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BRITAIN, irith IS Maps, 39 FlauB and a Puionms, 
1 Kdltion. 1901. la marki. 

>N AND ITS ENVIBONS. with 4 Hava and 24 PUnl- 

jlRLAKD, with 65 Maps, U PUni and 11 FftnoramnB. 
.Dtieth Bdltlon. 1903. 8 muki. 

J, OF CONVERSATION, in four languaKU. 9 wk.. 


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'Qo, little book, Qod send thae good pMSSge, 
And BpedUlf let this be thy pnjere 
Unto them ill that thae-wUl laid or heu, 
Where fiiov art wrong, aftM theii help to call, 
Thee to correct in any part or all.' 



Ilie chief olyeet of the H&ndbook for the Rbine ii to 
supply the traveller with Buoh information as will render 
him as nearly as poBeible independent of hotel-keepers, 
commissionDures, and ^ides, and thsB enable him the 
more tboronghly to enjoy and apprenate tbb objects «f 
interest he meete with on hi« tonr. 

The Handbook is baaed almost entirely npon tfae per- 
.s^HiSl . i^fierTatiaB o^ t^oi.^ditor, and tlie eoantry de- 
fieti)^^^,^iu.ji^im repeatedlf (jtfplored by bim w^ a 
^ew to pSIvire the Uteet pocwblv iofwnation ; but, as 
.changes are cpnstantly taking plaoB, ha will highly appre- 
ciate any oommuiucalioBs with which trarellers may 
kindly favour him, if the, result of their own esperienee. 
Tliow already reoeived htm nnmeroas eorresponddnta, 
which he gratefully acknowledge? , have in many cases 
proved most serviceable. 

The present edition, which corresponds with the 29th 
in German and the 17th in French, has been thoronghly 
revised and bronght np to date. For tiie article oi 
Rhenish Art the Editor is indebted to the late I^■ofmor 
Anton Springer of Leipslc. 

. The Maps and ^ass, on which special care has 
been bestowed , will often render material service to the 
traveller, and enable him at a glance to ascertain his 
bearings and select the best routes. 

Time Tabulb. Information regarding trains, steam- 
boats, aad diligences is most tmstwortby when obtEuned 
from local sources. The beat Gennan publications of 
tiie kind are 'ffendacheFa Telegraph' {2 jt] , published 
at Frankfort on the Main, and issued monthly during 
Oie snmmer season, and the ' Racht-Kurabue^ [1 Jt) , 
published at Berlin, issued eight times a year. 

Heights are given in English feet (1 Engl. ft. ^^=1 
0,3048 mitre], Dibtakces in English miles [except in the 
case of monntiun-exciiraisjta,.^!^!^^ time the; occupy 


is given as more convenient), and the Populatioiis !n 
accordance with the most recent census. 

Hotels. The Editor has endeavoured t» enumerate, 
not only the firat-elass hotels , but others also of more 
modest pretensions, which may be safely selected by the 
'voyageur en garden' , with little sacrifice of comfort 
and great saving of expenditure. Although changes fre- 
quently take place, and prices generally have an upward 
t«ndency, the average charges stated in the Handbook 
will enisle the traveller to form a fair estimate of his prob- 
able expenditnte. It is advisable to ascertain the charge 
for rooms in advance. The asterisks indicate those hotels 
which the Editor has reason to believe to be provided 
with the comforts and conveniences expected in an np- 
to-date establishment, and also to be well managed and 
with a reasonable scale of charges. Houses of a more 
modest character, when good'of their class, are described 
as 'fair' or 'very fair'. At the same time he does not 
doubt that comfortable quarters may often be obtained at 
inns which be has not recommended or even mentioned. 

The Editor regrets Uiat he is unable to answer all 
commnnications. To hotel-proprietors, tradesmen, and 
others he begs to intimate that a character for fair deal- 
ing and courtesy towards travellers forms the sole pass- 
port to his commendation , and that advertisements of 
every kind are strictly exclnded from his Handbooks, 


K. =1000, hdU; L. = IdbcIicod, ll^bt; B. ^brukfut; D. :::dillliec) 
8. s mppBTi A. = ntlendiHice 1 rfmta. = refresbmciitat nens. = pentlou 
((.«. bowi mnd lodging). — H. = north, norlhem, ete.: S. = soqIS, etc.; 
K. = aut, ole.1 W. = WMt, elc. — r. = rieht; 1. = laft. — K. = English 

mUoi tl. = Engl. fool. « = mirk; pf. = pfennigi fr. = franci e. = 

CBilliiie. — br. = hour; mlo. = mlonte. — CiTT, = UTTfaee; omo. = 
onmibas. — cb. = circa, abont. — Oonip. = oompate. 

The 1bU« d wllb a ittt, otKr (he nirae of & perion, IndiuUa lh« 
jeti of hl» donth. The nnniber of fesl riieo atlar tbe namo of a place in- 
dieslSB its heigbl above llio wa.l«»el. The namber of mile* placed b*> 
fon ttio principal placet on tailway-nmlei and highroads generally Indl- 
aatai their Uatanis froa the starting-point of tbe ronte. 

Aatarlaka are Died ai mark* of commendation. v>|i.' 


I. Laagaage lUl 

II. Honey. Tisielllng Expenses . ■. illl 

ni. FisspoTts. Cngtom Bouee xit 

lY. RoDtee fiom London to the Rhine lit 

V. Railways it 

ri. Steamboats. Fall, Brudth, Lejigth, and Depth of 

the Rhine nl 

V]I. Walking Eiouraions x-dR 

VIII, Cycling Notes i->iil 

U. Hotels lii 

X. Climate. Orape Cure ir 

XI. Wines of the Rhine and Moselle xii 

XII. Rhenish Art iiiv 

1. From Braasels. to Cologne 1 

EnTlroiis of Ali-Ia-Chapelle, 13. — From Aii-la-Chapelle to 
Malma^, tS. — The ValleT of the Ron. Nideggen. Helm- 
back. ^mDUren iDNenuand loJiilloli, 1&. From Hotrem 
to Liblar and Amein, 16. 

2. Fiom Rotterdam to Cologne 16 

From OberliuiBBn to Bnbrort, 19. — BDVironi of Diisaaldarf. 
From Hultaelm to Oladbaih, Benlberg, Knd Immskepptl, 3S. 

3. Cologne 28 

4. From Cologne to Neuss (Duaatldorf), Crefeld, and Cle^c , 55 

FrnmNenea to Obercassel (DflMeldorf), M. — From Guth to 

and to" Calcar, ds. 

5. From Alx-ls-Chapeile to Dusseldorf Tit Oladbach .... 60 

SchloBO Dyck, SO. 

6. From Gladbacli to Crefeld, Duisburg, and Ewen .... 61 

FrotD Vienea to Veolo (Flusblng, Rotterdam, Maagtricht), Bi. 
_ From Visnen lo Han vil (Jrefeld. Rhelnberg, 61, ii. 

7. From Cologne to Elberfeld and Hagen 62 

Frnm Opladen In Lfinnep, Alteobe^, «t. — From Oblies to 
SoliDEsn and Vobwiakel. Kalser-Wllbelm-Bruckt, 63. — 
From BlberfeM lo Diiflaeldorf, 66. 

8. From Cologne to Frantfort via Glessen 65 

9. The Rhine from Cologne to Cobleni 68 

Buall Quarriea of Dattenberg and tbe Hinderbei^, 73. — 
Prom Ssnwifd to Monrepoa and Altwled, 77. 

10. From Coblenz to Cologne. Railway Joumey 78 

11. Ftom Cologne (DmM to Ehrenbteltatein (Cobienx) ... 81 

From EuBen to Sierahalm, B3. 

12. Bonn 84 

13. The Seven Mountains (SUbengcbirgt) 91 

14. Valley of the Ah r 97 

KsMelinnr-Thal and DennibaJ, Arembsre, 101. — Uohe Acbt. 
Kflrbut, 103. 

BouM Piga 

15. From AndeTDich and from BniU to the Lwchet See . . 103 

16. Goblenz anij Its EavlronB 105 

17. The Rhine from Cohlenz to Miyence 112 

From Branbich to KMUtlen, lU. — Alte Barg, nur Bnp- 
- From Boppard to BnKtrai' 
i, liij. — Duiucumciu. DviiiTeiier-TlKJ, 120. -~ Reicheo- 
. From St. Goaribisien to ZoUbaos vli. Nutitten, lal. 

bseh, 118. — Spitit 

SchiKiibscfa, iii. — The Sauerbarg. HorgcBbich- 

^boie, 130. — Walk In tbe KheinKsn, 1£-. 

bingen, 183. — HaUgarten. Kberbach anil the Steinliere, 

ISS, lU. — Klfldricti. GriLfanberg. Sch»feDBte[D, 130. 

(8. The Nledenrald J36 

19. From Coblenz to Mayence. Railway on the Left Bank . 139 

20. From Goblenz to Wiesbaden. Schlangenbad uid Sehwal- 

bacb. Railway on the Bight Bank 140 

Fram Eltvills la SchlugeDbad, U2. — From Bchlaogenbad 
lo Wiesbaden. From Wi«bidan to Schwalbach and Llm- 
bnrg, US. 

21. Wiesbaden 146 

22. Mayence 164 

23. From BingerbrQcb to Krenznach, SaarbTBcken, and Metz 165 

Prom Krenmacb (o (he Qau, BbelngnftnilelB, and HQnatsr 
am Stein, 168. - Ebembnrg. Botlienfala. Allenbaumbnrg. 
Lemberg. From Knninach (a Wallbauaen and la Wiutcp- 
bnrg, les. — From Uangter am Stein to Katseralantem, 
170 —From Gtaudemhdm to Melaentaelm. ScbloM Dbann, 
ni. - Idar, 112. — Hnnnenring, Tbelej, 173. — Hefgbta 
of Spieheren. 81. Amnal, IT*. — The Battle Fields near 
Meu, m. — From Heti to Pagny, 179. 

24. From Saarbriioken to Treves, and thenoe to Lmembonrg 

and Uetz 180 

Monlclair. The Clef. Caatel. The ElaoB, 181. 

35. From Coblenz to Treves by the Moselle and by liallway 190 
Bhrenburg. Miliuler-Maifeia. SohloM Eltt, 1B2, 183. — 
From Alf to Berlrlcb. 198. — Badelbeck. Falkenlel, 19T. — 
From Piinderith to Traben-Trarhacb, 197. — From Wenge- 
Mbr lo Beraeutel, 198. ~ KauUnbach - Thai. WUdhad 
Trarbach. Bad Wllditaln, 19ft. — Tiefenbach-Tbal, 901. 

26. The Voleanlc Eifel 203 

a. Raiiiray from Cologne to Treves 202 

From EosklTchen lo Dliren, lo Bonn, and to MaiKtereUel. 
From Call lo Hellenthal, 203. — From HUleabetm to Adenan, 

901. — From Qerolgtein to Frilm and St. Titb and to Dann, 
Xe. - Flieuem and Bltburg, X». 

b. Bailway from Andemach to Mayen and Oerolstein . 207 
From Eaiaeraeicb to Cochem. Webrbdsch. Warih, 208. 

c. Walk ftom Dann to Eyllhnrg vil Oillenfeld and 

Manderacheid 209 

From Dann (0 Handeriebeld, 210. — Betlanfeld. Ueeifalder 

77. Ftom Coblenz to Wetzlar. Ems and the Valley of the Lahn 212 
EicDiaions fron Edu, 216. — From Llmbnrg to Au and lo 
AltonkirckcB. Haehenbvg, 219.— Wallthal. Bwmr«ls, 320. 

0OITTEHT8. tx 

Bonta Pan 

28. Frankfort 221 

Fran Franktort to HajeDoe, SSS. 

39. TheTianns 240 

>. Tannns Railvay from Fnnkfoit to Outel (Mayenet) 
and Wieabadan 240 

b. From Frankfort to HomboTg 241 

Tba Saallmri. 3U. — From Bonibari to Utiagen, Stfl. 

c. From Frankfort to Cionberg or Eonlgetein. Feldberg 246 

d. Ftom Frankfort to Soden 247 

Vtom Soden (o Cronberg and to EBnieiteio, 318. 

e. From Frankfort to Eppstein and Llmbcrg 248 

ThcBouert. Fiielibich-Tlul. Neu-WeUnan. Al(-WeilBan,349. 

30. From Frankfort oi Mayence to Mannheim and Heidelberg 260 

a. TIeL Lampertbeim to Hannhetm (Carlimlie] .... 250 

b, VU Darmstadt to Heidelberg and Hannheim .... 250 
FroiQ Dirmstadl to Worms and to Manakeim, 364. -^ Vton 
Blekenbach to JugeDlieim ud Beebeiin. The MEliboaus, 30^, 

lAnch, Wa. — s'tukcDbnrg, 3BT. — Prom Welnbelm to 
Bddelberg and ta HaDohalm, 2ST, 3^8. 

31. The Odenwald 268 

a. VeiteiD Portion. Felsberg. Undenfels. From Vein' 

helm to Ffirtb 268 

From Lladeafeli la Hsppenbolm aod to Fflrth. From 
Biirlcnbadi to W&Umlclielbaob. Tha Tromm, 361. 

b. Eastern Portion. Odenirald Railway 262 

From Belnheim to Bslchelsbeim, 202. — From NIobelilalt 

' to Amorbseb. Hiltenberf, and AscbaSsiibarg, 383, 361. 

32. Heidelberg and the Valley of the Neckar 284 

From Heidelberg to Sobwetdngen and Speyer 276 

dS. ManDhelm and Ladvigghafen 276 

From Maanlieiiii to Carlsmbe, 279. 

34. Fiom Mayenee to Ludwigahafen (Mannbelm). 'WormB . 279 

35. From Bingen or Hayence Tit Alzey to Kaiaenlaatem, 

Wonna, ot Nenfltadt 286 

Tba DoDDBTsttsre, 3BS. — From Oriiiiatadl to Blsembsri. 
Abbar of Limburg. Hartsabarg, 3ST. — HeldenmsBsr, 2S3. 

36. From Lndwigshafen to Wetsaenburg and Strasabarg . . 288 

Environs of Veaatadl, Hiftcdt. FromysiiBtadt to tbe Max- 
bnrg,2BB.— Qlaiiwflller.KUngeninlinH«,J90.— BorgiibBm. 
Oelabeig, 291. — Wortb, 293. 

37. From Mannheim (Lndwigabafen) to Neanklrehen . . . 293 

Ftodi EalserslaTitera to Staudembebn. From Ijmdetiibl lo 
Euse), SU. — From Hamburg to Zweibriickcn, 290. 

38. From Lndirigahafen to Speyei, Lanteibnig, and Straesbarg 295 

From QermerBheim to Lundau, 298. 

39. FMinLandantoZwaibrBcken.TheVasseBofthePalattDate 299 

Flnnaaena From ZvefbrikckeB to Saarbriktkcn aad to Siar- 
(smiUd, 900. 

40. Straasbnrg 302 

From StniabDtg to Kehl and to OoImB, >U- 


Koat* P>e< 

41. From Str«seburglo SuibTQoksnf'Jirirlt; 814 

43. From Sti&aaborg to Hetz Tit Ssirslben or tU Saarbuig . 315 
Fioni Obcrmodem to Zkbern, SIG — Prom Surbarg lo 
SurfBiBtiiid I U AlbenchwaDer; U Hmc;, S18. 

The N. Vosges Mts 318 

43. From Straasburg to Bile 320 

Bulnuktt, 379. — From Bollweiler to BDiiabelm, 3S4. — From 
HUlbBoaeu to HflUhelm Ind to Bclfsrt, SSB. — From SI. 
Ludwig to LsopoMabohe. Hunineui, 336. 

44. The CeiitrsI ■nd Upper VoBgea Mta 326 

I. The Central Vosgee Mts 327 

a. From Zabetn to Molaheim. Wangenburg. Snhneeberg 327 

b. From StruBbnrg to Saalea. Brenschtbal. Donon . 323 
From Bc.blrmeck to Hobwsld. 339. — From Rotbaa to 
Hobwald, saO. 

c. FramMoUheimtaSchlett»tadt.OdilieDbiirg.HDhirald 332 
n. The Upper or High Vosges Mta 336 

>. From SBhlett»i»dt to Marklroh. Hoh-Konigsbvcg. 

RappoltBveller 336 

From Harklrch 10 Rappoltsweilsr. The Brimatri, 83T. — 

b. The Welasthal. The Weisse 8ae and Sehwarze See. 
Relabetg 341 

c. From Colmir to Mnnater and Metient. The Schlacht 344 

From Tnrklielm to Drei *;ii«n, 3U. — Aacenl of thf Kible 
Wwen from Hiinaier aod LotHnbacb, 341}. B16. — HahTi''ck. 
FromUctieraltotbeOrOMeBelcheD. Bolhenbnchkopf,34T. 

d. From Botlweiler to Lantenbach. Oroese Belcben . 347 
Unibach AbbBT, SIS. 

e. From Mfllhauaen to WoMerling 349 

From St. Amirin to Kasmmuter, 350. 

f. From 9ennhe1iQ to Sewen. Welacbe Belch en . ■ ■ 3ul 

45. From Beldelberg to Baden 352 

From Brocb.>al lo GermerslieiiB , SB. — From DorUob 
lo Ptonbeim and WUdbad, KS. — Tram Cartarube lo 
Landan, 361. 

46. Baden and Environs 362 

47. FTom Baden to Frefbnrg and Mle 374 

to Kehl and Strassbure, 316. — From DingUngpn to Lihr, 
im-'Laad, ett., 38,1, 384. — From Freibui^ to Colmir, 314. 

48. The Blank Forest rOuehy o/'Badm; 386 

a. From GarlEruho and Ettllngen or from (lemsbach to 
Herrenalb 388 

b. From Btihl throDgh the Buhler-Thal to the SandfPlattig) 
and Enndaeck, and to Allerheilfgen via the Hotnli- 

grinde and the Robiteln 389 

QBrtelbaeh-acblueht^ B89. — Badeon Hohe. Mebliakopf 
Boba_Odueukop[, ml. 

c. The Muigtbol from lUstatt to B&letsbionn, tnd thence 
to Freudenstadt. Fioni SobBninuDiach to the Homis- 
grinde 391 

From B4den to Ferbub direct and to Hercanwias, 903. 

d. From Achera vil Ottenhoren to the Rahetein or Aller- 

hfliligen 395 

From RmppelrodMtk to AlterbBiUgen. From Ottenhefen to 
AllcrbeiliBCD, 369. — The Botbe SchliSkopf. From Allei^ 
belllgen to Oppensu, 696. - From Allerheillgen to Slppoldim 

OTer the Kniebb, SST. 

B. From Appenwetei to Oppenaa tnd the Batbs in the 

Benchthal 397 

FrOD Likberbrrg to Zell Tit Htrmerebach or Nordrub, 
388. — From Peteratbal to Sclipbach Mil Antoiest. From 
Orlubicb la Rippoldsiu. HoUwiilder fiiihe, 3^. 

t. SchwBTzwald Railway from Oflenbuig to Conetanee . 400 
Hooathann, WO. — From BibeMcb to Lahr. Hohen-Gerolds- 
eck, IM, — Allhornberg. From Romberg to ElMch ADd 
Schramberf, MO. — From Triberg to Homberg via tbe Alt- 
borobErg »Bd to Elmob rii Scbocaob, W3, — Prom 81. 
Qeorgtn to Tribcrg, tOl. — From DDniuescMneen to Fut- 
wugen. 105. 

g. From n«iie«Gh to Freadenstsdt vli ScMltsch. Rlp- 

poldsaD 406 

From tbe KIOMerle to FreadBnatadl. From BcbilUcb to 
Schiamberg, lOT. 

h. From Triberg to the Simon swalder-Thal (WsIdtSich) 

»li Fnrtwangen 409 

Tha Brand, 409. — From Fortvrangen to Waldan. Zwari- 
bacb Fall, AlO. 

i, Waldkltcb andtheElzthal Ill 

k. HSllenthU Rdiwar ftom Freiburg to Donaueecblngen. 

Faldbe^ 412 

From Klrcbiarten to St. Hugen and to Todlnau. From 
HImmelretch toSt. MiirgeD, US. — Hoabntck Salg. Hoch- 
llrit. Watnatannliobe. FriadenireilaT, A15. 
I. From Titisee lo Schlachiee and St Biaslen .... 419 
From Schlnchiee to Thiangen, 430. 
m. Badenweiler sndBnTlrons. Bilrgeln. Bliuen . . . . 420 
Kai'dan, and Ibeace lo Hiltlngan, 123. 

n. From Bsdenweiler to the Belchen, and through the 

Hflnster-Thsl lo Staofen 434 

From Schonan and Itom Bad Sulabnrg to (he Belchan, 134. 

— From SUufeii to rtienfeld in tbe Wiuan-Tbal, ^». 

0. The Wlesen-Thal and the 'Strategic Line' 426 

From LBrracb to Leopold -hiibe, 137. 
p. The Wehra-Thal and Albthal 428 

From Bt. Blaiien lo SclilDcbgee end lo Todtmooa, 130. 
49. ProiD Bile to Conetanee vii SchaJIbauaen 431 

From -Waldlboltolmmendingeo. Tba Scblilclil-Tbal, 483. 

— Tba FaUa or tba Bbine, 434. — BobeDtwiel, 4SB. — 
Tbe Island of BeicbcnaD, 4EB. 

Index 437 


ILHT MiP OF THi Lowu Shdh, from Ali-la-OhftpdlB ibiI Coloine 
to Tnilo ud Dortmnnd: RB. ^ 2, 4-9 ) p. U. 

I. 9, 10, 11) e. a 
i. S, ID, 11, U, 

i p. TO. 

B. The ■ 

7. Tbe Ehtibohi or tbi LuOHn Smt; B. IBi p. 101. 

B. The Rhibe nan CoBUin n Bibqib: BR. 18, IT, H, 30, ^, STj 

J. iia. 

S. Th« KUTiBDKi or Woymot B. IT: p. IIB. 

10. The B«TiB(m OF 9i. Goim: B. 17= p. 119. 

U. The W. T.OBm asd Bhiiksad : BB. IT, 19, «!( p. 158, 

la. The Nmbbiw^id: B. 18; p. 1B8. 

13. The BsTTMBs OF KBKnimoH: K. 23) p. IBS, 

11. TUB Nahbthai.; B. SB; p, IBS. _ 

IB. Thg Vallii OF 7^1 SuB'Mb 4*r'>r<'<:l'<'> *o trinf. B.23, p. 1T3. 
«, The BMTmoBs»j(»)ra;«.,aSt*il|»( ■II. r 

tt. The MoiBtLi: ftG. 21, E6iB.„I^ V ^Vr -(W ■ 

- 19.^TM VQL«*B.a Bifbl: B. 28, p. 2ar " 
X. Th« Ehvibohb or Dihn *hd Uabdbbicbiid : B. Xt P- 308. 
at. Tli9 Ebtibomb of Emi: E. 2Ti p. 213. 

a. Tic V1U.BT OF THB I.1BK: B. ZI; p. !1B. 

23. ThB TiDNni: B. 29i p. aid. 

34. The Fbldhibq in the^aunua and Ihe Ehtikobs or Hohbukq^ B, 3S| 

p. ai6. 
2G. Th« BiBsiTBAin ABD OcinriLD , K. 31, p. 2fiS, 
2e. The E. Odii'Iuld: B. 31b, p. 203. 

2S. Msp of b'sehisb Hbsbb; BR. 31, 3S, p. ^. 

29. The EMviBOMe of HiDBTun: E. 36: P. 2-8. 

30. The Bhbmhh PiuiiBiTB : BB. 36, 3^ 3T, 39, 11 , p. !M. 

31. The NOBTBBBIC VOBOBB Mtb. : BB. 12, 11 1. ; p. 318. 

32. Tbe Cbhtbal Vosobb Mm.: RB. UI., Ull.; p. SSI. 
S3. The Sotttbbbh Voisbb Htb.: B. Ull.i p. 810. 

31. The EsviBOBi of Badbh: B, 18; p. 388. 
30. The Ebtiboni of Fbuidbd: E. IT, p. ^3. 

"" ~ " ~ "" 1. (Murethul), EB.M,1T, 18i-d, p. 388. 

: B. ISd, 1 — 

10. The Buck FoBsaT 

BE. IT, 131 

11. The Fbldibbo bie^ 

12. Tbe BLtci Fobbst, 

13. The Shtieohs dt B 

3BB: E. ISd, p. 396. 

. (Kinile-TbelJ: RB, IT, lBd-|i 

t. IBf, p. "" 

1. (Fielbi 

I. ISk, p. 1 
V. (Son then 

Flfuu of Towni. 

Oablbrdhe, p. 331, Clbtb, p. 6S\ Ooblbhi, wiih BdtIfohb, 
HAB, p. B^( COLOOBB, p. 28; Cbbtbui, p. S7 , DuliaTlDT. 
BDBO-EDHBOBI, p. 19, DfiBiBLDOBF, p. 30, Elsbbfbld, p. 81. 
p. 223; C>*TT.EOFHBiDELBEBa. p.2es, Uanbhiik. p. 2TB: Ha< 
JiBTi, p. ITS: MCLUAnBEH, p. iU; Sfbtbb. p. 3W: Stbabbi 

TBtTM, p. lS3i WllUADBX, p. lUl WOBH, p. SSI. 


I. Langoagtt. 

A Blight toqaUDtuice yilth Genaan la indiipanuble for thoss 
who desire to explore the mora lemote parti of the Rheniah 
Provincea. Tourlals who do not doTiate from the beaten track will 
generally Bad English or Fisoch apoken at the principal hotels and 
the uaaal reaorta of stisngeni; bat if they ate entirely ignoiant of 
the langaage they mnst be piepsied occaaionally to aabmit. to the 
extortlona practised by porters, cab-dTivera, and othera of a Ilka 
elau, which even the data famlahed by the Handbook wiU not 
always enable them to avoid. 

n. Mon»y. Travelling Expense!. 

HoNBT. The Qermsn mark (.if), which is nearly eqalvUwit to 
the Engllah ahilling, is divided into lOO pfennigs. Banknotes of 5, 
30, and 50 JK aie iiaaed by the German Imperial Bank ('DeuUeke 
BtiiAibank'J, and others of 100, 5O0, and 1000 Jl by the Imperial 
Bank and by twelve other banks which poieess the privilege. The 
ouiieQt gold coins are pieces of 10 and of 20 marks, the Intrtnsie 
value of which ia somewhat lower than that of the Engllah half- 
soTcieign and (oierelgn (If. being worth aboat 20 .# 43 pf.). The 
paper currency la of the same value as the preeions metals. The 
silver ootna are pieces of 6, 3 (the old dollar), 2,1, and '/j mark 
(50 pf.). In nickel there are coina of 10 and 6 pfennigs, and in 
copper there are pieces of 1 and 1 pfennig. 

English sovereigns and banknotes may be eichanged at all the 
principal towns in Germany, and napoleons are also favourably 
received (20 fr. = ISi. =: 16 Jl, and often a UtUe more). Those 
who travel with Urge aami should cany them In the form of letters 
of credit or In circular notea of bl. or lOl., rather than in banknotes 
or gold, as the value of the former, if lost or stolen, la recoverable. 

TKavBLLiNO ExFBiTHHB. The oipenao of a lour in the Bhenish 
Provinces depends of coarse on a great variety of circumstances. Of 
late years many complaints have justly been made of the exorbitant 
charges at acme of the Bheniih hotels j but it may be stated generally 
that travelling in Germany, and even on the Bhlne, la less ex- 
pensive , and In some leapecta more comfortable , than In most 
other ooantrlea in Europe. The pedestrian of moderate require- 
ments, who has attained tolerable proficiency in the language and 
avoids the beaten traok as much as possible, will have no dlHculty 
in llmltinghisexpendlture to8-10.if peiday; bat those who prefer 
drlvli^ to walking, frequent the most expensive hotels, and require 

m. PauportB. CiiBtom Honae. 

PA88foBTB ace, as a rale, mmsMsauy foi tiavellBn In QeiDiaiiy, 
bat tbey ue occagionally reqaiied to prove tlie identity of the tisv- 
ellei, to procure admission to colleetioDS, and to obtain delivery of 
ragiateted letters. CydiEta (comp. p. iviil) shoald always carry k 
pasBport. Among the principal passport - agents in London are: 
Boss, 4 Adelaide Street, Strand (charge 4i., including agent's fee); 
C. Smith and Son, 23 Craven Street, Chariug Cross (Inclusive fee 4).); 
Thomaj Coolt & Son, Ludgate Circus (fee 3j. 6d.)i and HsDcy 
Blacklock & Co. ('Btadshaw's Onides'i fee 5a.). Ad eitta charge is 
made for each visa, should such be necessary. 

CuBTOu HousB formalities are now almost evecywliere lenient. 
As a rule, however, articles purchased during the journey, which 
are not destined for personal use, should be declared at the frontier. 

IT. Sontes from London to the Ehine. 

Cologne, as the focus of the Rhenish districts, is taken as the 
goal of the under-noted rontesj but it will be easy to make the re- 
quisite allowances if some other point be the tourist's deaCtnation. 
— Luggage may be registered through to destination (baoking-fee 
i-Qd. per package^ but is examined at the frontier (see below). 
BicycUa are registered as ordinary luggage foi an extra fee of &<. — 
Second'Class passengers may travel In the saloon of the steamers for 
a smiU e»tra fee (from 2s. upwards). — Uniformed Interpretert 
attend the Continental trains at the chief points of departure and 
arrival. — German (Central Europe) lime is 1 hr. ahead of Gieen- 
wioh time. — For fuller details as to hours of trains, sleeping car- 
riages, station -omnibuses, etc., see the time-tables of the South 
Etutem 9 Chatham iiiiibe Onal Ealttm Railway i, Cook' > CotMntiv 
lal Time-TalU>, or Bradtkato'i Conlintntal Baiiway Snide. 
a. VU Oatand aod SheaL 

ed., 2ai elasa 

»lbi. 's^tur 

South K« 

to PH U.i Dun 

n WbM. - 


r.t™-(are. il 
lOi. 6d, Cbarf 


111 class ». iU. 
««He, 3>. 3<t par 

Bui-wai to (318 H.) Cofoim. 

ni Chari'^t Crou or Tt-Mria 
from DoTsr to (19 K.J Oimd 
Tla A^OHlf or vll Mnlinu 

Luleage 1 

examined at Btftiuaal (p 

3). PiMenBCT 
dactoi of the 
lUliaea (iVi a 

I bj Its morcdng 
tmln ti Oalaod, 
, wins included). 

b. VH nniUnt. 
DnraUon of jonnwy il"/r(S hrs, Tbtougb-hrai a. 1'. M. 
return (aTsllable for lA days) 31. IDi. 9il., il. 7i. 3d. ,- eitra-fan o: 
trail ('D' Itain) 2j. ; eiceai-lueeaea Ij. Id. per 30 lbs. 

^ BiawAi from Victoria^ HtViora, or St. iWf to &i H.J 4iwB^«r> ^(v 

<%)• M.) Cola, 
A{p,fl8), T.b 

uiB from Quf Qnboro 10 (120 M,)>iiiiMn/in" T/r« bi 
- -".) Golognt vii YhiUi in T-8 b™. 

Obut Easteeh Kulwai finm AHn»o' ^'r*<< *» CQ*A K.) Airw'iA in 

d. VUkOilaii. 

Dumtioo of joumei 18iA-i8 1«»- F"es 3*- *•■ B-*- 21, St. M.,- retani 
(16 d&7ij U. ICu. Id., li. Ui. Id.,- aitra-fue on 'ttkin de luxe' (9 un.) lilt. 
\a.! fit ess-J ureses ^. 3d. per SO lbs. 

Pitr in a-ii/j iiM. — Sii.iUB from Dove' to (26 M.) CataU in I'/t-lVi br. — 
Kucv+i fiom Calaii to Bnuuft uid (229 H.) CaliVH in 10-U lUB. 

Lu»ueeiarulnedat.S<r6itlAa{(, Best orant or diniuE on stUicbed 
to tha cUet Iraiu. 

T. Bailways. 

RaUiWatb. Railwfty-tiaTelliDg Is cheapei In Germany than in 
other parts of Europe, Belgium excepted, >Dd the carriages are 
genaraUy clean and comfort&ble. Those of the second class, with 
spring-seats, are eometioies nearly as good as the first In England. 
The firsC-claaa carriages, lined with velvet, and comparatively little 
used, are recommended to tte lover of fresh air, as he will be mora 
likely to secure a seat next the window. The tbird-class travelling 
community are generally quiet and respectable, and the carriages tol- 
etably clean. On a few railways there Is e«en a fourth class, without 
Beats. Bmoking is permitted In all the carriages, except those 'Fiir 
Nioht-Raucbei' and the coupes for ladies. The average fares for the 
different classes are about i^^d., i'/^d., and */gd. per Engl. M. 
respectively. The extra-charge for > ieat In the D Corridor Trains 
iB' 1 Jl for any distance below IBO Ell. (ca. 93 M.) and 2 Jt for any 
greater distance. The speed seldom exceeds 25 M. per hour. On 
some of the lines 20-50 lbs. of luggage are free, in addition to 
smaller articles carried in the hand, over-weight being charged for 
at moderate rates; bnt on many of the lines all luggage in the van 
mnjt be paid for. In all cases the heavier luggage must be booked, 
and ■ ticket procured for It; this being done, the traveller need not 
enquire after his 'impedimenta' until be arrives and presents his 
ticket at his Unal destination (where they will be ki>;pt tn nib 
custody, several days usually gratis). Where, however, a frontier 
has to be croaaed, the traveller should see his luggage elearod at the 
cuatam-house in penon, — Circutar Ticktti for prolonged tours are 

xii 8TBAHB0A.TB. 

baned it WDBldenlri; tedaoed Met (lee the tlme-ttbla*), bat ara 
only paitly kT>il&ble tat the Rhine (teamen (>ee below]. Oidliiu; 
TOtarn-tiDkBti ate afdUble foi one to three day*. — At the laigec 
itatloiu iM InfoTmatioii may be obtained from the noUbnned PorOtr. 

VI. Steamboab on the RMiie. 

Ttavellets foi pleaiure should undonbtedly silaot the RhiDe 
steameti between Hayence and Cologne in preference to the lall- 
w*y, in Bplte of the faot that their panctnality (especially in going 
upstream) cannot be so Impliritly depended on. The fliat tteunei 
came Inon London to Ooblenz in 1817. Begnlai aeirice above 
Cologne wae inatltnted in 1827. The paeieagec-saTvice is carried 
on mainly by the nuited Colofne and Dutaetdorf CompanUt, (he 
■teamen of the former having black, of the Utter black-aud-oMte 
fniwel*. The admirable laloon-ateamen of these Gompaniei ac- 
complish the Journey from Hayenne to Cologne in T^/4 bn., and 
that from Cologne to Hayenee in 12l/i bTs., touching, in deacend- 
ing, at Blebrich, Coblenz, and Bonn only; in ascending, at Blngeli 
also. The Nethtrlandt 8leam-8hip Co. (fnnnels black below anil 
white above), which formerly carried on a fteight-sorviee almost 
eiclDiively, now also rone two saloon-staamers for pasaesgen (pien 
ditfercDt from those of the other eompaniea). These have the ad- 
TButaga for travellers to or from Botteidam that no change of boat 
la needed. The ordinary steamers slop at nnmeroni small places 
where passengen are landed In boats. The oharge for landing or 
embarking, including 100 lbs, of luggage, ia 10 pf. 

The fares are very moderate, those for voyages apstreaio being 
one-alith less than for those In the leierse direction. The express 
fares are somewhat higher than the ordinary. The expresa-steamen 
carry saloon-passengers only. Each passenger is allowed lOOlbs. of 
luggage free. Additional advantages are offered by the issue of re- 
turn-tickets, one class of which is valid for a week, another within 
the current year. Railway Clionlar Tickets (see above), the so- 
called 'Elective Railway Tickets' (Wahlfnit ElitnbiAi^taTten), and 
the tickets issued by the usual tourists' agents are available for the 
steamers between Cologne and Mayence, subject to conditions 
printed on the tickets. It Is important to note that in these cases 
the train may he eichauged for the steamer, or nUt nerid, only at 
the terminal station in the coupon. Third-dlasa passengers may 
travel in the saloon on paying the difference to the purser ('Con- 
dnkteur') on board. 

Fassengerg cmbaikiDE at ttaUoaa with pien muat take tickets al tba 
oMee oa ibare, aad thoaa ambarklni at oHier rtattoBt ilionld obl^n thtm 
tbarwlH they may 
point of departure- 

D the puiseT immediately on (olaf oi bcoid, aa otberwiH they 

- , compelled lo pa; the fkre ftun tbe staamac's fiiat point of depai 

The holder of a lleket worth S ^ and upwards la at liberty to break 
■■ ■ " » Wore ■•- 

holder ' 

ecled. ifthelaDniey be rHamed at a itatioD g< 


EefrealuneDts a 
rger liolsls. Tab 
lUdnn h&It-pHcB 

lukad, the Ucket 
aU mnst mlM ba 
obere Ibe jonraeT 
Uckata st tbc ba- 

I prudent to delsr 

n tbe gtyls of tha 
U 1 o'clock 3 Jf, 

TravBllan lUrUag >( bd emtlj hour will find bmkbit on bo« 
pleaAantAT than & borried meal befora leaving thair hotal. Tha waitai 
uccuionallf offer woithlesi baoki , maps, uid panorunu for lata at « 
orbttant pricai. 

TaU of tha Shina 

dla of (he Hlnler-KhaU 
The Lake 0( Gonstanca . 
Tha Rhine at BUe . . . 

Breadth af tha Bhloa. 

. Mannheim to H 

- Hayence to Bin 

, Bingen to Cohli 

„ Cobleoi to Colo 

^ DHaeeldort to B 

I B£]a to the Qei 

e Depth of tha Bhisa. 

Btrutburg and Ha^enc 

and DOiMldorf . 

■> fiblna. IGth Edit. 

c. Google 

Vn. W&Udng ExonTsioiu. 

The pedesbriaa la uaquaetioatMy the most independent of 
traTellars, and to Mn> alone (he beautiful soenery of some of the 
more remote districts Is acceeaibla. For a shoit toui a couple of 
flannel shirts, a pair of worsted Blockings, slippers, the articles 
of the toilet, a light wiMrptoof, and a stout anhtetia will generally 
be found a sufficient equipment. Strong and well'tried boots are 
essential to comfort. Heavy and complicated knipascka should be 
avoided; a light poach oi game-bsg is far less irksome, and its 
position may be shifted at pleasure, A more eitenslTO reserve of 
clothing should not exceed the limits of s small portmanteau, which 
can be easily wielded, and may be forwarded from town to town 
by post. 

The banks of the Rhine abound la charming scenery, which it 
will amply reward the pedestrian to explore; many districts replete , 
with both historical and natural interest are described in the fol- 
lowing pages. The following ue especially recommended to the 
notice of travellerB ; The Seven Mts. (R. 13), the Eifel (R. 26), 
the banks of the MoseUe (B. 25), the Tmnns (R. 29), the Oden- 
wald (E. 31), the Black Forest (R. 48), the Vosges (ItR. 42, 44), 
and the environs of SchaShausen and Falls of the Rhine (S. 49). By 
consulting the Handbook the traveller will discover many attractive 
spots, both in these and other districts. 

Ym. Cycling Hotes. 

Cycling is very prevalent in the Rhenish districts, and there are 
snitabte roads all the iray from Holland to Bale and the Lake of 
OoDstance. Among the most popular bite for wheeling are the left 
bant of the Rhine from Bonn to Bingen, the Ehelngau, the valley 
of the Moselle, the road from Frankfort to Heidelberg, the Neokai 
valley and the W. slopes of the Black Forest, and the roida skirting 
the Haardt Mts. and the Yosges. Excursions in the Black Forest, 
the Tosges, or other mountainous districts make considerable de- 
mands on the strength and staying power of the rider, bot some 
delightful [ides downhill may be begnn at the highest-lying railway- 
stations. Dangerous places are generally marked on the cycling 
maps mentioned at p. ilt, but the cyclist should always be careful 
on roads unknown to him. Strong brakes and a good lamp for night- 
riding are indispensable. 

Some of the narrower and steeper streets in towns and vUlages 
are apt to be closed to the cyclist, and resbietiona are also often made 
on the u!e of the wheel in public parks. In most oases a namber- 
plate has to be attached to the blcyle, and the police have the right 
to demand the exhibition of thei^cIist'B club-tioket or passport. All 
regulations of this kind are stringently enforced by the anthorittas. 

, HOTELS. Ill 

The rale of the toad is to keep to the right in meeting, and to paaa 
on the left In OTeit&king. Led horses raaat be met and passed on 
the side on whioh the man in charge ia. 

On tbe fniisian and Besiiha State RaUnays uncratcd bi^clea are 
canned aa paiaonal Inegage trben accompaDled by ttae rider. The laller 
haa, honeTer, talakeabjcycle-llcketCFabmdliirte'; price 50 pt) and baa 
hinaelf to taka bia vbeel to and from ths baggage-car. If carriages are 
oltaogad di rend, be is aleo rcipoDsible for Iransferriug hia wheel from 
one train to the olber. Han; eiprcsa-trains (eap. the ao-called D-tralia. 

makes no charge (or bit 
the main deck. 

The be^t Oroling ■ 

£. IUae«,lei» of Fraokfc 

Knilioas orPrankforl 13 Jf), Stackenbuig (Valley of Ibe&blne. Odeawe 
A Speisart; i Jl), Opper Hesse (4 Jt), and the Bavarian Palatinatl 
Bheniib Heue (IJ^. — A series of cheaper mapi (I'/i Jf each) for Ceol 
Earope ie isined b; Litlentii! and BaieniUtn of Leinslc. Those a>ai!a 
, ..:. — ., .... „,., «,, g^ {Cologne), 8B (Welilar) 98 {Pru. 

W fPrankfort). 113 (Trf^vei), UB (Uannbelm), 127'(StiBisburg}, ilOfCaliDi 
-_j <ii IK..:,.. — , TVg German Tolume of tbe CnnUni-nlal Ro.iJ Rn 

;iub (price 6f.) will b 
the frontier on bicj , 

8-10 Jl ii made on crated mocbinei, 1 

d «i (Freiburj),"- 
"-- CycliBts- fouri 

mpaDied by theli 

IZ. Hotels. 

The flnt-ciiBS hotels In tlie principal to^ns and watering -places 
throughout Germany are generally good and somewhat espensive; 
but it Aequently happens that in old-fashioned hotels of unassum' 
[ng exterioi, particularly in places off the beaten track , the travel- 
ler finds more real comfort and mucb lower charges. 

The average charges in the flrst-class hotels are as follows : room 
(including light and attendance) 3'5 J(, plain breakfast 1-1 Va UH, 
dinner 3-5 J(, pension (i.e. board and lodging) 6-10 Jl. In some 
of the most Inxnrioasl houses, and for eilia accommodation, the 
charges are considerably higher. When not otheririse indicated, 
R. (room) in the Handbook Is used to include light (L.) and atten- 
dance (A.). 

When the traveller remaine for a week or more at a hotel, it is 
advissble to pay , or at least call for his account eiery two or three 
days, Jn order that erroneous insertions may be detected. Verbal 
reckonings are objectionable , except in some of the more remote 
and primitive districts where bills are never written. A waiter's 
mental arithmetic is faulty, and the faults are seldom In favour 
of the traveller. A favourite practice is to present the bill at the 
last moment, when mistakes or ivilful imposition cannot easily 


be detected oi rectified. Those who purpose sttitlns euly in the 
moining will do well to ask for tbeir bills on the previons evening. 
English trSiTellers often Impose coosldersble trouble by ordering 
things almost unknown In Qerman usage i uid if Ignarince of the 
language be added to want of conformity to the cnstoma , mis' 
underetindings and disputes are apt to ensue. The reader is there- 
fore lecommended to acquire if poeaibte such a moderate proflcieney 
in the language as to render him intelligible to the setTaDte, and to 
endeavooi to adapt his lequiremente to the habits of the conntry. 
For thU purpose Batdekefi itanual of Conversation (3 jf) and 
Batdtktr'i Converiation Dictionary (In four languages; 3 Jl) will 
be found useful. 

X. Climate. Qrape Cnre. 

The climate of W. Germany is influenced by the comparatiTe 
proilmlty of the North Sea, whieh renders the temperature remark- 
ably mild. While the annnsl mean temperature in E. Germany is 
only abont 43-48° Fahr., In the valley of the Rhine it rises to ovai 
510 (Cologne 60.2°, Coblenz 60.0°, Heidelberg 61.4<0. Thus, owing 
to the early springs and the long warm autumns, a tour In the 
Rhenish provinces is still enjoyable at a season when the Alps and 
the monnlainouB districts of Central Germany are beginning to feel 
the frosts of the coming winter. This geniality of climate is also 
very favourable to the ripening of the grapes ; and hence it is that 
the 'Qrapt Cure', a very popular continental institutioa, long 
established in Southern Tyrol and on the banks of the Lake of 
Geneva, has been introduced into the Khenish Provinces also. 

Grapes when eaten In moderate qnantity (l-2tbs. daily) have 
a soothing effect on the mucous membrane, and In conjunction 
with a generous diet contribute materially to restore the strength 
of convalescents. When eiten in greater quantities (3-8lbB, daily), 
the vegetable acid and salts produce an effect similar to that of 
mineral waters containing Glauber's or common salt. The grapes 
of the Rhenish Palatinate ['Gutedel' or 'Jnnkei', and 'Oester- 
reicher' or 'Sylvanei') are large, thin-skinned, and well-flavonred, 
and hence this district is the centre of the 'Cnre'. QUinBtiler 
(p. 290) is especially frequented on account of lis favourable 
situation and the proximity of the vineyards, in which visitors 
may gather the grapes for themselves. The grapes of DUrliheim 
Cp. 287), Edenkohtn (p. 290), and ifiu<(adi(p. 288) are also in great 
request. Good dessert- grapes may, however, be procured almost 
everywhere on the Rhine, and the grape-cure may be undergone 
at Konigm>inter, Honnef, Boppard, St. Ooarihatisen, Anmarmi- 
haustn, Wittbaden, BadeaweiUr, and numerons other summer- 

XL Winea of th« Bhliis and KoseUe. 

White the palm must be yielded to Fisace for her red vlaes, 
no MUBtry Id the world CM) compete with the Ehenieh Piovincea in 
the TMt variety and excellence of the white wines which [he; 
produce. On the baBka of tiie Rhine from Hayenoe to Bonn, a dis- 
taace of 90 M., the cultivation of the line may be eeeu in the 
greatest possible partection. 

Ho error has been more pievalant than that the Bhenieh and 
Hoaelle wiues poaaesa an injaiious acidity. Liebig on the coutiaiy 
■ffirmt, not only that the exquieite bouquet of the Rhine winee 
is owing to the free acid which they contain, but that some of 
their most salutary propertiea adse from the tartar present iu tiiem. 
To this he attributes the immunity enjoyed by those who use the 
Oerman wines from the nrlo acid diathesis. Many others who hive 
investigated the subject enteitain the same opinion. Another ad- 
vantage possessed by Rhenish wines is the total absence of biSAdy, 
an ingredient with which the wines of Spain, Portugal, and Sicily 
are almost invariably fortifled, to the utter destruction of their 
flavour, and the injury of the health oC the consumer. The diseases 
which attack spirit-drinkers, chiefly disorders of the liver, are com- 
monly met with amongst consumers of fortifled wines, though such 
maladies rarely follow even the intemperate use of pure wine. That 
the addition of alcohol to wine is unnecessary for its preserTation is 
proved by the fact that Rhine wines often retain their excellenoe 
for hslf-a-centuiy, although they seldom contain more than eight 
Di nine per cent of atoohol. The very property of keeping is indeed 
mainly attributable to the fact that the (eimentation is more per- 
fect In Rhenish wines than in those of Spain and Portugal, where 
fermentation is obecked by the addition of brandy. With the white 
wines of France the same object Is effected by sulphuration. By 
these processes the rlcliness and sweetness of new wine are artific- 
ially and unwholesomely retained. 

The traveller who finds the table-wina of the hotels unpala- 
table, and whose eye wanders in bewilderment over the 'Wein- 
kaxte', is recommended to select a bottle of still Hock or Moselle 
at 3-4 ^ per bottle, at which price the taste ought to be grati- 
fied. The hotel-prices of the high-class still wines , as well as of 
the sparkling wines, ate often exorbitant. 

The BheiitfSin, a district about 15 M. in length, produces the 
finest wines of the Rhine. Here is situated ^cMoii Johatmitbtrg, 
a most favoured spot, yielding a wine almost without rival. As the 
celebrated vineyards do not exceed 55 acres in area, little of this 
rare product falls to the share of the ordinary public. Moreover the 
first qnality Is only obtained in the finest seasons; the grapes 
are selected with the utmost care from the ripest bunches , not 
a drop of the pteolons jnice being allowed to escape ; the yield. 

«sli WINE. 

under the most favourable ciraumEtanceJ, is therefore very limtted. 
The Tarious qualities of this wins are sold in the iiask at Soblosi 
Johanniaberg by public auction. It U temnkable for rarloess, de- 
licacy of flavour, and bouquet, latbei than for atrengtb. The other 
wines of the ricinitr, distinguished by the name of Johatmuberg- 
Klaui, and those yielded by the vineyards of Count Scbonbotn, are 
also highly esteemed. There is also 'Johannisberger' piodaced From 
the yineyards of the villaga of that name, but this is inferior to 
many of tbe other products of the Rheingau. In this neighbour- 
hood are Rudeakeim and Geiienheim, both produoing flrst'Class wines. 
Bingen is a favourable district for strong wines; the hill behind it 
yields ScharlachbergeT (soe below). Below Bingen, on the opposite 
bank, is Atimannihauitn, the red wine of which holds a high rank 
and in good vintagosyies with Burgundy of the best elasB, being made 
from the same species of grape ; but unfortunately, like the latter, it 
is often impaired by travelling. The Marcobrunn vineyard, between 
Hattfnhtim and Erbach, produces a white wine of eiquisite flavour 
and bouquet. The wines, however, which compete most successfully 
with Johannisberger and trench closely upon its celebrity, are the 
Steinbtrger, produced from the carefully-cultivated vineyards on the 
hill at the back of Hattenheim, and the Eauenthaler Berg (p. 142), 
the best vintages of which are unsurpassed in flavour and quality. 
Hochlieim, situated on the Main, yields a wine of very superior 
quality, and has given the name of 'Hook' to the produce of the 
country generally. 

The VaJle; of the Bhine below Bingen produces many pleasant 
and whnlesoma winea, but inferior to the above. Those of Lorcft, 
EnghoU, Steeg, Obenetstl, and Boppard may be mentioned among 
the white. The Rheinbleicherte (i.e. 'bleich rothe', or pale red^ of 
Stteg, ObtTwtael, and Sackarach, and the light-red wines of Sahig, 
Camp, Horchheim, the KreuiAerg (near Ehrenbreitstein], and Vrbar 
are also esteemed. Moat of the wines grown below Cobleni are light- 
red. Lin: produces excellent Rheinbleicherte. 

Sheniah Bavftria yields a vast qoantity of white wine, gener- 
itly known as wine of tbe Haardt, or Palatinate. Tbe best 
qualities are those of Rtippertsberg , Deidealteim , and font, after 
which rank those of Vngatein, Dv.rkheim, Wachenheim, and Kdnig>- 
bach. Good red wines are grown at Oinitntldinjien and Calbtotll. The 
inferior wines of this district usually have a coarse, earthy Bavour. 

Bheniah Heaae produces the excellent Scharltichbtrger above 
mentioned, next to which rank Nicrsteiner, Oppwifieinwr, Lau- 
benheimer, and BodenKeimer, all pleasant wines, but less delicate 
than those of the Rheingau. twt/i-auCTimitcft ('LaitdeNotraDame') 
Is a good sound wine which owes much of its reputation to the su- 
perior wines sold under that name, and to the quaintness of the 
name itself. The vineyards where it is grown (p. 285) are incapable 
of producing a tenth part of tbe wine usually so called. Tbe flat 


vineyaidB of Ingclheim between Mtyence and Bingen yield i good 
ligltt-Ted nine. 

The Hfthe wines, like those of the FaUtiBBte, pouees considenlile 
body, but little flavour. That of the SehartaehbtTg near Biogan ia 
BometimeB olaaaed m a Nahe wine, and is the best of this gcoap. 

The Talle7 of the Ahr is the most noithern point at which the 
grape is successfully eultl'Bted, Ita light and wholesome 'Ahr- 
bUichttte' are chiefly consomed in the nelghbooihood of their growth. 
They ace strengthening and astringent in their piopettiea, and 
resemble Burgundy of an Inferioi class. The best are those of 
Walponhelm, AhrtpeiUr, and BodtTtdorf. 

The Koiella wines are ohlefly grown amidst rugged and steiile- 
looking slate rocks, and are distiaguished by their delicate, aromatie 
flavour, though the inferior varieties are apt to be rather acid In 
bad years. They are aonsidered remarkably wholesome, being fre- 
quently rocomiDended to persons of sedentary habits. The best are 
Bratuxtberger, Ohligiberger, and BemeatlcUr Doctor, which possess 
a delicious 'bouquet' ; and next to these may be placed the wines of 
Zetiingen, Oraaeh, Piiport, and Orunham, 

The Bbor wines posaeas even less body than those of the Hoselle, 
bnt surpass them in uoma. Seharthofbergtr U a most excellent 
wine of this district. 

KarkgrUer, the wine of the Duchy of Baden (Afftnthat red, 
Kimgenbtrg white), the winea of AIiuis, the Saoku' winea, and 
those of the BergftTMia are almost entirely consumed in their re~ 
speettve districta. 

The difference which exists among the pradneta of the varioua 
vintages on the Rhine presents a marked oontraat (a the tolerably 
nnlform quality maintained by the winea of Southern Europe. The 
best wine-years of the nineteenth century In the Kbinegan were 

1806, 1811, 1822, 1834, 1846, 18B7, 1862, 1866, 1868, 1893, and 

1895; and good average vintages occurred in 1801. 1802, 1804, 

1807, 1816, 1818, 1819, 1826-27, 1831, 1886, 1848, 1856, 1868, 
1869, 1861, 1884, 1886, 1689, 1892, and 1897. But even in these 
years the yield vras by no means tiuifOTmly excellent In all parts of 
the Bhineland. The climatic conditions are not the same in all the 
dtatricti; different years seem to suit the different kinds of vine; 
and the vineyards in the mast favoured positions, where the grapes 
ripen soonest, often suffer the most severely from the early spring 
frosts. In a fall 'autnmn', which ia hardly ever attained, a 'motgen' 
faboat 3/s acre] of land, with 3BOO-4000 vines, should yield 5 'ohm' 
(abont 150 gallons) of wine. 

Kany of tte Inna on the HiflUe and Upper Bhina (Mpeclally in the 
tmaUsT towns) bava wlac on draught, wbicb, ttoUEh not entered on tbs 
Wlne-Uit, ia fiequently batter Ihgu the cheaper wiaea In buUle. 

gpoiUing Winei. The effervescing German winea were first 
manufactured at EuUngtn (in 1826), Hdtbronn, WiinbuTg, and 


Mayenct, and aft«tw>iida tt Trivea, Cobltnt, mi lailoBi ottiei 
places. These wines, geaeially knowa In England as Sparkling 
Hoek and Uoaelle, ore dlBCinguiBhed i^om tiie French wines by the 
piedomfnanoe of the Qavoar of the gt&pe, and when obtained in 
nneioaptlonable qnartere, aie & lig^t, pleasant, and whaleaoine 

The pcoceas Is piecisely (he aaiae s« that emplaned Id the preparation 

the generation or 

suallj burst, whila 
rhen Ibe wine has 

bodT, and the Bn^l corking then takes place. The eparliltne 

still wine from which il is manufaetureii. The inferior qualities are glne" 
all; the moat effervescent. 

The tTaTelier is cautioned against dealing with any but the most 
respectable wine-meichants, and should remembei that excellence 
of quality is quite Incempatihte with lowness of piice. As a pleasant 
and wholesome sum mei- beverage the Rhenish wines of the second 
and third class may be imported at a moderate piica, the duty 
and sairiage amouuCing to 4-5s. per dozen ; but the higher class of 
Rhine-wine , of which Maccobiunnei may be taken aa a sample, 
cannot be drunk in England under Bve or six shillings a bottle. 

XII. Rhenlali Art. 

In the valley of the Rhine we find that several different strata 
of civilisation , if we may use the expression , had deposited them- 
selves ere the rest of Germany had abandoned its'primitive forest 
lite. The loneat of these strata, were a section of them exhibited 
in geological fashion, would show an ante-Roman period, when the 
natives carried on a busy trade with the Mediterranean seaports and 
with Etruria. After Cffisar's campaigns a new stratum was gradually 
farmed by the occupation of the country by Koman military colo- 
nists. This stratum was afterwards sadly contorted and broken by 
the storms of the barbarian migrations, and was at length almost 
entirely covered by that of the Fcankish- Christian period, which 
began in the Tth century. 

On Rhenish soil antiquarians will find frequent opportunities 
of tracing back the bistoiy of human culture to its earliest begin- 
nings, while the RouAH relics are so numerous and important aa to 
arrest the eye of even the superflcial observer. The Feutinger 
Tabula, the mediaval copy of a Itoman map, now preserved at 
Vienna, shows the pflncipal towns on the Rhine and also on the 


tributaileB of its leftside, togethei witli the losde coDDecting them, 
and even the b»tliB and other pobllo buildings with which they 
were embellished. The Roman colonlej on the Shine, being chiefly 
the headquarters of the diffeiant legions , always piesented a mili- 
tary chuactei. Most of the existing monnmenta are accordingly 
YotiTe atonas and tombstones of soldiers. The artistic forms are, 
BB anile, eomewhat primitiie, while the scbjecta are freqaenUy 
borrowed from the Oriental worship of Uithrae. We also And that 
Id Bome cases Gallic deities have been Romanised. The principal 
oolleetious of Roman antiquities' are at Bonn, Cologne, Wieihadm, 
CarliTuU, Mannheim, Sptytr, Idayence, and Trivei. At TrSvea, 
moieOTei, we obtain an admirable idea of the character of a very 
important Roman provincial town, 

TVipM, the capital of Germania Inferior , and for a conaideiable 
time an imperial residence, did not merely possess buildings of 
practical ntiltty like most otthe other colonies, but was also embel- 
lished with some of tike noblest decorative Roman structoiea ever 
erected north of the Alps. On the banks of the Moselle also, outside 
the town, rose along aeries of villas, many of which were riohiy de- 
corated with mosaics. Before the decline of the Roman supremacy 
Chbistianttt established itself on the banks of the Khine, but 
no churches of the earliest Christian epoch are now extant. The 
only relics of that period are the nucleus of the cathedral of Treves, 
a number of tombstones at Treves , and seveial monumental in- 
scriptions, such as that In the porch of St. Oereon at Cologne. 

In consequeoceofthe barbarian migrations, the Roman-Christian 
culture was afterwards almost completely buried beneath a new 
ttratam of Gennsn paganism, and the vast valley of the Rhine 
relapsed into its primitive rudeness, although at Cologne and Trives 
the arts were not entirely extinct. The Austrasian princes, however, 
were maniflcent patrons of the church, and tbe Bishops of Treves 
and Cologne (JVti»(iui and Ckarentmui, abont the middle of the 6th 
cent.*) distinguished themselves by their zeal for chnrch-bnlldlng. 

The artistic efforts of the Merovingian period, of which a few 
traces only are left , as in the Cathtdrat at Trinei, appear to have 
been very insignificant compared with those of Chitrlemague'i reign 
^768-814). In the prosecution of his numerous undertakings tbe 
great emperor was not merely stimulated by his zeal foe the promo- 
tion of art, but by his ardent desire to revive the ancient gloiy of 
the Roman empire and to invest his capita] with all the splendour of 
the ancient imperial residences, and particularly (hat of Ravenna. 
The Oarlovingisn ait was entirely centred around the court of the 
emperor, and he was personally attended by a circle of scholars 
caUed his academy. Among the members of the academy was 
BgiiAard, who in consequence of his sorname Bezaleel has been 
supposed to have been familial with art , but of whose laboun in 
that sphere nothing certain is known. To him is attributed ttbe 


building of the Palace Chapel at Aix-Ui-Chi^lU (now the Cath- 
edrai), irblch Is still io compaistiTely good preienition. It 1b ob- 
TiouBly s cop; of the court-chapel at Raienna (San Tltale), but 
haa beeu mare Judiciously aud atliculately designed, and has in its 
tain sened as a model for later edifices, for which either its ground- 
plan (as at Ottmarsheim In Alaace), or ita double row of eolumna In 
the interior of the rotunda (as In the case of St, Maria im CapHol 
at Cotogtxe and the Mintter at Etien), has been borrowed. 

The mBgniflcaDce of the palaeea vhloh the great empeioi pos- 
sessed on the banks of the Rhine was a faTOuiite theme with the 
poets and prose-writers of the day. According to their accounts the 
Pakux at Ingelheim was not inferior in splendour to that of Aiz-la- 
Ohapelle Itself , but of that edifice there is now no trace beyond a 
few fragments of walls and of columns which haie been transferred 
to other buildings. The same variety of capitals is also seen in the 
Chunk of St. Juttin at Hochtt am Uain fonnded under Abp. Otgar 
of Mayence (826-847). — Daring the later Carlo'inglan period the 
Khineland again suffered severelf from an irruption of barbarians. 
At this period the Normans took posaesaion of the banks of the 
river and penetrated Into its side-valleys ; but civllieation was now 
too far advanced to be serionsly retarded by this catastrophe- 
Endowed with a rich art -heritage banded down by antiquity, 
the Rbenish-Frankish tribes gradually overspread the coontry after 
the middle of the 10th cent. , from which petlod down to the Re- 
formation the development of Rhenish art is traceable without in- 

In the Eaklt Middlb Aobb (10th-12th cent.) Rhenish art 
differed materially from that of most other parts of Germany in 
being the product of an already cultivated soil, where ancient 
models were abundant , while in these other districts it was the 
growth of a soil previously unttlled. On the banks of the Rhine 
were preserved fragments of Roman and early-Ghrtstlan edlflces; 
there the eye was familiar with architectural forms and mouldings; 
in the Rhenish towns were always to be found srtiflcera posaeaaed 
of considerable manual skill; and owing to the constant com- 
munication kept up with foreign places skilled labour could always 
be readily Imported when necesaary. Rheniah art was thus matured 
considerably earlier than that of Lower Saxony and Swabia. At 
the same time the featarea common to the whole of early medieval 
art in the weat recur in that of the Rhine also. The forms of 
worship having been well defined in the early -Christian period, 
the churches all present a certain aniformity of appearance. Like 
the early-Christian basilicas, the Rhenish ehurehes of the 10th- 
12tb cent, are of an elongated form ; they possess aisles which are 
lower and narrower than tiie nave; the altar is placed at the round- 
ed extremity of the nave-, and on the whole the.basUlca. type Is 
preserved tluoughoot. '^ iOO.;k' 


The Rbentsh ediflcei hUo posseaa the ctiancterlstlcB of the 
BoBUUiHqna Styla, wbioh ne common to the great majorttyof 
woiki of the ll>tli-12th centarteg. In this atyle the pilhrs and 
columns are connected by me>ne of round uches, the docn and 
windove also termtnale In round archee, and the naies and aleles 
are either covered with flat roofs or with groined vaoltlng of loand- 
ed form. The Oibieal Capitat, which was probably imented by 
medliBial architects for the parpose of forming a humoniona con- 
necting link between the column and the arcb abOTO , ia also used 
In the Rblnetand , and the copings and mouldings of the Rhenish 
buildings are the same as those employed in the contemparaDSons 
ediflcea of Western Europe. The Rhenish sichitecture, bowerer, oc- 
cupies an independent position of its own within the Bomaneaque 
groap. The character of the buitding-maierial (red sandstone or 
tufa), local traditions, and the prevalent taste of the period all 
combine to impart to the Rhenish buildings a distinctiTe character 
whieh seldom or never lecuis in other countries. At an early period 
the use of alternate courses of different colours came into vogue. 
Thus we find arches faced with stone alternating with light'COloured 
brick, the latter material having been taken from Roman mina; 
and when the architects had exhausted their supply of bricks , the 
art of making which was unknown in Germany in the early middle 
ages , they produced the same effect by the use of duk and light 
coloured atones. The copings on plllsra and walls were generally 
copied front Koman models, and the ancient Corinthian Capitals, 
formed of a wreath of leavea, were imitated with varying success 
(as, indeed, had also been the case in tlie Csriotingian epoch). 
The long- established practice of art, and the wealth which the 
Rhenish towns succeeded in amassing at an early period, enabled 
them grsdnsUy to extend the dimensions of their churches , to 
develop the construction of vaulting earlier than elsewhere, and 
to impart to their bulldinga a pictureaque richness of effect. — 
The lamo conditions were likewise fsvonrable to the development 
of the QoLDEiirra'a Art, and that of Enahbl FAiNirxa. The 
Rhlnelsnders also attained considerable proficiency in Md&al 
Faiktiko at an early period , but for the plastic art they displayed 
less aptitade. 

As early as the 11th cent, the practice of art and of artistic 
handicrafts aeema to have become naturalised in theBhanlsh towns 
and in those of Lorraine. In all the larger (owns extensive building 
operations were undertaken, and at the same time a number of 
handsome abbey-chnrohes sprangup. At Strniitiurf s cathedral was 
erected by Bittvup Wtmtr; at Colo^me the srchbishops Htrlbett and 
Anno exhibited much zeal for church- bull ding ; and at Trivei the 
cathedral was extended by Foppo. The grandest monumenia of 
Qerman medieval art, however, are the three Cbktiui. RHSNian 
Oathbdbals of liayenct, Sptyer, and Wormt, examples of the 


golden prime of a ityle vhloh begiin and also ended eailler hera 
than In otiiei northern dlettlela. It wks not till (he Oothlo period 
that FraQoe and England fnUy te>ll»ed theli architeotaral Ideali, 
wtiUe the independent exertions of Gemun marten had already 
oulminated in their Romanesque cathedral!. It haa frequently 
been aaaerted that theae cathedral* originally possessed flat roofi 
only, and veie aot oovered vith vaulting tUl the 12tb cent. ; bat 
leeent researches prove that the Taalting of May en ee Cathedral datei 
from immediately after 1081, when the older wooden tool was de- 
stroyed by fire. It is also protiable that the nave of Speyer Cath- 
edral, in spite of lt9 gigantic proportions, slao leceiied a stone T>att- 
ed roof soon after 1097. Tba abttimiag Abbey Church of Laaeh pmjei 
that vaulted ehurohes were easily and skilfully constructed In the 
first half of the 12th cent., uotwithstanding the novelty of the style. 
While the pillars of this church are of uniform pattern and aie 
placed at considerable intervals, those of the Central Rhenlsb ea- 
tbedrals are placed mach closer together, and those which bear the 
vaaltlng ue differently ahaped from those sapporttng the arcades. 
Towards the end of the 12th cent., and (or a considerable part 
of the 13th, CoLOOHB was the chief cradle of Rhenish art. The ea- 
credness of the city as the custodian of the highly revered relics of 
the Magi, combined vrlih the wealth and the political power of its 
enterprising citizens, not only led to the rebnUding of all the prin- 
cipal churches at this period, but was condnclve to the general pro- 
gress of ucbitecture, uid contributed to impart a rich and pictur- 
esque decorative character to the city itself. The architects do not 
Esem to have limed at grandeur of dimensions. The naves of Uie 
churches are usually small and insigniflcaot, but the builders ex- 
pended their utmost skill on the embellishment of the choirs. The 
apse, In combination with the rounded transepts, was regarded as 
the nucleus of the church , the other distinctive features of which 
couaUted of the gable of the choir, the dome, sndthe towers. As an 
example of the picturesque effect of this arrangement we may men- 
tion the Chureh of iht Apo$tUi at Cologne when viewed bom the 
Neumukt. At the same time variety of ornament , richness of ar- 
ticulation, and pleasing effects of colour were also studied. Immed- 
iately under the roof runs a gallery, which is of some structural 
importance inasmuch as It lessens the dead weight of the wall, but 
is also effective in a decorative point of view as the small columns 
stand out in strong contrast to the dark background. Oenerally, 
Indeed, the Rhenish masters appeu to have devoted much attention 
to such effects of light and shade. Under the gallery runs a frieze 
consisting of dark slabs framed vrith light-coloured stone; the col- 
umns and half-columns are of a different material bom tbe walls ; 
and even the pilasters are composed of dlDterently-coloored stones. 
In keeping vrith this picturesque character is the richness of the 
The architects were not satisfied with straight and 


simple lines. Theli windowe are eithei lonnd oi fui-slmped, and 
tbey are dlepOMd in gionpB ot enclosed wlthtn a pointed arch. The 
portals consist of archways lesting on eeveiai columns ; tbe ipace 
aboTe tbe doois la filled with Bcnlptuie j and the facade is enliTsned 
with narrow pillars and entwined aicbes. Buildings of tbls char- 
aetei, wbioh ate typical of the Rhineland, and occut in almost evelf 
town ot any importance, are usually described as belonging to the 
TiuNBinoKAL STTI.B, as if the tbrms recoiling in them were iden- 
tical with those which pave tbe way for tbe Qotble. The term, 
however, is entirely misapplied, as it Is impossible in the rich and 
h«ndsome Rhenl«h oburcbee ot the 12tb and beginning of the 13th 
cent, to discover the slightest germ of the Gothic style. The style 
may, however, be appropriately characterised as the final and moat 
ornate tnanifestatton of Romanesque architecture, a definition which 
is borne oot by the general tendencies of Rhenish art. As an aaxll- 
taty of this style we may now mention the art ot Mitbal PAriTiNo, 
which was developed at an nnnsnally early period. Most ot these 
paintings were unfoctonately covered with whitewash at a later pe- 
riod, bnt those still existing (at Stbwars-BhtindoTf, opposite Bonn, 
the paintings of which resemble a symboUo poem , at Brauictiltr 
near Cologne , In 81. Maria itn Capitol at Cologne, etc.^ exhibit a 
rich and thoagbtfnl style of composition, and show that the painters 
were skilled In drawing and even in the delineation of complicated 
action. We cannot with any certainty jndge of the eolonring , bat 
we at least possess sufrioient materials to warrant the Inference that 
the art of wali-palntlng was Indastrionsly practised on the banks of 
the Rhine as early as the second half of the 12th centnry. 

Thla prevalent branch of the Romanesque style, with its highly 
developed ornamentation, was not hastily abandoned by the Rhenish 
masters, and it was not till about the year 1250 that the Oothio 
Style, introduced from Fiance, was completely nationalised In this 
part of Oeimany, The precise manner in which the Qothic aicbl- 
tactare, with its spirited flying bnttresses, lofty vaulting, and other 
members relieving tbe monotony of the walls , was Introdncod into 
the valley of the Rhine is unknown; but it was prol)ably adopted 
Blmnltaneously at several different points. At Cologne we observe 
in the church of St. Oerton an attempt to apply the new piecepta to 
the old forms, and In tbe chnrcb of the Minoriit) we have a some- 
what plain example of Gothic dating from the middle of the 13th 
century. In the LiehfTaven-KiTche at Tricti the Gothic forms were 
■nccessfully adapted at an early period to an nnusual gronnd-plan. 
The Ciiterelrm Church at Marimslatt in Nassau la a fine example of 
the early-Gothic style, destitute as yet of all ornamentation, and to 
the same style belong the church of Rufach in Alsace and the west- 
ern parts of iSI. Thomai at Straiiburg. In the second half of the 
13th cent, b^an the construction of the great GothioCathbdealb. 
Those of CotogTK and Mttt were designed entirely In tbe Ootblo 


style, while it Straiiburg and Freiiurg the esrller RomniMque be- 
ginnioge weie adapted to the new Gothic work. Qoethe has con- 
tributad much to immortalise the nime of Erviin of (iteiabach, who 
is usually described is the oiiglDatoi of Strassburg Hlnstei, butth&t 
matter's ictusl share of the work seems to have been limited to tbe 
W. facade. The masters of the StiassbuTE as well as of the 
Cologne cathedral must have been thoroughly couTersaut with the 
details of French Gothic, bat they were very fat from being mere 
mechanical copyists. The facade at Cologne and the tower at 
Strassburg are entirely emanations of OermaD imagination. In 
order, howeier, to convince himself of the independence of the 
Oerman masters of the Gothic style the traveller must not confine 
his attention to the great cathedrals. Among the Sm&llbb Gotbic 
Chdkohbb he will discover frequent proofs of originality and not 
a few gems of architectaie. Among these smaller choichei we 
may mentton the grave and dignlDed Abbty Church of AUa^trg, 
near Cologne, and the CoUtsiate CAukA af Zanl«n , erected under 
the inSuence of Cologne masters; the superb CfturcA of St. Cath- 
arine at Oppenheim and the ponderous Cathedral ofFranltfort on the 
Central Rhine ; and lastly , in Alsaoe, the Chtirch of St, Qmrge at 
Sehiettitadt, the CAurcA of 8S. Peter and Paul at Weutenburg, the 
chnreh of NiedeT-Hailaeh , and that of TAonn, with its graceful 
tower. The numerous churches of the Mendicant and Dominican 
orders, some of which have nave and aisles of equal height, are gen- 
erally too plain and monotonous to arouse much general int«reet. 

The highest efforts of the Gothic architects In this part of Ger- 
many were devoted to the building of churches, bnt the Rhenish 
districts also contain Sbodlls Gdipiobb, including castles, town- 
halls , guild-houses , and private mansions , which present Gothic 
forms or at least OoUilc characteristics. 

The eye, however, is less frequently struck by buildings of thU 
class than by the churches, partly because well-preservad eiamplei 
are now comparatively rare, and partly because In secular archi- 
tecture generally there Is usually less room for marked changea of 
atyle. Throughout the whole of the middle ages the dwelling-houses, 
for example, were constructed of timber, and the character of their 
ornamentation was rather determined by the nature of the material 
than by the fashion of the day. Even in the case of the stone 
houses the projecting upper stories frequently recall the style of 
their wooden predecessors. The architectural character of the 
palaces, chateaui, and castles, on the other hand, was necessanly 
determined by military considerations. As the requirements of both 
defensive and offensive operations were almost equally Important 
during the 11th cent, and again daring the 13th, the ch&teaui and 
castles retained the same forms for several centuries. Of Balbs- 
rossa's residence at Qtlnhattien, an Imperial palace of the Roman- 
esque period, there still exist considerable ruins. The palace of the 


8une empetoT it Bagtnau (iibT) was eotiiely destroyed during 
the Thirty Yeut' Wu. Among the medJxTil Gasti/w those of 
AlSAoe >ie Teiy nnmeroaB and importtut. The most consideiabla 
are the thtee Caitlei of SappoitiatUar, that of Hoh-Barr neiT Za- 
bern C^l'^'O], the Hoh-Kdnigsburj/, the Watenburg, Dear Niedei- 
bronn, and the Cichttrtberg neac Neuweiler, the last three belonging 
to the Gothic period. Most of the hlUs on the banks of the Rhine 
■ad its tribntaiies are also crovned with the Eoins of mediaval 
castles, OT others leboilt In their original style. In most cases the 
plnnaded Bergfried, or keep, which was used both for purposes of 
attack and defence, la still standlngj remains of the Potoi, or 
dwelling-house, are also frequeatl; preserved ; and in many cases 
the outworks, gateways, and towers by which the approach to the 
eaatle was protected are still traceable. These rains, howeToi, which 
impart so picturesque a charm to the scenery of the Rhine, rarely 
possess much artistla value. The most tnteresttng of the Rhenish 
castles is that of Relekenbtrg, near St. Ooarshaasen, with its three 
stories borne by colunma. 

The Gothic architecture is also notable for the richness of its 
Flastiq Obnamentation. The portals and the various niches 
and canopies are genersUy filled with statues, and the gables and 
other parts o[ the building adorned with reliefs. The finest speci- 
mens of Gothic statuary are to be seen on the Fortali of the Litb- 
f^auen-Sireht at Trhite and the Cathedrals of StroNbvrg and FVei- 
buTg. The Stataei of the ApoilUs In the choir of the Cologne Cath- 
tdral also afford evidence that the Gothic sculptore was sometimes 
richly coloured. The S4me cathedral also contains the Montimtnt 
of Archbishop Conrad von Eoehitadtn, the flnest specimen ofbronze 
Statuary of the Gothic period. The numerous tombstones of that 
period must also be elamined by the student of the progress of 
Gothic sculpture, such as those atArchbiihop Siegfried, Peter Aapelt, 
and Johann von Saiiau, In the Cathtdral of Maytnce, and those of 
SuntAcr von Schwarsburg and Jolumn von Holcbmisen and ftii Wife 
in the CathedTOl of FTonlcforl. The best examples of late-Gothio 
sculpture, which afterwards degenerated into a mere handicraft, are 
to be found in the sltsts of carved wood. 

ThiODghoot the middle ages, however, Rhenish artists evinc- 
ed more aptitude for the ait of FAnrnNO than for that of sculpture. 
Tbe stained glass at Straisburg, Colognt, and Oppenheim, and the 
remains of 14th cent, mural paintings at Cologne are not less val- 
uable than the easel-pictures of the l&th cent, which are still pre- 

The CoLOQNB SoHOOl. or Paintinq was the Arst of those which 
attuned to any celebrity on German soil. The ealHest master of 
the school known to ns by name is Meiiter Wilbetm, who flourished 
at the end of the 14th cent., and from whose brush we possess 
one authentic work In the faded mural paintings of the Hansa-Saal 


In the B«t1)1uiaa of CologDe (now pieserved in the WKlluf-RI«hartz 
Museum). A namber of eaael'piecea are iKrlbated to him with 
little 01 no foandAtlou. There it, howeTei, better anthotity for 
ittiibnttng to Mtiiler Steplian Lochntr the executtoD o( tbe Dom- 
bUd, the flneet Oennin ptlDtlng of the 15th centoiy. This master, 
who was a native of the district of Constance, and died, in 1451, 
has been anccsBsful In substituting figaies of eousiderable spirit 
and life for the traditional tTpes of his predecessors , with their 
emaciated arms, their nndeveloped basts, and theit childish ex- 
pression of countenance, bnt he has failed to take the next step to- 
wards Bdelity to nature by omitting to individualise Ms characters. 
His female figures are all exactly alike, and his male figures, though 
divided into young and old, are also destitute of distinctive charac- 
ter. In his treatment of the drapery, weapons, gold trinkets, and 
■U other external accessories, hovrerer, Meister Stephau cannot be 
reproached vtlth the fault of monoloay; in e>.ecatlng these details 
he U scrupulously faitbful to nature, and his task vrss dODbtless 
facilitated by his occasional use of the newiy-invented art of oil- 
painting. Tbe Dombild, the Madonna tritA tfte Violeii (preserved 
in tbe Archlepiscopal Museum], and the Madonna in the Arbour of 
Boiea (in the Musenm) are the most important works of this school, 
the career of which somewhat resembled that of the earty-Flemtah 
school under the teaderehip of Hubert van Eyck, The Rhenish mas- 
ters, however, were soon surpassed by their Flemish contemporaries, 
and ere long entirety lost their Independence. About the end of 
the I5th cent, the art of painting in the Rhlneland was at length 
thoroughly pervaded with Flemish inflnence. The new style, how- 
ever, was least suecessfolly ImitaUd on tbe Lower Rhine, and 
particularly at Cologne. A number of pictures of the end of the 15th 
and beginning of tbe 16th cent,, mostly found in churches of Co- 
logne, have been collected by the brothers Boisserie, Hr. WaUraf, 
and others. The drawing is stlfT, the colouring gaudy, and the ex- 
pression harsh. These works are generally classed in accordance 
with their subjects ; and we thus frequently heal of the 'Master of 
the Lyversberg Passion', the 'Master of the St. Bartholomew', and 
other equally vague designations. The bistarian of art will find 
abundant opportunity of studying this school tn the Wallraf-Riohartz 
Museum of Cologne. One of the best masters of the Lower Rhine 
was Jan Jotet of Calcar, who painted the htgh-altar-plece In Uie 
principal church there about 1505. Portrait- painting was also 
practised with some success at (his period by Barthtl dt Bruyn, 
Joharm von M<hlcm, and others. 

Tbe UrpBa Rhenish and Axbhannian School of PAOntiia 
had a more prosperous career than tbe Lower Rhenish. The masters 
of this school also succumbed to Flemish influence, but they suc- 
ceeded In making a better use of what they had learned in the 
Netherlands. At the head of tbe school was Martin Sohongautr of 

RHBNieH ART. iiilil 

Goinui (d. 1488}, i, papU of Bogiar van der Weyden, utA noia 
fimoua as an eagraver Oaa u a paiutai. The engcaTST's art, io' 
deed, fettered by tbe advance of Bcieutiftc poisuite , wai moie 
rapidly and aDccesHfully developed than that of painting. The 
rEMinjKi' HoUiein . Mathiat OruneuraU , aod Bajui Baldung Oritn 
weie also members of this school, but as tbaii tnlnlng was not 
strictly Bhenlsh thay are only mentioned here In passing. Holbein's 
hmons 'Hadoaiia of finrgomastei Meyer* is ptesaTTed at the Palace 
of Darmstadt. 

When, St a lomewhat later period, tbe tide of tbe BenaiMSitea 
everllDved theRbinelsnd, It mat with little or no resistance. After 
a brief conflict vlth the Gothtc architecture, which gave rise to the 
erection of a number of curious balldlngs In » niiied style, the 
Renaissance, Introduced from France and Flanders, and possesBlng 
little tn common with the genuine Italian RenaiBsBDca, became 
naturallBed on llie banks of the Rhine about the middle of the 16th 
century. This new style of ait, however, never throve satisfactorily 
OD Rhenleb soil, partly becanse the Rhlneland had caaFed to be a 
great centre of civilisation as it had been In the middle sgat, part- 
ly becanse the sway of ecclesiastical princes is leas fsvaurabla to the 
steady piogjess of art than that ol hereditary sovereigns, and also 
becanse this anforiunate region was the theatre of numerous yr%n 
which of conrae paralysed all artiatlc effort. Although Renaissance 
art never tooli the form of a permanent and organic system, it has 
bequeathed to tbe Rhineland several worka of great importance. 
Foremost among these la the Caitle of Heldtlbery, tbe most sumptu- 
ous example of Geroian Renaissance, next to which we may men- 
tion the PoTcK of the BaOAata of Ctdogne, the fragment of tbe 
BailAmu of JUlieh, and the Schlota ofAicSa/fenbttrg. On the Upper 
Rhine, In the Palatinate, and In Baden we encounter a number of 
handsome chiteaui and pleasing houses In the Benalatance style of 
tbe 16th century. 

The history of the Pi^aitio Abt of the Renaissance period la 
traceable in the numeroua tombitonea of the IBtb and 17th oen- 
tulles, which are to be found not ontji in the Urge churches of the 
principal towns, but also in smaller and more remote places, such 
aa Shnmem, Boppard, and St. Amaal near Saarbrflcten. 

The dependence of the Rhineland on the Netherlands, wUch Is 
often noticeable In the province of architecture, is still more ob- 
vlona In the Faintinq of this period. Numerous Netherlands 
mastera migrated te the Qenaan courts, and tbe Qenuana thenb- 
aelves Imitated these foreign masters, even when they drew tbeir 
Inspitationa ftom the Italians. In the second half of the 16th cent. 
the Oenuan maatera fell under the influence of the Dutch school, 
■nd when French taste came to be in vogue they again yielded theli 
homage to the fashion of the day. Uany of these painters, even 
down to the 18th cent., such as Kooi, Jtincfecr, and Se^uiti, posMfied 

RAannaia's Rhine. IGlh Edit. e 


c«n(ldeiibl« BatDTkl ablUt; and maniul iklll, bat at the pteient d&y 
their works ne well-nigh eoDelgned ta oblirion. 

The most imposing of the Kbenieh edlBcea of the 18th eentorj 
ire the paUeea In the BABoaos and Kocooo Sttlbh, erected bj the 
various petty Rhenish princes, temporal and spiHtual, In imitation 
of thti palnce of Veruilles, aach aa those of Car^ru^, fiannheim, 
Brucbiol, Brahl, and Bonn. 

At the doae of the centory the Ehenlsh prinelpalitieB irere 
■wept away by the French Kevolution, and with them were eitin- 
guighed the last eigna of the litallty of art. After the reMMation 
otpeaoe, however, a revlTal began to take place. TheBolsaertfecalteC' 
tion(p.ixill)«aB themean« of bringing eatty-Rhenish art Into very 
favonrable notice and of inapicing the publio with confidence In the 
oapabiiitles of RlkeoUh attlats. The 'Romaiiticists' were desirons 
that Cologne sboold be made the new centre of art and Mience, but 
in ISlii the nnlversity vas founded at Bono, and in 1819 the 
academy at DOmbldobf waa re-established. The painter ComelUu, 
who iraa appointed director of the academy, and who niually spent 
the winter only at Dilsaeldorf (and the summer at Manlch). exer- 
eiaed no great InQuenoe on the progress of Rhenish art. He was 
anoceeded by WUhelm Schadmc (1827), under whose able guidance 
the DQsaeldorf School was broTight into the right Crack and seeared 
the favour of the pnblic. The chief subjects of the painters of this 
period are scenes ^m private lite, melancholy, aentlmental. and 
hamorous, or poetical themes readily intelligible to the middle 
claasea of aodety, and their style is generally pleasing. Some of 
tbe masters of this acbool, and particularly C, F. leasing, have also 
chosen themes of the deepest national Inteieat. Sixty yeara have 
elapsed since the Diiaa eld orf School first attained celebrity, and the 
public taite has undergone material changes since that period, but 
the indusMona colony of paintara on the banks of the DUssel still 
deservedly enjoys a high repatation. Lastly we may mention the 
aohool of art connected with the SiSdel Gallery at FajiNjtpORr, the 
academy of GaKL8BDHB, forming a kind of ofTahoot of the DQssel- 
dorf School, and (quite recently) Dabhbtadt, at all of which modem 
German painting Is taught and praotited with eoasidnahle sneceas. 


1. From^BrtuselB to Coiosne. 

141 M. By EiPBBSB In &«'/, hr». (ftres 28 fr. 25, 19 fr. 25 e.). S 
■Tticlea of Inggagc are eikmined it Herbeatbil, leelateTed IneBBge o 
rivkl It Cologne. Plust viewa between Lourkin and LUge to the ■ 
District between Lliie knd Aii-1»-Cli»pe)le replete with interest. 

BniHell'i'. — Hoteli, in tbe npper put of the town: Bblutdb, Ds 
FI.AHDU, Di L'EcBOra, B. et tbsse fioml<boiO, D. S-6, pens. IS'lrla Ir.; 
Mehsilcb, Bue Bojele 103, R. rrom 4, D. 6 fi.; Ds Fbibce, Hontagne du 
Pare 8, B. tron. fl , D. , peni. ll-li fr. In tbe lower pw^ of tbe town : 

pa L-rnrsBS st di SdIdi, kue Kenie 48' an" Bonl. du'^rd T, St 
these lhre«. R. from 4, D. 5, pens, from tS'/i ('■ i Db Sm, Di (.'Ehtekboii. 
Bqa Seure [111 H SSi: CanSLU., Piaes de la Bonns, pesB. 10 fr-i Ds 
less prelending. ' ■ ■' ' . 

Knsll^ Otanreh Berriee at the Church af (ht Rtmmttiim, In tlie Roe 
Btueart, and at CAWileAin-cA , Rne Ciespel, Avenue de la TolsDn d'Or. — 
BcaatiK PnihuUrian (AureA, Rue Bodenbroeck B. 

BnMtiU, the capital of Belgium and lesideDce of the king, oon- 
talna, including the sabuibs, about 670,000 liihab., of whom about 
2000 ue British. Like Paiie it posaesBaa its puks, boulevard}, caHi 
chantanCs, aod othei attractions \ but this Paris in miniature should 
be seen before the great Frenoh metropoUs by those who would avoid 

The passing Tisitoi is leoommended to take the fallowing w&lk, 
nhioh will occupy half-a-day. Adjaoent to the Rue Menve, which 
leads Grom tbe station into the city , rises tbe AfaWyrs' Monument, 
designed by Oeefs, and erected in 1838 to the memory of those who 
feU in the war with Holland in 1830. 

Then past the Thidtrt Boyal and the Bourse to the *B6tel Cl* 
VilU. The E. half of the magnificent facade of the latter was begun 
In 1401, the "W, in 1443 ; statues of Dokes of Brabant, erected In 
1853, replace those matilated by the aansculottea in 1792. On the 
W. aide of the Place de THfitel de Ville are vaiioua 'Gvild Routes, 
erected at the beginning of tbe 18th century. At the back of the 
H£tel de Ville, at the comer of the Bue du Chetie and the Rue de 
I'Etme, la the curioas Mannikin fountain. The Qalerit 81. Hubtrt, an 
arcade neat the H6tel de Ville, Is a handsome atructnre, 702 ft long, 
coDtalning some of the most ^mptiug shops in tbe city. The FUiee 
£oyal< Is adorned with tlxe equeitriia'Stattte of Qodfreydt Bouillon, 

t For a fnller description ot Belgian towns, lee Beiiekcr'i BilgiMm 
and Boilajui. 

BAUilicu'i Rhine. Kith Edit. 1 ■ 

2 Rou«.]. LOCTAIN. Frrm BnuieU 

In bronze; e"^eont^3l fty^Sfmijria Id 1848. The adjoining "Part is the 
fiTOUTit; promenade of Uie ciCizem. On the S. Bide rises the Royal 
^n(o«f,:oKtli'e^S-'?i'Je:tfi8 BaUOi dcia Nation. 
.;"-'fr-18tlB }o<he.'Wr_«^UL&MDh^r are the *Royal Musevmt, with 
their flne caUectjons of aacleiit and modem paintings and modern 
BCDlpture. — Not fu from the Fslais de la Nation, beyond the Rae 
Koyale, Is the 'Cathtdral (Stt. Ouduie ct St. Miehtl), tha Unast ehuroh 
in BrnsseU, with two truncated Gothic towers. It was erected in tbe 
13-14th cent., but the choir and the anflnished W. towers are of 
the 15th, the large chapel of tbe Sacrament of the 16th cent., and 
the whole was leitoied In 1848-56. — The *Ptilau dt Jtutiee, In 
the PUoe Polaert, erected in 1866-83 after plans by Folaert, at m 
expense of 2,000,0001,, is one of the most imposing buildings of 
modern times'. — Tie Muiie WUrti, with most of the works of 
that talented but eccentric painter, lies about 1/4 M. to the S.K. of 
the Park. 

At (2 M.) Schacrbak, tiie first rail way-station, the Malloes line 
dliarges to the left. Then several small stations. 

18 M. LDUTaiu, Flem. Leaven ot Loven (HBtels de Suidt, de la 
Cow de Mont) I pap. 42,000. The traveller who stops here should 
not tail to tialt the '*BStel de VilU, a magnificent edifice In the 
Uter Gothic style, erected in 1447-63, and tbe Gothic *Church of St. 
Peter, dating from the I5tb centary. The choir-atalla (16th cent.) 
in tbe CAurch of St. Gertrude also merit inspection . 

291/iM. Tiilemont, or Thienen (Nouveau Monde: HStel Pan- 
laerli), occupies an extensive area, nearly 6 H. in circumterence, 
but is thinly peopled (17,800 inbab.). The Church of St. Oermain 
probably dates from the 12th century. 

The train next traverses a lofty emhankioent, ifTardlng an ei- 
teneive view. In clear weather the Lion and the Prussian monu- 
ment at Waterloo may be distinguished in tbe distance to the right. 

Between (33 H.) &s<mael andLonden the line intersects the plain 
ot Neerwindm, tbe scene of two great battles. In tbe first tbe Allies 
under Vllliam in. of England were defeated In the Spanish War 
of Succession by the French under Marshal Luxembourg, 29th July, 
1693j in the second tbe French under Domourtez were defeated by 
theAusttians under tbe Duke ofCohurg, 18th March, 1793. — 38 M. 
LuideiL|'J?SteIcf< la flesftove.) was the birthplace ot Pepin of Landen, 
ancestor of Pepin the Little and Charlemagne, and 'major-domo' of 
Clothaiie II. He died bere in 640, and wag interred on tbe hill 
which hears his name. 

47 M. Waremmt. Tbe undulating, agricultural district of Bra- 
bant, with its phlegmatic Oermanio inhabitants, U quitted near 
(58 M.) Am (490 ft. higher than Li6ge) for a mining tract with a 
Walloon population, remarkable for their astivity and viTscity. 

As the train descends the rapid (1 : 30) incline to LlSge, a fine 
view of tbe city and the valley at tbe Meuse <s obtained. 

to Ccloftte. T8BVIKRS. I. SouU. 3 

62 M. li^tm, Flem. Lu^ Got. LuUk* (flHd dc Svidt: BSttt 
tAngUlerrt; Hdt^ dt rEmrOft, etc), il at importuit indastrUl 
town with 169,000 inhibiUnts. A stioit stwj here Ghould be dSTOted 
to Ae PdJou dt Jutliet, the Obvrdh o/" St. Jaegua, the CaUkdroI 
C*l. P<iut), .nd, for the sake of the riew, the CibHlcl. 

BeTond Li^ Uie House is croased by the handsome Font dii 
Vol BStuM. NnmeTODs lofty chimneys afford iodieiticiD of the pros- 
perity of the district. The extensile ElDO-fooDdiy of &e VitUU- 
MoiOagnt company is next passed, and the Ourtit cmssed. 64 H. 
Chinie, the flrststatian beyond Li^e, is another minnfacturing town. 

66 H. Qiandfontaine ("Orond-BeicI da Bobm; *BSL ifAngh- 
lerre) is a imall, but pleturesqaely-sitaated watering-place, with a 
tbermal spring (104° Pahr.), rising on an island in the Vtadrt. 

Beyond the next tanoel, the pietaresque castle of La Sothtltt 
is seen on an eminence to the left. NearL^ Trooi the ancient oastle 
of that name, now a mannfactoTy of gnn-banels, is perahod on the 
lOOks to the right. Farther on, to the right, is the castle of n^ipont. 

Between C^l'^ MO tittaottoaax and (74Vs H.] Ptpaater, to the 
tight, stands the ChSUau da Mmurei l^tntuurc ^ mined house), 
said to ocoopy the Bite of a bunting-seat of EIng Pepin. At Pep- 
inslei ('Pepin's tene') a branch-line diverges to Spa, the well 
known watoring-plaoe, T'/jM. distant. — TBi/jM. Eniival, 

77>/3 H. Torrimi (B6ul it totidro, in the town ; B6UU <iu 
Chimin dt Fer and d'AiUmagnt, both at the station), with 52,500 
inhab., the Junction for Bleybeig (see p. 1), is a busy oommetcial 
town. Here and in the environs upwards of 400,000 pieces of oloth 
are manufactuied annually. 

On an eminence near (S2Vg M.) Dolhai-a, a modern town, pictui- 
eaqnely sitnatod In the valley of the Vesdie, stands the ancient for- 
tress otLimbwrg, almost the sole remnant of the capital of the duchy 
of that name, destroyed by Loula XIV. in 1675. Pedestrians will 
be lepaid by a walk (about 35 M.) from Dothain viii Verneis to Liige. 

86VaU. HaTbeathel ('Rail. Rotauraat; Beltevut), the first Ptus- 
alan village, la the frontier'Statlon (branch-line to Euptn, p. 13). 
The oostom-honse formalities cause a detention of about >/] hr. 
here. Beyond (89V2 M.) Astrntt^ Lontsen and the castle of WeJften- 
hatuen lie to the left. The train ciosses the valley of the Qohl by 
a handsome viaduct, 120 ft. In height. To the left lie (91 M.) 
Btrgenrath, and, in the distance beyond, the Emmahurg, situated 
on the slope of wooded hills (p. 13). 

The tiain next passes through two tunnels (191 yds. and 833 yds. 
lespeotlvely), and finally descends to the Rhenish Station at — 

97 H. Aiz-la-Chapelle. — Kailway BtatlaM. I. lOimUh StaUim (PI. 

5, b\ for Cologne, Verviarg, and Liige. — 2. MaiichUr-Thor StaHen CPI. G, 

6, 6|, torOladbuh, DiUHldorf, Haanriohl, and Antwerp. — 3. Timpliriini 
ataUan (Fl. A, 3). tor the s>me lineJ as No. 2 and alao for Wdkcaraedt, 
Vervlen, and Ll^ — 4. CDin-llvyr or JUieh Slatlra ot the Aii-la-Ctaanells 
and Jilich laUway (PI. P, 1). 


>Ios.Kuni (PI. »i'c, 3), BucholSJ, B. a'/i-lO, B. !■/,, D. (ip.m.ji, pens, 
from 6 J( ; •HoTKL irmtmsa (PI. b ; C, d, 1), Frieirich-Wlftielm-P1»K 6, 
oppoeits the EliiBnbrunnen, vlth garden aid (he d^pendiacit E>is;cbiid, 
neubud, LDd Quirinnabad (see below). R. rrom S, B. IVi, D- at j.SO p.m. 1, 
K 7 p.m. *!/., pern, from tt jli •Hssmon'* ettiSD-Hfiiu,, Comnhainbii- 
8tr. le-ao, »dJoining the Corneliasb.d (<ee below). R. Si, B. ii/4, B. at 
1.30p.m. y/i, «t 7 p.m. 4, petu. 8-13 j|.- 'HSr.!. di l'Empmbub (PI. di C, 3). 
Edel-Str. e, B. from S>/i, B. li/,, D. 3, pens, from 7 A: iKfuiu Geowh 
(PI. (; D, 2), AleiiBder-Slr. 36, wllb earden, B. from 3. B. 1, D, 3, pem. 
from 6 Jl; -Mosopol (formsrlr BiOevv: PI. c, C 3), Holi|r»beii li, newly 
furoished, a. a-3Vi, B. •/(, D. 3, pens, from BV. Jl; Dsagob o-0» (Pi. gt 
G, D, 3|, Comphauibid-Slr. Sj Elspbiht (PI. h; 0, 3), Urgnlinsr-Str. 11, 
0ppo«ll«lheBUaen-G»rteiiiKoBioTOK8p*Hira(Pl. ijC,!), Kleinmscsthler- 
8ir, B, commerci.l, B. * B. 2 j| 80-8 ^ 50 pt., D. ind. wine 3Vi, peoa. e Jl, 
well ipoken of; CAiLaHADt ( C,l}, tta p. tt; Wiluilmbhof, Frtedrich- 
TCilhelm-Plili 3, B. from 2, B. 1, D, lVi'3, pens, (ram b Jl; ScaEDnii, 
near the Elleenbrumiaa, tbeee Ibcee all hotela-reetixiruits. — Siar Ih* 
BAmiih BUHoa: -I'moB Hotel (PI, 1; D, 5j, B»hnhof-Pl»li 1, E. from 2"(i, 
B. 1, D.3 Jl: °HdTEL do Nou>, RSmer-Slr. S, S.»~i, B. 1. D. 2>/!, pcna. ASJl; 
HSlEL-EuTADunT E^liBBoF, Hocb-Str. 3 BDd Wall-Sir. ttb (PI. D, t), 
commercial, B. Si/rS, B. 1. D. 3, peiu. 6 J. Plainer: Botil DObeh, 
BBbnhot-Plali 4, B. li/i-3>/i. B. >/4. b. from l>/<, pens, from 1^,-De<iihb, 
Wsll-Str. 1. — JViar lAi fauilirbeHJ SlnHm.- Klodbebt, TemplerEuben 
64-66, wltb reslaurant 

Bath KaUbllihlUDla (also hotels, aod open thraaEboat Ibe whole 
yeai^ no table d'bSM). In connecUon with (he 'Upper Springs' (p. 10): 
KaiHfbai (PI. 36; C, 3), Blicbsl 26-30, well lllUd np, Staiadffl. 3B|C, 3), 
Bnchel 31, Quiriauibaii (PI. SSi C,3), Hof 7, cheBper: these three belong 
to Ibe H">t. KnelleDS (lee aboie). Kenisin v,m tr»(ro.-n (PI. 37 ; C, 3), Edel- 

are inpplied b; the 'Lower Springs': Asmind (PI. 40; C, 3|, CoraeUtubad 
(P1.3S;C,S1, theie two connected with Henrloo's Grand-HStel (leeBboTe)) 
ComphaiaM (PI, 3t ; C, 3) , all three near the Curhans. Bath-hnuiee at 
BurltiMi. lee p. IS. — Cold utiA Warm BalAi at the Smmmiit! Balht, 
Adalbert-Sleinweg 10, with restanranl. 

Kotaumati. WiHt. •Cvrhint (p. 10), D. 2'ltJt; ■2<U]wj, Elisen. 
braaaeB (p. 10); JAiniiwJ, see aboie; Schtsfnt, Theater- Plitz G; KIMa Mn 
;!!piw<n>, aeeaboTSi CarMoui, leeLboTeg JWi, Edel-Btr. 13i Btlhtl-Buai, 
Retbel-Btr. 1; Si'lioliiaf, Frledrich-Wllhalm-Plati 7, wilb rlebl;-deeonted 
ronmi. — niBiiu. £«iiarU, KloatereaaselS (P].B,3). — Bebb. All-Bacam. 
KBrd-Str.43(Pl.D,4), D. l-li^j(t Eilpftri, Carlthma, afi 

,_...jn-, Friedridi-rflllielin-Plali 3, witB large garden' (concerts)) 

Wllbelm-Platz 8i Railutitltr, aro9ikain-8tr. 1, wltli music; fitr Jahm- 
teUm (alio hotel), CapuriBergisben 13, opposite the the.Btrei FielarU, 
at the Eaiserhof Hotel (see above), with a handsome concert-room. 

Catii. At the Ourhmi (see p. 10)i at the BlittHbrvnitn (p.l0|; JTmo- 
po{, WiOiUmihiif, see aboye i KaUtr-Caft, on the gronndfloor of the Hfllel 
SueUens; at the Lousbtrg (see p. 13]. — Cobeectiowebb. Wahl, Theator- 

(1) Pir drin: Within Ali-l^Chapelle and BDrtscbeid, 1 pen. 60, each 
additional pen. 30 pC ; luggage under 3l»lbs. Free, trunk 30 pt — To the 
BelvedBFC Inn on the Lmnbirg, 1-2 pen. 1 Jl tO pf., 3-4 pers. 3 A. 

(3) Bv Unu: Each V> hr. 1-2 pen. 1^30pf., 34 pen. I ^ 60 pf . i each 
additional 1/, hr. SG or lb pf. 

SmMc Tnawaya travene Aii-la-Chapelle and Bnitacbcid Id larioua 
diteellons (10-30 e.Ji comp. the Plan. OnUide Ibe town: lo the SloA- 
Watd (Bonbaide, (}arlabtibe), UautnthamOim . and FanOiaat Oitjil (these 
Iluee lines run to Ibe Aaebener Wald or Burtacbeider Wald)) lo Baartn 

D,an:tci;. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

to Cologne. AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. 7. fiouM. O 

Barttttbtrg (WiHalmrteln), faiU (three t»Toiirile remrU), to Btrrtfmran, 
SloVitrg, Eichmittr, FioW, etc. 

Put mi Tal^nph OtSte, CapniinergTaben IT ud Ttaealei-Plata 10-12 
(PLC,*; p. 6). For Wneh-otHcM, sw the Plin. 

TbMttH. aiadl-nualer (PI. 0, ii p. S), performoncu in winter only ;~ 
Bernarii' Baiiim-Thcatir (Fl. C, D. 3], Adalberl-Str. 30-i4, with concert- 
room, garden, snd tea taurint , EUn-TlHaUr {PI, C, 4), Frsnz-Slr. IB, rarieties. 

TLiton' T«a. For > year, 1 pers. 16, ewh Addlliansl pers iOJti for 
two months In aommer, 12, ! pera, 50, ek addili^ikH person B Jt (In 
winter BO per cent lesa). 

ITnlted StfttBi □sniul. fyant M. Bnmdoft, Biq., U HeiniieliS'Allfe. 

Eniliih Ohnreb (SI. Alianra). Conven(-3tr. ; leivices on Son. >t 8 ■.[!■., 
11 a.m., snd 1 p.m. Eeeidant Ch^lain, Bee. C. F. Jona, B.A. 

Aix-la-CkapeUt (615 ft.), Genoia AaiAen, a very uiclent town 
with 136,335 inbab. (including Burtscheid, p. 12; ineoTporated in 
1697), the Aquae Orani of the Romans, lies in a fertile baain sur- 
rounded by gently sloping, wooded hills. It is a msnatsctaring town 
of same importance, with upwards of 100 cloth- tactotiee, 46 iron- 
foundriee and machine-ebope , etc. Aachen was frequently the 
residence of the Franldith liinge, and it was a favourite abode of 
Gbarlemagoe, who made it the capital of his dominions to the N. of 
the Alps, and died here in 814. From his deatb down to the ac- 
oession of Ferdinand I. (1531) Aiz witnessed the coionaCioQ of all 
the German empeiois (30), and was oalled par eicellenct the free 
city of the Holy Roman Empire and seat of royalty Curbs Aquentit, 
urbi rtfalU, rtgni ledei principalii, prima regum curia'). In the 
middle (gas Aix-la-ChapeUe was the scene of many imperial diets 
and ecclesiastical convocations, and in and after the 17th cent. 
EeTeral congresses met here. In 16Q8 the peace between Louie XIV. 
and Spain was concluded here, by which the French Idng abandoned 
his pretensions to the Netherlands ; the second Peace of Aix-Ia- 
Ghapelle, of 1748, terminated the Austrian Wat of Succession', snd 
by the treaty of 1818 the German armies were recalled from France. 
In 1793 the town was ooeupied by the French; in 1801 it became 
oapilal of the Department of the Roer; and in 181D it passed to 

Externally this venerable imperial city has retained few celici 
of her ancient history, and is now practically a modem town. The 
cathedral, the Rathhans, a few relics of the mediieTal fortiScatione, 
now converted into promenades, such as the restored liaridiUr-Thor 
(PI. G, 5), the Ltmgt TImrm (PI. A, 3; fine view from the top, adm. 
20 pf.), and the recently restored Pont- TAof (PI, B, 2), dating from 
the 14th cent., and the Afari<n6ur£i (PI. B,l), of the 16tb cent., are 
the only remains of the old town. 

The open space in front of the Shmiih Station^. D, 6; p. 3) 
Is embellished with the *Warrior>' JIfonumcnl (PI. "iZ), designed by 
Drake and erected In 1872 in memory of the wars of 1866 and 
1870-71. — Passing the handsome modem Gothic Maritn-Kircltt 
(PI. 11; D, 4, 5), in brielc, erected by Stats, we reach the broad 
TBM.Tut-STBAsaB, and follow it, to the left, to the TaEATBB-PbAiz 

6 Route 1. AH-LA-CHAPELIE. From BrvsitU 

fPl. C, 4), in the' centre of which atinda the Thtalre, erected In 
1823-36 and enlarged in 1901. Opposite (S.W.) ue the Qovtmmeat 
Suildinf I (PI. 20). Adjacent are a TeEefrrnphToucr and the entnnoe 
to the hsndBome Poit Ofpct (Fl. 28; C, 4). in the CapnzinecgiabeD. 
The Gothic CaTlshaut (Fl. k j C, 4) , at the corner of the Theater- 
Platz and the CapDzinergraben, lerves bb the meeting-pUce (or 
TSrlDUB Bofflsn Catholic Bocietie a. In frontoftlie theatre, on the W., 
is an eqne9tiianstataeof£niperarWtUiani J., byF. Schapet (1901), 
with allegorical reliefs on the pedestal. — Friadrinb-Wilhelm-PUtz 
and Ellaenhrunnen, see p. 10. Pasting the latter on the left, we 
proceed through the Ursuliner-Sti. to the cathedral, which rises 
nearly in the centre of the town. 

The ■Oathadnl, ox HlniUr (PL C, 3), consists of two distinot 
parts in difierent styles of architactnie. The portion erected by 
Cbirlemagne In 796-804 as the coort and national chnrch of the 
Carlovingian kingdom, and conseorated by Leo III., a noble example 
of the Byzantine style, is an octagon copied from San Vitale at Ra- 
venaa, and built by Hastei Odo, 48 (t. in diameter, surrounded by 
a sliteen'Blded ambnlatory, and terminating in a cupola, 104 ft. 
high. The eight gables of the central structnre are of the beginning 
of the 13th cent., the fantastic roof is of the ITtb. The octagon is 
surrounded by aeTeral Otaptlt, built in the 14th and 15th cent., and 
afterwards pairtly altered. On the W. side are the principal entrance 
and Testibnle, Bnmonnted by a modern Gothic bell-tower, with a 
pointed and slated roof. Adjoining the octagon on the E. is tiie lofty 
and elegant Gothic Choir, begun in 13&3, and completed in 1413. 

Tbtoi^h the W. portal, the Bronze Doort of which were cast 
aboDt 804, or the adjacent side-door, we enter the Vbstibulb, where, 
on modern pillars, stand a brazen Wolf (or 8he-Btar), a Roman work 
of the 3rd 0( 4th cent., and a Pine Con*, dating from the 10th cent., 
both having donbtleBs once belonged to foantains. According to a 
medixial legend, the devil helped in the conBtmction of the church 
on condition that the first liTing being that entered the building 
should be sacrificed to hin>. The magistrates entered Into the com- 
pact, but outwitted the deril by admitting a wolf into the sacred 
edifice on its campletion. 

The Inthbiob of thb Outaoon is borne by eight massiTe pillars, 
which Bepatale the central space from the surrounding two-storied 
ambnlatory. The lofty, ronnd-arohed openings of the upper story, or 
'HochmOnstet'(p. 7), are enlirened with a double row of columns, of 
unequal length, some of them in marble, others in granite, brought 
from Rome, Trites, and RaTenna. Some of them were replaced by 
new ones in 1845, and the capitals are all new. The large Motaio 
In the dome, on a gold ground, representing Christ surrounded by 
the 24 Klders of the Apocalypse, wm eieonted at Venice in 1885 
by BalviaU, from a 17th cent, copy of an old moaalc with which 
the dome was originally adorned. The reit of the central church 

to Coiognt. AK-LA-CHAPBLLE. J. BouU. 7 

hu been adDrned since 1902 with mosaics and maible, from the 
dMlgDs ot H. Schtper. Above are the twelve Apostles, two arch- 
angels, Maiy and John the Baptist, irith ChaTlemagne as founder 
und Pope Lea III. ag consecratoi of the chuich. In the fileze below 
the original insciiption of eight rerses has been tepioduced; and 
the columns are once mote, aa formerly, encased In cipolliuo. The 
gilded Condeldintm, opward* of 13 ft. In diameter, was presented 
by Frederick Barbaiosaa in 1165. The insoiiption 'Carole Maguo' on 
the pavement beneath it Is modern. The tomb of the great emperoi 
was probably in a ohapel adjoining tbe church. — Tbe so-called 
UnforUcht Captllt, adjoining the octagon on the S. (to the right of 
the W. entrance), recently restored in the baiQqne style, contains 
the treasury {p. 8j, — The oblong Knui-Captllt, or Chaptl of 8t. Si- 
cholai, on the N.W. aide, retains its Gothic architectnie of the 
second half ot the 15th centnry. 

The egTBH leads to tbe late-Gotblc Oldistku, which weie restored 
in 1SQ4; to tbe rlibt is the latg-Romanesque Purgalorf Chaptt, eieeted br 
PhiHpofSwabia after 1300, nlth r-rlch fa^dei (he 'QuadFUm- (court) con- 

The Gnom is remarkable (or its light and elegant proportions. 
The thirteen windows (83 ft. high, 6-16 tt. wide) are filled with 
modern •StaiTied Olatt, representing scenes from the life of the 
Virgin (Aseamption and Coronation designed byComelins), execnt- 
ed partly at Berlin, and partly at Cologne and Ali. On the pillats 
between the windows are statnes of Charlemagne, the Virgin Mary, 
and the Twelve Apostles, of 1130, recently colonred. In tbe centre 
hangs a piece of wood-carving (1564) above the empty Tom5 of 
Otko III. (d. 1002). In front of the tomb is a Rtading De»k, conaist- 
ing of an eagle on a rich stand of open-work, cast in copper in 
the I5th century. To the right and left are Winged Allan , with 
paintings ot tbe Cologne School (15th cent.). The Pulpit, adorned 
with copper-gilt plaques with embossed designs, precioas stones, 
and carved ivory (6th and 8th cent.), was a gift of Henry II. (d. 1024), 
bnt restored in the 17th cent.; It is protected by a wooden cover. 
The High Altar is a modern work ftom Schneider's designs (1876), 
in which seTeral old columns have been incorporated. The Epiicopal 
IKrofM and other modern church fomiture also deserve notice. The 
sacristan shows the pulpit, the imperial throne, and the sarcophagus 

The HoohmUnbtbb, or gallery of the octagon, contains the lately 
restored Tyrone of CharltmapK, composed of marble elabs, which 
was used during divine service by Charlemagne and hii successors, 
and afterwards at the imperial coronations. An ancient sarcophagns. 
In Parian marble, with the Sape ot Proserpine In relief, preserved 
in the gallery of the Kreaz-Capelle (see above), passes for the coffin 
of Charlemagne (see above). The Balv»tradt between the colnmns 
was catt about the year 804, and like the bronze doors (p. 6) Is of 
CarioviniJam workmanship. — The CarU-CaptlU, which adjoins the 

8 RouU I . AIX-LA-GHAPELLE. Prom Bruraeb 

Boohmllneter on the N., ditegfrom theeecondhslfof tlifll5tli cent; 
t)ie*Annil'Oip<U<, on the S.,ws8 eonaecrated In 1449. TheUoHAfl* 
CktpelU, also on the S., built In the Utter half of the 14th cent., U 
aaed ib a sacristy. 

Ths rich 'Oatbedial Tt«udt7 {sbowa dftlly, ucept aondaii and feitl- 
Til), from 10 to 6 o-elock ; ticket for 1-S psrgong 3 jl, for sacli addltlanal 
psnon 1 ^! apply to tlie fiacrlitu, Domhof Si a ainels IraTeJler will 
frtquenUy Bad o poor tan it<ee uf joiaiiig a party) Is coalaiaed la the aboTa- 
DiBalluned Ungarfscbe Capelle. The chief ohjects of inlerest are the 
rullowlDg: M. Qoldea JMqmtdtMm resembling the Palad'Oro In St. Xark'i 
at Venice, with aiilean reponsaS reliefs, rspreaaBtioE scetiBa from the 
Paarion, etc., a gift uf Bmp. OlhQ III. and restored by Emp. William I. 
tn 1872; 16. Snmptunas I.le-Rqraane»qne lilTCr ShHnt of Ihi Four Ortal 
KeUci. eieenWd in 1220-38 (sOntaiQing the 'robe Qf the Virgin, the 

Lothab-e III., preiented by that emperor (d, 1137); 19. aaiman Sural 
Croon, Uth cent.; 31. HuMmf Bora of Charltmagnt, of Oriental i>or* 
worki numerons mediieiia juseta, In gold and siWer, candelabra, and 

oloied by iriaged doon. on ths iuidss of which are paintings of the 
early-Flemith aod early-Cologne achooll. 

To the W. of the cathedral, in the Fiechmarkt, la the building 
for the ArnhiTBi (PI. 21; B, C, 3), handsomely fitted up in the 
Interior, OFected in 188&-89 on the site of the earliest town-hall of 
Ail (of 1267j subsequently called the 'Graa'), of which the fa;ad« 
has been retained; the statues of the seven electors are modern. 
A permanent Stlttiion ofDaiMmtnU 1b shown on week-days, 12-1, 
free. A common staircase connects the Aiehiveswilh thenaw Liirary 
(90.000 Tols), opened in 1897. 

To the E., behind Che choir of the cathedral, is the ChurcA of 
St. Foillan (PI. 9 ; 0, 3), the oldest parish-chuich In the town. The 
present building, dating from the late-Oothic period, was rebuilt 
In the 17th cent, and restored in 1883-88. — The Chureh of 
SI. Michael, or Jciuiti' Chur<A (PI. 12; B, C, 4), boilt in 1618-28, 
contains a Descent from Che Cross by Honthorst (1632). Neuly 
opposite is the Real-Oymniuiwn (PI. 25; B, G, 4), opened in 1891. 
— ITie Church of St. Paul (PI. 13; B, 3) conUins the remains of 
frescoes of the 15tli cent, and modem atained-gtaes windows. 

To the N. of the cathedral Is the Moskt-Platz (PI. C, 3), with 
a Fountain and a poor statae of Charlemagne erected in 1620. Here 
is situated the *Xathhan«, or Town Ball (PI. C, ^'), a handsome 
Gothic adiace, begun about 1333 on the site, and partly with the 
fragments of tbe ancient Carloiinglan palace, and completed, with 
the eiceptlon of the oinamentation, about 1360. After a partial 
restoration, the building was Injnted by a fire in 1883, by which the 
two towers, the Markl-TliUTm to the W. and the Oranwi-Tfturm to 

to Coloffne. AIX-LA-GHAPELLE. I. Route. 9 

tha E., freie almoit entirely buined down. Both belonged Id Urge 
part to tlie Bocient palace, and die latter serred as etorehouEe foT 
the Imperial arcliiTeB and CreMuite. The Bnbseqnent complete le- 
Btoiatlon, by Q. Frentzen, vas completed in 1902. On the facade 
aie 64 statues of Qerman emperors, and over the windows of the 
flrat flooT ia a frieze with 28 lellefs tepTeaentiDg s'cieaoes, arts, 
trades, tad mannfaetiiTeB. Below are coats -of- anna. The Tear- 
fa^ade ia emIielliBhed with statues of Alcoln, Eginhard, Benedict of 
Anlane, Wlbald of StaTelot, and the buigomasters Oeihaid Chorus 
and Johann ion Punt, besides Tarious costs -of-srms. 

A fligbl of Uepa, erfcted in 13TU, leads from lh« marliet-plBcs to tbs 
Vtitibult an Ibe BfsI floor, which is decorated wilh motloes and the 
wmoriBl bearinge of the gnlldi (ring for the cnBludlan; adm, 60 nf.|. The 
nliefi on tbe i^irfal lepreBent the coronation banquet ofBadoirf. and the 
burghers of Aii-la-Cliape!le Uking the oath of allegiance aflei the revolt 
of tl3Si above is tbe HiijetUs DDmim, with Charlfmaene and Leo HI. — 
The gUlrcue. added in lg4tj, ii adorned witli mural |uilntings or ecanes 
from local history, bj Prof. A. Baur. The windows ehow the arms of 
varioiu local famUies who have held monlelpal omce. 

The KaiisTiaal, a hall 55 jia. loni and '^ydg. wide, with raalting 
borne br fonr maJiBive plan, occopies the whole length of the QppBi 
floor. The walla are decorated with eight ■FuscoBs, which rank among 
the flneal modem eiamplei of Uatorical painting; the flnt four are b7 
^IA-"<X('A(l(bomalAli]gie, d-lSSS)! theotheri, deilgned by him, were 

1. The Kmp. tilho 111. opaninf the bnrial-vBoli of CharleinariOi 
i. Overthrow of the 'Irmentaule' ; 3. Battle with the SBracene at Cordova-, 
1. Conqaeat of Pavia in TTl (Iheae by BellieC}; b. BantiBm of Wittekind and 

■■— ■- " " ' "■'■— '- Bt Peter'a at BoniB-, 7. Building 

AbdicaHon of Charlemagne and 

__ The pien and vaulting bear 

The vrindowB contain armorial bearingl of 
uw omimrurBi .n luc unci (the old chapel) are email atainad-Blaas painl- 
tngi vrlth icene* from ths life of the Virgin and the apoalie* Philip and 
Jtunel the Elder, by Qiltrralh. Fine echo. 

of Frederick William 111. (IBIT), Frederick WUIiam IV. (both br Baurl), 
ihe fiinparDrs Leopold 1., Chariea VI., Charles VII. (by /. ran Saul, 1142), 
Francis I., WllUam I. W, wn tPsrwr, 1890), andFrederick 111. (J. «« Jival*. 
1B8B1, the Empress Maria Theresa, Charlemigne (by au unknown master 
of Iha leih cent.), Pope Clement IX., and others. 

The Gothic addiHon with the masaive square tower on the "W. 
side ot tlie Rathhaus, between the Chorus-Platz and the Kloster- 
gBsee , is the Afunkipol AdnanSilrati'Dt Officet. 

In the Gross kSln-Str»6 96, which leads from the martet to the 
N.W., is the St. Nicolaui-Kinhe (PI. 0, 3), containing ao altar-piece 
by IHepenbeeck, a pupil of Eubens. — In the Templeigraben, near 
the TemplBrbsud Station, is situated the Khenish - Westpbalian 
Poljrtnhnio Sohool (PI. B, % 3], built by Crtmtr In 1865-70, and 
now attended by 700 students. The handsome staircase and hall 
■boold be inspected. Adjacent Is the Chemical Laboratory, a flne 
Renaltaance edifice bnilt in 18T9, with accommodation for 120 
itudents; and in the HsIteset'Strasse is the Minhig and EUciric 
8thoal, completed in 1897. — The Oiurch of St. Jamts (PI. 10; 
A, 4), B Etomanesqne edifice vith a handsome towet, built by Wlet- 

10 Boule 1. AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. From Bnutdt 

base in 1877-82, ia situated in the S.W. cofner of the town. Nam 
it ii tb« Zoologieal Gardtn, laid oat In 1886, a fivoDrite reaoTt 
('Reatamant, concerta; adm. 60 pf.). 

The celebrated n'sim SuLrEna SpftlHoa of Aix, which were 
known to the Romraa, rise tiom the limeatone-roek, and there are 
alio aereral ctialyheate spriDga which bare tbeit source in the clay- 
slate. Of the former the chief ie the KaiatniutiU (13i°F»hi.\ whioh 
liaeg on the 'BQchel' or slope of the market-hill (PI. G, 3), and 
supplies the Kaisethad, Neu1)ad, 'Queen ofHnngary', andEHsen- 
bruQuen. The QutrinuaqutUt (125"] rises in the 1)ath-houBe of that 
name in the neighbouring 'Am Hof . These two apitngg are called 
the 'Obeie Quellen'. The 'Uotere Qaelten', as tbe BoKnqutlU 
(116°) and CoTntUtaqxitlU (113°) ue called, riae in the Comp- 
hanabad-StraBBs, a little to the N.G. of the others. The baths of 
Aix-U-Chapelle are annaally ilsited by about 4000 patients. 

TheEIiiBnbniiuicn(Pl.G,3,4], as the drinking tpringia named 
after the consott of Fred. William IV., ia in the Friedrieh-'WilUlm- 
Plate. The Doric colonnade connected with it, 90 yd*, long, wa« ' 
designed by Schinkel and erected in 1822-24, Two flights of steps 
descend to the 'Trinhbslle' iCafi-RttlaitTotU la the pavilions and 
colonnade). — At the back of the colonnade ia the Hisen-Qarltn, 
where another Trinkhalle was erected in 167B, and where a hand 
plays from 7.30 to 8.30 a.m. and 12 to 1 p.m. during the aeason 
(p. 4). — The garden opens on the other side on the Drsu liner- Strasse, 
whioli is contiuued to the N. by the EDEL-STSissH and the BdcHBL, 
with seTeral of the bath-houses mentioned on p. 4. Tho cellar of the 
Kanigin -oon Vagam (PI. 37 ; C, 3) contains remains ot an ancient 
lioman bath, which extended as far as the neighbouring streets, and 
was connected with an aqueduct coming from BurtBcheid (p. 12). 
The discovery of stamps of the 6th legion ('Viclrti') refeta the 
building to between TO and 120 A.D., when that legion was 
stationed on the Lower Rhine. 

From the Friedrich-Wllhelm-Plati aOTeral streets, flanked with 
handsome shops, lead to the N.E. to the CoKFOAnsnAD-STiusBE, 
In which, opposite the bath-honaea, stands tbe Caibttm (f\. D, 3), 
built In 17tj2 but extensively altered and enlarged aince. It coa- 
taina a large ball and conceit room, a reitaarant, and a reading- 
room (open till 10 p.m.; adm. 50 pf . , to concerts and festivals 
1 Jl'). At the back of the Curhana, and facing the Cur-CorCtn, is 
the Cniiftal, in tbe Mooiiah style, bnilt by Wickop in 1863-64. 
Symphony-concerts take place here weekly. 

NeartheCurhausaretheCiureio^-St. PeJer (PL D, 2), bnilt In 
1714, and the Synagogue (PI. 32; D, 3), In the Moorish style, 
designed by Wickop. Farther to tbe S., in the Adalbert-Strasse, 
which begins at the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Platz (see above), rises the 
Ciurcfc of St. Adalbert (PI. E, 3), founded by Emp. Henry II. in 1006 
in honour ot St. Adalbert, who was martyred in Prussia. This build- 

. to Calogttf AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. 1. RouU. 11 

ing his been mach altered at TBCioos dates, and was almost entirely 
teTjuilt by Wiethaae In 1873-76. — In the Kaiser-Platz, near the 
chnrob, rises the SaiserbTunnen, a tasteful fountain erected in 1879. 
— A little to the S., intheRichard-Straase, la the Proteatant (Kr isluB- 
Kirehe (PI. D, E, 4), by G. Frentzen. Adjacent, ■Wilheim-Sti. No. 18, 
is the former Pataii CaiiaCtttt, built by E. Llnae in 1866. now 
containing the — 

*BaBrmondtl[aMtuii(Pl. 30:E, 4). The ohiet attraction ot this 
maseum ts > collection of 133 Talnahle paintings of the early- 
Qeiman, Flemiah. and Spanish schools, presented in 1882 to hia 
native town by Herr Bartholomta Sucrmondt [d. 1887), a well- 
known connoissear and patron of art. Various local antiquities and 
ohjecta of industrial art have heen added to these. Open free on 
Snn. * Wed. lO-l (In summer also 3-5); other days adm. 60 pt. ; 
closed on Mon., except to strangers, who pay 1 ^. Director, Dr. Kiaa, 

Ohodiiii Floob. In a room to tbe right of Ihe vsilibnlB is the ColleOiBn 
0/ fiViMcffift, beyond which ia lbs fDrmei banqaelins-room with tile Oramfc 
Celiiatan (ttoaeware rrom RaereD. p. 13, etc.). ElhmifTaphical Eeclim. — 
A corridor eoiitaiiis preUiloiie, Rodud, and Fiaekish dittcoveriea &gd 



- Four 


1 floor c"i 

main p 



Sm-i de Bla. 

FUshi ii 



r. d^«^OD^ Dutch ooltae 

iTlV. B, 

-or. In praise o 


1 berrtDB 

le. FlahwIfB 


1 35. 


39. P. 

SHlMUsi 93, 

A. Cmrjp, 1 

w. Flinct 

, Portr 



yonnK ladji 

la. m^^. 


Ball . 

. Biia, 


C. d. ^«B, 

M. I 




\ .ITrm; 

e, 80. 


-, Lady. 83. 

Van drr Lam, 

Doloh cotl»B 

L>aa dfl- 

Uler 1 

ran Baarim, 




, Porlralli 




189. PeaMnW braw!, A. Coyp, 177, 8illl-llte, 178. Bri>od('ig hen. 

FiBsi Ploob, One room here is devoted \n the TixHIt CMicHon, another 
lo the Worti in UtM, amongst whlcb tbe cullery ii especially noleworthy. 

StOmt, 116. Btodles for the 'Fall of Iba namced' at Kunlcb, larylng 
considerably from the completed xork; 118. The cock and the jewel. 
115. C. de Vn. Portrait; 76. Jordaens, Aetyr and boyi iS9. F. Sifdrr; 
Hawking with the owl] SMi. Zurbaraa. Si Prands. — ModBni paintings 
CK«np7 twaroami: 32d. ^HitacA, PrlDCeBl9marck<lS9l)i 31. OindaMi, After 
the •lorm ; 128. Bchadcu, AssnmpliOD of the Virgin ; A. CWonw, Coiil-gcene. 
Here also la a permanent eihfbltion of modern [;aiatln;e, cbanged from 
time to time. — On (he stiircaae; 13. F. Bot, Coraellas de Witt and bla 
family, lie. Pool de Vti, Boar-taunt. 

8(00B0 Floob. -Studies and paintings l>y A. RclhH. Coins of Aii-la- 
Cbapelle. — Antique works of art ; works in the Bomaneaque. Ootbic. and 
Benaluance styles. FeBsant's room from the H. Eifel. — Boom of the 
IBtb cant., cont^nlng the ■Episcopal Throne nf BUhop Berdolet. — Two 
TDOms In the modem style- 
To the E., In the Adalberts- Stein weg, to the right, la a kind of 
marble temple, erected in 1844 to commemorate the Congress of Aix 
in 1818 (PI. F, 3, 4). Adjoining it U the turreied Ootbic -ft-ison 
(PI. F, 4), by Cremer. — Opposite lies the Roman Calholie CeoKtery 
(Pl.F, 0, 3), containing a monament to the memory of the French 
and Qennan widieis who died at Alx-la-Cbapelle in 1870-71. — 

12 BouU I. BUBTSGHEID. From Bntud* 

Adjoining tha ptiaon, la Uie Gonsreas-Sttsue, are the Lavs CoutU, 
completed in 1888. 

OrnimenUl gsidens extend bom the Kaitec-FlAti to the Font- 
ThoT. ]n the Hsnaeiii&nn-PUlz (PI. D, E, 1) a e monnment to - 
DaviA Hat%tanann (1790-1864), the Pmasiin ministei {i^iB), who 
eetsblished the Alx-U-Chapelle Fire loenrence Co. — Nesr it, in 
the Monhelms-AUSe, is the Mariahilf Baapital (PI. D, 1, 2), with 
the pleasant grounds of the Stadt-Qarten [closed 12-3), in which Is 
i new MettorologKal ObstTvatori/. — On the Salvatorberg (PI. C, 1), 
to the N.W., ia a pilgrim age-church. 

The Lonaberg (860 ft.), a wooded eminsnoe to Che S. of the 
town (.Pt. B, 1 ; cab, see p. J), and rising 250 ft. above it, asoend- 
ed in 40 min. from the Marsehier-Thor, or in '/| hr. from the Pont 
Thar, ia laid out In grounds and shady walks. The enmmit, on 
which rises a pyianiid (near it the Belvedere, with restaurant), com< 
msnds a fine survey of the busy town and the wooded, undulsttng 
emirons, as far as the outliers of the Eifel Hts. ; to the E, lies the 
pretty SotTilhal, with Its numerous country-residences. 

ContiguoDs to Aix on the B.B. side, but for the most part 
beyond the Khenish Railway and its viaduct (sec p. 14), lies — 

Bnitlohsid. — Ballu (comp. PI., p. 1}: •Carlibad. S. 2-1, D. Si/i, 
pans. MJI; ■Reimbad, pens. B ^ .- XrwfHntud, B. 2-1, B. 1, D. 2i/i. p«iu. 
6-10 Jt (S, extra); mchaiUbad, pens. 6 ^i Priiuiabai; Settverlliad. ~ 

Burtseheid or Borcctte, now inoorpoiated with Aix-ls-Chapelle 
(comp. p- 5), has con^^iderable manufsctutes of cloth and needles, 
and also contains important baths. The principal springs are the 
Victoriabrunnen fPl. E, 6; (40° Fahr.), where a band plays every 
rooming from 7 to 8 and also in the afternoon oi evening, the Koeh- 
brunntn (PI. D, ; 158°), and a third hot spring (162'^, which to- 
gether yield such abundance of hot water as to form a Warm Brook, 
adjoining which and separated from it by a footpath is the Cold 
Brook. The handsome Curhaui waa built in 1887-89 (good restau- 
rant; concerts). On an eminence in the centre of the town rises 
the church of St. John the Baptist (PI. D, E, 0), which foruieriy 
belonged to a Benedictine abbey founded by Emp. Otho III. 
(d. 1002), bnt was reboUi in 1730. The Ckitrch of St. Idlehael, with 
a lofty tower, also oa the hill, was completed in 1761. The DUtriet 
Offtoet, in the Zollern-Str., contain wall-frescoes by Eampf (open 
on Wed. & Sat. 3-6, adm. 60 pf). 

The rrBokenbarg (PI. F, 6), past which an elocltic tramway tuna, was 
once a hnnting-<B8t of Charlemigne, and la sow in the centre of a naw 
qnartsT of the town. The pieseni ballding. lateir rutond, dato (ram 1613. 

Aboul >A M- farther in the ume direction, beyond the railway, ia tha 
Trlmbomer 'WUdehea (Ratauranl), a gruve where a Roman leflon-slane 
^om (he BroUthal and e Boman Barcopbagna from Wedsweilar may be 
seen. The STtiBcial rain at (be entrance li conalructed of the (ragmenta 
of an ancient chape]. Carriage 2V(-3 .<. Abost ViH- farther on is 5cAA». 
that, with it! prelly gronnia (no adm.), near which is a girdsn-rsitanrnnl. 

A favontlte walk ia to the ftuHndwdMcAen, a giove taking Iti name 

to Colognt. UALHEDY, i. Souu. 13 

tFDm Kqolean's siiW, 1 hr., b^ the SulkBiil-Str., the Gnfuldtr-Str,, md 
thai to ths left throagh tlie Soeca Valley (rc(tkimnt). 

A pleuiiDt cicnrHuD of ftbaut 2'/, bra. miy ba orrangad u foUowg. 

Bt tha electric tramwuy (p. t) to ibe 'W&ld!cbenke- stetlan <d tbe eiadl- 

traU, or by Ibe Vcrvien Hud Li^ge nilwa; to AsnAiidc, end tbsn n>lk 

■ (I/, M. and 1 M. rejpectivBlr) to tha Oulibtbe CRrila^anl) .nd on vli 

the Sroaprimm-Sait to (3 H.) tha rlew-(owar (reilBurut) sad tu Iba (i H.) 

bonia of Bleed (reetauTBDt), vbenca 
elactrlc trem>TBT back to Ali. — Aoolh^r pleasant nilk (1 hr.) 
Iba Wftldicheoke or Ibe CHlshohe -rik Eilt^tih end tbe Vier- 
(M (he junction of PrnsBii, V. SoreBnat. Belginm, end Holland) 
to Faeta (electric tmnwey, see p. 5), 

About 6 U. to the S.W. of Aii-lo-Chepelle, on the hillside, etudi tbe 
BnuubDTt (nslanraat), tbe enclent but lately Tctlored cutle from which 
BglDbard. the privAta aecratary of Chariemaene, ia eaid to have abducted 
tha princeja Emnia. It may ba reached aithar from Str^aarath^ tha lecond 
— '• '^-- —- irdi Lligc (p. 3), near the great ffcul Ftodaei, or from 

bonring cidmiam-minaa and EiDC-foandriei of tha Vieitle Ifontuffne Company 
ara In the pariah of UoTeenat, which from 1816 to 18B9 belOQEOd to Prusala 

FBoSXi-tA^^^'iE TO Malmbdi, 61 M,, in 31/, hn. - VI, U. RolHi 

woris'of aU, 'eroeted in 1811-80, wilb a m^r^e'e^lr'ctplbla'oT'ot 
UiDiBgl.ieodoOgaUOTig or water. — T>bS. OeraalimOsatar (803 ft. ; tlOOia- 

a Boman Catholic seminary), in tba pictnrejque valley of the MBniUrriadi, 
ll a faTOurila point for eicnreiona. The ioterostlng abbej-ehnrcli polMMtJ 
one of the ciaTe-ciollia of Chrlat and other relica, said lo haie been pia- 
lantad by Louli tba Debonair. — 10 H. ITaliai'fn (930 ft.). — From (IS H.) 
Satrea (1190 ft.), femoua for ii9 itoneware in tba ISth and ITlh canl.. a 
branch-line rona to It K.) Eupm (-Relnartz', Koch), a bag; and plctui- 
eiqaely aituated Hide town (11,300 Inhab.), aiao connectad with Herbes- 
thal (p. 3). Kaaran and Iha nait statloni, (I81/1II.) ««lim (1345 ft.) and 
(241I.J £anuiwad«-/(i710 ft.), carry on an active trade in timber. — 27i/i H. 
Cflune nSOi ft.). 

30 H. Montjaie (1360 ft.; 'BlIM dt la r«r; Yicqueran WelAcamt), a 
mumauUrlng town with SOli inbab.. lies about IViU. from tbe aUtlOD, 
Id ■ macoiacBnl lilnatlon on both aidei of tbe iioar, with a ruined caetle 
and the remalna of an old watch-tower. Tbe fortress, tonndad here by 
Chariamagna on the rulna of a Roman stronghold OMods JoyIi'), afterward! 
paued to tbe duchy of Jijlich. ia ISID it was added to Fruaala along with 
tha whale district as far aj Atalmedy^ tbe iuhabltanta of which atUl apeak 
tha Walloon dialect. ^ fiayond Bfon^^ola the railway commands a plc- 
tnraaqne view of tbe town and the deep vall^ of tha Roer, and than of 

(HSB (t ; Post) t. road leadj through the pretty lalley of the Perlbach to 
(3'/t H-) Montjaie. — 38i/i W. aourbrodi, on a barren moor, 1b tbe highest 
point oil tbe line (1310 ft). — 13 H. £llFp«)»acK (Railway Hotel) , near 
which, at EUnborn, Is a large miiltary manaune gronnd. At (16 H ) 
ITaifiHi (leSfi ft.) the line forks, the left branch leading lo (I0•^ H.) 
a. Tuh (and aereliletn. p. SOS), the right to — 

Bt H. Valmedy (1C80 ft. 1 ChnalBlauc, very fair, pant. 1-6 Jl; Orond Cer/i 
^a(»), a town with ITOO Inhab., in a plctnreaque lalley. watered by lh« 
WarcM. Halmedy la the chief town In that part of the territory of Iha 
'Immediate' Benedictine abbey of Stave! ot-Halmedy (fonnded In Bfil) wbicb 
fell to IVosila In 161fi. The W. half of tbe Urrttory belongs to Belgium. 
Haar Iha town ue Ihna chalybeate aprings, the *»tep of wbicb ia eiported 

Kailwat to Coloobh (U M., in 1*1^2 hr«.; tuM 6 ^ BO, 
4 ^ 20, 2 ^ 60 pf.; eipreu, 6 ^ 30, 4 ^ 70 $(.). Few lines 

14 Routt I. ESCHWEILEB. From Bruuelt 

aihibit snob niied totmt of rsUwBf engineedng as that between 
the Belgian frontiei and Cologne. On leaving the station of Aii-1>- 
Chapelle the train ciosaeB a Viaduct 308 yds. In length, &nd puses 
the caatle of Frankenberg (to the lefti see p. 12). At tl'/iM,) . 
Rothe Erde theMsImedy line diverges to the S. [see p. 13), 100 M. 
Eiltndorf. The train then passea through the JVtnnef!Z^nne[(</eM.), 
traverses the ReichtlmMh wood, and stops at (103 M.) Stolbcrg June- 
tion, near nhioh aie the remaing of a Roman villa, excavated in 
1B80 (key kept at the station refreahment-iooms). A ahort biuich- 
railway andan alectiictrBmivay runhencetoBtoIberRi'Befl/rwrHo/'; 
MUdtJ, a prosperous town with 14,300 inhabitants, Stolbeig ia tbe 
centre of one of the moat Important manufacturing diatricta in 
Gennany, the namerons products of which are sent to every part of 
the world. For the foundation of ita prosperity it waa indebted to 
French FroCeatant refugees, vrbo eatabUahed brasa-fonnditea here 
in the 17th century. The old chateau, traditionally said to have 
once been a huating-seat of Charlemagne, has been rebuilt. 

Tha principal prodocn nf tUe dlilricl are line, lead, anil silTeri there 

the fuel CDoauiDed by which ia yielded in abnndasce Vy the coal-mlD» 
of the BtOnctHir Pumpt (near the railway) and otbera in Itie neigbbour- 
lioDd. There Is probibly no other loeallly is Genuasy where so many 

Branch- rallwayi ran fram Blolberg to aeveral bnay Utile towni. 

The train now traverses a picturesque district, with numerous 
coal-minea and foundries. Neat Eschweiler it oroases the Indi, 
and passes through a tunnel. 

105 M. Eiohweiler (Kaiierltof; SchiitzmhatU), a busy and rapidly 
growing town of 22,000 inhab., picturesquely situated In a valley, 
'With a castellated hospital. The forgea, foundries, puddling- works, 
and factories in the immediate neighbourhood employ 3000 workmen. 
The coal-mines in this district are sometimes 1300 ft. deep and 
produce excellent coal. 

Farther on, to tbe left, near Noihberg, rises a ruined castle with 
four towers, and still farther on, also to the left, is the Bothger Burg. 
Among the hills to the right are several villages, including Wtrth, 
the supposed birthplace of Johann von Werth fd. 1651; p. 47), 
and &rctjtnich, the ancient royal residence of Craaeiniaeum, near 
which are extensive mines of cadmium, iron, and lead-ore, once 
worked by the Romans, as proved by Reman coina found in them. 

110 M. Langtncthe (Schiitienhor), a village with 1700 inhab., 
near which are several large needle-manufactories. 

The spurs of the Mftl are seen on the right. At the base of 
the wooded heights of the Hoehwald on the right lies the village of 
Meradc, I'/s U. from Langetwehe and 3 M. from DUren, with an 
old turrated ch&tean, dating from the I3th cent., formerly the aeat 
of a wealthy family of Belgian counU. The train crosses the Soer. 

116 M. Daren. ~ EotaU. 'XoaHin, Elaeabahn-Str. 31, B. £ B. ttom 
Z'/i, D. IV<-2, peog. S Jl; Saiiii.LKn (WuMiehir Bo/), ZelinthoC-Str. T 

to Colofne. ROEB VALLEY. 1. Route. 15 

B. 2-ai/., B. 1, D. 3, pou. e^,- KOuiiB Bof, Eoln-Str. 31; Dhii Kaiseb, 
K»iBer-Plia (7, a. l'/r27>, B. 'I, jl. 

Z)uren, s liusy tovn of 27,100 inhsb., witli mana factories of 
cloth, paper, lion, ete., U sltoateil oa the Boer or Bar (pron. Boor) 
In a fertUa pUin. The m09t conspicuons objeot la the tonn is the 
lofty tower of the chnich of St. Anna. To the right of the station 
*te the buUdinga of the proTiacial JUmatic and Blind Aiytums. 
Adjacent 1b the new St. Jaaekimi-Kirche. The RatUiatii contalna a 
collection of mtlqultiea. The town cootaing Monumenli to Emp. 
William /., Bismarck, and Moltke, all hy J. Uphues, and a War 
ifonumtnl by Prof. Frentzen. In the Roer Promenade Is a hronie 
bust of Emp. WiUiam II., by Begae (189T). 

Tha ViUer of ths B«« prsseots some t«T7 pictaiuqne poioti above 
Krciuau (Rnlpisth'g Inn), a villaee IH. to the S. of Diiien inarrow-gauee 
line In 1» mla.). An omnlbtu pUca hence ixjce dallv oTer the hilii to 
Nideggen, but pedeitrlans diverge here to the rl^ht and ascend the valley, 
which gradually contracti and is bounded by lofty sacdstone [ocks, to 
(1/4 hr.) Windtn, (>/■ hr.) n-nUr-MaiOiach (Strepp, pena. S-t^J, and (i/tlii.) 
Obtr'MaatHuh. V/t Ihen Inm to the left by the chapel, pass the Brat aide- 
valley, and aaceod, oppoaita the Vamaul rucks, la t^e village of Birgilein, 

Burgbirj (view-tower) we have a fine snrvev of the Roet valley, and from 
We than deacend 

ded anrnmU ol 

into the lalley to Zertatt, and again ascend to |1V> hr.) Hldeggan (•Eeiliefr, 
a.lVi3, D. tromlVi, pens. iJli mt'-i/arm: Btimn. nn pretending), with 

i.rved town-walls, aituated on » rock riaing precipiloualy from the 

I crowned wilb (be conspicuous ruins of a caatle dating from 1180, 

at.} is 

hall of its period in W. 

ChapeUe. — Following 

caches (Vt hr-) Ab«-i^, 

crosi tha river at Blena 

tha pictureaque village 

tury. From Heimbach, 

the former Trappiatcon- 

!.) Oimana (p. WS); and 

do min.) BloH, and (20 min.) Sa 
of Haimbaah (Foil! Bcliiid), w 

vent of Ifaria-Wald and via Wolffm-tca lo pJ'/i hra. 
another (guide needful lo the foreater'e houae c ■ " 

Oemiind to (17Vi K.) Hnntjoie (p. 13) leads •!& fu'nmhr' and Simmerath. 

Btiburt, Bar-ff, QreBvAroich, CapiUtn-WeoeUnfhimtn. /fiuit, see p. X. 

Fbom DGniir -ra Jdltch. fli/. H . in 10 minntes. — JliUall OI Jalien (IHu- 
capital of the ancient dnchy of that 
e 1314. The forUacalioDS were dig- 
manuea in IBUU. jQJicnia now also connected with Aii-la-Chapelle (ITi/iH. , 
I'A hr.) by a direct Una via AMai/iovm, JToHiHiniia, WUrulia, and laUmmh. 

Prom DttrsD to EutUrclien and TrHti, see p. 303. 

I2I1/2M. Bair. — 129 M. .ffoiT«m lies in the luiQiiant vale of 
the Brft, which abonnds with seats of the Rhenish nobleue. To the 
light are the chateaux otPrent iaiBemmenbaeh oi Eorremer Burg. 

From Horrem a nleasanl eicurslon may be made to Cf/i H.) Ichen- 
itrf (good hm), and thence either ill the old eonvBot of KSrtigtdorf (now 
a brm) to tha atatlon of Qrosa-KBnigidorf (p. 16)! or via Baron von 
Oppanhelm's ehiteau of ac»Jan<((r»aSn to (i'/i «■) QuoJrolA and on past 
(1V> X.) BtrsHHm (Hotel Weidenl>acb), a pretty little town on the Ertt. 

Prom IMttrtUtm 

n tram Homm to (S'/i X.) MMor (p. 203), 

The Eiftth4l is qnitted by the KonigBdorf tunnel, 1 M. long. 
To the left, beyond (132 M.) Grotf-SSnigBdorf, In the dUtance, 
is the vilUge of BrauvieiUr, with 4n sDClent Benedictine Abber, 
now a refoimitocy- The Abbey Chureh, an ImpoilDg lute-Roman- 
esque ediflce with thiee towers, rebnilt In the 13th cent., contains 
a crypt of the llth eent. and some Interesting Bomanesqne Bonlp- 
tures. The treseoeg on the vanlting of the chapter-house (scenes 
from the Epistle to the Hebrews) date from the 12th oentur;. 

As Cologne ia appioached the line tTiierses ■ fertile plain, 
studded with detached houses and factories. The bills to the right 
are spurs of the VorfftUrge, a low range which begins on the left 
bank of the Rhine between Cologne and Bonn. 

135 H. Lovenich. — 139 M. Ehraifeld, i large and busy manu- 
facturing snbarb of Cologne. 

141 M. Cologne, see R. 3. 

2. From Botterdam to Cologne. 

Camp. Jfop, p. St. 
E*»i (1) by Dtreelit, ZeTenaar, Bmioerieh, ObeibMuen, and 
Dmseldorfi (2) by Utrecbt, Zeienaar, Cleve, and Craftld. Eirasia br 
botb lines in B-BV, hts. (fares 13 florins 70 cents, 10 (1., 6 a. iO c). Ejamln- 
ition onugeage at tHe Pmsiian cnitom-bouse at Eiten. (The Dutch SoriD, 
or euildor, wortb li. 8d., ig divided in (9 IDO cent!.) 

Tbe tbrongb'tTtuos from Beit van Molland (p. i<). In connecUon with 
Harwicli Bleamers, run to Cologne in B'/n bra., °i* Roiurdam, Bor^rteht, 
HK^tn, Vtnlo, KradtrMrchm (Pruaalln coatom-houae rCTlsiDn), CrtfM 
m, aid JV«ui (p. M). 

Sotterdami. — Kotdi. •Mias Hotbl, near the steam boat- piere, B. 
from Hit, D. aVill 1 VicTonu. Willenuplein; -WaiHii, BpauiichBKadBi 

., ^..._._..j. na„i. DK Pa.1- - • — •- a- ■"".. n 

ifdeteg IS, B. « B 

TORAir, Weatpleia; H&tst. de Peahcb, Hoogelraati St. 

.. « K. ...... -r, ,. .„ .___ 1.; D.l,i)/,£ 

I. 60 c, S-i pt 


TOc; p«r 

The Kbeniah Ball. StatloD iB not far from the LondoB ataaml 
no. to nr from the hotels 2S c. 

Botterdam, with 320,000 Inhab., the second commercial town 
I Holland, 1b situated on the right bank of the Una; about 16 U. 
from the German Ocean. It Is intersected by numerous canals 
■jrocMen, or havens), which give the town a very picturesque ap- 
pearance ; and numerous drawbridges (ophaatbmggtn) alTard com- 
mnnieation between the varioos quarters of the town. 

A huge dyke or embankment runs through the centre of tba 
town, protecting the lower quarters fBinnentlad) from Inundation 
daring high tide. The Hoogatraat, or high street, la bnilt on this 
dyke ; and the finest part of the town , the Baitautad , is situated 
between this street and the Maas, 

t POF a fuller deicriptlon ofDulch towsfl, see BaiiittrU Btlei«m sad 

lo Colognt. UTRECHT. 2. Bout*. 17 

AbODt EWOO sea-galng vessels annuMly eoter and quit tbe port, 
And the trafflo with the Upper Rhine by meuie of barges , toved by 
powerful tug-steunecs, iaTeryoonslderable. Rolterdsm alBooontaini 
a number of manufsntoriet and. dietlllerles. 

Tbe traveller's leisure had better be devoted to a walk on the 
busy quay (Boampjca); to the Gothic Church of St. Lamrenrt 
(QtooUKetk), a brick bulidlng dating from 1477, lud containing 
the monuments of Admiral de Witt and other aelebiated Dutohmen ; 
and to Boymam' ifuseum, a very fair coiteotion of pioturea, open 
dally (exoept Men.) 10-6 (in winter iO-3J. Those who have a day at 
ihelr disposal are recommended lo spend it at The Hague (by railway 
In ^/t bt. ; see Baedeker'e Belgium and Holland). 

The distriot traversed by the railway isperfeotly Hat, lying con- 
siderably below the level of the sea, which is excluded by means of 
caretuUy'Conatracteddykes and embankments. Canals, pasture-land, 
and oncaaionat windmills are the principal features of the scenery. 
The flrat station of importance is — 

iV/t U. Oonda, or Ter Qouw (■i)e Zaim, in the market-place], 
on the Tiict, .with 22,000 inhah., the staple commodities of which 
are bileki, olay-plpes, and an interior kind of oheese. The principal 
church (Qroote or Jam Ka^} oontains some flne old stained glass. 

38 M. Vtreebt (^'Fayi Bas; •Katteel van AnJiDtrpen,- BCt. de 
VEurope; Bellevue; Hti. de la Station, at the station), the 'Oude 
Tiechf or old ford, the Trajeettim ad Ehenum of the Romans, 
is one of iha most ancient towns In Holland (pop. 100,000). It 
belonged at one time to Lorraine , then to the German Empire, 
and was frequently the residence of the emperors. Here In 1579 
tha union of the seven provinces Holland, Zeeland , Utrecht, 
Gaelders , Over-Yssel , Friesland , and Groningen was effected, and 
Wimam I. of Orange was created stadtholder. In 1672 J.ouis XIV. 
took possession of the town and levied an enormous contribution. 
The well-known Peace of Utrecht, which ended the Spanish War of 
Sneeesstan, was conetuded here in 1713. — Tbe Rhine divides here 
into two arms; the Old Rhine, falling into the German Ocean near 
Katwyk, and the VtcM, falling into the Zulder Zee. 

Utrecht was celebrated at a very early period for its fine 
chvtohes , the most Interesting of which is the 'Cathedral, founded 
in 720, and dating In its present form from 1264-67. The Cni- 
oeriity, founded iu 1G36. Is attended by about 750 students. 

Beyond Utrecht the line crosses the t:tj\i.[(VaaTttcheRhyn}Kitiah 
unites the town with the Lek. Pleasant retrospect of Utrecht. To 
the right and left are four intrenchments (lunetlei) , now disused. 
At (45 H.) Zeiil (near which is Driebergen') there is a Moravian 
colony; then stations Maaribtrgen, and Veenendaatf with numerous 
apiaries. The line intersects the extensive iDOOr of the Yelavie, 
which extends as far at tbe Zuider Zee. OO'/l U- Voipmm. 

BuDiuB'a Bbina. IBtb Edit. 2' 

18 Route 3, WE8EL. from BotUrdam 

73 M. AmlMm (*Zon, on the N.^. aide of the t«vn, neareet 
the Mit. BtM. ; *BtlUvnt, 1/4 M. beyond tlie Zon, piettilj litDited ; 
*Pat/i-Bai, in the Oroote Mukt; Zm/nihoafd, veiy fali; De Pauy>, 
near the station, eeeand-claee"), irlth £i7,2oOinhab., long the seat of 
the Dukes ofOaeldets, ia still the capital of that proviDoe. Al- 
though a good speoiman ofacleanDaUh town, itoCFen little to detain 
the traveUet. The Groote Kerk eonUina monaments of the Dnkes 
of Queldera. The Toicn Bolt derives tti local appellation of Dui- 
velihtiU ('devira house') from the giotssque figures wbioh adorn it. 
The enilroni of Arnhelm tar Burpaaa those of any other Dutch town 
In atttaotion. Kailvay to Zntpben and Salzbergen, see Batdtker'i 
Northern Qermany. 

SI H. ZenenaaT is the Dutch, 87 H. EUen the Prussian Sootier 
station. Hence, ctoislng the Rhine, to Cleie and Cologne, we R. 4. 

The line by Diissetdoif to Cologne remains on the right bank. 

93 M. Smmerieh (BStel Royal, K. 2-3, B. 3/* D. 2'/ij J^; Bof 
van Bolland, R. from 2, V.2JI; BStel Bahnhof; Sheinhof, R. 
2-3 jr; Is a clean Dutch-looking tonn with 10,500 inhabitants. 
At the upper end rises the Qotblc spire of the Aldegimdii'Kirehe, at 
the tower ia the MOntUr- Kireht, In theKomanesqne style of the lltb 
and 12th oenturies. The tower of the latter is of the l&tb cent., 
while below the choir is a crypt of the 11th century. The carved 
choii-Etills date from 1486, Among the treasates of the sacristy is 
the 'Wlllibrordi Arche', a golden casket of the 8th century. 

97 M. Fraat. From (100 M.) Emptl a narrow-gauge railway 
rnna to (3 M.) Rtei, a smaD town on the Rhine. 103 H. Baldtmi 
106 M. Mehrlioog. 

113 M. Weael CBomftujcil , R 2-3 , B. ^U, H.IJI, very fair j 
EiehtThaiii,vitb a flieqnented garden ; Qemtania; Kaiaerhof, ill near 
the station; Oitim),i town with 22,600 inhab., aitoatedatthecon- 
ilaence of the Rhine and Lippt and formerly strongly fortified. The 
Berliner Thor, a relic of the fortifications, erected in 1718-22 and 
restored in 1892, Is adorned with aculplurea and inacriptions. The 
handsome Ratkhaui, lately restored, and embelllsbed with seven 
modern atatuea on the facade, dates from 1396. Opposite stands a 
wat-monument for 1870-71. *St. WillibTord't Church, inthemarket- 
place, ia the llneet Gothic edifice on the Lower Rhine afterthe cath- 
edral at Xanten (p. 68). It was began in 1424 and mmpleted as far as 
the choir goes in 1526. In 1882-96 the nave was added and the whole 
restored. The ornamentation of the gables deserves attention. The 
slender iron fl^che is new. The interesting interior (sacristan, Oioase 
Marktl44) is adorned with partly modem and partly ancient ceiling- 
paintings, while the vanlUng of the choir ia a miracle of the stone- 
mason's art. A marble tablet records that Peregrine Bertie, Lord 
Willoughby d'Eresby, son of Richard Bertie and Catherine, Dnchess 
of Suffolk, was bom here in 1555. The eilles were Protestants, who 

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to Cologne. DUI8BURG. 2. Route. 19 

had fled ttam the peiGecutloni of Qaeen Mary, and veie permitted 
by tha maglBtrBtes of Weael to Uke up thejt qouten in the ohuioh, 
then nnoccapisd. — The Loaer Bhmhh Muieum, in the Gold-Sti., 
containa intiqaltleB, veapons, and domeatle uMosilg (adm. 60 e.\ 
The Mathena-Kirche, begun in 1429, tioa an iron tower added In 1882. 
— In the ExeKUr-Plat%, t/l U. from the atation, la ■ jlfonum^nl on 
the spot where 11 Pniasian offlcera of Von SchiU'a Corps, captaied 
by the French in Stralannd, veie ahot in 1609. 

Tha town Ig iolDsd b; a bridg«-of-bi»ti wllb tha tiland of aiUirich 
and thg Isft bank of tba Bhlne. The river i> alio Ipaoned here by the 
large railway-brSdee of tba Geidfn-ffnlo aod aoei-Boxtil lines (tee Bat- 
Jtiir'i BtlgiiBii and BstliMiI}. — A local iteamer pliei four times daU; in 

way to BcOUm, iee Baedikw't Northerttatnaany; to Wiattriaft VA Bochelt, 

The train cioaees the Lippe and tiaveiaes a flat and bleak district. 
121 M. DiatU^tn Uea iVs M. from the RUne , on which, 3 M. 
hlghei up, la the old town of Orsoy, foimerly fortified. The Roman 
Catholic church of Oraoy contains an important early-Flemiah carved 
altar, with painted wing* (oa. 1480-90). — Beyond (128 M.) SHrk- 
rade, with an extensive foundry, we cross the EmicJitr. 

131 M. ObertuMuen CEail. Beataurant; 'Hof von Bolland, 
R. from 2, B. 1, D, 3 Jl; Central Hotel; Siiehslcront), » town of 
recent origin, with 42,200 Inhab., la the junction of the Cologne- 
Hindeu, Mulbeim-Eaaen, Rnbrort, and Altenesaen-Dortmnnd lines. 

FaOH OaiauuIEN to KcasoiT (S'/i U-l, brasch-Une tII Jfildtrich, wltb 
ImnorUntllros-woikg, <n >/i br. (TO, S5, 85 pf.). — Bnbrort (Clmis Betil. very 
1tit\ PreuuUclKrSe/; BJutnUciir BoJ). wjfli {2,400 inhab., lies on (be Kbioe 
at Ills inSui of (be BsAr, and Is milaly engaged In llie eiportation at coal 

haiboar and docks, roierlne 100 acre" (125 acres waler-surface} and abont 

railways. The sblp-bailding yards or Rulirort are of considerable extent. 
At the birbonr are moDanients la the Emp. WWiam I. (PI. 9) and lu LaiiH} 
«Hir<iKtt (d.lStl), Ihepreaideniof iheprailnceofWeiipballa.whomaiari- 
are tbs bleat and pnddline fnmaces of the Photnix Cn. — Braoch-linas to 

136 M. DnUbiu^. - Hotela. •EiiBOPiiacaiB Hop, Barg.piali 3, 
with wine-room^ -Beelihib Hor, R. ^, B. 1, D. I'/rS Jt; SCHxris, these 
two close lo the rail, tlalioni KaisXKBOF, Eitnlg-Str.; Pawz Raaur, Uni- 
v8rsltat*-3tr. i, rery fair, R. 2-t, B. 1, D. l'/.-2'/i J»- 

Cab to the town Vil Jl. — Tramway to Btihrart every V» hr. — Steam 
Tramwaya to tba footoftha JEiXiirifr? (p, 90), to Kalserswerth (p. ?S), and 
to Diisaddorf (p, SO). 

DviibtiTg, a very ancient town, situated near the Rhine and the 
Ruhr, ia connected with both rivers by means of a canal. It is now 
an important manufacturing town, witli92,700iuhab,, andoneoftbe 
chief depfita of the Ruhr coal Uafflc. The Salvalor-Kirehc (P1.16), of 
the 16th cent,, reatoredinlSSO, contains an epitaph to the memory 

20 Boutt S. DOSSELDORF. From Rotterdam 

of the geogiaphei Oerhard Mtrcator (d. 1594), to whom a monani«nt 
was elected ia 1878 in the Deigbbonring Burg-Plati. Fioe view from 
the ffaiicrierp (Hoaning'e Inn), on the vay taUulhetm, I1/4H. from 
the Btatlon, with > monument to Emp. William I. (PL 18). — Rail- 
way to Cnfeid and Eaim, eee p. 62. 

Near (140 M.) Oroiacniouni is the chiteiQ olficitor/', the property 
of Goant 8pee, adorned with tresaow by masteii of tlie DQsseldorf 
aehool. — From (144 M.) Caieum a diligence nina 4 times daily to 
(21/i M.) KaUenaerth (p. 25). 

190 M. DolMldorf. — Kailvay BUtiom. Cmlral SlaUot, (Hampl- 
taAnAo/, Fl. B, B; ■BelMnrul , T>. a-2i/i JT), tor all Iralns of As Elehl- 
Kheniih Ilnu and for Ihoae of the left bank running Tii Veaii. Tlii 
Dmnderf SlaUn fP\. E. S, 3), to IHe H,, and tUc Blli filaMm (Fl. B, 8), to 
the S., are >lopped at Sj the ordiaarj \Ttivt only. — There i« also a 
station at Obereauit, on tbe left bank ol the Shine (Fl. A, 1; p. bS). 

Hotel*. ■BE>iDRK«iCHRKHorCPl.aiC,6), AWe-Btr. Sda, with Uftand 
teataorint. E. 3'M, B. !■/., D.aVrSVi. omn.i/, jT; *F.ei Hotbi, (PI. i C, «, 
prellily ntualed in the Cornel ine-pUti. with lift, H. from t, B. ii/i, i4\. 3, 
D. B. omn. 1 Jl ; -Hotbl Roi>l [P]. f -, D, 6), Bismarck-Str. 103, near the 
Central RallnaT Station, iriik wlne-reBtauFinl and Ufl, R, 21/1-6, B. 1, 
D. "tSJI: 'HaTEL Baca (Pl.avC.Sj, Blnman.Slr. 16, with a garden and 
(laied leraoda, R. Si/i-S, B. 1, b.3, pens, from T Jf,- •B.fiiiiaaHis R.iesa 
{Fl. C| B,G), Benrather-Slr. 3, cammsTeial, B. 2Vi. B. •/,. D. ai/^, pern. S-B JT; 
BoxOPauHDTELfFl.biB.^.Frisdrlcta-gtr.l, wilt reslanranl, well apoken 
of, B. ai^^, B. 1, D. 2'h Jl. — IUhb* Hoibl (PI. m ; D, 6), Wilhelma- 
Platz 13, near the Ceutr^ Btation. B. 2VrC, B. 1. D. 3i/i-3i/i Jl, new; 
MoiroFoi (PI. hi D, B), K^er-WiJhelm-Btr. 2, with lift and reitanrant, 
K-ai/rS, B.I. D. lVs-3. pens, from 8 J!; Mfbkds, Schadow-Btr. 10; iaios- 
HOf CPl. Pi C, 8), Aders-Slr., B. 3-4, D. from i'hJl; DBflaiLOoapaa Hof, 
Aleiander-PUti, B. 3-3, B, ■/,, D. I'/rS jT. — The tollowine kuve beer- 
rMlanrinU; -HBikl Baiaioi. (Fl. g; D, 6). Wllhelnn-Plat; 13 with lift, E. 
S'/j-iVl. B. 1, D. from V/iJll GnulUNIi (PI. n; D, B). Bi«marck-Str, 101, 
b7 the Central SlBtion(Pl.E,«. B..2Vj-T/i.B, iV.,».(in 'ho restauMnt)2.3j»,- 
BaHHHor-Hfliar. (PI. 1 ; D. 6), oppoeile (he Bailwaj Station, E. 3V,-6, B. 1, 
D. lVi3 Jl. — Chstbilichkb HoePii, Oraf-Adolf-Str. B9 (PI. C, D, 6), — 
7«ulen>: Orinm, Schnmann-Str. 3, pens. 1-10 JT; Bduui, Btein-Str. 85; 
frexmoui, Feld-Slr. 33; A. Xmier. Victoria-Blr. 34 (1-T Jl); Sirlen/tU, 
Gnfsnbarger CLansa^e BT (4-6^; Blbtri-Oildana^ir, HohenioUern-Slr. 23. 
-~ Ai^mla-Saut [for ladiu), SteCwien-Slr, 11, 

.-... ._ ™..._ 1. .._ _,. ^^^ HoliUi "rMmoffi, Elber- 

,..,.,. 1.. ..uu. u...- WQlOtr, All«e-Str. 31. D. 3-S^,- 
t, D.3i/i^,' BacA.Barold-Str.h; AiuKn.Berger-Slr.SOi 

■ ■"- 1; iMmt-SeWdMiAm (p. 23), SchlossnfBr 1. — 

unu. Aiine auuie-nnmeu floitM; TonAnllt Xutowant. ScbadOW-B<r. i LBice, 
Schadow-Plati 81, D. lVt-l'/< -" - S-va JitC'""'-, » the bote) of that name 

See abore): £ii(A« Bout, Josephlnen-Sti. 8, with earden. — Tine Koomi. 
aetrnda, Eonits-AI]«e T, Btadt Tatrdif, Graf Adolf-Eti. 11 (Italian wines 
at these)) Cenllnental Bodeta, K(inigs-A11«e 26. 

Oafti. 'Comtliui Cafl, Efinigs-All^e B; 'Bitrhoff. Breite-Slr. 1 Oargely 
freqauitedb;ladieE);Brafw:Mdl. Eck-8tr.l[ Arat Ca/4, Oraf-Adolf-Str.U; 
Aanniutar^. Eiakiacriirg, both in llie Hof-Oartan (p. 21) i Cafi Alar Baltaltcf, 
Oraf-Adoir-Flatz. — Osntedtioner, -Weill. Kanigi-AIl^e 39. 

Flaeai of Amuisment. 'TtiKhaiti (Fl. D. 4), uith a garden and concert- 
roams (miulc several times a week. 60 pf.; strnphonf-concert on Thnri, 
« Sat.); Zoulcfrtcal Bardm (PI, F, 1, 2), see p. 36; •Flora Oardat (PI. B, 8; 
p. 31), with palm-bonse (concert twice weekly {SO pf-h Folti- Oonen {PI. E, 8). 

ifheatrsa. Siadi-Tliiatir (Fl. G, 4i p.23k All^-Slr.) performances be- 
tween Sept. Uitti and April Uilh. — ^poUo Ttualn (PI. 3; C, 6), ESnigi- 

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1^, vsristy pnronnancaB mdopBretlu; EeUlulmaen, Holie-f 
Bktbi. roun Balh4 (s 

CPl. C, *). - 
1. tl'/. M-), I- 

kll. idditionKl SO nrlO of. eitoa.' Bf lime; i/j tr,, 1-3 pera. IV", '^ - ,--- 
ajT; llir.,2ViorSjr,.i'/!hr.,3Jt, 3J!90p^^3h^..,3Jl:^6,tJ|:80pt.- 
Xlgot^ill Tnmwaj. plj 10 tns RMk flnd(r! {p. li). the «orfl (p. X)}, 
thft Ceme^ffVi the Zoolcyieai Garden (p, 35), QraftribtTV tp- ^|, etc.; comp; 
the PUn. — Bleotrii! Sailwayi run to VolvciBM (p.KI), vig&nrott (p. ») 
and UOdm : to (U M. i every i/, hr.) CrtfM (p. M). Tii (»n-e<u»I (p. 66), 
Htvdl (p. U), BlUtrich (p. 58), and OifernlA (p. 68); ta JVtui (p. 66), Ti& 
Obercatiel uid SardI; und to iluiitwp (p. 19), t1& KafstriuerOi (p. ?6). 

Looil Btumen ply S-t (imei d^y to Kaiitriietrlh (p. 2fi) Hid rardiiir« 
{p. 63). 

Fa>tO«iw(Pl. 6,6), at the corner of lbeCu«nien-Str. andHuold-Str. 

Talegmph OfScs (PI. C, B), Kbnigs-All^e 29. 

Piotsn anllary, SiliuHi'i. Allrfe-Str, 42 (adni. 50 pf.). 

Bittlali OoDiul for Wutphalia and the Ehenlsh Provinces: That. R. 
Mtilvattev, Eig., Derendorfer-Slr. 1. — Ameiiiwn Oooaal : Pelrr LUbir, Etq. 

SacUnh Ohnroh Benin at 8 and 11.15 a.m., in the imaller Protestant 
Churcb, BerE°r-9 trust. Chapl&ln, Bce, W. F, Connor, Brehm-8tT. 8. 

Bu«eWor/(88tt.), the o»pital of the distrlet of that nime, with 
213,000 inhab., lies on tbe right bank of the Rhine at the inllai of 
the DUnetback. With the eiceptioa of same of the oldest streets, it 
is a pleasant and well-built t«wn. Fiist mentioned in a docnment 
of H5fl, it was chosen at the beginning of the 16th cent, as a resi- 
dence by the Dukea of Berg, and on theii becoming extinct in 1609 
it continued to be the residence of the Princes FaUtine. It reached 
tlie acme of Its proBpeiity ander the splendour-loving Elector John 
Waliam (1690-1716), who invited numerous artistg to his court and 
established the plctorc-galtery. On his death the Princes Palatine 
transferred their seat to Minnheim. In 1767 Elector Chules Theodore 
founded the DUtstldoTf Aeaiiem\j of Art, which was reorganised In 
1819 end became one of the chief centres of German ait (comp. p. 22). 
Recently DBsseldoiC has became an important Industiial and com- 
mercial town, with an extensive new harbour (to the 8.W. of 
PI. A, 6, 7). 

In the heart of the older part of the town, with its nanow and 
Inegalar streets, once stood the old £3eeloral Palace, which was 
burned down In 1872 and afterwards removed except the restoied 
tower. IntheBorg-Plat2(Pl. B,4]standstheProoineia(Li5raf!(, and 
behind this is the Art-lndueltial School, an edifice in the French 
Renaissance style, built by Weetbofen in 1332. 

A. little to the S. Is the Maokbi Plaob (PI. B, 5), with the 
Bathhaat, or Town Maa, ballt by BeinrUh Tiisimatm In 1570-73 
(the W. wing in the French Renaissance style added in 1886). Tbe 
nouucil-room (adm. Sun. A Wed., 11-1'2.30) is embeUUhed |wlth 
modem historical frescoes. In front of the Rathhaua dses an 
equestrian Si oZtM of BUctor John WiUiam, in btoiue, over lifestje, 
by Qrapelio (1711), erected according to the inscription by tiie 

II Boti(« 8. DUSSELDORF. from BotKfrfam 

citizena, bat In leftlity by the electoi himself. — In the neigh- 
boniing Bolkei-Stiasse (No, Ci3) BtinrUh HtUtt, the poet, vn bom 
in 1799 (d. i856). — Beside the Maximaiani-FfankiTehe tPl. B, 6) 
rises s Colvmn of 81. Mary, by J. Reiss. 

The CliiiToli of Bt. Lambert (PI. B, 4], a Qothie editlce of the 
end of the 14th cent., irlth a tovei paitly Romanesque, contains at 
the back of the high-altar the Monament in marble of William V, 
(d. i592) and John William HI. (d. 1609), the last two dokea of 
Cleve and Berg, and of other members of their family, erected in 1 629. 
There are also a lata-Qothie Tabeinade and an 'Antepondiam', on 
a gold ground, representing the patrons of the chnrch, painted 
and presented by A. Achtnhacii. — An Inscription in the Ratinger- 
Strasse (No. 45) indicates the honse in which Cart /mmcrmann 
(1796-1840), the anthoi, died. 

The Chnroh of St. Andrew (PI. 3; B, 4), formerly the cburoh 
of the Court and of the Jeaniu, completed in 1629 by Deodal del 
Montt, a pupil of Rubens, and connected with the old Jesuit Col- 
lege which is now occnpied by the govemment-offlceB, contains the 
tombs of Count Palatine Wolfgang William (d. 1653) and Elector 
John William (see p. 21), in the cboll. Altar-pieces by Deger, 
Hiibaer, and W. Sekadaw, 

Oq the W. side of the old town, between the harbour (p, 21) 
and the Rhine Bridge, extends the Bhins FromBnade, completed 
in 1902, and beating different names in its different sections 
(Betger-Uter, Ralhhaus-Dfer, Schloss-Ufer). Tie Dueitl'Schldisi:htn 
(p. 20) and other buildings are situated here. 

The Ehine Bridge (PI. A, B, 4; toll 5pf.), bnilt fiom the 
designs of Prof. Erohn in 1896-93, spans the stream in two arches, 
197 yds. In width and 75 ft. aboie tbo water-lefel. The gateways 
at each end were designed by Prof. Schill; the central pier bears a 
gigantic lion, the cognizance of Diisseldotf . 

On the N. side of the old town rises the Aoadsm; of Art 
(PI. B, 4), an imposing Renaissance edifice by Riffart, com- 
pleted in 1881 (comp. p. 21). The principal facade, 520 ft. long, 
is torned towards the Hof-Oarten. It contains several studios and 
class-rooms, a collection of plaster-casts, etc. On the gronndflonT 
are the remains of the once famons Oallekt ow Old Mastbbs, the 
greater part of which was removed to Mnnioh in 1605 (open free on 
San,, 12-1, and Wed., 11-1 ; at other times 50pf., more than Ipera. 
25 pf. each). The most valuable paintings are an Assumption by 
Evbau (ca. 1620) and Madonnas by Cima da ConegUano and Qiov. 
Bellini. It also contains a large collection of drawings of every school 
(14,000 in number) and engravings, and the Ramboax collection of 
water-colours. The AmiA, on the second floor, is adorned with good 
bettoes (the Course of Human Life) by PrUr Jameen (b. 1644), 
Director of the Academy since 1895. 

to Colognt. dOSSELDORF. 2. RotOe. 23 

Adjioent, Rentei-CMeTiie 1 ^ is the Hibtd&ical Husbuh (P1.B,4), 
a collection of Bomau md Frankish antiquities, coins, poitiaits, and 
views and plans of DQeseldorf [open free, Son. & Wsd. 11-1 ; list of 
the pictures 30 pf). 

The old town is sepaiated from the Hodbkn QoAOtsas on the 
E. Bide by the bioad AlWe-Strigse (PI. B, C, 4, 5), in which rise 
bronze statues of Emp. WUUam I., Bitmarck, and Molikt. — On the 
right Is the — 

E<uiithaU»CP1.4)B,4), erected in 1881 in the French RenaiE- 
sance style by Oieie and enlarged in 1902, with a luge mosaic on the 
facade (TTDth as tlia foundation of Art, afth.' Fi. Btebei, by Sahiati). 
It contains an EtMbition of Modem Patntingi [on sale) as well as the 
'lUunleipal G'aUtry of modern Diisseldort masters. On the staircase- 
walla are frescoes by 0. Gehits, representing the History of Art. Adm. 
daily 9-6, oO pf. (free on Wed, after I p. m.); catalogue 30 p(. 

Laodscapu by A. Aclitnbach; O. Achmbach. Fnneral &t Fsl<»tFiiiB ud 
three IlaUan landiupei; C. Btfot, Expt 
W. CimphassBii, the palnler^ Brt" " 

In ISis, foimeily 

; E. DetUr, Coajt.gcenei 
■.tiai): B. vmBMaril, The young 
sccr. Wloe-tasting, Iha maaler'a lul 

S. ifOBlm, Bpisode al ihe Battle of QriTelottei i". Janiiea, Ths monk 
WaJthsr Lioddo and the peuanu of Berg bcfOre Joining in the battle of 
Worrimeoi H. /opdon, Tha Hrtl child ; A. Xomp/, Frederick the Great and 

Prinoa BiEmarek ; C. F. Liuinii, Landgcape with militsiy'scene ; SI. Miytr, 

Twenlyjii Biblical acenes ; A. S<A,imUr, Don Qoi.ole betgra Dulcinea <yl 
TobOHi A.BttI, Chnreh of St. Hark, Venice; 0. &<*», Tuso and ihe two 
Leonoru; A. Tidaamd, Serrlce of the HangisneT in Norway; B. 7autitr, 
'Little Obalinate'. 

The Hnranm of Art ft ladnitry (PI. B, 4). a building Id the 
Dutch Benaissance style by 0. Hecker, on the N. side of the 
Friedrichs-Platz, was completed In 1896. It is open daily, except 
Mon., 10-1, on Sun. &. holidays 10-1 (adm. 50 pf.]- 

Ths CDllecUaoa include Uitlle fabrics, lace, embroidery, bindiDgs, 
peltery, porcelain, works In Iron, and wood-carvings. It also conlaine a 
good Japaaeae and Indian collection (Snd floor). The series of rooms Stied 
Dp in the Dia-Oerman, Flemiih, Oriental, and other styles Is Intereetiog. 

On the E. side of the AlMe-Strasse is the handsome Theatre 
{SUldtr-Theater; PI 0, 4), built In 1876 by Giett, with statues of 
Mcndd»JDfcn»nd7mm<;rtnoim(byCI.Bascheri I901)on the facade.— 
Behind the theatre Is the War Memorial, designed by Prof. Hilgers 
and erected iti 18B3 iu memory of the campaigns of 1864, 1866, 
and 1870-71. The inscription is by H. Sadermann, the dramatist. 

24 Soule S. dOSSELDOBF. From Botttrdam 

To the S. of thia point, in the CorDellng-Flatz, ligea the bronze 
Btntne of Conelins [Pl. C, i), the eminant painter (b. U DusBel- 
doif in 1783, d. 1867), by Donndorf, erected in 1879. At the aides 
of tba handsome pedestal are allegorica] flguree of Poett; and Seli' 
gion, — Tbe house In which Goinelius was bom, Kurze-Stcaise 15, 
is marked by a memorial sUb. 

Farther on la the SoHAnon-pLATz (PI. C, 4, 5), which 1b cm 
belliihedwltbaooloBaalBusl of W. Schadovi lb. 1789, d. 1862), in 
bronze, designed by Wittig. — Headelssohn lived at No. 30, 
Scbadow-Str., In 1833-35, while he was muni<:ipal director of music 
at Dasseldoif. — The hall of the Beal-BTnmuinm, oi Technioal 
School (PI. C, D, 6), Eloater-Str. 7, ie adorned with an allegorical 
!neie\ij Ed.Bendemann, tepieaenting Art, Science, Commerce, and 
Industry (admisaion 50 pf.). — The Church of the Immaadatt Con- 
ception (PI. D, 5), in the Ost-Str. a Gothic building by Becker, was 
erected in 1396. 

In tbe KONiQs-PLiTz (PI. 0, B) is tbe Protestant Church of 
Bt, John, in the Romaneaqae style, erected in 1876-81 from plans 
by Kyllmann and Heyden. On the S.W. side ol the Platz is the 
JuBtii-OebJlnds, oi coait-honse, the asaize-ioom in which contalna 
Schadaui't last great oil-painting (Paiadise, Hell, and Porgatoiy). 

From the Gomellus-PIatz the E5iiias-Ai.i.fiE (PI. C, 5, 6), embel- 
lished with a group of Triwns by Fr. CouThiUler (1902), leads to 
the park-groQnds ittha SchwanentpUgtl tni Kaiierleich, Here standi 
the pTOTiniiol- Stand ebaui, or Houie of the Shentih Eetatei (PI. B, 
6, 7), built In 1879 in the luliin style by Baschdorff. The bronie 
group in front of it, by TilBbaus and Janssen (1897), represents the 
Rhine and its Tribntariea. — The new late-Gothic ChuTch of St. Peter 
(Pl, B, 7) is by Plckel. — In the FLoia-Strasse, which leads to the 
Flan Garden (p. 20), Is the Frtedeni-Kirthe, which contains frescoes 
by Ed. Ton Gebhardt — In the former village of Bilk, to the W,, 
now a put of Dflsaeldorf, are the Obicrvatory and the Romanesque 
church of at. Uartin (Pt. A, 7, 8), the oldest psri of which dates 
from the llth century. 

Adjoining the AllSe-Slr. (p. 22) and the Cornell as-Plati Is the 
Hol-Gartan (PI. B-D, 3, 4 ; caM-reataurant, p. 20), which was laid 
out In 1769, but was extended and altered with artistic taste alter 
the levelling of the fortifications in 1804-13. The well-kept gtennds 
eitend down to the Rhine on the W., and on the E. te the JSgtrhof 
(PI. D, 4), onoe a hunting-lodge of Elector Charles Theodore (1760). 
The stablea in tbe Fempelforter-Str. are tastefully adorned witli 
carved wood- work. 

The former Pempclfort Garden (PI. D, 4), onee the residence of 
the philosopher Frledrich Heinrioh Jacobi (d. 1819), and visited by 
Goathe, Herder, Wieland, and other celebrities of that period, now 
belongs to the llalkuten club of artists (founded in 1848 ; intro- 
duction necessary). — The new Chureh of Bt. Sochiu (PI. D, 3) Is 

to Cologni. HOLHEIH AH BHEIN. S. fioute. 25 

a Bomaneeqae strnctnTe by Kleeeattel. — Id the Piinz-G-eorg' 
Strassa is the new building of ttii« Government Archhei (_F1. D, 2). 

The island of Oolztieiia, to the N.W. of the Hot-Garten, was in 
1902 Ihe gite of an Induttrial ExhibUlon foi the Rhine and West- 
phalia , with which s HatiOTtal ExMbition via combined. The 
Falacs of Art (Fl. B, 3), built for the lattei in the 8. German 
baroque style, whh ■ handsome facade 146 yds. In length and a 
lofty dome, will be henceforth used for the Duiseldorf Art Exhibi- 
tion, held annually. 

To tilt N.E. of the tovn, sl)out 1V> U. from the CoFn«liiii-Plati, and 
rsaclied bj Crunnty, lies the Zoologicd OudsB (PI. ¥,l,i; idm fiO pt i 
band on Wed, and Sal, aRernoans), Uttefnll; Ilid out. — Adjuinlng the 

) in 1819, ind flllei up 1 

en led b7 the | 

(Km (p. 20), ia tlie seal otatralmni Sistera of Chai 

3U1T Fliedfiir (d, 1S61| ic 1836, The old ei 
swertli, a hage colDmnar buUica wilb C 

from tiie niiddla of the 11th cenlnri'. 

EditlLon of about 1260, while the W. loi 
rcb coDtaiDi an admirably executed 'Reliq' 

at. S<MI>trtut, a native of treliad who 
no, are preserved. From the SOnisipfali 

oung Emp. Henry IV .was carried oU Id 

maini, which we« tnliy eiposed by eicaVairona in ft99-iS 
clualvel, lo that period. 

The Grafenberger Chaussee CPl. F, 3, It Iramwaj frn 
BUdon) leaditotbcE. fromDiUaeldurfto <!i'/,K.i Grafniba 
ja^trhaut, Baardl , and Binehilrsr), with the reaervoir of xiic wsur-nurm 
and Ihe provincial Lunallc ABylnm. — To (he N. ie the mnch frequented 
Stadt-'Wald, on the W. veiEe of which la the veeelarian health eatablish- 
ment of iralduArlm (pen). MJI). 

Railwai to Colognb. To the left rises SeUoti BUtr. Beyond 
C156 U.) Benralk (Hesse), among the trees to the right, stands a 
blndsome royal chltean erected in 1756-60 by Elector Patatina 
Charles Theodore. Beyond (161 M.) Langaifdd the train crosses the 
Wupper, passes the ch&teau of A«i(si;Aenierp(left), and at(165'/tM.') 
Kiipptriteg crosses the Dhun. The Rhine Is approached nearScAfoM 
Stammhrim, a chltean of Count Furstenberg. 

1T2 M. MftUieim am Slitiii (H6Ul MagdebuTg; BrutKtcr Hof), 
a thriving manufacturing town with 45,000 inhab., which owes Its 
prosperity to the htindieds of Protestants who migrated hither from 
Cologne in the early years of the 17tb century. Handsome modern 
Gothic church near the station, by Zwirner. The equestrian statue 
of Emp. William I., by Bnscher, was unveiled in 1898. 

FaoM MdLHKm to luBaBappai., I81/.M,, railway in IVi-l'/t ^'- — ^'/j M- 
Biilbrsti. — i'h K. BacUsh-Oladbaoh (Bireticlitr Bof), a etriggllng lawn 

26 Route 3. COLOGNE. Ptaetieat 

with 11,100 inbabitantB. In the 'iclsity ia the StuadirOialilaht, 1 popnUr 
reiorl. The ClBterctan abbey <i( Alleaberg (p. 62) Uas 6 H. In the B.'of 
Glsdbach (caniage Iheie and hick 8-9 JO. snl 3 H to the S. of Btp-ichiid 
(p. 03). — It H. Bnibari (SeUtw JuiiicU; Bkanucher Bef}. a plue of 
iOMXI Inlub., piHHSHB a cbkleau built hj elector FaUtine John William 
Inim nonammtaryeisbool. Id tbe wooAi, about 1 U. to the 8., is the 
StUI-Fiiiuloa Bottabvi'ir (j:ea3. Ire Jl). — The remaining stations lait-Ftri- 
inch, Slunilh, Hoffntaigillial, (Miraehbaeh, and Jmaikipptl. 

From UUlheim to mbtrfsld and Barmm, see B. 7. 

Belon MQtheim ibe train intersects tbe fortifications of Daits 
(p. 55) and crosses the rallway-btidge to (175 M.) Cologne. 

StBAKBoiT ttom Ditigeldorr to Cologve (G hn., in tbe Teierae direction 
Vli bra.) tedioiu, although leveial places of bistorical interegt sre paaaed. 

3. Cologne. 

Kailway Btatigoa. 1. CeHtKAtStAiiuii (Fl. 


a SIATIOS (PI. C, 2 1 p. 81), for Blow train) and a few 
BBT SiaiioB (PI. F, 1 i p. 81), for jlow trains only. — 
iioH at D'eutz (Fl. E, G), far a few of tfaa ordinary 
he town: for packaEeB not eiceeding 11 lbs., SOpf.i 
Mpf.; not exceeding lOOlbB., IBpf. Cabs, Bee p. 2S. 
The rut steamers ol the Celogm ^ DUiteldorf 
etsrt from the Trankgaasen-Werft (Fl. F, 8), the 
he Leystapel (PI. D, B), respectively 2-3 min. and 

j iB at the Frankenwerft (PI. E.'B), i min. from Ihs 

k|B, 5), Frai 

„., Tim rauwaj-iicEec. post, and teleg: 

D. 4. omn. '/, Jl, -Moiel Mobopolb (PI. m^ I , „ 

cafei and ceilanraDt, R. S-R, B. I'/i, D. IJl; "Hotel Dtsca (PI. h; a, 4j, 
Brocken-Slr. IS, R. frAm » Jl: •HStbl do O&us (PI. i; S. i), near tbe 
ealhedral, B. 3-6, B. li/., D. S'/i, omn. l/j,J»; •KOlbeb Hof (Bet. de 

le'r^iM^' R. *3Vj-6, B. I'/i, d" (in'reBta^antl's, pm«!7rom s' J(,-%"iel 
BnNBT (PI. e; F, 4), Trankguse S, near the cathedral. AU these are of 
the first class, wltb lift, bstbs, electric light, and hol-alr heating. — The 
follDWiDg are also firit-clSBB, hnt leas preientiuus: 'Obosbee Koep6bbt 
(PI. 1 E, 4). Domkloeler 3, B. 3-S, B. li/i, D from 3V>, pen*. 9, omn. 'h Jli 
'EwioK LaiiPB (PI. gi F, 4). Eomodien.Str. 3.«, with caf« and restaurant; 
TlctOBlA(Fl. di D. £,S), HeDDiarkt46-fiO. B. 24, B. 1, P. 3, penB.T-lO^, , 
omn. eo pf., good cnislne l 'Coniihei'tai. (PI. t; E, 4), Dombof IB, B. V/i^, ( 
B. M'/., D. 3, peofl. from Th Jl. jm 

The lollowing are still less pretentions: 'St. Padi (PI. s; P, 4), ttt |, 
the corner of the Burimaner and Uoler Fettenbennen, with good view u( il 
the cathedral, B. 3.31/1, B. 1. D. 31/,, pens. O'JtS Jl; 'HBiel Hittel- I 
HiUBiH (PI. li F, 1), brzsUeii.Slr. 5, wiih lifl, electric I'ght, and hot-air I 
heating, R. ai/r4, B. 1, D. Sl/i -Ml PitASi-HdiEi (PI. pj E, 4), Am Hof 34, I 
with lift, electric light, and hot-air healing, B. bom i Jii KaiHZEn Hop I 
(PI. c; E, 3), OlDckengasse 14-20, R. 2-3, B. 1, D. 21/3, peuB. froiD Vlt Jl, 
eammerciali Beichseof, Am Hof 18 (PI. E, 1), «ilh H/l, electric lifht, 
hot-air healing, and beer-reetaurant, B. 3V»-2V». B. V.: D. I'M'/' -*; '_ 
•Belhibceee Hop (PI. y; F, *), KomofllenStr. 9, with Ilfl, elotlric light, r^ 
hot-air heating, aod rtstluranl, R. 3-3, B, 1 .* ,■ iEst.EEa HoF, Mar^eiren- g 

c. Google 


Notts. COLOGNE. 3. Route. 27 

Str. 19 [PI. F, 1), iritb lift, electric liebt, hnl-^r liealiBg, and TeBUonnt, 
R. 3-8, B. 1, D. I'/raV •*. "BU epoken of; Kiibik (ribdridb (PI. hi 
C, 3), S^er-mng 15, iiitb lift, elsctric lighi, bat-air bettiag, ind rcataurant, 
f^uBDted br otBttm, B. S-S, B. 1, D. 1>I,-2'I, Jl ,■ ^i see Wil bilk 
(PI. wi Q, 2), K^wr-Wilbelm-Klns 43, weU aitaated, wilb eleelric light 
and beer-reitaDTaiit, B. !2i/rfi, B. •/«-!. D' I'M •4'.- Kiherti (F1. ti F, «, 
Jobaanli-Sti'. 91, xilb beer-nalauranl) Vhiiw, Domiaikaner 3 (PI. F, 4), 
E. 24, B. 1, D. */s-*iH3TU.TiLB, AndrsM-Kloiler (PI, F, 4), witb electric 
llcht, K.3-3I/], B. 1, D. 2Vi.«; H of von Holland, HofErpiBH U, to Ibe B. 
of tbe cenlral rsllwa; alatian, R. 2-3</,, B. 1 ^. — Bsbiii-H6til, Levstapel 
(PI. D. a>, B. iVri, B. 1, D. ftoro i'lt Mi Baibiouiiik Hop, nasi to flie 
Uaaaum (PI. E, t); PaiMKUOHiB Hof, Kum6dien-8tr. 32 (PI. F, 4), with 
reaiaunnt, R. i B. fcom Wi, O. from iVi .«, weU spoken of; HdtEL 
HtTiOFDLK, Am Boris, witb wine-room^ Sfmi. Lahdibebs (PI. a;F, 4), 
HuieUen-Str. 1; HaTBC Stbutis, JobsnoiB-Str. 16(P1.F,5), Dear the r^lwav; 
HaiKt Vahdebbtiim-Beli-bs, Henmirkt 30 (PI. D, B, 6), with wine-room, 
B. 3Vi, a. Vj. D- 1'/< ^, "Oil 'pokcn nf; HStel HBfee, Dmeuneaase II 
(PI. E, 4), wilb eloelric llgUl aod bot-»ir beating, B. I't^, D. H/t .«; 
H^5iel'l.«q.b, Salomonseaue 13 (Pi. E,4), wlUi Kine-reaUaranl, commercliiU 
Eaibubop (PI. ujE,!), SalomonigasBe 11, wllb hot-air healing, and beer- 
renaiiranl, B, a-aik B. J, D, fromlV*.-»ill,>T7EBHor, 8»lomOT.BE.He 18| 

^-..aji UOTAL t.ow£FBBAtj nocD-air. iu, 

VjiJl! HotelObiaoks, St. AealbBfrt 

„ , . '/r3, B. »/h D 2 M- ~ CHEiBTLloHEa 

a, B), Johannls-Str. 11. a, ii/r-i'/! -*- B. 60 nf., D. 1 

" '—\: Uatltr't Familim-PHXIVir •'•—'--''■- <" " 

; ScOati, Boon-EtT, 40. 

(PI. D. 4), wilb eleciric ligbi, a. I'/r^, B. '/^ 

HoBi-ii (PI. q i a, B), JohannlB-Str. 11. a, H/r-i', _. - ,-, _. - 

Bns. M J». — Panaisna: JfBII.r'j Fsmi'lm-PHmm, AlbcrtooStr. 37i St 
cbi --.__._ „ ., 

. _._ , ... _.__ ______ _ __d 10(P1.B, 4), 

)oni 'Jfaui etadUlualH-He.-laurwil, D. from2.«,- -lionopol! 
, '^ImrBof 'Orotstr Eurfilril, aesp.Sfii O/lrantch (p. 44), 
; °P. fiout, HoheoiDllerB-BlDE 14. all of the llrit 
d bj ladies. — Wine. Pstari. fleverin-Str. 18J (PI. B, C, 4), 
ei Sinirciniiitu, aetp. SB! •Bicimam, Am Bof as(PI, E, 4), 
ipf. ; AlldtaacAe Wanlnrtpe. Am HofU; Laagin, Bee ahoiel 

.._. „.... „ . . ,^g-,^ Moselle winBi 

I ! mnz, Llmbttiger- 
.... , — B«r. •FiKAir, 

r. (PI. E, 1); 'BUntatI, al the Belgiscbet Hot 

(sec above), D. n/.-l'/t -*." '(^af* BoruiHa, see below; Stapslhaiu (PI. K, Bi 
p. 4T), at Ibe Frankenwerfl, with gBrdec-teTracB (mUiliry band); KaiHrHtf, 
see abore; Pielu)}TbrSti. Burgbofchen and Kof-Str. 38; Ltambrau, Hobe- 
atr, 90, D. I-IV, Jii '£rdnl(l, Martin-Str. 34 (PUsen beer); SOI- Kaittr 
WOMn, see ibDve. — Coloohe Beeii: PSfffta, Friesen-Str. i Jfum Sari, 
Auf dam Brand) Brlridaniliammer, Jobannii-Str. i Zur XaHpaait, Bielte 

Oafta. -Jlonopct, see p. 26 ; •Aautr, Hneb-Stt. 69, comer of tl 

Stabl; *i7a/^dsl'£<>rc]ic, at tbe HdlBlEHlge, Wi. 
rfleken-Sir. 1 (PI. E, 4)) Fitelur, la the Pbbsi 

le HdlBl Euig. 

'Sseftir, la (h. 

(see Bhove) i"'V* Sonmia, HoheBiollem-Biw 68 (Pl- 

i, koeh-8tr. 154;'- 
(ri. a, *, 8); 'Jfiitr, Hoeh-Bir. OS. 

Plaeaa of Saoreatioa. ^noliv'cal Onrden, wltb frequenlBd *ReBtaUTi 
(ee p. 51. Adm. 1 Ji, on SundaiB EO pf. ■. concerts in summer on Tne 
Prid. in IbB evening, on olber dais in the afternoon (In winter on S 
Wed., and Sat. aftemoonB onlv). Steamers, scb p. 39. — Flora Oon Admission 50 pf. Aqusrium 25 pf. RBStenrant; coocertaon f 

Routt 3. 



etauTSnt nitb ptett; grounds (p. 68); sdjaCEnl on tbeKblne. ateAlMmrtir 
MMlt, cummandliie s One view, ~ Sladlaali, in Lindenlhai, Bee p. (15. — 
RaacBttrie., see p. 63 (meetingj in April, May, Sept., and Oct.), 

TbHtiu. N4ati Sladt-Tluaur (VI. D, H; p. 63), Habsbarger Ring, ror 
opETss, dramad, ind ba]]«t3 (Sept. lat-May Sle(] ; .^IH SIodf-I'Aufer (PI. E, S; 
p. 13), OlocliengaEse, tor comedies aid opecettu (Sept. fat- April 3Utb); St- 
lideni-Thialir (Pl.F,2i p. 53), Bijmarsk-Str., modern dramas, taices, tnd 
operetlu; ;3unni«- Thealri io tbe Flora (see p. 37)-, KafcVAallm - TAmCi- 
{PI. E, £5, Gertniden-Blr. iO, rwietj petlorm 

'Etilaer B 

6 jl, in (he gallerj 3 Jl), ti 

I. (p. «; I 

a Eoropeai 

Tiog-Str. 9; Apom 


bavB earned a hlgb reputation are llie CnuinatoHum tf itiuic (PI. £, S), 
Woir-StF. 3, founded in 1861, and tlie Uanntr-Oaangverein, or Heo'a Vocal 
Society (p. 48). 

Featdiali. -GanUval. On Not. lltta and weekly after Jan. let tbe Ibree 

OB tbeXoa. befoK 9hroTB Tues., and™n Sbrore Tues. tbere is a masked 
bail in tile Giirxebicb Hail (p. 46 ; early applicatiou for tickets necessary), 

DriTB witliiii 







- 75 
jt 25 

i - 


1. 50 


1- 50 

- 50 


■ -re 


a from 11 p.m 

;. additional is paid if tb 

a.m.), . 

'.a free. — Double 

, J-tnera. 

A municipal districl) 5U pf., each SOO m. ectra 10 e.; 
1-1 pare. BO e., eaeb W> a. more 10 pf. ~ Wailing, 
' — Oder ajlbs. free; sSfiBlbs. 2o pf.; 


>/i H.), 1-2 pere. 50 pf., eacb 4D0 

(l-Jperj. out-'' -'- 

ai nlgrbt 100 i 

10 pf. every 1 mioulea. — Lnegi 

each addil. DSIba. or fractioii 2G pi, 

Sleotaio Tramwayi (Care iO-15 pf.]. Tbe folluwing are the c) 
for tourists: 1. (Uler-BahnJ. From tbe Za«iogical aarien (p. 5i), 
Kaiaer-Friedricb-Ufer(Pl, H,P^6,e), LejBtapeKPl. D,0)^andABrippin(L- 

(Pl! F,' 5, 'near Ibe calbedra^'aud'cenlr^ station) ril Hcumarkt (Pi. E, d" 
Barbarosea-PIati (PI. C, 2), Rudolfe-Plalz (PI. E, 2), Kaiser-Wllhelm-rii 
(Pi F, !), and aoreonsdrieBcb (Pi. F, 8) bitk to tbe -FroKigaat. — 3, anni 
Babn). From tbe Ubitv-Siaii (PI. A, 6), yii Bajen-Slrasse (Pi. B, C, 6), 
Josepb-Slrasse, Im Martinafeld (PI. C, 3), Seumarkt (PI. D, " "' ' ' ^ 
Berlltb (PI. E, 3), KlineelpiiW (PI. F, G, 3), and Hana" "'- - 
Bing (PI. G, H, 6). — 1. (Quer-Bobn). From tbe ■— ■" 
"-■■ "'-" "- ' ■'I.C,3),Aposleli "' 

luf ^en 

the Huaeum (71. E, (). UnMrfetteahennen (PI. 
(PI. G, t), and Neussei-atr. (PI. H, 1), to the fia. 
by tbe same route with ■ eligbl deiiation in tbe 

iB-ttiu.ier (PI. D, E, 3}, r -■■ 
len (PI. F, 4), Etgeli- 

■' r«(p. 56), re.nri.1 

die of it — 5. (Sli 


Babn). Ftod the DMsr-fUn; (PI. A. 5), vilEnd< 

(PI. G, H, S, 4), and Itiebler.Strasae (PI. H, uj, •», uin ^i>»yia» uurucn 
(p. 51). — 6. From Itariailiarg (p. 63; Til Cbiodwigs-Plati (PI. A, 4), SeTetin- 
etrasse (PL B, C, 4), Heumarkt (PI. D. E, 5), Trankgasee (cathedral station], 

,.._.,.,.. <. ,^. „ ., . „ . ,(,„.p,jtj (PI, j._ aj \o EtrmfiU 

E, 3) >ia RudnlfB-Plata (P' " "" 


o UndAUAol (Btadtwi 
■Uts and Meli ' ■~ 


J, 65). — 8. 
ry, P- 66) tc 

I Ibe Ntima 

t Ti& Budolfe- 

Note>. COLOGNE. 3. Route- 29 

Btamn Tnunwuyi. 1. From the Schaafen-Str. (PI. D, 3), via £A>dniMaI 
Dd fneliei, to Bnueirafh and SloltVim. — 2. From Ihe Baibarosea-Plali 
PI. C, 2) vli, BrtM (p. 30), to Bonn ('VgrBebirgabahn' ; comp. p. 80). 

Lsoal Btaamara plf freqnentl; betwesn Cologne snd J/(JIA><m (p. 2C 

lllie Tr»nkeiifi<o Wharf (PI. P, B), "nrt n^.r thp n'™,inrf'^«i »„rt wi™ 
ardens(pp. ei,5Si lApt.l; alio on i 

brldge-of-boili, wilb awl mmiiiB- baths and accommodatioa kat Udles 
ItlSllt^Se/atimiaaiulall, Id Dents, betwem tbe tno Bhlie brideeg. 

P«t aid Tdegtaph OfBna (ffoupl-i^laml,' PI. F, 1; p. 03), Id (bi 

s tEat'it Was Am 

Domod'oasola ii.°lT0e,"whil8 moihlr tradition 
ougbt to Qenoan; In 1690 b; Pant ie FeminU, 

~ ~ ma Maria Farltia, opposite 

Balls (p. tS), and it Ed. S^liuUe'i. Kic]iarti-«tr. ld<Pl. E, t; adm. 50 pf.). 
Among Ihe numerous FrlTBtc Oollactisni marbs mentioned I hose of Bar 
Alliirf •«■ Oppenl\iim. Scrr SdiniUgiB, and Ear C. A. Xiatan (Boman Ac 
qui lies), which are esneraliy ahown to ioversof »ri on proTtoot »pplicaii( 

United Btatea Ooniul: Mr. Chai. E. Barnei, Hohenzoliem-Bing 12. 
Biitiab Osniui: Birr C. A. yiaiien, Domhof 6 (aleo roreign banker). 

Bnillih Ohmgh Ssriiog in the Chapel in Ihe Hotel du Hord erouB> 
Biecbofigarten-Str. S. Hours of Serrica. varying according to notice, at B.l 
11. and S, in iriater and enmmer . Chaplain, Sir. £ldred VoTnan, Domkloelei 

BnsUah Phyaiciant: Or. Sail. EiibrerEsMB 32 i Or. Prior, Eals 
Wllhelm-Ring 18. — Ameritao Dantista : B. C. Mtrrill tt John W. Oa 
Hoheniollem-Rlng 7Bj Or. Wm. HiMnti. Opirnn-Hlr. :il. n.- ./o. ««■,-*- 
HohenioUern-Bing 3. — 
Sir. Ij B. Ifredf, WaUrafi 

Domkloal*! 1 (both al»n foi 
Agent of Ihe S.E. * Chatusm Haiiwayj. 

"-"—tana and objMta of Intanab 
see n. 33 

ID. 10-1; gratis. 

t. 10-1. 

, adm. AOpf., San. free. 

OOriaiMi (p. U), open all dayi 1-2 para. 50 pf. each, a partr 10 of. each. 

XttiuttrUa An LiKram (p. 51), week-days 10-12 and 7-10-, free. 

iftucuin, ArcMepitapal (p. SB), week-days 9-8 (winter 104), adm. 50 pf., 

Snn- A holidays 1(^3. adm 50 pf 
Jltiistm. Bliloneai (p. AS), daily 9-5 (Oct.-Harch 10-4). adm. free on Sun. 

«Wed., other days fibpf ; closed on Sun. l-S.SOp.m. on Kon. before 

noon, and on Jan. Isl. -Cai-aivil Monday- (p 28), (Jood Fridar, Easter 

Snnday. WhilBonday, and Christmaa Day. 
■Jfiuemn of InduiUHai Art (p. 511, open ai the Hisiorical Musonmi gratis. 
jr<>jRitn of SaHral Elilory {p. *T), open aa the Historical Museum. 
•Mnevm Wattraf-RMiartt (p. 39l, open as Nai. Hist, Moseum. 

30 fiouteS. COLOGNE. HUtory. 

rrlBdpkl Attrutioiu : Caliedral, inlerior, and walk round tUc eHerpal 
Ebair-gall«ry(p, 33); Museum (j. 39)^ mhi Slriutt {p. 12); Salhluiiu (p. tS); 
lloltU JfrnwiHiU (p. 13); aanmUh (p. tl); Si. Maria Im Capitai [p. Wl\ 
thencs pmoBed to tlie Keumirkt snd pMl the Chvreh of Iht ApoiUa (p. *B) 
to £f. l7tTwn (p. 49) ; wilk or drive In the oevr Rinfl-Slraiit (p. &!) md urmi 
one of tha XAMt findf^i ; J^xra or ZitolrtgUai Oardm (pp. 56, U). A visit to the 
chiaritEhts of Cologne OGonples tvro dara, Mdu conveolentlj accomplished 
In the order foIlDved below. Tba best time for the chuichcs ii the morn- 
iuf after 10 o'clock. Tbe aerrtcea ofTaleta-da-placs are qnlle mperflgoug. 
Anemoon eicaraioDs mar be nikde to jUlmbirf (p. 63), BttOou SrtM (g. 80), 

Coiognt (120 ft. sbOTe the sei'lBTel), tbe lugest town Id the 
KhBDieh Province ofPnuali, the reaideaee of an atchbiahop, and 
one of the most important commeicial places in Qemutny, is a fort- 
lesaofthe first class, with 988,000 inhabitants (five-sixths of whom 
are Roman Catholics}, inclading a garrison oF 8000 men and the 
Babuibs. It lies on the left banh of the Khine, across which & bridge- 
of-boats and an iron bridge lead to Deutz |j. 65]. From a distance, 
aad especially when approached by eteamboat, the town with its 
numerous lowers presents a very imposing appearance, but most of 
the old streets are narrow and gloomy. Many of them, however, 
eODtain interesting specimens of domestic architeotnie, dating 
from the 16th, 15ch, and even the 13th eentnry. The development 
of tbe town received a great Impetos in 1881 , when tbe adoption of 
a farther advanced line of fortlficalions literally doubled tbe area 
of the town-domain, and also in 1888 by the incoiporation of the 
Buburba of Bayenlkal, Ehrenftld, flippes, and Dtutt. Large harboar- 
works aEid wharves vere constiacted on the ilver-side of the town 
in 1892-98. 

Hiatorr. Cologne was foanded by tbe DMi, at the time whan Ihey 
were compelled bjAi^rippa to migrate from tbe right to tbe lefl bank of 
tbe Kbine (B. C. SS}. In A. D. fil Agrlppina. danebter of Oennanleiia and 
mother of Kero, tonnded here a colon; of Roman vetenni, which at first 

It waa the seal of ihe Legate' of Qci-mania /n/irior. Tbe Bomin city- 

St. Haria In Capitol (PI. D, 1). Ihe Cathedral (PI. F, 1), the Bomertkorm 
IPl.P.Sjp.M), and the S. end of Iba Eleine Griechcnmarki (PI. C,3). The 
Dkval camp, recently discovered, la; at Alieburg (p. 2S), to tbe S, of Cologne. 

destroyed b; the Kormani, and anally removed by ArcbbUhop Brano 
(see p. 49). From the end of the fifth century (^loine belonged to the 
kingdom of the Franks, and it was lung occnpied by the lUpnarian kings. 

to It a valnable library, nbich sliU eiia^ip"^). 

The archbishops aoun began tn la; claim to political aa well as 

to tbem by the Emperor into nnllniited Jorlidiction over the city. In 

the citiiens, and their iinarrela nausUy asanined the form of ssngDinary 
fends, particularly onder Anno II. (lOOG-ta), PAdipji mn Biimbirt (lIBT-fllt 
Conrad ton Soc/umdm (123»-61), EagMirl •»« Falleabure (1S61-T4), and 

Art HUtory. COLOGNE. 3. Boutt. 61 

Bitgf<-i»d (on Wtilcrbur} (1275-97). The long conleBl wu decided in favonr 
of mnnioipil Independence by the buttle ofWorringen (1288; !oe p. 6B), 

(p. SO), wai tfterwnrdB to Bonn, Tbef retained, buirerer, the liigliesl 
iorlidicHon ind otber rigbts, ud tbe clUienB contlnned to tnke tlie natb of 
»llet(»nte, '-o lOBB " 'Hej "bonld be mtinUined In the right* nod priYilEgp- 

the town llsBlf, between different noble fiiniUea or between tbe noblea 
and the gnlM., were etill nn>re Wolenl. It wm not (ill 1396, when the 
galldi gained sdeciaive ndv&Dtige, thnt there wu ■ ceu&tion of hDetililiea 
icomp. p. 13). In 1483, 1613. tnd on other occuionB, the ejty wu ngsin the 
scene of roroluHoBary struggles. Its vigoroas fund nt vHnlilj is shown b] 
the fkct tliit. Id tpits of iJI these Iroables, CologDe wu TisqDeetioiiiblj one 
of the weftlthleat snd moil proaperoni clUei la Oermkny at the end nf 
the IBtb centarf. Its commerce, especially Its trade with LoodoD, where 
ft poiiejied wirebousei at tbe Onlldhull, wu ot the greiteet importunce. 
At an earlj date ColoEse became incorporated with tbe Basitalic Ltagur, 
in which tt eonWatail the gnpremacy with Labeck. The weights and 
measures of Cologne were In tue In almost everr Khenlah, Weitphallan, 
and Datch town. A fair held at Cologne at Easter attracted yiellori from 
all parts of Barope. and even from beyond the sea. 

In the eonne of lU medlsial history Cologne may bout of having 
twlee been a cradle of German Arl. The Srst occasion was abont the 
middle of Ihe 12th canlnry, when the ecciesiuiical estbaBlum shown by 
the acquisition of the relics of (he Hagl.and also the cWic love otiplendoar 
fonnd eipreiiion in a highly-developed style of Abo siTHCToas, calculated for 
^ctarMqne effect (eomp. p. iivUI). One after another the la^er churches 

seen from the Venmarkl. During the 13th cent, the taste for building eon- 
Uased and led to a restoration of the Calhcdral, in which, however, the 

etyle, emanating from France and then spreading rapidly throughoat Europe. 
From the close ot the 14th cent, onwards, Cologne enjoyed a second golden 

bnl only In a very few instances can any of these be definitely attached 

13801, Bttphan LBclmtr (d. 1461 ; eomp. 
the nrfit (flnurished ca. 1461^90). The 
in Cologne are the Dombild (p. 31), th 
(p. 88), nnd the Madonna in an arhoui 

ware bnill. Prior to 1801, when many ot them were secnlartsed, Cologno 
poatetaed more than 100 churches, which, ot conrie, conld only be kept 
in repair by constant care and attention. — In the province of SciIHCs, 
Cologne held by no means so high a place u In that ot art. The nniver- 
titv, funnded In 1388, acquired, u the chief seat of the opposition 
toBwDanlsn in tbe contest of Eencbltn with the Obicnrantlsts , a wide 

ktttr Oie i6th century Cologne declined, at first gradually, and after- 
Is rapidly. In common with the rest ot the Hanseatie towns its 
neree lost its former licporUnce. ConUnnal Internal discords, leading 

rfeld, Dusseldorf, and Miilheim, proved' very pr^ndicial to the 

mperial city until Its ocoapatlon bV the Frene\i (6th Oct., 1794). By the 
eaee ot Campo Formlo (ITtb Oct., 1T9T) It wu incorporated with France. 
- It was not till after 1816, nndei Froisian rule, (Eat Cologne began to 

revive Tbe rapid p 

Roale 3. COLOGNE. a. CathedraL 

' wbom pnaaue gitat wsilth, Imvi 

th« moat canilderkUa u 

le BheBlib tnde i 

The ••CatlLSdnlf, or Dom (PI. E, F, 4), which jnsUy eicius 
the admiration at eTeiy beholder, »nd Is probably the most magni- 
ficent Qothic edifice in the world, stands on a slight eminence aboot 
60 ft. aboTe tbfl Rhine, partly composed of Roman and Frankish 
remains, near the Central Statton. It le dedicated to St. Peter. Aa 
early as tbe 9tb century an episcopal church (see p. 30) occupied 
this site, but in coarse of time the Inhabitants regarded It aa 
unworthy of the rapidly increasing size and prosperity of their city. 
The Archbishop St. Engelbert first enteruiued the project of erecting 
a nev church here, but in consequence ol his untimely death In 
1225 (see p. 36) ft was never eiecnted. His second successor Conrad 
of Hochsladen (see p. 36}, after the old church had been severely 
injured by a confiagration, at length laid the foundation-stone of 
the present structure with great solemnity on 14th Aug., 1248, The 
designer of this noble work IsbelieTed to have been MeitUr Qtrard, to 
whom the Chapter made a grant in 1257 in recognition of his services. 

The choir was the first part of the building proceeded with. 
Tbe work progressed slowly, Gerard's suecesaora, MeUter Arnold and 
his son MeistrtJdlutnn, being serlonety hampered by the struggles be- 
tween the archbishops and the citizens [see p. 30], The stone used 
in the building was quarried in the Draehenfels (see p. 93). On 
27th Sept., 1322, the choir, which had been temporarily terminated 
by a lofty wall towards the west, was solemnly consecrated by 
Archbishop Belnrich, Count of Vimeburg. Tbe builder soon 
proceeded to lay the tonndationa of the H. and (In 1325] 8, 
tiansepta, while at the same time the old church, which was still 
nsed for divine service, was gradually removed. In 1388 the nave 
was sufficiently advanced to be tempotartly fitted up for service, 
and in 1447 the bells were placed in the 8. tower. Subsequently 
the enthngiasm anbsided, and by the end of the 15th century all 
hope ofseelng the church completed was abandoned. The unfinished 

» Travellers ar« retommeiidEd ngt to ooBBge any of the oumeroM 
valeU-de-pItce who hover sboul, in and oesr the utbedcal, u tlielr Hrv- 
icea are nnnecewiary. Tbe nave and Iraniept (<ritli tbe atained-glait 
windows) are open the whole daj, but wiLlklng about U forbidden durint 
divine gorvice, iheliouts of which vary (but reguJatly on week-days B- 10 a.m. 
and 3.3.30 p.m.). Tickets toviail tbe eboir Ibeat licbl in the morning) and 
treaanrj CJ'/i •* eafh person) are lold by the 'Domschwelier', or &ttendanU 
stationed in tbe cathedral. Boari of admission: rrom Isi May to 30th Sept. 
on Won.-Prtd. 10-11 a.m., 12.30-3, 3.30-7 p.m. : Sat. 10-11 am,, 13.80-2.30 p.m. i 
Sun, 12-1.30, 6-7 p.m. ; from Isl Oct, to aOlh April Mon,-Frid. 10-il, iI.30-1, 
3.90-5^ Sal. lO-il, ilSO-i; Son, 13-lp.m. From 6 ta S16a,m. the choir le 
open througbont the year, but walking about Is seldom allowed, aa divine 
eervice is then uioalty coinB on, Aicenl to the upper eailarr, the towui, etc., 

building was provided with s temporary loof aliout 1608, and in the 
l?th and 18th cent, tlie intetior was decorated In the degraded style 
of the period. The uncompleted struetnre became more and more 

i. EnietlKrt Cliapal. 2. Hitemiu Ch. S. Cb. of 81. Jobo. i. Oh. of lUe 

TbrM EiDH. a. CD. of 81. A(nu. 6. Ch. of Bt. Ulcibael. T. Ch. of S>. 

etsphro. 8. Cb. of lbs Vlldn. 9. Tnuatj. 10. Saciiatv. 11. Cliapter 

Honse. I'i. Libtarf . 

dilapidated. In 1796 tha bnllding iraa Mavertsd by the French lato 
a hay-magazine, tti min being rendered more complete by the 
atMttaction of the lead rrom the roof. 

Frederick WUUam in. and TV., Kinga of Pruula, at length 
rescued the desecrated edifice from total destruction. The former, 

Uaedsiu'i Rbine. Iblli Erli4. 3- 

34 Routes. COLOGNE. a. Cathedral. 

■t the suggestion of Salplce Boiasertfe, caused it to be examined by 
the eminent architect Schinkel in 1816, and gave orders to preierve 
the hnlldiag aa it then wat. The voxi of reacoratlon waa not began 
till 1823. It was at first carried on nnder the Baperlntcndenco of 
AbUrl {d. 1833), and afteiwatds undet that of the talented Zioimer, 
a thorough master of the Qothlo style (d. 1861). On Zwimer's death 
R. YoigUl (1629-1903] succeeded to his office, and carried the work 
to an end. Zwimer vas tlie flnt to form the project of complet- 
ing the cathednl, an idea hailed witb general enthuetaam. The 
foundatioii'Btone of the nev pan of the building wis laid on 4th 
Sept. , 1842, and more than 15,0001. were afterwards spent yearly on 
the undertaking, the greater part of this amonnt being defrayed by 
government, the remainder by private snbscrtptiDns, societies, and 
the proceeds of a lottery. The entire sum expended tietween 1842 
and 1880 amounted to npwarda of 900,0001. The laat atone of the 
huge 8. tower was placed Is position in Angust, 1880, and on the 
15tb Oct. of the same year the completion of the cathedral was cel- 
ebrated in the presence ef the Emperor William I. and almost all 
the sovereign princes of the Qerman Empire. 

The cathedral is a cruciform structure (see Plan, p. 33), the 
nave being flanked with doable, and the transept with single Usles. 
Total length 157 yds., breadth 67 yds., length of transepts 94 yds., 
height of the walls 150ft., height of the roof 201 ft., height of the 
central tower rising over the crossing 357 ft. The W. towers are 
515 tC. in height (comp. p. 38). Thie enormous mau ot maMnry 
is enlivened by a profusion of flying buttreases, turrets, gargoyles, 
galleriei, cornices, foliage, elo. 

The * W. Fatade, whidk has been completed entirely in accord- 
ance with the still extant original daslgni of the 14th cent, with it« 
two huge towers, is a superb example of strictly consistent Gothic 
workmanship. The towers consist of four stories, of which the three 
lower are square in form, while the_ fourth is octagonal, crowned 
with elegant open spires. 

The largest ot Ih« BtlU In Ibe 3. tower Is the KaUtr-OlotU , which 
wu cut in 1870 with the metal of FreDCb gnna, and welglu ?I torn > 
'^1 Hneen are required to set It in mDUon. Tbe next two in point or 
niie, cut In 1447 and 144S, weigh II and 6 tons. 

The Frmeipal Forlal is 93 ft. In height and 31 ft. In width ; 
the side-portals 38 ft. high and 18 ft. wide; the central window 48 
ft. high and 20 ft. wide. The portal of the S. tower was decorated 
iu the beginning of the 15th cent, with eiaellent scvlptores, prob- 
ably by Mtiiler Conrad Kuyn. The bronze doors were modelled by 
SckneldtT of Cassel, and cast at Iserlohn In 1891-93. — The arms of 
the transept are terminated by the N. and S. portals, which were 
completed in 1869 , having been built entirely tma Zwlmei's 
designs, as the original plans were no longer exunt. The S. Portal 
is executed in a simple style; tiie beaattfnl hronte •Doom, from 
the designs of Utngtlbtrg of Utrecht, were cast at Stuttgart (1891J. 

a. CaOiidral. COLOONE. 3, Rovte. 35 

The "S, Portal, with bianze dooia sftsi Schntider'i designs (g. 34^, 
l9 elaborately dei^orated, and embeUlshed with statues designed by 

The 'Choir, completed in 1332, and flanked with seven chapels, 
1b Bubstuittally a repetition of that of the cathedral of Amiens, bat 
tome of ita details are even more perfect in foim. In its lower parts 
it exhibits the simple aod dlgnifled forms of the early Gothic style, 
while in the upper parts the full magnificence of the consummated 
art is dispUyed. 

The •'Intbbiob, which Is borne by 66 pUIara , is 130 yds. In 
length. The nave la 16 yds. wide fMm the eentie of one pillar to 
that of the one opposite, and 14d ft. In height) each of the innei 
■isles 1b T'/s yds., each of the outet 9 ydi. wide; each of the foui 
aisles is 60 feet high. The area of the interior is 7400 sq. yds. 
In 1863 the partition which for centuries had separated the nave 
from the choir (see p. 34} was removed, and in 1890-98 the mosaic 
pavemeut jfas restored from designs by Eisenvxin and Oeiger. The 
effect produced by the emtmbU is now singularly impressiTe. 

Nath andTBAHSBPT. The large stained-glass window above the 
W. portal, executed by JUttdc of Liibeck, was presented in 1878 
by Emp. Frederick III., when Crown Prince. The Ave stained-glass 
'Windows in the N. (left) aisle, executed in 1508 and 1509, and 
presented by Archbishop FhUipp yon Daun-Obersteln, the town of 
Cologne, Archbishop Hermann von Hessen, and Count Philipp 7on 
Timeburg, are among the finest examples of the kind now extant. 
The subjects are: 1. Passion and Resurrection of Christ; below, 
St. Lawrence, Madonna and Child, and the donors. 1. Life of St. 
Petei, and Tree of Jesse ; below, St. Sebastian and an archbishop. 
3. Adoration of the Shepherds^ below, SS. George, Reinold,Oereon, 
and Hanrlce, with Agripps and Harsilins, the tradittonary founders 
of Cologne. 4. Tlsit of the Queen of Sheba to Solomon, the Three 
Hagij below, St. Peter in the papal chair, the Archblsbop of Cologne, 
the Madonna, and SS. Elizabeth and Christopher, patron saints of 
Hesse. 5. Coronation of theTligin, St. John the Evangelist, St. 
Petei in the papal chair, SS. Mary Ifagdalen and George,, and the 
donor with hb two wives. — The five beautiful modem windows of 
the S. aisle, with representations from New Testament history, 
by Joieph FiMc\er and Bellweser, were presented In 1848 by King 
Lewis I. of Bavaria. ~ The first window on the W. side of the 
S. Transept was in 1856 fllled with sUined glass, execoted like the 
preceding In Munich, to the memory of Joseph von Oorres (1771)- 
1848], 'catholics veritatis defensori generoso'. The second window, 
and the one opposite it, representing respectively scenes from the 
livaa of St. Peter and St. Paul, were erected by the directors of the 
two leading railway-companies at Cologne. To the left of the latter 
is a window with S9. Sixtus and Hilarius. The modem stained- 
glass windows above tin S. Portal, presented by the Erop, 'William I., 

36 fluufe 3 COLOGNE. u. Cathedral. 

veie cxeuutad in Berlin; thOBe ot the N, portal, iwmmemorfttiug 
the elevation of Archbishop von Geisael of Cologne to the rank of 
cardinal, are of Cologne workmanship. — The old etained glaas on 
the W, side ot the N, Transept ia from several ancient churcbea of 
Cologne, now demolUhed. 

The statues on the pillars of the vestibule , the nave , and the 
transept represent ptophete, apostles, and saints. — By a pillar of 
the S. transept stands a Statue of St. Chriitopher, about 10 ft high, 
dating ftom the beginning of the 16th century. The flist carred 
altat (1520) by the E. wall of this transept, in the late-Gottde style, 
is from the church of St. Maria ad Gradue (pnlled down in 1817) ; 
the second attar is of Westphalian origin (16th cent.). 

The Choib is separated from the nave by an iron raillag. We 
enter by the N. (left) door. Consoles projecting from the 14 pillan 
of the central part, oi Bigh Choir proper, bear 8tatue> of Christ, 
Hary, and the Apostles, dating from thei4th cent, and repainted 
in 1840 The nine frescoes in the spandrels executed by Stetnle 
In 1843, represent Angel Chain In the ecclesiastical symbolto style; 
they are beat seen from the gallery of the choir (p. 38). The walls 
behind the carved-wood Choir Stalls (14th cent.) are covered with 
interesting mural paintings of the same period, unfortunately 
concealed by silken tapestry worked by ladies of Cologne after 
Bamboux' designs. Under brasses, with engraved fuU-length flgurea, 
repose Archbishop von Spiegel (d. 1836) and Cardinal von Qelisel 
(d. 1864). The High AUar, restored in the original style in 1899, 
is sarmounted by the old 'Altar of St. Clara', with a flne nood- 
caiving of the Passion ; the wings are adorned with patnUngs of the 
school of Ueister Wilhelm. Above the triforium of the choir is > 
series of admirable old Stained Olati Windows, representing the 
kings of Judab, etc. (ca. 1300). 

Caom Ceafblb. In front ol the sacristy ti the sarcophagus ot 
AT<ihbi»hop Engelhert von der Mark (1364-68), with a flue flgure in 

1. The ( 
tained down tc 

who was assassinated by Friedrioh von Isenburg on fie QeTelsberg 
near Sohwelm in 1225, but they are now preserved In a magnlQcent 
silver reliquary in the treasury. The tomb atArchbithop Anton tion 
SehaueiAurg (d. 1661) Is worthy of notice. • 

3. Chapel of St. Matermti. Torob ot ArchMihop Philip von Beint- 
berf (d. 1191), with a'good statue of.tho 14th century. The form 
of this monument refers to the fact that the city-walls were begun 
under this archbishop. The altar-piece' is by Barfhol. de BruKn 

3. Chapel'ofSt. John, "romb of AnAhiihop Conrad non Boch- 
itadm(i. 1261), founder of the cathedral , with the flgate of the 
deceased In bronze (restored In 1847), from the Brat half of the 

a. Cnthedrrtl. COLOGNE. 3. Route. 37 

l&th centDcy. Above tlie altu are mural paintings or the 14th cent- 
uif. Under glass In a maisive oaken frame is bete preserved the 
original sketch on parchment of the W. facade of the cathedral with 
the two towen in their completed form. Part of this interesting 
design wu fonnd at Darmstadt In 1814, the rest at Paris in 1816. 

4. Chaptt of the Magi. Here were formerly preserved the 
'Bones of the Magi' or 'Three Kings', which were brought by the 
Empress Helena to Constantinople. They were afterwards taken 
to Milan , and in 1164 presented by Frederick Barbarossa to Arch- 
blshop Reinsld von Daseel, by whom they were removed to Cologne. 
This te the origin of the three crowns in the city's arm?. The re- 
ll([Dary in which they are preserved Is now in the treasury (p. 38). 
The chapel contains & modern Qothlc altar, embellished with carv- 
ings (the Magi, etc.] of the 14th century. On the S. side is the 
tomb of Archbithop Ernest of Bavaria (A. 1612)'. The other electors 
of the Honse of BaTsria repose oatslde thU chapel. The heart of 
Marie de Mfdteis (ji. 48} is also bnried under a stone without in- 
scription in front of tbe cbapsl. — Opposite, at the bock of the 
high-altar, la tbe tomb of Anhbiibop Dietrich von Mor» (d. 1463). 

5. Chapel of 8t, Agnee, with old stained-glass windows, much 
restored In parts, and noteworthy mural paintings of the 14th cent., 
restored hy Eleinertz. In the middle of the chapel is the Qothlc 
Sareophagiii of St. Irmgardti (11th cent.}. 

6. Chapel of at. Mkfiatt. Marble tombstone of ArcAiiahop Wal- 
Tom of JiiUeh (d. 1349}. Harhle itatae of the imperial general Von 
Hoehkirchen (who fell at Landan in 1703), by the Florentine For- 
tlni. — Thia chapel contains the celebrated *DombUd, a large winged 
picture, painted by Slephan Lochntr before 1460, representing the 
Adoration of the Hagi in the centre, St. Gereon and St. Ursula on 
the wings, and the Annunciation on the outside. 

Thin it donbUeii the picture alluded to in Dfiier's diary dF his tr»- 

pFennlgi!' to see the picture which 'Jifaslir Slefftn' had puoted at Co- 
Idtcs. Haiiter Stephan or Btepban LoeliBer wag a iitlve of Keerabnrc on 
tbe Lake of ConitaDca, who geems lo ha°e eettled nI Cologne nbout fUX 
In lUS ha was eleded a municipal genatoT by hit gsUd, and he died 
beCoce the end of 14fil. The pictoce, which is of imposlag dimensions, 

■oediieval Umes, ind the modem realism introdnied by tbe Dnteli school, 
Ai the flneit work of the Baily German Bcbool, H bas tecelved freat 
attention from conuulgeeun, and justly occnpieg u imporlant place in the 
blgtory of art. II wai In the Oatbhans Chapel (p. U) onlil the period of 

7. Chapel of St. Steplttn. Stone sarcophagus of Arehbiihop Giro 
(d. 976], with a mosaic of the 10th cent., arolicotthe old eathedral. 
Moral tomb of Archiishop Adolf von Behauenimg (d. 1&56). 

8. Chapel of the Virgin or Small Choir of Oar Lady (properly 
speaking the last bay of the onter 8. aisle). The altar, which was 
detlgned by Zwimer in 1856, is adorned with Overbeel^i Aiiump- 
tlon, parchsseii in 1855 for 900i. On the neit pilaster Is the so- 

dH Route 3. COLOGNE. a. CalUdTil. 

called Afcuionna of Milan, a Oeimui work of the 14tli eeulury. — 
Near the »lt«i U the monnment at ArclibWiop Fredrick of Saaraerden 
(d, 1414}, ODDBlBting of a flgnre of the aichbishop in bronze on a 
eiTcopbiigiii idmirahly deeonted with flgurea of saints, the whole 
leatoied In 1847. — Tombstone of Arehbithop Etiaald con Daiitl 
(d. 1167; see p. ST), upon irhicb the marble statue of Arcl^ithop 
WUhcim von Otnntp (i. 1362) waa placed in 1842. Opposite is the 
aaicophagna of Count Gottfried von Amtberg (d. 13^). — Tha 
StaiTied Glait of this chapel, eiecatad at Cologne in 1857, leptesenta 
scenes from the life of the Yiigin, copied from the ancient maisl 
printings In the choir (p. 36). 

The BaTUIS. •nlsred from the N. »iDbu!»tnry, contiinl a flnt ciborium 
and anclant stained glis: from old chnrclieB of Colngne. 

Tba Traunrjr (adjoinie tbe ueriity Da Ibe IsHi adin., aee p. 81l 
cDntalu the goIdOB 'RMriart of <*» "iw', a costlj spMimen of Komsn- 
Bsque wotkmanslilp in the rnrm of a bvllica, Drobably eieent^d In the 
yean 1180-1200. It wu aarionslj Injured in ITM, when tarried nw.r 
for eoneealmenl from Ihe French, and waa unsiilfullj restored in 1807. 
The lUvet ShriiH of SI. SitgMirl, In the slyle of the Eenalaisnoe, deles 
from 1B33. — On the end-wall, to the left, ire several ecclesiasticil banoera 
(banner of the UaRi, lB9r> and tbe 30'called war-bwner of Byssnj. an 
embroidery ascribed tn the lOlh cent. ; the Adoration of tbe MatI, a broua 

uitia Hfitb ce 
1 in Frankfoi 
, and ITth cen 

orate allir-crcas llT'h cent.); and 
Tea admirablr-caryed ivory Ubieti 
■Mea from the Paaalon; reliqoary nl 
e Keniissance stTle, deooraird wilh 

, -onstranceofthehthcent., 19"/.lba. 

piecious stones I mitres. — The desk-caae cod- 
■.s and USS.. incldding a MS. of th; Gospels 
I h'eTlary (laih eent-). 
M the ri^t of the sacristy, contains a valnablB 

The visitor should not omit to walk ronnd the •Imtr aalHiy of llie 
Oair and those ooi^ii ExUrioT of tl>i Choir, or to ascend the Csniral or ona 
ol the IT. rnnrtfafceot from the ontside, on the E. side of tbe S. transept; 
cards of admission 1 JT; on Sun. open from 9 or 10 to 3 only), as abetter 
Idea may thos be formed of the erandenr of the structure. The eitemal 

Rhine, "nd'be 8e»en'Mls. in'lhe"di8Unc'e.' = P "" '" "* ' 

In tbe garden on the terrace behind tbe choir are soma archlteolaral 
fraementl, discarded In tbe process of restoration, which will serve to 
oonvoT some Idea of the colossal proportions of (he edlBce. 

To the N. of the cathedral is the Baivpt-Bahaluif (PI. F, 4), or 
main raitway-etatton, built by G. Ftentzen in 1689-94 and con- 
aisting of an iron parilion, 276 yds. long. 100 yds. wide, and 80 ft. 
liigb, with a elock-towet 132 ft. in height. — To the 8. of the cath- 
edral ia thef£Kldui>onw(p.26). TbBficiniflnuinncAenfounlaJn, 
by E. and H. Kenatd (1900), in tlie adjoining attest known as Am 
Hof, Illustrates a local fairy tale, well veisifled by Kopiseh. 

a. Mustam. COLOGNE. 3. Eoutt. 39 

The Aiehiapiiwpftl Mmevin [Fl. E, 4; idm., see p. 29), ep- 
oppoiite Ch« 9, gate of the oathednl, la established in a ehapel, 
fotmeils' hetonglDg to the Ateblepiseopil Palace and re-eceot«d in 
1665. it eontalnB a collection of ecdeBiaatical and othei objects of 
medtniil art, aculptares, MSS., and paintlngB, otirbtoh the most 
valuable Is the 'Vligln with the violet, belonging to the Priesta' 
Seminary, probably by Sttphan Lockner (p. 37). On the flrat floor 
Is an exhibition of charoh vestments. 

From the Dom-Klosler, the space in ^nt of the W, facade 
of tbe citbedtal, we cross the Wallrafs-Platz to the S.W., and 
reach the — 

•Wtdlnf-Bleluirti Miuewn (PI. E, 4), bnilt In the English 
Gothic style by FtUm in 1855-61 , and adorned with stataes of 
eminent natives of Golagne by Blaier, I^ha, Mohr, and Wtrrei. 
The central building faces the N., while at the back are two winga, 
Inclndjng the handsome Ute-Oothie cloiateis of the Ohutch of the 
Mlnoiitea [p. iT). In the garden in front of the museum is the E. 
side- portal of the Pfaffmthor (p. 45), and near it are bronte atatues 
(by W. Albermann; 1900) of Herr fficAarti (d. 1861), a wealthy 
merehaDt who provided the funds for the museum-bullding, and 
Canon F. WallTaf(i. 1823), who bequeathed his collection of art 
to the town. — Adm,, see p. 29. Quide to the Roman Antiqnities 
(1902), 20 pf. ; to the paintings (1902), 60 pf. — Director, Prof. 
K. Aldenhoven. 

Omuul Floor and Claiaten; Colltclim tf AnUquiUei. Fri>m tbgantriDCe- 
ball, iDwhlcb, on the right and left of Ihs ilaircue, are marble busts nf 
Wallraf and BlctiBrli, tiy BUUtr, we ducand to tbe — 

LowKB CLoiiTKae. The H, (ftonl) winf cgstatoa Bomin antiquities 
diacovered ai Cologne (Igt-llli cent. A.D,). In Ibe central uses irn tybiecta 
found in closed gravts; tetween Ibese, a buill-np tomb from Ihe street 

clDdlng Ibe 'Hosaic of ilie Baitg', sbowlng bnsl-portraits of seven Greek 
ph1|[iio[ifaeT> and poets (wiih the nimes Diogenes, Socrates, Aristntle, 
CbUoK. Plato, Cleobntoi, and Sopbodes), Dlond near St. Cecilia In (BU 
(probably of tbe 4lh cent.; sDnia of Ibe cnbes are of ilsss). — In the W. 
winE (on tbe riebt) are Koman loinbitonea, Incladine several wltb re- 
presentations oflhe raneral tkast (Noa. 8S, 31, 3B, IDS), and Uie relief of 
a horseman (No. 96). - The E, fnd 8. wings are occupied by ftagBienls 
of buildings and scnlptorea from nieditevil and Benaissaoce chnrcbea and 
other boildlngs In Coloeoe, now pulled down. ^ We return to the entrance- 
hall and enter tbe — 

nrrii Gloibtibb. ~ ~ ~ 

maak of Iteduu, foon 

ri»er-god| bnila; S. SneM.'AncUscB, and AacMtiiJ, a group in limes 
bead at Athena Parlhenos, after Phidias. — E. Wirv. Roman fiol 

anlicmities^ stones with Boman and early-Christian inscriplloas. Sculpt 
IB. Head of Venus ; !3. Henna of Baccbue 1 3T. Female head (so-called Ni 
— 8. Wtug. Dutch and otber psiutlnes bequealhcd by Puebs, Ihe sen 
rteiDp"rari)y eiliibiled here) : TIT. Jt. e« Vria. 712. J. von Batiitel 1 

40 Boule „ . COLOGNE. a. MuKum. 

inferior; 61i. Eiia, SliU-life (165?); STl. C^-cl Ball, Genn-taot (Ifttfl); 
Il2ett. D. roUari lilt ymmttr (I), TempUtion of St. ADttiony ; 711. S. ran 
Bn;«(fci(J, Tavern tr & river. Hera also are wster-colouH, ele. — W. Wlof. 

ures In woofl sod stone: Urge c»rved-o»k 
-Aiiir (c. loajj, wiin scsnea iroio the P»gslon C'chool ot Caleir, p. 681; 
Virgin and Child, Preacb work or IBUS; martlle egures from tlie oil bifh- 
alliroftbeckUiedraKlSOO); painted tngeli of the Cologne school (ca. ISWj, 
singls flgnrea from altara of the ^enldh tad Antv^erp schoola. — Belween 
Brlil^ellerip. 16). ""^ °"' °°''" ° ' """' ° "^ ^ erroom a 

To ths Tlglit on the gnmndlloor arc fits ronmi irilh plaster-caila ; 
to the left are a room eontalniDg ths model of the monnmenl of Frederick 
William III. (p. 16) and another containing old mural paintinss (alorr of the 
UndnLifnt Bon), from the Gluch Bouse in Ihe BocH-atrasBe. 

Ths Etaiioiis ia adorned with ■Fubcois by Stt^li (tSEOei), illngtra- 
tive of the hialory of art and eiviliaallon at Cologne. The Menei begin 

at. Helena iritli her attendant*, la the comer adininine Charlemogne ars 
the most famona archblahapl of Cologne: St. Uildehold (p. SO) with ths 
plan of the old cathedral, St, Bruno (d. 969) with tlis church of St. PanUleon, 
Beribert (d. 1031) with the eburcb of the Apostleji, and Anno (d. 1076) 
with the church of Bl. Geieon. Neit Ic tbeie it the Frankisb qaees 
PlectradU (8lh cent.) wtlh the plan of St. Uaria im Capitol. Below, In 
ths adjoiniDg tcenes, la the legend of Colagne: St. Hateinua, ths firat 
bishop, baptliing conrerti In the Ebine, St. Gereonwitb hia companloaa, 
SI. Crania and her rlrgln followera, and St. Hermann Joaeph In St. Maria 
im Capitol. — Oppoaite, on the waD to the right, la — 3. Tin iftdiatval 
Ftrioi: in the centre Albertua Magnns, the learned Iheoloaian of Cologns, 
with hii puplli, including Thomaa Aqninaa and Duna Bcotus, To the 
right ofAlJiertm la Conrad of HochBtaden (p. 81); farther on are painter* 
of Cologne; then the two burgomaatera welcoming a vosel of tbe HanaeaUe 

the arrival of tbe relics of Ihe Hagl, etc. — On tbe eeotral wall, to tbs lefl 
of Ibe door: 3. HitaUiana and Vodin PtriBd: to the left, Rabeni receiving 
tbe order for tbe altar-piece of Sb Peter'a church (p. 48); Winckelmasn 
atudylue the Laocooo; Id the centre ths brothers Boisseriie (p. 11) and 
Frledrlcb von Schlegel ; 10 Ihe right, Wallraf and Blcharti, the founders of 
tbe musenm. Below, tbe Carnival of Cologne. — To the right of tbe door : 

P'rederick William IV. , Ibe arcbitcci Zvrlmer, and the arcbbltbop Jo- 
hannes TOD Qeiisel, — Above the cenlrul entrance-door, in the upper part 
of tbe staircase, are the armorial hearlngi of Cologne, with Hareiltut, 
the hero of Cologne (p. 14), and Agrlpplna, theEoman empress (p. 30).— 
From tbe blgbest landing we enter tbe rooms of the — 

Upper FlBsr, containing tbe 'iVehin Oallirf, Its moat important aeclion 
from a technical point of view la thai conUiuing tbe works of the Biaii 
COLOOMa Sohool; but gome eieellent Dutch worki of the ITlb csal.. Iwo 
important canvases biSnbens, and Ihe large Murillu acquired In 1898 wUl 
interest even Ihe nn profess ional visitor. Tbe works of Ibe Italian schools 
and Ibe modern palntlnES are of leas imporUnce. 

Prom tbe STAinoaea (1) we eater the rooms to tbe right, coBlaJnlng 
the earlier p^ntints, and traverse Ibcm to tbe other end. 

RooH II. Early Cologne School (c. ISM-IUO). To the right: 17flttHHf<l 
IfalUri, 1, Triplycb, Crueifliloo (about 130)), 3, 3. S8. John and F»l 
(aboDt IBeO), 1, 6. AnouDciatlon and Presentation in the Temple (about 
13T0). - ttmur WiVulm (about 1S3[», 8. Croclfliloni 9. Eight lalnts; IS. 
THplych, the Virgin with a bean-blossnm in her band and Ihe Infant 

Cbrisl on her right um; no Ihe left Bt. CiitbHlnc, on tbe right St. BuliirB. 
96, SJ. Hatlir of l/u Bmall Pautcn, AnnunclUlon (u. 1100); Uiliur aupimn 
Lticlmir (d. 1450), "U. Mikd<.i]ii> In an arboiu ol rDsei,6G. BS.Muk,Bmrbarn, 
KOd Lnke, Bd. bS. Ambrueius, Ceclilti, i^Dd Augogilne, fiS. Lul Jademenl. 
9ljl. Wtilpnalian UatUi- (about U'M], CruclBiiuD, witb numnous Bgures, 

BouM m. Cologne Masters (M. 116O-I510). On ihe entranM-w»ll and 
glde-xslla, Uantr of tin lAJi oj M^ry lu. lUo-SO) lo called from > Kriea 

,), •lal. Urocitiiion, wilt Ihfl Virgin, 8l. John, »n 
mmrj ju^iiucu, >^, Sftdonns Uld St. Sernard, 187. Ths BsilOur, 131 S-. 
fgidJiu, 13^, 1*0. AnunnciiUon, -111. Ueeeent from ihe Crois, dated 1480 
(the KIOEB, SS. Andrew ud Tliomu, arc acboul-piecte). FsTtlier on (10 
Ihe right &nd left), UatUT of thi OloHfiialiaa cf kary, Hi. Olorlfleatlon 

o( tlie Virgin, a crowded piclure, 12H. St. Anna with the Madon " 

--'— '-— if Cologne ftiim ih- ■—>.-—■ ■!>'> " ■-- '- 

Colugne from the 1 

Lyrersberg Pajsion, a icrjei of pictures on o gold ^roand (aboot IMUi 
formerlT belonging 10 Ihe l.Tvershe« tamiij'). — UmUr of Bl. Sairia 
(CB. lfiOU( comp. p. Id). 18H. Adoration of the Magi, 188. La^t Judgment; 
•169, JCotfar of tht Holr Siailup, The Kindred o( the Madonna, on the 
wlngt SB. Kochm and MicMlui [rightj and SO. OuduU and EUaabeth (letli 
after lfi.41). Farther on, on Ibe left side-woll and IDe eill-wsll: Uatler 
of On AUta- 0/ ,31. eanficlomae (ca. laOUl, °181, 'Altar of St. Thomaa', a 
irlptych: in the centre Chriat appearing to the doubling Thomaa; in- 

Afrai IBS. Virgin and Childi £S5. Altar of the Holy" Cross, a triptych, tn 

CeciUa, AleilDB, and Agnea. 

BuoH IV. Ciiiogne and Early KetherlaDdish Schoola (ca iSlMiO). 365. 
n Iht eider. Portrait; °1(2. Mailv ef llu Dialh o/ Maiy, 
atriplycb, with eainU and donori on the win- "■■ = -' 
_ . i. Remains of the mural peloiings from Ihe I 
s (ISIo). — SuoH VI. (jslraigbt onj coniaine K. 

works. — Booh VII. Upper German school (i6Ui cent.]: iH. (AT. I7nw<- 
•Mild, SI. Anthony; 38fi. A. Z»W(;J, tifiir and dinmmer (belonging tu 
the -iob- painting, mentioned on p. aiS) — We return lo E. V, and thence 
enter (to Ihe rigut) — 

fiODii VIll. Italian Bohoola. Un the entrance-wall are paintings of 
the euly-Slenese school : MH. SiH di Biai, bi'i. B JfeiHardi, lUdonna and 
aaiati. — Upposlie! 636. Style ot Boccaccio Boccacciao, Portrait; •6B2. *V(m- 
ectcg Frmcm, Madonna, KS. Raphael, Madonna of Lorelto, a cop; of a 
vanished original of the loaEter-i Soman period. — B3i. Sa>. dtl homba. 
Holy Family {original in Naples); 6 .2. Tintorttla, Porlrail ; Bi3. Parii Bovimt, 
Bithshebs; (k7B. MaUia PnU, Judith. — AKo: fili. Ciaadi Zorram, Land- 
sup* with Cupid and Psyche (damaged), 'bn. MuriOs, Pardon ot St. Francis 
of AisU; the Bavionr and Ihe Virgin appear lo the saint In the cbapel of 

prayer has been beard (palmed after 1S70 (or the Capuchins 0( Seville). - 

Booh X. Flemlih School (16-lTth cant.], etc. To the right, 680. 
a. tm EtntlitrU, Adoration of the Shepherds; 6lT. Corn, d* Km, Family 
porlralli. — 816. Bnydtri, SUII-lifet -UDB. Rabmi, St. Francli ot Aislii 
r«ealThig the ttlgmaui (iialnted ca. 1617 for the bigh-allar of tbe old 
CapnchiD church at Cologne); 1132. B. Rycbuel, Cobbler. — "iOi. AhAms, 
Juno and Argus, originally in the l-alaiao Diirazao at Qenoa (1611); «13, 
633. A. onn Dyct, Portraits of Jabach (p. 18), school- piece* ; no number, 
D. Taiiri the yixuvir. TemplsUon of St. Anthony. — Jtrdamt, 6U. Pro- 
metheoi, 61^, 613, Portrailii 6uG. Jbibmi, Holy Family (probably by 
papiU ; ea, 1038) ; &iJ. A. van Bfci (here ascribed lo Kutou), Four negroen' 
hudi (original in Brussels). — To Ihe right is - 

Schools (16-17ih cent.). To ibe right, 641. Bmf- 

- - icnc; 686, Jf. J. vaa Mtermll, Portrait (1633); -673. 

Oo^m, Laodseapei Jac, arrrUii Ovgp, 683. Cbildren iriih a sheep, 

Otrila Oan; Camp-scene ; 68S, U. J. oun MurmtU, 
• " Laodsa— '-- ——----- -'■- " 

683. Pertrmit (1613). — TU. Jan Slit%, Captiue of Suotoii; 731. PUUr 
Vttelil, Old woman; ■BiT. A. tan Btt*rm,'Bitxtlni: 619. IViwv, Partnll I 
BV. J. Mn dtr Metrfl], Datab wbuf i 6&3. Kafi da Cintlfepi, Olver-piece. — 
670. 0. iiu d« gictltoulO), Eithgr ud.Hiinu; SH, AM. Corn. Janmnt, 

TlEhtofB.XI,oppoiitstiiB8talrc»e): ' 
u Crown Prince (1S31) ; 83S, W. CampI 
tcoopi (.rter tliB bsttls ofBedsD, with 

(1873) i BS6. LiJibtd, Bill 
the right: -Oa?. H". 
DtfNgger, ^yroleie girl (ISia). 

right: BW. E, SUneTuUr, Sinking of 'L« VeDgeur'. a French nun-of-wai 
(IMS). TM. K. Bva,, PareDti of the painter (ISSe); 768. Fr. OeirHdl, 
Piitrons of ail (cartoon deal°iied by Comeliua) ; 715. JoH. Supelii;/ (d. 1710), 
Portnit of himielfl!) i no numhor, A. Orajrd. 1818), Portrsit. — Eoo* XV. 

I. A. Acimbac'i, Departure of » steamer : 'SflB. G. Sldiltr 
T9)i e96. B. VaiUbr. Funeral-fcMt; 861. ffmle, CUm 
naitBrr-ciiarl in winter; 777. BoHmom., Oe£»ln(8icil..): Wf 
I. Ed. midiiraitdi.TH. Usiiag, Landscupea; 789, Ed, 

Roos XVll. 9T3. F. Pradilia. Spaniah echoUri 9eb. W. Firli, 'Forgive 
us our treapaaaea'i 935, 931. /. Spirl, Ludaeapu (Qgurta br W. LtiK); 
833. W. LiiSl, Portrait of Palleibere; S30. O. BcMaMr, Dntch coul; MS. 
J. IFtngltio, On the lear; 876. L. St'oui, The emiity d'eb; 665. Trogon, 
lindecapei "SSI. W. lUbl, Father of the painler; 910. Jfimtauv, 
h ero ; StiG. LciOaci, Lea Xlll. 

Adjoining tho 8. lido of the MuBBum is the Chnroh of the 
KinoritH (PI. E, 4), an early-Gothic bQllding of siinplo but hand- 
somfl propoTttoDi, probably commenced In 1220, bat not completed 
till forty years later, and restored in 1860, The large window above 
the pDTlal in the principal fai;ade and the elegant spire (of laat 
century), reetoced in the style of the original, ue epedilly »trik- 
ing. The fine Baeristy has a roand pillar In the centre. The chnrch 
contains the fmodom) tombstone of the celebrated theological dia- 
patant Dun* Scotui (d. 1309), in the ambulatory at the back of the 
high-altar, with the Inscription : Scotia me genalt, Anglia me mt- 
ctpit, QaiUa mt docuit, Colonia mt tenet. 

Between the Cathedral and the Museam, at the small Wallrafs- 
Plati(p. 391, begins the narrow HoHBaTBiasB, or Hooh-Stbassb (PI. E, 
D, 4), the busiest street in Cologne , which with lt« prolongations 
(Marzellen-Str. and Eigelstein to the M., Hochpforte and Severln-Str. 
to the 8.) intersects the whole city from 14. to 8. To the right, near 
the centre of the street , Is the Ki>niffin-Atigu>ta-Halle , ot Pottage 
{eitS, p. 27), an arcade with shops. Farther on, t<i the left, in the 
Augustlner'Platz, is a bronze 51alu« of Bitmardc, by F, Schaper 

111 the Waidmarkt (PI. 0, D, 4), at the end of the Hoohpforte, 

b. Old To KJi. COLOGNE. 3. BovU. 43 

Is the Hermann Jaieph Fountain, by W. Albermsnii (1894). — 
Close by Ib the old church of — 

St. Georga, cDaaecisted In ;I067, originall; a plain Romanesqnc 
colnmnai batilici, with t crypt of tbe aame cbsiacter (now leatored). 
The porch daMa bom 1596. 

At the end of the Se>erj n-Struse (tramway No. 6, p. 28~). to the 
left, is 8t. BsToin (PI. B, i\ which ttandi upon the aite ot a 
Chriitian chorch bailt is early u the 4tb centnry. and hs» been 
often dettroyed. The present chnrch was onaeerated in 1337 and 
was thotouKhly realoied In 1880. The effective qaadianguUr towei 
wa« erected in 1993-1411 ; the nave vai fnmlahed with new vault- 
ing in 1479 ; tbe baptismal chapel, adorned with atalned glass, 
datea from 1505. 

The lusnphiEOB of SI. Severin witb b roor-ihapad lid. the gicellenl 
■DOantinEi of a door of the tSth centnry. * copper-rllt nading-deik In 
Ihe iKta of nn •■gl«. ud tb« Onlhic clioli^atalli will repay liiapectl"ii. 
The JfoKJT e/ a. Strtrin (f. 41) (akca lU appcUaUon fmm Iwo eafly-Cologne 

For the Sevettni-Thor fliil the Ring-Strasie, see p. 63. 

h. Tbe Old Town to the E. of the Hoeh-StTM«e. 

Between the Boeh-Strasae and the Khine are sltnated several 
important buildings, not far from each other. Another relic of the 
Roman fortiflcationi ia also preaerved here In the shape of the 
Somergang, a anbterranean passage conatructed of maaslve blocks 
of tufa (adm., aee p. 39). It ia reached by a winding staircase in 
tbe restaurant 'Im BBmer' (Unter Goldachmled 18 ; PI. E, 4), The 
passage is abont 7 ft. high and A It, wide and has been eiplored for 
120 yda. Ry tbe entrance are a few Roman remains. 

A iiome Statue of Field Marihal Moltke, byScbaper, was erected 
In 1681 in tbe I.aurenz-Ptatz (PI. E. 4). a little to tbe S. — The 
ForlaUgsase leads immediately to the left to the Batbhana-Platz. 

The *KKthhani (PI. E, 4, 51 atuida on tbe substracttons of a 
Roman stronghold (probably the Pnetorlum), of the arches of which 
some remains are still vialble in the cellar. Tbe oldest part of the 
present bnildlng (14th cent.") is the central portion (with the Hanaa- 
Saal), looking towards the Rathhaus-Platz. In 1569-71 an elegant 
'Portico in the Renaissance style was built in front of this, hom 
the plans of WUhelm Vemldeel, bearing long Latin inscriptions and 
rellefi allading to the tradition of Bnrgomaater Oryn's Sght with 
th« lion (see p. 44]. Tbe hajidsome , flve-storled Toaer was built 
in 1407-14, from Ihe proceeds of the fines imposed upon noble 
families In 1396. Most of the statuettes wlt}i which it was adorned 
have been replaced by modem aubatitntes. — The E. portions 
of the structure, facing the Allenmarkt, were ereoted in 1549-50 ; 
the tafade, richly ornamented witli reliefs and statues, was altered 
In 1691, but restored by Raschdorft in tbe original style in 1870, — 
Admission, see p. 29. 

6. Old ToiMiVEJ: 

jd to Afe*pfi ubhnrt. 

jAa- JoDg, 8 yds, wide, 33 ft. 

.. „_ .a i9th Nos,, 1387. The S. »»ll ii anIlrelT 

occupied by Dine licb caDOpiea^ vitb l^rgfl Heuhb vif^aranaly executed in 

(he ureat, CiuaT; JonhuiL, D&tJiJ, Jndu UikccabieaB ^ Ch&rlemAgne , Kinf 
Artbur, OodfrBT dsBoulllon)i above Ibeis, but ainiller, CbsTJesIV., who 
fartlBed the town and preseoted it w!tb the privlleeu of & market, u tHa 
ngares OD the right aod left indicate. Id (he windows are tbs annoriil 
hearing! of the different imperial (unillo of aermui;, on the long wall 
thoie of foriT-Hra patrician families of Cologne, on (be ceiling tboaa of 

) ii the 'Mutcim-Baal- (iliell- 
I in 1761. The ropeilry, with 

belDDg the stucco ceiling, OToamented with medalllDns of the emperoTB, 
and the door of the coiDmiltee-raom, trans f erred hither from theArienal. 
— The part ot the building between the Raua-Baal and the BaUu-Sul hu 
been adorned with modem eaived panelling and mnral paintlaet in the 
Qolhic njit. 

In the RatbrauS'Platk, to tlie left, is the Ute-Gothie Chapel of 
the Rstbhaus,' which formerly contained the Domblld [p. B7], and 
was consecTBteil In 1426, The spire la of gnoefui pioportionB; the 
Bsciisty dates from 1474. To the right Is an edifice known aa the 
Spaniih Building, erected in 1611-17 after Flemish modeU, and 
restored in 1886. 

On the right side of the Martin-Str. , a little to the S. of the Ritb- 
haus, is the *0&iiBiiiolL (PI. E, 4), with its pinnacles and tartet«, 
built in lUl-52 at « coat of 80,000 floriiiB, to serve as a <Herr«n 
Tanzhaus' and banquet-salooD on occasions when the Town Council 
deilted to entertain distinguished guests with a magnificence worthy 
of the city. Bestdee the 'Gurzenlch' property the Council purchased 
several other pieces of ground to form a site for this imposing build- 
lug. The architect wae Johann von Biirm. The first grand festlTHl 
was held here in i47& in honour of Emperor Frederick III. Other 
festivals took place in 1477, 1486, 1&05, and 1521. In the 17tb 
and 18th centuries the large saloon fell Into decay, and wai need as 
a magazine till 1357, when, after undergoing a thoioagli renovation 
at the hands of Jul. KaschdorS, it was restoied to its original uses. 
This is the finest of the ancient seoular edifices of Cologne. 

Above the E. gateways are statues of Agr^pa and Mmiliiu the 
ri>ander and the defender of Colognein the Koman period, executed by Kobr, 
painted by Kleinerla in the ancieni etyle, and erected is IBiJS in place at 
■he old ones, which had betome injured by eipoiure to the weather. 

Interler (adm., see p. 29). On the gronndflaor is the fflnnBr nagaiine, 

are worthy of inspectioB 

Bnl snoted, 
Plciei of the 
>r th« town, 

who vinited Cologne in 1333). - Concerts md bail, see p. 28. ' 

TheMartiD-Slr. ends at tbe LickhofiP]. D, 4), beside the obureh of 
SL Hari& im C*p<tol. ImmDTed in the K. aide of the Plitz is the main 
atehway of the Pfa/fintliCT {Porta Faphia ; PI. Pf.), bionght to light 
In 1893 appaaite tbe W. end of the cathedral. It bears the inscription 
C. C. A. A. (i.e. Coloiiia Claudia AngoataAgrip pine nsig], below which 
the name of Gallienus appears ae that of the bnilder (25S-368). 

The church of *8t. Maria imCspitol(Zintjtfar/eninlocal8peecb-, 
PI,D,4J, coneecratedin 1049 by Pope Lao IX., a cruciform edifice 

In the Romanesque style, conetiucted on anjimposing and aomewhat 
peonliai plan. Tbe choir *Dd transept teimlnale in aemiciicular 

46 Route 3. COLOGNE. ' b. OldTmrnfR): 

apgea with an toibuUtoiy round e&cb, tad Impstt to the E, end ot 
tha building the tceroil shape, of vhich this is the earliest ei^ample 
at Cologne, The vaulting of the aisles dates tiom the 11th cent., 
the upper poition of the ehott bom the 12th, aud the lemalnlog 
vattlting probably frum the 13th century. The church ones its Dame 
to the ancient tradition that this site ^as once occnpied by the 
Boman Capitol, which was succeeded by the palaee of the Frankish 
kings. The original edi&oe was erected at least as early aa tiOti and 
is said to have been built by Plectrudla, wife of Pepin of Hdristal 
and Btep-moiher of Charles Mariel. 

The ebatch, wUcii bu other enlruieet in tbe Karien-Plali and In the 
CuinD-^lr. [Ho. et, is not open fur iutpeutiun until ii shiii. Beit light 

some tombs EoDoa be LoDKin)( to thuRomuiui^De period. The rieblj Aculptared 
waa brought from Hallnu (Uan. - A '' 

uieb-altjr vai dMlgsed by fiimueio. — The ua) 

cont^u Bne stained glau. In the Archive Eh 
gnlar chapels, -' -'- -"--•---■-— -- 
•iholr. It cDuiaini me lomo oi > 
the Cwloo-Btrasse, are i|uile built ip. 

We quit the Lichhof by the Gothic Dreikimii/en^ThiiTchm on the 
S. side. In thii diiection of the Rhine, Kheingaase No. ti, is the 
Tsmplart' Lodge (^PL D, u), a handsome Romanesque edifice, with 
round-aiched nlndows, niches, aud coibie-stepped gables, dating 
from the 12th or the beginning of the 13th century. It wai the 
family residence of the 'Overitolzen', a powerful family of mediteval 
Cologne, and was bonghtby the town in 1H36 and Judiciously restored. 
It )b now used by the Chamber of Commerce. — A little to tbe S., 
iu the Filzengasse, is the Protestant ^IViniltf Church (Tl. 1>, 4, 5), 
in tbe eariy-Uhristian basilica style, designed by Stiller (1»60]. — 
For the church of>SI. Uaria in LyikiTehen aud the Harbour, see p. 47. 

Tbe short street knownas'AmMalibdchel'leadi) to the N.E. from 
tho upper end of the Kheingaase to the Hbithabkt (PI. D, £, 5), 
one of the largest squares In tbe town. Here rises the Hannment 
of Frederiek Willlun UI., erected in 1878 b} tbe inhabitants of 
the Rhenish proilncea. 

Thecoloseal equestrian statue of the king on a lofty pedeilalls aurrounded 
hy Btitues o! the principal slaietmen and warriors who cooperated wilb 
him in railing Prussia to tho rank of a BrBt-class power and in freeing the 
Rlieniih provinces from Frenea domination (Blu^r, Stein, Amdt, Unm- 
buidt, elt.j. The reliefs on the sides Indicate the progreae of the BhenUli 

and the Btatuea on one aide are by Hl/Uir of Cologne '(1813.71) ihoi- ' 


Grow St. Martin COLOGNE. 3. Routt. 47 

Iiithe»dj»centAi.TBNHAttKT(PI. E, b}iAt monu mental Fountain, 
in the QenuanRen&iaBuice style, ortei a design bj Albermann[iS^). 
The chief tlgnre ii a stitne of Johann von WeTth(d. 1651; p. IJJ, 
a ramonl cavalry genenl in the Thirty Yeaie' War; the figoces of 
a peasant and maiden at the ildee Tefer to the tradition that he 
became a nldieT on account of a loTe-diaappointment. 

The Zoll-atTMie leada from the Alteomaikt to the Bhfne. In 
this street ia the Old Iriah Ghuich ['Schotten-Kiiehe') of 'Sioii 
at. lUrtis (PI. E, 5], formerly on an Island in the Bhine, dating 
originally from the MeroTingian period. The exleting charch, built 
hy Abbot Adelhud, after the repeated deatruction of previona 
edlflcea, vaa consecrated by Abp. Philip in 1172. The maislTe E. 
portion, with iti impoaing tower (270 ft. high) BviXTounded by four 
comer'turreta, seema to bave been conatruoted in the 13th oenl., 
and naa reatored in U37 and 1454-99. (The S.W. coraer-tnrrot fell 
Id 1526, and was not reitoied till 1870.) Before the painted W. 
portal is a porch covered with groined vaulting, probably dating 
from the 14th century. The whole building has been restored hy 

Ibe IvnaioK (vlilton ring at the sstecnt '«< AOpf. uch{ Bacrlatau, 
Zo11-StT, 7s) hai been decoraled from Ilia deilens of EuHueelm. In Ihe 
cDTiicr u> the 1«rt nf tbn niitriLiice i« a marble font, adoiaed wilb lions' 
ait been pieiented by Pope Lao UI. In BOS. On 
sli modern <Ulue< or Saints, by Eofflaam of 
luimc, ine n. Hsie conuuns a floe Delcent from Ibe Crosa, by On Suit, 
and Chriat before Annas, by SonOBrit. Fine madern tllBd paTSment, made 
at KetUaoli. 

The Zotl-Slruse ends at the Staptlhaui (PI. E, 6), bnllt in 
1558-69 and restored in the otlglnat style in 1900-1. Besides a 
leBtanrant (p. 27J this edifice aocommodates the municipal Mnianm 
«tNattizalEUtor7[adm., see p. 29), the entranoe to which is is 
the MaQthgaaae. 

On the firti Flarr are the Vertebrala, including a large collectlOD nt 
Ballre blrdi. There it alio s Isctare-roum (adm. free). — On the Siimri 
fhmr are the leu deTClaped anlniala and tbe m neralg aod fDiiUi. 

A large new Central Market (F1. D, 5] was begun in 1902 amid 
the quaint old lanes between the Heumarkt and the Bhlne. — 
Farther op the riiar. Id the street 'An Lyskirchen', is the ancient 
charch of 51. Maria in I^ffcircAm (Fl. D, 6) , rebuilt in the transi- 
tion style at the beginning of the 13th cent, and embellished with 
iielling-palutiQgs and recently restored throughout (sacristan, An 
Lyskirchen 10). Here begin the new Harbnur Worlu mentioned 
at p. 30. 

Near this point are the only two bridges across the Rhine at 
Cologne, oil. the older BHdgt-of-BoaU (Pt. D, E, 6) and, near the 
new gardens on the Frankenwerft, the iron Bridge (PI. E, F, 5). 
The Utter (completed in 1859} is broad enough for » double line 
of rails and a separate roadway for ordinary traffic (toll 3 pt). It 
Is 453 yds. long, and 47 ft. above thn average level of the water. 

4S Roalc 3. COLOGNE. e. Old ToMm ( W.): 

Over the entTtnee on the left (Cologne) bank 1b an Equetlrian Statut 
of Fredtrick William JV.. in bronze, by Bliaer, on the right bank 
an Eque$tTian Statue of William I. by Drske, both erected in 1867. 
The sppioach to the bridge on the left bsnli ifforda a good auiiey 
ot the choir of the uathedial. — Deutt, on the right bank, Bee p. 55. 

e. Tha Old Tawn ta tha Vf. af tha H««h-8tiM«*. 

In the BiGckengasse (on the right) U the Ute-Oolhic church of 
St. Cohimha (PI. E, i), the kernel of vMch iB a Romanesque 
columnBr basilica. The church' treaBiiiy ta rich. — The Syna^gue 
(Pl.E, 4), in theOlookengBBBe, vas bnilt in 1869-61 in the UooiiBh 
style, from designs by Zwirner. Farther to the W., in the aune 
Btleet, Ib the Atte Stadl-Thtaler (Pi. B, 3), by RaschdorfT (1872). 

The Kienigasae and Antonsgisee lead hence to the 8. to the 
conTBiit and church of St. Ceoilift fPl. D, 3, 4), the latter a very 
ancient building, rebuilt as early as 930-41, and again In the 12th 
century, oik nhlch ocoaalon parts of the edifice of the 10th century 
appear to have been retained. It oontains a curlonB crypt, which 
is wrongly described as s Tomuant of the oldeat episcopal chnroh 
built by St, MatemuB. Good relief above the arch of the N. door. 
The Interior has lately been reeCored; the painting of the choir 
dates f^om aboat 1300, hot the plotarea In the apse and nave ate 
modern. — Adjacent Is the church of Bt. Peter (PI. D, 3), begnn 
In 1524 and snccesafully restored In 1890-92. 

The IKTEIIOB baa been redecorated, wilh lbs aid of Ibe old palatini. 
— The choir contBins a late-Giitblc carved allar wfOi good plcturra on Ibe 
vIoES (fee 7G pf.), and beaoOful st-lnad.glaBs ~Wliidowi< of lfi'28 aid 1630 
(BearlTig ot the Cr03~, Cradlliiioii. Descent fivm the Croaa). Id IHe cbapel 
to tbe right o( the choir (but coDcealed by a mediocre Bltar-plece) is the 
•CruclllJiion ot St. Peter, by Ribmt, recovered from Paris in 1814- This 

owing to Its BlartUng ndelily to natare, vraa pulnteA by order of tha 
Jabacb family In 1638-10 in memary ot Berr Eberhard Jabsch, the well- 
known nattoD ol art (d. 1038). II ia shows by the teiton (of Ibe Bome- 
what aiorbltBDt tee of I'/i Jl- Behind tbe altar reposee Jan Bobent 
(d. lEST), tbe father at the painter. 

Opposite Is the Wolkmburg , leBembling the Giiizenlcb, tbe 
meeting -place of the Mdnntt-Qesangvenln (p. 28). 

At the back of the two chnrches last described is situated the 
BpaelouB Hoipital (PI. D, 3), erected In 1846. It may be inspected 
In the afternoon (small fee to the attendant). — To the N.W. are 
the Neamarkt and the Apostlea' Church (p. 49). 

At tbe E. end of the SlemengasBe (Ko. 10. left side), near the Hoch- 
Slraaie, Is a handsome house In wblcb Rvteoi ia erroneontly said to have 
been born. The bonse beare an inscription and a relief above the door 
in memory of the illnsl ■ -- ' - -•- ■- ^ ■- 

ot France, died here In 

The church of St. Pantaloon (PI. 0, 3 ; now a military church, 
•nd also used by the Old Catholics) was constructed on the site of 

AyosUes' Church. COLOGNE. 3. Route. 49 

AD oldei building In 964-80. The matedsle for this purpose ue Mid 
to have been tikeii by Arehbiihop Bruno (d. 965), biother oS Emperoi 
Otho the Gteit. ftoin the rem»ins of Const«ntine'a bridge fp. 30). 
The choir and the vaulting date fromthebeKinnlug of the 13dieent.; 
but the subaciactuTe of the toweis, with its two-storied additioue, 
geeme to belong entliely to the lOA century. The towers were rebuilt 
in 1891. Archbishop Brnno >nd the Empress Theophsno (d. 999) ara 
buried in the chnich. There ate some rem alas of Romanesque maisl 
paintings in the E. tiansept and the eide-chapels. 

The Manritlos-Steinweg (tramway No. 4, p. 28) leads hence to 
the N.W. to the lUauriti-ia-KiTehe (V\. D, 3, 3), built by Vinceni 
State in the Gothic style in 1861-65. 

In the N.W. angle of the Nbumahht (PI. D, E, 3), a square planted 
with trees (military parade at noon) , the largest in the old town , 
rises the -Apoitlei' Church (PI, E, 2, 3), a remarkably handsome 
basilica with aisles and doable transept. Over the E. croseing rises a 
dome flanked with two slender corner-towers, and over the W. crossing 
a square lower. The picturesque choir and the arms ol the E. transept 
end in very spacious rounded apses, adorned with two, series of niches 
and a miniature gallery above them. The oldest parts, inoluding the 
W. tower, date from the tiiet half of the 11th cent ^ at the end of 
the 13th cent, the edifice was vaulted, the pilasters in front of the 
pillars introduced, and the choir enlarged | and the church was 
Anally completed about 1230. In 1895-1901 the choir and transepts 
were adorned with mosaics from designs by Klelneitz and Stummel. 

When the plague ragsrl il Cologog in l^T, Blchmodis von Lyikir- 
ebSD, wife of the knight Mengie tod Aducht, wai attacked by the malady, 
and having fallen lota a deathlike flwoon, was inten-ed in (he Apoettes* 
Church. Being awakened from bar Irance by a thievleh grave.digger in 
his sttempta tu abstract hec ring, she returned to the honee of 
her husband, who, imaginiug he beheld an apparition, declareil be would 

that hie departed spouse sboald retara in propria pertond. Scarcely had 
the words escaped his lips, saya the legend, than horseH' hoofH were heard 
DonntiDg (be stairs, and their heads were speedil; teen louking out of a 
windon in the upper slory of the hoose. 'The lad; recovered, and lived 
for inanT years afterwards- Two horeea" heads, affiled to the upper slory 
of tba bouse with the lower on the N. side of the Neumarkl (So. 10), are 

event, but they more probably formed paH of the armorial bearings of 
Kicasios von Baquenay, who built the house. 

The Richmod-Strasse (tramway No. 3, p. 28) and its continua- 
tions lead hence direct to the church of St. Gereon (p. 50). — 
From the end of the Ricbmod-Str. the busy Bbbitb-Stbasse (PI. E, 
3, 4 ; tramway No. 4) leads to the E. back to the Wallraf-Bicharti 
Museum (p. 39) uid the cathedral. 

a. The R. auarlara of the Old Tewn. 

The Burgmauer, beginniug at the Dom-Kloster (p. 39), and the 
busy KonBDiBN-StBiBBi (PI. F, 4, 3) lead to the W. to the hand- 
some Law CouHi, completed in 1893. 

liaiDina's BhluB. 15lh Edit, 4. 

5U liuaU 3. COLOGNB, d. N. Quarlen: 

In the Zeughaiu-StT,, the cantiDuatloii of the Komadien-Sti., 
ace the Artenal (1601), with the gaard-honse, and the Oovemount 
Building (1830). — Futhei on to the left, at the comet of the 
Apem-Str. (vhich teadf to the Apostlei' Church, p. 49), riaes the 
so-called SdmtHhwm (PI. F, S), oi CtarenthuTm, an sncient ronnd 
toner Inlaid vith atones of diffeAnt coloaia. It formed the N.W. 
angle of the ancient Roman town (comp. p. 30). The upper part, 
with battlements, is modern. — The StelnfeldeTgaase leada hence to 
the aEEEUNBDBinscH (PI. F, 3), which is planted with trees. 

The cbmch of 'St. Qsreoii (Pt. F, 3), dedicated to the 318 
martyrs of the Theban legion, with their captain Qereon, who, ae- 
cocding to the legend, perished here in 286 during the peitecutlon 

of the Christians under Diocletian, is an edlflee of very peculiar 
style (recently thoroughly restored). The long Romanesciue choir ia 
adjoined by a decagonal nave in the Gothic style, with a quadran- 
gular vestibule. The original stracture, circular to form, with ten 
niches resembling those of the Nymphsnm of the 'Minerva Medica' 
at Rome, is said to have been erected by the Empreii HeUna, mother 
of Congtantine the Great. Archbiihop Anno (d. 1075) added the 
choir and the spacious crypt, and Archbiihop Arnold II, built the E, 
apse and the two square towera about 1160, In 1219-27 the round 
part of the chucch, having become dilapidated, was cotiietted into 
the present decagonal nave, 153 ft. in height, 20 yds. in length, 
and lt5 in breadth, covered with groin od vaulting, the eight shorter 
aides retaining the original niches. Other alterations tooli place In 
the 14th and l5lh cent., to which period belongs the vaulting of 
the choir and of the vestibule. The saoritlan, who is generally to 
be found in the ehorch in the morning (visilon knock), lives at 
Geieoiis-KloEter No. 4 (1-2 peis. 1 Jl ; for more, 50 pf. each). 

The Vestudlb contains a few ancUnt tombitoaBS. To tbe right la 
a amall chape! added In 1SB7, with a Pitta by /. iMu. 

■"■-- ■' illy tmbelllshed willi paintinu by CMhli after 

'ia'i dejigni, preaenl 

'blcta TDDi a Eallery borne by ahorl 
tEl of the mactyn, bait bnlU into (he 

walli. Their (kolli in Hrtnged under gilded urabegqiiBe tlongttis lidei 
ot tlia Choir, to wliicti flfteea eteps ucend. Tlie cured clioir-iUlla dsts 

ISth cent., wltti eeenei from the Itor; of Joaeph. The E. cod ot the clinir 
la renched b; aeven steps more, — Tbe BatrUtg, In tba purest Qotbic 
■Ivle, daliug frum 13ie, contiilDlng flue Qotbic stelned glus, ud the octa- 
enul ^opIUMi'v (idJDialci! llie Dive), witb much defaced mural piintings 
of the first hetr uF Ibe IStb cent., ue also wortb; of Dotice. 

The Cbtpt below the choir, wilh iU three aisles borne by aiilaeo 
ealnmu, datiae (vith the eiceptloD of the 12th ceol. E. end) from the 
11th cent., conlaiue an interesting specimen of the art of that period: 
9U. a Moiaic Pavaainl, the sections of which repreaeut scenes from the 

Bieouted by Italiau wuikmen, as ilmiUr seenei are Tery common In 
Italian cbarcbes. The fraEments, which had gol into disorder, wereiuc- 
cesstnlly restored and snpplemenled by the painter A.euarlni in 1889-71. 

idjaeent U tba Otlj/ LOrary (PI. F, 3), with the Archivca, bnilt 
in tha GotUc Btyle in 1894-97 (sdm., eee p. 29). The foimer con- 
tains about 150,000 vols., Incloding & noted collection of edltioiis 
of the 'ImitMion of ChcUt'. 

The ehortest lonte fcom tlie Geieonsdrlesch (tramway No. 2, 
p. 28) to tbe Hanaa-Platz and the Mweum of IndusMtd Art (p. 54) 
ia vU the Klingel-Piitz and the GereonamublengasBe (PI. F, 0, 3). — 
On the left aide of the Oereons-Stiasse, which leads hack to the 
eathedral, la situated the AriAUpticofal Palact fPl. F, 3), whence 
the Hnnnenraoken leads to the UBaui.A-FiATZ (PI. F, G, 4). 

Bt. tTnttlA (PI. G, 4) DccupiBB the site of a chnich of the 4th 
century. In the lltb cent, it existed a« a tlat-rooted basilica with 
galleries, bat in the 13th cent, it leceived a vaulted roof and the 
early-Oothic eholi was added (1287). The S. aiale, of the aamu 
period, waa n-yantted in the loth centaiy. The entite edifice wa9 
nuloied In the original style in 1890-91. 

Tbe church Is closed eicenl during service, which ends aboat 10 
{sacristau, Draulsganen - Str. !). — The N. aisle, Dear the choir, contains 
a monninenl, by Joham Z,nu, erected in 1668 to SI. Urnts, an Engliab 

grlmafe'lo Borne, wu barberonaly murdered at Cologne with her li.DOO 
virgin altendants, Tbe figure is in alabaster, with a dove at the feel. 
Tbe bonea of tSoBO virgin m ■ ■ ' ... 

_... .. X retonche/, on tl . _. . , ._ 

the Apostles, to the left of the R. entrance, are painted on slabs of slate, 
one of them bearing the dale 1224. [Inder the organ, by the pillar to 
itte left, la a lale-Oulhlo relief In stone, representing the Bearing of the 
Cross. Below is tbe aarcophagus of a child belonging 1o tba family of the 
Prankish miOor-domo. The choir waa redecorated bv 3. Osten in 1897. ^ 
The GoiDMK K.B^ea, or treasury (admission 1 Jl), j— •-'---■■- •-- .— 
Romaneaqne XeUfmrv (/d(. Vmla, several othr " 
oerlod. a carved rocli-crystal chessman ot the 

The MarzelleD-StT. leads hence to the cathedral (p. 32), passing 
the JtmUi CAurch(PI. F, 4), or Ciuivh of Ihe AstviiapUon, otteiDslly 
a Oothic church withont transepts, bnt rebailt la 1618-29 in the 
late -Renaissance style peculiar (a this order. The pnlpll and 

the cbnieh. The leeeud Is also illostrated by a series of old p 

52 Route 3. COLOGNK. t. Ring-StTtaie. 

hlgb-4ltaT ue aTatlsden nith decoration; the communjcants' beuch 
is a masterpiece of workmanship in marblu. The belli were east 
with the met*! of cannons taken by Tilly at Magdeburg, and pre- 
sented by him to the church. 

A few paces to the 3.W. Lb the church of Bt. Andreat (Fl. F 4), 
with Romanesque nave of 1220 and a raised Gothic choir of iiii. 
It contains a &De brass-gilt Ute-Oothic Teliqaary (tbe 'Beliqnai)' 
of the Maccabees'], with reliefs, in which the remains of Albenus 
Magnus (d. 1280 ; see p. 40} have lepoaed since 1859. 

To tbe W. of the Jesuits' Church, in the street named 'An den 
Dominikanern', is the imposing Post Office (F1.F,4), completed in 
1893, an early-Gothic building with turrets at the comers. It is 
adorned with namerons etatnes. Inside are busts of Poit-Uaster- 
Oeneral Stephan and Baron von Thorn- und-Taiis, the founder of 
tbe modern postal system (16tb cent.). — Nearly opposite is tbe 
Beiehsbank, or Imperial Bank, an early-Ootbic structure ia red 
sandstone (189T). — On the Rhine(Eaiser-Friedrioh-Ufer; tramway 
No. 1, p. 28), near the N. end of the old town, U the church ol 
St. Ctmlben (PI. G, 5), an eicellent example of the transition style, 
oonsecrated by Archbp. Conrad in 1248 and restored in 1869-71. It 
is a vaulted basilica witb two transepts and three towers. 

Rniuanegqne mural painllD^g (reitored by OUblKli), a pIclDr« of the ichool 
of ililiUr Wanel!,,. and sculplqrei at tbe 14tti and leth ceDluries (relief 
ot the CruclBxiop). At the entrance to tbe cboir Is a &ae cDlnnaal ^roup 
of IHe AnnoBciBUoD (late-Oothlc). The cboir has ana atalBea gUae of the 
l3lh cent., uid le decorated with encaustic mural paintinte b, irxier (I860). 
Fine modern organ. 

s. Ths Sing-Straiia and Uu Kew ttiuvtMa at the Oitj. 

Tn-wsofi (Sos. 6, 3, and 3), wa p. S8. 

The most strikiug feature in the new town is the vrlde and 
handsome "Xing-StrttiM, or series of boulevards Uid out since 1881 , 
3*/j M. long, which completely encircles the old town, and occupies 
the site of the old fortifications, purchassd by the corporation for 
.'J90,000£. Many of the streets ha^e been widened and laid out with 
' flower-beds and treea, fragments of the old city-wall and three of 
tbe medieval gates are still extant, while the modern bulldingB arc 
in msny cases ambitious and striking ediflces. 

Near the Uhier-Ring, the still nnHuiebed S. end of the Ring- 
Sirasse, on the new quay on the Rhine, stands tbe Buyentlrann 
(PI. B, 5], a square pinnacled tower of tbe 13-14th cent., which has 
been restored along with an adjoining piece of the oity-wall, and 
no witemporarily accommodiites Prof.Joesl'i Ethnographical CoUection 
(adm., see p. 59). To the S. ate the Harbour Station and tbe Rimur 
Park (PI. A. 5). — Passing the picturesque BoHmfiMc (PI. B, 5), 
a jiower surrounded by pleasure-grounds, we reach tbe handsome 
BeTSiins-Thor (Fl. A. 4). a relic of the medifeval fortiflcations, — 
Adjacent is the chnrch of SI. Severtn (p, 43). 

«. Ring-Slraisit. COLOGNE. 3. Routt. 53 

From the Gblodwigs-PlitK (PI. A, 4) we follow the CarollngeT' 
Ring to the 'Sanhien-Ring (PI. B, i, 3), both sides of which are oe- 
cnpied by private tUIu. In th mtddl«, to the right, Is the Vlre- 
pfoTte, a njBdl«v«l town-gate, now connected with i MfS-restaorant. 
Farther on, on the oatside of a fragment of the old city-wall still ex- 
tant, 1b theUIretfomimntl, with an allegorical relief of the 14th cent, 
(restored in 1836), In memory of the victory of the citiiens under the 
Oreislolzen (p. 46) over 500 eoldiere of Aichbishop Engelbert, who 
had stolen lntotlietown,on 15th Oct, 1267. Seyeralstreetsleadfrom 
the Sachsen-Rlng to the S.W. to the VoVci-Qarten (PI. A, 2, 3 ; p. 27), 
with pie aBi lie- grounds, a ake, and foantalns. 

The SaUfr-moff (PI. B, C,2), with the TtchniMt CoUegt (No.32), 
leads to the Barbarossa-Platz (PI. C, 2), a square adorned with 
gardens and a fountain. In ibe Hohenttautm'Eing (PI. D, 0,2) are 
the handsome Hdbemtauftn BaOa (p. 29). In the Znlpicher-Platz, 
to the left, Is the Roman Catholic Htn-Jtsu-Kircht, by Schmidt of 
Vienna (tower still to boild). To the N.W. is the Koolgi-Platz, 
with a Bvnagogue (PI. D, 1), erected in the Rominesqne style in 
1896-99. — In the short Ealtlmrftr-Ring rises the Rene Btadt- 
Theater (PI, D, 3 ; p. 28), erected In the baroque style by K. Mofiti 
in 1900-1902. — Nearly opposite, in the Rxidol^- Piatt, an Import- 

Habnentbor (PL F, 2) , a massice town-gate of the early 13tli 
cent., with two towers, which has been restored and fitted np aa a 
HMoTical Muttum of the City of Cologne (adm., see p. 29; visitoTs 
ring). Its contents include weapons and armour, models of old 
baildlngs of Cologne, town-plans of various periods, portraits, ban- 
ners (14-19th cent.), arms, Cologne stamps, dies, and coins, and 
weights and measnres. 

From the BohetaoUem-Ring (PL E, F, 2) and the Kai/er-Wll- 
ham-Bing (PL F, 2) streets lead to the left to the well-kept Sladt- 
OarUn (p. 27). In the sqnare in front of it ia the new Protestant 
ChrUtiu-Sirclte (PI. F, 2), by Wiethase, the interior of which also 
deserves attention. In the Biaroarck-Strasse Is the Reiidenx-Thealer 
(PLP,2; p.2a), opened in 1902. At the N. end of the gardeni 
tn tlie Kaiser -Wilhelm- Ring, on a rocky base, stands the Emp. 
WaUam 1. Memorial (PI. F, G, 2), a monumental fountain, 36 ft. 
high, by R. Anders (1897). Below the eqaeatrian statne of the 
emperor are seated figures of Father Rhine and Colonia. — A little 
to the 8.E. is the chnrch of St. Qereon (p. 50). — In the Hansa- 
Plati, in the middle of the Bania-Ring (PI. 0, 3, 4), a large fragment 
of the old town-walls, known as the OertonimiihU, has been piesened . 

Adjacent stands the *Mnseiim of Indoitrial Art fPl. Q, 3j, 
erected In 1897-1900 from plans by BranUky. Admission, see 
p. 29 ; good catalogue (1902), 50 pf. Director, Dr. Otto von FaOit. 

Orenii' Flssr. The glass -cuvered court it uiti lor lemporarf eibibi- 
lions. From the vertLbule we aicond Ih* stsircase od Ihe right, — Eoob I. 

54 Route 3. COLOGNE. c. Jang-Strattc. 

MEditBTtl eFTlesiutical fumitaie anit DnmineBtt. In Cue 1 me *lToiy 
CwTing.. incloding (he conSEcntiDn-conih of SI. Htrihert (899-1031), Ardi- 
bleliop of Caloiue, ud sn oilentKl iiaij cukct (iSih ceot}. The ether 

Will 7, •AntepBQdlnm from lie clordi'of St Uriul* (isUi cent.; figures 
of 8i>!nu nf Uie lltb ceot,). Oolbic BUined-glus wiodowa ilMGUi veol.). — 
SaaH II. Domeatic farnlmn of Ihe Qolhic period (IBlh cent.]. Alio. 

3 -ant of Justice (u. IMCD tnd painUDgi on glu> (AdDtillon o( tbs M>gl ; 
74) from Ihe SMbbiDS. — Room HI. Eirlf-EenaLMiiice furuture, etc., 
Irom the Lower Rhine. — Boon IV. LiiU-RBDi,>s»nce room (Goloeae); the 
v>U-paDet]lDe ind floor from Ibe Spunlsh Home fp. U). — Book V. 
Slonewue, tilsi, lod haildto^materiBlB Irom llie Loirsr Rhine. SteinBd 
Blue of IBSB (Coloine). ~ Room VI. Cottue furniture. — Rook VU. Ib. 
diutrlil urt of the Rcnilssance, In lUly, Frmot, ud Sptir ■"'— °" 
•Bronie Doot-kooeier , bj GWcanM da B,' - " - " "- 

tine,' hj A. Wneaima). — Zoou Vin. Qei 

the sl;le of Ham ^oIMn IHe rauBfcr^itormeTlj'uBt. RlasieD^ 16%)! - 
Rook IS. Buoqne farnilure [ram CologDe, ud blunn-KlsM. Cue 83. 
•OlsM from VeolM »nd Cologne. — Giinsina S-XII. Iron wort from 

balcony- fsiiinK from AiJ-U- Che pall e (1737) , 

Tint Floor. Rook 3III (to the right). Dntch and Low Qermui fur- 
nitore (iTth cent,). Datcb, <Jenn»n, Francb, Italian, tnd Swcdihli fijence 
(17-18tli cent.). — Room ilV. Oermin and Frencb furniture of IHa ISlb 
cenlury. — Jtgoii SV. Earopean porcelain of Ihe ISlh and i9lh cent., the 
German pollerles being eapecLiUf well represented (•Caset lUO and lU. 
Hiichst ind Frinkenthal porcelain). WjJl 108. Sevres porcelain. Cut 91. 
Wedlwood ind other Enelish pnrcflain (ISth cent.;. ~ GitLKBI SXl. 
CibinetB 125-130. Book-biudinei (14-18tb cem.). Cibfnets 131, 132. Cutlery 
luul tools — RuuH ZVI. TeTtlle fibriu. - Rook SVIl, Orieiital ludustrUl 
art, including Chinese and Jipuieee poreeliin ind Indian metal-work, etc 
— RooH XVIII la ased for temporary eihlbitlong. — Room XIX represent! 
a SiFisi room of the late-Renaissance porlod (ITth cent.). — Galliet XX. 
Lace; furni to re-ornaments In the Empire style (ct>. ISOD). — Qallery XXI 
ia adjoined 'av the largo PALLixBEBa Sxloon, bandiomely Sited up From 
jr. LcchlirU ieslgoB at the expense of Herr PaUenberg (d. 1900), lod con- 
ulnlDg n portion of the municipal ailTer pIMe. — Oallebt XXII. Embrol- 
deileei modern medals and piMnatHs. 

The first flooi ^so accommodates Ihe valuable Librki? ef Iidnatrul Art, 
founded in 1889, including a collection of palterns (iwo catali^es, l^Opf. 
each). Adm„ see p. m 

FarCbei an, on the right, la the Commercial High School, built In 
1900, beyond which the Hsnsa-Ring iB crossed by the iron arches 
of the railway. 

The Zigelstein-TliOT (PI. G, i), the N. fortifled tower oF the 
mediaeval eDtrenchinenl9,wae restored In 1891, — The Ring- Str&sse 
is teimin&ted by the Dmtiche Ring (PI. H, 5), which it embelUthed 
with flower-beds, ponda, and foantaina. A monnment to Emp. 
Frederick III. it to be erected »1 lt» E. end. 

The ■Zooli^cftl Qttiden (idmlaBlon, see p. 27), which liei to 
the N. of the town, about IVi H. fiom the Central Station, may be 
reached by tramway (No. I , p. 28) or by ateimboal (p. 29). From 
the Deutaobe Ring It la approached tU the Riehler-Stiaaie (Fl. H, 5; 
tramway No. 5). Gronnds well laid out; flne collection of animale. — 


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DEUTZ. 3. Berate. 55 

Adjacent ii tb« Bot&niettl Gttiden of the 'Flora Co.' (>dm., see 
p. 2T), with a handaome ndnleT-gaiden, ■ concert'iQom, s Ylctoria 
B«gia hoQBe, and an Aquarium. On the S, side of the garden is the 
Sfimmer Thadrt (p. 2S). — Beyond the Zoological Garden ia tbe 
Sport-Plalx, with cycling track, tennia caart«, shooting langes, and 
reatanrant. — About >/« M. fulher on is a bridge- of-boats leading 
to Miilheim (p. 15). — Near the end of Tramway Ho. i (p. 2S), in the 
NeusBer-Str.,aomewayfromtown,l8thenewRacei!our8e(™!np. p.28). 

To the S.W. of the town, near the terminns of the Lindenthal 
tramway (No. 7, p. '28), i« the Stadtwald (Titwn Wood>, a iiewty 
planted district ^0 acres in extent. It Ib adjoined by the older 
park of the Eltchsburg [restanTant). The small restaurant f Stadt- 
waldschenke') command* a good view of Cologne. 

The exlenilie Onutsry, on ths ruad In Aii-lt-ChapellB, Vt U. from the 
Habaen-Thar (Fl. E, 2; tramway »a. 8, lee p. 28J. contains iBTsral fine 
manDiii«nU, inclndlng thugs of ^Df. WullrX and Harr Richtrli tp. 39). 
memorial mODomenti of the wua of 1S«6 and IBTO-Tl, and a monumeDt 
ID the memory of French prleoner* who died here. 

On the right bank of the Rhine, opposite Cologne, lies Denti 
(rail«ay-itation, Bee pp.26, 62,65), the tete-de-pont of Cologne, and 
tbe Roman Castra Diviteniia. It existed as a fortress down to 1114, 
after which it was repeatedly destroyed, as a settlement here would 
have been Inconsistent with the privileges of Cologne. Since 1816 
Daatz has been fortified by the Prussians in connection with Co- 
logne. The Imposing Roman Catholic Chamh (PL O, 6), by Pickel, 
is in the Romanesiine style and was finished in 1896. The treasury 
eoDtalna the samptaons shrine of St. Heriben, of the yeat 1147. 
TheProtesUnt.rohanni)-jnn;A<(Pl. E, 6) was consecrated In 1861. 

4. From Cologne to Neusa (Dssseldorf), Crefeld, 
and CI eve. 

74'/, M. SAiLWiT 10 Cl«.« in 2'/t3y, hrs. (ftres 9 J* 60, 7 j: 20, 
i ^ao pf.)i la BBaeldorf ia l-l'/i Sr. (fares 3 jC 20, 2 Jl 40, 1 ^ 60 pf). 

Colagne, see R. 3. — 11/4 M. Nippa; 5 M. Longerieh. — 9 M. 
Worringtn, perhaps the Buruneum of the Romans. 

In a bailie fooghl here in 1S88 between He dtisens of Cologne ind tbe 
Brabinlers under the Duke of Berg on one side, and Ihe Archbishop of 
flnelders on the otter, tbe struggle between ibe bnrgliei-a and Ibeir arcb- 

13 H. Dormagen, the Roman Durnomagua, 

AbODt i'h U. to the E., on the Bhioe, Hea Zani (Bender's Inn), the 

to CologDs. It 'is one of the bestEhenisb eiamylea oCamediieval (oriifled 
town. The Premooatralenaiiii abbey at KntrhltUiea , vith a beaulirul 
Bomsnesqae church lOtlbiUhtr Dam) begun in 113B and reslored after tbe 
ate of im, is DltDsted 3 H. to tba W, 

I8V1 M, Narf. To the right, farther on, the railway bridge of 
the Nenss and Diisseldorf line is seen in the distance (p. 61). 

56 Route 4. CREFEID From Cotogne 

22'/^ M. IT«iiM (Bheiniachtr Bofi Bron; Lattgtnitckmann), men- 
ttoned as a Rom&n fortress in the annalB of the BtktttTfsD wti, ander 
the DBme liovtiium, U one of the oldest towns in Germany. Pop. 
28,500. Id 1474 it was in vaia beiieged by Ghwies the Bold of 
Bnrgandy for forty-eigbt veeks, and in 1586 it was conqoered and 
treated with great severity by Alexander Famese. The 'Qulrinus- 
Kirche, an Interesting building in the transition -style, began in 
1209 by the master Wolbero, is a badlica with nave and aisles, and 
with lowers over the erosaing and over the W. end, which externally 
forms I second transept. Above the aisles run galleries, and some of 
the windows are pecoliarly shaped. The rich ornamentation of the 
W. part of the hnilding demands attention. The exteuBive ciypt 
dates from the 11th century. The E. tower, which was le-erected 
after its destruction by Are in 1741, It crowned with a Statue of 
8t. Quidnu), the patron-saint of the town, who was probably a 
Roman soldier. — The late-Qothic RaiUuati (1634-38), remodelled 
in the 'Empire' style at the close of the 18tb ceac, contains a large 
hall adorned with a series of historical paintings by Janssen. In the 
ObertliOT, a large gate-house of the 14th cent, at the S. end of the 
town, with two towers, Is a small collection of Roman antiquities. — 
Nenss formerly lay close to the Rhine, with which it is now con- 
nected by a short canal, ending in a busy harbour. 

Prom HenBI to Aix-la-Chapiae and DOiiildtirf, sea E. 6; to Jfterifn- 
ffeuaeTt and JUieyit-Viersm. see p. 61; to nnren, ace p. IS. 

A bFanch-line l»d< trom Keiui vU SardI ro Obn-Aunl, on the 
Rhine, oppoute DiUgeMorf, and connected with it by elcclrie (ranway. 
DSiitldor/, see p. 30. 

28 H. Oiterath. — 32Vi M. Oppum, the junction for the line 
to Vtrdingtn (Buhrort, DuUburg; p. 62). 

34 M. CrefBld. — Hot«l>. •CuraLDBiBoF(P]. b;B.11, Hoob-Str.eO, 
R.rTom2V<> B. i, D. S^.-'BEiTziPl.aiB.S), at the cotdbi of Bbeln-Sti. 
and Friedrich-Btr., S.V/,, B. 1, D. aVt^; 'HiiFs (PI. c< C.^, Oat-WaUi 
GaEBK* Walb (PI. d i C, i), Hooh-atr. 8; Stadt MfiHoHM , Hoct-Slr. 43; 
KOKisCBKB EAI9U. NeDiseT-B tr. . Il.6 1i.VhJI: Osihahia. al tbestiiliDn, 

— Kaatanranti. Emttr, Kdnigii-StT. 2t), D. from IVi Jl: Ifallnitvff, wllfe 
garden, i/i U, from tbe towii Sladt Xmtlun, Rdmiiclier EttUir, ten »boie. — 
Wina at 'Xractrr-i sod e.1 tUe ffodeffa. OstwaJl 61 and ITS. — Bathi at Ibe 
•etaeUbad, Neuieer-Str, SS. — SleiCric Tramwan tbrDngli the chief slreeM. 

— BtMin TranwaTi to DBurlder/ (p. 3U), UiitHn^tn (p. IJ2), Beli, and 
Fiichila. — V. 8. OoiuDl, T. R. Ifalluce. Eiq. 

Crtftld, with 107,000 inhab. (13,000 in 1830; I/4 Protestant), 
an important railway- centre and the seat of the chief silk and velvet 
manufactories in Germany, is flr«t mentioned by name in a docn- 
ment of 1166 and obtained municipal privileges In 1373. On the 
eitinction of the Counts of Moers in IdOO it came into the hands 
of the Princes of Nassan and Orange, and In 1702 it fell by inherit- 
ance to the crown of Prussia. The manufactories of Crefald and it* 
environs at present employ about 20,000 power and other looms and 
produce fabrics of an annual value of about 4,000,0001., vying with 
those of Lyons, and largely exported to England and America. 


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W CUve. KEMPEN. 4. Routt. 57 

la tbe West-Wall 1b the Rathbmu (PI. B, 3), vith good frescoes 
(Battia of Arminius) by P. Janasen. — In the same street, farther 
to the S., ia the Empbboe Wnj.tiii Musbuk (PI. B, 4), completed 
inl897(opeDdsil7, eiceptMon., 10tDland^to4or5; idm.SOpf., 
free on Sun. and Wed. aftecnoona^. 

On (he stalrc&se ij aitatne of Emp, William I., tj Bberlita. — Gbound 
Floob (t.). Uhenish wood-earvinga, especially slatuetles of ibe Virgin Bad 
saints by Galcu maatrra ; pottery, fnrnitnTe, iveapor)i. glasi, and cbina of 
the Lower Hhine (ISth cent.); loodern faysnce anfl fnpnilupe; objecta from 
K. Asia. — FiBBT Floor. At the head oi the sHUrease, Tb* Blacksmltb, a 
flgire by CDnil. Utamsr (i%e}. SciilplnteB of Ibe Itatiaa Renaissance 
(Lnca della Robbla; Donatello); painlings (portraHs of Emp. William 1., 

Tbo Textile Academy (PI. A, 6) contains an Interesting Textile 
Mtaeum, and the rooms are decorated with frescoes by A. Baur, 
referring to the eilk-indnatry. 

In the Ost-Wall are monuments in honour of ComcZius de Oreiff 
(PI. 6; 0,2), the philanthropist, ffnrl ffafcelm (PI. 7; C, 3), com- 
poser of the 'Wacht am Rhein' (1864), and Moltke (PI. 9; C, 4). 
To the 14. K., in the Bismarck- Platz, rises a bronze statne of Sii- 
marck (PI. 4; D, 1), by Ebetlein. 

Ob the QIadbach road, 3 M. lo Ibe 3. of Crefeld. is a memorial oi 
tbe balUe otCTeteld, In which Ferdiaand of Brnnanick, one of Frederick 
the Orcat'a eeneraH, defeated tHe French on Juno 53rd, 17E8. — The fifli- 
«r Bre. A U. to Ihe N. of Crefeld, is gftcn viaileil Iheoce either by 
railway or on fool. 

41 '/a M. Eempen (^Rtrriger; Eufer; Keuter, with old Wall-paint- 
ingflj, an ancient town with 6700 inhabitants. The Sti/ts-Kirche, a 
Oothic edifice with a Romanesque ta»er, contains some fine sedtlia 
(carred by Joh. Glutei in I486) and choir-stalla (1493). The CaiiU, 
with Its three towers, which now contains the gymnasium, was 
built in 1380-84 by Friedrlch in. of Saarwerden, Aicbbishop of 
Cologne. The Kahthor, a brick building of the 14th cent., recently 
restored, contains the Municipal Collection of Antiquities (key at 
the RatlihansJ, including cabineta, wood-carvings of tbe 16-17th 
cent, portraits, weapons, and Roman and FraDkieh antiquities. 
Thomas a Rempis (1380-14T1), supposed author of the 'Imiutio 
Chrlsti', is commemorated by a bronze statue (by Pledbienfj 1891] 
In the Kirch-Platz. Branch-lines to Venlo (p. 61) and VUnen (p. 61). 

The fertile district now assumes a Dutch character, 46 M. Aide- 
t«rl!,' 481/si U. Nieuktrli. 

53 m. 0«ld«n> (Mtel Dahtbaaam, very fair J, with 64nOinhab., 
once Ibe capital of the Duchy of Quelders, has belonged to Prussia 
since 1713. Our line here intersects the railway from Hollandft'cnlo, 
Straelen) to Sronen and Hamburg. 

The train crosses the Sitrs. BS'/a M. Kevelaer (frequented by 
pilgrima). To the right lies Wium, with the handsome restored 
chateau of Baron von Loe, — 62 M. Wee'u. 

66Va M, Qooli (HSt. Gitbertt, very fair;, with 9100 inhab., an 
important place in the middle ages, also a station on the line from 

From Cologne 

DH from Berlin to 

Fbom Oocb to Wisil, 2t'/i K; m]w» In >/<-lV< ^'. (fans 3 -« 30, 
3^10, l^eOpf.)' — 3 11. FrtHitiiA-Utdm. 

12I/I H. XmdUb [SdHlounn, ptiu. 6 ^; S^ldc^Th^^I^ilehlr Gailluf), i 
lown uf gre&t sntiquitf, with 3700 inhab., ismentiODed in the 'NibeJungen- 
lied', u the birthplaco of Siegfried tlie drBgon-Bl»yer (p. 94). The Catlra 
ViUra of tie Kflman., founded by Angnstiu belweao B.C. 16 ud 13 as 

on the Lower lUiins until il9 dc'struclioii by the B&IbtIuis inTlA.I^, lay ^ 

n 1213-1613.^ ia a_g«n _n[ a 

. The two R 
m (1S31) and other urliita, 

_ . , ._ , . jred by old tep«3try. 

>r the htgh-altsr ii ■ fine bronie candelibmm from 
-m of ui!wcb(iaOi). Thesscrlsty contains ^ome valnftble 
enll, IncJudlng those of SI. Bernhard (11th cent.), wMle 

To the K. of (16 M.) BirSm ii a Roman amphilUeMre, S30 ft. In dla- 
meler. — Beyond {I8I/1 M.) BMrrieh, alio a Btallon on the WmbI and Venlo 
line (p. 19), Iba train croues the Rhine, and reacbet (Sli/i M.) Wtiel (p. 18), 

69 H. Pfaltdorf, a Urge village near the ReUhiwald (p. 59), with 

741/3 M. Cler*. — BaUU (all with gardens). B^-HStsl, A Hotel 
" - "-- ■" nf the town, in the Thierearlen, E. S-i, pens. 6-SJl, 

„. . ,,..... . >B1H!II1— 

ected with the FrUdrich- Wil^lmitad . a hydroptthii 
"■ -n an eminence to the 8.B. of the town — " " ' — 
, In the ThlergBrteu, K. SB. 1, D. 3, 

(p. 69), on an eminence to the S.B. of the town, with a large park v HotsL 
BOBBKBB, In the ThlergBrteu, K. 3, B. ■ " " - - - ...— -- -- 
the hill 10 IheS, of the town, K. 3, B. _, , , , „, , 

at ehe station. — Beer 'Zampe; DttiUchir Kaiitri Oromr KirfBTit (slnecd 
ceiling of ISTT). — Cafi-SalaoToal Kaltcr Friidrich, Ha«gsche-Str. 

Ylaitori- tKC, for a alay of more than a week, 5 J». — Kj^p /w«- 
tuH (Dr. Bergmann), lo the S.W. of the lown. 

Put Offloe, Haagsche-Slnaie. 

CUve, Dutch ff£(e/"(pop. 15,000), onca the oapltal of the duehy of 
that name, ia beaattfuUy situated on the flope of a wooded hill, 
wbicb at an early period Fonoed the bank of the Rhine, and fa 
much frequented b; Datch families in lammer. The chalybeate 
spring is an additional attraction. 

On a plctnresqae eminence in the town rises the PaltKt of the 
focmer dukes, generally called the Sehicanet^urg (now a law-MOtt 
and prison), with the lofty 'Schteanenthurm (fine »iew), erected by 
Adolph I, in 1439, on the site of a Roman tower. In Uie ooortyard 
ito Romanesque portals (now built up) and a Roman altar found tn 


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to Otoe. CLEVE. 4. BouU. 55) 

the vicinity. The legend of the 'Knight of tlie Swau', so widely 
known from Wagnei'e opera of 'Lohengrin', is localised at Cleve, 
where an appropriate monnment bu been erected In the Kleine 
Markt. k Statue of the Elector John Sigiimund (d. 1619} by Bayerle, 
erected near the palace in 1859, t9 a memorial of the annexation 
of the district to the Electorate of Brandenburg in 1609. — The 
RaOihaut contains a few antiquities (inclnding some good Roman 
bronzes) and some pictures. 

The Qothic Stifts-Kirche, an Imposing bricli edifice, erected In 
1341'56, contains monnments of Counts and Dukes of Cleve, the 
finest those of Adolph VI. Cd. 1394) and Margaretha von Berg 
(d. 1425). 

To the S-E. of the town lies the PrfnitnAo/', erected in 1664 by 
Prince Maurice of Orange (d. 1679), Ooyernor of Cleve (appointed 
by the Elector of Brandenburg), and now a hotel and pension. The 
Nassau AlUe, with its old lime-trees, extends along the hill-slope 
to the Stembuaeh, whence a.road leads to the left to the HStel' 
Ptmion Bavs Freudenberg (pens, 5 Jl), formerly a hunting-lodge 
of Prince Hanrice, l\'|j M. from Cleve, and thence to 'Berg und 
Thai' (HGt.-Fens. Sonderkamp], another sumnjer-tesorl. — Towards 
the W, lie the hlUa known aa the Thiergarttn, laid out with pleasant 
park-like grounds (1654), which adjoin the road and railway to 
Nymwegen. — The CUver Berg (336 ft.), to the S. of the Thier- 
garten, commands one of the most beautiful views on the Lower 
Rhine. In the foregTonnd lies Cleve, and farther ofF the villages 
of Qualburg and Bedbnrg, ChSiteau Hoyland, and the towns of Catcar, 
Xanten, Wesel, Rees, Emmerich, etc. 

At the village of Briaiin, a'/i M. to the K. of Cleve, 1i a monnnient 
ereited in 18ii to /oAonna B^na, whom Qoeihe ceiebratsd for her tieroiam 
during an InundatlOD 0( the ahine. — The B*i(ABeoW, !'/» M. to the 8.W. 
of Cleve, a the targeet foreal in Ibe Rhenlsb ptovincs (17,000 acres). 

Beyond Cieve the Kheniah Railway pursues iu H. direction , erusnes 
the Bblne by means of a steam-ferr; near stal. Etlm, and at bUI. 

Prom Cleve dillg 


ailv in 

IV. hr. 



On the way il paseea 


OhatWB MOTlana, 

ao Imposing bn 



ofthelBthCBnl,, res 

by Z 

(1864 e 

tseq.). Itsow 



ivala p 
mi Hals 




Moreelse ifonftoral, 
nants {adm, on applic 




r Heist 



dea, Br 

oeghel, Hobbem 




Oalai (S'Ufftr.K 



ihi*., was in 14 


640 the 

seat or a kIiooI of w 


ra Hoi 

iand. It wa> also tb 


ate'd PmMiln 0^ 


hy Bayerle, adoros ths market-place. The CMireh of SI. Siclioku, aOolhie 
slruclore of the l&th cent., is a veritable moaenm of wood-carving, with 
tU altari, ehDiF-eialls, and candelabra. lu chief clory is the blgb-aliar 
dUe-ieoO). with wings painted by Jaa Jout of Haarlem, who worhed at 

a Wealpballan msster of sbout 1160. The Saahaat (113>)-U>) and severtl 
brick bonau with gshlei! bIso deaorve notice. — Calcur !i also connected 
b; dllleence wilb Ooch (TVt H.) and Xioten (9Vi ■)' 

5. From Aix-la-Chapelle to Dfisseldorf vift Oladbach, 

MM, R.II.WAI iD 1V.-3 Hrj. CtsreiT ^, a J» 80, 3 Jl BO pf.; eipresi 
SjHtiO, GjUSO, 4jreu pt.|. 

This cailvay Las tno sUCioDS at Aix-U-ChapeUe, one at the Mar- 
sckier-ThoT, the other at tha T«npier6end(«)Dip. p. 3). At(3'/aM.) 
Richlerkh the MaaitriM Line diverges to the left. The tail chim- 
naya near (51/^ M.} XbftCscAeidt belong to coal-mines (branch-line 
CO Wiiraalen, p. ib). Abont i'/^ M. ^om Kohlscheidt rises the 
picturesque ruin of WUfulnuiein ([estaunnt). The train now de- 
scends into the pleasing and partly vooded valley of the Warm, 

French Itotdue, a small town with an old castle. The suppressed 
Abbey of Kloiierrath (now a school) crowns a height on the left. 
The church, lately decorated by M. Gobbels, dates from 1209, and 
its crypt from 1108. Branch-lines to Stolbftg (p. 14) and to Sittard. 

On the left, near (IS'/a M.) Palenberg, rise the cbiteaoit of flim- 
burg and Zwtibriiggtn, naA it(lby^H.') (7eifcnfeire?Kn (Haist) that of 
Trips. The train then traverses the ondulatlng Dncby ol JQlich or 
Jnliers, and between (20 M.) Lindem and (24</3 H.) .Baal crosses 
the valley of the Koer (p. 15). — 27Vi M. Erkeleu (Adter), an old 
town with 4600inhab., the picturesque ruins of a castle destroyed in 
1674, and a late-Gothic Rathhaus. Tha chnrch of the 14th cent, 
has a new iron apire 2T0flhigb. Bronze statue of Emp. William I., 
by Kunne (1893). — 33 M. Wiekrath, with a government stud. 

351/2 M. Eheydt (Jobga, R. & B. from 3, D- 2 Jli Schmidt ; 
tramway to Oladbach and Odenklrcben), with 34,000 inhab., is 
Che junction of the Oladbach- Roermond-Antweip line (see p. 61) 
and of the Lett-Rhenish line to Oladbach, f/arien-NeuiBerk, and 
IVeiM»(p. 56; lTM.,ln 1 hr.). 

About e M. to tba E. of Bheydt ig situated Bohliw Drek, the chlteaa 
of PrlDce 9iiIiD-lUiffeF8clield-Dyck aatel^ reilored), with beautiful grounds, 

If the cblteau.) — —- 

Europe. (Good inn, opposil 
3 M. to the H. of Wyct, co 

38M. Olftdbaoh ('Herfi, R.2-4, B. 1, D. with wine 3, S. "ii/tJt; 
Kothen; Deuteehet Haus, Europaiieher Hof, RheinUchtT Hof, these 
three nearer the station; tramway from the station to £h«ydlj 
Is an Important manufacturing town of 59,000 inhab., and one of 
the centres of the Rhenish cotton, woollen, iron, and eagine-making 
indnstries. To distinguish it from another place of the same name 
(p. 26) It ia termed MuiKhm-Ohxdback, the epithet MQnchen (i.e. 
'MBncben' or monliB) being derived from a Benedictine abbey. 

VIERSEN. n. Rovle 61 

fouuded in 972 and auppieesed in 1802, (o wbicb the town ovea 
its origin. Admission to any of the numerouB factories or dye^workg 
ig nanallr granted by the owner on applicatlou. The imposing brick 
edifice to the right of the Beigisch-Maikiech station is a spinning 
and iresTing f&otory. Several important Insarance societies have 
their headquarters here. The early-Qothic choir of the M&niier- 
Kirche, consecrated In 1275, is supposed to hate been built by Meis- 
ter Qerard (p. 32); the Romanesque crypt and the basement of 
the tower are of the 11th cent., the nave of the beginning of the 
13th century. The treasury contains » fine late-Oothio portable 
altar and other interesting objects. In the Eaieer-Platz is a statne 
of Emp. William I. by Eberlein, and in front of the station is one 
of Bitmarck by Schaper. — The terrace of the Erhohmg Clttb (intro- 
dnction necessary), situated in a shady park, and the alA Abbty 
afford good views of the Oladbach maaufacturiog district, wMch in- 
clades the towns of Gladbach, Rheydt, Tlersen, Odenkirchen, Diil- 
ken, and SQchteln. The continnation of the Bah n ho f-S trass e leads 
to the KaiaCT'PaTk, in which U the Kaiser-Friadrich- Halle , for 
:s and theatrical e 

aiadbacb it the jnnolioii of the Orifild and EoOifild-DtHiliare line 
I'ee B. 6J. Oladtuoh is also on the Blisydl <£ Neuu Kailway CLeft Rbeniah 
LIdsj h« p. 60), witk tno slatiDni;, GtadbacK-Beitl and Olttdbach-Spiik. 

Betgium and Eoitwui- 

From Gladbiicb to JuUert (JIUich). t'lchwsilrr, and Slalitrf, see p. 19, 
The line now tarns towards tbe E., traverses a flat, arable, and 
partly wooded tract, and leads to (41 M.) Conchenbroich, (43 M.) 
Klcinenbroich, and (48'/3 M.) IfeaM (p. 66), the junction of the 
Aix-la-Chapelle-Diisseldoif, Cologne-Crefeld, and Diiren-Neuse 
lines. The train crosses the Rhine by an iron bridge of four arches, 
beyondi'hinb,to tbe left, opens a fine view of Diisseldorf, — 52'/iM, 
DvtKldorf-mOe; 54 M. DiiuildoTf, Central StaUon (p, 20). 

6. From Oladbach to Crefeld, DniBbnrg, and Esaen. 

38 M. E*.iw« in l'/r3 hra, (fsMa 5 J(, 8 Jl 80, 2 ^ 60 pf,). 

MUnchav-Qladbach, see above. — 3 M, HtUnabnam. — B'/a''^- 
Vierien (fionien,- Dahlhmittn, both very fair), a town with 24,800 
inhsb. and extensive manufactories of silks, plush, and velvet 
ribbons. The late-Qotbic parish-church dates from the 13th century. 
The Hohenbiaeh, with a park, commands an extensive view. 

A line diveteei hence to Vmlo^ tbe junction of the Dglch railways to 
KuiMnj and BaUcrArm. (0 the W., and 10 Ihf a. to Maaitrichl. See 
gatdtttr-i BtlBiKm and BeUand. _ 

ramiflcaUOBJ. At (!•/. M ) SOchUla the line forka! Me branTh ninn°7°°i 
Qtdt, KuBfm (p. 1ST), and Han (p, 511 tf> H9 M.) Crifild (H. Sulion), wbilt 
tbe msin tine proceeds vii rnrtt lo (13 M.) Cre/etd. — 35 M. Miwri (DtfUcbtt 
Bam. B. tiB.VIiJf; KUntsUcliiT Bof). an aid (nwn with 6200 inhab., is tbe 
juoction for HonAcrf and for the new line from Rheinhaueen lo Cleve (p. SB). 

02 Ro«te 7. ALTKNBERG. 

On (he lattsr, Vh H. to the IT. at Hoen,' is BIwinbars (Aimin, B. « B. V/t UT), 
an SDdsDt plus with 2fi00 inhab., welt-knawD for iu 'booDekunp' bitters. 

The Grefeld line neit croiseB the HoTd-Canal, "begaa by Na- 
pDleoD, bnt Qevei completed, and the river NIcn, and then tnTenes 
some drained manhland. 9 M. Anrolft; 14 M. Crtfeld (p. 56). 

15V2 M. pppuiR, the junction for Srust and D&eteldorf (p. 56). 

18V2'M-^0l^oEB'i('^c''n<ri fair), a commercial town OD the Kbine 
(6600iuhab.), with eztenalTe liqiieni and eogai maniifactoriGS, la the 
Junction of the line to Homberg and RuhroH. — 23 M. R}id,nhaiuen, 
with B harbour and (ton-works, is the Jnnctloi] for ihe new railway 
t\k Trompet, Moors, Rheinherg, Calcar, et«., to Clevt (p. tiS). 

The raUway crosses the RUnt by a bridge 1040 yds. long. — 
2B M. Hachfeld. — 27V» M. Duiibnrg fp, 19). — 31 M. Styrum, 
the Jnnction for [2 H.) Obtrhauien fp. 19) and fd'A M.) fiuAr- 

321/2 M. MiUh«im an dar Knlir (HSttl Im Zidaat, Rate, R. I^lr 

3 Jl), a prettily sitnated town with 38,300 iiihab., snrronnded with 
coal-pita and Iron -works. — 38M. Alimdorf. Aa Esaen U approach- 
ed vre gain a view to the left of Xrupp't Ca»t Slal Workt, with their 
huge chimneys, a vast BBtabliahment at world-wide celebrity (about 
26,000 workmen). 

39 M. E>9«n(EsBenerHof, RhelnlscherHof, Berliner Hof, etc.), 
see Baedeker'i Norlkem Otrmany, 

7. From Colopie to Elberfeld and Hagen. 

Comp. Mapt p, S4. 

43i,i H, lUitw.Y, eipreifl in IVi, nrdiniry trains in 2'k brs. -, fires 
fi ^. 3 ^ 60, or 4 ^ 50, 3 ^ 30, a ^ ao pf, 

Cologne, eee p. 26. The qnick trains start from the central 
BtatioQ; slow trains also from the Right-Rhenish station at Kalk- 
Dtuti, on the right bank of the Rhine (see p. 26). 

3 M. MHUitim am Rhein, see p. 26 ; 8 M. ScltUbutcli. — IOV2 M. 
Opfadcn (Janseu; Tillmanns), a town of4200inhab., on the Wupper. 

iTalley oflbeDlian. |To reich It we li 

■est pari of Uic wooded 
lie the a»t turn to (be 

n this tu the lieht to a point about 100 yds. beyend 
then keep to tha left down tbe 'alley li]l the 
I The 'Abbey Clureh of AJtanbei^, ksowD as tbe 

VI. (d. 1346). In tbe H. t 
1. lt6B). Tbe butlrasaes ib 
and aiB not pierced, Iboa) 

e 13-Ui-.cenl.! 
ca. 1380-1^. In 
V thuie ol 

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ELBERFELD. 7. Boute, fi3 

purpoa* of n»ing buttresae*. — To the W. ie ihe 'Cliapcl of Si. Hart, a 
Fron) Altenberg to BerfiOi-Gia/ltach, see p, 26, 

30 pf.i Sch 
■eeltng builfl 

ODoded kbonc lUO And enlsreed in tbe IS-lSlb cent., was curefullr rebuUt 
in tba^old Unes lnl88»41. Th« two-storied 'P^bs' dslei Crom 1320 Ire: tored). 
Ibe up^t 8( 

eeo sdonied wilb fresu 

tebnjlt in 1SB2. Tbe fortiHotJoiis and towers are weU pieserred. Tbe 
keep, deetroyed (boui 1618, bas been also rebnill. In tbeS, wine le tbe^Eocal 
J/utRm, including portnits, views, antiquities, and sculptons. Fine view 
tram the -Bitter-Sul' and tbe M. terrace. From Burg to (he Emp. William 
Bridge, aee below. — IV/i N, Lmnep IBerlin«r Hori, a clDtb-makrng town of 
9700 inbab., is connected by braneb-liues with Barman, Bemscbeld, etc. 

13 H. LeichtiniKn. — IBVs M. OUiga, the junction of the line 
from Dilaseldoit to Solingen, Bemecheid, and Vobwiufcel. 

Solincen (Eggeri; DfaUcliii Smi; V. 8. Consul, J. J. Langtry, wilb 
Ul,000 inhib., is one of tbe mogt important seals of tbe mauDfacturf of 
caUerr in tbe world, Solingen blades were fsmons in (lie loiddle sees, 

Seyond ScMnrg, tbe oeil slalioD, lbs liain crosses tbe vaUey of tbe 
Wupper by Ibe imposing "Kaieor ■Wiltelm Briioke (Emp, WitUam Viadact), 
tbe central arch ol'wbicb is IKO ft. in span and 3eu ft. above Ibe river. 
lU total length is 16GT ft. Tbe bsst view of it is obtained from Uie patb 
descending into (be valley from Scbaberg slatlou. Below is a eaf^-re^tanrant, 
and on tbe heights oF the opposite bank is tbe Rcblots KilppelMein Re- 
stanrsnt. AbonI IH, downstream is MVngilta-, whlls a pleaunl forsM-pBlb 
ascends to (1 hr.) Bwg (see above ^ ferry i H. before reacbing Borg). 

18</s M. Haan. — 21 M. Gmitai, the junction of tbe Diiuel- 
doif-Elberfald line {p. 65) ; 23Va M. Vohainktl, the junction of the 
line (o (20 M.) 8tuU, an important coal-railway. Beyond (26Vs U.) 
Somibem tbe train crosses the Wupper, and calls at Xoologisi^eT 
Qarlen and SteinSecft, two suhurban atations of Elberfeld. 

'S&ti.Ellerfeld-Dop-peTihtrg, the chief station foe Elbsrfeld ; 
281/4M, rnter-Bcurrun; 30 H. Barmen ; 31 M.Barmni-fii((«nhiuKn. 

Hatali in Xlbsrfald frestanranls at man). •Wbidenhof (PI. at F,4) 
Willi Hfl, K. from a, B. 1. D 3 Jf; Post, R. A B. from 3>/i, D. Incl. wine 
3 J; HinriiB Hof, R. k B.aV., D. Sj/i M; Kusbbbof, R. * B. from VU, 

Ki«l»(Pl. biF.l), Kirob-Slr. — Hotel* in Barmen. 'Voa«tM(P].»i B,4)' 
E. 3'A-4. B. 1,, pens. 7-8 j|; SohOtzbbh.ds (PI. bj E, i), DSDracHas 
HiDS (PI, di E,l); EyiBQiiiflOBM Vsmimshabs (PI. 37; E,i), near tbe 
station, R. 1-2 Jl; RHiiHiscaES Bor, in the town. 

Bestanruita at Elberfeld: At tbe botelsi elso, SaDaielleri Willemun, 
KoDig»-6ti.. with a etiden; Eo^Su; AlUtuUche Bier)iatti! Bimmclmann, 

tbe Bdlel VoBelers MeiniKlWr So/: Zvr antligtamieit: ^aithaUt: ImSI- 
srAow (p. 84). 

Oaba. For 1-2 pen, BO pf. per drive i i/»br. 1, 1 br, I'/i, each addil. 
i/i br. Vt ■*; luggage 3&40 pf. ; donble fares at nighl and for drat-clan.s 

n the Lutheran Chur 

b4 Route?. BABMEN. 

The sieter-towns of Elberfeld snd Barmen, together with the 
jast-mentloned and other inburbtn villages, now together (oim a 
single large manufacturing town, which ftlU the iMtlom and esteuds 
up the aides of the valley, and is intersected by the railway, the 
highroad with a tFimway-line, and the Wupper. They have risen 
to gre&t importance since the middle of last century, now oontaia 
299,000 iabah. CElberfeld, 157,000; Barmen, 142,000), and rank 
among tha riobeat indastrial towaa on the continent. The cbief 
products of tbeir very numerous and extensive factories are cotton, 
calico, silk, ribbons, Tarkey-red dyed goods, loap, candles, and 
chemicals. Since tbe Introduction of power-loomE the value of the 
cotton and ailk manufactares has risen to upwards of 7Vt million ' 
pounds annually. The old parts of the towns are Irregalar and con- 
fined, but the modern portions contain many fine private buildings. 
Elberfold contains many benevolent inatitatians, and is famous for 
its admirable system of poor-relief. 

Tbe finest part of Slberfeld is the quarter to tbe S.W., ronnd 
the K6nigs-Str. (PI. A-F, 3, 4), the Brlller-Str. (PI. E, 3, 2), and 
the Sadowa-Str. (Fl. D, 3). The principal public edifices are the 
new Sathhaut, in the Neumarkt (Pt. F, 3) ; the Refatmicrlt Kirtkt 
(Fl. 7 -, £, 3}, designed by Zwimet ; and tbe Landgtriekti-Qebaudt 
(PI. i7; H, 4), or courts of law, with a picture of the Last Judg- 
ment by Baur in the principal hall. The old Rathhaus (PI. 18; 
F, 3, 4) conntains the interesting Muniripal MuKum, In the KSnigs- 
Platz (PI. F, 3) is a War Monument (PI. 4) by Albermann. In the 
Brausenwerther-Flatz, the Neumarkt, and the Soblossbleiche are 
statues of Emp. William I. (PI. 3 ; F, 4), Emp. Fredtrick (Pi. 2, 
F3i both by EbBTlelu), and JBiwnorcfc (PI, i, F4; by Briinow). 

Tho Bardt (PI. of Barmen, A, B, 3, 4), to Ibe E., where there ate a 
mODumeDt to St. SoilbertuB and SDOlhei war-maiiament , commands a 
pleasine view. A Sner view is obtained from tbe Kttati/iMlu on tbe £ki- 

(In the Jlope of He Kieabeq: Ue» the Zoolagical Gardet (PI. A, i, b; 
railway station, see p. 83). — To the W. mo the pronMuiadea of Ibe Kaiser- 
hOhe on the JTOfsmlwv (PI- C, D,3; reetauranl), wilh the reservoir of M,e 

In BarmBn the chief boildings are the Proteitant CAurcA(PI, 16; 
C, 4"), designed by Hilbsoh; the Misslonshaui (PI. C, 3), containing 
an interesting collection of curiosities from toreien countries (adm. 
50 pf.); andtheRuhm«sfcaH((Pl. 35; F, 4), or HaUofFame, which 
contains statuea of Emp. William I., Emp. Frederick, and Emp. 
William U., as well as various collections. In front of the old Rath- 
haus is a bronze Statne of Biamarck. The Gvic Museum (PI. 19 ; 
E ,4) contains a collection of natural history. 

On the S. aide are the new Town Bait (PI. E, 5), the War Mcn- 
vment (PI . 4), and a bronze Statue ofE. RUterahaus, tbe poet (d. 1897), 
snrroanded by pleasaDt groundl. Farther to the S. is the Barmtr 
Waid, with the ToUt TAurm (PI. D, 6), a belvedere (electric tram- 
way in </4 br., 21] pf.). Adjacent is the Luflcuthaut, a health-resort 


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SIEGBURG. 8. BovU. 66 

(pens. yiVb raom 4i/j-6 J(). We msy return ts the E. threngh the 
tbaiy Murmtlbach-Thal (I ht.), orpioceedto the W., oier the holier 
FrUdrich Bolt (PI. A, 6) to (1 ht.) Elberfeld. 

Fboii Blbeki'ei.p to DCBiEbDosr 1? S., In 1 ht. SUIionB : VohtdnM, 
OrvOm (p. 63), Aian, IfochaaM. ^riralh, OtrreiAiim, DHuildorf (p. 20). 

Branch-llnei alio run from Elberfeld uidBuinen to CnmHOirff, Rom- 
iorf, Lanup (p. e8(, Rtmicluld, ud mmj olher manofBetnring plnies of 
mnre or less Imporlwce. 

The line skirts the E. side of the lalley of the Wapper. It then 
crOBseB the Wnpper, quits the Dochy of Berg, and enters the Gouoty 
of Mark. The liier sncfently formed the boandaty betveen the 
Fnnfai and Stions, and now separates the Rhlneland from 'West- 
phalia. — 34 H. Behwelm (Pritumn Preussm), a town with 16,890 
inhabitants. Faitbei on, thetrsin passes the £c'ktDe[nt«r Krunnen, a 
chalybeate spring, and through several cnttinga. — 37 M. MU>pt, 
Pleasing vie-n up the valley of the Etmept, which the tcain crosses 
by embankments and a viadact, 100 ft. high. — 3&Vs M. Qevels- 
berg, a towD ceosiatlng of a long row o( detached houses, the stream 
tnns the machinery of numetoos small iron-works, where scythes, 
sickles, and ahorela are manafactured. At (41'/; M.) Haspe are 
eitenslve puddUng-worka and rolling-mills. 

43>/2M. EagBii f/ISttl Liinenicliloii , at &e station; Bomer,' 
Qlitt), s manQfactnrtag town with 60,600 inhab., is the junction 
for Boohnm, DortmuDd, Cassel, and Siegen ; see Batdelce^t Northern * 

8, Prom Cologne to Frankfort vift Oiessen. 

Oomp. Map, p. S4. 

m H. BiiLWAT rrom Cologne to aumn, 103)/] H., Id 14 bn. [fares 
13 Jl 10. 10 Jf 10, 6 Jt TO nf.lj from GiesBon lo Frmi/orl, 39Vi M., in 
iVrShrt. ttarw i j» 40, 3 jr 30, 3 jT aopf.i Mprass, 6 J», 3 jTBOpf.). 

The train staits at Colofne, passes through Deuti (p. 56) 
without stopping, and traverses a flat country at soma distance from 
the Rhine. 2 M. Salk (20,500 inhabO, > thdvlng indnstrial stiburb 
of Cologne and Dentz, is the junction for Deuti (slow trains only, 
in 8 min.). 7 M. Vrback. To the E. of (S'/a M^ Wahn is the 
WiAntr Slide, with an artillery-range. Beyond (13 M.) Troisdorf, 
where the Right-Rhenish line diverges (p. 81], the line crosses the 
Agger, on the bank of which, to the right, is fbe Friedrich- WUIielmi- 
Hittt, a large iroa-foaudry. 

15Vl U, ftiegburg (Felder, opposite the station^ Stem, fair), an 
indnstrial town with 14,200 inhab., lies pleasantly on the slope of 
■ hUlat AeconOaeuceot the Agger and the SUg. Above it, on the 
MiehatiibeTg , rise the bnildlngs of an old Benedictine Abbey, 
founded by Abp. Anno in 1066 and now a reformatory. Of the 
ibbey-ahurch the orypt alone remains. The Pariih Church, dating 
from the second half of the 13tb cent., eontatns seven richly adorned 
reltqnaries of the 12-15tb cent., including that of St Anno fd. 1075"), 

BianiEER's Staioe. Itkb E4<t. 5* 

66 BouU 8. DII.LENBDBO. Prom Cologne 

Arclibigliap of Cologne, the stem gnardlui of Emp. Henrr IV. — 
Biuicti-Uiie to (.241/3 U-) OUringliauten and (l>6 M.) Bagm (p. 65]. 

Seyond Siegborg (view o( the Seven MonatalnG to the right), 
the train crotses the Sieg, >nd asceadg the vsllef of the river, over 
38 bridges and through IStunnele, to Belidorf and Slegen. — 20 M. 
fiennf/'(Walterscheid) is the joDctioaof the Bioelthal Railway from 
Beiitl (p. 90) to WaldbToH and to Bvchholi. The castle ot Allncr, 
kdjoining the wood to the left, Btanda >t the confliience of the Broel 
and the Sieg. FutheTon, to the left, are the monastery ot Bodingen, 
snrrouuded by vineyards, and the ehitein of Allenbaeh, 

221/) M. Blaakenbtrg (Honrath , with a terrace commandlDg a 
beaatltnl riew), formerly an important fortified town, with a con- 
apicnons mined castle. Is a popular summer-iesort. Tnnnel, 

Beyond (27l/j M.) Eit(irt(iVfn> Girl, fair) a retroapeet Is obtained 
of the monastery of Mtrttn on the hill to the right. The wooded 
hills enclosing the valley now iucreaee in height. Two tonnels 
are passed through. Near Win/Uek, with the castle of that name on 
the hill to the left, the railway and highroad pass throagh a deep 
cutting. — 31 M. Herehen (Glaamacber). — SGl/i H. Schladem 
(Klever, E. & B. 21/, jT ; diligence twice daily to Waldbtol). A new 
channel has here been constmcted for the Sieg, while the old one 
has been left dry lor a distance of 2 M. — TtmneL 
• 41M. An, theJnnctlonforLimbnrg(p. 219);44t/, M. Wi„en, 
junction for Morsbach. A little farther on, on the opposite bank 
of the Sieg, rises the old chiteau of Sehomtein, the property of 
Prince Hatrteld. — 47 H. IViciJerhai^If. — 62 M. Betidorf CBnUm- 
bajAtrHof; 0(^TteM) is the Jnncdon loTSiigen and Hagen (see p. 65, 
and BaedeitTi Northern Gerfaanyy, 

The line to Giessen ssoendB the valley of the BelUr to (57 H.) 
HerdoTf, (p9 M.) NainkiTehm, and (63 M.)Suriaeh, crosses the 
waterihed between the Heller and the Dill near WUrfersdorf, and 
tlireadi its way tbrongh the Hiekengrund. 69</3 M. Uleder-Dreiieln- 
dorf; 74 M. Haiger. The line next enters the i>iUthaL 

77M. DUIonbiir(t[765fl.-, Biraeh; Schwan; Ourftou., R.l'/j-2 
D. l»/t, pens.4i/2-&3/i^), a picturesque town of 4(300 Inbab., with 
Iron mines, a mining school, and a statue of BUmarck (1898). The 
Wilhelmi-lhurni, 130 ft, high, was erected Sn 1872-76 on the site of 
the mined castle of Dillenburg, in which Wiltiam of Oraage, the 
liberator of the Netherlands, waa bom in 1533 (adm.30pf.). Ad- 
jaoeot la the Willulmi-Lmde , a lime-tree under which William 
received the Netherlandish ambassadars in 1568. 

A BaiKOR RiTLWAi auesdi Om DUulMi-nal to (lOM .) BiratM-EbtritoA, 
whence Ibe Wilbslmi-Warte un the SaM»tirg |</i HJ may be vlilted. 

line to HoTitntod and Nleder- Walgirn. — 86 M. Sinn. On a hill tc 
Ibe right is the ruin of Qreifemlein. Beyond (89Vs M.) Ehringi' 

to Frankfort, NAUHEIM, 8. RouU. 07 

hmisen the line enters the valley of the Latin, and ntiites with the 
NusoTtan K&ilway (from Lahnstein to WetzUi ; R. 27). 

9&Va M. Wetelar, see p. 320. — The lioe now sBeends the 
smiling iaHbj of the Lahi. Beyoad (^100 H.) Dtitenhofen the ttiiu» 
of QUiberg and Vetibttg are seen on the left. 

103l/iM. QitMta COrosihtTtog von EeiKn, 'KuKne, Victoria, 
SchiiU, near the staMon ; Einftom; Rappe; Print Carl; Bail. 
BtitavTont), situated on the Laho, la mainly of modem ori^n, and 
contains 26,000 inhabitants. It is the seat of a unirerslty, founded 
in 1607, which ia attended by about 760 students. 

lOgi/s M. Langgona. About 3 M. to the left of (114 M.) Butt- 
bach liae the coneideiahle ruins of the castle of M&nxeitberg, de- 
stioyed In the Thirty Tears' War. The higher (154 ft.) of its two 
towers commands an extensive 'view. 

120 H. HkSlieim. — Hr>tel>. -EtuuHOF,B.I>om4,B.ii/,,D.3>/?^{ 
'BusTOi,) 'AnansTa Viotobi^ R. 3'/? -6, B. 1, pana. 8-14 Jli Ga. HStel 
InrauaL, pena. from 7i/i Jl^ 'Pike HOTn.: Cdbiai,!,, pani. 6i/s-16 Jli 
BiLUTDii EStct, Dt L'£uBoPE, puu, S-u Jt; USt. dd Koid, pens. 
e-lD Jl; H6t. Da Lokdbib, pane, from 7 Jl; KaiCHBHor, pens. &-9 J. — 
PaHaioHB: SvlmdU 16-12 Jt), Lmqtiorf, Fidoria, etc. — II it adTiaable 
not to aniYe late in tb« eveDlne, ai (be bolsls are oRsd rail during 
the iwaoD. 

Bait>Biuitii. At the hotelii 

yiiitsn' lu for a (taj of n 
18^, each additional member o 

Oaba. Per drive, ona-borsB, 1-3 pen. 60 pf., 3-1 peri. SOpt.i I 
80 pr. 01 iJI. Per hour: 2 Jl BO, SjrtO, S^tOpf., or 6 Jl. 

NaoAeim(i£Ott.'), a small town of 4700 inhab., pleasantly 
sitosted on the U.S. slope of the Taanus Mts. (p. 240), with regular 
streets, shady sTennes, and pleasuTe-grannds, is a fsToarite water- 
ing-place, Tlsited by 22,000 guests annasUy. The warn saline 
springs, which are strongly impregnated with carbonic add gas, 
have been hnowa for centuries, but did not begin to attract visitors 
nntil abont 1840. They are particularly efflcacious against heart- 
disease and rfieumatism. Extensive evaporatlng-honses and salt- 
pani. Thewateri of the Ffiedricft-Witteimi-Spmdei (95° Fahr.), 
the Ortifit Sprudet(90'), and the Kleine Sprudel (M^) sre used 
for the baths, whieh are admirably fitted up. The Curtrunnen, 
CarUquelU (somewhat resembling the Rakoczy of Klssingen), and 
Ludwigs^elle (alliallDe) are drinking-springs. Adjoining the 
Trinkhalle, at the E. end of the town, are several greenhouses. At 
the foot of the Johant^^erg, abont l/j M. from the station, ia the 
handBome Ourhaui, with elegant rooms and a flue terrace over- 
looking tbe extensive grounds. 

The train sklrtt the Qradirhiaser ('evaporatlng-honses'), crosses 
a lofty vlsdact, and reaches — 

122 M. Frtadberg (fifltct IVapji,- Rtstaurant FctsenktUtr, with 
view), with 6900 inhab., once a free Imperial town. Tbe Pro- 
testant IMbfrauen-Kirdte is an interesting Gothic structure, built 

■e than G days, 1 pars. 12 J, 2 vet: 
. family 3 ^ 

60 Boul«9. 30HWABZ-RHEIND0EF. 

In 1290-1350, wit}) toirers dating from tlic I5th century. See 
Baedeker't NorAem Qtrmany, 

125 M. BachiMhnukeni 127 M. Nieder-WolUtadt. To the rigfat 
rise the Taanas Mts. 130 M. Orait-Karben ; 132 M. Oortelweii; 
1341/jM. 7i»e[, near vhich the IVfildii is croiBed; ISTM.Sonomu, 
station forHomburg (p. 241); iil H. Bockttihtim, vith > buidsome 
cllmch. Urge btnscks, and am ancient watch-tower. 

143 M.^Trankfort, tee p. 221. 

9. The Shine £roin Colore to Coblenz. 

St»*iibo.t (80 M.) in 7-8 hn. (down l'/,-6hri.)i fsres 4 JlTO. SuT 80 pf. 
nari at HaiienbDrg, Wcsh!Iu|, Bodd. Qodeeb ij, KoDlgiwinter, Eolnnds- 

cuiel, Cikel,' NiBder-Bnitii, Brobl, eU. ~ 'cabs, etc., a( Golaine, tee 
p. 28. — EiiLWAT {B7 M.), aee E. !0. 

In the following routea r. and 1. indicatt the position of towu, and 
other objecta, with regard to the traTelter aicending the riTer. The Left 
Rhenish and Eight Bhenlsh nllwaTS, howBTer, are named after the left 
(W.) and right (E.) banki respecHTeiT with regard to the traTSiler de- 
scending the river. 

Soon after the steamer has qnitted the msjeetlfi olty of Cologne, 
with its cathedral, numeToos towen, and lofty bridge, the oh&teau 
of ScnaAerif (p. 26), on an emtneDM 9 H. to the N.E., oomea in 
sight. To tbe Tight iiMarimburg-BaymthaH^lei; Bfitel-Reitamant 
Mailenburg, with eitenslTS grounds), a residential anbnrb of Co- 
logne (p. 28). Several small-boat stations notr follow: L Port; 
r. SHrthf r. Wtacling, with a pier, the station for Briilil (p. 80); L 
L&Udorf; I. Widdig; L Mondorf. The express steamete pass all 
these withoQt stopping' Opposite the island of Qraupenwerth, at 
the mouth of the Sieg , on the left, lies Grav-Rheindorf. On the 
hillside, farther inland, rises the suppressed Benedictine abbey of 
Siegburg (p. 65> 

On the left we eoou perceive the church of Bohwmn-Bh«indor^ 
a curious structure, consisting of two stories, eonsediated in 1151 
by Archbishop Arnold of Wied, who Is buried here (d. 1156). It is 
about 1'/: M. to the N. of Baul (p. 90). 

The church was erected in the form of a Creek cross, with a dome 
over the croselDg and a semicircular K. apee, but a long nave was very 
soon added on the W, Beneath the dome is an ocLBgonal apertare between 
the iloriee, 10 ft. in dlameCcT, so that the inmates of a nnnnerj, with which 
>he church nu in fmoiediate connection, could in the upper alor; hear 
the ccrriee vrithout being viiible to the congregation in the lower slory. 
Intereilicg mural pelntinga of the 12th cent, were discovered in Ihe lower 

or inspeetion, especially the remarkably elegant miniature gallery n^bl^ 
runs Tonnd the upper part of the church on the B. aide. Among other 
peeullaritlet. it shows traces of Lombard inflnence. It haa been freqaentl; 
imitated in Ehenish ehurchea. The church is being restored. 

To the right we next obserre the Jttuitathof, and then the 
WicheU\of (p. ^'). Before calling at Bonn, the steamboat paaiea 
under the handsome new Rhine bridge. 

c. Google 

70 Boutt 9. KOLANDSECK. fron. Colostu 

Bs>t to SannenwitUi and busk l</i Ji KhflBdoif 2, thus uid bick 
1 Jl I EanleBWintar 21,% A V^ J. Ftnt lo Honnef A pf. 

BabinibcGJc (t>U. stit., see p. 79), which lies M the foot of the 
flrat coosldentile height* on theW. bank at theKhlne, U one ot the 
■DOst bemtiful and freqaented spot! on the liver, and is surrounded 
with Dameions vUIaa, chiefly belonging to wealthy merchants from 
theLowei Rhine, and exteniUng along Uie vooded elopes at the back 
of the village. Leaving the station 'by the public grounds, ire folloir 
the road Uong the rivei as fat as the Hfitel Boland and than as- 
cend the narrow path, leaving the hotel to the lert, cross the rail- 
way, and, passing ■ shell-gratto ('Bolandsbom'] and following 
the ibadeless bridle-path past a pavilion oa the hill, airive in 
15-20 min. at the Bolandibogm, or *Boluid Aroh (500 ft. above 
the sea; rfoits.), the last relio of the Ctutle of Rolandseck, perched 
onabssaltic rock, 344ft. above the Rhine. The *View hence, wMeh 
is best by evenlng-ligbt, is less extensive than that from the 
Dtsohenfets, but more picturesque, as It embraces the Seven Hta. 

Tha casus la said to bavs been built by tbs kolgbi Koland, the paladin 

cal mentlon^f' It ii in a daounent of 1<U0 or lOU, wfaera'it is called 
RuUlieuct; the conient on the iiland vai named JtulrJiHmrlli. In 1120 

Daed by CbsTlemagne lo the crusade. Tim* 
lldeguDde await his return. But tad ramonn 
~ bv tbeliaDds of tbe In- 

ge in tbe 'Kloitar' in th* 

unded. Although deiperatel}' wounded, he recor- 
Ihe halle of Dracbenburg to claim his bride; bat 
d back by bar roadly'remembered smile, ha found 

beart-rending intelllnnce that his beloved Hlldegunde nu no more. From 

hii wretched existence, but bis heart was broken, and one morning he «w 
found rigid and lifeless, his glassy eye still turned towards the conient 

The modern Totncr on the top of the hill, "/j M. to the W. of the 
ruin, affords a wider prospect (on Snn. the cuatodiui is generally at 
the tower; 25-50 pt.). — About 5 min. farther on, on the summit 
of the Boderbtrg, is the Stilaurant AlUr Vulcan, affording a fins 
view of the Seven Hts. The Boderbeig is an estinot volcano, tb(*. 
margin of «l,ich may still be In th.- hollow, to lhi> W, of 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 


lo CobUnt. , REMAGEN. ». fiou«, 71 

the leBUannt, lie« the BrucUo/' (hence to the Hehlem i^lvay- 
Bt>tion,p.79, 40min.). 

T. OfteruintcT (Bheln - Hfitel ; Post; Loosen). The letrospect 
henoe is one of the anestontheRhine. KoUndseck,and theDrachen- 
felB with its castle, the cliffs of the Wolkenburg, and the whole of 
the peiks of the Seven MtB. , upwards of thirty in numbai, form a 
picture of incomparable Iwaaty, while the lovely island of Nonnen- 
werth and the grand river Itself constitute the foreground. On the 
light bulk ts the flattened aummit ot theLowenbutg, with its rniu. 
The isolated cone to the extreme right Is the Bemmerich. 

1. KheinhnithMh (*aouIh, vith garden^ BiitMiTdihaehtt Hof 
pens. 3t/2'4 JT), a favourite summer-rcBoit, lies at the entrance 10 
a wide valley, which extends from the Rhine to the Seven Monntslns 
fcomp. pp. 82, 83). Fine view from the (»/* M.) Rtllig, a hill sur- 
mounted with a ciosB. The ancient copper and lead mlaei on the 
Vlmthetg are no longer worked. A cable line, nearly 4 M. in length, 
connects the basalt quarries on the Atbtrg with the Rhine. 

1. -Dnkel ('Seftuta, R. 2-2Va, B. 1, D. from 1 '/a, pens. 3Vs-6 M, 
good wine, with gardeu and view-terrace) is a prosperous village, a 
favourite resort in summer and autumn (rail, stat., see p. 83). On 
the hill is a pavilion, affording a beautiful view. 

Between Unkel and Remagen the Rhine describes a wide curve. 
Of the numerous country- ho uses situated on both banks of the river, 
the most conepicuoQB is the chateau of Marleafelt, '/j M. below the 

r. Semagen. — Hotoli. 'U^tsl FfiasTiNBEBo, on the ahine, witii 

— RBEiV-HaTii.. on the Bhins, n«l door to tfae Fuintgn^erg Hotel, B. 
2-4, B. 1, D. Vlt, pens. 5-8 A; ixm, also on tho Rhine, E. « B. S'/i, 
pena. B Jl^ HomsEH, at Ibe upper end of (be town, R. A B. 2</i-3. D. from 
I'A, pen.. 6-6 JT, weU spoVen of; Bop vns Hoi-lasb. also in Ibe principal 
streel B, S-aVi. B 'U, D. from IVi, pens. 41/. Jl; D.UTSCHaa K*«ee, 
a. £ B. 2^/rajl, WasTFiiraoHBB Hor, at lliB rail-aj-ttatlon. — HfliiL 
ViotonraBKBG (R. & B. a-t. pens. i-S'/i JO "nd HdXEL ApoLLiHAMBBBan 
(K. £ B. 2-2'/,, pent. 1 Jt), both at the Inwsr end of the town, well ipoken 
ot. — HaiBt WiLDBDBo , On the Viotoria-Be^ fsee p. ta), E. t B. V5"/t, 
pen.. 11^ Jl. 

OaiTiaas*. To the ApoainaHi-Kinhe, one-borM 1 ^ 2G, (wo-hnrae 
1 ^ SO p(. : to Ralawliecl! 1 or 6 ^, there and bacK 7 Jl or 10 Ul BO pf. ; tr 
AlUnaUr 10 .J or 13 Jf W pf.. there and back 13 or 16 Jl; Laachtr Stt 
and back 11 ^ SO pf. or IS J, vii Andernacli 18 or 2Q Jl. 

Remagtn (rail, etat., p. 79), a email town with 3500 inhab., 
situated 13 M. above Bonn and 24 M. below Coblenz, is an ex- 
cellent itatting-polnt for excursions. It la mentioned as Bigomagiis 
in the Peutingei map of Roman roads (p. tiiv). Remagen was a 
place of soma importance in the middle ages, but declined after the 
Thirty Tears' War. It once belonged, lite Slnzig, to the doohy ot 
J&lich ; in 1624 it came Into the posseasion of Pfalz-Neuburg. 

At the lower end of the (own is the Roman Catholic djwch, 
»ilh a Romanesque nave and a Gothic choir, consecrated tn 1241i. 

72 Route 9. KEHIQEN. From Cotognt 

Id the iuMrior «re ■ bandgoiuB Gothle Uberoacle and teieial aeulp- 
turei of tbe 15th century. The Romaaesqua Porial adjolutng the 
Romaa Gitbolle puEonage, adorned tilth grotesque aculptares of the 
12th oaQt., 1b worthy of inspeetioD. Whether it origloUlyheloDged 
to a pUaceor a church u unknown. — At tbe upper end ot the town 
iB ■ new ProUtlaat Ontrch, In the Gothir, style. — The heid-offlce 
of the Apollinarii Company Limited (f, 98) ia situated on the bank 
of the Rhine. 

A road to the right near the Protestant church ciosBes the rail- 
way and tbe htghroad and ascends through a honow bordered by 
shady footpaths to tbe (20 min.) top of the Vietoiin-Berg, with 
pleasant promenades, benches, sad seversl points of view (HBleli 
SettauToatt 'Waldbarg, Eremitagt, Hofreiden, Ahrplaite), command- 
ing a charming and varied prospect, best by evening- light. In tbe 
foreground is the ApoUinaris-Kircbe, by which we may retom to 
the town. 

Immediately below Remageu a road, diverging to the left from 
the highroad, ascends the steep clay-alste hill to the elegant Qothic 
toar-lowered ■ApoUinarU-Eirclie, erected in 1839 by Zuimer, the 
late eminent architect of Cologne Cathedral fp. 34], at the expense 
of Count FQcaienberg- Stammhaim (d. 1859). This little cburch 
occupies the site of an ancient and much- frequented, pilgrimage- 
shrine. In 1164 Frederick Barbarossa is said to have presented 
the head of the highly-revered St. ApoltiaaTls, Bishop of Ravenna, 
to Arcbbisbop Reinald von Dassel ot Cologne, who was in the aot 
of conveying It to Cologne, together with tbe relics of the Magi 
fp. 37), when by some miraculons agency tbe vessel stopped in the 
middle of tbe river here, and refused to proceed until the head of 
the holy man had been safely deposited In a chapel on the ApolM- 

The cburch 19 open daily frdin T a.m. to 8 p.m., oaSnn, and hoMdiyn 
afler 10 a.m. (admiasioD, 30 pf.J. The Inlerior was adorned in lBi3-61 by 
Ihe DBHelilorf artliti Emit Digr (d. IseC), Karl Mann- (d. 1B96}, AndrtBi 
Miuler (d. 1890), and Fr. lUabatk (d. 18T9) willi »a large •frucnu of 
flcena from the lives oC Ibe Saviogi, Ihe Virgin, and St. ApDlIinaria 
Itrmaepl). — The Carn oontaina tho bnlj head, io a saroophipia of tbe 
14th cent. ; the recumbent firure of (he eaiot ia mociern. In the adjuintng 
cbapel u a painted cruciAi caned In Ihe Ifilh cent. (aiDTeBilDn nf hce 
Aiders with tl 


ciscans residing near the ohuicb (wide view). — Just before turning 
to the light to reach the church we pass a finger-post Indicating the 
way to the top of the Victoria-Berg (see above ; after 5 min. ascend 
to the right), which Is reached hence in 20-25 minutes. [From the 
Victoria-Berg we may go on by the Landskron (p. 97) to Neuenahr 
(p. 98), awaltof2i/iihra.] 

Railanf from Bcmagta U> Adman, eee p. 97. 

Opposite Remagen, near Erpel (rail, stat.; Weinberg, with ve- 
randa, R. & B. 2, D. li/i-l'/a Jf), rises the Erptler Ui (666 ft. 

la CobUtn. LINZ, 9. Route. 73 

above the ees, 602 (t. above the Rhine), a bualtio nliff, the colamns 
of irhioh ue thicker than those of tha Minderberg and DaRenberg 
fsee belon); flae liev from the top (ascent fiom the W. aide, in 
25 mln.). Aboie Erpel are (L) Kaabach, at the moutb of the brook 
of that Danie, and Linthauien (Hfitel WeinBtock), the latter com- 
manded b; the ivy-elad ruins of Ockenfelt. 

1, Lini (rail. gUt. ; 'WelnstoeJc, B. & B. fiom V/^, D. 2, pens, 
from 4'/^ •^i *EtiropaacheT Bof, similar charges, these two with' 
gardeni on the Rhine; SaisautT Hof, B. I'/s-^ Ul, V. i Jl TO pf.; 
Deutseher Kaiser; Qoldme JVauic Stilaurani), an anclant town with 
3600 Inhab. , ts still partly surrounded by walls and towers. The 
Romanesque Church of St. Varlin, dating from the early part of the 
13th cent., with a Gothic spire and other Gothic additions of the 
16th cent., contains a little fine stained glass and a cringed picture 
of the old Cologne school (1463). This picture and the old frescoes 
were restored in 1850. The exterior bas been disOguredby a coating 
of red. — Fine riew from the Donatuibtrg, or Kaiatrbtrg, which ie 
crowned with a chapel and Stations of the Cross. The cnTirons of 
Linz yield good red wine. 

Tbe aiteDsiTG Bualt ftaaniM uf DalUnberg Lud tbe Xindt^im nur 
I,ini deacrve inspectlgn, eapecisUj the latter. The tosd to Iho MisDER. 
KBao (about I'/jbr.) aecsnds ihE valley to the E., DBBt the SiimerhaiU, 
then to lh« left, where the qaarr; soon eomei Into view. It Is a spaciouii 
hall of beaatifnl blaek prisiDalic culumns of banlt, iqaare or heu«anal 
In form, gone of tbem uprleht, others heaped toEetber In confused maues, 
each S-lO la, in diameter, and aometimes 20 ft. In lenetb. When struck 
tbCT produce a clear metallic ring. Tbe -View from the beiebt above 
thig quairv (1420 ft. above tbe sea. 1256 ft. above the Kbine) la very Aas. 
Thel[avelJerahDnldrelnmTil,o;tfanA«-r andfJuftacA to Erpel (IV'-lvtbr.); 
■t tbe month of tbe Kajbach valley Ibere is a tramway fur tbe iranaport 
of the atone from the bill down to tbe Bbioe. 

The columnt in tbe quarry of Dattehbeec, iltuated in a aide-valley 
about li/t M. above Lioi, are as high u tboae of lie Minderberg, but 
■Ducb thicker. Tbeae basalts are tbiefly eiporled to tbe LuwBr Ohine 

r. Kripp, a gmall village on the Rhine, connected trith Linz by 
a floating bridge. 

Between Remagen and Nieder - Breisig the Rhine describes a 
curve which the railway and road cut ofF. The tteantiful church of 
(r.) Sknig (p. 79, on the railway, li/a M. from the river) is visible 
from the steamboat. Behind rises the Landskron Cp. 97). 

We now page (r.) the mouth of the Ahr (p. 97), The cbaich 
tower of Daltaiberg (see above) is neit seen peeping from a ravine 
on the left. On the same bank lie Leubadorf w)th the Saatkof, 
a small building with four turrets, anciently a lOyal ebatean, and 

On the left we neit observe tbe chSteau of ArenteU, ereclod by 
Henry of Isenburg, and named by him after hia wife, a Countess 
of Ate. It is now the property of Count Westerholt, by whom it was 
handsomely restored under the directions o( Zwirner (p. 72 ; open 
to vUitots on Wed.). — The MMergfkopf l_i290 ft, ; t'/a i"- f'""' 

74 Boute 9. KHBINECK. From Cologne 

HBnnlngen^ li crowoed with • orosa commemaTftting the it» of 
1870'71, ^nd commBDda an exteneive prospect. 

I. HSiuui^ui(nil, sUt; H6t. SehloM Aratfeli, R.2,pem.4^), 
at the foot of the ArenfeiG, > villaga with 2800 iahibltanta. la the 
violaitf a atrong mineral spring (the St. HubeituB-Spradel} iru 
tapped in 1894. 

r. ITiedec-Ereiilg (Btndtr ; Weiiita Ran), with 1900 inhah. and 
many pleasant villas. Near the S. end of the TlUage staods part of 
the Tempelkof, an old Templars' Lodge. Abeot 1% M. higher up, 
a path ascends the wooded hill to the — 

r. ChhtesQ at Bheineek, erected In 1832 by Hen von Beth- 
mann-Hollweg (d. 1877) from the plans of Lasanlx and decoTated 
with works of art (frescoes by Steinle, etc.). The square tower, 
65 ft. In height, on the S. side, is the only relio of the old castle, 
erected in the 12t)i cent., which was destroyed by the French In 
1689, and by the troops of the Electorate of Cologne in 1692, and 
Anally buitied in 1785. The knights of the castle became eitinet 
in 1548. Fine view ftom the garden. 

The nnitooeA, at iba toot of the liU, was the ancient AM<tm and 

a; it still ii/ft belween ihe Ultldlg and Lower kheniah dialects. On its' 
8. bank lie! the liamlel of I*alBluiaecl:. 

The hills on the left bank recede from the river. In the fertile 
plain at their foot lies BheinbroU ( rail, stat.), a village with 1900 in- 
hab. and two modern churches. — About 1 H. to the N.E. is Arltn- 
heller (Corhaus JSgerhans, S. & B. 21/:, pens, from b J(), with a 
mineral spring discovered in 1897. 

On the right, the JiroUbaek falU ioto the Rhine at Brohl(Jlfitlitr, 
R. IVi-l'A, B- 'A, D. I'/a. pens- ^'/a •*; »'so railway -station), > 
village with a new Gothic <ji»rch, which lies on the hill-slope and 
in the valley, and is the chief dep&t for the tuffstone quarried In the 
Brohlthal. — Excursion through the BroMthal to Loach, see p. 103. 

1. NitdeT-Hammertlein (Zwick, well spoken of), yielding good 
wine ; then Ober-Hammtriteln, above which rises a massive rook of 
graunacke, crowned with therDinofHMumenteiiu Emp. Henry lY. 
resided in this castle for some time in 1106 when persecuted b; his 
BOD Henry V., and here he kept the imperial insignia till their re- 
moval by his usurping successor. During the Thirty Yeus' War the 
castle was successively occupied by Swedes, Spaniards, troops of 
Cologne, and soldiers of Lorraine, and it was at length destroyed In 
1660 on the Instigation of the Archbishop of Cologne. 

On the beighla, 1 M. lo the E. of the Bhine, the course of the P/aJtl- 

attacka of the OermaDlc trihei, is distinctly traceable, and may ha followed 
from Konrepos (p. T7> ta far as me Seven Uta. (uimp. p. "M). 

Above (r.) Fomich rises the FomicherKopf (1040 ft.), an extinct 
volcano commanding a wide prospect (atcent from Brohl in 1 hi.). 

r. Namtdy, at some dialance (torn the river, possesses a smalt 

to Cobltn%. ANDEKMACU. 9. Rovte. 75 

Qothio ibbey-diuioh of tbe 14th cent., bieeoted by >iow of slender 
colamna, and vt old mutsiOD of the knights of Namedy, now tims- 
fonned iuto ■ oh&t«aii. On the left liee the luge TUIsge (1500 in- 
h>b.) of IiVlXilioxt(Ldwtnburg, B, 2-3, pens, from 5 JK, very fair; 
also lall. Btat.], behind which ace Tioeyaidj planted among the rooks. 
Below la an old Gothic cbuTCb. 

On the right rises the wooded. Srahnenbtrg (p. 76), beyond 
which the mouDtaiDB eonflnlng the rivei recede. 

I. Audnuaoh, — Betala. H.tcEBNBBDcu, on tbe Bbius. ullh liew, 
K. IVi-a'/i, B. i, D. 3, pens. 5-6 J(,- TlHiiNiacHiR Ho», a.a-2Vi, B. »/•, 
>. 11^, peni. 4-G Jl; ■ScHiriH, on the Schanicben. near tbe Klilne, at 

tbe lower end of the town, K. 3-b'/., B. •/•. ^- ^^S'/i 
opposite the nlsr, a. S-Si^, B. '/», D. li/i-2 jT. - H 
R. 1>M -*. »■ SO pf , D. !■/,, pen!, from 41/, J», 

,- . . , ,-, , 41/1 j», botb in Ibe Markt. — 

Krabnenbefg railway 10 pf. 

Andtmaeh, a small and ancieut town with 7900 Inhab., with 
narrow aueets, and still to a great extent surtonnded by its old walls, 
extends picturesquely along the bank of the river, above whiob rise 
eongptcuously the old bastion, tbe Rhelnthot, and the lofty tower 
at the lower end of tbe village, while the handsome parisb-obnreh 
with Its foar towers is visible in the background, Andernsch was 
the Roman Anttinnacum, or Antanaco, ooe of the Bfty forts of Dtii- 
BUS. Sabseqnently to the 6th cent, it is frequently mentioned as a 
royal Fiankish residence. In tbe middle ages it was an Imperial 
town, but was taken by the Electorate of Cologne in 1496 ; in 1666 
it was burned by tbe French. 

At the apper end of the tewn, near the Coblenzer Thor, from a 
deep fosse, rise the ruins of the once fortlAed Cattle of the Electors 
of Cologne, with its maaslTe towers, erected In the 15th cent., and 
destroyed by the French in 1688. — The RathJiaui. a late-Gotbic 
building of 1564, contains a few Roman and Frankisb antiquities, 
Including the so-called 'Jews' Bath', a cistern 43 ft. deep, 16 ft. 
long, and 13 ft. broad. 

The lofty round Watch Tower on the Rhine, with an ocugonal 
story above, adorned with a frieze of pointed arches, was erected in 
1451-68 and restored in 1880. The wide breach on the W. side was 
made by the French cannonade in 1688. A little farther on is the 
spot wbeie the lava mlilstones, tufa, trass, and other volcanic pro- 
ducts of tbe neigbbourbood are shipped. 

The ^ri<tA Church, dedicated to St. Genoveta, with its four 
lowerg and ricbiy-deoorated portals, is a fine late- Romanesque edifice 
(1206), without a transept. Tbe still earlier choir, around which 
runs a gallery of small columns, dates from 1120. 

Over the Melea are gallailea, reached hy steps cot tn the thickness 
of Iha wall, with ele^aat areadea in front. On the vaoltlng of the nave 

"" " - .- and of Hermann rV. , Arcb- 

ISae. erred wooden polpK 

76 Koute 9. NEUWJED. From Cologne 

Tbe foot of (he KimtanenberK mty be reiehed in abont 10 inln. 
either from the ststion (tain to the left after puling a&dw the 
railway, then to the left again), or (rom the Khine (tH the Klich- 
Stiasae at the lower end of tiia Cdwd and past (he choir of the 
pariah church). The ascent (1/4 hr.) is lomewhat steep (cable rail- 
nay, leturn-fare 50 pf.]. At the top are the leitauranta JTmJMen- 
burg and Kaiierbuig, which command beantifnl viewe (best in the 

Near tbe village of Mich, on the E. hank, the WUdbach falle 
into the Rhine. The hill rising on tbe W. hank, a little inland, is 
the PlaidUr Hmtmerich (690 ft.). 

I. ITenwied (rail. stat.}. — SaMb. *W[Li>ia Misii, K. 2, B. 1, D. 31^, 
S. 11/, Jl; Assit, both on the EMne; •Moa»7iiii Horai, (leqneiitfid bj 
EngUsh tnvrUen. with reiUaraDt, K. P/.-aVi Jt, B, 80 pt„ D. 2'/^ p»u. 
VIf'j'Ii Jl; SraLTiHE, theu two tn Ihe lown; BAmuofu-HaTii,, very frii; 
HiDiB. at Ihe BlaCioa of Ibe righl bank, R. * B. 2-2Vt Jl- 

A FloaUite Btidgt pf.) and a SUim ftrrj (a pf.) mwatiin commnni- 
catioD belwean the tno £a^. 

iV<uui(iJ, a pleasant and thriving town, with broad, well-built 
streets, was fonnded in 1653, on the eite of the litlige of Langen- 
dorf, which had been destroyed in the Thirty Years' War, by Coont 
Frederick of Wied, who Invited numerous settlers, withont digtlno- 
tion of religion ai payment of money. Under hla auspices the town 
rapidly increased. The population (11,000) consists of Protestants, 
Roman Catholics (3800), Moravian Brothers, Baptists, and Jews, 
who have lived together here in great harmony since that period. 
Starch, chicory, tohacca, and cigars are the principal produeta. The 
schools of Nennled enjoy a high reputation, and are attended b; 
pupils from England as well as from all parts ofQermany. 

At the lower end of tbe town rises the spaclons Palace of the 
Prince of Wied, with Its Qne Part. A building near the palace 
gate, adjoining the street, contains a small CaiitelUra of Soman 
Antiifiiitiet, from Niederbiber (see below). 

Tbs Moraviaa Bratboa, liso uUed Sermiiittr from Uermbat in 

from Momvia during tha Tbiity lean' W^r, occupy a Hpuata part of 
the town. They ware originBlIy followars ofJobaUou, and tbelrnDmbei 
ia>:r«ased anormauily &rter bis death. Tbe; now form a kind of rellaioas 
republic, having tbeir own laws both for pabJic and private life, lAlcb 

and babits hai Eained for Ibem tha appeUaUun of tbs Quaken of Oenuany. 
Tbe unmarried brethren live in a separata buiiding, and earn on different 
trades, tbe profits of wbleh are devoted to the communit]'. Vsjtma stoves 
and deerskin gloves are their best manafactuFei. At stated ieaunu 'love 

sermDn, and lea-drinking. Their schools are well attended and In fal'gb 

from Heiiwied a tJtBaH Tkahwai ascends the vaUey of the IT'Af, vii 
Hcdicrtdorf and tbe SaueltMa Foiutdrf, to (2i/i U.) NititrbOtr, tha cbntcb 
of which contains the tomb of Archbishop Count Bennann van Wied 

iQHYslions have Bgnio been eovered in (comp. 
tj ascends Ihe Taller of the ^uhwA to (t<h MO 
, at Ilie mouth of the WelltarTt. In Ihe valley 
im Obertjhtr, Is the Brmmibtri/ir ffo/, with a 
at and a plctnreique ruined cuUe. — From 
.a la d'h H.) the hlgh-liloe village of Sme-lorf 

to the 


»e aesendorf, 



1 ffra ft. abo.» 
icauUful nark 

at Ihe'/raAnAW. to lie 

cinitjr an 

1 thedOmin.) 

ithi A 

eiceod from the latter 



Main Foosdry (p. 76! > 

In SOmiD. to Altwled rAirtifi Inn, where 
ancient Couobi of Wied. ' ""' 

Immediately aboTe Neuided, on the left, are the HcrmannM- 
hUtlt, the pTopeitjr of the Empp Cu, of Eesen (p. 62], and the 
Otrmania fonodi;. On the opposite hank are the railway-station of 
fituvUd-Wetitenthurm (p. 78J and the Tillage of — 

r. WefHrnthnnn, at the N. end of which rieee a lofty square 
vstch-tower (1370), the flitrame point of the dominions of the 
Eleoton of Ti^Tes, Tibich here adjoined those of Cologne. AhoTc 
the Tillage stands an obelisk erected by the 'Bambre and Meoee 
army' to the French general Hocht. who died at Wetilar in 1797. 

T, Urtnili, 3/f M. from the railway-station of that name. 

Un hotb banks of the rlTer here li dug \ip a peculiar kind of pumice 

"" " ares, mined with mortar, 

iterial for iniiile wbIId. — 

othunn and Drraiu. The 

II ii cut Into >q 

id as a building n 

The qnarrying operatinni led 

in 1898 lo Ihe dis 

e, between VTeitf 

sue nearer (he riTer- upward 

, of 400 j-d». in ci 

defligned to protect the bridge conslrui 
piled were aiao found in dredging the 

by Jnllui istitr. Brldge- 

l. Xngeri (Zur Rdmerbriidte ; Beitaurant Schunkerl, on the 
Bhinej HStci-Sestawant Ftegel, at the tallway-BUtion), formerly 
Kunotlcfn-Enirtrs, the ancient capital of the Enfrerjfou. The chateau, 
nov a military school, was erected in 1758 by Elector Jobann 
Phlllpp Ton %Valderdotf. — Then, on the opposite bank, Kaltm- 
Ungeri and St, Stbaitian Enteri. 

Near (1.) Uiihlhoftn, where the Saynbach falls into the Khinc, 
are sarer*! foundrlei. On the river 1« the bydiopathio of Rhtinau 
(B. horn % pens. 6 Jf). On a hill in the backgronnd of the Ttlley 
rites the mined castle of Sayn (p. 83), 

1. Bitidorf(ttSI. Stat., p. S4], at some distance from the river; 
farther op (r.), the Tillage of TeaielAetm, opposite the Niedtnuerth, 
whioh ODDMals the town of (I.) Vallendar (p. 84] and the village of 
MaUtndar with the chateau of Btiselieh (formerly belonging M the 
Knighti Templar, now prlTate property). '^ 

78 Route 10. WEISSENTHTJKM. From Cohlent 

On the long island ot (l,} NUdemtTth is a rilUge,JwUh ■ fionvBiit 
church built In 1500, containing a eaned altar and fragments of 
good stained glaia. Edward III. of^ngUnd resided here for s shott 
time in 1337, and had ssTerat interviews with ths Bmp. Lewis and 
other princes. 

1. Urbar (p. 112), high np on the hillside, lorrounded vlth 

r, WaIZfl'3h«im, above it if<u«ndor/',ehieaylDhBMtedbj'iaftsmen. 

The stetuuboat now passes the base of Ehrenbreitstein , opposite 
the inBni of the Moselle, oommandlng an excellent vteii of the 
imposing Emp. Williani Monument, and stops at Cobleni (p. 105). 

10. From Coblenz to Cologne. 

Ballw^ on tin Left Bank. 
Comp. JfopJ, pp^ 70, SS. 
li/rShn. (faru SJW, BJIIO, tjtao, acTJTSOk 
'":v of the Rhloa on tbe right. - Raflwaj Dn the 

hetber holding Bingle or retum-tlcketi, are euUtled to 

bridge GO, 30, 20 pF. additional), Xeamtd on the left [Welatenthiirm) and 
*«™(«d on the right bank, Andemacli and LtuUidorf, Broil and JlMii- 
briM, Nitdtr-Brtitig and BHimmgea, Binrig and I-mt. Brmagen and BrptI, 
fiolandMct and Simn^, Mthltm and KUniftuvUtr , QadtAtrg and Obtr- 
cautt. Bom and itcuej, CBitgnt and Dcvti. 

CobUn%, see p. 105, As the train crosses the MoitlU a flew of 
the old Hoselle Bridge, with the Emp. William Monument and the 
fortress of Ehrenbreititein beyond It, la obtained to the right. At 
the toot of the fortified Petersberg (1.) Is a pyramidal monument in 
honooi of the French general Marceau (d. 1796 j comp. p. 108). 
The train now traveraes an extensive and fertile plain. At t^Vl "'O 
Urmitt are laige stores of the Engers stone mentioned at p. 77. 

8 M. WelHentborm-Henwiod (steamb. stat., see p. 77). The 
station Is i/j M. from tbe Bhine, across which communlcatloD is 
maintained by s steamer and a Sying bridge «ith the town on the 
opposite bank [p. 76). The train crosses the IVctle, paiaes the lunatic 
asylum of 81. Thomas (L) , a modem Gothic bnilding with a Ro- 
manesque chapel (12th cent.), and reaches — 

lO'/s M. Asdeinaeh [steamb. stat.), see p. 75. The station Is 
Vi M. to the 8.E. of the town. (Branch-line to Jtfayen, see p. 102.) 
Beyond Andemach the train sklits the Rhine and commands a fine 
view in both direotions (comp. p. 76). 

Opposite (15 M.) BtoU (Broblthal, etc., see R. 15) Is the church 
of Rhtinbrohl, The train pisses the foot of 5eUo>s Kheinedb and 
(15'/i M.) NiedtT-Btcuig (p. 74), opposite (t.) the ehitean of Arm- 
feU, and then cuts off the iride curve which the Rhine describe* 
between Niefler-Breisig and Kemagen, 

to Cologne, GODESBEBGI. 10. BoaU. 79 

2OV3 M. Sinsig (Oeutiehti Haui; Bheiniiclier Bof), probably the 
KomtD Sentiaeura, % veij aoeient tovo with 3000inh&b., still partly 
surrounded by w&Ub, liee at the eaCrance to the Akr VaUts Ifi. 14), 
1 1/3 U. fiom the Bhlne. It via once the Bite of a Fiaokish paltiie, 
afterwards an imperial residenoe, which latterly belonged to tbe 
Dnkea of Julieh. Pictuieaqnely sitnated on a alight eminence rises 
the handaome Parith Chttiek^ i>htch wai conaeciated In 1220, a fine 
example of the late-Romanetque style, the round arch predominat- 
ing, with Tery slightly projecting traniepts, aquaie tnirets at the 
■ides of tbe choir, three apaea, and an octagonal toner rising over 
the centie. The intarior has recently been reetoted and decorated. 
Tbe detaili of the oapitila and atring-conrsea repay eiamination. 
Tbe N. transept contains a good winged picture on a gold ground, 
represenUng tbe Ciadflxion and Aacenaion, and the Death of Mary, 
by an early Cologne maater, restored in 1855. At the foot of this 
eminence ia a tasteful Uttle Gothic OtSteau, built in 1858 by 
Statz of Cologne, the property of Hr. Bunge of Antwerp. On the 
Bdtnet^erg, to ibe S. of tbe town, rlsei another pleaaant country' 

The train now croasea the Insigniflcant Ahr, from tbe valley ^f 
wbich rises tbe blunted cone of tbe LandBliron (ji. 97). Thia 
district la extremely fertile, and ia called the 'Goldent Mtit'. 

23 M. Bemkgen [steamb. stat.) and the ApoUinatiS'KiTeht, see 
pp. 71, 72. This is the station for the Ahr Vailey railway (R. 11). 
The train returns to the riier here; fine retrospect, and farther on 
beautiful view of the opposite banli and the Seven Mountains 
(comp. p. 70). — 261/2 M. OberwlnUr (p- 71> 

27Vi M. Beluidaeck ^amb. atit. ; Rail. Ratatirant , with 
YBrandab and magnifloent "View, see p. 70). In the river lies the 
island of fionnenwtrth, a little below which rise the picturesque 
Draehenfelt and tbe Stven MU., ou the opposite banlc. 

The train now quita tbe river. 30t/s M, Kehlem, the nation 
for KdnisiwinteT on the right bank (p. 91). — On the DratiehieTg, 
to tbe left, is the new ChSteau uon dtr He^dt. Beyond it Is the 
park of ISUenmbe. 

32 M. Oodelberg. — Bstala. •Blinblkb, KBrnrsten-Slr., a large 
eitabllihmeiit, with garden, B. from 3, 1). 1, D. 3, p«sa. 9-12 JI; ■Adliu, 
Baopt-Str., R. S-e, B. i, D. from 2, pens, hoa 6 Jli BflTTiniiDL-H, at Ibe 
raUway-sAdOD, wbU ipuken of, B. blrb.S. 1, D. 2, pens. 6^. — Feuiom- 
JtmBittrg (from flj» per day), WOhtlma (fl-9.*), OiinlAs- (5-S ^ , ifa"i 
LbMemiein (S'M jf), Famllien-BeiM , in the Rheln-Allt^e. — HoleU at 
(>/l H.) KnngBdorf and tl PUttorsrturf, see p. E9. 

Tnaway to Bona and 10 MeUani, Bee p. 80, 

Xd[U(1i OhuToh Service in the Enaliili CAuHl in tbe Rhein-All^e 
(P- 80), 

Godtiberg, a town with 8900 inbsb., situated at the point where 
the valley of tbe Rhine begins to expand, ia a favourite summer- 
lesort, where wealthy merchants of Cologne, Elberfeld, and Cre- 

80 Rout* 10. bbOhl. 

feld have eiecled a number oC handsome villas, suirouDded by 
pleasant gtrdeng. The Hydropathie Esti^lithmeni, idioiniagBlinzl^i'a 
Hotel, is much trequented (8-14 difpeidajr). Thei)rai)c)ioiDraJ(icft, 
an alkaline chalybeate epring, sunk afceih in 1864, at the enttance 
to the small Gudenauer-Thai, at the foot ot the Dralschberg (p. 79), 
waa knovn to the Romnaa. A nell-appointed mineral water bath 
was opened in 1902. — A pleasant walk aaconda the Qudenaa 
Talley to the farm of Uarlenforat, whence paths traterse the woods 
to KatUnforat, To the N. of the mineial spring is a hill with a large 
Protestant Orphatiage. Adjacent is the *Wendelaladt'Hdhe, an ad- 
iiiirable point of view. — The fevonrite promenade is the Skein- 
AtUe, near the station, with the EngW/i Chapel. 

On a basaltic eminence (246 ft. ; 40O ft. abOTe the sea), '/a M. 
to the S. of the station, stands the mined Cutle of Oedesberg, 
which was bailt by the Atchbishops of Cologne in the I3-14th cent. 
and is said to ounnpy the site of a Soman fort. It was destroyed by 
the Bavarians In 1583. The partly restored 'palas' contains a good 
restaurant. Fine view from the platform of the tower (98 ft. high). 
The Ctmetery of the Tillage lies within the precincts of the castle. 
• On the right , as Bonn is approached , immediately after the 
train has crossed the Bonn and Coblenz road, is leen the Hoch- 
kreai, a Gothic column 30ft. high, erected in 1332-49 to a knight, 
who ia said to have fallen in a dnel at tbfs spot, and restored in 
1854. On the hill to the left is the Bosenburg (p. 90), and farther 
off the Kreuiberg (p. 89). To the right appears Bonn with Its oon- 
spicuous new Protestant cburcb and its lofty minster-tower, 

30 M. Bonn (ateamb. atat.), see p. 84; steam-ferry to Ober- 
eassel, see p. 81; railway to Euskirchen, see p. 302. 

To the W., at a little distance from the line, is a chain of low 
and paitly-wooded hills called the Vorgebirge or Viltc, on which 
numeiODS villages with orchards and country-houses are situated. 
The last vineyards In the land of the grape are now passed. Near 
(40 M.) iZo isdor/' rises a mineral spring resembling that of Selteis. 
— 44 M. StcMem. Before reaching — 

471/2*1. Brahl(Pati«ion,- Belvedere ; DeuUeher Kalter, opposite 
the paik-gates), a town with 6400 inhab., the train intersects the 
parkofBrilhl, passing the ch&teau ot FalkettUnt on the right, which 
was once a hunting-lodge of the electors, but la now private property, 
and stops opposite the royal *8ehlats BtvM. This handsome build- 
ing, erectedby Elector Clement Augustus in 1725-28 from the plans 
of J. G, Schlaun, and altered and elaborated in subsequent decades, 
was restored in 1842 and 1876-77. It offers classical eiamples of 
the French and German rococo style in all stages of its development. 
Admission from 10 (Sun. 11} to 6 (in winter 4), 25 pf. The garden 
and park are always open to the public. 

culpliiree acd iia(iitinf;a by 

ire of tl)*kiBd ti 


... - - W ihe eleBSol t*its 

wly French rococo period, u inierpreWd by LmiUtr (1128-31). 
lae UAIDSH WiKO illuatnUea OBrmoii rococo (u. ITM}. The ttitet con- 

50Va M. ffaUcieuren, juncUon for the EifelBallwiy (p. 202). Tbe 
CTOwded hoDses of Cologne soon come in sight. The tiain deicribes a 
curve round part of the town, »boTe whose r»mp»rtB tower the impOB- 
ing cathedral and other churches, passes the Cologne South Station 
and Weit Station (^. M), andentets the central gtstion at — 

57 M. ColD^na, see R. 3. 

11. From Cologne (Deahj to Ehrenbreitstein (Coblenz), 

SMIwsT oa the Biiht Bank. 
Cony>. Jfsju, fp. e», 70. 
A6 V. Bailhat in l>/i-3 hra. (CarES 1 Jl 90, B Jl 60, 3 .J TO pf., eiprcia 
8UI3a,ejliaijr30 pr.). — Vie»> to Iba right. — For relMm-tLckeU 
sod biBBk of jonmoy, oump. p. TS. 

From Cologne to (13 M.) TroiidoTf, see p. 6o. — 14 M, 
Friedrteh-Wllhelmi-Hiitlt, an extensive foundry. The train crosses 
the Sieg, and returns to the Rhine at (18 M.) B«ti«I, connected 
with Bonn b; the new Rhine bridge (p. 90]. 

20'/sM. ObercaM«l(Wol/'siurj, with veranda and garden, very 
Mi), a thtiving little town with an old churcb-towei and a ' 

t-faotory, lies on the Rhine amidst fruit-trees, and affords 
pleasant summer- quarters. Well 'Constructed walks lead to the 
St«jn£m«ndu)eh«n (^/t Id. from the station; flneTtew'], the qaairies 
of the BaberUei, Heiittrbach (p. 95; 2 M.), and other pictuiesqne 
points in the neighbourhood. Near the village of Kudinghofea, 2 M. 
from the station, rises the Enturt (618 ft.). Adjacent are extensive 
basalt quarries. — Obercassel is connected with the Left Khenlsh 
Railway at Bonn by a steam-fetry (p. 84). 

22'/^ M . Sollandorf is a good starting-point for exearsions among 
theSenenMts. The Btation(Restanrant lurWeintrauba) isatfftcder- 
Dollmdorf (Krone, pens. 4 Jt), on the Rhine, at Che month of the 
BdittiiaA ValUy, which is ascended by a steam -tramway, passing 
(lV*M.)06er-DDli(nifoT/'(Fremhgen'BRestaHr»nt); ii/^li. Beister- 
baeh (p. 96); Waldilalion, at the divergence of the route to the 
Margarethenhof (Oelberg, Lowenburg; comp. p. 94); 31/4M, HdiEcr- 
bachtrrolti and (4 H.) QTengelsbilit. 

23Vii M. ESiilgiwiiitBr (sleamb. stat. ; p. 91) is Che favourite 
starting-point (or exploring the Seoen Mtt. (R. 13). The station 
lleB at Che lower end of the town. 

The vaUoy of the Rhine now contracts. The train skirts the base 
of the Drachtnfel) and runs close to the river. 

Buoaiu-i Bhloe. Ititli Edit. 6 ' 

od Itoult 11. EONBEP. From Colognt 

1^ M. StLondOTf. — Hatda. DtiCHBtiFiLe, Beu,evdi, bolb on tha 
Rhine 1 -Woimbbomg, R. I'/i J», B. 60 pf., D. life pens, i JT. - Ptosioh 
Kt,Ki», E. aVs-3, 1). a-aVi. ?'«>. J'/t-SJI. - MtaiBKBin Hydbopj»hio, on 
tbe Eneipp syitem. — OHRisna lo R6Di(Bwinter snd Bonner, ate below. 

Rhondorf is a. pleasant summer- resort. In tbe little church la & 
welUpteserved tombstone, in trachyte from tbe Dru:haiifeU, of the 
IsBt knight or DiocbeufelB, with umoTiftl bearings and date 1&30, 
bToupbt hare from the abbey of Heisterbach. — From IthondoiT to 
the Liiffanburg, I'/i hr., sea p. 96; to tbe DracbenfeU 40 min., 
by a bildk-path vi& tbe Kanzd, and the SUgfrkdiklipptn, indlcsted 
by a finger-post on the LBwenborg road, mentioned at p. 96 ; to 
K6nigB«tnier I'/j M. 

27 M. Honntf. — HateU. -H6ibl Eleih, wilb garden and Tiev, 
E. Si/2-3, B. 1, D. 31/:, pens. 6-6 Ji Wiihstooic; Zdh SiBBEmigBiBOE, 
an pretending, with reslanTant, R. L'h-i, B. >/•, D. from H/s. pena. from 
J'/, Jli WasBt, R. from 3, B. 1, D. 2'h. pen., from 6 jl%% spoken 
of; ROdkbhsih, E. Vlr2, B. 1, D. V/„ pens. U. — Pantlu» (all eood)i 
ScholUn (BB jTperday), Ecrdur (Irom i Jt], Biula/iHo/ (^-B Jl), BrMltma 
iKramtr: B-8 jR, all Uiesfl Willi larpe B»rdeni ; a. Slant (t'/j-6 jTi. — The 
SoAen-ffiHife/ SmateHuni (7IS ft), well lituated on tbe Fucbsbardt (carr. 
trom tbe station In 26 mln., ^6 Jl), U an admirably equipped estibiisb- 
ment for sufferers from weak luoes (E, from 3, board 7-8 J). — Rhein- 
gotd toilouranl, on the slope of Iba Beicbenbei^, wilh vJewi DaUhauia, 
aXi and confectioner, Hiupt-SCr. 6S. 

Omnibui lo XMndor/ (see abavB; 30 pf.) and to KSaienHiIrr (p. SI, 
80 pf.), 15-18 times daily. ' 

two-boreef ^,- lo RMfudOr/ or iiolanditct Verrv, Dne-boTse 1, two-how 
Ii/> •*: 10 KSfUgiaiiltr 3 or i^h Jl, there and baek 2"/, or S'/i Jl; to 
Ibe Marsartthtnhnf or the LOweiOursir Hof 7 or 9 ^, there and back 
9 or 13 M; for half-a-day 9 or 12, whole day I& or 2U^. 

Soat lo Rolandse<:k 01 to SSnieawInter 3 ^. 

Ki»er Batha near the railway- station. 

Honnef, a acatteied village with 6600 Inhab., Ilea 8/4 M. to the 
left of the railway, and comprizes a number of pleasant villas, Bome 
of which aie let to visitors. Tbe church is handsome. Honnef U 
one of the pleasantest and sunnieBi spots on tbe Rhine , being 
sheltered from the N. and E. winds by the Seteii Mts., and aai- 
rounded by ^InayardB and orchards. Owing to its genial climate and 
pretty scenery it has become a favourite resort from early spring to 
Iste autumn. The Orachcn;ueU< , a mineral spring, la uaed for 
drinking and bathing. 

EsTiRONS. BeaulifuJ walk£, farmshed wttb gnide-poots, lead viiL Bm' 
dorf, passing the .ff<cl<V^It on the left, to (be Anaathali along the Rhine to 
BdniBiBlnfcr and the island of QrafcnicrTUi ; to Holtm-Bmoif (see above) and 
then by a path diverging from tlie load to tbe leA to the AAftn^old (see above), 
MeoiMUe. AKsvilh/ilic, CapiUt, and the iifuBJiur? (p. 96) In a]l I'/i hr.)( 
to Ihe poplars above BBmrnavlor/ (p. 9T)i vii, BiWief to Itemtalierg irestao- 

paat'tbe large Bat/tr-Ho/, by a foolpalb to Ebeinbreltbacta (p. 71), anj 
liack by tbe road 10 Honngf (comp. the Map. p. 93); by Uenienberg lo 
the SniKrX4fip(lc*(;<i(V;hr.iilnB view); over tbe NeUmtamm to tkt Baa- 
nt-^buvf W, hr.l ; vi& aellbof lo the (t br.) Leibere (1140 ft.), a basaltic bill 
commaDdioE a beautiful view. I '.iiioIl- 

to Cobttnu. SAYN. II. fiouW. 83 

In the RMne, to the Tight, lie the islands of Nonntntnerlh mi 
Orafenvierth ; ou the opposite bank «re the picturesque arched ruin 
of Bolandieek and the Tillage of that name. The village of Rhein- 
hrtilbach (p. 71) is neit passed, opposite which is Obertpintar. At 
(24 M.) Unkal (p. 71) the train quits the fectile plain which lies at 
the foot of the Seven Mts., and passea Erpel, opposite to which lies 
Stmagen with the elegant ApolUnaTii-KiTche (pp. 71, 72). 

34 M. Lins (steamh. stat.j p. 73) lies opposite the month of the 
Ahr, aba-re ffbiob, altttle inland, rises tbe handsome church of SintiV. 
The train next passes Leubtdotf, Scblott Attnfeit, and Anendorf. 
Opposite (38 U.) Hennlngan (p. 74) is Nieder-Breisig, a little above 
vhlohriBSBfiehloisiiAeiMcl:. The train passes (40 M.)Bbein6rDAf, with 
Its Qothiochnrch (opposite the Brohl Vallty, p. 103), and Meda- and 
ObeT-Hammcrttein, at the base of the HammeTittin. On the opposite 
bank, a little above (43'/2 ^0 Leuteadorf (p. 76), the pictureaqoe 
and andent town of Andemaeh (p. 75), with its loand tower and 
bandsome church in the background, comes into sight. The valley 
of the Rhine expands; the train eiosseg the Wicd, skirts the park 
of the Prince of Wied, and atops at — 

47 M. Kenwied (ateamb. atat. ; p. 76). The station is >/3 M. to 
the E. of the town. The train now runs Inland and traveiaes an 
extenaive plain, but returns to the river at the next station. 

4d>/z ^- Bngen (p. 77), the jnnetion for the line to Alten- 
Urchen and Limburg, 

Fedh Svant to Bi2BBaAH», 13 M., rallwa; in •/' ^'- U •* B0,~90, 
iB pf.). — Tha line croSHS tha Sayobacb, lad usandi the left bank ot 
the itreftm. 

l•|^ M. Bajn (S)UI Fritdrichibirf, S. Vjr^Jl, very r^ir; Krvpp. peoB. 
bom i Jl; Beta Botttr), witb eilensive iroD-worki beloneiDg lu tbe 
Erapp Co. of Kisen. aod a chiteau and park of Prinoe SaTn-Wlttgenstein- 
Sajn. commaDded by the rained culle ofSevn, has a popnlatlon of 1600. 
~- Sihloii Bayn (adm. AO pf.) ia bandsomelr fitted up and contaliu a good 
eoUustioD of modem pictares aod cculpturea. and a colosial vaaisa aguia 
Hi Henrj III. ot Sayn (d. 12«), originally belonEing to hia Harcophagoi in 
the abbey of Sayo, of whlcli he wai (he lounder. THe pretty Part lira 
e bill. 

Ibe old CatlU erected is Ihe lOtb cent. 

and deatn 

oyed b, the Fren. 


TMrty rears' War, the ancestral seat oi 

ot Sayn. 

On the ilopo at the hill are the roinafi 

1 casllea a 

f miil tai M/ta 


Abonl 2 M. to the K.W. of Sa,n, beyond 

d villages of Eiimbaci and 

W-Af . are tha ruins of Iha ancient abbey 

rMdor/, with fine 


property of the Duke of 

e» «f Ea 

,n, wilt, its cbal 

mined cutle to the left. The train n 


to the leil°li/^hr.°'f"mBry'n,'!s'lh"u 
seat o( a still eiistlng fimUy. A Uttli 

leveral tannels. On a Ull 

.ined caet; 

le of Iitniur^. the 

i hiihar 

lOmin. to (I'l, a. 

1 Cviaw). 

From nVi M.) Or«^rB« a brancb-Hn. 

) HUhr- 

Orenihausen. The etst.ion lies on the 

in which earthenware, both usefal and i 

for eentoriei. The Vienna Eihibilion 

br'nnghl the war, 

district into modem noiice. There are Beveral 

.ear ihB 

Btation. The C.rsmfc ScAwl, with an i 


; eVhfbitk," and' 

retoiD to tb< BUne on toot t 

'vllitce UTrjiDE oD tbe muintiiotnre of wbit- 
(tonei. - A iteep Incline Icwla hence In (ISVt »■) Bitrihahn, tba Junction 
of the Llmbnrg 6nd Altenkiehfn line (p. 319). 

bQ^ljN.SaiioitfBheiniicheTEaf.'R.& : SasxtutrHof), 
■> small town wlih &600 inh>b., sltnated amidst orchuda ^|^ M. to 
the E. of the line, with ui inteieating Romaneaqae churah and 
seTetal lanatlo Mylntae. 

^1/! ^- TftUM>dM (HSitl AnktT, R. & B. fmm 21/2, D. 2, 
pene. from 4 .H), a busy little town with 4000 Inhib. who carry 
on a brisk riiei-tTaMc, lies on an tna at the Rhine opposite the 
island ot NUdervrerth (p. 77). On a height aboie the town stands 
the handsome ChureK, bnllt in 1839 on the alta of an older chnrch 
said t« have heen founded in 836, with a Wwei of tbe 15th cent. ; 
it contains some late-Qothlc church-plate, — Weitenburg, on the 
hill '/j M. to the N. of Yallendar, commands a beautiful view of tbe 
Rhine with its Islands and Its banks from Andemach to Coblenz. 
About halfway op the hill is a summer-honse of the Yallendai 
Casino, to which visiton are admitted. 

A little farther on, a beaotlful "lew is obtained of Coblenz, 
the month ot the Moselle, and the Emp. Villiam Monument. The 
station at (06 H.) Ehrenbrtititein (p. 105) lies at the foot o( ihe 
precipitous rook on vbich the fortrass is situated. 

IS. Bonn. 

EstaU. On lU KMh: 'Eotil Hotil (F1. b; O, S), GoMeueT^Bti. 11, 
first ctuB, with Utt and gsrtlen, E. from 3Vi> D. 3<M pena. Irom T Jl. ~ 
HStil Kut (PI. c i G, 3). Coblsnier-Str. 1, near the lite ZoU, R, 2i/i-i, 
B. 1, D. 31/rS -», with girden-realanrant ! Ebiimck (PI. « ; C, 2), at the pl«r. 
aecond-cIu9, with terrace, B. 3i/r4, B. 1, D.VkJ/: Disshins. b; tbe new 
bridge, B. a-3J(, well spoken of. - In atToaa: •Golohbb Stbsn (PL a; 
f,. 2l. in the market-placE, with ball-roonu and re! • "—-i-- n n « 

_- 2ifc_pena. from 7 J; Sobwah (PI. gi 

jf, E. a-8, B. ■/,, D. I'/i-ai/i, pens- 5-8 -*.■ Hhi 
Blem-StF DTi Cemthat,, Wllhelm-Str. 1 (Pl.B,2)i Tsidbe, Xcckenheimer- 
Blr. IB (PI. A, 2, B); Eoihb Kabhe, in the msrk el-place, plain bnt tbit 

Sir'' IBa, a. C B° 21/^'/., panV ri"-7i//^r^sFiil« 1^^08018 ilor, 
E, *B. aVs-S'/iJr. — la Ou Papritidor/er AIU4: Hni. noKoBO, Qnantlos- 
Str.l, E.iVi-3, B.i, D. from IV.. peni. fromi'/i Ji BMHOBtiscHBaHospit. 

Fenaioni. Jfri. Thomoi, Qaeben-Stp. ib; Sarling, Hofguten-Str. 1 
(i-B ^1 Itetltr. Colmaol-Slt, 14 (1-8 JT), Bemtm, Marlen-Slr. 1 (B-T jRi 
BcHugt, FahrcMse 3 (4-7 JTi ; Jamimiiu, Hcrwarth-Slr. 12 (4-6 J») ; Saierliars, 
Lenn^-Sir. 8 (4-6 Jl); 0cAn<r»JrKl-S'M>, Hobeniollern-Str. 30 [5-7 ^i WiUUr, 
Coblenicr-Str. 2i Btraubergtr, Dechen-8tr. 1 {4-BV)J») 

Reatagrsnti. •Ptrrin, WeMelgasee SO; -Scftann, Poet-Sir. 11) athaari, 
Ealier-Str. ; Saimlieuer, Hflnster-PUtct ritHM/tr, Lang, BanDiaebnler AU«e( 
eotdmer 9Um, Bit. Xlf):, set above. — Oafia. Tiatit, at tbe etatlan ; XMnr- 
Ca/i, Ealier-Plati. - Bear. XafstrAoIle, Hartin-Str. < /« Xrut mm OrdiMii 
Eraaie, Coblenier-Str. 2T; gum HOnelWi, Dreiech 3 (PI. B, 3)t AM^oU, 
■aiktSt; SOI. CottHamttal, Hamlmrter Stf, Kreaprim, see above, all near 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Bathiuf Srtabluhi 
mlag (JO pf-) xnA w.m 

12. BoaU. 
KT, Harkl U. — SmdO 

Blaotiia XiunvBys. From th< rtU. ItatiOD vit Folt-Str., Httnatei-PUti, 
Frledrlcb-Su., uid Brit eke n-Stt. (n Bmil (p. 90); ttant the Uarkt, pssl aa 
itation, til FoppiUdor/ (p. 89): to tbe Culn-Tbor: by (bs Ckiblcmer-Slr. to 
SmaHcli (f. iQ). — Stiun i'ruiiwBT from the Kaiaer-Str. [coi-. of thi 
Eoniet-Slr. 1 PI. C, 1), peuiDg the tenoiauB of the electric cus in tlie 
Oobl enter- Str., to Oaiaterg (p. 79) and Jtretijon (p. 69), ererr 'A br. on week- 

TODS to (32110 Cotc^tiii Vhin., Kutlng at Ibe Vlebmvkl fn'B,%. 

□iba. Per driTS Id the town, 1-2 pere. TO pC, each additional pen. 
as pf., box 10 pf-i per '/s br. i'h Jl- To PofptUierf 75 pf., with two 

lo Oatultn^Ki (p. £0) 3>/^ at IVi .#,' each per9. more than tno, oO pf ' 

PsatOHla (PI. B, S), HUnster-Plili. -- Isleffaph Ofaoa, Hulhelmer- 
Sir. (PI. B, 2), 

Sncllili Ohnreh BanlH in the UDlTenilr Chapel (p. 87) at II a.m. and 
(in aDnuoeF) 7 p.m. 

OUaf Attnetiaa. UUnster (p. 86); Hooie of Beethairen (p. S6)i Pro- 
•ineial KoieiUD (p. SS)i view from the Alle Zoll (p. 87); walk along the 
Rhine ud acrosa the new bridge (p. 30); Poppalidarfer All^e (p. 89). 

£onntl54lt0, atown witb 50,700 inhab., the seatotaunlTersit/ 
founded In 1818 and attended by about 2000 studenti, ie plessanti; 
situated an the W. bank ot the Rhine, near tbe N. entrance to the 
narrower and mora ptotareaque part of the valley of tbe riser. It 
has recently become a very proaperoiu place, and a farourite reai- 
denea of English and other vUltora. The pleasant vtllu with theti 
gardens on the Rhine, sltosted on the Coblenzei-Stranae aboie the 
town, the ihady promenades of the Hof-Oanen, the FoppelBdoifei 
All^a, and the imposing new bridge, all contribata to render the 
town very attractive, white the fine towers of the Miinater and the 
Protestant church also enhance the general effect. 

Bonn, the humut or fkulra Aonninjio of the Romani, treqaantlj 
meotlooed by Tacltoa, and probably founded by Dniiua, waa one of tie firat 

The BomaD Oulruin, which waa'rerf extenilve, stood near the eod of the 

ia provsd by e 

u Bo 

iliooa mu 

le in 181t 

! and by 




place of 


Ibe Archbi^l! 

p of 

Cologne t 


1 hij'rea: 


jat ot gov 



k of lualrla 

(laU) aod'chi 
*he Prof 


ea of Hi 

I of 


■ehbiabooa ot C 

lologoe Ii 

1 the Ifltl 

1 cent. , 

, pDn 

cipally D) 


un AgQ 



ate and bJ! 

'nished U 





Thirty Yean- 


h'wa" . 


MlTered repeatedly' 

from aieg< 

of 1689 

Frederick m. 

of Br 



of the Im 

lal and allied 

>p.. H>r1' 

generala ' 


liona againBl the 


.. The wril. 

In'l^n. In ae« 

>TdaD<se n 

[ Baatatt. — D' 


the KlectOD of th. 

> ISIh cei 

It. Bonn 

waa ver 

y proai 

, and ou< 

from WOO to TSOQ, but elnce Its recovery by the Pruuliiu in 1814 uid Iha 
foundUlon of (he Frederick Willlim i;n1ven>t; it bu endnally revlTed. 
AmonE tlie Bclebriliu of the latter are B. O. Hieblhr, E. H.Anidl, A. W. 
ron Schlegel, Areelmder, Welcker, BitKhl, Dlei, Simrosk, UkMSn, 

The Railway Station (PI. B, 3) was bnilt in 1383-85 aftet plant 
by Viereck and Uiigat. 

The Poat-Strasse leadj direct from the atatioa to the MOmstbX' 
Platz (PI. B, 3), wbicb U embellished with a bronze Statut of 
Bcdhoven, executed by Haoel of Dresden sad inauguiated In pte- 
sence of Queen Victoria in 1845. 

The *HDii«ttr (R B, 3), a CTUciform church with two chalts, 
(our small towers, and a lofty octagonal principal tower over the cross- 
ing, la an imposing and plctuiesqua example of the late-Roman- 
esque style. It was formerly an archdeanery of St. Casslus and St. 
Florentius, and, like many Kbenish churches, (races its foundation 
to Conatantine, The V. part of the clypt and the part of the 
church above it date from the 11th, the choir from the middle of 
the 12th, and the nave, transept, and chief tower from the 13tb 
century. The building bas recently been carefully lestoied. 

Tbe iBTEsioB, which was adorned with psintinn by Harlin iu 1890-91, 
le remarkable (or its baadeoipe proponloDI. It cuntiiinii a bronse atitae 
of SI. Haeaa, the mother of CoDatanllne, in a maDoered style, cast at 
tome in 1753; two Sai-RilU/t. repreaenting tbe Nativity and Baptism of 
L^iilil over the altan in the nave and transept to the right, well-eiecuted 
ttalir -owki. Hear the chief portal is (he Saraiphai/ui of Archbishop 
EngeiDer irfn Falkenbnre (d. 12T4). The old Orppl and the remains of 
medlEeval p&inticg^ (restored^ alao in the chapta hall) are iutereatinr. 
The B. ehoiT contains a plctDrein mosaic from Qeieetf^ deiigns^ theBtaine4< 
glass windows are by LiDnemann and Oeigei. 

The ancient Chapter Haute adjoining the chuich is now the pai- 
BOuage. The 'Clouteri, with plUais poesesBing beautiful capitals, 
date from Che 12th cent. (entr. from the church or on the E. aida, 
adjoining the choir). — The Jlftinster-^ScAuIe, bnilt in the Bomaneaqne 
style in 1886-86, was deiigiied by Lemcte. 

The busiest point of the town ia the triangular Xukst PIma 
(PI. B, 0, 2, 3), on which the piiuclpal etreet* of the old town con- 
Telge. In the centre of it rises a Fountain Caliimn. erected by the 
citizens in 1777 in honour of Maximilian Frederick, Elector of 
Cologne. Tbe Bathhaus, with its lofty flight of stepa, waa completed 
in 1782. — The la(e-Gothic Church of St. Remigiui (15th cent.), 
formerly tha Minoriten-KiTcht(Pl. C, 3), haa cloisters of the beginning 
of the 14th century and modem paintings by Carl UiiUer (St Anna 
and the Virgin, St. Joseph and the Holy Child) and other Duasel- 
dorf artists, — The Jtttiit Church (PI. C, 2), in the Bonngaage, iB 
now used by the Old Catbolicg. 

At No. 20 Bonugasse is the BoethoTeiL House (PI. 6, 2), in 
which Ludwig van Beethovtn (1770-1827) wae born. The hiiuse Is 

noiT fitted np aa a Beethaven Huaeam (adm. 1 Jl, on Wed. '&, 8an. 
50 pf.3. Beetlioien'a fatlier was a tenor-singer, and bis grandfather 
(a native of Antwerp) band-master to the Elector. 

The 1IiiiTei!aityStuldiiiKi(Fl. B, 0, 3), 640 yds. in length and 
originally tbe Efecloral PoXate, occupy the S. side of the old town. 
The nentral portion, with Ub four towers, was begun by Earieo Zueeaii 
in 1697-1703 and eompleted by Bohtil de CalU in 1715-23. The 
two principal towers were rebuilt In the original style in 189&. The 
beat Tlew of the buildings is obtained from tbe Hof-Garten. Tbey are 
well fitted up and contain most of the Lcclurt &0f>rM, the Lihroty 
(2dO,O00iols.,13a0MSS.). adorned with busts of Niehnbr, Schlegel, 
Alodt, etc., the Physical, Op&tAutmit, and Aural InAOalu, and tbe 
rich AiJaeonlotojjlcai ifuMum, particularly interesting with regard 
to the Rhlneland. The Aula or hall ( keys kept by the head-potter, 
under the arcades to tbe left; 50 pf.) la Bdorned with frescoes em' 
blematicaJ of the (our faculties, executed by Cornelius's pupils, 
FBntet, Qotzenberger, and Hermann (1824). The old chapel of Che 
Electoral Palace is now a Protestant place of worship (Church of 
EDgtind service, see p. 80). 

Falsing through the Coblxmti-Thirr, which interaeeta the E. wing 
of the university, and has its f»{ade adorned cTteroally with a 4pire 
ol the Archangel Michael , we reach the Ck)iUattr-SWatK (p. 83). 
— - ImmedUtely to the left is tbe entrance to the Alta Zoll (PI. 0, 
D, 3), an old bastion on the bank of the Rhine, commanding a 
fine *Tiew of the rlier and its opposite bank, including Beuel, 
Beosberg, Slegbutg, and the Seten Mts. In the centre ie a iion- 
umen( to the poet Emit Morili Arnii (1769-1860), in bronze. The 
flgnre leans with the left hand on a trunk of oak, whilst the right 
polntB towards the Rhine. The two French guna here were captured 
In the war of 1870. An inclined plana descends from tbe Alte Zoll 
to the Rhine, which is skirted by a pleasant promenade (p. 89], 

Neit to the Royal Hotel , No. 9 Coblenr,er-8ti., is tbe Civic 
KuBsnm, in the former Villa Ohemier (Fl. D, 3 ; adm. Sun. & Wed., 
11-1, (tee; at other times 50 pf.), containing a collection of modern 
pictures and a (ew sculptures, bequeathed to the town by Prof. 
Obemier (d. 18^). Fine view of the Rhine and Seven Mts. 

On the W. side of the Coblenzer-Stiasse lies the Eot-Oarten 
(PI. C, 8), with its avennes of fine old trees. On the W. side of tbe 
garden rites the Pralultml Church (PI. C, 3), 1 Gothic edifice of 
brick, erected by Dieckhoff in 1866-71, with a lofty tower. — 
The modem Gothic Htn-Jtm-Kirche (PI. 0, 4), adjoining tbe 
8.W. coroer of the garden, contains good stained glass, deslgnad by 

OO SoaU IS. BONIf. Provinciid Muteum. 

In tbeS.E.eoiDet aftheHof-Guteii rises Che AaademioKiiMDiii 
Of Art (PI. C, 3), open bee od Man., Wed., and Frid., 3-5, from 
October to April 2-4; M other times, fee (costodian in the eentrai 
block, neit the Coblenzec-Str.). The museum, founded In 1825 b; 
V. G. Welckei (d. 1868), the eminent ultiquatitn, contaioa one of 
the oldest and fineet coUectlonB of casts in Geim&a; and a few 
original antiqultieB. 

Among th« orlginBl Qreek worka are tbs celsbrated marble •Bimat 
via AflHli of SBphnela, BaripUla, AHtUphaui, and MtBomdr. There are 
alio larracattaBenrlDegfrnmAiialUaor,OrBe(>B(Taiiag»). Bieily, and Italji 
and over 200 Qrtet vaaei, — The Cian are arrangad so ai to illnalrate the 
derelopment af ancient aculptura: EgjrpUan, Asajrian, Greek, and Buman. 

In the Cableuzer-Strasse, to the left, is the CoUegium Albertinvtn 
[EnbUchofiicht ConuicI; PI. 0, D, 8 J , a large Qothic building, 
erected in 1892 for tha accommoditlon of Roman Catholic student! 
at the Univargily. No. 36 is a club-house by Kayser & Von Qross- 
halm, and a little farther on is the Royal Qymnanum, a Renais- 
sance structure by Beinike. — No. 75 Zwette Fahrgaase (PI. D, 4), 
Che second ctoas-stieet to the left (as ve go to the S.^, vas the resi- 
dence of the' poet Amdt, who died here in 1860 |^. 87). — The 
Goblenzer-SCrasse is flanked with villas and gardens for about 1 H. 
beyond the Ooblenz Gale (steam -tramway to Godeaberg, see p. 86). 
Among them is the Royal Viiia, for royal princes studying In Bonn. 

In the N. part of the toon, near the Wllhelms-Platz , are the 
Slifti-K{rcht{¥l. B, 2), the large Hotpital of St. John (PL B, 1), and 
the new l/nioerlitv Cfinicof InitUuU* (PI, B, C, 1), with the Patho- 
logical /nafiltile, on an elevated site eitendiug to the bank of the 
Rhine. — Outside the C61n-Thor ate the Pravineial Lanatie Asylum, 
the Huttar Barrada, and (I'/a M.) the Nete Cimttery. 

The *PniTi]icial Maianm (PI. A, 3), No. 16, Golmant-Str., near 
the railway-station, is a handsome building of red Baodstone in the 
Italian Renaissance style, erected in 1889-93. It contains an extensive 
collection of Roman and medtxval stone moaumeDte, prehistoric, 
Roman, and Frankieh antiqiiitiea, a amall picture-gallery, and a 
few mediaval works of art (director, Dr. Lthntr). The museum ia 
open 11-1, bee on Sun. and Thurs., on other days 50 pf.; at other 
times 7& pf. Visitors ring. Guide 40 pf. 

Omnd Floor. Vullve monuments. By the door to the MX, altars ot 
Jnpltsr, Herculei, and (he Dee Halrea. VVH. ■Monnment of the cenlnrlon 
Jr. OatUMi, who retl in the 'Bellwn Variannm', Ihe onl; alone mODiunent 
extant reUtini; to the battle in Ibe TemoburgiaD ForesI; Ihe bieael of 
the csntarion ia adorned wilb Mt milita^ orders and didlinctionfl^ at the 
li'le are his ^sd men. Other interestine aepnlehral moonments (tlai. SiH, 
a»B2, eie.). Sionea with Christian Inscriptions. — B^sEiia»T. Meliu of the 
Uireelle bridge il Cobleni, Eonian capitals, sarcophagi, KoDumenli with 

le middle, large XoiaU 

/■OMiwiii from Welngarien. Soul ptnte« (8181. — , — 

"'dJ)oar). — In the Vistiboli and adjoining room are Romaneiqne 
OotBIc, and Benaisaance nculplnres froto ilie Utddte and Lower Khine, - 
On the Br^ncAaa to the OrBt floor, niodets of Boman weapons. 

PopfKlidoTf. BONN. li. BouU. Vd 

Vppu !IoOT. I. Pbibiitubid Room (la the middle). The central glui 
cue eontaiDi the funona SlaaAtTtHai BtM, ohicta bss besD IllterkllrJsuch 

T«Mela; vmleta uid cuUug of goia (u. Ith uni. B.C.). — U, Boon or 
THB Roiiili Bbomk. To tliBlettof theenlrmcsi tilver-eill iii»hea i jlevei, 
goblets, kcltlei, bronie limpi; Ihfl wig uid ttnnderboll of « CDlolSBl bronmo 
ItBtQS of Jupller. At Iha end of the ruom, to the right: Brume head of the 
Xmp. Oordlaa llj. {A. 241); huneei, ihield-boitei, mDantingi of farnilnn 
and TSUBlg. Bi the Blde-wtlh chaloe, spoDiu, knives, kef s, locks, huidlM, 

PomseiL — The CoKHinaK sonliJiis Bomsn BertbeoKHB of ■ Ills period 
~ - IV. OLAtB Rook M the hick of the buildiiE). 

__. . . Jliini objects found in iornun tombs. In the w»ll- 

euei ere Buly-KomiD cmn&tlon-tambs, smnged cbronologluU;. Lite 
Ronun tombs with skeletons. Id the lut floor-use ue four Bne brODie 
uuldrons. — VI. Boom (PruikUh Tombs). Flae weapooa ud omiments. 
— VII. PicTDBi atixiBi, with some good Bhenilh ud Hatherludlsb 
works. — VIII. KiDisTU Rook. Senlptorea of the 12-13th cent, ( Btimii- 
laaa rondiroM of ISTl, from Allcen. Old Rhenish poller}, rul and 
Imiution. Works In l>ory sad enimel. 

On the OreoBd Ft«r, 10 the right u( the enlrince, is (ha exteoslve 
Utrarr of Ike Rh^nUh BocUir »/ AnHquarlat to the left ire ■ CoKseMin 
ef giuUi and 1 CoMiMf tf Coitt. 

The FoppsIidaifBT Allie (PL B, A, 4, 5), the prlnetpal promenide 
of the town, a quadruple ayenue of beautiful horee-cheatnnts, 1/3 M, 
long, aod flanked with handsome vlllss and gardens, leads from 
the Kaisei-Platz, adjoining the Hof-Outen and the UnivBislty, 
towards the W. to the Poppelsdorfer Schloes, At the end next tha 
town it is Gioased hy the railway. Farther en, to (he left , a little 
back from the avenue, Is the handsome Obicrvalory (PI. B, 4), 
erected in 1839-46 under the tuperintendence of Prof. Argelander 
(d. 1875). 

The FoppeUdorfer SOhloii (PL A, 5), formerly 1 residence of 
the Electors, erected in 1715- IS from the plans of Robert de Ootte, 
with an interesting central court in a clieotar tonn, contains the 
Natural BIttory CoUectiotu of the University (open 9 or 10 to 1, 
30 pf.; free on Sun., 11-1, mdWed,, 3-4). The fiolanfcoi Garden 
adjoining the palace ia open on Mon., Wed., & Frid. from 2 p.m.j 
the hot-houses on Wed. only. 

Opposite tha Poppeisdorfer Scbioas rises the Chtmieal Laboratory 
(PI, A, 6), in front of which is a statue of J. A. KdcuU (b. 1829), 
the chemist. Behind it are the AniUomy Building, the Fhynologieal 
Irutitutt, and the eitenslTe buildings of the Apr icu^lurol Academy 
(3IM)-400 students). 

AboTBPoppelsdorf,s/,lc, from the Scbloss, rigei the Kieniberg (100ft,), 
a 'Mt. CalTSiT^ crowned with a conspicnoiu whits church. It origlnelly 
belonged to a manutery ereoled br Elector Ferdinisd ofBlTarii in 182T, 
and toDtiina the 'Balg aiepi' of Italian marble (in the chapel behind the 
illar), conitmcled about 17W. These iteps, "a in Dumber, are HB imitation 
of the Beala Amis al the Lileran, and must be aieended only on the 
luees. BeanUfol view from tha tower. 

90 RovUlS. 

are the neir SUuU-Fari, and the BUJthmlla, a large biroiiue F»illDa, with 
■D open-air rMl»ursnl (p. 86). 

rrom BonDf is reached bj 4 road diverging from Ihe middle at Ibe Poppel^ 
darf Aisnne lo the left (PI. B, C, i, S. S) and leading pB*l the frtdiTick 
WiOomBoipltal mi At tnvait at lilt Bta<i^oTttisCltailiAm.tit»; open- 
air resUunat)- Oa (he dope of Ihe Vorg^irji (p. 80), immedialel; abuve 
it, TigcB the RtimbuTe, > amall ehtteou with prett; grOQnda. — The Vtmmt. 
ttrt, now renamed the K^ai-inihelni-Patk, with a JTanuracM lo Ewp, Wit- 
Mam I. (1887), la treveried bjanamhei of pleaaanl walks; ibo 'CoKOtrfAt 

Sevan Hts., etc. ' The paths eitend In the one direciion, passing the' Bis- 
maiekToweT(10mln. fromlheCa'SelErahe). toOndeiberglp.Te), andin the 
ether thren([h woods and the prett; MtMliat (upper part also caUed £ntref- 
Tiol; rostit Inn) to Poppelsdorf. 

The Old Cemstery (PI. A, "2), V4 U. from the SteraCboi, is the 
resting-place ol' many emlneat men, chiefly ptofessors at the uui* 
veieity, and is also vorthy of a visit on accoont of its bandeome 
moniunents, including a btotiie memorial of the war of 1870-71. 

6; the walj on the right. Jfsaununl 0/ A'KtuAr <d. 1S3I), ereeted by 
Fred. William IV. to his 'leaoher and friend'; in front a reUef in marble 
by Kauch, repreaenling Niebuhr and hia wife, being a copy of an ancient 
Koman tomb. relief preserved In the hall of the bugle at the Vatican. Farther 

<d. 1841), the second 'eon, and CtiarSolli ran Lentt/eld (d. 1836). widow or 

ler^t, the famoDi connoliseurs of art (Selchlor d. IBBI, Snlpice d. IBM), 
a relief In marble with a head of Christ, b; Rauch. Tbe little Chapei In the 

mendorf (p. 69) abourihe year 1300^ was transferred thence to its present 
site In 1847. it contains stained elais presented by the Boisser^ei. Hear 
the chapel are the craves of Schumann (d. 1856), the composer (with a 
■Monument by Doondorf, erected in IflSO), at Argilmler (i. 1875), the aatro- 
nomer, foAjnonB (d. 1880), the bistariao, Welcbr |d. 186S), the uchceo- 
logist, and JCarl Simrork [d. 1376), the poet. The monument of the poet 
Amdl tA. miO] is dose 10 the K. wall of the cemetery. By Ibe B. wall la 
that of Baron Bunuv (d. 1860) and bli wife. The Warriori' JAmnunl 
for 1370-71 was designed by KOppers. 

The graceful 'Xbint ViiAga [PI. D, 1), built in 1896-93 from 
the designs of Bruno Uohrias and Prof. ffroAn, is, peibape, the meat 
beautifal iu the Uhenlah provinces. It bestrides the Tiver in three 
arches, the central of which has a span of 615 ft. (^Niagara Bridge 
840 ft.], while the total length ia 1415 ft. The rich plastic decora- 
tion is often of a hnmorona character (i.g. tbe lo-called 'Brdcken- 
tniinQchen'). Ovei the flight of steps ascending to the bridge from 
the Khine whatf is a seated flgure of Julius Cssar, though this was 
probably not the spot where he crossed the Bhtne (p. 77). The 
bridge atfords a Bne view of Bonn and the Seven Mts. {toll 6 ft.). 

At the end of the bridge, on the right bank of the Rhine, lies 
BansI (SchifptTS, with large vetsnda, near the bridge), a station of 
the railway on the right bank from Cologne to Ehretibreitstein 
(p. 81). The sution of the Broel Valley Railway (p. 66) lies below 
the bridge. 

From Btnel to the ehDreh of /ScHmiti-lilUtiultr/, Me p. 68. 

13. The Seven UoantainB (Siehmgebirffe) . 

us tHe 

b8 to 


giul purposes. KOnigiKlnUr ( 

Rleht BUe 

d connected (hrongb Mehlem, 



Ish anilway; also i steamhoa 


to the lop or the Dnchenfela 

g) la IHe n 

-point, bat BMniarf, Honntf, 


iToDg on 


h line, ma; In some cj»u be m 



h its hB4dqu 





ind benches 

nttr to the DrachenfiU lake 'A 




B !'/• 


Mr in 

/. h 

to'V(.<ier-J)ol{nH(or/ini"Ahr. - F 



ce to the Ortal Oelbtrg H/i hr. , 

.J «Sni?iT«Bl(r as aboTe. In this cue the Drmi 

lut, from EoalKSwIater. — From SUier-DoOmdarf the eicursion Is the 
ii«ni> u the RMt-mpnUoneil, but ia the reveTH direction. 

andDsaktya tiBMtmtiUiT, aea p. 92; atfrHHw/, 

The whole lour rrom SttrigiM 
f [hence on toot to the Odb 

to the jyrachinJcU 
compllBbed by Upmage. 

The heiehti pien in the rollowicg de*erlption are calenlated tram the 
lOTel of the ie«i tie apptoilmale height aboTe the Rhine is obtained by 
mbtacting 160 tt. Geologists who understand German ebonld purchase 
Dr. eon Dichm't 'QeoEnostiicber Pabrer in du Siebengeblrge' (7 J[i, or 
LatpevTu' 'SiebBngebirge am Rhain" (1901 ; 8 Jtl, both with maps poblished 

The'BereaHoiuitAiiii, which form the N.W. termination of the 
■WestBTwald district, eitend 3 M. inland from the Rhine, and from 
N. to S. &baat 9 M., Konlgswinter being the centiid point on the W. 
They consist of a group of pealis, cones, and long, rounded ridges, 
gome of which &re coveredwith forest and luxuriant herbage. They are 
&U of volcanic character and consist partly of trachyte (Draehenfclt, 
Wotkenburg, Lohrberf), and partly of basalt , a more recent totma- 
tion (Odbtrg, NcnnenilrombtTg, Ftteraberg), while the Lovjenburg 
Ig of doleiite. These eeven peaks, &om which the mountains derive 
their name, are seen simaltaneonsly only la the nelghhaurhood 
of Cologne; as Bonn ia approached, the Lowenborg is hidden by 
the Monoenstromberg. Besides these summits there are many 
others, auch aa the conical ffetnmericA, of trachyte, which OTertopa 
the lower mountains of the S. side, and the Roimau and StemeU 
itrg, which adjoin the Nonnanstromberg on the E. and N.E. 

E&nigiWiiitei. — Sateli. On lAi JOiliii: 'BasLiErEB Ilor. B. 3-fi, B. 1, 

D. 9, pens. troiB 7 jT, -BoaopiieCBKB Hof, E. trom Vk. D. 3, pens, fl.7 Jl, 
both opposite ihe pier, with girfen-lerracea i "MosoroL-MKraopoLB, a little 
t»rtlier down, with lift, R. a-10, B. 1, D, 3, pens, from B JT; "DflsaELDOBFiia 
Sow, ilill lower down, 6.2-*, B. 1, D. 3, rens. B-B JT; 'HaiKL K.^TBiH- 

tei™'.*E.'2*yrT,V.^?" D. 8-1 pens.Tl^ JT , ItHKi''B'J'aoHBa''H'Kli. /i Kt#, 

Ma Main 'strut: Hii. Riii'rii., HoLLHrDiacsin' Boy, bl (ha cDan 
B.« B.23jr,- ?■ " ■" ■ ■'-- ' — 

E, * B. S-aV«. P' 


Far ■ <1» Dt same time: Ha™. Uioi 

JlA«iii«i;'«ifrsft (E. * B. only). ' ' • -■ 

Wine. 'BelUngliaaim, on Ibe BMns, witb a lUfe t&rdBn-hall, D. (t!^ 

Str.j i«»r the'DrubantelB rulwari CaniiD, Bbein-Aiu'e l(f, with guden 
on Ibe Shioe. — Btet st the EunpOiKht So/, Om Uomoptl, the CUMtt- 

fttt (p. %) and of lbs PeUriltrt (p. G6). In ■nmiuer there stc IS tnlns 

fiOpf.' Theucenl tnkee 10-12 minutes. The atsrting-poiut or thsDneben- 
reli lioe Is M lbs foot uf the bill, i. little more thim i/< K. from the silicon 
of the Bbenisb Tsi:iirB.y or Ibe slesinibaitt-qaiy; Ibe etutlng-poial of the 
Pelersberg line li '/i M. ftom the rsilway-ttiition, tiod ufuIt 1 U. tiora 

fiui'i>(a>. From the station to the town or tu tbe Petenberg BUllon, 
for 1-2 pera., one-borse 6(), two-horse 70 pf. i from ihe town to the Peters- 
berg Station, SO pf.. 1 Jl: eub pars. tdditlomJ 20 pf„ hiDd-bag 10 pt., 
■ k 20 pf. — Drives in the environs, fares for I-i pera, {10 per cent eii™ 

„ ..... „ ',1. t or 3'A Jl. there and beck 

within 3 brs., BVi 

„, b«ck & or 7Va Jfj leiteniu'v — 

i/a Jl, there sad buck (within i hreO TVt or 10 jT, 

t hrs.) m, or 10 Jl, via Heiaterbacb 71/, 
8 or 12 Jt; Ptieribire wi& Hdaterhech 6 or 
OtM, me iune, reinrning viamargaretbcnbof (5Vahrs,), 9orl2jV,- Bonne/ 
a or SVi jT; drive through the Seven MU. vie HeiatErbach, Petersbets, 

MoUt I.i»iaeh to ahiiadoif, l-i pera. 2i/i*J! (eicb eitra peis. 33 pf.), 
to Bolendseck i Jl &i pf.), to Godeaberg 21/i J (20 pf.), to Bonn S JT 
<?0 pf.); per hour i Jl.uci 1/, hr. r— ' • 

Omnibni (starting at the rail, ita 
to IlMsder/(p. 82; 20 pf.) and Bonn, 

Konigaujinttr (16& n.\ a thriving little modern town with 3800 
Inbab., 13 tbe best stiiCing-poiTit for ■ visit to the Seven Moan- 
tains, M the (oot of which It lies, and is ooneeqaently thronged by 
touriatalnsummei. It possesses eiteasliestone'Cuttingyirde, which 
prepared much of the stone used in building Cologne Cathedral. 
The lailw&y-gtation lies at the lower end of the town , and beyond 
its precincts. A pleasant walk extends along the bank of tbe Rhine. 
At tbe Qpper end of the town are a Wiir Idonvmenl and a monument 
to Wolfgang M&UtT of Kdnigmtnltr (1616-73), the Rbenlah poet, 
■ by Leasing. 

AsCBNT Of TSB Dbaohbnfblb (cainages in waiting at the sta- 
tion). The road crosses Ihe railway and coincides for some dis- 
tance with that to the Oelherg (p. 95); it then tnrna to the right, 
past several handsome vilUs, and skirts tbe Hirsehberg (p. 94) to 
the saddle between it and the Wolkeiibmg, where tbe road to the 
Oelberg (p. S5) diverges to the left. It then passes a monament 
erected in 1892 to fi.DonZ'nhenCd. 1889), the eminent geologirt and 
explorer of the Seven Mts. (p. 01), and ascends in a cnive to the 
terrace. — Walkers turn to the left on leaving the railway-station 
(finger'post), follow tbe direction of the railway, and cross the road ; 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Uounlaini. DRACHENFEL8. 13. lioute. 93 

after b min. the path joins that ftam the Rhine ^nd Teiehes the 
Itation of the moan tain-rail wa; (see below). — Other pleaaant paths 
ascend by the Saurenberg or through the pretty Naehtigalltn-TUal, 
quitting the DrachenfeU read where it turns to the left, ^0 paces 
beyond the railway. The way through the Nachtigallen'Thal is that 
to the left; after 6 min. It crosses a bridge to the right. At the 
EDckstein (see below), both anile with the bridle-path. 

The traveller arriving by Steamboat pastes between the two 
diiefhoieleand to the left of the CbufcA and Oblricl Court, cioisei 
the railway, and aoon reaches the station of the Zahrwadbaiin, or 
rack-ind-pinioD railway. Walkers follow the bridle-path on the aide 
of the rock next to the Rhine, leading In ^/^ hr., partly throogh 
wood, to the terrace near the top. Several cabarets by the wayside : 
(10 min.) ZuT Sthdntn Autiicht, on the right, and Zur Drachm' 
bUTg, on the left; farther on Zum fuctittin (620 ft.), a little below 
which oat path U Joined by that over the Sanrenbeig, and a little 
abOTe by that thtoagh the Nachtigallen-Thal (see abOTs; recom- 
mended to thoie returning to the railway -station). The path then 
■kirta the nck-aod-pinion railway, passes the huidiome Oothlc 
chateaa of * Drachenbvrg, the property of Herr Bottlnger, boilt in 
1833 by TiishaQs and Abbema, and elaborately decorated within 
with palntlngg and other works of art, and ascends the woodsd W. 
■tope of the hill to the terrace (^/^ hr. from KJinigBwinter). 

The easiest mode ofsicendingtheDtachenfela, however. Is now 
afforded by the Ra.CK mtd Pimiok Railw!.! (fores, see p. 92), which 
ascends the hill In an almost straight line and approaches d>e top, 
like the road, on the side farthest from the Rhine. Its length is 
1662 yds. and its rise 740 ft. ; the steepest gradient is 1 : 0. The 
vladnct halfway up affords a good view of the Draohenbarg. 

The Terrace (970 ft. i 'Hotel, R. from 3, B.I, D.3 Jl ; post and 
telegraph office ; concert on Wed. afternoon), a levelled rooty pla- 
tean about 100 ft. below the sommit, li embeliished with a Gothic 
ObelM commemorating the patriotic spirit of the Rhinelanders In 
the years 1813-15, designed by Zwirner and erected In 1867. 
From the veranda of the inn a series of steps descends to the bridle- 
path to Rhondorf (p. 82). 

The castle afI>nteheiifeU(1065 ft.), or 'dragon's rock', 4-5 mlu. 
above the terrace, was erected by Arnold, Archbishop of Cologne, at 
the beginning of the 12th cant. , bestowed by him on the Cassius 
Monastery at Bonn in 1149, and held as a fief from the latter by the 
counts of the castle. Henry, Count of Draohenfels (d. 1348), fur- 
nished the chapter of the cathedral of Cologne with the stone for its 
construotlon from a quarry which still bears the name of Dombrueh, 
or cathedral quarry. In the Thirty Years' War the half-ruined castle 
was occupied by the Swedes, but was besieged and taken lioja 
them by Duke Ferdinand of Bavaria, Elector of Cologne, who 
completed its destmction. — A Cavern among the vineyards, about 

94 BouU 13. HUtSOBBERO. The 8a>en 

halfwiy Dp the hill , is s&id once to have honaed the dngon , alaiD 
by Siegfriad, tha hero from the Law Countriea, who, having bathed 
bitDaeU in Its blood, became involnerable (the wine grown here li 
known ai 'Dtachanblnt', or dragon's blood). 

*T[«w. Ttaa anmiDit eommands ons of tbe nobleil proip«t3 od the 
Bhlns; to (he K. are ssen (avitsl of the sbtsd naaki, S.E. tha U'altta 
haiibts behind Honnef, Hnong them Iba UndBTbarE (p 79), ud tlieHam- 
marlsta (p. M), iloplni dowa to tbs Ehisa. [mmadiUelT bslow lia Bhiin- 
dotf, HoBBsr, Bh^brellbacb.Unkal, andBrpel) on tha Un bank BamaceB 
and the Oothle charcb Ob lb* AnoUinarisbeTE, in the baakiroand the ha^bta 
of the BIfel wlih tha mln at OlbrQck (p. 101), 1b tha TiclnltT ObarwlBtet, 
the lilandi of QTefenwaTth and NonaaBwerih, and tha arahad rnfB of Bo- 
land*eeli. Farther to the rigbt tha Kiimibect, Bonn, and eTaB OolofB* 

Whose breail of waters broadl; awalla 

Bsron ('Clillde Harold'). 

The trachyte hill ot the Wolkenhnrg (1086 ft.), 'o the E, of 
the Diachenfela, waa also once crowned by a stronghold, which baa 
long since been demolished to make way for the extensive quarries 
which have been worked here for centniias. 

The Hinohber^ (835 (t.), crowned with a belvedere, command* 
a beautiful view of the Rhine and the valley enclosed by the Seven 
Mcs. The footpath diverges from the road In the saddle between 
the Hirsehbeig and the Wolkenbnrg, about 200 paces before the 
point wheie the Oracbenfels and tKlberg roads separate, and reachei 
the summit in </« hour. 


carriage-road, which aftorda a series of charming views, diverges 
from the Draebenfels road in the saddle between the Wolken- 
bnrg and the Hlrschberg (596 ft. ; see p. 93), about 1 H. from the 
Drachenfels, and then leads in windings along the SthalUrltrg, 
Oeiiherg, and Lohrberg to the saddle (1095 ft.) between the last 
hill and the top of the (Elberg, where it is Joined by the roads 
from KoQigs winter [1 Va hr., ascent 2 bra.), from Heisterbach (p. 96), 
and from the Lowenhnig (p. 96). On the aaddle are two good Inns, 
the Margartlhtnhof uni the 'Hotel -Reitamant Sofhltnhaf (D, 3, 
pens. 4-5V2 ■'). If both are crowded, the traveller may follow the 
road to the E. to (1 U.) illenbach, where accommodation may be 
found at tbe dean little inn of Blesgen, adjoining the cbuich. 

A-t the cross-roads at the Margaretbenhof are a cross with a re- 
lief of St. Margaretha and the dragon (1641) and a Bnger-post show- 
ing the roads to the (Elberg, Petersberg, and Heisterbach, About 
100 paces farther on is another guide-post, IndicatiDg a footpath to 

Movnliiine. HEISTERBACH. 13, EouU. 95 

the top of tbe (Ellietf. This path follows tba rotd, wliloh leads to 
the hasailt qaatriei (see below), for gome dlBt&nce, and then dliergea 
again to the left. The top of the Gillbeig la reached in l/s hr. 

The *areat (Elber^ (1620 ft. ; Batmirant, plain) Is a baealtio 
cone which has been upheaved through the trachyte. The prospect 
from the summit ia tbe most eitensive on the lower Rhine ; the pic- 
turesque foreground differs In many reepecta from that seen from the 
Dracbenfela. The whole wooded tract of the Seven Mts. lies like a 
map before the spectator; the Rhine glitters between the valleys 
wbrlch interaect Its banha, and Its course may be traced aa tar as 
Cologne; In the dletance to the S. the Tannus, and N.E. the 
heighta near DQsseldorf. The baaalt quarries on the B. side of the 
Oelberg ate aov tbe moat important Id the Seven Mountains, and 
■le interesting tor tbe enilous displacement o( the baaaltlc columns, 
which ate vlalble to a height of 100 ft. 

Feoh the Gbfat (EijHiio TO Hgtstbobach (1 hr.). In descend- 
ing, a few minutes' walk (Tom the top, we reach a flnger-poet on tho 
path by which we ascended, indicating the way to Konlgswinter 
and Helsterbaob. Aflei 10 min. this path joins the road from tbe 
Hstgarethenhof to HeiBCerbach(near thehllomStre-stone2.7). From 
this road diverge, farther on, a footpath to KBnlgswinter, a road 
(below kilometre- stone 1.3) to the new hotel on the Bonnmi 
(1060 ft.), and aroad (shove hllomStre-itone 1) to the Sonntmtrom- 
berg (.1 105 ft.) and tbe (1 M.) FeUrsberg (p. 96). To the right is 
the 8Untelberg (945 ft.), with extensive trachyte qaarTlas. The 
trains of tba Seitlerbach VaUty Steam TnimiDoy (p. 81) atop when 
required at the point where the road (shoct-cnt tbr walkers) leachee 
the Heistetbacli Valley. 

The venerable Cistercian Abbey of Heiitexbaeti (475 ft.) Is one 
of the most ^equently visited poinie In the Seven Mountains. 
The gate still bears the anns of the abbey, a Htiiter (young beech) 
•nd a Ba^h (brook) i at the side stand St. Benedict and St. Bernard 
as guardians. Of the magnificent abbey-obuich, erected In tbe tian- 
ailion-style in 1202-37, tbe end o( the choir, with its slender ba- 
saltic columns, is alone extant, forming a singularly picturesque ruin. 
Tbe abbey itaelt was sold and almost entirely removed in the year 
1809. Some of the finest old German pictures In the Rnakotbek at 
Munich were brought from Haisterbach. In 189T a memorial was 
erected to tbe monkish author, CiesarioB von Heisterbich (ca. 1170- 
1240). Tbe abbey-lands now belong (o Count zur Lip pe- Blest erf eld, 
Regent of Lippe-Detmold (E6tet-Restaurant, very fair). — The 
road passing Heisterbach terminates at (I'/jM.) Ool'miior/' (railway 
station, p. 81). 

FaOM Heistubacb to thb Pitbbbbebo C/t hr.). Outside lbe|«e wa 
rolltiH tbe rood iseendlng to Ibe rigbl till beyond the ki[om«tre-atanB 8,i, 
where tbe tratnwa; eroiau Ihe road, and IheB aieeiid the toutpalli to Ilia 
tl(bt (lEveral flngtr-poita). 

Fkoh HBiBtEoftaCH TO KoniaBmsT£B. X well-trodden path 


leads from the gate of the abbey to the left, and then along the elope 
aftbePetersbeig.pMaingbelow the vire-rope railway which connects 
the basalt qaiiries on tbe Peteisbeig vith the road near DoIleDdoif, 
thiougb wood and finally vlnejards, and reaches EdnigswinteT in 
*/^ hi. [In the reverse direction, we follow the Drschenfels lOad 
to a point 40 paces beyond the lailiray-CTOsaing, where a Snger-post 
on the left indicates the way to HBisterbaoh.] 

Fboh KOHiaswiNTBit TO TOB Petessbbbg. The starting-point 
of the Zahjiradbahn {rack-and-pinion railway, p. 92) is at the foot 
of the hill, abont '/^ M. from tbe Right Rhenish rail, station (follow 
the railway to the left, cross it to the left by a broad road, farther 
on to the left again; comp. tbe Map), Tbe line is 1330 yds. in 
length and the average gradient is 1 ; 6 (mazlmnm 1 : 4). It ascends 
at first tbroDgb vineyards, and farther of is driven through the rocha. 

The top of tbe "Fetenberg (1095 ft.), on which there are a 
Chapel and a Hotel f Betlaurant (R. 2V2-B, B. li/^. D. 3, pens. 
7-12 UK), affords, tcom the different points which may be reached 
hy a path skirting tbe margin of the aitensive plateau, various 
splendid views of the Rhine, the valley inrrounded by the Dracheu- 
fels, Wolkenburg, Lohrberg, and Oelberg, and to the N. of the Lower 
Rhenish plain with Cologne Cathedral and of the Bergisch hills. 

On the way to Ober-DoUcndorr, Dear the upper sod gr <Jie Zalinrad- 
bthn, and at VBriom other painU, are remains nl an early-German atone- 
wall thai snnonndfd the snniTnit of the FeierBberg, 

From the playgronnd to the SB. of tbe rutanniol a flDier-patt ahow* 
Iha way (o Heiaterbacli, LSwanbnrg, Sonigiwlnter, and Drauhenfels. Tbe 
patb grouei (he railway and then dividea Into leveral branches (finger- 

The LdWBNBDBCi is usually ascended from Honnef or Bhondorf. 
FromflDfHMf there are two toads: 1, the new road TiSfloAm-flonn*^ 
(p. 82), skirting the Fuchihardt and reaching the summit from the 
W. ; 2. the older, and mnch longer, road through the wooded Sekmel- 
ler-Thal 01 AibacheT- ThtU. then to the left throagh tbe Elniiedier- 
Thal to the Lowenbnrger Hof in 2 hrs. — Walkars (H/e hr.) may 
follow the footpath on the fi.V. slope of the Fuduhardt (see above), 
finally passing near the AugustbQbe, or thoy may ascend from Bom- 
meridorf, along the brook. At the lecond bench on the latter route 
the shorter way leads to the right; that to the left skirts tbe Brei- 
berg(p. 97; finger-posts). 

Fbou RHONnoKF(p. 82; cross the bridge to the right ot tbc r^l- 
way-statlon, then turn to tbe left through the village) a broad 
bridle-path ascends through the narrow valley flanked on tbe N. by 
tbe heights of the Wolkenburg, tbe Schallerberg (1005 ft.), and 
Qeiiherg (1080 ft.), and on the S. by the broad Breiherg (p. 97), 
to the (lV4lir.)LoioeniurperffD/ (1180ft.), a forester's boose with 
a restaurant (D. 1JI; also pension), whence the top Is attained after 
a somewhat steep ascent of 15-20 minutes. 

The LiweabuiK (1505 ft.), awooded peak of dolarite, is crown- 


c. Google 

LAND8KR0N. li. Boutt. 97 

ei with 1 viev-towei, msiking the site of sD indent cutle, the 

Foi the dement the beautifol sliady path may be recommeuded, 
wbloh leads from the Lowenburgei Hof to the l^'/a ''^0 ''fO»^ Brei- 
itrg (1040 ft. : •View). Thence in % In- to tlie laft to Homttf, to 
the light to Bhondorf. 

Fkoh tse LOwbnbdbo to Tsa Q&bat (Elbbbo, From the 
Lonenburger Hof a road, forming the continuatfoD of the to^ tram 
Honnef, leads towaids the N. along the £. slope of the Ldtrberg 
(1440 ft.). After 10 mln. a finger-post on the left indleatee the path 
to the summit of the Lohrberg, which may be reached in 10 min. 
(towei with view). The load reaches the Margaretheahof (comp. 
p. 94) in 25 mln. mare. 

14. VaU«y of ths Ahr. 

Crtap. Ifaft, lip. 70, sr. 
The AAr liata at BlantmHtim (s. i03] In the Elfal, trareraes a wind- 
ing, plctureenne, and genenllT nurow Tille;, M U. long, and fslla Into 
the Shine below Siiuie. The riier is always rapid and often g.erflows 
its banks In raiD; weather. — Thfl fuJI-flavoured , dark-red wineg pm- 
dncei bj tbe Tineyards of the Abr (tlie besi " ~ 

d 'AUrbMcMri; al 

longh the name 

signlBes 'pale red wioe of the Abr'. 

e im "edia™" he 

ore fermentation 

a pink eolonr. Th 

French plan o 

, enUUon to hegin hefore tL. __, , 

sktiu has however long been in vogue, and the dark-red colour la the result. 

Fbou Rbuaobh to Adenau, 26 M., railway In about 2'/^ his. 
(fares 3 Jf 40, 2 jr 60, 1 ^ 70 pf.). 

Rema^cn, see p. 71. — The train describes a circuit round the 
YictoTla-Berg and enteiatbe fruitful diatrict at the mouth of theAhr, 
known as the 'Ooldene MeiV. — 3 M. Bodendorf (Hdlcl-RataiiTant 
ChoUn), a village about I'/j M. from Sinzig (p. T9], the church of 
which U descried to the left. Farther on we obtain a view to the 
left of the wooded hi1)i on the right bank of the Ahr. 

The train now skirts the Landikron (910 ft.), & lofty hasallio 
hill, which may be ascended In 1/2 ^'' either from Lokradorf (ai its 
S.E. base, I'/a M. from Bodendorf) or from Seppingen (to the W., 
i*k M. from Neuenahr). Eilenaive view. 

The cattle on Ihe eununil Ig said to bave been founded in 1206 hy 
Bmp. Philip of Hotaenstaufea, when on hli way la be crowned at Aix-lo- 
Cbapelle, for the purpoae of keeping Id check the hostile Archbishop 

1883 by Elector WilUam ofCologne. Tbe CHaptl (cliaed) on the S.W. side 

Hear il ii a quantity of matslve basalt, overlying columnar basalt. 

At the W. base of the Landskion are the Heppinger- and the 
LandilcroneT'MtntTalquetU , two refreshing springs, impregnated 
with carbonis acid gag. The Apollinariibmniien, a similar spring, 
situated a little farther np the valley, was discovered in 1861, and 

BalDIEU'i Rhine. IBth Edit. 7' 

9o Route It. NEDEKAHE. Ahr Valley. 

is exploited l>y the EngliBbApottinarliCfnnponvXimiffd, which hu 
made ApoUinarls Watei familiar thionghont the world. 

5 H. Htimmhtim (MBbreo, st the sutian), with ■ amall, but 
handaoms chnroh which, with its oetsgonil tower over the o«ntre of 
the transept, closely resembles that of Stnzlg. Choir richly adorned. 
Stalnedglassoftbeeariy-aothic period. — The bare piCohei in the 
lineyards attest Che ravages of the phylloxera, irhich here made tta 
first appearance in the Rhenish wine district. 

6>/| M. Venenalur. — Hotsls (all wall spokan oO. On tba right 

E8labli9biiient(iee below), E. ii'/j. B, i'U, D. 3, board S•|^ M: -Oa. Hot. 

"■- " 2Vj-3Vt, B. I. D. S'/J, pen*. 7-W J»l VioTOBUi COKBOBDIA, 

/ „ „.. .., .. . ■--«.. B.^/r|,^^ljI)^3^.^™. 

Pt. (OTProtutaDU. peni. 

HoF, R. 2VrB, B. 1, D. S, pans. 7-6 Jl; 'Palast-Hotil , B. 3-10, B. 1, D. 3, 
pens, 6-1'i M, nitb iardeo and reitnuont (see bslo«)i 'Kj-ti. Bcbbodu, 
&. 2-S. B. 1, D. 3, peru. 6-10^; Hof vos Huixikd, B. « B. 3V>-1, D. 3, 

FiOBi, a. 2Vj-3Vt, B. I, I 
K. Si/A B. C D. 21/^ peu. 
from &'/> •'f Kaiiskbof. B 

Oaniagai. From tbB atallon to IbB TUlA^a, 1 pan. BQ. each additional 
pen. 30 pf. — For longer driiu Ihe charges are usnuUy the game as from 

Fast k TileKrapb Offle*, near the Cor-HSlel. 

Pb^alan, Dr. K. Orube (apeake EniliEh). 

Neuenahr, a. flourishing modern watering-place. Containing 2850 
inhab. and visited by 1 1,600 patients yearly, consists of three formerly 
separate villagCB: Btnanesitn and Wadenheim, on the left bank of 
the Abr, with the railway-station, the post-ofHce, the Protestant, 
and a new Catholic chnrch, and Beul, ou the right banli, with the 
old Roman Catholic church and the large and camroitabU Bath 
EitaUiilimmt, rebuilt in 1899. The water of the Ave copious thermal 
springs (86-104° Fahr.% which were discovered in 1864, is alkaline 
and chiefly contains bicarbonate of soda, with an insignificant ad- 
miitttre of carbonate o( magnesia and carbonate of lime; it is 
strongly Impregnated with carbonio acid. The most important of 
all is the Groiie Spmdtl, discovered in 1861. It occasionally rises in 
athick jet, 8-10 ft. in beiglit. The springs are beneficial in cases of 
chronic catarrh, derangement of the pulmonary and digestive organs, 
enlargement of the liver, diabetes, and uric acid diathesis. The 
climate of Neuenahr is admirably suited for iung-diseasea of a lion- 
irritable nature. 

A road near the Tlctoria Hotel and a footpoUi at (be old Boman 
C.ltiDlIc church ascend to the lop of the wooded basaltic bill whlcb is 
trnwneil with ■ ..-..._ ......_.. 


The Ah 

t lamily t 


eilinct <D 1303, and the castle 

Abr ValUv. AHRWEILEK. li. RouU. 99 

tti«n caiae Into the bands ot the Knigbta of Bodesbere, who iftervariU 
usumcd tbs tiU« Gonnt of Ileuen-Are. It »u deatrored in 13T1 by inh- 
Mstaop Siegfried of Cologne iritb tbe belp of tbe InbabiUnli ot AbTweilei. 
The snull toirer st tbe top commBiids s Bne Tlew. — Olber valkl mn; 
be takeo to Bemmiuto and bsck, Vi br. i to the Joluamitbirt (open-ali 
restaursnt) and back, '/, br.; to tbs Htlluatl (Victoria- HS be) and back, 
•A br.; to the top of the Laadiirim and back, 2 hrs.: to ^n«<Ia-, and to 
the CalKintnbert (see beloo), and back, ll/;^2 hrs. 

8 M. Alirweiler. — Hatela. Stsbn, R. 1Vs-3'/i, D. V/i, pens. 1^-6 JT; 
Dhh Bbonbb, B. I'/iB, D.S-aVi._P™. I'/s-Sjl, with gsiden, Dedtbohh 
Sot. — WiiKir-rerettt, near tba W&lponbBlnier Thor. 

Oarrii^ Tariff. From tbe atatloD to the town. 1 pen. 60. each ad' 
dltional pen. 30 pf.; to the Calvariinbers l Jl, each addit. pen. 10 pf.) 
to Walforilimm, ilaricntliat, or Siaenalvr, one-bone (tor i-3 pera.) i'/t, 
two-horse (J-B pen.) i'/, Jt: to AlliaaUr B or T J, there ai.d back spend- 
ing the vhDle d&y 10 or 19, paseing the nigbt 11 or 13 JT, to tbe Laaehtr 
Set 13 or 18 A, there and back 17 or 22 jT. 

Ahrwtiler (340 ft.) is ■ thming little town witli 5100 <Dlia)i., 
Butrouoded by old nails with weU-proservsd gates, and carrying on 
\a active trade in wine. In the middle ages It belonged to the 
Electorate of Cologne, and was repeatedly beEteged during the feud 
between tbe chapter of the cathedral, to which it adhered, and 
the deposed archbishops. In 1646 and 1680 Che town was besieged 
by the French, hy whom in 1689 it was entirely burned with the 
eiceptioD of ten houses. The Qottic Clmrch of St. Lawrtnce, found- 
ed in 1245, dates partly from the 14th and the end of the 15th 
century. — Pleasant walk from the etation to Lantenhofen. Fine 
view from the Calvarienberg (see above), a rooky height '/2M, to the 
9., on the right bank of the Abr, crowned with aFraneiscaii monastery, 
dating from 1678, but occupied since 1838 by a giiU' school managed 
by Drsuline nuns. Another walk may be taken from the Calvarien- 
berg vii the SttinthaUkopf (gooA views) and through the Oeiibach- 
Thal and Btcktnbach-Tkal to [1^/4 hr.) Walporzheim. 

The railway skirts the old walls ot Ahtweller on the S. 

9l/l H. Walporiheim (St. Peler, with garden ; Dtutichtr Kaiier, 
at the station; 81. Joieph ot Wimer-Verein, good wine at all), a place 
(3801nh ah.) mentioned underlhe name ot Watprtdeahovea in a docu- 
ment of 893, and long celebrated for its wine. This village lies at 
the beginning of the narrower part of the Ahr Valley, which is 
well-anited for walkers as far as (_2-2'li hrs.) Altenaht. 

The railway and road now enter a rocky ravine, flanked by Jagged 
and riven cliffs of slate; on the left rushes the Ahr, on the right 
rises an almost perpendicalac black wall of slate-rock, from which a 
single ridge called the 'Buntt KuK projects. At the top is a small 
Inn, which oommands an admirable view , especially by evening 
light, and may be reached in '/j hr. either from Ahrweiler or Wal- 
porzheim. The railway crosses and recrosses the stream. On the 
left bank, adjoining the road, are the ivy-clad ruins of the nnn- 
nery of Maritnthai, near the hamlet ot that name. 

Ill/a M.Demou(Brenig,KBinerHof, both unpretending), below 

too Boutt34. ALTENAHR. Ahr TiOlty. 

the tsll way -station. The vaWej sgsin contraets, snd the Ahr winds 
throagh 1 wild, locky district. The roul follows the left hank of Che 
stream, paesing opposite the preclpHoaa cliff on the top of which 
atand the tragments of the Saffmbvrg (846 ft.), captured by the 
French Id 1702 and deitioyed by the impetial troops In 1704. The 
railway pusea throogb a tunnel beneath the Saffenbuig, erosges 
the riTOi, and reaches — 

13'/i M. Mayschota (Inn of the Winzer-Vereln, at the station). A 
bridge leads to the village, which lies on the left baok. A path, rom' 
manding beantifal Tiewg, ascends hence to the top of tlie Som (p. 101). 

The railway once more ciossea the Ahr. At the LochmuUt 
(VaM. from Mayaohosa ; Inn, rery fair, B.«:B.2-3, D. 2-2'/j, pens. 
4-5 Jl) both the road and the railway enter a deep cutting through 
theprojeclinggiauwacke cliffs of theOucUey, which may be ascended 
by steps from this point. — We next pass the homleta of Loach and 
Seimtrzhafen , at the latter of which, 1 M. from the Lochmilble, 
pedestrians should ascend a path through the vineyards to the right 
to (1/4 hr.) the Welsse Kieuz (p. 101 ; paths through the -rineyards 
are closed from the end of August till the middle of October). The 
railway crosses the river beyond Laach, but, after ascending a steep 
gradient, retorug to the left banli by means of a bridge, 275 ft. long 
and 56 ft. high, and side by side with the road enters a short tunnel, 
by which the circait of l</gM. described by the valley Is cat off. 
The river is again crossed before Altenahr is reached, 

15 M. Utatiahr. _ Hotda. •Ctai-ASi, K. a B. aVrS'/i, D- a, pent. 
4'/i-7 J; •RHiimscHEtt Hor, with eirden on Ihe Ahr, R, «A. i>/!-2>k, 

•PoBT, at the alation. nith amall garden and >lew, K. tB. i'h, pens. 9 Jit 
WaiasKa Kbbdi, E, I'/^S'/i. B. 'It, D. I'lri^t, pem. i-5i/,JI; HStkl Pbbsioij 
EsGBLiLKT, at the foot of tbe.Bivefcl«v|p. 101). — Ratlanrimf tf ae Wvutr- 
Verein, at the rail. Btatlen. — PenuiiKiona for trout-flabing in the Abr are 
iemed by Ibe Bargoinaster. 

AUtnahT (346 ft.), with 630 inhab., situated amidst very plc- 
tuiesqae scenery, is iho final goal of most visitors to the Ahr Valley, 
and in summer, especially on Sundays, it is often unpleasantly 
I'lowded. The bridge, OD the road from the station to the village, 
commands a lovely prospect, both upstream and downstream {another 
good point of view is the Henlei, above the station. The ptettll;- 
situaied Romanesque church has a Gothic choir. 

A broad path, beginning opposite the Hfitel Caspaii, ascends 
to(8-10min.)the*CMtIe of AltenalLT (950 ft. ; adm. 60 pf.), the 
ruins of which are perched on a bold. Jagged cliff, rising Im- 
mediately above the viUage. This was once the seat of the power- 
ful CotintB of Are and afterwards of the CoudIs of Hochstaden, of 
whose elder branch Conrad, Archbishop of Cologne, the founder of 
the cathedral of Cologne in 1248, was the last scion. The castle, 
which is said to have existed as early as the 10th cent., was con- 
siderably Btrengthened by the Electors of Cologne In the 14th and 

Ahr VaUey. BRUCE. U. RovU. 101 

15tli; it faU Into the hands of the Fr^eb la^6T% Mid ifiriiyin 1690, 
and VIM floallv destroyed in eonaeqaehee af't&S' I'eate.'of'Dtreeht 
(17U). — Tbe view from the Wefi'at Ktmk, oil > rocky lidga to 
the 14, of thecBitle, on the fooV'pEth1>GltreenQdn»finEaj'eft-(^..iO(V) 
■Dd Altonahi, anrpsaBei that troir ^eoutleriHh^l^tt&itsaltloEmi 
the foreground of the landscape' The ascent' to the Welese' Kronz 
from Altenihr lUo begins irith the broad path mentlaiied ibove. 
Still finer is the view from the *8c\iBairMt Kreat, on the height on 
the tight bank of the Att, opposite the castle on the S. (reached 
from the rail, station through the vineyards in '/^ hr.). About 
10 mln. farther on is the TeufeUlocli, ■ gap in the rocks, affording 
a view of tbe Ahr deep below. 

Aoolhar Bufl point of view in lis -Hum (ISM ft.). We foUow tha tosd 
to (•/< M.) AlUHbiirg, then ium Ig Ibe UH. ini. after 100 paees, take tho 

from thB lowor end of He tunnel throagh whlcL th« highroad puaee. V* ^- > 
inni adm. 20 pf.)i the Katsmhonur Bsht (inn), 3 M. from AUenKbr on 
tlis road to Uieimhtm (p. X6); and the Baitm-av li&90 tt.), near Obir- 
^ahtififen, i'l, M. to (he N.W. of Altenbnrg. Near tbe Ultei, U ruim, 
an tbe hill of HachtSHrmm (1196 ft.) and the MiimisarUm, bolh iDrronndeJ 
with bualtlc blockl. 

The railway eontlniies to ascend the Ahr Yalley, crossing and 
recrossing the river st the cliffs below the tmftUlooh [to tbe right) 
and the hsmlet of AUttihurg (to the left; see above). On a bold emi- 
nence to tbe right, between tbe valleys ot the VncheUr Bach and 
Sarfiaeh, rises the chUeau of Herr ion B5selsger, opposite which lies 
the village of Kreutbrrg (Wirz's Inn). Once more returning to the 
right bank, the train paaHea the vtilago of Pulxfeld, and reaches — - 

17 M. BriieifLinden, poor"), at the mouth of the Ka>elingcr'Thal. 

In tbe SeueUncer-Thal, wilh fine roeki iceneir. a road uceodB to 
Pit M.) Ootn, whtT* the path from the Hom descends (see above), and the 
path to tbe Bobs Acbl mentioned below diverges to tbe S., and |2 II.) 
KiutHng. Here the ro&d forks: to the rigbl in WiidmbaiA, BrricMath, and 
CSV> M,i aboQt 3 hrt". walk from Briiclt) gaUnOm (LanBenfeldi Ino)i 
ttaenca to tbe Bitt AcU (see below), '/t-l br. - The fuotpith leading to 
tbe B. from Denn, lad aicending tbe Senntbal, soother •alley with pic- 
toreiqne rooky scenery, ii preferable. Farlher on. It leadi Ibroagh mea- 
dow) and 9ne woodt to Ibe Betn Worth (2OJ0 ft. ^ on tbe rigbt) and put 
tbe roTMter's house of BbIh Aeii (ifmia.) to tha top of tbe Main Achi 
(p. 102 1 about S>/i hrs.). 

The river is crossed and reorossed. — 19i/jM.^(innin0cn (Surges, 
. poor). Beyond Litri (3 M. up the Lieraer-Thsl rises tbe picturesque 
ruin ot Wtnxberg) we reach — 

Via. Diimpei/eld, where the highroad forks, the W. branch 
ascending the Ahr Valley, the S. branch that of Adenau. 

Tbe lOad that continues hence thtongb tbe Ahr Vallej leads by Initl, 
. _,_. ._ _.. J -, >,, ....... .... .„ „, ,_...,._.... J,. j5^ 

tbe pietur 

Bsqnely- sltualei 

d (2 M.) 



< (3 M.) - 

(inn), snd 

«KA.Il<tr«. to tbe p/. 


) Wal,, 


■ B,f and 

(Bienlg), > 



», on the 1 

to Blankei 

ilielm. — From 

1 tbe 1 

two W( 

L. ascend 

top of tbe 

IDS crowned with the 

102 SoMtli. KEDFT. 

cutral cuela.ot fba-biket <rf jtiemberg >nd a Tlcw-tower, fiD ft, bl()i 
(k«r k«I>t (If 41h t/p^^1nk3ter at 'AnCiTeUer). 

The'iallway itad hlgtroid now quit the Ahr Valley, and Moend 
(bat of t^B-A^naiitr Bach, ^v^^ Sinler-Adtnau and Leiir^iaeh. 
■' 36:W; AdBBan (SpO ft-i £i/W(r 5o/, K. & B. ^-S'/a, D. 2, pens. 
4-6 Uff -Ha«tT riond, R;Ur60,'B. 80pf.,D.lVr2, pena. I ^j 
Krotui Wildei Schwein), a distdct-Uwn witb ITOO iabab^ od both 
banks at the atieBm. The potiah-cbnioh, dating from the 11th c«nt., 
but snbseqnently completely altered, baa a tectangular ohoir and a 
late-Oothtc carred blgh-artai, 

N«u Ibe TlUue rlie the two bigbHt poaki of the Bifel. About HI, K. 
la Ihe B , and reaebed by Ihs aew road up tbe SzbaiA-rSal, is On -B»h* 
Aoht {243firi.), which coiumands an extensive Tlew over the Eifel u tti 
as the mountalng of the Rbloe, and on the N. even to (he esthednl of 

fortster-s (ie« p. IM), to the left, lefnre'rEachlng the top. — Abont iViK- 
to the B. of Adeoaa rites the ateep Nilrlisrt CilBO ft.), snnnoanled by a 
ruined castle mentioDed as earlf m 943, with a lofty tower (key al tb« 

road, 3 H. from Adeaau, turning tTth" left beyond tbe TiUtee, SB min.t 

15. From Andemach aad from Btohl to the 
Laacher Bee. 

o Kn/t or Ificdtrmindls ; tbecr.e on font to the Abbeg g/ 
il rainiiiltio, a station on 

Tii the Krufter Ofen, in 2W, brs. 
— ■ , in I'/i It., to Bad TBi 

Ibe Brohl VaUey Bailway (p. 103). 

Fsou Andbbhaoh to Niedsbmendiq (^Mayen, Daun, OtroliUin, 
see p. 207J, 9i/j M. ; branob-railway in i/, hr. (fare* 1 ^ 20, 90 pf.). 

Andemach, see p. 75. — 4 M. Plaidt ; the vHUge (360 ft; Zillien) 
has a handsome church. From tbe station we reach in '/« hi. the 
Boufcher-JfiiAi* (Inn, pens. 3'/j-4^),auirounded by splendid tteee, 
where the Nttte is precipitated OTer blocks of Uva, fonaia| ■ seiiet 
of small cascades. In the vicinity are extensive tufa^quanies (oomp. 
p, 103). On a rock rising abrnptly from the Nette, 8/ the left, 
stands the ruin of Wemeriiek (560 ft.), with a well-p reserved tower. 
~ The hills which are now visible on both sides of the line are all 
eitinot volcanoes : to the right are the Nickenicher Weinberg (736 ft) 
andtheffrti/l«-0/"en(1538(t.);to the left, tiie Plaidler BummerUh 
(968 (t.), witb its saddle-like sammit, and the IComttbtTg(%8Att.'). 

6 H. Snift fAuer), a village with 1600 inhabitants. A pleasant 
road , soon contracting to a footpath , leads from the station to 
(IVt '"■) the Kmfter Ofen (see above), which commands a good view 
of tiie Laacher See and the Seven Mts. (descent to Laach, 1 hr.). 

Farther on, to the left, in the plain, is the Frautn-Kirche , or 

ehureh of St. Qenovtfa, where according to the legend the i»int was 

"nd by her husband Siegfried, Count Palatine of Hobenslmmern 

c. Google 


BBOHLTHAL. IS. Rouif. 103 

fd. 7M). The ohaToli oontalns monnmenta of a, mwiied eonpl* 
[14th cent.), said to lapcesent (ham. Nameroui mlneril iprlngs 
bubble up on the roadside, neai the biook which crosses the Toad, 
the water of which Is now bottled and exported. 

dVs H. Viedermendig rC^iK QutUe, Poit. R. t B. %-Vji, 
D. 1-2 jr, both very f»ir; ErSoiunj, R. &B.2-2V,, D. II/4, pen». 
41/1 Jl .- SehiU^hof, B. 1 Va-3, B. '/j-S/j J, pens. 3-6 Jl), « village 
with 3200 inhxb, and an old chnrcb recently enlarged, containing 
mDralpalntingaofthe 12th cent, ataads upon mtreain of basaltic lava 
[probably ejected by the Honhsteln), which yields admirable material 
for mlUstonea, paving-stones, etc. The quarries, which are more than 
60 ft. under ground, and were probably once worked by the Remans, 
are almost all connected. The roof Is supported by massiTe pillars 
left for the pnrpoae. A guide (1 Jl) precedes visitors with a torch ; 
the inspection occupies an hour (overcoat desirablej. The deserted 
galleries are used as beer-cellars on account oftheit low temperature, 
to which the beer of Niedermendig chiefly owes Its repotation. — 
Gontinnation of the railway to Ma^m and QeroUitin, see p. 207. 

Fbom NiBDBnHBHiiia to LiAOH (p. 104), S'/a U., by a dusty 
road. Carriagea meet the trains (4 Jl, with two horses 6 Jl). The 
■eeondhalf of the route, aftertheinterveninghilli have been crossed, 
affords a charming view of the lake and the flne sbbey-chnrch. 

FaoM Bkohl Cp-'''^) ""> Ebmfbnich, 15 M., narrow-gauge rail- 
way In l>/i hr. — The line ascends the Broblth&l, a deep winding 
valley, enclosed by wooded mountains. On both sides are numerous 
tufa-quarries, some of which are open, while others are driven like 
mining-shafts into the hill. The extensive itratum of Tufa, 50- 
too ft. In thickness, which cavers the floor of the valley and the 
loffer slopes of the hills, is, like the conglomerate stone mentioned 
at p. 77, the result of showers of volcanic matter. When pounded 
('trMs') and mixed with lime this tufa possesses the invaluable 
property of hardening under water, and it is largely exported to 
Holland for the construction of dykes. — To the tight, after 2 M., 
In the middle of the valley, rises the small castle of SditvepptnbuTg 
[310 ft.), probably erected in the 16th century. 

Tha KBii.>HnnsiB-TH.i„ which Aivergei here to tfas 3., containi th« 
fft^lAnmntn (385 ft.1. a mineral mring ilmlUr to tba Krenibr^sBsn a[ 
■Hlly, ts well as Ibe vleinlly ot He 

11/2 U. Bad TftiiaiMt^ [410 ft. ; Curhaiu, vary fair, B. from 3, 
B. %, pena. 5-6>/t JQ- the water of which, resembling that of 
Setters, waa collected in a tank as early as 1700. 

The line now crosses the Brohlbach and, traversing a tunnel, 
entera the broader part of the Brohl Valley. — 31/3 M. Bni^braU 
[480 ft.; TVoubc, unpretending but good; Krone), picturesqf^aly 
aitoated, with an old outle, restored in tbe 18th century. 

1U4 Route 16. LAAOSEBSEE. from BriAl 

Bayond (41/2 If.) WelUr, the well-formed uielent crater of tlia 
Baatenhtrg (1150 ft.) riaes on the right. — 6 M. iTicder-Ziuen 

From 'SititT-Ziieeo ■ roid leadi pui the •nUmilg p«Bk (■/« hr.) of 
Htrtlunbera (10(10 ft.), Obir-Lauiw/m |2S min.), ud {35 min.) Sitdtr-Lat- 
wint/CTi to (iO inin.> tbe ™0e nt Wmntct (p, T4). where ws resoh the Rhine, 
> nllk of •twiit a/i hri. In «11. — Prom Niedei-Zisien to JT.MnaAr (p. 96), 
.bout 13 H. 

The next Btation Is (71/2 H.) Ober-Ziitm (750 ft), it the con- 
floenee of seversl brooks forming the Broblbm(i. On a iofty phono- 
lithio cone on the light, Vjt M. from Obet-Ziacen, appeaie the castle 
ot OlbrBok (1550 ft.), one of the highest points In tbla diatriot, with 
an ext«nslTe view. The castle was destroyed by the French in 1689. 
The key of the ruin is kept at Rademacher'a Inn in Hatn, the village 
below the castle (1 M.). — The railvay now ascends more rapidly, 
with the Hannebacker Lei and the Perlkopf (1030 ft.) on the light. 
10 M. Srmk. To the tight rises the SchtUkopf (i^lb It.). — 11 M. 
Engeln, at the highest point of the line (1640 ft.), commands aD 
eitenslve view, _ At (12 M.) ffeiiem (1330 ft.) are quarries of 
hard grey tufa. — 15 H. Kaaftaich. 

Visitors to the Laacher See quit the narrow-gauge line at Bad 
Tonniaatein (p. 103). The road theDce (IVt-^ l>rs.) paaaes (Vs M.) 
the ruins ot the (1.) Carmelite nunnery of Antoniiaattin (hence the 
corruption 'Tonnisstein'), and ascends to the right to (l^/t M.) 
WassenacK (915 ft. ; PoMch). About ^U "■ 'bove Waaaenaoh we 
reach the wood (II50 ft.), where the road begins to descend towards 
the Laacher See. On the right rises the wooded Vcitikopf (1380 ft.), 
a volcanic peak wilh a double crater opening on the W. , and & 
broad, abruptly-inclined lava-stream. A path (guide-post) leads to 
the left to the Lydia-Thurm, commanding a wide prospect. The road 
to Laach akirta the lako and in '/; hr. reaches the comfoitible 
Hotel Maria Laaeh (B. 2-3, D. 3 JK). 

The *LaaoltBr See (900 ft.) occupies a nearly circular basin, 
l*/g M, in diameter and 5 M. in circumference, and Is about 175 ft. 
doi^p in the middle. It la the largeat of the crater-iike tarns ot th« 
Eifel (p. 202), and, though not ttaelf a crater, has doubtless been 
formed by volcanic action. 

The volcanic rormatlona for which the TorAer-Effel ji rematkabla 

0<^car hers In veiv Rreat varletv, and the lake ItHlf hu obvioualy been 

the central point ot the volcanic aclivily of lhl> nelEhbonrbood. It li aur- 

winnilpflht flue..!..!.,... iho r.trttoji/CBee above), the £aBC»wii?H/ (1508 ft,), 

), the TAilcnttf-n (132B ft,), and the Kra/ltr 

ditTerent «treams of Uva have beea counted 

the environs of the lake. — The lake baa no natnral ontlal, bnt in the 

!-I3t& eenl. an artindal ihafl waa fonoed, bv which the aupeinuoui water 

aa condacted to the Nette. Tbii waa re-opened and improved in IStS-U. 

On the S.W. bank rises the Benedictine Abbey ol 'Laaob, 

lunded in 1093 by Count Palatine Henry (d. 1095}, once one of the 

ealthieat and most celebrated in Germany. The abbey was sup- 

lo LaaelL LAAOB. 10, Route. 105 

piesMd by the French in 1802, and from 1863 to 1873 it vaa in 
the hinds of the Jesuits, who eBtablished t, school here for puptb of 
the order. In 189S It wu restored to the Benedictlnea. Tbe'Chnnh, 
completed in il[>&, nith dome, traaseptE, tvo choirs, fiie towers, 
and crypt, is s noble eismple of ihe Romaaesquo style, being 
most Impieiaire eitemally (p. xivili}. The apper parts of the 
towers and the bemtiful Porch in front of the W. facade (in form 
of a cloister), restored in 1859, belong to tbe dose of tbe 12th 
century. The ornamental details are eiecnted with wonderful deli- 
cacy. Tbe 'anltiiig in tbe Interior doTiatea from the asaal style In 
baling Its iongitndlnal aectiona In tbe nave no broader than thoie 
in the allies. In the W. choir la the monument of the founder, 
a sarcopbagns with a recnmbent figure, beneath a hexagonal canopy 
sopported by columns , dating from the end of the 13th century. 
The two front columns are monoliths of variegated calc-sinter, (ound 
in tbe Roman aquedact through tbe EifeL Mts. 

Oq Iba E. aide of the Ukfl, Dfarly opposite tbe abbef, 1i a building 
o[ two lloriM, erected by the Jesuitj. Ho»r il, sbout 20 fl. above the 
water, li a 'nw/dH', a hollow 7 ft. in width, and 3-4 ft. in depth, whence 
a alreaD of carbonic acid gu (moat peKeplibie In wet wealber) consUntl; 

A cart-road aieendi from Ltaeh vit Bfll (Oliggchlien'i Inn, witb kej 
of tbe tower) to the (I'/i br.) view-lower on (he Oaneahali (1S73 ft.), oom- 

t^DS on the Khlne and theHoielle, and of OlbHicli and the Seven llt>. to 
tbeB. (In elear weather, the cathedral of Cologne la vialbie). From Bell 
vll OiimatHdie (Spltelay, plain), with the Eliaabelbbrannen , to SieAtr- 
mendig (p. 103) 1 br. Intereilinc view to the right of the Ellrlnger Belten- 
be^ (p. ^OT), the npper part of which peiambies the aection of a volcano. 

16. Coblens and its EiiTironi. 

The piera of the large SiauiBOiTa are below the briJge-ot-boats. — 
The CastRiL a.iLW« Station, optned in 1803, for all lines. Is on Ihe 
W. aide of tbe town, el tbe fool of the Karthanae, about i'/i M. from the 
piern, and >/iM. tram the Hhine Promenade. Thara la another alaUon at 
EltrmliTtiitlila (p. Ill) for Iba train) of the Bailwa; of the Eight Bank. — 

the iteamera, bnt not tbe trains at EhrenbreitJtein. 

EotBln. On(*a«A*»a.--ai»HI(MaM,-Pl. a), Bbllivttb(P1. b), Iwolarge 
honaea of the Antelua, -AnEEalK c), B..3-1, E. IVt, D. 8, pen!. T-B J; 
Taauni, Ebein-StraBae, very fair, R. 2-4, B. 1, D. 21/^ nena. from 6 Jl, 
ViETOBii, opposite The bridge-of-tjoata. plain, k. li/rB J. - la il,t Tovn: 
•MosoPDl (PI, f), at Ihe enrner of Iht Sihloas-8lr. and the LBhr-Eondell, 
with eleelric light and lift, R. S'M- B- U »• 9l Wttois SoRwaiir (PJ, e), 
in the Plan, commercial, R. I'/rSVi, B. 1, D. VkJl; Hotki di TMvm, 
In Ihe Glemens-ttali, next the theatre (PI. 361; HStil ca Couiona, by 
tbe Hoaelle bridge. E. l'/i-3i/i, B. 1, D. VI, Jl, woD apoken of) BaoaLS, 

avIliA Least (Villa atrmiB^ai, Hainier-Sti. SS] pena. li/rS A: aaul AMn- 

the Bhine Promen 

106 BbuU 16. GOBLBNZ. iVoetitfal Notes. 

mu. * nilmam, box Iha Euflimai (p. 10S), irilh * *i«w ol at Kt>HlIa ) 

ScJMtJ, Fruchtmlrkt. — OIvJI-Cbsird (PI. 3), good winsi IntroductioD bj 
k memher necasaarr. — BHr, ^lonifdonn- Zjiitraii, iVaniiitawr, botb 
In th* Oceb«B-Plittz| iranehw £lndj, Scbloai-Str. 31. 

Bstlii. Warm, Bnului, To kiib. uid otber bttbg ia ths new Baidmt- 
latl, CistorpUtSiB-Btt. B. — Rl'«T-biihi in tbe Rhine, >(Ucbed to tbs 
brid[e-of-bDats(biUiSOpf,)aad>tUieDawsiTiminiiig-bitlis (klta fOTUdles; 

"^Paat ud Tale«nph'on» (PI. 2i)', it the corner of the Clemeni-PUti. 

□uTiuH. Witbin the toiin-limiti (Including Ebrenbi«itatelD knd tl 

...__. -__., V- . ^ .„,, 70 , g_. .._. . .._.._ 

._, ,.,, ta(—---' ■" 

pt. Diiable Are M Dlfbl (11 -B ii 
...mSSloUlbs.TSpr., np to 110 lbs. .... 

eroMine the river. — Drive to tbe lUttgrtlurM i_y. nuj ti» lac i^uuat:a 
t'l, or e, tbere and back with 3 bra'. sUf B or S Jl; vli Ibe Eart- 
tikiue, T A 10, or 10 A U^; fort at Ehreabrriiimn (p. Ill), or to Ibe 

(bridge-tall extra). 
Loeal B 

Baalc)^ to FaSlendar (p. Sl^ 20 pf.), from the piers bi mid jat^c BKamccd 
twelve timei dailf ; to the RAfna Frommadi (p. 109: 15 at 10 pt.), Ffagm- 
ddr/(p.ll2i ianrlOpf.), ffarcM,(m (p. 113i 35 or IB pf.), CaftlUnio. 113; 
35 or ^pf.), OUi-laAmlHn (p. 1U-, 36a[2fipf.), /Umih (p. 11B-, bCoriapC), 
and BrouftocA (p. 115; 60 or IS pf.), from the 'Haren-CommHeariat-. above 
the bridge-of-boits, 6-lS timeii i^lf. — JToiiUi BItamtri. ate p. Li«0. 

Electric Tiunivayi. From (be Bridge-sf-BaiU to the Ctnlml itaitaay 

tbe Msinier Thor and the Lohr-Thor). — From tbi OBebtn-Plau yli the 
Malnier Chauai^e tu the SiAiUuiAcnu ('/t br. i 16 pf.) and thence In aammer 
to Captllm Cb, lis ; 25min.i 39 pf.). — From Ihei'lao to Leiai-Coblnu uA 
SHUidorf. — Frnm tbe [ormsr Lfihi^Thar lo ElirttiirelUltiH vil the Eailer 
\Vilbelin Ring (p. 109), and tbe Pfaffendorf Bridge (p. 10^ 15 pf. — For 
electric Iramware in Ehrenbrellitein. lea p. 111. 

Sngliah Obarch Servisa al g and 11 a.m. snd 6 C'B vrinler 5) p.m. In 
Ibe En^lixb Cbape], Oorgeo-Str., N. end of Victoria-Blr. 

Principal Attractioni (S4 hre.). Walk along tbe Rhine to the Emptrar 
WWioKi UommtM and tb n past tbe OmrOi sf Si. Caitor to the Ooiten- 
Ptais; thence Ihroneh the trae-ah'<ded squarej of the ^aew tonn\ passing 
Ibe Eofol Palaa, and along the Main:er-~tr. to the Fappel-Bondell (p. llO) ; 

Cobl«iu(200ft.),attheconflueneeof the tfo9«i£e and Rhine, iBtha 
eapttal of the Rhenish Frovlnca of Prussia and the seat of the civil 
and military authorities. Pop. 15,000; garrison 5000, Ehraabielt- 
Bteln not Inoluded (see p. 111). Coblenj canles on an important 
irine-tiade and manufaclaieB large quantities of sparkling vine, 
most of which ii exported to England and the British OoloniBS. 
Few towns on theRhioecan vte with Coblenz to beauty of gitnation, 
standing at it does at the Junction of two of the most pictuTesqne 
rivets in Europe, and commanding channing views in every direc- 
tion. Coblenz contains excellent schools, some of which are Cre- 
qaented by English girls. There is also a Coaaeroaiorixtm of Untie. 

Ai the pnre Latm form of its name (GatfflMBta) Indicates, tbe town 
WBS rannded by the Bonuua. The original easlellum was situated on the 
hdght now included In the old tnwn, to the s.E. of the Hoielle bridge, bit 

been uiuallf made In the neighbour 

c. Google 

[,jn:tci;. Google 

St. CD.I=r'«. COBLENZ. 18. Route. 107 

lutll the middle of tbe 3id CBDt. of our en. TIb gre«l milltur n^d tboi 
reconatncted bv AuTellsD(S70-37S), which ru In Ihe line now julnlDgthe Ho- 
Ml-Bahnhof ud (he Lahr-Str., intsneeted the town uid anatei the Hoiclli 
Im mediately ^elaw the preient bridee, where Dnmeroos remeisa of e Rn- 
man bridge-of-pllu were diecavered in iS&L The Bumerotu Boman tomb- 
ctaoei thU htie been foand on (he highroed indiute tbaX the populMioi 

& ptaoe of Utile ImpoittnoB down la the eelabliabment of tbe Rheniab 
Townj' Confederaliun (p. 166). In the Thirty Teers' W»r it wu Ulerne^ 

ellhoogh the town wu noiely deilroyod hj 11 " ' - ■ — 


out efTeel 

.iDf an e 



of the peleci 

. In 1786 Coble 

D. bee>m 

e Ibere* 

:iiinc> of 

ctor of 

Trtvei, bnl » 

lie wipitM of t 

r (17M) it 



. 1198 miile ll 




1 ISIG 11 beun 

» Pm»<Bn. It 


Btronieit fortPBises on tbe Eb 

Line, but 

since the 




, Sirus 

bnre, ind Mel; 

1. Since 1880, 



on of tbe 

oattlda Ihe old gate), 

A. bro&d quay, affording a fine view of the bnay stieam, Ehien- 
bieiutein, »nd tbe ABlerstein, luus along the side of the town next 
tbe Rhine to the 'DniUnht EcV, tbe point of land between the 
Rbine and tbe Moselle, so called from a former Tttitonie Lodge 
(^Dtuttchordmehmu i PI. 4), nowoccopiedbythe provincial arcbi*et. 
Upon tbia point, which is now about 12 ft. above the normal watei- 
IstbI, risea the imposing "Konumftiit of £mp. Williiini L, erected 
by the Provinee of tbe Rbine and designed by Brano SchmiU. The 
copper eqaeetrian figure of the emperor, 15 It, in height, accom- 
panied by a Genius [30 ft. high] bearing the laurel- wre&thed im- 
perial crown, is by Emit Hundritscr. The whole la supported by an 
aichitecturalbaiie of great merit. Thlslaoneof themostimpreaslTe 
purely peraonal monumenta in the world, and dominatw tbe land- 
acape in all ditectiona. A spedally flne view of it Is obtained from 
'the gteameri ascending the river. 

The Chnieh of Bt. Cutor, founded in 836, dates in its present 
form chiefly from the end of tbe 12th cent., and was conaecrated in 
1203. It is ■ Romanesque basilica with fonr towers, terminating in 
a semicircular apse adorned with a gallery of smalt columns, and 
presents a pictareaque appearance from the quay. It has recently 
been well reatored. The nave ie roofed with rich Qothio groined 
-vaulting, which wag enbstltated in 1498 for the originally flat ceil- 
ing. To tbe right, in the choir, is the Gothic Uonumcnt of Arch- 
ilihop Kuno con Falkmitein (d. 1388; tee p. 119). 

To the W. of the church atands the CASTOB-BsrNNEN (Br. on 
Plan), erected in 1812 by the last French prefect in commemoi- 
ation of the French campaign against Russia, The Russian general 
St. Priest with exquisite irony added the words : ' Fu ct aj/prouvt 
par nmii Commandant Rtuse de lavilUdtCablenet. Lei. Jan. 18H'. 
— The OastcrpfafTen-StT. leads hence to the S. to tbe Rbein-Str. 

108 BouU 16. COBLENZ. MokIU Bridgt. 

(see belDw), vhenee It is contiDued by the CumeUtet-Str. to the 

Clemens-PUti (p. 109), 

la the middle ages and until the 18th cent., the greater part of 
the town lay on the Moselle ; bat the narrow, crooked streets of 
that period which are still extant present few teatDies of interest. 
The Ftoriru-KiTche [PL 14), of the 12th ceni, with Oolhio choir, hu 
been need as a Proteataot ehnich since 1818. Adjacent are the so- 
eslled Kau/Tiam (PI. 12), built in 1479 as a town-haU and now a 
Echool, and the Schoffenhaui, built in 1530 and Btted up in 1891 as 
a muBeum, containing chiefly Koman and Frankish sntlqnities [open 
free on Son.. 11.30-1 ; at other times on application to the custodian 
of the school). A flight of steps leads to the MoBolIe Quay, afford- 
ing a good view of the pretty oriel window of the Schoffenhans, — 
The Church of Ovr Lady, or Oberpfarr-Klrcht [Pi. 17), floiahed in 
1431, with Romanesque nare and Qotbic clioir, marks the highest 
point of the Roman caatiara. 

The Hoielle Bridge, which leads to Liltzei-Coblenz, was erected 
by Elector Baldwin about 1344, restored in 1440, and widened in 
1884. It commands a flne view of Emp. William's Monument and 
of EhrenbreilBtein. — The lofty lurreted boilding adjoining the 
bridge on the 8.E. is the ancient Burg [PI. 1), or Electoral Palace, 
built in 1376, and recently acqniied by the town for adminiatrstiTe 
offlcea. The entrance is in the Bnig-Striase, on the S. side. 

■ - ■ ■■ ' -m 1557, I - ■ ■ - " . - 

a »ion 


ni'cipal Atfur 

'i^UTV (ch 

ri, Dnt^h « 


' inferior 



limes 25 pf. 

Od (be 

elia here ar 


and the FUenbTa 

Fffrl From. 

e E. bMa 

i H. f 


It to flnd 

of ltd 


f a lar^ie g 



. blunted 

lyramid o 

of Smerai ifarceaa, w 

drcheu In 



nch Inacripl 

on filial i 

IS au, ftntral 

His m 

e originaUy 


their pr 

"ell Ate 


fl«tio" "j 
ron'g lines - 

Fred. Willi 

a III 





ESQ tie rise 
and ■imple 

of gTOnni, 





bee hid. 

The busy RBsiH-SiBABsa leads from the river to the Qobbuk- 
Pi^Tz, in which rises a Bttttne of CFenend von Goeben (1816-80), 
(t distlngoliihed commander in the wars of 1864 , 1866, and 1871. 
The sculptor was Ft. Schaper. — The W. continuaaon of the Bhein- 
Str. leads to the small Jesnlten-Platz, with the Stadtbavi, foimetly 
a Jesuit College, on the 3. side. A bronze statue in this square, by 
Uphaes, commemorates Johannei MuUtr (1801-58), the physiologist. 

The Post-Strasse leads from the Qoeben-Piatz past the Poal 

RiJaM. COBLENZ. IS. Boate. 109 

Offire (PI. 22) to the Ci.Biiii(g-PLiTi, wbfeh ig ambeUlshed with 
■D Obelisk, commemai&tiDg the cooBtmetlon io 1791 (b; tbeEI«ctoi 
Clemens Wenceilaus) of the first sqnednot eupplylni the toirn vith 
water. — The road to the E. leulB to tbe Rhine Promenade (p. 109). 

Between the Clemens-PUti and the site of the former Mainzei 
ThoT, to the S., extendi an open space, known as the 'Psrade- 
Platc', planted with trees and Banked on the E. side h; the former 
electoral stables (now artillery -barracks) and tbe palace. 

Tbe Palkoe, a large building with a lofty Ionic portico, was 
erected In 1778-86, from the deeipis of the French architects 
Ixnard and Ftyre, tor Clemens Wencealaus (p. 183), last Elector 
of Tr^Tea, and oeonpted by him tiU 1794. 

After tbe Prendi oecopalJOD 11 was devoted to mlUlary pnrpoaea. Frad- 
eriek Willian IV. of i-rusEia restored it in 18*3-45. The eruundaoor o( 
the 8. wing wat aitigned :s Ibe ^ifBcial rs^sidence of UiB civU goTenior of 
the RUne province. In 18E&S8 it was occupied by ihe Prince of PrnuU 
(aft«TWard« Bmp, William I.) when mililarj go'ernor of the Rhine piorinca 
and 'Westphalia. The Empress Aoguita unnall; ipent a part of ■pring and 
aammn here until her dealh in 1S90. 

The B-OTii. Afirthestb are on the first finnr (lisltors ring for th« 
eaiteDan In Ihe lower corridor of the N. wing) ; open on weekdays IM « 
Snn. lie (Ib winter till 1}, adm. 26 pf., fMe on Hun. and Wed. tiefnre 1 p.m. 
!.. ,_^__ .^._L.. ._.. .. — .__! ^,^ti,g Bicepttai Koomla one nt tbe 

rhe cflillDg p-Llating (Night and Homing) in the Bscet 
ibiet works of Jannarius Zick (1733-97), tonrlnaii 
frives. The aoteUm Boom eonlaini tapeslry laid 1 

Treves. - _ _,-.... , 

by Lonl9 XTI. to t'redertek Ihe fireat. In tbe Eltctcri' Room are porlndtl 
of Electors of TrAuBi, from Biehard von OreiO'enkUa (IMl-Sl) to Clemnii 
WBDCvlani (ITftMSOS); also memorials of various kindt from Ibe period of 
tbe electors and Uter. 

Near the site of the old Mslnzer Tbor, on the left aide of the 
street, riaea the StSdtisclit Feithallc (1901), with an elegant caf£- 
restaniant on tbe groundfloor, a concert-ball, and extensive wine- 
eelUta. To the right begins tbe broad new Kaiaer-Wllh elm -Ring, 
which ends at the old Ubr-Thor, beside the new Hen-Jau-Klnhe. 
— To the left is tbe approach to the Ffftffendorf Bridge over the 
Bhine, built in 1863-64, an elegant atmcture of three iron arches, 
eaoh with a span of 106 yds., commanding a beautiful view (toll 
2 pf.). Originally a railway- bridge, the atruotnre Is now tued only 
for ordinary foot and oarrlage traMc and for the electric tramway 
(p. 106). A flight of steps descends to the Rhine Promenade. 

Tbe new quarters of the town begin beyond the Festballe. The 
Haiitzbb-Stbassb (electric tramway), tbe main artery of traffic, ii 
flanked with tasteful vlHaa and other houses and passes tbe Roman 
Catbolio charch of St. Jnttph. boilt in 1896-98. The aide-streets 
on tbe left lead to the Rhine Promenade. 

Tbe beantiful ■Bhine Promenade (Rhein-Anlagen), extending 
along tbe river, to theS. of the Rhine quay (p. 107), for about I'/iU., 
and passing behind the palace, was tastefully laid out under the 
anaplcea of the F.mpresa Augusta (d. 1890). Immediately above the 
passage under the Pfaflendorf Bridge (aeceasible hence by a lofty 
Iron staircase, see above) is a boat of the poet Max von Sehaiktndorf 

110 BouUie. COBLBNZ. 

(b. 1783), irho died >t Cobleui in 1817. FsrtheT to the S. 1b the 
TtinldiaUt (p. 106), whioh contAliu a few memorial! of the Empieas 
AngQsU. A loate leads hence direct to the Geatral Railway Station. 
An inacTiption lecoida the enthusiastic reception which the King 
and Queen of Pnusia received beie in Jaly, 1870, 4ftet the erents 
at Ems which led to the oulbiaak of wal with Fiance. A little 
faithei on it the tagtafnl 'Monument to tfit Qnprfu Augiula, with 
* Btatae by E. F. Maest. Behind is a station (Pappeliondell) of the 
olectiic tramway (p. 106). 

The giDunda end opposite the island of OAcneerlh (p. 1 12), at the 
point where the Berlin and Hetz railway crosses the ^m of the river 
between the island and the mainland by an embankment. The 
HereUieim Bailwkjr Brldg*, whloh spans the wider arm of the 
river, between Oberwertb and the E. bank, was oonstrueted by 
Altenloh In 1877^79, and Is 1300 ft, long. It consists of three wide 
brick archea, and of two light and elegant iron arches, eaeh with a 
span of 350 ft. Except at night and in dense fog, it Is open to 
pedestrians, who enjoy from it an admirable 'View in all diiecUons. 

Thg bridge lucbu the E. bank I'/t H. above tlie brldge-of-boati at 
Coblem. — Tbfl ratlwny-sUtiOD of Surch/uim (p. 113) it Bltuttd at the 
upper BDd of tbe •illage, '/■ X. from tbe bridge. 

Beyond the embankment, aboni l^/* U. from the former Malnzer 
Tbor [p. 109] by the Mainzer-6tr., is the mouth of the small valley 
DftheX<au6frach(oomp. the Maps, pp.106, 112), in whlchlsahealth- 
lesort. A road, ascending to the left at the entrance to the valley by 
the QtUtnkopfchm, leads in 25 min. to the Sittersturz, which may 
also be reached in 1/4 hr. by s shorter footpath diverging to the left. 
The *Bitteratim, a bill laid out with promenades (leslAUrant and 
tower), commands a beautiful view of Coblenz and Ghrenbreitatein, 
Lahneck, Marksbuig, and Stolzenfels. 

The w&lk msy be jsrolosged to the S., either to the right to the top 
of tfae EUhkopr (see below), or to the left along (he ilDps to the (SO min.) 
•Oanmulberg, witii a platform eammaadiDg a Boer view than that from 
the Ritteraturi. Tbree preUetorlc stone cireleA od the Alope or the DDmmel- 
berg end other di^coverieA point to the eilatance In this neighbourhood of 
a considerable Celtio lettlemmt, wUch remained until the Roman period. 

The aummit of the EShkepf (1280 fl.) ia reached from the Bilterstun 
in *l4 br, b; foliowiDg the atwvc-mentianed path through wood, finailT 
cros^ng the Huicsrllc^ road (I'/ihr. from Cobleni). It cummande a bean- 
tlfq) and extensire view of the Rhina and the Moselle, with the volcanic 
summits of the Bifel (iefl), and the moontalns enclosing the valley of the 
tthlne. — From the EOhkopf we r^acb Capellen (p, 11:^) in i hr. by re- 
tnming to the Hunsracli road, following it to the righl for a short dietaocs, 
and then diverging to the left by the road (guide-post) passing Schlou 
Slolrenfeli (p. flSJ. A lurprlsicg number of Celtic and Bomsn remains 
have been discovered on Ihe^Pastors-tfad' (path from Capellen to Waldeech) 

n the SuhkDpf vl& BemsUckm 

-Wlniiingen(p. 191 
londer-Tlial in li/t hr 

The Kkrthante (so named from an ancient Cartbuaian monaatery), 
• hill lislng to the W. of the Central Station, is crowned by fortl- 

of CohUnt. EHBBMBBEIISTEIN. 16. Berate. HI 

flcations. On Its If. slope is the pictuiesqae Ctrmttry, vhere repose 
the Mra»iB8ofjroiuon5efceniendor/*(p. 109), ATorlBaediter (1801- 
69; on the slope above the chapel}, and Qert. noa Qo^en (p. 108). 

Vlalton, foreign at&txtt eiupted, are edmlHed to the foitreM of 
EhrtttbreiUUiri between April lit and Not. IGtli, The wilk fiom Cablenz Lo 
tbe HU mm it and back lakuSbm.; earrlMIea eaa ascend to the Up (p. 106). 

The eicuriion H> Iho NMmiep/lt. 11^) requlcei about aVi-3 1""- i*'"" 
and back), (ha riaii la tbe Jiteriinn (p. It2| 1V< br. No permuslon ae- 

Shrcabreitstein Is a itallon of tbs Bi^liraT of the Right Bank (p. M). 
~ Eltclrie Tramwags (main etatian near (be Tallway-slallon and the pier 
of the Cohleni aleamboati, p. 106) tud to VtUcDdai (p. 91), Klederlahn- 
ateln (p. 106), Arenbnce (p. 113), and ahio iA tbe Ffaffandorr Bridge to 
Coble ni (p. lOG). 

A BTidge-of-BoaU (toll 2p(., ooe-horee mjt. 22, two-horse 
29pf.), abOQt 400 yds. in length, oonnecis Coblenz with Thsl-Ehren- 
hreitstein, on the right bank of the Rhine. Aa the bridge is often 
opened tn allow vessels to pass, passengers in a hon? to reach the 
nation or the Right Rhenish Railway will generally do bett«r to take 
the steam-ferry [p. 106). The bridge atforda a charming promenade i 
In the morning and evening. 

Ihal-Ehrenbreitstein (Hdl. turn KurfSrsten, vith lastaurant, very 
fair, R. 2-3 Jl, B. 75 pf.) is a small town with 5300 inhab., prettily 
aitnated in a valley between the Ebrenbreitetein and Astemtein. 
The Ktrch-Straiie, beginning at the bridge, ascends to th«5cbut«n- 
Nir?, a castellated modem villa. — In the Haf-Straste, to tbe left, 
la ^e Aur/ursfm Hattl, Once occupied by M. de La Roche, chancellor ' 
of the electorate at Xrvves, to whom Goethe paid a visit in 1T74. 
The tram tv ay-station is close by. Farther on are theRaUway BtaUon 
(left) and the large court of Jnstice and residence (right), erected 
by the Electors in 1747, now in part a iVooiiion JBopoiine (PI. 27). 

About 200 yds. beyond the railway- station we diverge to the 
right from the road descending the Rhine and ascend the biII(Vil>'.)i 
where, at the last gateway, the cards of admission are issued (Mpf.). 
Visitors are oanducted to the point of Tiew by • sergeant. 

The'FortieM of EbrsDhieitBteiii rises opposite the influi of the 
Uoselle, 385 ft. above the Rhine, on a piBcipttous rock, which is 
esiinected with the neighbouring heights on the N. side only. The 
view embraces the fertile valley of the Rhine from Stolzenfeli to 
Andemaoh, and the volcanic peaks of Che Maiteld and the Eifel 
[p. 102). Far below are the Rhine and Hoselle, and between th«m 
the Emp. William Monument and Che triangular town of Coblenz. — 
The present fortress, built in 1816-26 by Qeneral von Aster, succeeds 
a very ancient stronghold of the Electora of Treves, which was fre- 
quently enlarged in the course of centuries. It played an Important 
part in the Thirty Years' War, and in 1799 it was taken by the 
French after a gallant resistance. 

112 Soutt IS. ASTEBSTEIN. 

A mora impoging (Ihongh not ao usily McdslbU) Tlew li eom- 

wblcb may be reacbed by fol&offing tbe CbHrlottftU'Slru^e vid Aacendiiig 
tba TBjky to the b»ck of BhrenbrBltstein, (artber on (at the kilomelra- 
itona No. 1) 10 Ibe letl, past JfeoAtr/; it the top. ne cross the drUl- 
eronnd to tbs open apace in front of the furl (abi^ut >/i br. from the 
bridge-of-boats). — For the ratom, we may choose tbe pleasant wait via 
(30 mio.) Vrbm- (Xoikiopp-i Inn, wllb yieo of tbe Bbine valley and lbs 
BUel bUli), vbenee ws desesod to tbe road skirUng Iha Bblne (to Bbreo- 
breltstein, >/i hr.), 

FDrt&itarttaIn,3ltaatedon th«hillto the S. DtEhiBnlireitsteiii, 
■Iso DOmmandB a fine Tiew. A projecting tetrice towaidB the Bhlue 
bears an Obeliik in memory of the Boldien of the 8th army-oorps 
who tell in the oampaign of 1866. 

Tbeblllan?rhich the obelisk itanda may be reached In 30 min. from ths 

to the end of the Elrch-Strsiae (p, ill) and foUoir the road to the right 
below the ticheti(rnbnrg (p. 111). Where the road lumg to tbe left, k 
shorter ronte aicendp by the ileps ta the right, crouea the road whlcli 
leads np from the 'Pronienade', an4 again aiuends by ileps. Halfway np, 
the Ca/i Rhtiahul, and beyond it Ihe LxiimUiturm are passed. We Ihea 
follow Ibe road to Ihe snmiDit. — A road deaccnds to the left to Pfaffen- 
dorf, iatersecting (he fortification on the ahtttniere. We may follow tba 
footpath diverging from it on the right, htyond the Vidoria-Ooma (garden- 
resUnrsnl), nnd then descend tbe steps. 

The road which ascends the valley at the hack of Ibe fortress o( 

with belvedere) achem A<»$icM). a village with a large new pilgrimage- 
ehnrch, a >Heri-Jen* chapel, a 'Uonnt of Olives', etc., reached by electric 
tramway (p. Ill) In 30 ulnnles. — At JTsuMaHl, 3 M. faitber on, by the 
Nontsbaur road, • prehlatoric wUlement was unearthed in iS99-190l. — 
The road diverging to the rlibl beyond Arenberi passes a forester's house 
(rfrnts.) and leads lo lHh M.) Emi (p. 3131. 

17. The Khine from Coblenz to Hayence. 

SiEAHBoaT In IVi (down in !•/,] bra. \ pieri at Oberlsbnslein, Boppanl, 
ex. Goar, BIngen. Rildesheim, EltvUIe. and Btehricbi nuajl-hxil stations 
Capellen, Braahach, Camp, Hinenacb, Oberwesel, Canb, Bacbaracb, Lorcb, 
Gelsenhelm, Oeslrich, and Wallnf. — ^rom Cobleni to Bingen both banks 

DisTAHCES: Cobleni to (^pellen t, Rhens 3, Xiederepai (opposila 
Brsnbach) I'/i, Boppard 41/9, Salilg 3, Hlnenach 3>/<, St. Qoar 3s/t, Ober- 
wesel SVi, Caub 3, Bacharach !■/,, Bheindlebaeh U/i, Lorcb (l<ied«rbaim- 
bach) ■/<, KhelnsteiB 3>/., Bingen 3, aeisenhelm 3, (ieslricb S. EKviUa t, 
Walluf S, Blebrich 2, Hayence 4, total distance DB H. — BiiLwaT on 
the Lt/I Bant, see B. 18 i on the Right Bant by Oberlahnstein and Biidesbelm 
lo Wiesbaden In a'/,-3Vt hrs., see K. 30. — Comp, p. 68. 

Beyond the bridge-of-boats the steamer passes the paUce on the 
eight, and then iteers nndar the old Bridge (p. 109). On the right 
extend the beautiful proEoenadea of the W. bank, opposite which U 
the pietuTegque<iiUgeofPfiiffendoif(Aidnbo/', with garden, R.2-S, 
pens. 41/3-6 Jl)f >/t U, ftom the station of Ehrenbieititein (loeal 
■teamer to Coblenz, see p. 106). 

On tbe right, a little farther on, lies the island of Obenntrih, 
which is connected vlth the W. bank by an embankment and with 
theE. by the Horchbelm Railway Bridge (p. HQ), below which the 

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STOLZENFELS. 17. Routt. 113 

ateimer passes. Beautiful letiospect as the leaael paaaet the appei 
end of the IgUiid. To the right are the tower on the RUttnbm, 
(p. IIOJ and the vien-pUtfoTm on the Dommelberff, behiod which 
rises the wooded Siihkopf(p. 110). 

The vineyards of (I.) HoioUieim (Boiler i Qardtn Ralaurant) 
produce good red wine; the plain between this lillage and the moutb 
of the Lahn is remarkably fertile. — (1.] irisdeilalmitetn {Douqui, 
on the Lshn, with garden, B. & B. 2-21/!, pens. 4-4i/a Jl, good 
cnieine ; Sarlori, also on the Labu^ Btrau^mrget , at the itatton), 
on the Tlglit bank of the Lahn [4200 Inhab.), U the Junction of the 
Railway of the Bight Bank, (he line toCobtenz, and the Lahn railway 
(BR. 20, 27), but is not touched at by the eteajaer. From the road 
ascending (he Lahnthal a path diverges to the left, passing several 
shrines, to ('/j br.) the memorial ohnrch on the top of tlie AUtr- 
KtUigtn-Berg, which torn maads fine views of the Tallays of the Lahn 
and the Rhine. Below Niedeilahostein, at the mouth of the Lahn, 
itands the solitary late-Romanesque CkuTch of St. John, partly 
destroyed during the Thirty Years' War. The Lahn is crossed near 
its month by an unilghtly railway-bridge, and by another for the 
[raffle of the road (toll 2 pf.). 

I. Oapellan. — Hotali. ■Beilivde, with garden, B, Si/rt, B, 1, D. S, 
fmi.i-iJI: ■Stoliekfels, aimllar charges; LtiiHECK, B. rrom I'/i, peD>- 
from 4Vt -J, well ipokea of. 

OsBkey to the Cutis of 9tolieti(eli SOpr.; Ih«s and back 1 ^ SO pf. 

LoMl BUambeat to Oberlannttein (SO, 10 pf.), tUrtlag abor* the 
■Ulloni to Coblsoi, jes p. 106. 

XlMtrli! TTBBwaT to CoblsBi, see p. lOS. 

CafeUtn, a village consisting of a single row of houaes facing 
the railway-embankment and tbe river, lies at the foot of the wood- 
ed hill which beats the royal chfLtesu of SloUenfels. The chiiteaa 
Is approached by a winding load of easy ascent (1/4 hr,), crossing a 
viaduct. Beyond the Klautt (stables), a drawbridge is crossed and 
the castle entered. 

The "OaiUe of Btolaenfelt (310 ft. above the Rhine), with a 
pentagonal tower llOfl. high, was bnilt on the lite of an older for- 
treu by Arnold von Isenburg, Archbishop of Trives, In 1242-59, 
■nd was frequently ■ residence of the archbishops. In 1689 It was 
destroyed by the French. Frederick WilliamlV., when crown -prince, 
canted It to be rebuilt in 1836-42 from the designs of Sehinkel, 
Sluler, and Perifua, and embellished in the romantic taste of the 
period. It now belongs to Emp. 'William n., and is open to visitors 
from 10 to 12 and from 2 to 7 (adm. 25 pf.). 

On Mterlng the eourt, we turn to Ibe rigbt to tbe tower at tbe 8. angle. 
Wblle walUng for a part; la uiemble we enjoy ■ magnlBunt "View, 
extending from tbe llsrkibnrg to beyond Cobleni; in front are Ibe Iwo 

SaiDBXu*s BUna. letb Edit. 


t'/t-2 hre.). Fmm (hs 
on Ihe BkiDe or go on to the Doninieiberg nnd Eilleratnn (p, iltq, 

1. Oberlahnitein (205 ft.; "HSUl-Pemion Welltr, vith garden 
»nd yieii, R. 2-3, B, 1, D. 2-21/8, pens. 5-6 Jl; E6t. Brelttnbaeh, 
well spoken of ; Bitihom, at the station, plun; ateamboat 14-20 times 
daily to Capallen, 20 ot 10 pf. ; steamer to Cobleni, see p. 106), a 
thriving town with 7900 inhab. , (atmerly belonging to the Electoie 
of Mayence, la mentioned in a chaitei as early as 890. Several 
towers recall the former fortiflcationB. Schtoii Martintburg at the 
upper end of the town, containing an intereBting court, onoe ■ 
resideni» of the Electors of Mayence, dates from 1394; the new 
part was built in 1712. The old RMhaus is a noteworthf Ute- 
Gothic half-timbered edifice. The ProUstant Church, at the lower 
erid of the town, was bnilt by Zai« in 1872-75. Oberlahn stein ii a 
buay depfit of theiion-ores yielded by the mlDes on CheLahn [comp. 
p. 212], and possesses a large harbour. It is the steimboat-atatton 
for Ema (p. 212), which may be reached hence either by the main 
line Tii Mi ederlahn stein (p. 113), or by the older line (slow trains 
only) on the left bank of the Lahn. The station is close to the quay. 

On a rooky eminence behind Oberlahnstein rises the plctuiesque 
oastle of Laluuck, mentioned for the first time In 1224, destroyed 
by the French in 1689, and restored since 1860 (viBitois admitted 
Id the owner'a absence). The pentagonal pinnacled tower commands 
a charmiag view, far which the morning light Is most favourable. 
On seeing the inin in 1774 Ooethe composed his eiqniaite 'Qeistes- 
Gruss'. A road and two footpaths ascend to the oastle ; one of the 
paths, destitute of shade, mounts direct from Oberlahnstein, the 
other from the side next the Lahn, beginning opposite the upper, 
end of Niederlahn stein (p. 113). 

About 11/4 U. above Gapellen, between the highroad and the 
Rhine, is the EoniKutnia ('king's seat'), erected in 1376 by the 
Emp. Charles IV. on the site of an andent meeting-place of the 
Electors. At the end of the 18th cent, it had fallen to decay, but In 
1813 it nae rebuilt, partly out of the old materials. The stinotuie 
Is octagonal in shape, somewhat reaembling a pnlpit, 22 ft. In 
diameter, and IS ft. in height. The Electors held their meetings 
on the stone seat on the top. The situation was chosen from its 
proximity to the dominions of the three ecclesiastical Khenish Eleo- 
tars, Rbens belonging to Cologne, Capellen to Treves, and Lahnatein 
to Mayeoce. while the territories of the Electors Palatine began at 
Caub (p. 123). Here many emperors were elected, decrees issued, 
and treaties concluded. Near the Konigsstuhl inthe Rhtnscr Mineral- 
guelU, a mineral spring rising in the bed of the Rhine, which was 
known in the 18th cent, and re-discovered in 1857 ; the water re- 

toMayma. BRAtlBACH. 17. BotOt. 115 

■embles that of Selten and ie used ta s table bererage as well as 
medicinally. The new quay has been pushed oat into the liier a« 
tti M the ipriDg. 

<te tlH r«Uls Unk of tin Bliiiw oppoaite t)i« SBniesatohl, a Rnall 
wbite cliapBl, near ths S. ealB of ObcrlabniteiD, i« 'fiible mnang the 
tree*, when, on aDm Aug., lUO, tfae Bhcniab EImIotb deprirFd tLe Bobe- 
mian U» Wcnicl of the inpcrial craim. On the rollonine day tbey 
sowed to the KtinieMtoliI, and elected Connt Palatine Bapeit UI. emperor 
in LJi fltcad. Adjaeant are two mineral ipringi, 

Abo«e the Konigsatuhl (8/4 M.] lies the amaU town of (;r.)Eheni 
(_KdnlgntuhL, wUb garden, on the liier), atill auiioundedhy the walls 
and fosaea oonatruoted in 1370 by Arehblebop Ftederiek III. of Co- 
losne. On the highroad, near the S. gate, aie seTOisl old half- 
timbeied honaea, almost in theii original eonditloo. Ontaide this 
gate Uei the preltil; situated ohncch. A loMpsth toflVibt.) Bop- 
paid aaoends heace to the right at the way-poat, outside the S. gate 
(oomp. p. 117), — Beyond a cotton- factory with a tall chimney, we 
DOit pass the amall village of (t.) Brey, aaiiouuded by fiuit-tiees. 

I. Braubaeh (Kaitrlef, with veianda and view, on the Rhine, 
B. 2-4, B, »/4, pens, 4-5 Jl, new, very fair; DeuUcUi Baui, with 
beer-garden, near the station^ RheiniichtT Hof, with garden and 
view of the Rhine, pena. liomS'/tJI; NatiautrBof, B. lVi-2^.' 
local ateamboBt to Oberlaho stein, Capellen, and Coblenz, see p. 106), 
■n ancient town with SUOOinhah,, the once plctureaque appearance 
of which has been marred by the railway. It is commanded by the 
Imposing castle of *KaikibiiTK, 485 ft. abare the riiei, the only 
old fortreaa on the Rhine which has eacaped destructtoa. 

Ib USTConDtPblllp orKatuDBlnbogen fonnded a chapel in tlieeutle 
and dedicated it lo SI. HaTk, afler whom the caatla haa since been named. 
It belonged to Haue-Darmitadl bom IBGl to l&S , and was tben naed 
br the (OTemmul of Maiun u a jstate-priaon down 10 ISW. It ii now 
the propwtj o( the Soclaly tor the Preieriatlon of flerman C.sllea, by 

at the eatraDCB). The tower aBorda a pleaping Isney of the graaiy dalei 
at the back, aad of a portion of the Ahine. 

Two routes asoeud to the fortress : to the N. a footpath, ahorter 
bnt steeper than the other, beginning at the upper end of the town, 
beyond the old church (26 min.) ; to the S. the road, leading at first 
to Hie left through the town in (he direction of Nastitten, then to 
the right past the ancient Ctopsl of St. Martbi, and lastly round the 
E. aide of the hill (35 min.). 

FaOH BaauBaoB to KiSTiLlrCB, 17>/z U., narrow'tange railway In 
IVi Ur. TM line (opeoed in 19021, begimdng at the cilver raondtiei with 
(he conaplcuoua cblmneTs, ascends the rigbl bank of ihe Zulltacli lo Hi/. 
gullgnmd (p. al6) >Dd beyond a bold ilsdact raoiinle in wide cuircs iTlews 
to the r^fat) nk BieXtki ind AfRftrmM lo SathianhanieD (ISfiO ft ), pic- 
tareiqueJy alUateil Dear the DatJuinvf (1500 ft.), Fine survev tram the 
latter and also from the Briitbdtim^hai (1315 ft ), 1/1 U. to the 8. of the 

' Ohmut'cI, and Bhr. to MarUnJiU iTOfi ft.; with a mineral 
the cemie MOktliaiA-Thal (p. 121). We then ascend the lut- 
ey to theS.W., tiiMi^itn r725ft.). — NaMitm, ind Ihese; Id 

116 BouUn. BOPPAED. From Coblaii 

Above BraubMh Bra the (r.) Tillagea of NUdtripay and Obtripay 
(RlndsfQuer), connected by aD avenue of valnnt'trees. On the 
piomontOTy to the Tlgbt atande a half-ruined chapel, the only relic 
of the Tillage of Pctenpay. — On the left, Vj ^T- »bo»e Branbach, 
opeus the Dinkholder-Thal, 'vith leveral mlUa and a chalybeate 
Bpriog (DinUiolder BrunnfnJ resembling those of Sohwalbaoh. 

On the wooded height above (1.) Oa<<rtpav(HilllerjAnkei)8tBndB 
the ohatesD of Liebeneck, belonging to the Baroness von Preuschen, 
one of the prettiest spots on the Rhine. — On the hill to the right, 
a little above Osteispay, stands the JatobibergeT Hof, a farmhouse 
620 ft. above the Bhine, whence a cart-road leads to Sheni (p. 116), 
3 M. distant, cutting off the circuit of 6 M. formed by the river. The 
vineyards on tbe slopes of tbe left bank, ^uown as the Bapparder 
flamm, produce eicellent wine. Then, on the left, the FiUer Lty, 
with a vleiv-temple, and the village of Filetn. 

I. Boppaid, — Hotels. On ibe Blitne: 'Spisgu,, R. 2^3'/], D. 21/::!, 
pens. M Jl! -Bbllet™ 4 RBtiH-HaiiL, witl garden, E. 2i/rS'/t. B. 1, 
D. 31/^, pens. B-7.J; Hibsob, H.2.3, B. 1, D. 2«^ pens. M.*f AcniuiAHH, 
plain but good; EaLH, at the lower end of (he town, pens. 1-6 Jl, plain. — 
In thB town : -CtueHiiiB. in Dld-utabliaheil and luiprelendlne liousB, with 
gardeni LiNGi, oppoaile Iba pinl-offlcc; XissiDSE Hor, eonjmercial. — 
MfiHLBio, at the lower fnd ot the lown, a famfly hotel, a. 2Vr3V2, B. '/*, 
D. a, pern. bS M (closed lo winter). -- Hiatler; /Vntim, in llie Xahl- 
tbal, 26 jB per week. — ilanenba} BydropalMi EitabliilimitU (p. IITJ, 
pens. 6i/:-13 JT per day. — Wino at Ibe Winier-Ver™, Christgasse. 

Leoal Btaamer to Camp (p. 118), In connection with aU tiaina on Ibe 
railway of the right bank. 

Za(liah (Uiiufth Bervioe in summer at the Kbelii-H6te]. 

Boppard (210ft.), tbe ancient Bodobriga, founded by the Celts 
was afterwards fortified by the Romans and osed as a dep6t for thei, 
'slingera' ('Balistaiii Bodobricx'). In the I'Jth cent. Boppard was 
a free imperial town, bnt in 1312 Emp. Henry VII. ceded it, along 
with Oberwesel , to his brother Elector Baldwin of TrBves. The 
latter, wbo conld not make himself master of the town till 1318, 
built the caetle, which is BtiU preserved (p. 117). All efforts ot 
the inhabitants to regain their independence proved henceforth 
anivailing, Nnmeions villas have sprung up in tbe anviiooa, and 
the town is much frequented by aummei-vititors. The old torn is 
still partly BOtiounded by the medlnval fortifloations. Pop. 5800. 

The handsome Pfatrkircht, in the Ute-RomanesquB style, found- 
ed early In the 12tb cent,, and rebuilt about 1200, with its two 
square towers adjacent to the choir, is remarkable for the peculiar 
'Norman' vaulting of the nave. The contemporary painted decora- 
tion of the interior (on the N. side, the legend of St. Severus) was 
caretuHy restored in 1894-96; the decoration of the choir is modern. 
— The CaTmeliUT-KiTehe (iHS), in the pointed style, contains the 
marble monument of a Countess von Eltz (d. 1609), carved stalls of 
the 16th cent., and old mural paintings; beside tiie 3rd pillar is a 
Christian tombstone of the Tth century. 

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to Maymet. BOPPARD. 17. Bou(«. 117 

In m open space on the Rhine, to the E. of the church ani Deil 
the terry, tisea the old Castle at the Archbieliops of Ti^tbs, with & 
bnrei, now occupied by Uw-couits. Bealde the mo»t, behind, the 
eutle, aie considerable remtlna of a WaR constiueted of Roman 
eonorete ('opue apicatum'), and probably dating from the reign ol 
Valentinian I. (A.D. 364-75). When complete it was 10 ft. thick 
and 26 ft. high, and vat tUengthened with towers at the angles 
and 24 Bemlciicnlir toweri along Ita tides, and enclosed the interior 
of the town, in the form of a rectangle lOOO ft. long by 500 ft. wide 
The original positions of the four gates, each exactly in the centre 
of one of the sides, are indicated by tablets on the honses No. 7S 
Ober-Stcaase (W.J, 47 Ober-Str. (E.), 12 Kionengaaae (W.), and 7 
Eirchgasse (S.). 

The aoppreseed Franeiioan Monaitiry with its church, at the up- 
per end of the town, has been conYerted into a seminary for Roman 
Catholic teachers. — Enlgbts Templar of Boppard are mentioned 
among the crusadera at the aiege of Ptolemaia (1191), and tiaginents 
of their Lodge, with round-arched windows, lie in a neighbouring 
aide-itreet. — The old monaatery of St. JIfarlin, a little farther up 
the river, is now a reformatory for Protestant children. — The Prot- 
eitant Chtxreh, built in 1851 on linea suggested by Frederick 
WiUUm IV., was enlarged in 1887 and provided with a tower. 

The XBrianbaig, a large building which rises at the hack of the 
town, 100 ft. above the Rhine, formerly a Benedictine nunnery, ia 
now a hydropathic establishment (p. 116). The water is supplied by 
the Orgelborn, a spring renowned for ceutuiies for its pnrity and un- 
varying temperature. The fine old park Is open to the public, 

TUB numeroai BttraclivB walk! In Iho Bkvibohb op Boppabd ire in- 
dicated bj gulds-poetg and colonri^d mukg. _ The Sreuibtrf (165 ft, : re. 
atauranl) maj be ascEnded ia 'It hr. by footpaths itrgngh the Joaephinen. 
Thai or Ihe Franbaeli.Thil, or by the more iilcluiesqne route tbroueh Ihe 
Michel*-Tbal and Josephiaea-Thal. 

"-■ ' -a Mdhlbafl (p. U6), opens the JTCftlUkal. c 

ttei by » 

wmii imuivn .neiuin-, He p. liB). One of the flnost poinla fg the Alt* 
Burg (810 It.), a hill at llie month of Ihe valley (readied by sgceodlne 10 
tberigbt), whleheommandsa beautifnl view. Other points of view are Ibe 
Oediimuek and the Tlmtm-FlaU, dt 'place of Ihe four lakes' (99b (t.^ te- 
Btanranl), whence four ippareotlj onoonnectad psrta of the Kldna ore vis- 
ible. From the Vierieen-FIatz a path descend) past (be Jaailiilit'-i/er Eof 
(p. llfl) Id IVU hi.) RHnu (.p. IIB). — On Ue other side of the valley the 
KTonprinien-Weg leads from Ibe Fens. Haniler 1o Boppud via Ibe Elfmhi. 
— From the pension we may ascenfl lie valley, passing a rti/i Britdita 
BaaiUiUmtnl and triveniog Sna wools of oaki and beeches, to &lt hrs.) 
Wfltnin^B Ip. 131). 

The IlHkert*h6he (ITIO ft.) is ascended in 3 bra. from Boppard, ellher 
by following the road to the HuosrilckBn as far as the kilomilre-stone 

■— ■ " ■■ »nd then diverging to the left by a path (blue mirka) leading 

. V ■„ .V ^ ,{ jfarie--- — '- ■■•- ->—-'■ 

throogh p 

bine arrows). On the top li the Rutoaraitt tar SdHMtm AuiHcht (alio psnalon}. 
The very eitenslTC view comprises the Seven His., Eifel, Hocbwald, Idar. 
and Tannus. The path descending to (1 hr.) Saliig (p. 118) through meadows 
aad woods cannot be missed. 

lis Bovtt 17. SORNBOFSN. fVom CobUnu 

Fbom Bofpus to Baomuuicu, 10 M., cbit. id 3i/, hr>. (!» JO- The 

»« foUow to the riglit. 1 M. £<kUoIi (Weilfr Izm); It/i M. ICMiOawen 
(to the left of the iDiiU^h^- ScrulKcUtm; Ii/.M. Pith uoendjiit; lo tbs 

A djlieenee rnn^ twice duly' ttom Boppird to (iVf, K.j aultllmm 

Above Boppaid, on the left, liea Caap (£auth, abOTe the village, 
pens. 3Vi-4 Jli Anktr, <hi the Rhine}, a TiUage with 1500 inhab., 
fieqneDted is a BannneT-ieatilenoe. To Btaubach over the htlle, see 
p. lib. — A road shaded with walnnt-nees leads along the banfc 
from Camp to the (^/^ M.) convent of — 

1. Borahofsn (*B6tel Maritn^erg, B. I'/j-^, pena- fiom 41/4 Jg; 
Zrnn Liebautein, R. from 1, peni. from S'/iJl), with a Oothie 
chnroh erected in 1435, a great lesort of pilgrimS' On a bold cockj- 
eminence aboTe the eonvent stand the twin castles of — 

Sttrrenberg and Liebmsttin, better knonn as The Biotlien, con- 
nected by a sharp chine of rock. The legend of theae caatles may 
thus be briefly told : — 

Connd and Heiorlcb, loiu of the knleht BsyeT van Boppard, the toid 
of Llabenatein, were enamoured of th«lr f»ter-alil«, Ui« bsutiftll Hilde- 
earde. Heinrich with rue aanerosltj tore himaelf away and joinod tha 
cruaades, lea>inE his brathsr Conrad lo win the prize. That hii aon and 
the fiir hride might still he near him the old knight bnill the castle of 
Sterreuharg for their recejitloa , bnt, hii death occnning before Ita com- 
pletioTj, the nuptials were pOBlpODCd. UeaawhLle Conradi he^ crew cold 

joined the crusades. Hildagude now puied her days in the lonely eaalle 
of Liebensleio, brooding over her aid lot, not doubting the aActioB of 
Conrad, but weeping over Ibe un^^ertaint; 0^ his return. Suddenly Conrad 
returned lo Sterrenberg with a level; Qreclan bride, and the oulrafed HUde- 
garde, ntunned by Ibe blow, ehul herself up in the loneliest chamber of 
lier dreary abode, and refiued to see snr one but hct attendant. Late 
one evBuiug . stranger knfghl 
proved lo be the cbival 

leDged Conrad lo aingle 

Heinricb, who, bearing of his brolher^s per' 
his fostar-risler^s wrongs. He accordingly clial. 

'between" them and iosiiled on a rccanclliaUoa, 

^ consented. Hlldegaide then retired to the eon- 

tbe base of the rack an which the castles stand. Con- 

rad's Grecian briAe soon proved faithless, and he, overcome with shai_. 
and remorse, threw bjToself on his genarous brother's breast, eidslming that 
no coosDlalion was now left him bul his friendship. Thus their estrange- 
ment ended, and the brothers Ihenccfortb ILced together in harmony sod 
retirement at Liebenstein, while Slerrenberg was for ever, deserted. 

These oaatleg were held as early aa the 12th cent, u a flet of the 
empire by the knighta of Boland, and in 1317 came into the pos- 
Eession of the Electors of Trfives. Steirenberg, the higher rujn, is 
separated from Liebenstein by a moat and ■ masaive wall, known 
aa the 'Streit-Maiier' (wall of combat) in reference to thp hostile 
meeting of the brothara. The ruins (reBtaurants) are interesting and 
command a fine view of the rocky ravines beneath. 

T. ffaItip(9tDmiD, well spoken of) so called from its weak saline 


c. Google 

teatoiWiit. ST. GOAE. 17: Route. 119 

apiing, lies in the midst of a vast occbard, whence ghip-loads of 
Bberriss »re BnnuaOy exported to the Lower Rhine, Holland, and 
EngUnd. Farthei up (1.) lies the village of Nieder-KesteH (Steia). 

T. Hineniu:h. A handsome hullding, once a deanery, and the 
ehTireh, bnilt »bont 1170, belonged to the Abbey of Siegbutg. 

To the right ne the extenslTa hnildlnga of the WerUtn Mines. 

1. Bhrenthal is a snuU village Inhabited by miners who work 
the lead-mines in the vicinity. 

1. Welhnich (Adlet), a picturesquely situated village , with a 
small Gothk church , is eomiDanded by the rnina of the Thum- 
berg, or Dairenburg. This stronghold , begun by Arcbbighop Boe- 
mnnd II. of Xiivea, and completed in 1363 by hia sacceBsoi 
von Falhenstein , was derisively called the Monaa (Mam) by the 
Conntaof Katzenelnhogan, in conCradlatinction to their 'Cat' (p. 120). 
Aacent fatiguing, bat there is a fine view from the summit. 
The interior oontaina a few points of architectural intereat. 

t. St. 0««r. — Hotali. -Liiii, with b^ths, a. li/r^, B. iV,, D. 3, 
psDi. 5-7 jT; -Sobneidib, at the lower end of lh« town, D S'lrS^. — At 
tbe itennboM pifr; Bbitnfkui, E. IVH. B. 1, D. 2Vi, pens. &-7 .«,' Havii. 
JOBO, E. frQin IVi, B. 1/., pem. from i'/i -*.■ Taioai, B. l</r2. B. '!,, 
v. iVfi peni. I JIf unpretendiogi HATEL-HEsriDaAHT FucHia, with view, 
well apoken of; Lobelii, these two on tbe road to Obuwesel. — £Mit- 
Iml, a rarden-TeeUur&nt on the hillside above the towni FsU, OD the 
Kblne, befr. 

Staam-Iun lo St. OoarsbaufieD, 10 pf. 

EniUib OhiiToll Bervlee In Jnly and Augnat. 

St. Ooar, a town with 1600inhab., the handsomest of all the 
■mailer Rhenlah towns, and derivini; a look of additional importance 
ftom the extensive Tuins ofKheinfels, owes its name and origin 
to a obapel founded In the time of Siegbert, King of Au3trasia(570), 
by St. Ooar, who preached the gospel here. Down to 1T94 itwaa tbe 
capital of the lower county of Katzenelnhogen (oomp. p. 121), and 
since 1615 It has been Fmssian. — Below the town is a large harbonr. 

Tbe Froteitanl Church, built about UBS, with Romanesque choir 
and crypt, contains an excellent late-Gothic pulpit in atone and 
the Kenaiasance monunienta of the Landgrave Phlltp (d. 1583) and 
hia coantesa (in a private chapel), — The Roman CtUholie Chwch, 
at the lower end of the town, la adorned with an old atone effigy of 
the saint with in Inscription. 

A cnrioiia old coitom, tbe 'Sdurln', or Initiatian, wliicb prevailed 
here till the beglDDtng of tbe iteemhoat-tratae In iWr, Is said to have 
dated Awn tbe time of ChaTlemaEvB* Every traveller «bo vinitEd tbe 
town for th> drat time was attached to rlog in the wall nf tbe Custom- 

fonser wai selected, a good duckiDE waj the result; the pleuaater alter- 
native eostialed in drlDklng a goblet of wine (o the meinaiy of Chirle- 

Ibe society which eoforced obedience lo the custom. TUt traieller was 
then iavesled with the rights of a member of the society, and Anally had 

Th6 castle of Blteinhla, rising at the back of the town, 375 ft. 
above the Rhine (■/« b'- ^'""^ ^^^ pi^^)) is the most imposing rulu 

120 Route 17. ST. Q0ARSHAU8EN. From Coblem 

on (he riiei. Tt irsg founded by Count Diethei III, of EUzenelii' 
bogan (d. 1276)^ i friend of the Emp. Fmdeiickll., and a neir 
Khine-toll was established here. In 1692 it naa bracely and snccess- 
full; defended by the HessiaJi Oeneral von OSrz agaioat the French. 
General GotinC Tallaid with an army of 24,000 men. In 17&8 the 
tiastle was sutpriaad and taken by the French, who kept a garrison 
in it till 1763. Thirty years later it was basely deserted by the Hea- 
gian commandant, and fell, with Its valnable stores, into the hands 
of the French revolutionary army (2nd Nov., 1794). Three years 
atlerwards it was blown up. The interior contains little worthy of 
note; view limited. The custodian is generally at or near the cajtle 
[fee 25-60 pf. , more for a. party). KefreehmentB may also be 
obtained, — The path to the castle paEsee the church ya:d-wsll, on 
which is the 'FlammentSule', a rough sandstone obelisk, supposed 
to be of pie~Roman oiigin. 

the BpltunitalD (13lB fl.J , reached from Kbeinfels tii Bi*lr*him 
in H/t hr., tommands asplenaid yiew, eilendiog from Canb lo Oberwosal (re- 
fuge-hut by the rocks on tbe auomil). Deseeot vli Miderfmrf to (1 hi>.] 
Obecwesel (p. 132), or Ti» ffrSor to the Khine opnoaile Ue Lurlei and eo 
bitk to St. Ooar. 

1. St. GoaMhanaen. — HetcU. 'Adlkr, on the aUne, wllh sarden, 
K. i'/ri'/t, B. 1, D. Vh, pens. 5-6 Jt. - Misiioeb Hop, R. 1V<-2 ^, B. TO pf., 
D, Hi,, pens. t-bJI. well Bpohen of; Krone; Hoheszolleb, B. fi B. i jt 
SO ft., well ipolten ol; Rbeihibchek Hor, good wina, 

BtHDi'terry to HI, Qoar, 10 pt. 

SngUih Ohnrch Berrice In Jnly and Angnet. 

SL Gaarshaustn (715 ft.) is a amaU town with 1600 inhab., the 
upper pan of which is so confined between the river and the hill 
(hat a bnlwark ofmuonTy, on which two watch-towers are situated, 
had to be abullt at an early period to protect the town against 
inundations. Tbe ProtesMn( church was finished in 1863. 

Above St. Goarshauseu, about halfway up the hill, on the road to 
the Hiihnerberg (p. 121), rises the castle of Nev-Katienclnbogen, 
commonly called the CM(Katz), erected in 1393 by Count Johann 
of Katzeneliibogen, whose family became extinct in 1479. It then 
belonged to the Hessian princei, and was destroyed by the French 
in 1806. The present owner has built himself a honse in a bar- 
moniouB style on the old foundations (no admission). The road to 
the Cat diverges to the right from that (hroogh (he Sahwetzer-Thal 
(see below), beyond the second miU. 

The LoBLEi (lee p. 121) <b most cnn'eaieotly visited from tbe upper 
end of St. QoarabauseD via the Scitceitir-T'ial, or SaUi rallef, a pretty 
rocky gorge abaal 3 H. long, FsaslDg under the TSilway, we follow the 
cart-FOad In the valley for about 1 K. to the Zellmra-Meitli, where a flagei~ 
post to the right JBdicatei tbe aseenl to the 'Jtamulim'. Beyoad the 
Minocbea we contioue to follow the main track, and at the top of tbe hill 
(am to the right by a lleld-palh (g aide-post}. The snmmit of the Lurlel 
(rfmts. in lummer) commanda an admirable view of the deep Bhlne valley. 

the road at the (1/4 hr.) tunnel, or the easier path ('/jhr.) through tha 
•ineyatds, which reacliei the Bl. Qoarshaiuen road about 300 yds. farther 

to Maytnee. LDRLEI. 17. Routt. 121 

A foDtpBth lendi froiu Ibg Larlel to the (V< hi.) pivllian on the 
Habnerberi, i^ommandlDB > Yiew of the buin of St. Gou (mother pith 
■lio from the jiut-meii(lDaed enUe-poit). 

BxcDUion TO IUicB»>EEe, 3Vt H. We elUier lake the Burow-gmge 

nat. ■> 'alleT whkb o'pena t, little beiow St. GoirshsDsui. The footpath, 
prorided vJtb nsmeTODS benches, divergu to the right from the roid 
throngb the 'ulleT- uxl tejoinl it neu Retchenberg. A pleuut wh back 
ii tIb the YiUBge of Pattribim (1120n,). an tbe brink of the vliu-clad 
ilopes aboTB the Snlu Villsy, or put the OffmlAalir Hof. to the S., and 
then through the opper part of the Bwlu VallsT to the Lnrlel. 

The cutis of *BalehaBbeTs, eneted in 1281 by Coont Wllhelm I. of 
EalHnelnboieB, rebnllt in 1319, and dotine the Huiian inpremacT the 
~ LMiiBlr, wu at length sold in ISlg 

Fortunilely, however, it uuped 
tuisHjue edlBcB vith a iofl; tower. 
1. mi) is itriking. Here on the 
e castle, flanked vith two calumns 




U a gra 

The appro* 

.cb t 

of granite.' 

. !»«■ 

nid w. 

original d« 



ba>o been t 

above the c 


The Toi-M 

, wb 

the neighbo 

3d. A 


i NABTiTTaN, 271/ 

1.) JfA'c/imfrrirp 

ari/, H., narran- 
■Uj). The line 
(TO) fl.), whence 

Ptaeli the edge of Uie plateu between the Ehine and Ibe Lehc 
line tHen descends inio the JTMUacVmal (p. IIS). 

10 H. Naitlttan (SKa; ffvnlrtni; Arfln) is the junction e 
to Bnnbsch (p. lit). — 11 H. Ecbhmim auf dir Biidt (12TB ft. 

ZatEiineliibocen <91C ft. : Bit. Bremtr, verf feir), on tbe MrAacH, 
I bue of a popphrry cliff crowned hj tbe ancestral cutle of the 
Eatienelnbogen, who since tbe Utb cent, extended their awa^ 
district between the Rblne and tbe Lahn {the 'lower couDtjr') 
Ibe now Hessian proilncB of Starkenburg (tbe 'npper conQt;'). 
>ath of Philip, the lut connt, in 11T9, b a postessiOQi passed to 
la'B of Upper Hene. in 1819 ell the lover connti on the right 

iC U. SMtafth is dominated bT tbe nins of the caatle ot that name 
(SIO n.), beside which is a more recent casile, now used an an Inn (pens. 
i'lt >)■ — 3T'/i M. TdUAow, see p. lU. 

Oil the left rise the Imposing rooks of tbe *Liirlei, or Lorelei, 
430 ft. aboTs the Rhine. The well-bnovn legend of the fatty who 
had her dwelltog on tbe roak, and, like tbe eirens of old, enticed 
sailors and QshermeD to their destraetion in the rapids at the foot 
of the precipice, has long been a favourite theme with the poet and 
the painter. Heine's beantlCnl ballad (1823) is atill deaeriedly 
popular. Ascording to Mamer, a poet of the 13th cent., the Nibe- 
luQgen treasure liee hidden beneath the 'Lnrlenberg'. — At the 
foot of the Luilei is a large harbour. 

This ii the narrowest (about 220 yds.] and deepest (78 ti.') part 
ot the river. The famont echo retnrned by the lofty cliffi on both 

122 SouU 17. OBBRWESEL. From CobUm 

■ides is not ludlble^m the stsamei, but may be aDoceBifnlly wakened 
ttota ■ small bost In the quiet of early maming or late avaning. 

Opporite the Boiiclcin, a rocky point to the lett, which the rail- 
way penetrates by a tannel , a ridge ot rocks , known aa thb 'Seven 
Vlrgint', is liaible wbeo the river ia low. It U said that theae rugged 
maaaea were once aeven fair maideas ot the SchSnbnrg, who were con- 
demned by tliarlrat-gad for their prudery to thU metamorpIiOBia. 

r. Obervelel. — H«tal>. RHumaaBtaHoF, near tba pier and not hr 
from tbs Btatlon, B. t B. 31/<, D. V/t, peol. 4 Jl; -eoLDCKiR PnoprKS- 
ziBHCa, at lh« lower end of the Thlaie, to a retired litDalion. B. 3. 
D. IVrf, pen"- »-6 Jli UaoiiCHis Hioi, K. & B. 1't,-2'/,, D. 1'/,, pena. 
WS Jli 'itai emanBoBKif, food wine, — FacMugir't K«Joiiraiii, with garden, 
at the foot Df the SchSnbuig, to the K. of the Pranen-Elrche. 

Obtrweiei,t.n old town with 2600 inhab., named Vosavia In Peat- 
Inger'a map of Roman roads (p. iiit), and once a tree town ot the 
empire, was afterwards ceded by Henry VII. (1308-14) to hia brother 
Archbishop Baldwin ot Triies. Its ohnrcbea, walla, and pinnacled 
towen (14th cent.) , orer which frown the ruins of the Schfinbnrg, 
render Oberweael one ot the most picturesque spoti on the Rhine. 

At the S. end ot the town rises the conspicuous Fra^iai-Kirehe, 
or CImnh of Our Lady, a One Gothic ediSce in red aandstone, 
erected in 1307-31. The naROw and lofty choir and nave rise blgh 
above the slalea. 

Interior (entranoa on IhB ». side). The Swwn between the ciiglr and 
naye datas from the Uth cenlnr;. The Bis>> AUar, at 1331, ii iLdomed 
within by delieaU wood-earriac and ontalde by painted 6gurei of aalDte. 
By tbe Bide-altart and in the sieles are sereral PntnHnpi cf 1A< Lcntr 
BlicnUh Stheot-, that at the K. side-altar hu a repreeeotation of Ilie nave 
of the church. On the pieri are inlsieatlng Uaral Fainlmi/i o! the 
15-16tli centuries. In the H. chapel and in the nave ere levflral Temii of 
Ml KaiglUi aad CsuMi of SchlSnbtri (Ift-lTlh cent. -, Bee below). By tbe W. 
wall i( the late.Oothic monument of Canon Lnlem (d. ISCB). 

The Gothic Cftureft of SI. Werner, partly resting on the town- 
wall, on the side next the Rhine, was'(like the church of the saiue 
name at Bacharaoh, p. 124) built about 130] ; fine choir-wiudows. 
At the lower end of the town la the handsome round OchiatXIiurm, 
with its lofty pinnacles. 

Upon the hill lies the late-Gotbic SI. MaHmt-Klrchc, with its 
castle-llke tower with turrets at the comen. The 8. aisle con- 
tains , under a modem canopy , a colonied and gilt gronp of St. 
Anna and the Virgin, ot Gothic workmanship. This chnrch also 
containa some cnrious relic-eases and other objects of interest (the 
sacrisUn lives at No. 233, near the choir). 

The mote to the BpiUmitHn [li/j hr.) via Niederiurf {comp. p. 130) 
ascends to the left near the Oobsenlhurm, Jnel outside the town-wall. — 

DillgeBco to SimuierD (p. 165), dWIy. 

Above Oberweael rise the modem chlteao and the pictalesqae 
old ruin of(r.)BehinbtirKi the latter,«itb its four huge towers, erected 
about the 12th cent, the cradle ot a once mighty race which became 
extinct in 1713. in 1615 it was the birthplace of Count Frederiok 

lo Jfoyowt. CADB. 17. BouU, Idi 

Heimuin of Sohonbaig, betMr koowa u Harahal SchombOTg, who 
ronght ander tba Prince of Or&nga, and in 1668, nhen in tlie French 
aecTice, compelled the Spaniirds to sakoowledge the Honae of Bri' 
ganzK. On the relocation of the Edict of Nantea, he wu obliged 
to quit the French geriiea, and ander the Elector of Brandenbu^ 
bacune miniBler of Mate, and governor of PmBala ; he finally puaed 
over to England with the Prince of Orange, and fell at the memoi- 
ablo battle of the Bor>e i» 1690. In the Thirty Years' War the 
castle tea into the handa of the Swedes, and in 1689 it was sacked 
by the French. The caetle now belongs to Messrs. P. and T, J. 0. 
Khlnelander of New Teik. About i/i M. from the station, on the 
road ascending from the FranBD'Klrche, a footpath diieiges to the 
right (10 nin.). We ring at the entrance to the castle (fee). — On 
the W. side, a pleasant path descends into the rocky EnghoU valley, 
whidi yldds an excellent wine. From the village of EngehBU (wine 
at Schneidor'B) to Oberweeel, 2V* M. 

I. Cattb (705 ft. ; Zitm GrCnen Wal 
Pfal*, at the station, well spoken of; n 
Mamthtim), an ancient town with 2200 inbab., still partly lar- 
ronnded with medinval fortifleations, is important on acconnt of ita 
productive subterranean eUte-quarries and as a wine-growing centre. 
The Church, dating from the 12th cent, and partly modernized in 
17T0, has, with the exception of the choir, been nied by the Fro- 
teetants ever sinoe the Reformation. The Hctliweg, an attractive 
promenade along the town-walls, la reached fiom beside the sqasce 
tower. A Urge Statue of BlUchtr, by Schaper, erected in 1894, 
shows the fleld-marshal pointing out to his soMiera the way over 
the Rhine. A tablet on the 'Stadt Mannheim' marks his headquarters 
from Deo. 3l8t, 1813, to Jan. 2nd, 1814. 

At the back of the town rises the picturesque castle of Bntenfek. 
with its lofty sqnaie pinnacled tower, named Cttbt in the middle 
ages, which was sold together with the little town of Caub by the 
knights of Falkensteln to (he Palatinate in 1277. The building has 
recently been restored. The Earl of Cornwall , who was elected 
King of Qermany In 1257, is said to have become enamoured here 
of the beautiful Countess Beatrix of Falkenatein, whom he married 
on the death of his tlrst wife in 1269. 

Above Oaub, on a ledge of rock in the middle of the Rhine, 
riaes the *7fUi, or Pfatzgrafemttin, a hexagonal building, founded 
by Emp. Louis the Bavarian (iSii-AT) and well preserved exter- 
nally and internally. It has a pentagonal tower covered with an 
mu^htly roof, numeroas turrets and jutting comers, loopholes in 
every direction, and one entrance only, situated about 6 ft. above 
the Tock, and reached by means of a ladder. On the S. side Is seen 
the lion of the Palatinate as bearer of the escutcheon of the ancient 
lords of the castle. The interior (keys kept b; a boatman at Canb, 
who ferries visitors to the building; fee 75 pf.) is unintereating. 

124 SouU 17. BAGHARA.CH. from CehUnt 

At this point , eulj on New Yeu'a Day, 1814, a PraMiui eorpi 
under Yoik, uid 4 divisioa of Rnului tioopB andei Lingeion, 
effected the puscge of the Rhine andei the dliactlon of Blflcher. 

r. BaoliftTKoh. — Hottli. •HaTii. Hebihkcbt (late fPoiwn), li the 
lUUon, wltb a gir^in, R. l*A-3, B. 1, II. V/rS, pens. V/i-ej/i BL«cnBB- 
Bt Batlian'i und tt /eOer it JftUicr'j (lien). 

Baeharach, an ancient town with 1900inhab., Ilea pictaiesqnely 
&c the entrance to the nairoir Stetgtr-Thai, aud is commanded by 
the cattle of Stahleck, at the foot of which stands the beantifUl 
lain of St. WemoT'i chnich. The old town-walls, a great part of 
which li Btill well-pieteried , descending fiom the castle and 
enclosing the town, with thieO'sided lowen at Intervals of 100- 
150 paces, afford ■ good exAmple of mediieial fortifleadona. 

Bachaiach, mentioned as Bachcrcho in 1019 and as Bagaraeha 
in 1140, was noted for its wine at an early period, and down to 
the IStbceut. was one of the ^ateat wine-mana on therlyer. Pope 
Piuell. (£neas SyMus) caused a casli of 'Baohatach wine' to be 
brought to Rome annually, and the town of Nuremberg obtained its 
fieedom in return for a yearly tribute to the Emperor Wenzel of fear 
tuns of Che same wina. 

lu the Mailft-FlaU, where the road through the SceegeT-Xhal 
diverges from tbe main street of the town, rlaea the PtoCeatant 
Church of St. Peter, or Templara' Charch, a highly interesting late- 
KoTnanesque edifice of elegant proportions, dating from the begin- 
ning of the 13tb cent, and recently restored. Jt includes a round 
choii originally decorated tn polychrome, two round £. towels, and 
a sqaare W. towel. Under this last la a fine early-Oothie porch, 
and on the N. side there is a cicb portal. The old building witb a 
towei, now the Panimage, was formerly a Capuchin mODastery. 
Opposite tbe church is tbe Weber Inn, a taitefUl example of half- 
timbered atahltectore, dating from 1568 and restored in 1897. 

On a slight eminence (ascent on tbe S. side of the chujch of St. 
Peter) stands the graceful *Ch-UTeh of St. Werner, erected in 1293 
in the Gothic style in the form bt a trefoil , partly restored In tbe 
15th cent., but now a luin, one-third of the original boildlDg 
having been destroyed. The delicate tracery of the windows shonld 
be noticed. It was erected to commemorate the oanouisation of St. 
Werner, a boy wbo, according to tradition, was murdered by Jews in 
1286, and whose body was landed here after having minenlously 
floated up the stream from Oberwesel, Aboie th« churob (10 mln. 
walk) rises the castle of Stahleck (p. 126). 

it saa<age of the Rhine on Isl Jao., ^It, ponaed a body of ^■oe'i troops 

..__. .,.. .._ ,. ... „__,pjj^ AftBr aboot i M, w« riact 

illeol wblte and red wins. Abiiv* 

to the OoobU Pftlitine. A plotuTWqiw pinonDU 11U7 1h enJOTsd (rum 
tha 'SebOnbllak', 1>U K. from the <iIU(S. 

AboTB Bkchuaoh rises the once at/ongly - fortifled caetle of 
BtaUeok, the extensive luins of vhich extend down to the valley, 
the principal resldeDce of the Counts Palatine from 1142 to 1253. 
The French besieged and took tbe outle and town eight times in 
1620-40, and Onall; deitioyed the foimei in 1689. The rains are 
suTionnded vi^i pleasuie- grounds. 

Haul; oppMtte the castle (1.), a.t the month of the Bettbaek, Lies 
the Tillage of LoreUuniitn, with a modeni GotUc ehntch. 

On a rocky eminence on the right, above the village of Bhein- 
diebaeh, rise the ruins of Fantenberg, made over to tha Palatinate 
in 12i3 as a flef of Cologne. In 1292, when Adolph of Nassan was 
on his w>; to be crowned at Aii-U-Chapelle, the garrison of the 
castle liad the audacity forcibly to detain the vessel of tbe king for 
the parpose of levying toll. In 1321 the castle was taken by the Em- 
peror Lewis the Bavarian from his opponent Frederick the Fair, and 
presented to hie consort Hargaret of Bolland. In 1632 it tell InU tbe 
hands of tbe Swedes, and in 1669 it was destroyed by the Fiench. 

Opposite the Filrstenherg, on the right bank of the WitptT, 
which falls into the Rhine here, stands the rained castle of Vallieli 
[580 ft. above the Rhine), mentioned In 1110. The ragged cliff on 
its W. slope is called the 'DeviCi liaddtr', of which a legend re- 
cords that a knight of Loich with the assistance of moantain-sprites 
once scaled it on horseback, and thus gained the hand of his lady- 
love. The Wispei-Thal is uoenyiably known foi the keen 'Wlsper 
Wind', which blows through it towards the Rhine. 

1. Loroh ^"Krone, with garden, D. I'/s-*. good wine j Schmidt, 
veryfalri Bailviay Botcl), a small town with STOOinhsb., forming 
a long street on the bank of the river, mentioned in a charter as early 
as 832, was in the middle ages afavourtte residence of noble families. 
Id the ehnrch-yard la a*Cruciax dated 1491. The lofty Gothic Chvrc\ 
of Si. Martin, of the 13-15lh cent., which possesses the tinest bella 
In the Rheingau, was entiiely restored in 1871-74. Tbe hlgh-sltar 
with rich lale-Oothlc carving of 1483, a line late-Oothic font of 1464, 
and the monument of the knight Joh. Ellchm von Lurch (d. 1648) 
marit Inspection. The inscription on the last records that fiilchen 
distinguished himself against the Toiks, and as fleld-marshal in 
1643-44 against the French. His house, a handsome Renaissance 
building of 1546-48, adorned with sculpturing. Is situated on tha 
Rhine about the middle of the village. 

Tha road Ihroueh the ■Wi.psr-Thal 10 Schwalbich W/i M. icarriaes 
with ODB Hona SO, with two liocaes SO Jfi there aod bauk 25 or 36 Jt} 
• • ■ - ■ ■ 6 (y/, M.) ioKtm- 

n) and 

JWfUta Onn) 

ay, H.) the ruiD of OmituHa, 
farther on, hejond the <3r>«Un 

he flnes 

About Vk K 



and enteiV the Fi,cMa<:l,-Th^ 


it reaches the long valley ot Ih 

to a polDt b 

yoal {a HJ BamiclUid. New B 


IJb Route 17. RHEIM8TEIN. From Cdilent 

pM»d on the \tH. We now uc«Dd in wlndlnga , otoH the old Blialn- 
giD r«d CHohe Stiuee'; ISSfi ft.), and Aeaeimd to (i</i X.) Atwaltaefe 
U>. US)- 

In tha nller at the Aiur, irhleh uultea with thE Wiipai ■/< ■> iboT* 
Lorch, li (hs Buarknrc, i'/i II. rrom Lorck or Cmnb, onw in the pot- 
■ eulon of lbs SlBklngan ttmUf, and dsatrared b; ths Frtack in 1689. 

The E. bkok or the river from Lor«k to AsamuingtiaiMeii U dd- 
Intereiting. The hilla riae abiaptlf from the water, their lowei 
slopes being covered with lineyards and their Bnmuita with wood. 

I. ffledtrheimbaeh (rail. (tat. ; Ffalzer Hof ; Bh«inischer Hot), 
a long vllUge, eomisanded by the muBive tower of Hobaudt, or 
HelmbniK, a caatle of the 13^ and 14th cent., leMQtlT lettored, 
next eomes in view. Eitenslie retrospect aa far as Baehaiaoh. 

The valley of the Rhlae now (lightly eontracM. On the right 
rises the slender tower of BoonBck, oominuidiag the entrance to a 
ravine. The Rutle, which was erected by Arohbiahop WiQi^ of 
Mayence about 1015, was deitioyed by Emp. Rndolph o( Hapsbnrg 
AS a lobbeig' Etronghald, bat rebuilt In the 14th centOTy. The ruia 
was restored In 1831 by the Emperor William I. 

On the right bank opens the Boden-TluU, at the month of whteh 
are the vineyards that yield the Bodenthslet wine, mentioned ai 
early ■* HOT. A ligzag path ascends hence chrangh wood to the 
top of the Trufditddrlch fl365ft.l. 

r. Treehtingahausen or Trtehtiingihaueen (rail. stat. ; Weisaes 
Bosi, R. JkB, 1 Jf). On an eminence beyond tha village rises the 
Beicherultin, or Fftlkuibiirg, destroyed by the French in 1689. In 
1252 this marauders' castle was destroyed by the oonfederatioB of 
Rhenish towns, but restored io 1261 by Its owner, Philip von 
Hohenfels, who resumed his lawleas calling. Rudolph of Hapsburg 
afterwards besieged and dismantled it, and relentlessly consigned 
to the gallows the robbers whom he foand in posseteton. The castle 
(restoredj is now private properly. 

Al the foot at the hill la the sntr&ncs to the Kor(Ciik>ch-Thal, which 
to • dlaliDce of about 1 H. ia one of Ihe moat romi^ntic lateral vatUya of 
the Rhine. Jnat above the mill, when Ihe moat pletureaqoe view la enjayad, 
a path to tha left aaeands in Vi hr. to tbe Bahwciaerhani (p. t3D. 

On the right we next observe the venerable ClemBu-OapeUe, 
a small late^Romanesqne edifice, with lale-Qotbic cbofi-itsUs. It 
li enpposed to have been built by the knights of Watdeek to ensDie 
the bdqIs' peace of the lobber-knighCa sialn or hanged by Rndiriph 
of Hapsbarg. There is an Intaiestiag arrangement for shedding the 
light of a lamp up the river, and a iimllu one is to be seen at 
Nledcrheimbach (see above). 

A little above the chnroh , on the same bank , rises the pietar- 
esque castle of * H>i»t-ii« t«in , 260 ft. above the Shine. It was 
formerly called the Fi^ttberg, Vauttbtrg, oi Voigttbtrg. Ita origin it 
unknown, bat It is mentioned as early as 1279, and aftdr 1348 was 
a residence of Kuno von Falkenstein, Archbishop of Treves, since 
whose time it has &eqnenlly appeared in history, lu 1825-29 Prince 

toU^^cnee. ASSMANNSHA03EK. 77. Bout*. 127 

Fiedsriok pf Ptuisis caused the oastle to be restored in the medlicTal 
style; it noir belong* to PiiQce Henry of Fruali. KhainstelD is ■ 
very interestiDg example of t, medisTiJ outle, of whiofa the maaslTe 
battlemented toners ulled the 'Bergfriede', the 'Henenhaua', or 
'PalM'.uid the snbstantiil 'SohildiDsiier' on the side exposed to sttscb 
are well represented. A good oolleotion of armonr and andqnities is 
shown in the interior [adm. 1 Jl, two or more pers. 50 pf. each). 
Shady promenades l»ad henoe to (1-1 Va hr.) BingerbrSck (p. ISOj. 
The view from tlie cutle as well as from the SdmitittThittu (good 
inn] on the height towards the S. is limited. 

1. ftm^^Tiprfi.ntfii, — Hottii. 'Kbohi, r. avi-s, b. •/•, d. ai/i, 

pans. a>^B Jl; 'Asui, R. 3-3>/i, B. 1, D 31/t, peu. ^^h •«.' *Kbi'h- 
HAtil, at tha lower end of ths TiUace, opwulla tbe pier, B. liJr^, 
" l.D. li/i-S, paa. il/j-B Jl: Bulb««o, near the r»il«a, - lUtit" 
l'A-2, B. I, b._l'/j-8j_pen<.^a-6 J»,_^all_^lhHe M the Rhine, with fi 


] XOduMm end Bingvi, »tt '^. 'iSO. — Krtu'iuil»b"tt 
bereandbackSOpf. — Small But to ZorcA, 1-8 pen. V/tJI. 

Aaimamuhauieit (360ft. ; railway-station, sea p. 141], a village 
with lOOd Inhsb., is celebrated for ita full-bodied and high-flavonred 
red wine, the better vintages of which sre preferred by some con- 
noissean to BugUDdy, and realise high prli^es. A. warm alkaline 
spring (90°} here, containing llthla, was known a* far back as the 
Roman period. The Otirhana was bnilt in 1864. 

Beyond Assmannshansen the steamboat reaches the Bingei Loelii 
a rapid eansed by Uie narrownesa of the rocky channel , tiie widen- 
ing of whldi hag bean the work of ages , from the Roman period 
down to the most recent times. The passage is now free from danger, 
bvt only the Dutch steamen (p. xtI) and the local boats call here. 
The stream Is teo rapid to permit a piei to be erected at Assmaims- 

Above the npiis rises the tower of (1.) Eluntftli, ereated about 
1210 by Phillpp Tou Bolanden, Qovernor of die Rheingan, the fre- 
qnent residence of the ArchblBhops of Hayence in the 15th cent., 
mudr damaged by the Swedes in 1635, and flnally destroyed by 
the French in 1689, The two towers ue connected by a lofty wall 
pn t]>e aide exposed to attack, facing the hill. 

The steep slopes of the BSdethtimeT Berg yield the excellent 
wine of that name, and terrace rises above terrace to secure the 
soil bom falling. The hill Is completely covered with walla and 
arches , the careful preservation of which conveys an idea of the 
value of the vines. According te tradition , Chariemagne observed 
from his palace at Ingelheim that the snow always melted first oi 

128 Soutt n. BDJGEN. From CobUiu 

Opposite tha oastle, on > qaartz-iock in the middle of tlie Rhine, 
is sltOBted the XonM Towbti vhicb Is popnluly uii to derive its 
name from tha nell-known legend of the ciaal Archbishop H&tte of 
Hiyenoe (914). Baying MiiBed s aumbar of poor people, nhom he 
eompued to mice bent on deiauring the u)rD, to be bnmed tn ■ 
ham during a famine, he via attacked by mice, vhich tormented 
hiro day and night. Ha sought refuge on this island, but was 
foUowed by lis petseoutora, and derouied alWe. The tower, how- 
ever, wu in reality aieoted In the beginning of the ISth cent, as 
a watch -tower, and the name is derived from the old Qennan 
MOtthvrm (siBenal). In 1856 the luins were again couTerted into 
a kind of watch-tower, for making signals to steamers, which Id 
daioanding the river are required to staehen speed here when other 
vessels are coming up the stream. 

The valley of the Rhine now suddenly expands, and the district 
of the Rheingau, which was onoe in all probability a lake, 1b entered. 
Below (r.) Bingm the Nahe unitea with tha Rhine. Bridges over the 
Nabe, and stations of the Rhenish and Rhine-Nahe lines at Binger- 
briids, see p. 130. The steamers do not toach at Blngerbruck. Above 
Bingeibrilekis thepavilionon the BilBenhEhe [p. 130). OverBlngen 
rise the Klopp and the Rochusberg, with Its view- tower (p. 129). 

r. Blngen. — HataU. On fM BAIiu Ouov-* HStil Vicroaia, near tha 
slatioD, S. 2>lt-V/,, B. l>/i, D. S, peni. G.9 Jl, good wins of It* own erowinct 
STiKKWBnRGKB Hop, R. 2-3, B. 1, D, 3, pem. B'/i-S j|; Di.ibi,, E. 1'/.- 
31/,, B. >/.. D- 2, P6°'- B-B'/t Jl: Dsutscbi. H»c., R. Ii/r3, B. ^/», 
D. I'frS, peoa. horn B J, vwy fair: oaaai, B. I'/.-S'/i, B. »/,, D. Hft- 

Pnuo, KapTiilner-^tr. 12, neii 
l'^-2V. Jf.-Hfrrai. D'A»o. 
the Spel9« -Harkt. R. A B 
»!ROlp.l29),K, I'/r^V.,! 
1 BO pf. — ^ BinsirtrVet. 

rr. tha lUllon. — Saataonata. Cafi-Ralauraal 
Cafi eoliar, at the a6i. Hilidmt {ms abois) i 

— uumsDUDiKm. Jtihaana, SOetir, both on 

From Siitgt" AoiJuatf fitaiiDn, past the Fsrry 

S. Frum Bingm Saaua^ Slatton to Budtahelm. 

eet'l to mde,h€im {p. 130), about 38 limes daily 

i times dally ^om Bing^r^^'iiet vil Binafla 

BteamM to ittmamiulUHM* and HMuiMia, see p. XtO. 

Mnn.. T<™m. 1-2 parB. i'/i Jl, tach additional part. 

B.3J(; It "■ ■, «, 7, * 8 Jt. 

Railwaj to Ma^tnct and CotAtnt^ s 
■Octta, 9EB E. 23. ~ The iloihRit' ^'a"' 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 


10 Mayenet. filNSEM. 17. Souit. 129 

Bingm (260fl.)> « Hoaslui dlatiiW-Wwn with 9670inhiib., 
■itasted U ibe conflaence of the Sake and Rhine, na known to the 
Bomuis, wlkO erected s caitle here, at the point whence their milltuy 
toadi to Cologne and TriTei diverged. In 70 A.D. a btXtla wu fought 
kt Bingtmn between the Bomsna and the Gaula. In the middle age& 
it »a> a tree town of the empire uid one of the earliest membera of 
the eonfedeTition of KhenUh towns (p. 156). During the Thirty 
Yean' Wai it was repeatedly captured, and in 1089 It was almost 
totally destroyed by the French. Bingen carries on a Urge trade in 
wine, snd its tecent ptoapeilty ia teatiSed by its new irtnter- 
liaiboiu, quays, and embankments. It Is the seat of the Bhenlih 
Technical CoUtgt (900 students') and of an Industrial School. The 
Itte-Oothie Pfarrkireht, of the l5th cent., with a Komanesquo ciypt 
of the 1 1th, haa been modernised. The Gothic font dates from the 
15th oentuiy. 

Above the town, ou the atte of the ancient Roman foitiesi, rises 
tbe castle of Klopp, which was destroyed by the French in 1689, 
but has been tastefully restOTod and extended since 1854. It now 
accommodates the municipal offices. The tower and terrace afford 
a beautiful view. The tower contains a collection of antiquities 
(adm. 20 ft.). The moat ia now laid out as a garden. The Qoeben- 
Strisse, the Schloss-Straase, and the Rochns-Strasse (beyond the 
Hfitel d'Angletene] ascend to it from Che Rhine. Kmp. Henry IV. 
was seized here at Christmas, 1105, by his treacherous son 
(afterwards Heniy V.), who carried him captive to the cutle of 
Bockelheim (p. 170> 

The flneat point in the neighbourhood of Bingen is the *Boel»is- 
berg, with the Kochut-Capellt and the ScKarlachkoff, each about 
'/j-*/4 hr. from the town. The routes thither ate all provided with 
guide-posU. From the oastle of Klopp we may proceed direct vlji 
the Marlahflf-Strasae and the RuperCua - Stiasse. At the top we 
reach the HStet Rochutbtrs (p. 128), with a veranda, commanding 
a flne view, and thenoe we follow the road on the margin of wood 
(or thiough the woods, below, passing a round dovo-cot), which 
leads to the cbapel in 8 min. more. 

The Boohna-Gspells, a chapel on the B. brow of the Roefrntltrg, 
was built in 1677 in memory of the pligoe of 1666, struck by 
lightning and burnt to the ground in 1889, and handsomely rebuilt 
in 1889-91 In a lale-Gotbic stylo from plans by Meckel. At the 
festival of St. Boch (flrst Sunday after 16th Aug.), charmingly de- 
scribed by Goethe, thousands of persons congregate here and celebrate 
flsrtatn solemnities, to which open-air dances, music, and feasting 
form a lively seqnel. — The ffempJer &b, 4 min, toCheN.E. of the 
chapel , commands a fine view over the whole of the Bheingaa 

(p. «o- 

From the Hotel Boohusberg a shady path leads in 20 mlu. to the 
BthulMbkopf (610 ft.), the highest point of the Bochusberg, the 
BaiDuaa's BUns. l«b Edit. 9 ■ 

130 fioute 17. RUDESHEIM. FrMn Coblem 

S. slopes of which, situated in the disiiict of Biideihtim, yield tbe 
flery Sshariachberf/er wtne. A fine vieii of the Nohe Talley, the 
Tsnnus, and the Rheingau is obtiined from the Kaistr FHedrlch 
Thurm on the top, 69 ft high. 
' Near ita mouth the Nahe is crossed by a Eailviay Bridge, which 
is also open to carriages and foot-psesengeia. The old Bridge, with 
Its seven arches, about 1/3 M. farther np, is built on the foundations 
of an old liomaii bridge, and has been repeatedly restored. Below 
the bridge is an underground Bomanesque chapel. — Above the old 
bridge the Hunsruckroadaecends to the floniMI,! fine point of view. 

On the left or Prussian bank of the Nahe, on the Ruppertaberg, 
lies Bii^erbrfiek (hotels, see p. 128), a yilUge with 1600 inhab., 
and the station of the Rhine and Nahe Railway (p. 166). A Bene- 
dictine nunnery, formerly sitoated on the Ruppertsberg, was de- 
stroyed by the Swedes in 1632, 

The Blisenhtha (830 n.; paTllian), reached rrom Blnt-erbrdck edition 
in 'A It., command* a fine view of the Rlieingau and ibe Niederwald. — 
Other good poinU of vie™ an: Ibc Prinrmlopf and' fanber on, Ibe Oainiani- 

path leads 10 the Sdnceiierhaut {Vaiisberacr Hof, Bnre RhelBilein, see 
p. 137) in >/i bt. 

On the E. bank, nearly opposite Bingen, lies KQdesheim, of 
wine-gtowing celebrity. 

I. Bideihelm. — HoUls, all in the Ehein-Str. (some closed In winler). 

Boati from Eudesheim loBineen, l-lO.periou U; Blngerbriick, 
1-5 a Jl, fnr (ach additional pen. 10 pf., trunk 10 pf. ; to AMmaBM- 
hauHn 1-6 pera 3 Jl, each additional pera. IQ pf, , to Sheinstein and Ass- 
mannahiuaen 5 JT. 

Rudeaheim (255 ft.), a district-town with 4800 inhab., most of 
whom live by the culture of the vine, lies in a sunny situation it 

to Uoycnec. BODESHEIH. 17. Route. 131 

the S. bma of the Sitderwald (p. 136), >l the point vheie tba 
valley of the Rhine eipaad^ into the hroad bssin of tha Rheingau. 
The celebrated wloe of the place can boast the longest pedtgree on 
the Rhine, though some of Its biethien of the Rheingaa aie now 
coDsidered anperioi. The best aoits ate yielded by tbe vioeyaidB 
behind Che tovn, called the HinteThaiii. the RolUand, cloee to the 
Btation, and those of tha Btrg (p. 127) eitending below tha town 
to Ebienfela. 

At tbe npper end of tbe to»u Kre the Proteatant Chvrdi, built in 
1855, and the Ute-Gothic Adlerthtirm, a relic of the old fortifloa- 
tions. Adjacent is the station of the Niedeiwild railway (p. 137). — 
The Qotbie CIniTch of St. Jama {Horn. Catb.), in the market-place, 
built about 1390-1400, has intereiting paintings from tbe Passion 
on the vanlting [ea. 1400), and contains ta elaborate iate-KenaiS' 
aance altar (ca. 1590) and two fine Ranaiasauce monuments of the 
Bromseis of Uadesheim (1543 and 1667], one of the most distin- 
guisbedli nightly families on the Rhine, which became extinct in 1678. 

Tbe Vorderburg. a fragment of a aqnare tower near the market- 
place, 33 ft. in height, is a relic of one of the tbiee eaatles of Rndea- 
heim. At tbe lower end of the town, near the Rhenish station, rises 
the BrormtrbuTt, or properly tba fikderiuTg, the ptopeity of Count 
Ingelheim, a massive rectangular stractnTe. In tbe 10-l!2tbcent. it 
belonged to tbe Arehblsbops of Mayence and it afterwards became 
tbe seat of the Knights of RQdesheim, who became eitinctin 1548. 
Tbe Oberburg, or BoaattAutg, behind the Bramserburg, wag entirely 
rebuilt in 1868, with the exception of tbe keep. 

The Brdmicrhof, a mansion of tbe 16-17tb cent, (now a char- 
itable instilntlon), in the Obergasse, has a pointed tower covered 
with slates and contains ancient f^scoes (1558). 

- daabeim lo tbe min of SlHv^fiU (p. i3T), >/■ br. 

It walk nuT l>e taken Id the H.W. to (I'/^hr.) the foreslar'a 

rom Kadaabeim to tbe mIn of £1Maiftli (p. 137), >/■ br. 
walk nuT be taken lo the H.W. to (l>l^hT.) tli 
a-MU am a, ; re.liLurant_«iHi Bjoms, pen.. I JT), i 

li (p. 1^. From Eammerforal a broad path lead* Ibrongb 
Lorch. Comp. Hap, p. 133. 

At Riidesheim begins tbe 'Khbingad, a rich and beantiful 
district, whioh produces some of the most famous and costly wines 
In tbe world. Tbe name is now applied to the tract on the E. (here 
N.)bank of the Rhine between Riidesbeim and Niederwalluf, about 
12 M. in length and 5 M. in breadth. It formerly belonged lo the 
Archbishopric of Mayence and extended down the rlTet as far as 
Lorch. It was once completely enclosed by the 'Gtbiicic', a densely 
interwoven and impenetiable belt of trees about 50 paces in width. 

EUville lo (2>/< M.) KiidHeK (p. 1SS|, und then paat the iDoalic 

jid Tii SOU. 

sr the Boi and pagi tbe Sltin^tfll 

132 BoulelT. JOHAI4NI8BgKG. From CobUM 

Od theaammltof tbeNiedenrald, to the left, riaes the National 
Mauument (p. 137}. — Attei paaslng Ktmpten and (rail, stat.) 
GaiUiheim, we leadi — 

1. a«imiiMuii {^Frankfurter Hof, R.I73-2V1, B. »/*-!, D. 1-3, 
pens. 4-6Va ^^ BeutacAM Haus , pens. 4 Jlf Qcrmania, un- 
pretending), a pleauut tittle tonn vith 3800lnhab., mentioned 
in histoiy aa early aa the 8th eentoty, and now boaating of a number 
of eonntry-houses. The late-Gothic Churdi, completed In 161B, haa 
a consplcuona portal, and open towers of red sandstone added by 
Hoffmann in 1838; the Interior was moderniied in 1745-6'2. The 
adjoining tower (100 ft. high) belongs to ■ factory of sparkling wine. 
The Rathhatit was erected in 1856. At the opper end of the town 
are a new Romanesqae church and the mansions of Coanti Ingtlhtim 
and Sehoenbom. At the W., or lower, entrance to the town is the 
villa Monrepai of Hen- Ton Lade, wiUi an interesting garden and 
orchards. Near the atatton is the (Enologital and PomoUgical Aca- 
demy, a govemment-lnstitution for the scientifla instruction of 
wine and frait growers. Behind rises the red RoVteberg, the slopes 
of which produce the best Geiienheim wine. 

Ontlis MU behind Oelienhetm, near Xiblncao (lis n.i Siihll/cr- - 

a little to tlie N. i» Ihe new nunnery 
IheN.E., ontheHilliide. aretHeFema 
gottet (Affon<a . 

S. (2>/i H. from Baduhelm) is ii» ■vmei <i-vii-s»ii ui surHwmii. 

L Sehloai Johanniiberg, a eonspicnoua point in the landscape, 
picturoBijuely situated on a vine-clad eminence, 340 ft. abov^ the 
Rhine, may 'je reached in >/<■ l>i- hy good loads either from Geiaen- 
helm or from Winkel (p. 133). The extensive ch&teac was erected 
in 1757-59 by the Prince- Abbot ofFulda, on the site of sn old 
Benedictine monastery fonnded by Archbishop Rathard in 1090. In 
1802, on the siippression of the Abbey of Fulda (which purchased 
the Johannisberg from Uayence in ITIS^, the cisfle became the 
property of the Prince of Orange, in 1807 it was presented by Na- 
poleon to Marshal Kellermann, and in 1816 it was conferred by the 
Emp. of Austria as an Imperial fief on Prince Clemens of Metter- 
nich, who did not fully recognise the soieieignty of the Duke of 
Nassau till 1851. The far-famed vineyards (comp. p. nil), in area 
abont &5 acres, yielding, in ^ood years, an income of 7(l00i., are 
most carefully cultivated, and take the lead among the vineyards of 
the Rhine, although of late years there has been a great rivslry be- 
tween the wines of Johannisberg and Steinberg (p. 134). Visitors 
are not admitted to the interior of the chateau, though, when tha 
family is absent, they may enjoy the striking view from the terrace 
in front. (Good Johannleberger may be procured from the steward at 
47; .a and upwards per bottle.) The Chaptl of the chateau, con- 
secrated in 1130, rebuilt in 1717-30, and modernised In the 
19th century, conuins the tomb of the Rhenisli historian Niehotai 

to IHayenet. HATTENHElH. IT. Boule. 133 

Vogt [d. 1836), the tntor of Piinca Matternich. — To tho E, of 
the chateau, on the road to Winkel, U Iha yilla of Herr von Mnmm 
of Flaakfoit. — On the Hanieiherg, a hill lowei down the Rhine, 
a Uttla below Johaunisberg, is the YOIa Baaei, 

A few minutes' walk from the Schloss we reach Sorf Joluumu- 
bsrg {*Zum 8chto>» Johanniiberg). To the 3.W. 1» Johanniabtrg im 
Grtmd (Katitet's Tavaro), a Tillage with a large manufaetocy of 
printing-pies sea. Near it, at the foot of the Schloss, Ilea the 'Klautt', 
the Temains of a nannsry founded about 1150, and suppressed in 
14&2. Fioe Tiew ot Ingelheim (p. 140) to the left. 

1. Winkal tRkeingaver Hof, with garden; Daring) and MitUl- 
heim together form one long street, so long that Qoethe has described 
it aa very trying to the patience. Near the Rhine ia the Qraat Haiu, 
in the Bomanasqiie style (11th, cent.?). At the W. extremity ia 
sitaated the coaDtry-hoase ot Herr Brenlana, mentioned along with 
Ooethe in Bettina toq Arnim'a 'Correapon dance ot a Child', wheie 
memorials of the poet ate still pteseiveil. 

At (1.) OMtrlch (SUinktimer, Sehwan, both on the Rhine ; beet 
at Wintd ij the inhabitaats of the Khelngau formerly swore fealty 
to each newly-elected Archbishop of Mayence, who w»a obliged first 
to oonfiim the piirilegas of the people. The Tillage (2000 inbab.) 
with its projecting crane, and the Johannisberg in the background, 
affords a pleasant picture. 

On tbg elope beUnd Oealiich lies Hall(art«B (6(6 ft-; Knmtr, pl^n), 
in tie midat of Tine^ardsi nMr it is the well-proserved ohSteau of FoJi- 
rodj, probably erected in 1362 by a member of the Qrti^aitlav family, In 
whoBO posBesiion It aUll la. Above HallEacten (1 hr.) risee the SaltfarUr 
Zangi (18D0 ft. ; Inn], with a vlaw-lowei. 

Before reaching (1.) H»ttenheim (*Reii, on the Rhine, R. from 
I'/a, D. from l^/sJl: beet at Solft), a Tillage of ISOOinhab., with 
eitenaive cellars for the storage of wine, the road pasaea Schloii 
BticharUhauaen, in a email park, 1 M. from Oestricb. 

lelected for their mouuteriea. ('Semai 

oppida FtaneljcoB, celebres Ignatius 

The Abboy (aSm. 1-3 par.. BO pt.. 

more IJI; the door-keeper and the 
ct a fee), aecnlariaed in isfe, and now 

eellerman who acta aa guide also expe 

■ioua perioda from Ike 121h lo the 

OiurcA. conaecrated in 1186 and re 

oeotly reslored. Is chacaclerUUe o( 

the earlleit day* of tba Cistareian Oi 

rder 1 It contains a number of 'Mm- 

of Qerlach, Arcbblahup of Uayence 

(d. 13T1), and Adolph H. ot Hasaau 

(d. imi. particolirlj deaervea In- 

apeetlon. The ao-ulled RefKioTTi of the ISth cent. Imora probably the In- 

les, the dolhio Chapta- ffoua. of th« 

larse Dtyrmitorii (partly illcrod), and 

a part of Ihe cloisters which Is ilUl ] 

^reserved are all deaerving of notice. 

The ranlta below these baildingi 

are nied aa wine<cellara. The im- 

portant wine-aucHoBS whieh lake pU 

all the moM no led Bhenish wina-mei 



Is tbe former Palace ot the Dukes of Nissan , now in Cbe possession 
of tbe Qrand-Doke of Luxembourg, completed in 1706 in tbe Re- 
naissance style. The extensile 'Park contains a splendid ehestnnt 
sTenae and other fiae trees. The Maosburg, ■ minlatDie castle in 
the park, bnilt io 1806 in the mediiBTal style, occupies the sita 
of the imperisl palace of Bibttrk , where Louis the German resided 
in 874 (no admission). — From Blebrlch to Wiesbaden, vW the 
Sictrich Water Tmetr (fine Tieir), see p. 153. 

Opposite Biebrich Ilea the Stttbtrgi-Av and on the left bank, 
lower down, U Amantbtrg, tbe Srst Hessian village, with cemaut 
and chemical works. The steamboat next passes between two Is- 
lands, tbe IngelheimtT Ati (lestaiirant in the hnnttng-lodge}, now 
connected with tbe mainland to form the new winter-harboni of 
Mayence (p- 159}, on the right, and on tbe left the Peten-Au, over 
which passes the new railway ' bridge (930 ydi. long; built in 
1901-3) of the Mayence and Wiesbaden line. On the Peters Ad, 
at his summer-residence, the Emp. Louis the Pious, son and 
suCMBSor of Charlemagne , expired in 840. His body was conveyed 
to Metz and interred there. On the lagelbdmer Aae sre the new 
electric works of Hayence. 

The steamboat-pier at Hayence is above the imposing new bridge, 
through the central aich of which the steamer patsei. 

Kayeiiee, see R. 22. 

IS. The Hiederwald. 

Su alie Map. p. 138. 

ZabBTadtiahnan (Sacli-and-Fliiim Xallmiyi}. From MieiAtIm to the 
Honnmsnt on the Nladsrwald, and rram AutRonnAauitn to Ihe Jagdw:hlcM 
In 10-11 mlB. (taru, aaunl 1 J, dueent50 pf.). The former line fs nsnaUy 
open from April Io the end iifOcI,, the laller from Ihe middle of April to 
tbe end ot Sept, only. 

CaiTiage4nd-Paii from RUdeslieiai to Ihe Niedenvald Honument aod 

l^sla, ™T m Jl ! the Mm^^l'iirnin^alnng the BM^ 'Sf or lU ; ftSSl 

the Slsdorwald 5 J; by Ihe Klederwsld and it 

dally In gun 
BO, 36 pf. 

_ _. Iwey, 1Vj-3 bn. an mffi- 

eUnl for a iliH to Ibe Mledecwald (Rjldeihelm, tbe monumeot, tbe BotMl, 
the Jagdicbloss, aod Auiuennabanaen, or Id the reverie order). Walkers 
alao require Utile more than 2 bra., altboujb la both chhi more time 
may be proBUbly devoted to tlis aicnnlon. 

The ■Niederwftld (1080 ft.), a wooded hiU, clothed with 
vineyards on its S. slopes, wht<di are known as the 'BQdeaheimer 
Berg' (p. 127), rises Arom tbe Rhine at the point where theiiverqnila 
tbe Rhetngan and snddenly turns towards the K. It lies at the npper 
end of the narrow part of tbe river, which begins at the Seven Uts., 
and vies with the latter is a point of attraction to excursionists. 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Nat. Motmmtnt. NIEDERWALD. 16. RouU. 137 

Fbou RDdbshbiu (p. 130) to tbb Nodbhwald Hohtmbnt. 
MoBt tiaTelters non nee the Sack-aad-Pinion Railway (lee p. 136 ; 
st&tloii, p. 1301, vhicli lEcends gently through vinefuds, to the 
tennlDQa (Jong's Bagtaniant), sboot 3iiiin. ^m themonameDt and 
neir moIdTiew-temple. The gradieatis&tBrBt 1; 12; attbetop, 
befoie the vood ia entered, 1 : b. 

Wallten reach the monnmeDt in ^/t hi. etthei b; a sminy path 
thioagh the Tiueyaids to the H. of the lailwiy-statlan (tlosed when 
the grapes are ripe), or by the 'Eiihweg', paasing the Kom&n Catholic 
chaich. The flnt path ends about 200 yia. la the W. of the mon- 
ument, the other leadi to the temple. 

The *VfttioilKl KonnmeiLt on the Ntedervsld, erected in com- 
memoration of the nnanimouB rising of the Gennan people and the 
foundation of the new Qerman emplte In 1870-71 , stands upon a 
projecting spoc ot the hill (980 ft. aboye the sea-leTel; 740 ft. 
•boTS the Rhine), opposite Bingen, and Is conspicaoui tar and 
wide. It was begun In 1877 from the designs otJohamui Schilling 
of Dresden and was inaogaraled with great ceremony in 1883. The 
huge basis is 78 ft. Mgh, while the nobte fignie oC Qermania, with 
the impeiial orown and the lanrel- wreathed sword, sn emblem of 
the unity and strength of the empire, is 33 ft. in height. The prin- 
cipal relief, on the side of the pedestal facing the river, symbolises 
the 'Wacht am Bheln'. It conUins poilraits of King William of 
Tnusla and other German ptioces and generals, together with re- 
presentatives of the troops from the different parte of Germany, 
with the text of the famous song below ; to the right and left are 
allegorical flgnre* of Peace and •War, while below are Rhenns and 
Mosella, the latter as the fntare gnardian of the W. frontier of the 
empire. The Bne reliefs on the sides of the pedestal represent the 
departure and the return of the troops. The total cost of this 
magniflcent monnment amonnted to 1,100,000 Jl (55,0001.). An 
excellent model of it is sbewu In the castodian's house behind 
the iDOnDment. — The terrace in front commands an admirable 
■SnrTey of the entire Rhelngau, bounded on the S.E. by the Taonus 
Mts., on the S. by the Melibocus, and on the W. by the disUnt 

A Unger-post Imnedlately behind the caitodian's house Indicates 
the path, marted on the Map, to (36 min.) the 'Rossel' |p. 138). 
— The 'Tempelweg', beginning at the railway-station, leads past 
the back, of the monnment to (1 M.^ the Jagdechloss. 

Those who ascend from Abshanhshausbh (p. 137) enjoy a 
more striking development of the tIowb. The station of the Bail- 
way of the Bight Bank lies ■/« M- abore the village. From the 
Rhine we tallow the main street leading through a gateway above 
tbe Anker B<ftel. From the iteamboat-pier (p. 137) we may also 
proceed In a straight direction tbrongh tbe garden of the lUiein- 
Hfitel and pass under tbe railway. About CiO paces beyond the chnrcb. 

138 RcmU la. N1EDERWALD. JaydtehUui. 

to the light, at the end of the Tillige, is the etation of theZiHNBAD- 
]i&HN(«)mp. p. 136). The line sEcetids the S. side of Che istley, the 
opposite slopes otnbich,eipoeed to thelutlnenneof themorniDgsun, 
yield the esteemed red wine known as AB9msnDsh&useT(p. 127). At 
AuUumten, about halfway up, Che railway turns due S. towards iha 
Jagdsnhloss, 100 paces short of which it ends. — Walkers diverge to 
the right trom the cait-road fwbii^h remains in the lalley) at a small 
shrine (guide-poet) about 1/5 M. from the chncch, rross the Zahn- 
ladbahn, and ascend the winding path through wood to (3/4 hi.) 
the platean. 

The Ja^daohlDH (1086 ft.), an old shooting-lodge, belongs tn 
government, bnt has been rented to a hotel-heeperot Assmanns' 
hansen (R. 2-3, B. 1, D, 3, pens, in the 'Loglrhans' opposite from 
5'/2 •')- Picturesque silvan walks in the neighbourhood. 

From the Jagdschloss the 'Tempelweg' leads direct to the Mona- 
meut in 20 minutes. Walkers should select the path leading by the 
KosEel. Pasdng the 'Logiihaus' on the left, they reach in 10 min. 
the Zatiberhohle 01 'magic cave', a small hut with three apertnies 
commanding views, through clearings in the wood, of the Clemens- 
Gapelle, the Falkenbucg, and Rhelnstein. 

About 5 min. walk farther oa is the *B)>iieI (1125 ft. above the 
sea, 880 ft. above the river), an artificial ruin on the highest point of 
the Niederwald, commanding a beautiful prospect: to the left, Bio- 
gen, Hesse, and the valley of the Nabe, with the Donnersberg in the 
hackgconnd (to the left); to the right the wooded heights of the 
Hunsriick (Soonwald). Far below, the Khine rushes through the 
Bingerlooh, past the ruin of Ehrenfels and the Mouse Tower. On 
the opposite bank lies Bingen with the castle of lilopp, sheltered 
by the Rochusbecg. On the right, in the immediate vicinity, rises 
Ithei n stein , with the Sohweizerhaus ; farther down stands the 
Ctemens-Capelle, beyond it the Falkenburg. — The Klippt, a point 
of view to the W. of and below the Roseel, commands a piotut- 
esqnely framed view of the Kheinsteln, Ctemens-Capelle, Burg Fal- 
kenstein, and Trechtingshauaen , and is most conveniently visited 
from the Zaubcrhdhle before ascending to the Rossel. 

A finger-post at the foot of the Rossel indicates the forest- path, 
marked on the Map, to (25 min.) the National Monument. Half- 
way is the Ertmiiagt , an open blockhouse vrith a picturesque view 
of Bingen and the Nahe. At the stono-bencb, b min. farther on, 
we keep to the right. — The National Monument, see p. 137. — 
To the Rhine at Rudesheim walkers require about '/^ 1^^' 

1;. Google 

19. From Coblenz to Hayence. 
BaUway on the Lett Buik. 

Canp. Mapl, pp. Ill, las. 

E.ii.WAr lo BiDgErhriick. 33 B., in l-l'/i br. (farM BJldO, i JliO, 
'i Jl 90 pf.). — From Bingerbriick 10 Usyence, IS U., In ijt-l hr. (fsrei 
2 JIID, IJl 90, i JIIK pf.)- Views lo tbe len. 

Batlaae on IM JUght Bant, lee R. 20. R«lura-licket3, STsilable for tbrce 
daya and allowing the jonrneT to te broken once in each ditectlon, niay- 

— auamOtM, ■« B. II. 

Cobteni, see B. 16. As fti ai Bingen the line generally rnna 
eloae to the river, and paBses the places moie minotely deecribed 
ia R. 17. Hiiny of the beaaties of the scenery are of course lost to 
the Tailway-tTBTeller. 

Be^rond Coblenz the line ekirta the Karthauae (r.), at a little 
distance from the riTer. A Tiew of the island of Obenrerth and the 
foTtresB of EbTenbieitstein is obtained to the left. 3 M. CapeUen 
(ateamb. itat.) lies a,t the foot of the castle of Stolsenfdi (p. 113). 
Opposite are Oberlahnatein and tbe oagtle of Lahneok. After pass- 
lag the KSnigBstiihl, which liaes to the left, tbe line inleisects tbe 
old village of (6'/s 'd') Rheni^p. 115). Farther up, on the opposite 
iMnk, it Briubach with the Marksbarg, and beyond it the eh&teau 
of Liebeneck. 

121/} M. Boppaid (sCeamb. stat. ; p. 116]; l^V^ "- ^ahig (p. 
118). A little farther on are the castles of Sterrenberg and Lie- 
benstein and the oonvent of Bornhofen ; still farther np are Well' 
mlch and the Mouse. 

21 M. St. Ooar (ateamb. stat. ; p. 119). The station lies on a 
height at the back of the town. On the opposite bank ia St. Ooars- 
haasen with Che Gat. To the left, farther on, we obtain a view of 
the Lurlei. Three tunnels, beyond which is (25t/3 M.) Oberwesel 
(steamb. sUt. ; p. 122). We neit have a ylew on the left of Caiib, 
the Pfalz, and tbe inin of Oittenfela (p. 123). 

30 M. B&obaiaeb (steamb. stat.; p. 124); 32 M. Nltdirluim- 
6aoA (steamb. stat.; p. 126); 35 M. Trtchtingikansen (y. 126). On 
the opposite bank, Assmannshauscn and Lorch suceessively come 
fn sight. At Bingarbiiink the wider part of the valley is entered. 

38 H. BingerbTftolt (see p. 130) lies on the left (Prussian) bank 
of the Nahe, aboat ^1^ M. fiom filngen, and nearly opposite the 
Motue ToaUT (p. 128). Travellers hound for Kreuinach (p. 165), 
SaarbrQcken, Tr^Tos, Metz, etc., change carriages here. — Steam- 
boat to SUdeiheim (p. 130). Comp. Map, p. 136. 

The train now crosses the Nahe. To the left a view of the 
Nlederwald and the ruined castle of Khrenfels (p. 127). 

3SVi M- Bingea (steamb. stat.), see p. 128. The line now skirts 
the base of the Aochnsbeig (several villas to the right), aniies with 
the line from Alzey (U. 35), and begins to diverge from the Rhine. 
41 M. Oavlahcim. — 44 M. Oan-AIgesheim ia the junction tor tbe 

140 Route 19. mOELHElH. 

lien Bti9.tRgic railway to Krtumaeh and MStuttr am SItin (Ifi M. ; 
see p. l&S), which is to be coDtiDned tow<iid.s the QIanthal. — 
A tiew of the Johanatiberg to the left ts lomettmeB obtained, but 
the eonntr; generally ii flat and anlnteieating. 

46 M. IngeUxelm. station for the tiro villages of Nitdcr-Ingelheim 
(Goldner Hinch) and Ober-Ingelheim (396 ft. ; Lamm), each */g M. 
distant. Nieder-Ingelheim wat once the aite of ■ celehiated palace 
of Charlemagne , described by ancient writera as an ediflce of 
great magntficence ('domna alta centnm perfiia colamDU'), to 
adorn which mosaics, sculptures, and other worka of art were 
sent from RaTenna by Pope Hadrian I. between 768 and 784. It 
was burned down in 1270, bat was leatored by Charles IV. in 1354. 
Few relica of the ballding are now eitant. Tie Ptotaatant St. 
Rtmigiii)- Kirche was once the chapel of the palace, but as it has 
been repeatedly restored nothing of the original is now !eft except 
some parts of the N. tianaept. The handsome Protestant Cbareh 
of Ober-Ingeitaeim, recently restored, dates from the 13tli century- 
It was at Ingelhelm, on 31st Dec., 1105, that the eoniooatlon of 
the bishops of Mayence, Cologne, and Worms dethroned Emp. 
Henry JT. The red wine of Ingelheim is muoh esteemed. — The 
Waidtck (760 ft), Vi >>r. aboTe Obei-Ingelhelm, commands one of 
the finest views of tbe Bheingau ; a Bismarck Tower was erected on 
the aummit in 1903. 

49 M. Heide^tm. From (52i/a M.) Budenlieim the LeaiabtTg 
'"" ■ • ■ in i/jhr. — 65 m. /aombaeh. 

20. From Coblenz to Wiesbaden. ScUangenbad and 


Bailwaf on the Biglit Bank. 

Con^. Maptj pp. tl3y ISS. 

SBVi H. Eailivit in 3-3 hn. (taret T JUD. 5 Jl 90, 3 J TO fS.i sipreia 
7 J* 90, S jH BO pf,). KciDin-tickaU, tee p. T8. — Vlaws to at right. 

Trivellera hoond (or Castel nr Pranktorl (&. 39«) nae* not ro lii 
-Wiestxides, u a direcl line to these towns dlverees between SUbriO- 
Uoibach Knd Curvi (see p. 113; Hap, p. 138). 

Cobltns and Ehnnbrcileltin, see B. Iti. — The statlan for the 
Railway on the Right Bank isatEhrenbreitsteln(p. 111). Paasengeis 
who atatt from Coblenz (Central Station, p. 106) ctoas the bandaome 
railway-bridge (p. 110) at the Island of Oberwerth |and Join the 
railway described below at Niedertahnsteln, 

The line from Ebrenbreitstein passes to the left of the old 
railway-bridge and runs at the back of Ffaffendorf (p. 112), com- 
manding a fine view tbe whole way. — S'/s M. HorMuim (p. 113). 

4 M. Hiederlaluiitein (p. 113), the Jnnetion of the Lahn rail- 
way (R. 27). In the opposite direction, passengers bound for Coblenz 
"haiige carriages here. 

20. liaiiU. 141 

The iine ciOBses the Lalm. Tien of Capallen and Stolzeufels 
to the right, and of Lahneck to the left. 

4</s M. OberUluutaiii (steunb. stat., p. 114). Oppoaite lies the 
village of Rheni, with the Konlgsatulil (p. 115). 

7 M. Biftnba^, nitb the Markiburg [p. 115). Naicoir-gauee 
line hence to iVoiIatren (ZollbauO^ see p. 116. To the right Nie- 
dtrtpag, and fatthei on on tlie lame bank, beloir the Markaburg, 
Oberipay. — 10 M. Ortwipoy (p. 116). Passing the small Tillage at 
Filttn, yie now obtain a view of Boppaid, beantifolly situated on the 
opposite bank. 13'/j M.Camp [steamb.atat., p. 118), a IttOe above 
whioh are the pilgrim age'Churcli and convent of Bomhofin, at the 
footot the mined uastlea of Sferrenierji and Li;b(nit<in (the 'Brothert', 
p. 118). IT/i M. KesUrl (p. 118), beyond which the train passes 
the Tillage of WellmKh, with the 'Atoiue' caatle rising above it. 
Farther on are the extensive mina of Rheinfela on the opposite bank. 

21 M. Bt. Goaraliaaien (steamb. etat.), with the ruined aastle of 
the ' Cat' Cp. 120). Narrow-gauge line hence to Na^tlen (ZoUAaiu), 
see p. 131. Opposite ties the pietuiesq^ue little town of St. Goal. 
The train now passes through a tunnel under the Larlti (p. 121), 
and throngh another under the Rotsittin. On the opposite bank lies 
Oberwesel, a picturesque little town, commanded bj the Schonburg. 
^28 M. Gnb (steamb. atat., p. 123), above which rises the ruin 
of QMitnftli. Id the middle of the Rhine Is the curious old chateau 
of the Pfalx. Higher up the river, an the apposite bank, lies the 
venerable town of Baeharach, avetshadowed by the ruin of Stahleck ; 
then the ruin of FSrstenberg and the village of Rheindiebacb. The 
train Intersects the village of Lorehhauatn. 

31l/s U. Loreh (steamb. stat., p. 125). On the opposite bank, 
farther up, is Niederheimbach, commanded by the round tower of 
the HeimbuTg ; then the slender tower of the Sooneck, the tuin of 
Falkenburg, the Clemens- Capelle, and the picturesque^ modernised 
castle of Rheinstein. 

36Vi U. AiMuaimtluiiueii (see p. 127) ia the starting-point of a 
rack-and -plnioD railway to the t^iedttwald (p. 136). Opposite, a 
little higher up, ia the mouth of the Nahe, immediately above wbiah 
lies Bingen. The train passes below the ruin of EKratfeit, opposite 
which lies the island with the House Tower, where the stream is 

39 M. Blldeiheim (steamb. stat., p. 130). On the left rises the 
BrBmserburg. Ferry to B/nperSrucfc (junction for Kreuinach), situat- 
ed immediately below Bingen on the opposite bank, 20 or 10 pf. — 
Opposite rises the Rochusberg, with its chapel (p. 129). 

411/2 M. Qeiaenlieim (steamb. stat., p. 132). On the hill to the 
left ue the village and monastery of Rlbingen. — 44 M. Oeatrioh- 
Wlnkel (steamb. stat., p. 133) ; the station is at MiUelksim, between 
these two places. To the left is Schloss VoUrads. From Winkel to 
Johannisberg an easy ascent of 3/4 hr. 

142 Routt so. SCHLANGENBAD, 

461/2 H. HanenLAim (p. 133). On the hill to the left is Halt- 
garlen , a famous wine-producing pliee; to the N.E., on the dope 
of the Bot, ii the still more funona Scelnbecg, and in the valley 
behind is the Abbey ofEbethach, to the right of which lies the 
EicbbeTg Lunatic Asylum. To the right aie Scbloss Reich attsbausen, 
and the green islands in the Rhine. — 49 M. XrbMli (p. 134> 

50 M. SItville (steamb. etat., p. 134); route to 8<!hlangenbad 
and SchwaUiaeh, aee below. In the baekgToand riges the tower of 
Scharfenstein (p. 13£i). The train traTerses Tineyarda and passes a 
nnmber of country -houses. From the hill to the left peeps the 
church-towei of Rauenthal (see below). 52 M. Niederv!atluf(BtMTn.h. 
Stat., p. 136) ; 54Vs H. Schierstein (p. 135), where the train begins 
to quit the rivet. 

56 hi. BiBbrieb-Kasbuh (steamb. etat., p. 136). The N. en- 
trance to the park is near the railway-station and the steam-tramway. 
On the opposite bank rise the towers of Mayence. Beyond Curve 
(p. 241) the train turns inland to the lefl, running parallel tor some 
distance with the Taunus Hue, and soon reaches — 

581/1 U. Wiesbaden (see p. 145). 

conveniently visited 

ulos. — Elirllh, lee p. I3J and above. The intermediate ataUaiu are (2 M.) 
JTcHdor/ (13G ft. I Erane), In the valley ot the WaWnffa; RoMnlkal (Hfiiel 
Diana, very fair), for the <</< f > village oi thai name (see below); and 
JVe/enMot (hotel), an ancienl cnnYent, erppreased In 1803. 

Pedeitriani should aelect the somewhat loiieer route by Itauentbal 

cended bj a fGOtjiath to the left (partly closed dorin^ the vi]itaee}( on 

■/, M. farther to the N., on the summit of the bill, ia altualed Kinenthal 
(856 ft. i Jfasiaatr Eof; Sheingaalr So/, both with eardeuB), a village with 
»n aotisnt thorcb {Itkh cent,), and celebrated for itj wine. On Ibe slope 
of Ibe hill on Ihe N. aide of Sauenthal a ihady promenade leads to 
Scblangenbad in >/i hr. 

Sohlangeubttd. — HoteU, some with gardens and most of them Eloaed 
in winter. -Eoiu Bt.TH Haosaa (SSnisticlit CurhSiao'): Nauaati- Haf, 
with Tsrandi and reataurant. Btrlirttr Eof, SchaiiiirJutui Otera, MUHcra, 
i^ UiUret Curlmm, and auilUcliafUhaul, E. at these from i. B. I'ft, D. 3 Jl, 
pent, in Hay and June only. — 'HAtet, Viotobu, with reataurant, R. 2-10, 
B. 1'/., D.3, peni. from 1 Jl; RnSBiaoEEE K.ihee, E. from I'/i, B. IVi. 
D. 2>/i J(, these two In the Bheingauer-Str., n^ac the fiaih Houses. — Um 

_.._■.__ ... .^ ^^^ Wiesbaden road, a little distant from 

M jr.- WEIHEB, E11KIBL.MB, E. ftom U/,, 
in the Eheingaoer-Slraue. — There ore alia 

igauerEof, Huhl-Sb'aise, vrlth bedrooms to let. 

SCHWALBACH. 20. Boute. 143 

Cirrlacai. t«o-h»f(e B JT, one-horae 3"/i Jt per hunr; to Schw»l. 
\,a,z\i 8 or e, to Wiesbaden 13 or 9 j(. - Donkey, per honr, 1 > 60 pf. 

EDsliah ChnToh 8«rnos in lummer. 

>Sc&[<i)i^<ni(id (985 ft.), charmiDgly situated in a lichly-irooded 
valley, ia innnally viHited by about 2000 patients, the great mnjotity 
of whom are women. The water (10 epilngE; 80-86"Fahr.), which 
1)elongB to the eaTtby-alk^fne group of mioeiol wateis, and ia clear 
and tree from odour, is most efficacious in skin complaints, neiyona 
afTections, and the maladies of women. The Vfper SaOi ExAOt oc- 
cnples the site of one erected in 1694 hy tbe Landgrave Carl of 
Hesee-Cassel, then lord of the eoU ; the Central £alA dates from the 
18th cent. ; the well-equipped Xotcer Bat\ Houst was completed in 
1868. '^ftSeliioDgeiii-QfuUt and Maiieni-QueUtae nsed for drinking. 
The environs afford a great variety of shady walks {t.g. the WiiAetms- 
ftlitn, the Sraue Slein, the Moht Wunel, and the Wilie Frau). 

FkOM ScHLABGEBBiO TO WiESBiDEN, !•/, H. Tha lOfld bj (H/, M.) 

asorKenborn (ilKft.! ESIel-SeiUmranI Hohamald, D. I'/n, pena- i>A-B JK, 
s lillU before Ihe.illBge is reached) is the bsst ronte for pedealrians and 
eyclllts. On the way is a belvedere, erected in 1886 in bononr of the Em- 
prees Augoata. Other polnti of view above tlie village. l>e<cent to Ibe 
CKoBijteAaMj (see belowl, S'/i »■ 

Tbe road rrom SchlaoEenbsd vi£ Wamhach to 3chwa]bacta rises con- 
ilI.)ScbwaIbBcli. Pedestrians 


railway in 21/2 hrs. (fares 1, 3, 2 Jl; to Sohwalbach in 1 hr., fares 
1 ^ 80, 1^30, 90 pf.). — The railway (p. 14B) croases the 
Biehricb and Schiersteiii road. To the left *e have a view of 
Mayence and the plain of the Rhine, To the right are the Neroberg 
and the Platte. — 2Vi M. Dotiheim (635 ft j hanoe to the Spitte- 
Stein, p. 135, 8/4 br.). The line now leads through wood. 5 M. 
ChmuMehaua (950 ft.; I16tel Taunusbtick), named alter a (5 mtn.) 
forester's house on the old Emg road (p. 153), whence (finger-posts) 
the&ftWfsftopf (1483 ft.) maybe ascended in '/slif-. and the Hode 
Wunel (2025 ft.), one of the highest summits of the W. Taunus, in 
1 hi, (view-towers on both). — T'/a "■ Eistme Sand (1380 ft.), 
whence we may reach the Tiew-tower on the Alttmttin (1643 ft.) in 
25 min. and lAe Platte (p. 163) in 50 min. more. The line descends 
into the valley of the Aar and follows it to (9 M.) Bahn-Wthen 
(1144 ft.), Bieidtjotadt (10 M.), and — 

13 M. Schwftlbacli. - The Railvh SiiiioB (940 tt.) it abont 
buses (30, trunk as pf.) 'sad carriages await the trains (electric tramway 

Hetflli (most of Ibein closed in winter). "Alluesial, Neue-Slr. 1, with 

£ranDen-Slr.'B3, wiUi*earden, B. 2-9, £. l-i'/i, D. 31/2, pens. (rom7'/t^,' 
•VieioBi., Sene-Stt. 3, with aU and conf»otion*r-s, R. S-12, B, 1 J( 40 pt, 


R. fTom 3, B. V/,, D. 3. puu. from 7Vi Jl; RDasisoHES Hoi, Adalf- 
Btr. 36 (open la winter); Biblihee Hop, BrunneD- 3tF. 83. ~ Some of the 
^odirlniF Btntm ('Kurhaaaer') ar« verf comfartab])' aited np. In Jnlf Bnd 
Aufuat It It advisable to aecure rDom« in adTauc«r 

&«turuti. •(SirMol, D.2i/i-3'/«-*; •Oiile, BtthoBBrliDorHof; -fiifro 
(UuRftwVJ, grith ■ few bedioomi, Brunnea-GIr. 1, D. 2 Jl; GarfenlaiOiti 
•n>iitinAa/,Sirch-SlT, 3, DA'/iJIi Kaleparliu, Brarmen-Stt. iS, ilao rooiat. 

Psit and lelegrapli Office, ftbein-Str. 1. 

Batha in Iba KDnlgUnliet Badhau!, Brunnen-Str. SO (6 a.m. till l.aO p.m., 
batbt from l^aOpf, toS JT), At ii,eS!adl Cobltai. Uadi, ZtanLindm- 
tnmiun, ato., U 20 lo 3 ^50 pt. per iatb.— r«tor«' Tai: i-3 pBraom 13 Jl 
Meli, eTer; additiooiJ mgmbBr of spulya Jl; ^BmnaiiaHg for drloklne 
(he wat«rg 3V: Jl: Daily Ticteli tor KdmlBSJon to the Curhaus i/i uT. — 
ifuiic In the muming and nfteTDDDD, at the BUhlbrunaen, the Weln- 

and Sat.'eieaiup in tha Curhsas. ' • - - 

Oarriagei. One-hgrae 2'Ji, two-borae 1 Jl per hour, afternoon 3 tuitl 
6 Jl; to Slteilk 9>/> and IG J. — ZtonUvi 2 Jl per hour. 

En^ah Ohnrdi (Clir'itt Church), Frank forler-StF. 

Sckv>alba(A, afflcially styled Langen-Schmalbach (|9d0 ft.], with 
2700iBln1)., is situated In a beautUul graeinaUej' S'/aM. to the N. of 
£ltTiIle(p. 142). It has been known for St least 300 years, and was 
a fasblonable watering-plioe in the 17th and ISth oeDturies, but is 
now regarded more as a health-resort and medioiual spa. The water, 
strongly impregnated with iron and carbonic acid, is adapted tor 
internal and ei.temal use, and is especially efflcacious in nervous and 
female complaints. The annual number of visitors is abont5000. 

The two principal springs, the Slahlbrtmnen tn one of the 
Talleys, and the Weinbrunnen in the other, are conneoted by prom- 
enades. The other springs ate used only for bathing. A handsome 
Cttnaat, with a restaurant, a reading-room, etc, was opened in 
1879. Farther up, beyond the pond near the Weinbrunnen, there 
are eitenaive lawn-tennis courts. 

(i/lliF.t dank^T GO pf.) plulinuHit-g: the Plain (1390 ft.), tha summit 
of which, with a fine view. n»; be reached in lB-20min. morsi and the 
SriuncAfiierv, with a pavilion commanding a good view of the town and 
the valley of the Asr. A road, known la Ihe 'Bider-Slrasse" and recom- 
mended to cTdlata, leadi via iTemd (1663 fl.), Salihaaim oaf dtr Eeidi 
(p. 131), mnghofm, and Sauaa (p. 316) to (?t M.) Eat (p. 213). A good 
road (also a favourite of lycUsle) leads trum Schwalhach down the 
picturesque valley of the Wisper to <3iroUlebi and (30 U.) toi-cA (p. 135). 
The railway continues to follow the pretty valley of the Aar. — 
li'/sM. Attolp^edt (Kling), with apicturesqne rained castle ilT'/a^- 
HohensUin (780 ft.; Burg Hohenstein, very fair, pens. 4-4'/2>^> 
Villa Alpln, pens. 3'/4-4.ifr}, with the picturesque rains of a strong- 
hold destroyed in 1667. Several small sUtiona. — 261/3M. ZoUhana 
(BailiBay Hotel), Junution for the nattow-gange line to Nastatten 
(St. Ooarshausen, Braubach, p. 121), has a large cement-factory 
and the Joharalisbrimften, a spring exploited by the Apollinaris Co. 
(p. 98). Burg-Scbwalbach, with a rained castle (restaurant, pens. 
iija-i'kJK), ytM. tDtheS.E., and the romantic ruin of HoU»i/'eb 




isbl Edi 

l;. GOO(^l(J 

WIESBADEN. 21. RotUe. 145 

(p. 121) may also be lisited from ZolUtane (1 hr.)- — VI H. Hahn- 
itdl(m(46&fc.; Nasssner Hof, onpretending), -witti iron-ore depoBitB 
[Biderites). — 38 M. ObtmeUen; 30 M. Flatht. To the right ia the 
ruin of Ardieh. — 32i/j M. Diets, see p. 218. — 34 M. Limfmrg, 
see p. 219. 

21. Wiesbaden. 

BuilwuT Stttlou. 1. Taimu Statitm (PI E, 6: leitaurul), Rhcla-Slr., 
for tbe TauQus Railway to CBStel (UaveDce) ud Pcukrort (R. 2»a). — 
•i. iUinc StaUM (Fl. E, 6; restaucant), Rhelnbalin-^tr.. lor the Railway of tlie 
KisM Bank (R. 20) and the Seliwalbach Railw2i (p. liS). — 3. iu^m,/ flUUioB 
<FI. E, 8), RheiD'S(r., for the line lo KLederhausen (Frank fort- Limb urg; 
K. 39e). — ThB hotel) do not tend omnlbusei lo meet the trains. Cabs, see 
p. UT). — Toorlal Aeenc;: Sdiaunt/'k, Theatre Colonnade. — Steamboali 
stop at Blebricb (p. IBS) elroric tramway, s^e p. 147). 

Hotel! (moat of the lint-class houari prorided with eleiatOTs, hot-air 
heaiins, eluetric light, and Ihcrmil baiha). -Nissima Hor (PI as E, *>, 

BiertlSdl«r°B"r'! &),'e, 3-i",' B, 1i^° D°7t P m.) i,'^^ from's Jl'i 
•KiiBBEBOF (PI. 1; F, 8), Prank furter-Str, 17. wim a lai^e garden, connected 
bj a covered passage with the well-equipped Augutia rtciorta Bad (p. 153), 
tt.3-10, B. li/„D. (lp.n..)l,S. 8, pens. lO'/i tfl ^ ; -MBiaoPOia VpI, n; 

(ri.n; E B)' R.'s-io,'B. li/'ro*"**" p^in., 3", ne''ns"f^m*9 Jl'i •m^ai! 
P..KO II BaisToi (PI. T, E 6), Wilbebn-Slr. 90, with garden. (Wquenled 
by royalti, R. from J, B. I'/t D. (1 p.m.) I, pens, from 11 Jl; 'FieT. Qdisi- 
.*s., Park-Str. 3 (pen«. 8-11 JfJi "Rose (Pl.c 4 1s B, i|, Krsni-PUti 7-9, 
R. 9-10, B. 11/,, D. al 1 n.m.l, pen-. Item 10 j»,- -HBt. Block (PI. g; E.l), 
Wilhclm-sir. M, a.2'.'T*, B. I'/j, I>.Si/i board from 61/2 jfi ■ViaaJAHaes- 
isiKN (PI, h i E, t), Kaiser- FrtedricL-PIaE 1 1 Hutil Wilhbliii (PI. vi E, i), 
SoDnenbereer-Str. I, family hotel, R. from S'/g. B.lVi. D. (l-3p.m.)4. pena. 
from 10 jT; •BoaaszOLtas (Fl. v, E, B), PauliDCD-Str. 10, in a i^lcasant 
and quiet part of ilie town. 

The follDwIng are Bomewbat leH BipenliTe: •HOtii. u-AKOLtTinEi 
(PI. di D, i), Krani-Piati ii, R. 9-8, B. IVi, D- 8, pens. Vh-ii Jl; 
•VioTDBi* (PI. x; E. 8), comer of the Rhein-Btr. and Wilbelm-Slr., 
B. S^ B. l>/(, D. 3-31/t, pens, from S M ; -EOnL Bellevci (Pi. y : E, S), 
■Wilhelm-Slr. 3fl, R, 3-1^ B. 1'/,, D. i, peni. fmm 8 Jl; -Hotbl Akoib 
(PI. i|E, A), Thelemann-Str, 5i -Pboiuhxdi Hotil (PI.d,- E,6), Wllbelm- 
Slr. 34, with wine room, R, 34, B, 1, D. 3, pen<. from b Jf; ■UiNiBva 
(Pl,m; E,B), Ehcin-Str.B, R.a'/i5, B,I, D,aiA, pem. from B J»,- -HJtii, 
BT.PnsBSBCna (Pi.hs B,b\ Husenm-Str, 3. frequented by Rntrians.R.aihS, 
B.1V.,D.B, pens. 1-10 .*,- ■BHB11I-H3TBI, (P! rj E, 6), Hheln-Str. 18. 

Secuna Cla>s: ■D.hlheiii (PI, d,- D, 3), Taunua-Str. IB, with restau- 
ranl, R. 1. B. 3 37j. D, 3, pens. 6-7 Jl, -N.tiohxl, Taunns-Stt, M, E, S-U/., 
B. li/,. D. 2, pens. S 8^, with restaurant; Alleebaii, (Pl.a; E,ll, Tannus- 
Btr, S, opposite tbe Ku>^hb^unnen, R, 2i/t-10, B, 1, D, 2i/i, pens. 7-15^; 
HJMBijnOEB Hor (hatel gaml ; PI. ft, E, 8,A), Tannus-Sir. llj Fdhe (Fl. 
E, B), Gelsberg-Str, 3, with rrsliurant, fa, 17,-5 jT; Bnoi (PL •; ». 4 

B. «B,3-i, b 51/,, HM. B'/i lo'jl : ScHCTiMHor (PI, i; I.,0), Schtllten^ 
hof-Btr.i, with thermal baths, R.&B.3S<h D, 3, pens, 5'/i-T •*.■ Besdee, 
Hafnereassc Id, with ihermal baths; Hiem, 8pifgele*sse 15, B, S-S, B, 1, 

Bins, from B Jl; BainBicH, Baalgaise r 
.rromliA-X; Kaom-aixi, Ta'inus-^l 
Hotels; 'SiTTia, Taunui-Slr. 15, pen. 

r.UNCS HoTEi {PI, ! [ E, 8), Bheln-atr. 19, UrBt-elaBS, 
Baedieu's Rhine. iStb Edit. 

inly freqoented by passing tr 
" froma,ll.l. 

146 BouU SI. WIESBADEN. Proclfeoi 

■OiilKEitWtlffCPl.kiD.a). Mirkt-Stc.lO. HaTilWitHS, Bitbnliot-8(T. T 
(Fl. D, fl), witb ei>r<)en. k. (coid 1</,, B. 1, D. 2, pens, from G .«; Hotei. 
Tahnh<ii9eb, Bshnhor-Str. B| HOTEL VOOEL. BbelD-fltr. 27, opposite the 
Twnus Slktion^ HoNHEHiiuP IPl. 01 D,m, Klrcb^9Pe 3M1, R.S-lVi. H.i/i-l. 
pens, from e .« ,- EniHOBB, M »rlit-8W. 33, E, 2-2'/. Jl i Kkhlre, MiiUguse 3 
iPl.p.i, 5)i Usios, HensMBe7(P1.D,5), will — 

BlieiubKliB-Str. 6. Beiohsi'obt, Hlholaus-Str. Iti, both near tbeBbli 
*i HiBoSo (SB ft."; PL B,''c!'lt'l>.''S2), 

L^Str. I (Fl. F, 6), Md Orulen-SiT, B3 IPI- D. 7 
.U with open-»l 

_ .. __,_.., ... rde^TBOpf-i 

WitDEGK (H.W, gf PI, A. 2, 3), AM-.81r., in the .Adoms-Tliil (p. 153)i Wit- 
BELHSHOHi, OD Dis Bingerl (p. 151), 10 min. Bbnve SOQncnbere. — B»UI 
JUilaaraal TaumaiKck, itt p. 143. 

B*a HauHi (oliD hotels and pensloDi). 'ScxnusIB Boos, Knnz. 
PUtiiacPl- D, *)> K- 3-'', pens- S™ 8 Jl; Kii8seb*d (PI.*; B. i, 5), 
WllhBlm-Str. 12, B. 2V<-1», puu. from TVi J^; 'Rohubid (PI. m; D, 11, 
Kothbroiineii-Plat»3i Goid»f« KhorKPI. p; D, 1), LanggnseSfl; Pakiseb 
Hof, SuieEeleuee; -EaLKTacuEB Hof, Kleine Burg-Str. 6, R, 3-6, bourd 
d-B Jl; Wgissna Eo.b, Kochbronnen-PUti 2, E. 2'/r6 ^. 

Paniiani. itejfun /ti<>nki'i«ialc (Kr.<. Somerrille uid Hiit GrstTii), 
U&inzer Str. 8 (5 8 Ji)-,iailiilsi«, T>iinn£ Str. 13; Silcl Fillo JEoiiafi, SonTien- 
bereat-Str. 38 |T-1l> ^j; mtd-PinHim Bitmr, S.ini>eQbergeT-i>lr. 11 (Gi/i- 
13 ^Jl JTM-iUni.SonDenWKer-Str.lUte-S^); TiUa Priaimin L«Ue, Bamto- 
bereer^tr. IS; mn'cr. SODDenbsi'ger-Btr. U (S-10 ^|-, fiimgnja, SniuiBn- 
bateer-S't. 31) (6-9 ^)i VlOa Bartuiia, SonnanbaFger-StF. 39 (trom 9 ^)i 
JTiKHr rcAtlin, Panlinen-Slr. 7; minflDma. Qartan-Sti. 1; Windtw, Leber- 
ban t (:^-l3^; Ftila EnM-SmprteM! TOla Olmda, GrunHeeli CDtuntMO, 
Gtrtan-Slr. 14; fVitnanra, Park-Str. Ig; llargaretha, Tbelemsnn-Str. S 
(8-10 JT); VetMJoH, Kr»th.Str. U; Oredi!, Leberhfrj 1 |6-9^)i FJJIa Jfon- 
rijioi, J'rank(arler--*tr.6; RBo Orimdpnir, Bmaer-Sir. 13, snd many olherB. 

ol notice required from vHitori laovlnE s penaioo. 

D. IV. Jli PBlla, L.iseaase 11 1 &*(«f«B»o/ (p. 1431 with garden, miideratei 
BcMUttnbtmi (JBUn), Vnta drn Elcben, wlib eardeD, D. from i'l,, S. frnni 
1 Jl; FriidrichlhBf. Filedri<b-8tr. SS; IVmli, Lulaeo-Str. 2, I>. l-l'/i .«,' 
TBVtl, Bee above. — Wins. 'Ralhtitiitr, seeaboTS; Jfoliporfui, LaaggaaselS; 
Bhmiih Wini Room, SjileeeleMse 4, D, IMm 1"/, Jl. often crowded «l midday 
in Slimmer; Keifr, Lnisen-Slr. 12, D. I'/.^Jf,- '^oAl, Miehelsberg 10, M«b- 
oatHT irintTjInt" |depBlofibBWinier.Vereln), Bahnhof-8tr. 6, - Ldhobsob 
RooMB; 'Grelher. Keog»s'e 21. — •QmUatmal Bodiga, Wilhelm-Slr. IK; 
Ctntral Sodtfa, Untsre Webergasie 23. 

Cafaa. 'Ca/i EalmKllern, Wllhebn-SlF. 8; •Jltim. Wilhelm-Str. *S; 
KalHTbai. Wifbelni-Btr. 42; seieral caf^s in tbe Cur-Oania, eee p. Id9, 
■OrftfKiPl. Ajl^ p. IM), Unter dan Ei Chen, in tbe Itooriili itjle; Biaiifju 
(Bl. B,9t p. lK),bulta witb ^i.rileni', mnch ftequented on BDmmer-illeniooni 
— GonlkctioiieTa. C^i Slum ud Cafi Eaittrbad (>ee abuTt); 'Leknuam 
Oroase Buri;-Str. U; fandtr, Huseum-Slr. S. — Ifitt Xowu, •! the Bid 
Hariithil (see p. 147). 

VisltorH' Taj. Tbe rallDwing tarilT is paid for ftdmigsioD to tbe Cnrbuu: 
UiForo star: 1 person 30 j:. fM farailie«, each add! ttonni perl. lOjT.- 
'b) For tix ueiks: I person lb Jl, for tuuilUg, cucU pers. addition*! bjf.— 

WIESBADEN. 21.S0UU. 147 

Bxtr^'tteketa requlfed tOr lar^e ffarden - fSte», special 

nnnen: dillT tlckrts 10 pi., qnsrterlj S, ye«lT 6 •*■ 
Acs In th« Cnnull wlU Bappl; Tiaitan with taj info 

lenen), Walkmnhl-Str. iS fPl. 

I. G, 8>, P*rl 


(PI, C, a, Dr.~9cbtibert-,'pena."6'l5 "jrj; 

meol bj muaage, electrDlhr ■- 

there are aeieral other eaU 
of the eiej. 


tiihinenti tar oei 
E,l; aeep.! 

<mplainta^ moJadkes 


L| JMcAiAoticn, Stift-etr. 16, tbese 

Ooneerti in the rur-'sorMn or Curuuf d^ly, 4-fi.30 ud8-9.S0p.m.; alio 

the Carhans). — Orehsatral Conesrti in winter In the Oh-Akvi (ev. Frid, 
from Hot. lo Feb.; D, 4, 3 .J) and at the Refal Tlaaln (lii aymphony 
concerte). The FinfiidtrfAuffarwdJriintlft'wndc gives concertaof cbamber 

diali. Huked balls, 

le Cnrliaus. — Baiai 0/ Flmitri 
y perfonnances in the theatre (b 
le Luicmbum-Plali (PI. C, 7), 1 

.ropole, Eathakeiler, 

Lawn Tenu 
(p. IffiJ); Spcrt-Pl 

n (p. lEO), adm! free. ' 
~' -(, AdalfabObe (p. 163). - 

1. 1), in the 

the Cui-GarleD( Beatuilt 

a (dnnble't 
Iba DIetenmable 

:: per honrl'wlthin the town, l-l per; 

and then 



Td the KnulaD Chapel, Heroberg,' Platte, a 

with atay of ii/ihr -.~ — 

To SeUlanceDbad. >lt Btebrlcli A Rauentbal ('/> da;) . 13.30 16 30 

To Schwalbach. and back by ScblenecpW ''.'.'.'. 

To BpFslein and KSnieatein. and batk (I daf) 

Tmnk 20 pf , amaller aHicIea trtt. — To or tTom the rait way-alati una 
SOpf ejira. 

Tbe Taxametar Daba, recognised by their red wheela, have a apeeial 
tariff (by time). 

Elaotiit Tramii-i^. (with Ipamfer-llck eti), I. (with rtd board): From 
BUbrich Cp. 134) "'a AdolfshOhe fp. iW), Bond»l (PI. D, 8), Adolfa-Allce 
(PI. D. T. Rt returning by the Moriti:-^tr ), ihe Railway BtXIona (PI. E, 6), 
Wilbelm-^lr., and Koehbrnnnen to Btmalte (PI. B, 1, 2), S min. rrom lb* 


148 Roultil. TIESBADEN. Riitory. 

tBTininas of tUs HerubeiE nilwiy (p. 15^. Lul eu at 11.30 (bMk IS mid- 
BigliDjfBHSOpf-i from theRBllwa;BiUio>iil6, rrom ihe Ontliitua 10 pf. 
— a. (yellow boardjt From the Lantmbick-PlaU (PI. F, T) vii the HllLwiiy 
Stations KlicbgAsse (PL, D, 6, C), Lacggnnie, SochbranDeD , asd SonneD- 
berifer-^Ir. (PI E-Q, 1, 3) la Sammberg (p. I'i3)i fare 80 pf., from tbe 
Rikigler-Str. 10 pf. — S. (bine boud): From the iiaiJu^v filal>«u (PI. £, 6), 
tU Harkl-Str. (PI. I>, B), Emier-.-itr. , WalkmQlil - Str. {UndeBbaf). ud 
Schftlieii-Str. to Cola- den Eiclua (PI. A, li p. 163); ran 20 pf., from (be 
" '- ' - 19'Plati 15jif. — 4. (green board): From IbeKailvay Stationa Tia the 
" C, 6) to tho Emttr-Blratu 
between 1 and 7 p.m. to 
CfUw ifer Einhai m pf.). — The mm Hart everj 111, mio,, or on eertsio 
aectiom ever? V< br. In the forenoon (oomp. Ibe pocket timetable, 10 pf.). 
The principal lermlnns is in front of tbe Taunua BtBtion. 

7oit and laleKraph OTBee (PI. K, 6), Kbein-Etr. 36: braneb-offlcei at 
Tanniw-Str. 1 (PI. E, 1), etc 

Engliih Ohiiieli (Bt. AufuiHat't} In tbe Wllbelm-Strues', services at 
S.30 and II ■..m. and Bp.m. (innimere p.m.). Cbapiiln, Rce. E. J. IVcMe, 
Eaiaer-Frledricb-Bing 36. 

Wiaib&dsn [385 ft. above the sea-leTel, 90ft. above tbeRhine), 
with 86,000 inhab., formerly the capital of the Duchy of Naeaau, 
lies on the S.W. spars of the Taunus Mts., in ■ basin snrioanded 
by orchuds and vineyaids. (The pleasant tovn, with Ite attraotWe 
public grounds and beautiful environs, ia annaally viaited by up- 
wards of 130,000 patients and tiaTellen. The eicellenoe of its 
sanatory establishments, coupled with the mildneea of the climate 
(mean annnal temperature 51° Fahi.), renders It a favonrite resort 
of strangers, even in winter, when living is moreover leas expen- 


Kin, the Ro 

i of the Boman 

the frontier 
man.. Diac< 


e Main an. 

i maj ba- 



ted aa such (ror 

19 made In 

the Hanrl 

-. (18S5-9T) abo» 

cady a cons 


e of tbe first eei 

n 6^'to A d' 

^ad aga.n 

probably dealmyed b; 

, but 


litj at toe end o 

> the chief place 

In the relei' o, 


■'(p. 160) w 

a> still 01 

JB of 11 

le advanced iet 


remoced the earris. 

an (Col 

lors 11. B8 torn: 

are (p. ai). 

1- (Hist. Ks 

.t. III. S) 


to the warm sp 

be foil 

lowing words: 'S, 

, gw 


-'in the 


"sh period and 


1 the 

capital of 

c capital ol 

■ the 

Count, ol 



from 1365 onwards, and of the dnchy of N 

From the RAiLWiY Stations (PI. E, 6) the traveller crosses the 
RhelD-Str. (p. 151) and enters the Wilhelm-Stnaie (PI, E, 6, 5, 4), 
the Corso of Wiesbaden, planted with trees and flanked with hotels, 
attisctive shops, and tbe Museum (p. 150). To the light it is ad- 
joined by the Wilhelms-Plalz (PI. E, 6, 6), with a bronze Slattit of 
Biimardt, byHerter (1898), and by the Anlagen, or public pleasure- 
grounds, of the Warme Damm (PI. E, 5), in whlcb rises Schilling's 
•Monument lo Emp. WlUlam I. (1894). — Farther on is the baek 
of the Sojral Theatre (PI. E, 4), built in 1892-94 by Fettntr and 
HtUmeT (handsome baroque interior; new foyer by Gmmur, 1902). 

At the end of tbe avenue, to the left, lies Uie Kaishb,-Fbibiibich- 

Ourhaui. WIESBADEN, SI. Route. 149 

Pl.ATz(Pl.E, 4), adorned with a bronie Statue ofEmp.Frtdtricklll. 
by Uphues (1897). — On the right is the CuESAAL-Piiiz, em- 
bellished vith flower-beda and two fountaina, and flanked by 
spaciOBS Doric Colonnadta (Pi. E, 4), which serve i9 a baiaar. Id 
the new colonnade is the entrance to the Royal I'heatie (p. 148). 
Above the old colonnade is a bronze bust of the poet BodtnfUdt, 
who died at Wiesbaden in i892. 

The CnihaM (PI. E, 4; adm., aee p. 147). hoiU In 1809-10 
Itora designs by Zais, and dedicated 'Fontibae Mattiacls', is abont 
to be rebuilt. The facade consists of an Ionic ponico, while at the 
sides SIS long colonnades supported by Doric colnmns. The principal 
hall is 121 ft. long, 49 ft wide, and 53 ft. high. The orchestra 
galleries are supported by 26 Corinthian columns and 4 half-columns 
of red and grey marble. On the N. aide is the restaurant, on the 8. 
side the concert snd ball looms and the reading-rooms. 

The *Gni-Furk, at the back of the Curhans, with which it com- 
municates by an iron arcade, Is the favourite afternoon and evening 
lounge of visitors to the baths, as well as of eieucslonists from 
Hayence and the neighbourhood, who, especially on Sundays, Sock 
to these shady grounds to sip their co&ee and enjoy the music. A. 
fountain with a jet 100 ft. in height plays in the great pond every 
afternoon. — To the 3. of the Cur-Park lies the handsomest residen- 
tial quarter of the town, with numerous attractive villas and gardens, 
especially In the Park-Strasse, Rosen-Strasse, and Blumen-Strasse. 

To the N. of the Carssal-Platz, on the bill above the Sonnen- 
berger-Sti. (p. 153), is the PaulineaSchloiicktH (PI. E, 4), which 
will serve as a temporary Caihaua daring the rebuilding of the 
present structure. 

From the N. end of the Wllhelm-Str. the Taukcb-Stbassb 
(PI. D, E, 3, 4) runs to the N. towards the Neiothal (oomp. p. 152). 
To the left stands the Iriukhftlle (PI. D, 4), buUt by Boglcr in 
1888-90 snd consisting of a central pavilion and three colonnades 
enclosing a garden. Visitors drink the waters here from 6 or 7 
to 6 a.ta. and at intervals throiigbont the day (concerts, see p. 147). 

Below ths central pavilion ii the Kaclibmmta (PI. D, 1), the tombineil 
outpour of 15 brit springa, which rise wilhin an area of a few square j^ards 
sod jrield about fiOOIJ gaUona per bour. Tbe water has a natutal (emperaturB 
of lae* Fabr. and eDatains 8.7H per cent of solid matter, cMefly chloride of 
sodium. 'Ihe ejlemal use of the waters is beneficial In cases of rheu- 
matism, gonl, neuralgia, and other nervous diseases, tbeir action resem- 
bling that of the Wildhad springs, like which ther contain verf Ultte salt. 
Intemaily they are prescribed tor chronic dy Bpepeis, eicessive obesity, etc. 
In addition to the KocbbrunneD, which, however, is sImOBt aotirely used 
for drlnklnt, there are no fewer than 2B bathing. springs, tbeehlef of which 
are the achiitzenhofrQoene and the Adler-Qnelle. 

The marble Hygieia Group In tbe Kbasz-Platz (PI. D, 4) is by 
Hoffmann of Wiesbaden. The Langgasse (Fl. D, 4, 5], which issues 
from the Kiviz-Platz, and the flist cross-street to the left, the 
UDtereWebeigsass, are the mala streets of the old part of the town. 

a Lmn^asae Uia Kirchhotf^KBie lead« to 
w turDBd into s promenule (eood lievr) 
. ItrMl throuEi, it (IMft). 

On the top of the MUhMiiTt (PI. D, S) iludi the EnusaaDi, a Kooriih 
Slrnelnre with five cnpolu, buill b; B^ffmrnDD In 1»6M9. 

At the end of the Linegasie we tain to the left, along the Markt- 
Sti., oross the ScHLoea-PLATz and the Makki-Platz (T1. 0, E, 6), 
and regain the Wilbelm-Sti. Cp- 148). 

The royal (formerly dncal) PtdMe |T1, D, 5), on the W. aide 
of the Scbloas-PlaU, was built by Qoen in 1837-10, 9,nd renovated in 
1883. Tiaitora are admitted dally from 10 [o 4, 5, or 6 [adm. 25 pf. ; 
entrance through tha 'Oavalierhsos'). The staircaee la adorned with 
eight aandstone statuea by SdnBaaOiater, and in tha dining-room 
ace two Spanish danoers, over lifealze, by the same acnlptor. The 
reception and ball rooma are embellished with frescoes by Fom, and 
some of the other rooms contain good piclnrea by modern mastera. 
— Adjoining it is the ' WilhelrmSeiiamlaU', or mtlitaty hoaplul, 
built by Hoffmann (1871). 

The lUtUuina (PI. D, 5) la a handsome building in the German 
Renaissance atyle, erected in 1864-87 from Hauberritter'i designs. 
On tha balcony above the Bight of atapi are atatues of four civic 
~ viitnes by SetUti. The great hail is still unQniBhed. — The Raths- 
keller (p. 14lj) is decorated with frescoes by Kojla, Sehlilt, and 

The Ootbie Hukt-Sirolte (PI. E, 5; Prol.), built by Bool of 
polished bricks in 1853-62, has five towers (the principal nearly 
300 ft. high). The choir is adorned with colossal marble statuea of 
Christ and the four Evangelists, by E. HopfgarUn. Bell for the 
sacristan on the right of the main entrance (V2-I ~t). — The ^i- 
iainiag High Schtml far Oirlt, a handsome Qothic ediSce in sandstone, 
was built by Qenzmer (1901). 

In the centre of tha market-place rises a new Fountain (Hirkl- 
Brnnnen; 1902). 

& the maniclpal picture-gallery, collections of antiquities and 
natural history specimens, and a library. 

The Pietun OaUerr, oa tbe gFOnndnoor to the right. Ii open iMIt, 
eicept Sat., 11-1 and S-A (<d wioter, M); on Sub., lO-l) eat^ogne (ISdl) 
10 pf. It EunUlns a collectl<in of modem pictnrei and aome early Gecmu 
and Vetherlaiidi>b works etc (man; concealed by pictuHi eibibitcd by 
Ibe Niwau irt I'nioo). - Rook L, gbleDv early wuAi. On tbe entrance- 
wall: 189, Jan PflO, Head of a iportine dogi 164. tmilalar of SmlrmM 
(ISih unt.), Fanar and MaphKlopheleii "&!, E. dt WiUi, Syoagiigne at 
Amalardacoi 221. Hmi Schiu/elin, Porlrait. 0|.pg.iW; 228. ^cm ran Oa'»- 
»MCt, Officer; 158. Anmlici Xoitrtnann, Porlril-, 565. Anlttirp SrAooI 
(leiheent.), Pieti (copj of (ininlen Maiajafli nonumbEt, Leaiath, Porlrait 
(iSaa). — Booh U., cbJeBy earlj-Oennan workai II. Stheot «f CVomkA, 

Ijworkli ; 
i. 13. i^c 

., .ilvimiMn. TolhelRfli f " " 

otSl. C , _,.. 

W. V. Xoiell, 13. Rest, U>. Sleep biJJ (I7t0) ; 1». F. de Hint, 
.. .. jUMrflun, Uor3B9;et. K&vdo-i Still-Ufe. — Snd Section: 
73. RabtfH, BalUe of Amnzona ( rlginal iaHunUli)! 27t. J. ITynanU, Land- 
seapo {!igD»tiire forged), 229. Corn. Butimaai, Arcadim landBcapf. WiU: 
to Uie left. 281, "lo. If, van dt Fildt, S«a-piec?i. — Eoom iV. Hodern 
German works: ITS. F. filalg. Sir Thomu Uore Id nrlsoni 3(13. rrfl^ncr, 
CoDveat court i.t Amorbscta |l)i09) . L. Snaut, 211. Bpri UK-id y 11, °1S). TaTern- 
n,, ..... ^ . )rniag;2S7. lf«iftii(ipl,81ieepine«ly«prtiig; 
mlier, Ham Thinaa. Cblldren io tbs pgnllry 
man works: 166. LaiSna, Foreat'scenei US, 
m^c/i, Const aeai Naplesi 196. a. fAwno, 

dimclimUl, Lather before Cardinal Cretan 
vladov, ptuCLDeLtes and medald, 

id.! Tburs., A Fnd li-'i ft 3-6. nn Snn. lO-l 
1 Wed. 4 Sat. ll-l only); U olher times on apnlictlon 
trich-Str. 1, fee 50 of. : lood catalome I'l'^.W! 1 Jl. Ahtk 
iptiOM, milesiones, 


aooMV. Mo 



. •:irove( 196 


pe. By the w 


- Eoo- VI. 

ao3. L< 

at Aug 

burg in laiS. 

By the 

CoUeetion of 


mer on Mon,, T«es., V 

l^onary in m Ij). 
Cp. 162)1 

™ale figure (HuBeV); fleura of Jupiter. — aooM V 
aoii shoes ^ ^[oscription in bronze-giJt letters, lu 
8 A.D.), from fortreaa on tie Pliihlgraben at Holil 

(d, ial6), Connts of Hal;en- 

..._. .. „ a rich oollection of polterr, 

eiliiblled in Ike municipal eic>ae-ufa<^e, Neugasse 6 (PI. D, B), 
■ Tie Brat floor contains a welJ-arranged Katdral HisTonr Colleotiob 
(adQ>. in lummer, Hon., Tues., Tburs., <t Frid. 3^. Sun. 11-1|. 

The LiinAEi Idailf. except ann,, lU-1 1 3-S), In tbe upper story, con- 
taiuB 120,0no printed rolames and manv valoable old M3S. Among ita 
treasures are the Vial on of 81. UUdeeard (MS. of the 13-lSth cent.)) Portion 
of an (stronoraLcil calendar of mr, being Ibe earliest printed work by 
Qutenherg to vbtcL a dale can be aisi^oed (discovered In ISOI); and tbe 
Uayence C^lholicon of ilBU (coiup. p. 163). 

The Itoman Calliolic Choreh of St. SonilactDB (Pl. 0, 5, 6), In 
the LnUen-Plati (PI. D, 6), on the N. $lde of the Rhhin-Sieasbs 
(P!. C, D, E, 6), was built by Hoffmann in 1844-49, and is a hand- 
aome structure in the Bomaaasque style, with (^tblc details and 
groined Taulting. Altar-piece on the right, Madonna and Child, by 
Steinle; left, St. Boniface, by Bithtl. — In (rout of the church is a 
sandstone Obelisk, erected in 1865 to the memory of the NassO'ian 
soldiers who fell at Waterloo. — To the W. the Rhein-Str. ends at 
the Protestant Elngkiiche (PI. B, C, 6), a noteworthy edifice by Otten, 
In the late- Romanesque style, consecrated In 1894 (saoriatan. An 
der EinKtlrche3:(ee60Tif.). ^ .O0.;k' 

der Bingklrche 3; fee 60 pf.). 

The FfotikfvHtr-etTcase (PI. E, F, 6, 6), dive^Dg ttata the 
Wilbeliu-Str. opposite the Mneeum (p. l&O), forms the chief ap- 
proach to the I^oBNTUL QnABTBa ou the S.E. Bide of the town. 
Immediately to the right Is the En^ih CiMrch (Pl.E, 6]. Fsithei 
on, in the Vtctoda-Stt., is the *Ai^iiBt& Viotorift Bad (PI. F, 6), a 
hniidEoir.e Renaissance buildiDg, ereoted la 1890-94. lu interior 
anangements aie very complete and interesting (adm. 1 Jl). 

In the high-lying humhlei qnarter to the W. of the Taunus-Str. 
stands the Protestant B<rpi;:if''Ae (PI. D, 4), a good example of Hano- 
Torian Gothic, by Otieo (1877-79), The interior Is adorned with 
fresooes by Schmidt. — At the comer of the Keller-8tr. and 
PUtter-Str. lies the Roman Catholic Marialulf-KlTche (Fl. 0, 3, 4), 
built by Meckel in the Rhenish Ttaniillonat style (1893-96). 
' TUe adjaeeal Cajlell-Strwae (PI. C, 4) recalii by iti namo the Bomaa 
Ccutti (p, Ite), of which remain] wera found in itSS on the top o/ the 

Near the HuiahilC Ghuirli li the Old Oemetnjfm. 0,R), wiih a mau- 


The most popular open-air lesort near Wiesbaden, beqaented 
alike by walker, driver, and cyclist, is the charming •Heiothal, 
at the entrance to which (PI. C, D, 2) is a War Monumml (1872). 
Two roadl, the new Echo-Stcasse (left) and the old road (tramway 
No. 1) , affording pleasant views of the vine-clad Netoberg and the 
Greek Chapel, lead along the valley to (^/^M.) the Cafi-Eeitaurant 
Beaalitt and the station of the Neroberg Cable Tramv>ay (train ev. 

r; fare 25, down 15, up and down 30 pf.). 

.0 (he FlaUer-Slraiu (p. 152), passing a monnment 

. . ,_jlogiat £«» (d. iSSaj, aquirtzite quarry, and the inBienincaal 
ieichlaeiu Cmcrn, where the pretty road to the Babaigruiii diverges to 
the right (see p. 1S3). 

The wooded 'Heroberg (800 ft. ; PI. B, C, 1), to the N.E. of, 
and t/4 hr. above Beansite, is ascended by the cable-trauway, by a 
steep zigzag path, and by the pleasant 'PhiJOEopbenweg'. At the top is 
a frequented mttl-Restaurant (p. 14G], The tower (10 pf.) affords 
a Bne view of the Taunus, with the Rhine valley and the Odenwald 
to the S.E., the lowers of Mayence to the 8. (beyond the Biebrich 
water-tower), and the distant Ponnersbecg (p. 286) to the W, 

To the S.E., a fev lainutes below the snmmit (most easily 
reached from the Nerobeig-Str. elation of the tramway ; pleasautest 
roote through the Dambach-Thal, PI. D, 2), is situated the •Hreek 
Chapel (PI. C, 1 ; 533 ft.), erected in 1848-55 from the designs of 
Hoffmann as a mausoleum for the Duchess Elizabeth Michailowna, 
a Russian princess (d. 1845). 

The rithly-decorated chapeL 90 ft. in height, in the form o( a Oreek 

monaled by Bujslan double crosses. The hlgheat «os9 is 180 a from the 

The roft. 




Route. 153 

and. Tbe interior iB eali 
h numerous flgutei of 
aratoi the body of ths o 

h t lUinsd-glaH figure 

rel; Df marble. A ricb ultar-acrt 
Mints oo » Bolden ground, pile 
hipel from tbe cboir, to wbich 

en (Itau^la,), 
*d in EuMia, 

durine divino 

s N. sldi 
... - ip^ailen. 

BYftDgelJsls in ibe dnms tad BpundrEls are by tbi 

Bop^srlen. The »ieels, propbeti, and 

ndrels are by tbe painter Aug. Bopfguten. 

pi during \.lie 8un. service [ll-li in summer only), the cbapel is 

persons 50 pf. eacli). 

Pleaaant wallta interaact the wood (fine old oats) in eTery di- 
rection ssd extend past the RaervrAr and the (35 milt.) TratiarbiKhe 
(flnger-post) to the (i'/* t".) Platte (see below). Other paths, also 
indicated by finger-posts, lead to the Speienkopf (}/^ hr.), the 
Felsertgruppe (20 mla.^, tbe LticUweiaaholilt (05 min. ; p.l&2), and 
past the Mefiiocui Oak to the HStel-Beitavrant BatoAobi [p. 146). 

The FlattB [1640 ft.), a hilt about 41/2 U. to the S. of Wies- 
badon (comp. the Map, p. 130), -With a ahooting-todge ot the Grand- 
Duke of LuiemboTug, built in 1834, is frequently visited for the 
extenaiva view [finest by evening-light). The two fine stags at the 
entrinoe were modelled by Hauch ; in the interior la a fine collection 
of antlers and furniture made from antlers (adm. 1 .#, for a party 
60pf. each). Inn adjacent. Besides the above-mentlaned footpath 
and the Nerothal load, Che Platte Is reached by the PiiIttbg-Stoassb, 
whlnh leads paat the cemeteries (cab, bkb p. 147). 

Neai (he He« Cemeter; (p. 1S2) and ihe sataueitt^llm is tbe popular 

No. 3, p. 143), with varions unpretending garden-reaUnranls. Forejil-palhB 
lead benoe to tbe oharm nRly situated Augusia Viciorm Temph {J mm. 10 
the N. uf the las! bond of the Iramivav] «nl to tbe N.W. Ibroueb tbe 
Mami-Tlmt to the C/t hr.) WaldMoidiat (garden-restanrant) and tbe (10 mia.) 
Platioultural EaUUlihnient. to which lisitors are admitted by tbe keeper 
(reslauraut). We may return b; tbe FlaCUr-Slr. (comp. Hap, p. 13^, or. 
Grossing Ibis road, by a footpath through the pine-woods and tbe Babm- 
gruni (p. IW). 

About a M. to the W. o[ Wiesbaden, to tbe right of tbe old Schwal- 

dissolved in 1»9. A little farther up in a building formerly used as a 
PheaiaatiTi (FaiimerU), with an old parli. A ihady footpath leadi hence to 
the Cfthr.) CAa-...«Aa«. mentioned at p. U3. 

Wiesbaden ie connected with Moibaeh'Bidirich [p. 136 ; 3 M. 
to tbe S.) by the Adolfs-AU^e [PI. D, 7), the Biebrichet Stiasse 
(PI. D, 8), and the 'Wiesbadenei All£e, each with a double avenue 
of horse- chest nutfl. Halfway to the village, beyond the Adolfthohe, 
are the Neut Adoifthoht and Bhcinhoht, two caf fs-restanrants. Farther 
on Is the Bitlrich Water Towtr, built In 1897 (vtew extending to 
tbe Nlederwsld). Those who use the electric tramway (No. 1, p. 147) 
should alight in Mosbach at the 'Schloss-Park' gtatiou and walk 
through the park to the Rhine (i/» ir.)- 

By (ollovlng either the villa-lined SoNHBNBSBSBB-STaAesB (PI. 
E, F, 4 ; electric tramway If 0. 2, p. 148) or Ihe promenade*, aklitlng 

154 RouU SS. HATENOe. Praelicat 

the Rambaeh, vt reach (>/s hi.) Soimmberg (Nauauer Hof), s large 
village with • nev Koman Catliollc church and a castle, nhlrh onee 
l>elonged to the Counlt of Nusau and viu deiCrayed by the French 
In 1689 (tBTem at 'the top). The toner (116 eteps) commandE a 
pretty view. From the ruins s road leads to the H.E. to the (I/4 hr.] 
Bmgtrt (946 ft. ; view), which Is mirlied by three treea. Higher 
np the valley is the Stiekei-MiihU, a favoorite garden -restaurant, a 
little beyond which Is the charmingly sitoated village of Rambach 
(770 ft.}. 

From Kambach we mar ascend (1 br.) the ■£>fftritrip/<lG68 ft-i rftula.; 
view-lower, lUpr.), which riiei to (be H. Ths dSKent nwT tw made to 
P/( hi.) /fUdtraHauiM (p. 21B). 

22. MayAQce. 

K«lwaT BUtioiu. The Cehtbu. Bailwii Sutioh (PI. E, F, 1; 
•Ralauranl] for tbe tnloi to Blnien, Warmi, Uannhelm, Frankfort (br 
the left bank of tha Main), and Ilaniiatadt. Hotal-ouDibusei meet Iha 

ti D, B), Khein- 

Sir. 71, wilh hol-iir heaUos, E. from 3, B. IVi-lVt. D. 9/i, oma. •/< ^( 
HoTit, DU Kbik (F1. a; D, S). Bhnn-Str. 63, B. Irom !>/>, B. ±'l,. D. 8, 
omD. V'-^i Hf^TKLD'AHOLiTnasCPI. b; D, B), Bheia-Str. 89. K. I^ram 2</i. 
B IVi. D. 3 ^; these three are of Ibe Bral cIvib, with llllj — °!<tadt 
CuBLENZlPl. h; CD, Rheln-Str. 49. wilb good wine-reataorant, D-i'ltJl! 
QiBMiHt. (Pl.c; C,4), RheiD-Str. 13, R. liTi^, B. 61] i>f., D. from V/iJI. 
— /nlAcIWn (commercial): Eahpfeh (PI. k; C, 4). Am Brand; Lindsbebs 
(FM; D, tt, I.«hr-Str. 3S, wltb wiDe-reiUarant, U. i'/rl'/i^, B. 80 pf,, 
D. i-l</,Jl; HStul 2UH Post (PL mi C, 4). BraorlgBsse 14, E. IVrS, 
B. ■/, J. — Star Ihi Cmlral SihHba: CiNTSit. Hoikl ITl. d; P, IQ, 
Bahnhofs-Plali 8, with restanrant. aa-4, B. 1. D. VI, ^i BiH»Hot-H6iBt 
IPt. e; F, 3), BiihnboEs-Pliti 6, R. ^,, B. t ^.- Hobh'8 Pfaleib Hor 
(PI. a I K. !j), Haniter-Plalz D, with reslauraati Cohtdiekt.l (PI. f ; E, % 
Bahnbof-Slr. ii-, Haihzzi Huf (PI. o; E, 3), comer of Bahnhor-Str. and 
Parcui-SlT.; Taohdb Hotel (PI. i; E, 2), BahDhof.SIr IT, with good 

1. K. 3-3. B. 1, D. lVr3Vi.4. — Hebbibcbbb Har(Pl. •; E, F, 7f, 

Jlr. 13, Pjbii, (PI. ri F. !^, Bahnhof-Slr. II; Weis (PI. aj, B. 3i, 

Babnbof.Str. 2i BraoEa Hor (PI. p, F, 3), Kaiser- Wilhelm -Bint << theaa 

6 (p. 157}i filndlhalk (p 

Trllon-PlaU (PI, D, S). - 
below, Aad'Kalh, see abo 
MaUandaeaHB, near tbe 

Woclitr, KaiHrlHf all three li 
164) Scbll!ei-Pl 
. m-, OeulitStr 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 


Sathi. Jpoat-Bad, Bilhildil-SI 

Per drly« vitlilii lb« gMH . 

i1 RiuT Ba«A( in tbe BtalDC 


lie ub 


1-3 p«a. 


1-3 pen.' 




i jl - 


a ji — 


2 jua 

1 ji - 


1 ^30 


i JI — 


1 jiao 


1 jT 30 


1 j»- 

1 jT BO 

4 J* — 


log bse 10 

pti imrile 

IFlicl«9 fr. 

« 60 

Per hont 

Per '/, tr- 

Sieb i/itir. more. . . 

To Zaiilbub 

To Ibe Neae AnlaEe . 
To GuUl (pootira eit 
To Lenlsberg 

Escli Waopf. 

T»mws;i. 1. From tbe Bahnhoft-Flati (PI. F, 1, 3) by tbe SchlUer- 
Flati (PI. C. 1 1 HafuhBD) and Bbeln-BtF to CoMil (p. !241) -, 1 From tbe doAn- 
iHsfi-mti bT Ihe Kaiser-SIr , FlscUs-Harkt (PI. D, E. 4|, Hafcl.en, Heiilbor 

Kl. A, 4). »nd Neue Anlige (p. 163) lo !F««"0b; 3. From Iho JoAnAo/.- 
oB Tia the K&iser-Str. and Rbeln-A^ee (PI. O, 4, fi) lo ZoirA<v''n (Kueer- 


[. Blean 

ic Tflor (PI. C. 5) Bi 

m >t 0.!(.l (p. ail) 
or (PI. G, B), every 
Sf.irici (p. 13S) 1 
■- --idoalling at II 


TuES., and TbuM 
Plata {p. I8i), 12- 
■LiedenafBl" (PI. 

to pf., relDrn 5Upt. — 3. To Eatl)u\m. 
id Tslegniib OMce, in tbe Brand (PI. D, 1). 
> (PL D, 3), in winter daili. — Kulo (in summeF], on Bun., 
I . and fi.i >.ftfirnuoni in tbe Neue AnUge (p. IMIi oo Sun., 
1 the BiadiballB (p. IDflJ; dail? in iheSchiller- 

L the Sliini 

ral [p. leO); the Rhine Prome 
l; Collection of Bomin Anllq 
it (p. 163). Afternoon; 


and Hailwaj Bridge (p. 165)1 Harbour 
Kaymoe, Qerman Maint (270 ft.), the seat o( > biehop, and a 
Htrongiy forHfled town with 84,600 Inhab. (28,000 Prot., 4000 Jews), 
including a gairisou of 7B00 BoldieiB, is pleasantly situated on the 
left bank of the BMnt, oppoeite and below the inflax of the Main, 
and is connected with the email town of Cabtbl on the opposite 
bank by a bridge (p. 169). The old streets of the town ue for the 
most part narrow and oroobed, but ample space for a 'I4eu«tadt', lo 
the N., has been afforded by the teeeat widening of the line of 
oiicumvallatlon. Laigenew harbours wecebuiltln 1880-87. Mayence 
is one of the headquarters of the trade in Rhine wlue and mann- 
factures Urge quantities of sparkling wine; it is also well known 
foi its leather goods and artistic fumitote. Market-gardening is 
extensively carried on hi the environg. 

' la bliloricallT ona of the moal IntereoUog of the Rbenlih 

The M 

lU Impo 

irategit ( 

lame (Mogonliaaim) are of Celtic origin, 
outiide the Oanthor (p. 1^, ank tbla ipeedil; 

'eretidenia, Roman triders, tudteteraoi (amaiae). 
1 u the bue for Die RomM umpuleni in Central 

- - - - 10 Tight 

18 and (lie Weliersi 

•nd le^er of this powtrt, 
by upwards of 4 bundrflf 

Moerclil proiperit. of the toiri 
oldene Halm'. Two ceotDrle 
iiive prirUeges in conjequeno 

1162, on wUch occuinn BOO citlians were kiUed, and th 
baniahed. Thencofortli tie once indepandsnt city wu n 

In 1S6S Ua^TS'B 
In the Thin; Tears' Wat it was capttu 
perlalists (16K), and the l^nchflBM) 

Peace of dampo : 

it right of 

f ID ll]™ 

The CBSTiiL RittwiT Station (PI. E, F, i;| waa built in 1884 
by BerdeUi and orounented by Scholl and Barth, — The Kubbb- 
Stbasbb, tbe main street of the new tows, a handsome aTenne aboat 
1000 yds. long and OYer 60 yds. wide, embellished with trees and 
flowei-beda, and flanked by haudiome bouses, sitenda from the 
station to the Rhine. Among its buildings are the Ofpea of At 
Bettian Bailvray (PI. F. 2), the OfUfOymnaiiiim (Fl. Or, 4), the 
ImperialBank, and the CArijluj-X(rch»(Pl.F, G, 4), built in 1897- 
1902 by Kreyssig, with its conspicnons dome. 

The Bahnfiof-Str. (PI. E, 2), to the right of the RaiaeT-Strisse, 
leads to the small MOnstbb-Fl&tz (PI. E, 2), which oCRDples th« 
site of the Munatei-Thor. The Schiilei-Str., in which Is the Brthaltt 
ffD/'(i735), now the Qovemment Buildings, leads hence to the rtght 
(S.E.) to the achillet-Platz (p. 164), while the Gtoase Bleiche inn« 
to the N.E, towards the Rhine, in a direction almost parallel with 
the Kaiser- Stiaaae. 

Palate. MAYEMCE. SZ. Sotttt. 157 

The Qbobbb Bleidhb (PI. E, 2, 3, 4) is tbe principal old street 
In tbe N. put of the town. On tbe S. aide of it (No. 16) is the for- 
mec Sladion'sche Ho/' (1728-33). In s smaU square to the left is 
the Neat Brunnen, sn obelisk with ilTer-goda and Uona beloir. 

On the light, at the E. end of the street, where it enters the 
Sobloas-Plati, is aiB»ChuTehof8t.Ptttr{n.E, i), ereoled in 1756, 
with bold vaalting and fteacoes b; Applaul. — The bairaeka, 
formerly on the M. side of tbe large Sahlost-Piati (PI. F, 4), have 
been pulled down, and the district Is now being remodelled. 

On the E. side of the square rises the former Elector^ Paloee 
(PI. F, 4, 6), ft large red sandstone edifice, begun in 1627 and 
hastily finished in 1678 on a much less grand scale than that orig' 
Inally contemplated. The wing facing tbe Scblose-Plfttz was com- 
pleted in 1754; the main fagade fronts the Rhine. T^ palace is 
now occupied as a musenm ; but daring the next few years, owing 
to the restoration of the building, only a portion of tbe collections 
win be accessible. The most important section of the mnsenm is 
that of the Roman and Qeimanio antiquities , on the gronndfloor. 
On the first floor aie the picture-gallery, the municipal library, and 
part of the Gutenberg Museum^ on the second fioor, the remainder 
of the Gutenberg Musenm and the nataral history colleotione. — 
The Library is open on Mon, Tnes., Thurs., & Frid., 9-1, on Wed. 
& Sat. 9-4 (the reading-room ftom 2 to 5 or 6 also). Tbe Outen- 
herg Muievm (adm. free) is open on Sun., 10-1, Wed. 2-4, and on 
other days, 10-4 or 10-6, on application in the library. The other 
collections are open tree on Sun. & Wed., 10-1 and 2-5, and Mon., 
Thurs., and Frid., 2-5 [in winter Son. 10-1, Wed, 2-4); at other 
times (10 to 4 or 5) cards of admission (50 pf.) most be obtained. 
Entrance, Schloss- Plati 15. 

The 'Roman and Oermanic Aritiquitits chiefly consist of objects 
found in or near Mayenoe, and the collection is one of the richest 
in Oetmany. 

The VaiTiBDU cddUIhi tbe orlglDal models of I^onoMioi'i statue of 
Oilt«iberg(p.ie3)aDd5cAsir(slatueor8chlUer(p. 1U). In the Aitk-Booh 
li a mMel of lbs pile-nork of the Roman bridge (set below). — To tbe 
rigbt- are Tbbbe Roous, with prebletorlc sntiqnitiCB sod imaller Boman 
and Germanic antiqnltieg. 

Franl"'h, and Jfntiunal Inlcr^pU<ml and tbe Ureer'snUplUivj (utalnene oi 
the Koman and medlsTal inscrtptlons, I8T5, 3JI; appendli, IBOO, 8 Jt). 
The Bomen iculptarea include reliefs, upilals, sarcophagi, altars, and 

url, oniilde the partlion, (be wooden pile-work of a RemoR 
J bail! in (la first oentnrj of the present era, but aflerwarL 

15s Boute22. HAYENOE. Muteum. 

left of the eatraoca are Romui, to tb( ilgbl, Alemuniin ud FniBkiah 
tntlqnlties. We But iDspecl tbe Bumm SecHtn. By tlie Srat vindaw: 
Objecti from Ihe Bomin cWll cemeterr >t Mftjence 0ri cent. i. D,)i In 
the winaow-nlche, ikeleton of B womin with i wle. In the origin»l leaden 
CDfOn 1 iQwmrda the midiU of the room, "Goblet in perforsted work ('vai 
dUtretum') ud bottle vilb chued Bacchic leeiiea. In the Brit large dim 

wltb saodali. lealher, and tooli, found In IS61 in the acblUeF-Plmli. In 
tbe wiadownlche^ two bronie waier-apoutt in the ehspo of Uoiu^ beadfli 
writing materfalJt^ alumpa^ miIitrLr7 diplomas, eLc, In the second iknd 

weapool, etc. Bj tbe window, rings, baii-pins, wi nirmrB. The foortli 

etc. In tbe middle of the roDm.'nnder glBts, funereal urns of leiianarlea! 
Farther on, to Ihe right, Bronie female bead (Dlansrij small •otin 
chariot «lth charioteer, In broDse-gilt. In tbe long central caw, tools and 
weaponj, keyi, locks, immpets. Between Ihe pillars on tbe Ion are bronie 
atatnelles, bronie vessels, and portions uf armour. ^ Tbe FranHih an- 
tiquiliei oeSapf the right side of tbe room. Tbe cabinets contain an 
eiteniiia enllectlgn of weapon*, omamenti, otenslls, and glass. By (he 
second window, andn glass- gold rings of the bronie period) Bonuta 
hand-mlrrot; mediKval iyory oenings and omamente, inclndiog a gold 
enamelled 'Fibnla'. of the lltb century. — Rooh III. contains the 
rsmainder of the Frukish and Alemannlan antiquities. At the entrance 
is tbe tomb of a Prankish woman (from Uberalm] ; in the first oentral cue, 
a glais drinking-horn; by the brft window, belt-buckles and ornamonta; 
by the second window, Carloiingittn swords and lance-beadi. 

The *Bomim-8cTmanic Ctntrat Muteum, which we next enter, 
constets of four rooms containing repioduclions of the most interest- 
ing pre-Christian KntiqnilUs of Qetm&iiy aod the Netherlands, and 
■flOTds a nntque surrey of the eitsnt monaments of this kind. Ths 
collentJoa fills five roomg. 

We now asoend the staircaae (with Veit's csrtoong for the cath- 
edral palntingg, p. 161) to tbe Picture Oalltry. TMb is i collection 
of the second clssa only, bat contains a few good Dutch and Flemish 
works whlcli will repay a short lijit. Cat&logne 20 pf. [1900]. 

Room I. Modem Works. 1st Section: 11, SchimUbir, DnH Canal. 

11a. B. Vaitiirr' Wouian of the Black Fnrest; 2». Flaggtn, Qamhler; 27* 
F. vim Hmu. Thorvaldsen. - Room II. Nelherlsndtsh Works. 1st See.: 
IS. LairitH, Baptism of Ht. Augusdnei C8. Valtntcrth, Tower of Babel. 
2nd Sec: 66. il'ittnair, Boors^B^. Ftmeka Ihi EUer. Triomph of David i 
73. St Ym, Lady In a poultry-yard. — KoOH III. Netherlandisb Works. 
1st Sec: m. A. van at Tom. Jnditb; B4. Jan Stm, Discing lesson) 
95. Bat. van Ruyidaii, Landscape, 2nd Bee: 102, iCS, C. Bega, Boors; 100. 
Jan Urou, Old maii( 107 Th. Wgct, Italian seaport. — Kooh IV. Kelher. 
landlsh Works. 1st Sec: ■ISI. 8. zan St^idail, Klver-scene; 138, Jfottotter, 
Tavem-scenei lie. /. ran Oaiim, Hlver-scene, Snd Sec.^ 171. Tinleri IH 
roiiivrr, Tavem-gcene; 1E0. CScrc'iim, Animalsi 1B7. C. £«cier, Landscape { 
183. jy«jrs lAs Elder, Church-inlerior i Iffi. Dirt Bait, Lady tearing ■ lelter. — 
Booh V. Italian and Spanish Masters, lit Hec. : M. Omrcmo, St. Frandi 
otAniB(i212 Ow-itoX™*, Bapeof Europii •217-218. ««iiMo J-«rrart (school 
of VereeUi), Winged altar-piece (St. Jerome in a landscape, AdoraUon of the 
Infant, The yonng Tobias; three admirable pictures); m Cor, d( 0(di(J), 
Madonna. 2nd Sec: 2a. Hwilla <t). Stealing ducks; 336. «q>ala. Camp. 
~ Room VI (.llayence Room). Views of the city ; portraits of goTsmora 
of Hayence. Elaborately ornamented celling (charming view from tbe or:eI 
window). - Boo- VII. German Maslers of tbe nih and 18lh centuries. SJB. 
StetaU, Joseph's templatioD; SBT, 33S. HiAau, Ludicapu; 868. J. B. Han, 

_ . .. , ...J, FouDtlfttloii nf the Cbsrtreaie, witb 
Btnru bv LI nuearll}- — Kooi IX. Old Oennan Rchucl. lU. H. Baidtmg 
Orim, AdnratiDD of tbe Uail; 139-iS7. Hailtr of IM 'Bauibtich-(1) Lite of 
Msry; 133. Earll/ Copy of Dllrer. Adsm ind Eve InriBlnal il Madrid). Bf 
the wlDdQV, lis. SchOu/iHn, fitoniDg of Bt. Etephen (AnnDacisUDii on llie 
buk); Ul. UaiUr of lAi St. Barlluilenita dliar (p. 11J,'SS. Andrew And 
rMull, — Book S. Modem Worka. 162. iindnm:Ani(( Uit Taannrr. Ahr>. 
WllligiBchiJleiiBesaieSclioiils. — RookXI. Modem Workj 

Js,_ 166. Himteif {». M old m 
oftielSthee ' 

161. BaiKli, Limdic&pe witli 

SooH Xn. Freocb Mulen. D12, 511. Mignard, FoetrT. HiatOTf, F^niiD;, 
and tbe God of Time i SOS. //aliitr, PrisoeM Talmont ; 186. flinaud, OiTiiller ; 
196. Funi, PDrtinll orbimMir. — Lull; come two ruomi cnndJoiog cuts. 
The first hu a ibt rococo ceiling. Tbe other Is the AtaOtmii-Saia, buUt 
by the lut Elector Frledrjch Karl von Krthal in 1T7E, with ceiling-paintifig 
br Jantuiriiu Z'Ck and portialU of Ibe builder and (opposite) of Graad-Duke 
Lewis n. of Hease (d. WlOi. the Utter by E. eon Btuti. 

Od the second floor is the Naitiral Hiitory Muitum, witb the 
coUectioDs of the Rhenish NataiU Htalor; Society. The ornitho- 
logical BBCtioii la eitanslve. 

The Municipal Library, the GuUnbtrg Muiaim, and the CoUtction 
of Coins occupy the flret and second flooia of tho W. wing. 

The Library consiste of abool 300,000 'ola., InclndinelSCO incnnabnla, 
and 13001IS9. from the Sib cent, onwerds. The readlag-ruom contalas pnr- 

The Ovtmitrg JfuiiBm, tonnded Id 1901, ii eoanected with the UbrarT. 
The mteroom cnnUini docnmeDia reUtiiE 'o Qutenbev, wrlllDcs raFemng 
to tbe iDventinn r.f printing, md memorlali of tbe Gutenberg festivals of 
1SS7, 1340, end 1900. — On Ibe Blaircase are BuUtrU deslgni for the pro- 
rooms on tbe second tlnor contain on eihlbUlon lUnstr'ating the hietor; 
and ievelopment of printing, bouk-illuslTallon, etc. In the cesei by ibe 
windows are speelmene of early priitlnj by Gulenbere, Fust, KUdScboITer, 
and a selBctloD of the mont Imporluit works to the present day. 

The Coins (12,000 specimens) inclade i tuU set of those of Mayence, 
from the time of Charlemagne down to the orerthrow of the electoral away. 

Opposite the Electoral PaUoe , to the S. , la the Palace of tlie 
Grand-Z)uie(Pl.E, 5), (ormerly aiodijeY"" Tevtonie Ordtr, bailt 
in 1731-39 In the haiaque style ; and connected with it U the Ar- 
lenal, whlah was erected by Elector Philip Chailes in 1738-40. 

A bendsome •Eiplanade (PI. A-Q, 5), 21/2M. long, 100 yds. 
broad, and planted with trees, has been constructed along tbe Rhine, 
beginning on the S. at the railway-bridge mentioned at p. 165; it 
extends on the N. past the eiteuslve new harbour to the lugelheimei 
An [p. 136). — Opposite tbe arsenal, at the apot where tbe old 
Boman bridge once stood (p. 156), the Rhine is spanned by an iron 
*BTidKa(Pl. E, 5; toll4pf.), erected in 1881 -80 from designs by 
ThUrsch. Of the five arches the central one haa a clear span of 
334 ft., and the others of 321 ft. and 282 ft. The bridge commands 
a fine panorama. CaiUl, see p. 241. 

Ttie8ladlhallt(^l.D, 5) is a modem building in the BenaisEance 

160 Bouie23. MAYENCE. Cattedral. 

style, with a large hall, used for balls, ooncerM, and public meet- 
ings. CaK- Restaurant, see p. 154; view of the Rhine from the 
terrace. Near it, Rhein-Straase 59, is the so-called Iron Tmetr 
('ElBeme Thumi'), and farther ap the river Is the so-called Wooden 
TaiMf ('Bolzthurm'; PI. B, 4), two fragments of the old fortifications, 
dating respectively from the 13th and the 16th century. — In the 
MailandEgasse, 'near the Iron Tower, is the old Church af iht Holy 
Qhost (13th cent.), now a reatanrant (p. 164). 

The centre of the old town of Mayence Is occupied by the 
marliet-plaee, lu which are a fountain erected in 1526 by Elector 
Albeit of Brandeoburg (iBBtoied), and the tmpoalng — 

■Cathedral |;PI. G, 4 ; St. Martin'g). A cathedral is menlionod w 
having esiated at Mayence aa early as 40B, and a new building, 
with a baptistery, was erected by Bishop Sidonlos in the t>th century. 
A Romanosqne church was bnilt under Arebbtihop WiUlgii [975- 
1011^, but it wag burned down on the very eve of Its conaeciation 
in 1009. It wag restored by Abp. Bario in 1036, but was again de- 
stroyed by fire in 1081. On its re-ereotion the bnilding received a 
vaulted roof (see p. iivili). In 1159 the church served as a fortress 
during the struggle between Abp. Arnold and the citizens. The 
upper part was yet again destroyed by flre in H91. Between that 
date and 1243 were erected the W. transept, tlie main choii, the 
octagonal dome, the Memoiie or chapter-house (p. 162), and tho 
ololeters. Gothic side-chspets were added after the dose ot the 
13th cent., and the cloisters were wholly remodelled in 1397-1405. 
The wooden spire of the main W. tower was burned in 1767, and 
was replaced in 1774 by a stone steeple In the Gothic style, by 
J. F. Neumann the Younger of Wiinburg (p. 296). In the French 
period the church was used as a magazine and barracliB, but in 
' 1814 It was repslred and restored to its sacred uses. A thoroagh 
rcgloratlan of the E. part of the building was carried out In 1868-79, 
under the superintendence of Laske, Waiilctn, and Oujrperj. The 
middle tower was rebuilt in the Romanesqne style la 1875, while 
the crypt under the E. choir and the two side-lowers were renewed 
In harmony with the extant remains. 

In consequence of all these vicissitudes the chuich possesses 
great value lu the history ot architecture. In its present form tt 
consists of nave and aisles with chapels, an E. and a W. choir, and 
aW. transept. The groups of towers at theE. andW., especially the 
picturesque W. tower (270 ft.) above the cross, present an imposing 
appearance, somewhat injured, however, by the numerous addi- 
tions. The lower portions of the E. round towers probably belong 
to the building of WE lligis or Bardo. The transept, with Its threa 
huge windows, the W. choir (aboTe which is an equestrian statue 
of St. Martin), and the three W. apses with their rich decoration 
of roond-arched frieze and dwarf-gallnios, show the flamboyant 
forms of the Transition period. All the additions, except the Mem- 

Cathedral. HATENOE. 52. R(»iU 161 

aila, are Qotblc in st^le. The decoration of the interior ghovs 
tJie muk of aach century in turn. — Oomp. the gionnd-pUn, p. 155. 

The Haih Ebtrahob, which U reached between some of the 
houses in the market-place, lain the N. aisle. The two braze a doors 
were eiecated by order of Archhp. Willigis in 888, as the Ladn 
inaciiptlon on the bordei of the wings records , and are the oldest 
in Germany after those of Ali-la-Chapelle. On the upper paneta 
are inacriptione, engraved in 1135, enumerating the privileges 
granted to the town by Archbishop Adalbert 1., out of gratitude for 
hifl llberatton from the liands of Henry V, in 1163. — There are 
other entrances in the E. ta^de in the Liebfrauen-Platz, with 
inteTeatiDg capitals at the S. portal, and in the S. transept, opening 
from the Leich-Hot. The cathedral is open daily, 8-9 and ISO- 
IS a.m., and 2-4 p.m. The vergec, who liTea in the Le!ch-Hof, 
shows tho Memorie, cloisters, crypt, and St. Qothard's Chapel, at 
other tiroes also on application (fee '/j-l Jt). 

The 'Inibsiob, the vaulting of which is borne by 5S pilUrs, is 
123 yds. long, 50 yds. broad, and 89 ft. high in the uave. The 
slender pillars are separated by very narrow openings, and each 
alternate one is provided with a resaant from which the vaulting 
springs. The W. ohoir, aave, and aisles have been painted dark 
blue and richly decorated, the dome of the W. choir and the nave 
being adorned with paintings. The subjects of the latter are (in the 
dome) scenes ^m Old Testament history referring to the sacrifice 
of Christ, and (in the nave] scenes from the life of Christ. Design- 
ed by Ph. Vtit, they have been executed by flemnonn, Latiruliy, 
aod Seltefoet. TheE. choir retains the red coating applied to it in the 
18th century. In other parts the red sandstone and the grey lime- 
Btone have been restored to light by the removal of the whitewash. 

The most interesting feature of the interior consists in the 
numerous ■Toubstohhs it contains, rangiiig from the t3th to the 
19th cent. (comp. p. xiii). 'We begin to the right of the principal 


e T<m Sublmlt 

family (1693) and of 

Sun con BritdmiaA (d. liVT). Tha 

1 1328. Uie altai from 

1601. The huidsoi 

ne Portal Qf lie 

at. ODlhard Chapel (p. 163), in the 

■raerlj belnnged li 

J the Holy QSo 

,1 Ohorch If-m. 

S. Awl.. By 

the let pillar, • 

■EenaiasancB M. 

ar ofUayiKi and 

[ JrcAWiftop o/ . 

Magdtb^rg (th'e stahiE, 

or KelbBlm blone, 

by Ihfl <.n.e pilUr 

. B" tbe second p 

nl of Eltnlcr BtbaiUaa 

.1566). Ooposile 

the' Sill pillar. 

, io the chapel of the 

Virgtn, wtiicli was restored in the 

painting and Blaine 


fcr'i episcopal jubilee 

hi 1876, Is tbe mc 

relate (d. 18TT) 

. - In tte adjoining 

81. Kagnns Chftpsl 

an iD Bntombni 

marble. Tbe Ualsl 

a maiterpiece of late 

medlsvil wood-cai 

E^ng {«l"'^t.)' ' ° " 

. By the Bth 


by Blsbop Oarlac 

of 0™sBllo"<£irj 

m the ■cbnr''ch ' 

of 8t. John {colouring 

- The Clapel of 

■ Oirod III. of Daun 


main, .n e.rly^Goth 1 

BxaDixiR-a BMm. !6«. Edit. 


162 RoaU23. MATENOE. CaOtdtal. 

wiueed ■lUr-piece; the Ghud of St. Tletor hu ■ biroqac altsr, duttni 

fTom ieaa. 

floor of wMch hu been rklied iboui 8 ft. by the imtorttigi) of the cirpt- 
It BODMtoi ■ umopr wd litn in memoi! of Biahop EatlelST (aas p. 161). 
To the right Id tha — 

SiTi, hjXbtlOtlipiliu ElerlorPeUrtrMAipill, or ^i\Jupnl< {cL 1330), 
leaning with hii right hand on Honiy VII. and with hla Jefl on Lewis 
the B»Y»ri»n, tha two emperora crowned by himi adjoining him, Slog 
John or Bohemia, tlgo eruwoed br him (Qolhic ; colouring reatored in 1834). 
Seieril other monumenta of archbishops ud electon. Bj the Bth pillar 
on the M. side, •SttcUr IHil\tr m IleiUmrf, 14S2. Oppoiite is the i^lp«, 

iBwood, B; the lib pillar on the K. Bide. -Albiri of Saimv, admlolBtiator 
of the archbishopric, 1181, with a simple and Dobla figure of the youthfal 

Erincs. Oppo>ile(a. side), •eiiclar Birllwld tat llmii4iirf, lfi04, probahlT 
7 Tilmao Biemenschneider, one of the Uoest latc-Qothle monnments in 
the cathedral. By the 2nd pillar on theS., -Eltctor Jacci ton LletmUin, 
iftce, lale-flotbie. 

8. Awl*. The Cbaoel of All I 
Benaiisance style, ] 

Chapel of All Saints (1317) contains an 

alUr in the 

insttin aftar- 

rorms. In the Chapel of Bt. John are i 

Canon Fried, too Furstenberg (4. 1607), c 

mi aVi^B^ 

ed work on a Eold ground representing 

the TwelTe 

lining Cbipal 

Apostles ai 

(modem), and an alUr of lB62"^''the"Hen'aiMMM°stPre."— irSriefl™ 
(he handsome entrance-portal (Utb cent.) to the 'Kemoria' and cloisters 
(see below) Is a Alat (Ifith cent. ; boill into the wall) bearing an Inscription 
to the memory of Failrada for rastradana), the third wife of Charlemagne ; 
she died at Frankfort in 791, and was bnried there In the chorch of 
St. Alban, destroyed In IfiOZ. 

The 8. Taansiri contains several monuments to prelates of the ISth 
century. A fine head of Salnm on the monameni of Canon von Briidenbaeh- 
BUrrrilufm l.ni3). and the noble (Intbie monnment of Art/Ap. Conrad //. 
mo Wetniiirt, 1393, adjoining the W. choir, ue noteworthy. Oret the 
door openJDc on the Leich-Hof (p. 181) is a Homanesque reUef. 

The BieunoFgcHos, or W. Cao'B, separated from the transepts by 
galleries of 1683. contains rococo ■Cbuir Stalls, erecUd la 1787. In the 
dome are the paintings already mentioned (p. IBl). 

From the 3. aisle tha portal above noticed (to the right, the old 
Komaneique portal) leads Into the Memorie, erected In 1243, and roofed 
with wide groined vaulting. This was the old ch^itet-honse, and owe* 
Its name to the memorial services held in it annuaUy. By ibe W. wall 
(r.) Is the episcopal throne In stone. Adjacent are several monuments of 
the years 1636, IfifiO, and IfiCe. — The Oothic Chapil of SI. Niilutla; to tha 
S. of the Memorie, dates from the Uth century. 

.on Mei 

Tthis^'^'' ""™"°'"' 


■aid (women's 

praise , 'th. 


oly Virgil 

leyond i^ on 

It souls. Be 



ad in 17S3, a c 

opy of the ( 


of 1318. 

Bv the! 


aUd flEores 

of the 

Apoatlgg (lite-Boi 



It,, whio" 11 

otd a good ' 

'lew of 


t, also con 


rom other churches 

A gloomy chamber to the S. of the clniitars contains fine Benklstauce 
*Choii Stalls and tapestry of the U-17(h centuiiaa. 

Between the N. transept oC the cithedial and the Marbt, puUr 
concealed from view by suicounding buUdingB, is the Oh^ol of 

statue of Qtiimberg, MA1ENCE. 22. Boutci 163 

Bt. Oothud, a double cbnrcli vith aides, a characteilstic Roman- 
eaqoe building, arectod in 1135-8. It originally formed the chapel 
of the archiepiscopal palace (eDtiance from the N. transept, p. 161). 
Tbe dwarf' gallety on the exterioT (comp. p. 68J and the pillars 
and columna within deserve notice. 

& Uttle to the W. of the Leich-Hof (p. 161) is tbe Prot. Church 
of8t.John(Fl. G, 3), which occnptes the site of the old baptistery. 
— Hard by. to the Augaftlner-Str., ii the Liebfrautn- Kirche (PI. B, 
C, 4), of 176&-76, with roeoeo decoration and eelltng-paintines by 
Januulus Zick. 

Near the cathedral is the Odtbnbebs - Platz (Pt. G, D, 3), 
which is embellished with a 'Statm of Chitenberf, the inventor of 
printing, designed by Thorvaldien, executed at Paris, and erected 
in 1837. At the sides of the pedestal are two reliefs. The insciip* 
tion at the back by Ottfrted MiUler runs thus : — 

......) InvBolor of printing, and 

.1 contempoT&riei of Ibe ume n&me u himself, 

Straase 2 CPl. D,i), aod nut, in ipite Df tbe liblet, at the Hof zumOanslll 
Emmeran-StruBB 23 (PI. D, S|. After a sUt in Sltasiburg, Qulei 
■HDig la haie utablished Himself In hia DBtive ctly in 1444. The ea 

•Migned belongs lo Ihe year lUT (p. 151), though the 2Mine fragme 

though tL . _„_ 

Le al f aril, ii ioubtleM ei 
Hli flrat work nt importance wu the fnmoui ^S-llne Bibl« (ItSO-UK?). 
JehomFiul, who had asiieted Qutenbergin thU worlc. sfterwaTdi lepiratad 
^om him, and estibliahed a new printing-ofllce In pattn«rsliip with JVI«r 
SchBffir. Outeoberg's subseqaenl career; hia connectian with Oia BS-line 
Bible, the ty^iea of which were in the hsnda of Alhrechl Pflater of Bam- 
berg from 14B1 onwsrdai and the quesHon whether Gutenberg printed the 
Mareiice Catholicon (1460), the earliest lone work In Ilalic charaelera, 
are all points still veiled in obBturity. After a residence in Eltville (p. IBl), 

incite? or" 14ro,™a™ war bnried"in Th" Fr° nciactS clfnrch, which' ™ 
pulled down in 1742- ~ Oatenherg-* alleged Br» prinling-offlce, at the Ht/ 
mm Jungm, Franiiakanerguae 3. and tbosg of Johann Fual and Beler 
Scbd3er at the Hof lum SiaabrtchI, acbualer-atruae 20, and the Seidffer- 
Bo/, Korbgaiae 3, are aU indicated by memorial tablets. 

Opposite the monnment is tbe Theatre, erected in 1833. — In the 
Schuster- Strasse, one of the chief busineis-stceeta, which rnns oft 
the old marhet-place, is the Gothic CAurcA of 8t.Quentin(PLD,i; 
16th cent), and newt it the Church of St. Chriatopher, In the early- 
Gothic style. Between them Is the large Ptnaioturt' Hospital and 
opposite is the Knehd'eche Bof(So. 2), with a rich oriel in the 
Benaissance style. — From the Schnster-Str. the Stadionerhof-Str. 
leads to the W. to th6l>ciZ&Brfl<r fiof (1710-18), now occupied by law- 
oonrt8(P!. D, E, 3, 4), and to theCiureft o/SJ.Emmwan fPl.D, 3), 

164 Bouit23. MATEMCE. Citadel. 

a t&Bte(nl Ute-Ooclilc building, erected in 1450 and leitored )n 1881 
(old oeillDg'piJDttiigs). 

Followicig the broad Ladwigs-StrEisse from the theatre towaida 
theW., ire reach the (PI. D, 2, 3; mnaic, gee 
p. 15(1], vhich is planted with che»tnnt-tieeB and embelliBhed with 
a bronze Stalae ofSehitttr, by SchoU (1862). The plant Is bounded 
on the S, by the Ottaner Bof (1747), now the reeidence of the 
Uilitary QoTemor and of the Commandant, and on the W. by the 
£aM«nA<trner £ro/'(lT66), the Ba/ntala, and the fidHary Casino ol 
SeWiAovMT Hof. 

The broad Emmerlch-JOBeph-Strasae leade hence to the W. to & 
flight of 76 stepa aioending to the Maaaden-TerTmit (PI. D, 2), 
which sITorde an extenaive view of the town and enTirons. Below the 
terrace Is the wlne-magaline of Kupferberg & Co., with a honae in- 
dicated by a tablet as that ocoapied by Biamaick from Aug. 2nd 
to Ang. 7th, 1870, at the ontbretk of the Franco-Prnaeian war. 
Bprang Dp Binoe the explosion of a powder-magazine here in 1857. 

On an eminence in the neighbonrhood risei the handsome eirly- 
Gothio •Chnroh of Bt. Stephen (PI. C, 2), erected in 1257-1328 on 
the highest site in the town (98 ft. above the level of the Rhine), 
and tastefully restored after 1857. It coneiBts of nave and aisles 
of equal height, with a choii: at each end, a peculiarity rarely seen 
in Rheaish churches. The octagonal Tower, 170 ft. high, com- 
mands a beaotifnl new (220 steps ; Tisilors ring near the Dying 
buttress to the right of the N. door of the tower). 

The IHTUIUE cont^ag altai-piece^ by Vtil aver the siie-altari to the 
Tlghl and left of the W. chair i behind the higb-altarara alate-Gotbic taber- 
nacle of leUO and four eiquieite brasi altar-colunuu of 1509. — The treaanry 
contaioa sereral intereadng Oriental and early-RomanesQue objects, tie 
dalmatic of St, WiUigie, etc. — The late-Glotblc GloUleri, dating from llSa, 
entered fiom tbe right lusle, are remarkable fOr their tidteful vaulting and 
windona; bf IbeE. wall is the tombstone of ilson Ifi^andui {d. 1048). 

The Stephan-Str. leads from the church to the 8.E. to the 
'Eisgrubweg', where the Windrnvhtenberg (PI. B, 3), an eminence 
planted with lime-trees, commands one of the finest views of the 
cathedral, between the houses. — Beyond the Alarm-Baation Is the 
entrance to the citadel. 

The Citadel (PI. A, 3 ; adm. by cards, obtainable at the office 
of the Commandant, s' ' 
the Roman castrum, d 
ner riaea the Drasui-Thurm or Eigelittin, a dark-grey, circular maai 
ofconcrele, 40 ft. in height, said by tradition to have been erected in 
the year B.C. 9 by tbe 2nd and 14th Legions in honour of DntsuB 
(p. 155), who waa kCIedby a fall from bis horse. The monument wag 
once mnch higher than at present, bnt there is no evidence that It 
ever bad an onter casing of masonry. In 1698 it wsi furnished with 
a spiral staircase in the interior. 

Soman Apitduct. MATENCE. 02. Route. 165 

The*Hena Aitl&ffB(ieaUiiri.iit; mnBic, p. 164), oipublioproni' 
easde, on a stighl eminence outside the JVeuUtor (Fl. A, 4 ; tram- 
way), on the H. aide of the town, ocoupies tlie site of the eleototal 
nhitean ot FavoriU [removed in 1793). — The Eailway BridgS, 
built in 1862, which here crosses the Rhine neii its Junotfon with 
the Main, coneiata ot (our aichea, eacb about 137 yds. in span. It 
commande an admirable view up and dowit streatu. 

The Wall-StraH* (Fl. £ , F, Q , 1) begins behind the Central 
Station, beyond (ha viaduct wbich carriea the Binger-Str. over 
the railway, and ascends past the GoruenlttimeT-TlKt, a military 
stores factory, and the Cavalry Barracki (distinguished by a gilded 
borae from the former electoral stablea) to the Mombaehtr - Thar ; 
it commands a striking viijw of Wleabaden, the Taanas, and the 
Rheingaa. The Oonaenheimer-Thor is about >/% M, from the Cen- 
tral Station, vii the ' Gonaenbeimer Uoble'. 

Bf priiceedJDe to the W. from (he Blnger-Thor (BI. E, I), alongside 
tbe HBchtshBlm railnai (p. 166), we goon reach Uie Osmetsry, which was 
once the bnrlal-gronnd nf the Koman leglaas and of (he etcllut Chrigtiin 

its beautifiil roses. — ibout Vi M. farther on, on a hill to Ihe H6h( of tlie 

an •iqnedact. of ihich 60 concrste pillar., some of them 23 ft. high, aiB 

vilhaui lMdtcigiM}U (reslaarant & pemion) on Uie Latiabtrff^ with 
view-iower, and (o (3 U.) SiUlmlieim (p. 110). A pleasanter route la offered by 
lbs ditec( wood-path rFom i(ation Leolabei^ to (30 mln.) the Lodw^hiihe. 

23. From Bin^erbracK to Krenzn&clL, Saarbrocken, 
and Hetz. 

Comp. Uaptjpp. ISS, ISS, add 176. 

137 M. E*itwAT to ffl'/i M.) Krcuxttach in ■/.'/. hr. (fares i Jl 20, BO, 
60 pf.) 1 to (88 M.) SoarftrflaKn Id B-BV" hr«. (farej tl Jl 10, 8 j|! BO, 5 j» 
TO pf.)i to ll,ti In tVs-S bra. (fares IS ^ 90, 13 ^ 90, 8 Ul W pf.). 

The line begina at BingcTbTiidt (pp.130, 139), on the left bank of 
theNaht, skirts the S.slopesof the ffunariicfc, and traverses thepretty 
valley of the Nahe , with ita vineyards and cornfields, vii Mv.nstet, 
SaTtntheim, and (3'/^ M.) Laiibenhcim. — From (5 M,) Langen- 
ionafceim (Berliner Hot) a branch -line runs to ffiTcHerp (35M., In 
aVabia.i tarea3^40, 3 J( 30, 1 ^ 20 pf.) viS fflromScfu (Post; 
Welniheimer), BlieinboOtn (Hochwald Hotel), and Simmem (VoU- 
rath; Lamm; Post). — 7 M. Bretienheim. 

9VlM. KZBDznaoh. — There are two Btationlr 1. Sadt Kriumach, 
</,«. from the town, uidli/|ll. from (heCurhaiui 2. Bad JTi-IiuncKA, on 
the E. dde of (be lalaod od which the bathe are aitnaied. Hotel-omni- 
bnaes and sabs <p. 166) await the arrival of the trains. 


on the left bank of th 

>, Biemtuck-FlUl ; H 

Born., wilH lift, B. 2-16, B. 1'/,. D. ai/i, pens, from 8 Jf; -OiAmBiraor, with 
lift, private iprine, ud p»rk, fe. aVrlO, B.IV,, D. 3, pens, irom BJIi KimsB- 

1'ltJti Qkihd-H4til dd Kobd, oppuilte tlie Eliitibetb^nelle ; Db. Bu. 
maa'i PBiTiTi BiTHs, S. 1-S, bomrd4Vi ,J. — Humeioiu lodKiDB-houies 
and psnslDiu, Deail; M vUbbiOa-, higlielt chargei trom IBth Jnne to 

ir Ibe uaM Baie-B[«cke; 

Oabi. DrlTB In the 

>l of the KMKDbeiB (p. IfiT), with gi 


■A or ay, 

to (be (ol 

LDd 1 ^ N) »f. i pec hour, Id the town 
. Jf! 10 the ThsodotsbtUe IVi und 3. 
'llowinB plseea ftod back, wilta 2 h». 


at Bramltsci 


?'■ (atartioE from tbe HoliniArl 
; tor nne [lara. IB Jl, for etch add 

member of a familr 

Put uid Teieirmph Offioa (PI. 3), ii 

KTHUinach (340 ft.), which from the 13th to the 15th cent, was 
the Baplta.1 o( the County o( Sponhelm , then belonged to the Pala- 
tinate, and Eince 1814 has been Pcassian , lies on the Nahe, about 
10 M. from the Rhine. Pop. 21,000, otwhom two-ftfths are Roman 
CatholicB. The riier separates the AUitadt and the 'Badtviertel', on 
the right bank, froiD the Ntuiladt, on the left, and above the town 
fotma the Badt-Insel, or Bath Island (p. 167). In the Altstadt are 
the chnrohei of St, ffiHiom (Prot. ; PI. 6), St. Wolfgang (B. C), 
nnd the Holy Orots (S.. C.) ; in the Cteustadt is that of St. Nicholat 
(R. C. ; PI. 7). SeTBral bridges unite the different parte of the town. 
The old stone bridge, which crosses the lower part of the island, and 
on the battreiBBs of which eeveral houses ata built, affords a piotur- 
eaque view. The Protestant Chtirch of St. Paul (PI. 5), on the 
'land, replaces an earlier edifice, destroyed in 1689. The ruins of 

c. Google 


to Mttt. EREUZNACH. 23. BovU. 167 

the Oothia clioit of the Utter, dating from 1330, were Btted up as 
an EngUth Chaptl io 1857-63 (Fi. S). Adjoining the church i9 the 
marble etatne, hy E. Cioer, of Dr. Pritger (d, 1863) ; in the Bie- 
maick-PlatzieaSloliMO/'Gitmarak, hy C. Cauer(189T)j and in the 
Eiermarkt is a monnment to ftichel Mori (p. \m\ by R. Cauet 
(1902). The Pttblie School, in the Ereuz-StciEse (Altstadt), contains 
the municipal collection of Roman and medixval antiquities (apply 
to the janitor], — To the N. of the Altstadt, beside the glass- 
norba , is the Beidtnmmitr ['Heathens' WallO the remains of a 
Roman fortiftciHan. A FrBukish palane aftetwardi stood in this 
neighbourhood. — A fine *Boman Moiaie Pavement, 32 ft. long and 
'iiy^ ft. vide, -was diacoTered iu 1893, in a very fair state of pre- 
aervatton, on the Hiiffelsheim road , on the left bank of the Nahe, 
^/^ M. from the old bridge (p. 166). It represents combats of wild 
beasts and gladiatoit (entr. by No. 26; adm. 50 pf.). 

Kreninach Is a watering-place of oonsldeiable repute , and ia 
visited by 6-TOOO patients annuaUy. The Salt Batks, vhicb are 
particularly beneficial in caaea of scrofula and culaneons diseases, 
are situated on and near the Bodtt-Iniel, oi Badewdrth. The 
principal street, flanked with hotels and lodging-houses, leads 
GroDj tbe church in a straight dlreotiau to the Caihaiu, with the 
adjacent Badehaui or Bath Honse and the large InhalatoTiuni (a, 
double 'Oradii-Hans', with a central pasaaga). In the morning 
and eieuing this Is the lendezTona ot the visitors , many of whom 
drink the waters of the Eliaabatli-QDeUe . a spring oontiining bro- 
mine and Iodine , and rising from the porphyry rock at the S. end 
of the island. In bad weather the promenadera take shelter in a 
covered walk , 130 yds. long. Concerts are giien here thrice daily 
In the season. Agate wares of Idar (p. 172) are offered for sale. 
Below the chief bridge, on the IHarUn-WoTth, is an hospital managed 
by Franciscan ntonks. 

Opposite the Gurhaus an iron bridge crosses the narrower arm 
of the Nahe and connects the island with the pleasant 'BadtvitrteV, 
consisting of baths and lodging-houses , on the right bank. The 
street in a straight direction leads to the Bad Kreutnach Siaiion 
(pp. 165, 170), Vz M. from the Gurhaus. Near this station are a large 
Deaconesses' Institute and the studio (Pi. 2) of the brothers Cautr, 
well known far their skilful treatment of subjects from the domains 
of faiiy-tale(' Sleeping Beauty', 'Cinderella', etc.), — The Ctmetery, 
on the road, to Hackenheim, contains a Qermania, in memory of the 
war of 1870-71, and other specimenB of their work. 

On the N.W. side of the town , on the left bank of the Nahe 
[ascent from the old bridge, or from the Bade-lnsel, crossing the 
iron suapenaioD-bridge near the Kaiserau ; toll 3 pf.), rises the 
Sehloiiherff or KanceiLberK (490 ft.), with the mins ot a castle of 
the Counts of Sponheim, destroyed by the French in 1689. The hill 

168 RouU S3. MCNSTER am stein. From Btngeriruek 

is laid out M privite plassare-giounds, only tbe piincipiil aieuae 
of wbich it open to tlie public. The vineyuds on its S. siopeg 
yield an excellent vine, called 'K&nsenbeigeF'. The eummit com- 
manda a flna Tiev of the valley. A lion hewn in stone, broaght here 
horn Dhaun (p. 171), comineinorates Michel Mort, a butcher of 
Kieaznach , who eaciiflced his life in the battle of Spieudllngen 
(1279) to save bis prince, Jobann Ton Sponhaim. Paths, with piotur- 
eeque views , lead hence by tbe wooded Eaardt to the Rotbeiifels 
(p. 169). 

On the Tight bank ot tbe Nahe, the Salintn-Slratie leads past the 
H6t. Oranienhaf (near which, to the right, is the snepension bridge) 
and the Victoriastift, a charity hoapital for children, to (1 M.) the 
salt-works and 'G-radirhilTiBer' (evapoiating ebeds) of Culshalle 
and Thaodoriballe (HStel TulOat. B6tet SrAeiber, both very fair, 
E. 10-i5rf(r per week; lodging-houaea ; restaurant and pens. In the 
'Curhatu TheodoriluiUe, with garden eitending b> tbe wood; plain 
rfmts. in tbe Forithaa). These baths, the property of the town of 
Ereoznach , may also be reached by a shady path along Uie Nabe. 
About I'/s M. farther on lies — 

KflnBtM Itin Stein. - HstEla (all with b>tbi). "CuisADS HouL, bj 
the Cni-Park, with dipendanee, E. ^/rSi/j, B, I"/., D. 3, board B'A Jl: 
_*llS7»i, Law, B. 2-3, B. 1, I>-2i>. board W jT, closed in winten HBtbi. 
- _ . D.W pens, ti - -■ -' 

76 Jl. Adm. to the Cur 

Munster am Stein (370 ft.; rail, slat., see p. 170), a rillage 
pleasantly situated at the foot of tbe Rheingiafensteiu and tlie Qans, 
also possesses salt-springs, and has of late years acquired import- 
ance as a watering-place (4500 patients annually). The waters of 
the principal aalt-spring ^7*^ are conducted directly to the baths, 
which are well fitted op. The wall-shaded Cui-Oarten it connected 
with the springs by a covered way. Munster am Stein is on tbe 
whole lass expensive than Kreuznach, 

The * Sheincraf Biuteiii (770 ft.), a picturesque elUT of por- 
phyry , here rises 425 ft. almost perpendicularly from the Nahe. 
We cross the river by the ferry near the saline springs, and ascend 
tbe Hutttn-Thal by a good path which leads to the ruin in </j br. 
(the highest point is reached by a flight of stone steps ascending 
through tbe rocks). The boldly situated ruined castle, built in tbe 
11 tb cent., once the residence of tbe 'Rheingrafen' (Rhenish counts), 
was blown up by the French In 1689. 


Stbim, a beauUfnl walk ot 2'/,.2'/x hi 

ite hardly to 

en. Abo 

lifi SuUrg V 

li/i M. to 

path dlrergi 

risht ftn 

TOod, and joining the 


c. Google 

c. Google 

bejond tbe (i/j br.) RAiingrafnulKiMr Bo/ (restauraul). Abonl 6 min. 

to Ihe lop of thf •0«n. (iOeOft.), an iodeuted nfige of porphjT, eom- 
iDUidiiig mn eitcnsive ilew, embricing ths Nabe-Thol u f » u BiDgen and 

ougli tbe Biitteii-Tb»] (p. isS; V< brO- 

part of tbn BlioiBgi 

to the Nshe 't_._.„_ _. . ,. _._,, _. „ . 

Ibe left of the BhetngnfeaitainsT Hof we r«cb (3& mio.) tbe BeMftr- 
placitn, wbere the boDDduiea of PnuBia, BaTsclB, und Hesse meet. Tbeoce 
to tbe right to ibe AlteDbsumbnrg (gee balow), Vi br. 

Opp«site the RheingisfenBtein , to the W. , abont t/a hi. (torn 
the MQaatei am Stein station (can. 2^^ ^, there and back 4 Jl'), 
rises the *Ebeiiibuig, once the stronghold of Franz von Sickingen 
(1481-1523], and at that time often an asylum for oatlairs and 
fugitives, (bremoet among vbom lanki Uliich von Batten, the 
reformer, who lesided here in 1520-22. We cross the hiidge (Kill 
3 pf .) and ascend to the right, passing several tune (near the statioa 
of Mtn^xirg, p. 170). Tbe csatle was fortiBed by tbe French in 
168S, hut was again dismantled at the Peace of Ryswych (1698). 
Ont of the rulna rises a quaint, pinnacled building, fitted up as 
an /nn. Below the castle Is a Jlfonummt to Sieldngen and Hutten, by 
C. Cauer, erected in 1869. Fine prospect of the grand eniiioaa. 

The view from the B«thenfelB (970 ft.}, a barren red porphyry 
cliff 3 H. from Ereuznach, and I'/j M, from Mflnstei am Stein, 
surpasses that from thcGans, as it extends farther up thevalley of tbe 
Nahe and embraces the Alsenz-Thal as far as the ruin at Lisndtierg . 

A cbanoine eicaiiion (rnm Hunstei am Stein may be made either 
viil tbe RheinerafenateineF Hof and the SchafeiplHcken (Bee above), or 

already mentioned), and Anally thrtmgb be&ntjfnl woods, to the (H/. br.) 

French in t^ Ibe ancestral'sest of tie ancient 'Rangrafen-, and formerly 

tomtwv (P- I'TO) »nd' then on fool to (25 min.) the Allen bauinb org 
Ccomp. the Hap, p. 168). — Tbe ruins of tbe cbltean of JfonJ/orl (destroyed 
in the 15th cent.) may be reached from UuDstei, by the vUlagea of Ebtn- 
buTfi and Binttrl, in 2 b«, (refreshmenta at the Mim^fortir Eof). — The 
■L(d1>(t( (1S{2 ft.), which risen precipitoasly from the Nabe, Dear BlngeH 
Cl»/i br. ftom '-■ ' ' "--•- ■ ■ 

tbe lop, open in summer three days weekly. The i 
by Ihe (20 min.) briif- --"'---'- -- •■' ■ ■ 

.) briiUa ol Oberhiuse 
.J. ITO). — The Lembe^ may be aiceoded from stat, NitdtrlumtB 
(v. ITO), with a glide, In I'/i br. 

FeOM KBBDSH.CB TO ■WtLLHi.BB^^, &'/, M., steBm-lramwiy in Vj hi 
— Abont iVi H. beyond Wallbaueen is Daarrg, ollh Ihe ruins of lb 
■Bcestrtl seat of the family of that name. Farther on are (3 ».) WeUieafBl 
(view) and .ir^tmcAursnjr, with a rafned caaHe. 

17U BcuU 23. ALSENZ. From BinatTbr&ek 

of Oberstein are the moM plctuiegqae portlong of the liae. Leaving; 
the principal atition at Kienznach, the train crosaeg the Nahe, atopa 
it the Bad-Kreuinach station (p. 166), and skirts the hase of the 
6am Cp. 169). To the left, where tbe train neit croaaea the Nahe, 
rise the tvo cnriona pinnacles of the Rheingrafenstein [p. 168). 

IS'/a M. Kflwrter un Stein (370 ft. ; Sail. Settavrant , very 
fair), see p. 168. 

ca. 2 hri. (farH i Jl «0, S Jl 30. 3 Jt lOpf.). — The lliie'cr<i]!aea the ^ahi, 
which here fomu Ihs boundarj between PrnaBia ana Bayaria, and beyond 
(Vt U.) Bbmlmra (p. 169), ascendj the TaUsr of the AUeni. — 2'/, K. 
AlUnbamberg lies at the foot of the Attenbaumburg (p. 169). — 3Vi H. 

T H. Alaani (Pfit), a >i]lBgs with sanastoae qaarries. From Alneni to 
(4Vii M.) Oaatr4laceiler, ailigeDcs tbrice a day; then on tool tbrnngh tbe 
valley of Ibe Apeil to Jbm and viJ Woniheim to Flmheim (comp. p. 28B). 
— On the hill to th« licht of OVi H.) Hamaeaer !■ the min of Raniledt. 
10 H. BatirfiUf-CSBin 12 U. BUltirchm. 

14 H, SHkanhaUHn (Dialtchei Sata). a eonsideTable illlage, the best 
Btarting-point for the agcent of the DoDnenberg (see p. SS6). — IB'/i M. 

with the ruin of FalttniUia. — 22 M. Lanii«i"!-ilanclHetilir, junction for 
Ibe line from Alley (see p. 286). — 2V/, X. yeuhemiOaeti-Stmbach. From 
(27 U.) Enit^iacli lbs dlreel line to (331/1 M.) KaltirilauUnt (p. ?36) 
iHvergeB to the right vii (3IVi M.) EuUferilx. — The main line continnea 
to (31 U.) .HocAipeytr, where It Joint the 'Pfalilache LudwigBbabn' (p. 293). 
— 37i/i M. KaiitriiavUm, tee p. 393. 

Beyond a cutting the Eiembur^ (ji. 169) appears on the left. 
The train next runs between the Nahe and the base of the preci- 
pitous Ro^nfels (p. 169). and passes through two tunnels. From 
(16 M/) fUederhausen the Lemltrg may be ascended tn I1/4 hr. 
(p. 169). On the right rises an abrupt rock, crowned with the ruins 
of BoelteUieim, destroyed by the French in 1688, in which the Emp. 
Henry IV. was kept prisoner by his son Henry V. in 1105. — 19'/a M. 
Wald-Bockelheim lies in a aide-Tailey, 2 M. to the N. of the station 
(diligence thrice daily). The aboTe-mentioned ruins are 1 M. from 
the station, and Bucg-Sponbeim (p. i69) is about IV2 M. from the 

Emerging from the neit tunnel, we obsece on the left, beyond 
the Nahe [20 min. to the E. of Staudernheim), the ruins of Diii- 
bodenberg, a Benedictine (subsequently Cistercian) abbey named 
after the Irish bishop Dlsibodus (d. abont 700), the first propagator 
of Christianity in this district, whicii was annexed during the Ke- 
formation by the Dukes ofZweibriicken and is now piiTate property. 
Little is left of tba buildings beyond the loundations. The abbey- 
church, consecrated in 1143, was an imposing edlQce with pillars ; 
the laalting of the choir, which was composed of nave and aisles, 
was borne by imbedded columns. The secular portions of the 
monastery are in the Gothic style of the 13th century. Adjoin- 
ing tbs church were the cloisters, and to the right of them the 

10 Af«l>. SOBERNHEIH. S3. Route. 171 

cbtpter-hoaae. Ftrthei to tbe W. iru the reeldence of the abbot, 
with afiew otsi the Tftlle; of the Nahe, and to the E. was the re- 
fectory, ot which the gable-vslla are itili itanding. The cnstodian 
sbowi a number of Gothic fragments (chiefly keystones^ from the 
old building, which aie collected to » Tanlt. The pleasure-grotinds 
around the mins afford a good Enivey of the valleye of the Nahe 
and itB afflaent the Qlan (rfmtg. on Snn.). 

221/2 H. StsndeiBh«im (460 ft.; SahMn, good and moderate] 
lies to the left, on the right bank of the Nahe, connected with the 
station by the flTe-arched 'Landgrafen-BHleke'. 

Fboh Btahduhheih to MuBtHusiH, T M., riilwai io 36 min. (fare) 
eo, 10 nf.). The Une ucesda tbe pie sut valley of Ihe Olan. — Xslun- 
helm (Trailer So/: Eng'i), » Pnisaisn dlstricl-lown (1300 inhsb.J, prettily 
(ituited on thB Olm. The old •flrfJoijKreA*, « gem of lite-Gothic archltec- 
tare, wu bailt in 1479 uid rutorad in 1876^. Tbe tower dates bom 

JB77-lM>i. The vaalled burial-chanel " " 

tweatine tomba of DuUe Charles 1. of 
of the ^reaent royal house ofBavuia^ & 
bis *ri^ and daughter. — From HeSaanl 

24 H. SobernliAim (500 ft. ; Poal; Aditr) ta a emaU (own of 
some antiquity, partly enclosed by a wall. Pop. 3300. It poseeSBes 
1 late-Qothic chuToh, an old MalUse Chapel adjoined b]r a former 
lodge of the order (now a school), and several plctaiesqne old hoasoB. 

27 M. fiataingen (Dick's Hotel, fair] lies to the right, on the 
vine- clad slopeB. 

From Honiineen a road leadt ihTOngb tbe BoxOtal to Ihe pleaaaol 
health-reaort of WaidfHedt (13S0 ft. ; pens. 4-& Jt), whenca Tarloni eicai~ 
aiou» may be made. 

29t/a M. MarlinsUin (Selpel), curiously built on a rock, with 
its church on an eminence aurronnded by a fine group of treee. 
Tbe station It '/i'^' from the village. Beyond It, in a valley opening 
on the right, are situated the ruins of Schlosa Dhaun. The KtUtr- 
baeft traverses an Imposing rocky gorge. 

■BoUcni Dbaan , ths seat ot a branch of the Rheingraten which be- 
cams eiUnct in tlEO, wu erected In the ISth cent. , and grealh eitend- 
ed In 1739. This alriUngly - pictureaqae castle ia situated 6 M. from 
Monilngeu, 31/. M. from Martinalein, and 3Vj«. from Kirn (see below, 
carrfaea 7'/. JT). A relief over one ot the doors, representing nn »pe 

Magttiflcent Yiew of lie valley of tbeKahe m' far m the Lemberg, of the 
Simmer^Thil, and of Ihe dark raviuea of the Soonwald. Admission, includlDg 
fee 10 allendml, aOpf. Bear the enlranee Is an inn (pens. 4 6 J^. 

On an eminence to the right stands the church of Jahanniiberg, 
which containa ancient tombstones of the Rhelngrafen, The train 
next passes through a tunnel and reaches — 

33 M.KiTn(B95(t;SI«>fi, at the Button, very fair, R.4B. 2-3 Jf), 
a thriving little town (OlODlnhab.), with manufactures of cloth and 
leather. In the iSth century it was the residence of the Princes of 
Salm-Eyrbntg, the last of whom was guillotined at Faria In 1794. 
Tbe old Romanesque ohnreh, lately restored, with a Gothic choir of 
the 15tb cent., contains a fine tabernacle and several tombs of the 

172 Botite 23. BIBKEMFELD. From BmaerbrSck 

Eheiogrsfen. Above the town, 1 M. from the sUtlon, ie (he tutu 
of Kyrbitrg (leataTiniit), Bunonnded with vlnoyaids. 

The v&lley now expands, but tha line again enteia a mountain- 
ous district at (35 M.) Kim-Sulibach, wbeie tbe cllfTs become moie 
abrupt. The most interesting pait of the line in point of conitme- 
tton 1b between Kim and Biikenfeld, whece there ue no fewer than 
twenty biidges orer tbe Nahe and ten tunnels, while the whole of 
the remaining part of the line hu Ave bridges and five tunnels 
only. New (38 M.) Fiachbaeh (Post) the train croaaea to the rtfht 
bank. — 39 M. NahbotUnbach. Then follow two bridges, with a 
tunnel between them. To the right • •View of the 'Fallen BocV 
is obtained, and then of Oberatein, eltuated most picCuieequely on 
both banks of the Mahe. 

421/j M. Obetiteln (870 ft. ; 'Beitaurant at the station, with pa- 
illion and view ; Pent, Btark, in the town, near the new bridge, both 
»ery fair, B. i'h-'i, B.^/t, D. V'UJI; agates gold at many shops), a 
town with 8300 inhab., le one of tbe finest poinu on the Nabe. The 
precipitous cliffa, 400 ft. in height, which confine the town within 
narrow limits, are crowned with two ruined castles of the Batons of 
Oberatetn, who became extinct in 1670. The beat way to tbe castles 
(there and back ll/j l>r.) ia the 'Burgweg', ascending to the right 
beyond the 'Post'. By th!s route we first reach the Neut ScUow 
(restaurant^ Hotel Bach, Ugher up), which has only of late 
fallen to decay, and then, beyond a hollow containing a War Hono' 
ment (1870-71], the *Alte Burg, sttoated almost perpendicularly 
above the town. About 5 m]n. higher is a pavilion commanding a 
very eitenelve 'View. We may now retain by the ProteifanI 
ChuTth, curiously built into the face of the rock about halfway dowa 
(200 ft. above theNahe), and said to have been erected in the 12th 
cent, by a member of the ObeTstein family with hii own hands, as 
an atonement for batTicide ; it was restored in 1483. The sexton 
lives close by. The Gothic Soman Catholic Church, built of grey 
'melaphyre', lies on tbe right bank of the Nabe. 

„.._ „. ,_ __ _,_.._._ . ,_ ., ,._ ._ ,.„ (j^,, 

of whom 

!i back to 


_, dl>7wbL „_.._ 

«re converted into onyiea, jardonjias, elo., by Iho adflltlon of colunring 

waret are lOld at OfUclalli-reeulated pric^l. 

43'/i M. Entweilai 46 M. Sonnenberg ; 47 M. KronKtiUr; 
48V2M. ffoJim.-SO'/iM. flrimftacA; 52 M. Hoppitatten. —Vmm 
(53'/: H-) Birkenfeld-Neubruelet a branch-line diverges to (3 M.) 
Birkeufeld(1315ft.; EmmertchaiTPoH; Warth, R.&B. from 21/4^ 
thecapital(2200inhab,}oftlieprinclpallty of Birkenfeld, now belong- 
ing to the Duchy of Oldenburg, with a mined castle (11th cent.) of 
tha Counts of Sponholm. — On the road to Bemcastel, beyond 

From Ober 

3 in 1/ 


SehOltiahof, ver 


e Bad polish 




ITS occupied in 


the Iflih centnry 


ea were fo™ 


here In 



^1, by ston 



c. Google 

c. Google 

(0 Melt. SAAKBRCCEEM. 23. Routt. 173 

(SVa ^0 >^e >°>^< Sambath Bauerbnmnen (batbB), tiea [7 H.) 
Hattsgtweam{2SQ0St; Gettuninn, K. A B. 2, D. I'/z. pene. 4^), 
the Mgbeet inhabited gpot in the prcnince of the Rhine, sniroanded 
irlth wood, uid Tlsited. ai > snmmer-iesoit. 

56 M. liohfeldea, with an old teop. — dT'/j U. TurkUmUhU, the 
junction at % bMneh-Iiue to (14 M.) HtrmaAta (p. 202], tU (7M.) 
Otxenkauttn and (9 M.] flonnvitiler (to N'onnkicchen, see below). 

1 H., iB tbe liirtetit acd besl-pregerve " 
the Bhiselud, II oongiaU of looa« I 
(fiO ft.) OB the N. tifle. 

The line now attsinsthe culminating point (1270 ft.^between the 
Nahe and Biles at (59 H.) WolUouacn, and (hen deseeads rapidly 
lit. Nunitom and Hofeld to — 

66 M. Bt. Wsndel (970 ft.; KnoU), a district-towii of 5500 
inhab., with a tine old Gothic church and pulpit ot 1462. 

Aboot Vk M. to tho W. (dUigence daUy in IV> hr.) is tha .maU town 
of Theley, fonnerlj the IMt of a Benedictine abbsj, the early-Gothie 
cbarch or whidi ItlU eiiiti, St the root at the BtXaaktrra (18% fl), a lol- 

been roond In the eo^roni. 

69 m. NUderlinxMitileriUyi. OltoeiiCT (860 ft-iHfitel Haaaa), 
with 6100 inhabiUntB. The train now paaaes through the WithtU- 
kirchen Tunnel, 400 yds. In length, and reaches the Important coal- 
mining dietrict of the Saar. Abont 11,000,000 tons of coal ate 
•nnnallf produced In this region, flve-eiiths of which are raiged 
frota minee belonging to the Prussian goiemment. 

75Vi H. HatrnkiTaheii (645 ft ; Au, near the bridge ; PaH, neat 
the station), a town with 2S,00O Inhab., te the Junction of the 
Mannheim line (R. 37]. Large iion-woiks (GOOO workmen), in 
^nt of which rises a statue of tbe late proprietor .tVcih<rrDOfiSlunim 
(d. 1901), by Scbaper (1902). 
passing fi<A<^<'l<r, <iutriehttii, CanqiAaiiKo, and SchltifmaKi. 

Beyond (77>/2 M.) Reden (926 ft) is the Bildtioek Tunnel (517 
yds.). — Prom (81 M.) Friedrielutbal (970 ft) an electric tramway 
runs to Saatbiiloken. — 83M. fiuMoci,-86V4M.Oudweiier(760ft). 

88 M. St. Johann-SaarbTaoken. — Botali (lifts, electric light, and 
hot-alrheatlngiDlbcUrgerbDuaei). 'SnEiHiscHBRHoF.Bahnhaf-StF., 'hU. 

tromSVl, B. 1, D.S Jl; Tebbiscs, oppoailelhe alalion, E. a-3V», B. •/. J 
... ...___ . .,. .. ^ ■ ,m IjISOnf., B. BO pf, D. ajT 

1 gpokrn of. — Id aaarbricieB 

with reatanranti Koan, Tery fair, R. from 1 

Zlearic Tranueaii from St.Sotaann to Bnrbach uid Lonitanibal (p. 180)1 
to BrBbHH (p. 31GJ; to Friedrielialhal (see shO'e)^ and over (he new Kaiser- 
Wllhelm-Bracke lo Ssarbrlicken and St. Amnal (p. ITl). 

St. Johann (21,000 inhab.) and Saarbriichen (24,000 inhab.) are 
two siBter-towns on the right and left batik of the Saar, united with 
each other by three bridges. 

174 BotiU S3. HBTZ. From BingtrbrSck 

St, JohuiD, with the laitvsy-st&tion, is entiiely noderD, dating 
Its impoTtance trom the constractioo of the i&ilnsf , wbieh does Dot 
toDch Suibiilckeu. Fiom the Btation the Beichi-Str. and Vloloria- 
Sti. lead to the Ntui Bmckt [new bridge}, helow which ia the in- 
teresting coU-haiboui (comp. p. ITS), 

Dawu to 1T93 Saaibiucken was the lesidence of the Frlncea of 
Moasau- Saarb rucks Q , wbose Schloa, burned down liy the French 
revolutionary anoy in that year, ie now private property. The 
ScMotsiciTCltc contains montimenta of the princes. Id the SchloBS- 
Plati IB a Statue of BUmarck, by Doimdorf, nnTBiled in 1899. The 
ball of the Rathhaut at Saaibr^cken U decorated witb frescoes by 
Werner, commemorating the e?enis of 19th Jaly to 9th Aug., 1870 
(see below). — A narrow road leads from the Schloss-Plati to the 
TrOXer, an eminence with gardena, commaadlng a fine view, — The 
Ladmigt- Kircht dates from 1762-75. 

Kailvay to Treves, see R. 24; to Saargemilnd, Hagenaa, and 
Straaabnrg, see R. 41 ; to St. Ingbert and ZwelbrScken, see p. 300, 

On ths heigbta ofSptettm, aboDt S M. to the 8. or Siarbriicken, on 
6lh Aug., ISTO, a itaarp engagement look place between the Pruuiana and 

d,pu3iiiE thed'AS 

tlml, tbe 

■tSplcbereD, a 



Ba-3 Uettl, with 


rer Beri 


i 111 

<« began 


Om th 



i -btre tu 

•ide of 

6| in 


with re- 


Ibsrg, with Ibe 

modtrn chateau 

the WiDterherg is a •CTibtcTi (1270-13161 

ofNiassi-Saarbrucken. Oppqiite i 
of Frelherr von Stumm (p. i73|. 

The Bailwat TO Mbt2 crosses thefioar, traverBeBthe battlefield 
of 6th Aug., 1870, and passes (5 M.) Stieringm and the Uttte town of 
[6 M.) FoTbach (Karsch, R, & B. ^Va- D. Incl. wine 2'/* -«). "ith 
7000 Inhabitants. To the left, in the distance, rites tbe htU at 
Spiehtren.(jiet above). The country beyond Forbaeh Is nadolating. 
9M. Kocttem. At (11V(M.) Bcningen diverge branch-lines to Soar- 
ganiiad (p. 315} and to Ttttrchen (aee below) and Diedenhofat 
(p. 190). Heit (I33/4 M.} OberhimbuTg on the Bositl, (18 M.) 
St. Avoid, (23 M,) Tetlngtn, (25 M.) Falkmberg, (^iS 'a.) Mal- 
ui«il(!T, (31 i/j M,} riiriinffCTi, (35 Vs M.} fiemiHi/, and (41 '/a M.) Cour- 
eetles, all frequently mentioned in the annals of the Franco-PruasiaD 
war, (Branch-line from Conrcellea to Teterchm and Boui, 32 U., 
seep. 190,} ibM. Pellre. On the right, before the station of Mete 
is entered, rises Fort Qoeben (formerly Fort Queuleu). 

49 M. Xetl. — Hotel!. "OaiNn-HaTaL [rormerly Hit. di rgarofi; 

1- a, G 1), Priegter-Str. 4, R. 2Vp5, iij. 3</i, D. SJI: ■Oeabd-HStil : 
— ™. . ,. ., r W, dej.^ D.3, S.2Jf.-H8tEt,ii-- - 

Z, i), oppoiite, K. a 


c. Google 

to Helt. HETZ. 53. Routt. 175 

natt CPl- di C, I), Eom-Bti. t, aen ths catbedrsl, commeidil i HSaiL 
DE PiuB (PI. c ; C, 4}, Kuimer-Plati ; HAt. di LDiEKBODBa, KSmer-Str. K> i 

IDE Post, PTicgtBr-au!'3«. S. from IVi Jl, B. 80 ft., V. 2 Jt; Rbiikibcbib 
Ho», E»plMi»deii-Str., witii ra«l«ni»nt. 

SeBtBuiuta. Moioier, K&psUen-StT. 4, ndjoining the Romer-Str., Ant- 
clua; KolKT-PiBrahm , see beloir. — Wini. Eiljta, Tiieh-3tr.; SJuintKlie 
ir**iM(ti6e, aoldkopf-8tr»Me. — Bibb. OtimoBto, Mmer-AUee (PI. B, B); 
i»V«r6ran, Kiiaei-WiltiBlm-Plib, with girdeni Wnwriir*!, Stoinweg 
(PI- B, i)i bofbrau, BMik-Str. |P1, B, 4)i rraniiitaiur, Kammer-PUW, 

UbUi. Ails«--i^ii'illni, on llie Bspl&DSde (PI. B, 5), with "View of Ihs 
llio valley of Moselle, the heights of Or».«lott*, and Fort Friodrtcli Kwl; 
Gafi Tore, BsplSBsden-Str. ; Ca/4 Cealral, P»rade-Plil». 

£leetno Tramviyi from the Cstbediftl to JtinUisnti to Zonen^llt mi 
ifnuHnj.- to Deinml-la-fmU: and to oUier points. 

Oabi. ranmuW Coil. For 1-3 pen. per 1000 mi^et DO pf., Hob iddit. 
fiOO mibta 10 pf.; S4 pen. per iSO mittea 50 pf., euh Addit. 3TG mitni 
lOpfi stDleht. l4 pert, per fiOO metres GOpf., eub addll. aSOm^lrea 10 pT. 
Eacb bui % pf. — Ordiaart CiOi. Vet drive within the town. 1-3 perl. 
60 pf., lo or (Fom the rail, italioni 1 Jl, eaeli par*. >ddltlonil 20 pf.L per 
Vi hr. for i-i pen. 1 Jl, >/• >". IJf 10, 1 hr. 1 Jl 60, each pern, addlt 90, 
30, 40 pf. — bairlsiea to the batUeaelds, IS, IB. SO. or 24 Jl, with fee, 
■scnTdiDr In the eilent of the drive. Csirieges should be bind tt the 
I Inleedj to cross the French frontier. 
- Telagraih Offloe, Espluaden-Struse. 

nii-s aaij M>.i>vuii^iuiit> of tliB ballleBelds are sold at the bookshops: 
Dmuclu BaelJumditmf, Palast-Straaaei S.y^rfM, Kanuner-PlatzaO; O. Jfttffcr, 
Eduer-Btr. 9. Qennu scholars will find LUImth'i 'Taktlicbe WaDderuns 
Uber dIeSohlaebtfelder' (1^ BOpf.) of intereiat. 

Metj, the fortified capital of German Loiraine aod the head- 
quuteis of the 16th sTmy'Corps, with 58,500 inhab., more than ■ 
half of whom are Genusna, and a garrison of 23,000 men, Ilea in a 
wide basin od the Uoielie, nbich, at the lowei end ot the town, 
iB joined by the StStU on the right. It was the Divodurum of the 
Romans, the chief town of the Gallic tribe of the Mtdiomatrki. It 
was the seat of a biibop in the 4tb cent. ; became afterwards the 
capital of the kingdam of AuatcaBia; and in 870 passed into the 
poBEesBlon of Germany. Subsequently Melz was a free city of the 
German Empire, ontll it was taken by the French in 15&2| and 
BDoeessfully maintained by them against Charles V. By the Peace 
of 1556 It vBs ceded to the French, together with loul and Vetdun, 
and in 1871 It was again Incorporated with the Empire of Germany. 

The *EsPLAKADS (PI. B, 5), which extends towards the S.W. 
of the town, is laid out In pleasant walks. On the S.E. aide 
stands a Statue of Marshal Sey (176^-1815), by Petre (1855), In 
the middle of the Esplanade is an £^ue«trian 5{a(u« o/f^np. WfUlom /., 
by Ferd. Ton Miller. Farther on, to the right, is a fountain with a 
^nre modelled by Ktrc, and a bronze steed and other animals by 
Fratin. The W. part of the Esplanade affords a line view of the 
Tslley and the heights of St. Quentin. — The Bonfllers Garden, 
to the N., belonged to the residence of the French governor (1668), 
now the Palare of Juitlet (PI. B, 4). In it rises a Statue of Prince 
Frtderi^ Charlet, who took Metz in 1870, by Ferd. Ton Hilier 
(1898). — In the Old Citadel (PI. B, 3) a church of the Templars 

176 BouUU. METZ. 

(12tb cent.?) hu recently been laid bue, to the W. of the anen&l. 
In the same nelgliboiiiliood stands the ancient and now dlsoaed 
GhoTch of 8t Petei. 

The FTUtttr-8tTa$$e and Romer-Stratat, Tanning to the N, fiom 
the Esplanade and the Eaibbb-Wilhbi.>i-Futz (Ft. B, 5), iie the 
chief seata of busioeas. The Fabert-Strasae, continuing the Pdeater- 
Stiaase, ends at the PAB4DB-Pi.iTi (PI. C, 4), between the csthedral 
and the Stadthaui (ITTl). The aqnue ia adorned nith a Statue of 
Marihal Fabtrt (1659-1662), a native of Metz, who distingniabed 
hlmaelf in the campaigns of Lonia SIV. 

The *CATaBDBAi. (PI. C, 4), the finest edifice In the town. Is 
a magnificent Oothic stniotnie, begun nndei the influence of the 
Rhelms school ofarcliiteGtQrelutheaecondhalf of the 13th century. 
The lofty naia nas completed before 1392, the choir dates from the 
15th and 16th cent, and waa consecrated iit 1546. A. thoronghgoing 
restoration, under the anperintendence of Tornovi, has been in 
hand since 1875, and both the main portal and the Porte de 
Notre Dame (Parade-Platz) haie been rebuilt The Bne lUined- 
glaas windows in the S. aisle date from the 13th cent.; those in 
the nave are of the 14th and 15th aoDt. ; those in the transept and 
the choir are of the 15th and early 16th cent ; and eeTeral others 
are modern. In the S, aisle ia an old Roman bath used as a font. 
The tower Is 387 ft. high (110 steps to the flrst gallery, 105 more 
to the huge bell called the Muttt, and 78 thence to the highest 

On the Moselle island to the N.W. of the catbedral are the Pro- 
vincial Officet (PI. C, 3), fonnerly the French prefeotnre (lOth cent), 
and the Theatre (18th cent). Fine view of the cathadtaL A Proteatant 
church has been bnilt at the S. extremity of the liland. — On the 
oppoette bank of the river rise the Chttrch ofSt. Vincent (PI. B, C, 3), 
a One Gothic structure begun in the 13th cent., with traces of the 
Romanesque atyle, bnt disfigured externally with an nnsnltable 
modern facade, and the Prot. Militan, CSuaeh (PI. B, 3), in the 
Oothic style, with a tower 318 ft In height. 

The Library (PI. G, 2), in the Bibliotbek-Slrasse, contains 
many valuable works on the bistory of Lorraine and the town Itself. 
The Muteum, in the same building, is open on Snn. 10-4 and on 
Wed. 1-4, gratis ; on other days 10-4, fee. It contains Roman mon- 
nments and other antiquities found near Meu, a few mediseval 
objects, a collection of coins, and an unimportant picture- gallery. 

In the Oeieberg'Strasse, adjoining the Library, is the Aullnuion 
Falaee, erected on the site and partly with the materials of a Roman 
palace in 1599. It has recently been rebuilt and now serves as ■ 
commissariat -store. — The early-German Church of 8t, Segoiene 
(PI. D, 8) has also been recently rebnllt. 

The bridge between the Qoldschmied-Strasse and the Dentsehe- 
Strasse (PI, 0, D, 4) affords a view of the lofty tanneries charader- 

l;. GOO(^l(J 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

GRATELOTTE. S3. Route. 177 

istio of Metz. — The ChurthofSt. EucAarftis(Pl.D, 4"), with » plain 
iiiterioi, near the OeuUche Tkor (1448; lestoied in 1892), dates from 
the 12th ceatury. 

To the N, of the Uiwa is the CliambiiTt Cemetery (adjoining PI. D, 2), 
irith a loft; Memorial to the French soldiers who died at Metz in 1870. 

Metz is the junction of the SsarbrQckeD Railiray ^[th the lines to 
Pagnytai WanejF(p. 179), to Diedtnho fen (;p. i20) ^ai Luxembourg 
(p. 189j, and to AmanweiieT and Verdun. [To Amanweilei, 9'/^ ^-i 
in a/j-1 ht., passing Mbulini (electric tramway, see p. 176), situatad 
at the entiance of the lalley of Monvaux, which the train aaceDdg, 
and Otdlet-St-Oermain ; the station of AmanireileT (restauianC) is 
IV4M. from St. Privat.] 

The Battla K*U> of Itth ud ISth AuKUt, ISTO, lie to ths W. of 
Metz, on tbe ro>d to Verdun. A vliit to them occupies ■ whale da;, 
eren hy carriage <»b p. 17G). It ii adTliable to tend on the carriage in 
advance and lu join 11 at SetianI |p. VS} by an early train, and to reWm 

ai. Buhiri »nd back [on foot) 3 M.'; from Graveloile to TerntoUli s'm. ; 
«». Jfarit-auj-CWBMa M.i 81. Pri'>al'i1i.% Amatatelltr I'/i M. Cjelials 
may adopl the folJowiog rouW: from Me Is to Longecaii, SJI.-, la JiTnuKni, 
I'/i H ' MoUm Jfaiui , m.; CHalel SI. Oermain end Jmamietia- , ex.; 
SI. Frivol. I'lt yl. i then by tbe Runcourt road Id tbe (V: U.) Saion tfoniimant 

( Vmti<!tlli,B'/,lS.i OraniloUi BM. TbM to »«omiK< iS'/iM, 

. ,._ ,. -.^..,..> Lei ifbufuij 

back to flraveliiite; Tlait 
MSViM.) /-- ■'-■■-- ■- - 

id burUl-gronude. - 

ceremony la held yearly on Aue. ISth in Ibe 1 
p-ayei ara decked with Bowera. 

Those who dealre to vlait the Bottle Field of the Ulh Aufit only ahonld 
proceed by railway tn An (p. 179); walk tbence to (l</i brO Graiihtit: 

. vKh andvli Batcmilh and SI. Ail to (i'l, hr.) 3lt. Marit-oux-Cliina, follow tbe 
rtiule of the advrn^ine enards to (>/i hr.) SI. n-i^al and thence to (Vi hr.) 
AtnaojaUla- Iff) mln. direct from Vetn^ville), whence the relnra 10 l^ets Is 
made by rail hi;. 

OiKTelotte lOieval if Or, Foil, bolb very fail), formed tbe centre nf the 
right wing of the Oerman poaltiun, cunalidng of tbe Ttb and Sih PnuilaD 
Cotpi (commanded by Zaatrott andQceben ander Steinmeti), which towardi 
erenlng were snpportEd by the Snd Corps (under Fpansecky). At the E. 
end of the Tillage ia a large soldiers' ccmeteiy, to which moat of Ihe graves 
■cattered ner tbe plain have been removed. 

Tbe road deaccnda Into Ibe wooded raTlne of Qraielode, through 
which the Stb PrnsBfan cmpa bed to deHle. Kumeroua regimental mon- 
nmenla besr witness to ih>i terrible log^o of the aU^cklog party. Tbe ion 
of Bl. Bulurl »aa captured by tbs Germans In Ibe course of the afternoon. 
The heigbt of PDial du Jour, now crowned by a fort and Inaccessible, waa 
the chief 'point d'appni' of the left wing of the French army (composed 

b extcnde 

ddle of d 

but reti 


e right (U.) 1 

i ^ Insc 



battle, it 



'a Rhine. 

IBth Kdlt. 

178 liouUSa. B1AK»-IJl-1"0UB. BatUefitUU 

JAufSH. Le^alt;, ManlSent-lB-arantt, ale., on Ui< bppoaita heighta, Ilia 
occapied b^ Ui* Fnneti. Jlalmaium, tbe next bnn on thii rMd, wu o< 
eupied bj lh« 9tti FniuUn Corpi d'Anii«it (onder MiinBtciii}, tbt linca d 

VuBSTilla. Tu lbs W. of tbe vilUge {r«uhed by the road dicergisg t 

e ri§til u 

to fit. PiinL — Th« eieht Qenun Coipg i'Anait cniiced in tUa b*ttle 
B<uub<n4 Kboot 230,000 men, oppo«d to wbon were 160,000 French. The 
Geiniau loat BM offleen ud U^MO men ; the Fnub BOO otBcen ud 
11,706 mm. 

Tbe BttUe Field of tbe If U A-Kfut ■4joiiu ttulsboie deKribed, and majr 
ba conireBienUr liiiud by uking the min to Ifavtimii (p. 1T9) ud Ibe 

rii tlivignj t^ (11/, hr.) Vionville (Ud tbuce to p/i br.| EMOBvUle ud 
b»:k 1" {l>/4 br.) Gone. — Mm-U-Tuur i> bol Ti»il*d tium P««bi Cp- IW). 
Tbe object of tbe Oersiu UUck wu to preTent tba Freneli ralreUuif 
toward* the W. — The posilion of tbe French wu prindpUlj inpported od 
Uie left fa; Ibe Tillije of KaonTills, lituiled gd the leftCS.) bnncb of the 

uiEfal of lS-19lb Anc! InltieUit'honutotheW.(leblet). (A Uttle to the S. 

U thu ipaLigood liew hence.) AboolSX. fulhermi UeiVloiii^, which 
wu occnpied soon »flcr the beginning of the battle b; deUchmentl of 
the 3rd Corpi d'Armie (BrandcnfanreeiB). Faither ulTapce uu,boweier, 
inpouible in the face of the great nomericii jtiperioritj of Jhe Frencb 
e progress of the French, a deaperale attack waa 

K«ne of this gallant episode. After Q p.m. repealed attacks were made 

meantime a not less bloodj act of tbe terrible drama was taking nlace to 
the W. of Viuniille, near TromiUt and Kan-la-Tinr, where the lOlb Army 
Corps, with part of the 9lh, managed lo htild Ihe nnmericallj inpeiiur 

whole war. when lil regiments of French horse were routed by M sqnad- 
mn. of ProMian ta.alry (Bheinbaben Dirijion) Knmerous moni.meBls 
dot tbe battlefield, many of them on the French eide of the frontier. Beyond 
»ars-la-Toar, near the rail. sUUon, is tbe chief French monoment. by 
Kogino. — Tbe battle oC IBth Ang. wu one of the bloodiest fon^t dniinc 

aaoonted to fiT.tWO men with &3 gnu. Tbe French loss wu estimated 
at BT9 offlcera and ie,13a men, and the German loss at 711 ofBcer* and 

r MeU. COLOMBET-NOUILLY. 23. RouU. 179 

. Ths adiutice Uy, on Ihe whole, vilb the aennuii. 

wbo prETented Ibelr oppuneDta fr 

Tc the E. of Hell fie the BtTiLs j^ields ot l*in 
.... __ ■ - J ,]|g rtillgence (Ihrico 


iVsiiHDdlf vii walk via Stn^ngi ud Colimlur lo (1-6 hn.) / 

back ondsF Ihe «uds ot Meti. Tbe Oeri 
CDbiinbfy-il'ouMly , u Ihe groand bolween these vlllsgea iru the prtsclptl 
object of (Ituck (lee Hap). The residt ol the battle wu lo udsb a ratal 
delav Id Ihe Intended march of the French to Verdun. 

The bettle af Slit Aag. aod lat Sept. waa foDght on the occasion 
at tbe Srst and mail determiDed tttempi of Karahal Baielne to break 
through the German army which had anrroanded Ueti iloce 19th AnsuBt. 
The chief object of dlipate vu the imaU Tillace ol Ifoiumilli (sea Hl>oie), 
S H, trom Ueli, an Ihe road lo Saarloala. The 4lh and Blh Corps and 
the guardg of Ihe French took the place about 6 p.m., loon after tbe 
begionlDE of the battle; Ihey lost it about 9 p.m. and rs-eaptnred il al 
10 p.m. On Ihe toUowing day Ihe aennani look the Tlllaea three limu 
and lost II ai often, but at length abonl noon they lacceeded in caiDlng 
ADta posasulon of it. The principal Oerman monuments rise to the 3. 
of tbe Tillage, and there are several others near Binigny to the N. of it, 
and mear Cotmatg to the B. The German loss amounted to 126 ofasen 
' and 3SeO men, and the French loss to 141 oCBcers and 2664 men. 

wbere Baialne's last lorfii, on Tth Oct., terminated °ln Uie rel'reat of Ib^e 
French sfler a battle of nine hours' doralion. — AI the chitean of H-ci- 
eaU (now a barrack, see below), V/, H. to the 9. of Ketz, on 37th Ocl., 

60 eeoerals. 6O0O other o'fflcera,"i73.00O 'men (Inclndlng'30,(X)0™ic" and 
tiofotbarmunmoDl of wu, was surrendered 

Fbom Mbtz to Paont, lH'/i M,, railway in Vs-1 ^'- ('"ea 
1 ^ 70, 1 ^ 30, 80 pf.). — The Una ascends the picturesque and 
well-peopled Talleyof the MoielU, which flows between hills of mod- 
erate height. Soon after leaving Metz, at the point where the line 
to Diedenhofen branches off to Che right, we pass on the left Fort 
St.Privat, now Ptitu August vonWurtUmberg, and then the chateau 
of FreiaiH (see above), embosomed in trees. A little farther on, the 
train crosses the river and reaches (5 M.]) Ars-iuT-MoitUt, with 
several ntanafactorles of sparkling wine. On the hill is the Sron- 
prini Fort. In the Moselle valley, lietneen Ara and Jouy-ata-Archts 
(Hfitel de I'Aquedue Rorasin, at the N. end ot the village) on the 
Tight baoh, about 6 M. from Metz, are situated ei tensive remains of 
a Roman Aqtitduct erected by Drasas, which was onoe about 60 ft. 
in height and ^/^ M. In length, and conducted water from the hills 
on the left bank to Metz. At Ars there are seven, and at Jouy 
eleven arehes still standing. On the hill of St. B;ai)(|;ll95ft.) above 
JojijiaibdOrafBaticUrFtiTl. — 7M. Anep,onlheMoielle. — From 
(S'/s M.) Noviant an omnibos plies thiice daily [once on San.) to 
Goize [p. ITS). — 121/3 M. Pagny Is the Flench frontier-station. 
Thence to !ftmcy and Parii, see BiKdeiw's NorOitm Franct. 

From Metz to IVivM and Luxen^ourg, see pp. 190-188. io|(j 


24. From Saarbrucken to Treves, and thence to 
Loxembonxg and Ketz. 

CoB^. Mop, p. Its. 

BAiLwiY to Trivix m M.) In 2-21/, brs, (fires 1^ 20, 5 J( iO, 8 j* 60 pf.) ; 

from to Luxmba^rg (S2 M.) in I'/t-a hrs. (tares 1 J! 30, 3 Jl, i jt 

BO pf.); /ram Trivei t» MiU via Dieaenhufen (66 M.) In av,-3 b™. (fsres 

e .« 30, 5 ^ 90, 3 j: 90 pf. ^ express S J! BO, « ^ 90v 1 ^ 90 pf. ; return- 

Ixuiembonre lo Trevei a brief h»li la made for' ». cuilom-bouse eiimina- 
tiOQ at Sartlvaut (p. 189). 

Saar6rucl:«n, aeep. 173. The line follows the course of the Stvir. 
Namerous coal-mlnea and manuractotiee ne paeeed. 2M. Btirioch, 
with a laige foundiy. 1 M. I,ouf>enlAaf, also connected with Sau- 
biQcken by tramway. From (6 M.) fiitibttnjren (KaiserliDfi Miillec' 
Etacheid), with a large ftiundry, a branch-line runs to y/aigiasea, 
joining the line (torn Bous to Tetetchen (p. 174), — 10 M. Sous, 
the junction of the line to Tetarehen and Courcelles (p. 174) ; 
12Vi M. Eiudorf, connected with Wallerfangen and Saailouia by . 

141/2 M. SMTlonii (BhtinUchtT Bof; Zwtl Baitn), 1 H. from 
tbe rail, station, with 7900 inhab., formerly a fortreaa, constnioted 
In 1680-85 by Vauban for Louis XIV., is now used as a miUtary 
depfit only. The town lies on the left bank of the Saar. About 1 M. 
to the N. (tramway, eee above) ta WaUerfangen (Vaudrtfangt), 
once a fortified place, Vith the fayence manufactory of Msbbis. Ttl- 
leioy i. Boch (see below) and a park. 

IT M. DiUmgen, the junction for the Nledthal line to Busendorf 
00 the Diedenhofea (Thionville) and Teterchen railway (I2V2 M.; 
•ee p. 190). — 20 M. Btukingcn ; 22Va M. Fremmersdorf. — SiVaM, 
■eraig (H&U.I Hoffmann, Triencher Bof, both very fair; SfUemie,' 
Poat), an industrial town with 6500 inhab., on the wooded right bank 
of the Saar, is of ancient origin (Uareiacum). The Roman Catltolie 
Chunk, a late-Romanesque (transitional) basilica of the end of the 
12th cent., with a lotty dome over the crossing, tound-aiched windows, 
and pointed arcades, was restored in 1887-88 and provided with a 
mosaic Booring. The Gothic iVolej(on( Ctatrch was built in 1865. 
The Rathlunit dates from 1625. About 1 M. lower is a large Lunatic 
Asylum, behind which rises the Galgcntcrg (liew). 
• * light railway ii- now being batll lo Benli/ild (on the Wemmeta- 
wellet and Nunnweiler railway, p. 178), 

The train now tunnels throngh the heights ofUontclair, round 
which the Saar makes a considerable circuit. 

29M. l[«ttlacill(550ft.; Zur^oar, veiyfair), with 1600inhab. and 
the Imposing buildings of a suppressed Benedictine abbey (1737-71), 
originally founded in the 8tb cent, by St. LudTinns, and now oc- 
cupied by the extensive earthenware-factory of VUUroy 9 Both 
(2000 workmen). The modem psrish-ehnreh contains a reliquary of 
the 12th cent, aud other valuable objects from the old treunry of 

SAARBURO. 24. Route. 181 

tbe abbey. The 'HaBenm' «t the factory (spplicatioD (oi adm. st 
the hotel) contains apacimenB of the very tasteful piodnctions of 
the worka slnco their establighment in 1810, and aUo numeroui 
pieces of ancient and modern pottery of all kinds. The pretty park, 
with the rainod choir of the Bomanesqne Chapel of 81. Lvdvinua 
(restored], is generally accessible to the public. Fine Tlew from 
the Pavilion (Vs M. ; reataurant), — On the left bank of the Saat 
lies Keuekingen, an aitlzan colony, connected with Hettlach by an 
iron bridge. 

Ffosi me FavilloD (see iboTe) e pleaiant foiell-path ascendl lo ifU hr.) 
the ruined castle of AontiiUir {lOHl ft.( 'View), denlroyed in 13B0 bj 
Elector Baldwin of Trivea (kev Itept bj the park-keeper at Mettlaih). — 
On tbi leFt bank of tkR Saar, oppoaits the H. point of the Hoalclair bills, 
riaes the Clef (1475 tt.; tSmta. on Sun.), reached fmm Keucblngen In 
IVihr. hv a white-marked patb ascendine to the left fiom the highroait. 
The hill, which was once loriiaed ai the ke; to this district, aS'oTds a 
Sue survey of the Iwu iinDB Df the valley of the Seat, separated by a 
narrow atrip of land. 

The line follows the right bank of the Soat^ picturesque scenery, 
paiticulstlr near (34 M.) Tabcn, high abore which to the left is the 
Tabm Chapel, oommanding a tine view, — 38 M. Serrig U the 
best starting- point for aTislt to the Klauior cbapel of Castel, rising 
on a precipitous rock on the right bank. 

and deacend the left bank for abont 100 paces nnlil a narrow nide-valley 

aurroonding the chapel (if the gals is closed, ihe key must be called for 
at the villige of CmUl, ViM. distanl). The 'Klaoi', on n bold rock over- 
hanging the Saar, is a chapel reelored in 1838 hy Frederick William IT., 
in which be deposited the bones of his ancestor, the blind king John of 
Bohemia, who fell at Cnfcy in 1346; the modem sarcophsgus is of black 
marble. Fine viewi of the valley of the Saar and of Baarbnrg, which may 
be reached from Serrig by a pleasant walk along the river in 1 hr. 

40Vj M. Beurig U the station for — 

BBarbuTgCFoiJ; Reiiaurant TMrmti, both withgardens), picCui- 
eequely situated In a basin, and eommanded by the considerable ruins 
of a oastle of the Eleclois of Treves ; a tannel leads under the castle 
to the town. Pop. 2100. The Qothio Church of St. Laarenee was . 
erected in 1856. The Leak, which hate unites with the Saar, toxms 
a waterfall, 60 ft. high, near the 'Post'. The Pavilion, on the height , 
to the S., opposite the castle, commands a fine view. — 43 M. • 

The line descends the Tslley of the Saar, passing (45 M.) Wit- ; 
lingen, where remains of Roman bnildiogs were recently dls- 
eoreied, (r.^ Schanhof, and Oher-Emmel, celebrated for their wines, 
to (49"/a M.) Com (365 ft. ; Po)i), below which it anteta the yaUoy 
of the Hoselle. Oonz (2000 inhab.) is the Soman Conlionaeum, 
whence aevetal imperial edicts were dated. A few remains of the 
imperial yllta mentioned by Ausonius (p. 190) are still recognisable 
near the church. Gonz fs also united with Tr^Tes by a special 
branch-line (5 M.) passing the stations of Zeuien and E^^en. 

fVoetkal NoUi. 

55 H. Trivw. — Tb» Bau-wit Sutioh (¥L D, 3) tor all pMaeneer 
■imi ii DB Um riflit buk of tlm Honllc, o> Iks E. tide of tka Idwd. — 
ka atktiaii on Ibe laft buk of tbe MohUb httu menlf fOr ihs local 
sfle to Cciam Bmd EhrUkg. 

.-■"j.-..- "i^."^™ . D.3^f?rn5 

Forta Nicn, witH nataunnl aadTermdk, R.V/rta 

Dt TUTU (PI. ai C. i)i VasjtDia (PI. 4i B, J), BiftEuo-ou., mauucnau, 
B.2 3. B. i, D 2Vi J(,-K«T |P1. a; CD, in thaKoraiuaAt, R. Ph-^h, 
K.iJl.a.%JHD pt., pen*. i'/rS JT; Bom. » Lumuocu (PI. c ; O, ij; 
K.3i^A, B. t,D.S>A,pui.S9^.- AmLeor. orMalael-Str. aod JohaDDei- 
Sto., B-HA. D.l-l'AJ. — XeirlkenU-MattoB: Bncaaww, R »<D.2 J; 
Baanai^HArm R. IVr^/n D. I'A-^ -<( ■' Botkl dc Kua, R. li/ri, D. li/i ^, 

'Kaataocuta. 'DMttdMnl*, Slnwoiu-Str., >aai the Poita Nlcim, wilb 
ilUMir cardeo, D. (1-3 P.B.) 2^.- -Am JKr> rnwkir}, ia ttc Buikct ; AetatUi, 
Fleiacb-Slr.; X^A, fieu-Slr. 2; Baur aod twtia*tf Cn»nu to let), botb 
is the FlFiKli.8(i., (>xid, witk tardea); ZMi Rjawr (tDonak, Brod^tr. 3, 
D. IVt ■'f.— >«i- *fVM.Vi#ra(HaaboTe); ftaa rt i t i i aj-, Fakr-Str.. wilh 
ordBBi J fJ Mctaaw JBad^ Si^Aoa?.Suaan. — 0ar^ 2«<Binttt oa the 
btiebii OB Ibe Ian bank or tbe Moaalle, ■« p. IBS. - Oin* U tba Eun- 

B, aj. BlTCT Bilbi at the lattET On laiuiier) and u Iha IcA baak or the 
■okUc (F1. a, sy 

OabL Per dnre withia the ton, ineli^iBi JuptiWialn a>d Ar- 
Tatw. far 1 pen. STI, 2 pen. R) pf . ; each addiliDaal pen. ■& pf. win. ~ 
To the eatrasn at BtOum, St. JArflMai, r wl hm. 1 pan. 75 pf., each addlt. 
pema^Spf.; la Se*mtidtr'i Bt/ aad the Wt ii ii a m i (p. ISTJ, 1 pen. 1^^, 
each addit. pcza. J^ pf Loanr drive* accordiaf Xo bu^n. To Iw*l 
(p. ffiS) nro-EiDne can. abont Sjl. — B; K_e. for <kJ> Vt hr., 1-3 pen. 50, 
S4 iKr^. 75 pf. 

TraBwa; Iiimb tba RaOwar 6tali« (PI. t>. S) vii Ih* Xord-AlWc aad 
SiBeoas-Slr ID the Vai^d (PI. C, 3), ud lh«<re br Iha FMsch-Sir. u tb« 
~ "e Bridce (PI. A, it. and br Ibe bod-Slr. f the SsalhiK (PI. B, GL 

-id St M.ithi»> (p. ISSV 

__ . rPl- B, C Ik FteiKhStr. 7S. 
I, lee B. 2b; u> Bencasal, Me p. JOl. 

Triva 1 43a fL), Get. Trier, on Ika ri«kt bulk of Ua MowUa, 
TiU 44.000 inhab. (5000 Protectuti). aid to b« tka oMMt town in 
6«nB«nT, belonged to tke Cnilai 7V«Mn>nnt. oi tenitoiT of the 
Tietoi. > triba of Bet^c Oaats conquend B.C. 56 bj Caaar. It U 
'nncertunvhether tkoevM * senleBent hoe in pn-BonaB tiBea. 
The Roman Kdwh, Csioiua Jafiuta IVRCronon. vat ^shUily 
fODBCked br AojVEiu. and iBTCSted with tfaa njak of a t»iamj by 
ClandiBB. In the reifa of Diocletian Trtoa became An capitk) of 
Btiyiea IVnu, and dorin; the 4th kdIdit it vas fftqv^tly (ka 
leiidaKe of the SoBtn Empemv The nomeiODS rslks of that agt 
im the TidBitj ai« aaoag the flnest am this fide of the Atpc Om tka 
introductioa of ChnstiaDitr by Onatuitine. A^dn af Aativch 
*as (328) eledad Cnt Bishop of Trtrvi. and for mwIt 1& cMtuiat 
the town cDadBoed to be the resideace tt tk« Uihopc. anhbttkops, 
and eleoion, till (Heaeiu Weacadaa* of SazoBf. tke tost deetOT 

c. Google 


Porta Tftgra. TREVES. 24. Brmlt. 183 

(i768-1802; d. 181'?), trMsferrea bis rcBidenco to Cobleni Id 1786. 
On 10th Aug., 1794, the French ctptated the town, and la 1816 
It -me ceded to Piaeda. The bishopric vaa le-eatabllsbed In 1802. 
The gnrroundlDg vine - cl&d hills aod wooded heights , and the 
rich pUin In which the town wtth its red eindstone walla «nd 
Qnmerons towera is situated, are strikingly pktnieaque. 
^Trevlr m«tropol1i, urba amSDlisima, 

Ss Bacelmm ncolld, Baccho natlssima, 
toil Incolli Tina forlliilma 
Per duleor!' 

The Mabebt (Ft. C, 3) lies nearly in the centre of the town. The 
'SoOie* Ham' (PI. b), situated here, a late-Oothic ballding of Che 
15th cent., wasfonnecly theflalAAousand had an open arcade on the 
gronndOoOT. It bears the inscription : 'Ante Romam Treviris stetlt 
annis MCCC, referring' to a medieval tradition that Trftves was 
founded by Trebeta, son of the Assyrian king Ninus. The building 
was taken over by the town in 1900 and U in proceis of restoration. 
An ancient Column in the Platz , supposed to date from 958 , was 
renewed in 1723, and is surmounted with a cross with the Lamb of 
Qod. The Petenbrvnnen, a beantiful Kenaissance fountain, was 
erected by Elector John of Schflnberg in 1595. Behind It rises the 
spire of the SI. Oam/olphs-Kirche. — In the Dietrlch-Str. is the so- 
called Propvgnaculvm , dating from the early Bom&nesque period 
and said to be the oldest domestic building in Germany. 

The Simeons- Stiasse, leading out of the market-place towards 
the N., terminates in the 'Porta Sigra (PI. 0, 3), a well-pre served 
town-gate with lowers of defence, and the Snest of the Roman 
structures at Trives. This magnificent relic, dating from the 3Td 
or 4th cent, of ont era, is 115 (I. long, 75-93 ft. high, and 29 ft. in 
depth. It consists of three stories, with two gateways, 23 ft. in 
height, and is constructed of hi:ge blocks of lias sandstone, blackened 
with age and fastened with iron braces Instead of mortar. 

Tbe Porta Iflgra was a fortlfled citj-gsle, the eiterior af whlcb could 
be Elnsed by a portcnllia and defended by tie two towers. If tie enemy 

ends tbere are HtiU tricea of the jnnclinn of the gate with the walls, and 
at the W. end In ■ dnnrw.,, which opened nn Ibe ramparts. A piwti™ 
of tbe old Bfiman w=n bae been uncovered nn the N.E. liiie nt the gan, 
nndeniaatli the medieevsl walL In 1038-3D the E. lower «■« occnpied by 
a Oreat hermit named aime«n, and on his denth tbe structure wm eon- 
rerlei Into two chnrchos, one above th* other. In iSlT all the later «d- 
ditioBa were removed eicept the apse al the E. end, and in 1876 tbe 
original Roman gtincture wu tbnronghly disclosed. 

In (be Interior are a nnmber of Raman anllqnltlea, architectural frag- 
menti, atone coffins (one cont^nlng a taU akBloloDj, eod broken acnlptnreg. 
Admlulon d^y, 9-lli at other times on aprXeatloD to tbe cnalodian of tbe 
Soman Palace <p. 187). Entrance on the W. side. 

To the E. of the Market Place lies tbe DoMPBBraoF, a small 
tqnare with a Slattie of Emperor William I., in bronie, by F. von 
MlUer, eretted in 1893. 

184 Bontt S4. TREVES. CaAcdral. 

The CathednJ (Tl. 0, I), the iiiicl«a« of nblcb was probably • 

qiLsdtangulir bieUio erected byibeEmp. ValaitManl. [364-75), 
slthei for t, court of lav oi ag i bapdatery, iB one of the oldest 
chorchas In Oermany. This basilica, whlrb was of Che same breadth 
as tbe present edifice, and extended from the second pillar from the 
W. entrinee to the E. apse, eeems to have been converted Into a 
GhriBtian church during the Koman period. In the centre stood 
foor huge granite columns, connected by archer, some remains of 
which lie In the cloiatet-garden (see below). The church was partly 
destroyed by the Franks, but was restored in the original style by 
Biihop mcetiut C528-66), who held the see from 532 to 561. It 
was afterwards again devastated by the Normans, and restored by 
Archtiiihop Poppo (1016-47) and hia successors, who increased its 
size by an addition of one-thiid at the W. .end, In the style of the 
original Roman ediUce, and also built an apse. The E. apee was 
added by Bishop HlUin (1153-69). Tbe vaulrtng of the nave and 
aisles dates from tbe 13th cent. ; the circular, dome-roofed treas- 
ury was not bnilt till the 17th. — The various periods at which tbe 
structure has been built are ail clearly visible on the M. exterior; 
the Roman work consists of red sandstone and bricks, that ot Arch- 
bishop Poppo is partly of brick and partly of limestone. Several 
Roman arches and Frankish capitals hare also been exposed to 
Tiew in the interior by tbe removal of the stucco. 

Tbe iHiiBTOG is oneD tha whole da; eicept from IS to 2 (merger's lionse 
beblnd Ihe catbedTal. ^o. G). The o'ean and organ-cut date from iS33. 

■■ ■"■ t. Cperhapj Baldwin, brotlier o( Henrj VII,), in front of which 
lar^le font. Tbe J^lpil, aloraed wllh rslieFi of Ibe Beatltodea, 

e Lut Jndgmf 

ori. iiie flnenl monumenli are thoie of JoAnai. ///. (v 
ISWi restored in 1898), on the wall of tbo N, aUle, a 

he left, and hl> most violent antaconjst, Frani von Sicki 

:neen(p.lSe), onthe 

the aerman Benais- 

JS^lion 'ot"the aeco"alloo ^nd' if^rw" -"hVcho" 

r-icteens, the steps 

Imposing hlgh-allar 

ate tr™ imiTOrir To'fte Ml of a^lMl i?lhe*bf«l 

lo/s tbroneT- The 

'Yiaivm (idiB, on week-days at ii.30, by tickets procu 

reS from the verger. 

jr.-alot]iertini*.3J(forl-3pers.) conliln. tie Bhr 

ine ot St. Egbert, a 

mall enamelled altsr of the IDlh cenl., and seven 

tl Komanesque re. 

IquarUswilh Ihe heads ofHatlhaw the Apostle and t 

he Empress Helena, 

nail from the Cross, relics of the 11th and 12th cent.. 

a late- Rom anflsque 

ensor, and some richlj-buund Gospels of the Bth-13lh cei 

bove the cloisters is preserved the 'Holy Coat' witho 

ol seam, eihlblled 

.t piUrimi 

On the S. side of the cathedral are the beautiful CloisJers of the 
13th cent, (shown by the verger). They are adjoined by the sacristy, 
built in 1900, and an eaily-Qothtc double-chapel. — To the S. of 
the cloisters is the — 

*Liehfranen-EiielM (PI. C, 4), one of the most Interesting early- 
Gothic churches in Germany, built after 1240, probably in imitation 

BaMUa. TBEVES. 24. EouU. 185 

of the abbsy-cbuTch ofBnisne Dear Solssoni, and lately leBtoied, It 
is In thaf>im(approiimately)ofBClrcle[60;ds. long, J9yds. bro&d, 
124 ft. bigh], intersected by a laolted CTOBS-structaie, and supported 
by 12 Blender pillars. Tbe principal Portal iericbiy decorated wltfa 
EDulptatrs, symbollcil flgares of tbe Old and Mew Testament, etc. 
Ihe iNHBios Is reraarkabJe for 111 bannooioin proportioni. The igara 
ot the Apoitlea painted on the piUars in (he IGth cent, are vielble all at 

Tbe modem staJned-eluH windoni, made at Bnuaels after Sleinle'a deiigna, 

moDumeDta of ecelesiaatical dignitaries, and the miimmr of Bishim Tbewlull 
who died in the 6lh ccnlurT. The choir is frescoed villi sceseg from the 
Ufe of the Vi«io by ESrtcft and DOHngtr [18B6-B7). The allar-pleoa to the 
rlebt or Ihe ehoii (si. Sebutiaa ; closed) is wroneli ascribed to OtMo Kmi. 
Farther on is a scnlptoted gronp of Ibe H.ily Women at tbe Sopttkhre Id 
llie late-Qothie style. The cacrist; hu an inlerestisg old side-door iiilh 

.h also is closed fn 

aan Seceosla 
ini2toS; Ihe 

The TowiL Library, at tbe Oymmaium (PI. 0, 4 ; open on wi 
days 9.30-12; adm. 76 pf.), eontaina nomeions rare printed w 
and several Talnable manasciipts. 

1 art of priDllne still lay In Its cradle, ' 


icloding the Bible 
ISO. — One ol the ■ 

of F..S1 and Ootenberg of IIBO, and lh< 




noil InterestinE KSS. is the Codix A«r, 

, canton 


lagne, to Ihe Abbey of St. Hailinln. It is illnmlDalei with 

• ot Cha, 

lintinis, and the bindine is superbly adorned with jewels i 

■ o[ 

bably representing Ihe famlli of Oonatai 

.e. The • 


H BgbiMl. dating f] 

Mm about BTO, is perhaps the finest exiani > 


tains do 

t of Priim, rangine from Ibe Bth lo the 

rating Ihe advance ot the iUnminalor's 

;. - Se'.e 


!tl«s ofLnlher, on 

from Blileher on (he death of qaeen 

of Electors 


rivta, Ihe Duke of Alba, Bum, Sicklngen, and others. 

The Trinity, or JtmUi', Church (PI. 0, 4), i» decorated with 
stained glass from Hanlob and valUpailttlDgs by Steftgen. 

In tbe S£. QuABTBB tbeie are eereral Interesting relics of tbe 
Roman period and tbe Hnsenm. 

Bounding the Con Stan tins -Platz on the B, are the FiJaee Bat- 
tMk* (PI. C, D, 4], formerly the palace ot the Electors, with late- 
RenaisBance portals in the court, sculptures on tbe tafade, and a 
baroqae staircase dating from 1701. Tbe building includes the old 
Boman Basilica (see below). 

The BMlllea (Fl. G, 4), bnllt entirely of brick, probably In tbe 
reign of the Emp. Constantlne (306-337), lerted originally for tbe 
administration of Justice and for commetctal purposes, lite the 
similar ancient Roman atnictures at Rome itself and elsewhere. 
Early In tbe middle ages It was tbe seat of the governors appointed 
by the Frankish sovereigns, and in 1197 it was made over to the 
arcbblshops. In 1846-56 it was restored and consecrated as a Pro- 

186 BouU 3d. TKETE9. Provinelid JUtismm. 

teitsDt ebnir.b. Tbe Imposing interiot, terminating In an apse at the 
N. end, is lighted b; a doable low of irindows. The verger ii itim- 
mooed by ringing the bell beside the gnard-honse in theConstantinr- 
Platz Cfee"). Tbe haglUea le 226 ft. long, 100 ft. wide, and 98 ft. high. 
Tbe N.W. aide up to tha iowec row al wini&wa, tbe epse, erd (ha 
loRf arcb bBlwson the and lbs apas an all aotiqae. Tbe S. 
facade and (be B. side, on the other band, are almoit aDttnli modern. 
Tba en(raiice for tbe public wu al tbe S. and | tbe hro smaller taii^acet 
naar the apee ware probably for tbe oig of the jadgai, Tbe loMHor tra* 
richly decorated with painUnE, aome rellci of wblcb may be Inipected 

Overthe altar la a tabernacle with font colnmiu of yellow African marble, 
preseated lo Frederick WUllam IV. by tha Khedive of ^Tpt- 

From tbe Oonslantlas-Flati we reach the Ost-Alltfe, la which 
tbe Hneeam Ilea, by pagsing tbe Palace Barracki and oat tbtaogh 
the Muf-Tbor. 

The 'Provincial Hoaeiim (PI. G, 5), a handeome ReaaUsi.nce 
bntlding in red aandstone, erected In 1885'89, containa an exten- 
slve and highly interesting collection or Eoman and other an- 
tiquities, a nnmlier of ptcturea, and a collection of art-indaatrial 
objects. Open free in gummei on Sun. & Wed., 11-1, and on other 
days, at the Game hours, for a fee of 50 pf.; from 9 (o II and 2 to S 
(eioept Mon.) and In winter adm. ie obtained by a fee of 75 pf. to 
thecastodiangVhollveaintheS.wing. ShDrtgQide60pr.i llluGttated 
cataloffne by Dr. HeMnfr, i Jl BO pf. 

moijHi, datlne from about 100-!fiO A, D. and depKlIng tbe ancient dwellera 
nn tbe Miuelle in tbelr coslnmoa and their dally life. Many of the scnlp- 
turea illustrate the callure of (he vine nn (he MoBflie. 

ttooBS Vend Tli Steiu Monnmialm fvtm l\c Cilf if Trim. 1b noon Vi 
IiL'eriplion from a monument dedicated (o L, Oattar, tbe adopted inn of 
AngnBtat, the oldeat ioacrlption FDund In the Rhine dlelrictn. — Uooa Vlt 
Heathen coffin with akeleton and aepnlchral ohjecU of the 3rd cant. A. D.( 
Chritttan laieHpHoni, from the remelerlea of Bl. Paolin. Bt. Hailmln, 
and 31. Matlhiai, bearlnE teatlmoDy to the spread df ChriaHinity al Trtrea 
in the ttb and 5th cent.; repcodecdon of a wooden coSin vlib Cbrlatlaa 
emiilema. found in 18K3 In fut chnreh of St. Paullnnn In the alone »rco- 
pbagui, which accordinE lo IradKion contained tbe temtlna of S(. Paull- 
nua <d. abonl SSO), — Rook VII: Technical ubjeeta of Raman oHein, " 
Rook VIII: Most racent diatOTCrlei. 

Sunk Floor. Roan XI: Jfilalonu of A. D. 121 and 139 front (he Boman 
road from Trives to Col.ignei Fp«m VgnumcnU from Ihe environs of 
Tr«vea. Uirctay v<llt BoccAtu at a Mid. — Roox XII: Rrrnion Trmb Mm- 

and later Bculpturaa. 

Firat Floor. Rodh XIV : 'Raiaa* Metalc, probably from about A, D. 300, 
fonnd daring tho erection nf tha Mnseom (npwards o( one-third la lofll), 
rapreaenlinE Noaei leaching wiae men, Ihe Muuttu iritb their coda, the 
Sifns of the Ziidioc, and Iha Fonr Seaioni, — RooH XV : Roman AitHquiaa 
fiKMS al Trttit. Antique marble colnmnai Torso of Gvpidi Torao of 
Armun^ baaed on (be aame original as Ihe HaUal Amaion In (he Vatiean; 
torao of an a(hle(ei amaller 0bjt:cta from Iba Boman Bstbri, partlcolarly 
combs and halr-plnS; mnral palDttngn-, moaalci; slatue of Jajitur. — 
Booh XVI: AnUqtUttti found i% Ml- Bntiroju o/ Trttr.. ifaiaici from 
Boman vlllaa; tlity 'Btrnm, with Roman and Oreak portrallt, popnlar 
(ypea, and beads of dlvlnitleai Caim and Bro,ua: plans of Boman bnlldlnea. 

Amphithtalre. TREVES. 2i. RouU. 187 


:-. Konun nmiti. found mottl; bealde (hs Porta l^'igri trad In Ou 
S\ »od re-ereeted » tha j wera (onnd. — Boon XK ^ Romm Drintirv 

I, - Booh XStI; WimMiA ^nr<9U«f<i and a ■moll Greek and 
collBctlDn. — Room XSm. CollecUm tf CHm: &DmBn coins mlnled 
, Id chroaologlcal order; solus at Ihe Blestoia of Triies. 
ILooii SXtV. In the cabiaeU in the centre of the room : Itotj eervingei 
Limoges enametsi bronie disb of tbe 12th cent. »ith represenUllon oi 
the Good Saoiiritan. On the waUs a number of pictures, moitly of the 
Bheniih and Netherlandish schools (lajgel^ copiea), — BoohXXT: OoUee- 
tian of Bbeniib stoneware; majoUssi and poreelalDi eoUectlon of glau 
(IB-lBtb cent.). 

Tbe *Bonuui PalMe ([Fl. 0,5], entered from the Pronieiiiide 
and also horn the Patut-PIatz, lies at the S.E, coinei of the tovn, 
and forms a picturesque group of ruins, part of which ia 85 ft. high. 
Iq the middle ages the bailding was need alternateiy as a church and 
as a fortress. The rubhish in the interior accumnlated to such an 
extent, that one of the windows wa^ once used as an entrance to the 
town. — Visitors ring at the entrance. 

Tbe best-preserved part of the edlAce ia a Rtclangular Boata, with 
three apses, at the S.E. eod, formerlr lighted b; two rows of arched 
windows, and heated b; channels for hut air, many of which are still 
viiible. To the right and left of this chamber stood two Tomri , one 
of which Is illU extant and commands a flae >iew of the rains and of 
the town (ascent by a sleep spiral staircase). — At the K.W. end, where 
the eioavations are still in progress, larions circn:ar and sqnare rooms 
and anbterranean passages have been bronght to light. — The keeper 
(BO pf.) has also the key of the Porta Nigra (p. 183). 

On a rising ground about 1/4 M. to the E. of the Palace 
ig the *Amphitheatie (PL D, 6) , locally known as the KalkelUr, 
situated among vioeyards. This arena, still in excellent preserv- 
ation , -with a diameter from K. to 8. of 76 yds., and from E. to 
W. of 53 yds., was capable of accommodating 7-8000 spectators. 
(That at Verona bald 20,000 spectators, the Colosseum at Rome 
40-60,000.) The E. half is bnllt Into the rocky side of the hill, while 
tbe W. is raised to tbe same level by artiflclal means. At tbe N. 
and S. ends are gateways , each with three openings, that in the 
centre leading to the arena, and those at the sides le the «eat« for 
■pectaton. There are also two entraneei for the public on tbe W. 
aide. The dens for the wild beasts and tbe chambers for the gladi- 
ators are still traceable adjacent to the arena. The amphitheatre 
was probably built in the reign of Trajan 01 Hadrian. In 306 Con- 
stantine here anllied bis fame by causing several thousand Franks, 
with their leaders Aacarich and Ragais, to be torn to pieces by 
wild beasts; and in 313, a Dumber of captive Brucleri were bar- 
batonsiy sacrificed lor the amusement of the people. — The Amphi- 
theatre affords an excellent view of TrSves by morning-light. 

Adjoining the Kalser-Straase are the Boman Baths (PI. A, 6), 
an Imposing stmcture of the 4th cent. A. D., 660 ft. in length, ex- 
cavated in 1877-86 (adm. !25 pf. ; plan 10 pf.). The principal facade 
wag turned towards the H. The masonry above the level of tbe 
gronndhas almost enUrely disappested, though at tbe beginning of 

loo Routt Si. TREVES. St. ifnUJkeui'A 

tbe ITth MDt It ITU pieuived np to the aecoad Btory. The position. 
of the old baths (frigidarium), the tepidarium, and the aUdarium, 
the targe baslD of iwin vtter, the heating appsTataB, aod othei 
paita of the building can still be traced. 

Adjacent U tbe KoieUe Bridge (Fl. A, 4 ; tramway, aee p. 182), 
with eight arches, aome of the battiesees of which are of Koman 
origin. The second and seventh buttEessea from the towo'side were 
blown up by the French io 1639, and restored in 1T29. The biidge 
(BQOft. long) has recently been skilfully widened and levelled. ' 
On the left bank of the Moselle is the Local Station meotioned at 
p. 182. — The conspicuous Column of the Virgin (' Marions Sule'). 
on the hill (2 M. from the bridge), commem orates the promnlga- 
tion of the dogma of the immaculate conception of the Virgin. 

The beat 'View of Treves in the afternoon is obtained ftom the 
hlU on the left bank of the Hoaelle above the village of Pallitn 
(PI. A, 1), and opposite the sabarb of Znrlaaben (ferry ; PI. B, i, 2). 
At the landing-place of the ferry is a board indicating the way to 
the Cafl BtUevue (PI. A, 2). Beyond the Napoleons-BrOcke, car- 
rying the Aix-la'Ohapelle road over the ravine of the Siiienicher 
Bach, a path ascends to the right to Sehntidtr'a Hof (PL A, 1) and 
the 'WeUshaut (PI. A, B, 1), with a pretty park and a rsBtaorant 
(cab, see p. 182). About ll/j M, higher np is the KotltdtbeTg (le- 
stanrant), commanding an admirable view- 
About ■/, U. to Iho S. of Tthia is aimXed ths venerabls (rhntcll of 
St. Matthaw (comp. Fl. B, fli tramnav, see p. 18% daUnc in its preient 
form frdmthe ISthceit., with alteration! madi in ths i6th and lSt£ «nt.. 
and laid to contain tbe saTcophacni of the Eiangellit (a favourite reiort at 
pilgrims). Beside 11 is a Eoman cemetery. — About'/. M. to the H. of the 

le earl; Christian 

h tbeii nameJi lns«i\>Bd. 
V a bwrack (PI. D, 3). 

The Railwai fbom Taivw so LincBHBorBo (fares, see p. 180) 
is the same as that to Saarbriicken as far as (ji/s ".) KarOtaiu (see 
p. 182), the jseat of the Qeiman custom-house [p. 180). Opposite 
the station on tbe right is an old Carthusian convent, since 1634 
occupied by Franciscan nuns, who have restored the handEomB 
baroque chnrch. The train now crosses the Moselle. 

7 M. Igel (Willmeistedt), an inconsideiable village, contains 
one of the most interesting Roman relics to the N. of the Alps, 
the celebrated Igel Honnmsnt, popularly called the ' HtidHiOHinrC 
(heathens' tower), and visible from the railway (to the right, below 
the church). The monument Is a square sandstone column, T5ft. Id 
height, and 16Vi ft. broad at tbe base, and was erected as a funeral 
monument by the rich mercantile family ot Secundlnl, probably 
in tbe latter half of the third cent, after Christ. It boars appro- 
bate inscriptions, some of whieb are now illegible, and also 

NENTJIG. 24.R0WU. ley 

seiera.1 reliefs of icenes of daily life and mythological represents' 
tioHB, such as Hylas and the Nymphs, Arhlllea being bathed in the 
Styx, Mara and Rhea Sylila, the Apotheosis of Heicnles, Feiaeos 
and Andromeda, and Heicules nich the apples of the Hespeiides. 
Fiom the churoh on the hill behind the monument a fine vlev is 
enjoyed of the country around (best by evening -light). — Above 
Igel, whiuh may also be visited homWiastTlitteh [soe below), are 
extensive gypsum-quairies. 

Near {9'/a M.) WaiurbUMg the line crosses the frontier of 
Luxembonig; scenery pictuiesque ^ the Sauer {Sure) here unites 
with the Moselle, after having for some distance formed the bonnd' 
ary between Prossia and Luieiabourg. Near Its mouth is the priory 
of LangtuT. From Wasserbilli^ to Diekirch {SO'/a M.), railnay in 
2-2*/4 hrs. via Echtemaclt, see Baeitktr't Btlglum and Holland. 

Near(10 M.) MtrUrt the train quits the Moselle and ascends the 
valley of the Sure. 15 M, Wtcker; 19 M. Boodt; SS'/a M, Sfunj- 
bach; 241/2 M. Ortfinpen. The train then crosses Uie PuUieraaihUn- 
Thnl by a viaduct 376 yds. long and 100 ft. high. The station of 
Lniemtiourg, situated on the right side of the valley of the PHtuiu, 
is connected with the town by a handsome viaduct, 

32 M. Lnxembonrg (HStels Bratseur, di Cologne, dt I'EuTOft, 
ie> Nations, dt Luxembourg), see Batdtker'i Bdgiwn and Holland. 

The Railwat foou Treves to Mbtz (fares, etc,, see p. ISO), 
a Iprolongatlon of that described In R, lb, ascends the valley of 
the Moselle above Trftyes. — I'/bM, LawenbrUcken. 4'/aM. Karf- 
baua, the junction of the S&arbriiclien and Luxembourg lines (see 
pp. 181, 188). Belovr the bridge at Conz (p. 1»1) the train Grosses 
the Soar, affording a view of the pretty valley of that stream, 8 M, 
WaiitTliaeh, '/a M. to the S, of Igel (see above) ; 13 M. Welien. 
Near (15 M.) Nittei the train passes through a tunnel. 18 M. Wincke- 
ringcn; 23 M. PaUem, On the light, close to the Moselle, the chs' 
teau of TAom,' farther on, to the left, the chlteau of Biibiagtn. 

25m, Fenni^. The station is at the village of Wi«, IH. from the 
little Luiambourg town of Remich on the left bank of the Moselle, 
and as tu ftom the village of Nennig (poor inn). In the last 
are the remains ot a Roman villa, excavated In 1852, contain- 
ing a remarkably flue 'Afoioie Pavtment, 49 ft. long and 33 ft. 
broad (now protected by a wooden covering; fee). It la nearly as 
large sa the Mosaic of the Athletes In the Lateian at Rome , and 
perhaps surpasses that celebrated work in artistic execution. The 
principal scene represents a combat of gladiators, and is surrounded 
by seven medallians with animals, fencers, and muslciana. 

29 M. Perl, the last Prnasiau station. — 32 H. Siaiek (HStil de 
MeU, very fati;, a small and ancient town with 1200 Inhab., pictni- 
esqaely situated on thsiight bank of the Moselle, and commanded by 


the congplcaooB rnlDs of a cutle of the Dukes of Lonsiac. About 
6 M. to the M.E. ie Schioit Meniberg, popululy known u SchloM 
Uarlborovgh, from its occupation by the great Britisb geaeiU. 
36 M. Mallingen; SS'/g M. Kdnigimaehern. 

431/1 M.Dicdenliofen, Ft. ThionviUe(H6lelMthn;Po>t), & fotti- 
fled town of 10,OOOinhBb., ontheMoJeUe, islhejQDction torLuxetn- 
ioui-jp (see below) and of branch-lines to (28 M.) TtUrchtn (p. 174), 
inivii Hayingen 10(10^121/1.) FenUch, with numetouB blast- faniices. 

Pbom DiiDiHBoi'iH TO LcxiHBOUBfl. 30i/i II , nllwaj In i/rl hr. p Jl 
70,iJim,lJI :»pn. The Ilae cniissi the MoseUe. stuions Oreu-BO- 
ttr^jtn^ Suftyea. BDd iX6 Bl.) Beurn^itm-c. the ftrat plue in tbe fraad^duchj 
al Luxembourg; then Btrdum ud (Wi/i ^I) .^uinntoiir^ (p. Vf2). 

47 M. (7«ci:tnii(n ; 49 H. Beichmbttg ; 51 M. Hagtndingen; 
63 M. Maittjret, witb blut-fainsces. — 6dVtM. Dtvant-ltt-Fontx, 
ontside the Porte de Fiance of Metz. To the right, on the hUl, 
lies Fort Friedrich Karl (foimeily St. Qaentin), and beside it is a 
monument to Bismarck. The train describes a wide cnrre round 
the W. side of the totm, crosses tbe Hosellle, and eaters the ehief 
station of (66 M.) Mtta (p. 174). 

25. Ttoin Coblenz to Trbvea by the Hoselle and by 

Railwat (69 U.) in 2-3i/, hri. (faiee 9 ^, 6 J[ 80, 1 jT iW pf. 1 eipr«aa 
iO JIIO, 7 Jl BO, 6 Jl 30 pt.). - Views to the left. 

Snuio*T (IISH.) foBT timei weekly In lummer (HaT 16lh to Sept. SOth) 
from Coblsni lo Tr«ru in 2 den, spending Ihs nlgbl al Trarbatk. The 
dEBcenI from Trivee to Cobleni (Hon., Wed., Thun., * Sat.) takes 12-13 hni. 
Parei Cot the aseenl 9 oi 6 .«, detceal llVt ^ or T .« SO pf. Comp. the 

to cease running! BeetanranU oi board (he iteamere (B. IVi, D. MM), 
wllb good wine. - Tbe eteamhatl-pier al Cobleni lies between (he bridges 
over ike Hogelle; that at Treves t> near the BrScken-Tbor (Fl. A, 4). There 
are also local steamer lervice] between Cobleni and Cccbem and between 
Bemcaslel and Treves. 

The-TaUeToftheKiwiUsignot unworlby of comparisoD willi thai of 
tho Rhine. The ecenery is remarkably picturesque al places, tbe wooded 
and vine-clad hills present a great variety of form, and the valley Is 

river In a poem entiUed 'Uosalla'. ibe Kosalle wines have long been 
ramons for Ibeir delicate honquet (see p. Tiiii). The pedestrian will Bnd 
tbe valley admirably adapted for a walking-toor. which is greally faclll- 
tat«d by nnmeTons fairly-comfortablB Ibongb small and unpretendiBg Inns. 
The letters K.B. aorj L.B. denote the right and left banks with reference 
to tbe traveller descending the river. 

Tbe ben roads Iter cycllsH are alternately on tbe right and left baokii 
rrorn Cobleni to Trels B.B., Iben to Alf L.B., Bullay to Trarbach B.B., 
Traben to SlBheim L.B.,KIndil-BenwaIlel-Tbeimicb R.B. i from Ibere L.B., 


c. Google 

c. Google 

l;. GOO(^l(J 

COBEEN. S5. Bout*. 191 

tn dry wuther, along tbe KoBSlle. otberwiie vit Second tuid the Bdbt 
■B-nui Inn to Scbwelob; thence B.B. to TriTea. 

AC eertujn slumbDal-BtatiDna ptaaengera are landed ud embtifced 
In tmnll boats (fee 10 pf.J. 

Cobteru, see p. 105. The train skirts the base ot the Kuthsnee 
(p. 110), and above (^H.) JUoaeltfela (RSsschen) ciosseB the Moselle. 

21/2 H. O&U (Etesinb. itat, ; Zillien), a prettily-sltiialed village. 
The train tiaveisea the OTohard-like dlBttict of GilU, akiiting the 
ulne-olad hilla, and paaaei Lay, a vlllnge on the right bank, 

dM-WinningentBteamb. etat. ; Sckwan, on the ri<ei, witkgaiden- 
leBtautant; Aditr. both veif fait), a matket-towD with 2000 inhab., 
oace belonging to the county of Sponheim , and hence forming, 
like leveial other places on the Hoaelle [Enkiich, Traibach, etc.), 
a Proteatant 'enclave' in the midBt of the Roman Catholic Elector- 
ate of Trftvee. Wine is much grown in the environs. 

Farther up the river the left bank canaietB of lofty and preoipi' 
tons rocka, called the Witmingtr and Cobcmer Ulen, prodacing the 
beat flavoured tvine of the Lower Moselle. — On tlie opposite (i.) 
bank lies Diebliek (Sauei), with a handsome chnrcb. 

L.B. (9VaM.)C(ibeni(Bteamb. stat.; Simoni), fair), commanded 
by two caatleB of the Kaights of Oobem, the last of whom was eie- 
cnted at Cobtenz in 1536ae a disturber of the public peace. The rail. 
station liea above Cobem, near Oondorf (eee below). A steep foot' 
path ascends through the. vineyards (the path with the pilgrimage- 
stations ia longer, but easier) to the picturesque Niederbarg, It is, 
however, preferable to ascend direct to the (36 min.) Oberburg, fol- 
lowing (W min.) the flngei-post pointing to the right at a bend in 
the road (fine view of the Kiedeiburg and the valley). Within the 
OberJniTg, orAttmbUTg, is the *Chapel of St. Matthiai (key obtained 
from 1. Reif, ScheidergaEse 7, in the village), a heiagonal edifice 
meaanring 53 ft. from angle to angle. It is the most elegant work 
ot the late-Komanesqne style in the Rbineland, dating from 1330 
and probably inspired by the church of the Holy SepulcliTe at Jeru- 
aalem, which had lately becooie known through tbe Orusades. The 
central portion rises above the rest, and is borne b; six colamns. Tbe 
elaborate decorations are executed in a masterly style, and the 
acoustic propeitiee of the chapel are excellent. It was restored by 
Emp. William )I. in 1894, and the old painting has been renewed. 

Farther up, on the same (1.) bank, Ilea l3on(tor^(HaDpt, R. ll/i-3> 
pens. 3'/2-4 Jl, very fair), with tbe Tempelhof, a recently restored 
Oothio castle, and an old chikteau of the Counts and Princes Von dec 
Leyen, now intersected by tbe railway. The village is mentioned aa 
early as 871 under the name of Condravia, and on account of the 
numerOuB Roman and Fiankish tombs found here is supposed to 
have been the Roman harbour of Conlrua. 

On the opposite bank lie Niederfell (Anker) and Kiihr. 

101/2 M. Ldmtm (steamb. atat.), with a castellated manor-house. 
The river is bordered here with precipitous craga. 

192 Boufe es. BRODENBAOH. ne MattlU from 

R.B. ObtrfeU. — L.B. (13 M.) Cattenci, at the montti of a laviaa 
containing thirteen milk. 

K.B. Aiken (Sonntag), an old place with mediiBTal hoQses and 
fottifications, now comes suddenly into view. On the Mil above it 
rise the toweiB of the old castle of ThuTon, oi Thurant, bnilt br 
Count Palatine Ueinrich about 1200, and a frequent object of 
quanel between the Coants Palatine and the Electors of Cologne 
and Ti^veB. It vas besieged b; the two Archbishops In 1246-48, 
when 600,000 gallons of wine are said to have been conaamed by 
the assailants. — 15 U. i,oc^(SterDbDig) is the station foe — 

R.B. Brodsnbaeh [ateamb. stat. ; Post, R. l'/j-2, U. ly^-i Jl, 
Teiy faic1, pleaaantly sitDSted at the base of lofty wooded hills. 

JuBt above Brodanbach !i the mouth of a narmv uytD«, which ex- 
pantU abont >/i U. (rom the river and conUins a niunbeF of mUlB, Hear 

beautifol nanoraina [unpleasant staiT). — From the Ehrenliure lo Boppard, 
a'/j h".i lee p. 118. 

Ad overhanging cliff is noff passed on the left bank, beyond 
which the valley of the Moselle expands. 

16 M.HatienpoTt (steamb. stat.) and Boa [Htidger, R. £B. 2 Jl; 
Kran%, both very fair), two long contigaons villages, above which 
rises an old chnrch. The railway -station is ^|^ M. above Hatzenport. 

Abont 3Vi «■ to the W. (diligence (rom ilalienporl twice dsily lo f br.) 
liea Xanatti-Kuf eld (81S fl. i Smnt, MaifildK- Hef, both well spukea of), as 
ancient luwi wUb 1600 inhab., from Ibe 6lh eenl, onward) the chief place 
in the Misnoetli. or MttMtau, wblch extends hence to the Rhine. The 
contpicnous CAvrth, formerlT heloneinE to an abbe;, is the enccessor of a 
basilica of St. Martin, which eilsled here u early u 633. The front with 
its two round towers, resembling a fortress, and a curioug elevated chapel 
in (he InteHOT, perhaps dale from the lt>th cent, (or the 12thl) ; the choir 
and eboii-ohapela are In the traosilian-slrle of 122&^i while tbe nave. Id 
the developed Uothic stjle, was aomplaled at Ihe beginning of the 14lh cen- 
inry. — Oarr. from Mu note r-Hiif eld to (3 M.) Schluss Elti (ice below) and 
back 6 Jl( diligence to Mayen fp. 207) daUy is S'/t br«. 

R.B. BuTffen feteamb. stat.}, at the mouth of the Beyback-That. 
Opposite rises the massive tower of BiacAo/ilefn, erected in 1270. — 
In tbe Beybich-Thal, 7 M. farther np, is the luln of Waideek. 

19t/! M. Koaelksm (Burp EUt, very faii^ Baimei), at the month 
of the EUt. 

In tbe narrow, Inrluoui valley of the Elta, 1 H. abore Moielkem, lies 
SuHLOBB Eltz, which may alio be reached from HIinller-Kalfeld (gee above) 

in H/. hr., or from' Kuden (p. 1831 in ibr. - The road from Hoselkero 
lo KHz erusiea the Elli several times. Pedegtriang pass hj tbe shurcb 
or below the rallwal-arch and ascend the left bank of tbe Blti, crossing to 
Iho isa mln.) right bank a little on this side of tbe second mill (inn). Bejond 
tbe mill they proceed to the left along the garden-fence, cross the mlll- 

ruad. Id 2 mln. mure they again quit tbe road and follow the footpath 
to the left, which leads np and down bill {dlTergonco to the right to be 
ar^ded), Anally erossing lo tbe left bank and ascending lo the caslle. 

CobUni to I'thitt. 


25. fio.l.. li*3 

-Schlui Elti, u uden 

i ~i;",:;k';'™s 

°d by BooJed MlTa. 

weiponi. In the ElttsTSBil (knighls' biil) ii i viiitors' book, whi^h 
cODtsins theutognpliDrtbBprinc«ofWale<(aatFEdwird VII,). Visitors 
in*y antcT the court at any tlmsi admiagion to ttas lolerlDr ii obtained 
on written application to Ibe Coont or Ella at Eltville (p, 131) a week 
bofciiehand, — Opposite Solilosa Bin are (he toina o( Trvtctlu, or Baldinilti, 

2OV2 H. Miiden (Hofer), oppoilte the entrance of the pretty 

1Z*li M. Cturd«li (ateunb. stat. ; Brauet), below which la a cave 
in which St.OaatM, whoae bones nowrepoae at Cobloni (aee p. 107), 
il aftid to have dwelt to the 4th oentnry. The present Churck, once 
p«rt of an abbey, vaa erected in 1183-1247 on ,tbe aile of an earlier 
one foanded by the saint. The interior contains aeveral late-Gothic 
BcnlptDres. Of the pictnresque late-Oothie Goialtn nothing remains 
except one wallt. To the K. fa the Romanesque ChapiCT House. To 
the E. of the chnrch, near the railway, is the Tithe Bouse, an inter- 
esting specimen of a Romanesque secular building of the l!2th cent., 
with fine windows; it was restored in 1884, The Burgkaia, at the 
lower end of the village, is a Benaissance structure of 1562. 

A marksd path leads from Carden to (IVi M.) ScMaii EUi (see above). 

R.B. Treli (ateamb. stat. ; Wildbutg, well apolicn of), «ith 1600 
inhabitants. In the valley behind it are the ruiae of the Wildenhvrg 
and SahloM Tnii. The old church is of the late-Qothic period, the 
new church was built in 1830, — From TreU a road leada over the 
hill to (4VaM.) Bmttig (p. 194). In the Piaumiacft-Tftoi Is the 
rained convent of EngeipoTt. 

24</jM. Pommem, stthe month of the Pommer^ocA, in the valley 
of which are the ruins of the nannery of AoienlAot. founded in 1 170. 
— 37>/j M. Clotlen (Sehl, good wine), with the rnina ot a cagtle and 
an inteteetiug old chnrch. 

30 M. Coohem. — Hstdi. -Vmov, near the landiDgsUfe. ■/> M. from 
the »l»«on, E. 1 ^ TO-3 .J TO, B. BO pi., D. a/i, pena. 5'M Jl: SuaLosa- 
HavsL, Scbloss-Str. (coo<l viewV B. 4iB. from SVi. D- Vk-'i'li. peua. from 
ijti OuiMANi:., K. 2-a'/». D. from IV.. nens. from i Jl, well ipokeo 
ofi St*dtCobu>». R.1'A-a, B. »/(. D. 1V.-2, ftat-Vlt^Jl; SriBi Koln, 
Baven^S'i., K. i'lr% B. i.D.2, pew. J'/i-fi S ("■ilt girden-r^sianrani) ; 
K.ieam R. ft B. t^'m 3, nens. fromS'/, j*.- HiTKL-EKaTAUKiHI Kaar, near 
(be pier (pens, 1 M). — KeitanniDi on tbe K»tippchia. 

Motor OmttOmt Tielween Cnchem and Sfnlela (p. ISi) t times daily, 
Ditigmce to (B'/i «■} Kaiaersesch (p, M6) twice daily, 

Coehem (282 ft. ; ateamb. atat.), a district-town vrith 3600 in- 
hab., at the entrance of the ETideT-Thal, is one of the prettiest 
places on the Moselle, especially as seen from the right bank. In 
the pleaaure-grounda by the river Is a War Monument. Adjoining 
the picturesque BndeT-Thor is a timber house of 162Ci, 

The old •Cotlb-, on the hill to the S. (1 M. from the station 

BAibEua'i Rhine, IDtb Edit. 13- 

194 ltouU26. BEILSTEIN. Ut MostUt fraiii 

Teacbed from the piet via the ZallgasBS and SohloBS-Sti.), de- 
etroyed by the Fiencb iu 1689, wss treqnently occapied b; tbe 
Archbishops of Treves in the 14th >nd 16th centnriea. It wsa re- 
f toted in 1868-78 for Hon RaTOn* by tbo BorUn archilect IU»oh- 
dorff, with the aid of ancient plans and views. Tbe principal tower ie 
adoiaed with ahnfe flgnie of St. Christopher, in moBBic,bySalviati. 
Visiioca apply for admisaion in the restanraot at the entrance 
(1 pers. 75 pf., a party 50 pf. each); only a few of the snmptaonsly 
decorated rooms arc shown if the proprietor is in residence. 

On the right bank, opposite Cocbem, lies Cond (good wine at 
the Traabe] ^ Sne view from (</s hr.) the 'Conder Tempelchen'. 

In the Ehdu-Th^l, on ■ bill ibODt S H. frou Cochem, riau Qu towar 
ar Ihs mitatbtav, the mogt ancienl imt of tbe Vetlemicb family, dutroycd 
hj tbe Freneb In 1688. The road to Kutienescb tp. ^061 auendg tbe Endar- 
Tbsl. A pleasaotar mate Is to ascend Tii Cocbem Cattle to the Luelur 
UnOt (view), go ttaenee b; the Laclur Biif to Faia, and return lii the 

The trainnowpasaea through the CoeAemer or EilwerBirj to El- 
lerrseebelov)by meansof the Emperor n'JUiamTunne{(2^/3M. long, 
taking 6 min. to traverse), the excavation of which throogh the 
clay-slate occupied S'/a years (1874-77) and cost about 200,0001.; 
it is vaulted thronghont. 

n deecendinj. The 1 

of Cochem, ill ustle', and the Winnebu^. 
priorj, now a Innallc «ylnm. 

B. B, Valietg. Flctaretqae groapt of rc ' - 

S. B. Panibif, lying aomevhat Island. — L. B. Bllatr (Debren, ver; 

B.B. Beilitein (tteamb. Btat.; Ltpmaan; Burg MctUrMch}, a quaint 
litlle town nBBtUne at tbe foot of the locka, ii OTsrloahed by the old 
Imperial eaetle of Ibe same name, which afteiwaidi beloDEed to the 
Electori of Travel, and than to the Conntt (now Piincea) of ketternieb- 
Winnobutgi it w»B dsslroyed in 1888. 

E.B.' SmUIiM Cetiamb. ilit, ; SdineiderB, very f>ir), with a bi'eh-lying 
chDFcb. Opposite lies — 

L.B. amhah (Henrlclii, Dele, both very ralr)i omnlbni twice dailv to 
(in.) BUcT (p. 19B|. Farther on, JVeftrtn, and Ihe manor-houac of i*ftmm, 

L.B. Bdi|:ar (tteamb. s'Bt.) Frtieridii), ■urroundad with old rorUflca- 
tlons. and poaaeaalna nnmeroue mediRVjil bnildineH and a lata.Qothlc church. 
There are eitenilve vinejards here. We now repcb Bller (p. 1M>), i K. 

left bank, at the baee of the wooded Calmond, in the pretty valley 
of the BlUr, ie the month at the Emperor Wiltlam Tunnel (p. 194). 
The tcaiii ccoasea the Moselle, paseeg Hnoogh ■ tnnQet [370 fde. 
long), and skirts the lifht bank, with a Bne retrospect of the vine- 
cUd slopes oC the Oalmond. 34 M. Ntef, with an old manor-honae. 

At the centre of the cnrve which the liver describes loand the 
Ptleriherg, to the left, are aitoated tie ruins of the monastery of 
Stuhoi, foanded in the 12th cent, and suppressed In 1788. Farther 
Dp, on the left bank, Bremm (Hatter, unpretending), with a late- 
Qothic ebarch and quaint tnedisTal booses, said to be the Srat place 
on the middle Moaells where vines were planted. Then Aldegund, 
with en old chnrch and a handaome modern one. 

36Vs M, Bollay (Marienhurn, R. & B. 2'/4-3, D. 3, pens. 4-6 Jl, 
fair ; Via T'lurm:, similar charges ; Rail. Sfiloumnl, very fair), on 
the right bank, the 6tation for Alf and the baths ot Serlricli, 
(p. 196) on the opposite bank, and also for ZtU (p. 193). — Contiu- 
ualiOD of the railway to Treves, see p. 197. Steamboat Jonmey from 
Alf to Treves, see p. 19a 

From Ihe BuUaf etatioo we may reach lh« 'Vferiesnplali' (Foar Lakes 
View) on the EOnii (iron BnieT-pnit by the loadside near tbe ttation) in 
aboal ■/] hr. Beautiful ilew ot the UarieuburK and Ibe Moselle eotintrv. 
superior to thai from the Macienburg itielf. Descent In V> hr. to Her). 
(Interesting walk ttoa. Alf or BuUay lo Ibe Harienburg, Kiiml, Zel), Heel, 
.Konig, BulJay: 3 hii.) 

The toad to the ferry tarns te the right at the station of Bollay 
and then leads again to the rifht below the railway to the village 
of BuUay and the Ait teicy. — By following tbe railway a little . 
farther and crossing the double iron lattice-bridge [of which the 
higher level supports the railway, the lower tbe ordinary roadway), 
we teach the foot ot tbe Marietxburg, which is ascended hence 
by a good footpath to the left in 30 min. [path to the right to the 
Waldfrleden, see below). 

Alt. - HoteU. Post, R, I'/i »/., B. '/,. D. 2i/., pens, V/i^Jli Bai. 
BiaiaiCH, very fair; Bdeq Akus. B. A B. 1, D. l>/(-l</i Jl: 8uh6»k Ass- 
siBHT, on the Moselle, nnpretcndinB, — P™ii™ ffoH™, i-BjC; Pi«i. Wald- 
/rfxbn (gee below). K. » ^, B. 60 pf., D. lVr2i/t. pena. M .J. — Dilitma 
to Berti^ch {p. 186) Iwice dally in I'l, bi,. starting from the rallwar-itatlon 
ot Bullay (l^re 9i pf); alio OmnOui ssvenl times a day; diligence to 
(13>/t H.) Lnlierath In. IST) ever; morning. — t^arriosc to the Marienbari! 
and back t^; to Bertrieb, with one borsBfi^, two bone* T .4. 

Alf, a village with 1300 inhab., well suited for a stay, lies at 
the mouth of the picturesque valle; of the Alf, on the left bank of 
tbe Moselle, opposite Rallay, to which a ferry plies (carriages 
cross the bridge mentioned above). — The road from Alf to tbe 
Xaiienhnrg [2 M.) ascends behind the Pen^. Nollen to the Pension 
Waldfrieien (see above; view), passes the view - platform (tine 
panorama) on the Prlmenkopf (20 pf.), and then follows the narrow 
ridge (fine view on both sides). 

\.-^ The TUriwibnrB (377 ft. ; Ratauranl, very fair, pens. iijiJl'), 
viith the ruins of a castle said to have once eilsted here , or of the 

196 HvutfJS. BEKTKICH. Tht HoatlU from 

uunneiir etecud on the sama Bpot In 1146, Is oae of tlie Sneat 
points on the MoBolle. The Tiew embiaces the wooded and Tlne-elMl 
slopes of the Hoselle, the smiling illlagei on its buiks, the 
snmmits of the Hausiuck and the Eifel, and two detached reaches 
of the river, resemblln; lakes. 

PleuBDl walk) may be taken fmin tha Harieaburc to Kerl (p. 198) 
or oitT tbe Bari iWVi f> .) to Eaiml (p. 199). — As Alt lies al tbe lower 
end of a drenit of Ti/i K. described by tbe HogeHe, atevnbott-ptsieDgerB 

tmrg, and rsfiiin Ihe iteamer at Piliiilerich {^t br. in all), Tbe atuinar 

A Hne route, but oae not eaiilT followed witbout a goide. dHcanda 
hoDi Ibe Harlenbnn; to the Talltf of tHi Alf and Bvlrieh !•/. br.-, >se 
heloK). From Ibe 'Schdne Aimgicbt' ud lb!e route a path leads to the 
cbapel on the KtUer Salt (view), wbence we maT deaceod to Piinderich 
Station (p. 19T). 

Fbom Alf to BlKTHlCH, b^i M. The road at Urst ascends the 
romantic ViUley oftktAlf, between the SoUig and Ihe PrJnienJcop/', 
;ind then, at (l^/j M.^ the 'Fabrik Alf (now a rope-walk), ascends 
the valley of the Veahaeh. At tbe top of the hill lie the ruina of 
Bnrg Arras, s^d to hate been built by Abp. Robert of Trtives in 938 
for a chaicoal-bniDer and Ms two sons, who bad disttDgalshed them- 
seWea by their courage in the destruction of a band of HnngarianB. 

Bertiieh. — Hateli. -PiTs, connected with tbe Oorhanj, B. 3-4, B. 1, 
^ " " " ' - , B. 3-31/,, D. ai/i, poni. horn 

. Ll'/i-a, 

, u. i. pena. M .< ; TaiMa, B. l»/,-3, pen.. I^Jl, Vitu Manoaa, tt, 10- 
40 Jl weeklT, B. 1 Jl: BduEBain, peni. 4Vr& •Mi Vilu DiLLBxanaa, 
pens. iV"-B -«; HiUBAKBDi, pens. Bi/,-Ti/, J!; Makibiih6hb, li/, M. 
from tbe TlUi^, nen«. from X Jt. — Babmrtml «eAiH>ia-Aa>a. 

Oarriaga to Alf and Bnllay C. with (wo hoites S Jl. there and back 
6andS.4(,- two-borae carr. lo Pnl'ennaar 13, la Handeractaeid and back Si, 
Daun and Belvedere near Manderieheid 32. Daun and back 31-35 Jl. 

ViaiTois' Tax, 1 pars. 9, a familT 18 Jl. ■ 

Bertrleh (540 tt), a email watering-place with 400 Inhab., 
ilelightfally sltnated in a secluded valley, and visited annually by 
'2000 patients, may be described as a kind of modified Carlsbad, 
the waters ot which are specially efflcacious In gont, iheumstlani, 
and nervooe, liver, and intestinal complaints. The warm springs 
(90" Fahr.) contain Glaabet'a salts. Plaaasnt walks have been laid 
oat in all directions. On the Rvmtrkaitl, an eminence where the 
Soman relics now in the garden of the bath - establiahment were 
found, is a small Protestant chapel. 

The road to Lutzerath through the valley of the Vei oroBset that 
stream about '/g M. from the Oat-Garten, To the left, beyond the 
b ddge, IB the Elftn-MuhU (restaurant). Ascending to the left hefore 
reachingjiche mill, and after 90 paces following the lowei path to 
the right , we reach the *K&skeUei ('cheese-cellar'), a grotto com- 
posed of basaltic columns, each formedof 8oi9Hpherolcla,re8emblinf 
Dutch cheeses. Near it is a WaUrfaU, 16 ft. in height (often dry 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Coblem to Trivti. PONDERICH. 96. Route. 1! 

in snmmei}, crosEed by a graceful bridge. A basaltic etream of 1b 
la Tlsible In esTeial places In the bed of the Uecbaeh. 

Pleuant walks maT be Wkeo from ihe Kiiaksllsr to tbe (1 hr.) Bmi 
burg! to Uu ll'h, br.) XtitalhiEk 11I>S5 It; retregtamenU at tbt aAjau 

(>^hr.) EitnharitltuI , on Uu utb leading from the Rodelheek to I 
Booth o( the Ueabaeh Isee p. 196(; lo (S'^ M.) paaitrieA (see below) ; > 
to C3 H.) SprlOflribacli (see below). 


tllomilre-itone 9.3, diverge here to Ihe right by the o: 
30 min.) the second DrQU-road, and follow the foolpatl 

seldom exceeds 48° Fahr. The rocks are thickjf covered with yellawlsh 
red moss and lichens. Ihe BummittshelteT-hut] affords an eitensive view 
of the Toleanlc peaks of theBifcli the hiebest are IhsHohe Acht (p. lOS), 
the Ndtburg (p. 1C% wilh a tawer on its aununit, and the Hohe Kelborg 
(3130 ft.); to the JJ.W. tbe prospect is clrcnmscribed by the long isolated 
rWge of the Hosenberg (p. 308) , a little to the left of which risea the 
Nerolhsr Kopf with iti rnia (p. 306). A lery steep path descends to Ibe 
highroad on the side of the bill opposite to that by which we ucended. 
As the starling-paini for a Visit to ike Eipcl (p. 302), Berlrlcb is 
better adapted for Urlvera (carr,, p. 166) than for walkers, as Ihe first 
part of the rouU is rather fealureless. From the Blfen-lKlhla Ihe road 
BScends to tbe left to O'h H-) SmUAetm. and then follows the riibe to tbe 
right to (311.) SlrotilHltci. From StrotibQssb we may follow tbe road for 

(>/3 If.) Fu'lMPmaar (p. 20^). — Walkers may dsicend to the H. foom 

la about i% if. 7} 

Bailway fbou Bdliat to TEGTE9. Beyond Bullay the ti&in 
RTosaes tbe Moselle by the double bridge mentioned at p. 195, and 
penetrates the Printenkapf (f. 190) by a curved tunnel, 480 yds. 
in length, wtiich emerges upon the river above PQnderleh(p. 199), 
Tbe railway ia neit carried along tbs bill by an imposing viaduct 
with 92 archei, each 34 ft. wide. — 387: M. PDndsiieb, the station 
for the Tillage on the right bank, 1 i/fM. farther down (p. 199 ; ferry). 

Fboii FChdibich to Tb>bis. 7H., branch-railway In V'br. (fare) TO, 
IGpr.). 1 M. am (p. lOSli 2 M. Burg (p. 199|; V/i M. EnUrch (p. 199); 
T K. Trabtn-Trartach (p. 199). 

Beyond Funderlch the train quits the river, and enters tbe 
Alflhal by means of another tunnel (D30 yds.) through the Btiler 
Hall. (The Tslley of the Moselle is regained at Schweich, p. 19tt.) 

To the right in the Altthal, half cont^aled by the trees, is seen 
the church of the old canonry ot SpringiribiKh, founded in 1107, 
but rebuilt in the Italian style of the 18th century. Adjacent Is 
Nieolay'B Inn (pens. 31/3 Jl). To the N. Is the beautiful Kondtl- 
viatd, traversed by a path aJong the Signal to Bertrleh (p. 196). 
The line ascends the Alfthsl, psit (42 M.) Bmgel and Kinderbmrm 
(Wlrz), and beyond a tannal 635 yds. tn length reaches — 

lyy Route &5. ZELI.. The MoulU from 

44 M. Uenig (Babiihof-Hatel), 2M. from the rilUge of th&t name 
oiJ the Moaelle 1^. 200), to which an omnibus mns twiae dilly. 

The train nov dsBcendi into the valley of the LUht. 

From (471/2 M.) WengerohT a branch-line [2Vi M., in iO rnin.) 
runs to Wittlich ('WfU. R. 13/.. B. Vt. D. 2, pens. 1^2-6 Jt ; 
'Traube, R. lVir2, B.»/4-l,, pens. 4-6^; to.™, similar 
piices), a district-town nith 4100 inhsb., pretUly situated on the 
Lleser. Pleasant walks maybe taken to the Pteintr M&hU, K\au>wald, 
Affevherg (^0 'm\n, ; Kestaniant Fhilippabnrg}, etc. — Diligence to 
Mandencheid, see p. 210; toUimmitod andEaenacAmiW, see p. 212. 

From Wenq»iioiir to Bkrbc.stkl, 10 M., local ri>(i"— i" x-i h' 
Tbe trsio descends tlie tine-dad valley of the Lieai 
5 M. BUbKaon, ■•-- -■- '- ■'-■—' ■■' - ■-- 

«««• fl reachei _ .,, _. ... 

is,: MI), opposite (10 H.) JemtMlsl (f. 200J. 

The Lieser ia ciossed. To the right lie tbe hamlet a[ Buriekeid 
and the Tillage of Altrick, to the left the HaardUr Hofe. Beyond 
Clie watershed between the Lieser and the 8alm we reach — 

52 M. SalmrohT, If/gH. from which ia the pilgrimage -resort 
EbeTardt-Cliatsfa, an old abbey with an Interesting church (carved 
altar of the second half of the 15th cent.), — 57 M. Betterath 
(630 ft. i Paltrer). 

59 M. rohrm. — 62 M. Sekweidi (steamb. eUL; Denhart), 
1 M. i>om the station, on theMoaelle. Tbe train then passes through 
tbe tannel of I'lel, 850 yds. in length. — 64 M. Quint, with an 
iron-work (p. 202). — 65 M. Ehrang (Dmbach), a ststion on the 
Eifel railway (p. 207), is also connected with TiSves by a branch- 
line (5 M.) passing Binrer and PaUim (p. 188). The Moselle railway 
crosses the Tivet beyond Pfaltel, and rescbes — 

69 M. Trives, see p. 182, 

The Koielle from Alf to Trbvei. 

The distance from Alt to Treves by the river is about 62 M. 
The first place passed by the sMamboat after leaving Alf la Aterl 
(Croff, well spoken of), on tbe right bank, 2M. above Bnllay (p. 196). 
At tbe lower end of the village rise the 'Elstbnrm', belonging to 
the former fortifications, and the Severinathnrm, a clock-tower of 
the deattoyed cbnrch ot that name. — R.E. (1^**1, farther on) 
CoTTOy, a suburb of — 

ZeU (steamb. slat.). — HutBls. Fieb, wiih lerrate, B. H/i-SVi, B- 1, 
I), ai/j. pons. 1-B jr very fdr; KiioEBHor, B. 2-!'/:, B. 'I,. D. frnm !>/,, 

lo Bnllay, 60 pf.'j dllige^cs" l^ttnderfeli?'' 

'Zeli, a district-town vrlth 2700 inhab., anrrounded by remains 
ot old walla, presents an attractive picture and Invites to a prolonged 
sUy. TheinteTeatingo1d£l«t!(aralCndtc(iuwaabnlltiDl643. Hand- 
some new Town Hall. Fine view from tie HoehcoUis (R.) and ftom 
the Tiummftop/". — Opposite (ferry) lies — 

CoUnu to Trivti. TRAKBACH. 25. Routt. 199 

L.B. Kairrtt, whence > plctoresqne path leads Blong the baae 
of the Bui to (1 In.) the Marlenlturg (p. 196). 

B.B. Briedtl (_ScbneldeT), Domminding a good, view of tbe S. 
and W. sides of the Hsrienbiug. 

B,B, PUnderieh (rail, atat, aee p. 197; Eallfelz, anpretendlng], 
a pictnresqnely-eltnated Tillage. Opposite tbe ateamboat-pler la 
tbe patb mentioned at p. 106, wblcb ascends to the Marienbnrg in 
1/4 br. Farther on, high ap on tbe left bank, ate tbe month of the 
Prinnenkoff Tunnel ^p. 197) and tbe Tiadnct of the railway, which 
then enters the Alftbal (p. 195) by the Beiler Tnnnel. 

E,B. HeittJrei, l'/,M. above Pundeilch, is the churchyard of 
the Tillage of Rtil (railway, see p. 197; Nahlbach-Mflnicb), wblch 
lies a little higher up on tbe opposite bank. Beyond Reil the left 
bank 1b very steep. 

R.B. Burp. — R.B. aiiircA{Aaker, R. 1 Vj-^, D. 1 '/a Jl, B. 60 pf. ; 
SteffeoBberg, both (air), a large village , named Ankaracha In tbe 
earlicBt docnmonts. Good wine 1b raised on the Stephansberg. 

L.B, Kovtnick , a small gronp of bonses , bnilt chiefly with 
the ruins of Montroyal (see below). — L.B. LUtig. 

On tbe top of tbe lofty rocks to tbe left (R.B.) lies Starkenburg, 
with the iHtns of a castle, Id which, about the middle of the 14th 
cent., the ConDtess I.anrette Ton 8 taikenbnrg detained Archbishop 
Baldwin of TrSTes in capttTlty for an attempted Infringement of 
her rights, until he paid a large ransom for his liberation. To the 
rifht rises the Trabmtr Btrg (803 ft.), on tbe flat top of which are 
traces of the fortress of Montroyal. constructed by Louis XIV. In 
1686, but demolished in 1697 In pursuance of the Treaty of 
Ryswyck. Tbe hill commands a beautiful view. — At the apes 
of the curve which the river makes round this hill He — 

L.B. Traben (rail. aUtion, see p. 197) and (R.B.) Tratbaoh. 

Bstda (generaJljr well ipoken oQ. Al Traben: K«ibkihof, at the 
rftllway-taUon, E. A B. from aVj. D- ^-2'/i. pens, from ii/i -*i l>a»(.*Ku, 
plainer. — Airrariaeh: ADOir, with veranda on IheMoseile, R.&B.V/t, 
D. 3, e. iVi, peot. i'lrVhJIi fenttavna, K. t B, m D. 2, 8. l"/i, pena. 
i^'I^JIi IUbx, oniherojidto ibe Wildbad, neir. — ktstaDTUt. BrSckcn- 
laJml:; dd lbs rigbt bank, a qnaint sstablisbmeDt, witb view-terriee 
(fO«d wine), — Cmmo, at Trarbach, eood wine (intrndnclion required). 

Traben and Trarbaeh, each with about 2500lQbab., most of 
whom are Protestants (comp. p. 19t), are connected by a bridgti 
(toll 5 pf.) built in 1899. Both have a large trade in wine, and tbe 
number of new buildings bears witness to their prosperity. Nearly 
ftll the old bouses In Trarbaeh were destroyed by a flre in 1857. — 
On the hUl above Trarbah (reached in 20 min.) is the ruin of the 
Orafinbarsi, bnllt, according to the legend, by Countess Lanrette 
Ton Starkenburg vritb tberansom of Archbishop Baldwin (see abovef. 

At Trarbaeh open! the Katilmiaeh-Tliiii, • valley anclOHd by wooded 
and rocky ilopea, in which ii the small but wsLl-equlpped Vildbad 
Traibacb (pens. M'^ Jl, with reitauianl). with tbermal bathi prescribed 
in raaei of gonl. About ]■/, H. farther up ia Ibe nlder Bad W>ldiltin 

200 Eoutt ?5. BERNCA3TEL. TU Mosdk frtm 

tEiua'i Inn. E. rrom 3, B. Vi, O. 2, pens, from fi J), supplied from the 
nmn sprtDEB. Omnibuj lo Trabtn nation. — We mij follow the »«UBy 
to Ihn lUltge of Isai/tamp aod deicend Ibrongh the Tiefenbuh-Tlul [p. 201) 
to Berncutel (In nil 3i/i hra.). or we laiT criua the hill trDm Trubkoh lo 
Bernculel dltecl (3 H.i Cirriue from Tnrbuh through (he two TftlleTe 
to Bemeutel 12 M. 

At Traibach begins the distilct of the 'Upper Moselle', whlcb 
produces the 'ZeltlngerSchloMberg', 'BenicaBteleiDoctoi','Bi*aDe- 
betger', uiil othei liighly 'prized vartetiee of Hoselle wine. 

L.B. Slitbach. — R.B, Wolf. The mine on the hill ne tboee 
of a moDMtery. 

L.B. CzitHZur Qrafinburg, a npretanding) possesses an inter- 
eeUng hslf-tlmboTed house with two oriel- windows. 

L.B. KMieim (Echtelnacher Hof). 

R.n. Kindel. — R.B. LSienieh. — R.B. Erdm, noted for it« 

On the left bank, belon Uenig, ie a tower ballt lota the red 
sandstone lock , formerly a castle , afterwards a hermitage, known 
as the Michaets-Lei or Nicolaut-Lei. 

R.B. OerziK {"Pott), a place of some importance, which once 
poBsessed an Independent JnrlBdiction. It is 2 H. from the station 
mentioned at p. 196, the road to which flr8t aBceods somewhat 
steeply and then descends (diligence in '/j hr. ; omnibos 50 pf.}. 

R.B. Raehiig. — L.B. Uachem, once a nnnnary. 

R.B . Zeltingen (Post ; M. Stroh ; Ntyies}, celebrated for Its wine. 
The whole of the slopes ftom Rachtlg to Berncastel are covered with 
vineyards, the beet those on the Schlo$sbeTg, 

L.B. Wtblen. — R.B.OraocA (Velten). Adjacent to the ohnrch 
ia a former consent. The Uariinihof, or Jottphiliof, a little lower 
down, the Jlimmelrtieh. and the KiriMti all prodace esteemed 
varieties of wine. 

K.B. BemeMtel. — HotsU. -Dkei Kohioi, well aituited on the 
left hank, near ite Ones Hospilal (p. 5UI), new, G. fiB. Wrl, D. 3'ft, 
S. I'/i, pens. 5-T Jli Poii, K. 4 B, li/rS, pens. 4Vi-B Jl; Hokibohrb Kaisib, 
R. I'/i-S, B, eO pt., peuB. 3'/i-5 Ul. - Barg LavdiHut, restaurant with wine 
and beer; Manila, wine-rooin al Ihe Cuea station. 

Btrncastel {3G0 ft.), a prosperous town with 2300 inhab., carries 
on a large trade in wine and offers one of the most attractive pictures 
on the Moselle. The quaint old town is for the most part crowded into 
a narrow slde-valley. In the market-place are the Rathhaui, uin- 
tainlng three ancient drinking-cups, and the old FiUory. At the 
upper end of the town, on the river, are the new Diilricl Officei, 
A sunny path ascends to (20 mln.} the rained electoral oaetle of 
Lnndthut, now the property of Emp. William, which commands a 
beautiful view of the Moselle and of the picturesque valley of the 
Tiefenbaeh (key of the tower at the hotels ; 30 pf.). Several other 
points of view ha-ve recently been made accessible by promenadeB. 
The wines known as 'Bemcasteler Doctor' and 'Badstub' are much 








nbich mn 
BD inth 
^ chspel, 



d t» tb« Hub 


Coblaa la Triw.i. 
Tbe TiafenlMch-Thia, I 

W, hr.) *«)^<IJ (new) I . 

cutel to Tnibkch over the hill tHe u.eibucs i~ o n. 

A LouAL Stiambs plies on Mon., Wed., Thurs,, A 3«t. botweec Bern- 
cutcl and Tiivu, leaving th« former In tbe mornmg. Itae Utter In tbe 
nflernono (tore 3 or H/i JK). — A r»ilw»i eloDj tbe right bmli la projected. 

BemMstel ie connected by »d iion bridge with — 

L.B. Cue) , tbe birthplace of the learned Cardinal NicoUns 
Cnunni (d. 1464), who (onnded a hospital beie uid bequeathed 
to It hlH library, containing BOme lalnahle MSS., a number ot 
Codlcee, and raie old impreselona. The hospital owns aeveial of 
the Tlneyarda In the nelghbonrhood. New Protestant chnreh. Ones 
is tbe terminus of the biancb 'rail way mentioned at p. 198. 

R.B. Andel. — L.B. Lieier{TAeba; Baum), a vell-buitt Tillage 
at the month at tbe brook or that name. 

R.B. Mihlhtim CFiaeher, TOiy fair, R. & B. 2, D. IV2, pena. 
3Vs •^), ^ Tillage of some importance, at tbe entranee to tbe 
picturesque Veldmt ValUy, with Burp Vtldtnt and the Tillage* of 
VeUeru (Bouler) and Thai Veldent. 

R.B. Duiemond. — R.B. Nev-FUan. — R.B. Fihen. 

L.B. The BrauneJerif, famone for its wine {p. iJLlit). At the 
upper end of the Brauneberg, on tbe hill, lies Atonttl, below which, 
on a small headland, ia fCetUn (Llcht, plain but very fair ; footpath 
in lV4lir. toPlsport, sea below). Tbe hllla of OhUgiberg mA Neu- 
lerg, on the other hank, Ueo produce eicellent wine. 

B.B. WinUrich, beyond which the rocky alopee of tbe OtitriUi 
approach cloaa to the river. 

L.B. Xinheim. at tbe apes of ■ sharp cnire in the rlTer. 

R.B. R«in>porl (Furhe). A little Inland Ilea SUdcnmmtl, 
destined to be a atatlon on the new railway. — R.B. Muilert. 

L.B. PUparl, tbe ancient Pingontitu Fortai, baa been for een- 
tariea famous for its wine. Hence rii Clau'tn to tbe rail. stat. of 
Saimrohr [p. 198J, B'/a "■ 

L.B. Ftrrei, tbe Boveriit of andent ohirtera, ^/4 M. abOTe 

A little bigber up , the Thnm. a rapid atrenm aboundlne in fish, 
llona tnta the Hoselle on tbe left. Tbe village of TJirim or fiArim (Fellen), 
In ita narrow valley, ia noted for lis wine {'Hofbetger'). 

R.B, ITenmagen (Neumagaier Hof; Hoffmann), the Roman ^0- 
viomagui, where Conatantlne had a palace, mentioned by Ausoulna. 
Eiteniive BieaTatione made in 1877-86 near tbe church (a build- 
ing of 1190) ahowed that a large and strong fortress was after- 
wards constrDct4)d on the site of tbe palace as a protection against 
the aggression of the Germanic tribes. Many Roman tombstones (now 
at TrttTes, p. 186) were used in the foundations. 

L.'B. TriUenKeim, with a bandsome church, tbe birthplace of 
Johann Tritbemina, the historian (d. 1516). 

202 Bouec 28. VOLCANIC ET7EL. 

R.B. Leitcen. — R.B. KSvierich. — L.B. Cliiisemth tl'raiit), 
at the month of the Salm, 41/; M. from Hetzerath [p. 196). 

K.B. 'niomidi. — R.B. Detttm ('ad deeimom', i.e. the tenth 
Roman milestone from TrAveB}. Opposite, — 

L.B. Entch. —L.B. Schleieh. — L.B. Polieh, where remiine of 
B Bomsn Tills htve been exeayated. — L.B. Mehring. m old place. 
— L.B. ImtkA. — L.B. Longen. 

A little inland on the right bank, between the last-named two 
Tillages, on the side of the hill , lies Rial , the Rigodvlum of 
Taclttis , where the Roman general Cerealis conquered the rebel' 
lions Treveri, and toot their leader Valentinns prisoner, A.D. 70. 

R.B. tonjioic/i (Sonntsg), prettily sitnateil. — R.B. Kiricli, 
nearly opposite SchiDtirh (p. 198). 

L.B. Between Issel and Ehrang (p. 198) la the lion-foundry of 
Ou'»t ('ad qointnm', i.e. 5 Roman miles from Treves). 

B.B. fiuiDw (Longen); In the valley of tho brook of that name, 
through which ascends the railway fromTr^Tes to Herme)ktii(^Syt., 
in 2V2 hra. ; H6l Wagner; Post), lie Grfinftous and Catel , both 
famed for theli wine. 

L.B. Pfalttl (Palaiiolum), where Adela, (laughter of King 
Dagobert L, founded a nunnery In 655, 

TriTei, see p. 182. 

, The Volcanic Eif«l. 


e Ehin^ind the 

Boer, ivbaut U 
the Soft* EifEl 

M iTlM 

glh, and 26 M. 

in breadth. Th. 


. part ia called 


denau and Ke] 

iau the Hoh. A. 

*t (MID ft; p. 



and Ihe EKosberg (236B 

ft., p.:&);lh 

E W. pari ie thi 

■Ji„e<fd if.,. Schn 

ee-Eifel), in Ih 

8 oeiKhb. 

mrhood ofPni 

m(p. 306); and 

e S. purl ii the 

or Volca 

n« .BO-tl. "t. 


.e Eljine tLMclie 

I 8«?S."l01).i 

.nd embr 

Kinir Oeroletel. 

i, Dann, lUnilet. 

heid (p. 210), and Bertricta (p. 

19S), The Vordar-Ei 

fel ia vary pic. 

, aniJ is also i 

ological point 01 

ars of former 

Eh 119 tho Btreanu of laTft, .lag-h 

111., 'Maa 

^ters'fliled wiSi 

.ter, etc- Comp. 


11 'c<E Etftf CCologae, 

1900; 2 J>) aod 



h dit Vtrda-Hft 

ij- (and ed., 1888; 

e aSoided by 

'Id th« VoJcaoJ 

ifiT, by KalhaHii. 


llu..i 1896). 

a. Bailway fiom Cologne to Trtvet. 

tl2 K. B>Ti.niT in bV, hra. (fares U Jl tO, 10 UT SO, 7 ^ 90 pf.). 

Colognt, see p. 26. As far as (6'/{ M.) Kaltcheuren the line 
follows the direction of the Left HhenUh Railway (U. 10); it then 
tnms to the right, and intersect* the Vorgebirge (p. 80). 10 M. 
KitTbtTf! 133/1 M, LibloT, Junction for light railways to Euabiichen 
|p. 203) and Uarrem fp. 15); 17l/jM. WeiUrtwi$t, the station for 
Vrrnirhi "21 M. Dirkum. 

c. Google 

c. Google 


MflNSTEREtPEr,. 26, RnuU. 203 

24V:tM. Bukinliaii (500 ft.; Rhtiniacher Hof, K. & It. 3-4, 
i>. 2i/i Jf; Trmibt), ■ Kva of 10,200 inhtb., with cloth-fsctoiies, 
liMon theSi/t. It is the jnnctlonof the GolDgoe Hoe with brsoihes 
to DttiSD aod Bonn. 

fkOK BoaiuiDus TO DSkkh, ISi/iH., nOwsj ia'k-i hr-lt^iti 2 Jl iO, 
lj|:flO,ljriOpf.).-eM.Zillpioh{jr«iMrSoAE.4B.S'/,-2i/,j»J, »L»ncieni 
town (3100 Inhsl).), the Soman Toloiacum, whera in 496 Ibe Alemwil vers 
defenled bj the Frankj, in coniaqnonc* of which viotory Cloiril hecKme 
II cODierl to GhdjtiuiitT, The btndsoiiie Ronuieaqiie chorcb ot 81. Filtr 
datu from the nth and i2ih eeniariea. — ISi/i K- BSrm (set p. 11). 

Fko» Eoik.roh.j( to Bobh, 31 M., railway in ly, hr. (feres 2 JT 80, 
H Jl 10. t Jl iO pt.}. - The line crosaea Ihe a-A 21t. Cuchiahiim: i'/ilt. 
Odendorf. Ahont 3 M. to the 3.E. ot O'/i M J Rlutobaci {Wildmtel ; Kauth , 
R. i-I'/i JI) riies the Tombirg, with b mined eaaUe, the roond tower ol 
which dUes from the 13th or Uth cent. (view). — 10>/i M. Meekenheim 
(Del/, EicMen. both well spoken of), a village with SOOO inhah., once fDrti- 
I!ed. — 31 M. fionn, see p. St. 

FioM BuaKiBCHBH TO McHSTisxiFEi., S'/j H., TsUway In >/i hr. (raru 
00, eO, 80 pf.), — Kanittreitel |91B fl.. ffliWrond, It. « E, 2Vi-3'/i, D. I'/i, 
8. I'/i, pens. 3V,.B Uf; i-oi:, bolS very fair), a small town C^TOO inhab.) 
pretlilT silsateil on Ihe Sr/I. has a late-Komanesque church of the ISlh 
cent., with an older crynl and a good monument of the lllli century. The 
old walls and gales of the lown arepicturesq^^e. - About 6 K. to iha S.B. 
of Mnnitereifel (beyond AodirO rises (he basaltic IKehelAir} ilSSU ftl, 
wilh a pilgrima^-cfaapel and Bob view. 

To the Tight rises the pictuiesque old uBtlo of Vcynau. 29'/s M. 
Satzvey!33tS. MecheTnich(2S&lt.; Schwan), to the left of which 
are extensive lead-mines and foundiies, with tall ehimoeye, one 
440 fL high. Beyond a tunnel, the line steadily ascends. 

391/1 M. Call (1245ft.; Nessgen; Reinhard), a village with 

Pioii Call TO HsLLiHTHaL, lO'/tU., railway Id 1 br. — 3ViU. OimStid 

impaling mini of the caalle 01 Rtiff4rtchHd, mentlaned as early ai 97B, Ibe 
anculral seal of Ihe FFincei and Cunnts of Salm-KeilTerscbeld-Dyck. — 
lO'/j M, milcnihal ISchlnok), picluresijuely situated on Ihe Olef. 

42 M. Vrfl (Schaeider). The old PiemoastrateDaian abbey of 
Sleinfcld, (onnded In the 10th nent, and now a retoimatory, lies 
1 M. to the S.W. (not lisible); the chuich is large and well-pre- 
served. ~ 45 M. Netteriheim (1480 ft.J, on the Urf t. 

491/2 M. Biat^enhtim (1640 ft.% which lies 21/2 M. from the 
station (diligence thrice dally; ElfelotHoO, is situated in a narrow 
valley to the E., with the picturesque ruins otthe ancestral castle 
of the knights of Blankenhelm , built in the 12th oentary. The 
remains of a large Roman villa were dlecovered here in 1891. The 
Ahr (p. 97) rises at Blank enheim, where its sources ate enclosed 

The line continues to ascend, untU at (62 M.) SehmidtUim 
(1826 ft.) , with an old chttesD of Connt Beyssal, it crosses the 
waterslied between the Urtt and the beantlfnl "Valliy of tlie Kylt, 

204 Route 26. GEROLRTEIN. B/'rf. 

nhicli it eiitei3 at l^i)?'/: M:) Junittralh (1420ft. ; Ereifch; Biink- 
muin), the station for Stadtkyll (Post], 3 M. to tbe W. JQakenth, 
which possesBea a luge foundry and an extensive Tuiiied<»Btle, prob- 
ably occupies the aite of the Roman etation Icerigium. — 60 M. 
Ltfiendorffi^Wlt.). The train deacends, passing between this point 
and Ti^iee over 44 bridges and viaducts, and through 10 tunnels. 
63 M. HmMbeim (1290 ft. ; Kloep, Fa>en, both verT f^), a 
small tovn with 1200 Inhab., 3 M. to the E. of the station. The 
(1 M.) Kylltr Hohe commands a beautiful Ttew. 

V/i hr. We deadend the vaJley o! the Kjll lo (20 min.) KidimiUiiftn 
and (■/, hr.) Bcaineia. We then take tbe tootpalh lo the lell, bejund 
tbe .iBnal-man-» hal. and aicend lo H/i hr.) the top. 

Fbom Hillubheib to Adkhao b7 road, lH/t It Tbe bast plan la to 

HVi H.J NitirreM (Sctniili), wll'h an old conrent-church contalnlsg in- 

jVdAMr il-am, the Fu'in and waterfaU of Drtim^Men, and Mailt (Vasan). 
Vioia Ahiiiie wo follow ihe vallej of the Ahlmch lo (i/j hr.) tbe piotur- 
esqne min of Stii-Blanlenhrim, Hence we aioead b; a patb to tbe rlebt 
tE.) 10 Ihe l}lt hr.) Mohn road, foUow lhl> lo K<rmi,dicliHd, and eltbeF 
take tbe road to the rlebt vit Wirfl and Bonncralh or proceed lii Bar- 
atair (SorvatinS), WirltnKltnd, and XHrburg lo Adtnau (p, 101); or we 
may go I'll ATHatihr and Aranbire (o DampHf€li (p. 103). 

The most interesting part of the line begins betow Hillesheim. 
The valley, which is fertile and weU-coltlTated, is enclosed by pre- 
cipitoua and partly-wooded limestone rocks of most picturesque 
forms. To tbe right of the village of Pelm (•Bahnbof-Hfilel; Briti; 
sUtion on tbe An dernach railway, IV4M.totheN. E.of Gerolstein; 
see p. 206), famed for its 'Geiolsteiner Schlosebronnen' waters, rises 
a wooded hill (1560 ft.) crowned with tbe ruined CoaMUuiy (ascent 
by the road from the Ryll bridge In 20-25 min., ^m the Hillesheim 
rail, station in IY4 hr.), once the ancestral castte of tbe knights of 
Castelberg. The main tower, 164 ft. high, eommands a eplendid 
view of tbe Kyllthal and tbe Eifel. The key is kept at the forester's 
opposite (rfmts.). 

Tbe /'rnentaul (p. 305) mav be reached from the foreiler-i bouse in 
m mJn.t near it li a aUlaetiU cavern, known al the BuAmJocA, 1b which 
some c«IOMal foaiUlsed boues were lalely fonnd. From the FapeBkaal wa 
deacend to Gernlstein In Vi br., pasaing tbe llme-lree menljoned below. 

The valley of Oin, to Ihe S.t. of Pelm, abonnda in foiaila. 

6& M. Geialatein. — Hotel- P/i M. from tbe station); 'Post, wilb 
ireranda, restanranl, and garden; Hbck, E. « B. 2-31/,, d. H/j-iVt ■*, "ery 
feirvfaaoMtaiN, B.^lVrm »-iV.^.^"Pje>™^^^^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ 

GeraltUln (1230 ft.), with 1300 inhah., one of the most pictur- 
esque places in the Elfel, is situated on the aide of a rocky blU, and 
commanded by a ruined castte, built by Gerhard von Blsnkenheim 
in 1115, and afterwards in the possession of the Coants of Mander- 
scheld. The Ca»tU, reached from the statiOD in 1/4 br., past the 
chDrch, and then to the left, affords a flne view of the Kyllthal 
and the lava- formations on the opposite side. The beat view of 


PKiJM. as. Bouie. 205 

Geiolsteln Ittelt ia obtained ttem the Linden- Strasee, a few hnndied 
p&ces teyond > Urge and venereble lime-tree, on the footpath to the 
jHwnlcr La/, reached in b min. from the Kjrll bridge b; croiaing 
the nilvay. The view ^m the (20 mln.) fl*g-slsfl, higher up, is 
more eitenelTe bnt leai pictOTeBqae. Still farther ap ia the Papen- 
kanl (18^ ft.), > ■mill extinct crater, from which a narrow stream 
of laya deaoends by a grauy valley on the N. side into the Kyllthal 
(from the Papenkavt to the Casaelburg ■/; hr. ; red Tfay-matka). 
The eotlre Deighbonrhood of GerotstelD is very interesting in ■ geo- 
logical point of ileir. Besides the Toleaolc formations, aqueoas lime- 
stone, containing innumerable fossii shells, slaooccara. The best 
known- of the unmeions mineral tprings are the Florabnmnea , the 
Spntdtl, and the Baraabrunnen, the water of which is freely ex- 
ported. — The volcanic Ditlunlcy (1905 ft.), 3 M. to the S.. near 
Bflscheich, commauda an eitenaiveview. — Railway from Gerolatetn 
to Doun and Andemach, see p. 209, 

FaoH OaRDLBTKi™ id 8t. Vith, »»/, M,, by the 'Hnlie-Vcnn-Bihn-, 
railway In Si/i Ln. Tba chisf intermedtaUiUtiDD is(le K.)Pr<m(U00tt.| 
eoUaHraiem,V.. IVi. pent, t'/r^-'.' Salterlutf, mm. 9^, Bitnated on the . 
braok of that name, altbea. CDdotlbe ScAniifit(p.Ml). anciently tba seat 
of a Benedictine abbey foundod by the MiTOTineians Id 730, and onca in tb« 
eajoyineot of political indepeadcDce, but rappreiortl by the Freneb In 1801. 
Pop. 2B00. Tbs church, cont^nlae tba tomb of Lothalre I. (d. 8U), date^ 

-36V.M, 81 

rm. a 

n old town w 

>h 20U0 in- 

hab., I< tbB Junction of lin 

(i-lo-faojwIM (»e p. 13) 

DMiBU™ (L 


Waltm «hoaia cbooie 

the Old Eu 

M aiHOLSTin 

(10 M.), wblrb divcrgM 10 

w road at til 

npper end 

nf itim (p, 2041. It awanJ 

rapidlj- and 

DOn reaebu lla Ugb 

eM point at 

(he ScharMerg (2330ft.) tn 

T). -hence tb 


(TfF C«63 n.) • 

he 8., tbelat 

ler eve 

more diitlnclli rscognis- 

able than the former a.. « 

. The cii- 



1 of' "a™ A 

out 100 ft. 

dueend tow 

rda the V. 

S.,an^E, Thelmodbe 


.erad with 

'rapilli- (or 'l«pilir, gman 

a) and Yolcanic aaod, ia 

(raceablo by the occasional 

k through Its 


cOTarlnn , and ma; be eiamined la Iha 


in the di- 

s lylne one 

aboTe tba other is expow 

eon,!,l, of 

porous and bnl lliehUy del 

n baaaltic lav 

a; abo 

c.niV«nd'**' **"■'" 

u of rapiUl 

nd finally, 

nsit the imrfacc, baaalUc 

e a. is Iba 

ymllxr Eop/mKft.i. a 

,iU of »!*«■ cr 

caatle and 

d Kirc 

wBilar the h 

Uy road to 

the FiUberg, to the rlihl tba Rlmmtritli, two cratera with lata- streams), 
and NiumkiTchto. 

To the right, beyond Oerolstein , are the cutle-Uke rock of 
Auhwfg and the steep eraga of [the ifuntar X«!i{(see'abOTe). At 
Liningen are two caatlea, adjoining each other and ntill oecnpied. — 
74 H. BlrrciEom(1205ft,' Krone), a village of 1000 Inhab. on the 
right bank of theSyll, connected by a stone bridge with the railway 
Btstion on ^e left bank. About 1 '/i M. above the village ia situated 

^.)6 Uuule •-•«. KYLLBUKG. Eifet. 

the Mineral Sprifig of Birreiborti, the etrongest uid best-liDOiiD of 
the chalyheate apriaia of the Eifel. 

761/^ M. MUrUnbach (1060 ft.; Eiumpen), ■ TUU«e(]00Oinb>b.l 
with the luinE of & cuUe toundsd by the UeraviiiglaiiB aad lebullt 
ID the 17th century. — 78 M. D«n*6cm (1216 ft.), with two rained 
castles. The limestone-iocke aie doit sudceeded by luleg&ted Bind- 
stone. The line tnTergei i pleiMDt wooded ttact, and passea the 
vUlagea of Zendtcheid and Vttch and the snppiesaed Cistercian nnn- 
nery of 51. Thomtu, bnilt in 1186. The fine church was erected In 
the ttaDsition style about 1236. The train passes through a tantiel. 

SlVl M. 'KjUbtlg. — HotsU, •EtPBLEH Hot. 8 mlD. from itation, 
withTeranda, B. ItS, B, >A. 0.2, jtena. H/ri'/, Jl : Stuh, B. 1 -!■/,, B.>/.. 
D. I'lri. pens. l-4i/i Jl; Fust, R. I'/i JI, B. 60 pf, ; QEbohhs. — Et/it-Bai 
(OD (be Eoeipp Bfatem), pens. ^50 Jf ueeklr. 

JTyHfiurp (895 ft.), mother very picturesque place, with 1100 
iiihab., lies on an eminence partly enclosed by the Kyll. From the 
station we follow the road as far as the Eyll bridge and then, at 
the tannel, the steep main street to the Stem Inn. Hcuce we may 
ascend to the right to the HarimtauU (25 mln. ; key at the rail- 
way-station, 26 pf.). a tower affording a Bne view of Eyllburg. Ou 
a height to tjie left, reached by way of the 'Eifeler Uof, stands the 
handsome Gothic 8i(/TifcirtAe (1200 ft.), built in 1276, with good 
choir-stalls, iDteresting tombstone b , and stained glass of 1534, 
from designs aCtei Diirer (key kept at the parsonage, the last house 
to the right, opposite the old watch-tower). The adjacent cloisters, 
recently restored, and the chapter-bouse, to the E. of the cloisters, 
date from the 14th centnry. A pleasant promenade (indicated by 
a Unger-poet at the npper well, to the left) leads round the slope of 
the hill for abODt 2 M.j another, the 'Ringpfad', runs along aboie 
the left bank and is reached by crossing the bridge and keeping to 
the right. Fine view from the 'Wllaecker Linde', to the S., also 
reached by crossing the stream and turning to the tight. 

On a heigbt on Ibe Eyll, li/j H. ti> the tV. o[ KMIbur^, rices tbe 
ctiiiiesu of Malbirf, incorporated wiib an old cutle and comnumding a 
One view. 

Vil EUenielmMI a'hll.-, diligence) or viS Obirlail, BelUn/M. sorl Ibc 
ifounitri, to Msndersckcid, see p. 210. 

The train now pasass through a short tunnel and ctossea the 
Kyll. The brook here describes a circuit, which the railway cuts off by 
means ot the Wjiseefc Tunnel. — 88 M. Erdorf (785 ft. ; Veinard) 
is the station for Bitburg (4 M. distant; diligence sii times daily 
in 1 br.). 

The road to Bitburg criieses tbe Kvll. ImuiQdialelv beyond the bridge 
a Tond ludi to the rlgtil tn (2 V.) Flieisem ^Lioiardy), near wbicb, in 
tbe Odraae, are the remains of a Boman Tills with le'Cral fine Boaian 
mosaic paTEmente (fee to tbe keeper]. The Odranf is Vihr.'i walk from 
Krdort by the path dlvc^iog tu tbe left rrom tbe FUessem mad. 

Bitbnrj (lOCen.i PmI: Ja^va^mrlli) wm the £(dae Ficw ot the a.T- 
mani. and a station on their road from Trtrei to Cologne, r>erera] of the 
mileetonet of which have been fuand in the neighbonTbood. Pop. 3800. 

Eifel. MAIEH. ■:>6. Route. 207 

The line coDtinueB to follow the picCnTeeque wooded 'PalUy of 
tin Kyti, baoaded by eandstoDe'rocks. The brook now beosnea ni- 
ligBble for r&ft9. Tunnels and biidges tallow each other in rapid tuc- 
ceision, and numerous millB ue passed. At £ulti'niwn is a picturesque 
waterfall, 16 ft. high, but often sranty In gnmmei. 93 M. Philippi- 
btim (660 ft), the station for (IV^M.) Dudeldorf, with an old oastle. 
95 ti.Sptieher; the^illage, with important potteries, ties on the bill, 
l</2 U. to the E. 97 M. Auv>, with a pilgrlmage-cbDrch, erected in 
1708-46. — lOlVjM.Cordtl (480 ft.), with lareequarries,whete hun- 
dreds of tUnt-sx«s hvte been found. To the right of the slation rises 
the ruined castle at Ramttein, erected in the 14th century, — 10? M. 
EArciiv, the last station, lies at tfie junction of the Kyllthal with the 
valley of the Moselle, and 1b connecteii by a line of rails with the 
Qtiint (p. 202). Beyond Pfahet, the Mosells ie crossed; the etatlou 
of Treves Is »t tbe E. end of the town. 

112 m. IVJcci, see p. 182. 

b. Bftilwa; from Andimaeli to H^yen uid OerolRteln. 

SBi/jM. B.u,wir in .hoot 4 hr». {firoi &JI70, ajTBOpt,). 

FromAndernaGhto(9>/;M0 Jfi<'l<!rm«ndjg,seap,102. — IQi/j U. 
CotUnhtim (Eich; May). To the right is the Mayener BttUnberg, 
beyond which rises tbe Eitringcr BeUtnbarg (see below). 

147" M. Mftyen (780 ft; Kohlhaat, in the Markt, R. lt/j-2, 
B. 3/4, D. I'/a •*; AfuMer'f, both very fair), a town with 12,000 in- 
hab. , possesses a late-Gothic chnrch and a partly -preserved uaetle 
(Oenovtva-Burg, restored In 1893-94). To the N. of the sUtion are 
several lava-quarries, but nearer tLe snrface than those at Nieder- 
tnendig, and some of them partly open. 

Ths liva-beA in wliich Uiey are worked ii tbe outlet of tbe aneienl 
voluno of Eltrint'r Bellalberg (llOB ft.). I'/iM. I 
R, elda of the crater cufflmandB a fine view of the 

Md and />tJI»u belwaen Haven aud Anderaech, i 

A mom exteneire view Is enjoyed from tie BocAHmiur (iSlO ft.\ a 
from Kayen In 1^^ br-. vl£ St. Johamt. — A good road leade fnim Kayen 
to tbe N.W., tbroDcb the pretty valley 01' the Mette, tu (S H.) the well- 
preserved tnrreted cblteau of 'BUn'iilitim, on a hm partly enrroanded 
by the Ksltc. It is mentioned tn biatory u early aa the t2th cent., und 
now belong) to Connt Kenesee-Breltbar^. 

DiUgeucu ply once a day Horn Kayen t» (lH'/tX., in 1-lVi bm.l 
AdeDan, vii CSrrentov and Ffmffan-f (Duller)*, and la(10V:H., inSi/ibrs.) 
Mans teivMaif eld (p. IK). 

The train sUrts tlie town , crosses the valley of the Nette by a 
Tladact 115 yds. long, passes the station Maytn-Wttt, and then pen- 
etratee tbe watershed between the i^ette and Elz by a tunnel 525 yds. 
in length. A shorter tunnel follows. 

21 H. Hntireal (980 ft; Lunntbach), charmingly situated in 
the valley of the EU , has two ruiaed oaatles, the Rticb and Mon- 
real. The latter, tbe more important of tbe two, dates from 1228. 
Tbe chapel In the oemelery contains some interesting Temsi|q* of 
old nracooes. 

^U9 Soutt Se. DA0E4. Elftl. 

Tine laUoBpect u we proceed. — 36 H. Vimergbaek, Id tlia 
SteUbath'ThaL — n M. EaiwneMh (1500 (t.; Post, very fsir, 
pens. 3 Jl ; SEhtBan) Ilea ^/s M. fiam the etition. la the wood, aen 
the UtMr, may be dletingalshed the broad embankmeDt of t, Bomui 

military road, almost p&rallel Tfilh which are a moat and rampin, 
extending acroes the whole Eifel district. 

Excallcnt aUtes ('Clottaner Leien') are quwriad at Maitarg, lirmtri- 
hath. and Mler places to Iha K.W. and W, of Kiisereetch. 

Fboh Kaibebubcb to CaoHEM Ip, 133). Slf., diligencs twice daily In 
2 bra. (in the oUibf direction ^'It tan.). Ttae mad paises Lanikim, with 
the imall DrtValligteUi-0ajnU4 ('ChaHl of tbe Trinity'). containiDg an an- 
cienl colmnn, with cnrlons nliets of the Trinity, the Cmeifliiun, and the 
Virgin wUh bar d«iid Son. Farther an the load Jaina tbe Budir-Tltal and 
passes near the Wtnntlturf (p. 191). 

The railway ascends beyond the Wolflberg [ITSb ft.) to (30 M.) 
Lauback-MiillenbarA (i 576 ft.), with a ™w extending on the S. W. over 
the Vorder-Eifel , and on the S. over the hilla of the Uoselle to the 
Hnnsrfiek. — 33 M. Utrtftld. — 36 H. muen (1455 ft.; Bahnhoft- 
HSlet, K. &B.2-2Va^.* Fnawxnf Sdilagi), on the VlmentT JUaor, 
with a rained castle and a high-lying church. — 391/; M. Uiieratlt. 

Prom (i2}S,') Daneheid (Kautb) a picturesque walk may betaken 
through the leWaid and over the flardHo(ll/;-]l/2hr.) the Wein- 
felder Maar(p. 209; comp. the Map), The view from the Hardt 
rasembleB that from the Mauseberg. 

The line now descends along the Formf/ch (1620 ft.), an ex- 
tinct crater, iuto the valley of the Litter. 

4Jl/t M. Dann. — Bntela. ■Sdhumu , at the W. end of the town, 
B. *B. a-3V>. I>. 1'Mt pens. i.&^.- "HuHHsa, near IbeS. end of ttae town, 
■fiDilar nricesi Diuhsb bit, near ttaeetalloD. E. Si B, li/i-2i/i, D. lVi-2, pena. 
31/1^. — BaMnt Bi-mi at tbe Oemiinder Maar Ip. 309i key kept at Dann). 

Carriaai to Handertcheld or Lmieratb . Vi-Vi Jl. — DiUfina twice 
d^y (0 (ID H.) Mindergcheid and (SV> ».) Oillenfeld. 

The Raitaat BlalUm at Dann Ilea on the left bank ut the Lieeer, the 

D(iun(1310 ft.), a tottn with 1100 inbab., lies picturesquely in 
the valley of the tieicr, on the slope of a hill which Is crowned 
with the remains of the old Sehlott of the Counts of Daun, a cel- 
ebrated family, several members of which distingaiabed themselves 
in the Austrian service. The castle was atonned in 1352 by Baldwin 
of Trivea and William of Cologne. The building on the hill, which 
was formerly occupied by a batUft of the Elector of Treves, is now 
the chief forester's residence. Several mineral springs. 

To tbe 8, ot Daun rises the Tehrbdatb {IBOT ft.), a liva-hill, crowned 
with a conspicuoos monument in memory of the war of tSIOTl. — To ttae 
W. of Daun Is tbe Warm (162& ft.). The NtroUur Eop/, mentioned at 
p. aw, is 1 H. to tbe N.W. 

The trajD ascends the valley of the Lieser to (46 M.) Rengtn and 
reaches its highest point (1860 ft.) beyond (5OV2 M.) nocttudUr- 
Drtii. Then through a pretty valley to (SS'/a M.) Hobenfeli, in a vol- 
canic basin, (67 M.) Petm, and [68t/j M.) OeraltUin (see p. 204). 

c. Google 


H/it. GEMfFNDER MAAR. 25. Routt. 209 

c. W«lk from Dana to EyllbuiK vik GlUenfeld aud Muidarioliaid. 

FiSBT Dai. B; Ote DatKKT Maart, tbe MSm^ierg, mi MeSrm lo ttie 
^Uianwiar, 3 bra. ; to WOiofM, >/■ tu.; ilil lbs £(h*l(re ia ManitrKlitid, 
2>/i lira. — SicosD Dii. Over llie jrojoi&arf lo BetletifOd, li/i llr.; to 
fjMnicAmtd, IVzbr.t thence to Et/OlmTS, 7Vtl[. 

Otu Bist goat is the three Dahneb Maabb, oe crster-Ufcee o( Daun, 
wMcli lie 2i/i-4 M. to the S.E. of D&ud, in in eztenaive bed of 
voleantc deposits, consUtlng of aoriie, Tspilli, and ocusioDal strata 
of volcanic tufa. We follon' the Manderscbeid. road (from nhicli, 
1/2 M. from Daun, a road diverges to the left to tha church of 
Weinfeld and SchalkeninehreD) to the village of Qeminden (1 M.), 
which lies to the liglit on Ihi? lAcstr. A flnger-poat indicatea the 
way (to the left) W the [5 mio.) Geniuodei Maar and the Mfiuse- 
beig. The *Oemniid«Tl[BaT (1336 ft.^ is the smalleit of the ciatei- 
lakasofDaun. It lies in a partly- wooded basin, and is about 18 acres 
in area and 125ft. in depth. Those vbo do not wish to desceod to 
the haok of the lake proceed direct to the Mauseberg (way-post). 
In 10 min. the shady road emerges from the wood and affords a 
beautiful 'View of the Gemunder Maar, with Daun and its wooded 
hills beyond it. We then ascend to (10 min. farther) the nearly 
barren summit of the Hftaasberg (1B40 ft.), whirh commands a 
line view, especially from the trigonometrical signal on the E. aide. 
In th* foreground He the solitary Weinftlder Maar (1590 ft.), 
another of these crater-lakes, 43 acres In area and 170ft. in depth, 
and the WtinfeldeT KircKe, the only relic of the village ofWeinfeld, 
now Qsed as a burial-chapel. (From the Maaseberg back to Daun "it 
the Weinfelder Kirche, '/* ^r.) — To the S. E. of the Weinfelder 
Haar lies the SchalktnmckrtT Maar (1380ft.), the third of the lakes 
ofDann, 55 acres in area, 65 ft. In depth, and drained on the S. 
side by the Atfbach (p. 196). The bed of peat on the E. side is 
believed by geologists to be the site of a still older crater, which 
was afterwards partly filled in consequence of an eruption from the 
crater now occupied by the lake. 

A well-marlied p>tb ('L<eger-Weg 
on the left for Trilacheld, and foUon 
(3-81/, hr<.). 

By proceeding towards the E. across the ridge between the two 
Maare, we reach (I'/^M.) the village of llelireii(Her6fand-Knodl; 
Frantm, both very fair), situated on the highroad 41/; M. to the 
S, E. of Daun and 3 M. to the S. of Darscheid (p. 208 ; a pleasant 
walk through the Lehwald). — Near SUintberg, about l'/4 M. from 
Hehien and 2 M. from Darscheid, is the Einfwall, an eitenaive 
prehistoric burial-ground commanding a fine Tiew (best from the 
platform at the top). 

We follow the road, parts of which are shaded by trees, for about 
4 U. farther, take the Oillenfeld road to the right, and diverge by 
a footpath to the left to the *FnlTermMi (1650ft.), the most beBu- 
tiful and, after the Laacher See [p. 104), the largest of these crater' 

D'nuHEU'i Bbini. 16tb KdJL 14- 

210 RouU 26. MANDERSCHKID. Elfel. 

lakes, 95 acres in arei and 200 ft. deep, eituatud in > basin fringed 
with voods. The hille (ca. 230 ft.) on its hanke caaeiet almost en- 
tirely of volcanic sand, which appears aa a black pow.ler Id tie water 
of the lake. On the S. side rises the Rdmcrsberg (1665 fl.^ a oon- 
liderahle rock composed of alag. From this point to StrotzbiiBCh, 
see p. 197; to Liitierath, 5 M. 

About IVt U. to the W. of thi! PulTerinaBT lie; the village of 
Omenfoldfl33(ift.i Ciaaen, Ziltgm, both v^iry fair; diligence to 
Daun, p. 20B: carr. to Maniter^cbeid 8 Jl). 

At arehn, 2 M. to tbe 9. of OllleafeM, tbe laller of the «lf cuta into 
the lava-dvpoiiCB of UiB Warltilitrs (1606 tt.), odb of tbe larnst Tolcanie 
hilLiaftheSlfel. It is undoabledJy acnter, tbongh iU form ia not aaaily 
ri^cogaized u socb. 

Fbom GiLLBKniLD Tu M&MiiBaBCHBii), 6 M. After sbont 1 H. 
the road loads fai a short distance through oood, affording a view 
of the EmaU Holzmaar to the right. Eclcfeld Is passed 2 M. farthor 
ail, and then (I M.) BvcUoh, with tbe <:hiiri;h common to these 
tvro Tillages. IVearBuchbolz, beyond Hoffmannn's Inn, a footpath di- 
verges to the right, which is joined 10 min. farther on by another 
path coming from the chnrch of Bachholz. Here we again turn to 
tbe right and after a walk of 10 min. more through trees reach the 
'Btlvedere, one of the most beautiful paints near Mandcracheid, 
vUich attords a striking view of the castles of Manderscheld rising 
from the valley below, with the Mosenberg and other hills in the 
background. Tbe stump of a column from a Roman villa On the 
Mosenberg commomoiates tbe visit of Frederick William IT. in 
1833. — From tlie Belvedere we may doscond by a steep and 
fatiguing path to the (13 miu.) Lieaer and re-iecend in 11 miu. more 
to the saddle by tbe npper castle, near which we enjoy to the left 
a charming view of the lower castle; tbenca by tbe ridge to a small 
Tiew-temple and to (10 min.) Manderscheld, — Another path la 
indicated by a flnger-post about 80 yds. before we reach the Bel- 
Tedere, leading in ','4 hr. to Nieder-Mandericlitid, in the valley of 
tbe Lieser, where we regain the highroad. The road crosses the 
Lleser (Bne view from tbe bridge^ and ascends to ('/(-I M.) 

Fbok Daob 10 MisnaBecHBiD, direct flOM.; dlligenca twice daily 1b 
!!/. hn.). Tbli road pasHi above 0«nllRdan (p. 309) to IVi^rtbach, qnlU 
the valley oC tbu Lleiir, and aiueads to Uediriiorf. Tbe lofty and im. 

Eosing masses of luva which the road travecaei between Iheea vlllagBS are 
elieved to owe tbeir origin partly to a volcano to Ibe 8. of CsderHlorr, 
which culminates in the Wibtrlef (lOBO ft.J, a slag-bill near the vallo; of the 
Kltint KyU. and parUy to a volcanic mountain (1770 ft.) rising towards the 
K.W. Halfway between Oederadort and Manderscheld lies SlecMnuHn. 

Handencbeid. — HoteU. Zsns, B. lVi-2, B Vi. D. lVc2, pen«. 
i-lri.M: Heid, K. A B. 2-3'A, D.I'M, pens.l^.- KfiLLBjaas, B. ti/t, 
B. •/,, D. a-3, pens. d-iV. Jl, all three fafr. - C.bbiaqb to the Mosen- 
begS, b> ElsmsehmiltS. to baan S, to Wlttlieh 9-10, Berlrich IS. Qille- 
feld6. Ejllburg Id (vil Himmerod li). Gerolstein viS Heiolbil 12 JT. 

»cs t . »OB«, see p. SOSi to t&h ".) Wi 
., via groa-tAlint and Ulnda-IAtfn. 

u uerouuin via neiouLii lijt. 
p'/, H.) wmtrh (p. 19S) nnoe dally 

Eipl. MOSENBBRG. 6. Suutc. 211 

Mandtrmlttid (1270 ft.), > village of Bome impoctance, witb 860 
inbtb., lies on ■ lofty piain between tbe Litter and llie SUine 
Kyll, On the S. E. lide, In a giagnluly pictaiesque situation, are 
tiro 'CaitUi, perched on Jagged slate-rocks rising pTecipitansIf fiom 
the deep valley ot the Lieser, the anetent seat (ftrst mentioned 
in 889) ot tbe Counts of Mandeischeid who became extinct in 1780. 
The upper castle now belongs to Coant BrSbl, the lower one to tho 
Eifel Veteln. Handerscheid is a good halting-place for a day or 
two. Fine views from the ConitantintwaidelKn (then and back 
3/l hr.) and the FrUdrlclnplatt (there and back 25 min.). To reach 
tbe aboTe-mentioned BclveJere (36 min.) we take the footpath to 
the left, 250 paces beyond the bridge oier the Lieser, which leads 
np from behind a shrine, and twice crosses the Buchholz road, 
afcer which we follow this road as far as the wood and then diverge 
to the left. 

The most Intereiting volcanic mountain of the Eifel Is the con- 
spieuoDs, three-peaked MosBNBBRe, 1 hr. to tbe W. of Mander- 
BCheid. We first follow the Bettenfetd road, which descends into 
the valley of the KUine Sytl, ero^see tbe stream at the Heidsmuhle 
(Inn), and rapidly re-ascends. We take a path to tbe left at the 
secondbend, which traversesBelda, pasjei the marshy Hintsifmaoi-, 
and then leals to the left to the barren snmmit (shelter-hut built 
of slag). 

The KoBanberg(i720ft.)i8along hUl of lavs extending from 
N. to S., wooded on the K. side, but denuded by volcanic action on 
the W. It has four craters, the lava-walls of which rise fantastically 
to a height of 50 ft. The basalt and slag which form the summit 
have here protruded 250 ft. through the granwacke. The N. crater, 
formerly flUed with water, was drained In 1846 , and now yields 
peat. The huge lava-stream which has issued from an opening in 
tbe S. crater may be traced as far aa the Q'j^ M.) HomgriAen (foot- 
path), where it reaches the SUinc Kyll, and rises in perpendicular 
lava-clitrg 100 ft. in height. The comprehensive view extends as 
far as the Hunsriick on the S. — By following the Horngraben from 
the Mosenberg we may reach the (1 hr.) Manderacheid and Kyll- 
burg road near the Neumiihte (see below). 

BttttnttU iSladtfiii, cleai). wbaties a road leadi lod'/'H-i fo>tpalh 
■barl:i) Glnruchmltl (p. 217) and anoUiar (parlll footpatb: marked tn 
blDc) to P/i hr.) ths SiUmiAal, aid so to (>/. tir.) OttrtaU (p. SlSj. 

Abont li/> M. lo tbe K. of tbe MoieiibarK lies Ibe Ifurfildir Moor 
(iOlfi fl. ; 60 aire* in eitent, 38 A. deep), one of the lirseat cnteri oi the 

Ibe village ot iffn-AU. 

Fkom MANDBBflOHBTD 10 KTLLBDita, 14 M. [Walkers should 
follow the path vii the Hoseoberg and Bettenfeld, which is in- 
dicated by blue marks and from Bettenfeld on leads throogh wood.] 
The road soon descends into the valley of the Kleint Kyll, crosses 
the river, and passes the (2'/^ M.) Ntamuhle, where the ahove- 

212 JIoulc S7. EMS. From Cohlent 

nentdoned p^th tsom the Mosenliece joins the roid. Jnst beyond 
this paint the i'lUcUocA flows into the Kjrli. The seeoeiy of the 
Talley here is piutnreaqDe >nd Imposing. The roid then winds np 
the left bank of the Flaebbseh, and after II/4 H. divides, the left 
blanch leading to WJttlich (p. 198), the right to Eyllbnig. The 
latter loads tlironsh wood to (S'/s M.) — 

7 M. Eiiensobaiitt {Wagntr-Jung, tot; tiit; MuUer, new), on 
the 8alm. — In the valley of the Salm, V2 M. to the S., on the 
road to WittHoh, ie the cloth-factory ot EidieUtulte {Inn, with 
garden, pens. 4-5^). About il/4 H. farther down are the extensive 
roina of the Benedictine abbey of Himmerod , founded in 1139 by 
St. Bernard of OlalrTani; the Gothic cloiBters are the nhief 

From Elsensclimitt we aacend in wmdlnga, whicli pedeBtrians 
may avoid feteep path in 30 min.) , to (ll/j M.] SehtBontr^om 
(Timpen), 6Vl M. from Kyllborg. Farther on we pass (1 M.) 
Obtrkail (Jabasch), witli the scanty mint of an old caeUe, a church 
erected in 1T8T, and fragmenta of a Roman wall, which once 
extended from thlt vidnity to Bitbnrg. We reach (4i/j M.) Kj/llburg 
by the bridge over the Kyll (see p. 206). 

27. From Coblenz to Wettlar, 
Xnu uid the TaJley of tke Lftbn. 

Congi. Mapi, f. 113, IIS. 

64 H. Riitw*v by Nieisrlihiisleiii lo (iO'/i M.) Baa in '/r*!* lir. (ftrt- 
1 jl 40, IjriO. TO pf.>, tg Wttiiar in •»!,■» t hrs, (8 j| 40, B JT », 4 Jl 
20 pr.; ciprue a ^4apf., 7^, 4 ^90pf.). Sauau "■- 
btirg, WtOburg, and WtUlar arc the moat pictarcique 

Cohlera, see p. 105. The train croaees the Rhine liy the bridge 
mentioned at p. 110, and paeaes through a cutting on the landward 
side of Eorcbbeim (somp. p. 113) 

3M.IIlederlBlmftein(p, 113; Bniluoviteftaurant), the J unction 
of the railwaye from Ehrenbreltstein and to Wiaabaden (y. 140), 
Travellers for these linaa change carriages. 

The train now skirts the AUerhelUgen-Berg (p. 113), creases the 
Lahn, and aacoada on the left bank, where the line from Ober- 
lahnstein (p. 114) is joined. Several Iron-works are observed. The 
river is provided with nnmerona loeks to facilitate the navigation 
ot the barges which convey to the Kbine the ores yielded by this 
district. — 6 M. fritdrichsMgta, the station for the lead and ailver 
mines of the same name, which lie aboat 1 '/i M. to the £. — 81/3 VI. 
Nienem, with the large Afiewemer HaUt. 

IQI/s M. Enu. " Hotela |t1ie large onea geaerslly open in suuuneT 
only; liotel-omalbasei at the station). On the rltht bank of the Lahi: 
■R11IU. CttauuB, with itgd^peDdanceCsmm(uariati-(Maudi,B. 3-10, B.tVt, 

D. a>/l, pniB. froni Tl/,.«,- 'BaTBI, DEB QOATHB-SllSOKB ET DB L'EsROPa, llt>r 

Ibe Curiua. R. ai/,5, B, 11/,, D.Si/„ peni. R-11 Jl; 'Hrtiii D'ANui-aTBaai, 

c. Google 

c. Google 

At Iha luwer emd of tke promauds, irltb laiio cardcn, R. from 3'/,, B. l>/z, 
D. Sy^ peDi. tram 8 ^; ■Diu*7iPTJiB Bur, near Ui« bridge, S. 2i/,-a, 
B. i% D. ai/i, pens. 8 JT; B^tkl di Kumie, near tlie TCondelbaiin, R. 2-G, 
B. ll/i, D. ii'/i, pens, from 7 JT. — Pbouexidi, nsai Ills btidge, vitti 
caf^ and open-air Malanrtnt, R. 2 JT 20-3 JT 70 p(., B. IX U- 3^180 pf., 
pens. W/rlv. Jl, well apakea of; Bbhtol, opposite the Viet Thflrme, 
with garden, R. li'/i-S'/i, B. 1, D. 2'/., peni. B'/rS JT; Stint Wiaa- 
BADBi, opposite Iba Waadelbalin, B. 3-7, B. I, D. 2'/., pens, ftom 8, 
electric liEht 1 Jl per weeki Mbtbupolm; Hot voh HoLiaBO, E. from 7, 
B. 1, D. 3, pens. 6S Jl; LCwe, B. H/rS, B. I, O. 3, pene. 3-7 ,jr.- 
WaiiBUBOMKoF, R. a-2i/>, B. i/i, D, lVr3, pens, t'/pe Jl; Wuasss 
Roae (see belgw), R. 2-3i/,, 6, 1, D. 2i/i Jli KiTSiBiioi-i acHflTiKHHOF, 
opposite lie Viet Thiinne, with iW dependence M«»bii*i, E. W, B. 1, 
D. 3 JlSOpf. —In llie lover part of the iovd: H^tel-Pinb. Soitao, peos. 
B>/r8 Jl! Boml-Pbss. SuHtoaa LiBomiO, R, I'M. »■ 1. D. a-3'A, paoa. 
li jr. - Ba.,N»OBBi. Hop (good and mnderalo). in the .illage of SmV - 

sprint'p. 2U), B. 2°/rl9' B. "i/,, d!'^/i, peliB.'from 8jr'°*H8T»i,*0^iiB. 
■MO, with J)(tiuidardeD,R. 2-ti/i, B. IV4, D. 3>/i, pen-. fn>iii8,jr,- UStbl 
DI FLiinBi, oppoiUe the statioD. with cardan, R. lVt-3, B. 1, D. 2, dcus. 
S-T ^,- HBtiL Ror<L; HSTSL-PBHeio:' SoHLoea Jobuiibbbbo D. 3 JT. 
well ipoker of. — H6TKi.-RMTiDusT RomiAHBeHOHi (p, 315), prettily 
aituateil hajrway up the Halberg, wilh view. 

PrliaU Eotala. On llie right bank: -Viaa TbDkue (p. 31G] , in 
(he iFOnndt of the Curhans, with lifl, B. from 21/1, B. IVi, D- 3, peoa. 
from 71/, Jl. On the left benk : 'Vitu Belli. Riv., with lis diipendence 
ViUa PtM EK,U, near tbo Kalser-Briicke, B. J'M, B. 1'/*. D. 31/1, pens. 
T/rlO J. — There are ilgo nnmerone LOBOiBO HoGSBS, moat of which also 

The mare remote honseg are of eonrse the least eipenalre. Breakfaji 
and tea are proTlded at all of these, but dinner more rarel;. 

KotanranU and OaMa. CurAoui, with table d'hSte. and Oariaal. both 
of the flnt claat ; Filla Btriel. with a garden, on the left bank of the Lahn j 
saUer-Ca/i and CaflNtTTt. both also confeetioners; ^(oniiiHifii. Ibese three 
near the sUlioai also at aU the hotels. B«li«t-MaHirrg RalaiiranHv. 1Mi)\ 
SdMtiierMaiAtn. on the slope of the Malhere (p. 315)) /snp/trnUAs, 
oppogitelbe Bulerlel<p. 31G)i aitbiraa, al the end of the Bunj(-Wilbelms- 

"" " ■ " Wiat XBom, oppofit* " 

. — Ban; LOie, WMiia R 
WtOHiraer Sof (for all tbe 
wilb garden, D. iVi-S Jl. 




l\a Si 

IFfathidm. AH- 

. Qtorgt, Lalin- 

1. Driie within the p 

[1, there and baak 9'^ 


reeincls of the 
3 or i</t Ji: to 
and back 7V. t 

GaliB d'rawn by 

' Klostei 
<r It Jl 


r Arm 

rse cab, 70 pf., 
iteln and hack, 



■ ft! 

leMllberg (p. 319), sUrtiog near the 
wn 60 pf., reHira-Ucliet IJT, sob- 

ODih 9 Jl) ; tr 

Jl. Day-tlekel, a^mitUn; 

concert,, BO pf".. or, on s| 

Tlaltera' Tu, after a sUy 
member of the «ame family 9 Jt. Daj-tlckel, admitting to the Cur. 
anil the aftetnoon and efenini concertt, BO 
\ M. — The charges for baths vary In t 

ri dnring which the wati 
.; and B to 9.30 p.m. tn It 
iHo giTon. — DKnlre, in 1 

216 Bou(e?7. NASSAU. Froin CobUmi 

of eUm crowned with tte Cancordia Thurm (866 fl. ; rfmlB.)i • view- 
toner. Halfway op is the MoothiitU, a paTilion oommanding an 
admiTable survey of Ema, below which lea monument to the wanlora 
of 1370-71. We reach the summit in S/^-1 hi. by following the 
Graben - Straase, above the Oathius, and then aaoending by the 
stony footpath passing the war-monament and the MooshulU, or by 
the broad road to the right farther on. The Bitmarck Promenade, 
diver^ng t« the left at the beginning of the latter, leads lound the 
Ffahlgraben to the (3/4 hr.) Bltmarek Tower on the Slopp, whence 
we deicend to Dorf Ema {ftne views). 

- - — ■ - - ;^, (iMOft.), I'A hr. to tbs 

if Ihe bigheit i 

o BcKaatbtOt (Wfubttda) vii Sauau 

lalley of tbe khlne, I 

■-Zollfriind (p. 116^ I 
iil-.aiill of IhB temi 
V). The apltaph cnnU 

BiiLWiY TO TBTZL«.a. Leaving Ema, the train passes Daute- 
nau (Naasaner Hof), on the right bank, with an ancient octagonal 
tower, and atill surrounded hy old wills. The church (restored) 
dates from the 13th, its vestibule from the 15th century. Near 
Nassau we cross the Lahn. 

IbVs M. (from tioblenz) Vallan. — Hoteli. Mflu-ia, al tbe ala- 
tioDi Eboke, G. IVi-S, B. >/'. pel"- frnm VhJI; BAtel Kiesio, Babo- 
Slr. 2. — BiLLEVui, prettily aitoated ns the laH bank of Iha Labn, B. I.Vs-2, 
D. i'jrll'l!. pens. 1-5 .#. — Union Srticirii, with gacdeo. 

Bt/dropalMt and Plai-Salh BiliUilliliminl, to tbe W,, od the road to 
Ems, board and medical advice Oi/i, R. 1-5 ^ per day. 

Naiiaa (265 tt), a small and ancient town (1900 Inhab.), believed 
to have existed as early as 790 under ti)e name of /Votonpa, is prettily 
situated on the right bank of the Lahn (whioh is here crossed by a 
suspension- bridge), and Is mnch freqnented hy aommeT- visitors. 
It was the birthplace of tbe celebrated Prnasian minister Baron 
Stein (see above), tbe last scion of a noble family that had resided 
here since the 13tU century. The Sehloii, though modernised, dates 
from 1621, and now belongs to the Countess von der Grithan. In 
1815 Stein caused a Qothic tower to be added to commemorate the 
war of independence. This was a favourite resort of the illnstrlone 
proprietor, who embellished it with various FeminisceneeB of that 
eventful period. Others eonneoted with tbe war of 1870-71 have 
been added. (Admission on Mon., Wed., & Frid., 9-li & 2-6[ 
visitors deposit a donation for a charitable pnrpose in a box at tbe 

c. Google 

c. Google 

OBHRNnOF. IT. llouU. 217 

M.) The Schlott-Parli is open to the public dsUy, except 
Sandaya, 8-12 n.m. and 2-7 p.m. 

On the oppogita bank of the Laha lUes a wooded emlnenoe 
(ascended from the itatloD in 25 min.), cicvned bf the ruined 
Cuitla of HuMn, erected in 1101 by Dndo IV., Count of LanTeii- 
bnrg (p. 218), whoee deBcendants hencefortb aAsnnied tlie name of 
MageaTi ; it has been safTered to fall Co deoay since the end of the 
I6th oentoif . Iiowar down on the aame hiU are the ruina of Burg 
Btein (Vt ^' ^'""^ ^^^ iDBpension-bridge), the ancestral seat of the 
Baionc Stein, the earliest mention of which is in 1158, and which 
was inhabited down to the end of the i7th century. The ptojectiiig 
rook in front of it bean a JtforiumenI (o Stein , consisting of a 
highly chatacteristic statue In marble, by Pfuhl of Berlin, beneath 
a Gothic canopy of red sandstone, 61 (t. ia heiglit, inaugurated in 
1872. In bis right hand tho great minister holds a scroll with the 
date Uth Jane, 1807, In allnsion to his memorial regarding the 
Teoiganisallon of the Frussian slate. The leirace affords a survey 
of the valleys ot the Lahn and HSMhsch. 

Tbe Toclu ol the Mtht Lti, reached rrom Maaiaa in •/< li''- (lool'ey 

Beyond Nassau the railway follows the right bank of the Lahn, 
and is soon carried thtough a aeries of tunnels. Before and beyond 
tbe second , a glimpse is obtained on the right of Burg Langenmt 
(3 M. from Nassau, 1 U. from Obernbof), built in 1244, the ancient 
seat of an Austrian family, the fihenish branch of which became 
extinct In 1603. The watch-tower and external walls are well pre- 
served; within the latter farm-huil dings have been erected. Beyond 
tike castle, on the opposite bank, rises the Kloatei Aniiteis, wjti> its 
oharch of tbe 12th cent, (enlarged in 1359, restored in 1886), and 
other buildings, pictareiquely situated on a wooded emlnenoe. A 
castle of very ancient origin which once stood here was converted 
by the last Connt of Amstein or Amoldsteiu into aPremonstratensian 
monastery in 1208 (suppressed in 1803). It is most easily visited 
from Obernhof (see below). On leaving the station we turn to the 
right, and after 300 paces follow the path to the left, indicated 
by a flnger-post, to (*/« M.) Atnsteln (refreshments at the Kloster- 
Mdhle). A picturesque path leads hence te (41/] M.) Nassau, vi4 
Hollrlch and Bcrf-JVasiou, 

Near (18 M.) Ohemhof are lead and silver mines. The station 
Is on the left bank and the village (Kloster Arnstein Inn) ou the 
right bank of the Lahn. A floe point of view in the vicinity (reach- 
ed in 20 min., by an easy hut shadeless path) is known as the 
Qattht-Puakt, from a visit made (o It by Qoethe in 1814. 

Tbe llae now passes through a long tunnel, beyond which the 
valley contracts. Then a long curve. High up, on the slope of the 
left bank, la sltnatad the 'AlU Haui', a solitary fragment of wall 
belonging to the old nunnery of Bmnnenburg. 

218 BouU'il. 3CHAUMBUKG. Irom Voblti i 

24>/2 M. lauTBiibiLrg [^325 ft.), with allier-smelUng vorke, > 
small chateau, and the rnins of the anceatrsl realdence of the Count! 
of N»8a«u,«ho were originally Counti of Laurenburg (comp.p.217); 
tblaca«tlB is first mentioned in 1093 and was already a rain In 1643. 

The piilaresqne Rtipbaclt-Tlvil ivbonchBs mt I.i.ufnbnrB. — From Linn n- 
bsrg a ruiid leads via tbe village nf (:« min.) SOH'd to llH niia.) OeOnaa, 
wilta a nloeral tprini, in tbe Talli^y of tbe Lalin, whtcb here describes 
a wide bend. 

Beyond the Cramltrg Tunnel the train stops at (23 U.) Baldnin- 
■teili(355 ft.; JVoEI); thelmpostngruinsof the castle of that name on 
the right, bviilt in 1319, rise in a narrow ravine behind the villago, 
A good road (carriagoB at the station) leads through the village In 
% hr. to the castle of Schaumbnrg ; walkers ascend the steep foot- 
path [tn about 25 minutes. 

On the right, a little fartber on, the loftily-situated castle of 
Sohaumbnrg (915 ft.), Sr^t meutLoned In 1194, overlooks the valley 
from a wooded basaltic peat. It was once the seat of the princes of 
Anhalt-Schaumburg, at a tatei period that of Archduke Stephen of 
Austria (d, 1867), and Is now the property of Prince George Victor 
of Waldecb. The castle was built 'bulate 1 194, but the oldest parta 
of the present building date from the 18th cent. ; the modern part, 
in the EngUsh-Oothic style, was erected for Archduke Stephen by 
the architect Boos of Wiesbaden. Tlie rooms areempty; plctnreaqae 
view from the tower (adm. till 6 p.m. 26 j.f., to the tower 10 pf.j. 
Fine park. At the foot of the castle Is a good Jnn (with pension), 
with a picturesque garden. — We descend at first through wood, 
and then through the village of BlrUnhack to (3 M.) DieCz. 

29 M. Facltingtn (375 ft. ; Anbar) derives Importance from Its 
mineral water, of which a large quantity is annually exported. 

30 M. Dieti (360 tt-i Victoria, R. & B. from 2Vi. D. I'/ft pens, 
fromlj:, very fair; Ha f von Holland ; Rail. Ralai.rnnt ; Rttlaurant 
Fuchs, at the rail, station). *'itl> 4300 Inhsb. and large marble- 
polishing works, picturesquely situated on the hillside, close to the 
Uhn, la commanded by the Pettra- Firche, built in the 13th cent., 
and by an old CasUe of the Counts of Dietz and I^assau, now a house 
of correction. The old Bridgt across the Lahn la supported by 
buttresses erected on two others belonging to an earlier bridge 
(destroyed in 1552), which lie unbroken in the bed of the river. — 
Through the valley of the Aar, which joins the Lahn at Dieti, rune 
the Sckmalbach and Winhaien Bciiiiooji (see p. 144). 

On the left bank , 1 M. from Dietz , and connected with it by a 
beautiful avenue of limes, Is Sckloai Oranienaieln, orected in 1676, 
now a Prnasian military school. 

32 M. Llmbur« (360 ft. ; *Preiia>UclttT Hof, •flToajouer Sof, R. & 
B. from Vj-i, D. 2 Jl, good wine at both ; AlU Po/l, al! less tban 
</4 M. from the station; beer at tbe Actienbtauetei, on the Wies- 
baden road), an old town with 8500 inhab., a plane of some Im- 
orunce in the middle ages, and now the seat of a Roman Catholic 

Id Wttslar. LIMBDRn. 37. BoaU. 219 

bishop, with many pictuiesqne old houses, is gitualed on the LuAn, 
nbtob is otossed here by a bridge constructed in 1316. 

Near the nil, BtaMon ate a new Protetlant Charch (Gothic) and » 
War Momimtnt. — The nurow Etreets of the old town aetend dliect 
to the 'Catkedral, vith ita aeien toneia, the 'Batiliea St. eeorgii 
MarSyrii erecta 909', as the inBOriptlon abo«a the porUI reoorda. It 
rises conipitnonily aboie the river, from (he right bank of which 
the best riew of It Is olitalned. It was founded by Conrad Kurzbald, 
the powerful Salic connt of the Niedertsbngaa, nmains of whose 
Caiile adjoin the chnreh. The present structure (sacriaCan oppoette 
the entrance), a remarkably fine example of the Transition style, 
erected in 1213-42, was skilfully restored In 18T2-TS. The gronnd- 
plan shows the 'tentrallsing' tendendes of the Bhenlth atcbitecta of 
the period. The interior haa galleries, arradlng, and richly articulated 
surfaces. The mural paintings of tte 13th cent, have been freshened 
up. The church contains » foot of the 13th cent., and a monument 
(also 13th cent.) to the founder (d. 948), with a recumbent figure, 
in front of the high-altar. The stained glass is modern. — The lalu- 
ablo treasory of the cathedral, preserved In the ParWt Chunk, neil 
door to the bishop's residence, is shewn only on Wed., 11-13 and 
3-6 (1-5 pers, 3 Jt; apply to the dean). — A beautiful view of the 
cathedral is obtained from the right bank of the Labn. 

A imall 9T>tA«BOAT pIkB betweeo Limbnri and Dthra (p. 130), alTordiDe 
a Bus view of Limburi cathedral aad of ihs church of DietklTcheD{p. 220). 
FsoH LTHBuas TO As, U> X.. rsilwar Id i hn. Tbie Una travereee 
a fertile but tomewhat UDlnterestine district. — lSi/t U. Kontahanr casfdme 
Krotu), a dlatHct-town with 9600 inhab., lefounded by the Aiehblahop ot 
Tiivei in taiT on the ijte of ao ancleol viUage and named ifoni Tabor. ~ 
22 H. SlerahahD (SfiO ft.}, tbe lunctioa of tbe line to Euieri (p. Ut- — Froui 
(!5'/i M.) BilhTi (SW ft,| a branch-line rum to Bacheidorg (see below). - 
The Irain now enleri the valle; of the Hoiaach. The next gtallona ate 
Uaritaratlidor/, Birrder/, with a chitcaa and park ot Prince Wied, RaK- 
AacA, with tbe lai^e paper-mill ot Hedwlgitbal, Puitrliaeh, 3iV», and 
IfiUirii*. — Wh M. AltmkiTohen ("itutBi, K. i>ff2'h, D- i% pcnJ. 



;n the v:i;3. with 


b., Da.r 

dar Oeneri 

in 1796 

the ji 

f a ]1D« t 


ow). - 


; m 

— MM. Aa, lee 



ffo/), a pleasant 

. (i2a) i 


jeral ■ 



ical basalt 

1 Leiaini 


tbe ftaliO 

In for 



ncB iwice dailj). 

'31'/. M. H..h. 

(tai5_ . 


.; Jf^,^-. 

><-Hon. a town of ITU 




Ulh , and rsitot 



nth c< 

_, ,._.._.. About I'/t M. to the N 

is the former Clitercisn conient ot Ma<-imilatt, toundcd in 1222 by 
Helniicb III. ot Sayn, with an Intcresling Qolbic church. — W M. AUm- 
klrehtn, see above. 

From Llmborg lo Witibadin, mchil, and F'-mk/erl, see B. 29e. 

The banks ot the Lahn now become flatter. To tbe left lies 
Dittktreken, with the oldest church in the country, built before 801, 
on a rocky hill rising abruptly from the river. On the Lahn, 1V<M. 

220 R<mte 27. WKILBUBO. frcmi CobUnz 

faTthei op, ace the village End old caetle of Behrn (steamboat fiom 
Limbutg, see p. '219]. — M'k M. Etchhofen ; 36 M. Ktrkerbach. 

36V2 H. Sunkel (370 ft.; Zur Lahabahn, plain), an ancient 
town with 1100 inbab., sltnitad on both banks of the Lahn, com- 
manded by an extensive old castle of tbe Princes of Wied, dating 
(rom about 1159, perched on a rocky height, and now occupied by 
tlia local authorities. On tbe hill opposite lies the nllafe of 
Schadecic, with an old eastle (10 mia. from the sUtion; pretty 
view). The vineyards on the steep banks of the Lahn balow Runk«l 
are the last in this region. -- Near (381/; M.) VUlmat (Basting) are 
conGlderable marble quarries. The Bodenalein, on the left bank of 
the river, bears a sandstone statue, 8 ft. high, of Goniadl. (911-918), 
by L. Oauer. — 43 M. Aumenau (410 ft.), with Ironstone -mines and 
Glate-quanies. Smi (44</i U.) Furfurt rises the ruined caatle of 
Oravtna^. After a succession of tunnels, bridges, and viaducts, the 
train reaches — 

50 H. WeilbnrK (Dtutichti Haas, Trmtbt, both very fair; 
NanavtT Hof; Peniion turn Romiathen Kaiier, well spoken of}, s 
smalltown with 3700 inhab. , the residence of the Dukes of Nassau- 
Weilburg down to 1816. Their chateau, bnilt in the 16th cent, and 
enlarged in 1721,plcturesquely situated on a cocky eminence, isoccu- 
pied by the district-authorities. The StadUcirelte, near the chiteau, 
built in 1707-11, contains the family vault of tbe ducal family. 

To the H. is tbe entrance to the pretty Wriltka), op which a railway 
runs vii (!■/■ H.) FrtiMfiU. (1 H-) fturiAauitn (Si/i M.) XnuOatuti, 
(S'jt U.) Wiitmmiitr, and (3 H.) BolmilaiU, to (10 M.) Laidrnt - S4iMaiA. 
From Frslenfeld, with B ruined castle, a pleasant walk (31in>.) may be 
mode past the deer-park oF Prince Solms, Id 74ilippi(Mtt, witb pictnreaqiie 
ruiuH of a eaitle, and Bramfilt (see below). — AhDul 3 M. to the N.W. of 
Weilbuie, on a nteep biialtic bill, rises the luin of Jfowftcrir (key at the 
vUlage-achaci) ; ^Dpr.j. 

The wealth of the district consists In the presence of red iron- 
stone, yielding 45-50 per cent of pure metal, between the layers of 
slate. About 200,000 tons of ore are mined intheWeilburg district 
yearly, in procuring which upwards of 2000 miners are engaged. 

52 M. Lohnberg ; 56 M. Stoekhamm. — 58 M. Braunfelt. In 
the neighbourhood ate several iron-mines. 

On a hill 2</i M. to tbe S. of the atation of Rrauntels (local railway; 
oirr. a Jf) is the jmsll town (IDOO inbab.) of Brauntsla (986 ft; -ScUau- 
Hsttl, witb a terrace, B. 3-3, B. 1, D, 2'/s, pens. S-T Jl; achSac Auuichl; 
H6t. Siti, well spoken o(; Solmitr Ba/, plain), tbe realdenca of tbe Prince 

(adm. 30pf., free on Thors.). Plenimt grounds; fine view from tbe tower. 
— Charnlng walki in the surrounding woods, and lonEer excursions may 

60 M. Bxirgsohni. From (61 M.) AlbaJtauien (Deutscber Kaiser) 
we may walk in '/j hr. to the suppressed Premonstritensian abbey 
of AUmberg, vrith its flne early-Ootblc church (end of 18th oent.). 

64 M. Wetzlar (476 ft.; hertoglichee Havs, in tbe town, very 
f^Lir, R. & B. 21/5, D. 2 Jl; HStel KultuiiaatT, commercial, Ktmt, 


Lahn opposite the moath o( the I>iU, ^/^ U. from ike Btitiou. The 
toiTD eiteadB ilong a belglit on the left bank. The most con- 
spicuona ballding U the Cathedral (at preaeot under TestoT&tion), 
the oldest part of which (N.W.) dates from the 11th ceot., while the 
S. Bide, the finest part, was erected in the 14tb and 15th, sad the 
portsls la the 15th and 16th ceaturies. The terrace planted with limes 
Is adorned, on the S. side, nitb a monument to Eoldieis who fell in the 
Ftanco-ProBslan war, by Lehr. Whew the chnroh was concerted into 
a Qothit edifice, the two low BomaNesque tower8('Heidenthiirme') 
were left standing within the large nnflnished towers of red sandstone. 
The nave of the cathedral is used by both Protestants and Roman 
Cstholies, the choir by the latter only. — On the terrace to the N. 
Is a War Afonumenl. — To the 8. of the cathedral, In the Bntter- 
maikt, which is embeUished with a bnst of Goethe hy Lehr, rises the 
Ouard Boaie, bnllt of red sandstone. — The Btichikammergericht 
(courts of Justice), with the imperial eagle, ta opposite the Herzog- 
licbeg Hans. The building of the Archivts, near the Hanset Thor, 
finished in 1806, contains Prussian state-papers. 

Qoethe resided at Wet^lar for some months In 1772, when he 
waa engaged in professional work at the Reichskammergericbt, and 
ts said to have occupied a house, indicated by a marble tablet, in 
the narrow Oewandgasse , near the corn-market. Yarious events 
here and in the environs euggegted his 'Sorrows of Werther'. 

TheorlglnBl ofWerlhsr wai a certain HsrrJeniulem, ascretat; to the 

the Schiller-Flab, aear the Franciican cbnich. The DeuUehea Uaus, or 
Lodgs of the Tsutonic Order (reached b; the street to tbe left of the new 
gdard-home, opiiosite the S. tranaept of the cathedral), was (he residence of 

the Wahlbeim ofWertiier, eilDsted on a Mil conuDtndine a plea< 

of the valle;. Hoal of the old honaes in the ''Wertber- Plats' in iruui, ui 

the chorch were burned down in 186H. A manoment here marka a 

commanding a Sne Tiew. — On tbe slope of Ibe Btopptaers (1316 ft. ; view- 
lower), 3 M. from WeliUr. liea tbe pleuant villago uf ViiIp<rliAam™, in 
a bi>n9e in whicb [now a school) the ball described in Wertbei took place. 

About Va M. to the S.W, of Wetzlar rises the ruined castle of 
KaUmvmt, which is said to be built on Roman foundations. At the 
foot of the hill is the Schutzen- Garten (keys of castle at Wald- 
Bchmldt'g, SchtUer-Flatz ; 10 pf.). 

From Wetzlar to Colognt or Qienai, see R. 8 ; to Lot^r, Castel, 
and Beriin, see Baedeket't Northern Oermany. 

2S. Frankfort. 

K>ilw>7 Statigni. The CiNtBiL Stitioh (PI. B, l,b), a 4»ee ind 
anil9om« bsildlog, with a good realautut (D. from 12 to 3 p.m. 3 JI1 

iwn Is Ihe OsT-BiBHBor (PI. H, 3) for traiiu loHan&u, Aicbiffsobarg, 
id Bavaria, wblib join tbe Central SUUon traiiu at Hauu, and alio 
IT tpsint to Ebnbacb (Stattgart). The Bebki Sttlion (PI. B. F, Bj, in 
»DluBnbau»en, Is Ibe first Blopping-pltce for the trains toHanaa. Fnlda. 
ebra. etc. The Offenbicb Siitioh (PI. F, Q, &) tena the local trains 
I OBenbach. — Gin .iaEHcits or tbe rsi]wa;i: Sclmtlai/eli * CO., in lh« 
rmltlurter Hof (see below) ^ lottmaHonal Bitting Caniayt Co., Kaiaer- 
ir. 1. — The hotels do not send omnibases to meet the trains. Oatu 
id traiD«a!'i, set p.2il. 

Hotdi (aU tbose oF the lirat clau have lifts and electric Uebting, ud 

, Bthubort.Plati , comer of Kajier-Str., R. fram I, B. 1 j( 10 pt. 

1 o'cl. 1, from (D So'cl.'" - ' --- '" - ■*' ■■ 

; B, B), Bahnhofi-Plsti 4, 

m iJi •aBtiiD-H6T>L ¥iT 

J iM'/i,B.l.*30pf., 

ri>-HaT»i. CoHirawiiii (PI. mi B, 6),R- 2i/p6, B. t'/., D. *-6 Jl ; 
Gbbmabw (PI. q ; B, 6), with garden, E. 2"/ri, B. 1, D 2'/r3'/" -*I 'Sxvoy 
Hotel {PI. h; B.S), a hdteUa'nl, R.3-I0, B.VUJl; HSiel Ko1al(P1. i^ 
B, i, S), Kronprimen-Str., S. lV,-a, B. </4, I>. IVi-S-i'.-^DBDiei'HHRiiMR 
(W. 0( B, B), Wiesenhiitten. Plats 86, E. A B. 3-6, D. iJi/t penj. 6.8 jl; 
E«ioH»aoF, Huheniollem-Sir. 12, «t Ihs corner of the WiddsStr.; 8T»Dt 
FsjKKFraT(PI. r^ B, 6), KOlbbbHof (PI. <-, B, 0), B«hbhop-H4tki. (PI. t; 
B, fi), three anpretendlne bonsei In the B^nhofj-Platit STDTiauics 
Hop , Eronprinien-Str. 69, R. Ii/rS'/i, B. 1 , D. l>/r3 jT; Baseleb Hop 
(ChrUIHcliei EnipU). Taunus-Str. 36, R. ii/i-S, B. >/t-l, D. I'/i Jl- — It tht 
Tomi. >P<L.3T-HaiELF0BBTBHflOF(Pl. b;C, I), Gallas-Anlue 2, B. rrom4, 
B. 11^, d^. 4, D, Ji; 'FiiAHEFiJBTEi Mdf (h. a; D, 4), Kalser-PlaU, s 

Tulw(.7-afficeB, R.^B-fromlV]. D. (lp.D.)4, wlnterKromlb.f.- 
'HoTEL iHFiiiiL, Opem-Plat:, wllh reelauruit, new; •SiriH (PI. d; D,S), 
at nbUh the peace of lOlh May. ItlTl, was concluded, Stelnweg 12, at the 
Thwtw-Plati. R. 3-6, B. ly,, II, 8-3'A, P=n.. tromS Jl; •PiBjiasHoffPl.e ; 
D, 3), S chill er-Plati S, R. i-1, B. H/,. D. 3-i. pen!, from 8 Jf. — •Hfrin be 
l'Uhioh in. tiD, 3), SteiDweeS, R. 2Vi-4, B. I1/4. C 3^: ■HStel Ubeul 
IP], i ; F, 3), Orosse Fried borger-31r. IS, coramsrciiil, R. 3l/j-3l/>, B. !■/<, D. 
Sjl, — TAUBU8HaTEL(Pl. w;D, 3), Gfosw Bockenbalioer-3lr. 6-10, R. 3-4, 
B. 1, D. l"/raVi -Ml OBNTKit Hotel (PI, g; I», 4|, Kaiser-Piita, at Ihe eorner 
ofBetbmun-Btr., well epoktiD of, R. 2Vi-l, B. 1, D. 2 Jl; Pbibz HituRtca, 
Scharaborgt-StF., B. 2-S Jl; HAtbl db Bidielleb (F1. ui D, 8), Orosie 
aal]u9-Blr.t4) DBETKaisEB(Fl.piD,4), OrosisrHiricbgrabeD S, &, 1" " 
n.'UJl; WfiRTTEHBEBSBR HoF (PI. h < E,S,4), FabrgaHe41, wlUi restM 

fair; GBfiNEEBiDB, O 

. Vogelgeaanggasje (PI. E, S, 41, unpntendinB; 

'-'-'•• '■•- " Tt.l7r2jr,B.TOpt.,, 

l.F,4), B,ll/rlV.,l>.l'/t^. 
a;henbeimer-AnlBga 33; Mr: 

siraase ^, Oronitn, Beethoven-Str. ti (S-S JIh Pritaeia Olea Ckmlh, 
Beetboven-Btr. Tl; Pan. JntenaUonali, Slsufen-Str. 31 (B-T JIh UitriKoH, 
Oallus-Anlage 1 and QutnBFweg24(4i/r') J^i; A. Barth. NledenauDS (t-B.Jt} ; 
J^M^gnrtrmMuj, Hainrer-LanditiaBBe&K^mS^; r<r](«-, 
(4-6^); Bain, Fenerbacta-Blr. 31, pens, from »J^ weeklv (for ladiea ud 
families) i i^anKfn KIta, Bockenheimer-Anlagi 21 (iVr6^). 

BaalKunnta. Wire. ■JCaHportai.GroaseBockenleliner-Blr.SO.D.SiAjr; 
'Butnu, Goethe-Str. 29 (Ist floor), t.'iSiMi Print vat Arkaiiin. atoms 
Bockenheimsr-Slr.S, witblerriee, l>.l'/>j»,-irD(f, Bopjen-Plaltli'/'oW^, 
Tbeater-Plai,. 7, D. from H/, m) Bfnhard, oT™er Kommark. 10, «iTh 

c. Google 

c. Google 

PratiUal Note. 

KUp, AlW H 

FRANKFORT. SH. Route. 223 

le-room an the upper floori Bt Ibe Tluaire (p. aU). *( 
3S6), mud >1 the 'Zoolofical Oardai ^.336). -~ CimlntttilBl 
li 3 (Bp&nigh udFortiigueee wln»). — PrinkCoit Cider : 
lie 29; Tiuloaia. Panlj-Piali li. — B>:ik. KaUtrhof, 
I Jim Hi JITOpC. (Piigen beer, Vlenria mlaiae); 

Tniiq A JprnaniEn fl^hlllpp.platv A nil' - --- - 

li Jli Zvr Optr, Opi 

d! fr^m i'jT 36%i.; 

Oi.Hi. •CV'I doiW'. ScUllleir-StT. 3, wilh mnnl pdniis^ ; 'BrUtol, in 
eP«i<erBuflp.a32);^aAr'V*B-(^,mlUieH61.Bri.tol(p-Kai OrfKam, 
ene ZelJ 80^ S'Dli&c'HKdl, AIlerlieDiEEn-Str. SS (Jeolsbli £aUir-Cafi, 
kiier-Slr. G8. - Oonreetianen. •^. R. Seuiiln, Eiiier-Str. XI i -A. BCdcAfi, 
jelbe-Flmti^, vilta Udiu' e«r£; /sAntr, O' etbe-Slr. 2I>; LOr, Opem-PlntK ; 
. furCi, Steiniregl ['Frankfurter BrcDtcB*), Gbacolale: DtOiargi, Lleb- 
muen-Str 3; 'Eatamlvbt- ts llie Goetbe-Plkli. 

Poat ud lele^rapb oa«e. In tbe Zell (PI. E. 3; p. 3?G). 

Olh P«7« (froiD il p.m. to a i,iB. dQ 


I."gg»;e. » pf. for eacb 
The Taxanuler Caii, dli 
•Te ■ different luiff for en 
Bleslna Tmnwija 

9 10 

r icio o' 

r 2011 .1. 

2 70 


iabed by the tiJl bala of the driven, 

{tOpf.. Including tiUKfera). Thu Tulloning line' need 

twljHenaine-bojrds)C™/rBlS/aH™(PI. B, i).Kai.-6I- 

(Pl.H 3). -2. (whiieb.,«rd"|Cn"™' 

■ " "■■"*).- 3. (wbitebu»rd-) 


C«<ro( fl(o(r« (PL."l 

E»chcnbeliD«,-Land-lia3«e(P,.D,2 l}-ffo(iAaBK.-a(r.— 4.C«bittbo»'aJ|C«i(™( 

Pl.A.l). — B.(tiHienboards)Cni(™i«oi(«i-Peuerb«ct-Str,(Pl.B.8,3)-B ckcn- 
hcimer-I,andsii«ae(PiaBiGBrden;-aK*«n*eionrirar«.— e.CbluebiiBdijJ'oJm 
aardtn f H„.<ert-9tr. ; PI. A, l>Oi*m-P]ati-Qoetbc-Srr.-Z*ll-J!(«(oiri™i Owdi^ 
- 7. (while b««rds) BBitmMfacr IfarlcOpem-PUti'.-Ztil-BerKe - 
H, 3, i^Bimheim. — B. (grs^n boaidi) BBctem»Hmtr ITarK-Opem- 
HL>D»ar-8lr.-IlBteF-)laln-Bru-kB (Pl.D, b)- aarlut^iKHea (Offen- 
jltlioB). - g. (ycUuw boaid-) Fulm Oiir<l*'>(RO!tert-3lr.i PL A,l)- 
-Vater-Vtia-Brat'-.e-Saihmiliaiam (Local Station), 
Light KoUirvrii 1 Brua Tkahwat to SttlurdUm ai 
ItninadiillyinitmlD. (comii P ~ ' 

(PI. H, 2, S) - 

29 tnina 

and I/eddfmhiim, 


u OJFml 

itartlDf (Tom tbe old Main bridge and stopping at Oiirrad, 
Ihm V), IS, 10 ft.}. - 3. Tbe Wa>.dmh» ('Fare<t Ll:>e 

Batha. H'onB at tta'S •BtBdiitihc SOi'tinmbad (PI, F,8), 

224 Ro«ie 2S. FRANKFOKT. ffiitorj). 

8tF., M Orifi, LeonhsrdEtbor (PI. E, 1), uid st All'i. Alle HsiDieriHSBS 
(PL D, 1). PurteA, ate., MStdwenhftiueD, Schaumilii-Rull. Anor falls 
in the Hkin (Fl. F, O, 1 ud O, D, b). 

Thettm. 'Ofira Hmut (PI. C, 2, 3; p. 333) ind Toon Thealn (PI. D, 3; 
p. S3S). both the propertT of the tonn (Uckot-ofBoea also M Schottciirels'B, 
KKissr-FlBti IT, ud Facha'9, Zeil 9). — Variey Theatn u, ibe Orvheim, 
Veat ZenlSm. 

Concsrti. The Ifmium-attilUchafl gWea ^ orcheetwl coocetH in 

FanuMent EihlhiUani of Art st the Anufcerim (Fl. D, 3). daily 
9.30-6, holidaje 10.30-1, (1 Jl}: Bmniei Pictwe Baloon.- Kaiser-Sti. 66; 
SelmUder-i KtmiUaloa, RoBsinaFkt 33; Serma, Lithhnaea-Slr. S. — Oulan't 
PaaepUcBm, Kaiser-Str. 6T. 

Britiih OoDiIll: F. Oppeniiiiatr, Eiq., Consul GeneilJ, Bocfeenheimer 
LaDdttraiis S; C. IT. Bcliiian, Etq., Viee-Conanl. — IFBited Statu Oanaul; 
mchari fliKBWw, £»(., Consol General, Kaieer-Str, 19; Geergi E. Uitrph^: 
t:iq.. Vice-consul General! fl. IT. Haaawr, Eig., DepulJ CDOEinl fleperal, 
le Frtnch dnrch, Goethe-Plati 7, at 11.16 
Im. 0. IT. XattinA, Eorner-Slr. 13. 

Chief Attraetlaiii (one day). In the moFDine the Roasmerkt and Qoalbe- 
Platz and the munuments there, Goethe's House (p. 336), the RCmer (p. SST). 
Cathedral (p. 329), the old brides over the Ualo, via the Stale) InatitatloD 
(p. iS6); afteronon, Palm Garden (p. 336); evening. Opera Honia (p. a3B)- 

FramkfOTt on the Main (300 ft.), with 305,000 inhah. (ineludlng 
29,000 Jews uid a garrison of 2200 eoldiers), focmeily a fiaa town 
of the Empire, lies in a Bpacioas plain bounded by mountBliig, on 
tbe light bank at the nayigable Main. On the left bank of the titer 
lies Sachiaihausen, a suburb connected with Frankfoit by Aye stone 
bridges, and by an iron suspenaion - bridge. Id a commeroial and 
still more in a flnanoial point of view, Frankfort is one of the moat 
important cities in Germany. The old part of the town conslsta of 
narrow andDn«ttracttTe streets, but the Zeil, the Hene Hainzer-Str., 
Kataer-8ti., Frieden-Str., We., boast of many handsome modern 
buildings. The town is surrounded by 'Anlngai , or publio groDDds, 
laid out on the site of the fortifications remored In 1806-12. Beyond 
these are suburban streets extending to Bomheiin on the N.E. and 
BockenhtlTtt on the M.W. The most fashionable quarter Is the West 
End, between the Taonas Promenades, the Bockenbelm High Road, 
and the West-En d-Platz. The Industrial Interests are mainly con- 
i^entrated in the S.W. part, beyond the GalluBwartB (PI, A, 4, 5), 
The air of wealth and impoitanoe which pervadee the city affords an 
indication of the success and eitent of its commereial relationa. 

Frankfort li flret meDtiooed In 793 as the seat of the royal reitdenca 
('Pfalz') of ' Fraaetnofard' (fotd of the Franka). and In TU Gharlema«iie 

the ereenon of a new palace (com p. p. 328) by Ixiaii t£e Fious'in 832 

of the death ot Louis the Oermaa (STG) it wu alreaXr looked upon la 
the capital of the Rast FranlilBh Empire. Id 1333 Frankfort had become 
pracMcallF Independent of Oie rofal power, and in the IBth cent, il wia 
omclallf recognlied ai a 'free imperial town'. One of the most Imporlaat 

^rly "as 'iSjd, 'l 

» 1330j I 

duriDK ths I6lh and 17lb ceoL u t csnlre of domutlc ud foreigD tiadt. 
It nu also ihe heidqusrlerg of the Germtui book-lnuU down to tbs «iid 

laOB It vu [eoognlied b; tbe Oolden Bull of Chvlu IV, <p. 239) u the 

fBrmuisnt Best of tbe electioiu. Od the dIsgoluUun of Ibe Empire Id 180S, 
nnkfort wu mide ortr to Cirl tan Dalberg, Primsle of the Bheniab 
ContsdentloD (prgrloatlT Archbiibop or Xijancc), ud in ISIO it became 
Ibe ewltU of Ihe nud-diuhT of Frankfort, wbich included AichnffcDburc, 
UMUn, Fuldi, Hid Wetilu. From 181B to IS66 II wu one of the four free 
citlu or tlia dennaii ConfederatioD ind the scat of the Diet, and ia 1866 
It pMMd to PmHla. The tormeiiy Heiaian town of Boctm/iilm «ai In- 
eorporaled wiUi Fraskfott in iBSO. 

1. Eaiier-Btrfuic and Zeil. 

The *CentraI BailwKf Btation (PI. B, 4, 5}, ■ Uige and band- 
some bnUding by Eggeit and Frantz (1883-88), is ona of tbe finest 
and moat couvenient Etatians on the Contiuent. It is richly adorned 
with allegotleal aculptnrea (Genius of Steam, EleetricUy, Agileultuie, 
luduatry, ete.) and cost about 1,650, CNXI^ Its eTectloo, and the le- 
moral of the Weatein Stations outside the Taunus-Thoi, have com- 
pletely ebanged the appeaiance ot the 9.W. pait of tbe town. The 
principal approach to the loner town Itom this aide 1» the ImpoElng 
JUiBBK-SrausB (PI. B, 0, D, 4). At tbe point where this gtieet 
crosses tbe Gallua Promenade (Pi. C, 4) are a aock Tawer and (to 
the ligbl) the Nem ThratTt (p. 234]. Tbe etreet then leads via the 
Kaiser-Platz, with its tasteful lounl^n, to the Rossua&xt (P). D, 3), 
in the W. half of which rises ibe Mtmwnent of Qutmberg, erected in 
1858, a fine group on a targe sandstone pedestal, designed by Ed. von 
der Launlti. Tbe central figure with the types In tbe left band Is 
Qulenberg, on hla right Fust, on bis left SchSffer. On the frieze 
are porlralc - heads of fourteen celebrated printers, with Caiton 
among them. In tbe four niches beneath are the arms of the four 
towns where printing was first practised, Mayence,Franl[fort,TenlGe, 
and 3traBsburg. Round the baae are figures representing Theology, 
Poetry, Natural Science, and Industry. 

Tbe GoaTSB-PLATz (PI. D, 3), which adjoins the Rosamartt on 
the N., is embellished with Schwanthaler's MonumaU of Qoetht, 
erected in 1844, twelve years after the poet's death. The reliefs on 
the pedestal In front are allegorical; on the sides are figures from 
Goethe's poems. — On the left is the Freneh Rtformtd Oiureh of 1 792 
(French service on Sun. at 9.30, Ensllsb at 11.30 a.m. and 3. SO 
p.m.). — Farther on, in the Tbeater-Platz (PI. D, 3), rUes tbe Old 
Theatre (erected In 1782), which it it now proposed to pull down. 

Adjoining the Rossmarkt on the 14. E. side Is the Scuillbb- 
Platz (P1.D,3}, with the BuupttcocAf, built as a guard-bouse in 
1T29 but no lonjer used as such, and t. Statue of SchilUr In bronze, 
from a model by Dlelmann (1863). Among tbe handsome buildings 
endoiliig this squire ale the Bavaria, the Alemannia, and the Hatu 
lumKauerKail. Ti the right rises the Kalliarinen-Kirche(P\. D,E, 3), 

BaaliEkaa'e KbinLi. ifitli Edit. 15' 

ZZb Routt 28. FRANKFORT. b.OldTotrn: 

bDilt in 1660, with nameious tombe (one of 13T8) and modeni 
st^ned-glaas windows from dealgua by Stslnle and LinnemaiiD. 

We now enlei tbe ZsU (PI. E, F, 3), ■ broad and handMme 
street, tbebaalestinFraaktort, oonslatlng chleBf of sttraetWe shops. 
To tbe left la the handeome Qenerai Poit Office (PI. E, 3), built 
by Ahiens and Frinzbaneen in 1892-94 and adorned witli gronpi in 
copper by Hansmann. Tbe monument to Emp. William I. In the 
eonrt, wltb a colossal bust, Is by Kruger (1896J. Tbe old Palact of 
Ptinet TTtum and Taiii, built in 1731 , which contained (he assembly- 
ball of tbe German Diet (Bundestag) down to 1866, now alio belongs 
to the post-offloe (eiitr., QrosBe Eachenheimer-Str, 26). 

The Uebfrsueo-Straase, (be firit croBS-street en the S., leads Into the 
hurt of the Old Tdwd. Inuoedulel) lo Out left itandi the Rom. Gath. 
lAtb/rawKf Kirch* fVi. E, S; IStb cent.}, with tbree oM tfimbaUlnea (one, in 
tbe left ^le, of 1393), Tbe Llebfrauep-Btr. I< cootinaed to tbf RBuerbeis 
(p. m) bj (he Nene Srsme, paising (be Old SxArngt (Fl. B, i). 

Faitfaei on tbe SchiLfergasse leads from the Zell to tbe left to the 
disoMd Cemetery of St Peter (p. 234], and the Bome-Str.. beyond 
the Jfartef (PI. E, 3), totberightto tbe old Jewish qastter (p. 232). 
— In the Mius Zbix , to the left , ate the Foliet HeaiqaarUrs 
(Fl. F, 3), beyond which are the handsome Law Ctmrti (PI. F, 2, 3J, 
a Oennan RenaisBsnee stracture by EndeU (1884-89). — Fdedberg 
Promenade and Zoologiuil Garden, see p. 235. 

b. The Old Town. Streets on the Slgltt Bank of the Hain. 

The picturesque network of streets In the Old Town affords a 
good Idea of the otiglnal Frankfort, though some of them bate now 
been cleared away to make room for new thocoagbfaces. 

At Orosse Hlrschgraben 23 Is the *Ooethe Home (PI. D, 4), whete 
the poet was bom (28th August, 1749) and spent bis boyhood (open 
on week-days 8-1 & 3-6, on Sun. and holidays 10-1 ; adm. 1 Jl'). 
Tbe house was purchased by the 'Dtulscke Boehstiff in 1863, and 
has been reilored to the oondltlon in which It wss after tbe altera- 
tions made in 1765 (tee 'Dichtnng und Wabrbeit'). 

Tbe aBOCHIi Flooe contains tbt dining-room lod kitchen, Tha former 
wag mlBo the r'-um of Callatiaa fHuMA GiMlia (1731-18(6), eoethe'g 
mother. — On the sUircase arc the 'Eoman Views' mentioned In 'Dlchlnog 
und "Wabrheil'. 

FiBST Floob. The three rooms Inwards (be atreet were those oeenpled 
by Lient, Thorene in il09. The 'Karl Augml Eooio' (l) was oecnpiod Tor 
scleral days in 1738 by the Dnke Ghades Aupisius of Weimar, when 
visiUcg Goelhe's parents. — Towards Ibe court is the murio-room. 

° ■" ilille ftontroom contains tbe pielnre-BsUery of the 

poet's father, C 
iT6B. To the 1 

ke room of Qoethe'i sister CnwUa 
er, sDd Faiiti. In the adjolnliig 

Homer. fllANKFOltT. SS. Rwte. 227 

The archway in the court leads to the Soethe llnwiim, contain- 
ing remilristencea of the poet'a boyhood and also of his latsrreUHona 
with his native town. It Is adorned with maible bnEta of him and 
of his parentE. 

Od Uie walls are Ihe larger poitraiU of Qoelhe, his family, and olbcrs. 
On tbe rear-wall are tie 'Joseph P^nUngs' by TrauHnaim and Sieiali. — 
The Bhow-cauB and cupboards eimlain smaller relics, snoh u silhonetUs, 
antographa, UBS., drawinn, iettera, viewi of places meatiODed in 'DichtuDg 
iind Wahrkeit', etc. <- l\e rooms aboie Ibe museum contain ibe Ohi/u 
Litrarp of the Deutsche Uochstift (p. 326) , a specialiied collecUon of tlie 
claislcBl period of German literature, nith Oaethe as Its centre 130,000 vols). 

We follow the Hlrechpaben towards the S. to the Mint (Pt. D, 4], 
and then proceed to the left through the new Bethmann-Str, and 
between the still unflnfghed additions to the Romei (eee below), to 
the PiDLB-PLiTK fPl. E, 4), with the Church of St. Paul {boU to 
the light), a rotnnda bnjlt In 1833, where the Genuui pailiament 
of 1848-49 held its oieetlnKB. 

TheI{e>iB^E£Q(Fl. E,4), ot market- place in front of the Bomer, 
which down to the end of last century no Jew was permitted to enter 
(comp. p. 232), is the centre of tbe Old Town and was the scene of 
those public rejoicings after tbe election of an emperor which Goethe 
so graphically describes in his aatobiogiaphy. The Juslilia Fountain 
in the centre, erected in 1&43, and adorned witb a atone figure of 
JnaticeinlGll, was completely renewed in 18&T and fuiniahedwith 
a dgare in bronze. Wbile the coronation banquet was being held In 
the KEtmer this fountain ran for 11/j hr. with red and white wine. 

The ■Bimer (PI. E, 1) is the name now applied to the Tovn 
Mail, which consists ot a gronp of twelve separate old houses and 
TBrions large new buildings between the R5meiberg, the Bomei^Bsse, 
the Buohgasae, and the Barf&ssergasae (open daily 6-7, 50 pf. ; Mon. 
£ Wed. iO-i. tree). Three of Uie houses In the Romerberg were 
supplied In 1896-B8 with new late-Qotblc fa^adea, with lofty gables, 
from the plans of M. Meeliel. These are the ao-called Att-Limpury, 
at the comer of the Umpurgergasae, the seat In the 17th cent, ot tbe 
influential patrician giilld of that name; the Bout lumRdtner, prop- 
erly so-called, fitted up In 1405, along with the 'Goldener Scbwan' 
behind it, sa a town-hall, with large halls on the groundfloor; and 
the Hmu Lotwetwtein. The Haua Ftauetuttin (r.), formerly the head- 
quarters ef another patrldan sadety, has a p^ted fa^de in the 
taste ot the 18th century, Tbe Salihatii, at the corner ot the Wedel- 
guse, has rnstica pillars and fine iron scieena; the end-fafade is 
carved in wood. The ffaui Warwbach, Wedelgaase 3, Is a character- 
istic timber structure of the IGtb cent., with a small and pictnresqae 
court i It was restored in 1838-90. The fafade of the Goldentr Schvan 
dates from 1731. Beyond the court, in the Limpuigergasse, is the 
Haas aitberberg, restored In 1898. 

The new buildings (1900-1903) were designed by Yon Hoven and 
Hthtr. The 'Siidbau', extending on the W. to ' " ' 

228 BouU W. FKANKFOKT. (>. Old Toan: 

ilE lofty toirei, Is iu the Qermui RensisEsnce atyle; the smaller 
'Wordiau', which fs connected with it by & bridge over tha Beth- 
mann-SCT., te in the baroque atyle. 

lion. — From tfas fton 

Taoltlng of lh« nteirsy in the E>u« Silbcrbi 
e in the court of the .■■■•■ ■■""" ■- 

.impnrg (IBCr 
tr-TTtppi (ITi 

•KiuHruiil(Bdm.&Bean»oii.MdWed.,lG-l; on other days, M,bTtlekat, 
5Cc., obtained Id Ui« conn), vben the new emperor dined with the eleekon 
andeboiredblnueltfrom the belconT to Iba people sasembUd OB the Rfimer- 

pleie'd JD lill, MpeatediT reitored, and tborougUy renewed in'l888W. 11 
IS embeUlahed mtb ParlraiU of llie Emptrori, bj Vtil, Btndtmiam, Ll$- 

(76siH) by Ph. Vdi (W, wall), and Frederiok I. BerbuoSBa (tl6a-1190>, by 
Leasing, a figure full ofmajesl; and repose. Above the portri^t of Cbarle- 
niBf ne <3 tbe Jodiment uf Solumon by Blelnle (1310' The marble statue of 
Emp. WHllem I. (d. 1888) is by JToupn-l (IWfll). — We neit enter tlie — 
-WaUiunmer (eleetlen-ronm), remodelled in 1T31-BZ, where the eleclon 

The new 'Siidbeu', entered from the (ront hg'li, eonlalDe the IteOitttller: 
above this and adjoining Ihe Wahliimmer is ihe Paituul, approached by 

The S. Elde of the Romerbeig is honaded by the ITisalHi-Kiioha 
(PI. E, 4), aa elegant church or the 13th cent. , with one aisle only 
(N.^, and a mas»iTe tower adjoining the choir. It was altered in the 
iate-Oothie style in 14S0 and restored In 1842-46. Altar-piece, a 
ResQrreetion by Bethel. 

A little to the S. of the Romerberg ia the old Fdir-Thor, to the 
left of wblch, at the comer of the qnay, riiea the fi«nl«nIAunn, a 
lellc ot the old fcrtillcaHoiLs erected in 1455, Adjacent la the Eiaal- 
hof{Pl.E, 4), built in 1717, and occupying the site of an imperial 
palace of that name ('cauls regta'}, which was built by Oharlemagne 
and renewed by Loula the Fioua in 822 (comp. p. 224). The palace 
was mortgagedby the emperors in the 14th cent., and waatrequently 
altered, particularly In the 18th and 19th centuries, so that no ex- 
ternal trsae of the original edifice dow remains. The only old part 
is the Bomanesque chapel (now a prliste room). 

On the Main, a little lower down, ia the Roman Catholic 
Chnieh of St. Leonhard (PI. E, 4), begun In 1219, probably on tha 
site of the royal grange, with a late-Qothto choir bnlltln 1134, 
the whole completed iu 1507, and restored in 1806-11 and 1662. 
The two Romanesque towers of the choli belonged to the original 
strnctuie. On that to the N. is seen the imperial eagle, said to have 
been bestowed by Lewis the Bavarian on the abbey for senloes ren- 
dered to him In defiance of the papal ban. 

iBTiaioa ieolr. In the V. aisle]. The 'Salvatoi-ChBrleio', or chapel to 
the left ot the ehoir (UKH), is noUbU tor its TanltioE wlili the detaebed 

to the cbarch before its eitensian. Over tbal to tbe E. Is an old relief. 
Anrlent mnra] painllnes. Including a Last Judgment (restored) above tbe 
iTlumphal aroh. Tbe aliar-plece to tbe rigbl of the chair Is by Buinlt. 
AdJKCent, U the entrance tn tbe elde-cbapel, is a Last Supper by Salbtin 
'Ha Elil4,- ipredella ot the altar-piece menUoned at p. aSlJ. 

Calhtdral. FRANKFORT. 38. Routt. 229 

On the Untermiin Quay (No. 16] U the Holhsehild Library, open 
ll-Imdl^, Sun. 10-1. 

The itreet i»U«d the Maket (Pt. E, 4) leads ^m the K<i- 
merbeTg towards the E. to the cstbedial. At the coiDer of the 
Remeibeie, on the right, U the houte Zttm Orotien Engel, of 1562, 
in the Gothic and Kenalseance etyles. Behind Is tiieNSntbergtr Hof, 
a tlDibei-bailt honee with a Gothic passage and rich ciosB-Taulting. 
To the left, Hukt No. 44, the StHntme Bam, a oastle-llke Gothic 
building (1464), wJtli loand'srch frieze and coTner-tDrret*, a etatae 
of the Virgin, andallneTaulteflgate. Adjeeent, intho narrow eoutt 
of No. 30, are two carved friezes representing the Fall and the Fio- 
dlgd Son, in the Btyle of H. 8. Beham (16tb cent.). Nearly opposite 
is ths Tuehgaden, where the guild ot butchera offered a draught of 
honour to the emperor when proceeding after his coronation from 
the cathedral to the Romer. Farther on, Markt No. 6, Is the Qoldent 
Wagt, with a rich fafade and a fine stucco ceiling on the upper Boor. 
Opposite is the Haia aim Rtiaock, with a pictorelqne court 

The *0athednl(5(. Barlha2om<ic,-Rom. Cath.; Pl.E, 4), origin- 
ally fonnded by Lewis the German about 870 and reconsecrated 
in 12S9, is the oldest church in the city. The short Gothic nave and 
aisle) date from the rebuilding in 1235-39, the choir «as erected in 
1315-38, and the unusnaliy long transept in 1346-63. The cloisters 
were added in 1348-1477 and tbe tower In 1415. The Wahlkapelle 
dates from 1356, hsTlng apparently been erected in connection with 
tlie Qolden Bull (p. 326) ; the late-Qothfc Scheidkapelle in the S. 
aisle, from 1487. The ctiarcb was seriously injured hy a flre In 
August, 1867, hut was restored In 1669-81 by the architect Den- 
tingtr. On that occasion the vault of the nave was raised, the 
cloisters were completed i^-om the old plans, and the tower, left un- 
finished in 1512, and now 312ft. high, was flniihed from the designs 
of the architect Hani von Ingtlnhtim (1483), which had been dis- 
eoTered in the rounlclpal archiies. The eiowning of the tower with 
an octagonal cupola sDimounted by a spire is peculiar. In 1901-2 
all the buildings surrounding and masking the oathedisl were 
cleared away. 

Intarin. Aecees to tbe church ii obtained by 1L« H. portal (best time, 
about 10-11 a-ni,, doseit li,e0'2; good Itglit nacuiary). ~ Id the N, trSDaept 
are the TomtiB o! Johacn von HolEhamen (d. iSSSi and Rudolph too 
Sacbieahauiea C^. i8!0). - The chapel adjoinins tbe choir oo the lefl 
conUlna a Icnacoda group ot the Death o! Mary, prraanted in U80. Ths 
beaatlfal llve-llghl window wu eiecnled b; D<ion, after an snelent deeign 

Into an altar In IflM. Adjacent are a canopy (modem figure ot the Virgin) 
and a Bae terracotta clborlnm (lltb cent.). — Bj the B. portal \c the t«inb 
of Andreas Hirde (lBi8), with a relief of the Mocking of Christ. — The 
frescoes In the transept, by Sleinli and MnHmann, repreient evcDts from 
tbs biitori of the town: tbs Council of Frankfort (TM); Reeonclllation of 
Olhol. and bli hrathBr Duke Henry (»4I), Conrad 111. and St. Beraird of 
I (IU7)i Burial of Gtlnther yon Behwanburg {lfllB)j Oaplstrano 
:e (143t) < Albert Achilles of Brudenbarg carried Inio 


830 SouU 33. FRANKFORT. b. Old Tovm: 

iDd (he Impcrfil prOMuiuD to tli« RCmer. — The coronslion or the ev- 
peroti osed to b« aolemniled by Ibe Elector of Miy^'xe benutb Itie crOH- 
ing, origlDjiIlT before th« iltar tbat stood bers until ITU. The rite of Ibe 

ceUbnted at the big^-iltar. To the right Is the Wa/iui^iilt (election 

entrsace atindi the beauUfnl monument of the Oetman king. SOhMa- iroit 
St/varOutg, who died In 1943 at Frankforl, vhere he had taken refuge 
from his apponent Charlen IV. The armonal burlngs around It belo^ 

The Cboib ii gBnenilly eloead. 'ibe chair italta date Fnnn tSH. Aboic 
them are ajident frencues id the ityle of the Colotne KhoDl, represenilng 
= otSt, Barlholomew, doling from HOT. The tabernacle In tjje tboir 
rom the earli ISlh eenl. anf ta perhaps by Medtra Berlmrr, the llret 
»t of the tower. To (be ri^t ig a CruciOitaa hi Fas Dfck. 

In theXivE, by SltMi and ^nfununn, repre«nt (he 
uicb end other aubjects. — The Srlieldit^ai <p 230), 

Foriu of Kercy, eiecuial by ariU froiu Slitnlti deiigna 

On the ohtalde or the N. wall of the choir ii a larfe Cruoiailan, 
executed In tufa In IfiOS for the Franktoit patrician Jacob Hellei. 

Ike liOTue Dom-PIatz No. 4, to ItiB E. of the catliedTal, beats a 
Email lellef of Lul^r, In memorf of the tradiUon that on his Jamney 
to WonoB (p. 282) be preached ft seimau here. 

To the S.,Wec1uaaikt 1, ace tbeMiuiieipftlRM«iidOIfic«('lrcll<v- 
gtidude; Fl. E, 4), built In 1874-77 from deiignsb;D«is(n0ir, aiid 
the old Leinwandbaut (or Drapers' Hall), dating from the end of tbo 
i4tb cent., restored in 1692 and again lu 1900-2. The Dpper story 
of the former coutaloB the hiatorical archlTea, while the lower story 
and the entire Leinwandhaaa are devoted to the 'Mdnioifai. Hib- 
TOBiCAi^ MvHHiTu (opSH Free on Sun. and Wed., 10-1, uid on the 
1st & 3rd San. in each month, 2-4; other dayB, 9-1 & 3-6, 50 pt.). 
Mom of the rooms are poorly lighted. Director, O. ComUli good 
'Guide' (1902) 00 pf. 

ttiioK I. (Enlranf Sail of the Arobiye BofJding). Hunielpal hanners 
[1G-I8th cento. cMc nDiriimii aod weapons of Frankfort, insliumenii or 
tortnre-, on Ihe «»1H, Inmba from the old St. Petor'i Cenetery {p. 331) 
and imlth'i work) itilned glaii of the 14-ibIh cent.^ 'Qlot'a Oolann' 
from Heddemheim. — Koov II. Ethaogiaphlc CoUection. ~ Ka»M 111. 
Coslnmen ofoilJEeDi from 1700 la ISBO; llVankfort Dfflclal coitumui doll'* 
houee(171S)i local t^oitumea from the nelBbbourhood of FnnktoTlipeaeant'i 
room fromHeeae. — SooHlV. Eeipliau Collection-, aneco-ltallo vaisa and 
broDsei; object! from lake-dwelllnei In Switicrlandi objecla from tomuli 
In the viclnitj of Frankfort. -~ Hoou V. Eoman, Frankiib, and eaily- 
Germao sntiquillea; vaiaa, broniei, glasa, large AHlhrai-rellef | Greek, 
l^truscan, and Roman helmela. — Boon TI. Armour and weapona. — in 

i«d a 

Old' ohQlr- alalia 

Rook VIL On the eeiling, two large eaglea from a canopj u»e_ .. 
eorooationji eagle from the fountain on the Ramerbeig (p. 32^1 guild. 

pede, alt — CBipiL (formerly the Debtori' Priton). Old oL._ 

(iOmi and pnlplt) Blained glaaa (lath cent.). — Through the coirUar ID 
the rl^bt we reaeb Ruoh VIll, which cunUini 'PilntingB by sarly-0«nnaa 
m^lcri flB-ieih cent.), el,., (in Ihe nmln wall lo the r^bt are iBHction. 

HiiloT. JlfuMum. FBANEFOKT. SA. Route. 261 

i>F s large ttlUtr-pieee (ibB Passion) ptinled in the atudln of Bavi BeBieii 
1/14 Kder in 1601 lor ihe former Dominican chnrch. aniCanttiiaeclioii: 
3S0-330. Icwtf R/ioHih StUool, Scries ol palnliaga (end of (lie Ifltb cent.), from 
tba Cumallte church. 3rd Seclioo : Ci»iratl Fyollil), !S9. Virgin and Child 
wllb St. Anna, m 361. Birih and l)«alb of ths ViTgioi "m. Old cap;, 

painted in iSM [or Jacob Heller, purchued in 1615 hy Elector 'Uailmilisn 
of Bavaria, and destroyed by Itre at Hanicb in IBTt (tha wlngi are the 
original prodnclioni of Uurer'i iludlo). 4ih Section: i3Sin6. BmtBaldmt 
Oritn, Biptiam of ChrLil. On the rear-Ball : no nombM, S^U of Btglir 
R» *r Wri/den, Small aiUr-piecs ; EOS BOB. U. fli-fl™Mald, HS. Cjriac and 

(16ih cent). In Ibis room are aleu chesta' and csbinels (IMTib cent.), 
small examples of ecclesiastical art (12-ltiih cent,), albnms (IT-lSib cent.}, 
and pattnla of nobility (li?-19th oent.)- — Through ihe corridor to the riobt 
we reach Rook IX. Foitraiti of citiieni of Fiankforl (IT-ISlh cent.), 
eecleaia^tical Tcstmeals (14-lBlb cent.], etc. — Euou X. Zinc, copper, and 
brass work [17-l»tb cent.), muaical inalrnments (16-19lb cent.), etc — We 

B J«irlih ritual, madisral ebarcb ntanriZs, guild paraphamjUia, 
nlcal and optical initrumenta, and tbe old ataodatd welghti aad 
:> of Frankfort when a free city. — StAaiciBi: Old views and 
F Frankfort. 
It Floor. The cahiaels In ths Corbidor contain maaoni* ineignia, 

le p. -£1}' i-DHraits of e'iQpen>F9 ; Caronallou of Juaaph 1 .—Booh XI. 

andgobleti) table-sei 

by Franklbrt artiila (IT-lfttb cent.). 3cd A 3rd Cab. : Piintingi, iba belt 
of which (beslda Ihe Srsl window in Cab. 3) is a Uadonna In an arbonr of 
rotes, of the ScHovI of Ifiitiir WilHtlm of Cotosnt Id. 1»TU). Here are also 
watcheg(IS-10th cent.),snDff-hoies. and Irlnkotg [IT-bth cent). — Rook Sill. 
Qtau (le-lSlh cent.). Igt Cab. : Views of Frankfort, Incindlng a Panorama 
of FnokiOrt in ISU, by Morftxiim (psn-and-iok sketch); miniatores. 
3nd Cab.: Koom from iho Kroggiasei in Ihe centre a Freoeh pianoforte 
(p. 28»). "*'" ' ^ *■ ' * '■ ""■ "*""'" " """' 

To tbe 8.B. oC the cathedra], in the FshigaeBe, ia the Ute- 
'Gothic Sous %mm EanUateh (No. 17). — At Uie 8. end of the 
FahigUBe, with Itg pictuesqaa old houseB, la the Old Bridg* 
(PI. F, 4) over the Main, sonstiucted of red Bindstone and 870 ft. 
In length. It U menHoned In a docoment of 1222, hut baa been 
several ttmea restored. The middle of the bridge la emhetllahed 
with a Statue of Charltmagne (1843]. Near It Is ■ medinval Iron 
oioas, with a flgnre oi Chriat. Tbs preaenoe of the cock which snr- 
moimts it is exptained by the tradition, that a cock became tiie 
victim of a tow made by ths architect, to aaoriflce to the devil tbe 
first living being that crossed tbe bridge. — Fot Aichienbauien, 
see p. 236. 

The qua; flanlwd with lofty hoases , vrbteh extends along the 
right bwik of the river, is called the .ScMne AtuiicM (PI. F, 4}. 
A tablet on Mo. 17 Indicates the honse In which the philosopher 
^riftttr Scioptnfcauw (1788-1860) lived in 1843-59 (tbe dalea on the 
tablet are wrong). At the upper end, the I'pptr Main Bridge, bailt 

232 Roult ^8. FRANKFORT. b. JVortttm Pari 

ill 1878 by L«utei, croaaea the river. In front of It sre r ButtofLti- 
ting, In muble, by Eaupert, and the — 

Town Libniry (PI. G, 4), bulil by Hat in 1820-25, with a con- 
epienooB Corinth tan portico, and altered and enlarged In 1891-93 by 
Wollf. On the attic Btories of the wlnge are eight statnea of pro- 
minent citlzena of Frankfort; and in the pediment ia a fine groap 
by SehierhoUi. Director, Ftof. Ft. Ebrard. 

In Ibc iBTEBini, at Ibe fool of the itilrcaie, i< a mirbu Sialut tf 
aoeOt, t>r P. Harebell (1838), buldea nblcb lliere are bolts Id mirble of 
Srenlane, SBIiatr, Savlfitt/. uid other Frankfort celebrllleg. The CEJline- 
paiiitiae is by r. Kirdiiaeh. — Tbe llbru-jr eontslcg about Slfi.ODD vola,, 
an exhibition of Talaabts KSS., jninled works, hindlnti, etc. (the laller 
open tree, week-d ays 10-13, Sun. and bolldkyi 11-1) calalogne 10 pf.). The 

sappl; of newipapari, Is open on Hon.-Frid, lOi and i^ Est. 10-1. 

At the bacli of the Libtary, Ltinge-Str. So. i, is the Hotpital of 
ihe Holy Ohost. In the gronnds adjoining tlie Reohnei-Oraben (pond; 
W. G, 3, 4) is a Burt of SeUpenhauer fp. 231), erected in 1895. 
From t^e Rechnel-Graben the Kecbneigraben-Strasae leads to tl)c, 
W. totheBorne-nati, In which ia a Synajosue, built in 1881. At 
the N.W. corner of the square diTerges the Bome-Strasse (Fl. F, 3], 
formerly the Jadangaase, tbe dingy houses of which haia been 
removed with the exception of tbe o1di7ciu«e of the RothiehUd Family 
(No. 26, to the right). 

Down lo tbe regime of tbe Prince PrimntG (p. 22^) in 1806, the Joden- 

bolidaya tttronghont Ibe wliOle d&y, wltb lock and kaj, and no Jew migbl 

Ibla tyranny, many Sonliena of these sqnilid purlieus flu urisbod, and among 
them (be now anormooelj weillhy Rolhichild f«nilj. 

At the end of the BBroe-Strasae stands the old Synagogue, 
erected byEiyeer in 1855-60. The Bornbeimer-Struse leads hence, 
Joining the Fahrgaase (p, 231), to the Zeil (p. 226). 

c. northern Part of tho Innot Town. 

From the S.W. comer of the Roismarkt (p. 225) the Groaee 
Oallna-Strasse (PI. D, S, 4) leada to tbe old Tnunua f^ale. To tbe 
left ia the bonae (No. 19; memorial tablet) in which Olio von Bia- 
murnS llrei whan Pmaalan ambassador to the Diet in 1652-58. — 
At the end of the atreet we turn to the right into the Nedb MarK^BK 
Stbassb, in which, to the left ([fa. 49), stands the building of tbe 
yolyUcknl': So'iety, contiinlng (on the Ist floor) the •MniBum Of 
Art and I&dnatr7(Pl. C, 3), a collection of considerable value (open 
10-6, onSun.&holldaya 10-1,30; adra. 50 pf., free on San. £ Wed. ; 
elossd on Mon.). 

Booii I. Modern art, Hedila and plaqueltea by BbIh, CTopIota, and 
otbera. AcqnliiUoni from the Pari) Eihlbillon (!«»}. 

Rook II,, wllh Renalaaance pinelliDg. Book-bindings, from tht Ootbio 
period onward; leather hinjiags (L7-i91h cent.). - Boon III. -PanelliDg 
ir-wn lbs Hans inm FOrjIeoeck (p. 2111, dillne from iB16 (geHlag only % 

neriodiull;) rroi 
and eater - 

Rook Vn. 1 
KooH VIII. G«tl7 itaCB. intlBdiog Coptic fkbiiu of lb« fi-Slh < 

Boon IX. Wood-carvlnii I Uiwttry (IMh cent.). la Bee, A: elauDFjieis 
cirred Rjulasancs cibia t from Lions (leth cent.)! It&llaD weddlnf-clifila 
i.f the Birly Rentjiwnce (ca. USO): FJonntlDe ciftninm, In the etfle uf 

repreaenliog "le Crucill'.ion, after an engraving bj JuclMiio ifc- JTkK (IMi)| 
a pupil of Barcanlonloi Italian BeoaiMance door-knoclt*r(. Bee B^ Genn.n 
end Dulfh BcDBiaaance funillnre (lft-17lh cinl.): inlaid eupboard from 
Bothnnbure (Sod balf of 16tb ceil.), Dntcb oak llaan-cb«it (ca. 16U0)l 
ebony arne-cbe" from AoB»bnrg (ITth cent.). Qerman rtoneware. Set 6: 
romltare (L7lb and Early IHtb cent.)', 'Altar of Ibe Prelatu', from Hayence 
(17JU), witb fine inlarslawoik and (moderDl ailrer relleb; BntDmbmeiK, a 
relief in lead by JC. Domiir. In tbe centre, modem and otber glaia 

KODH S. Furniture and carvings (Ibtb cent.), isclndlnE a rococo 
roniDle-tahle (ca 17^); UcrniDu, French, and Ddtfi fayence; Eoglldi atone- 
irarei Bne porcelain from H6ch<l. ~ Bouii XI. Oriental worli: P,»alan 
andTurklib fayence) Paral&n glasi (IMUIb cent.) and Ulet (13-16lli cent ); 

On the walla. Oriental fahrii. *" " ' . ■ ■ 

BookXU, LinelCoIlectian ofrnmilnFa. porerlaia, etc.: Duttb cabinet 
- ■ >6ln iheatyle of Lonia SVl.; 

M porcelain rAllecnric^ Oroup); 
■0 •Beliefs, i- ' ■■ — ■• — - 

Oerinan ataneware; two *Bellefs, In lioiy, wood, and marble, by Ba'ier- 
a'lmii/ (1714; Sii»BBa,Ja>-pb and Potlphu'i Wife). — Watcbea, NDfl'-tiDies, 
and trinkela. 

Bouu XIII. Worka In metal. In lbs centre, reproducliuna of old gold 
and silver plate. In (he wall-cabinet, aniall antique W4itk> of art, rcpro- 
dnctlona or tbe allrer lrea«urea fuund at IlUdeabeim and Boacoreale. — Tbe 
articlei eibibiled In Room XIV and XV ara periodically changed. 

Tha sdjaininf bTiildingon the left contains, on tbe lit floor, the 
LiWary of Art and Induttry (open Taea. to 3at., 10-1 and 6-9, In 
winter also on San., 10-1 ; Dlreetor, Dr. Btader). 

Farther on »te the Bank of Tradt and Induttry (l.), the Jmptrial 
Boni(r,), and the FrarJcfort Bank (l). — In the Junghot-Str., wllch 
here diverges to the right, ate tlie Saalhau, byH. Bnrnltz, for con- 
certs »nd b»lU (Hoa. 19, 20], the Deutachi-Vtrcim-BarJc (Ha. 11), 
and the Frankfort Art Union (No, 8; tim., see p. 224). The 
Junghof-Str. en^a at the Raseraarkt (p. 225). 

Meat tbe old Boctenheimer Thor riies the magnificent •Opera 
Houm [PI. 0, 2, 8), designed by Lucat (d. 1877), and opened in 
1880. It ean accommodate 2000 Bpectatots, The Bculplutea in the 
pediment in front are by Kaupert, those at the back by Rvmpf, botb 
of Frankfort. Most of tbe maial paintings in tbe interior were eie- 
cnted from cartoons by Sltinlt ; the diop-jcene, repteaentlng the 
Prologae to Fanat, is by Bter and Oratt [aftet Stelnle) ; and the 
prosoenlnm-fiieie by O. Donmr von Richler. — Opposite the Opera 
House, in the Tannus Promenade (p. 234), is a Monument to Emp. 
WlUlam /,, by Buscber, erected in 1898. — From the Opern-Plati 
to the Palm Oaiden, see p. 236. 

We now return thtoogb tbe Grosse-Bockenhelmer-Str. or the 
new and busy Ooethe-Stnuie (PI. D, 3) to the Theater-Platt (p. 226). 

234 Botrf* 3fl. FRANKPOBT. d. FromenaSes 

The fioreen-Str. leads hence to the left to the Hew Exchuige (iVfuc 
BoTM; PI. D, 3), built hy BumiU and Sommer In 1879, with » 
handBome Renalswnce hill (bnsiness-houra 13-2). The N.E. and 
W. galleries contain a Commercial Museum (9-6, adm. 50 pf.). — The 
inodeat house at the end of the fiSrseii-Sti. (Mo. 19) is the pro- 
visional abode of the Academy of Social and Commtreial Scitnee 
(foonded In 1901). 

The SchlUer-Slr., which starts from the ScJiiUer-Platz (p. "XiS) 
and skirts the E. side of the Bitisen-PiatE, leads to the old E«ehen~ 
heima Thor (PI. D, 2). The citeuUt Eicbenheimer Thmni (PI. D, 
E, 2), erected in 1400-28 on the site of an earlier sqoare tower, 
is the finest of the fev ancient tower - gatewBya of the city now 
extant. — In the Bleich-Str., a few yards to the E. of the tower, 
is the Senokenbe^ Inititntian (PI. E, 2; open free on Sun, and 
Frid., 11-1, and Wed., 2-4; on other days fee 50-75 pf.), founded 
In 1T63 by Johann Christian Senckenberg, a physician of Frankfort. 
It comprises a fine NaluTal Hittory CoUecUon, a Library, sBolanic 
Oarden, an Analomieal Theatre, and a HotpiUd. 

Farther along tbe Bleich-Str. stands the Protestant Ohireh of 
St. Peter (PI. E, 1; 1893-95), built and fitted up in the Renais- 
sance style that prevailed in N, Germany at the period of the Refor- 
mation. The toner i? 255 ft. in height. The principal entrance is 
in the Bleich-Str. The S. teiminatioii of the terrace, behind the 
eholr of St. Peter's, is formed by a War Monwmenf, erected in 1878 
to the memory of the natives of Frankfort who tell in 1870-71, cast 
in bronze from i model by EiiJEhdriJ. — To the S. is the old Sx. Pbtbu's 
Ueubtbrt (P). £, 2) Mntaining the tomb of Qoethe's mother (p. 226) 
and an ancient gronp of the GrucifliioQ. 

"We now either return by the Schafergasse to the Zeil (p. 226], 
or proceed to the M.E. along the Vllbeler-StraBse to the old Fritd- 
btrger Thor {Pi. F, 2; p. 236). 

d. The Promenades ajid Outer QoarterB of the City. 

The PaouBNADEs (p. 224) encircling the old town are embel- 
lislied with statues of eminent and patriotic citizens of Frankfort 
(names, see Plan). Among tiiem may be singled out that of Senolor 
Ouiolltl, creator of the Promenades, in the Taonos Promenade (Pi, C, 
3, 4 : band in summer, 12-1), near the Emperor William Monument 
(p, 233), and Ludwig Borne (1786-1837), the antbor, by Kaupert, 
In the Bockenheim Promenade (PI. C, D, 2). 

Inthe6alluBpromenade(p.226]risestheirewTheatTe(PI.D, 4), 
built in 1900-2 after designs by H. Seeiing. It holdi 1200 ipec- 
lators. The sculptured figures and reliefs on the facades are In- 
spired by Goethe's 'DiobtungundWahrhelt'; the 'Dichtnng' gronp on 
the main facade and the reliefs on the S. fif ade are by Vameii, while 
the 'Wahrheit' group and the reliefs on IheN, facade are hy Hiatt- 

and Oultr QuarUn. FRANKFORT. 28. Roul*. ^06 

mann. The sculptures iu the pediment are by Klimieh, TI10 pronii- 
nent glided dome, 169 ft. btgh, ia annnouDted by » coppet atetne 
10 rt. in lieigtit, lepcesentlng Frunkfort na FrotettoT of the Aits, 
aftei Htfold. A garden lod ft Urge reatftarsDt adjoin tlie tbettre. 

Jn the Bochenheimei LandsCrasse, 1 M. from the old Bocken- 
heimerThor(p.233;electrictramwa>'9), issituated the •PfOm Garden 
(PI. A, 1), a pleasant park containing a large palm-faonae, extenaive 
coniersatorles, a rose-garden, cycling tratk, lawn tennis courts (skat- 
ing in winter), etc. Adm. 1 ^, Sun. 60 pf. Concerts in the afternoon 
and evening. 'Kralnuranr, see p. 222. — In the Beethoven-Strisse, 
to the left of the Bockenbeim road, is the ariJiIus-A')fc^(Pl. A, 2), 
bnllt by Kauffmann in 1883. — The Bcentano-PUU (PI. B, 2) 
contains a monnment to Clemtnt Brmlano (1778-1842), the poet. 

Ontslde the Eschenheimer Thor, at EseheraLetmei Landitrssse 
No, 4 (railway to Escheraheim , see p. 223), U Dr. HocKi Conjtr- 

Tbe EckimhelineT Landslraise (PI. F, i ; eleclric tramway, see p. 223), 
dtrarging to the N. fron the Escbenbelm Piamenade, leads lo the (1 M.) 
Otmettiy, which li enteKd by a Doric eolnnntde with an ImpoiiiiE Gate 
and Gontaini a nnraber of well-executed monunienu. 

Tbe AiciDRB OS tbe F.. >ide cunlain tbe vaults ot lome of tbe prin- 

cipal famili 


relief by FraHir. 


- 'kept 

y 11 

8oModian,60p/.), be 

onglng to the 

n famil; 

irable -Belle 

by Tlion 

lulditn to 

died at Flor. 

nee (18131 

of an ill 

oa of • Are 

Ob thB 

[i. IMT) by 

ciSi In TD&rb 

marble »r 



eg of the p 


L<tmat. T 

*u oibe 


V, 181H. 






(d. 1880). 

alely to 

ew cemetery 






Ob the H. 

•ide Is a 

large ma 


cophitni with Hebrew inscrlptloni, by Lata 
m. ton Rothtckild [d. 1859). 

The Haiian Monument (PI. F, 2), outside tbe Ftiedbeigor 
Thoi, was erected by Frederick William II. of Prussia to the Bes- 
Bians who fell on 2nd Dec, 1792, in the attack on Frankfort, then 
occupied by the French under General Custine. 

On the opposite aide of the Friedberg road is Bethmtmn'i Mii- 
setim (PI. F, 2 ; open In summer 10-1 and 3-6, on Snn. 4 hoUdays 
and in winter 11-t ; fee 60-75 pf.), a circular building containing 
several sculptures, among them *Aj4adne on the panther (1814), the 
masterpiece of D(inn«fter of Stuttgart (d. 1841). — TbeLuthtr-KircU 
(PI. Q, 1) was built iu 1894, after plana by Kaoifmanii and Neher. 

On the former PfingsltntbU, outside the Friedbe^ Promenade, 
and reached by electric tramways Nob. 1 & 6 (p. 223), Is the 
'Zoological GaTdeu (PI. Q, 2, 3; Reataurant), with Us extensive 
grODftde, large asaembly hall, and terrace. The tower oommanda a 
fine 'View. In the sunk iloor of the artificial rnin ia a siilt-water 
aquarlnm (fiO pf.). Adiu. 1 Jl ; concerts In tbe afternoon and even- 

2ib Routt 28. FRANKFORT. t. SaehitnkauMn.- 

ijig. — Tke Schiittinbiunnta in the equare to the W. of the Zoological 
Uaident commemorates the 'Schiitzenf eats', or national rifle com- 
petltioDs, held at Ftaiikforl in 1662 and 188T. 

e, Saolueiiliaiiieii. 

On the left bank of the Main lies the subuTl) of BMlusnhaliten 
Q). 224), said to have been founded by Cbarlomagne, and assigned 
by him as a lesidence to conquered Saxons. To the left, on the 
Main, is the Deutach-Ordenshaui (PI. F, 5], or House of the Teu- 
tonio Order, erected in 1709. A little to the E. are the Urge CaltU 
Markit and SlaugkUr Hotue, To the Tight is the Church of tke 
Magi (PI. E, 4), rebuUt by Denilnger. 

Farther down the rirer, on the handsome Schaumaln Quay, is 
the *8t&del Art Inititnt* (PI. D, 5), an establlahment to vhioh 
Frankfort owoe its high rank in the artistic world. It wae founded 
by Joh. Ftitd. Stadel (d. 18i6), a citizen of Frankfort, who be- 
qaeathed his piatures and engravings, his booses, and his fortune 
to the town, in order to fonnd a School of Art (now attended by 
about 200 students). The oolieotions, whioh are oontinnally being 
added to, consist of pictures, engravings, and drawings by eminent 
masters, and numerous casts. The handsome building now occupied 
by the collections was erected with the surplus funds of the instltu- 
UoD from the designs of Oacar Sommer, and was opened in 1878. 
It consists of a large central building in the Italian Renaissance 
style, with ■ flue portal approached by a broad flight of steps, a 
dome, and two projecting wings. The material Is gray sandstone. 
The six. large reliefs above the roaud-arched windows are very 
cfFectlve, Open daily eiceptMon. ; free on Tues., Thars., Frld., & 
Sat. 10-1, Sun. 11-1, & Wed. 11-4, at other times ij(; catalogue 
1 Jl. Director, Dr. £f. Wtiwacter, the first volume of whose elab- 
orate catalogue (the old masters ; 21/^ Jl) v/is issued in 1900. 

tomb of Hailmilian 1. at Innsbruck. — The roomB to tbe left of IhU are 
devoted to the Ulirait snl ibs collectloDa of Drautn^t Bod Bngrarinfi ; 
tbe latter colleclion, canlaiiuiig £0,000 ipecjmeng, 1> one of the Qnett Id 
OermaD; (adm. Taei.-Sat. 11-1, and, except Thun., 5-7). — The roams 
on the tight contain Csuli af ancient, meilK-rii, and BaDalssBDce iculp- 
turei. In the middle of the Toom are a few Greek vases and (No. 131) a 
•Shield of Hercules In bronse, modelled by L. <«n ScSnonWolw from Me- 
siod'B description. Tbe anta-room to tbe leR CDntiint (Ho. W) a Terra- 
cotta Altar ascribed to Oltrelf Anineti of Onbbio (IQIi ; ealouring ravlved) 
ud a -UadODDa (in gandslone) by T, mmuuehntidir (Ho. tHA), probably 
the most perTect single figure by that mastsr. 

Dppar Floftr. Straight In front oF tbe atalrcaac we enter an Akii-Koom 
cuDtalninj a bust ot Stadel, by Zvergtr, and a few cast*. The other rooms 
are oocopied by the — 

""nclDre Oallery (the old masters oa the lelt and tbe modern 
work! on the rijlil). II is especUUy rich in epeelmens of the early -PI emisb 
School (Iblh cent-t Room 111) and in Dutch paintinii of the 17 tb century. 

m,. _. .. . J jjjjj^^ Italian works of the 16-16th cent, is 

lasterplece of UmtlK (No. 1C>, Boom II). The 

FKAHKfOBT. 25. Routt. 237 

itorkB »r« numerona nalntlngi of tha older Duueldort Schoal. and at Ihs 
■D-»]Ied 'Htinrenea'. ot irtiom Ovirbtct >t Bone <ru tha chief, u irell 

To the left or the atilrcue, through Corriilor X, we tater — 
Boom I (comer-room). Early epaniah and Italian im«erB(li-IBthcenl.) 
li. SpofWiA fiotool, Hadonn*, from Taruel lea. liCOJi 7. fro -tn^ffteo. Us- 
ed, with Sa. Chriilopher snil PehMtlan; B3. M. f 

nuncllUOD (pvta of a large albu-nlece now al Milan). Also several Flor 
eoliDe relie5 of the Madonna (IBIh cenl.)- 

BOOH II. Italian and Snanlgb Hutcrs. To the Uft: 13a. Titiaap). 
Portralli -&7. Viliuqau. Cardinal Oaspar Borgia, marked by delicac; of 
psyehologlsalcbarasterlutlon and Tigoroui colouring; (>8. rrlaifnu (aludlo- 
piece). The Infanta Hartarita. daughter of Fbllip IV. and eonsorl of 
Kmp. Leopold I. ; 'fiSa. CmIIo, Charles II, of Spain. — 3D. Lomliard Sc^aal 

(Ban. r—tlet), 81. CUbarina of Alexandria; SB. Oma da amegtiano, 
HadODD* ; (i9. 4>a7HoIa»D, Suiannah ; *13. earnilgiimhie, Porlrailora ladi; 
:•«. XmlU, Madonna with Iha four Latin Church Fathers, 33. Gregory, 

Hadonnai IB. Mamno d'AUg Triptych for an altar ('a tempera'): the 
Virgin, with 8S. Joacbim and Anns on ber left, and on bar rlgbl St. Joaeblu 
recalling the promise. — V. Jfomni. Dominican monki 22a. Ctrrifffio. 
Hadoana of CaaalmaeglorB (gpaileil)i C3. Canalillt, Palace of the Doges at 
Venice. — 9. F«-r«(Mo, Madonna and Child (stndio-piece) i lis. A. Brauiiu, 
Porlrall; 14. Murillo. Madonna enthroned, with 88. Anthony and Sebastian ; 
18. Bart. VmHii, Portrait. 

Book 111 (to the right of Boom II. ). Earlier Flemish and German 
Mailer* (Ifl-ieih eeot.). To ihe left ot Ihe entrance: "66. Jan fan Efil, 
'Madonna of Luoca', formerly in the possession of the Dnke ot Luocaj 
■99. Pafm Criilut (a pupil of Jan van Eyck), Madonna (IIST); 110. Oirard 
Darii, AnnunidaUoni tOl. Ko^risr van dw IFs^dsn, Three teclloDB of an 
allar-pleoi of 8t. John (repili^iis of Ihe painUnga in the Berlin Museum), 
VaiCsro/fUma;'!, 108. St. Veronica, °104. Virgin and Child, 1C9. (appoille), 
TrlnilT (erisalUe, parts of a large altar-piece from ri^malle), lOfi. VenltenC 
Thief (ftagmeni ofa larger ulctnre). — £nlrance-wa!t : l(^a. JHrt BmU, 
Madonna and Child ; -lOO. RogUrean dir Wtiidin, Virgin with 88. Peter, John 
Ihe Bands), CDsmas, and Damian, ptobably palnled about lUO for the Medici 
in Florence; IPS. Birard OauwTst. Jerome before the Cro^a ; -97. DirtBouli, 
The Tiburline filbyl forelelliag the bicth uf Cfaritt to tbe Emp. An«ustu9. 

ZdO i(^lt-28. FItANKFOltT. i. Sachftnhiaiun : 

CiBisKtB IV (« VJ. MoallT KctberlHidlsb knd Oermui worki of the 
IBtb century. 93. ifmUr d/IA> Dtalh of Ihl Vinii», Plel^ St. Ve»nl<:ii, 
-loMph Qf AHmalhsi. (a triptych '"■" " - ■■ • - ........ 

8gbl)itli{l6a3)i'Ti. 1 , , .___ 

of the FtlrlegGr fejnlly (copj of tbs Aueslmrg pfolnrei freely retimehed) ; 
9B,96. BarlH. Bnrt "" BIdtr, PortraiMi lOT. jrtmHB^(V), 1!3, Q. JSfoUji.rt), 
Porlr»llBi 83. A. DUrcrlT), Job's wife pouring iritcr on him to sIlaaiBtn 
lif« aufferingii 33T. Adam KU^lmtr, P»ul and Bamabu >1 Lystra {euly 
WOT*)-, "11. BoIMn tht rounBtr, SirGoorga of Corawall, holding ■ csraMIOn. 
CiS. VI evil, ll villi, KetherllindiBh bsi) Oerman WotllJ (ITth ceot.). 
38S. J. vm itir Brydi, Chileau oi Lnenfrilont (flenres by A. vsn derVelde); 
3(^1. Adr. cm Oiladt. Birn (ISSA); SSls. tT. Ean A FeMf tht Yoiifigrr. Sea- 
piece 1 -Sai) Air. tan dt Vtldt, Meadow bsjid a a foreJt (early work; i658)i 
aiS. S. dt TM^ti', The ulute: 1S9. CaiM IW<ar> Iha YivBger, The imoker; 
201. Otrordr^i'biuv. Womsn drinking wine (damsgedh '33S. .d. eiiAdfner, 
Landscape wilb Baccbng and nymphsi 310. Ph. Wmvtrman, CaTalier at the 
door of a tavern. — Cxb. VII: IfiTc. Tmieri Ou rovngsr. Amoretti in the 
workshop of an alctaemlst; BOBa. A. Oivp, Dolth landscapOi -147, -US. 
A. Brtutcer, OperatiDDS on peaaanla; Jati BUtn, 218. AIohemiBl about to 

cmclble, -JIB. Ban Jelling with a girl; SOS. Oci-. Dau, Girl with a candle 
preparing aopper. — Cab, VHI, : IBS. Tmtiri »t YoiBigtr, Bt. Jerome. — 
To (he Tight ii — 

Roo»IX. Netherlandish Masters of the ITth century. To the left of the 
door: 183. HtnDn-a'idl, Darid and Sau] (ca. 1633); 360. EvH-dini/m,. Blorm 
at tea. — ■9S3a. nseUtfti, QoeChe in the Campa^a (t78T), — I9B. Tt. it 
£mer, EquejtiiiQ portrait: 184. F. Bol, Portrait (leU)^ ISO. Itoiiri lh4 
Toungir. Rnetle taTem i 2U. S-ttm Bttfiaael, The rarrri 113, ITt. Proiu 
Sofa, Man and his wife [i6iS)i 181. Ssiool o/ RimSroniii, Parable of the 
Labourers in the Vineyard (aignature forged); -Ufl. A. Brouicer, A bitter 
polioni r«nWrj Ihc roms/tf, 151, CaHle, 156. Companion piclnre lo Ko. lOBi 
1%. Babmtm, Diogenes looking for a man (sketch); 306. /. a. Cmip, Por- 
trait of a boy; m. J. D. dt Btta. Breakfast -table; S3!). Jan Wimit, 
llanting trophies (1S81). — "SSi. Ph. /Tonlact, Landjcape ; IRTd. JViieri 0>» 
Yotmgtr, Boors dsncing. — 373. J. rmt Ixixdosi, Landscape (a late work): 
•ISl. C. d( Vet, Chlldin a BnaU chair (lti3D; 320a. .d, mn dt Yeldt. Stag- 
hunt; 356. Airt con rftr J/ifr, Landscape (iSaS).; 306a. A.vmOiUuU, Plg- 
kllling (i6ST)i 217. P. /dDuinu, Lady at a wiiline-table (signature forged); 
•245. M.Rin£<<vi<lacl,Rlver-landgcape; 'ISTa. Tenlsri ISi r«,Fi;(r. Physician 
in his Bindy; 193. Atrl. dt aUdtr, Portrait of the arlist (168B); 311. J. ran 
Ootm, Harlem Meeri "ana. Jan Virmiir vm Dtlft, The astronomer ; 390. 
J/. Sobffrna, Edge of a wood; 1S2. Rembrondty Hargaretha van Bllderdyk 
(IGi;3)i 307. A. Ciifp, Cattle; 127. StOmu, Elng David playing the harp; 3ili. 
JiieriUagm. Norwegian landscape with a saw-mill. — At the end of Ih* 

ift; 51. B. BelolM, Venice from 6an QUnrOo 

BO. rfsjwlo, ConUnL_ , ., 

Maggiore. — 2nd See.: 71a. B. Strte'l, St. Catba.,ne '>• ni»<wuc»; •aa. 
S.SoMWvOrim. Adoration of the Holy Child (ca.ie20); Hi. FlmMSclwl, 
Kevellers lUMO) — Uh Sec. : Qerman School (IBth cent.). — Gtb See. : 
Netherlandish School (ITlh eent.). — We now eroea the landing lo 
corridor X[l, lo the right of which is — 

Booh XI. Hodera Qerman works, inclnding Ovrlnci'i Joseph Bold by 
his brethren (471; cartoon for the fresco In Berlin) and water-ealonrs' and 
cartoons by Xd con BlHnlt. 

CoKUDOE xn. lit Gee : GS6 A. Bm-gtr, View or Frankfort (187D); no 
number. B. IVIomn Luidwape, — 2nd Sec, : 'T^ma, Eve ; 457a. fwiMtcMfi, 
Schopenhaoer tlBMi; K» flw(,sr, Family prayer. - BrdSec.; 4B7h. Lord 
leighim, Portr^t of himaelf (lHi2); 401. /. P. Morgt'"!"^- Frankfort 
harbour; 4W. c. lioratmUm, Bay of Vlllafranet. — 4lh See. ! 624. Bm-ger, 
Rustic meal ; no nnmbor, jScMnWer, Architeciural subject, 
KouM TOa. Letting, 410. After the storm, 439. Ctuiader at rest (tSBW, 

StSdtl Gallery. ] 

»1. P.I 

trlB»ht] 0Bk;4U. IT.. 

ffal loO, 

4brlli!»llon ofOlmHea- 

m SIV. Large -Frcsc 

iclion of Cliri9««ollT 

'GsriDHd.' on throne.. Thli 

pletod 1 

n 1896, wMlkilFullja 

red bitter. - The mi 


! by fiMnft mod ncei 

Eo<i'i"2v. 113. Ovtrieck. 


ip tiil (Sa. US), repic 

bf milfp f(il (Nd. lib), repieaentlne tliB 
to Qand.nj-, witb Qgurei of 'Itolia' md 
ork, thfl muterplece of the pAiater, godi< 

scquiBlliuai (^IdnAutmn, Lindscipe, Th« 


,..., „_. J EBjpliiOB. J. ■ ' ■ 

ludM«p«, *llb Ibe Bap< 

Monnlilns (IPSO). We now enter — 

HoM XXI. End-wjOl: -438. Ltiiinf, Biielino in priion, refHBing 
splritnKl couolelion ind ruolring la die of bunger; -130. M. tofi BclHei«d, 
The 'BinBerkrieg' »t tbo Wirtburfr (reproduction in nil of tho fresco in 
Ibe Wartburg). — Ulb. StdnU, Mary Hagdalso >l Ibe Sepulchre; 168a. 
F^>u^rl^Ilt^. Romu womwi; *UI. 7. Asctn', Shepherd eIniDk bj ligbteliiKi 
tagq. R'niirMn, Lindfcupe; Kl A. Ah«a Tadma, Ptstiytl at JHoiisgat llSlt), 
— tSl. Riftil, Dulelin thelloni'dea. — 693. ^. £<n-, Pateiohureal; U2fi. 
IV7M, CsKte 1 d£iB. ,d. JaA«i»aiA, Stonn >t Be* (1SSI)| fiSS. BaluA, GUtlei 
•437. C. i". L,Hin{,. Jobn Hsu et the Oooneil of Coniltnce, one of ^e moat 
celebTkted works of the Di^setdorf achooli 4U. SMitlt, Tiburlise Sibyl (ISiS). 

CiB, XVI. Pi.ytii, 121a. MoaHiDlheu-kofbDlrnahes, ^H.VieilKllon 
(1868), lia. Portrait of s 4M Jtflcft, No»h-s sicrtfice; 481. X. 
cm &Aw<iKf. DftDce of EItcb (IPll). 

0*». XVII. i41». Bumu, Portrait (18*8); SeJWnwr, IBSq. Tile Good 
Runaritu . IBS h. On Ibe Tiber (1B13) ; iU a. RoUmam. Near AuUa (Greece) ^ 
lC6d. BnlMr, Italian landsespe. 

CiB. Zyn[. Hodero Oerman School. B30. BDclilin, Villa by the sea; 

HDmheri Orttnur, Monks* qnartette; 531. Dtfrt^gtr. Tyroleae noman; no 
number TrlHmtr. Segro reading a newipaper. 

Cab. XE. Vo number, Ueidae, Sea-'CBuei A. Sitlt^, Lundacape wiih 
rirer; USo. unit. Chrint at Emmaua; &3fi, ZOt/d, Flock of Iheep; ■Z^ftci- 
manti, Orphan-chlldrea of Amilerdam. 

In tlie S.W. part ot Sachsenhansen we may mention the Hippo- 
drome (Vi. C, S), opened in 1699, (Ilb Eoyal Imtltute of Exptrimmtal 
T)arapnitKs,ani the Tomn Hoipital. —In the Huhner-Weg(P1. G, 6) 
1b the Wilttmtr-Hdiiichen, celebrated tbrough Qoelhe and Mirianne 
Ton Willemer (1814; now ovned by tbe town). 

From Frankfort to Navhtim and Caasel, see Bofdektr's Northern 
Germany. The first stations are : Bockenhtim (p. 68), Eichenhfiin- 
Hiddtmheim, (6 U.l Bonamei, and (9 M.) Yitbel. 

A little to the S.W. of Heddemhetm, on the road to Fraimbeiui, is Ibe 
aoealled BMtnftM, where the remaina of a Roman town, the chief place 
In the CMlai'1'meiinwD, with a stone fart of tbe time of Domitian, were 

PBOuFBAUKFOETTOMATBNCEl'fleisilcAtturfuJlVj&llfenJ, 23'/zM., 

in 36 mln.-l'A hr, (fares 2 jT 90, 2^ 20, 1 M 50 pf.; eipresa 
3 ^ 20, 2 ^ 40 pf.). — Tbo train starts from the Central Station 
(p. 221") and crosses the Main. 2'/a M. ffierferrad, also a station 
on the 'Waldbahn' (p. 223J, with the Frauttoit ra 

240 Route i9 HdCUST. 'i'auitu.-. 

line cans 4t Drat through the Frankfort 'St&dtwild', but sftervards 
affoida > Tie* of fhe Taunue to the right. 4 M. Ooldtltln, JuDCtion 
of the line from SschienhauiBu ; 7 M. Sohwai^eim; 9 H. KtUter- 
bach; 14 m. Saunhtlmi 16 M. Riititliheim : iH U. Bitehofihtlm 
(p. 201). — 21 M. Oustavsturg-Kaiihtim. QuBlavibuTg wks made 
> foriiOBS by tlie Swedes in 1633 ind is now a minufifturlng *ut>- 
uib of Mayence ; Kostbeim lies ou tbe opposite (ligbt) bmk of the 
Main. The trsln then cioases, by the bridge mentioned at p, 166, 
to the Neuthoi Station, and nins thence beneath the citadel to tbo 
central station in Afo^niM (p, 1G4). 

29. The Tannofl. 

QUDnibBoien onlhe W. Qeiilo^callr , the ranee eoDiiiti or elay-gl&ls wltb 
■»Dwicke UD tlia N, the lilUa are caiand with foreeti of beech «nd 
pine. The bigbeit pulnti are Ibe Oreal Ftldbirg (IBST ft.), the LilUi FtM- 
Urg (SllOtt.), and the AUiBitig (2815 ft.). 

One and a halt oi two daya (afBce for a ellmpie at the moat Intei- 
sitlnt apoti in tbia digtrict: Bailosf to ^i?n>»MV, where the nlihtli spent. 
>/r>/< hour. Neil morning, aacant of the Ftldbtyg in ili/t bra., either via 
tba Saalburgi or direct; descent to KtnitiUin IVihr.; thence bf niltemld'n 
to Crnbirg IVi hr. \ at by the Roiiert lo Efpittin Id 3'/> hri. Thoa* who 
devote ■ lintladty to tbefWdttrveeaerally itert from Cr on berg or Konii- 
itein. — AU roulea and palhi In the Taaniu are marked with coloara 
wblBb are eiplalDel by 'Centril TableU' uoiled >t the eroeilnaa and in 
Ibe charts (1^ SSpF.! published by the -launui CJul>'. 

Obenrsel. (8 U .) Cronberi, r^Vl''.) Kiinigsteln, (1 M.) tischhuh. aiid(31l!) 
Eppiteln. Tbe distance from Kanlgstein 1o Kdchsl is ahosl T H.; the 

a. Tftiuiiu BallwaT from Truikfort to Ckttel (Uaytnte) ttnd 

Eiiiw*! to Cailtl {MVi M.) in </fi hr. (fares 2 J» 80, 3 J» 10, i J» W pf. i 
express 3 Jf 10. 2 jH SOpf). - To WartodsB (26 M.) Id »/.-lVi hr. (fares 
3 Jf to, 2 J> 60, 1 ^ 70 pf. i eipress 3 Jt 80, 2 ^ 90 pf., 3 Jf). 

The TouAUS Antftcuy, one of the oldest in Germany, was opened 
in 1839. LeBYiDg the town, the train skiitB (be Uain, which Bows 
Into tbe Rhine between Kostheim (see above) and Castel ; the riiec 
1j occaslonsljy seen. The Nidda U now crossed, 

51/3 M. HSchit (290ft. ; Sehwidt, Humboldt- SCr., at the rail. 
sUtlon, D. 1 ^ 20 pt. ; HSttl Casino, Caslno-Str. ; Htrich, Nasiaver 
Bof, both Id the Haupt-StCi wine at the Sch&nt Aviticht, also 
rooms), a Roman frontier- foitreis in tbe time of AugustuB (comp. 
p. 244), and now a thriving little town with 14,000 inhab. and iaige 
dye-woikB, has belonged to Mayence aince 1352. The poiceliln 
factory (1740), which onte enjoyed ronslderablB reputation, was 
destroyed by tbe French in 1794. Tbe Rom, Cath. OkurcA of St. 
Justinus, on the lofty right bank of the Main, beyond tbe Haupl- 


c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Taunua. HOMBTIR&. 39. SouU. 241, 

Str., a 9lh cent bieilica, miay times lebailt, has > Ootbic cboli added 
in 1443. The Stal^ of Bismaret (1899J Is by AIoIb Mayer. A pal»ce 
of the Eieotors of Mayeooe bete, built in the i6-17lh cent., woa 
destToyed by the Frankfortera in 1634, but the bandaame tower and 
the moat atlU temaln. The baildtng Is now nsed as a mnnicipal 
orHee. Behind it Is the Bethe Haul, which in the ]8tb cent, was 
a gammer-iesidenee of the Electon, 

Prom HoctuI to .Kbit^iMn, aee p. 246; tn Ooda, we p. SIT; lo EppUti% 
and UntbuTS, aes p. U8. 

91/a M. HaUenhcim. The white Hofheim Chapel (p. 248) and the 
Mslsteithuim can he seen on the nearai spues of the Taunus. 

At (13Vz M.) FtoTihtim (Hirsch), a siliage on the Main, omni- 
buaea and carriages are in waiting to convey travellers to the 
(1 Va M.)batbsofWeilbacli(sulphur-8pr[nga), with their Curhaus and 
pleasant grounds. The village of WeUback lies 3/^ M. to the N. of the 
baths. Pleasing view from the 'KanttV (pnlpit), a bill witb four 
trees, '/j M. above Diedtnbetgtn. and 3 M. lo the N. o( Weilbach. 

ITi/s M. Hoetaheim (405ft.; Sckinan, fair,- wine at Payer't), a 
small town with 3000 inhab. , celebrated for its wines. The most 
esteemed is yielded by the vineyards of the old DomiJeeftanei (deanery}. 
The sparkling 'Hoclc' made at Hochheim (whence the name), is 
much prized, and is largely exported to England (comp. p. islv). 

On entering (20'/jM.)CuteI (p. 154; Anktr) the line intersects 
the tortiflcatfons. The station is situated close to the bridge over the 
Bhine (comp. Plan of Hayence, p. 154). Through -carriages for the 
RhelDgau are detached fiom the train here (R. SO). 

The pier of the Maiihcb Stiuibk liei about 300 ydi, from the arrlTil 
nUtrorm (Vi the left; p. lU). -~ Ohhudi and Tanuwil to the Genual 
guUon In Hajence, tee p. lU. Cxe to Nayence (preferable for traveUeri 

1"A Xtbridge-toll'e^Ji^^'boi 20™" ' *"" 

23 M. Curve is connected by a short bcsnch-Une with Bitbrieh 
(p. 136), — 26 M. Wiesbaden, see p. 14B. 

il U. RAiLwaT ID 28-43 min. (fares 1 Uf 60, 1 ^ W, 80 vi.). Truns Itart 
from the Central Blstion; best viens un tbe left. 

The Hombnrg line coincides with theCassel line as far as (2M.) 
Sockenheim, now included in Frankfort (electric tramway, p. 323), 
with a picturesque chutoh, an old watch-tower, nnmerons factories, 
and large barraclis. — We then cross the Nidda. 4 M. Rodtlheim, 
Jonction of the Cronberg line (p. 24&); T'/a M. WeijiftircACTi. — 
91/4 M. OAeruri<l(Sch3tienhor, Tery fair; Bar-, Pension Alemsnnia), 
a small but very old town, is mnch visited by the B'rankforters in 
Bummer. (Ascent of the Feldberg from Oberursel, see p. 247; 
electtle tramway to the Hohe Mark.) 

11 H. HombOTK. — Sallway Statiena. 1, Cmiral Sialwa, Unlere 
Lnisen-etr., tot the line to Frankfort. — 2. friiMertif Bahithof, i mIn. 
walk farther down, for the lloea to Friedberg &nd CDtngen. 

BiiD»Ea-B KhiDB. ISth Bdit ]ti' 

EateU (ill wlih electric lleht: most of tbs luver ouet wltb gudto 
ud lift, cLoied In winter). -mStil du Pisc, Ktiser-Pr Jedricb-Promenmde i 
■SAtil VictuBiA. Laisen^tr., B. S-ia, B. li/i, d^j. S, D. at 7 p.m. 6, pens. 

iHB, Id tte eameitnet, R. 

pem.fromd'/,!*, -Mi™ 
B. I'A, d«i. i'/., D. i. ne 
B. ll/,, 4^. VI,, D.*^! 

--, J, KlMeleff-8tr., E. from 1 

k from 9^; •HdTEL HtHIMVi, K>ls«r- 
Uudwle-Str., E. 3-18, B. H/,, D. » " 

I. Eram iJl; 'AnLiB, LulBCD-Str., open BUtbefear 

B.'s-V, b''ii'X'I"d'. a-a/pen" 




Xutic in summer, T.80-S.30 a.m., b, the SpriLgsi M 3.30-6 And 8-10 p.m. 
in tbe Cnr-Qurten. Adm, for pas.lne traTcller. 1 j|, Snn. M pf. Also ■ 

Vjnitori' Tu': i pern. 20 J[. a pers. 30 J[, 3 pera. S&JI,i pen. U jT, 
ea^b addit pen. B^,- for thoie stsjing not more tbsn a neek, 8, li, 16, 

OinlBgg wltb nna horse from thesliBonlo the town, 1-2 pare. TO pf., 
3-4 pen, 1 Jl, bni 20 pf.; within the town or (o tbe mlnenil aprlBga, 
witb oae bOFse 60 or 70 pf., with two bonea 1 Jl\ per dar 18 and 21 Jl. 
To Cronberg with one hgrae 9 or 10, witb two horaei IS Jl. 

Elactrio Tramwuy from tbe Central SlatMt to DomhcblUmim (SO pf.), 
and lo tbe Sialborg (lO min., 60 pf. ; in winter on Sun. only), witb branch- 
lines to the OoUUt ffoi/jt, tn tbe Grosae AlUe, and to Klrdorf. 

opposite tbe Cur 

, Priib 

U.SUa.m. and T.16 p.m. in July a: 

r., near tbe THilwav ■ statloo , with 600 
■itnneai nan. services during aummer at S.SOa.m., 11 a.m., and I p.m. 
DsUt KatlDS at R.30 a.m. — prilbvUriaii Bmieii In tbe Seblossblrtbe at 

Bomhwrg vor dtt HUht (640 ft.], t. town with 13,600 Inbab. 
(iiicl. Rirdorf), Bituited amid tbe S.E. spnra o( the Taanua Hta., 
fonoeilr belonged to Eppstein (p. 249). It wie tbe residence or 
the Laadgraies of HeBse-Hombarg , a collateral line of the giand- 
ducal hmUf of Hesae, from 1662 to 1866, when thU bianch of tbe 
family became extinct, and is one of the most popular waCeiing- 
pUces in the KMneland (about 12,000 visitore annudly, one-third 
of whom are English]. 

The anlnterestlng old town, with remains of the old town-wall 
and three towers, lies l/^ M. above tbe rail, station. The rtsltow* 
4|uartets lie In the new town, between the Lulsen-8tr. and the Cnr- 
Park. In tbe Ldibbh - Stbassb , wblnb runs from the statton to 

Tatatm. HOHBUBO. 99. fioulc. 243 

the N.W., are the chief HoUU, the Theatrt, the CurAooj, the Pott 
Office, the Tovm BaU, »nd a IVar Afonmnml. 

1b the KAiaso-FitlEDBica-f AOKiKUiB tie mubta busts of Emp. 
Fnderhk III. and Mt Crmsarl, by Uphnes. Near it is the elegant 
Rujiion Chapet, by L. Jacotl (1897). 

The Curhkut, the chief lendezTouB of vialtora, built ia 1841-43 
by the brothecB Blano, of Honte Carlo, and se*etal timea enlarged 
since 1860, contalQa a number of very handsome apartmenta, awell- 
aappHed leadlng-ioom, and (iinti! IdOJ; comp. p. 'Hi) the SaiU- 
bntf Mtiieum {»dm. lO-l'i £ 3-6; 25 pf,), with a well - arranged 
coUeetion of antiqaltles found on the Saalburg (p. 244) and in the 
nelghboQihood of Homburg, a, good model of the S&albnrg, and a 
McoDittuction of a Soman watch-tower. A terrace on the N. aide, 
partly covered with glaEs, ie a favourite resort tn floe weather, and 
the corridors of tiie groundfloor atford a sheltered promenade during 

At the back of the Carhaus la the Car-Garten, to the right ot 
which are the Carhaut Bttihi, renovated in 1903. Hence we descend, 
GTOselng the Ealaei-l'iiedrtoh-Fiomenade, to the flne *Cnr-Fu:k, 
which is about 136 acrea in extent. Broad walks lead hence to the 
right to the Lawn Tmnis Courti, the SolqucUe (bored in 1898), and 
the Whry Ourt ImtiluU, much frequented in the afternoon. This 
liea at the banning of the 'Bninnen-Allfe', containing the otuly- 
beate and saline Sfkings, the chief of which is the Eliiabelh'Brunaen, 
famous aa a solt-apring even tn Roman times. Near the two ad- 
joining 'Tcinkhallen' are well-kept tlower-beda, a palm-house, and 
the band-etand. The Stalilbrunncn and the Luttenqueltt are leas 
saline than the EUsabethbrunnen, but are richer in iron, eapedally 
the ilrat-named. The Kaiierbmnnai and the Lvdvilgibrunnea are 
naed chiefly for bathing. Near the laatia the large •X'oi«er-ff MSefcn- 
Bad, bnilt by L. Jacabi and opened in 1890 (bath-houts T-1 and 
4-6, San. 8-12). 

At the W. end of the town (we ascend the Lulien-Slraaae and 
Schu^ssse and turn to the left through the Herrengasse) rises the 
BtUoaa, which was erected, partly of atone from the Saalburg, by 
Landgrave Frederick U. In 1680-85, was reboUt in 1830-40, and 
was fiUed up in 1866 far the use of the royal family of Piussia. 
Above a gateway In the upper court is the bout half of an equestrian 
statue, and opposite to it a bust of the landgrave, who, nnder the 
leadership of the Oreat Elector, decided the victory of the Branden- 
bargers over the Swedes at Fehibellln In 1675 by the spirited charge 
of bis cavalry. In the H.E. corner is a Roman porUco from Bran- 
weiler (p. 16). The Wtiste Thurm, which rises here to a height of 
188 ft., ia a relic of the old castle of Honberg (14th cent.) and 
commands an estensive view. The JPaUice Oardat is open to the 
public. Adm. to the interior of the palace, 1-3 pera. 1 Jl , each 
addlt. pets. bO pt., to the tower 50 £ 26 pf. (on Sun. 26 pf- only 

for both palace and tower). — Adjoining the E. comer of tlie Sclilora 
iilba Old ProlatantChur<A, withtlieliDriaUYBalt ofthe Landgityeg. 
Walk. Buldea tbs Cnr-Fuk mantioiieil it p. 343. the trareUer mu 
hIbd vigil th« BardI or Haritaald, adjoiniDg the Curtinaa graandii the 
flrmH Taanumald, Vihr. to the N.W, of Homhurg, on the GrOMe jU1*b, 
ne« the OalUcBimit. built In 1836 Md med by the Hiiidgrave m ■ bunt- 
ing-seal (Teniurenl: elee. Irsioway, He p. 3l3)i the Klttnt ninnniuaU 
(daiir), 'iO mln. to uie W. ; the IMher-BiAe, '/i hr. from Daruholihanwa 
(see below) , whenee the path u indicated by bine croues i the Witc^art 
(testiurant) wllh lis nomerous deer, "/i hr. from the Golliie HooWi the 
aotdsnhi (1M6 ft.), i hr. from the QoOiic Home. — Aadenl of the FtUOert, 
an p. 345. 

waytp.atS). Beyond (IVi"Ji'o™^o''*'""i«t9'>lieUer,D i'/,, pent. I Jt; 

gradient 1 : IS) to the eomforlable Boalburf /m (view-lemcal, on the ridge 
of Ihe TauDus, Walkers from Donholihaaien foUow a path Indicated br 
yellow markg, which ia-ia BIraight on u> the SMlburf in 1 hr.-, or the; 
■oar follow the bine-marked palh vit the Lnlher-Elche to the |1 hr.J 
EirzHra (inSO f! ■. 'law-lower) and thence a path Indlraied by green marki 
tn i/r>/. ht. 

, on (be ridge of the Taunns between the loadi 
n me right and to ObernbalD on the left, wai on« 
J to (he PfaMgi-aten (Lima), a line of Inlrencbmente . 
U K. long conitrDcted ahont 7(1 A.D. to protect RhsHa and the aennanlo 

orthwardi to Mlltenberf , idI Really alretehed lowarda theN.W. lo Ems and 
.helnbrohl (p. 71). ~ The Sialbiirij, whicti 1> the lineat, so far aa known, 
F the forU on the Pfahlgrabea (coeaiarlng 735 by 47! ft.), wag discovered 
I 186» by the eiuvallon; of Gobansen and Jacobl. and the work of 

looinu; Pint bv J. &61i (1901). The ^aalbui 
oved In t9<U 10 the newlv.restored Fratiort 

gate, riseg the Pfahlgriben itself, here c 
Oman mililary road leading &OR1 the B. gal 
anked, in the cnalomary faahloo, bj' lombslones. The mortnary 
cled a little lo the left, on the ancient iounJationa, COntaim 
(key kepi by the cnatodian of the Sulborg^ fee). 
TsimaMbom, '/, v. (D the H.E. of the Baalbnrg, lo the right 
lain road, end alao at the Dnauittfpil, lome renuioa of Oer- 
1 open-air forget have been preBerved. — A toad, leaving Ihe 
i to the right, abont 3S0 yda. beyond Ihe fort, deieenda via 
It (restaaranQ to (% min.) the Baaa«rf gUtion (p. 210). 
ADoat V^br. to the B-t beyond the mortuary houae, rtaeg the FrOA- 
liclH-Uimntkep/ (16S0 It.; belvedere), the path to which ig Indicated at 
drat by red, Iben by blue marka. The blue-marked path go» on to tbo 
metibhHy (1B8(> ft.), with remaina of an ancient clrcnlar fanlBEatlon, and 
ibe PilOfiiH-nmlt , where 11 r^olni the red-marked path (RoUOatiftHf) 
by which we may relam throngb the Herdlwald to Bomburt. 

The aaeent of the FiMltr} may be made in SVi-S bra. from the Saalborg 
by following the palh (indlealed by yellow mark*) ontiide tbe Intnocli- 

Taumu. ORONBEBQ. S9. Route. 245 

msnt. AboDt 1 br. fcom the lop ii Ibe Smndplscken (p. 317), FrODi tha 
SulbDig Inii Ihe shoilest ronM followe at flrst the path (grefn mirki) vii 
lie Henberg {p. 3U). 

Fboh Hombdeo t<j Usihoif, U>h 1I-, flilw*! in sbgnt 1 ii. - S'/i M. 
S«»«-B. — 3 M. Frit^richiicr/ikiWr^ WatMer Thurio, s rMlsurant sbo'a 
the town), founded bj HngnenoM in !687 , ia • Jmall [ndmtrisl town, 
romerlf belonging to Hombu^, with 1200 inhih. "lio still retain iloir 
Fr«n(ili tongue. Brenoh-llne to Fril^M'e , see below. — il^M. KHvPTa. 
— 7>/i U, Saallxirs, the alitlon [or Ibe Bulborg (p. Hi); 8Vt K. Webriiim 
(lOlT ft.]; 11 M. Aatparh, tbe stBllon for (S H.) iireu-lTiilnau And (B H.) 
echBtiHen (p. 316). — li|i/lt S. Uilanea <eM n. ; Adier) , i amsll town wilh 
1900 inHab., residence or tbe Prlncea of Najuan-Uilngen from 1639 to 1771. 

Fboh HoKBuKa TO FsiiDSEBO, 14 M. , railway in '/,-l br. — Tbe line 
diieigu to tbe E. from tbe Ueineen line at (3 K.) Fritdricludorf (lee abore), 
S H. AibAaucn tvr litr Bdlu (607 ft.); 6 H. Rtdlwlm vor dtr ESht; 8 U. 
Auhich ver ite- f J/u. — Fritdberg^ aee £affileJE«r> Nofthem Qtnaanj/. 

e. From FranUOrt to Cionberg or ESs^teis. Fsldbeig. 

Fboh Fbanefort to Gkohbbsg, 10 M., railn*y in about ^U br. 
(rwes 1 Jl 40 pf., 1 jr, 70 pf.). — 41/2 M. Udtlheim (p. SJl); 
6Va M. Eichbom; T'/i M. iViei<r-£fo<!ij(aiH. 

10 M. Cionbai^. — Hotela. •Kaiieb Fbiidbicb, neueat tbe itatlon, 
with modern tomEort*. E. 3-7, B. 1, D. from IVi, pena. 6-10 Jl; FaiKi- 
roBTH Hor. witb good palntlngt by FFknktort arUsts Id (be diDing>room; 
ScHfiiliBHOB, B lVr21/, B. 1, D. H?,-3'/j, pens. *V>-6 Jl, •II with garden. 

CVon6«rp(1016tg,Bsmall town with 2800 inhab., is plctatesquely 
aitnated on a hili, snrcoTinded by oicliaTds and chestnut-gioves, and 
commanded by a Cojt'e [1095 ft.) of tlie IStticnnt. and by 1 ChAtmu 
of the 16tli [restored). These belonged to tlie Knights of Cronberg, 
vho leaided here dowD to 1T04, when the family became eitincC. 
They are now Hie property of PriDoees Frcdeticli Charles of Heaae 
(no admiBslon). Cionberg is a fayoaiite summei-TcsOTt of tba citizens 
of Fianlffort, including quite a colony of artists, who possess a 
number of pleasant tiIUs in the enYtrons, and, like Konigslein, it 
is also well adapted as headquarters for eicursions into the Taunus 
r^ioD. About Vi M. to the N.E. is Sckloa Friedriduihof, baUt in 
1889-91 for the Empress Frederick (d. 1901), but now also belonging 
to Princess Frederick Charles. A monument to Emp. f'rtd^cli II}., 
by Dphues, was erected here In 1902. 

At the entrance to Cronberg is a 'Central Tablet' [p. 310). — 
The road to (2 M.) Falkenstein (diligence daily; also omnibus) 
follows the main street of the tillage. After about 1 M. the toad Ui 
Kenigsteiu (p. 246) diverges to the left. Walkers take the footpath 
through the woods to tbe left, immediately beyond this road, and in 
20 mtn. more reach the viliige of — 

FaUeiuteiit (ca. 1310 ft.), about I1/4 M. from Kouigsteln. It 
contains the Cvranttatt Fatktmttin. and close by are the Frccnlif\tTUr 
Ho/'(peaB. 5 Jf) and the Tountia Inn. The wooded hlU to the W. is 
crowned with the nilD of Burp FalkauUin (1465 tt.), the path to 

246 BouU 29. kOhIQSTEIN. TautMi. 

which (12 mlnO is indicated liy a AQger-post at the npper end 
of the town. This castle, the ancestral eeat ol the powerful Aich- 
biihop Enno of TrAves, hs« erected in tbe 14th cent, on the lite 
of the ancient fortreaa of Niiring, and wag destroyed In 1688. 
"View from the towei (key at the Tillage). The adjacent TeufeUtein 
and the DSrr»che Eatadua aie alao good palnte of Tiew. 

The road i^m Cronberg to (3 M.) E3nlg8tein (diligence once 
daily; omnibus oftenei)ie at first identical with that to FidkenBtein 
(p. 246). — From Sodan to EoDigstein, Bee p. 248. 

FbomFkahkfobt(1ISchbt| to KanoBTBiK, 10 M., light railway 
in ahont »/iht. (fares 1 jT W pf., i^iOpf.^ thiangh-earriagns 

from FiankfoTt by ceitain trains) ; beet views to the right. — From 
Fiankfoit to (6Vi M.) Hoehit, see p. 240. — The railway diverges 
to the light from the main line and poleaes s N.W. direction to the 
Lirderbach-Tlml, affarding on the way fine views of tbe Tatrnas 
range (r,), and later of the Hof heimer Gapelle and theHelsterthnrm 

r the SUafen and the Kossert; 8 M. Schntidhain (890 ft.; 
p. 249), — We pass below the S. side of the castle. 

KSDlgstein. — The RaUteas Station (HOG fl.) liea about i/i U. below 
tbe town. — Hoteli. ■HBtbl Ycati, witu lai^e garden, E. J/rS/j, B. 1, 
D,5i/j, nenB. B-lOjIi 'HflTBL CoLtoaum, with garion, E. (1/,^, B. 1, 
pena. ttS'liJl-1 BBHaEH Stidt FaAmpUET, baib plain. — Bht at Jfuiar't 
aod at Prohailf'i, — durltEHU TauntiMitt (phjiicion, I>r. Kohnilamm); 
Dr. Asaelunf'i CvranUalt; MfdrofathK £>liiAluAnuiif. — Vitilori' Tax, 

Konlgitein (1190 (t.), a pictures qnely-sitnated little town with 
2200 inhab., many pleasant villas, and a chlteau of the Grand-Dnte 
of Lniembonrg, is one of the most popular resorts In the Tannaa 
region. To theW. of the town rise thelinpOBlngrulnaoftheCasHeof 
«'™i(frfein(ca. 13I0fL), which was destroyed by the French in 1796, 
This stronghold is mentioned in history for the first time in 1225; 
in 1581 it came Into the possession of the Electors of Mayence, 
whose armorial bearings are still to be seen over the entrance ; in 
1792 it was oiptnted by the French, and in 1793 by the Prasslans. 
The vaults and caaemates are still partly preserved. Fine view 
from the tower. 

EiocwiOHe. From the E. end of tbe town we may aKeod to |30ii>ln.) 
the view-lower on Ihe Sarleitberv. Tbe village of McmmoWvtn, prettUr 
situated Vi br. fartber on, amid frult-treei, lies % mln. above Cronlhal 
(p. US) - A path. Indicated by ^eeo marks, leads from ibe B. end of 
ite town (o <^ min) Ssr; Paltmtiiln (p. 1U>1. — From Ihe K. end 
iif the town a road leads through the prett; AflHAoJ to (3>/i K.) KufiperCsAata, 
1 H. above which is BppaiAatn. Neu- the tatter la the /iouei'I (p. 21S), also 
reached f^om Ednlgatela bv a pictnresque direct roDte tIL 3thlti$bon 
l»l, hrs.), — From EdDltstein to EfpiUm, B M., see p. Ufl. 

The highest point of the Taunns Mti. la the Gte*t F«Ub«as 
''•88& ft.), the top of which oonslsts of qnartzose rock, while tha 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 


Tounui. KONIOaiEIN. S9. Route. 347 

slopes an oomposed of c1ay-«Ute. The whole moantaio, except tlie 
Q>t grssiy plateau on the summit, ia clothed with wood. The diniag- 
room of the older of the two inns at the lop (D. 2, pension 4 .4^ 
contains some good plctuTee by Fiankfoit painteis. The view 
tower on the summit (^8 fl. high), bollt tn 1901-2, commands an 
admirable panorama In clear weather, which, unfortunately, accnis 
bnt seldom. The block of quartz, 10 ft. In height and 3b ft. in 
breadth, near the inna, is mentioned in a document as early as 812, 
and has been known u the Brunklldenbitt slnae 1013. 

TotheS.E. of (he Feldbergriaei the*ilflJtoni9(;2615ft.), to the 
S.W. the KUine FetdAtrg p710 ft.). The summit of the former is 
enclosed by a huge double girdle of loose stones, with a rectangular 
outer rampart on the S.W. side. The onter circle has a circnmferenoe 
of 1660yds., the inner one of 1260 yds. The stones of this pre-Bo- 
man fortillcitlon were probably originally arranged in layers with 
trunks of trees between, so as to form a perpendicular wall, 

Aeoun or tbe Fildssks feoh PiLaENSTiui O-'/t br,). A broad road 

grhite marks) aiceods gradaally rroiu the upper part of lbs village to 
mln.) a flneer-poel iodlcatlng ■ palb od tbe left to tbe aalliMltitwr 
Sthki! and Ihe (■/< br.) Fue>ulam, an open ipacs In tbe wood (rfrntg. at 

A path marked with red leads to the right from Ihe apper end of Falken- 
gteln lit the Slrtng-neiU to the AUbl'tig. The path from tbe AllkSnie 
to (85 mln.) the Fnchstant Is marked at Drat with yellow (path (o Ober- 
utael), then with green marks, 

AacBST or thb FutoBaBO fhom KOhiobtkik, V/t hrs. (oarriaea 12 jl). 
We agcend the Frankfort and Llmbnrg toad for alwat 2>/i M., then take 
the Eeiffenbere road lo (he righl, whlcH leada TiS the Sulcnbom to the 
(li/i >!-) ^<A' frtui (ian). Thence we mav eltber rollow the red marks. 
10 tbe Hgtat, via tbe (li/i H.) saddle I 

.0 (20 min.) sammit of the latter i or 
- ■ 11/. M. vi* H 

imaint of a Boman 

Df Ihe 


rhr-rreiTh tbeflii 

-mill (Teitaoraot 



which the route 

'ii indi 



brown mark*. In aboo 

mure (a 

bout 100 yd., bet 

of the road 

a few 

Bleps to 




Ker-pojtsl lo 

Ihe (20 min.) SucA 

t««, a 

fresh spring. Th 
BkirtfnB the Int 

oceedstrkiKhton. cr 



road an 




•^ hr. 

rouB an 


rs.), L 

; tbe P/i hr.) e 



(S CottiDg 

n tbe wood 


with yellow cro 

ees). A 



of the hil 

called Uie 


„r-post indicates lbs way 

>m tbe e.W. exit of Ihe ScbloM-Garlen, on Mm side of the bridge, 'and 
ads past the FrmkfarUr Fortlhaut and the aoM Mark (see above}.] 

- Thence by a shorl 

Soden. — Hot<l( (Bll with electric light, Tsstsunnlj, lod (Brdnii). 

•CDBBADi; ■H3T11. COLLOSKD., K, I'/l-S, B. 1, D. 3, p«nl. from B'ft Jf, 

-BDsoPincHBB HoF, K, 3-*, B. i, D. 21/j, pens. W JT. - -Bub«hoh»b Ho», 
B. 3'J, D. 1V>-S> JT; ScuoNE Adibioht, eimilu charges; Uhbioh, Adlbb, 

OBrrlac* ftt hoQtSjr, to KBnlgilein 3Vt, to CronbergiVj, to the top 
of the Peldbars 20 Jl. 

VMUim' Tu ror 1 pen. 11. for 2 per). 20, far eftcb tddit pen. S JV. 

5ad«iC490-650ft.), > viUage with ITOOlnhab., Uei >t the foot 
of the Tsunae Ht«., in the ehelteced vfttley of the Sultbadi. Oil the 
KSnigstein road, which intersects the town from S.E. to N.W., aie 
most of the hotels uid the plessint Car-Park, with the Curhaai, 
Che BathBouie (Bdmliablf fitted up), and the new Inhaling House. 
TbebathsueTisitedby sbout2500;pBtientssnniiBlly. Thennmeioos 
wum SpaiHQS contBin 5»ll, iron, md Mrhonic-icid gas, «nd »re 
ohieBy prescribed for heart and bronchial sfTections and mild diaea«as 
of the lungs. Ther are used both for drinking snd hathing, andrise 
in different parts of the valley. I'he Milckbrunntn, Wormirunnen, 
Sootirufinen, and ChBrnpagntf-Brunnen, which are chiefly used for 
drinking, rise in the Quellen-Park, in the so-caiied Hanpt-Stijuee, 
near the old Bath House. 

WxLSB. To the 0rif Lmdtn (820 ft), a good poii 

e below); to Iho Allmhamir-That. i/j hr. to (he H 
Cbobbieo. 3 M. The road diveries to the 

From Sodbk to Kbniostbin, 3 M, The road aaceuds gradually, 
and passes (1 M.) Naur^ain (790 ft.), where there is another 
chalybeate spring used for sanatory purposes. — Kiiaigttein, see 
p. 246. 

e. From Frankfort to Eppatein and Limbnrg. 

14 M. BiiLw*! in li/r31/, hri. (tares OjIBO, 3j|!90. 2jr00 pr,). 

Franifort, see p. 221. 6 M. Griaheim; 9 M. Hochit, see p. 240. 
The line describes a curve and crosses the Taunus railway. 12Vt M. 

14 M. Hoflieini (445 ft. ; ATrone, very fair; moderate charges; 
PfdlitT Hof) , an early Roman settlement (oomp. p. 244), Is now a 
pleasant lillage of 2400 Inhab. at the entrance to the Lonbadttr- 
Thal, a grassy lalley, encloeed by wooded slopes and watered by the 
Schrsaribach. Pleasant walliB lead to the (Vj hr.) lofty Hofhelmtr 
CapeUe (750 ft.) and on to the (1/4 hi.) MtiHerlhurm (958 ft.; key 
at Bofhelm, open on Sun.), which affords an admirable sarvey of 
the aitensive valley of the Main, theTaunns Mts., the Bergstratss, 
and the Mis. of Che Palatinate. 

The line ascends the Lorsbacber-Tha], and croues the Schwaiz- 
bach seyeral times. 16i/jM. Lortbaeh, a prettlly-simated village. 

19 H. Eppitain. ~ Hutali. •H^tel Shlib, k1 tbe atoUan, R. IVi-3, 
B. </4. pen?. 1-41/1 Jli OititHii, DoUide tbe Tillage, U the month of the 
FiKhbKli-Thal, wilh ihadj g»rfen, vwj fair, a. lV?-3, B, 1, peiu. i-bJI; 
KuaBS-TEiiFiL (see below i opea ia suoiioer anlr), IViH- 'ram the atation, 
K. i'/i-a, pons. 1-6 -M- 

Eppitein (G05 ft.), & straggling little tonn with 800 inhtib., lie» 
In the Lortbaeher-Thal, above the moath of the FiKhbaeh-Thal &nd 
below thoge of the Draiebaeh'Thal and Qoldbaeh-Thal, On a pre- 
cipitous lock abo'e the place riaee the plctuieaque Cattle of the 
■ame name, mentioQed in history as early ai 1120, the ancestral 
seat of a celebrated family, five members of which nere aTchbishopa 
and electors of May en ce between 1060 and 1305. It is now the 
property of PiinoB Stolberg-Warnigarode. 

Una CJfimiDlpTojecllonor thE;3Iau.''e^ig t),e KatierTtmpel. Adjacent 
Is tbe hotel meotloned above. Fioe view. Tbe saiumlt of the StmifeD 
(UeO ft. I '/< br. to the E. t T<llow war-marki) ta Decupled by a private villa 
and a belveder*. — Good vlewi are also obtained from the (■/• hr.) 
Ifahryiaiiihta and tbe O/i hr.) CsloimlBan*. 

The Suaert (1B90 ft.), which la eailly reached from EppBtetn in 
1 hr. by a path (yellow marka) aseendlng tbe valley and then by a road 
to the left, communda a fine view of the valleys of the Kbloe and Main. 
Below the anmoill la a rafuge-hut, ibaded by iku (rnuti. on Sun.). From 
the Koaaerl to KfiDlgatein &/, hr., lee p. 216. 

Immediately below Efipateln the Kdaiggleln road divergea to the 
H.E. from the Lorabaeh valleT. aacendinE the FSiehbach-Thal to (!■/< H.) 
as a lofty plateau 10 (2>/i M.) 
;o (IVs M.) KDalfsliin (p. 216). 

Beyond Eppatein the train passes through a tanne!. — From 
(23 M.) Nitdtmliauten {848 ft.) a branct-line diverges to AMVingen- 
Medenbach, Igitadt, Erbmheim, and (12i/sM,) Wieabaden (p. 1451. 

28 M. Idlt«iii (872 ft. i Lamm, well spoken of; Men ; Deutfcher 
Kaiter), a town of 3000 inhab., with many old houses, was once the 
residence of a branch of the Nassau family; the chSiteau, re-erected 
in the 16-17tli cent., is to be restored; the church, richly adorned 
with marble, dates ftom 1667. The Oiosse Feldberg (p. 216) may 
be ascended hence In S'/jhrs. — 31 M. Wflrfdor^. — From(34M.) 
Camberg (700 ft., Gutenbergar Hof), a UtUe town with 2300 in- 

■t the wooded valley of the mil. 
ruined caille. — From Nen-Wellnan 
a yellow-marked path lead* to (3 U.) ScJmitun (l&IO ft. ; (Icha), fraqoented 
by oonaumpiivei Diligence 10 Anspach, aee p. 2iB. 

36Vi M. Siedei-Seltois fCaipari; HilgenJ, formerly belonging 
to the Electorate of Treves. 

Nleder-Sallera baa been celebrated alnce the ]6lh cent, for ita mineral 
watera. In which carbonate of eoda and aalt are agreeably blended , and 
widely known nnder the erroneona name or 'Seltser Water'. Tbe bnilil. 
Ings of the apring are near the aUlion. 

391/, M. Obtrbreehen; 41 M. NiediTbTtcken. 

44 M. limbni^, on the Lahn, see p. 218. 


30. From Franklort or Hayence to Xannheim and 

a. Tift Lunpertlieim to Mavnbeim (Carltrttht). 

60Vj M- (or 471/1 M). lUiLWiT in IVi-at/j bM. (fstei from Ftukfort 
«JI!a,iJHb,2Jn0pt.; from Harence B .« 10, 1 .< 10, 3 .« 60 pfO- 

From Fnnkfort to (4 M.) Qoldtteio, see pp. 239, 240. 9i/t H. 
WaltdoTf; JO'/j M, Morfelden. — 16 M, Bomiersi )i the junction 
for Mayence (p. 261"). IS'/s M. Domheim; aO'/i M. Leediim- 
WolfdtehUn. — 21Vi M. Ooddelau - Erftlden ii tbe Jonctlon for 
the DarmaUdt ind WormB railway (p. 251], nbicb coiacideB with 
the Mannheim line as far *i Biblia {lee below). 231/; H- Stoek- 
itadt, on the Rhine; 26 M. BfefiMftdm. — 28 M. Q«riiBh«im fPoif ,- 
Darmitadter Bof), ■ amall and busy town on tbe Bbine, witb 4000 
Inhab., mentioned in blatory aa early aa TT3 and deiboyed by Htflac 
In 1689. It contains a inonnment to Petet Schoffer, one of the 
imenton of printing (p. 226], who was boin heie. — SO'/i M. 
Qroaa-Sohrhelm. At(33M.) Blilit, with a handsome obuTcbwith two 
towers, the line to Bsaengarien and Wonns dtterge* to the light 
[p. 264). 36 M. BuTstadl, Junction of the BeaBheim and Worois 
railway (p. 256). — 39i/jM. Lunpertheim (Bebtlodc; Schi»an), the 
jonction of a branch-line to Rosengarten and Worms , ia a town 
with 8200 inbab. and a large new cburcb. Oai line divideB here, 
tlie light branch leadingbyWaldfto^to the(47i/aM.)Neckar«ubntb 
of Mannheim, while tbe left paiBee (FafdAo/'and/ra/erihat and leada 
to the central station at (60t/i M.) JIfannAefm (p. 276). 

Continuation of the railway to CarUruht, Bee p. 279. 

b. Tift Darmitadt to Heidelberg and Kannlieiiu. 

From Frankfort to Dr-rmiladt (IT M.) rallwiy in Vi-i tr. (fares I Jf 9S. 
1 jl 3tt, SB pf. i eiprsas fares 2 Jf 30, 1 jK M , 1 j| 10 pf.). yrom HajCDoe 
to DarmiUidl (21 H.) railway in 'A-l hr. (fare* S ^, 3 JT, 1 J! 30 pt. i 
«iprei3 (area 3 .« 40 or 2 .« 10 pf,). From I/amiladl to Beideliira or 
Jtmn&eim. SS U., in lVi-2 hrs. (farefl to Heidelberg 4 .< 2S. 2 JT 80. 
1 j» 80 pf-i eiprsM fares B j: 10, 3 JT 40, 3 JT 45 pt-i lo ManDbelm 
a-30 pf. mors). Beit ilewi to the Hfl (E.). 

Fbom FiuxKrOBT TO Daemstadt. Beyond the Imposing Band- 
Btone brid^ over the Main a bianch-IlDe diverges to the left to 
Offenbach, and farther on the 'HeEaische Ladwigebitin' to tbe right 
to Mayence and Hannbelm (p. 240). On tbe bills to the left I3 
the SachserMiustr Warle, From [^Vl "'-) ^'^'tix^ & branch-line 
runs vii Sachsenhausen (p. 236) to (5 M.) Offtnbach. — The fol- 
lowing stations are for the most part some distance fiom the unlm- 
pottant Tillages after whioh they are named. The railway from 
Mayenc« to Darmstadt passes beneath oni line shortly befoie we 
reach [17 M.) Darmitadt. 

F&OM Maibnob to Daxkbtadt. Starting from the central 
station, the train runs under the citadel to the Sttdhor station, 
and crosses the Ludwigshafen railway (p. 279) and the Rhine. 


c. Google 

DARMSTADT 30. BouU. 351 

21/2 H. QuHava^^-KoiOuim (p. 340). 5 M. Bitcho^htim li the 
jnnetloD toi the Frankfort Railiny (p. 240) and for the Junction- 
line, now under conetmctlon, to Oti<l«I (Wiesbaden). 10 M. iVou- 
Ii4im. From (12)/j M.) Grotigtrau s branch-line inna to Domberg, 
tlie junction of the line to Mannheim vii Lampettheim (p. 260). — 
IS'/a M. EUtngeraUi 17 M. Wetteriladt. — 21 H. Darmitadt, where 
cuiiasea aie nanally ohsnged. 

SaVBItadt (aee Plan). — Kailway BtatioBi. 1. JfaM-JTHtor 
SlaHoa tPl' A. 2; reitaurint), on the W. lUn nf the Bshnlioffi-PlKti — 
3. fioMon 31ali<m HAulaleitalHi/icf: 'Restaui 

HstaU. -TiuuiE (Fl. •.-, B, 3), LulscnPIati 6. B. ^VrO, B. ]>/<, D. 3 J>.- 
°BuTAi<Hii(Pl.d.B, S), Bhein-Str. SB. B. 3-6, B. li/i.l*. S Jl, omn.fiDpr.; 
DabhutAdtei Hop (PI. b; B, 3), Eheln-Slr. 12, R. ai, B. l-l'/i, D. 8 JT, 
B^iLvti Bdtil. at the HessiaD Station; HnTKi, KOhlib (PL c; A,3>, 
Bh«in-6tr. EO, well apokcn of; Piim Kini, (¥1. e; C, 9), Carl-Str. 1. 

Beateniuti. Brilamia, see above; Wtaur Caji, Blieln.8tr. 38; &W7- 
ftrau,Wilbelminen-8ti., very fair; Falait TUitiBrraiit, Hutel-91r. 35; Ftntca- 
Jiallt (wine and lancbeon raomg). — (Ur«s. Wttntr Cafi. see abce ; Siehiire, 
Bhein-Slr, 16. near tlia LndwIgi-SBnle. ~ CVisPEcnoBES. Oil, HUztl-Str. 

Batlu, Aha Bad, Xanei^Slr. 17; JfM, Harlin-Str. 22. ~ Swimming 
Btibt it, the iFeot (PI. E, 2; 12 pf.. Ini^l. towel). 

Oah with ona liorM tor '/i Hr., for 1-3 pe"- 60, S-i pars. 80 pf. ; with 
two horaeaSOpf., Ijl; tor Vihr. U, i J iO. I JHO, i Jl S) pt.; 1 hr. 
2 J,2Jl ia_a j: BO, 3 JllO pf. - From the sUHons 10 pf. exlra. 

Bleatrio TFamwa;a (tv. 7 niln.; 10 pf.); 1. From th« BahmW-f'ti 
(PI. A, 3) In Ihe mtdrrBrnwiadUr-SlT. (PI. D. i). — 2. From the Carl-Btr. 
(lo the 8. of PI. B. C, 1) to Iha DiAnrsir-Blr. (PI. D, 1). 

Btum Tramwar from tbe Scblosi to Oriuham <p. 3U , comp. PI. 0, B, 
A, %; and from Ihe Lnlien-Platt to Sbtnladl (p. 2I»| comp. PI. B, A, 
3, 3, I) and to ArUattfm (comp. PI. B, 2, 1). 

Thaatrt {Eof-TlitaUi-! PI. C, 2), in the Theater-Plati, for operas and 

Art bhlbltloD in He'fiiwl-Vsrrin, Hhein-SlrtJie. — The F*r.m mt- 
FUrdtruag Qtrntavtaitigtr ZweUt, Blein-BlT. 2, pTes eierr iBfonnallon to 

Siitlah Ohars* d'Affaine, ArlAur Jamn Htrbiri, E'q. 

E&gllah ahonh BoTlee in Ihe Palace Chapel at 11 e.m. and 1.30p.Tn.; 
E. C. on the iat and 3rd Ban. In each month. 

Darmatadt (480 ft.), the capital of the Grand-Duchy of Hesse, 
with 72,000 inbtib.. a town with broad, quiet streets and taateful 
pleaanie-gronnds, wu, though dating from the 11th cent, and the 
teiidenee of the LaudgraTei of Hesae - Darmstadt since 1&67, a 
place of no importance down to the close of the 18th centnry. The 
Gnnd-Dnke Lewis I. (i. 1830) erected the new part of the town, 
and to him Darmstadt is indebted for its prosperity. 

In front of the Railway Stations (PI. A, 2] is ahuBt, by Berach, 
of tie ehemiat Justua oon Utbig (1803-73), » native of Darmstadt. 
Opposite the Hessian Station are the Bank of Commeree and the 
SouA Otrman Bank, bailt in 1876. 

The Rhein-Str. leads hence, past the New Toum HaU, to the 
LtnaEw-PLAM (PI. B, 2), whloh contains a Slaluc of Orand-Dvlie 
Leipii I., by Schwan thaler, erected to him by his 'grateful people' 

252 Route 30. DARMSTADT. From Frankfort 

In 1844^ the ststne is boine b; a column, 140 ft. in height, tha 
Bummit of which affords a flne view (fee 50 pf.]. In ihe same sqaare 
are the Foil Offiet, bulU in 1877-83, the Blandtluxw, and tha 
Kaialti-Qtbaadt. In theMithilden-Plalz, close by, are a handiome 
fonniain and a hnst of Abi VogUt (1779-1814), the teacher of 
Weher and Meyerbeer. 

The ataod-Daiial f olaoa (PI. C, 2) nas began in the Idth cent. 
and largely rebuilt by the Landgrave George I. at the end of the 
i6th cent. ; the portals, belonging to that period, bnt finished after 
the landgrave's death, are a good specimen of the German Renala- 
since. The bulli of tbe building wa^ erected in 1715-27, from the 
designs of Ro\tge St la Fosse. The toner contains a chime of bells 
(1671). — Tbo entrance to the Palace Collections is by tbe archway 
in the Markt-Platz. A aight of 58 steps ascends to the first fioor, 
where tbe library is to the left, the Landes-Maseum to tha right. 

The valuable Library consists of about 450,000 vols., 4000 MSS., 
and Qumeroua typographical curiosities; it is open on week-days to 
Tiaitora 11-12 a.m., to stodeuts 9-1 a.m. and (eicapt Sat.) 3-6 (in 
winter 2-4) p.m. — The Qrand-Ihical fialional Muieum (_Landei- 
Muaeam; Director, Prof. Back) is open free on Tues., Wed., and 
Frid. 11-1, and oiiThurs. 3-6 (in winter 2-4); also at other times 
for a fee. It comprizes an Archaeological Coiieclian (good catalogne 
1 U(~) of prehistoric, Roman , and Frankish antiquities (notably a 
large Roman mosaic pavement) ; a Mediaeval and Modem Collection 
of enamels from the Lower Rhine and from Limoges, ivory carvlt^ 
of the 5th and 10-18th cent., wood-carvings (Crociflilon by 
T. Rlemenschelder), armour, weapons, etc. ; and a Natural History 
Collection. ■ — On the npper floor is the — 

'PioTusB GALi.BitT, a collection formed for the most part during 
the 18th snd 19th cent. 

RooH I: Pioturea by 3(*i7iidl, BictaU, Fitdlti; Bchau, KiHnU, Itorff- 
Item, etc., ehleUv of tb« IStb cent.; al«o laveral modsm plctnrei. On 
Ihe main wall, to the left: 136. Bchirmer, Heidelbere Castle^ 134. JtfurifCfl- 
sltra. Valley of the laai; 13T. Uuing. Evenine-scene on the Moselle; 128. 
Bhilhach, GulelGtndolioi 'IdTp. A. Fiucrbach, Ipblgeneia (1862). — In Uie 
middle, 1st Sec. ; .SKtalt, Bfl. Children in the poullry-jnrd, 17. Porlrait of 
bimaelf. SndSec., W. FUditr, Opon-air concert ; 128. SWn^^Iic*, GenoveUi 
113-151. Aciaibadfi, Four gmallUutcb landscapes. 3rd Sec.: l!2fi. KoOnan, 
Landscape; 133o. U. von Srhmnd, Lad. and page: 103. /. A. Koch, TivoU. 
On a stand: "158. raomo, Scene in Ihe Taunus, 

RtWK II. Modern Qerm-n Works- Principal Wall: ■15Bm. BrocM, 

and Bee: 168r. Uhde, Saying gtace (I89T)i_ IKe. Jfunlta, Winli 

EOOM in. Early German and Fie. 

5l3. Vl^n ind Cliild, ai3a. AlUr-pan._ . _. , 

School (Wohhemutit), tlotint of Olivei; 211. a. Anci, Portrait of a mani 

22a. H. BatAmi Grim, Christ aa gardener (late work, IbSS; damsted); 19B. 

to BOdOhtrg. DARHSTABT. 30. Route. 25o 

a. Bm* I'to BIdir, Porlr&it (IWS); •198. Slephaa LocHnir (the mutn of 
lh« nnmhi:.] at Cnlntne), PcescnUtlon in the Temple [1U7). — In the middle, 
.di. Virgin ud GbUd; 19S. J>iilTfidr, Hidoima In ■ liillT 
-"■- "- Porliatt (lBl&)i im MttMr of UM 

IU>OH IV, Dut'.h ud FlEuisb Bi^hoola (ITtli cenl.). In the pnuage: 
•3]S. NtVfhalci, Portrtil. — Principal W&U : 38B. Ami FoOtr, Stftble; :i!1. 
,il, lit Ai, Old nomui '396. AuMlM, Diua hnnllDii (<». I6!j0j mljnlT 
executed bj pnpUi); *3&0. &Ai>al of Ktinbrmdi (B, Fabriiitut). glmeon 
in the Temple. — In the miiidle, iBt Sec, i "Sil, Ranbrtmdi, Scooping 
of Christ (16J8(. Sod 8ec. ■. 386, 387. fl, ran dm BicWoiH, Porlr.its ; JOB, 
P. dt fl»iw»< (Sam. KID ECBgHyaltnl), Psrroli •368. ra. <lt .ffKiia-p), 
Officeii S*5, A. Btbvmt, Boom "383. .dorl ton irr Stir, LitDdBcupe by 
moDnlii^hl; VJH. /« i/it ifyle of Jlabbana, Landscape, ."rd See.: SIS. St/iaot 
of Etmbraniil (FatriUvit), ChriBt it Bmmsiu, 

Boom V. Datch ud Plemlgh Schooli. In the puHge; EOS. Lvcat •■> 
rrdcn, Ludsccpe. Prineipid WiJl: "Seg. S. •«• iir Sell, FuU-1en«l]i of 
mn old wonma. — In the middle, Ut Sec: aCU, Tdrirrj libfldir, Peuuli 
daneine; 3^, Fan fljicl (IJ, Portrait of a man; ■STl. />. BrtMgMI On Elier, 
Dance under the gaUoirg-lree (1568). — Snd Sec, : SST. PA. di Champalme, 
Fortikit; 376, SIT. OantaUi Coguei. Foilralti. 

Booh VI, 336. Jaa Portiiiu,Ot\m set; 2S6. C. zan Fd«-I(!), Portrait 
of the orglnUl J, P. SwilllTiB, 

Book VII. French Sehool. IBS, 490. VmloB, Portrait of Louii XV. 
and his Queeo Haria Luciioaka. 

Boom THI. Italiuu, In the middle, lit See.: 630, 631. B. Btbitle 
(Caialttto), Qraad Cinil; -019. I^lion, Pnrlridl (ISK). 2nd Sec: Ul. 
A:in. Cmraici, SmilL fnll-length portrait of a man (16n3|i UT. Carlo 
CaJiari, Venus and Adonis. 

— ■ ■ middle, 
tl. 2Dd 

application at the elewird'e office (Brsl door to the right In the 

'Klrchenhon, vltKon are conducted b; an attendant to the jtutrnilfnootni 
and Imperial Simmi (decorated in the rococo and 'Empire' styles) and al«a 
to iDiHsct the cetebrsled '*Kidonoa with the family of Bnrgomuter Meyer 
of BUe. by Ba^la llu Fonafir, nalnled in 10X1, A skilful retloratlon by 
A. Amiir (1S98) has removed mach of the repalnllnE of some of the heads, 
ud the work again ihinea with its origiad glory. 

In tha square in front ot tbe Palace (PI. B, C, 2) standa a bronze 
Emtatrian Statue of Lewis IV. [d. 1892), b? Schapet, nnTeiled la 
1698. On the N. side of the aqnare Is the New Museam, In (root of 
whtoh BtaodH the War Mofitiment for 1870-71, bj lieizlg. — The 
Nevi MuMum, built by A, Wessel, which ie to be opened eatly In 
1904, will contain the collections eanmcrated on p. 252. 

Tbe aciangemeiit of the rooms will be aa follows: t« tha riebt, In- 

ia.l (Bomani 



a styles if lb 






the main b. 

lildlDg 1 


tilery and Ih 

a Engl. 



Ld the Ethnographical CoUeciion. 

Between the New MoseDm and the Thbatu (PI. C, 1), tebuilt 

since its destmctloD by Ore in 1871, are Statuei, by Scholl, of the 

Undglave Philip Ifte Otneroui (d. 1567) and his boo George I. 

(d, 1596), foundeT of the grand-ducal family. 

354 Route 30. DABU3TADT. From Frankfort 

Adjacent is the enttiDoe to the HsBBBH-OAftnti (PI. B, 0, 1), 
vhich is Tell lud out. Under &a iTy-cbd hill heie lepOMs tlie 
Landgravine Htnrietta Carolina (d. 1774), 'femliia seia, ingento vlr' 
■ceoiding to tbe iugcription on the nm dediuted to liei bj Frad- 
eilck the QreW. — To the E. 1b the TcchidcaX Aeadany (PI. C, 2 ; 
50 protawors uid about 1400 stodents). 

In theMarH(Pl. 0,2)»UndB the Old Tinon HoU, a simple Re- 
lulaeance building of 1600. In the Kirch-StiaBse, to iha 8.E., Is the 
StadtUnht (PI. G, 3), nith a Gothic choir (1500) and the elaborate 
Renaissance monument of Laadgrave Q-eotge I. — Firiber on, to 
the S.E., ace the new Beal-SdwU and the Gymiuuium, founded iu 
1627. In the gardeiiE in front of the latter is the modem Gothic 
StacU-Capelle (PI. C, 3). — In the Wilhelmlnen-Plati (PI. B, 3) is 
a monument to the Qrand-Duchtii Alice (see below), from Habich's 
designs, elected in 1902. The modern Boman Catholle CAurch (nanal 
entrance at the S.E. angle), to the 8., contains the well-eiecuted 
marble sarcophagus of the Qtand-Duchesa Mathilde (d. 1862), with a 
recumbent figure of the princess by Wtdnmann. — On the W. side 
of the PlaU i! the »ew Palaee of the Orand-Dtike, built in 1865, 
In the Italian Renaissance style. 

To the E. of the town riseB the HKthUdeuhShe (PI. D, B, 1, 2), 
with the AliEt Botpital (PL D, 1; station of the electric tramway 
Ho. 2, p. 2fii). The Mathildeubehe Is tbe seat of an Artists' Colon;, 
established in 1901, with the honses and studios of several well- 
known painters and Bcnlplors. Adjacent is the reservoir of tbe 
Town Water Worki (view). — Fardier to the E., beyond the Oden- 
wald Ballwiy (Rounhohe station, see p. 2£2), is the SotenhShe 
(Pl.F, 1,2), with the Palate of the same name, and the Orand- 
Dueai MauioUam , containing the lemaiOB of the Grand - Duke 
Lewis IT.(d. 1892) and his wife, Princess Alice of England (d. 1878). 
The •Tomb of the PrineesB EllBabetb, who died when a child , with 
B recumbent figure in marble, is by Bauch (1831). 

1 OP DiuiSTiDT. Pleaiant walks may be made In Ihe eiten- 

- To Itae N.E. of Darmgladl are KarMnf (V> bi ), tbe fm- 

f (1 hr.), 

,.e of Bi«M,l (I hr.), to lb* 8. Iha i«l-i,*M> 1796 fl-i iO min,), 

h view-to 


F.1,1. Da; 

»™TAUT TO Wo«Ba. 271/. M,. railwav la l-H/.lu'. ((atw 8 ^ 80, 



™. line u (ar u (21 M.) BiblU. 24 M. ffonu*n f*» Ktod), the 

cliaa of tba Benahelm and Worms line (p. 2S6). V/c crogt Uu Staiaa bT 

in makei a 

ctrcuil round IhaH.iide of lb? town. — a7ViK. n-«fat (p. SSI). 

yaoM D* 

aHSTADT TO KiHSHiiH, 3SV< M. lUrtt 4 ^ 85, a ^ eO, 

( eopt.s 

MP«.. (a™ 4 jr 65. iJI 5 pf,, a Jt). To a^i,h»-er- 

Im, M« ,1 


™(m(( 10 B&.rt«c4, see a. 31b. t. ;oO>;Ii.' 

to Heidelberg. JDOENHEIH. SO. Scvtt. 256 

17'/a M. Btsiungen, now i suburb of D«xmsUdt, witli two 
gardens beloDgliig to the Qrsnd-Dake. — Neu this point begins 
the Bergitraiit, an old road orlginslly constrncted by the RomanE, 
skirting the fruit and vJne-cladW. slopes of the Odenwald (to which 
the name 'Bergstrssse' Is sometimes applied In a videi sense), and 
teadlDg to Heidelberg. — 20 Vs M. Ebiretadt (Tranbe; DarmaUdteT 
HoOl 1 M- to the E. of the station. A branch-line rans bence to 
(11^ MS) the bnsf little town of Ffungstadt (Strauss , with garden), 
witli 6300 Inhab. and a well-known biewury. ■_ On the hills to tbe 
left tUes tbe rained castle of Frankemtein (1110 ft,), commanding 
■ splendid *Vlew (inn). The chapel contains combs of the 16-lTth 
centuries. — 35 M. BKkcnbach, the Junction of a branch-line to 
Jagenheim and Seehelm. 

FaoH BlCKKHBACQ TO SiEHEiu, 3 H., raUway in Vt hr. — V/, M. .411- 
baeh (KronB; Sanoe, both plain). Above, to the Tighl, Vibr, tiom Algbach 
and •/< br, frum Zwiogfoberg (see below) , la Burs Bklimliach or the Jlt- 
baOur Sshtmi (775 ft ), with » embattled lower. From this point we mav 
aacend tbe Helibocua In •!, br,, or foUow the wtDding 'Hermuweg' (blue 
marks) to (he rjbrs.) Aueiba^her Scbloss, or walk on to (1 br.) Jugenhelm, 

at both'4V:-S Jl: Iii^ichi't'llMii ; aeHloti-Bdldj, a favouHte aummer-resort, 
with pleasant lillaa. About 1 M. to (he S.E. la the cbtteau oi BHKombera 
(TIO ft.), the reaidence of Prince Lewis ot Battecberg (fine views in the 

Pimmnrcd) eTaveaU>nes of the lAtb cent, and the 'Centlinde'.'an old lime- 
Iree marking tbe site of a 'Centgericbl' or Court ot a Hundred. On an 

3 H, Beeheiin (450 ft. ; Et^fnagtt, ver;- fair, pens, i-6 JT), where there it 
a grand-ducal summei-chilPau, the garden of which is opf n to the public. 
Above Seebflim rlsea the ruined csatle of Tamenberg (iflD ft.), destroyed 
In lB9fl ; it la acarcely visilile from below, 

371/2 M. Zwiugeubei^ (318ft. ; Lowe , with garden, pens. 31/4-1, 
verr fait), an old town, witli 1600 inhab., lies at the foot of the 
wooded MtUbocus ot Malchen (1690 ft.), the highest point of the 
Bergatrasse and entirely of granite. On the summit is a tower, 
erected In 1772 (fee 16 pf., for a party 1 J[; refreshments). 

pttla^^m^k^d iVniSge to "he top 1^'ia 5.^- FMii*^an^H (iVthr.) 
FaoM JnaBBBEij! (l'/rlV<hr.) we proceed lo the mouth of tbe ^ottAaimr 

■aoGca SoHLosB (■/, hr.) wo follow the 'Herrenweg- (blue and wliite marka) 
to the 'Nolhgottea-Saltel', and then (orange marks) aecend direct. 

39>/2 H. Aoerbaoh. — Hotal*. 'EBona, aatabllabed originally In tbe 
iT(h cent., R. i>/<, pens. 4-b Jl; Bavss; Tuube, R. iVr3, pens, from 1.4. — 
Lodgings, R. from T Jl per week. — Keer a( the SchOUmliof. — Carrlage- 
tarif at the hotels. 

256 BouteSO. 

good beidq^QUteTS for eioutsions ia the W. part of the OdenvUd. 
Good wine is produced in the neighbooihoad, the best quality being 
called RottwBin. 

The 'Aiurbacber Sdiloii is situated on an eminence (1150 ft.; 
inn) to the N.B. of the lillage, whence footpaths asoead on the 
S. and W. Bides of the hill in "/jJ/, hr. The eaniafe-road leading 
thiongh the Hochst£tter-Thal akiits tbe S. and E. sides. Said to 
have been founded by Cbailemsgne, the castle appears aftei 1257 
as a fortress of the Ooanta of Katienelubogen, held at first as a Set 
of the monastery of Lorsch (see below), and then of the Electorate of 
Hayence. The present building dates from the 15th cent. ; in 1674 
it was blown up by Turenne. The yiew from the towers is less ei- 
tensive hut more picturesque than that ftom the Melibocus. — A 
little to the W., below the Notbgottes-Sattel (p. 256), the foand- 
ationa of the ancient CapeUe tur Htiligen Noth Oottei were dis' 
coveted in 1892, and the site of the altar miiked by a new crnciflz. 
From Auerbach the 'Nene Weg', whioli diuerges to the left from 
the path to the castle at the upper end of the village, leads thither 
in 3/^ hr. 

ENTiKoas, Ooe of Ibc prettiest points near Anerbacb is (be Nratm- 
lager, a imsll chateau bailt during the 15tli cenlory b; Itae Landgiaies of 
HcHB, and aolarged ttv L^wis 1. (p. 2S1), »ilb a cbaljbeatE sprlag and 
cbarmiiie eronnda. CoSta and milk may be bad at the cb&teau. It ma; be 
Hacked bj \he road in 20 min. from tbe 'Krone' inn, ur (pleasaDtet) b) 
following the path to tbe H)!bt indicated bytheangar-pontopposita the inu. 

forest-paUu wbieh converge here. 

(!■/< br. in alt). — About Vi hr. to tbe E. of tbe FarstnuiaEci: nu ngnmwiru 

(p. 260). 

30 M. Bensheim (330 ft.; fleuler's Bottl, at the station; 
Deutsches Haua, Traube , in the town) is a busy town (7200 in- 
hah,) in a pictnresque situation at the entrance of tbe Laaltr-Thol, 
through which the road ascends to SchSnberg and Beichenbach 
(p. 260). It dates as far back as the 8th century, and till 1802 
belonged to Mayence. The two churches, Roman Catholic and Pro- 
testant, are modem. 

Froh Grhsbiih to Woaxe, 11 K., railway in aboal 'Ubr. - 3H. Lnach 
(4000 inhab. i Silel Barlmaan), on the Hrtidmil,, with ruina of a monialery 
(Latiyahammi MonailK-ium), founded in T63 ou an island in tbe Wetchniti 
and afterward) removed to its present lite. In TSS Cbirlemagne Mligned 
It as a place of banlsbmeut to Tauilo, Duke of Bavaria, wbn bad been 
condemned to death as a traitor. To the E. of tbe Xsrkt-Plalz, '/, ii. from 
Ih. alation, is tbe -UicliaeU-OapiUt (key kept by tho'iacriatan of the pmiish- 
LTch), which is now recognised as tbe moDastery-portal erected by 

wi- the fieri 

beaded ucbes hav 

,e (motlier of Chrien 

\ritadl (p. KO)i lOVi M- Bo/lieii 

Ne«r (33Vs «0 HeppenheJin (328 ft.; Hofflw Afond; Darm- 
itadUr Bofi 68(K) inhabj, to the left of tbe loid, rises tbe Landbtrg, 
a hill ciowDed with three trees, wheie the pTOvincial tribunals irers 
held in tbe middle agei. The chorcb of Heppenhelm was founded 
by Chailemagne , according to an old inscription. The present 
edifice is of later timei. 

Tha niln or BtsTkealnus (930 ft) ii rwchsd bj a good patb riom 
HeppaDhelm in Vt br. It wu erscted Id 1061 b; an abbot of Lorocb, 
captnnd bj ths Smdes and Spaniard! ■□ tbt Thirty Tsars' War, and 
butsged in Tala by Torenu Id IBTl. It giTsi its name to a prOTlncI of 

The train now enters the dominloiie of Baden. 35 M. Lauden- 
hach. Beyond (37 M.] Bemshach ve cross Jhe small Wachnitt. 

40 M. Wdultsia. — Hotali. PpiLzia Bar, a waU-knom house, 
with large garden, K. li/i-3, D. 2, pani. i'jriJi! Vied lJ.Bmitint, in 
Ibe tDwni Fanrz Wuhelm, al tbe sUtton. 

W(inA<*n (345 ft.), a leather- making town of 11,200 Inbah., 
lies at the union of the Gonhtim and Sirl^cnou vulleys. It once 
belonged to the Abbey of Lorsch, and is of ancient origin , though 
owing to Its destmction during the Thirty "Vesrs' War and in the 
devastation of tbe Palatinate in 1689, there are few old buildings of 
any Importance. A few towers belonging to the former fortification?, 
the Bouit of the Teutonic Order (now a gOTerument-office), and tbe 
Oolhlo BatUtaiu are the only relics of its former prosperity. Tbe 
Oothic toweis of tbe Soman CothoiJc Okureh and the Btrl^im'tclit 
Sehlota are modern. — To tbe E. rises the old castle of Windedi 
(720 ft.), with Its high tonical 'Bergliried' tower (p. 127), the pro- 
pertr of tbe monastery of Loiscb In the I'Jih cent., iftetnards that 
of the Palatinate , commanding a beautiful tie w. Pleasant waits 
may also be taken totbeFtich9«n-ilfuUi(garden-restaarant; station 
on the railway mentioned at p. 261) in the Birkertautr'Thai, the 
OoTSCheimer-Thal, ih» KafUmkajpald, the Wachcnberg (1320 ft.), 
OtterOtrg (1120 ft.), Birichkopf (1145 ft.), etc. — BuUtrgtr. the 
best wine of tbe Bergstiasse. is produced near Weinheim. 

FioH WliiHiiH TO HaiDUBBBO, 10V> »; itum-tramway in H/t hr. 
alont the BereBlraiae. li^ H. LaiuhSacluen (Traube), known for il< red 

BiaDEW's Kbiae. 1/itb Bdlt. 17' 

i; 21/] H arou-SoAim (ilio rail. list., bm belaw); St/i H. LeiMrt- 
Ai; o'/i K. Schrieihgim (DraUclitr Eaiur). conimBjided by the luiaa 

rriea of red porphyry. — 9 H. 
Bollur OcAh). much visited b; 

rcftches in tErminui in the BUniarci-Flali »t (lO'/i M.) snielbtrg (p. 361). 

Mo tind ^VrWol (p. 250) in 1 hr' 

Sailaay from Wriatitm Is /'Urtt, see p. Ml. 

43 M. Qroii-Saeluen. — 46 M. Ladanbarg (Rose) , -the Rmdui 
Lopadunum , to which the walls and towew, and the vU Gothic 
chuich of 51. Qaiiui (14th cent.) give an aii of impoitance. The 
Meckw is ctoseed here by a bridge ot ted sanditona. 

48Vt M. FrUdrielufad, wbeia the Unas to Heidelberg and Hann- 
heim aeparite, — A branch-line le»ds hence to (4 '/z *'■) Sehwetttngen 
(.p. 27B). 

55 U. HeidtlbOTB, seep. 264. — 541/* M. i*.tnnini.m, »ee p. 276. 

31. Tlie Odenwald. 

TheOienwaU, a woodedmonnUln-dlstrict lying between Dumttadtud 
Heidelberg and extending on the E. u far aa the Mala. !■ abonttOH. Ib 
lenfith and 21-30 H. in breadth. lu W. mess it forned malaly ofgnnlta 
aod lyenite, itaB. porliaa of vaiieraied landetone. Tbe hlgheat pointg ua 
the SoiMnfcacttl (SOaa ft., >ee p. ftii, the J/tunkirdur aaht (IdSiK., »• 
p. 3G9), the KrMtrg (1960 ft., see p. 2i0), tbe rrDimn (1S60 (1., tee p. 361|, 
the JfjHto™ (1^ [t., >ee p, S6S), end the FtUbtvg {i64B ft., see below). 

the Black Furest. The Oiamali Cliib hai constnicted pslbs (m*p publiahed 
at Darmitidl, IBM; 2 Jl) and erected belTsderes at TUiDna pointa. 

a,. Weiten Purtlon. 

OKI Dai: From Bietti^ach to Che Pillberg 2 hri, , Iheace to Lindta- 
Ml aVihrs., and thence in I hr. lo «lr(*, where the railway li regained. 

n._._ >v .. T^.__. J... __ g]jm,j [„ u„4a^ii. Second day: by the 
TB,, thence by Ober- and Ualer-ScMnmatltn- 
a acMnm to Jrectofittfoac* Ghra. 

From Jtigenk^m (p. Ibb) to the Felabei^ (I'/s^''-)' Beyond 
the chateau of fteiliffenbeTg (see p. 265) we ascend to the right 
through the grounds, and, at the flnger-poal Indicating the way 
(' Wilhtlmlnenvieg') to the Feltbtrg, turn to the left round the hill, 
whence a pleasing glimpse of the Mellbocas la obtained. We neit 
flBoend »long the edge of the wood (view of the Auerhachec Sohlosi) 
to the Slalftier X'reus(Curalpe Inn), and then to the right (aomewhat 
Bteeper) to the FeUberg (1646 ft. ; *H6ut FtUberf, R. I'/a, D. iijt-2, 
fene.tJK; Testaaraiitatthe Por(al«r'i). The view to the E. embraeea 
a great part of tbe Odenwald , and extends to the Spessart and 
Asohatfenburg. A rongh cart-tracli (finger-poets behind the hotel) 
leada to (5 mln.) the AtlaTilein, a cubica,! block of syenite, bearing 
tracei of an attempt to hew It Into lengths for a hnge archltnye. 
About 6 min. lower down, in a amall gully, is the Riaens3ule, a 
column of the aame material, 30 ft, in length, and S-i^i ft. thick, 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Odtmcatd. MECNKIRCHEN. 31. Routt. 259 

with > notch IY2 inch deep Id the middle. Tbete ie no doabt that 
an old Bomui quarry once existed hero, vhich perhaps also Fumieh- 
ed the columni on the SchloHbrnnneD at Beidelberg (p. 269). The 
FetMttmttT ('sea of loclu') , on the aide o( the road , belov the 
Riesensaole, consista of blocks of syenite acatteied in hage and eon- 
fnsed masses, covering an area of 500 paces by 200. — A path, 
indicated by leddlsb-brown marks, descends past the FelsenmeeT 
to Relshenbach fp. 260) in less than 3/) hr. 

~ .... ,„,ji,^t,, 

The path (or 


matkii) ucei 


aide of the hiU (lo the right the 

•, MC below) 


"f"w. flan'k of IheFXbere. 

ii*on (p. 2»), a-ai/i hrs. On* 
r.d »nd whits m«k.J iMdt vil 

palb (to the 

u we quit 

the villBg. 


her (reuow 

Ihe FUrilmliva- (p. 266). The 

retBm iboa 


made bj- tb 

path leadine tovardi the Mell- 

boeD>(p.3aO; d> 


th* htictat 1 


1 the Hoctaiti 



e 'BeuB Krtlmm-) lo the Kolh- 


J»| , and then the -B 

enweg' (blue and white) to the 

(lift hi.) Aoerbaeher Schjoi, 

Fboh Fblbbibq to Lindbhfbls v[a thb Nbchsibchbb HOus, 
3t/j hra. This is the ronte usnally chosen by tonrUta. We take the 
above-menttoned eart-traok to the AlUiriitin, but diverge to the left 
before reaching this and follow the yellow way-marks to Beedett- 
ftfrelkcn, taking care to go straight on beyond the chnich, and not to 
the right (to Lautem). Beyond Beedenkirchen guide-posts Indicate 
the toute Co (3/4 hr.) Brandan (1040 ft.) , whence a public Tehiole 
plieatwicedailytoOber-Bamatadt(8M.; see p. 262). PromBrandaa 
to Neunkircheo we may either take the direct path (white way- 
marks) in 1 1/2 hr.; or choose the longer [ODle(l>/4-2hrs.) yliLuttti- 
baeh (•Meyer's Inn. pens. 3-3i/i JK), near which, to the left of the 
road to Klein-Bieberau (white and blue way-marks), U a lofty pre- 
cipice known as the Wildfrauhmu. — At ITeimkirchan (1680 ft.; 
Orutur Baum, very fair . pens. 3 .M) a monument commemorates 
Herr Ohly, the founder of Uie Odenwald Club. 

A path lodiealed by white marks deaceoda bom Neankiirahea and 
than aiceads Ihronsh woui to th* Oil hr.) 'WeSnweg' (see belDw), whenc* 
I again deacendi lo Ihe ('/i br.) rain and farm of BedcnUHa (p. 363). 

An easy path (red vay-marks) ascends from Neunklrchen to the 
I Vi l>r.) top of the NetmldMlier H5he (1965 ft.), the highest point 
in the Hessian Odenvald, with a viaw-tower (75 ft. ; 20 pf.) com- 
manding an eitenslve suney as tar as the Baardt, Tannus, Vogels- 
berg, and Spessart. A path (gieen marks), rough at first, descends 
hence to the S. to the road and ('/l'"-) ^intefbotlcn and thence, 
passing the pavilion on the iitifiToder(p.260), to (35 mln.) iinden- 
feli (p. 260). 

hlnher H8he one (yellow and orange mark.) ieadi to the S.W. to (>/, hr.) 
OaJtrnlulm (p. 3flO)i and anotbei (yellow) to the H.E. ili FrtUiU (a 

260 Stivit3l. LINDENFELS. Od«nua£d. 

wblte triniBnIv oitiTki) diverges to tliB laTt mi IntAt thrauEh wood to 
the (!■/, it.) saddle above Kunrod (Sue vien) and thence to (IVt br. moTB) 
Onu-Bllberati (p. 363). 

High Road fbok Bensobiii to LljaDEjapRLS, 11 M., diligence 
twice daily io BnmmBr in 3 lira, fretinniog io 2 hrs.). The roid 
ascends the v&iley of the Laulcr to (1V( ^- fiom BenBheim) Soliin- 
berg ("Sonne; Ttaubij, a village with a chStean of Count Etbach- 
ScboDberg. Fine view from the garden of the cheteaa and rrom tlie 
Tillage- charcb. — Thence we proceed vl& mimahatunt and £tin«- 
Ivuuen to (^V: M. farther) B«ieliaiibaoh (625 ft. ; Travhe), a TiUage 
of 1300 inhab., with a w^i-moaumeat and a fouDlain in the market- 
place formed of hewn blocks of syenite from the Felaberg (p. 268). 
The way to the (1 hi.) Felibeig, past the monnment, to Ibe right, 
is indicated by a guide-post. 

The road now ascends the gradnally contracting valley, past the 
ultramarine worls oi Lmtltm, to (21/2 M.) Qadcrnlitlm (1140 ft.; 
Reltlob's Inn) and, past Schmidt's Inn, ,'to [IV4 M.) Kolinbach 
(1340 ft.), and flnaUy crosaes the Kolmbacher HShe (1476 ft.; 
Une view) to (3 M.) Lindeufels. 

A Bborter footpath dV'l"-! oranKemitltsI fll.ergsa to the left ftomtta 
LlndcDfeli blghrosd to the E. of Eeiclienbach, and ioins the raid leading 
to OuQDl Erbach'B rarm of Bahimi^i at Ihg (V: K.) Boht Sie«b, a quuta 
e»g piajecUng from tha woods (beside wblch is ■ memorial atone to Prinea 
Alexander of Balgarla) we diveige once mOTa to the left, and, beyond 
UnUr-Satdilliac/i, rwoln the hlehTOad at a point between OtdemhBlm 
and Kolmbacb. 

£ud«i. where the key of tbe view-lower on tha hill (1T60 ft.) ii to 
he obtained at Relnlg's Inn, liei </• br. to the 3. of the farm of Hohen- 
Iteln, ll/i hr. to Ihel. of Bebonbarg (vil Gnmau and ilatrameitaeA), and 
•I, hr. to the S.W, of Qadamheim. To (he 8. of Enoden li the wooded 
Knhbira (1986 «.). 

LindenfalB. — Heteli. "Hssusches Hioe. with shady garden. In the 
town: ■ViUTOKu, In the Beoibeimer-Str., with garden^ Odihwud, Oure, 

peoi. d4Vt -Mx Tunas, Dakh- 
. 3>^ Jl% Villa EnraiBml,, p. 

ETADTsn Hor, to tbe 8., bolh plain, pens. S>^ U 

i-b.M\ ViLLalfABu(forinTalidai Dr. Schmidt), pens. 3-10 ^i Da. Wnss- 

ManH'a Lodgivo Hdcsb, opposite the Hessische Hans, with pretty view. 

Lind^ftU (1170 ft.), a favourite sum met- resort (1500 inhab.), 
the finest point in the Odenwald, with a modern Frot. church and 
an older Kom. Cath. church , is picturesquely eitnated on an 
eminence. It is surrounded by the remains of old fortilloationi 
and is commanded by a large mined ChAUaa (1310 ft,), fotmerly 
the property of the Palatinate. — On the beautiful wooded hill 1 H. 
to the E. is the lAidwigii^he, a eniill wooden temple commanding 
a floe view, espedaHy picturesque by evening-Hght. Towards theE., 
the prospect is more extensive from a point '/« hr. higher up. — 
Attractive views are also obtained from the CaroWfMn-Tnnpet, ','2 hr. 
to the N.W. of Lindeufels, in the 'Bach', above the road to Kolmbach 
d Gademheim, and froni the LitatTOder, 20 min.. to tiie N., on 

the way to Winterkasten (p. 5 

Odemeald. FDBTH. 31. BotOt. 261 

Fbuh LivDiHiua TO HirpiKHBia, atioat 19 H., pluiul f aDt[iUh (red 
and Willis wiT-mu-ki)- Wb tike the pith dsacmdlng to tha laft at Iba 
UBt lioagg berbra the gita of tba cbttem, md than Ibe third pith an Iha 
right. Beronil EuItioiA wa climb to tha lop of the hill on the other 
tide of the TiUey ind at the bErfnnliiR of the wood tarn lo the IsR to 

•tr'ika 'the highroid from Fiirtti 10 HeppenhOi'm. FoUowlBg Ihia over the 
uddle, ira thea take Iha pith through Ihe meadows on the laft lo CV< hrO 
iHi-nMauHn and la »/( hr. more reich Heppenheim (p. 3B7). A gnide-pOBt 
jaal beyond Elnehhiaitw Indicates Ibe roula Is Ihe rlghs to the Starken- 
InrB (p. 367). 

Fkom LiHD«Bf«s TO FOkth, hiBhrQid, see below. A ihorter fontpith 
(green wiT-marks} damends to the B. from Linlanfcls, enlera the (10 mlB.) 
wood to Ihe left, (3S mln. rarlhei) crossae i fir-ctad amineBsa (avoid tha 
path to Ihe Jaft lierB), and raachea Forth In ID mlD. more. 

FbiOm Wbihhbik to Forth, 10 M., branch - lailway io about 
1 hooi. — WdtAiim, see p. 257. The train paisea the sWlion Zum 
Birkenauer Thai and ascends the pictaiseqne valley, which i» watered 
by the WachniU. — 1*/^ H. Btrkenau, a Tillage with 1600 inhab., 
poBseaaea a Prat, and s Bom. Cath. church, and a chilcean and park 
of Baron Ton Wambolt. — S'/s M. Rtilim. — 6'/l! M. MorUnbatb 
(Krone), with 1000 inhabitants. 

Fboi MuaLEHUCH TO WiHux, lOH.. railway in cs. 1 hr. — 3 H. WMen 
H K. a-tidachi e M. WaldmicluOach (Bee below): T M, fTaUr-WsldirUehilbadu 
Tft U. AllMacli; g H. AffoltiTbach. — 10 M, WOlitm, 

Viaitiiiiotulbaeb (UiOft.i iSMrtmtwv. peas. S-S'A^,- OdflwaliL pens. 
8.1 ^, e picturesquely slm^led llltle town (pop. 000^ and i eapllal 
centre fur aicmtions. Fine view from the BAimnKlbira (lUO ft.), 1 hr, 
to Ihe If.W. (pilh IndieUed by yellow circles), near SlulintoiHltl on the 

hiehroid, 3 H. f 
laV, M., 1 diJlse 

»ai (HlWeh Inn 

Anolhei pal 

h, marked by orange trianglea, leida from Wildmichel- 

lo'follow Ihe'™ 


-.... -. , .-, , ,o(3'Ah._., 

EalUglnrtui-aitiwich (Lowe, pens, hi Jti, whence another (red ciiclei] leads 
to (1 hi.) ScUoau (p. 374) and J/ickarilitmich (p. S7S). 

7 M. Zotunbaeh, Vi M. from Ihe Tillage of Chat name. ~~ S M. 
Blmbuh (Heufiehcr fiTaltSf , very fair, R. & B. lVi-<(0 i> " «il>«se 
with 1800 inhabitants. — 9Va M. Fahfmback- Lontnhach. — 
10 M. FirtJl (620 ft. ; AdUr, TBry fair, K. 1-1 '/a, D. I'/a •*). **»•! 
1400 Inhab., 41/s M. by road from Llndenfela (p. 260) viS JTrum- 
batih (two-horaa carriage 6 JT), and about 3 M. by die footpath 
(white and green marks). 

Paths iBcend " -.' . 

FUrth (green way , _. ._ ,. , .-, .- _. 

[1860 n.), whlcb commudi an eitenalva rlew (belTedare on tba tap; 1 

at the /n» lur BcSBntn AuiticM)- We -"- ' '" "- " 

•evenl hovels, and al the point where 
descend lo the rlgbt to Oadffn. Uenea 
valley lo Waldmieluaailt {see ibove). 

mz Route 31. REIGHELSHEIM. Odauetitd. 

\>. Bmateni Portion. 

¥bom FiAMiFoii TO Ebibbich, 66 jr., In ai/r^/. bra. (fuel 8 JT GO, 

e ^ F«, a ^ 80 pf.). - Fsok DxBHSTADT TU WlSBSLSBlGH, IT'^ V., In 1 hr. 

Cr>re> 2 Jl 30, ljno,i ^ 20pf.); >t WiabelBbtch the two Unu unite. 
Frankfort, sea p. 221 ; departore tiom the E. aWtion, — 3 M. 
MatakuT. About 2 M. to the N., on the hill, is Bcrpm [Zui SchSnen 
Anstichl, a gudeD-cestauiuit), a tsvouiite resort oC the FrankCoiters. 
Tbe Bergener Warti is > good point of view; to the right, on the 
other side of the Main, are the lillage and chiteau of Sumpenhtim. 

— GM. Bodittadt-Dorniehtim ; 9M. Wilkclmabad,. taoiiiai favourite 
lasort of the Fiankforters. 

10 M. Banau, W. Btacion^ 11 M. fianau, E. ststlou [•BasUu- 
ranl), the junotion for the eipreas-tnins from Frankfort and Stutt- 
gart to Berlin. Hanan fAdler, R. 2-4 Jl; BUse), situated near the 
eonflnenoe of the Kiraig and the Uain, is a pleaaani'looking town 
with 30,000 inhab. and flourishing manofactures of trinkets and 
tobacco. In the Neustidter MaTktplatz is anonuroentto the brothers 
Grtinin, who were born here (1786 and 1786). On the Main lies the 
ebateaa of PhitippirtAt, belonging to the Landgiare of Hesse. 

TheOdenwald railway now tarns to the S. and crosses tbe Mala. 

— 1 3 M. ffitm-Awfteim; 1 4 M. Hainstodi. — 17 M, SeHjCTulodl, a small 
town with 4000 inhab., owes its name to a celebrated Benedictine 
abbey foonded about S2fl by Eginhard, the biographer of Charle- 
magne. The church has been entirely modernised in appearance, and 
few traces of the original building ha«a been left. 

23'/; M. Babfnhauitn , the Jonotlon of the Darmstadt and 
Aschaffenburg railway. The Protestant church, an edifice in the 
Transition style with a late-Gothic cboir and aisle, contsloa some 
interesting monnments of the Oounte of Hsnau and a late-Oothtc 
carved altar of 1518. — - 26 M. Langstadt; 28 M. KUin-Vmttadti 
30 M. OrOBB-Vmitadt; 33 M. Witbelibach-Baibach (p. 263). 

Darmstadt, see p. 251. Beyond (5 M.) Roienhohe [p. 264) thfi 
line traverses extensive woods. — g'/s M. fiieder-SamBtadt- TraUa. 
We skirt the little Modau. _7VsM. Obtr-Rtamtadt (Wiener's Inn, 
R. i% B. l/j, D. 1 Jl; to Brandan, 8eep.2&9); lOM. Zdlhard. — 
12V2M. Riinfcefm (628 ft. ; DarmalSdter Hof), an old town with 
]900inhab., on the Gersprent, is the junction for OjfenJacft (p. 260; 
231/2 M-, In 2-2Va h") and for ReichelBhelm. 

1 ^ 10, 75 pr.). The Una toUows (be batj atnprtni-TAal. — l>/i U. 
Oreu-BiOiratt [PoBl), with IBOO inhab.. whenje iBTEral tootpalhj lead ria 

la tbB station for n-atMich-Onmiach (Horr lum Rodenjtein), a mariel- 
lowo >/, M. to the S.W., with a ehalean. To Ihe fl.E. ot Hieder-Kalaa- 
iMKb, Dvecloekiog the kidiubathir-Tial, ii tho (IVi ■.) rnloed eaitle ot 
Se^ntllerU (p. 283). — li M. SeiohaUhe™ (TM ft. ; Bnfel. vary fair; AdUr). a 
prettUf-aituated village, CDrnminded b; the niin or Reiehinberf (lOTS It.). 
In ■ aeqneBleFed bill; and wooded ragioD, >/, hr. tn Ibe N.W. ol 'his point, 
iaes the rolned caalle of HodnnKin, from which, according to tha popnlar 

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lo breik out, lli« ' 

-0 Ibe culle of ScbL „ „. 

Ij (p. 280), G H. (diUfcnce dill;). 

ISVa M. Ltngftld (660 ft^ Eione). At the top of the Olxbtrg 
C1206 ft. ; 10 mln.], ronnd which lies the little town of Bering, 
is the old CBBtle of that nsme, with « masaise tower (eitonsive view). 

ITV; M. Wiebeisbaeh-Htubaeh, where the line unilea with that 
from Frankfort (p, 262). 

367j U. (fiomFraDbfort) HoBlut (520 ft. ; Pott, very fair; Bur? 
Brcubtrg\ ■ town nith 1900 inhab., lies in the valley of the MUm- 
iins, which the tiain now ascends to Erbaeh. 

About 2i/i H. lower down the pleuut Humline-Thil (dilLeence twice 
1 daT) lies IftuitadI tZom Ocbaen, D. 1, pens. 3 Jl), ibO'e which rises Ibe 
Impoalng, partly ruloed caatle of Bnuter) (1000 fl.^ restanranl). - A 
marked path leadi from Neiutadt to (2Vi bts.) VDrlA. 

38 M. Mumiin?-Gfum6(wft; lOl/aM. Konigi il'/g M. Zeli-Kirch- 
brombMh. The lalley contracts. To the right, farther on, is SdUou 
Firtlatm, partly bnilt before 1270, with tonr towers and a shady 
park, which has been the seat of the Counts of Erbach-Filrstenau 
since the 14th oentuiy. To the W., at the beginning of the village 
of Sttinbach, are the remains of an intereattng convent -ohnrch, 
founded by Eginhard (p. 364) in 827. The nave, the apse, the 
smaller apse ot the K. transept, and part of the crypt are preserred. 
It lies abont B/4 M. from the ct&tion of Hichel^tadt. 

45 M. ][lo1iel«taLdt(8Baft.i *BSUl Frttdrieh , R. 1V«-^. B. ^4, 
pena. from i Jl; Alt- liattieheT Eof ; FarltttVIUtr Bof), a town with 
3200 inhab., mentioned in history as early as 741, lies in one ot 
the prettiest parts of the MSmling-Thal. The late-Gothic Pariih 
Church contains some good monnments of the Oovnts of Erbaeh. 
The Bathhaut (1184) and some other buildings are interestli^ ex- 
amples ot timber- architecture. The Market Fountain dates from 
1541. A few relics of the old fortifications still eiist. Near the 
town and the station Is Dr. SehaTftj^trg'i Bydropatftir Eatahliihmcnl 
(R. 6-25, pens. 30-60 JH per week). 

From Micbelatadt a road ascends to tbe E., paaaing Dor/ Erbaeh and 
IIV1 U.) Coanl Erbach's gbnoting-box Eulbach. with iU fine desr-park, to 
nViK.J AmBibach(!U6Bn.; Badiirhir Bof, fair; Poll), a lawn wllh2300in- 
hab. , tbe JuDclioD of rallwars to Aicbaffenburg and to Walldurn and 
Incistl. Amorliach ii the residence ot Prince Leiningtn, and conlaiDa a 
suppressed Benedictine abbey, the cbarch ot which (low Prot.) hat two 
Komaneique towers and a nave lebnllt in the 18th century. In the cDnvent 
building Ig a nne rococo library ball. In the neishbourhood are several 
Soman cunps, — From Amorhach a diUeence runs daily to (131l.> K^- 
bach (p, 26i), via ErmUhai (Prim Emit, R. from 2, pens. 5 JS), i'/i M, 

(iVi hr.) Ibe WUiaiburg (or WUdtmftU). one of Ihc moal imporlant ruins 

laken from Kallbacb ot Ernsttbal vi& Edvaritlhal , RnantiKh, MUlbea. 
Kaititibach, and the Kattta1»ickti (n ^1) lo Bberbacb (p. Z7i). 

BaoB AHOBBaOH TO Mij,TBNBBBU, W/t M., railway in Vi *"■ - f*/' ■- 
H-aJiM* (Eniel). 

264 fioufe ai. . ERBACH. 

fii/i H. lUltenbnf Owd; Riue), ft bna; lilUa toHn wllh SfiOO Inbab., 

stooe, whicli w?ie koDwo lo iliT^omBai, Th« old Chdteau of th« Electors 
of Kafeace, bailt in lbs l&th cenl. and destroyed by Albert Qf Branden- 
borg in IKS, liai been recenll; reslored, and caataini a Sue collection of 
sntiquitiee and objects of art (Tisiton admitted)^ it command^ an ad- 

the 'Eiese' Inn) and gale-lnwera, — Opposite Millenberglies Ibe Francijcan 
monseisr; of BnueJi*B-p, moilier good point of view. In ibe woods, lo 
tb« W. of UilienbcFg, am the so-called Bamm-Sdulm ('colDmcs of Ibe 
Hniu'). twelve gigantic columna of ajBoite., the Temains of ■ qnsrr; of 
the Roman peiiod, wblch appeare to b&re be^n suddeal; abandoDed. — 
From KIltenbCTg to (3SVi "•) AKAafaOnirf, see Baidita-'i SctiUern Oermaiv. 

i7 M. Erljwh (815 ft ; *Schmtenhof, B. & B. 3-2Vi, D. 2, peDi. 
4-5 Jt; Odenieald, R. & B. 21/4, pens. S'/a-* Jl, 'ery fsii; Adler, 
anpceiendiDg}, a town with 2600 inhab., situated tn the Mumllng- 
Ttial, U the principal place in the domlnlonB of Count Erbach. The 
Sehlcie, rebuilt in the Renaisaanoe style in the 16th cent, on the 
Bite of ■ »ety ancient castle, and partly restored in the fSth cent., 
contains an interesting collection ol aimoar, old fiie-aims, Tsloable 
stained glass of the 13-lTtlt cent., Etiuscan vases, and other anti- 
quities (not always Open ; catalogae 50 pf,). In the court is a statue 
of Count Frantuon£rfra«h(d. 1823), the fonnder of the collections. 
In the chapel is a stone Sarcapfioffui of the 13th or 14th cent, which 
once held the remaiDB of Eginhatd (p. 263) and his wife Emma, 
brooght bom the cbnich of Seligenstadt in 1810 (fee 75 pf.V 

The train now crosses the Miimling and giadnally ascends tbe 
E. side of the lalley, high aboTe the rlTer. Near (51Vt M.) Httt- 
bach-Bttrfetden it traTerses tlie BbnbSehel Viaduct, k25 ft. long 
and 145 ft. high. The line penetrates the KraUstrg by a tunnel 
2 M. long and follows the winding course of the 7tter. 56 H. 
SchoUmfmeh; 58 M. Kailbach (p. 263); 611/: M. OaimahU (to the 
Katzenbuckel IV4 hr., see p. 274). — 66 H. E^erbach, see p. 274. 

32. Heidelberg and the Valley of the Neckar. 

The Bailwa; Statinn [365 ft. ; XalaaraiU, D. 3 ^) is on the W. side 
of the town. The qultk trains atone have throngb-earriages. The Neckar- 
Thal Kne has a second station at the Carlithor! see p. 273. 

Hoteia. A'cor Ok aiation : -HStel db l'Eoiofs (PI. a). In the Leopold-Str., 
with lid and earden, K. 1-6, B. li/„ D. at 1 p.m. i. pens. 9</i-12 Jt; 
-i3k<nd-HAtel IPl.e), Bohrbacher Str. 11, also with garden, tt. from S M, 
B. I .* 30 pt., D. aifc pens, from 71/, Jl ; -Scbiubdb« (PI. bj, at the slalion, 
R, Vk-b, B. H/t, D. iifi. pens, from TJI;Siiamik ffl' 0. 'o '»« LeopoH- 
Slr., wiih veranda, R. from 3, B. IV., D. SWnra^rom 8 j|!; MMhopoli, 
Anlaee22, E. from 3, B. 1'/., D, 2Vri, pens, from 8^, new; 'HaT.-Piss. 
Liso (PL 1), IU*[bachet-61r. 13, near the italioo, R. 4Vrl, B. 1, D. 2'/., 
pens.B-8 Jl; DiamriDTBtt Hoi-(Pl. H, near the station, very fair, k ai/.-B, 
B, i, D, 2Vs, pens, from hV, Jt. — HKiDKLBiBQKa Hop, Wrede-Plats, 
with resUoranti B.tjuscmbb Hop (PI. h). pear the stalioni Eiioawosi, 

.S'/i-i, B. 1, D.lVi-a'/iJ*, very fair; HflT. Har«« « 

4nlWBS4 39 

mirkl (p. 2AS), an oU-eitablishi 

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20pf., D. 37,, pens. T-10^; Adub (PI. d), alio In tbe Koniinukt, 
alsurlnl. — HfliBt lUM aiTTKK (PI. k ; p. 287), ». S-3, B. I, D, 2>h -M, 
■ ~ Bdf, Hanpt.StT. lis, B. 1V?-S^, B. TOpf. — 

•rfc6t.plMe, good wine frum the uak; P 

DisoHia Ho», br the old bridee, E. {iU 

, . .:.,- Lr;_: _,__._- L_.:._, ..fWri'A, 

i/i •«, botb plalD. — PtBEio , Haupt-Str. TO, bdlel garni, K. li/l-^>/i JV. 
On ihiB-n, btiiii the Cailii: °Schi.o9s HStel (p. 771), cammuiding a 

bd'ond^B " tb^a™°o™^n*,'B.'M jT, B?'| ^"sO pf. , D. l|''™Sl 
]'/. .J7'Sohlo.8p.ek HaTBL Ji Pbhsioh, W olf ibmnnen weg 13, a UUIe 
higber up, R. 3-1, B. 1, D. 3, pen». 7-B Jl. — -KDaLEof (p. 272), nacbcd 
from lb* itoHon b, enb io H/. hr, (10 Jl}. 

Paoilsu. -i-nifm Jnpla<» f JCdj AbraAam.), Anlaee 19 (pens. 1-6 Jf); 
'Fnu- JnltraaUnali (Mr: Beffmm\ Anlage 10 (1-7 UOl deVfliKcttr, cor. 
of lbs PloclL.Blr. BDd TbtaUi-6tr. (l-l'^ ^)i Flcra, AnUge 31 (14J JH; 
a»££, ScJilUrbaeb Road 91 (f/i.e'/t J») i iordWior, Ban pt- Sir. 218 (i-G^; 
QuMrau, Blnisen-Str. T, at IleueDheim ( Jf). 

SotanraiiU. •Ptrltn, D. from 1'/, Jl (ronm* lo l«t, lee aboT*)i 
Blfldli$clu Saaliau, in a new bnlldlng on tbe Neckar; Sodtailtina; Sand- 
fmt; SladlgarUn, in the Anlage (coocerta In the eTenln^i comp, p. S6b)i 
Laxluf, Haupt-Str. 21. — •SrAirnuri' £imcA<«i Rotmt, Baapt.gtr. 71. — 
Opaa-air Baatanranta. Becnurmt, in tbe aev Bchloas-riti., beaide Ibe eible- 
railwari •BMtti-Bulaurimi (p, 3J1), D. 3-3 JT; BcMff, beyond the new 
bridge: ffnWiom, above the old bridge (R. I'/r-a, B. '/i JO. 

Oafia. Cafi In^rial, Wrede-Platsj HMirllin, Leopoli-Stt., both in 
the Aolaga (p. 366); Ca/i Wathltr, in tbaJUrkt, frequenlari \.^ BludenU. 

Oaba. (All with tno boiaei.) For a drivs wiltaln tbe Ioth, or berond 
the bridgu to Senenbeijn : 1 pe™. 60, 2 pera. 80, 3 pare. 1 J 6, 1 pars. 
1^20 pf.; belweiui 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. (»-7 in winter) donble faresi each 
bea>7 bDi 20 pf. — Bi lime: par boiu 2 JT, 3 Jl 20, or 2 jeOpf.: each 
addil. 1/t hr., GO or es pf. — To tbe Caillt (diiecl) 1-1 neia. 3 Jl, thare 
and back 1 >.- &M<>u.HtUl S ^ 30 pf., tbara and back 1 Jt: Caillt and 
JTallnuur G, there and back 6 Jli Cailte, Metttacvr. and WoViirunnen 
7 or 8 Jl: Catlli, MolkBuur , and Koatgiluhl, 12 or 11 Jl; Kohthof, 
10 or 12 jf. 

Bleotrio Tramway from the principal slatioa by the Haupt-Slraaae aad 
Kommarkt Islatton of Ibe caatle-railwaj) 10 the Catlalhor lUtton (p. 268); 
branch-Unu to tbe Bar§belDier-8tnine and to tba Cemetery (p. 378). 

Cable Kailwar F --- 

(ttation 7B Tda from Ihe entranc 
(fare to the Scblois SUtion 3D, I 

Poat and lalatraph Ofnea (PI. 9), oppoiita Ibe station. 

Reading Ream, with Engllsb newspapers, at O. PeOtr'i, Leupold-Str. S. 

Bi«U.b Obunh, Plock-Slrasae 18 (SCO leats); lerricei al B a.m.. 11.90 
a.m.. and [).SOp.m. Cbaplain, Rii. Frantii BlaUr, M. A„ Babrbacber-Str.31. 

Ptlnsipal AttmtJmia Qjt day). We proceed from the rail, atalion 
tbrongb Ihe LeopoM-Slr. lo Bl. FiHr^i and by Ihe Bcblnes-Slr. to Ihe Ca>H< 
dVibr.). Or we may Cake the tramway to the EOFomarkt and the eable- 

neil walk f» min.) or ' ~' 

deicend tIK Ihe Komm 
ITeetar Bridgi, and foil 

266 Routt 3^. EEIDELBERQ. Anlaft. 

Hetdtlberg, with lO.^OO inhsb. (15,000 Sam. Caih.), is Eitn&led 
on the Ntdtar, at the point where tlist river debouches froia the 
OdeniTsld Id the pUio of the Rhine Few towns can vie with it in 
the beautf of its enrirons uad its historioal interest. Oonnd of 
'Hohenstaafen, who bec&me CoOnt Palatine of the Rhine in 1155, 
Bsleoted the old castle of Heidelberg i,e hts principal residence, and 
under blm and his aacee»aais the insign^cant little place soen 
beoame a tovn of considerable importance. It contlnaed to be tbe 
capital of the Palatinate for nearly flie centuries, until the Elector 
Charles Philip in 1T21, owing to eccleslastioal differeuDes with tbe 
Protestant citizens, transferred his seat (a Mannheim. Since 1602 
Heidelberg has belonged to the giand-ducbf of Baden. 

The old town of Heidelberg is squeezed .in between tbe castle- 
falli and the Neckar, and oonsists mainly of tbe so-called Haupt- 
Strasae, a street abont I'/i U. long. The never residential quarters 
are built on the W, slope of the Geisberg sod In the valley, partly 
In the district of Bcrghtim, which, like Nenenheim (p. 273), dates 
back to the Boman period. In this quarter are the Ralivray Station 
and the Foil # Telteraph Office (PI. 9), opposite each other. On the 
river are several lUedieal Irutitutti and the Botanital Oardtn of the 
University, and lower down the river are factories. 

From the Railway Station we may approach the Haupt-Struse 
via the Bismarck Sonten (with a marble bnst of tbe Chancellor by 
Donndorf),whlcheitends to the new bridge (p. 372); or we may torn 
to the right aud follow the LBOFOLD-STRAaaB, with the Ani^ob, or 
public promenade, which runs along the 8. side of the old town all 
the way to the castle. In front of the Victoria Hotel is a fountain 
with a hurt of the local poet K. 0. NadUr (d. 1849). Near the centra 
of the Anlage, and near the CAcmiooI Laboratory (PL 1). is a Statue 
of the Bavariim Field Marshal Prmte Carl von Wrede (PI. 2 ; 1T6T- 
1^8) by Bnigger, erected in 1860 by Lewis I,, King of Bavaria. 

Near the E. end of the Anlage, on the left, la the Protestant 
ChOTOh of Bt. FetM (PI. 3), built at the end of the 15th cent. 
and restored in 1673, with a flue open-woik Gothic tower and eevetal 
monuments. — Opposite, on the other side of the railway, is the 
KUngenthoT (see p. 272], near which is a bnst of Karl Melt (d. 1877), 
founder of the Qennan volunteer flre-brigade system. From thin 
point the street known as the 'Schloiaberg' asceuds to the entrance 
of the SohlosB'Garteu at the EUsabeth-Pforte (see pp. 268, 269). 

Tnming to the left at tbe oholr of St. Peter's Church, we reach 
the Luowiob-Plati. with the nniveriity BuUding$ (Pi. 4), erected 
In 1711-16. An E^UMlrion Statue of Emperor William I., by 
Donndoif, waa unveiled here in 1901. 

The OnlTBTiitr (in winter abont 1200, In summer 1600 stud.), 
tbe famous Sitperto-Carola, the orodle of science in S. Genosny, 
and after the nnivereittes of Prague and Vienna the eldest In Ger- 

Vnivtrtity. HEIDELBBRQ. 32. BouU. 267 

Disny, wM {ounded in 1386 ty Elector Rupert 1. Its period of 
greatest prOBperity iris in the Utter half of the 16th, and the be- 
ginning of the ITthceat., when, vndei Electors Otho Henry, Fred- 
erick III., iDd'Fiededck IT., It was the centre of 'Humaniem', 
and the chief Refoimed leat of learning in Germany. Dnring the 
stormy ttmes of the Thirty Years' War and the devastation of the 
Rhenish FaUtinste by the French it anrvived with difflenlty. It 
is indebted for its modern development to Charles Frederick of 
Baden, who in 1804 provided it with eminent professora and scien- 
tific cDlleotlona. The anla was restored la 188B, the fiTe-handredUi 
enoiveraaryofthe foondationof the nniverBity{apply to the Janitor). 
The Uirart, In i gspante building (Angaalliiei^aeae Ifi), conulni 
tOO.OOO vols. , aOOOUSS.. »ad lEOO uelest docomentB. II is npeii 10-13 
on Hon. , Tnel., Thnra., £ Frid. , and 2-i on Wed. & Sal. (friim Hay in 
Aaenit, S-5). Scarce); one-tbird nf Ibe M9S. In tbe famoaB Bibliolheca 

mlllan of Ba.aria after tbe cuplnre uf Heidelbarg by MlJ, have been re- 
Inrned. (Thirtj-eiebt were refllored in 1814, nnd eight hundred and tbirly- 

MSS. (many with mini&tnrH, Including the 'Hanesse- XinneeiiDeerMS. oC 

are ^hibited m" tb'e " oondnoor, to^euAi"^" g" ntii"n ^V^S-i 
(summer, 3-5l, on other week-days for BO pt. 03 pf- tor each member of 

Tha Mtuttim (Pl-'6), also in the Lndwlgs-Platz , ooonples the 
old Stadtiitht Saalbcnt (comp- p. 265), which is about to give place 
to new nnlversity buildings. The third floor contains the Exhibition 
Of the AH Union (adm. on Sun- & Wed. 11-1, 20 pf.). 

The Jeniilen-£IreA< (PI. ?], dating &om the beginning of the 
13th cent., was decorated with polychrome omaioentation in 1873. 

In the Mabkii' Place (380 a) rises the Qothic HeiliK-Qeiat- 
klTOha (PI. 8i sacristan, Apothekergasse 16), erected at the begin- 
ning of tbe l&th cent, nnder Coont Palatine Rapert III. In 1705 the 
nave was separated from the choir b; a wall, in order that the Roman 
Catholics might worship in the latter (now used by the 'Old Catho- 
lics'), while the Protestants retained the nave. The choir contains 
the tomb of King Rupert (see p. 268) and bis wife Elizabeth, sister 
of the fttst Elector of Brandenburg. — Opposite the church, to 
the 8., is the mttl «im Rlttet (PI. k), erected in 1592 in the style 
of the Otto Helnrlchs-Bau (p. 269), almost the only honse which 
escaped destroction in 1693T — C^poslte the choir, on the E. side 
of the market-place, is tbe KulUous (1703). containing a new hall 
adorned with paiDtinge by Llndenschmit (1886)- — A tew paces to 
the ti., Til the Steingasse, is the old Nectar Bridge (p. 272). 

The last of the aide-streela to tbe right of the Market Place Is 
the ObtTbadgaaK, at the upper end of which begins the Sohloss- 
SmasBi; [p. 268], leading to tbe ca;tlc. — The station of the Cablb 
Kailwat to ihb Castlh (p. 266) is in the neighbouring ffornmariM, 
beside tbe 'Prim OarV Hotel. — Pkbbsieians cross the Kommarkt 
diagonally to the right, and ascend the BvsowBO, which leads in 


i1 mia. (long vaulted gaUnsT iieai the top) to the great balcony 
(f. 270). A [oatpBth diverges to the left from the Buigweg, leading 
along the Friesenbeig. — A founh route to the caatle is to take 
the tramway to tbaE. end of the town near the Curb- Ilor (built in 
1776-81), and thence aaceod the Frietmberg (to the right) dd foot, 
prooeeding at the top either to the left by the Karmeiiter-WlildGhen, 
or to the right along the castle-hill. 

The **Cutle (640 Ft.], situated on the 'Jettenbahl', a vooaed 
spur of the KSnigstuhl, may possibly have been founded by Conrad 
of Sohenttiaiftn (d. 1195; see p. 366), while its history can b« 
traced with certainty to the time of Count Palatbu Budolph I. 
(1294-1319). A more imposing building was erected by £ti]»rl i/i. 
(1398-1410), who waa elected Roman king at Rhene in 1400. The 
castle was then enlarged and strongly fortified by the electors Frtd- 
eriek I. 'the Victorious' (1449-76), and Letoi. V. (1508-44). The 
palatial parte of the edifice were afterwards erected by the electois 
of the 16th and ITtb cent., particularly Otko Henry (1656-59), 
Frederick IV. (1583-1610), and FrtderUdt V. (1610-21), King of 
Bohemia (husband of Elizabeth -^, daaghter of James I. ofEngUad). 
In 1622, when Heidelberg was taken by Tilly during the Thirty 
Years' War, the caatle escaped almost uainjaied. It wia aftewatda 
restored by CAortn L<ui> (1632-80). After the death of Ciarlu, the 
last Proiestwit Elector (in 1685), Louis XIV. preferred a claim to 
the Palatinate, and began the cruel and destroctiTe »ar which in- 
volved the Castle of Heidelberg and so many others In one common 
luln. On 24th Oct., 16B8, the town and castle capitulated to Count 
Milac, the French general, who spent the fellowing winter here. 
On the approach of the German armies, however, he determined to 
evacuate the place, and on 2nd March, 1689, he caused the whole 
of the fortifications to be blown up, the palace to be bnmed down, 
and part of the town to be set on fire. Those parts of the csElle and 
town which escaped the French on this occasion were destroyed by 
tham tour years afterwards. The Electors CharUiPhiiip (1716-42), 
and Charles Thtodort (1742-99) made some attempts to render the 
cistle once more habitable; bnt in 1764 It was struck by lightning 
and finally reduced to the ruluous condition In whlcli we see it at 
present. Farther decay Is prevented by careful preservation and 
(where necessary) restoration, and visitors may help this good oanse 
by Joining the Beidelherger Schloiivertin {s-zinnti subscription 3 .#). 

From the terminus of the funicular railway (p. 265), at the top 
of the SchlosB-Strasse (p, 267), we pass through the W. entrance of 
the Castle (comp. the Plan; guide superfluous) into the SoBXOSs- 
Gabtbn, laid out in 1806 on the ruing of the fortifications. The 
paths to the left, of which the second passes through the Elhabtth- 

f Her di 

c. Google 


CaitU. HEIDELBESa. 3S. Boutt. dOM 

Pforte, erected by FrederiEk V. Id 1616 to honour of bU ooueort 
(p. ^8), lead to the 5luEfe;ar(en, U) old hutioa, which, togethei vith 
tbe GomeT-tower, the so-called Diebe Tktirm, defended the caetle 
OD the V. Bide, A tablet bete eommemontes the visits of Goethe 
uid Marianne VlUemei ('Solelka') Id 18U and 1815. Between the 
Dieke Thutm and the Friedricheban (p. 270) is the pl&io EnglUcht 
Bau, or EUtahet^au, which wM also erected by Frederick T. 

We DOW CTOsa the Bridge orer the S. moat of the Castle, pass 
nnder the Great Watch Tourer, and enter the 'Sebloiiluif, or CMtle- 
yni, the focns of the whole stmctnre. Atmoat all the aichitectnial 
omamentatiOD of the castle wu lavlBhed on the Inner fafadea abat- 
tiog on the coart, aa the external walls seired chiefly foi pnrpoeea 
of defence. The iTiegolar grouping of the buildings repeals at once 
the lack ot any ayatematie plan In tbeir constmctton. This, however, 
la directly leEponalble for the pictnieaqnenees of the general effect, 
which ie farther enhanced by the clinging Ivy and the verdant trees. 
The two most Interesting buildings aie the OttO'Helnrtchs'Ban, on 
the E., and the Frledrichs-Ban, on the M., both constructed of red 
Neokai eandstone, with scolptntes and details In yellovlsb sand- 
stone from Hellbroun. 

The •Otlo-Heinricfti-Bou, erected in 1656, the finest example 
of the Qerman early-Renaissance style, rises in three stories, partly 
of the Ionic and partly of the Godntblan order, with a snong em- 
phasiB on the horizontal lines. The lower story, with the Kaisersaal 
to the left and the Elector's Rooms to the right. Is of considerable 
elevatton. It Is at present fitted up for the exhibition mentioned at 
p. 271. rheCwo upper stories, the first containing the large dlnlng- 
hall, are each not more than half ae blgh. The top ends tn two small 
gables. The whole faf ade Is richly adorned with beantiful scolptnres, 
all recently restored. The cornice of the *Fortal, to which a double 
flight of steps asoends, la supported by Caryatides. Above it is the 
bust of the founder, the Elector Otho Henry, with armorial hearings 
and inscription. In the niches of the facade are a number of statues, 
all having a symbolical meaning after the fashion of the Benaisaanee. 
In the four lower niches are Joshua, Samson, Hercules, and David, 
the representativee of force and courage, the foandations on which 
a princely house rests; in the middle niches, allegorical flgurea 
of Strength, Justice, Faith, Charity, and Hope, the virtues whtch 
adorn a princely family ; in the upper niches, Saturn, Hars, Venus, 
Mercury, Diana, Apollo, and Jupiter, or the seven gods of the 
planets, symbolising the higher powers, who rule the destinies of 
all. In the window-arches are medallion-heads of eminent men 
of antiquity. The plastic ornamentation of this beautiful bailding 
was executed first under the superintendence of Matter Antant, of 
whom we know nothing fuithei, and afterwards l^from 1558 on) by 
AUxamUr Colin of Malioes (b. 1536), who, however, went to Inns- 
brack In 1562 to work on the Monument of Emp. Maximilian. 

270 Routt 32. HEIDKLBERO. Cattlt. 

The 'F'riedTieht-Baa, erected in 1601-7 from Jok. Sdtodi't 
deelgDt and leeWred in 1898, ts an impMin; bailding In th»IUe- 
RentisBuice style, uid consisCs of foui sCories (Doric, Tunao, lonta, 
■nd Coiintliiui). In ornamentation it is Inteiloc to the Olto- 
Helndohs-Bau, which it perhaps surpasses in attaotaial ptDdeat. 
In the niches are 16 statues of Charlemagne, Otho of Wittelsbaeh, 
and the GoaDts Palatioe do-vn tu Frederick. IV. These ate replicas 
of tha admirable ori^als eiecatad by Sebiutian OaU of Coiic. — 
Between the Otto- Hetnrlchs- Ban and the Priedrichs-Ban Is the 
Otdieme Saaibau or fieae Hof, erected In lUO, and shoving a 
quaint mixture of Gothic and Renalasanee form*. 

ATauIted])a9eage(atPl. K) leads under the Fitediicba-Bau (alL« 
'Bateong, aonatructad in 1610, which oommindi a beautlfal view 
(the back of the Friedrichs-Ban is here seen to advantage]. The toot' 
path (Bwytceg; p. 267] to the town begins at the base of this 

Adjoining the Friedrichs-Bau on tha left is the BD-oiUedBmul- 
haru or Sonigi-Saal, eieoted by Lewis T. for the ladies of the court, 
but afterwards altered. Farther baok is the Library or Amhivtt, 
usually called the AUe Bau, and farther on the BaprccMi-Bau, a 
simple Gothic structure erected by Rupert III., the upper part re- 
built by Lewis Y. The imperial eagle with the arms of the Palati- 
nate recall tbe electiou of Rupert to the sceptre of the Roman 
kingdom. Over the entrance is a garland of S^e roses borne by two 
angels; the half-open pair of eompssses is a sign that tha building 
Is commended to the care of the Holy Virgin. 

Opposite is a covered WM, with four columns of syenite (from 
theFelsbeig, p. 358J, which onee adorned the psUee of Charlemagne 
It Ingelbeim, and were brought here by Count Palatine Lewis Y 

AdjaccDl 1> the otStt la which tickett arc luued for admieaioo lo tbe 
IntsrioT and the CoUictim o/AatlJuUiti: charge. 1 perB. 1, 2 pert. i'/iJI, 
S or man pen. GO c. each: for the 'Oieat Ton' aloDB. 30, SO, and lU pf.; 
for ths Collection of Anliquities lOpf. each (extra). 

Vliitora are Brat coaducted to the grouDdBoor of (he KnFBicuTB-Biu 
IBKB ahnve). nrheFR Ou, nrlnnal iculplures of the Ollo-Beisrlcbi-Bau and the 
id ; on th« aitt floor it a Boa BaoaiHanca chSm- 

capible of holding 49,000 gallons. The present tan wbs conitmcUid In ITSl 

which was erected In 1591 by the Count Palatiia Cuimlr, Iha lecond by 
the Elector Charles Lewis in 1962, and tho third by Charles Philip In 1726. 
By Ihe tnn ilauds a grotejqno wnoden flgnre of Porkeo, court-Jeilor of 
Elector Charles Philip. Another large Inn baari hnmoroos InjtrlptionB. 
We next croie the conrl lo the Otto-Hi ikuchb-Biu [p. 289l Kaiaersaal), 
and Uicn pass la the left Inlo the OUaEiNi SAaLsin [see aboTe). Jln^ly, 


w from the platronn), and the Afotbekh-Tbukh. We return Ihroi 

CiuUe. HSlDSLBERa. 3S. £ 

Tlis iDlereitiDg OollaetioD of Art ud Antiiuitiu Udm. , 
Mtaloeue 80 pt), iiraneed in the lower atorj or Ihe 011o-Hc.ur«iu6-D.B, 
wu rouDded hj Gotmt Charia dt Oralmitrg (d. 1361) and uquired b; Iba 
town of Heidelbe^ in lOTB. — Room I. Views of Heidelb(i« by Stt. 
iraniler (1^21), M. Mirian (ISSO), Baammm (1799-1^, aod FtrA» (1313). 
Views of IhB eaatle b7 Oirich Kratu C1683). Portr»ita of eleclora, Heidsl- 
beig profegiors, ud ottier wortliiee. Bemioliceicea of Sand uid Kotubnei 
dutb-muk of ViclUF ScbeffBl. FrwliBiilbal poiveUin (p. 281), ~ RooH II. 
Porlraili of priaces, Kenijsawice cbimnej-piece. Frantenlliiil porcelain. 

n in. 

iHtle (lk)l), p( 

(No. 1090). Letters oFHnUnchllion (1931), Tilly, etc. Lntber'sbelratbAl-ring. 

Tbe ScJiioHkirAi , belov the Friednchs>Ba,u, coDtwut ■ collection of 
Blone monuments from Heidelberg and the neiehbourhood CcJosed it pteseni). 

We leave the court by the Great TPatfh Tower, erosa the moat 
[p. 269), irnd tnrn to the left In t&e garden. The 'G«prens(« Tftuim' 
^blowD-up tower), or Pvlvtr Tburm, at the S.E. angle ol tbe castle, 
iD the fosae to the left of tbe exit from tbe court, is of misoniy go 
solid that, when the French blew it up in 1693, one-half became 
detached and fell in an aubroken mua into the moat, where it etill 
remains. The tower ia 93 tt. in diameter, the walls 21 ft. thick; 
beneath it arei long caeemated passages. It was neat this spot that 
Hatthison composed bis fine 'Elegie In den Buinen eines alten 
BereaehlOBies' , an Imitation of Gray's famons 'Elegy In ■ Country 
Chnichyard'. — A few paces farther on Is the ScWoii-Rejlauranl 
(p. 265), where a band plays in the afternoon. 

The *6n(d Terrace to tbeM.E., constructed In 1613, commands 
beautiful Tiewa of tbe castle itself and of the town. A 'Statue of 
Victor von Sebeffel was erected here in 1891. — The plantation of 
coniferaj on the Friamberg (p, 368), below the terrace, contains 

Behind the terr«e it the ScUmi-BSM (p. 266; TM fl.), and ■ little 
bighOT ap U Ih* mui Baitnie (p. 36G)-, fine liew from the terrace. 

About li/i M. farther to the E, is the Wolfabnuman (S90 ft.; Swmb- 

— " '- :• -• jf Frederick V. and his wife EHsahetb, and 

■ " ■■ ■ «t HeldeiberB 

s ban killed 

serin of pleasant riews, to (H^ ».) AAlfsrtaet [p. ItSI, and cross the 
Heekar to l^ltpsUawtn (p. 273), where boale are alwayg ready to take 
walkore back to Heidelbere br the river. 

The BonTB to rag Molkbhodk (20 min.; flngei-poste; railway 
in 3 min., see p. 265) ascends the steps opposite the Geaprengte 
Thnim, passes through a small gate, and reaches tbe road which 
paasei at tbe back of the castle (^finger-post). We may now either 
ascend hy the road or by the zigzag footpath. If we follow the latter, 
we may after a few mlnates either diieige by tbe 'Friesenweg' to 
the right, or continue to follow the ligzag path. (Severalflnger-poats.) 

The *KolkNuac (995 ft. above the sea-level ; 31S tt. above the 
castle) is a restaurant which commands an admirable view, and 
is tbe only polntifcom wbleh the castle is seen from abote. 

A r«« luds from bsklod the Molkencsr to ths S.. ud iflsr ■ few 
ftrds ruchu k point where [onr roada meet (floeiir-poal). Tbst on the 
leR dsBcendi to tbe Schloag; the next ucendi to the WnUsbroimeD 
p. 3T1) and (20 mln.) the •Btmaret-B/t^ (lUbn.; Tiew-lo»er)i the one 
Btnight on ucends to the Eonlgfttdhl (lae beJowj, wbile that to the rl^ht 
deicendl to Heidelbei^, which Itm&ches Hi the KlingtntAur (p. 266). From 
the Ual, «fter '/i K.. ■ rosd OSpojerershof-WeeT diTergei to the lett sAd 
Hceodi in 6 min. to ■ aeneh, eomnundlng sn eieellent Tiew of the ojper 
pirl of the town and of the SoIilDU. A few puea thrther on ti tbe Kulel 
Cpulpitl, » Bmsll projettiag pletfoTm, with t puapet, BEbrdinf b enrrej 
of Hedd-elWgBnd the pl&in. The Bondal (800 ft,), niched heDceln&mln., 
sn open «p»co in front of > coTered Hat, li also » eharmlng poiat of flew. 
F»m the Kondel a broad path (Indicated br a (Dlde-poit 'Bach dem Bahn- 
hof) lead! by tbe 'Sleben-LtDdEn' and the WolbhShle to Heidelberg, 
emerging al the Vlcloria Hotel (p. 2611 PI- 0, 6), — Immcdialflly be.ond 
the Roniel li a footpath Mcending to the top of tbe (30 mtn.) -Oalafaart 
(1230 ft.), the tower on which commandB one of tbe flneit views sear 
Heidelberg. — About 1 H, frain tbe Oeiiberg It tbe SpeteririiB/ (889 ft.; 
' — "■ urite point for a walk, Tbenco to tbe Heidelberg 

t. in h^gbt, comnuudi a moet extentWe liBw of tbe Bhine, 
lid, Haardt Utt., Taonns, and the Blaofc Forest as far u the 
at Badaa. — About 1 H. to tbe S. of tbe KSoIittnbl, 
nilT ObBervatory, li the Kohlhof (1680 ft. i ^Baltl, 
" 1-6, B, 1, D. 3, pesB. ■" " 

with iOObeds, b«thj,eleottloUgbl, el... _ .. _, . . ,___ . 

Iwl (laSOrt.), Tmlu. to tbe B.W., commands a good Tlew. 

Tbe Old Sridge over tbe Neckai, conatruoted by Kleotor CharlM 
Theodoie in 1786-88, is embellished with atatues of the Elector &nd 
of Mineiva. About 1300 yds. lowei down ii the haDdeoma *Haw 
Bridge, erected in 1877. Both bridges command beandful views. 
The Tillage of Neua^lm (Schiff, with guden), on the right bank, 
with many new vlllu, now forms put of Heidelberg. — Steun 
Tramway to Wtit^im, vii H&ndBohnohBheiin, see p. 257. 

Od the right bank of the Neekar is the Fhlloiophenweg , a 
beautiful walk eitendlng 2 M. along tbe alope of the Heiligenbtrg, 
cble fly through vineyards, and commanding splendid views of the 
town, castle, villay, plain of the Rhine with the cathedral of Speyer, 
and the picturesiioe outlines of tbe S. Haardt Mts. A very pleasant 
walk of about 1 hr. may be taken by ascending the first road to the 
right beyoDd Neoenhelm, near the new bridge, traversing the Phl- 
loaophenweg, and then descending throngh the small lateral valley 
of the Hiriehgaiu, past tbe well-known students' tavern and dnel- 
ling-place of that name, to the Neckar. 

Those who have time should not fail to ascend from the Pbilo- 
sophenweg (beyond the quarry to the left) to tbe (% hr.) *Hailigen- 
berg, the anoient Mons Plti, an early-German sacriflclal station, 
afterwards consecrated to Heicniy. On the S. summit (1350 tt.) is > 
view-tower, commanding an admirable survey of Heidelberg, the 
Castle, the valley of the Neckar, and the Bergstrasse. Adjacent la 
the fitidenioeft, an old cistern. On the N. summit (146B ft.), lOmin. 
farther on, are the foundations of the Bomanesqne Abbty Chureii 

Nttkar Valley. NBCEAHSTEIKACH. 3?. BwU. 273 

of St. Michael, eetaltlUhed libovt 880 and disCDTered In 1686. Both 
Bommlta are Bniroanded with doable liDg-wallB of the pieblstorlc 
era. We TetnTn to Heidelbei^ vli HandiclkQebslieim (see p. 268). 

The to»a »>cei(ding the il»et to Ziegelh»naen pasaes the rest»u- 
T*ntB Waldhom (p. 266) and Idcrath, vhich affoTd >n admirable 
vleir of tbe oaatle. — Farther on, I'/i M. fcoio the Old Bridge, la 
the conTent (secularized) of Naiburg (Stlftamuhle Kestantantl, 
Beyond It la the village of ZlepeJAaUKn (Adler, very fair, D. 11/2-2, 
pens. 4'5 Jl), a fsTourite Teaoit of the Heidelbergera. 

The Heidelberg Onuetery, on the ilope or tbe Qeliberg (p. 379), to 
the S, of tba »f|grt;-atatlon, nanUlna the loisba of QerrluDs (d. imi), 
'■ntscUl (d. IBBl), and other eminent proteMors. M (he 8. end la ■ 

The VftUaj of the N«el»r from Heidelberg to Veokarals. 

CWip. JTop, p. SS€. 

RuLwii TO VicuBiiz, 31<^ M., in I'/i-S bra.; fsrei IJI 10, 3 Jl 
I jf 80 pf. - Besides Ibe oriinary trains, (here are in sommer five i 
Sob. ten) local trains every day to Nrttariimini (fares lO'QO pf. j tick 
attained in the tralB), oalling at CartiOar, JagtrluKiM. SclUitrbath, t 

XemauOiacliir Btf (fine view). — When Ihc slate of the " ■- 

a frmBBOiT plies once or twice daily from Heidelberg 
(op 3 hri., down 1 hr.); farej 1 Jl, SO pf. On Frid. it go 

The train pasaes from the main lailway-Btatlon to (3 M.) tbe 
CorMAor Station (p. 364) by a long tunnel imdet tbe ea$tle-hUI. 
The abbey of Ht^im^ and tbe village of Ziigtlhaiaen (aee above) 
are seen to tbe left, od tbe right bank of tbe ciTer. — 3S/, H. 
BcUitr^aeh (RastanraDt and Pension Volker). 

6 M. S«DkBTgsmiiiid ( J06 ft. ; Pfa.1%, with garden on the Neckar ; 
flinch; SiadX Aihtn, Greek wine-room), a pleasant little town with 
SOOOinhab., at the point where the Neckar is joined by the Stieni, 
the vallay of which is amended by a railway toNecbarelz ii£Meokes~ 
heim (p. 276). Walks may ba taken to the Boiikftitfa, the Tf%- 
Sttin, and the caatle of fi«icA«ntteln. 

The Neckatthal Railway crosses ibe Neckar, penetrates a tnnnel 
leadtog Into the valley of SeboiuEU, and reaches — 

10 H. HMkurteiiiMh (420 ft. ; flar/V, with garden on the river ; 
Sehiff; SckwaUitnnat, opposite the eta^on), a email town with 
1600 Inbab,, in a highly picturesque sltoation, once tbe seat of the 
valiant race of the Stainaoba, who became extinct in 1653. The 
four old castles still bear testimony to their power. The chnrcb 
contains numerous monnmenta of the bmlly, several of whom bore 
the surname of Landsehaden ('land-scoarga'), pertiapa from tbe 
perpettial fends in which they were engaged. Tbe MUUlhvrg baa 
been restored in tbe medinval style and inrronnded with a park by 
its present proprietor. Baron von Dorth. Burg 3ehaAek, oi the 
'SuKitlotn's Na^, frowns above a deep quacry. A good view of the 
pleasing valley of the Neckar Is obtained from the lower. Tba 
BuDlaaa's Miine, 15th Edit. 18' 

274 AouleSS. BBEBBAOB. 

ucent ftom NeoktriteiDieh tu the SohwalliennBat tnkei tHely" '/t hr. ; 
s pleauut walk tollo*« the 'Mittleie Btrgveg' to (^/^ hi.) Neoktr- 

In Ihc «Miae«-I*a<, 311. abOTa MsckuttclnKh, li« BoUud (910 ft.: 
Liai), with th« rulna of it Olslaiciu codtsuI, toundcl in 1136. The old 
retsctorr la now tbe Proteitant chnmh. 

On the lett huik of the Meckai, on a iroaded eminence, lises 
' the MBtle of Diltbtrg (1080 ft.), nnaocoeaBfuUy besieged by Tilly 
during the Thirty Years' Wat. At the begianiDg of the 19tb 
oeutury It was nsed as a state -prison, particularly tot Heidelberg 
students, and tbe rigom of the conflneaient is shoim by the story 
that one day when iome strangers, Tlsltlng the castle, desiied to 
see the telle, they were told by the officer in command that he could 
not oblige them, as the prisoneis were Chen making a tent la the 
Odenwald and had takeu the keys with them. 

12V] M. Jilte]unhmi»en. — ayiH. Hinohhoiu (430 ft.j Zttm 
NatUTalietvn ; beer at the En^^I), a sre all town wltb 2000inhah., 
the moat plctaresqne point in the lower valley of tbe Necksr. Aboie 
tbe town ('/4br.) and connected with it by walls Is the handsome and 
loftily 'Situated old CaiUe of the once powerful, but now extinct 
barons of Hirsohhorn or Hinhorn. The Interior (remodelled In 
1683-86) contains remains of Gothic windows and gome old fieseoea 
(13th cent.?). Apathwithstepsdescends to a monastery erected by 
tbeHirsehbomsatthefootoftbehillln 1406, the chapel of wbleb, in 
the late-Gothic style, still contains many monuments of the family 
(16-16th cent.). The Ertchhtimet Capelle, rising above the river on 
the left bank (ferry), a late-Gotblc building of 1517, also contains 
monnments of the Hirschhoms. — Two tunnels are passed through. 

19 M. BbeibMh (430ft. ; Bahrmann's Hold, yeTia. i'jt-b^/iJt; 
Ltiningtr Hof, pens. iJK: Brockenhof, pens. 3^^ ^; all very fair, 
with, gardens; RaU. Beitaunmt), an old town with 5900 inhab., 
belonging to the Prince of Leiningen, and carrying on a brisk trade 
in timber. Pleasant wood-walks in tbe yidnity. .— From this point 
we may in 2 hrs. (Snger-posts) ascend the S&tienbiiokel (2055 ft.), 
the highest of the Odenwald Mts., eiQi«t yii BuTghalde-Emichiburg 
or (somewhat longer) via Waldkatienbaek(AAlei). ThemounUln is 
composed of sandstone, through which dlorite piotrades at tbe top. 
The tower commands a flue view of the valley of the N'eckar, Wut- 
temberg as far as tbe Swablan Alb, and tbe Black Forest. We may 
descend to Zwiagmberii (see below) in 1^4 br. — Bailway to Er- 
bsch, Hochst, and Darmstadt (or Frankfort), see R. 31. 

Beyond Ebeibacb the train passes 8toi*eneek, on tbe left bank, 
the inlni of a castle of tbe 13th century. — 26'/tH. ZwiBgenberg 
(480 ft. ; Anker), on the right bank, lying close to the river, is 
commanded by a picturesque castle of tbe Grand-Dake of Baden, 
which was rebuilt in 1564-95, and has lately been restored and 
rendered babiuble. Five of the eight toweis ate atta preswred. 

SCHVETZINQEN. 32. Boutt. 275 

Tbe chapel conUlns some medlsral w&ll-palntiiigs. The Eatten- 
buebel may also be ascended hence (2'/^ hia.}, the heat route leading 
thiough the tomantic Wolfuchtudit, behind the cutis. 

2T/t H. Neekargerach (Kione], on the left bank. On the hiU 
above aie the ruins of the Minneburg, which waa destroyed in the 
Thlity Yeaia' War. The lalley now eipands. On tbe left bank ii 
the Btiherhaide, so called from the flocks of herona (Relher) which 
have egtabliahed themselTea here. A little above Obrifheim, on the 
left bank, It the ruin of Dauehitein. A.t DUdeiheim the river ia 
creased by a bridge-of-boata. — Near |^28 M.) Binau the tiain 
paeseB tbrongh a tnnnel )/; H. in length. 

31 '/a M. Hetkkreli (505 ft.; KUngtnberg, very fair, pens. 
31/2-^ •^' ^^<>' -Kdi'' BestaurofU'), on the right bank, at the 
inSni of the Eli Into the Neckai, contains a late-Oothic lodge of 
the Templars. Opposite the to«n rises the Neubtirg. 

The 4rrt ilation -,, .- . - 

Moibasli (Frim Carl: Ba^ehtr Hof), an old (own wilb 8600 inhab., 01 
Iha Bb. Comp. Baidtitr'- - -— -— - — - — 

Pboh HBiDBLBBaa toSfbtbh, I61/2 M., railway in i^j^tn. (^fares 
2^30, \jnO, 1 JflOpf.). — 3M. %p<tte(m,-4l/tM. PiontKwil. 

51/1 ^- Boliwatliligen {^Bineh, Adltr, both by tbe entrance 
to the chateaui H&ttl HatiUr, at the atation: Bataurant Ritler, 
beside the Hiraeh), a pleasant little town with 6500 liihab. , attiar.ts 
DUmeroua Tlaitors from Heidelberg. The Schloii, erected by Elector 
Charles Lewis In 1656, and deattoyed by Mtflac In 1689, but after- 
ward* restored, was the residence of the electors at tbe beginning 
of tbe 18tb centnty. The gardena were laid out by Elector Charlea 
Theodoreln the middle of tbe 18th cent. In theatyleof tbegronodsat 
VereaUlea, and the beautiful old aTennei have since been sunoonded 
with grounds In the English style. Tbe gardens eoTor an area of 
IIT acres, and are embellished with statues, temples, artificial 
rains, a mosque with lofty minarets, and other objects Id tbe taste 
of the 18th centnry. The foDntains play dally from the middle of 
Apill to the middle of October. A walk ronnd the whole of the 
gudens takes about two honrs ('Gatde', 60 pf., at the entrance]. 

Schwetilngen Is the jnnction of the Speyer line with the rail- 
way to Mannheim and Carlaiube (p. 279), and of a branch-line to 
Frledriohsfeld (p. 258). All tbe eipceas-traint atop here. — The 
Speyer line passea (10 M.) ThaViaus, and crosses the Rhine by a 
bridge of iron pontoons near (13 M.) Altluiiheim. 

IpAfW, see p. 296. The £Amc Station (U'/t M.) is neu th* 
cathedral ; the Printlpal Station (16»/t M.) Is reached In 10 min. ttwe. 

33. Hannheim and Lndwigshafen. 

Xulmr SUtiou. Tbe Cmlrat Station (reaUniiuiI) Una ob Uib 8. ild« 
of tbe tonn (PI. D, 6), uill is aieA hj Irsini In eJl dincHDoa. jl 
aecoDd aUUon ror tbe line to LimpeTtbelm and FrtnkCort or ]lt.jeaix 
(E. 30«), ind Ihe slmUm for Ibe ileim-trHnweys to Welnheim fp. 857) 

Hotali. -FiBi HoTU (PL p ; D, D). FriBdrlctii-Flitt, i. 3<A-10, B. li/i, 
D. S'/.ijr, inw; ■PritiM Hc>» (PI. 1, 0. 4), Pende-PUtT, ■ Iddb- 
eeUbUBhed houae refined In i»n2, R. 9-8, B. V/t, D. 3 .4. — 'Didtbchii 
" - - ■ ■ ■ — Kx»«ao» tPl. bi C, D, 1), Heldfllbe^er- 

8ti., oppoolte tbe pail-ofllce, R. from 2'/,, KiJI: 
E. 31A4, B ' " "■' - " *' - - • 

2'/i J»i Lira, birtboear ll* Cenlnl StiHonCPl.'D,' Bji 
■ ■ "■ ' " "■ " ^ d; 3). 

lO |P1. fi 0, B); NiOBUlIHil. (P). hi 

.nruti. BoJVuattr-KclUr, in tbe Theatre (PI. C.iy, OaUt 

.. Oper, Cafi Franzaii, these I' -- .. - -^ . ~ - 

Wimr Caft Cmlral, near (be Strohmi 

Cafi iw Oper, Cafi Framaii, these three near IheThestre: Ca/< Vfelorta, 
^ ._ = ^. „ ^ j„j^„ icblnM-aarten, 

. ieiRad(-ftnt, mlltary mule 

Ar<i>t Saah (PI. O, S}| 2d.Mnp«- fio/. 

Biver Bath a, ab< 

Oaba. miA oiu 

)f.i 'Ahr., 80 nf 

_.. 1 jreOpf. orS,.. . ._ .. ,. _.. __ .. _. ._ 

l-2jieTa. per Vt It-, i J«, 3 or mareneri. 1 Jf 10 pt-j "ft hr,, 3 JT or 
a^SOpf.l »A'"i a J<BU or 3 Jl 80pf,i perlir.,S JT or 8 JT JO pf.i 
each addii ■/< t>r., 60 or 60 pf. — l-uggan: !&5Q Ibt., SO pf.i BS-W itw., 
on _ff . Sua ik_ Ilk „# ' p 1 • 

Oaba. miA sni Kont.' 1-2 pera. fur 1/4 hr., 60 pf., 3 or more 1 
90 pf.; 'it hr., 80 of. or 1 .« 90 pf.i >/• br. 1 Jf 3D or 1 J( 60 pf.i 
^- 1 ^ 60 pf. or 3 .«,- esch addlt. i/t 1>r., U or 00 pf. — WUh In *<>i 

(PI. A, tj; from the Waldbof [to tbe : 
Hal» (PI C, B, 6) 10 the Panorama (PI 

;, a, 8) to 



II al Ludwlgsbafen, and 1 M. from the ; 

Ian. Steamboat to Marence, tII Worma. In 4 bra. 
r. iWI Laitniurg. ~Vaitti Btatea Csniul; £ia/(Hi 

ade-Plati ; asolbei otBct »l the Central Station. 
Uatmhtlm (27d tt.), a town with 140,000 inhnb., aituated on 
the right bank of the Rhine, near tie Bonfluence of the Nectar and 
ooniiected by a bridge with Ludwigihafen (p. 278) on tlie left bank 
of the Rhine, naa founded in 160B byElectoiPalstineFradericklY. 
The castla ha then bailt was deEtmyed along with Che infant town 
in the Thirty Yeats' Wat, and again by the French In 1689. When, 
owing to ecoleiisstlMl dlfferenceE, Elector Charles Philip (1716-4%) 
tiansferred his tesldenoa ftom Heidelbetg to Mannheim In 1720, the 
lattei enjoyed a period of prosperity that iMted natll Charies 
Theodore (1T42'99), the next electoi, In big tarn remoTed the eonrt 
to Monloh in 1778. Foe ita moTe reeeut importance Hannheim ia 
indebted to the deTelopment of the Rhine navigation and of lail- 
waya. Within the Isat &U yean it ba« Increased its population flrefOld, 
•nd it 1b now the most important cemmeicial town of the Uppn 

c. Google 

c. Google 

Plol«« OalltTV. MANNHEIM. 33. Routt. 277 

Rhine, eo&l, grain, and pettoleam being tbe eMple commodittee. A. 
considerable mftnutactiiTing indnstiy (chemicslB, isachlneir, etc.) 
h&B aleo spioDE up. — Hanabeim ia the moM cegsluly built town la 
Qennany, being divided into 136 square aections like a oheis-boaid. 
The Btteeta ace diBtinguished, according to the Ameiican system, 
by letters and numeralB, and Uie recent ittempt to introdace namea 
has met with no popular response. The stieets ontside the Ring- 
Strasse are, however, named. 

The erand-Dse&l F&lnoe (VI. G, 4, S), a ipaclanB building 
in the baroque style, waa erected in 1730-29 and 1749-60. In 
the court are a handsome Montiment to Emp. William I., by Ebet- 
lein rl394), and two Monumental Fountaim by the same sculptor 
(1898), representing the Rlielngold and the legend of the Bhloe. The 
apartments of the Qrand-Duke are adorned with &ne plaiter-nork 
and tapestry. The interior also contains teveral collections. All of 
these may be visited at any time on payment of V2'^ ■'' ; the Col- 
lection of Antiquities is open free in summer on Sun., 11-1 and 
3'5 ; the Cabinet of Natural History on Sun., U-l and 3-5, and on 
Wed,, 3-5: the Picture Gallery throughout the year on Son. A Wed., 
11-1 and 3-6. 

The eentnl structnte (eotr, in the 8. anele of the conrl) contains Hie 
nplted Antioaulu OoUnitlgni of the Gruia-duul Aotiqaarlum and tba 
Socislf of Antiqiuriei. — VurisDj^n. MedlavBl icniptnrea in wood and 
stone. — KooM I. Olyeeti from Sreece and llalfi -asei, ierracoltaa, 

Garmenio antliinlliei, cMefiT fr"iii the netebbonrhood of Mannheim. — We 
return Ihroiigb the puince and the entrance-ball to Booh IV. Weapoiu 
and military reliu of the ITth-lStb centoriei. — Boon V. Plana and 
view) ofHanDbefm; remioUceni^M of SeMIler, Katt Sand, the mnrdeTBr of 
KoUebue (1819). and the Sevolntlon of 181H. — Boon V. Plane and lewB 
at the Palatinate, portnlte of Palatine princes ; seals, eolni, initruments 
of (ortare. — RooH VL Ethnographical collection. — Room VII. Guild 
anUquilleg and recent acqiiislUoni. 

The B. wing (entrance la the court, near the monnment) conlaine a 
OslIeetleD «r Oaeta. acquired at Paris in 1SU3 and slace enlaced. — In 
the aame wtng (entr. alto from the CarirheodDt-Plali) 1> the Xatnral 
Elitory Oahlnat, in six rooms in the baroaue ilyle. — On the upper floor 
of (he E. wing nre the Pabllo Library (11-1; M,OOD rols.). In a jne hall, 
riehlT decorated in the rococo it; le, and the — 

Picture Gallery (catalogne 50 pf.J , FooDded in 1903 bj Otand.Dute 
m...... >._j,.j.w -n^ since coinbiped with the Mnnldpal CoUection (cata- 

l<»ne aOpf ). The Couudob contalni works of K KmU (ITrO-ISSU), a nati< 

(d.l7»9). — Id KooHin are Itt^iiin'paiiilinM "'the l^th and ll^th ccniiuiei. — 
BooHsV-VUconl^nanumberofgiiod Netherlandish worts: 112, Falamtdti, 
Muiical partj; 113. A. ion OUadi, Dmcli hoorBj 130, A. JHipraam, Boors 
drlnhing, ITH. fi. «inilui>idiKf, LandBcspe; 1B7, IBS. eeerdin^tn, Norwegian 
laadacapee: 19B. Phil. WomctTman, Plnndereri; 931. Piilrr WMcerinan, 
Gaialrrikirmiib: Salf, 216. Interior, 217. Kilchsni *228. Rabni, leabelJa 
Brant, hU fltst wife: D. JV^riw-j Ma Titrngir. 3iT. SI, 8eha«ll.n, 218. Boors 
drinkins i 378, FteUri, Sca-plcoe 1 2SC. a«tdm. Kitchen-gear -, 29S-303. Oatford 
i*«u»*i Lindecapes ; H. FotuHa, 801. The Golden Calf, 205. Kosej at the Red 
8sa — BodhTHI. XunicipaJ Collection. 1. Kwpp, Slonnr paisage ; 3. Suit, 
Chiiitleiua Fjord: 1, Onilmer, Behind the scenes i 9. Sit/tlaM, Bleeilngthe 
alpine paitnrei{ 10. CI. Jre»er, Datcb scene; IB. 0. JcAentKuA, Villa d'Estei 

278 S<na«33. LnDWTOSHAFEN. 

33. Ma. Su-pieeev 38. IKifi^hatltr. Aneiti 3». E. Eaff, Cipnobln monk 
in ■ peuiDt'B bnl; 33, A. AchtnlicuH, Dutch eout i T3. 71. /. A. Sud/s, 8e<i- 
bsf^h, 101, lOe, toe. Rollmam. FcrugiB, .££111^ and Belinunlu, iketcbes 
for tbe freieoes at Hnnletat no namben, 0. AdiaibaA, Gultol mt Borne i 
Fmurbai^ Medea; Lalxt^ Biimmrck. -~ Boons [X ud X. Permaneal 
Kihlblllon of (he EusBUereiD and EngTiviDea. 

The PaXace Oarden (PI. B, C, 4, t^, the StadtiitJie Anlage, snd 
the Town Park [PI. B, 4) are pleuant reaoiu. 

The lITiratre (PI. C, 4) wiib built in 1776-79. SeblUer'B first 
pieces, the 'Robbers', 'Fieaoo', snd 'Cabal uid LoTe', ireie per- 
formed here with the co-opention of Ifflaod and partly nnder 
hU own direction (1782^). SehUler'i Momtmait, by Cauer, in 
front of the theatre, naa erected in 1863. Adjacent, on the right and 
left, are Etaiuea of IffUmd (d. 1814), a distinsuisbed actor and poet 
who began his career at Mannheim, and Von Dalberg (i. 1806), 
intendant of the theatre in 1779-1803, both by Wldnmann. — The 
elaborately adorned Church of tlu Jemttt (PI. 1 ^ C, 4) was bailt in 
1733. The former Artenal (PI. 8 ; C, 4) was built in 1777-78. In 
ftont of it a bronze-statue of MoUke, by Uphues, was elected in 
1902. — The curious monument in the Parade-PIatz (PI. C, 4) re- 
presents the change of the times (1741); that in froitt of the JZalhAoui 
(Fl. C, 3, 4), erected in 1771, refers to the foundation of Mannheim. 
— By the old Rhein-Thor Is a War JUonunxnt. by Volz (1896). — 
In the Kalaet-RIag, neat the Central Station, la a Biimarelc Mon- 
ununt by Hondrleser (1900). Near the Water Towtr (Fl. D, 4), lu 
theE. eitension of the town, are the Siodtiscft* Fr!attoii«(PI.E, 4) 
and ■ Panorama (PI. £, 3 j 60 pf.). — The Neckar is spanned by 
the Friedriehi-Briidui (PI. D, 3), constructed In 1890-91. 

The spacious 'Ettrbonr (PI. A, B. 4, 3, 2, 1), at the month of the 
Neckar below the town, has been greatly extended since 1897, and 
Is admirably equipped vith the docks, warehouses, railway con- 
nections, and so forth, that are reqalied to deal with the important 
trade of the town (p. 19). 

The Shins Bridge (PI, B, 5), holtt in 1865-68, and a steam- 
ferry connect Mannheim with Ludwigshafen, The former, used by 
the railway, tramway, and foot-passengers, has handsome portals 
designed by Curm, and adorned with groups ot figures by JIfoeit. 

Indwigfhafen, — Bi^wa; Station, n«ar the Rhine (PI. A, I); Irilni 
to Niailadt, etc., see p. 393; to WBrmi, Bee pp. 381, 380i to Bpcycr, lee 
p. 3BG. PMBengeri to or ham NinDheiiu change oairliBea. 

Hotels. DaaTBCEsg Hads, cot. of Ludwiei-gtr. and KtJaefWilhelm- 
Str.. R.froma, D.3jI;PfUi ~" "" 

BttitaDTSnti. amiliih-'--' 
with garden and baths, I 

Ziurlwi^sha/cn , an important commercial and mtnnfacturing 
town with 61,900 Inhab., begun in 1843, and rapidly inereasing 
in commercial importance, was originally only the tltt-de-font of 
Mannheim. During the reTolutioiiary war at the end of last oentury 
it was several times tbe scene of sanguinary contests. The Wharea 

NIEBSTEIN. 34. Route. 279 

MB among the flDest oa the Rhine. The nev ubucehes, In the 
Komsneeqne and Qothk stfleB, are well worthy of Inspection. The 
former (Romm CMholic) eontains [resoosB by SQaameier. At the 
rail, Btatlan is i monmneotil foontalD (1697). — Above the town le 
the Leopold Hirbaor, opened In 1897. — Bnnch-Une to (8 M.) 

FiDH Lddwiobh^eh to Oioisuiluch, U'/i H., nllwty in %•»/, bra. 
SUtions; Friamhilm, Oppav, Xd^Mm, A-onfanMal (p. 280), Hiuheim, 

FsoH Maknubii* to Gablbbdhb, 36 M., Mine Valley Rail- ■ 
way in l-13/« br. (fates t Jf, 3 ^ 30, 2 ^ 20 pf. ; exprest 6 Jf 
70 pt., 4^. Thefut expiess between Cologne and Bile trsveiBeB 
thts line. — Immediatel]' after leaving Miunhelm, and again at 
Schwetzlngen, we see on the left the moantainB near Held elbetg. 
2i/gU. Neckarau, an Indoatrial inbnrb of Mannheim; 5M. Rhehuni, 
with a large new harbour. — 9 M. Sdacettiagen, see p. 275. The 
line DOW tTsverses pine-foieats ; on the right the Palatinate Moan- 
tatni are lisible nearly the whole nay. — Beyond (14 M.) Boeieen- 
heim we catch eeveral glimpses of Speyei Cathedral, in the plain 
to the right across the Rhine. 16'/: T^- Seuluishelm. 19l/g M. 
Waghautel, where the Baden insurgents were signally defeated on, 1849. — M'/aM. me«nlAai. — 25M. Graben-NeudOTf, 
junction of the Brnchsal and Gennersbeioi railway (p. 352), Is con- 
nected with Garlsnihe by a local line alio. — TS'/^.M. Friedrichthal; 
31 M. Blankenioehi 34 M. Hagifeld. — 38 M. CariiTuhe (p. 354). 

34. Trom Hayencs to Ludwigiliafsn (Mannheim). 

43>/i S. RAILW1.T iD li/rS'/< bn.; farei t> M W, ^J^ 10, iJllO pf. 
Prtuufich-EaiiKki SlaaUbahH as far u Wornu (In •A-l'/j hr. i farei S Jf TO, 
9^80, 1 J! 90 pf.; eipnas iJt iO, 3 Jl 10 pf.) and bejoai It the Vtl- 

Afoytnci, see p. 154. — The train etattsbom the Central Station, 
traierses the tunnel under the citadel to the Nettlhor station, and 
passes noder the Darmstadt line (p. 250). ■- 4</j M. Laubtnhtim ; 
6 M. Bodenhtim, Janction of a branch-line vU Undenhelm (see 
below) and Gan - Odernhelm (p. 280) o (20 M.) Altey (p. 286; 
I'/jhr.); 8 M. Sadctnheim. These three wine-producing villages 
lie on the vine-dad hills to the right, not far ttom the Rhine. 

11 M. Vierftein (Zum Sheinlhai, good wine), a town wltb 
4100 Inhab., is noted for its careful vine-culture. 'Nlertteiner' is 
one of the best-known and most wholesome of Rhenish wines ; it 
is marked by a mildly-acid flavour with considerable aroDia. Most 
of the wine of Rhenish Hesse is sold under this name. On the 
hill to the right rises an old watch-tower. Branch-line to (6 M.) 
Undenhetm (see above). 

ayU Rovit 3i. aUNTEBSBLDM. From Mayenct 

121/g M. OpI>«Bll«im ('filter, it the station], an IndBstilal toini 
with 3700 tnhab. , plotutesiuely situated on a hUl tistng abo»8 the 
rtvei, is oommauded bj the chuich of St. Cathuine and the mined 
eaitle o( LandsktOD. The tovn U menttoa^d In the Roman Ittnenrles 
at Btmeoniea ; it afterwarde bwame a dt; of the empiie and enjoyed 
the patronage of the Fianoonian ernpeiors, paitiDolirly Henrf IV. ; 
and at a etui latecpeiiod It was an impoitant member of the league of 
the Khenish towns. In 1689 the town was destroyed by the French. 

On leavini the station we descend the sTenae tn ■ ittalght direc- 
tion, then tnrn slightly to the left, pass the lofty round clock -towBi, 
&nd go tbrongh an archway below one of the streets. We then 
ascend, skirting the medisral wall, to the (10-12 min.) rains of 
the once tamons Impertal fortress of Landakran, which was barned 
down by the French in 1689. It wa« erected in Che reign of the 
Emp. Lothalre, and restored by Emp. Rupert, who died hete in 
1410. It commands a magnificent view o( Oppeohelm and the 
Talley of the Bhino. — We next descend to the — 

'CatliariniM-Kinhe, a auperh Oothle edlflee, erected in 1262-1317 
on the site of an older church, partly destroyed tn 1689, and thor- 
oughly restored in 1878-89 from the designs of the late architect 
Schmidt of Vienna. The E. part of the church forms a crudfonn 
edifice with a tower over the crossing and two W. towers. The W. 
choii (abbey - chnroh), which was consecrated in 1439, is now un- 
naed and shut off by a screen. The nindows contain beaatlfiil tra- 
cery ; most of the stained glass is modem. The duatered eolamns 
wlUi their delicate capitals should also be noticed. There are nu- 
meioas mouumenta of the Dalberg, SlcUngen, and othet fuollles. 
The details of the exterior repay a careful study. The iocristan 
lives on an upper |aoor to tbe left of the steps at the principal S. 
entcsnee(40pf,). To the N., in the old churdiyard, is St. MichatPi 
(^aptl (charnel-house). 

In front of the S. podal of tbe church Is the market-place, with 
a War Monument for 1870-71 ; the monument Incorporates a column 
of syenite with an inscription, dug np on the Landskron, and prob- 
ably found in the Roman quarry on the Felsbe^ [p. 258). 

171/3 M. Chmterablnm (EroneJ, a small town with 20OOlnhab., 
possesses a Romanesque church with helmet-shaped tow e». On the N. 
side of the town Is the chlitean of Count LeinlngeD, with its gardens. 

19 M. Althtimi 211/1 M. Idelten/nim. — 'Eiam ('iS'/gM.) Olthofot 
branch-linea run to Oau-Odtmheim (12 M,, in 1 hr.) and to Weii- 
bofta (4 M.). On the Petiraberg, near Gau-Odernheim, are the 
luins of an old abbey (oa. 1200). 

28Vt M. Worait, see p. 2S1. 

Frim Womu (0 Jfaiuiitim, les p. 260; to Darnuiadt, bk p, 2Us to 
BinOulm, lee p. 888; to Jfoniieim (Bingen, Diirkheim, etc.), tee p, 2S6. 

Fnm Wmu h> O^iUtn, 7 M,, raUwaj In 38 minnlei, 

31 Vs M . Bobenheim. — S&l/j M. FnuikeiithiU (BSttl Kaufmmn , 
Beiiaurant Witur), a busy Indnatiial town with 16,900 Inhab., is 

c. Google 

c. Google 

fs LudiBifAi^ta. WOBMS. 3i. BouU. 281 

known to kiTS existed in &e 8th cent, tnd dftei 1654 ti>b the refuge 
of man; PcoteBtants vho ireie Iwnlslied from the HetheiluidB 1)y 
the Spanlsids. It wbi fortlQed In IGOS-SS and tfterwud* com- 

?letel7 TebuUt. An Import&Dt porcel&in fBcloiT flomiBhed heie fiom 
765 to 1799. The portal of the l»te-Eooianeaqua Abbey Cfturcft, 
sitaated at the back of the Roman Catholic church, (oanded In 1119 
and congecrated In 1234, ia north Inspection. 

Fmm FsiHMBHiHU, TO FuiHsauM (p. 287), 8 M., Hilwar in 'ft hf. 
(75, Mft.y. Stattacu: PlimtriluimSppiltin, LanOtlUim, WiUmAtIm am Sand, 
39ViM. 0!;;cr8^im(Krone),atownTrith6iOOLnhBblMutB. The 
Loretto Ghuroh here is a Sne bnlldlng. A tahlet on > houae in 
the Schillei-Strasse records that Schiller resided here tn 1781. He 
was at that time engaged in vriting Mb 'Eahale und Liebe'. 

421/2M. Liidwigihafen,Beep,278. — PsBsengerB for Mannheim, 
Heidelberg, etc., change oarrisges here. Routee to NeuBtadt, Neun- 
hirchen, l^udan, Speyei, etc., aee pp. 388, 293, 296. 

onm. '/» -*; WiLnm JUnh (PI, s; B,3}, Pelers-Slr. 11. near (he markel- 

B, 1)1 &.2-VU. B. 1,D. Z'/i-',- KxaixBoi (PI. f 1 B, 1), simUar ebargMt 
Sbiobbkioh! m.g; B, 1), Kai«er-Wilhelm-Str. 19, R. 3-3 Jl, B. EO ft., 
well Gpoken at; HxHHSOFB-HdTBi. (Fl. b; B, t), S. from I'/, ^, plain. 

SuUsnati. Ca/i WeUi.eimmettT-%U.i!i; FuUtam Balaaraimf.SSS), 
with garden, D V/tJIi Zur CajHU. Woll-Btr ; Slulaiiaier Bo/, near the 
Khine bridge, with gai-[ien (ronma to let). AIno at all Lbe Boitli near tbe 
•tattun (ate above). — WinsBscmu. ZUm 7Dc*Mrfflann, Hafcigiuei Clemmi, 

Poit * Talagrapli Ofaoa (PI. 10; C,3), Kammerer-Slniwe. 

Bim Bath*, near the Bbint BHdge. 

Btaambaati t[i Mafence in 2>/t-S hri. The Colocna * Haiseldoir bosta 
Btart near the Kbine Bridge (somp. PI. E, F, 8, 1), Uioh of Ibe Hetbcrlandi 
liuB i/> ^- lo^er down. 

Worm* (325 H.^ one of the most ancient, and in tbe middle 
agee one of the mo Bt important towns in Qermany,with 41,000 inhab. 
(nearly s/j pt(,t., i/j Rom.Cath., and 3500 Jews), lies In the rich plain 
of the Wonntgau, on the left bank of the Rhine. The large neir hai- 
boar has an Impoaing warehocBe in the old Qeiman style and there 
are manufactories of leather, wool, yarn, and sparkling wine, etc.. In 
the town. Of the old fortiflcatlonB only two towsrs (In the Ladwig- 
Str. ; Fl. 6, C, 4] and a portion of the inner wall are still extant. 

Womu is tbe KojatnBtrielomatn, the seat of tba Vansioais. For a abort 
time, during ihe period of the migralions of the barbarian hordee. It was 

tbe gnpremacy ct that rare terminated »liti the defeat of King Oindicar bj 
tbe Bnni in 437. Tbs Frankiih kings, and afterwards Charlemagne aid hli 
incoeseori, frsqaentlyteiided alWorn: ~' ..... 

planned here in 712, mf "--- "- 

282 RouU 34. WORMS. Lather'i Monument. 


of UkB biihopa wtlh ring mod aUff wu ftdjDit«d b? Ibfl ConeOFdAt b«tweeB 
the Bmp. Hcnrr V. ud Pope C^iitoi II. (1132). la ■ fre« dtj ol Iba Em- 

espn'med the ckoie of the former, ind vu gpedaUr hlthfal to 'the nn- 
(OrtiinilB Henry IV, Iti fldelilr wu rewuded b; the grsnt of vtrioal 
priyilegBB, chiefly of » commeKii*! ch»r»c(er. The union betwesn Worm* 
ud Ksjence Hid the tonndition tor the Confedor.lion of Bbanlib Town* 
(lliU). At Worms, in April, 1S31. wu hsid tbs Imperiiil Dl«t. at wMcb 
Lnlher defended Ma doelrinel before lie Emperor CbarlB. v., BliBlBctora, 
and ■ luge and inguat usemblige, oonclnding with tbe Hocda: 'Bin I 

■fhs Thirty Teirs" W»r 'pro-ed Terj dlsMtrooB lo Wonm, wblob wu 
repenledly oecnpled and Hid under cnnlrlbnlion Ht MunFeld and Ti]lT. 
tbe Spulards, uid the Swedes. la IBBS tbe 
croelly by KMu and the young Das de 
pillaged, It Has set oa Are, and, wltb the i 
synaEOgne, sood became one smoaldering heap of ruins. Tbe Iowa re- 
tained ita independence down to the Peace of Lun^ville la 1801, and after 

ISlfi. wben Its Inb&bltanta numbered about 5000. 

To Wormi and to the Roaengarlan (p. 286). oa the opposite bank, 

heroic poems. Worms, indeed, it iht centre of iliese romantic legendaj Ba 
lbs dly of the Borgnadiu King Qnnther it waa thg asene of 8ic«Med'i 
heroic acMevemenU, at hii dettlh Huosgh Ihe treasbery of Htgen, and of 
the revenge of Chriembilde. 

Prom the TallTray-sUtian the Siegfried- Stiisee (PI. B, G, 1) leads 
to the tOTmer UUdzbi Thoi (p. 281) while the KaiBel-Wilhelm- 
Stiaeae leads to the LuthtT-Plati, sitnuted at the entiance to the 
old town. The iqnue la embellished with "Lntliei'i JConnment 
(PI. B, 2), deaigned by RieUchel (d. 1861) in 1856. and modelled 
by KUti, Dondorf, and Schilling of Diesden (erected in 1868). 

Thia imposing memorial of tbe fresi Reformer of aermany, the ei- 
eculion of which occupied 13 yeara and coat about 17,0001,, merlta 
examinallon. A muaive pUtfonn, 16 yds, square and 9Vi ft. hi^, bear* 
In ila centre a large pedestal, anrronnded by seven amaller ones. The 
central baae or pedestal is aurmounted by another pedeatal In bronie, 
adorned with reliefs from Lntber's life, and medalllnn-portralta of hi* 
coutempnrariei who cnnlrlbuted to tbe Bsformallon. On II etanda Lother'i 
aUtue In hronie, a commanding flgnre, 11 IX. in heigbl. In his left hand 
he hold) a Bible, on whieb bia rigbl band la placed emphatieallyi while 
hla face, on which faitb is admirably pourtrayed, is Inmed upwards. 'H« 
la suTronnded by a row of bold spirits, who before, or ainng with bim 

privileged to promote !t In varions noaillonB of life.' Al the corners of 
the chief pedestal, In a sitting poitare, are four precnraocs of Ihe KeforD- 
BHon, inl front, r, Hass (d. ItlS), I. SavouaroU (d. IISS)^ al Ibe back, 
r, Wycllffe Cd. i38TI, 1. Petras Waldos (d. 1IB7). On the jide-pedeslals 
in front are Philip the Orenerous of Hease ou tbe right, and Frederick the 
Wlae of Saiony on Ihe left; at the back Helanchthon on tbe right, and 
Bencblin on tbe left (each B ft. In height). Between these, on lower nad- 

11.1 Augsburg {making confassloii), and (at the back) Speyer (pcoleatiBg).' 
Between these Bgures are the arnia of the Utowna ofSermany wbieb flrat 

To the S. of the Luthei-Platz is t'beEeylt\of, built for Baron Heyl 
In 18S4 on the site of the BUchafskof, or episcopal palace, In which 
Luthei made hla defence in 1521 , and which waa destroyed by the 
Prench. The garden la open daily, U-Q (enti. in tbe Schlaia-Plati). 

CaOtdnL WORMS. 3i. KouC«. 203 

Tbe Tolks-Tebatbb k Fbitbad« (Pt. A, 1), In the Festlisiie- 

Strosse, vas completed In 1889 by March. Tbe aUge can be en- 
Urged for the peitormance of BpectacnUr uid popnlu pieces ; 
the fine banqaeting bill ia destined for concerta and aMembllea. 
Beetiarant (p. 281] -, line vieir of the ctthediaL 

The *CathBdnl (PI. B, 2), dedicated to Sa. Peter and Paul, 
is of very ancient origin, daUng at to Ita gronnd-pltn tnd its oldest 
part (lower half of V. towers) bom tbe 11th and eaily 12th eeift. 
(consecrated in 1110); ^e remainder of the bnilding vaa consecrated 
in 1181. The W. choir and towers are under restorttlon, while the 
dome over the cross has been rebuilt. The S. portal, richly adorned 
with Bcnlptarei of Scriptural anbjects and illeBorical flgnrea of the 
Chnrch and the Synagogae, was re-erected in tbe Gothic style about 
the end of the 13th century. Vith its four tlendei round towers, 
twodomes, and doable choii, the catliedxalrsnka, like those of Speyef 
and Mayenoe, among the finest examples of Bomsnesque architecture 
in the Khineland. The exterior in puticuUr is strikingly effeotlve. 

The lBt«noT (closed onti] 2 p.m.-, entrtnce qd the S. lidei tte to the 
■aecijiiaii, tor wbom a hot maf be aem, fiO ft.) ia Itl ;ds. long. 39 yti. 
wide, acruK tbe iHuuepi lO Td». wide, na.e 106/1. high. Immediately to 
the lefl, in the second S. chapel (Si. JcpBtph's), is ■ whitewuhed relief 
(lath cent.), repre*entiiig Daniel in the lion>' den. — The BapKitcty, on the 
right lide of the S. Portal, eonUins flye Urge -Higli RtHtfi in itone, daUng 
from itST and i^. admirably executed, brongbt hither on the demolition of 
the old daiiters of 1481; the; represeot the Adoiatioo of the Shepherds (1). 

It may interest those versed in German lore to know that the 
space in front of the cathedral is said to have been the scene of tbe 
quarrel between Brunhilde and Ghrtemhilde, recorded in the 14th 
Adventure of tbe Nibelungenlied. 

In the Decbaneigaase, to the S. of the cathedral-square, is Uia 
Town Library (PL 3; A, 3), containing some rare impressions. — 
A litUe to tbe 5.W. is tbe late- Romanesque Andnai- Kircht (PI. 4, 
A, 3 ; closed). 

The streets to the E. lead from the cathedral to the Habkbt 
PuoB, which contains the DreifaUigkeiti-KiTBhe (PI. 5 ; B, 3) or 
Church of the Trinity, built In 1724. 

In the Hagen-Strasse, to the E. of the market-place, rises the 
Stadtbaub (PI. 11; fi, 3), rebailt in 1883-84 after designs by 
StUU. The large hall contains a fresco by Prell, representing Emp. 
Henry IT. conferring important commercial privileges on tbe town 
(1074). The extensive archives arehousedlnthepaTilion in the court. 

The KIhubbbb-Sthassb (PI. B, C, 2), the chief business thor- 
oughfare of the town , leads from the matket-place le tbe former 

284 RouU 34. WOBHS. Pauliu VuMum. 

Maimer Thot (PI, C, 3). — We follow the FKtbergMW to the E. 
to the — 

Pkolu-KicotteCPl. 9i C, 3), » Konuneaqne balldiDg of 1102-16, 
ijiferior in inteieet to the cathedral alone. The W. poroh and the 
choir, in the form of a half decagon, date from the beginning of 
the 13th ceutni|. The Interior, restored at the begiDniog of the 
i8th cent, in the haroque style, contains the Paultu Muuiim, tn 
extensive and vell-arraoged collection of Qermanie antiqaitiea of 
all epochs. Adm. on Snn., 10.30-12.30, free; on other days, on 
application to the custadiftO, 50 pf., for a party 25 pf. each. 

The doors of Iho bandaomB BomMBBqae W. Portal ate a copy of tboSB 
of HildsBhoim Osthedral. 

IntoTigr. B; tha ealriAcs ua tbe iknll and aatlcn of an IrlHli Bit. 
CoUecllan of prehlalOTic uitiquitiu and an Etruicaa broDii ghield, taiind 
In tliB Rhine. On tha right side of the V££tibdi,b an prahistortc antiquities 

of BorbetDmagiu, p. 9S1), etc- la (heH^vi t,nj Rtman AnUjMiiiet, c^lenyfroin 
WOTBU aod its BBJghboaihood, JDclndiog an eiteDlivi coilectiou oE Bom&D 

?'bm; three helmeU, amtlitarT dl|>1ama of 90 A.I>., terracotU veasels, eM. 
ha Frantiik AtiHpiilia are also arraoeBd bote : bronze lessela with eailr 
Christian repreaentMions; cumerons obiecli foond in tonlbsi mediieval 
obJecU; tombslonea of the U-I8th cenlutfes. — In tie Cboib ire two panel 

In the CiiOiSTsas are Buman well-beads, roof-tiles, Tesiels, etc. Bomsn 
and Bjianllne tejtiles pJnd-7tb cont.); aoliqnities from Cjpnsi alio pre- 
blaloric antiquitlei of the stone a^e. 

A room, fomiahod in the Ootblc strle. in the K. lower bailda the W, 
portal, conlalni tha 'isrtar Librnty; with rare e»rlr editions of lbs works 
of Lnthsr and his contemporaries and also three letters of Lnther. — The 
S. towM eoolaiiu works printed at Worms In 1513 and later. 

In the LuDwiGfl-PLATz (PI. C, 2) Is an ObtUtic to the memoTy of 
Grand-Duke LewialV., erected in 1895, Close hy, In tha MarUns- 
gasse, stands the CImreb of St. Martin (PI. 8 ; C, 2J, bnllt in 1265, 
partly deatroyedby fire In 1689, and restored in 1888; it contains old 
mural paintings (rained). — In the Judengaase, to the light, is the 
Bynagogne (Fl, 12; C, D, 2], an insigni Scant hailding dating from 
the lith cent., remodelled in the 13th cent., and now quite 
modernised (key at No. 27, Judengaase; fee 60 pf.). Behind the 
adjacent Rascbi Ghapel(whichawna prayer-books of tbe Romanesque 
period), the old JewiiA Bath (11th cent,) was discovered in 1900. 
The Jewish community of Worms Is one of the oldest In Qermany. 

In the induitrUl Msyence anburb, which was destroyed by the 
Swedes and French and has bnt lately been rebuilt, the noble late- 
Gothic Ltebfrftnen-KIrote (CAtireft of Out Lady ; PI. E, 1), Vu M. 
from the Mainzer Tbor, alone escaped [key at Liebftanenatlft 21). 
The church, which was restored in 1882-83, is in the shape of a 
cruciform basilica, wtth an ambnlstory and two W. towers. It re- 
places an older edifice , and was consecrated in 1467; the keystone 
of the vaulted roof bears tbe arms of the different corporations of 
'onna who oansed It to be built. Inside, to tha right of the 

l;. GOO(^l(J 

rt'/t M-) i 

mldjt or b) 

Lb the TaiaOonnir, 

lut pBthi, weU-pn 

^ vlUxge (Dd from tbo lilla to virion 

fl R. hJgh; k^y obtklned at D&nnentell), on the top of the DsnDartb*^ 
[•ma ft.), the Mbu y»U of the Romani, und the Prench Jfrmi Ttmtrrt, 
commiiidssiiuteEaive 'lew. Near the I 

and 8. iJopes at the 

(SiW^ft ° ' 

mb"(P. "itoV/ »"rTiiwji^tatioii 

Isadi theiiee (o (H/t U.) the 4lll>ge of Marienlhal. ohenee Ibe tower li 
reached In 1 br. more. — The Donnersberg mn; alio be ascended from 
WianiieiHTfv.nO-, thtongh IhaFslkemlein .aUey, ateep, 3brj.), or, moit 

aeauim (>ee' below) itj> JaccbiKdler and Zx-(«inj Ci/iV. 

13 M. Martihtim ; branch-line to (8 U.) Monsbaim (aee below), 
tU AltiiheJm, Harxhtim-Zett, and Waehmhiim. 

15 H. OoUhdm-i>r«i<en. The village of CMllliBim COolitnMf 
Son; UeslViM. to tbeS.E. of tbeatatioo. NesrltriMBtbeHawn- 
iuAI, where Emperor Adolph of Nasaan was defeated and slain by 
Albert of Austria on 2nd Joly, 1298. At the S.W. end of the town 
Is a modem Chapel, designed by Toit, into the walls of which ii 
bnilt the old 'KSnlgskTeuz', a flgnie of the Savioui in led sand- 
stone, erected on the battlefield in the 11th century. 

18 M. Bomtadt (ascent of the Donneisberg, see above). — 22 M. 
LangmtU (Frank, at the station). Foi the Alsenz line, see p. 170. 

2i'/i H. Neuhemibach- Bembaeh, — 27 M. Enkmbach (Ries) 
contains the inteieating late-Rom aneaqne church of a Ptamoustia- 
tensian abbey, founded in 1150 and suppressed In 1664. The 
church (lestored since 1876) is adjoined on the S. by a cloistei, one 
walk of which foimed the S. transept of the church. Fine W. 
portal. — 3IV2 M. EstUf&rth, with the finely wooded Barftaroisa 
Part, belonging to Kaiserelantem. The (2'/4 M.) Brtmtrhof is s 
favourite pleasure-resort. 

33ViM. £aiin-iI(iutmt(N. Station); 36 M.^ais«-)[initeni(Prin- 
cipal SUtjon), see p. 293. 

F&ou Alzet to Wobhs. — S'/a H. Rettenheim; 5 M. Eppela- 
htim; 7 M. ffundtMeim,- 9V2 "■ Nitder/Viriheim. — 11 M. Moiu- 
beim, the Junction for Neustadt and for Marnbeim (see above). — 
16 H. PfeddtTihiim ; 17 M. Pfiffhghtim , with a very ancient elm 
('Luthet-BaumO. - 18Vs M. Worm*, see p. 281. 

Fbov HoHBHiiM TO Nbcst&dt. — I'/tM. fioAcniuIun,' 2'/2M. 
Boekenhtim; 4'/j M. Alhtheim. 

6t/2 M. Orfinat&dt (JmsoMaH; Pfalier Eof), t, town irith 3900 
inbabitante. The ruins of the old chateaux, of All- and Heu-Lti- 
ninptn, destroyed by the French in 1690, He on a hlU in the dls< 
tance to the right. 

dCrEHEIM. 30. BouU. 287 


lelhtim. Al (2i/,H.) MtrMhiim diverge* the line tor 

a ditigcDCe pliei twice'dHll; hi GSUInim (?'. SSS). ODllhelm may' ftlao be 
readied in i'/i bra., by & pleuuit dolour ni tbc old cDiTent of Xoinuhol, 
Rilh m InletestiDg 1aU-OoIbil^ church (15th cent.). 

FaoM GsfimTiDT to Wohmb, 10'/j «-, ruilway in V/, hr., TiS AOthiin 
(p. SS6], OjriUin, and WtiiuAsJin, 

8 M. Kirchhcim-an-dtr-Eck. From (H M.) Frcimheim * 
branch-line diverges to Frankenthal (see p. 281). 12'/! M. Ef^jolE- 
heim. Eitenslve Tineyards in every direction. 

l&ViM.Daiklitdm(380ft.; HSleiHauiIinp.neai tbeCuT-Qaclen, 
Vitr Jahremiten, B. I'/j-^Vsi P*"^- ''°™ * •*. ^"'1' "sitei for the 
gTape~CDie ; Cafi-Btitaurant SchuppU; wine at Baeh-MtyerU and 
i>i«ti'<), nith 6!200inhab., one of the busiest towns in the Palatinate, 
with its ooQiplcuODi new Gothic spire, is beaotifully situated among 
the vineyards of tbe OaaidtMts. The town waaalmoatentiielyTebuilt 
after the nvages of the French In 1689. It afterwards enjoyed great 
prosperity as the residence of the Princes of Lelningen-Hartenburg, 
whose handsome palace, in which island (p. 278} once acted, and 
which was burned down by the French in 1794, occupied the site of 
the present town-hall. There ate a few anttqalties in the oonrt- 
room. The Deighbonring salt-baths of Phillppthalle attract a few 
visitors in spring. The town Is suTronnded by pleasant piomeQadee. 

On an abrapt eminence al the entrance la tbe /jenacA-Hlal, abunt IViH. 
to IheW. ofDurkhelm. lie the plolnMBque rains of the Benedictlno Abbej 
of 'LuiibnTE, once a cbitean of Uie Salic Cnnnl Conrad the Elder, who was 
elected kint of Germany in 1(04 (Conrad II.). Hit eldest son Conrad 

convert hit anceatral caitle into a rellpons hosie for the welGtre of hit 
eon's aooi. On i2tb July. ICSO, at t a m.. as tiie cbrimicIerB inform us, 

in 1001. Tbe t 


rtly ra 


in 1516 and 155i: 

bat the abbey b 



they gradually 1 

Ml' to deca 


of the imp 


now belong to 


at, affa 

ird an 


Inple of the 


of the illh cen 



(ISTstepO. fhe 


m»ds a fine 



original clol 



Ihe B. sii 

le, a. 


in thr< 


<,o,. (I»i> 

le top, very 




W., eilhei 

1 hilly path 


the heights, or 


ibnig, the 




«ted i. 



, aV. M, fr; 

le Limborg. 


eitensive oasUe 

led by the Cot 

!i abool the 

1300, and was 




'r610°fl w 

islored In (h 


nalaiance sljle, 

and in 


np by Ihi 

! Pre 

neb. The n 

3 pleasi 

sdei. 1 


on the path 

the Llmbore, there it 

large gi 


held, planleS w 

itb Bne 

. liB 

, anL 

<g a] 


ey of 


IhavsneT' Attha foot of the cutis tlu the lilligc otfiarfnhirp (HtMch), 
3 H. from Diirkbeim bj tb« highroad. — A walk from HiTtenbarc ap 
tbs jpretly Itroath-TM to FrukeniMIn (p. 293) Ukei ibont 3 honre. 

of which is enclosed by » mda itone rsmpstl, BT-100 ft. br'o«i, T-13 ft. 
high, ud Bboit 3>/t H. i" clrcnmrerence. called the HsldeiuuiieT, and 
probably, Ilka the similar ilrnct^re on the Allkonle fp. 2*T), of ancient Gar- 
manic origin. On Ihe right risei the Tcvftluliin, a rock 13 ft. in bsighl. 

Snger-jotti. which Indlcals tbe wa; to levera! good points of tIbw, 

On the bill to tbe rigbt, beyond Diickheim, we observe the 
Limbarg, uid nearer the railway risea the 'Flaggenthnnn' (view). — 
18 M. Waohenheim (Dalbtrger Bof), with 2300 inh.b.; on the 
bill lies the ruined Wachienburg or QcieribMrg , once (he property 
of the Salic dokes, and afterwards that of the Counts Palatine, de- 
stroyed in 1689. The handsome conntry-honsea and gardens here 
belong to' wealthy wine- merchants. To the left lies Font {Adier), 
a Tillage which yields excellent wine. ~- 10 M. Deideahaim (Qoldene 
Kaime; wine at Weidlavf'i) is another wine-producing place (2800 
iiihab.) and the residence of many eitensire " in ey aid-proprietors. 
22 M. Konisibaeh, with large sand stone- quarries. — 23 M. Atuas- 
bach ([Weisses Ross; wine at Nauert'a), with aluminium- works and 
large Tineyards ; on the hill to the right lie the long tillages of 
Lobloch and Oimmeldingen (Hammel, very fair, witlj Tiew-terrace}, 
25 M. Ntuitadt, see below. 

36. From Ladwigshafen to WeiBsenbnrg and 

Cvntp. Maptj pp. 386, SS3. 
RiiLwiT to WiiiimbTa (18 U.) in i>/<-2i/i bra. (faraa 6 ^ 30, 4 ^ 10, 
Jl 10 pf. or t jn: Ibence id (U M.) SiranlMrg Id 
' ""1, 3 j»TOpf.; e>pre««6U10,» jrSOpf,). — 
Slraubn^ U vij Speyer, see B.38. 
Ludwigihiftn, see p. 278. The train traierses the fertile plain 
of the Bhine, with Its eitensire rineyaids and fields of COTO and 
tobacco. — 3 M, Rheiagonbtim ; 5 M. MtiUintadt. 

T'/aM. Sohiffeistftdt, the function for Speyer {h^jtU., in '/*'"■). 
Germeraheim, »nd Strassburg (see p. 296J. 

The train approaches the Haaidt Mts. — lO'/i U. Bbhl-Iggilr- 
bxim; 121/j M. Bauloeh; 19 M. Nautadt, Junction for the lines to 
DOrkbelm, Aliey (R. 35), and Kalserslantem-Nonnkireben (R. 37]. 
nemta4t an der Baardt. — Hotel*. ■Lows, near the aUlion, R, 3-3, 
BID. 2iliU, good wine, with eaf^iettuusot) Bailwat Hdol, 1b the 
Saalban (0.^389), with reatamani and gatdsn, Terj falT; Laiiii, Twy ttii\ 

B«t«oiBatb 'aaiUeat JUtlaurmt; OU Omus Wlai Xetmt, FoM- 
BlraM*! -ilu Pfal*! WaUmamittuiv, with Tiew| WUnv Ca/t; Bloreh. 

¥alt«l Statw Afant, Birr LioptI* BUm. 

Neuitadl (450 it.}, situated at the enttanee to the talley of the 
S-pei/erbaeh, the largest town in the Haardt district (17,800 Inhab.], 

c. Google 

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NED8TADT. 3«. SouU. 289 

pos^esies seveTuI paper-millB, and ciiries on a comiderabla vlna- 
■trsde. fPaUtinste winea, 988 Iiitrod.) Neat the station U the SaotSau, 
t RenaUuncB edifice, nitb targe halU for bills and conceits, a hotel, 
and a reslituTant (see p. 288). Die bandsome Gothic Abbey Church, 
founded in 1354 and cotnpleted in 1489, contains the tombstones 
of several of the CounCa Palatine, the founders of Neusladtj the 
cboii 1b used by Roman Catholics, the nave hy Protestauta. The 
Roman Catbolic I^idaiga-Kirchc , a rnodent Oothic church, on the 
left bank H tbe Speyeibach, naa consecrated in 1862. In the 
maiket-place are > monnmental fountain and the Stadlhaui, fot- 
meily a Jesuit college (1743), A bouGO opposite has a carved 
wooden balcony of 1580. Tbe Criehe in the Hetzel-Platz, tbe Hep- 
lunt Fountain in tbe Strohmarkt, and the Boapital in the S.E. of 
the town, were eieet«d by Hi. Uetzel, a banker, to whom the cit- 
iiena have erected a monument to the N. of tbe Saalbau. The 
Haximilian-Str. il lined with handsome tUUs. 

lich beelia at the Xeuifi-UshU (r 
tlhe (3M.) KaltiBrw " ■■— 

StaliAuk. Farther on, il 
a tbe ScAenllml, with lU 
Ihe Woirebun (sse beluw). 
/, K.) abadv Kalttatmnner 
, ... uraiil). - A pleannt pall. 


nneer-riDBisj lo I'vi "'i) "" nchaniel (SOSO ft,; Ttew-towei; comp, p. !90), 
in defendiag which Ihe PraBsian Geceral 'on Pfau fell in 1791, Befresb- 
menta may ba obtained at the foreatsr'a bonge. Thenee tbrongb tbe 
THtfin-Tliai to edmtotm (p. S90; 3 hrs.), or tbtoivh (he BbiiAy StOlea- 
Thal (a|/t bra.) or vil BanUwv and ,iJfr«-nHiltr (p, SBBi 3 hrJ,) to 

Tilbige of Haardt, near 

290 Route 36. LAHDA.D. From Ludviigtltaff" 

from the Mubnrc we msr proceed lo (i/i hr.) me vill^e of Jfoitommar, 
(1 hr.) Sdmteben, (Vi hr-) fifuHlI, ud the Filla L*diii<gilMt (bh below). 
Neastadt la a tenainii station. The train next skirts the eit«n- 
sive vineyards of tbe Hurdt district, commanding beautiful viewg, 
eBpeciilly by motnlog-ligbt. — 22i/s M. Maikammtr - Kimoeiler 

SRail. Kestanrant, very fair); to the right rises the Maiburg (p. 289; 
hr.lh>mbera}j farlhei distant is the K^ofmil (2230 ft.), witha view- 
tower [2 hra. from Menstadt). On ■ height more to the S., by the 
vtllage of 8t. Martin, are the lalas of the Kroptburg. 

241/2 M' Xdenkoben (_Goldenti Schaf, with pleastmt garden, 
K. l>/2-2Vi< pens. 6 JH, very fair; Waldhaut, at tbe month of tiie 
Edenkoben Valley, 2 M. from the ilation, B. from 1 ^ 20 pf., pen*. 
from i Jl), a cheerfol little town of 5200 inhah. , with a aiUphnr- 
spring, is much frequented for the grape-cure in autumn. Kesi the 
thriTing village of BAodl, 3 M. from Edenkoben, ie seen the royal 
FiEfa Ludintgthdkc, built by King Lewis I. of Bavaria after Qanner's 
designs (charming view), above which riaee the ruined Bietburg or 
Sippburg. ApleasantTOUteleadshenoe thrODgh thefiuttfnirunn<n- 
Thal to the (3 hrs.) BchSmet (p. 289). 

26 M. Edaheim; 281/2 M. Knoriagen. The train crosses the 
ffueicft, which formed theboundarybetweenAlsace and tbe Palatinate 
down to 1815, and separates the Tosges and Haardc Mts. 

SO'/sM. Iandan(480 ft.; 'Seh\ean ; * Kronprlnt, at the station, 
B. A B. 21/4 jr.- Sorter, unpretending but good, R. i*lf1, D. witt 
wine 2Vi Jli EaU.. BoUl), a town vrith 16,900 inhab. (i/j Protes- 
tanta), was a fortified place at an early period. In the Thirty Yeats' 
War and in the ware with Louis XIV. It was tieqnentl)' besieged. 
From 1680 down to 1816 it remained in the hands of the French, 
after which it was annexed to Bavaria. In 1871 Che fortlflcations were 
removed. In front of the Commandant's Residenoe is the Liiitfoid- 
frrunnm, vritli an equestrian statue of the Prince Regent of Bavaria 
(1892). The town has recently much extended beside the W, sUUon. 

About an. to tbeN.W. ofLaod&n anil 7H. to theS.W. oCBdeDkobeB 
(diligence dtUv from hnih ;- in. .„.4 In. hr. 1 \, iha .iii.m ai nut., 
wella (106& (t.), wtii< 
of IbeVaagBDiWlth a 

which eilsrs (or loni .. . 

of ScHayfentcl (V/, hr.), or to the W. W the Oraubirg <p, 399), both with 

To the right are visible the Madenbnrg, the Trifels, the MSnz- 
berg, and the Rehbetg (comp. p. 301). — 34 H. Imlitim. — 
35Va M. Rahrbach. 

2Vi II. jBUIfirMm-«iMlh>/n.- 3 X. IngtnMm-AppmheM; V/t H. SHnpn- 
//roMtUffm. — ZliBtanmilaitec COcAj), on tbe Klingbacb. at Itae fool of 
the Haardl, bad a Benedlellne canTenl. fonnded In 6IW by Dagoberl U., 
of whlih onlr Iha ehnrch (rebiiiU in 1736) remaim. Kllngenmiimter aim 
i;i)ni»ini ifat sileniive BUIrlcl LmaUi Aiplvia. Above the Tillnge riie« the 
Impaling ruin of Zondu*. The towet on the TntltUtfpf afford! a Bbb 

to StratiioTf. WEISSEHBDBO. 3S. RovU. 291 

Tiew of tbe mosntaliu of the Pilstioale. — From KllDgeamaniteT wf mnj 
«o OD to iantl\miler mid (S'/i H.) SiU, mil UieD Iftke > footpilh leuUni 
to the left to (l>/,lir.) tHe Lindelbrunnet Sclilo.i (p. 301). 

38 M. Windon, JunMioo for Maxau and Cartarvkt (sea p, 361). 

Fbom Wisdkn to Biboj«bekb, H M., nilwaj in '/i hr. Cf»re« 80, », 
SS pr.). — Interniediats itBtlons: £ar»ilrolA-0»arAautni. Kaftatn-Siiitr- 
jKTbach. — BaTfiibenK'ffliKl, R. li/>-3, incB. t-G jI; Cur-Etitl; Wildtr 
Jfunn), 1 town of 2600 inhib., with old hOniM ((. ff- Angel BrewerT) ud 
■ cutle, Is of SonuD origio. To tbe W. <*/, X.) ia t new qnirtei, "lib 
tlie BalUr JfeUi (CoTbiias), i h;drapiithls, and le'eral penBiniu, — The 
YiUtge of J)»tm(cuA, I'/iH. (o (be S., baa ma old BAtbliHni and & sinenUt 
fOTtined duirch. To tbe W. of Durrenbuch liata tbe Sl^itoter; (latO ft. ; 
view), — Dllieenu from Bergzabem once dtilj to (IVi, V.) Balm (p. 301) 
In 3Vi bra. 

421/} M. Sehaidt-auinfeld ; ib M. Kaptvieyer, the l*st BaTBrisu 
ststion. — Tbs train eateii Alsace aad erosaes the Louter. To the 
left »e tbe BlenKild and the Gelaberg [see belotr). — The Intei- 
nation^ through express- train b follow ■> loop-Iina wlthoat entering 
the station of WeieaenbnTg. 

48 M. WetiMnbaiK t620ft; Engcl, Schwan, in the to-wn, Tery 
fair ; HSt. Germania, Diirr, at the lail. gtatloDl, a very anoient town 
with 6900 inhab., mentioned in hlstery as early aa the Merotiogian 
tings, was the seat of an Independent abbey, founded by Dago- 
bett II., down to 1534. Otfiied, authoi of a poetic harmony o( the 
Gospels, the earliest rhymed German poem of any length, was a 
monk here about 860. The Abbey Omrch of SI. Peter and St. Paul 
Is a noble example of the early-Gothic style (13th cent.), with & 
tower above the crowing of the transept, a fine portal, and a bean- 
titnl chspel opening from tbe S. transept. In the Interior are fine 
stained-glass windoirs, of the end of the ISth (Bomsnesque; on 
the S. side), and of the 14th and 15th centuries. It is adjoined on 
the N. side by handsome Gotblo cloisters, which have been recently 
restored and contain a few old carvings and tombstones. The 
Johannii' Kirche, partly Romanesque in style, and many of the 
private hODses are also InterestiDg edifices. 

On ilh Ang 18TO, pari of tbe German armj under tie Crown Prince 
of Prussia gained s decisive victory bere over tbe French ander Abel Dohm. 

were ocenpled by the French, bst were attacked bj FraHiana from tbe e! 

order to form an Idea of t^e nature of tbe ground, the traveDer aboold 
follow the Liuterbui^ road, tnrn to tbe rightabnnt 1 M. from the station, 
erOBS Ibo railway, and proceed by a footpath to the ("/i M.) Oii««l**</ and 
tbe (>/• K.) chSteaa of Oiii^tri, now a farm-bcniie (rfmti.), ronud wblcb tbe 

aide. Douav fell at the top of the hill, un tbe way to which Dumerooa 
graves of the fallen are passed. The traveller may now return by the 

e right from the Bitseb road, ucenda in >/> hr 
tbe lop of tbe Soherhohl [1S60 fl.). From tbe top 
t and regain the road ne^r IhE 7th kilom^re-atone. 
the foDtpatht running parallel with tbe road vli 

zWd Souuae. HAQENA.D. 

Tboh WuMuuDia to LmiMBDio (p. 386), IS H., brucb-ntlwfty in 

■/( b'., vli AcMMIkuI, ailmtwk, JfiederbKlB-iacli, mi ScMtntiord. 

On quitting Weieaen'bii.Tg the train desciibes t, dicait round the 
Geiiberg, sod pBS»e« stutions Biediclt, ilvmpa^, and Hoftn. 

58 H. 8ut% wntcrm Wold (RSesU), tbe hetdquarten of the 
Crown Prince of Pnusis, coniinMider of the Thiid Qenosn Army, 
on Aug. 5-6tb, 1870. — At Lobiann, Ptektlhroim, and Schwi^- 
wciler, ne*i Snlz, petroleum and ssphalt are obtained. — The line 
now ttayaraeB part o( the F^tst of Bagtnou, which Is 46,000 acres 
in extent. 

63Vt M- WaJbnrg, with a fine church of the 15th eentnry. 
Branch-line to (&VtH.) VGr(b(iee below], vi&Biiliihcini, Durren- 
bucA, and JUbriftronn. 

UonbroBD and WOrUi an the beat aUrttng-painU for a Ttsit to the 
Battlefield of Aag. StU, 1H70. — The ceigblxiarhood of UtrilrtKm waa the 
acene of tbe attack of the llth PraagliB Army Corpa and of Che gsllaal 

retreat of the jnfastrr, botiaiulted io Ihe degtracllon of the w bale brtgadB 
of borae. The Oermaia tbsn pressed forward and occaplfd the TJIlaEa of 
£ttiuakaiu«i(,), wblch they afterwarda maintained ngainat tbe attempta 
oftbeFrendi lo retake it. The batueljeld la uow«tndded with mDaomeDta, 
tbe Oneat of which ia the 'BIMtf of Etna- Frtiltrttt, by Hai Baombacb, 
near Mi/mbath (best Tiew of the batlledeld], Near BIsaaahaaaen i> Ihe 
'HaoHaban Tree', where the French marahal had hia itand during maul 
of the battle. 

The lltUe townafWtrth (Wtitiii Sm, fair; oldfioman altar in front 
of the Qemelndehani), which his Bl"en lis name li> the battle, contalna 
lOBOinhab.. and liei on therighlhank of the S«Kr. The Qermana found it 
-- - - :h,aDlataDcatookposi>«sioaoflt(Ta.m.).aa<«ai- 

nnoeenpied by tb 

(nlly leaisling all attempts t 

1 by tbe French on the heighla of FrBsel 

I of Ihe Prnai 

hm/t. faiij, Ihe eenlre of tbe Fiencb poaillon, with tbe headqnartaii of 
KacHahoD, was attacked from all sides almoat slmnllaneonsly aod captured 
between 1 and S p m. Those of Ibe French who escaped death oi eaptnn 
BITectBd a dUordBTly retreat towards d H.) Belchs'liofen (p. 811). The 
Ghnioh ofFrJ>>ehweUerwaa destroyed, bat a new one, the biwei of which 
oierloDki iha whole of Ihe battlefield, has been built. Tbe largeai French 
monament slBnds lo the H. of the road from Worth to Froachweller. — 
Comp. the Map. 

68Vt M. Hageaan (EvnpSiKher Bof, with garden ; Poal ; Andra, 
all near the etation ; Sail. ReiUmrant, fair), with 18,000 inhab., was 
once a ^e town of the Genaan Empire and a fortress, the woika 
of which are partly preserved. The walls were elected by Enp. 
Frederick I. In 1164, The palace built by the same emperor, after- 
wards a fBTourlte lealdence of the Hohanstauren, was burned by 
the Fiench in 16T8. Part of the conspionona Church of St. QtoT^t 
dates from the 12th century. The choii: contains a hags wooden 
figure of Christ, executed In 1488. The fine ttandelabmm of the 
13th cent. , and the modem stained glass also deaecye attention. — 
To the E. of the t«wn and S. of the Hagenaner Weld Ue the artil- 
lery-ranges. — Railway to Saatgtmiind, Heln, and iSaorinicfem, 
see pp. 314, 315. 

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71 M. MarUnHhal, irith a nunneiy, dlssolTed in 1789; 73 M. 
Bitcbteeiler, irith olotb-minufBOtortea (brBnoh-line to Oterliofon, 
Bee p. '298), The train now croisea the Zorn. — 73Vt H. Kuna^ 
fcoioCTi; 75i/a M. Wtyenluim; 79 M. Hordt. 

83 M. Vendenheim, junction for the Surbucg-Zabein 1ine(R. 43). 
Then Beveral nnlmpoitant Tillages, near which are Bome of the 
oatwoTke of StraaBboig. — 89 M. Straiiburg, see p. 3Q2. 

37. From Haanheim (Lvdwigtkafm) to Nennklrclien. 

72 H. RXILWAT fiYdIil»:A( EUthb^ATi) in 2</i-4 hrl.i Ctrea 9 ^ 90, 
6 Jt 30, i Jf 10 pf. (eipress 11 Jf 20, 1 JT 60 pf., 6 jT). 

The tialn CToaeea the Rhine b; the Railam) Bridge (p. 278), 
which afforda a pleasing glimpse of the river, to (2M.) l^dwigt- 
iafen [p. 278). Thence to [21 M.) Henitkdt, see p. 288. 

Nenitadt is the Junction of the line to DCrtheim (R. 35) and l« 
Landaa (R. 36). — The SMtbiQcken line now enten the mountain 
dlstriilt of the WetMch. Fot an bouT the train winds up the beautiful 
wooded laTine of the Speytrbach , and penetrates the variegated 
undatone locka by mesne of 12 tunnels. Beyond Neustadt, on a 
hill to the Tight, stand the red ruins of the Wolfiburg. 

26 m. iainSr«:W-l3mj«nAau(en(PfaUer Hof, vary fair), two 
TiIUges(S600inhab.) founded by Walloon emigianls, with eitensiTe 
ojoth-factotieg. About 1V«M. farihei on, at ^ootentii, apaper- 
maklng village, the valley dividea. The branch to the left, through 
which Oowa the Speyerbaoh, is named the Blmileino'-That ; that to 
the rifht is named the FrankmiUintT-That, and it watered by 
the HoelapeyeTbach. The train ascends the latter. 

Farther on, on a height to the right, are the ruins otNeidenftU. 
29 M. Weidenthat, with two new cbuiches. — 32 M. PriniieiuUln 
(Haffeo), one of the most picturesque points in the valley, with the 
luiaa of a caatie of that name, beneath which the line passes. On 
^e right are the TatfeiiUiter, and In a eequesteted side-valley, 
■1m to the right, the ruin of Diemertteln. 

From Limbrscht |^ hrs.), from Weidenthal (2 hri.), or from Fianken- 
■tcla {S hra.) we may vialt tin Drachen/tis (1S30 ft.). commaDdiDg a flue 
riewi '/] hr. below the lop is Iho SligflHidttrwmen. Thence to Diirkheim, 
b; the Harteoburg (4 bra.) or \lA the Ltrntmre (3 hrs.), see p. 2ST. 

35 M. Hochrptytr (876 ft,), the higheet station on the line, la the 
junction for the Alsent-Bahn to Kreuinach (see p. 170). The line 
penetrates the Htiligmttrg (wsterehed) by a tunnel 1485 yds. long. 

4aM.Kw»Br>lantarn(775tt.j»5cftuian, R. from2, B. 1, D.2l/jrfe; 
KarlAetg, R. 2-3V2. B. 8/(, D. 2 ,J' ; Kra/p, R. I'/rl'A, »■ '/«> D., 
Inol, wine, 2V2 -M; Post; Railway Hotel), one of the chief towns ■ 
in the Palatinate, situated in the hilly tract of the Westricb, with 
48,300 inhab., and eonatderable spinning factories, iion-worka, and 
brewGiles, wag once a residence of Emp. Frederick Barbarossa, who 
erected a magnificent palace here in 1153, The building was de< 

}ivi BoaU37. LAND8TTJBL. 

stroyed during iho SpiDieh Wn of Sueoession, and the site is now 
ocoupled by t. house at coirection. The Protetlant CAureA iritb its 
thiee MweiE owes its (ouadation to the BKDie mouaioh, but io its 
present form belongs to the 13th snd 14th ceataries. It eontalus 
s mubte monDment in memoFy of the union of ths Pioteitant 
cbuichee by Knoll, with in allegoileal Hgure and the ststaes of 
Luther and C&lTin (1883]. The Frovlntiai Muuum, s floe bolldlng 
thelt&lianRenaieguiceatyle, with interesting oollecttODB, is op«n 
Isily, except Frid., 10-12 and 2-4 (adm. 50, on Sun. 20 pC> 

Fboh K>iikbsi.iiiieb» to StiDDEBSHSiM, 35 »., lailwaj In i>U hn. 
faret S.MlOft.,2 JO- From the gtation of 0'h M.) lanyiTU'iiSiat a 

'■" -"-- ■•--'-- •-'}j ]n Vi hr- to &'/, M.) OUtrbira. with a Ciatcr- 

Si ud Don auppresBed. The Bbbe;-chnrch, in 
mpoiing slractDre In the Trangltinn style, was probabl; compleled in 
1220, — IS'/iK' WelfilHn, at Ihe toot of tbt XDniglurt (ITSOft.; ancient 
■■■-;"■ ■ ".are Ihe mlns of JffB. 

olh fair), thB 'Abbej Chui^h 
nplee of the Transition itjle. 
or lbs orieinol edifice, wtalcb was bulll about ilTD-90, only the FhoiT, Ihe 
Iransepta, and two lifle-.psee llfee ehapele now remain, — IB M. Jfedonl; 
26 M. OdtnioA. — SO M. JftiMnMni, anil thenoe Io StaudtrnMm, sea p. ITl. 

Beyond Kaiserslautern the line mns near the 'Kaiserstrasse', a 
road constructed b; Napoleon, and skirts the LandttuhUr Bniek, an 
extensive moor at the base of wooded bills. — 49 M. KIndibatk. 

51 M. Landitohl {Ooldtner Engtl , In the town , R, 1 V(-2, D. 
1 1/2 •'1 with large garden and tbt Sitkingai Hydropathic, pens. 4-6 JK; 
Schloi^-Bettl, R. IVj-2, pens. 41/2 J(, also with a Hi^ropaEAir, In 
the forest ; Burgard, at the station), a bdibII town with 4200 inhab., 
was once a seat of the Sicklngen family, whose castle, with its huge 
walls, 25 ft. thick, lies In rains above the town. Frani von Slckingen 
(p. 169) was besieged here by the Electors of the Palatinate and 
TrSves in 1523 , and lost his life by the falling of a beam. His 
remains were intened In a vault under the church , but the 
monument erected to his memory was destroyed by the French. 
Another has recently been erected by Frelherr von Stnmm of Neon- 
kirchen, and the paths about the castle have been repaired. Keys 
at the forester's. Ftne points in the enrirone are the FUUchhacktr^t 
Loeh, Kohlenberg (tIcw -tower), and Barailoeb (a round of 2'/i-3 brs.). 

Fbom L.hbstdhl to Kdssi., 18 M., branch-railway in HyW bra. (farei 
1 j| 60, i jT 10 pf.). Tbe line inlemectB Ihe L&ndstutler Bruch (Bee above). 
3M. RatmUia: 511. Steinamaea: IK. Jfitdirmohr. At|8'/,M.) (31an-*finrA. 
ualir the attrselive valley of tlie Olan is entered, and rullowed vlt R$hmila; 
eUiabasA-ltaUMbacli, and Tluitbergilegm to (15 U.) AUtngtaa. The iine 
Iben turns in a sharp angle towards the W., and enters tbe Kuseler-Thal. — 
KdhI (jroinitr ^o/or Feu), a busy town of SiOO Inbab., with elolh and 
.other factories. In tbe neigbtiDurbood are Urge ayenits quarriea. 

541/2 M. ffauplituAI,' !)TM. BruchtnUhaach.— H H. Hombnrg 
(795 ft. ; DiimmltT, very fair], a smaU town with 4800 inhabitants. 
AhoDt I'/i U, to the N,E. is the mined castle of Carlibtrg , built 
in 1780 and destroyed by the French in 1793. 

c. Google 

c. Google 

SMrbrdckDn ind Ssirecmftnd' toe p."m — "f K. ZmMetm, m« ] 

Beyond (68 m.] Bexbach tbe line enteTEi productlTe cokl'ilistiict 
la Pmsgii. 69'/* M. WtlUswtOtT. — 72 M. Namkirehen (p. 173). 

38. From Lndwigahafen to Speyer, Lasterbai^, 
aad StruBbiiTg. 

Bl H. From Ladwitsliafen (0 m M.) LavttrbvTt, ordimry Irnin In 
?-3 1iri. (tarei5jr 4a, 3^ IS, S j: BOnf.)j Ibenos la (3S K.) ^(raittiira In 
l>/(-S bT<. (hrei 1 Jf 6U pi., a Jf, 2 Ji). — Eipnis from LudwlgihKfea 
to SlHSBbnrg In 2 hr>. (tMra 13 JT 10, 8 ^ 60, B ^ 10 pf). 

From LtidwlgaJiafen to C7i/j M.) Schi/fcrstadt, see p. 288. The 
line to Speyer diverges here to the left from the Lindsa line (R. 36). 

13 M. SpejM. — XiUnr Btntinu. The Onfral Bialo* (PL A, 1) 
la ibont '/< H' ttoia the nlhed»l, to whtsh the mid Inds la > Blrilghl 
diFecUon; the KhtnUh StaUan of the Schwctilngen line (PI. £, 3) ig only 
V, U. frnm the cithednl. — Onmibv Into the town. 30 uf. 

Hetali. •WiTTBi.gBACBEH Bor (PI. t^ 0,1), Lndwig-Str. 10. &.1-i Jl, 
with gtVdBB-rtinancutl Rhithiiceem Hor CPI- b ; B, S), HulmiUsn-atr. U, 

iarfir, MulmUitn-Str. 

SpeytT, oiSpirei (325 ft.), the capital oC the Bsvulan Palttinale, 
Met neai the left bank of the Rhine, at the influx of the Speyerbaeh. 
Pop. 21,000 C^/jProt.). 

Speyer wu tbe Romta Avymta Nemttitm, hecame an episcopal see in 
tbe 4tb ceol.. and waa frequeotlj tbe FOiidence of tbe German amperora. 
Tbeeilj prospered gieallj under tbe Salle amperori. who repeatedly granted 
prlTileges to the loyal Inhabitants, embellished the old palace, and built 
the celebratad calbedral, whicta was regarded as the buriaNchnrcb of tbe 
Oenaan emperora f[>T nenrly Ave centnrlea. As a free city of Ibe empire 

S>m 1394 oDwards) Spi 

perial dieta held bere tbe most ImporUnt waa thai of 1039, nnder 

--- ■ ■ ■ - snd estaiea who bad eapouaed tbe 

tie name of lYotitkaU, from tbeir 

. .... „_ nsllle majority (comp. p. 29V). The 

oily «a9 daiHtruyed hy tbe French In 168S, and has only recently begun to 

Koiper again. — Edward VIL of England ia lald In have flrit met bil 
(nre irlf* In Speyer Cathedral. 
The 'Cathedral (PL D, 3), the gieat attractloa of the place, is 
open 9-1 1 s.m., and 2-6 (in winter 2-4} p.m. ; admission to the 
choir and crypt, and to the whole cathedral ont of honrs, by tickets 
oiily(3& pf.), obtained from the sacristan. The old-Qetman altai- 
pleee and the cartoons In the Chapel of St. Catharine are shown for 
a fee of 50 pf. (several per;. 25 pf. each). — The cathedral was 
founded In 1030 by Conrad 11. (d. 1039), continued by his ion 
Henry III. (d. 1056), and pracHoally flolshed by his grandson 
Henry IT. (d. 1106). The restorations necessitated by the flres of 

ZW Route 3a. SPEYER. From Ludwigahaftn 

1137,1169, 1II81, and 1450 icaccelf modifled the original chuactei 
of the boildlng. On 31st May, 1689, the town and the cstbedrd 
avaged with fire and sword by the hirelings of 'his most 

Cbristian roijasty' Louig XIV. 
M^ac. After the Teatoration by 
(1772-84), the ehucch was ones 

which ttand tan d Mode si 

ir tba 

under LoutoIs , Montclar, 
le Wurzburg architect Neamann 
Qore subjected to devastation on - 
10th'20th Jan., 1794, and 
waa conTeilad into a maga- 
zine. It was not tm 1822 
that it was at length restored 
to its sacred paipoaes. The 
Ralser-HaUe, or vettlbule, 
with lU three portals and 
large tose-wlndow, wia er- 
ected byHSi^k In 1854-68 
In place of Neumann's fa- 
tide, while the V. towers 
(240 ft.) were completed on 
the iDodel of the E. towers. 
The church is a simple, 
but Tast and imposing Ro- 
maneaqne basilica , with 
nare, alslea, transepts, two 
domes , and four towers. 
Length 147 yds., length of 
transept 60 yds., breadth at 
nave 15ydB., height of nave 
105 ft. The handsome arcade 
at the top mns round the 
whole buUding. (Thevisltoi 
should walk round this ar- 
cade and aeeenil the tower; 
sexton 76 pf.) 

In the Kaiser-Halle are 
niches of gilded mosaic, la 
of tbe emperors buried Id the church. 
.......... ,.... j^j j^^ 

reOEiviag tbe 
in J the crOM 
t ricbt Joba 

: Conr. 


tbs BapUat and the patnter Scbrandolph. 

The •iNTBttioH is adorned with 32 large •Febbcobb, by Johava 
Sehmudatph and his pnpiU (1845-53), representing Old Testament 
events prophetic of the Redemption, scenes from the 11 res of Christ, 
the Madonna, and St, Bernard of Claimui, and numerous single 
flgnres Of prophets and saints. 

la the KiMOs' Gsoib, on broad pedestals, are two large stataea: 

to Straiiburg. SPEYBR. 38. Soult. 297 

right, Rudolph of Hapihurg (d. 1291), ia Tyroleie marble, by 
Schw&nthdei, In a sitting postare; left, Adolph of Naatau {i. I29&i 
aeebelon), in Bsndstone, by Obnmacbt, In ■ knee ting position. On 
tbe right and left of the approach to the principal choir two RtlUfs, 
foimeTly In the crypt, are built into the walla, each containing 
lilieneasea of foni empeion and bearing ancient inscriptlona. — 
The CuPBL OF St. Afba waa built in 1097-1103, but vas after- 
wacda altered. The body of Emp. Henry IV. lay here unbnried 
(ram 1106 to 1111, when the papal ei communication was revoked. 
— The Bai-tibtbbt, Id the 8, aisle, dates from tbe I'ith century, 
Above it (^enlrance from the S. transept) is the CaaPHL of St. Ca- 
niABiHB, originally dating from tbe ISth cent., but almost entirely 
rebuilt in 1857; iceantalns the cartoons for Sobraudolph's frescoes 
and an early-Oarman altar-piece (adm., see p. 293]. 

The Cbyft beneath the choir and the transept, restored in 
1857, belongs in its entirety to the old bailding, consecrated in 
1039, and contains the entrance to the Emperors' Tomb, vhlch was 
destroyed by the French In 16B9. In 1900 careful researches were 
made, and tbe imperial vault Is now in course of reconstrnction. The 
bones of the burled monarehs are, as far as possible, to be replaced 
in their old poillions, and the relfea hronght to light (inclndin^ 
copper funereal crowns, fragments of clothes, a sapphire ring, and 
a cross of Henry IV.] are to be eibibited to the public 

The followioe is a Ust of the royal persoBages buried in Ibis cathedral: 
fffflp. C»mi //. Id. 103B) and his wife (fiiela (d, lOlBI; Shift/", (d. 1066). 
Biam If- (d. llOfl) and his wife BivOia (d, 1087); BB«y V. (d, 1135), the 
laat of the Salic Une ; BlatrKi (d. 11B4), wife of Frederii;k Barbsrosia, and 
their daughter Aenea; FMUp sf SyaMa (d. ISO-lli Rudolph 0/ Bapihmv 
(d. 1291), whoie lombftone Das been preserved; and the rival monarths, 
Adtlplt B{ Saaai (d. 139B) and .d»at /. o/ Aattria (d. 1303 ; p. J86), 

Tbe ancient Chdbcktabd (^Pt. D, 3) is now a promenade, where 
a military band plays on summer-eTenings, Opposite tbe N.E. 
eomer of the church is the Domnapf, or cathedral bowl, a large 
vessel of sandstone, once marking the boundary between tbe episcopal 
and civic Jarlsdictlan. Every new bishop was obliged, after binding 
himself to respect the liberties of the town, to Oil the Napf with 
wine, which was then dronk to his health by the townspeople. Tbe 
fragments of the 'Mount of Olivet', to the S. of the cathedral, con- 
atructed in 1511, are tbe sole remains of the cloisters, which were 
built in 1437-44 and destroyed at the end of the 18th century. — 
Among the trees to tbe S.E. of the choir rises the Heiden-ThiiTmcken 
(Heathens' Tower; PI. E, 3), the Bubstrnctnre of which may be of 
Roman origin. It belonged to the town-wall built in 1080 by Bishop 
Rudger. — A good view of the cathedral-choir is obtained from the 
bank of the Rhine, below the bridge- of-boats. 

The devastations of the French have left few notable buildings 
of antiquity at Speyer. An unsightly wall by tbe Protestant church 
preserves the name of the ancient Rilscher (PI. 9 ; 0, D, 3), an Im- 
perial palace where the diets were held. The 'Judenbad', in a smalt 

299 Bovte 38. OERHBRSUEIU. 

garden at tbe end ot the Jadenguse ^1. G, D, i), dates fiom tbe 
early 13th cent, (key at the town-hall). The tine old g»ta-to»er, at 
the W. end of the Maiimilian'SCrasse, Is oamed the Aitforltl 
(PI. B, 3). Adjacent ia the new 'Protalatiemt-Kireht' (PI. A, 4), 
* omeirdim hutlding In the Gothic style, erected to commemorate 
the Diet ot 1529 (p. 296). 

The muenm of Pnmneial Antlqvitlei (PI- 8 ; B, 2) It in the 
bnlMing of the Rtal-achuU. Adm. 60 pf. (8nn., 2-4, free). 

Tha Ann three foodu to ibe rlgbt GOnl><D Ihs Ifalural BitUry Calti- 
nom. — Keil come two rtMtoi wUh PleUmi, moally of ITetherludUh 

cloding gla/j, wea^pmir bronie. "('Bnll, perhM«"ofGerinaiii(!Oii 'Bail of 
■ Centsar, a Onek orlgtoal, ca. B.C. SCO), ana nnmemui -SiiUIkU Vtea. 
— Booh II. Vmaller Booian aoUqiiillu. CaH-^U »/ Coi'i. ~ Boo- "■ 
^, , ^ .. , ...... ,._, . ._jj j^ (iij p....._ 

Booh it. Coins; Bomaa potter; ; painted atoDS p)aiue9, vith the Tirein 
and Apostlu (Speyer, V^iSi. — Hooii V. PrtMtUrtt A'HqtUHa, inclnding 
ohjects in gold and bronia. AHmnai-mani fTa»liihAi,t(q:^im. — Bf>oiiV\. 
Hirrorgi H-S.; Incuoabula. — Rook VII. An.leDl vlewi of ^peyu, tbe 
eathedral, ate. i matblf dost \.f VerichaffiU [d. 1T93). — RoonVIII. Library. 
— CouiDoB IX. Wooden modal of Spe'er In 1680. FrankeDtbal cUna. — 
■ in thebed of tba Kbine. Bannen. 

hsement is the La^aHtny with Roman inl1eBlone«f tombetDneB, 
iuju ' uu' c BiOBu. — t'a Uie B. aide of ihe building are two Bomao eqi^ei- 

Fiom Speyei the lailway poMeedt jiast BeivAautcn, Btiligtn~ 
ttein. and Lingenfeld to (22 M.) Ommmbeim (Salm), an old town 
[6900!iihab.) at the confluence of the QutKh{f. 299) and the Rhine, 
fanifled since 1835. Radolph of Hapabarg died here in 1291. 

FaoK OiBHauHBiif to Lahdad, ISM., railtray in VH/i br. SUUona: 
Wtithtim. iMlactl. Zitiian, /locAiladl, and DrtOmf. Landm, ie« p. !(I0. — 
To Bntlual, set p. 362. 

25 M. Sondtmhtim ; 28 M. BeUMm ; 30i/a M. RUshtim ; 33'/g M. 
Rheintaban, on the Erlm&ach,' 35 M. Joekgrim. 

39 M. WotIA, tbe Junction of the CarUruhe »nd Landau line 
(p. 361). 41 M. Bagenbachi 43 M. Ifmburgi 45 M. Berg. Tbe 
train tben ciogses the Lauter, which fotma Uie boundary between 
tbe Baraiian Falatlnste and Alsace. 

46 M. Lanterbnrg f B2uincJ waa onoe fortified, and is fieqaently 
mentioned In the annals of tbe old wars between the French and 
Germans. Tbe ElatbhauB contains a Roman altai. BlaDcb-Uae to 
Welssenbuig, see p. 293. 

49 M. Mothtm; 53 M. StU, with a Gothic chapel, thejunctloa 
of a Une to Walbnrg (p. 292). — 58 M. EftMbwoog. JnnctioD of 
tbe strategic railway to Bastatt and Carltruhe (p. 279), continued 
towards the W. to H .genan and Obermodarn (p. 316). 

62 M. Besenbelm (Ocht, well spoken of; Krone), the scene of 
Goethe's intimacy «lth Ftederioa Brion (1770-71). 

The cbuich and paranna«e bare gince been rebuilt. Tba wooded hill 
wltA tbe arboni In which Goethe and Fndeiiea osed to conrerM has baen 

ANNWEILEH. 39. RouU. 299 

porchtsed by ■ nnDT>er of the poet's tdmlrera, ud Ibe arlionr baa been 
reuwed. On tbe 9. side of Uie church ire tbe tombatones of PrederlcVB 
pannta (comp, p. S76), In tba dinrcb t> tbe bench on wblch Qoethe, by 
l^ederica'a aide, 'found ■ somswhat dry aermon noDB (oo lone'. 

66 M. Druienheim; 68 M. Herlukeim, on the Zom; 70 M. 
Qambihtim, mth an old chapel ; 74 H. Waruenati, witll Fort Fian- 
secky; 79 M, Biichheim. —81 M. StTansiuTg [p. 302). 

39. From Landao to Zweibracken, The Toig^s of 
the Palatinate. 

FmoK LuiDiC TO Z"E(BBlicKKS, 45 B., railway io-i'/i^S*/, bra. (RBM.Sndcl. 
3.j:S0, Srd si. 1 Jt 15 pf., eipregs-fares lat el. 6 JT »), Sod cl. 1 ^TTOpf.). 

Landau, see p. 290. The tiHla stops at the W. station, and 
then ascends the yalle; of the Quefch, wblcb sooa conttMU. — 
3»/4 M. Godramrtein. From [5 M.) SithtlHagER ( Adler) a toad leads 
tU BiTkaeiUr, Ransbach, and L«injiEr(ier 10 (31/, M,) Eiehbaeh, at 
tbefoot of theMaaenburgfp. 300). — 61/4M. JlfiwauwifeT. About 
3Vi H. to the U.W. ii the yUlaga of Eusicrthal, with a Romaneaqae 
Olstecdan chnrch dating (Win the middle of the I3tb ceiitnry. The 
Oremberg (19i5ft.). S'/i M. to the N., is a good point of view. 

9V!M. AnaweUer(;590ft,; Schican, R. I'/g-^, pens. iJl, »ery 
fair; B:A6frp,BiiDiUi prices, both with gardens), a small and ancient 
town of 3700 inhab. on tbe right bank of tbe Queich (the stalioa 
it on tbe left bank), Is a good centre for eicurelons among the 
raonntaiDB of the S. Palatinate (p. 300), The KrafprnftU and Bnch- 
holzfelt ate easily accessible poluta In tbe neigbbonrhood. TbeTlew 
Towet on the Bthbtrg (1890 (t.), li/a hr. to the S., la reached by a 
path (white marks). Indicated (teftj by a flngex-post in the mala 
ctraet ot the village. 

From the E. entrance of Annweller a road ('Butg-Sttasse') di- 
Tergei to the S. from the Landan highroad, and from it a footpath 
(blue marks) ascends to the left through wood. The ancient im- 
perial fortress of 'Trifels (l^lfi ft. ; 1 hr. ; rfmta.) was fonnded 
as early as the 10th cent,, bnt the present scanty ruing date from 
abont the middle of the 12th centnry. Trifels was not unfrequently 
occupied by tbe German emperors. Its walla protected the unhappy 
Henry IV., when excammunloated by Pope Gregory 'VII. In 1076, 
and deserted by his nobles It wsj here that Richard Cceur-de-Lion 
la said to have been confined for more than a year (1193-94) by tbe 
Emp. Henry VI., until his liberation was effected by the faithful 
Blondel. After the Thirty Yeats' War tbe castle fell to decay. The 
central cower, 33 ft. in height, and the chapel have recently been 
restored. In cleaning the castte-well, the spring, cat in the rock, 
wesdtseoTeredatadepther270fl. The view la similar to that from 
the Madenbarg, but less extensive towards the E. 

dUU Boiile 39. ZWEIBEDOEEN. The Voigci of 

Tbs hUl occuptsd ij ths Tilteli it the narthernBDit amlnaBU ot > 
cinte 1 K, In len(lh. tbB otlieT two gnmmlU of which bur the rnlia ot 
AtKioi Bnd Sciksr/enierg, the Utter, with lU iqurs tower 66 ft. in hsighi, 
being aSQAti} kd»wi> u the JTOii. A pleuBDt pMh (with bins mwk)) 
■kirtt the a.W. alupe or tbii rugs, poetlni IhcH rulot. Fulher on it 
descendi, bat iflerwarii a^iin wcendi, leiiTing throngh frsgrsnl woodi 
of beHh and ptne. The Wellcrieri reoiBiDe to the lefL In I'h hr. we 
rcftch the ■>d*nliu( (luckll) EicMacher Sclihli: IMOti., rfmts ), aitaatsd 
mboTH the lilisiEfl of E'cbbsch 10 theB., the gctndeit mln in the Bheniih 
PilBlimtfl, tormerlj belonging to the eonnlj of Ldningen. Mtterwurd- to 
the bishopric ofSpeyer, and burned down bj till! French Benernl Monlclw 
in IS^B. The 'View from the M.denbnrg ia one of the fineat ud mort 

the Hidenbnig to ZteUocA, 26 mln.; to Xltitameiutrr (p. 280), 1 hr. 

The nsirow green T»lloy of the Queleh beyond Annweiler U 
encloied by wooded hill*, from whicb the y&riegated sandstone 
protindeB In picturesque and fintutU forme. — ilW.Rinnihat; 
l4'/2 M. WilgartiiBieien, with a haadBome charcb by VolL 

1? M. Hauenitein. — 21 M. HlntertaeidentM' Kaiimiaci 
(Oerstle, very fair ; Rail. Rettaatant), a good centra Jtor excnraioni. 
Diligence four timei dally from Ealtenbach to Dahn (5 M., p. 301). 
— 24'/s M. MiinehvKiltT. — The line now oroues the witerthed 
between the tiibatariea of the Rhine and of the Nahe. 28 M. 
Bodaibm. — 30 H. BitbermiihU (800 ft.). 

BraDcb-l]Deto(4i/]l[., In 20iiiln.}nniuaena(120B ft.-, ^rti'A, R. Ii/r3, 
D. 2JI. well spoken of; Sail. BoUl), an indnaLrial town with 30,000 inbab., 
named after St. Pirmin, who preached here in the Sth centarr. From iT6f 
to 1T90 the Landgrave Lewia IX. of HeMe-Darmatadl had hii leildeoce 

Several nnimporUnt etations. 42 M. TschiffluJt, onoe a Bummei- 
teiidence ofStanialans Leszczynaki, King of Poland. 

45 H. Zweibtttekwi (730 ft.j •ZuwifirQeter Ho/; *Pf&l%tf Hof), 
foimerly the leildence of the Dnkes of Zwelbriicken, and known to 
the literary world a< the place where the Editiotut Biponllruu of 
classical authors were published. It U now a town of 13,700 inhab., 
and contains the ohief conrt of the Bavarian Palatinate, which occn- 
pies the old castle. When Charles X. QnstaviiB of the Zweibriicken 
family ascended the Swedish throne, the dnchy became sabject to 
Sweden, which It con tinned to be till thedeath of Charles XI1.(1719}. 
The AUiander-Kirchx contains the bnrlal-Tanltj of Che dncal honse. 
The Rom. Calk. ChuTcK Is a handsome building in the Gothic style. 

(fares 2 jr eo, 1 ^ 95, 1 ^ SO pf.). t1^ (2 k.) EuU |p. 39fi) and (]3'/i M.) 
St. Infbtn, an indaitrioTis town with 11,003 inhabitant]. The other sUUon* 
are nnlmportant. ~ Saariradtm, gee p. 1T3. 

!iJI,lJIX pf.}. Uahnportagt alaUoni, — Hu. SaargtmBud., eee p. 316. 

From Annweiler [p. 209) a vialt may be made to the picturesque 
mountainous district to the S. of the Qneich, which belongs to tha 
old Vas^au or Wtugentand (p. 826). 

About 6 M. to Che S.W. of Annweiler lies the Lindelbmnner 
SchloH , whicb is reached by the highroad to VoQttrmtileT and 

the PalatinaU. DAHN. 39. Aoufc. 301 

OosiertwelltT , and thence by a path thtoagh the fields. A ple»i- 
sntei but Mmeiiliat longer ioatB(2*/t bra.) dlve^es to the left U Sorn- 
stall, l</{ H. to the W. of Annveiler, tnd leads tbrough the Bitn- 
bach~TKal, paetlng Luji, ScRioanfteim, lud (I'/j hr.) Obtt-SeUitttn- 
6acA (Oenninn, 5 min. to tbe left of the pith, good vine). — Tho-e 
coming &ODI the Ttifela follow the Madenbnrg toale (see p. 300) 
toC/ihT.) the saddle between theScharfenbeigandRehbeTgffingei- 
post) and then akirt the hollov to (25 min.] the stone crosa on the 
saddle to the N. of the Rehberg. Thence thejr descend to (20 min.) 
the highroad, to the N. of Volkecaweiier, 

The ■Lindelbrnnnei SchloM (1445 ft,), tbe nilna of a oaatle 
of the Counts of Leinlngen, stands on an Isolated hill iffoiding 
an nnimpeded view in all direetiona. At the foot of the hill is the 
Inn Ziim Sddotschm. 

About 2M.frDni tbe LlndelbinnnerForsthaas lies VoTdtTineidtn- 
ihcd (ifmta. at the burgomaster's), and I'/j U. farther on is Erlert- 
baeh (Hfit. BetwartBteln, R, IV4 Jl. fair), nndei the shadow of the 
castle of BtTwarltltin or Barbtlattin, recently rebnilt. Near the 
Utter village we join the highroad to Dahn viS Bneetibeig, which 
we follow until we reach a flngerpoEt on the left, indicating tbe 
path to (3Vi M.) the picturesque Drachtnfels, which commands a 
fine view of Sub loss Dahn [see below) and the caetellated rooks of this 
district. We descend on tbe E. side and ascend again 10 BuierUerg 
(Znm Schloaschen), 3 M. from Erlenbacb and 3^4 M. from Dsbn. 
Hence «e proceed, either Ti&Scftindiarrff 01 into theC/jbr.) tau((r- 
Thal. Here we follow the Dahn road for ibonC '/( M. and tlien 
aacend by the aecond ciosa-road on the tight to the Fitelm'oogtr 
MiihU and to (I'/s hr. from tbe DrachenfeU) the ruins of Sdtloii 
Dahn (1110 ft.^ locally called the Etfweiier BcMou. The steps and 
passages are partly hewn in the solid rock. The top commands a 
Btrlktug view of the imposing and grotesque saudstone rocks around. 
— About I'/jM. to the W. lies the pletnreaqne little town of Dahn 
(Pfals Inn , very fair], whence diligences ply foar times daily to 
(5M.) HinterweideDthal-Kaltenbanh (p. 300) and once daily to 
Beigxabern and Weiesenburg (p. 291). 

Those who do not wish to visit tbe town of Dahn return from 
Soblosa Dahn to (he highroad, and descend to the S. through the 
Lauter-Thal to (3 M.) BruchwiiUr. On the left is tbe grotesqns 
cliff known »a the FladcTutiin. One mile beyond Bruchweiler tbe 
Lauter-Tbal is quitted by a read leading to the right to (1 M.) 
Rumbach (Post, plain), and through the picturesque valley of that 
name to (3*/( M.) Boli6n»n (towe, very fair), a village on tbe Sautr, 
with pleasant environa. — From Rnmbaoh we follow the road to 
Xothweiler and take a path (red marks) to the right at a finger-post, 
whioh leads to tbe (I'/j hr.) Wegelnbnrg. (Or we may reach the 
Wegelnburg ^m Schonau in 1 hi.) r 

the ■Wegelnbnrg (1880 ft.), a hiU crowned with the rUins of 

302 RouUM. 8TRA3SBDRO. 

K eastte destroyed by the French In 1679, is the finest point in the 
VoEgM of the PiJatin*t«. The Tiew etnbncM the irhole of the ToBgc* 
Mta. Md extends to the Black Forest uid the OdoDirald. At tiie 
top la \ mountain-indicBtor. 

The bontlsT of Alaiee niiu a few bandied paces to the S. of 
the Wegelnbnrg. Jnst beyond it, about 3/( M. from the Wegelnbaig, 
\i Hie Hohcnburg , built of skilfully -Lewn sqnaie blocks of etone, 
and commanding a view sin i lac to that enjoyed fiom theWegelnburg. 
We letuiQ to the ridge and descending to the left by a flngei-poat 
proceed by the FUckentttinBr Haf to the ('/a 1"0 Flwkenttoin, 
anotbet rocky fastnesa affording a Une view of the Sanei-Thal, and 
perbapa the moat remackable nlQ in the whole diatrlct. Hence we 
deaoend to the (20 min.) Saaer-Tkat and to (3 H.) — 

Lombftoli ( Wdiia Riiistl, plain but good], the teiminua of the 
btanch-llnefromWalbnfg(p.292), and a good centre fOr eicnnlani. 

WejieJnburg and FleckenBtfin. Itade Vie ifewUfiiv™, Klimbactt lEngel), and 
tbe BelurMM [n. SSI) lo (t'/j bn.) Welsienbnrg. 

ADout l>/i br. lo th« s.w. or Scboaan. tn Itae woodi. on lbs olfaec 
(Ida of Lbe bimUt of Wtnii 

..___. ._ ... _.j ^ -^riusiiea 

. acceuibif 

Ted-ioKked path orer the Wangelabaeher Jochhabc. 
bance In >/> be. to Qbiriltinbaeh CSenireldet t FiickerJ, • 
rnlDEd Xliin-Anubir) : a meHlTs nick behind tHe rmt« 
of Mtttihardt. A path leadi lo the B. (to (he left th 
vii ibe hamlet of WIttdtUnt, to (T V.) jafirlhal (Inn), wil 
(he Impoiliig rulni of AU-WimdiUia and Jfea-WimliU^. 
to IfUikninim (p. Sli), 3 U. 

40. StrasBburg. 

Arrival. The Cmlral BaUmt iSMilm (Fl. A, 3, 3; 
S4 JI), a handtoine buUdlng adorned with tieacoei, ii 

Waltbarluslled, and one of tl 

of th 


ger hotels (70 pf.) kad o 

aba (aee p. 309) 

are 1 

waiUng. - ffwdw/ 


n onteide the JMr{><r 

or (lo Kehl), 

UbUIm. M Ihi CenlTBl 


HOt.l Kat.o.^1., Bah 

ohofi-PUli 13, 


lift and eleclrie Ugh 

R, 1 

rom 2V,, B. IV., a. a 

f p.m. S>/.. at 

eup betting, and 


K 2i/rf,B. 1. D.'ijr,-HaraLp« 

r»;. Bahnhor..F]^ ]2 

alM with lift 

l-air healing, K,aiM 

A Jl, with papular reati 

grant! -HoTII. 
a. BJS, B. I'/t, 


loPB, BabDbof^Plal^ 

i, wit 

D. 3, 

7, E. 2^3, B. 'l 

D. ai 

(^,'onpreltndiDei 8 

I, KuhngiBie, well spo 

en of. 

tPl. a; C, 3), In the BroRlie, quite of 

the Brsl-clHS, but rather bo: 

lift Budhol-air beating 

E.S-B, B. 1'/., 

D. {1 

and 6 o-olock) 4 Jli 



a fi. In a quiet and pi 

tnation, wilh ]ift,'R. i 


6^JI, 'Nxieox BocQE 


C, 3), Klebei-Plali. new 

1 C, 8)_ 


h garden, good 

C, 31, June-St.PEtera-Plali : VlOlUTTI 

fPl. 1 


k. bli'h. B. ./. D. S 



ed b; Boman Calbolic 

3), wia lift, 

g,R.:Mi.B. 1, D. 3. omn. >/.Jl 

uji}. Mewger-Sal 

i Kao 

St*io»,ibch aa 

D. a 


8, Wr, E. l'/^5i/»-«; 

c. Google 


TJDlnraltil^-Blr, i 
□if«> (alia T< 


J. CM. 0,3), a-lVriJU. - 

n ifsUtr, Bchifflau 
•Wiemr Cafl, botb in the Broslls) 

SEhlaUBrimue 31. 
Sntkuuta. •Taltntin, AlIsi'Weiiiiii»rktEiO,arit-i:]aH,I>.D^,-«<r^ 
tillsr, lltliiiter-Plati(p. 810); DiMroaiUA. NcDkirchfuu B| iToilimdns 
BradeThobUMlSi BOirtmp. Fuknenuiie ti Xflne)', KInderiplelgust 18: 
Cafl-SaHKinml BUM, Alter Eornmaikt 90, d^. %;b. a</rfi ^. — B«t. 
StrusbBTg beer (TSDDWBed giacs lUS): ra«nu ffnlar. Altar Kornmukf, 
i8(j)fU<((tr, L*nE<-3tr.79.>UDlehbeu:*tematfa.UBlTcnitil3-Plili,l>. rroiD 

d,r ■. B__. ._l.-l.i- WTT-L-- W*.-._ r. ._-..«.-. _ .,. J^gfl^njf 

ogltet BladI 
I; OviinMI, BctOftasli- 

Kurenute !) 
Ban Qudn 

Citadel, end the HeniUdt SUtloB 
~ - 1 OraneETiE from ths stUlQo . 

To tbe Oni^triE from o 

3. 10 

Traiik, 20 pt. — BetwsEK midnieU ud 6 a-m. (he Aitei are bigher, 
TaiaMutei Oaba. Within the tann: 1-2 per), per IWO mitres 00 pf., 

euh 500m. mora 10pf.| !» pera pnTAOin. MFpf, Each STO ra. more iffpt. 

Outaide the cirenmTallation; 1-5 pen. H> pf. per 7fi0 m., 10 p(. For each 

- WaitlDg 

(PI. C, 6) and Ibe , 

1 Tuea. and Frid.. from fi to G, or 6 

le Orancerie (p. 811) on Tata, * Ha. 

lona in aummeF (2fl pMi st theKbeinlust onThnn., 
Foat k Talairaph OfSc* (PI. E, 3) Hohenlotae-Sti 

town 10 pf., to ihe OraneeriB IB pt., elc, 
) in larioua directions ILrough (he town 
lant alarlinB-poiila are the SlOtr-PlaU 

-red by Steam Tramio^t 

Uetcger-Platz and SehL 
Sept. to IBlh Hij: Edmforleit, 
n the BrDgUe or in tht Contadei, 

.iDtnergaue 18. The geei 

ulonally veigh 

umentt of Kleber Ip, 30B) and Ootenberg (p. SW), and the BiogUe (p. 6 
Imperial Palace (p. 812); Univerfity (p. SB); Orangerie (p. 311). 
Entliab Church SoiTice at the i^r-Bealichule, HaDlenlTcl-Str. 

3(M OouUtO. STRASSBDBO. moory. 

BtnubuTK (4T0ft.), the capital of Alsace andOenDio Lonalne, 
tbe seat of the governoi and administiatioD of that pioniace, the 
headqaarten of the 15lh Corps of the Geimui aimy, tbe seat of • 
uDiveidty (p. 313), and tbe see of ■ Roman Catholio bishop, with 
150,000 inbab. [in 1871, 78,130) Inclndlng its gurison of 16,000 
men, is aituated on the III, 2 IS. fiom tbe Rhine, with which it 
is connected by canals. As a medium of commiinication between 
Germany, France, and Switzerland, Strissborg has long enjoyed 
eitensive eommeieial relations. Becently it baa aUo become a 
manufsctDring place of some importance, with tobacco factoriea, 
breweries, engine-woiks, tonndries, and tanneries. 

Artmlerahim, Ihe aldut name uf Slnubnig, dinotw a Celtic seUle- 
meut, nhleb praliably owed ill origin to the ialersaclion hsre of thB toad 
froia Gaol to Vmtr OtnDBnr with Uial along tbe Rhine Taller- 1'he 
RomuuMtablllbadiculnunat thli point (lug A. D.^, which sened, aloDK 
wita JIayeiiFe. ai the headqnartera of the lulcins on the Upper BMne. 
The Bat- 'allaa gMned a brilUut rictoiy ben qvu the Alemunl in 907. 
— Tbe name BIratMwrmim ippeari lowud* the wd of the Bth cent., to 
wU(b period Ibe foundatloD of tbe bishopric is also ascribed. As an 
episcopal lit;, StraesbBrg attained neat prosnerilT Ibroneh tts ablpping and 
trade ui wine. The inhabitants (80,000 in nnmber) o'erthrew tbe bishop 

skill in Ihe ut> oT war enshled them to miintun tbell' posliion, and in 
lUfi ttie; sneceisrull; defeoded their cil; tgainil 50,000 Armagnacs who 
InTaded Alsace nnder the Dauphin of Prance. The Beronoatlon gained 
• rooting at Btrassbni^ In 1520, and far a ceaturr and a half thereaflcr 
the minster las ahnost uninterruptedly used for ihe Protestsat saniiB, 
On 30th Sept., 1681, In a time of peace,. Louis XlV.. who had already 
coaquered the rest of Alsace during the Thirty Tears' War, seized the city 
or Strassburg. and France was ronfirmed !n its posaesiioD by the Peace of 
Ryswyck Id 1697. By (he Peace of PrankfoH, 10th Kay, 1871, the city was 

The UniTeiBity, founded in 156T* was closed at the time oflheFiepch 
Revolution, but was re-opened in 1SI3. Vany distinguished m so haie 
been educated here , and Ooethe, after a prolonged cunrse of study in the 
society or Harder, Stilling, and other talented fellow -glade nis. graduated 
bete as a doctor of Iuhb in 1771. In 1T94 the National Convention sup- 
pressed the Diversity as being a stronghold of the German aleineut u 
Alsace, and Id IKS it was converted into a French academy, which in 
Its torn was closed In 1B70. 

Slraasburg has always been regarded as a place of tbe utmost strate- 
gical imporUnce, and In a letter of Emp. Maidmilian 1. it is termed Ihe 
Bulwark of the Boly Roman Empire, and commended for Its old-4Jerman 
honesty and bravery. Slragibnrg artUlery was famous Id Ihe middle 
ages. The PortiAeatigni were much strenglheued by the French,, who 
coustitnted Strassburg their third great arsenal. The siege of 1B70 began 
•on lath Aug., Ibe bombardment on ISlh Ang. ; and alter a determined 
snd gallant resistance the town eapllulaled on 371b September. The 

{ted by Vauban in 1683^. vi . . . 
while the SMnlAtr on Ihe N, and tha WeiiiUiun 

ImosI entirely destroyed. Theouarlers of the town adjoining these gates 
• nffered terribly, but no trace of tbe havoc cow remains. The Oermao 
fortiacalloDS consist of an eitensive girdle of Afit 

some of them UM. from Ibe town (comp. pp. ?93, SXIJ, and of ai 
ramDart. enclosing a space more Ihac twice the area of Ihe tormei 
Tbe polilical vicissitndes of the city l^nd Iheir external connter 
Its Arsbitsetural Qfaaraotar. Its prosperity as a free imperial city I 
Iraled by iheEnoble Wniter and other old churches and by a tew 
buildings (pp. 306, BIO) andprivala dwellings in the Banalssaaci 

statue of KlOtr. STBASSBUKG. «. Sou K. 305 

cbitttf In the neu Ott cubiin.1 (pp. 310, Sll). A loiuidenblB 
IsTer of ■tractnrei tn (be LoultXV, style wu deposited by tbe ISlb cent., 
vrhen (heaobteue of botb bsnka of lbs Rblie nere Mlruted by Ibe brillianl 
court of tbe Fnnch Ovdlntl-BiBbop (p, 910). Hie plssa were faniisbBd 
bT SBi. it CtHi, Bbmiil. Plnol, ud otber FuiiEuii, but tbe eiecutiaD wm 
entnuted to local srcblteeti. A Iblrd importut balldiog en let in witb 
Ibe recent expuulon of tbe clt; uuder UemuD rule, Tbe monnmeDtBl 
edlScei, nieb u tbe TInlverdtr, tbe Emperor's Pitue, ud lbs new cbnrcbei, 
are accompanied by a growinc number of new private resideneea, cbieHy 

of interest to Briiiab and American TlBltors. 

From the Railway Station (PI. A, 2, 3) we follow the Kuhn- 
guis (electric truDwsy) to the canalized 111. In the Kleber-Stiden, 
to the left, are the Synagogue, a Romaneeqae building by Levy 
(1898), and the old railway eUtlon, now a Maritt (PI. B, IX in the 
left wing of which ie an ludustiial Kihibition (open 10'12 £ 2-6, 
on Son. 10-12.30). 

Crosilngtbe Kranenbuig Biidge, we reach tbe Altb Wsiniu&kt 
(PI, B, 3), which cojitaias a Monumental Fountain, with reliefs of 
the Alsatian poets, Ehrenfried, August, and Adolf Stober (d. 1835, 
1884, & 1892), — A little to the S.W. ie Old St. Peler'i CAurcft 
(Pi. B, 3), a building of the U-l&th cent., with four large rellefa 
in wood (right and left of the entrance) by Velt Wagener (1501). 

The WBiKiii.itKt-SiBAB8B, the HOHB Stgo, its E. prolongation, 
and the Mbubmoabsb, ending at the BrogUe (p. 312), form one of 
the chief arteries of traffic. — At the beginuing of the Bohe Steg, 
to the right, !b the small Eitem-Manns-Plias (PI. C, 3), deriTiog 
itt name from the 'iron man', an ancient cognluuce of StraBabnrg 
to be seen on a houie here. — We pass the Kleine Mettig, recently 
rebuilt In tbe Gennan RenaiBsance etyle, to the Kiabbs-Platz 
[P1.G,3), which is adorned with abionzeBtat&eof Sleberiby Qraa, 
erected In 18J0. The Inscriptions give a brief account of the career 
of the general, who was a native of Strassbuig (b. 1763, mnidered at 
Cairo in 1800), — The so-called Anbette, on the N. side of the 
Platz, was totally deatroyed by the bombardmeat of 1870, but has 
been tastefully restored, the former facade having been retained. 
It vat OTigiaaUy need in part for military parpOMB, and Its name Is 
•aid to refer to the leTellle or morntng-call. The gronudfloor now 
oontalna Ouard Boomi and some shops. The upper floor is devoted 
to the Conitrvatorium of Miutc, and includes a fine concert-hall. — 
A UtUe to the E, is the TtmpU Nmf, or Neue Kirdit (PI, G, S), a 
Domtnloan chnrch of the 13th cent., entirely burned down duriog 
the siege of 1870, but rebollt In an imposing Romanesque style. It 
contains a fine organ, andthetombstone of the mystic JohannTaoler 
(1280-1361). Adjoining the chnroh U the Protatanl Qymnaltum 
(PI. 38), an Institatlon of which tbe Strassburgers have been Justly 
pioad for more than two eon lories. - 

From tbe Kleber-Platz the OBWBBBStuiiiBSH, a bvsy street with 
srcades under the houses on the E, side, leads to the S. to the 

UiKDECKi'e Rblne. ]5tb Edit. 20' 


OiiTBNBBBa-PuTz(P1.C, 3, 4), 80 Galled froiD the Statue of Outen- 
btrg, the inyenttir of printing, by David d'Angeis (1840}. The four 
bas'ieliefs are emblematicd of tbe blessings o( the InveDtion In 
the four quarters of the globe, and comprise likenesses of majty 
celebrated men. The first StrsBSburg piinter was Johaan Mtntel or 
AfmlcCin, vbo flonrished ibont 1458-76, and was perhaps either a 
pupil or aeslsUnt of Qutenberg (eomp. p. 163). — The Qutenbei^- 
Plate is bounded on the S. by the Hfttel dn Commarca (PI. 3 ; C, 4), 
formerl; the town-hall, bnilt In the BenaiBsanca stjle in 1682-86, 
and extended towards the S. in 18G7. 

From the Qutenberg-Flsti the Kramergasse leads to tbe E. to- 
wards the Minster, the W. facade of which, ]n red sandstone from 
tbeTosgeB,producesabrllUant effect in the light of a clear afternoon. 

The nOnetar (Fl. D, 3; JlfonoHi^rium Sanctat Mariae Virglnif) 
is the cathedral of the see of Strasaharg, eald to have been foaaded 
about 600 and dedicated from the very first to the Holy Virgin. 
The earliest building of architectural importance wia begun In 1015 
by Btsfiop Wtrnfter con flopjjurji (1001-27) and continued by Biifcop 
WiUiam J. {1038-47). The date of its completion is not known. 
Repeated fires gaie occasion for the erection of a new cbareh, which 
was begun In 1176 under Biihop Conrad I,, mainly on the eilBting 
foundations, but after a design calculated to make it one of the moBt 
considerable Romanesque edifices in Oetmany. While the apse and 
the transept were slowly progressing, Gothic architecture had be- 
come established In France, and of coarse eierclBed an Inflnence on 
all buildings in coarse of construction. This indaence is apparent In 
the articulation of tbe S. tiaoMpt, in the tracery of its roand and 
pointed windows, and in its elaborate portal. The archltectnre of 
the naTO, begun about 1250 (neatly the same time *b the choir of 
Oologne Cathedral) and flnlBbed ia 1275, Is almost exclusively 
Gothic. '(' The name of tbe architect is nnknown. We can gather, 
however, from analogies of style that he had been a diligent student 
of French architeetore (such as that of the chnrob of St. Denis, 
finished In 1331). He was, however, by no means a mere servile 
copyist, but a thoughtful and original master, who pre-eminently 
surpassed hts contemporaries in bis keen sense of symmetry. His 
work nay be characterized as the first Important manifestation of 
the Gothic style on German soil. In 1277 the citizens, Justly pixiud 
of their recently acquired Independence (p. 304), took in hand the 
construction of the W, fajade. It is in connection with the latter 
that we encounter the name of Ervin von SUtribaeh for the first 
time. Of the origin and training of this master we know nothing, 
and even the accuracy of bis surname 1b questioDed. That he was 
a stranger may be Infened^from the discrepancy of the style of bis 
work from that previously exhibited in the minster. Among the et- 

i In Ibe accompanying plan the RonaoeaLlue parta of (ha bUlding an 
•bown in black, the aaChTc ahaded. ^ 

UiMUT. 3TRASSB0RQ. do. Routt. 307 

tant designs ascTlbed (with more or Usi certainty) to him is one 
(p. 311) wbich accords with the aiecutian ap to the top of the gable 
at the side-portals. The constnictton of the fsfade was long inter- 
rupted hy » Are wUclk serloualy Injured the u»Te In 1298 and diverted 
all Ibe available meani to lu reaoyatlon. Erwin died in 1318. The 
office of cathedral-archllect long remained in his family, the last 

scion of which la aapposed to be Maittr Oerlach, who completed the 
third atage of the towers In 1366. TherBarteT the idea of carrying 
threagh Erwln'a designs for the (a;ade seems to have been giten 
ap, while an Important Innovatloii, the constrnetlan of the platform 
between the lowers, wsi resoWed on. In 1399 Vtrich oon Eruingen 
ot Swsbla, who showed utoidshlng command of the conitTuetlTe 
posilbUlties, began the oTeotfon of the octagonal story of the tower, 
with its lofty window* and bold corner-turrets. To him also is dm 

308 Itoute 40. STBASSBUBQ. AlimUr. 

tke heighteuiug of tlie oitagonal towec by another low Etoiy (1419), 
which completed the substmctiOD foi the ipite. The ideotity of the 
'Juaker von Prag^, who »re »lso credited with work on the towei, 
it uneertslD. Equal techiiicsl ability is abown by the opeii-work 
■pile, constnicted by Johanntt HuUi of Cologne 1^1420-39). 

Tbe work ol (hu foUowing cculurie^ wu conhned to reuovUiun and 
email additiooe. OreU duiaee was caused \>j a coDUieration in l'CI9, bv 
the ranaliciem of the French Bepublicaos In 1793, and by tha Oennaii bom- 
bardment in 1810. All Iracee of (he Injuiy which the calhedrai anataiDBd