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Full text of "Reynard the Fox. A burlesque poem from the Low-German original of the fifteenth century.."



OxLOS ANCEi.fr. 



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REYNARD THE FOX. 




A BURLESQUE POEM 



FROM THK 



LOW-GERMAN ORIGINAL OF THK FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 




To show what th' adage says of old : 
That Wit is better far than Gold. 



BOSTON: 
DE VRIES, IBARRA & CO. 

NEW YORK: CHARLES SCRIBXEK. . 
1865. 



307 73 



Knterrd arcordinir to Act of CngreK, in the year IHfH, lijr 

I)K VRIKS, IRAKKA AND CO. 
In the Clerk'* Offlco of the Iii-iri, t Court of tlie I ii-iri,-i of Mauadi 



TT 



5" 



PREFACE. 



THE Fable of the Fox is of a very ancient origin ; 
for it may be traced in several languages, particu- 
larly in the German and French, up to the thir- 
teenth Century, and probably it existed even before 
that period. For it is reported that a certain Earl 
Reynard, or Reginard, a vassal of King Sveiitebold 
of Lorraine, who lived in the tenth Century of our 
Era, being outlawed and persecuted by his Sover- 
eign, found means, by dint of his slyness, to elude 
all the persecutions of his King, insomuch that his 
name had become proverbial, as denoting a sly and 
cunning person ; and it is supposed by many, that 
the adventures of this Earl furnished the first ma- 
terials for the fable. 

The names of Tsegrim and Reynard, applied to 
the Wolf and Fox by the German and French 
writers, being originally German, seem to indicate 

[Tj 



VI PREFACE. 

that the fable first of all was composed by a Ger- 
man author, although we do not know at present of 
any production of that kind in German, of so early 
a date. 

Towards the latter end of the fifteenth Century 
the fable of the Wolf and Fox became the vehicle 
of several poignant satires against the vices and 
corruptions of those times, and the following works 
of that tendency have been mentioned by Hearne, 
Flogel, Marchand and other philologists : 

Reynard the Fox, printed for Wm. Caxton. 
Westminster 1481. Folio. 

De Historic van Reynaert de Vos. Delft. 1485. 
Quarto. 

Le Livre de Maistre Reynard & de sa femme 
Hereante. 1478. Quarto. 

Last of all a Poem, written in the Low- German 
dialect, and entitled Reyneke de Vbs, was published 
at Lubeck in the year 1498. Only a single Copy 
of this edition remains extant in the library of the 
Duke of Brunswick. 

A second edition of this work was published at 
Rostock in 1515, and a third in 1517 at the same 
place. The former is lost, but of the latter a Copy 



PREFACE. t VH 

is said to exist in the library of the King of Saxony. 
The fourth edition, published by Nicholas Bauman 
and printed for Ludwig Dietz at Rostock in 1522, 
seems likewise to be lost ; but a fifth edition was 
published in 1539 by the same bookseller at Ros- 
tock. A Copy of this edition which is very 
rare is deposited in the library of the city of 
Hamburg. 

The Author of the Low-German Original, in 
his preface to the first edition of his Work, called 
himself Hinrek van Alkmer, tutor and preceptor to 
the Duke of Lorraine, and said that he translated it 
from the French and Walloon languages ; but it 
has been long since the opinion of Philologists, that 
the name of Hinrek van Alkmer was only a ficti- 
tious one, assumed by the real author Nicholas 
Bauman for political reasons ; for he lived at first 
as secretary with the Duke of Juliers ; but having 
incurred the displeasure of the Duke, he entered as 
secretary into the service of Magnus, Duke of Meck- 
lenburg, whose favorite he became, and in whose 
service he continued till his death, which happened 
at Rostock in 1526. All these circumstances have 
been also confirmed by the descendants of Bauman. 



Vlii PREFACE. 

y 

In fact no such name, as Hinrek van Alkmer is 
to be found upon record any where among the 
names of the Literati of the middle age ; excepting 
the mention made of it in the preface to the first 
edition of Reyneke de Vos of 1498 ; and it is .to 
be observed, that in the numerous subsequent edi- 
tions, which have been published by Ludwig Dietz 
at Rostock, down to the year 1549, only the name 
of the editor Bauman is mentioned, and not a word 
said about Hinrek van Alkmer. 

Moreover it is hardly to be conceived, that a 
work, which was at first published at Lubeck, and 
afterwards at Rostock, should have been composed 
by an author residing in Lorraine ; or that an in- 
habitant of that Country should have wrote a poem 
in a dialect, which is peculiar to Low-Germany, 
and particularly to the province of East-Frisia, the 
native country of Bauman. 

But be this as it may, it is certain at least, that 
whosoever was the author of Reyneke de Vos, 
he was a man of much wit, learning, humour and 
knowledge of mankind, and that his work is a val- 
uable specimen of ancient Low-German poetry, 
full of poignant satire against the vices and abuses 



PREFACE. IX 

of his time, and that it contributed no less, than the 
works of Erasmus, Rabelais and Boccaccio, to pave 
the way for the Reformation. It was one of the 
first works printed in Germany, and it was at that 
time very popular. 

Like the Don Quixote of Cervantes, it has ever 
since preserved its popularity. From the fifteenth 
down to the end of the eighteenth Century no less 
than twenty two editions of the Original have been 
published, and at the same time it has been trans- 
lated into almost every language of Europe, nay 
even into Latin verse by Herrman Schopper in 
1567, and into Hebrew by Rabbi Barachias Ben 
Natronai in 1557. Goethe, the great German 
Poet, translated it into German Hexameters ; and 
a second edition of the translation in German Dog- 
gerel-Rhymes (the same metre, in which the Orig- 
inal is written), has been published with success. 

The Consanguinity of the languages has sug- 
gested the attempt at English Paraphrase, which is 
now offered to the Public. 

Hypercritics may possibly find fault with some 
passages in the poem, which savor a little of the 
indelicate taste of the middle age. They could not 



X PREFACE. 

be expunged entirely, without deviating from the 
plan of the fable, with which they are so closely 
interwoven, that, without them, much of the comical 
effect of the poem would be lost; but the en- 
deavor has been made to mitigate them as much 
!as possible. Besides, none of them, even in the 
rude style of the original, contain such indelicacies 
as Butler's ffudibras, which still meets with ad- 
mirers (and in many respects not undeservedly) in 
our polite age. 

It has been thought expedient to transplant the 
scene of action from Germany to England, imagin- 
ing that this would adapt the subject more to the 
taste of the English reader. 

Another alteration, which has been adopted, re- 
spects the outward form of the work. The Original 
is divided into four Books, of which the first con- 
tains thirty nine Chapters, the second only nine, the 
third fourteen and the last thirteen. The dispro- 
portion appeared to be too great between the first 
Book and the three others. The same disproportion 
also prevailed in the subdivision of the Chapters, 
some of which contained upwards of two hundred 
lines, and others only twenty. Instead of this, the 



PREFACE. XI 

whole Poem has been divided into four Parts, and 
each Part into three Cantos. 

Finally, Philologists express the opinion, that 
the first book of the Original (which compre- 
hends the first and second part of the present 
Paraphrase) contains in fact a translation, or an 
imitation of some other, more ancient work, and 
that the rest was composed by the Poet himself. 

Beside the passages alluded to above, several 
other abridgments have been made, in order to 
avoid the pleonasms and tautologies which fre- 
quently occur in the Original, and in most of the 
other works of the middle age. 

V D. 



CONTENTS. 



P A E T I. 

PAGE 

CANTO I. THE ACCUSATION 17 

II. THE FIRST SUMMONS 31 

III. THE SECOND SUMMONS 45 

PART II. 



CANTO I. THE TRIAL 64 

II. THE PARDON 76 

III. THE RELAPSE . 88 

PART III. 

CANTO I. THE OUTLAWRY 108 

II. THE JOURNEY 120 

III. THE ADVOCACY 135 

PART IV. 

CANTO I. THE SECOND PARDON 152 

II. THE DEFIANCE 173 

III. THE BATTLE 190 

[xiii] 



NAMES 

APPLIED TO THE ANIMALS, WHICH APPEAR IN THIS POEM. 



NOBLE the Lion. 

REYNARD (also Rankey) . . . the Fox. 

ERMINET the She-Fox. 

RANKEY and RUSSET . . . their Whelps. 

GROWLER the Wolf. 

SURLY the She -Wolf. 

GIB the Cat. 

FRISKY the Lap-Dog. 

GRAY the Badger. 

CHANTICLEER the Cock. 

SIMPLE the Ram. 

CASTOR the Beaver. 

PUG the Monkey. 

PRY the She-Ape. 

Puss : the Hare. 

BROWN the Bear. 

[xv] 



% Jfm 



PAET I. 
CANTO I. THE ACCUSATION. 

ARGUMENT. 

King Noble orders public feasts 

For all his Subjects, birds and beasts. 

Reynard, accus'd of knavish art, 

Gray, his relative, takes his part ; 

When, lo ! the Cock, Sir Chanticleer 

And all his family appear 

With fresh complaints. The King, by warrant, 

Sends for the Fox. Brown goes the errand. 

IT happen'd on a Whitsunday, 
When woods and fields look'd green and gay, 
When balmy flow'rs and herbs were springing, 
And feather'd folks were sweetly singing ; 
The Morn was fine, the weather clear, 
And fragrant odours fill'd the air, 
When Noble, sov'reign King of Beasts, 
Proclaim'd a Court and public feasts. 
His loyal Subjects, Lords and Commons, 
Obey'd their Master's royal summons, 
2 




(8 REYNARD THE FOX. fPAKT I 

And many a valiant Knight and Squire 

To Court repair'd in grand attire 

With their attendants, great and small ; 

'T was difficult to count them all. 

E'en Crane and Jackdaw, Rook and Jay, 15 

Buzzard and Owl, came forth that day; 

For Noble to this sumptuous feast 

Had summon'd every bird and beast, 

Save crafty Reynard, who alone, 

For vilest mischief he had done, 20 

Was holden in such ill report, 

He durst not show his face at Court. 

As deeds of darkness shun the light, 

So Rankey did ; that treach'rous wight, 

Convinc'd, he would not be commended 25 

By those, he had so oft offended. 

No one was found on that dread day, 

Except his friend, the Badger Gray, 

But who, when Sessions did begin, 

Brought against him some Action in. 30 

Growler, the Wolf and his relations 
Presented first their accusations. 
Growler the royal Throne approach'd, 
And thus his doleful tale he broach'd : 
' May't please Your Majesty, for Pity 3.) 

And Justice' sake I do intreat Ye 
To listen to the rueful story 
Of wrongs, which I must lay before Ye ; 



CANTO I.] THE ACCUSATION. 19 

For Reynard, vilest of his race, 

Hath overwhelm'd me with disgrace. 40 

My wife, alas! he has beguil'd, 

My children too he hath defil'd, 

For with his ordure, out of spite, 

He robb'd them of their precious sight. 

When tried for this his foul offence, 45 

Instead of making a defence, 

Away the sneaking rascal stole, 

And basely fled into his hole. 

I should not finish in a week, 

Of all his knavish tricks to speak ; 50 

Nay, if the greatest Linen-draper 
Had all his stock made into paper, 
'T were not sufficient to contain 
The wrongs, of which I might complain. 
Then grant me but this one request : 55 

Revenge my wife ; I waive the rest." 

When Growler thus his speech had ended, 
Frisky, a Lap-dog, much offended, 
Began a tale in French, and swore : 
" Parbleu ! " that when he had no more, 60 

Than one poor sausage, in a wood 
Vile Rankey robb'd him of his food. 

Him Gib, the Cat, did hastily 
Cut short. " In troth, Your Majesty 
(Quoth he) may well on Reynard frown ; 65 

'T is felt by all, to All 't is known, 



20 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART I. 

We stand of him iii greater fear, 

Than of Yourself. This Frisky here, 

However, tells a pretty story, 

But lame, as I shall prove before Ye. 70 

The sausage, Sir, in fact was wn'ne, 

Although to claim it, I decline. 

One night, in close pursuit of game, 

By chance into a mill I came ; 

The miller, who sat in the passage, 75 

Was fast asleep ; I took the sausage, 

And therefore Frisky must admit, 

That he had no pretence to it." 

" Gib (said the Leopard), 't is in vain, 
Of such small matter to complain. 80 

We know full well, that Reynard's tricks 
Are more provoking, than Old Nick's ; 
He robs and steals like any thief 
And footpad, and he would as lief 
Sell King and Country for a pullet, 85 

As you catch mice, to fill your gullet. 

To prove the truth of what I say, 
Hear what hath happen'd yesterday 
To tim'rous Puss, the harmless hare : 
To cozen her into a snare, 90 

With promises the wretch begun : 
He swore, she should become a nun, 
And he would teach her to sing mass, 
As naturally, as eat grass. 



CANTO I.] THE ACCUSATION. 21 

But when upon her Knees she fell 95 

(Convinc'd that Reynard meant it well), 

To sing the Creed, the villain seiz'd her, 

And between both his knees he squeez'd her, 

And would have kill'd her, if her cry 

Had not struck me, as I pass'd by. 100 

I heard the noise, and going in, 

I found him plucking Pussey's skin. 

The wounds, which on her neck appear, 

Confirm the truth of what you hear. 

If you, My Lords, would now defer 105 

To punish this fell murderer, 

You would encourage him, to break 

The King's peace, nay in time his neck ; 

For those, who suffer from him, would 

Seek their revenge, on whom they could, 110 

And you and your descendants may 

Be made to rue it some fine day." 

Quoth Growler : " Very true, My Lord ; 
The Leopard spoke a well-tim'd word. 
All peaceful Creatures, Sir, will thank Ye 115 
If you will hang this rascal Rankey ; 
But if you spare him on this score, 
He'll rob and murder hundreds more." 

The badger Gray, nephew to Reynard, 
To plead his uncle's cause did strain hard, 120 
And thus he did the Wolf address : 
" Sir Growler, an old proverb says, 



22 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART I. 

No Praise comes from an enemy. 
This shows your bitter calumny 
Against my uncle Reynard here, 125 

Who, if in Court he should appear, 
Would make some busy folks, I wot, 
Right fain, Sir Wolf, to change their note. 
You speak of faults, long since committed ; . 
But why, good Sir, have you omitted 130 

The cruelties and actions vile, 
Which your own character defile ? + 

You probably have not forgot 
Your ent'ring once into a plot 
With him, to stroll about for booty, 135 

And that my uncle, true t' his duty, 
Was nearly kill'd on your account, 
Which, with your leave, I must recount : 
A Clown they met once, with his Cart, 
Bringing new mackerel to mart ; 140 

Growler was eager to devour them, 
But lacking money to pay for them, 
Reynard had pity on his hard case 
And ventur'd for his friend his carcase ; 
For in the track he did lay down 145 

With counterfeited death ; the Clown 
To kill my uncle, drew his knife, 
But as he show'd no sign of life, 
He careless on the cart did lay him, 
Drove on again, and meant to flay him. 150 



CANTO I.] THE ACCUSATION. 23 

Reynard flung down the mackerel, 

Which Growler pick'd up, as they fell, 

Who wisely follow'd at some distance, 

And came not near, for fear of mischance. 

Reynard at length was tir'd of keeping 155 

His place, and from the carriage leaping, 

He for his share of th' fish did call ; 

But Growler had devour'd them all, 

And he got nothing for his pain, 

But the bare bones, which did remain. 1 60 

Soon after this a Butcher kill'd 
A fine fat Hog. . Sly Reynard, fill'd 
With hopes of meeting with nice fare, 
To Growler made haste to repair. 
To share the booty they agreed, 165 

When Reynard, eager to succeed, 
Rush'd boldly in, and flung the meat 
Out of the shop into the street, 
But was attack'd by Dogs, who curried 
His hide, till he was almost worried. 170 

All bleeding he to Growler came, 
His mess of pork from him to claim. 
Quoth Growler : " Yes, come here and eat 
This fine fat morsel of hog's meat," 
And with a sneer to him he flung 1 75 

The Crook, on which the sow had hung. 
Reynard, for usage so unfair, 
Was mad with rage and with despair. 



24 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART I. 

Nay, many other tricks I could 

Report like this, Sir, if I would ; 180 

But I'll be silent on the rest, 

Reynard himself can tell them best. 

I only shall observe, My Lord, 

That Growler spoke a foolish word, 

And brought great scandal on his wife, 185 

Whom at the peril of his life 

He ought to screen from defamation. 

But to refute his accusation, 

Some years ago Reynard by chance 

Met "with Dame Surly at a dance 190 

In Growler's absence ; he was ready 

To show attention to the lady, 

And (as report says) she no less 

Was pleas'd with Reynard's courteousness ; 

At least we never heard her mention 195 

That he abus'd her condescension ; 

Nor can it add to Growler's honour. 

To bring disgrace and blame upon her. 

The Leopard's tale of Puss is nought ; 
For if she sung not as she ought, 200 

Reynard, her teacher and director 
Did right, to punish and correct her. 
Young folks are petulant and wild ; 
To spare the rod, would spoil the child. 

Beau Frisky too had best refrain, 205 

Of loss of sausage to complain. 



CANTO I.] THE ACCUSATION. 25 

You heard, My Lord, that in the woods 

Reynard took from him stolen goods. 

What on the devil's back is got, 

Under his belly goes to pot. 210 

Reynard, for acting as he did, 

Deserves more to be prais'd, than chid. 

The duty of men in high trust is, 

To bring such sneaking rogues to Justice ; 

If he had hang'd the Cur, 't is true, 215 

The devil had but got his due ; 

But Reynard modestly refrain'd ; 

Because it is by law ordain'd, 

That Kings alone should have the sway, 

To take a Subject's life away. 220 

Reynard with so much loyalty 

Respects the rights of Royalty, 

That, since Your Majesty proclaim'd 

A general peace, he never maim'd, 

Nor hurt a single peaceful creature ; 225 

For he is of such sober nature, 

That he makes but one meal a day, 

And like an hermit, his array 

Is a coarse, rugged frock of hair ; 

Meat he abhorreth for his fare, 230 

Nay those, who saw him last, will tell 

He left his house, and built a cell, 

And was grown pale with everlasting 

Contrition, penance, pray'rs and fasting. 



26 EEYNARD THE FOX. [PABT I 

My uncle thus, in spite of railings 235 

And slander, expiates his failings, 
And if for his defence you call, 
He will confute his sland'rers all." 

Gray scarce had done, when Chanticleer 
The Cock, in mourning did appear, 240 

Two Sons accompanied their Sire, 
Like him in funeral attire, 
With hoods of crape and torches lighted, 
And doleful lays they both recited ; 
Two others follow'd with a bier ; 245 

Mournful and slowly they drew near, 
With heartfelt sighs and deepest groan, 
Their fav'rite sister to bemoan. 

The Cock in tears the Throne approach'd, 
And thus his sad harangue he broach'd : 250 

" My Liege, have pity on a man, 
The most distressed of his clan. 
Who, with his children here before You, 
Is come, for vengeance to implore You 
On Reynard, who with fell design 255 

Hath done great harm to me and mine. 
When hoary winter left the plain, 
And Spring smil'd on the World again, 
When leaves were budding, daisies springing 
And tuneful birds in thickets singing, 260 

The Sun at dawn of morning found me 
With my young family around me ; 



CAKTO I.] THE ACCUSATION. 27 



Ten Sons and fourteen Daughters fair, 
Breathing with joy the genial air, 
All of one breed, and full of life, 265 

Brought up by my good prudent wife. 
Protected by a massy wall 
And six bold mastiffs, stout and tall, 
They liv'd, in spite of Reynard crafty, 
Within a Cloister-yard in safety. 270 

Reynard lurk'd oft, the wall around, 
But ne'er a cranny there he found ; 
Our mastiffs too, who were awake, 
Wonld force him to his heels to take ; 
For when within reach they espied him, 275 

With claws and teeth so well they ply'd him, 
That narrowly he saved his fleece, 
And for some time left us in peace. 

But lo ! our enemy contriv'd, 

Our joy, alas ! should be short-liv'd. 280 

In hermit's garb the traitor came, 
With letters, written in Your name, 
Where strictest orders were express'd, 
To keep peace between bird and beast. 
He said, he scoru'd the joys of sense, 285 

And led a life of penitence, 
To expiate his former guilt, 
And, streams of blood, which he had spilt ; 
He vow'd, in future he would eat 
No poultry, nor forbidden meat.. 290 



28 RETNARD THE FOX. [PART I 

A hood lie wore, and scapulary, 

And next t' his skin a frock ; all hairy ; 

And testimonies from his Prior 

Shovv'd that he was become a friar. 

At parting he said : " Well, my friend, 293 

I to the Lord thee recommend, 

For I must look to ray affairs, 

And go, to say my evening pray'rs." 

Thus canting he went off; but laid 

For us a treach'rous ambuscade. 300 

All joyful to my little crew, 
To tell the happy news I flew, 

That Reynard friar's garments wore, 
And was our enemy no more. 
Now for the first time we did venture 305 

Out of our gate. A dire adventure 
Awaited us ; for whilst we stray'd 
And sported on a sunny glade, 
Reynard, conceal'd below a bush, 
Upon us suddenly did rush; 310 

One of my hopeful Sons he slew, 
And of my fairest daughters two, 
And since, where'er he can detect them, 
Nor walls, nor mastiffs can protect them ; 
By main force, or by cunning sleight, 315 

He picks them up by day and night. 
Five only out of twenty-four 
Are left ; the rest he did devour. 



CAlfTO I.] THE ACCUSATION. 29 

My daughter Rake-up on this bier, 

Slain by the murderer, lies here ; 320 

He bit her neck off yesterday. 

Revenge her death, my Liege, I pray." 

" Sir Gray (quoth Noble) did you hear ? 
Fine things of th' hermit-fox appear. 
Was 't thus, that with his fasts he meant it ? 325 
Sure as I live, he shall repent it! 

Good Cock, we Ve heard your mournful tale, 
And we your daughter's fate bewail ; 
Thus, first of all, we'll see the honour 
Of funeral rites bestow'd upon her ; 330 

Next with our Council we shall further 
Consult, how to revenge this murder." 

The King then order'd young and old, 
Vigils for the dead hen to hold ; 
But how Placebo Domino, 335 

Psalm, Lesson and Response, or so, 
Was sung, what Chapter and which verse, 
Would be full tedious to rehearse ; 
We therefore cut that matter short, 
And hope, the Reader thanks us for't. 340 

Soon as the body was interr'd, 
A marble tomb-stone was prepar'd, 
On whose smooth surface, (as we've hear*d), 
The following epitaph appear'd : 



80 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART L 

RAKE-UP, BEGOT BY CHANTICLEER, 

IN THE COLD GRAVE LIES BURIED HERE. 

SHE WAS OP HENS THE VERY BEST, 
AND FULL OF EGGS SHE LAID HER NEST. 
SHE '8 BIT TO DEATH BY REYNARD BASE. 
WAND'RER, HAVE PITY WITH HER CASE. 350 

This done, King Noble to his hall 
A Jury of wise men did call, 
To whom he signified his will, 
Against the Fox to find a Bill ; 
Which being found, it was decreed 355 

To summon him with all due speed, 
To come to Court, and not to tarry. 

This message Brown was bid to carry. 
King Noble, calling forth the Bear, 
Quoth he : " Be cautious, and take care 360 

How you proceed on this nice errand ; 
For Reynard is a Knave, so arrant, 
So full of wily tricks and lies, 
He'll make you disbelieve your eyes." 

"No, no, (quoth Brown) upon my oath. 365 
My Liege, I should be very loth, 
To have it thought, that Reynard could 
Cheat me with tricks ; nay, if he would, 
I'd make him smart for it so cruelly, 
He never should forget it, truly. 370 



CANTO H. THE FIRST SUMMONS. 



ARGUMENT. 

BROWN, eager for the Honey-mart, 
Is sorely dubb'd through Reynard's art. 
Caught in a Cleft by head and paws, 
He loses bQth his ears and claws, 
Of which fell Reynard makes a sport. 
The wounded Bear limps back to Court. 
King Noble and his Lords and Commons 
Send to the Fox a second summons. 

IN highest spirits Brown, that stout 
And mighty man of war, set out. 
O'er hills and mountains he with speed 
Through woods and thickets did proceed, 

Until he came to Malpertouse ; -^ 5 

For this was Reynard's fav'rite house, 
To which he gave a preference, 
As being fittest for defence. 

When Brown came there, he loudly knock'd 
At th'outer-gate, which he found lock'd. 10 

[31] 



32 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT I. 

He bawl'd out with a dreadful din : 

" I'm Brown, your cousin ; let me in, 

A message from the King I bear 

Of great importance, as you'll hear. 

You are to come to Court with speed, 15 

Your cause before the Lords to plead. 

He vow'd that, if you disobey'd, 

You should be either hang'd or flay'd. 

Make haste to follow my advice." 

Reynard thought, that a case so nice 20 

Requir'd before determination. 
First a mature consideration. 
" This bear (thought he) speaks in a strain 
So proud and bold, that I would fain 
Bring down his pride." Sly Rankey then 25 

Went to a back-room in his den ; 
For Malpertouse, a war-like place, 
Had many casemates, cover'd ways 
And other strong-holds, which he could 
Or shut, or open, as he would. 30 

'T was there he used to skulk away 
From danger, and to hide his prey, 
And beasts, which sometimes by foul hap 
Came in, were caught there in a trap. 
He first consider'd at full leisure 35 

Brown's speech, which did not give him pleasure ; 
For he at first was much afraid 
Of stratagem, or ambush laid ; 



CANTO II.] THE FIRST SUMMONS. 33 

But when he was assur'd, that none 
Were at the gate, but Brown alone, 40 

He banish'd all concern and fear, 
Unlock'd, and thus address'd the Bear : 
"My worthy cousin, welcome here! 
I'm glad to see you; pray, what clreer? 
Excuse my loit'ring above stairs-; . 45 

I just was at my evening pray'rs. 
My joy I scarcely can restrain ; 
Welcome my dear friend, once again ! 
But those, who sent you, Sir, did wrong ; 
To you such service can't belong. 50 

Was there no messenger at hand, 
That our dread Sov'reign must command 
The Lord Chief Baron of his Court, 
A person of such high report, 
On journeys of such length to go? 55 

To me 't will be worth much, I trow, 
That You vouchsaf 'd to take that pain ; 
Your kind advice will be a gain ; 
And when I plead my cause at Court, 
I much depend on your support. 60 

Nay, had you not been sent this way, 
I had resolv'd this very day, 
To take a trip to Court to-morrow. 
Mean time, I can not (to my sorrow) 
Depart immediately with you ; 65 

For, meeting with some food, quite new, 
3 



34 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT I. 

It so much swell'd my stomach, Sir, 
That I have not the power to stir." 
" Pray, friend (quoth Brown) what was your meat ? 

" What signifies, what poor folks eat ? 70 

(Quoth Reynard), small fare, take my word; 
You know, a beggar is no Lord. 
When pantry nothing yields, nor churn, 
A honey-comb must serve our turn. 
On such I dined, the truth to tell ye, 75 

And it is like to burst my belly. 
I could not, but in case of need, 
Resolve to eat such fare indeed. 
At other times, for love or money, 
I would not touch a bit of honey." 80 

" Nay friend, (quoth Brown), pray have a care, 
How you call honey poor men's fare. 
Honey for Kings would be a treat, 
In preference to any meat. 

Get me a mess on't, and I'll strain 85 

A nerve or two for you again." 

" Friend Brown, you take me for a fool." 
"Not I, (quoth Brown), upon my soul." 

" Well then, (quoth Reynard with a smile), 
We'll call on neighbor Rustyfile, 90 

And since you are so fond of honey, 
We'll get some, or for love, or money." 

These tempting words much pleas'd the Bear, 
And hit his palate to a hair. 



CANTO II.] THE FIRST SUMMONS. 35 

" Let us make haste (quoth he), I pray, 95 

And show me to the hives the way." 

Quoth Reynard : " You shall have your will, 
And freely own, You've got your fill ; 
For though I can not walk with ease, 
I'll do my best, a friend to please. 100 

Of all relatives, Sir, to you 
I wish to prove myself most true, 
Convinc'd, that in return you'll grant 
Your kind support, which I shall want. 
Then let us here no longer tarry ; 105 

You shall get more, than you can carry." 

" I'll bring thee to a honey-mart 
(Thought Rankey), which shall make thee smart." 

With such lies he the Bear deceiv'd, 
Who like a simpleton believ'd, 110 

And who was highly overjoy'd 
When he the farmer's yard descry'd. 

When they came there, the day was fled, 
And Rustyfile was gone to bed. 
He was a Carpenter by trade ; 115 

An Oak-tree he on beams had laid, 
And to split it he did intend 
With wedges, driven in at th'end ; 
The timber gap'd near half an ell, 
Whieh Reynard had observ'd full well. 120 

" Friend Brown, the gap here in this tree 
Contains a swarm of bees, (quoth he). 



36 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART I. 

T is full of honey ; come, be speedy, 

Pop in your head, but don't l>e greedy, 

Lest you should get the belly-ache" 125 

" No fear of that, (quoth Brown) ; don't take 
Me, Sir, for such a silly creature ; 
I know the pow'rs of my own' nature." 

With both his fore-paws he stept in, 
And over head and ears crept in, 130 

Which Reynard watching, he pull'd out 
In haste the Wedges. Brown, the stout, 
With head and paws, by foul mishap, 
Was thus caught in a wooden trap, 
And could not, though he took much pain, 135 
His forehand disengage again. 
He tugg'd and pull'd, and tore the ground, 
And fill'd the air with yelling sound ; 
He rav'd and roar'd in tone so deep, 
That Rustyfile shook off his sleep, 140 

And from the floor in haste up snatched 
For his defence a sharp-edg'd hatchet, 
And sallied forth. Brown tried again 
To pull his head out; but in vain, 
And when the Carpenter appear'd, 145 

His instant death he sadly fear'd. 

The crafty Fox rail'd at him too. 
" Pray friend, (he ask'd him), how d'ye do? 
I hope you find the honey sweet ; 
Be cautious, not too much to eat. 150 



CANTO II.] THE FIRST SUMMONS. 37 

Here's Rustyfile ; I guess, he'll fill 
A bumper for you, if you will." 
So Reynard, in a jeering strain, 
Laugh'd at him, aud ran off again. 

When Rustyfile approach'd, and found 155 

The Bear confin'd in wooden pound, 
He to his neighbors ran about, 
And in a hurry he call'd out : 
" A Bear, my Lads, sits in my yard 
Entrapt ; come, let us tan his sward." 1 60 

They readily obey'd his call, 
Took up their arms, and join'd him all. 
One seiz'd a prong, the next a stake, 
The third a flail, the fourth a rake. 
The parish-clerk and sexton too . 1 65 

Came out, and join'd the war-like Crew. 
E'en black-eyed Moll, the Curate's maid 
(Who the best marrow-puddings made), 
Snatch'd up her distaff, and away 
She ran in haste, to join the fray. 170 

When Brown their mighty pother heard, 
He certain death most sadly fear'd, 
And mad with anguish and with pain, 
One vig'rous pull he tried again, 
And at the cost of ears and claws 175 

His head he rescued and his paws ; 
But found by loss of blood and skin, 
He came not out, as he got in. 



80773 



88 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT I. 

His head did ache, his paws were sore, 

And his face all bedaub'd with gore. 180 

In short, the honey, which he got, 

Was far from being sweet, I wot. 

Rustyfile in the front attack'd him 
And many valiant Warriors back'd him ; 
The Blacksmith, arm'd with iron crow, 185 

Dealt out to him a heavy blow ; 
The villagers, with clubs and prongs, 
Their wives with broomsticks, rakes and tongs, 
The Curate too, with poker heavy, 
Came forth, and join'd the general levy ; 190 

But most of all a man of high 
Descent and rank, hight Cucklerigh, 
Did gall him much ; he was well known 
To fight best, when he was alone. 
Trulla, a lady of known fame, 195 

His mother was ; his father's name 
We can not tell, but people prate 
Of th' ostler at the Bull and Gate. 
The Women too fell on his rear, 
Nor means to save him did appear, 200 

When, lo ! an awkward, clumsy clown 
Struck but too wide, to bring him down. 

This blow so luckily escap'd, 
He straight among the Women leapt, 
And such a dreadful rout he .made, 205 

That four of them, and Curate's maid 



CASTO n.] THE FIRST SUMMONS. 39 

Headlong into the river fell, 
And piteously for help did yell. 

The frighten'd priest began to bawl : 
" Good folks, pray save my housemaid Moll ; 210 
Two Casks of Ale I promise you, 
And twenty years indulgence too. 
Make haste, help, help, she's going down. " 

On this the Crowd abandon'd Brown, 
To save the Women, whom all five 215 

They brought on shore again alive. 

Whilst thus he saw all hands employ'd, 
A fit occasion Brown espy'd, 
To get off to the river's brim. 
He little thought, that he could swim ; 220 

But to escape more dreadful slaughter, 
A gentler death he sought in water. 
But better luck him there befell ; 
He found, he could swim pretty well. 

When this the busy Crowd perceiv'd, 225 

They fretted, and were sorely griev'd. 
" It is (they cried) the greatest shame, 
That without hurt away he came. 
'T is all these meddling Women's fault, 
Who wantonly would wage th' assault." 230 

But when they found, that in the cleft 
His ~ear and claws the Bear had left, 
They call'd out : " Earless thief, come here, 
You left in pawn your gloves and ear. " 



40 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT I. 

Brown, with the damage and the scoff, 235 

Meantime was eager to get off, 
He curs'd the tree, which took him in, 
And robb'd him of his claws and skin ; 
Fell Reynard too, his foul betrayer, 
II' included in his morning-prayer. 240 

He with the current for a while 
Dropt down the river, near a mile, 
And on the further bank, with pain 
And toil, he limp'd on shore again, 
Where he with heavy sigh and groan 245 

His sad dry-basting did bemoan. 

When Reynard him by subtle thought 
Had to the Honey-market brought, 
He to a hen-roost took his way, 
And carried a fat fowl away, 250 

With which he to the river bent 
His course, and while along he went, 
He said : " It was a lucky thought, 
That I this huffing braggard brought 
To Rustyfile's. I'm sure, he will 255 

Salute him with his sharp-edg'd bill. 
He was my foeman ; but at last 
He lies for it in durance fast. 
He went for honey ; but ere now 
The Axe has done for him, I trow. " 260 

Thus musing, he was walking down 
Along the river-side, where Brown 



CAMTO II.] THE FIUST SUMMONS. 41 

Lay coucb'd. The unexpected sight 
Of him did not give him delight. 

" Oh Rustyfile, thou silly tool, 265 

(Thought he), thou art a mere Tom -fool. 
Didst thou not care for such nice meat, 
Which Dukes and Lords would wish to eat, 
When straight into thy mouth it ran ? 
Thou arrant dolt and simpleton ! " 270 

So Reynard thought ; but when he saw 
That Brown was lacking ear and claw, 
It pleas'd him well, and with a sneer 
He ask'd : " Pray friend, how came you here ? 
If you 've left something with your host, 275 

I straight away to him shall post, 
And tell him, where with you to meet. 
Pray, did you find his honey sweet ? 
And did you handsomely pay for it? . 
But where have you bedaub'd your forehead ? 280 
What doth the purple bonnet mean ? 
Are you an Abbot, or a Dean ? 
The bungler, who hath shav'd your crown, 
Was surely a most clumsy clown ; 
For down your cheeks the red drops trickle. 286 
Faith you are in the strangest pickle. " 

Brown could no longer bear, to hear 
The railing rogue's provoking sneer, 
Nor could he speak a word, for pain, 
Much less return the jeer again. 290 



42 REYNARD THE FOX. fPABT I. 

He therefore, rather than to stay, 

Resolv'd to take himself away, 

And trusting to the wave once more, 

He swam across to th' other shore. 

There, being out of breath, and spent, 295 

His grief and sorrow he did vent : 

" I could not, for the life of me, 

Stir from this place an inch, (thought he) ; 

And yet I must jog on to Court, 

Where my mischance will be the sport 300 

Of every bant'ring ragamuffin, 

Who will be rallying me and huffing. 

That Caitiff too, who did betray me, 

Seem'd sorry, that they did not slay me. " 

So saying, he did limp away, 305 

And came to Court in great dismay. 

When Noble saw the crippled Bear 
In such a dismal plight appear, 
He said : "For heaven's sake, is this Brown ? 
What makes him look so much cast down ? " 310 

" Cast down, indeed ! (quoth Brown), You see. 
Reynard, that traitor, cheated me ; 
Most basely have I been betray'd." 

Quoth Noble : " Never be it said, 
That such a man, as you, was shent, 315 

Without severest punishment. 
No, by this sceptre, which I bear, 
And by my royal crown I swear, 



CASTO II.] THE FIRST SUMMONS. 48 

All damages the wretch shall pay 

As high, as ever you them lay ; 320 

Aud if I don't make good my word, 

My spurs I'll forfeit and my sword." 

This said, his Council he did call, 
Enjoining strictly to them all, 
To try the Fox for this offence, 325 

Which seem'd to admit of no defence. 

They all agreed, the best would be, 
(Not to neglect formality), 
To summon him once more t'appear, 
And that Gib should the message bear. 330 

The King gave his assent to it ; 
For Gib did not want sense and wit. 

This measure being fix'd upon, 
Gib was call'd into Court anon. 

" Mind (quoth King Noble) what we say, 335 
And to the Fox go straight away. 
Tefl him, this is the second summons, 
Sent by Us, and our Lords and Commons, 
Which, if he slights, We'll make him smart, 
In spite of his malicious art. 340 

On You We fix'd, because we knew 
That he hath some regard for you." 

Quoth Gib : " What purpose can it answer, 
To send me to that crafty man, Sir ? 
I must obey, but still, to send 345 

Some abler man, I'd recommend. 



44 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT I. 

You see, of person I'm but small : 

If Brown, who is so stout and tall, 

Could nor respect, nor favour gain, 

Pray, what can / from him obtain?" 350 

Quoth Noble : " ' T is not by their size, 
That numsculls differ from the Wise ; 
For oft a dwarf is found as clever, 
As any Giant, whosoever. 

And though you are not strong, nor tall, 355 

Your good sense is allow'd by All." 

"My Liege, (quoth Gib), your will be done! 
If I -discover, when I'm gone, 
Some token on my right-hand side, 
Good luck my journey may betide." 360 



CANTO in. THE SECOND SUMMONS. 



ARGUMENT. 

foor Gib into a trap is cheated, 
And by the Curate rudely treated. 
An Eye he loses in the fray. 
The King is wroth. The badger Gray, 
To calm his anger, service proffers, 
And to fetch Reynard, boldly offers. 
Reynard sets out, and by the way 
Confesses all his sins to Gray. 

GIB sallied forth, and in a grove 
He chanc'd to meet a cooing dove. 
" All hail! (quoth he), pray, take your flight, 
My gentle bird, here to my right." 
The dove .took wing, alas ! but she 5 

Perch'd on his left upon a tree. 
Poor Gib for fear began to quake, 
As if -his life was at the stake ; 
But soon recov'ring from his fright, 
To Malpertouse he came at night, 10 

[45] 



46 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT I. 

And putting on his fairest face, 

He said : " The King, out of his Grace, 

Greets you a second time, my friend ; 

But you must straight-ways condescend, 

Unto his palace to repair ; 15 

Else he doth solemnly declare 

That you shall die, and all your race 

Shall suffer pain, and dire disgrace." 

Quoth Reynard : " Welcome, friend ! I burn 
With Zeal, your. Kindness to return." 20 

The rogue was thinking in his heart 
How he could act his knavish part, 
And give to Gib the same sad fare, 
With which he had regal'd the bear. 
Smiling he ask'd : " What kind of meat 25 

Would you for supper like to eat ? 
It is full late, me thinks, to start ; 
But in the morning we'll depart. 
On you with confidence I rest, 
In such a friend supremely blest. 30 

That braggart Brown came here in vain ; 
For he talk'd in a blust'ring strain, 
And 't was impossible to go 
With such a bully, sir, you know ; 
But with you at first dawn of day 35 

I readily will go away." 

Gib answer'd : " No, I dare not waste 
Much time, let us set out in haste ; 



CANTO HI.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 47 

'T is moonlight, and my great delight 

Is walking in the cool of night." 40 

" To walk so late at night (quoth he) 
Too dangerous for us would be. 
The man, who civilly would greet us * 
If he by day should chance to meet us, 
Would give us quite a different treat, 45 

Were we at midnight him to meet. ' 

Well then, (said Gib,) if I must stay, 
What shall we have for supper, pray ? " 

Quoth Reynard : " We can't offer much, 
A poor man's fare, you know, is such 50 

As he can get. We could contrive 
To get some honey, fresh from th' hive : 
I'm sure, you'll find it good and sweet." 

" Honey (said Gib) I never eat. 
What else have you in your house ? 55 

If you could give me a fat mouse, 
I should best like it for my fare ; 
But for your honey I don't care." 

" Are you in earnest, friend ? (quoth he.) 
'T will be an easy thing for me, 60 

To show a place, where in a trice 
You'll get a belly-full of mice. 
Our Curate sorely doth complain, 
That they destroy all his grain. 
He lives just by ; I'll show the way." 65 

" Then let 's make haste, and go, I pray, 



48 REYNARD THK FOX. [PART I. 

(Quoth Gib) ; no venison more nice 
For me, was ever found, than mice." 

Quoth Reynard : " If such is your will, 
Of mice you soon shall get your fill ; 70 

Come, let us go without delay." 

Poor silly Gib was glad t' obey. 
On mice his appetite was bent, 
And to the Curate's barn they went. 

Reynard had lately broke a hole 75 

Into the Curate's roost, and stole 
His finest Cock. Young Robinet, 
The Curate's son, a snare had set, 
To catch the wily thief; but he 
Had smelt a rat. " Come, Gib, you see 80 

This hole (he said) ; whilst you creep through, 
I shall here keep strict watch for you, 
And ere your sport is fairly ended, 
You'll find how much you've been befriended." 

Quoth Gib : " Is there no danger near ? 85 

I feel a strange degree of fear, 
These priests are deep ones, Sir, you know." 

" Why, then (said Reynard) let us go ; 
For if you are so very shy, 

Our wants at home we can supply. 90 

We shall find something in my house, 
Though not, perhaps, a nice fat mouse." 

Gib, being half abash'd, to hear 
The railing rogue's malicious sneer, 



CANTO TIT.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 49 

Headlong he leapt into the snare. 95 

(So Reynard's guests did always fare.) 

When Gib perceiv'd that he was taken, 
His courage terribly was shaken. 
He pull'd and tore, and took much pain 
To break the string, but all in vain ; 100 

The more he labor'd, to get loose, 
The tighter he but drew the noose. 
Most piteously he mew'd with fear; 
Which Rankey was rejoic'd to hear. 
He ask'd him : " How d'ye like the mice, 105 

Good Cousin ? Are they fat and nice ? 
If this the priest knew, or his son, 
That you feast on their venison, 
Some pepper they would surely bring. 
Is this your way at Court, to sing 110 

At supper ? Then, upon my soul ! 
I should be glad, if in this hole 
I saw the Wolf clapt up with thee, 
For all the harm, he did to me." 

This said, in haste he ran away, 115 

His wonted knavish tricks to play. 
To Surly's den he did intend, 
For wicked ends his course to bend. 
From her he wanted to pump out 
What Growler had complain'd about ; 1 20 

Her old affection too he would 
Avail himself of, if he could. 
4 



50 REYNARD THE FOX. IP ART I. 

But when he to the place was come, 

He only found her Whelps at home. 

" Tell Surly, (said he with a jeer), 125 

Your daddy Reynard hath been here." 

Surly at dawn of day return'd, 
When Reynard scarce his back had turn'd. 
She ask'd : " Did any body call ? " 
Her brats said : " Nobody at all, 130 

But Gaffer Reynard, who would tell 
He was our Dad." " The dev'l in hell ! 
(Said she) ; woe shall the wretch betide, 
I'll run, and tan the rascal's hide." 
With furious ire and rage she ranted; 135 

She knew the ways, which Reynard haunted, 
And coming up with him, she said : 
" You wretch, how durst you to upbraid 
A mother in her children's face, 
By utt'ring of her things so base ? " 140 

Whilst this she said, with visage grim 
She in a fury flew at him. 
He ran away in hasty flight ; 
She follow'd him with all her miht, 
Till they came to a ruin'd castle. 145 

There, in a wall of th' ancient bastil 
Reynard a crevice did espy, 
Through which he slipt. Surly did try 
To follow him ; but being tall 
And fat, she stuck fast in the wall, 150 



CANTO HI.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 51 

And could not, though she took much pain, 
Push forward, or get back again, 
And ere she disengag'd her head, 
The daring ravisher was fled. 

We leave him for a while, to tell 155 

What in the mean time Gib befell : 
When he was caught (as we have said), 
And piteously call'd out for aid, 
Out of his bed leapt Robinet, 
The youngster, who the snare had set. 160 

He all the servants in the house 
With joyful clamor went to rouse, 
And striking fire, he made a pother, 
To wake his father and his mother. 
" Get up, the thief is caught (he said), 165 

. And for our Cock we'll now be paid." 

In haste they got up, great and small, 
And round the Lad they gather'd all : 
The Priest himself from couch of Molly, 
His trusty housemaid, forth did sally, 1 70 

Put on his night-gown, and amain 
He headed all the war-like train. 
Robin with pikestaff led the van, 
And to belabour Gib began ; 

The housemaid with her distaff gall'd him ; 175 
The fest with diff'rent weapons maul'd him ; 
The Curate too him rashly ply'd, 
And with his poker him annoy'd 



52 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT I. 

Till he almost beat out his eye. 

When Gib saw, he was doom'd to die, 180 

He in a rage flew at the Priest, 
And getting in between his twist, 
He bit and tore, and tugg'd and scratch'd, 
And at his very vitals snatch'd. 
The Priest set up a horrid yell, 185 

And down in a deep swoon he fell. 
The housemaid loud began to roar, 
And with a solemn Oath she swore, 
She would have giv'n her best cap, 
To have prevented this foul hap. 190 

With doleful waitings they all led 
The wounded Curate to his bed. 
Gib watch'd this lucky circumstance, 
Which offer'd for his life a chance, 
And though his hide was sadly taw'd, 195 

With tooth and nail he bit and claw'd, 
Until he cut the string in twain. 
He was glad to come off again, 
And, creeping through the crevice : " Marry ! 
(Thought he), 't is dang'rous here to tarry." 200 
Without congee he went away, 
And to the Court he bent his way. 

When he appear'd half blind and maim'd, 
The King in a great rage exclaim'd ; 
" We'll punish that atrocious traitor, 205 

And every aider and abettor." 



CANTO m.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 53 

A Crowd of new Complainants came, 
His wrath and anger to inflame ; 
But Gray got up, and said : " My Lords, 
We've had enough here of high words; 210 

But Reynard must not be debarr'd 
Of his due right of being heard. 
You know, the law is very nice ; 
A Freeman should be summon'd thrice. 
If Reynard doth not then appear, 215 

He is outlaw'd ; the case is clear." 

Quoth Noble : " Pray, where will you find 
A person in his sober mind, 
Who'll venture on so vile an errand, 
And carry to this rogue our warrant ? " 220 

Quoth Gray: " Sir, I myself am here, 
All ready to go without fear." 
"'T is well, (quoth Noble), you may go. 
The matters of complaint you know ; 
But have a care how you behave 225 

In dealing with the crafty knave." 

" It is (said Gray) a nice affair ; 
But of success I don't despair." 

Proceeding straight to Rankey's house 
He found him sitting with his spouse 230 

And children. After civil greeting, 
And courteous talk at their first meeting, 
Quoth Gray : " My friend, your great renown 
For wit and conduct is well known. 



54 RETNAKD THE FOX. [PART I. 

I'm therefore much surpris'd to find 235 

How little you your int'rest mind. 

To summon you; our sov'reign Lord 

Already twice hath sent you word. 

While y'are charg'd with a heavy crime, 

Do not you think 't is highest time 240 

To come and plead your cause at Court, 

And thus to quell each bad report ? 

What can you gain by tarrying ? 

If you are besieg'd by the King, 

You know well, that you and your wife 246 

And children risk your goods and life ; 

But if in open Court you meet 

Your foes, you are of sly conceit, 

And know so well to make your words, 

That you will captivate the Lords. 250 

Your conduct is so sly and wary, 

That you'll confound your adversary ; 

I've seen you in the knottiest ca^es 

Defy your foes to show their faces." 255 

When Reynard had with much attention 
Weigh'd every word, which Gray did mention. 
Quoth he: "You 're right in what you say; 
I'll go with you at break of day. 
I hope, my services are not 

At Court yet totally forgot ; 2RO 

If I obtain an audience, 
The King will pardon my offence ; 



CASTO HI.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 55 

For oft, when with his num'rous set 

Of Privy-CounseHors he met, 

In cases critical and nice 265 

He always follow'd my advice ; 

For 't is allowed, in politics 

Nothing will serve, but Reynard's tricks. 

On that account the Courtiers all 

Endeavour to contrive my fall ; 270 

I know that there are more than ten 

Lords of great note and pow'rful men, 

Who wish to ruin me ; but still 

Proceed to Court with you, I will. 

I think it better to surrender, 275 

Than wait, till I'm condemn'd b'attainder, 

And bring my children and my wife 

In danger too of loss of life. 

To sue for peace, is better far, 

Than to wage an unequal war " 280 

Reynard at parting told his spouse : 
" Pray, mind our children and our house. 
Before all let me recommend, 
To little Rankey to attend ; 

The whiskers round his little snout 285 

Right prettily begin to sprout. 
There's Russet, too, a cunning boy, 
Whose antic tricks oft give me joy. 
No sort of kindness let them lack ; 
I'll thank you for't when I come back." 290 



56 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAST L 

So saying, Reynard did depart, 
And left her with a broken heart, 
Quite destitute and left alone, 
Her sad condition to bemoan. 

When he had walk'd about a mile, 295 

He said : " My friend, pray stop awhile. 
I'm seiz'd with fear and anxious sorrow, 
Lest I shall meet my death to-morrow, 
And many sins my mind oppress, 
Which I'm desirous to confess, 300 

And since no other Priest is near, 
I wish that you would shrive me here." 

" It is (said Gray) a pious thought ; 
But your confession goes for nought, 
Unless, determin'd to amend, 305 

You of your thieving make an end." 

Reynard replied : " I know this well ; 
Let me begin my sins to tell : 
Confaeor tibi, Domine Pater, 
Sum felo, nebulo, peccator 310 

" What brogue is this (quoth Gray) you speak in? 
It sounds to me like a pig's squeaking : 
Speak English with me, if you please, 
That I may understand with ease." 

"Well, I confess to you (quoth he) 315 

That many have been wrong'd by me. 
First, I induc'd my cousin Brown 
To go for honey to a Clown, 



CANTO m.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 57 

Who with a broken head did treat him, 

And almost to a jelly beat him. 320 

To Gib I promis'd a fat mouse, 
And show'd him to the Curate's house ; 
But being taken in a snare. 
They of an eye bereft him there. 

The Cock, too, hath the greatest reason 325 
To charge me with felonious treason. 
In spite of Dogs and Cloister-wall 
I kill'd his children almost all. 

Nay, e'en against the King and Queen 
A great offender I have been. 330 

Were I to tell you how much wrong 
I did to Growler, 't would be long. 
(I call him Cousin, Sir, but he 
Hath never been a-kin to me.) 
Some years ago, when I turn'd friar, 335 

He begg'd of me to tell our Prior 
He likewise wish'd t'increase our flock, 
And to put on a friar's frock, 
Which, as he thought, would suit him well. 
I sent the fool to toll the bell, 340 

And with delight he toll'd so loud, 
That he rais'd all the village-crowd, , 
Who thought the dev'l himself from hell 
Was" come, to toll their parish-bell ; 
And though he strove to let them know, 345 

That he was come to make his vow, 



58 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT I. 

They fell with cudgels on the sot, 

And nearly kill'd him on the spot. 

When he was to receive his tonsure, 

He begg'd me to become his sponsor ; 350 

I singed his noddle till the skin 

Did crack, and broil'd his brains within. 

A number of such tricks I play'd him ; 
For to a fish-pond once I led him, 
But there, instead of catching trout, 355 

He was serv'd with a cudgel-bout. 

Soon after this, he in a village 
The parson's larder meant to pillage, 
Which was well stor'd with butcher's meat. 
I promis'd him a dainty treat ; 360 

But my intent was to betray him, 
And make the country-people slay him. 
Through a small cranny in the wall 
I made him slip into the stall, 
Where, getting at a trough of meat, 365 

He so voraciously did eat, 
That he could not, though he would fain, 
Get through the cranny out again. 

The Curate in his parlor sat ; 
A roasted capon, nice and fat, 370 

Was plac'd before him, which to snatch 
From him th' occasion I did watch, 
And ran off with in a hurry. 
The priest, all in a rage and flurry, 



CANTO HI.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 59 

Got up as fast as he was able, 375 

And, oversetting chair and table, 

And drink and victuals on the floor, 

In haste he ran up to the door. 

To his domestics loud he call'd, 

And : " Stop the daring thief," he bawl'd, 380 

Who, whilst I sat, to eat my meal, 

My supper hath presum'd to steal." 

I ran off with my prey apace 
Till I came to the very place, 
Where Growler panted in his coop ; 385 

And there my booty I did drop. 
The Curate, stooping for the fowl 
PerceivM him, scowling like an Owl. 
" Look here, my trusty lads (he cried) : 
Another thief I have descried ; 390 

In troth, we should be made the scoff 
Of all the Shire, if he got off." 

In short, he set up such a rout, 
That all his villagers came out 
And charg'd the Wolf with blows severe. 395 

The Curate's bacon cost him dear, 
And were a limner to depict 
The scene, how he was taw'd and lick'd, 
Till he befoul'd himself with fright, 
It would afford a curious sight. 400 

But when their fury did subside, 
They flung the mangled wretch aside. 



60 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART I. 

I wonder how he could escape, 
And get alive out of the scrape. 

A twelvemonth since, he came to call 405 

And court my friendship after all, 
And his request he did express, 
To get him of young fowl a mess. 
I seiz'd th'occasion by the lock, 
And told him, that a fine young Cock 410 

And six hens on a roost I knew, 
(But not a word of this was true). 
'T was midnight when I led him on, 
And through a trap-door I anon 
To a high beam did show him up. 415 

When he was got up to the top, 
And found no fowl, he call'd to me : 
" Friend, not a feather do I see ; 
I fear that we have been betray'd." 

u No, get but farther on (I said) ; 420 

You know, that those, who want to gain, 
No labor ought to shun, nor pain ; 
Therefore let not your faith be shaken ; 
The foremost fowl I've long since taken." 

Whilst he crept on, I did slide back, 425 

And dropp'd the trap-door with a clack. 
Growler was frightened with the sound, 
And down he tumbled to the ground. 
The servants, who slept in the hall, 
Were waken'd by the sudden fall ; 430 



CANTO III.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 61 

They ran together in a flurry, 

And lighting candles in a hurry, 

They came to see, what was the matter, 

And what had caused the noise and clatter ; 

And you may judge, that many a wound 435 

And bruise he got, when he was found. 

On Surly likewise, his fair Dame, 
Great scandal I have brought, and shame, 
Which to redress, I fear, she will 
Find it full hard and difficile. 440 

Of all these misdeeds I repent 
With feelings truly penitent, 
And will do penance with contrition, 
If you'll absolve me from perdition." 

Gray from a willow cut a wand, 445 

And gave it into Rankey's hand. 
" Take this, and dropping on your knee, 
Strike yourself with it thrice (quoth he) ; 
Then laying on the ground the rod, 
Across it skip three times unshod, 450 

And kiss the rod with resignation, 
To witness your humiliation. 
This done, your conscience stands acquitted 
Of all the sins you have committed." 

When Reynard had his penance done, 455 

Gray" thus exhorted him anon : 
" Take care in all your future days, 
To leave your former wicked ways. 



62 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT I. 

Hear mass, keep fast and holiday ; 

Bring those to right, who go astray ; 460 

Be kind to all the sick and poor, 

And you'll get in at heaven's door." 

" I shall (quoth Reynard) night and day 
Look to my conduct, as you say." 

This bus'ness being brought about, 465 

Again together they set out. 
At some small distance from their way 
A Convent of fair virgins lay. 
These pious sisters pray'd and sung 
All day, and eke the night along, 470 

To save their souls ; but to sustain 
Their bodies too, did not disdain. 
Cock, hen and turkey, goose and rabbit 
With them the cloister did inhabit, 
Which crafty Reynard knew full well, 475 

Who, therefore, to his friend did tell, 
That passing by the Cloister-wall 
'Was not out of their way at all. 
The cunning rogue the poultry ey'd, 
And a fat capon he espied, 480 

On whom he suddenly did rush, 
And all his feathers made to flush. 

Gray said to him with angry flout : 
" You sinner, what are you about ? 
When, after making your confession, 485 

To mend your life you made profession, 



CANTO HI.] THE SECOND SUMMONS. 63 

Is 't meet, that for a paltry fowl 
You risk again to damn your soul ? " 

" It was a sad mistake (said he) 
From an old habit. Pardon me, 490 

And henceforth I shall evermore 
Be careful, to do so no more." 

Into the road again they struck ; 
But Reynard could not help, to look 
On the fine fowl with wistful eye, 495 

As long, as he could them descry ; 
Nay, if one had cut off his head, 
It to the poultry would have fled. 

Gray, who observ'd his greedy yearning, 
Exclaim'd by way of past'ral warning : 500 

"What means this eager, craving look?" 

"My meaning, Sir, you much mistook; 
And thus to interrupt (said Reynard) 
My pious thoughts, good sir, is main hard. 
Just now I for the souls was praying 505 

Of all the fowl I have been slaying, 
And of those Geese which I way-laid, 
When from the Cloister-yard they stray'd." 

Gray said no more ; but on the fowl 
Reynard continued still to scowl; 510 

Although he fear'd his journey's end 
Would not much good to him portend. 



PART II. 
CANTO L THE TRIAL. 



ARGUMENT. 

Reynard his enemies confutes, 

And all their arguments refutes. ' 

At last, however, he's convicted, 

And death, of course, to be inflicted. 

Leave for to shrive him, being got, 

He throws out hints about a plot; 

Of which full notice to receive, 

King Noble grants him a reprieve. 

WHEN fame had spread the report, 
That Reynard was arriv'd at Court, 
All folks, to see him, flock'd together. 
And Great and Small did round him gather. 
Crowds of accusers he did find, 5 

But did not seem them much to mind ; 
For with his nephew he walk'd on 
As proudly as a Nabob's son, 
And without showing marks of fear, 
"When in the Court he did appear. 1C 

[64] 



CANTO I.] THE TRIAL. 65 

Among the Lords he took his place, 
And, putting on a better face, 
Than his bad conscience would befit, 
He thus began the case to split : 

" My Liege (he said), a more observant, 15 
Faithful, and trusty humble servant 
You have not in the world than me ; 
And although some folks there may be, 
Who of your favor would bereave me, 
You are too wise not to believe me, 20 

That all they said behind my back, 
Was nought but sheer malicious clack. 
They hate me, Sir, for being true 
And faithfully attach'd to you." 

u Avaunt with your vile flattery ! 25 

(Quoth Noble), 't will not do with me. 
How you have kept my, peace we know, 
And you shall pay for it, I vow. 
There 's Chanticleer, whom you bereft 
Of all his children by your theft. 30 

You say you love me ? 'T is a lie ; 
To hurt me' you would rather try, 
Which by your late exploits appears ; 
Gib lost an eye, and Brown his ears, 
I'll not waste time now, to harangue you ; 35 

We shall have proof enough to hang you." 

Am I (quoth Reynard J to be blam'd, 
Because Brown hath been bruis'd and maim'd ? 
5 



06 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

Who bade the glutton, without money, 

To go to Rustyfile's for honey ? . 40 

Why did he suffer him to maul 

His limbs?' Is he not stout and tall? 

And could he not defend his hide 

Ere he skulk'd to the river-side ? 

Gib, too, was by me well receiv'd ; 4f> 

If my advice he had believ'd, 
He would not for a paltry mouse 
Have ventur'd to the Curate's house. 
If for his gluttony he paid, 

The fault should not to me be laid. 50 

I know, sir, you can punish me, 
However guiltless I may be, 
For you have pow'r and I am weak ; 
But (if so boldly I may speak) 
You would not, by inflicting pain 55 

On th' Innocent, much honor gain. 
Let my accusers now appear ; 
To answer them I'm ready here." 

Simple, the Ram, Clerk of the hall, 
For the complainants now did call. 60 

In came Sir Growler, Brown the bear, 
The wild cat Gib, and Puss the hare ; 
The Ox, the Goat, and all their kin. 
Beau Frisky too came wheedling in. 
From woods and forests Stag and Deer, 65 

Martin and Rabbit did appear. 



CAHTO I.] THE TRIAL. 67 

* 

E'en feather'd folk's made no delay, 

The Goose, the Duck, the Rook, and Jay, 

While Chanticleer, before them all, 

For vengeance loud began to call. 70 

Great was the noise and great the pother ; 
One would be heard before the other, 
All striving to be first that day 
To take fell Reynard's life away. 
Much able pleading one might hear 75 

From birds and beasts and fallow-deer ; 
But Reynard in his turn no less, 
By cross-exam'ning witnesses, 
By artful speech, by nice exception, 
And many other sly conceptions, 80 

To the surprise of all the Court, 
Did on his enemies retort. 

He had well nigh with his comments 
Confuted, all their arguments, 
When, lo ! a witness did appear, 85 

Who made at once the case so clear, 
That he left Reynard no defence. 
On summing up the evidence, 
Forthwith the Jury with one breath 
Brought in their verdict : Guilty, death. 90 

The Judge then, with a solemn face, 
Pronounc'd the sentence : " With disgrace, 
You, Reynard, to the gallows led, 
Shall hang, till you are dead, dead, dead." 



68 REYNARD THE VOX. [PART IT. 

I 

Now his proud heart began to fail him, 95 

And cunning speech did not avail him : 
For Noble sign'd the sentence straight, 
And certain death did him await. 

The news of Reynard's condemnation 
Fill'd every Kinsman and relation 100 

(Whose number at the Court was great) 
With grief and sorrow for his fate. 
The monkey Pug, the Badger Gray 
(Great Law- and Church- men till that day) 
And others, could not help to fret, 105 

That Reynard, a Knight-banneret, 
Should be doom'd, by the hangman's noose 
His honor and his life to lose ; 
They took his case so much to heart; 
That from the Court they did depart. 1 ! 

To find that many a valiaut Squire 
And trusty Yeoman did retire, 
Caus'd to King Noble much regret ; 
He told his Courtiers in a pet : 
" Though Reynard is a rogue ; 't is true, 115 

That his friends still deserve their due ; 
A set of able hands they are, 
Whom we in Council ill can spare." 

Meantime the Wolf and his relations 
To hang the Fox made preparations, 120 

Quoth Gib to Growler : " Well you may 
Your thirst for vengeance now allay. 



CANTO I.] THE TRIAL. 69 

Remember how he did with joy 

Assist, your brethren to destroy, 

When those, who hang'd them, he did join; 125 

Pay him now in his own false coin. 

You too, friend Brown, were made to smart, 

When brought by him to th'horiey-mart. 

Take your revenge now, while you may, 

And do ndt let him steal away." 130 

Quoth Growler : " Without loitering 
Get me a rope, and he shall swing." 

Reynard said nothing, while they spoke. 
At last his silence thus he broke : 
" You all are mighty fond of words. 135 

Instead of talking about cords, 
If you thirst for revenge, depend on't 
The best way is, to make an end on't. 
Gib, I am sure, hath not forgot 
Where a good rope is to be got, 140 

If he'll think of the Curate's barn. 
You, Brown and Growler, think you'll earn 
Much honor and great consolation 
By bringing shame on your relation." 

The King and Queen with all their train 145 
Meanwhile appear'd upon the plain, 
Where gaping crowds were met, to see 
His Exit on the fatal tree. 

Growler bade all his Friends stand fast, 
And watch the culprit to the last. 150 



70 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART U. 

\ 

He therefore call'd out to his wife : 
" Hold him fast, if you love your life ; 
For if the rogue could get away, 
He'd ruin all of us one day." 
To Brown he did enjoin the same, 155 

While Gib, who with a ladder came, 
Climb'd in a trice up to the top, 
With rope in hand, to tuck him up. 
When Brown and Surly held him fast, 
Reynard saw, he must breathe his last ; 1 60 

But he could not forbear to scoff. 
He said : " You never will leave off 
Helping to death your near relation, 
Though you should have commiseration, 
And not bring me into disgrace. 165 

Nay, I could almost ask for grace ; 
But Growler hates me to the last. 
He bids his wife, to hold me' fast, 
Who, if old friendship she would mind. 
Would surely be to me more kind. 170 

But since with me 't is so far gone, 
I wish, the whole affair was done. 
My father died a violent death ; 
But in a trice he spent his breath, 
And had not such a copious train, 175 

To view his agony and pain. 
Make haste, and let me take the swing ; 
Shame on you for your loitering ! " 



CANTO I.] THE TRIAL. 71 

" Hear, how the caitiff rails, (quoth Brown). 
We'll take the daring huffer down." 1 180 

Reynard, howe'er, thought in his mind : 
" I'll not despair, some means to find, 
From an untimely death t'escape, 
And bring my foes into the scrape. 
The King ('t is true) is not my friend ; 185 

And many, whom I did offend, 
Are wishing for my death ; but still, 
Be they as clever, as they will, 
I shall contrive to overreach 

Them all, by dint of subtle speech, 190 

And if a hearing I can gain, 
My pardon I hope to obtain." 
Much grief and sorrow he express'd, 
And thus the gaping crowd address'd : 
u Having the Lord's commands contemn'd, 195 
To death I justly am condemn'd. 
I meet my death with heart contrite, 
And wish but for a short respite, 
That I my conscience may appease, 
Confess my sins, and die with ease, 200 

Because such misdeeds I committed, 
That, if to tell them I omitted, 
The Innocent in future times 
Might chance to suffer for my crimes. 
For this last mercy at death's door 205 

I wish you would the King implore." 



72 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAST II. 

Those, who his canting speech did hear 
To pity him could not forbear, . 

And thinking it a trifling thing, 
They interceded with the King, 210 

Who their request benignly granted. 

Reynard, obtaining what he wanted, 
His spirits quickly rose again 
And speaking in his whining strain, 

" Spirit us Domini be with me ! 21 a 

(He said) ; for those, whom here I see, 
Both poor and rich, both great and small, 
Too frequently I've injured all. 
Since I was wean'd from mother's breast, 
The craft of thieving I profess'd. 220 

With lambs and Kids I used to play, 
Because I found their bleats so gay ; 
But when their blood I once had lapt, 
I often at their throats have snapt, 
And growing by degrees more daring, 22") 

Nor fowl, nor beast have I been sparing ; 
Nay frequently I did kill more, 
Than I was able to devour. 

Growler likewise, in course of time, 
Inur'd me in the art sublime 230 

Of wholesale-theft and robbery. 
W 7 e were together constantly ; 
He stole the great, and I the small, 
And we were to go snacks in all ; 



CANTO I.] THE TRIAL. 73 

But when he caught a Calf, or Kid, 235 

Or something else, as nice and tid, 

I seldom got my share from him ; 

For straight at me with visage grim 

He snarl'd and frighten'd me away, 

And to himself he kept his prey, 240 

Nay, when a bullock, or a horse 

We chanc'd to kill, it was still worse ; 

For then his wife and children came, 

Who each of them a share did claim, 

And I was left to vex and fret, 245 

Ere I a bone from them could get. 

A lucky thing it was indeed, 
That I stood not of them in need, 
Because the treasure I possess, 
From want secur'd me and distress. 250 

" What treasure (ask'd the King) was this ? " 

" My Liege, I'll tell you what it is, 
(Quoth Reynard) ; for what treasure can 
Yield comfort to a dying man ? 
Ten wagons would not, I dare say, 255 

Suffice, to carry them away ; 
But howsoever great they be, 
I can not take them now with me. 
I stole these treasures with my wife ; 
By stealing them, we sav'd your life ; 260 

For this great hoard was made by those, 
Who would against your life have rose, 



74 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART H. 

Now you are safe, while I must smart, 
Because it broke my father's heart." 

The Queen was very much astonish'd, 265 

And earnestly she him admonish'd. 
" Reynard, (she said), I conjure you, 
In your confession to be true, 
And as you wish to save your soul, 
Minutely to declare the whole, 270 

Which on these matters can throw light." 

The King straight granted a respite ; 
For he wish'd very much, to learn 
How far these things him might concern. 

His matters now in better train, 275 

Reynard began to breathe again ; 
His foes were forc'd to let him loose 
From vile embrace of fatal noose. 
The King and Queen took him apart, 
And he made use of all his art, 280 

Their good opinion to regain, 
And get out of the scrape again. 
With matchless art his tale he told, 
And gave his foes the bag to hold. 

The Queen exhorted him again, 285 

All matters fully to explain. 

Quoth he : " I'm doom'd to die, you know. 
Why should I charge my conscience now 
With lies, and foul prevarication, 
And bring my soul into damnation ? 290 



CASTO I.] THE* TRIAL. 75 

I'm loth, to speak ill of my Kin ; 
But rather, than commit a sin 
And go with lie in mouth to hell, 
The truth, and all the truth I'll tell." 

" A thief and murd'rer (quoth the King) 295 
Will tell a lie, and take the swing." 

" Dread sov'reign, your reproach is hard 
For a poor dying man (said Reynard). 
That I've a sinner been before, 
I have great reason to deplore ; 300 

But being now condemn'd to die, 
What would it serve, to tell a lie ? " 

While thus with counterfeited fear 
He spoke, the Queen did interfere. 
" Grant him this mercy, for may be 305 

It will prevent mischief, (said she). 
Bid all the noisy crowd be still, 
And let him speak now what he will." 



CANTO II. THE PARDON. 



ARGUMENT. 

The crafty Fox can not refrain 
From fibs, his Kinsmen to arraign. 
Vast treasures he pretends to show 
At Quarrelpit and Hufferslow. 
When pardon'd he by dint of lies 
For leave to go to Rome applies. 
The King commends his resolution 
To go, and beg for absolution. 

AS soon as silence was obtain'd 
Much Grief and sorrow Reynard feign'd, 
That his own Kin he durst not spare, 
A shocking treason to declare ; 
Nor did the wicked rogue disdain, 5 

His father in the grave t'arraign ; 
Nay, his best friend, the badger Gray, 
Who took his part that very day, 
He did not scruple to accuse : 
For while his friends he did abuse, 10 

[76] 



CANTO II-l THE PARDON. 77 

To hurt his fetes, the wily thief 
The sooner hop'd to gain belief. 

He said : " My father heretofore 
A hidden treasure did explore, 
Which was left by a Saxon King, 15 

(I think 't was Edgar Atheling). > . 

When all at once he got such riches, 
His head was fill'd with proud caprices, 
And he assum'd a haughty air 
With all those, who about him were. 20 

By Gib he sent up word to Brown, 
Straight from the Highlands to come down, 
If Be wish'd to become our King. 
Brown, well pleased with his offering, 
Made as much haste, as e'er he could, 25 

To meet my father in a Wood. 
To Growler they sent word that day, 
And to our learned cousin Gray. 
Gib was the fifth, who join'd the set, 
And in the dark of night they met. 30 

There, at the devil's instigation 
They enter'd into conjuration. 
To murder You they all did swear 
And for their King to choose the bear." 
My father hinted his intent. 35 

To purchase votes in Parliament, 
And with his gold to silence those, ' 
Who might their trait'rous plan oppose. 



78 REYNARD THE POX. [PABT H. 

Some notice of their plot one day ', 

I got by chance. My nephew Gray, 40 

Too freely having drank his glass, 

Told his wife what would come to pass ; 

But bade her, as she lov'd her life, 

Not to tell .tales. But soon my wife 

Did pump her out, and told me all ; 45 

And by some tokens I withal 

Was soon convinc'd, it was too true, 

That plots were making against You. 

This did remind me of the Frogs, 

Who peaceably liv'd in their bogs ; 50 

But while they had a gentle King, 

They could not leave off murmuring, 

And praying Jove, to send them down 

A King, more worthy of the Crown. 

He sent the Stork, who much annoys them, 55 

And daily murders and destroys them. 

Now they complain, and sore repent; 

But Jove is deaf to their complaint. 

I was afraid, that after all 

No better lot would us befall ; 60 

And most for Your sake I did fret, 
Though little thanks I'm like to get. 
My Liege, I knew your gentle mood ; 
You are as pow'rful, as Y'are good ; 
On th'other hand I knew that Brown 65 

Was a proud, craving, blust'ring Clown ; 



CANTO H.] THE PARDON. / 9 

It therefore did occur to me, 

How ruinous such change would be, 

For 't is a cruel, cutting thing, 

When a proud Knave is made a King ; 70 

I therefore studied night and day, 

A counterplot for them to lay. 

Henceforth I ponder'd on a measure, 
To rob my father of his treasure, 
In order to prevent all strife, 75 

And save your crown and precious life. 
Wherever my old wicked Sire 
Did stroll about, through mud and mire, 
Through heat and frost, with all my might 
I at his heels was day and night. 80 

One day, spent with fatigue and sorrow, 
While I was laying in a burrow, 
I saw my father, who did creep 
Out of a cavern, dark and deep. - 

He look'd about with cautious fear, 85 

But did not see that I was near, 
When, thinking he was quite alone, 
The cleft he cover'd with a stone ; 
His footsteps too he did not fail 
To smoothe again with snout and tail. 90 

Old slyboots was no sooner gone, 
Than I did fall to work anon, 
Convinc'd that this must be the place, 
Where all his riches I should trace ; 



80 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

And sure, when I slipt in, I found 95 

Of pure gold many a thousand-pound. 

Not one here present is so old, 

As to have seen such heaps of gold 

And precious stones. I did not tarry 

For carts ; my wife help'd me to carry, 100 

Until the whole jof it we got 

In safety to a distant spot. 

My father to the Continent 
For mercenary troops was sent; 
For you must know, brave men were sold 105 
Like cattle, in those times, for gold. 
Whilst he went on this toilsome job, 
He little thought, that thieves would rob 
What of his bus'ness was the nerve ; 
But if he could have made it serve 1 10 

To ease him in his dying-stound, 
He not a farthing would have found. 

When, after trudging up and down 
From land to land, from town to town, 
Between the Weser and the Mayne, 115 

My father did return again 
And join'd the Leaders of the plot, 
He said : that soldiers he had got, 
But that much pain to him it cost, 
And sufFrings great from heat and frost, 120 

Whilst huntsmen with their yelping pack 
Had often made his sward to crack. 



CAWTO IT] THE PARDON. 81 

He show'd them letters, which he brought, 

With promises and offers fraught 

From Growler's friends, who would not fail 1 25 

To fight for him with tooth and nail, 

In concert with the cats and bears, 

Ready t'engage in his affairs, 

And to assist their Kinsman Brown ; 

If three months wages were paid down. 130 

(But you may thank your lucky star, 

That I their deep-laid plots did mar.) 

When all these matters were concerted, 
My father to his hoard reverted ; 
But what above, what under ground, 135 

The more he sought, the less he found. 
He fill'd Avith loud laments the air, 
And hang'd himself from mere despair. 

Thanks to my cunning, at one blow 
I all their schemes did overthrow ; 1 40 

Then pray, consider my disgrace ; 
Whilst Brown stands high in your good grace, 
And Growler too, and their abettors, 
Poor Reynard here stands bound in fetters. 
Sir, to give up my Sire, was hard, 145 

But harder, to get such reward." 

The King and Queen, who both to fish 
In troubled water much did wish, 
Took him aside, and he was bid 
To tell them where his gold was hid. 150 

6 



82 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

Quoth he : " What would it help me now, 
My treasures to the King to show, 
Who wants to hang me, and believes 
What traitors tell of me and thieves ? " 

" No, (said the Queen), pray, cease your care, 155 
I'm sure, the King your life will spare, 
And if you promise to be good, 
He will forgive, and change his mood, 
And will restore to you his Grace." 

"If this (said Reynard) be the case, 1GO 

That I my pardou shall obtain 
And win the King's good Grace again, 
With greater riches I shall store him, 
Than any King possess'd before him." 

" Do not believe him, (said the King), 165 

'T is nought, but wicked bantering, 
He is a lying, scoffing thief, 
Who never did deserve belief." 

" I grant, he hath been so before 
(Said she) ; but he will lie no more ; 1 70 

For when this plot he did reveal, 
His father's name he might conceal, 
As well as that of his friend Gray, 
If he had wish'd, the blame to lay 
On those alone, by whom he's hated." 175 

The King, whose anger was abated, 
Replied : " Although the case is nice, 
I will for once take your advice. 



CANTO H.] THE PARDON. 

His fine and trespass I'll forgive him, 

And on your word I will believe him. 180 

But on my Crown and life I swear, 

If he takes not the greatest care 

How he behaves in future times, 

He shall pay doubly for his crimes, 

And all his kin, as well as he, 185 

Shall suffer till the tenth degree." 

Reynard was highly glad, to find 
The King so soon had chang'd his mind. 
" I should act foolishly, My Lord, 
(Said he) if I but spoke one word, 190 

Which I could not by act and deed 
Make good, as soon as there is need." 

The King, who thought that he spoke true, 
Forgave him, and his father too ; 
And thus from a most dang'rous scrape 195 

He through his cunning did escape. 

" God save Your Majesty ! (said he). 
To serve You well, my aim shall be, 
As well as your most gracious Consort, 
Who hath procur'd me so much comfort ; 200 

And therefore none with greater pleasure 
I would invest with my vast treasure. 
You shall possess it as entire, 
As I have stole it from my Sire, 
And I will now, as I am bid, 205 

Tell you the place, where it is hid : 



84 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT II. 



JFarJnJhe North, Sir, please to know, 

A -desert lies, call'd Hufferslow. 

None but the Rook, the Owl and Jay 

Inhabit there. Nor beasts of prey, 210 

Nor human-kind, did ever trace 

The way to this wild, dreary place. 

A miry swamp, hight Quarrelpit, 

Is in the very midst of it. 

For further token please t' observe, 215 

(That from your path you may not swerve ; 

For to yourself I would advise 

To set out on this enterprise, 

And not to trust to messengers 

For managing such nice affairs.) 220 

Just after you pass Quarrelpit, 

A little to the left of it 

You will find two young lofty pines ; 

Beneath them I have sunk the mines, 

Where I my treasure hoarded up. 225 

There many a bracelet, ring and cup 

You'll find, as well as ^.th'ling's crown, 

Which was to have been worn by Brown, 

If he his wicked will had got, 

And I had not blown up his plot. 230 

You'll eke see many jewels there 

Of precious stones and Goldsmith's ware, 

Worth many thousand pounds to you. 

My Liege, when all these things you view, 



CAMTO D.] THE PARDON. 85 

They will rejoice your very heart. 2.'} 5 

" Reynard (you'll say), indeed thou art 
As shrewd and true, as Fox can be, 
Hoarding such treasures up for me." 

" Come with us then, and show the way, 
(Said Noble), and full well you may, 2-10 

Unless this story, with intent 
To trick and cheat us, you invent. 
We've read in our Geography 
Of Brentford, Staines and Coventry ; 
But Quarrelpit and Hufferslow 245 

Are names of which we nothing know." 

" My Liege (quoth Reynard), your surmise v 
Fills me, indeed, with much surprise. 
Think not, that to some outland place 
I'd send you on a wild-goose chase. 250 

No Sir, the spot is near at hand, 
Not far beyond Northumberland." 

ForTEwTth for Pussey Reynard call'd 
Who came all trembling and appall'd. 
" Nay, Puss (quoth he), you need not fear ; 255 
Our gracious King doth want you here. 
Confirm to him (what well you know), 
That Quarrelpit and Hufferslow 
Are situate in brakes and fens, 
About a hundred miles from hence." 260 

"Why, yes, (quoth Puss), for ought I know, 
Near Quarrelpit lies Hufferslow, 



86 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

Where humpback'd Simon with his Croney 
Liv'd in the woods, and coin'd base money. 
I oft was there in great distress, 265 

When hunger, frost and hounds did press 

" Enough ! (said Reynard) you may go ; 
The King wants nothing more to know." 

" 'T is well, (quoth Noble), be content ; 
A word in haste is not ill meant ; 270 

Then come away with us, and show 
The nearest way tq HufferslowT 7 ""^ 

I would (said Reynard) wish t'obey ; 
But for my sins I here must stay. 
You would not take with you a man, 275 

On whom the Pope pronounc'd his ban. 
Once, at the devil's instigation, 
Growler express'd an inclination 
To slip into a friar's gown ; 

But after they had shav'd his crown, 280 

The glutton was not satisfied 
When six lay-brothers him supplied 
With meat and drink ; but he again 
Of thirst and hunger would complain. 
I thought he was in great dismay, 285 

And help'd the wretch to run away. 
For this the Pope his ban inflicted, 
And to this hour I'm interdicted. 
With your permission I would now 
To Rome for pardon wish to go. 290 



CANTO II.] THE PARDON. 87 

From thence, if I your leave may crave, 

I'll wander to the holy grave, 

And plenary indulgence bring, 

Both for myself and for my King. 

Were I with you to go away, 295 

I'm sure, malicious tongues would say : 

" A fine companion for a King, 

This fox, who just escap'd the string, 

And who is interdicted too ! " 

No, no, my Liege, 't will never do." 300 

" If this (said Noble) is the case, 
It surely would be a disgrace, 
To take you with me, and I must 
Some other with this job intrust. 
I will not mar a good intent, 305 

And since to Rome your course is bent, k 
I hope your pilgrimage will mend you. 
Heav'ns blessing on the way attend you ! " ' 



CANTO in. THE RELAPSE. 



ARGUMENT. 

Reynard makes the wolves their shoes, 
And Brown part of his fur-coat lose. 
The Ram gives him his benison 
And puts the rogue his Knapsack on. 
He kills poor Puss, and with the Ram 
Sends to the King her head for sham. 
The guiltless Ram and all his kin 
Are made to pay for Rankey's sin. 

KING Noble, mounted on a stone, 
Which serv'd him for a royal Throne, 
Made every bird and beast around 
Perch on trees, or squat on the ground, 
Save Reynard, who with courtly grace 5 

Behind the Queen's seat took his place ; 
And with a voice distinct and loud 
He thus harangued the num'rous crowd : 
" Be't known to all assembled here, 
To Bird and Beast, to Fowl and Deer, 10 

[88] 



CASTO HI.] THE RELAPSE. 89 

To poor and rich, to great and small, 

And to our loyal subjects all, 

That by our sovereign pow'r and sway 

We our free pardon grant to-day 

To Reynard, whom the law did sentence 15 

To death ; but having show'd repentance, 

And faithfully disclos'd a thing 

Of great importance to his King, 

We, for the sake of this confession, 

And of our Consort's intercession, 20 

All punishment and fine forgive him, 

And at our Court again receive him. 

Besides, it is our royal will, 

That all of you respect him still, 

Himself, his children and his wife, 25 

And as you love your limbs and life, 

Let every one of you refrain, 

Of past offences to complain. 

He hath done wrong, but he'll repent. 

To go to Rome is his intent, 30 

And on his pilgrimage to-morrow 

He will set out with pious sorrow. 

From Rome he'll go, with staff in hand, 

A Palmer, to the holy land, 

And won't return to us again, 35 

Till full indulgence he obtain." 

Gib now cried out : " W are all forlorn 
I wish, I never had been born. 



90 REYNARD THE POX. [PAST H. 

If into favour he again 

Hath stole, the rogue with might and main 40 

Will strive to ruin us all three, 

Growler as well, as Brown and me. 

Of one eye he did last bereave me ; 

I fear, the other he won't leave me." 

Growler said : " Good advice is dear." 45 

" So 't is indeed, (said Brown) I fear." 

With Grief and terror much oppress'd 
These two the King and Queen address'd, 
And made of Reynard strange report. 

King Noble sternly cut them short, 50 

" Were not you plainly told by me, 
That I have pardon'd him ? " said he ; 
And forthwith, in an angry mind 
He order'd them to be confm'd ; 
For Reynard's slandrous information 55 

Had drawn on them his indignation. 

The rogue, perceiving that his art 
Serv'd him so well, pluck'd up a heart, 
And fell designs he plann'd 'amain, 
To give his enemies new pain. . 60 

" Most kind and gracious Queen (quoth he), 
Your pilgrim I shall shortly be ; 
But for my long and toilsome jaunt 
I shall of shoes be much in want ; 
A Knapsack too would be of use, 65 

All which I hope you'll not refuse. 



CANTO HI.] THE RELAPSE. 91 

To Growler, who sits now so warm, 

To lend his gloves can do no harm. 

His wife is not much wont to roam ; 

She without shoes can sit at home. 70 

Brown too could for a travelling-sack 

Spare me some leather from his back," 

" Of all those things you shan't be stinted 
(Said she) ; We'll get them, as you hinted, 
Although it were to cost the life 75 

Of Brown, and Growler and his wife." 

" Gramercy, you are very kind 
(Said he), and with a grateful jnind 
I shall bring home (as 't is your due) 
_JPalms and indulgences to you." v s 80 

Thus the false palmer made a shift, 
To lend his foes a deadly lift. 
Growler was forc'd, his gloves to lose, 
And Surly her best pair of shoes ; 
They were oblig'd to lend their paws, 85 

To have them stript of skin and claws. 
Poor Brown did no ways better fare, 
Whose back was of its fur laid bare, 
The wily traitor to provide 

With a tight Knapsack from his hide. 90 

You never saw more wretched creatures 

Rankey with pity-mocking features 
Did Surly in her dumps approach. 
" I hope, you'll think it no reproach 



92 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART n. 

(Quoth he), that I your shoes shall wear, 95 

A pledge, to me extremely dear, 

Although, forgetting old affection, 

You lately caus'd me much affliction. 

'T is true, I had some little share 

In thus arranging the affair; 100 

(For who, when fortune him enables, 

Would not turn on his foes the tables ?) 

But as I'm going now to Rome, 

Be sure, that on my coming home 

You shall be welcome to a share 105 

Of all the pardons I can spare." 

Surly, was laying in great pain 
And was scarce able to complain. 
At last with a deep sigh she said : 
" Oh, Reynard! One day you'll be paid 110 

For having now your wicked will." 

Growler and Brown did both lie still 
And chew'd the Cud in dumb despair, 
When Reynard with a jeering air 
Rail'd at them, as he went along, 115 

And let them feel his cutting tongue. 
If Gib had not in time sheer'd off, 
He likewise would have felt his scoff. 

Next morning at first dawn of day 
Reynard came forth in full array ; 1 20 

He greas'd his shoes, and put them on, 
And to the King he went anon. 



CAHTO m.J THE RELAPSE. 93 

" My Liege (he said), your servant now 

Is going to fulfil his vow ; 

But ere my journey*! begin, 125 

Pray, let your Chaplain be call'd in, 

That I, before I take my leave, 

His benison may first receive." 

The Ram, a Clerk of mighty merit, 
Well vers'd in matters of the spirit, 1 30 

Was Chaplain ; Simple was his name ; 
The King sent for him, and he came. 
" Here's Reynard (said the King) ; come, read 
Some prayers for him with due speed ; 
With staff and Knapsack, and the rest 135 

Of Palmer's garb him straight invest ; 
For on a journey he's to go." 

" My Liege, (quoth Simple) don't you know 
That Reynard hath been interdicted ? 
Hard punishment would be inflicted 140 

On me, if Bishop Surface knew 
That such a thing I dared to do. 
But if th'affair you so could manage, 
That I might come off without damage 
From him and Ruddyface, our Dean " 145 

" Pray, (said the King), what do you mean? 
D'ye think I care a whit for you, 
Or for your Bishop and his crew ? 
Read, or read not, as you think fit ; 
I do not care a straw for it. 150 



94 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAHT II. 

You hear, to Rome he goes away ; 
If you will hinder him, you may." 

Poor Simple with submissive look 
PulFd out in haste his prayer-book, 
And over Rankey read a lesson, 1 55 

Which he thought neither more, nor less on, 
Than if 't had been some tale, or song, 
(As we, perhaps, 'may see ere long). 

When he receiv'd his benison, 
And had his pilgrim's-dress put on, 160 

Reynard, with palmer-staff in hand, 
Feign'd to go to the holy land ; 
Though he had no more mind for it, 
Than for a jaunt to Quarrelpit. 
The cunning hypocrite did now 165 

His tears profusely cause to flow, 
As if his heart with pain was rent ; 
And though his mind was only bent 
On hurting all those, who were there, 
Just as he used the Wolf and Bear, 170 

He did intreat them much, to pray 
To heav'n for blessing on his way 
And for his safe return. This done, 
He was in great haste, to be gone ; 
For still his heart was in a flurry. 175 

" Reynard (said Noble), I am sorry ^ 
To see you go in such a haste." 
" No, Sir, I have no time to waste 



CANTO III.] THE RELAPSE. 05 

(Said he) ; a pious resolution 

Should straight be put in execution, 180 

And with your leave I shall depart." 

" I grant it you with all ray heart " 
Quoth Noble ; and his Courtiers all 
He call'd together, great and small, 
And earnestly did recommend them, 185 

Part of his journey to attend him. 

Reynard, ere his last leave he took, 
Said to the King : " My Liege, pray look 
To those two felons, whom you order'd 
To prison; lest by them y'are-murder'd. 190 

They are two dang'rous rogues, who would 
Contrive your ruin, if they could." 

Thus he departed from the Court, 
Attended by a great escort 

Of those, who curs'd him in their heart. 195 

He was right glad, that through his art 
He led the King, as well as those, 
Who were his haters, by the nose. 

When he was gone a little way, 
With feign'd reluctance and dismay 200 

He from th'escorting train took leave. 
For Pussey he seem'd much to grieve ; 
" Are we indeed (said he) to part, 
Dear Puss ? It wounds my very heart, 
To part with Simple and with thee, 2i>"> 

Who never gave offence to me. 



96 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

Come further on with me a while ; 

Your manners are so void of guile, 

You are so modest in your ways, 

That all folks speak of you with praise. 210 

Like me (when once a monk I was) 

You live on greens, and herbs and grass, 

And never care for fish, or meat, 

Or other victuals, nice to eat." 

With this gross flatt'ry he at once 215 

Prevail'd on both the simpletons, 
To travel with him to his house, 
And on they jogg'd to Malpertouse. ^ 

When they came to the castle-gate, 
Reynard said : " Pray, friend Simple, wait ; 220 
I for some minutes will step in 
With Puss, who is one of our Kin. 
Commend to her, if you'll be kind, 
To bid my wife to ease her mind ; 
For she is apt to take a fright, 225 

As at this juncture well she might, 
When I shall let her understand 
That I go to the holy land." 

Thus by fair words the cunning thief 
Gain'd with the silly ram belief; 230 

With Puss he went into his burrow, 
And found his wife oppress'd with sorrow. 
She never thought he would escape ; 
But seeing him in pilgrim's shape 



CANTO HI.] THE RELAPSE. 97 

She, what with wonder and surprise, 235 

Could hardly trust to her own eyes. 
" For heav'ns sake (cried she), Reynard, tell 
What strange adventures thee befell." 

" I have been sent to jail, (said he) ; 
But soon the King did set me free. 240 

Growler and Brown for me gave bail, 
On which I was let out of jail, 
And sent on a long pilgrimage. 
The King, our hardship to assuage, 
Kindly presents us with this hare, 245 

Whom he desires us, not to spare ; 
For this malicious, sneaking thing 
Has much belied me, says the King." 

Poor Pussey, struck with sad dismay 
On hearing this, would run away ; 250 

But Reynard, seiz'd her by her thigh. 
Puss call'd out with a piteous cry : 
"JJelp, friend, the pilgrim and his wife 
Take barb'rously away my life ! " 
But Reynard quell'd her voice and breath, 255 
And in a trice bit her to death. 

So he regal'd Iris silly guest. 
" Come (said he) and fall to in haste ; 
The hare is fat, and nice to eat, 
And will yield a delicious treat. 260 

She'll now no more complain of me." 
His wife and brats fell to with glee, 
7 



98 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

And Erminet did oft exclaim : 

' God bless the King and his fair Dame ! 

A happy night to them I wish, 265 

For sending us so nice a dish." 

When all of them had satisfied 
Their appetite, the she-fox cried : 
" Tell us now, how you got away." 

Quoth he : "I could not in a day 270 

Tell all the tricks, that I have been 
A playing to the King and Queen. 
"Our friendship is but thinly spun, 
And thinner 't will become anon, 
When soon or late the truth comes out. 275 

The King will make a furious rout, 
And at my heels he soon will be. 
I'm sure he will not pardon me ; 
But for a treach'rous, lying wight, 
He'll hang me, if he can, outright. 280 

To Switzerland, I think, I shall 
Hi-tire, where I'm not kmmn at ;tll : 
Lord bless me, what a fruitful soil ! 
There's milk and honey, wine and oil ; 
Fine wild-fowl, game of every kin3 285 

And fish of all sorts we shall find. 
Some of them they call Pullus, Gallus, 
Cotumix, Anser, ferdix, Rallus. 
At such I always lik'd to snatch, 
Because dry-shod you may them catch ; 290 



CANTO HI.] THE RELAPSE. 99 

They were my food, e'en during fast, 
When in the Convent I liv'd last. 
To that good country we'll resort, 
To live in peace, and t'have good sport. 

Besides, to tell thee every thing, 295 

I have been pardon'd by the King, 
Because I did make him believe 
That he a treasure should receive, 
Hid at a place, call'd Quarrelpit ; 
But little will he see of it. 300 

His wrath and fury will be great 
When he perceives the barefac'd cheat ; 
But I was fain to tell a lie, 
To escape the hangman's tie. 

Thanks to my wit, I got away; 305 

But I would not another day 
Try, his good grace again to gain, 
Which I might not so cheap obtain." 

Quoth Erminet : " 'T is hard, to go 
To foreign parts, which we don't know ; 310 

For while we can supply at home 
Our wants, we have no need to roam. 
A (Jhick in hand is worth much more, 
Than of Cranes flying half a score. 
Of danger there is no great fear, 315 

Whilst in bur Castle we live here. 
It is well fortified, and strong, 
And if besieg'd, 't will hold out long, 



100 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

And we have many a secret way, 

In case of need to get away. 320 

Therefore I'm sorry for your vow 

To go on pilgrimage just now." 

" Why now, (said Reynard), my good wife, 
I'll rather swear, than lose my life ; 
But if in bonds I made that vow, 325 

Since I am free, I'll break it now ; 
For learned Casuists will tell you, 
That a forc'd oath doth not compel you. 
No bus'ness at the holy grave, 
Nor with the Pope of Rome, I have ; 330 

Then ease your mind, for I will stay, 
And stand the brunt here, as you say. 
For may be, I should meet as bad 
And worse, were I to go abroad. 
To hurt me here, I think, the King 335 

Will not find it an easy thing ; 
If he hath pow'r, I don't want wit : 
We'll see who gets the worst of it." 

Meantime the Ram was tir'd, to wait 
And kick his heels at Reynard's gate. 340 

He call'd out : " Puss, where do you stay ? 
Come out, and let us go away." 

Reynard stept forth, and told him : " Friend, 
Puss doth herself to you commend, ' 
And as with us she's making merry, 345 

A little she would wish to tarry, 



CANTO III.] THE RELAPSE. 101 

And if you slowly will walk on, 
She says, she'll follow you anon." 

" Hum ! (said the Ram) ; but pray, what noise 
Was heard just now ? 'T was like the voice 350 
Of Puss, who cried most piteously, 
And for assistance call'd to me." 

" No, (said the rogue), 't was no such thing. 
My Consort fell a whimpering 
When of my journey she did hear. 355 

Puss was much for her life in fear, 
And call'd out : " Help, our pilgrim's wife 
Is like, for grief to lose her life." 

" Be this (quoth Simple) as it may ; 
She seem'd to call in great dismay." 360 

"No (replied Rankey), never fear; 
For Puss to me is very dear, 
And rather, than to give her pain, 
To serve her, every nerve I'd strain. 
But I must not forget to say, 365 

Before to Court you go away, 
That when we parted last, the King 
Bade me to write about some thing. 
Whilst Puss was, in her sprightly way, 
With Erminet all blithe and gay, 370 

And both together lik'd to chatter 
On this and that, and th'other matter, 
To write those letters I had leisure ; 
If you'll take them, 't will give me pleasure." 



102 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

" Why, yes, (said Simple), very well ; 375 

But where to put them, please to tell, 
For I have neither pouch, nor sack." 

Quoth he : " The Knapsack from Brown's back 
Will serve the purpose well enough, 
For it is very tight and tough. 380 

I'll go and put the letters in, 
And straight come back to you again." 

Instead of that, he went and made 
A parcel up of Pussey's head, 
And coming back, he for a sham 385 

Thus caution'd the poor silly Ram : 
" Pray, take this Knapsack on your neck, 
And lest the letter-seals should break, 
Refrain from handling the contents. 
I've tied it fast at all events, 390 

And if the King finds that the Knot 
Is as I tied it, well I wot 
That he will pay you for your pain. 
If his applause you wish to gain, 
Tell him, that you, whilst I did write, 395 

Help'd me the letters to indite. 
You'll surely meet with due reward.". 

The Ram for joy leapt up a yard. 
" I now perceive indeed (said he) 
How much you love and favour me. 400 

It will be a delightful sport, 
To hear all Gentlemen at Court 



CANTO III.] THE RELAPSE. 103 

Commend me for my style in writing 

And subtlety of my inditing ; 

For though the praise to You is due, 405 

They know it not. Great thanks to you ! 

'T is well, I came with you this way. 

Doth Pussey, now come with me, pray ? " 

" No, she'll stay yet a while with me, 
Ere I can part with her, (quoth he) ; 410 

But if you slowly will walk on, 
She'll overtake you, when we've done." 

The Ram took leave, and did not tarry, 
The message to the King to carry. 
'T was noon-day when he came to Court. 415 

The King, who saw him in such port, 
And that with Reynard's bag he came, 
Ask'd him, what of the Fox became. 

Quoth he : "An't please your Majesty, 
Reynard besought me earnestly, 420 

Some letters straight to you to carry, 
And in this bag they are ; but marry ! 
When Reynard did the letters write, 
Great part I help'd him to indite ; 
I therefore hope you'll find the writ ' 425 

Not destitute of sense and wit." 

The Beaver was first notary 
And head-clerk to his Majesty, 
In foreign tongues he was well versed, 
And writs and letters he rehearsed 430 



104 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT II. 

In Council. Castor was his name, 

And he was sent for. When he came, 

He was commanded by the King, 

To see what news the- Ram did bring, 

He op'd the bag, but in a fright 435 

He call'd out : " What a shocking sightj 

Would any one such thing believe ? 

'T is Pussey's head, sure as I live." 

This sadly shock'd the King and Queen. 
The King exclaim'd with rage and spleen : 440 
" Had I this rascal here again, 
I'd make him suffer endless pain. 
How that base villain cheated me ! " 
His wrath rose to such high degree, 
That he made all the woods resound, 445 

And frighten'd every soul around. 

The Leopard, who sat next by him, 
Said : " Why, Sir, should you look so grim, 
And vex yourself about such thing ? 
Such grief doth not become a King, 450 

Who ne'er is judg'd to do amiss ? " 

" Are you (quoth Noble) sure of this ? 
Is't wonderful to see me grieve, 
That I this villain could believe, 
Who made me my best friends bear down, 455 
Stout Growler and his cousin Brown ?. 
'T will stab my honour to the quick, 
That he induc'd me by his trick, 



CANTO HI.] THE RELAPSE. 105 

My two first Barons to offend*. 

Which 't will be difficult to mend. 460 

This all is owing to my wife, 

Who begg'd me much to spare his life, 

Till I was forc'd to lend an ear ; 

Which I'm left to repent, I fear." 

Quoth he : " Sir, if you have offended, 465 

I'm sure, the matter may be mended. 
That your two injur'd Barons must 
Have some atonement, is but just, 
The Ram hath own'd without disguise, 
That he did Pussey's death advise, 470 

By which he forfeited his life. 
Give him to Growler and his wife 
And to their wounded cousin Brown, 
And they'll be thankful for the boon. 
Then we'll of Reynard go in quest; 475 

I hope to catch him in his nest. 
To try him, is not worth a straw ; 
We'll hang him straight by martial law, 
For if he's suffer'd to harangue, 
We ne'er shall live to see him hang. 480 

The King approving this advice, 
There was no need to give it twice. 
" Go, (he replied), without delay, 
And fetch th' imprison'd Barons, pray. 
Tell them : We from our royal Grace 485 

Restore to them their rank and place ; 



106 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART II. 

Henceforth the same respect to Brown 
And Growler shall again be show'n, 
Which hath in former time been paid them 
Before the wicked fox betray'd them. 490 

You'll let them know how he contriv'd, 
That Pussey was of life depriv'd, 
And that, abetted by the Ram, 
Her head he sent us for a sham. 
To make the Ram pay for his sin, 495 

They shall have him and all his Kin." 
The Leopard to the pris'ners went, 
To whom his mind he thus unbent : 
" Good news I bring to you (quoth he). 
The King- sets you at liberty, 500 

And very sorry, Sirs, he is, 
If any thing was done amiss. 
Therefore he order'd me to proffer 
The Ram to you, by way of offer. 
Him and his Kin and friends you may 505 

At any time destroy and slay. 
He further grants you his permission 
To waylay without intermission 
Rankey the Fox, your enemy, 
His wife and all his family. 510 

You may detain, imprison, kill 
And slay them, when and where you will. 
These grants he will bestow on you 
And on all your descendants too, 



ONTO TIT.] THE RELAPSE. 107 

Provided you forget the past, 515 

And will be loyal to the last." 

This offer being by the Bear 
And Wolf thought honorable and fair, 
Poor Simple did with all his Kin 
Pay for the bargain with their skin. 520 

No treaty after long contention 
Was ever kept with more attention ; 
For Wolves and Bears devour and slay 
Poor harmless sheep until this day. 



PART III. 
CANTO I. THE OUTLAWRY. 



ARGUMENT. 

The King prolongs the feasts at Court, 
To which all beasts and birds resort. 
. The Rabbit and the Crow complain 
Of Reynard's treachery again ; 
Of which his friend, the badger Gray, 
Gives him a hint that very day. 
Him Reynard gaily doth invite 
To sup with him, and spend the night. 

THE King, desirous to confer 
More honour on the Wolf and Bear, 
For twelve days more prolong'd the feasts, 
To the great joy of birds and beasts ; 
But greater joy did Reynard's fall 5 

And new disgrace give to them all, 
And they resolv'd, of him again 
In a joint body to complain. 

New messengers to every end 
Of his great realm the King did send. 10 

[108] 



CAXTO T.] THE OUTLAWRY. 109 

Beasts of all Kind, Birds of all feather 

Came flocking from all parts together ; 

But in the mean time, night and day, 

Reynard in waiting for them lay, 

And not a few he made repent, 15 

That on such pastime they were bent. 

Great was the merriment and sport 
With balls and tournament* at CYmrt ; 
Trumpets did sound, and bells were rung; 
Some danc'd, some fought, some drank and sung, 20 
While King and Queen did look about 
With pleasure on the merry rout. 

But when the eighth day scarce was past, 
And Noble sat at his repast, 

The Rabbit came with mournful mien, 25 

And thus address'd the King and Queen : 
" With pain and sorrow I appear, 
My Liege and Queen, before You here. 
You never saw such treachery, 
As Reynard practis'd against me. 30 

At dawn of morning yesterday, 
As I came travelling this way, 
I saw him sitting at his door. 
A pilgrim's dress and hood he wore. 
I thought he read his morning pray'r, 35 

And without caution I drew near. 
He got up from his seat, to meet me ; 
I thought, he friendly meant to greet me ; 



110 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT in. 

But of a sudden with his claw 

He gave me such a horrid paw, 40 

That, what with fright, what with the wound, 

It brought me nearly to the ground. 

Thanks to my legs, I got away, 

Or I should not have liv'd this day ; 

But still I lost part of my ear, 4"> 

And was almost half dead with fear. 

Whoever ventures o'er the plain, 

Risks, by him basely to be slain." 

Whilst thus the Rabbit told his story, 
The Crow came in, cast down and sorry. 50 

"My Liege, (quoth he), I scarce can speak, 
And my poor heart is like to break. 
The loss, which I have undergone, 
Would be enough to move a stone. 
My wife and I this morning early 55 

Were coming through a field of barley, 
Where Reynard in a path did lie, 
With eyes askance, and head awry, 
Like a dead dog ; his tongue uncouth 
Did hang out of his gaping mouth. 60 

I call'd for help in great dismay, 
But dead like any stone he lay. 
Mj wife his belly strok'd, and chin, 
To try if life was still within. 
But while she thought, he was quite dead, 65 

He seiz'd her, and bit off her head. 



CANTO I.] THE OUTLAWRY. Ill 

At me the traitor likewise snapp'd, 

And I but narrowly escap'd ; 

Then, perching on a neighb'ring tree, 

I with my eyes was doom'd to see 70 

How my poor wife he did devour ; 

Nay, if there had been half a score, 

He'd have devour'd them all together. 

He scarcely left of her this feather, 

Which, when the murderer was gone, 75 

I came to gather up anon. 

My Liege, it is of highest need, 

To punish this atrocious deed ; 

For those, who would the guilty spare, 

Are justly deem'd, the guilt to share." 80 

The King, who heard these new complaints. 
And weigh'd the plaintiff's arguments, 
Was vex'd with anger and with grief, 
And breathing wrath against the thief, 
He said : " Well, by the faith We owe 85 

T'our loving Consort, we do vow, 
This breach of peace shall cost him dear. 
I have done wrong, to lend an ear 
To his lies, and to let him loose. 
The villain us'd me like a goose, 90 

When I a palmer made of him, 
And sent him to Jerusalem. 
But I may thank my wife for it; 
For all is owing to her wit ; 



112 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III- 

Though I am not the only fool, 95 

Who hath been made a woman's tool. 

This Rankey is a lying thief, 

Who thinks of nothing but mischief. 

It is high time to mar his plots, 

Lest all the world think, we are sots. 100 

Then let us find out means, to get him, 

And when we have him, we will sweat him." 

Growler, as well as Brown the Bear, 
We re 'glad to hear King Noble swear ; 
They wish'd much to stir up his rage, 105 

And yet to speak they durst not wage, 
Because so furious was his look, 
Their noise he might not calmly brook. 

At last the Queen put in a word. 
" Don't be so wroth, (she said), My Lord, 110 
And don't so lightly vow and swear, 
If you will of reproach beware. 
We can not fairly weigh the case, 
Before we hear what Reynard says. 
The Proverb : Alteram partem audi 115 

Is a good rule for any body, 
And may be, if the fox was here, 
A diff'rent story we might hear ; 
For every one (we all know well) 
In his own way his tale will tell. 120 

He may be bad, for aught I know, 
But that he's clever, you'll allow. 



CANTO I.] THE OUTLAWRY. 113 

The number of his friends is great, 

And they are useful to the State. 

I thought his tale was void of art, 125 

And on that ground I took his part : 

If I'm mistaken, time will show it ; 

If you will hang him, you may do it ; 

But don't condemn him hastily, 

Lest you repent it leisurely." 130 

" Sir, (said the Leopard), it is true, 
To wait, can draw no blame on you. 
The Queen's opinion I think wise, 
And if these Lords the same advise, 
Let Reynard be allow'd to speak, 135 

Before your wrath on him you wreak." 

Quoth Growler: "'T will not be amiss, 
To take a fool's advice on this. 
Sir Leopard, if the fox was here, 
And would attempt, himself to clear 140 

Of all the matter, which the Crow 
And Rabbit have advanc'd just now, 
I have in store some other thing, 
Which to the gallows him must bring ; 
But I'll be silent now, and let him, 145 

Until before the bar we get him. 
Was 't not enough, the wily thief 
Durst impose on the King's belief, 
And tell him in his lying fit 
Of treasures hid at Quarrelpit? 150 



114 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

And have not Brown and I been shent, 

And for his lies to prison sent? 

I'll lay my life, he would be flay'd, 

Ere but one word of truth he said ; 

For since his birth his whole intent loo 

On mischief and deceit is bent. 

My Lords, you'll do what you think fit. 

And I must be content with it ; 

But if he ventur'd to appear, 

Ere now you would have seen him here." 160 

Quoth Noble : " It is as you say ; 
What serves it then, for him to stay ? 
We'll have an end of his affair, 
And I command you, to repair 
In six days time, arm'd Cap-a-pie, 1 65 

To this spot, and to follow me. 
Let every one be in his gear 
With bow and arrows, sword and spear, 
And when Y'are rang'd, each to his banner. 
Behave yourselves in such a manner, 1 70 

That I with honour may call Sir 
Him, on whom knighthood I confer. 
We will proceed to Malpertouse, 
And take him up at his own house." 

This measure being fix'd upon 175 

By all the Council, Gray anon 
In greatest hurry did depart, 
The news to Reynard to impart. 



CANTO I.] THE OUTLAWRY. 115 

Whilst pensive o'er the plain he walk'd, 

Thus to himself in dumps he talk'd: 180 

" Poor Reynard ! Now it is indeed 

A question, how at last you'll speed. 

Of all your clan you are the head, 

For whom we now are left to dread ; 

Else, when for us you us'd to plead, 185 

In all concerns we did succeed." 

With this and such like lamentation, 
Gray finish'd his pei*egrination. 
When he arriv'd at Malpertouse, 
Reynard met him before his house. 190 

Two fine young pigeons, which to leave 
Their nest had ventur'd in the eve, 
And meant, their little wings to try, 
H' had caught, because they could not fly. 
When he saw Gray, he came to meet him, 195 
And friendly did receive and greet him. 
" Be welcome here, my friend, (said he) ; 
You always mean it well with me. 
You seem to be in wondrous flurry ; 
What news d' ye bring in sudh a hurry ? " 200 

" News I have got indeed, (quoth Gray) ; 
But not the best, I'm griev'd to say. 
I am much for your life afraid, 
For e'en the King himself hath said 
That you a shameful death shall die, 205 

And orders he did notify 



116 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART m. 

To his troops, to attend him here 

In six days time, with sword and spear. 

This wears a very dang'rous face ; 

For Brown stands high in his good grace, 210 

And Growler is in favour too 

With him, as much as I'm with you, 

And it is said that out of hand 

He'll get a general command. 

In short, I fear some ill design 215 

Is form'd, which you must countermine. 

The number of your friends is small, 

While crowds of foes contrive your fall. 

Of late the Crow and Rabbit too 

Have grievously complain'd of you. 220 

If you are caught, your life will be 

(I fear) in greatest jeopardy." 

"And is this all? (ask'd Reynard), Pshaw! 
I do rtot value it a straw. 

The King and all his Court may swear 225 

Whate'er they please ; I do not care. 
If I advise myself, you'll see, 
United they won't injure me. 
Come, take a "bit of supper, pray, 
And let us send all cares away. 230 

Two fat young pigeons I just now 
Have caught ; they are nice food, I trow, 
And you may eat them, bones and all, 
For suppers should be light and small. 



CAHTO I.] THE OUTLAWRY. 117 

My wife will strive to treat us well ; 235 

But pray, be cautious, not to tell 

The matter, which has brought you here ; 

For smallest things put her in fear. 

To morrow we will go to Court, 

Where I depend on your support." 240 

" I shall (quoth Gray) be staunch and true, 
And lay down goods and life for you." 

" 'T is comfort (Rankey said) you give ; 
I'll thank you for it, if I live." 

" For your advice, friend, I can say 245 

That you may safely come, (said Gray). 
The Leopard mov'd to-day the Court, 
(The Queen his motion did support), 
That full permission should be granted 
To you, to speak all that you wanted, 250 

And that, until you had been heard, 
Your life by all means should be spar'd." , . 

Quoth Reynrfrd : " To obtain this grant, 
Will be as much, as I shall want ; 
For if I get but leave to chatter, 255 

I soon shall twist about the matter." 

This said, they stept into the hall, 
Where Gray was well receiv'd by all ; 
And Erminet serv'd up the dish, 
On which they feasted at their wish. 260 

Whilst they were sitting at their mess 
Reynard said : " Pray my friend, confess, 



118 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

What think you of our little crew, 

And how appear my brats to you ? 

They are two little cunning elves, 265 

Who begin to exert themselves. 

They'll catch a gosling, or a pullet, 

To fill their pretty little gullet ; 

The one will lurk, the other dive ; 

Faith, I'm in hopes, they both will thrive. 270 

But ere I send them out, to hunt, 

They first shall learn, to stand the brunt 

Of yelping hounds, and to beware 

Of baited trap and hidden snare. 

Already after me they take ; 275 

They know the leap, the snatch, the shake ; 

For oft in play I do impart 

To the young mimics all my art." 

Quoth Gray : " 'T is happiness indeed 
And pride, to see one's children speed, 280 

And young lads should be early rmtde 
Acquainted with their parent's trade. 
I'm very glad, to hear you tell, 
My pretty cousins promise well." 

" Thank you ! we'll now leave that alone 285 
(Quoth Reynard), and to bed be gone ; 
You must be tir'd, and 't is the best 
For us, to take a little rest." 

This said, the floor was strew'd with hay, 
And all about the hall they lay ; 290 



CANTO I.] THE OUTLAWRY. 119 

Though Reynard was not free from fright, 
And hardly closed an eye that night. 

When in the morn he left his bed, 
He call'd his wife, to whom he said : 
" Do not be frighten'd ; I with Gray 295 

To Court again must go away. 
If idle tales are told of me, 
Let them by no means trouble thee, ' 
But hoping always for the best, 
Be careful of our little nest." 300 

" Reynard (said she), pray mind what pass'd 
When you to Court were summon d last." 

" If I was last in danger there, 
(Quoth he), I now may better fare. 
Wise men grope often in the dark, 305 

And ablest shots may miss the mark. 
I can't avoid to go, you hear ; 
Then be content, and banish fear. 
In five days I come back to you, 
If all goes well. Mean time adieu!" 310 



CANTO IL THE JOURNEY. 



ARGUMENT. 

Reynard sets out, and by the way 
Once more he doth confess to Gray. 
To palliate his guilt and shame, 
He on the Clergy casts the blame. ' 
His friend reproves his vain quotations, 
Though he admits his observations. 
Pug makes an offer, to proceed 
To Rome, his cause for him to plead. 

WHILE. Reynard walk'd along with Gray 
He told his nephew by the way : 
" 'T is difficult to guess (you know) 
What fate at Court awaits me now. 
At any rate I think it best, 5 

Once more by you to be confess'd : 
Therefore my sins, both great and small, 
I am resolv'd to tell you all. 

It was a great and heinous sin, 
That I mad.e Brown part with his skin. 10 

[1201 



CAXTO II.] THE JOURNEY. 121 

Growler and Surly too did lose 
Their claws, lo get me gloves and shoes ; 
For rancour against them, and spite, 
Made me the Kings ill-will excite. 

I much abus'd his royal ear, 15 

By telling him of jewels dear, 
Of treasures, hid at Quarrelpit, 
And Goldsmith's work ; which was not fit. 

Poor Puss I kill'd with fell intent, 
And to the King her head I sent ; 20 

Which cost the harmless Ram his life. 

The Crow complains, I kill'd his wife ; 
The Rabbit says, I cropt his ear ; 
All which is but too true, I fear. 

One thing, besides, I last forgot, 25 

With which my conscience I did blot ; 
A trick, which to the Wolf I play'd, 
Which I don't wish to get repaid : 
Once, while we saunter'd o'er a plain, 
Growler of hunger did complain ; 30 

A fine foal-mare we there espied, 
Whose Colt was skipping by her side. 
Growler sent me, to ask the Mare, 
If she to us her Colt would spare, 
And how dear it was to be sold. 35 

I went, and by the Mare was told, 
That if I wish'd to know the price, 
She'd let me read it in a trice. 



122 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT HI. 

Her words were follow'd" by a motion, 

Which made me tell her : " I've no notion 40 

Of letters, and I am not bent 

On Colts-flesh ; but I have been sent 

By Growler, who is with me here." 

" Then (said she) tell him to draw near." 

I went, and told him : " If you'll eat 45 

A copious mess of nice Colt's-meat, 
The Mare will sell her Foal to you. 
The price is mark'd below her shoe. 
She would have shovv'd it me, indeed, 
But I was never taught to read. 50 

You had best go, and try to spell it." 

" It were strange, if I could not tell it, 
(Said he), who am so deeply read 
In languages, both quick and dead, 
In which I often have disputed,- 55 

And many learned Clerks confuted. 
Nay, writings, which to few are known, 
I read as glibly, as my own. 
If you'll but wait a little bit, 
I'll go, and read this -curious writ." 60 

He ran, and ask'd the Mare, how dear 
She'd sell her Colt. She said : " Look here, 
The price is noted on my shoe." 

" Lei's see," quoth he. She said : ' Pray do." 
This said, she lifted up her heel, 65 

And with a kick she made him reel ; 



CANTO II.] THE JOURNEY. 123 

For she had got an iron shoe 

"With six sharp nails, put on quite new, 

Which she imprinted on his head, 

And near an hour he lay for dead. 70 

Whilst both the Mare and Colt ran off, 
I came and ask'd him, for a scoff: 
" Pray Sir, how did you like the Foal ? 
Have you alone eat up the Whole, 
And not left me the smallest share 75 

For bringing answer from the Mare ? 
Pray tell, what on her Shoe was writ ; 
For surely you've decipher'd it. 
Have you been napping after dinner ? " 

" Don't banter a poor, hapless sinner, 80 

(Quoth he) ; that longshank'd Jade just now 
(Damn her!) hath hit me such a blow, 
As laid me senseless on the Clod. 
She was with iron newly shod, 
And 't was no writing, which I read, 85 

But nails of steel, which broke my head." 
He s,carce got cur'd in three weeks time. 

Thus, friend, I have own'd every crime, 
Which* I can call to recollection. 
I'm ready to receive correction 90 

And clear my conscience, that I may 
With easy mind appear to-day, 
And with your good advice, I fain 
Will seek the way to Grace again." 



124 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III 

" Your sins are great indeed, (quoth Gray) ; 95 
But since the Dead are gone away, 
And many things with cures involve you, 
Of past offences I'll absolve you. 
If you have any thing to dread, 
It is for sending Pussey's head; 100 

Indeed, it was a daring thing, 
That you durst send it to the King." 

" Why now, (quoth Reynard), for my part 
I do not take this much to heart. 
Who through this World must fight his way, 105 
Can't mind his conscience every day. 
I saw, the hare was fat and good, 
And fit, to yield the nicest food. 
The Rarn's blood out of spleen I spilt. 
Theirs was the damage; mine the guilt. 110 

I just from Court came in a pet ; 
What wonder then, that I did fret? 
Though, to confess the truth to Ye, 
It savour'd not of charity. 

But very properly You say : .115 

Those, who are dead, are gone away ; 
Then let us drop this odious matter, 
And on some other subject chatter : 
Our present times abound with vices, 
Witness, our Clergymen's devices, 120 

Who, whilst for models they should serve, 
Too often from their duty swerve. 



CANTO II.] THE JOURNEY. 125 

Nay, even our liege Lord, the King, 
Doth not refrain from pilfering, 
And though not openly himself, 125 

He comes, to take away our pelf, 
Yet Wolves and Bears with loaves and fishes 
Know mighty well to meet his wishes. 
But still he thinks, this all is fair ; 
For none to him the truth declare. 130 

Confessors, Chaplains and. their crew 
Make him believe, 't is all his due, 
And basely they neglect their duty, 
Because they all share in the booty ^ 
"ThougE 't were but for a hood, or gown. 135 

Poor Commoners are thus kept down, 
Unheard, unjudg'd, they must refrain, 
Of their oppressors to complain. 
For since the Lion hath the sway, 
And Bears and Wolves have won the day, 140 
'T is honour thought by them to steal 
And prey upon the Common -weal. 
But if poor Reynard lifts a Goose, 
The hounds of Justice are let loose, 
And : " Hang the thief," and: " Crucify," 145 

Becomes the universal cry. 
For small thieves are hang'd out of hand/ 
Whilst wholesale robbers rule the land. / 

Such bad examples have seduc'd me, 
And to foul play they have induc'd me, 150 



126 REYNARD THE FOX. , [PABT in. 

Because I thought, what others did, 

Was not to me alone forbid ; 

And though my conscience would at times, 

Awake, and tell me of my crimes, 

Yet, when I saw, that Churchmen did 155 

Not always live, as they were bid, 

Confirm'd in guilt, no more afraid, 

I carried on my wonted trade ; 

For e'en great Prelates now-a-day 

Pon't always walk the narrow way. 160 

But difference must be always made 
'Twixt men and men of every trade ; 
And so 't is with the Clergy too. 
That some are bad, is but too true, 

^^^^^^^^MBMMMMM 

But others, by their conduct, teach 165 

The same good maxims, which they preach. 

But is it not a cruel thing, 

That there's no end of censuring ? 

What's good, we don't enquire about; 

But what is bad, we soon find out, 1 70 

And our delight is, to descry 

The splinter in our neighbour's eye. 

Of this we like to say and sing, 

But not to praise a handsome thing. 

Is 't wondrous then, that on our scurvy 175 

Ant's hill, all things go topsy-turvy ? 

Bad habits (th' adage says) are catching, 

And are caught, like the Itch, by scratching. 



CANTO n.] THE JOURNEY. 127 

Just so the poor, unthinking crowd, 
To their own damage, rail aloud 180 

Against the morals of their teachers. 
" If 't were all sin (they say), what preachers 
Condemn in pulpits, and exclaim 
Against, they would not do the same." 
Thus, like the silly, mocking Apes, 185 

By mocking they get into scrapes. 
'T is said, that on the Continent 
Priests- are on fornication bent, 
Because they r re not allow'd to wed ; 
But, to supply the nuptial bed, 190 

They scrape together alms and scantlings, 
To keep their wenches, and get bantlings. 
(If 't is the same with our's, or no, 
Is more, than I pretend to know). 
Their brats they always to some place 195 

Of trust and profit strive to raise, 
And there those puny bastard-elves 
Are seen to strut, and pride themselves, 
And of their betters to take place, 
As if they were of noblest race. 200 

In former times they made less show, 
But are call'd Lordp and Ladies now ; 
For money is the paramount, 
And Priests at present keep account 
In many Realms, without control, 205 

Of land-tax, poor's fund, mint and toll. 



128 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART m. 

When Priests and Clerks themselves exert, 

Thus the poor lay-men to pervert, 

The Blind show to the Blind the way, 

And both of course must go astray ; 210 

For good examples now by few 

Are minded, and the heedless crew 

On wicked ways are most intent, 

And seldom on good morals bent. 

But after all, this is not said, 215 

All bastard-children to degrade. 
Their parent's sin is not their own ; 
But those, who are for bastards known, 
Should not behave presumptuously, 
But always show great modesty. 220 

If then they 're slander'd after all, 
The shame will on the sland'rer fall : 
I It is not birth, we are to scan, 
For virtue only makes the man. 

A Clergyman of gentle mood 225 

And conduct wise, can do much good, 
Whilst others, who are bent on vices, 
Mislead their flock to bad devices, 
And though they preach the purest lore, 
T will be as ba'd, as 't was before. 230 

" What means their preaching (Laymen say), 
If all their deeds their words unsay ? 
Before their sermon they conclude, 
To Charity they oft allude, 



CANTO II.] THE JOURNEY. 129 

By telling us, that money, spent 235 

In good works, to the Lord is lent ; 

But they will be the last of any, 

To lend the Lord a single penny, 

And ere a doit they give the poor, 

They'll see them starving at their door. 240 

Soft clothes, nice victuals and hard drinking, 

On such they are forever thinking ;_ 

A' bumper and a buxom Lass 

They will prefer to saying Mass." 

A pious and devout Divine '-^5 

Won't deck himself with outward shine ; 
Righteous and meek he'll walk before, 
And lead his flock to heaven's door. 

Not so the lazy brotherhood, 

Who wear a chaplet, frock and hood, 250 

And go from house to house about, 
The richest shriving to find out. 
They'll cringe and fawn, and pray and whine, 
Till somebody ask them to dine ; 
Nay, if you ask one, he'll bring in more. 2oo 

There are besides full half a score., 
Who in each Convent take the lead, 
And on the nicest morsels feed. 
These are preferr'd before all Friars, 
As Guardians, Lecturers and Priors, 2 GO 

And when in hall they dine, or sup, 
To them the choicest is serv'd up, 



130 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

Whilst others must, both night and day, 
Read matins, bury, sing and pray. 

It is the same with the Pope's Legates, 2-G5 

With. Bishops, Deans and other Prelates. 

E'en simp'ring Nuns like to receive, 

But would be very loth to give. 

In short, not two in ten there are, 

Who to fulfil their vows will care." 270 

Quoth Gray : " My friend, you do not well, 
Your neighbor's faults to me to tell ; 
For 't is not worth to you a pin, 
To speak of ought, but your own sin. 
Wh'at bus'ness have we here, to ask 27 o 

How monks and nuns perform their task ? 
Let them for all such matters answer 
To their Superiors, as they can, Sir. 
Meantime I freely will confess 
That many things you shrewdly guess ; 280 

And all your observations show 
How^welljthe ways of men you know. 
It might not be at all amiss, 
If we to you were to confess ; 
For many Clerks, as well as I, 28 > 

Might for advice to you apply." 

When of the Court they now got sight, 
Reynard Was seiz'd with sudden fright. 
But Pug the monkey met him there, 
And in great part reliev'd his care. 20U 



CANTO II.] THE JOURNEY. 131 

Something of Reynard's case he knew ; 

To help him further to the clue, 

Reynard said : " Fortune hath of late 

Show'd me the bald part of her pate. 

Some rogues, whoever they may be, 295 

Have grievously complain'd of me : 

The Crow hath lost his wife I hear ; 

The Rabbit says I cropt his ear. 

But if I could approach the King ; 

It should not avail them any thing. 300 

I am however much afflicted, 

That by the Pope I'm interdicted ; 

For on that score, I know the Dean 

Traduc'd me before the King and Queen. 

All this for Growler's sake I suffer ; 305 

For I help'd that ungrateful buffer 

When to his heels the vagrant took, 

And wantonly his cell forsook. 

'T was I, who set the ruffian free, 

When tir'd of fasts and chastity ; 310 

And now, for payment of my pain, 

The wretch with all his might and main, 

Decries me, and tries every thing, 

To make me odious to the King. 

If I'm oblig'd to go to Rome, 315 

I much fear for my wife at home, 

To whom he will, with all his clan, 

Do as much mischief, as he can. 



132 REYXARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

But if, from th' interdict releas'd 

My mind and conscience were appeas'd, 320 

In better spirits I, to plead 

My cause at Court, could now proceed." 

Quoth Pug : " I'm going straight to Rome ; 
Then, if you wish to stay at home, 
Intrust your bus'ness but to me, 32-~> 

And in the best hands it shall be. 
You know, our Bishop's clerk I was, 
And all things through my hands did pass : 
In spite of Bishops and of Deans, 
To serve you well, I have the means. 330 

My worthy friend and uncle Simon, 
Whqjs a pow'rful and a sly man, 
Hath every thing at his command, 
And will help those, who fill his hand. 
Nay, he i.s not the only friend, 330 

On whom at Rome I can depend ; 
There's Doctor Wrest, and bach'lor Civil, 
Who'll gain a supper from the devil, 
And both will follow, while we've money, 
As busily, as flies do honey. 3 40 

The proverb says, and all men know : 
' T is money makes the Mare go. 
Whilst of your job I shall take care, 
To Court meantime you may repair. 
There mistress Pry, my wife, you'll find, 340 

To whom the King and Queen are kind, 



CAXTO II.] THE JOURNEY. 133 

Because she's of a gay deport. 

Apply to her but for support, 

And readily she'll grant it you. 

Her sisters, and our children too, 350 

And many of. your own relations 

Will strive, to screen you from vexations. 

If after all you don't succeed, 

Let me but know of it with speed, 

And the Pope's ban shall be inflicted, 355 

And King and Country interdicted. 

The Pope is old and sick, and cares 
But little about all affairs ; 
But there 's a jolly Cardinal, 

Hight Bonnyblade, who governs all. 3 GO 

I know a pretty, buxom Lass, 
With whom his evenings he doth pass : 
To all requests, which she presents, 
He always readily consents. 

Sir Pinchpenny and Doctor Hoard 3G5 

Sit both at the spiritual board, 
And those, who do not grease their paw, 
Are sure to be denied the law. 
These are the men, who shall forgive you, 
And from the interdict relieve you. 370 

The King will shortly be aware, 
That I'm befriending your affair. 
He knows that I negotiate 
All matters well in Church, or State. 



134 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART m. 

Consid'ring that, he'll not oppress you ; 375 

Therefore have courage friend. God bless you ! 

This said, they pai'ted on the spot, 
And each his different way did trot. 



CANTO III THE ADVOCACY. 






ARGUMENT. 

Reynard, when question'd by the King, 
Denies with boldness every thing. 
The King is wroth ; but mistress Pry, 
The monkey's wife, of conduct sly, 
Tells him, to bring his anger down, 
A story of a Snake and Clown; 
On which the King, returning back, 
Grants Reynard leave again to clack. 

WHEN Reynard came again to Court, 
He did affect a steady port, 
And through the crowd he made his way, 
Attended by his nephew Gray ; 
But seeing, to his great regret, a 

That all around he was beset 
By those, who wish'd to see him fall, 
His courage fail'd him after all ; 
When Gray, his friend, him thus admonish'd : 
" Reynard, (he said), be not astonish'd. 10 

[1351 



136 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART HI. 

Fortune's a woman, then be steady, 

For faint heart never won fair lady." 

Reynard thank'd him, and looking round 

Once more, he to his comfort found, 

That though his foes did crowd the hall, In 

The number likewise was not small 

Of those, on whom he could depend, 

His cause and int'rest to befriend. 

He then advanc'd, and bending knee, 
" God save the King and Queen ! (quoth he), 20 
And send them wisdom, to determine 
'Twixt trusty folks and lying vermin ; 
For it is difficult, to trace 
Low minds below a fawning face. 
I wish, all hearts were made of glass, '25 

That one might see what there doth pass ; 
You then would be convinc'd, liege Lord, . 
That I speak truth in every word. 
You'd see how faithful and how true 
I have been all along to you. 30 

Here I by many am abus'd, 
And have been slandrously accus'd, 
Because to hurt me, they endeavour, 
And to deprive me of your favour. 
But I am sure, you are too wise, 3"> 

Not to discern what they devise. 
My cause I'm ready to. defend, 
And on your Justice I depend." 



CASTO III.] THE ADVOCACY. 137 

" Your fawning speeches (quoth the King) 
Shall not avail you any thing. 40 

You have put many tricks on me, 
But of no use they now shall be ; 
For though you play your pranks with art, 
You are a villain in your heart. 
We daily hear complaints of you ; 45 

What with the old, what with the new, 
(Witness the Rabbit and the Crow) 
Your rogueries too well we know." 

Quoth Reynard : " Nay, upon my word, 
You have been mis-inform'd, My Lorfl. 50 

Hear me, and if you can deny 
That I am guiltless, let me die. 
You know that I with rede * and deed 
Have serv'd you oft in time of need ; 
Nay, I have oft kept watch for you 55 

(Of which your Highness little knew), 
Whilst you were basely left by those, 
Who now between us interpose. 
Nay, if my conscience bade me fear, 
Before my Judges to appear, 60 

I might have staid in peace at home, 
And should not now to Court have come. 



* Rede ( Sax. reed) Counsel, advice. The word is obsolete; 
but like many other quaint expressfons it suits the humour of 
the comic poem. 



138 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

For when my worthy cousin Gray 

Came to inform me yesterday, 

That to this place I must repair, f>;"> 

I was just going to prepare 

For goiug to the holy See. 

But Pug, my cousin, met with me, 

And told me, he himself with speed 

To Rome was going to proceed, 7*' 

And If I wish'd to come to Court, 

My case at Rome he would report. 

As soon as I was here arriv'd, 
I heard, my eifemies contriv'd, 
My reputation to attack, 7>~) 

And slander me behind my back ; 
For to the Rabbit and the Crow 
Much friendship I did always show. 
Instead of thanks, they now traduced me, 
And falsely of great crimes accused me. 80 

Be pleas'd to know, that some days past, 
Whilst I, just after breaking fast, 
Read morning-pray'r before my burrow. 
The Rabbit came, and said : " Good morrow ! " 
I friendly ask'd, which way he went. 8"> 

" To Court (said he) my course is bent." 
I saw, that he did pant and sweat, 
And ask'd, if he would take a whet. 
He gladly did accept my offer, 
And I as readily did proffer i)0 



CANTO HI.] THE ADVOCACY. 139 

New bread and fish, and fruit and curds, 

Such as a country-house affords. 

When he had eat his fill of fish, 

My youngest boy long'd for the dish, 

(You know, at any time of day 95 

Young brats are fond of food and play) ; 

But with a blow th' ungrateful clown 

Knock'd the poor harmless infant down. 

When this my eldest son perceiv'd, 

His little brother he reliev'd, 100 

And pull'd the bumpkin by his beard. 

To quell their fray, I interfer'd ; 

Or else the blockhead in the strife 

Deserv'dly might have lost his life. 

Now he would fain make it appear, 105 

That I on purpose cropt his ear. 

The Crow came on another day, 
And in a seeming great dismay 
He told me, he had lost his wife. 
" A fish (he said) hath cost her life ; 1 K> 

For with the bones she swallow'd it, 
And suddenly died in a fit." 
He must know best, how this befell her, 
The rascal says that I did kill her ; 
But, -may be, if the truth was known, 115 

These were some doings of his own. 
If I had leave, the rogue to question, 
He soon should make a full confession. 



140 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

What means to catch a Crow, have I, 

While I'm a-foot and Crows can fly ? 1 20 

If any body else is here, 
Who by witnesses makes it appear, 
That I have wrong'd him, I'm his man ; 
Let him convict me, if he can ; 
Or else I'll meet him in the field 125 

With lance and target, sword and shield ; 
There let it be by single figfiP 
Determin'd, who is wrong, who right. 
Such is the ancient, standing Law, 
In which I will not make a flaw." 130 

All those, who in the hall stood near him, 
Were very much surpris'd to hear him. 
The Crow and Rabbit stood amaz'd, 
And on the daring liar gaz'd. 

'The devil take this treach'rous wight 135 

(Said they) ; he calls us out, to fight ; 
. But ten of us durst not attack him, 
And as to witnesses, (plague rack him !) 
He knows, that none we can produce ; 
Therefore to plead, is of no use, 140 

For the arch rogue would overreach 
Us all, by dint of subtle speech." 
Thus their lost labour they did rue, 
And forthwith from the Court withdrew. 

Growler and Brown were very loth 145 

To see these plaintiffs sheer off both ; 



CAHTO m.] THE ADVOCACY. 141 

^ 

For now the King call'd out aloud : 

" Pray, what's become of all the crowd, 

Who against Reynard did appear? 

Why don't they speak, while he is here ? " 150 

" I will explain it, Sir, to you 
(Said Reynard) ; for 't is nothing new, 
Those, who set up the loudest clack 

* Against you, while you turn your back, 

Will sneak off, when your face you show, 155 

Just*like the Rabbit and the Crow, 
Who absent brought me into blame, 
But tamely sheer'd off, when I came. 
'T is not on my account, My Lord, 

- That I dare to put in a word, 160 
(For I'm worth little to the State) : 

But if such rogues were left to prate, 
They'd slander many, who are true, 
And faithfully attach'd to you." 

" May be 't is so, (said the King) ; 1 65 

But answer me another thing, 
Vile thief and felon, as you are ! 
What made you kill poor Puss, the Hare ? 
When last I granted you my pardon, 
And made you put a pilgrim's garb on, 170 

Did not you promise, out of hand 
To travel to the holy land, 
And coming back, to go to Rome, 
Palms and indulgence to bring home ? 



142 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT III. 



It was in hopes to see you mend, 175 

That I your purpose did befriend. 

How durst you then that very day, 

To take my servant's life away ? 

For my own Chaplain Simple, marry ! 

The message of her death did carry. 180 

Her head he brought me in a bag, 

And had the impudence, to brag, 

Of letters, which, though you did write them, 

He had assisted, to indite them. 

Thus by your daring insolence 185 

You both have heigh ten'd your offence, 

For which the Ram receiv'd his due ; 

He lost his life, and so shall you." 

" Is't possible, that Puss is dead 
(Cried Reynard, lifting up his head), 190 

And Simple too ? Then I'm forlorn, 
And wish, I never had been born ; 
For I have lost the greatest treasure, 
And am left to repent at leisure, 
That by him, whom I thought my friend, 195 

The rarest jewels I did send. 
'T is clear, that for the sake of gain 
Poor Pussey by the Ram was slain." 

The King did not pay much attention 
To any thing, the Fox did mention ; 200 

For on revenge his mind was bent, 
And to his rooms away he went. 



CANTO m.] THE ADVOCACY. 143 

The Queen was sitting there with Pry, 

Who in her favour did stand high ; 

And with her parts and ready Wit 205 

The King too was a little smit ; 

To whom, as soon as he came in, 

She said with a submissive mien : 

" Don't be to Reynard so unkind, 

My Liege. If you'll recall to mind 21 < 

What services you have receiv'd 

From his late father, while he liv'd, 

And that to me he's near a-kin, 

You'll overlook some trifling sin. 

You see, he doth not shun the Law, 215 

And heretofore we often saw, 

That he is better skill'd in it, 

Than Wolves and Bears, with all their wit." 

" Pray, is it then a trifling thing, 
Which stirs my anger ? (said the King). '2'20 

Did he not lately kill the Hare, 
And draw the Ram into his snare ? 
Are not his crimes the general cry ? " 

"May be, not all is true, (said Pry). 
Reynard is very shrewd and smart ; 225 

Which many envy in their heart. 
You must remember, I dare say, 
How a poor hind complain'd one day, 
That a snake did attempt his, life. 
Nobody then could quell their strife, 2o<> 



144 BEYNARD THE FOX. [PART III. 

Till Reynard came, and judg'd the cause, 
And met from you with great applause." 

" Yes, I remember such a thing, 
But not exactly, (said the King). 
I wish, you would the case relate, 235 

"Which, I believe, was intricate." 

Quoth Pry : " 'T is now about a year, 
That the said Serpent did appear, 
And brought a Countryman before you. 
The Snake for justice did implore you, 240 

Because the man was obstinate, 
A Jury's verdict to debate. 

The Snake, in creeping through a gap, 
Fell, as it seems, into a trap, 

And loud for help began to cry. 2-i") 

The Countryman by chance pass'd by, 
To whom he call'd: " Have pity, pray, 
Nor take a harmless life away." 

The man replied : " I'll set you free, 
If on your oath you promise me, 2/>0 

On all occasions to refrain 
From hurting me." The Snake was fain 
To swear ; on which the man untied him ; 
But soon great ill-luck did betide him. 
Whilst they together walk'd along, 25.1 

The Snake, with hunger being stung, 
With fury at the man did snap, 
But he escap'd him by good hap. 



CANTO III.] THE ADVOCACY. 145 



" Is this (quoth he) an honest way, 

Men for good services to pay ? 260 

Was it for this, I made you swear, 

To injure me, you would forbear?" 

" I'm faint with hunger (said the Snake) ; 
Necessity all Laws will break." 

The man then begg'd for a respite, 265 

Till they could both the case recite 
To some impartial Judge. The Snake 
To this did no objection make. 
Together they again walk'd on, 
And met the Raven and his son, 270 

To whom the Snake did his debate 
With the poor Countryman relate. 
They hoped to come in for a share, 
And said : " You need not him to spare." 

" You can not (said the Snake) dispute 275 

My right now, and I'vfe gain'd the suit." 

" No, 't is not so far gone, (said he), 
That thieves should judge 'twixt you and me, 
Besides, there should at least be four 
To weigh the matter, if not' more." 280 

" 'T is very well," the Snake replied, 
Who straight the Wolf and Bear espied, 
And- said that umpires they should be. 

The Countryman thought : " Woe on me ! 
Four greedy rogues I see before me, 285 

10 



143 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT 1IL 

Who all are eager to devour me, 

Two Ravens, and the Wolf and Bear." 

And too well founded was his fear ; 

For they declar'd, all in one breath, 

The Snake might put the man to death, 290 

Making necessity a Law, , 

In which this murder made no flaw. 

The Snake now like an arrow shot 
At him, to kill him on the spot ; 
But he escap'd a second time, 29o 

And cried : " It is a heinous crime, 
That you by dint of foulest play, 
Attempt to take my life away, 
To which you have no sort of right." 
" Who says so? (quoth the Snake), base wight ! 300 
Have not you twice been sentenc'd, Sir ? " 

" Yes, (said he), by the Wolf and Bear, 
Who like to murder and to steal ; 
But to the King I do appeal. 
Come with me, and let him decide, 305 

And by his sentence I'll abide'; 
Be't right or wrong, I will not mind^ 
And to my fate I'll be resign'd." 

" To this the Snake will not object," 
Quoth Growler; for he did expect 310 

That you, my Liege, would cook the dish 
For them, according to their wish. 



CANTO in.] THE ADVOCACY. 147 

They all before you did appear, 

The Snake, the Ravens, Wolf and Bear, 

And some of them brought all their Clan, 315 

In hopes of feasting on the man ; 

But Growler's whelps made such a rout, 

That from the Court you drove them out. 

The Man for Justice did implore you, 
And laid his cruel case before you : 320 

That, whilst from death he sav'd the snake, 
His life he now away would take. 

The Snake the truth of this confess'd ; 
But said, he was by hunger press'd. 

You weigh'd the Case of both maturely : 325 
To doom the Man to death, was surely 
For a kind act a bad reward. 
To starve (you thought) was likewise hard. 
This to your Barons you did state, 
Who went, the matter to debate. 330 

Most of them were too much inclin'd 
To condemn and devour the hind ; 
But you for Reynard sent at last, 
And telling him all, that had pass'd, 
You left the Case to his decision. 335 

He said : " To judge with due precision, 
I first must see the Serpent bound 
At the same place, where he was found." 
This done, quoth Reynard : " Now they are 
On the same footing, as they were. 340 



148 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART III 

The Man hath now the choice, to take 

An oath from him, and save the Snake ; 

But if he leaves him where he is, 

He likewise will not do amiss. 

This, (with all def'rence for a better) 345 

Is my opinion of the matter." 

You with this judgment were contented, 
And all your Barons too assented 
The Man was set at liberty, 
And humbly thank'd your Majesty." 350 

The Queen was glad, to second Pry. 
" Reynard (she said) is shrewd and sly ; 
Growler and Brown are blust'ring bullies, 
But as to sense, they are mere cullies ; 
They'll be the first at every feast, 355 

But in the field they're last and least, 
And though like champions they appear, 
In fight they tarry in the rear. 
These Wolves and Bears are fierce and savage, 
And only like to sack and ravage. 360 

To warm themselves, they would desire 
To see their neighbor's house on fire, 
And if they can but fill their gullet, 
They will not leave the poor a pullet. 
But Reynard and his kin are true, 365 

And faithfully attach'd to you. 
If any thing he hath misdone, 
Consider, he's not made of stone ; 



CANTO III.] THE ADVOCACY. 149 

And at the same time you will grant, 

That his advice we often want. 370 

Then please to show him mercy, p^ay." . 

The King replied : " I'll not say nay. 
'T is true, he did decide the cause, 
Which you related, with applause ; 
But he 's a deep one in his heart, 375 

And often makes those people smart, 
Who deal with him ; the Wolf, the Bear, 
The Crow, the Cat, the Ram, the Hare 
And many more. One lost his life,. 
One lacks an ear, and one his wife. 380 

Then tell me pray, on what pretence 
T am to pardon his offence." 

" 'T is not his innocence we plead ; 
(Said she) ; as friends we intercede." 
The King stept back into the hall, 385 

Where Reynard's Kinsmen, great and small, 
Their cousin to support, were met. 
He found, they were a num'rous set ; 
But full as many in the hall 
Did not befriend the Fox at all. 390 

" Reynard, (said he), how did you dare, 
To kill my messenger, the Hare ? 
And to induce the silly Ram, 
To bring her head here for a sham ? 
For nothing else was in the sack, 395 

Which Simple carried on his back." 



150 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT III. 

"Alas ! (said Reynard), woe betide me! 
I wish the grave did long since hide me. 
But if .to hear me you consent, 
I trust you'll find me innocent. 400 

The Ram, that thief and murderer, 
Hath robb'd me of a treasure, Sir, 
The like of which could not be found, 
If you walk'd all the World around. 
These treasures, which I did intend 40') 

To send to you, caus'd Pussy's end, 
Whom Simple on the road did slay. 
And with the jewels made away. 
Oh ! that we could but find them out ; 
But this I have no hopes about." 410 

" If they are but above the ground 
(Said Pry), I hope they will be found. 
Pray tell us of what kind they were, 
And we'll search for them every where." 

" All labor will in vain be spent, 415 

(Quoth he) ; they are so excellent. 
That their possessors for their heart, 
Would not consent with them to part. 
If this affair is told my wife, 

It will occasion endless strife ; 420 

For she by no means would consent, 
That by the Ram they should be sent. 
Here I am doom'd to lose my time, 
Though innocent of any crime; 



CANTO III.] THZ ADVOCACY. 151 

But if from hence I get away, 425 

Through every Country I will stray, 
And though my life it were to cost, 
I'll try to find what I have lost." 



PART IV. 
CANTO I. THE SECOND PARDOX. 



A UGUMKNT. 

A long account we now shall hear, 
Which Reynard gave of jewels dear, 
A precious Mirror, Comb and King, 
Sent by him to the Queen anil King. 
The Kins to him his p-.irdon grants, 
At which the angry Growler rants. 
He will not hear of a discharge, 
Till Keynard answers to his charge. 

T)ERMIT me, for my consolation. 

JL (Quoth Reynard), in a short relation, 
To tell my friends how rich and dear 
The jewels were which I sent hereVV 
And which you never did receive." "> 

" Make haste, (said Noble) you have leave." 

" The first (quoth Reynard) was a Ring, 
To be presented to the King. 
Of precious things it was compos'd, 
And hidden powers it inclos'd ; 10 

[152] 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 153 

For on the inside (please to know) 

Some words enamel'd it did show, 

Which to explain nobody knew, 

But Abram Treves, a German Jew, 

Who could all foreign Lingo's prate 15 

From Gravesend up to Billingsgate ; 

And beside that, he was expert 

In every deep and magic art. 

To him this Ring I once did show. 

' Maishter, (quoth he), I let you know, 20 

Dis is a varry vondrous Ring ; 

I never saw more curioush ting, 

Be vords which are in lashure set, 

Were brought from Paradise by Sheth. 

Tree names are dere in Hebrew written ; 25 

Deir owner never can be shmitten 

Vith foul disease ; from magic spell 

And tuuder it secures him well ; 

He can't be shtarv'd by heat or cold. 

And tousaud yearsh he may grow old." 30 

The Ring inclos'd a curious stone, 
Which bright like any lantern shone ; 
Carbuncle I believe, 't is hight, 
It blaz'd like flaming coal at night, 
And -strangest virtues it possess'd : 35 

Those who by sickness were oppress'd, 
If they but touch'd this wondrous stone, 
Their pain was in a moment gone. 



154 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART TV. 

Whoever wore it on his hand, 

Could walk on seas as on dry land ; 40 

From fire he nothing had to fear ; 

His enemies durst not come near, 

For like the Gorgon shield in fight, 

It screen'd him by its dazzling light ; 

And if attack'd by whole battalions, 45 

He could drub them like tatterdemalions, 

Nor pois'nous draft, nor magic charm 

Could kill him, nor could do him harm. 

If any one to hurt him strove, 

It chang'd his hatred into love. 50 

In short I never should have done, 

Telling the virtues of this stone. 

I did select it from my treasure, 

Because I thought 't would give you pleasure, 

And that nobody but our King, 55 

Deserv'd to wear this precious thing. 

You are the Noblest of us all, 

And so may good luck you befall, 

As it was with a pure intent, 

That I to you this jewel sent. GO 

A^Comb_ And Mirror should have been 
Delivered to our gracious Queen. 
My Liege, I am asham'd to say, 
That with my wife I had a fray, 
Because it griev'd her very heart, 65 

With those two fav'rite toys to part. 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 155 

Xow they are lost to all intent, 

And what I'm left most to lament, 

Is that they were not even seen, 

Or heard of by our noble Queen, 70 

Who, whilst you were so much offended, 

To plead for me hath condescended. 

The Comb, with golden wire inlaid, 
Of bone of Civet-cat was made. 
This wild Cat of a curious kind 75 

On Indian plains we only find. 
All other Creatures love it well, 
On account of its balmy smell. 
This odour, when the beast expires, 
Into the bones of it retires, 80 

"Which from corruption it preserves ; 
Its dung too for perfume oft serves. 
Of such a bone (as I have said) 
The Comb was beautifully made, 
And with amazing art and cost 85 

With half-rais'd work it was emboss'd. 

There you could see the famous story 
Of Paris, in his days of glory, 
When three Goddesses for a whim, 
Came down to be review'd by him. 90 

For Juno, Jove's majestic Dame, 
Pallas, his daughter of known fame, 
And sea-born Venus, Queen of love, 
To claim a golden Apple strove ; 



156 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

But as they never could agree, 95 

They now to him repair'd all three. . , 

The Fairest was to have the fruit, 

And he was to decide their suit. 

Sir Paris thought the case too nice, 

To be determin'd in a trice, 100 

And ere he ventur'd to decide, 

He took them one by one aside. 

" I'm sure (said Juno with an air), 
Your eyes must see that I'm most fair ; 
But to reward you for your pain, 105 

Great riches you for me shall gain." 

" Give me the apple with" good grace, 
(Quoth Pallas with a prudish face). 
You know, 't is not a haughty air, 
But prudence, which adorns the Fair. 110 

Then if to me you give my due, 
Wisdom and pow'r I'll grant to you." 

" Let not (said Venus with a smile) 
Or pow'r, or riches you beguile. 
Your father Priam is a King, 115 

Who hath enough of every thing; 
And as to warfare and such pother, 
You have got Hector for a brother, 
On whom in wars you can rely, 
And all your enemies defy. 120 

If in my favour you decide, 
I shall present you with a bride 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 157 

Most lovely, Menelaus's Dame 
Of Greece ; fair Helen is her name. 
She's handsome, of the noblest race, 125 

Endow'd with beauty and with grace ; 
And you'll allow that such a wife 
Will be the blessing of your life. 
Take her and give the prize to me" 
" Here 't is with all my heart," said he. 130 

\[enus_made good to him her word, 
And help'd him, from her Grecian Lord 
To steal fair Helen, and with joy 
He carried off his bride to Troy. 

All this did on my Comb appear, 135 

And was with labels made more clear ; 
For at the foot of each fair Dame 
You read her speech, and eke her name. 

The Mirror was the last and best, 
By much excelling all the rest. 140 

A Beryl serv'd instead of glass. 
It show'd all things which came to pass, 
Within a dozen miles around. 
Besides, if any one was found, 
Who on his eye a speck had got, 145 

Or in his face a pimpled spot, 
\ peep into this glass was sure 
To prove an instantaneous cure. 
The frame, in which the. Mirror stood, 
Was of the choicest Shittim-wood. 150 



158 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

No worms this fragrant wood attack, 

Nor is it apt to warp and crack, 

Aiid therefore 't is not to be sold 

For less, than its own weight in gold. 

Like Ebony 't is black and bright, loo 

Solid and firm bnt wondrous light, 

And of the same wood, (so 't is said) 

That famous saddle-horse was made, 

On which with Magellona fair 

Count Peter canter'd through the air. 160 

This frame was carv'd most curiously : 

Each part displayed some history, 

Or fable, which below was told, 

In letters cast of purest gold. 

The first partition show'd a Nag, 165 

Who to a Hind betray'd a Stag. 
It was the swiftness of the Hart, 
Which kindled envy in his heart ; 
He therefore went and told the Hind : 
" Get on my back, and we shall find 170 

A mighty Stag in yonder grounds, 
As fat, as e'er was chas'd by hounds. 
I'll take you to the copse anon, 
And you shall get nice venison." 

The Hind did mount and off they went, 175 
And of the Stag they soon got scent ; 
The hounds him follow'd in full cry ; 
The Stag o'er hill and dale did fly. 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PAKDON. 159 

And being vigorous and strong, 

The chase was troublesome and long. 180 

The horse was almost tir'd to death. 

" Pray, let me take a little breath, 

(He said), or else you'll break my wind." 

"Not I, forsooth, (replied the Hind). 
T was you, who led me on this chase ; 185 

Then feel my spurs, and mend your pace." 

So Envy, while on harm 't is bent, 
Contrives oft its own punishment. 

The fable of the Dog and Ass 
Stood next upon my Looking- Glass. 190 

One Master they serv'd both together; 
The Lap-Dog slept on beds of feather ; 
At dinner with his Lord he sat, 
And fed on nicest meat and fat ; 
His master on his lap oft took liim, 195 

And there he'd feed and kiss and stroke him ; 
For which the Dog did never fail 
To lick his hand, and wag his tail. 
The Ass, who oft of this took notice, 
Thought to himself : " I don't know how 't is, 200 
This little, lazy, puny whelp 
Hath leave to wheedle, fawn and yelp, 
And teaze his master, while poor I 
Am left to fret and mortify. 

I'm sure, my master, with a score 205 

Of whelps like this, could do no more 



160 REYNARD THK FOX. [PART IV. 

In twelve months time, than I alone 

In single weeks have often done. 

He feasts on sweetbreads and on gristles, 

While I must live on fern and thistles, 210 

And whilst he snores in sloth secure, 

The beating tempest I endure ; 

Nay, saucy boys around me flock, 

And make of me a laughing-stock. 

In troth, this will no longer do; 215 

I'll win my master's favour too." 

By chance his master came along ; 
Jack Ass inton'd his fav'rite song, 
And with a loud : " Y-aw, y-aw," 
lie leapt on him and lick'd his jaw, 220 

And wagg'd his tail about his ears, 
Till from his eyes he drew the tears. 
The master, all in ra"ge and pain, 
Call'd out, to have the bumpkin slain ; 
On which the servants came out all, 225 

And cudgel'd him into his stall, 
Where he remain'd just what he was. 

And so sometimes a two-legg'd Ass 
Men of high rank and manners apes, 
By awkward bows and lowly scrapes, 230 

Till, by meanness or by chance, 
To place or pension he advance ; 
But then the dignity he wears, 
As sows would jewels in their ears. 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDOX. 161 

Then let all Asses drudge away, 235 

And feed on thistles and on hay ; 
For when they 're rais'd to rank and place. 
Their Country faces it disgrace. 

If y'are not tir'd to hear me prate, 
Another^story I'll relate, 240 

Which on the mirror was engrav'd 
How "Gfi5 once to my Sire behav'd. 
They both together took a walk, 
And after various friendly talk 
They made a solemn league, and swore 245 

That they would separate no more, 
And that, if huntsmen came to chase them, 
Together they would stand, and face them. 

Too soon they heard the dreadful whoop 
Of hunters, coming in a troop, 250 

, And as the hounds did louder yelp, 
Gib, all aghast, cried out for help. 
My father told him : " Take a heart, 
And my whole budget I'll impart ; 
But mind your promise to be true, 255 

And stand by me, as I'll by you." 

Gib said : " Be all that as it may, 
I know but of one single way, 
Which from the hounds can rescue me." 
He nimbly climb'd upon a tree, 260 

And left my Sire, to stand the brunt 
Of hounds in cry and whooping hunt, 
ll 



1 62 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

While lie look'd on and said : " To ope 

Your budget, you have now full scope." 

The hunt came up and horns did sound, 265 

To cheer the rider, horse and hound. 

My father for his life did run, 

The greedy beagles for to shun ; 

He eas'd himself by breaking wind 

And shooting ballast from behind, 270 

Until his den with great effort 

He reach'd, and got safe into port. 

Thus by the friend he was betray'd, 
On whom he most relied for aid ; 
And many people in that way 275 

A friend in danger will betray. 

The fourth partition did contain 
A story of the Wolf and Crane. 
It show'd, how meanly Growler paid 
A surgeon for his timely aid. * 280 

Whilst he was roving o'er a ground, 
The carcase of a horse he found ; 
The Ravens had not left him much, 
But still his appetite was such, 
That he the very bones would suck, 285 

Of which one in his gullet stuck. 
He was much for his life in fear, 
And sent for surgeons far and near. 
If any body could relieve him 
(Said he), great treasures he would give him. 290 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 163 

The Crane to him his service proffer'd, 
To whom a great reward he offer'd. 
He thrust his bill into his throat, 
And with some pain the bone came out. 

" You bungler, (cried the Wolf), how sore 295 
You've made my throat ! Do so no more, 
Or else be sure, I'll make you rue ; 
For oncf., Sir, I will pardon you." 

" Nay, I've achiev'd the cure, (said he), 
And should be glad to touch my fee." 300 

"Your fee ! (cried Growler) ; are you mad? 
'T is I, who all the pain have had ; 
If one of us can claim a fee, 
'T is due to nobody but me, 

For calmly letting you withdraw 305 

Your head unhurt out of my jaw." 

AH rogues in this ungrateful way 
Past services are wont to pay. 

These stories, which I have related, 
Were on the Mirror amply stated 310 

In words and figures. I confess, 
I was not worthy to possess 
This precious jewel. When I sent it, 
I to the Queen wish'd to present it. 
It griv'd my little Rankey's heart, 315 

When with it he was forc'd to part ; 
For he before it skipp'd about, 
And wagg'd his tail, and primm'd his snout. 



1 64 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

I never thought, that Pussy's end 

The sending of it should portend; 320 

For better friends, I do declare, 

I knew not, than the Ram and Hare, 

Or else I would not by them both 

Have sent such precious things, in troth. 

But I'm determined, Sir, to know 325 

What is become of them, I vow ; 

For theft and murder will come out, 

However they may lurk about ; 

And may be, some here present are, 

Wflo could best tell, who kill'd the Hare. 330 

My Liege, I don't pretend, a King 
Should recollect each trifling thing ; 
Or else you possibly might know 
What zeal my father once did show 
To yours, when he was very ill, 335 

And got well, through my father's skill ; 
For although you are pleas'd to say, 
We serv'd you ne'er in any way, 
My father in his time was known 
To be with yours in great renown. 340 

He vied with any Leech, for curing 
Men's ills, by looking at their urine. 
May be, you never have been told 
(For you were 'then but few months old) 
How your Sire lay so sick a-bed, 345 

That with a tea-spoon he was fed. 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 165 

Physicians from all parts were come, 

From Berlin, Edinburgh and Rome ; 

But howsoe'er they cupp'd and blister'd, 

And purg'd and vomited and clyster'd, 35t) 

It grew worse with him every day, 

Until my father came this way, 

Who found him almost without breath, 

Complaining, he was sick to death. 

" My Liege, to save you (said my Sire) 355 
I should be ready to expire ; 
Pray, make your water in a Glass." 
The King did so, weak as he was. 

His head at first my father shook, 
When at the urine he did look. 360 

One thing (he said at last) we'll try ; 
But it must be done instantly, 
Else in a few hours you'll be dead, 
Because your water looks quite red. 

But a Wolf's liver, six years old, 365 

May save you, if you eat it cold." 

The Wolf, who was standing near, . 
Was much perplex'd. " Pray, did you hear 
(Your father said) what here we want ? 
Your liver you to us must grant." 370 

The Wolf exclaim'd : " Upon my word, 
I'm not yet five years old, My Lord." 

" That will appear (my Sire replied) 
Soon as your liver we have tried." 



166 REYNARD THE POX. [PART IV. 

In short, however he did quiver 375 

And quake, he could not save his liver, 
Your father ate it, and anon 
He felt that all his pain was gone. 
The King then call'd my father Sir 
And did great praise on him confer ; 380 

He made him wear a Doctor's hood, 
And high in his esteem he stood. 

Past services are now forgot, 
Since Knaves have trust and favour got, 
Who nought for right and justice care, 385 

But only mind their own affair, 
Nay, King and Country, for the sake 
Of interest, they will forsake, 
Just like the Wolf, who did not care, 
His liver to the King to spare ; 390 

For what 's begot of sordid seed, 
Nfer aims at an heroic deed" 

" This tale (said Noble), which you tell 
Of your late Sire, sounds mighty well. 
But if such service he hath done, 395 

It must be many years agone ; 
Past my remembrance it must be, 
Nor was it ever told to me ; 
But as to your exploits, I own, 
Much less of them I wish were known. 400 

If it is all -a false report, 
For- your sake I am sorry for 't ; 



CAHTO I.} THE SECOXD PARDON. 167 

But little good we hear of you." 
" Report doth not of me speak true, 

(Quoth Reynard), and I hope you '11 own, 405 

That to Yourself my zeal I 've shown ; 

Nor do I, Sir, presume to boast : 

AH merit is in duty lost. 

You '11 recollect that heretofore 

Growler and I once caught a boar. 410 

Perchance, as You were passing by 

Whilst we kill'd him, you heard his cry ; 

You came and said, that with the Queen 

A hunting you had likewise been, 

But having had a wretched day, 415 

You wish'd to share with us our prey. 

Growler, who was not fond of this, 

Between his teeth did mumble : " Ye s " ; 

But I with hearty glee call'd out : 

" My Liege, pi'ay, who shall help about ? 420 

Though we have but this single Boar, 

You are as welcome, as if 't were more." 

" Let Growler cut up," You replied. 
With this he seem'd well satisfied ; 

A quarter he dealt out to You, 425 

And to the Queen a quarter too, 

The rest he all devour'd alone, 

And scarcely left for me a bone. 

When you your pittance of the Boar 

Had eat, you wish'd for something more, 430 



168 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

But Growler little minded it, 

And did not offer you a bit ; 

For which you hit him such a blow, 

That down his cheeks the gore did flow. 

" Henceforth learn better to divide 435 

(You said), or I shall taw your hide. 

Be gone, and get us more to eat." 

" I'll go with Kim, if you think 't meet," 
Said I, and you said : " Yes, you may." 

Growler had rather wish'd to stay, 440 

For full of blood was all his face, 
And howling be began the chase; 
But soon a fine fat fawn we caught, 
Which made you smile, when it was brought. 
You told me, that in case of need 445 

I knew well, how to hunt with speed, 
And you bade me divide the booty. 

" One half (said I) is Yours in duty, 
The other to the Queen belongs, 
And to your young-ones heart and lungs ; 450 
The head to Growler, (for 't is sweet), 
And I'm contented with the feet." 
You ask'd : " Who taught you this, sly varlet ? " 

u Yon Doctor with his cap of scarlet, 
(Said I) ; from him I learn'd to know, 455 

How to distribute Fawn, or Sow." 

So Growler's gluttony brought shame 
On him. With all Wolves 't is the same ; 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 169 

If their advantage they can find, 

Nor law, nor justice they will mind. 460 

Woe to the City and the Land, 

Where Wolves have got the upperhand ! 

This single case I'll only mention, 
My Liege, to prove my good intention, 
And that I can with truth profess, 465 

That all is Yours, which I possess. 
If you think of the Fawn and Boar, 
You'll judge, which of us loves you more ; 
And yet to Growler and to Brown 
The greatest honours now are shown, 470 

And Reynard guilty must appeal', 
While You his plea refuse to hear. 
I am accus'd, but I repeat it, 
Whate'er my fate may be, I'll meet it. 
If I deserve to be reprov'd. 475 

Let it by witnesses be prov'd, 
Or else let my antagonists 
Meet me, like Men, in open lists, 
And let each party for the sake 
Of justice, life and honour stake. 480 

This, Sir, is what the Laws command, 
And, what in justice I denland." 

Quoth Noble : " Never be it said, 
That I the course of Justice stay'd. 
Reynard hath been accus'd ('t is true), 485 

That Puss feloniously he slew, 



170 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT IV. 

And when the Ram brought us her head, 

It griev'd me much, that she was dead. 

But since none of us here can tell 

Through whom this hard fate her befell, 490 

To Reynard We forgive the past, 

In hopes, that he'll prove true at last. 

If other people will complain, 

Redress by Law they shall obtain, 

If witnesses of good report 495 

Can prove the' facts in open Court." 

Quoth Reynard : " Many thanks to You, 
My Liege, for giving me my due. 
For I declare upon my oath, 

To part with Pussey, I was loth, 500 

Though I did not suspect at all, 
That such a fate would her befall." 

Thus Reynard did with artful speech 
All who were present, overreach ; 
He made them swallow every thing 505 

About his Mirror, Comb and Ringi_ 
And thinking that his tale was true, 
They pitied and consol'd him too. 
The King, desirous to obtain 

These precious toys, could not refrain 510 

From telling him : " Pray, do not fret ; 
Your jewels you again may get ; 
You have my leave, to range about 
Through all my Realm, to find them out, 



CANTO I.] THE SECOND PARDON. 171 

And -my support shall not be wanting." 515 

You are too kind, (said Reynard, canting) ; 

If you'll take vengeance for the theft 

And mimler, to me be it left, 

To use all diligence and care, 

At once t' explore this dark affair. 520 

To You I shall but for support 

In case of greatest need resort, 

Although it is my firm intent, 

To you those jewels to present, 

And if by good luck I succeed, 525 

It will give joy to me, indeed." 

The King, much pleas'd, gave full belief 

To the intriguing, lying thief, 

Who free permission did obtain, 

To stroll about through his domain. 530 

But Growler grew exceeding wroth. 

" I am (said he) surpris'd in troth, 

That you this wicked rogue believ'd, 

By whom you've been so oft deceiv'd. 

He is made up of tricks and lies, 535 

And cheats you still before your eyes. 

But ere he goes you'll hear and see, 
He'll not come off so cheap with me. 

Three* things I have against him still ; 

Let him deny them if he will, 540 

But he shall not go out of Court, 

Though I must even fight him for 't. 



172 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT IT. 

" There should be witnesses," you say ; 

But where is oue to take them, pray ? 

The artful Knave is much too sly, 545 

T* offend, when witnesses are by ; 

And when he talks, there is no scope 

For any one, his mouth to ope. 

His friendship hath done good to none; 

For he hates you and every one ; 550 

But he shall not stir from the spot, 

Till I revenge on him have got." 



CANTO II. THE DEFIANCE. 



ARGUMENT. 

Growler complains, that once his wife 
For Reynard's sake near lost her life. 
Surly relates, how in a well 
For him a sacrifice she fell. 
Reynard these charges both denies, 
And calls them calumnies and lies. 
The wolf declares, that they must fight, 
To try, who 's wrong, and who is right. 



' ri^HIS fox (quoth Growler), I protest, 

-- Is an arch villain, at the best. 
He oft hath wroug'd me in my life, 
And brought disgrace upon my wife. 
Once to a mill-pond he did lead her, 5 

And through the mud to wade, he .bid her. 
He told her : " If you'll get a pail 
Of finest trout, hang out your tail, 
And you'll get more in half an hour, 
Than in six meals you can devour." 10 

[173] 



174 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

When she had waded through the mud, 

Till in the deepest mire she stood, 

The villain bade her, to hang out 

Her tail, to catch her dish of trout. 

It was just in the winter-season, 15 

And by degrees the ice did freeze on 

Her tail, until she felt at last, 

That in the ice it stuck quite fast ; 

But thinking it was with the weight 

Of th' fish, she pull'd with all her might. 20 

Reynard perceiving this, alas ! 

I'm loth to tell what next did pass : 

The rascal came and ravish'd her, 

While she, poor creature, could not stir. 

This I defy him to deny ; 25 

For while I happen'd to pass by, 

I caught him in the flagrant act, 

Which almost made me run distract. 

I cried : " Vile rogue, what dost thou there ? " 

The villain, seeing I was near, 30 

Took to his heels and ran away ; 

I came in hurry and dismay, 

And was forc'd, through the mud to wade, 

And in cold water long to bathe, 

Ere I my suff'ring wife could rescue, 35 

And free from bondage her distress'd cue ; 

Nor did I quite succeed at last, 

For near one third of it stuck fast 



CANTO H.] THE DEFIANCE. 175 

In th' ice. My wife began to bawl, 

And rais'd the peasants, great and small, 40 

Who in the mill-pond soon espied us, 

And most unmercifully plied us. 

'T was at great hazard, that my wife 

And I at last could save our life, 

For, what with cudgels, prongs and flails, 45 

With broomsticks, pokers, tongs and pails, 

Both men and women charg'd us home. 

' Look here, (they said), these thieves are come, 

To steal our Ewes and Lambs away ; 

Let us the daring robbers slay." 50 

'T was our good luck that night came on, 

Or else we should have been undone. 

We to the pond again did brush, 

And hid ourselves among the rush ; 

On which the peasants ceas'd th' attack, 55 

And cursing us, they all fell back. 

My Liege, he must not for this rape 

A severe punishment escape." 

" We heard you, (quoth King Noble) pray 
Let's see what Reynard hath to say." 60 

" My Liege, (quoth he), if this was true, 
I durst not show my face to You.. 
I to a pond have show'd her once, 
But, what with th' dulness of her sconce, 
What with her eagerness, the route 65 

She kept not, which I pointed out. 



176 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT IT 

Besides, she loiter'd, till at last 

Her tail did in the ice stick fast. 

If she in time had pull'd it out, 

She would have got her fill of trout. 70 

To him, who drinks till the last sip, 

The cruse-lid on his nose will slip, 

And those, who are for ever craving, 

Are apt to lose, by dint of saving. 

So Surly with her covetousness 75 

Did bring herself into distress. 

Look now, what thanks from them I got, 

That to assist her, I did trot. 

I did my best to drag her out ; 

But she's so heavy and so stout, 80 

That all my labour was in vain. 

Then Growler came and bawl'd amain ; 

A thief and ravisher he call'd me, 

And I must own, his wrath appall'd me ; 

He rav'd and ranted, curs'd and swore, 85 

And with his claws the ground he tore. 

When two dogs fight about their prey, 

One of them must give up the fray ; 

Therefore I had no mind to stay, 

And wisely took myself away. 90 

His fury did not even cease, 

When he his wife came to release, 

And till this very day You see 

What spiteful grudge he bears to me. 



CANTO II.] THE DEFIANCE. 177 

If by the Clowns they were pursued, 95 

I'm apt to think it did them good, 

Because it kept them both in breath, 

Or else they had been chill'd to death. 

This is however their affair, 

And little for it do I care ; 100 

But Growler ought to be asham'd, 

On his own wife to cast a blame. 

Ask her ; she can best answer You, 

And would complain, if he spoke true." 

" Reynard (said Surly), you are sly ; 105 

You scruple not to tell a lie, 
And to turn matters with such art, 
As to make other people smart. 
Of this a story I can tell : 

One night I found you in a well ; 110 

The rope had buckets at each end, 
In one of which you did descend, 
But never could get up again. 
I heard you cry with fear and pain, 
And came to ask, what was the matter. 115 

You soon began to feign and flatter ; 
" If you are fond of eating fish 
' (You said), here you can have your wish. 
A bucket you above will find, 

If to come down you have a mind. 120 

I such a copious meal did make, 
That I have got the belly-ache." 

12 



178 REYNARD THE FOX. [PABT IV. 

I stept in, and to my surprise, 
As I went down, I saw you rise. 
I ask'd you how this came to pass. 125 

You answer'd : " So it always was, 
When fools are going down, the wise 
At their expence are seen to rise" 

When you got out, you ran away, 
And I was left there all the day ; 130 

A Clown descried me in the well, 
And to his friends he ran, to tell : 
" The Wolf, who steals our lambs and sheep, 
Is got into a draw-well deep ; 

If you will come and pull him out, 135 

We'll treat him with a cudgel-bout." 
It was most pityful to see, 
How they did taw and curry me ; 
I never felt so hot a day, 
And narrowly I got away."- 140 

Quoth Reynard : " 'T was, because I knew, 
It would be better to leave you, 
Than get myself into the scrape ; 
Because we could not both escape. 
Besides it serv'd to caution you, 145 

Well to discern, what's false or true, 
And to beware with whom you treat. 
The world is full of sly deceit." 

Quoth Growler : " This is but too true ; 
I've been so oft deceiv'd by you, 150 



CANTO II.] THE DEFIANCE. 179 

That I can not relate it all. 

The foulest hap did me befall, 

When to the monkies once you led me, 

Who worried and almost flay'd me. 

The she-ape was a monstrous beast, 155 

And foul and filthy was her nest. 

You call'd her Aunt, to take me in, 

And make the monster tear my skin. 

I thought, I was got into hell, 

And made all haste, to come off well." 1 60 

Here Reynard interrupted him 
And said : " It is a curious whim, 
Or Growler is a Jackanapes, 
To talk of monkies and of apes. 
It may be now three years ago, 165 

When on his grand-tour he would go ; 
I was with him when he did prance 
And play._the Nobleman in France, 
Till his last guinea he had spent. 
One day to the Baboons we went. 170 

Those Baboons are not of our Kin, 
Nor was it to take Growler in, 
That I the She-Baboon call'd Aunt; 
But knowing that she lik'd to vaunt, 
I thus my speech chose to preface 175 

Merely to captivate her Grace ; 
Or else she might be hang'd for me, 
For a most ugly bitch is she. 



180 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT IV. 

Along a by-road we did stroll, 

When we discover'd a deep hole. 180 

Growler began his old complaint, 

That he with hunger was quite faint ; 

I said : " The Owner of this cave 

Some store of meat, perhaps may have ; 

If that's the case, we of his fare 185 

Should try to come in for a share." 

Quoth he: "Well Reynard, go in, pray; 
Meantime below this tree I'll stay. 
You are more elocfuent than I, 
And you know best how to apply. 190 

If you find that there is good cheer, 
Come back and let me know it here." 

I went, although I plainly saw 
That he used me for a Cat's paw ; 
But when I came in, I must own, 195 

I almost fell into a swoon ; 
For there I with a hideous set 
Of fierce and ugly monsters met, 
And I was forc'd to creep along 
At bo-peep through the filthy throng, 200 

Till I came to their dam at last. 
I found her laying in her nest ; 
Wide was her mouth, her tooth and nail 
Were sharp, and long her daggling tail. 
I thought she was the devil's dam, 205 

And all aghast, I call'd her Ma'am. 



CANTO II.] THE DEFIANCE. 181 

And Aunt, and any thing, for fear ; 

For her young black-guards too drew near ; 

They were as uncouth as their mother, 

And chatter'd loud and made a pother; 210 

Up to their ears in rotten hay 

And in their own dung they did lay ; 

She was as tall as Growler is ; , 

Some of her whelps were not much less. 

I was alone among this crew, 215 

And to tell truths there, would not do. 

I therefore feign'd as if I knew her, 

And very courtly went up to her. 

" Dear Aunt, (said I), I'm glad to see 
You and your pretty family. 220 

What sprightly children you have got ! 
They look like a King's sons, I wot, 
And very much like you they are. 
If I had known that here you Avere, 
Long since I should have call'd on you, 225 

To see how my young cousins do." 
She readily took up the cue, 
And feign'd, as if full well she knew 
That I a nephew was to her. 

" Be welcome here (said she), good Sir. 230 

To see my nephew, gives me pleasure, 
And for my children 't is a treasure ; 
For with your kind advice, they will 
In manners be improving still." 



182 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

So I was for a well-tim'd word, 235 

Receiv'd with open arms, My Lord, 
And yet I long'd to get away ; 
But she said : " No Sir, you must stay, 
And of pot-luck must take a part, 
Ere we allow you to depart." 240 

This said, the table soon was fraught 
With choicest victuals, which she brought, 
Of wild-fowl, venison and cake ; 
God knows where she all this did take. 
Thus I sat down and eat my fill, 245 

And she at parting, gave me still 
A dainty haunch, and told me : " Pray, 
Take this for luncheon on your way, 
And let us see you soon again." 

I promis'd it, but I was fain 250 

To take my leave, for with the smell 
Her den, I thought, was worse than hell. 
To Growler I ran back apace, 
And found him laying in the place, 
Where I had left him. " Pray, what cheer ? " 255 
Said I. Quoth he : " 'T goes very queer ; 
I am with hunger fairly spent." 

My Knapsack I of course unbent, 
And with the haunch I had receiv'd, 
I from his hunger him reliev'd. 260 

He thank'd me then for the boon ; 
But he forgot my kindness soon. 



CANTO 11.] THE DEFIANCE. 183 



When he had done, he said : " Pray, now 

I wish that you would let me know 

Who 't is, that lives beneath this hill, 265 

And how you found it, well or ill." 

I told him plainly, that the nest 
Was foul and filthy, at the best ; 
But that there was good store of meat, 
And if he would go in and eat, 270 

Above all things I would advise, 
To hold his tongue, if he was wise. 
For those, who are for ever bent 
On censuring, must oft repent, 

And they are oft obliged to fast, 275 

While others get a good repast. 
This I exhorted him to mind, 
If he a dinner wish'd to find. 
I caution'd him, to take great care, 
Of illtim'd meddling to beware ; 280 

If he, neglecting what I said, 
Hath for his petulance been paid, 
I'm sure it was his fault, not mine, 
At which he was left to repine. 
But fools are known, to have this vice, 285 

That they will never take advice, 
And" Growler, in his stubborn way, 
Scorn'd to take mine and trudg'd away. 

When to the Baboon's nest he came, 
And saw the young-ones and the Dame, 290 



184 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 



lie, startled at their ugly features, 

Call'd out : " Lorx^what hideous creatures ! 

Do they belong to you ? pray tell ; 

Or were these imps spit out by hell ? 

If they were mine, I would not own them, 295 

But rather tuck them up, or drown them." 

" Pray, who the devil sent you here, 
(Cried the baboon), to interfere ? 
What bus'ness, you rude clown, have you, . 
Thus to rail at my little crew ? 300 

Reynard, Sir, I can let you know, 
Thinks well of them. He said just now 
That they were well behav'd, and fit, 
At a King's table for to sit. 

He call'd them cousins, and did love them ; 305 
If you 've a meaner notion of them, 
Nobody, Sir, call'd for you here, 
Nor your opinion wants to hear." 

He still call'd rudely for some meat. 
"Make haste, (he said), I want to eat. 310 

'T is better, you give it to me, 
Than to these Elves, whoso they be." 
He of their victuals would lay hold, 
But they seiz'd on him, young and old ; 
They bit and scratch'd, and tore his skin, 315 

Till he in haste ran out again. 
In a sad plight he did appear, 
For in the fray he lost an ear, 



CANTO II.] THE DEFIANCE. 185 

And look'd all bloody and uncouth. 

I ask'd : " Didjrou_blab_outhe trutkL" .-- 32 

He said: "I spoke just as I found it, 
And for this I was sorely wounded ; 
But if the cursed bitch was here, 
She should pay for it very dear. 
Her brats look'd like some imps from hell, 325 
Which I could not forbear to tell, 
When in such fury they seiz'd on me, 
That they had very nigh undone me." 

" How foolishly (said I) you did ! 
Was 't this, you had by me been bid ? 330 

I told you, you should strive to cozen 
The beldam, and should call her Cousin, 
And friendly ask her : " How d'ye do 
With all your charming little crew ? " 

" The dev'l I would say so, (quoth he) ; 335 
They are no Cousins, fit for me, 
And ere for such they shall be own'd, 
I'll sooner see them hang'd or drown'd." 

Thus all was owing, as You see, 
To his misconduct, not to me. 340 

The truth of this, he best can tell, 
For he must recollect it well." 

The Wolf at last to him replied : 
" Reynard, it matters not to chide ; 
W_e^mustjlecide by_single fight^ 345 

Which of us two is wrong, or right. 



186 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

You talk about the monkey's nest, 

Pretending that by hunger press'd, 

By you I kindly was reliev'd. 

A bone was all that I receiv'd, 350 

From which the meat was all gnaw'd off. 

You only say this for a scoff; 

You oft have slanderM and abus'd me, 

And have before the King accus'd me 

Of trait' rous schemes against his life. 355 

You 'ye ravish'd and betray/d my wife;. 

You told the King a heap of lies 

Of treasures hid, and precious toys. 

With all those misdeeds old and new, 

I charge you and will fight with you. 360 

A battle you with me must wage, 

And life for life we must engage. 

My glove I here throw on the ground : 

w __L-C! 

To take it up, Sir, you are bound. 

My Liege, and Lords, before you all 365 

To single Combat I him call. 
Don't suffer him to sneak away, 
Till you decide, who wins the day." 

Reynard was in no pleasant mood, 
To go and venture life and good. 370 

This Wolf (thought he) is stout and tall, 
And I, though nimble, am but small ; 
But one advantage I have got, 
Else all my tricks would go to pot ; 



CANTO EL] THE DEFIANCE. 187 

He can not hurt me with his claws, 375 

Of which I lately stripp'd his paws, 

And though he may pluck up a heart, 

I think he still must feel the smart. 

" Growler, (said he), you tell a lie, 

And all your charges I deny ; 380 

To meet you I am not afraid ; 

I only for your challenge stay'd. 

A pledge I will deposit here, 

That I to-morrow -shall appear." 

The King the pledges did receive, 385 

And granting to the Parties leave, 
He order'd them both to give bail, 
To meet next moi-ning without fail. 
For Growler, Gib and Brown the bear 
Were sureties, that he should appear, 390 

And Gray the badger, .did with Maynard 
The monkey's son, give bail for Reynard. 

Now mistress Pry to Reynard said : 
" My friend, you need not be afraid ; 
My husband, ere he went to Rome, 395 

Left me his pocket-book at home, 
In which a prayer he did write 
For those, who are about to fight. 
An" Abbot, who esteem'd him much, 
Gave it to him ; its pow'r is such, 400 

That any one, for whom 't is read 
Ere breakfast, (so the Abbot said), 



188 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

Is sure that nobody can slay, 

Or deadly wound him on that day. 

This pray'r I'll say for you to-morrow ; 405 

Then send away all care and sorrow." 

He thank'd her, and she made him shear 
From back and belly all his hair ; 
This done, she carefully rubb'd in 
Much grease and oil into his skin. 410 

" To-morrow morning, when you rise 
(Said she), to tirink much, I advise; 
But keep your water, while you are here, 
And when before the lists you appear, 
Void all of it into your tail, 415 

And it will serve you without fail. 
First you must run against the wind, 
And where the thickest dust you find ; 
He will pursue you ; then you mu.* 
Endeavor to kick up the dust, 420 

And with your tail his eyes must hit, 
And you will blind him soon with it. 
Meantime you now should go to sleep, 
And we strict watch for you shall keep ; 
But first of all I will with speed 425 

The holy prayer for you read : 
Gaude, Abra Cadabara, 
Hocus pocus, Beth Abara. 
Now Reynard, with this pow'rful spell 
You are from hurt secur'd full well.". 430 



CANTO n.] THE DEFIANCE. 189 

Reynard lay down, and was next day 
Wak'd by the Otter and by Gray. 
A goose they brought for his repast, 
And cheerfully he broke his fast. 
This done, all those who did befriend him, 435 
Came into the lists t' attend him. 



CANTO III. THE BATTLE. 



ARGUMENT. 

A bloody battle now ensues ; 
The Wolf at first the Fox pursues, 
Who teases him with cunning flight, 
And almost rob's him of his sight. 
Stout Growler next, wlien nearly slain, 
Gets th' upperhnnd of him again. 
Reynard at last once more assails him, 
And Growler's prowess nought avails him. 

"YYTHEN Reynard came along, the King 
' T Could not refrain from simpering. 

Reynard, (thought he), thou artful Knave, 

Who taught thee thus to grease and shave ? 

Thou art a cunning rogue indeed ; 5 

I long to see how thou wilt speed. 
Reynard now bent to him his knee, 

And paid the Queen his courtesy ; 

With seeming unconcerned face, 

Before the lists he took his place, 10 

[190] 



CANTO IH.] THE BATTLE. 191 

Where Growler and his friends he found. 

The trumpets then began to sound, 
And next the Wardens did appear, 
And call'd the Champions forth to swear. 
Growler advauc'd ; his oath to take ; 15 

He swore that Reynard was a rake, 
A murd'rer and a treach'rous wight, 
For. which assertion he would fight. 

Then Reynard in his turn did swear, 
That Growler was a perjurer; 20 

To prove his charge he did defy him, 
Because he basely did belie him. 

The Wardens then admonish'd both, 
To fight with honour and good troth. 
This being done, the lists were clear'd, 25 

Where both the Combatants appear'd. 

Once more did Pry the Fox remind 
Of what she erst to him enjoin'd. 

" I know (said he) you mean it well, 
And for your comfort let me tell 30 

That this is not the first adventure, 
In which my limbs and neck I venture ; 
And as to this vile caitiff here, 
I am not much of him in fear ; 
I shall come off with victory 35 

And honour to my family." 

The Combatants with equal rage 
And fury now began t' engage. 



192 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

The Wolf, by dint of strength and art, 

Attack'd the Fox with leap and start; 40 

But Reynard, being shrewd and light, 

Avoided him by cunning flight, 

And while he ran he did not fail 

To water well his rugged tail. 

When Growler meant to hold him fast, 45 

He nimbly veer'd about at last, 

And with his tail the dust and dirt 

He full into his face did flirt. 

Whilst Growler rubb'd his eyes with pain, 

Reynard his flirts renew'd again, 50 

Till Growler was quite spent at last, 

And by the throat he held him fast. 

" Sir Wolf, (he said), if heretofore 

Poor lambs and kids you oft have tore, 

It is high time now to repent, 55 

Before your last breath you have spent, 

And with contrition to behave, 

If you would wish your soul to save." 

In this provoking style he spoke, 
Striving his enemy to choke ; 60 

But Growler was for him too strong, 
And broke loose from his hold ere long ; 
Though ere he got out of his jaws, 
Reynard gall'd him with teeth and claws ; 
One of his eyes was almost out, 65 

And streams of blood ran down his snout. 



CANTO HI.] THE BATTLE. 193 

As soon as he his blood did view, 
At Reynard in a rage he flew ; 
He got him under, and his paw 
He seiz'd, and held it in his jaw. 70 

" You caitiff, your last hour is come, . 
(Said he), and you'll meet with your doom. 
It shall not avail you now, to shear, 
To flirt, kick up a dust and smear. 
I'll make you pay for all your lies, 75 

And for the damage of my eyes." 

Now .Reynard was in great distress ; 
He thought t' himself: If I confess, 
I am a dead man ; and if not, 
Death ne'ertheless will be my Lot. 80 

But howsoever this may fall, 
I have deserv'd it after all. 

" Dear Cousin, (said he), be not wroth, 
For what hath pass'd, I'm very loth ; 
Take for your fine all that I have ; 85 

Nay, send me to the holy grave, 
Or if you bid me I will roam 
For you to Compostell and Rome ; 
I'll take my oath that I'll be true 
In all eternity to you ; 90 

Your slave and vassal I will be, 
And so shall all my clan with me. 
Whatever I may catch of game, 
I'll bring to you and to your Dame ; 
13 



194: REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

Of geese and ducks of fowl and fish, 95 

You'll daily get the nicest dish ; 

I'll watch for you and for your wife, 

That no one shall attempt your life. 

I am deem'd shrewd and you are stout ; 

So we can help each other out ; 100 

For with your strength and with my skill, 

Wo must prevail where'er we will. 

Besides, we are so near a-kin, 

That hurting me would be great sin. 

Nay, if I could have waiv'd this fight, * 105 

It would have been my great delight. 

But although forc'd against my will, 

I in the battle spar'd you still. 

You would have been much worse annoy'd, 

If all my skill I had employ'd. 110 

Great harm as yet hath not been done ; 

I hope your eye is not quite gone, 

And if I can I do assure you, 

I'll do my very best to cure you. 

Nay, if it turns out otherwise, 115 

Some good of it will still arise ; 

For 't will be saving pains to you, 

To shut one window and not two, 

I offer you another thing : 

Here, in the presence of the King, 120 

My wife and both my sons shall pay 
Obeisance to you, and shall pray, 



CAXTO III.] THE BATTLE. 1 95 

That for their sake you would forgive 

Their Sire, and suffer him to live. 

I'm ready also to declare, 125 

That basely I the truth did spare ; 

That I belied and cheated you, 

Though nothing bad of you I knew. 

I do not know what greater offer, 

I to the King himself could proffer. 130 

My life is in your hands, 't is true, 

But pray, what good will 't do to you, 

To kill me ? You 'd have cause to fear 

All my relations, far and near. 

You are too prudent and too wise, 135 

And know too well yourself t' advise, 

While you can gain for better ends, 

A set of true and constant friends. 

To me 't is much the same, God wot, 

If you will kill me now or not." 140 

" Don't take me, Sir, for such a goose 
(Quoth Growler), as to let you loose. 
If you could give a World of gold, 
I would not now let go my hold. 
Too oft you 've broke your oath before, 145 

And I shall trust your words no more. 
I should not get from you a straw 
If I was to release your paw. 
As to your friends, I do not care ; 
Let them offend me, if they dare. 150 



196 REYNARD THE FOX. [PART IV. 

Look out pray, for some other fool, 

You thief, to make of him your tool. 

You say you spar'd me ? 'T is a lie. 

Have you not robb'd me of an eye ? 

Aud did you leave me but to fetch 155 

Your breath, a moment's time, you wretch ? 

No, 't were the greatest blame for me 

To grant you life and liberty ; 

For more than once you to my wife 

And me have forfeited your life." 160 

Whilst Growler kept hold of the paw, 
Sly Reynard with his other claw 
Seiz'd him in such a tender part, 
That it made Growler howl with smart, 
And forc'd him soon to ope his jaw, 1 65 

And to let go th' imprison'd paw. 
Reynard now tugg'd and pull'd and tore, 
And made the Wolf spit blood and gore ; 
He brought him senseless to the ground, 
And dragg'd him through the lists around. 170 

When this his wife and friends perceiv'd, 
They were much terrified and griev'd ; 
They pray'd the King to use his right, 
And to suspend the bloody fight. 

The King took their request to heart, 175 

And bade the Champions straight to part, 
To whom the Leopard and the Ounce, 
As Wardens, did his will announce. 



CANTO III.] THE BATTLE. 197 

" Reynard, (they said), the King has sent, 

To let you know 't is his intent 180 

To put an end to all your strife. 

He bids you to spare Growler's life ; 

For 't would be pity 'after all, 

If either of you both should fall. 

Meantime all who are present say, 185 

That you at last have won the day." 

" I'm glad, you tell me 'this ; I thank ye 
And will obey the King, (quoth Rankey). 
To win the day was all I wanted. 
I only beg, that leave be granted 190 

To all my friends here, to declare 
What they may think about th' affair." 

They all call'd out with one accord : 
" We wish that you obey our Lord." 
And straight about him they did crowd, 195 

And came to wish him joy aloud. 
E'en those, who lately did complain, 
Strove most, his favour now to gain, 
And brought their wives and daughters in, 
To claim the honour of his Kin. 200 

While fortune smiles, the World is kind. 
And friends and flatterers we find; 
But soon, as wealth and pow'r decay, 
Both friends and flatterers skulk away. 
So Reynard's friends, when he had won 205 

The day, their fairest face put on ; 



198 REYNARD Til 3 FOX. [PART IV. 

With fifes and drums they made a levy, 

And call'd upon him to be merry. 

" In troth you fought it well (they said) ; 

At first we rather were afraid, 210 

You would be worsted ; but with glee 

We saw you gain the victory, 

And we admir'd your skill and wit." 

" It was indeed a lucky hit," 

Said he. The Wardens of the Ring 215 

Came to present him to the King. 
" Reynard, (quoth Noble), We must say 
That in the end you won the day. 
You stand acquitted of the Charge, 
And from all fines We you discharge ; 220 

The rest we shall consult about, 
As soon as Growler can go out ; 
Meantime it ought to satisfy ye, 
That We adjourn it sine die" 

" My Liege, (quoth Reynard), I abide 225 

By what You graciously decide. 
I've been accus'd by many here, 
With whom I ne'er did interfere ; 
But they would call out : " Crucify ! " 
As soon as Growler rais'd a cry. 230 

They knew he held a better place, 
Than I of late in your good Grace ; 
No one durst venture to control him, 
But all were eager to cajole him, 



CANTO III.l THE BATTLE. 1 99 

And therefore, whether right or wrong, 235 

They with the current went along. 

They those hungry Dogs resembled, 

Who at a kitchen-door assembled 

In hopes of meeting with a treat. 

A Cur had stole a joint of meat, 240 

And though the scullion with a pail 

Of boiling lees bedew'd his tail, 

He did not lose hold of his prey, 

Which in his mouth he brought away. 

When this his comrades saw, they all 245 

With one accord began to call : 

" What joint this Cur hath got, pray look ! 

He must have made friends with the Cook." 

" Yes, (said the Cur), fine friends indeed! 
You talk so while you see the meat ; 250 

But if you look at me behind, 
May be you soon will change your mind." 

They look'd, and when they saw how bald 
His back and tail were with the scald, 
Away they hurried every one, 255 

And left the scalded Cur alone. 

Just so at last the Greedy speed ; 
They don't want friends whilst they succeed, 
For every one looks for a share, 
Or pittance of the dainty fare, 260 

While those who dare t' oppose their wishes, 
Get nothing of the loaves and fishes ; 



200 RETXARD THE FOX. [PART IT. 

But to the tail they never look, 

Till they are scalded by the Cook ; 

For seldom they maintain their place, 265 

But are turn'd out with great disgrace. 

This, Sir, shall never be my case ; 

I'll strive to merit your good Grace, 

And use my wit for noble ends, 

To gain applause from foes and friends." 270 

" No more of this, (the King replied) ; 
I'm with your promise satisfied, 
And therefore I again restore 
A Baron's rights t' you as before ; 
But while with pow'r We you invest, 27o 

Take care to use it for the best. 
If you are wise in your deport, 
You will be useful to the Court ; 
For with the keenness of your wit, 
The nicest points you know to hit. 280 

I will hear no complaints of you, 
As long as you are good and true ; 
You shall be Chancellor of State, 
And shall preside at each debate ; 
And all our Subjects shall abide 28o 

By what you order and decide." 

Thus Reynard first became so great 
In Court and City, Church and State, 
That whatsoe'er he doth, in spite 
Of rhyme or reason, must be right. 290 



CAXTO III-l THE BATTLE. 201 

Meantime poor wounded Growler lay 
Stretch 'd on. the ground in great dismay. 
His Wife and Children, Gib and Brown, 
Came forth in dumps, and much cast down, 
And on a barrow strew'd with hay, 295 

They gently carried him away. 
The Surgeons came, his wounds to see, 
Of which they counted twenty three, 
Which having dress'd, they rubb'd a dose 
Of powder'd herbs into his nose, 300 

To make him sneeze, and with a draught 
They made him purge, both fore and aft. 
This done they did assure his Wife, 
There was no danger for his life. 
He tried to take a little rest, ' 305 

35ut was with grief too much oppress'd ; 
For Reynard had so sorely gall'd him, 
That pain and anguish quite appall'd him. 

Reynard now went, and begg'd the King, 
To grant him leave for travelling, 310 

His Wife and Children to relieve, 
Who for his absence much would grieve. 

King Noble granted his request, 
And only bid him do his best 

Soon to return to Court again. 315 

He promis'd it, and with a train 
Of friends and clients he set out, 
And proudly wagg'd his tail about. 



202 REYNARD THE FOX. [PAKT IV. 

Full many there are now-a-days, 
Who get preferr'd by Reynard's ways. 320 

Red beards they do not always show ; 
But that they 're deep ones all Men know. 
He now return'd to Malpertouse, 
Where we shall leave him with his Spouse, 
Relating to her what had pass'd : 325 

How he had beat the Wolf at last, 
And had regain'd the Kings good grace, 
Who rais'd him to the highest place. 

Here ends the Fable. Our intent 
Was to amuse you, while we meant 330 

To show, what th' adage says of old : 
That, Wit is better far than Gold. 



THE END. 




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