wall, simple finger-shaped. Oesophageal hearts four 
pairs in X-XIII; X, XII and XIII large. Maie sexual System holandric, testes and funnels 
in ventrally paired sacs in X-XI. Séminal vesicles two pairs in XI-XII médium sized. 
Prostates in XVIII, extending through XVII-XIX, long stout duct, glands divided into 
small lobes. 

O varies in XIII. Paired spermathecae in VI, VII; each ampulla roughly ovate, 
flattened, wrinkled on surfaces, slender duct as long as ampulla; diverticulum chamber 
club-shaped, white; slender stalk as long as ampulla, no nephridia on spermathecae 
ducts. Génital marking glands not found. 

Remarks: Amynthas samgaki sp. n. keys to the morrisi group in Sims & Easton 
(1972), which is composed of 30 species. Chen (1933; 1936; 1938; 1946) recorded 12 
species of the morrisi group from China. Among them, none has maie pores on dises 
or similar pads. Amynthas oculatus (Chen, 1938) has a large pair of postsetal génital 
papillae but the maie pores lie outside thèse. Two species of the canaliculatus-group, 
A. jangbogoi and A. jindoensis, also have maie dises with séminal grooves, and the 
pairs of spermathecal pores are intrasegmental on VI and VII, rather than in 5/6/7. In 
A. jangbogoi the dise is bowling-pin shaped. The spermathecal diverticulum stalk of 
the latter has numerous tight kinks, as opposed to straight. I include this comparison 
because the canaliculatus-gxowp could include morrisi-group species with indepen- 
dently evolved intrasegmental spermathecal pores. 



TWO NEW AMYNTHAS FROM KOREA 



229 



The following Korean morrisi-group species are known: A. flbulus flbulus 
(Kobayashi, 1936), A. flbulus ranunculus (Kobayashi, 1936), A. kobayashii 
(Kobayashi, 1938), A. koreanus (Kobayashi, 1938), A. geojeinsulae (Song & Paik, 
1970), A. draconis Hong & James, 2001, A. naejangensis Hong & James, 2001, A. 
assimilis Hong & Kim 2002, and A. gyeryongensis Hong & Kim, 2002. Amynthas 
assimilis and A. naejangensis have maie dises with séminal grooves. In A. assimilis the 
dise and groove are oriented diagonally. Amynthas naejangensis is larger and has more 
segments (116-153 mm vs 77-110 mm, 96-117 vs 64-79 respectively) but is very 
similar in most respects. The following détails of A. naejangensis are to be contrasted 
to the description of Amynthas samgaki sp. n.: testes sacs dorsally united in X and XI, 
and enclosing séminal vesicles of XI, lymph glands présent, maie dises encroaching on 
adjacent segments, dorsal setal gap présent, as indicated in the setal formula YZ:ZZ = 
2.5:4. Clearly the two species are quite similar and could be regionally-differentiated 
descendants of a common ancestor. 

Amynthas samgaki sp. n. is probably an endémie species, but more distri- 
butional and ecological data are needed to establish its relationships to soils and land 
use patterns. Further investigations are needed on its phylogenetic relationships with 
other Amynthas species, particularly A. naejangensis. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

The author would like to express appréciation to Dr Samuel W. James, 
University of Kansas, USA, who kindly shared valuable bionomical information and 
reviewed the taxonomic descriptions in the manuscript. This work was supported by a 
grant from Rural Development Administration, Korea (2006). 

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Hong, Y. & James, S. W. 2001b. Five new earthworms of the genus Amynthas Kinberg 
(Megascolecidae) with four pairs of spermathecae. Zoological Studies 40: 269-275. 



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(Oligochaeta: Megascolecidae) from Korea. Zoological Studies 40: 263-268. 
Sims, R. W. & Easton, E. G. 1972. A numerical revision of the earthworm genus Pheretima auct. 

(Megascolecidae: Oligochaeta) with the récognition of new gênera and an appendix on 

the earthworms collected by the Royal Society North Bornéo Expédition. The Biological 

Journal of the Linnean Society, London 4: 169-268. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 1 1 8 (2): 23 1 -249; juin 20 1 1 



Long-term study on the variability in durât ion of larval period 
and timing of metamorphosis in a salamander: a way to regulate 
dispersai 

Michael R. WARBURG 

Dept. of Biology. Technion- Israël Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israël. 
E-mail: Warburg@tx.technion.ac.il 

Long-term study on the variability in duration of larval period and 
timing of metamorphosis in a salamander: a way to regulate dispersai. 

- In ail animais undergoing complex life cycles (CLC) timing of émergence 
and completion of metamorphosis is critical for survival of the juvéniles 
since the time available for dispersai is generally both spatially and tempo- 
rally limited. Metamorphosis was studied in the laboratory over many years 
in several half-sib larval cohorts (i.e. each larval cohort born to a single 
mother on the same day, so that it consists of half-sib larvae of the same 
âge). Thèse larvae were born to freshly-collected females of an endangered 
salamander species Salamandra infraimmaculata Martens, 1885. The 
larvae were raised resource-independent (singly and food unlimited) and 
allowed to métamorphose. The post-metamorphs within the same cohort, 
varied in numbers, âge, and size (mass, length) at metamorphosis. 
Moreover, cohorts differed among themselves in ail thèse aspects. The 
findings show variability in timing of metamorphosis both within and 
among cohorts. An attempt is made to assess the evolutionary significance 
of this developmental aspect to dispersai of the post-metamorphs which is 
date-limited, and to the survival of the species. 

Keywords: Salamandra - caudata - dispersai - larval cohorts - long-term 
study - metamorphic timing. 

INTRODUCTION 

Complex life cycles (CLCS) 

Life history theory is concerned with investigating and explaining by exami- 
nation of the variations in life history traits (Crump, 1989). Reproductive stratégies 
vary largely in response to environmental conditions. Différent life historiés are one 
way to spread the risk of reproductive failure which may be a resuit of unpredictable 
duration of unfavourable environment (Lampert & Linsenmair, 2002). 

Many aquatic taxa including amphibians have a complex life cycle (CLC) a 
term coined by Wilbur (1980) for such animais that undergo a dramatic change during 
their life cycle (mostly insects not only aquatic). CLCs are abundant in the animal 
kingdom or ubiquitous and they have adaptive mechanisms allowing each phase to 
respond independently to différent sélective forces (Moran, 1994). It can be viewed as 



Manuscript accepted 27.01.201 1 



232 



M. R. WARBURG 



an adaptation that allows a species to exploit two or more différent ecological envi- 
ronments (Wassersug, 1975; Wilbur & Collins, 1973). The main ecological feature of 
CLC is the shift in niches that occurs at metamorphosis (Werner & Gilliam, 1984; 
Werner, 1986). Animais may change their use of resources and their niches during their 
life cycle, utilizing différent niches during différent life stages (Ebenman, 1992). Thus, 
alternate phases occupy différent niches where each alternating phase has a separate 
niche (Moran, 1994). Thèse changes include ontogenetic changes in the individual 
animal's morphology, physiology and behaviour associated with a major change in 
habitat. Larvae and adults of organisms undergoing CLC e volve somewhat indepen- 
dently of each other having différent body plans (Ebenman, 1992; Werner, 1986). 
Consequently, an ontogenetic niche shift takes place (Moran, 1994), and thèse species 
occupy two différent niches: one by the adult (a terrestrial niche), and the other by the 
larva (an aquatic niche). They are différent animais in many respects but belong to the 
same species having the same génome in spite of the fact that each developmental stage 
occupies a différent ecological niche. Amphibians that have a CLC inhabiting two 
différent environments exhibit plasticity in timing of, and in achieving an optimal size 
at metamorphosis (Wilbur & Collins. 1973). 

TERMINOLOGY USED IN DESCRIBING THE TIME ELEMENT IN METAMORPHOSIS 

Five différent terms have been used to describe the éléments of time in studies 
on metamorphosis. 

1 . Duration: the duration of the larval period, measured from the day the egg 
hatches or the larva was born, to the time of metamorphosis. 

2. Date: meaning the chronological date during which metamorphosis takes 
place. 

3. Time: or the actual time it takes to métamorphose presumably from the date 
of birth. 

4. Age: meaning the actual âge at metamorphosis measured from the larval 
birth-date or the day the egg hatched (the day the egg was laid is generally 
not known in nature). 

5. Timing: this vague term implies a certain date or condition suitable for 
metamorphosis. 

Objectives of the study 

The objectives of this study are to clarify two main points involved in meta- 
morphosis: 

1 . Do âge and mass at metamorphosis vary within a cohort and if so to what 
extent? 

2. What could be the significance of the variability in metamorphosis, for 
timing the dispersai of post-metamorphs and for the survival of the species. 

For statistical analyses both t-tests and régression analysis were used. The rela- 
tionship between âge and dimension at metamorphosis was tested by régressions 
analysis, whereas the statistical différence between the âge groups was tested using 
t-tests. 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



233 



MATERIALS AND METHODS 

The adult population of Salamandra infraimmaculata Martens. 1855, was 
studied at a single breeding site on Mt. Carmel for 25 years 1974-1999. The site, about 
60 x 100m, surrounds four shallow (50- 100cm deep) rock-pools which are one of the 
main breeding sites for the salamanders in this area. 

The climate in this région is characterized by irregular and interrupted rainfall 
pattern resulting in intermission in the rains after the onset of the rainy season in mid- 
autumn. This results in a cyclic pattern of dehydration of the breeding ponds (Warburg, 
1992). 

Annual rainfall ranged between 397-1 160 mm averaging 690 mm over the 25- 
year study period (1974-1999). Of this 449 mm (65.1%) rain fell during the breeding 
season October-January, and the remaining 241mm (34.9%) during the rest of the rainy 
season (until the end of February). The later rains are of the utmost significance to the 
larvae that need at least six weeks to complète their metamorphic cycle (Warburg, 
2010). The larvae might not be able to complète metamorphosis once the pond water 
warms up and/or dries out. Conditions for this urodele, are part of the time suboptimal 
(i.e. winter is rather short, with dry and warm periods), as it has a rather short breeding 
season, and there is a limited time period suitable (cool and wet) for dispersai of post- 
metamorphs. 

Adult salamanders were observed near their breeding sites on stormy winter 
nights throughout the entire breeding season. The breeding season lasted for 10-12 
weeks from the 2nd half of October to the beginning of January starting at the onset of 
the rainy season (October or November) and continuing until mid-January. The ovo- 
viviparous females laid their eggs into rock-pools and the larvae hatched immediately 
upon contact with the water (Warburg et al., 1978/79). Females that bore their young 
in the laboratory were released back to nature on the same, or the following night 
(Warburg, 2007b, 2008a). 

This salamander is well adapted to life in a xeric habitat both as adult (Warburg, 
1986a, 1986b, 1994, 1997, 2006, 2007a. 2007b, 2008a, 2008b, 2009a, 2009b, 2009c), 
and as larva (Warburg, 1992, Cohen et al, 2005, 2006). 

During the long-term study (1974-1998) period, a total of 74 cohorts of half- 
sib larvae were born in the laboratory (see Warburg, 2010). Thèse cohorts contained 
4085 larvae that were ail born to freshly-collected females. Some of the larvae were 
kept in the laboratory and were raised to metamorphosis. Of thèse some were used for 
experiments (Cohen et al., 2005, 2006), whereas others (70 larvae) were raised to 
metamorphosis and for an additional 3-4 years to be released later as juvéniles back to 
nature in order to replenish the dwindling population of this rare salamander (Warburg, 
2007b, 2008a). Ail remaining larvae were released back to the ponds where their 
mothers were captured the night before . 

The présent report is based on a study of 396 of thèse larvae which were raised 
in the laboratory to metamorphosis. They were kept singularly and fed ad-libitum on 
beef liver and Tubifex until they metamorphosed. 



234 



M. R. WARBURG 



RESULTS 

The percentage of both half-sib larvae and cohorts born each month, are given 
in Figs 1 A and 1 B respectively. Most cohorts were born during November (4 1 .9%) and 
December (40.5%) (see Fig 1A). Most larvae were born during November-December 
compared to (Fig. 1B). 




Fig. 1 



Percentage of cohorts and larvae born each month of the breeding season: Most cohorts (41 .9%) 
were born in November (A) whereas most larvae (43%) in December (B). 

The larvae that were born in November metamorphosed at the latest during the 
lst week in January (Fig 2A), whereas most larvae born later metamorphosed by mid- 
February (Fig. 2B). 

The numbers of post-metamorphs and their âge are given for four larval cohorts 
(F-69, F- 163, F- 168, F-233 see Fig. 3). Both numbers and âges differed among the 
cohorts (P<0.05, ANOVA). Only in one of the cohorts (F- 163) was there a significant 
positive relationship between the numbers of post-metamorphs and their âge. 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



235 



B 



18 
16 
14 
12 
10 
8 
6 
4 
2 




Percentage of earliest metamorphosing iarvae 



11.9 



13.1 





8 




1 1.9 




9.4 








2 








4 

n 










4th 
NOV 


1st 


2nd 


3rd 

DEC 


4th 


tel 

JAN 



Months/Weeks 
Percentage of latest metamorphosing Iarvae 

17.7 



13 



10.2 



1st 



8.6 



2nd 



3rd 



4th 



2.1 

□ 

1st 



2nd 



JAN 



Months'Weeks 



Fig.2 

Percentage of earliest (Oct-Nov) and latest (Dec-Jan) metamorphs: Early-born Iarvae metamor- 
phosed starting from the 4th week in November to the lst week in January (A). Most (17.7%) 
of the late-born Iarvae metamorphosed during the 4th week in January until mid-February (B). 

AGE AT METAMORPHOSIS 

The number of metamorphosing Iarvae and their âge at metamorphosis are 
given in Fig. 4 A for 130 post-metamorphs. There was no significant relationship 
between their numbers of and their âge (P<0.05, ANOVA). When grouped into 10-day 
âge groups (Fig. 4B), a significant relationship was noticed between the number of 
Iarvae metamorphosing and their âge (R 2 = 0.8823 logarithmic n = 130) meaning that 
most Iarvae (n = 70 or 54.8 %) metamorphosed when 40-60 days old. No such signi- 
ficant différence was noted when the number metamorphosing was compared between 
the remaining différent âge groups. 

Age at metamorphosis differed significantly among cohorts. Four cohorts are 
compared (F- 163, F- 168, F-69, F-233 see Fig. 5A-B). Thus, âge of cohort F-69 differed 



236 



M. R. WARBURG 



3 



Cohort F-69 

o> 4 

8 

I 

E 2 ♦ 

a 
■ 

E 1 

io 

50 60 70 

Age (days) 



Cohort F-163 



a 
c 


14 


S 


12 


a. 


10 


o 


8 


E 




g 


6 


mel 


4 j 


8 


2 



60 70 80 

Age (days) 



Cohort F-168 



55 

Age (days) 



Cohort F-233 

o> 30 

g 25 ♦ 

20 

O 

E 15 
■ 

© 10 # 

40 50 60 70 80 90 



Age (days) 



FlG.3 

Numbers and âge at metamorphosis in four cohorts born in December: Note the variability 
between the four cohorts, in both numbers and âge at metamorphosis 

from F-163 (T value= -3.27; P value= 0.002; DF=31), and from cohort F-168 F (T 
value= 8.18; P value < 0001; DF=40), and âge of cohort F. 163 differed from cohort 
F-168 (T value= 20.9; P value < 0.0001; DF=53). 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



237 



Duration of metamorphosis or the metamorphosis span Le. from the time the 
first larva metamorphosed (minimal time) until the last larva metamorphosed (maximal 
time), ranged between 14 days in cohort F- 163 to 71 days in cohort F-233 (Fig. 5A). 

Age and mass at metamorphosis 

The relationship between the average mass and the âge at metamorphosis in two 
half-sib larval cohorts (F-69, F- 163) both born in the laboratory, is depicted in Figs 
6A-B. In one cohort (F-69), no significant relationship could be found between âge and 
mass of metamorphosing larvae, whereas in the second cohort (F- 163) mass related 
significantly to âge (R 2 = 0.9071 power). A significant différence (t-tests) between 
mass of post-metamorphs was also observed in some âge classes (Table 1). 



Table l. Différences (t-tests) between mass of metamorphs (grouped in âge groups), values in 
bold are significant 





Age groups 
(days) 


40-49 


50-59 


60-69 


70-79 


80-89 




50-59 












T 




0.275 










P 




0.784 










DF 


60-69 


107 










T 




4.38 


2.98 








P 




0.0001 


0.004 








DF 


70-79 


109 


56 








T 




5.88 


4.03 


0.055 






P 




0.0001 


0.0001 


0.582 






DF 


80-89 


121 


68 


70 






T 




3.06 


2.37 


0.18 


-1.87 




P 




0.003 


0.02 


0.85 


0.85 




DF 


90-99 


88 


35 


37 


49 




T 




2.28 


1.76 


-1.04 


-0.38 


-0.25 


P 




0.025 


0.087 


0.967 


0.71 


0.807 


DF 




85 


32 


34 


46 


13 



Mass and length at metamorphosis 

Average length showed no significant relationship with average mass (see 
Fig. 7). There was a significant différence (t-tests) between length of post-metamorphs 
when arranged in âge classes (Table 2). 



Age-mass-length relationships 

No significant relationship could be seen between either mass or length with 
âge at metamorphosis in larvae born in the laboratory belonging to either a single 
cohort (F- 168 see Fig. 8A), or for metamorphs belonging to six différent cohorts in 
Fig. 8B. 



238 



M. R. WARBURG 



Table 2. Différences (t-tests) between length of metamorphs (grouped in âge groups), values in 
bold are significant. 

Ag (diy°s7 S 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 



50-59 



T 




0.346 










P 




0.97 










DF 


60-69 


111 










T 




7.515 


5.13 








p 




0.0001 


0.0001 








DF 


70-79 


108 


59 








T 




11.961 


7.9 


3.06 






P 




0.0001 


0.0001 


0.003 






DF 


80-89 


121 


72 


69 






T 




2.393 


1.667 


-1.67 


-3.27 




P 




0.19 


0.103 


0.1 


0.002 




DF 


90-99 


88 


39 


36 


49 




T 




1.972 


1.41 


-1.66 


-2.91 


-0.088 


P 




0.052 


0.168 


0.002 


0.005 


0.931 


DF 




85 




49 


46 


13 



MONTHS OF DISPERSAL 

Most of the earliest born larvae (mid-October-November) will métamorphose 
50 days later i.e. during December-January, and the latest born will métamorphose and 
disperse by the end of March. Most metamorphosis (83%) will take place during 
January-February (Fig. 9A). Rainfall dropped significantly during this period from 
33% during December to 15% in March (Fig. 9B). 

Date of metamorphosis (month/weeks) 

A scheme depicting larval period in the ponds, and putative earliest and latest 
dates of metamorphosis is given in Fig. 10A-B. The earliest larvae are born in the 4th 
week of October (Fig. 10 A) provided that there had been sufficient rain to form the 
ponds (Fig. 10B). The last larvae were born at the beginning of January. This scheme 
assumes the maximal time it takes to métamorphose to be 11 weeks. Based on such an 
assumption, the larvae born in October will have metamorphosed by the 4th week in 
February, whereas those born in January will have metamorphosed by the end of May. 
This is not realistic since the ponds usually dry out long before then, even during rainy 
years. As indicated by the average monthly rainfall during the breeding season 
(October- January) with most rains falling during December-January (Fig. 10B). 

DISCUSSION 

The onset of the breeding season is the egg-laying period (in oviparous species), 
or the period during which larvae are born (in ovoviviparous and viviparous species). 
The date an egg was laid or a larva was born or hatched, is the start of the breeding 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



239 



Age at metamorphosis 



30 

£ 25 

V) 

o 

f s- 20 

O CO 

§ ^ 15 

5 c 

2 w 10 



27 



4 4 



5 5 5 



2 J 22 2 <>2 ,, 2 2 

: : m : m i : 1 1 1 ■ ■ i : ■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■ i m .■ : 



11111 



* <3 N # <b N # A* <* 4» ^ <b N <^ # 9> N N N b 

Age (days) 




40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-99 100-115 
Age groups (days) 



Fig. 4 

Numbers and âge at metamorphosis: Of the 130 metamorphs most (27) were 46 days old (A). 
The majority (45) metamorphosed when 40-49 days old (B). Note the remarkable range in âge 
at metamorphosis (40-115 days). 

season. Hatching, or the date the egg hatched is the onset of the larval period in egg- 
laying animais with CLCs. 

BlRTH AND HATCHING 

There is rather little information on hatching dates in urodele amphibians. More 
information is available on the aquatic dragonfly larvae. Hatching was found to be 
asynchronous spreading over 25 days, thereby producing a broad range of larval size- 
distribution (Hopper et al., 1996). In the salamander studied here, the variation in new- 



240 



M. R. WARBURG 



Metamorphosis span 



V) 50 

>» 

ra 

ta 40 
6 

Z 30 



20 
10 




71 



22 



24 



14 



F-163 



M 68 F-69 

Cohorte 



F- 233 



Minimum (triangles) and maximum (quadrates) âge at 
metamorphosis in four cohorts 




40 
F-163 F- 168 F-69 F-233 

Cohorts 



Fig. 5 

Metamorphosis span and minimal and maximal âge in four cohorts: The span in number of days 
between the minimum and maximum âge at metamorphosis (see A) ranged between 14 days in 
one cohort (F-163) and 71 days in another (F-233) (A). The maximum and minimum âge at 
metamorphosis in the same cohorts (see B) differed in the four cohorts. The minimal âge ranged 
between 44 days (in cohort F-233), and 67 days (in cohort F-163). The maximal âge ranged 
between 8 1 days to 1 1 5 day. 

born larval size varies and there are half-sib cohorts in which this variance is larger 
(Degani & Warburg, 1995). The reasons for this are discussed at length in Cohen et al. 
(2005). 

The larval period 

It is well known that the pre-metamorphosis (first 3-4 weeks of life) of 
amphibian larvae is entirely dedicated to growth (Etkin, 1963). The following 5-6 
weeks are dedicated to differentiation. 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



241 



Cohort F-69 (n=10) 



1.4 

1.2 



en 0.8 



1.31 



1.21 



0.93 1.01 



0.4 
0.2 



1.09 1.08 



1.16 



1.05 



0.83 



0.89 



57 57 57 72 72 75 75 75 81 81 
Age (days) 



B 



Cohort F-163 (n=23) 



D5 



2.2 
2 
1.8 
1.6 
1.4 
1.2 
1 

0.8 
0.6 
0.4 
0.2 




67 72 72 72 76 76 76 76 76 76 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 

Age (days) 

Fig. 6 

Age and mass at metamorphosis in two cohorts: Mass at metamorphosis is shown in two cohorts: 
F-69 (n=10, see A) and F-163 (n=23 see B). In both cohorts there is no significant relationship 
between âge and mass at metamorphosis. 



Larval GROWTH 

The growth of larvae belonging to cohorts known to be of the same âge and of 
a single maternai origin (thereby lowering variability), was followed by raising them 
under conditions in which both food, and density conditions remained constant 
throughout larval life, and growth inhibitory factors (excreted by other larvae in the 
pond see Warburg, 1997) were eliminated (by daily changing the water). 

It was possible to calculate the percentage of mass added during larval life. 
This way différent growth modes could be identified and described. As a resuit, it was 



242 



M. R. WARBURG 



Relationship between mass and length in newly 
metamorphosed 



70 
68 

66 * ♦ ♦ 

-64 * 
E ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

P 62 ♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

^ «*♦ ♦ ♦ 

£60 ♦ ♦ 



100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 

Mass(mg) 

Fig. 7 

Mass and length at metamorphosis: There was no significant relationship between length and 
mass at metamorphosis. 

shown that half-sib larvae belonging to a single cohort (born at the same time to one 
mother) grow at more than one growth rate. Some grow fast whereas others grow slow 
(Cohen et al., 2006). The duration of the larval period (i.e. their âge), as well as their 
size at metamorphosis dépend on their larval growth history (Cohen et al., 2005, 2006). 

DlFFERENTIATION 

Differentiation during the pro-metamorphosis period (that starts at 5-6 weeks 
âge see Etkin, 1963), results in the formation of three main organs that are essential in 
physiological adaptation of amphibians to terrestrial life (skin, lungs and kidneys). 
Thèse differentiate and become functional at metamorphic climax, enabling terrestrial 
breathing and functional excrétion organs. Metamorphosis does not seem possible un- 
til a minimum size is attained. Age and size at metamorphosis are inversely correlated 
(Koop & Baur, 2000). The onset of metamorphosis dépends on larvae reaching the 
appropriate developmental stage when thèse organs essential for survival on land are 
ready (lungs, see Warburg, 1997; skin, see Warburg et al., 1994; kidney, see 
Gealekman & Warburg, 2000). The time table involved in organogenesis is largely 
variable . 

Metamorphosis 

There are several risks involved in successful completion of metamorphosis, 
thèse are: 

1. The onset of pond formation. This dépends on the date of first heavy rains 
which détermines the onset of the breeding season. A delay in rains can 
disrupt the entire breeding season. 

2. The amount of rain sufficient to fill the ponds. Will rains corne early enough 
and in sufficient quantities to fill the ponds? This will détermine the extent of 
the breeding season. Will the ponds fill with sufficient water to sustain larval 
growth until the completion of metamorphosis? 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



243 



Average âge, length (line) and mass (columns) in cohort 
168 (n=32) 




é> p # $> $ £> # # ^ # # 4> # <^ # 

Age (days) 



Relationships between âge, mass (squares) and length 
(triangles) in six half-sib cohorts (n=201) 




Age (days) 

Fig. 8 

Mass, length and âge at metamorphosis in a single cohort (F- 168) (A), and in six différent 
cohorts (B): There was no significant relationship between length, mass and âge at meta- 
morphosis when compared in either metamorphs of a single cohort: F- 168 (A), or in six cohorts 
(B). 

3. The pattern of rainfall i.e. the timing and extent of intermissions in rainfall 
(Warburg, 1986b). Will the break in rainfall happen too soon after the larvae 
were born? This détermines survival of early-born larvae? Will the break in 
rain be short enough so that larvae born early will be able to survive? 
(Warburg, 1992)? 

4. Will there be enough food in the ponds to enable larval growth, and will 
larval density enable rapid development (see Cohen et al.. 2006: Warburg. 
2009b)? 



244 



M. R. WARBURG 



Percentage of metamorphs during dispersai months 



Mar(6%) Dec (11%) 




Jan (29%) 



FlG.9 

Percentage of metamorphs (A) and rainfall (B) during months of dispersai: The majority of 
metamorphs emerged and dispersed during January (43%) and February (40%) (A). Most rain 
fell during December (33%) and January (29%) (B). 

5. Will late-born larval cohorts be lost because they provide food for early-born 

cannibal larvae (see Cohen et al., 2005)? 
The successful survival of post-metamorphs dépends on the survival of the lar- 
vae in spite of ail thèse risks. 

Two main points émerge from this study: 

1 .The significance in timing of metamorphosis. 

2. The variability observed during ail phases of the metamorphic cycle. 
Timing of émergence 

It is not surprising that as a resuit of asynchronous hatching followed by 
differential growth rates, the subséquent émergence of aquatic larvae from the water 
onto land, spreads over a longer period of time. Thus, in some dragonfly species émer- 
gence lasted 4-7 days (Ubukata, 1974, cited in Corbet, 1980), in others émergence 
spread over 1 1 days (Suhling, 1995), or 24 days (Falk & Johansson, 2000). Aoki (1999) 
describes temporal variation in émergence lasting about 26 days, whereas Suhling 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



245 



Larval (bottom line) and metamorphic periods of Oct- Jan larvae 



Jan. born 



Dec. born 
Oct. born 



Nov. born 
Larval period 





un 


5 = 1 i 

r w n ' 


1 1 

CM " 




1 1 1 

^ N « * 


1 1 1 

«- £ M * 


1 1 1 
' e S S 


5 » SI 

CM « "* 




Nov 


Dec 


Jan 




Feb 


Mar 


Apr 


May 



Months Weeks 



B 



160 
-p 140 
| 120 
Ë 100 



Average monthly rainfall during the breeding seasons 1974-1998 



181 



106.5 



34.2 

□ 



155 



121.9 



28.9 

□ ^ 



Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May 

MonthS 

Fig.10 

Earliest and latest dates of larval and metamorphosis periods and average monthly rainfall: This 
scheme (A) depicts the larval period (bottom) followed by the periods during which larvae that 
were born from October to January, metamorphosed. The last of the January-born larvae meta- 
morphosed during the 4th week in May. The average monthly rainfall is given in B showing how 
very dangerous it is to métamorphose late in the season (after March). 



et al. (2004) found that duration of larval stages from oviposition to émergence ranged 
between 38-70 (up to 285) days in some dragonfly species. 

The young urodelan post-metamorphs will have to time their émergence onto 
land so that températures will be sufficiently low and the soil will be still moist to 
enable successful dispersai. This dépends on the amount of rains until then, and on the 
season. Emergence in winter is préférable to spring émergence. Thus, the timing of 
émergence to fit a certain date is of great significance. Moreover, both their âge at 
metamorphosis (measured from their birth in the laboratory), as well as the duration of 
the larval period (i.e. the time it takes to métamorphose), are of great significance. 
Finally, the size attained by the larvae before metamorphosing is of great conséquence 
to the survival of the post-metamorphs. The survival of the young post-metamorphs 
dépends on the following three factors: Date of birth, time or timing of metamorphosis, 
and âge at metamorphosis 

In Nothophîhalmus viridescens the timing of post-metamorphs' émigration is 
strongly influenced by rainfall (Healy, 1975). Likewise, the hydroperiod significantly 



246 



M. R. WARBURG 



affected timing of metamorphosis in Ambystoma texanum (Ryan, 2007), and 
Ambystoma talpoideum can adjust the timing of metamorphosis in response to water 
level (Semlitsch & Wilbur, 1988). Hurlbert (1970) noted that extended breeding period 
in N. viridescens (10 wks) influence timing of metamorphosis (160-200 dys). It 
appears that the variations in growth rates induce variation in metamorphic timing in 
Desmognaîhus quadramaculatus (Holbrook) (see Hichersion et al., 2005). Timm et al., 
(2007a) found considérable intra-specific variation in several urodeles, in the timing of 
émigration over the years. Thèse variations may be due to ambient conditions (Timm 
et al., 2007a, 2007b). 

DlSPERSAL 

Post-metamorphic dispersai is an ecological phenomenon of fundamental 
importance to population biology because of its significance in juvénile recruitment. 
However, it is notoriously difficult to measure especially in amphibians, because of 
technical problems involved in marking the délicate larvae. Very little is known about 
dispersai timing in nature of young salamander post-metamorphs (as indeed also of any 
other taxa). This post-metamorphs* dispersai or 'émigration' dépends on both time and 
size of the juvéniles that will enable them to disperse as soon as possible and to 
maximal distance. The chance of the species' survival dépends on its potential as a 
colonizer. 

There is one exception perhaps, in dragonflies (Anholt, 1990). Unlike 
amphibians, dragonfly larvae are unique in that émergence from water can be noted 
accurately since marking larvae with paint allows identification of their exuviae (cast 
skins) after émergence following their completion of metamorphosis (Corbet et al., 
1960). Similar studies are not possible in amphibians. There, the only technique used 
is by collecting animais emigrating from the ponds by drift fences. (This however was 
not possible in the présent study because of the ponds proximity to a high-security 
prison). Conrad et al. (1999) studied dispersai in seven dragonfly species and found 
that it differed significantly among species. 

After metamorphosis, the post-metamorphs need to disperse and emigrate as 
soon and as far as possible during the suitable season since dispersai is limited both 
spatially and temporally. The sooner the larvae métamorphose and the farther away 
they disperse, their chance of survival and of successful colonization will increase. 
Size of the juvéniles is crucial in enabling them to disperse to maximal distance. Ail 
thèse are of great significance because of the need to disperse before the onset of heat- 
spells in spring 

The latest born salamander larvae were in mid-January. Since the maximal time 
it takes to métamorphose is about three months they will have to disperse by mid-April. 
As an example: larvae of female F-233 were born on 20 Dec. 1998. Consequently the 
first ones to métamorphose after 40 days dispersed late January and the last ones 
dispersed mid March after 88 days. Ail thèse are of great significance because of the 
need to disperse before the onset of heat-spells in late spring. 



METAMORPHIC VARIABILITY 



247 



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Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 251-256; juin 2011 



A new Scutpelecopsis Marusik & Gnelitsa from Romania 
(Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae) 

Ioan DUMA 1 & Andrei V. TANASEVITCH 2 

1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Chemistry-Biology-Geography, West University 
of Timisoara, Pestalozzi 16, Timisoara 3001 15, Timis county, Romania. 

E-mail: ioan.duma@gmail.com 

2 Centre for Forest Ecology and Production, Russian Academy of Sciences, 
Profsoyuznaya Str. 84/32, Moscow 117997, Russia. E-mail: and-tan@mail.ru 

A new Scutpelecopsis Marusik & Gnelitsa from Romania (Araneae, 
Linyphiidae, Erigoninae). - A new species, S. loricata sp. n., is described 
from the southern Carpathians, Romania, differing from the two known 
congeners by détails of the palp and epigyne conformation. Ail records of 
Scutpelecopsis krausi (Wunderlich, 1980) from the Caucasus actually refer 
to S. wunderlichi Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009, thus the known distribution of 
S. krausi remains restricted to the type locality in Macedonia. 

Keywords: Arachnida - dwarf spiders - new species - Carpathians. 
INTRODUCTION 

The genus Scutpelecopsis Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009 was recently established 
for two species: the Caucasian S. wunderlichi Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009, as the type 
species, and the Macedonian S. krausi (Wunderlich, 1980) (Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009). 
A third congener, S. loricata sp. n., was found in the southern Carpathians, and its 
description is the subject of this paper. 

The genus Scutpelecopsis now comprises three similar species, which differ 
from each other by small différences in palp and epigyne structure, as well as by the 
arrangement and dimensions of the abdominal scuta. The genus is closely related to 
Pelecopsis Simon, 1864, and its représentatives are distinguished by a strongly armo- 
red body, as well as by the peculiar shape of the maie palpai tibia and the ventral epi- 
gynal plate. 

MATERIAL AND METHODS 

This paper is based on the spider material collected by Ioan and Violeta-Alina 
Duma from the southern Carpathians, Romania in 2009-2010. Some comparative 
material from the Zoological Muséum of the Moscow State University (Moscow, 
Russia) and the personal collection of Andrei Tanasevitch (Moscow, Russia) was 
examined. 

Spécimens, preserved in 70% ethanol, were studied using a Zeiss stereomicro- 
scope. Close examinations of the palp and epigyne were made in glycerol using an 



Manuscript accepted03.09.2010 



252 



[. DUMA & A. V. TANASEVITCH 



Olympus BX51 compound microscope with an Olympus E-330 digital caméra. A 
caméra lucida was used for the drawings. Ail measurements are given in mm. Scale li- 
nes in the figures correspond to 0.1 mm unless otherwise indicated. 

The terminology of the maie palpai tibia détails follows that of Marusik & 
Gnelitsa (2009). A new terminology for the ventral abdominal scuta is proposed by us 
as more logical and related to their position on the abdomen. 

Abbreviations used in the text and figures: AO - anterior tegular outgrowth, 
CAT - personal collection of Andrei Tanasevitch, DA - dorsal tibial apophysis, E - 
embolus. IA - intermediate tibial apophysis. ME - membranous edge, MM - médian 
membrane. MS - mesal abdominal scuta, PO - posterior tegular outgrowth, PS - pedicel 
scuta. PVS - posteroventral scutum, RA - retrolateral tibial apophysis, Tml - position 
of trichobothrium on tibia I. VP - ventral plate, ZMMU - Zoological Muséum of the 
Moscow State University. 

Ail type material is without registration numbers and deposited in the Muséum 
d'histoire naturelle. Geneva, Switzerland. 

Scutpelecopsis loricata sp. n. Figs 1-11 

Holotype: â . Romania. Caras-Se vérin. Bâile Herculane. Domogled Mountain. Cheile 
Feregari (44°5r59"N, 22°24'53""E). 350 m a.s.l.. dry valley, under limestone rocks, hand 
collecting, 3.IV.2010. leg. I. Duma. 

Paratypes: 6 6.4 9. same locality and date as for holotype. - 1 6 . Caras-Se vérin, 
Dubova. Mraconia valley (44°37'55"N 22°16'55"E), 200 m a.s.l.. 4.VII.2010, leg. I. Duma. - 
1 9 . Bâile Herculane. Domogled Mountain. Cheile Feregari (44°51'59"N, 22°24'53"E), 359 m 
a.s.l.. dry valley. under rocks, hand collecting. 14.V.2009. leg. V.-A. Duma. 

Etymology: The spécifie name. an adjective. translated from Latin as "iron- 
clad". refers to the strong body armor. 

Diagnosis: The new species is characterized by the strongly armored body in 
both sexes, as well as by the peculiar shape of the palpai tibia in maie and the ventral 
plate of the epigy ne in female. 

Description: Maie holotype. Total length 1 .61 . Carapace unmodified, as shown 
in Figs 1-2. with fine granulation. 0.67 long. 0.63 wide posteriorly. Sternum extended 
between coxae IV, 0.43 long, 0.42 wide posteriorly. with fine granulation. Chelicerae 
0.26 long, anterior margin with five teeth, posterior one with two teeth. Stridulatory 
files fine. Labium wider than long. Legs brownish yellow. with darker femora. Length 
of leg segments, see Table 1 . 

Chaetotaxy: 1.1.1.1. length of spines about diameter of segment. Metatarsus IV 
without trichobothrium. Tml 0.31. Palp (Figs 5-8): Tibia with tree apophyses: dorsal 
one hook-shaped: retrolateral one flattened, slightly widened and concave terminally; 
intermediate apophysis small, triangular. flattened. Paracymbium simple, narrow, 
hook-shaped. Tegulum with an anterior conical outgrowth directed forward, as well as 
with a small outgrowth in posterior part directed backward. Médian membrane large, 
funnel-shaped. Embolus thin. long and coiled. membranous edge narrow. Tuberculated 
outgrowth présent, hidden by médian membrane. Abdomen 1.10 long. 0.80 wide, 
dorsal scutum with fine granulation covering entire dorsal surface. Sigilla well visible. 
Abdomen ventrally covered with a large scutum extending from pedicel to spinnerets. 



A NEW SCUTPF±ECOPSlS FROM ROM ANI A 



253 





Figs 1-4 

Carapace of Scutpelecopsis loricata sp. n., 6 holotype (1-2), 9 (3-4). (1, 3) Dorsal view. (2,4) 
Latéral view. 

Female (from the type locality). Total length 1.94. Carapace unmodified, as 
shown in Figs 3-4, 0.76 long, 0.73 wide, dark brown to almost black, vvith fine granu- 
lation except on cephalic région. Sternum 0.41 long, 0.43 wide, dark brown, with 
sparse hairs. Chelicerae 0.23 long, anterior margin with five teeth, posterior one with 
two teeth. Stridulatory files fine. Chaetotaxy as in maie, length of spines about 
diameter of segment. Metatarsus IV without trichobothrium. Tml 0.30. Length of leg 
segments, see Table 1 . 

Abdomen 1.37 long, 1.15 wide, dorsal scutum with fine granulation, covering 
almost entire dorsal surface. Anterior pair of sigilla well visible, posterior pair indis- 
tinct. Venter (Fig. 9) with a pair of pedicel scuta, a pair of large mesal scuta, as well as 
with an unpaired posteroventral scutum. Epigyne somewhat anchoriform, with long, 
weakly sclerotized latéral parts. Two round and weakly sclerotized dépressions présent 
on each side of base of ventral plate as shown in Fig. 10. Vulva as shown in Fig. 1 1 . 

Variability: Ail examined spécimens do not differ in size and position of the 
intermediate tibial apophysis, number of teeth on the chelicerae, size and shape of 
scuta. Some différences exist in the body size: maies vary from 1.61 to 1.7, females 
from 1.8 to 1.94. 



254 I. DUMA & A. V. TANASEVITCH 

Table 1 . Length of leg segments in maie and female (in parenthèses) of Scutpelecopsis loricata 
sp. n. 



Leg 


Fémur 


Patella 


Tibia 


Metatarsus 


Tarsus 


Total 


I 

II 

III 

IV 


0.56 (0.56) 
0.52 (0.55) 
0.43 (0.46) 
0.61 (0.72) 


0.16(0.15) 
0.14(0.14) 
0.13 (0.13) 
0.16(0.16) 


0.46 (0.44) 
0.39 (0.39) 
0.29 (0.33) 
0.52 (0.52) 


0.35 (0.36) 
0.32 (0.32) 
0.28 (0.30) 
0.38 (0.40) 


0.34 (0.34) 
0.30 (0.31) 
0.26 (0.27) 
0.32 (0.32) 


1.87 (1.85) 
1.67 (1.71) 
1.39(1.49) 
1.99 (2.12) 



Taxonomic remarks: The new species differs from the two known congeners 
by the longer embolus with a narrowing membranous edge, by the présence of a 
distinct anterior conical outgrowth, by small détails of the maie palpai tibia, as well as 
by the number of cheliceral teeth (5/2 versus 6/5 in others). S. loricata sp. n. is most 
similar to S. wunderlichi, but differs clearly by the smaller size and the position of the 
intermediate apophysis on the maie palp: in the new species it is situated higher and 
closer to the dorsal tibial apophysis. The female of S. loricata sp. n., differs by the 
wider ventral plate of the epigyne, as well as by the length of the posteroventral scutum 
(b in Fig. 9): ca. 1/4 of the abdomen length instead of 1/3 as in S. wunderlichi, and by 
the distance between mesal scuta and posteroventral scutum: in S. loricata sp. n. this 
distance is about 1/2 of the length of the posteroventral scutum (a/b in Fig. 9), in 
S. wunderlichi it is much less, about 1/5-1/6). 

The female of the new species clearly differs from that of S. krausi by having a 
scutum which covers the entire dorsal abdominal surface, whereas in S. krausi the 
dorsal scutum is developed as a large spot around the sigilla. The maie of S. loricata 
sp. n. can be distinguished from that of S. krausi by the longer embolus and by the 
triangular shape of the intermediate tibial apophysis, which is truncate in S. krausi. 

Distribution: The new species is known from only two localities (close to each 
other) in Romania. 

Scutpelecopsis wunderlichi Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009 

Pelecopsis krausi Wunderlich, 1980. - Tanasevitch, 1987: 360, misidentification, examined- 
Tanasevitch, 1990: 58, 106, figs 23.8, 24.5, misidentification, examined. 

Scutpelecopsis wunderlichi Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009: 60, figs 1-11, 15-17, 20-26, 29-30, 
35-43, 48-54, description et & 9 , types not examined. 

Material examined: Spécimens previously determined as S. krausi, re-examined by A. 
Tanasevitch in 2010; 10 d, 4 9 (CAT), Russia, Caucasus, Republic of Severnaya Osetiya- 
Alaniya, S slope of Tsey Mt Ridge, 3-4 km E of Tsey Village, 2300 m a.s.l., burned-out Pinus 
forest, young Pinus, Salix caprea, tallgrass, 18.IV.-8.VI.1985, leg. S. Alekseev. - 1 6 (ZMMU), 
same locality, 2000 m a.s.l., Pinus with Azalea, 28.IX.1985, leg. S. Alekseev. - 1 6 (ZMMU), 
same locality, 3000 m a.s.l., alpine meadow, 28.IX.1985, leg. S. Alekseev. - 10 S , 4 2 (CAT), 
Caucasus, Georgia, Borzhomi District, Akhaldaba, 1000 m a.s.l., Nedzura River Valley, Picea, 
Carpinus & Fagus forest, litter, logs, 12.V.1983, leg. S. Golovatch. - 1 6 (ZMMU), Caucasus, 
Armenia, Shnokh Village (between Alaverdi & Bagratashen), 750 m a.s.l., Carpinus forest, 
24.V.1987, leg. S. Golovatch & K. Eskov. 

Remarks: When describing S. wunderlichi from Abkhazia, Caucasus, Marusik 
& Gnelitsa (2009) noted that they have not seen the material of Pelecopsis krausi (now 
in Scutpelecopsis) reported by A. Tanasevitch from the Caucasus (Tanasevitch, 1987, 
1990). This material is available in the Zoological Muséum of the Moscow State 



A NEW SCUTPELECOPS1S FROM ROMANIA 



255 




Figs 5-8 

Scutpelecopsis loricata sp. n., 6 holotype. (5) Left palp, retrolateral view. (6) Same, prolateral 
view. (7) Same, ventral view. (8) Palpai tibia, dorsal view. 



University and in the personal collection of Andrei Tanasevitch. Our examination of 
the material listed above has shown that ail records of S. krausi from the Caucasus 
actually refer to S. wunderlichi, thus the known distribution of S. krausi is restricted to 
the type locality in Macedonia. 

Distribution: Caucasus: Armenia, Georgia, Republic of Severnaya Osetiya- 
Alaniya, Russia (Tanasevitch, 1987, 1990, under Pelecopsis krausi) and Abkhazia 
(Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009). 

Range: Caucasian. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

We are indebted to Peter Schwendinger (Geneva, Switzerland) for valuable 
comments, corrections and help in preparing the final manuscript. We vvould also like 



256 



[. DUMA & A. V. TANASEVITCH 




Figs 9-11 

Scutpelecopsis loricata sp. n., 9 . (9) Abdomen, ventral vievv. (10) Epigyne, ventral view. (11) 
Vulva, ventral view. 

to thank Jôrg Wunderlich (Hirschberg, Germany). Yuri Marusik (Magadan, Russia) and 
Christo Deltshev (Sofia. Bulgaria) for their comments on earlier drafts of the ma- 
nuscript. For collecting some of the material used here we thank Violeta-Alina Duma. 

REFERENCES 

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Mediterranean and the most armored erigonid species from the western Caucasus 
(Aranei: Linyphiidae: Erigoninae). Arthropoda Selecta 18 (1-2): 57-68. 

Tanasevitch. A. V. 1987. The linyphiid spiders of the Caucasus. USSR (Arachnida: Araneae: 
Linyphiidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 67 (4/6): 297-383. 

Tanasevitch. A. V. 1990. The spider family Linyphiidae in the fauna of the Caucasus 
(Arachnida. Aranei) (pp. 5-114). In: Striganova, B. R. (éd.). Fauna of the terrestrial 
invertebrates of the Caucasus. Nauka Publisher, Moscow, 237 pp. 

Wunderlich. J. 1980. Linyphiidae aus Siid-Europa und Nord-Afrika (Arachnida: Araneae). 
Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Hamburg 
(N.F.) 23: 319-337. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 257-264; juin 201 1 



Ceratophy sella lobata sp. n. from Siberia with notes on 

C. brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 (Collembola: Hypogastruridae) 

Anatoly BABENKO 1 & Dariusz SKARZYNSKI 2 

1 The Severtsov Institute of Ecology & Evolution. Russian Academy of Sciences, 
Moscow 119071, Leninski pr., 33, Russia. E-mail: lsdc@mail.ru 

2 Zoological Institute, Wrocîaw University. Przybyszewskiego 63/77, 51-148 Wroclaw, 
Poland; E-mail: hypogast@biol.uni.wroc.pl 

Ceratophy sella lobata sp. n. from Siberia with notes on C. brevisensillata 
Yosii, 1961 (Collembola: Hypogastruridae). - Ceratophysella lobata 
sp. n. from Siberia (Russia) and Alaska (USA) is described. Notes on 
morphology and taxonomic status of the similar species Ceratophysella 
brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 are given. 

Keywords: Collembola - Siberia - Alaska - taxonomy. 
INTRODUCTION 

Ceratophysella Borner. 1932 is a large collembolan genus comprising 125 
hemiedaphic species (Bellinger et al., 2010). The genus is generally cosmopolitic, but 
the majority of species live in temperate climatic zone of Palaearctic (Babenko et al., 
1994, Thibaud et al, 2004) and Nearctic (Christiansen & Bellinger, 1980). For long 
time Ceratophysella brevisensillata Yosii, 1961, described on material from the north- 
eastern part of the USA (Yosii, 1960. 1961), was one of the most easily distinguishable 
species of the genus mainly because of a notable différence in sensilla length on 
thoracic and abdominal terga. Based on spécimens from Alaska, Fjellberg (1985) 
added new diagnostic features, namely a spécifie shape of one of the maxillary 
lamellae. However, in the eastern Palaearctic two distinct forms with short thoracic 
sensilla but différent maxillae were detected (Babenko et al., 1994) and it was not clear 
which one belongs to the true C. brevisensillata. Two différent types of maxillae in the 
"species" were also found in Alaska ( Arne Fjellberg, pers. comm.). Due to the kindness 
of Dr. Peter Schwendinger (Muséum of Natural History Geneva) we were able to study 
several types of C. brevisensillata from Massachusetts, USA and to solve a problem of 
two east Palaearctic-Alaskan forms of this "species'*. Below we redescribe types of 
C. brevisensillata and describe a new species having a différent type of maxillae. 

MATERIAL AND METHODS 

Terminology for the descriptions follows that given in Fjellberg (1984. 1999). 
Babenko et al. (1994) and Thibaud et al. (2004). Abbreviations used: ant. I-IV - 
antennal segments I-IV, th. I-III - thoracic terga I-III, abd. I-VI - abdominal terga I-VI. 
Depositories: MNHG - Muséum of Natural History. Geneva. Switzerland; MPGU - 



Manuscript accepted 3 1 .10.2010 



258 



A. BABENKO & D. SKARZYNSKI 



Chair of Zoology and Ecology of the Moscow State Pedagogical University, Russia; 
DBET - Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Taxonomy, Wrocïaw 
University, Poland; AF - collection of A. Fjellberg, Tjôme, Norway. 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 

Ceratophy sella brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 Figs 1-9 

Material examined: 10 paratypes (?) on slides, formerly in alcoholic vial labeled: 
..Hxpogastrura (Ceratophxsella) pseudarmata (Folsom) det. Yoshii, USA (Massachusetts), 
Arlington 15. XI. 1950, leg. Bonet, on rain pools" (MNHG). 

Redescription: Body length 1-1 .3 mm. Color in alcohol grey to dark grey. Eye 
patches black, anal spines light. Granulation fine and uniform, with 14-22 granules 
between setae pj on abd. V. Dorsal chaetotaxy of B type, macrosetae p 2 on th. II-III set 
nearly in line with setae p 1? setae m 3 and m 4 on th. II usually présent, setae a 2 longer 
than a 3 , setae m 6 absent, setae pj and p 9 on abd. IV macro- and microsetae respectively, 
setae p 3 présent (Figs 1-2). Arrangement of setae on head typical for the genus. 
Differentiation of dorsal setae into micro- and macrosetae distinct. Setae long, pointed, 
slightly curved and serrated (Fig. 3). Body sensilla (s) p 4 on th. II-III and p 5 on abd. I 
short, about 1/3-1/2 of microsetae. Body sensilla on abd. II- V and latéral parts of th. 
II-III long, but shorter than macrosetae (Fig. 3). Microsensilla (ms) on th. II présent. 
Subcoxae I-III with 1, 2, 3 setae respectively. 

Ant. IV with simple apical vesicle, subapical organite (or), microsensillum 
(ms), 7 cylindrical sensilla (2 latéral and 5 dorsal), about 15-20 short curved flattened 
at tips sensilla in ventral file (Fig. 4). Ant. III-organ with two long (latéral) and two 
short (internai) curved sensilla. Microsensillum on ant. III présent. Eversible sac 
between ant. III-IV présent. Ant. I with 7 setae. 

Ocelli 8 + 8. Postantennal organ about twice as large as single ocellus, with four 
lobes of which the anterior pair larger than the posterior. Accessory boss présent 
(Fig. 5). 

Labrum with 5, 5, 4 setae and without apical papillae. 4 prelabrals présent. 
Labium and head of maxilla (Fig. 6) of the C. armata type. Outer lobe with 2 sublobal 
hairs. 

Tibiotarsi I, II, III with 19, 19, 18 setae respectively, tibiotarsal tenent hairs 
slightly longer than inner edge of claws and pointed. Claws with inner tooth and pair 
of indistinct latéral teeth. Empodial appendage with broad basai lamella and apical 
filament reaching inner tooth or slightly beyond (Fig. 9). 

Ventral tube with 4 + 4 setae. 

Furca well developed (Fig. 8). Dens/mucro ratio = ca. 2. Dens with 7 setae 
(2-4 inner modified). Mucro boat-like. Retinaculum with 4 + 4 teeth. 

Anal spines short, half as long as inner edge of claws III, situated on basai 
papillae (Figs 2, 7). 

Remarks: The species was originally described from the north-eastern part of 
the USA. Later it was recorded from several localities within the same région 
(Christiansen & Bellinger, 1980), from Alaska and Chukotka (Fjellberg, 1985) and 
Siberia (Babenko et al., 1994). Alaskan and East Palaearctic spécimens treated as 



CERA TOPHYSELLA LOBATA SP. N. FROM SIBERIA 



259 




Figs 1-9 

Ceratophysella brevisensillata Yosii. 1961. (1) Chaetotaxy of th. II. (2) Chaetotaxy of abd. 
III- VI. (3) From left to right: macroseta p 2 . microseta p t . sensilla m 7 , sensilla p 4 on th. II and 
sensilla p 5 on abd. I. (4) Sensilla in ventral file on ant. IV. (5) Postantennal organ. accessory boss 
and neighbour ocelli. (6) Head of maxilla. latéral vievv. (7) Anal spine. (8) Dens and mucro. (9) 
Claw I with empodial appendage. 



260 



A. BABENKO & D. SKARZYNSKI 



C. brevisensillata clearly differ from the above redescription of Yosii's types by having 
longer anal spines and coarser integument granulation. They could be considered as a 
separate species if their morphology was homogeneous within the area. Unfortunately 
it is not so and many important diagnostic characters vary in différent parts of the 
distributional range without forming clear geographical pattern. Thus, inner margin of 
claw III/anal spine ratio varies in Palaearctic spécimens from 1.8: 1 to 0.9: 1, being 
usually about 1:1. Yosii's "a" measure is usually 10-12, but the whole range is 9-16. 
Chaetom differentiation into macro and microsetae is strong in most Palaearctic 
régions but spécimens from Kemerovo Province and eastern Tuva are characterized by 
weak différences in seta length with a 2 on th. II almost as long as a] and a 3 . 
Intermediary conditions have been also seen. The single available spécimen from the 
Kyrgyz mountains has rather short but strong (almost spine-like) macrosetae. Alaskan 
and Chukotka spécimens have 2 sublobals on maxillary outer lobe and p 3 setae on abd. 
IV are usually absent. Populations from more western parts of Palaearctic differ by 
having only 1 sublobal hair and both p 2 and p 3 microsetae présent on abd. IV. 
Nevertheless, two sublobals have been also seen in populations from Buryatia, eastern 
Tuva, north-eastern Altai and Kyrgyzstan and spécimens without p 3 on one or both 
sides on abd. IV can be found within many studied populations. Just now we prefer to 
treat ail thèse forms as a single polymorphic species with a wide Siberian-American 
distributional range being sure that more work and material are needed to clear up their 
status. However the existing distributional gap (see Fig. 21) between east and west 
American populations raises some doubts that they are conspecific. 

Ceratophy sella lobata sp. n. Figs 10-20 

Hypogastrura {Ceratophy sella) brevisensillata: Fjellberg (1985): 37 
Hypogastrura (Ceratophysella) cf. brevisensillata: Babenko et al. (1994): 127 

Material examined: Holotype, female, Russia, Jakutia (Sakha Republic), Suntar- 
Khayata Mt. Range, upper current of Kyumyume River (63° 13'N 139° 32'E), 1,800 m a.s.l, 
willow bushes with lichen cover, 9.VII.2002, leg. O. Makarova (MPGU). - Paratypes, 12 fe- 
males, 1 1 maies on slides and many spécimens in alcohol, same data as holotype (MPGU, DBET 
and MNHG). 

Other material: Russia: 3 females, Ural Mts., Perm' Province, State nature reserve 
"Basegi", Srednii Baseg Mt. (58° 50'N 58° 40'E), alpine tundra, 23.VII.1990, leg. S. Esyunin 
(MPGU). - 2 females, same région but mixed forest with fern cover, 4. IX. 1990, leg. S. Esyunin 
(MPGU). - 13 females and 3 maies, Siberia, Putorana plateau, vicinity of Yt-KyueF lake (68° 
08'N 91° 50'E), 700-900 m a.s.l., nival désert, 28 VII- 13. VIII. 1996, leg. A. Babenko (MPGU). 
- 7 females and 1 maie, Siberia, Taimyr peninsula, upper current of Nizhnaya Agapa River 
(70° 06N 87° 25'E), tundra, 6.VII-5 VIII.1999, leg. A. Babenko (MPGU). - 2 females and 
1 maie, Chukotka, vicinity of El'gygytgyn Lake (67° 26' 172° 10'E), tundra, 20.VIII.1974, leg. 
E. Bondarenko (MPGU). - 10 spécimens, Chukotka, Aborigen, in fungi on dry ridge, 
29 VII. 1979, leg. A. Fjellberg (AF). - 9 spécimens, USA, Alaska, Brook Range, W of Atigun 
Camp, dry alpine meadow, c. 1600 m a.s.l., 19.VIII.1976, leg. A. Fjellberg (AF). - 7 spécimens, 
USA, Alaska,vicinity of Fairbanks, litter in aspen forest, 21 VII. 1980, leg. A. Fjellberg (AF). 

Description: Body length 1-1 .2 mm. Color in alcohol light to dark grey-brown. 
Eye patches black, anal spines light. Granulation fine and uniform, usually 12-15 gra- 
nules between setae on abd. V. Dorsal chaetotaxy of B type, macrosetae p 2 on th. 
II-III set nearly in line with setae p t , setae m 3 and m 4 on th. II usually présent, setae a 2 
slightly longer than a 3 , setae m 6 absent, setae pj and p 2 on abd. IV macro- and micro- 



CERATOPHY SELLA LOB ATA S P. N. FROM SIBKRIA 



261 




Figs 10-20 

Ceratophy sella lobata sp. n. (10) Chaetotaxy of th. II. (1 1) Chaetotaxy of abd. III- VI. (12) From 
left to right: macroseta p 2 , microseta p 1? sensilla m 7 , sensilla p 4 on th. II and sensilla p 5 on 
abd. I. (13) Postantennal organ, accessory boss and neighbour ocelli. (14) Sensilla in ventral 
file on ant. IV. (15), Chaetotaxy of ant. III-IV. (16) Head of maxilla. (17) Head of maxilla, 
latéral view. (18) Claw III with empodial appendage. (19) Anal spine. (20) Dens and mucro. 



262 



A. BABENKO & D. SKARZYNSKI 




FlG. 21 

Known distribution of C. lobata sp.n. (white dots) and C .brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 (black dots, 
American data according to Christiansen & Bellinger (1980)). Black & white dots in Alaska and 
Chukotka indicate uncertain records (data from Fjellberg (1985). 



setae respectively, setae p 3 absent (Figs 10-11). Arrangement of setae on head typical 
for the genus. Differentiation of dorsal setae into micro- and macrosetae not strong and 
more pronounced on last abdominal terga. Setae short, fine, pointed, slightly curved 
and serrated. Body sensilla p 4 on th. II-III and p 5 on abd. I usually equal to microsetae, 
thick and sometimes curved. Body sensilla (s) on abd. II- V and latéral parts of th. 
II-III about as long as macrosetae (Fig 12). Microsensilla (ms) on th. II présent. 
Subcoxae I-III with 1, 2, 3 setae respectively. 

Ant. IV with simple apical vesicle, subapical organite (or), microsensillum 
(ms), 5-7 (usually 7) cylindrical sensilla (2 latéral and 3-5 dorsal) (Fig. 15) and about 
15 short curved flattened at tips sensilla in ventral file (Fig. 14). Ant. Ill-organ with two 
long (latéral) and two short (internai) curved sensilla (Fig. 15). Microsensillum on ant. 
III présent. Eversible sac between ant. III-IV présent. Ant. I with 7 setae. 

Ocelli 8 + 8. Postantennal organ about twice as large as single ocellus, with four 
lobes of which the anterior pair larger than the posterior. Accessory boss présent 
(Fig. 13). 

Labrum with 5, 5, 4 setae and without apical papillae. 4 prelabrals présent. 
Labium of the C. armata type. Maxillary head with prolonged denticulate lobe on 
lamella 5 which only slightly shorter than lamella 4 (Figs 16-17). Outer lobe with 
2 sublobal hairs. 

Tibiotarsi I, II, III with 19, 19, 18 setae respectively, tibiotarsal tenent hairs 
nearly as long as inner edge of claws and usually pointed, sometimes truncate. Claws 
with inner tooth and pair of indistinct latéral teeth. Empodial appendage with broad 
basai lamella and apical filament reaching inner tooth or slightly beyond (Fig. 18). 

Ventral tube with 4 + 4 setae. 

Furca well developed. Dens/mucro ratio = ca. 2. Dens with 7 setae (2 inner 
modified). Mucro boat-like (Fig. 20). Retinaculum with 4 + 4 teeth. 

Anal spines equal to or slightly longer than inner edge of claws III, situated on 
basai papillae (Figs 11, 19). 

Variability: Siberian and available Alaskan material appears to be morpho- 
logically homogeneous throughout the distributional range. However Fjellberg (1985) 
mentioned that in Alaska "exact chaetotaxy and differentiation in macro/microchaetae 
is rather variable" and alpine spécimens from Brook Range "frequently have long, 



(VA 1 \ I < >I'H) S/7 1 \ I. OUATA SI'. V I R( )\1 SIBHRIA 



263 



hair-like p 5 sensilla on Abd.I". It may indicate the présence of the third separate form 
there apart from C. lobata sp. n. and C. brevisensillata s. 1. 

Etymology: The name reflects the most characteristic feature of the new 
species - the présence of an additional lobe on one of the maxillary lamellae. 

Distribution: The new species which seems to be a usual inhabitant of 
Subarctic Mountains was found in few remote Palaearctic régions from Ural to 
Chukotka and in Alaska (see map on Fig. 21 and material above). 

Affinities: A combination of four features, viz. a full number of ocelli, a 
chaetotaxy of B type, shortened dorsal sensilla on three first terga and maxillae with 
prolonged lobe on lamella 5, distinguishes C. lobata sp. n. from ail other known 
species of the ceratophysellan lineage. Thus, only C. brevisensillata and Boneto - 
gastrura nivalis (Martynova) are characterized by the same type of sensillar differen- 
tiation, but both have the usual armata-type of maxillae and longer dorsal setae which 
are more clearly differentiated into macro/microsetae. Apart from this, B. nivalis has 
only 4 + 4 ocelli and partly reduced chaetotaxy (m 3 always and m 4 usually absent on 
th. II-III, abd. I-III without m-setae as a rule and p 3 often absent on abd. I-IV). 

Shortened dorsal sensilla on thorax similar to those in C. lobata sp. n. are also 
characteristic of C. bengtssoni (Agren), C. microchaeta (Babenko) and B. variabilis 
(Christiansen) but maxillae of ail thèse species are modified differently with broadened 
lamella 1 and without prolonged lobe on lamella 5. 

The same type of maxillae as in C. lobata sp. n. is known only for C. sigillata 
(Uzel), C. sibirica Martynova and C. pseudarmata (Folsom) 1 . They can be easily 
distinguished from C. lobata sp. n. due to long dorsal sensilla on ail terga and clearly 
clavate tibiotarsal tenent hairs (pointed or truncate in C. lobata sp. n.). 

The new species runs in the most récent key to the Palaearctic Ceratophysella species 
(Thibaud et al., 2004) to couplet 1 1 which needs to be modified as follows: 

11 Sensillum p 5 on abd. I small, spine-like; micro- and macrosetae clearly 

differentiated 1 1 * 

Sensillum p 5 on abd. I long, hair like; micro- and macrosetae weakly . . 
differentiated microchaeta (Babenko, 1994) 

1 1 * Maxillary head of the armata type without prolonged lobe on lamella 5 

brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 

Maxillary head with prolonged denticulate lobe on lamella 5 (Figs 16-17) 
lobata sp. n. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

We would like to express our sincère thanks to Peter Schwendinger (Muséum 
of Natural History Geneva) and Arne Fjellberg (Tjôme, Norway) for the loan of the 
material. 



1 According to Babenko et al. (1994) a spécifie status of thèse three species needs further confir- 
mation. 



264 A. BABENKO & D. SKARZYNSKI 



REFERENCES 

Babenko, A. B., Chernova, N. M., Potapov, M. B. & Stebaeva, S. K. 1994. Collembola of 

Russia and adjacent countries: Family Hypogastruridae. Nauka, Moscow, 336 pp. 
Bellinger. P.. Christiansen, K. A. & Janssens, F. 2010. Checklist of the Collembola of the 

World. Available from: http://www.collembola.org (date of access: 29.IX.2010). 
Christiansen, K. & Bellinger, P. 1980. The Collembola of North America north of the Rio 

Grande. Grinnell Collège, Grinnell, Iowa, 1312 pp. 
Fjellberg, A. 1984. Maxillary structures in Hypogastruridae (Collembola). Annales de la 

Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique 114: 89-99. 
Fjellberg, A. 1985. Arctic Collembola. L. The collembolan fauna of Alaska: Families Podu- 

ridae, Hypogastruridae, Odontellidae, Brachystomellidae and Neanuridae. Entomologica 

Scandinavica Supplément 21: 1-126. 
Fjellberg, A. 1999. The Labial Palp in Collembola. Zoologischer Anzeiger 237: 309-330. 
Thibaud, J. -M., Schulz H.-J., Gama, M. M. da 2004. Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola. 

Hypogastruridae. Vol. 4. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Gôrlitz 

75(2): 1-287. 

Yosn, R. 1960. Studies on the Collembolan Genus Hypogastrura. The American Midland 

Naturalist 64(2): 257-281. 
Yosn, R. 1961 . Further Remarks on the Collembolan Genus Hypogastrura with Description of 

a New Genus. The American Midland Naturalist 66(1): 250-251. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 265-292; juin 2011 



Taxonomie et répartition des chiroptères de Tunisie 

Ridha DALHOUMI 1 , Patricia AISS A 1 & Stéphane AULAGNIER 2 

1 Laboratoire de Biosurveillance de l'Environnement, Faculté des sciences de Bizerte, 

7021 Zarzouna (Tunisie) 
2 Comportement et Ecologie de la Faune Sauvage, I.N.R.A., B.P. 52627, 

31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex (France) 
Courriels : dalhoumi_ridha@yahoo.com; Stephane.Aulagnier@toulouse.inra.fr 

Taxonomie et répartition des chiroptères de Tunisie. - A partir d'une 
compilation des données publiées, y compris dans la littérature grise, le 
présent travail fournit une liste actualisée des 19 espèces de Chiroptères 
inventoriées en Tunisie ainsi que des cartes précises de leur répartition géo- 
graphique. Avec six genres et dix espèces la famille des Vespertilionidae est 
la plus diversifiée devant les Rhinolophidae (un genre, cinq espèces). 
Hipposideridae, Rhinopomatidae, Molossidae et Miniopteridae sont 
représentés chacune par une seule espèce. Certaines espèces sont très large- 
ment distribuées (espèces méditerranéennes), d'autres sont seulement 
présentes dans le nord du pays (espèces paléarctiques), d'autres enfin sont 
inféodées aux zones désertiques du sud (espèces saharo-sindiennes). Trois 
espèces classées vulnérables et cinq espèces classées quasi-menacées sur la 
liste rouge de l'U.I.C.N. devraient bénéficier de mesures de conservation. 

Mots clés: Chauves-souris - inventaire - répartition - biogéographie - 
conservation - Tunisie 



Taxonomie status and distribution of Tunisian bats. - An extensive 
review of the published and unpublished literature resulted in an updated list 
of 19 bat species for Tunisia. Provisional distribution was mapped for ail of 
them. The family Vespertilionidae (six gênera, ten species) is the most 
diversified, beyond Rhinolophidae (one genus, five species). Only one 
species each of Hipposideridae, Rhinopomatidae, Molossidae and 
Miniopteridae have been recorded so far. Some species are widely distri - 
buted over the country (mediterranean species), when others are restricted 
to the northern part (palaearctic species) and some are only distributed in the 
southern désert areas (saharo-sindian species). Three species are classified 
as vulnérable and five species are classified as near threatened according to 
the I.U.C.N. redlist; they should benefit conservation measures. 

Keywords: Chiroptera - taxonomy - distribution - biogeography - conser- 
vation - Tunisia 



Manuscrit accepté le 02.12.2010 



266 



R. DALHOUMI EJ AL. 



INTRODUCTION 

En Tunisie, les Chiroptères constituent sans aucun doute l'un des ordres de 
Mammifères terrestres les plus méconnus du grand public. Ceci semble lié en partie à 
l'absence de prospections récentes mais également au mode de vie nocturne des 
chauves-souris et à la crainte superstitieuse qu'elles inspirent encore. Pourtant, les pre- 
mières notes sur les Chiroptères tunisiens remontent au XIXème siècle. Le premier, 
Hartmann (1868) signale la présence de deux espèces, Rhinolophus Ferrum-equinum 
et Miniopterus Schreibersii (sic), puis Fitzinger (1870) en rapporte une troisième, 
Vesperugo marginatus (= Pipistrellus kuhlii), sans préciser de localisations. Huit ans 
plus tard. Dobson (1878) recense une nouvelle espèce en provenance de "Tunis" : 
Vesperîilio murinus (= Myoîis punicits). En 1885, Lataste rajoute Phyllorhina Tridens 
(= Asellia tridens) et Vesperugo isabellinus (= Epîesicus isabellinus) . Il précise la 
répartition des cinq espèces inventoriées dans son catalogue critique des mammifères 
apélagiques sauvages de la Tunisie publié en 1887. Par la suite, Anderson (1892) 
complète la liste avec Plecotus auritus (= Plecotus gaislerï). 

Au début du XXème siècle, Andersen & Matschie (1904), Gadeau de Kerville 
(1908) et Olivier (1909) rapportent, entre autres, la présence de trois espèces supplé- 
mentaires: Euryale barbarus (= Rhinolophus euryale), Rhinolophus hipposideros et 
Rhinopoma microphyllum (= Rhinopoma cy stops). Dans les années trente, la synthèse 
de Blanc (1935) sur les Mammifères de Tunisie, l'analyse biogéographique d'Heim de 
Balsac (1936) et la clef dichotomique des Chéiroptères de la Barbarie (Laurent, 1937) 
ne mentionnent aucune nouvelle espèce de Chiroptères. 

Les prospections de Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) dans plusieurs sites du nord 
tunisien donnent lieu à une synthèse rapidement dépassée par la découverte 
d'Otonycteris Hemprichi (sic) près de Redeyef (Deleuil. 1957). Un an plus tard, 
Kahmann (1958) signale pour la première fois en Tunisie Rhinolophus mehelyi. Lors 
de leur parcours spéléologique réalisé en octobre 1967 dans les grottes des chauves- 
souris, du Cheval et de Kef El Agab. Aellen & Strinati (1969) fournissent la première 
liste des Chiroptères cavernicoles de Tunisie; leur inventaire décrit la répartition des 13 
espèces précédemment identifiées (dont Vespertilio pipistrellus (= Pipistrellus pipi- 
strellus) rapportée de Djerba par Galli-Valerio en 1911 à la suite d'une probable erreur 
d'identification) et d'une espèce nouvelle pour le pays: Rhinolophus blasii. 

Avec l'expédition de la Smithsonian Institution (1972-1975), Cockrum (1976a) 
complète l'inventaire des chauves-souris tunisiennes avec quatre espèces: Myotis ca- 
paccinii. M. emarginatus , Pipistrellus pipistrellus et Pipistrellus savii (= Hypsugo 
savii) et fournit quelques nouvelles localisations pour les espèces déjà connues. Enfin, 
en 1981 Beaucournu et al. rapportent la première observation de Tadarida teniotis, 
dont la première capture en 1963 n'a été rapportée que plus tard par Kock & Nader 
(1984). 

Depuis lors, contrairement aux autres pays du Maghreb, la Tunisie n'a pas été 
prospectée extensivement. toutefois plusieurs travaux récents rapportent des données 
locales (e.g. Zava & Masseti, 2007; Hizem & Allegrini, 2009). Toutefois le travail le 
plus complet est la thèse de Gharaibeh (1997) qui fournit une liste de 18 espèces 
accompagnée de cartes de répartition, mais sans analyse critique de la systématique et 
des données publiées. Une dix-neuvième espèce, Pipistrellus rueppellii, est connue par 



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un spécimen des collections du Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Muséum 
Alexander Koenig de Bonn (ZFMK) (Van Cakenberghe & Seamark, 2006). 

Le présent travail de compilation bibliographique propose une actualisation 
critique de l'inventaire des six familles de chauves-souris recensées en Tunisie et la 
cartographie de leur distribution à partir d'une analyse bibliographique plus appro- 
fondie. 

RESULTATS 

Rhinolophidae 

Rhinolophus blasii Peters, 1866 

Rhinolophus blasii blasii. - Aellen & Strinati, 1969 

Rhinolophus blasii. - Wiersema & Vreugdenhil, 1975 

Le Rhinolophe de Blasius a été recensé uniquement dans trois sites cavernicoles 
de la Tunisie. Ainsi, un mâle a été trouvé par Aellen & Strinati (1970) dans la grotte 
des Chauves-souris d'El Haouaria le 3 octobre 1967 (Fig. 1). Cockrum (1976a) a 
signalé cette espèce dans la mine du Djebel Ressas et dans la mine du Djebel 
Zaghouan. Enfin, Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) ont publié les mensurations de deux spé- 
cimens de rhinolophes appartenant très probablement à cette espèce (cf. R. euryale) 
provenant de la grotte des chauves-souris d'El Haouaria (Cap Bon) et d'une grotte 
profonde entre Testour et El Aroussa. 

Rhinolophus euryale Blasius, 1853 

Euryale barbants. - Andersen & Matschie, 1904 
Rhinolophus euryale barbarus. - Andersen, 1905 
Rhinolophus euryali. - Trouessart, 1906 
Rhinolophus euryale. - Gadeau de Kerville, 1908 
Rhinolophus euriale. - Karaman, 1939 
Rhinolophus (?) euryale. - Aellen & Strinati, 1970 

Le Rhinolophe euryale est assez difficilement identifiable des deux autres 
espèces de taille moyenne, au point que Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) ont décrit la sous- 
espèce tuneti d'après un Rhinolophus mehelyi (photographie et mesures du type) et 
deux R. blasii (mesures des paratypes). Dans la grotte des chauves-souris d'El Haouaria 
successivement Kahmann (1958), Aellen & Strinati (1969. 1970) et Cockrum 
(1976a, b) n'ont observé que des rhinolophes de Méhely. Aussi les données rapportées 
pour R. euryale doivent être reprises avec prudence. 

Le Rhinolophe euryale a été rapporté pour la première fois par Andersen & 
Matschie (1904) dans une grotte près de Tebourba (Fig. 1) le 12 mars 1898 (le second 
auteur étant le descripteur de R. mehelyi). Aellen & Strinati (1970) attribuent à cette 
espèce deux radius collectés dans la grotte du Cheval du Djebel Zaghouan le 5 octobre 
1967. Cockrum (1976a) a collecté huit spécimens dans la mine de kohl, à 5km au nord- 
est d'Ain Draham. 

Parmi les données à confirmer, Gadeau de Kerville (1908) a trouvé un essaim 
de 96 mâles et de 26 femelles dans la grotte de Djebel Gloub le 18 mai 1906 (donnée 
publiée aussi par Trouessart, 1906). Blanc (1935), qui n'a pas observé R. mehelyi, 
rapporte R. euryale d'une grotte du Djebel Ichkeul, près de Mateur et d'une carrière de 
pierres située à l'est de Gafsa. Deux spécimens de cette dernière provenance sont 



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déposés dans les collections du Muséum fur Naturkunde Berlin (ZMB), ainsi qu'un 
individu provenant d'El Hamma de Gabès. Enfin, une femelle a été capturée dans le 
grenier d'une maison du Parc National d'El Feidja (Zava & Masseti, 2007). 

Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Schreber, 1774) 

Rhinolophus Ferrum-equinum. - Hartmann, 1868 
Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum. - Trouessart, 1905 
Rhinolophus ferrum equinum. - Blanc, 1935 
Rhinolophus ferrum equinum obscurus. - Laurent, 1937 
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ferrumequinum. - Aellen & Strinati, 1969 
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum. - Baker et al., 1974 

Le Grand rhinolophe a été signalé dans une quinzaine de sites de Tunisie 
(Fig. 2), mines, caves et grottes, mais aussi bâtiments. Du nord au sud cette espèce a 
été observée à El Haouaria (Naturhistorisches Muséum Wien - NMW), dans une pelote 
de Chouette effraie (Tyto alba) collectée entre El Haouaria et Sidi Daoud (Heim de 
Balsac et al., 1954), dans une mine abandonnée du Djebel Bou Kornine (Deleuil & 
Labbe, 1955a), dans une mine du Djebel Ressas (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a; Cockrum, 
1976a; Noblet & Nefzi, 1991), dans une grotte du Djebel Oust (Cockrum, 1976a) où 
Gharaibeh (1997) a observé le 29 juillet 1996 des femelles allaitantes et des juvéniles, 
dans la grotte du Cheval du Djebel Zaghouan (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a; Aellen & 
Strinati, 1969), mais aussi la grotte du poste d'observation (Cockrum, 1976a) et dans 
la mine abandonnée de kohl au nord-est d'Ain Draham(Cockrum, 1976a). 

Une colonie de 80 individus a été trouvée dans une bâtisse du Parc National 
d'El Feidja, ainsi qu'une femelle isolée dans un entrepôt (Zava & Masseti, 2007). Une 
galerie de mine à El Akhouat hébergeait deux femelles le 23 décembre 1954 (Deleuil 
& Labbe, 1955a), la mine abandonnée de Scarna (Djebel Barbrou) abritait plusieurs 
individus dont un juvénile mâle le 26 juillet 1996 (Gharaibeh, 1997) là où dix spé- 
cimens avaient auparavant été collectés par Cockrum (1976a). 

Plus au sud, R. ferrumequinum a été également signalé à Feriana (Lataste, 
1885), au sud de Redeyef sur la route en direction d'Ain Ameur (Cockrum, 1976a) et 
dans une grotte au nord-ouest de Toujane (Baker et al., 1974). Enfin, R. ferrumequinum 
a été collecté à Foum Tataouine, dans le tunnel sous la montagne située au sud de 
Tataouine (Baker et al., 1974), ainsi que dans les fortifications de la ville (Cockrum, 
1976a). 

Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800) 

Rhinolophus hipposideros. - Gadeau de Kerville, 1908 
Rhinolophus hipposideros minimus. - Laurent, 1937 
Rhinolophus hipposideros escalerae. - Cockrum, 1976a 

Apparemment plus rare, le Petit rhinolophe a été surtout rapporté dans 
l'extrême nord tunisien (Fig. 3). Ainsi, l'espèce a été recensée dans le Parc National 
d'Ichkeul les 30-31 décembre 1991 (Noblet & Nefzi, 1991), dans une forêt claire de 
pins à Nefza le 10 septembre 2004 (Rebelo & Brito, 2006), près d'Ain Draham dans 
un tombeau antique appelé grotte de Kaloi (Gadeau de Kerville, 1908) et dans la grotte 
des chauves-souris d'El Haouaria (Heim de Balsac et al., 1954). Au Djebel Zaghouan, 
ce rhinolophe été observé dans une grotte au niveau du poste d'observation: quatre 



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Fig. 1: Carte des observations de Rhinolophus blasii (•) et de Rhinolophus euryale (■) en 
Tunisie. 

1: Djebel Ichkeul, 2: Mateur, 3: Tebourba, 4: Ain Draham, 5: Djebel Gloub, 6: El Feidja, 7: 
Testour, 8: Djebel Zaghouan (mine), 9: Djebel Zaghouan (grotte du Cheval), 10: Djebel Ressas 
(mine), 11: El Haouaria (grotte des chauves-souris), 12: Gafsa ^arrière), 13 : £j Hamma de 
Gabès. 

Fig. 2: Carte des observations de Rhinolophus ferrumequinum en Tunisie 
1: El Haouaria, 2: Sidi Daoud, 3: Djebel Bou Kornine, 4: Djebel Ressas (mine), 5: Djebel Oust, 
6: Djebel Zaghouan (grotte du Cheval, grotte du poste d'observation), 7: Aïn Draham, 8: El 
Feidja, 9: El Akhouat, 10: Djebel Barbrou, 11: Feriana, 12: Redeyef (mine), 13: Toujane, 14: 
Tataouine, 15: Foum Tataouine. 

mâles le 13 février 1955 (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a) et 13 le 30 avril 1975 (Cockrum, 
1976a). Dans le centre tunisien, trois femelles ont été collectées dans des catacombes 
à Sousse (Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris - MNHN) et Blanc (1935) 
rapporte l'espèce des anfractuosités de rocher dans les montagnes près de Kasserine. 

Rhinolophus mehelyi Matschie, 1901 

Rhinolophus euryale tuneti. - Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a 
Rhinolophus mehelyi. - Kahmann, 1958 
Rhinolophus mehelyi tuneti. - Cockrum, 1976b 

La présence en Tunisie du Rhinolophe de Méhely est rapportée pour la première 
fois par Kahmann (1958) qui l'a trouvé avec Miniopterus schreibersii et Myotis 



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R. DALHOL'MI ETAL. 



punicus dans la grotte des chauves-souris à El Haouaria (Fig. 4) le 23 octobre 1957. 
Dans cette même grotte, Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) ont décrit R. mehelyi tuneti, Aellen 
& Strinati (1970) y ont observé un essaim contenant plusieurs centaines de R. mehelyi 
le 3 octobre 1967, 500 à 600 en 1971 selon Vesmanis (1976), et Cockrum (1976a) y a 
prélevé 17 spécimens. Ce rhinolophe a été observé à proximité dans les grottes 
romaines (Baker et al., 1974), à 2 km au nord d'El Haouaria (Cockrum, 1976a), à 
Djebel Sidi Abiod (NMW) et dans au moins deux sites du Cap Bon près d'El Ouidane 
(11 km à l'ouest sur MC 27) et dans la mine de charbon abandonnée (Cockrum, 1976a), 
dont très certainement la station mentionnée par Felten et al. (1977). Gharaibeh (1997) 
l'a aussi trouvé dans la carrière de sable de Menzel Témime. 

Un autre groupe de données provient du sud de Tunis: mines Entouna, du 
Djebel Ressas et du Djebel Zaghouan, avec l'observation insolite d'un individu sur la 
calandre d'une voiture entre Zaghouan et Khereddine (Cockrum, 1976a). En 1958. C.J. 
Marinkelle a collecté un spécimen de Tunis et trois autres de Nabeul (The Field 
Muséum Chicago - FMNH). Plus au nord, le Rhinolophe de Méhely a aussi été observé 
dans une grotte et une mine du Djebel Ichkeul (Kahmann, 1958; Cockrum, 1976a), 
dans la mine près du cimetière de Ras Rajel (Cockrum. 1976a) et dans la grotte de 
Djebel Gloub (MNHN). Zava & Masseti (2005) ont trouvé une colonie de 30 individus 
dans le Parc National d'El Feidja (Kef en Negcha) le 31 mai 2000, avec capture d'un 
mâle et d'une femelle. Outre une première mention dans ce parc national, Gharaibeh 
( 1997) rajoute deux localités: Ghar Kraiz et Damous Saïd (Djebel Serdj). 

Enfin, le Rhinolophe de Méhely a été noté dans le Parc National de Bou Hedma 
(GOPA - DGF, 2005) et dans une grotte du Djebel Orbata (Kahmann, 1958). 

HlPPOSIDERIDAE 

Asellia tridens (E. Geoffroy, 1813) 
Phyllorhina Tridens. - Lataste, 1885 
Hipposiderus tridens. - Trouessart. 1905 
Asellia tridens diluta. - Laurent. 1937 
Asellia tridens. - Kock. 1969 

Faute de prospections dans les régions les plus sahariennes, le Trident du désert 
a été recensé essentiellement au voisinage du Chott Djerid (Fig. 3). Au nord de ce 
chott. l'espèce a été rencontrée à Redeyef (Lataste, 1885), dans une mine abandonnée 
à 4 km au sud de Redeyef et dans la mine de phosphate abandonnée de M'dhila 
(Cockrum. 1976a). Cette espèce a été aussi inventoriée à El Hamma de Tozeur (= El 
Hamma de Djerid) par Kock (1969), Baker et al. (1974), Vesmanis (1976) et Benda et 
al. (2006) et à Tozeur même, dans un aqueduc abandonné, par Kock (1969) et Cockrum 
(1976a). 

À l'est du Chott Djerid, Asellia tridens a été observée dans les constructions 
romaines (sources chaudes) d'El Hamma de Gabès (Lataste. 1885). inopportunément 
rapporté à Gabès par Heim de Balsac (1936) et Laurent (1937). Au sud-est enfin, deux 
spécimens ont été collectés à Djerba (MNHN) et un autre à Zarsis (Cockrum. 1976a). 

Rhinopomatidae 

Rhinopoma cy stops Thomas. 1903 
Rhinopoma microphyllum. - Olivier. 1909 
Rhinopoma cystops arahium. - Laurent. 1941a 



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Fig. 3: Carte des observations de Rhinolophus hipposideros (•) et d'Asellia tridens (■) en 
Tunisie. 

1: Ichkeul, 2: Nefza, 3: Aïn Draham (grotte de Kaloi).4: El Haouaria (grotte des chauves-souris). 
5: Djebel Zaghouan (grotte du poste d'observation). 6: Sousse. 7; Kasserine. 8: M'dhila, 
9: Redeyef, 10: El Hamma de Tozeur (palmeraie STIL, aqueduc), 11: Tozeur, 12: El Hamma de 
Gabès. 13: Djerba. 14: Zarzis. 

Fig. 4: Carte des observations de Rhinolophus mehelyi en Tunisie. 

I: El Haouaria (grotte des chauves-souris, grottes romaines. 2 km N, Djebel Sidi Abiod), 2: El 
Ouidane, 3: Menzel Temime, 4: Nabeul, 5: Djebel Zaghouan (mine), 6: Djebel Ressas (mine), 
7: Entouna, 8: Tunis 9: Djebel Ichkeul. 10: Ras Rajel, 11: Djebel Gloub, 12: Kef en Negcha. 
13: Ghar Kraiz, 14: Djebel Serdj, 15: Bou Hedma, 16: Djebel Orbata. 

Rhinopoma cystops. - Rode, 1947 

Rhinopoma hardwickei cystops. - Aellen & Strinati. 1969 
Rhinopoma hardwickei. - Hayman & Hill, 1971 
Rhinopoma hardwickei arabium. - Hill, 1977 
Rhinopoma hardwickii. - Dietz et al., 2007 
Rhinopoma hardwicki. - Hizem & Allegrini, 2009 

Seul représentant à ce jour de la famille des Rhinopomatidae en Tunisie, 
Rhinopoma cystops a récemment été élevé au rang spécifique (Hulva et al., 2007) et 
par conséquent individualisé par rapport à R. hardwickii, l'espèce asiatique. 

Le Petit rhinopome est un hôte des zones arides de Tunisie, recensé parti - 
culièrement au nord du Chott Djerid (Fig. 5), mais aussi dans le Parc National de Bou 



272 



R. DALHOUMI ET AL. 



Hedma (GOPA - DGF, 2005). Rapporté de Redeyef (Olivier, 1909), entre Redeyef et 
Metlaoui (Laurent, 1941a; b), Gharaibeh (1997) a capturé deux femelles gravides dans 
la Réserve de Dghomous le 26 mai 1996. Le 9 juin 2002, De Smet (in litt) a observé 
entre 100 et 200 individus dans une grotte du Djebel Morra dans le Parc National de 
Dghoumes. 

MOLOSSIDAE 

Tadarida teniotis (Rafinesque, 1814) 

Tadarida teniotis. - Beaucournu et al,. 1983 
Tadarida taeniotis. - Chastel et al,. 1983 
Tadarida teniotis teniotis. - Kock & Nader, 1983 

Seul représentant de la famille des Molossidae observé en Tunisie, le Molosse 
de Cestoni n'a été signalé que de quatre sites (Fig. 5). Du nord au sud, ses émissions 
sonores et ultrasonores ont été enregistrées au Cap Serrât le 9 septembre 2004 (Rebelo 
& Brito, 2006). Dans le Parc National de Bou Hedma, un mâle et une femelle ont été 
capturés entre le 14 et le 20 septembre 2006 (Hizem, 2007) et trois spécimens ont été 
identifiés dans les pelotes des rapaces (Hizem & Allegrini, 2009). Dans la région des 
chotts et notamment dans la gorge de Seldja, cette espèce a été recensée par Kock & 
Nader (1984). Mais la première observation provient d'une profonde fissure verticale 
d'une falaise à Ksar Haddada (Beaucournu et al., 1981; 1983). Des observations en vol 
à Tamerza, près de la frontière algérienne, restent à confirmer (Beaucournu et al., 
1983). 

MlNIOPTERIDAE 

Miniopterus schreibersii (Kuhl, 1817) 

Miniopterus Schreibersii. - Hartmann, 1868 
Miniopterus Schreibersi. - Blanc, 1935 
Miniopterus schreibersii. - Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a 
Miniopterus schreibersi schreibersi. - Aellen & Strinati, 1969 
Miniopterus schreibersi. - Baker et al., 1974 

Le Minioptère de Schreibers, récemment attribué à la famille des Miniopteridae, 
est très largement répandu en Tunisie, de l'extrême nord jusqu'à la région des chotts 
(Fig. 6). Rapporté dès 1868 par Hartmann, il a fait l'objet de nombreuses collectes par 
l'expédition de la Smithsonian Institution (Cockrum, 1976a) alors qu'il n'était connu 
que de huit localités. Blanc (1935) a listé la grotte de Tebourba (12 spécimens au 
ZMB), le Djebel Ichkeul (où il a été retrouvé par Noblet & Nefzi, 1991) et une grotte 
à Gafsa. Puis Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) l'ont observé dans la grotte des chauves-souris 
d'El Haouaria (où la colonie a été revue par Aellen & Strinati (1970) le 3 octobre 1967, 
puis par Cockrum (1976a) avec 9 spécimens collectés) et les ruines d'Utique, et l'ont 
reçu de la région de Ghardimaou, de Bulla Regia, de Souk el Arba (ville de Jendouba). 

Cockrum (1976a) l'a aussi collecté dans la mine près du cimetière de Ras Rajel, 
dans la mine de kohl abandonnée près d'Ain Draham, dans la carrière de Chemtou (à 
l'ouest de Jendouba), au Djebel Zaghouan (grotte du poste d'observation, bassins 
d'irrigation à 4 km et à 6 km à l'ouest de ce poste, mines à 3 km au sud-est), au Djebel 
Ressas, dans la mine Entouna, au Djebel Barbrou (mine Scarna), au voisinage du 



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FlG. 5: Carte des observations de Rhinopoma cy stops (•) et de Tadarida teniotis (■) en Tunisie, 
i: Cap Serrât, 2: Bou Hedma, 3: Redeyef, 4: Gorge de Seldja, 5: Metlaoui - Redeyef, 6: 
Dghoumes, 7: Djebel Morra, 8: Ksar Haddada 

Fig. 6 : Carte des observations de Miniopterus schreibersii en Tunisie. 

1: Utique (ruines), 2: Tebourba, 3: Ichkeul, 4: Ras Rajel, 5: Aïn Draham, 6: El Feidja, 7: 
Ghardimaou, 8: Chemtou (carrière), 9: Bulla Regia, 10: Souk el Arba, 11: Ghar Kraiz, 12: Djebel 
Zaghouan (grotte du poste d'observation, bassin d'irrigation, mine, 6 km O), 13: Nabeul, 14: 
Djebel Ressas (mine), 15: Entouna, 16: El Haouaria (grotte des chauves-souris), 17: Aïn Dhab, 
18: Djebel Barbrou, 19: El Hamrouni, 20: Bou Hedma (parc, bordj), 21: Gafsa, 22: Redeyef 
(mine). 

Ressas, dans la mine Entouna, au Djebel Barbrou (mine Scarna), au voisinage du 
bassin d'El Hamrouni et dans une mine située à l'ouest de Redeyef sur la route d' Aioun 
Ameur. En 1958, C.J. Marinkelle a prélevé un spécimen à Nabeul (FMNH). 

Gharaibeh (1997) a rajouté Ghar Kraiz et Aïn Dhab, avant les observations plus 
récentes dans le Parc National d'El Feidja (Dhouib, 1998) et le Parc National de Bou 
Hedma (Moldrzyk, 2003) où il a été capturé entre le 10 et le 13 mai 2008 devant le 
Borj (Hizem & Allegrini, 2009). 

Vespertilionidae 

Eptesicus isabellinus (Temminck, 1840) 
Vesperugo isabellinus. - Lataste, 1885 
Vespertilio serotinus isabellinus. - Trouessart, 1905 
Eptesicus isabellinus. - Laurent, 1937 



274 



R. DALHOUMI ET AL. 



Récemment élevée au rang d'espèce (Ibanez et al., 2006; Mayer et al., 2007; 
Juste et al., 2009), la Sérotine isabelle, seule sérotine d'Afrique du Nord, est une espèce 
assez commune pour la Tunisie, mais peu cavernicole elle a échappé aux prospections 
anciennes (Fig. 7). Par exemple Cockrum (1976a) rapporte la collecte de spécimens 
dans trois localités (contre 13 pour Miniopterus schreibersii) par capture au filet 
uniquement. 

Au nord du pays, elle a été trouvée à Tunis (Lataste, 1885) puis capturée à 
l'entrée d'une galerie de mine du Djebel Ressas le 23 août 1974 (Vaughan et al., 1977), 
et au-dessus d'un bassin au Djebel Zaghouan le 26 avril 1975 (Cockrum, 1976a), 
donnée ensuite attribuée à la mine située au sud-est de Zaghouan, mais confirmée au 
niveau du bassin par Gharaibeh (1997) après consultation des spécimens conservés au 
Texas. Ce dernier rajoute une capture au-dessus d'un bassin d'irrigation du Djebel 
Ressas. 

Au centre, l'espèce a été capturée au voisinage du bassin d'El Hamrouni 
(Cockrum, 1976a), à Sidi Bouzid (MNHN) et dans le Parc National de Bou Hedma. 
Ainsi, un spécimen a été capturé au filet en mai 1996 dans un bosquet d'Eucalyptus 
irrigué par la seguia (Gharaibeh, 1997), quatre mâles et six femelles en septembre 
2006, puis trente cinq individus entre le 10 et le 13 mai 2008, devant le Bordj de Bou 
Hedma (Hizem, 2007; Hizem & Allegrini, 2009). Eptesicus isabellinus a également été 
inventorié à 4 km au sud de Redeyef (Cockrum, 1976a), à Tozeur (Djerid, Deleuil & 
Labbe, 1955a) et à Gabès (ZMB). 

Au sud, l'espèce a été signalée à Foum Tataouine par Baker et al. (1974) qui ont 
étudié quatre des six femelles allaitantes capturées le 5 juin 1973 (Cockrum, 1976a). 

Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817) 

Vesperugo marginatus. - Fitzinger, 1870 
Vesperugo Kuhlii. - Dobson, 1878 
Vesperugo Kuhli. - Lataste, 1885 
Vespertilio Kuhli. - Trouessart, 1905 
Vespertilio pipistrellus. - Galli-Valerio, 1911 
Pipistrellus Kuhli Kuhli. - Laurent, 1937 
Pipistrellus Kuhli albolimbatus . - Laurent, 1937 
Pipistrellus kuhlii kuhlii. - Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a 
Pipistrellus kuhlii albolimbatus. - Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a 
Pipistrellus Kuhli. - Deleuil & Labbe, 1955b 
Pipistrellus kuhli. - Aellen & Strinati, 1969 
Pipistrellus kuhlii. - Hayman & Hill, 1971 
Pipistrellus kuhli kuhli. - Cockrum, 1976a 
Pipistrellus kuhli. - Beaucournu et al,. 1981 
Pipistrellus (Pipistrellus) kuhlii. - Kock, 2001 

La Pipistrelle de Kuhl est sans doute la chauve-souris la plus commune en 
Tunisie où elle est largement répandue dans le nord et le centre (Fig. 8). Elle a le plus 
souvent été capturée en sortie de gîte, sous les toits ou dans des fentes de bâtiments, ou 
en vol au-dessus de plans d'eau. 

Dans l'extrême nord tunisien, l'espèce a été trouvée dans l'île de la Galite 
(Vesmanis, 1972), entendue à Nefza (au-dessus de la route dans une forêt dense de pins 
et dans une forêt claire sur une dune fossile) et au Cap Serrât (Rebelo in litt.), dans le 



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Fig. 7: Carte des observations â'Eptesicus isabellinus en Tunisie. 

1: Tunis, 2: Djebel Ressas (bassin, mine), 3: Djebel Zaghouan (bassin), 4: El Hamrouni, 5: Sidi 
Bouzid, 6: Bou Hedma (parc, bordj), 7: Redeyef (mine), 8: Tozeur, 9: Gabès, 10: Foum 
Tataouine. 

Fig. 8: Carte des observations de Pipistrellus kuhlii en Tunisie. 

1: Galite, 2: Nefza, 3: Cap Serrât, 4: Ichkeul, 5: Oued Medjerda, 6: Carthage (ruines, port 
punique), 7: Tunis, Sidi Mansour, Khereddine, Dubosville, Megrine, 8: Oudna, 9: Djebel Ressas 
(bassin), 10: Mornag, 11: Grombalia, 12: Sidi Daoud, 13: El Haouaria, 14: Oued Lebna, 
15: Hammamet, 16: Enfidaville, 17: Oued Zriba, 18: Djebel Zaghouan (temple des eaux), 
19: Massicault, 20: El Bathan, 21 : El Hamaïn, 22: Beja, 23: Ain Jammalah, 24: Bulla Regia, 25: 
Chemtou (théâtre romain), 26: Hammam-sousse, 27: Sousse, 28: Kairouan, 29: El Hamrouni, 30: 
Gamouda, 31 : Thyna, 32: Bou Hedma (parc, bordj). 33: Gafsa, 34: Bled Douarah,35: Moularès, 
36: Redeyef, 37: Tamerza, 38: Tozeur, 39: Nefta, 40: Kebili, 41 : Douz, 42: El Hamma de Gabès, 
43: Gabès, 44: Adjim, 45: Djerba, 46: Zarzis, 47: Ksar Haddada, 48: Tataouine, 49: Foum 
Tataouine, 50: Douirat, 51: Ghomrassen. 

Dans l'extrême nord tunisien, l'espèce a été trouvée dans l'île de la Galite 
(Vesmanis, 1972), entendue à Nefza (au-dessus de la route dans une forêt dense de pins 
et dans une forêt claire sur une dune fossile) et au Cap Serrât (Rebelo in lift.), dans le 
Parc National de l' Ichkeul (Noblet & Nefzi, 1991) et à l'embouchure de l'Oued 
Medjerda (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a). 

Dans la région de Tunis, cette espèce a été collectée au port punique de 
Carthage (Vesmanis, 1972; Cockrum, 1976a), dans la ville de Tunis (Dobson, 1878; 



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Au sud de Tunis, elle a été citée dans la plaine de Mornag (Deleuil & Labbe, 
1955a), à 1 km au sud-est de la station Oudna, près d'un bassin d'irrigation du Djebel 
Ressas et dans un bâtiment situé à 10 km à l'ouest de Grombalia sur la route C 34 par 
Cockrum (1976a). Plus au sud, cette espèce a aussi été capturée au Temple des eaux du 
Djebel Zaghouan (Beaucournu et al.,- 1981), à Hammamet, à l'oued Zriba et à 
Enfidaville (Harrison Institute). Au nord-est et à l'est, la Pipistrelle de Kuhl a été notée 
à Sidi Daoud (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955a), El Haouaria (Vesmanis, 1972) et à l'oued 
Lebna (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955b). Au sud-ouest, Deleuil & Labbe (1955b) l'ont égale- 
ment signalée à El Baten et à Massicault. Àl'école d'El Hamain, ils ont trouvé aussi 
soixante-cinq femelles et deux mâles le 22 mai 1955 sous les tuiles; le 25 juillet 1955 
trois femelles sur dix étaient allaitantes. Gharaibeh (1997) a collecté quatre spécimens 
entre les briques d'une maison dans la pépinière forestière d'Ain Jammalah. A l'ouest, 
cette pipistrelle a été trouvée à Béja (Cockrum, 1976a). Bulla Regia (Deleuil & Labbe. 
1955a) et dans le théâtre romain de Chemtou (Baker et al., 1974). 

Dans le centre tunisien, l'espèce a été trouvée à Hammam Sousse (NMW), à 
Sousse et Kairouan (Olivier, 1896), à proximité du bassin d'El Hamrouni, à Gamouda 
(Cockrum, 1976a) et à Thyna (Kayser, 1995). Dans le Parc National de Bou Hedma. 
trois mâ les et deux femelles ont été capturés au filet et 10 individus ont été identifiés 
à partir des fragments de crânes retrouvés dans les pelotes de rapaces (Hizem, 2007). 
En mai 2008, une colonie a été découverte sous l'écorce décollée d'un Acacia radiana 
et 20 spécimens ont été capturés au filet devant le Bordj (Hizem & Allegrini, 2009). 

Dans la région des chotts, la Pipistrelle de Kuhl a été signalée pour la première 
fois par Lataste (in Roudaire, 1881) mais sans localisation précise. Ultérieurement, 
cette pipistrelle a été rapportée à Gafsa (NMW), à Bled Douarah (University of 
Colorado Muséum - UCM), à Moularès et Redeyef (Deleuil & Labbe, 1955b). dans les 
oasis de Tamerza et Tozeur (Cockrum, 1976a), au Mausolée de Sidi Hassen Ayed situé 
à 4,5 km au sud de Nefta (Baker et al., 1974), à Kebili (Vesmanis, 1972), à Douz 
(Kock, 2001), à El Hamma de Gabès (Lataste, 1885), à Gabès (Aellen. 1957; Benda et 
al., 2006) et dans la région de Ghomrassen (= 100 km au sud de Gabès) (Benda et al., 
2006). 

Dans le sud tunisien, cette pipistrelle a été rapportée de Adjim (après correction 
de l'identification de Galli-Valerio, 1911), Djerba et Zarzis (Blanc. 1935), capturée 
dans la gorge près de Ksar Hadada (Beaucournu & Hellal, 1977; Beaucournu et al., 
1983), à Tataouine (Blanc, 1935), à Foum Tataouine (Baker et al., 1974; Cockrum, 
1976a) et à Douirat (Anderson, 1892). Malgré ces données anciennes, Heim de Balsac 
(1936) considè re que cette espè ce a été rarement signalée dans l'extrême sud tunisien. 
De toute évidence cette région manque de prospections récentes, d'autant que ses 
pipistrelles ont souvent été rapportées à la sous-espèce albolimbatus, voire pallidus, 
variété plus claire dans laquelle certains auteurs distinguent une autre espèce: 
Pipistrellns de serti. 

Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber. 1 774 

Pipistrellus pipistrellus. - Cockrum, 1976a 

Une récente étude morphométrique et génétique (Benda et al., 2004a) a montré 
que les Pipistrellus pipistrellus du Maghreb divergent des populations européennes, 
sans pour autant supporter un statut spécifique. 



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La Pipistrelle commune n'a été recensée avec certitude que dans deux sites en 
Tunisie (Fig. 9). Au Djebel Ressas, deux mâ les ont été capturés au filet le 24 octobre 
1974 à l'entrée de la mine (Cockrum, 1976a; Vaughan et al., 1977) et une femelle au- 
dessus d'un bassin d'irrigation le 8 mai 1975 (Cockrum, 1976a). Cette pipistrelle a été 
également signalée dans le Parc National d'El Feidja (DGF, 1988). 

Le spécimen identifié à Adjim par Galli-Valerio (1911), un parasitologue, est 
sujet à caution. En effet, l'observation de cet auteur semble erronée et correspondre à 
celle de Pipistrellus kulilii, espèce commune sur l'île de Djerba (Aellen & Strinati, 
1969). 

Pipistrellus rueppellii (Fischer, 1829) 

Pipistrellus rueppellii. - Van Cakenberghe & Seamark, 2006 

L'unique Pipistrelle de Rùppell recensée en Tunisie a été collectée près de 
Matmata (Fig. 9) par G. Nobis (ZFMK). 

Otonycteris hemprichii Peters, 1859 

Otonycteris Hemprichi. - Deleuil, 1957 
Otonycteris hemprichi. - Fain, 1959 

Otonycteris hemprichi hemprichi. - Aellen & Strinati, 1969 
Otonycteris hemprichii. - Gharaibeh, 1997 

La distribution de l'Oreillard d'Hemprich est limitée aux zones arides et saha- 
riennes de la Tunisie (Fig. 9). Rapporté par Deleuil (1957) de Redeyef sur la base d'un 
spécimen trouvé noyé le 4 janvier 1956 dans un oued, cette chauve-souris a été 
collectée à Sfax (Fain, 1959) et dans la gorge de Seldja le 1er septembre 1972 (Nader 
& Kock, 1983). Au sud, elle a été capturée de jour dans une fente de la falaise fissurée 
de la gorge au voisinage du Ksar Hadada (Beaucournu et al., 1983). 

Plecotus gaisleri Benda, Kiefer, Hanâk & Veith, 2004 

Plecotus auritus. - Anderson, 1892 
Plecotus auritus auritus. - Laurent, 1939 

Plecotus austriacus christiei. - Ellerman & Morrison-Scott, 1951 
Plecotus austriacus aegyptius. - Aellen & Strinati, 1969 
Plecotus austriacus. - Hayman & Hill, 1971 
Plecotus teneriffae cf. gaisleri. - Benda et al., 2004b 
Plecotus kolombatovici . - Spitzenberger et al., 2006 
Plecotus gaisleri. - Dietz et al., 2007 

La systématique du genre Plecotus a été abondamment discutée ces dernières 
années, à la faveur d'analyses génétiques notamment. Pour le nord-ouest de l'Afrique 
tous les auteurs s'accordent cependant à reconnaître un seul taxon, tantôt sous-espèce 
de P. teneriffae (Benda et al., 2004b) ou de P. kolombatovici (Spitzenberger et al., 
2006), tantôt espèce (Mayer et al, 2007; Dietz et al., 2007). 

L'Oreillard du Maghreb a été rapporté pour la première fois en Tunisie par 
Anderson (1892) comme Plecotus auritus, alors seul taxon identifié pour le 
Paléarctique occidental. Les spécimens, 2 mâles et 14 femelles, en provenance de 
Douirat, étaient caractérisés par un pelage cendré clair sur le dos. C'est actuellement la 
localisation la plus méridionale d'une espèce qui, curieusement, a peu été contactée 
dans le nord du pays (Fig. 10). 



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Fig. 9: Carte des observations de Pipistrellus pipistrellus (■). de Pipistrellus rueppellii ( < > ) et 
d* Otonycteris hemprichii (•) en Tunisie. 

1: Djebel Ressas (bassin, mine). 2: El Feidja, 3: Sfax, 4: Gorge de Seldja, 5: Redeyef, 6: 
Matmata. 7: Ksar Haddada. 

Fig. 10: Carte des observations de Plecotus gaisleh (•) et de Hypsugo savii (■) en Tunisie. 
1: Bizerte. 2: El Haouaria. 3: Djebel Zaghouan (bassin). 4: Bou Hedma (parc, bordj), 5: Gafsa, 
6: Djebel Ank. 7: Redeyef (mine), 8: Toujane. 9: Tataouine, 10: Foum Tataouine. 11: Douirat. 

Douirat. étaient caractérisés par un pelage cendré clair sur le dos. C'est actuellement la 
localisation la plus méridionale d'une espèce qui, curieusement, a peu été contactée 
dans le nord du pays (Fig. 10). 

En effet les seules mentions septentrionales sont un spécimen collecté en 1930 
à Bizerte (Nârodni Muzeum Praha - NMP) et une femelle capturée le 12 mars 1963 à 
El Haouaria (Kock, 1969). Dans le centre, l'oreillard a été recensé dans le Parc National 
de Bou Hedma (GOPA - DGF, 2005; Hizem & Allegrini, 2009). dans une mine du 
Djebel Ank (Cockrum, 1976a), dans une grotte près de Gafsa (NMP) et une mine au 
sud de Redeyef (Cockrum, 1976a), localité d'où Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) ont reçu un 
spécimen "couleur de poussière". 

Plus au sud, il a été capturé près de Toujane dans une fissure de grotte (19 spéci- 
mens dont treize mâles) et au sud de Foum Tataouine dans un tunnel fortifié abandonné 
(9 spécimens sont 5 mâles et 1 femelle) (Baker et aL, 1974; Cockrum, 1976a). A 



CHIROPTÈRES DE TUNISIE 



279 



Hypsugo savii (Bonaparte, 1837) 
Pipistrellus savii. - Cockrum, 1976a 
Pipistrellus savii ochromixus. - Cockrum, 1976a 
Hypsugo savii. - Noblet & Nefzi, 1991 

Le Vespère de Savi n'a été signalé en Tunisie qu'au Djebel Zaghouan (Fig. 10) 
où trois mâles ont été capturés au filet le 30 avril 1975 au-dessus d'un bassin à 4 km à 
l'ouest du poste d'observation (Cockrum, 1976a; Vaughan et al., 1977). 

Myotis capaccinii (Bonaparte, 1837) 
Myoîis capaccinii. - Cockrum. 1976a 

Le Murin de Capaccini, souvent oublié de Tunisie dans les ouvrages de 
synthèse, n'a été signalé que dans trois sites du nord tunisien (Fig. 11). La première 
mention (Cockrum, 1976a; Vaughan et al., 1977) est celle de la capture par quatre fois 
dans une mine de plomb abandonnée du Djebel Ressas (1 mâle le 7 août 1974, 12 mâles 
et 6 femelles le 23 août, 10 femelles le 24 octobre, puis 24 mâles le 8 mai 1975). Il a 
aussi été collecté dans la grotte de Tebourba (ZMB). Enfin, Noblet & Nefzi (1991) ont 
capturé 10 mâles et une femelle dans le Parc National de l'Ichkeul les 30-31 décembre 
2001. 

Myotis emarginatus (É. Geoffroy, 1806) 
Myoîis emarginatus. - Cockrum, 1976a 

Le Murin à oreilles échancrées n'est connu en Tunisie que de quatre localités, 
dont trois dans le nord (Fig. 11). Il a d'abord été capturé au Djebel Oust (1 mâle et 2 
femelles post-allaitantes le 29 juillet 1974) et dans la grotte proche du poste d'obser- 
vation du Djebel Zaghouan (4 femelles le 30 avril 1975, Cockrum. 1976a; Vaughan et 
al, 1977). 

Dans le Parc National d'El Feidja. Gharaibeh (1997) a collecté en juin 1996 huit 
individus dans une colonie mixte avec Rhinolophus mehelyi de 200 à 300 individus, 
puis Zava & Masseti (2007) ont observé en mai 2000 une colonie de 50 individus dans 
un bâtiment ainsi que 3 mâles et 2 femelles dans un logement du parc. 

Par ailleurs, cette espèce a été capturée en novembre 2001 par De Smet (in litt.) 
dans le Parc National de Sidi Toui, à proximité de la frontière libyenne. 

Myotis punicus Felten, 1977 

Vespertilio murinus. - Dobson, 1878 

Myotis murinus. - Trouessart, 1905 

Myotis myotis (vel. murinus). - Trouessart, 1906 

Myotis myotis myotis. - Laurent, 1937 

Myotis myotis. - Karaman, 1939 

Myotis myotis oxygnathus. - Rode. 1947 

Myotis blythi. - Ellerman & Morrison-Scott, 1951 

Myotis blythi oxygnathus. - Aellen & Strinati. 1969 

Myotis blythii. - Hayman & Hill, 1971 

Myotis blythi punicus. - Felten et al., 1977 

Myotis punicus. - Simmons, 2005 

Après de nombreux changements taxonomiques, tantôt Myotis myotis de petite 
taille, tantôt Myotis blythii de grande taille et décrit comme une sous-espèce de ce 



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Fig. 11: Carte des observations de Myotis capaccinii (■) et de Myotis emarginatus (•) en 
Tunisie. 

1: Ichkeul, 2: Tebourba, 3: Djebel Ressas (mine), 4: Djebel Oust, 5: Djebel Zaghouan (grotte du 
poste d'observation), 6: El Feidja, 7: Sidi Toui. 

Fig. 12: Carte des observations de Myotis punicus en Tunisie. 

1: Djebel Abiod, 2: Ras Rajel, 3: Tabarka, 4: Djebel Gloub, 5: El Feidja, 6: Chemtou (théâtre 
romain), 7: Bulla Regia, 8: Kef El Agab, 9: Beja, 10: Djebel Kalina, 11: Testour - El Aroussa, 
12: Tebourba, 13: Ichkeul, 14: Djebel Ichkeul, 15: Utique (citerne, ruines), 16: Tunis, 17: 
Entouna, 18: Djebel Gattuna, 19: Djebel Ressas (mine, bassin), 20: Djebel Zaghouan (grotte du 
poste d'observation, mine, mine Sioitayeaa), 21: Hammam Djedidi, 22: Nabeul, 23: Menzel 
Temime, 24: El Ouidane, 25: El Haouaria (grotte des chauves-souris, 2 km N, grottes romaines), 
26: Ghar Kraiz, 27: El Akhouat, 28: Damous Saïd, 29: Aïn Dhab, 30: Makthar, 31: Djebel 
Barbrou, 32: Djebel Trozza, 33: El Hamrouni, 34: El Djem, 35: Sfax, 36: Feriana, 37: Bou 
Hedma (parc, bordj), 38: Gafsa, 39: Nefta, 40: Toujane, 41: Djebel Saikra. 

Myotis punicus. - Simmons, 2005 

Après de nombreux changements taxonomiques, tantôt Myotis myotis de petite 
taille, tantôt Myotis blythii de grande taille et décrit comme une sous-espèce de ce 
taxon, le statut spécifique de Myotis punicus a été établi génétiquement, puis confirmé 
par la morphométrie (Castella et al, 2000; Evin et al., 2008). Felten et al. (1977) ont 
étudié des spécimens tunisiens de plusieurs provenances pour la description du taxon; 



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Ensuite, Gadeau de Kerville (1908) l'a collecté dans une grotte du Djebel Gloub (46 
mâles le 18 mai 1906) et Blanc (1935) l'a rapporté d'une grotte du Djebel Ichkeul (il a 
été retrouvé dans le Parc National par Noblet & Nefzi, 1991) et d'une grotte près de 
Tebourba. Puis, il a été surtout recensé lors des prospections de Deleuil & Labbe 
(1955a) et de la Smithsonian Institution. 

Deleuil & Labbe (1955a) l'ont observé en hiver dans une citerne des ruines 
d'Utique (site de collecte pour Cockrum, 1976a), dans une caverne du Djebel Abiod, 
dans une grotte profonde entre El Aroussa et Testour, dans deux galeries de mine d'El 
Akhouat, dans une grotte du Djebel Zaghouan, dans les galeries sud des mines du 
Djebel Ressas (observation confirmée par Cockrum, 1976a). Dans la grotte des 
chauves-souris d'El Haouaria, de nombreux spécimens ont été observés par Aellen & 
Strinati (1970), puis l'holotype défini par Felten (in Felten et al., 1977) a été collecté 
le 25 mars 1971, avec quatorze mâles et une femelle selon Baker et al. (1974). 
L'espèce a aussi été notée au Djebel Kalina (NMW) et dans un gouffre du Djebel 
Saikra (95 sujets mesurés en décembre 1954). En 1958, C.J. Marinkelle a collecté des 
spécimens à Nabeul et Sfax (FMNH). 

Dans leur étude sur le caryotype de l'espèce, Baker et al. (1974) ont disposé de 
huit mâles et cinq femelles provenant du palais romain d'Amphitrite à Bulla Regia, 
quatre mâles et une femelle collectés dans le théâtre romain de Chemtou, trois mâles et 
deux femelles des grottes romaines d'El Haouaria, quatorze mâles et une femelle de la 
grotte des chauves-souris, ainsi que cinq mâles prélevés à 3 km au nord-ouest de 
Toujane. 

Ces données sont complétées par Cockrum (1976a) qui rajoute des captures 
dans le tunnel d'une mine près de Sidi Messaoud (Djebel Ichkeul), dans la mine près 
du cimetière de Ras Rajel, à Bulla Regia, à Beja et au Djebel Zaghouan (20 spécimens 
dans une mine située sur la route en direction de Aïn Ayed à 3 km au sud-ouest de 
Zaghouan , 7 dans la mine Sioutayea située à 1 km à l'est sur la route MC 133 , 3 dans 
la grotte du poste d'observation). Des murins du Maghreb ont aussi été collectés dans 
une galerie de mine à Hammam Djedid (20 km à l'est de Zaghouan), près d'un bassin 
d'irrigation au Djebel Ressas, dans la mine Entouna (22 spécimens prélevés), dans les 
grottes romaines d'El Haouaria et à 2 km au nord (7 spécimens). Toujours à proximité 
du Cap Bon, 4 murins ont été capturés dans une mine de charbon abandonnée d'El 
Ouidane et 2 autres dans la carrière de sable de Menzel Temime. Enfin, des prélè- 
vements ont été opérés dans la mine de Scarna (Djebel Barbrou) (11 individus), une 
mine du Djebel Trozza (5), près du bassin d'El Hamrouni (15), sous les bains dans les 
ruines de Maktha (12) et à 3 km au nord-ouest de Toujane (14). 

De plus, Aellen & Strinati (1970) ont examiné trois mâles et une femelle à Kef 
el Agab le 7 octobre 1967, Felten et al. (1977) rapportent des collectes à Tunis et 
Tabarka (Senckenberg Muséum Frankfurt - SMF) et Benda & Horâcek (1995) des 
spécimens d'El Djem (10 mâles, 2 femelles). G.B. Gharaibeh a légué au Texas Tech 
University Muséum des spécimens de Ghar Tabouda (El Haouaria), Ghar Kraïz, 
Damous Saïd (Djebel Serdj) et Aïn Dhab. 

Le Murin du Maghreb a également été observé dans le Parc National d'El Feidja 
(DGF, 1988) et dans le Parc National de Bou Hedma (GOPA - DGF, 2005). Enfin, la 
seule citation dans l'étage bioclimatique saharien provient de l'oasis de Nefta 
(Wandeler, 1967). 



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DISCUSSION 

Pour réaliser cette synthèse, plusieurs difficultés ont dû être surmontées, à 
commencer par identifier les références des documents produits, y compris les travaux 
non indexés, localiser des publications indisponibles en Tunisie et consulter la littéra- 
ture "grise" (e.g. Blanc, 1935; Wiersema & Vreugdenhil, 1975; DGF, 1988; Noblet & 
Nefzi, 1991; Dhouib, 1998; Hizem. 2007). Ensuite, la localisation de certaines données 
s'est avérée délicate avec des désignations imprécises, comme "Djebel Gattuna" ou 
"Djebel Saïkra". mais aussi des sites difficilement repérables sur les cartes, comme 
"Mine Entouna" ou "Grotte de Kaloi (près d'Ain Draham)". Des sites ont été désignés 
par plusieurs noms, comme "Tataouine" aussi appelé "Foum Tataouine". situé à 2 kilo- 
mètres de la ville, ou "El Hamma de Tozeur" dénommé tantôt "El Hamma de Djerid", 
tantôt "12 km au nord de Tozeur". L'orthographe a été fluctuante avec le temps (ou 
plutôt l'origine des auteurs) avec "Ichkeul" nommé "Achkeul" par Kahmann (1958) ou 
encore "Gafsa" transcrit "Kaphja" par Felten et al. (1977) pour "Kaphza" (ZMB). 
Malgré des recherches approfondies, certaines localités n'ont pu être identifiées (et 
localisées) comme "Djebel Glong" (Cockrum, 1976a) ou "Therma" (Stockholm 
Muséum). 

Par ailleurs, cette synthèse met en évidence que des sites ont été plus parti- 
culièrement prospectés; ce sont les régions d'El Haouaria, de Zaghouan, de Jendouba 
(Chemtou. Bulla Regia, Parc National El Feidja, Souk El Arba), du Djebel Ichkeul, des 
chotts (Gafsa, Redeyef, Tozeur) et de Tataouine. Dans ces régions le peuplement de 
chauves-souris apparaît relativement diversifié avec, par exemple, 13 espèces recen- 
sées au Djebel Zaghouan, 10 espèces au Djebel Ressas et à Redeyef. D'autres sites 
comme El Djem, Hammam Djedidi, Tabarka n'ont été visités qu'en une seule occasion 
et une grande partie du territoire tunisien reste à explorer. 

Les Chiroptères de Tunisie se répartissent en 6 familles, 1 1 genres et 19 espèces. 
Avec 6 genres (Eptesicus, Pipistrellus, Otonyctehs , Plecotus, Hypsugo et Myotis) et 10 
espèces, la famille des Vespertilionidae apparaît la plus diversifiée, comme dans toute 
la région paléarctique (Corbet, 1978; Simmons, 2005). Les Rhinolophidae, mono - 
génériques (Rhinolophus) comptent 5 espèces. Les autres familles, Hipposideridae, 
Rhinopomatidae. Molossidae et Miniopteridae, nettement moins diversifiées, sont 
représentées chacune par une seule espèce. Cette diversité apparaît nettement infé - 
rieure à celle des autres pays du Maghreb, comme le Maroc, qui héberge 29 espèces 
dont une de la famille des Nycteridae (Aulagnier & Denys, 2000), ou l'Algérie, qui 
partage avec le Maroc une espèce d'Emballonuridae pour un total de 24 espèces 
(Kowalski & Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991). Cette dernière espèce, Taphozous nudiventris , 
pourrait fréquenter les zones sahariennes du sud tunisien, tout comme Rhinopoma 
microphyllum et Tadarida aegyptiaca, deux autres espèces présentes dans les zones 
désertiques d'Egypte au Maroc (Aulagnier et al., 2009). Parallèlement, des prospec- 
tions approfondies en Kroumirie pourraient révéler la présence de Barbastella 
barbastellus ou Nyctalus leisleri, voire celle de Myotis escalerai. Nyctalus lasiopterus, 
espèce arboricole méconnue, rapportée du Maroc, de Cyrénaïque et de Sicile, devrait 
aussi faire l'objet de recherches spécifiques. 



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Certaines espèces sont très largement distribuées en Tunisie depuis le cap Blanc 
jusqu'aux confins désertiques: Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Tadarida tenions, 
Eptesicus isabellinus, Pipistrellus kuhlii, Plecotus gaisleri et Myotis punicus. D'autres 
espèces sont seulement présentes dans le nord du pays: Rhinolophus hipposideros, R. 
mehelyi et Miniopterus schreibersii, voire l'extrême nord: Myotis capaccinii. D'autres 
sont inféodées aux zones désertiques du sud: Asellia tridens, Rhinopoma cystops, 
Otonycteris hemprichii. D'autres présentent une distribution qui devra être révisée par 
des identifications confirmées: Rhinolophus blasii, R. euryale. D'autres enfin, ont été 
trop rarement observées pour définir leur patron de répartition: Pipistrellus pipistrellus, 
P. rueppellii, Hypsugo savii et Myotis emarginatus. 

L'opposition entre peuplements septentrional et méridional est typique des pays 
du Maghreb, tant pour les Chiroptères que pour les petits vertébrés terrestres (e.g. 
Blondel & Aronson, 1999). Pour l'Algérie, à la suite de Heim de Balsac (1936), 
Kowalski & Rzebik-Kowalska (1991) identifient la Berbérie, qui possède un peuple- 
ment paléarctique incluant de nombreuses formes méditerranéennes, et le Sahara, 
caractérisé par des espèces érémiques dont la distribution s'étend souvent aux déserts 
d'Asie. La limite entre les deux entités est assez floue tant certaines espèces palé- 
arctiques peuvent pénétrer l'espace saharien à la faveur des oasis ou bien, pour les 
Chiroptères, bénéficier de conditions favorables dans des gîtes souterrains. 

En fonction des récentes révisions systématiques et chorologiques, ces 19 
espèces peuvent également être réparties entre sept types fauniques: paléarctique (1), 
paléarctique occidental (4), méditerranéen (7), méditerranéen occidental (2), méditer- 
ranéo-turkestanien (1), saharo-sindien (3) et saharien (1). Cette classification enracine 
nettement le peuplement tunisien dans l'espace méditerranéen, avec une composante 
érémique caractéristique des pays du Maghreb (Aulagnier, 1991). 

Le statut de conservation des Mammifères méditerranéens a récemment été 
évalué par l'U.I.CN. (Temple & Cuttelod. 2009). Trois espèces de Chiroptères 
présentes en Tunisie sont listées "Vulnérable" sur la liste rouge: Rhinolophus euryale. 
R. mehelyi et Myotis capaccinii. Il convient de noter qu'aucune donnée récente n'est 
venue confirmer la présence du murin, tandis que les rhinolophes, souvent confondus 
par le passé, devraient susciter une attention particulière et leurs gîtes bénéficier d'une 
protection réglementaire, voire physique (Mitchell-Jones et al., 2007). De plus, cinq 
espèces sont listées "Quasi-menacé" dont trois déjà inscrites sur la liste du Groupe de 
Spécialistes Chiroptères de l'U.I.CN. (Hutson et al., 2001), qui ne recensait que douze 
espèces en Tunisie (!). Aux Rhinolophus blasii, R. ferrumequinum et Miniopterus 
schreibersii, assez bien distribués en Tunisie, ont été rajoutés Rhinolophus hippo - 
sideros, qui régresse en Europe, et Myotis punicus, élevé récemment au rang spéci- 
fique. Toutes ces espèces, vulnérables et quasi-menacées, sont principalement, voire 
totalement, cavernicoles, ce qui confère à la Tunisie une responsabilité en matière de 
conservation des gîtes souterrains, naturels (grottes) et artificiels (carrières, mines). 

CONCLUSION 

Les recherches sur les chauves-souris tunisiennes ont connu deux périodes. 
Initiées durant la seconde moitié du XIXème siècle, de Hartmann (1868) à Olivier 
(1909), elles ont repris dans les années cinquante avec Deleuil & Labbe (1955a: b) 



284 



R. DALHOUMI ETAL. 



pour culminer dans les années soixante-dix avec Aellen & Strinati (1969; 1970) et 
Cockrum (1976a). Depuis, contrairement aux autres pays du Maghreb, les prospections 
ont été limitées dans l'espace et dans le temps. Cette compilation de la littérature nous 
a permis de réviser la liste fournie par Gharaibeh (1997) et de fournir des cartes de 
répartition actualisées pour les espèces actuellement reconnues. Elle devrait également 
contribuer à diffuser une information validée et éviter l'utilisation de listes mal étayées 
comme celle de Pereswiet-Soltan (2007). 

La majorité de ces espèces ayant été observées dans des gîtes de repos (grottes, 
caves, fissures...), cette liste n'est encore que provisoire. Incontestablement, l'emploi 
de méthodes modernes et de matériels adéquats (détecteurs d'ultrasons, filets ja- 
ponais...), mais aussi l'analyse de pelotes de réjection de rapaces nocturnes, devraient 
permettre de découvrir d'autres espèces et de préciser la répartition d'espèces encore 
rarement recensées en Tunisie. Enfin, des contrôles s'imposent pour les gîtes ancien- 
nement connus, en utilisant des techniques limitant le dérangement (comptages en 
sortie de gîte par exemple) afin d'entreprendre des démarches de protection pour les 
plus fragiles. De manière plus générale, les chauves-souris devraient bénéficier de 
mesures de conservation qui passent par une sensibilisation du public. 

REMERCIEMENTS 

En complément des collections répertoriées dans le Gobai Biodiversity 
Information Facility, des inventaires inédits nous ont été communiqués par Milos 
Andfra (Nârodnf Muzeum, Praha), Barbara Henzig (Naturhistorisches Muséum, Wien), 
Katrin Krohmann (Senckenberg Muséum, Frankfurt), Frieder Mayer (Muséum fur 
Naturkunde, Berlin), Violaine Nicolas (Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris), 
qu'ils en soient vivement remerciés. Le travail de RD est financé par Bat Conservation 
International et Eurobats. 

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Annexe: Liste des localités de Tunisie mentionnées dans le texte et/ou les légendes des cartes: 
localisation, implantation administrative et coordonnées géographiques. 

Localités Localisation Gouvernorat Délégation Coordonnées 



Adjim 
Aï n Dhab 

Aïn Draham 

Aïn Draham 
(Grotte de Kaloi) 
Aï n Jammalah 



Djebel Serdj, 10km 
NO El Ouesslatia 
Mine de kohl, 5km 
NE Aïn Draham 
Tombeau antique 

Toit de la pépinière 
forestière 



Medenine 
Siliana 

Jendouba 

Jendouba 

Baja 



Djerba - Adjim 
Siliana sud 

Aïn Draham 

Aïn Draham 

Téboursouk 



33°44' N 10°45' E 
35°55' N 09°30' E 

36°49' N 08°44' E 

36°47'N08°41'E 

36°27'N09°14'E 



CHIROPTÈRES DE TUNISIE 



289 



Beja 




Beja 


Beja Nord 


36°44' N 09° 10' E 


Bizerte 




Bizerte 


Bizerte Nord 


37°17' N 09°52' E 


Bled Douarah 


43km O Gafsa 


Gafsa 


Metlaoui 


34°24'N 08° 19' E 


Bou Hedma 


Parc National, 
Bordj, Oued Bou 
Hedma, 26 km SO 
sur C 124 


Sidi Bouzid 


Mezzouna 


34°28'N 09°39' E 


Bulla Regia 


Palais romain d'Amphi- 


Jendouba 


Jendouba Nord 


36°33' N 08°45' E 


tnte, 7km NNO Jendouba 








Cap Serrât 


Versant NE Djebel 
El Hamar 


Bizerte 


Sejenane 


37° 1 2' N 09° 14' E 


Carthage 


Ruines 


Tunis 


Carthage 


36 51 N 10 20 E 


Carthage 


Port punique 


Tunis 


Carthage 


O/or 1 l X T i AO 1 f\l ï~ ' 

36 51 N 10 19 E 


Chemtou 


Carrière & théâtre romain, 
17km O Jendouba 


Jendouba 


Jendouba Nord 


36°29' N 08°35' E 


Dghoumes 


(= Dgomous), Entrée du 
Parc National, rive N Chott 
El Djend, 20km E Degache 


Tozeur 


Degache 


34 03 N 08 34 E 


Djebel Abiod 




Beja 


Nefza 


36 59 N 09 05 E 


Djebel Ank 


Mine de fer, 30 km ESE 
Gafsa 


Gafsa 


El Guettar 


34 19 N 09 07 E 


Djebel Barbrou 


Mine Scarna, 10km NE 


Siliana 


Rouhia 


35 43 N 09 08 E 


Rohia 








Djebel Bou 


(= Djebel Gattuna), sud 


Ben Arous 


Hammam Lif 


36°41' N 10°2r E 


Kornine 


Hammam Lif 








Djebel Gloub 


Grotte, 10km O Fernana 


Jendouba 


Fernana 


36 39 N 08 34 E 


Djebel Ichkeul 


Grotte, N Mateur 


Bizerte 


Tinja 


37 08 N 09 40 E 


Djebel Ichkeul 


Mine, 25km SO Bizerte 


Bizerte 


Tinja 


37°08' N 09°40' E 


(Sidi Messaoud) 










Djebel Morra 


Parc National Dghoumes, 
20km E Degache 


Tozeur 


Degache 


^AOC\A\ XT AOÛT /Il 

34 04 N 08 34 E 


Djebel Orbata 


6km NE Bou Omrane, 


Gafsa 


El Guettar 


O A O^W A 1 XT AAOAOI V 

34 24 N 09 08 E 


32km E Gafsa 








Djebel Oust 


Grotte, 6km S Oum 
Djeddour, E Thala 


Kasserine 


El Ayoun 


irno /Il XT AOOCOI 

35 34 N 08 58 E 


Djebel Ressas 


\ /i * ^oi or t 

Mine, 28km SE Tunis 


Nabeul 


Grombalia 


OZIOO/ll XT 1 AO^AI r? 

36 36 N 10 20 E 


Djebel Ressas 


T* * -11* * a.* 1 0l 

Bassin d irrigation, 28km 


Nabeul 


Grombalia 


0/0')/:i XT 1 AO^AI î -1 

36 36 N 10 20 E 


SE Tunis 








Djebel Saïkra 


7km E Helg Jimel, 22km 
NO Medenine 


Medenine 


Medenine Nord 


33°26' N 10°17' E 


Djebel Serdj 


Damous Saïd, 10km N 
Ouesslatia 


Siliana 


Siliana Sud 


3j JO IN Uy 33 E 


Djebel Sidi Bel 


El Haouaria 


Nabeul 


El Haouaria 


3/03 N II U I E 


Abiod 










Djebel Trozza 


Mine, 7km SE El Alâa, 
50km OSO Kairouan 


Kairouan 


Alaâ 


OCOTHI 1VT /\/*lO O /C ' r? 

35 34 N 09 36 E 


Djebel Zaghouan Bassin d'irrigation, 4km O 










poste d'observation 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


tCo^y 1 1 xt i aoaii r -1 

36 21 N 10 07 E 


Djebel Zaghouan Cavernes et grottes 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


O/OI 1 I XT 1 aoah 

36 21 N 10 07 E 


Djebel Zaghouan 


Grotte du poste 
d'observation 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


T/û^ 1 I XT i AOATI V 

36 21 N 10 07 E 


Djebel Zaghouan Mine, 3km SE Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


36°21' N 10°07' E 




sur route vers Ain Ayed 








Djebel Zaghouan Temple des eaux 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


36°21'N 10°07' E 


Djebel Zaghouan 6km O poste d'observation 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


36°21' N 10°07' E 


Djebel Zaghouan Grotte du Cheval 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


36°21' N 10°07' E 


Djebel Zaghouan Mine Sioitayeaa, 1km E 


Zaghouan 


Zaghouan 


36°21' N 10°07' E 



Zaghouan sur C 133, 
lkm S autoroute 



290 



R. DALHOUMI ETAL. 



Djerba 


2,5km E El May 


Médenine 


Djerba - Midoun 


36°21' N 10°07' E 


Douirat 


1 7km OSO Tataouine 


Tataouine 


Tataouine Sud 


36°21' N 10°07' E 


Douz 




Kebeli 


Douz Nord 


33 28 N 09 01 E 


Dubosville 


Région de Tunis 


Tunis 


Djebel Jelloud 


36°47' N 10° 12' E 


El Akhouat 


Mine, 10km SO Gaâfour 


Siliana 


Gaâ four 


36° 15' N 09° 15' E 


El Bathan 


Plaine SE de la ville 


Manouba 


El Battan 


36°48' N 09°51' E 


El Djem 




Mahdia 


El Jem 


35° 18' N 10°42' E 


El Feidja 


Parc National, bâtisse et 


Jendouba 


Ghardimaou 


36°45' N 08°38' E 




entrepôt du parc 








El Hamaïn 


Ecole 


Béja 


Medjez El-Bab 


36°39' N 09°37' E 


El Hamma de 


Constructions romaines, 


Gabès 


El Hamma 


33°54' N 09°48' E 


Gabès 


sources chaudes (Gabès 










par Laurent 1 94 1 ) 








El Hamma de 


(= El Hamma de Djerid), 


Tozeur 


Degache 


34 01 N 08 08 E 


Tozeur 


palmeraie STIL - aqueduc 










abandonné, 12km N Tozeur 










sur GP 3 








El Hamrouni 


Bassin (= GP3 - 4km NO), 


Sidi Bouzid 


Jelma 


35°25' N 09°28' E 




6 km NO GP3 sur C77, 8 km 










NO Hajeb El Aioun 








El Haouaria 


Grotte des chauves-souris 


Nabeul 


El Haouaria 


37°03' n iror E 




(= Grotte de l'oued Tabouda 










= Ghar Tabouda = Grotte 










d'El Haouaria = Grotte de 










Djebel Sidi Bel Abiod), 4km NE 






El Haouaria 


2kmN 


Nabeul 


El Haouaria 


37 03 N 1101 E 


El Haouaria 


Grottes romaines, 1,5 km NO 


Nabeul 


El Haouaria 


TTOAOI X T 1 1 ÛA1 1 1— ' 

37°03 N 11°01 E 


El Ouidane 


11 kmOC27 


Nabeul 


El Mida 


36°47' N 10°51' E 


El Ouidane 


Mine de charbon n°7, 60km 


Nabeul 


El Mida 


36°47' N 10°51' E 




E Tunis 








Enfidaville 


Plaine, 4km N de la ville 


Sousse 


Enfidha 


36 10 N 10 23 E 


Entouna 


Mine, 23,5 km SE Tunis 


Ben Arous 


Mornag 


36°42' N 10° 18' E 




sur GP1 , 2 km O autoroute 








Feriana 


1km NNE Feriana 


Kasserine 


Feriana 


34°57' N 08°34' E 


Foum Tataouine 


Tunnel dans les fortifi- 


Tataouine 


Tataouine Sud 


32°54' N 10°26' E 




cations, 2km S Tataouine 










sur GP9, 1km E route 








Gabès 




Gabès 


Gabès Medina 


33°53' N 10°07' E 


Gafsa 


Ville 


Gafsa 


Gafsa Nord 


34°26' N 08°47' E 


Gafsa 


Grotte 


Gafsa 


Gafsa Nord 


34°26' N 08°47' E 


Gafsa 


Carriè re E Gafsa 


Gafsa 


Gafsa Sud 


34°25' N 08°48' E 


Galite 


île, 85km ONO Bizerte, 




* 


37°31' N08°55' E 




65km NNE Tabarka 








Gamouda 


Sidi Bouzid 


Sidi Bouzid 


Sidi Bouzid Ouest35°02' N 09°25' E 


Ghar Kraiz 


8km NO El Aroussa 


Béja 


Testour 


36°26' N 09°23' E 


Ghardimaou 




Jendouba 


Ghardimaou 


36°27' N 08°26' E 


Ghomrassen 


(= 100 km S Gabès), 


Tataouine 


Ghomrassen 


32°59' N 10°07' E 




20km OSO Ghomrassen 








Gorge de Seldja 


Entre Redeyef et Metlaoui, 


Gafsa 


Metlaoui 


34°21' N08°19' E 




9km ONO Metlaoui 








Grombalia 


Bâtiment, 10km O 


Nabeul 


Grombalia 


36°31' N 10°27' E 




Grombalia sur MC34 








Hammam Djedidi 27km E Zaghouan 


Nabeul 


Hammamet 


36°25' N 10°27' E 


Hammam Sousse 




Sousse 


Hammam 


35°51' N 10°35* E 








Sousse 




Hammamet 




Nabeul 


Hammamet 


36°24' N 10°37' E 


Ichkeul 


Parc National, 24km SO 


Bizerte 


Tinja 


37°08' N09°41' E 




Bizerte 








Kairouan 




Kairouan 


Kairouan Nord 


35°41' N 10°07' E 



CHIROPTÈRES DE TUNISIE 



291 



Kasserine 


Anfractuosités de rocher 


Kasserine 




Djebel Châambi 




Kebili 




Kebili 


(Nefzaoua) 






Kef el Agab 


4km ONO Souk el Arba 


Jendouba 


Kef en Negcha 


Parc National El Feidja 


Jendouba 


Kherredine 


Entre la Goulette et El Kram Tunis 


Ksar Haddada 


Fissure dans une falaise, NO Tataouine 




Tataouine 




Makthar 


Ruines, sous les bains 


Siliana 


Massicault 


N Bordj El Amri 


Manouba 


Matmata 


10km NO Matmata 


Gabes 


M'dhila 


Mine de phosphate, 20km S 


Gafsa 




Gafsa 




Megrine 


Région de Tunis 


Ben Arous 


Menzel Temime 


Carrière de sable, 3km SE 


Nabeul 




sur C27 




Metlaoui - 


Grotte 


Gafsa 


Redeyef 






Mornag 


Plaine, SO Djebel Bou 


Ben Arous 




Kornine 




Moulares 




Gafsa 


Nabeul 




Nabeul 


Nefta 


Oasis 


Nefta 


Nefta 


Mausolée Sidi Hassen Ayed, Nefta 




4,5km S 




Nefza 


Forêt de pins claire, 10km 


Nefza 




O Nefza 




Nefza 


Forêt de pins dense, 9km 


Nefza 




O Nefza 




Oudna 


Bâtiment, 1km SE station 


Ben Arous 




Oudna, prè s Khelidia, 






O Djbel Ressas 




Oued Lebna 


Estuaire, rive sud Cap Bon, 


Nabeul 




7,5km SSO Menzel Temime 




Oued Medjerdja 


Estuaire, rive SE lagune 


Bizerte 




Ghar El Maleh, 6km SSE 






Ghar el Maleh 




Oued Zriba 


Versant E montagne, 6km 


Zaghouan 




SSO Ez Zriba 




Ras Rajel 


Mine près cimetière, 6km 


Jendouba 




O Tabarka 




Redeyef 




Gafsa 


Redeyef 


Mine, 4km S Redeyef sur 


Gafsa 




route Aï oun Ameur 




Sfax 


Sfax ville 


Sfax 


Sidi Bouzid 


Plaine 


Sidi Bouzic 


Sidi Daoud 


Rive nord Cap Bon 


Nabeul 


Sidi Mansour 


Garage Service géologique, 


Tunis 




région Tunis 




Sidi Toui 


Parc National, 50km S 


Medinie 




Ben Guerdane 




Souk el Arba 


Ville de Jendouba 


Jendouba 


Sousse 


Ville 


Sousse 


Tabarka 


Siège de la délégation 


Jendouba 




(Mu'tamadiyat) 




Tamerza 


Oasis 


Tozeur 


Tataouine 


Fortifications montagne S 


Tataouine 


Tebourba 


Grotte du Djebel Lansarine, 


Manouba 




NO Tebourba 





Kasserine Nord 


35° 11' N08°48' E 


Kebili nord 


33°43' N 08°58' E 


Jendouba 


36° 30' N 08°45' E 


Ghardimaou 


36°45' N 08°38' E 


Tu n i s 


36°50' N 10° 19' F 


Tataouine Nord 


32°56' N 10°27' E 


Makthar 


35°51' N 09° 12' E 


Bordj El Amri 


36°43' N 09°53' E 


Matmata 


33°37' N 09°54' E 


M'dhila 


34° 15' N08°45' E 


Mégrine 


36°46' N 10°14' E 


Menzel Temime 


36°46' N 10°59' E 


Metlaoui 


34°21' N 08° 19' E 


Mornag 


36°40' N 10° 18' E 


Moularès 


34°29' N08°16' E 


Nabeul 


26°27' N 10°48' E 


Tozeur 


33°52' N 07°53' E 


Tozeur 


33°50' N 07°53' E 


Béja 


36°59' N 08°58' E 


Béja 


36°58' N 08°59* E 


Mohammedia 


36°38' N 10°09' E 


Menzel Temime 


36°43' N 10°58' E 


Ghar El Melh 


37°07' N 10° 13' E 


Zriba 


36°18'N 10°13'E 


Tabarka 


36°57' N 08°43' E 


Redeyef 


34°23' N 08°09' E 


Redeyef 


34°21' N08°09' E 


Sfax Ville 


34°44' N 10°46' E 


Sidi Bouzid Ouest 35°01' N 09°30' E 


El Haouaria 


37°00' N 10°54* E 


Tunis 


36°48' N 1 0° 11 ' E 


Ben Guerdane 


32°42' N 11°14' E 


Jendouba 


36°30' N 08°45' E 


Sousse Medina 


35°49' N 10°38' E 


Tabarka 


36°57' N 08°45' E 


Tamerza 


34°22' N 07°56' E 


Tataouine Sud 


32°55' N 10°26' E 


Tebourba 


36°50' N 09°50' E 



292 



Testour 

Thyna 
Toujane 

Tozeur 

Tunis 

Utique 

Zarzis 



R. DALHOUMI ETAL. 



Grotte entre Testour et 


Beja 


Testour 


36°33* N 09°27' E 


El Aroussa 








Salines 


Sfax 


Tyna 


34°40' N 10°42' E 


Grotte, 3km NO Toujane 


Gabes 


Mareth 


33°29' N 10°07' E 


sur C 104, 45km S Gabes 








Ville 


Tozeur 


Tozeur 


33°55' N 08°08' E 


Ville 


Tunis 


Tunis 


36°48' N 10 o H' E 


Citerne, ruines 


Bizerte 


Utique 


37°04' N 10°04' E 


Ville 


Medinine 


Zarzis 


33°30'N 11°07' E 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 1 18 (2): 293-306; juin 201 1 



A new species of Siamoglaris from Thailand with complementary 

description of the type species 

(Psocodea: 'Psocoptera': Prionoglarididae) 

Charles LIENHARD 

Muséum d'histoire naturelle, c. p. 6434, CH-1211 Genève 6, Switzerland. 
E-mail: charleslienhard@bluewin.ch 

A new species of Siamoglaris from Thailand with complementary 
description of the type species (Psocodea: 'Psocoptera': Prionoglari - 
didae). - A new species of the previously monotypic genus Siamoglaris 
Lienhard, S. theresiae sp. n., is described and illustrated, based on three 
maies from Thailand (female unknown). The female of the type species, S. 
zebrina Lienhard, is described for the first time and compléments to the 
description of the maie of this species are given. The generic diagnosis is 
revised. For the first time in Psocoptera, numerous thin-walled papilliferous 
spatulate setae (scent setae?) were observed on female gonapophyses and 
paraprocts; they are illustrated by scanning électron micrographs. Figures of 
female terminalia of the closely related genus Prionoglaris Enderlein are 
also presented. 

Keywords: Prionoglaridinae - Prionoglaris - scent setae - living fossils. 
INTRODUCTION 

The psocids mentioned in this study have been collected by the Thailand 
Inventory Group for Entomological Research (TIGER) in the course of their project on 
the insect fauna of Thailand, the field work of which was realized during the years 
2006-2009 (see: http://sharkeylab.org/tiger/). The présent paper contains the first 
published results on psocids collected during this monumental faunistic survey. 1839 
samples containing psocids were sent to the Muséum d'histoire naturelle of the City of 
Geneva (Switzerland), where thousands of spécimens were labeled and sorted to mor- 
phospecies by Mrs Thérèse Cuche. About 20 familles of Psocoptera are represented in 
this material. One of them, the Prionoglarididae, is treated in the présent paper; it is 
represented by 17 spécimens of the endémie genus Siamoglaris Lienhard, 2004. 

Within the order Psocodea (sensu Yoshizawa & Johnson, 2006) the 'Psocoptera' 
family Prionoglarididae belongs to the basai suborder Trogiomorpha and has recently 
been placed in an infraorder of its own, the Prionoglaridetae (see Yoshizawa et al., 
2006). Due to their basai position within Trogiomorpha and their similarity to fossils 
of this suborder, based on a plesiomorphic wing venation, the extant prionoglaridids 
are considered as "living fossils" (Lienhard, 2007). The family has been subdivided 
into two subfamilies by Lienhard (2004), Prionoglaridinae and Speleketorinae. The 
nominate subfamily contains the Palaearctic genus Prionoglaris Enderlein (3 species; 
see Lienhard & Smithers, 2002), the Neotropical genus Speleopsocus Lienhard (mono- 



Manuscript accepted 1 1.01.201 1 



294 



C. LIENHARD 



typic; see Lienhard et al., 2010a) and the previously monotypic Oriental genus 
Siamoglaris Lienhard (Lienhard. 2004). 

The latter genus was represented in the TIGER-project material by 9 maies and 
5 females belonging to the type species, Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard, 2004, pre- 
viously only known from the maie holotype. The female is described in the following 
and compléments to the description of the maie are given. The remaining three 
Siamoglaris individuals discovered in this material are maies and represent a new 
species described below. Based on thèse data a revised generic diagnosis is proposed 
and some morphological characters are discussed. 

MATERIAL AND METHODS 

Dissection and slide-mounting followed the methods described by Lienhard 
(1998). After clearing the maie terminalia in lactophenol. complète or partial eversion 
of the retracted eversible distal structures of the phallosome could be provoked by a 
short immersion (some minutes) in Sellnick fluid (Sellnick. 1960: 45; Weidner, 1993: 
5; Lienhard, 1998: 60), while observing the phallosome under a stereomicroscope. 

The material examined is deposited in the arthropod collections of the Muséum 
d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Svvitzerland (MHNG) and of the Queen Sirikit Botanical 
Gardens. Mae Rim. Chiang Mai Province. Thailand (QSBG). For ail material 
examined the TIGER-project sample numbers are mentioned (T-number). 

The following abbreviations are used in the descriptions: BL = body length (in 
alcohol): F = hindfemur (length); FW = forewing (length); HT = holotype; HW = hind- 
wing (length); IO/D = shortest distance between compound eyes divided by antero- 
posterior diameter of compound eye in dorsal vievv of head; PT = paratype; T = 
hindtibia (length); tl , t2, t3 = tarsomeres of hindtarsus (length, measured from condyle 
to condyle). 

DESCRIPTIONS AND DISCUSSIONS 
Siamoglaris Lienhard. 2004 

Lienhard. 2004: 866. Type species: Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard. 2004: 866. Other species 
included: Siamoglaris theresiae sp. n. (see description below). 

Revised diagnosis: See original diagnosis by Lienhard (2004), with the fol- 
lowing additions or modifications. Habitus as shown in Fig. 1 . Membranous extension 
of anterior preapical claw of each leg somewhat variable in size (Fig. 5e and Lienhard, 
2004: fig. 5; see also Discussion below). Maie terminalia (Figs 4a-c, 5f-g, 6c -e): 
Mediointernal structure of posterior part of phallosome not differentiated as a simple 
slender process like in Prionoglaris (see Lienhard. 1988, 1998), but as a relatively 
wide and weakly sclerotized internai tube bearing distally the opening of the ejacu- 
latory duct and various membranous or sclerotized eversible structures of spécifie 
shapes. Female terminalia (Figs 2-3): In gênerai similar to Prionoglaris (Fig. 7), but 
ovipositor valvulae and paraprocts lacking hooked stout setae and basai part of 
epiproct lacking pilosity. Ventral and dorsal gonapophyses almost completely reduced. 
External gonapophyses well-developed, basally rounded, apically angulate, pilose; 
besides normal pilosity bearing also numerous thin-walled broadened papilliferous 
setae (Figs 2b, 3). Some such setae also présent in ventral half of paraproct (Fig. 3a). 



SIAMOGLARIS FROM TH AIL AND 



295 



Subgenital plate short and simple, its posterior margin forming a vvide angle but 
lacking a distinct medio-apical lobe. Spermapore région simple. 

Discussion: The shape of the membranous part of the anterior preapical claws 
is somevvhat variable (partially due to différent degrees of swelling after slide- 
mounting of the legs). Contrary to Lienhard (2004: key on p. 871) no clear différence 
between Siamoglaris and Prionoglaris could be observed in this character (see Figs 5e 
and 7b). The internai basai bristle of the anterior pretarsal claws is also présent in 
Prionoglaris (Fig. 7b), but usually it is very short and fine, difficult to distinguish from 
adjacent microtrichia; therefore it has not previously been recognized by Lienhard 
(1988: fig. 8; 1998: fig. 39e). The other différences between thèse two gênera men- 
tioned by Lienhard (2004) could be confirmed. However, in Prionoglaris the posterior 
parts of the phallosome are more heavily sclerotized than in Siamoglaris and no ever- 
sible structures have been observed. The opening of the ejaculatory duct is hardly 
visible in Prionoglaris, probably it is situated just dorsally of the base of the medio- 
ventral process near the base of the mediointernal process (see figures in Lienhard, 
1988, 1998). Lienhard (2004) has tentatively interpreted the présence of a pair of 
sclerotized hooked claspers apically on the eversible posterior parts of the phallosome 
as a generic character of Siamoglaris, but the new material shows that this character is 
only présent in the type species. 

The female genitalia of Siamoglaris are similar to those of the other priono - 
glaridine gênera {Prionoglaris: Fig. 7e; Speleopsocus: see Lienhard et al., 2010a: fig. 
3b). The présence of spécial papilliferous setae on female terminalia of S. zebrina is 
here tentatively interpreted as an autapomorphy of the genus Siamoglaris (see also 
Discussion of the type species, below). The female of the monotypic Neotropical genus 
Speleopsocus, the maie of which is still unknown, can easily be distinguished from 
Siamoglaris by several striking characters, as indicated by Lienhard et al. (2010a). The 
discovery of the female of Siamoglaris does not provide significant new information 
for a better understanding of phylogenetic relationships between the three gênera of 
Prionoglaridinae. The trichotomy in this subfamily remains unresolved (see Lienhard 
et al., 2010a). At présent it seems that only molecular data (DNA analysis will be 
undertaken by Kazunori Yoshizawa, Sapporo) or the discovery of the maie of 
Speleopsocus can bring some progress in this field. 

Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard, 2004 Figs 1-4 

Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard, 2004: 866: description of maie. 

Type material: MHNG, 6 holotype (re-examined). Thailand, Kanchanaburi Province, 
Sai Yok District, near Wang Badan Cave, ca. 2 km N of Sai Yok Noi Waterfall, dry stream bed 
(on lovv végétation), 9.xii.2003, leg. P. Schwendinger. 

New material examined: MHNG and QSBG, Thailand. Kanchanaburi Province, 
Khuean Srinagarindra National Park, 96 and 5 9 in Malaise traps from the following localities. 
leg. TIGER-project: Huai Mae Kamint / Tourist center (\6 , 1 l-18.ix.2008, T3442; 26, 29, 
18-25 .ix.2008, T3443: 19, 25.ix-2.x.2008, T3444; lo\ 1 9, 2-9.X.2008. T3445; 1 o\ 23- 
30.X.2008, T3463; 1 6 , 30.x-6.xi.2008, T3464); Tha Thung-na / Chong Kraborg (1 cM 9 , 30.x- 
6.xi.2008, T3472; 26 , lacking abdomen, 6-13.xi.2008. T4431, thèse two spécimens could be 
identified as maies due to their small body size and their relatively large compound eyes. i.e. 
IO/D 1.16 and 1.15, see also Complementary description of maie, below). 



296 



C. LIENHARD 




FlG. 1 

Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard, maie: Habitus, latéral view (body length 2.5 mm); antenna 
incomplète; pilosity, hindwing and right appendages not shown. 

Description of female: Colouration and gênerai morphology as described for 
maie by Lienhard (2004). Body size distinctly larger than in maie, but compound eyes 
relatively smaller (see Complementary description of maie, below). Femora lacking 
dark brown transversal band of hypodermal pigment in 2/3 of their length (Fig. 4d, cf. 
Fig. 5i showing this band in S. theresiae). Colour pattern of eyes not well-preserved in 
the spécimens examined (observed after two years in alcohol), but still partially visible 
(cf. Fig. 5a). Pterostigma colourless, transparent or very slightly opaque. Antennae 
damaged in ail spécimens examined. Anterodorsal région of abdomen without small 
humps (see also Fig. 6f, showing pair of humps présent in maie of S. theresiae). 
Terminalia shown in Figs 2, 3; see also revised generic diagnosis, above. Epiproct rela- 
tively small, pilosity only developed in apical half, consisting of a pair of long setae 
and some shorter hairs. Paraproct in middle with a transversal row of some long setae, 
in its apical half with a dense group of hairs, some of them differentiated as papilli - 
ferous setae, similar to those on the external gonapophysis (in some cases weakly 
differentiated, see Fig. 2b: 4); sensé cushion well-differentiated, bearing one normal 
seta and numerous fine trichobothria, the latter without basai rosettes. Subgenital plate 
short, with a anteriorly narrowing pigmented area. External gonapophyses well- 
developed, bearing some long stout setae and many shorter acuminate hairs; towards 
posteroventral margin with numerous apically thin-walled and usually slightly curved 
papilliferous spatulate or club-shaped setae of unknown function (see Discussion, 
below). An approximately oval structure présent on each side at base of external 
gonapophysis (shown by interrupted lines in Fig. 2a), originating from anteroventral 
margin of clunium, covered by rounded basai part of gonapophysis and latéral part of 
subgenital plate (rudiments of ventral and dorsal gonapophyses?). Spermapore région 
with a weakly sclerotized suboval posterior area and a membranous anterior area 
bearing the spermapore. Spermathecal duct very long and more or less spirally coiled 



SIAMOGLAR1S FROM THAILAND 



297 




Fig. 2 

Siamoglahs zebrina Lienhard, female: (a) Subgenital plate, ovipositor valvulae (pilosity on right 
side not figured), ventrolateral parts of clunium, spermapore région and distal part of sperma- 
thecal duct. (b) Papilliferous setae on external gonapophysis and paraproct; 1 erect seta, 2 curved 
seta, 3 slender seta, 4 weakly differentiated seta. (c) Épiproct and right paraproct. 



298 



C. LIENHARD 



(at least more than twice as long as the distal part of the spermathecal duct shown in 
Fig. 2a), spermathecal sac not examinée! (lost during dissection). Measurements 
(female of sample T3472): BL = 3.5 mm; FW = 4.2 mm; HW = 2.8 mm; F = 917 //m; 
T= 1610 //m; tl =818 //m; t2= 182 //m; t3 = 185 //m; IO/D = 1.35. 

Complementary description of male: Body size smaller than in female (BLô* 
< 3 mm; BL 9 > 3 mm), but compound eyes relatively larger (10/Dâ < 1 .2; IO/D 9 > 
1.3). Colouration as in female. Antennae damaged in ail spécimens examined. 
Anterodorsal région of abdomen without small humps (see also Fig. 6f, shovving pair 
of humps présent in male of S. theresiae). Terminalia (Fig. 4a-c): Paraproct simple (see 
Lienhard. 2004: fig. 14), its pilosity normal (i.e. lacking the papilliferous setae 
observed in female). Shape of apical part of phallosome variable due to différent 
positions of the eversible distal structures and variable tumescence of the membranous 
blisters. For a view of ail structures completely everted and blisters swollen see Fig. 4c 
and the figures of the holotype in Lienhard (2004); for retracted apical structures and 
collapsed blisters see Fig. 4a; for everted apical structures but collapsed blisters see 
Fig. 4b. Characteristical distal pair of sclerotized hooks visible in ail positions. 
Rounded medioventral process (sensu Lienhard, 2004) posteriorly delimited by a 
transversal reticulate membrane: slightly concave mediodistal margin of this mem- 
brane vvell visible in ventral view (Fig. 4b), but also visible in dorsal view on cleared 
phallosome (Fig. 4c, interrupted line), always lacking sclerotized posterolateral lobes 
(see also Figs 5f, g and 6d, e showing posterolateral lobes présent in S. theresiae). 

Discussion: The female terminalia of S. zebrina resemble those of the other 
known prionoglaridine gênera due to symplesiomorphy. However, the présence of 
spécial papilliferous setae on the gonapophyses (some of them also on paraprocts) can 
be interpreted as an autapomorphy of Siamoglahs. This interesting character deserves 
additional comments. The socket and the basai part of thèse modified setae are iden- 
tical to those of the adjacent acuminate hairs. The basai part is brown, thick-walled and 
longitudinally grooved (Fig. 2b) as usual in chaetal sensilla (grooves not visible in the 
scanning électron micrographs of Fig. 3, but clearly visible under a light microscope; 
see also Slifer & Sekhon, 1977 and Hu et al., 2009). However, the distal half of thèse 
modified setae is thin-walled and completely transparent, and the surface area is 
augmented by its broadening (spatulate to club-shaped) and by the présence of many 
small papilliform spicules (Figs 2b; 3d, f). Several more acuminate spicules are also 
présent in the basai half of many of thèse setae (Figs 2b, 3c). As far as I know, it is the 
first time that such modified setae have been observed in Psocoptera. In gênerai, the 
pilosity of the female gonapophyses of psocids consists of normal acuminate setae 
(probably mechanoreceptors). The particular morphology of thèse modified setae 
suggests a possible function as scent organs involved in sexual behaviour (emitting an 
aphrodisiac pheromone?). Brush-like pheromone-diffusing scent scales of somewhat 
similar morphology have been observed in several Lepidoptera (Grassé, 1975; Wùest, 
1996). 

The présence of eversible distal structures on the phallosome, often retracted in 
alcohol preserved spécimens, may pose a problem for the interprétation of the micro- 
morphology of the posterior part of the phallosome. Therefore they have been illus- 



SIAMOGL\RIS FROM TH AIL AND 



299 




Fig. 3. Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard, female, scanning électron micrographs (made by A. Piuz. 
MHNG): (a) Abdominal apex (ventral side above, paraprocts left). (b) Posteroventral margin of 
external gonapophyses (same position as in Fig. 3a). (c) Papilliferous setae on posteroventral 
margin of external gonapophysis. (d) Papilliferous seta on posteroventral margin of external 
gonapophysis (same seta also recognizable in Fig. 3b, slightly left above middle). (e) Ditto (other 
seta, not recognizable in Fig. 3b). (f) Détail of apical part of same seta. 



300 



C. LIENHARD 




FlG. 4 

Siamoglaris zebrina Lienhard, maie: (a) Posterior part of phallosome (dorsal view) with 
retracted distal structures, (b) Ditto (same spécimen, ventral view) after artificially provoked 
e version of distal structures (see Material and methods). (c) Ditto (other spécimen, dorsal view) 
with naturally everted distal structures and swollen membranous blisters. (d) Hindleg (pilosity 
not shown). 



SIAMOGLARIS FROM THAILAND 



301 



trated here in the retracted (Fig. 4a) and in the everted position (Fig. 4b, c). In Fig. 4c 
the membranous blisters of this région of the phallosome are presented in the swollen 
position, though not exhibiting the maximal swelling as shown for the holotype by 
Lienhard (2004: fig. 1 1). In this figure of the holotype the slightly concave mediodistal 
margin of the reticulate membrane is not well recognizable (probably due to the 
excessive swelling of latéral blisters), but in the re-examined phallosome of the holo- 
type it is well visible (blisters collapsed after permanent slide-mounting). The eversion 
of the distal structures of the phallosome could be directly observed under the stereo - 
microscope for the spécimen shown in Fig. 4a, b (see Material and methods). In the 
retracted position the distal part of the phallosome is anterodorsally folded and the tips 
of the pair of sclerotized claspers are anteriorly directed, well visible in dorsal view 
(Fig. 4a). During eversion this part rises dorsally and finally unfolds backwards, so that 
the free tips of the hooked claspers are situated at the posterior end of the phallosome 
(Fig. 4b). Several intermediate states can be observed in alcohol preserved material. 
When identifying maies of Siamoglaris one has to pay attention to this phenomenon 
and not mistake it for variation in the morphology of the terminal structures of the 
phallosome. For a distinction between S. zebrina and S. theresiae see Discussion of the 
latter species. 

Almost nothing is known about the biology of this species. The type locality is 
situated about 200-300 m from the main entrance of Wang Badan Cave, in a rocky 
limestone région full of subterranean crevices (Lienhard, 2004). The new material has 
been collected in a very similar limestone région of Kanchanaburi Province. Therefore 
it seems possible that Siamoglaris zebrina has some affinities to caves or similar sub- 
terranean habitats, at least during its nymphal life, as known for most Prionoglarididae 
(see Lienhard et al, 2010a, 2010b). 

Siamoglaris theresiae sp. n. Figs 5-6 

Holotype: QSBG, S (on 3 microscopical slides), Thailand, Chiang Mai Province, Doi 
Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary, nature trail, 491m, Malaise trap, 30.ix-7.x.2007, leg. Songkran 
& Apichart,T3174. 

Paratypes: MHNG, 2â , Thailand, Kamphaeng Phet Province, Mae Wong National 
Park, Chong Yen, 1306m, Malaise trap, 8-15.X.2007, leg. C. Piluek & A. Inpuang (T3686) and 
17-24.iii.2008, leg. C. Piluek (T3641). 

Description of male (female unknown): Habitus as in S. zebrina (cf. Fig. 1). 
Colouration in gênerai as describd for S. zebrina by Lienhard (2004), with the 
following slight différences: head anteroventrally with more dark pigment (Fig. 5a); 
colour pattern of the legs highly contrasted, femora with a dark brown transversal band 
of hypodermal pigment in 2/3 of their length (Fig. 5i); some brown pigmentation 
présent along the pterostigmal veins in forewing (Fig. 6a of PT, forewings of HT 
damaged). Colour pattern of eyes not well-preserved in the spécimens examined (after 
2-3 years in alcohol) but still partially visible (Fig. 5a). General morphology as 
described for S. zebrina by Lienhard (2004), with the following différences. Vertex 
with a pair of small latéral protubérances near compound eyes (Fig. 5a). Antennae 
damaged in ail spécimens examined. Both maxillary palps broken in HT. Maxillary 
palp of PT (sample T3641) as figured for S. zebrina by Lienhard (2004: figs 1 and 10), 
its terminal article with 5 thin-walled conical sensilla in apical half (as figured for 



302 



C. LIENHARD 




FIG.5 



Siamoglaris theresiae sp. n.. maie holotype: (a) Head (frontal view, pilosity not shown). (b) 
Remnant of left lacinia (length about 70 pim). (c) Remnant of right lacinia. (d) Posterior 
pretarsal claw of midleg (internai view). (e) Anterior pretarsal claw of midleg (external view). 
(f) Phallosome (ventral view) with naturally everted distal structures and slightly swollen 
blisters. (g) Posterior part of phallosome (ventral view) showing détails of everted distal 
structures, (h) Labial palpus (pilosity not shown. except for thin-walled internai sensilla). (i) 
hindleg (pilosity not shown). 



S1AMOGLAR1S FROM THAILAM) 



303 




Fig.6 

Siamoglaris theresiae sp. n.. maie paratype (sample T3686): (a) Forewing. (b) Hindwing. (c) 
Phallosome (latéral view) with retracted distal structures, (d) Ditto (dorsal view). (e) Posterior 
part of phallosome (ventral view) with artificially provoked partial eversion of distal structures 
(see Material and methods). (f) Abdominal base (dorsal view) showing pair of small hemi- 
spherical humps anteromedially of spiracles of segment 3. 

S. zebrina by Lienhard, 2007: fig. 3b). Remnant of lacinia relatively short (length about 
70 pim), apically vveakly sclerotized and slightly bidenticulate (Fig. 5b. c). 
Anterodorsal région of abdomen with a pair of small hemispherical humps (Fig. 6f). 
Terminalia (Figs 5f-g, 6c-e): Epiproct. paraproct and hypandrium simple, similar to 
those of S. zebrina (Lienhard, 2004: figs 14. 15). Apex of dorsolateral appendages of 



304 



C. LIENHARD 



phallosome rather abruptly narrowed (Figs 5f, 6d). Shape of apical part of phallosome 
variable due to movable distal structures and inflatable membranous blisters. For a 
vievv of ail structures completely everted see Fig. 5f, g; for apical structures retracted 
see Fig. 6c, d; for partially everted apical structures see Fig. 6e. Eversible structures 
lacking conspicuous hooked claspers but bearing a small finely spiculate conical lobe 
near opening of ejaculatory duct; this médian lobe directed anteriad after eversion of 
the apical structures of the phallosome (Figs 5f, g and 6e); distal part of ejaculatory 
duct curved in retracted state (Fig. 6c, interrupted Unes). Medioventral process (sensu 
Lienhard, 2004) posteriorly delimited by a transversal reticulate membrane bearing a 
pair of slightly sclerotized posterolateral lobes (Figs 5f, g and 6e); thèse conspicuous 
lobes also visible in retracted state (Fig. 6d). Measurements (HT except for wing 
lengths): BL = 2.3 mm; FW = 4.0 mm (PT); HW = 2.7 mm (PT); F = 846 jim; T = 1450 
//m; tl = 804 //m; t2 = 210 //m; t3 = 193 //m; IO/D = 1.06. 

Etymology: The species is dedicated to my friend and colleague Thérèse 
Cuche (MHNG) in récognition of her invaluable assistance in my research on 
Psocoptera during more than 20 years. After retiring in 2007 she continues to work 
voluntarily for the Geneva Muséum. Due to her compétent sorting to morphospecies 
and labeling of the thousands of psocids collected by the TIGER-project this fasci- 
nating material became accessible to scientific studies. 

Discussion: The new species is easy to distinguish from S. zebrina by the 
présence of a pair of small protubérances of the vertex, near the compound eyes 
(Fig. 5a), and of a pair of small hemispherical humps anterodorsally on the abdomen 
(Fig. 6f). Thèse characters are probably présent in both sexes, but as the female is 
unknown, the possibility of sexual dimorphism cannot be ruled out. Two colour 
characters should also be mentioned here, although probably of limited diagnostic 
value, i.e. the présence, in S. theresiae, of a brown transversal band in about 2/3 of the 
femora (Fig. 5i) and of some brown pigmentation along the pterostigmal veins in the 
fore wing (Fig. 6a). The phallosomes of the two species of Siamoglaris differ by the 
shape of the dorsolateral appendages, distally more abruptly narrowed in S. theresiae 
(Figs 5f, 6d) than in S. zebrina (Fig. 4), by the présence of a pair of sclerotized terminal 
claspers in S. zebrina (Fig. 4), absent in S. theresiae (Figs 5f, g and 6d, e), by the 
présence of a pair of slightly sclerotized latéral lobes at the posterior margin of the 
medioventral part in S. theresiae (Figs 5f, g and 6d, e), absent in S. zebrina (Fig. 4), 
and by some détails of the eversible posterior structures, especially the présence, 
medially near the opening of the ejaculatory duct, of a spiculate conical lobe in 
S. theresiae (Figs 5g, 6e) which could not be observed in S. zebrina (Fig. 4b, c). The 
mechanism of everting the distal parts of the phallosome (observed in one paratype) 
corresponds to that described for S. zebrina. For S. theresiae it has to be noted that the 
characteristic spiculate conical lobe near the opening of the ejaculatory duct is difficult 
or impossible to observe in the retracted state (Fig. 6d). 

Almost nothing is known about the biology of S. theresiae. The type locality is 
situated at the foot of a large limestone mountain with caves (e. g. Chiang Dao Cave) 
and subterranean crevices (Peter Schwendinger, pers. comm.). The paratypes were 
collected in a area with isolated limestone outcrops. Therefore it seems possible that 



S1AMOGLARIS FROM THAILAND 



305 





Fig.7 

Prionoglaris stygia Enderlein: (a) Posterior pretarsal claw of hindleg (internai view). (b) 
Anterior pretarsal claw of hindleg (external view). (c) Left paraproct of female (spécimen from 
the type locality). (d) Epiproct of female (same spécimen; posterior margin pointing to bottom 
of figure plate), (e) Subgenitaî plate, ovipositor valvulae (pilosity on right side not shown), 
ventrolateral parts of clunium, spermapore région and distal part of spermathecal duct (same 
spécimen). 



306 



C. LIENHARD 



also this species has some affinities to caves or similar subterranean habitats, at least 
during its nymphal life, as has been observed in most Prionoglarididae and postulated 
for S. zebrina (see Discussion of the latter species, above). 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

I am very grateful to Michael Sharkey and Stéphanie Clutts (both University of 
Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA) for entrusting the Psocoptera collected in the course 
of the TIGER-project to the MHNG, to Thérèse Cuche (MHNG) for her tireless sorting 
and labeling of this huge collection, to Kazunori Yoshizawa (Hokkaido University, 
Sapporo, Japan) and Peter Schwendinger (MHNG) for reviewing the manuscript and 
making valuable suggestions, to André Piuz (MHNG) and Manuela Lienhard (St 
Biaise) for technical assistance and to John Hollier (MHNG) and Jean Wùest (Geneva) 
for interesting discussions. 

REFERENCES 

GrassÉ. P. P. 1975. Phanères épidermiques (pp. 48-67). In: Grasse. P. P. (éd.). Insectes: tégu- 
ments, système nerveux, organes sensoriels. Traité de Zoologie, vol. VIII, fasc. III. 
Mas son, Paris, 910 pp. 

Hu. F., Zhang, G. N. & Wang, J. J. 2009. Antennal sensillae of five stored-product psocids pests 
(Psocoptera: Liposcelididae). Micron 40: 628-634. 

Lienhard, C. 1988. Vorarbeiten zu einer Psocopteren Fauna der Westpalàarktis. IV. Die Gattung 
Prionoglaris Enderlein (Psocoptera: Prionoglarididae). Mitteilungen der Schweizer- 
ischen Entomologischen Gesellschafî 61: 89-108. 

Lienhard. C. 1998. Psocoptères euro-méditerranéens. Faune de France 83: XX+517 pp. 

Lienhard, C. 2004. Siamoglaris zebrina gen. n., sp. n., the first représentative of Priono- 
glarididae from the Oriental Région (Insecta: Psocoptera). Revue suisse de Zoologie 
111(4): 865-875. 

Lienhard, C. 2007. Description of a new African genus and a new tribe of Speleketorinae 

(Psocodea: 'Psocoptera': Prionoglarididae). Revue suisse de Zoologie 114(3): 441-469. 
Lienhard, C. & Smithers, C. N. 2002. Psocoptera (Insecta): World Catalogue and Bibliography. 

Instrumenta Biodiversitatis (Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Genève) 5: xli+745 pp. 
Lienhard, C, Holusa, O. & Grafitti, G. 2010. Two new cave-dwelling Prionoglarididae from 

Venezuela and Namibia (Psocodea: 'Psocoptera': Trogiomorpha). Revue suisse de 

Zoologie 117(2): 185-197. (= Lienhardétf al., 2010a). 
Lienhard, C, Oliveira do Carmo, T. & Lopes Ferreira, R. 2010. A new genus of Sensitibillini 
• from Brazilian caves (Psocodea: 'Psocoptera': Prionoglarididae). Revue suisse de 

Zoologie 117(4): 611-635. (= Lienhard étal, 2010b). 
Sellnick, M. 1960. Oribatei (Nachtrag). Tierwelt Mitteleuropas 3 (Lief. 4): 45-134. 
Slifer, E. H. & Sekhon, S. S. 1977. Sensé organs on the antennal flagellum of psocids (Insecta, 

Psocoptera). Journal of Morphology 151(3): 315-323. 
Weidner, H. 1993. Bestimmungstabellen der Vorratsschàdlinge und des Hausungeziefers 

: Mitteleuropas. 5th rev. ed. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, XI + 328 pp. 
Wuest, J. 1996. L'appareil à phéromone d'Argynnis paphia et de Mesoacidalia aglaja mâles 
■ (Lépidoptères, Nymphalides) en microscopie électronique à balayage. Bulletin romand 

d'entomologie 14: 47-56. 
Yoshizawa, K. & Johnson, K. P. 2006. Morphology of maie genitalia in lice and their relatives 

and phylogenetic implications. Systematic Entomology 31: 350-361. 
Yoshizawa, K., Lienhard, C. & Johnson, K. P. 2006. Molecular systematics of the suborder 

Trogiomorpha (Insecta: Psocodea: 'Psocoptera'). Zoological Journal of the Linnean 

Society 146: 287-299. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 1 1 8 (2): 307-3 1 8; juin 20 1 1 



Centrorhynchidae (Acanthocephala) including the description of 
new species of Centrorhynchus from birds from the Côte d'Ivoire, 
Africa. 

Lesley R. SMALES 

Parasitology Section, South Australian Muséum, North Terrace, Adelaide 5000 South 
Australia, Australia. Email: l.warner@cqu.edu.au 

Centrorhynchidae (Acanthocephala) including the description of new 
species of Centrorhynchus from birds from the Côte d'Ivoire, Africa. - 

Centrorhynchidae, including Centrorhynchus chabaudi, Golvan, 1958, and 
two new species C. mariauxi and C. halcyonicola are reported from the 
Côte d'Ivoire, for the first time. The new species are distinguished from 
congenerics by a combination of proboscis armature and the morphometrics 
of the maie reproductive System. 

Keywords: Parasite - Acanthocephala - Centrorhynchus - Africa - Côte 
d'Ivoire - birds - Accipiter - Halcyon - Kaupifalco. 

INTRODUCTION 

The Centrorhynchidae (Palaeacanthocephala) is a cosmopolitan family 
occurring in birds and mammals and comprising three gênera; Centrorhynchus Van 
Cleave, 1916, usually found in raptores, Sphaerirostris Golvan, 1956, usually found in 
passerines (Corvidae and Turdidae) and Neolacunisoma Amin & Canaris, 1997 found 
in shorebirds (Golvan, 1956, 1960, 1994; Amin & Canaris, 1997). Centrorhynchus is a 
large genus of about 90 known species (Golvan, 1994, Richardson & Nickol, 1995; 
Khan et al, 2001, 2002a; Bhattacharya, 2003; Bilqees & Khan, 2005; Ghazi et al., 
2005; Lunaschi & Drago, 2010). The exact number of valid species in the genus is 
difficult to détermine because the literature is confounded by many synonymies and 
misidentifications, some yet to be resolved. The species of Centrorhynchus described 
by Khan et al. (2002b) from a house crow, for example, may on further examination 
be found to belong in the genus Sphaerirostris. Eleven species, including 
Centrorhynchus chabaudi Golvan, 1958, C. gendre'u Golvan, 1957, C. globocaudatus 
(Zeder, 1800) and C. milvus Ward, 1956 from West Africa, have been reported from the 
African continent (Ward, 1956; Golvan, 1957, 1958; Dimitrova & Gibson, 2005). No 
centrorhynchids have been reported as yet from the Republic of the Côte d'Ivoire. 

Between 1985 and 1988, during the course of a Ph D project of Dr J. Mariaux 
to study the cestode parasites of the birds of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, an 
incidental collection of Acanthocephala from 22 species representing 15 families of 
birds was made. Within this collection three bird species were infected, one with C. 
chabaudi and two with new species of Centrorhynchus . In this paper a redescription of 
C. chaubaudi, with new host records and géographie locations documented, is given 
and the new species of Centrorhynchus are described. 



Manuscript accepted 1 1 .10.2010 



308 



L. R. SMALES 



MATERIALS AND METHODS 

The birds examinée! included 8 individuals of 3 species from 2 families. The 
collection localities of hosts from vvhich Centrorhynchus spp. were dissected, vvith the 
number of hosts examined in parenthèses were as follows: 

Halcyon malimbica forbesi (Shavv, 1811) from Korhogo 9° 27'N 4°03'W and Lamto 

Research Station 6° 13'N 5°00'W (5); 
Kaupifalco m. monogrammicus (Temminck, 1824) from Lamto 6° 13'N 5°00'W (2); 
Accipiter badins sphenuris Gmelin, 1788 from Lamto 6° 13'N 5° 00'W (1). 

On dissection ail spécimens were fixed with neutral buffered 4% formalin and 
stored in 75% ethanol. Before microscopic examination ail spécimens were cleared in 
lactophenol or beechwood créosote to be studied as wet mounts. Ail measurements 
were taken using an eyepiece micrometer and are given in micrometers unless other- 
wise stated. Figures were drawn with the aid of a drawing tube. 

Golvan's (1994) review of the Acanthocephala has been used as the foundation 
source for listing the valid species of Centrorhynchus supplemented by information 
from ail the more récent publications. Ail spécimens collected for this study are 
registered in the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. Geneva, Switzerland (MHNG). 

RESULTS 

The three species of Centrorhynchus found are given in Table 1. Thèse ail 
represent new host and locality records. Comparative measurements of ail the species 
of Centrorhynchus known to occur in West Africa are given in Table 2. 



Table l. Acanthocephala from three bird hosts from the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa, 
collected between 9.02.1987 and 13.02.1987. 



Host 


Host field no. 


Locality 


Centrorhynchidae 


Accipitridae 








Accipiter badins 


CI 618 


Lamto 


Centrorhynchus chabaudi 


Kaupifalco monogrammicus 


CI 586 


Lamto 


Centrorhynchus mariauxi 


Alcedinidae 








Halcyon malimbica 


CI 625 


Lamto 


Centrorhynchus halcyonicola 




CI 519 


Korhogo 


Centrorhynchus halcyonicola 



Table II Comparative measurements of Centrorhynchus spp. from West Africa: data from Dimitrova 



C. chaubadi C. gendrei C. globocaudatus 





maie 


female 


maie 


female 


maie 


Trunk length mm 


il 


48 


46 


84 


22 


Neck length 


150 


450 






500 


Proboscis length 


884 


1350 


800 


1300 


1030 


rows hooks 


30-34 




38-40 




30-32 


hooks per row 


17-23 




34-40 




20-21 


true hooks thorn length 


55-96 




38-84 




45-67.5 


Proboscis réceptacle length 


2250 


2200 


1500 




1400 


Lemnsci length 


2900 


3400 


2000-2500 




2100 


Testes 


935x425 




350x 160 




820x440 




1020x408 




400x120 




900x450 


Cernent glands mm 


11.4 




29 




12.6 


Génital apparatus female. length 




2000 




2000 




Egg 




60x23 




30-35x20-22 





NEW SPEC1ES OF CENTRORHY NCHUS FROM THE CÔTE D* IVOIRE 



309 



Centrorhy nchus chabaudi Golvan, 1958 Figs 1-4 

Material examined: One maie, one immature female from Accipiter badins Gmelin, 
1788, small intestine; Côte d'Ivoire, Lamto, 12.02.1987, J. Mariaux (MNHG INVE 38488). 

Description 

General: Trunk spineless, elongate, sub cylindrical, dilated anteriorly in région 
of lemnisci and proboscis réceptacle. Proboscis in 2 parts, widest anterior to 
constriction, constriction at insertion of proboscis réceptacle about 55-63% of distance 
from apex to proboscis base. Proboscis armed vvith 30-34 rows 15-22 hooks and 
spines. Anterior 4-5 hooks with large simple roots, next 5-6 hooks transitional vvith 
short roots with luniform- cresentic manubria, next 6-11 hooks spiniform, inserted on 
posterior part of proboscis, the more anterior of thèse with small, roughly triangular 
shaped roots. Neck spineless, well defined, shorter than broad. Proboscis réceptacle 
double walled. Lemnisci tubular, inserted at base of neck, extend posteriorly beyond 
proboscis réceptacle. Cérébral ganglion located at mid région of proboscis réceptacle, 
just posterior to neck. Principal canals of lacunar System latéral, connected by trans- 
verse anastomoses. 

Maie: based on one spécimen. Trunk 22 mm long, 1200 at widest part. Pro- 
boscis total length 884, greatest width 340, just anterior to constriction; posterior part 
374 long. Hooks I-V thorns 55-80 long, hooks V-XI thorns 40-50 long, spines X-XXII 
20-40 long. Neck 150 long, 374 wide at base. Proboscis réceptacle 2250 long, 350 
wide; lemnisci 2900 long. Testes oval, tandem, not contiguous, 0.5mm apart; anterior 
testis, 3.06 mm from anterior end of trunk, 935 long, 425 wide; posterior testis 1020 
long, 408 wide. Cernent glands elongate, tubular, begin immediately posterior to 
posterior testis, 11.4 mm long; number not determined; cernent ducts elongated, 2805 
long; Saefftigen's pouch and retracted bursa 2210 long; entire maie System occupying 
about 86% trunk length. 

Female: based on 1 immature female. Trunk 15 mm long, dilated anterior 
portion 3060 long, 510 wide, main trunk 255 wide. Proboscis partially inverted about 
910 long, greatest width 400, just anterior to constriction; posterior part 370 long. 

et al, 1995, Golvan, 1956, 1957, 1958; Ward, 1956; Dimitrova & Gibson, 2005; and this study. 



C. milvus C. mariaux C. halcyonicola 



female 


maie 


female 


maie 


female 


maie 


20-21 


12-20 


24-48 


25 


70+ 


20 


600-800 


150 




300 






1110-1130 


800-1000 


1100-1200 


605 


780 


640 


36-38 


28-38 




34-36 




38-40 


18 


18-26 




15-19 




14-17 


41-60 


35-50 




20-25.5 




40-45 


1100-1200 


1300-1350 


1600 


1360 


1400-2200 


1370 




1800 


2800 


1273 


1615 


1530 




800x300 




525x268 




40x340 




1100x500 




556x275 




510x290 




5-10 




17.5 




14 


2440 




1000 

45-50x20-24 




2000 
45x22 





310 



L. R. SMALES 




FlGS 1-5 

Centrorhynchus chabaudi Golvan, 1958. (1) Maie anterior end. (2) Maie proboscis showing 
armature. (3) Maie anterior and transitional hooks. (4) Maie posterior end. (5) Maie spiniform 
hooks. Scale bars: 1 , 4, 750 pim; 2, 200/*m; 3, 50 pim; 5, 10 //m. 

Hooks V-VII 30-40 long, spines 20-26. Neck 135 long by 400 wide. Proboscis 
réceptacle 1020 long, 205 wide; lemnisci 3400 long. Génital apparatus not observed, 
no mature eggs seen. Génital pore sub terminal. 

Comments: Centrorhynchus chabaudi was described by Golvan (1958) from 
two female worms up to 48mm long, main trunk 1000 wide, with a proboscis armature 
of 30-34 longitudinal rows of 15-16 hooks. The proboscis was 1350 long and 650 wide 
just anterior to the constriction and 700 wide at the base, with the neck 850 long by 450 
wide. Hooks I-V thorns 55-96 long, hooks VI-X thorns 57-67 long, spines XVI 36 
long. Neck 450 long, 850 wide at base. The proboscis réceptacle was 2200 long by 400 



NEW SPECIES OF CENTRORHY NCHUS FROM THE CÔTE D IVOIRE 



311 



wide and the lemnisci about 2000 long. Golvan (1958) also described the female 
génital apparatus (utérine bell to génital pore, 2000 long, génital pore sub terminal, at 
base of distinct terminal digitiform process) and eggs (oval, external shell thickened, 
sculptured vvith longitudinal ridges and grooves, 60 long, 23 wide). 

The type host Gyps africanus (Salvadore, 1865) was given as Pseudogyps afri- 
canus, the white backed vulture, collected from Nioro du Sahel in 'the Sudan.' This 
locality is a town in the Kayes Région of the Republic of Mali bordering on the Côte 
d'Ivoire to the south. There have been no further records of C. chabaudi since then. 

The two spécimens, both the maie and the immature female, from A. badins 
from Lamto in the Côte d'Ivoire conformed to the description given by Golvan (1958) 
as to gênerai body shape and the proportions of the proboscis and lemnisci and in 
particular to the proportions and shapes of the proboscis hooks and spines. The pro- 
boscis armature varied only in the number of spines in each row. The number of spines 
on the spécimens examined by Golvan (1958) is not clear. He describes the proboscis 
armature as having a total of 15 or 16 hooks, which would give 6- 7 spines per row. In 
his figure 4, however, a total of 17 hooks is shown. This would suggest 6-8 spines for 
the spécimens from Nioro du Sahel compared with the 10-11 spines for the spécimens 
from Lamto. This variation in number of spines can be accommodated as either indi- 
vidual variation (only four worms having been examined in total) or perhaps host 
induced variation. The finding of a maie spécimen of C. chabaudi has enabled the 
préparation of a more complète description of the species. The number of cernent 
glands, however, three or four, could not be determined from the whole mount of the 
maie and there was no other spécimen that could be dissected to confirm the number. 

Centrorhynchus mariauxi sp. n. Figs 5-13 

Material examined: Holotype maie, paratypes, 8 pièces maies, 2 females without 
proboscis, 4 pièces females from Kaupifalco m. monogrammicus (Temminck, 1824) small 
intestine; Côte d'Ivoire, Lamto, 9.02.1987, J. Mariaux (MNHG INVE 38486, INVE 69971). 
Pre valence: 50%. 

DESCRIPTION 

General: Trunk, spineless, elongate, cylindrical, female dilated posteriorly from 
about 500 to about 1500 above posterior end. Proboscis in 2 parts with constriction at 
insertion of proboscis réceptacle, about 45% of distance from apex to proboscis base; 
anterior proboscis sub spherical. Proboscis armed with 34-36 rows 15-19 hooks. 
Anterior 2-3 hooks with large simple roots, thorns 20-25.5 (maie) long; next 4-5 hooks 
transitional, having short roots with luniform- cresentic manubria, thorns 25.5- 44 
(maie) long; 9-11 spiniform hooks inserted on posterior part of proboscis posterior to 
constriction, thorns 20-40 (maie) long. Neck spineless, well defined, shorter than 
broad. Proboscis réceptacle double walled. Lemnisci tubular, inserted at base of neck, 
extend posteriorly beyond proboscis réceptacle. Cérébral ganglion located at mid 
région of proboscis réceptacle, just posterior to neck. Principal canals of lacunar 
System latéral, connected by trans verse anastomoses. 

Maie: based on one intact spécimen. Trunk 25 mm long, 1200 at widest part. 
Proboscis total length 605, greatest width 368; posterior part 335 long 315 wide. Neck 



312 L. R. SMALES 




FlGS 6-13 

Centrorhynchus mariauxi n. sp. (6) Holotype maie, proboscis showing armature. (7) Holotype 
maie, anterior, transitional and spiniform hooks. (8) Holotype maie anterior end. (9) Female 
posterior and showing ovejector. (10) Egg. (11) Holotype maie, posterior end showing bursa. 
(12) Female posterior end latéral view. (13) Female posterior end dorsal view. Scale bars: 6, 9, 
200//m; 7a, 35/im; 7b, 18//m; 8, 11, 1mm; 10, 15//m; 12, 13, 500// m. 



NEW SPECIES OF CENTR OR HYNCHUS FROM THE CÔTE DM VOIR F 



313 



300 long, 400 wide. Proboscis réceptacle 1360 long, 235 wide; lemnisci 1273 long. 
Testes oval, tandem, not contiguous 1.1mm apart; anterior testis, 3.00 mm from 
anterior end of trunk, 529 long, 268 wide; posterior testis 556 long, 275 wide. Cernent 
glands, 3, elongate, tubular, begin immediately posterior to end of posterior testis, 17.5 
mm long; cernent ducts elongated, 1800 long; Saefftigen's pouch 1250 long; entire 
maie System occupying about 88% trunk length. 

Female: based on anterior end one spécimen, posterior end one spécimen and 
longest pièce. Trunk longer than 70mm, main trunk 500-600 wide, dilated posterior 
part 700-900 wide. Proboscis total length, 780 greatest width 390, posterior part 420 
long 350 wide. Proboscis réceptacle 1400-2200 long, 290-400 wide; lemnisci 1615 
long. Génital apparatus, utérine bell to génital pore, 2000 long. Génital pore sub 
terminal. Eggs oval, external shell smooth, thick, 45 long, 22 wide. 

Comments: Centrorhynchus mariauxi n. sp. conforms to the diagnosis of the 
genus given by Golvan (1956, 1960). In his examination of the morphological 
characters available in the family for systematic analysis those of the proboscis arma- 
ture, the number of longitudinal rows of hooks, the number of hooks in each row and 
the dimensions of the thorns and roots of the hooks were the most useful. Further he 
determined that the number of hooks per row was the most stable of thèse characters 
(Golvan 1956). Accordingly he subdivided the genus Centrorhynchus into 3 groups; 
those species with less than 30 longitudinal rows of hooks, those with 30-40 rows and 
those with more than 40 rows of hooks. With a proboscis armature of more than 30 
rows C. mariauxi falls into Group 2 (Golvan 1956). The hook formula of 34-36 longi- 
tudinal rows of 15-19 hooks comprising 6-8 hooks with roots and 9-11 spiniform hooks 
distinguishes it from ail other species in that group. Since then about 50 valid species 
of Centrorhynchus have been added to the genus including 20 species that have 
between 30 and 40 longitudinal rows of hooks. 

Species known to occur in continental Africa that have a proboscis armature of 
30-40 rows of hooks include C. chabaudi, from the Sudan and now the Côte d'Ivoire, 
C. gendrei from the Republic of Guinea, C. milvus from Egypt and Sénégal, C. clito- 
rideus (Meyer, 1931) from Egypt, C. globocaudatus from Egypt and West Africa, C. 
polemati Troncy, 1970 from Chad and C. undulatus Dollfus, 1951 from Morocco. Of 
thèse only C. chabaudi with 17-24, C. milvus with 18-21 and C. undulatus with 21 
have a similar number of hooks per row. C. chabaudi can be distinguished by having 
5-6 anterior hooks with longer thorns, 55-96 compared with 20-25 for C. mariauxi and 
small triangular roots on the anterior-most rows of spiniform hooks. The lemnisci of 
C. mariauxi are shorter and the testes smaller, further apart and more posterior than 
those of C. chabaudi (see Golvan, 1957 and this study). C. milvus differs from C. ma- 
riauxi in the hook pattern and proboscis length; 8-9 hooks with large roots, 5-6 trans- 
itional hooks and 5-6 spines on a longer proboscis, 0.8-1. 19mm, compared with 2-3 
large, 4-5 transitional and 9-11 spiniform hooks on a shorter proboscis, 0.61-0.77 
(Ward, 1956; Dimitrova & Gibson 2005). The description of C. undulatus (females 
only) is brief. The only measurements are of the trunk, 15-18 mm, much shorter than 
for female C. mariauxi which are longer than 70 mm. Comparison of text and figures 
for C. undulatus suggests that the proboscis was about 1mm long with an armature of 



314 



L. R. SMALES 



21 hooks per row comprising 6 with large simple roots, thorns about 35-45 long, 3 
transitional forms and 12 spiniform hooks (Dollfus, 1951). Thèse différences seem 
sufficient to distinguish the two species. Comparative measurements for the west 
African species are given in table 2. 

There are 12 known extra- limitai species with 30-40 longitudinal rows of 
hooks: namely C. bethaniae George & Nadakal, 1987, C. brygooi Golvan, 1965, 
C. conspectus Van Cleave & Pratt, 1940, C. crotophagicola Schmidt & Neiland, 1966, 
C. fukiensis, Wang 1966, C. guira Lunaschi & Drago, 2010, C. hagiangensis 
Petrochenko & Phan, 1969, C. kuntzi Schmidt & Neiland, 1966, C. madagascarensis 
(Golvan, 1957), C. nicaraguaensis Schmidt & Neiland, 1966, Centrorhynchus cf poly- 
morphus Travassos, 1926, C. undulatus (Nitzsch in Giebel, 1886) (see Dollfus 1951; 
Golvan 1957, 1965, 1994; Hartwich 1956; Schmidt & Neiland 1966;Wang 1966, 
George & Nadakal 1987; Richardson & Nickol 1995; Dimitrova et al. 1997; Dimitrova 
& Gibson 2005; Lunaschi & Drago, 2010). None of the species listed, however, has a 
similar hook pattern to that of C. mariauxi with as few as 2-3 true hooks in each row. 

The most similar extra-limital species is C. conspectus Van Cleave & Pratt, 
1940 which has 28-38 rows of 16 -19 hooks of which 4-5 have long simple roots and 
12-15 are spiniform, but differs from C. mariauxi in having no transitional hooks 
(Richardson & Nickol 1995). Other species with a similar total number of proboscis 
hooks differ in numbers and sizes of each hook form. For example C. nicaraguensis 
has 39 rows of 17 hooks but no transitional hooks; and C. crotophagicola has 32-35 
rows of 15-17 hooks, but differs in having 8-9 hooks with long simple roots and 
7-9 hooks with manubria (Schmidt & Neiland, 1966). 

C. acanthotrias (Linstow, 1883) was assigned to C. buteonis by Meyer (1932, 
see Yamaguti 1963), listed as Echinorhynchus s. I. by Petrochenko (1985) and under 
gênera incertae sedis by Yamaguti (1963) and Amin (1985). Ne ver the less the species 
was noted by Petrochenko (1958) as 'obvious that it belongs to the Centrorhynchinae 
or even Centrorhynchus' and listed as a valid species by Golvan (1994). However the 
description is incomplète. Having 33-40 longitudinal rows of hooks the most anterior 
ones with straight roots, the médian ones with bifurcated roots and the posterior ones 
with simple roots (Petrochenko 1958) C. acanthotrias may also be similar to C. ma- 
riauxi. 

Centrorhynchus halcyonicola sp. n. Figs 14-17 

Material examined: Holotype maie from HalCyon malimbica (Shaw, 1811) small 
intestine; Côte d'Ivoire, Korhogo, 27.01 .1987, J. Mariaux (MNHG INVE 38485). - 1 maie, pro- 
boscis missing and 1 pièce maie from H. malimbica small intestine; Côte d'Ivoire, Lamto, 
13.02.1987, J. Mariaux (MNHG INVE 38490). Prevalence: 40 %. 

Description 

General: Trunk, spineless, elongate, cylindrical. Proboscis in 2 parts with 
constriction at insertion of proboscis réceptacle about half way between apex and pro- 
boscis base, anterior part sub cylindrical. Proboscis armed with 38-40 rows 14-17 
hooks. Anterior 2-3 hooks with large simple roots, thorns 40-40.5 long; next 2-3 hooks 
transitional, having laterally directed manubria, thorns 25- 30 long; next 2 hooks tran - 



NEW SPECIES OF CENTR OR HYNCH US FROM THE CÔTE D' IVOIRE 



315 




Figs 14-17 

Centrorhynchus halcyonicola n. sp. (14) Holotype maie, anterior end. (15) Holotype maie, 
anterior transitional and spiniform hooks. (16) Holotype maie, proboscis showing armature. (17) 
Holotype maie, posterior end, bursa not everted. Scale bars: 14, 17, 500//m; 15, 20/*m; 16, 
80//m. 

sitional with anteriorly directed manubria, thorns 40 long; 8-9 spiniform hooks inserted 
on posterior part of proboscis posterior to constriction, thorns 20-40 long. Neck spine- 
less, not well defined. Proboscis réceptacle double walled. Lemnisci tubular, inserted 
at base of neck, extend posteriorly beyond proboscis réceptacle. Cérébral ganglion 
located at mid région of proboscis réceptacle. Principal canals of lacunar System 
latéral, connected by trans verse anastomoses. 

Maie: measurements taken from holotype. Trunk 20 mm long, 400 at vvidest 
part. Proboscis total length 640, greatest width 335; posterior part 335 long 268 vvide. 



316 



L. R. SMALES 



Proboscis réceptacle 1370 long 205 wide; lemnisci 1530 long. Testes oval, tandem, 
close together, not contiguous 150 apart; anterior testis, 1.8 mm from anterior end of 
trunk, 440 long, 340 wide; posterior testis 510 long, 290 wide. Cernent glands, 3, elon- 
gate, tubular, begin posterior to posterior testis, 14 mm long; cernent ducts elongated, 
1955 long; Saefftigen's pouch and infolded bursa 1105 long; entire maie System occu- 
pying about 85% trunk length. 

Comments: Although only maie spécimens were available for examination they 
were sufficiently distinctive to allow differentiation from ail other species of Centro- 
rhynchus. Despite the proboscis being slightly inverted in the only intact spécimen the 
total length and hook formula could be calculated by observing the clearly visible 
inverted portion of the proboscis. Centrorhynchus halcyonicola sp. n. with a proboscis 
armature of 38-40 rows of 14-17 hooks falls within the same group as C. mariauxi as 
discussed above. Within that group C. halcyonicola is closest to C. mariauxi which has 
34-36 rows of 15-20 hooks, 2-4 of which are hooks with large simple roots. The shapes 
of the roots of the transitional hooks of C. halcyonicola, however differ from those of 
C. mariauxi (figs 7, 15), the thorns of the anterior hooks are longer in C. halcyonicola, 
40-40.5 compared with 20-25.5 and there are fewer spines. Centroryhnchus halcyoni- 
cola further differs from C. mariauxi in the size of the testes, larger in C. halcyonicola, 
and the proportions of the maie System, the testes being placed more anteriorly and 
closer together in C. halcyonicola. 

Similarly C. halcyonicola differs from ail other species known from Africa as 
discussed above for C. mariauxi. 

The proboscis hook morphology of C. halcyonicola is similar to that described 
for C. alcuonis (Millier, 1780) from Asio atus, Linneaus, 1758, the long eared owl and 
Strix aluco Linneaus, 1758, the tawny owl from Hungary by Dimitrova et al. (1995), 
particularly in regard to the shapes of the roots of the anterior and transitional hooks. 
The armature differs, however, in the number of rows of hooks, 38-40 compared with 
28 and C. alcuonis further differs in the size of the proboscis réceptacle, 1370 
compared with 1450-1800 and the proportions of the maie System (Dimitrova et al., 
1995). Both owl species also occur in North Africa supporting the possibility that there 
could be a link between the two species of Centrorhynchus . 

DISCUSSION 

The hosts and distribution of C. chabaudi have been extended in this study to 
include another West African country, the Republic of the Côte d'Ivoire, and accipitrid 
host, A. badius. The finding of two new species in the Côte d'Ivoire increases the 
number of species of Centrorhynchus known from West Africa from four, C. chabaudi 
from A. badius and Gyps africanus, C. gendrei from K. monogrammicus as Asturinula 
monogrammica, C. milvus from Milvus migrans (Boddart, 1783) and Lamprophis 
fuliginosus (Boie, 1827) as Boaedon fidiginosus and C. globocaudatus from Falco 
ardosiaceus Viellot, 1823, to six. Five of thèse species can easily be distinguished by 
différences in the armature of the proboscis (Golvan, 1956, 1957, 1958; Dimitrova & 
Gibson, 2005) as well as host species. The sixth, C. gendrei, occurs in the same host, 
K. monogrammicus, as C. mariauxi but differs in proboscis armature and morpho - 
metrics (Golvan, 1958). 



NEW SPECIES OF CENTR ORHYN CHUS FROM THE CÔTE D' IVOIRE 



317 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

My thanks to Prof. Mariaux for giving access to the spécimens and for hospita- 
lity in Geneva. 

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rhynchus conspectus, and a key to the species. Journal of Parasitology 81: 767-772. 

Schmidt, G. D. & Neiland, K. A. 1966. Helminth fauna of Nicaragua. III. Some Acanthocephala 
of birds, including three new species of Centrorhynchus. Journal of Parasitology 52: 
739-745. 

Wang, P. C. 1966. Notes on Acanthocephala from Fukien. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica: 3 14-18. 
Ward, H. L. 1956. A new species of Centrorhynchus (Acanthocephala) from the kite Milvus 

migrans in Egypt. tournai of Parasitology 41: 39-42. 
Yamaguti, S. 1963. Acanthocephala. Vol V Systema Helminthum. Interscience, New York. 

423 pp. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 319-327; juin 2011 



Heptapterus mbya (Silurif ormes: Heptapteridae), a new species of 
catfish from the Paranâ river bas in, in Argentina 

Maria de las Mercedes AZPELICUETA 1 , Gaston AGUILERA 2 
& Juan Marcos MIRANDE 3 

1 Division Zoologia Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque, 

1900 La Plata, Argentina. E-mail: azpeli@fcnym.unlp.edu.ar 
2 CONICET-Fundaci6n Miguel Lillo, Miguel Lillo 251 , 

4000 San Miguel de Tucumân, Argentina. E-mail: aguileragaston@gmail.com 
3 CONICET-Fundaciôn Miguel Lillo, Miguel Lillo 251, 

4000 San Miguel de Tucumân, Argentina. E-mail: mcmirande@gmail.com 

Heptapterus mbya (Silurif ormes: Heptapteridae), a new species of 
catfish from the Paranâ river basin, in Argentina. - We describe a new 
species of heptapterid catfish of the genus Heptapterus from the streams 
Cuna-Piru, Azul, and Moreno, in the province of Misiones, Argentina. 
Heptapterus mbya sp. n. is distinguished from ail other congeners by dark 
plumbeous body and a low number of anal-fin rays that are branched 
(11-12) out of a total number of 15-17 anal fin rays, a large eye (13.8- 
17.9 % of HL), prepectoral distance 31.9-37.8 % of SL, distance between 
the last dorsal-fin ray and the adipose-fin origin 5.24-8.33 % of SL, adipose- 
fin base 47.4-58.5 % of SL, 13 principal caudal-fin rays, and 10-13 gill 
rakers on the first arch. 

Keywords: new Heptapterus - Southernmost South America - Neotropical 
ichthyofauna 

INTRODUCTION 

The genus Heptapterus is distributed throughout the rivers and streams of 
southernmost South America. The type species of the genus is H. mustelinus originally 
collected in the Rio de la Plata, as cited by Valenciennes in 1835. In this paper we 
describe a new species, Heptapterus mbya sp. n., collected from the streams Azul, 
Moreno, and Cuna-Piru in the Province of Misiones, Argentina. Heptapterus mbya 
sp. n. is a new endémie heptapterid catfish species to be added to the ichthyofauna of 
the Cuna-Piru Valley. The Cuna-Piru stream is located inside the Parque Provincial 
Salto Encantado and traverses the deep Cuna-Piru Valley, eventually empting into the 
Paranâ. The Azul and Moreno streams are the very headwaters of Garuhapé stream, an 
affluent of the Paranâ. The Parque Provincial Salto Encantado and the Cuna-Piru 
Valley comprise 13.227 ha in the middle of Misiones and constitute a protected area 
where man-made transformations of the environment are minimal. Some endémie 
species from the area have been described, such as the characiforms Astyanax tupi 
Azpelicueta, Mirande, Almirôn & Casciotta and A. troya Azpelicueta & Casciotta, 
Almiron and the freshwater catfish Rhamdella cainguae Bockmann & Miquelarena. 



Manuscript acceptedOl .03.201 1 



320 



M. M. AZPELICUETA £T /IL. 



MATERIAL AND METHODS 

The measurements, following Aguilera et al. (2011), are straight-line distances 
made with a caliper down to nearest 0.1 mm. The vertébral count includes the éléments 
of the Weberian complex and the compound preural+ural centra counted as one. The 
proportions are expressed as percentages of standard length (SL), head length (HL), or 
otherwise as indicated. Spécimens were cleared and counterstained following Taylor 
and Van Dyke (1985). Multivariate analysis was perfomed with SPSS version 1997 in 
order to detect significant variables that can be used to distinguish H. mbya sp. n. from 
H. mustelinus. 

Institutional acronyms follow Fricke & Eschmeyer (2010), with the exception 
of ZVC-P (Zoologfa de Vertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias, Montevideo). 

Comparative material: Heptapterus mustelinus (Valenciennes, 1835): MACN 
359, 1 ex., 190.0 mm SL, Rio de la Plata, in Olivos; MACN 2050, 1 ex., 120.0 mm SL, 
Rio de la Plata, without précise locality; MACN 3370, 3 ex., 115.0-137.2 mm SL, Rio 
de la Plata, in Vicente Lopez; MACN 6187, 9 ex., 88.4-234.0 mm SL, Rio de la Plata 
in Buenos Aires, Obras Sanitarias. Ail from Uruguay, Rio de la Plata basin: ZVC-P 
304, 3 ex., 146.0-169.0 mm SL, Departamento (Dep.) Canelones, rio Mosquito; ZVC- 
P 3422, 10 ex., 68.1-144.8 mm SL, Dep. Florida, arroyo Milano, affluent of rio Santa 
Lucfa; ZVC-P 3874, 2 ex., 46.3-96.0 SL, Dep. Maldonado, arroyo Espinoso; ZVC-P 
4147, 3 ex., 48.6-61.2 mm SL, Dep. Colonia, rio San Juan; ZVC-P 5633, 4 ex., 116.2- 
128.6 mm SL, Dep. Montevideo, rio Santa Lucfa, canada del Dragon in rio de las 
Piedras. Heptapterus qenqo: Ail from Argentina, in Tucumân: AI 248, 1 ex. C&S, 
121.8 mm SL, Dep. Juan Bautista Alberdi, rio Chavarria; AI 252, 3 ex., 107.3-178.9 
mm SL, Dep. Trancas, rio Vfpos, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3954, holotype, 183.5 mm 
SL, Dep. Trancas, rio Rearte, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3955, 1 ex., 213.1 mm SL, Dep. 
Monteras, rio Los Sosa, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3956, 1 ex. C&S, 168.9 mm SL, Dep. 
Burruyacu, rio Medina, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3957, 1 ex. C&S, 121.8 mm SL, Dep. 
Juan Bautista Alberdi, rio Chavarria; CI-FML 3958, 2 ex., 95.0-107.0 mm SL, Dep. 
Burruyacu, rio Medina, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3959, 2 ex., 123.1-140.2 mm SL, Dep. 
Trancas, rio Choromoro, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3960, 1 ex., 106.6 mm SL, Dep. 
Trancas, rio Choromoro, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3961, 1 ex., 123.5 mm SL, Dep. 
Chicligasta, rio Cochuna, rio Sali basin; CI-FML 3962, 1 ex., 67.3 mm SL, Dep. 
Trancas, rio Vfpos, rio Sali. Heptapterus stewarti Haseman, 1911: FMNH 54234, ho- 
lotype, photographed by M. Littman. Heptapterus sympterygium Buckup, 1988: 
MZUSP 19179, holotype, photographed by E. Baena. Images have been examined 
from the Ail Catfish Species image base (Morris, Yager & Sabaj, 2010). 

RESULTS 

Heptapterus mbya, sp. n. Figs. 1-3, Tables 1, 2 

Holotype: CI-FML 4008, 136.0 mm SL, Argentina, Misiones, rio Paranâ basin, arroyo 
Moreno at Ruta Provincial 202 (26° 54' 24" S-54° 54' 50" W) headwaters of arroyo Garuhapé, 
October 21 , 2004, M. Azpelicueta, D. Aichino, D. Méndez (Fig. 1). 

Paratypes: Ail spécimens corne from Argentina, province of Misiones. AI 247, 4 ex. 
(1 C&S), 88.0-116.5 mm SL, arroyo Azul (200 m downstream from Puente Quemado, 27° 00' 
46" S-54° 57' 06" W), October 21 , 2004, M. Azpelicueta, D. Aichino, D. Méndez; AI 269, 2 ex., 



NEW CATFISH F 'ROM THE PARANÂ RIVER 



321 



85.0-116.3 mm SL, arroyo Cuna-Piru (26° 30' 20" S-54° 48' 03" W), March 10, 2005, M. 
Azpelicueta; CI-FML 4009, 2 ex., 136.6-165.8 mm SL, same collecting data; CI-FML 4010, 2 
ex., 126.8-136.6 mm SL, arroyo Azul (27° 00' 46" S-54° 57' 06" W), October 21 2004, coll. M. 
Azpelicueta, D. Aichino, D. Méndez. MHNG 2722.092, 4 ex., 85-129.4 mm SL, same collecting 
data. 

Diagnosis: Heptapterus mbya sp. n. is distinguished from other species of the 
genus by the following combination of characters: adipose and caudal fins confluent, 
largest spécimen less than 170 mm SL (maximum length 166.0 mm), dark plumbeous 
body, low number of anal-fin rays that are branched (11-12) out of a total number of 
15-17 anal fin rays, a large eye 13.8-17.9 % of HL, prepectoral distance 31.9-37.8 % 
of SL, distance between last dorsal-fin ray and adipose-fin origin 5.24-8.33 % of SL, 
adipose-fin base 47.4-58.5 % of SL, 10-13 gill rakers on first branchial arch, 13 prin- 
cipal branched caudal rays, and 56-58 vertebrae. Heptapterus qenqo (Aguilera et al., 
2011) has the same number of anal-fin rays but it is distinguished by the présence of 
rudimentary serrae at base of the pectoral-fin spine (absent in H. mbya sp. n.). 

Description: Morphometric data of the holotype and 14 paratypes are pre- 
sented in Table 1. Heptapterus mbya sp. n. has a maximum of 166.0 mm SL (Figs. 1, 
2). The body is covered by a deep layer of mucus; numerous sensory pits (pit organs) 
are distributed ail over the body and fins. There are rare minute black soft structures, 
very fine, spiniform, embedded in soft tissues of the caudal fin, dorsal surface of 
pectoral and pelvic fins of females and maies, independent of body size but with low 
number in young spécimens. Spine-like structures form parallel rows, specially notably 
on caudal membrane (Fig. 3). 

Dorsal profile of body nearly straight from snout tip to posterior région of head, 
scarcely convex from this point to dorsal-fin origin, straight from dorsal-fin origin to 
adipose-fin origin, then slightly tapering to end of caudal peduncle. Ventral profile 
slanting ventrally or straight from snout tip to pectoral-fin origin, straight or convex 
between pectoral and pelvic fins, straight between pelvic and anal fins, and scarcely 
slanting dorsally to end of caudal peduncle. Maximum body width at level of pectoral 
fins; posterior half of body increasingly laterally compressed to caudal peduncle. 
Maximum body depth at dorsal-fin origin, contained 8.2-10.2 times in SL. 

Head relatively small contained 4.9-6.2 times in SL; head dorsoventrally 
depressed (depth of head between eyes 2.3-2.9 times into HL; depth of head at supra- 
occipital 1 .8-2.2 into HL). Head covered by thick skin and a layer of mucus, head sur- 
face smooth with many sensory pits. Snout of moderate length (contained 2.6-3.0 in 
HL), rounded in dorsal view. Upper jaw scarcely projecting (projection 4.3-8.2 % of 
HL); premaxillary teeth covered by lower jaw when mouth closed. Anterior nostril 
with a very well developed tubular rim. Posterior nostrils preceded by large semi - 
circular membrane. Distance between posterior nostrils and eye shorter than internarial 
distance. Eye placed dorsally, covered by skin, small (its length 5.5-7.2 times in HL); 
interorbital relatively wide and straight, containing eye diameter 0.6-1.3 times (13.4- 
18.1 % of HL). Width of head at eye level 1 .3-1 .6 times into HL (71 .8-78.7 % of HL). 
Mouth subterminal, opening anteriorly, wide; lips thin. Premaxilla with slightly 
rounded posterolateral corners; its anteroposterior length 3.6-4.2 times in premaxillary 
width (6 spécimens measured). Ail teeth conical and fine, placed in 8-10 irregular rows 
in premaxilla, larger spécimens with more rows; 6-8 tooth rows on dentary at 



322 



M. M. AZPELICUETA ET AL. 




FlG. 1 

Heptapterus mbya sp. n., holotype, CI-FML 4008, 136.0 mm SL, latéral view. 




Fig. 2 

Heptapterus mbya sp. n., holotype, CI-FML 4008, 136.0 mm SL, dorsal view. 




Fig. 3 

Heptapterus mbya sp. n. Spiniform structures embedded on most superficial mucous layer of 
caudal fin. CI-FML 4008, détail of the holotype, 136.0 mm SL. Bar= 1 mm. 



NEW CATFISH FROM THE PARANÂ RIVER 



323 



Table 1 . Measurement data for Heptapterus mbya sp. n. expressed in percentages of the standard 
dimensions given above measurements. SL in mm. 





Holotype 


Mean 


Min 


Max 


■Manuaru. i x 11141 11 


1 jD.U 




xs n 


1 AS X 

1 OJ .ci 


Percent of SL 










Predorsal-fin length 


34.7 


34.5 


30.6 


37.1 


Preadipose-fin length 


50.8 


50.2 


43.4 


54.8 


Prepectoral-fin length 


17.6 


17.2 


15.0 


18.9 


Prepelvic-fin length 


35.7 


35.1 


31.9 


37.8 


Preanal-fin length 


58.8 


60.2 


55.2 


64.9 


Body depth at dorsal-fin origin 


12.9 


11.9 


8.8 


13.9 


Caudal peduncle depth 


6.3 


6.4 


5.8 


7.2 


Caudal peduncle length 


20.9 


20.6 


17.9 


24.2 


Head length 


19.1 


18.8 


16.1 


20.4 


Body width 


13.8 


13.9 


11.8 


15.4 


Second dorsal ray 


7.3 


7.8 


5.9 


9.4 


Second dorsal-fin ray 


9.6 


9.9 


7.6 


12.1 


Dorsal-fin base 


10.0 


9.4 


8.5 


10.0 


Last dorsal-fin ray to adipose-fin origin 


6.9 


6.9 


5.2 


8.3 


Adipose-fin length 


50.5 


51.3 


47.4 


58.5 


Adipose-fin depth 


3.6 


3.4 


2.9 


4.6 


First pectoral-fin ray 


10.2 


10.6 


9.0 


11.8 


Second pelvic-fin ray 


1 1 A 


1 1 n 

1 1 .u 


Q A 
y .1 


1 9 7 
iz. / 


Anal-fin base 


1 Q fi 
ly. 


1 fi fi 
1 O.O 


1 A < 
14. J 


71 a 
ZI .0 


Anal-fin height 


jX) 


A < 


jX) 


a 
o.u 


r^nrccil "Fin nmcrin 1 1 1 r*QiiHcil fin Xqcp 

Yjyji sdi-1111 ongiii 10 Lduudi-mi ud.se 


/ .0 


OO. y 


f\A ^ 


70 Q 
/U .y 


Pelvic-fin origin to caudal-fin base 


a 9 7 
oz. / 


A< 1 
00 . 1 


A 7 7 
OZ. / 


AI 7 

o/.z 


/\iidi-iui origin 10 cduudi-iin Ddse 




J7.J 


xf\ 9 
jD.Z 


Al 1 


Pectoral-fin to pelvic-fin origins 


ZU.J 


1 O O 

1 y. y 


1 n 
1 / .o 


ZI .0 


Pelvic-fin to anal-fin origins 


9^ n 


9A ^ 


9/1 fi 


9C 7 
Zo. / 


Percent of head length 










Snout length 


32.6 


35.2 


32.6 


37.6 


Horizontal eye diameter 


16.5 


15.4 


13.8 


17.9 


tzyc 10 posienor margin 01 nedu 


S9 f\ 


si n 

Jl .u 


ZlX A 


S9 X 
jZ.o 


Bony interorbital 


15.3 


15.4 


13.3 


18.0 


Head depth at occiput 


53.0 


49.2 


45.4 


53.8 


Head width 


74.2 


74.9 


71.8 


78.7 


Gape width 


43.8 


43.7 


40.0 


47.5 


Anterior tip to anterior nostril 


11.5 


12.5 


10.4 


14.1 


Distance between nares 


12.6 


11.6 


9.5 


13.3 


Posterior naris to anterior eye margin 


11.9 


10.5 


8.2 


12.2 


Percent of peduncle length 










Caudal peduncle depth 


30.5 


31.5 


26.6 


37.4 



symphysis and fewer posteriorly. Origin of maxillary barbel close to anterior nostril, 
above rictus; basai third of maxillary barbel resting in a deep sulcus. Maxillary barbel 
usually reaching a vertical through mid of pectoral fin and scarcely surpassing 
pectoral-fin origin in few spécimens. Tip of outer mental barbel usually reaching 
pectoral-fin origin, scarcely reaching branchiostegal membrane in two spécimens. Tip 
of inner mental barbel scarcely reaching branchiostegal membrane. 

Dorsal fin with one soft segmented ray and six branched ray s; first dorsal-fin 
ray small, about two thirds of first branched ray. Second branched dorsal-fin ray 



324 



M. M. AZPELICUETA ET AL. 



longest, about twice of last branched ray. Dorsal-fin origin anterior to a vertical through 
pel vie-fin insertion; in small spécimens, dorsal-fin origin located scarcely anterior or 
at same level of pel vie-fin origin. Last adpressed dorsal-fin ray close to adipose-fin 
origin, increasingly so in smaller spécimens. Adipose-fin origin located at a vertical 
through tip of pelvic fins or little posterior. Adipose fin long, confluent with caudal fin; 
adipose fin lovv, 12-18 times in its base. 

Caudal fin rounded, its upper lobe longer and broader than lower lobe. Principal 
caudal-fin rays l+(6-7)+l. Dorsal procurrent caudal-fin rays 12-14, ventral procurrent 
caudal-fin rays 17-21 (counted in 6 spécimens). Anal fin short, low, its origin at a ver- 
tical through anterior fourth of adipose fin; in small spécimens, anal-fin origin placed 
at anterior third of adipose fin. Distal margin of anal fin straight or slightly convex. 
Tips of last anal-fin rays close to or surpassing origin of caudal fin. Anal-fin with 15- 
17 rays (iii-v, 11-13; 2 with 11 branched rays; 9 including holotype with 12; 4 with 13). 
Pectoral fin i,6-8 (1 with 6 branched rays; 10 with 7 including holotype; 4 with 8); first 
pectoral-fin ray soft and segmented. Distal margin of pectoral fin rounded. First ray 
short, 1.2-1.7 times in fin length; third ray longest. Tip of pectoral fin reaching half 
length between pectoral and pelvic fin origins. A large axillary gland pore, above 
pectoral-fin insertion, close to posterior angle of opercle. Pelvic fin with i,6 rays; 
second branched ray longest; its distal margin rounded. Tip of pelvic fin reaching one 
third of distance between pelvic and anal fin origins. Inner pelvic-fin ray surpassing 
anus and urogenital papillae. 

Urogenital papillae located immediately behind anus, somewhat tubular in 
maies. Gonads of maies with broad, finger-like projections. 

Latéral line complète, ending on caudal peduncle; anterior latéral line ossicles 
without small plate-like expansions. Pores of cephalic sensory canals distributed as 
follows: supraorbital branch with four pores, infraorbital branch with six pores, 
mandibular branch with five pores, preopercular branch with six pores, and pterotic 
branch with 3 pores. 

Swim bladder small, bilobed in shape (as an eight) transversely placed. Gill 
rakers somewhat short, slightly laterally compressed. Ten to thirteen gill rakers on first 
arch, distributed as follows: 0-3 on epibranchial, 1 on cartilage between epibranchial 
and ceratobranchial, 8-9 on ceratobranchial. 

In two spécimens, total number of vertebrae 56-58 (29-31 precaudal, 27 
caudal); 9-10 pairs of ribs. 

Color upon capture: Background dark gray, whitish only on vent; a very 
slender latéral stripe from opercle to end of caudal peduncle. Ail unpaired fins dark 
gray with a notably darker margin on anal fin; pectoral and pelvic fins yellowish. 
Transverse dorsal bands barely visible. 

Color in alcohol: Dark gray on dorsum, gray on sides of body and very light 
gray on ventral surface; head dark gray. Four transverse bands almost black, first one 
over supraoccipital région, second one at level of pectoral fins; third one at dorsal-fin 
origin, many times continued with an oval spot around dorsal-fin base; fourth band at 
adipose-fin origin. A very slender stripe developed from a dark area posterior to 
opercle to end of caudal peduncle. A light area on cheek. Ail fins dark gray, especially 



NEW CATFISH FROM THE PARANÂ RIVER 



325 




Fig.4 

Type locality, arroyo Moreno at Ruta Provincial 202, province of Misiones, Argentina (26° 54' 
24"S-54° 54' 50" W). 

caudal fin. Dorsal fin with a light stripe near its base; anal fin with a dark band along 
its margin. Minute black rounded chromatophores scattered ail over body, at différent 
depths of skin. Large black, deep and star-like chromatophores spread on body. 
Chromatophores on myosepta, making myomeres very évident. 

Etymology: The Guarani vvord mbya is the name of the aborigines that live in 
the Cuna-Piru Valley and the Parque Provincial Salto Encantado. The name is applied 
as a noun in apposition. 

Distribution and habitat: Heptapterus mbya sp. n. is found in the Cuna-Piru, 
Moreno (Fig. 4), and Azul streams. The three streams are located in the rio Paranâ 
basin in Misiones, Argentina; the latter two, though, are headwaters of the Garuhapé 
stream. The largest number of spécimens were collected in a pond about 1 m deep, with 
a slow current, and a sandy bottom; the place was bordered by dense végétation, 
completely covered by shadow. The parameters measured were température at 
18-20 °C, conductivity= 81/<S/cm, and pH= 6.3. 

DISCUSSION 

Heptapterus mustelinus, the type species of the genus, is the only member of 
Heptapterus recorded from the basins of Argentina, southernmost Brazil and Uruguay 
(Buckup, 1988; Bockmann & Guazelli, 2003). The type locality is the Rio de la Plata 



326 



M. M. AZPEL1CUETA ET AL. 



Table 2. Disciminant ratios, using eight measurements, for differentiation of Heptapterus mbya 
sp. n. and H. mustelinus. 

H. mbya H. mustelinus 





mean 


min-max 


mean 


min-max 


anal-fin base/dorsal-adipose length 


0.37 


0.31-0.47 


0.16 


0.13-0.22 


pelvic-fin length/interorbital width 


0.27 


0.22-0.34 


0.44 


0.34-0.67 


pelvic-anal fin origins/internarial length 


0.21 


0.18-0.25 


0.60 


0.36-0.92 


pelvic-anal fin origins/interorbital width 


0.11 


0.09-0.13 


0.18 


0.14-0.21 


anal-fin base/pelvic-fin length 


0.60 


0.50-1.04 


0.38 


0.28-0.43 


anal-fin base/pelvic-anal fin origins 


0.71 


0.43-0.86 


1.09 


0.92-1.43 


anal-fin base/internarial length 


0.12 


0.09-0.19 


0.08 


0.07-0.09 


anal-fin base/posterior nostril-eye 


0.11 


0.08-0.15 


0.07 


0.06-0.08 


interorbital width/interdorsal length 


0.43 


0.34-0.57 


1.04 


0.69-1.43 


interorbital width/internarial length 


0.76 


0.64-0.93 


0.49 


0.43-0.55 



where the species is still common, especially in areas with lime. Heptapterus mus - 
telinus is distinguished from H. mbya sp. n. by a higher number of anal-fin rays 
(18-22 vs. 15-17), a longer anal-fin base (20.9-28.0 % of SL vs. 14.2-21.6), shorter 
distance between pelvic and anal-fin origins (20.4-24.0 % of SL vs. 24.8-28.7), shorter 
distance between last dorsal-fin ray insertion and adipose-fin origin (3.1-4.9 % of SL 
vs. 5.2-8.3), and wider interorbital (18.9-24.9 % of HL vs. 13.3-18.0). Moreover, 
multivariate analysis detected ten additional ratios of sufficient différences to enable a 
discrimination of H. mbya sp. n. from H. mustelinus (Table 2). 

At présent, a new species of Heptapterus has recently been published (Aguilera 
et al., 2011); the spécimens of this new species have been collected in northwestern 
Argentina, in the Sali river basin. Heptapterus qenqo is distinguished from H. mbya 
sp. n. by the présence of rudimentary serrae on first pectoral-fin ray of adults, smaller 
eye (7.4-14.2 % of HL vs. 13.8-17.9), larger postorbital length (52.5-56.0 % of HL vs. 
48.6-52.8), wider interorbital (17.6-24.1 % of HL vs. 13.3-18.0), and a maxillary 
barbel not reaching the first pectoral-fin ray in adults vs. one reaching half pectoral 
length in H. mbya sp. n. 

The number of anal-fin rays distinguishes Heptapterus mbya sp. n. (15-17) from 
H. bleekeri (20-22), H . fissipinnis (23), H. multiradiatus (36), H. ornaticeps (19), H. 
stewarti (30), and H. sympterygium (22-29). Additionally, Heptapterus mbya sp. n. is 
distinguished from H. bleekeri by greater eye diameter (2.1-2.7 vs. 3.5 times in snout 
length), narrower interorbital distance (5.5-7.5 vs. 5 times in HL), and longer predorsal 
distance (2.7-3.3 vs. 2.6 times in SL); from H. multiradiatus by a shorter dorsal-fin 
base (1.8-2.2 vs. 1.5 times in HL); from H. fissipinnis by a smaller eye diameter (5.6- 
7.2 vs. 5.5 times in HL); and from H. sympterygium by the présence of anal and caudal 
fins separated. The adipose and the caudal fins confluent differentiates H. mbya sp. n. 
from H. tapanahoniensis, it with the adipose and caudal fins separated. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

We thank D. Aichino and D. Méndez for their assistance in the field, M. Rinas 
for collecting permits from Ministerio de Ecologia de Misiones, G. Chiaramonte and 
M. Loureiro for the loan of spécimens, L. Rasia for help with photographs of caudal 



NEW CATFISH FROM THE PARANÂ RIVER 



327 



structures, the Agencia Nacional de Promociôn Cientifica y Tecnolôgica (PICT 12348 
and 12359), and the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientfficas y Técnicas (PIP 
5365) for financial support, J. Lundberg and one anonymous reviewer for improve- 
ment this paper, S. Kôrber and H-G. Evers for providing us with important biblio- 
graphie information, and D. Haggerty for improving the English style. 

REFERENCES 

Aguilera, G., Mirande, J. M. & Azpelicueta, M. de las M. (2011). A new species of Heptap - 
terus Bleeker 1858 (Siluriformes, Heptapteridae) from the Rio Sali basin, north- 
western Argentina. Journal ofFish Biology 78: 240-250. 

Bockmann, F. A. & Guazelli, G. M. 2003. Family Heptapteridae (Heptapterids) (pp. 406-431). 
In: Reis, R. E.; S. O. Kullander & C. J. Ferraris JR. Check list of the Freshwater Fishes 
of South and Central America. Edipucrs, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 729 pp. 

Buckup, P. A. 1988. The genus Heptapterus (Teleostei, Pimelodidae) in Southern Brazil and 
Uruguay, with the description of a new species. Copeia 1988 (3): 641-653. 

Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2010. A guide to fish collections in The Catalog of fishes. Elec- 
tronic version available at 

http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp 
Morris, P. J.,H.M. Yager, [programmer] & M. H. Sabaj Pérez [editor] 2010. ACSImagebase: 
A digital archive of catfish images compiled by participants in the Ail Catfish Species 
Inventory. [WWW image Database] URL http://acsi.acnatsci.org/base 
SPSS 1997. SPSS Base 9.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA 

Taylor, W. R. & Van Dyke, G. C. 1985. Revised procédures for staining and clearing small 
fishes and other vertébrales for bone and cartilage study. Cybium 9: 107-119. 

Valenciennes, A. 1835. Poissons, pl. 2. In: D'Orbigny, A. Voyage dans l'Amérique méri- 
dionale. Vol. 9. Bertrand and Levraut, Paris. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 329-343; juin 201 1 



Note sulle Typhloreicheia (Holdhaus, 1924) siciliane 

del "gruppo praecox" con descrizione di una nuova specie 

(Coleoptera Carabidae: Scaritinae). 

Paolo MAGRINI 

Via Gianfilippo Braccini 7, 1-50141 Firenze, Italia. E.mail: duvalius@paolomagrini.it 
(Coll. esterno Museo Zoologico "La Specola" di Firenze, Italia) 

Cosimo BAVIERA 

Dipartimento di Biologia Animale ed Ecologia Marina deU'Università degli studi di 
Messina, Salita Sperone 31, 1-98166 Sant'Agata, Messina, Italia. 
E.mail: cbaviera@unime.it 

On Sicilian Typhloreicheia (Holdhaus, 1924) of the "praecox group" 
with description of a new species (Coleoptera Carabidae: Scaritinae). - 

Taxonomic status of taxa belonging to Typhloreicheia "praecox group" is 
discussed and a new species from western Sicily differs from ail the other 
known taxa in the external morphology and its aedeagus shape is described. 
Also included are images, dichotomie keys and distribution maps for ail the 
sicilian species. 

Keywords: Typhloreicheia - New species - Taxonomy - Sicily - Italy - Key 
to species. 

INTRODUZIONE 

Le Typhloreicheia siciliane di più antica descrizione furono inserite da Casale 
(1985), in un unico "gruppo praecox", comprendente la specie nominale e quattro taxa, 
tutti ritenuti di livello sottospecifico, presenti nella Sicilia centro-occidentale. Le 
specie successivamente descritte: Typhloreicheia berninii Magrini, Bastianini & 
Petrioli, 2003; Typhloreicheia zingarensis Magrini & Baviera, 2003; Typhloreicheia 
messanae Magrini, 2008 e Typhloreicheia bavierai Magrini, Degiovanni & Petrioli (in 
stampa), appaiono tutte ben distinte dai taxa del gruppo di T. praecox (sensu Casale) 
per vari caratteri di morfologia esterna e, spesso, edeagici. 

Alla luce poi dell'abbondante materiale raccolto, insieme ad alcuni colleghi, 
negli ultimi anni per alcune specie e al riesame di buona parte degli esemplari précè- 
dent, ci siamo convinti del valore specifico di tutti i taxa finora descritti per l'isola, 
che si presentano ben localizzati, senza forme di passaggio e con chiare differenze 
morfologiche, che anche in assenza spesso di una lamella copulatrice edeagica, ne ren- 
dono facile l'identificazione. Inoltre, durante le ricerche effettuate negli ultimi tempi, 
abbiamo avuto modo di raccogliere, in due vicine località del trapanese, una piccola 
série di esemplari, che abbiamo identificato corne appartenenti ad una specie inedita di 
questo gruppo: approfittiamo di questa brève nota per descriverla e aggiornare la buona 
revisione di Casale del 1985. 



Manoscritto accettato il 10.12.2010 



330 



P. MAGRINI & C. BAV1ERA 



MATERIAU E METODI 

I materiali utilizzati nel présente lavoro sono depositati nelle collezioni qui 
elencate con i rispettivi acronimi. 

MHNG: Coll. Museo di Storia Naturale di Ginevra (Svizzera); MZC: Coll. 
Museo Zoologico "Cambria", Messina (Italia); MSNG: Coll. Museo civico di Storia 
naturale "Giacomo Doria", Genova (Italia); CM: Coll. P. Magrini, Firenze (Italia); CB: 
Coll. C. Baviera, Messina (Italia); CD: Coll. A. Degiovanni, Bubano di Mordano, 
Bologna (Italia); CP: Coll. A. Petrioli, Asciano, Siena (Italia); CBA: Coll. M. 
Bastianini, Follonica, Grosseto (Italia); CBU: Coll. P. Bulirsch, Praga (Repubblica 
Ceca). 

Riportiamo inoltre qui di seguito le abbreviazioni délie misure riportate nella 
tabella. 

L: lunghezza complessiva, dall'apice délie mandibole aU'estremità délie elitre; 
HMW: larghezza massima del capo al rigonfiamento temporale; LA: lunghezza délie 
antenne; PL: lunghezza del pronoto, misurata lungo la linea mediana; PMW: larghezza 
massima del pronoto; EL: lunghezza elitre, misurata dalla base dello scutello all'an- 
golo suturale; EW: larghezza massima délie elitre; PMW/PL: rapporto massima 
larghezza/lunghezza del pronoto; EL/EW: rapporto lunghezza/larghezza délie elitre; 
EW/PMW: rapporto larghezza elitre/larghezza pronoto; LE: lunghezza edeago; AN: 
lunghezza articolo antennale. 

Le macrofotografie riportate nel testo sono state eseguite da uno di noi (P. M.) 
mediante caméra digitale Nikon Dl applicata su microscopio ottico binoculare Nikon 
Labophot II, con obiettivi diaframmati. 

TAXONOMIA 

Typhloreicheia belloi sp. n. 

Holotypus: 6 , Sicilia, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), m 550 s.l.m., 16.111.2008, leg. C. 
Baviera e C. Bellô, MZC. 

Paratypi: 6c?del0 99:l9, Castello di Baida, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), m 300 
s.l.m., 16.111.2008, leg. C. Baviera e C. Bellô, MHNG. - 1 6 , Castello di Baida, Monte Sparagio 
(Trapani), m 300 s.l.m., 16.111.2009, leg. P. Magrini, CM. - 1 6 e 2 9 9, Monte Sparagio 
(Trapani), m 420 s.l.m., 16.111.2009, leg. P. Magrini, CM. -16, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), m 
420 s.l.m., 16.111.2009, leg. P. Magrini, CB. - 1 6 , Purgatorio (Custonaci, Trapani), m 300 s.l.m., 
17. III. 2009, leg. A. Degiovanni, CM. - 1 6,4 9 9, Purgatorio (Custonaci, Trapani), m 300 
s.l.m., 17.111.2009, leg. A. Degiovanni, CD. -19, Castello di Baida, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), 
m 300 s.l.m., 16.111.2009, leg. P. Magrini, CBA. -19, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), m 420 s.l.m., 
16.111.2009, leg. P. Magrini, CBU. - 1 <?, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), m 400 s.l.m., 20.111.2009, 
leg. A. Degiovanni, CD. - 1 9, Monte Sparagio (Trapani), m 420 s.l.m., 16.111.2010, leg. P. 
Magrini, CP. 

Diagnosi E descrizione: Una Typhloreicheia di dimensioni medio-piccole, con- 
vessa, di aspetto robusto e di colore rossiccio scuro uniforme; tegumenti lucidi, con mi- 
croscultura a maglie poligonali ben évidente su tutto il corpo e in particolare su capo e 
pronoto (fig. 1). 

Capo di normali dimensioni, molto più stretto del torace, larghezza massima al 
rigonfiamento temporale; tempie moderatamente convesse, glabre; solchi frontali 
larghi, profondi e molto allungati, divergenti solo posteriormente; occhi totalmente 
assenti. Clipeo ampio e convesso, con la zona mediana del margine anteriore subretti- 



TY PHLOREICHEIA SICILIANE 



331 




Fig. 1 

Typhloreicheia belloi n. sp., di Monte Sparagio (Trapani), holotypus â , (MZC): habitus. 

linea, rilevato in caréna solo all'apice. Labbro superiore con margine distale festonato 
e con cinque setole marginali. Mandibole falcate. Chetotassi cefalica senza parti - 
colarità di rilievo, ma con setole molto lunghe. 

Antenne lunghe e piuttosto gracili. Primo articolo antennale cilindrico; secondo 
decisamente allungato, poco più lungo del terzo e del quarto presi insieme, questi 
ultimi più sottili dei seguenti; gli articoli dal quinto al decimo subsferici e moniliformi; 
undicesimo in corto ovale. 

Pronoto tanto largo quanto lungo, discretamente allargato nella porzione basale; 
lati regolarmente arcuati; angoli anteriori piccoli, acuti, appuntiti e appena salienti, 
margine anteriore leggermente convesso o lineare, distintamente crenellato; doccia 
marginale sottile e regolare; peduncolo allungato; due setole marginali per ogni lato, 
distanziate dal margine esterno délia doccia; l' anteriore a livello del primo quinto, la 
posteriore a livello del terzo quinto. 

Elitre convesse, in corto ovale, con margini anteriore e posteriore larghi e 
piuttosto squadrati, omeri ampiamente arrotondati; margine basale délie elitre subret- 
tilineo; doccia marginale ampia e regolare, con denticoli omerali poco sporgenti, ben 
evidenti solo nella prima metà dell'elitra; apice elitrale arrotondato. Larghezza 



332 



P. MAGRINI & C. BAVIERA 




FlGG. 2-5 

Typhloreicheia belloi n. sp. Holotypus. (2) Edeago in visione latérale. (3) Edeago in visione ven- 
trale. (4) Urite. (5) Parameri. 

massima délie due elitre alla metà o poco dopo. Strie profonde, grossolanamente e 
irregolarmente punteggiate, s vanité all'apice; interstrie convesse. Setole discali pre - 
senti in série su tutte le interstrie, escluse la prima e l'ottava. Setola basale présente, 
corne la preapicale e le apicali; setole marginali délia série ombelicata corne nelle 
specie congeneri. 

Zampe di média lunghezza; le tre spine délie protibie robuste. 

Edeago molto arcuato, privo di lamella copulatrice, con apice largo, spatoli- 
forme, ampiamente arrotondato all'apice (figg. 2 e 17-20). Vescicola setifera forte- 
mente pigmentata sul lato ventrale e prossimale, con cordoni di spine disposti in fasci 
paralleli e piccoli fasci arcuati nella zona apicale délia vescicola. Edeago in visione 
ventrale inclinato a sinistra (fig. 3). Urite IX largo e ovale (fig. 4). Parameri normal- 
mente conformati, forniti di due grandi setole, poco allungate (fig. 5). 

Localitàtipica: Sicilia, Monte Sparagio (Trapani). 

Derivatio nominis: Dedichiamo con piacere il nuovo taxon aU'amico Cesare 
Bellô di Castelfranco Veneto (TV), appassionato e compétente specialista di Peritelini 



TYPHLOREICHEIA SICIL1ANE 



333 




Fig.6 

Typhloreicheia praecox (Schaum, 1857). di Monte Pellegrino (Palermo) topotypus, (MSNG). 
habitus. 

(Curculionidae), a cui va il merito di aver individuato il magnifico sito del Monte 
Sparagio, un lembo di Sicilia ancora ben conservato, dove abbiamo raccolto i primi 
esemplari di questa nuova entità. 

Affinitàe note comparative: La nuova specie si interpone. nell'ambito del 
gruppo praecox, fra l'areale di Typhloreicheia praecox (Schaum, 1857) del Monte 
Pellegrino (Palermo) e quello di Typhloreicheia doderoana Casale, 1985, del Monte 
San Giuliano a (Trapani) (fig. 33). 

Dalla prima di distingue agevolmente per la di versa chetotassi discale elitrale. 
con setole presenti in tutte le interstrie (dalla 2 alla 7), mentre in praecox le setole sono 
presenti solo nelle interstrie 3-5-7; per il corpo con pronoto e elitre più stretti e molto 
meno convessi e dilatati e per le antenne più lunghe. Dalla seconda per le antenne più 
lunghe e per l'edeago con apice molto più lungo, incurvato e spatoliforme. Per i con- 
fronti con le altre specie del gruppo praecox vedasi la chiave analitica, la Tabella délie 
misure e l'iconografia riportata nel testo. 



334 



P. MAGRINI & C. BAVIERA 



Note ecologiche: Tutti gli esemplari sono stati raccolti mediante vagliatura di 
terra alla base di Olea europaea var. sylvestris (Miller) o sotto piètre interrate in bosco 
rado di Quercus. 

CATALOGO TASSONOMICO E COROLOGICO DELLE SPECIE DEL "GRUPPO 
PRAECOX' 

Il gruppo comprende attualmente 6 specie di dimensioni medio-piccole, con 
corpo convesso, tutte endogee e fornite di un edeago privo di lamella copulatrice (per 
ulteriori dettagli, oltre a quelli riportati nel testo, rimandiamo a Holdhaus, 1924 e 
Casale, 1985): 

1 . Typhloreicheia praecox (Schaum, 1857) 

Monte Pellegrino (Palermo): nota solo délia località tipica. Nella zona sommi- 
tale del monte, in pascolo, sotto piètre o vagliando la terra prèle vata sotto cespugli. 



Tabella délie misure délie specie di Typhloreicheia del "gruppo praecox 





L 


LA 


L 


PM 
W 


PL 


PMW 


EL 








LA 




PL 




Typhloreicheia praecox 

Minimo 

Massimo 

Media 


2,18 
2,41 


0,61 
0,73 

U,Oo 


3,13 
3,57 


0,54 
0,59 

U,J/ 


0,54 
0,59 
up / 


0,97 
1,02 
n oq 


1,17 
1,22 

1 1 Q 

1 ,1V 


Typhloreicheia hauclii 

Minimo 

Massimo 

Media 


2,21 
2,54 
2,39 


0,73 
0,93 
0,83 


2,71 
3,06 
2,88 


0,51 
0,59 
0,54 


0,50 
0,58 
0,53 


0,91 
1,15 
1,02 


1,17 
1,33 
1,24 


Typhloreicheia binaghii 

Minimo 

Massimo 

Media 


2,12 
2,25 
2,21 


0,67 
0,73 
0,71 


2,95 
3,14 
3,05 


0,48 
0,50 
0,49 


0,48 
0,51 
0,50 


0,93 
1 

0,97 


1,16 
1,20 
0,18 


Typhloreicheia doderoana 

Holotypus 6 

Minimo 

Massimo 

Media 


2,25 
2,21 
2,34 
2,27 


0,73 
0,64 
0,73 
0,68 


3,04 
3,04 
3,47 
3,28 


0,56 
0,53 
0,58 
0,55 


0,54 
0,51 
0,58 
0,54 


1,02 
0,97 
1,04 
1,01 


1,20 
1,17 
1,24 
1,21 


Typhloreicheia meridionalis 
Holotypus S 
Paratypus 9 


2,28 
1,96 


0,77 
0,70 


2,95 
2,77 


0,50 
0,46 


0,51 
0,48 


0,98 
0,96 


1,17 
1,11 


Typhloreicheia belloi sp. n. 

Holotypus 6 

Minimo 

Massimo 

Media 


2,28 
2,15 
2,50 
2,31 


0,80 
0,70 
0,80 
0,73 


2,84 
2,84 
3,57 
3,15 


0,54 
0,50 
0,58 
0,53 


0,54 
0,50 
0,54 
0,53 


0,98 
0,96 
1,03 
0,99 


1,20 
1,16 
1,24 
1,18 



TY PHLOR El C H El A SICILIANE 335 

2. Typhloreicheia baudii (Ragusa, 1883) 

Monti Sicani (Palermo): Bosco di Ficuzza (Palermo) e probabilmente Bosco 
Adriano (Palazzo Adriano) (cfr. Vitale, 1927; Casale, 1985). Silvicola, sotto piètre 
fortemente interrate in terreno argilloso o vagliando il terriccio in profondità alla 
base di alberi del génère Quercus, spesso in associazione con Duvalius marii Vanni, 
Magrini & Pennisi, 1992. 

3. Typhloreicheia binaghii Casale, 1985 

Madonie (Palermo): Castelbuono (pendici Pizzo Carbonara 1400 m); Piano 
Battaglia (pendici Monte Mufara 1300 m); Piano Zucchi (fra gli 800 e i 1000 m); 
Pomieri (Petralia Sottana). Silvicola, sotto piètre anche moderatamente interrate e 
vagliando il terriccio. 

4. Typhloreicheia doderoana Casale, 1985 

Trapanese occidentale: Monte San Giuliano (Trapani). Non conosciamo catture 
recenti di questo taxon, noto solo délia localité tipica, che appare oggi assai antro- 
pizzata. 



EW 


EL 
EW 


EW 
PMW 


LE 


HM 
W 


AN 
1° 


AN 

2° 


AN 

3° 


AN 

4° 


AN 
11° 


75 


1 âf\ 


1,JJ 


^7 


U,JJ 


1 ? 

U,l L 


O 1 ? 
U,l z. 


n ciA 

U ,U'4 




U,Uo 


0,80 


1 58 


1 ^8 


^7 


U,JO 


08 


10 

U,1U 


n os 


n os 


n oq 


0,77 


1,55 


135 


0,37 


0,37 


0,10 


0,11 


0,044 


0,044 


0,083 


0,67 


1,61 


1,27 


0,39 


0,35 


0,09 


0,10 


0,05 


0,06 


0,09 


0,77 


1,79 


1,34 


0,43 


0,41 


0,13 


0,13 


0,07 


0,06 


0,11 


0,72 


1,71 


1,31 


0,40 


0,38 


0,11 


0,11 


0,06 


0,06 


0,10 


0,67 


1,65 


1,35 


0,35 


0,34 


0,08 


0,10 


0,04 


0,04 


0,08 


0,70 


1,71 


1,46 


0,38 


0,37 


0,09 


0,11 


0,06 


0,06 


0,09 


0,69 


1,68 


1,41 


0,36 


0,35 


0,088 


0,106 


0,05 


0,05 


0,088 


0,72 


1,66 


1,28 


0,41 


0,38 


0,08 


0,11 


0,05 


0,05 


0,09 


0,70 


1,64 


1,26 


0,38 


0,35 


0,08 


0,09 


0,04 


0,04 


0,08 


0,74 


1,71 


1,33 


0,41 


0,40 


0,09 


0,11 


0,05 


0,05 


0,09 


0,72 


1,67 


1,29 


0,39 


0,37 


0,084 


0,10 


0,044 


0,042 


0,088 


0,69 


1,69 


1,36 


0,35 


0,35 


0,08 


0,11 


0,05 


0,05 


0,10 


0,64 


1,72 


1,37 




0,33 


0,08 


0,10 


0,05 


0,05 


0,10 


0,72 


1,66 


1,34 


0,37 


0,38 


0,12 


0,11 


0,06 


0,05 


0,09 


0,66 


1,62 


1,27 


0,35 


0,33 


0,10 


0,11 


0,05 


0,04 


0,08 


0,74 


1,73 


1,34 


0,40 


0,38 


0,12 


0,13 


0,06 


0,06 


0,10 


0,70 


1,67 


1,30 


0,38 


0,37 


0,11 


0,12 


0,056 


0,05 


0,09 



336 P. MAGRINI & C. BAVIERA 




Fig.7 

Typhloreicheia baudii (Ragusa, 1883), di Ficuzza (Palermo) topotypus, (CM), habitus. 



5. Typhloreicheia meridionalis Casale, 1985 

Piazza Armerina (Enna): nota solo su due esemplari raccolti nella localité tipica nel 
1912. Corne per il taxon précédente non conosciamo catture recenti e la zona ha 
subito negli ultimi 100 anni drastiche riduzioni di latifoglie del génère Quercus, 
sostituite da specie dei generi Pinus e Eucalyptus, essenze verosimilmente meno 
gradite al génère Typhloreicheia. 

6. Typhloreicheia belloi Magrini e Baviera, 201 1 

Trapanese orientale: Monte Sparagio (Trapani): da m 420 a 550 s.l.m.; Castello di 
Baida (Monte Sparagio, Trapani) 300 m s.l.m.; Purgatorio (Custonaci, Trapani). 
Vagliando terriccio prelevato alla base di Olea europaea var. sylvestris (Miller), 
Quercus spp. e sotto piètre profondamente interrate ai margini del bosco. 



T Y PHL OR El CHFJA SICILIANE 



337 




Fig.8 

Typhloreicheia doderoana Casale, 1985, di Monte San Giuliano (Trapani), topotypus, (CM), 
habitus. 

CHIAVE ANALITICA DELLE TYPHLOREICHEIA DEL GRUPPO PRAECOX 

la Setole elitrali presenti solo nelle interstrie 3-5-7. Antenne molto corte, 
pronoto molto ampio e allargato (fig. 11), omeri fortemente arrotondati, 
addome ampiamente rigonfio (ognuno di questi caratteri è il più accen- 
tuato nell'ambito del gruppo). Elitre corte e larghe con EL/EW compreso 
fra 1,46 e 1,58, in tutte le altre specie del gruppo superiore a 1,60. 

Edeago allungato, con apice curvo e sottile (figg. 21-23) 

praecox (Schaum, 1857) (fig. 6), Monte Pellegrino (Palermo) 

lb Setole elitrali presenti in tutte le interstrie, dalla 2 alla 7 2 

2a Pronoto fortemente ristretto alla base (figg. 12, 14, 15) 3 

2b Pronoto poco ristretto alla base (figg. 13,16) 4 

3a Apice dell' edeago fortemente incurvato, uncinato (fig. 24) 

meridionalis Casale, 1985 (fig. 10), Piazza Armerina (Enna) 



338 



P. MAGRINI & C. BAVIERA 




FlG. 9 

Typhloreicheia binaghii Casale, 1985, di Piano Zucchi (Palermo), topotypus, (CM), habitus. 

3b Apice dell'edeago non o appena incurvato, comunque non uncinato 5 

4a Antenne generalmente più corte (0,64-0,73 mm), edeago con apice corto 

e poco incurvato (figg. 25-28) 

doderoana Casale, 1985 (fig. 8), Monte San Giuliano (Trapani) 

4b Antenne generalmente più lunghe (0,70-0,80 mm), edeago con apice 

lungo e incurvato, spatoliforme (figg. 2, 17-20) 

belloi n. sp. (fig. 1), Monte Sparagio e Purgatorio (Trapani) 

5a Omeri fortemente spioventi, pronoto più stretto alla base (fig. 14) ed 

elitre più larghe (EW/PMW 1,35-1,46). Edeago di piccole dimensioni 

(0,35-0,38 mm), diafano, con apice corto e largo alla base (figg. 31-32) 

binaghii (fig. 9), Casale, 1985, Castelbuono, Piano Zucchi e Piano Battaglia 

(Palermo) 

5b Omeri poco spioventi, pronoto meno ristretto alla base ed elitre strette 
(EW/PMW 1,27-1,34) (fig. 12). Edeago di dimensioni più grandi (0,39- 
0,43 mm), poco diafano, con apice lungo, più incurvato e dilatato (figg. 
29-30) baudii (Ragusa, 1883) (fig. 7), Ficuzza (Palermo) 



7 Y PHLOR El C Hi.lA SIC II I WI 



339 




Fig. 10 

Typhloreicheia meridionalis Casale, 1985, di Piazza Armerina (Enna), holotypus, (MSNG), 
habitus. 

RINGRAZIAMENTI 

Desideriamo ringraziare tutti i colleghi che hanno contribuito aile ricerche o che 
ci hanno fornito materiale di confronto utile per la stesura délia présente nota: Marco 
Bastianini di Follonica (GR); Augusto Degiovanni di Bubano (BO); Andréa Petrioli di 
Asciano (SI); Sarah Whitman di Firenze. Un ringraziamento in particolare al Dr. 
Roberto Poggi, Direttore del Museo civico di Storia naturale "G. Doria" di Genova, 
che con la consueta cortesia ci ha dato modo di esaminare tutto il materiale siciliano, 
tipico e non, présente presso il suo Istituto, fondamentale per la stesura délia présente 
nota. Un ringraziamento anche al référée anonimo per tutti gli utili suggerimenti 
forniti. 



340 



P. MAGRINI & C. BAVIERA 




11 12 




FlGG. 11-16 

Pronoto di: (11) Typhloreicheia praecox, topotypus. (12) Typhloreicheia baudii, topotypus. (13) 
Typhloreicheia doderoana, topotypus. (14) Typhloreicheia binaghii, topotypus. (15) 
Typhloreicheia meridionalis , holotypus. (16) Typhloreicheia belloi, n. sp. holotypus. 



TY PHLOR El CHEIA SICIUANE 



341 




Figg. 17-24 

Edeago di Typhloreicheia belloi, n. sp.: (17) Holotypus; (18) Paratypus 1. Monte Sparagio. 
Trapani (CM); (19) Paratypus 2, Castello di Baida. Trapani (CM): (20) Paratypus 3. Purgatorio. 
Trapani (CM). 

Edeago di: (21) Typhloreicheia praecox, topotypus (MSNG); (22-23) Typhloreicheia praecox, 
topotypus (CM); (24) Typhloreicheia meridionalis. holotypus (MSNG). 



342 



P. MAGRINI & C. BAVIERA 




Figg. 25-32 

Edeago di Typhloreicheia doderoana, topotypus: (25-26) CM; (27-28) MSNG. 
Edeago di: (29-30) Typhloreicheia baudii, topotypus (CM); (31) Typhloreicheia binaghii, topo- 
typus (CM); (32) Typhloreicheia binaghii di Pomieri (Petralia Sottana), Madonie (Palermo), m 
1300 s.l.m. sub Quercus, 16.V.2008, leg. C. Baviera (CB). 



TYPHLORE1CHE1A SICILIANE 



343 



u- 




Fig. 33 

Distribuzione del génère Typhloreicheia in Sicilia. 

P: Tyhloreicheia praecox (Schaum, 1857); BA: Typhloreicheia baudii (Ragusa, 1883); BI: 
Typhloreicheia binaghii Casale, 1985; D: Typhloreicheia doderoana Casale, 1985; M: 
Typhloreicheia meridionalis Casale, 1985; B: Typhloreicheia berninii Magrini, Bastianini & 
Petrioli, 2003; Z: Typhloreicheia zingarensis Magrini & Baviera, 2003; ME: Typhloreicheia mes- 
sanae Magrini, 2008; BV: Typhloreicheia bavierai Magrini, Degiovanni & Petrioli, 2011; BE: 
Typhloreicheia belloi n. sp. 



BIBLIOGRAFIA 

Casale, A. 1985. Note su Typhloreicheia italiane, con descrizione di nuovi taxa di Sicilia (Col. 
Carabidae, Scaritinae). Annali del Museo civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, 
85: 259-271. 

Holdhaus, K. 1924. Monographie du genre Reicheia Saulcy (Coleoptera Carabidae). Abeille, 
32: 161-220. 

Magrini, P. 2008. Una nuova Typhloreicheia endogea délia Sicilia (Coleoptera, Carabidae). 
Fragmenta entomologica, Roma, 39 (2): 179-185. 

Magrini, P., Bastianini, M. & Petrioli, A. 2003. Una nuova Typhloreicheia dell'Isola di 
Marettimo (Isole Egadi: Sicilia) (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Atti del Museo di Storia natu- 
rale délia Maremma, 19 (2001): 93-98. 

Magrini, P. & Baviera, C. 2003. Una nuova Typhloreicheia troglobia délia Sicilia (Coleoptera 
Carabidae). Naturalista siciliano, S. IV, 27 (3-4): 213-223. 

Magrini, P., Degiovanni, A. & Petrioli, A. 2011. Una nuova Typhloreicheia Holdhaus, 1924 
délia Sicilia (Coleoptera Carabidae). Fragmenta entomologica, Roma, 42 (2) (2010): 
387-393. 

Vitale, F., 1927. Coleotteri nuovi o poco conosciuti di sicilia. Memorie délia Società entomo- 
logica italiana, 6:44-54. 



Revue suisse de Zoologie 118 (2): 345-400; juin 2011 



An annotated list of the Orthoptera (Insecta) species described 
by Alphonse Pictet (alone, and with Henri de Saussure) with an 
account of the primary type material présent in the 
Muséum d'histoire naturelle in Geneva. 

John HOLLIER 

Muséum d'histoire naturelle, C.R 6434, CH-1211 Genève 6, Switzerland. 
Email: john.hollier@ville-ge.ch 

An annotated list of the Orthoptera (Insecta) species described by 
Alphonse Pictet (alone, and with Henri de Saussure) with an account of 
the primary type material présent in the Muséum d'histoire naturelle 
in Geneva. - Pictet described 193 species or subspecies, most of them in 
collaboration with Saussure. The names are listed alphabetically, and the 
location of the type material (if known) and the current nomenclatural 
combination are given. When there is primary type material in the Geneva 
Natural History Muséum (MHNG) the sex, label data and condition of the 
spécimens is given, along with their location within the collection. 

Keywords: Ensifera - Caelifera - type-catalogue - Biologia Centrali- 
Americana. 

INTRODUCTION 

Alphonse Pictet (1838-1903) came from a family with strong links to the 
Geneva Natural History Muséum (MHNG). His father, François-Jules Pictet (1809- 
1872), vvas professor of Zoology in Geneva for nearly thirty years and can be consi- 
dered the "godfather" of the MHNG, while his brother Edouard Pictet (1835-1879) 
made some important contributions to the Museum's Neuroptera collections (Hollier, 
2007). In his studies of the Orthoptera Alphonse Pictet collaborated with Henri de 
Saussure (1829-1905), another of François-Jules Pictet's pupils and one of the leading 
authorities on the Orthopteroid insects at that time. Four papers (Pictet 1888; Pictet & 
Saussure, 1887, 1891, 1892) dealt primarily with material in the Muséum or Saussure's 
collections (the latter were officially donated to the MHNG in 1903, but the distinction 
between the two collections was not always made clear in the literature before that). 
Their collaboration on the first Orthoptera volume of the Biologia Centrali- American 
(BCA) (Saussure & Pictet, 1897, 1898) was a very différent project. The BCA was an 
encyclopedia of the natural history of Mexico and Central America published in 215 
parts in London by the editors Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin (of the 
British Muséum (Natural History)). The work was largely based on material collected 
specifically for the project by naturalists such as Herbert H. Smith (1851-1919), who 
went on to become curator of the Carnegie Muséum of Natural History (Philadelphia, 
USA), and George C. Champion (1851-1927) who also acted as managing editor for 



Manuscript accepted 03 .0 1 .20 1 1 



346 



J. HOLLIER 



the séries. Unless otherwise stated in the description, the assumption is that the type 
material of the species described in the BCA is in the Natural History Muséum in 
London (BMNH). 

The MHNG collection was revised by Saussure, and his successor Johann Cari 
(see Hollier, 2010), and the material has been studied by many specialists, so that it is 
not always possible to tell who attached type labels to the spécimens. The Neotropical 
material was examined by Carlos Carbonell (Montivedeo, Uruguay), who labelled 
many spécimens as holotypes or "hololectoypes" although many of thèse have not 
been officially designated. Poitr Naskrecki (Harvard, USA) examined and photo- 
graphed many of the Tettigonioidea types and put the images on OSF. 

Pictet described 193 species, mainly in collaboration with Saussure. Type 
material of 158 of thèse has been identified in the collection of the Geneva Natural 
History Muséum (MHNG). Presumed types of two further species have been on loan 
from the MHNG collections since the 1970s. Type material of 65 species is in the 
BMNH (in some cases syntypes of a given species occur in both collections). Pictet 
and Saussure did not designate holotypes, and did not normally label type material as 
such, and some of the spécimens labelled as syntypes may be holotypes by monotypy. 

Some unavailable names are attributed to Pictet in the literature and thèse are 
treated at the end of the catalogue. 

ARRANGEMENT AND FORMAT 

The species are listed alphabetically. The format for each is: 

species name Author, work: page [Original generic placement]. 

Type locality (as given in the original descrition). Type séries. 

Number of spécimens. Spécimen: "Label data" [format of label]. Following the 
recommendations of Ohl & Oswald (2004) the condition of each spécimen is noted, 
although minor damage to the tips of the antennae or wing margins is not enumerated. 
Other comments. Location of material in the MHNG main Orthoptera collection. 

Currently valid binomen of taxon (according to OSF). 

The abbreviation OSF refers to Orthoptera Species File Online (Eades & Otte, 

2010). 

CATALOGUE 

acutipennis Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 16-17, fig. 9 [Chlorotribonia]. 
Java. Unspecified number of 6 and 9 . 

Two 6 and three 9 syntypes. A S with labels: "624 10, JAVA" [printed on 
yellow paper]; "Chlorotribonia brevifolia de Haan, S Java" [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Mioacris acutipennis P. & S., det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination hand- 
written on white card with de Jong's name and date printed]; "Syntypus" [printed on 
red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded. A â with labels: "Chlorotribonia brevi - 
folia de Haan" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Mioacris acutipennis P. & S., det. C. 
de Jong 1938" [détermination handwritten on white card with de Jong's name and date 
printed]; "Chlorotribonia acutipennis P. + S., det. C. de Jong 1938, LECTOTYPE Ô" 
[détermination and "LECTO" handwritten on white card with de Jong's name, date and 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



347 



"TYPE" printed]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper|. Spécimen set with wings spread; 
the tarsi of the left front and middle legs are missing. A 9 with labels: " 9 Java" [hand- 
written on yellow paper]; "Chlorotribonia brevifolia de Haan" [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Mioacris acutipennis P. & S., det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination hand- 
written on white card with de Jong's name and date printed]; "Chlorotribonia acuti- 
pennis P. + S., det. C. de Jong 1938, LECTOTYPE 9" [détermination and "LECTO" 
handwritten on white card with de Jong's name, date and "TYPE" printed]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded. A 
9 with labels: "JAVA, FRUHSTORF." [printed on whitish paper]; "Chlorotribonia 
brevifolia de Haan" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Mioacris acutipennis P. & S. 9 , 
det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination handwritten on white card with de Jong's name 
and date printed]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; 
most of the left antenna is missing. A 9 with labels: "JAVA, FRUHSTORF." [printed 
on whitish paper]; "Chlorotribonia brevifolia de Haan" [handwritten on yellow paper]; 
"Mioacris acutipennis P. & S. 9 , det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination handwritten on 
white card with de Jong's name and date printed]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded. Although the species is mentioned by de Jong (1938: 
36) he did not designate a lectotype. Images on OSF. Box E7. 
Mioacris acutipennis (Pictet & Saussure, 1892). 

acutipennis Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 383, 384-385, pl. 19, figs 9-10 [Eriolus]. 

Panama, Bugaba (Champion). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Eriolus acutipennis Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

albimacula Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 451 , pl. 22, figs 3-5 [Celidophylla]. 

Nicaragua, Chontales (Janson). Unspecified number of . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a cT from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Celidophylla albimacula Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

amplifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 455, 456, pl. 22, fig. 17 [Chlorophylla]. 
Ecuador?, Cashiboya. Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. Vignon (1931: 77) could not trace 
the type material. 

A junior synonym of Cycloptera speculata (Burmeister, 1838). 

angustipennis Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 341, 344-345 [Anaulacomera]. 
Guiana; Cayenne. Unspecified number of S . 
Spécimen missing. Box B31. 

Anaulacomera angustipennis Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

arbustorum Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 325 [Plagiopleura]. 

Brazil, Espiritu Santo. More than one â (size variation mentioned). 



348 



J. HOLLIER 



Two 6 syntypes. A â with labels: "Plagiopleura arbustorum Sss. et Pict." 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus, Plagiopleura arbustorum S & P" [hand- 
vvritten on red card with "Holotypus" printed] . Spécimen set with wings spread; two 
tarsal segments are missing from both front legs. A $ with labels: "Espirito Santo, 
Brasil, ex coll. Fruhstorfer" [printed on green card]; "Plagiopleura arbustorum Sss. et 
Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Geneva" [printed on a strip of yellow paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the tibia and tarsi 
of the left front leg are lost, as are both middle legs and the left hind leg. The spécimen 
with folded wings appears to be the variety "minor" referred to in the original descrip- 
tion. Images on OSF. Box B23. 

Plagiopleura arbustorum Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

arcuata Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 455, 456, pl. 22, fig. 19 [Chlorophylla]. 
Ecuador (Mus. Genavense). One damaged 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. Vignon (1931: 78) could not trace 
the type. 

Cycloptera arcuata (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

argentinus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 372 [Diponthus]. 

République Argentine, Buenos- Ayres. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Buenos Ayres" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Prionacris argentinus Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Diponthus argen- 
tinus P. et S." [handwritten on green paper]; "Diponthus argentinus P.-S., Holotypus 9 , 
C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with 
wings spread; the right antenna is missing. Images on OSF. Box ZI 5. 

Diponthus argentinus Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 

aridifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 452, 454, pl. 22, figs 12-13 [Mimetica]. 

Costa Rica, Rio Sucio (Rogers). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Mimetica aridifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

ater Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 287, 291, pl. 14, figs 8-9 [Stenopelmatus]. 
Costa Rica (Rogers). Unspecified number of S . 

One â syntype with labels: "R. Susio, Costa Rica, H. Rogers" [printed on white 
paper]; "Stenopelmat. ater P. et Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus, Sténo - 
pelmatus ater Pict. & Sauss." [handwritten by Hubbell on red card with "Holotypus" 
printed] . Spécimen lacks most of the left antenna and the last tarsal segment of the right 
middle leg. Although Hubbell labelled this spécimen as the holotype it is actually a 
syntype and there are further syntypes in the BMHN according to their database. OSF 
states that one of thèse is the lectotype, but no such désignation seems to have been 
published. Box Ol. 

Stenopelmatus ater Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTKRA 



349 



atriceps Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 305-306, fig. 8 [Gryllacris]. 
Indes orientales. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Gr. atriceps Pic. + Ss." [handvvritten on lined white 
paper]; "Gryllacris atriceps, 9 P. et S." [handvvritten on yellovv paperj; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Indes 
orient." handvvritten in the lower right corner. The spécimen is set with right wings 
spread and left wings folded; most of the spread wings have been lost, as have both 
antennae, both front legs, the right middle leg and the left hind leg. The ovipositor has 
been broken off near the base and is missing. Box N3. 

A junior synonym of Stictogryllacris picteti (Kirby, 1906). 

atricula Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 315-316, fig. 16 [Gryllacris]. 
Amérique. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

No spécimens found in the MHNG collections. Griffini (1909: 402) considered 
this species a synonym of G. picta Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1888. He placed a 9 
spécimen in the collection under that name, but stated it was not the type of G. atricula 
because the measurements did not match. The whereabouts of the type material is 
unknown. Box N4. 

Brachybaenus atricula (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

azteca Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 376, 379, pl. 19, fig. 1 [Copiophora] . 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H: Smith). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Copiphora azteca Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

azteca Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 346-347, pl. 16, figs 17-19 [Ctenophlebia]. 

Mexico; Atoyac in Vera Cruz, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith); Nicaragua, 
Chontales (Janson); Panama, Bugaba, Volcan de Chiriqui (Campion). Unspecified 
number of S and 9 . 

One S and two 9 syntypes. A S with labels: "Bugaba, 800-1500 ft., 
Champion." [printed on white card]; "Ctenophlebia azteca Brunn." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Geneva" [printed on a strip of yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on 
red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both antennae is missing, as is the 
right hind leg. The abdomen is much shrivelled. A 9 with labels: "Teapa, Tabasco, Feb. 
H.H.S." [printed on white card]; "Ctenophlebia azteca Brunn." [handvvritten on green 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the 
left antenna is missing. A 9 with labels: "Chontales, Nicaragua, Janson" [printed on 
white card]; "Ctenophlebia azteca Brunn." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of both antennae and the 
tibia and tarsi of the right hind leg are lost. There are further syntypes in the BMNH 
(images on OSF). Box B32. 

Viadana azteca (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

azteca Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 296, pl. 14, fig. 19 [Glaphyrosoma]. 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of 9 . 



350 



J. HOLLIER 



No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The type material ought to be in the 
BMNH but OSF does not list the type depository and the species is not listed on the 
BMNH database. 

Lutosa azîeca (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

azteca Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 415,419 [Gongrocnemis]. 

Mexico, Cordova in Vera Cruz (Hôge, Saussure). Unspecified number of â and 
9 (size variation mentioned). 

Four â syntypes. A S with labels: "Cordova, Mexico, Hoege" [printedon white 
card]; "Gongrocnemis azteca Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; 
most of the right antenna is missing. A S with labels: "Cordova, Mexico, Hoege" 
[printed on white card]; "Gongrocnemis azteca Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper] . Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings 
folded; most of the left antenna, the tarsi of the right front leg and the left front and 
middle legs are lost. A 6 with labels: "Potrero, Sumichrast" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Gongrocnemis azteca Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the right antenna is missing 
and the right hind leg is detached and secured through the fémur on the original pin. A 
â with labels: "Gongroc-, nemis, azteca, Ss., â Type!" [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. The species name label in the insect box has the 
locality "Mexico" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with wings 
spread; most of both antennae are missing. The left hind leg is detached and secured 
through the fémur on the original pin, and the top of the abdomen has split so that the 
end is now curved under the body parallel to the proximal part. The spécimens 
collected by Hôge are smaller than the others, which presumably represent the 
varieties. Although the description treats both sexes no 9 spécimens were identified in 
the MHNG collection. Box E20. 

A junior synonym of Gongrocnemis bivittata Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1895. 

aztecum Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 26, fig. 21 [Acanthoprion]. 
Mexico, Oudonga. Unspecified number of 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Mexique, Oudouga" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "azteca" [handwritten on white paper]; "Aprion aztecum P. & Sauss." [hand- 
written on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]; "Probably a syntype" 
[handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings 
folded; the antennae, the last tarsal segment of the left front leg, two tarsal segments of 
the left middle leg, the right middle leg and the left hind leg are missing. A 9 with 
labels "Acanthaprion azteca P. & Ss." [handwritten on white paper]; "Aprion aztecus 
p. & Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Probably a syntype of A. aztecum Pict. & 
S. 1892, Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; 
the antennae, the left front leg, left middle leg, the tibia and tarsi of the right middle 
leg, the left hind leg and two tarsal segments of the right hind leg are lost. There is a 
detached hind leg secured on a separate pin, but it is not clear to which spécimen it 
belongs. Images on OSF. Box E8. 

Acanthoprion aztecum Pictet & Saussure, 1892. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



351 



aztecus Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 299, 300, pl. 14, fig. 23 [Ceuthophilus]. 

Mexico, Atoyac in Vera Cruz (Schumann). Unspecified number of 6 and 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 syntype, erroneously 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH according to their database. 

Argyrîes aztecus (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

aztecus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 389, 391-392 [Conocephalus] . 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith); Costa Rica (Rogers), Rio General, 
Pacific Coast (var minor). Unspecified number of ô* and 9 (size variation mentioned). 

One 6 and two 9 syntypes. A 6 with labels: "Teapa, Tabasco. Feb. H. H. S;' 
[printed on white card]; "Conocephalus aztecus Sauss + P." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the right 
antenna and the tarsi of the left middle leg are lost. A 9 with labels: "Teapa. Tabasco. 
Feb. H. H. S." [printed on white card]; "Conocephalus aztecus Sauss + P." [handwritten 
on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; 
the ends of the antennae and the tarsi of the right middle leg are missing. A 9 with 
labels: "Teapa. Tabasco. Feb. H.H.S." [printed on white card]; "Conocephalus aztecus 
Sauss + P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen 
set with wings folded; the tibia and tarsi of the right front leg are missing. There are 
further syntypes in the BMNH. Images on OSF. Box F7. 

A junior synonym of Neoconocephalus affinis (Beauvois, 1805). 

aztecus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 358, 363-364, pl. 17, fig. 13 [Microcentrum]. 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 6 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Orophus aztecus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

barellus Pictet, 1888: 11-12, fig. 4 [Posidippus]. 

Cayenne (Bar). Unspecified number of 6 and 9 . 

One 6 syntype with labels: "Posidippus spec. nov. Brunn. exam." [handwritten 
on white paper]; "Posidippus Barella, Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Lectotype 
6 , Posidippus barellus Pictet, 1888, Desig. Emsley, 1969" ["Type" printed and the rest 
handwritten by Emsley on red card] . The species name label in the insect box has the 
locality "Cayenne" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with wings 
spread; both front legs and the right middle leg are missing and the left middle and hind 
legs lack the tarsi. Emsley (1970) referred to a maie holotype and female allotype in 
the MHNG, but there was no such désignation in the original description and so the 
spécimens are syntypes. The 9 spécimen could not be found in the MHNG collection, 
and there was no gap in the insect box. Images on OSF. Box B27. 

Steirodon barellum (Pictet, 1888). 

bariana Pictet. 1888: 10-11, fig. 3 [Apocerycta] . 
Cayenne (Bar). Unspecified number of 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Cayenne, Portai Guyane" [printed on green 
paper]; "Apocerycta bariana, Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed 



352 



J. HOLLIER 



on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; both antennae, the left front leg, the tibia 
and tarsi of the right front leg, the tarsi of both middle legs and the last two tarsal 
segments of the right hind leg are missing, as is most of the fémur, the tibia and the 
tarsi of the left hind leg. A 9 with labels: "Cayenne" [printed on green paper]; 
"Apocerycta bariana, Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Geneva" [printed on 
yellowish paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; 
the tarsi of the left front leg, the tibia and tarsi of the right front leg, the last tarsal 
segment of the left middle leg and the last two tarsal segments of the right middle leg 
are missing. Images on OSF. Box B34. 
Apocerycta bariana Pictet, 1888. 

biloba Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 338-339 [Colpolopha]. 
Pérou. Unspecified nuber of 9 . 

One £ syntype with labels: "Pérou, Mr H de Saussure" [handwritten on a strip 
of white card]; "Colpolopha biloba Sss. et Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Colpolopha bilobata Pict. et S., Holotypus, C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by 
Carbonell on red card] . Spécimen lacks both antennae, the left middle leg and the tibiae 
and tarsi of both hind legs. Images on OSF. Box Z3. 

Colpolopha biloba Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 

brahmina Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 306-307, fig. 9 [Gryllacris]. 
Indes orientales. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One £ syntype with labels: "G. brahmina Pic, S s." [handwritten on lined white 
paper]; "16, Ind. orient? Musée" [handwritten on white paper]; "Gryllacris brahmina, 
9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. 
Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; the spread wings are rather 
frayed, most of both antennae, the last tarsal segment of the left front leg, the tibia and 
tarsi of the right front leg, the tarsi of the left middle leg, the right middle and hind legs 
and the tibia and tarsi of the left hind leg are ail missing. This species is actually 
African rather than Indian, and according to the species name label in the insect box 
this spécimen was identified as G. africana Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1888 by Griffini 
(a species currently placed in the genus Afro gryllacris Karny). Box N3. 

Gryllacris brahmina Pictet & Saussure, 1891. 

brevicauda Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 415, 420, pl. 20, fig. 7 [Gongrocnemis]. 

Costa Rica, La Uruca (Biolley). Unspecified number of 9 . 

One £ syntype with labels: "La Uruca 107, 1100m, P. Biolley" [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Costa Rica" [handwritten on green paper]; "Gongrocnemis brevicauda 
Sauss. + P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. 
Spécimen set with left wings roughly spread and right wings folded. Images on OSF. 
Box E20. 

Ancistrocercus brevicauda (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

brevistylus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 410 [Lichenochrus]. 

Mexico, Cordova (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of 8 and 9 (the 
latter only nymphs). 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



353 



One 6 syntype vvith labels: "Potrero, Sumichrast" fhandwritten on white pa- 
per]; "Lichenochrus brevistylus Sauss et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right vvings folded; 
most of both antennae and tvvo tarsal segments of the right hind leg are missing. Four 
9 nymphs near this spécimen may be those mentioned in the description, and thus 
syntypes. Box El 6. 

A junior synonym of Gongrocnemis munda Brunner von Wattenvvyl, 1895. 

brullei Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 22 [Chloracris]. 
Java. Unspecified number of $ and 9 . 

One 6 and one 9 syntype. A 6 with labels: "Pseudophyllus Brullei, P. & 
Sauss., ô* Java" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded, the antennae and the front and hind legs are missing 
apart from a detached fémur secured on the original pin. The right hind leg is detached 
and secured on a separate pin. A £ with labels: "Pseudophyllus Brullei P.+ Sauss, 9" 

[handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Although 
this spécimen does not have a locality label, the measurements correspond to those 
given in the original description. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both 
antennae, the tibia and tarsi of the left middle leg and the last tarsal segment of the right 
hind leg are missing. Box E3. 

Chloracris brullei Pictet & Saussure, 1892. 

californiens Pictet, 1888: 64-65, fig. 35 [Idiostatus]. 
Californie. Unspecified number of â . 

Lectotype S (designated by Rentz, 1973: 52) with labels: "CALIFORNIE, 603 
26" [name printed and number handwritten on white paper]; "LECTOTYPE, Idiostatus 
californicus PICTET, By D.C. RENTZ 1968" [handwritten by Rentz on white card 
with "Lectotype" and "By" printed in red]. Spécimen lacks the right antenna and the 
tarsi of the right middle leg. A paralectotype â is also présent. Images on OSF. Box 
K10. 

Idiostatus californicus Pictet, 1888. 

capreolus Pictet, 1888: 69-70, fig. 33 [Acanthoproctus] . 

Afrique méridionale, Cap de Bonne-Espérance. Unspecified number of â . 

One â and one 9 syntype. A â with labels: "620 91, Africa mer., Mus. de 
Calcutta" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "Acanthoproctus capreolus Pict." [hand- 
written on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks most of 
both antennae, the left front leg, the tibia and tarsi of the right front leg, the last tarsal 
segment of the right middle leg and both hind legs. A micro-tube containing dissected 
parts is secured on the original pin, as are the bracypterous fore wings which have been 
glued onto card. A 9 with labels: "620 91 , Africa mer., Mus. de Calcutta" [handwritten 
on ruled white card]; "1614" [handwritten on white card]; "1038/ S. Afr." [handwritten 
on a dise of whitish paper]; "Acanthoproctus capreolus Pict." [handwritten on pink 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks most of both antennae and 
the last tarsal segment of the left hind leg. Images on OSF. Box M3. 

Acanthoproctus vittatus capreolus Pictet, 1888. 



354 



J. HOLLIER 



cardinalis Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 360-361 [Tropidachs]. 
Guatemala. Unspecified. 

One 9 syntype vvith labels: "2 14, Guatemala, Mr H. d. Sauss." [handwritten on 
ruled white paper]; 'Tropidacris cardinalis P.-S., Holotypus 9 , C. S. Carbonell - 1966" 
[handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; both 
antennae, the last tarsal segment of the right front leg and two tarsal segments of the 
right middle leg are missing. Box ZI 1 . 

A junior synonym of Tropidacris chstata dux (Drury, 1773). 

carinata Pictet, 1888: 46-47 [Copiophora]. 

Haut- Amazone. Unspecified number of 6 . 

One â syntype with labels: "Copiophora capito Stâl, (carinata Pictet), type, 
Amazonie" [handwritten on green paper]; "Copiophora capito Stâl" [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; both 
antennae, the left front leg, the tibia and tarsi of the right front leg and both middle legs 
are missing, the hind legs are detached and secured on the original pin (one glued to 
card, the other transfixed through the fémur). The head, thorax and abdomen show 
signs of damage, presumably by muséum beetle. Box Fl. 

A junior synonym of Copiphora capito Stâl, 1873. 

carinifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 457, pl. 22, fig. 20 [Cycloptera] . 

Guiana (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of 6 (almost certainly a single 
damaged spécimen). 

Holotype 6 with labels: "Cycloptera carinifolia Sauss et P." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. There is also a brownish disk of card 
on which any writing there might have been has faded away. The species name label 
in the insect box has the locality "Amer, merid.?" handwritten in the lower left corner. 
Spécimen set with wings spread; the antennae, both front legs (apart from a detached 
fémur glued to card and secured on the original pin), the tarsi of the right middle leg 
and the ends of the fémurs, the tibiae and the tarsi of both hind legs are missing. The 
abdomen has been eviscerated and stuffed. The spécimen had lost the hind tibiae before 
the description. Images on OSF. Box E31. 

Paracycloptera carinifolia (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

carinulatus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 442, 443-4, pl. 21, fig. 14 [Scopiorus] . 

Mexico (coll. Brunner), Orizaba (H. H. Smith). More than one â . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a syntype, erroneously 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Scopiorinus carinulatus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

casamancae Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 23, fig. 13 [Mataeus]. 
Guinea, Casamanca. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Casmana, Mr Ed Sarazin" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "casamancae" [handwritten on white paper]; "Mataeus latipennis Karsch" 
[handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntype of M. casamancae Pict. + Saus., 1892, Hollier 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET' S ORTHOPTERA 



355 



2010" [handvvritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the antennae and 
ail of the legs except the right front leg are lost. The illustration of this species accom- 
panying the original description is of a spécimen with folded wings. Box El. 
A junior synonym oiZabalius apicalis apicalis (Bolivar, 1886). 

cephalotes Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 377, 380, pl. 19, fig. 2 [Copiophora]. 
Brazil, Rio Janeiro. Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The whereabouts of the type 
material is unknown. 

Copiphora cephalotes Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

championi Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 445 [Caloxiphus]. 

Guatemala, Panzos in Vera Paz (Champion). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Caloxiphus championi Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

championi Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 357, 360, pl. 16, fig. 30 [Microcentrum]. 

Panama, Bugaba (Champion). Unspecified number of â . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a S from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Orophus championi (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

championi Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 370, 371-372, pl. 18, figs 6-9 [Peucestes]. 

Guatemala, Panzos in Vera Paz (Champion, S ); Costa Rica, Caché (Rogers, 9 ). 
Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

The single cT spécimen in the MHNG collection, from Costa Rica was collec- 
ted by Biolley and so is not a type. The lectotype of this species, designated by Emsley 
(1970: 161), is in the BMNH. Images on OSF. Box B26. 

Steirodon championi (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

championi Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 298, pl. 14, figs 20-22 [Phoberopus]. 

Guatemala, Totonicapam 8000 to 10,000 ft., Cerro Zunil 5000 ft. (Champion). 
More than one . 

Lectotype S (designated by Hubbell, 1977: 296) with labels: "Totonicapam, 
8-10,000ft., Champion" [printed on white paper]; "Phoberopus championi P. et Sss" 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen lacks the 
left front leg. Box 09. 

Phoberopus championi Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

clarazianus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 336-337 [Alcamenes]. 

République Argentine (Claraz). Unspecifed number of 6 and 9 (colour 
variation mentioned). 

One â and one 9 syntype. A â with labels: "San José env. Claraz" [hand - 
written on white paper]; "Alcamenes clarazianus Sss. et Pict." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Claraziana S. et P." [handwritten on white paper]; "Alcamenes clarazianus P. 



356 



J. HOLLIER 



et S., Allotypus â , C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. 
Spécimen lacks about half of the right antenna and two tarsal segments of the left 
middle leg. A 9 with labels: "San José env. Claraz" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Alcamenes clarazianus Sss. et Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Alcamenes 
clarazianus P. et S., Holotypus 9 , C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on 
red card]. The original description gives measurements for the 9 only, which led 
Carbonell to regard it as the holotype (Carbonell pers. comm.), but maie characters are 
mentioned in the description and there is no type désignation, therefore both spécimens 
are syntypes. 

Images on OSF. Box Z2. 

Alcamenes clarazianus Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 

clarazianus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 370-371 [Diponîhus]. 

République Argentine, Entre-Rios, Bahia Blanca, San José. Unspecified 
number of S and 9 (colour variation mentioned). 

Three S and three 9 syntypes. A S with labels: "San José, Entre-Rios, env. 
Claraz" [handwritten on white paper]; "Prionac. clarazianus Pict. et Sss." [handwritten 
on green paper]; "Diponthus clarazianus P.-S., Hololectotypus [sic] et, C S Carbonell. 
1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread. A S 
with labels: "San José, env. Claraz" [handwritten on white paper]; "Prionac. clara- 
zianus Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; "CSC 1139" [handwritten by 
Carbonell on a strip of white card]; "Diponthus clarazianus P.-S., Paratypus CSC 1966" 
[handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the left 
antenna is missing. A micro-tube containing dissected parts and a label "1139" is 
secured on the original pin. A S with labels: "Bahia Blanca, env. G Claraz" [hand- 
written on white paper]; "Diponthus clarazianus â P. et S." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Prionac. clarazianus Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; "CSC 1141" 
[handwritten by Carbonell on a strip of white card]; "Diponthus clarazianus P.-S., 
Paratypus CSC - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with 
wings spread; the left front leg is missing. A micro-tube containing dissected parts and 
a label "1141" is secured on the original pin. A 9 with labels: "Colonie Suisse de San 
José, Entre-Rios, env. Claraz" [handwritten on white paper]; "Prionac. clarazianus Pict. 
et Saus." [handwritten on green paper]; "Diponthus clarazianus 9 P. et S." [hand- 
written on green paper]; "Diponthus clarazianus P.-S., Allolectotypus [sic] 9, C S 
Carbonell 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with left wings 
spread and right wings folded. A 9 with labels: "San José, Entre-Rios, env. Claraz" 
[handwritten on white paper]; "Prionac. clarazianus Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Diponthus clarazianus P.-S., Paratypus CSC - 1966" [handwritten by 
Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the left antenna, the last tarsal 
segment of the left front and middle legs, and the tarsi of both hind legs are missing. 
A 9 with labels: "Bahia Blanca, env. G Claraz" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Prionac. clarazianus Pict. et Saus." [handwritten on green paper]; "Diponthus clara- 
zianus P.-S., Paratypus CSC - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen 
set with wings folded; both antennae are missing. The lectotype does not seem to have 
been officially designated. Images on OSF. Box ZI 5. 

Diponthus clarazianus Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET' S ORTHOPTERA 



357 



comanchus Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 287, 290 [Stenopelmatus]. 

Northern Mexico, Durango (Hôge). Unspecified number of 6 and â . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The type material is in the BMNH 
according to their database. 

A junior synonym of Stenopelmatus fuscus Haldeman, 1852. 

consobrinus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 383, 384, pl. 19, figs 6-7 [Eriolus] . 

Guatemala, Lanquin in Vera Paz, Capetillo (Champion); Panama, Volcan de 
Chiriqui (Champion). Unspecified number of â and 9 (size variation mentioned). 

Three 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "V. de Chiriqui, belovv 1 ,000 ft.. Champion" 
[printed on white card]; "Eriolus consobrinus S. et P." [handwritten on green paperj; 
"Musée de Genève, No" [printed on white card with printed border]; "Eriolus conso- 
brinus Sauss." [handwritten on white card]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the left antenna. the tarsi of the right front and 
middle legs and the last tarsal segment of the left middle leg are lost. A 9 with labels: 
"V. de Chiriqui. 25-4000 ft.. Champion" [printed on white card]; "Eriolus consobrinus 
S et P" [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set 
with wings folded; the right antenna is missing and the abdomen is twisted so that the 
ovipositor points down and to the left. A 9 with labels: "V. de Chiriqui, 25-4000 ft.. 
Champion" [printed on white card]; "Eriolus consobrinus S et P" [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded the 
right antenna, both front legs and the tibia and tarsi of the right hind leg are lost. OSF 
states that the lectotype is in the BMNH, although it does not seem to have been for- 
mally designated. There are further syntypes in the BMNH (images on OSF). Box F2. 

Erioloides consobrinus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

coriacea Pictet, 1888: 9-10, fig. 2 [Prosagoga]. 
Guyane. Unspecified number of 6 . 

One S syntype with labels: "Cayenne, Portai Guyane" [printed on green paper]; 
"Prosagoga coriacea, Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red 
card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; both antennae, the tarsi of the left front leg, the 
last tarsal segment of the left middle leg and the last tarsal segment of the right hind 
leg are missing. Part of the terminalia is glued to a card secured on the original pin. 
Images on OSF. Box B33. 

harissa coriacea (Pictet, 1888). 

crenata Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 323, 324 [Ectemna]. 
Mexico, Cordova (Saussure). One 9 . 

Holotype £ with labels: "Ectemna carinata Br. var." [handwritten on white card 
with printed black border]; "Ectemna crenata Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Holotypus Ectemna crenata Sauss." [handwritten on red card with "Holotypus" 
printed]. The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Mexique" hand- 
written in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings 
folded; most of both antennae is missing, the left front and middle legs lack two tarsal 
segments, the right middle leg lacks the tarsi and the right hind leg is missing. Images 
on OSF. Box B23. 

Ectemna crenata Saussure & Pictet. 1897. 



358 



J. HOLLIER 



cribrosum Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 358. 362 [Microcentrum]. 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of S . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a S from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Orophus chbrosus (Saussure & Pictet. 1898). 

cultricornis Pictet, 1888: 47-48. fig. 23 [Copiophora]. 

Amérique centrale. Unspecified number of 6 and 9 . 

Three 9 spécimens. A 9 with labels: "V. de Chiriqui. 2-3000 ft.. Champion" 
[printed on white card]: "cultricollis [sic]** [handwritten on white paper]: "cultricornis 
Pict., cultricollis?" [handwritten on green paper]; "Possible syntype of C. cultricornis 
Pictet. 1888? Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings fol- 
ded. A £ with labels: "V. de Chiriqui, 2-3000 ft.. Champion"" [printed on white card]: 
"Copiophora cultricornis Pict.*' [handwritten on green paper]: "Possible syntype of C. 
cultricornis Pictet. 1888? Hollier 2010"' [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings folded: most of the left antenna is lost. A 9 with labels: "Coll. G. et S.. Vole. 
Chiriqui. G.C. Champion" [printed on white paper]: "Copiophora cultricornis Pict." 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Possible syntype of C. cultricornis Pictet. 1888? Hollier 
2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both an- 
tennae, the right front and middle legs and both hind legs are missing. The locality 
labels suggest that thèse spécimens arrived in the MHNG collection when Saussure 
and Pictet were preparing the first Orthoptera volume of the Biologia Centrali- 
Americana (Saussure & Pictet 1898). meaning that they probably arrived after the 
publication of the description. This impression is reinforced by the fact that the loca- 
lity given in the description is only "l'Amérique centrale" rather than something more 
spécifie. However, in the BCA (Saussure & Pictet. 1898) the only localities mentioned 
are Chiriqui and Buguba in Panama, and Redtenbacher (1891: 342) refers to spécimens 
of this species from Chiriqui in the collection of Brunner von Wattenwyl, showing that 
Champion's material (it being unlikely that any other collector would have visited this 
particular site at the time) was in Europe at around the time of publication. The 
spécimens in the MHNG collection are therefore possibly syntypes: if not. the where - 
abouts of the type material is unknown. Images on OSF. Box Fl . 

Copiphora cultricollis Pictet. 1888. 

cyclops Saussure & Pictet. 1897: 305. 308. pl. 15. fig. 9 [Gryllacris]. 

Panama. Chiriqui (Champion). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The type material is in the BMNH 
according to their database. 

Brachybaenus cyclops (Saussure & Pictet. 1897). 

denticauda Saussure & Pictet. 1897: 341. 345. pl 16, figs 15-16 [Anaulacomera]. 

Mexico. Temax in N. Yucatan (Gaumer). Unspecified number of 6 and 9 
(variation in fémur mentioned). 

Specimen(s) missing. There is a 9 syntype. erroneously refered to as the holo- 
type on OSF. in the BMNH (images on OSF). Box B31 . 

Anaulocomera denticauda Saussure & Pictet. 1897. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



359 



dentipes Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 414,415-416 [Gongrocnemis]. 
Costa Rica, Caché (Rogers). Unspecified number of â . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a S from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Clepsydronotus dentipes (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

diadematus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 385-6; pl. 19, figs. 1 1 & 12 [Basileus]. 

Guiana, Cayenne (Portai). More than one 9 (size variation mentioned). 

Three £ syntypes. A £ with labels: "CAYENNE" [printed on a strip of green 
paper]; "Basileus diadematus, Sss & P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]; "Probably a syntype, Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the left antenna and the entire right antenna 
are lost. A 9 with labels: "Cayenne, Portai Guyane" [printed on green paper]; 
"Basileus diadematus, S. & P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Probably a syntype, 
Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread, most of the 
left antenna and the entire right antenna are lost, as are the tarsi of the right middle leg. 
A 9 with labels: "Basileus diadematus, S. & P." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Probably a syntype, Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings folded, the tip of the left antenna and the entire right antenna, the tarsi of the 
right middle leg and the last tarsal segment of the left hind leg are missing. Images on 
OSF. Box F3. 

Vestria diademata (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

dumicola Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 323 [Ectemna]. 

Panama, Bugaba (Champion). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Bugaba, 800-1 ,000 ft., Champion" [printed 
on white paper]; "Ectemna dumicola Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; "Geneva" 
[printed on a strip of yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set 
with wings folded; most of both antennae is missing, the left middle leg lacks the last 
tarsal segment and the right hind leg is lost. A 9 with labels: "Bugaba, 800-1,000 ft., 
Champion" [printed on white paper]; "Ectemna dumicola Sss" [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the ends 
of the antennae are lost as are the tarsi of both front legs, both middle legs and the tarsi 
of both hind legs. Images on OSF. There are further syntypes in the BMNH according 
to their database. Box B23. 

Ectemna dumicola Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

elliptifolia Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 18, fig. 11 [Microprion]. 
Java. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Microprion ceylonicus Brunner" [handwritten on 
yellow paper]; "Microprion elliptifolia P. & S., det. C. de Jong 1938, TYPE" [déter- 
mination handwritten on white card with de Jong's name, date and "TYPE" printed]; 
"Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The species name label in the insect box has the 
locality "Java" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with left wings 
spread and right wings folded; the antennae and ail legs are lost. The left hind wing is 



360 



J. HOLLIER 



detached and glued to a pièce of card pinned into the insect box next to the spécimen. 
A second 9 with labels "Microprion ceylonicus Brunner" [handwritten on yellow 
paperj; "Microprion elliptifolia P. & S., det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination hand- 
written on vvhite card with de Jong 's name and date printed] may be a second syntype. 
Images on OSF. Box E8. 

Phyllomimus elliptifolius (Pictet & Saussure, 1892). 

ephippium Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 332-333 [Orestera]. 
Pérou. Unspecified number of â . 

One â syntype with labels: "Pérou, Mr H de S." [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Orestera ephippium, â S. et P., Pérou M. H. de S." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Orestera ephippum P.-S., Holotypus, C S Carbonell 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell 
on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of the left antenna, the tarsi of the 
right front leg, the last tarsal segment of the left middle leg and the tarsi of the right 
middle leg are missing. Images on OSF. Box ZI . 

Hippacris ephippium (Pictet & Saussure, 1887). 

excisum Pictet, 1888: 26-21, fig. 9 [Typophyllum]. 
Cayenne (Bar). More than one S . 

There are no spécimens standing under this name in the MHNG even though 
Vignon (1931) states that he saw more than one S spécimen (only S characters were 
mentioned in the original description). It is probable that the syntypes are among the 
spécimens of Typophyllum trapeziforme (Stoll, 1787) in the MHNG collection (box 
E30), which are also from Cayenne (the type locality of T. excisum), but it is not 
possible to identify them. The spécimen in the Muséum National d'histoire naturelle 
(MNHN) in Paris referred to on OSF is that mentioned by Vignon (1931: 122) and not 
a type. 

A junior synonym of Typophyllum trapeziforme (Stoll, 1787). 

fagifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 455, 456, pl. 22, fig. 18 [Chlorophylla]. 

Ecuador. More than one 9 (colour variation mentioned). 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Ecuador, 6630, 1" [locality handwritten, numerals 
printed on white card]; "Chlorophylla fagifolia Sauss + P. var." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and 
left wings folded; most of the left antenna and the entire right antenna are missing, as 
are both front legs, the tarsi of the left middle leg and the tibia and tarsi of the right 
middle leg. The thorax is badly damaged, and the head and prothorax is separated from 
the rest of the body, the whole being supported on a pièce of cork secured on the ori- 
ginal pin. Images on OSF. Box E29b. 

A junior synonym of Cycloptera speculata (Burmeister, 1838). 

falcatus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 383, 384, pl. 19, fig. 8 [Eriolus]. 

Guatemala, Lanquin in Vera Paz (Champion). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Eriolus falcatus Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



361 



fasciculata Pictet & Saussure, 1891 : 310-31 1 , fig. 12 [Gryllacris]. 

Iles de la Sonde. Unspecified number of 9 (hind wings frayed, probably only 

one). 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Lahat, Sumatra, 11 - 18" [handvvritten on white 
card]; "Gryllacris fasciculata, 9 P. et Sss." [handvvritten on yellovv paper]; "G. fasci- 
culata Pic. et Ss. [handvvritten on lined white paper ]; "Musée de Genève, No 70" 
[number handvvritten on printed white card]; "Pict. Sss., Type" [names written and 
"Type" printed on pink card with black printed margin]. Spécimen set with wings 
spread; both hind wings, particularly the left, are frayed. Most of both antennae, the left 
front leg and the last tarsal segment of the left hind leg are missing. Box N4. 

Erythrogryllacris fasciculata (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

femoratus Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 299-300 [Onosandrus]. 
Les Indes orientales. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Promont. B. Sper" [handwritten on a strip of white 
paper]; "Onosandrus sp.?" [handwritten on pink card]; "Musée de Genève, No 107" 
[number handwritten on printed white card]; "Onosandrus femoratus Pict. et Sss." 
[handvvritten on yellow paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The species name 
label in the insect box has the locality "Indes orient." handvvritten in the lower left 
corner. The spécimen is in poor condition, having lost the antennae and ail of the legs 
except the right hind fémur and tibia, and part of a leg glued to the left side of the 
thorax. There are holes in the top and bottom of the thorax left by a previous pin. The 
current generic placement was questioned by Johns (1997: 133). It is not clear whether 
the spécimen is from Asia, as is stated in the description and on the species name label 
in the insect box, or from Southern Africa as the label on the spécimen pin indicates. 
Box 05. 

Paterdecolyus femoratus (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

fissa Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 414, 417, pl. 20, fig. 4 [Gongrocnemis]. 

Guatemala (Oltramare, Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of S . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. Although the original description 
indicates that the material is in the MHNG, there is a â from the type séries, stated to 
be the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Gongrocnemis fissa Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

flavifolium Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 455, pl. 22, fig. 6 [Typophyllum). 

Venezuela (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Venezuela" [handwritten on a strip of yellovved 
paper]; "Typophyllum flavifolia S. P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; most 
of both antennae, the left front leg and two tarsal segments of the right hind leg are lost. 
Images on OSF. Box E30. 

Typophyllum flavifolium Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

forceps Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 327, pl. 15, figs. 24-27 [Chloroscirtus]. 
Guatemala, Duenas (Champion). One damaged 6 . 



362 



J. HOLLIER 



No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The holotype is in the BMNH 
(images on OSF). 

Chloroscirtus forceps Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

foreli Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 346, 348 [Ctenophlebia]. 

Colombia, Santa Marta (Dr. A. Forel). Unspecified number of â . 

One cT syntype with labels; "St Martha, Colombie, Forel, 623 3" [handwritten 
on white paper]; "Ctenophlebia Foreli Sauss â type!" [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread, but the left 
forewing is folded back having been repaired with glue; most of both antennae and the 
tarsi of the left hind leg are missing. Images on OSF. Box B32. 

Viadana foreli (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

foreli Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 294-5, fig. 1 [Pamphagus]. 
Gabès (Dr. A. Forel). Unspecified number of â . 

One S syntype with labels: "620 84, Gabès, Tunisie, Mr A. Forel" [handwritten 
on ruled white card]; "Gabès, 1-7 IV" [handwritten on white card]; "Pamphagus forelii 
[sic] Sss., Gabès, M. H. S," [handwritten on white paper]; "Pamph. Foreli Sauss." 
[handwritten on pink paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen lacks the 
right antenna and the left middle leg. Box Y5. 

Paracinipe foreli (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

forreriana Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 301, 302-303, pl. 15, fig. 1 [Hemiudeopsylla]. 

Mexico, Ciudad in Durango 8100 ft. (Forrer). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

One S and one 9 syntype. A S with labels: "172" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Ciudad, Mex., 8100 ft., Forrer" [printed on white paper]; "Schoenobates 
Forreri P. et Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen lacks most of the left antenna and the entire right antenna and the left hind 
leg. The right hind leg is detached and secured on a separate pin. A 9 with labels: 
"Ciudad, Mex., 8100 ft., Forrer" [printed on white paper]; "Hemiudeopsylla Forreriana 
P. + Saus." [handwritten on green paper]; "Ceuthophilus (Hemiudeopsylla) genicularis 
S. & P. juv., det. T.H. Hubbell, 1960" [désignation and last numéral of date handwritten 
on printed white card]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks most of both 
antennae, the right front and middle legs and the left hind leg. The right hind leg is 
detached and secured through the fémur on the original pin. There are further syntypes 
in the BMNH. Box 09. 

A junior synonym of Ceuthophilus genicularis (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

fraternus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 431, 433 [Cocconotus] . 

Panama, Volcan de Chiriqui (Champion). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Coll. G. et S., Vole. Chiriqui, G.C. 
Champion" [printed on white card]; "Cocconotus fraternus, 9 S - P." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most 
of the left antenna and the last segment of the left hind leg are lost. The abdomen has 
shrunk laterally. A 9 with labels: "Coll. G. et S., Vole. Chiriqui, G.C. Champion" 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



363 



[printed on vvhite card]; "Cocconotus fraternus, 9 S et P." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread, those on 
the left being considerably tattered; much of the right antenna is missing and the 
abdomen has shrivelled laterally. There is also a possible 6 syntype placed in the 
collection under the unpublished name "Cocconotus forceps Sauss. et Pict." This bears 
the labels: "Coll. G. et S., Vole. Chiriqui, G.C. Champion" [printed on white card]; 
"Cocconotus forceps, S, & P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntype of C. fraternus 
Sauss. & Pict. 1898?, Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings spread; most of both antennae, the left front leg and the tarsi of the right hind 
leg are missing. The left hind leg is detached and secured through the fémur on the 
original pin. There are further syntypes in the BMNH (images on OSF). Box E25. 
Docidocerus fraternus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

frutetorum Saussure & Pictet ,1898: 365 [Ischyra]. 

Guatemala (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â . 

One 6 syntype with labels: "Mr Oltram. 51 , Guatemala 603" [printed on white 
paper]; "Ischyra frutetorum Sss. et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both antennae, the tarsi 
of both front legs, the entire left middle leg and the last tarsal segment of both hind legs 
are lost. Images on OSF. Box B36. 

Ischyra frutetorum Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

furcatum Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 424, 425-426, pl. 20, figs 16-19 [Idiarthron]. 

Costa Rica (Biolley). More than one S (variation of the cerci mentioned) and 
an unspecified number of 9 . 

Five S and three 9 syntypes. A 6 with labels: "COSTA RICA, P. BIOLLEY" 
[printed on green paper]; "Idiarthron furcatum Sauss + P." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Lectotypus, Idiarthron furcatum S. & P." [handwritten on red card with 
"Lectotypus" printed]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; 
most of both antennae and the left middle leg is lost. A 6 with labels: "COSTA RICA, 
P. BIOLLEY" [printed on green paper]; "Idiarthron furcatum Sauss + P." [handwritten 
on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; 
most of the left antenna, the last tarsal segment of the right front leg and the left middle 
leg are missing. A 6 with labels: "COSTA RICA, P. BIOLLEY" [printed on green 
paper]; "Idiarthron furcatum Sauss + P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded. A S with labels: "COSTA 
RICA, P. BIOLLEY" [printed on green paper]; "Idiarthron furcatuum, Sauss & P., 
var.lamina supraanali vari" [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the right antenna, the last tarsal 
segment of the right front leg and the last tarsal segment of the right hind leg are 
missing. A 6 with labels: "339, El Campejal, 1000m, P. Biolley" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Idiarthron furcatum Sss. et Pt." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded. A 9 with labels: "COSTA 
RICA. P. BIOLLEY" [printed on green paper]; "Idiarthron furcatum Sauss & P." 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 



364 



J. HOLLIER 



wings folded; most of the right antenna and the claw of the right middle leg are 
missing. A 9with labels: "339." [handwritten on a square of white paper]; "Idiarthron 
furcatum Sss. et Pt." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; the right antenna has been repaired with glue. A 9 
with labels: "COSTA RICA, P. BIOLLEY" [printed on green paper]; "Idiarthron fur- 
catum Sauss & P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; most of both antennae and two tarsal segments of the 
left front leg are missing. A further three $ and one 9 with a locality "Amer, cent." 
may also be syntypes. There are further syntypes in the BMNH. Images on OSF. Box 
E22. 

Idiarthron furcatum Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

gaumeri Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 421, 422, pl. 20, fig. 11 [Anchiptolis]. 

Mexico, Temax in North Yucatan (Gaumer). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Gongrocnemis gaumeri (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

genicularis Saussure & Pictet 1897: 301-302 [Hemiudeopsylla]. 

Mexico, Cuidad in Durango 8100 ft. (Forrer). Unspecified number of â . 

Although OSF states that the spécimen in the BMNH is the holotype, the 
MHNG collections contain a single hind fémur labelled "Hemiudeopsylla geniculatus 
P. et Ss, Fimur! [sic]" [handwritten on green paper], the label being apparently contem- 
poraneous with the name labels on the other spécimens in the insect box. It is not clear 
if this is part of the BMNH spécimen or part of a second syntype. Box 09. 

Ceuthophilus genicularis (Saussure & Pictet 1897). 

genicularis Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 24, fig. 16 [Phyllozelus]. 
Patria? Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Phyllozelus genicularis P. et Sauss." [handwritten 
on yellow paper]; "Oviscapte large et court" [handwritten on white paper]; "Phyl - 
lozelus genicularis P. & S., det. C. de Jong 1938, Lectotype" [détermination and 
"Lectotype" handwritten on white printed card]. The species name label in the insect 
box has the locality "Asia merid?" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set 
with wings spread, the wings being rather tattered; the left antenna, two tarsal segments 
of the left front leg, the right front leg, two tarsal segments of both middle legs, the last 
tarsal segment of the left hind leg and the right hind leg are missing. The abdomen is 
much damaged, and has lost the end, which might explain why the spécimen is referred 
to as S on OSF. No formai lectotype désignation appears to have been published by de 
Jong. Images on OSF. Box E8. 

Phyllozelus genicularis Pictet & Saussure, 1892. 

godeffroyi Pictet, 1888: 50-52, fig. 29 [Agraecia]. 

Nouvelle Irlande. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

Two â syntypes. A â with labels: "603 34, New Irland" [handwritten on 
whitish paper]; "21" [handwritten on a square of white paper]; "Salomona godeffroyi, 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



365 



type! Pict." [handvvritten on lilac paper]; "Syntypus" (printed on red paper]. Spécimen 
set with wings folded; most of the left and the entire right antenna are missing, the left 
middle leg lacks the tarsi, the left hind leg lacks the tibia and tarsi and the right hind 
leg lacks the last tarsal segment. A â with labels: "603 34, New Irland (21)" [hand- 
vvritten on whitish paper]; "Salomona godeffroyi, type! Pict." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the 
right antenna is missing, as are ail three left legs and the last tarsal segment of the right 
middle leg. There is also a 9 with labels: "603 34, Cape York, N. Australia" [hand- 
written on whitish paper]; "15" [handwritten on white paper]; "Salomona goedeffroyi 
Pict." [handwritten on lilac paper]; "Syntype of S. godeffroyi Pictet?, Hollier 2010" 
[typewritten on white card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the antennae, right 
middle leg and the tibia and tarsi of the left hind leg are lost. The right front leg and 
left middle leg are detached and secured on the original pin. The abdomen has been 
eviscerated and stuffed, presumably at the time of capture. The locality label suggests 
that this is not part of the type séries, but the material was acquired at the same time as 
the syntypes. The collection also contains two more 9 and two juvéniles which may 
belong to the type séries. Part of the type séries of S. sigma Redtenbacher, 1891 is 
stated to be in the MHNG in the original description, but no spécimens are labelled as 
such (the latter species having being placed in synonymy with S. godefrroyi). Images 
on OSF. Box F19. 

Salomona godeffroyi (Pictet, 1888). 

goeldianus Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 295 [Pherterus]. 

Brazil, Rio Janeiro (Gôldi), Santa Catharina. More than one cT and 9 (size 
variation mentioned). 

Three â and three 9 syntypes. A S with labels: "R. JANEIRO, ERNI." 
[printed on green paper]; "Pherterus gôldianus P. & Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Lectotypus, should be designated, TH Hubbell" [handwritten on red card with 
"Lectotypus" printed] . Spécimen lacks most of both antennae and the tarsi of the right 
middle leg. A S with labels: "R. JANEIRO, ERNI." [printed on green paper]; 
"Pherterus gôldianus P. & Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; "# 1B Paratypus, 
Pherterus goeldianus, S & PTHH" [handwritten on red card with "Paratypus" printed]. 
Spécimen lacks most of both antennae and two tarsal segments of the right hind leg. A 
â with labels: "R. JANEIRO, Mr. Hy de Sauss." [printed on green paper]; "Pherterus 
gôldianus P. & Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; "# 1A Paratypus, Pherterus goel- 
dianus, S & P THH" [handwritten on red card with "Paratypus" printed]. Spécimen 
lacks most of both antennae, the last tarsal segment of the left front leg, the tibia and 
tarsi of the right front leg, most of the tibia and the tarsi of the right middle leg and the 
last tarsal segment of the left hind leg. A 9 with labels: "R. JANEIRO, ERNI." [printed 
on green paper]; "Pherterus gôldianus P. & Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Allotypus, Pherterus goeldianus, P. & S. THH" [handwritten on red card with 
"Allotypus" printed]. Spécimen lacks most of the right antenna. A 9 with labels: "R. 
JANEIRO, ERNI." [printed on green paper]; "Pherterus gôldianus P. & Sss" [hand- 
written on green paper]; "Paratypus, # 2 A (Not) Pherterus goeldianus P. & S., ad. 9 
THH" [handwritten on red card with "Paratypus" printed]. Spécimen lacks the tips of 



366 



J. HOLLIER 



the antennae. A 9 with labels: "R. JANEIRO, ERNI." [printed on green paper]; 
"Pherterus gôldianus P. & Sss" [handwritten on green paper]; "Paratypus, # 2B (Not) 
Pherterus goeldianus P. & S., THH" [handwritten on red card with "Paratypus" 
printed]. Spécimen lacks most of both antennae. No formai lectotype désignation 
appears to have been published. Box 04. 

Lutosa goeldianus (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

grandiocellata Pictet, 1888: 37, fig. 20 [Tanusia]. 

Guyane? (Ancienne collection Jurine). Unspecified number of â, but the 
provenance strongly suggests a single spécimen. 

One 9 with labels: "Tanusia grandiocelata Pic." [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Tanusia colorata Serv." [handwritten on green paper]; "11 (Vignon)" [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The species name label for T. colorata 
Serville in the insect box (under which the spécimen was placed) has the locality 
"Brasilia" written in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with left forewing spread, 
much of the thorax and the right wings are lost. Ail legs except the fémur of the right 
front leg are missing; the head and the left hind wing are detached and secured on 
separate pins. The abdomen shows signs of damage, presumably by muséum beetle. It 
is by no means clear if this is really part of the type séries, given that the sex is not that 
given in the description. Box E29. 

A junior synonym of Tanusia colorata (Serville, 1838). 

grioleti Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 20, fig. 15 [Tympanoptera]. 

Insulae Molucca (Dom. Griolet). Unspecified number of 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Tympanoptera Grioleti R & Ss." [hand- 
written on white paper]; "Oxyscelus grioleti P. + Sauss." [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]; "Probably a syntype! Hollier 2010" [hand- 
written on red paper], The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Ins. 
Asiae merid." handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with wings folded; the 
antennae, right front and middle legs and the last tarsal segment of the left middle and 
hind legs are lost. A 9 with labels: "Oxyscelus grioleti P. + Sauss." [handwritten on 
yellow paper]; "Syntype of T. grioleti Pict. & Sauss. 1892?, Hollier 2010" [handwritten 
on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded, the entire 
left antenna and most of the right antenna are missing, as is the left middle leg. The left 
hind leg is detached and secured through the fémur on the original pin. A third 9 
without locality label may also be a syntype. Images on OSE Box E9. 

Tympanoptera grioleti Pictet & Saussure, 1892. 

guatemalae Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 336-337, pl. 16, fig. 3 [Amblycorypha]. 

Guatemala (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â . 

One â syntype with labels: "Guatemala, H d. Sauss" [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Amblycorypha Guatemalae â S. et P." [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; both antennae, 
both front legs, the right middle leg, the tarsi of the right hind leg and the last tarsal 
segment of the left hind leg are missing. Images on OSF. Box B28. 

Amblycorypha guatemalae Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTKRA 



367 



hispida Pictet, 1888: 20-22, fig. 5 [Echimacris]. 
Haut-Amazone. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Haut Amazone" [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Echimacris hispida Pictet" [handwritten on green paperj; "Holotypus" [printed on red 
card]. The spécimen lacks the right antenna and one middle leg, the front legs and other 
middle leg are detached, as is one of the palps. Images on OSF. Box E10. 

A junior synonym of Choeroparnops tuberculatus (Walker, 1870). 

hoegei Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 334, pl. 16, fig. 1 [Phrixa]. 
Mexico, Cordova (Hôge). Unspecified number of S . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 6 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Phrixa hoegei Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

hoegei Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 450, pl. 22, fig. 1 [Tanusia]. 
Mexico, Cordova (Hôge). Unspecified number of $ . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a â from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Anommaîopîera hoegi (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

humbertiana Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 24-25, fig. 18 [Scutotribonia]. 
Ceylon (Al. Humbert). Unspecified number of 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "358" [handwritten on a strip of white 
paper]; "Ceylan, Humbert" [handwritten on white paper]; "Scutotribonia humbertiana 
P. + Sauss." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Scutotribonia humbertiana P. & S., det. 
C. de Jong 1938, LECTOTYPE" [détermination and "LECTO" handwritten on white 
card with de Jong 's name, date and "TYPE" printed]; "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set with left forewing spread and right wings folded; most of both 
antennae and the last tarsal segment of the right front leg are missing. A 9 with labels: 
"Scutotribonia Humbertianus P. + Ss." [handwritten on white paper]; "Scutotribonia 
humbertiana P. + Sauss." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper] . Spécimen set with wings folded; most of both antennae and the left front leg 
are lost. No formai lectotype désignation appears to have been published by de Jong. 
Box E7. 

A junior synonym of Zumala cingalensis. Walker, 1869. 

hybridus Pictet, 1888: 67-68, fig. 22 [Aprosphlyus]. 

Afrique méridionale, Angra. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "ANGRA" [printed on pink paper]; "Aprosphylus 
hybrida Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Holotype 9 , Aprosphylus hybrida Pictet, 
Det. D.C. Rentz 1980" [handwritten on white card with "Det. D.C. Rentz" printed]. 
Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; the antennae and ail legs 
except the right hind leg are lost. Images on OSF. Box K10. 

Aprosphylus hybridus Pictet, 1888. 



368 



J. HOLLIER 



ibex Pictet, 1888: 72-73, fig. 31 [Acanthoproctus]. 

Afrique méridionale. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype vvith labels: "620 74, Transvaal, Africa mer., Mr. Péringuey" 
[handvvritten on lined white card]; "TRANSVAAL, Péringuey" [locality printed and 
name handvvritten on white paper]; "Acanthoproctus ibex Pict." [handvvritten on pink 
paper]: "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen lacks both antennae and the tarsi 
of both front legs and the right middle leg. Images on OSF. Box M3. 

A junior synonym of Acanthoproctus diadematus (Stâl, 1858). 

icterus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 353 [Rhomalea]. 

République Argentine; Equateur, Quito. More than one 9 . 

Lectotype 9 (designated by Roberts & Carbonell, 1982: 55) vvith labels: 
"Quito, M H de Saussure" [handvvritten on white paper]: "Rhomalea icterus P. et S." 
[handvvritten on green paper]; "Rhomalea icterus Sss et Pict." [handwritten on green 
paper]: "Rhomalea icterus P.-S., Hololectotypus [sic] 9 , C S Carbonell - 1966" [hand- 
vvritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread. A 9 paralectotype 
is also présent. Images on OSF. Box Z8. 

Chromacris icterus (Pictet & Saussure, 1887). 

iheringi Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 357 [Zoniopoda]. 

Brésil Méridionale (Ihering). Unspecifed number of S and 9 . 

Lectotype S (designated by Carbonell, 2007: 24) vvith labels: "Brésil, Rio 
Grande da Sul, Dr Ihering, 614. 46." [printed on white paper]; "Zoniopoda Iheringi 
Pict." [handvvritten on green paper]; "Zoniopoda iheringi P.-S. S , Hololectotypus [sic], 
C S Carbonell 1966" [handvvritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings 
spread. A micro-tube containing dissected parts is secured to the original pin. Four 
other â and five 9 paralectotypes are also présent. Images on OSF. Box Z9. 

Chromacris iheringi (Pictet & Saussure, 1887). 

imbecilis Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 312-313 [Gryllacris]. 
Indes orientales. Unspecified number of â . 

Holotype 6 vvith labels: "Sibs., S. E. P." [printed on white paper]; "Gryllacris 
imbecilis, S P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Gryllacris imbecilis, S P. et S." 
[handvvritten on white paper]; "Gryllacris sp. n. vicina Gr. debilis Br." [handwritten, 
the first word in black and the rest in red ink, on a strip of squared white paper]; "Pict. 
Sss., Type" [names written and "Type" printed on pink card vvith black printed margin]; 
"Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings 
folded; the forewings are missing, as is most of the right hind wing. Most of both 
antennae, the tibia and tarsi of the left front leg, the right front and middle legs, the left 
middle leg, the tarsi of the left hind leg and the tibia and tarsi of the right hind leg have 
been lost. Box N3. 

A junior synonym of Phrygano gryllacris nivea (Brunner von Wattenvvyl, 1888). 

imperialis Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 361 [Tropidacris]. 
Amérique central; Guatemala. Unspecifed. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET' S ORTHOFTER A 



369 



One 9 syntype with labels: "Guatemala, [illegible words]" [printed on card 
(now discoloured)]: "Tropidacris imperialis P.-S., Holotypus 9 , C S Carbonell - 1 966'* 
[handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the last tarsal 
segment of the left front leg and the last tarsal segment of the left hind leg are missing. 
Box ZI 1. 

A junior synonym of Tropidacris cristata dux (Drury. 1773). 

inca Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 432,436 [Cocconotus]. 
Peru. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Pérou, Mr Hy de Saussure" [handwritten on a strip 
of white paper]: "Cocconotus inca Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; most 
of both antennae and the last tarsal segment of the left hind leg are missing. The right 
middle and left hind legs are detached and secured through the fémur on the original 
pin. Images on OSF. Box E25. 

Incanotus inca (Saussure & Pictet. 1898). 

inermis Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 386. 387-388. pl. 19. fig. 17 [Pyrgocorypha]. 

Costa Rica, San José (Biolley). Unspecified number of 6 . 

One 6 syntype with labels: "San José. 1135m" [handwritten on whitish paper]: 
"Pyrgocorypha inermis S. P." [handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded: most of both antennae are lost. Images on 
OSF. Box F4. 

A junior synonym of Pyrgocorypha hamaîa (Scudder. 1878). 

infîrmus Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 401. 402-403. pl. 19. figs 30-32 [Thydrus]. 

Guatemala. San Gerônimo (Champion): Guiana. Cayenne (Prudhomme). More 
than one 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "CAYENNE" [printed on a strip of green paper]: 
'Thydrus infîrmus Sauss & Pict." [handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus'* [printed 
on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left w ings folded: most of the 
left antenna and two tarsal segments of the left hind leg are lost. There are further 
syntypes in the BMNH (images on OSF). Box F24. 

A junior synonym of Phlugis cluy sopa Bolivar. 1888. 

javana Pictet & Saussure. 1892: 16 [Mioacris]. 
Java. Unspecified number of i and 9 . 

One c5 and one 9 syntype. A 6 with labels: "Mioacris javana Pict. et Sss." 
[handwritten on white paper]; "Chlorotribonia brevifolia de Haan" [handwritten on 
yellow paper]: ''Mioacris javana P.+S., det. C. de Jong 1938. LECTOTYPE â " [déter- 
mination and "UECTO" handw ritten on w hite card with de Jong "s name. date and 
"TYPE" printed]: "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. The species name label in the 
insect box has the locality ''Java" handw ritten in the low er right corner. Spécimen set 
with left wings spread and right wings roughly folded; both antennae are lost. as are 
the last tarsal segements of the front left and right hind legs. A 9 with labels: "Java. 



370 



J. HOLLIER 



601 39" [last number hand written, the rest printed on white paper]; "Chlorotribonia 
brevifolia de Haan" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Mioacris javana P.+S., det. C. de 
Jong 1938, LECTOTYPE 9 " [détermination and "LECTO" handwritten on white card 
with de Jong's name, date and "TYPE" printed]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; most of the left and the 
entire right antenna are missing, as are the left middle leg, the tibia and tarsi of the right 
middle leg and the right hind leg. The abdomen has shrunk and there are signs of 
damage, presumably by muséum beetle. Although the species is mentioned by de Jong 
(1938: 31) he did not formally designate a lectotype. Images on OSF. Box E7. 
Mioacris javana Pictet & Saussure, 1892. 

kanguroo Pictet, 1888: 14-15, fig. 38 [Macroscirtus]. 
Gabon. Unspecified number of â . 

Two â syntypes. A â with labels: "Gabon, Afrique occ.,M. Ed. Sarasin" [hand- 
written on ruled white card]; "Gabon, M.Ed Sarazin" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Genus novum, Mecopodidarum, Br. d." [handwritten on greyish paper]; "Macros- 
cirtus kanguroo Pictet" [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper] . Spécimen set with wings spread; the right forewing is detached and secured on 
separate pin, both front legs are detached and secured on a separate pin, and the ends 
of the antennae, the left middle leg and the last tarsal segment of both hind legs are 
missing. A S with labels: "Gabon, Afrique occ, M. Ed. Sarasin" [handwritten on ruled 
white card]; "Confluans de l'O-gowi Gabon, M.Ed Sarazin, 78" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Macroscirtus kanguroo Pictet" [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the left antenna and both front 
legs are missing, the left middle and hind legs lack the tarsi, the right hind leg lacks 
part of the tibia and the tarsi. According to OSF there is a $ syntype in the Museo 
Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNMS) in Madrid, but the original description only 
treats the S , and the Madrid spécimen is labelled "Macroscirtus kangaroo var Joannis 
Bol." in Bolivar's handwriting, this is not a syntype of M. kangaroo Pictet. Images on 
OSF. Box D8. 

Euthypoda kanguroo (Pictet, 1888). 

latifolia Pictet, 1888: 43-44, fig. 14 [Chlorophylla]. 
Cayenne (Bar). Unspecified number of 6 . 

One S syntype with labels: "Cayenne, Portai Guyane" [printed on green paper]; 
"Chlorophylla latifolia Pic." [handwritten on white paper]; "Chlorophylla latifolia 
Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set 
with wings spread; most of both antennae, the left front leg, the tarsi of the right front 
leg, both middle legs and two tarsal segments from each of the hind legs are missing. 
Images on OSF. Box E29b. 

A junior synonym of Cycloptera speculata (Burmeister, 1838). 

latipennis Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 322 [Amaura]. 

Mexico, Ventanas (Forrer). Unspecified number of 6 . 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET' S ORTHOPTERA 



371 



No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a â from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Ligocatinus latipennis (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

latipennis Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 31 1-312, fig. 13 [Gryllacris]. 
Java. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Gr. latipennis" [handwritten on a strip of white 
cardj; "Musée de Genève, No 29" [number handwritten on printed white card]; 
"Gryllacris latipennis, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Holotypus" [printed 
on red card]. The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Iles de la 
Sonde" handwritten in the lower right corner. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of 
both antennae and the left front leg are missing. Box N2. 

A junior synonym of Capno gryllacris signatifrons (Serville, 1838). 

latipennis Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 15, figs 6-7 [Onomarcus] . 
China. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

One â syntype with labels: "CHINE A.NAV., 601/94" [text printed, numerals 
handwritten on white paper j; "Onomarchus leuconotus Serv." [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Onomarchus leuconotus Serv. â , det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination hand- 
written on white card with de Jong's name and date printed]; "Syntype of O. latipennis 
Pict. & Saus. 1892, Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with right 
wings spread and left wings folded; both of most antennae and the last tarsal segment 
of the left middle leg are lost. No 9 syntypes could be located in the MHNG collection. 
Box E5. 

A junior synonym of Onomarchus leuconotus (Serville, 1838). 

latipennis Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 370, 371, pl. 18, fig. 2 [Peucestes]. 

Mexico (Mus. Genavense); Colombia. More than one 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Peucestes latipennis Sauss." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The species name label in the insect box has 
the locality "Amér. Cent." handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with left 
wings spread and right wings folded; the antennae, the tarsi of the left front leg, the 
right front leg, left middle leg, the tarsi of the right middle leg, two tarsal segments of 
the left hind leg and the claw of the right hind leg are missing. The abdomen has been 
eviscerated and stuffed, presumably at the time of capture. Images on OSF. Box B26. 

Steirodon latipennis (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

latipennis Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 351 [Rhomalea]. 
Brésil. One â . 

Holotype o* with labels: "477/56" [handwritten on dise of white card]; 
"Rhomalia [sic] latipennis Saus. Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Rhomalea lati- 
pennis, P. et S., type" [handwritten on green paper]; "CSC 1134" [handwritten by 
Carbonell on a strip of white card]; "Rhomalea latipennis P.-S., Holotypus- 1 134, CSC 
- 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. The species name label in the insect 
box has the locality "Brésil" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with 



372 



J. HOLLIER 



right wings spread and left wings folded; both antennae, the right front leg and the last 
tarsal segment of the left hind leg are missing. A micro-tube containing dissected parts 
and a label "CSC 1134" is secured on a separate pin with the label "Rhomalea lati- 
pennis P.-S., Holotypus, Genitalia No. 1 134, C S Carbonell" handwritten by Carbonell 
on red card. Images on OSF. Box Z6. 

A junior synonym of Chromacris nuptialis (Gerstaecker, 1873). 

laurifolia Pictet, 1888: 34-35, fig. 15 [Ommatoptera]. 

Brésil (Ancienne collection Jurine). One damaged 9 . 

Holotype 9 with labels: "Ommatoptera laurifolia Pic." [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Ommatoptera laurifolia 9 Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Tanusia 
laurifolia Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "12 (Vignon)" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread, the hind 
wings are rather tattered; the right antenna, the right front leg, the tarsi of the left 
middle leg and both hind legs are lost. Images on OSF. Box E29. 

Ommatoptera laurifolia Pictet, 1888. 

licornis Pictet, 1888: 45-46, fig. 24 [Copiophora]. 
Haute- Amazone. Unspecified number of 9 . 

There are no spécimens standing under this name in the MHNG. It is possible 
that the 9 type(s) are among the spécimens of Copiophora longicauda Serville, 1838 
in Box Fl. 

A junior synonym of Copiphora longicauda Serville, 1838. 

longicauda Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 317-318, fig. 17 [Eremus]. 

Indes orientales, côte de Malabar. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

One â and one 9 syntype. A â with labels: "Malabar Coast, Atzenwyler [?]" 
[handwritten on yellow paper]; "Eremus longicauda P. et S." [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. The spécimen has lost both antennae and ail 
of the legs except for the left hind fémur. A 9 with labels: "Malabar Coast, Atzenwyl. 
[?]" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Eremus longicauda Pict. et Ss." [handwritten on 
yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. The spécimen has lost both anten- 
nae and ail of the legs except for the left hind fémur. Box N6. 

Eremus longicauda Pictet & Saussure, 1891. 

longipennis Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 314-315, fig. 15 [Gryllacris]. 
Amérique. Unspecified number of â . 

No spécimens found in the MHNG collections. OSF states that the holotype is 
in the BMNH, but this may be a spécimen collected by Champion for the BCA (see 
Saussure & Pictet 1897: 307) and not a spécimen available to Pictet in 1891. Griffini 
(1909) did not mention this species in the MHNG collections. 

Abelona longipennis (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

longispina Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 345-346 [Elaeochlora]. 

Andes de la Nouvelle Grenade. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



373 



Possible 9 syntype vvith labels: "Pérou" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Elaeoch. longispina Sss. et Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Possible syntype? 
Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. The species name label in the insect box has 
the locality "Andes du Pérou" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen lacks the 
tarsi of right front leg. Roberts & Carbonell (1992: 91) state that the types could not be 
found, assuming that when the original description gave the type locality this meant 
Colombia or Venezuela (Carbonell in litt.). It is possible however, that "Nouvelle 
Grenade" was less precisely defined by Pictet & Saussure at the time of the description 
than it was by Roberts & Carbonell and that this Andean spécimen is a syntype. Images 
on OSF. Box Z4. 

Elaeochlora longispina Pictet & Saussure, 1887 (nomen dubium on OSF). 

loricatus Pictet, 1888: 6-7, fig. 1 [Stilpnothorax]. 

Afrique méridionale (Péringuey, Mus. du Cap). Unspecified number of 9 . 

One possible 9 syntype with labels: "Africa" [handwritten on pink paper]; 
"Pomatonota dregii Burm. (= Stilpnothorax loricata Pict.)" [handwritten on pink 
paper]; "Possible syntype of Stilpnothorax laricatus Pictet, 1888? Hollier 2010" [hand- 
written on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the ends of the antennae are 
missing. According to OSF there is a spécimen (referred to as the holotype) in the Iziko 
Muséum, Cape Town (SAMC). Unlike the spécimen now in the MHNG, the illus- 
tration accompanying the original description is of a spécimen with the wings spread. 
Box Dl. 

A junior synonym of Pomatonota dregii Burmeister, 1838. 

lunatum Pictet, 1888: 27-28, fig. 12 [Typophyllum]. 

Pérou, Mayobambo. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Mayobambo, Pérou, M. H. de Saussure" [hand- 
written on white paper]; "Typophyllum lunatum Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread, the hind wings 
being very tattered; most of both antennae and the left hind leg are lost. Images on 
OSF. Box E30. 

Typophyllum lunatum Pictet, 1888. 

macilentus Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 313-314, fig. 14 [Gryllacris]. 

Java. More than one 9 (variation in number of spines on fémur mentioned). 

Seven 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Java" [printed on yellow paper]; 
"Gryllacris macilenta, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Musée de Genève, 
No 52" [number handwritten on printed white card]; "G. macilentus Pic. + Ss." [hand- 
written on lined white paper]; "Lectotypus, Gryllacris macilentus, THH P. & S." [hand- 
written by Hubbell on red card with "Lectotypus" printed]. Spécimen set with right 
wings spread and left wings folded; most of both antennae, the left front leg and two 
tarsal segments of the left middle leg are missing. A 9 with labels: "Gryllacris maci- 
lenta, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings spread. A 9 with labels: "Java" [printed on yellow paper]; 
"Gryllacris macilenta, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed 



374 



J. HOLLIER 



on red paper]. Spécimen set vvith vvings folded; most of the right antenna and the enti- 
re left antenna are missing, as is the right front leg. A 9 with labels: "Java" [printed on 
yellow paper]; "Gryllacris macilenta, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with vvings spread; the right front leg 
is missing. A 9 vvith labels: "Java" [printed on yellow paper]; "Gryllacris macilenta, 
9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Musée de Genève, No 53" [number hand- 
written on printed white card]; "p. 81 - vie. thysanoides, H aw [?]" [handwritten in 
pencil on white paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right 
vvings spread and left wings folded; most of both antennae are missing. A 9 with la- 
bels: "Gryllacris macilenta, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Musée de 
Genève, No 54" [number handwritten on printed white card]; "Syntypus" [printed on 
red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both antennae is lost, and the head 
of a second pin projects from the pronotum. A 9 with labels: "Gryllacris macilenta, 9 
P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "G. macilentus" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings 
folded; most of the antennae, the left front leg and the tarsi of the left hind leg are lost. 
The spécimen is somewhat distorted, and seems to be teneral. The species name label 
in the insect box has the locality "Java" handwritten in the lower left hand corner. No 
formai désignation of a lectotype appears to have been published by Hubbell. Box N3. 
Ascarogryllacris macilenta (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

maculifolia Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 21, fig. 19 [Aprion]. 
Sumatra. Unspecified number of 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 vvith labels: "maculifolia" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Aprion maculifo-, lius P. + Sauss." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Morismus 9, 
oleifolius Fab., det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination handwritten on white printed 
card]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right 
wings folded; the tarsi of the right middle leg are lost. A 9 vvith labels: "Toerongie [?], 
Sumatra VI" [handwritten on white paper]; "Aprion maculifolius P. et Sss." [hand- 
written in pencil on white paper]; "Aprion maculifolia P. & Sauss." and "LECTOTYPE 
by C. de Jong" [handwritten, apart from printed word "TYPE", on white card, the two 
labels being glued together]; "Morsimus 9, oleifolius Fabr., det. C. de Jong 1938" 
[détermination handwritten on printed white card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; 
most of the left antenna is missing. No formai lectotype désignation or placement of 
the species in synonymy appears to have been published by de Jong. Box E10. 

Paramorsimus maculifolius (Pictet & Saussure, 1892). 

mancus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 342-343 [Draconata]. 
Colombie. Unspecified number of â . 

One â syntype with labels: "Colombie, 603 28" [country printed, numerals 
handwritten on white paper]; "Draconata mancus, 6 S. et P., Colombia Mr. H. d. Sss." 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Draconata mancus Sss. et P." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Draconata mancus P. et S. S , Holotypus, C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten 
by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen has lost the tip of the left antenna and the last 
tarsal segment of the left hind leg. Images on OSE Box Z4. 

Draconata mancus Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



375 



mandarinus Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 16 [Onomarcus]. 
Tonkin. Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in the MHNG collections. De Jong (1938: 22) was unable 
to locate the types. 

A junior synonym of Onomarchus uninotatus (Serville, 1838). 

manillensis Pictet, 1888: 7-9 [Elbenia]. 

Philippines, Manille. Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in the MHNG collections. The whereabouts of the type is 
unknown. 

Elbenia manillensis Pictet, 1888. 

maori Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 296-297, fig. 2 [Deinacrida]. 

Nouvelle Zélande. Unspecified number of 6 and 9 (colour variations men- 
tioned). 

Thirty eight â and thirty nine 9 syntypes, almost ail with labels: "Nov. 
Zealand, 619 41" [printed on bluish paper]; "Deinacrida maori Pict. et Sauss." [hand- 
written on lilac paper]. Some spécimens have the additional label: "Weta [sex], Mt. 
Cook Hermitage, 3.iv.89. H. Suter" [handwritten on white paper]. A 9 spécimen has 
the additional labels: "maori P. et S." [handwritten on white paper]; "Lectotypus, maori 
Pictet & Sauss., P. M. Johns vii.90" ["lectoypus" printed, the rest handwritten by Johns 
on red card]. This spécimen lacks the ends of the antennae and the tibia and tarsi of the 
left front leg. According to OSF there are further syntypes in the Staatliches Muséum 
fur Naturkunde (SMNS) in Stuttgart, the Martin Luther Universitàt in Halle (MLUH), 
the Museo Régionale di Scienze Naturali (MRSN) in Turin and the Zoologisch 
Muséum, Universiteit Amsterdam (ZMAN). Johns (1997) did not formally designate a 
lectotype. Boxes 03 and Doubles 55. 

Hemideina maori (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

maori Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 300-301, fig. 4 [Onosandrus]. 
Nouvelle Zélande. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

Two â and two 9 syntypes. A 6 with labels: "White horse hill" [handwritten 
on a strip of white paper]; "Nov. Zealand" [printed on blueish paper]; "Onosandrus 
maori Pict. et Sauss." [handwritten on lilac paper]; "Lectotypus, should be designated, 
T H Hubbell" ["Lectotypus" printed, the rest handwritten by Hubbell on red card]; 
"Lectotypus, Onosandrus maori P. & S., P.M. Johns vii.90" ["Lectotypus" printed, the 
rest handwritten by Johns on red card]. Spécimen lacks the end of the left antenna, the 
entire right antenna and the tarsi of the right hind leg. A â with labels: "White horse 
hill" [handwritten on a strip of white paper]; "Nov. Zealand" [printed on blueish pa- 
per]; "Onosandrus maori Pict. et Sauss." [handwritten on lilac paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks both antennae. A 9 with labels: "White horse 
hill" [handwritten on a strip of white paper]; "Nov. Zealand" [printed on blueish 
paper]; "Onosandrus maori" [handwritten on white paper]; "Onosandrus maori Pict. et 
Sauss." [handwritten on lilac paper]; "Allotypoid, should be designated, T H Hubbell" 
["allotypoid" printed, the rest handwritten by Hubbell on red card]. Spécimen lacks 



376 



J. HOLLIER 



both antennae. the tibia and tarsi of the left front leg and the entire left middle leg. A 
9 with labels: "White horse hill" [handvvritten on a strip of white paper]; "Nov. 
Zealand" [printed on blueish paper]; "Onosandrus maori Pict. et Sauss." [handvvritten 
on lilac paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks most of the left 
antenna and the tarsi of the right hind leg. An immature 9 with the same data labels 
may also be considered a syntype. No formai lectotype désignation vvas published by 
Johns (1997). Box 05. 

A junior synonym of Hemiandrus maculifrons (Walker, 1869). 

marmorata Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 452, 453-454, pl. 22, figs 10-11 [Mimetica]. 

Costa Rica, Caché (Rogers); Panama, Tolé (Champion). More than one 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Cache, Costa Rica, H. Rogers" [printed on white 
card]; "17 (Vignon)" [handwritten on a square of white paper]; "Mimetica marmorata 
Sauss + Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]; "A 
syntype!, Hollier. 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread, 
the right forewing is detached, glued to card and secured on a separate pin, the hind 
wings are rather ragged; the end of the left antenna, most of the right antenna and the 
last tarsal segment of the right middle leg are missing. The left hind leg is detached, 
but held in place amongst the other legs. There is at least one syntype in the BMNH 
according to their database. Images on OSF. Box E29b. 

A junior synonym of Mimetica incisa (Stâl, 1875). 

martinicum Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 357, 359-60 [Microcentrum]. 
Antilles, Martinique. Unspecified number of 6 and 9 . 

One 6 syntype with labels: "Martinique" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Microcentrum martinica Sss. et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Geneva" [printed 
on a strip of yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings spread; the ends of the antennae and the last tarsal segment of each of the middle 
and hind legs are missing. A 9 spécimen without a locality label has also been labelled 
as a syntype, but wing is considerably larger than the measurement given in the ori - 
ginal description so this is doubtful. Images on OSF. Box B35. 

Orophus martinicus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

maya Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 334, 335, pl. 16, fig. 2 [Phrixa]. 

Mexico, Valladolid in Yucatan (Gaumer). Unspecified number of 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a â from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Phrixa maya Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

mexicana Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 303-304, pl. 15, figs 2-3 [Argyrtes]. 

Mexico, Amula in Guerrero 6000 ft. (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The type material is in the BMNH 
according to their database. 

Argyrtes mexicana Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET* S ORTHOPTERA 



377 



mexicana Saussure & Pictet. 1897: 323. 324. pl. 15. figs 28-29 [Ectemna]. 

Mexico. Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHXG collections. There is a 6 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotvpe on OSF. in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Ectemna mexicana Saussure & Pictet. 1897. 

mexicanus Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 401.402 [Thydrus]. 

Mexico. Chilpancingo in Guerrero. Atoyac in Yera Cruz. Teapa in Tabasco 
(H. H. Smith): Guatemala. San Gerônimo. Zapote (Champion): Panama. Bugaba 
(Champion). Unspecified number of £ and 9 . 

Four 6 and three 5 syntypes. A £ with labels: "Teapa. Tabasco. Feb. H. H. S." 
[printed on white card]: "Thydrus mexicanus S et Pt" [handwritten on green paper]: 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded: most of both an- 
tennae. the tibia and tarsi of the right front leg and the right middle leg are missing. A 
6 with labels: "Teapa. Tabasco. Feb. H. H. S." [printed on white card]: "Thydrus mexi- 
canus S et Pt"" [handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded: most of both antennae. the left front leg and the last 
tarsal segment of the left middle leg are lost. A £ w ith labels: "Atoyac. Vera Cruz. 
April H. H. S." [printed on white card]: "Thydrus mexicanus S et P** [handwritten on 
green paper]: "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with w ings folded: most 
of the left antenna and the entire right antenna are lost. A £ w ith labels: "S. Geronimo. 
Guatemala. Champion"" [printed on white card]: "Thydrus mexicanus S et Pt'" [hand- 
written on green paper]: "Syntypus"" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings 
folded: most of both antennae. the right front leg. the left hind leg and two tarsal 
segments of the right hind leg are missing. The tarsi of the left middle leg are detached 
and stuck to the original pin by verdigris. The spécimen is splitting w here the pin has 
been inserted. the head and prothorax being depalced. while the abdomen is shrivelled. 
A S with labels: "Zapote. Guatemala. G.C. Champion. "" [printed on white card]: 
"Thydrus mexicanus S et Pt" [handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set w ith w ings folded: most of both antennae is lost. A 5 with labels: 
"Chilpancingo. Guerrero. 4600 ft.. June. H. H. Smith.*' [printed on white card]: 
"Thydrus mexicanus S et Pt" [handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus** [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set w ith right forewing spread and other wings folded: most of both 
antennae and the right hind leg are missing. A 2 with labels: "Chilpancingo. Guerrero. 
4600 ft.. June. H. H. Smith. " [printed on white card]: "Thydrus mexicanus S et Pt"" 
[handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings folded: most of both antennae and the right middle leg are lost. The left middle 
leg has been glued to the end of the left hind fémur, the left hind tibia being flexed 
against the fémur. The left forewing is detached and secured on the original pin. There 
are further syntypes are in the BMXH (images on OSF). Box F24. 

A junior synonym of Phlugis chrysopa Bolivar. 1888. 

monoceros Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 376. 378 [Copiophora]. 

Guatemala. Teleman in Yera Paz (Champion). Unspecified number of ? . 

No spécimens found in MHXG collections. There is a £ from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotvpe on OSF. in the BMXH (images on OSF). 

Copiphora monoceros Saussure & Pictet. 1898. 



378 



J. HOLLIER 



montana Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 405-406. pl. 20, fig. 1 [Championica]. 

Panama. Volcan de Chiriqui 2500 to 4000 ft. (Champion). Unspecified number 

of 6. 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 6 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF. in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Championica montana Saussure & Pictet. 1898. 

montanus Pictet & Saussure. 1891: 302-303, fig. 5 [Pharmacus]. 

Nouvelle Zélande. Mt. Cook. 7000 ft. (Maoring). Unspecified number of 6 . 

Fragments of the 6 holotype on two pins. One with several antennal fragments 
glued to white card with the label: "Fùhler Fragmente der Heuschrecke von Umgeb. 
des Mt. Cook. liber 7000* die im Sammelglas herumlagen" [handwritten on white 
paper]. One with several leg fragments glued to white card and the label: "Pharmacus 
montanus. 6 Sss. et Pict." [handwritten on lilac paper]. There is a label: "Révision: Dr. 
A. M. Richards. 1969 Typus" [typewritten on white card, with "Typus" printed on red 
card and glued on] pinned into the insect box. Some of the spécimens that were used 
for the redescription of this species by Richards (1972) are deposited in the MHNG 
collection in alcohol. Box 07. 

Pharmacus montanus Pictet & Saussure, 1891. 

mortuifolia Pictet. 1888: 30-32. fig. 13 [Mimetica]. 

Amérique centrale. More than one 6 and more than one 9 (size variations 
mentioned). 

One 2 syntype with labels: "Guatemala. M Oltram.. 603 51" [printed on white 
card]: "Mimetica mortuifolia. 9 Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Pictet 1888. 
pl. I. fig. 13. Elytra gauche vu par Dessous." [handwritten on white paper]; "M. Picteti, 
Kirby 1906. n.n." [handwritten on whitish paper]: "Type" [printed on pink card with 
printed margin]: "Holotypus" [printed on red card]: "Syntype! Description mentions 
both sexes. Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread: 
the head. right front leg. both middle legs and the left hind leg are missing. The right 
hind leg is detached and secured on a separate pin. The prothorax is hollowed out, and 
has a hole left by a previous pin. 

Two other ? placed in the collection under this name. collected by Biolley. 
could also be syntypes. One has labels: "Mimetica. San José 1161m. P. Biolley. 320" 
[handwritten on white paper. the final number being in a différent handwriting and 
circled]; "Mimetica mortuifolia Pictet" [handwritten on green paper]: "Syntypus? 
Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. This spécimen is set with the left forewing 
spread and the other wings folded; it lacks the abdomen and ail legs except right front 
leg which is detached and secured on the original pin. The other has labels: "Mimetica, 
La Laguna 1000m. Camono del Carrillo. 321 . P. Biolley" [handwritten on white paper. 
the final number being in a différent handwriting and circled]: "Mimetica mortuifolia 
Pict." [handwritten on green paper]: "16 (Vignon)" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Syntypus? Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. This spécimen has the left wings 
spread but the right wings and most of the thorax are missing: the middle and hind legs 
are missing and the abdomen and part of the thorax are detached and secured on a 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



379 



separate pin. The collection also contains a 6 with no locality label. Although Vignon 
(1931: 153) considered the first of thèse spécimens to be the holotype, the original 
description indicates that Pictet studied both sexes and more than one 9 . Images on 
OSF. Box E29b. 

Mimetica moruifolia Pictet, 1888. 

mucronatus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 442, 443, pl. 21 , fig. 15 [Scopiorus]. 

Costa Rica, Azhar de cartago (Biolley). Unspecified number of â . 

One S syntype with labels: "19, Azahar de Cartago, 1500m, Museo nacional" 
[handvvritten in pencil on vvhitish paper]; "COSTA RICA" [printed on green paper]; 
"Scopiorus mucronatus S. et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on 
red card]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings roughly folded; most of 
both antennae and the left hind leg are lost. Images on OSF. Box E27. 

Scopiorinus mucronatus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

mutabilis Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 307-309, fig. 10 [Gryllacris] . 

Java. More than one S and unspecified number of 9 (S colour variation 
mentioned). 

Four 6 and five 9 syntypes. A 6 with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten 
on white paper]; "G. mutabilis, Pict et Ss." [handwritten on lined white paper]; 
"Gryllacris mutabilis, $ P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed 
on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the left antenna is missing, the 
right has been repaired with glue. A â with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, S P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded. A 6 with labels: 
"Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten on white paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, 6 P. et S." 
[handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
right wings spread and left wings folded; the ends of the antennae are missing. A S 
with labels: "Java" [printed on ruled white card]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; most of both antennae is missing. A 9 with labels: 
"Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten on white paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, 9 P. et S." 
[handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
left wings spread and right wings folded; most of the left antenna and the entire right 
antenna are missing. A 9 with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "G. mutabilis, Pic et Ss." [handwritten on lined white paper]; "Gryllacris 
mutabilis, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; the ends of the 
antennae are missing. A 9 with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; the 
ends of the antennae are missing. A 9 with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" [printed on 
white card]; "d." [handwritten on a square of white paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, 9 P. 
et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set 
with wings folded; the tarsi of the left hind leg are missing. A 9 with labels: "Java, 
Fruhstorfer" [printed on white card]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on 



380 



J. HOLLIER 



yellow paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded. A 
further S spécimen with labels "Java, Mr Wickler, 23.11.76" and "Gryllacris mutabilis 
P. et S., = podocausta" [both handvvritten on yellow paper] may also be a syntype, but 
the name label on this spécimen appears to have been written after the others. Box NI . 
Caustogryllacris podocausta mutabilis (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

mutabilis pallidior Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 307-309 [Gryllacris]. 
Java. Unspecified. 

One S and one 9 syntype. A S with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" [handwritten 
on white paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, S P. et S." [handwritten on yellow paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper] . Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings 
folded; the ends of the antennae are missing. A 9 with labels: "Java, Fruhstorfer" 
[handwritten on white paper]; "Gryllacris mutabilis, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and 
right wings folded; the ends of the antennae are missing. Box NI . 

Caustogryllacris podocausta pallidior (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

myrtifolium Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 357, 359 [Microcentrum]. 

Brazil (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

One S and one 9 syntype. A S with labels: "Brésil, 623. 19." [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Microcentrum myrtifolia Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Lectotypus, Microcentrum myrtifolium S s., should be des." [handwritten on red card 
with "Lectotypus" printed]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the antennae, the tarsi of 
the right front leg, two tarsal segments of the left front leg, the right middle leg, the last 
tarsal segment of the left middle leg and two tarsal segments of both hind legs are lost. 
A 9 with labels: "Brésil, 623" [handwritten on white paper]; "Microcentrum myrtifolia 
Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Geneva" [printed on a strip of yellow paper]; 
"Allotypoid, Microcentrum myrtifolium Ss., should be designated" [handwritten on 
red card with "Allotypoid" printed]. Spécimen set with wings spread, the hind wings 
being rather ragged; the ends of both antennae, two tarsal segments of the left hind leg 
and the last tarsal segment of the right hind leg are missing. Images on OSF. Box B36. 

Microcentrum myrtifolium Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

nasicornis Pictet, 1888: 54-55, fig. 26 [Macroxiphus]. 
Java. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Java, f5-" [handwritten on white paper]; "19" 
[handwritten on a square of white paper]; "nasicornis, 9 Sss." [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Macroxiphus sumatranus de Haan" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Holotype 
of Macroxiphus nasicornis PICTET 1888, det. S. Ingrisch, 1998" [printed on white 
card]. Spécimen set with wings spread. The lectotype does not seem to have been 
formally designated. Images on OSF. Box F17. 

Macroxiphus nasicornis Pictet, 1888. 

nigrifrons Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 410-411 [Lichenochrus]. 
Mexico, Orizaba (Mus. Genavense). One â nymph. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET S ORTHOPTERA 



381 



Holotype 6 with labels: "Orizaba. Sumichrast" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Lichenochrus nigrifrons Sauss et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. Immature spécimen; most of both antennae and the tarsi of the 
left middle and hind legs are missing. The right front leg is detatched and secured 
through the fémur on the original pin. Box E16. 

A junior synonym of Gongrocnemis munda Brunner von Wattenwyl. 1895. 

oceanica Pictet & Saussure. 1892: 20, fig. 12 [Tympanoptera]. 
Insulae Fidgii. Unspecified number of 6 . 

One o* syntype with labels: "oceanica" [handwritten on white paper]; "Aprion 
oceanicus P. & Sauss." [handwritten on lilac paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. 
The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Ins. Viti" handwritten in the 
lower left corner. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; the 
antennae, left hind leg and the tarsi of the right hind leg are lost. The right middle leg 
is detached and glued to a pièce of card on the original pin. Images on OSF. Box E8. 

Acauloplacella oceanica (Pictet & Saussure, 1892). 

ochracea Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 450, pl. 22, fig. 2 [Tanusia]. 

Guatemala. San Juan in Vera Paz (Champion). Unspecified number of 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a â from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF. in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Anommaîoptera ochracea (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

ocularis Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 354-355 [Turpilia]. 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of â . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 8 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Monîezumina ocularis (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

oculatum Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 21 [Aprion]. 

Ceylon (Al. Humbert). Unspecified number of S and 9 . 

One 6 and one 9 syntype. A S with labels: "Trincom., Ceylan" [printed on 
white paper]; "oculatum" [handwritten on white paper]: "Aprion oculatus P. + Sauss." 
[handwritten on yellow paper]; "Aprion oculatum P. & Sauss." and "LECTOTYPE by 
C. de Jong" [handwritten, apart from printed word "TYPE", on white card, the two 
labels being glued together]; "Morsimus 9 [sic], oleifolius Fabr., det. C. de Jong 1938" 
[détermination handwritten on printed white card]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with left wings spread and right wings folded; both antennae and ail legs 
except the right front leg are missing. A 9 with labels: "Ceylan, Mr. H. Saussure" 
[handwritten on whitepaper]; "Aprion oculatum P. & Ss.. Ceylan" [handwritten on 
white paper]; ''Aprion oculatus P. + Sauss." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Aprion 
oculatum P. & Sauss." and "LECTOTYPE by C. de Jong" [handwritten, apart from 
printed word "TYPE", on white card, the two labels being glued together]: "Morsimus 
9 , oleifolius Fabr.. det. C. de Jong 1938" [détermination handwritten on printed white 
card]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread and right 



382 



J. HOLLIER 



wings folded; the antennae and right front leg are lost, the left hind leg lacks the tarsi. 
No formai lectotype désignation appears to have been published by de Jong. Images on 
OSR Box E10. 

A junior synonym of Paramorsimus oleifolius (Fabricius, 1793). 

oridiops Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 354, 355 [Turpilia]. 

Mexico, Acapulco in Guerrero (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of S . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a S from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Montezumina oridiops (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

ovalifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 368, 369 [Stilpnochlora]. 
Brazil (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of 9 . 

Holotype 9 with labels: "Brésil, 623. 19." [handwritten on white card]; 
"Stilpnochlora ovalifolia, 9 Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Identified as Type, 
Emsley 1969" [handwritten in pencil on white card]; "HoloTYPE 9, Stilpnochlora 
ovalifolia., Saussure & Pictet 1898." [handwritten on red card with "TYPE" printed]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; the antennae, the tarsi of the right front leg and left 
middle leg, two tarsal segments of the right middle leg and two last tarsal segments of 
the left hind leg are lost. Images on OSF. Box B25. 

Stilpnochlora ovalifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

parvispina Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 344-345 [Elaeochlora]. 
Brésil. One cT (hind legs do not belong to spécimen). 

Holotype S with labels: "Brasil" [handwritten on a strip of white paper]; "CSC 
1135" [handwritten by Carbonell on a strip of white card]; "Elaeochlora parvispina 
Sss. et Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "Elaeochlora parvispina P.-S., Holotypus, 
C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen lacks both 
antennae, the claw of the right front leg, the left middle leg, the tarsi of the right middle 
leg and both hind legs. A micro-tube containing dissected parts and a label "CSC 1 135" 
is secured on the original pin. A pair of hind legs is secured on a separate pin with the 
label "Thèse hind legs were pinned together with the type of Elaeochlora parvispina 
P.-S., and are the ones described by the authors as belonging to the insect. They are in- 
stead from a spécimen of the genus Phaeoparia, probably Ph. lineaalba Linn. C S 
Carbonell, 1966." Images on OSF. Box Z4. 

A junior synonym of Agriacris auripennis (Walker, 1870). 

patagona Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 355-356 [Clarazella]. 

République Argentine, Bahia Blanca sur les confins de la Patagonie (Claraz). 
Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Bahia Blanca, envoi G. Claraz" [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Zoniopoda patagona Pict. et Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "24 
Gen. nov. divisionis II Stâl vie. Zoniopoda Stâ 1. (je posside la même genre mais l'esp. 
diff.) Brunn." [handwritten on white paper]; "Clarazella patagona P.S., Holotypus, C S 
Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



383 



spread; both antennae and the tarsi of both hind legs are missing. Images on OSF. 
Box Z9. 

Clarazella patagona Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 

peringueyi Pictet, 1888: 74-75, fig. 30 [Hemihetrodes]. 

Afrique méridionale (Peringuey). Unspecifed number of 9 . 

Two 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "Hemihetrodes peringueyi, 9 Pict., Cap." 
[handwritten on white paper]; "620 74 Transvaal, Africa mer. Mr. Péringuey" [hand- 
written on ruled white card]; "Hemihetrodes peringueyi Pictet" [handwritten on pink 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks most of both antennae, the 
tibia and tarsi of the right front leg, the right middle leg and the last tarsal segment of 
the left middle and hind legs. A 9 with labels: "TRANSVAAL, Peringuey" [locality 
printed and name handwritten on white paper]; "620 74 Transvaal, Africa mer. Mr. 
Péringuey" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "Hemihetrodes peringueyi Pictet" 
[handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks most 
of the right antenna and ail of the left antenna, the last tarsal segment of the right front 
and left middle legs, two tarsal segments of the right middle and left hind legs, and the 
tarsi of the right hind leg. Box Ml . 

A junior synonym of Hemihetrodes bachmanni (Karsch, 1887). 

peringueyi Pictet, 1888: 62-63, figs 16 & 21 [Thoracistus]. 

Transvaal (Peringuey). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

Lectotype çt (designated by Rentz, 1988: 258) with labels: "Transvaal, Leyenb. 
Dist." [printed on white card]; "Thoracistus peringueyi Pict." [handwritten on pink 
paper]; "LECTOTYPE, Thoracistus peringueyi Pictet, designated by Rentz 1985" 
[printed on white card coloured pink]. Spécimen has lost both antennae and the left 
middle leg. A micro-tube containing dissected parts is secured on a separate pin with 
the label "LECTOTYPE, Thoracistus peringueyi Pictet" [printed on white coloured 
pink], while a third pin has two card mounted dissected parts and the labels ""LEC- 
TOTYPE, Thoracistus peringueyi Pictet, designated by Rentz 1985" [printed on white 
card coloured pink], "SEM # 13401-03, 13300, Det. D.C.F. Rentz 1985" [handwritten 
on white card with "Det. D.C.F. Rentz 19" printed] and "SCANNING ELECTRON 
PHOTOS MADE FROM THIS SPECIMEN" [printed on white card]. A 9 paralecto - 
type is also présent. Images on OSF. Box K10. 

Thoristicus peringueyi Pictet, 1888. 

personata Pictet, 1888: 17-18, fig. 6 [Cocconotus]. 
Locality unknown. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Cocconotus personata Pict." [handwritten on 
yellow paper]; "Genre Cocconotus St." [handwritten on white card with "Genre" 
printed and "Paradryma" handwritten on the other side]; "Holotypus" [printed on red 
card]. The species name label in the insect box has the locality "?" handwritten in the 
lower left corner. The spécimen has lost most of the right antenna and the left middle 
leg. The abdomen has shrunk and is somewhat distorted. The locality is given as "?" 
in the description, but the yellow name label on the pin and the yellow margin of the 



384 



J. HOLLIER 



label in the insect box indicate that the spécimen was assumed to have been from the 
Oriental région, although this is not reliable. Box E25. 
Cocconotus personatus Pictet, 1888. 

peruviana Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 352-353 [Rhomalea]. 
Pérou. Unspecified number of 9 . 

Lectotype 9 (designated by Roberts & Carbonell, 1982: 56) with labels: 
"Pérou, M H de Saussure" [handwritten on a strip of white card]; "Rhomalea peruviana 
9 P. et S." [handwritten on green paper]; "Rhomalea peruviana P.S., Hololectotypus 
[sic] 9 , C S Carbonell - 1966" [Handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set 
with wings spread; the right antenna, the claw of the left hind leg and the entire right 
hind leg are missing. The head has a hole in it behind the right eye and the tips of the 
wings are lost. Another 9 with the same data label is présent and was probably part of 
the type séries. There is also a S with the same data label, and although only female 
characters were mentioned in the original description, Carbonell has labelled this as a 
paratype. Images on OSF. Box Z8. 

Chromacris peruviana (Pictet & Saussure, 1887). 

peruvianum Pictet, 1888: 29, fig. 10 [Typophyllum]. 
Pérou. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Pérou, peruvianum" [handwritten in pencil on 
whitish card]; "Typophyllum peruvianum Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both 
antennae, the right middle leg and both hind legs are missing. The abdomen is 
damaged. as noted by Vignon (1925: 257). A second 9 with labels "Pérou, M. H. de 
S." [handwritten on white paper]; "Typophyllum peruvianum Pict." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Possible syntype of T. peruvianum Pictet, 1888? Hollier, 2010" [hand- 
written on red paper], and mentioned by Vignon (1931: 140) may also be a syntype. 
This spécimen was set with wings spread, but most of the left forewing is missing, and 
the hind wings reduced to a few shreds; most of both antennae, the right front and 
middle legs, the tarsi of the left middle leg, and the right hind leg are missing. Images 
on OSF. Box E30. 

Typophyllum peruvianum Pictet, 1888. 

peruvianus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 421, 423, pl. 20, fig. 12 [Anehiptolis] . 
Peru (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â . 

One â syntype with labels: "Pérou, M. H de Saussure" [handwritten on white 
paper]: "Anehiptolis peruviana Sauss & P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both antennae, the tibia 
and tarsi of the left front leg, the tarsi of the right front leg, the tarsi of the left middle 
leg and the left hind leg are lost. The fémur of the left front leg and the right hind leg 
are detached and secured on the original pin. The wings and abdomen have holes indi- 
cating that the spécimen was originally pinned with the wings folded, and has been 
reset. Box E21 . 

A junior synonym of Triencentrus amazonicus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1895. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



385 



philippinensis Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 18 [Microprion]. 
Insulae Philippinae. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype vvith labels: "Luzon, Fagor" [handwritten on yellow card]; 
"philippinensis" [handwritten in pencil on white card]; "Phyllomimus granulosus StâT 
[handwritten on yellow paper]; "Microprion philippinensis P. & S., det. C. de Jong 
1938, TYPE" [détermination handwritten on printed white card]. Spécimen set with 
left wings spread and right wings roughly folded; most of both antennae is missing. 
Images on OSF. Box E8. 

A junior synonym of Phyllomimus detersus (Walker, 1869). 

phthisica Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 318 [Hormilia]. 

Mexico, Temax in Northern Yucatan (Gaumer). Unspecified number of 6 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 6 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Insara phthisica (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

pictipennis Saussure & Pictet. 1898: 441, pl. 21, figs. 3-8 [Euacris]. 

Costa Rica, Volcan de Irazu, 7000 ft. (Rogers). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

The single spécimen found in MHNG collections was collected in 1900, after 
the publication of the description, and is therefore not a type. The type material is in 
the BMNH (images on OSF). Box E27. 

A junior synonym of Diyllus fasciatus (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1895). 

platyceps Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 301, 302 [Hemiudeopsylla]. 

Sancelito in California (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of 6 . 

One â syntype with labels: "Californie, M. H de S." [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Sancelito, Jun 71" [handwritten on pale blue paper]; "Hemiudeop. platyceps 
Sauss" [handwritten on green paper]; "Ceuthophilus (Hemiudeopsylla) californicus S., 
det. T.H. Hubbell, 1966" [désignation and last numéral of date handwritten on printed 
white card]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. Spécimen lacks most of the left 
antenna, the tarsi of both front legs, the tarsi of the left middle leg and the claw of the 
right hind leg. Box 09. 

A junior synonym of Ceuthophilus californianus Scudder, 1862. 

prasina Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 22, fig. 14 [Chloracris]. 
India, Sina. Unspecified number of 9 . 

Although the MHNG collections contain a number of spécimens (mainly from 
Java, some without locality labels) in boxes E2 and E3, the 9 type(s) could not be 
positively identified. 

Chloracris prasina Pictet & Saussure, 1892. 

prasina Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 318, 319-320 [Hormilia]. 

Mexico, Mazatlan in Sinaloa (Forrer). Guerrero (H. H. Smith). Unspecified 
number of 6 and 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The lectotype (designated by Rehn 
& Hebbard. 1914: 63) is in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Insara prasina (Saussure & Pictet. 1897). 



386 



J. HOLLIER 



prudhommi Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 349 [Hyperphrona]. 

Guiana, Cayenne (Prudhomme). Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "CAYENNE" [printed on green paper]; "Hyper- 
phronia prudhommi Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red 
card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the entire left antenna and most of the right 
antenna are missing. Images on OSF. Box B33. 

Hyperphrona prudhommi Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

puelchus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 375 [Diponthus]. 

République Argentine. Unspecified number of S and 9 . 

One $ andtwo 9 syntypes.A 6 with labels: "Republ. Argentine" [handwritten 
on green paper]; "Diponthus puelchus 6 P. et S." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Prionac. pulchus [sic] Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green paper]; "CSC 1 138" [hand- 
written by Carbonell on a strip of white card]; "Diponthus puelchus P.-S., 
Hololectotypus [sic] $, C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. 
Spécimen set with wings spread; the left middle leg is missing. A micro-tube contai - 
ning dissected parts and a label "1138" is secured on the original pin. A 9 with labels: 
"Buenos Ayres" [handwritten on white paper]; "Diponthus puelchus 9 P. et S." [hand- 
written on green paper]; "Prionac. pulchus [sic] Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Diponthus puelchus P.-S., Allolectotypus [sic] 9. C S Carbonell - 1966" 
[handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the last tarsal 
segment of the left front leg is missing. A 9 with labels: "Republ. Argentine" [hand- 
written on green paper]; "Prionac. pulchus [sic] Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Diponthus puelchus P.-S., Paratypus C SC S 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell 
on red card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the left antenna is missing. Images on 
OSF. Box ZI 5. 

A junior synonym of Diponthus pictus (Bolivar, 1884). 

pulchripennis Pictet, 1888: 32-33, fig. 7 [Rhodopteryx]. 
Nouvelle Grenade. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "294" [printed on white paper]; "Rhodopteryx 
pulchripennis Pic." [handwritten on white paper]; "Rhodopteryx pulchripennis Pict." 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The species name 
label in the insect box has the locality "Nouvelle Grenade" written in the lower left 
corner. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of both antennae, two tarsal segments of 
the left front leg and the tarsi of the right hind leg are lost. Images on OSF. Box E29b. 

Rhodopteryx pulchripennis Pictet, 1888. 

puncticeps Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 297-299, fig. 3 [Onosandrus]. 
Afrique méridionale. Unspecified number of 6 . 

One â syntype with labels: "519 S-Afr. (Sud Africa) Onosandrus sp. n." [hand- 
written, locality in black ink, détermination in red ink, on a strip of white paper]; "519" 
[handwritten on white paper]; "1029/ S. Afr." [handwritten on a dise of white paper]; 
"1734" [handwritten on white paper]; "O. puncticeps, Africa, Ss. Et P." [handwritten 
on white paper]; "Onosandrus puncticeps Pict. et Sauss." [handwritten on pink paper]; 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



387 



"Holotypus" [printed on red card]; "Onosandrus puncticeps Pictet & Saussure. 1891 
HT" [handwritten by Johns on white card]. Spécimen has lost both antennae. ail the left 
legs, the tarsi of the right front and middle legs and the last tarsal segment of the right 
hind leg. Box 05. 

Bochus puncticeps (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

pupus Saussure in Pictet, 1888: 49-50, fig. 28 [Agraecia]. 
Nouvelle Irlande. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype vvith labels: "Agraecia pupus Sss, type" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Salomona pupus Sauss., type!" [handwritten on green paper]; "Holotypus" 
[printed on red card]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the right antenna is 
missing and the right front, left middle and right hind legs each lack the last tarsal 
segment. Images on OSF. Box F15. 

Salomona pupus (Saussure in Pictet, 1888). 

pycnostictus Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 373-374 [Diponîhus]. 

République Argentine, Entre.Rios (Claraz). Unspecified. 

One 9 syntype. A 9 with labels: "Bahia Blanca, env G Claraz" [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Prionacris pycnostictus Pict. et Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Diponthus pycnostictus P. et S." [handwritten on green paper]; "Diponthus pycnos- 
tictus P.-S., Hololectotypus [sic] 9 , C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell 
on red card]. Spécimen set with wings spread. A 9 with labels: "14" [printed on a 
square of white card]; "609 33, Buen. Air., La Plata, Mr Hy de Sauss" [numerals and 
first part of locality handwritten, the rest printed on ruled white card]; "Prionacris 
pycnostictus Pict. et Sauss." [handwritten on green paper] might also be a syntype, as 
might a S with labels: "Buenos Ayres, Février 1868" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Prionacris pycnostichus Pict. et Sss." [handwritten on green paper]. Images on OSF. 
BoxZ15. 

Diponthus picnosticîus Pictet & Saussure, 1887. 

recticauda Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 341, 343, pl. 16, fig. 13 [Anaulacomera] . 

Mexico, Acapulco in Guerrero (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Anaulacomera recticauda Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

resinum Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 396, 398; pl. 19, figs 26-27 [Xiphidium). 

Mexico, Orizaba (H. H. Smith, F. D. G.). More than one 6 . 

One o* syntype with labels: "Orizaba. H.H.S. & D.F.G.. Dec. 1887" [printed on 
white card]; "Xiphidium resimus [sic] P et S" [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of both 
antennae is lost, and the left hind leg is detached and secured through the fémur on the 
original pin. There is a â syntype, erroneously referred to as the holotype on OSF, in 
the BMNH (images on OSF). Box F23. 

Conocephalus resinus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 



388 



J. HOLLIER 



reticulatus Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 25-26, fig. 20 [Brochopeplus]. 
Patria? Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Brochopeplus reticulatus P. & Sauss." [hand- 
written on yellovv paper]; "Brochopeplus reticulates P. & s., det. C. de Jong 1938, 
LECTOTYPE" [détermination and "LECTO" handwritten on white card with de 
Jong's name, date and "TYPE" printed]. The species name label in the insect box has 
the locality "Ceylon" handwritten in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with wings 
spread; most of both antennae, the left middle leg and the tarsi of the right middle leg 
are lost. The lectotype does not seem to have been officially designated. Box E7. 

A junior synonym of Brochopeplus exaltatus (Walker, 1869). 

rex Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 446, 447-448, pl. 21, figs 21-23 [Diophanes]. 

Antilles, Martinique (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â and 9 
(colour variation mentioned). 

One â and two 9 syntypes. A with labels: "Martinique" [handwritten on a 
strip of white paper]; "222/23" [handwritten on stained white paper]; "Ellorope- 
talum[?] rex. Sauss + P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red 
paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; the abdomen has 
been eviscerated and stuffed. A 9 with labels: "Martinique" [handwritten on a strip of 
white paper]; "222/23" [handwritten on stained white paper]; "Elloropetalum[?] rex. 
Sauss -I- P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen 
set with left wings spread and right wings folded; the abdomen has been eviscerated 
and stuffed. A 9 with labels: "222/23" [handwritten on whitish paper]; "Elloropetalum 
[?] rex. Sauss + P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Martinique" handwritten in 
the lower left corner. Spécimen set with wings roughly folded. Images on OSF. 
BoxE27. 

A junior synonym of Masîophyllum scabricolle (Serville, 1838). 

rhinocéros Pictet, 1888: 48-49, fig. 25 [Copiophora]. 
Amérique centrale. Unspecified number of 9 . 

Possible syntype with labels: "Guaitilde, Pinus, 252 (Pac), Copiphora?, P. 
Biolley" [handwritten on white paper]; "Copiophora longicauda Serv." [handwritten 
on green paper]; "Type of C. rhinocéros Pictet, 1888? Hollier 2010" [handwritten on 
red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; most of the left 
antenna is missing. The left middle leg is detached and secured on the original pin. No 
spécimens in the MHNG collections were labelled as C. rhinocéros. This spécimen was 
placed in the collection as C. longicauda Serville, 1838 but is clearly not that species; 
the spécimen matches the description, measurements and illustration of C. rhinocéros 
given by Pictet. A spécimen in the BMNH is recorded as a type on their database. 
BoxFl. 

Copiphora rhinocéros Pictet, 1888. 

rogersi Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 386, 387, pl. 19, figs 13-14 [Pyrgocorypha]. 
Costa Rica, Caché (Rogers). Unspecified number of 9 . 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET' S ORTHOPTERA 



389 



No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Pyrgocorypha rogersi Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

rosescens Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 446, 447, pl. 21, figs 19-20 [Diophanes]. 

Panama, Bugaba, Volcan de Chiriqui (Champion). Unspecified number of 6 

and 9. 

Three â and one 9 syntype. A S with labels: "Bugaba, 800-1500 ft., 
Champion." [printed on white card]; "Diophanes rosescens Sauss, et P." [handvvritten 
on green paper]; "LECTOTYPE, P. Naskrecki design." [handvvritten on red card]. 
Spécimen set with right vvings spread and left vvings folded; most of the right antenna 
is missing. A â with labels: "V. de Chiriqui, 2-3000 ft., Champion" [printed on white 
card]; "Diophanes rosescens Sauss, et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded. A S with labels: "Bugaba, 
800-1500 ft., Champion." [printed on white card]; "Diophanes rosescens Sauss, et P." 
[handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings folded. A 9 with labels: "Bugaba, 800-1500 ft.. Champion." [printed on white 
card]; "Diophanes rosescens Sauss, et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "PARALEC- 
TOTYPE, P. Naskrecki design." [handwritten on red card]. Spécimen set with left 
wings spread and right wings folded; much of the right antenna, the last tarsal segment 
of the left middle leg and the right hind leg are missing. There are further syntypes in 
the BMNH. No formai lectotype désignation appears to have been published. Images 
on OSF. Box E28. 

Diophanes rosescens Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

sagittatus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 431, 433, pl. 20, fig. 29 [Cocconotus]. 

Panama, Volcan de Chiriqui (Champion). Unspecified number of . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a â spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Docidocerus sagittatus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

saharae Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 293-294 [Pamphagns]. 

Algérie sud, Biskra. Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

Three â and two 9 syntypes. A S with labels: "621 11, Biskra, Algérie, Mr A. 
Pictet" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "Biskra" [printed on white card]; "saharae, 
P. et S." [handwritten on white paper]; "Pamph. saharae Sss et Pict" [handwritten on 
pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen has lost about half of the left 
antenna and the last tarsal segment of the right hind leg. A 6 with labels: "621 11, el 
Kantara, Algérie, Mr A. Pictet" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "el Kantara" 
[printed on a strip of white paper]; "Pamphagus saharae, Sss et P., Biskra" [handwritten 
on white paper]; "Pamph. saharae Sss et Pict" [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen has lost the last tarsal segment of the left hind leg. A 
G* with labels: "621 1 1 , el Kantara, Algérie, Mr A. Pictet" [handwritten on ruled white 
card]; "el Kantara" printed on a strip of white paper]; "saharae, P. et S." [handwritten 
on white paper]; "Pamph. saharae Sss et Pict" [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" 



390 



J. HOLLIER 



[printed on red paper]. Spécimen has lost about half of the left antenna and the last tar- 
sal segment of the left hind leg. A 9 with labels: "621 11, Biskra, Algérie, Mr A. 
Pictet" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "Biskra" [printed on white card]; "saharae, 
P. et S." [handwritten on white paper]; "Pamph. saharae Sss et Pict" [handwritten on 
pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen lacks part of both antennae. 
A 9 with labels: "el Kantara" [printed on a strip of white paper]; "Pamph. saharae Sss 
et Pict" [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. There are also 
one S and one 9 labelled "Col de Sfa, Algérie, Brunner d W", which might also be 
syntypes. Box Y5. 

Paracinipe saharae (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

saltator Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 293, 294, pl. 14, fig. 16 [Schoenobates]. 

Costa Rica, Volcan de Irazu 6000 ft. (Rogers). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. OSF states that the holotype is in 
the BMNH. 

Anabropsis saltaîrix (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

salvini Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 305, 306 [Gryllacris]. 
Panama, Bugaba (Champion). One damaged S . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The holotype is in the BMNH 
according to their database. 

Abelona salvini (Saussure & Pictet, 1897). 

schumanni Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 334 [Phrixa]. 

Mexico, Atoyac in Vera Cruz (Schumann). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Phrixa schumanni Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

siccifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 452, 454, pl. 22, figs 14-16 [Mimetica]. 

Panama, Volcan de Chiriqui 4000 to 6000 ft., Caldera (Champion). More than 
one S (variation in wing shape mentioned). 

One syntype with labels: "V. de Chiriqui, 25-4000 ft., Champion." [printed on 
white card]; "Mimetica siccifolia Sauss & P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Mimetica 
saussurei, Kirby 1906 n.n." [handwritten on white paper]; "Paralectotype, P. Nasrecki 
design." [handwritten on red card]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left 
wings folded; most of both antennae is missing. There is at least one other syntype in 
the BMNH according to their database. No formai lectotype désignation appears to 
have been published. Images on OSF. Box E29b. 

Mimetica siccifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

spinifrons Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 381, 382 [Exocephala] . 

Guiana, Cayenne. More than one 9 (colour variation mentioned). 

Probable syntype 9 with labels: "Guyane française" [handwritten on ruled 
white card]; "Syntype of E. spinifrons Saus. & Pict. 1898?, Hollier 2010" [handwritten 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



391 



on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the left antenna and most of the right 
antenna are missing, as are two tarsal segments of the left hind leg. There are two 
further 9 and a â each with a locality label "CAYENNE" printed on a strip of green 
paper (similar to that shown with the so-called â holotype in the BMNH on OSF), and 
thèse may be other syntypes. It is more likely, given that the description only treats 9 , 
that neither they nor the â spécimen in the BMNH are syntypes. There may be further 
9 syntypes in the BMNH. Box F2. 

Moncheca spinifrons (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

stolli Pictet & Saussure, 1887: 351 [Rhomalea]. 
Brésil, Bahia. Unspecified. 

Lectotype 6 (designated by Roberts & Carbonell, 1982: 51) with labels: 
"Bahia" [printed on white card]; "Rhomaleae stollii Sss. Pict." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Rhomalea Stollii S S. et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "CSC 1 136" [hand- 
written by Carbonell on a strip of white card]; "Rhomalea stolli P. S. S , Hololectotypus 
[sic], C S Carbonell - 1966" [handwritten by Carbonell on red card]. Spécimen set with 
left wings spread and right wings folded; both antennae, the last tarsal segment of the 
left middle leg and the last tarsal segment of the right hind leg are lost. A micro-tube 
containing dissected parts and a label "CSC 1 136" is secured on the original pin. A 9 
paralectotype is also présent. Images on OSF. Box Z6. 

A junior synonym of Chromacris speciosa (Thunberg, 1824). 

subconspersa Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 421,422 [Anchiptolis]. 

Guatemala (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â and 9 (colour 
variation mentioned). 

One â syntype with labels: "Guatemala 603, M Oltram. 51" [printed on white 
card]; "Anchiptolis, subconsper-, sa Sauss." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; 
most of both antennae, the tarsi of the left front leg, the last tarsal segment of the right 
front and middle legs and two tarsal segments of the right hind leg are lost. There is at 
least one other syntype in the BMNH according to their database. Images on OSF. 
BoxE21. 

A junior synonym of Gongrocnemis fusca (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1895). 

subfalcata Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 437, pl. 20, figs 30-32 [Thamnobates]. 

Panama, Volcan de Chiriqui (Champion). Unspecified number of â and 9 . 

One 6 syntype with labels: "COLL GOD SALV, VOLC CHIRIQI, G.C. 
CHAMPION" [printed on white paper]; "subfalcata, â S - P." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Thamnobates subfalcata Sauss et Pict., LECTOTYPE, P. Neskrecki design." 
[handwritten on red card]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; 
most of the right antenna and the right hind leg are missing. There are further syntypes 
in the BMNH. No formai lectotype désignation appears to have been published. 
Images on OSF. Box E27. 

Thamnobates subfalcata Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 



392 



J. HOLLIER 



subintegra Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 452, 453, pl. 22, fig. 9 [Mimetica]. 
Colombia? Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. Vignon (1931: 151) could not trace 
the type. 

Mimetica subintegra Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

subquadratum Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 424, 426, pl. 20, figs 22-23 [Idiarthron]. 

Guatemala (Oltramare), Pantaleon (Champion); Costa Rica (Van Patten). 
Unspecified number of S and 9 (9 colour variation mentioned). 

Three â and two 9 syntypes. A â with labels: Guatemala 603, Mr Oltram. 51" 
[printed on white paper]; "Idiarthron, subquadratum, Sauss + P." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "Lectotypus, Idiarthron subquadratum S & P, should be designated" [hand- 
written on red card with "Lectotypus" printed]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the 
last tarsal segment of both front legs and of the right middle leg is missing, as is the 
last tarsal segment of the left hind leg. A â with labels: "Mr Oltram. 51, Guatemala 
603" [printed on white paper]; "Idiarthron, subquadra-,tum Sauss + P." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most 
of both antennae, the last tarsal segment of the left middle leg and the right hind leg 
are lost. The right middle leg and left hind leg are detached and secured through the 
fémur on the original pin along with a fémur from another spécimen. A â with labels: 
"Guatemala 603, Mr Oltram. 51" [printed on white paper]; "Idiarthron, subquadratum, 
Sauss + P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen 
set with wings folded; most of both antennae, the left front leg, and two tarsal segments 
of the left middle leg are lost. The subgenital plate is damaged. A 9 with labels: 
"Guatemala" [handwritten on a strip of white paper]; "Idiarthron, subquadratum, Sauss 
+ P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set 
with wings folded; the left antenna, the tarsi of the right front leg and the last tarsal 
segment of both hind legs are lost. A 9 with labels: "Cache, Costa Rica, H. Rogers" 
[printed on white card, the label having been torn in half]; "Cache, Costa Rica, H. 
Romers [sic]" [handwritten on white card]; "Idiarthron subquadrata , 9 S. P., var: 
lamina- supraanalis" [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; the last tarsal segment of 
the left middle and left hind legs is lost. There are three other 9 collected by Biolley 
in Costa Rica in the collection. There are further syntypes in the BMNH according to 
their database. A lectotype does not seem to have been formally designated. Images on 
OSF. BoxE22. 

Idiarthron subquadratum Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

syriaca Pictet, 1888: 55-56, fig. 37 [Paradymadusa]. 
Syrie. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Musée de Genève, Tripoli, Syrie, No" [locality 
handwritten in pencil on printed white card]; "Paradrymadusa syriaca Pict" [hand- 
written on blue paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The spécimen has lost the 
antennae, the left middle leg, two tarsal segments of the right middle leg and the last 
tarsal segment of the left hind leg. Images on OSF. Box K2. 

Scotodrymadusa syriaca (Pictet, 1888). 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTEï'S ORTHOPTERA 



393 



taeniatifrons Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 428, 429, pl. 20, fig. 25 [Bliastes]. 

Guatemala, Lanquin in Vera Paz (Champion). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 from the type séries, 
referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

A junior synonym of Cocconotus vittifrons (Walker, 1871). 

tenuistylus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 421 , 422-3 [Anchiptolis]. 

Guatemala, Panzos in Vera Paz (Conradt). Unspecified number of â . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 6 spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Gongrocnemis tenuistyla (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

tepaneca Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 336, 337 [Amblycorypha]. 
Mexico (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of â . 

One S syntype with labels: "Mexique, Sumichron" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Amblycorypha Tepaneca 6 S. et P." [handwritten on green paper]; 
"Holotypus, Amblycorypha tepaneca S. + P." [handwritten on red card with 
"Holotypus" printed]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the left hind leg lacks the tarsi 
and the left middle and right hind legs are lost. Images on OSF. Box B28. 

Amblycorypha tepaneca Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

texensis Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 328, 330, pl. 15, figs 18-19 [Scudderia]. 
Dallas in Texas (Boll). Unspecified number of S . 

Two â syntypes. A â with labels: "Dallas, Texas" [printed on white paper]; 
"Scudderia Texensis S S et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Lectotypus, Scudderia 
texensis S & P,To be designated." [handwritten on red card with "Lectotypus" printed]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the left antenna, the entire right antenna and 
the last tarsal segment of both hind legs are lost. A S with labels: "TYPE BRUNN" 
[printed on a strip of white paper]; "Scudderia Texensis S S et P." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Syntypus?" [printed on red paper with the "?" added by handj. 
Spécimen set with wings roughly spread: most of the right antenna, the entire left 
antenna, the left front leg, the tarsi of the right front leg and the tibia and tarsi of the 
left hind leg are missing. The fémur of the left hind leg has been glued to the abdomen. 
Images on OSF. Box B21. 

Scudderia texensis Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

tristani Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 389, 391, pl. 19, fig. 22 [Conocephalus]. 
Costa Rica, Tucurrique (Tristan). Unspecified number of 9 . 
No spécimens found in MHNG collections. Type apparently lost. 
Conocephalus tristani Saussure & Pictet, 1898 (nomen dubium on OSF). 

truncatifolia Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 19, fig. 10 [Phyllomimus]. 
Molluccae. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Moluques, Mr. Griolet. 662 68" [printed on 
whitish paper]; "Phyllomimus truncatifolia P & Sss." [handwritten on white paper]; 



394 



J. HOLLIER 



"Phyllomimus granulosus Stâl" [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Phyllomimus 
truncatifolia P. & S., det. C. de Jong 1938, TYPE" [détermination handwritten on white 
card vvith de Jong 's name, date and "TYPE" printed]. Spécimen set with wings spread; 
the left front leg and both hind legs are missing. Images on OSF. Box E7. 
A junior synonym of Phyllomimus detersus (Walker, 1869). 

unispina Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 396, 398-399 [Xiphidium]. 

Mexico, Jalisco (Schumann), Orizaba (Saussure). Unspecified number of â and 
9 (variation in subgenital plate mentioned). 

The two spécimens in the MHNG collection were collected in 1917 and 1918, 
after the description was published, and are therefore not types. The types are in the 
BMNH collection according to their database (images on OSF). Box F22. 

Orchelimum unispina (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

vaginalis Saussure & Pictet, 1897: 325-326 [Godmanella]. 

Mexico, Omilteme in Guerrero 8000 ft. (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number 

of 9. 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a $ spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 
Godmanella vaginalis Saussure & Pictet, 1897. 

vaginalis Pictet & Saussure, 1891: 309-310, fig. 11 [Gryllacris]. 
Indes orientales. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Capt. Buther[?], Naga-H." [collector's name hand- 
written and locality printed on whitish card]; "Musée de Genève, No 62" [number 
handwritten on printed white card]; "524" [printed on white card]; "1843" [hand- 
written on white paper]; "Gryllacris vaginalis, 9 P. et S." [handwritten on yellow 
paper]; "Gr. vaginalis Pic. et Ss." [handwritten on lined white paper]; "Pict. Sss., Type" 
[names written and "Type" printed on pink card with black printed margin] . Spécimen 
set with right wings spread and left wings folded; the extremities of both spread wings 
are missing, as are most of the left antenna and ail of the right antenna, the left front 
leg, the tibia and tarsi of the right front leg, and the tibiae and tarsi of both middle and 
both hind legs. Box N4. 

Eugryllacris vaginalis (Pictet & Saussure, 1891). 

vaginalis Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 409-410 [Lichenochrus]. 

Guatemala (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of 9 . 

Four 9 syntypes. A 9 with labels: "3 28, Guatema-, la, M. H. de Sauss." [hand- 
written on ruled white card]; "Lichenochrus vaginalis Sauss. et P." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with left wings spread 
and right wings folded; most of both antennae, the last tarsal segment of the left front 
leg, the right middle leg and two tarsal segments of the left hind leg are missing. A 9 
with labels: "3 28, Guatema-, la, M. H. de Sauss." [handwritten on ruled white card]; 
"Lichenochrus vaginalis Sauss et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with right wings spread and left wings folded; 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



395 



most of both antennae, the right middle leg, two tarsal segments of the left middle leg 
and two tarsal segements of both hind legs are lost. A 9 with labels: "2 14, Guatemala, 
M. H. d. Sauss." [handvvritten on ruled vvhite card]; "Lichenochrus vaginalis Sauss. et 
P." [handvvritten on green paperj; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings folded; most of both antennae and the left hind leg are missing. A 9 with labels: 
"3 28. Guatema-, la, M. H. de Sauss." [handwritten on ruled white card]; 
"Lichenochrus vaginalis Sauss et P." [handwritten on green paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; most of the left antenna and 
both front legs are lost. Box El 6. 

A junior synonym of Gongrocnemis tenebrosa (Walker, 1870). 

vaginatus Pictet, 1888: 53-54, fig. 27 [Macroxiphus]. 
Java. Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "vaginalis Sss [sic]" [handwritten on white paper]; 
"Macroxiphus vaginatus Pict." [handwritten on yellow paper]; "Holotype of 
Macroxiphus vaginatus PICTET 1888, det. S. Ingrisch, 1998" [printed on white card 
with red inked border]; "Holotype of Macroxiphus vaginatus PICTET 1888, det. S. 
Ingrisch, 1998" [printed on white card]. The species name label in the insect box has 
the locality "Java" written in the lower left corner. Spécimen set with wings folded; the 
right middle leg and part of the tibia and the tarsi of the left hind leg are missing. 
Images on OSF. Box F17. 

Eumacroxiphus vaginatus (Pictet, 1888). 

validus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 373, pl. 18, figs 10-11 [Posidippus]. 

Nicaragua, Chontales (Janson). Unspecified number of 9 . 

The single 9 spécimen in the MHNG collections is from Costa Rica and not a 
type. There is a 9 spécimen from the type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, 
in the BMNH (images on OSF). Box B27. 

A junior synonym of Steirodon stalii (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878). 

variabilis Pictet, 1888: 38-39, fig. 19 [Tanusia]. 

Guyana (Bar et coll. Jurine). More than one S and 9 

Two 6 and three 9 syntypes. A â with labels: "Tanusia variabilis Pict." [hand- 
written on green paper]; "10 (Vignon)" [handwritten on white paper]; "Syntypus" 
[printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings roughly spread; the antennae are 
missing as are the last tarsal segment of the left middle leg, the entire right middle leg 
and both hind legs. A S with labels: "Tanusia variabilis Pict." [handwritten on green 
paper]; "9 (Vignon)" [handwritten on white paper]; "45" [handwritten on white card]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the front of the 
head and the antennae are missing, the right front leg, the tibia and tarsi of the left front 
leg are lost. A detached right hind leg is secured on a separate pin next to the spécimen. 
A 9 with labels: "E. Surinam" [handwritten on white card with a green printed border]; 
"Tanusia variabilis Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "7 (Vignon)" [handwritten on 
white paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]; "Syntype! Both sexes mentioned in 
description. Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings 



396 



J. HOLLIER 



spread; the ends of the antennae, the tarsi of the right front leg, tvvo tarsal segments of 
the left front and middle legs, the tarsi of the right middle leg and two tarsal segments 
of the left hind leg are lost. A detached right hind leg is secured on a separate pin next 
to the spécimen. The abdomen has been eviscerated (presumably at the time of capture) 
and stuffed. A 9 with labels: "476/25" [handwritten on a dise of white card]; "Tanusia 
variabilis Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "8 (Vignon)" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings spread; the entire 
left antenna and most of the right antenna are lost as is the right hind leg. The under- 
side of the abdomen has been filled with plaster (?). A 9 with labels: "Cayenne" [hand- 
written on white paper]; "Tanusia variabilis Pict." [handwritten on green paper]; "4 
(Vignon)" [handwritten on white paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen 
set with wings spread; the ends of the antennae and two tarsal segments of the right 
hind leg are lost. There is also a hind leg and two hind fémurs pinned to a separate pin 
at the end of the séries. The species name label in the insect box has the locality 
"Brasil. Guyana." handwritten in the lower left corner. Vignon (1923) stated that the 
maie spécimens 9 and 10 are T. coloraia (Serville, 1838) and the female spécimens 7 
and 8 are T. decorata (Walker. 1870), without mentioning T. variabilis. He sub- 
sequently remarked in a footnote (Vignon, 1931: 83) that T. variabilis was not referable 
to a single species, and that the MHNG material included spécimens of T. colorata, T. 
decorata and T. crisîata (Serville, 1838). Images on OSF. Box E28b. 

A junior synonym of Tanusia colorata (Serville. 1838) (partim), Tanusia deco- 
rata (Walker, 1870) (partim). 

vaucherianus Pictet, 1888: 59-60, fig. 36 [Eumeymus]. 
Maroc, Tanger. Unspecified number of S and 9 . 

Five 6 and five 9 syntypes. A â with labels: "620 61 Maroc, Mr. Vaucher" 
[handwritten on ruled white card]; "Maroc. Vaucher" [printed on pink paper]; 
"Vaucherianus" [handwritten on a strip of white paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." 
[handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
wings folded; the abdomen has been eviscerated and stuffed. A o with labels: "620 61 
Maroc, Mr. Vaucher" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "Maroc." [printed on pink 
paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed 
on red paper] . Spécimen set with wings folded; the abdomen has been eviscerated and 
stuffed. A â with labels: "620 61 Maroc. Mr. Vaucher" [handwritten on ruled white 
card]: "Maroc." [printed on pink paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [handwritten on 
pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the 
left antenna and the last tarsal segment of the right hind leg are missing. and the 
abdomen has been eviscerated and stuffed. A â with labels: "Maroc." [printed on pink 
paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Coll. Pictet" 
[printed on a strip of white paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set 
with wings folded; the right antenna is missing and the abdomen has been eviscerated 
and stuffed. A 6 with labels: "620 61 Maroc, Mr. Vaucher" [handwritten on ruled 
white card]; "Maroc." [printed on pink paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [hand- 
written on pink paper]: "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings 
folded; the right antenna and the last tarsal segment of the right front leg are missing. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



397 



A 9 vvith labels: "620 61 Maroc, Mr. Vaucher" [handwritten on ruled white card]: 
"Tanger, Vaucher" [handwritten on pink paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [hand- 
written on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings 
spread; most of the left antenna is missing. A 9 with labels: "620 61 Maroc., Mr. 
Vaucher" [handwritten on ruled white card]: "Maroc, Vaucher [printed on pink 
paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed 
on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; two tarsal segments of the right middle 
leg are lost and the abdomen has been eviscerated and stuffed. A 9 with labels: "620 
61 Maroc, Mr. Vaucher" [handwritten on ruled white card]; "Maroc, Vaucher" 
[printed on pink paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; the abdomen has 
been eviscerated and stuffed. A 9 with labels: "620 61 Maroc, Mr. Vaucher" [hand- 
written on ruled white card]; "Maroc, Vaucher" [printed on pink paper]; "Locusta 
vaucheriana Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. 
Spécimen set with wings folded; the last tarsal segment of the left middle leg and the 
tibia and tarsi of the left hind leg are lost, and the abdomen has been eviscerated and 
stuffed. A 9 with labels: "Maroc" [printed on pink paper]; "Locusta vaucheriana 
Pict." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Coll. Pictet" [printed on a strip of white paper]; 
"Syntypus" [printed on red paper]. Spécimen set with wings folded; two tarsal 
segments of the left middle leg and the last tarsal segment of the right hind leg are lost, 
and the abdomen has been eviscerated and stuffed. The left front leg, which lacks the 
tarsi, is detached and secured on the original pin. Several other spécimens which may 
have been part of the type séries but which lack data labels are présent in box "Doubles 
45", and OSF indicates that there are syntypes in other institutions. Images on OSF. 
Box H2. 

Tetîigonia vaucheriana (Pictet, 1888). 

vepretorum Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 365 [Ischyra]. 

Central America (Mus. Genavense). Unspecified number of o . 

One 6 syntype with labels: "Ischyra vepretorum Sss. + P." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on red card]. The green label indicates that the 
spécimen was assumed to be Neotropical. Spécimen set with wings folded; most of the 
right antenna, the tarsi of the left front leg, the last tarsal segment of the right front and 
middle legs and the left hind leg are missing. Images on OSF. Box B36. 

Ischyra vepretorum Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

vermiculatus Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 430 [Parabliastes]. 

Panama. Volcan de Chiriqui (Champion). One damaged S . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. The holotype is in the BMNH 
(images on OSF). 

Bliastes vermiculatus (Saussure & Pictet, 1898). 

verruculosa Pictet & Saussure, 1892: 23, fig. 17 [Phyllotribonia]. 
Africa centralis. Unspecified number of â . 

Probable 6 syntype with labels: "Afrique central" [handwritten on white 
paper]; "Mataeus apicalis Bol." [handwritten on pink paper]; "Syntype of P. verrucu- 



398 



J. HOLLIER 



losa Pict. & Sauss., 1892? Hollier 2010" [handwritten on red paper]. Spécimen set with 
left wings spread and right wings folded; the antennae, left front leg, right middle leg 
and both hind legs are missing. The left middle leg is detached and secured through the 
fémur on the original pin. There is no material placed under the name P. verruculosa 
in the MHNG collection. This spécimen was found under Mateaus apicalis Bolivar, 
1886 in the collection, but it matches the description, measurement and illustration 
given for P. verruculosa. Box El . 

Zabalius verruculosa (Pictet & Saussure, 1892). 

viridifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 349, 350 [Hyperphrona]. 

Guiana, Cayenne (Prudhomme). Unspecified number of 9 . 

One 9 syntype with labels: "Hyperphrona viridifolia Sass." [handwritten on 
green paper]; "Geneva" [printed on a strip of yellow paper]; "Holotypus" [printed on 
red card] . The species name label in the insect box has the locality "Brésil" handwritten 
in the lower left corner but the type locality was given as Cayenne; this is probably 
because the other spécimen standing under this name in the collection has a locality 
label and is from Brazil. Spécimen set with left wings spread, the right wings are now 
lost; the right antenna, ail three right legs and the left hind leg are missing. Images on 
OSF.BoxB33. 

Hyperphrona viridifolia Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

zendala Saussure & Pictet, 1898: 414, 418 [Gongrocnemis]. 

Mexico, Teapa in Tabasco (H. H. Smith). Unspecified number of 9 . 

No spécimens found in MHNG collections. There is a 9 spécimen from the 
type séries, referred to as the holotype on OSF, in the BMNH (images on OSF). 

Gongrocnemis bivittata zendala Saussure & Pictet, 1898. 

UNAVAILABLE NAMES 

Several unavailable names associated with Pictet appear in catalogues, appa- 
rently due to confusion between the citation of names and authors in the original pu- 
blications and the act of description resulting in homonyms. 

Mimetica brunneri Saussure & Pictet (1898: 453) was given as a replacement 
name for "M. mortuifolia Brunner, 1895", but in that publication Brunner refers expli- 
citly to M. mortuifolia Pictet, 1888 (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1895: 256). M. brunneri 
(which is now considered a junior synonym of M. mortuifolia Pictet), was clearly an 
unnecessary new name, and the material seen by Brunner, including the spécimen 
referred to as the holotype on OSF which is now in the Naturhistorisches Muséum in 
Vienna (NHMW), has no type status. 

Hemiudeopsylla californiana Saussure & Pictet (1897: 302) was listed by Kirby 
(1906: 130) as a species "nec. Scudder" despite the fact that the référence in the 
Saussure & Pictet is explicitly to H. californiana (Scudder, 1862). H. californiana 
Saussure & Pictet is currently considered a junior synonym of Pristoceuthophilus 
celatus (Scudder, 1894) but was actually a misidentification, and the name is 
unavailable. 



CATALOGUE OF A PICTET'S ORTHOPTERA 



399 



Kirby (1906: 346) lists Meroncidius rosalia Pictet, 1888 as a junior synonym of 
Diophanes salvifolia (Lichtenstein, 1798) but Pictet explicitly cited the species as "M. 
rosalia Stoll", based on plate 7 figures 23 and 24 in Stoll (no exact référence given), 
and the name M. rosalia Pictet is unavailable. Pictet's material has not been located, 
but may be amongst the spécimens currently in the collection as Diophanes perspi- 
cillatus Stoll, 1813. 

Kirby (1906: 353) gave Cycloptera reticulaia as a replacement name for C. 
aurantifolia Pictet, 1888 on the grounds that this was a junior homonym of C. auran- 
tifolia (Stoll, 1813). In the text, however, Pictet explicitly refers to C. aurantifolia Stoll 
and the name C. aurantifolia Pictet is thus unavailable. Vignon (1931 : 161) designated 
a spécimen seen by Pictet (in box E31 of the MHNG collection) as the holotype of 
Cycloptera retieulata Kirby, 1906. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

Thanks are due to Anita Hollier and Peter Schwendinger for comments on the 
layout and text, and to Bernd Hauser for historical information about the MHNG 
collection. Spécial thanks are due to Carlos Carbonell, who made available his notes 
on the MHNG collection. David Rentz provided information about lectotype 
désignations and George Beccaloni kindly checked some of the BMNH information. 
David Eades and Sam Heads kindly made data held by OSF available. The paper was 
greatly improved by the suggestions of the subject editor, Bernhard Merz. 

REFERENCES 

Brunner von Wattenwyl, C. 1895. Monographie der Pseudophylliden. Verhandlungen der 
Kaiserlich-Kôniglichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 45: 1-282, 10 
plates. 

Carbonell, C. S. 2007. The genus Zoniopoda Stâl 1872 (Acridoidea, Romaleidae, Romaleinae). 

Journal of Orthoptera Research 16: 1-33. 
De Jong, C. 1938. On Indo-Malayan Pterophyllinae (Orthoptera, family Tettigoniidae). 

Zoologische Mededeelingen 21: 1-109. 
Eades, D. C. & Otte, D. 2010. Orthoptera Species File Online. Version 2.0/4.0. Online at 

http://www.Orthoptera.SpeciesFile.org [Accessed 10.vii.2010]. 
Emsley, M. G. 1970. A revision of the steirodontine katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: 

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delphia 122:125-248. 

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REVUE SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 



Tome 118 — Fascicule 2 



Pages 

Dankittipakul, Pakavvin & Singtripop, Tippawan. The spider genus 
Hersilia in Thailand, with descriptions of two new species (Araneae, 
Hersiliidae) 207-221 

Hong, Yong. Two new species of Amynîhas (Clitellata: Megascolecidae) 

from lettuce fields of Mt. Taebaek Korea 223-230 

Warburg, Michael R. Long-term study on the variability in duration of 
larval period and timing of metamorphosis in a salamander: a way to 

regulate dispersai 231-249 

Duma, Ioan & Tanasevitch, Andrei V. A new Scutpelecopsis Marusik & 

Gnelitsa from Romania (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae) 251-256 

Babenko, Anatoly & SKARZYNSKI, Dariusz. Ceraîophy sella lobata sp. n. 
from Siberia with notes on C. brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 (Collem- 

bola: Hypogastruridae) 257-264 

Dalhoumi, Ridha, Aissa, Patricia & Aulagnier, Stéphane. Taxonomie et 

répartition des chiroptères de Tunisie 265-292 

Lienhard, Charles. A new species of Siamoglaris from Thailand with 
complementary description of the type species (Psocodea: 'Psocop- 
tera': Prionoglarididae) 293-306 

Smales, Lesley R. Centrorhynchidae (Acanthocephala) including the 
description of new species of Centrorhynchus from birds from the 
Côte d'Ivoire, Africa 307-3 1 8 

Azpelicueta, Maria de las Mercedes, Aguilera, Gaston & Mirande, 
Juan Marcos. Heptapterus mbya (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae), a 
new species of catfish from the Paranâ river basin, in Argentina .... 319-327 

Magrini, Paolo & Baviera, Cosimo. Note sulle Typhloreicheia 
(Holdhaus, 1924) siciliane del "gruppo praecox" con descrizione di 
una nuova specie (Coleoptera Carabidae: Scaritinae) 329-343 

Hollier, John. An annotated list of the Orthoptera (Insecta) species 
described by Alphonse Pictet (alone, and with Henri de Suassure) 
with an account of the primary type material présent in the Muséum 
d'histoire naturelle in Geneva 345-400 



REVUE SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE 



Volume 118 — Number 1 

Pages 

Dankittipakul, Pakawin & Singtripop, Tippawan. The spider genus 
Hersilia in Thailand, with descriptions of two new species (Araneae, 
Hersiliidae) 207-221 

Hong, Yong. Two new species of Amynthas (Clitellata: Megascolecidae) 

from lettuce fields of Mt. Taebaek Korea 223-230 

Warburg, Michael R. Long-term study on the variability in duration of 
larval period and timing of metamorphosis in a salamander: a way to 
regulate dispersai 231-249 

Duma, Ioan & Tanasevitch, Andrei V. A new Scutpelecopsis Marusik & 

Gnelitsa from Romania (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae) / 25 1-256 

Babenko, Anatoly & Skarzynski, Dariusz. Ceratophy sella lobata sp. n. 
from Siberia with notes on C. brevisensillata Yosii, 1961 (Collem- 
bola: Hypogastruridae) 257-264 

Dalhoumi, Ridha, Aissa, Patricia & Aulagnier, Stéphane. Taxonomic 

status and distribution of Tunisian bats 265-292 

Lienhard, Charles. A new species of Siamoglaris from Thailand with 
complementary description of the type species (Psocodea: 'Psocop- 
tera': Prionoglarididae) 293-306 

Smales, Lesley R. Centrorhynchidae (Acanthocephala) including the 
description of new species of Centrorhynchus from birds from the 
Côte d'Ivoire, Africa 307-3 1 8 

Azpelicueta, Maria de las Mercedes, Aguilera, Gaston & Mirande, 
Juan Marcos. Heptapterus mbya (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae), a 
new species of catfish from the Paranâ river basin, in Argentina . . . 319-327 

Magrini, Paolo & Baviera, Cosimo. On Sicilian Typhloreicheia 
(Holdhaus, 1924) of the "praecox group" with description of a new 
species (Coleoptera Carabidae: Scaritinae) 329-343 

Hollier, John. An annotated list of the Orthoptera (Insecta) species 
described by Alphonse Pictet (alone, and with Henri de Suassure) 
with an account of the primary type material présent in the Muséum 
d'histoire naturelle in Geneva 345-400 



Indexed in Current Contents, Science Citation Index 



PUBLICATIONS DU MUSEUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE DE GENÈVE 



CATALOGUE DES INVERTEBRES DE LA SUISSE, N os 1-17 (1908-1926) série Fr. 285 

(prix des fascicules sur demande) 

REVUE DE PALÉOBIOLOGIE Echange ou par fascicule Fr. 35 

LE RHINOLOPHE (Bulletin du centre d'étude des chauves-souris) par fascicule Fr. 35 

THE EUROPEAN PROTURA: THEIR TAXONOMY, ECOLOGY AND 
DISTRIBUTION, WITH KEYS FOR DETERMINATION 

J. Nosek, 345 p., 1973 Fr. 30 

CLASSIFICATION OF THE DIPLOPODA 

R. L. Hoffman, 237 p., 1979 Fr. 30 

LES OISEAUX NICHEURS DU CANTON DE GENÈVE 
P. Géroudet, C. Guex & M. Maire 

351 p., nombreuses cartes et figures, 1983 Fr. 45 

CATALOGUE COMMENTÉ DES TYPES D'ECHINODERMES ACTUELS 
CONSERVÉS DANS LES COLLECTIONS NATIONALES SUISSES, 
SUIVI D'UNE NOTICE SUR LA CONTRIBUTION DE LOUIS AGASSIZ 
À LA CONNAISSANCE DES ECHINODERMES ACTUELS 

M. Jangoux, 67 p., 1985 Fr. 15 

RADULAS DE GASTÉROPODES LITTORAUX DE LA MANCHE 
(COTENTIN-BAIE DE SEINE, FRANCE) 

Y. Finet, J. WOest&K. Mareda, 62 p., 1991 Fr. 10. 

GASTROPODS OF THE CHANNEL AND ATLANTIC OCEAN: 
SHELLS AND RADULAS 

Y. Finet, J. Wuest & K. Mareda, 1992 Fr. 30 

O. SCHMIDT SPONGE CATALOGUE 

R. Desqueyroux-Faundez & S.M. Stone, 190 p., 1992 Fr. 40 

ATLAS DE RÉPARTITION DES AMPHIBIENS 
ET REPTILES DU CANTON DE GENÈVE 

A. Keller, V. Aellen & V. Mahnert, 48 p., 1993 Fr. 15. 

THE MARINE MOLLUSKS OF THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS: 
A DOCUMENTED FAUNAL LIST 

Y. Finet, 180 p., 1995 Fr. 30 

NOTICE SUR LES COLLECTIONS MALACOLOGIQUES 
DU MUSEUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE DE GENEVE 

J.-C. Cailliez, 49 p., 1995 Fr. 22 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE XlIIth INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS 

OF ARACHNOLOGY, Geneva 1995 (ed. V. Mahnert), 720 p. (2 vol.), 1996 Fr. 160 

CATALOGUE OF THE SCAPHIDIINAE (COLEOPTERA: STAPHYLINIDAE) 

(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis I), I. Lôbl, xii + 190 p., 1997 Fr. 50 

CATALOGUE SYNONYMIQUE ET GEOGRAPHIQUE DES SYRPHIDAE (DIPTERA) 
DE LA REGION AFROTROPICALE 

(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis II), H. G. Dirickx, x +187 p., 1998 Fr. 50 

A REVISION OF THE CORYLOPHIDAE (COLEOPTERA) OF THE 
WEST PALAEARCTIC REGION 

(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis III), S. Bowestead, 203 p., 1999 Fr. 60 

THE HERPETOFAUNA OF SOUTHERN YEMEN AND THE 
SOKOTRA ARCHIPELAGO 

(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis IV), B. Schàtti & A. Desvoignes, 

178 p., 1999 Fr. 70 

PSOCOPTERA (INSECTA): WORLD CATALOGUE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY 
(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis V), C. LlENHARD & C. N. Smithers, 

xli + 745 p., 2002 Fr. 180 

REVISION DER PALÀARKTISCHEN ARTEN DER GATTUNG BRACHYGLUTA 
THOMSON, 1859 (COLEOPTERA, STAPHYLINIDAE) (1. Teil) 
(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis VI), G. Sabella, Ch. Buckle, V. Brachat 

& C. Besuchet, vi + 283 p., 2004 Fr. 100 

PHYLOGENY, TAXONOMY, AND BIOLOGY OF TEPHRITOID FLIES 
(DIPTERA, TEPHRITOIDEA) 

Proceedings of the "3rd Tephritoid Taxonomist's Meeting, Geneva, 19.-24. July 2004" 
(Instrumenta Biodiversitatis VII). B. Merz, vi + 274 p., 2006 Fr. 100. 



Volume 1 18 - Number 2 - 201 1 



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