(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Rhynchota .."

^ — ^ 

THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA, 






IXCLI'DIXG 



^N-T CEYLON AND BURMA. 



PUBLISMED VKDEE THE AUTSORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF 

State for India is Couyciz. 

EBITED BY W. T. BLAXFORD. 



RHYNCHOTA-Vol. I. 

(HETEROPTERA) 

BY 

W. L. DISTANT. 



LONDON: 

TAYI.OR a:SJ) FRANCIS, RED LlOX COURT, FLEET STREET. 

C \LCUTTA ■ I BOMBAY : 

THACKEE, SPINK, & CO. I THACKER & CO.. LIJIITED. 

BERLIN : 
E. FRIEDLAXDER & SOHX, U CAELSTEASSE. 

1902. 



V" 




TKINTED BY TAXLOE AND FBANCIS, 
EED LIOS COURT, FLKET STREET. 



.-v 



^^ 






PREFACE. 



Although the first of the series of books containing 
descriptions of the Invertebrata belonging to the Fauna of 
British India appeared in 1892, up to the present time only 
six parts have been published. These are the four volumes 
of Moths, by Sir G. F. Hampson, issued in 1892, 1894-, 
1895, and 1896 respectively ; one of Hymenoptera by Colonel 
C. T. Bingham, which appeared in 1897 ; and a small or 
half volume of Arachnida by Mr. R. I, Pocock, published 
in 1900. The eight volumes of Vertebrata, which were 
issued in theyears]1888-1898, are a part of the same general 
■^'ork. 

The slow progress hitherto made with the Indian Inver- 
tebrata has been caused by the difficulty of obtaining the 
assistance of authors who, besides possessing the necessary 
zoological knowledge and an acquaintance with the Indian 
fauna, are able to give the time required for the study and 
description of all Indian forms belonging to a particular 
group, and who have also access to the principal collections 
and to good zoological libraries. 

There is at the present time a fair prospect that the Avork 

will advance more quickly than has been the case during the 

last ten years. The volume now issued contains the first 

part of the Hhynchota or Hemiptera, by Mr. W. L. Distant, 

who has for many years devoted himself to the collection 

^nd study of this large and important order of insects, on 

a 2 



IV PREFACE. 

which he is one of the principal living authorities. The 
present volume is occupied bv an account of the first three 
families of the suborder Heteroptera. It is hoped that 
future volumes "svill contain descriptions of the remaining 
families, both of Heteroptera and Homoptera, of which the 
Indian forms are sufficiently known to enable an account 
of them to be compiled. 

Other volumes on Indian Invertebrata are in preparation, 
and two are so far advanced that their early publication may 
be expected. These two are a volume on Ants by Colonel C. 
T. Bingham, and another on Longicorn Coleoptera by 
Mr. C. J. Gahan. A volume of Land-Mollusca is also in 
hand, and arrangements are being made for further additions 
to the general series. 

^Y. T. BLAXFORD. 

June loth, 1902. 



LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL WORKS QUOTED IN 
THE SYNONYMY. 



Acta Soc. Faun. Fenn. Acta Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fenaica. 
Helsingtbrs, 1875-77. 

Amy. 8c Serv. Hem. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Hemipteres, par 
C.-I.-B. Amyot et J. G. Audinet-ServiUe. Paris, 1843. 

A. M. N. H. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. London, 1838- 
1901. 

Ann. Hofoius. Wien. Aunalen des k.-k. naturhistorischen Hofmuseums. 
Wien, 1S80-19U1. 

Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. Annali del Museo Ciyico di Storia Naturale. 
Genova, 1870-1901. 

Ann. Mus. St. Petersb. Annuaire du Musee Zoologique de I'Academie 
Imperiale de St. Petersbourg. St. Petersbourg, 1896-1901. 

Ann. Soc. Snt. Belg. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique. 

Bruxelles, 1857-1901. 

Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France. 
Pans, 1832-1901. 

Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon. Annales de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon. Lvon, 
1S36-1901. 

Belang. Voy. Ind. -Orient. Voyage aus Indes-Orientales. Zoologie, par 
M. Charles Belanger. Insectes, par F. E. Gruerin. Paris, 1834. 

Berl. ent. Zeitschr. Berliner entomologische Zeitschrift. Berlin, 1857- 
74; 1881-1901. 

Blanch. Hist, des Ins. Histoire Ivaturelle des Insectes, par il. Emile 
Blancliard. Paris, 1840. 

Blanch. Hist. Ins. Hem. To„i. cir. Hemipteres, pp. 85-218. 

Boisd. Voy. Astr., Ent. Toyage de decouvertes de 1' Astrolabe. Faune 
Entomologique, par le Docteur Boisdural. Paris, 183.5. 

Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. Bulletin des Seances et Bulletin Bibliographique de 

la Societe Entomologique de France. (Published with Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr.) 
Paris, 1873-1901. 

Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. Bulletin de la Societe Imperial e des Xaturalistes de 
Moscuu. Moscou, 1829-1901. 

Burm. Handb. Handbuch der Eutomologie, Ton Hermann Burmeister. 
Vol. II. Berlin, 1835. 

Charlesworth's Mag. Nat. Hist. The Magazine of Natural History. 
New Series, conducted by Edward Charlesworth. London, 1837-40. 

Cist. Entomol. Cistula Entomologica. London, 1869-85. 



VI WOBKS QUOTED. 

Costa, Cim. Cent. Sec. decas. Cimicum Reeni Neapolitani Centui-ije 
1-4, per Aclulle Costa. Napoli, 1838. (Atfi 1st. Incorr. vii, 1847, 
pp. 239-281, 365-406 ; viii, 1855, pp. 225-300.) 

Curtis, Brit. Ent. British Entomology, by John Curtis. London, 

1823-40. 
Dall. List Hem. List of the Specimens of Hemipterous Insects in th6 

Collection of the British Museum, by W. S. Dallas. London : Part I, 

1851 ; Part II, 1852. 
De Geer, Mem. Memoires pour servir a I'Histoire des Insectes, par 

Carl de Geer. 7 vols. Stockholm, 1752-78. 

Deless. Voy. I'Inde. Souvenirs dun Voyage dans I'Inde, par M. Adolphe 
Delessert. Paris, 1843. 

Dist. Biol. Centr.-Am., Rhynch. Biologia Centrali-Amei'icana. 
Ehynchota. Vol. I, Heteroptera, by W. L. Distant. London, 1880-93. 

Don. Ins. Ind., Hem. Natural History of the Insects of India, by 
E. Donovan. New ed., edited by J. O. Westwood. London, 1842. 

Dru. 111. Illustrations of Natural History. Exotic Insects, by D. Drury. 
London, 1770-82. 

Encycl. Meth. Encyclopedic Methodique. Insectes : Vol. V, par A. Gr. 
Olivier ; Vol. X, par Comte Le Peletier et Audinet-Serville. Paris, 
1790 & 1825. 

Ent. Month. Mag. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. London, 
1864-1901. 

Ent. Nachr. Entomologische Nachrichten. Putbus, Stettin, und Berlin, 

1875-1900. 
Ent. Tidskr. Entomologisk Tidskrift utgiven af Entomologiska Fciren- 

ingen i Stockholm. Stockholm, 1880-1901. 

Entomologist. The Entomologist. London, 1840-1901. 

Fabr. Ent. Syst. Entomologica Systematica emendata et aucta, secundum 
classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, 
descriptionibus. 4 vols. Johanu Christian Fabricius. Hafniaj, 1792-4. 
Index, 1796 ; Supplement, 1798. 

Fabr. Mant. Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper dedectas, 
adjectis characteribus genericis, differentiis specifieis, emendationibus, 
observationibus. 2 vols. Johann Christian Fabricius. Hafnias, 1787. 

Fabr. Spec. Ins. Species Insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias speei- 
flcas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin, adjectis observa- 
tionibus, descriptionibus. 2 vols. Johann Christian Fabricius. Ham- 
burg! ct Ivilonii, 1781. 

Fabr Syst. Ent. Systema Entomologice sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, 
genera, sjjecies, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. 
Johann Christian Fabricius. Flensburgi et Lipsiai, 1775. 

Fabr. Syst. Rhyng. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, 
species, &c. Johann Christian Fabricius. Brunsvigae, 1803. 

Fallen, Hem. Suec. Hemiptera Suecia;. Carl Friedrich Fallen. 
1826-29. 

Fieber, Ent. Monogr. Entomologische Monographieii, von Dr. Franz 
Xav. Fieber. Leipzig, 1844. 

Fieber, Eur. Hem. Die europaiscben Hemiptera Halbfliigler (Ehynchota 
Heteroptera), von Dr. Franz Xaver Fieber. Wien, 1861. 



WORKS QUOTED. Vll 

Fieber, Rhynchotographica. Ehynehotographien, drei monograph- 
ische Abhandlungen. Sciocoridje, Oxycarenus, Notonecte. Von Dr. Franz 
Xaver Fieber. Prague, 1851. 

Forst. Nov. Sp. Ins. Nov.tb Species Insectorum. Johann Eeinhold 
Forster. London, 1771. 

Fourcr. Ent. Paris. Entomologia Parisiensis, &c., par Antoine Fran9ois 
Fourcroy. Paris, 1785. 

Geoffr. Ent. Par. Etienne Louis Geoffrey, in Entomologia Parisiensis, &c. 
See last entry. 

Geol. Geogr. Surv. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geo- 
graphical Survey of the Territories. Vols. I-V. Washington, 1874^80. 

Germ. Zeitschr. Zeitschrift ftir die Entomologie, von Ernst Friedrich 
Germar. 5 vols. Leipzig, 1839-44. 

Gmel. Syst. Nat. J. F. Gmelin's edition of Linne's ' Systema Naturte ' ; 

Ed. 13. Lipsia;, 1788-93. 
Goeze, Ent. Beitr. Entomologische Beytrage, &c., von J. A. E. Goeze. 

4 vols. Leipzig, 1777-83. 
Gray, Zool. Misc. The Zoological Miscellany, ed. by J.E. Gray. London, 

1831-44. 
Grif&th, An. King. The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its 

organization, &c., by the Baron Cuvier. By Edwai'd Griffith. London, 1832. 

Ouer. Voy. Coquille. Voyage autour du Monde sur la Corvette la 
' Coquille.' Partie Entomologique, par F. E. Guerin-Meneville. Paris, 
1829-32. 

Guer. & Perch. Gen. d'Ins. Genera des Insectes, par F. E. Guerin- 
Meneville et A. Percberou. Paris, 1835-38. 

Hahn, Wanz. Die Wanzenartigen Insecten, von Dr. Carl Wilhehn Hahn. 
Vols. I-III. Niirnberg, 1831-35. 

Harr. Exp. Eng. Ins. An E.vposition of English Insects, &c., by Moses 

Harris. London, 1782. 
Hem. Caucas. Troudy Russk. Ent. Obs. {See Troudy Ent. Eoss.) 

Herr.-Sch. Wanz. Die Wanzenartigen Insecten, von Dr. G. A. W. 

Herrich - Schaffer. [A continuation of Hahn's work.] Vols. IV-IX. 

Niirnberg, 1839-53. 
Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. Horse Societatis entomologicse Eossicse. [^Called 

also'] Trudui Eusskagho eutomologhicheskagho obshchestva v. St. Peterburg. 

St. Petersburg, 1861-1901. 
J. A. S. B. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal : 1831-1864. Part II, 

Nat. Hist., &c., 1865-1901. Calcutta. 
J. Bomb. N. H. Soc. The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 

Bombay, 1886-1901. 
J. Linn. Soc, Zool. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society : 

Zoology. London, 1857-1901. 
Kolenati, Melet. Ent. Meletemata Entomologica. F. A. Kolenati. 

Petropoli, 1845-59. 
Kroy. Nat. Tidsskr. Naturhistorisk^Tidsskrift. Stiftet af Henrik Kroyer. 

Kjobenhavn, 1861-69. 
Lam. Hist. Nat. Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans vertebres, par J. B. 

P. A. de Monnet de Lamarck, Paris, 1815-22. 
Lam. Syst. Systeme des Animaux sans vertebres, &c., par J. B. P. A. 

de Monnet de Lamarck. Paris, 1801. 
Lap. Ess. Hem. Essai d'une Classification systematique de I'ordre des 

Hemipteres, par F. L. De Laporte, 1835. Originally published in the 

Magasin de Zoologie, 1832, cl. ix. 



Viii WOEKS QUOTED. 

Latr. Fam. Nat. Families naturelles du Eegne Animal; esposees suc- 

cinctement et dans uu ordre analytique, avec i'indicatiou de ]eurs genres, 

par Pierre Andre Latreille. Paris, 1825. 
Latr. Gen. Genera Crustaceorum et Inseetormn secundum ordinem natu- 

ralem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisqiie plurimis explicata. 

Paris, 180G-9. 
Leth. & Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. Catalogue General de Hemipteres, par 

L. Letliierrj et G. Seyerin. Tomes I-EII. Bruselles, 1893-96. 
Linn. Amcen. Amoeuitates AcademicA\ seu dissertationes physicee, medicte, 

botanies, antebae seorsim edit* nunc coUectte et auct^e cum tabulis 

reneis. Carl t. Linne. Holmis, 17-19-69. 
Linn. Cent. Ins. Centuria insectorum rariorum. Carl ron Linne. Up- 

saliffi, 1763. 
Linn. Ent. Entomologia. Faunae Suecicaj, descriptionibus aucta. Curaute 

et augente Carole de Yilliers. Carl v. Linne. Lugduni, 1789. 

Linn. Faun. Suec. Fauna Suecica, sistens animalia Suecicte regni, &c. 
Carl V. Linne. Lugduni Batavorum, 1746. 

Linn. Mant. Liuna?i Mantissa. Ex edit. J. J. Eoemer et J. A. Scbultes, 
curante J. A. Scbultes. Stuttgardise, 1822-27. 

Linn. Mus. Lud. Ulr. Museum S. E. M. Ludovica? UlriciS Eegiua;, &c. 
Carl V. Linne. Holmii'e, 1764. 

Linn. Syst. Nat., ed. 10. Sjstema Nature per regna tria naturre secundum 
classes, ordines, genera, species, cum cbaracteribus. differentiis, synonymis, 
locis. Ed. decima reformata. Carl t. Linne. Halas Magdeburghicae. 
1760. 

Lucas, Expl. Alg. Ins. Exploration Scientifique de I'Algerie, pendant 
lesannees 1840-12. Animaux Ai'ticules, par H. Lucas. Deuxieme Partie ; 
Insectes. Paris, 1849. 

MajO", Reise Nov. Hem. Eeise der osterreicbiscben Fregatte ' Xorara ' 
um die Erde. — Hemipteren, von Dr. Gustav L. Mayr. Wien, 1866. 

Monogr. Orient. Cicad. A Monograpb of Oriental Cicadidte, by 
W. L. Distant. London, 1889-92. 

Monogr. Membrac. Monograpb of tbe Membracida?, by Geo. Bowdler 
Bucktou. Loudon, in prog. 

Motsch.. Et. Ent. Etudes Entomologiques, par Victor de Motscbulsky. 
Helsiugfors, 1852-62. 

Mt. Ver. Vorpomm. Mittheilungen aus deni uaturvrissenscbaftlicben 
Vereiu fiir 2\eu-Yorpommern uud Eiigen in Greifswald. Berlin, 1869- 
1901. 

Muls. &, Rey. Pun. France. Histoire Xaturelle des Punaises de France, 
par E. Mulsant et CI. Eey. Paris, 1865-79. 

Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. Ts'atuurkundig Tijdscbrift voor Xeder- 
landscb-lndie. Batavia. 1850-1901. 

Nietn. Enemies of Coffee Tree, ^'ietner on '• Enemies of CoflPee Tree." 
1864. 

Nov. Act. Acad. Leop. Kova Acta Pbysico-medica Academiae Caesarea- 
Leopoldiuo-Caroliuit' Naturae Curiosorum. Yratislarite et Bonnse. 
1836-70. 

Ci fv. Finska Vet. Soc. Forh. Ofversigt af Finska Yetenskaps-Societetens. 
Forbandlingar. Helsiugfors, 1838-1901. 

dfv. Vet. Ak. Forh. Ofversigt af k. Svenska Yetenskaps-Akademiens. 
Forbandlingar. Stockholm, 1845-1901. 



WORKS QUOTED, IX 

Oschan. Zoogeogr. Char. Faun. Polusch. Turkest. The Zoo- 
geographical Character of tlie Fauna of the Hemiptera of Turkestan. 
(This publication is printed in Russian Characters.) Tashkent, 1891. 

Palis, de Beauv. Ins. Insectes recueillis en Afrique et en Amerique dans 
les royauuies d'Oware et de Benin, a Saint-Domingue et dans les Etats 
Unis pendant les anneea 1786-1797, par A. M. F. I. Palisot de Beauvois. 
Paris, 1805-21. 

Poda, Ins. Mus. Gr. Insecta Musei Graecensis, &c. N. Poda von 
Nehaus. Grfccii, 1761. 

Proc. Ac. N. S. Phil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1841-1901. 

Proc. A. S. B. Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta, 
1865-1901. 

Puton, Cat. Catalogue des Hemipterea d'Europe, par le Dr. A. Puton. 
Paris, 1875. 

Puton, Synops. Synopsis des Hemipteres-Heteropteres de France, 
par le Docteur Puton. Paris, 1878-80. 

P. Z. S. Proceedings of tlie Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of 
London. London, 1830-1901. 

B-amb. Faun. ent. Andal. Faune entomologique de I'Andalousie, par 
J. P. Rambur. Paris, 1842. 

Rend. Ac. Nap. Rendiconto dell' Accademia delle Scienze fisiclie e mate- 
uiatiche (Sezione della Societa Reale de Napoli). Napoli, 1862-1001. 

Rep. Voy. ' Challenger,' Zool. Report of the Scientific Results of the 
Voyage of H.M.S. 'Challenger.' Zoology, Tol. VII, pt. xix, by Dr. F. 
Buchanan White. London, 1883. 

Rev. d Ent. | Revue d'Entomologie, publiee par la Societe fran9aise 
Rev. Ent. Fr. J d'Entomologie. Caen, 1882-1901. 

Rev. Zool. Revue Zoologique par le Societe Cuvierienne ; publie sous la 
direction de M. Guerin-MeneviUe. Paris, 1838-48. 

Royle's 111. Bot. Himal. Illustrations of the Botany and other branches 
of the Natural History of the Himalayan Mountains, &c., by John Forbes 
Royle. London. 1833-39. 

Schrank, En. Ins. Austr. Enumeratio Insectorum Austriae indigenorum, 
von Franz von Paula von Schrank. August;\i Vindelicornm, 1781. 

Schrank, Fauna Boica. Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in 
Baiern einheimischen uud zahuien Thiere, von Franz von Paula von 
Schrank. 3 vols. Niirnberg, 1798-1804. 

Sec. Yark. Miss., Rhynch. Scientific Results of the Second Yai-kand 
Mission ; based upon the Collections and Notes of the late Ferdinand 
Stoliczka. Rhynehota, by W. L. Distant. Calcutta, 1879. 

Silb. Rev. Ent. Revue Entomologique, edited by Gustav Silbermana. 
Strasbourg & Paris, 1833-7. 

Spin. Ess. Essai sur les Genres d'Insectes appartenants a i'ordre des 
Hemipteres, Linn., ou Rliyngotes, Fabr., et a la section des Heteropteres, 
Dufour. MaxiniiJien Spinola. Genes, 1837. 

Spin. Gen. d'Ins. Atr. Di alcuni generi d'Insetti Arthrodignati 
nuovamente proposti. Maximilien Spinola. Modena, 1850. 

Stal, Bid. till Rio-Jan. Hem. Bidrag till Rio Janeiro-traktens 
Hemipter-fanna. Dr. Carl Stal. Stockholm, 1858. (Kongl. Svensk. 
Vetensk.-Ak. Handl. N.S. ii, pt. 2, iii, pt. 2.) j 



X WOEKS QUOTED. 

Stal, En. Hem. Er.umeratio Hemipterorum, Bidrag till en Forteckning 
ofver alia liittills kanda Hemiptera, jemte Sjstematiska meddelanden at" 
Carl Stal, I-V. Stockholm. Published originally in Kongliga Svenska 
Vetenskaps-Ak. Handlingar, N.S. Part I, vol. ix, no. 1, 1870; Part II, 
vol. X, No. 4, 1872 ; Part III, vol. xi, No. 2, 1873 ; Part IV, vol. xii. 
No. 1, 1874 ; Part V, vol. xiv, No. 4, 1876. 

Stal, Freg. Eug. Resa, Ins. Hem. Hemiptera. Kongl. Svenska Fregattens 
Eugeniesre?a onikring Jorden. Dr. Carl Stal. Stockholm, 1851-3. 

Stal, Hem. Afr. Hemiptera Africaua descripsit. Carolus Stfil. 4 vols. 
Holmi;i3, 18(;4-6. 

Stal, Hem. Fabr. Hemiptera Fabriciana. Fabricianska Hemipterarfcer, 
ef'ter de i Ivupenhamn och Kiel forvarade typexemplaren granskade och 
beskrifne, af Carl Stal. Part I, Kongl. Svensk. Vetensk.-Ak. Handl. N.S. 
vii, No. 11 (1868) ; Part II, op. cit. viii, No. 1 (1869). Stockholm. 

Stett. ent. Zeit. Entomologiscbe Zeitung heraiisgegeben von dem 
entomologische Vereine zu Stettin. Stettin, 1840-1901. 

StoU, Pun. Natuuilyke en naar't Leeven naauwkeurig gekleurde Afbeeld- 
ingen en Beschryvingender Cicaden en Wantzen in alle vier Waereld.* 
deelen E-jropa, Asia, Africa en America huishoudende, by een verzameld 
en besehreeven door Caspar StoU. Representation exactement coloriee 
d'apres nature des Cigales et des Punaises, &c. Amsterdam, 1788-90. 

Sulz. Gesch. Ins. Abgekiirzte Geschichte der Insecten nach dem Linneischen 
System. Johann Heinrieh Sulzer. Wintertbur, 1776. 

Termesz. Fiizetek. Termeszetrajzi Fiizetek, kiadja a Magyar nemzeti 

Muzeum. Budapest, 1877-1901. 
Thon, Archiv. Entomologiscbes Archiv, ed. by Dr. Theodor Tbon. 

1827-30. 
Thunb. Hemr. rostr. Dissertatio Entomologica de Hemipteris rostratis 

Capensibus, af Carl Peter Thunberg. Upsaliaj, 1822. 

Thunb. Nov. Ins. Sp. Novaa Insectorum species descripta;, af Carl 
Peter Thunberg. Upsal., 1784= 

Tijdschr. Ent. Ned. Ind. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch- 
Indie. Batavia, 1850-1901. 

Tr. E. S. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 
London, 1836-1901. 

Troudy Ent. Rcss. Horaj SucietatisentomologicseRossica!. [^Called echo'] 
Trudui Russkaglio entomologhicheskagho obsbchestva v. St. Peterburg. 
St. Petersburg. 

Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien. Verhandlungen der k.-k. zoologiscb-botanischen 
Cesellschaft in Wien. Wien, 1852-1901. 

Versl. Ak. Amst. Nat. Verslagen en Mededeelingen der k. Akademie van 
Wetenschappen Al'deeling Natuurkunde. Derde Reeks. Amsterdam, 
1853-1901. 

Voet. Col. Catalogus Systejnaticus Coleopterorum. J. E. Voet. La Haye, 

1818. 

Voll. Faun. Ind. Neerl. Essai d'une Faune Entomologique de I'Archipel 
Indo-Neerlandais, par Snellen van VoUenhoveu. La Ha3-e, 1863-68. 

Walk. Cat. Het. Catalogue of the Specimens of Hemiptera Heteroptera in 
the Collection of the British Museum. Vols. I-VIII, by Francis Walker. 
Loudon, 1867-73. 

Walk. Ins. Saund. Insecta Saundersiana, or Characters of undescribed 
Insects in the Collection of William Wilson Saunders, by Francis Walker. 
London, 1858. 



WOEKS QUOTED. XI 

Walk. List Horn. List of the Specimens of Homopterous Insects in the 
Collection of the British Museum. Parts I-IV, and Suppl., by Francis 
Walker. London, 1850-8. 

Waterh. Aid. Aid to the Identification of Insects. Ed. bv C. O. Waterhouse. 
London, 1880-90. 

Weber, Obs. Ent. Observationes Entomologies;, continentes novorum qua) 
condidit generum characteres et nuper dectectarum specierum de- 
scriptiones. Friedrich Weber. Kilite, 1801. 

Westw. Arcana Ent. Arcana Entomologica ; or Illustrations of new, rare, 
and interesting insects, by J. O. Westwood. 2 vols. London, 1845. 

Westw. Cab. Or. Ent. The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology, &c., by 
J. O. Westwood. London, 1848. 

Westw. in Don. Ins. China. Natural History of the Insects of China, 
by E. Donovan. Edited by J. O. Westwood. London, 1842. 

Westw. in. Hope Cat. Catalogue of Heraiptera in the Collection of the 
Key. F. W. Hope, by J. O. Westwood. London : Part I, 1837 ; Part II, 
1842. 

Westw. Thesaurus Ent. Thesaurus Entomologicus Osoniensis, by 
J. O. Westwood. Oxford, 1874. 

Wien. ent. Zeit. Wiener entomologische Zeitung. Wien, 1882-1901. 

Wolff, Ic. Icones Cimicum descriptionibus illustrate. Johann Friedricb 
Wolff. Erlanga;, 1800-n. 

Zool. Jour. Zoological Journal. London, 1825-35. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Order RHYNCHOTA. 



Suborder Heteroptera .... 1 

Fam. 1. PKNTATOMIDiE .... 1 

Subfam. 1. Plataspidincc .... 3 

1. Codronchus, Dts^ 4 

1. andamanensis, Dist. . . 5 

2. Cratoplatys, Montand. . . 5 

1. gestroi, Montand o 

3. Tarichea, Stdl 

1. nitens, Dull 6 

4. Oncylaspis, Stdl 7 

1. ruficeps, Dall 7 

5. Ponsila, Stdl 7 

1. montana, Dist 8 

n1 6. Bracliyplatys, Boisd 8 

1. cingalensis, Stdl 9 

2. humeralis, Montand. . . 9 

3. pauper, Voll 9 

4. vahlii, Fahr 10 

5. radians, Voll 10 

6. subaeneus, Westic 11 

7. punctipes, Montand. . . 11 

8. carolinse, Ath 11 

9. silpboides, Fabr 12 

10. burmeisteri, Dist 12 

11. funebris, Z)«5^ 13 

7. Vigetus, Dist '. . 13 

1. typicus, Dist 14 

8. Tiarocoris, Voll 14 

1. contestatus, Montand. 14 

2. consertus, Dist 15 

3. luminatus, Montand. . . 15 

4. signatus, Dist 15 

Y 9. Fieberisca, Montand 16 

1. ornata, Montand. .... 16 



Page 

10. Coptosoma, Laj) 17 

1. ceylouicum, Dohrn . . 17 

2. rugulosum, Dist 18 

3. cicatiicosum, Dull. .... 18 

4. priscum, Dist 19 

5. duodecimpunctatuni, 

Germ 19 

6. denticeps, Montand. . . 19 

7. letbierryi, Montand. . . 20 

8. modigliani, Montand. . 20 

9. distant!, Mo7itand 20 

10. contectum, Montand. . . 21 

11. varium, Montand 21 

12. ramosum, Walk 21 

18. saniosum, Dist 22 

14. cribrarium, Fabr 22 

15. sparsum, Montand. . . 23 

16. nilgirense, Dist 23 

17. pravum, Montand 24 

18. pardaliuum, Stdl .... 24 

19. limbatum, Montand. . . 24 

20. abbreviatum, Montand. 25 

21. signaticolle, Montand. . 25 

22. amyoti, Montand 25 

23. libidinosum, Montand . 26 

24. sphserula, Germ 26 

25. parvulum, Dall 26 

26. assamense, Atk 27 

27. biosculatum, Montand. 27 

28. caudatum, Montand. . . 27 

29. pulcbellum, Montand. 28 

30. W, Montand 28 

31. margheritse, Dist 29 

32. cardoni, Montand 29 

33. erosum, Montand 30 

34. nepalense, W'estio 30 

35. siamicum, Walk -30 

36. brunneum, Atk 31 

37. noualbieri, Montand. . 31 

38. breve, Walk 32 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

39. laticeps, Ball 32 

40. distigmum, Montand, , 32 

41. integrum, Walk 33 

42. indicum, Leth 33 

43. nazira;, Atk 33 

44. feanum, Montand 33 

45. fimbriatum, Dist 34 

46. testaceiun, Walk 34 

47. pernobile, Dist 34 

48. nobile, Dokrn 35 

49. solitarium, Montand. . . 35 

50. tenasserimense, Mont. . 35 

51. ophthalmicum, Mont. . 36 

11. Tropidotylus, Stdl 36 

1. fasciolatus, Stdl 36 

12. Bozius, Dist 37 

1. exsiccus, Dist 37 

2. respersus, Dist 38 

Subfam. 2. Scutellerince .... 38 

Div. 1. Elvisuraria 39 

1. Oxyprymna, Stdl 39 

1. spiuolfB, Sigti 39 

2. Solenostethium, Sjnn 40 

1. rubropunctatum, Guer. 40 

Div. 2. Sphserocoraria . . 40 

1. Hyperoncus, Stdl 41 

1. lateritius, Westiv 41 

2. imifoniiis, Dist. 41 

Div. 3. Scutelleraria 42 

1. Cantao, Amy. et Serv 42 

1. ocellatus, Thunb 43 

2. Pcecilocoris, Dall. 44 

1. latus, Dall 44 

2. balteatus, Dist 45 

3. bardwickii, West 45 

4. drursei, Linn 45 

5. childreni, White 46 

6. crowleyi, Dist 40 

7. pulcber, Dall 47 

8. obesus, Dall. 47 

9. purpurascens, Westio.. , 47 

10. interruptus, Westiv. . . 48 

11. ornatus, Dall 48 

12. rufigenis, Dall 49 

3. Tetrarthria, Dall. 49 

1. variegata, Dall 49 

2. varia, IValk 50 

4. Scutellera, Lam .50 

1. fasciata, Panz 60 

2. nobilis, Fabr 51 

5. Bracbyaulax, Stdl 52 

1 . oblonga, Westtv 52 



Page 

6. Callipbara, Ge)-m 53 

1. nobilis, Linn 53 

2. excellens, Burm 53 

7. Cbrysocoris, Hahn 54 

1. grandis, Thtmh 54 

2. superbus, Dall 55 

3. spilogaster, Walk 56 

4. nicobarensis, Dist 56 

5. atriventris, Atk 56 

6. stockerus, Linn 57 

7. patricius, Fahr 57 

8. purpureus, Westtv 58 

9. stollii, Wolff 58 

10. ornatus, Dall. 59 

11. marginellus, Westtv. . . 59 

12. simplex, Atk 59 

13. pulcbellus, Dall. .... 59 

14. andamanensis, Atk. . . 60 

15. fascialis, White 60 

16. eques. Fab?- 61 

17. dilaticollis, Guer 62 

8. Lamprocoris, Stdl 62 

1. lateralis, Guer 63 

2. roylii, Westtv 63 

3. spiniger, Dall. 64 

9. Fitba, Walk 64 

1. ardens. Walk 04 

Div. 4. Tetyraria 65 

1. Hotea, Ami/. ^ Serv 65 

1. curculionoides, Herr.- 

Sch 65 

2. nigrorufa. Walk 66 

2. Deroplax, Mayr 66 

1. diffusa. Walk C6 

Div. 5. Odontotarsaria. ... 67 

1. Alpbocoris, Germ 67 

1. lixoides, Germ 67 

Div. 6. Eurygastraria . . . . 68 

1. Eurygaster, Lap 68 

1. maura, Linti 68 

2. Melanodema, Jakoivl 69 

1. apicifera, Dist 69 

Div. 7. Odontoscela r ia .. 70 

1. jVi-ctocoris, Germ 70 

1 . incisus, Stdl 70 

Subfam, 3. Graphosotnatina . . 70 

1. Bracliycerocoris, Costa . . 71 

1. camelus, Costa 71 

2. Eobanus, Dist 72 

1. typicus, Dist 72 

3. Podops, Laj} 72 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

1. coarctata, labr I'S 

2. lurida, Burm 74 

3. obscura, Dall 74 

4. affinis, Hagl 74 

5. ceylonica, Dist 75 

6. serrata, Voll 75 

7. dentata, Dist 75 

8. limosa, Walk 76 

9. ocliracea, Dist 76 

10. nigra, Z)«// 76 

11. scutellata, Scott 77 

12. bispinosa, Fabr 77 

4. Storthecoris, Horv 77 

1. nigriceps, Horv 78 

5. Araauropepla, Stdl 78 

1. denticulata, Hagl 79 

6. Melanopliara, Stdl 79 

1 . dentata, Hagl 79 

2. spiuifera, Westw 80 

7. Aspidestrophus, Stdl .... 80 

1. morio, Stdl 80 

2. lineola, Voll. 80 

Subfam. 4. Cydnince 81 



1. 


Cephalocteus, Dufour . . 


82 




1. melolonthoides,»S'c7«o(^;^e 


83 


2 


Stibaropus, Dall 


84 




1. molginus, Schiodte. . . . 


84 




2. tabulatus, Schiodte. . . . 


85 




3. caUidus, Schiodte .... 


85 




4. minor, TFalk 


85. 


3. 


Lactistes, Schiodte 


86 




1. rastellus, Schiodte .... 


86 




2. vicinus, Sign 


87 




3. tnincato-sei-ratus, Sign. 


87 


4. 


Scoparipes, Sign 


88 




1. lougirostris, Sign 


88 


5 


Adrisa, Ajng. 4' Serv 


89 




1. magna, Uhler 


89 


(5. 


Cydnus, Fabr 


90 




1. nigritus, Fabr 


90 




2. indicus, Westw 


90 




3. ceylonicus, Mayr 


91 




4. nigroaeneus, Walk. . . 


92 




5. borrei. Sign 


92 




6. varians, Fabr 


92 




7. maurus, Dall. 


92 




8. perpiinctatus, Sign. . . 


93 




9. bengalensis, Let'h 


93 




10. scutellatiis, Dohrn .... 


93 


7 


Gampsotes, Sign 


94 




1. parallelus, Sign 


94 


a 


. Macroscytus, Fieber .... 


94 




1. brunneus, Fabr 


95 




2. badius, Walk 


95 




3. transversus, Burvi. . . 


96 



Page 

4. subaeneus, Dall 96 

5. expansus, Sign 97 

6. foveolus, Dall 97 

9. Geotomus, Muls. ^- Bey . . 98 

1. p5'gmfeus, Dall 98 

2. apicalis, Dall 99 

3. abdominalis. Sign 99 

10. Fromundus, Dist 99 

1. opacus, Dist 100 

11. Brachypelta, Amy. Sf Serv. 100 

1. aterrima, Forst 101 

12. Heurnius, Dist 101 

1. typicus, Dist 102 

2. erebus, Dist 102 

13. Garsauria, Walk 102 

1. aradoides, Walk 103 

14. Cydnopeltus, Sig7i 103 

1. minutus, Dist 103 

2. incisus, Dist 104 

15. Chilocoris, Mayr 104 

1. nitidus, Mayr 105 

2. piceus, Sign 105 

3. parumpunctatus, Sign . 106 

16. Peltoxys, Sign 106 

1. brevipennis, Fabr 106 

17. Nishadana, Dist 107 

I. typica, Dist 107 

18. Sehirus, Amy. S,- Serv. . . 108 

1. orientalis, Dist 108 

. Subfam. 5. Pentatomince .... 109 

Div. 1. Halyaria 109 

1. Dalpada, Amy. ^- Serv. . . 110 

1. oculata, Fabr 110 

2. uigricollis, Westw Ill 

3. affinis, Dall. 112 

4. jugatoria, Leth 112 

5. varia, Dall 112 

6. mirabilis, Dist 113 

7. clavata, Fabr 113 

8. versicolor, ^(9>T.-»S'c7i. . . 114 

9. pilicornis, Stdl 114 

10. brevivitta, Walk 114 

II. confusa, Dist 115 

2. Apodiphus, Spin 115 

1. pilipes, Horv 116 

3. Surenus, Dist 116 

1. normalis, Dist 117 

4. Erthesina, Spin 117 

1. fullo, Thunb 117 

2. acuminata, Dall 118 

3. guttata, Fabr 118 

5. Halys, Fabr 119 

1. dentatus, Fabr 119 

2. nilgiriensis, Dist 120 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

6. Agseus, Dall 120 

1. tessellatus, Dall 121 

2. niinius, Dist 121 

7. NGvisanus, Dist 122 

1. altenians, Westtv 122 

2. nagaensis, Dist 123 

3. tectus, Walk 123 

8. Asyla, Walk 123 

1. indicatrix, W rt/A- 124 

2. fefe, Dist. 124 

9. Oi'thoscliizops, Sjmi 124 

1. assimilis, Westw 125 

Div. 2. Sciocoraiia 125 

1. Sciocoris, Falkm 125 

1. inclicus, Dall. 12G 

2. lateralis, Fieb 12G 

3. lewisi, Dist 126 

2. Menedemus, Dist 127 

1 . hieroglyphicus, D/sf . . . 127 

Div. 3. Doi-piaria 128 

1. Dorpius, Dist 129 

l.indicus, i)is/; 129 

2. Laprius, StSl 129 

1. vaiiconiis, Dall 130 

2. antennatus, Dist 130 

3. Neodius, Bevffr 131 

1. obsciirus, Dist 131 

4. Hippota, Jier(/r 131 

1. dorsalis, Stdl 132 

5. ^diuis, Dall 132 

1. obscurus, Dall 133 

2. ventralis, Dall. ...... 133 

G. Preetextatus, Dist 134 

1. typicus, Dist 134 

7. \ii\kcus,Disf.. 134 

1. nigricans, 7>/s^ 135 

Div. 4. Dymantaria 135 

1. Bonacialis, Dist 136 

1. dixoni, Disf 136 

2. Gulielmus, Dist 137 

1. laterariiis, Dist 137 

2. marmoratus, Dist 138 

3. ^liomorplia, Stdl 138 

1. lineaticollis, Westw. . . 139 

4. Adria, Stdl 139 

1. parvula, Da//' 139 

Div. 5. Mecidaria 140 

1. Mecidea, Dall 140 

1. indica, i>«// 140 

2. yEuaria, Stdl 141 

1. elongata, Dall 141 



Page 

Div. 6. Amyntaria 142 

1. Halyabbas, Dist 142 

1. unicolor, Dist 143 

2. Belopsis, Dist 143 

1. unicolor, Dist 144 

3. Atnyntor, Stal 144 

1. obscurus, Dall 144 

4. Sennertus, Dist 145 

1. typicus, Dist 146 

5. Ochrophara, Stdl 146 

1. corinna, Kirby 146 

2. montana, Dist 147 

6. Paramecus, Fieb 147 

1. ruficornis, Fieb 148 

Div. 7. Carpocoraria .... 148 

1. Cappasa, Ellenr 14& 

1. taprobanensis, Dall. . . 149 

2. Mormidella, Horv 150 

1. pauli, Horv 150 

3. Nip^e, Stdl 150 

1. subferruginea, Westtv. . 151 

2. vittativentris, Stdl .... 151 

4. Halyomorpba, Mayr .... 152 

1. picus, Fabr 152 

2. scuteilata, Dist 153 

3. murrea, Dist 153 

5. Tolumnia, Stdl 153 

1. latipes, Dall 154 

2. maxima, Dist 154 

3. autennata, Dist 155 

4. immaculata, Dist 155 

6. Palomena, Muls. ^ Hey . . 155 

1. viridissima, Poda .... 156 

2. reuteri, Dist 156 

3. spiuosa, Dist 157 

4. imicolor, Westw 157 

7. Carpocoris, Kole7} 157 

1. nigricornis, Fabr 158 

2. pallidus, Dall 158 

8. Oodophila, 3Iuls. ^- Rey. . 158 
1. maculicollis, Dall 158 

9. Dolycoris, M%tls. ^- Rey . . 159 

1. baccariim, Linn 159 

2. iudicus, Stdl 160 

Div. 8. ^scbrocoraria . . 160 

1. Scylax, Dist 160 

1. porrectus, Dist 161 

2. ruacriuus, Dist 161 

2. iEschrocoris, Beryr 162 

1. obscurus, Dall 162 

2. tuberculatus, Stdl .... 163 

3. ceylonicus, Dist 163 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Div. 9. Eusarcocoriaria ., ]63 

1. Sepontia, Stdl 164 

1. stigmatica, Dist 164 

2. variolosa, Walk 165 

2. Eusarcocoris, Stdl 165 

1. guttiger, TJmnb 165 

2. montivagus, Dist 166 

3. aenescens, Walk 166 

4. rosaceus, DiM 167 

5. ventralis, Westic 167 

6. inconspicuus,^e/v.-»S'c7/. 167 

7. sindellus, Dist 168 

8. diibius, Dall 168 

9. capitatus, Dist 169 

3. Hermolaus, Dist 169 

1. typicus, Dist 170 

4. Carbula, Stdl 170 

1. crassiventris, Dall 170 

2. indica, Westw 171 

3. rugulosa, Dist 171 

4. producta, Dist 172 

5. scutellata, Dist 172 

6. socia, Walk 172 

7. biguttata, Fabr 172 

8. insocia, Walk 173 

5. Cratonotus, Dist 173 

1. coloratus, Dist 174 

Div. 10. Hoplistoderaria. . 174 

1. Alcimocoi'is, Berr/r 175 

1. coronatus, Stdl 175 

2. flavicornis, Dist 176 

3. parvus, Dist 176 

2. Hoplistodera, Westw 176 

1. incisa, Dist 177 

2. virescens, Dnll 177 

3. recurva, Dist 178 

3. Paraciitheus, Bergr 178 

1. trimaculatus, Lep. 4- 

Sen- 178 

4. Axiagastus, Dall 179 

1. rosmarus, Dall 180 

Div. 11. Antestiaria 180 

1. Plautia, Stdl 180 

1. fimbriata, Fahr 181 

2. viridicollis, Westxv. . . 182 

2. Anaca, Stdl 182 

1. florens. Walk 182 

2. f asciata, Dist 1 83 

3. Antestia, Stal 183 

1. anchora, Tlmnb 183 

2. pulchra, Dall 184 

3. modificata, Dist 185 

4. cruciata, Fabr 185 

5. degenera, Walk 186 

VOL. I. 



Page 

4. Apines, Dall 186 

1. concinna, Dall 186 

Div. 12. Eurydemaria . . . . 187 

1. Gynenica, Dall 188 

1. affinis, Dist 188 

2. Agonoscelis, Spin 189 

1. uubila, Fab?- 189 

2. femoralis, Walk 190 

3. Eurydema, Lap 190 

1. pulclirum, Westw 190 

2. lituriferum, Walk 191 

3. festivum, Linn 191 

4. multipunctatum, Dist. . 192 

4. Stenozygiim, Fieb 192 

1. speciosum, Dall 193 

5. Bagrada, Stdl 193 

1. picta, Fabr 193 

6. Cinxia, Stdl 194 

1. limbata, Fabr 195 

7. Strachia, Ha/in 195 

1. crucigera. Halm 195 

Div. 13. Compastaria .... 196 

1. Critheus, Stdl 197 

1. liueatifrons, Stdl .... 197 

2. Fernelius, Dist 197 

1. indicus, Dist 198 

3. Agathocles, Stdl 198 

1. limbatiis, Stdl 199 

4. Exithemus, Dist 199 

1. assamensis, Dist 199 

5. Compastes, Stdl 200 

1. bbiitanicus, Dall 200 

2. exstimulatus, Dist. . . 201 

3. spinosiis, Dist 201 

6. Amasenus, Stdl 201 

1. corticalis, Stdl 202 

7. Homalogonia, Jakoivl. . . 202 

1. obtusa, Walk 202 

Div. 14. Tropicoraria .... 203 

1 . Tropicoris, Hahn ...... 204 

1. punctipes, Stdl 204 

2. Iseviventris, Stdl 205 

2. Priassus, Stdl 205 

1. spiniger, Hagl 205 

2. exeniDtus, Walk 206 

3. Lelia, Walk 206 

1. octopunctata, Dall. . . 207 

4. Prionaca, Dall 207 

l.lata, Dall 208 

2. burin anica, Dist .... 208 

5. Degonetus, Dist 208 

1. serratus, Dist 200 

h 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



G. Placosternimi, Amy. ^• 

Serv 209 

1. taiirus, Fabr 210 

2. alces, Sfal 210 

3. urns, Stal 210 

4. cerviis, Dint 210 

5. dama, Fabr 211 

6. obtusum, Montand. , . 211 

Div. 15. Eliyncbocoraria . 211 

1. Rhyncliocoris, Westw. . . 212 

1. hiimeralis, Tlmnb 212 

2. serratus, Don 213 

3. plagiatus, Walk 213 

4. alatus, Dist 213 

2. Vitellus, Sfdl ._ 214 

1. orientalis, Dist 214 

3. Leovitius, Dist 215 

1. macracanthus, Dall. . . 215 

4. Saba3us, StFU 216 

1. humeralis, Dall 210 

5. Amblycara, Beryr 217 

1. gladiatoria, Stal 217 

Div. 16. Nezaria 218 

1. Catacantlius, Spin 218 

1. iucarnatiis, Dm 218 

2. mirabilis, Dist 219 

2. Nezara, Amy. ^~ Serv 219 

1. viridula, Linn 220 

2. antennata, Scott 220 

3. graminea, Fabr 221 

4. nigromaculata, Dist. . . 221 

3. Zangis, St&l 221 

1. beryllus, Fahr 222 

Tar. crassa, Westtc. . . 222 

2. dorsali.s, DoJirn 222 

3. alboDiaculata, Dist. . . 223 

4. Jurtina, Stal 223 

1. indica, Dall 224 

5. Piezodoriis, Fieher 224 

1. rubrofasciatiis, Fahr. . . 224 

Div. 17. Menidaria 225 

1. Menida, Motsch 226 

1. formosa, Westw 226 

2. varipennis, Westtv 227 

3. flavovaria, Dall 227 

4. apicalis, Dall 228 

5. liistrio, Fabr 228 

6. distincta, Dist 228 

7. labecula, Dist 229 

8. atkinsoni, Dist 229 

9. rubriplaga, Walk 229 

10. bisignata, Walk 230 

11. elongata, Dist 230 



( Page 

2. Acesines, Stal 23l 

1. breviceps, Stdl 231 

3. Dimiiius, Dist 231 

1. fiilvescens, Dall 232 

2. sordidus, Kirby 232 

3. bellus, Z>/s^ 233 

4. Paterculus, Dist 233 

1. affiuis, Dist 233 

2. vittatus, Dist 234 

5. Dabessiis, Dist 234 

1. repellens, Kirby 235 

6. Cresphoutes, Stdl 235 

1. monsoui, Westiv 235 

7. Phavorinus, Dist 236 

1. afflictus, Walk 236 

Div. 18. Diplostiraria 237 

1. Diplostira, Dall 237 

1. valida, Dall 238 

2. Ambiorix, Stdl 239 

1. fenescens, Stdl 239 

Div. 19. Eiiryaspisaria. .. . 240 

1. Euryaspis, Sign 240 

1. transversalis, Si(/ti 240 

2. Bracbycoris, Stdl .'. 241 

1. insignis, Dist 241 

«.. Subfam. 6. Asopincs 243 

1. Cecyrina, JJ7ilk 244 

I 1. platyrbinoides, Walk. . 244 
i 2. Cazira, Amy. iS,- Serv 245 

1. verrucosa, W^estic 245 

2. similis, Dist 245 

3. friwaldskyi, Horv 246 

4. ulcerata, Herr.-Schlif . 246 

3. Blachia, Walk 247 

1. ducalis, Walk 247 

4. Canthecoua, Amy. 4'- Serv. . 248 

1. furcellata, Wolf 248 

j 2. tibialis, Dist 249 

I 3. biuotata, Dist 249 

4. robusta, Dist 250 

5. cognata, Dist 250 

I 0. parva, Dist 250 

5. Glypsus, Dall 251 

1. fuscispiniis, Stdl 251 

6. Picromerus, A7ny. >$• Serv. . 251 

1. obtusus, Walk 252 

7. Audinetia, Fllc?ir 252 

1. spinidens, Fabr 253 

8. Podisus, Herr.-Schiif. . . 253 

1. luridus, Fabr 254 

9. Asopus, Burtn 255 

1. malabaricus, Fabr 255 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XlX 



Page 

10. Zicrona, Amy. Sf Serv 255 • 

1. cEerulea, Linn 255 

_Subfam. 7. Tessaratomince . . 256 

Div. 1. Tessaratomaria .. 257 

1. Tless&va.tom?i,Lepell.S)Serv. 257 

1. nigripes, DalL 257 

2. quadrata, Dist 258 

3. javanica, Thunh 259 

4. papillosa, Drury .... 259 

2. Hypencha, Amy. S,- Serv. . 260 
1. luctuosa, Stdl 2u0 

3. Pygoplatys, Dnll. 261 

1. acutus, Dall 261 

2. tauriformis, Dist 261 

4. Amissus. Stal 262 

1. atlas,' Stdl 262 

Div. 2. Eusthenaria 263 

1. Eustlienes, Laporte 263 

1. Yobwsiws; Le2)ell. Sf Serv. 264 

2. hercules, Stal 264 

3. eurytus, Dist 265 

4. sjevus, Stal 265 

5. polyplienius, Stdl .... 265 

6. tlioracicus, Dist 266 

7. cupreus, Westw 266 

8. riibefactus, Dist 267 

9. 8Cv\.ie\\?ivis,Herr.-ScJiaff. 267 

2. Eurostus, Dnll '. . 268 

1. grossipes, Dall 268 

2. ocliraceus, Montand. . . 269 
^, Mattiphus, Amii. Sf Serv. . . 269 

1. laticollis, Westrv 269 

2. aeruginosus, Stdl .... 270 

3. jaspideus, Herr.-Schuff. 270 

4. oblongus, Dall 270 

4. Origauaus, Dist 271 

1. huinerosus, Dist 271 

5. Asiarclia, Stdl 272 

1. nigridorsis, Stdl 272 

6. Carpoua, Dohrn 273 

1. amplicollis, Stdl 273 

2. stabilis, Walk 274 

7. P^^canum, Amy. l^- Serv. . . 274 

1. rubens, Fabr 274 

2. ocliraceum, Dist 275 

3. ponderosum, Stdl .... 275 
■8, Dalcantba, Ajny. •$• Serv. . 275 

1. dilatata, Amy. Sf Serv. . 276 

2. inennipes, Stdl 276 

9. Muscanda, Walk 277 

1. testacea, TValk 277 

10, Vitruvius, Dist 278 

1. insignis, Dist 278 



^-Subfam. 8. Dinidorince 

\ 1 



._^ubfain. 9. Phyllocephalince . . 289 



Cyclopelta, Amy. !^- Serv. . 

1. obscura, Lepeli. Sf Sere. 

2. parva, Dist 

3. siccifolia, Westw 

4. abdominalis, Dist 

2. Aspongopus, Laporte . . . . 

1. janus, Fahr 

2. ochreus, Westw 

3. bi'imneus, Thunh 

4. obscunis, Fabr 

5. uepaleusis, Westw 

6. singhalaiius, Dist 

7. nigriventris, Westiv. . . 

8. sanguinolentus, Westiv. 

9. fuscus, Westw 

10. assamensis, Dist 

11. cbinensis, Dall 

3. Megymenuni, Laporte. . . . 

1. inerme, Herr.-Schiiff. . 

2. brevicorne, Fabr 

3. parallelum, J^oll 

4. severini, Bergr 

5. subpurpurascens, 

Westw 

4. Byrsodepsus, Stdl 

1. coriarius, Stdl 

2. nigi'itus, Dist 

5. Atelides, Dall 

1. ceutrolineatus, Dall. . . 



Page 

279 
279 
280 
280 
280 
281 
281 
281 
282 
282 
283 
283 
283 
284 

, 284 
284 
285 
285 
285 

, 286 
286 
286 
287 

287 
287 
, 288 
288 
288 
289 



1. Cressoua, Dall 

1. valida, Dall 

2. Dalsira, Amy. S,- Serv 

1. glandulosa, Wolff . . . . 

2. scabrata, Dist 

3. Scbizops, Spinola 

1. insigni.s, Walk 

4. Mei'catus, Dist 

1. illuminatus, Dist 

5. Salvianus, Dist 

1. liinatiis, Dist 

2. dilatatus, Dist 

6. Gonopsis, Amy. Sf Serv. . . 

1. coccinea, Walk 

2. rubescens, Dist 

3. diversa, Walk 

4. pallesceus, Dist 

7. Diplorbiiius, Atny. Sf Serv. 

1. quadi'iconiis, Stdl . . , , 

8. Raudolotus, Dist 

1. elongatus, Dist 

9. Tetroda, Amy. S,- Serv. . . 

1. bisteroides, Fabr 

2. trausversaliS; IVestiv. . , 

62 



291 
291 

291 
292 
292 
293 
293 
294 
294 
294 
295 
295 
295 
296 
296 
296 
297 
297 
297 
298 
298 
298 
299 
299 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 1 

3. divaricata, D«/Z SOU 

4. atoruaria. Dall 300 

5. obtusa, Dull 300 

10. Gellia, StSl 301 

1. uigripenuis, Dall 301 

11. Megarliynclms, Laporte . . 301 

1. rostratiis, Fabr 302 

2. truucatu8, Westw. 302 

3. limatiis, i7«r.-*S'c/<. .. 302 

■ — Subfam. 10. Urostylina .... 303 

1. Urolabida, Westic 303 

1. grayi, White 303 

2. cheimelli, Dist 304 

3. kbasiana, Dist 304 

4. bistrionica, Wcstic. . . 305 

5. tenera, Westw 305 

6. uniloba, Stal 306 

2. Urostylis, Westir 306 

1. punctigera. Westiu. . . 306 

2. gracilis, Dall 306 

3. pallida, Dall 807 

4. fumigata, Wall- 307 

5. iiigToiuarginalis, Heiit. . 308 

6. spectabilis. Dist 308 

7. farinaria, Dist 308 

8. notulata, Dall 309 

3. Urocbela, Dall 309 

1. quadripimctata, Dall. . 309 

2. guttulata, Sial 310 

3. pilosa, StSI 310 

4. obscura, Dall 311 

5. bimaculata, Dall 311 

6. discrepans, Walk 312 

7. pulcbra, Dist 312 

8. ferruginea, Dist 312 

4. Eurbyucbiocoris, i?ewf . .. 312 

1. sparsipuuctatus, i?eMf . . 313 

— Subfam. 11. Acanthosomatince 313 



1. Microdeutei'us, Dall 

1. megacephalus, Herr.- 
Sch 

2. dallasi, Atkins 

2. Acantbosoma, Curtis . . . . 

1. pioximum, Dall 

2. distinctimi, Dall. , . . . 

3. coralliferum, Ilorv. . , 

4. siugbalense, Dist 

5. forfex, Dull 

3. Sastragala, Amy. 8f Serv. 

1. hettjrospila, Walk. . . . 

2. uni guttata, Don. . . . 

3. parmata, Dist 

4. javanensis, Dist 

5. rufispiua, Dist 



314 

314 
315 
315 
315 
316 
316 
317 
317 
318 
318 
318 
319 
319 
319 



Page 

6. edessoides, Dist 320 

7. murreeana, Dist 320 

8. bampsouij Dist 320 

9. elongata, Dall. 320' 

10. binotata, Dist 321 

4. Auaxandra, Stdl 321 

1. nifescens, Dall 322 

2. bamata, Hetd 322 

3. Ifevicornis, Dall 323 

4. coniuta, Dull. 323 

5. tauricornis, Dist 324 

6. alaticornis, If'alk 324 

7. iiigricornis, ff^alk 324 

8. bovilla, Dist 325 

9. coiupacta, Dist 325 

10. nigro-liueata, Stal .... 325 

11. sigillata, *SYf?/ 326 

5. Elasmostetbus, Fieb 326 

1. punctatum, Dall 326 

2. iiilgirense, Dist 327 

3. nebulosum, Di.:t 327 

4. lewisi, Dist 328 

5. recuiTuni, Dall 328 

6. scutellatum, Dist 329 

7. truucatulum, Walk. . . 329 

8. lineatum, Dall 329 

9. asperum, Walk 330 

Fam. 2. Coreid.^3 331 

Subfam. 1. Coreincc 332 

Div. 1. M ictaria 332 

1. DerepteiTx, WMte 333 

1. grayi," White 334 

2. bardwicki, White 334 

3. feana, Dist 335 

2. Helcomeria, Stal 335 

1. spinosa, Siyn 336 

3. Prionolomia, Stal 336 

1. gigas, Dist 337 

2. beros, Fabr 338 

3. fulviconiis, Fabr 338 

4. cardoni, Leth 338 

4. Elasmomia, St&l 339 

1. gramiHpes, Westtc. , . 339 

2. serrata, Sif/n 339 

5. Aurelianus, Dist 340 

1. elono'atus, Dist 340 

6. Mygdonia, Stdl 340 

1. amplicollis, Stal 341 

7. Ocbrocbira, Stal 342 

1. albiditarsis, Tf'esttv. . . 342 

2. abei-rans, Dist 342 

3. palliditarsis, Stdl , . . 343 

4. pallescens, Dist 343 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

•5. biplagiata, Walk 343 

6. nigrorufa, Walk 344 

8. Mictis, Leach 344 

1. tenebrosa, Fabr 344 

2. gallina, Dall 345 

3. macra, Stal 346 

4. pictor, Fahr 346 

9. Anoplocuemis, Stdl 346 

1. pbasiana, Fahr 346 

2. compressa, Dall 348 

Div. 2. Petascelaria 348 

1. Petillia, Stdl 348 

1. tragus, Fabr 348 

2. lobipes, Westic 349 

3. notatipes, Walk 349 

4. patulicollis, Walk 350 

5. valida, Dall 350 

6. calcar, Dall 351 

Div. 3. Daladeraria 351 

1. Dalader, Amy. S,- Serv. . . 351 

1. acuticosta, Ami/, i!^ Serv. 352 

2. planiventris, Westio. . . 352 

3. rubiginosus, Westiv. . . 353 

Div. 4. Brachytaria 353 

1. Bracbytes, Westiv 353 

1. bicolor, TJ'esttv 354 

Div. 5. Ilomoeoceraria .... 354 

1. Homoeocerus, Burm 355 

1. inornatus, Stdl 355 

2. signatus, Walk 356 

3. sigillatus, Stdl 356 

4. prominulus, Dall. .... 357 

5. variabilis, Dall -. . 357 

6. rosaceus, Dist 357 

7. cordiger, Sfdl 358 

8. -walkeri, Kirbi/ 358 

9. lacertosus, Dist 358 

10. atkinsoni, Dist 359 

11. tinctus, Dist 359 

12. rubefactiis, Dist 359 

13. big;uttatus, Westio. . . 360 

14. striicoruis, Scott 360 

15. augulatus, Westic 360 

16. subjectus, Walk 36] 

17. albiguttulus, Stdl 361 

18. fasciolatus, Stdl 361 

19. albiveutris, Dall 362 

20. limbatipeunis, Stdl. . . . 362 

21. punctum, Dall 363 

22. simiolus, Dist 363 

23. graminis, Fabr 363 

24. concisus, Walk 364 



Page 

25. macula, Dall 364 

26. siuicus, Dall 364 

27. singaleusis, Stdl 365 

28. perpiractatus, Dist. . , 365 

29. taprobauensis, Dist. . . 365 

30. iiigridorsum, Horv. . . 366 

31. montanus, Dist 366 

32. serrifer, Westw 366 

33. marginiventris, Dohrn . 367 

34. Itevilineus, Stdl 367 

2. Fracastorius, Dist 368 

1. cornutus, Dist 368 

3. Aschistus, Stdl 369 

1. brevicornis, Wall. .... 369 

Div. 6. Cloresraaria 369 

1. Notobitus, Stdl 370 

1. excelleus, Dist 370 

2. mqleagris, Fabr 371 

3. dorsalis, Westic 371 

4. marginalis, Westw. . . 372 

5. a-ffinis, Dall 372 

6. abdominalis, Dist 372 

7. serripes, Dall 373 

2. Cloresnius, Stdl 373 

1. nepalensis', Westic. . . 373 

2. modestus, Dist 374 

3. khasianus, Dist 374 

3. Distantidea, Kirk 375 

1. vedda, Kirk 375 

Div. 7. Colpuraria 376 

1. Colpura, Bergr 377 

1. obscura, Dall 377 

2. erebus, Dist 377 

3. funebris, Dist 378 

4. noctua, Dist 378 

5. nodulosa, Dist 379 

2. Wolfius, Dist 379 

1. exemplificatus, Dist. . . 380 

3. Hygia, tlhler 380 

1. toucliei, Dist 380 

4. Vittorius, Dist 381 

1. adspersiis, Dist 381 

Div. 8. Anisoscelaria .... 381 

1. Leptoglossus, Guer 382 

1. membrauaceus, Fabr. . 382 

Div. 9. Physomeraria .... 383 

1. Pkysomerus, Burm 383 

1. grossipes. Fabr 383 

2. parvulus, Dall 384 

2. Acautbocoris, Amy. ^• 

Serv 385 

1. scabrator, Fabr 385 



SYSTEMATIC IxNDEX. 



2. anticus, Walk 386 

3, Petalocneiuis, »SYc?/ 38G 

1. obscura, Z»fl// 386 

Div. 10. Penduliuaria 387 

1. Pendulinus, Thimb 387 

1. orieiitalis, Dist 388 

2. nicobarensis, Mayr . . 388 

3. antennatus, Kirby .... 389 

Div. 11. Gonoceraria .... 389 

1. Plinachtus, St81 390 

1. acicularis, Fahr 391 

2. basalis, Westiv 391 

2. Brunsellius, Dist 391 

1. smecticiis, Dist 392 

3. Cletus, Stal 392 

1. piinctulatus, Westiv. . . 392 

2. bipunctatus, IJ^esttc. . . 393 

3. punctiger, Dall. 393 

4. trigonus, Thunh 394 

5. rubidiyenti-is, Westw. . . 394 

6. calumniator, Fahi- 395 

7. elongatus, Dohrn .... 395 

8. feanus, Dist 395 

4. Cletomorplia, Mayr 396 

1. hastata, Fahr 396 

2. kirbvi, Dist 396 

3. raja,' D/sf 397 

4. insignis, Dist 397 

5. walkeri, Kirby 397 

Div. 12. Hydararia 398 

1. Hydara, Drill 398 

1. orientalis, Dist 398 

Div. 13. Phyllomorpbaria. 399 

1. Craspedum, A7ny. Sr Serr. . 399 

1. indicuin, Westio 400 

Subfam. 2. PseudojMtxina; . . 401 

1. Clavigralla, Spin 401 

1. gibbosa, Spin 401 

2. borrens, Dohrn 402 

3. scutellaris, Westw 402 

2. Myla, Stdl 403 

1. concolor, i>o7o7? 403 

3. Hoplolomia, Stdl 403 

1. scabricula, Stdl 404 

4. Trallianus, Dist 404 

1. chennelli, Dist 405 



Page 

Div. 1. Stenocepbalaria . . 405 

1. Stenocepbalus, Latr 406 

1. lateralis, Sigyi 406 

Subfam. 3. Alydina 407 

Div. 1. Micrelytraria .... 407 

1. Dulichius, Stdl 407 

1. inflatus, Kirby 408 

Div. 2. Leptocorisaria. . . . 409- 

1. Leptocorisa, Lcdr 409 

1. varicoruis, Fahr 409 

2. acuta, Thunb 410' 

3. costalis, Herr.-Sch 411 

2. Curupira, Dist 411 

1. bicolor, Dist 411 

Div. 3. Alydaria 412 

1. Eutbetus, Dall 412 

1. pulcbellus, Dall 413 

2. Riptortu?, Stdl 413 

1. pedestris, Fahr 414 

2. fuscus, Fabr 414 

3. linearis, Fabr 415 

4. strenuus, Horr 41& 

Subfam. 4. Corizince 416 

Div. 1. Corizaria 416 

1. Cor\zn», Fallen 416 

1. rubicimdus, Siyn 417 

2. bengalensis, Dall 417 

3. semicruciatus, Motsck. 418 

4. brevicoUis, Motsch. . . 418 

Div. 2. Seriuetharia 418 

1. Seriuetha, Spin 418 

1. abdominalis, Fabr 419 

2. rufomarginata, Fabr.. . 419 

3. augur, Fabr 420 

4. corniculata, Stdl .... 420' 

5. ricina, Dall. ....... 420 

6. dallasi, Dohrn 420 

Fam. 3. Bkrytid^e 421 

1. Paleologus, Dist 421 

1. feanus, Dist 421 

2. Metacanthus, Costa 422 

1. pulchellus, i»«// 423 

3. Hubertiella, Kirk 423 

1. cardamomi, Ki)-k 424 



INTEODITCTION. 



RHYNCHOTA. 

This volume is the first of a series designed to afford means of 
recognizing members of that large gi'oup of Insects, the Rbynchota, 
or Bugs, of British India. Scattered papers on the subject by 
various entomologists have appeared from time to time, and my 
late and much respected friend, Mr. E. T. Atkinson, commenced 
a full descriptive enumeration of the fauna in his " Notes on 
Indian Rhynchota" which he published in the Journal of the 
Asiatic Society of Bengal. This good work only reached, so far 
as the Heteroptera were concerned, the end of the Family 
Pentatomidae, and was prepared at Calcutta under great limitation, 
away from collections and consequent facilities for comparison. 
Since the publication of Mr. Atkinson's "Notes," much more 
material has become available, and with an increased interest in 
these insects we may expect many and large additions to be made 
to our knowledge of the fauna. 

The material principally used in this publication comprises the 
following fine collections : — A very representative one, said to have 
been made some years ago by Dr. Leith at and near Bombay, 
though it seems probable that some of the specimens were obtained 
from Sind. Dr. Stoliczka's collection made during the Second 
Tarkand Mission, which I worked out in 1879, proved of the 
greatest importance in showing the Paloearctic affinities of this 
region. Another, and perhaps the best and largest ever brought 
together by one collector, was that made by Mr. A. W. Chennell 
in the Assam Hills, and brought to this country in 1879, a 
representative set of which passed into my possession. The late 
Mr. Doherty also sent me all the lihynchota he procured in Assam 
and Burma ; while from the last locality I have been allowed by 
Dr. Gesti'o, of the Genoa Museum, to examine the fine collection 
made by Signor Yea. To Sir G. F. Hampson I am indebted for his 
captures in the Nilgiri Hills ; and to Mr. li. M. Dixon of Bomba)^ 
I am under similar obligation for species collected at the Bor Ghat, 
with many valuable notes which I have incorporated under his 
name in the text. Dr. Alcoek has forwarded to me for investi- 
gation and determination the extensive collection contained in the 



Xxiv INTRODrCTION. 

Indian Museum, Calcutta : and I have received great assistance 
from Dr. H. S. Ferguson, in charge of the Museum at Trivandrum. 
Of the Ceylonese fauna much material has heen acquired. My friend 
Mr. G. Lewis, who visited that island some years ago, and brought 
his experience as a field coleopterist to the collection of Ehynchota, 
made a most representative collection which he handed over to me 
intact ; and while engaged in preparing this book I have received 
from Mr. E. E. Green very much assistance. The British Museum 
contains a fine collection of North Indian species — many still 
unique — presented at various times by travellers and military men 
stationed in the hill districts. Many of these were described by 
Walker, and I have examined and verified all his types. The 
collection accjuired by the Eev. E. W. Hope, described by Westwood, 
and now in the Oxford Museum, has also passed through my 
hands by the good offices of Prof. Poulton. From Teuasserim, 
the south-eastern extremity of our fauuistic area, I have received 
the material acquired by Doherty, and also that of Limborg, a 
collector sent thither some years ago by the late Prof. Wood- 
Mason. Fea also collected in Tenasserim, and I have examined 
his material ; whilst I previously worked out the specimens 
collected by Dr. Anderson in the Mergui Archipelago. 

From the Andamans and Nicobars my material has been very 
small. From both these islands I received a small collection made 
by Prof. Meldola during the Transit of Venus Expedition, and 
likewise acquii-ed the few specimens collected by De Eoepstorif in 
the Andamans. I visited Car Nicobar in the sixties, but at the 
height of a dry season, aiid was thus prevented from forming an 
even representative collection. 

I must also gratefully acknowledge the assistance I have 
received by the loan of specimens from Dr. Chr. Aurivillius and 
Dr. Tngve Sjtistedt, of the Stockholm Museum ; Dr. Horvath, of 
the National Museum, Budapest; Dr. Handlirsch, of the Hof 
Museum, Vienna ; Dr. Gestro of Genoa, Prof. Bouvier of Paris, 
and Dr. E. Bergroth of Tammerfors. Mention must also be made 
of the untiring pains taken by the artist Mr. H. Knight to produce 
accuracy in the structural details of his illustrations. 

Some alterations and corrections made in the construction of 
generic and specific names must be placed to the credit of the 
Editor, Mr. Blanford. This will explain why in the nomenclature 
some names are not quite the same as those previously used by me 
in other places, where I have frequently followed general usage 
rather than the strict canons of the Greek and Latin grammars. 

Eefereuce must also be made to the method here used in 
diagnosis. My instructions from the first were, wherever jiossible, 
to use brevity with clearness — the book, as I understood it, being 
primarily for the use of those who are in British India and who 
wish to understand their fauna and recognize its representatives. 
Consequently I have not sought to give so full and minute a 
description as might afPord differential characters for comparison 



INTRODUCTION. XXV 

with allied species belonging to other areas, but rather aimed at 
differentiating the Ehynchota of British India alone. For this 
purpose I have used colour differences wherever possible, so as to 
facilitate identification by officers of the Government of India, 
planters, travellers, and, in the strict sense, non-entomological 
readers. AVith the same intention I have not attempted written 
description of such details as the important but obscure odoriferous 
apertures to be found on the metasternum. These by the aid of 
joint effort with the artist have been so accurately portrayed, as 
to prove that a good figure of a functional structure is far more 
trustworthy than any diagnostic composition. 



The Rhtnchota, or Bugs (frequently styled Hemiptera), con- 
stitute an extensive Oeder in the Class Insecta belonging to 
the Phtlum ARTHROPODA, and are principally distinguished by 
possessing a jointed suctorial I'ostrum — sometimes described as a 
" proboscis or mobile beak " — formed from the labium, composed 
of the mandibles and masilliB modified into a piercing-organ, and 
usually concealed by being closely i-ecurved or bent back under 
the head, sternum, or abdomen. The wings are almost constantly 
four in number in the suborder Heteroptera (to which this volume 
is restricted); the anterior wings are of a more or less coriaceous 
texture, folded flat on the back, their apical areas being usually of 
a membranous character. In the Homoptera, which will be sub- 
sequently dealt with, the wings cover the abdomen in a roof-like 
manner, and the anterior wings do not always exhibit a difference 
in structure between the basal and apical portions *. 

The metamorphoses of the Ehynchota are somewhat varied, being 
practically absent in the Heteroptera, in which the young in a 
general or progressive manner resemble the adult ; in the Homo- 
ptera the change may be very incomplete, as in the Cicadidse, or 
almost complete, as among the male Scale-insects (Coccid®). As in 
the order Obthoptera, the mouth does not change its structure 
during the individual life, and Dr. Sharp on these grounds considers 
the Orthoptera and Ehynchota as "the most different of all the 
Orders," and the last as " the most isolated of all the orders of 
Insects." Sharp places the Ehynchota after the Diptera and 
Thysanoptera {Tlirips) at the end of the In::ecta ; Packard arranges 
them between the Coleoptera and Orthoptera ; AVestwood between 
the Lepidoptera and Aphauiptera and Diptera. If the views of 
entomologists thus differ as to the position which the Ehynchota 
should occupy in the classification of the Insecta, the most recent 
writers on general zoology are also divided in opinion. Shipley 
and MacBride place these insects between the Hymenoptera and 
the Diptera ; Parker and Haswell dispose of them after the 
Orthoptera and before the Diptera ; while Schmeil arranges them 

* Some writers include the Anoplura, or Lice, as a third suborder. 



XXVI INTRODUCTION. 

between the Xeuroptera and Orthoptera. Dr. Dohrn, from a 
study of the fossil Exigeron hbckinr/i, considers that at a very remote 
period a form existed from which both the Neuroptera and 
Ehynchota were differentiated. 

Although some of the Khynchota are rapacious in their habits^ 
many — especially a very large inimber of Pentatomidoe and 
Coreidse — are plant-feeders. In some instances we have proof of 
their injurious action, as detailed in the pages of this volume ; in 
other instances their operations are so minute that the injuries 
they cause are apt to be overlooked, and are of a cumulative 
rather than of an immediate nature. But the Ehynchota are also 
at times beneficent agents ; and Mr. H. M. Dixon has pointed out 
how pollination in the ' Mora ' tree (Macaranga roxhurghii) seems 
to depend entirely on the visits of Cantao ocellatus, while AsjJon- 
gojms nigriventris fulfils a similarly important function to the Sago 
Palm (Caryota urens). A vast opportunity for bionomic observation 
appertains to the study of these insects, and is specially worthy 
the attention of a government entomologist. 

The Rhynchota afford many examples of those cases of resem- 
blance to distinct insects of their own, or other orders, which 
by some are ascribed to the action of concvirrent evolution, and by 
others are explained by the theoiy now so well-known as mimicry. 
Some Ant-like foi'ras are the most remarkable, and Mr. Wroughtou 
recently exhibited to the London Entomological Society an Indian 
Coreid which associates with the Ant Polyrlmchis spiniger and is 
furnished with spines on the pronotum &c., resembling almost 
exactly those possessed by the Ant. This singular Coreid proved 
to be the Dulichius viiflatus of Kirby, previously reported from 
Southern India and Ceylon. Similar mimicking species belonging 
to other families have passed through my hands from Africa and 
Central America. 

It is probable that the Ehynchotal fauna o'f British India is one 
of the richest to be found in any similar area of the world, and 
there is fortunately another, that of Central America, of which we 
have sufficient knowledge to enable a comparison to be made. The 
Central American fauna has formed the material for that gigantic 
publication, the ' Biologia Centrali-Americana,' still in progress, 
and the editors and publishers, Mr. Godman and the late Mr. Salviu,. 
spared no eff'ort or expense, either in purchasing available material 
or despatching collectors to procure it. Mr. Champion, an 
experienced collector, passed some years in the country investigating 
the insect fauna, and made vast collections ; he gave particular 
attention to the Ehynchota, and to the small species of that 
order usually neglected by collectors. Besides this immense 
materia], we must also consider the extent and nature of the area, 
from the north of Mexico to the Isthmus of Panama, approaching 
the Nearctic region in the north, as the Palcearetic is reached in 
North-eastern India ; while the central and southern districts are 
practically between the same parallels of latitude as those of India, 



INTRODTICTIOlSr. XXVll 

and possess a luxuriant A'egetation. Moreover, tbe present writer 
has worked out a large portion of the llhynchotal fauna of the 
two areas. 

The following is a comparative statement of the genera and 
species belonging to the families treated in this volume : — 

Comparison of a portion of the RhyncJiotal Faunas of British India* 
and Central America t. 

Pam. Pentatomidae . . British India. . . . Genera 199, Species 541 
Central America . ,, 104, „ 384 

Fam. Coreidae British India. . . . Genera 45, Species 143 

Central America . „ 72, „ 206 

Pam. Berytidae .... British India .... Genera 3, Species 4 
Central America . „ 3, „ 4 

It will thus be seen that in the Pentatomidoc British India is far 
richer in genera and species than Central America, while in the 
Coreidtc the proportion is reversed ; the Berytidae of the two areas 
are very similar in numbers, but most probably we know very little 
of the family in either region. In Pentatomidae, British India is 
apparently the most prolific region in the world. 

Perhaps no palaeontologists have more reason to complain of 
the imperfection of the geological record than those who study 
the insects of past times. Insect-remains are frequently badly 
preserved, and such wing-venation as can be studied has some- 
times led to discordant conclusions. Scudder is our first 
authority ; and in the last edition of ZitteFs ' Text-book of 
Palaeontology ' he writes : — " The oldest known fossil insect is 
a somewhat obscure wing, plainly Hemipterous (Protocimece 
silurica, Moberg), from the Graptolite Slates of the Swedish 
Upper Ordovician." The Carboniferous evidence is conclusive. 
Tbe presence of Ehynchota in Permian rocks is somewhat 
open to argument, but on the whole trustworthy. When we 
come to later times, we may refer to Scudder's ' Tertiary Insects 
of North America,' the largest work of its kind, and one dealing 
considerably with the Rhynchota. According to Scudder, writing 
in 1890, the number of Tertiary Ehynehota of the whole world 
was then estimated at 569, of which 355 were Heteroptera and 
214 Homoptera. 

External Anatomy. — The principal structural details of the 
Heteroptera are represented in the following outline figures of 
Mattiphus laticolUs, Westw., a species belonging to the British- 
Indian fauna. The structural terms here given agree with the 



"^ As enumerated in this volume. 

'Biologia Centi'ali-Americana,' Ehynehota, vol. i. 



INTRODUCTION. 



terminology used in the present work in tbe descriptions of 
genera and species. 




Fig. 1. — Body seen from above. 

A. Head. a. Antennae 

B. Pronotum. a'. Eyes. 

C. Scutellum. b. Anterior prouotal 

D. Corium. angles. 

E. Membrane. h' . Lateral or posterior 

F. Connexivuni. pronotal angles. 



d. Clavus. 

1. Anterior legs. 

w. Intermediate legs. 

3. Posterior legs. 




A. Prosternum. 

B. Mesosternum. 
0. Metasternum. 



Fig. 2. — Body as seen from beneath. 

These three segments together constitute the sternum, 
and the sides of the sternum are known as the 
1 pleura ; the sockets into which the legs articulate 
[ are called the acetabula. 
D. Abdomen, exhibiting six segments (1-6) and anal appendages (7). 
a. Rostrum. b. Mesosternal ridge or carina. 

a'. Anterior coxa. c. Metasterual plate. 

a^. Intermediate coxae. c'. Odoriferous aperture. 

n^. Posterior coxae. 



INTKODUCTION. XXIX 

The head is very variable in form, especially in the Homoptera, 
and particularly iu the rulgoridae, in which family it is inflated and 
produced in a way for Avhich at present no absolute explanation 
can be offered. In the Heteroptera the head is usually more or 
less triangular in shape, but exceptions occur in all the families. It 
varies in prolongation and constriction, and although the eyes are 
generally placed at or near the anterior margin of the pronotum, 
there are genera in which they are far remote from the pronotal 
margin. It also varies in its direction as well as shape : in 
some species it is horizontally produced, in others obliquely 
deflected, or again perpendicularly deflected ; and these three 
forms of structure can be found in the Pentatomidae alone, without 
I'eferring to other families. The head above is anteriorly composed 
of three lobes — one central and two lateral ; or, as they are fre- 
quently styled, respectively, the tylus and juga. Ocelli are usually 



Fig. 3. — Head, seen from above, of Catacanthus incarnahis. 

a. Central lobe {tyliis). a'. Lateral lobe {jugum). b. Eye. h'. Ocellus. 
1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Antennal joints. 

present, but are sometimes wanting in a whole family, as in the 
Pyrrhocoridse, or even absent in one genus of a small subfamily of 
Pentatomidae, as for example in the Urostylinse. The compound 
eyes vary much in position and shape. Grenacher has divided 
the ej^es of insects into three divisions, according to the presence 
or absence of a well-developed cone. Acone eyes are those in which 
the cone or refracting body is wanting, but is represented by four 
primitive cone-cells ; and according to Packard these occur in the 
Ehynchota, exckuling the Homopterous Cicadidee, which have 
Eucone eyes, distinguished by possessing a well-developed cone. 
The antennae are usually free and visible, as in the Heteropterous 
series Gymnocerata, or hidden in foveas under the head, as in 
Cryptocerata ; sometimes, as in many Homoptera, they are minute 
and hair-like. The antenniferous tubercles from which the antenna? 



XXX INTRODUCTION. 

proceed vary in size and are not invariable in position, being some- 
times on the upperside and sometimes on the underside of the 
head, and in some families produced into a lateral process or spine. 
The number of joints is not a regular quantity : in the Pentatomidae 
genera are found with antennae of either four or five joints; in 
some Eeduviids the antennae are apparently eight-jointed, the 
maximum number of about twenty-five being attained in the males 
of some Coccidae. These joints vary in thickness, but are usually 
more or less symmetrical, though in the Coreidae some genera, 
notably Dalader and its allies, have the third joint dilated and pro- 
minentlv compressed. The rostrum originates from the underside 
of the head, which is excavated to receive the first rostral joint in 
repose ; it is usually three- or four-jointed, and apically encloses 
or enwraps four fine setae, which by some entomologists are con- 
sidered to represent the mandibles and maxillae found in other 
insects. This subject, however, cannot be discussed here ; but 
Sharp, who has investigated the question, may be best quoted 
as to the use of the organ : — " The rostrum being extended from 
its position of repose, the tip of the sheath is brought into contact 
with the object to be pierced, the surface of which is probably 
examined by means of sensitive hairs at the extremity of the 
sheath ; these therefore functionally replace to some extent the 
palpi of other insects. As a rule, the sheath does not penetrate 
(though there is reason for believing that in various of the animal- 
feeding bugs it does so), but the setae are brought into action for 
piercing the skin of the plant ; they are extremely sharp, and the 
outer pair are usually barbed, so that when once introduced a hold is 
easily maintained. This being established, it is thought that the 
salivary pump comes into play, and that a fluid is injected into the 
object pierced so as to give rise to irritation or congestion, and thus 
keep up a supply of fluid at the point operated on ; this fluid extends 
along the grooved setae by capillary attraction, and the rapidity of 
the current is increased by a pumping action of the pharynx, and 
possibly by movements of the setae themselves. Though the setae 
are often extremely elongate — sometimes several times the length 
of the body — they are nearly always slender, and there is no reason 
to suppose that a perfect, or air-tight, tube is formed ; hence it is 
probable that capillary attraction is really the chief agent in the 
ingestion of the fluid. The slight diversity of structure of the 
Ehynchotal trophe* is in very striking contrast with what we flnd 
in mandibulate insects, such as Diptera and some divisions of 
Hymenoptera. Schiodte, in commenting on this, has suggested 
that it is probably due to the small variety of actions the rostrum 
is put to." (Cambridge Nat. Hist. vol. vi, pp. 536-7.) 

The thorax is composed of three segments — the prothorax, 
mesothorax, and metathorax, the upper surfaces of which are 
known by the names of prouotum, mesonotum, and metanotum : 

* Or buccal appendages^bucculce. 



INTSODUCTION". 



XXXI 



while on the underside these segments are distinguished by the 
names of prosternum, mesosternum, and metasternum, together 
being entitled the sternum, the sides of which are known as the 
pleurae. The pronotum is always very large, and is more or less 
the whole of the thorax which is clearly seen above ; the pro- 
sternum is the origin of the anterior legs. The mesonotum 
appears above in the scutellum, which is always well developed, 
and in some instances (Plataspininoe and Scatellerinfe) is of great 
size, completely covering the abdomen and concealing all traces of 
wings ; from the sides of the mesothorax issue the anterior wings 
or hemelytra, while beneath the mesosternum is the origin of the 
intermediate legs. The metanotum is not visible when the wings 
are unexpanded ; from the sides of the metathorax issue the 
posterior or true wings, and the posterior legs originate from the 
underside or metasternum. On each side of the metasternum 




Fig. 4. — Wings of Catacanthus incarnatus. 



A. Anterior wing or hemelytron. 

a. Coriuui. 

b. Clavus. 

c. Membrane. 

B. Posterior or true wing. 



Lateral margin of corium. 
Inner angle of corium. 
Apical angle of corium. 



and near the posterior coxae may be seen the odoriferous apertures 
or " stink-glands," sacs from which the peculiar odour arises, so 
well known as appertaining to these insects. These glands are, 
as a rule, present in the plant-feeding species, but in some of the 
carnivorous forms (Eeduviidfe, Nepidte, Notonectida^) they are 
entirely absent, at least as a metasternal apparatus. The smell is 
not always offensive ; it has been described as resembling that of 
well-ripened pears or bananas, or that of a fine bergamot pear, 
or a sweetish smell like ether. In many species it is, however, 
of a distinctly disagreeable character. These orifices are of 
considerable classificatory value, especially in a generic sense, but 
up to the present time their taxonomical value has scarcely been 



XXXU INTRODUCTION. 

universally maintained. In the figures given in this volume these 
apertures have been portrayed iu nearly every genus. 

The five appendages to the thorax, the two pairs of wings 
and the thi'ee pairs of legs, must now be described. The anterior 
wings or hemelytra are the most important, as they are not 
only very diverse in structure but they also afford taxonomic 
characters very largely used in the classification of some groups 
and families. 

The corium is the hard, coriaceous portion, and the clavus 
a similar but distinctly divided portion l3'ing next to the scutellum. 
The membrane or apical portion of the hemelytron is nearly always 
present, though sometimes in a very reduced or aborted condition, 
and the veins vary very much in number and arrangement ; in fact 
the variation is so great iu different genera of the same family, as 
in Pentatomidse, that at present little sound evolutionary guidance 
seems to be afforded by the venation, unless averages and large 
groups are studied. The posterior wings need scarcely be con- 
sidered at length in this place, as they are seldom used as 
classificatory characters, with the exception of the hamus, some- 
times present as a spur-like vein to the cell. 




Fig. 5. — Anterior wing or hemelytron of a Capsid. 



a. Clavus. 

b. Corium. 



c. Cuneus. 

d. Membrane. 



e, e. Cells of membrane. 



The corium, however, iu some families possesses an increasing 
specialization in structure ; thus in the Capsidse a distinct addition 
may be noticed in the appearance of a cuneus, or separation of the 
external apical area of the corium. 




Fig. 6. — Anterior wing or hemelytron of a Cimicid. 



a. Clavus, 

b. Corium. 



c. Embolium. 

d. Cuneus. 



c. Membrane. 



In the Cimicidse another division of the corium occurs, and an 
embolium, or separation of the lateral area of the corium, is. 
observed. 



IlfTEODUCTIOIf. 



XXXlll 



In the Tingididfe the distinction between corium and membrane 
is less distinct, and these terms are scarcely used in the descriptive 
terminology, the membrane being reticulated and resembling the 
other portion of the hemelytra. 

The legs do not call for much comment. They are variable in 
structure, but are fully described in the diagnoses of genera and 
families. Thus the' coxse may be placed close together or con- 
siderably apart, as in some Coreidae ; the femur may be slender or 
thickened and spined ; the tibiae may be simple, serrate or pilose ; 
the tarsus may consist of two or three joints and may bear a claw 
or claws ; the structure is also of an adaptable character in the 
aquatic species. 

The number of abdominal segments is a question of considerable 
difficulty, and they have been variously estimated as being nine, 
ten, or eleven in number. This is due to the method of anatomical 
study and the inclusion or non-inclusion of the anal appendages as 
segments or otherwise. If, however, the apparent number be 
accepted, as is generally done in classification, 
there are six segments, the basal often much 
concealed, apart from the anal plate and 
organs. The last named are often, as in 
Lepidoptera, used as specific characters, and in 
fresh or spirit-preserved specimens are doubt- 
less of the greatest validity ; but when, as 
is more often the case, they have only been 
observed in dried specimens, in which they 
are naturally more or less distorted, an ele- 
ment of uncertainty is introduced. For 
certitude a dissection requires to be made, 
and in the present position of Ehynchotal 
stud}^ this can scarcely be always expected. 

The females of many Heteroptera and 
Homoptera possess a well-developed ovi- 
positor which serves to lacerate the leaves 
of plants and to introduce the eggs into the 
orifice thus made. 

Stridulatory organs have been discovered 
in the Corixidse and doubtless exist in many 
genera of other families. Stridulation may 
be almost universal in the Insecta, althougla 
it is not detected by our imperfect sense- 
organs ; the investigation of this subject is 
certain to be more pursued in the future, 
aided by delicate testing-apparatus. 




. Fig. 7. 
Leg of a Peutatomid. 

a. Coxa. 

b. Trochanter. 

c. Femur. 

d. Tibia. 

e. Tarsus. 

1, 2, 3. Tarsal joints. 



Internal Anatomy. — To adequately describe the internal anatomy 
of any insect requires ample space and a wealth of illustration ; in 
fact it is a subject by itself. The student may be referred on this 
investigation to Packard's 'Text-book of Entomology' (1898), 

VOL. I. "c 



XXXIV INTKODUCTIOTf. 

which uot only treats the whole subject iti detail, but gives very 
full bibliographical references under each section. So much has 
been copied on this matter by one writer from another (original 
investigation requiring skilful and delicate manipulation combined 
with a thorough physiological training) that we can only sammarize 
the most condensed information. The number of entomologists 
who study this branch of the science is to-day infinitesimal, in 
fact anatomy is almost entirely neglected. According to Sharp: 
"The alimentary canal presents considerable diversity and some 
remarkable features. There is a slender tube-like oesophagus and 
a lai'ge crop. It is difficult to assign any of the parts posterior to 
this to the divisions usual in other insects, and it is said that the 
distinction of parts histologically is as vague as it is anatomically.'^ 
(Cambridge Nat. Hist. vi. p. 540.) Packard describes the «eso- 
phagus as " usually small and short, while the much convoluted 
stomach is very long and subdivided, first into a large, straight, 
glandular portion ; second, into the convoluted smaller part ; and 
third, in some Pentatomids and Coreids there is a third stomach,"' 
which, quoting Siebold, he describes as " consisting of a very 
narrow, slightly flexuous canal, on which are inserted two or four 
rows of closely aggregated glandular tubes" (' Guide to Study of 
Insects,' p. 517). There is no gizzard ; the number of Malpighian 
tubes is usually four, one pair only being found in Coccid^e, and none 
in Aphidse. Packard describes the nervous system as consisting, 
besides that of the head, of two thoracic ganglia, of which the 
anterior is the SBialler, which send off two main trunks to 
the abdomen. " In Pentatoma all the three ganglionic masses are 
brought into close proximity, but in Nepa the thoracic mass of 
ganglia and the infra-oesophageal ganglion are widely separated "^ 
(Sharp). 

In the reproductive system the Ehynchota exhibit some 
peculiarities in the testes, and according to Packard the number 
of testicular tubes is small in most members of the Order, but 
very gi-eat in the Cicadidse, as in Orthoptera, Coleoptera, and many 
Hymenoptera (' Text-book of Entomology,' p. 495). 

Reference has already been made to the metamorphosis or post- 
embryonic development of the Ehynchota, as being a development 
in which the young differs but little from the adult. This is quite 
true in a general \\'ay, but it is not a precise statement, ae the 
immature forms have a general and apparent, but not exact, resem- 
blance to the perfect insect. jS'o inconsiderable service would be 
rendered to entomology, if some of our readers in India would 
undertake the investigation of this subject, carefully describing and 
drawing the various modifications in metamorphosis from the first 
to the adult stage, with a record as to the exact period occupied 
in each stage of development. 

The field collector of Ehynchota will soon acquire a more 
perfect acquaintance with the habits of these insects than can be 
derived from the perusal of entomological books. Many small 



INTRODUCTION. XXXV 

species are seldom seen, but can be freely secured by the use of 
the sweeping-net in grasses and other short herbage ; this method 
is particularly successful with the Capsidfe. The beating of the 
leaves and twigs of trees by a stout stick over an open umbrella 
is also a productive process. Other species, including many 
Reduviids, may be netted on the wing, as they fly in the sunshine 
like some Coleoptera. No inconsiderable number may be easily 
picked from the leaves of trees ; and in the dry and cold season 
a number hibernate, and may be found beneath stones, &c. Some 
are attracted by the electric lights in the busy streets of towns, 
and in the Transvaal I have taken many of the large aquatic 
Belostomas in such situations. Among the Homoptera the large 
Cicadas are to be detected by their shrill cries, and although 
silence is observed when one approaches the trees from which 
these sounds proceed, a careful search will usually result in the 
discovery of the insect. Of the habits of some Rhynchota we 
know practically nothing. Tingididse are generally found in the 
sweeping-net, and some entomologists have never seen these 
insects in situ. Some species are found blown out to sea at a 
considerable distance from land, and the saloon deck of an ocean- 
liner is often visited by many of these involuntary migrants. 
Nezara viridula is a species frequently thus encountered, and is, 
as recorded in these pages, of world-wide distribution. 

Classification. — Sharp estimates (1899) the total number of 
Rhynchota described as about 18,000, two-thirds of the number 
being Heteroptera. In Britain there are about 430 species of 
Heteroptera and 600 of Homoptera. This is opposed to Scudder's 
estimate that the Homopterous fauna of any given region of 
considerable extent in the north temperate zone is to tlie 
Heteropterous fauna as about one to three, or that about 25 per 
cent, are Homopterous (Tertiary Ins. N. Amer. p. 2'SS). The 
fact is that the smaller Homoptera have not been sufficiently 
collected and described in most countries, and this explains the 
divergence between the number of Heteroptera and Homoptera 
in Britain and in other faunistic areas. A great disparity between 
Homoptera and Heteroptera is exhibited in the enumeration of 
fossil Rhynchota, but the difference in structural integument is 
a sufficient explanation of the preservation of one ratiier than 
the other. 

The Rhynchota are divided into two suborders, the Heteroptera 
and Homoptera, by general consent, though Westwood in 
his 'Modern Classiiication of Insects' (1840) — a work justly 
considered as an entomological classic — kept both these divisions 
as separate orders. They may be well separated by Sharp's 
modification of the views of Schiudte. 



XXX VI 



i:?flEODUCTIOW. 



Si/nojms of the Suborders of Ehynchota. 

Front of head not touching the coxoe . . HETEROPTERA. 
Pront of head much indexed so as to be 

in contact with the coxae HOMOPTERA. 



Synojitsis of the Families of the Heteroptera. 



Skkies I. Antennae conspicuous, capable of 
beinj; moved about freely iu front 

of head 

1. Abdomen not clothed beneath with a silvery 
velvety pubescence. (Species not aquatic.) 
A. Scutellum reaching at least to the base 
of the membrane, or at least half as long- 
as the abdomen, sometimes covering' the 
whole of the abdomen above and the anal 

appendages , . . . . 

J). Scutellum not reaching to the base of 
membrane, nor to middle of abdomen, 
a. Mesopleurte and metapleurfe composed 
of one piece only ; hemelytron without 
a cuneus. 
a. Tarsi three-jointed. 

ft', liostrum not bent at the base, lying 

in repose against the under surface 

of the head. 

cr. Antennae generally elongate and 

four-jointed, inserted on the 

upper parts of the sides of the 

head. 

«'. Legs of moderate length ; 

apices of femora not nodu- 

losely clavate 

h^. Legs long and slender ; apices 

of femora nodulosely clavate . 

6^, Antennae inserted below a line 

drawn from the centre of the eye 

to the apex of the face. 

«*. Ocelli present 

i*. Ocelli absent 

J\ Rostrum stout, bent at the base, so 
that in repose it does not lie 
against the under surface of head. 
((-. Rostrum long ; ocelli placed 

between the eyes 

b~. Rostrum short ; ocelli, when 
present, placed behind the eyes. 
b^. Ilemelytra complete, mem- 
brane distinct 



GYMNOCERATA. 



Pentatomidae. 



Coreidae. 
Berytidae. 



Lygaeidae. 
Pyrrhocoridae. 



Saldidae. 



Reduviidae. 



INTRODUCTION. 



b'^. Hemelytra entirely membra- 
naceous Henicocephalidae. 

b. Tarsi two-jointed. 

a^. Anterior legs normal. 

«'■'. Hemelytra more or less re- 
ticulate, consisting of strong 
irregular thick lines forming a 
framework of cells. Anterior 
legs inserted on tlie posterior 

margin of the prosternum Tingididae. 

b"^. Hemelytra neither reticulate nor 

cellular. Anterior legs inserted 

on the disk of the prosternum . Aradidae. 

¥. Anterior legs short and stout, with 

long coxae, short thick femora, and 

cuvvate pointed tibise ; frequently 

witliout tarsi Phymatidas. 

b. Mesopleurse and metapleurse composed 
of several pieces ; hemelytron with a 
cuneus. ' 

a, Hemelytron with an embolium. 

a\ Ocelli absent Cimicidae. 

b^. Ocelli present. 

cr. Antennae long and thin, clothed 

with long hairs: third and 

fourth joints together twice as 

long as the first and second .... Ceratocombidae, 
b-. Antennae not very thin, nor 

clothed with long hairs, third 

and fourth joints not nearly 

twice as long as the first and 

second Anthocoridae. 

b. Hemelytron without an embolium. . . . Capsidae. 
2. Abdomen clothed beneath with a silvery 

velvety pubescence. (Species aquatic or 
subaquatic.) 

A. Antennae five-jointed Hebridae. 

B. Antennae four-jointed Hydrometridae. 

Seeies II. Antennae concealed, either situate 
on the underside of the head to 
which they are closely pressed, or in 
foveas under the head. {Aquatic.) CRYPTOCERATA. 

A. Body short and broad; head very broad, 

with prominent eyes ; ocelli present. 

Posterior legs thin, formed for running . Pelegonidae. 

B. Body elongate or ovate, head of moderate 

size, 
a. Anterior legs inserted on disk of anterior 
margin of prosternum. 

a. Antennas with four joints ; no anal 

appendix. 

a' . Posterior tibiae spinulose Naucoridae. 

¥. Posterior tibiae flattened and pro- 
vided with swimming-hairs Belostomatidae. 

b. Antennae with three joints; abdomen 

with a long tubular appendix Nepidae. 

TOL. I. d 



XXXVIU INTRODUCTION. 

b. Anterior legs inserted on the posterior 
margin of prosternum. 

a. Rostrum free, three to four-jointed . . Notonectidae. 

b. Eostrum concealed, apparently un- 

jointed Corixidae. 

Two families of Heteroptera are not included in the above 
synopsis. The fam. Aepophilidce is at present only represented by 
a single Western Palsearctic species, and therefore need not claim 
our attention. The Polyctenidcc include four or five species which 
have been found parasitic on Bats. Westwood treated them as 
aberrant Anoplura or Lice, while Dr. Sharp considers they should 
be included in the Heteroptera ; but he adds that he has had no 
opportunity of making a thorough examination of Polyctenes, and 
therefore rightly speaks with some diffidence. 



EllHATUM. 

Page 395 top, for Cletus caluminator read Cletus calumniator. 



Order RHYNCHOTA. 

Suborder HETEROPTERA. 

Family PENTATOMIDtE. 

The family Pentatomidce is the largest in the Heteropterous 
Rhynchota, and some of its subfamilies are represented in all parts 
of the world where the Ehynchota exist. They are easily recog- 
nized insects, having a somewhat common facies, and comprise 
some of the best known and most handsome species in the whole 
Heteroptera. It is probably owing to their conspicuous colora- 
tion that we know so much of the family as we do, collectors 
always sending specimens home with other insects. Of their habits 
much is still to be learned, and a knowledge of their life-histories 
during their incomplete metamorphoses will probably be of the 
greatest value to farmers and horticulturists. Many species 
possess a very puugeat odour; but the purposes of this attribute 
are little understood, and await the explanation only to be ob- 
tained by systematic and detailed observation. Another feature, 
still unexplained, is the resplendent coloration of some species 
compared with the more modest and dull appearance of many of 
their congeners. A theory of " warning colours " is usually pro- 
posed to account for such peculiarities, but this theory, or rather 
suggestion, still requires confirmation. 

The structural characters of the Pentatomidae have been well 
enumerated by Stal, and there is little to add to his diagnosis. 

Head frequently clypeated. Antennae three-, four-, or five- 
jointed, inserted on the lower side of the head below the lateral 
margins. Rostrum of four joints, inserted usually near the labrum 
towards the apex of the head, rarely towards the base of the same. 
Scute] lum variable in size, very large or mediocre, reaching at least 
to the base of the membrane. 

The number of subfamilies to be recognized is largely a matter 
of opinion. The latest standard publication is the Catalogue of 
Lethierry and Severin (not yet completed), in which fifteen 
subfamilies are adopted, of which eleven are found in the fauna of 

TOL. I. B 



2 PENTATOMIDyE. 

British India. This view I have followed, especially as the four 
excluded Neotropical divisions are those most open to controversy. 
These subfamilies do not lend themselves with facility to the 
requirements of a synoptical key. It is a consensus of general 
characters rather than the prominence of a few peculiarities that 
enables these divisions to be recognized and maintained. 



Syno2)sis of Subfamilies. 

A. Hemelytra longer than the body, folded in 

at the base of membrane ; head alvAays 

clypeated Plataspidina'. 

B. Hemelytra straight, not folded in at base of 

membrane. 

a. Primary and subtended veins of wings 

remote, including a central broad area ; 

haraus present, 
rt. Scutellum covering the whole of the 
hemelytra, excepting extreme base of 
outer margin Scutelhrino'. 

b. Primary and subcostal veins of wings 

usually conterminal and diverging at 
apex, somewhat parallel ; hamus usually 
absent. 
h, Scutellum large, but not covering the 

outer margin of corium GrajJiosowatino', 

c. Scutellum of moderate size, coi'ium 
always exposed. 
a. Basal ventral segment almost com- 
pletely covered by the metasternum ; 
scutellum variable in size and shape. Cydnino-. 
v. Spiracles of basal ventral segment 
hidden by posterior margin of meta- 
sternum. 
a^. Scutellum extending to about or 
beyond middle of abdomen, 
rarely shorter, if shorter the 
apex narrowed and only slightly 
or very slightly produced behind 
the frena; membrane moderate or 
small. 
a\ Tarsi with three joints. 

a^. Eostrum of variable size, but 
passing anterior coxte. 
(v'. Eostrum slender ; basal 
joint not incrassated, nor 
inserted at labrum .... Pentatomino-. 
h'. Eostrum robust ; basal joint 
incrassated, inserted at 
labrum Asoimuf. 



PLATASPIDINjB. c 

b\ Eostrum short, not passing 
anterior coxge ; basal joint 
of antennae not reaching 

apex of head PhyUoceplmlince. 

c^. Rostrum short, scarcely pass- 
ing anterior coxae ; basal 
joint of antennae much 

longer than liead Urostylina^ 

b^. Tarsi with two joints Acanthosomatino', 

b\ Soutellum never extending beyond 
middle of abdomen, its apex 
broad, membrane very large .... Dmidorince, 
Spiracles of basal ventral segment 
not hidden by metasternum Tessamtomince. 



Subfamily I. PLATASPIDIN^. 

Plastipidse, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 61 (1851). 
Arthropteridfe, Fieber, Eur. Hem. pp. 27 & 379 (1861). 
Arthropterida, Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 1 (1864). 
Plataspidina, Stlil, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. p. 611 (1870). 
Plataspiua, Sthl, Fm. Hem. v, p. 3 (1876) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, 
p. 23 (1887). 

Head clypeated : rostrum of four joints, inserted towards the 
base of the head, remote from the source of the labrum ; scutellum 
very large, covering the entire abdomen ; hemelytra longer than 
the body, with the apical half inwardly folded ; longitudinal veins 
of the membrane simple ; tarsi of two joints, the first joint very 
short. 

The Plataspidinae are absent from the Nearctic and Neo- 
tropical Eegions, but are found in all other parts of the world ; 
very sparingly indeed in the Palaearctic Region. They are common 
in the Ethiopian, and abundant in the Oriental Region. Then, 
again, they appear more sparingly in the Australian Region, and are 
probably represented throughout the islands of the Southern Seas. 
They comprise insects which are, according to present knowledge, 
of little injury to agriculture, for scarcely any mention is made of 
them in economic entomological reports, but little is recorded of 
their habits and life-histories, and our present iuformation largely 
consists of names and localities. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Ocelli nearer to each other than to the eyes. * 

a. Anterior margin of pronotum concavely 

excavated Codronchus, p. 4. 

b. Anterior margin of pronotum nearly 

straight ,. Cbatoplatys, p. o. 

b2 



4: PENTATOMID^. 

B. Ocelli either as far apart from eyes as from 

each other, or nearer to eyes than to each 

other. 
\ a. Head broad, with the eyes about reach- 
ing anterior angles of pronotum. 

a. Head sexually diverse, in the <S pro- 

duced anteriorly into two diverging 

processes Tiarocoris, p. 14. 

b. Head not sexually diverse. 

a'. Lateral lobes of the head meeting 
in front of the central lobe. 
«-. Head broad and transversely 

truncated in front Ponsila, p. 7. 

b^. Head broad and rounded in front. . Brachyplatys, p. 8. 
b'. Lateral lobes of head not meeting 

in front of the central lobe Fieberisca, p. 16. 

1» b. Head broad, with the eyes almost but 
not quite reaching anterior angles of 

pronotum Bozius, p. 37. 

^ 3 c. Head distinctly narrower than the 
anterior angles of pronotum. 

a. Anterior margin of pronotum deeply 

concavely sinuate at insertion of head. 
a'. Central lobe of head much shorter 

than the lateral lobes Oncylaspis, p. 7. 

b'. Lobes of head almost equal in 

length ViaExrs, p. 13. 

b. Anterior inargin of pronotum not 

deeply sinuate. 
a'. Central lobe of head distinctly 

elevated Tropidotylus, p. 36. 

b'. Central lobe of head not elevated. 
a^. Lateral margins of pronotum 

strongly dilated Tarichea, p. 6. 

b'. Lateral margins of pronotum 

not strongly dilated Coptosoma, p. 17. 



Genus CODRONCHUS. 

Codronchus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 233 (1901). 

Type, C. andamanensis, Dist. 

Distribution. Andaman Islands. 

Somewhat broad and moderately convex. Head large, angulate, 
the central lobe very broad and ovate, a little shorter than the 
lateral lobes, which are divergent and do not meet in front ; 
lateral margins moderately concave from base to about the region 
of the insertion of the antennae and then oblique and reflexed to 
apex; eyes prominent; ocelli nearer to each other than to the eyes. 
Pronotum with the lateral margins coavex, the anterior margin 
much excavated, nearly straight at the extreme base of head ; the 
disk prominently transversely impressed ; scutellum broad, not 
quite reaching the apex of the abdomen, its apex slightly concave; 
stigmata near the abdominal margin. Rostrum reaching the inter- 



COBBONCHUS. CRATOPLAXYS. 



mediate coxae. Antennae five-jointed ; a raised centrally hollowed 
and marginally ridged process between the intermediate and 
posterior coxae. 

Allied to Cratoplatys and Heterocrates. 



1. Codronchus andamanensis, Dist. A 
(1901). 




Codronchus andamanensis. 



the lateral margins convex and somew 
scutellum with a faint central lon^ 
piceous, second joint shortest. 

Length 8 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Andaman Islands {Coll. Dist.). 



. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 233 

Black, very thickly punc- 
tate : eyes ochraceous, ros- 
trum brownish-ochraceous ; 
femora more or less cas- 
taneous. Head with an un- 
dulating transverse ridge 
between the eyes, and with 
a short waved basal ridge ; 
pronotum with a patch o£ 
transverse striae at centre 
of anterior margin, and 
with a broad central trans- 
verse impression on disk, 
hat foliate ; pronotum and 
ritudinal ridge. Antennae 



Genus CEATOPLATYS. 

Cratoplatys, Montnvd. A%v. Mu,". Civ, Gentv. xxxiv, p. 119 (1894). 

Type, C. gestroi, Montand. 

Distribution. Pegu. 

As stated by its describer, Cratoplatys is allied to Heterocrates, 
Handlirsihiella, and ApJianojmenwa, and with them forms a dis- 
tinct group, having the head very large, the ocelli less separated 
from each other than from the eyes, and the stigmata situated on 
the abdominal margin. It difPers, however, from these three 
genera by its greater breadth of body, from Heterocrates and 
Handlir Seidell a by the nearly straight anterior margin of the pro- 
notum, and from ApJianojjneimia by the antennae attenuated at 
the extremities, the third joint distinctly shorter than the first, 
and by the position of the ocelli, which are more separated from 
the eyes. 

2. Cratoplatys gestroJ, Mejvtcnd. Avn. Mvs. Civ. G&%ov. xxxiv, p. liO 
(1894). 

Black, shining ; head with the margins of the central lobe, a 
transverse fascia on each side near base, and the ocelli ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the lateral margins, a waved oblique linear fascia 
on the inner margins of the lateral expansions, and two anterior 
central spots ochraceous ; scutellum with the margins and two 



PENTATOMIDvE. 



small spots near base ochraceous ; the portion of the corium 

visible at the base o£ the scu- 
tellum also linearly marked with 
ochraceous : body beneath entirely 
black ; a spot at the base of the 
head beneath, basal joint of the 
antennae, and the rostrum ochra- 
ceous. 

Length 11 j ; breadth 8| millim. 

Hah. Pegu; VaXon {Fm). 

The type is an unique $ in the 
Genoa Museum, of which a draw- 
ing has been kindly sent to me 
by Dr. Gestro. The description is 
compiled from the diagnosis of 
Dr. Montandon and from the figure here reproduced. 




Fig. 2. — Cratoplatys gestroi. 



Genus TARICHEA. 
Tarichea, Stal, Ann. Sue. Ent. Fr. (4j v, p, 163 (1865). 

Type, T. cldnensis, Dall., a Chinese species. 

Distribution. North India and China. 

Body broad, ovate and very convex above, beneath flat. Head 
broad, its disk concave, before the eyes convexly rounded ; lateral 
lobes meeting in front of the central lobe ; eyes transverse ; ocelli 
a little nearer to the eyes than to each other. Prouotum with 
the anterior lateral margins convexly dilated ; scutellum reaching 
the apex of the abdomen. Legs short. 

3. Tarichea nitens, Dull. (Plataspis) List Hem. i p. 74. 7 (1851) ; 
Stal, En. Hem. v, p. 6. 2 (1876). 




Fig. 3. — Tarichea nitens. 



Above shining olivaceous-black ; eyes, rostrum, antennae, body 
beneath, and legs brownish-ochraceous, a broad central fascia to 



ONC YL ASPIS . PONSIL A . 



abdomen olivaceous-black ; sternum dull, opaque, piceous ; apical 
joints of the antennae piceous ; head black beneath, with a basal 
ochraceous spot or patch. Finely and obscurely punctate. 

Length 9 ; max. breadth 8 millim. 

Hah. ]S".W. Himalaya {Coll. Dist.): N. India {Brit. Mus.). 



Genus ONCYLASPIS. 

Oncylaspis, Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 2 (1864) ; En. Hem. v, p. 4 (1876). 

Type, 0. ruficeps, Dall. 

Distribution. Burma, Tenasserim. 

Allied to Tarichea. Eyes transversely oblique ; anterior lateral 
angles of the pronotum obtusely acute ; head larger, more con- 
cave, lateral lobes meeting more widely in front of central lobe. 



4, Oncylaspis ruficeps, Ball. (Plataspis) List Hem. i, p. 73. 5 (1851) ; 
Stal, En. Hem. v, p. 6 (1876). 

Above shining black ; head and anterior angles of the pronotum 
reddish-ochraceous ; body beneath and legs reddish-brown or 




Fig. 4. — Onci/laspis ruficeps. 

reddish-ochraceous, the anal area and central disk to abdomen 
black ; sternum opaque. 

Length 10 ; max. breadth 8 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karen Hills (Oo/teri?/). Tenassei-im (5ri^ 3/ms.). 



Genus PONSILA. 

Ponsila, Sthl, Oft: Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1858, p. 433; Hem. Afr. i, 
pp. 2 & 7 (1864). 

Type, P. luctans, Stal, a West-African species. 

Distribation. Tropical Africa and Oriental Region. 

Body broadly ovate, above moderately convex. Head broad, 



PENTATOMID^. 



transverse, central lobe quite surrounded by the lateral lobes, 
which are longer ; eyes moderately transverse ; ocelli a little 
farther apart from each other than from eyes ; pronotum with 
the anterior lateral margins a little ampliated. 



5. Ponsila montana, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 234 (1901). 

Body above shining black ; head in front of eyes, eyes, lateral 

margins and an oblique 
line joining subanterior 
margin of pronotum, lateral 
and posterior margins of 
scutellura and a small spot 
near each basal angle, head 
beneath, antennae, lateral 
margins of sternum, ros- 
trum and legs ochraceous ; 
sternum piceous, opaque : 
abdomen mutilated; fourth 
and fifth joints of antennae 
piceous. Head with the 
anterior area transverse, 
concavely excavated, the anterior angles obtusely prominent, the 
central lobe and anterior and lateral margins piceous ; pronotum 
and scutellum thickly and finely punctate ; pronotum with a 
somewhat obscure transverse impression on anterior area. 
Length 5| ; max, breadth 5 millim. 
Hah. Naga Hills {Doherty). 




Fig. 5. — Poiixila monfana. 



Genus BRACHYPLATYS. 

Coptosoma, subg. Platvcephala, Lap. Ess. Hem. p. 73 (1832). 
Bracliyplatys, h'oisd. Voy. Astr., Ent. ii, p. 627 (1835) ; Dull. List 

Hem. \, p. 61 (1851) : ^ Stlil, Hem. Afr. i, p. 8 (1864) ; id. En. Hem. 

V, p. 4 (1876). 

Type, B. vanikorensis, Boisd., from New Caledonia and adjacent 
islands. 

Distribution. Oriental, Australasian, and Ethiopian Regions. 

Body broadly ovate and generally slightly convex above, flat 
beneath ; head foliaceous, transverse, broad, broadly rounded at 
the apex ; vertex broader than the eyes ; antennae remote from 
the eyes, the first joint not longer than the third ; eyes moderately 
transverse, not oblique, slightly immersed, prominent ; ocelli a 
little farther from each other than from the eyes ; pronotum about 
one-half broader than the head. As pointed out by Westwood, 
the scutellum in the J is notched and in the ? entire. 



BRACHYPLA.TYS. » 

I. Pronotum with ochraceous markings. 

A. Lateral margins of abdomen somewhat narrowly ochraceous. 

a. Head distinctly sjiotted or marled ivith ochraceous. 

6. Brachyplatys cingalensis, Stal, Ofr. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1855, p. 181 : 

oj). cit. 1856, p. 54; Did. A. 31. A'. H. (7) iv, p. 2U (1899). 
Brachyplatys silphoides, Kirby {nee Mihr.), J. Lintt. Soc, Zool. xxiv, 
p. 79 (1891). 

Olivaceous-black, shining; head with eyes and seven small 
spots (two on disk and five between eyes) ochraceous ; pronotum 
with the lateral margins and an oblique linear fascia connected 
with the subanterior margin ochraceous ; sciitellum with the 
basal lateral margins and the basal margin of corium ochraceous. 
Head and abdomen beneath shining olivaceous-black ; sternum 
opaque black ; legs and rostrum brovvnish-ochraceous ; extreme 
lateral margins of abdomen narrowly ochraceous, with a sub- 
marginal series of inwardly augulated ochraceous spots. 

Length 8 ; max. breadth 7 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

7. Brachyplatys humeralis, Muntcmd. Aim. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1896, p. 446. 

Black, shining, thickly and finely punctured ; head with two 
small spots on the central lobe, on each side of the uppermost is 
a larger waved spot, on each side of the lowermost a transverse 
hnear spot almost reaching eyes ; sublateral margins of pronotum, 
also an oblique sublateral linear fascia connected with the sub- 
anterior margin, and a perpendicular linear spot near each lateral 
angle, four small spots on basal margin of scutellum, the outer- 
most linear and almost connected with a narrow lateral and 
posterior margin, ochraceous. Body beneath black, the head and 
sternum opaque, the abdomen shining ; central area of head, 
rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; lateral margins of abdomen ochra- 
ceous, strongly notched anteriorly, with a sublateral series of 
linear black spots and a smaller inner series of black spots, one on 
each alternate notch. 

Length 7| ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hab. North Lidia. 

b. Head entirely or almost entirely blacTc and unspotted. 

8. Brachyplatys pauper, Voll. Faun. Ind. Neerl.i, p. 54 (1863). 

Above shining black ; head almost entirely black, sometimes 
exhibiting three small ochraceous spots ; pronotum with the sub- 
lateral margins and a small hnear streak at the lateral angles 
ochraceous ; scutellum with the lateral and posterior margins very 
narrowly ochraceous: body beneath shining black, sternum opaque; 



10 



PEXTATOMID.E. 



legs, rostrum, antennae, and lateral margins of abdomen arranged 
in a double row of small irregular spots, ochraceous ; apical joint 
of antennae piceoiis. 

Length 4 to 5 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Cejlon (Leivis). Andaman Islands ; Port Blair (Meldola). — 
Also generally distributed throughout the Malayan Archipelago. 

B. Lateral margins of abdomen ivith raij-lilce fascice. 
a. Head distinctly spotted or niarJred with ochraceous. 

9. Brachyplatys vahlii, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. ii, p. 283. 32 (1787); 

Cog. (Cimex) ///. ii, p. 79, t. 18, f. 14 (1801); Fabr. (Tetyra) 
Si/st. Hhynq. p. 142. 059 (1833) ; Germ. (Thyreocoris) var. Zeifschr. 
i, p. .33. 23' (1839) ; Anuj. Sf Serv. (Plataspis) Hem. p. 64. 2 (1843); 
Stal,F?i. Hem. v, p. 7 (1876). 
Bracliyplatvs continua & frontalis, Wlk. Cat. Het. i, pp. 104, 106 
(1867). " 

Black, shining ; eyes and two transverse lines (sometimes much 
broken) on the head, the sublateral margins of the pronotum, and 
an oblique sublateral fascia connected with the subanterior margin, 
lateral and posterior margin of seutellum, ochraceous ; some spe- 
cimens have two small ochraceous spots on the disk of the pronotum, 
and two similar spots at the base of the seutellum. Head and 
sternum beneath opaque black : abdomen beneath shining black ; 
central area of head beneath, legs, lateral margins of abdomen and. 
broad ray-like fasciae on each abdominal segment ochraceous, these 
fasciae contain a short central black line, and there is also a lateral 
submarginal series of small black spots ; antennae piceous, with 
their bases ochraceous. 

Length 7 to 8 ; max. breadth 6 millim. 

Hob. Sikhim {Anderso7i); 'NorthKhasi Hills (Chennell); Bombay 
(Coll. Dist.). Burma (Brit. Mus.). — Also found in the Malay 
Peninsula, and generally throughout the Malayan Archipelago. 

10. Brachyplatys radians, 7 o//. Fann. Ind. Neerl. i, p. o'i. 2, pi. iv, 

f. 7 (1863). 
^^ar. Brachyplatys vahlii, Voll. (nee Fabr.) he. cit. p. 52. 1. 

Closely allied to the preceding species (B. vahlii, Pabz\), but 
differing principally by the shape and length of the ray-like 
ochraceous fasciae to the abdomen beneath, which are shorter, 
narrower, much more acute, and do not contain the central black 
line. 

Length 6 to 7 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hab. Andaman Islands. — This species is probably found through- 
out the Malayan Archipelago ; it has been received from Celebes 
and the Philippines. 



BBACHYPLATYS. 1 1 

11. Brachyplatys subaeneus, Westw. (Pktaspis) in Hope Cat. Hem. 

i, p. 17 (1837) ; Dall. List Hem. \, p. 70. 9 (1851) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. 

(7) iv, p. 213 (1899). 
Thyreocoris septus, Germ. Zeitscfir. i, p. 32. 19 (1839). 
Brachyplatys bistriga, cambodica, cognata, adjuncta, & contigua, 

Walk. Cat. Het. i, pp. 100-103 (1867). 

Closely allied to the preceding species {B. radians, Voll.), but 
differing in having the ray-like fasciae to the lateral margins of the 
abdomen beaneath very short and conical. 

Length 6 to 7 : max. breadth 5 to 5^ millim. 

Hab. North Bengal and Calcutta (5>-ir. Mas.). Sikhim; Mungphu 
{Atkinson). Mysore; Bangalore. Ceylon (Green). Andaman 
Islands (Coll. Dist.). Burma ; Bhamo, Teinzo, Metanja (Fea). 
Tenasserim ; Meetau (Doherti/). — Also recorded from Malacca, 
Siam, Cambodia, Cochin China, Annam, Tonkiu, Formosa, China, 
aud several islands of the Malayan Archipelago. 



12. Brachyplatys punctipes, Montand. Ann. Mas. Cio. Gen. xxxiv, 
p. 122 (1894). 

Above shining olivaceous-black, thickly and finely punctate ; 
head with six small ochraceous spots, two on disk and two before 
each eye ; pronotum with the sublateral margins and an oblique 
line on each submarginal area uniting with the subanterior margin 
ochraceous ; scutellum with the lateral and posterior margins 
narrowly ochraceous, and with four small ochraceous spots at 
base (two on each side) ; base of corium with the sublateral 
margin also ochraceous. Head beneath and sternum piceous, 
opaque ; abdomen shining olivaceous-black ; lateral margins of the 
abdomen and a series of long ray-like fasciae directed inwardly 
ochraceous ; the rays are divided or semidivided by a median black 
line, and the lateral margin possesses a series of small black spots ; 
legs and rostrum ochraceous, the femora distinctly spotted with 
brownish; antennae piceous, the bases and apices of the apical joints 
very narrowly ochraceous. 

Length 7 to 9 ; max. breadth 5 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Punjab {Brit. Mus.). Trichinopoly {Brit. Mas.). Burma ; 
Ivai'ennee (Fea). — Also China. 



13. Brachyplatys carolinse, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 341 (188S) ; Dist. 
A. M. N. H (7) iv, p. 214 (1899). 
Brachyplatys silphoides, Dall. {nee Fahr.) List Hem. i, p. 71. 13 
(1851) ; Wlk. Cat. Het. i, p. 100. 9 (1867). 

Somewhat closely allied to B. punctipes, Montand. Head with 
six small ochraceous spots, but arranged in conical series, the two 
basal spots on each side perpendicular to each other, not paralbl 



12 PENTA.TOMID^. 

as in B. punctipes. Ochraceous markings to pronotum 
distinct. 




Fig. 6. — Uracil i/platys carolinm. 

Length 10 ; max. breadth 7^ millim. 
Hab. Sikbim ; Muugphu (Atkinson). 

14. Brachyplatys silphoides, Fab?-. (Ciniex) Fnf. :<;i/st. iv, p. 86. 2 

(1794); la/ji: (Tetyra) i^pst. Hhymj. p. 141. 62 (1803); Sthl, 
Hem. Fabr. i, p. 5. 2 (1868) ; Dist. A. ^/. N. H. (7) iv, p. 214 
(1899). 
Brachplatys liturilroES, W(dk. Cat. Het. i, p. 102. 22 (1867). 

Alhed to the preceding species {B.]^)unctiiies and B. carolince), but 
narrower, lateral margins more parallel, the ochraceous ray-like 
fasciae to the abdomen beneath much shorter. Head with a small 
anteriorly lanceolate fascia on central lobe, on each side of which 
is a transverse subanterior lateral fascia, and a linear transverse 
fascia at inner margins of eyes, ochraceous. 

Length 6 to 7 ; max. breadth 4^ to 5^ millim. 

JJab. India (no precise locality). — The distribution of this species 
is at present very difficult to trace, owing to the various species 
wrongly identified under its name. It is certainly known from 
Borneo. 

II. Pronotum and head without ochraceous markings. 
A. Lateral margins of abdomen with ray -like fascice. 

15. Brachyplatys burmeisteri, Dist. A. M. N.H. (5) iii, p. 46 (1879). 
Thyreocoris silphoides, ^jojh. [nee Fabr.) Handb. ii,p. 384. 3 (1835). 

Can be at once distinguished from B. vaJilii. Fabr., and B. sil- 
plioides, Fabr., by its uniform coloration above, and absence of 
luteous markings on the head and pronotum ; the luteous 
abdominal radial streaks are much as in B. radians, Voll. 

Length G to 8 : max. breadth 5 to 6 millim. 

Hab. Assam ; Noa-Dehing Valley and Sadiya (Chennell). — 
Also received from Penang and from Java. 



BEACHYPLATYS. — VIGETUS. 13 

B. Lateral margins of abdomen someivliat narrowly ocJiraceous. 

16. Brachyplatys funebris, Did. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 23o (1901). 

Above black, moderately shining with a dull olivaceous hue ; 
eyes castaneous ; head beneath and sternum black opaque; abdomen 
beneath shining olivaceous-black ; central area o£ head beneath, 
extreme lateral mai'gins of pronotum both above and beneath, 
extreme lateral and apical margins of scutellum and abdomen 
ochraceous ; lateral margins of abdomen beneath ochraceous, 
notched internally and containing a submarginal series of black 
spots ; legs castaneous, the femoral apices, tibiae, and tarsi brownish- 
ochraceous ; antennae and rostrum brownish-ochraceous. Body 
above thickly and finely punctate. 

Length 8 to 9 ; max. breadth 7 to 8 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Sadiya (Chennell). 

Genus VIGETUS. 
Vigetus, Dlst. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 2.34 (1901). 

Type, V. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present known only from Assam. 

Body broad, convex above. Head broad, short, deeply inserted 
in the pronotum, concave from between the region of the eyes, ou 
the inner margin of which is a short distinct transverse ridge ; 
anterior margin very slightly rounded, the lobes about equal in 
length, or central lobe slightly shortest ; eyes moderately trans- 
verse ;*ocelli nearer to the eyes than to each other. Pronotum 




Fig. 7. — Vigetus typicus. 

convex, the anterior lateral margins convexly rounded and 
moderately laminately produced, the lateral angles distinctly 
nodulose ; anterior margin concavely excavated for the reception 
of the head ; posterior margin nearly straight. Scutellum broad, 
about completely covering the abdomen, its apex distinctly con- 
cavely ^excavated in the male. Rostrum apparently reaching the 



14 PENT ATOM IDiE. 

intermediate coxae. AntennEe with the second joint very short. 
Odoriferous apertures very broad and obliquely striate, 

17. Vigetus typicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 235 (1901). 

Above shining olivaceous-black ; thickly, finely, but obscurely 
punctate ; eyes luteous ; base of lateral margin to corium 
ochraceous. Head beneath and sternum black, opaque ; abdomen 
shining black ; iegs piceous, apices of femora, tibiae and tarsi 
brownish-ochraceous ; lateral margins of the abdomen ochraceous, 
inwardly angulated. Antennae ochraceous : fourth joint piceous 
(remainder mutilated). 

Length c? & $ 5 to 6 ; uiax. breadth 4^ to 5^ millim. 

Hah. Assam; Margherita (Do^eri?/)- 

Genus TIAROCORIS. 

Tiarocovip, VoU. Faun. Ind. Neerl. \, p. 51 (1863). 

Type, T. sumatranus, Voll., a Sumatran species. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Body large and concave ; head large, the lateral lobes meeting 
in front of the central lobe in the female, but produced in two 
large diverging processes in the male ; antennae five-jointed, the 
second joint very small ; rostrum reaching the first abdominal 
segment ; scutellum covering the abdomen and the corium, the 
second only exposed at base ; apex of scutellum concavely excavated 
in the uiale. 

18. Tiarccoris contestatus. Montand. A^m. Soc. Ent. BeUj. xxxvii, 

p. 561 (1893). 

5 . Head pale brownish-ochraceous, the margins and central lobe 
darker, eyes castaueous; pronotum ochraceons, glabrous, a very broad 
basal fascia not quite reaching lateral angles, two transverse waved 
fasciae on anterior area, and an oblique spot near lateral angles. 
castaneous, anterior margin and an oblique sublateral line piceous ; 



Fig. S.— Tiarocorifi contestatus, 5- 

scutellum ochraceous, thickly, coarsely, and darkly punctate, a basal 
patch convexly margined with a piceous line, paler and more finely 
punctate. Abdomen beneath, meso- and metas-terna black ; head 



TIABOCOBIS. 15 

beneath, prosternum, lateral margins and posterior angles of tneso- 
and metasterna, rostrum, legs, and broad ray-like marginal fasciae 
to abdomen, ochraceoiis ; apex of rostrum piceous. 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hab. Burma ; Shan Yoma. 

19. Tiarocoris consertus, Bist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 285 (1901). 

$ . Head ochraceous, the margins, margins of central lobe, an 
oblique line a little in front of eyes, and the basal margin piceous ; 
pronotum with the anterior area ochraceous, glabrous, containing 
two large transverse discal black spots, the anterior margin black 
and an inner linear series of black punctures to the dilated anterior 
margins, posterior area ochraceous, thickly covered with very 
coarse black punctures, the apical margin and basal circumscribed 
area much more sparingly punctate ; sternum piceous, opaque ; 
abdomen shining black. Head beneath, prosternum, legs, antennae, 
rostrum, abdominal margin, and two ray-like fasciae at apex of each 
abdominal segment, ochraceous ; antennae with the fourth and 
fifth joints piceous. 

Length 2 5 ; max. breadth 4-j^ millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Ruby Mines {Dolierty). 

Distinguished from the preceding species ( T. contestatus, Montand.) 
by the punctate and not black posterior area of the pronotum, by 
the sparsely punctate apical margin of the scutellum, longer ray- 
like fasciae to the abdomen, &c. 

20. Tiarocoris luminatus, Montand. Rev. d'Ent. 1892, p. 307 ; Ann. 

Sac. Ent. Bdg. xxxvii, p. 660 (1893). 

$ . Above black, shining ; anterior area of the head from 
between eyes almost wholly ochraceous ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins, broadly, and the angles of the anterior margin ochraceous, 
with coarse scattered black punctures, an inner oblique dividing 
line of black punctures at the anterior dilated margins, a black 
spot at each lateral angle ; scutellum uith the lateral and apical 
margins narrowly joined to an oblique spot near each basal angle 
ochraceous, the last distinctly punctured with black ; connexivum 
ochraceous ; sternum piceous, opaque ; abdomen black, shining. 
Head beneath, anterior areas of prosternum, antennte, rostrum, legs, 
lateral margins of the abdomen, and two ray-like fasciae at the apex 
of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 4-|- ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Euby Mines (Doherty). — The type was described 
from Malacca. 

21. Tiarocoris signatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 236 (1901). 

5 . Ochraceous, reticulately marked with piceous. Head 
ochraceous ; anterior margin, margins of central lobe, and central 
basal margin narrowly piceous ; eyes pale castaneous ; pronotum 



16 PENTATOMID^. 

with the anterior area ochraceous, levigate, with an obUque fascia 
of black punctures on each anterior lateral area, and with a similar 
fascia obliquely extending from each lateral angle and united with 
a transverse fascia — centrally broken — across anterior disk, 
remaining area somewhat thickly reticulately marked with piceous ; 
seutellum thickly reticulately marked with piceous, with a distinct 
black arcuated spot behind the basal transverse elevation. Body 
beneath piceous ; head beneath, presternum, legs, rostrum, 
abdominal margins and inner ray-like fasciae, ochraceous ; antennae 
piceous, first and second joints ochraceous. 

Length 6 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (G. Lewis). 

Genus FIEBERISCA. 
Fieberisca, Montand. A?i7i. Soc. Ent. Behj. xl, p. 98 (1896). 

Type, F. omata, Montand. 

Distribution. At present only reported from India, and from 
no precise locality. 

According to Montandou this genus comes between Coptosoma 
and Tiarocoris. It is allied to the last-named genus by the shape 
and size of the head, the flattened abdomen beneath, and by the 
length of the odoriferous apertures ; but it diifers in the form of 
the dilated lateral margins of the pronotum and in the transverse 
impression on the same, which is irregular and interrupted on the 
disk. 

22. Fieberisca omata, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belij. xl, p. 99 (1896). 

Head ochraceous, the margins, a central spot on each side of 
which is a transverse line, and a basal series of spots castaueous ; 
pronotum castaneous, two large ochraceous transverse spots on 




Fig. 9. — Fieberisca omata, 

anterior area continued to lateral angles, the whole inner areas of 
which are black, a somewhat faint central median ochraceous line ; 
seutellum castaneous ; four irregular basal spots and two large 
transverse arcuate subapical spots, ochraceous ; lateral and apical 



COPTOSOMA. 17 

margins ochraceous punctured with caslaneous. Head beneath, 
presternum, rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath 
shining piceous, with a marginal series of angulated ochraceous 
spots ; antenna) ochraceous, apical joint castaneous. 

Length 4; max. breadth 3^ millim. 

Hah. " India " {Mus. Paris"). 

I am indebted to Prof. Bouvier for the opportunity of figuring 
and describing the unique type. 



Genus COPTOSOMA. 

Coptosoma, subg. Coptosoma, Zap. Ess. Hem. p. 73 (1832). 
Globocoi'is, Hahn^ Wanz. ii, p. 40 (1834). 

Coptosoma, Hall. List Hem. i, p. 61 (1851); Stal, Hem. Afr. 
\, pp. I 6c 9 (1864) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 30 (1887). 

Type, G. globus, Fabr. A Palaearctic species. 

Distrihution. Distributed throughout the Old World, but not 
found on the American continent. 

Body broadly ovate, above moderately convex, flat or very 
slightly convex beneath ; head usually small, deflexed, narrower 
than the pronotum ; eyes moderately prominent ; ocelli nearer to 
the eyes than to each other ; antennae inserted at the eyes ; lateral 
margins of pronotum posteriorly sinuate before the sinus, generally 
distinctly am pliated and foliaceous; scutellum moderately broadened 
posteriorly ; feet rather short. 

This is a very large and unwieldy genus, but it is a homo- 
geneous one, and though we may make sections of it they are 
superficial and do not lead to subgeneric division. I am now able 
to enumerate no fewer than 51 species belonging to this fauna. 



I. Head short, broad, moderately rounded between the eyes. 

A Ironotum with lateral inargins much dilated, distinctly 
emarginate in front of lateral angles. 

23. Coptosoma ceylonicum, Boh-n, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxl, p. 399 (1860). 

Head black with a central ochraceous basal spot, eyes casta- 
neous ; pronotum and scutellum ochraceous, pronotum with 
nearly the basal half and scutellum, excluding the basal callosities, 
coarsely punctured with brown ; pronotum with a short sublateral 
fascia to dilated anterior margin, a central linear fascia not quite 
reaching basal margin, an oblique linear fascia on each side com- 
mencing near lateral angle and connected with the apices of a 
sinuate fascia situate a little before anterior margin, and the 
posterior margin, black ; scutellum with the margins of the basal 
callosity, a short central longitudinal basal fascia, and the lateral 
and apical margins, black. Body beneath black ; antenna?, rostrum, 

VOL. I. c 



18 



PENTATOMIDJE. 



legs, lateral margins of the sternum and abdomen ochraceous, the 
last broad and containing a series of black spots. 
Length 4| to 5 ; max. breadth 4| to 5 millira. 




Fig. 10. — Coptosoma ceylonkum, 
Bab. Ceylon {Green and Lewis). 

24. Coptosoma rugulosum, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 216 (1899). 

Ochmceous, thickly, irregularly, and somewhat confluently 
covered with coarse reticulated black punctures ; head with the 
central lobe distinctly margined with black punctures ; eyes testa- 
ceous ; pronotum with the anterior margin concave, the anterior 
angles dilated, rounded, and moderately laminate, the lateral 
margins slightly sinuate, ti'ausverse furrow only slightly indicated ; 
scutellum without perceptible transverse basal furrow. Body 
beneath very dark dull olivaceous ; abdomen with a marginal series 
of about three rows of small dark ochraceous spots ; legs dark 
castaneous, femora streaked with ochraceous ; head beneath 
ochraceous at base. 

Length 6 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Atkinson Coll., Brit. Mas.). 

25. Coptosoma cicatricostim, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 66. 1.3 (1851). 

Black, shining, thickly and finely punctate ; head rugose, eyes 
red ; pronotum with the lateral margins much dilated, distinctly 
emargiuate in front of the lateral angles, a strong transverse 
punctured impression across the anterior disk ; scutellum with a 
well-defined very slightly elevated basal callosity, the whole 
surface covered with smooth, reddish, elevated spots, with the 
interstices thickly punctured. Body beneath black, shining, the 
sternum opaque ; legs black ; rostrum dark castanetfus with the 
apes black. 

Length 6 ; max. breadth 6 millim. 

Hah. "North India'' {Boys Coll., Brit. Mit$.). 



COPXOSOMA. 19 

20. Coptosoma priscum, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 236 (1901). 

Shining black above ; head with the anterior halves of the 
lateral lobes more or less ochraceous ; pronotuin with the anterior 
lateral margin and a marginal line near lateral angles, an irregular 
transverse series of markings across anterior disk, a similar oblique 
series on anterior lateral dilatations, and two spots on antei'ior 
margin, ochraceous ; scutellum with the base and lateral areas 
mottled with ochraceous. Body beneath black, the sternum 
opaque, the abdomen shining; legs, lateral margins, and a small 
angulated spot at the apex of each abdominal segment, ochra- 
ceous ; antennae piceous. 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Margherita {Doherty). 

B. Pronotiun tvith the lateral margitis neither strongly dilated nor 
emarginate. 

a. Scutellum ivithout a distinct transverse basal callosity. 

27. Coptosoma duodecimpunctatum, Genu. (Thvreocoris) Zeitsckr. 

i, p. 30 (1839) ; Herv.-Schiiff. (Thyreocoris) Wanz. Ins. v, p. 14, 
t. 150. f. 474 (1839) ; Dall List Hem. i, p. 62 (1851) ; StSl, En. 
Hem. V, p. 10 (1876) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 30 (1887). 

Body above brassy-black ; eyes, lateral margins of pronotum, a 
sublateral marginal line to scutellum, eight spots on pronotum — 
four at anterior, one on each lateral margin, and two on disk — and 
four basal spots to scutellum reddish-ochraceous. Body beneath 
black ; the head and sternum opaque, the abdomen moderately 
shining ; antennae, rostrum, and legs brownish-ochraceous ; bases 
of femora, apices of antennae, and rostrum piceous ; lateral margins 
of abdomen broadly ochraceous, inwardly bidentate on each seg- 
ment and with large black stigmatal spots. 

Length 6 to 7 ; max. breadth 5| to 6| millim. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasi Hills (Chennell) ; Cachar (Coll. Dist.); 
Barwai and Burhanpur {Brit. Mus.). Pegu, Palon {Fea). — Also 
found in the Malay Peninsula : Perak ; Penang. 

28. Coptosoma denticeps, Montaml Rev. Ent. Fra7iq. 1893, p. 227. 

This species, as stated by Montandon, is nearly identical with 
the preceding species (C duodecimpunctatum^ Germ.) in shape, 
markings, and colour. The punctuation, however, is stronger and 
more dense on the upper surface, the lateral margins of the pro- 
notum more dilated, and, above all, the head possesses a distinct 
tooth in front of each eye. 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 4| millim. 

Hah. " India " {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



c2 



20 PENTATOMID^. 

2U. CoptOSOma lethierryi, Montand. Her. Ent. Fran<;. 1892, p. 284. 

Uniform indigo-blacli above, shining ; eyes brownish-ochraceous : 
basal margin of coriiim and connexivum reddish-ochraceous : body 
beneath shining indigo-black, opaque on sternum and underside 
of head ; lateral margins of metasternum and abdomen — the latter 
inwardly toothed on each segment — reddish-ochraceous ; antennae 
and legs brownish-ochraceous, the femora more or less piceous. 

Length 4| to 5; max. breadth 4 to 4| millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Mungphu {Coll. Leihierrxj). Burma; Karennee 
{Feci). 

30. CoptOSOma modigliani, 3Iontand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Genor. xxxiiir 
p. 296 (1893). 

Dark blackish-castaneous, shining ; anterior lateral dilated 
margin of pronotum ochraceous with a central piceous line ; eyes 
and four spots to pronotum (two on anterior area and one near 
each lateral angle) brownish-ochraceous ; scutellum without a 
basal callosity, but narro\^ly brownish-ochraceous on each basal 
area, where there is an included dark spot ; basal margin of coriuni 
and an intramarginal line to scutellum ochraceous. Body beneath 
dark castaneous, the abdomen shining, the sternum opaque ; lateral 
margins of prosternum largely ochraceous ; antennae, rostrum, and 
legs brownish-ochraceous, extreme femoral bases piceous ; abdo- 
minal margin and small spots at apex of each segment ochraceous : 
these spots double on the second, third, and fourth segments, 
single and smaller on the fifth and sixth segments. 

Length 3| to 4 ; max. breadth 4 to 4| millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Shan Toma {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). — 
Originally received from the Island of Engario. 



b. ^cntelhim ivith a distinct hasal callosity. 

31. CoptOSOma distant!, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belli, xxxvii, p. 564 
(1893). 

Shining bronzy-black ; anterior half of head, lateral margins of 
pronotum (very broad at lateral angles), a spot at each apex of basal 
callosity, and the lateral and apical areas of scutellum ochraceous : 
a sublateral row of dark punctures in the anterior lateral prcnotal 
dilatations, the ochraceous markings at lateral angles of pronotum 
and those on the scutellum thickly and darkly punctate ; anterior 
margin of head narrowly black, margins of central lobe piceous ;, 
sternum opaque black ; abdomen shming black. Head beneath 
rostrum, antennae, lateral margins of sternum, legs, lateral abdo- 
minal margin, and a long spot occupying about apical third of each 
abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Var. Ochraceous lateral areas of the scutellum broken centrally 
by the black ground-colour. 



COPXOSOMA. 21 

Length 3| to 4 ; max. breadth 3| to 4 millim. 
Hah. Xaga Hills {Doherty). — Also found in Tibet, Mou-Piu, 
by Pei-e David. 

32. Coptosoma COntectum, Monfand. Amt. Soc. Ent. Behj. xxxvii, 

p. 5G7 (1893). 

Black, shining ; head with a spot at base of central lobe and 
the anterior area from about between eyes more or less ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the anterior dilated lateral margins and an inner 
oblique line reaching the lateral angles ochraceous ; seutellum 
with the margins very narrowly ochraceous ; sternum piceous, 
opaque ; abdomen shining black. Head beneath, lateral margins 
of sternum, antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of abdomen, 
a double longitudinal series of linear spots at apices of second, 
third, and fourth abdominal segments, and a single similar spot on 
■each of the remaining segments, ochraceous. 

Length 4 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Kurseong (Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 

33. Coptosoma varium, Montand. Ann. .S'oc. Ent. Beh/. xxxvii, p. 565 

(1893j. 

Head ochraceous, the basal area black ; pronotum and seutellum 
black with a central discal spot, the anterior dilated margins 
connected with a large subquadrate spot at lateral angles ; seu- 
tellum with the basal callosity, the lateral and apical margins, a 
large spot near each basal angle, and two large subquadrate spots 
connected with apical margin, ochraceous punctured with brown. 
Body beneath black, the sternum opaque ; head beneath, rostrum, 
antennae, legs, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, and a 
long, blunt, ray-like fascia, with a central darker line, from apex 
of each abdominal segment, ochi'aceous ; fourth and fifth joints of 
antennae and apex of rostrum infuscated. 

Length 4 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Euby Mines (Doherti/). 



II. Head large, obtuse, subsemicircular in front of eyes. 

A. Apices of lateral lohes of head not entirely meetiiig in 
front of central lohe. 

34. Coptosoma ramosum. Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 93 (1867) ; Dist. A. M. 
N. H. (7) iv, p. i>16 (1899). 
Coptosoma loriae, Montand. Ann. Mus. Clo. Gen. xxxiv, p. 415 
(1895) 

Above shining black ; head with a broad marginal fascia on 
each lateral lobe, pronotum with the dilated anterior marginal 
areas (containing a central black line), two transverse spots near 



22 PENTATOMID^. 

anterior margin with a smaller spot behind each, some indistinct 
transverse discal markings, and an oblique spot near each lateral 
angle, ochraceous ; scutellum with two large transverse spots in the 
basal callosity (each with a central blackish spot), a small spot 
before each basal angle, and some scattered discal markings, of which 
there is a central apical more or less longitudinal spot, ochraceous. 
Body beneath black, the sternum opaque ; antennae, rostrum, legs, 
inner lateral prosternal margins, and an irregular double series of 
marginal abdominal spots, ochraceous. 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hab. Andaman Islands {CoU. DisU). — Originally received from 
New Guinea. 

35. Coptosoma saniosum, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 237 (1901). 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly punctured and mottled with dark 
castaneous ; head with the base and margins of central lobe 
piceous ; eyes and ocelli pale castaneous ; pronotum with the 
anterior third separated by a distinct transverse impression, within 
which are two discal angulated piceous lines, a submargiual hue 
in anterior lateral margins, and a narrow anterior submarginal 
line, piceous ; a central pale line extends through the pronotum 
and basal callosity of the scutellum. Body beneath black, the 
sternum opaque, the abdomen shining ; head beneath browuish- 
ochraceous ; lateral margins of sternum and lateral pronotal dilata- 
tions, antennae, legs, rostrum, abdominal lateral margins, and a 
long ray-like fascia — the centre of which is black — on each seg- 
ment, ochraceous. 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). 

B. Apices of lateral lohes of head completely meeting in front 
of central lohe. 

a. Abdomen ivitli long ray-lilce marginal spots. 

36. Coptosoma cribrarium, Fabr. (Cimex) Fid. Syd. Siip2il. p. 531 
(1798); id. (Tetvra) Syst. Bhymj. p. 143 (1803) ; Btinn. (Thyreo- 
coris) Handb. ii*(l), p. 384 (1*835) ; Amy. Sj Serv. Hem. p. m", t. 2, 
f. 4 (1843) ; St&l, En. Hem. v, p. 12 (1876) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, 
p. 31 (1887) ; Dist. A. M. K. H. (7) iv, p. 215 (1899). 

Coptosoma atomariuni pt., Vol/. Ind. Keerl. p. 50 (1863). 

Coptosoma xaiithochlora, JVallx. Cat. Het. i, p. 87 (1867). 

Ochraceous- or greenish-yellow, somewhat thickly covered with 
prominent dark brown punctures ; head with the margins of the 
central lobe and an oblique spot behind each eye piceous, eyes 
pale castaneous ; pronotum with the basal and broadest area 
distinctly defined by a transverse series of coarse punctures, the 
anterior area is very much less punctate, contains two discal 



COPTOSOMA. 



23 



transverse angulated striae, and a sublateral series of punctures in 
each anterior lateral dilatation ; scutellum with the basal callosity 
well-defined by a marginal impression, and connected on each side 
with the lateral margin by a continuous linear series of punctures. 
Body beneath black, the sternum opaque, the abdomen shining ; 
head beneath, lateral margins of sternum, antennae, rostrum, coxae, 






Fig. 11. — Coptosoma cribrarmm. 

legs, lateral abdominal margins, and a long ray-like fascia on eacli 
additional segment — each of these fascia) containing a centnil 
black line — ochraceous. 

Length 4;j to 5 ; max. breadth 4 to M millim. 

Hah. Calcutta ; Bombay ; Barwai ; Burhanpur ; Bangalore : 
Nilgiri Hills; Naga Hills. Burma ; Metanja, Swegu, Waa,mo{Fea). 
Tenasserim. — Also received from China and Formosa. 



37. Coptosoma sparsum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Behj. xxxviii, 
p. 257 (1894). 

Pale ochraceous, somewhat uniformly punctured with brown. 

Closely allied to C. crihrarium (Fabr.), but differing by the 
absence of the dark transverse markings to the anterior disk of 
the pronotum, and also by the absence of the distinct impressed 
margin to the basal callosity of the scutellum. 

Length 3| ; max. breadth 3| millim. 

Hah. Central India ; Barwai {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



38. Coptosoma nilgirense, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 238 (1901). 

Dull opaque ochraceous, very sparingly and irregularly punc- 
tate ; head impunctate ; pronotum with the anterior, lateral, and 
basal areas impunctate, the punctures being sparingly distributed 
on the disk ; scutellum very sparingly punctate, a longitudinal 
space on each side of base impunctate. 

Other characters as in 0. crihrarium (Fabr.). 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (Hampson). 



24 pentatomidjE. 

39. Coptosoma pravum, Mvntand. Ann. Soc. Ent. BeJq. xl, p. 106 
(1896). 

Ochraceous, punctaired and reticulated w'xih dark castaneous ; 
head with the central lobe and base castaneous ; pronoUim with 
the anterior third impunctate, containing two sub-connected 
angulated fasciae on disk and a central series of punctures in the 
anterior dilated lateral margins, castaneous ; remaining area 
reticulated with castaneous, its anterior margin defined by a 
transverse linear series of punctate spots ; scutellum with the 
basal callosity less reticulated than remaining surface and ^itli a 
short transverse levigate spot on each side. Body beneath black, 
the sternum opaque ; head beneath, lateral margins of sternum 
and abdomen, legs, rostrum, antennae, and two rather long ray-like 
spots at apices of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 41 ; max. breadth 4| millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Myitta {Doherty). 

b. Abdomen with short marginal spots. 

40. Coptosoma pardalinum, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 13 (1876) ; Afk. J. 
^.^•.5. vol. Ivi, p. 32(1887). 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly covered with subreticulate black 
markings ; head, with the margins of the central lobe widening 
into spots at the ocelli, black ; anterior ai'ea of the prouotum 
impunctate, containing two transverse angulate black striae 
centrally connected with the head and transverse impression, a sub- 
lateral series of brown punctures in each anterior dilated margin, 
posterior area of pronotum and scutellum with subreticulate black 
markings, the basal callosity to scutellum with its lateral apices 
and a central spot ochraceous, levigate ; sternum piceous, opaque ; 
abdomen black, shining. Head beneath, rostrum, legs, antennae, 
lateral margins of abdomen, and a double series of spots at apex of 
each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 4| ; max. breadth 4^ millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim (Montand, Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



41. Coptosoma limbatum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xl, p. 115 
(1896). 

Ochraceous, thickly punctured with brown ; head, anterior area 
and lateral margins of pronotum, basal callosity, with a small 
transverse spot a little above its apices, and lateral and apical 
margins of scutellum, ochraceous, levigate ; central lobe and base 
of head, transverse angulated striae, and a central line to anterior 
area of pronotum, a sublateral series of punctures in each anterior 
pronotal dilatation, and the margins of basal callosity to scutellum 
dark castaneous ; sternum piceous, opaque ; abdomen shining 
black : head beneath, antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins 



OOPTOSOMA. 25 

sternum and abdomen, and a double row of spots on each 
segmental apex, ochraceous. 

Length 3| to 3| ; max, breadth 3:^ to 3| millim. 

Hab. Tenasserim ; JNIyitta {Dolierty). 

42. CoptOSOma abbreviatum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belq. xxxviii, 

p. 26o (1894). 

Pale yellow, irregularly punctured with piceous ; anterior disk 
of pronotum marked much as in C. crihrannm (Fabr.) ; punctures 
a little thicker and darker than in that species, being especially 
larger and darker on the lateral areas of the scutellura, which also 
possesses a distinct central levigate line extending about halfway 
from base. Abdomen with a series of short spots at apices 
of abdominal segments. 

Length 2| ; max. breadth 2| millim. 

Hah. Central India ; Barwai {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 

c. Abdomen ivith a transverse linear series of marginal spots. 

43. CoptOSOma signaticoUe, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beh/. xl, p. 112 

(1896). 

Very closely allied to C. Umbatum, Montand., but smaller, more 
elongate, the transverse dark striae on anterior area of pronotum 
connected, not centrally divided ; beneath, the spots at the 
abdominal segmental apices are linear, transverse, one in each 
segment. 

Length 2| ; max. breadth 2^ millim. 

Hab. Trichinopoly (Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



IIL Head dissimilar in the two sexes : in males the lateral lobes 
somewhat foliaceous, their margin reflexed, their apices 
meeting in front of the central lobe. 

44. Coptosoma amyoti, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1896, p. 448. 

Ochraceous, punctured with piceous ; head with the whole 
basal ai-ea piceous : pronotum with two large transverse piceous 
fasciae on anterior disk, connected centrally where there is a short 
longitudinal prolongation on each side, sublateral linear series 
of black punctures in each anterior lateral dilatation ; scutellum 
with a somewhat large piceous central basal spot. Body beneath 
piceous ; legs, antennae, and rostrum reddish-ochraceous ; lateral 
margins of abdomen and a ti-ansvei'se series of linear spots 
covering apices of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length J 4 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hab. Pondicherry {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



26 PENTATOMID.E. 

IV. Head with the central lobe free, about as long as 
lateral lobes or nearly as long. 

A. Head entirely black. 

45. Coptosoma libidinosum, Montund. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. xxxviii, 

p. 277 (1894). 

Black, shining ; lateral margins of pronotum and anterior lateral 
margins w ith an inner oblique fascia, two rounded spots at base of 
scutellum — one near each end of basal callosity — and the extreme 
lateral and apical margins of scutellum, ochraceous. Body beneath 
black ; antennae and legs ochraceous ; lateral margins of abdomen 
and a posteriorly angulated spot at base of each abdominal segment 
ochraceous. 

Length 3 to 3| ; max. breadth "2^^ to 3 millim. 

Hah. Central India ; Barwai {fontanel. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



B. 



Head ivith a small reddish sj)ot in front of eyes. 



46. Coptosoma sphsernla, Girin. (Thyreocoris) Zeitschr. i, p. 25. 2 
(1839). 
Var. illuminatum, Montand. Aim. Soc. Ent. Belg. xl, p. 450 (189G). 

Black, shining ; a very small castaneous spot in front of eyes, 
Avhich are almost the same colour ; two small spots on pronotum 
behind eyes, the prouotal lateral margins and an inner oblique line, 
and lateral and apical margins of scutellum ochraceous. Body 
beneath black ; antennae, rostrum, and legs brovvnish-ochraceous ; 
lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, and a double row of longi- 
tudinal linear spots at apices of abdominal segments ochraceous. 

Length 3 ; max. breadth 3 millim. 

Hah. Central India; Barwai {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). — A 
common Javan insect. 

47. Coptosoma parvulum, Ball. List Hem. l, p. 65 (1851). 

Black, shining, very thickly and finely punctured ; head with a 
small reddish spot on each side before the eyes ; eyes reddish- 
brown ; pronotum with a faint transverse furrow across the centre, 
the anterior lateral dilated margins ochraceous ; scutellum with a 
distinct basal callosity ; lateral basal margin of corium ochraceous. 
Body beneath black ; abdomen with the lateral margin and a 
submarginal spot on sides of each segment ochraceous ; legs and 
antennae brownish-ochraceous, bases of the femora brownish. 

Length 2| to 2h ; max. breadth 2\ to 2^ millim. 

Hah. "East IrC&ies"— {Wool ey's Coll., Brit. Mm.). 



COPTOSOMA. 27 

C. Head ivith lateral lobes in front of eyes ochraceous. 
A. Apical half of scutellum more or less ocJiraceous. 

48. Coptosoma assamense, Atk. Proc A. S. B. 1886^ p. 174 : 

J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 35, n. 25 (1887). 

Body above black ; head with the lateral lobes from about 
in front of eyes ochraceous, with their extreme margins black ; 
anterior dilated margin of pronotum — intersected by a narrow- 
black line — two small spots on anterior margin, two large 
transverse linear spots on anterior disk and a small spot near each 
lateral angle, a large transverse spot at each end of the basal 
callosity of the scutellum, followed by a very small basal spot 
on each side, the lateral margins and nearly posterior half of disk, 
ochraceous ; the posterior ochraceous area is thickly and darkly 
punctate except on margins and contains a large rounded 
marginal black spot on each side. Body beneath black ; legs, 
rostrum, antennae, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, and a 
series of somewhat linear spots, one on the apex of each abdominal 
segment, ochraceous. 

Length 2| to 3 ; max. breadth 2| to 3 millim. 

Hah. Assam. 

49. Coptosoma biosculatlim, Montand. Ami. Soc. Etif. Belq. xxxviii, 

p. 1^71 (18i»4). 

Black, about apical two-thirds of the scutellum ochraceous, 
thickly punctate, and with a large rounded black spot near apex of 
each lateral margin ; lateral lobes of head in front of eyes, lateral 
mai-gins of pronotum (divided by a black line of punctures), 
lateral angles, and two linear curved fasciae on disk of pronotum, 
ochraceous : a large transverse luteous spot near each apex of the 
basal callosity to scutellum. Body beneath black, the sternum 
opaque ; autenuse, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of sternum and 
abdomen, and a spot at the apex of each abdominal segment, 
ochraceous. 

Length 3j ; max. breadth 3j millim. 

Hah. Central India; Barwai {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mas.). 
Burma ; Ruby Mines (Doherty). — Also received from Tonkin. 

50. Coptosoma caudatum, Montand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. xxxiv, 

p. 1l^9 (1894;. 

Black, shining, about posterior half of scutellum ochraceous, 
thickly aud brownly punctate, with a small black spot near apex of 
each lateral margin ; lateral lobes of head in front of eyes, lateral 
margins of pronotum — toothed internally, and intersected with a)i 
oblique line of dark punctures, — anterior margin, widely separated 
at centre, two curved transverse spots on anterior disk, and the 
lateral angles, a large transverse spot at each apex of basal 



28 



PENTATOMID.E. 



callosity of scutelhim, followed by a small transverse spot near 
each basal angle, and the lateral and apical margins, ochraceous. 
Body beneath black, the sternum opaque ; head beneath, antennae, 
rostrum, legs, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, and a spot 
at the apex of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 3 to 3| ; max. breadth 3 to 3i millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karen nee (Feci), Momeit (Doherty). 

51. Coptosoma pulchellum, Mont and. Ann. Mus. Genur. xxxiv, p. 136 

(1894). 
Var. discinctum, var. oumimuuduni, & var. impeditum, Montand. 
Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xl, pp. 118-9 (1896). 

Head ochraceous, the base and central lobe black ; pronotum 
black mottled with ochraceous or wholly black, anterior margin, 
broken at centre, lateral margins, an oblique sublateral fascia to 
anterior dilatations, and two transverse fasciae (sometimes very 
indistinct) on anterior disk, ochraceous ; scutellum with a large 
black basal spot crossing basal callosity, where it is sometimes 
margined on each side with a bright ochraceous levigate spot, also 
a black spot on each lateral margin beyond middle. Body beneath 
black ; head beneath, lateral margins of sternum, antennae, 
rostrum, legs, lateral margins of abdomen, and a notched transverse 
spot at the apex of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Leugth 3 to 3| ; max. breadth 3 millim. 

Hah. Pondicherry {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). Burma ; 
Karennee (Fea). Tenasserim ; Myitta {Doherty). — Also recoi'ded 
from Java and China. 



B. Scutelhim ivith the apex broadly and angularly ochraceous. 
52. Coptosoma W, Montand. Rev. Ent. Franq. xii, p. 237 (1893). 

Above black ; lateral lobes of the head from about in front of 
^yes ochraceous, their margins narrowly black ; the margins of the 




Fig. 12. — Cojyfosoma. W. 
anterior lateral dilatations of pronotum, an inner oblique line 



COPTOSOMA. 2d 

connected with the anterior margin, much broken in centre, two 
transverse linear spots on anterior disk and a small spot near each 
lateral angle, also a large transverse spot on each side of the basal 
callosity of scutellum, each followed by a very small basal spot', the 
lateral margins, and a large W-shaped spot on apical area connected 
with the lateral margins, ochraceous. Body beneath black ; head 
beneath, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of sternum, and a marginal 
series of large bifid ray-like spots to abdomen, ochraceous. 

Var. a. W-shaped spot to scutellum not reaching lateral 
margins. 

Var. b. W-shaped spot to scutellum practically absent. 

Length 4; max. breadth 3| millim. 

Hab. Central India ; Barwai {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mus.). 
Burma ; Bhamo {Feci). 



53. 



Coptosoma margheritaB, Bid. A. M. N. H. (7) viii,p. 238 (1901). 
Coptosoma W?, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 216 (1899). 

Black, shining ; lateral lobes of head in front of eyes (excluding 
their extreme outer margins), lateral margins of pronotum divided 
by a central black line, and two small spots behind head ochra- 
ceous ; scutellum with two large central basal spots, and two 
large apical subquadrate spots united on apical margin and 
connected with the narrow lateral margins, reddish-ochraceous. 
Body beneath black ; head beneath, lateral margins of sternum, 
rostrum, legs, and a marginal series of large bifid ray-like spots to 
abdomen, ochi*aceous. 

Length 4 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hab. Assam ; Margherita (Atkinson Coll., Brit. Mus.). 

G. Scutellum blade, the apical half concolorous. 

a. Pronotum with a brolcen pale anterior margin. 

a'. Scutellum ivith spots on basal callositi/. 

54. Coptosoma cardoni, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. x\, p. 448 (1896). 

Black, shining, punctate, the punctures particularly close, coarse 
and prominent on the lateral margins of the pronotum and on each 
lateral area of the scutellum ; lateral lobes of head in front of 
eyes, anterior dilated lateival margins of pronotum (intersected 
by a black line of punctures), the anterior margin, broadly broken 
at centre, a small spot near each end of the basal callosity 
and the margins of scutellum, ochraceous. Body beneath black ; 
antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, 
and a linear spot crossing apex of each abdominal segment, 
ochraceous. 

Length '6 ; max. breadth 3 millim. 

Hab. Central India ; Barwai {Montand. Coll., Brit. Mm.). 



30 PENTATOMID.5. 

55. CoptOSOma erOSUm, Montand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. xxxiv, p. 131 

(1894). 

Body above black ; head with the lateral lobes from about in 
front of eyes ochraceous, their extreme margin black ; pronotum 
with the anterior lateral dilatations intersected by a black line, 
anterior margin widely broken at centre, two transverse linear 
slightly curved spots on anterior disk, and a spot at each lateral 
ano-le, ochraceous ; scutellum with a large transverse spot on each 
side of the basal callosity, followed on each side by a small basal 
spot, and the margins, ochraceous ; scutellum also with a patch 
near each basal angle, and a larger one on apical area brownish- 
ochraceous and coarsely and darkly punctate. Bod}^ beneath 
black ; head beneath, antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of 
sternum and abdomen, and a linear spot crossing apex of each 
abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 2| to 3 : max. breadth 2| to 3 millim. 

Bah. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 

56. Coptosoma nepalense, WesUc. in Hope Cat. i, p. 17 (1837). 
Coptosonia cii'cumscriptum, Ball, {iiec Germ.) List Hem. i, p. 63. 3 

(18ol). . ^ A 

Coptosoma cinctum, J ollenh. Faim. Ind. Neerl. \, p. 46 (1863).C>^^ i •■J 
Coptosoma ohrosum, Montand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Ge)i. xxxiv, p. 138 

(1894). 

• Above shining black ; head with the lateral lobes in front of 
eyes ochraceous, their margins narrowly black ; pronotum with 
the lateral margins, intersected by an oblique black line at anterior 
dilatation, and anterior margin broadly broken at centre, ochra- 
ceous ; scutellum with a small spot at each end of basal callosity, 
a small transverse spot near basal angle, and the lateral and 
posterior margins, ochraceous. Body beneath black, the sternum 
opaque ; antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of sternum and 
abdomen, and a linear spot — interiorly toothed — at end of each 
abdominal segment, ochraceous ; coxae and bases of femora piceous. 

Length 3 : max. breadth 3 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Mungphu {Coll. Dist.). Burma; Shwegu (i^ra). 
— Apparently also found generally throughout the Malay Archi- 
pelago. 

57. Coptosoma siamicum, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 89. 39 (1867) : Dist. 

A. M. A. H. (7) viii, p. 240 (1901). 
Coptosoma coucinuula, bellula, & inclusa, Walk. loc. cit. pp. 94, 95. 
Coptosoma sauudersii, Leth. i^'- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. t. i, p. 9 (1893). 
Coptosoma sphserula (part.), Leth. i^- Sev. loc. cit. p. 9; Did. A. M. 

A^ if. (7) iv, p. 215 (1899). 
Coptosoma minima, Atk. J. A. S. li. Ivii, p. 342 (1889); Kulg. 

Arch.f. Natunj. 190], p. 224. 
Coptosoma pygmseum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xl, p. 120 

(1896) ; Kiilij. Arch.f. Nattinj. 1901, p. 221. 



COPTOSOMA. 31 

Var. orbicula, Walk. 
Coptosoma orbicula & blandula, Walk. Cat. Het. i, pp. 91, 9G, 

nn. 47, 61 (1867). 
Coptosoma pygmoeum, var. accensitum, Montand. Atm. Soc. Ent. 
Bely. xl, p. 447 (1896). 

Black, shining; lateral lobes of the head from front of eyes ochra- 
ceous, their extreme margins black ; pronotum with the anterior 
margin only indicated by two small spots, or else widely broken, 
the lateral margins, intersected by a black line on anterior dilata- 
tions, and a spot at lateral angles variable in size, ochraceous ; 
scutellum with a spot at apices of basal callosity — sometimes 
small and rounded or transverse and elongate, — a smaller spot 
near basal angles variable in size, and the margins, ochraceous. 
Body beneath black, sternum opaque ; head beneath, rostrum, 
antennae, and legs reddish-ochraceous ; lateral margins of sternum 
and abdomen and a spot at apex of each abdominal segment pale 
ochraceous. 

Var. Pronotura with two discal transverse spots on anterior area. 

Length 2\ to 2i ; max. breadth 21 to 2^ millim. 

Hah. Calcutta. Central India ; Barwai. Ceylon. Burma ; 
Karennee, Mergui. — Also received from Siam, Tonkin, the Malayan 
Archipelago, and N. Australia. 

58. Coptosoma brunneum, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 342 (1889). 

Blackish or very dark castaneous ; central lobes of head in front 
of eyes, a spot at base of central lobe, and the ocelli ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the anterior lateral dilated margins, intersected 
by an oblique black line, anterior margin widely broken at centre, 
and two transverse lines on anterior disk, ochraceous ; lateral angles 
pale castaneous ; scutellum with a small reddish spot at each end 
of basal callosity and the lateral and apical margins ochraceous. 
Body beneath black ; head beneath, rostrum, antennae, legs, lateral 
margins of the sternum and abdomen, and a linear spot at apex 
of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 3 ; max. breadth 2| millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Punduloya {Atkhison Coll., Brit. JIus.), 

h'. Smitellum with spots on hasal callosities inconstant, 

59. Coptosoma noualhieri, Montand. Ann. Soc Ent. Bely. xl, p. 439 

(1896). 
Var. obscuratum, Montand. ibid. p. 441. 

Above black, shining ; head with the lateral lobes ochraceous, 
their margins narrowly black ; pronotum with the lateral margins 
ochraceous, inwardly edged with an oblique series of black punc- 
tures ; scutellum with the lateral and apical margins very nar- 
rowly ochraceous. (Basal callosity of the scutellum sometimes 
containing a very minute ochraceous spot a little before its apices, 
and with some tessellate ochraceous markings a little beneath its 



32 pentatomidjE. 

apices.) Body beneath black, the sternum opaque ; head beneath, 
antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, 
and a linear spot at the apex of each abdominal segment, 
ochraceous. 

Length 3 to 3^ ; max. breadth 3 to 3| millim. 

Hah. Central India; Barwai. Palui Hills {Montand. Coll., Brit, 
Mus.). 

c. Sniiellum iviih basal callosity ochraceous, or ochraceous 
and darJcly punctate. 

60. Coptosoma breve, WaUc Cat. Jfet. i, p. 89 (1867). 

Black, shining ; lateral lobes in front of eyes ochraceous, 
their extreme margins black ; pronotum with the lateral margins, 
intersected with a line of dark punctures at the anterior dilata- 
tions, anterior margin and a subanterior fascia, both finely broken 
centrally, and the lateral angles, ochraceous ; scutellum with the 
whole of the basal callosity, a transverse spot at basal angles, and 
the lateral and apical margins ochraceous. Body beneath black, 
the sternum opaque ; head beneath, antennae, rostrum, legs, latera. 
margins of sternum and abdomen, and an irregularly shaped spot 
at apex of each abdominal segment, ochraceous. 

Length 3i ; max. breadth 3^ millim. 

Eab. Burma (Brit. Mus.). 

61. Coptosoma laticeps, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 68 (1851). 

Above black, shining ; head with the lateral lobes in front of 
eyes ochraceous, their extreme margins black ; pronotum with the 
lateral margins very broadly and the anterior margin narrowly — 
widely broken at centre — ochraceous, the lateral margins much 
punctured with brown ; scutellum with a very narrow and slightly 
elevated basal callosity ochraceous with a few scattered punctures, 
the margins dull ochraceous punctured and mottled with brown. 
Body beneath black, the sternum opaque; head beneath, rostrum, 
antenna, legs, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen, and a 
spot at apex of each abdominal segment, ochraceous ; bases of the 
femora castaneous. 

Length 4 ; max. breadth 3| millim. 

Hab. Ceylon (Brit, Mus.). 

b. Pronotum witJi. entire anterior margin pale. 

62. Coptosoma distigmum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xl, p. 441 
(1896). 
Above black, shining; lateral lobes of head in front of eyes 
ochraceous, their extreme outer margins black; pronotum with 
the lateral anterior dilated margins, an inner oblique line, the 
anterior margin, the lateral angles and some scattered markings 
between them ochraceous, the last distinctly coarsely punctate ; 
scntellum with a spot at each end of the basal callosity and the 



COPTOSOMA. 33 

narrower lateral and apical margins ochraceous. Body beneath 
black, the sternum opaque ; legs, rostrum, and antennae brownish- 
ochraceous ; lateral margins of the sternum and abdomen, and a 
spot, generally inwardly notched, at each apex o£ the abdominal 
segments, ochraceous. 

Length 3 ; max. breadth 3 milHm. 

Hah. " India " {Montand. Coll. Brit. Mus.). 

63. Coptosoma integrum. Walk. Cat. Het. \, p. 88 (1867). 

Allied to C. indicum, Dist., but larger, with the anterior margin 
of the pronotum ochraceous, other markings similar. Prouotum 
broader, basal callosity to the scutellum much more clearly 
defined. 

Length 3 ; max. breadth 2| millitn. 

Hab. "India" (Brit. Mus.). 

c. Pronotum u'ith the anterior margin concolorous. 

64. Coptosoma indicum, sp. u., Leth. in Utt. 

Black, shining ; lateral lobes of head from about front of eyes, 
lateral margins of the pronotum, basal margin of corium, lateral 
and apical margins of scutellum ochraceous. Body beneath black, 
sternum opaque ; antennae, rostrum, legs, lateral margins of 
sternum and abdomen, and a linear spou at end of each abdominal 
segment ochraceous. 

Length 2 ; max. breadth 2 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon : Point de Galle {D'Alhertis). — Also received from 
Siam. 

The smallest species at present known to occur in this fauna. 

65. Coptosoma nazirse, Afk. J. A. 8. B. Ivii, p. 343 (1889). 

Black, shining; lateral lobes of the head ochraceous, their 
margins somewhat broadly black ; eyes castaneous ; lateral margins 
of pronotum, intersected by a black line at anterior dilatations, 
lateral and posterior margins of scutellum, and a small transverse 
spot at each end of the basal callosity ochraceous. Body beneath 
black, the sternum opaque ; antennae, rostrum, legs, margins of 
the sternum and abdomen, and a spot at end of each abdominal 
segment ochraceous ; apical joint of antennae and bases of posterior 
femora infuscated. 

Length 2| to 3 ; max. breadth 2| to 3 millim. 

Hah. Assam. Sikhim : Mungphu (Atkinson Coll.). 

d. Pronotum with sometimes two small spots near anterior margin. 

66. Coptosoma feanum, Montand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. xxxiv, p. 142 

(1894). 

Above black, shining ; lateral lobes to head in front of eves 
ochraceous, or either as in the type specimen wholly, or only 

YOL. I. 1) 



34 PENTATOMID^. 

partially ochraceous ; lateral margins of the pronotum, intersected 
by a black line, and sometimes two small spots near anterior 
margin of pronotum, lateral and apical margins, and a large trans- 
verse spot at each end of the basal callosity to the scutellum, 
ochraceous. Body beneath black ; legs, antennae, rostrum, lateral 
margins of sternum and abdomen, and a spot at apex of each 
abdominal segment ochraceous. 

Length 3 ; max. breadth 3 millim. 

Hah. Hikhim : Mungphu {Ind. Mus.). Naga Hills (Doherty). 
Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). Burma : Karennee, Eangoon {Fea). 
Tenasserim, Myitta (Doherty). 

D. Head with whoJe anterior margin ochraceous. 

67. Coptosoma finibriatum, Dist. Trans. Ent. Sac 1887, p. 342, 

Body above shining black ; broad margins of head, eyes, ocelli, 
antennee, lateral margins of pronotum, abdominal margiii as seen 
at base of scutellum, head beneath, rostrum, legs, margins of 
sternum and abdomen, and anal segment, reddish-ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath shining black ; sternum dull opaque black. 

Length 5 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Sikbim. 

E. Head more or less ivhoUy ochraceous. 

68. Coptosoma testaceum, }]'alk. Cat. Het. i, p. 91 (18G7). 

Var. Coptosoma immaculatum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent, Behj. 
xxxviii, p. 265 (1894). 

Body above ochraceous, coarsely punctate ; head with the central 
lobe and base more or less castaneous ; pronotum with the anterior 
area for about one-third from anterior margin defined by a trans- 
verse line of castaneous punctures, within these is a central 
lono'itudinal line, on each side of which is a castaneous transverse 
angulate fascia, an oblique row of punctures in each anterior 
lateral dilatation, the posterior area somewhat greenish ; scutellum 
with a narrow basal callosity, the apices of which are pale ochra- 
ceous levigate; the whole central basal area of scutellum more or 
less castaneous ; sternum piceous, opaque ; abdomen shining cas- 
taneous : head beneath, lateral margins of sternum, antennae, 
rostrum, legs, lateral margins and elongate spots at apices of 
abdominal segments, ochraceous. 

Length 4 to 4| ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Calcutta '(/wL Mus.). Java {Brit. Mus.). 

69. Coptosoma pernobile, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 237 (1901). 

Above pale reddish-ochraceous, somewhat thickly covered with 
dark brown punctures ; head with the anterior margin, the central 
lobe, and basal fascia from inner margins of eyes black, eyes cas- 



COPTOSOMA. 35 

taneous ; antennae ochraceous, fourth and fifth joints infuscated ; 
pronotum with tAvo short curved transverse linear black fasciae on 
disk ; scutellum with a small macular cluster of dark punctures 
on each side of basal margin, and a similar spot at apex : head 
beneath and sternum piceous, opaque ; abdomen beneath shining 
black ; lateral margins of sternum, legs, lateral margins and two 
prominent ray-like fasciae at apex of each abdominal segment, 
ochraceous ; each of the ray-like fasciae possesses a small black 
spot at base. 

Length 6 ; max. breadth 6 millim. 

Hah. Assam : Margherita {Boherty). 

70. Coptosoma nobile, Dohm, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 400 (1860). 

Head ochraceous, the base and central lobe castaneous ; pro- 
notum castaneous, the anterior and lateral areas ochraceous, the 
anterior area with a central longitudinal fascia unitiug two large 
waved and augulated transverse fasciae castaneous, a sublateral 
linear series of castaneous punctures in the anterior lateral dilata- 
tion ; scutellum ochraceous, punctured and mottled with cas- 
taneous, the basal callosity pale ochraceous, with a central spot 
and its apices castaneous, and a few castaneous punctures on each 
side of the central spot ; beyoild the callosity is a large patch of 
dark castaneous and a subapical angulated fascia of the same 
colour ; sternum piceous, opaque, abdomen shining dark casta- 
neous: head beneath, lateral margins of sternum, antennae, rostrum, 
legs, lateral margins of abdomen, and lai'ge bifid spots at apices of 
abdominal segments, ochraceous. 

Length 4 ; max. breadth 3^ millim. 

Hah. Trichinopoly {Montand. Coll. Brit. Mus.). Ceylon {Brit. 
Mus.). 



The following species have not been seen by the writer : — 

71 . Coptosoma SOlitarium, Montand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Gm. xxxiv, p. 126 
(1894). 

Stated by Montandon to be somewhat allied to C. atomarium, 
Germ., having the head straightened, very prominent and atten- 
uated in front, with the lateral lobes separated, not meeting in 
front of the central lobe. The general colour is luteous punctured 
with black. 

Length 3 ; max. breadth 24 millim. 

Hah. Burma: Shwegu (Fca). 

Described from a single female example in the Genoa Museum. 

72. Coptosoma tenasserimense, Montand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Oen. xxxiv, 
p. 127 (1894). 

Described as having the appearance of a pale variety of C. pul- 

d2 



36 PENTATOMID^. 

cJiellum, Montand., iu which the ochraceous coloration predomi- 
nates ; it also differs by " la pouctuation aciculee de I'abdomen." 
Length 3 ; max. breadth 24 millim. 
Hab. Tenasserim : Aswon west of Moulmein (Fea), 
Described from a single female example in the G-enoa Museum. 

73. Coptosoma ophthalmicum, Ifontand. Ann. Mus. Civ. Oen. xxxiv, 
p. 140 (1894). 

This species is described as being easily recognized by the form 
and dimensions of the eyes, which are " globuleux, tres saillants, 
espace interoculaire moins de deux fois le diametre de I'oeil." 

It is also describeti as being subpentagonal, as long as wide 
posteriorly, black, shining, very finely punctate, yellow on the 
lateral margins of the pronotum and the exterior mai'gins of the 
scutellum ; two dull yellow spots in front of the pronotum level 
with the ocelli, and two similar spots at the apices of the basal 
callosity to the scutellum. 

Length 2^ to 3 ; max. breadth 2| to 3 millim. 

Hab. Burma: Karennee (Fea). 

Male and female specimens in the Genoa Museum. 



Genus TROPIDOTYLUS. 

Tropidotylus, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 4 (1876). 

Type, T. fasciolatus, Stal. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head with eyes much narrower than pronotum, the central lobe 
distinctly elevated and carinate, a little longer than the lateral 
lobes, which have their apices broadly convex : ocelli much farther 
from each other than from eyes ; pronotum with the anterior 
lateral angles flattened, dilated and rounded, lateral margins nearly 
straight or obtusely sinuate, anterior margins sinuate near eyes ; 
scutellum near base transversely impressed. 

74. Tropidotylus fasciolatus, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 15 (1876). 

j^ . Shining piceous, much 

.^^^^^Bt ^'N ^--^ irrorated with ochraceous, 

js^^^^^^^ notum, and basal angles of 

terminal black spots : bodf 
Fig. IS.-Tropidotylus fasciolatus. beneath piceous ; base of 

head, antennte, rostrum, legs, and a double series of small marginal 
spots to abdomen ochraceous. Pronotum with a transverse 



Bozius. 37 

impression on anterior area, before which the surface is very slightly 
gibbous. 

Length 6 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

Genus BOZIUS. 
Bozius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii. p. 238 (1901). 

Type, B. eccsicciis, Dist. 

Distrihution. Nilgiri Hills. 

Body moderately concave above, subovate; head deflected, con- 
vexly rounded in front, the central lobe as long as the lateral 
lobes but not elevated, a distinct transverse impression in front of 
eyes ; antennae moderately robust, second joint minute. Pronotum 
long, anterior margin concave, anterior lateral margins moderately 
laminately dilated, a distinct transverse impression about one-third 
from apex : scutellum very strongly transversely impressed near 
base, the impression not extending to the basal angles, and 
with a deep foveate impression on each side of its termination. 
Eostrum just passing the anterior coxse ; femora and tibise, 
especially the intermediate and posterior, somewhat longly hir- 
sute. Odoriferous apertures linear, ascending. Abdomen beneath 
pilose. 

Allied to Tropidotylus, but differing by the non-elevated central 
lobe to the head, the foveately depressed scutellum, different 
position of the odoriferous apertures, &c. 

75. Bozius exsiccus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 239 (1901). 

Dull ochraceous, somewhat coarsely and darkly punctate 
fourth and fifth joints of antennae, and some irregular markings 




Bo::ius exsiccus. 



on the scutellum, of which the most prominent are at the foveate 
impressions, two on anterior disk, three or four transverse spots 
on central lateral area, and some obscure apical spots piceous : 
sternum dull greyish opaque ; abdomen piceous : head beneath 



38 pbntatomidjB. 

lateral margins of sternum, legs, rostrum, and obscure mai'ginal 
abdominal spots dull ochraceous. Central impression and foveae 
to scutellum profound ; tbird, fourtb, and fifth joints of antennae 
subequal in lengtb, or third slightly longest. 

Leugth 5 ; max. breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). 

76. Bozius respersus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 239 (1901). 

Above ochraceous, punctured and mottled with piceous; head with 
the anterior margins, base and margins of central lobe, and basal 
area piceous ; pronotum with two piceous transverse subfoveate 
spots, each containing posteriorly a small ochraceous spot, imme- 
diately in front of the transverse impression, disk considerably 
mottled with piceous, anterior and anterior lateral margins ochra- 
ceous, levigate : scutellum with the basal impressed space with a 
black central fascia and black at the foveate extremities, on the 
basal half the punctures form somewhat oblique longitudinal fasciae, 
on the apical third there are some transverse series of iri'egularly 
shaped black spots. Body beneath piceous, the sternum opaque, 
the abdomen shining ; head beneath, rostrum, lateral margins of 
sternum, legs, antennae, lateral margins and an inner row of 
linear marginal spots to abdomen ochraceous ; fourth and fifth 
joints of antennae piceous. 

Length 6; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson) ; Ootacamund {Ath. Coll. Brit. 
Mus.). 



Subfamily II. SCUTELLERINiE. 

Scutellerida, St&l, Hem. Afr. \, p. 33 (1864). 

Scutellerinae, Dist. Biol. Centr.-Am., Rhynch. vol. i, p. lii. 1 (1880). 

The Scutellerinae as thus understood include the Scutellerides, 
Pachycorides, Tetyrides, and Eurygastrides (pt.) of Amyot and 
Serville ; the Pachycoridae and Eurygastridae of Dallas. We 
recognize the group as thus diagnosed by 8t§,l : — 

Primary and subtended veins of wings remote, including a broad 
central area ; hamus present ; scutellum very large, without frena. 

The Scutellerinae are distributed throughout all the zoo-geo- 
graphical regions ; in beauty, size, and number they reach their 
highest development in the Oriental and Ethiopian Kegions. The 
subfamily may be considered as focussed in the Malayan area, 
and is very strongly represented in the Indian fauna. 

As insect-pests the Scutellerinae probably play no inconsiderable 
role, but at present we only possess a scanty record. Poecilocoris- 
hardwickii is said to be a pest to the tea-shrubs in Bhutan, while 
from Cape Town I have received a report that Cri/ptacnis plnguis 
has been found in banana bundles from Natal. Eurygaster maurus, 



OXYPETMNA, 39 

a Palaearctic species also found in North-west India, has been 
stated in France to pierce and suck ears of wheat while in the 
green condition. 



Division ELVISURARIA. 
Elvisuraria, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 3 (1873). 

Meso- and metasterna with a central broad canal-like process, its 
margins very prominently raised ; pronotum and scutellum at base 
moderately convex ; pronotum at base posteriorly produced between 
the basal angles of the scutellum. Eostrum with the second joint 
much shorter than the two apical joints together and a little longer 
than the apical joint. Abdomen beneath with a bi'oad central 
sulcation, and with the incisures gradually curved on the disk. 

This division includes four genera containing a few species 
somewhat widely distributed ; two occur in this fauna. 

Body elongate ; prouotum ^Yitll the posterior 

margin convexly rounded Oxypbymna, p. 39. 

Body obovate ; pronotum with the posterior [p. 40. 

margin truncate Solenostethium, 

Genus OXYPRYMNA. 

Oxyprymna, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 5 (1873). 
Elvisura, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 35 (1864). 

Type, 0. sj^inolce, Sign. 

Distribution. The genus is at present known by one species from 
an indefinite Indian locality. 

Body elongate, gradually narrowing to apex of scutellum, which 
is produced in a small spine ; pronotum with the posterior margin 
convex ; scutellum with a central longitudinal ridge ; meso- and 
metasterna and abdomen beneath with a broad central furrow. 

77. Oxyprymna spinolae, Si(/n. (Elvisura) Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (4) i, 
p. 55, pi. ii, f. 2 (1801) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 5 (1873). 

I have not seen this species, but reproduce 

MSignoret's figure and the salient points of his 
description. 
Brilliant black, the head, pronotum, scu- 
tellum, and especially the abdomen covered 
with a grey powdery pubescence ; pronotum 
and scutellum with small, round, yellow spots, 
the last at about one-third from its apex with 
Fig. 15.- 0.iypri/mna a punctate yellow fascia. 

sphiolce. ' Length 16 ; breadth 9 millim. 

Hah. " India "(CoZZ.%u.). 



40 



PENTATOMID.?;. 



Genus SOLENOSTETHIUM. 

Solenosthedium, Spin. Ess. p. 360 (1837). 
Coeloglossa, Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 130 (1839). 
Solenostetliimii, Amy. ^- Serv. Hem. p. 26 (1843). 

Type, /S. liligerum, Thunb. An African species. 

Distribution. Throughout Africa ; India ; Annam ; China. 

Body obovate, convex ; antennae five-jointed, third joint about 
twice as long as the second ; pronotum sexangular, the posterior 
and lateral angles rounded ; scutellum almost entirely covering the 
abdomen ; sternum and abdomen centrally sulcated, the sternal 
sulcation with its margins strongly carinate. 

78. SolenostetMum rubropunctatum, Guer. (Scutellera) Voy. Cog., 
Zool. ii, 2, p. 157 (1830); DalL List Hem. i, p. 7. 4 (1851); Dist. 
A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 44 (1879) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 147 
(1887). 

Body above purplish brown or dark castaneous ; pronotum with 

seven reddish - ochraceous 
spots, three near each 
lateral margin and one on 
anterior disk ; scutellum 
with ten reddish-ochraceous 
spots, six on basal margin 
and four a little before 
centre ; antennae black, with 
the first (or sometimes the 
first and second joint) red- 
dish-ochraceous : body be- 
neath and legs ochraceous ; 
tibiae and tarsi sometimes 
black; abdomen with the stig- 




Fig. 16. — Solenostcthiurn ruhrojmnctaium. 



matal spots, and sometimes a series of spots on the margins of 
the abdominal svdcation, black. 

According to Atkinson the 6 has 10, the $ 8 spots on the 
scutellum. 

Length 14 to 18 millim. 

Hah. Eastern Garo Hills (Chennell). Tenasserim : Meetan 
['Eea). — Also found in the Malay Peninsula, Siam, and Cambodia. 

Division SPH^ROGOBARIA. 

Sphserocoraria, &tdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 3 (1873). 

Meso- and metasterna sometimes furrowed. Body above very 
convex ; head very much depressed, almost perpendicular ; basal 
mart^in of pronotum obtusely rounded towards the basal angles of 
the scutellum ; rostrum with the second joint much shorter than 
the two apical joints together. 

This is a small division, principally represented in the Ethiopian 
Region. One genus is eastern in its distribution. 



HTPEBONCUS. 41 

Genus HYPERONCUS. 

Hyperoncus, Sttd, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 615 ; E71. Hem. iii, 
■p. « (1873). 

Type, H. imnctellus, Stal. A species from the Philippines. 

Distribution. India, China, and probably throughout the Malay 
Archipelago. 

Body obovate, above very convex ; head strongly deflected, tri- 
angular ; rostrum reaching the apex of the third abdominal 
segment ; antennae five-jointed, first joint not reaching the apex of 
the head ; pronotum sexangular ; mesosternum slightly sulcated ; 
anterior margin of presternum obtusely roundly dilated towards 
the coxae ; odoriferous apertures extending outward in a long 
fuiTOW ; scutellum about as broad as the abdomen ; abdomen 
beneath with a moderate central sulcation. 

79. Hyperoncus lateritius, Westw. (Sphaerocoris) m Hope, Cat. Hem. 
i, p. 13(1837) ; Germ. (Sphferocoris) Zeitschr. i, p. 79 (1839) ; Ball. 
(Sphaerocoris) List Hem. \, p. 10. 8 (1851) ; Stal, En. Hem. iii, 
p. 7 (1873) ; Atk. J. A, S. B. Ivi, p. 148 (1887). 

Castaneous ; a spot at base of head, four spots in transverse 
series across pronotum, usually twelve spots to scutellum, six at 




Hyperoncus lateritius. 



base, four across centre, and two near apex, area of the odoriferous 
apertures, and a large central spot to abdomen, black. Thickly 
punctate, sternum more coarsely punctate. 

Length 11 to 14 millim. 

Hab. Assam {Brit. Mus.). China : Hong Kong. 

80. Hyperoncus uniformis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 60 (1901). 

Above ochraeeous ; thickly, finely, and darkly punctate, sparingly 
covered with very minute black spots ; sternum and legs ochraeeous, 
coarsely and darkly punctate ; abdomen brownish ochraeeous, with 
a broad, central, ill-defined fascia, the stigmatal spots and linear 
macular lateral margins ochraeeous ; the abdomen is also coarsely 
punctate, much less so on central area ; rostrum ochraeeous, its 
apical joint brownish ; antennae with the first and second joints 
ochraeeous, their apices brownish, third and fourth joints brownish, 
their bases ochraeeous. 

Length 11 ; width between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon {Green), 



42 ^ PENTATOMID.^. 

Division SOUTELLERARIA. 
Sciitelleraria, Stal, E7i. Kem. id, p. 3 (]873). 

Body beneath distinctly convex. Meso- and metasterna without 
wrinkles or ridges, sometimes furrowed. Thorax and scutellum 
with their bases more or less convexly inclined, the first hindwardly, 
the second forwardly, the convexity principally visible from the 
side ; pronotum distinctly truncated posteriorly before the base of 
the scutellum, basal angles generally very distinct. Second joint 
of rostrum generally shorter, and often much shorter, than the two 
apical joints taken together. 

This division of the Scutellerinae is distributed throughout all 
the warmer regions of the earth and is largely represented in this 
fauna. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

I. Head elongate, gradually narrowed to apex, 

its lateral margins scarcely sinuate Cantao, p. 42. 

II. Head shorter and broader, the lateral 

margins distinctly sir.uate. 

A. Antennae of four j oints. 

a. Abdomen furrowed longitudinally .... Tetrarthhia, p. -19. 

b. Abdomen not furrowed Fitha, p. 04. 

B. Antennae of five joints. 

a. Abdomen distinctly furrowed longi- 

tudinally beyond middle. 

a. Body broad, ovate Pcecilocoris, p. 44. 

b. Body elongate Scutellera, p. 50. 

b. Abdomen only furrowed near base .... Brachyaulax, p. .52. 

c. Abdomen not longitudinally furrowed. 
a. Third joint of antennae twice or more 

than twice the length of second 
joint. 
a'. Scutellum not quite covering 

abdomen, conuexivum exposed . . Calliphara, p. 53. 
b', Scutellum completely covering 

abdomen, except at base Chrysocoris, p. 54. 

h. Third joint of autennte longer than 

second, but not twice as long .... Lamprocoris, p. 62. 

Genus CANTAO. 

Cantao, Amy. et Serv. Hem. p. 29 (1843) ; Dall. List Hem. i, p. 3 
(1851) ; !Stdl, Hem. Aft: i, p. 33 (1864) ; Maijr, Reise Nov., Rem. 
p. 14 (1866). 

Type, G. ocellatiis, Thunb. 

Distribution. India, China, INIalay Archipelago, North Australia. 
A species found in the Congo i*egion of Africa has also recently 
been described and placed in this genus. 

Body elongate, obovate. Head elongate, its lateral margins very 
slightly sinuate ; rostrum scai-cely extending beyond the base of 
the abdomen ; pronotum broader than long, its lateral angles 
prominent or spined ; scutellum longer than the abdomen, its apex 



CANTAO. 



43 



more or less truncate. Abdomen with a central basal sulcation ; the 
exterior apical angles of the corium are elongately and acutely 
produced. 

81. Cantao OCellatus, Tlmnb. (Clmex) Nov. Lis. Sp. iii, p. 60, f. 72 

(1784) ; Westw. (Callidea) in Don. his. China, p. 47, pi. 20. f. 1 

(1842) ; Ball. List Hem. i, p. 17. L (1851). 
Cimex dispar, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iv, p. 81. 7 (1794) ; Don. Lis. pi. 13. 

f. 1 (1798) sec. Dall. ; Fahr. (Tetyi-a) Siist. Rhijny. p. 129. 5 (1803); 

Burm. (Cailidea) Handb. (ii) i, p. 394. 5 (183-5); Herr.-Sch. 

(Callidea) Wanz. Ins. iii, p. 99, f. 324 (1835) ; Germ. (Calliphara) 

Zeitschr. i, p. 123. 1 (1839) ; Blanch. (Scutellera) Hist, des Lis. 

iii, p. 158. 6, Hem. pi. 8. f. 2 (1810) ; Anuj. et Serv. (Cautao) 

mm. p. 29. 1 (1843). 
Cantao rufipes, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 17. 3 (1851). 
Stoll, Pun. f. 260, A et B. 

Ochraceous or reddish-ochraceous ; base and central fascia to 

head and antennce bluish- 
black. Pronotum with some- 
times two black spots near 
anterior margin, sometimes 
containing eight spots. Scu- 
telluin usually with eight, 
sometimes with only six, black 
spots, all these spots variable 
in size and usually with pale 
ochraceous margins. Body 
beneath with base of head, 
disk of sternum, rostrum, 
apices of femora, tibiae, tarsi, 
central and lateral spots to 
abdomen bluish-black. Lateral 
angles of pronotum usually 
produced in a strong curved spine ; in some specimens the spines 
are practically obsolete. 
Length 16 to 28 raillim. 

Hab. India, Ceylon, and Burma. Recorded from Delhi, Bombay, 
Malabar, Ceylon, Sikhim, Khasi Hills 4500-6000 ft. {Chennell), 
Sylhet, Karennee, Tenasserim. — Also found in China, the Malay 
Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, and Borneo. 

In Ceylon Mr. Green describes this species as " gregarious, and 
often found in numbers (20 or 30 together) collected on a single 
branch of a tree." 

Mr. R. M. Dixon, of the Victoria and Albert Museum, Bombay, 
has forwarded me the following information relating to G. ocellatus : — 
" Occurs on the ' moon ' tree {Macaranga roxburr/hii). Its habits 
are diurnal and very active. Pollinatiou in the ' moon ' tree seems 
to depend entirely upon this insect, which, by means of its feet, 
rostrum, and spines, conveys to the stigma the fertilizing pollen- 
dust, frequently from a distance of two or three miles. It is 
sparingly found on the Bor Ghat in April and May." 




18. — Cantao ocellatus. 



44 PENTATOMID.i;. 



Genus PCECILOCORIS. 



Poecilocoris, Dall. Trans. Ent. Soc. v, p. 100 (1848) ; List Hem. i, 
p. 4 (1851) ; Stdl, Hem. Afr. ii, p. 33 (1864) ; Mayr, Raise Nov., 
Hem. p. 17 (1866). 

Pcecilochroma, White, Trans. Ent. Soc. iii, p. 84 (1842) (nom. 
prseocc). 

Type, P. druroii, Linn. 

Distribution. India, China, Japan, Malay Peninsula, and Malayan 
Archipelago. 

Body ovate, convex ; head large, broad, the lateral margins 
sinuate. Antennse of five joints ; basal joint short, robust ; 
second shortest and most slender ; third, fourth, and fifth joints 
each as long as the first and second joints together or longer, 
they are also compressed, broad, and longitudinally sulcate. 
Scutellum moderately truncate at apex. Abdomen more or less 
distinctly sulcate beneath. 

82. Poecilocoris latus, Dall. Trans. Ent. Soc. \, p. 101. 1, pi. 13, f. 4 
(1848) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 152 (1887) ; Stdl (Pcecilochroma), 
En. Hem. iii, p. 12. 3 (1873). 

Ochraceous, clouded with reddish-ochraceous ; head, antennse, 
a spot at each anterior angle of pronotum and two large spots at 
base of same, a transverse patch at base of scutellum, a spot at 
each basal angle and a transverse series of four spots beyond 
middle, of which the two central are largest, lateral margins of 




Fig. 19. — Poecilocoris latus. 

corium, lateral spots to sternal segments, lateral segmental spots 
to abdomen (sometimes absent), a spot on the last abdominal 
segment, rostrum, and legs, black or violaceous-black ; coxae, 
trochanters, bases of anterior and intermediate femora, and more 
than basal half of posterior femora reddish-ochraceous. The body 
is thickly and finely punctate, the base of the scutellum being 
transversely rugulose. 

Length 21 ; width between pronotal angles 14 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Sibsagar. Cachar. Burma: Kareunee, 900-1100 ft. 
{Fea). — Also found in China. 



P(ECILOCORIS. 45 

83. Pcecilocoris Ijalteatus, Dist. (Pcecilochroma) Eiitomologist, xxv, 

Suppl. p. 96 (1892). 

Dark purplish-black ; anterior mai'giu of pronotum (much 
sinuated posteriorly aud containing a blackish spot at each anterior 
angle), a transverse much sinuated fascia to scutellum, margins 
and apical areas of prosternum, and a large discal spot to abdomen 
beneath, ochraceous or reddish-ochraceous ; ventral furrow broad, 
extending to tlie base of the apical segment ; rostrum reaching 
the third abdominal segment ; body thickly, finely, aud obscurely 
punctate. 

Length 22 ; width between pronotal angles 14 millim. 

Hab. Assam : Harmatti, base of Dafla Hills {Atkinson). 

84. Pcecilocoris hardwickii, Westw. (Tectocoris) in Hope Cat. i, p. 13 

(1837); Gertn. (Scutellera) Zeitschr. i, p. 135. 6 (1839); Dall. 

Trans. Ent. Soc. v, p. 107. 8, pi. 13, f. 8 (1818) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. 

Ivi, 2, p. 150 (1887). 
Tectocoris alfiuis, Westw. loc. cit. 

Pachycoris nepalensis, Herr.-Sch. Wanz. Ins. iv, p. 1, f. 339 (1839). 
Pcecilocoris aoisopilus, Walk. Cat. Set. i, p. 9. 11 (1867). 

Dark reddish-ochraceous ; head, anterior margin, and two large 
basal spots to pronotum black ; eleven (usually) black spots to 
scutellum, situate three at base, of which the central one is 
longest and is closely followed by two smaller ones, four in 
transverse series beyond the middle, of which the two central are 
largest and two smaller subapical ones : body beneath (excluding 
lateral margins of pro- and mesosterna and the central area of 
abdomen), legs, rostrum, and antennae black or violet-black. 

Var. a. All the spots large and more or less confluent. 

Var. b. Spots much smaller and sometimes only seven to 
scutellum. 

The anterior and anterior lateral margins to pronotum very 
coarsely punctate. 

Length 19 to 22 ; width between pronotal angles 10 to 13 millim. 

Bab. Bhutan. Khasi and Ntxga Hills (Chennell). Cachar. 
Burma: Euby Mines (DoJierty) ; Karennee (Pea). — Also found in 
West China and Hong Kong. 

A species to be distinguished superficially from its nearest allies 
by the black anterior margin of the pronotum. A. specimen 
originally belonging to the East India Museum, aud now in the 
National Collection, has the following label attached : — " Tea- 
shrubs at Tengrac (Feb. 24, 1836) ; said to infect the plant, 
particularly near Boutan." 

85. Pcecilocoris drursei, Li7m. (Cimex) Mant. p. 534 (1771); l)ru 

(Cimex) III. i, p. 94, pi. 42, ft". 1 & 5 a, b (1770); Fabr 
(Cimex) Syst. Ent. p. 697. 6 (1775); Fabr. (Tetyra) Syst. 
Rhymi.^. 132. 17 (1803) ; Germ. (Scutellera) Zeitschr. i, p. 135. 7 
(1839) ; Dall. Trans. Ent. Soc. v, p. 103. 4, pi. 13, f. 6 (1848) • 
Ath. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 153 (1887). 




46 PENTATOMIDiE. 

Poecilocoris obsoletus, Dull. Trans. Ent. Soc. v, p. 104, 5 (1848) ; 
Atk. he. cit. p. 154. 

Eeddish-oebraceous ; head, two large and irregularly shaped 
discal spots to pronotum, thirteen spots to scutellum (situate five 
at base, two central immediately behind the basal series, four in 
transverse series near centre, and two subapical), body beneath 
(excluding the lateral areas of prosternum and the central area of 
abdomen), legs, antennae, and rostrum black or violaceous-black. 

Var. a. Spots larger, and on scutellum becoming more or less 
confluent. 

Var. h. Spots becoming smaller till they are practically obsolete ; 
abdomen beneath reddish-ochraceous, with marginal and apical 
spots only bluish-black (P. ohsolehis, Dall.). 

In all the forms the basal margin of the corium varies from 
black to reddish-ochraceous, and it can always be separated from 
P. hardwicTcii by the absence of the black anterior margin to the 
pronotum. 

Length 18 to 22 ; width between pronotal angles 12 to 13 millim. 

Eah. Sikhim, Bhutan. Assam ; Khasi Hills ; Noa-Dehing 
Valley (CJiennell) ; Naga "Hills and Margherita (DoJierty), Burma: 
Kakhyeng Kauri, Karen Ashwe, and Karennee (Feci). — Also 
received from Hong Kong and Formosa. 

86. Poecilocoris childreni, WMte (Tectocoris), Ma(/. N. H. (2) ill, 

p. 542 (1839) ; id. (PcecilocLroma) Trans. Ent. Soe. iii, p. 84, pi. 7, 
f. 1 (1842) ; Dall. Trans. Ent. Soc. v,p. 106 (1848) ; -S'^S^ { Pcecilo- 
chroma), Fn. Hem. iii, p. 13. 10 (1873) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, 
p. 157 (1887). 

Eeddish-ochraceous ; head, anterior and lateral margins and four 
subbasal spots to pronotum, three obconical basal spots to scutellum, 
followed by eight other spots arranged transversely two, four, and 
two, legs, antenna3, and rostrum black : head beneath, sternum, 
central transverse segmental spots and smaller lateral segmental 
spots to abdomen bluish-black ; femora beneath shiny greenish- 
black. 

Length 19 to 20 ; width between pronotal angles 12 millim. 

Hab. Bhutan (Brit. Mus.). 

87. Pcecilocoris crowleyi, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 61 (1901). 

Head black, anterior lateral areas metallic-green ; pronotum 
purplish-red, a small transverse spot near each anterior angle, 
a spot near each lateral angle, and two large spots at base, occupying 
more than half of the whole area and very narrowly diAided, 
black ; anterior margin, margins of the basal spots, and the sub- 
lateral areas metallic-green ; scutellum purplish-red, with eleven 
black spots (three small on basal margin, two near base, two sub- 
apical, and four central which are united in pairs), basal margin, 
and margins of spots metallic-green ; disk with a violaceous tinge. 



POiCILOCOEIS. 47 

Head beneath ochraceous, its base and two spots near apex metallic- 
green ; outer area of prosternum purplish ; posterior mai-gins of 
the sternal segments ochraceous ; areas of the odoriferous apertures 
black ; abdomen beneath reddish-ochraceous, with a marginal series 
of wide ray-like fasciae almost reaching centre, the greater part of 
the apical segment and the legs brassy-green ; antennae and 
rostrum black. Eostrum reaching the fifth abdominal segment. 

Length 20; width between pronotal angles 11| millim. 

Hab. Assam {Brit. Mus.). 

A distinct species which somewhat approaches P. childreni, 
White. 

88. Pcecilocoris pulcher, Dull. Tmns. Ent. Sue. \, p. 105. 6, pi. 13, 

f. 7 (1848) ; Voll. Fau7i. Ind. Neerl. i, p. 5. 1, pi. i, f. 2 (1863) ; 
Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 150 (1887) ; Stdl (Poecilochroma), En. Hem. 
iii, p. 13 (1873). 

Deep velvety-purple ; anterior and lateral margins of pronotum 
and a central longitudinal line (sometimes absent) ochraceous or 
reddish-ochraceous ; scutellum with the base (irregularly) and a 
transverse fascia about the centre united to the base by a narrow 
central line shining violaceous ; these violaceous markings are 
inconstant ; sternum, legs, and rostrum dark violaceous ; lateral 
areas of the prosternum and the abdomen beneath ochraceous ; 
antennae, lateral and apical spots to abdomen, black. 

Length 17 to 20 ; width between pronotal angles 11 to 
12 millim. 

Hah. Malabar. — Also received from Sumatra and Borneo. 

89. Pcecilocoris obesus, DaU. List Hem. i, p. 13 (1851) ; Atk. J. A. S.B. 

Ivi, p. 158 (1887) ; Stal (Pcecilochronia), En. Hem. iii, p. 13 
(1873). 

Above dark reddish-ochraceous ; head, two transverse con- 
tiguous patches on the anterior area of pronotum, three or more 
distinct spots at the base of scutellum, body beneath, legs, rostrum, 
and antenna) brassy-green ; lateral margins of the prosternum, and 
sometimes a discal spot to abdomen, reddish-ochraceous. 

Length 15; width between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Darjeeling {Coll. Dist.). Assam. 

90. Pcecilocoris purpurascens, Westzv. (Tectocoris) in Hope Cat. i, 

p. 14 (1837) ; Germ. (Scutillera) Zeitschr. i, p. 135. 5 (1839) ; 
Dall Trans. Ent. Soc. \, p. 103. 3, pi. 13. f. 5 (1848) ; Atk. J. A. 
S. B. Ivi, p. 156 (1887) ; Stal (Poecilochroma), En. Hem. iii, p. 13 
(1873). 

Violaceous and black, in some specimens olivaceous and black, 
the spots (indicated by the strong violet tints on various parts of 
the surface) arrariged similarly to those in P. drurcei ; pronotum 
with four small spots, one near centre of anterior and posterior 
margins and one on each lateral area ; scutellum with five spots, 



48 PENTATOMID^. 

two near each lateral margin and one on disk near apex, the 
apical margin also sometimes bright red ; body beneath shining 
brassy-green, the abdominal margins violaceous, with a red streak 
on the lateral areas of the second to fifth segments — these streaks 
sometimes fewer in number ; legs, antennae, and rostrum black. 

Length 18 to 19 ; width between pronotal angles 9 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Assam : Naga Hills (Doherti/). 

91. Pcecilocoris interruptus, IVestiv. {Tectocoris) in Hope Cat. i,p. 14 

(18;i7); Germ. (Scutellera) Zeitschr. i, p. 134. 4 (1839); 
Herr.-Sch. (Scutellera) Wanz. Ins. i, 5, p. 73, f. 531 (1839) ; Dall. 
Trans. Ent. Soc. v, p. l02. 2 (1848) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 155 

(1887). 

Dark shining olivaceous or brassy-black ; ocelli, posterior margin, 
and a curved longitudinal line on each lateral area of pronotum, 
extending a little more than halfway from base, a central transverse 
fascia interrupted in the middle, and the apical margin of scutellum, 
bases of the second, third, fourth, and fifth abdominal segments, 
and marginal abdominal spots at the apices of the incisures, 
sanguineous or reddisli-ochraceous. 

Var. a. Pronotum with the posterior margin concolorous, the 
two curved reddish lines united in front and connected by a central 
line to base ; the discal fascia and apical margins of scutellum 
united by a central line ; abdomen beneath red, with large trans- 
verse spots on the lateral areas and the apical area brassy-black. 

Length 14 to 17 ; width between pronotal angles 9 to 10| millim. 

Hah. Simla (Co/Z.-Disi.). Sikhim. NagaHills. Burma: Karennee 
{Fea) ; Euby Mines (Doherfy). 

92. Pcecilocoris ornatus, Dall. List Hem. 1, p. 16. 13 (1851) -"Stll 

(Poecilochroma), E7i. Hem. iii, p. 12. 5 (1873). 

Above purplish-brown ; extreme apex of head, a curved fascia 
commencing near lateral angles of pronotum, extending to near its 
anterior margin and connected centrally with its base, two short 
curved fasciae at base of scutellum, two curved transverse fasciae 
on disk, one about centre and the other near apex, a central line, 
neither reaching base nor apex, and the apical margin, body 
beneath, legs, rostrum, and basal joint of antennae, ochraceous ; 
second and third joints of the antennae, tibiae, tarsi, transverse 
lateral spots to sternum and abdomen, base of head above and 
anterior shadings beneath more or less metallic-greenish. Second 
joint of antennae much shorter than third, remaining joints 
mutilated. 

Length 16; width between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. North India (Brit. Mus.). 

This species was recorded by Scott as from Japan (A. M. N. H. 
(4) xiv, p. 289), but in error. An allied species, P. lewisi, occurs 
there. 



TETRARTHBIA. 49 

93. Pcecilocoris rufigenis, Dcdl. List Bern, i, p. 14. 10 (1851) ; Atk. 
J. A. «S'. B. hi, p. 158 (1887) ; Stal (Pcecilocliroma), En. Hem. iii, 
p. 13. 14 (1873). 

Ochraceous, head sometimes purplish ; base and central lobe of 
bead, a small spot near each anterior angle of pronotum, basal 
margin of scntellum and a spot touching lateral margin on each 
side near centre, transverse segmental spots to sternum and 
abdomen, legs, rostrum, and antennae black or bluish-black. 

Var. a. Two small central discal spots to scutellum near base, 
and another pair near apes. 

Var. 5. Like var. a, but with two additional discal spots to 
scutellum near centre. 

Length 19 to 23 ; width between pronotal angles 11 to 13 millim. 

Hah. Assam : Margherita {Doherty). Burma; Karennee i^Fea). 

Genus TETRARTHRIA. 

Tetravthria, Dall. List Hem. i, pp. 3 & 20 (1851) ; Stal, Hem. Afr. i, 
p. 33 (1864) ; id. En. Hem. lii, p. 8 (1873). 

Type, T. variegaia, Dall. 

Distribution. Burma, Malay Archipelago, China. 

Body elongate ; head with the central lobe longer than the 
lateral ones, lateral margins sinuate ; rostrum long, reaching the 
posterior margin of the fourth abdominal segment ; antennae of 
four joints, basal joint shortest, not reacliing the apex of the head, 
remaining joints about equally long ; abdomen furrowed longi- 
tudinally. 

94. Tetrarthria variegata, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 20, pi. i, f. 1 (1851) ; 

iStdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 14 (1873). 
Tetiarthvia inai-ginepunctata, T^oll. Faun. I/id. Neerl. i, p. 13, pi. i, 

f. 6, a, b (1863). 
Tetrarthria 5-maculata, Dohni, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 347. 2 

(1863). 
Tetrarthria cougrua S,- lateralis, Walk. Cat. Het. i, pp. 20 & 21 

(1867)._ 
Tetrarthria variegata, var. lateraLs, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. .34 

(1899). 

Head black, the lateral margins and two longitudinal lines brassy- 
green. Pronotum with a large semicircular brassy -green patch on 
the disk, touching the posterior margin and surrounded by a 
broad dull red fascia, which extends from one posterior angle to 
the other ; four discal spots near the posterior margin and the 
anterior and lateral margins black. Scutellum brassy-green in the 
centre, the margins dull red, inwardly anguiated, a black patch in 
the basal centre, tw^o small spots of the same colour immediately 
behind it, and two large ones on the lateral margins behind the 
middle; a large T-shaped black patch occupies the disk of the 
scutellum. Abdomen beneath red, with broad black margins ; 

VOL. I. E 



50 



PENTATOMIl)^. 



rostrum red : legs black, basal halves of femora red ; antennae 
black, basal joint reddish, a pale aunulatiou near base of fourth 
joint. 

Var. latercdis, Walk, (siqrra). Almost uniformly brownish above, 
the angulated reddish margin to the scntellum only represented by 
two or three luteous spots on each side. 

Length 15 to 18 ; width between pronotal angles 7 to 8 millim. 

Hah. Assam : Margherita {Dohertij). Sylhet. Trivaudrum {Coll. 
Dist.). — Also received from the Malay Peninsula and from Java, 
Borneo, and the Philippines. 



95. Tetrarthria varia, Walk. Cut. i, p. 18 (18G7). 
Tethrai'thria lineata, Walk. loc. cit. 

Tethravtlu-ia varia, var. lineata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) 
(1899). 



IV, p. 



3o 



Doubtfully distinct from varieties of the preceding species, but 

the pronotum and scutellum 
are concolorous, and the scu- 
tellum is without any mar- 
ginal luteous spots. 

Length 16 ; width bet\A-een 
pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Burma (Brit. 3Ius.). 
— Also received from Hong 
Kong and Malay Peninsula. 

The description is taken 
from the var. (3 described by 
Walker as belonging to his 
lineata, which has alone been 
received from our faunistic 
region. 




Fig. 20. 
Tetrarthria varia, var. lineata. 



Genus SCUTELLERA. 

Scutellera, Lam. Si/st. p. 29:3 (1801) ; Dall List Hem. i, p. 4 (1851) ; 

Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 33 (1864). 
Callipliara, Amy. Sf Serv. Hem. p. 30 (1843). 

Type, S. nohilis, Pabr. 

Distrihution. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, Siam, China, Java. 

Body oblong, obscurely pilose ; head long, triangular, convexly 
and obliquely directed downwards ; rostrum extending to the apex 
of the fjecond abdominal segment or beyond it ; mesosternum 
distinctly sulcated ; abdomen very strongly and broadly sulcated, 
the sulcation narrowing towards apex. 

96. Scutellera fasciata, Panz. (Cimex) in Voet, Col. iv, p. 108. 2, 
t. 46, f. 2 (1798) ; Dall. List Hem. \, p. 19. 2 (1851). 
Tectocoris nepalensis, Westw. in Hope Cat.'i, p. 14 (1837); Germ. 
(Calliphara) Zeitschr. \, p. 125. 4 (1839). 



SCUTELLERA. 



51 




Fior. 21. — Scutelkra fasciata. 



Callidea lanius, Sm, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Foi'h. 1854, p. 231. 1. 
Sciitellera aiuethystina, Voll. Faun. liuJ. Need. \, p. 12. 2 (1863). 
StoU, Pun. ff. 49 et 251. 

Body above metallic bluish-green or purplish ; central lobe to 
head and a short fascia near inner margins of ejes, three longi- 
tudinal fasciae to pronotum (the two outermost broken and 

macular) and a spot at 
each posterior angle, a cen- 
tral fascia on the scutellum 
narrowing to about its centre, 
with a spot on each side 
near the base, a transverse 
concave fascia before middle,, 
and a convex macular fascia 
at about one-third from 
apex, also betw-een these 
fasciae a spot on each lat- 
eral margin, and the apex,, 
dark indigo-blue or blackish ; 
lateral margins of the pro- 
notum and the connexivum 
ochraceous ; body beneath, rostrum, and legs reddish-ochraceous ; 
head excluding base, lateral areas of sternal segments, apical 
two-thirds of rostrum, lateral fasciae to abdominal segments and 
.stigmata! spots to same, apices of femora, the tibiae and tarsi dart 
indigo-blue or bluish-gi'een ; basal joint of antennae ochraceous, its 
apex and remaining joints blackish. 

Var. The ground-colour above, fasciae, and spots purplish-brown. 
Length 17-22 ; width between pronotal angles 7 to 9 millim. 
Hah. Sikhim. Bombay Presidency: Belgaum. Burma: Pegu 
{Coll. Dist.). — Grenerally distributed in the Malayan Archipelago j 
received from Java, Celebes, Amboina. 

97. Scutellera nobilis, Fabr. (Cimex) Si/st. Ent. p. 697. 2 (1775) ; id. 
(Cimex) Spec. Ins. ii, p. 338. 2 (1781) ; id. (Cimex) Mant. ii, 
p. 280. 2 (1787) ; id. (Tetyra) Syst. Rhyrig. p. 129. 6 (1803) ; Lam. 
Hist. Nat. iii, p. 491. 1 (1816) ; Hahn (Tectocoris), Wanz. Ins. 
iii, p. 24, f. 247 (1835) ; Gevm. (Calliphara) Zeitschr. i, p. 124. 2 
(1839); Ath. J. A. S. B. \\\, 2, p. 161 (1887). 
Tectocoris perplexa, Westw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 4 (1837); Kirby 
(Callidea), /. Linn. Soc, ZooL xxiv, p. 75 (1891). 

Allied to the preceding species, S. fasciata, but differing in the 
absence of the transverse fasciae above ; the scutellum has usually 
the central fascia indistinct or obsolete, bet bears six small discal 
spots arranged in pairs, and a lateral spot on each side near the 
centre. 

Length 17 to 21 ; width between pronotal angles 7 to 9 millim. 

Hab. Sind (Coll. Dist.); Karachi (Ind. Miis.). Dehra (Ind. 
Mus.). Assam ; Manipur (Ind. Mus.) ; A^orth-east Frontier 
(Chennell). Bombay {Leitli) \ Calcutta; Malabar: Trivandrum ; 

e2 



52 



PBNTATOMID^. 



Nilgiri Hills {Hampson) ; Madras {Ind. Mus.) ; Bangalore (Ind. 
Mus.). Ceylon (Oreen). TeMasserim : Moulmein (Fca), Tavoy 
{Ind. Mus.). — The species is also found in China, 

S. nobilis, like S. fasciata, varies in coloration from bluish-green 
to purplish-brown, and this change of hue may represent develop- 
mental changes. I possess a ticket on one of Dr. Leith's Bombay 
specimens : " At last ecdesis, the integument bright red, changing 
in patches to purple, blue, and finally green.'* 

Genus BRACHYAULAX. 

Erachyaulax, StSl, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 616 ; id. En. Hem. 
iii, p. 9 (1873). 

Type, B. rufo-macidcda, Stal. — A species from the Philippines. 

Distribution. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, China, Java. 

Allied to the preceding genus Scutellera, from which it differs 
principally by the shorter and smaller odoriferous apertures, and 
by having the abdomen only sulcated at the base. The pronotum 
is very distinctly transAersely impressed before its centre. 

98. Erachyaulax oblonga, Westw. (Tectocoris) in Hope Cat. i, p. 14 

(1837) ; Germ. (Calliphara) Zeitschr. i, p. 129 (1839) ; Ball. 

(Scutellera) Li^t Hem. i. p. 19. 8 (1851) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) 

iv, p. 3-5 (1899). 
Scutellera cvaneovitta, maculigera, & buprestoides, Walk. Cat. Het. 

i, p. 16 (1867). 
Scutellera pubescens, Walk. op. cit. m, p. 507 (1868). 

Bluish-green or indigo-blue ; antenna?, central lobe of head, and 
a spot at the area of each eve, six spots on the pronetum arranged 
in two transverse series, the posterior largest, ten spots on the 

scutelium — three basal, the 
middle one linear and elon- 
gated, two before the middle, 
sometimes attached to the 
lateral margins and some- 
times connected, two small 
and lateral, sometimes con- 
nected with the preceding, 
two a little before apex 
sometimes connected, and 
one subapical, — black ; late- 
ral margins of the pronotum 
and sternum (sometimes 
absent), lateral margins and a central basal discal patch to abdomen 
irregularly ochraceous or reddish-ochraceous, the basal ochraceous 
space generally black-spotted. The transverse impression and the 
anterior margin to the pronotum are very coarsely punctate. 
Length 13| to 14^ millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. North T\h;isi Hills (ChenneU) ; Xaga Hills 
(Doherti/). Burma : Bhamo, Mitanga (Fea). — Also Malay Peninsula, 
Java, and China. 




Fig. 22. — Brachijaufax ohionga. 



CALLIPHABA. 



53 



Genus CALLIPHARA. 

Calliphai'a, part., Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 122 (1839). 

Calliphara, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 34 (1864) ; id. En. Hem. iii, p. 9 

(1873). 
Lamprophara, Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 34 (1864). 

Type, G. nobilis, Linn. 

Distribution. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, Malayan Archi- 
pelago, Australasia, China. 

In this genus the abdomen is not sulcated, and the scutellum 
does not quite cover the abdomen, the conuexivum being exposed. 

99. Calliphara nobilis, Linn. (Cimex) Cent. Ins. p. 17. 46 (1763) ; id. 
(Cimex) Ama-n. 6, p. 400. 46 (1763) ; Dcdl. (Callidea) List Hem 
i, p. 32. 26 (1851) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 17 (1873). 

Cimex pustulatus, Panz. in Voet, Col. iv, p. 111. 11, pi. 47, f. 11 
(1798). 

Scutellera buquetii, Guer. Voy. Coq., Ins. pp. 159 & 162 (1830). 

Shining pale green, sometimes with violet reflexions ; eyes, two 
spots at base of head and margins of central lobe, a series of three 

transverse spots on the pro- 
notum near anterior margin, 
(sometimes only two) and four 
spots across disk, seven spots 
on the scutellum, of which six 
are arranged in pairs and the 
seventh subapical (in some 
specimens anadditional central 
linear spot), and the body 
beneath ochraceous ; the ster- 
num and lateral areas of the 
abdomen bright metallic green 
shaded with piceous ; lateral 
margins of the sternum and 
abdomen dark ochraceous or 



I 



^m 
^S' 




Fig. 23. — Calliphara nobilis. 



violaceous ; coxae and femora ochraceous ; apices of femora, the tibiag 
and tarsi, rostrum and antennae dark indigo-blue or piceous. 

Length 15 to 18 ; width between pronotal angles S to 9 millim. 

Hah. Burma : Kangoon {Coll. Dist.). Tenasserim : Amherst 
(Brit. 3Ins.). — This species occurs in the Malay Peninsula, is widely 
distributed throughout the Malayan Archipelago, and has been 
received from Hong Kong and Formosa. 

lUO. Calliphara excelleilS, Bur?n. (Tetyia) Nov. Act. Acad. Leoj). 
16, Sui)pl. i, p. 287. o, t. 41, f. 2 (1834) ; Amy. (^- Serv. (Callidea) 
Hem. p. 32. 1 (1843) ; Stcd, Berl. ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 153. 6 (1866) ; 
Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 38 (1899). 

Tectocoris obscura, JVestw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 14 (1837). 

Callidea nobilis. Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 117. 12 (1839). 

Callidea praslinia, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 24. 10 (1851). 

Dark indigo-blue, becoming greenish on scutellum ; lateral lobe 



54 PENTATOMID^. 

to head, three large cliscal spots to proiiotum, seven spots to 
scutellum, arranged six in pairs and one subapical, antennae, legs, 
rostrum, and stigmatal spots to abdomen dark indigo-blue or 
black ; coxae, bases of anterior femora, intermediate and. posterior 
femora, excluding apices, reddish-ochraceous. 

Length IS to 20 ; width between pronotal angles 9 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Xepal {Hope Coll. Oxford). — The British Museum pos- 
sesses specimens from Hong Kong ; it is a common species in the 
Philippines, and not uncommon in Celebes. 

Genus CHRYSOCORIS. 

Chrysocoris, Hahn, Wanz. Ins. n, p. 38 (1834); Stal, Hem. Afr. i, 

p. 34 (1864) ; id. En. Hem.ni, p. 9 (1873). 
Callidea, Amy. S,- Serv. Hem. p. 31 (1843). 

Eucorysses, Amy. S,- Serv. lac. cit. ; Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 34 (1864). 
Galostha, Amy. Sj Serv. he. cit. p. 33. 
Cosmocoris, Stdl, Hem. Afr.'i, p. 34 (1864). 

Type, C. dilaticoUis, Guer. 

Distribution. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, Malayan Archi- 
pelago, China. 

Closely allied to Calli/Jiara, but the scutellum completely 
covers the abdomen except at base. 

The genus is a large one and readily, as pointed out by Stal, 
breaks up into three main divisions. 

I. Head somewhat large, moderately oblique, its lateral margins 
moderately sinuate ; anterior lateral margins of the pronotum 
straight or almost so ; base of the scutellum not or obsoletely 
elevated; tibia entirely sulcated. (Eucorysses.) -}) ^^ >'i ^ vi ' 

101. Chrysocoris grandis, Tlamh. (Cimex) iV'oy. Ins. Sp. ii, p. 31, t. 2, 
f. 4(! (1783); Germ. (Callipbara) Zeitschr. i, p. 128.13 (1839); 
Dall. (Callidea) Lid Hem. i, p. 23. 4 (18ol). 
Eucorysses superbus, Uhler, Proc. Ac. N. S. Phil. 1860, p. 221. 
Callidea distinguenda, Uhler, op. cit. 1861, p. 286. 
Var. a. Cimex baro, Fabr. Ent. Syst., Sitjypl. p. 528. 7-8 (1798); 
id. (Tetyra) Syst. Rhymj. p. 129. 3 (1803); Germ. (Callipbara) 
Zeitschr. i, p.' 127. 11 (1839); Ball. (Callidea) List Hem. i, 
p. 22. 3 (1851). 
Tetrarthria tetraspila, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 19. 3 (1867). 
Var. h. Eucorvsses paUeus, Amy. ^ Serv. Hem. p. 31. 1, pi. i, f. 4 
1843). 
Callidea baro, Voll. Faun. Ind. Neerl. i, p. 17. 3 (1863). 
Eucorysses gxaiidis, Stal, B6rl. ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 154 (1866). 

Above reddish-ochraceous ; central lobe and base of head, an 
anterior subquadrate spot on pronotum and a spot near each 
posterior angle, base of scutellum, narrowly widened at lateral 
angles, three spots on disk, the central one largest and most 
anterior, an irregular transverse fascia beyond these spots, and an 
apical spot, black: abdomen beneath violaceous; head, sternum, 
antennae^ rostrum, legs, and fascia) to abdomen beneath black ; 
margins of head beneath reddish-ochraceous. 



CHEYSOCOKIS. 55 

Vai'. a. Paler ochraceous, pronotum with the spots smaller and 
the basal ones often obsolete ; scutellum with the three discal 
spots, the anterior one smaller and the lateral ones more trans- 
verse, the fascia and apical spot wanting ; two lateral ochraceous 
spots to prosternum and one to metasternum. (0. baro, Fabr.) 




Fig. 24. — Chr ysocor in grand h, var. h. paUcns. 

Var. h. Differing from var. a by the absence of any markings 
to the pronotum, the central spot to the scutellum is also 
frequently absent. 

Length 18 to 24 ; width between pronotal angles 9 to 13 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Assam : Margherita {Doherty) ; jN'orth Ivhasi 
Hills (ChemieU) ; Niiga Hills {Ind. 3his.). Burma : Bharao, 
Kareunee, Mt. Mooleyit (Fea). — Also recorded from China and 
Japan. I have received the species from Ja-\a. 

The vars. a and h are alone kuoun to me from our Indian region. 
The typical form of the species T have received from Japan *. 

102. Chrysocoris superbus, Uall. (Calhdea) List Hnn. i, p. 23. 6 
(18ol) ; Kirby (Callidea), J. Linn. Soc, Zool xxiv, p. 76 jl891) ; 
Stal (Chrysocoris (Eucorysses)) En. Hem. m, p. 18. 1 (1873). 

Dark indigo-blue ; central lobe of head and inner margins of 
eyes, posterior margin of pronotum, also three central longitudinal 
fasciae, of which the two outermost are broken and macular, 
a spot at each lateral angle, and seven large transverse spots 
{arranged six in pairs and one subapical) on the scutellum, legs, 
antennae, and rostrum black ; abdomen beneath ochraceous, 
its lateral and apical margins bluish, the stigmatal spots and a 
central transverse linear spot on each segment black ; coxaj, base 
of head beneath, and base of rostrum luteous ; area of the 
odoriferous apertures dull black. Second joint of the antennae 
almost as long as the third. 

Length 19 to 23 : width between pronotal angles 10 to 11 millim. 

Hah. Malabar {Coll. Dist.). Ceylon : Peradeniya {E. Green). 



* An allied species, C. iris, Germ., has been stated by Atkinson to be recorded 
from Tenasserim, but I can find no confirmation of this habitat. 



56 PEKTATOMID.?:. 

103. Chrysocoris spilogaster, Walk. (Callidea) Cat. Het. i, p. 30. 22 
(1867) ; Kirhy (Callidea), J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 70 (1891) ; 
Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 38 (1899). 

Closely allied to the jiveceding species, C. superhus, but differing 
by having two series of central linear spots on the abdominal 
segments, situate one on each side of the central area instead of 
one central series as in Dallas's species, while the second joint of 
the antennae is distinctly shorter than the third. 

Length 17 ; width between prouotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (Brit. 3Im.). 

II. Head somewhat large, modei'ately oblique ; pronotum with the 
anterior lateral margins more or less distinctly sinuated about 
centre; scutellum tmnsversely elevated at base ; tibiae above 
flat or sulcated towards the apex. (Cosmocoris.) 

104. Chrysocoris nicoljarensis, Dist. Entomohf/ist, xxv, Suppl. p. 96 

(1892). 

Above shining golden-green ; the head, anterior and lateral 
margins of pronotum bhiish ; the discal and apical area of scutellum 
bronzy ; pronotum with a longitudinal series of three black spots 
on each lateral area, and a central lanceolate black spot at base : 
scutellum with six black spots, three on each side, the last pair 
somewhat close together a little before apex : body beneath 
shining bluish-green, the abdomen a little paler in hue; legs 
dark bluish, tarsi almost black ; coxae and a spot at base of head 
luteous ; stigmata black. Antennae w ith the first and second 
joints bluish, the third black ; remaining joints mutilated. 

Length 17 ; width between pronotal angles millim. 

Hah. Nicobar Islands {Coll. Dist.) *. 

III. Head somewhat small, strongly obli(iuely deflected, its lateral 
margins generally strongly sinuated ; basal area of the 
scutellum not or only slightly elevated ; tibiae above towards 
the apex flat or sulcated. {Chrysocoris, Hahu.) 

A. Lateral margins of the pronotum ohtuse, not laminately 
roimded and produced. 

a. Ahdomen beneath ivithout any Inteoiis marhings. 

105. Chrysocoris atriventris, Ath. Troc A. S. B. 1887, p. 11. 

Above obscure brassy-green ; base of central lobe to head, a 
transverse series of three spots near anterior margin of pro- 
notum, three larger spots near base, and a spot near each lateral 
angle, six spots on scutellum arranged in pairs and a central spot 



* Au allied species, 6'. coxalis, Stal, lias been included by Atkinson in hi* 
"Notes on Indian Ehynchota," and a locality given as " Tenasserim (?)." 
This at present is uncorroborated. 



CHETSOCOKIS. 57 

on disk, abdomen beneath, legs, rostrum, and antennae black ;, 
a spot near each coxa brassy-green. 

Length 14; width between pronotal angles 8g millim. 

Hah. Delhi (Atkinson). 

b. Abdomen more or less luteons or ocliraceous. 

lOG. Chrysocoris stockerus, Linn. (Cimex) Mus. Lud. Ulr. p. 107. 1 

(1764); Ball. (Callidea) List Hem. i, p. 27. 18 (1851); Stdl, En. 
Hem. iii, p. 20 (1873). 

Callidea taprobanensis, Westw. in Hope Cat. i, pi 15 (1837). 

t'allidea erichsoiii, Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 113. 5 (1839) ; Stal (Chryso- 
coris), Hein. Fabr. i, p. II. 4 (1868) : Kirlnj, J. Linn. Sac, Zoo!. 
xxiv, p. 75 (1891). 

Chrysocoris elatus, Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 11. 3 (1868). 

Stoll, Fun. f. 172 A. 

Bluish or brassy-green above ; head with the base of the central 
lobe, a transverse series of three spots on pronotum near anterior 
margin, three larger discal spots near base, and a spot at each 
lateral angle, six discal spots arranged in pairs on scutellum and 
a central elongate spot on disk black. Head beneath and sternum 
shining brassy-green ; basal margin of head, coxae, posterior 
margins of meso- and metasterua, legs, and abdomen ochraceous : 
apices of femora, the tibiae and tarsi, a large quadrate spot at base, 
stigmatal spots, inner lateral spots, aud apex of abdomen black ; 
antenuEe black, base of first joint ochraceous ; rostrum piceous, its 
base ochraceous. 

Length 12 to 14 ; wddth bet\\een pronotal angles 7 to 7i millim, 

Bab. Bombay {Leitli) ; Bangalore : Malabar ; Trivandruni ; 

Ceylon {Green ^- Lewis). — This is an abundant and connnon species 

in Ceylon, where Mr. E. E. Grreen has described it as found 

swarming on trees {Pliyllantlms sp.) and sucking the berries. 

107. Chrysocoris patricius, Fabr. (Cimex) Ent. Si/st. Suppl. p. 527. 

3-4 (1798) ; id. (Tetyra) Si/st. Fhyng. p. 131. 15 (1803) ; Guer. 

(Scutellera) Voy. Coq., Im. p. 159. 6 (1830) ; Germ. (Callidea) 

Zeitschr. i. p. 121. 21 (1839): Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 11. 2 & 5 

(1868). 
Callidea bengalensis, Westw. in Hope Cat. \, p. 15 (1837) ; Kirby, 

J. Linn. Soc,, Zool. xxiv, p. 75 (1891). 
Callidea basilica, Germ. Zeitschr, i, p. 117. 11 (1839). 
Chrvsocoris fabricius, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 172 (1887). 
Stoil, Fun. f. 222 A. 

Bluish-green : central lobe to head, eight spots to pronotum 
(situate three near anterior margin, three across disk, and one at 
each lateral angle), seven spots to scutellum (arranged six in pairs 
and one central and elongate), and the abdomen beneath ochraceous, 
base and apex broadly black : lateral margins to the stigmata 
violaceous ; transverse elongate black stigmatal spots more or 
less shaded with bluish or brassy -green ; legs, rostrum, and 
antennae bluish-black, coxfe more or less ochraceous. 



58 pentatomib.t:. 

Length 8 to 1() ; Avidtli between pronotal angles 5 to 0;i millim. 

Hah. Ceylon. :Manipiu- {Coll. Dist.) ; N. Khasi Hills (Chmnell). 
Burma ; Karen Hills {DolieHy). 

A species in this division to be recogiiized from those previously 
described by its small size. 

108. Chrysocoris purpureus, Westw. (Callidea) in Hope Cat. i, p. 15 

(1837): Sm, Hem. Fahr. i, p. 10. 1 & p. 11. 6 (1868); Dist. 

A. M. y. H. (7) iv, p. 39 (1899). 
Cimex stockerus, Fahr. S'l/st. Ent. p. 696. 1 (1775) : id. (Tetyra) 

S>ist. Rhyny. p. 131. 12 (1803) ; Latr. ( Sciitellera) Gen. iii, p. 113. 2 

(i807) ; ^Burm. (Callidea) Handh. ii, 1, p. 394. 3 (1835). 
Chrysocoris viridis, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 175 (1887). 

Above bluish- or purplish-green ; five spots on pronotum, two 
anterior and three on posterior disk, seven spots on scutellum, 
six arranged in pairs and one (elongate) on anterior disk, and 
antenna; black ; in some purplish specimens these spots are almost 
•obsolete. Body beneath, base of first joint of antennae, and femora 
ochraceous, lateral margins of the abdomen purplish ; head beneath 
(excluding base), marginal spots on sternal segments, stigmatal 
spots, apices of femora, the tibiae and tarsi, and third and fourth 
joints of rostrum bluish-black ; a central spot to sternum, and 
sometimes one at base and apex of abdomen, piceous. 

Length 15 to 17 ; width between pronotal angles Sg to 9 millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith) ; Dharwar ; Bangalore ; Secunderabad 
(CoU. Dist.); Madras. 

Mr. R. M. Dixon, of Bombay, informs me that the larvte are 
almost odourless. The insect is sparingly found in the cold season, 
but is plentiful in the spring and summer. Common in Western 
India. 

109. Chrysocoris stollii, WW/ (Cimex), Ic ii, p. 18. 15, f. 45 (1801); 

Genu. (Callidea) Zeitschr. i, p. 114. 7 (1839) ; Stal, Hem. Fahr. i, 
p. 11. 8 (1868) ; Dist. A. 31. N. H. (7) iv, p. 39 (1899). 

Scutellera stockerus, Gtwr. J'oy. Cor/., Ins. y. 159. 5 & p. 161 (1830). 

Callidea porpliyricola, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 29. 19 (1867). 

Closely allied to C. purpureus, especially on the underside, but 
differing by its smaller size and the number and arrangement of 
the spots above. The colour is either bluish-green or purplish ; 
pronotum with eight spots, thi'ee near anterior margin, three 
larger on posterior disk, and one on each lateral angle ; scutellum 
with seven spots (six arranged in pairs, one central, large, subovate 
on anterior disk) and the apex either black in bluish-green specimens 
or dark purple in purplish examples. 

Length 13 to 14^; width between pronotal angles 7 to 8 millim. 

Hah. Delhi ; Karachi ; Calcutta. Sikhim. Assam ; Naga 
Hills (Doherty)- N. Khtisi and East Garo Hills {CliennelV); 
Marghei'ita (Doherty). ]Nicobar Islands (Ind. Mus.). Burma: 
Bhamo, Toungoo, Karennee, Palon (Feet). Tenasserim : Myitta 
(Doherty), Thagata and Malewoon (Fea). — Also received from 
Pormosa and N. China. 



CHBTSOCOHIS. 59 

110. ChrySOCOris Ornatus, DaU. (Callidea) List Hem. i, p. 27. 17 

(1851) ; Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 2\. 19 (1873). 

Above purplish-i*ed, shining brassy-green on anterior disk of 
pronotum and base of scutellum ; head violaceous bhie : seven 
spots on pronotum, three (smaller) near anterior margin, three 
(largest and sometimes confluent) on posterior disk, and one at 
each lateral angle, five spots on scutellum, one obovate on disk, 
•one on each side of this, and two before apex, dark purplish-blue ; 
antennae, legs, and rostrum black ; sternimi bluish-green ; abdomen 
pale purplish-red, with a submarginal series of linear transverse 
stigmatal spots, the apex more or less piceous. 

Length 13; width between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hah. Assam (Stockholm 3Ius.). — I have also received the species 
from Perak in the Malay Peninsula, and from China. 

111. Chrysocoris marginellus, 7fWw. (Callidea) inHo2)e,Cat. i, p. 15 

(1837) ; Stdl, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 12. 9 (18(38). 
Callidea coelestis, Stcti, Ofv. Vet.-Ahad. Fork. 1855, p. 181. 1 ; id. 

oj9. cj^. 1856, p. 62. 1. 
Chrysocoris nilgiriensis, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 343 (1889). 

Above bluish-green ; nine or eleven spots on pronotum (ar- 
ranged three or five anteriorly and six posteriorly) and eight spots 
on scutellum (arranged six in pairs, one subapical, and one elongate 
and discal) black: abdomen beneath, coxi»% femora, base of rostrum, 
and a central line to sternum ochraceous or reddish-ochraceous ; 
lateral margins of abdomen reddish or violaceous ; sternum and a 
submarginal abdominal series of broad transverse spots greenish 
■or bluish-green ; antennae, rostrum, apices of femora, the tibias, 
tarsi, and a lai'ge spot at base and apex of abdomen black. 

The spots above are inconstant in number, but the species can be 
easily recognized by the markings to the underside of the abdomen. 

Length 14 to 17 ; width between pronotal augles 8 to 9g millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith) ; Nilgiri Hills (Hampson) ; Madras. 
Andaman Islands. 

112. Chrysocoris simplex, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 343 (1889). 

Above dark indigo-blue or bx'assy-green, coarsely and distinctly 
punctate; pronotum with two spots near anterior margin, scutellum 
with six spots, often very obscure, arranged in pairs, black ; 
abdomen beneath ochraceous ; sternum, legs, a large basal spot, 
apical segment, anal appendage, and a lateral series of large ray- 
like spots to abdomen dark indigo-blue ; stigmatal spots black. 

Length 12 to 13 ; width between pronotal angles 7 to 7| millim. 

Hah. ]^<i]giri Hills : Ootacamuud ; Coonoor (Atkinson Coll.). 

113. Chrysocoris pulchellus, Hall. (Callidea) List Hem. i, p. 25. 13 

(1851). 

Var. Callidea raraa, Kirhy, J. Linn. Sac, Zool. xxiv, p. 76, pi. iv, f. 3 
(1891). 

Bright bluish- or brassy-green ; central lobe to head, three 



60 PENTATOMID.i:. 

anterior spots and six larger posterior discal spots on pronotum, 
of which the two central are subquadrate and close together and 
the two outermost at lateral angles are smallest, two transverse 
spots at base of scutellum, followed by two rounded spots on each 
lateral area, a central discal somewhat wedge-shaped spot and a 
rounded or transverse spot before apex, black ; antenna}, rostrum, 
and sternum blackish, margins of sternum brassy-green : base of 
head beneath and abdomen ochraceous, the last with a large spot 
at base and the greater portion of apical segment black ; large 
oblique stigmatal spots black, shaded with brassy-green ; lateral 
margins of the abdomen pale purplish ; femora red dish-ochraceous, 
their apices, the tibiae, and tarsi black. 

Length 13 to 1-4; width between pronotal angles 0^ to 74 
millim. 

Hah. Sylhet {Brit. Mm.). Ceylon {E. Green). 

The variety described by Kirby is slightly larger thaJi the typical 
form described by Dallas ; the apical spot to the scutellum is also 
smaller and less transverse. 

114. Chrysocoris andamanensis, Atkinson, Proc. A. S.B. 1887, p. 12: 
id. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 177. 93 (1887). 

Above bluish-green ; base of first joint of antenna?, eyes, apical 
margin to scutellum, body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; head 
beneath excluding base, sternal lareral margins and parts of 
sternal lateral areas, a submarginal series of oblique spots to 
abdomen, apices of the femora, the tibia- and tarsi dark indigo- 
blue; antennae piceous; pronotum with six spots, three submarginal 
and three large and elongate on posterior disk (these last have 
sometimes the two outermost spots broken and duplex), scutellum 
with seven spots, six in pairs and one discal and elongate, 
black. 

Length 15 to 18 ; width between pronotal angles 8 to 9 
millim. 

Hah. Bangalore {Coll. Disl.). Andaman Islands : Port Blair 
(Meldola). Kangoon {Ooll. Dlst.). 

The size and the ochraceous apical margin of the scutellum 
render the identification of this species very simple. 

B. Pronotuin lulth a deep transverse incision near the anterior 

margin. 

115. Chrysocoris fascialis, IJ'/iite (Callidea), Tr. E. S. iii, p. 86 
(1842 j. 

Head bluish-green : a spot on each side of apex to central lobe 
of head, eyes, pronotum, scutellum, and body beueath ochraceous ; 
central lobe to head excluding base, a spot at inner margin of each 
eye, a transverse anterior fascia to pronotum connected with a 
central subquadrate spot usually reaching base, a basal spot on 
each side of this and a smaller spot in each lateral angle, a 



CHETSOCOEIS. 61 

transverse basal fascia on scutellum and six spots (one discal, 
obconical, and subbasal, four arranged in pairs, and one sabapical), 
apices of femora, tbe tibiae and tarsi, rostrum, antenna', some 
lateral streaks to sternum, a transverse spot at base of alidomen, 
and nearly the whole of the apical segment, black ; lateral margins 
of abdomen violaceous ; stigmatal spots black, inwardly margined 
with greenish and connected on the third, fourth, and fifth 
segments with an inner transverse black spot : head beneath, 
excluding base, and the areae of the coxa; metallic green tinged 
with violaceous. 

Length 9 2 to 10 ; width between pronotal angles 5 millim, 
Hab. Sikhim (/ucZ. il/M,s\). Assam : Naga Hills (i)o7ter<//) ; Mar- 
gherita {Ind. Mus.). Burma : Karennee (Fea). 

A small species, to be recognized by its unique coloration and 
by the deep transverse incision to the pronotum. 

C. Lateral margins of the pronotum laminatehj produced and 
rounded. 

a. Abdomen betieath darl; ivithout ocliraceous disad area. 

116. ChrysOCOris eques, Fahr. (Cimex) Ent. Sijst. iv, p. 79. 2 (1794) ; 
id. (Tetyia) Syst. Rhymj. p. 131. 13 (1803) ; Guer. (ScLitellera) 
Voy. Coq., Zool. p. 158. 3 (1830) ; Burm. (Callidea) Handh. 2, 1, 
p. 394. 1 (1835) ; Ball. List Mem. i, p. 28. 25 (1851) ; Amy. ^■ 
>Serv. (Galostha) Hhn. p. 33. 1 (1843) ; Stal, Bern. Fabr. i, 
p. 11. 3 & p. 12. 12 (1808) •,^Atk.^ J. A. 8. B. Ivi, p. 179 (1887). 

Var. rt. Callidea schwaiiei'i, Foil. Faun. Tnd. Neerl.\,n.2'd. 18, pi •'>, 
f. 7 (1863). 

Var. b. Var. nicobarensis, Atk. Proc. A. 8. B. 1887, p. 13. 

Var. c. Callidea formosa, Westio. in Hope Cat. Hem. i, \) ]5 
(1837). 

Callidea dorsalis, White in Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 80 (1842). 

Greenish or bluish above ; central fascia to head, sometimes 
bifurcating towards the apex, and generally a spot before each eye, 
a central fascia on pronotum, generally broken and forming two 
spots, followed on each side by two similar spots, sometimes three, 
an anterior lateral streak and a spot at each lateral angle, on 
scutellum a small central basal spot, a discal anteriorly bifurcating 
spot, three spots on each side, anda subapical spot, all black ; discal 
area of body beneath dark bluish or blackish, lateral areas greenish • 
stigmatal spots, antennae, and rostrum black ; legs dark bluish- 
green. 

Yar. a. is a local Bornean race and need not be described here. 

Var. h. Nicobarian race ; usually larger and more brassv-o-reen. 
In an Andaman specimen agreeing with this race small portions 
of the disks of the fourth and fifth abdominal segments are 
ochraceous, thus approaching C. dilaticoUis, Guer. 

Var. c. Not apparently represented in our fauna. 

Length 11 to 14 ; width between pronotal angles 6 to 8 
millim. 



62 PENTATOMIDiE. 

Hah. Nicobar Islands : Camorta (Meldola). Andaman Islands^ 
(CoIL Dist.). Burma : Karennee (Feu). Tenasseriin ; Myitta 
(Doherti/), Mergui (Tad. Mvs.). — In its typical form this species 
is found in the Malay Peninsula and North Borneo. In its varietal 
fonns it is recorded from JaAa, Borneo, and China. 

b. Abdomen heneatJi ivitli ocliraceous disced area. 

117. Chrysocoris dilaticollis, Guer. (Scutellera) Vmj. Coq.,Zool. p. 160. 

11 & p. 164 (1830) ; Dedl. (Callidea) List Hem. i, p. 28. 26 (1851) : 

StSl, En. Hem. iii, p. 21 (1873). 
Chrysocoris stolii, Hahn, Wanz. Ins. ii, p. 39, f. 136 (1834). 
Callidea abdominalis, Westw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 15 (1837). 
Galostha stockerus, Arnxj. v.^ Serv. Hem. p. 34. 2(1843); Stal 

(Callidea), '6fn. Vet.-Ak. Forli. 1855, p. 389 ; id. (Chrysocoris) 

Hem. Fabr. i, p. 12. 10 (1868). 
Far. Callidea suniatraua, Foil. Faun. Ind. Neerl.\, p. 28. 20, pi, 2,. 

f. 9 (1863). 

Allied to C. eques, but differing always by having the abdomen 
more or less ocliraceous beneath. Head usually without the median 
black fascia ; pronotum with three spots near anterior margin, 
three, sometimes five, on posterior disk, an anterior lateral streak, 
and a spot at each lateral angle black ; scutellum spotted as in 
C, eques ; abdomen, cox?e, and legs ocbraceous ; apices of femora, 
the tibiae and tarsi, a large spot at base of abdomen, the apical 
segment and anal appendage black ; lateral margins of abdomen 
broadly bluish, with inward ray-like continuations and the stigmatal 
spots black. 

Var. Pemora only ochraceous at the base, and the ochraceous 
coloration of the abdomen beneath reduced to the disks of the 
fourth and fifth segments. 

Length 11 to 12^ ; width betweeji pronotal angles 6 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Arakan ; Moulmein ; Mergui.- — The species is also widely 
distributed in the Malay Archipelago and has been received from 
Honfy Kong. The varietal form appears to occur in our area. 



Genus LAMPROCORIS. 

Lamprocoris, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 34 (1864); id. En. Hem. iii, p. 9 

(1873). 
Sophela, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 17 (1867). 

Type, L. lateralis, Gue'r. 

Distribution. India, Burma, the Malay Peninsula, JaA-a, Sumatra. 

In this genus the third joint of the antennae is longer than the 
second, but not twice or more than twice its length as in Ccdli- 
pliara and Chrysocoris ; the tibiae are cylindrical, being neither 
flattened nor furrowed above ; the anterior margin of the basal 
angles of the scutellum subreflexed. 



LAMPBOCORIS. 



63 



A. Lateral angles of the j^ironotum unarmed. 

118. Lamprocoris lateralis, fVMt'r.CScutellera) 7 o?/. Coy., Zoo/, p. 159. 
4 & p. 160 (1830) ; Dall. (Callidea) List Hem. i, p. i'8. 24 (1851) ; 
Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 22. 1 (1873) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, 
p. 39 (1899). 
Callidea contraria, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 30. 21 (1867). 

Above indigo-blue or metallic-greeu ; ceDtral lobe of head and a 

spot at inner margin of each 
eye, a spot near each an- 
terior angle of prouotum, 
and a central linear fascia 
not reaching antei'ior mar- 
gin, on each side of which 
are three oblique linear 
spots, live spots near base 
of scutellum (two central, 
one discal, and two linear 
and somewhat creseeutic\ 
four spots, sometimes amal- 
gamated into two, across 
centre, followed by a trans- 
verse fascia and by two, 
sometimes three, spots, all black. Body beneath and legs indigo- 
blue or metallic-green ; the lateral abdominal margins broadly 
ochraceous, with the stigmatal spots black. 

Length 9 to 10 ; wddth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 millim. 
Hat>. Ntiga Hills {Dohertij). Burma : Karennee (Fea).— The 
species appears to be moderately common in Java, and has also 
been received from Sumatra. 




Fig. 25. — Lca'/tprocoris lateralis. 



119. Lamprocoris roylii, Westio. (CaUidea) in Hope Cat. i, p. 16 
(1837) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 22. 3 (1873) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) 
iv, p. 39(1899). 
Callidea liisteroides, scripta, & gibbula, IJ^alk. Cat. i, pp. 28. 29. 16, 
17, 18 (1867). 

Brassy-green with a metallic gloss and some reddish reflexions ; 
latei'al lobe to head and a spot at inner margin of each eye, a 
broad central fascia on pronotum, a broken macular fascia on 
each side of this and a spot near each lateral angle, with three 
centi'al basal spots on scutellum, the central one discal, a curved 
fascia slightly broken on disk, followed by three spots (one 
subapical, and two on each posterior lateral margin), dark 
indigo-blue or blackish. Abdomen beneath with the lateral 
margin ochraceous and deeply notched internally ; anterior 
margins of the abdominal segments, antennae, and rostrum 
blackish. 

Length 9^ to 10 : width betw-een pronotal angles 6 to 6^ millim. 

Hab. Nepal (Coll. Dist.). Sikhim. Khasi Hills ; Naga Hills. 



•64 



PENTATOMID.E, 



B. Lateral angles of the i)ronotum. iiroduced in small acute spines. 

120. Lamprocoris spiniger, Dall. (Callidea) Tr. E. S. v, p. 186. 1, 
pl. 19, f. 1 (1849); W^alk. (Sophela) Cat. Het. i, p. 18 (1867) ; 
StRl (Sophela), En. Heyn. iii, p. 22 (1873). 

Ochraceous, reddish-ochraeeous, or violaceous ; thickly punctate 

aboAB; head (sometimes anterior 
margin of pronotum), body be- 
neath, and legs dark violaceous ; 
lateral margins of the abdomen 
reddish-oehraceous, more or less 
internally notched ; lateral mar- 
gins of the sternum and apex of 
the abdomen sometimes reddish- 
ochraeeous ; antennae and ros- 
trum blackish. 

Length 19 to 21; width be- 
tween pronotal angles 10 to 11 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Bhutan; Khasi and Ntiga Hills. Burma: Euby 
Mines {Doherty) ; Kakhyen Kauri {Fea). 




Fig. 26. — Lamprocoris spiniger. 



Genus FITHA. 
Fitha, Walk. Cat. Het. \, p. 45 (1867j. 
Type, F. aniens, Walk. 

Distribution. At present only recorded from India. 
This genus is to be recognized by the four-jointed antennas, 
which separate it from the preceding genera, excepting Tetrarthia, 
from which it differs by the non-furrowed abdomen. 

121. Fitha ardens. Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 45. 1 (1867). 

Gilded green, elliptical, coarsely punctured. Head with two 

longitudinal furrows. An- 
lennee black, iirst joint with 
the base reddish. Pronotum 
with six purple spots and 
a similar spot near each 
lateral angle. Scutellum 
with the following purple 
j^pots — one central basal, 
one elongate and discal, 
three on each lateral area, 
and one subapical. Sternum 
with a transverse j^ellow 
streak on each side. Ab- 
domen beneath with a bright 
purple stripe along each side, and uith a yellow patch on the disk. 
Legs red ; tibiae and apices of femora blackish-green ; tarsi black. 

Length 8 millim. 

Bah. " Hindostan,*' {Brit. Mus.). 

This species is only known to me by the unique type in the 
British ^luseum. I have here largely copied Walker's description. 




27- — Fitha ardens. 



HOTEA. 65 



Division TETYRARIA. 

Tetyraria, Stal, En. Hem. ill, p. 3 (1873), 

Thorax and scutellum at base conjointly and gi'adually longitu- 
dinally convex, seldom slightly convesly inclined ; base of pronotum 
somewhat posteriorly produced between the basal angles of the 
scutellum. 

This division is largely distributed in the Ethiopian Eegion, but 
its two Old- World genera are both represented in the Indian 
fauna. 

A. Head long, central lobe acuminately produced. 

Lateral prouotal angles produced and more or 

less acmninate Hotea, p. 65. 

B. Head with the central lobe not acuminately 

produced. Lateral pronotal angles not pro- 
duced Deroplax, p. 66. 

Genus HOTEA. 

Hotea, Amtj. (^ Serv. mm. p. 41 (1843) ; Dull. List Hem. i, p. 5 
(1851) ; St8,l, Hem. Afr. i, pp. 35 & 53 (1864) ; id. En. Hem. iii, 
p. 24 (1873). 

Type, H. gambUe, Westvv. An African species. 

Distribution. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, China, Malayan 
Archipelago, Central and South Africa, and Madagascar. 

Body convex both above and beneath ; head convex, with the 
median lobe produced at apex; second and third joints of the 
antennae subequal in length or the second a little longer than 
the third ; pronotum sexangular, its anterior lateral margins 
sinuate, the lateral angles produced and more or less acuminate, 
the posterior angles rounded, posterior margin straight ; scutellum 
as broad as the abdomen, rounded at the apex ; prosternum rounded 
anteriorly and covering the base of the antennae, sternum shghtly 
sulcated ; upper surface of the tibiae flat. 

122. Hotea curculionoides, Herr.-Sch. (Pachyooris) Wanz. Ins. iii, 
p. 106, f. 331 (1835); Dall. List Hem. i, p. 39. 1 (1851); St&l 
(Tylonca), En. Hem. iii, p. 25. 4 (1873) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, 
p. 45 (1899). 

Pachycoris punctidatus, Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 105. 48 (1839). 

Hotea nasuta, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 58. 9 (1867). 

Ochraceous, thickly, coarsely, and darkly punctate ; central lobe 
to head, lateral margins and three indistinct longitudinal fascise 
to pronotum, a central longitudinal line to scutellum terminating 
in an apical spot, and a curved anterior discal area paler or 
levigate ; head and lateral pronotal angles beneath piceous ; 
antennae ochraceous, fourth joint (excluding apex) and the whole 
of the apical joint piceous. 

Length 8 to 9| ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

VOL. I. F 



66 



PENTATOMID^. 



Eah. North Khasi Hills {Chenvell); JS'aga Hills (DoJieriy). 
Ceylon (vide Dohrn). Burma ; Bhamo, PaloD, Karemiee {Feci). 




Fig. 2i3. — Hotea curculionoides. 

Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty), Meetan (Fca). — Common in the 
Malay Peninsula, recorded from China, Pow-choo-foo, and 
generally distributed throughout the Malayan Archipelago. 

123. Hotea nigrorufa, Wall: Cat. Het. i, p. 57. 6 (1867). 

Closely allied to the preceding species (B. curculionoides), but 
the ground-colour above is castaneous, not ochraceous, the lateral 
margins of the pronotum very distinctly ochraceous, the antennae 
are more robust (especially the fourth and fifth joints), the con- 
nexivum and lateral margins of the abdomen beneath distinctly 
ochraceous, and the body slightly more robust. 

Length 9 to 10 ; breadth betAveeu pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hod). Coonoor, Nilgiris {Brit. Mus.). 



Genus DEROPLAX. 

Deroplax, Mayr, Tcrh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, xiv, p. 905 (1SG4). 

Argocoii?, Mayr J loc. cit. p. 905. 

Sergia, St&l, Htm. Afr. \, pp. S5 & 56 (186^). 

Type, D. ciixvmducta, Germ. An African species. 

Distribution. Central and South Africa and Madagascar ; one 
species said to be Indian. 

Allied to Hotea, from which it can be at once distinguished by 
the shorter and less acuminate head, the non-angulated lateral 
angles of the pronotum, the more profoundly sukated sternum, &c. 



124. Deroplax diffiua, Walk. (Ilottar) Cat. Het. \, p. 57. 7 (1867); 
IHst. A. M. K. H. (7) iv, p. 45 (1899). 

" Testaceous, elliptical, very minulely punctured. Head slightly 
rostriform, with two black longitudinal lines, \Ahich in the fore 
part are accompanied by t\AO slight furrows. Thorax somewhat 



ALPHOCOEIS. 



67 



rouudecl along the hind border, angular on each side, contracted 

in front ; two slight and 
interrupted black lines ; a 
transverse lanceolate ferru- 
ginous-bordered mark on 
each side near the fore 
border. Scutellum with a 
short longitudinal streak on 
each side, composed of 
minute black speckles. '* 
(WaU-er.) 

Length 9 millim. 

Ifab. " Hiudostan " (Brit, 
Mm.). 
No more precise locality for the unique type has been obtained. 




Fig. 29. — Beroplax diffuse 



Division ODONTOTARSARIA. 

Odontotarsaria, Stdl, En. Hem. ill, p. 4 (1873). 

Head as long as broad or longer ; anterior lateral margins of the 
pronotum not or very slightly rounded; orifices not distinguishable; 
second joint of antennae straight. 

Genus ALPHOCORIS. 

Alphocoris, Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 58 (1839) ; Dall. List Hem. i, p. 6 
(1851) ; St&l, Hem. Afr. i. pp. 35 & 60 (1864).] 

Type, A. Uxoides, Germ. 

Distribution. Throughout Africa ; North India. 
Generic characters as diagnosed above {Odontotarsaria) and as 
shown in figure below. 



125. Alphocoris lixoides, Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 59. 1, t. 1. f. 3 (1839). 

Ochraceous ; lateral areas and 
apex of head, four longitudinal 
fasciae, two on each lateral area, 
crossing pronotum and scutellum, 
and two central lines to scutellum 
piceous : body beneath and legs 
piceous, thickly greyishly tomen- 
tose, lateral margins of sternum 
and abdomen more or less ochra- 
ceous ; antennae, rostrum, and tarsi 
ochraceous. 

Length 8 to S| ; breadth between 
pronotal angles 2| millim. 
Bombay ; Khandala (Dixon). 
r2 




Fig. 30. — Alphocoris lixoides. 
Hah. North Lidia (Boys). 



68 



PENTATOMID^. 



Division EURYG AST R ARIA. 

Eurygastraria, Stdl, En. Hem, iii, p. -4 (1873). 

Differing from the previous division (Odoiitotarsarla) hy haviug 
the orifices distinct and the second joint of tlie antennae soiuew^hat 
curved. 

A. Scutelhiiu much narrower than abdomen . . Euryg-aster, p. 68. 

B. ScuteUum almost or practically covering the 

abdomen Melanodema, p. 69. 



Genus EURYGASTER. 

Eurygaster, subg. Eurygaster, Luj). Ess. p. 69 (1832). 
Bellocoris, pt., Hdlin, IVanz. Ins. ii, p. 42 (1834). 
Eurygaster, S2nn. Ess. p. 365 (1837). 
Tetyra, Germ. Zeitsckr. i, p. 72 (1839). 

Eurygaster, subg. Platvpleurus, Muls. 4" Hct/, Pun. France, p. 
(1865). 



59 



Type, E. hottentotus, Fabr. A Palaearctic species. 

Distribution. Neotropical and Palsearctic Regions, just entering 
the North-west Oriental Region. 

Body oval or ovate, moderately convex. Head flat, deflected, 
slightly concave ; antennae short and slender. Pronotum sex- 
angular ; scutellum much narrower than the abdomen, the lateral 
margins of the corium, especially at base, being exposed. Ab- 
domen with the counexivum fl.attened, extending beyond the 
latitude of the pronotum ; tibiae sulcated above. 

126. Eurygaster maura, Linn. (Cimex) Fawi. Suec. p. 246. 913 

(1761) ; St&l (Platvpleurus), En. Hem. iii, p. 30. 4 (1873) ; Leth. 

\ Sev. Cat. Oen. Hhn. i, p. 45 (1893) et synon. ; Atk. J. A. S. B. 

Ivi, p. 187. 105 (1887). 
Thyreocoris austriacus, Schrankj Faun. Boica, ii, p. 68. 

(1801). 

Tetyra picta, Fabr. Syst. Rhym/.-^. 136. 38 (1803). 
Eurygaster cognatus & orientalis, Westtv. in Hope Cat. i, 

(1837). 

Ochraceous, more or less 
suffused with dark or purple- 
brown and thickly and darkly 
punctate ; counexivum with 
large quadrate dark spots 
formed by dark punctures. 

This species varies in colour 
from almost uniform ochra- 
ceous to luteous with fasciae 
and sufl'usions of various 
shades of brown, in some 
varieties nearly almost suf- 
Scopoli (' Ent Carn.' p. 120) states that 



1095 



11 




Fig. 31. — Eurygaster maura. 
fused with dark brown 



MELANODBMA. 



69 



in all the varieties the colour of the under surface is always the 
same, but this cannot be maintained. 

Length 9 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. India ( WesUvood). — E. maura occurs generally throughout 
the Palsearctic Eegion, and is included here on the specimens 
described by Westwood now in the Hope Collection at Oxford. 

According to Leon Duiour this species is common in Trance 
upon the ears of wheat, which it pierces and sucks while they are 
in a green state. 

Genus MELANODEMA. 

Melanodema, Jakmcl. Troudy Ent. Ross, xi, p. 205 (1880) ; Oschan. 
Zoogeogr. Char. Faun. Polusch. lurkest. pp. 28, 65 (1891). 

Type, M. carbovaria, Jakowl., from Turkestan. 

Distribution. Turkestan and North-western India. 

Body oblong, convex above, broadest near apex of abdomen. 
Head large, convex, deflected ; antennse five-jointed, second and 
third joints smaller than fourth and fifth. Pronotum sexangular, 
widest between the lateral angles, which are rounded, transversely 
impressed near centre and with a central longitudinal cariuation. 
Scutellum large, almost completely covering the abdomen, the 
cerium exposed at base. Eostrum reaching the posterior coxae. 



127. Melanodema apicifera, Dist. A. M.N. H. (7) iv, p. 46 (1899). 

Black, coarsely punctate ; an irregular elongate apical spot to 

scutellum ochraceous ; legs and 
antennse (in type) mutilated ; 
pronotum and scutellum with 
a distinct centi-al, longitudinal, 
carinate line. Allied to M. car- 
bonaria, Jakowl., but broader ; 
apical spot to scutellum much 
larger ; pronotum less foveate ; 
scutellum much less foveate at 
basal margin ; central carina 
to pronotum and scutellum 
distinct. 

Length 9 millim. 
Hab. Bombay {Leith, Coll. Dist.). 

The specimen on which this species is founded was contained in 
the collection of Dr. Leith, which I acquired more than twenty 
years ago. These specimens were all described as" from Bombay, 
but Mr. Blanford informs me that Dr. Leith collected also in 
Sind — a fact to be remembered in connection with the habitat of 
this species. 





Fig. 32. — Melanodema apicifera. 



70 



PENTATOMID^. 



Division ODONTOSOELARIA. 

Odoutoscelaria, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 4 (1.873). 

Body setose or pilose ; head transverse, sub-semiorbicular ; pro- 
notuin anteriorly broader than the head, anterior lateral mai'gins 
distinctly rounded ; sciitellum very broad. 



Genus ARCTOCORIS. 

Arctocoris, part., Germ. Zeitschr. i, p. 4(3 (1839) ; Stdl, En. Hem. 

iii, p. 31 (1873). 
Irochrotus, Amy. 8f Serv. Hem. p. 39 (1843). 

Type, A. tomentosus, Grerin. An eastern Palaearctic species. 

Distribution. Palgearctic Region and IVorth-western India. 

Body thickly clothed with long hairs ; lateral margins of the 
pronotum deeply sinuated near middle, and profoundly transversely 
impressed across disk. 

128. Arctocoris incisus, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 31 (1873). 

Piceous, very thickly greyishly pilose ; scutellum with two dark 

elongate marks on each side, 
one at base and the other 
about middle ; antennae 
brownish-ochraceous ; pro- 
notum with a deep trans- 
verse incision, beyoud which 
the pilosity is very profuse : 
body beneath and legs 
piceous, much less pilose 
than above ; tarsi brownish- 
ochraceous. 

Length 5| ; breadth be- 
tween pronotal angles 3^ mm. 

Hah. "Bengal" (SiocJch. 
Mus.), probably N.W. India 
or Himalayas. 
The figure is taken from the type, kindly forwarded for that 
purpose by Dr. Chr. Aurivillius. 




Fig. 33. — Arctocoris incisus. 



Subfamily III. GRAPHOSOMATIN^. 

Pentatomina, Stdl Cpt.), En. Hem. v, p. 28 (1876). 

Graph osomidse, Leth. ^- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 49 (1893). 

This subfamily corresponds to the group of genera separated by 
Stai {supra), characterized by the large and long scutellum, which 
frequently reaches the apex of the abdomen, only the basal and 
outer margins of the corium being exposed. 



BRACHYCBROCORIS. 



71 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Body convex, more or less o-ibbous. 

a. Prouotum and scutelluiu tuberciilate .... 

b. Pronotnui and scutelluni not tuberculate . . 

B. Body neither gibbous nor prominently convex. 

a. Lateral lobes of head not meeting in front 

of central lobe. 

a. Lateral lobes of head not narrowed ante- 

riorly. 
a'. Lateral lobes of head dilated, divergent. 
//. Lateral lobes of head not dilated .... 

b. Lateral lobes of head narrowed ante- 

riorly 

b. Lateral lobes of head meeting in front of 

central lobe. 

a. Head plain, lateral lobes not tumescent. . 

b. Lateral lobes of head tumescent 



[p. 71. 

BRACHYCEROCORia, 
EOBANUS, p. 72. 



SrORTHECORIS, p. 77. 
PODOTS, p. 72. 

AlIAUROPEPLA, p. 78. 



Melanophara, p. 79. 

ASPIDESTROPHUS, 

[p. 80. 



Genus BRACHYCEROCORIS. 

Bracliycerocoris, Costa, Rend. Ac. Napl. (2) viii, p. 191 (1863) ; 

Stai, bfv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 18G7, p. 502. 
Teucrus, Stal, Ann. Soc. Enf. Fr. 1865, p. 168. 
Teressa, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 113 (1867). 

Type, B. camelus, Costa. 

Distribution. Ceylon, Malay Archipelago, China, and South Africa. 

Body robust, rugged, tuberculated and convex above. Head 
large, deflected, the lateral lobes a little longer than the central 
lobe and anteriorly contiguous. Pronotum strongly and somewhat 
perpendicularly deflected in front, convex, the lateral angles 
moderately prominent. Scutellum large, strongly tuberculated. 
Membrane with longitudinal veins. Sternum sulcated. 



129. Bracliycerocoris camelus, Costa, Bend. Ac. Xapl. (2) viii, p. 192 
(1863). 
Teressa terrauea, Wcdk. Cat. Het. i, p. 113 (1867). 

Dark chocolate-brown; head and anterior half of pronotum 

ochraeeously tomentoso ; antennse 
and tarsi brownish-ochraceous. Head 
and anterior half of pronotum tomen- 
tose, the last excavate and with a 
prominent tubercle at its base, 
posterior half with three central 
longitudinal ridges and very 
coarsely punctate, the lateral angles 
shortly spinous ; scutellum with a 
large compressed conical tubercle 
at base, its margins serrate and with 
a much smaller obtuse tubercle near 




Fig. 34. 
Brachycerocoris caraelus. 



apex. 



Length 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 
Hah. Ceylon {Lewis). — China {Brit. Mus.). 



72 PENTATOMID^. 

Genus EOBANUS. 
P:obaniis, Disf. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 240 (1901). 

Type, E. typicus, Dist. 

Bistrihution. At present onl}^ known Irum Burma. 

Allied to Bolhocoris, Amy. & 8erv. Body convex, short, mode- 
rately gibbous above. Head with the lateral lobes a little longer 
than and meeting in front of the central lobe, their margins reflexed. 
Antennae five-jointed ; second joint short and slender, fourth and 
fifth, and apex of the third, incrassated. Pronotum with the lateral 
margins convex, very strongly transversely impressed on disk. 
Scutellum almost as long as abdomen, deeply sinuate at base, where 
the corium is considerably exposed ; two oblique transverse im- 
pressions near base, slightly longitudinally continued at their 
apices. Eostrum about reaching the intermediate coxae ; meso- 
and metasterna with two very distinctly raised central carinas. 

130. Eobanus typicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 241 (1901). 
Black, very coarsely punctate ; abdomen beneath much more 




Fig. .35. — Evbanun it/picus. 

finely punctate ; antennae and tarsi pale brov^nish ; antennae with 
the third joint a little longest, fourth and fifth subequal. 

Length Sg ; breadth betw^een pronotal angles 2 miUira. 

Hah. Burma; Bhamo {Coll. Dist.). 

Genus PODOPS. 

Podops, La2). Ess. Hem. p. 72 (1832) : Doll List Hem. \, p. 52 

(1851). 
Scotinophara, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Forh. 1867, p. 502 ; id. En. Him. 

V, p. 29 (1876) ; Horv. Wien. ent. Zeit. 1883, p. 165. 
Amaurochrous, StSI, En. Hem. ii, p. 15 (1872). 
Petal odera, Horv. Wien. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 138. 
Opocrates, Horv. loc. cit. p. 161. 

Type, P. immctfi, Pabr. A European species. 
Distribution. Palffiarctic, Neotropical, and Oriental Eegions, 
extending throughout the Malayan Archipelago to Australia. 



PODOPS. / d 

Body more or less ovate. Head slightly convex, more or less 
sinuate before the eyes ; lateral lobes not meeting in front of the 
central lobe ; antenniferous tubercles placed below the lateral 
margins of the head, prominent and acutely produced outwards ; 
antennae somewhat short, basal joint entirely invisible from above, 
second joint distinctly shorter than the third ; rostrum reaching 
the posterior coxse. Pronotum transverse, with an acute tooth at 
or near anterior lateral angles, the lateral margins either nearly 
straight or more or less convex, plain or serrated, lateral angles 
prominent or subprominent. Scutellum about reaching the apex 
of the abdomen, slightly narrowed behind the base; sternum 

furrowed. ^wT^So^^W^T::;^^ M.- 

I. Lateral margins of pronotum spined below the anterior angles. 

131. Podops coarctata, Fabr. (Cimex) Mit. Syd. Suppl. p. 530. 44-5 
(1798) ; Stal (Scotiiiophara), Hem. Fabr. i, p. 21. 2 (1868). 
Tetyra bispinosa (pt.), Fabr. Syst Hhyru/. p. 1^8. 48 (1803). 
Podops spinosus, nasalis, & exacta, TJ'alk. Cat. Het. i, pp. 73, 74. 
nos. 18, 19,24(1867). 

Brownish-ochraceous, very coarsely and darkly punctate ; 
antennae (excluding basal joint), tibiae, tarsi, rostrum, and three 
small obscure spots at base of scutellum ochraceous or brownish- 




Fig. 36. — Podops coarctata. 

ochraceous : body beneath piceous, in some specimens the lateral 
margins of the abdomen distinctly paler. Lateral margins of the 
pronotum distinctly spined a little before anterior angles, lateral 
angles shortly spinous. 

Length 7 to 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 5 millim. 

Hah. Tranquebar. Ceylon. Burma : Eangoon, Bhamo, Teinzo 
{Fea). — Also a common species in the Malay Peninsula and 
received from Java. 



74 PENTATOMIDiE, 

II. Lateral margins of pronotum spiiied at or near the auterior 

angles. 

A. Anterior pronotal spine more or less horizontally extended. 

a. Lateral margins of pronotmn almost straight. 

1 32. Podops lurida, Jiurm. (Tetyra) Nov. Act. Ac. Leop. xvi, Sujjpl. i. 
p. 2«8. 7 (1834) ; Germ. Zeit.schr. \, p. 64. 3 (1839) ; Stal (Scotino- 
phara), En. Hem. \, p. 33. 4 (1870) ; Dist. (Scotinopliora) 
A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 44 (1879). 

Fuscous or piceous ; tibiae (excluding base) and tarsi generally 
more or less castaneous. Pronotum with the lateral margins 
nearly straight, a prominent spine at or near each anterior angle, 
the lateral angles subpromineut or notched, a distinct transverse 
impression across anterior disk ; the whole upper surface coarsely 
punctate. 

Length 10 to lOg ; breadth between pronotal angles 5| millim. 

Hah. Assam {Chennell). — A very rare species in India, but 
common in China and Japan. 



133. Podops obscura, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 52. 4 (1851) ; Stdl 

(Scotiuophara), En. Hem. v, p. 34 (1876). 

Closely allied to the preceding species (P. lurida, Burm.), but 
smaller, generallv paler in hue, the transverse impression to the 
pronotum less profound. 

Length 9 to 9g ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Assam: Naga Hills {Chennell) \ Tenasserim (5n^ il/ifs.). 
— The species has also been received from North China. The 
figure given by Vollenhoven (Faun. Ind. Neerl. i, p. 41, pi. iii, 
f. 6) as representing specimens from Java and Borneo is not 
typical. 

b. Lateral margins of i>ronotum more or less convex. 

134. Podops affinis, Ha(/L (Scotiuophara) Stett. ent. Zeit. xxix, 

p. 153. 2 (1868). 

Above greyish-black, coarsely punctate, lateral margins of the 
corium narrowly browiiisli ; beneath with legs piceous, tibiae 
(excluding base), tarsi, and I'ostrum browuish-ochraceous. Pro- 
notum with a minute tooth at each anterior angle, the lateral angles 
minutely produced, the lateral margins couvexly sinuate, and a 
distinct transverse impression with rugose margins on anterior 
area. 

Length 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karenuee {Fea)-, Eangoon {Coll. Dist.). 



PODOPS. /5 

135. Podops cetjlonica, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 241 (1901). 

Ochraceous, coarsely and darklj punctate ; head, anterior area 
of pronotum, and a small foveate spot at each basal angle of the 
scutellum more or less piceous ; scutelluoi with' three small 
ochraceous spots at base and with two irregular longitudinal 
series ol: very dark punctures : body beneath piceous, lateral 
margins of metasternum and abdomen broadly ochraceous ; rostrum 
and antennae brovvnish-ochraceous, the last with the apical joint 
piceous ; legs castaneous, tibia3 (excluding bases and also the 
apices of the anterior tibiae) and the tarsi ochraceous. 

Allied to P. limosa, AValk,, in colour, but to P. affinis, HagL, in 
structure of the pronotum. 

Length 7 ; breadth batween pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Ifab. Ceylon ; Pomparipo. 

c. Lateral inar(j'ins of pronotum serrate or dentate. 

136. Podops serrata, Voll. Faim. Ind. Neerl. i, p. 42, pi. 3, f. 9 (1863). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly, coarsely, and darkly punctate ; 
head and anterior area of jn'onotum ochraceously pubescent; 
scutellum with three small ochraceous spots at base: body 
beneath piceous ; legs piceous, femora castaneous at base, tibiae 
and tarsi brownish-ochraceous ; rostrum and antennae brownish- 
ochraceous, the first ^^'ith its apex fuscous. Lateral lobes of the 
head distinctly longer than the central and widely cleft at their 
apices ; pronotum with a long, laterally-directed spine at the 
anterior angles, the lateral angles obtusely spinous, the lateral 
margins serrate, and with a distinct transverse impression, in front 
of which the surface is moderately tuberculous ; scutellum a little 
gibbous at base and with a distinct central longitudinal impression. 

Length 9 to 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles G to 7 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim; Mungphu. Naga Hills. Burma; Bhamo {Coll. 
Dist.). — Also recorded from Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and 
Philippines. 

137. Podops dentata Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 242 (1901). 

Pale brownish-ochraceous ; head and pronotum thickly and 
coarsely punctate, scutellum with the punctures arranged in fine 
longitudinal series, exposed corium also somewhat longitudinally 
punctate : body beneath and legs concolorous, femora with a pale 
annulation near apices ; apical joint of antennae and disks of 
sternum and abdomen more or less piceous. Rostrum with the 
lateral margins finely dentate, the anterior lateral angles produced 
in short laterally-produced spines, lateral angles obtusely spinous ; 
transversely impressed on anterior disk and behind anterior 
margin. 

Length 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. Calcutta {Coll. Dist.); Maldah {Atkinson Coll., Brit. Mus.). 



76 PENTATOMID^. 

B. Anterior pronotal spines forwardh/ extended. 
a. Lateral margins of pronotum almost straight. 

138. Podops limosa, Walk. Cat. Set. i, p. 72. 17 (1867) ; Dist. 

A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 48 (1899). 

Diill ochraeeous, thickly, coarsely, and more darkly punctate ; 
head, anterior area and apices of spines at lateral angles of 
pronotum, and a small foveate spot at basal angles of scutellum 
more or less piceous ; punctures to the scutellum with indications 
of some longitudinal series : body beneath piceous, lateral margins 
of metasterniim and abdomen broadly ochraeeous; legs, i-ostrum, 
and antennae brownish-ochraceous, the femora castaneous or 
piceous. Anterior angles of pronotum with a long forwardly- 
directed spine; lateral margins nearly straight, lateral angles with 
a short obtuse spine. 

Length 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. Calcutta {Atlinson Coll., Brit. Mus.) ; Tenasserim. 

139. Podops ochracea, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) viii, p. 241 (1901). 

Ochraeeous, coarsely and more darkly punctate ; head, anterior 
area and apices of lateral angles to pronotum, and a small foveate 
spot in each basal angle of the scutellum more or less piceous : 
body beneath, legs, antenna?, and rostrum ochraeeous ; disk of 
abdomen, apical joint of antennse, coxae, and bases of femora 
piceous. 

Allied to the preceding species (P. limosa), but differing by the 
larger size, different colour of the body beneath and femora, &c. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| millim. 

Hah. Arakan {Coll. Dist.). Tenasserim ; Victoria Vomt {AtMn- 
son Coll.). 

b. Lateral margins of pronotum more or less convex. 

140. Podops nigra, Dall. List Hem. \, p. 53 (1851). 

Black ; outer margins of the corium and lateral margins of the 
abdomen beneath obscure pitchy red ; tarsi ochraeeous ; rostrum 
castaneous, with the basal joint black. Head long, with a strong 
spine before each eye; pronotum with along anteriorly- directed 
spine at each anterior angle, the lateral margins reflexed and con- 
cavely sinuate, the lateral angles obtusely spinous, slightly gibbous 
in front, with a distinct transverse impression near the middle. 

Allied in general appearance and shape to P. affinis, Hagl., but 
differing by the more elongate head and the length and direction 
of the spines at the anterior angles of pronotum. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. "India" (^r/f. il/ws.). 



STOKTHECORIS. 77 

141. Podops «CUtellata, Scott, Trans. Ent. Son. 1880, p. 307. 

Brownish-ochraceous, coarsely and more darkly punctate ; head, 
anterior area and lateral spines of pronotum, broad central area to 
scutellum, extending more than hall: its length and widest at base, 
where there is a foveate spot in each basal angle, black ; two small 
ochraceous spots on anterior area of pronotum, one at each inner 
angle of the transverse callosities ; three small ochraceous spots at 
base of scutellum : body beneath and legs piceous ; lateral ab- 
dominal margins, the tarsi and antennae brownish-ochraceous. 
Pronotum with a distinct transverse impression, the spines at 
anterior angles very slightly directed forward, the lateral margins 
bi-concavely sinuate, the lateral angles produced into obtuse 
spines. 

Length 6 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon (Lewis). — Also originally received from Japan. 

c. Lateral i^ronotal angles longly sjnnons. 

142. Podops bispinosa, Fabr. (Cimex) JEnt. Si/st. Suppl. p. 529. 31-2 

(1798) ; id. (Tetyra) Si/st. Rhytu/. p. 138.' 48 (1803) (pt.) ; Stdl 
(Scotinophara), Hem. Fabr. i, p. 21. 1 (1868). 

Brownish-ochraceous, coarsely and darkly punctate ; head, 
anterior area and spines to pronotum, a foveate spot in each basal 
angle of the scutellum, piceous : body beneath and legs piceous ; 
rostrum, tibise, tarsi, some lateral sterual spots and lateral ab- 
dominal margins, brownish-ochraceous ; antennae brownish-ochra- 
ceous, the apical joint fuscous. Pronotum with a strong forwardly- 
directed spine at each anterior angle, and with a long slender spine 
at each lateral angle ; the apices of the spines brownish ; pronotum 
with a distinct pale central carinate line and with three small in- 
distinct pale spots at base of scutellum. 

Length 7 to 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Tranquebar {Mus. Lund.) ; Bombay, Deccan {Dan). 



Genus STOKTHECORIS. 

Storthecoris, Horv. Wien. ent. Zeit. ii, p. 296 (1883). 

Type, S. nigriceps, Horv. 

Distribution, North-east India, Malay Peninsula, Borneo. 

Body short, ovate. Head transverse, slightly convex, gradually 
dilated forwards before the anteocular sinus ; lateral lobes flattened, 
longer than the central lobe, their apices somewhat widely 
separated; antenniferous tubercles produced outwardly in a 
conical spine ; antennae somewhat short, basal joint altogether 
visible from above. Pronotum transverse, lateral margins irregu- 
larly serrate, provided with a long spine near each anterior angle, 
toothed at lateral angles, disk centrally impressed. Scutellum 



78 PENTATOMIDiE. 

large, reaching or nearly reaching the apex of the abdomen ; 
prosternum furro^^■ed. 

The flattened, dilated, divergent, lateral lobes of the head will 
serve to distinguish this genus from the others to which it is 
allied. 

143. Storthecoris nigriceps, Horv. Wein. ent. Zeit. ii, p. 297 (1883). 
Scotiuopliara tarsalis, T'o//. (var.), iJist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 40 
(1879) ; Ath. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 195 (1887). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate, head more or 
less piceous ; body beneath piceous ; antennas, rostrum, legs, and 
lateral areas of metasternum and abdomen brownish-ochraceous. 
Body thickly and coarsely punctate ; scutellum more or less 




Fig. 37. — Storthecoris nigriceps. 

piceous at base, with three small ochraceous spots on basal margin, 
and three longitudinal, discal, indistinct punctate fasciae ; lateral 
margins of the pronotum irregularly and dentately serrate, between 
the anterior and lateral spines containing two concavities. 

Length 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hab. Khasi m\h {CJiemieU) ; Sibsagar (Co?Z. Z>i*<.). 

This species is closely allied to the Podoj>s tarsaUs, Voll. (Taun. 
Ind. Neerl. p. 42, t. 3, f. 8, 1863), as a variety of which in 1879 
(svj)ra) I enumerated some Assamese specimens. Dr. Horvath 
has since described this form and made a genus for its reception, 
a course followed here. P. tarsalis, Voll., must be included in 
Storthecoris. 

Genus AMAUROPEPLA. 

Amain-opepla, SfcV, Ofi. J'cf.-Al-. lor/t. 1867, p. 502 ; ul. En. Hem. 
y, p. 29 (1876). 

Type, A. clenticulata, Hagl. 

Distrihtdion. N.E. India, Burma. 

Differs from the tw o preceding genera (Podoj^s and StortJiecoris) 
in having the head gradually narrowed before the anteocular 
sinus ; the anterior lateral mai^gins of the pronotum are rounded 
and denticulate ; head somewhat flat, median lobe not elevated. 



MELAXOPHARA. 




Fig. 38. — Amauropej^la denticulata. 



144. Amauropepla denticulata, Hcujl. Stett. ent. ZeU. xxix, p. 151 

(1868). 
Browuish-ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate ; head, an- 
terior area of pronotum, base, 
a central longitudinal line, 
and basal angles to scutellum 
piceous, between the basal 
patch and basal angles a small 
luteous spot ; antennae brown- 
ish-ochraceous : body beneath 
piceous ; legs, rostrum, lateral 
margins of meso- and meta- 
sterna, and abdomen ochra- 
ceous. Lateral lobes of the head 
a little longer than the centrnl 
lobe, but widely divergent at 
their apices ; antenniferous 

tubercles spinous ; rostrum short, not reaching the intermediate 

coxae. 

Length 8 to 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 
Hah. Assam {Coll. Dist.). Rangoon {StocJch. Mus.). 

Genus MELANOPHARA. 

Melanophara, Stdl, Of v. V^t.-Ak. Fork. 1807, p. 503 ; id. En. Hem. 
y, p. 29 (1876). 

Type, M. dentaia, Hagl. 

Distrihution. N.E. India, Burma. 

This genus may be distingiiished from the preceding {Amauro- 
pepla) by having the lateral lobes of the head longer than the 
central lobe, with their apices contiguous ; the spine at the 
antenniferous tubercles is also longer, the eyes are distinctly 
stylated, and the lateral margins of the head are acute, 

145. Melanophara dentata, Ha(jl. Stett. ent. ZeU. xxix, p. 152. 1 (1868). 

Black, opaque, somewhat 
thickly punctate ; rostrum 
and tarsi brownish : body 
beneath greyish pubescent ; 
pronotum anteriorly elevated 
and rugosely waved, anterior 
angles with a minute tooth, 
lateral margins convexly 
sinuate and furnished with 
about four small teeth, lateral 
angles acutely spined ; first 
and second joints of the 
antennae equal to and about 
one-half the length of the 
third ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae. 

Length 8| ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills {Chennell). Eangoou {StockJi. 31 us.). 




Fig. 39. — Melanophara devtata. 



80 



PENTATOMIDjE. 



146. Melanophara spinifera, Westw. (Podops) m Hope Cat. Hem. i, 
p. 16 (1837). 
Podops funestus, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 521 (1868). 

Allied to M, denfata, Hagl., but larger, the anterior area of the 
prouotum much more strongly tuberculate, the lateral margins 
more strongly spined, punctures on body above coarser 'and more 
profound. 

Length 9 to 11 millim. 

Hab. Bengal (Hope Coll.) • Calcutta (Atl: Coll.). — Penang. 



Genus ASPIDESTROPHUS. 

Aspidestrophus, Stal, Ofo. Fet.-Ak. Fiirh. 1854, p. 232 ; id. Freg. Eug. 
Resa, Ins. Hetn. p. 219 (1859) ; id. En. Hem. v, p. 29 (1876). 

Type, A. morio, Stal. 

Distrihution. N.E. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula ; Malayan 
Archipelago. 

Ditters from Melanophara in having the head more convex and 
its lateral margins obtuse, the lateral lobes tumescent ; scutellum 
moderately gibbous at base. 

147. Aspidestrophus morio, Stal, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1854, p. 232. 1 ; 
id. Freq. Eiu/. Resa, Ins. Hem. p! 219, pi. 3, f. 1 (1859) ; Voll. Faun. 
Ind. Neerl. \ p. 43. 1 (1863). 

Dark fuscous ; a linear spot on pronotum, rostrum and tarsi 
ochraceous. Pronotmn with the lateral margins almost oblique, 
very strongly and coarsely dentate, the lateral angles distinctly 
spinous, a distinct transverse impression behind the middle, in 
front of which the disk is moderately, transversely, narrowly 
gibbous. 

Length 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5| millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills (Chennell). Java {StockJi. 3Ius.). 




Fig. 40. — Afipidesfrophus lincola. 

] 48. Aspidestrophus lineola, Voll. Faun. Ind. Neerl. i, p. 44. 2, pi. 3, 

f. 10 (1863). 

Closely allied to the preceding species {A. morio, Stal), but 



CYDNIN^. 81 

differing by its smaller size, convex lateral margins of the pro- 
notum, shorter aud relatively broader scutellum, transverse 
impression to pronotum almost reaching lateral margins, &c. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pi-onotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Naga Plills (CAmije//). Burma; Karennee (jPm). Malay 
Peninsula ; Perak. S.E. Borneo. 



Subfamily IV. CYDNINtE. 

Cydnini, Schwdtc, in Kriiij. Nat. Tidsskr. (2) ii, p. 454 (1849). 

Cvdiiida3, Ball. List Hem. i. p. 109 (1851). 

Cydnida, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 18 (1864). 

Cydnina, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 17 (1876). 

Cydnides, Siijn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. '2.') (1881). 

AntennsB remote from the lateral margins of the head, inserted 
near the base of the head, or not more remote therefrom than the 
anterior margin of the eyes. Costal margin of corium prominent 
beyond the lateral margin of the abdomen. Pirst abdominal 
segment, or at least its side, covered by the metasteruum, the 
extreme posterior margin only visible. Lateral abdominal margins 
entire, not incised between the segments, the segmental angles 
not prominent. Tibiae spinose. 

The Cydnina) are universally distributed, and none as yet appear 
to have been recorded as injurious insects, 8ome are found under 
stones and similar objects, and many are procured b}^ sweeping 
low herbage. 

Eighteen genera are here enumerated, but it is more than 
probable that many forms of these obscure insects await 
discovery. 

Sipio2ms of Genera. 

1. Scutelluiu moderately long, the lateral 
luargins longer than the basal. 

A. Eyes obsolete, scarcely visible Cephalocteus, p. 82. 

B. Eyes entire, ordinary, sometimes promi- 

nent. Ocelli visible. 

a. Anterior tarsi inserted before the apex 

of the tibiie. 

a. Posterior tibite tliickened Stibaropus, p. 84. 

b. Posterior tibi;e slender L.\ctistes, p. 86. 

b. Anterior tarsi inserted at the apex of 

the tibiae. ' 

a. Posterior tibise somewhat flattened 

and margined witli short close 

stift' hairs Scopaeipes, p. 88. 

b. Posterior tibiae cylindrical. 

a. Antennae four-jointed Adbisa, p. 89. 

b'. Antennaj five-jointed. 

d^. Margins of the head spinulose, 

setose, or ciliated Cydnus, p. 90. 

b'-. Margins of the head ciliated, 
not spinulose. 
YOL. I. G 



OZ PEjNTTATOMIDiE. 

a^. Rostrum Jong, reacliiug or 
passifig the 3rd abdominal 

segment Gampsotes, p. 94. 

b^. Rostrum not passing the 
posterior coxae. 
a*. Oorium not broader than 
abdomen. 
o5. Posterior femora gene- 
rally spined Macroscytus, p. 94. 

//. Posterior femora not 

spined Geotomus, p. 98. 

l>^. Corium broader than 

abdomen Feomundus, p. 99, 

II. Scutellum short, triangular, margins about 

equal in length. 

A. ilead neither spiuose nor dentate. 

a. Head with the lateral lobes longer 

than central and strongly reilexed . . Bbachypelta, p. 100. 

b. Head with the lateral lobes not dis- 

tinctly longer than the central. 

a. Membrane longer than the corium. 
a. Apical margin of corium very 

strongly sinuate Hkurnius, p. 101. 

b'. Apical margin of corium slightly 

sinuate Gaesaueia, p. 102. 

b. Membrane shorter than the corium. Cydnopeltus, p. 103. 

B. Head marginally hairy or spinous. 

a. Scutellum triangular, apex more or 

less acule. 

a. Anterior margin of pronotum very 

slightly concave '. Chilocoris, p. 104. 

b. Anterior margin of pronotum deeply 

excavated to receive head Peltoxys, p. 100. 

b. Scutellum with the apex broadly 

rounded ". Xlshadana, p. 107. 

III. Prosternum strongly furrowed Sehirus, p. 108. 



Genus CEPHALOCTEUS. 

Cephalocteus, Diifour, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1834, p. 342; Sii/n. Ann. 
Soc. Ent. Fr. 1881, p. 38; .4^^-. J. A. -S'. B. Ivi, p. 37 (1887). 

Type, C. scaraha-ouJcs, 
Fabf. 

Distribution. Palaearctic, 
Ethiopian, and Oriental 
Regions. 

The only Indian species 
of Cephalocteus is unknown 
to me as to other writers : 
I therefore give a figure 
of a Pala^arctic species to 
illustrate the genus. 

According to Siguoret, 
Y\g. 41.— C'epJiatocfc'ug scarabceoidex. this genus can be distin- 




CEPHALOCTEUS. 83 

guished from any other of the Cydninae by having the eyes ahnost 
invisible, composed only of a small tubercle surmounted by one 
or two others, while the ocelli are absent. 

Head longer than broad, spinulose, ciliated on the margin and 
on the vertex ; lateral lobes longer than the central, which is, 
however, free in front ; antennae five-jointed, first joint longest, 
the last two shortest and globose. Eostrum reaching the inter- 
mediatje coxae, second joint stoutest and longest. Pronotum twice 
as broad as long, pilose on the sides and on part of the disk. 
Scutellum longer than broad, acinuinate. Hemelytra shorter than 
the abdomen, membrane very short aud veinless ; femora mode- 
rately dilated ; intermediate aud posterior tibiae ciliated over their 
whole surface, the first pair with ten spines on tlie outer side, 
apparently mobile, increasing in length and breadth from base to 
apex, the internal side furnished with four spines and having long 
hairs ; tarsi long aud slender ; claws with bristle-like appendages. 
Odoriferous aperture more or less confused in the mesosternal 
groove with the ostiole towards the middle, aud forming an oblique 
opening with a distinct margin at the base and almost none 
at apex. 

149. Cephalocteus melolonthoides, Schiodte, in Krdy. Nat. Tkksl-r. 
iv, p. 3:3:J (184:;) ; Atl-. J. A. -S'. B. Ivi, p. S7 (1887). 

I have not seen this species, and can therefore only rely on the 
description of Schiodte. 

Fuscous or piceous, with ferruginous hairs : scutellum and 
cerium at the apex of a paler colour, membrane albescent at the 
apex ; antennae and rostrum ferruginous ; basal margin of head 
pale yellow ; legs rufous, posterior tibiae piceous, spines fuscous, all 
the tarsi pale ; head almost one-sixth the length of the body, some- 
what convex, impressed towards the sides \\\ih some unequal 
punctures ; anterior margin of the head between the somewhat 
exserted eyes broadly rounded, deeply incised at centre ; sides of 
clypeus converging towards the apex, united by a small transverse 
furrow behind the middle ; pronotum at least twice as broad as 
its median length, not quite twice as long as the head, narrower 
than the basal breadth by one-third at apex, convex, densely and 
minutely punctate, somewhat smooth towards the anterior angles ; 
scutellum almost twice as long as the pronotum, somewhat con- 
vex, densely punctate, anterior angles very acute, lateral margins 
straight, apex broadly rounded ; corium as broad as half of the 
anterior margin of the scutellum, densely punctate, somewhat 
convex, sides convexly sloped, externally rounded ; abdomen some- 
what smooth, with ferruginous hairs. 

Length 3| millim, 

IJab. Travancore. 



G 2 



8-i 



PENTATOMID.E. 



Genus STIBAROPUS. 

Stibaropus, Dall. List Hem. i, pp. Ill, 125 (1851); Su/n. J?i?i. iSoc. 

Ent. Fr. 1881, p. 43. 
Pacliycnemis. Jah. Hem. Caucas., Trondy Rttssk. Ent. Ohs. yiii, p. 54 

(1875). 
Scliiodtella. Su/n. Bull. Soc. Ent. Ft: (0) i, p. clvii (1881), part. 

Type, S. mohjinns, Scliiodte. 

iJistnhution. Palsearctic and Oriental Eegions. 

Head inclined anteriorly, longer than broad, the apex slightly 
eniarginate, the margins spiuulous ; eyes globose, ocelli large ; 
antennae short, five-jointed, gradually increasing in thickness from 
base to apex. Eostrum slender, usually reaching the posterior coxae. 
Membrane well developed and extending beyond the apex of the 
abdomen. Anterior tibiae compressed, with the basal half of the 
outer margin spinose, the inner margin fringed with hairs, especially 
at the apex ; tarsi inserted at about one-third from apex, long and 
slender, basal joint very long ; intermediate tibiae somevs hat clavate, 
strongly curved, thickly spinose on the outside, especially towards 
apex; tarsi inserted at apex of tibiae, their apical joint longest; 
posterior legs very stout and somewhat short, femora very broad 
and somewhat compressed ; tibiae very short, spinose on the out- 
side, much enlarged and abruptly truncated at apex, forming a 
large oval disk surrounded by closely-set spines : tarsi very short 
and almost hidden by surrounding spines. 




Fig. 42. — Stibaropu.-^ innlgiiiin 



150. StibaropUS molginus, Scliiiidtc (Scaptocoris), in Kriii/. Nat, 
Tidsskr. (2) ii. 1). 458 (1819) : yitk. J. A. S. B. hi. p. 39 (1887) ; 
Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 218 (1899). 



STIBAEOPUS 85 

Stibavo])us bniuneus, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 12o, t. iii, f. 1 (1851). 
Stibaropus latipes, Atk. (ncc Wcstw.) J. A. S. B. hi, p. 39 (1887). 

Head, pronotum, and scutelluin dark castaneous, the coriuin a 
little paler in hue ; head finely wrinkled, somewhat pieeous on 
hasal area, the ocelli red; pronotum strongly transversely wrinkled 
rather more than half its length, from base to a shallow transAerse 
furrow: in front of this furrow is a transverse line, bevond 
which the surface is somewhat raised and almost smooth ; seutellum 
transversely wrinkled, with a few scattered punctures; corium 
tliickly and finely punctate ; membrane dull oehraceous, semi- 
hyaline ; body beneath pale castaneous, finely pilose. 

Length 9 ; max. breadth 5,4 millim. 

Hah. " Xorth India"" {Brit. Mus.). Burma; Sheninaga (Fea). 

151. Stibaropus tabulatllS, Schidiltc fScaptocovis), in Kvikj. Xat. 

Tidsshr. (l>) ii. p. 4o9 (1849); Sfil, En. Hem. v, p. 17^(1876); 
Siffn Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. 45 (1881). 

.Signoret describes this species (evidently a condensation of the 
diagnosis of Schiiidte) as follows : — " Strongly suboval. Rostrum 
as long as the sternum. Second joint of the antennse a fourth part 
longer than the tliird *. Seutellum transversely striated, angularly 
rounded at apex. Corium smooth or very obsoletely punctate. 

"Length 7| millim."' 

Hah. Travancore. 

152. Stibaropus callidus, ScJ/iiidte {Scu^tocovh), in Km i/. Nat. Tidsskr. 

(2) ii. p. 4()0 (1849) ; Sfctl, En. Hem. v, p. 17 (187*0); Si(/n. Ann. 
Soc. Ent. Fr. ((3) i, p. 46 (1881). 

Differs from the preceding species by its smaller size ; the 
rostrum only the length of the prosternum ; the third joint of the 
antennae about equal in length to the fourth ; seutellum transversely 
rugosely punctate, most thickly and more confluent at base ; corium 
finely punctate. 

Length 5 to 5 1 millim. 

Hah. Bengal; Serampore. Calcutta and ii. India (Ind. Mtis.). 
Burma : Schwego-Myo, Toungoo, Kafha, Eangoon, Palon (Fea). 

'" Found flying in the evening on the banks of the Hugli River '" 
(Atkinson). 

153. Stibaropus minor, Wafk. Cat. Het. i. p. 166. -2 (1867) : Hist. 

A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 218 (1899). 
Stibaropus testaceus, Walk. loc. cit. p. 166. 3. 
Stibaropus flavidus, Si(in. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. 47, pi. 2, f. 

(1881). 

This species is more elongate in form and much paler in hue than 

* Scbi(iclte evidently, as Siguovet suggests, mistook the third for the second 
ioint of tlie antenna?, and the above should probably be described as " third 
ioint a fourth part longer tlian the fourth.'' 



86 PENTATOMlD.i:. 

those preceding, being generally dark ochraceous ; third joint of 
the antennae a little longer than the fourth ; rostrum about reach- 
ing the intermediate coxce ; pronotum profoundly transversely 
furrowed near centre, behind which the surface is transversely 
rugulose ; scutelhim transversely rugosely striate, with a distinct 
foveate impression near the apex. 

Length o^ to 65 millira. 

Bab. '^ovth India (Coll. Dist.). Burma: Katha, Bhamo (i'm). 



Genus LACTISTES. 

Lactistes, Schiodfe, in KriJi/. Xaf. D'dssAr. ('2} ii, p. 456 (1849) ; Stdl, 
En. Hem. \, p. 17 (1870) ; Si(/n. Bull. Soc. E71t.Fr. (5) ix, p. clxxii 
(1879) ; id. A7in. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. 48 (1881) : Atk. J. A. S. B. 
Ivi, p. 42 (1887). 

Type, L. vericulatus, Schiodte. An African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental JRegions. 

As in the preceding genus, the anterior tarsi are apparently 
inserted before the end of tlie tibiae, owing to the prolonged con- 
dition of the apex of the tibia — which is more or less emarginate — 
arising from the union of the apical spines. Head normally 
cihated ; lateral lobes enclosing the central lobe, but emarginate at 
apex : vertex more or less rugulose ; eyes spinose at base ; pro- 
notum narrower in front, with a transverse median impression ; 
corium almost twice as long as the membrane, the last extending 
beyond the abdomen. In Stibaro/nis the posterior tibise are 
thickened ; in Lactistes they are slender. 

154. Lactistes rastellus, Schiodte, in Krvy. Nat. Tidssh: (2) ii, p. 457 
(1849); StSl Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fiirh. 1870, p. 614: Sign. Ann. Soc. 
Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. 49, t. 2, f. 8 (1881). 
^-Ethiis pliilippiueusis, Dull. List Hem. \, p. 118. 19 (1851). 

Blackish-brown, shining, elongate, strongly and densely punctate 
except on the anterior part of the pronotum. Head shorter than 
its greatest breadth through the eyes, rugosely punctate, central 
lobe stronger and more prominent than the lateral lobes ; rostrum 
reaching the intermediate coxte, the three basal joints about equal 
in length, second joint a little the shortest ; pronotum punctate, 
except on the anterior disk and the posterior margin : scutellum 
strongly punctate, with the apex acuminate ; corium thickly and 
finely punctate, with three or more marginal piliferous points ; 
anterior tibiae with the inner margin sinuated, ^ith a rounded 
tuberosity before the apex, the outer margin uith five or six strong 
dental spines, the last near the protuberance very small ; abdomen 
punctured. 

Length 5 to ; max. breadth 3 to 4 millim. 

Hab. Bengal; Serampore. Burma: Rangoon, Palou, Toinigoo, 
Prome, Karennee (i^(?rt), Minhla (Comotto). Tenasserim ; Thagata 
(Fea). — Also received from the Philippines. 



LACTISTES. 



87 



155. Lactistes vicinus, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. 50, t. 2, f. 

(1881). 

Closely allied to the preceding species (L. rastellus), but differing 
from it in the mucli shorter, broader, and rounded apex of the 
tibiae : the inner margin is without a tuberosity, whilst the outer 
margin possesses five or six dental spines. Head rounded, emar- 
ginate in front ; pronotum punctured, the margins ciliated ; the 
odoriferous aperture more sinuous anteriorly and posteriorly, 
terminating in a lobe more angularly rounded, with a small 
tooth at the emai'gination ; third joint of the antennae oval, as 
long as the second but stouter, fourth and fifth joints longest and 
equal. 

Length 5 7:f ; max. breadth 3^ millim. 

Nab. Bombay (Leith). 



156. Lactistes truncato-serratus, Si(/n. Ann. Sue. Eat. Fr. (6) i, p. 51, 

t. 2, f. 10(1881). 

Allied to the preceding species in form and coloration, but, 
according to ISignoret, differing in the dilated prolongation of the 










Ficr. 43. — Lacf/sfcs fruncato-serratua. 



posterior tibiae, which are short and possess at the last spine on the 
outer margin two emarginations, which form three rounded teeth. 
(Signoret must evidently have been here describing the anterior 
and not the posterior tibiae.) Head rounded, emarginate in front, 
the central lobe shorter than the lateral lobes but free, the lateral 
lobes not meeting at apices ; pronotum more punctate, with two 
irregular levigate spaces on the anterior disk ; scutellum less 
densely punctate ; corium without marginal piliferous points ; 
abdomen punctured on the marginal areas, also punctured on the 
shining lateral areas of the mesosternum, and on the metasternum 



88 



PENTATOMIB.I. 



near the insertion of the posterior femora ; the odoriferous aper- 
ture is also distiuct in construction. 

Length 7^ to 8 : max. breadth 3| to 4 miUim. 

Hah. "North India"' (Signoret). Burma: Eangoon, Palon, 
Teinzo, Karennee (Fea). Tenasserim ; Thagata (Fea). 



Genus SCOPAIilPES. 

Scoparipes, Siffn. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fv. ix, ]>. clx.viii (1879) ; Aim. Soc. 
Eut.Fr.l8Sl, p. 2()± 

Type, S, latipes, Westw. A Malayan species. 

Distribntion. Oriental Eegion. 

This genus was founded for the reception of a group of species 
distinguished by the form of the posterior tibiae, which in the male 
sex are long, flattened, narrower at the base than at the apex, and 
have on the inner surface a line or margin furnished with short, 
very close, stiff hairs ; in the female sex the same line possesses 
but a few haii's only ; on the outer margin there are spines, as in 
other alHed genera. Tlie head is more or less rounded and 
margined with hairs and rather stout spinules ; antenna; tive- 
jointed, the third joint shorter than the second ; odoriferous 
aperture broad, transversely grooved, terminating in a broad lobe, 
with the lower opening surrounded by a hood (capuchon). 

157. Scoparipes (?) longirostris, Sicpi. Ann. Soc Ent. Fr. (6) i. p. 205, 
t. vii, f. 24 (1881) : Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 45 (1887). 

This is a species I have not seen, and some doubt seems to exist 
both as to its generic position and exact habitat. Signorel's figure 
is here reproduced, with Atldjison's translation of his description, 
which is qnite literal. 

Brown-black : some\\"hat parallel, 
elongate ; rostrum and tarsi yellowish ; 
first two joints of the antennas black, 
the rest brownish. Head rounded in 
front, striated, finely punctured, spi- 
nulose, and ciliated on the margin ; 
second joint of the antennae longer 
than the third ; rostrum very long, 
leaching the second ventral segment, 
the joints almost equal, the second 
joint much arched ; pronotum almost 
square, anterior angles rounded, an- 
terior border much emarginate and 
strongly impressed, finely punctured, 
also the lateral margins and on the 
median transverse line, much ciliated 
on the borders ; scutellum roiuided, 
impressed at the tip and very concave, 
disk punctured ; hemelytra shorter and narrower than the abdo- 
men, finely punctured, with 7-8 piliferous points on the external 




Fig. 44. 

Scoiidripes (?) loiic/irostris. 



AURISA. 



89 



side; membrane brov\n ; feet black; anterior tibine broad, witb 
the usual spines ; abdomen glossy in the middle, punctured and 
striated on the sides. 

Length 12: max. breadth 6 millim. 

Ihih. "India" (Let/den Mus.). 

Genus ADRISA. 

Adrisa, Amt/. i^- Serv. Hem. p. 89 (1843) ; Si(jn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 

1881, p. 206. 
Acatalectus, DaU. List Hem. i, pp. 110, 122 (1851). 
Geobia, Montrouz. Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 1858, p. 245. 

Type, A. nigra. Amy. & Serv., from Java,. 

Distribution. Indin, Burma, the Malay Peninsula, ^Malayan 
Archipelago, Australia, and Tasmania. 

This genus is readily recognized by its anterinro being only four- 
jointed, owing to the fusion of the second and third joints ; Urst 
joint short, not extending beyond the anterior margin of the head, 
second about as long as the third and fourth together ; rostrum 
with the second joint thickest and longest, the fourth shortest ; 
body oval, slightly convex ; corium twice as long as the mem- 
brane ; seutellum angular at the apex. 




158. Adrisa magna, Zlder (Acatalectus), Proc. Ac. X. S. Phil. p. 222 
(18(30) ; Siyn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) i, p. 206, t. 7, f. 25 (1881 ). 

Black, shining, much punctured, the punctuation more or less 

confluent ; head rounded in 
front, the lateral margins 
strongly and rugosely punc- 
tate, and very finely and 
obscurely meeting in front 
of the median lobe ; pro- 
notum subquadrate, the 
anterior angles rounded, 
the disk punctured ex- 
cepting a smooth space on 
the anterior area ; scutel- 
lum rugosely punctate, with 
a more or less distinct cen- 
l tral carinate line; corium 

subopaque, thickly and 
finely punctate ; membrane 
fuliginous. 
(The males are much smaller than the 



^^f^^^ 








Fig. 45. —Adrisa magna 




Length 13 to 19 millim 
females.) 

Hah. Xuga Hills (Chen ad/). Burma; Ash we Keba (Fea). 
Tenasserim ; Tavoy (Co7Z. D/s<.), My itta (^o/ter^^), Meetan (Fea). 
— Also received from Hong Kong. 



90 PEXTATOMID.^. 



Genus CYDNUS. 



Cvilnus, Fabr. (part.) Sysf. Rhyuf/. p. 184 (1803); Sign. Ann. Soc. 

'Ent. Ft: (H) ii. p. 14o (1882).' 
.Ethus, Ddll. List Hem. i, pp. 110, U'l (1851); Sif/n. op. rit. (6) i, 

p. 423(1881). 
Microponis, Uhler, Gcol. Gco(ir. Surv. 1875, p. 275 : id. op. cif. 1876, 

p. 10. 

Type, C. nigrihis, Fabr. 

Dlstrihution. Almost uuiversal. 

Cydnus and jEtlms have been treated as separate genera by 
most writers, but it seems best to unite tbem, as has recently been 
done in Lethierry and Severin's Catalogue. The antennae are 
live-jointed ; body oval or ovate, slightly concave; margins of the 
head pilose, setose, or remotely ciliated ; lobes of the head equal 
in length, or the lateral lobes longer than the central lobe; ostiolar 
canal having either at the apex a tree lobe, more or less elevated, 
horn-shaped, and more or less flattened at the sides (Cychms, 
Sign.), or without this appendage {^tJius, Sign.). 

159, Cydnus nigritus, Fabr. (Cimex) F7it. Syst. iv, p. 123 (1794) ; 

id. Siist. lihymi. p. 184 (1803) ; Si(pi. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) li, 

p. 147, t. 6, f. 85 (1882). 
Cydnus picipes, Hahn, TVanz. i, p. 165, f. 85 (1831). 
Cydnus Havicornis, IVo/f, Ic. p. 66, f. 63 (1801). 
^Ethus uigropiceus, Scott, A. M. N. H. (4) xiv, p. 294(1874). 

Pitchy black, shining ; anterior margin of the head and lateral 
margins of the pronotum with long castaneous hairs ; head with 
the anterior margin slightly concave in the middle and with four 
fovese, one placed at the inner margin of each eye and one on 
either side of the apex of the central lobe ; antennae piceous, apex 
of the terminal joint pale brown ; eyes reddish or bro\\nish-red ; 
rostrum piceous ; pronotum shining ; anterior margin ■\^•ith four 
foveje, placed two on either side, between the two inner are a few 
punctures in a curved line, lateral and posterior margins rather 
broadly but finely punctured, across the disk are four somewhat 
obscure fovea^, the two exterior most pronounced, apex depressed ; 
scutellum coarsely punctate ; corium much more finely punctate; 
membrane pale fuscous ; legs more or less castaneous, the tarsi 
ochi-aceovis. 

Length 4 to 5 millim. 

Hah. Burma: Rangoon, Mandalay, Karennee (Fea). — Also 
found in Eastern Europe, Cochin China, China, and Japan. 

160. Cydnus indicus, ll'e.stir. in Mope Cat.\,\).19 (1837); Dist. A. 

M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 221 (1899) ; Ball. (.Ethus) List Hem. \, 

p. 114. 5 (1851): Siqn. (yEthus) Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ii, 

p. 28, t. i, f. 69 (1882) ; Atk. (^thus) /. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 47 
(1887). 



CYDNUS. 



91 



.Ethus perosus, StSl, Of v. Tet.-Ak. JbWi. 1853, p. 214. i>. 

-Ethus impressicollis, Si(in. Ann. 8oc. Ent. Fr. (3) viii, p. 923 

(1860). 
.Etlnis ferus, Walk. Cat. Hct. i, p. 1()3. 91 (1867). 

Oval or ovate, black-piceous ; head somewhat obtusely rountled, 

somewhat coarsely punc- 
tate, the base and central 
lobe almost levigate, lateral 
margins reflexed, remotely 
pilose ; antennse brownish, 
last three joints a little 
incrassated, second a little 
shorter than the third ; 
pronotum convex in the c? , 
with a transverse impres- 
sion before the middle, 
distinctly and some\^hat 
densely punctate, the base 
and transverse space be- 
fore the middle levigate, 
lateral margins pilose ; scutellum somewhat coarsely punctate, the 
apex and basal angles more or less impunctate ; coriura finely and 
thickly punctate ; membrane pale fuliginous. 
Length 5| to 7 millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith). Burma; Teinzo (Fm). — Widely dis- 
tributed, being found throughout Southern Africa and Madagascar ; 
also generally in the Malay Archipelago and Australia. 




CydnuH 



101. Cydnus ceylonicus, Mayr, Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xvi, p. 362 
(1866) ; id. Reise Nov. Hem. p. 9 (1866) ; Sign. (.Ethtis) Ann. 
Soc. Ent. Fr. (G) ii, p. 30, pi. i, f. 71 (1882) ,• Leth. 4- Sec (part.) 
Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 65 (1893). 

Black, shining ; rostrum and antennae brownish, apical joint 
of antennae brownish-ochraceous ; posterior margin of the pro- 
notum and the corium brownish-ochraceous ; clavus and poste- 
rior claval margin dark castaneous ; membrane pale hyaline, the 
veins slightly infuscated ; central lobe of the head as long as the 
lateral lobes ; second joint of the antennfe a little longer than 
the third. 

As Signoret remarks, this species might be easily confounded 
^A"ith Macroscytus hadius or M. snbaeneus, Dall., but can be dis- 
tinguished by its greater convexity, by the absence of spines to 
the posterior femora, and by the structure of the odoriferous 
aperture. 

Length 6 to 65 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Elephant Pass (£". E. Green). — Also recorded 
from Java. 



92 rENTATOMID.i:. 

102. Cydnus nigroaeneus, JJ'alk. (^-Etlms) Caf.. Het. i, ix l'->S. 71 

(1867). 
Cvdiuis eevlonicus, Let/i. S,- Scv. (part.) Cat. Gen. Henu t. i, p. 65 
(1893). 

Black, shilling. " Head largely piinctureil towards the border, 
about one-third of the breadth of the thorax ; eyes red ; rostrum 
piceous ; antennae piceous, one-third of the length of the body, 
joints successively increasing in length ; thorax thickly punctured 
behind two slight transverse fnrrows,of which one is near the free 
border and the other in the middle. .Scutelhun rather thickly 
punctured ; legs rather long and slender ; i'emora slightly setose ; 
tibiae with rather slender spines ; fore wings (corium) minutely 
punctured, with two striae near the costa and with three near the 
hind border ; membrane cinereous." {WaR-er.) 

Length 10 niillim. 

Hah. Ceylon (Cnmminr/ tj- Green). 

163. Cydnus borrei, Si//n. (.^^Ithus) Ann. Soc E7it. Fr. (6) ii, p. ■•12, 

t. 2, f. 73 (1882) ; Lflfh. S>- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 65 (1893). 

Differing from C. incUcus, Westw., by its much broader and 
almost smooth head, and by the median lobe being very narrow 
anteriorly and as long as the lateral lobes, which almost enclose it. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hab. 8ylhet. 

I(i4. Cydnus varians, Fabr. Syst. W>yng. p. 187 (1803); Si(/n. Ann. 
^oc. Eat. Fr. (6) ii, p. 155, t. 6, f. 92 (1882) ; Stdl (^Ethus), 
Hem. Fabr. i, p. 6 (1868). 
-Ethus cyrtomenoides, Dohrn, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 400 (I860). 

This species is described by 8tfd, who examined the types of 
Fabricius, as in form allied to C. inJicus, Westw., from which it 
differs by its smaller size, its more obtuse head, which anteriorly 
is very remotely and obsoletely punctate, median lobe slightly 
narrowed forvvardly, antennae much shorter, ocelli situate nearer 
to the eyes, pronotum more narrowed anteriorly, punctuation on 
pronotum, scutellum, and corium finer, anterior tibiae with fewer 
spines but apparently longer, and the abdomen remotely, obso- 
letely finely punctate. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hab. Bengal. Bombay (LeitJi). Ceylon. Burma; Mandalay, 
Teuasserim. 

16"). Cydnus maurus, Ball. (.Ethus) Li'.sf Hem. i, p. 118 (1851); 
Leth. Sf- Seo. Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 67 (1893). 

Black, somewhat shining, very thickly and finely punctured. 
Head as long as broad, with the anterior margin semicircular, very 
faintly notched at the tip, lateral lobes not passing the central. 
Ocelli not very large, red. Thorax w ith a faint punctured trans- 



CYDNUS. 93 

verse furrow about the middle, the anterior aud lateral margins, 
and the portion of the disk behind the transverse furrow, very 
thickly and finely punctured. Sc-utellum rather elongate, very 
thickly and finely punctured. Coriun) pitchy-chestiuit, fiuelv and 
rather thickly punctured, the punctures closer on the line of the 
nervures, the neighbourhood of which is darker than the rest of 
the surface ; membrane brownish, transparent. Abdomen very 
thickly and finely punctured on the sides, the centre of the disk 
smootii, shining, impunctate ; the posterior margins of the segments 
very minutely denticulated. Legs pitchy black, with the tarsi 
ferruginous. Rostrum ferruginous. Antennae ferruginous-brown. 

Length 6^ millim. 

Hah. " India " (Eanlwicl-e Coll., Brit. 3his.). Ceylon ; Pera- 
deniya (Green). 

The above description is largely that of Dallas, and relates to 
the type, now in somewhat bad condition. 

1()G. Cydnus perpimctatus, Sirpi. (.Ethus P) Ami. Mus. Civ. Gmov. 
xvi, p. (>U (18S1); id. (/Ethus) Ami. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ii, p. 34 
t. 2, f. 75 (1882). 

Black ; broadly oval, much punctured over its entire surface, 
much ciliated on the head and pronotum ; two le\igate spaces on 
the anterior disk of the pronotum and at the basal angles of the 
scutellum, the last with a median carinate line. 

A species to be easily recognized from any other here enumerated 
by its abundant punctuation. 

Length (5 millim. 

Hah. Bombay Pi'esidency; Khandala {Genoa Mus.). Burma; 
Schwego-Myo, Palou (Fea). 



Species imhnoivn to the writer by either sjjecimen or Jigure. 

167. Cydnus bengalensis, Leth. Bull. Soc Ent. Belg. 1891, p. cxlii. 

" Ovate, black, profoundly and thickly punctate ; head anteriorly 
spinuliferous ; lateral margins of the pronotum furnished with 
numerous long reddish cilia : rostrum, antenna', and legs brownish, 
tarsi ochraceous."' 

Stated to resemble CJlavicomis, Pabr., from which it diifers by 
the denser and more coarse punctuation of the pronotum aud 
scutellum. 

"• Length 4 millim." 

Hah. Bengal : " Tetara." 

168. Cydnus? SCUtellatus, Buhm (.Ethus), Stett. ent. Zcit. xxi, 

p. 400. 10 (1800) ; Let/i. ^- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 68 (1893). 

" Black, shining, punctured ; head and thorax with their margins 
reflexed and pilose ; their surface convex, sparingly punctate. 



04 



PENTATOMID.E. 



laterally some\\hat obliquely impressed ; scutellum with the 
margins linearly punctate, the disk scarcely punctate ; corium 
densely punctate ; membrane fuscous ; abdomen beneath shining, 
laterally punctate ; rostrum, anteimse, and tarsi fulvous." 

" Length 7 millim.'" 

Hah. Ceylon. 

Genus GAMPSOTES. 

Gampsotes, Sign. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (1881) p. xxix ; id. Ann. >'Sur. 
Ent. Fr. (6) ii, p. 243 (1882). 

Type, G. paraUelus, Sign. 

Distrihuiion. India, Burma. 

This genus is to be recognized by the length of the rostrum, 
which readies the third abdominal segment, or is even longer ; 
the second jdint of the antennae is a little longer than the third, 
the third shorter than the fourth. These are the dimensions of 
the antennal joints as given by Signoret, but the second joint of 
the antennae can scarcel}'^ be regarded as longer than the third. 



1G9. Gampsotes parallelns, sif/n. Bull. Soc. iW. i^r. 1881, p. xxix; 
id. Ann. Soe. Ent. Fr. (G)'ii, p. 243, t. 8, f. 103 (1882) : At/:. 
J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 52 (1887). 

Two and a half times longer than broad, parallel, piceous ; 

antennae and the tarsi ferru- 
ginous. Kostrum very long, 
in some specimens reaching 
the third abdominal segment, 
in others reaching the pen- 
ultimate segment (this is a 
variable character, but is also 
somewhat dependent on the 
direction of the head) ; pro- 
notum strongly emarginate in 
front and punctate, except on 
anterior disk and posterior 
margin ; scutellum very long, 
rounded at the apex, strongly 
; corium very long. 





Fig. 47. — Gampsotes jx/rallelut:. 



punctate except at the basal angles 

Length 5| millim. 

Hah. Burma : Touugoo, Schwego-Myo, llangoon, Palon, Katha 
(Fea). 

Genus MACROSCYTUS. 

^lacroscytus, Fieber, Eur. Hem. pp. S3. 3H2 (]8()1) ; Stdl, Hem. Afr. 
i, pp. 10, 23 (1864) ; Si<in. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (0) ii, p. -iOo 

(1882). 

Type, M. brunneus, Eabr. 

Distribution. Palfearctic, Ethiopian, and Oriental Eegions. 

Among the genera of this fauna Macrosci/tas is to be recognized 



MACROSOYTUS. 95 

by the large scutellum, and especially by the presence o£ a spine 
at the apex of the posterior femora. These are the characters 
relied upon by Signoret. Stal allies the genus to ^EtJnis, Dall. = 
Cijdiius, Fabr., but separates it by the characters of having the 
body very remotely ciliated and the absence of small spines to the 
margin of the head. 

170. Macroscytus brunneus, labr. (Cydnus) Syst. lihpKj. p. 18-5 
1803); Fleb. (part.) Eur. Hem. p. 362 (1861); Sirjn. (part.) 
Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ii, p. 477, pi. 14, f. 136 (1882) : Afk. 
(part.) J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 54 (1887). 

Cydnus .spinipes, Fabr. loc. cit. p. 186. 

Cydnus proxiuius, Ramb. Faun. A?idal. p. 112 (1839). 

.'Ethus opacus, Stal, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1853, p. 214. 3 ; Stdl 
(Macroscytus), Hem. Afr. i, p. 26. 6 (1864). 

Oval ; of a more or less deep brown ; the varieties hrunneus and 
opacus black, and spinijies more or less tiuely punctured ; eorium 
sometimes glossy ; rostrum, base of antennae, and the tarsi 
ochraceous. Head rounded in front, central lobe as long as the 
lateral lobes, which have 5 or 6 hairs along the margin ; vertex 
scarcely carinate ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; first 
and second joints of the antennas ochraceous, the third shorter 
than the second ; pronotum convex in front, transversely flattened, 
without an impression ; scutellum reaching three-fourths the length 
of the abdomen, finely punctured on the disk ; eorium almost flat, 
finely punctate ; membrane hyaline, veins infuseated : tarsi yellow, 
all the femora spinose beneath, posterior femora with two stout 
spines at apex. 

Lengrli 8 raillira. 

Hah. India. Ceylon {Sl(/noret). Burma : Karenuee (Fea). — 
A well-knowa European species ; also found in Africa, and 
i-ecorded from China. 



171. Macroscytus badius, JValk. (.Ethus) Cat. Het. i, p. 159. 73 
(1867) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 222 (1899). 
Macroscytus brunneus, Skpi. (part.) Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ii, 
p. 477, t. 14, f. 136 (1882); Afk. (part.) /. A. <S'. i?. Ivi. p. 54 
(1887). 

" Tawny, elliptical, shining, slightly convex. Sides of the head 
and thorax with stout bristles. Head with oblique striae on each 
side, a little less than half the breadth of the thorax. Antennic 
about one -third of the breadth of the head ; joints successively 
increasing in length. Thorax thinly and minutely punctured ; a 
transverse middle furrow barely indicated. Scutellum thinly 
punctured. Legs thick ; tibiae with stout spines. Fore wings 
minutely punctured, with three striae near the costa, and with 
three near the hind border ; membrane pale cinereous." ( Walh'r.) 

M. badius, Walk., was placed by Signoret as a synonym of 
the preceding species {M. brunneus, Fabr.), but it differs from the 



96 



PEKTATOMID.D. 



species of Fabricius by its iiniforml}' paler and ochraceous colora- 
tion, and structurally by being sborter and broader. 

Length to 7 millirn. 

Hah. "India" {Brit. Mus.). Cejion (Thiuaites). — Also found 
in Mr. Fortune's collection from North China. 

172. Macroscytus transversus, Bunn. (Cvdnus) iVb«. Act. Acad. 
Leop. xvi, HuppJ. i, p. 21)1, t. 41, f. 4 (1834) ; Walk. (Acatalectus) 
Vai. Ret. i, p. 164. 2 (1807) ; Stal, En. Hem. x, p. 19. 1 (1876) ; 
Sif/n. Ami. >%c. But. Fi: (6) ii, p. 470, t. 14, f. 13o (1882) ; 
Leth. 6;- »SW\ (Adrisa) Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 63 (1893). 

Ovate, elongate : of a deep blackish-brown, with the rostrum, 
the antennae (more or less), and the tarsi ochraceous. In mature 
specimens the posterior margin of the pronotum and the lateral 
margin of the corium are brownish-ochraceous. Allied to the 
following species (J/, suhaihieui^)., but a much broader insect. 

Length 7 to 10 ; max. breadth 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (Thwaltes, Gveen). — Also received from Celebes, 
the Philippines, and New Guinea ; I possess a specimen from 
Formosa. 



173. Macroscytus subaeneus, Dull. (/Ethus) List Hem. i, p. 116. 

]1 (l8ol); Leth. .y Sev. (Cvdnus) Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 68 (1893) ; 

Ltist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 222 (1899). 
INIacroscytus javanus, Mayr, Verh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, 1866, p. 361 ; 

Leth. ^- Sev. t. c. p. 71 (1893). 
.Ethus ffiqualis, WalA: Cat. Het. i, p. lo9. 72 (1867). 
^Etlius indicus, Vull. Faun. hul. Neevl. i, p. 17 (1868). 
Macroscytus japoneiisis, Scott, A. M. A. H. (4) xiv, p. 294 (1874). 

'• Head black, impimctate, \\ ith the anterior margin entire, the 
central lobe as long as the lateral ; ocelli red ; pronotum brassy- 
black, shining, with the posterior margin dull chestnut, the 

lateral margins, the pos- 
terior portions of the 
disk, and the centre of 
the anterior margin finely 
and rather thickly punc- 
tured. Scutellum elongate, 
black, slightly shining, 
with a few scattered fine 
punctures. Coriaceous por- 
tion of the elytra pitchy- 
brown, thickly and finely 
punctured, the punctures 
larger at the base ; mem- 
brane brownish, darker at 
the base, semitransparent 
at the margin. Abdomen 
beneath brassy-black, with 
the disk \ery snooth and shining, the sides wrinkled ; the postt;rior 




Fig. 48. — Macrosciifus sii/iac/ieiis. 



MACROSCtTTTS. 97 

margin of the segments very finely denticulated towards the sides, 
smooth across the disk. Sternum black, shining, slightly brassy, 
with a few punctures on the prosternum and with a large, opaque 
wrinkled patch occupying the greater part of each side of meso- and 
metasterna ; legs black ; tarsi castaneous ; rostrum piceous ; 
antennte brown, with the second joint reddish." {Dallas.) 

Length 8 to 9| millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Ld/>70, Deccan(Z)rty). Burma: Karennee, Katha, 
Schwego-Myo, Palon {Fea). Tenasserim : Thagata, Kawkareet 
(Fea). — Widely distributed throughout the ^lalay Archipelago and 
found in Japan. 

174. Macroscytus expansus, Siyn. Ann. Soc Ent. Fr. (6) ii, p. 479, 

t. 14, f. 138 (1882). 

Described as dift'ering from the preceding species {M. suhaeneus) 
by the more ciliated margin of the head and by having the third 
joint of the antennae shorter than the second. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Co/?. Z>/si.). Bombay; Deccan (Day). 

The type is stated by Signoret to be in my own collection, and was 
evidently founded on a specimen I sent my old and valued friend 
when he was working out the family. It is probably still in his 
collection now contained in the Vienna Museum. 

175. Macroscytus foveolus, Dall. (.Etlms) List He^n.'i,^. 113 (18-51); 

Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ii, p. 472, t. 13, f. 131 (1882). 

" Head rather small, with the anterior margin rounded, entire, 
the lateral lobes not meeting beyond the central ; pitchy-broA^n, 
with the margins paler and fringed with fine bristles. Ocelli very 
large, red. Thorax pitchy-brown, with the posterior margin 
chestnut ; anterior margin with a faint, finely punctured, transverse 
fovea ; lateral margins finely and thickly punctured, and fringed 
with long, stout bristles ; posterior portion of the disk finely 
and sparingly punctured. Scutellum pitchy-brown at the base, 
becoming chestnut-brown towards the apex, rather strongly but 
sparingly punctured ; the tip with a distinct fovea. Coriaceous 
portion of the elytra bright chestnut-brown, thickly and finely 
punctured ; membrane brownish, semitransparent. Abdomen 
beneath pitchy, very smooth, shining, with the disk impunctate, 
the sides thickly and finely punctured. Breast pitchy, thickly and 
finely punctured. Anterior legs pitchy-red ; four posterior pitchy, 
with the coxae reddish ; all the tarsi fei'ruginous. Hostrum pitchy- 
red, with the apex pitchy. Antennae ferruginous, dusky towards 
the base." {Dallas.) 

Length 8.| to 11 millim. 

Hah. North lxi(li\2i{Uarchvicl:e). Sikhim ; Mungphu (J.;Hnso/i).— 
A species to be recognized by the foveate pronotum. 

VOL. I. 1 H 



98 



PENTATOMIDiE. 



Genus GEOTOMUS. 

Geotomus, Muls. 8)- Rey, Pun. France, Pent. p. 34 (1860) ; Sign. Ann. 
Soc. Enf. Fr. (6) iii, "p. 33 (1883) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 55 (1887). 

Type, G. imnctulatus, Costa. A Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Universal. 

According to Signoret, Geotomus diifers from Ci/dnus by the 
absence of small spines to the head. It is to be separated from 
Garavsotes by the shorter rostrum, which does not extend beyond 
the intermediate coxje ; the absence of the tumidity on the Lateral 
angles of the disk of the pronotum which conceal the real angles 
as in Macrosci/tus, and the posterior femora being spinose at the 
apex, also give sulHcient characters for distinguishing it. The 
odoriferous apertures are also structurally diverse. 

176. Geotomus pygmseus, JJuIl. (.Ethus) List Hem. i, p. 120 (1851) - 

Sii/n. Ann. Soc. Enf. Fr. ((?) iii, p. 5J, t. 3, f. 160 (1883). 
Cvdnusrarociliatus, JE'//<°«r. Nat. Pijdschr. Nederl. Ind x.xiv, p. 139, 

f. 7 (1862). 
Cvdinis paUidicornis, Voll. Faun. Ind. Neerl., Pent. p. 17 (1868). 
^thiis palliditarsus, Scutt, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1880, p. .309. 
Geotomus snbtristis & picuudus, Bucli. White, A. M. N. II. (4) xx, 

pp. 110,111 (1877). ' 
^thus iianulus i^r platvsomoides, Walk. Cat. Het. i, pp. 162, 163, 

un. 83 c<t 92 (18(J7). - 
^thus omierou, Walk. op. cit. iii, p. 5-34 (1868), 

"Elongate-ovate, black, shining. Head with the lateral lobes 

sparingly punctured. Ocelli 
red. Thorax smooth, some- 
what quadrate, transverse, 
with a short line of fine 
punctures close to the middle 
of the anterior margin, a line 
of similar punctures across 
the disk behind the middle, 
and a few scattered punctures 
on the sides. IScutellum loug, 
rather thickly and finely 
punctured, with the base 
impunctate. Coriaceous por- 
tion of the elytra pitchy, very 
thickly and finely punctured, 

the punctures larger along the nervures ; membrane whitish. 

Body_ beneath black; abdomen thickly and finely punctured on 

the sides ; the disk smooth. Legs pitchy ; tarsi pale orange. 

Antenna) pale brown, with the tips of the fourth and fifth joints 

paler or testaceous." (Dallas.) 
Length 8^ to 4| millim. 
Hah. Bombay (Leiih). Ceylon (Leiris^. Burma; Bhamo, 

Toungoo, Eangoon, Mandalay. Karennee, Katha, Teinzo (Fea).— 

Generally distributed throughout the Malayan Archipelago, 




Fig. 49. — Geotomus fygmcEus. 



TROMUNDUS. 99 

found in China and Japan, and recorded from New Caledonia 
and Hawaii. 

177. Geotomus apicalis, Dall. (.Etlnis) List Hem. 1, ^^. 120 (I80I) ; 

Bl'it. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 222 (1899). 

Allied to G. pyiima'us, Dall., but narrower and more elongate ; 
central lobe of the head slightly larger than the lateral lobes ; 
antenna) pitchy-brown, with the apex of the thii-d joint, the 
apical half of the fourth, and the whole of the fifth joint 
ochraceous. 

Length 41 millim. 

Hah. iVorth India (5o;/(?). Ce3dou ; Peradeniya (G^re^n). 

178. Geotomus abdominalis, Su/n. (Geotomus (Anolips)) Ann. Soc. 

Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. 219, t. 9,'f. 184 (1883). 

" Oval, elongate ; pitchy-brown, the coriuui paler in colour. Head 
rounded in front, the central lobe broader at middle than at apex, 
as long as the lateral lobes and having two hairs at the apex, the 
latei'al lobes with five hairs on the margins ; vertex finely punc- 
tured ; the second joint of the antennae longer than the third ; 
I'ostrnm i-eaching the intermediate coxae ; pronotiim strongly 
impressed in front behind the anterior indentation, finely 
punctate in that space and also on the transverse line and along 
the lateral margins ; the transverse groove, absent in the middle, 
is visible on the sides below the piliferous points ; lateral margins 
with fine hairs ; scutellum long, narrowly rounded at the apex, 
the disk finely punctate, basal angles smooth and very convex ; 
corium sparingly punctate ; membrane smoky-hyaline, projecting 
beyond the abtlomen, which is smooth in the middle, strongly 
punctate on the sides." (Sign.) 
Length 3k millim. 
Ilah. "Lidia".* 

Genus FROMUNDUS. 

Fromuudus, Dlst. Ti: E. S. 1901, p. .582. 

Type, F. opacus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Ceylon. 

Body somewhat short and broad, above opaque. Head 

* Geotomus EL0NGATUS,^c;-r.-5e/«(#.(Cydnus) JraM^-./?*s.v, p.97, t. 177, f. 546 

(1839) ; Muls. S,-Eey, Pun. France, Pent. ii. p. 35. 38 (1866); Sign. Ann. 

Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. 212, t. .5, f. 176 (1883). 
Cydnu3 oblongiis, Bamb, Faun. Ent. Andal. ii, p. 115(1839) ; Bvhrn (iEthus). 

Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 400. 15 (1860); Kirby (.Ethus) J. Linn. Soc, Zool 

sxiv, p. 80 (1891). 

Tbis species was included by Dohrn in bis list of tbe Heteroptera of Ceylon,, 
a course in wbicb be was followed by Kirby. Atkinson also gave the species 
in bis "Notes on Indian Rbynchota," probably on the same record. Up to the 
time of writing I have failed to find any corroboration of the statement that 
the species forms part of this fauna. 

h2 



100 



PENTVTOMID.E. 



moderately exserted, the eyes prominent and not resting on the 
anterior margin of the pronotum, lateral margins rounded, anterior 
margin broad, subtruncate, central lobe as long as the lateral lobes, 
the margins with about twelve long hairs ; antennse five-jointed, 
first and second joints shortest, most slender, and subequal in 
length ; third, fourth, and fifth joints incrassated, fifth longest ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxfe, second joint reaching the 
anterior coxae ; pronotnm broader than long, anterior margin 
concavely excavated for the insertion of the head, the anterior 
angles broadly prominent, extending beyond the outer margins of 
eyes, lateral margins slightly obliquely rounded and furnished 
with some scattered long hairs ; scutellum longer than broad, 
reaching to about two-thirds the length of the abdomen, lateral 
margins slightly convex and narrowed to apex ; coriuni about 
two thirds the length of the abdomen, outer margin moderately 
dilated and convex, much broader than abdomen, posterior margin 
slightly sinuate ; membrane short ; anterior tibiae moderately 
dilated, with five or six spines on their outer margin and with t^^■o 
apical spines ; intermediate and posterior tibiae longly spinous 
on both sides. 

179. Fromundus opacus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 583. 

Dull dark castaneous, very closely and thickly punctate, the 

lateral margins of the 
corium paler in hue ; an- 
tennae and rostrum ochra- 
ceous ; sternum and legs 
castaneous; abdomen piceous, 
shining ; membrane pale 
hyaline. Pronotum with two 
obscure dull discal patches ; 
scutellum with a levigate spot 
near each basal angle ; the 
upper surface very thickly 
and somewhat coarsely punc- 
tate ; abdomen beneath finely 
punctate. 




Fig. 50. — Fromundus 



opuru.< 



Length 4 ; max. breadth 3 millim. 
Hah. Ceylon (Green). 



Genus BRACHYPELTA. 

Brachvpelta, A7Jii/. S,- Serv.Hem, p. 89 (1843) ; Slqn. Ann. Soc. Ent. 

Fr.\i5) iii. p. --lol (1883). 
Cydnus, Boll. Lid Hem. i, p. 110 (1851). 

Type., B. aterrima, Forst. 

Distribution, Palaearctic, Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australian 
Regions. 

Brachypelta is distinguished from all the preceding genera by 
the form of the scutellum, which is short, triangular, with the 



HELKNIUS. 



ioi 



basal longer thau the lateral margius : the apical margiu of the 
corium is bisinuated ; the median lobe of the head shorter than 
the lateral lobes which meet in front of it, their margins without 
.spines. 

ISO. Brachypelta aterrima. Foist. (Ciinex) Nov. Sp. Ins. p. 71 (1771) ; 

Si)pi. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. 3o7, t. 9, f. 186 (1883) ; Atk. 

(Cydnu.s), /. A. S. B. hi, p. 50 (1887). 
Cimex niger, T>e Geer. Mem. iii, p. 269 (1773). 
Cimex tristis, Fahv. tSi/.^t. Ent. p. 716 (1775) ; id. (Cydnus) Sysf. 

Rhyng. p. 185 (1803) ; Am. ^- Sew. (Brachypelta) Hem. p. 90 

(1843). 
CVdnus earbonai'ius, Fourcr. Ent. Paris, p. 217. 72 (1785). 
Cydnus spinipes, Schranlx, En. Ins. Austr. p. 273 (1781). 

Oval, elongate, deep black, finely punctured ; base of vertex, 
anterior disk of pronotum, and basal angles of the scutellum 
smooth, the last a little elevated : body beneath levigate, the 
lateral areas more or less granulate or punctate ; femora with 




^>^ ^V^^ , .- X ilr^ 




Fig. 51. — Brachypelfa atcrriviia. 

several ro\^"s of spinous hairs ; anterior and intermediate femora 
with two apical spines ; anterior tibiae strongly amplified, the 
apical area having eleven sti'oiig spines on the external margin and 
four on the internal margiii and at the apex, several others on the 
anterior and posterior disk ; trochanter, rostrum, and antennae 
piceous. 

Length 10 to 13 niillim. 

Hah. N.W.P. : Hardwar {Atlcmson). Bombay {Coll. Dist.).— 
Common to the Paloearctic Kegion, abundant in North Africa. 
Queensland. 

Genus HEURNIUS. 
Heuniius, Dist. Ti\ E. S. 1901, p. 105. 

Type, H. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma, according to present knowledge. 
Body elojigate, apex of abdomen slightly attenuated, narrower 
than pronotum. Head truncate anteriorly, the lateral lobes 



102 



PElS'TATOMID.i:. 



reflexed and somewhat concave. Antennae live-jointed, the second 
joint either very small or only shorter than third. Pronotum 
broader than long, the lateral margins straight bnt con\exly 
rounded towards apical angles, posterior margin straight, anterior 
margin moderately conca\e. kScutellum small, triangular, about 
one-third the length of abdomen. Corium small, the apical 
margin concavely sinuate ; membrane large, a little more than 
half the length of abdomen. Anterior tibite dilated and spined 
at apices. 

181. Heurnius typicus, Dist. Tr. E. .s. 1901, y. 100. 

Black; posterior margin of the pronotum, the scutellum and 
the corium dark eastaneous ; antenure ochraceous ; membrane 
greyish ; legs eastaneous ; the tarsi ochraceous. Body above 
thickly and very coarsely punctate ; central lobe of head with the 
apical angles prominent. 

Length 4 millim. 

JETab. Burma; Karenuee, Ashwe Keba (i^e«). 

182. Heurnius erebus, Dist. Tr. K S. 1901, p. 106. 

Black, shining, antennae pale eastaneous ; legs dark eastaneous, 
tarsi ochraceous ; membrane pale greyish. Body above very thickly 




^^^ /J 





Fig. 52. — Hairnius crcbns. 

and coarsely punctate ; pronotum with a discal transvei'se im- 
pression. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hah. Burma; Eangoon, Palon (i'V,). 



Genus GARSAURIA. 

Garsanria. Wall: Cat. Het. iii, p. 5.3(*. (18GS) ; Dist. A.M. X. 11.(1) 

iv, p. 224 (1899). 
Microrlivnchus, Sign. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1882, p. Ixiii : Ann. Soc. 

Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. 524 (1883). 
Microrrhaiiiphus, lieryr. Eev. (VEntom. t. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, G. aradoides, Walk. 



CYDNOPELTUS. 



103 



Disfributloii. As fit present known, a single species ranges from 
Burma to New (xuinea. 

The principal distinguishing characters of this genus are the 
membrane much larger than the corium ; scutellum short, rounded 
at the apex ; second joint of the antenna3 minute and scarcely 
AJsible ; the apical margin of the corium not well defined, ]iot 
distinctl}' separated from the base of the membrane. 

Signoret's description of his previously described genus is the 
most correct. Walker altogether overlooked the short second 
joint of the antennae, which he described as four-jointed. 

1S3, Garsauria aradoides, WalJc. Cat. Het. iii, p. ooG (18G8) ; Dist. 
A. M. N. H.(7) iv, p. ±->4 (1899). 
Microrhviichus beccaiii, Si(/)i. Aim. Ent. Sue. Fr. (0) iii, p. oi^l, t. xv, 
f. 205 (1883). 

Black, somewhat shining ; apices of the third, fourth, and fifth 

joints of the antennae, mem- 
brane, and the tarsi pale 
brownish ; head, pronotum, scti- 
telhim, and corium somewhat 
thickly punctate ; pronotum 
with a very distinct transverse 
impression which does not reach 
the lateral margins, which with 
the anterior disk are somewhat 
gibbous; an oblique dull levi- 
gate spot near each basal angle 
of the scutellum. 
Length 10 millim. 

Hah, Burma ; Eangoou (Atlinson). Also received from Borneo 
and New Guinea. 




Fig. 53. — Garsauria aradoides 



Genus CYDNOPELTUS. 

Cydnopeltus, Sign. Bull. Soc. Ent.-Fr. 1881, p. xxviii ; Ann. Soc. 
^Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. 3-59 (1883). 

Type, C. JiorvatJii, Sign. A Javan species. 

Distribution. At present only recorded from Burma and Java. 

Differing from Bmcliypelta by the median lobe of the head not 
being enclosed by the lateral lobes ; by the equilateral scutellum, 
the concave anterior disk of the pronotum, &c. 



184. Cydnopeltus minutus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 105. 

Pale castaneous ; antenna? with the apices of the joints dis- 
tinctly paler ; head somewhat irregularly, coarsely and longi- 
tudinally carinate; pronotum depressed and levigate near anterior 
margin, where there is a distinct central longitudinal incision, 
remaining area sparingly punctate and with a transverse ceutral 
incision ; scutellum sparingly punctate and transversely wrinkled 



104 



PENTATOMID.I;. 



from beyond base, depressed near apex ; corium sparingly punc- 
tate, tbe internal area and lateral margin ocbraceous ; membrane 
pale ochraceous. 





Fig. 54. — Ci/dnopeUifs mimthtg. 

Length 3 millim. 

Bah. Burma ; Karennee, Ash we Keba {Feci). 

185. Cydnopeltus incisiis, List. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 105. 

Black, shining. Head with the lateral marginal areas thickly 
and coarsely punctate, the disk more sparsely punctate ; antennae 
dark castaueous, the apices of tlie joints somewhat paler ; pro- 
notum glabrous, with a deep straight discal transA'crse impression ; 
scutellum with a basal series of punctures, the lateral margins 
coarsely and linearly punctate for a little beyond base, the disk 
rugulose and with some scattered very deep punctures ; corium 
coarsely punctate excepting the inner apical area which is levi- 
gate ; membrane very pale brown. 

Length 6 ; breadth 4 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Teinzo {Fea), 



Genus CHILOCORIS. 

Chilocoris, Mayr, Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xiv, p. 907 (1864); Sifjn. 

Ami. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) iii. p. 517 (1883) ; AtJc. J. A. S. B. hi. 

p. 57 (1887). 
Amnestoides, Sinn. Bull. Soc. E7it. Fr. 1880, p. viii. 

Type, C. nitidus. Mayr. 

Distrihution. India, Java, Eastern Siberia. 

" Margin of bead Math erect spinules ; central lobe of the head as 
long as the lateral lobes ; eyes prominent ; ocelli distinct ; antennae 
five-jointed, second joint scarcely half as long as the third ; anterior 
and lateral margins of the pronotum elevated ; scutellum short, 
triangular, reaching the base of the fourth abdominal segment ; 
odoriferous orifice with a long furrow, with a rounded elevated 



CHILOC'ORIS. 



105 



lobe at the apex ; anterior tibi;e gradually broader towards the 
apex, exfernally spinosely pectinated ; tarsi inserted at the apex 
of the tibiae." (Mai/r.) 

186. Chilocoris nitidus, 3Ia>/r. TW/t. z.-b. Gcs. Wien, xiv. p. 907 
(18G4) ; Si<jn. Ann. Sue. Ent. Ft: («) iii, p. 518 (1883). 

" Shining, piceous-black ; posterior margin of the pronotiim, 
coi'iuui, antennae, rostrum, and legs pale castaneous ; head strongly. 





Fig. 55. — Chi/ocnn's nitidus. 

posterior area of pronotum and corium finely punctured ; scutellum 
somewhat coarsely punctate; membrane liyahne; abdomen levigate." 
{Maiir.) 

Length 5 millim.* 

Hah. Kashmir. — Also received from Japan [Lewis). 

187. Chilocoris piceus, Sirpi. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. oLS, pi. L"), 
f. 201 (1883). 
Oliilocoris nitidus, ULajr? 

Blackish-brown, paler in colour on the corium and on the lateral 
and posterior mai-gins of the pronotum. Head broad, eves verv 
stoiit, ocelli nearer to the e3'es than to the median line ; vertex 
with a longitudinal impression, median lobe broader in the middle 
than towards apex ; j^ronotum strongly margined in front with a 
longitudinal line and impressions, anterior disk le\ igate, transverse 
impressions very distinct with a line of dots, posterior disk weakly 
punctate ; scutellum blunt at the apex, sparingly punctate on disk, 
more so but more finely on lateral margins ; corium strongly punc- 
tate along the cubital veins, wdth two series of lines on the clavus, 
apical area finely punctate, almost levigate at base ; membrane 
ochraceous, hyaline ; meso- and metasterna opaque. 

Length 3^ millim. 

Hah, "India." 



* A specimen examined and returned to me by Signoret when writing his 
Monograph, as C. iiitidus, from which fig. 55 is taken, measures only 
3 millim. Mayr's type specimen is reported in bad condition. 



106 



PEXTATOMID-E. 



188. Chilocoris panunpunctatus, -%«. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6> iii, 
p. .3l'0, pi. lo, f. -jn-J (188.-}) : Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. o8 (1887). 

This species is distinguished by the serrated margins of the 
pronotum and of the base of the cerium, from the serration issue 
hairs, nine on the pi'onotum and six on the coriura. Pale casta- 
ueous, shining, w eakly punctured on the head ; median lobe much 
amplified in the middle, narrow at the apex and on the vertex, 
much broader tlian the lateral lobes ; pronotum strongly margined 
in front with 3-4 stout points ; scutellum rounded at the apex, 
sparingly and strongly punctate on disk, more densely punctate 
near margins ; corium almost levigate, densely punctate along the 
cubital suture, the clavus exhibiting a complete line along the suture 
and a half line near the scutellum ; a second line of punctures on 
the external radial vein and a strong impunctate line, not extending 
beyond the middle, on the internal radial vein ; membi\ane hyaline, 
extending beyond the abdomen, which is levigate ; meso- and 
metasterna opaque. 

Length 2^ millim. 

Hah. ^' India." 

Genus PELTOXYS. 

Peltoxvs, Si(/)i. Bull. Soc. Eut.Fr.l8S0, p. xxxiii ; id. Ann. Soc. 
EnLFi: (G) iii, p. b±2 (1883) ; Ath. J. A. S. B. Ivi, p. 59 (1887). 
Leguotus, Stcll {nee Schiodte), Hem. Fahr. p. 7 (1868). 

Type, P. brevipennis, Fabr. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Scutellum short, almost equilateral, apex acuminate ; membrane 
very large but not projecting beyond the abdomen ; rostrum short, 
scarcely extending beyond the anterior coxae ; intermediate femora 
ciliated and with four stout spines at the apex ; anterior tibiae a 
little dilated, the posterior tibite straight ; odoriferous aperture 
broad, long, with an opening of one half its size. 



189. Peltoxys brevipennis, Fabr. (Cimex) E)it. Si/st. Suppl. p. 536 
(1798) ; id. (Cydmis) S)/st- Bhpui. p. 187 (1803) : Walk, (.^tbus) 
Cat. Hef. i, p. 158 (1867) : StcV (Legnotus), Hem. Fahr. i, p. 8 
(1868) ; Sifin. Ann. Sac. Ent. Fr. (6) iii, p. 522, pi. 15, f. 203 
(1883) : Atk. J. A. <S'. B. Ivi, p. 59 (1887). 
Peltoxys pubesceus, Si(/n. Bid I. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1880, p. xxxiv. 

" Black, shining, above and beneath very densely and distinctly 
punctate ; first joint of the antennse and the rostrum piceous ; tarsi 
pale yellowish piceous ; central lobe of the head remotely punc- 
tured towards the base, impunctate towards the middle, transversely 
rugose ; pronotum at centre almost twice as long as the head, 
convex towards the margins, behind the middle and anteriorly 
transversely slightly depressed, somewhat convex before the 
middle ; clavus with two sei'ies of punctures ; corium in the 
interior part behind the middle with four rows of punctures. 



N IS HAD AN A. 



10/ 



towards the base and ou the exterior part sparsely punctured 
membrane fuscous." (Stdl.) 
Length 4^ millim. 




Fig. 56. — Peltoxys brevipennis. 
Hah. Tranquebar. — Aiso reported fi*om Saigon. 

Genus NISHADANA. 

Drupadia, Dist. A. M.N. H. (7) iv, p. 223 (1899), mm. in-aocc. 
Nishadana, Dist. loc. cit. p. 442, n. nom. 

Type, N. typica, Dist. 

Distribution. North India, Burma. 

Allied to Chilocofis, Mayr, but differing by the scutellum, which 
is broader, less angulated posteriorly, its apex broader and sub- 
acutely augulated. Corium a little shorter than the membrane. 
The body is relatively shorter and broader. 




Fig. 57. — Nishadana f//pica. 



190. Nishadana typica, Dist. (Drupadia) A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 223 

(1899). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath dark chocolate- 
brown. Corium very pale stramineous, with scattered coarse 



108 PENTATOMID.i:. 

darker punctures, and uitli a curved chocolate linear .streak on 
disk ; n)einbrane pale greyisli-liyaline ; antennse and legs reddish- 
brown. Pronotum and scutellum somewhat thickly and coarsely 
punctate. 

Length 3 millini. 

Hah. Bengal; Lohardaga (^f/. m*oH), Eanchi. Burma; Eangoon 
(Fca). 

Genus SEHIRUS, 

Seliu'us, ^«2y. l^- (Serr. l/cjn. f). 96 (1843) ; Sif/n.Am). Soc. Ent. Fr. 

(6) iv, p. 51 (1884). 
Legnotus, SchiikUe in Kiiiy., Nat. TuJsskr. ii, p. 404 (1849). 

Type, S. inorio, Linn. A Palsearctic species. 

JJistribution. Wide and general. 

Pronotum strongly furrowed, with the margins ridged : meso- 
sternum finely keeled ; metasternum not keeled : head with the 
lateral lobes generally completely surrounding the median lobe ; 
second joint of the antennae equal to or a little shorter than the 
third joint; tibiae strongly spined, 13 spines on the external 
margin above, 8 or 9 on the lower margin, 3 on the apex, 4 larger 
on the internal margin. 

191. Sehiriis orientalis, IJisf. Tr. F. S. 1901, p. 583. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, body beneath, and legs black; 

corium very dark castaneous, 
with two small discal ochra- 
ceous spots placed one above 
the other ; membrane hyaline, 
the venation brownish ; tarsi 
ochraceons ; antennae brownish, 
the apical joint palest. Head 
broad, strongly punctate; pro- 
notum strongly punctate, with 
a strong transverse central im- 
Fig. 58.-Seh> m m levtah. ^ pression, and with three longi- 

tudinal furrows on posterior 
half ; scutellum thickly punctate, lateral areas prominently grooved, 
a faint central carinate line, and the apex a little depressed ; corium 
coarsely punctate, the veins very prominent. 
Length 3 millim. 
Hah. Burma ; Karennee {Coll. Dist.). 




Atkinson in his " Notes on Indian Rhynchota " has included 
the genus 7'ritomer/as in the fauna. Por this I can find no corro- 
boration. He evidently followed Signoret wlio. in describing the 
distribution of T. bicolor, Linn, (now generally included in the 
genus Sehirus), wrote " Europe and Asia."' There is, however, 
no record of the species occurring in India or other parts of 
our region. 






_ aIzW'^--">^ 



5-' <r^/(S( /'■'- 






^^n. 



,-' ;. ,) A1 ^c ^- 

J 

/ 


£.'/4 Kit'- ^ >/^-7-»-- ^' / , 



^/ 



^ m ^.^.^ Mais, ^^r,/Ja^.^ ^^ 



PENTATOMIN.E. 109 



Subfamily V. PENTATOMIN^. 

Pentatomida, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 32 (1864) ; id. En. Hem. \, p. 28 
(1876), part. 

The Pentatominse agree with the remaining subfamihes of the 
Pentatomidae in having a somewhat common taeies, and are thus 
easily recognized. The fundamental structural characters of this 
subfamily are the following: — The primary and subtended veins 
of the hemelytra are generally found close together and more or 
less parallel to each other, but diverging at the apex ; hamiis 
usually absent ; scutellum variable in size. With the exception oT: 
the subfamily Tessaratomiuge the remaining Pentatomida^ have the 
spiracles of the basal ventral segment hidden by the posterior area 
of the metasternum, and excluding the Acanthosomalinse have the 
tarsi of three joints. In conjunction with the following subfamily 
(Asopinae) the rostrum is of variable length, but extending beyond 
the anterior coxae, the basal joint distinct and seldom shorter than 
the bucculae. 

The rostrum in the Pentatominae is slender, more or less remote 
from the labrum, which is inserted belo\\' the apex of the central 
lobe to the head ; bucculte parallel, not united posteriorly. 

In the divisional arrangements of genera, I have in some cases 
differed from the views of Stal, which have hitherto been generally 
followed. 

Division HALYAlilA. 

This division corresponds to Dallas's family Halydida? (List 
Hem. i, p. 150, 1851). 

Abdomen beneath with a more or less distinct longitudinal 
sulcation ; head long ; rostrum extending beyond the posterior 
coxae ; antennae of from three to five joints, remote from the eyes ; 
third joint of the rostrum much longer than the fourth ; eyes yery 
prominent. 

Si/nopsis of Genera. 

A. Anterior and posterior tibiae dilated Erthesina, p. 117. 

B. Posterior tihitB simple, anterior tibiae some- 

times dilated. 
a. Central lobe of head usually as long as 
hiteral lobes or longer. 

a. Head elongated, tapering in front. 

a'. Head longer than the prouotum . . Halys, p. 119. 
b'. Head about same length as pro- 
uotum ^GiEUS, p. 120. 

b. Head rounded or truncated at the apex. 
a . Lateral margins of head tootlied 

near apex '..... Dali'ada, p. 109. 



110 rEXTATOMID.E. 

b'. Lateral margins of head unarmed. 
«-. Rostrum slightly passing the 

posterior cox8& Nevisanus, p. 122. 

b'-. Iiostrum reaching the third 

abdominal segment Asyla, p. 123. 

b. Lateral lobes of the head longer than 
the central lobe. 

a. Basal joint of antenna? not reaching 

apex of head. 

a . Veins of membrane simple Apodiphus, p. 115. 

b' . Veins of membrane reticulated .. Orthoschizops, p. 124. 

b. Basal joint of antenuje reaching apex 

of head Surenus, p. 110. 

Genus DALPADA. 

Dalpada, Aimj. ^- Sen: Hem. p. 105 (1843). 
Udana, Walk. Cat. liet. iii, p. 549 (1868). 

Type, B. aspersa., Amy. & Sen^ A Malayan species. 

Distrihvtion. Madagascar, India, and througliout the Malayan 
Archipelago. 

Body oval or ovate ; head very slightly convex, lateral lobes 
more or less distinctly sinuate at their apices, outwardly or obliquely 
truncated ; bucculae reaching the base of the head, angulated 
anteriorly ; antennae five-jointed, slender, the first joint not or 
Aery shghtly extending beyond the apices of tlie lateral lobes ; 
eyes globose, prominent ; ocelli in a line with the base of the eyes ; 
rostrum extending beyond the posterior coxa) ; anterior lateral 
margins of the pronotum crenulated ; membrane with about six 
simple longitudinal veins ; mesosternum carinated ; abdomen 
moderately sulcated on basal area ; tibiae furrowed, anterior tibi» 
sometimes dilated. 

A. Anterior tibire prominently dilated. 

192. Dalpada OCulata, Fabr. (Cimex > .Si/st. Erit. p. 703 (1775) ; Dull. 

List Hem. i, p. 184 ( 1851). 
Dalpada aspera, Ellenr. Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. xxiv, p. 140. 

f. 8 (1862). 
Dalpada nodifera ^c indeterminata, Walk. Cut. Het. i, pp. 222, 225. 

15,19 (1867). 

Ochraceous, prominently marked and mottled with dark 
olivaceous-green, scufellum with the bas:il angles and apex broadly 
pale levigate ochraceous ; head dark greenish, \\ith a basal central 
fascia, two discal anterior fasciae, and some spots near eyes 
ochraceous : antennte brownish, streaks to basal joint and bases 
of fourth and fifth joints ochraceous ; pronotum with obscurely 
defined submarginal and oblique discal fascia? and the lateral angles 
dark gi'eenish, the last with an apical pale ochraceous spot ; con- 
nexivum alternately dark green and ochraceous ; membrane pale 
smoky grey, with the veins darker ; body beneath and legs 



UALPADA. 



Ill 



ochraceous ; lateral margins ot" head, sternum, and abdomen, apices 
ot" femora, bases and apices of tibite, apical joints of tarsi, centre of 
mesosternum, and >ubapical spot and anal appendage to abdomen 
verr dark greenish or black : abdominal marginal fascia with large 




f ^ 

Fig. 59. — Balpada oculata. 

outer and small inner ochraceous spots. Head, pronotum, and 
scutellum coarsely punctate, the corium more sparsely and finely 
punctate ; lateral pronotal angles in^vardly broadly distinctly 
furrowed. Eostrum just passing the posterior coxa?. 

Length 15 to IS : breadth between pronotal angles S to 9 millim. 

Huh. Sikhiin. Khasi Hills {ChenneJl), Margherita {Ind. Mus.). 
Calcutta. Burma: Bhamo, Ivarennee, Minhla, Palon. Teuasserim: 
Malewoon, Myitta. — Also common in the Malay Peninsula. 

"Worn specimens of this species have the distinctive dark green 
markings absent or very obsolete. 

One of these discoloured specimens fi'om Assam apparently 
deceived Mr. Atkinson, who (J. A. S. B. 1SS8, p. 1) identified it as 
D. triinaculata, Westw., and included that species in the Indian 
fauna. I possess an Assam specimen sent to me by Mr. Atkinson 
which has a strong superficial resemblance to Westwood's species, 
but is structurally distinct, D. tnuiacnlata is apparently confined 
to the Malay Archipelago. 



B. Anterior tibice not prominently dilated, 
a. Pronotal angles more or less nodulose and inivardhj furrowed. 

193. Dalpada nigricollis, Westu-. (Halvs) in Hope Cat. Hem. i. p. 22 
(lb.37) ; Dall. List Hem. i, p. 184 (1851). 
Halys obscm-a, Westic. loc. cit. 

G-reyish luteous, very thickly punctured with brassy black : 
pronotum sometimes with a slender disc-al median line, in front of 



112 PENTATOMID.'E. 

which are four minute ochraceous spots in a transverse series ; 
anterior lateral margins of the pronotum moderately serrate, 
posterior angles prominent, very slightly recurved, inwardly with 
two furrows ; scutellum with the basal angular margins ochraceous; 
membrane pale fuliginous, the veins much darker and with a series 
of irregular subapical fuscous spots ; body beneath dark ochraceous, 
the lateral areas darkly punctate, longitudinal disk of abdomen 
reddish and inipunctate ; antenna? fuscous, base of fourth and fifth 
joints ochraceous ; rostrum reaching the third abdominal segment. 

Length 15 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Punjab; ISrinagar and Jhelum {Coll. Bist.). Nepal. 
Bengal. — In my own collection is a large series from West China. 

194. Dalpada affinis, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 185 (1851), 

Closely allied to D. nigricollis, but paler in hue ; head larger : 
lateral angles of the pronotum shorter, more tuberculous, and more 
or less ochraceous at their apices ; abdomen beneath less punctate, 
the discal impunctate area larger and paler. 

Length 17 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Lid. Mus.). Upper Tenasserim {Coll. Dist.). 

195. Dalpada jugatoria, Leth. Ann. Soc.Ent. Belg., Bull. 1891, p. cxlii. 

Body above ochraceous, thickly, coarsely, and darkly punctate ; 
apical fourth of scutellum luteous, indistinctly and sometimes 
distinctly punctate ; lateral angles of the pronotum olivaceous 
crreen \vith an ochraceous apical spot, connexivum alternately 
greenish and ochraceous; membrane pale fuliginous, the veins 
darker, and with a series of fuliginous apical spots : body beneath 
a little paler than above, the punctures confined to the lateral 
areas, the lateral margins of the head, sternum, and abdomen 
shining metallic green ; legs ochraceous, more or less finely spotted 
with fuscous ; antennae ochraceous, fourth and fifth joints and the 
apex of third joint fuscous, bases of fourth and fifth joints luteous. 

Antenme with the third joint slightly shorter than the second, 
fourth, or fifth joints ; lateral lobes of the head distinctly longer 
than the central lobe ; lateral pronotal angles prominent, sub- 
nodulose, inwardly with two distinct grooves; rostrum very shghtly. 
passing the posterior coxaj. 

Leno-th 13 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 8 millim. 

Hah. yikhim; Kuvaeong {Leth.) ; Khtisi Hills {Chennell) ; X:iga 
Hills {DoherUi). Burma ; Karennee {Fea). 

196. Dalpada varia. Ball. List Hem. i, p. 185 (1851). 
Dalpada apicifera, Walk. Cat. Ht. i, p. 222. 14 (1867). 

Ochraceous, coarsely punctate, much shaded with bright metallic 
"reen, the careen most prominent on the lateral margins and the 
■discal fasciiB on the head, pronotuui, and scutellum ; on the corium 



DALPADA. 113 

the greea is more macular and more obscure, and there are also 
distinct purplish suffusions ; connexivuui spotted with bright 
shining green ; membrane fuliginous, the veins a little darker : 
body beneath ochraceous ; lateral margins of head, sternum, and 
abdomen, and coxal spots bright shining green ; a subapieal black 
spot to abdomen ; antenn?e fuscous, the bases of the fourth and 
fifth joints luteous, the second joint a little shorter than the 
third or fourth ; lateral lobes of the head a little longer than the 
central lobe, their apices subacute and slightly recurved upwards ; 
pronotal lateral angles prominent, subnodulose, inwardly with 
t\\ o distinct grooves ; rostrum reaching the apex of the second 
abdominal segment. 

Length 18; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. B\\\xidi\\{Con. Dist.): 8ylhet {Brit. Mas.). Assam; Mar- 
gherita and Naga Hills {Dohert)j). 

107. Dalpada mirabilis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (G) xi, p. 389 (1892). 

Olivaceous-green ; a central elongate spot at base of head, its 
lateral margins, a central fascia, not extending beyond centre, 
and a narrow transverse fascia on anterior area of pronotum, five 
small basal spots and an obscure posterior central fascia to scutellum, 
lateral margins, apex, and the whole inner area of corium, cas- 
taueous ; membrane very dark castaneous : body beneath and legs 
ochraceous; lateral margins of head, sternum, and abdomeii some- 
what broadly olivaceous green ; sternum with transverse spots of 
the same colour and with two large black spots between the anterior 
and intermediate coxae ; intermediate and posterior femora spotted 
with castaneous ; posterior tibia? with the base and apex castaneous. 
(Anterior legs, intermediate tibiae, and antennae mutilated.) Abdomen 
beneath with a central black spot on the penultimate segment. 
Lateral angles of the pronotum moderately prominent and nodulose ; 
lateral lobes of the head slightly longer than the central lobe. 

Length 25 ; breadth between ])ronotal angles 13 millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills {Do7ie)-t>/). — The type specimen still remains 
the only example of this large and magnificent species, so that the 
original description cannot be amplified. 

]9S. Dalpada clavata. Fair. (Chnex) Ent. Si/st. Suppl. p. 532 (1798): 
Dall. List Hem. i, p_. 184 (1851). 
Ilalys latipea & concinna, JVestw. in Hope Cat. i. p. 23 (1837). 
Dalpada bulbifera tfc consobrina, Wall;. Cat. Het. i, pp. 223, 225, 
10, 20 (18(37). 

Closely allied to the following species {D. versicohr), but with the 
head longer, latei'al angles of the ])ronotum more obtuse and 
nodulose, and inwardly marked \^"ith two furrows ; abdomen 
beneath sometimes with a double series of dark discal spots. 

Length 14 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to S millim. 

Hah. Assam; Margherita (Doherti/). Khtisi Hills (Chemiell). 
Bombay. Burma ; Bhamo, Teinzo, Palon (Fea). Tenasserim ; 
Myitta (Doherti/). — Also received from Siam. 

A'OL. I. I 



114 PENTATOMIU.E. 

b. Pronotal angles subacute, neither prominentln nofhilose 
nor imvardly furrowed. 

199. Dalpada versicolor, lierr.-Schaef. (Halys) Wanz. Ins. V, p. 76, 
t. 1G9, f. 520 (1839) ; Dull. List Hem. i, p. 185 (1851). 

Obscure ochraceous, variegated with bronzy or dark green 
markings ; head elongate, with the central lobe extending a little 
beyond the lateral lobes, which have their margins biannulate ; 
antennae slender, fuscous, fifth joint luteous at base ; pronotum 
with the lateral margins moderately serrated anteriorly, the lateral 
angles subacute ; scutellum with the basal angular margins palely 
levigate, its apex long and slender; connexivum alternately 
ochraceous and green : body beneath and legs ochraceous, lateral 
margins much as in D. ocidata, but more broken and powdery 
and with a distinct series of reddish-orange spots on outer margiu. 
Kostrum reaching the apex of the fourth abdominal segment. 

Differing from D. oculata by the longer head, more elongate 
scutellum, subacute and not nodulose pronotal angles, and by the 
non-dilated anterior tibiae. 

Length 15 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to Smillim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). — 
Originally described from a Javan specimen. 

200. Dalpada pilicornis, StM, En. Hem. v, p. 41 (1876). 

Stramineous ; head, pronotum, corium, and sternum darkly 
punctate, the punctures brassy-black, an indistinct median line 
and the apices of the pronotal angles less densely punctate ; lateral 
pronotal angles somewhat broadly prominent, but not distinctly 
nodulose, brassy-black, and with a distinct furrow inwardly ; 
scutellum darkest on basal area, the apical area sparsely punctate, 
and with a somewhat large elongate levigate ochraceous spot at each 
basal angle ; membrane fuliginous, the veins darker ; counexivum 
alternately dark blackish-green and ochraceous ; abdomen beneath 
reddish-ochraceous, the disk impunctate, the lateral areas some- 
what thickly darkly punctate, the apical segmental angles brassy- 
green ; antennae fuscous, bases of fourth and fifth joints ochraceous, 
second joint shorter than third ; central lobe of the head scarcely 
longer than the lateral lobes ; rostrum reaching the apex of the 
second abdominal segment. 

Length 10 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles G to 7 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (Hampson). 

201. Dalpada brevivitta, WaJh. Cat. Het. i, p. 224 (1867). 

Ochraceous, thickly and darkly jmnctate ; pronotum with a 
broad longitudinal impunctate fascia on disk, narrowed anteriorly, 
where it contains a few black punctures, and with three black 
punctures in a longitudinal series at base, on each side of this 
fascia on anterior area are two waved ochraceous lines ; scutellum 
with the angles narrowly ochraceous, levigate ; connexivum darlv 



APODIPHUS, 



115 



olivaceous-green with ochraceous spots ; body beneatli ochraceous, 
lateral areas of sternum and abdomen darkly punctate ; abdomen 
with a central longitudinal line, a transverse line at. each, stigma, 
inner margin, and apical margins of each segment black ; legs 
ochraceous, femora finely spotted with black, bases and apices of 
tibiae narrowly and tarsi (excluding base) black ; antennae ochra- 
ceous, inner margin of basal joint and fourth joint — excluding 
base — black, fifth joint mutilated ; membrane fuliginous, the veins 
darker, the margins obscurely spotted. 

Pronotum with the lateral margins strongly sinuated, the lateral 
iTUgles subprominent, acute, and recurved; anterior lateral max'gins 
somewhat strongly serrated. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Cachar {Brit. Mus.). 

202. Dalpada confusa, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1879, p. 121 ; kl. Sec. Yarkund 
Miss. (lUiynch.) p. :i, f. 1 (1879). 

Ochraceous, thickly punctured with dark bronzy-green ; mem- 
brane pale fuliginous, the veins very dark and ^\ ith an apical series 
of fuliginous spots ; body beneath paler than above and thickly 
punctate on the lateral areas ; in the male the disks of the second 
and third abdominal areas greyish ; antennae fuscous, the bases of 
the fourth and fifth joints luteous. 

Antenna? with the third, fourth, and fifth joints almost subequal 
in length ; head with the lateral lobes distinctly longer than the 
central ; pronotal angles prominent, subacute, slightly directed 
backwards ; rostrum just passing the posterior coxae. 

Length 15 to 17 : breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 8 millim. 

Hab. Punjab ; Murree (StoUczka). 

Genus APODIPHUS. 

Apodiphus, Spin. Ess. p. 295 (1837). 
Apodiphya, A7nt/. S,- Sen). Hem. p. 108 (1843). 

Type, ui. aiiii/i/dali, Germ. An Eastern European species. 

Distribution. I'alaearctic liegion. 

Body elongate ; head broad and long, the apex subtruncate, the 
lateral margins unarmed, with the lateral lobes extending beyond 
the central lobe ; antennae with the basal joint not reaching the 
apex of the head, second joint twice as loui; as the first ; pronotum 
with the anterior lateral margins finely denticulated, the lateral 
angles subprominent ; scutellum long, narrowed towards the apex, 
which is rounded ; abdomen centrally sulcate on basal area ; 
rostrum with the third joint a little longer than the second. 

This is really a Pakearctic genus. Three species have been 
described, one of which is found in Eastern Europe, another in 
Turkestan, whilst the third here enumerated from Kashmir is 
probably the species included in the Indian fauna as A. amygdali 
by Atkinson (J. A. S. Beng. Ivii, p. 4, 1888) and said to occur in 
Assam. 

i2 



116 PEJ^T ATOMID.!:, 

203. ApodiphUS pilipes, Horv. Termesz. Fiizeteh, xii, p. 29 (1889). 

Head, pronotura, and scutellum black, very coarsely punctate, 
with irregularly sized, raised levigate ochraceous spots ; corium 
cinuamon-browD, finely and darkly punctate, with a few ochraceous 
levio-ate elevations ; membrane cupreous ; conuexivum alternately 
ochraceous and olivaceous ; head with a distinct central ochraceous 
line and with two small spots of the same colour at base ; pronotum 
with a distiiict traus\'erse series of four ochraceous spots un 
anterior area ; scutellum with three ochraceous spots at base : 




Fig. 60. — Apodipliiitf pilipes. 

body beneath ochraceous, much punctured with dark olivaceous or 
black ; abdomen with a central inipuuctate line, its lateral margins 
alternately ochraceous and olivaceous ; legs piceous, bases of the 
femora ochraceous. Kostrum passing the posterior coxa>. 

Length 17 to ITg ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Kashmir {Budapest Mas.). Gilgit (Ind, Mm.). 



Genus SURENUS. 
Siuvuiis, Did. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 10(i. 

Type, S, nonnalis, Dist, 

Distribution. Burma. 

^Moderately ovate and elongate. Head long and somewhat 
broad, the lateral lobes much longer than the central lobe and 
broadly cleft between their apices, which are obliquely subtruncate. 
lateral margins concavely sinuate and reflexed ; eyes prominent ; 
antenna? hirsute, five-jointed, basal joint robust and reaching the 
apex of the head, second and fifth joints subequal in length ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; pronotum about twice 
as broad between the lateral angles (which are subprominent) as 
long, the lateral margins dentate and moderately sinuate, the 
anterior angles subspinous, posterior margin very slightly rounded ; 



EBTHESINA. 



117 



scutellum more than half the length of the abdomen, its _ apex 
narrowed and subacute ; corinm not quite reaching the margms ot 
the connexivum, which is moderately angulated at the segmental 
incisures ; apical margin of corium a little concavely sinuate, 
.apical angle acutely produced ; membrane with longitudinal veins ; 
abdomen beneath globose ; tibiie sulcate but not dilated. 

204. Surenus normalis, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 107. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum piceous or very dark olivaceous, 

corium paler olivaceous, 
membrane dark cupreous, 
apex of scutellum narrowly 
ochraceous ; abdomen be- 
neath piceous, castaneous 
on dislv ; sternum and head 
beneath dark olivaceous ; 
legs castaneous ; auteimse 
castaneous, the apical joint 
stramineous. Head thickly 
and rather coarsely punc- 
tate ; pronotum finely 
granulate, with an indistinct 
central impression ; scu- 
tellum finely granulate and 
transversely wrinkled ; corium thickly and finely punctate. 

Length 20; breadth between pronotal angles 11 ; max. abdominal 
breadth 12 niillim. 

Hah. Burma; Kareunee (/''m). 




Fig:. 61. — Surciiits normalis. 



Genus ERTHESINA. 
Erthesina, Spin. Ess. p. i>91 (1837). 

Type, E. fallo, Thunb. 

Distribution. Oriental Hegion. 

In this genus both the anterior and posterior tibite are dilated, 
the head is long, somewhat tapering at apex, the basal joint of the 
iintenme does not nearly reach the apex of the head. These are the 
essential characters which separate Erthesina from the allied genera 
found in this fauna ; another character which separates it from 
the following genus Halys is in having the basal joint of the ros- 
trum extending beyond the bucculse : the veins of the membrane 
are simple or somewhat furcate. 



205. Erthesina fuUo, Tlmnb. (Cimex) Nov. Ins. Spec. ii,p. 42, 1. 1^ f. 57 
(178:3) ; Ball. List Hem. i, p. 183 (1851). 
Cimex mncoveus, Fabr. EntSyst. iv, p. 11 7 (1794) ; Spin. (Erthesnia) 
Ess. p. 291 (1837). 

Head black, coarsely punctate, a central longitudinal line, 



118 



PENTATOMID^. 



lateral margins, inner margins 




of eyes, and ocelli ochraceous; 
antennoe piceous, base ol: 
apical joint ochraceous ; 
prouotum and scut ell urn 
black, very coarsely punc- 
tate, with scattered small 
ochraceous callosities, the 
pronotnni with a central 
t j^^^^^ ^^^^® ^^^ lateral and ante- 

la'— ^k^-ij-J y^^^^^^l^ ^'^'^^' margins also ochra- 

■E^S'i^ll'?''^:^:^ / M©S^^M \\ ceous ; corium purplish- 

bi'own, the marginal area 
somewhat darker, except- 
ing the posterior disk, with 
scattered small ochraceous 
callosities ; connexivum 
alternately ochraceous and 
piceous : body beneath 
pale ochraceous, with coarse scattered black punctures on the 
lateral areas ; four longitudinal fascite to lead beneath, sternal 
and abdominal incisures, scattered fasciae and patches to sternum, 
transverse lines at abdominal stigmata, marginal spots and sub- 
apical spot to abdomen, black ; legs black, bases of femora, centres 
of tibise, and bases of tarsi ochraceous. Second joint of antennae 
distinctly longer than third ; rostrum reaching the third abdominal 
segment. 

Length 20 to 25 ; breadth between prouotal angles 11 to 12millim. 
Hah. mkh'im (1 ml. 3h(S.). Assam: Khasi Hills (ChenneU), 
Margherita, Darrang, Samagooting (Ijid. iVus.). Bengal ; Jessore 
(Ind. Mits.). Vizagapatam (Jnd. Mvs.). Trivandrum {Triv. 3h(s.). 
Ceylon (Green). Andaman Islands {Ind. Mus.). — Also received 
from China and Japan ; Formosa and Hainan (Coll. Bist.). 



Fip. ij2.—Erthmna fullo 



206. Erthesina acuminata, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 183 (ISol). 

Closely allied to ii". /»ZZo, Thuub., but smaller; head more acu- 
minate anteriorly ; rostrum long, reaching the base of the last 
abdominal segment. 

Length 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {CoU. Dist.). North Bengal {Brit. JSlus.). Burma 
{Co'll. Dist.). 

207. Erthesina guttata, Fubr. (Cimex) Mant. Ins. ii, p. 291 (1787) ; 

Stdl, Hem. Fahr. i, p. 23 (1868). 

Above olivaceous-green ; head with a central line, the lateral 
margins, the inner margins of eyes, and two small spots at base 
ochraceous ; prouotum, scutellum, and corium speckled with small 
ochraceous callosities ; prouotum M'ith the anterior and lateral margins 
and a central line extending about one-third from apex ochraceous; 



HALTS. 



119 



scutellum with three small basal spots and the apex ochraceous ; con- 
nexivum spotted with ochraceous; membrane pieeous : body beneath 
and legs generally as in E.fnllo. Kostrum reaching the fourth 
abdominal segment. 

Length 20 to 25 ; breadth between prouotal angles 13 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green). 

Genus HALYS. 
Halys, Fabr. (part) Sijst. Rhymj. p. 180 (1803). 

Type, H. dentatus, Fabr. 

Distribution. Xorth and AVest Africa, India, China, and 
Japan. 

Diftering from ErtJiesina by the non-dilated tibite ; head long, 
tapering in front, the central lobe as long as the lateral lobes or 
longer ; first joint of the rostrum not extending beyond the bueculse ; 
veins of the membrane irregularly ramulose ; abdomen profoundly 
sulcated. 



208. Halys dentatus, Fabr. (Cimex) Si/st. Ent. p. 70l^ 0775) ; id. Si/st. 

Rhymj. p. 180 (180o). 
Oiraex sulcatus, Tlnmb. Nov. Ins. Spec, ii, p. 43 (1783). 
Halys sevrigera & serricoUis, Westiv. in Hope Cat. Hem. i, p. 23 

(1837). 

Dull ochraceous, coarsely and darkly punctate : head with the 
margins of the central lobe, pronotum with obscure oblique fasciae, 

scutellum with short 
basal and obscure central 
discal fasciae and two mar- 
ginal spots before apex, 
and corium with some 
obscure discal patches, 
black ; apex of scutellum 
pale, its apical margins 
pieeous ; connexivum 
alternately ochraceous 
and pieeous ; membrane 
greyish-brown, the veins 
darker : body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; head 
beneath and sternum 
coarsely and darkly 
punctate ; abdomen finely and darkly punctate, its lateral margins 
spotted with pieeous ; legs finely spotted with pieeous, more 
thickly at apices of femora and tibife ; antennie pieeous, apices of 
second and third joints and base of fifth joint luteous. Antenii;e 
with the second and fourth and the third and fifth joints subequal 
in length ; rostrum extending to or across the fifth abdominal 
segment. 




Fig. G3.— Ha/ys dented its. 



120 PENTATOMID.i:. 

Length 17 to 23; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to lOmillim. 

Hah. North-western Provinces; Allahabad, Hard war {Ind. Mus.). 
Sikhim (Atl-inson Coll.) ; Mungphu {Fnd. Mus.). Khasi Hills 
{Chennell). Calcutta {Ind. Mus.). Bombay (Leith); Karachi 
(rnd. Mus.). Nilgiri Hills {Hampson) x Bangalore {Coll. Dist.). 
Travancore; Trivandrum (^Vic. il/^s.). Cey]on {Green). Arrakau 
{Ind. Mus.). 

Mr. 11. M. Dixon, of the Victoria & Albert Mus. Bombay, informs 
me that the odour emitted by this species is different from the 
characteristic smell of bugs, though equally offensive. 

Common in Western India, usually found on the Babul tree 
(Acacia arcdnca, Willd.), but also on the Casuarina tree {Casuarina 
equisetifolia, Forst.). 

209. Halys nilgiriensis, Bist. A. M. N. H. ((3) xi, p. 391 (1893). 

Ochraceous, thickly punctured with brassy-black ; head, anterior 
area and lateral angles of pronotum metallic green ; antennae black, 
the joints very narrowly ochraceous at base, fourth joint annulated 
with ochraceous near base (fifth joint mutilated); head with a spot 
at apex, an oblique spot on each side near eyes, and a reversely 
directed oblique spot on each side near base, ochraceous ; legs 
castaneous, with the inner margins ochraceous ; pronotum with the 
anterior and lateral margins ochraceous, and with a dull ochraceous 
spot on each green lateral angle ; scutellum with five small ochra- 
ceous spots at base and the apex ochraceous; connexivum alternately 
ochraceous and black : body beneath and legs ochraceous, lateral 
margins of head and sternum broadly metallic green ; femora and 
sublateral areas of abdomen darkly punctate ; abdomen with small 
marginal spots at incisures and a spot on the last three abdominal 
segments black ; tibioe with outer spots at base, centre, and apex, 
and apices of the tarsi black. 

Differing from H. den tat us, Fabr., apart from colour, by the much 
broader head, especially at the apex, with its lateral margins more 
strongly toothed ; lateral margins of the pronotum more finely 
crenulate ; apical third of scutellum more elongate and narrow ; 
second joint of antennae much shorter than the third, &c. 

Length 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). 

Genus AG.ffiUS. 
Agaeus, Dull List Hem. \, p. 185 (18-51). 

Type, A. tessellatus, Dall. 

Distvihution. Oriental and Ethiopian Eegions. 

Head elongate, the lateral margins slightly sinuate but nearly 
parallel, the apex pointed, the central longer than the lateral lobes ; 
antennae five-jointed, basal joint not reaching the apex of the 
head ; rostrum about reaching the fourth abdominal segment ; 



AG.^US. 



121 



body elongate, ovate ; pronotam with the lateral margins deeply 
sinuate, their edges rellexed and sometimes denticulate ; scutellum 
elongate, posteriorly narrowed ; membrane with longitudinal veins ; 
abdomen beneath with a strong central furrow, reaching the fifth 
segment. 

210. Agaeus tessellatus, Ball. List Hem. i, p. ]S6 (1851). 

Above testaceous, thickly punctured with brown : head streaked 
uith brassy-green ; pronotum \\\t\\ five brassy-green spots on each • 

side of the posterior disk and 
two small central parallel 
spots of the same colour ; 
scutellum with the basal area 
and two small spots before 
apex brassy-green, with a 
narrow central line, the basal 
angles, lateral margins, and an 
oblique angular line on each 
side testaceous ; corium with 
a more or less defined brassy- 
green transverse patch about 
the centre, a Aery small spot 
near base, and two near apical 
margin ; membrane brown : 
body beneath testaceous, spar- 
ingly and I'ainth' punctate, a 
series of dark brown, sometimes green, spots near stigmata and 
a series of segmental spots on each side of furrow ; sternum 
with scattered coarse punctures and some lateral segmental dark 
spots ; legs testaceous, femora streaked with fuscous, and bases and 
apices of tibiae also fuscous. 

Length 20 ; breadth between pronofal angles 9 millim. 
Hah. Tenasserim ; Myitta (i>o/tfr///). 

211. Agseus mimus, JDist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 347, pi. li\ f. 1. 

Greenish-black; head with a central line and the lateral margins 
ochraceous ; pronotum with the margins and angulated fascife, 
enclosing thirteen spots, ochraceous ; scutellum with a central line, 
lateral margins, apex, two spots before apex, a short oblique line at 
basal angles, and two faint oblique lines on disk ochraceous ; corium 
with the claval, lateral, and apical margins, and some discal fasciae 
ochraceous, these last enclose a marginal area and four irregularly 
shaped spots ; membrane bronzy-brown : body beneath and legs 
similarly coloured and marked as in preceding species. 

Length 23 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Assam {Ind. Mus.) ; Margherita {JJoherty). 




Fig. 04. — Affcsus tessellatus 



(>M 



r 



'y"-^(\,\- 



122 



PEXTATO:k[ID.E, 



Genus NEVISANUS. 
Nevisanus, Dist. A.M.N.H. (6) xi, p. 391 (isOS). 

Type, N. alteruans, Westw. 

Distribution . Oriental Eegion. 

Head about as long as median portion of the pronotuni, broad, 
the lateral margius moderately concavely sinuate, but not toothed, 
the anterior margin truncate, the lobes of equal length ; antennae 
five-jointed, inserted about halfway between the eyes and the apex, 
the second and third joints rather longly pilose, basal joint reach- 
ing the apex of the head, second and third joints subequal in 
length and a little shorter than fourth joint ; rostrum slightly 
passing the posterior coxoe ; body ovately elongate, depressed ; 
prouotum with the anterior margin strongly concave, the lateral 
margins entire or dentate, sinuate near middle, the lateral angles 
subpromiuent ; scutellum passing the centre of the abdomen, 
moderately tumid at base, and gradually narrowing to about one- 
fourth before apex, which is convexly rounded ; membrane with 
robust longitudinal veins ; abdomen beneath with a broad basal 
furrow ; legs pilose ; tibiae sulcated. 



212. Nevisanus alternans, Westw. (Halys) in Hope Cat. Hem. i. 
p. 22 (1837) ; Dist. P. Z. S. 1900, p. 809. 
Nevisamis orientalis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 392 (1893). 

Ochraceous, thickly punctured with brassy -black ; head with the 
lateral lobes, the margins of the central lobe, and the base very 

thickly punctate; antennae 
black, base of third joint 
narrowly, and bases of 
fourth and fifth joints 
broadly ochraceous ; pro- 
notuin rugnlose, thickly 
punctate, the extreme 
anterior and lateral mar- 
gins ochraceous, the mar- 
ginal lateral angles black ; 
scutellum with a levigate 
spot at each basal angle 
and a small central basal 
spot ocln-aceous, apex and 
a central fascia from about 
centre very sparingly 
punctate ; corium thickly punctate, particularly on disk and near 
base ; membrane black, with some apical pale spots ; connexivum 
alternately ochraceous and black : body beneath and legs ochraceous, 
lateral areas of sternum and abdomei] sparingly punctate ; longi- 
tudinal fasciae to head, transverse fasciae to sternum, abdominal 
segmental margins, duplex marginal spots at the incisures, and a 




Fig. 65. — Ncvisavus alternans. 



ASYLA. 123 

transverse streak near stigmata, black ; femora punctured with 
black : tibise outwardly black at base and apex ; apices o£ tarsi 
black. 

Length 18 to 20; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to lOmillim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Khiisi Hills (Chennell), 

213. Nevisanus nagaensis, Did. A. 31. N. If. (6) xi,p. 390 (1893). 

Ochraceous ; head, pronotum, and scutellum thickly covered 
with greenish-black punctures, the corium more sparingly so ; 
pronotum v^ith the lateral margins coarsely dentate, the lateral 
angles subaeutely prominent ; scutellum strongly transversely 
\\rinkled at base and with three pale spots on basal margin ; mem- 
brane cupreous, with the apex paler, the veins black, \\itli subapical 
black spots between them ; connexivum alternately ochraceous and 
greenish-black : body beneath as above, the punctures much more 
scarce on the disk of abdomen : legs ochraceous, spotted with black. 
Antenna' mutilated in type. 

Length 20 ; breadth between ptonotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills {Dolerttj). 

214. Nevisanus tectus, Wall^. (Dalpada) Cat. Het. \, p. 224, 17 

(1867) ; Did. A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 398 (1893). 

Ochraceous, thickly, coarsely, and dai-kly punctate ; head with 
a paler and less punctate space at base ; margins of pronotal angles 
black ; apex of scutellum pale ochraceous and almost impunctate : 
body beneath ochraceous ; lateral areas of head and the sternum 
somewhat sparingly, coarsely, and darkly punctate ; lateral areas (i' 
abdomen finely darkly punctate : legs ochraceous, finely speckled 
with castaneous. Pronotum and scutellum finely and obscurely 
wrinkled ; pronotal lateral angles moderately prominent, broadly 
subacute, lateral anterior margins distinctly finely serrate. 

This description is taken from the unique type from which the 
antennte are now missing. Walker originally described them as 
'■ luteous, slender, black-speckled ; first joint not extending to the 
front of the head, second shorter than third." 

Length 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6^ millira. 

Hah. Sylhet {Brit. Mus.). 

Genus ASYLA. 
Asyhi; Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 403 (1867). 

Type, A. indicatri.v. Walk. 

DistrVmtion. Oriental Region. 

Body moderately long and robust ; head large, longer than 
broad, central lobe almost as long as the lateral lobes, which are 
rounded at their apices, with their lateral margins reflexed and 
concavely sinuate; antenna3 with the basal joint not reaching the 
apex of head, second joint shorter than the third, remainder 
mutilated in type ; rostrum extending to the third abdominal 



124 



PENTATOMID-T. 




Fig. CS.— Asi/la indiea/rLv. 



segment, second joint just passing anterior coxfe, third joint 
reaching posterior coxae : pronotum deflected anteriorly, anterior 
lateral margins finely serrate, lateral angles prominent ; scutellum 
a little more than half the length of abdomen, narrowed posteriorly : 
abdomen somewhat obsolete ly centrally sulcated, more distinctly 
so near base ; prosternum sulcated, mesosternum centi'ally keeled, a 
small plate between the posterior coxae ; abdomen globose beneath ; 
legs unarmed. 

215. Asyla indicatrix, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 403 (1867). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly punctate ; body beneath paler ; 
.... „- head beneath and sternum 

"■■■-,. .,-•' punctare, abdomen with 

testaceous f )'eckles ; abdo- 
men above pale castaneous, 
the connexivum brownish, 
sj^otted with ochraceous. 
Pronotum with the lateral 
angles prominently, broadly 
subacute ; apex of scutel- 
lum impunctate. 

Length 23 ; breadth be- 
tween prouotal angles 12 
millim. 

Ilah. " India " {Brit. 
Mus.). 

210. Asyla fese, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 107. 

Brownisli-ochraceous ; head, pronotum, and scutellum trans- 
versely rugulose and coarsely punctate ; head with the central lobe 
more or less margined with black punctures ; anteinitc with the 
first, second, and third joints black (remaining joints mutilated) : 
corium thickly and finely punctate, membrane fuscous ; head 
beneath and sternum brownish-ochraceous ; rostrum, legs, and 
abdomen testaceous. Head with the lateral margins slightly 
sinuate and moderately reflexed ; antennae with the second joint 
distinctly shorter than the third ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins crenulate, the lateral angles moderately prominent, their 
apices broadly subacute ; membrane with six longitudinal veins, 
asymmetrically bifurcate ; abdomen obscurely centrally sulcate on 
the second and third segments; rostrum reaching the base of the 
third abdominal segment, its apex black. 

Length 20 ; bi-eadth between prouotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Kakhyen Kauri {Fea). 

Genus ORTHOSCHIZOPS. 

Orthoscliizops, Sjnn. Gen. d'Ins. Artr. p. 131 {Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. 
It. Mo(k7ia, xxv) (1852). 
Type, 0. latisjnna, Germ. An African species. 
Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 
Ovate; head with each lateral margin near the eyes armed 



SCIOCORIS. 



12;^ 



with .1 tooth or forming a more or less distinct angle, lateral 
lobes longer than the central lobe ; rostrum extending to or 
passing the posterior coxse ; antennae five-jointed, first joint not 
reaching the apex of head ; pronotum with the lateral tnargins 
concavely sinuate and somewhat longly aad irregularly dentate ; 
scutellum subtriangular, its lateral margins more or less sinuate ; 
membrane with the veins reticulated ; sternum centrally suleate : 
abdomen generally more or less centrally fiu'rowed near base. 



217. Orthoschizops assimilis, JJ'es/ic. 
(Halys) in Hope Cat. Hem. i, p. 21 
(1837);' Bist. P. Z. S. 1900. p. 809. 
pi. Hi, f. 2. 

Brownish-ochraceous, punctured and 
variegated with black ; lateral margins 
of the pronotum serrated, the spines 
somewhat long and irregularly placed, 
pronotal lateral angles prominent ; scu- 
tellum uith the apex greyish ; membrane 
with black reticulated veins ; antenna? 
and legs brownish-ochraceous. 

Length 18 ; breadth between pronotal 
angles 9^ millim. 

Bab. "India'* {O.rford Mas.).—T\\e 
type is figured. 




Fig. ()7. 

OrihoscJi isops assliii Uis 



Division SCIOCORAlilA. 

This division represents a small group of allied genera separated 
sectionally by Stfil (En. Hem. v, p. 49, 1876), to which Atkinson 
afterwards applied the name of Sciocoraria (J. A. 8. B. Ivii, 
p. 11, 1888). Head clypeated, not, or seldom, narrower than the 
base of the scutellum, foliaceously dilated, amplified before the 
collum ; ocelli remote from the small eyes ; antenniferous tubercles 
remote from the margins of the head, not distinguishable from 
above ; basal joint of the anteunse not reaching the apex of the 
head ; scutellum more or less narrowed from the base ; cou- 
nexivum flattened, laminated. 

Siinopsis of Genera. 

a. Scutellum somewhat sharply narrowed to apex. Sciocoris, p. 12-"). 

b. Scutellum broad, more evenly attenuated 

posteriorly Mf.xkdemus, p. 127. 



Genus SCIOCOEIS. 
Sciocoris, Fallen, Hem. S'ltec. p. 20 (1829). 

Type, S. terretis, Schrank. A Palsearctic species. 
Distribution. Pala?arctic, Ethiopian, and Oriental Eegions. 
Body oval, depressed, slightly convex beneath; head large, 
flattened, rounded in front, the lateral lobes a little tlie longest 



120 



PENTATO-MID.D. 




and meeting just in front of the central lobe, the margins lami- 
nate ; rostrum about reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum with 
the lateral margins laminate and with a more or less distinct 
transverse discal impression ; scutellum gradually narrowed 
posteriorly, margins very slightly sinuate ; membrane witli the 
veins simple ; pro- and mesosterna furrowed. 

218. Sciocoris indicus, Dall. List Hem. 1, p. 1:12 (1851). 

Pale oehraceous, thickly, coarsely, darkly punctate ; head with 
two distinct short strife on disk, and a similar striation at base a 
little before each eye; antemife with the iirst and second joints 
oehraceous, the remainder piceous ; pronotum with a cen- 
tral levigate line extending 
through the scutellum ; apex 
of scutellum pale greyish- 
ochraceous ; connexivum 
oehraceous, spotted with 
piceous ; membrane fuligi- 
nous, hyaline: body beneath 
jHinctured as above, but a 
little paler in hue ; sternum 
with a narrow pale fascia on 
each lateral area ; abdomen 
with the disk piceous, gra- 
dually narrowing towards 
apex, where it contains a 
central pale line, and with a ^ubapical black spot ; an indisti)ict 
pale submorginal fascia on each side. 
Length 5| to 6 millim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Malabar {CoU. Dint.). Coonoor 
{Brit. Mas.). 

219. Sciocoris lateralis, Fieb. Rhyndi. p. 21 (1851). 

This species differs from S. indicus, Dall., by the following 
characters : — the antennae are brownish-yellow, third joir.r brow u 
above, fourth yellowish at the base, above brown like the entire 
fifth joint ; on the slightly curved margins of the pronotum is a 
lono-itudinal three-cornered whitish spot, the posterior corner of 
which almost reaches the humeral angles, the inner corner resting 
on the transverse furrow. 

Length 4^ millim. 

Hab. India (" Aus Hinterindien " — Fieher). Coonoor {Brit. 
3£ub:). 

220. Sciocoris lewisi, Dist. (Menedemus) A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 429 

(1SU9). 

Oehraceous, thickly covered with blackish punctures ; head 
with the narrow lateral margins and three discal, linear, levigate 



Fig. 68. — Sciocoris indicus. 



MBNKDEMCS. 



12; 



fasciae ochraceous ; pronotum with three similar fasci;e, the 
ceuti-al one straight, the two outermost oblique ; scutellum with 
a small spot near each basal angle and a central levigate longi- 
tudinal fascia ochraceous, extreme basal angles subt'oveate and 
piceous ; corium with the base of lateral margins ochraceous ; 
membrane piceous ; connexivum alternately ochraceous and 
piceous: body beneath piceous; sternum with snblateral ochra- 
ceous linear spots ; lateral margins of abdomen broadly dark 
ochraceous, extreme margin spotted with pale ochraceous ; legs 
pale brownish; antennae with the third, fourth, and fifth joints 
piceous, first and third joints shortest and subequal in length, 
fourth joint slightly longer than fifth. 

Length 5,, millim. 

Hah. North Khasi Hills (ChenneU). Ceylon (Lewis). 



Genus MENEDEMUS. 
Menedemus, Dist. A. M. K. H. (7) iv, p. 429 (1899). 

Type, 31. viltatus, Dall. A species of doubtful habitat, supposed 
to have been received from Africa. 

Distrihiition. Ethiopian ? and Oriental Regions. 

Allied to SeioGoris, but with the head a little longer and with 
its lateral margins distinctly reflexed ; scutellum broader, more 
evenly attenuate posteriorly. Besides these structural characters, 
Menedemus, according to present knowledge, also differs from 
Sciocoris in possessing a distinct and ornamental coloration of a 
generally fasciate character. 



221. Menedemus hieroglyphicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 430 

(1899). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate ; head with 
three discal levigate, linear, ochraceous fasciae, the central one 
straight, the others slightly curved ; pronotum with five similar 

fasciae, and between the two 
outermost on each side a 
short basal fascia, and the 
lateral margins ochraceous ; 
scutellum with an elongate 
spot near each basal angle, 
the lateral and apical mar- 
gins, a central longitudinal 
fascia, and a transverse 
central sinuate fascia cross- 
ing disk levigate, ochra- 
ceous ; extreme basal angles 
subfoveate and piceous ; 
corium narrowly ochraceous 
at base of lateral margin, with a sublateral linear ochraceous fascia 




Fig. GO. — ]\lcncdcinus hievoglyphicus. 



128 PEXTATOMID,!'. 

and some testaceous discal markiugs ; membrane piceous ; eon- 
nexivum alternately ochraceous and black : body beneath piceous : 
sternum with a sublateral ochraceous levigate fascia on each side ; 
abdomen \\ith the posterior segmental margins, a central and two 
discal longitudinal fasciffi on each side, and a series of marginal 
spots ochraceous ; antennae dull dark brownish, first and third 
and fourth and fifth joints subequal in length. 

Length 7 to 8 millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith). 



Division DOBPTARIA. 

The group of genera proposed to be included in this division is 
distinguished by the following characters : — Lateral margins of 
the head and pronotum generally laminated, those of the pronotum 
entire or finely crenulate ; head broad, generally about as broad at 
base as long, not prominently attenuated anteriorly, lateral lobes 
longer than the central lobe ; first joint of the antennae not reaching 
the apex of the head ; sternum usually more or less furrowed ; 
abdomen without a furrow and unarmed at base ; anterior margin 
of the pronotum wider than the region of the eyes and truncate 
behind them, the anterior angles always more or less acute. 

This division will include that of 8tal (En. Hem. v, p. 52, 1870), 
subsequently named Myrocluuia by Atkinson (J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 12, 
1888), but is more extensive and includes genera dispersed in 
other divisions by those authors. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Lateral margins of pionotuni entire, not 

crenulate. 

a. Anterior angles of the prtmotum forwardly 

produced DoRpitrs, p. 129. 

b. Anterior angles of pronotum not forwardly 

produced. 
a. Scutelhun broad, about two-thirds the 

length of abdomen yEoNUS, p. 132. 

I). Scutelhun more or less gradually attenu- 
ated to apex. 
«'. Head scarcely sinuate and not augu- 
late in front of eyes. 
«-. Antenuiferous tubercles with a 

small spine at base L.M'iars. p. 129. 

h^. Autenniferous tubercles unarmed. 
n?. Pronotum behind head trun- 
cate Nj^.odius, p. 1-") I . 

Ji^. Pronotum behind head con- 
cave lIlPl'OTA, p. l."31. 

A'. Head distinctly augulated and sinu- 
ate in front of eyes Ph^^textatus. ]). 134. 

B. Lateral margins ofpronotum finely crenulate. Valescus, p. 13i. 



LAPKIUS. 



129 



Genus DORPIUS. 
Doi-pius, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 164. 

Type, B. tt/picus, Dist., an African species received from the 
Congo. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Body elongate, subovate, moderately convex beneath ; head 
ovate, lateral margins laminate, slightly recurved upwardly, lateral 
lobes a little longer than the central ; rostrum reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae ; antennae five-jointed, the third joint very short, 
basal joint not reaching the apex of the head. Pronotum with the 
lateral margins convexly laminate, slightly recurved upwardly, 
anterior margin much wider than head, its apical angles acute and 
forwardly produced. Seutellum more than half the length of 
abdomen, attenuated posteriorly ; membrane with longitudinal 
veins ; anterior femora spined beneath ; meso- and inetasterna 
centrally furrowed. 

222. Dorpius indicus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. IGo, ^\. ii, f. 4. 

Ochraceous, finely and thickly punctate ; five transverse spots 

on anterior disk of pronotum, 
a spot at each basal angle and a 
central fascia to seutellum im- 
])uncl:ate ; antenna with the 
first, second, and third joints 
ochraceous, apex of the third 
and the whole of the foui'th 
and fifth joints, excluding their 
extreme apices, fuscous : body 
beneath with a broad sublateral 
series of brown punctures, on 
the inner side of which is a 
segmental series of pale levi- 
gate spots ; stigmata piceous ; 
membrane pale fuscous, its 
apical margin greyish ; sternum coarsely punctate ; femora finely 
speckled with brownish. 

Length 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Sind {Coll. Dist.). Punjab {Harford, Brit. Mus.). 

Genus LAPEIUS. 

Laprius, StdJ, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1861, p. 200. 

Type, L. gastricus, Thiinb., from Japan and China. 

Distribution. Oriental and Eastern Palaearctic Kegions. 

Head somewhat narrowed in front, subovate, almost as long as 
the pronotum, lateral margins moderately reflexed and laminate, 
a little sinuate in front of eyes, lateral lobes a little longer than 
the central lobe, but entirely separate at their apices ; a small spine 

VOL. I. K 




Fig. 70. — Dorpius indicus. 



130 



PENTATOMID.1;, 




Fig. 71. — Laprius varicornig. 



at apex of antenniferous tubercles ; antennse five-jointed, first joint 
not reaching apex of head ; rostrum extending laeyond the inter- 
mediate coxae. Pronotum with the anterior lateral margins entire, 
anterior angles subprominent and reaching beyond the latitude of 
the eyes ; pro- and mesosterna furrowed. 

223. Laprius varicornis. 

Sciocoris varicornis, DaJl. List Hem. i, p. 136 (1851). 
Laprius varicornis, St&l 6fi\ Vet.-AA-. Fiirh. p. 62-3 (1870). 

Dull ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate ; eyes black ; a 

transverse row of four 
obscure levigate spots on 
anterior disk of pronotum ; 
a levigate spot at basal 
angles, and a very obscure 
paler central fascia to scutel- 
lum ; head beneath and 
sternum as above, hut the 
punctures less dense : abdo- 
men more or less castaneous, 
its lateral margins paler with 
the stigmata piceous, pre- 
ceded by a segmental series 
of short whitish spots ; legs 
and rostrum pale ochraceous, 

the femora speckled with brownish, apex of rostrum piceous ; 

antennae with the three basal joints reddish-ochraceous, apex of 

third joint infuscated, fourth and fifth joints fuscous with their 

bases ochraceous. 

In some specimens there are a few dark spots on basal area of 

scutellum, as in the specimen figured. 

Length 11 to 12: breadth between pronotal angles millim. 
Hah. Sind {Coll. Hist.). Kbasi Hills (ChenneU). Cochin and 

Calcutta (Coll. Bist.). Bombay (Leith). 

224. Laprius antennatus. Hist. Tr. H. S. 1901, p. 108. 

Allied to the preceding species (L. varicornis), but differing by 
the colour of the antennae, which in L. antennatus are fuscous, 
the basal joint somewhat testaceous, bases of third and fourth 
joints luteous ; the body is much broader posteriorly and more 
rugulose on the pronotum and scutellum, the punctures much 
coarser ; the pale ante-stigmatal spots larger, more elongate and 
somewhat continuous. 

Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Burma : Karen, Ashwe Keba {Fea) *. 

* Mr. Atkinson (J. A. S. B. 1888, p. 14) has included L. gadrkus, Thunb., 
in his enumeration of Indian Ehyncliota as being "Reported from India." In 
this course he has probably been misled bj- Walker. L. gadrimis appeal s to 
represent the genus in China and Japan. 



131 



Genus NEODIUS. 

Odius, Stdl .6fv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. oOo (nom. jyircocc). 
Neodius, Berffi: Rev. d'Ent. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, N. depressus, Elleur., a species received from Sumatra 
and Borneo. 

Distribution. Burma and the Malayan Archipelago. 

Head somewhat narrowed in front, subovate, shorter than the 
pronotum, lateral mar^^ins moderately retlexed and laminate, a 
little sinuate in front of eyes, lateral lobes a little longer than the 
central iobe, separate at their apices, anteuniferous tubercles not 
spinous ; antennae five-jointed, first joint not reaching apex of 
head ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxa?. Pronotum with 
the anterior lateral margins entire, but moderately laminate and 
reflexed ; anterior angles subprominent and extending forward 
beyond the eyes ; mesosternum with an obscure central furrow. 

225. Neodius ol)scurus, Dist. (Odius) Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 108. 

Dull ochraceous, thickly covered with coarse black punctures ; 

antennae fuscous, the base 
of the apical joint luteous; 
abdomen above fuscous- 
violaceous, connexivum 
thickly and blackly punc- 
tate ; membrane smoky- 
hyahne, the longitudinal 
veins fuscous ; body be- 
neath piceous ; legs ochra- 
ceous, coarsely punctate. 
Head cleft at apex be- 
tween the apices of the 
lateral lobes ; antennae 
with the second joint a 
little shorter than the 
third, fourth joint slightly 
longest; pronotum with 
the lateral margins strongly recurved, and with a faint central 
longitudinal line which is continued throughout the scutellum. 
Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 milhm. 
Hah. Burma ; Katha, Teinzo {Fea). 

Genus HIPPOTA. 

Plexippus, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 505 {mm. jiraocc). 
Hippota, Bergr. Rev. cCEnt. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, H. dorsalis, Stal. 

Distribution. At present known only from India. 

Head short, broad, almost shorter than broad between the eyes 
rounded at apex ; lateral lobes slightly longer than the central, 
with their margins moderately reflexed ; first joint of the ant' nn® 

k2 




Fig. 72. — Neodius obscicrus. 



132 



PENTATOMID,?:, 



about reaching the apex of head. Rostrum not extending beyond 
the intermediate coxse. Pronotum with the latei'al margins rounded 
and laminate, anterior angles obtusely angulated beyond the outer 
margin of the eyes ; corium with the apical angles a little pro- 
duced, apical margin somewhat sinuate near the angle ; veins of 
membrane simple. Abdomen not spined at base, but second seg- 
ment slightly convexly elevated at centre ; mesosternum centrally 
carinate. 

226. fiippeta-dorsalis, Stdl (Plexippus), Berl. eni. Zeitsc/ir. xiii, p. 226 
(1869). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly darkly punctate, bases of pronotum 
and scutellum finely transversely rugulose ; abdomen above dark 
violaceous ; connexivum blackish, last two segments obsoletely 
palely streaked ; an impunctate spot at base of eyes ; extreme 
lateral margins of pronotum and the extreme lateral margin of 
corium near base blackish ; pronotum punctate, mesosternum 
punctate near coxae ; stigmata darkly prominent. 




Fig. 73. — Hi23pota dorsaUs. 



I/eugth 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 
Hah. Deccau (StocMiolm Miis.). 

I am indebted to Dr. Aurivillius for an opjjortunity of examining 
and figuring this apparently rare insect. 

Genus ^DNUS, 
jEdnus, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 144 (18-j1). 

Type, yE". obscwus, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental and Eastern Palaearctic Regions. 

Body ovate ; head rather short, margins moderately reflexed and 
laminate ; the lateral lobes a little longer than the central lobe, but 
not always meeting in front as described by Dallas ; antennae five- 
jointed, basal joint not quite reaching the apex of the head ; 



iEDNUS. 



133 



rostrum reaching or slightly passing the intermediate coxte. Pro- 
notum with the anterior margin broad, produced truncately beyond 
the eyes, the anterior angles subacute, lateral margins oblique and 
sublaminately reflexed. Scutellum broad, about two-thirds o£ the 
length of the abdomen, becoming narrower from about the base 
to the middle and then regularly continued to the apex which is 
rounded ; membrane with longitudinal veins, which become some- 
what reticulated near apical margin ; femora beneath with a double 
series of minute spines or tnbercles towards their apices. 

227. .ffidnus obscurus, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 145, t. 3, f. 5 (1851). 
^dnus similis, Haf/l. Stett. e?it. Zeit. xxix, p. 154 (1868). 

Above piceous or very darkly castaneous ; body beneath black ; 

a narrow lateral margin to 
meso- and metasterna, and a 
broad lateral margin to abdo- 
men brownish - ochraceous ; 
legs castaneous, tarsi and 
rostrum ochi'aceous ; antennae 
with the first four joints 
piceous, very narrowly ochra- 
ceous at base, fifth joint 
ochraceous with its 
piceous : membrane 
brownish, with the 
piceous : body above 




base 

pale 

veins 



Fig. 74. — Mdmis obscurus. 



very 



thickly punctate, more or less 
rugulose on pronotum and scutellum ; beneath, the abdomen is 
more finely punctate than the sternum. 

Length 8| to 10| ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 6 millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills {Chennell). Burma: Bhamo, Palon (Fea). — 
Also received from the Malay Peninsula, and from a number of 
the islands comprised in the Malayan Ai-chipelago. 

228. ^dnus ventralis, Ball. Tr. E. S. (n. s.) ii, p. 10, pi. i, f. 3 (1852). 

Ovate, rather convex, ochraceous, thickly punctured with dark 
brown ; scutellum with an obscure central pale fascia on disk ; 
membrane pale hyaline, with the veins darker; sternum and legs 
ochraceous, the first somewhat sparsely darkly punctate ; abdomen 
black or castaneous, the margins broadly ochraceous, the extreme 
margin palest and with a small dark spot at the apex of each 
segmental incisure ; legs speckled with brownish ; rostrum 
ochraceous ; antennae brownish-ochraceous, the fourth and fifth 
joints darkest. On the anterior disk of the pronotum there is a 
transverse series of four or five small levigate pale spots, and there 
is a similar pale spot in each basal angle of the scutellum ; abdomen 
beneath thickly and finely punctate. 

Length 6 to 7g ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| to 5 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Atl-'mson). Naga Hills (Chennell). Dallas's 
typical specimen was from Hong Kong. 



134 



PENXATOMID^E. 



Genus PR^TEXTATUS. 

Pi-fBtextatus, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 583, 

Type, P. t(/picus, Dist. 

Distrlhut'wii. Burma. 

Body o^ate ; head with the lateral margins laminate, angulate 
in front of eyes and then distinctly sinuate, the lateral lobes longer 
than the central lobe, but not quite meeting at their apices ; eyes 
prominent ; antennae five-jointed, basal joint not reaching the 
apes of the head. Pronotum with the lateral margins oblique, 
laminate, slightly but distinctly recurved, the anterior angles 
prominent, anterior mai^gin sinuated for the reception of the liead, 
lateral angles subprominent. Scutellum shorter than the corium, 
gradually attenuated to apex, which is narrow and obtusely acute ; 
membrane with lougitudinal veins, some furcate but not reticulate ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxa?, first joint not quite 
reaching base of head ; meso- and metasterna somewhat obscurely 
furrowed. 



229. Praetextatus typicus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 684. 

Blackish-castaneous, the 
corium a little paler in 
hue ; membrane fuliginous ; 
antenufe piceous, the apical 
joint stramineous ; body 
beneath black ; legs and 
rostrum dark castaneous ; 
pronotum with two small 
central pale spots on an- 
terior disk ; antenna? with 
the fourth joint longest, 
second shorter than third ; 
upper surface thickly punc- 
tate, scutellum trans- 
versely w^'inkled. 

Length 13; breadth between pronotal angles 7 milhm. 

Hah. Burma (Coll. Dist.). 




Fig. 75. — Frcefexfaiiis ft/picus. 



Genus VALESCUS. 
^'alescus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 084. 

T3'pe, V. nigricans, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Somewhat broadly ovate ; head with the lateral margins reflexed, 
moderately laminate, angulate in front of eyes, the lateral lobes 
longer than the central and cleft at their apices ; eyes large and 
prominent ; antennae five-jointed, basal joint not reacliing the apex 
of the head. Pronotum with the anterior angles broadly truncate 



TALESCUS. 



135 



and acutely angulate at their apices ; lateral margins oblique, 
moderately laminate and very finely crenulate, lateral angles sub- 
prominent ; posterior margin nearly straight ; anterior margin 
excavated for the reception of the head, behind which it is truncate. 
Scutellum more than half the length of the abdomen and narrowed 
before apex which is rounded ; membrane not quite reaching apex 
of abdomen, with longitudinal veins ; rostrum reaching the inter- 
mediate coxfe, basal joint almost extending to base of head ; meso- 
and metasterna somewhat obscurely furrowed ; antennae, tibiae, and 
tarsi distinctly pilose. 



230. Valescus nigricans, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 585. 

Very dark reddish-castaneous ; antenna?, rostrum, cox», and 

legs dark ochraoeous; fifth 
joiat stramineous, its ex- 
treme apes piceous. An- 
tennae pilose, second joint 
a little shorter than third, 
fourth, or fifth joints, 
which are subequal in 
length ; head coarsely 
punctate, with a small 
impunctate spot before 
each eye; pronotum trans- 
versely wrinkled, thickly 
punctate on the anterior 
and lateral margins, rugu- 




Fig. 76. — J'alescus nigricans. 



lose on posterior area; scutellum transversely wrinkled, obscurely 
fiuely punctate on apical area ; corium thickly punctate ; sternum 
coarsely punctate ; abdomen very finely and obscurely punctate. 

Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 
. Hah. Ceylon {Leivis). 



Division DYM ANT ARIA *. 

This diA'ision includes a group of genera separated by Stal (En. 
Hem. V, p. 51, 1876) and some others placed by him in another 
category. The following characters represent the division as 
understood and proposed here : — The antenniferous tubercles are 
remote from the lateral margins of the head, and inside longitudinal 
lines through the inner margins of the eyes ; the head is always 
elongate, sometimes longer than broad ; tlie sternum is usually 
sulcated ; and the odoriferous apertures are often, to use a term of 
JStal's, " subauriculatae." 



* The genus Dymantis, on which the divisional term is constructed, is 
African. 



136 



PENTATOMID^. 



Si/nojisis of Genera. 

A. Head rounded anteriorly Bonacialus, p. 136. 

B. Head more or less acuminate. 

a. Head with the latei-al lobes longer than 

the central and meeting beyond it Gui.ielmus, p. 137. 

b. Head with the lobes about equal in length. 

a'. Antennfe sexually diverse ^liomorpha, p. 138. 

b'. Antennae five-jointed, alike in both 

sexes Adeia, p. 139. 



Genus BONACIALUS. 

Bonaeialus, Disf, Entoynoloyist, 1901, p. 346. 

Type, B. dixoni, Dist. 

Distribution. Western India. 

Body elongate ; head large, longer than broad, somewhat broadly 
rounded in front, distinctly depressed before apex, the lateral 
margins a little ampliated and recurved, the lateral lobes longer 
than the central lobe and meeting beyond it, but a little cleft at 
their apices ; the antenniferous tubercles remote from the lateral 
margins and distinctly inside longitudinal lines passing through the 
eyes ; antennae five-jointed, first joint short, incrassated, second 
joint not reaching apex of head, third shortest ; rostrum reaching 
the posterior coxoe ; eyes touching the anterior angles of the pro- 
notum, which is broader than long, its lateral margins a little 
sinuate, lateral angles rounded ; scutellum more than half the 
length of abdomen, narrovied towards apex ; cerium with the lateral 
margins almost perpendicular. 

231. Bonaeialus dixoni, Dist. Entomologist, 1901, p. 347. 

Ochraceous, very coarsely and darkly punctate ; head with the 
central lobe and base more or less levigate ; pronotum with the 
margins narrowly levigate, the lateral areas more thickly and the 




-Bonaeialus cVuroni. 



central area much less punctate ; scutellum \\ith a large levigate 
spot near each basal angle, and a central levigate fascia not quite 



QULIELMUS. 



13/ 



reaching apex : corium thickly punctate, with its lateral margins 
very narrowly levigate ; membi'aue pale hyaline : body beneath as 
above, the legs irapunctate ; a small black spot at bases of coxae,. 
a similar spot near apices of femora beneath, and the stigmata 
black ; lateral areas of the abdomen less punctate than on disk ; 
antennae darker ochraceoiis ; apex of rostrum piceous. 

Length 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| millim. 

Hah. Bombay ; Bor Ghat {Dixon). 



Genus GULIELMUS. 
Gulielmus, Dist, Eutomologist, 1901, p. 347. 

Type, G. laterarius, Dist. 

Distribution. Western India. 

Body elongate ; head large, longer than broad, narrowing to apex 
which is subacute, distinctly depressed before apex, lateral lobes much 
longer than central lobe and meeting beyond it, their apices slightly 
cleft ; antenniferous tubercles remote from the lateral margins, 
distinctly within longitudinal lines through the eyes ; antennae 
five-jointed, basal joint incrassated, second joint not reaching apex 
of head, fourth joint a little shortened ; rostrum about reaching 
posterior coxae ; pronotum broader than long, lateral margins 
obliquely straight, lateral angles rounded ; scutellum long, broad, 
little narrower at its apical half, extending to or reaching a little 
beyond the apical angles of the corium ; connexivum exposed. 



232. Gulielmus laterarius. Did. Entomologist^ 1901, p. 347. 

Ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate ; corium tinged with 
carmine-red ; extreme margins of head and a small spot at apex of 
scutellum black ; two small obscure fuscous spots on anterior area 
of pronotum ; scutellum with an elongate levigate spot outwardly 




Fig. 78. — Gulielmus laterarius. 

margined with black at each basal angle and a central levigate 
line ; corium with the outer margin and veins ochraceous ; mem- 
brane pale greyish ; inner margin of connexivum piceous ; body 
beneath ochraceous; head and sternum somewhat thickly, abdomen 
more sparingly punctate, a lougitudinal black punctate fascia* on 



138 



PENTATOMID^. 



each lateral area o£ tbe abdomen ; apex of rostrum and apical 
joint of antennse (excluding base) fuscous. 

Length 9 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3g to 4 millim. 

Hah. Bombay ; Bor Ghat : and Western India generally. 

Mr. E. M. Dixon, who forwarded to me this and the following 
species, describes them as nocturnal in habit, and very much 
attracted by brilliant light. They are sparingly found in Septem- 
ber, but are plentiful in October and November all over Western 
India. 

233. Giilielmus marmoratus, But. EyHomologist, 1901, p. 347. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, but differing in having 
the surface of the pronotnm and scutellum distinctly rugulose ; 
the scutellum is also broader, the corium concolorous, and the 
punctures more profound. 

Length 81 to 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3| millim. 

Hah. Bombay ; Bor Grhat : and Western India generally. 

Genus ^LIOMORPHA. 

Tetratoma, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1851, p. 339 (ho771. prtpocc). 
.^liomorplia, Stal, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1858, p. 313 ; id. Hem. Afr. i, 
p. 173 (1864). 

Type, ^-E. simuJans, Stal, an African species. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian and Western Oriental Regions. 

Body moderately elongate, subovate ; head large, not longer 
tban broad at base, narrowing to apex, but not depressed before 
it, central lobe pi'ominent, reaching apex of head ; autenniferous 
tubercles remote from the lateral mai-gins, distinctly within longi- 
tudinal lines through the eyes ; antennae sexually diverse, second 




Fig. 79. — -EUomorpha hucaficoUis. 

joint in male very short, subobsolete, in the female slender and 
elongate, first joint slender, incrassate, not reaching apex of head ; 
rostrum about reaching posterior coxae ; pronotum broader than 
long, lateral margins obliquely straight, base slightly gibbous, de- 
pressed anteriorly ; scutellum somewhat long, moderately broad, 



ADRIA. 



139 



narrowed at its posterior half, not reacliing the apical angles of 
the cerium. 

234, ^Slliomorpha lineaticollis, JVestic. (Pentatoma) in Hope Cat. i, 
p. 36 (1837). 

Ochraceous, thickly and somewhat darkly punctate ; lateral areas 
of head and lateral margins of pronotum bright ochraceous, ex- 
treme margins of head brownish ; scutellum with a very small 
pale spot near each basal angle ; corium with a distinct castaneous 
patch on the inner half of apical margui ; membrane very pale 
brownish ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; lateral areas of 
head, sternum, and abdomen somewhat thickly punctate ; disk 
very sparingly punctate; anteunse ochraceous, moderately pilose. 

Length to 7 millim. 

Ffah. 'Bengal {Oxford JIuseum). Bombay; Bov Ghat (Bivon). 



Genus ADRIA. 

Adi'Ia, Stal, En. Hem. v, p. 58 (1876). 

Type, A. pnrvxda, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion, and reported from Senegal. 

Body elongate ; length of liead moderate, less than its breadth 
between the eyes, lolDes about equal in length ; antenniferous 
tubercles remote from lateral margins, just within longitudinal 
lines through the eyes ; aatenn?e five-jointed, first joint short, 
incrassate, fourth shorter than fifth, which is distinctly broadened ; 
rostrum reaching posterior coxoe ; pronotum broader tha.n long, 
lateral marghis oblique, anterior angles slightly pi^ominent ; scu- 
tellum moderately long, not quite reaching apex of corium ; 
sternum sulcated. 

235. Adria parvula, Dall. (Pentatoma) List Hem. i, p. 246 (1851). 

Ochraceous, somewhat 
thickly and coarsely punctate ; 
anterior and lateral margins 
and some anterior transverse 
discal markings to pronotum 
levigate ; scutellum with a 
spot near each basal angle 
and a central indistinct lon- 
gitudinal line levigate, and 
usually with a small obscure 
darker spot at apex ; body 
beneath more darkly punctate 
on the lateral areas ; antenua3 




Fig. 80. — Adria parvula. 



with^the fourth and fifth joints piceous. 
Length 7 to S millim. 
Hah. Bengal; Eanchi (^fnd. Mus.). 



Bombay ; Khandiila. 



140 



PENTATOMID^. 



Burma; Minhla (Comotto) . — This species has also been reported 
from Senegal. 

Flies by night, particularly about brilliant lights. Common at 
Khantiala {B. M. Dixon). 



Division MEG ID ARIA. 

This division here includes two genera differing from the pre- 
vious division {Dymantaria) by having the antenniferous tubercles 
placed more or less in line with the inner margins of the eyes 
and not inside them. The body is elongate, the width of the 
pronotum being less, or much less, than half the length of the 
body. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Head narrow, acuminate Mecidea, p. 140. 

B. Head moderately broad, rounded in front yENARiA, p. 141. 

Genus MECIDEA. 

Mecidea, Ball List Hem. \, p. 139 (1851). 
Cerataulax, Siyn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1851, p. 335. 

Type, M. indica, Dall, 

Distribution. Nearctic, Neotropical, Eastern and Southern 
Palsearctic Regions, South Africa, and India. 

Body elongate, somewhat depressed ; head somewhat long and 
convex, the lateral lobes much longer than the central lobe and 
generally meeting beyond it ; antenniferous tubercles entirely 
visible from above ; eyes globose, touching the anterior margin of 
the pronotum ; ocelli large, on a line with the base of the eyes ; 
antennae five-jointed, basal joint not reaching the apex of the head, 
second joint as long as the others or longer ; rostrum extending 

to the metasternum, inserted 
towards the apex of the head ; 
scutellum long, triangular, much 
narrowed at the apex ; mem- 
brane with simple longitudinal 
veins ; mesosteruum with a cen- 
tral furrow ; legs moderate, 
femora unarmed. 



236. Mecidea indica, Dall List 
ir«». i, p. 139,t.3,f.3(1851). 

Pale ochraceous, thickly and 

finely punctate ; eyes black ; 

scutellum elongate ; membrane 

pale hyaline ; ventral stigmata 

black ; antennre with the second 





Fig. 81.- 
bro^^■n ; apex 



■Mecidea indica. 
of the rostrum 



^NAEIA. 



141 



joint very long, more than twice the length o£ the third, dilated 
towards the base, fourth and fifth joints shorter than the second 
but longer than the third ; antennifcerous tubercles spinous exter- 
nally ; abdomen above with a black fascia on each lateral area. 

Length 10 to 13 millim. 

Hah. Bombay {Leltli). Poona {Coll. Dlst.). 



Genus -SENARIA. 

^uaria, Stal, E?i. Hem. v, i>. 55 (1876) ; JDist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, 
p. 432 (1899). 

Type, yE'. leiuisi, Scott, a Japanese species. 

Distribution. North India, Burma, Japan, and Philippine Islands. 

Body elongate ; head large, its lateral margins moderately 
sinuate, lateral lobes longer than the central lobe, either meeting 
beyond it or notched between their apices ; basal joint of antennae 
not reaching apex of head ; rostrum about reaching posterior 
coxte ; pronotum broader than long, lateral margins oblique, lateral 
angles subprominent ; scutellum long, but not reaching apex of 
corium ; connexivum prominent. 



237. .ffinaria elongata, IMl. (Peutatoma) Lisi Heyn. i, p. 246 (1851) ; 
' St&l (Niphe), bfv. Tet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 516 ;1)ist. A. M. N. H. 
(7) iv, p. 432 (i899). 

Ochraceous, thickly and coarsely punctate, connexivum strami- 
neous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; a small spot near coxae, 

stigmata, and sometimes an 
inner series of small abdomi- 
nal spots, black ; antennae 
red, fourth and fifth joints 
black, fourth with the base 
red, second, fourth, and fifth 
joints subequal in length, 
third short but considerably 
longer than first ; femora 
with small dark punctate 
spots. 

Length 11 to 13 millim. 
Hab. North India (Brit. 
2Ius.). Burma; Teinzo(i^m), 
Eangoon. Tenasserim ; Kawkareet (Fea). — Also recorded from 
the Philippines. 





Fig. 82. — jEnaria elongata. 



142 PENTATOMID^il. 



Division AMYNTAlilA. 

In this division the head is always niodei'atel_y large and trian- 
gular or subtriaugular ; the lateral lobes longer than the central 
lobe, meeting beyond it or cleft at their apices. The body is some- 
what broadly ovate, the width of the pronotum being half or more 
than half the length of body ; the mesosteruum is carinate, but the 
abdomen unarmed at base ; the lateral margins of the pronotum 
are generally distinctly, sometimes only obsoletely, serrate or 
denticulate. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

I. Head broader between eyes than long. 

A. Lateral margins of the pronotum obso- 

letely serrate Halyabbas, p. 142. 

II. Head as long as broad or longer than broad. 

B. Lateral margins of the pronotum distinctly 

serrate. 

a. Head with the lateral lobes meeting in 

front of central lobe. 

a. Lateral margins of abdomen more or 

less dilated ; eonnexivum exposed. 
a}. Scutellum as long as wide at base . Belopis, p. 143. 
b^. Scutellum a little longer than Avide 

at base Amyntok, p. 144. 

b. Head with the lateral lobes longer than 

central lobe, but not meeting in front 
a-. Head not longer than broad Ocheophaea, p. 146. 

b. Lateral margins of abdomen not di- 

lated nor eonnexivum exposed. 
b'-. Head considerably longer than 

broad Sennertus, p. 145. 

The genus Paramecus, Fieb., kno\\u only to the writer by 
description, is included in this division, but cannot be disposed in 
the synopsis without examination. 

Genus HALYABBAS. 
Halyabbas, Dist. Tr. E. S. 19C0, p. 164. 

Type, H. nnicolor, Dist, 

Distribution. Burma ; Siam : Lombok ; Hong Kong. 

Body ovate, narrowing to apex, depressed towards head from 
near base of pronotum ; head large, triangular, almost in a line 
with lateral margins of pronotum, lateral lobes very broad at base, 
narrowing towards apex and meeting a little in front of central 
lobe ; rostrum reaching base of abdomen ; antennae five-jointed, 
first joint not nearly reaching apex of head ; pronotum about 
twice as broad as long, lateral margins obliquely straight, very 
slightly crenulate near eyes, lateral angles obtusely subprominent ; 
scutellum broad at base, somewhat suddenly narrowed at about 
one-third before apex, which is rounded and reaches base of 



BELOPIS. 



143 



membrane ; corium with the apical margins convexly rounded ; 
membrane with longitudinal veins; second abdomiual segment 
centrally sulcated, 

238. Halyabbas unicolor, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 164, pi. ii, f. 2. 

Pale greenish or ochraceous, 
above thickly punctate, the 
corium more finely punctate ; 
antennpe, legs, and rostrum 
greenish-ochraceous, stigniatal 
spots black ; sternum coarsely 
punctate ; abdomen very finely 
punctate. 

Length 16-17; breadth be- 
tween prouotal angles 9 to 10 
millim. 

Hab. Burma ; Metanja {Feci). 
— Also received from Siam, 
Lombok, and Hong Kong. 




Fig. S3. — Halyabbas iinicolor. 



Genus BELOPIS. 
Belopis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (o) iii, p. 49 (1879). 

Type, B. nnicolor, Dist. 

Distribution. Assam and Burma. 

Broadly subovate ; bead triangular, about as long as broad ; 
lateral lobes longer than the central and meeting beyond it, but 
generally slightly divided at their apices, their lateral margins 
distinctly notched before apex ; antennse five-jointed, basal joint 
not reaching apex of head ; rostrum reaching the posterior 




Fig. 84. — Belopis unicolor. 

coxiB ; pronotum rather more than twice as broad as long, 
deflected towards head, the lateral angles prominent, subacute, 
anterior lateral margins crenulate ; scutellum as long as wide 
at base, gradiially narrowed for two-thirds the length, and 
then extending nearly straight to apes, which is narrowed and 



144 PE^'TATOMID.li:, 

rouuded ; membrane with longitudinal nervures ; abdomen convex 
beneath, moderately dilated laterally, connexivum extending beyond 
corium ; mesosternum with a central carination. 

239. Belopis unicolor, Dist. A. M. N. H. (5) ill, p. 50 (1879). 

Ochraceous, thickly and finely punctured ; punctures somewhat 
darker on frontal half of prouotum and head; antennae reddish, 
second joint longer than first, shorter than fourth, third and fifth 
longest, subequal ; scutellum with the central area punctate and 
rather darker, lateral margins concolorous with rest of upper 
surface; membrane ochraceous; body beneath and legs concolorous, 
the former thickly and finely punctate. 

Length 14; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (Chcnnell). Burma; Euby Mines (DoJicrtji), 
Karennee (Fea). 

Genus AMYNTOR. 

Amvntor, Stal, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. Forh. 1867, p. 519 ; id. En. Hem. \, 

p.' 107 (1876). 
Bolaca, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. i^ol (1867). 
(Estopis, Dist. A. M. X. H. (5) iii, p. 48 (1879). 

Type, A. obscurus, Dall. 

Distrihiition. Assam and Yunnan. 

Ovate, depi'essed ; head triangular, about as long as broad, 
lateral lobes longer than the central and meeting beyond it, but 
with their apices strongly cleft ; antennae five- jointed *, basal joint 
robust, not reaching apex of head ; rostrum reaching the posterior 
cox» ; pronotum about t\\ ice as broad as long, the lateral margins 
denticulated, the lateral angles prominent, slightly prominent and 
rounded at base, deflexed towards head; scutellum slightly longer 
than broad at base, gradually narrowed for two-thirds its length 
and then nearly straight to apex, which is angularly rounded ; 
membx'ane ^ith longitudinal veins ; abdomen moderately dilated, 
connexivum extending beyond corium, convex beneath ; meso- 
sternum with a central carination. 

240. Amyntor obscurus, Dall. (Halvs— Diclielops :-) Tr. F. S. 1849, 

p. 188, pi. 19, f. 3. 

Bolaca uuicolor, Walk. Cat. Set. ii, p. 251 (1867). 
(Estopis terra, Dist. A. M. X H. (5) iii, p. 49 (1879). 

Brownish-ochraeeous, corium with a purplish hue, thickly and 
darkly punctate ; head very thickly punctate and sometimes darker 
in hue ; antennae ochraceous, fourth and fifth joints fuscous, with 
their bases luteous ; scutellum somewhat I'ugulose and darker at 
base ; membrane pale fuscous ; abdomen above piceous, connexivum 

* When I described the proposed genus (Estopis my specimens were all 
without perfect antenujE, and I was thus led to conclude that the latter were 
only four-jointed. 



SENNERTUS. 



145 



broad aud distinct; sternum brovvuish-ocliraceous ; abdomen 
beneath a bttle darker, with a faint central longitudinal black 
line ; legs ochraceous, femora tliickly black-speckled. 




Fig. 85. — Ami/ntor ohscurus. 

Length 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 
Hah. Bhutan. Khc4si Hills (Chennell); Naga Hills (Doherty) : 
Shillong {lad. Mus.). — Also received from West Yunnan in China! 

Genus SENNERTUS. 
Sennertus, JDist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 110. 

Type, S. f)jpicHs, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Head subtriangular, considerably longer than broad, the lateral 
'lobes much longer than the central aud strongly cleft between 
their apices, lateral margins nearly straight ; antennae with the 
basal joint short, robust, not nearly reaching apex of head; pro- 
notum about twice as broad as long, the lateral angles prominent, 




Fig. 86. — Sennertus fi/picus. 

robust, and obtusely augulated, the lateral margins moderately 
concave and serrate ; anterior margin concave, posterior margin, 
nearly straight ; scutellum shorter than wide at base, moderately 
convex at basal area, narrowed at about one-third from ajiex, which 
is angularly rounded ; membrane with longitudinal veins ; abdomen 

VOL. I. L 



146 



PENTATOMID,^. 



gradually narrowed to apex ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; 
mesosternum with a central carination. 



241. Sennertus typicus, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 111. 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and coarsely punctate, more sparsely 
punctate on the head, where there is a levigate ochraceous spot at 
the inner margin of each eye ; lateral margins of head and prouotum 
very narrowly fuscous, posterior margins of pronotal lateral angles 
narrowly ochraceous, basal margin narrowly levigate ; scutellum with 
a small black spot in each lateral angle ; corium with the lateral area 
more finely punctate than on disk : body beneath ochraceous with 
scattered brown punctures ; stigmata and a double series of small 
segmental spots on each side piceous ; legs and antennae reddish- 
ochraceous, femora spotted with fuscous. 

Length 22 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 

Genus OCHROPHARA. 

Ochrophara, SW, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 626. 

Type, 0. emargmata, 8tfil, a species found in the Philippine 
Islands. 

Distrilmtion. India, Ceylon, Burma, and the Malayan Archipelago. 

Head more or less triangular, lateral lobes longer than the central 
lobe, their apices entirely divergent, lateral margins beyond eye& 
prominently angulated ; first joint of antennas not reaching apex 
of head ; rostrum about or almost reaching the posterior coxae : 
pronotum with the lateral margins concavely sinuate, anteriorly 
finely and obscurely crenulate ; scutellum reaching to about the 
middle of the abdomen ; abdomen unarmed at base. 

242. Ochrophara corinna, ^u% (PentntomaP), J. Linn. Soc, ZooL 

xxiv, p. 84, pi. 4, f. 12 (1891). 





Fig. 87. — Ochrophara corlnna. 

" Brown, thickly covered with darker punctures ; head rather 
long, with, two central grooves, front bifid ; pronotum deeply 



PAEAMECUS. 147 

emarginate before the lateral angles, rendering them nearh^ 
straight in front ; they are prominent, moderately long, and 
slightly obtnse at the tips. Under surface paler, mottled and 
speckled all over with black ; ventral surface of abdomen with 
obsolete blackish markings, and sometimes with a zigzag row of 
blackish markings on each side. Legs, especially femora, distinctly 
marked with black dots.'" (Kirby.) 

Length 11 : breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Pundaloya (Green). 

243. Ochrophara montana, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 165. 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly and more darkly punctate ; lateral 
margins of the corium, apex of scntellum, and a faint or broken 
central fascia to same, body beneath, legs, rostrum, and antennae 
pale ochraceous ; fourth and fifth joints of antennae reddish-ochra- 
ceous. Body elongate ; second joint of antennse shorter than the 
third, third and fifth subequal in length, fourth a little longest ; 
pronotnm with a narrow- levigate impression, posterior angles 
obtusely subprominent ; membrane pale greyish. 

Length 12-13 ; breadth between pronotal angles ok millim. 

Hab. Naga Hills (Chennell). Central Provinces ; Chanda. 
Burma : Tavoy. Karen Hills (DoJiertij) ; Bhamo, Karennee (Feu). 

This species is structurally remarkable in having the pronotal 
angles either obtusely rounded' or provided with a short acute 
forwardly-directed spine, which in some specimens is on one angle 
only. 

The species is also a forest-pest. Mr. L. de Niceville forwarded 
to me specimens for identification and wrote : — " In Chanda (Cen- 
tral Provinces) reported to be doing immense damage over 1200 
square miles of country to the bamboo-seed crop. As is generally 
known, the bamboo but seldom flowers, and when it does — often 
after a famine — the seed is a valuable food for the starving people." 
Mr. E. P. 8tebbing, Forest Entomologist to the Grovernment of 
India, has given the same report and forwarded specimens. He 
identifies the bamboo as Dendrocalamus strictus. 

Genus PARAMECUS. 
Paramecus, Fieber, Ithynchotographia, p. 34 (1851). 

Type, P. riijicorms, Eieb. 

Distribution. At present recorded only from India. 

Body elongate, somewhat convex ; head elongate, almost equally 
broad throughout ; lateral lobes somewhat longer than the central 
lobe, their margins rounded; antenna) with the third joint shortest; 
rostrum stout, extending beyond the intermediate coxte; pronotum 
hexagonal, convex between the humeral angles, which are prominent 
and furnished with a small tooth ; corium narrowed at the apex, 
longer than the scutellum. 

A genus unknown to the writer, but apparently belonging to 
this Division. 

l2 



148 PENTA.TOMID,E. 

^44. Paramecus ruficornis, Fieb. Wiynchotographia, p. 35 (1851). 

Elongate; ochraceous, blackly punctate; pronotum with two 
small black spots on anterior area ; scutellum with a slightly 
punctured pale median fascia; marginal line of pronotum and 
marginal spot yellow ; antennte, base of abdomen, dorsum, and legs 
yellow-ferruginous ; membrane sordid, the veins darker ; stigmata 
and pectus black. 

Length 12^ millim. 

Hah. ? Burma (" Hiuterindien "). 

I have not seen this species. 

Division CARPOCORARIA. 

This division can be separated at once from the Amyntaria by 
the shape of the head, which, \A'hilst always moderately and some- 
times very large, is not triangular, though sometimes a little 
narrowed in front, and often rounded ; the lobes are of equal 
length, or the lateral slightly longer than the central, but never 
meeting beyond it, sometimes the central lobe is a little prominent, 
as in Gap2Jaa ; the margins of the pronotum are entire, not serrate, 
though obsoletely so in Mormidella. 

This includes the Divisions Troinjcorypharia, Gap])cear%a, and 
Caypocoraria defined by Stal (En. Hem. v, 1876) and named by 
Atkinson (J. A. S. B. 1888, Ivii, pp. 19, 21, 29). 

Synopsis of Genera. 

I. Basal angles of scutellum with a profound 

oblong black impression Moemidella, p. 150. 

II. Basal angles of scvitellum without or with 

onty a small rounded impression. 

A. Odoriferous orifices on nietasternum long, 

acuminate, 
a. Counexivum uuicolorous, neither spotted 

nor punctate Niphe, p. 150. 

h. Counexivum spotted or punctured with 
black. 

a. Head longer than pronotum Cappjea, p. 149. 

h. Head not longer than pronotum. 
a' . Margins of pronotum neither ele- 
vated nor callous Halyomoepha, p. 152. 

b' . Margins of pronotum elevated or 

callous ToLi^MNiA, p. 153. 

c. Counexivum punctured only with brown 

or black Palomena, p. 155. 

B. Odoriferous orifices on metasteruum short, 

abruptly abbreviated. 

d. Frena "^not extending beyond middle of 

scutellum. 
a. Anterior lateral margins of pronotum 

acutely reilexed Caepocoris, p. 157. 

h. Anterior lateral margins of pronotum 

not acutely reilexed Codophila, p. 158. 

6. Frena extending beyond middle of scu- 
tellum DOLYCORIS; p. 159. 



CAPP^A. 



149 



Genus CAPPJEA. 
Cappaea, Elknr. Nat. Tijclschr. Nederl. Ind. xxiv, p. 14G (1862). 

Type, C. taprohanensis, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Head slightly longer than the pi'ouotiim, margins obliquely 
straight, apex rounded, the central lobe somewhat prominent and 
slightly longer than the lateral lobes ; prouotum sinuate at anterior 
margin, truncate behind eyes, lateral margins oblique, lateral angles 
subprominent ; scutellum broad, longer than half the abdomen, 
somewhat gradually narrowing to apex ; membrane short but 
extending a little beyond the apex of the abdomen ; rostrum 
reaching the second abdominal segment ; abdomen with a short 
basal furrow. 

245. Cappaea taprobanensis, Dcdl. (Pentatoma) List Hem. i, p. 244 

(1851) ; Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 74 (1876). 
Cappa3a multilinea, Elle^ir. Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. xxiv, p. 147, 
f. 17 (1862). 

Black, with the following ochraceous or testaceous markings :^ 
lateral mai'gins and three longitudinal lines to head ; margins, a 




Fig. 88. — Cajoi^aa taprobanensis. 

central fascia, and lineate reticulations on lateral areas of prouotum ; 
a central fasciate line and two united more or less curved lines on 
basal area to scutellum ; margins, a submarginal line, and other 
irregular markings to corium, luteous : body beneath and legs 
luteous or ochraceous, body more or less spotted with black on the 
lateral areas, legs finely spotted with black ; auteunfe fuscous, 
basal joint ochraceous spotted with fuscous ; membrane fuliginous 
with brown spots. 

Length 10 to lli- milUm. 

Hah. Sikhiui {Ind. Mus.). '^ovth. Khasi Hills {ClienneU). 
Malabar {Ind. Mus.). Coonoor {Atlins. Coll.). Ceylon {Green). 
Also received from Java and Sumatra. Gregarious in Ceylon and 
found on the bark and trunks of orange-trees {E. E. Green). 



150 



PENTATOMID.E. 



Genus MORMIDELLA. 

Mormidella, How. Tennesz. Filzetek, xii, p. 30 (1889). 

Type, M. jxtuli, Horv, 

Distribution. Kashmir. 

Body oval ; head about as long as the pronotuin, apex rounded, 
lobes of equal length, rosti'um almost reaching posterior coxje ; 
antennae five-jointed, first pint not reaching apex of head ; 
jDronotum somewhat convex, the anterior margin profoundly 
sinuated, the anterior lateral margins obsoletely crenulate and 
moderately laminate and reflexed, posterior angles not prominent ; 
scutellum broad, about as wide at base as long, blackly and pro- 
foundly impressed at basal angles ; corium with the lateral margins 
somewhat ampliated ; raembranal veins simple ; base of abdomen 
unarmed ; tibiae above sulcated. 

The affinities of this genus are with a small group of Australasian 
and Malayan genera. 




246. Mormidella pauli, How. Tennesz. FilzeteJc, xii, p. 30 (1889). 

Pale fuscous, densely punctate ; head, excluding basal streak, 

sublateral margins to pro- 
notum, an obsolete discal 
fascia to scutellum, and some 
anterior lateral spots to pi'o- 
sternum brassy black; lateral 
margins of the pronotum 
pale, straight : an oblique 
oblong callosity at each basal 
angle of scutellum ; a narrow 
subcostal fascia to corium 
impunctate ; membrane ob- 
scurely hyaline, the veins 
fuscous : body beneath with 
antennae, rostrum, and legs 
flavo - testaceous, punctured 
with fuscous : the two terminal joints of antennae and the fourth 
joint of the rostrum black ; abdomen beneath pale brassy-black, its 
margins pale ochraceous containing an intra-marginal black line. 

Length 1h millim. 

Hah. Kashmir. 

I am indebted to Dr. Horvath for the opportunity of figuring 
this species. 

Genus NIPHE. 

Niphe, Sm, bfv. Vet.-AA: Fork. 1867, p. 516. 

Type, N. suhferruginea, Westw. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Head a little narrowed forwards, the lateral margins slightly 



Fig. 89. — Mormidella 2Miili. 



NIPHE. 



151 



«inuate near middle, lateral lobes very slightly longer than the 
central lobe, ocelli much nearer to the eyes than to each other ; 
rostrum extending to the posterior coxa? ; antennae slender, first 
joint almost reaching apex of head ; pronotum with the anterior 
margin broadly sinuate, but truncate behind the eyes, lateral 
margins straight, lateral angles obtusely subprominent ; scutellum 
much longer than broad, its apex prominently narrowed ; meso- 
«ternum carinate; connexivum distinctly visible beyond the margins 
of the corium, the segmental angles very slightly prominent. 




547. Niphe subferruginea, Westw. (Pentatoma) m Hope Cat. i, p. 35 
(1837) ; Bist. P. Z. S. 1900, p. 810. 
Pentatoma cephalus, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 245 (1851). 
Pentatoma lateralis, Walk. Cat. Het. u, p. 301 (1867). 

Ochraeeous, thickly and darkly punctate ; lateral margins of 

the pronotum, basal lateral 
margins of corium, apex of 
scutellum, connexivum, body 
beneath, and legs pale ochra- 

WL:v-:, }[ '^M^^^^ ceous ; antennae testaceous, 

V ■ ifiliS^> with the apex of the third 

and apical halves of fourth and 
fifth joints black; sternum 
somewhat coarsely but palely 
punctate and with about two 
small black spots on the lateral 
areas of each segment ; lateral 
areas of abdomen with scat- 
tered small spots and the 
stigmata black. 

Length 12 to 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Xorth Khasi Hills (ChenneU). Bombay (LeitJi). Travan- 
•core. Burma ; Karennee, Palon (Feci). 

248. Niphe vittativeiitris, StSl, Oft. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 626. 

Above ochraeeous, uniformly darkly punctate, margins con- 
oolorous, the basal lateral margin of corium very narrowly pale 
ochraeeous ; body beneath and legs ochraeeous, sparingly darkly 
punctate; legs promiuently blackly punctate; abdomen beneath 
with a central black longitudinal ' fascia : antennae stramineous, 
apices of second and third and more than apical halves of fourth 
and fifth joints dark fuscous. 

Length 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Bah. Bombay (Leith). The species was originally described 
from the Philippines. 



Fig. 90. — l^iphe suhferruginm. 



152 



PENTATOMIDyD. 



Genus HALYOMORPHA. 

Halyomorplia, Mayr,-Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xiv, p. 911 (1864). 

Type, H. picus, Eabr. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

Head broad at apex, lateral margins narrowl}^ reflexed and 
a little sinuate, lobes of about equal length ; antennse five-jointed, 
first joint not reaching apex of head ; eyes large, sessile ; rostrum 
reaching the second or third abdominal segment ; pronotum with 
a short tooth at each anterior angle, lateral margins oblique and 
slightly reflexed, lateral angles subprominent ; scutellum with the 
apical third much narrowed, and with a small rounded impression 
at each basal angle ; tibiae externally broadly sulcate. 

249. Halyomorpha pious, Fubv. (Cimex) Ent. Syst. \\, p. 115 (1794) ; 

id. (Edessa) Syst. Rhyng. p. 153 (1803). 
Cimex marmorens, Fabr. Ent. Syst. Sup2yl. p. 534 (1798) ; id. 

(Edessa) Syst. Rhymj. p. 153 (1803). 
Cimex cinnamomeus, Wolf, Ic. iii, p. 99, f. 93 (1802). 
Halys timorensis, Westw. in Mope Cat. i, p. 22 (1837) ; Ball. 

(Pentatoma) List Hem. i, p. 242 (1851) ; Mayv (Halyomorpha), 

Reise Nov., Hem. p. 50 (1866). 
Pentatoma halys, Stdl, 6fv. Vet.-AJc. Fiirh. 1855, p. 182. 
Pentatoma trivialis, Dohm, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 400 (1860). 
Poecilometis mistus, XJhler, Proc. Ac. Phil. 1860, p. 223. 
Dalpada brevis, remota, & j)roxima, Walk. Cat. Met. i. pp. 226-7 

(1867). 

Very variable in colour and size. Above greyish-ochraceous, 

ochraceous, testaceous, or 
castaneous, thickly and 
darkly punctate ; head, 
anterior and lateral areas 
of pronotum more or less 
marked with dark fuscous 
or brownish : a small dai'k 
spot outwardly margined 
with levigate ochraceous 
at basal angles of scu- 
tellum : body beneath and 
legs pale luteous, the 
lateral areas punctate, 
lateral areas of head and 
sternum more or less pro- 
minently blackly punctate ; rostrum reaching second abdominal 
segment ; antennse with the fourth and fifth joints a little the 
longest and sube([ual, third longer than second. 
Var. Scutellum with the apex pale, impunctate. 
Length 12 to 17; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 
10 millim. 

Hub. North Khjisi Hills (OJiennell) ; ~Bomha.y (Lei th) ; Calcutta 
(Ind. Mus.); Bangalore (Cameron)- Nilgiris (Hamiisoyi) ; Tri- 




^^ 



Fig. 91. — Halyomorpha incus. 



TOLUMNIA. loS 

vandrum. Ceylon. Burma; Karennee, Palon (^Fea). — Also a 
common species throughout Malayana, and found in China and 
Japan. 

250. Halyomorpha scutellata, Bist. A. M.N. H. (5) iii, p. 51 (1879). 
Castaneous, thickly punctate ; margins of head, lateral margins 

of pronotum, antennae, legs, and rostrum black or dark blackish- 
green ; scutellum with the discal basal area continued as a fascia 
to apex luteous, levigate, with a few scattered very coarse punc- 
tures ; membrane fuliginous ; body beneath pale sanguineous ; a 
large spot on pronotum behind each eye, a large patch at the region 
of the odoriferous apertures, the margins of the pronotal angles, 
stigmata and marginal spots (sometimes connected), and a large 
spot on the sixth abdominal segment bluish-black. Eostrum about 
reaching second abdominal segment ; third, fourth, and fifth joints- 
of antenna) subequal in length. 

Length 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hab. Khiisi Hills (C/ienneU). Bombay (Leith). 

251. Halyomorpha niurrea, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 344, 1. 12, f. 5. 

Above pale greenish-oehraceous, corium (excluding outer mar- 
ginal area) and basal area of pronotum with a slight purplish 
tinge ; head with the lateral margins, margins of central lobe, and 
some basal linear spots black ; antenna) with the basal joint pale 
speckled with black, second and third joints purplish, apical half 
of third black (remaining joints in type mutilated) ; pronotum 
with the lateral margins and a double series of spots on anterior 
half ochraceous, and near these spots a number of small somewhat 
tessellate black spots ; scutellum with four black spots at base,, 
four more obscure and broken across disk, two on basal half, some 
minute tessellate spots at apex, and a series of dark punctures on 
each lateral margin from basal third to apex ; corium minutely and 
sparingly darkly punctate, costal area greenish thickly spotted with 
black, lateral basal margins ochraceous ; connexivum ochraceous 
spotted with black ; membrane obscure creamy-white speckled 
with black : body beneath and legs pale greenish ; spots to 
sternum, a spot at base of each anterior tibia, spots near apices of 
intermediate and posterior femora, a spot at base and apex of each 
apical segment, and apex of rostrum black. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Atkinson). 

Genus TOLUMNIA. 

Tolumnia, Stdl, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 515 ; id. En. Hem. v,. 
p. 57 (187(3). 

Type, T. trinotata, Westw., a species found in Cambodia and 
the Malay Archipelago. 

Distrihution. Oriental Eegion. 

Pronotum with the anterior and the anterior-lateral margins. 



154 



PENTATOMIDjE. 



elevated, the anterior margin concave, slightly truncate behind the 
eyes, the lateral angles subprominent ; head forwardly narrowed, 
the apex rounded, lateral margins slightly sinuate near middle, 
central lobe slightly longer than the lateral lobes ; rostrum passing 
the posterior coxa3 ; corium with the apical margin very slightly 
sinuate near the apical angle, which is somewhat rounded at 
extremity ; mesosternum distinctly carinate ; abdominal segmental 
angles slightly acutely prominent ; anterior tibiae sometimes 
moderately dilated. 

252. Tolumnia latipes, Ball. (Pentatoma) List Hem. i, p. 238 (1857) ; 

JJist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 436 (1899). 
Dalpada obtusicollis, Ellenr. Nat. Tijdsc/ir. Nederl. Ind. xxiv, 

p. 143, f. 10 (1862). 
Peutatoma trispila, Walk. Cat. Hit. ii, p. ;i02 (1867). 
I'ar. Peiitatoma contiugeus, Walk. he. cit. p. 302. 

Pale chocolate-brown, thickly punctured and obscurely irrorated 

with ochraceous ; central 
lobe to head, lateral and 
anterior margins to pro- 
notum, a large spot in each 
basal angle of the scutel- 
lum and the apex to same 
luteous ; connexivum alter- 
nately black and luteous : 
body beneath and legs 
luteous, very finely punc- 
tate ; three SQiall spots on 
each lateral area of the 
sternum, apices of femora, 
tibia?, tarsi, and apex of 
rostrum, black ; antennse 
ochraceous, first joint blackish, foui-th and fifth joints black with 
their bases luteous. 

Var. contingens, AValk. Scutellum without the large pale basal 
angular spots. 

Length 9 to 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to Tmillim. 

Hah. Sikhim; Mungphu (AtJcinson). North Khasi Hills 

{Chennell); Njiga Hills (Z)o7((t?v). Trivandrum. Burma; Bhamo, 

Karennee (Fea). Tenasserim ; Myitta {Doherty). — Also received 

from Siam, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, and Hong Kong. 

253. Tolumnia maxima, sp. n. 

Eesembling T. latipes, but much larger, much more coarsely 
punctate, lateral pronotal angles more prominent ; antennte with 
the first, second, and third joints ochraceous speckled with fuscous, 
apex of third joint pale ochraceous ; pronotum more largely 
irrorated with ochraceous, especially on the anterior and lateral 
areas ; basal angular spots to scutellum comparatively smaller and 




Fig. ^'2.— Tolumnia latipc 



PALOMENA. 



155 



reddish-ocliraceous ; steruum with a double rort' of lateral spots 
which are sometimes greenish, lateral abdominal margia with two 
dark greenish spots at the apices of the incisures ; a central 
elongate black spot on the disk of the penultimate abdominal 
segment. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Tenassenm ; Myitta (Dohertij). 

254. Tolumnia antennata, sp. n. 

General appearance of the preceding species but broader, and 
in some respects approaching the previous genus {Hahjomorpha). 
The mai-gins of the head are more reflexed and the central lobe not 
a little longer than the lateral lobes ; the lateral margins of the 
pronotum are also scarcely callous though reflexed ; its other 
characters, however, are distinctly those of Tolumnia. 

Above as in T. maxima, but the ochraceous irroration to the 
pronotum transverse and discal ; antennae black, base of apical 
joint luteous, a double series of small black lateral spots to the 
sternal segments ; stigmata and two small marginal spots at apices 
of abdominal incisures black ; femora with a narrow apical line 
beneath and posterior femora with two subapical spots, black ; 
apices of the anterior tarsi black. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles ^k millim. 

Hah. Malabar {Coll. Dist.). 

255. Tolumnia immaculata, Dist. Tr. K S. 1900, p. 168. 

Brassy-ferruginous, thickly aud coarsely punctate ; body beneath 
iind legs ochraceous, coarsely and darkly punctate ; a large central 
piceous spot to mesosternum, aud a very dark castaneous broad 
irregular central fascia to abdomen ; legs punctured with bro\\'nish, 
femora with t\\o large brownish spots beneath a little before apex ; 
antennae ochraceous, fourth and fifth joints and the apex of the 
third piceous, bases of fourth and fifth joints ochraceous. Head 
long and narrow ; second joint of antennae a little longer than the 
third, fourth and fifth subequal in length. 

Var. Colour above ochraceous ; head, anterior area of pro- 
notum, and sometimes apex of scutellum only, brassy-ferruginous. 

Length 8^ to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 5| millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson) ; Kotagiri (AtJcinson Coll.). Ceylon 
(Green <Sf Leivis). 

Genus PALOMENA. 

Palomena, Muls. <$• Itey, Piin. France, Fent. pp. 271 & 277 (1866) ; 
Stal, En. Hem. x, p. 75 (1876). 

Type, P. viridissima, Poda. 

Distrihiition. Palaearctic Eegion and jNorthern India. 
Head moderately rounded in front, antennae with the second 
joint a little longer than the third ; connexivum extending beyond 



15G 



PENTATOMID.i;. 



the corium, nearly uniformly punctured with brown or black ; 
back of the abdomen black. These ai-e the characters relied upon 
by Mulsant and Eey to separate the genus from some other closely 
allied genera which do not occur in this fauna. 

I enumerate four species. Atkinson (J. A. S. B. 1888, p. 28) 
includes P. ampUJicata, Dist., in the fauna, under the habitat 
" Assam (?)," but I think erroneously. That species was founded 
on specimens from North China. 



a. Pi'onotal angles rounded., not jirominentlu spinous. 

256. Palomena viridissima, Poda (Cimex), Ins. Mns. Graec. i^. 56. 10 

(1761) ; JDist. Sec. YarTcand Miss., Rhyncli. p. 4 (1879). 
Cimex prasinus, Fieber, Eur. Hem. p. 339 (1861). 

Above green, margins of head, lateral margins of pronotum, 
basal lateral margin of corium, apical margins of scutellum, and 
lateral margins and incisures of the connexivum very narrowJif 
reddish-ochraceous ; anteunoe ochraceous or rufous, last joint Avith 
its apical area fuscous ; membrane fuliginous, reflecting the dark 
colour of the upper surface of the abdomen : body beneath 
ochraceous or greenish ; stigmata and apex of the rostrum black. 
The body above is thickly and somewhat coarsely punctate, lateral 
angles of the pronotum subprominent and rounded. 

Length 13 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Punjab; Murree (Stoliczl-a). — A well-known Europeai> 
species extending in range to N.W. Siberia. 

257. Palomena reuteri, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1879, p. 122 ; id. Sec. Yarkand 

Mis^., Phijnch. p. 4, f. 2 (1879). 

Grreen ; head, anterior margin of pronotum, basal half of scu- 
tellum, and membrane bronzy ; head obscurely rugulose, very 
thickly and strongly punctured with black, central lobe slightly 
shorter than the lateral lobes ; rostrum luteous with the apex 
black ; antennae luteous, apical joint somewhat fuscous, third joint 
longer than second and rather shorter than fourth ; pronotum 
obscurely rugulose, very thickly and strongly darkly punctate, 
lateral angles somewhat prominent and rounded ; scutellum thickly 
darkly punctate, slightly rugulose at base ; corium thickly and 
darkly punctate ; abdomen above black, the connexivum luteous 
punctured with black : body beneath pale luteous, more or less 
suffused with greenish. 

Allied to the preceding species, but differing by its smaller size 
and shorter antenna? ; it is also more straightened and narrowed 
than that species, and the structure of the pronotum is different. 

Length 11 to 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Punjab ; Murree (Stoliczha). Kashmir (vide Horvath). 



CARPOCOEIS. 



157 




Fig. 93. — Palomencc spinosa. 



b. Pronotal angles prominently and S2nnously produced. 
258. Palomena spinosa, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1880, p. 149, t. 5, f. 3. 

Above green, thickly, coarsely, and darkly punctate;' head with 

the lateral lobes longer than 
tlie_ central and cleft at 
their apices ; antennae with 
the first, second, and third 
joints gi^een, fourth (ex- 
cepting base) and whole of 
fifth brown, second longer 
than third, fourth and 
fifth snbequal ; pronotum 
coarsely punctate, some- 
what sparingly so on disk, 
with the lateral angles 
produced into broad ob- 
tusely pointed spines, some- 
what rounded and narrowly black at apices ; scutellum thickly 
punctate, more sparingly so at apex ; membrane brassy, shining ; 
connexivum narrowly luteous on outer margin and at segmental 
incisures : body beneath paler, disk of abdomen, coxa), and bases 
of femora somewhat luteous ; legs green, tarsi brown ; rostrum 
luteous, its apex black. 

Length I'd to 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to 
10 millim. 

Ilab. Sind (Coll. Dist.). 

259. Palomena imicolor, Westw. (Pentatoma) in Hope Cat i p 41 
(1837) ; Dist. P. Z. S. 1900, p. 811, pi. lii, f. 5. ' 

x\llied to the preceding species (P. spinosa)., but with the pronotal 
angles more acute, body a little narrower and more elongate. 
Length 16; breadth between pronotal angles S millim. 
Hah. Bengal (Oxford Museum). 

Genus CARPOCORIS. 

Carpocovis, Kolenati, MeJet. Ent. iv, p. 45 (1846) ; Muls. Sf Rey 
Pun. Frajice, Pent. p. 237 (1866) : Stal, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. IS7=> 
3, p. 37. ' * "' 

Mormidea (part.), Amy. ^ Serv. Hem. p. 134 (1843). 

Subg. Antheminia, Muls. ^ Rey, Pun. France, Pent. p. 254 (1866). 

Type, C. lynx^ Fabr., a Paloearctic species. 

Distribution. Pala3arctic Region and Northern India. 

Head moderately elongate, the lateral lobes a little longer than 
the centi'al, apex somewhat truncate ; first joint of antennae not 
reaching apex of head ; pronotum with the lateral maro-ins 
oblique, lateral angles obtusely subprominent, the anterior lateral 
margins acutely reflexed ; frena not extending beyond the middle 
of the scutellum. 



158 



PENTAIOMIDiE. 




Fig. 94. — Carpocoris nic/ricornis 



260. Carpocoris nigricornis, Fabr. (Cimex) Fid. Syst. iv,p. 94 (1794) ; 

Dist. Sec. Yarkaml Miss., Ehynch. p. 5 (1879) ; et syn. cf. LetJu 
S,- Set: Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 1-22 (1893). 

Ocbraceous, somewhat thicklj' punctate, corium often more or 

less purplish ; antenna? and 
lateral margins of head and eyes 
black ; pronotum with four lon- 
gitudinal series of fasciate black 
punctures, which are sometimes 
almost obsolete and generally do 
not extend beyond the apical 
area ; lateral angles sometimes 
black ; connexivum punctately 
black on each side of the in- 
cisures ; body beneath and legs 
ocbraceous ; apex of the rostrum 
black. 

Length 11 to 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles G| to 8 millim. 

Mah. Kashmir; Sind Valley (StoliczJca). Simla {Coll. Dist.). — 

A somewhat common Palsearctic species. I have received it from 

Shantung in Nortb China and from Japan, and it was collected 

by Stoliczka near Tarkand. 

261. Carpocoris pallidus, Dull (Pentatoma) List Hem. \, p. 234 (1851) : 

Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 436 (1899). 
Carpocoris fuscispiuus (part.), Leth. S,- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. ]21 

(1893). 
Carpocoris nigTicornis (part.), Let/i. S,- Sev. loc. cit. p. 122. 

A species closely allied to G. nigricornis., and differing only by 
tbe more elongate body and by the lateral angles of the pronotum, 
which are only subprominent. 

Lengtb 14; breadth between jn-onotal angles 1h millim. 

Hah. Xorth India {Brit. Mas.). 



Genus CODOPHILA. 

Codophila, Muls. S) Bey, Pun. France, Pent. p. 237 (1866) ; Stal, Of v. 
J'et.-AA: Forh. 1872, 3, p. 38. 

Type, C. varia, Fabr., a Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Pala'arctic and western portion of the Oriental 
Eegion ; also recorded from Abyssinia. 

Allied to Carpocoris, but differing by having the anterior lateral 
margin of the pronotum obtuse, not acutely reflexed. 

262. Codophila maculicoUis, Hall. (Pentatoma) List Hem. i, p. 234 
(18ol) ; Stal, Fn. Hem. v, p. 76 (1876). 
Pentatoma arabica, Stdl, Of v. Vet.-Al-. Forh. 1854, p. 233. 

Ocbraceous, somewhat sparingly and coarsely punctate ; antennae, 
two central fascise to head (converging anteriorly), four longitudinal 



DOLTCOEIS. 



159 



fasciae to pronotum, the central pair confined to the anterior area, 
black ; basal area of pronotum castaneously punctate ; scutellum 
with six black spots, four basal, the two central longest, and two 
subapical ; corium much punctured with dark castaneous or black. 





Fig. 95. — Codophila macuUcoUis. 

the basal lateral margin impunctate ; membrane dark fuliginous ; 
connexivum ochraceous, black at incisures : body beneath ochraceous, 
spots on lateral segmental areas of sternum, stigmata, and marginal 
spots to abdomen black ; legs, excluding femoral bases, brownish- 
ochraceous. 

Length 14 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Bombay {CoU. Dist.).—A\m 
recorded from Arabia and Abyssinia. 



Genus DOLYCORIS. 



238 



Carpocoris, subtj. Dolycoris, Muh, ^- Rey, Pun. France, Pent, p 

(1866). 

Dolycoris, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.- Ah. Fork. 1872, 3, p. 38 ; En. Hem. v, p. 57 
(1876). 
Type, D. baccarum, Linn. 

Distribution. Palcsarctic Eegion. British India. Formosa. 
Closely allied to the two preceding genera {Carpocoris and Codo- 
pJiila), but differing from both by having the frena extending beyond 
the middle of the scutellum. 

263. Dolycoris baccarum, Linn. (Cimex) Faun. Suec. i\, pp. 219, 928 
(1761) ; Hall. (Pentatoma, part.) List Hem. i, p. 235 (1851) ; Dist. 
See. Yarkand 3£iss., Phynch. p. 5 (1879). 

Cimex verbasci, He G'eer, Mem. iii, p. 257, pi. 14, f. 5 (1773). 

Cimex iiehulosus, Poda, Ind. Mus. Graec. 56. 8 (1761). 

Cimex subater, Harris, Exj). Emjl. Ins. p. 90, t. 26 (1781). 

Cimex albidiis, Gmel. Syst. Ned. xiii, p. 2161. 600 (1788), 

iElia depressa, Westxo. in Hope Cat. p. 32 (1837). 

Pentatoma inconcisa, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 301 (1867). 

Var. brevipilis, Reid. Ofv. Finska Vet. Sec. Fork. 1891, p. 176. 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly punctate ; antennae black, basal 
joint and bases of the remaining joints luteous ; apical margins 



160 



PENTATOMID.E. 



•of the lateral lobes to bead, lateral margins of pronotum, apex of 
scutellum, body beneath, and legs luteous ; small black spots near 
-coxae ; lateral areas of the presternum and disk of the abdomen 
sparsely blackly punctate, connexivuin spotted with black at the 
incisures ; stigmata and marginal abdominal spots black ; membrane 
greyish, the veins a little darker. 

Length 12 to 14 millim. 

Ilah. Kashmir; Sind Valley (/SVoZr'cr/c'a). Bangalore (CrtJ/u'ron). — 
A common Palsearctic species found generally throughout the region. 

2QA. Dolycoris indicus, Stal, En. Hem. v, p. 76 (1876) ; Horv. Tennesz. 
Filzetek, xii, p. 31 (1889). 

Closely allied to the preceding species, but differing by the 

narrower form ; head, pro- 
notum, and scutellum less 
densely punctate ; mem- 
brane longer ; anterior 
lateral margins of the pro- 
notum more broadly pallid, 
sparingly punctured with 
black at base. 

Length 9 J millim. 

Hah. Ndga Hills {Chen- 
nell)\\ Darjeeling. Bombay 
(Leith) ; Dekhan, Banga- 

T.. ar. n ; ■ ■ T. lore, Calcutta (/n(^. il/ws.). 

Fig. 96. — Dolycoris indtcus. ' *- ^ 






Division JUSCHliOCORARlA. 

A division at present represented only by two genera in this 
fauna and marked by very distinct characters. The head is long, 
Avith the lateral lobes much longer than the centi-al ; the pro- 
uotal angles are very prominently dilated; the scutellum is broad 
and short ; the membrane has the veins more or less reticulate 
-and does not reach the apex of the abdomen. 

Syno/>sis of Genera. 

A. L<ateral lobes of head with their apices 

acuminate. Body subelongate ; pronotal 

angles directed forwardly Scylax, p. 160. 

B. Lateral lobes of head with their apices 

subtrancate. Body short and broad ; 

pronotal angles laterally produced .... ^Esohrocoris, p. 162. 

Genus SCYLAX. 

Scylax, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 315. 

Type, S. porrectus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present known only from Brit. India. 

Head much longer than broad, lateral lobes much longer than 



SCYLAX. 



1(31 



central and slightly concave, their apices obtusely pointed and 
divided in I'emale, laut apparently meeting or coalesced in male ; 
second joint of antennae barely reaching apex of head. Prouotum 
about twice as broad as long, the lateral angles strongly produced 
forwards into robust obtuse spines, the apices of which are about 
parallel to the eyes. Scutellum short, its length less than its 
breadth at base, the lateral margins obliquely directed inward to 
about middle, and then straight to near apex, which is broadly 
rounded ; corium short, inner angle not reaching apex of scutellum; 
membrane not reaching apex of abdomen, the veins more or less 
reticidate. E-ostrum stout, reaching the posterior cox?e ; meso- 
sternum centrally carinate. 



265. Scylax porrectus, Dist. Tr. U. S. 1887, p. 345, pi. 1-2, f. 7. 

Body above ochraceous ; head, pronotum, and scutellum some- 
what thickly punctate ; pronotum with one short central levigate 

linear and two short transverse 
spots; scutellum with a cen- 
ti'al longitudinal levigate fascia 
which possesses a median series 
of minute punctures, aud a few 
scattered punctures on each 
side ; corium with the costal 
area very sparingly and finely 
punctate, the inner area 
coarsely and somewhat thickly 
punctate ; membrane pale 
brownish - ochraceous ; body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; 
the body somewhat finely and 
darkly punctate and with a 
central and two sublateral 
fasciae formed of blackish punctures ; legs speckled with brownish. 
Lateral lobes of head divided to near apex of central lobe ; 
membrane extending to about half of the anal appendage. 
Length 15 millim. 

Hab. India (AtJdnson). Probably obtained in North-eastern 
Lidia. 




Fig. 97. — Sci/lax porrectus. 



26(S. Scylax macrinus, Dist. Tr. K S. 1887, p. 346, pi. 12, f. 9. 

Closely allied to S. porrecUis, but differing by the somewhat 
smaller size, the lateral lobes of the head only divided for a sliort 
distance before the apex (coalesced in male), and the membrane not 
reaching the apex of the last abdominal segment. 

Length 14 to 15 millim. 

Hab. Sikhim {Atkinson). 



162 



PEISTATOMIU.'E. 



Geuus ^SCHROCORIS. 

/Esohrus, D(dl. List Hem. i, p. 220 (18.51), nom. pneocc. 
^schrocoris, Ber(ir. Ent. Nachr. xiii, p. 152 (1887). 

Type, JE. ohscurns, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Head elongated, lateral margins slightly concave, apex truncate, 
lateral lobes much longer than central and meeting in front of it, 
apical angles obtusely acute ; antenna; ti^•e-jointed, basal joint not 
nearly reaching apex of head ; rostrum passing the posterior coxse ; 
pronotum more than twice as broad as long, its lateral angles pro- 
duced in stout, somewhat cylindrical processes directed slightly 
upwards and forwards, their apices emarginate and deflected. 
Scutellum broad, short, its length much less than its width at base, 
its basal area gibbous, its apex tuberculate : corium small and short ; 
membrane with reticulated veins. Body beneath strongly convex, 
abdomen with a small tubercle at the lateral posterior angle of each 
segment ; mesosterniuu broadly sulcate. 



267. .ffischrocoris obscurus, Dall. (.Eschrus) List Hem. i, p. 221, pi. 8, 
f. 4 (1851). 

Brownish- ochraceous ; head, apices of pronotal angles, a spot in 
each basal angle, and the apical tubercle to scutellum brassy-black; 




Fig. 'J8. — JEschrovoris obscano^. 

body beneatli blaciv, with scattered brownisli-ochraceous elevations; 
legs brownish-ochraceous, femora brownly pinictate, with base, 
apex, and an annulation before apex black ; tibiie with base and a 
central annulation black ; antennae and rostrum piceous. The 
body both above and beueath is thickly and eoarselj^ punctate. 

Length 8 to 9 ; width between pronotal angles 7 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Assam ; Marglierita, Naga Hills {Doherty). 
Burma ; Karennee {Fea). Teuasserim ; Myitta {DoJierty). — 
The species was originally described from Java. 



^SCHROCORIS. 163 

268. .ffischrocoris tuberculatus, *S?a/ (^Eschrus), Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 

I860, p. 169. 

Allied to ufE. ohscnrus, but paler in hue ; head rather shorter, disk 
of prouotum bitubei'culate and the lateral pronotal angles shorter : 
prouotum with a median longitudinal ridge and two transverse 
ridges on disk ; apices of the pronotal lateral angles emarginate 
and furnished with a small tubercle in the centre ; scutellum 
terminating in a concolorous tubercle. 

Length 6 to Tg ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 miUim. 

Hab. Sikhim. Garo Hills (Cheunell), Naga Hills {Doherti/). 
Burma ; Karennee, Bhamo, Palon (Feci). 

269. iEschrocoris ceylonicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 439 (1899). 

Head black with coppery reflections ; pronotum, scutellum, and 
corium ochraceous, sparingly and very coarsely darkly punctate : 
pronotum \\ith the darli punctures some\^'hat confluent on the 
anterior area, the lateral angles strongly produced, slightly curved 
backward, extreme apex finely acute, the apex and margins 
blackish ; scutellum with a somewhat large black foveate spot in 
each basal angle ; membrane pale brownish, the veins black ; body 
beneath and legs dark ochraceous, sparingly and coarsely blackly 
punctate ; head, pronotal angles beneath, central longitudinal area 
of abdomen, bases, apices, and a subcentral annulatiou to femora, 
bases and a central annulatiou to tibia?, black. 

Length 6 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hab. Cevlon (Green). 7;.^' 

A species to be distinguished by the peculiar pronotal angles. 

y 

Division EUSARCOGOBIABIA. 

This division includes a group of genera in which the scutellum 
is always broad, sometimes short and broad, or, as in Sepontia, 
extending to the apex of tlie abdomen ; and with the exception of 
Cratonotvs, a genus somewhat difficult to locate, the body also is 
short and broad, the lobes of the head are about equal in length, 
or very slightly varying in this respect, the lateral lobes never 
meeting in front of the central lobe as in some preceding divisions. 

Si/nopsis of Genera. 

I. Body short and broad, its length much less 
than twice breadth of pronotmii. 

A. vScutellum reaching apex of abdomen. . . . Sepoxtia, p. 164. 

B. ScuteUuni more than half the length of 

abdomen, 
a. Head broad, not acuminate. 

(I. Scutelhmi but little narrowed on pos- Y 

terior half, almost as long as corium E#sarcocoris, p. 165. 

M 2 



164 



PENTAXOMIDJE. 



h. Scutellum distinctly apically narrowed 

and distinctly shorter than corium . . Caebula, p. 170. 

b. Head long, tapei'ing, acuminate Hermolaus, p. 169. 

11. Body long, about twice as long as breadth of 
pronotum. 
C. Scutellum only about half the length of 

abdomen . . .' Oeatonotus, p. 1 73. 



Genus SEPONTIA. 

Sepontia, StB, Hem. Aft: i, p. 133 (1864); id. En. Hem. v, p. 80 

(1876). 
Cfenina, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 82 (1867). 

Type, /S'. misella, Stal, an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Eastern Palffarctic 
Regions. 

Body obovate, very convex above and beneath ; head depressed 
anteriorly, almost perpendicularly, lobes of equal length or central 
lobe slightly prominent ; rostrum reaching the third or fourth 
abdominal segment ; antennae five-jointed, basal joint not reaching 
the apex of head ; pronotum strongly deflected anteriorly ; scu- 
tellum large, convex, extending to the apex of the abdomen, the 
lateral areas of the corium only exposed. 

270. Sepontia stigmatica, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) iv, p. 439 (1899). 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly and darkly punctate ; head, a 

wide anterior collar to the pronotum (sometimes divided at the 

centre into two large 
transverse subquadrate 
spots), and a large tri- 
angular spot at base of 
scutellum bronzy-black ; 
autennse ochraceous, api- 
cal joints darkest (some- 
what variable in this 
respect) ; scutellum with 
a small ochraceous levigate 
spot on basal margin at 
each side of the dark 
triangular spot : body be- 
neath blackish : marginal 
spots at sternal segmental 

incisures, apex of abdomen, a narrow macular lateral abdominal 

margin, rostrum, and legs ochraceous. 

Var. Scutellar basal black spot continued by two narrow fasciae 

to apex. 

Le^igth 4 to Ah millim. 
Hah. Ceylon (Lewis). 




Fig. 99. — Sepontia stigmatica. 



EUSARCOCOEIS. 165 

271. Sepontia variolosa, Wall: (Cteniua) Cat. Het. \, p. 82 (1867). 

(3cbraceous, thickly brownly punctate ; head, anterior area of 
prouotum, basal margin of scutellum, and body beneath dark 
brassy -green ; a small spot in front of each eye, and the lateral 
and anterior margins of the pronotum levigate ochraceous ; two 
central spots on anterior area of prouotum, three at basal margin 
of scutellum, legs, antenna3, and a series of small marginal spots 
to abdomen, luteous ; bases of femora brassy-green ; a subtriaagular 
discal castaneous spot to scutellum. 

Leugth 3 millim. 

Hah. Burma {Mrs. Waring., Brit. Mus.). 

Genus EUSARCOCORIS. 

^'Eysarcoris, Halm, Wanz. ii, p. 06 (1834). 
^Eysarcocoris, Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 185 (1864). 

Eusarcoris, Puton, Cat. 1866, p. 11. 

Analocus, Stdl, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1872, No. 3, p. 36. 

Stollia, JEllenried. Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl, Ind. xxiv, p. 149 (1862) $ 
Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. .510. 

Type, E. aeneus, Scop., a Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Palc"eai"ctic, Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australian 
Regions. 

Body obovate, moderately broad and somewhat strongly convex 
beneath ; head deflected, its apex rounded, the central lobe either 
as long as lateral lobes or slightly prominent ; antennae with the 
basal joint not reaching or nearly reaching the apex of head ; 
pronotum anteriorly deflected; scutellum about as long as its breadth 
at base, or a little longer, frena not extending beyond its middle. 

a. Pronotal anrjles more or less prominent. 

272. EusarcOCOris guttiger, Thunb. ( Cimex) Nov. Ins. Sj). ii, p. 32, 

t. 2, f. 47 (1783) ; Stdl (Stollia), Fn. Hem. v, p. 81 (1876) ; Ball. 
List Hem. i, p. 228 (18-51). 
Pentatoma nepalensis & puuctipes, Westw. in Hope Cat. \, p. 36 

(1837). 

Obscure luteous, thickly punctured ^^ith bronzy-black, the 
punctures nearly confluent on the head, anterior area of the pro- 
uotum, and lateral angles of the pronotum ; extreme lateral 
margins of the pronotum, a somewhat large spot near each basal 
angle of the scutellum, and the apical margin (narrowly) of the 
same, levigate, luteous ; antennae ochraceous, apical joint (excluding 
base) piceous : body beneath and legs ochraceous and blackly 
punctate ; central area of sternum black, opaque ; abdomen 
(excluding lateral and apical margins) shining black. Lateral angles 
of the pronotum obtusely promiuent. 

Var. In some specimens the levigate angular spots at base o 
scutellum are very small or practically obsolete. 



166 



PENTATOMID^. 



Leugth 51 to 5^ ; breadth between prouotal angles 4i millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. '^•Ag^W\\\s(Doherty). 'Romh^j (Leith). Calcutta 
{Ind. 3hts.). Ceylon (Green). Burma ; Bhamo, Karennee, Palon 
(Feci), Minhla (Comotto). Tenasseriiu ; Plapoo, Malewoon (Feci). — 
Eeported from China, and common in Japan. 

273. Eusarcocoris montivagus, sp. n. 

Allied to E. giittiger, but differing by the more produced prouotal 
angles, the narrower and more laterally sinuate scutellum, the 
abdomen beneath with a central angulate fascia, not the whole disk, 
brassy-black ; apical joint of antennae brownish-ochraceous, not 




Fig. 100. — Eusarcocoris onontwagus. 



lobe of head usually defined by a levigate 
the lateral margins of scutellum moi'e or less 



piceous ; central 
ochraceous line ; 
brassy-black. 

Length 5 to 5i; breadth between prouotal angles 4-1- to 5 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Assam : Garo Hills (CJiennell) ; Naga Hills 
(Dolierty); Margherita (Incl. Mus.). Pegu (Coll. D^st.). 



274. Eusarcocoris aenescens, Wcilk. (Iloplistodera) Cat. Het. ii, p. 266 

(1867). 

Much resembling the preceding species E. montivagus, but the 
lateral angles of the pronotum acute with their apices very 
slightly recurved ; sternum beneath somewhat confluently punc- 
tured with brassy-black, abdomen marked as in E. guttiger ; apical 
joints of the antennae, excluding base, piceous. 

Var. In some specimens the head is brassy-green, in others 
brassy-black. 

Length 6^ ; breadth between prouotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty).- — The type was from 
Borneo. 



EUSAROOCORIS. 167 

275. Eusarcocoris rosaceus, Dist. Tr. E, 8. 1901, p. 109. 

Ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate, finely and very thickly 
on head, more coarsely and sparingly on pronotnm, scutelluui, and 
eorium ; head with a central pale levigate longitudinal line not 
quite reaching apex ; antennae ochraceous ; pronotum with the 
anterior and lateral margins palely levigate, the lateral angles 
rosaceous, two clusters of dark punctures on each side of the 
anterior area ; scutellum with a large rounded pale levigate spot 
near each basal angle ; membrane pale brownish hyaline : body 
beneath ochi'aceous, thickly and darkly punctate ; abdomen with a 
broad central greenish-black fascia, its lateral margins somewhat 
paler, with the stigmata and a series of small marginal spots 
black; legs ochraceous, finely spotted with black. Head long, 
almost as long as pronotmn, which has the lateral angles strongly 
and robustly produced, their apices broadly subacute. 

Length 6 to 6^ ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 5^ millim. 

Bah. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 

b. Pronotal angles not jprominent. 

276. Eusarcocoris ventralis, Wesfw. (Pentatoma) in Hope Cat. i, 

p. 36 (1837). 
Eysarcoris distacta, Dall. List Hem. \, p. 226 (1851) ; Atk. (Stollia) 
J. A. S. 5. Ivii, p. 40 (1888). 

Brownish-ochraceous, somewhat thickly darkly punctate, anterior 
area of the pronotum luteous, sparsely darkly punctate and 
with two large transverse brassy-black spots ; head brassy-black ; 
lateral margin of pronotum and a somewhat large rounded spot 
near each basal angle of the scutellum levigate, luteous ; apex of 
scutellum sometimes margined with black punctures : body beneath 
and legs ochraceous, darkly pnnctate; central disk of abdomen 
brassy-black ; antennae ochraceous, with the apical joint brownish- 
ochraceous. 

Length 5^ to 6^ ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 
4| millim. 

Hab. Hanchi; Homhaj (Leith). Oalcntta (Ind. Mus.) ; Bangalore. 
Burma ; Teinzo, Yenangyoung, Bhamo (Fea). — Also received from 
the Malay Peninsula. 

277. Eusarcocoris inconspicuus, Hen-.-Sch. (Peutatoma) Wanz. Ins. 

vii, p. 93 (1844). 
Eysarcoris misella, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 135 (1864). 
Eysarcoris epistomalis, Muls. ^- Rey, Pun. Fr. p. 177 (1866). 
Eysarcoris pasillus, Costa, Cim. Cent. See. decas 6-10, p. 24 (1847). 
Eusai'coris pseudoaeneus, Jakowl. Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross, vi, p. 117 

(1869). 
Var. Eysarcoris simplex, Puto7i, Si/najJS. ii, p. 55 (1881). 

Luteous, thickly brownly punctate ; auterior half of pronotum 
much paler and containing two bronzy-green transverse spots ; 



K^b PEJfTATOMID.^. 

head bronzy-green, thickly punctate : a levigate luteous spot near 
each basal angle of the scutellum : body beneath, legs, antennae, 
and rostrum luteous ; abdomen with a broad central bronzy-black 
fascia ; pronotal angles subprominent but not produced. 

Length 5 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3^ millim. 

Bab. North-west India (Brit. Mus.). — Also found generally in 
the Palaearctic Eegion, in South Africa, and recorded from the 
Philii^pines. 



278, Eusarcocoris sindelliis, sp. u. 

Ochraceous, thickly darkly punctate ; head brassy-black, with the 
apical margins and a central fascia ochraceous ; two transverse 
spots with their apical areas brassy-black on anterior area of 
pronotum ; a small levigate luteous spot near each basal angle of 
scutellum, which is some-what elongate and gradually narrowed 
postei'iorly ; antennae with the apical joint infuscated : body 
beneath and legs ochi-aceous, finely punctate ; abdomen with a 
broad central brassy-black or castaneous fascia, narrowing pos- 
teriorly ; rostrum just passing the intermediate coxae, its apex 
piceous. 

Length 5 to 5-1- ; breadth between pronotal angles 3-^ millim. 

Mah. Sind (Coll. Blst.). 

A species allied to E. incons^ncuus, Herr.-Seh., and E. scutellaris, 
Jakowl., both Palaearctic species *. 

279. Eusarcocoris dubius, DalL List Hem. i, p. 227 (1851) ; Bohm, 

Steit. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 400 (1860) ; Stal (Stollia), En. Hem. v, 
p. 82 (1876). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly punctate ; head and two large 
transverse spots on anterior area of pronotum bronzy-black ; 
pronotum Avith the lateral angles subprominent, but not produced ; 
a somexA'hat obscure le\ igate ochraceous spot near each basal angle 
of the scutellum ; anterior lateral margin of the pronotum narrowly 
levigate : body beneath bronzy-black ; posterior sternal segmental 
margins, coxae, legs, and lateral margins of abdomen brownish- 
ochraceous, legs with black punctures ; rostrum reacliiug the 
posterior coxae : antennae ochraceous, with the two apical joints 
infuscated. 

Length 6-1 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. Berhampur {Atlinson). Tenasserim (Packman). 

* This is another instance showing, as Mr. Blanfoi-d has recently proved by 
the distribution of Vertebrates, that Sind is a Pahvarctic province (see Phil. 
Trans. Eoy. Soc. 1901, voh 194, p. 432). M. Oschanine with reference to 
Hemiptera has also remarked : " II me parait probable que la faune de 
I'extreme NO de I'lnde, e'est-a-dire celle du Siudh, doit etre adjointe a notre 
region" (" Sur les Limitesetles Subdivisions de la Region palearcdque, basees 
sur I'Etude de la Faune des Hemipteres," Congr. Zool. 1892, ii. p. 278). 



HEEMOLAUS, 169 

280. Eusarcocoris capitatus, sp. n. 

Brownish-ochi'aceoLis, thickly and rather finely punctate ; pro- 
notum tinged with castaneous, the anterior and lateral marginal 
edges, and a round spot on anterior ai-ea, fasciately connected with 
lateral margins, ochi-aceous, darkly punctate ; head elongateand some- 
what narrow, much as in the genus Sepontia, but not prominently 
deflected ; scutellum broad, much as in E. montivagus, but shorter, 
the basal area usually distirtctly darl^er in hue ; corium sparingly 
and coarsely punctate, basal lateral margins pale ochraceous : body 
beneath brovvnish-ochraceous, darkly punctate ; central area of 
meso- and metasterna, and a broad central fascia to abdomen, 
narrowed posteriorly, black ; central area and base of under 
surface of head luteous, levigate ; rostrum just passing the posterior 
coxae, its apex piceous ; antennae luteous, fourth and fifth joints 
brovvnish-ochraceous ; lateral angles of pronotum subprominent, 
rounded, with a small nodule near apex. 

Length 4 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 millim. 

Bah. Calcutta, 



Atkinson (J. A. S. B. 1888, p. 39) also enumerates E. ynujulosus. 
Walk. (Cat. Het. ii, p. 276, 1867), as belonging to the fauna of 
British India. The unique type of Walker's species cannot, however, 
now be found in the Collection of the British Museum, and without 
the type or typical specimens his species must be treated as non- 
existent. Walker's names can only be accepted as authoritative 
when his types can be x'eferred to ; his descriptions unfortunately 
are nearly always useless. 

Genus HERMOLAUS, nov. 

Type, H. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Brit. India. 

Head long, narrow, tapering anteriorly ; central lobe somewhat 
raised and prominent, its apex slightly projecting beyond the 
lateral lobes ; lateral areas deflected, lateral margins slightly 
sinuate iu front of eyes ; antennae five-jointed, basal joint not 
reaching apex of head. Rostrum long, reaching the fourth 
abdominal segment; second joint shorter than third and fourth 
together. Pronotum anteriorly deflected, anterior margin concave, 
centrally truncate, lateral angles subprominent. Scutellum broad, 
a little more than half the length of abdomen, narrowed about 
centre, its apex broadly rounded ; corium somewhat short, its 
apical angle extending but little beyoud apex of scutellum ; 
membrane a little longer than abdomen. 



170 



PENTATOMID^. 



281. Hermolaus typicus, sp. n. 

Browuish-ocliraceous, thickly punctate, the anterior area of 

pronotum and the scutellum 
paler in hue ; head some- 
what fuscous ; antennae 
luteous, apical joint a little 
darker ; anterior area of pro- 
notum with two transverse 
brownish spots ; abdomen 
above castaneous ; connexi- 
\'um luteous, spotted with 
castaneous ; scutellum with 
a minute levigate spot near 
each basal angle : body be- 
neath and legs hiteous, body 
punctured with castaneous, most thickly so on lateral areas ; abdo- 
men with a broad maculate central pale castaneous fascia ; apex of 
rostrum piceous. 

Length 5 ; breadth between pronotal angles 2i millim. 
Hah. Nilgiri Hills ; Ootacamund {Atlcinson, Brit. Mus.). 




Fig. 101. — Hermolaus ti/picus. 



Genus CARBULA. 

Carbula, Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 140 (1864) j id. En. Hem. v, pp. 60 & 
82 (1876). 

Type, C. decorata., JSign., an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Kegions. 

Body broadly oval or obovate, beneath convex. Head rounded 
or somew hat truncated at apex, lobes about equal in length ; 
rostrum with the first joint equal to or extending a little beyond 
the bucculae, second joint about equal to or a little longer than 
the last two joints taken together ; antennae with the first joint 
not reaching the apex of the head. Pronotum with the anterior 
lateral margins generally obtuse, never acute, terminated by a 
levigate edge which is rarely crenulated ; scutellum broad, trian- 
gular, a little longer than broad at base ; comiexivum moderately 
exposed. 

a. Lateral anrjles of the pronotum promineat, sometimes 
acutely produced. 

282. Carljula crassiventris. Ball. (Pentatoma) 7'r. K S. v, p. 189 

(1849). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and coai'sely punctate ; antennae, 
rostrum, body beneath, and legs ochraceous; body and legs blackly 



CAEBULA. 



171 



punctate ; apex of rostrum, a central spot (more or less distinct) on 

each of the two terminal 
abdominal segments, the 
stigmata and small marginal 
spots, black ; lateral ab- 
dominal margins distinctly 
paler; anterior latei'al mar- 
gins of the pronotum 
luteous, levigate, inwardly 
margined with black punc- 
tures ; pronotal angles 
broadly produced, their 
apices obtuse and slightly 
paler and levigate ; rostrum 
just passing the posterior 
coxae. 

Length 8; breadth between 
pronotal angles 6 millim. 
Hah. Bhutan {Brit. Mus.). Naga Hills (Doherttj). Burma; 

Eangoon, Karennee, Mt. Mooleyit (Fea). West Yunnan (Coll. 

Dist. ). 




Fiff. la^.— Carhula crassivcntris. 



283. Carbula indica, Westw. (Peutatoma) in Hope Cat. i, p. 42 (18:37). 
Carbula fiisca, Hist. Tr. H. S. 1887, p. 346. 

Allied to C. crassiventris, DalL, but with the pronotal angles less 
produced and more or less concave beneath, their apices broadly 
subacute ; rostrum reaching the third abdominal segment ; abdomen 
beneath with a bi'oad central black fascia with its margins notched. 

Length 7 to 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 6 millim. 

Hub. Nepal. Sikhim ; Darjiling, Kurseong {Incl. 3Ius.). 



284. Carbula rugulosa, sp. n. 

Ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate, head and lateral angles 
of the pronotum somewhat brassy-black ; pronotum with the 
lateral angles obtusely prominent, with a central longitudinal 
carinate line, and on the anterior half with some rugulose and 
reticulate elevated lines; corium interiorly somewhat levigately 
rugulose; membrane fuliginous: body beneath, antennae, rostrum, 
and legs luteous ; body and legs blackly punctate ; fifth and sixth 
abdominal segments each with a large central brassy-black spot ; 
rostrum reaching posterior cox.ie, its apex piceous. 

Length 7 to 8 : breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 44 millim. 

Hah. jNilgiri Hills ; Ootacamund (AtJdnson, Brit. Ahis.). 

Allied to C. indica, Westw., but differing by the lateral lobes 
of the head being slightly longer than the central, by the rugulose 
markings to the pronotum and corium, and by less prominent 
pronotal angles. 



172 PENTATOMID,^. 

285. Carbula prodiicta, Distr. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 110. 
Ochraceous, coarsely punctate ; head very thickly and darkly 

punctate, the apex of the central lobe ochraceous ; antennae with 
the first, second, and third joints ochraceous, fourth and fifth 
black with their bases ochraceous ; pronotum coarsely and darkly 
punctate, the lateral angles black, anterior lateral margins luteous, 
levigate ; scutellum coarsely and darkly punctate, with a small 
levigate luteous spot in each basal angle ; corium more thickly 
punctate and slightly rugulose, basal lateral margin luteous, levigate; 
membrane pale hyaline : body beneath and legs ochraceous ; 
lateral areas of the sternum and abdomen Avith scattered dark 
punctures ; stigmata and an abdominal lateral marginal series of 
small spots, black ; legs finely black-spotted. Head somewhat 
narrow, long, and tapering ; lateral angles of pronotum strongly 
and robustly produced. 

Length 7^ to 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hab. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 

286. Carbula sciitellata, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 347. 

Luteous, coarsely brownly punctate ; antennae luteous, somewhat 
infuscated at apex ; pronotum with the lateral margins levigate, 
the lateral angles produced into long acute black spines ; scutellum 
luteous, sparingly and coarsely darkly punctate, the punctures 
usually thickest at lateral margins and sometimes at base, a large 
spot at each basal angle and the apex im punctate, corium usually 
with a purplish tinge ; membrane pale hyaliue ; connexivum 
luteous with black spots : body beneath and legs luteous, with a 
feiv scattered black punctures on disk and femora; the margins 
and apices of the under surface of pronotal angles black. 

Length 8: breadth between pronotal angles bh miUim. 

Hah. North Khasi Hills {Chenndl):, Bomhuy [Leitli). Burma; 
Moulmein (Feci). 

287. Carbula socia, IJ'alk. (Mormidea) Cat. Het. ii, p. 262 (1867). 
iMormidea similis, Kirhy, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. xxiv. p. 82 (1891). 

Allied to the preceding species C. scutellata, but differing by the 
pronotal angles, M'hich are much more obtuse ; head broader and 
less narrowed anteriorly, scutellum more thickly punctate, &c. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 miUnn. 

Hah. Bombay (LeitJi). Ceylon {Leivis). 

288. Carbula biguttata, Fabr. (Coreus) Ent Syst. iv, p. 129 (1794) ; 

Stdl, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 25 (1868); id. En. Hem. \, p. 83 

(1876). 

Cimex bhiotatus, Fabr. Syst. Rhyng. p. 165 (1803). 
Pentatoma obscura, JVesttv. in Hope Cat. i, p. 35 (1837) ; Dist. 

(Carbula) P. Z. S. 1900, p. 812. 

Above dark brownish-ochraceous and thickly and darkly 
punctate ; anterior lateral margins of pronotum and basal lateral 



CRATOXi )TLTS. 1 73 

margins of corium bright reddish-ochraceous ; lateral angles of 
pronotuin broadly black, their apices subacute and very sHghtly 
directed backward : a luteous levigate spot at each basal angle 
of scutellum ; abdomen above bluish-black, connexivum reddish- 
ochraceous spotted with blaclt : body beneath, antennae, legs, and 
rostrum ochraceous ; apex of rostrum and disk of abdomen piceous ; 
lateral areas of sternum and abdomen somewhiit thickly blackly 
punctate ; lateral margins of pro- (excluding lateral angles), 
meso-, and metasterna ochraceous. 

Length S^ ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. N.W. Himalaya {Coll. Dlst.). Bombay (Leith). 

h. Lateral angles of the pronotum subjrromtHent, rounded. 

2S9. Carbula insocia, IValk. (J-^ysarcoris) Cat. Het. iii, p. 556 (18G8) : 
Did. P. Z. S. 1900, p. 812. 
Pentatoma bimaculata, Westic. in Hope Cat. i. p. 35 (1837 j. 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly, finely, and darkly punctate ; a 
small luteous levigate spot at each basal angle of "the scutellum ; 
antennae, anterior lateral margins of the pronotum, basal lateral 
margins of the corium, connexivum, body beneath, and legs, 
ochraceous ; connexivum spotted with black : body beneath blackly 
punctate, the punctures very thick on the under surface of the 
pronotal lateral angles ; disk of abdomen with a more or less 
continuous broad black fascia which narrows posteriorly ; lateral 
margins of abdomen with a series of small black spots at apices of 
incisures ; rostrum reaching posterior coxae, its apex black. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. N.W. Himalaya {Coll. Dist.). Bombay {Leith). Bangalore 
{Ind. Mus.). 

Genus CRATONOTUS.; 

Cratonotus, Bist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 50 (1879). 

Type, C. coloratus, Dist. 

Distribution. Oriental Region. 

Head broad, about as long as broad, latex-al margins n)oderately 
sinuate and reflexed, the lateral lobes a little longer than the 
central and broadly divided at their apices ; antennae five-jointed, 
basal joint stout, not reachiug apex of head ; rostrum just passing 
posterior coxae ; pronotum twice as broad as long, raised and 
tumid at base, deflexed in front, lateral angles obtusely prominent, 
lateral margins sinuated, with their anterior portion crenulate ; 
scutellum about as broad at base as long, gradually narrowed for 
two-thirds its length and then straightened to apex, which is 
moderately broad and rounded ; membrane with longitudinal 
nervures ; abdomen widened above, connexivum a little exposed on 
each side, convex beneath ; mesosternum centrally carinate. 



174 



PENTATOMIDyD. 



290. Cratoiiotus coloratiis, Bist. A. 

Dark castauoous. somewhat shi 




Fiff. 103. — Craionotus coloraius. 



M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 50 (1879). 

uing, thickly punctured with 
black ; head black, thickly 
punctate ; anteiiuae luteous, 
rostrum brownish ; pronotum 
with the basal half rugulose 
and very coarsely punctate, 
lateral margins narrowly 
luteous, lateral angles piceous ; 
scutellum transversely rugu- 
lose, with a large irregular 
patch at base and the apex 
broadly luteous ; membrane 
shining, piceous : connexivum 
and body beneath luteous, the 
last with a broad olivaceous 
fascia on each lateral area, 
t\^'o obscure marks on disk 

luteous, apices of femora and 



and a subapical spot piceous ; legs 
tibiae and the tarsi black. 

Length 19 to 22; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 12 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; North Khasi Y{\\\ii{Chennell). Burma (Co?Z. Dist.). 



Division HOPLISTODERARIA. 

This division is allied to the preceding one by having the 
scutelluni large, broad, and neither distinctly narrawed to apex 
nor subtriangular ; the mesosternum is either sulcate or cariuate, 
and the pronotal angles spined or rounded ; the head and anterior 
area of the pronotum are usually, sometimes very strongly, de- 
flected ; the odoriferous apertures to the metasternum are also 
longer than in the previous division. Abdomen unaruied at base. 



tSj/nopsis of Genera. 

A. Mesosternum sulcate. 

a. Pronotal angles strongly and prominently 

produced. 
a. Head and anterior area of pronotum 

perpendicularly deflected Alcimocoris, p. 175. 

h. Head and anterior area of pronotum 

obliquely deflected Hoplistodeba, p. 17(). 

B. Mesosternum carinate. 

b. Pronotal angles strongly produced .... 
e. Pronotal angles romided, not produced. 

In the male anterior angles of rostral 

canal spinously produced downwards . . Axiagastus, p. 179. 



Paraceitheus, p. 178. 



ALCIMOCORIS. 



175 



Genus ALCIMOCORIS. 

Alcimiis, Dall. List Hein. i, p. 218 (I80I) ; Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 61 

(1876) (nom. prseocc). 
Mcimocoris, Bergv. Rev. d'Entom. t. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, A. lineolatus, Dall., a species found iu the Philippine 
Islands. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegiau, China and .Japan. 

Anterior area of the pronotuin and the head perpendicularly 
deflected : lateral pronotal aogles strongly produced, directed a 
little upwardly, with their apices slightly recurved and strongly 
carinated beneath ; scutellum broad, long, nearly reaching the 
apex of the body ; mesosternum sulcated ; femora with their 
apices somewhat tumescent ; tibiae distinctly furrowed above ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxse, second joint about as long 
as the third and fourth joints together ; head with the lateral 
margins strongly sinuate before the eyes, the apex of the central 
lobe a little in advance of the lateral lobes ; antenna? five-jointed, 
the basal joint short and stout, not reaching the apex of the head. 



291. Alcimocoris coronatus, StSi (Alcimns), ^«. Hem. v, p. 88 (1876) . 

Above ochraceous, very coarsely and thickly punctured with 
black ; lateral pronotal angles levigate, margined anteriorly by a 
rido-e which is abbreviated near the apex : head more finely 
punctate, with a central subbasal spot and an angulated line on 
each side beginning at the eyes ochraceous ; pronotum with the 




Fig. 104. — Alcimocoris coronahis. 

anterior area ochraceous, levigate, containing two transverse curved 
and angulated black spots ; scutellum with a long levigate ochra- 
ceous spot near each basal angle ; sternum and legs black, streaked 
and spotted with ochraceous ; abdomen ochraceous, the ventral 
incisures, stigmatal streaks, and a central longitudinal fascia 
(more or less broken) black. 



176 pejS'tatomid.t:. 

Length 8 to 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 niillim. 
Hah. Deccan (Stocl-Jiolm Mzis.). Banna ; Teiuzo, Bhamo, 
Karennee {Feci). 

292. Alcimocoris flavicornis, Dist. (Alcimus) Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 349. 

Ochraceous, thickly and coarsely blackly punctate ; head black, 
7 with three anterior lines and three small subbasal spots, ochraceous : 
' f anterior area of the pronotum black, sublevigate, with its lateral 
margins and three irregularly- shaped central spots ochraceous ; 
pronotal angles strongly prodiiced, their apices ochraceous, acutely 
pointed, extreme tips black ; scutellum with two large levigate 
ochraceous spots near basal angles, and with some irregular longi- 
tudinal linear ochraceous markings ; head beneath and prosternum 
as above, with two fused ochraceous spots on each side of eyes, apices 
of pronotal angles ochraceous as above ; remaining under surface of 
the body ochraceous, the sutures, lateral streaks, and a central 
abdominal fascia black ; rostrum and legs dark castaneous, femora 
more or less streaked with ochraceous. j .' . ^ ■ ^- . . 

Length 8 to 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 12 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. 

293. Alcimocoris parvus, sp. u. 

Ochraceous, darkly but somewhat sparingly punctate ; pronotal 
angles each with a strong groove with raised black margins on its 
upper surface, their apices sinuate, bidentate ; the posterior tooth 
ochraceous ; anterior lateral margins of pronotum, a spot behind 
each eye, some indistinct pronotal spots, a spot near each basal 
angle of scutellum, and a small spot on apical disk of corium, 
ochraceous, levigate ; lateral margins of head and margins of 
central lobe piceous ; two transverse angulated piceous spots 
on anterior area of pronotum ; membrane fuliginous ; antennae 
brownish-ochraceous : body beneath and legs ochraceous, the body 
thickly and darkly punctate ; sixth abdominal segment w ith a 
central piceous spot ; rosti'um ochraceous, its apex piceous. 

Length 6 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6.4 millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills {Doherty). 

Genus HOPLISTODEEA. 

Hoplistodera, Westio. in Hope Cat. \, p. 18 (1837) ; ^tal, 6fv. Vet.- 
Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 510. 

Type, H. testacea, "Westw., a Javau species. 

Dlstrihution. Oriental Eegion. 

Head and anterior area of pronotum obliquely, not perpendi- 
cularly, deflected ; otherwise differing from the preceding genus 
{Alcimocoris) by the pronotal spines being acuminate, scutellum 
shorter, membrane larger or more exposed, with longitudinal veins; 
corium about as long as scutellum. 



HOPLISTODEEA. 



177 



294. Hoplistodera incisa, IJi'sf. Tr. K S. 1887, p. 349, pi. 12, f. 3. 

Ochraceous with brownish tints ; head finely and sparingly 
punctate ; antennae ochraceous, becoming darker towards apex ; 
pronotum sparingly but coarsely punctate, the lateral angles pro- 
duced in robust subacute spines, their apices slightly reflexed 



'^tMr^'^'<^W5-'Cy J"-Av<.^/S<?^ 




Fig, 105. — Hoplistodera incisa, 

backward, and with a notched tubercle beneath at about half 
their length ; scutellum with the basal half sparingly, the apical 
half thickly coarsely punctate ; corium coarsely and irregularly 
punctate ; membrane pale hyaline : body beneath ochraceous, with 
a sublateral series of castaneous spots on each side ; legs pale 
luteous, femora annulated with brown near apex ; rostrum ochra- 
ceous, the apex pitchy and extending a little beyond posterior 
coxae. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. Sikhini ; Mungphu. ]Yaga Hills {Doherty). Burma ; 
Kareunee {Fea). 



295. Hoplistodera virescens, Dull. List Hem. i, p. 217 (1851), 

Head orange-yellow, brownish towards the vertex, which is 
sparingly punctate ; pronotum pale yellowish -green, moderately 
strongly punctate, with two ochraceous spots near anterior 
margin ; lateral spines nearly horizontal, acute ; scutellum testa- 
ceous, basal portion sparingly, apical more thickly, punctate, base 
with four brown spots ; corium yellowish-green, finely and 
sparingly brownly punctate ; membrane pale liyaline ; abdomen 
beneath concolorous, somewhat thickly punctate, the punctux'es 
brown on each side of disk and towards apex ; sternum pale 
ochraceous and thickly punctate ; legs ochraceous, apices of tibiae 
and basal joints of tarsi brownish ; antennae and rostrum ochra- 
ceous, two apical joints of the first fulvous, and apex of the 
second black. 

TOL, I. N 



1 78 PEXTATOMID.i:. 

This description agrees with that of Dallas, aud refers to fresh 
specimens ; ordinary examples are of a uniform ochraceous hue 
'both above and beneath. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim, 
Bab. Sikhim. Ntiga Hills {Chenuell). Burma; Ashwe Keba, 
Karennee (Fea). — Also taken by Anderson in West Yunnan. 



296. Hoplistodera recurva, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 170, pi. ii, 
f. 9. 

Ochraceous, coarsely, sparingly, aud darkly punctate ; head with 
some basal castaneous spots ; pronotum with two anterior discal 
subfoveate spots, a central submarginal spot, and a spot at base of 
posteriorly produced angles castaneous ; scutellum paler ochraceous 
on basal half, where there are four castaneous fascise, two central 
and one near each lateral margin ; membrane pale obscure hyaline: 
liody beneath ochraceous ; sternum sparingly, coarsely, and darkly 
punctate ; presternum centrally castaneous, meso- and metasterna 
more or less suffused with castaneous ; abdomen with a longi- 
tudinal fascia of dark punctures on each lateral discal area ; 
antenna? pale castaneous. The pronotal posterior angles are well 
produced, moderately recurved, A^ith their apices acute. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7| millim. 

Hab. Chakrata, North-western Himalayas (Anderson). 



Genus PAKACRITHEUS. 

Astyanax, Stal, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 511, nom. iynpoce. 
Paracritheus, Beryr. liev. d'Entom. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, P. trimaculatus, Lep. & Serv. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Body broadly obovate ; head and anterior area of pronotum 
moderately detlected ; head shghtly narrowed for\\ardly and a 
little sinuate before the eyes, its apex rounded, punctate in longi- 
tudinal series, lobes of equal length ; rostrum extending a little 
beyond the posterior coxa^ ; basal joint of antenna; not reaching 
apex of head ; pronotum with 1 he lateral angles strongly and 
acutely produced ; scutellum broad, about as long as broad at base, 
a little narro\Aed posteriorly ; corium about reaching the apex of 
abdomen, the apical angle rounded ; membrane with longitudinal 
veins ; jjiesosternum carinate ; abdomen narrowed at base. 

297. Paracritheus trimaculatus, Lep. ^- Serv. (Scutellera) Enc. Metk. 
10, p. 411 (1825) ; Germ. (Graphosoma) Zeitschr. \, p. 54 (1839); 
Dull. (Hoplistodera) List Hem. \, p. 217 (1851); <S?(?/ (Astj-anax), 
Ofc. Vet.-Al: Fork. 1870, p. 629. 

Ochraceous, thickly brownly punctate ; head with six longi- 



AXIAGASTUS. 



179 



tuclinal series of punctures, two marginal and four discal : pro- 

}iotum with t\\'o darkly- en- 
closed transverse spots on 
anterior area, lateral angles 
pale castaueous and acutely 
produced ; scutellum piceous 
at base, with a large luteous 
levigate spot near each basal 
angle and a similar transverse 
spot at apex : body beneath 
and legs ochraceous, punctured 
with castaueous, a central 
castaneous spot on apical 
segment. 

Length 9 ; breadth between 
prouotal angles 9 millim. 
Hah. Burma (Atkinson). — Common in the Malay Peninsula, 

and found in many islands of the Malayan Archipelago. 




Fig. 106. 

Paracrifheus trimaculatus. 



Genus AXIAGASTUS. 

Axiagastus, Ball. List Hem. \, p. 221 (18ol) ; 5"^^?/, bfv. Vet.-Ak. 
Fork. 1867, p. 511. 

Type, A. rosmarus, Dall. 

])istrih%(tion. Oriental and Australasian Regions. 

The principal character relied on by Dallas in the definition of 
this genus is " anterior angles of the i-ostral canal produced 
downwards into long tusk-like spines," which is a good and 




A.riarjasfiis rosmnrm^. 



<iufficienfc but somewhat sexual character found in its full develop- 
ment in the male ; the pronotal angles are rounded, not produced ; 
scutellum about as long as broad at base and nearly two-thirds 
the length of abdomen ; meso- and metasterua prominently ridged : 
abdomen unarmed at base, but with a more or less well-defined 
■central furro\^'. 



180 PENTATOMID.9^. 

298. Axiagastiis rosmarus, Dall. List Hem. \, p. 22-2, pi. 8, f. 5 
(1851). 

Ocbraceous, more or less thickly brownly punctate ; head with 
the margins and four discal series of punctures castaneous ; pro- 
notum more sparingly punctate on anterior area, the lateral 
margius pieeous ; scutellum with the base somewhat levigate, two 
large black spots on anterior disk and an arcuate black or 
castaneous spot before apex, which is luteous, levigate ; body 
beneath and legs pale ocbraceous ; prosternum, abdomen, and 
legs sparingly punctured with black ; stigmata, transverse adjacent 
streaks, and sternal lateral spots black. 

Length 10 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. Khjisi Hills {Chennell). — Also received from Siam, Celebes, 
and Philippines. 



Division ANTESTIARIA. 

In this division the scutellum is broad but somewhat dis- 
tinctly narrowed towards apex, in this respect diiferiug from the 
Hopllstoderaria ; the scutellum is usually as broad at base as long, 
but when longer always broad, with the apex rounded ; the body 
is obovate, and more or less convex above. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A, Mesosteruum centrally cariuate ; head more or 

less narrowed anteriorly. 

a. Pronotal angles rounded or subpromiuent, not 

spinously produced. 

a. Anterior lateral margins of pronotum entire, 

not callously elevated . Plautia, p. 180. 

b. Anterior and anterior lateral margius of pro- 

notum elevated and callous AktestiA; \). 183 

b. Pronotal angles spinously produced Anaca, p. 182. 

B. Mesosteruum centrally sulcata ; head as broad as 

long, not narrowed anteriorly Apines, p. 180. 



Genus PLAUTIA. 

Plautia, <S7a/, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. J'or/;. 1867, p. 514 ; id. Hem. Fabi: i, 
p. 3-2 (1868) ; En. Hem. x, p. 92 (1876). 

Type, F. Jimbriaia, Eabr. 

Distribution. Oriental and Australasian Eegions ; Madagascar. 

Body broadly obovate ; head rounded at the apex, emarginate 
in front of eyes, lobes of equal length ; rostrum extending beyond 
the posterior coxse ; first joint of antennae not reaching apex of 
head; pronotum with the lateral angles rounded, not prominent ; 
scutellum moderately short and broad, more or less distinctly 



PLAUTIA. 



181 



narrowed towards apex, about as long as broad at base ; meso- 
sternum centrally carinate ; abdomen centrally obscurely tiiber- 
culate but not spined at base. 



29d. Plautia fimbriata, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. Ins. ii, p. 295 (1787) ; 

Dall. (Pentatoma) List U em. i, p. 251 (1851); Stal, Hem. Afr. i, 

p. 191 (1864). 
Pentatoma fimbriolatuiu, Hen-.-Schiiff. Wanz. Ins. \n, p. 102, f. 768 

(1844). 
Pentatoma crossota, Dall. List Hem. \, p. 252 (1851). 
Ehapbigaster rufoviridis, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 364 (1867). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum briglit pale olivaceous-green, 
tbe last witb tbe apical mai'gin narrovvl}^ greyisb ; corium purplisli- 
red, the lateral margin green, and frequently with a more or less 
Avell-defiued posterior discal spot ; membrane fuliginous, darker at 
base, where there are t\\o brown spots ; abdomen above red ; 
body beneath and legs pale greenish ; abdomen with the central 
disk greenish-ocbraceoiis, and with lateral marginal black points 




Fig. 1 08. — Via utia fimbriata. 

at the apices of the incisures ; rostrum greenish-ochraceous with 
the apex piceous ; antennee greenish-ochraceous, with the apices 
of the fourth and fifth joints infuscated : the pronotum and 
scutellum are finely and somewhat sparingly punctate, the corium 
more thickly punctate. 

Length 10 to 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 
millim. 

Hah. Sikliim ; North Khasi Hills (CJiennell) ; Naga Hills 
{Doliertij). Bombay (Leith). Calcutta {Ind. Mm.). Nilgiri Hills 
(ffamj)so)i). Ceylon (Green). Burma; Bhamo, Teinzo, Karennee 
(Fea). Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). — Common throughout the 
Malay Peninsula and found in most islands of the Malayan 
Archipelago; also received from China and Japan. This species 
is also undoubtedly found in Madagascar. 



182 



PENTATOMID.^. 



300. Plai'itia viridicollis, Westiv. (Pentatoma) in Hope Cut. \, p. 3.> 
(1837). 
Pentatoma inconspicua, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 250 (1851). 

Smaller than P.fimhrlata, the apex of the scutellum someuhat 
broadly greyish; prouotum and scutellum wilh the punctures 
coarser, corium less thickly punctate, abdomen above violaceous,, 
antennae darker, &c. 

Length 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Lewis). Java {Oocjord Mus.). 



Genus ANACA. 

Ilyllus, Stal, Ofc. J^et.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 513, no})i. prepoce. 
Anaca, Beryr. Rev. d'Entom. t. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, A.JJoren,s, "Walk. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Body broadly obovate ; head obliquely deflected, sinuate before 
the eyes, lobes of about equal length, apex rounded; rostrum 
extending beyond the posterior coxa^ ; basal joint of antennae not 
reaching apex of head ; pronotum with the lateral angles spinously 
produced ; scutellum about as long as broad at base, narrowed 
towards apex, subtriaugular ; mesosternum centrally carinate : 
abdomen neither spined nor tuberculate at base. 

301. Anaca florens, IfaUc. (Mormidea) Cat. Het. ii, p. 2G3 (1807): 
Stta (Ilyllus), En. Hem. v, p. 92 (1870). 
Ilyllus aeruginosus, Hagl. Stett. ent. Zeif. xxix, p. 160 (1868). 

01i\ iiceous green, anterior area of pronotum and lateral margins^ 
of corium a little paler in hue ; head reddish-ochraceous, the 

margins (narrowly) and two 
central discal lines black ; 
scutellum with a somewhat 
large pale luteous apical 
spot ; pronotal spines black, 
a little recurved ; body be- 
neath and legs pale greenish ,^ 
disk of abdomen greenish- 
ochraceous ; lateral abdominal 
margius with a small black 
spot at apices of segmental 
incisures ; antennae greenish- 
ochraceous, the fourth and 
fifth joints and apex of the 
third joint piceous : rostrum 
ochraceous, with the apex 
piceous ; body above somewhat thickly and coarsely punctate, head 
and apex of scutellum impunctate. 




Fig. 109. — Anaca florens. 



ANTESTIA. 183 

Length 9 to 11 ; breadth between proiiotal angles 7| to 9 
millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Margherita (DoJierti/). Burma ( Warim/, Brit. 
Mus.). Teuasserira ; Malewoon (Fea). — Common m the Malay 
Peninsula and i-ecorded from Siam and some of the islands of the 
Malayan Archipelago. 

302. Anaca fasciata, Digf. (Hyllus) A. M. N. H. (vii) -"5, p. .394 
(1900). 

OliA'aceous-green ; head, and a broad fascia between the humeral 
angles of the pronotum and occupying them, dark ochraceous ; 
a pale greenish or ochraceous spot at apex of scutellum ; body 
beneath and legs greenish ; pronotal angles beneath with their 
margins and apices black ; disk of abdomen ochraceous, the lateral 
margins with small black spots at apices of incisures ; antennae 
greenish ochraceous, second joint shorter than third, fourth and 
fifth subequal in lengtli ; pronotal angles robust, slightly recui^ved, 
their apices and lateral margins black. 

Length 9^ ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Assam; Sibsagar (Co?/. Z'j's?.). Ce-^lon {Green). 



Genus ANTESTIA. 

Auteatia, Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 2U0 (18G4). 
Otantestia, Bvcdd. >S'tett ent. Zeit. 1900, p. 324. 

Type, A. maculata, Dall., an African species. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian Regions. 

Body obovate ; head moderately deflected, lobes of equal length r 
rostrum passing the posterior coxa3 ; first joint of antennae almost 
reaching apex of head : anterior and anterior lateral margins of 
pronotum distinctly elevated and callous, lateral angles rounded 
or subprominent ; scutellum broad, about as broad as long at base, 
narrowed towards apex, subtriaugular ; mesosternum centrally 
carinate ; abdomen unarmed at base. 

This genus contains species recorded as destructive to coffee- 
trees both in the Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 



a. Lateral angles of tJie /yronotum not prominent, more 
or less rounded. 

303. Antestia anchora, T/uinb. (Cimex) Kov. Ins. Sp. ii, p. 47, t. 2, 
f. 60(1783); Ball. (Pentatoma) List Hem. i. 264(1851); StSl, 
En. Hem. v, p. 90 (1876). 
Pentatoma cruciata, EUenr. Not. Tljdschr. Nederl. Ind. xxiv. p. 154 

(1862). 



184 



PEXTATOMIDtE. 




Stracliia pardalis & platyspila, Walk. Cat. Hef. W, pp. 330 & 337. 
11. 64 & 78 (1867). 
Antestia ellenriederi, Bredd. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1900, p. '622. 

Orange-yellow; head with the basal margin, a lineate spot 
before each eye, and two discal lines black ; pronotum with the 
anterior, anterior lateral, and central basal margins, and two lateral 
discal suffusions luteous, a transverse black spot on each side of 

anterior margin and four 
discal spots of the same 
colour ; scutellum with a 
streak near each basal 
^ angle and the apex luteous ; 
y basal angles, two spots 
on anterior margin, and 
two augulated spots on 
apical half black ; corium 
with three discal black 
spots ; counexivum luteous 
with black spots ; mem- 
brane fuliginous, with the 
apical margin greyish : 
body beneath luteous, with discal transverse, sublateral quadi'ate, 
and marginal lineate black spots, sometimes the discal transverse 
spots are broken internally ; head beneath and legs orange-yellow ; 
apex of rostrum black ; antennae black, first and second joints 
and base of third joint rufous. 

Length 10 to 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 7| 
millim. 

Hab. Sikhim ; North Khasi Hills (OhemieU) ; Xiiga Hills 
(Doherfif). Burma; Bhamo, Karennee (i^ea). Tenasserim, Thagata 
(Fea), Myitta (Doherfy). — Common in the Malay Peninsula and 
found in Java and Sumatra. 





Fie. 110. — Antestia aiichora. 



304. Antestia pulchra, Dall. (Pentatoma) List Hem. i, p. 2o3 
(1851). 
Stracliia heterospila, iJ'alk. Cat, Het. ii, p. 331. 65 (1867). 

Head and corium orange-yellow, pronotum and scutellum 
luteous ; head with a spot before each eye, a large basal spot and 
a smaller subapical spot black; pronotum with two transverse 
linear spots near anterior margin, a spot at each lateral angle, and 
two large central spots extending over base of scutellum, black; 
scutellum with two elongate discal black spots ; corium ^^■ith a 
central waved and much angulated black fascia ; membrane black, 
its apical margin pale greyish : body beneath luteous ; two spots 
on each lateral area of pro- and mesosterna, three spots on lateral 
area of metasternum, large transverse spots on each lateral area 
of first to fifth abdominal segments, and a central spot on sixth 
segment, black ; head beneath and legs orange-yellow ; femora 



ANTESTIA. 185 

with two black anuulations ; autennse black, with tlie tu'o basal 
joints orange-yellow. 

Length 10 to 12 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Bia-ma ; Arakau (AtJchison Coll.) ; Karennee 
(Feci). Tenasserim ; Thagata {Feci). 

305.-Atttestia modificata, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 350, pi. 12, f. 4. 

Ochraceous, spotted with bluish-black ; head luteous, margins 
of central lobe, margins of lateral lobes from front of eyes, and two 
spots at base bluish-black ; antennse black ; pronotum -with eight 
bluish-black spots, the six largest arranged in double series on 
disk and a small rounded spot at each lateral angle ; scutellum 
with six bluish-black spots, the four largest in double series on 
disk and a small spot in each basal angle ; corium with four bluish- 
black spots — one basal, one apical, two discal ; membrane pale 
hyaline, with a large bluish- black spot at base: body beneath pale 
luteous, sternum spotted with bluish-black, and abdomen with 
sutural fascism and lateral spots of the same colour ; legs luteous, 
femora with a blackish spot near apices, t i li 

Length 7 millim. ¥-~ ck^.'- ^ • .^U^-W^ \Ua^ >, L^tS' 

Hab. Sikhim. L^v^-^y^ - ' 

^306. Antestia cruciata, Fahr. (Cimex) Si/st. Ent. p. 714(1775) ; Amy. 

8f Serv. (Peutatoma) Hem. p. 132 (1843) ; St&l, Ofo. Vet.-Ak. 

Fork. 1870, p. 630. 
StracJiia geometrica, Motsch. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc xxxvi, 2, p. 75 

(1863) ; Nietn. Enemies of Coffee Tree, p. 8 (1864). 
Strachia velata & subacta," Wcdk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 329 (1867). 
Pentatoma pantherina, Westiv. m Hope Cat. i. p. 34 (1837). 

Body above varying in colour from pale greenish to orange- 
yellow ; head with two central lines and a spot before each eye 
black; pronotum with ten black spots — four (smallest) on anterior 
margin, and six across disk ; scutellum with four black spots (two 
on basal margin, the other two elongate and angulate on disk), 
apex usually paler and levigate ; corium with three discal black 
spots and a costal black streak ; membrane dark fuligiuous, its 
extreme apical margin greyish : body beneath and legs pale greenish 
or luteous ; sternum and abdomen with two sublateral series of 
black spots, abdomen with additional central, submargiual, and 
marginal series ; antennse greenish or ochraceous. 

Length 7 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Calcutta ; Bombay (Leith) ; Kilgiri Hills 
(Hampson). Ceylon (Green). Tenasserim {Brit. Jlns.). — Also 
received from many islands of the Malayan Archipelago. 

A well-known coffee pest. " Feeds on the berries of the cofFee- 
tree " (E. E. Green). " Attacks the young berries of Coff'ea arahica 
in Ceylon " (Nietner). 



186 



PEXTATOMID^. 



b. Lateral antjles of the jivonotum suhprominent. 



307. Antestia degenera, WaW. (reutatoma) Cut. Ilet. ii, p. 304. 

132 (1867). 
Autestia angulosa, Stdl, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 630. 
Peutatoma pnnctatissima, Kirby, J. Linn, Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 8-3 

(1891). 

Ocbraceous, somewhat thickly darkly punctate; a faint trans- 
verse ochraceous fascia between pronotal angles ; apex of scuteUum 
and two irregularly shaped spots on corium — one about centre and 
one near apex- — luteous, levigate ; head with two narrow central 
luteous fasciae with dark margins : body beneath and legs 
ochraceous; presternum, metasternum, and lateral areas of 
abdomen somewhat thickly brownly punctate ; apex of rostrum 
and small marginal spots to abdomen piceous ; lateral angles of 
the pronotum suhprominent. 

Length S millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (Green). Burma : Teiuzo, Bhamo, Rangoon, 
Katha (Feci). — Also received from the Malay Peninsula and several 
islands of the Malayan Archipelago. 



Antestia securif/era. Walk. (Stvachia) Cat. Het. ii, p. 334. 73 
(1867), has been included by Atkinson in the Indian fauna on the 
authority of Walker, who gave the habitat of his species "Mysol, 
Burma." An examination of the three specimens on which 
Walker founded his species proves that thev' all came from the 
Island of Mysol. 

Genus APINES. 
Apiues, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 232 (ISol). 

Type, A. concinna, Dall. 

Distrihution. Brit. India. 

Oblong-ovate, somewhat elongate ; head moderately deflected, 
about as broad as long, apex rounded, lobes of about equal length : 
basal joint of antenna) not reaching apex of head ; rostrum about 
or not quite reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum broader than 
long, narrowed anteriorly, lateral angles not prominent ; scutellum 
moderately broad, a little longer than broad at base, somewhat 
narrowed towai'ds apex, subtriangiilar ; corium longer than mem- 
brane, with its apical margin obliquely sounded ; membrane with 
longitudinal veins ; mesosternum sulcated ; abdomen unarmed. 

308. Apiiies concinna, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 2-32 (1851). 

Black, shining, thickly punctate; pronotum with a central 
somewhat elongate pale stramineous spot, between which and 



APliN'ES. 



187 



base is sometimes a smaller spot ; scutellum with three basa' 

spots, a transverse arcuate 
spot — sometimes linearly ex- 
tending posteriorly — and the 
apex pale stramineous; coriuni 
\\ith the basal lateral margin 
and a transverse fasciate spot 
on apical area pale stra- 
mineous : body beneath black : 
a spot at each posterior basal 
angle of metasternum, some 
elongate lateral marginal 
abdominal spots, coxsb, bases 
of femora, and the tibiae pale 
stramineous or creamy-white ; 
bases and apices of tibice more 
or less black ; antenna; black, 




Fig. ill. — Apines concinna. 



with the second joint castaneous. 

Length 6^ millim. 

Hab. Hardwar {Coll. Atl-lnson) ; Bombay. 

" Reported as attacking rabi (/. e. winter) crops in the N^orth- 
West Provinces " (Indian Museum Notes, vol. ii, p. 1G5). 



Division EURYDEMAIUA. 

I include in this Division a number of genera distinguished pri- 
marily from the Antestiaria by the shape and size of the scutellum,. 
which is triangular, longer than broad, with the apex more or less 
acnmiuately narrowed. The body is more elongate and less 
convex than in the preceding division ; and a superficial character 
is that most of the genera of the Earijdemaria are brilliantly 
coloured. The abdomen is unarmed at base. 



Agonoscelis, p. 189. 



S)jnops[s of Genera. 

A. Scutellum not extending beyond middle of 

abdomen Gynexica, p. 188. 

B. Scutellum extending- beyond middle of 

abdomen. 

a. Body remotely pilose 

b. Body glabrous, not pilose. 

a. Basal joint of aoteuufe not extending 
beyond apex of head. 
a^. Eyes sessile ; anterior and anterior 
lateral pronotal margins elevated, 

callous EURYDEMA, p. 190. 

b^. Eyes moderately stylate. 

d'. Pronotum with the anterior mar- 
gin somewhat concave, elevated 
and callous Stexozygvm, p. 102. 



V 



188 



PE]S'TATOMIDJE. 



b". Pronotum with the anterior mar- 
giu moderately truncate and 
neither elevated nor callous. . . . Bagbada, p. 193. 
b. Basal joint of antennae extending be- 
yond apex of" head. 
a'. Basaljoint of posterior tarsi as long as 
the second and third j oints together ; 
lateral margins of pi'onotum not 

sinuate Cixxia, p. 194. 

b'. Basal joint of posterior tarsi shorter 
than second and third joints together ; 
lateral margins of pronotum sinuate. Strachia, p. 195. 



Geuus GYNENICA. 
Gynenica, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 180 (1851). 

Type, O. man/inella, Dall., a South-Africau species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions, 

Body elongate-ovate : head elongate, tapering gradually to apex, 
lobes equal in length, the central with its apex slightly prominent ; 
antennae with the basal joint not reaching apes of head ; rostrum 
reaching the base of the abdomen : lateral angles of pronotum 
produced into strong acute spines directed forward and upward ; 
seutellum triangular, longer than broad, its apex subacute, not 
extending beyond the middle of abdomen ; membrane with longi- 
tudinal veins. 

309. Gynenica affinis, Di.^t. Enf. Month. Mtuj. xvi, p. 202 (1880). 

Chocolate-brown ; central lobe of head, anterior area of pro- 
notum, lateral and apical areas 
of seutellum, connexivura, 
body beneath, and legs stra- 
mineous ; body above punc- 
tate, the corium most thickly 
and the seutellum most 
sparingly so ; prouotal angles 
produced into long acute 
black spines, slightly directed 
forward ; antennae fuscous ; 
sternum thickly punctate ; 
abdomen almost impunctate ; 
rostrum greenish-oehraceous, 
its apex black. 

Length 9 to 10; breadth 
'F\g.\V2. — Gi/ncnka affinis. between ' pronotal angles 6 

millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Bombay (Leith). Calcutta. 




Atkinson included G. ma rc/ineUa, DaW., from an unknown locality. 
Dallas had no habitat for his type, but I was able in 1880 to 
record the species as belonging to South Africa. 



ago:n'oscelis. 189 



Genus AGONOSCELIS. 

Agonoscelis, Spin. Ess. p. 327 (1887) ; Dull. List Hem. i, p. 152 

(1851) ; St&l, Hem. Afr. i, p. 177 (1864). 
Nevroscia,^/»y. S,' Serv. Hem. p. 109 (1843). 

Type, A. nubila, Fabr. 

Distribution. Ethiopian, Oriental, aud Australasian Regions. 

Bod}'- elongately ovate, remotely ])ilose ; head generally narrowed 
in front, rouuded at apex, lobes of equal length ; anterior lateral 
margins of pronotum entire, straight, somewhat acute, anterior 
margin somewhat callous centrally ; scutellum long, triangular, 
narrowed to apex, much longer than broad at base ; mesosternum 
centrally moderately cai'inate ; abdomen sometimes moderately 
sulcate and unarmed at base. 



310. Agonoscelis nuhila., Fair. (Cimex) Si/st. Ent. p. 712 (1775); 

Fahv. (llalvs) Syst. Rhyny. p. 183 (1803) ; Halm (^Elia?), Wanz. 

Ins. ill, p. 29, t. 82, f. 251 (1835) ; Dall. List Hem. i, p. 179 

(1851). 
Pentatoma grata, Palis, de Beauv. Ins. p. 120, Hem. t. 9, f. 5 

(1805). 
Agouoscelis varies., 'Spin. Ess. p. 329 (1837). 
iElia crucifera, JFestw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 32 (1837). 
Nevroscia svilciveutris, Ellenr. Nat. Tijdschy. Nederl. hid. xxiv, 

p. 144, pi. ii, f. 11 (1862). 

Body ochraceous, thickly covered with coarse black punctures, 
excepting the lateral margins and central fascia to head, lateral 
and anterior margins and an irregular central fascia to pronotum, 
posterior central fascia and apex to scutellum, and basal lateral 
margin to corium, which are levigate and more or less orange- 
yellow ; there are also scattered luteous rugosities particularly 
distinct on the anterior lateral areas of the scutellum ; connexivuni 
orange-yellow, with minute black spots at the apices of the in- 
cisures ; membrane pale fuliginous with the veins piceous : body 
beneath and legs luteous, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen 
orange-yellow ; antennae, apex of rostrum, tibiae, tarsi, and apices 
of femora, a double lateral series of spots to sternum and abdomen, 
the last with an additional double series of very small spots, 
black. 

Length 10 to 11 millim. 

Hah. Kashmir; Siud Valley (Stoliczl-a) . Khasi Hills (Cheii- 
nell) ; Naga Hills {Dolierty). Calcutta ; Bombay (Diivon) ; Nilgiri 
Hills {Hampson)\ Mysore. Ceylon (Green). Burma; Arakan 
{Ind. Mus.). Tenasserim; Malewoon (Fea).— Also found in China, 
Japan, the Malay Peninsula, and several islands of the Malayan 
Archipelago. 

" At Bombay, usually found on the Ghevda creeper (Dolichos 
lahlah, Linn.).'" — li. J/. Dixon. 



190 



pektatomid.t;. 



311. Agonoscelis femoralis, mdl-. Cat. Het. m, p. .545 (1868). 

Larger and more elougate 
than A. iivJnIa ; a continuous 
central fascia through pronotum 
and scutellum, tliird joint of 
antennae distinctly a little 
longer than second, pronotum 
less coarsely punctate, apical 
margin of coriura greyish, 
membrane piceous, its margin 
pale hyaline. 

Length 12 millim. 

IJah. North Khasi Hills 
Fig. iyi.—A>jonoscelis femoralis. (Chennell). 




Genus EURYDEMA. 

Pentatonia, siibr/. Eurydema, jyt., Laj). Uss. Hem. p. Gl (1832) : Stul, 
Ofr. Vet.- Ah. Fork. 1872, 3, p. 39; id. En. Kern, v, p. 60 (1876). 

Strachia, pt., Hahn, Wanz. i, p. 180 (1831) ; Fieh. Eur. Hem. p. 341 
(1801). 

Type, E. oleraceum, Linn., a Palaearctic species. 

Distribution. Palieai'ctic and Oriental Regions. 

Body ovate ; head with Ihe lateral margins distinctly reflexed, 
■eyes sessile, basal joint of antennas not reaching apex of head ; 
pronotum with the anterior and anterior lateral margins elevated, 
callous, the lateral angles ]ieither produced nor prominent ; scu- 
tellum triangular, longer than broad at base, narrowed to apex 
which is subacute ; mesosternum centrally carinate ; abdomen 
unarmed at base. 



:312. Eurydema pulchrum, Watw. (Pentatoma) in Hope Cat. i, p. .34 

(1837) ; Dall. (Strachia) List 
Hem. i, p. 258 (1851) ; lStc%l, 
En. Hem. v, p. 8U (1876). 

Eurydema suinatrana, Elleiiv. 
Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl. hid. 
xxiv, p. 152, f. 20 (1862). 

Strachia designata, Walk. Cat. 
Het. \\, p. .327 (1867). , 

lieddish-ochraceous, spotted 
with black : head black, the 
margins ochraceous ; prono- 
tum with six black spots — two 
anterior and transverse, four 
discal ; scutellum with a lai'ge 
spot at base and t\\'o marginal 
subapical spots black ; clavus and inner area of corium, much 
angulated, and two marginal spots black ; membrane black, its 




Fig. 114. — Eitrydcraa pulchrum. 



EURYDEMA. 191 

iipical margin greyish : body beneath and legs hiteous ; lateral 
margins of sternum and abdomen orange-yellow, and both with 
lateral and central series of transverse black spots, those on the 
abdomen sometimes fused as in above figure, and a series of small 
marginal black spots at apices of incisures ; antennse, rostrum, 
tibiae, tarsi, and apices of femora more or less black ; body above 
finely punctate. 

Length 8 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Silihim. Assam ; Margherita (Dohert'f), Khasi and Naga 
Hills (CheimeU). Burma; Teinzo, Bhamo (Fea). — A common 
Javan species, and received from China and Sumatra. 1 also 
l)Ossess a Queensland specimen wliich is apparent!}' conspecific. 

313. Eurydema litiirifenim, ij'alk. (Strachia) Cat. Hot. W, p. :'5:?6 

(18(J7). 

Eurydema vicarium & rav. suppleiis, Hon-. Termez. Fuxeteh, xii, 
p. 32 (1889). 

AlYiQ&Xo E. inilclu-um,h\xt head not so broadly margined witli 
ochraceous and with three reddish-ochraceous spots, one central 
near base, and the other two on lateral lobes ; pronotum, scu- 
tellum, and corium marked as in E. jiulcJintm, but corium with 
the posterior lateral margin ochraceous : body beneath with the 
black spots much smaller ; body longer, upper surface more dis- 
tinctly punctate. 

Var. In some specimens the four discal spots on tlie pronotum 
are obliterated. 

Length 10 millim. 

Huh. tSikhim ; Mungphu (AfJcinson Coll.). Burma : Teinzo 
{Fea). 

314. Eurydema festivum, Liun. (Cimex) 8i/st. Naf. ii, p. 723 (1707) ; 

Dist. Sec. Yarkand Miss., llhynch. p,G (1879) ; Rent. Ilec. (VEnt. 
iii, p. 68 (1884), et syii. 

Closely allied to E. Utariferiim, but shorter and naore ovate ; 
liead either wholly black, with two spots, or with three as in 
Walker's species. Beyond the size and shape of the body, which 
appear to be constant characters, thei'e is little to separate this 
Palaearctic species, which just enters North-western India, from 
E. litui-ifcruin, which does not appear to extend farther west than 
ISikhim. 

Length 8 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Kashmir ; 8ind A'^allej^ (StoUczl-a). — Distributed through- 
oat the Patearctic Eegion ; I possess specimens from Madeii-a, 
Morocco, and Eastern Turkestan ; it is also found in X.AV. Siberia 
iiud at Astracan. 



192 PKNTATOMID.I, 

315. Eurydema multipiinctatiin?, Did. Tr.E.S. 1887, p. 348, pi. 12. 
f. 6. 

Body above pale oc-hraceous, sometimes suffused with purplish ; 
head with the margins of the central lobe and the basal margin 
black ; antennae ochraceous, fourth and fifth joints and the apex 
of the third palely infuscated ; pronotum with twelve black spots 
— four on anterior margin, six between pronotal angles, and one 
on each discal area ; scutellum with ten black spots — four at base, 
four near centre, and two before apex ; corium with three discal 
black spots ; membrane pale hyaline, the inner angle black : body 
beneath pale ochraceous ; a double submarginal series of black 
spots to sternum and abdomen, and a transverse black spot on 
each side of metasternum ; rostrum ochraceous, with the apex 
piceous. .^Cfv^^l- c . 

Length 8 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Assam (?) (Atlinson Coll). 



Atkinson in his notes on Indian Ehynchota (J. A. S. B. hii, 
pp. 53, 54, 1888) enumerates three other species of Eurydema, 
which, however, possess no credentials for inclusion in this 
fauna : — 

Eurydema dominidum. Scop. A Palsearctic species. " Probably 
found in N. India " (Aiklnsoa). 

Eurydema ivilJcinsi, Dist. Described from Tangi-hissar, E. 
Turkestan, and therefore not belonging to the fauna of Brir. 
India. 

Eurydema ornatum, Linn. In my record of the Khynchota 
collected during the " Second Tarkand Mission " I enumerated a 
var. of E. festivuni as Jicrbacea, Herr.-Sch. This Atkinson has 
considered a var. of E. ornatum, Linn., and consequently recorded 
that species. 

Genus STENOZYGUM. 

Steuozvgum, Fieh. Eur. Hem. p. 345 (1861) ; StdJ, Of v. Vef.-Al, 

Fork. 1867, p. 520. 
'^itiWa, suhy.^lmoAiix, Mills. S,- Bey, Pmi. France, Pent. '^. 199 (1866). 

Type, S. variegatum, Fieb., a Pala?arctic species. 

Distribution. Palsearctic, Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian 
Regions. 

Body oval, shining, somewhat convex ; head a little deflected ; 
eyes moderately stylate ; lateral margins rounded, sinuate near 
base ; pronotum transversely impressed, with the anterior margin 
a little concave, elevated and callous, lateral margins entire ; 
scutellum longer than broad, narrowed to apex, a little elevated 
at base ; abdomen unarmed ; basal joint of antennae not extending 
beyond apex of head, usually not reaching that point. 



BAGKADA. 



193 




Fig. 115. — Stenozygum spccio.mm. 



o\Q. Stenozygum speciosum, Dall. (Strachia) List Hem. i, p. 261 

(ISol) : StM, En. Hem. v, p. 86 (1872^ <o 
Strachia inornata, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 331. 60 (1867). 

Black, shining; head wifch three central luteous spots ; prouotuiu 

with the lateral margins, a 
central fascia with a small 
spot on each side, two small 
spots on anterior margin, and 
a spot behhid each lateral angle 
luteous ; scutellum with a cen- 
tral fascia, an elongate spot 
near each basal angle, and a 
subapical triangular patch 
(marked with reddish) luteous; 
corium with costal streaks, a 
subapical transverse fascia, a 
discal spot and anterior lateral 
margin luteous, the transverse 
fascia contains a reddish spot ; 
connexivum black, spotted with ochraceous : body beneath and legs 
luteous ; a double series of spots to sternum and abdomen, a 
marginal series of narrow spots to abdomen, apices of femora, 
bases of tibiae, tarsi, antennae, and rostrum black. 
Length 7 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Sind {Coll. Dist.). Bombay {Lcltli). Ceylon {Green). 
Burma ; Minhla {Comotto). 

Genus BAGRADA. 

Bagrada, Stal, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 105 (1862) ; id. Of v. Vet- 

Ak. Fork. 1872, 3, p. 39. 
Nitilia, 3Iuls. S,- Bet/, Pirn. France, Pent. p. 197 (1866). 

Type, B. jncta, Fabr. 

Distribution. Palsearctic, Ethiopian, and Oriental Eegions. 

Body subovate ; head triangular, lateral lobes a little longer than 
the central, converging forwards and separated between their 
apices ; margins reflexed ; eyes moderately stylate ; basal joint of 
antennae not reaching apex of head ; pronotum obscurely sex- 
angular, anterior margin somewhat truncate, not distinctly elevated 
and callous ; mesosternum carinate ; abdomen unarmed. 

317. Bagrada picta, Fabr. (Cimex) Si/st. Ent. p. 715 (1775); Ball. 
(Strachia) List Hem. i, p. 259 (1851) ; Ivirbii (Strachia),. / Linn 
Sac, Zool. xxiv, p. 85 (1891); Stal, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 105 

(1862). 

Black ; lateral lobes of head from before eyes, anterior and 
lateral margins and a central fascia to pronotum, a central fascia, 
a spot near each basal angle and a spot on each margin before 
apex of scutellum, a marginal fascia to corium becoming sub- 
marginal a little beyond base and terminating in a rounded discal 

VOL. I. o 



194 



PENTAT0MID.5. 



spot before apex, ochraceous 




Fig. \iQ>.—Bagrada picta. 



connexivum ochraceous, spotted 
with black ; membrane f uhginous : 
body beneath ochraceous ; streaks 
to head, marginal lines to coxae, 
lateral marginal spots to sternum 
and abdomen, margins of abdo- 
minal incisures, more or less dis- 
tinct transverse discal segmental 
lines, and segmental spots be- 
coming larger posteriorly, black : 
legs ochraceous, spotted and 
streaked with black ; antennae 
black. 

Length 5 to 7 millim. 
'Y^hyA'^av {Atkinson Coll.). Bengal; 

Manipur {Coll. Dist.). Bombay 



Hah. North-west Provinces ; 
Tirhoot {Ind. Mus.\ Calcutta 
(Leiih). Ceylon ( Green). 

Specimens were forwarded to me by the late Mr. L. de Niceville, 
who found them attacking Natal indigo at Dalsingh Terai, Behar. 



Genus CINXIAr {A^-,r i_ 



yy^^y 



Cinxia, Stitl, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 105 (1862) ; id. Ofv. Vet.-Akad. 
Fork. 1867, p. 520. 

Type, C. limlata, Fabr. 
Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Elongately ovate : head triangular, lobes of equal length, eyes 
moderately stylate; antennae long, basal joint extending beyond the 




Fig. 117. — C'in.via limbata. 

apex of the head ; pronotum sexangular, anterior margni callous, 
lateral margins reflexed and elevated ; basal joint of the posterior 
tarsi as long as the two apical joints taken together. 



STEACHIA. 195- 

318. Cinxia limljata, Fabr. fCimex) Si/st.Hkynff.-p. 176 (1803) ; Ami/. 
4- Sen: (Stracbia) Hem. p. 127 (1843) ; Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 30 

(1868). 

Indigo-black ; head ochraceous, with a broad central fascia, base 
to inner margins ol: eyes, and a marginal spot above insertion of 
antennae indigo-black ; pronotum with all the margins, a central 
longitudinal fascia and a transverse fascia across anterior disk, 
ochraceous ; scutellnm with the apex, central and lateral fasciae 
ochraceous ; corium with the base of latei-al margin, connected 
with inner angle and apical margin, claval margins and veins 
ochraceous ; all these ochraceous markings are sometimes more or 
less suftused with reddish-ochraceous : body beneath ochraceous, 
with a double central and submarginal series of indigo-black spots, 
a large spot of the same colour at base of apical segment ; legs 
black, femora streaked with ochraceous ; antennae black. 

Length 13 to 16 millim. 

Hub. Assam ; Harmatti (Ind. litis.) ; Xaga Hills {Dohert)j). 
Burma ; Kakhyen Kauri {Fea). Tenasserim ; Thagata(/^m); Tavoy 
{Ind. Mas.). — Common in the Malay Peninsula and received from 
Java and Sumatra. 

Genus STRACHIA. 

Stracbia, Hahn, Wanz. i, p. 180 (1831) ; Stdl., Stett. e?it. Zeit, xxiii. 
p. 105 (1862). 

Type, S. a-ucigera, Hahn. 

Distribution. Oriental and Ethiopian Regions *. 

Elongately subovate ; head triangular, lobes of about equal 
length, lateral margins strongly reflexed, basal joint of antennae 
extending but little beyond apex of head ; pronotum sexangular, 
anterior and anterior lateral margins reflexed, the lateral margins 
strongly sinuate ; femora in male incrassate ; basal joint of posterior 
tarsi shorter than the two apical joints taken together. 

319. Strachia crucigera, Hn/m, Wanz. i, p. 184, f. 9o (1831). 

Stracbia flammula, Ellenr. Nat, Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. xxiv, p, 153, 

f. 23 (1862). 

Var. Stracbia strangailata, Wlk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 344. 90 (1867). 
Stenozygum strangulatum, Leth. Sf Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 156 

(1893). 

Black ; head with one central small linear and two apical ochra- 
ceous spots ; pronotum with the anterior and anterior-lateral 
margins, narrowly, and a broad central fascia, ochraceous, a trans- 
verse fascia on anterior area brownish-ochraceous ; scutellum 
ochraceous tinged with carmine, a spot near centre of each 
lateral margin and a subapical spot black ; corium with the basal 



* The West-African Fentatoma elegans, Pal. Beauv., constitutes a second 
species of tbis genus. 

o2 



196 



PENTATOMID^E. 



and lateral areas of lateral margin and a transverse fascia before 

apex pale luteous ; apical 
margin o f membrane 
greyish ; sternum blackish, 
its lateral and segmental 
margins and coxal spots 
pale luteous, and a carmine 
spot on the lateral area of 
each segment ; abdomen 
beneath luteous, disk 
piceous, lateral margins 
car m ine, w i t h piceous 
segmental spots ; legs, 
antennae, and rostrum 
black ; femora streaked 
with luteous. 
Length 8 to 10 millim. 
Hah. Khiisi Hills (C/igjiiicZZ). Burma; Teinzo, Bhamo, Schwego- 

Myo {Ftci). Tenasserim ; Myitta {DolKrUj). — Also found in the 

Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. 




Fig. 118. — Strachia crucigera. 



Division COMPASTAJIIA. 

1 here arrange a group of genera possessing a greater breadth 
of body with the head broader at the apex and the scutellum 
usually less acuminate. The species are obscurely coloured, and 
are allied to the following division, from which they differ by the 
unarmed base of the abdomen. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Lateral angles of pronotum not prominently 

produced. 

a. Head narrowed anterior!}-, lubes of equal 

length. Rostrum long, about reaching 

abdominal apical segment Critheus, p. 197. 

b. Head not narrowed anterioi-ly, lateral lobes 

a little longer than the central. 
a^. Rostrum reaching second or third 

abdominal segment f eenp:lius, p. 107. 

h\ Rostrum only about reaching inter- 
mediate coxse. 

«■-. Head longer than broad , . . . Agathocles, p. 198. 

P. Head about as broad as long Exithemus, p. 199. 

B. Lateral angles of pronotum prominently 

produced. 

a. Pronotal angles broad, angulated, or spiued. 

a. Head with the margins entire Compastes, p. :200. 

b. Head with the margins lobate ;aid 

notched Amasenus, p. 201. 

b. Pronotal angles neither angulated nor 

spined Homalogonia, p. 202. 



i'ERNELIUS. 



197 



Genus CRITHEUS. 
Critheus, Stdl, Ofc. Vd.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 517. 

Type, C. Uneatifrons, Stal. 

Bistrihution. At present recorded only from Burma. 

Body oval, depressed ; rostrum long, extending to or near apical 
abdominal segment ; head somewhat narrowed forwardly, obtusely 
rounded at the apex, lateral margins acute, very slightly reflexed, 
lobes of equal length ; pronotum with the lateral margins reflexed, 
straight, anterior margin a little concave and callous, lateral angles 
obtusely prominent ; scutellum triangular, narrow at apex ; meso- 
sternum centrally carinate, the carination in a globular depression ; 
abdomen obsoletely sulcate for a short distance from base which 
is unarmed. 



320. Critheus Uneatifrons, Stdl, Berl. ent. Zeit. xiii, p. 229 (1869). 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly and coarsely blackly punctate ;. 
scutellum and pronotum somewhat rugulose ; head and pronotum 
with a central levigate line extending more obscurely through the 
scutellum ; margins of head and a submarginal anterior and 
lateral line to pronotum black : a transverse series of four small 

levigate spots on anterior area 
of pronotum, and four small 
levigale spots at base of 
scutellum ; corium with a some- 
what prominent levigate spot 
on posterior disk ; membrane 
pale fuliginous, the veins 
darker : body beneath and legs 
pale ochraceous, finely darky 
punctate ; two spots on each 
lateral area of pro- and meso- 
sterna, stigmata and a short 
adjacent linear spot, the lateral 
edges and incisures black ; 
antennae brownish, base of first, second, third, and fourth joints, 
and the whole of fifth joint, excluding apex, dull ochraceous. 
Length 9^ to 11^ millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karennee, Palou {Fm). Teuasserim ; Kaw- 
kareet {Feci). 




Fig. 119. — Crifheus Uncafifr 



Genus FERNELIUS. 
Feruelius, Did. Tv. E. S. 1900, p. 173, 
Type, F. indicus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present recorded only from the Eastern Hima- 
layas and Burma. 

Subovate; head broad, anteriorly rounded, but cleft at apex, 
where the central lobe is a little shorter than the lateral lobes. 



198 



PEKTATOMID.E, 



the margins of which are reflexed ; antennoe with the basal joint 
not reaching apex of head ; pronotum with the anterior angles 
shortl_y dentate, the posterior angles obtusely subpromiuent, 
lateral margins oblique, very slightly sinuate ; rostrvnn reaching 
the second or third abdominal segment ; mesosternum centrally 
carinate, the carination in a globular depression ; abdomen unarmed 
at base. 



321. Fernelius indicus, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 173. 

Castaneous-brown, somewhat irrorated with ochraceous ; the 
jcorium with a more or less distinct small ochraceous spot on 

apical area, and a small 
spot of the same colour in 
each basal angle of the 
scLitellum ; abdomen above 
reddish-ochraceous : con- 
nexivum ochraceous spotted 
with black at the incisures : 
body beneath and legs pale 
ochraceous; antennae, tibiae, 
tarsi, apices of femora, apex 
of rostrum, elongate spots 
to sternum, stigmatal spots 
to abdomen and elon- 
gate waved spots between 
same, latei-al marginal spots 
and a spot on apical segment, black ; antennae fuscous, base of 
first joint ochraceous (apical joints mutilated in specimens now 
before me). 

Length 18 millim. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Mungphu (Atlinsou Coll.). Burma ; Ivarennee 
{Fen) ; Rangoon (Atl-inson Coll.). 




Fig. 120. — Fernelius indicus. 



Genus AGATHOCLES. 

Agathocles, Stdl, E71. Hem. x, p. 69 (1879). 

Type, A. limbatus., Stal. 

Distribution. At present recorded only from Assam and Sylhet. 

Broadly ovate, somewhat flat ; head broad, not narrov\ed to apex, 
the lateral lobes longer than the central, their margins reflexed 
and separated between their apices, which are broadly oblique ; 
first joint of antennae about reaching apex of head ; pronotum 
with the anterior margin broader than the eyes, truncate behind 
them and apically spinous (as in division Dorjyiaria), lateral 
margins sinuate, lateral angles somewhat prominent ; scutellum 
triangular, narrowing to apex, more than half the length of 
abdomen ; rosti'um just passing the intermediate coxae ; meso- 
sternum very obsoletely carinate ; abdomen unarmed. 



EXITHEMUS. 



199 






322. Agathocles limbatiis, stal, En. Hem. v, p. 106 (1879), 

Dull ochraceous, very thickly and coarsely blackly punctate, the 
pronotum and base of scutellum distinctly x'ugulose, head a little 

darker or sometimes black ; 
antennae brownish - ochra- 
ceous, basal joint usually 
darkest ; lateral margins of 
the pronotum and basal 
lateral margin of corium 
*^S2s£a^ll^-2=sr^ I CX^^^R \ narrowly pale reddish- 

ochraceous ; connexivum 
brownish-ochraceous, darkly 
punctate inwardly and 
prominently dark at apices 
of incisures : body beneath 
„. ,-,, , .1. 7 1- I , black; disk of abdomen 

" "^ more or Jess castaneous ; 

legs brownish-ochraceous ; coxae, trochanters, bases of femora, and 
rostrum In teous ; lateral margins of sternum, basal margin of corium 
as seen beneath, and a broad lateral margin to abdomen bright 
ochraceous or reddish-ochraceous. 

Length 20 to 22 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 millim. 
Hah. Assam {Coll. Dist.). Sylhet (StocUiohn Jlus.). 

Genus EXITHEMUS, nov. 

Type, E. assamensis, Dist. 

Distribution. Assam. 

Allied to Agatliocles ; head shorter and broader, the lateral lobes 
only slightly longer than the central, their apices rounded ; pro- 
notum with the anterior margin a little wider than the eyes, but 
less truncate behind them, the apical angles obtusely prominent, 
lateral angles a little more produced, between them is a slight 
transverse ridge, beyond which the anterior ai*ea is moderately 
deflected ; connexivum distinctly angulated at apices of incisures ; 
rostrum just passing the intermediate coxae ; abdomen unarmed 
at base ; (antennae accidentally mutilated in unique specimen before 
detailed description was written). 

323. Exithemus assamensis, sp. n. 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly darkly punctate, much more 
sparingly so on scutellum, the central disk of which is consequently 
much paler in hue ; a linear levigate fascia between pronotal angles, 
from the centre of which a similar fascia crosses anterior area and 
extends through head : a small luteous levigate spot near each basal 
angle of the scutellum, which is black ; connexivum with the 
apices of the incisures black : body beneath and legs ochraceous, 
sparingly darkly punctate, abdomen more reddish-ochraceous ; 
the punctures on sternum more confluent; near coxae and on lateral 
areas of prosternum ; abdomen with the basal margin and a 
short fascia on each lateral area black ; anterior legs blackly punc- 
tate, the femora with a large black spot beneath a little before 



200 



PENTATOMIU.r. 



apex; (intermediate and posterior legs mutilated in unique 
specimen described). 




Fig. 122. — Exithemus assameiibis. 

Length 15 : breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 
Hah. Assam {Coll. Disf.). 



Genus COMPASTES. 
Compastes, StSl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 519. 

Type, G. hhutanicus, Dall. 

Distribution. Eastern Himalayas, Assam Hills, jNorthern Burma, 
and Eastern Palsearctic Region. 

Head flat, rounded anteriorly, lateral lobes longer than the 
central, divided at their apices, their lateral margins somewhat 
laminately reflexed ; rostrum just passing the i:)Osterior coxse ; 
first joint of antennae not reaching apex of head ; pronotum with 
the lateral angles produced in broad truncate processes, their 
apices directed forward and a little upward, their margins dentate, 
anterior lateral margins crenulate ; membrane M'ith the veins 
sparingly furcate ; abdomen beneath somewhat gibbous on basal 
area, unarmed at base ; mesosternum centrally carinate. 

This genus is abnormal in having the tarsi of two joints only. 

324. Compastes bliutanicus, 
Dall. (Cimex:^) Tr. E. 
S. V, p. 190, pi. 19, f. 4 
(1849J. 

Dark browuish-ochraceous, 
thickly and rather darkly punc- 
tate ; pronotum and corium 
somewhat rugulose and subno- 
dulose; scutellum transversely 
rugulose ; pronotal angles 
armed at their apices with 
fine spines, of which the 
posterior is most acute, the 
anterior angles each termi- 
nating in a distinct spine behind the eye : body beneath ochraceous, 




Fig. 123. — Corn-pastes hhutanicus. 



AMASENUS. 201 

thickly speckled with reddish, except on the head and lateral 
areas of the sternum, which are hrownly punctate ; legs brownish- 
ochraceous mottled with reddish-brown ; antennte brownish-ochra- 
ceous, apical joint of each luteous with its apex infuscated. 

Length 17 to 20; bi*eadth between prouotal angles 11 to 
13 millim. 

Hah. Bhutan {Brit. Miis.). 8ikhim (Atl-insoji Coll.). Cachar 
(Wood-Mason). Burma; Huhy Mines {DoJiert>/). 

325, Compastes exstimulatus, sp. n. 

Allied in general structure, colour, and appearance to C. hhuta- 
nicus, but differing in the following characters : — the head has a 
distinct spine in front of each eye ; the anterior pronotal angles 
behind eyes are produced in a somewhat long curved spine, behind 
which are two prominent spines on the anterior lateral margins ; 
the apices of the pronotal angles are broadly concave betw een two 
prominent spines and two similar spines on the anterior lateral 
margin, these produced angles are not broadened apically as in 
C. boiUanicus : scutellum with a very distinct central ridge; body 
beneath darker than in Dallas's species. 

Length 15 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 
11 millim. 

ffab. Nuga Hills {DoherUj). 

326. Compastes spinosus, Did. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 351, pi. 12, f. 11. 

Above brownish, coarsely and darkly punctate ; pronotum 
rugulose, with a central longitudinal luteous line, the lateral 
margins with three prominent spines oehraceous at their apices, 
the first at anterior angle behind eye ; the lateral angles 
shortly and broadly produced, their apices rounded anteriorly, 
subtruncate posteriorly, and terminating in a very short oehraceous 
spine : body beneath brownish and darkly ])unctate ; legs oehra- 
ceous, mottled and spotted with brownish ; sublateral margins of 
the sternum bronzy ; lateral abdominal margins with a series of 
segmental pale oehraceous spots ; rostrum oehraceous, its apex 
piceous ; (antennre mutilated in the typical specimen). 

Length 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles S millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (C'o?Z. Dist.). 

Genus AMASENUS. 
Amasemxs, Stal, Tr. E. S. ser. o, i, p. 601 (1863). 

Type, A. corticalis, 8tal. 

Bistrihution. Assam and Malay Peninsula. 

Body oval, depressed ; head \\'ith the lateral lobes longer than 
the central and distant from each other, their margins lobate in 
front of eyes, notched and narrowed before apex : rostrum just 
reaching base of third ventral segment ; antennae five-jointed, 
basal joint not nearly reaching apex of head ; pronotum with, the 
anterior lateral marijins dentate, the lateral angles some\\'hat 



202 



PENTATOMID^. 



strongly and broadly prodiiced ; scutellum long, slightly bigibbous 
on basal area, margins oblique to about centre and then somewhat 
straight to apex, which is broadly angulated ; lateral segmental 
angles strongly angulated ; mesosternum obscurely carinate within 
the furrow of a central globosity ; abdomen unarmed at base. 

327. Amasenus corticalis, Stdl, Tr. E. S. ser. 3, i, p. 602 (1863). 

Ochraceous and moderately thickly darkly punctate ; apices of 
the antennal joints infuscated ; eyes black ; pronotum rugulose, 
rugose at anterior and basal areas, anterior lateral margins robustly 
spined, lateral angles broadly produced, their anterior mai'gins a 
little convex, their apices somewhat obliquely truncate ; corium 




Fig. 124. — Amasenus corticalis. 
shaded with confluent patches of dark punctures ; membrane 
spotted with fuscous : body beneath as above ; sternum with a 
broken sublateral black fascia ; stigmata piceous ; femora and tibiae 
with obscure subapical dark biannulations. 

Length 24 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13^ millim. 

Hah. Assam (Atkinson). Malacca {Stockholm Mus.). 

Genus HOMALOGONIA. 

Homalogonia, Jakotvl. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1876, p. 89. 

Type, H. obtusa, Walk. 

Distribution. jS^orth-eastern Palaearctic Region and North- 
western India. 

Broadly oval ; head broad, lateral margins nearly straight, lateral 
lobes longer than the central but divided at their apices ; basal joint 
of antennse not reaching apex of head ; rostrum reaching the 
posterior coxae ; pronotum broad, its lateral angles moderately 
produced, obtusely rounded, lateral margins crenulate at their 
apices ; scutellum broad at base but narrowing to apex : meso- 
sternum carinate ; abdomen unarmed. 

328. Homalogonia obtusa, Walk. (Pentatoma) Cat. Het. iii, p. .^)60 
(1868) ; Dist. (Compastes) A. M. N. H. (5) viii, p. 28 (1881). 
Homalogonia maculata, Jukoicl. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1876, p. 90 ; 
How. Rev. iVEntom. xvii, p. 278 (1898). 
Compastes miuor, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 344 (1889). 



HOMALOGONIA. 



203 



Dull ochraceous, very thickly and finely darkly punctate ; an- 
tenna; with the basal joint 
fuscous, second and third 
joints reddish - ochrace- 
ous, fourth andfifth joints 
luteous, their apical halves 
infuscated ; pronotuui 
with four obscure luteous 
spots in transverse series 
on anterior area, lateral 
margins speckled with lu- 
teous : connexivum con- 
colorous : body beneath 
and legs pale luteous ; 
legs blackly punctate, a 




Fig. 125. — Homalogonia ohtusa. 



black spot on each lateral area of pro- and mesosterna ; abdomeu. 
very sparsely darkly punctate ; stigmata, punctures on sternal 
margins, and linear spots ou abdominal margins black. 

Length 12 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to 
9 millim. 

Hab. Chakrtita, Jaunsar-Bawar, N.W. Vroy'mees (Athinson Coll.). 
Common in Japan, X.W. China, and Siberia. 



Division TROPICORAIUA. 

In this and the succeeding divisions of the Pentatominae the 
abdomen is more or less distinctly sjiined at the base, the spine 
being sometimes long, whilst in other genera the protuberance is 
more of an angulated tubercle. In the Tropicoraria as here de- 
fined the pronotal lateral margins are dentate or serrate, sometimes 
crenulate, but never entire. The pronotal angles are always, 
usually strongly, produced. 



Synoi:>sw of Genera. 

A. Autenuse five-jointed. 

a. Mesosternuni carinate, the cariuatiou not 
raised and pointedly produced anteriorly. 

a. Metasternum not carinate. 

a . Anterior margins of pronotal angles 

gradually rounded or forming- an 

angle towards the apex TropicoeiSj p. 204. 

b'. Anterior margins of pronotal angles 

straight, apices acute or subacute . Priassus, p. 205. 

b. Metasternum carinate Lelia, p. 206. 

h. Mesosternuni carinate, the cariuatiou 

raised and pointedly produced an- 
teriorly Placosternum, p. 209. 

c. Mesosternuni sulcata Prionaca, p. 207. 

B. Antenufe four-jointed ])egonetus, p. 208. 



20-i PENTATOMID^. 

Genus TEOPICORIS. 

Tropicoris, Halm, Wanz. Ins. ii, p. 52 (1834) : SuV, Ofr. Vet.-Ak. 
Fork. 1867, p. 518. 

Type, T. rufij:>es, Linn., a Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Palsearctic Eegion and India. 

Head more or less uarro^^•ed to apex, sometimes gradually, in 
other species apically narrowed, the lateral margins not sinuate ; 
antenna? somewhat long, five-jointed, basal joint not reaching apex 
of head ; pronotum with the lateral angles irregularly produced, 
either acutely or truncately, the lateral margins finely serrate, 
truncate behind the eyes, with the anterior angles acutely pro- 
duced ; scutellum somewhat long, attenuated posteriorly ; meso- 
sternum prominently carinate ; abdomen either tuberculate at 
base or armed with a spine of variable length. 

329. Tropicoris punctipes, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 106 (1876). 

dompastes truncatus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 351, pi. 12. f. 10.* 

Brownisli-ochraceous, coarsely and darkly punctate ; connexivum 
luteous, \^ ith blackish spots at bases and apices of sutures : mem- 
brane brownish, the venation darker ; antennse with the first, 




Fig. 1 2(). — Tro2)icoris 2nincti2}es. 

second, and third joints brownish, minutely darker at apices, 
second joint longer than third ; pronotum with the lateral margins 
obtusely serrate, the lateral angles produced into broad and 
apically truncated spines : body beneath and legs ochraceous, 
brownly punctate ; rostrum reaching the second abdominal seg- 
ment, its apex piceous ; ventral spine reaching the intermediate 
coxae. 

Length 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. 



* As may be seen from the figure of Compasfcs truncatus, Tr. E. S. 1887, 
pi. 12, f. 10, the tarsi ■were totally absent, and I thus mistook the generic 
position of the species. 



PUIASSUS. 



205 



330. Tropicoris Iseviventris, StM, En. Hem. \, p. lOo (1876). '7 ' / 1 

Luteous, blackly punctate, the punctures in the anterior area 

of the pronotum and in the 
anterior lateral margin of 
corium brassy ; membrane 
sordidly hyaline; connexivum 
fuscescent-testaceous, punc- 
tate (the two apical seg- 
ments excepted), segments 
with a pale marginal spot ; 
abdomen beneath levigate, 
stigmata black ; corium irro- 
rated with small somewhat 
rounded impunctate spots ; 
rostrum reaching the base of 
the abdomen ; head poste- 
riorly with a lateral spot and with a central larger levigate spot 
which contains a central double series of punctures. 
Length 18 ; breadth 10 millim. 
Hah. India. 

I am indebted to Dr. Handlirsch for an opportunity of figuring 
this species, which formed part of Signoret's collection now con- 
tained in the Vienna Museum. 




Fig. 12 



- Tnqncoris IcBviveniris, 



Genus PEIASSUS. 
Priassus, St&l, Ofv. Vct.-Ak. Fork. 1807, p. -518. 

Type, P. spiniger, Hagl. 

Distribution. Assam; Burma; Malay Archipelago. 

Head somewhat narrowed anteriorly, the portion in front of 
eyes about as long as broad, the lobes equal in length or lateral 
lobes a little longer than the central and slightly separate at 
their apices, basal joint of antennae not reaching apex of head ; 
rostrum about reaching posterior coxae ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins concavely sinuate, finely serrate, behind eyes truncate, 
anterior angles acute, lateral angles ])rominent, acutely or sub- 
acutely produced ; scutellum moi'e than half the length of abdomen, 
its apex subacute ; apical angle of corium a little produced ; meso- 
sternum carinate, the cariuation elevated and somewhat laminate ; 
base of abdomen armed with a long spine, which reaches the inter- 
mediate coxae. 



331. Priassus spiniger, Hagl. Stett. ent. Zeit. xxix, p. 160 (1868). 

Luteous, finely punctate, the corium more thickly and coarsely 
punctate ; lateral area and apex of head, lateral areas and angles 
of pronotum, with an irregular transverse fascia between the last, 
pale carmine-red with black punctures, a few scattered black 
punctures on posterior area of pronotum ; antenna3 luteous (apical 



206 



PENTATOMID^. 



joint mutilated in specimens described) ; lateral margins of corium 
blackly punctate : body beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; a few 
scattered black dots on pro- and mesosterna, and the abdominal 
stigmata margined with, black. Lateral lobes of head slightly longer 
than central. 

Length 16 to 21 ; breadth between prouotal angles 10 to 
15 millim. 

Hab. Xjiga Hills (DoJierti/). Burma ; Euby Mines {Dolierty). — 
Also found in Java and Sumatra. 

332. Priassus exemptus, J]'alk. (Prionaca) Cat.Het. iii, p. 569 (1868)./,-/ , |T,'j? 
Priassus carinatiis, Horv. Termesz. Fuzetek, xii, p. 32*(1889). 

Allied to P. spinir/er, Hagl., but differing by the much less 
produced pronotal angles; the reddish coloration to head and 
pronotum is much less intense; and the lobes of the head are 
equal in length. 




Fig. 128. — Priassus exeonptus.''' 

Length 16 to 19 ; breadth bet\\een pronotal angles 9| to 
11 millim. 

Hab. jSTaga Hills {Doherty). Tenasserim ; Mt. Mooleyit {tea). 



Genus LELIA. 

Rhaphigaster, suhg. Prionochilus, Dall. Tr. E. S. v, p. 191 (1849) ; 

Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 107 (1876), nom.pra'occ. 
Lelia, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 406 (1867). 
Renardia, Jakowl. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mvsc. 1876, 2, p. 99. 

Type, L. octoj)unctata, Dall. 

Distribution. Assam, Eastern Himalayas, and Eastern Palaearctic 
Eegion. 

Head with the lateral lobes a little longer than the central lobes 
and sometimes separate at their apices ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins strongly serrate, the lateral angles strongly and somewhat 
Innately produced ; meso- and metasterna centrally carinate ; 
abdomen beneath with a distinct central longitudinal ridge, basal 
spine long, just passing the intermediate coxae. 



PEIONACA. 



20i 



333. Lelia OCtopiinctata, Ball. (Prionocliihis) Trans. Ent. Soc. \, 
p. 192 (1849). 

Ochraceou.s, thickly and finely brownly punctate; pronotiim 

with the marginal serra- 
tion luteous, and ^^■ith 
four transverse black spots 
on its anterior area ; scu- 
tellum with four basal 
black spots arranged in 
pairs ; body beneath and 
legs ochraceous ; sternum 
finely punctate ; abdomen 
wrinkled and more coarsely 
punctate ; antennae Avith 
the first, second, and third 
joints ochraceous, fourth 
and fifth joints piceous 
with their bases ochraceou s. 

Length 18 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 millim. 

Hah. Bhwiin {Brit. Mus.). Khasi Hills (CZimHeZZ). 




Fig. 129. — Lelia octopunctata. 



Genus PRION ACA. 

Prionaca, Ball. List LLem. i, p. 291 (1851). 

Type, P. lata, Call. 

Distribution. Assam, Burma, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. 

Body short and broad ; head nearly as broad as long, rounded 




Fig. 130. — Lrionaea lata. 



in front, lateral lobes just meeting in front of [|the central lobe; 
antennae with the basal joint robust and not reaching apex of head ; 
rostrum not quite reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum with 
the lateral angles produced into strong acute spines, the lateral 



208 PENTATOMID,!;. 

margins distinctly serrate ; scutellum very little longer than broad 
at base, the apex rounded ; corium with the apical margin rounded ; 
membrane with longitudinal veins ; ventral spine just passing the 
posterior coxae ; mesosternum distinctly sulcated. 

334. Prionaca lata, Dall. List Hem. i. p. 291 (1851). 

Luteous, thickly punctured with dark castaneous ; pronotum 
with a levigate luteous spot on each side ot anterior area ; coi'iuiu 
with a levigate luteous spot on disk ; membrane fuliginous, its 
inner basal angle piceous : body beneath and legs oehraceous, body 
sometimes almost whollv greyishly tomentose ; abdomen with a 
central series of transverse and a submarginal series of elongate 
brownish spots ; antennae with, the first, second, and third joints 
oehraceous (remainder mutilated in specimens now before me). 

Length 13 : breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Sylhet {Brit. Mus.). Khasi Hills {ChennelJ).—A\fio 
recorded from Java. 



335. Prionaca burmanica, sp. n. 

Allied to P. lata., Dall., but the head is narrower, the apices of 
the pronotal angles more obtuse ; also the two luteous spots to 
])ronotnm and the discal spot to corium are wanting. Head 
beneath, lateral margins of presternum and under surface of 
lateral spines, with central area of mesonotum, black ; abdominal 
margins pale castaneous, containing a series of oehraceous spots ; 
stigmata black. 

Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. Niiga Hills {Ghennell). Burma {Coll. Dist.). 

Genus DEGONETUS, nov. 

Type, D. semitus, Dist. 

Distrihutlon. India. 

Body broad and somewhat short ; head narrowed anteriorly, 
the lateral lobes longer than the central, but separate at their 
apices ; antennae four-jointed, basal joint not reaching apex of head, 
second joint very long, about as long as third and fourth together ; 
rostrum not reaching the posterior coxae, basal joint not quite 
reaching base of head ; pronotum with the lateral margins serrate, 
the lateral angles prominently produced ; scutellum longer than 
broad at base, the basal angles foveate ; corium with the apical 
angle slightly produced, the inner apical margin rounded ; meso- 
sternum centrally sulcate ; ventral spine short, not passing 
posterior coxae ; abdomen obtusely centrally sulcated. 



PLACOSTER^'UM. 



209 



336. Degonetiis serratus, Dlst. (Abeona?) Tr. JE. S. 1887, p. 350. ^ ■ ' > ^i 

Ocbraceous, thickl}^ and darkly punctate ; connexivum reddish- 

ochraceous, with black linear spots near bases and apices of seg- 
mental incisures ; antenufe 
with the first and second 
joints dark ochraceous, third 
and fourth luteous, wdth 
their apical halves blackish ; 
pronotum wdth the lateral 
angles broadly produced and 
obtusely bispined ; scutellum 
with a small foveate black 
spot in each basal angle ; 
membrane pale fuliginous : 
body beneath, rostrum, and 
legs ochraceous ; head with 
a black spot on each side 

near base of antenna ; sternum coarsely punctate on lateral 

areas ; abdomen obtusely centrally sulcated. 

Length 12 to 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 9 

millim. 

Hab. Bombay (CoU. Dlst.). 




131. — Dcgonetus serratus. 



Genus PLACOSTERNUM. 

Placosteruum, Amy. Sj- Sew. Hem. p. 174 (1843). 

Type, P. taiirus, Fabr. 

Distribution. India, Malay Peninsula, and China. 

Body broad, robust; lateral margins of the head gradually 

rounded and entire, lateral 
lobes a little longer than 
the central, separate at their 
apices ; antennae with the 
basal joint not nearly reaching 
apex of head ; rostrum about 
reaching the intermediate 
coxae ; pronotum broad, lateral 
margins dentate, lateral angles 
produced, their apices more or 
less truncate ; meso sternum 
Avith a central prominent 
robust ridge terminating 
pointedly between the anterior 
cosje, this ridge is posteriorly 
united to a central metasternal 
Fig. 132.— Placosternum tauriis. elevation which is sinuate 

behind and receives the short 
broad basal spine of the abdomen. 

VOL. I. P 




210 PE>'TATOMID.i:. 

337. Placosternmn taurus, Fahr. (Cimex) Spec Ins. ii, p. .•J44 (1781) ; 

id. (Edessa) Syst. Rhyny. p. 145 (1803) ; Ami/, S)- Serv. Hem. 
p. 174(1843). 

Ochraceous, coarsely blackly punctate, the punctures frequently 
confluent and forming irregular black spots or patches, of which 
the most prominent are two transverse and linear on antei'ior 
area, t\\ o irregularly rounded on disk of pronotum, and two on 
anterior ai'ea of scutelliim ; antennae piceous, bases of the joints 
ochraceous : body beneath and legs as above ; lateral areas of 
sternum and abdomen and abdominal incisures more or less 
confluently blackly punctate ; the apices of the pronotal angles 
are truncate and bisi nuat e, thus being obtusely triangulate. 

Length 24 to 25; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 17 
luillim. 

Hah. Sikhim. N. Khasi Hills ( C'AouieZ?). Coc\\\u {CoU. Dist.). 
Burma ; Bhamo {Fea). — Siam. 

338. Placosterimm alces, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 107 (1870). 

Closely allied to P. taurus, Fabr., and differing principally by 

he apices of the lateral pronotal angles, which are only miisinuate 

near anterior angle which is prominent ; behind the sinuation the 

apices are somewhat obliquely truncate : other characters generally 

as in P. taurus. 

Length 21 to 24; breadth between pronotal angles 16 millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith); 3ov Ghat {Divon). Cey\oxi (Green). 

"Near Bombay this species is common (m the Banyan tree (Fleus 
henrjalensh).'' — 11. M. Tiivon. 

339. Placosterimm urus, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 107 (1870). 

P. v.rus is allied to the two preceding species and differs from 
both in the pronotal lateral angles, which are distinctly broader at 
apex than at base, where they ai-e posteriorly sinuate, their apices 
are truncate and not so profoundly sinuate before the anterior 
angular tooth ; the pronotum is more convex posteriorly, and the 
scutellum more deflected from basal area ; the body is also smaller. 

Length 18 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 14 to 15 
millim. 

Hah. Ivhtisi Hills (Chennell) ; Naga Hills (DoJterly). Ceylon 
{^Stockholm Mus.). 

340. Placosternnm cervus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 3oi\ 

A species allied to the preceding, but to be recognized by the 
very widely and forwardly ascending pronotal angles ; these, as in 
P. urus, are broadest at apices, and are deeply sinuate near the 
anterior and posterior angles, which are prominent, their central 
area being somewhat roundly truncate ; the pronotal lateral angles 
are distinctly but shortly spinous. 

Length 19 ; breadth between pronotal angles 17 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Sadiya (ChemieU). 



PLACOSTERXUM. 211 

•341. Placosteniiim dama, Fahr. (Cimex) E)if. Syst. iv, p. 92 (1794) ; 
id. (Edessa) Si/st. Ithyng. p. 147 (1803) ; StaJ, Hem. Fabr. i, 
p. 34 (1868). 

A species to be recognized by the more elongate body and the 
much less produced pronotal angles, which are sinuate near the 
anterior angle and then lobately rounded posteriorly ; the lateral 
margins , are simply ci'enulate ; the anteunal joints are piceous 
much speckled with ochraceous. 

Length IS to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 12 
railHm. 

Hah. Pondicherrv {Sfocl-holm Mas.). Assam ; Dikrang (Atkinson 
■Coll). Cochin (d)lL Dht.) ; Trivandrum. 

o42. Placosternum obtusum, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Behj. xxxviii. 
p. 033 (1804). 

A species I have not seen, described by Montandon from a 
female example and stated to differ from all the other species of 
the genus by its relatively narrower shape, and by the pronotal 
angles, which are very large but do not project so much as in the 
other species ; they are bisinua.ted at their apices, the anterior 
lobe only spined and the median lobe very largely rounded. 

Length 22 ; breadth betweeu pronotal angles 16| millim. 

Hah. Mysore. 

A species apparently allied to P. cervus, Dist. 

Division IIHYXCHOCOBAIUA. 

I use this name, employed already by Stal and Atkinson, in a 
somewhat different signification to theirs. In the Bliyncliocoraria 
as here pi'oposed, as in the last division, the abdomen is alwaj's 
more or less distinctly spined at base, sometimes lougly so, in 
other genera the protuberance is more of an angulated tubercle ; 
the pronotal angles are always more or less strongly produced, but 
tlie pronotal margins are entire and neither sen-ate nor dentate. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Abdomen not furrowed. 

a. Basal iiiargiu of pronotuni concave. 

a. Abdoniiual basal spine or tubercle 

short. 

a . Mesosternal process extending be- 
tween anterior coxse Rhyxchocoeis, p. 212. 

//. Mesosternal process extending 
throughout greater length of 
head Vitellus, p. 214. 

b. Abdominal basal spine very long. . . . Lkovitius, p. 215. 

b. Basal margin of pronotum straight .... Sab.ieus, p. 216. 

B. Abdomen witli a broad basal farrow . . .'. Ajiclycar\, p. 217 

p2 



212 



PEIfTATOMID.i:. 



Genus EHYNCHOCORIS- 

Eliyncliocoiis, pait., Westw. in Hope Cat. \, p. 29 (1837) ; Amy. 8j-Serv. 
Hem. p. 152 (1843) ; Ball. List Hem. \, p. 198 (1851) ; Sthl, Ofv. 
Vet.-AJc. Fork. 1867, p. 521. 

Type, R. humeralis, Thunb. 

Distribution. India, Ceylon, Burma, Malay Archipelago. 

Body oblong-ovate, attenuated posteriorly ; lobes ot" the head 
equal in length, lateral lobes usually a little longer than the 
central, sometimes apex of central a little prominent ; rostrum of 
variable length, either neai'ly reaching the apex of the abdomen, or 
only exterded to posterior coxae or to about the base of the third 
abdominal segment ; basal joint of antennse not reaching apex 
of head ; pronotum broad, with a subanterior marginal series of 
punctures, lateral margins sinuate, basal margin concave, posterior 
angles moderately produced and covering basal angles of scutellum, 
lateral angles strongly produced ; lateral abdominal segmental 
angles dentatoly produced ; scutellum large, triangular, rounded at 
the apex ; abdominal basal spine short, inserted in a notch of the 
metasternal process ; mesosternum profoundly ridged, the process 
extended between the anterior coxoe, 

a. Hostrvm lomj, reacJiinr/ apiccd abdominal segment. 

343. Rhyncliocoris humeralis, TJinnb. (Cimex) Nov. Ins. Spec ii, 
p. 40, t. 2, f. 54 (1783) ; Dall. List Hem. i, p. 302 (1851) ; Stal, 
Hem. Fair. \, p. 35 (1868). 
Cimex hamatus, Fahr. Mont. Ins. ii, p. 286 (1787) ; id. (Edessa) 
Syst. Rhyng. p. 147 (1803) ; Biirm. (Acanthosoma) Hand. Ent.ii, 
(i) p. 359 (1835). 
Stoll, Pvn. fF. 135 & 180 (1788). 




Fig. 133. — lihynchoeoris Immcralis. 

Ochraceous or greenish-ochraceous, coarsely punctate ; antennae 
fuscous, basal joint ochraceous streaked with fuscous ; head with 



RHYNCHOCORIS. 213 

the margins of the ceuti-al lobe usually black on disk ; pronotum 
with the lateral angles strongly produced and very coarsely blackly 
punctate, the apices recurved ; scatellum with the apex much 
more tiuely punctate ; connexivum with the segmental angles and 
a spot at base and apex of each incisure black : body beneath and 
legs luteous, stigmata and small lateral marginal spots blaelf. 

Length 21 to 24 ; breadth between pronotal angles 14^ to 16 
millim. 

Hah. North Khiisi Hills (Cheimell). Sibsagar (Lid. Mus.). 
Sikhim {Atldnson Coll.). Burma ; Bhamo {Fca). — Also recorded 
from Siam. 

344. Rhyncliocoris serratus, Don. (Cimex) Ins. Ind., Hem. t. 8, f. 2 

(1800) ; Ami/. S>- Serv. Hem. p. 152, t. 3, f. 2 (1843) ; Ball List 
Hem. i, p. 302 (18ol). 
Stoll, Pun. f. 3 (1788). 

Olive-green or ochraceous ; differing principally from the pre- 
ceding species (2i. humendis) by the lateral angles of the pronotum, 
which are slender, acutely pointed, their apices very slightly 
recurved, black, or very coarsely blackly punctate ; lateral margins 
of the lateral lobe of head profoundly blacJv ; connexivum unspotted, 
the segmental angles only black. 

Length 20 to 24; breadth between pronotal angles 16 to 18 
millim. 

Hab. Malabar. — Found also in the Malay Peninsula, Java, 
Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. 

b. liostntm ahont reacJiiiir/ the thitxl abdominal segment. 

345. Rhynchocoris plagiatiis, If «/A;. (Cuspicoua) Ca;;. //e^. ii, p. 379. 2 

(1867). 
Rhynchocoris tabrobanensis, Bergi\ Rev. d^Entom. x, p. 211 (1891). 

Greenish or ochraceous, thickly and somewhat finely punctate, 
apex of scutellum much more obsoletely punctate ; lateral margins 
of head and margins of central lobe black ; pronotal spines much 
as in i?. sei-rafus, connexivum with the segmental augles black. 
Other characters generally as in II. serratus, from which the present 
species also diifers by its smaller size and shorter rostrum, and 
by the lobes of head being equal in length. Abdomen above 
ochraceous, the apical area from about apex of scutellum purplish- 
black. 

Length 14 to IS; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 14 
millim. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). Ceylon {Green). 

c. Rostrum ahoiU reaching the posterior coxa'. 

346. Rhynchocoris alatus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 172, pi. ii, f. 12. 

Above pale greenish, thickly and coarsely punctate ; lateral 
lobes of head and apical half of central lobe reddisli-ochraceous ; 



214 



PEKTATOMID.T. 



luargius of posterior portion of ceutral lobe blacldsh ; antennae 
with the basal joint ochraceous. black beneath, second and third 
joints black, remainder in specimen described mutilated : basal 
lateral margins of the corium reddisli-ochraceous : connexiviim 
ochraceous with the segmental angles black ; membrane bronzy- 
brown : body beneath and legs ochraceous with a greenish tint ; 
tarsi fuscous ; second joint of antenna? distinctly shorter than the 
third ; central lobe reaching apex of head, which is rounded ; 
lateral angles of the pronotum very strongly and robustly produced 
with their apices acute, the punctures on these processes being 
coarse and black ; rostrum not quite reaching the posterior coxpe. 
its apex black. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13 millim. 

Hah. Njiga Hills {Bolierty). 



Genus VITELLUS. 
Yitelkis, Stid, A7in. Soc, Ent. Fr. 186-j, p. 170. 

Type, V. insidaris, 8tal, a species from the Fiji Islands. 

Distribution. India, Malay Archipelago, and Australasia. 

This genus is allied to Bliyncliocoris, but is separated by the 
greater length of the mesosterual process, which is extended 
throughout the greater length of the head ; the apex of the 
scutellum is more angulate, and the lateral abdominal segmental 
angles are less dentatelj'' produced. 



347. Vitellus orientalis, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 172, pi. ii, f. 11. 

Green or ochraceous, the latter colour probably indicating- 
specimens 



faded 



abdomen above indigo-blue, connexivum 




Fig. 134. — Jltclhis orientalis. 

ochraceous, apical segmental angles black ; membrane })ale fuscous, 
but reflecting the dark colour of the abdomen beneath : body 
beneath concolorous, the segmental incisures and linear stigmatal 
spots usually much darker or piceous ; lateral posterior segmental 



LEOTITIUS. 



215 



apices black ; antennfe black, the basal joint ochraceous ; second 
joint of antennae a little shorter than third ; head somewhat trans- 
versely wrinkled ; pronotum coarsely punctate, the lateral angh^s 
produced into prominent robust acute spines, their apices slightly 
recurved : scutellum and corium coarsely punctate ; basal lateral 
margin ot' corium sanguineous ; apical angles of sixth abdominal 
segment strongly spinously produ^ced. 

Length 14 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 12 
millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {^Hampson and Atldnson Coll.). 

Genus LEOVITIUS. 
Leovitius, Blst. A. M. N. H. (7) v, p. 425 (1900). 

Type, L. macracanthus, Dall. 

Distrihution. jN'orthern India. 

Head of moderate size, narrowed anteriorly, the lateral lobes 
scarcely passing the central and not meeting in front, which is 
thus obscurely notched ; antennae five-jointed, first joint not 
reaching apex of head, second much shorter than either third, 
fourth, or fifth joints, which ai'e subequal in length ; rostrum 
reaching the posterior coxae, second joint much longer than the 
third, first joint not quite as long as the head ; pronotum deflected 
anteriorly, the anterior margin strongly concavely sinuate, the 
lateral angles prominently, broadly, and obtusely produced ; 
scutellum broad, the apex rounded ; abdomen extending a little 
beyond the corium on each side, with a strong basal spine which 
passes the anterior coxae. 

348. Leovitius macracanthus, Ball. (Raphigaster ?) Lkt Hem. '\, 

p. 289 (1851). 

Ochraceous, very thickly and darkly punctate ; scutellum with 
the punctures near apex distinctly darker ; disk of corium 

irregularly tinged with 
castaneous ; membrane 
fuliginous : lateral mar- 
gins of the pronotum 
very narrowly (broadly 
at lateral angles), and 
basal lateral margins of 
corium, reddish - ochra- 
ceous, sprinkled with 
coarse black punctures ; 
connexiviim reddish- 
ochraceous, spotted oli- 
vaceous at bases and 
Fig. 135. — Leovitius macracanthus. apices of segmental in- 

cisures : body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; prosternum and abdomen coarsely punctate : 
lateral margins of sternum reddish-ochraceous, sprinkled with 




216 



PENTATOMID.E. 



coarse black punctures ; two black spots on each lateral area o£ 
the sternal incisures ; stigmata black ; ventral spine passing the 
anterior coxae, its apex black. "Antennae with the second joint very 
short, scarcely more than half the length of the third ; the two 
basal joints testaceous: third joint black, with the base testaceous; 
fourth and fifth joints black, with their bases dull orange.'" 

Length 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hah. N. India {Brit. Mus.). Cachar (Browning). 



Genus SAB^US. 

SabjBus, Stdl, Of v. Vct.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 513. 

Type, S. spinosus, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental Region. 

Body obovate ; head moderately inclined and gradually narrowed 
forvvardly, lateral margins slightly sinuate, lobes of equal length ; 
rostrum extending beyond the posterior coxae ; basal joint of 
antennae reaching or slightly passing the apex of head ; pronotum 
obliquely deflected aiiteriorly, its basal margin straight, lateral 
angles spinously produced ; scutellum of moderate size, narrowed 
to apex ; apical angle of corium rounded ; mesosternum distinctly 
cariuate ; apical segmental angles moderately prominent ; base of 
abdomen with a short obtuse tuberculous spine arising from the 
second segment. 

349. Sabaeus humeralis. Ball. (Rhaphigaster) List Hem. i, p. 278 
(1851); Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) v, p. 393 (1900). 

Sabaeus spinosus (pt.), Leth. Sf Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. t. i, p. 168 
(1893) ; Atk. (pt.) J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 122 (1888). 

Ouspicona smaragdina, Walk. Cat. Het. n, p. 380 (1867). 

Pale olivaceous-green, thickly and somewhat coarsely punc- 
tate, disks of lateral lobes to head and a spot behind base of 

each lateral pronotal angle 
reddish-ochraceous ; mem- 
brane pale greenish sub- 
hyaline : body beneath and 
legs paler green, disk of 
sternum and abdomen 
suffused \\ii\i ochraceous ; 
antennae with first, second, 
and tliird joints green, 
fourth and apex of third 
black ; pronotal spines 
longly and acutely pro- 
duced, coarsely punctate, 
their extreme apices black. 
Length 16| to 17 ; 
breadth between pronotal angles 13 millira. 

Hah. Assam (Atkinson Coll.). Sylhet and Barma(Brit. Mns.). — 
Li my own collection is a specimen from China. 




Fig-. 136. — Sah(Bus humeralis. 



AMBLYOAEA . 



217 



Genus AMBLYCAEA. 

Abeona, Stal, En. Hem. v, pp. 67 & \Q'2 (1876), nom. praocc. 
Aiublycara, Benjr. Rev. tVEntom. x, p. 214 (1891). 

Type, A. gladiatorla, Stal. 

Distrihution. India, Ceylon. 

Head with the lateral margins nearly straight, the apex obtusel}'- 
and broadly rounded ; antennae five-johited, basal joint not reaching 
apex of head ; pronotum «ith the lateral margins sinuate, callous 
and levigate in front of the lateral angles, which are acuminately 
produced, posterior margin straight, anterior margin moderately 
concave ; corium with the costal margin at base callous and thence 
moderately rounded and amplified, narrowing again to apex ; 
abdomen with a broad central furrow extending into the fourth 
segment, and terminating anteriorly in a short basal spinous 
tubercle. 



350. Amblycara gladiatoria, Stal (Abeona), En. Hem. v, p. 102 (1876). 

Pale ochraceous, thickly darkly punctate; head, anterior marginal 

area of pronotum, basal area 
of scutellum, continued in a 
central fascia towards apex, 
very palely castaneous or 
simply darker ochraceous ; 
antennae luteous, apices of 
third, fourth, and fifth joints 
broadly black ; pronotum 
with the anterior lateral 
margiias somewhat broadly 
levigate, luteous, the anterior 
margins of the pronotal 
spines black ; connexivum 
black, very coarsely punctate, 
with its lateral margins 

ochraceous ; membrane bronzy, its apical margins generally paler, 

its interior angles somewhat opaque : body beneath and legs 

ochraceous, stigmata black. 

Length 20 to 21 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 to 13 

millim. 

Hah. India {Vwnna Mus.). Ceylon {Green). 

The specimen figured is a typical one kindly forwai'ded to me 

for that purpose from Vienna by Dr. Ilandlirsch ; Stal's habitat 

*' India Orientalis " is vague. I have received the species through 

Mr. Green from Ceylon. 



7',/^^/ 




Fig. 137. — Aiiiblyeara gladlaforia. 



218 PENTATOMID.^. 

Division NEZARIA. 

In the yezaria the pronotal angles are not prockiced hut are 
rounded or subprominent, thus differing from the previous division. 
The abdomen is always more or less distinctly spined at base, and 
the head is moderately narrowed to apex and more or less sinuated 
at the lateral margins. 

The genus Catacanthvs, which is here included, is not strictly 
homogeneous, though agreeing in the divisional characters. In 
arranging the whole of the subfamily, I should place it in a group 
of genera not found in the fauna of British India, but consider it 
inexpedient to here make a division for a single geuus. 

Siinojpsis of Genera. 

A. Abdomen obtusely or tuberculously spinous 

at base. 

a. Lateral margins of pronotum not, or, rarely, 

very slightly, retlexed. 

a. Abdomen not furrowed. 

a'. Head thickly pmictate ; abdomen 

punctate Nkzak.\, p. 219. 

b'. Head very sparsely punctate ; abdomen 

subriigose, not punctate Zaxgis, p. 221. 

b. Abdomen furrowed Jurtixa, p. 223. 

B. Abdomen acutely spinous at base. 

b. Anterior tibiee moderately dilated ; lateral 

margins of pronotum retlexed Catacaxthus, p. 218. 

c. Anterior tibite not dilated ; lateral 

margins of pronotum not retlexed Piezodobus, p. 22-1. 

Genus CAT ACANTHUS. 

Catacanthus, Spin. Ess. p. 352 (1837) ; Dull, (pt.) Lid Hem. i, p. 19(> 
(1851). 

Type, G. incarnatus, Dru. 

Distribution. Oriental and Australasian Kegions ; also found in 
Qhina and Japan. 

Body ovate, beneath moderately convex ; head with the lateral 
margins reflexed, lobes of equal length ; antenniferous tubercles 
visible from above ; antenna? live-jointed, basal joint extending a 
little beyond the apex of the head ; pronotum with the anterior 
margni slightly elevated, lateral margins acute, reflexed ; scutellum 
narrowed posteriorly ; membrane extending considerably beyond 
the apex of the abdomen, veins numerous and simple ; mesosternum 
somewhat obsoletely carinate ; abdomen prominently spined at 
base ; connexivum exposed beyond corium ; anterior tibise mode- 
ratel}^ dilated. 

351. Catacanthus incarnatus, Z)r;r. (Cimex) ///. ii, p. 67, pi. 36, f. 5- 

(1773) ; Doll. List Hem. i, p. 270 (1851). 
Cimex nigripes, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 710 (1775) : Fabr. (Edessa) 

Syst. Rhj7uj. p. 149 (1803). 
Cimex melanopus, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i (4) p. 2149 (1788). 



NEZAEA. 



219 




138.^ Catavanfhus iwamcdus 



Var. 



Ciuiex auvantius, SiUz. Gesch. Ins. p. 96, t. 10, f. 10 (1776). 
Pentatoiua aurautiacuiu, BlancJi. Hist, des Ins. iii, p. 29, Hon. 
t. G, f. 4 (1840-41). 

Pale sanguineous, reddish -ochraceous, or luteous ; head, antennae, 

anterior and anterior 
lateral margins of pronotum, 
two basal spots to scutellum, 
a discal spot on each cerium, 
the membrane, and a series 
of large spots to connexivuui, 
bluish -black : body beneath 
ochraceous ; legs, rostrum, 
anterior lateral margins of 
presternum, a lateral spot 
on mesosternum, basal seg- 
ment and large marginal 
spots to abdomen, bluish- 
black. 

Var. a. Scutellum without 
the basal spots. 
b. Both scutellum and corium unspotted. 
Length 25 to 30 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Assam ; Kh:isi Hills (Chennell) ; Margherita 
{Dolwty). Calcutta; Karachi; Bombay (LeitJi) ; Kanara {Coll. 
Dist.) ; Malabar; Pondicherry ; Ceylon ^^GVem). Burma; Rangoon 
{Coll. Dist.) ; Bhamo {Fea) ; Tenasserim {Ind. Mus.). — Also 
largely distributed throughout the Malayan Archipelago ; and 
reported from Japan and Corea. 

352, Catacanthus mirabilis, Dist. Tv. E. S. 1901, p. .585, pi. xvi, 

f. -3, a, b. 

Eeddish-ochraceous ; head, lateral and anterior margins of 
pronotum, two-thirds of the scutellum from base terminating in a 
lanceolate line, a large transverse rounded spot coinpletely crossing 
corium a little beyond middle, sternum, disk of basal abdominal 
segment, and large lateral abdominal spots dark bluish-green ; 
antenna?, legs, two discal spots to pronotum, a series of large 
marginal spots to connexivuui, and central abdominal spots to 
abdomen, dark indigo- blue ; membrane brassy-black ; extreme 
apices of femora, coxae, lateral margins of meso- and metasterna, 
posterior margin of metasternum, and basal abdominal spine, 
ochraceous. 

Length 28 millim. 
Hah. Travancore. 

Genus NEZARA. 
Xezara, Amy. Sf Serv. Hem. p. 143 (1843); Stdl, Hem. Afr. L 

pp. 82 & 192 (1864). 
Rhaphigaster, Dull, (pt.) List Hem. i, p. 274 (1851). 
Acrosternum, Fieher, Eur. Hem. pp. 78 & 329 (1861). 
Subff. Pellfea, St&l, En. Hem. ii, p. 40 (1871). 



220 



PENTATOMIDJ;. 



Type, JV. virklula. 

Distribution. Aliriost universally distributed. 

Body oval or obovate ; head somewhat laterally sinuate, lobes 
of equal length ; autenuse five-jointed, basal joint not reaching 
apex of head ; pronotum with the lateral margins not or very 
rarely slightly reflexed, truncate behind the eyes ; mesosternum 
moderately carinate ; abdomen tuberculately spinous at base. 






353. Nezara viridula, Linn. (Cimex) Syst. Nat. ed. 10, p. 444 (17o8) ; 

Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 193 (1864). 
Cimex smaragdnla, Fabr. Si/sf. Ent. p. 711 (1775). 
Cimex torquatus, Fabr. Si/s't. Ent. p. 710 (1775). 
Pentatoma flavicoUis & flaviconiis, Pnlis. de Beauv. Ins. Hem. p. 185, 

t. 11, f. 4(1805). 
Pentatoma uuicolor, ohlonga, suhsericea, leii, tripunotigera, proxima, 

cliineusis, beiylina, Westio. in Hope Cat. i, pp. 37, 38 (1837). 
Pentatoma plicaticolUs, Lucas., Expl. Alger., his. p. 87 ; Hem. t. 3, 

f. 9 (1849). 
Pentatoma vicaria, Jfalk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 303 (1867). 
For fnll synonymy cf. Dist. Biol. Centr.-Am., Eliyuch. i, p. 78 (1880). 

Pale or dark green, sometimes greenish-ochraceous, densely 

punctate ; antennae green, 
apices of the third and 
apical areas of fourtli 
and fifth joints purplish- 
brown ; extremity of seg- 
mental angles to abdomen 
black. 

Var. rt. Head (excluding 
base) and anterior area 
and lateral margins of 
pronotum pale luteous. 

A'ar. h. Above greenish- 
ochraceous ; two spots at 
base of head, three spots 
on anterior ai'ea of pro- 
notum, three basal and an apical spot to scutellum, and a discal 
spot on apical ax-ea of corium, green. 
Length 12 to 16 millim. 

Jfab. round throughout the whole of British India. — This 
species is also distributed throughout the Paltearctic, Nearctic, 
and Ethiopian Eegions, and over a large portion of the Neo- 
tropical, Oriental, and Australasian Hegious. 

In India it has been found " on Potato-halms in Bangalore " 
(J. Cameron), and near Bombay " mostly on the leaves of Gytuiri- 
dropsis jtentajjhi/Ua '' (B. 21. Dixon). 

354. Nerara antennata, Scott, A. M. N. H. (4) xiv, p. 299 (1874). 
Var. Nezara icterica, Horv. Tcrmesz. Filzetek, xii, p. 31 (1889). 
Var. Nezara balteata, Horv. loc. cit. p. 32. 

A smaller and broader species than N. viridula, with the apex 




Fig. 139. — Nezara viridula. 



ZANGIS. 221 

of third and upper halves of fourth and fifth joints of anteunre 
black: the pronotum and scutellum are also subrugulose ; other 
colour-markings as in iV. viridida. 

Horvath has also described {supra) similar colour varieties as 
occurring with the previous species. 

Length 12 to 13 millim. 

Hah. Himalaya (vide -ffori'rtifZi).— Originally described from Japan 
and received from China. 

355. Nezara graminea, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. Lis. ii, p. iO-j (1787) : 
Stdl {Acvostenimn) , Hem. Faf/r. i, p. 31 (1868) ; Atl-. (Acrosternum) 
J.A.S. B. Ivii, p. 118 (1888). 
Cimex seladouius, Fahr. Ent. Syst. iv, p. 114 (1794). 
Pentatoma lemur, Dohrn, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 401 (1860) ; 
Kirby, J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv. p. 84 (1801). 

Above green or yellowish-green : thickly punctate ; lateral 
margins of pronotum and basal lateral margins of corium luteous 
or yellowish-green ; apex of scutellum with two small subcallous 
whitish spots : body beneath and legs pale greenish, legs more or 
less streaked and suffused with yellowish-green, disk of abdomen 
luteous ; antennae pale fuscous, bases of first, second, and third 
joints more or less distinctly pale greenish. 

Length 7 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Ootacamund and Calcutta (vide Atlinson). Ceylon {Coll. 
Hist.). 

356. Nezara nigromaculata, sp. n. 

Above pale green, somewhat coarsely punctate and obsoletely 
subrugulose ; corium a little darker in hue ; scutellum with a 
small shining black spot on each side a little before apex; lateral 
mai'gins of pronotum, base of lateral margins to corium, and 
margins of connexivum nari'owly luteous : membrane pale hyaline ; 
antennae pale gi'eenish, fourth and fifth joints black : body beneath 
and legs very pale greenish or yello\^ish-green, the tarsi and apices 
of tibiae black. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon {Lewis). 

Genus ZANGIS.- ^ ''^ 

Zangis, Stal, Ofv. J^et.-AIc. Fiirh. 1807, p. 514 ; En. Hem. v, p. 64 
(1876). _ . 

Type, Z. heryilus, Fabr. 

Distribution. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian Eegions ; 
also found in China. 

Closely allied to Nezara and separated by Stal on the following- 
characters : — Abdominal basal tubercle very distinctly elevated, an- 
teriorly angulated and somewhat compressed, about reaching the 
metasternum, which is elevated and usually sinuated posteriorly : 



222 PENTATOMID,!:. 

bemelytrii above and beneath green ; membrane entirely colourless ; 
body more robust, a little less broadly obovate ; abdomen aeiculately 
subrugose, not punctate ; head less punctate. In Zangis the colour 
of the species is also usually of a more intense and shining 
character. 

357. Zangis beryllus, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. Ins. ii, p. 292 (1787) ; 
Stal, Jlcm. Fab): i, p. ;:^3 (1868). 

8uboval, palely and somewhat sordidly flavescent, shining, above 
less densely punctate ; antennae with the tirst and second joints 
pale green, third fuscous green at base, fourth and fifth testaceous 
yellowish-white at base : extreme margin of head, and two 
longitudinal lines, converging anteriorly and distant posteriorly, 
a small line before the ocelli, a line above the antenniferous 
tubercles, four minute spots on the anterior area of the j^ronotum, 
six in transverse series before middle, behind which are several 
ari'anged in undulating transverse series, four minute basal spots 
to scutellum, one marginal on each side before middle and several 
scattered on posterior area, spots and small transverse lines to 
exterior area of coriura, spots to sternum, bases and apices of 
abdominal segmental angles, bases and apices of the incisures on 
connexivum, and apex of rostrum, black; membrane sordid hyaline ; 
anterior lateral margins of prouotum and base of lateral margins 
to coriuni ochraceous. 

Length 15 ; breadth 8 millim. 

Hah. " Tranquebar." 

I have not seen the typical form of this species ; the above 
characters are from those given by Stal from an examination of 
the Fabrician type. 

Var. crassa, ll'cstw. (reutatoma) in Hope Cat. i, p. 39 (1837) ; 
Hall. (Cuspicoua !") Lid Hem. i, p. 297 (1851). 

Green or brownish-ochraceous ; head, anterior area and lateral 
margins of pronotum pale ochraceous. 

Length 16 : breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Assam {CoU. Dist.). — I have seen several specimens of 
this variety from China, whence it was originally described. 

358. Zangis dorsalis, Duhm (Rhaphioastev), Sfx'tt. ent. Zcit. xxi, 
p. 401 (1860) : Kirhy. J. Linn. Soc., Zuol. xxiv, p. 85 (1891). 
Zangis virgiuea, >SfSl, En. Hem. v, p. 93 (1876). 

Above bright pale olivaceous-green ; pronotum and scutellum 
sparsely and coarsely punctate, corium thickly and more finely 
punctate ; lateral margins of head and pronotum very narrowly 
piceous, within the dark margins is a pale submarginal fascia"; 
apical margin of the scutellum and the connexivum pale yellowish- 
<'reen ; abdomen above pale purplish : body beneath and legs very 
pale green, disk of abdomen luteous ; stigmata and some sternal 



.TLIKTINA. 223 

spots black ; anteunse greenish-ochraceous ; apex of third and 
apical halves of fourth aud fifth joints pale castaneous. 




Fig. 140. — Zangis dorsalis. 

f, ; lu some specimens there is a distinct linear black marginal spot 
on each side of scutelhnn near apex and a black linear discal 
streak on corium. 

Length 12 to 14 millim. 
^ Hah. Cejdon (Green). 

ooQ. Zangis albomaculata, sp. n. 

Pale grassy-green, very thickly and finely punctate ; scutellum 
with two whitish marginal spots near apex ; antennae with the 
first, second, aud third joints pale green (remaining joints muti- 
lated in type) ; pronotum with two transverse spots on anterior 
area, four longitudinal on disk (of Mhich the two central are 
smallest, and the outermost largest and broadest at base), and a 
rounded spot at each lateral angle, obscure pale olivaceous ; 
abdomen above ochraceous : body benearh and legs pale greenish 
much suffused with ochraceous ; apex of rostrum and apices of 
the segmental apical angles black ; an obscure pale lateral 
submarginal fascia to pronotum. 

Length IS ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Ilab. Bombay (Leith). 

Genus JURTINA. 

.Turtiiia, Sid/, Of v. Vet.-Akad. Fork. 1867, p. 518. 
Gastraulax, part., Herr.-Schciff. Wmiz. Ins. vii, p. 61 (1844). 

Type, /. indica, Dall. 

Distribution. Madagascar and neighbouring islands, India, Malay 
Archipelago, and New Caledonia. 

Head shorter than the pronotum, forwardly narrowed, the apex 
rounded, lobes of equal length ; basal joint of antennae not quite 
reaching apex of head ; rostrum very long, sometimes almost 
reaching the apex of the abdomen ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins almost straight, anterior margin truncate behind eyes, 



224 



PEI^TATOMID.E. 



lateral angles subpromiuent ; scutellum of moderate size, sub- 
triangular ; mesosternum with a somewhat high carination or 
ridge, metasternum slightly elevated ; abdomen with a deep and 
broad central furrow terminating at base in an obtuse tubercle or 
pine. 

360. Jurtina indjca, Ball (Bathyccelia) List Hem. i, p. 270 (1851) ; 
Eirhij (BatliYccelia), J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 85, pi. iv, f. 15 ; 
SW, En. Hem. \, p. 102 (1876). 

Pale green or ochraceous, thickly and minutely punctate ; lateral 

margins of the prouotutu 
"---. .,- violaceous ; scutellum 

with, a subfoveate black 
spot with a pale levigate 
margin in each basal 
angle ; corium with the 
base of lateral margins 
usually somew'hat darker 
or more pronounced in 
hue ; membrane trans- 
parent, colourless ; body 
beneath and legs very 
pale ochraceous; sternum 
finely punctate, abdomen 
impunctate ; antennae 

with the first and second joints and base of third pale violaceous, 

remaining joints pale ochraceous. 
Length 19 to 21 millim. 
Hah. jSTorth India {Brit. Mus.). Bombay {Lelth). 




Fig. 141. — Jurtina indica. 



Genus PIEZODORUS. 

Piezodorus, Fieber, Eur. Hem. pp. 78 .t 329 (1861) ; Stal, En. Hem. 
ii, p. 44(1872). 

Type, P. incarnatus, Germ., a Palsearctic species. 

Disirihution. Generally distributed. 

Body oblong, ovate ; head short, slightly narrowed anteriorly, 
lateral margins moderately sinuate ; antennae five-jointed, basal 
joint not reaching apex of head : rostrum reaching or passing the 
intermediate coxae ; basal spine of abdomen acute and moderately 
long ; extreme apex of clavus with a punctiform black or fuscous 
spot. 

361. Piezodorus ruhrofasciatus, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. Lns. ii, p. 29-3 
(1787) ; Stal, Hem. Fabr. I, p. 32 (1868). 
Cimex hybneri, Gjnel. iSyst. Nat. i (4) p. 2151 (1788). 
Cimex flavescens, Fabr. Ent. Syst. Sujjpl. p. 534 (1798). 
Ehaphigaster flavolineatus, Westtv. in Hope, Cat. i, p. 31 (1837). 
Eliaphigaster viresceus, Amy. S,- Serv. Hem. p. 148 (1843). 



PIEZODORUS. 



Xezava pelliicida, Ellenv. Nat. Tijdschr. Neclerl. Ind. xxiv, p. 1.57 

f. 26 (1862). 
Rliapliigaster oceaniciis, Montr. Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, (2) xi, p. 224 

(1864). 
TthapUigaster exteiiuatiis >fe pallescens, Walk. Cat. Het. ii. ]}.'-j71. 

84, & iii, p. 568 (1867-8). 

Above pale greenish, or luteous tinged with greenish, thickly 

punctate ; pronotum with the 
lateral margins ocliraceous or 
reddish -oehraceous, with a trans- 
verse pale or purplish fascia 
between the pronotal angles, 
where the punctures are more 
sparse ; clavus with a small black 
apical spot ; basal lateral margin of 
corium and the connexivum pale 
purplish or sanguineous ; membrane 
colourless : body beneath and legs 
pale luteous, a little more coarsely 
punctate than above ; antennte 
with the apex of the third, some- 
times the whole joint, and the fourth and fifth joints purplish. 
Length 8 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim; Afisam (Atkinson); Bengal. Bombay; Bor Grhiit 
(Dixon). Ceylon (Lewis). Upper Burma (Coll. Dist.). — This species 
is also distributed throughout the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago, 
it is found in Japan, and is a somewhat common species in Austral- 
asia (I possess specimens from Tahiti). It has also been recorded, 
but I think erroneously, from Zanzibar and Abyssinia, the African 
species being apparently F. pallescens, Germ. 




Fig. 142. 

Pie~odo)'us nihrofasciatus. 



Division MEN ID All! A. 

This division as here understood embraces a number of genera 
which agree with the previous division Nezaria in having the 
lateral angles of the pronotum rounded or subprominent, and the 
abdomen always more or less distinctly spined at base, but differs 
by the shorter aud broader head, which is neither distinctly 
narrowed to apex nor prominently sinuate at lateral margins. 



tSi/noiDsis of Genera. 

A. Head about as loug as breadth between eyes, 
or not longer, 
a. Basal abdominal spiue tiibercnlous, short. 
a. Lateral niavgius of prouotuni not sinuate. 
r«\ Metasternuni moderately elevated. 
a'. Head not refiexed at apex. 

a'K Rostrum reaching the posterior 

COXifi VCKSINES, p. 231. 

i''. Rostrum reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae DuNNius, p. 231, 

l)-^. Head reflexed at apex Patbrcui.us, p. 233. 

YOL. I. Q. 



226 



PENTATOMIB.i. 



b. Basal abdominal spine variable in length. 

/>'. Metasternum not elevated Menida, p. 226. 

b. Lateral margins of pronotum sinuate . . Dabessus, p. 234. 

c. Basal abdominal spine long and slender, 

passing the intermediate coxse Cresphontes, p.^235. 

B. Head a little longer than the breadth between 

eyes Phavorikus, p. 23G. 



Genus MENIDA. 

Menida, MotscJi. Ei Eat. x, p. 23 (1861) ; Sm, En. Hem. \, p. 97 

(1876). 
Stromatocoris, JuA-owI. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1876, p. 02. 
Pygomeuida, Bredd. Ent. Kachr. xxiv, p. 116 (1898). 

Type, M. violacea, Motsch., from Eastern Siberia and Japan. 

Distribution. Generally distributed. 

Head broad, not much narro^^■ed anteriorly, lateral margins 
scarcely sinuate ; basal joint of antennae not reaching apex of 
head ; rostrum about extending to posterior coxse ; pronotum with 
the lateral margins nearly straight, the anterior and posterior 
margins very slightly sinuate : scutellum broad, subtriangular. 
Base of abdomen vpith a well-developed spine or tubercle arising 
from the second abdominal segment, 

362. Menida forinosa, Westw. (Pentatoma) in Hvpc Cat. i, p. 34 (1837) ; 
8tm, En. Hem. v. p. 99 (1876). _ 
lUiaphigaster spectandus, Stcd, Frecj. Eikj. Reset, Ins. Hem. p. 230 

(1859). 
llhaphigaster albidens, Elhnr. Nat. Tijdschr. NederL lad. xxiv, 
p. 159 (1862). 

Shining dark castaneous, thickly punctate; head with three 
pale ochraceous lines and a small spot of the same colour before 
the eyes ; pronotum a\ ith the anterior and lateral margins, two 

transverse annulatious on an- 
terior area followed by a 
waved fascia, ochraceous : 
scutellum Mith a large spot 
at each basal angle, sometimes 
connected at basal margin, and 
a large anchor-shapecl apical 
spot, sometimes conuected 
with the basal spots, ochra- 
ceous ; corium with the basal 
lateral margin and a discal 
spot ochraceous ; all the 
ochraceous markings levigate , 
membi"ane colourless : body 




Fig. 143. — ^Menida fonnosa. 



beneath and legs ochraceous ; the whole disk of sternum, sub- 
lateral margins and a central macular fascia to abdomen, castaneous ; 
sternum coarsely punctate, abdomen sparsely and laterally punctate; 
apices of the anterior and intermediate tibiae, apices of posterior 



MEIflDA. 227 

femora, bases and apices of posterior tibiae, and the tarsi dark 
castaneous ; veutral spine long and slender, just passing the 
intermediate coxae ; antennae ochraceous, apex of third joint, and 
fourth and fifth joints excluding bases, fuscous. 

Length 6 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Atl-inson). Bombay (Leith). Burma ; Bhamo, 
Karennee (Feci). Tenasserim ; Myitta (DoJiert)/). — Also distributed 
throughout the Malay Peninsula and some of the ^^•estern islands 
of the Malayan Archipelago. 

3G3. Menida varipennis, Westw. (Pentatoma) m Hope Cat. Hem. i, 
p. 43 (1837); Hall. (Rhapliigaster) List Hem. i, p. 286 (1851) ; 
Bredd. (Pvgomenida) E^it. Nachr. xxiv. p. 116 (1898) ; Stdl. En. 
JTe7M. V, p"98(1876). 

Brassy-black, moderately punctate ; head witli three lines, the 
lateral ones dislocated, and a spot before each eye ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the anterior and lateral margins, and an anterior 
discal fascia centrally broken, sometimes followed by some 
scattered linear markings, oclu'aceous ; scutellum with a long 
irregularly oblique spot at each basal angle and the apex ochraceous 
or pale luteous ; corium with a pale luteous discal spot, and the 
basal angle and margin dull ochraceous ; all the pale markings 
levigate : body beneath black ; legs ochraceous ; lateral sternal 
margins, coxae, lateral abdominal spots, two central discal series 
of spots (two in series or sometimes three), and the abdominal 
spine luteous ; antennae ochraceous. Abdominal spine reaching 
the intermediate coxae. 

Var. Corium dull ochraceous with the apical marginal area 
black. 

Length 6 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Atlcinson). Khasi Hills (Chennell). Tenasserim 
(Atl-inson). — Also recorded from the Malay Peninsula and Java. 

364. Menida flavovaria, Dall. (Rhapliigaster) List Hem. i, p. 288 
(1851) ; Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 98 (1876). 

Black, thickly and finely punctate ; head with a few ochraceous 
dots, which are sometimes absent ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins, a spot at the middle of the anterior margin, a transverse 
central discal spot (sometimes broken and sometimes absent), and a 
spot at centre of basal margin ochraceous ; scutellum with a cruci- 
form discal spot connected with base (sometimes broken), a spot at 
each basal angle, and the apical margin ochraceous ; corium witli a 
discal spot and base of lateral margin ochraceous : membrane pale 
fuscous hyaline : body beneath black ; legs, basal abdominal spine, 
and rostrum ochraceous : lateral abdominal spots and lateral 
sternal margins luteous. Abdominal spine reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae. 

Length 6 to 8 millim. 

Hab. Sikhim. Assam (Atlinson), Bombay (Leith). 

q2 



228 PEXTATOMID.Ti. 

365. Menida apicalis, DaU. (Rbaphio'aster) Lid Hem. i,p. 1^85 (1851) ; 
StcU (Eaphigaster), En. Hem. v,p. 129 (1876). 

" Above pale greyish olive. Head with six black punctured 
lines on the anterior portion, which unite more or less on the 
vertex, making that part nearly black, with irregular pale spots. 
Pronotum rather thickly punctured with black, the punctures 
arranged somewhat in transverse lines, with the anterior portion 
of the disk blackish, the anterior and lateral margins with a narrow 
whitish edge. Scutellum rather thicldy punctured with black, 
with a small orange spot in each basal angle, a large round black 
spot in the middle of the base, and a black spot on each lateral 
margin near the apex. Coriaceous portion of the elytra rather 
thickly punctured with black, with the apex and a submarginal 
spot near the middle black; membrane transparent, brownish. 
3Iargins o£ the abdomen variegated with black and yellow, very 
thickly punctured. Abdomen beneath greyish testaceous, with 
the sides rather thickly and strongly punctured with black ; ventral 
spine long, reaching the intermediate coxae. Breast testaceous, 
thickly punctured with black. Legs testaceous, thickly punctured 
with black ; tarsi with the apical joint brown. Eostrum testaceous 
with the tip black. Antenna? with the three basal joints testaceous ; 
fourth and fifth black, with the base testaceous." (Dallas.) 

Length 9 millim. 

ffab. North India {Boys Coll., Brit. Mus.). 

:366. Menida histrio, Fahr. (Cimex) Mant. Ins. ii, p. 296 (1787); StM 
( Antestia), Hem. Fabr. i, p. 34 (1868 ) ; id. En. Hem. v, p. 98 (1876). 
Rhapliigaster concinnus, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 285 (1851). 
llhaphigaster stracliioides, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 365. 63 (1867). 

Ochraceous, sparingly blackly punctate ; head with the margins 
and four longitudinal lines blackly punctate ; pronotum with an 
anterior submarginal black line and two transverse annulate black 
markings on anterior area ; scutellum with a spot in each basal 
angle and the apex reddish ochraceous, an anterior discal spot 
and one on each lateral margin a little before apex black ; corium 
with the disk more or less greyish-olivaceous, the apical area 
reddish-ochraceous, containing a black spot ; conuexivum ochra- 
ceous spotted with black ; membrane colourless : body beneath, 
rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; a broad sublateral margin to 
sternum and abdomen and a central abdominal series of spots 
black ; antennae ochraceous. Ventral spine reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae. 

Length 6| to 8 millim. 

Hah. Calcutta. Bangalore {Lid. JIns.). Burma ; Bhamo, 
Schwego-Myo {Fea). — Also received from China and Formosa. 

367. Menida distincta, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1879, p. 122 ; id. Sec. Tarkand 
yiiss., lihynch. p. 6, f. 3 (1879). 

Luteous, covered with strong greenish-black punctures ; head 



MEXIDA. 229 

with the latex'al margins aucl tour luiigiturlinal furrowed punctured 
lines greenish-black : antennae pilose, luteous, apex of the first 
joint and apical half of the third black ; fourth and fifth black, 
narrowly luteous at base ; rostrum luteous, apex piceous ; pro- 
notum with an anterior submarginal line of greenish-black 
punctures, and two transverse sub-auuulate punctured spots of the 
same colour on anterior disk ; scutellum with a large central sub- 
basal greenish-black spot, and a small indistinct one of the same 
colour on each lateral margin a little before apex ; membrane 
colourless : body beneath and legs luteous, sparingly punctured 
with black. Abdominal spine reaching the intermediate cox*. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hah. Murree ; Sind Valley, Kashmir {StoUczka). 

368. Menida labecula, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) v, p. 396 (1900). 

Ochraceous, thickly and coarsely brownly punctate ; head with 
the lateral and basal margins and the margins of central lobe 
piceous ; prouotuin with two transverse foveate spots on anterior 
area ; scutellum with a large discal castaneous spot near base and 
two smaller spots of the same colour near apex, behind which is a 
small linear spot, the apex paler and less punctate ; connexivum 
ochraceous, spotted with castaneous : body beneath and legs 
ochraceous : lateral margins and apical segment of abdomen 
castaneous ; a cluster of black punctures near anterior coxae and 
some silky piceous transverse patches on lateral areas of meso- and 
metasterna ; antennae ochraceous, apical joint sometimes castaneous. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green cf- Lewis). 

369. Menida atkinsoni, Uisf. Tr. E. S. 1900, p. 171, pi. ii, f. 10. 

Black ; a central discal quadrate spot to pronotum, a large 
oblique spot near each basal angle of scutellum, apical margins of 
scutellum, narrow lateral margins to pronotum and corium, legs, 
abdominal spine, and a broken lateral linear margin to abdomen, 
ochraceous ; antennae ochraceous, basal and third joints some^'hat 
inf uscated, fourth and fifth joints mutilated in specimen described ; 
the body above is thickly and coarsely punctate excepting the 
ochraceous markings, \\hich are almost impunctate. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Mungphu {Atkinson Coll.). 

370. Menida rubriplaga, IVal/c. (Rhaphigaster) Cat. Hef. ii, p. 365 

(1867). 
8tramineous ; posterior area of pronotimi and the corium 
coarsely punctate ; head, anterior area of pronotum, and scutellum 
finely punctate ; a transverse fascia between pronotal angles, two 
central basal and two subapical spots narrowly connected to 
scutellum, and apical angles of corium pale sanguineous : body 



230 P£NTATOMID,i:. 

beneath and legs stramineous ; stigmata and small marginal spots 
to abdomen black ; tarsi and antennae ochraceous. Ventral spine 
reaching the intermediate coxte. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Sind {Coll. Dist.). " Hindostan " {Brit. JIus.). 

371. Menida bisignata, If'alJ:. (Rhaphigaster) Cat. Het. n, p. 366 

(1867). 

"Testaceous, elongate-elliptical, thickly and minutely punctured; 
punctures black : antenna? black, first and second joints tawny ; 
thorax transversely and very slightly impressed in front, a transverse 
triangular black mark with a testaceous disk on each side in front of 
the impression ; scutellum less thickly punctured thaii the thorax, 
a blackish dot on each side near the tip ; abdomen black ; cou- 
nexivura testaceous ; underside witli two testaceous stripes which 
do not extend to the tip : ventral spine obtuse, extremely short, not 
extending to the hind coxae ; femora and tibite with tawny tips ; 
corium with a brown apical patch which is bordered on its inner 
side by an inconiplete \\ hitish baud, the latter not punctured; 
membrane lurid." {Wallcer.) 

Length 6 millim. 

Hah. " Hindostan " {Brit. Mas.). 

372. Menida elongata, sp. n. 

Black, somewhat thickly punctate, more sparingly so on corium 
and apical half of scutellum ; antennae black ; pronotum with the 
Lateral margins narrowly, some transverse spots on the posterior 
disk, and a small spot at each latei-al angle ochraceous ; scutellum 
\\ith a small spot at each basal angle, a cluster of irregular spots on 
posterior half, and the apex ocliraceous ; corium ochraceous, 
t!;paringly blackly punctate, punctures somewhat confluent on disk, 
apical area black ; membrane very pale ochraceous : body beneath 
and legs black ; coxae, basal halves of femora, abdominal marginal 
spots, and six spots arranged in pairs on anterior segments of 
abdomen luteous ; rostrum black, with its two basal joints 
luteous ; abdominal basal spine in type injured by pinning, but 
apparently short. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Temio {Coll. Dist.). 

A narrow elongate species, in shape and form somewhat re- 
sembling the African M. loriuentris. Germ. 



Stal (En. Hem. v, p. 9<5, 1876) described a species under the 
name of j\I. sif/noretii with the habitat " India orientalis. Potius 
Africa ? " This, pending veriflcatiou of the locality, cannot at 
ju-esent be included in the Indian fauna. 



DUjS'NIUS. 



231 



Geuus ACESINES. 
Acesines, Stal, En. Hem. x, p. 94 (187G). 

Type, -1. hrevkeps, 8tal. 

Disti-ibution. As j'et recorded only from India. 

Head short, almost equally long and broad between tlie eyes, 
broadly rounded at the apex, obsoletely punctured, lateral margins 
not sinuated ; pronotura obsoletely punctate at the narrow an- 
terior levigate margin and at the somewhat acute and narrowly 
reflexed lateral margins ; scutellum of moderate size, shorter than 
the corium ; rostrum not passing the posterior coxae ; mesosternal 
ridge gradually thickened posteriorly ; metasternum moderately 
elevated. Abdomen with a distinct basal tubercle or spine which 
touches the metasternum ; membrane with five veins. 




Fig. 144. — Accdncs brevice2)s. 



'•■^. Acesines breviceps, Stdl, En. Hem. \, p. 94 (1876). 

Oval, somewhat depressed, obscurely ochraceous, above and on 

sternum distinctly and rather 
densely blackly punctate, the 
punctures arranged in lines 
and groups leaving small 
irregular and confluent 
smooth spots ; anterior mar- 
gin and an obsolete longi- 
tudinal line on prouotum, 
also an intermediate spot on 
basal area of scutellum, very 
much less punctate ; lateral 
areas of mider surface of ab- 
domen finely darkly punctate ; 

a sublateral streak, the sixth segment, and anal valvules blackish ; 

abdomen above, membrane, and the last two joints of the autenuai 

fuscous ; tibiae minutely speckled with fuscous. 
Length 9 ; breadth 6 millim. 
Hab. " India'' (Stockholm Mas.). 
I am indebted to Dr. Aurivillius for the opportunity of figuring 

this species. 

Genus DUNNIUS, nov. 

Type, B. fulvescens, Dall. 

Distribution. India, Burma, and Ceylon. 

SomevA^hat broadly ovate ; head broad, rounded, lobes of about 
equal length, margins rounded, eyes transverse ; first joint of 
antenuce about reaching apex of head, third, fourth, and fifth joints 
pilose ; pronotuni moderately gibbous at base, deflected towards 
bead, lateral margins oblique, posterior angles I'ounded ; scutellum 
longer than half of abdomen, narrowed posteriorly ; rostrum 
reaching the intermediate coxas, second joint a little longest; 
mesosternum with a distinct keel or ridge, narrowed in front, not 



9?,> 



PENTATOMId. 



extending beyond anterior cox» ; metasternum with a central 
crneiform process not notched posterioi*ly. Second abdominal 
segment with a central short, broad, obtusely spinous tubercle about 
reaching the metasternal process. 

374. Dunnius fulvescens, Ball. (Rbaphlgaster) List Hem. i, p. 283 
(1851); Dist. (Plexippus) A.M. N. H. (7) v, p. 387 (1900). 

Ochraceous, sparingly but somewhat coarsely blackly punctate ; 

antennae ochraceous, third, fourth, and fifth joints pilose ; mem- 
brane pale fuscous : body 
beneath and legs pale ochra- 
ceous ; sternum sparingly 
coarsely blackly punctate ; 
abdomen obsoletely punc- 
tate, the punctures con- 
colorous, four obsolete 
longitudinal series a little 
darker ; stigmata black ; 
legs speckled with black ; 
scutellum with a small 
black spot in each basal 
angle. 

Yar. a. Scutellum with 
four indistinct black basal 

spots between the angular spots, and a larger blackish spot on each 

lateral margin a little before apex. 

A^ar. h. Scutellum imspotted, but the corium A\ith an elongate 

irregularly shaped black discal spot on anterior area ; second and 

third joints of antennae subequal in length. 
Length 11 to 13 millim. 
Hah. Sikhini : Mungphu (Atlinson). 

Kangoon, Karennee (Fea). 




Fif;'. 145. — Duuniu.v f/ilrrscnu^ 



Burma ; Bhamo, Teinzo, 



375. Dunnius sordidus, A7ri?/(Ithaphigaster), J. i/;/». S'oc.Zool.xxiv. 
p. 86 (1892) ; JDist. (Araducta) A.M. N. H. (7) v, p. 427 (1900). 

" Greenish testaceous, thickly covered with small brown or 
reddish-brown punctures over the whole of the upper surface and 
on the ]:)ectus: scutellum i^eddish, a little greener on the sides 
before the extremity, which is rather broad and obtusely rounded ; 
a small black spot at the basal angles of the scutellum ; abdomen 
beneath with an irregular band of black blotches on each side of 
the central line, meeting in a black patch on the penultimate 
segment; there is also a zigzag series of narrower reddish oi* 
blackish submarginal markings ; terminal segment ending in four 
pointed cones of nearly uniform size. Shoulder angles not ver}- 
prominent. Antennae slender, unicolorous, as long as the width 
of the thorax." {Kirhy.) 

Jjength 11 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Pundaloya (Green). 



PATEKCULUS. 



283 



376. Dunnius bellus, Did. (Araducta) A. M. N. H. (7) v, p. 4:.'7 
(1900). 

Ochraceous, thickly and coarsely blackly punctate, the black 
punctures generally more prominent between the humeral angles 

of the pronotum and most 
prominent on the scutellum, 
\\ here they form a broad and 
^■ery irregular longitudinal 
fascia ; corium with a distinct 
rliscal levigate spot a little 
before apex ; membrane brassy- 
black, its apical margin pale 
fuscous : body beueatb and 
legs pale ochraceous ; sternum 
and abdomen broadly laterally 
punctured with black, these 




Fi^. 14G. — iJuitnii!^ hdlii^. 



punctures forming a submarginal fascia, preceded b}^ a distinct 
segmental row of spots and outwardly margined by small spots at 
the apices of the abdominal incisures ; a centi'al spot on the apical 
segment, and sometimes some spots on basal segments — all these 
black markings are A'ariable in intensity in different specimens ; 
legs punctured with black, particularly the femora ; antenna; pale 
ochraceous ; second joint of antennae much shorter than the third. 

Length 8 to 10 millim. 

Hcd). Ceylon {Green and Atlcinson Coll.). 



Genus PATERCULUS, nov. 

Type, P. affinis, Dist. 

Distribution. Himalayas, Binnna. 

Allied to Dtmiiius, from which it differs by the lateral lobes of 
the head being distinctly longer than the central with their apices 
distinctly reflexed, basal joint of antennae not quite reaching apex 
of head ; pronotum with the lateral margins straighter and with a 
distinct ridge between the lateral angles, from which it is obliquely 
deflected towards head; I'ostrum reaching the posterior coxae; 
membrane short. Abdomen with a short basal spinous tubercle 
about reaching the metasternal process. 

377. Paterculus affinis, Dist. (Plexippus) A. M. N. H. (7) v, p. 387 
(1900). 

Dull ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate, the coloration 
distinctly darker on the head and anterior half of pronotum ; body 
beneath and legs very pale ochraceous ; abdominal stigmatal spots 
black, a castaneous spot on apical segment ; abdomen above reddish- 
ochraceous, the apical area violaceous ; connexivum darkly punc- 
tate, with small black marginal spots at incisures ; antennae fuscous, 
apical joint ochraceous, apices of fourth and fifth joints piceous, 
second joint much shorter than the third, third and fourth subequal 



234 



PENTATOMID-D. 



in length ; pronotum with the lateral margins distinctly piceous, 
the anterior lateral and anterior margins narrowly ocliraceous ; 
I'ostrum reaching the posterior coxse. 




Fig. 147.— Patcrcuhis affini.<. 

Length 11 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {uitlinson Coll). Naga Hills (Coll. Dist.).— Also 
received from West Yunnan. 

37S. Paterculus vittatus, Dist. (Plexippus) Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 109. 

Dull ocliraceous, thickly and darkly punctate, the coloration 
distinctly darker on the head and anterior half of pronotum, which 
is separated by a transverse levigate fascia : body beneath pale 
ochraceous, the lateral areas of the sternum, a longitudinal fascia 
on each side of abdomen, the stigmata, and a spot on apical 
segment piceous ; legs ochraceous ; antennae ochraceous, apex of 
third, more than apical half of fourth, and apical half of fifth joint 
piceous, second and third joints subequal in length. 

Length 11 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 



Genus DABESSUS, nov. 

Type, D. repellens, Kirby. 

Distribution. Ceylon, Malay Peninsula. 

Body elongate ; head broad, rounded in front, lobes of almost 
equal length, margins slightly retiexed ; basal joint of antenme 
stout, not reaching apex of head ; rostrum not quire )'eaching the 
posterior coxae ; pronotum with the lateral angles concavely 
sinuate, a small blunt tooth near each anterior angle, the pos- 
terior angles prominently and subacutely produced ; scutellum with 
its apical third narrowed and extending beyond the middle of abdo- 
men, which is posteriorly narrowed and has the apical angles of the 
sixth segment pi'ominently and angularly produced, second seg- 
ment with a distinct tubercle ; mesosternum with a narrow central 
keel, metasternum with a central cruciform process. 

This genus will include Araducta malayana, Dist. 



CKESPHONTES. 



235 



379. Dabessus repellens, Kirlnj (Rhapliigaster), J. inm. Soc, Zool. xxiv, 
p. S(j, ])]. iv, f. !;) (1892) ; Dist. (Araducta) A. M. N. H. (7) v, 
p. 4l>7(1900). 

" Rather long aud narrow ; very dark reddisli-browu above and 

reddish below ; legs and an- 
teunsTe rufo-testaceous, upper 
surface somewhat rugose and 
thickly 'punctured ; angles of 
the pronotum short, distinct, 
straight, pointed at the tip, but 
not very acutely, aud the ex- 
treme point pale ; membrane 
fuscous or f usco-hyaline. Pectus 
thickly punctured ; A'entral sur- 
face of abdomen much more 
finely ; subterminal segment of 
abdomen ^ith strong sharp 
lateral projections." (Kirhy.) 




Fig. \-^f^.~ Bahe^sus rcpcllcns. 



Length 11 raillim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Pundaloya (^^^-ecn) 



Genus CKESPHONTES. 

Cresphoutes, Stdl, Of v. Vd.-Ak. Forh, 1807, p. 514; id. En, Hem. 
X, p. \)o (1876). 

Type, C. monsoni, AVestw. 

Distribution. At present recorded only from India and Java. 

Body broadly obovate ; head moderatel}^ narrowed forwardly 
but scarcely sinuate at lateral margins, about as long as broad 
between eyes ; rostrum extending to the posterior coxae ; antennaa 
moderate, first joint not quite reaching the apex of head, 
second shorter than third; pronotum moderately deflected, 
anterior margin not elevated, lateral angles obtusely, broadly 
subprominent ; sculellum somewhat broad at apex, moderately 
long, frena extending a little beyond its middle ; apical margin of 
coriurn rounded ; mesosteruum distinctly carinate. Abdomen 
armed at base with a long s])ine, extending beyond the inter- 
mediate coxae. 



380. Cresphontes monsoni, Westw. (Pthaphigaster) i/i Hope Cat. 1, 
p. 31 (1837) ; Dist. P. Z. >S. 1900, p. 814, pi. Hi, f. 6. 
Crespbontes nigi-o-maeulatu.s, Haffl. Stett. ent. Zeit. xxix. p. 157 

(1868). 
Cresphoutes nifescens, Bredd. Deutsche ent. Zeitsclir. 1900, p. 163. 

Pale flavescent or stramineous, blackly punctate, the punctures 
on head and pronotum arranged in patches, margins and apex of 
scutellum densely punctate ; corium somewhat rufescent, densely 
punctate ; abdomen above, first and second joints of antenna?, 



236 



PENTATOMIDyT. 



bases of remaining joints, connexiviun. and legs more or less 
rufeseent ; third, fonrth, and fifth joints of antennae, a somewhat 

smooth median shining spot on 
^ scLitellum and some minute 

spots on sternum and abdomen, 
duplicated spots on connexi- 
vum, also spots on the apices 
of the femora, black ; mem- 
brane and «'ings fuscescent ; 
basal angle of membrane with 
an obscu?'e spot. 

Length 9 to 12 : breadth 
7 to 7 5 millini. 

Hah. Deccan (>Stocl-?whn 
Mm.). — Java. 

Westwood originally de- 
scribed the habitat of his species as " Caput Bona? Spei," an 
undoubted error. I have been enabled to compare the types of 
both Westwood's and Haglund's species, which I found identical, 
with a Javan specimen collected by Horsfield, and cannot accept 
the proposition of Breddin that examples from that island con- 
stitute a distinct species. 




Fig. 14U. — Crcsp/iontcs numsoni. 



Genus PHAVORINUS, nov. 

Type, P. afflictus, AValk. 

Distrthution. India. 

Head longer than broad, lobes of about equal length, but the 
lateral lobes a little curved inwardly at their apices, lateral mar- 
gins moderately reflexed and ampliated : ocelli a little farther apart 
from each other than from eyes ; rostrum about reaching the 
posterior coxae, second joint slightly longer than the third : 
antennae with the first joint shorter than the head, but about 
reaching its apex, second joint a little shorter than the third 
(remainder mutilated) ; pronotum truncate behind the eyes, the 
anterior angles extending laterally beyond them and each armed 
with a short spinous tubercle, lateral margins obliquely straight; 
scutellum of moderate size, about reaching the fifth abdominal 
segment ; margins of the corium moderately rounded, but not the 
margin of the abdomen ; mesosternuni broadly sulcated, the sul- 
cation containing a narrow carination. Abdomen with a short 
obtuse basal spine. 



381. Phavorinus afflictus, IFalk. (Strachia) Cat. Het. ii, p. 332 
(1867). 

Body above olivaceous-green, thickly and coarsely punctate : 
margins of lateral lobes and apical half of central lobe to head, 
eyes, inner area of corium, membrane, two apical spots to scutellum. 



DIPLOSTIRA. 



23; 



abdomen above, body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; a single lateral 
spot to metasternum, two lateral spots to pro- and luesosterna, 




Fig. 150. — Fhavoriims afflictus. 

and the abdominal spiracles black ; antennae ochraceous, apices of 
second and third joints iiifuscated (I'emaining joints mntilated). 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hab. " India " {Brit. Mus.). 

The figure is taken from Walker's unique type in the British 
Museum. 

Division DIPLOSTIRARIA. 

A small di\ision to be recognized by the concavely excavated 
posterior margins of the pronotum ; the lateral pronotal angles 
are only subprominent, and the abdomen is more or less pro- 
minently spined at base. 

Synojysis of Genera. 

l^ase of abdomen obtusely spiued ; meso- and meta- 

sterna with two prominent median ridges .... Diplostira, p. 237. 
Ease of abdomen with a long spine extending to 

head ; mesosternum finely' ridged or carinate . . Ambiorix, p. 239. 



Genus DIPLOSTIRA. 

Diplostira, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 300 (LS.jl) ; Stal. 6fi\ Tet -Ak 

Fork. 1867, p. 522. 
Carenoscaptus, Sirjn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (2) ix, 1851, p. 341. 

Type, D. valida, Dall. 

JJistrihution. At present known only from 8ikhim and Assam. 
Body elongate, broadest across the pronotal angles ; head laro-e, 
longer than broad, lateral margins very obsoletely sinuate, lobes'of 



238 



PENTATOMID.E. 



equal length, punctures arranged in longitudinal series ; antennae 
five-jointed, basal joint very short, not nearly reaching apex of 
head ; rostrum stout and reaching the base of abdomen ; pronotum 
somewhat strongly deflected in front, lateral margins almost 
straight, basal margin concave, lateral angles subprominent ; meso- 
and metasterna with two prominent central ridges or carinatious, 
between which is a deep furrow occupied by the rostrum ; lateral 
margins of the corium oblique ; membrane large with longitudinal 
veins, posteriorangles to abdominal segments moderately angvdately 
produced. Abdomen \^ith a central ridge and an obtuse basal 
tubercle or spine. 



382. Diplostira valida. Ball. List Hem. i, p. 301, pi. 10, f. 5 (ISol). 
Carenosc;iptus maculipes, Si(/n. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (2) ix, 1851, 
p. 341, pi. X, f. 10. 

Luteous, shining, more or less punctured with castaneous ; 
head with the lateral margins and six punctate longitudinal lines 
black ; antennce ochraceous ; pronotum very coarsely punctate, the 
punctures confluent on postei'ior half, which has thus a distinct 
castaneous coloration ; scutellum luteous, very sparingly punctate. 




Fig. 151. — Dijilostira valicln. 



the punctures mostly at basal and lateral areas and on apical half, 
where there are two distinct elongate spots a little beyond centre ; 
corium pale castaneous, thickly punctate, the lateral area ochra- 
ceous, more sparingly castaneous punctate; membrane shining pale 
fuscous : body beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; tibiae streaked 
and femora spotted with black ; sternum coarsely, abdomen very 
finely punctate ; stigmata centrally black. 

Length 25 to 27 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13 to 14 

milHm. 

Hah. Sikhim, Assam; Khasi Hills (67/e»vie//). 



AMBIORIX. 



239 



Genus AMBIORIX. 

Ambiorix, StSl. En. Hem. v, p. 100 (1876). 

Type, A. a-nescens, Stal. 

Distribution. At present known only from North India. 

Apical angles of the sixth abdominal segment produced in a 
large obtuse tooth; abdomen gradually narrowed, sides somewhat 
straight ; basal abdominal spine extending to the head, gradually 
compressed and acuminate ; anterior lateral margins of the pronotum 
and the anterior margin behind the vertex levigate, the former 
straight ; lateral angles subprominent, obtusely rounded ; freua 
extending beyond the middle of the scutellum ; corium a little 
longer than the scutellum, apical margin rounded ; mesosternum 
finely ridged or carinate ; tibiae above slightly furrowed ; rostrum 
reaching the posterior coxce. 

383. Amhiorix aenescens, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 100 (1876). 

Greyish-flavescent, shining ; beneath with legs somewhat 
ferruginous, above distinctly and densely, blackly punctate ; more 
sparingly punctate beneath ; second and third joints of antennae 
black ; head, anterior area of pronetum, rounded basal spot and 




Fig. 152. — Amhiori.v ancscens. 

band before apex of scutellum, basal costal area of corium, and 
markings to connexivum, brassy ; abdomen above obscure violaceous ; 
membrane with an obscure colourless apical spot ; extreme apical 
margin of head, anterior and lateral pronotal margins pale levigate ; 
abdomen in female acutely quadridentate at apex. 

Length 9^ ; breadth 5i millim. 

Hah. North India {Vienna Mus.). 

I have not seen this rare species, the type of which was in tco 
fragile a condition for transit. Dr. Handlirsch, however, kindly 
had a drawing of the specimen made for me, which is here repro- 
duced (fig. 152). 



240 PKXTAXOMID.E. 

Division EUliYASPlSAKIA. 

This division concludes the British Indian Pentatouiiuse so far 
as our present knowledge obtains. The px'incipal character is 
found in the scutellum, which is large and broad, its lateral margins 
nearly straight, the apex broadly rounded. The base of the 
abdomen is always moi'e or less spinously produced. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

Scutelhun occupyiug about three-fourths of the 
abdomen. Abdominal spine short, reaching 
the metasterual process Euryaspis, p. -40. 

Scutellum reaching apex of abdomen. Abdo- 
minal spine long, reaching, or nearly reaching, 
the intermediate coxse Beachycoris, p. 241. 

Genus EURYASPIS. 

Eurysaspis, S'uih. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (2) ix, 18ol, p. 342. 
Euryaspis, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 9o (1876). 

Type, E. transvcrsalis, Hign. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian Kegion and India. 

Scutellum large, occupying more than three-fourths of the 
abdomen, very broad and rounded ; lobes of the head equal in 
length; rostrum not quite reaching the posterior coxae; eyes 
stout ; ocelli approximate to the eyes ; antennse five-jointed, the 
third and fourth joints longest ; pronotum very tumid and for- 
wardly inclined, lateral angles rounded ; membrane extending 
beyond the abdomen ; mesosternum with a broad central elevated 
ridge narrowed for\\ardly and terminating between the anterior 
coxcB ; metasternum elevated, slightly notclied posteriorly to receive 
the short abdominal basal spine. 

384. Euryaspis transversalis, S!<jn. Ann. Soc Ent. Fr. (2) ix, 18.5], 
p. ;J4:i. pi. 10, f. 11. 

"Yellow, varied with brown and paler yellow; head smal], 
yellow, with the lateral margins sinuated, 
the sinuosity black, and also the inner margins 
of the lobes, the area of the ocelli, and the 
posterior margin; pronotum medianly divided 
by a sinuated fascia of a paler yellow, almost 
white, between the pronotal angles, the ante- 
rior area yellow and the posterior area brownish; 
scutellum with a yellow surface anteriorly 
defined by a circular fascia which is much 
„. .^ paler and almost white, and contains poste- 

Eun/aspi's riorly a large reddish-brown spot, surrounded 

tmn><vermlis. by yellow and strongly punctured above on 

both sides ; corinm brownish yellow ; mem- 
brane transparent with seven or eight veins, slightly bifurcate,* 




BEACHYCORIS, 



241 



body beneath and lec;s j'ellovv ; abdomen with four brown fasciae ; 
stigmata small and black." 

Length 9 millim. 

Hah. Pondicberry. 

I only know this species by Signoret's description and figure, 
both of whicli are here reproduced. 

Genus BRACHYCORIS. 

Eracbycoris, Stdl, Ofc Vet. -Ah. Fwh. 1870, p. 638. 

Type, B. semiflavus, Stal, from the Philippine Islands. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Broadly oval, subrotundate, above and beneath moderately 
convex, thickly punctate ; head moderately small, lateral margins 
sinuate near eyes, lobes of about equal length or lateral lobes very 
slightly longer ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; antennae 
robust, first joint not quite reaching apex of head, third joint 
incrassated at apex, fourth and fifth joints somewhat strongl}" 
incrassated ; pronotum broad, anteriorly deflected, lateral margins 
acute, anterior angles acutely produced, lateral angles rounded, 
not prominent; scutellum large, reaching the apex of the abdomen, 
near base on each side sinuated, apex rounded ; membrane extend- 
ing beyond abdominal apex, the veins simple ; mesosternum 
obsoletely sulcated ; basal abdominal spine long, reaching or 
nearly reaching the intermediate coxae. 



385. Brachycoris insignis, Msf. A. M. N. H. (7) v, p. 420 (1900). 

Head and pronotum black, very coarsely punctate and rugulose: 

head with two small central 
spots near base, and pro- 
notum with three transverse 
spots near anterior area, 
ochraceous; scutellum ochra- 
ceous, sparingly but coarsely 
punctate on basal area, more 
tliickly and brownly punctate 
on posterior area ; a spot in 
eacli basal area, a larger spot 
in each lateral margin before 
middle, and a smaller, often 
obscure discal spot between 
them, black; corium ochra- 
ceous, broadly black at base, brownish towards apex ; connexivum, 
body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; head and wide margins of pro- 
aud mesosterua black, lateral margins of metasternum widely casta- 
neous ; stigmatical abdominal spots fuscous ; antenna3 brownish 
ochraceous, the last two joints piceous ; rostrum ochraceous, its 
apex piceous. 

VOL. I. K 




Fig. 1.54. — Brachijcoris hisiguis 



24 2 pentatomim:. 

Var. a. More than basal half of scutellum aud basal third of 
corium black ; scutellum with three small ochraceous spots, one 
central and one in each basal angle. 

Var. h. Pronotum ochraceous, concolorous with scutellum or 
slightly shaded with castaneous. 

Length 5 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3^ to 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (uitJdnson Coll.). Burma ; Eangoon, Pegu, Palou 
(Pea), Karen Hills (DoJierfy). — Also received from Borneo. 

Genera and Species o/ Pentatomiuse recorded from India 
hut not included in this volume. 

Cuspicona antica, Voll. Vers!. Akad. Wet. Amst., Nat. (2) ii, 
p. 188 (1868). 

Vollenhoven recorded this species as from " Hindostan." I 
have no corroboration of this habitat and only possess the species 
from the Malay Peninsula. 

Cuspicona curtispina, Stfil {Hoffinanse(j(jiella), Stett. ent. Zeit. 
xxii, p. 144 (1861). 

Recorded by Atkinson (J. A. S. B. 1888, p. 148) as from 
" Burma (?)." A Javan species only according to present 
knowledge, 

Cuspicona virescens, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 296 (1851). 

Recorded by Atkinson {loc. cit.) as from Burma. I can fiud 
no confirmation for the habitat. Pound in Java. 

Actuarms alhonotatus. Westw. (Pentatoma) in Hope Cat. i, p. 37 
(1837) ; Dist. P. Z. 8. 1900, p. 815, pi. hi, f. 11. 

Westvvood gave the habitat of this species as " Gambia." Stfil 
(En. Hem. v, p. 126, 1876) transcribed the locality erroneously 
as " Bengalia ; " and Atkinson following tStal (J. A. 8. B. 188S, 
p. 161) added the species as of "doubtful position" to those 
included in his enumeration of Indian Rhynchota. 

Gen. ? Pentatoma lateralis, AVestw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 43 (1837); 
Dist. P. Z. 8. 1900, p. 818, pi. liii, f. 9. 

The typical and only specimen of this sjjecies which I have seen 
is in a bad condition with the rostrum wholly absent. Generic 
identification is impossible till other specimens are obtained. It 
was recorded as " Habitat in Bengalia." 

Mormidea nigriceps, Walk. Cat. Hat. iii, p. 554 (1868). 

The type of this species — recorded as from Hindostan — is in 
the Melbourne National Museum. Nothing is known of it in this 
country. The genus Mormidea is not found in India and the 
species is probably known under another name. 



ASOPIN.E. 243 

lihuplurjastcr patulus, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 366 (1867). 

The type of this species — recorded from North Hindostan — is 
110 longer to be found. Without the type, Walker's species may 
'be reerarded as non-existent. 



Subfamily VI. ASOPIN^. 

Antennae of five joints, basal joint very short, not passing the 
■apex of the head ; rostrum long, passing or reaching the interme- 
diate coxae, very robust, basal joint incrassated, inserted at labrum ; 
anterior tibiae usually with a small spine on the inner surface, 
frequently obscure and sometimes obsolete. 

The Asopinte are most poorly represented in the jVearctic and 
Pala3arct-ic Eegions, they ai^e fairly numerous in the Ethiopian and 
•Oriental Eegions, but they attain their maximum in specific repre- 
sentation and their richest colouring in the jVeotropical Region. 

Little is recorded as to their habits, but one species (Canfhecoaa 
fiircellata) is predatory on other insects, as is detailed under the 
description of that species. 

iSi/nopsis of Genera. 

A. Anterior femora with a prominent spine. 

a. Abdomen with a short basal sin<>le s]>ine. 
a. Anterior tibite strongly dilated. 

«\ Lateral pronotal margins neither creu- 
ulate nor dentate. 
a-. Scutelliim longer than broad. 

a^. Head as long as pronotum Cecykina, p. 244. 

d^. Head short, not nearly so long as 
pronotum ; intermediate and 
posterior femora spiued before 

apex Cazira, p. 245. 

h'. Scutellum short, as broad as long ; 
intermediate and posterior femora 

unarmed Blachia, p. 247. 

/j. Anterior tibiaj moderately or obsoletely 
dilated. 
J'. Lateral pronotal margins creuulate or 

dentate Canthecona, p. 248. 

c. Anterior tibim not dilated. 

b. Abdomen with a short bitid spine at base. . Glypsus, ]). 2.51. 

c. Abdomen practically unarmed at base .... Picromerus, p. 251. 

B. Anterior femora unarmed. 

a. Lateral pronotal angles more or less produced. 

a. Head long, much longer than broad .... Audinetia, p. 252. 
0. Head about as long as broad . Podisus, p. 25.3. 

b. Lateral pronotal angles rounded, not pro- 

duced. 
a'. Second joint of antennte more than 

twice as long as third Asopus, p. 254. 

b'. Second joint of anteuufe very little 

longer than third Zicrona, p. 255, 

r2 



244 



PEIVTATOMID-E. 



Geuus CECYRINA. 
Ceeyrina, Wi/I7c. Cat. Hei. i, p. 118 (1867). 

Type, C. platyrhinoidi's. Walk. 

Distribution. British India. 

Elongate-ovate; head very long, about as long as the pronotum,a 
little sinuate in front of eyes, the lateral lobes much longer than the 
central and meethig beyond it, their margins very slightly reflexed 
and their surface obsoletely concave, apex truncate: antennre with 
the second and third joints subequal in length or second very 
slightly shorter than third, fourth and fifth joints distinctly 
incrassated ; pronotum longitudinally ridged and rugulose at 
basaJ area, lateral margins strongly sinuated, the lateral angles a 
little prominent ; scutellum centrally and laterally ridged, rugulose,. 
much longer thiin broad at base, its apex truucately rounded; 
corium a little longer than scutellum, its apical margin rounded: 
membrane extending beyond the apex of abdomen ; anterior tibine 
much dilated, anterior femora prominently spined before apex ; 
second abdominal segment produced in a short obtuse basal spine. 

3S6. Cecyrina platyrhinoides, W'alh. Cat. Bet. i. p. 119 (1867). 

Dark brownish-ochraceous ; the head somewhat thickly punc- 
tate, pronotum and scutellum 
rugose and punctate; corium 
much irrorated with pale oehra- 
ceous and sparingly punctate ; 
ce:itral lobe to head, anterior 
max'gin and t\\o more or less 
distinct oblique fasciie on each 
lateral area of the pronotum, 
and a more or less distinct 
angulated submargiual fascia 
on basal two-thirds of scutellum 
pale luteous, levigate : apical 
margins of scutellum and cor- 
ium also distinctly paler ; 
membrane brassy-brown ; ster- 
niun and abdomen beneath very 
coarsely punctate and mottled 
with ochraceous ; antenna? very pale castaneous, fourth and fifth 
joints piceous, fourth moderately dilated and broadly luteous at 
base ; rostrum castaneous, its apex piceous. 

Length 12 to 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 7 millim. 
Bah. Naga Hills {ChemielJ). Cachar (CoU. Dist.). 






Fig. li^tri. — Cecyrina 'platiirlrmoides. 



CAZIRA. 



245 



Genus CAZIRA. 

Cazira, Amt/. ^- Sen-. Hem. p. 7S (1S4;J>); Dnll. Li^t Hem. i, p. 76 
(I80I) ; Stal, Hem. Afr. i. p. 6i> (1864). 

Type, C. verrucosa, Westw. 

Distribution. Oriental Kegioii. 
F Body somewhat short and stout; head somewhat long, lobes 
about equal in length, their apices obscurely lobate ; lateral 
margins sinuate ; antennse tive-jointed, the basal joint not reaching 
apex of head ; pronotum strongly rugose, the lateral margins 
broadly sinuate, anterior angles obscurely spinous, lateral angles 
spiuously produced ; scutelhun gibbous and lobately tuberculous 
at base, longer than broad at base, its apex subtruncate : cerium 
more or less rugulose ; membrane extending considerably beyond 
the apex of abdomen ; abdomen with a distinct abdomiual spine 
about reachiiDg the posterior coxae; anterior tibife strongly dilated, 
femora with a prominent spine before apex. 

387. Cazira verrucosa, ]rcdw. (Pentatoma) ZooL Joum. V, p. 445, 

pi. xxii, f. 7 (1835); Dcdl. (Cazira) List ife;«. i, p. 82 (1851), 
excl. syii. Linncei. 
Asopus verrucifer, Burm. Handb, ii, p. 380 (1835). 

Eeddish-ochraceous, punctured with fuscous ; head, pronotum, 

and scutellum rugosely 
tuberculate; pronotum some- 
what tessellately rugose, the 
lateral angles produced into 
short obtuse spines, notched 
on their posterior margins ; 
scutellum with two large 
and prominent convex tuber- 
cles on basal area, apical 
area concave; corium smooth 
punctate, the costal area 
rugose ; connexivum with 
the margins broadly crenu- 
late ; legs pale castaneous, 
intermediate and posterior 

femora and tibia? auuulated witli white. 

Var. The reddish-ocliraceous coloration replaced by piceous. 
Length 10 to 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 millim. 
Hah. Sikhim. Assam; Khasi Hills (C'Aeu/ifZZ) ; N.lga Hills and 

Margherita {Doherlij). Calcutta {Atlinson Coll.). Malabar {Coll. 

Dist.). Burma : Schwego-Myo, Bhamo, Karennee, Palon {Fea). 

Tenasserim ; Meetan, Thagata (Fca). 

388. Cazira similis, sp. n. 

Allied to C. verrucosa, colour more ocliraceous or luteous; upper 
surface less tuberculate and rugose ; lateral angles of pronotum 




Fig. 156. — Cazira verrucosa. 



246 I'ENTATOMID.E. 

shorter, their posterior apical margins oblique, not notched ; basaf 
tubercles to scutellum distinctly surmounted with a small shining 
tubercle. 

Length 84 to 11 : breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 6 millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills {Dohertt,). 

389. Cazira friwaldskyi, Hon: Ten>ie><z. Fitetel\ xii, p. 33 (1889). 

Shining, punctate, verrueose : head black, with a percurrent 
longitudinal line, lateral lobes and basal joint of antemiiB rufo- 
testaceous; pronotum black, distinctly punctate, with four tubercles 
in transverse series on anterior area, their apices t'usco-cinna- 
momeous, the anterior and lateral spinous angles, a median rugose 
longitudinal callosity, terminating before the ])Osterior margin in 
a couical tubercle, and the posterior rugose ai'ea rufo-testaceous ; 
the anterior lateral margins very slightly denticulate *, the pos- 
terior area with seven tubercles, four anterior and three posterior^ 
and a discoidal transverse callosity which is on each side recurved ; 
scutellum with large elevated tubercles, rugosely punctate, black, 
slight]}^ A'ariegated with testaceous, apical area fuscously punctate ; 
corium fnsco-cinnamomeous, moderately punctate, with an oblong 
shining-fuscous impunctate spot near middle, costal area strongly 
rugose and punctate. 

I have not seen this species, but the above characters taken 
from Horvath's description are apparently quite sufficient for its^ 
identification. 

" Length 5 10 millim." 

Hah. Westei'n Himalaya (Axit. Mvs. Buda^iest). 

390. Cazira ixlcerata, Hcn-.-Schiif. (Asdpus) IWmz. Ins. iv. p. 103, 

f. 4r)2 (1839). and vii. p. 114 (1844): IJalL List Bern, i, p. 82' 
(1851). 

Sanguineous ; antenn.T, a discal spot to corium, tarsi, and apex 
of posterior tibiae black ; intermediate and posterior tibiae annu- 
lated with white. Considerably resembling C. verrucosa, but more 
elongate, differently coloured, lateral punctate anglesmore produced 
and broader at apices ; scutellum longer, ridges on apical half 
more pronounced; membrane brown, with a whitish spot at about 
centre of outer margin. 

In a Calcutta specimen in my own collection the autennse are 
not entirely black, the first, second, and third joints being 
sanguineous. 

Length 8 to 12 u)illim. 

Hah. Sikhim and Calcutta {Coll. Dist.). Coromandel (Hen:- 
ScJiaff.). — Also recorded from Siam and Hong Kong. 



* This is a somewhat obsolete structural cliaracter. 



247 



Genus BLACHIA. 

Blachiu, Walk. Cat. Het. i, p. 117 (18(57). 
Sesha, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 343. 

Type, B. ducalis, "Walk. 

DistrUnition. Sikhim ; Assam: Burma: Siam. 

Head somewhat long and pi-omiiient, concavely sinuate at lateral 
margins, lobes about equal in length, lateral lobes with their mar- 
gins distinctly raised and carinate ; pronotum with the disk gibbous, 
the margins carinate, the anterior angles obtusely spinous, the 
lateral angles somewhat longly spinous, the anterior margin con- 
cave, lateral margins broadly sinuate ; scutellum short and broad, 
about as long as broad at base, its apex broadly rounded; corium a 
little longer than scutellum, its lateral margin centrally ampliated, 
its apical margin rounded: membrane extending considerably 
beyond the apex of abdomen ; rostrum reaching the intermediate 
coxae : anterior tibiae strongly dilated, anterior femora with a 
prominent spine before apex ; metasteruum elevated ; mesosternum 
centrally carinate. Abdomen with a shoi't abdominal spine arising 
from the second segment. 



391. Blachia ducalis. Wall-. Cat. Het. i, p. 117 (1867). 

Sesha manitesta, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 343, pi. xii, f. 2. 

Body above pale stramineous, with the following dark blue 
shining spots — t\^o at base of head attached to eyes, five on pro- 
notum (two anterior and three posterior), four on scutellum (two 

basal and two subapical), 
and two on corium (one at 
about centre and the other 
at apex): membrane pale 
fuscous hyaline, dark bluish 
at base, the apex fuscous : 
body beneath dark bluish : 
antennae, rostrum, legs, pro- 
sternum, lateral margins of 
abdomen narrow ly, and some 
irregular lateral spots, a 
central longitudinal macular 
abdouiinal fascia, and ter- 
minal segment stramineous ; 
prosternum with a dark blue transverse spot on each lateral 
area ; pronotum and scutellum coarsely, corium somewhat finely 
punctate. 

Length 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles S millim. 
Hah. Sikhim. jVaga Hills (Doherti/). Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 
Originally described from a specimen collected in Siam by Mouhot. 




Fisr. 157. — Blachia dncali» 



248 



PENTATOM]]).E. 



Genus CANTHECONA. 

Canthecoun. Ann/. <S,- Scrv. 7/r»/. p. si (LS4;!); JJall. List Hem. \, 
p. 7(i (ISol) ; 'St9,l, Hem. Afr. i, p. Cyl (lS(i4). 

Type, C. discolor, Palis, de Beauv.. an African species. 

JJistribtition. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian Eegions. 

Elougatelv-ovate ; liead rather flat, lobes about equal in length, 
margins concavely sinuate in front of eyes, antennae ^ith the basal 
ioint not nearly reaching apex of head ; pronotum Avith the lateral 
margins sinuate, the anterior portion tinely crenulate, anterior 
angles slightly spinous, posterior angles spinously produced : scu- 
tellum longer than broad ; anterior tibiae moderately or obsoletely 
dilated ; anterior femora with a prominent spine before apex : 
metasternum elevated, mesosternum centrally cariuate. Abdome]i 
armed with a short central basal spine. 



392. Canthecona furcellata, nW^(Cimex),/c. v,p. 18i^pl. xviii, f. 176 
(1801); Ball. Lht Hem. i. p. !»1 (1851). 
Asopus armia-er, Herr.-Scliiif. IVanz. Ins. vn. pp. 1 lo .t 119. f. 711 
(1844). 
Ochraceous, somewhat thickly darkly punctate, the punctures 

bronzy ; head with the punc- 
tures somewhat confluent, 
and with a central pale 
fascia ; antennae ochraceous, 
about apical halves of the 
third, fourth and fifth joints 
fuscous ; pronotum with a 
broken transverse fascia on 
anterior area, some more or 
less distinct longitudinal 
fascia) on anterior half, and 
the lateral angles bronzy- 
black ; scutelluni bronzy- 
black at base, with a some- 
what large levigate spot at 
each basal angle ; corium with bronzy-black suffusions ; counexivum 
coarsely punctate, with large subquadrate bronzy-black spots : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous, lateral ai^eas of liead, sternum, and 
abdomen blackly punctate ; marginal spots to abdomen, amiulatious 
to femora near apices, apices of tibiae, and a central spot on apical 
segment black ; lateral pronotal margin anteriorly finely dentate, 
pronotal angles with their apices bifid, the anterior spine much the 
longest. 

Length 15 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 8 millim. 
Hah. Bengal; Calcutta (-r4^/»?».<roH) ; 'Rvinchi {Irvine). Bombay 
(Leith). Madras {Coll. Dist.). Ceylon {Green). Burma: Bhamo, 
Teinzo, Karennee {Feci). — Java. 

The late Mr. De Niceville informed me that in Calcutta Mr. Peal 
found this species attacking the larva of Hiihlcea puerci, Cram., a 




Fi^. 158. — Canthecona furcellata. 



CANTHECOyA. 249 

Xoctuid moth. According to Mr. Atkinson it attacks and destroys 
the Tusser silkworms feeding in tlie open (lud. Mus. Notes, i, 
p. 126, ii, p. 105). 

393. Canthecona tibialis, Dist. A. M. N. H. {o) iii, p. 46 (1879). 

Head brassy-black, very thickly punctured, with an obscure basal 
linear luteous spot ; antenucie pale brownish, third and fourth joints 
blackish with their bases brown, fifth black with basal third luteous; 
prouotum brassy-black, coarsely punctate, slightly rugulose, 
with a central longitudinal line and irregular luteous markings 
which faintly indicate four longitudinal striie ; lateral angles pro- 
duced into short, black, obtuse spines, strongly emarginate at apex ; 
scutellum with the basal aiva brassy-black, thickly punctate, apical 
area paler and more sparingly punctate, \\ith a small central basal 
spot, a large rounded spot in each basal angle, a small irregidar and 
indistinct mark beneath these, and the apex broadly luteous; 
corium luteous, thickly blackly punctate, on the underside at apex 
is a large reddish spot; membrane fuscous, \^ith two large whitish 
marginal spots : body beneath and legs luteous ; sternum and 
lateral abdominal areas thickly blackly punctate, and a large central 
black spot on apical segment ; apices of femora, the anterior tibiae, 
bases and apices of intermediate and posterior tibias, and the an- 
terior tarsi black ; anterior tibiiu moderately dilated. 

Var. a. Colour brownish in place of brassy -black. 

Length 14 to 17 ;. breadth bet\^een pronotal angles S to 9 
miliim. 

Hah. Kh;isi Hills (Chennell). Burma ; Bhamo (Fca). 

3!J4. Canthecona binotata, Bisif. A.M.N.H. (.5) iii, p. 47 (1879). 

Luteous, thickly punctured with brown ; lateral lobes of head 
thickly puncturecl with brassy-black ; antennae with the first and 
second joints luteous, third and fourth fuscous, luteous at base ; 
rostrum luteous with the apex reddish ; pronotum considerably 
deflected from base towards head, with a central raised longitudinal 
line continued throughout the scutellum, lateral margins with an 
indistinct, obscure, violet submarginal fascia and some indistinct 
striae of the same colour on disk, lateral angles produced into short 
obtuse black spines, emarginate and luteous at apices : scutellum 
more thickly and darkly punctate at basal area; corium with a 
subcostal blackish spot a little beyond the middle ; membrane 
blackisli, with the apical half whitish : body beneath and legs pale 
luteous ; sternum with a violaceous streak on the lateral area of 
each segment, latei'al abdominal margins with a series of subquad- 
rate green spots, a submarginal series of narrow transverse waved 
dark lines, and a large suba])ical blackish spot ; anterior tibiae 
moderately dilated, their apical halves and bases and apices of 
intermediate and posterior tibiae blackish. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7k miliim. 

Hah. Naga Hills (ChenneU). 



250 PEXTAXOMIDiE. 

395. Canthecona robusta, Dkt. (Picromems) A. M. N. H. (o) iii. p. 48 

(1S79). 

Somewhat of the elongated form of Audinetia s])imdens (p. 253), 
but with the proiiotum robust and deflected anteriorly, the body 
narrowed posteriorl3\ Luteous, thickly brownly punctate ; rostrum 
luteous with the apex pitchy ; antennte with the second and third 
joints pale luteous, third joint^with the apex piceous (remaining 
joints mutilated in type) ; pronotum much narrowed anteriorly and 
widened posteriorly, with an indistinct central longitudinal line, a 
transverse series of four small luteous spots situate a little behind 
a somewhat obscure transverse ridge, lateral angles produced into 
long black-pointed spines, toothed behind, which gives them the 
appearance of being emarginate at apex ; scutellum with a small 
luteous spot in each basal angle, and a central double levigate 
impression on apical half; corium with purplish reflections towards 
apex ; membrane fuscous, with a whitish spot on outer and inner 
margins (size of these spots variable) : body beneath luteous, 
punctured and mottled with brown ; tibise brownish, with their 
apices a little darker. 

Length 11 to 14; breadth between pronotal angles G| to 9 
millim. 

Hah. Assam; Sadiya (Ohennell). — I have also received this species 
from '^South-east New (luinea. 

390, Canthecona cognata, Di.tt. JE/if. Month. Mcu/. xix, p. lo7 (1882). 
Canthecona insularis, Kirby. J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, ]3. 79, pi. iv,. 

f. 4 (1891). 

Allied to the preceding a-^eoxes {C .rohusta) ])ut smaller; pronotum 
less deflected anteriorly ; anterior lateral margins of pronotum 
distinctly luteous, pronotal lateral angles almost straight, black, 
Avith their apices emarginate. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green S)' Lewis). — Originally described from 
Sumatra. 

397. Canthecona parva, sp. n. 

Ochraceous, thickly brownly punctate ; head with the margins 
of the lateral lobes, basal margin, and an elongate spot near inner 
margin of eyes black ; antennse brownish, the bases of the fourth 
aud "fifth joints luteous; pronotum with a distinct central levigate 
line, the lateral angles castaneous and longly produced, slightly 
directed forward, apices emarginate, the anterior spine much the 
longest ; scutellum castaneous at base, with a luteous levigate spot 
near each basal angle ; corium finely punctate, the costal area a 
little before apex castaneous ; membrane pale castaneous, with 
a large greyish spot on outer and apical mai'gins : body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; lateral areas of abdomen and sternum darkly 
punctate : abdominal margin darkly spotted, and with a curved 



ULYPSrS. — PICEOMEEUS. 251 

linear black spot before the stigmata ; apices of femora and a spot 
on apical segment blacli. 

Lengtb 9 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles o^ to 6 millim. 

Bab. Benga]. Mysore (Coll. Dist.). 

The small size of this species and its longly developed lateral 
angles render its identitication somewhat easy. 

Genus GLYPSUS. 

Glypsus, Dall. Lid Hem. i. pp. 7(3 & !;)-"J (liSH) ; iStal, Hem, Afr. i, 
pp. 62,63 (1864). 

Type, G. vigil, Germ., an African species. 

Distribution. An Ethiopian genus, with one species recorded 
from India. 

This genus is to be recognized by the possession of a bifid spine 
at the base of the abdomen ; the head has the lateral lobes longer 
than the central lobe and generally meeting beyond it ; the anterior 
lateral margins of the pronoliun are denticidated and A\ith the 
lateral angles strongly, robustly, and obtusely spiuously produced ; 
anterior femora prominently spined near apex, and anterior tibiae 
with a prominent inner spine. 

398. Glypsus fuscispinus, Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 47 (1870). 

Weakly greyish- flavesceut, distinctly darkly punctate ; antennae 
pale ferruginous ; pronotum \\ ith four xQvy minute spots in 
transverse series on anterior area and the lateral angles black ; 
scutellum with a small black impression in each basal angle ; lateral 
pronotal angles gradually acuminate ; second joint of antennae 
shorter than the third; pronotum rather densely punctate, 
punctures on posterior area more obscure, anterior lateral margins 
slightly sinuate in the middle, obtusely crenulate before the sinus, 
lateral angles much outwardly produced, acute, above obtusely 
carinate : scutellum and corium densely punctate, scutellum 
furnished on posterior area with an obsolete wrinkle or ridge ; 
upper surface of abdomen violaceous-black, connexivum spotted 
with black, spot on sixth segment and the anal appendage black. 

I have not seen this s})ecies, but the above seem to be the 
salient characters given by tStal. 

Length 15: breadtli between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Bah. "India orientalis" (StocLJiohn JJus.). 

Genus PICROMERUS. 

Picromerus, Ami/. >$• Scrv. ILinn. p. 84 (184-")) ; Ball. List Hem. i, 

p. 76(18o])./ 
Cimex, subg. Ciinex, Stal^ Ofv. Vot.-Ak. Fiirh. 1867, p. 497. 

Type, P. bidens, Linn., a Palsea^'ctic species. 

Distribution. Pahcarctic and Oriental Regions. 

This genits is to be distinguished from the two preceding ones 



-io2 PE^'TATOMID.E, \ 

\ 

by tiie abdomeu being practically unarmed at base, or having the 
second segment produced in a short obtuse tubercle ; the lateral 
lobes of the head are scarcely longer than the central and do not 
meet beyond it ; the pronotum is also distinctly elongate and 
narrowed anteriorly, much longer than its width at anterior 
mai'gin ; the anterior tibioe are not dilated ; anterior femora 
prominently spined before apex ; anterior tibia) distinctly spined 
on inner margin. 

39!). Picromerus obtusus, ira/k. Cat. Jlef. \, p. 133 (18(37). 
Picromerus nifjrivitta, M'alk. loc. cit. 

Fuscous-brown, thickly and minutely punctate, beneath with 
legs a little paler ; antenna) ochraceous, apex of third joint and 
the fourth and fifth joints black, bases of fourth and fifth 
ochraceous ; pronotum with the lateral margins crenulate, pronotal 
angles black, produced very slightly backwardly at apices which 




Fig. 15'J. — riciximerus ohtitsus. 

are emarginate, the anterior spine much the longest ; corium more 
opaque and less punctate, the costal area moderately rugulose : 
abdomen beneath with a more or less well-defined central black 
fascia ; femora darkly speckled ; tibia) paler, their apices and the 
tarsi black. 

Length 11 to 13: breadth between pronotal angles 7| millim. 

Hah. .Sikhim (Athuison Coll.). Naga Hills (Doherty). Burma ; 
Karennee (Fea). 



Genus AUDINETIA.) A-ci-^*^^^ 



Audinetia, Mleni: Xaf. Tijdschr. Xedcrl. Ind. xxiv, p. 13G (186i') ; 
sm, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 496. 

Type, ui. spinidens., Fabr. 

Distribution. Neotropical, Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian 
Regions. 

Body elongate ; head somewliat long, lateral lobes very slightly 



PODISUS. 



253 



longer thau the central ; pronotnm deflected anteriorly, convex at 
basal area, anterior lateral margins not denticulate, obsoletely 
crenulate, lateral angles prodnced in straight subacute spines, 
notched beliind before apex ; scutellum moderately long and 
slender; corium with the lateral margin obliquely straight ; femora 
unarmed ; ventral spine short and blunt. 

400. Audinetia spinidens, Fuhr. (Cimex) Mant. Lis. ii. p. 'It^ry 
(17f<7): iJnll. (Picromenis) i/s^iZrw. i,p.9r) (18.51) ; 7W/. (Anna) 
Faint. lad. Kcerl. iii, p. 10 (1868) ; SUV, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 16 (1868) ; 
Dist. Biol. Centr.-Aiii., Bhynch. i, p. ?,o (1879). 

Asopiis geoiuetiicus, Burm. Hundh. ii, p. .380(1835) ; Ball. (Arma) 
Tr. J?. ,^. V, p. 187, pi. 10, f. 2(184i)) 

Pentatoraa aliena, Wc^tiv. in Hope C(d. Hem. i, p. 40 (18.-!7). 

Audinetia aculeata, Ellenr. Nat. Tijdschr. Ncderl. Lid. xxiv, ii. 187. 
pi. 1, f. 1 (1862). ■ • '1 ' 

Pale brownish-ochraceous ; apex of the third joint of antennte 
and the fourth and fifth joints black, head with a "blackish punctate 

fascia on each side of cen- 
tral lobe ; pronotnm with 
a pale central broken levi- 
gate line extending be- 
tween the pronotal angles, 
which are black and emar- 
ginate, the posterior spine 
beiag very small ; scutel- 
lum with the apex and a 
central apical line luteous ; 
corium with the lateral 
margins broadly luteous ; 
membrane pale fuliginous : 
body beneath pale ochra- 
ceous, thickly and coarsely 
punctate : abdomen with a 
central broken black fascia, sometimes obsolete, and the stigmata 
black ; tarsi piceous. 

Length ]3 to IG : breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 8g 
millim. 

Ilab. Sikhim. Assam; Harmatti (.■!//. v'ii.^oyi Coll.), Kh;isi Hills 
(CJiemiell). Bengal; Eanchi (L-vine). Bangalore (Cameron). — 
A very widely distributed species, recorded from several islands of 
the Malay jVrchipelago ; specimens fi-om. Fiji and Tahiti are in my 
own collection ; not uncommon in East Africa and Abyssinia, and 
recorded from INfexico. 

Genus PODISUS. 

Podisus, Hen-.-Schaf. Wcmz. Lis. ix, p. 296 (18.53); Stal. Of v. 

Vet.-AJc. For/i. 1867, p. 497; JDist. Biol. Centr.-Amer., Mync'h.i, 

p. 36 (1879). 
Apateticus, Dall. List Hem. i, pp. 77 & 10-5 (18.51). 




Fig. 1(JU. — Ai'jlinrfia ,•</)/ ii ideas 



254 



PENTATOMID.E. 



Telepta, Stal, Bidr. till Rio Jan.-trakt. Hem. i, p. 10 (1858). 

Subo-. Troilus, Stal, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 498. 

Subg. Apoecilus & Tylospilus, SlSl, En. Hem. i, pp. 49 & 52 (1870). 

Type, P. lineolatus, Herr.-Schaff., a Central American species. 

Distribution. Nearctic and Neotropical Regions ; one Palsearctic 
species found in India. 

A very variable genus, already separated into many subgenera 
{supra). As only one species is found in this fauna, the characters 
of that species alone require to be desci'ibed here. It is at once 
separable from Audinetia by the shorter head and body, the rounded 
pronotal angles (in many Neotropical species, however, these are 
spinous), the dentate anterior lateral pronotal margins, the 
rounded apices of the lateral lobes to head, &c. 

401. Podisus luridus, Fabr. (Cimex) Si/st. Fnt. p. 701 (1775) ; Hahn, 
(Ai-Dia) Wanz. Ins. i, p. 97, t. lo, f. 53 (1831); Herr.-Schiif. 
(Pentatoma) ISiom. Fnt. i, p. 56. 92 (1835) ; Biirm. (Asopus) 
Handb. Fnt. ii, p. 379 (1835) ; Atkins. J. A. S. B. 1888, p. 180 & 
synonymy. 
Cimex elector, Fabr. Ent. Si/st. iv, p. 98 (1794). 
Pentatoma subhuida, Westir. in Hjpe Cat. i, p. 41 (1837). 
Var. angusta, Rent. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. xxx, p. 156 (1881). 

Ochraceous, thickly covered with bronzy punctures ; head, pro- 
notal margins, and con- 
nexivum bronzy-green, the 
latter with reddish- ochra- 
ceous transverse spots ; 
pronotum with the lateral 
dentate margins luteous, 
the lateral angles broadly 
and somewhat laminately 
produced ; scutelliim M"ith 
a dark foveate impression 
in each basal angle : an- 
tennae black, apices of 
second and third joints 
(narrowly), apex of fourth 
joint (broadly), and base 

of fifth joint luteous ; legs ochraceous, spotted with black. 
Var. Apex of seutellum narrowly luteous. 
Length 10^ to 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to, 8 

niillim. 

Hab. N. India. Burma (Coll. Dist.). — A widely distributed 

Palsearctic species. 

Genus ASOPUS. 

Asopus, Burm. Nov. Act. Acad. Leop. xvi, Snppl. p. 292 (1834) ; 

Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 63 (1864). 
Amyotea, Flle7ir. Nat. Tijdschr. Ncderl. Ltd. xxiv, p. 137 (1862). 

Type, A. malaharicus, Fabr. 




Fig. 161. — Podisus luridus 



2oo 



Distribution. ludia, throughout the Malayan Archipelago, and 
Japan . 

Posterior pronotal angles obtuse, not splnously produced ; 
abdominal spine obtuse, short ; femora and tibiae unarojed ; last 
joint of rostrum very short ; second joint of antennae more than 
twice as long as third. 

402. Asopus malabaricus, Fahv. (Cimex) Syst. Ent. p. 71.S (ITTo); 

id. (Lyg;ieus) Ent. Sijst. iv, p. 151 (1794); Stdl, En. Hfm.x, 

pp. oG & i>30 (1870). 
Cimex mactans, i^ff^r. »S);«'. /?(s. ii, p. 3(i6(17Sl); Hull. (Asopus) 

List Hem. i, p. 107 (l^ol); Voll. (Asopus) Faun. Ind. Xcprl. iii, 

p. 12 (1868). 
Cimex oculatns, Fabr. Ent. Si/sl. Suppl. p. 53-5 (1798). 
Lyg-seus argils, Fnbr. Si/st. Jihi/nr/. p. 217 (1803): Burm. (Asopus) 

Nova Acta Acad. Leap, xvi, >Siippl. p. 1^93, t. 41, f. 6 (1834). 
Amyotea dvstercoides & uigripes, Elhrnr. Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl. 

Ind. xxiv,'p. 137, ff. i^ 3, k p. 138, ff. 4, o (1862). ' 

Pale reddish ; antennae, eyes, basal spot to head, two (sometimes 

tlu'ee) spots to pi'onotum, a large 
spot near each basal angle of 
scutellum, and membrane black : 
body beneath luteous; head be- 
neath, lateral margins of ster- 
num and abdomen, rostrum, 
coxae, and femora pale reddish ; 
tibiae, tarsi, and anterior margins 
of sternal and abdominal seg- 
ments black or bluish-black : 
body above thickly and very 
finely punctate. 

r^. ,p.T , 11 ■ Length 12 to 14 millim. 

t]g. Ib2. — Asopus iHttUthartcus. ir i -o i /-. i , . 

^ ^ ffoh. Bengal ; Calcntta ; 

Bombay (Z<??77t); Bangalore (Crt»«'ro>0. Assam. Burma; Bhamo, 
Palon (Feci). — Also recorded from Java. Borneo, Sumatra, and 
Philippines. 

Genus ZICRONA. 
Zicrona, Amy. S^- Sew. Hem. p. 86 (1843) ; Ball. List Hem. i, p. 77 
(1851) ; Stal, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 499. 

Type, Z. ccvridea, Linn. 

Distribution. Paltearctic and Oriental Ilegions. 

Body shining; second joint of antennae longer than the third ; 
rostrum with the second joint longest, but shorter than the two 
apical joints taken together ; lateral lobes of the head not or very 
slightly longer than the central lobe : pronotum with the lateral 
margins entire or very obsoletely eroded : frena not extended 
beyond the middle of the scutellum ; abdomen unarmed at base ; 
anterior tibiae not dilated. 

403. Zicrona caerulea, Linn. (Cimex) Syst. Nat. ed. x, i, p. 445 (1758) ; 
Hakn (Peiitatoma), Watiz. Ins. ii, p. 65, f. 164 (1834) ; Burni. 
(Asopus) Handb. Ent. ii, p, 378 (1835) ; Blanch. (Stiretrus) Hisf. 




256 



PENTATOMIU.i:. 



Nat. Ins. p. I'A (1840); Ajui/. .S- .Vrr. 

Atkinson, J. A. 8. B. 1888, p. 169 \- syn. 
Peutatoma concinna i!V' violacea, IVesiw. it 

(1837). 
Zicroua illustris, Amij. ^- Serv. Hem 



Hem. p. 8(j (1843); 
Hope Cat. i. p. 39 
p. 87 (^1843). 



Entirely csBrulean or blue 
or violaceous ; antennae and 
membrane black ; above verv 
finely and somewhat spar- 
ingly punctate ; scutellum a 
little gibbous at base. 

Length 9 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Kashmir; ISind Val- 
ley (>SVo?«"r/i'«). Bengal. Xaga 
Hills (Doherfif). Burma; 
Kareunee (Fea). — Also re- 
ceived from several islands 
in the Mala}' Archipelago, 
not uncommon in China and 
Japan, and a widely distributed species throughout the PahTearctic 
Region. 




Fig'. 1(53. — Zierona cani/ca. 



tSjiecies of imcertain position. 
Anna veJata, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 532 (18(58). 

This species, described from Hindostan, is in the jN'ational 
Museum at Melbourne. It is certainly described in the wrong 
genus, probably does not belong to the Asopiuae, and is verv 
possibly a synonym of some other species. 



Subfamily VII. TESSARATOMINtE. 

Tessaratomida, Stal. Hem. Afr. i, p. 3:> (l,><(i4). 
Edessidse, part., Ball. List Hem. i. p. 31(i (IS")]). 

The Tessaratominae comprise the largest representatives of the 
whole Heteroptera, and reach their highest development in the 
Oriental Eegion. This snbfamily of the Pentatomidas is easily 
distinguished by having the spiracles of the basal ventral seg- 
ment exposed, not hidden by the metasternuui. 

1\\ life, the colour of many species, in genera such as Evsthenci., 
is bright olivaceous-green, becoming much duller and darker after 
death* ; it must therefore be kept in mind that the colour descrip- 
tions here given are taken from cabinet specimens. 



* The greenish coloration can be reproduced by immersing the dried 
specimen in spirit or even water. 



TESSABATOMA. 257 

Division TESSARATOMAIUA. 

Tessaratomina, Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 60 (1870). 
Tessaratomai'ia, Horv. Termesz. F'dzetek, xxiii, p. 339 (1900). 

Metasternum much elevated aud freely produced forward ; 
seutellum distinctly produced behind the fr^na, the produced 
part triangular or spatulate ; pronotum posteriorly produced at 
base of seutellum. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Posterior margin of ])ronotum strongly pro- 

duced over base of seutellum Tessarotoma, p. 2-57. 

B. Posterior margin of pronotum slightly pro- 

duced over base of seutellum. 

a. Head small, about as long as broad. 

a. Posterior margin of pronotum straight. . Hypencha, p. 260. 
h. Posterior margin of pronotum convex . . Pygoplatys, p. 261. 

b. Head long, about twice as long as broad . , Ajiissus, p, 262. 

Genus TESSARATOMA. « 

Tessaratoma Lepell. S; Serv. Encycl. Meth. x, p. •'390 (1826) : StdL 

Hem. Afr. i, pp. 224 & 229 (1864). ' 

Tesseratoma, Latr. ICegne An. v, p. 195 (1829). 

Type, T. impilJosu, Drury. 

Distribution. Oriental and Ethiopian Regions. 

Head small, rounded at the apex, the lateral lobes longer than 
the central lobe and meeting beyond it; ocelli placed near the eyes ; 
antenna3 four-jointed, somewhat short and stout ; rostrum short, 
extending to about the middle of the mesosteruum ; pronotum 
produced posteriorly over the base of the seutellum ; apex of 
seutellum scarcely covering the anterior basal angle of the mem- 
brane ; corium M'ith the apical margin rounded to\^ards the exterior 
apical angle ; membrane with the veins forming several areolets or 
cells at base ; prosternum more or less anteriorly dilated, sinuate 
behind the eyes ; mesosteruum \\\t\\ a robust ridge ; metasternum 
considerably elevated, the elevation sinuated posteriorly, the 
anterior portion narrowed and extending to the anterior coxse ; 
second abdominal segment elevated in the middle into an obtuse 
tubercle which touches the base of the metasternal elevation ; 
femora usually spinous beneath ; tibiae furrowed above ; tarsi three- 
jointed. 

404. Tessaratoma nigripes, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 341 (18.51). 

Tessaratoma javauica, var. nigripes, Voll. Faun. hid. Neerl. iii, p. 26 
(1868). 

Ochraceous or brownish-ochraceous ; head with the luargius 
narrowly black ; lateral margins of the pronotum rounded, broadly 
reflexed ; apex of seutellum hollowed and black ; membrane bronzy 
ochraceous : body beneath \\i\.]\ the abdomen pale castaneous, 

VOL. I. s 



258 



PENTATOMIDjE. 



someAvhat opaque, the sternum brownisb-ochraceous, suffused witb 
darker markings, of m bich tbe most distinct on tbe abdomen are 
the central ridge, lateral margins, and a sbort transverse stria 
near tbe stigmatal spots ; legs, rostrum, and antennre black or ver,y 
dark castaneous. 

Length 26 to 35; greatest breadth 15 to 19 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {AtMnson Coll.). Malabar (Coll. Dist.).— Common 
in the Malay Peninsula, aud found in Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and 
some other islands in the Malay Archipelago. 

The dilated anterior margins of the pronotum are much more 
convex than in T. quadrata. 

405. Tessaratouia quadrata, 8p. n. 

Pale ochraceous ; antenna?, extreme margins of head and pro- 
notum, rostrum, and tbe apex of the scutellum black : body 




164. — Tessaraioma quadrata. 



beneath and legs pale castaneous ; abdomen above dark bluish- 
black, its lateral margins castaneous. 

The principal characteristic of this species is in the subquadrate 
anterior angles of the pronotum, by which it differs from T. mcdaya, 
Stal, and also by the colour of the legs. It also differs from Stal's 
species, to which it is most closely allied, by having the pronotal 
margins black, by its less ovate body, its corium smoother and less 
wrinkled, the blackish colour of the abdomen above, and the pale 
' castaneous legs, &c. 

Length 33 to 37; greatest breadth 21 to 22 millim. 

Hah. Nepal {Coll. Dist.); Sikhim, Assam; Khasi Hills 
(Chennell), Margherita (Doherty). 

In enumerating Mr. Chennelfs collection in 1879, I concluded 
that this species was the T. malaya, Stal, in Avhich course I seem 
to have been followed by Atkinson (J. A. S. B. Iviii, 1889, p. 54). 
Mr, Doherty has, however, since collected for me in the Malay 



TESSARATOMA. 259 

Peninsula an ample series of Stfil's species, which does not appear 
to enter our fauna. 

406. Tessaratoma javanica, Tlmnh. (Cimex) Nov. Ins. Spec. ii. p. 4-') 

(1783) ; Ami/. S,- Serv. Hem. p. 165 (1848) ; Voll. Faun. Ind. 

Neerl. iii,p. 25, pi. ill, f. 4 b (1868) ; SfMl, En. Hem. i, p. 67 (1870). 
Tessaratoma pvoxima, Westiv. in Hope Cat. i, p. 27 (1837). 
Tessaratoma papillosa. Blanch. Hist. Ins. Hem. p. 142, pi. vi, f. 2 

(1840). 
Tessaratoma angularis, Dohrn, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 349 (1863). 
Tessaratoma striata, furcifera, timoreiisis & clara, Walk. Cat. Hef. 

iii, pp. 463 & 464 (1868). 
Tessaratoma papillosum, vav. clara, Kirbij, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zoot. 

xxiv, p. 87 (1891). 
Tessaratoma papillosa, part., Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 60 

(1900). 
Stoll, Pun. f. 2. 

Ochraceous or brownish-ochraceous, sometimes pale olivaceous- 
brown ; antennae black, apical joint generally, but not always, 
brownish-ochraceous ; margins of head and pronotum very narrowly 
piceous ; pronotum with the lateral margins moderately ampliated 
and reflexed, not anteriorl}^ dilated as in the two preceding species, 
but almost oblique from the lateral angles to head : apex of 
scutellum more or less piceous : body beneath generally covered 
with a white powdery substance ; legs and tarsi dark castaneous ; 
body above very finely and obscurely punctate. In the male of 
this species the anal appendage is truncate at its apex. 

Length 25 to 31 ; breadth 15 to 16| millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Assam {Atldnson Coll.). Bombay (Dixon). 
Malabar and Secunderabad (CoZZ.i)('s<.). Ceylon (6r rem). Burma ; 
Karennee (Fea). Tenasserim ; Meetan {Feci). — Also found 
in the Malay Peninsula and several islands of the Malayan 
Archipelago. 

The Soapnut-tree Bug, found on the tree of that name 
{Sapinclm trifoUatns, Linn.), produces a shrill sound when caught : 
common in Bombay from September to May (H. M. Dkvon). 

Considerable confusion has existed, and probably still exists, in 
the synonymy of this and the following species {T, papillosa) ; from 
an examination of a very large number of specimens, I conclude 
that I was wrong in placing the four species described by Walker 
{supra) as synonyms of T. papillosa, and that they really represent 
T. javcmica. The colour of the antennae is a variable character, 
and it is in male specimens that the real differeiitiation exists. 

407. Tessaratoma papillosa, Dmnj (Cimex), III. i, p. 96, t. 43, f. 2 

(1770) ; Wolff, Ic. i, p. 12, f. 12 (1800) ; Hahn, Wanz. Ins. ii. 

p. 123, pi. 67, f. 204 (1834) : Amy. 4'- Serv. Hem. p. 165 (1843) : 

StS,l, En. Hem. i, p. 67 (1870). 
Cimex chiiiensis, Thunb. Nov. Ins. Sp. ii, p. 45, t. 2, f, 59 (1783). 
Tessaratoma sonneratii, Lepell. S^' Serv. Enc. Meth. x, p. 590 (1825). 
Larva : Tessaratoma ossa-crueuta, G?-at/, Griffith's An. Kingd. xv, 

p. 239, pi. 93, f. 1 (1832). 

s2 



260 



PENTATOMIB.?;. 



This species is allied ia general coloration to the preceding 
species (T. javanica), but is a narrower and more elongate insect ; 
the antennae are altogether black ; and in the male the anal 
appendage is sinuate at the apex, the apical angles acute. 

Length 25 to 28 ; breadth 13| to 15 millim. 

Hah. Assam. Calcutta {Atkins. Coll.). jN'ilgiri Hills (i/'aTOj)SO«). — 
This species is better kno«n from China, where it is the dominant 
form of the genus. 

Genus HYPENCHA. 

HyYieiicha, Amy. Si- Seri\ Hem. p. 160 (1843); Stal, Hem. Afr. i, 
p. 225 (1864). 

Type, H. apicalis, Lepell. & Serv., a Malayan species. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Head moderately pointed ; antennae a little longer than in 
Tessaratoma, with the joints proportionally longer and less stout; 
rostrum passing the anterior coxae ; pronotum transverse, the 
lateral angles prominent, rounded, the basal margin slightly 
produced posteriorly over the base of the scutellum ; metasternal 
elevation continued a little beyond the anterior coxae and slightly 
directed downward towards apex ; scutellum not reaching the 
middle of abdomen, its apex more or less spatulate ; abdomen not 
dilated or only slightly dilated on each side ; intermediate and 
posterior femora prominently spined before apex. 

408. Hypencha luctuosa, Stdl, Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. 596 (1863). 

" J . Obovate, somewhat brassy black ; above sparingly but 




Fig. 165. — Ht/jiencha luctuosa. 

distinctly punctate, more finely on hemelytra ; beneath densely, 
iinely, rugulosely punctate; apical joint of antennae (excluding 
base), head beneath, meso- and metasterna ochraceous ; lateral 
angles of pronotum somewhat prominent." (Stdl.) 

Length 28 ; breadth 15 millim. 
y Hab. Burma {^Brit. Jlim.). 

Stal's type is here figured. 



PYGOi'LATrS. 



261 



Genus PYGOPLATYS. 

Pygoplatys, i)«^/. List Hem. i, p. 338 (1851) ; StSl, Hem. Afi: 

p. 225 (1864). 
Subg. Odontoteuchus, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Forh. 1870, p. 643. 

Type, P. validus, DalL, from an unknown locality. 

Distribution. Burma, Malayana. 

Head not broader than long, somewhat pointed anteriorly ; 
basal joint of antennae not quite reaching the apex of head, I'ostrum 
passing the anterior coxse ; pronotum with the lateral angles 
produced in broad flat processes or strong pointed spines ; the 
posterior margin produced in a semicircle over the base of the 
scatellum ; metasternal process narro\^ed anteriorly and produced 
to the anterior coxae, emarginate posteriorly for the reception of 
the basal abdominal spine or tubercle ; anal appendages exhibiting 
eight teeth or spines. 



409. Pygoplatys acutus, Dall. List Hem. i. p. 340 (1851). 

Pvgoplatys roseus, Foil. Faun. Ind. Need, iii, p. 24 (note) 

(1868). 

Pale ochraceous, somewhat densely punctate; pronotum, at 
each lateral angle, with a long stout acute spine, which is some- 
what coarsely blackly punc- 
tate ; connexivum margined 
and spotted with brassy- 
green ; antennae brownish- 
ochraceous ; head usually 
rosaceous ; anterior lateral 
mai'gins of pronotum trans- 
versely ridged : scutellum 
with the apical area furrowed 
and less densely punctate ; 
abdomen beneath with a 
distinct central ridge. 

Length 17 to 18 : breadth 
Fig. 166. — Pygo'plati/s acutus. between pronotal angles 16| 

millim. 
Hah. Burma {Athinson Coll.). Malacca {Coll. Dist.). 




410. Pygoplatys tauriformis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 431 

(1893). 

Pale olivaceous oi- ochraceous, obscurely punctate ; pronotal 
angles strongly produced in long anteriorly curved spines, marked 
with very coarse black punctures, and with their apices subacute 
and slightly recurved ; antennae castaneous, the apical joint, 
excluding apex, fuscous; eyes, apices of the tibiae, the tarsi, and 
lateral and apical margins of the abdomen (narrowly) black, the 
last also spotted with ochraceous. 



262 



PENTAT0MID.5;. 



Length 21 ; breadth between pronotal angles 20 milHm. 
Hah. Tenasseriin : Myitta {Dohertij). 

Differing principally from P. acutus by the longer and more 
anteriorly produced pronotal angles. 



Genus AMISSUS. 
Amissus, St&l, Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. 595 (1863). 

Type, A. atlas, Stal. 

Distribution. Tenasserim, Malayana. 

Body large, oval ; head subelongate, lateral lobes very long, 
continuous before the central lobe, ocelli remote^ from the eyes, 
antennae four-jointed ; pronotum with the posterior margin 
convexly produced over the base of the scutellum ; corium with 
the apical margin straight, the apical angle rounded : membrane 
with the veins forming many areolets or cells at base ; meso- 
sternum somewhat broadly elevated and widely emarginate 
anteriorly ; metasternum broadly elevated and posteriorly broadly 
sinuate to receive the basal abdominal tubercle ; legs somewhat 
short, femora armed with two spines at apices. 

411. Amissus atlas, StSJ, Tr. E. S. (3)i, p. 596 (1863) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. 
Iviii, p. 03 (1889). 

" Dark castaneous ; narrow margin and posterior area of 
pronotum, apex of scutellum, hemelytra, coxte, trochanters, and 




Fig. 167. — Aiii/.-<6H.s «//(^^. 

abdominal ^nargin dilutely castaneous; antennae, veins of hemelytra, 
and the tarsi yellowish-castaneous ; apical angles of the abdominal 
segments black." (Stdl.) 

Length 41 ; breadth 19 millim. 

Hab. Tenasserim {Athinson Coll.). — Singapore {Brit. Mus.). 

Stal's type is here figured. 



ECJSTHENES. 263 



Division EUSTHENARIA. 

Eusthenina, Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 60 (1870). 

Eusthenaria, Hon:. Tennesz. F'dzetek, xxiii, p. 340 (1900K 

Metasternum simple or elevated, never freely produced anteriorly ; 
scutellum equilateral, narrowiug aud slightly produced at the apex 
behind the frena, rounded or truncated at apex, less than half the 
length of abdomen ; proiiotum not posteriorly produced, 

Sijaoj^sis of Genera. 

A. Posterior femora in male sex strongly incras- 

sated and near base lougly spined. 

a. Metasternum strongly elevated Eusthenes, p. 263. 

b. Metasternum not elevated Eurostus, p. 268. 

B. Posterior femora in male sex neither incras- 

sated nor longiy spined near base. 

a. Metasternum elevated. 

a. Second abdominal segment centrally ele- 

vated and reaching base of metasternum. 
rtK Length of head about equal to breadth 
betw^een eyes. 

a-. Mesosternuni with a furrowed ridge ; 
metasternal plate narrowed an- 
teriorly, emarginate from centre to 
base Mattiphus, p. 269. 

b'^. Mesosternum with a distinct central 
plate, furrowed anteriorly ; meta- 
sternal plate with margins straight 
from base to centre, then broadly 
rounded to apex Origanaus, p. 271. 

b. First abdominal segment elevated and 

reaching base of metasternum. 
b^. Head shorter than breadth between 

eyes Asiargha, p. 272. 

b. Metasternum not elevated. 

a. Posterior femora moderately tlaickened, 

posterior tibiae curved Carpona, p. 273. 

h. Posterior femora not thickened, posterior 
tibiae straight, 
a^. Abdominal margins straight, not 

dilated Pycanum, p. 274. 

h^. Abdominal margins ampliated, forming 

an angle ou each side Dalcantha, p. 275. 



Genus EUSTHENES. 

Eusthenes, Laporte, Ess. Hem. p. 64 (1832) ; Amy. S,- Sere. Hem, 
p. 167 (1843) ; Stdl, Hem. Afr. i, p. 225 (1864). 

Type, E. robustus, Lepell. & Serv. 
Bistrihution. Oriental Region and China. 

Head moderately long, the apex somewhat truncate, lateral 
lobes much longer than central lobe, which is altogether submerged, 



2G4 



pextatomid.t:. 



basal joint of antennae just passincf apex of head ; pronotum 
transrerse, lateral angles moderatelr prominent a,nd rounded, 
postei'ior margin straight, not produced over base of scutellum : 
metasternal plate elevated, but scarcely produced beyond the 
intermediate coxa? ; legs robust, posterior femora much incrassated,.. 
-tvith a strong and long spine near base ; scutellum not reaching 
the middle of the abdomen. 

412. Eusthenes rohustus, Lepell. ^- Serr. (Tesisaratoma) Enc. Meth. 
X, p. rj91 (1825) ; Atkhis. J. A. S. B. hiii, p. G4 (1889) & syn. 
Eusthenes elephas, Dohrn, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 351 (1803). 

Body broad, blackish -brown, the corium paler and more 
castaneous in hue ; antennae black ; legs black, tai'si castaneous ; 
above very thickly, finely, and obscurely punctate ; lateral margins 




S:s^ 





Fig. 168. — Evsfhcne6 rohv.stu^. 

of pronotum transversely wrinkled ; second joint of autennjie 
longer than third, shorter than fourth ; membrane dark brassy- 
ochraceous. 

Length 32 to 40 ; breadth between pronotal angles 17 to 22 
millim.* 

Hab. Assam ; Sibsagar (Atl-inson), Naga Hills {Doherty). — Also 
received from JaAa and Borneo. 

413. Eusthenes hercules, Stal, En. Hem. i, p. 231 (1870). 

Above piceous, the corium as a rule much paler and more 



i^ Atkinson (J. A. S. B. Iviii, p. 65) gives the dimensions of this species n 
36-46 millim. I have seen no such gigantic specimens as tlie last dimension 
denotes. My largest examples are from Java and Borned. 



EUSTHENES. 265 

castaueous : bod}' beneath pale castaneous ; counexivum black, 
with a reddish-ochraceous spot at base of each segment ; apex of 
scutellnm castaneous ; legs black, the tarsi yellow ish-castaneous. 

Allied to the preceding species {E. rohustns), from which it differs 
in having the pronotum not wider than the coi'ium, the meso- 
sternal ridge furrowed, a spotted connexivum, the body beneath 
differently coloured, &c. 

Length 39 to 42 ; breadth between pronotal angles 20 to 22 
millim. 

Hah. Khiisi Hills (C7t<?nneZ0; Naga Hills (I>o7ie;-/y). 

414. Eiisthenes eurytus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 358. 

Allied to E. hercules, Stal, but smaller, the pronotum much less 
rounded at the anterior lateral margins, and the lateral angles 
even less produced than in that species ; antennae entirely black, 
except the apical joint, which is very narrowly ochraceous at the 
apex ; tarsi bright ochraceous ; posterior femora beneath \^ith a 
strong spine near base, and with a double series of short spines 
near apex. 

Length 32 to 36; breadth between pronotal angles 14 to 16 
millim. 

Hah. Assam {CoU. Dist.) ; Shillong (Gills). 

The dark legs and pale ochraceous tarsi afford one means for 
the identification of this species. 

415. Eusthenes saevus, SW, Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. 597 (18C3). 

Olivaceous black \^itli ferruginous reflections, the corium most 
strongly suffused ; body beneath, base of the apical joint of 
the antennce, and the apex of the scutellnm very pale castaneous. 

Allied to E. eurytus, from which it differs by having the tarsi 
dark castaneous, not ochraceous, base of apical joint of antennae 
ochraceous, posterior femora either wanting the double sei'ies of 
spines near apex or possessing them very obsoletely. 

Length 27 to 32 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13 to 16 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (AtJdnson) ; Khasi Hills (ChenneU) ; jNTaga Hills 
(Dohertii). Deccan {StocMiolm Mus.). — Also received from North 
China, from which the type was described. 

410. Eusthenes polyphemus, Stdl, Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. 598 (1863) ; id. 
En. Hem. i, p. 232 (1870). 

Above shining purplish-black, the corium a little paler : body 
beneath and legs very pale castaneous, the posterior femora 
purplish-black ; apex of scutellnm and a large poi'tion of the basal 
joint of antennae very pale castaneous. 

This species, besides its smaller size and differently coloured 
legs, differs from E. Jiercules in having the mesosternal ridge more 
elevated and in that part not furrowed ; the posterior tibiae not 
so stout, with the lower flattened ^^ortion longer and reaching the 



266 PENTATOMIB.T. 

iiiidclle of the tibiae ; the structure of the anal segment is also 
different. 

Length 33 to 35 ; breadth between pronotal angles 18 millim. 

Hah. Deccan (Stocl-Jiolm 2Ius.). Khusi Hills {Coll. Dist.) ; Naga 
Hills (Dohertif). Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 

417. Ensthenes thoracicus, Bist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 61 (1900). 

Head, pronotum, seutellum, and legs piceous ; corium and body 
beneath very dark castaneous ; apex of seutellum and eyes reddish- 
ochraceous ; antenniie black, second joint a little longer than the 
third (remainder mutilated in type) ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins distinctly reflexed, rounded anteriorly, and a little 
concavely sinuate before the posterior angles, which are sub- 
prominent ; before the rounded anterior lateral margins is a broad 
sublateral rugosity which is strongly transversely striated, remainder 
of disk somewhat faintly stxnated and moderately punctate ; 
posterior femora in male strongly incrassated, beneath with a long 
robust curved spine near base, and with a series of small obtuse 
spines near apex. Other characters as in E. robustiis, but 
E. thoracicus differs from that and other species of the genus by 
the structure of the pronotum. 

Length 36; breadth between pi*onotal angles 17; greatest 
abdominal breadth 20 millim. 

ifah. Assam (Atl-inson, Brit. Mus.). 

418. Eusthenes cupreus, Westw. (Tessaratoma) in Mope Cat. i, p. 27 
(18.37); Ball. List Hem. i, p. 342 (1851) ; Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 231 
(1870). 

Castaneous, cupreous, or olivaceous-brown, seutellum always dark, 
sometimes darker than remaining surface : antennse black, extreme 
tip of apical joint rufescent : body beneath pale castaneous, legs a 
little darker ; body somewhat narrow and elongate. 

Length 26 to 28 : breadth between pronotal angles 12 to 13 ; 
greatest breadth at corium 14 to 16 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Assam; Khasi Hills (CAemie??). N.AV. Himalaya 
{Ind. Mus.). 

Stal, writing on the above species, states that in collections 
two species are confused. One (length 24; breadth 12 millim.) is 
distinguished by its smaller size, its somewhat more brilliant colour, 
by having the anterior part of the pronotum and the hemelytra at 
base olivaceous, the antennae shorter, the anterior margins of the 
pronotum not reflexed, and the dorsum of the abdomen with a 
large shiny brassy-green disk'. For this species he proposes the 
name of E. tlieseus, Stal. I have not seen any species agreeing 
with this description from our fauna. The dimensions given by 
Stal for E. cupreus (length 29-35; breadth of hem. 14|-17| 
inillim.) exceeds the size of the series of specimens now before me. 

E. cupreus and the two following species are distinguished by 
more elongate structure. 



EUSTHENES. 267 

419. Eusthenes riibefactus, Vist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 111. 

Above dark castaiieous tinged with olivaceous ; body beneath 
with legs pale bright castaneous or ochraceous ; abdomen above 
purplish-red ; connexivum olivaceous, spotted with ochraceous 
at segmental bases ; antenna? piceoiis, with the basal joint, excluding 
apex, reddish-ochraceous ; eyes inwardly margined with reddish- 
ochraceous ; head with tlie lateral lobes obliquely striate, the basal 
area slightly rugulose ; antenuce with the third joint shorter than 
the second or fourth joints, extreme tip of apical joint ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the lateral margins strongly wrinkled, the lateral 
angles subpromiuent and subacute. — Male. Posterior femora 
strongly incrassated, with a long and strong spine at less than 
half the length from base, a series of small spines on inner margin 
of apical area, and with a prominent stout spine or tooth at apex. 

The spotted connexivum and colour of the body beneath and of 
the legs will at once diifei-entiate this species. 

Length 27 to 33 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 to 15 
millim. 

Hah. Burma; Kareunee {Fea). 

420. Eusthenes scutellaris, Hen-.-ScMff. (Tesseratoma) WaiK. Ins. 

iv, p. 81, p. 410 (1839) ; StSl, En. Hem. i, pp. 71 & 231 (1870) ; 

Dist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 45 (1879). 
Eusthenes minor, VoU. Faun. hid. Neerl. iii, p. 29 (1868). 
Eusthenes autenuatus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 357. 

Head, pronotum, and coriura purplish-brown ; eyes ochraceous ; 
scutellum very dark olivaceous with the apex castaneous ; mem- 
brane shining brassy-brown ; basal joint castaneous, and apical 
joint of the antennae ochraceous, the last with the apex blackish, 
second and third joints blackish, base of second narrowly castaneous, 
apical joint somewhat longest, second very slightly longer than 
third : body beneath brownish -ochraceous, sometimes castaneous ; 
legs castaneous, tarsi slightly paler ; pronotum finely transversely 
striate ; scutellum more coarsely striate ; corium thickly and 
finely punctate ; posterior femora with a long spine near base, 
and a double series of short spines on apical half of the under 
surface, of which the last two are the longest. The elongate form 
of the body and the colour of the anteunaj distinguish this species ; 
connexivum generally purplish-brown, with a more or less distinct 
ochraceous spot at base of each segment. 

Length 25 to 26 ; width between pronotal angles 12 millim. 

Hub. Nepal. Khasi Hills ; Shillong {Coll. Dist.). 

I originally referred to this species as E. scutellaris {supra), but 
subsequently described it as a new species, owing to the unsatis- 
factory nature of the figure given by Herrich-Schiiffer. 1 think it 
better to pursue my first course as most likely being the correct 
one. In my description of E. antennatus two printer»* errors 
occurred : " legs ochraceous "' for eyes ochraceous ; and " Long. 35 
to 36 mm."' for 25 to 26 millim. 



268 



PENTATOMID^. 



Genus EUROSTUS. 

Eiirostus, Dall. List Hem. i. p. 342 (1851); Stal, Hem. Afr. i, 
p. 225 (1864). 

Type, E. validus, Dall., from China. 

Distribution . Himalayas ; Burma ; China. 

Head longex' than broad, narrowed anteriorly, the apex slightly 
emarginate ; antennae four-jointed, second joint longer than the 
third ; rostrum about reaching the middle of the mesosternum ; 
pronotum with the lateral angles unarmed, posterior margin not 
produced ; scutellum short, not reaching the middle of the abdomen, 
apex small, rounded, and somewhat spatulate ; abdomen unarmed 
at the base ; sternum without a ridge ; legs stout, anterior and 
intermediate femora with two spines beneath near apex, posterior 
femora much iucrassated, with a long acute spine near base, two 
shorter spines near apex, and a doubla series of minute spines 
placed along the under surface. 



421, Eurostus grossipes, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 343 (1851). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and connexivum opaque, piceous 
with an olivaceous tinge ; pronotum faintly wrinkled transversely, 
the extreme lateral margins brown ; scutellum transversely 
wrinkled, the apex ochraceous ; corium purplish-brown, opaque : 
membrane bro\A'nish-ochraceous ; connexivum with an ochraceous 
spot at the base of each segment : body beneath dull violaceous. 




Fig. 169. — Eurostus grossipes. 

opaque, with the lateral margins and median area brownish- 
ochraceous ; legs and rostrvnn brownish-ochraceous ; antennae 
with the basal joint brownish-ochraceous, second black, extreme 
apex of fourth joint feiTuginous. 

The above is the description of a typical specimen; some are 
wholly dark olivaceous-green, or purplish-brown above. 



MATTIPHUS. 269 

Length 30 to 30 ; breadth between prouotal angles 15 to 17 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim; Darjeeling {Coll. Dist.). Assam; Khasi Hills 
( GhennelJ) ; Mai'gherita {Doherty). 

422. Eurostus OChraceus, Montand. ? Ann. Soc. Ent. Beh/. xxxviii, 
p. 038 (1894) ; Bist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 103. 

Dull ochraeeous ; antennte, margins of head, lateral margins of 
pronotum, basal lateral margin of corium, and the connexivum 
black ; body beneath, legs, and basal joint of antennae ocbraceous ; 
pronotum faintly and scutellum more profoundly transversely 
striate. 

Length 27^ to 32 ; greatest breadth 15 to 16| millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). The species was founded on 
a Chinese specimen. 

Genus MATTIPHUS. 

Mattiphus, Ami/. ^- Sew. Hem. p. 108 (1843) ; Stul, Hem. Afr. i, 
p. 225 (1804). 

Type, M. laticoiUs, AVestw. 

Distribution. Oriental llegion. 

Pronotum dilated laterally, transversely quadrate, the anterior 
angles rather prominent ; head with the apes emarginate, basal 
joint of antenna? just passing apex of head ; rostrum extending to 
about the middle of mesosternum, ^\■hich is distinctly ridged, the 
ridge anteriorly furro\\"ed ; metasteraal plate moderately elevated, 
not posteriorly, but from base to centre emarginate, narrowed 
anteriorly : legs simple, posterior femora in tlie male neither 
incrassated nor very prominently spined near base ; second 
abdominal segment centrally elevated and reaching the base of the 
metasteruum ; angles of sixth abdominal segment in the male 
rounded, in the female acute. 

423. Mattiphus laticollis. Tre*7;«-. (Eustheues) in Hope Cat. i, p 27 
(1837) ; Hal/. List Hem. i, p. 344 (1851). 
Mattiphus carrenoi, Amy. l^- Serv. Hem. p. 108 (1843). 

Pale, shining, castaneous ; scutellum blackish-castaueous, the 
extreme apex pale luteous ; connexivum blackish, obsoletely, 
sometimes distinctly, spotted with ochraeeous at the segmental 
bases : body beneath and legs luteous ; abdomen with a series of 
transverse striae near stigmata, which are sometimes dai-ker in 
colour ; antennae black, basal joint and extreme apices of 
remaining joints luteous. 

Length 27 to 29 ; breadth between postei'ior pronotal an/>-les 
15 millim. 

Hah. India (Amy. cf- >Serv., probably Burma or Teuasserim). 

Malay Peninsula and Java. 



270 PEXTATOMID.i;. 

424. Mattiphus seruginosus, St8l, Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. 600 (1863). 

Oval; brassy-green above, finel_y punctate; pronot urn slightly 
transversely rugose, its posterior area and inner area of corium 
more or less ferruginous : body beneath and legs, extreme apex of 
scutellum, apex of third and base of fourth joints of antenute, and 
small marginal abdominal spots ochraceous ; sternum and abdomen 
shining purplish-yello\\' ; femora unarmed. Stature of Fycanum 
ruhem, Fabr., but the lateral pronotal margins are straight from 
the apex to beyond the middle, thence obtusely roiindly angulate. 

Length 21 ; breadth 11 millim. 

Mab. Ceylon (Brit. Mtis.). 

425. Mattiphus jaspideus, Herr.-Schlif. (Pvcanum) Wanz. Ins. ix, 

p. 308, f. 1009 (1853) ; Sm (Pvcanum), En. Hem. i, p. 75 (1870) : 
Dist. A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 432 (1893). 

Pale castaneous with resplendent greenish reflections ; iu fresh 
specimens the gi'een most developed on the anterior and lateral 
margins of the pronotum, basal margin of scutellum, aud costal 
area of corium ; antennae black, basal joint somewhat pale cas- 
taneous, apex of third and base of fourth joints luteous ; apex of 
scutellum and body beneath shining luteous with greenish 
reflections : legs pale castaneous, apices of the tibiae and the tarsi 
piceous ; femora shortly spined beneath near apices ; anterior 
lateral pronotal margins strongly reflexed. 

Length 23 to 25 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 to 13 
millim. 

Hah. Xorth-west Himalaya (ColL Dist.). Assam; Margherita 
(DoJiertif). 

Atkinson (J. A. S. B. 1889, p. 78) considers that the shortly 
spined femora bring this species into the genus Pycannm. In my 
opinion, the raised metasternal plate assuredly locates it in 
Matti2:>Jius. 

426. Mattiphus ohlongus, DalL List Hem. i, p. 344 (1851). 
Pycanum pallipes, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 473. 14 (1868). 

" Above brilliant brassy-green, generally becoming dull pitchy- 
brown after death ; pronotum transverely quadrate, with the 
anterior angles rather less than right angles, the anterior margin 
nearly straight, with a small central emargination for the reception 
of the head, the lateral margins also nearly straight, the posterior 
margin gently rounded ; the surface of the pronotum is faintly 
wrinkled transversely and minutely punctured ; scutellum trans- 
versely wrinkled and rather thickly and finely punctured ; margins 
of the abdomen projecting beyond the corium on each side, 
especially at the apex, the posterior angles of the apical segment 
very prominent, acute, making the apex of the abdomen apparently 
truncated and giving an oblong form to the whole body : body 



OElGANAtrS. 



271 



beneath golden yellow ; legs pale fulvous brown ; antennae darker, 
with the apex of the third and base of the fourth joints yellow or 
orange ; remainder of fourth joint black." {Dallas.) 





Fig. 170. — Maftiphus oblonyus 



Length 'lo to 27 milliui. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). 

Dallas's type is here figured. 



Genus ORIGANAUS. 
Origanaus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 4:32 (1893). 

Type, 0. humerosus, Dist. 

Distrihution. Assam Hills. 

Body moderately elongate and narrowed towards apex ; head 
about as long as wide at base (including the eyes); rostrum 
slightly passing the anterior coxae ; antennae with the basal joint 
not quite reaching apex of head, second joint considerably longer 
than third ; pronotum laterally and angularly dilated ; abdomen 
with the apices of the apical segment moderately and angulately 
produced, but not reaching the apex of the anal appendage : 
presternum deeply sulcate, mesosternum with a flat central oval 
elevation, which is somewhat broadly sulcated toAvards the anterior 
coxae ,; metasternum with a broad central flat elevation, reaching 
the nitermediate coxae and narrowed and rounded in front ; second 
abdominal segment centrally slightly tuberculous. 

427. Origanaus humerosus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 433 
(1893). 

Very dark purplish-brown ; eyes, legs, and body beneath 
ochraceous or pale castaneous (in fresh specimens the body is 
evidently pale resplendent green) ; pronotal angles broadly and 
subtruncately produced, and from their apices the lateral margins 



272 



PENTATOMID.E. 



are moderately concave; membrane pale capreous; abdomen above 

purplish-red, with two cen- 
tral metallic greenisb fasciae, 
the lateral and apical mar- 
gins dark purplish-brown ; 
pronotum and scutellum 
finely transversely rugulose ; 
corium very thickly and 
finely punctate ; connexivum 
nearly black, spotted with 
ochraceous at the bases of 
the segments. 

Length 20 to 24 ; breadth 
between pronotal angles 12 
to 14 millim. 
Hah. Nagallills {Dohertij). 
Although I possess six specimens of this species, the antennce 

are more or less mutilated in every one of them. 




Fig. \l\.— Origaiiaus humcrosus. 



Genus ASIARCHA. 
Asiavcba, Stal, En. Hem. i, p. 73 (1)^70). 

Type, A. nigridorsis, Stal. 

Distribution. India. 

Allied to Mattiphus, Amy. & Serv., but differing by having 
the head shorter and more obtuse : the prosternum furrowed, the 
mesosternum Avith a longitudinal furrowed ridge ; the meta- 
sternum elevated, anteriorly and posteriorly narrowed ; first 





Fig. 172. — Asiarcha iiigridorsis. 

abdominal segment tuberculously elevated at middle; abdomen 
♦Gradually slightly narrowed posteriorly, angles of sixth segment 
acutely prominent and directed hindvvardly. 

428. Asiarcha nigridorsis, Stal (Mattiphus), 7V. E. S. (3) i, p. GOO 
(1863) ; En. Hem. i, p. 73 (1870). 

Above piceous, beneath with antennae and legs obscurely 
ochraceous ; extreme abdominal margin piceous ; fourth joint of 



CABPONA. 



273 



aiiteunce black, the base luteoas ; membrane greenish cupreous. 
Allied to Mattiplms ohlongus, Dall., but differing by its larger size 
and by the generic characters above detailed. Abdomen above 
dark indigo-blue, the lateral margins piceous. 

Length 29 ; breadth 15 to 17 millim. 

Hah. Punjab. N.iga Hills {Doliertij). Khasi Hills {lad. Mus.). 

Genus CARPONA. 

Carpona, Dohrn, Stett. eat. Zeit. xxiv, p. 351 (1863) ; Stdl, En. Hem. 

i, p. 7-1 (1870). 
Virbius, StS,l, Hem. Afr. i, p. 225 (1864). 

Type, O.funesta, Dohrn, from Cambodia. 

Distribution. Oriental Region. 

Somewhat allied in structure to Asiarclia, Stal, but metasternum 
not elevated ; mesosternum centrally sulcate ; length of head almost 
equal to breadth, excluding eyes ; ]Dosterior femora moderately 
thickened, posterior tibiae curved. 

429. Carpona amplicollis, .S^^/ (Pycauum), Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. 600 (1863). 

Piceous; pronotum and scutellum moderately rugulose, corium 
very finely, thickly, and obscurely punctate ; antenna3 with the 
second and fourth joints subequal in length ; scuteUum more 
distinctly punctured than the pronotum ; femora beneath armed 




i^ig. 173. — Carpona umplkollis. 

with two spines near apex, the interior spine on the posterior 
femora robust ; posterior tibise slightly curved behind the middle. 

Length 31 to 36 ; breadth between anterior pronotal angles 
18 to 20 millim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Assam ; Margherita(Z)o/«!r^v). 

VOL. I. ^' 



274 



PENTATOMID^. 



430. Carpona stalailis, Walk. (Pycamim) Cat. Het. iii, p. 472. 12 
(1868) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. {(3) xi, p. 434 (1893). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and finely punctate ; pronotum 
(excluding anterior margin) and scutellum (excluding basal area) 
transversely rugulose ; pronotum subquadraj^e, with the extreme 
lateral margins distinctly darker, the anterior angles broadly 
reflexed ; corium yery thickly and finely punctate ; membrane 
shining, ochraceous ; connexirum margined and spotted with 
blackish : body beneath more or less shaded with resplendent 
green, excepting at the anterior sternal angles and at the margins 
nd central area of the abdomen ; legs A'ery dai'k castaneous. 

Length 32; breadth 19 miUira. 

Hah. " Hindostan " {Bowrhig, Brit. Miis.). 



Genus PYCANUM. 

Pycanum, Amy. 8,- Serv. Hem. p. 171 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afr. i, 
p. 225 (1864). 

Type, P. riibens, Fabr. 

Distribution. Oriental Region. 
, Head somewhat narrowed to a point, the apex emargiuate ; 
antennse with the basal joint just extending beyond the apex of 
the head ; rostrum extending to about the middle of the meso- 
sternum ; pronotum Avith the lateral margins convex, narrowing 
anteriorly, moderately reflexed, or with the anterior angles quad- 
rately produced and reflexed ; metasternum not elevated ; meso- 
sternum centrally sulcate ; connexivum extending beyond the 
corium ; femora moderately spined near apex. 



431. Pycanum rubens, Fabr. (Cimex) JSnt 
Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 40 (1868). 



S>/st. iv, p. 107 (1794) ; 





Fig. 174. — Pycanum rubens. 
practically absent 5 apex of scutellum 



Cimex ametbystiuus, Weber, 

Obs. Eni. p. 115 (1801) ; 

Biirm. (Aspongopus) 

Handb. ii, p. 351 (1835). 
Edessa amethystina, Fabr. 

Si/st. Rhyny. p. 150 

(1803). 
Tessaratoma alternata, Le- 

pell. 4* Serv. Encyc. Meth. 

X, p. 591 (1825). 

Above purplish-brown, 
suffused with resplendent 
green on the head ; an- 
terior area of pronotum 
and scutellum sometimes 
altogether suffused above, 
or again with the green 
and large spots to con- 



DALCANTHA. 275 

neiivum luteous ; body beneath and legs pale purplish-brown, 
lateral and segmental margins of sternum, transverse central, 
sublateral, and marginal abdominal spots, coxae and central area of 
mesonotum, luteous ; abdomen above pale purplish. 

Length 24 to 27 ; breadth 14 to 17 milhm. 

Hah. Assam (Atlinson Coll.). Tenasserim ; Mooleyit, Thagata 
(Feci). — A common Malayan species. 

432. Pycanum ochraceum, Blst. A. 31. N.H. (6) xi,p. 433 (1893). 

Pale uniform ochraceous ; antennae black, with the basal joint 
and extreme apex of the fourth joint ochraceous ; lateral margins 
of the head black ; pronotum with the lateral margins moderately 
ampliated and rounded, as in P. ruhens ; scutellum with the apical 
margin stramineous ; membrane very pale brassy-brown ; con- 
nexivum spotted with stramineous at the bases of the segments ; 
body beneath resplendent violaceous or greenish, with a longi- 
tudinal central fascia, the lateral margins, sternal segmental 
margins and curved fasciae on each side, and the legs ochraceous ; 
femoral apical spines blackish ; abdomen above bluish-black, with 
two broken, narrow, central, longitudinal, ochraceous fasciae. 

Length 24 to 28; breadth 14 to 16 milhm. 

Hah. Sikhim {Ind. Mus.) ; Darjeeling (Coll. Dist.). Assam; 
Khasi Hills (Chemiell) ; Naga Hills (Doherty) ; Margherita (Ind. 
Mus.). Burma: Karennee (Fm). 

433. Pycanum ponderosum, Stal, Ofc. Vet.-Ah. Fdrh. 1854, p. 234 ; 

id. op. cit. 1856, p. 63, pi. 1 a, f. 1. 
Dalcantha saucti fargavii, Veil. Tijdschi-. Ent. Ked. Lid. (2) i.p. 218, 
pi. xi, f. 6 (1866). 

Dull obscure luteous above and beneath ; antennae, extreme 
lateral margins of head and pronotum, and legs piceous or black ; 
apex of scutellum and the connexivum pale luteous, the last with 
large blackish spots ; membrane very pale brassy-brown. The 
shape of the pronotum in a general way resembles that of Matiiphus 
ohlongits, the anterior angles being quadrately produced and 
reflexed ; but P. ponderosum is separated from the genus Maitiphus 
by its metasternum having no elevated central plate. 

Length 28 to 35 ; breadth 20 to 21 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Ind. Mus.). Assam (Atkinson Coll.). Southern 
1\\^\& (Coll. Dist.). Burma (Coll. Dist.). Tenasserim; Malewoon 
(Fea). — Also received from the Malay Peninsula. 

Genus DALCANTHA. 

Dalcantha, Amy. ^- Serv. Hem. p. 170 (1843) ; Stdl, Rem. Afr. i, 
p. 225 (1864). 

Type, D. dilatata, Amy. & Serv. 
Distrihution. India. 

Head somewhat short and broad, lateral lobes longer than the 

t2 



276 



PENTATOMIDjE. 



central lobe and contiguous in front of it, lateral margins distinctly 
sinuated ; rostrum short, passing the anterior coxse ; pronotum 
with the posterior margin convex ; membrane with the veins at 
base forming a number of areolas or cells ; presternum centrally 
furrowed ; mesosternum with a furrowed ridge or two parallel 
ridges ; metasternum not elevated ; abdomen dilated and pos- 
teriorly angulated on each side. 

434. Dalcantha dilatata, Amtj. Sf Serv, Hem. p. 171 (184.3) ; Dist. 

A. 31. N. H. (7) vi, p. 61 (1900). 
Dalcantha regia, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 474. .3 (1868). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum olivaceous, or dark purplish- 
brown, corium more 
distinctly purplish ; apex 
of scutellum luteous ; 
membrane pale brassy- 
brown : body beneath and 
legs dull ochraceous, the 
segmental incisures to 
both sternum and abdo- 
men and some liueate 
markings distinctly 
darker ; antennae black, 
basal joint mostly dark 
ochraceous, apex of fourth 
joint luteous. 

Length 25 to 27 ; 
breadth at abdominal dilatation 17 to 19 millim. 

Hah. " North India " and Cachar {Coll. Dist.). 

435. Dalcantha inermipes, Stai, Tr. E. S. (3) i, p. m<d (1863). 
Purplish-brown above ; body beneath, legs, and nearly basal half 

of costal margin to corium pale ochraceous ; the body beneath 
sparingly mottled with pale fuscous : antennae and a median 
central line to abdomen black ; basal joint of antennae ochraceous. 

Allied to D. dilatata, but with the pronotum a little shorter, 
lateral anterior angles more dilated and rounded, antennas more 
slender ; femora unarmed. 

Length 20 to 22 ; breadth between abdominal dilatations 14 
to 15 millim. 

Hah. Punjab {Brit. Mus.). Niiga Hills {Doherty). * 




Fig. 175. — Dalcantha dilatata. 



* Dalcantha stalii, VoU. Tijdschr. Ent. Ned. hid. (2) i, p. 220, pi. II, 
f. 8 (1866) ; Btal (part.) En. Hem. i, p. 76 (1870). 

I do not know this species ; and Stal in admitting its validity bas cited the 
B. regia. Walk., as a synonym. This proposed species of Walker I have 
examined and can only regard as a synonym of D. dilatata. I quote Vollenhoven's 
species here solely on the authority of Stal, and cannot give its differential 
characters. 



MUSCANDA, 



277 



I have not proposed a Division for the reception o£ the two fol- 
lowing genera, because they differ considerably between themselves, 
and it is not desirable, except when absolutely necessary, to create a 
Division for a single genus. From the Tessaratomaria the genera 
here following differ in having the posterior margin of the pronotum 
truncate or concave and not produced over the base of the 
scutellum ; from the Eusthenaria they may be at once distinguished 
by the length of the scutellum, which is half, or more than half, the 
length of the abdomen. 

Genus MUSCANDA. 
Muscanda, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 57G (1868). 

Type, M. testacea, Walk. 

Distribution. Himalayas. 

Body moderately flat, subovate ; head with the lateral lobes 
meeting in front of the central lobe, but separate at their apices, their 
margins upwardly recurved ; antenn8e ^^ ith the basal joint passing 
the apex of the head ; pronotum slightly concave on the posterioi* 
margin, ridged between the angles, before which it is deflected to 
head, angles longly produced, antei-ior lateral margins dentate ; 
scutellum extending beyond frena, about half the length of abdomen, 
subtriangular ; corium moderately dilated from a little beyond 
base and narrowing again to apex ; mesosternum only moderately 
carinate,the carination neither continued anteriorly nor posteriorly ; 
metasternum moderately centrally elevated ; abdomen flat, with a 
slight central ridge ; rostrum not passing the anterior cox^e. 

436. Muscanda testacea, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 677 (1868). 

Pale ochraceous, thickly punctate ; posterior area of the pro- 
notum and basal area of scutellum rugulose ; antennae obscurely 






Fig. 176. — Muscanda testacea. 



pilose, minutely spotted with black, third joint longer than the 
second (remaining joints mutilated in the type) ; pronotum -with 



278 



PENTATOMID.E. 



the anterior lateral angles dentate, a distinct ridge between the 
central pronotal angles, which are more coarsely punctate; scutellum 
with an obscure central ridge; corium with the inner area opaque 
and somewhat sparingly darkly punctate, the costal area more 
thickly and finely punctate ; membrane pale purplish-brown ; 
abdomen beneath and legs concolorous, abdomen with a marginal 
series of small spots at apices of incisures and two spots at base 
of sixth segment black. 

Length 23 ; breadth between pronotal angles 16 millim. 

Hah. Darjeeling {Bnt. Mus.). 

Genus VITRUVIUS. 
Vitruvius, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1001, p. 111. 

Type, V. insii/nis, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Body ovate, moderately gibbous, attenuated posteriorly ; head 
small, deflected, lateral lobes meeting in front of central lobe, 
lateral margins reflexed, anterior margin subtruncate, posterior 
margin truncate, well inserted in the pronotum ; ocelli rather 
nearer to eyes than to each other ; rostrum reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae, second joint longest ; antennae five-jointed, basal 
joint stout, not quite reaching apex of head ; second and third 
joints longest and subequal in length, fourth and fifth a little 
shorter and subequal ; pronotum convex, deflected anteriorly, 
broader than long, the whole lateral area produced into a broad 
subacute angulation ; scutellum convex, more than half the length 
of the abdomen, its apex narrowed and rounded ; corium with its 
lateral margins convex, its apical margin .slightly rounded ; 
membrane with longitudinal veins emitted from basal cellular 
areas ; abdomen with the lateral margins entire, not projecting 
beyond corium ; prosternum longitudinally sulcate ; mesosternum 
obscurely carinate ; metasternum obscurely elevated ; legs mode- 
rately robust ; tibiae sulcated ; tarsi three-jointed. 

437. Vitruvius insignis, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 112. 

Ochraceous ; anterior lateral 
margins of pronotum, lateral 
margins of corium near base, 
some obscure longitudinal punc- 
tures to pronotum in about six 
series, a double discal series at 
base of scutellum, some scattered, 
punctures on disk of corium 
and apical area of scutellum, 
black : body beneath luteous, 
legs ochraceous ; head finely 
wrinkled and punctate, pro- 
notum more closely so and with 
two elongate, transverse, impunctate spaces near anterior margin ; 




Vitruvius insignis. 



CYCLOPELTA. 279 

scutellum distinctly transversely wrinkled, with a faint but broad 
central impression ; corium somewhat thickly and finely punctate, 
but longitudinally levigate on disk. 

Length 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10| millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Rangoon. {Feci). 



Subfamily VIII. DINIDORINiE. 

Dinidoriua, Stal, En. Hem. \, p. 79 (1870) ; id Ofu. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 

no. S, p. o2 (1872). 
Dinidorida, StSl, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1867, p. 522. 
Edessidte (part.), Hall. List Hem. i, p. 316 (1851). 
Diuidorinaj, Hst. Biol. Ce7itr.-Am., Rhynch. i, p. 102 (1881). 

Scutellum never extending beyond middle of abdomen, its apex 
broad ; hemelytra and wings usually complete, rarely abbreviated ; 
membrane very large, primary and subtended veins of wings dis- 
tant, converging at the apex. The small scutellum and large 
membrane are the principal characters of this subfamily, which, 
though a small oue, is widely distributed ; it is, however, only 
found in the southern and eastern areas of the Palaearctic Region. 
The genus Dinidor, from which the name is derived, is Neo- 
tropical, but an African species has been ascribed to it by 
Horvath. 

Si/noj}sis of Genera. 

A. Antennae five-jointed Aspongopus, p. 281. 

B. Autennee four-jointed. 

a. Head small, lateral lobes only a little 

longer than central lobe Cyclopelta, p. 279. 

b. Head large, lateral lobes much longer than 

central lobe and generally meeting beyond it. 
a. Pronotal margins angularly sinuate. 

a'. Abdominal margins lobately dentate . . MEaYMENUM, p. 285. 
h. Pronotal margins obliquely straight. 
b' . Abdominal margins moderately erosed ; 

hemelytra about covering abdomen. . Bbysodepsus, p 287. 
c'. Abdominal margins not erosed ; hem- 
elytra not covering abdomen Atelides, p. 288. 

Genus CYCLOPELTA. 

Cyclopelta, Amif. S)- Serv. Hem. p. 172 (181-j). 
Uinidor, Stdl,Hem. Afi: \, p. 211 (1864). 

Type, C. ohscura, Lepell. & Serv. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Body oval or ovate ; head with the margins ampliately reflexed, 
lateral'lobes a little longer than the central lobe, apex subtruncate ; 
antennae four-jointed, basal joint passing the apex of the head ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxte ; pronotum with the 
lateral angles rounded, not produced ; scutellum short, apex broad ; 



280 



PENTATOMIDjE. 



membrane large, veins reticulated ; mesosternum sulcated : ab- 
domen unarmed at base. 

488. Cyclopelta obscura, Leiiell. 4- Sen. (Tessaratoma) Enc. Meth. x. 

p. 59i^ (1825) ; Amy. 8f Serv. Kern. p. 173 (1843). 
Aspongopus alternaus, Westw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 26 (1837). 
Aspongopus depressicornis, Serr.-Sehiiff. Wanz. iv, p. 85, 1". 418 

(1839) ; id. (Dinidor) op. cit. vii, p. 76 (1844). 

Black or blackish brown ; a small spot at base and apex of 
scutellum and connexivum reddish ochraceous, the last with 
black spots : body beneath and legs black ; the abdomen much 
suffused with red, the lateral margins, to within the stigujata,^ 
reddish-ochraceous, marginal spots and stigmata black ; above 
closely, finely, and obscurely punctate ; pronotum and scutellum 
obsoletely transversely wrinkled. 

Leugth 14 to 16 ; breadth 9 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Calcutta ; Madras {Colh Atlinson). Bui'ma ; 
Karennee (Fea). — A species found more abundantly in Malayana. 
and recorded from China. 

439. Cyclopelta parva, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 220 (1900). 

Closely allied to C. ohscura, but differing by its much smaller 
size and by the antennae , which are shorter and broader than in 
that species, the joints being broader and more spatulate ; the 
connexivum is generally spotted with ochraceous, and there is 
usually a small central basal ochraceous spot to the scutellum. 

Leugth 10 to 12 millim. 

Hah. Eangoon and Pegu (Atlinson Coll.). China; Kiukiaug 
and vShantung. 

440. Cyclopelta siccifolia, WesfAV. (Aspongopus) in Hope Cat. i, p. 20- 

(1837) ; Dull. List Hem. i, p. 347 (1851). 
Cyclopelta tartarea, Stal, Of v. Vet.-AJc. Fork. 1854, p. 234. 




Fig. 178. — Cyclopelta siccifolia. 
Entirely black or subcupreous black, the [membrane more or 



ASPONGOPUS. 281 

less brownish-ochraceous. Differs from C. obscura by having the 
connexivum concolorous, neither red nor spotted witli black ; the 
scutellum has sometimes a minute sanguineous spot at base. 

Length 11 to 16 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Mungphu {Atlinson). Khasi Hills (ChevneU). 
Bengal ; Moorshedabad (Iml. Mns.). Bombay (Leith) ; Bor Ghat 
(Dixoji), Poona. Vizagapatam. Ceylon. Burma ; Metanja, 
Teinzo, Bhamo, Rangoon (Pea). 

A species varying considerably in size. On one specimen in 
the collection of the Indian Museum is the following label : — 
" Insects which infest Erytlirina, several species, and other 
Leguminosae— Poona." 

441. Cyclopelta abdominalis, sp. n. 

Above cupreous-brown, corium and membrane a little paler : 
body beneath pale ochraceous, finely but darkly punctate ; abdomen 
with two fuscous streaks on apical segment, stigmata and mar- 
ginal spots black ; legs dark castaneous ; head broad and sub- 
quadrate, somewhat coarsely punctate ; antennae with the second 
joint long, sulcate above, third short (remainder mutilated in 
type) ; pronotum and scutellum obscurely punctate aud somewhat 
rugosely transversely wrinkled ; corium rngulose ; femora spined 
beneath near apices. 

Length 14 millim. 

Hab. Mergui; Tavoy (Coll. Dist.). 

Genus ASPONGOPUS. 

Aspongopus, Laporte (part.), Fss. Hem. p. 58 (1832) ; Amy. <§• Serv. 

Hem. p. 173 (1843) ; Stal, Hem. Afr. i, pp. 81, 212 (1864). 
Spougopodium, Spi7i. Ess. Hem. p. 305 (1837). 
Amacosia, Spin. Gen. (VIns, Artr. p. 118 (1852). 
Peltagopus, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1860, p. 936. 
Siibg. Colpoproctus, Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 81 (1870). 

Type, A. janus, Pabr. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions, one species 
entering the Southern Palsearctic Region. 

Body oval or ovate ; head small, narrower than in Ct/clojjelta, 
margin laminately reflexed, lateral lobes a little longer than 
central lobe ; antennae five-jointed ; rostrum passing the anterior 
coxte ; scutellum short, its apex broad ; membrane large, veins 
somewhat anastomosed ; abdomen unarmed at base ; femora more 
or less distinctly spined near apices. 

442. Aspongopus janus, Fabr. (Cimex) Sijst. Ent. p. 714 (1775) ; Lccjk 

Ess. Hem. p. 58 (1832). 

Cimex afer, Dm. HI. iii, p. 66, t. 46, f. 7 (1782). 
Cimex surinamensis, Ginel. ed. Syst. IS'at. i (4) p. 2134 (1788). 
Aspongopus vicinus, Westiv. in Hope Cat. i, p. 25 (1837). 



-282 



PENTATOillD.i;. 



Ocliraceous or sauguiueous ; head, anteuua\ subauterior trans- 
verse fascia (sometimes centrally broken) to pronotum, a little 
more than basal half of scutellum, and membrane, black : body 




Fig. 179. — Aspougo2)usjan us. 

beneath and legs black or greenish black, lateral margins of ster- 
num and abdomen ochraceous or sanguineous ; antennino with the 
third joint a little longer than first, shorter than remaining joints. 

Length 10 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles iO to 
11 millim. 

Hah. Hard war (Lid. 2Ius.) ; Khtisi Hills (Chennell); Calcutta 
(Ind. 3Ius.) ; Bombay (Leith) ; Khandala {Dixon). Madras ; Ti'i- 
vandrum ; Bangalore. Ceylon {Green ^- Lewis). Burma ; Minhla 
{Comotto). 

443. Aspongopus OChrens, Westtc. in Hope Cut. \, p. 25 (1837). 

Body above and beneath, with the legs, ochraceous ; antennge 
fuscous, basal and apical joints and apex of fourth joint ochra- 
ceous ; antennae with the second and third joints about subequal 
in length, fourth slightly longer than fifth. 

Length 17 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 
11 millim. 

Hcd). Bengal {Oxford Mus.). Khasi Hills {Chennell). 

444. Aspongopus brunneus, T/nmb. (Cimex) jyoi\ Ins. S/h ii, p. 45 

(1783) ; Hist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 52 (1879). 

Brownish-ochraceous, body beneath and legs more or less in- 
f uscated ; antennae fuscous, apical joint luteous, sometimes with 
its apex narrowly black ; abdomen above red ; third joint of the 
antennae a little longer than the second, shorter than the fourth 
or fifth joints. 

Length 17 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 
11 millnn. 

Hab. Bengal ; Ranchi {Irvine), Calcutta {Lnd. Mus.). Assam ; 



ASPOXGOPUS. 283 

jVaga and Khtisi Hills {ChenneU), 3Iargherita (Doherty). Bombay 
(Leith). Burma ; Minhla (Comotto). — Also found in several islands 
of the Malay Archipelago. 

445. Aspongopus ohscurus, Fabr. (Cimex) E7it. Syst. iv, p. 107 (1794) ; 
StSl, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 38 (1868) ; Dkt. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, 
p. b-2 (1879). 

Closely allied to the preceding species {A. brunneus), and diffei'ing 
by having the abdomen above black, not red, and the second and 
third joints of the antennae subequal in length, not third joint 
longer than second. 

Length 17 to 20; breadth between prouotal angles 10 to 
11 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Sibsagar (Coll. Dist.). Bombay {Leith). Calcutta 
and Bangalore {Ind. Mus.). 



446. Aspongopus nepalensis, Westu: in Hope Cat. i, p. 26 (1837). 

Dark brownish-ochraceous or pale castaneous ; extreme lateral 
margins of the pronotum black ; antennae black, apical joint luteous, 
narrowly black at base : body beneath and legs more or less 
cupreous ; second and third joints of the antennae subeqnal in 
length ; abdomen above red. 

Larger than the two preceding species, and differing from both 
in the combination of the colour of the upper surface of the 
abdomen, and the relative lengths of the second and third antennal 
joints. 

Length 20 to 2b ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 
13 millim. 

Hah. Nepal (Oxford Mus.) ; Sikhim ; Assam ; Khiisi and Naga 
YixXls (Chennell). Burma; Bhamo (-f<3rt). Teuasserim ; Malewoou 
{Fea). 

According to Capt. Gorman, I. M.S., this species is found under 
stones in the dry river-beds of Assam. The animals are much 
sought after by the natives, who use them for food, pounded up 
and mixed with rice. Specimens were submitted to the British 
Museum for identiflcation. 

447. Aspongopus singhalanns, Dist. A. M. X. H. (7) vi, p. 222 

(1900). 

Bronzy-brown ; antennae, eyes, rostrum, and legs piceous ; 
apical joint of antennae, base of rostrum, and the tarsi ochraceous ; 
antennae thick, the second, third, and fourth joints deeply sulcate, 
second and third joints subequal in length or third a little longer 
than second, fourth and fifth joints subequal, fifth joint narrowest 
and cylindrical : body above finel v rugulose and punctate ; abdomen 
above reddish ; rostrum reaching about halfway between the 
anterior and intermediate coxae. 



284 PBNTATOMID.E. 

Length 18 ; breadth between prouotal angles 10 millim. 
Hah. Ceylon {Green Sf Leiuis). 

Allied to A. hrunneus and A. obscurus, from both of which it 
differs by the thick and deeply sulcate antennae. 

44S. Aspongopus nigriveutris, Westio. in Hope Cat. i, p. 26 
(1837). 

Above and beneath and legs brassy-black with a cupreous tinge ; 
very finely punctured ; pronotum and scutellum finelj" transversely 
rugulose ; apical joint of the antennae ochraceous, second and 
third joints subequal in length, shorter than fourth and fifth ; 
posterior tibios slightly dilated about middle, a 

Length 19 to 21 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 
11 millim. 

Hah. Bombay ; Bor Ghat (DLvon). Malabar (Coll Dist.). 

Sago-Palm Bug. Usually hidden from view on the profusely 
branched pendulous spadices of the Sago-Palm {Caryota ttrens, 
Linn.). Greedily sucks the saccharine juices from the flowers, 
and when in a comatose state is frequently attacked and caiTied 
away bodily by the smaller ants, which devour the antennae, pro- 
boscis, aud even the feet. This remarkable bug is the principal 
agent through the aid of which the stigma in the Palm (C. urens) 
is pollinated. Common in the Bor Ghat in April and May {R. M. 
Dixon), 

449. Aspongopus sanguinolentus, Westiv. in Hope Cat. i, p. 26 

(1837). 
Aspongopus circumcinctus, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 488 (1868). 

Closely allied to A. nigrive7itris, but smaller, and with a broad 
lateral abdominal and a narrow lateral sternal i-eddish-ochraceous 
margin ; corium sometimes tinged with purplish ; connexivum 
ochraceous ; exti-eme lateral margins of abdomen dull dark ochra- 
ceous ; antennae black, second and third joints almost subequal 
in length or second a little longer than third, fourth and fifth 
joints longest, fourth distinctly thickened and furrowed ; posterior 
tibiae not dilated. 

Length 15 to 16; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to 9^ millim. 

Hab. Assam; Shillong {Coll. Dist.). Burma; Karennee (i^<?a). 
— Originally described from Java. 

450. Aspongopus fuscus, Westw. in Hope Cat. \, p. 26 (1837). 
Aspongopus marginalis, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 350 (1851). 

Allied to^. sangxdnolentus, but a little larger and more elongate, 
the ochraceous connexivum and lateral margins beneath with ob- 
scure dark spots at the incisures ; antennae black, with the apical 
joint ochraceous, very narrowly fuscous or black at base and apex, 
third joint distinctly longer "than the second ; abdomen above 
red. 



MEGYMENUM. 285 

Length 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9^ to 10 millim. 
Hah. Niiga Hills (Chennell). Bombay {Goll. "Dist.). Teuas- 
serim ; Meetan {Fea). — Originally described from Java. 

451. Aspongopus assamensis, sp. u. 

Closely allied to ^. sanguinolenttis, Westw., and A. fascus,'West\v. 
With the first it agrees in having the autennte wholly black, not with 
the apical joint ochraceoas as iu A. fuscus; from both these species 
it differs by having the body above and legs laterally piceous, the 
body not margined with reddish or ochraceous ; the upper surface 
of the abdomen is dull reddish with the connexivum black ; the 
posterior tibiae are very slightly dilated ; second and third joints 
of antenufe subequal in length, fourth and fifth joints subequal, 
the fourth thickened and furrowed, the fifth cylindrical. 

Length 15 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hab. Assam ; Khasi and Naga Hills (Chennell), Margherita 
{Lid. 3Ius.). 

452. Aspongopus cMnensis, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 349 (18ol). 

Bronzy purplish-black ; connexivum black, with transverse 
narro\\' dull reddish spots at the middle of the segments ; antennae 
pilose, black, apical joint ochraceous, its base black, second joint 
much longer than the third, fourth joint distinctly furrowed ; body 
above very thickly, finely, and obscurely punctate ; posterior tibiae 
slightly dilated near base : body beneath more distinctly punctate 
than above. 

Length 19 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9k to 10 millim. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Mungphu {Atlinson Coll., Brit. Mus.). Ivhasi 
Hills (Chennell). — The type was described from China. 



Genus MEGYMENUM. 

Megymemmi, Laporte, Ess. Hem. p. 52 (1832) ; 8taJ., Of v. Vet.-Ak. 

Fork. 1867, p. 522. 
Pseudaradiis, Burm. in Silberm. Rev. Ent. ii, p. 10 (1831). 
Amam'us, Burm. Nov. Act. Ac. Leop. xvi, Suppl. p. 294 (1834). 
Platydius, Westic. Zool. Journ. v, p. 440 (1835). 
Subg-. Anoplocephala (md Pissistes, Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 88 (1870). 

Type, M. clentatum, Boisd., from New Guinea. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion and Australasia. 

Head large, the lateral lobes much longer than the central lobe and 
meeting beyond it, the margins tumid at the eyes and unarmed, 
or toothed or spined before the eyes; antenna3 four-johited, second 
and third joints much compressed; mesosteruum deeply furrowed; 
prouotum centrally tuberculous or only tumescent ; latei*al margins 
of the abdominal segments produced posteriorly into a lobe or 
tooth, between which is a much smaller lobule or tooth. 



286 



PENTATOMIDJi, 



A. Head %vWi the morr/ins Uimescent or anf/nlated, but not spined' 
before the eyes. 

453. Megymenum inerme, Hcrr.-SchUff. (Amaurus) Wan::. Ins. V, p. 62,. 

pi. 163, if. G, H (1839) ; Dall. List Hem. i, p. 364 (1851). 

Ovate, somewhat elongate ; cupreous or brassy-black ; anteunre 
very short, much compressed, the second and third joints broadly 
dilated ; head with the lateral margins tumid but not spined in 
front of eyes ; pronotum distinctly and prominently centrally 
tumescent on anterior area, the lateral margins obliquely angularly 
sinuate, the anterior angles obtuse ; membrane pale ochraceous, 
infuscated beyond middle ; abdominal margins somewhat finely 
tuberculate at the incisures. 

Length 14 to 15 ; greatest breadth 7 millim. 

Hab. Bengal. Assam ; Margherita {Dohertij). 

454. Megymenum brevicorne, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. Ins. ii, p. 294 

(1787) ; Sted, Hem. Fahr. i, p. 38 (1868). 

Differs from M. inerme in being a little broader and less elongate ; 
anterior tumescence to pronotum a little more tuberculous ; lateral 
margins more concave anteriorly, more prominently angulated at 
centre ; lateral margins of abdomen a little more prominently 
and broadly tuberculate at the incisures. 

Length 1.3 to 14 ; greatest breadth 7 to 8 millim. 

Hab. Khtisi Hills (ChenneU). Calcutta (Ind. 3h(s.). Burma; 
Eangoon (Fea). Nicobar Islands {Coll. Dist.). — Also reported from 
China. 



455. Megymenum parallelum, VoU. Faun. Ind. Kecrl. ill, p. 48, pi. iv, 
f. 10 (1868) ; StSl, En. Hem. \, p. 232 (1870). 

Cupreous or brassy black ; membrane pale ochraceous, more or 

less infuscated; head with 
the lateral margins tumid 
or slightly angulated, but 
not spinous before the 
eyes ; pronotum with the 
anterior angles somewhat 
longly spinous, the an- 
terior lateral margins 
deeply coucavely sinuate, 
strongly produced from 
before middle to base, 
Avith the outer margin 
crenulate and irregularly 
sinuate ; abdominal mar- 
gins obtusely but prominently tuberculated at incisures and with 
a much smaller tubercle at centre of each segment ; antennse 
blackish, apical joint ochraceous Avith its base black. 




Fig. 180. — Megymenum faruUclum. 



BTESODEPSUS. 287 

Length 15 to 18 ; greatest breadth 9 to 10 milliui. 
Hah. Sikhiin. Assam; Margherita (/«<:?. il/^fs.). Andaman Islds. ; 
Port Blair {Meldola). — Also received from Java and Sumatra. 

456. Megymeniim severini, Bergv. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belq. xxxvi, p. 504 

(1892). 

The principal characters relied on by Bergroth appear to be the 
unarmed head in front of eyes, the second joint of the antennae 
compressed but not ampliated ; prouotum with a large tubercle 
on the anterior area ; but specially the lateral margins of the 
abdomen, which are very broadly dilately lobate at the posterior 
area of each segment, and are without the intermediate small 
tubercle of M. parallelum. 

Length 14 to 16 ; greatest breadth 9 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.). Kurseong {vide Bergroth). 



B. Head ivith the manjins distincth/ spined hefore the eyes. 

457. Megymeiium subpiirpurascens, West^v. (Platydius) Zool. Joum. 
X, p. 446, pi. 22, f. 8 (1834) ; Stdl, En. Hem. i, p. 87 (1870). 
Megymenum cupreum, Guer. Voy. Coquille, Zool., Ins. ii, pt. 2, p. 172 
(1838) ; Herr.-Schaff. (Amaurus) Wanz. Ins. v, p. 61, f. 503 (1839). 
Megymenum meratii, Le Gillou, Rev. Zool. p. 261 (1841). 

Cupreous or brassy black ; membrane ochraceous, posteriorly 
infuscated ; bead with the lateral margins prominently spined in 
front of eyes; antennae with the second and,third joints compressed 
and furrowed ; pronotum with the anterior angles spinous, the 
anterior lateral mai-gins concave, truucately produced from before 
middle to base, its outer margin finely and obscurely crenulate and 
the anterior and posterior angles moderately prominent; abdominal 
margins moderately tuberculate at the incisures, and obsoletely 
tuberculate between them. 

Length 13| to 15 ; greatest breadth 8 to 9 millim. 

Hah. '!^jVaet {vide Atkinson). Burma; Bhamo, Kareunee, Palon 
{Fea). — A common Malayan species. 

Genus BYRSODEPSUS. 

Byrsodepsus, StSJ, En. Hem. ii, p. 130 (1872). 

Type, B. coriarius, Stal. 

Bistrihution. India, Burma, Sumatra. 

Body narrowly oval or subelongate, above moderately, beneath 
strongly convex ; head not much more than half the length of 
pronotum, on each side sinuated, before the eyes moderately 
rounded, lateral lobes much louger than the central lobe, their 
apices separate and obliquely subtruncate ; prouotum transversely 
impressed near centre, lateral margins straight and anteriorly 
obtusely crenulate; scutellum much shorter than pronotum; mem- 
brane with three or four basal areolas or cells; mesosternum 



288 



PENTATOMIDyE. 



profoundly sulcated ; metasternum lai'ge, sexangular, equally 
■broad and long, base and apex obtusely sinuate ; abdominal margin 
obsoletely erosed, the segmental angles slightly prominent; femora 
strongly spined near apices ; antennse four-jointed. 

458. Byrsodepsus coriarius, StSl, En. Hem. \i, p. 131 (1872). 

Pitchy-black ; above with lateral areas of sternum and abdomen 
thickly and distinctly punctate ; pronotum transversely rugulose ; 
scutellum posteriorly longitudinally rugose ; I'ostriim, disk of 
abdomen, some obsolete scattered spots to pronotum and apex of 
scutellum, a small distinct spot at base of scutellum, and some 
spots on lateral abdominal area paler {ixdJescentihus, Stfil) ; ster- 
num and abdomen at lateral area more or less griseous ; second 
joint of the antennae a little longer than the head, basal joint not 
quite reaching apex of head. 

Length 19 ; greatest breadth 9 millim. 

Hah. Sylliet {Leyden and Vienna Mus.). 

459. Byrsodepsus nigritus, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 112. 

Piceous ; rostrum and apical joint of antennae (excluding base) 
brownish-ochraceous ; antennae with the second joint longest, 

third joint prominently 
dilated and slightly shorter 
than fourth joint ; head 
coarsely and rugosely punc- 
tate, the lateral lobes long 
and well separated internally ; 
pronotum rugosely punctate, 
a broad transverse impression 
on anterior area, which be- 
comes foveate at lateral 
margins, the latter are ob- 
scurely crenulate ; posterior 
margin a little concave in 
front of scutellum : scutellum 
transversely rugose ; corium thickly and finely punctate ; femora 
robust, armed on each side with a strong spine near apex. 

Length 12; breadth between pronotal angles 5j millim. 

Hub. Burma ; Palon (Fea). 




Fig. 181. — Byrsodepsus nigritus. 



Genus ATELIDES. 

Atelides, Dcdl. A. M. N. H. (2) x, p. 3(50 (18.52). 
? Sagrina, Sjjin. Gen. d'lns. Arfr. p. 1 17 (18.j2). 

Type, A. centroUneaius, Dall. 

Distribtition. India. 

Body somewhat ovate, broadest behind the middle ; head some- 
what foliaceous, the lateral lobes much longer than the central lobe, 
flieir margins reflexed and their apices sepai'ated, a strong spine 



ATELIDES. 



289 



in front of the eyes ; autenuse four-jointed, basal joint not extending 
beyond the apex of the head, second and third joints prismatic ; 
rostrum reaching tlie intermediate coxa) ; pronotum subquadrate, 
narrower anteriorly than posteriorly, lateral angles subprominent; 
scutellum short and broad, the apex broad and rounded ; corium 
very short, apical margins rounded ; membrane not reaching apex 
of abdomen ; uiesosternum centrally sulcated ; abdomen semi- 
circular, slightly convex above and much more so beneath, with 
the apex somewhat truncated ; legs stout, femora unarmed. 

460. Atelides centrolineatus, Ball. A.M. N. H. (2) x, p. 360 (185:3). 
? Sagriva vittata, Spin. Gen. cVIm. Artr. p. 117 (1852). 

Above brassy-black ; central lobe and inner margins of lateral 
lobes to head, eyes, lateral margins and a central fascia to pro- 
notum, central fascia to scutellum, lateral margins and discal veins 
to corium, central fascia to abdomen above, and large spots to 
connexivum, ochraceous : body beneath and legs pale castaneous ; 




Fig. 182. — Atclidcii ceiitnilineatti,f. 

the extreme lateral margins, a broad sublateral fascia, margins of 
incisures, stigmata, and some waved linear fasciae on lateral areas, 
black ; antennae black, first joint fulvous at base, apical joint 
fulvous. 

Length 16 to 20 millim. 

Jlah. Sylhet {Brit. Mus.). Assam {Lid. 2Ius.). 



Subfamily IX. PHYLLOCEPHALINiE. 

Pliyllocephalidas (part.), Dall. List Hem. i, p. 350 (1851). 
Phvllocephalida, ^S'^'f?^, Hem. Afr. i, pp. .32 & 234 (1864). 
PhVllocephalina, *S'i!a/, 'Ofv. Vet.-Ak. For/i. 1870, p. 615; id. i:n. 
mm. \, p. 117 (1876). 

Rostrum short, not or only just passing * the anterior coxae ; basal 
joint of antennae not reaching apex of head, except in the genus 



'^ In Crcssona the rostrum just passes the anterioi' cox:e, 
VOL. 1. Xj 



290 pentatomidjE. 

Cressona ; head usually broad and foliaceous, or elougate and 
triangular, with the lateral lobes much longer than the central 
lobe. 

A small subfamily, well represented in the Ethiopian and 
Oriental Eegions, apparently unrepresented in the Nearctic and 
Neotropical Eegions, occurring in the extreme Eastern area of the 
Palsearctic Eegion, and represented in Australasia. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

I. Head small, narrowed anteriorly, lateral 

lobes not much longer than central lobe : 
first joint of autennne passing apex of 
head. 

a. Lateral angles of pronotum directed 

forward in long processes Cressona, p. 291. 

II. Head large, long or broad, lateral lobes 

much longer than the central lobe ; first 
joint of antennae not reaching apex of 
head. 
A. Posterior margin of pronotum not 
broader than base of scutellum. 
a. Anterior angles of pronotum not 
produced. 

b. Lateral angles of pronotum not, or 

only slightly, produced, 
ai. Head about as broad as long ; 

scutellum and corium without 

pale margins or submargins .. Dalsira, p. 291. 
h^. Head longer than broad ; 

scutellum and corium with pale 

margins or submargins ScHizops, p. 293. 

c. Lateral angles of pronotum angularly 

produced. 
«-. Scutellum of medium size, 

distinctly narrowed posteriorly. Mercatus, p. 294. 
b-. Scutellum elongate, gradually 
(not suddenly) narrowed. 
d^. Head narrowed, not acu- 
minate anteriorly SALviANrs, p. 294. 

Z<3. Head triangular, acuminate. Gonopsis, p. 295. 
c'. Head as long as pronotum or 
longer. 
or. Head as long as pronotum, 

lateral lobes widely separated. Uiplorhikus, p. 297. 
b". Head longer than pronotum, 

lateral lobes contiguous .... Eandolotus, p. 298. 
b. Anterior angles of pronotum lami- 
natelj" produced. 
a^. Lateral margins of head straight 

in front of eyes Tetroda, p. 298. 

b^. Lateral margins of head incised 

and ampliated in front of eyes. Gellia, p. 301. 
J3. Posterior margin of pronotum broader 

than base of scutellum Megarhynchus, p. 301. 



DALSIRA. 



291 



Genus CRESSONA. 

Cressona, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 3o8 (1851) 
p. 234 (1864). 



Stdl, Hem. Afr. 



Type, G. valida, Dall. 

Distribution. India, Bui'ma, Siain. 

Body oblong, ovate ; head small, gradually narrowed anteriorly, 
lateral lobes longer than central lobe, but not meeting in front ot" 
it, antenniferous tubercles prominent at the sides oi: the bead ; 
antennae five-jointed, basal joint passing the apex o£ head ; rostrum 
just passing the anterior cox?e ; pronotum with the lateral angles 
produced into long straight horns projecting forward beyond 
the apex of the head and somewhat compressed towards their 
apices, which are notched, their anterior lateral margins strongly 
dentate, the dentation strongly continued along the under surface 
of the lateral angles ; membrane with longitudinal veins. 

461. Cressona valida, Dall. List Hem. i, p. 358, pi. xi, f. 3 (1851). 

Body above and beneath ochraceous, coarsely punctate on the 

pronotum and scutellum, 
more finely so on the 
corium ; pronotum with 
two central longitudinal 
series of piceous punctures 
and with the scutellum 
and corium sometimes 
containing some scattered 
black points ; membrane 
pale ochraceous, with some 
minute black speckles; 
pro- and mesosterna crossed 
by a narrow black fascia 
on each side near coxae; 
abdomen with numerous 
black speckles ; femora 
speckled with brownish. 





Fig. 183. — Cressona valida. 

Length 23 to 25 millim. 
Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Atkinson). 
{Feci). 



Burma ; Bhamo, Ivarennee 



Genus DALSIRA. 

Dalsira, Amy. 8^- Serv. Hem. p. 175 (1843) ; Stdl, En, Hem. \, p. 118 

(1876). 
Phyllocephala (part.), Dall. List Hem. i, p. 352 (1851). 

Type, D. affinis, Amy. & Serv., an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Body broadly elongate ; head about as broad as long ; antennae 
five-jointed, basal joint not reaching the apex of head ; rostrum 
reaching the anterior coxaj : pronotum with the lateral angles 

u2 



292 



PENTATOMID^. 



prominent and very broadly rounded, the lateral margins obscurely 
dentate or crenulate ; scutellum extending a little beyond the 
middle of the abdomen ; membrane with longitudinal veins ; 
mesosternum with a central ridge. 

4(!2. Dalsira glandulosa, Wolf (Edessa), Ic. v, p. 176, pi. xvii, f. 170 
(I81I); Burm. (Aelia) Mandb. ii, p. 357 (1835) ; Dall. (Phyllo- 
cephala) List Hem. i, p. 353 (1851) ; Stdl, En. Hem. \, p. 119 

(1876). 

Dull dark ochraceous, with some small scattered black freckles 
on head, pronotum, and scutellum ; antennae and eyes black, basal 
joint and bases of second, third, and fourth joints brownisli ; 
scutellum with a large, elongate, shining, greenish-black spot at 





Fig. 184. — Dalsira glandulosa. 

each basal angle ; body beneath and legs a little darker than 
above. 

Length 23 to 28 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13 to 15 
millim. 

Ifah. Bengal. Assam ; Khasi and Xaga Hills (Chennell). 
Burma ; Bbamo (Feu).— Also received from Hainan Island and 
China. 

463. Dalsira scabrata, Bid. Tr.E. S. 1891, p. 113. 

Very dark castaneous ; connexivum and abdomen beneath 
testaceous ; antenna; fuscous, fourth and fifth joints pale luteous, 
rather more than apical half of fifth joint fuscous ; membrane 
brownish-ochraceous ; head very coarsely punctate, somewhat 
tessellate on basal half ; second joint of antennae a little shorter 
than third, third and fourth subequal, fifth longest; pronotum 
very coarsely rugose, with a distinct transverse ridge between the 
lateral angles, beyond which it is deflected anteriorly and distinctly 
transversely foveate, the lateral margins strongly and coarsely 
dentate, the lateral angles a little prominent, broadly rounded 
and coarsely dentate ; scutellum transversely rugose ; corium very 



SCHIZOPS. 



29^ 



finely punctate and slightly wrinkled ; rostrum dull ochraceous 
and reaching the anterior coxae. 

Length 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 to 11 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karennee {Fea). 



Genus SCHIZOPS. 

Schizops, Spinola (Scbyzops), Essai, p. 
Mem. p. 176 (1843). 



297 (1837) ; Ami/. ^- Serv, 



Type, S. cegyptiaca., Lefebvre, a Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Palgearctic, Ethiopiau, and Oriental Regions. 

This genus is closely allied to Dalsira. Head triangular, lateral 
lobes much longer than central lobe, meeting beyond it, but a little 
divided at their apices ; antennae five-jomted, basal joint not 
reaching the apex of the head. h<cliizops differs principally from 
DaUira in having the basal angular streak to the scutellum 
continued throughout its length to apex ; the lateral margins of 
the corium are similar to those of the scutellum. 

Only three species are known : one Palcearctic, extending as far 
as Aden at least ; one fi'om East Africa ; and the third belonging- 
exclusively to this fauna. 

464. ScMzops insignis, Walk. (Schismatops) Cat. Het. iii, p. 495 
(1868) ; St&l, En. Hem. \, p. 120 (1876). 

*' Tawny, very thickly and minutely punctured, slightly clouded 
with blackish beneath ; head a little longer than its breadth : 
lateral lobes lanceolate, contiguous except at their tips ; eyes 

livid, not prominent ; 
rostrum extending to the 
fore coxae ; antennae black, 
second joint a little longer 
than the third ; pronotum 
between the hind angles 
with a transverse ridge 
and an anterior slight 
metallic-green transverse 
furrow, the latter abbre- 
viated at each end ; space 
between the ridge and 
the hind border mostly 
piceous ; hind angles 
acute, prominent ; scu- 
tellum piceous, rounded 
at tip, with two testaceous stripes which are bordered with bright 
green on the outer side near the base : legs tawny ; fore wings 
{corium) piceous, costa testaceous ; membrane cinereous with 
many black points." ( Wall-er.) 
Length 17 to 18 millim. 
Hah. Burma (Treac;/, Brit. Mus.); Rangoon {Stockholm Mus.). 




Fig. 185. — Schizopi insigni 



294 



PENTATOMID.5:. 



Genus MERCATUS, nov. 

Type, M. illaminatus, Dist. 

Dtstributioi. North India. 

Head moderately narrowed anteriorly, lateral lobes longer than 
central lobe and united in front of it, margins slightly retlexed ; 
antennae with the basal joint not reaching the apex of head, second 
longer than third, remaining joints mutilated in type ; rostrum 
reaching the anterior coxae ; pronotum broad, the lateral margins 
straightly oblique and sei'rate, the lateral angles somewhat strongly 
and angulately produced ; scutellum moderately broad, narrowed, 
beyond middle ; corium with the lateral margins obscurely palely 
crenulate ; mesosternnm carinate. 

Allied to Basicryptus, Herr.-Sch., from which it differs by the 
narrower head, which is slightly longer than broad, and by the 
more obscure crenulate or wrinkled margiu of the corium. 



465. Mercatus illuminatus, Dist. (Basicryptus) Tr. E. S. 1887, 
p. 358. 

Body above dull dark reddish ; pronotum with a broad discal 
transverse luteous fascia margined with black, attenuated at each 

end, and slightly notched beneath 
at ceutre ; head with the eyes 
dull ocbraceous ; antennae with 
the Hrst, second, and third joints 
reddish, remainder mutilated in 
type ; scutellum with a small 
luteous spot in each basal angle, 
\\'ith a few very small luteous 
spots at apex, and with some 
central and lateral black punc- 
tures ; corium with the base 
of the lateral margin narrowly 
luteous and witli some small and 
scattered black spots ; membrane pale hyaline, with small fuscous 
spots: body beneath and legs dull reddish with blackish punctures; 
disk of sternum and some sublateral streaks to abdomen obscure 
luteous : tarsi somewhat ochraceous beneath. 

Length 14 ; breadth between prouotal angles 10 millim. 
Hob. North India (Co?Z. Dist.). 




Fig. 186. — Mercatus llluiiibiatus. 



Genus SAL VI ANUS, nov. 

Type, /S. lunatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Assam : Burma. 

Allied to the preceding genus (Mercatus), but differing by the 
structure of the scutellum, which is long, slender, and gradually, 
only slightly, narrowed posteriorly. In this last character Salvianns 
agrees with Gonopsis, but is distinguished from that genus by the 



GONOPSIS. 



295 




Ficf. 187. — Scdrianus lunatus 



shape of the head, which is not triangular and pointed, but 
resembles that of Mercatm. The lateral angles of the pronotum 
are strongly produced and more or less anteriorly directed. 

466. Salvianiis lunatus, Dist. (Gonopsis) Tr. B. S. 1901, p. 113. 

Sanguineous ; antennae luteous, sometimes tinged with san- 
guineous, apical joint black, with its base luteous ; ocelli luteous; 

pronotum with a transverse 
fascia between the lateral 
angles bright luteous (in some 
specimens this fascia is absent) 
and with two transverse dull 
ochraceous patches on ante- 
rior area ; scutellum with the 
lateral and apical areas more 
or less ochraceous ; membrane 
pale hyaline : body beneath and 
legs sanguineous ; pronotum 
with the posterior area rugu- 
lose and with a distinct traus- 
vei'se ridge between the lateral 
angles ; scutellum transversely rugose ; corium thickly and finely 
punctate ; antennae with the second and third joints short and sub- 
equal in length, fourth and fifth joints longer and subequal in length. 
Length 15 to 18; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 
13 millim. 

Hab. Assam ; Margherita {Doherty). Burma ; Kai'enuee (Fea). 

467. Salvianus dilatatus, Dist. (Maciiua) A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 52 

(1879) ; Wuterh. (Macrinaj Aid LJent. Im. t. G (1880).' 

Reddish - ochraceous ; head and anterior area of pronotum 
paler in hue ; a transverse, slightly-curved luteous fascia between 
the lateral pronotal angles, which are a little directed for\^ard and 
have their apices black ; scutellum with live indistinct, somewhat 
catenulate elevated ridges which are sprinkled with luteous, the 
central ridge usually the most indistinct ; membrane pale fuscous : 
body beueath and legs concolorous, thickly and finely punctured 
with brown. At once separated from S. liuiatus by the very much 
less forwardly produced pronotal angles. 

Length 16 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 
12 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills {Chennell) ; Naga Hills {Dohertij). 



Genus GONOPSIS. 

Gonopsis, Amy. S)- Serv. Hem. p. 180 (184:.3) ; Stdl, En. Hem. v, 

p. 118 (1870). 
Bessida, Walk. Cut. Het. iii, p. o77 (1808). 

Type, G. denticulata, Amy. & Serv., an African species. 



296 



pejS'taxomid.t:. 




Fig. 188. — Gonop»i 



s coccinea. 



Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions and Japan. 

Allied to Salviamis, bnt differing by the shape of the head, which 
is triangular and acuminate at apex ; the body is also narrower 
and more elongate than in the two preceding genera. 

468. Gonopsis coccinea, Walk. (Macrina) Qif. Het. in, p. 497 (1868) ;. 

Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 224 (1900). 
Bessida scutellaris, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 578 (1868). 

Dull pale sanguineous ; apical joint of the antennae black, 

its base red ; head and anterior area of the prouotum blackly 

punctate, posterior pronotal area 
rugulose, the lateral angles angu- 
larly produced somewhat forward 
and upward, a distinct transverse 
ridge between these angles, and 
the lateral margins distinctly 
serrate ; scutellum sometimes 
marked as in Salvianus dilatatus 
and sometimes concolorous : body 
beneath a little paler than above ; 
stei^num thickly blackly punctate : 
abdomen with live longitudinal 
discal and lateral marginal series 

of black punctures, sometimes obsolete, and the stigmata black; 

legs pale sanguineous. 

Length 14 to IS ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to 

10 millim. 

Hah. ISikhim. Khasi Hills (ChenneU). Burma ; Bhamo, 

Karennee, Palon (Feu). Tenasserim ; Myitta (Dolierty). — Alsa 

found in the Malay Peninsula. 

469. Gonopsis rubescens, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 359 

Allied in colour and general characters to G. coccinea, but 
differing by the pronotal angles, \\hich are less produced and 
straight, not upward and forward as in Walker's species ; the 
transverse ridge between the pronotal angles is also straighter 
and more distinct. 

Length 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Bab. Sikhim (Coll. Dist.). 

470. Gonopsis diversa. Walk. (Megarhynchus) Cat. Het. iii, p. 498 

(1868). 

Dark reddish-ochraceous ; scutellum ochraceous, sometimes the 
head and pronotum also ochraceous ; head and anterior area 
of pronotum blackly punctate, the posterior pronotal area usually 
but not always less distinctly punctate, a straight well-pronounced 
ridge between pi-onotal lateral angles, which are only slightly 
broadly angularly produced ; apical joint of antennse, excluding 
base, fuscous or black : scutellum with five more or less distinct 



DIPLORHI^'L'S. 



297 



longitudinal cateuulate ridges ; coriiun more thickly and finely 
punctate : body beneath punctured as in the preceding species. 
The principal character in this species is to be found in the short, 
obtuse, pronotal angles. 

Length 12 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 
8 millim. 

Hah. Bombay {Coll. Dist.) ; Bor Ghat (Diu-on). 

471. Gonopsis pallescens, sp. u. 

Above and beneath with legs luteous. Closely allied to the 
preceding species (G. cUversa), but apart from the different colour 
may be distinguished by the more acutely pointed pronotal angles, 
the posterior pronotal area distinctly rugulose, apical joint of the 
antennte concolorous, not fuscous, &c. 

Length 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hah. Mysore {Coll. Dist.). 



Genus DIPLORHINUS. 

Diplorbious, Amy. S,- Serv. Hem. p. 178 (1843) ; Stal, En. Hem. y, 
p. 118 (1876). 

Type, D. furcatns, Westw., a Malayan species. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion. 

Obovate; head about as long as pronotum, with the lateral lobes 
prolonged, widely separated, their apices acuminate ; antenna^ 
five-jointed, third joint passing apex of head ; pronotum pos- 
teriorly rugose, lateral angles somewhat strongly and acuminately 
produced, lateral margins serrate ; corium with the apical margins 
rounded; membrane not ([uite reaching the apex of abdomen; 
rostrum reaching the anterior coxse ; mesosternum centrally 
carinate; abdomen beneath with very obscure indications of a 
central furrow. 



4/2. Diplorhinus c[uadricornis, Stal, Eu 



Hem. V, p. 122 (1876). 
Diplorhinus furcatus, Dal/, 
{nee Westw.) List Hem. 
1, p. 359 (1851). 

Head and pronotum 
brownish -ochraceous, scu- 
tellum and corium paler 
ochraceous ; veins of mem- 
brane dark brown : body 
beneath and legs pale 
brownish-ochraceous, stig- 
mata black ; head distinctly 
punctate, extreme margins 

^. ,„„ T.- 7 7- ^ V, ,,„ darker; posterior area of 

Fig. 18U. — Dvplorltinus qitadncuriu^. ■ ^ , 

^ ^ pronotum rugulose, apices 

of lateral angles dark castaneous ; scutellum finely punctate, with 




298 



PENTATOMID.i;. 



a central pale levigate line ; corinm thinly and finely punctate ; 
antennae redclisb-ochraceoiis. 

Length 20 to 22; breadth between pronotal angles 11^ to 
12^ millim. 

Hah. Assam {AtJcinson Coll.). Burma; Rangoon (i^^'a). 



Genus RANDOLOTUS. nov. 

Type, -R. elonc/atus, Dist. 

Distribution. N.W. India. 

Body very elongate ; head longer than the pronotum, central 
lobe small, latei'al lobes very long, contiguous and obtusely 
acuminate anteriorly ; antennae short, and apparently five-jointed 
and not reaching apex of head, but mutilatud in type-specimen ; 
rostrum reaching the anterior coxae ; pronotum with the anterior 
and posterior margins concave, the anterior angles slightly acute, 
the lateral margins obliquely rounded, posterior angles rouuded, 
not produced, disk without any transverse ridge ; scutellum long, 
slender, margins almost straight ; corium with the posterior 
angles somewhat acutely produced ; membrane with longitudinal 
veins and scarcely reaching apex of abdomen ; mesosternum 
centrally carinate ; abdomen beneath convex and faintly centrally 
fvirrowed to the fifth segment. 

Allied to the Ethiopian genus DicJielorhinus, Stal. 

473. Randolotus elongatus, sp. n. 

Uniformly ochraceous ; scutellum with the lateral margins rather 

broad, coarsely and blackly 
punctate for half their length ; 
fourth joint of anteunie black 
(fifth joint mutilated in type); 
head, pronotum, and scu- 
tellum coarsely punctate ; 
coi'ium more finely punctate ; 
anterior area of pronotum 
with t\\o small transverse 
opaque impressions ; head be- 
neath and sternum somewhat 
coarsely punctate ; abdomen 
beneath finely punctate ; stig- 
mata black. 

Length 22 ; breadth between ])ronotal angles 6g millim. 

Hab. jVorth-west India ; Hardwtir (Co?/. Dist.). 

Genus TETRODA. 

Tetroda, Ami/. S,- Serv. Hem. p. 177 (1843) ; StSl, En. Hem. v, p. 118 
(1876). 

Type, T. liisteroides, Fabr. 
Distribution. Oriental Region. 




Fii;;. 190. — Eandolotus elongatus. 



TETRODA. 



299 



Subovate ; head with the lateral lobes long, acuminate, well 
separated, lateral margins nearly straight ; antennas five-jointed, 
basal joint not reaching apex of head ; pronotum with the 
anterior angles laminately produced anteriorly into broad apically 
acute processes, lateral margins obscurely crenulate ; scutellum 
gradually nan-owing posteriorly ; membrane reaching apex of 
abdomen ; connexivum exposed ; rostrum reaching the anterior 
coxae ; meso- and metasterna centrally carinate. 



a. Lateral lohes of head lyoiiited and someivJiat divergent. 

474. Tetroda histeroides, Fabr. (Acanthia) Bnt. Si/st., Suppl. p. 526 

(1798) ; id. (Aelia) Sij><t. Rhyng. p. 189 (1803) ; Amy. Sf Serv. 

Hem. p. 178 (1843). 
Aelia furcata, Fabr. Syst. Rhyng. p. 188 (1803) ; Herr.-Sch. 

(Phyllocephala) Watiz. Im. vii, p. 70, f. 738 (1844). 
Megarhyiichus quadrispinosus, Westtc. in Hope Cat. i, p. 19 (1837). 
Var. sumatrana, Ellenr. Nat. Tiidschr. Nederl. Ind. xxiv, p. 171 

(1862). 
Teiroda bilineata, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 494 (1868). 
Stoll, Pun. f. 197. 

Ochraceous or dark brownish-ochraceous ; scutellum with a 

pale luteous fascia on each 
side; antennie piceous ; mem- 
brane pale greyish, with the 

^ , j\\ ' -'^ Y i veins brownish. 

^^^y-' .~~^--H I 1 I A variable species, some 

specimens being piceous 

above, with only traces of 

the luteous fasciae to the 

scutellum ; the legs piceous 

and the body beneath 

brownish-ochraceous. 

-c^- ini rr . J T , -7 Leugth 15 to 18 millim. 

Fig. rJl. — Idroda histeroides. ir i^ .-,m i ■ 

Hah. Sikhnn, Assam ; 

Naga Hills (Chennell). Burma ; Bhamo, Kareunee (Fea.). — Also 

common throughout the Malay Peninsula. 




475. Tetroda transversalis, Westic (Megarhynclius) in Royles Id. 
Bot. Himal. p^ liv, pi. x, f. 7 (1839); Hall, List Hem. i, p. 356 
(1851). 

Body above and beneath with legs dark fuscous-brown, inclining 
to piceous ; membrane greyish-white, opaque, with the veins 
brownish ; antennae piceous, apex of fifth joint obscurely ochra- 
ceous ; head thickly and somewhat coarsely punctate, lateral lobes 
obtusely pointed and directed outwardly ; pronotum with two 
transverse black areolets on anterior area. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hah. North India {Gaj^t. Boys, Brit. Mas.). 



300 PENTATOMID^. 

476. Tetroda divaricata, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 356 (18ol). 

General form and shape of T. trnnsvermlis, but ochraceous, 
somewhat thickly punctate ; antennae, extreme margins of lateral 
lobes of head, extreme lateral margins of pronotum, and base of 
lateral margin to corium piceous ; membrane greyish, opaque, 
the veins brownish ; body beneath and legs, especially the 
abdomen, darker in hue and moderately but distinctly punctate. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Eah. Nepal {Hardwirle, Brit. 2Ius.). 

b. Lateral lobes of head luitJt, their apical margins broadly 
rounded. 

477. Tetroda atomaria, Dull. List Hem. 1, p. 350 (1851). 

Head ochraceous, thickly and faintly punctured ; lateral lobes 
nearly meeting at the apex, lateral margins straight ; pronotum 
with "the anterior portion ochraceous, obscurely punctate, becoming 
fuscous anteriorly with numerous small elevated ochraceous points ; 
scutellum piceous, punctate, \\ith ochraceous points as on pro- 
notum, these on apical half forming t\\o central lines, an elongate 
levigate luteous spot near each basal angle ; corium more or less 
piceous, with several irregular longitudinal ochraceous lines,, 
darkest on interior area ; membrane greyish-white, opaque : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous, with a sublateral black fascia on 
each side, more or less broken and interrupted ; stigmata pale 
ochraceous ; sternum and femora punctured with brownish ; 
rostrum ochraceous ; antennae pale luteous (apical joint mutilated 
in type). Lateral lob«s of the head with their apical margins 
broadly roimded. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hab. North India (Boi/s, Brit. IIus.). 

478. Tetroda obtusa, TJall. List Hem. i, p. 367 (1851) ; Stal, (Gellia?) 

Bh. Hem. v, p. 124 (1876); Atkins. (Gellia) J.A.S.B. Iviii, 
p. 106 (1889). 

Ochraceous, thickly and finely punctate ; lateral margins of the 
head with a minute black spine apically ochi^aceous on each side in 
front of eyes ; pronotum with an indistinct transverse ridge on 
the posterior area ; scutellum with an elongate black spot at each 
basal angle and with a few scattered black punctures : membrane 
very pale luteous, opaque : body beneath and legs ochraceous, with 
a large transverse impunctate fovea on each side of each segment, 
a few black punctures near each of the stigmata ; sternum rather 
coarsely punctate, with a few scattered black points and an 
oblong .black spot on each side of the metasternum ; antennae and 
rostrum ochraceous, the last with the apex black. Lateral lobes of 
the head broad and rounded anteriorly. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hab. North India {Boys, Brit. Mus.). 



5IEGARHYNCHUS. 



301 



Genus GELLIA. 

Gellia, Stdl, Hem. Afi: i, p. 243 (1864); id. En. Hei 
(1876). 



118 



Type, G. ulbivittis. Germ., an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

Gellia is allied to Tetroda and is to be separated from it by 
the structure of the head, which is much dilated, foliaceous, «ith 
the lateral margins distinctly incised in front of eyes and then 
abruptly rounded to apex ; the lateral lobes are not \\-idely 
separated. 



479. Gellia nigripennis, Ball. (Tetroda) List Hem. i, p. 307 (1851) : 
Stal, En. Hem. v, p. 123 (1876). 

Ochraceous, thickly and finely punctate ; a transverse ridge 

between lateral angles and 
the basal margin of pro- 
notiuu, basal and lateral 
uiargins of scutellum, and 
the membrane black ; basal 
area of pronotum and inner 
;irea of corium fuscous- 
brown : body beneath and 
legs ochraceous, body with 
a sublateral black fascia on 
each side ; apex of the 
rostrum piceous. 

Length 121 to 13 millim. 




Fig. 192. — Gellia nigrijiennis 



Bob. '^o\'th.lnA\si{Boijs, Brit.Mus.). Ivariichi (J^/t-msoji Coll.). 
Bombay {Coll. Dist.). 

/ ^ Genus MEGAEHYNCHUS./ ' 

Megarhyuchus, Zap. Ess. Hem. p. 65 (1832) ; Amij. ^- Serv. Hem. 
p. 179 (1843); StSl, En. Hem. v, p. 118 (1876). 

Type, M. rostrutus, Fabr. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegiou and China. 

Bod}^ very elongate ; head sometimes longer than the pronotum, 
the lateral lobes acuminately produced, slightly separated at their 
apices ; antennae five-jointed, third joijit about reaching the apex 
of the head ; rostrum not reaching the anterior coxae ; pronotum 
with the posterior margin wider than the base of the scutellum, 
concave, with its lateral angles posteriorly produced, lateral 
margins almost straight and finely serrate, anterior margin con- 
cave : scutellum elongate, narrow', rounded at apex ; corium long, 
its apical margin a little sinuate ; mesosternum prominently 
carinate. 



302 



PENTATOMIDiE. 





Fig. 193. — Mcgarhynchus ro&tratus. 



a. Head lonrjer than the pronotum. 

480. Megarhyiichus rcstratus, Fahv. (Aelia) 8yst. Bhjng. p. 18 

(]803) : Amy. &,- Sew. Hem. p. 180 (1843). 
Lygfeiis hastatiis, Fahr. Sijst. Wnjnf/. p. 239 (1803) ; Dall. (Mega- 

ihyccluis) List Hem. \, p. 361 (1851). 
Megarhyncbus elongatus, Zo^j. Ess. Hem. p. 65 (1832). 

Ocbraceous ; lateral margins of the head and pronotnm and the 

coriuni purplish - red ; extreme 

lateral margins of pronotum and 

y^ ^ „ .. ,, . „ , ,. corium luteous ; membrane pale 

^V^-^^^^' A r YIY f hyaline : body beneath and legs 

oehraceous, anterior tibiic and 
tarsi and the antennas purplish- 
red ; abdomen with a stigmatal 
series of small black spots; head 
and pronotum somewhat coarsely 
punctate ; scutellum longitudi- 
nally rngulose and Avith a few 
black punctures ; corium thickl}" 
and finely punctate. 

Length 18 to 24 miUim, 
Hah. Sikhim. Assam; Sibsagar (/ik?. ili-^fs.). Burma ; Teinzo, 
Karennee, Palon (Fea). Tenasserim ; Malewoon (Fea). — A 
common Malayan species, and received from China. 

b. Head shorter than the pronotvm. 

481. Megarhynchus truncatus, Westw. in Hojw Cat. \, p. 20 (1837). 
Megarhyucbus testaceus, Amy. Sf Serr. Hem. p. 180 (1843). 

Dull ochraceous, punctured with fuscous, corium sometimes 
tinged with purplish ; head finely punctate, much shorter than in 
preceding species, the lateral lobes only separate at extreme apices ; 
pronotum somewhat convex, faintly rugulose ; other characters 
generally as in M. rostratvs, from which it may also be dis- 
tinguished as a broader and more robust species. 

Length 21 to 25 milhm. 

Hah. Assam; Ntiga Hills {Doherty), Khiisi Hills (Chennell). 
Burma ; Palon (Fea). — Also reported from the Malay Peninsula, 
some islands of the Malay Archipelago, and from China. 

482. Megarhynchus limatus, Hcrr.-Sch. Wanz. Ins. ix, p. 303^ f.998 

(1853). 

Closely allied to M. truncatus, but differing in having the head 
and pronotum slightly shorter, stature broader, punctuation 
stronger ; the lateral pronotal margins are not luteous and are 
more strongly serrate ; the lateral pronotal angles more obtusely 
prominent, «S:c. 

Length 20 to 22 millim. 

Hah. Assam. Burma ; Bhamo {Fea). 



UROLABIBA.. 303 



Subfamily X. UROSTYLINiE. 

Urostylidse, Dallas, Tr. E. S. n. s. ii, p. 15 (1852). 
Urolabidina, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 115 (1876). 

Antennae five-jointed, basal joint extending considerably beyond 
the apex of the head ; rostrum short, scarcely passing anterior 
coxae ; head small, central lobe as long as the lateral lobes ; 
antenuiferous tubercles exserted ; genitalia usually more or less 
produced : sternum not sulcate ; odoriferous orifices spinous. 

This small subfamily is more restricted to Northern India than 
any other subfamily of the Pentatomidae, and it is there that the 
greater number of the species are found. Others, but fewer, are 
recorded from the Eastern Palaearctic Eegion, Malay Archipelago, 
and Australasia. 

Si/no2'>sis of Genera. 

(I. Head pi-ovided with ocelli. 

a'. Basal joint of antennfe nearly as long as head 

and pronotum together ; antennae slender. . Ueostylis, p. 306. 
b'. Basal joint of antennae not twice the length 
of head, niiich shorter than head and pro- 
notum together ; antennae stout CJrochela, p. 309. 

b. Head without ocelli Urolabida, p. 303. 

The genus described by Renter under the name of Eurhyn- 
cJnocoris belongs to this subfamily, but I have not seen it, and it 
is impossible from the description to arrange it in the .synopsis, 
as Eeuter has not mentioned the presence or absence of ocelli. 

Genus UROLABIDA. 

Urolabida, Westw. in Hope Cat, i, p. 45 (1837) ; Dall. List Han. i, 

p. 313 (1851). 
Urostylis (part.), Westw. loc. cit. 
Calliprepes, White, Chm-lcswortlis May. Nat. Hist. (n. s.) iii, p. 543 

(1839). 
Typhlocoris, Herr.-Sch. Wanz. Ins. v, p. 79 (1839), ix, p. 175 (1853). 

Type, U. tenera, Westw. 

Distribution. Oriental Region and China. 

Body elongate, ovate ; pronotum about as broad as the abdomen, 
the posterior angles not prominent ; head small, ocelli absent, 
apex of central lobe a little prominent ; antennae in the male very 
long, slender, longer than the body, third joint shortest ; antennse 
in the female shorter ; membrane indistinctly but thickly longi- 
tudinally veined ; legs long and slender. 

A. Antennce and legs longly pilose ; lateral margins of pronotum 
and corium dilated. 

483. Urolabida grayi, White (Calliprepes), CharlesivortKs Mag. Nat. 
Hist. (n. s.) iii, p. 543 (1839) : id. Tr. E. S. iii, p. 94 (1842) ; Dall 
List Hem. i, p. 316 (1851). 

Greenish-luteous or pale ocliraceous ; two large basal sub- 



301 



PENTATOMIDiE. 



triangular spots to pronotuin, and a large elongate spot at each 
basal angle of scutellum, purplish-red ; corium often much darker 




Fig. 104. — Vrolahida grayi. 

in hue ; the clavus, anterior and apical margins pale luteous ; 
membrane with a l3asal piceous line ; rostrum just passing the 
anterior coxa;. 

Length 14| to 10 ; breadth bet\Aeen pronotal angles o| niillim. 

Ihih. Nepal. Sikhim {CoU. DisL). 

B. Antenncn and h(js not pilose ; lateral margins of pronotum and 
corium not dilated. 

484. Urolabida chennelli, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 356. 

Body above reddish-ochraceous, marked with black and luteous ; 
head with the central and anterior portions luteous, eyes fuscons : 
antennae with the first joint reddish-ochraceoiis (remainder 
mutilated in type) ; pronotum with a blackish discal semicircular 
line, between which and base the colour is paler and thickly 
punctua.'ed with fuscous, and two levigate luteous spots on the 
anterior disk ; scutellum luteous, with three black basal spots, one 
central and one at each angle, a large rounded reddish-ochraceous 
spot divided by a central longitudinal luteous line, and the apical 
area thickly punctured with fuscous ; coriiim with the inner 
claval and the apical margins black, these black lines outwardly 
and broadly margined with luteous, the costal margin of the same 
colour ; membrane pale hyaline : body beneath and legs luteous ; 
apices of the femora beneath and apices of the tarsi and rostrum 
blackish. Rostrum just passing the anterior coxae. 

Length 15 millim. 

Hah. Niiga Hills (Chennell). 

4S5. Urolabida khasiana, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 357. 

Above luteous with reddish-ochraceous markings, a small black 
spot at each lateral pronotal angle, and two black spots on apical 



IROLABIDA. 'jO'i 

margin of coriiim ; head with some reddish-ocliraceous markings 
behind the eyes, whicli are blackish; antennae with the first and 
second joints ochraceous (remainder mutilated in type) ; pronotmn 
with the anterior and lateral margins and two transverse fascite 
on disk reddish -ochi'aceons ; scntellum with the lateral margins 
reddish-ochi'aceons ; corium reddish-ochraceous, the lateral, claval, 
and apical margins luteous, the last with two prominent black 
spots ; membrane pale hyaline : body beneath and legs luteous ; 
apex of rostrnm, a spot ou apex of each femur beneath, and the 
apices of the tarsi black ; rostrum reaching the middle of the 
mesosternum. 

Length 14 millira. 

Jlab. Xorth Kliasi Hills (Chennell). 

4SG. Urolabida histrionica, ll'cstiv. (UvoaUlh) in Hope C'«;^. i, p. -10 

(1837) ; Stal, En. Hem. \, p. 117 (1870). 
Typhlocoris semicircularis, Herr.-Sch. Wanz. Ins. \, p. 79, f. .j2o 

(1839). 
Urolabida hinotata, Wall: Cat. Het. ii, p. 41o. 4 (1867). 

Reddish-ochraceous ; central area of head, a curved disoal 
fascia, basal spot and extreme lateral margins to prouotum, clavus, 
inner and outer margins of corium, and an elongate spot occupying 
basal half of scntellum, virescent ; a black spot about centre of 
apical margin to corium, somewhat narrowly extending to apex; 
antennoD dull ochraceous, apices of the joints piceous ; rostrum 
reaching the middle of mesosternum : body beneath and legs 
luteous ; body with a sublateral virescent fascia on each side and 
more or less tinged with purplish-red. 

Length li) to 12 millim. 

Hah. North India {Coll. Dlst.). Sikhim (Atkinson). Calcutta 
(lad. Mas.). Burma; Bhamo, liaugoon (Fea). — Somewhat connnon 
in the Malay Peninsula. 

This species is very variable in hue, all the markings, excepting 
tlie black spot on the apical margin of the corium, becoming- 
obliterated as in the form U. hinotata, Walk. This appears to be 
the dominant race in Calcutta. 

487. Urolabida tenera, Westw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 45 (1837). 

Luteous or virescent, probably the last colour in fresh 
specimens ; pronotum and scntellum and outer area of corium 
coarsely darkly punctate ; head and inner area of corium almost 
impunctate ; extreme apical margin of corium distinctly darker ; 
antenna) luteous, third joint and apical halves of fourth and fifth 
joints piceous: extreme lateral margins of coriuui pale, impunctate ; 
rostrum reaching middle of mesosternum ; male with an apical 
angulate process on each side of geuital segment. 

Length 14;^ to 16 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Uist. ^ hid. Mus.). 

VOL. I. X 



306 PENTATOMID.E. 

488. UrolalDida uniloba, StSlj En. Hem. \, p. 117 (IS'/'O). 

Closely allied to U. tenera, but smaller, antennae shorter, basal' 
joint only as long as the pronotum, extremity of the base of the 
second joint, all the third, and apical parts of the last two joints- 
black; genital segment without a lateral process, median process 
much shorter, gradually narrowed, abruptly recurved from 
base, &c. 

Length 10 to 12 millira. 

Hab. Niiga Hills (ChenneU). Darjeeling {StockJwlm Ihts.). 

Genus UROSTYLIS. 

Urostylis (part.), ll'estto. in Hope Cat. i, p. 45 (1837) ; DalL List 
Hem. i, p. 313 (1851). 

Type, U. punctigera, Westw. 

Distribution. Oriental and Eastern Palsearctic Regions. 

Head provided with ocelli; antenna) very long and slender, 
basal joint nearly as long as the head and pronotum taken together: 
rostrum and pronotum as in Urolabida, body less elongate ; mem- 
brane with seven longitudinal veins. 

489. Urostylis pimctigera, Westw. in Hope Cat. i, p. 45 (1837) ; 
Dist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 45 (1879). 

Brownish-ochraceous with a greenish tinge, somewhat coarsely 
punctate, excepting discoidal area of corium, which is almost 
impunctate ; pronotum, as described by Westwood, with two black 
central spots near the anterior margin, but these are usually absent 
or very small ; corium with a black discal spot, its apical margin 
also narrowly black at centre and outer angle ; scutellum with a 
small levigate ochraceous spot near each basal angle ; membrane 
pale hyaline; antennae more or less fuscous, "base of the fourth 
joint luteous '' (mutilated in all examples now before me) : body 
beneath and legs pale brownish-ochraceous ; prosternum punctate, 
remaining surface finely and sparsely brown-speckled ; rostrum not 
quite reaching middle of mesosternum, with its apex black. 

Length 9| to 11| millim. 

Hab. Sikhim {Atkinson). Khasi Hills ( ChenneU). 

490. Urostylis gracilis, Dull List Hem. i, p. 315 (1851). 

Head pale ochraceous, impunctate ; pronotum, scutellum, and 
corium green, or in faded specimens ochraceous ; membrane pale 
hyaline ; body beneath and legs fulvous or ochraceous ; tibiae paler, 
tarsi brownish ; rostrum not quite reaching the middle of the 
mesosternum, its apex black ; antennae long and slender, with 
'' the basal joint orange, second greenish, third, fourth, and fifth 
brownish, the two latter with the base greenish-white " ; apical 
margin of the corium concolorous and slightly rounded. 

Length 10 milhm. 



ITBOSTiLIS. 



307 



Hah. Sikhim {Atlinson) ; Darjeeling {Coll. Dist.). Khc4si Hills 
{Chennell). 

491. Urostylis pallida, Dull. List Hem. i, p. 315 (1851). 

" Above pale greenish-yellow ; head brownish ; prouotum finely 
punctured with brown, with the lateral margins waved ; scutellum 

more strongly punctured 
with brown than the 
prouotum ; corium thickly 
and finely punctured, with 
the inner and outer por- 
tions of the apical margin 
black, the central portion 
yellow ; membrane trans- 
parent, whitish, with a 
black spot in the inner 
basal angle : body beneath 
orange ; abdomen with 
the disk smooth and 
shining, the sides reddish 
and faintly wrinkled ; 
legs testaceous ; femora 
covered with brown points, which towards the apex form a short 
line on each side ; rostrum yellow with the tip black ; antennae 
with the basal joint testaceous, the remainder pale browu." 

Length 13| to 14 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Atlinson). 

The type specimen in the British Museum is here figured. 




Fig. 195. — Urostylis pallida. 



492. Urostylis fiimigata, Walk. Cat. Het. ii, p. 413. 10 (1867). 
Urostylis pliiloides, Walk. loc. cit. p. 413. 11. 
Var. Dist. Sec. Yarkand. Miss., Rhynch. p. 7 (1879). 

Dull ochraceous or pale greenish, very finely darkly punctate ; 
a small spot on each antennal base, a similar spot near each 
pronotal angle, apical half of extreme inner claval margin, and 
the extreme apical margin of corium black ; antennas with the 
first and second joints ochraceous, the third piceous, fourth and 
fifth piceous with their bases broadly luteous ; scutellum with a 
small obscure levigate spot at each basal angle, the apex impunctate; 
membrane pale hyaline, somewhat streaked with ochraceous : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; rostrum about reaching middle of 
mesosternum, its apex black ; lateral margins of the pronotum 
slightly reflexed and distinctly sinuate. 

Length 9| to 11| millim. 

Hah. Pun jab ; Murree {Stoliczha). Sikhim; Mungi^yhu {AtJcinson). 
Sylhet {Bowring). Assam ; Margherita {Doherty). Burma; 
Karennee {Fea). 

I was formerly inclined to consider these two described forms 

x2 



308 pextatomid.t:. 

6^ Walker as distinct species, each being represented by a single 
typical specimen in the British Museum — U. famic/ata (female) 
and U. philoides (male). A study of larger material has, however, 
satisfied me as to their identity. 

493. Urostylis nigromarginalis, Reut. BerL ent. Zeitschr. xxv, p. 85 

(1881). 

Testaceous, above erectly pallidly pilose ; pronotum, scutellum, 
and outer area of corium sparingly and coarsely ferruginously 
])unctate ; scutellum with a subtriangular fuscescent spot on basal 
area, which is a little more densely punctate ; corium internally 
and towards apex very finely and obsoletely concolorously punc- 
tate ; punctately impressed at claval suture, clavus also at the 
margin of scutellum \^dth a series of strongly impressed punctures ; 
lateral margin of corium narrowly black ; membrane pale hyaline, 
the interior and basal margins, and an apical streak, fuscous ; 
rostrum about reaching middle of mesosternum ; antennae rufous- 
testaceous, basal halves of fourth and fifth joints pallid. 

Length 12| millim. 

Hah. Darjeeling (vide lleutc.r). 

I have not seen this species. 

494. Urostylis spectabilis, sp. n. 

Pale greenish ; lateral margins of pronotum and corium bright 
ochraceous ; extreme lateral edge of corium black ; membrane 
pale fuliginous, margins, basal area, and central apical fascia dark 
brown ; antennae with the first and second joints brownish- 
ochraceous, third piceous, fourth piceous with nearly basal half 
luteous (fifth joint mutilated in type): body beneath pale greenish; 
lateral margins of sternum and lateral projecting margins of 
corium bright ochraceous as above ; legs and rostrum pale luteous; 
pronotum and scutellum coarsely and somewhat darkly punctate ; 
claval margins lineately coarsely darkly punctate, some oblique 
series of similar punctures on outer discoidal area of corium ; 
rostrum reaching middle of mesosternum. 

Length 13 millim. 

Hah. Xaga Hills {DoJierty). 

495. Urostylis farinaria, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1901, p. 114. 

Very pale luteous, in some specimens inclining to ochraceous ; 
eyes, apical areas of third, fourth, and fifth joints of antennae, 
and a spot near centre of apical margin to corium black; pronotum 
and scutellum somewhat sparingly but coarsely punctate ; inner 
and outer claval margins with a longitudinal series of coarse 
punctures ; corium with the inner area impunctate, the outer 
area coarsely but sparingly punctate. 

Length 10 to 12 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Eangoon, Karennee {Fea). 



I'EOC'HBLA. 309" 

406. Urostylis notulata, Ball. Tr. E. 8. n. s. ii, p. 16 (1852). 

" Ovate, pale testaceous ; head rather small, triangular, broade 
tiiau long ; impunctate, faintly wrinkled, with a small oblique 
pit on each side within the eyes, apex of the lobes and whole 
underside of head pale yellow ; antenna; clothed with very small 
wliitish hairs ; basal joint testaceous, becoming dusky towards 
apex and covered with minute brown punctures ; second, third, 
and fourth joints brown, the last rather paler ; rostrum pale 
yellow \^ith the extreme tip black ; pronotum pale testaceous,, 
rather thickly punctured with brown, with an abbreviated red line 
on the middle of the anterior portion ; the disk Avith a faint 
transverse furrow or impression before the middle ; beneath 
testaceous, finel}^ punctured with brown, and with a pale reddish 
patch within each antero-lateral angle ; scutellum testaceous, 
rather thickly punctured witli brown ; meso- and metanotum 
beneath pale fulvous, smooth, impunctate, with a large, dull, pale- 
brown patch on each side ; legs clothed with fine whitish hairs ; 
femora yellow-testaceous, covered with fine brown points ; tibia) 
and tarsi dusky ; corium testaceous, thickly and rather finely 
punctured, the punctures pale brox^n, the apical margin brown, 
with the median portion yellow ; membrane transparent, colourless, 
with a dark brown spot on the inner basal angle ; abdomen above 
bright red, shining, very finely wrinkled transversely, with a 
blackish line on each side Axithin the margins ; the margins 
brownish testaceous, edged with brown ; abdomen beneath witli 
the disk pale fulvous, flat, shining, finely wrinkled transversely, 
covered with very minnte brown points; the sides red, the margins 
testaceous." {Dallas.) 

Length 12^ to 13i miUim. 

Hah. Nortli India^ (Dallas). 

I do not know this species. Neither type nor representative i» 
in the British Museum. 

Genus UROCHELA. 

Urochela, Ball. Ti\ E. S. u. s. i, p. 2 (1850) ; id. List Hem. i. p. 31-5 
(1851). 

Type, U. quadripunctata, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental and Eastern PalcCarctic Eegions. 

This genus differs from Urostylis by having the antennse stouter, 
and the basal joint not twice the length of the head, and shorter 
than the head and pronotum together ; the species also have a 
broader and more robust structure than in Urostylis. 

497. Urochela quadripunctata, Dall. Tr. E. S. n. s. i, p. 3, pi. 11, f. 1 

(1850). 
Urostylis lopoides, Walk. Cat. Hct. 11, p. 414. 12 (1867). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly punctate ; lateral and anterior 
margins and a central line to pronotum, lateral margins and a 



810 



PENTATOMID^. 



central line to scutellum, and basal lateral margins and narrow 
apical margin to corium, luteous ; posterior lateral margin to 
corium and a spot in basal lateral margin, a spot on disk and 
another near centre of apical margin, black ; connexiviim luteous 
and black ; abdomen beneath luteous, a spot on each segment 
within the stigmata and another on the lateral margin black ; 




Fig. 196. — Urochela quadripunctata. 

sternum, rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; apex of rostrum piceous 
femora somewhat darkly punctate ; antennae with the basal joint 
brownish-ochraceous, remaining joints black, about basal halves 
of fom'th and fifth joints luteous, base of second joint brownish- 
ochraceous. 

Length 8 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Bhutan. Sikhira ; Mungphu {Atlcinson). Very common 
on Observatory Hill, Darjeeling, at the end of the rains (Atkinson). 

498. Urochela guttulata, Stdl, En. Hem. \, p. 115 fl876). 

Allied to U. quadripunctata., but larger, antennae shorter and 
more slender, lateral margins of pronotum dilated, anteriorly 
roundly -amplified and obsoletely subserrate, slightly sinuate at 
centre ; the le\igate line on pronotum and scutellum much less 
distinct, sometimes partly evanescent; membrane palely speckled; 
sternum with a distinct, broad, sublateral black fascia. 

Length 11 to 12 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.); Mungphu (Atkinson), Darjeeling 
(Stochliolm Mi's.). Naga Hills (Doherti/). 

499. Urochela pilosa, Stal, En. Hem. v, p. 116 (1876). 

Dark ochraceous, spai'ingly but coarsely punctured Mith black ; 
head impunctate ; lateral margiiis of the pronotum and corium 
levigate, reddish-ochraceous ; membrane very pale ochraceous ; 
basal joint of antennae ochraceous, remaining; joints black, fourth 
iind fifth joints luteous at base; corium with two spots, often 



UROCnELA. 311 

indistinct, and spots to corniexivum Wack : body beneath and legs 
ochraeeous ; abdominal stigmata and an adjacent transverse line 
l)lack. Allied to the preceding species ( U. guftalata), but somewhat 
broader, dorsal punctuation stronger, lateral margins of prouotum 
anteriorly obtusely rounded, but not sinuated in the middle, and 
chiefly by its strong pilositv. 

Length 10 to 10| millim"! 

Hab. Khiis'i HiWs (Chemiell). 'N dga Hills {Doherty). Darjeeling 
(Stocl'holm 2Ii(s.). 

500. Urochela obscura, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 314 (1851). 

"Above brown, somewhat obscure, densely and finely punctured ; 
head impunctate, black, with a spot on each side within the eyes, 
a spot on the middle of the vertex, and the apices of the lateral 
lobes brown ; lateral margins of the pronotura waved, narrowly 
■edged with yellow; scutellum rather coarsely punctured with 
black, with the basal angles yellowish, the apex with an indistinct 
reddish longitudinal keel; corium clouded with blackish : membrane 
brown, opaque ; connexivum black, with a yellow line on each of 
the sutures : body beneath reddish ; abdomen impunctate, minutely 
■wrinkled transversely, with the stigmata black ; sternum finely 
punctured with black on the side, disk impunctate, black ; legs 
brownish, femora with brown dots ; rostrum brownish-testaceous, 
with the apex piceous; antennae with the basal joint pitchy brown, 
paler at the base, second, third, and fourth joints black, fifth orange 
with the apex black.*' (Dallas.) 

Length 10| to 12 millim. 

Hah. India (Childrea tj- Harchviclce, Brit. Mus.\ 

'501. Urocliela bimaculata, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 313 (1851). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum brownish-grey, thickly and 
finely punctured with black, head with two prominent black 
streaks at base and two much finer ones at apex ; pronotum with 
the lateral margins waved, rounded anteriorly ; corium very pale 
luteous, finely punctured with brown and with numerous scattered 
coarse black punctures, the centre of the disk with a large brown 
spot ; membrane semiti'anspareut, brownish ; connexivum dark 
brown, with a yellow line on each of the sutures : body beneath 
fulvous ; abdomen thickly and finely punctured with black, the 
stigmata and two rows of spots on each lateral area black; sternum, 
excluding disk, finely black punctured; legs ochraeeous, femora 
thickly covered with fine black points, tibiae brownish at apices, 
tarsi with the apical joint bi'own ; antenna? piceous, basal joint 
brownish-ochraceous, speckled with black, basal halves of fourth 
and fifth joints pale luteous ; rostrum shghtly passing the middle 
of inesosternum, its apex piceous. 

Length 13.| ; bi'eadth between pronotal a)igles o^ millim. 

Hab. North India {Boijs, Brit. 3Ius.). 



312 rEXTATOMID.'E. 

502. Urochela discrepans, IFalL: Cat Het.ii, p. 411 (1867). 

Allied to U. himacidata, but more coarsely aDcl less densely 
punctate, the lateral margins to the prouotum nearly straight, 
scarcely sinuate ; head more produced anteriorly; antennae piceous, 
the apical joint ochraceous, inf uscated at apex ; pronotiim with twa 
rounded black spots on anterior area and two elongate spots on 
disk, the extreme lateral margins black, very sparingly and coarsely 
punctate ; scutellum with a spot in each lateral angle and twa 
central fasciae meeting near apex black. 

Length 13^; breadth between pronotal angles 5i millim. 

I/ah. Sikhim {Coll. Disi.) 

503. Urochela pulchra, Disf. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 3o6, pi. xii, f. 8. 

Body above ochraceous, shaded and punctured with brownish ; 
heatl and pronotum brownish, margins of the last olivaceous ; 
antennte brownish, second joint longer than first (remainder muti- 
lated in type) ; scutellum olivaceous, \\ith scattered coarse brown 
punctiu-es and some mottled markings and a spot in each basal 
angle of the same colour ; corium olivaceous, with lai'ge irregular 
coarse brown punctures on inner area, the clavus broAvuish ; mem- 
brane brownish : body beneath brownish, laterally spotted ■« ith 
ochraceous ; legs ochraceous, femora speckled with bro\\iiish ; 
rostrum with the apex piceous. 

Length 15 millim. 

Ilah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.). 

504. Urochela ferruginea. Did. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 356. 

Body above brownish-ochraceous, very thickly and darkly punc- 
tate ; head with the eyes fuscous, and two central lines of the same 
colour; antennae fuscous, first aud second joints subequal in length, 
third very short (remainder mutilated in type); prouotum with a 
central longitudinal line and the margins narrowly luteous ; scu- 
tellum with a central longitudinal line, a linear spot at basal angles, 
the apex, and the margins narrowly luteous ; corium ^vith the 
margins narrowly aud some longitudinal discal lines luteous; mem- 
brane fuscous : ccnnexivum fuscous, with lineate, ochraceous spots: 
body beneath brownish-ochraceous, tinged with fuscous and with 
fuscous lateral spots ; connexivum as above ; legs brownish-ochra- 
ceous, apices of the tibiae aud tarsi fuscous. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hah. Assam {Coll. Disf.). 

Genus EURHYNCHIOCORIS. 

Eurhyncliiocoris, Iteitf. Berl. eut. Zeitschr. xxv, p. 84 (1881). 

Type, E. sparsipunctatvs, Eeut. 

Distribution. Sylhet. 

" Body oblong, parallel, somewhat flat ; head horizontal, its length 



EUmiYKCIIIOCOEIS. 313 

equal to its breadth « ith eyes, lateral lobes acuminate, about twice 
shorter than clypeus, tlie latter anteriorly dilated, porrect, gente 
subacuminate at apex, the superior margin more strongly rounded 
and very little longer than the lateral lobes ; bucculae t\\iee shorter 
than head, laminately dilated towards apex, very depressed at base : 
rostrum long, slender, nearly reaching apex of foiu-th abdominal 
segment ; tirst joint extending beyond the bucculcC, second almost 
twice longer than first, third about one half shorter than second 
and as long as fourth joint ; antennae with the first joint as long as 
the liead, second almost one third longer than the first, third twice 
shorter than second ; prosternura obtuseh^ carinate at middle, and 
mesosternum at base." 

A genus unknown to the writer. 

505. Eurhynchiocoris sparsipunctatus, Hcuf. Berl. nit. ZeiUchr. 
XXV, p. 8-j (1881). 

c5' . Ferruginous-fuscous, opaque ; pronotum with a basal sub- 
marginal impressed line, disk obsoletely rugose, irregularly spar- 
ingly sprinkled with rather large impressed black dots, here and 
there forming black spots ; anterior lateral margin slightly sinuate 
about centre, black, testaceous at basal angles, t\^o patches on the 
disk and a spot before the apex black, finely and sparingly punc- 
tate towards the base, strongly and densely blackly punctate towards 
the apex ; clavus with a row of dots somewhat abrupt at margin 
of scutellum ; corium with a row of impressed dots at claval suture 
and some adjacent black dots, with others situate in the exterior 
area ; disk centrally almost impunctate, several irregular spots on 
exterior margin, median spot and another at apex of apical margin 
fuscous ; membrane fuscous, with six to seven pale veins; sternum 
with four dark fuscous marginal dots on each side ; abdomen 
above red, connexivum testaceous, with the segments centrally 
black. 

Length 11 millim. 

Hah. Sylhet {Coll. Signoret). 

I have not seen this species. 

Subfamily XI. ACANTHOSOMATIN.E. ^ p. 3 

Acanthosomina, .%?/, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. FUrh. (3) pp. .32,31> (1872) ; En. 

Hem. v, p. 108 (1876). 
Acanthosomida, Stal, Hem. Afr. i, p. 33 (1864). 

Tarsi two-jointed ; scutellum not reaching the middle of the 
upper surface of the abdomen, with the apex usually much 
narrowed ; apical margin of corium straight, rarely rounded towards 
outer apical angle ; tibia) obtusely rounded. 

The Acantliosomatina' are generally distributed, but are concen- 
trated in the Oriental and Australian Kegions. Their distribution 
is very uneven, three or four genera only being known from the 
Ethiopian Region, \ihilst no fewer than nine genera ai'e recorded 
from the restricted area of Chili. 



314 PENTATOMID^. 

tSi/nojJsis of Genera. 

A. Basal joint of antenna; extending beyond 
the apex of head. 

a. Mesosternal ridge not produced backward 

between intermediate coxse. 

a. Mesosternal ridge not or very slightly 

extending bej'ond anterior margin of 

prosteruum. 

a'. Pronotal angles not prominently 

produced ; pronotum anteriorly 

punctate, not levigate Acanthosoma, p. 315. 

b'. Pronotal angles strongly or 
spinously produced ; pronotum 

anteriorly levigate Sastbagala, p. 318. 

h. Mesosternal ridge extending consider- 
ably beyond anterior margin of pro- 
sternum Anaxandea, p. 321. 

b. Mesosternal ridge produced backward 

between intermediate coxae . Elasmosthetus, p. 326. 

T). Basal joint of antennte not reaching apex 

of head Microdeuterus, p. 314. 

Genus MICRODEUTERUS. 

Microdeuterus, DaN. List Hem. i,p. 299 (1851); StcV, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. 

Fork. 1870, p. (340; id. En. Hem. v, p. 110 (1876), 
Acanthosoma, part., Hen:-Sch. Wanz. Ins. viii, p. 5 (1848). 

Type, 21. megaceplialus, Herr.-Sch. 

Distribution. Oriental Region. 

Head large, rounded in front, lobes o£ equal length ; antennae 
of five joints, basal joint stout, not reaching apex of head, second 
joint minute, third longest ; rostrum long, reaching the base of the 
abdomen; body elongate-ovate ; pronotum gibbous, lateral angles 
not pi'oduced, the margins distinctly prominent and levigate ; scu- 
tellum small, longer than broad; membrane with longitudinal veins ; 
sternum with a strong central laminate keel, widened and rounded 
anteriorly, about or almost reaching base of bead ; ventral spine 
short, scarcely passing the posterior cox*, 

506. Microdeuterus megacephalus, Herr.-Sch. (Acanthosoma) Wanz. 
Ins. viii, p. 5, f. 783 (1848) ; Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 640. 

Ocbraceous, brownly punctate, more thickly punctate on pro- 
notum and corium, scutellum more sparsely punctate on apical area, 
head very finely and obscurely punctate ; margins of pronotum 
distinctly levigate ; scutellum with a more or less well-defined 
large blackish spot onbasal area, and with a distinct central luteous 
le\igate carination, on each side of which at apical area the surface 
is furrowed, its apex blackish ; corium more or less purplish on 
apical area ; connexivum purplish-brown \^ith luteous spots, the 



ACANTHOSOMA. 



315 



apical segmeutal angles acute, angles of the sixth segment strongly 
produced, blackish-brown : body beneath and legs ochraceous, 
abdomen speckled with purplish on each lateral ai'ea. 

Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Bombay {LeWi). Calcutta {Atlcimon). Sikliim. Burma; 
Palon {Fea). 



507. Microdeuterus dallasi, Atkins. J. A. S. B. Iviii, p. 21 (1889). 

Microdeuterus megacephalus, 
Dull, (iiec Ilerr-Sch.^ List 
Hem. i, p. 300, t. 10, f. 4 
(1851). 

This species was separated 
by Atkinson from M. mega- 
cephalus by the differences in 
the spinose posterior prolon- 
gations of the connexivum, 
which though present are 
much less produced ; it is 
also more unicolorous above 
and smaller in size. 
Length 9 millim. 
jVorth India {Boys, Brit. Mus.). 




Mkrodc uterus dallasi. 



Genus ACANTHOSOMA. 

Acanthosoma, Curtis, Brit. E?it. i, p. 28 (1821) ; Dall. (part.) List 

Hem. i, p. 198 (1851) ; Fieb. Fur. Hem. p. 327 (1861). 
Cliiiocoris, part., Halm, Wanz. Lis. ii, p. 70 (1831). 
Oxydalus, iMuls. Sf Rey, Pim. France, Pent. p. 324 (1866). 
Elasmostethus, Stdl, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fdrh. 1872, (3) p. 39. 

Type, A. Iwrnorrhoidale, Linn., a Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Nearctic, Neotropical, Palsearctic, and Oriental 
Regions. 

Head small, flat, triangular ; antennae five-jointed, first joint 
extending beyond the apex of the head; pronotum without carinate 
margins, the lateral angles moderately prominent ; scutellum 
slightly longer than broad, its apex much narrowed : sternal 
ridge very high, abruptly lowered before the intermediate coxae, 
rounded anteriorly and extending beyond the base of the head ; 
apical angles of the sixth abdominal segment rounded at their 
apices in the male sex. 



508. Acanthosoma proximum, Ball. List Hem. i, p. 303 (1851) ; Dist. 
Sec. Yarkand Miss., Rhynch. p. 7 (1879). 

Above brownish or yellowish-green, coarsely punctate, the head, 
margins and lateral angles of pronotum paler in hue, the last, 
both above and beneath, with a roseate tinge; punctures blackish, 



316 



pentatomim:. 



those ou scutellum a little the deepest ; corium finely punctate, 
its lateral area more coarsely and sparsely punctate : body beneath 
and legs ocbraceous or greenish-ochraceous, apical margin of the 
sixtb abdominal segment and the whole of the anal appendages 
pale sanguineous : prosternum coarsely punctate ; antennae with 
the first, second, and third joints olivaceous, their apices somewhat 
infuscated (remaining joints mutilated in type). 

Length 15; breadth between pronotal angles 7k millim. 

Hah. jSTorth India (Gen. HarclwicJce, Brit. Mus.). 

509, Acanthosoma distinctum, Ball. List Hem. 1, p. 304 (1851): 
Hiuter, L'erl. cut. Zcitschr. xxv, p. 75 (1881). 

Above pale olive-green, rather thickly punctured w ith black ; 
head pointed in front, finely punctured : pronotuni with a trans- 
verse impunctate space towards the anterior margin, lateral 
angles prominent, subspinose, obtuse, ferruginous ; scutellum 
brownish, becoming green towards the apex, with the apex itself 
\^'hitish : membrane brownish, semitransparent, with a dark line 



><=*=' 




Fisr. 198. — Acanihosoma dis/incfum. 



at the base, surrounding the apical margin of the corium ; abdomen 
above red, with the margins bright orange, with a black band at 
the junction of each segment : body beneath pale testaceous ; 
abdomen in the male with the emargination of the apical segment 
very deep, reaching the middle of the abdomen, the margins 
spotted with black ; legs pale greenish, with the tarsi fulvous. 

Length 15 to 19; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to 10 millim. 

Bab. North India (Bot/s, Brit. Mus.) ; Darjeeling. — A common 
species in Japan. 

510. Acanthosoma coralliferum, Hon: Termesr.. Fiizetek, xii, p. 34 

(1889). 

Above olivaceous-green, underneath palely testaceous, pro- 
sternum and legs palely green; head nearly impunctate; pronotum 



ACATfTHOSOMA. 317 

and scLitellum remotely, corium densely blackly punctate ; the 
last three joints of the antennae infnscated ; lateral angles of the 
pronotum "coralline," obtusely subcallous ; membrane subhyaline; 
abdomen above weakly ferruginous, connexivum with the extreme 
segmental apical angles black ; abdomen strongly carinate, basal 
spine long, almost reaching the anterior coxae ; sixth abdominal 
segment profoundly angulate-emarginate, the emargination in the 
male nearly reaching the middle of the abdomen ; rostrum not 
extending beyond the intermediate cox», its apex black. 

Length 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7g millini. 

Hah. Western Himalayas {Nat. Mus. Budapest). 

I have not seen this species. 

.")] ] . Acanthosoma singhalense, sp. ii. 

Pale greenish-ochraceous, somewhat coarsely punctate ; apices 
of the pronotal angles, a small elongate spot on each side of the 
scutellum a little before apex, a small spot at interior apical angle 
and a larger spot at outer apical angle of corium, dark castaneous ; 
anterior disk of scutellum, clavus, and apical margin of corium 
very pale castaneous ; membrane pale hyaline, with a large 
castancons spot on each lateral margin : body beneath and legs 
ochraceous ; antenna; olivaceous, the last joint a litlle infnscated. 

Length 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeniya {Coll. Dist.). 

512. Acanthosoma forfex, X'rt//. List Hem. i, p. .30s (Ls.51); Bist 
Sec. Yarka?id Miss., Rhynch. p. 7 (1879). 

Elongate, above pale olive-green, rather densely and stroucly 
blackly punctate ; head })ale, with a few hue black punctures, the 
central lobe a little longer than the lateral lobes ; pronotum ^itli 
the lateral angles prominent and obtusely spinous, the lateral 
margins and angles reddish-brown ; scutellum with the disk 
reddish-brown and with a central pale levigate line ; membrane 
transparent, brownish : body beneath greenish or ochraceous tinted 
with red ; abdomen centrally obtusely ridged ; sexual organs greatly 
developed in the male, the lateral processes produced into two 
long curved spines, with a small brush of hairs at their apices and 
nearly as long as the abdomen ; antennae pale yellowish-green, 
becoming brown towards the apex. 

Length 12| ; breadth between pronotal angles Qh millim. 

Hah. Punjab ; Murree {StoUczl-a). 

AcantJiosoma immunda, Walk. Cat. Het. iii, p. 573 (1868), 
recorded as from India, is a very doubtful species, of which the 
type is reported to be in the National Museum, Melbourne. 
From the description it certainly does not appear to belouo- to 
the S'enus AcantJiosoma. 



318 



pentatomim:. 




Genus SASTRAGALA. 

Sastragala, Ami/. S,- Seir. Hem. p. 1-55 (1843) ; StSl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. 
Fork. 1870, p. 638 ; id. En. Hem. \, p. 110 (1876). 

Type, S. unigutfata, Don. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion, New Guinea, and Japan, 
Pronotum anteriorly levigate, with a subanterior marginal row, 
sometimes double, of punctures ; lateral angles of the pronotum 
horizontally produced, their apices obtusely rounded ; scutellum 
narrowed at the apex ; apical angles of sixth abdominal segment 
in male straight or somewhat acute, not rounded ; mesosternal 
ridge not produced hindwards, and not or very slightly extending 
beyond the anterior margin of the prosternum, more or less 
distinctly rounded at apex. 

A. Scutellum until a large ochrmeous spot. 

513. Sastragala heterospila, Walk. (Acanthosoma) Cat. Het. ii,. 

p. 391 (1867) ; Atk. J. A. S. B. Iviii, p. 29 (1889). 
Sastragala affinis, Atk. J. A. S. B. Ivii, p. 344 (1889). 

Ochraceous, somewhat thickly punctate; head with the apex 

of the central lobe slightly 
prominent; pronotum with 
the lateral angles and a 
more or less well-defined 
fascia between them black; 
between this fascia and 
the base the punctures are 
black ; scutellum black or 
f^^'-^^ i ^ \ M L ^ blackly punctate, with a 
^ *' ^ large levigate discal ochra- 

ceous spot, apex also pale 
luteous ; corium with a 
small black spot at inner 
angle, and a lunate black 
fascia near outer apical 
margin ; connexivum luteous, with the extreme apices of the 
segmental spines black, posterior margins of sixth segment black ; 
antennae ochraceous ; abdominal spine passing the intermediate 
coxge ; rostrum about reaching the posterior coxae. 

Length 11 to llg ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 
8 millim. 

Bah. Punjab {Brit. Mus.). Bunkoti in Jaunsar, 9000 feet 
{AtUnson). Nilgiri Hills (Hampson). 

514. Sastragala uniguttata, Do7t. (Cimex) Ins. Ind, Hem. pi. xiv, 

f. 5 (1800) ; Ball. (Acanthosoma) List Hem. i, p. 311 (1851) ; 
Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 113 (1876). 

Allied to the preceding species (S. heterosjnla), but rostrum only 
reaching the intermediate coxce, corium with the submargiual 
punctures black and without the black apical markings ; in other 



^tl 





Fig. 199. — Sastraciala heterospila. 



SASTRAGALA. 319 

respects agreeing with- Walker's species, and sometimes having the 
lateral pronotal spine and connecting transverse fascia black. 

Length S| to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5.^ to 
7 millim. 

Hah. Khtisi Hills (Chennell). 

515. Sastragala parmata, Bist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 353. 

Body above brownish-ochraceous; pronotal spines reddish-brown; 
scutellum with a large cordate ochraceous spot surrounded with 
blackish ; antenute ochraceous, third and fourth joints somewhat 
darker, second and third subequal in length, a little shorter than 
fourth (fifth mutilated in type) ; pronotum sparingly and coarsely 
punctate, the lateral angles produced into long thick rounded spines, 
very slightly reflexed at apices ; scutellum with the central spot 
levigate, remainder coarsely punctate, apex ochraceous ; corium 
coarsely punctate, m ith the lateral margins luteons and levigate : 
body beneath and legs ochraceous ; rostrum with the apex 
piceous. 

Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hub. North India {Coll. Dist.). 

516. Sastragala javanensis, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 353, 

Body above pale brownish ; head, lateral and anterior margins,, 
and a transverse fascia across anterior disk of pronotum, and the 
lateral margins of the corium luteous ; legs and pronotal lateral 
angles black ; scutellum black, with a large round discal levigate 
ochraceous spot ; antennae ochraceous, second joint shortest, third 
and fourth joints longest and subequal in length ; pronotum 
with the posterior disk coarsely punctate, the anterior portion 
impunctate, excepting a row of punctures on anterior margin, 
the lateral angles produced iuto long acutely pointed spines, 
very slightly reflexed at apices ; scutellum, excepting the central 
spot, coarsely impunctate ; corium thickly and coarsely punctate, 
excluding lateral margins which are levigate ; membrane pale 
ochraceous and subhyaline ; abdominal appendages black : body 
beneath and legs luteous : apical angles of last abdominal segment 
black ; rostrum about reaching posterior coxae. 

Length 12 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karennee {Fea). — Described from Java, 

B. Scutellum unicolorous, without pale central spot. 

517. Sastragala rufispina, Dist. Tr.E. S. 1887, p. 352. 

Body above dark ochraceous, pronotal angles purplish-red ; head 
finely and transversely wrinkled, apical portion of the central lobe 
excavated and foveate ; (antennae mutilated in type) ; pronotum, 
scutellum, and corium somewhat sparingly and coarsely punctate ; 
pronotum with the lateral angles produced into obtusely pointed 
spines ; membrane pale hyaline, blackish at base : body beneath 



820 PEXTATOMIDJB. 

^ery pale ocbraceous, legs a little darker in hue ; rostrum with the 
apex piceous, and reaching tlie second abdominal segment ; sixth 
abdominal segment with two small black spots at apex ; pronotal 
spines red beneath as above. 

Length 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 millim. 

Hah. North India {BucJrlei/). 

518. Sastragala edessoides, Disf. A.M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 228 (1900). 

Luteous, coarsely and darkly punctate ; antennae luteous, apical 
half of third and all the fourth and fifth joints piceous ; second 
joint a little longer than the third ; pronotum and scutellum 
somewhat sparingly punctate, the corium much more thickly so ; 
pronotal lateral angles long, robust, slightly ascending ; abdomen 
above pale sangnineous, margins of counexivum ochraceous : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous, small stigmatal black spots, and two 
similar spots at the margin of apical segment. 

Length 14 to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 94 to 
10.1 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Atl-inson Coll., Brit. 2Ius.) ; ISViga Hills 
(Doherti/). 

The long robnst pronotal angles prove this species distinct. It 
has a striking structural resemblance to some species of the 
American genus Edessa. 

519. Sastragala nmrreeana, Disl. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 228 (1900). 

(Ochraceous, coarsely black-punctate ; lateral pronotal spines red, 
blackly punctate, long, directed forward and up\\ard ; body 
beneath and legs ochi-aceous, abdomen with reddish apical spots ; 
antennae with the second joint much longer than the third, apical 
half of third and all the fourth and fifth joints piceous ; pro- 
notum and corium somewhat thickly and coarsely punctate, the 
scutellum more sparingly so. 

Length 14 to 15; breadth between pronotal angles 8^ to 
1() millim. 

llah. Punjab ; Murree {AfkinsoH Coll.). 

520. Sastragala hampsoni, Bisf. A. M. N. 11. (7) vi, p. 229 (1900). 

Olivaceous, coarsely and darkly punctate ; pronotal angles acute, 
directed outwardly ; anal appendage provided with two long red 
forceps ; antennje olivaceous, apical half of third and the whole of 
fourth joint piceous (fifth joint mutilated in type), third joint 
siiffhtly longer than second; head impunctate ; the pronotum, 
scutellum, and corium about equally coarsely and sparingly 
punctate ; body beneath and legs very pale yellowish-green. 

Len"-th 13 : breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Ilab. Nilgiri Hills {JIampson). 



5->l Sastragala elongata, I)aU. (Acanthosoma) Lid Hem. i, 
(1851) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 22S (1900). 



300 
Elono-ate ; above yellowish-green, punctured with black ; head 



AXAXANDEA. 321 

slightly wrinkled, impuuctate, somewhat pointed iu front, with the 
central lobe longer than the lateral ; pronotum yellowish-green in 
front, reddish behind, coarsely and rather thickly punctured with 
black, with the exception of a ti'ansverse band near the anterior 
margin ; lateral angles produced into strong, deep crimson spines, 
with their apices obtuse ; scutellum coarsely but sparingly punc- 
tured with black, and with a reddish-brown triangular mark in the 
centre of the base ; corium reddish internally, the outer mai'gin and 
the greater portion of the apex yellowish-green, the whole surface 
thickly and strongly punctured with black and somewhat rugose ; 
membrane brownisli transparent : body beneath yellow, shining ; 
abdomen impuuctate with a strong central keel ; sexual organs 
much developed, lateral process bright red, inner pieces flattened, 
yellow, widened and emarginate at the tip, which is black ; legs 
greenish-testaceous, the tarsi dusky ; apex of rostrum black ; 
antennae with the basal joint greenish-testaceous, remaining joints 
brown, becoming darker towards apex. 

Length 14g millim. 

Hah. North India {Boys, Brit. Mus.). 

522, Sastragala hinotata, Did. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 3o3, pi. xii, f. 12. 

Body above brownish-ochraceous, darkly punctate ; corium with 
the lateral margins, widened into a spot at centre, dull ochraceous, 
inwardly shaded with blackish ; membrane of a bronzy hue : head 
transversely wrinkled; antennae ochraceous, third joint much longer 
than the second (remainder mutilated in specimen described) ; 
pronotum and scutellum sparingly and coarsely punctate, the 
corium more thickly and finely punctate ; pronotum with the 
lateral angles produced into long, somewhat conical spines, their 
a,pices subacute and very slightly reflexed backwards : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; rostrum reaching the third abdominal 
segment, its apex piceous ; lateral lobes of the head a little longer 
than the central lobe. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.). Burma ; Ruby Mines {Doherty). 

Genus ANAXANDRA. 
Anaxandra, Stal, En. Hem. x, p. 110 (1870). 

Type, yi. rufescens, Dall. 

Distribution. India. 

Mesosternal rid^e long, extending considerably beyond the 
anterior margin of the pronotum, with its apical portion prominent 
and gradually nari'owed or acuminate ; lateral angles of the pro- 
notum strongly produced, the lateral processes directed a little 
forward and upward ; apical angles of sixth abdominal segment in 
male somewhat obtuse. 

VOL. T. T 



322 PBNTATOMID.E. 

A. Scutellum more or less concolorous, ivithout a large luteoiis 
basal spot. 

523. Anaxandra rufescens, Dall. (Acanthosoma) List Hem. i, p. 811 

(18ol) ; St&l, En. Hem. \, p. 114 (1876) ; Reut. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. 
XXV, p. 77 (1881). 

Head olivaceous, impunctate ; prouotum with the anterior area 
oHvaceoiis, coax'sely but sparingly punctured with black, and \\ith 
a broad impunctate orange fascia near anterior margin, posterior 
area brownish-ochraceous rather thickly punctured with black, 
lateral angles produced into long ochraceous or reddish-ochi'aceous 
spines, with their apices slightly recurved, their basal portions 
punctate, their apices Isevigate ; scutellum olivaceous or reddish - 
ochraceous, sparingly and irregularly punctured with black, the 
apex pale, levigate ; corium reddish-ochraceous, the outer margin 
broadly olivaceous, rather strongly blackly punctate ; membrane 
pale brownish hyaline : body beneath and legs ochraceous ; 
antennae olivaceous, apex of third and the whole of fourth and 
fifth joints infuscated. 

Length 14| to 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13 millim. 

Hah. Darjeeling (Atlinson). Naga Hills {Doherty). 

524. Anaxandra hamata. Rent. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. xxv. p. 78 (1881) ; 

Atk. J. A. S. B. Iviii, p. 34 (1889). 

Closely allied to A. rufescens, Dall., but differing in the lateral 
processes of the pronotum, also, in the male, in the anterior margin 
before the apex being a little more distinctly convex and entirely 
sanguineous, and especially in the structure of the genitalia in the 
male. First genital segment about one-third shorter than pre- 
ceding, apical margin slightly sinuate, second segment uncovered 
on the margin, straight in the middle, with two small bands sub- 
vertically placed in the middle itself, shortly but densely fulvous- 
pilose, apical angle produced into a long, somewhat incurved horn, 
which is furnished at the apex with a densely fulvous pilose 
fascicula, its exterior margin as long as the lateral margin of the 
preceding segments, inferior margin as long as the margin of the 
apical segment : stijli briefly biramose at the apex, upper ramus 
narrow and acutely acuminate, apex somewhat curved, inferior 
broader and more obtuse, abruptl}'^ dentately conti'acted at the 
apex. 

Length 15 millim. 

Hah. Darjeeling. 

I have seen nothing which I can identify with the above 
description given by Renter, who does not state in what respects 
the lateral horns of the pronotum differ from those of A. rufescens, 
nor does he give the breadth between the same. 



ANAXANDEA. 



323 




Fig. 200. — Anaxandra lavicornis. 



525. Anaxandra Isevicornis, Dall. (Acanthosoma) Lid Hem. i, p. 311 

(1851) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 229 (1900). 

Above pale yellowish-olivaceous ; the central lobe of the head 

slightly passing the lateral 
,--'- lobes ; pronotum thickly 
and rather coarsely punc- 
tured, lateral angles pro- 
duced into long impunctate 
processes, sometimes lute- 
ous, directed forward, and 
of the same thickness from 
base to near the apex, which 
is acute and slightly re- 
curved ; scutellum rather 
strongly but not very thickly 
punctured ; corium very 
thickly punctate ; membrane 
brownish, hyahne : body 
beneath ochraceous or pale 
olivaceous ; abdomen impunctate, but very finely wrinkled laterally, 
apex sometimes bright red ; legs and rostrum testaceous or pale 
olivaceous ; antennae testaceous, with the third joint black except 
at base. 

Length 20 millim. 

Hah, North-west Provinces {Home, Brit. Mus.). 

526, Anaxandra cornuta, Dall. (Acantliosoma) Tr. E. S. \, p. 193; 

pi. xix, f. 6 (1849) ; StM, En. Hem. \, p. 114 (1876). 

Olivaceous slightly clovided with luteous, rather thickly and 
strongly punctured ; pronotum with the lateral angles strongly 
cornuted, the processes being more darkly coloured than the rest 
of the surface, the anterior lateral margins greenish beneath ; 
scutellum acute, slightly sinuated on each side immediately before 
the apex ; coi'ium thickly and sti^ongly punctured ; membrane 
brownish at the base, particularly at the internal angles ; antennae 
concolorous, the apex and sometimes the whole of the joints 
piceous ; legs pale brownish-ochraceous, with the tibiae and tarsi a 
little darker ; ventral spine long, reaching anterior coxae. 

Male. The pronotal processes dark olive-green, rounded at the 
apex, beneath flat, but not grooved ; the membrane pale and 
semitransparent ; abdomen above red, with broad whitish margins ; 
body beneath pale ochraceous, with a reddish tinge towards the 
apex of the abdomen. 

Female. The pronotal processes piceous, very acute, the apices 
recurved and tipped with bright orange, strongly channelled be- 
neath ; membrane brownish ; abdomen beneath pitchy brown, 
darkest at apex, and palest at outer margins and along the median 
ridge ; ventral spine pale, its apex brown ; sternum brownish, with 
the ridge semitransparent; head beneath brownish. 

y2 



324 PENTATOMID,?:. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 
Hab. Bhutan. Sikhim {Atlcinson). 

I have }iot seen this species and in the above description have 
relied on the diagnosis of Dallas, 

527. Anaxandra tauriformis, Did. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 354. 

Body above bright castaueous; lateral margins of the head, 
anterior and lateral margins and posterior disk of pronotum, lateral 
margins of scutellum, lateral margins of corium, and the membrane, 
ochraceous ; antennae with the first and second joints ochraceous 
(remainder mutilated in type); head transversely wrinkled, with a 
few dark punctures ; pronotum sparingly and coarsely punctate on 
disk, thickly punctate on anterior margin ; pronotal angles produced 
into long upwardly and forwardly directed processes, the apices of 
which are distinctly truncately reflexed backward, the processes 
sparingly punctate for about half their length ; scutellum sparingly 
and coarsely punctate ; corium thickly punctate ; abdominal spines 
castaneous : body beneath and legs ochraceous ; abdominal spines 
castaneous as above, but inwardly blackly mai'gined. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 14:h millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (C'o?7. Dist.). 

528. Anaxandra alaticornis. Walk. (Acanthosoma) Cat. Het. iii, 

p. rj73 (1868); DM. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 229 (1900). 

Tawny, elongate-oval, shining, roughly punctured ; head elongate, 
slightly acute ; sides reflexed ; eyes piceous ; rostrum extending to 
the posterior coxse, its apex black ; antenuse piceous, slender ; 
first and second joints testaceous, second as long as the third, 
fourth longer than third ; pronotum pale testaceous along each 
side in front, with a broad testaceous band between the lateral 
angles, which are as long as the intermediate breadth and are broad 
and linear from the base to near the apices, where they are black, 
dilated, and recurved : abdomen ferruginous, pale testaceous at 
each lateral mai'gin, black at apex ; corium pale testaceous towards 
the base and at the apical margin, and with a large pale testaceous 
apical spot which extends to the lateral margin. 

Length \lh millim. 

Hah. " Hindostan " {Brit. Mus.). 

529. Anaxandra nigricornis, Walk. (Acanthosoma) Cat. Hd. iii, 

p. 574 (1868) ; Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 229 (1900).^ 
Anaxandra uigrocomuta, Reut. Bert. etd. Zeitschr. xxv, p. 77 (1881). 

Olivaceous or brownish-ochraceous, blackly punctate : head and 
anterior and lateral margins of pronotum ])ale ochraceous ; pro- 
notum with the lateral angles produced into long black spines with 
their apices recurved, anterior margin coarsely black, punctate, 
behind which is a narrow transverse reddish impunctate space ; 
scutellum with the apex pale luteous and impunctate ; mem- 
brane pale brownish hyaline : body beneath and legs pale reddisli- 
ochraceous ; pronotal spines beneath olivaceous or ochraceous : 



ANAXAKDRA. 325 

apical half of third joint and all fourth and fifth joints of antenna? 
piceous. 

Length 13| to 16; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 13 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.). Darjeeliug. 

530. Anaxandra bovilla, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 229 (1900). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and coarsely punctate ; pronotal 
angles very robustly developed, slightly recurved and pointed 
posteriorly at apices, which are pale and impuuctate ; antennae with 
the second joint longer than the third ; pronotum with the posterior 
area from between the lateral angles much more coarsely punctate, 
and margined anteriorly with an indistinct narrow waved castaneous 
fascia ; scutellum very coarsely punctate, the apical margins some- 
what raised and levigate, a central pale levigate line traversing the 
pronotum and scutellum ; corium more thickly and finely punctate, 
with a discal levigate spot, which in some specimens is very indis- 
tinct, the lateral area darker and very coarsely punctate; membrane 
pale brownish : body beneath and legs brownish-ochraceous. 

Length 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 

Hah. Assam. (Atkinson Coll.). JNaga Hills (Z>o7ier<?/). 

531. Anaxandra compacta, Dist. T>: E. S. 1887; p. 355. 

Body abo'\'e ochraceous, with an olivaceous tinge ; basal margin 
of head, a spot behind each eye, and the margins of the central 
lobe (not reaching apex), two circular enclosing lines near anterior 
margin of pronotum, and a large central rounded spot near base 
of scutellum black ; pronotal angles castaneous ; the pronotum 
and scutellum are very obsoletely and obscurely punctate, the 
corium finely but distinctly punctate ; the pronotal angles are 
produced into short but very robust spines, their apices rounded 
above and subtruncate : body beneath ochraceous, much tessellated 
with black, pronotal spines castaneous as above. 

Length 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Assam; Sadiya (C/ienneZZ). Burma; Karennee (2^e«). 

B. Scutellum ivith a large luteous hasal sjjot. 

532. Anaxandra nigro-lineata, Stdl, En. Hem. v, p. 114 (187G). 
Auaxaudra fulvicornis, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 354. 

Body ochraceous, with an olivaceous tinge ; anterior lateral 
margius of head, a central narrow longitudinal fascia commencing 
before apex of head and terminating on disk of pronotum, and the 
lateral margins of the scutellum, joined together before apex, black; 
antenute with the basal joint ochraceous (remainder mutilated in 
type of A. fulvicornis) ; pronotum with the posterior disk coarsely 
punctate, the lateral angles produced into long, slightly ascending 
and forwardly directed dull luteous spines, their apices very slightly 
reflexed and subacute ; scutellum with the basal two-thirds luteous, 
posteriorly rounded and mai'gined with black ; corium coarsely 



326 PENTATOMIDJE. 

punctate and rugulose ; membraue of a brouzy hue : body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; mesonotum with an oblique black line on 
each side. 

Length 15 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 14 to 18| 
niillim. 

Hah. Sikhim (CoU. Dist.). Darjeeling {Stockholm Mus.). 

I was originally inclined to consider that the great disparity in 
size between Stal's A. nlgro-l'meata and my A. fulvicornis denoted 
specific difference ; but after experience of the variation in size 
existing in other species of the genus, I am not prepared to 
maintain that view. 

533. Anaxandra sigillata, Stdl, En. Hem. \, p. 114 (1876). 

Closely allied to A. nigro-Uneata, but smaller, pronotal lateral 
prolongations shorter, above black, and at their apices anteriorly 
more strongly rounded ; membrane more obscure ; basal lateral 
margins of corium pale luteous ; margins of the head concolorous, 
and pronotum without a black longitudinal line. 

Length 13; breadth between pronotal angles 10 millim. 

Hah. Cachar (Coll. Dist.). Burma; Karennee (i^m). 

Genus ELASMOSTETHUS. 

Elasmostethus, part., Fiebei; Eur. Hem. pp. 78 & 328 (1861). 
Clinocoris, part., Hahn, Wanz. Ins. ii, p. 70 (1834) ; Stdl, Ofv. Vet.- 

Ah. Fork. 1872, 3, p. 39; id. En. Hem. v, p. 110 (1876). 
Sastragala, Fieber, Eur. Hem. pp. 78 & 327 (1861). 
Elasmucha, Stdl, Ami. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1864, p. 54 ; id. Ofo. Vet.- Ah. 

Fork. 1870, p. 6.38. 
Meadorus, part., Muls. S^- Rey, Pun. France, Pent. p. 315 (1860). 

Type, E. fjriseum, Linn., a Paltearctic species. 

Distrihution. Palaearctic and Oriental Regions. 

This genus is principally distinguished by the character of the 
mesosternal ridge, which is produced backward between the inter- 
mediate coxte ; the posterior lateral margins of the pronotum are 
narrowly depressed and moderately amplified. 

A. Lateral angles of the pronotum prominent, hut not spinously 
produced, 

534. Elasmostethus punctatum, Hall. (Acanthosoma) List Hem. i, 
p. 306 (1851); Stdl (Clinocoris), Eti. Hem. v, p. 114 (1876); 
Leth. 8f Set: Cat. Gen. Hem. i, p. 257 (1893). 

Greenish testaceous, coarsely punctate; head punctured with 
brown, central lobe just passing the lateral lobes; pronotum 
strongly and rugosely punctate, the punctures brown ; scutelluin 
triangular, with the apex much attenuated and produced, strongly 
but not thickly punctured with brown ; corium very coarsely 
punctured, but with a small impunctate patch on the disk ; mem- 
brane transparent, colourless ; connexivum with a small spine at 



ELASMOSTETHUS. 327 

the posterior angles of each segment, and with a small black spot 
on each segment at the posterior margin ; abdomen beneath coarsely 
and sparingly punctured on the lateral areas, the disk impuuctate 




Fig. 201. — Elasmostcfhus pionctattim. 

and with a very distinct median longitudinal ridge ; sternum 
thickly and strongly punctured, especially on the lateral areas ; 
legs and antennae ochraceous, the last with the two apical joints 
brown. 

Length 9 to 9| millim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Punjab {Coll. Dist.). 

535. Elasmostethus nilgirense, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7). vi, p. 231 

(1900). 

Ochraceous ; basal areas of pronotum and scutellum, claval and 
apical marginal areas of corium, castaneous or reddish-castaneous ; 
prouotal angles, a basal submarginal line to corium, and apical 
angles of corium black ; membrane hyaline, fuscous at base and 
apex ; abdomen above reddish, with the apical area black ; lateral 
margins of the pronotum, a small spot in each basal angle of the 
scutellum, and a faint longitudinal central line traversing the 
pronotum and scutellum, levigate, pale ochraceous ; antennae 
brownish-ochraceous, second joint distinctly longer than the third, 
apical joint somewhat infuscated ; pronotum, scutellum, and 
corium coarsely and sparingly punctate, the central marginal area 
of corium much less punctate : body beneath and legs pale luteous ; 
the odoriferous apertures and two small subapical abdominal spots 
black ; apex of abdomen reddish. 

Length 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). 

536. Elasmostethus nebulosum, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 231 

(1900). 

Ochraceous, with coarse brown punctures ; basal spot to head, 
two anterior marginal spots to pronotum, and marginal spots to 



328 PE>^TATOMID.I. 

connexivum black ; prouotum with brownish suffusions, principally 
on posterior ai'ea and at lateral angles ; scutellum much suffused 
with dark bro^vnish at base, at disk, and at each apical margin, and 
with a small pale levigate spot in each basal angle ; corium with a 
transverse central and a broad apical brown suffusion ; abdomen 
above reddish-brown, with the extreme apex piceous ; antennae 
with the two basal joints ochraceous, the remaining joints fuscous, 
second joint subequal to the third or slightly shorter : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; prosternum and femora darkly 
punctate ; sternal spots near coxae, stigmatal spots, and outer 
marginal spots at segmental incisures black. 

Length 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 51 millim. 

Hah. Mga Hills {Doliertij). 

537. Elasmostethus lewisi, Dht. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 232 (1900). 

Ochraceous ; prouotum, scutellum, and corium coarsely and 
darkly punctate ; scutellum with a central cordate, levigate spot 
surrounded by castaneous shading, in which is a short central dark 
lineate spot above and beneath ; extreme apices of pronotal angles, 
apical margins or only angles of corium, a small spot at base of 
membrane, and the apical abdominal segmental angles black ; 
abdomen above reddish, with its lateral margins ochraceous ; mem- 
brane hyaline, slightly brownish on inner and outer margins ; 
antennfe ochraceous, second joint distinctly longer than the third, 
apical joint some-what infuscated ; head transversely wrinkled ; 
pronotum with two transverse levigate callosities on anterior area ; 
corium w-ith the whole marginal area very finely and concolorously 
punctate. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Brit. Mus.). Ceylon {Lewis). 

B. Lateral angles of pronotum spinously jproduced . 

538. Elasmostethus recurvuni, Dall. (Acanthosoma) List Hem. i, 

p. 310 (1851); ^tal (Clinocoris), En. Hem. \, p. 114 (1876); 
Leth. 8,- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. t. i, p. 257 (1893). 

Ovate, above pale olivaceous punctured Avith black ; head thickly 
and finely punctured with black : central lobe longer than the 
lateral lobes ; pronotum thickly and strongly punctured with black, 
the lateral angles produced into strong, acute, slightly recurved, 
deep red spines, the disk with a broad, transverse, yellowish-white 
fascia across the middle ; membrane transparent, brownish ; 
connexivum ochraceous, with a black spot at the posterior angle 
of each segment : body beneath fulvous, punctin*ed with black ; 
the abdomen sparingly and finely, the sternum more thickly and 
coarsely punctate ; abdominal ridge well marked and impunctate, 
but not very prominent ; legs ochraceous, \\\\}a. the claws black ; 



ELASMOSTETHUS. 329 

rostrum testaceous, with the apex black : antennae testaceous, with 
the apical half of the fifth joint black. 

Length 10| millim. 

Hah. North India (Brit. Mus.). 

539. Elasmostethus scutellatiim, Dist. (Clinocoris) Tr. E. S. 1887, 

p. 856. 

Body above ochraceous, thickly and coarsely punctate ; pronotal 
spines rosy red ; scutelhim with a blackish central longitudinal 
fascia extending from about base to centre ; antennae ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the lateral angles straightly produced into subacute 
spines, the apices of which are slightly reflexed backward and their 
posterior margins somewhat sinuated ; membrane pale hyaline, 
with reflections of the red upper surface of the abdomen : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; sternum coarsely punctate. 

Length 8 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 milhm. 

Hah. Naga Hills (Chenuell). 

540. Elasmostethus truncatulum, Walk. (Acanthosoma) Cat. Ilet. 

ii, p. 396. 18 (1867) ; Bid. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 230 (1900). 
Clinocoris crucigei'; Rent. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. xxv, p. 80 (1881). 

Eeddish -ochraceous ; head with some fine punctures, and with 
two posteriorly converging luteous fasciae ; antennae luteous, second 
and third joints subequal in length ; pronotum with the anterior 
and anterior-lateral margins, an arcuate line behind the apical 
margin, a central longitudinal fascia crossed cruciformly by a 
transverse line near middle, luteous, levigate, the lateral angles 
spinously produced and slightly recurved ; membrane hyaline, with 
an irregular broad pale fuscous fascia ; connexivum with luteous 
spots : body beneath with the lateral and segmental margins of 
sternum, the abdominal margins (sometimes broken), a lateral row 
of spots on each side, the mesosternal ridge and ventral spine, 
pale luteous ; rostrum not extending beyond the posterior coxa) ; 
lateral margins of the pronotum distinctly sinuated ; exterior 
margin of corium beyond middle roundly amplified towards apex. 

Length 6| to 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6| millim. 

Hah. Darjeeling {Renter) : Assam ; Sibsagar {Coll. Dist.). 

Walker's description of this species is particularly insufficient. 

541. Elasmostethus lineatum, Ball. (Acanthosoma-Sastragala) Tr. 

E. S. V, p. 194 (1849) : Atkins. (Sastragala) J. A. S. B. Iviii, p. 28 
(1889); Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 230 (1900). 
Acanthosoma binotata Walk. Cut. Het. ii, p. 395. 16 (1867). 
Clinocoris maculata, Dist. Tr. E. S. 1887, p. 355. 

Above dusky testaceous, strongly punctured with brown ; head 
yellow, with a brown line on each side of the central lobe, and a 
row of brown punctui-es on each side of the lateral lobes ; pronotum 
with the lateral spines acute, slightly recurved, pitchy brown, a 



330 PENTATOMID^. 

transverse fascia near the anterior margin, and a nai'row longi- 
tudinal line along the middle, impuuetate, yellow ; scutellum 
yellowish-brown, paler towards the apex, and with a yellow spot 
in the middle of the base ; corium dusky testaceous, thickly and 
strongly punctured, the apex yellowish ; a short transverse im- 
puuetate oi'auge fascia near the outer margin, considerabl}'' beyond 
the middle, directed towards but not reaching the internal angle ; 
membrane transparent, faintly clouded with brown ; abdomen above 
deep red, the margins yellowish ; head, pronotum, and abdomen 
beneath, with the legs, rostrum, and antennae testaceous, the 
antennae rather darker ; abdominal spine short, scarcely reaching, 
the intermediate coxse. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. North-east India {Coll. Dist.). 

542. Elasmostethns asperum, Walk. (Acauthosoma) Cat. Het. ii, 
p. 395. 17 (1867) ; Bist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 230 (1867). 

Ochraceous, sparingly but coarsely darkly punctate ; pronotum 
with the basal area darker from between the posterior halves of 
lateral angles, where there is sometimes a distinct dark fascia, 
two transverse, im punctate, testaceous fasciae near the anterior 
margin : body beneath and legs ochraceous, body coarsely and 
darkly punctate ; lateral margins of the sternum levigate, luteous ; 
lateral spines castaneous beneath ; the lateral margins of the pro- 
notum are obliquely extended to the apices of the lateral angles, 
which are obtusely angulated and slightly recurved backward, their 
posterior margins a little sinuate ; corium distinctly ampliated from 
beyond middle to apex. 

Length 9| to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Punjab; ^hivTQQ {Stoliczlca). '^\kh\m {Coll. Dist.). 



COREID.E. 331 



Family COREID^. 

This family, though of considerable extent, is much smaller than 
the Pentatomidse, and, according to a rough estimate of the known 
species from all parts of the world, is only about half its size. 
The CoreidsB have a very distinct facies from the Pentatomidse, and 
closely resemble both in form and position the Lougicoruia amongst 
the Coleoptera. As a rule they are duU-coloui^ed insects, but many 
genera exhibit extraordinary dilatations of the antennae and tibiae; 
of the present uses of this dilatation, if any, we are without 
knowledge. 

The family was for a long time known under the term Superi- 
cornia, which was an adaptation made by Dallas of the name 
Supericorncs of Amyot and Serville. 

Modern writers are practically unanimous in using the term 
Coreidae as proposed by West wood in 1839. The principal 
structural characters of the Coreidae are as follows : — 

Head neither clypeated nor transversely impressed before the 
eyes ; the antennae four-jointed, inserted on the upperside of the 
head, above a line drawn from the eyes to the base of the rostrum ; 
ocelli present; rostrum of four joints. Scutellum small, not 
reaching the middle of the body nor the base of the membrane. 

Considerable difference of opinion has been exhibited by 
different writers in the classification of this family. This has 
occurred with St§,l himself, whose matured views as given in 1873 
are here followed. Four subfamilies are recognized, which are 
capable of divisional arrangement as in the Pentatomid ae, though 
these divisions have been raised to the rank of subfamilies by 
Lethierry and Severin in their ' Catalogue Greneral des Hemi- 
ptrres ' — a course we are unable to follow. 

Synoj/sis of Subfamilies. 

A. Odoriferous orifices distinct, rarely * obsolete 

or indistinguishable ; dorsal surface of fourth 

and fifth abdominal segments at bases 

medially sinuate. 

a. Bucculae generally long and extending to 

near insertion of antennae ; pronotum pos- 

tex'iorly usually three times or more than 

twice the breadth of head ; dorsal surface 

of first abdominal segment posteriorly 

truncated ; scutellum reaching or passing 

base of metanotum, generally broader than 

head between eyes. 

* In Eufhefus. 



332 COREID^. 

a. Head near central lobe distinctly and 
longitudinally impressed ; dorsal sur- 
face of sixth abdominal segment in male 
with posterior angles rounded, obtuse, or 
straight, rarely * acute or somewhat 
prominently recurved ; tibise above 

generally sulcated or dilated Corehice. 

h. Head near central lobe not impressed ; 
dorsal surface of sixth abdominal seg- 
ment in both sexes with posterior angles 
prominently recurved, slightly dentate, 
or spinose ; tibite rounded, not sulcated. PseiidopJdoeinw. 
b. Bucculse small, short, placed before insertion 
of antennae ; pronotum posteriorly not or 
slightly broader than breadth of head, 
rarely nearly t\A"ice, and very rarely t more 
than twice as broad ; dorsal surface of first 
abdominal segment posteriorly rounded, 
sometimes strongly produced ; scutellum 
frequently not reaching base of meta- 
notum, somewhat narrower than head 

between eyes Ah/dino'. - 

B. Odoriferous orifices sometimes indistin- 
guishable: dorsal surface of fourth abdominal 
segment at base and apex more or less 
medially sinuate Corizino'. ^ ' ^ 



332^ 



-2, / a 
Subfamily I. COREIN^. '^^ |^^ 

Coreiiia, Stal, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1872, No. 6, p. 49. J, 5 'i -^5 ,'^-7 

This subfamily, being sufficiently diagnosed in the preceding^ § "? 
" Synopsis of Subfamilies," needs no further description here. 3 '^Z ' 

The Coreinae are universally distributed, the tropical genera ^^ '•? 
containing the largest and handsomest species. The brightest 
coloured species are found in the Neotropical Eegion, but do not 
exceed in size some of those belonging to the fauna of British 
India. 

Division MICTABTA. 

This division, as defined by Stal in 1873, was previously (1867) 
regarded by him as a subfamily, and again similarly treated by 
Lethierry and Severin (1894). The same remark will apply to the 
other divisions of the Coreinse. 



* lu Clorcsmus and Cldomorpha. In the PhyUomoypharia the sixth segment 
is enth-ely foliaceously dilated, backwardly produced, lobate. 
1" In Stcnocephcdaria. 



BEEBPTEHYX. 333 

The Mictaria liave the anterior femora beneath near the apex 
generally distinctly and acutely spined, or armed with two spines, 
or unarmed or obsoletely shortly spined ; intermediate femora in 
the males rarely distinctly spined ; posterior femora spinose, 
generally incrassated and in the males profoundly thickened. 

Synoi>sis of Genera. 

A. Lateral angles of pronotum strougly dilated 

aud produced anteriorly before apex of 

head Derepteryx, p. 333. 

B. Lateral pronotal angles not produced before 

apex of head. 

a. Posterior femora in both sexes tuberculate 

on inner margins, tubercles small and 
irregular. 
a. Femora above with a small lobate pro- 
cess near apex Helcomeria, p. 335. 

h. Femora above without a lobate process 
near apex. 
a'. First joint of antennse uot longer 
than fourth ; posterior tibiae in male 

spined and dilated Prionolomia, p. 33G. 

. b^. First joint of antennae longer than 
fourth ; posterior tibife in male 
neither spined nor prominently 
dilated Elasjiomia, p. 339. 

b. Posterior femora granulate on inuer 

margins, but not tuberculate. 

a. Posterior tibiae on both sides moderately 

dilated. 
«'. Abdomen in male strougly tuber- 
culate. 
«^. Membrane shorter than abdomen, 

abdominal apex truncate Aurelianus, p. 340. 

h-. Membrane reaching apex of ab- 
domen, which is rounded Mygdonia, p. 340. 

b^. Abdomen not tubercidate in either 

sex Ochrochira, p. 341. 

b. Posterior tibiag not dilated above. 

«'. Posterior tibiae dentate on inner 

margins in male 3Iictis, p. 344. 

b'^. Posterior tibiae not dentate in either 

sex Anoplocnemis, p. 346. 

Genus DEREPTERYX. 

Derepteryx, White, Cliarlestvorth'' s May. Nat. Hist. (2) iii, p. 542 

(1839) ; id. Tr. E. S. iii, p. 92 (1842). 
Derapteryx, Westic. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 8 (1842). 
Subg. Pterygomia, Stdl, En. Hem. idi, p. 40 (1873). 

Type, D. grayi. White. 

Distribution. jS^.E. India, Burma, China, Borneo. 
Lateral angles of the pronotum produced into broad lunately 
curved processes extending beyond the apex of the head, these 



334 



COEEIDyi;. 



processes are toothed on the inner side and acute "at apices; 
posterior femora in the male incrassated and inwardly spinous or 
tuberculate, the posterior tibise in the same sex inwardly toothed 
before apex ; abdomen unarmed : third joint of the anteunse not 
(or very slightly) compressed, not dilated. 

543. Derepteryx grayi, White, Charlestcorth' s May. Nat. Hist. (2) iii, 
p. 542 (1839) ; id. Tr. E. S. iii, p. 92, pi. vii, f. 4 (1842). 

Greyish-brown or brownish-ochraceous ; apical joint of the 
antennae ochraceous, much more slender than the preceding joints, 
which are finely hirsute ; pronotum above with small scattered 
tubercles, the lateral processes angulated and strongly toothed 
on their inner margins, the outer margin a little sinuate and finely 
serrate ; scutellum and corium densely and finely pilose, membrane 
somewhat shining ; posterior femora in the male incrassated and 




Fig. 202. — Derepteryx grayi, §. 

strongly spinous on the inner margins, in the female elongate and 
slender, not spined on inner margins ; all the femora in both sexes 
with an angular dilatation beneath before apex, the dilated margins 
more or less serrate ; tibiae outwardly dilated in both sexes, the 
posterior most prominently and the anterior most moderately. 

Length 33 ; breadth between pi-onotal angles 19 millim. 

Hob. North Bengal {Boys). Sikhim ; Ivurseong (Lethierry). 
Nepal {Hardxvicke, Brit. Mus.). Burma ; Euby Mines (DoJierty). 

544. Derepteryx hardwicki, White, Charleszvorth's Mag. Nat. Hist. 
(2) iii, p. 542 (1839) ; id, Tr. E. S. iii, p. 93 (1842). 
Mictis amplectens, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 26 (1871). 

Brownish-ochraceous ; antennae with the apical joint ochraceous, 
about equal in substance to the second and third joints, which with 



HELCOMEEIA. 335 

the first are ver\^ finely hirsute ; pronotum above rugose, not 
tuberculate, the margins oh" the latei'ai processes more strongly 
spined than in the preceding species ; scutellum and corium finely 
pilose ; posterior femora in the male less incrassated than in 
D. grayi, spined on inner margins and with a series of tubercles 
above, in female slender and, not spined on inner margin, all the 
femora in both sexes angulate beneath near apices ; tibice not 
prominently dilated as in I), r/rai/i. 

Length 26 to 28; breadth between pronotal angles 15 to 16 
millim. 

Hub. Nepal {Hardwicke, Brit. Mus.). Sikhim {Ind. Miis.) ; 
Kurseong (LetJiierry). Assam ; Margherita (Ind. Mits.) ; Khasi 
Hills (ChenneU). Burma; Euby Mines (DoJierty), Karennee {Feci). 



545. Derepteryx feana, sp. u, 

Piceous, ochraceously pilose, membrane shining, cupreous ; an- 
tennjie with the first, second, and third joints finely hirsute, the 
fourth joint a little paler and pilose ; pronotum granulate and 
rugulose, with a distinct central black carinate line, the lateral 
processes just passing the apex of the head, their apices broad, 
obliquely truncate, their margins irregularly serrate, posterior 
margins more strongly serrate ; abdomen above red, connexivum 
piceous ; sternum beneath with an ochraceous spot near the 
odoriferoiis apertures ; posterior femoni distinctly blackly tuber- 
culate in both sexes ; posterior tibise dilated on both sides, in the 
male angulate on inner margins. 

Length 31 to 33 ; breadth between pronotal angles, d 16, 5 19 
millim. 

Hab. Tenasserim : Thagata (Fea). 

A species to be recognized by the broadly oblique apices of the 
pronotal processes, and by the elongate body. 



Genus HELCOMERIA. 

Helcomeria, StSl, En. Hem. in, p. 40 (1873). 

Type, H. spinosa. Sign. 

Distribution. Eastern Himalayas and Assam. 

Differs from the preceding genus (Derejiteryx) by having the 
lateral processes of the pronotum more or less horizontally pro- 
duced and not extending beyond the apex of the head ; the 
posterior femora in both sexes are somewhat strongly tuberculate, 
in the male strongly spined beneath before apex ; tibias dilated in 
both sexes, in the male denticulated on inner margins ; the femora 
above have on each side near apex a small lobate process ; apex 
of scutellum tuberculate ; antennae with the basal joint longest ; 
abdomen unarmed. 



336 



COREID.^. 



54G. Helcomeria spinosa, Su/n. (Petascelis) Ann. Soo. Ent. Fr. 1851, 
p. 123, pi. iv, f. 4. 
Greyish-brown or brownish-ochraceous ; autenuse hirsute, apical 
joint slender, pilose ; anterior margins of the pronotum strongly 




Fig. 203. — Helcomeria spinom, 2 . 

spined, lateral margins of the dilated processes less strongly and 
more irregularly spinous, upper prouotal surface finely tuberculate, 
rut^ose', and centrally prominently «-rinkled on disk ; scute! lum 
pilose, with an apical recurved black tubercle ; corium pilose ; mem- 
brane cupreous, somewhat irregularly ochraceously pilose ; con- 
nexivum cupreous, ochraceously pilose, particularly at the bases 
of the segments ; posterior femora strongly tuberculate in both 
sexes, in the male strongly spined beneath before apex ; posterior 
tibife dilated on both sides, inwardly spined in male, intermediate 
and anterior tibise only outwardly dilated. 

Length 34 to 38 ; breadth between pronotal angles 19 to 19| 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Iml. Mus.) ; Assam ; Margherita {Dolierty) ; Naga 
Hills {Ind. Mus.); Khasi Hills {Chennell), 

Genus PRIONOLOMIA. 

Priouolomia, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 37 (1873). 

Type, P. malaya, Stal, a Malaccan species. 

Distribution. N.E. India, Burma ; Malay Peninsula, Malayan 
Archipelago. 

From Helcomeria this genus may be distinguished by the absence 
of the lobate process to the subapieal upper surface of the femora, 



PRIONOLOMIA. 



337 



find by the nou-tuberculate apex of the scutellum ; the first joiut 
of the autenn'ce is not lougei- than the fourth ; the posterior tibia; 
are moderately dilated and iu the male denticulate ou the iuuer 
.side ; posterior femora iu the male with a stroug spine before 
apex, and above lougitudinally tuberculate ; abdomen unarmed. 

547. Prionolomia gigas, Dist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 1:28 (1879); 
Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1900, p. 169. 

Castaueous ; head, prouotum, scutellum, and corium more or less 
greyishly pilose; antennae pale castaueous, second and third joints 




Fig. 201. — Frlonoloinia gigas, (^ . 

a little darker at apices, third and fourth 3oiuts with their basal 
areas pale ochraceous ; prohotum rugose, obscurely granulate, 
lateral angles very prominent, produced some\^'hat upward and 
forward, gradually narrowed to apex, with the margins strongly 
serrate, a transverse impression a little before anterior margin, 
and a similar impression with a small tubercle at each end near 
posterior margin ; scutellum with extreme apex luteous; corium 
obscurely blackly granulate ; membrane brassj'-brown ; sternum 
with an oblique ^^•hitish or luteous fascia on each lateral area ; 
posterior femora above with black tubercles, in the male pro- 
minently spined beneath near apex ; posterior tibicC pi'omineutly 
dilated ou both sides, in the male strongly augulate beyond middle 
on the inner side, in the female rounded, entire. 

Length 43 ; breadth betweeo pronotal angles 19 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (ChenneU). Burma ; Kai'ennee {Fea ; Doliertij). 
VOL. I. z 



838 coREiD.Ti;. 

548. Prionolomia heros, Fabr. (Lyga?us) Eiit. Syst. \x, p. 186 (1794-) : 

Stdl (Mictis), Hem. Fabr. i, p. 44. 4 (1868). 
Mictis liystrix, Costa, Bend. Ac. Nap. ii, p. 253 (1863), 

Pale brownisb-ochraceous, finely and thickly punctate ; sternum 
with an oblique pale ochraceous fascia on each lateral area ; an- 
tennae with the apices of the joints a little darker, fourth joint 
luteous near base; connexivum with the apices of the segmental 
incisures luteous ; pronotal angles moderately dilated and margin- 
ally dentate. In the male the posterior femora are somewhat 
strongly incrassated, straight, convex above, on each side with a 
series of spines, and beneath irregularly spinose, all the spines 
black, beneath with one prominent spine. 

Length 33 ; breadth 9| milhm. 

Hab. Sylhet {vide Stdl). — Java {Stoclcholm Mvs.). 

I do not accurately know this species, though I possess a 
specimen fi-om Bantam in Java, which agrees fairly well with 
the description. It seems to be a rare species in British 
India. 

549. Prionolomia fulvicornis, J«5r. (Cimex) Manf. ii, p. 288 (1787) : 

id. (Lygfeus) 'Si/st. Rh>/)if/, p. 204 (1803); Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, 
p. 45 (1868). 

Pronotum, scutellum, and membrane piceous-brown ; head and 
corium brownish-ochraceous, sometimes uniformly ; antennae 
and legs pale castaueous : in the male the posterior legs are 
piceous with the tarsi castaneous ; body beneath in female ob- 
scure castaneous, in male with the sternum piceous, the sternal 
segmental margins and the abdomen castaneous ; the pronotum 
has the anterior area granulate, the lateral angles somewhat 
strongly horizontally produced, their apices narrowed and ob- 
tusely pointed, their margins and the anterior lateral margins 
strongly serrate ; posterior femora in the male strongl}' incrassated, 
tuberculate on each side ; posterior tibise in male prominently 
inwardly angulated, in female obtusely widened, not angulated ; 
a small ochraceous spot near the odorifei'ous orifices. 

Length 26 to 29 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 to 13| 
millim. 

Hab. Khilsi Hills {Chennell). 

550. Prionolomia cardoni, Lcthiemj, Bull Soc. Ent. BeUj. 1891^ 

p. cxliii. 

This species, which I have not seen, Mas described from a single 
male example. It is stated to differ from P. fulvicornis by its 
deeper colour, the lateral expansion of the pronotum more rounded 
or enlarged, the dentation more acute, the granules on the femora 
smaller and more numerous, and by the angles on the inner margin 
of the tibise being nearer the base and more obtuse. 

Lengrh 25 millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Kunbir {vide Lethierry). 



ELASMOMIA. 



339 



Genus ELASMOMIA. 
Elasmomia, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 38 (1873). 

Type, E. granulipes, Westw. 

Distrihxition. Eastern Himalayas and Sylhet. 

Allied to Prionolomia, but with the first joint of the antennae 
longer than the fourth ; posterior tibite in the male neither am- 
pliated nor dentated ; posterior femora in male armed on the 
inner side with a somewhat long spine. 

551. Elasmomia granulipes, Westw. (Myctis) in Hope Cat. n, p. 11 
(1842) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 41 (1873). 

Ferruginous ; apical joint of antennae, excluding extreme base, 
ochraceous ; pronotum with the lateral margins moderately reflexed 




Fig. 205. — Elasmomia granulipes, cj". 

and serrate, the lateral angles horizontally produced with their 
apices subacute : body above obscurely pilose ; central incision on 
anterior area of head very distinct ; femora in male incrassated, 
sparsely tuberculate inside, somewhat prominently spined before 
apex ; in the female these femora are much less developed ; poste- 
rior tibiae moderately ampliated, but neither dilated nor angulate. 

Length 21 to 25 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to 10 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist. (^- Ind. Mus.). 

552. Elasmomia ? serrata, Sujn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1882, p. Ixiv. 

I have not seen this species. It is described as differing from 
E. (jranulipes by the pronotum being toothed (" dentele "), by the 
absence of granulations to the posterior femora, and by the 
presence, in the male, of a triangular dentation on the inner side 
of the posterior tibiae at about one-third from base. 

Length 22 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9| millim 

Hah. Sylhet {Signoret Coll., Vienna Mus.). 

From the structure of the posterior tibiae, as above detailed, this 
species seems scarcely to belong to the genus Elasmomia. 

z2 



340 



coreid.t:. 



Genus AURELIANUS, nov. 

Type, A. elongatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Elongate ; membrane not reaching apex of abdomen, which has 
its apex truncate ; anterior tibiae somewhat distinctly dilated, 
considerably narrower at base than apex ; antennae with the first 
and fourth joints subequal in length, fourth longer than third ; 
rostrum with the second and fourth joints subequal in length ; 
head distinctly cleft at apex between the lateral lobes ; px'onotuui 
elongate, lateral margins serrate, lateral angles not prominent ; 
posterior femora in male strongly incrassate, much curved at base, 
strongly serrate on inner and outer marghis ; posterior tibi* in 
male moderately amplified on each side, on the inner side somewhat 
pron)inently bidentately sinuate, the apex with a small tubercle 
on each side. Abdomen beneath in male with a central broad, flat, 
rounded tubercle at the junction of the second and third segments, 
and with a strong conical tubercle on each lateral area of the 
second segment ; apical angles of the sixth segment pbsoletely 
lobate. 

553. Aurelianns elongatus, sp. n. 

Dark cinnamomeous ; antennce, eyes, and membrane piceous ; 

antennse with the first 
joint, excluding apex, and 
the fourth joint cinna- 
momeous, apex of fourth 
joint luteous ; head, pro- 
notum, scutellum, corium, 
and the posterior femora 
moderately ochraceously 
pilose ; abdominal tuber- 
cles and posterior tibise 
beneath piceous. 

Length 24 ; breadth 
between proaotal angles 
6g millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Bhamo 
Fig. 206. — Aurelianns elongatus. (Feci) 

This species is founded on two male examples ; I have not seen 




a female specimen. 



Genus MYGDONIA. 



Myo'donia, St&l (part.), Hem. Afr. n, pp. 2 Sc 16 (I860) ; id. En. 
Hem. iii, p. 39 (1873). 

Type, M. tuberculosa. Sign., an African species. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian liegion and British India. 

Head subquadrate, antenuiferous tubercles subcontiguous : ros- 
trum very short ; corium with the apical margin moderately 
sinuated, its apical angle moderately produced; posterior legs 



MYGDONIA. 



341 



placed far apart ; anterior femora beneath near apex bidentate, 
the apical tooth sometimes obsolete ; posterior femora in the male 
incrassated ; anterior and intermediate tibiae simple, posterior tibioe 
on each side dilated. In the male the junction of the second and 
third abdomiual segments is centrally slightly tuberculate, and the 
jnnction of the third and fourth segments is strongly and tuber- 
culously elevated, 

554. Mygdonia amplicollis, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 43 (1873). 

Blackish-brown, obscurely ochraceously pilose ; membrane verv 
dark cupreous ; apical joint of the antennse and the tarsi ochra- 
ceous ; first joint of antenna? subequal in length to the fourth, 
first, second, and third joints moderately stout and finely hirsute, 
fourth joint more slender, pilose ; pronotum with the lateral angles 
somewhat strongly developed, narrowed apically to a small point, 
the anterior lateral margins strongly and coarsely dentate, the 




Fig. 207, — Mijgdonia ampUeoUis. 

posterior lateral margins more finely and closely dentate ; femora 
in the male incrassate, inwardly granulate, in the female more 
slender ; posterior tibiae dilated on each side, in the male inwardly 
angulate near base. Abdomen beneath in male finely centrally 
tuberculate at the junction of the second and third, and strongly, 
robustly, transversely tuberculate at the junction of the third and 
fourth abdomiual segments ; in the female the abdomen is broader 
and unarmed. 

Length 34 to 36 ; breadth between pronotal angles 16 to 16| 
millim. 

Hah. Cvich^v {Wood -Mason); Ntiga Hills (Do/ier^y). 



342 



COREID.i:. 



Genus OCHROCHIRA. 

Oclirochira, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 39 (1873) ; Dist, A. M. N. H. 
(6) xii, p. 121 (1893). 

Type, 0. albiditarsis, "VVestw. 

Distribution. Himalayas, Assam, Burma, Borueo, China, and 
Japan. 

Differs from Mygdonia by the uon-tuberculate abdomen in the 
male ; the posterior tibioe are less dilated : the fourth joint of the 
antennae is longer than the third ; the lateral angles of the pro- 
notum moderatelv dilated. 



555. OchrocMra albiditarsis, WesUv. (Myctis) in Hope Cat. ii, p. 11 
(1842) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 44 (18/3). 



Ferruginous, finely greyishly pilose ; 
brane dark cupreous ; apical joint 



antennse, legs, and niem- 
of antenna?, anterior and 
intermediate tihise, and the 
tarsi ochraeeous ; antennae 
with the first, second, and 
third joints finely hirsute, 
the fourth more slender and 
pilose; pronotum with the 
lateral margins stronglv 
and coarsely dentate, the 
lateral angles prominently 
produced ; posterior femora 
in male incrassated, with 
a prominent spine beneath 
near centime, the apex of 
which is ochraeeous, and 
with a small apical cluster 
of short spines or teeth ; 
posterior tibise in male 

moderately dilated on both sides, inwardly angulated near base ; 

sternum with an obscure oblique ochraeeous fascia. 
Length 23 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 millim. 
Hah. Simla (CoU. Dist.). Sylhet {Stockholm Miis.). 




Fig. 208. — Oclirochira albiditarsis, (^ . 



556. Ochrochira aberrans, Dist. (Priouolomia) Ent. Month. Mag. 
XXV, p. 230 (1889) ; id. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 121 (1893). 

Mcde. Dark brownish; antennas (apical joint mutilated in type), 
membrane, and legs dark fuscous ; all the tarsi and the anterior 
and intermediate tibiae dark ochraeeous : body beneath chocolate- 
brown ; antennae with the basal joint longer than the second, 
which is also longer than the thii'd ; pronotum Avith the lateral 
margins finely and obtusely serrated, the lateral angles angularly 
produced and slightly directed upward, the base transversely 
channelled ; scutellum very prominently and coarsely wrinkled at 



OCHBOCHIE.^. 343 

base ; 230sterior femora robust, globose, and witb a very strong and 
prominent spine before apex, and a small obtuse tootli and some 
very small spines at apex ; posterior tibite flattened, finely ser- 
rated inwardly, and witb a prominent tooth neai- base. 

Female. Paler in hue, legs concolorous with body. 

Length, d" & $ 37 ; breadth between pronotal angles 14 to 
15 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Coll. BisL). Assam (Coll. Athinson). 

557. Ochrochira palliditarsis, Stdl, En. Ifem. ill, p. 44 (1873). 

This species I liave not seen. It is described from a female 
specimen only, and is evidently closely allied to 0. aberrans, Dist., 
but seems to be distinguished from that species by the greater 
expansion of tbe pronotal angles. 

Length 37 ; breadth between pronotal angles 16^ millim. 

Hab. North-east India (Signoret Coll., Vienna Mus.). 

558. Ochrochira pallescens, Dist. (Prionolomia) Ent. Month. Macj. 

XXX, p. 230 (1889). 

Brownisli-ochraceous ; membrane fuscous ; anterior and inter- 
mediate tibife, all the tarsi, and a somewhat long spine on posterior 
femora, luteous ; antennse brownish-ocbraceons, the apical joints 
luteous ; pronotum with the lateral margins and angles strongly 
serrated, the last broadly and somewhat upwardly produced, much 
more developed in female than in male, two small distinct 
nodosities near basal margin ; posterior tibiae in male inwardly 
angulated near base and thence finely serrated to apex ; in female 
a little more dilated, especially at apex. 

Length 26 to 27 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 14 
millim. 

Hab. Assam (Coll. Dist.). Cachar (Wood-Mason, Ind. Mus.). 

559. Ochrochira biplagiata. Walk. (Mictis) Cat. Ket. iv, p. 22 (1871) ; 

Bid. A. M. N. H. (G) xii, p. 121 (1893). 

Above ochraceous ; antennae, eyes, lateral dentation to pronotum, 
transverse strite to scutellum, membrane, body beneath, and legs 
fuscous ; apical joint of antennae and the tarsi pale ochraceous ; 
pi'onotum with a somewhat distinct central longitudinal impression, 
the lateral dentation more obtuse than in 0. lyallescens, and the 
lateral angles a little less produced ; posterior femora in the male 
incrassated, inwardly with a few ver}^ coarse granulations and a 
strong spine about one-third before apex, in the female simple ; 
posterior tibiae in the male moderately dilated and inwardly angu- 
late near base, in the female simple. 

Length 26 to 27 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 12^ 
millim. 

Hab. Nepal. Sikhim (Coll. Dist.). Khasi Hills (Chennell). 
Burma (Coll. Dist.). 



344 COEEID^. 

560. Ochrochira nigroriifa, Walk. (Phvsomerus) Oaf. Het. iv, p. GO 

(1871) ; Bht. A. M. N. B. (6) xii, p. 121 (1893). 

Allied to the preceding species (0. biplagiata), from which it 
differs hy the mucli less produced pronotal angles, which have 
their posterior margins obliquely straight, not dentate ; the 
lateral pronotal dentation less profound ; spine to posterior femora 
in the male slightly longer; in general appearance more resembling 
a species of the genus Mictis. 

Length 25 to 28 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to 9^ 
laillim. 

Hah. KhasiHWls (CJienndl). Burma; Karennee (Fea, Doherti/), 
Euby Mines {Doherty). 

This species varies in frequently having the colour above of a 
dark reddish-ochraceous ; the central longitudinal impression to 
the pronotum sometimes fuscous ; while in other examples the disk 
of the corium is more or less fuscous. 

Genus MICTIS. 

Mictis, Leach, Zool Misc. i, p. 92 (1814) ; Amy. S^- Serv. Hem. p. 189' 

(1843). 
Myctis, Westiu. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 10 (1842). 
Cerbus, Halm, Wanz. 2ns. i, pi. 1, f. 1 (1831) ; Burm. Handh. 2, i, 

p. 339 (1835). 
Subg. Aspilosterna, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 46 (1873). 

Ty]ie, J/, iirofana, Fabr., an Australasian species. 

Distrlhutioii. Ethiopian, Oriental, Australasian, and Eastern 
Palsearctic Regions. 

In this genus the posterior tibise are not dilated on both sides, 
and only inwardly dentate in the male ; the abdomen beneath is 
distinctly tuberculate in the male ; the pronotum is anteriorly 
provided with a more or less distinct collar. 

561. Mictis tenebrosa, Fahr. (Cimcx) Mant. ii, p. 288 (1787); I)ist.. 

P. Z. >S. 1901, i, p. 327. 
Cerbus unibilicatus, Hen\-ScJi. Wanz. Ins. \i, j). 29, pi. 190, f. A 

(1842) ; id. t. c. p. 51, f. 611. 
Myctis fasciatus, Wcstw. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 11 (1842). 
Mictis nigricornis, DaU. List Hem. ii, p. 400 (1852). 
StoU, Pun. f. 277. 

Greyish-brown or brownish-ochraceous ; antennae, legs, and 
body beneath somewhat darker in hue ; abdomen above black, 
with two large central ochraceous spots sometimes narrowly 
connected : posterior femora in the male strongly curved and 
incrassated, in the female much less curved and only moderately 
thickened : postei'ior tibise in the male inwardly strongly dentate 
before middle, thence serrated to apex, in the female slender and 
non-dentate ; abdomen beneath in male with the median apex of 
second abdominal segment produced into a long ilat rounded 



MICTIS, 



345 



tubercle, with a small rounded tubercle on the same segment 
behind each posterior coxa ; tarsi ]5ale ferruginous ; pronotum 
with the lateral margins finely serrated, the lateral angles mode- 
rately prominently subacutely rounded. 

Length 23 to 26 ; breadtli between pronotal angles 8 to 9 
millini. 




Fig. "209.— Mict is iencbrosa, S- 

Hah. Sikhini. Assam; Margherita [Tnd. Mus.). Khiisi Hills 
(ChenneU). Sibsiigar (Peal). Burma; Akyab (Ind. IIus.), Palon, 
Bhamo, Ivarennee (Fea) ; Tavoy (Ind. Mtis.). — Also found in the 
Malay Peninsula and China. 

562. Mictis gallina, Ball. List Hem. ii, p. 403 (1852). 

Above greyish-brown ; antennae, legs, and body beneath some- 
what dark castaueous ; membrane piceous ; abdomen above black, 
with two large subbasal ochraceous spots, and a narrow elongate 
lateral ochraceous spot on each side at the junctions of the fourth 
and fifth and fifth and sixth segments ; body elongate, pronotal 
lateral angles moderately prominent, their apices subacute and 
slightly recurved, pronotal lateral margins finely serrate ; apex 
of scutelkim ochraceous ; posterior femora in male very much 
incrassated and apically thickened, in female apically incrassated 
but less prominently so than in male ; posterior tibiae in male 
dentate inwardly at about one-third from apex, in the female 
simple ; abdomen beneath in male with a strong conical tubercle 
on each side of basal disk of second segment. 

Length 25 to 26 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to 10 
millim. 

JJab. Burma; Palon (Fea), Taoo (Coll. Dist.). Tenasserim ;. 
Myitta (Doherty). 



346 COBEID^. 

563. Mictis macra, Smi, Ann. Soc. Lnt. Ft\ 1865, p. 173. 

Closely allied to M. (jallina, but with the posterior legs more 
slender, the femora in the male of the same shape but much less 
thickened, the posterior tibia) iu the male also less broadly dentate ; 
abdominal tubei'cles beneath in male as in M. galUna. 

Length 2'3 to 24 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to 9 millim. 

Bab. Sylhet (StocJcJiolm Miis.). Mei'gui (Ind. Mus.). — Also found 
in the Malay Peninsula. 

564. Mictis pictor, Fabr. (Lyg-jeus) Fid. Si/st. iv, p. 138 (1794) ; Stal, 

Hem. Fabr. i, p. 44 (1868). 

Dull ochraceous, uuicolorous ; pronotum densely punctate and 
slightly rugulose ; scutcllum transversely striate ; corium with 
the veins and scattered speckles piceous ; membrane brassy- 
brown ; pronotum with the lateral angles modei'ately prominent, 
the lateral margins serrated. 

The above description is taken from two female specimens in my 
own collection, and Stal (sujjra) only describes the same sex. 
M. jnctor may be recognized by its great length and breadth and 
distinct coloratiou. 

Length 30 to 32 ; breadth between pronotal angles 12 to 14 
millim. 

Hah. Assam; Margherita {Doherty), Kh;isi Hills (ChenneU). 

Genus ANOPLOCNEMIS. 

Anoplocoemis, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 47 (1873). 
Mictis (Div. 1), Dall. List Hem. ii, p. 386 (1852) ; Stdl (part.), Hem. 
Afr. ii, p. 27 (186.5). 

Type, A. curvipes, Fabr., an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Kegions. 

A genus closely allied to Jlictis, but at once separated by the 
structure of the posterior tibiae, which are in both sexes unarmed ; 
the abdomen beneath in the male is very strongly gibbously 
tuberculate. 

565. Anoplocnemis phasiana, Fabr. (Lygaeus) /S^^ec. Ins. ii, p. 361 

(1781 ) ; Dist. A. M. A. H. (7) vi, p. 373 (1900) ; id. P. Z. ,S. 1901, 
p. 327. 

Lygfeus grossipes, Fabr. S>/st. Rliyng. p. 205. 11 (1803). 
Cerbus tumidipes, Herr.-Sch. TVanz. Ins. vi, p. 54, f. 614 (1842). 
Mictis punctum, alRDis, bicolor, Westio. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 10 (1842). 
Mictis duhia, castanea, lata, Ball. List Hem. ii, pp. 389 & 390. 13, 

14, 15 (1852). 
Myctis ferrifera, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 24. 57 (1871). 
Phvsomerus jnictifortois, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 61. 8 (1871). 
Stoll, Fun. ff. 68 & 69. 

Variable in colour — ochraceous, castaneous, piceous, or piceous 
v\ ith the corium castaneous ; abdomen above sanguineous, with the 
margins aud apex piceous ; antennae fuscous or piceous, with the 



ANOPLOCNEMIS, 



347 



apical joint ochraceous, more. or less shaded with fuscous for a little 
beyoud base ; extreme apex of scutellum ochraceous ; margins of 
odoriferous apertures ochraceous ; posterior femora in male much 
curved at base, thence strongly incrassated, inwardly broadly dentate 
near apex, outer margin linearly serrate, iu the female only mode- 
rately incrassate inwardly and outwardly finely linearly serrate, 
moderately acutely dentate near apex. Abdomen beneath in male 
with the second and third segments gibbous, and lobately tuber- 
culateat their juuction ; iu the female gibbous but not tuberculate, 
the centre of the posterior margin of the second segment slightly 




Fig. 210. — Anoplocncmis 'phasiana, (S . 

truncately produced ; in both sexes the segraeutal margins are 
more or less distinctly ochraceous. 

Length 22 to 28 ; breadth between prouotal angles 7 to 10 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Ind. Mas.). Khtisi Hills (Cheiinell) ; Naga Hills 
(Butler) ; Sibsagar (Lid. 2Ius.). Bomhsiy (Leith) ; Bar Ghat (Divon). 
M-dlabar {Coll. 'Blst.). Bangalore (Camero^i). Trivandrum. Ceylon 
( Green). Burma ; Palon (Feci). Tenasserim ; Tavoy (Lid. Mus.). 
Sinkip Isld. (lad. Mus.).— A\so found in the Malay Peninsula and 
many islands of the Malay Archipelago. 

In Ceylon this species' as recorded by Mr. G-reen, both in the 
adult and immature stages, occurs frequently on the young shoots 
of Erythrina litliosperma, puncturing the extremities of the shoots, 
thus causing them to wilt and witlier. On Mr. Green once 
attempting to closely observe a male feeding, it ejected a jet of 
fluid backwards to a distance of fully eighteen inches. The jet 
appeared to proceed " «?> «no "(' Entomologist,' xxxiv, p. 115). 
On the Bor Ghat, Mr. Dixon collected specimens on the flowers of 
Phaylopsis parviflora Willd.* 



* HoT-E.—ifictis protractus, Herr.-Sch. Wanz. Ins. ix, p. 247 (1853), judging 
from the description, is a synonym of Ano'plocnemis phasiana, Fabr. 



34S coeeim:. 

5UG. Anoplocnemis compressa, Ball, (Mictis) Lis^t Hem. W, p. 388 

(18.-,2). 

Body above and beneath cinnamomeous ; legs pale castaneous ; 
abdomen above black, its margins and apex brownish, and with 
two large subbasal ochraceous spots ; antennae castaneous or 
piceous, the apical joint with a broad subbasal ochraceous annu- 
lation ; postei'ior femora in the male much curved at base, and 
thence strongly incrassated, broadly dentate on inner margin near 
apex, in the female only moderately incrassate ; abdomen beneath 
in the male with the second and third segments moderately gibbous 
and at their junction centrally lobately tuberculate, in the female 
gibbous but not tuberculate. 

Length 23 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 to 8 millim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Khasi Hills (Chennell). 



Lijga-us 2)hasianiis Wolff (nee Fabr.) Icon, ii, p. 72, f. 69 (1801), 
is apparently a species of Anoplocnemis, described as " ex India 
orieutali.'" I have never seen this species, and its habitat is too 
vague for its definite insertion in the fauna of British India. 

Division PET ASC EL ARIA. 

In this Division the anterior femora have on the under surface a 
double series of small spines, or they are spined on each side at apex,^ 
or unarmed ; the lateral lobes of the head are widely separated at 
their apices : the posterior coxte remote from each other ; the 
abdominal spiracles large and transverse ; and the posterior femora 
incrassated. 

About eight genera of Petascelaria are at present recognized, all 
of which with one exception (PetilUa) belong to the Ethiopian 
Eegion. 

Genus PETILLIA. 

Petillia, Stdl, Hem. Afr. ii, p. 2 (1805) ; id. En. Hem. iii, p. 54 (1873). 
Trematocoris, Maxjr, Yerli. ::.-b. Gcs. Wien, xv, p. 431 (1865). 

Type, P. tracjus, Pabr. 

Distribution. Oriental and Ethiopian Regions. 

Posterior tibise moderately dilated ; abdominal spiracles large and 
transverse ; anterior femora beneath with a double series of spines 
on apical area ; head shortly produced in front of eyes, near central 
lobe with two short longitudinal impressions, lateral lobes widely 
separated at apices ; posterior tibiae beneath in the male dentately 
produced. 

567. Petillia tragus, Fcthr. (Cimex) Mant. n, p. 288 (1787) ; Wolff 
(Lygffius), Icon, v, p. 194, f. 188 (1811) ; Herr .-Schdff. (Cerbus) 
Wanz. Ins. vi, p. 73, f. 641 (1842). 
Stoll, Fun. f. 276. 

Brownish-ochraceous : pronotum with scattered tuberculous 



PETILLIA. 349 

black spots on disk, and two transverse black spots on anterior 
area, the lateral angles strongly anteriorly produced, souiewhat 
lunate, their apices subacute and extending just beyond a line 
drawn across the apex of the head, anterior lateral margins 
obtusely blackly dentate, posterior lateral margins of produced 
angles distinctly serrate ; outer claval margin, posterior and 
anterior lateral margins, and veins of corium luteous ; mem- 
brane cupreous : body beneath ochraceous, with numerous black 
tuberculous spots ; margins of the transverse abdominal spiracles 
bkick ; posterior tibia) inwardly obtusely angulate, w ith an obscure 
luteous spot near base. 

Length 26 to 28 ; breadth between apices of pronotal angles 
11| millim. 

Hah. North-east Bengal {Coll. Bist.). — China. 

This is a species generally received from China, but of which 
a female specimen from N.E. Bengal is in my own collection. It 
may be distioguished from the other species of the genus here 
•enumerated by the strongly anteriorly produced pronotal angles. 

508. Petillia lobipes, Westic. (Myctis) in Hope Cat. ii, p. 11 (1842). 

Above and legs pale brownish, moderately ocbraceously pilose ; 
body beneath ochraceous; pronotum with scattered black tuberctUous 
spots on disk and two obscure transverse black spots on anterior 
area, lateral angles somewhat broadly upwardly and horizontally 
produced, their apices subacute and slightly directed backwards, 
the anterior lateral margins and the margins of the produced 
angles distinctly darkly serrate ; a central fascia to bead and a 
shoi't basal lateral stripe to corium luteous ; veins of corium 
piceous ; membrane bronzy-brown ; posterior femora in the male 
strongly incrassated, with small scattered dark tubercles and with 
a few small spines beneath ; posterior tibiae dentately dilated near 
base and thence shortly spinous to apex, the dentate dilatation 
black with an ochraceous spot near base: body beneath with 
scattered small dark tuberculous spots, the surrounding areas of 
the intermediate and posterior coxae somewhat broadly piceous ; 
antennae fuscous. 

Length 26 to 28 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11;| millim. 

Hah. Karachi {Ind. Mus.). Bomba}' {Leith). — Also recorded 
from Java and China. 

569. Petillia notatipes, ^\'alk. (Trematocoris) Cat. Het. \\, p. :J4 
(1871). 

Closely allied to P. lobipes, but differing by the shorter and 
less produced pronotal angles in both sexes. 

Length 22 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9i millim. 
Bah. Calcutta {Coll. Bist.). 



350 coreidtE. 

570. Petillia patulicollis, IVafk. (Trematocoris) Cat. Ret. iv, p. 37 

(1871). 

Pale brownish or browuish-ochraceous, moderately ocbraceously 
pilose ; pronotuni finely darkly creuulate, the lateral angles broadly 
and somewhat convexly produced, their margins serrated and each 
terminating in a small spine directed backward ; membrane shining 
brassy-brown ; posterior femora somewhat strongly incrassated in 
both sexes, finely tuberculous above, spinous beneath ; posterior 




Fig. 211. — Petillia patidicollis. 

tibiae dilated on inner margin and very irregularly dentate, broadest 
near base, and most strongly spined a little before apex ; in the male 
there is a prominent spine on each side at base of metasteruum. 

Length 26 to 31 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 to 13 
miUim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Niiga Hills (C/tm^ieZ?)- 

571. Petillia valida, Ball. (Mictis) List Hem. ii, p. 398 (1852). 

Black, somewhat shining ; anterior and intermediate legs and 
the posterior tarsi ochraceous ; apices of the anterior and inter- 
mediate femora, bases and apices of the anterior and intermediate 
tibiae, and apices of all the tarsi black ; legs moderately ])ilose, 
anterior and intermediate femora with small black spines and 
tubercles ; posterior tibia) in the male dilated, inwardly^ gibbous and 
obsoletely spinous near base, then concave and serrated to about 
one-third before apex, where there is a very strong spine, thence 
spined to apex, the spines decreasing in length ; pronotal margins 
strongly serrated, the lateral angles moderately prominent, deflected, 
recurved, with an acute apical spine. 

Length 25 ; breadth between pronotal angles 11 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Parry, Brit. Mus.). 



DALADER. 351 

572. Petillia calcar, Ball. (Mictis) List Hem. ii, p. 397. 33 (1852) ; 

Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vi, p. 376 (1900). 
Trematocoris subvittata and vittata, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, pp. 34 & 

36. & 12 (1871). 
Melucha notatipes, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 56. 9 (1871). (Immature 
form.) 

Ochraceous or brownisli-ochraceous, obscurely pilose ; pronotiim 
with some scattered black tuberculous points and sometimes with 
distinct longitudinal dark fasciae, the lateral margins dai-kly serrate, 
the lateral angles only moderately produced, their apices pointed 
and slightly directed backward ; veins of the corium piceous ; 
posterior femora incrassated, more strongly so in males, with small 
scattered dark tubercles ; obsoletely spined beneath, and \^"ith a 
broad black central and apical annulation, much more distinct 
in some specimens than in others ; posterior tibiae inwardly 
dilated and strongly dentate, the two most prominent spines near 
base, where the dilatation is broadest : body beneath paler, with 
small scattered black spots ; connexivum alternately ochraceous 
and piceous. 

Length 22 to 27 ; breadth between pronotal angles 9 to 10 
niillim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Khiisi Hills (Chennell). Nciga Hills {Butler). 
Bombay (Zei<7j). Ceylon ( &V<?ew) . Burma; Bhamo, Palon (Fea), 
Upper Tenasserim {Coll. Hist.). — I possess a specimen from the 
Philippine Islands. 

Division DALADERARIA. 

Daladeraria, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 35 (1873). 

Daladeridse, part., Leth. S)- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. ii, p. 28 (1894). 

The Daladeraria differ from the Petascelaria in having the 
posterior coxse much nearer to each other, not widely separated ; 
the abdominal spiracles small and rounded; the posterior femora 
rarely incrassated or spined. The abdomen is broadly ampliated ; 
the second abdominal incisure is at the lateral areas moderately 
inclined forward, and the fourth distinctly recurved at the same 
position ; the abdominal spiracles on the central segments are 
much farther removed from their lateral than from their apical 
margins ; the antennae are long, the fii-st joint not shorter than 
the second and longer than the head; the rostrum reaches the 
centre of the mesosternum. 

A small Division containing only three or four genera, which, 
with one exception {Dalader), belong exclusively to the Ethiopian 
Eegion. 

Genus DALADER. 

Dalader, Amy. ^- Serv. Hem. p. 187 (1843) ; Ball. List Hem. ii, 
p. 377 (1852) ; StSl, Hem. Afr. ii, p. 1 (1865). 

Type, D. acuticosta, Amy. & Serv. 

Distribution. Oriental and Ethiopian Regions. 

Head moderately long, prominently cleft between the apices of 



So2 



cohbiviJe. 



the lateral lobes ; antennae cylindrical, the first joint a little the 
stoutest, third joint foliaceously dilated on each side ; pronotuin 
with the lateral angles always (sometimes strongly) dilated ; 
abdomen strongly dilated on each side; femora moderately 
thickened, granulate, more or less spinous beneath. 

^73. Dalader aciiticosta, Amy. ^- Sen: Hem. p. 188, pi. iv, f. 7 
(1843). 
StoJl, Pim. f. 183. 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and finely punctate ; antennae 
finely pilose, third joint foliaceously arapliated on each side, 




Fig. 212. — Dalader aciiticosta. 

fourth joint slender and a little paler in hue ; pronotum with 
small scattered tubercles, a distinct central longitudinal carina- 
tion, the lateral augles somewhat Innately produced, their apices 
obliquely truncate, the anterior lateral margins finely denticulate ; 
membrane with obscure scattered darker spots; abdominal dilata- 
tions with paler reflections on each segment ; sternum obsoletely 
1-rauulate ; abdomen distinctly and somewhat coarsely granulate. 

Length 28 to 31 ; breadth between pronotal angles 14^ to 
15 millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Jalpaiguri {Ind. Mus.). Sikhim ; Mungphu 
{Athhison Coll.). Assam ; Margherita (Doherty), Khasi Hills 
(CJienneU), Sibsdgar (inc?. Mus.). Burma; Arakan (Ind. Mus.), 
Karennee, Bhamo (i^e^rt). Tenasserim ; Thagata (i^m). 

574. Dalader planiventris, H'estw. (Acauonicus) in Hojje Cat. ii, 

p. 8 (1842). 
Dalader rotuiidicosta, Ami/, ^y Serv. Hem. p. 188 (1843). 

Allied to D. aciUicosta, from which it difi'ers principally by the 
structure of the produced pronotal augles, which are more hori- 
zontally and less Innately produced, their apices obtusely rounded 
and uioderately dentate before the anterior angles; the third 
joint of the antennae is also less Ijroadly dilated. 



BEACHYTBS. 353 

Length 23 to 28 ; breadth between pronotal angles 13 to 
14| millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Assam ; Margherita {Dolierty), Sibsagar {Iml. 
Mas.). Bombay (Leith). Nilgiri Hills (Ind. 3It(,s.). Ceylon 
■{Green). Burma; Karenuee (Doherfi/, Feci), Palon {Fea), Mergiii, 
Tavoy {Lid. JIus.). — Also found in the Malay Peninsula and 
Sumatra. 

575. Dalader rubiginosus, Westw. (Acauonicus) in Hope Cat. ii, p. 8 
(1842). 
Dalader parvulus, BisL A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 122 (1893). 

Fuscous or reddish-ochraceous, somewhat thickly and finely 
punctate ; antennje black or piceous, pilose, the basal joint gene- 
rally more or less brownish-ochraceous, third joint moderately 
foliaceously dilated ; pronotum with a distinct central longitudinal 
carination, the lateral angles broadly, obtusely angularly, and hori- 
zontally produced, lateral margins finely serrate ; membrane 
brov^'nish or piceous ; apex of scutellum paler in hue ; legs and 
body beneath mottled with testaceous. 

Length 17 to 20; breadth between pronotal angles Qh to 
8 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Ruby Mines (DoJicHi/), Teinzo, Bhamo, Palon 
'(Fea). 

Westwood gave as tlie habitat of his species " India orientalis." 
It was probably from Burma. 



Division BRACHYTARIA. 

Bracliytaria, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 35 (1873). 

Daladeridfe, part., Leth. S)- Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. ii, p. 28 (1894). 

In this Division the antennae are shorter and thicker than in the 
Daladei'aria, the first joint shorter than the second, not longer 
than the head ; rostrum not, or slightly, extending beyond the 
.anterior coxae. 

This Division consists of two or three genera, one of which is 
recorded only from British India. 



Genus BRACHYTES 
Brachytes, Westw. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 8 (1842). 

Type, B. hieolor, Westw. 

Distrihution. British India. 

Head moderately long, cleft between the apices of the lateral 
lobes ; antennae stout, subgranulose, basal joint not longer than 
head, much shorter than second joint ; pronotum with the lateral 
angles rounded ; lateral margins of the abdomen broadly dilated ; 
legs moderate, femora not prominently incrassated ; rostrum just 
passing the anterior coxae. 

VOL. I. 2 A 



354 



COEEIDiE. 



576. Brachytes bicolor, Westw. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 8 (1842). 

Ochraceous or reddish-ochraceous ; head, antennse, two trans- 
verse spots, generally fused, on anterior area of pronotuni,. 




Fig. 213. — BracJiyfes hicolor. 

scutellum, a spot, sometimes connected by a line with the base, on 
apical area of corium, membrane, segmental fasciae and apex to 
connexivum, sternum, legs, segmental fasciae to abdomen, some- 
times connected on lateral areas, and the stigmata black ; lateral 
margins of sternum ochraceous ; pronotum and corium coarsely 
punctate ; scutellum, body beneath, and legs finely granulose. 

Leuo-th 22| to 25 : breadth between pronotal angles 9 millim. 

Hab. Assam {Coll. Dist.). Bombay; Bor Ghat (Divon). Ban- 
galore. Ceylon {Temj^ileton). 

Division HOMCEOCERARIA. 

HomcBOceravia, StSl, En. Hem. iii, p. 35 (1873). 
Homceoceridce, Leth. Sf Sev. Cat. Gen. Hem. ii, p. 35 (1894). 

The Homceoceraria differ from the two previous Divisions by 
having the abdomen very rarely ampliated, usually elongate ; the 
second and fourth abdominal incisures at their lateral areas straight 
or very obsoletely curved ; spiracles of the central abdominal 
sec^meiits not farther removed from their lateral than from their 
apical margins ; first joint of the antennae a little shorter than the 
second, the two rarely of equal length. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Central lobe of head distinctly deflected be- 
tween the lateral lobes, 
a. Anal abdominal segment in female, as seen 
above, three times, or nearly three times, 
as broad as long. 

a. Pronotal angles very strongly anteriorly [p. 368. 

produced Feacastorius, 

b. Pronotal angles rounded or slightly pro- [p. 365. 

minent, not anteriorly produced Homceoceihts, 



HOM(EOCBEUS. 355 

B. Central lobe of head not deflected between 
the lateral lobes, 
b. Anal abdominal segment in female, as seen 

above, about twice as broad as long Aschistus, p. 369. 

Genus HOM(EOCERUS. 

HomcBOcerus, Burm. Handb. \\, 1, p. 316 (1835) ; Dall. List Hem. 

ii, p. 438 (1852) ; St8,l, En. Hem. iii, p. 57 (1873). 
Ceratopacliys, Westiv. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 22 (1842). 
Prismatocerus, Ajny. S^- Serv. Hem. p. 185 (1843). 
Pbilonus, DaU, List Hem. ii, pp. 438 & 448 (1852). 
Oruytus, part.. Dull. List Hem. ii, pp. 438 & 447 (1852). 
Tliponius, Sf8l, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1859, p. 464. 
Anacauthus, Uhler, Proc. Ac. Philad. 1860, p. 227. 
Anacanthocoris, Uhler, op. cit. 1861, p. 287. 
Diodes & Tagus, Stdl, Hem. Afr. ii, pp. 5, 67 & 68 (1865). 

Type, ff. puncticornis, Burm., from the Philippines. 

DistrihiUion. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Eastern Palsearctic 
Eegions. 

The characters given for the diagnosis of the Homceoceraria 
are the principal points in the distinction of this large and 
variable genus, which is not only the type of the Division but by 
far its largest constituent. A number of generic divisions have 
from time to time been proposed, as may he seen by the synonymy; 
but by general consent these have been considei-ed untenable, for 
though applicable to some small groups of species, they break down 
when used for others which are decidedly connecting-links bet\Aeen 
the sections. The same difficulty is found in making sectional 
divisions of the species. The comparative lengths of the third and 
fourth joints of the rostrum undoubtedly create two sectional 
characters ; but beyond this I have been unable to formulate an 
analytical synopsis. There is a gradual transition from species 
having the pronotal angles well developed, with long and slender 
antennae, to others in which those angles are not prominent, 
combined with much shorter antennae, the last joint of A^'hich 
tends to become shortened and thickened ; the body also, from 
being elongate and straight, approaches a shorter and more 
laterally dilated formation. 

The genus is concentrated in the Oriental Region, is fairly repre- 
sented in the Ethiopian Region, and just enters the Palsearctic 
Region in China and Japan, and again in Sind. 

A. Rostrum u'itJi the third joint longer than the fourth. 

577. Homoeocerus inornatus, Stal, En. Heiti. iii, p. 58 (1873). 

Ochraceous ; antennae very pale castaneous ; meso- and meta- 
sterna with a very small fuscous spot on each lateral area ; 
membrane obscure hyaline, with the basal angle piceous ; antenna) 
with the first and second joints longest, second a little longer than 
the first, third joint subequal in length to the first, fourtti shortest ; 

2a2 



356 



COEEID.E, 



pi'onotum with the lateral angles moderately and subacutely pro- 
duced, between them the disk is sometimes indistinctly iufuscated; 
abdomen in the female slightly ampliated. 

Length 13 to 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 
4| millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.). Pondicherry (Stocl-JiQlm Mas.). 
Burma ; Rangoon (Brit. Mus.). — Also recorded from China. 

578. Homceocerus signatus, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 97. 19 (1871) ; 
Kirby^ J. Linn. iSoc, Zool. xxiv, p. 91 (1891). 
Homceocerus biplagiatua, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 59 (1873). 

Ochraceous ; a broad basal fascia to the pronotum between the 
lateral angles and the coriura pale castaneous ; corium with a 




Fig. 214. — Homoeoccrus signatus. 

large transverse macular spot at inner angle and the lateral 
margins luteous ; head with a narrow fascia on each side before 
eyes, and the subgranulous lateral margins of the pronotum, 
black ; antenna; with the first and second joints pale castaneous, 
third joint luteous, apices of second and third joints black, second 
joint longer than the first, third a little shorter than first ; meso- 
and metasterua with a black spot on each lateral area ; lateral 
angles of the pronotum moderately and subacutely produced. 

Length 19 to 21 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Knyvett). Bombay (Leith). Khandala {Dixon). 
Ceylon {Templeton Sf Green). 

Mr. Dixon writes me that at Khandala he found this species to 
be nocturnal and very fond of brilliant light. 

•579. Homceocerus sigillatus, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 59 (1873). 

Closely allied to the two preceding species, but differing by the 
more slender antennae, the luteous spot to the corium smaller, not 
transverse, but posteriorly oblique and confined to the inner 
angular area. 

Length 14 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 6 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Hist.); Mungphu (Coll. Atkinson). 



HOMCEOCEETJS. 



35^ 



oSO. Homceocerus prominulus, Dall. (Ceratopaehys) List He7n. ii, 
p. 501 (1852). _ _ 
Ceratopaehys vicinus, Dall. loc. cit. 

Head, pronotum, body beneath, and legs ochraeeous ; a trans- 
verse fascia between the lateral angles o£ the pronotum and the 
corium castaneous ; scutellum, and a large ochraeeous spot at 
inner angle of corium, ochraeeous ; connexivum ochraeeous spotted 
with castaneous ; membrane cupreous, piceous at base ; head with 
a short black fascia at inner margin of eyes ; antennae robust, first 
joint pale castaneous, second ochraeeous, with the base narrowing 
and the apex broadly piceous, third joint ochraeeous with the 
apical half piceous, first and third joints subequal in length, second 
longest; pronotum deflected antei'iorly, lateral angles subprominent ; 
connexivum exposed. 

Length ] 5 to 17; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 5| millim. 

Hah. North Bengal. Bombay {Brit. Mus.). Ceylon {Green). 

Closely allied in appearance to H. signatus : antennre shorter and 
more robust ; pale spot to corium much broader posteriorly. 

581. Homceocerus variabilis, Ball. (Ceratopaehys) List Hem. ii, 

p. .502 (1852). 

Tliponius insignieornis, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. ForJi. 1859, p. 465. 
Homceocerus anticus, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 98. 25 (1871). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum ochraeeous or greeuish- 
ochraceous ; lateral margins of the head and pronotum and a broad 
basal fascia between the pronotal lateral angles dark castaneous ; 
corium more or less shaded with castaneous, the anterior-lateral 
and apical margins and a marginal spot at inner angle pale luteous ; 
membrane dark bronzy ; body beneath and legs pale ochraeeous, 
apices of femora, the tibiae and tarsi castaneous : antennae stout, 
dark castaneous, bases of second and third joints luteous, first and 
third joints subequal in length, second a little the longest, fourth 
shorter, third somewhat dilated at apex ; pronotum with the 
lateral angles subprominent. 

Length 13 to 16 : breadth between pronotal angles 4| to 5 millim. 

Hah. North India {Brit. Mus.). Madras {Coll. Hist.). 

582. Homceocerus rosaceus, sp. n. 

Allied to H. variabilis, but much smaller : head and pronotum 
without the dark lateral or basal fasciae ; corium rosaceous, not 
castaneous, the inner pale luteous spots minute; femora- wholly 
ochraeeous ; antennae paler in hue, with the second and third joints 
distinctly sulcate ; rostrum with the third joint slightly longer than 
the fourth. 

Length 12: breadth between pronotal angles 3 millim. 

Hab. Sind ; Karachi {Coll. Dist.). 



358 COKEID^. 

B. Rostrum with the third and fourth joints equally long, or third 
joint a little shorter than fourth. 

583. Homceocerus cordiger, Stal (Tlipouius), Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1859, 
p. 465 ; id. En. Hem. iii, p. 63 (1873). 

I have not seen this species. Stal describes it as not very 
distinguishable from H. promimdus, as allied to H. signatus and 
sigillatus by the punctuation and coloration of the hemelytra, but 
as differing from all these species by having the third and fourth 
joints of the rostrum equally long. 

Length c? 14 millim. 

Hab. Tranquebar. 

584:. Homceocerus walkeri, Kirb;/, J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 91 (1891). 
Homceocerus fascifer, var. r", Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 94 (1871). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, basal lateral margins of corium, 
body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; central punctures and a lateral 
fascia to head on each side before eyes subgranulose, lateral 
margins and a broad basal fascia between lateral angles of pro- 
notum and the corium purplish-brown ; two small spots, placed 
transversely and sometimes analgamated at inner angle of corium, 
luteous : antennae pale castaneous, apical joint inf uscated, apices 
of second and third joints piceous, first joint much shorter than 
second and slightly longer than third, the apex of which is a little 
dilated ; lateral angles of the pronotum moderately subacutely 
prominent. In some varietal forms the spots to the corium are 
practically absent. 

Length 18 to 19 ; breadth between prouotal angles 5| to G 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {AtMnson Coll.). Assam ; Margherita (Doherti/), 
Khtisi Hills {Chennell), jSaga Hills {Ind. Mus.). Ceylon {Green). 
Burma; Bhamo, Metanja, Palou (i^m). Tenasserim ; Taoo (CoZ?. 
Dist.). 

585. Homceocerus lacertosus, Dist. But. Month. Mag. xxv, p. 230 
(1889) 

Greenish or greenish-ochraceous ; body beneath, antenna?, eyes, 
and legs ochraceous ; lateral margins of the pronotum narrowly 
reddish-ochraceous ; corium with a small whitish levigate spot 
situate a little before the apical margin ; abdomen above brownish- 
ochraceous ; antennae moderately robust, first joint shorter than 
second which is longest, third and fourth joints shortest and sub- 
equal in length ; apical joint cylindrical and moderately thickened ; 
pronotum with the lateral angles subacutely prominent. 

Length 21 ; breadth between prouotal angles 6| to 7 millim. 

Hah. Oudh ; Shahabad (^^^"insoji Co??.j. N.W.P. ; Saharanpur 
{Coll. Dist.). 



UOMCEOCERUS. 359 

586. Homoeocerus atkinsoni, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 10 (1901). 

Ochraceous, thickly and coarsely punctate, the punctures black 
on the corium and scutellum, and forming a more or less distinct 
transverse fascia between the lateral angles, three somewhat 
indistinct discal longitudinal lines, and distinct lines on the extreme 
lateral margins of the pronotnm : body beneath and legs ochra- 
ceous, darkly punctate ; a small fuscous spot on each lateral area 
of the meso- and metasterna, the stigmata and small abdominal 
spots of the same colour ; spots near coxae and posterior margin 
of metasternum luteous ; antennae black, fourth joint fuscous with 
its apex ocliraceous, second joint longest, first, third, and fourth 
joints subeqnal in length ; lateral angles of the pronotum 
subacutely prominent; abdomen broader than hemelytra beyond 
their middle ; lateral margins and apex of scutellum and margins 
and venation of corium levigate ; internal angle of the membrane 
fuscous. 

Length 13 to 14 ; breadth between prouotal angles Ah to 5 
millim. 

Hah. Assam {Athimon Coll.). Naga Hills {Dohertij). 

587. Homoeocerus tinctiis, Dist. A. 31. N, II. (o) xi, p. 170 (1883), 

Ochraceous, thickly and finely darkly punctate ; antennae pale 
castaneous, first joint shorter than second which is longest, third 
and fourth subequal in length, second and third slightly infuscated 
near their apices, fourth, excluding basal third and apex, sub- 
infuscated ; membrane pale fuliginous hyaline, with the internal 
area black ; abdomen above pale reddisli : body beneath and legs pale 
ochraceous ; pronotal angles subproiuinent and obtusely angulated. 

Length 14 to 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim {Coll. Dist.). Mergui {Anderson). 

588. Homoeocerus rubefactus, sp. u. 

Purplish-red, coarsely blackly punctate ; on the pronotum these 
black punctures form a narrow lateral margin, a broad basal fascia 
between the lateral angles, a nari'ow central longitudinal line, on 
each side of which is a small subanterior and a larger discal spot ; 
antennte dark castaneous, second and thix'd joints more or less 
piceous, fourth joint brownish, second joint longest, first, third, 
and fourtli joints subequal in length ; head ochraceous, the disk 
blackly granulose ; membrane fuliginous : body beneath ochraceous, 
legs purplish-red ; sternum coarsely punctate, a small fuscous spot 
on each lateral area of meso- and metasterna ; stigmata and small 
spots on abdominal lateral areas black ; lateral pronotal angles 
broadly subacutely prominent, their apices slightly notched and 
upwardly recurved. 

Length 15 to 16; breadth between pronotal angles 4| to 5 
millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Palon, near Raugoon {tea). 



360 COREID^. 

589. Homceocerus biguttatus, Westw.in Hope Cat. ii, p. 22 (1842). 
Ilomceocerus sikkiiiiensis. Dist. Ent. Month. Mag. xxv, p. 231 

(1889). 

Ochraceous, legs and antennae somewhat darker ; membrane 
pale bronzy ; corium with a small obscure pale discal spot near 
the inner angle ; antennte pale castaneous, long and slender, first 
joint almost as long as the second, third a little longer than the 
fourth, which is cjiindrical, moderately thickened and pale 
ochraceous with its apical half fuscous ; body long, pronotum with 
the lateral angles only slightly and subacutely prominent ; body 
beneath pale shining ochraceous. 

Length 21 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim {Coll. Dist.). 

590. Homceocerus striicornis, Scott, A. M. N. H. (4) xiv, p. 362 (1874). 

Greenish or pale ochraceous ; antennae pale castaneous, the first 
and second joints exteriorly with a longitudinal black line, fourth 
joint stramineous with its apical half infuscated, first and second 
joints subequal in length, third shortest, considerably shorter than 
fourth ; pronotum long, the lateral margins with a fine black line, 
the lateral angles distinctly angulately prominent, the disk with an 
obscure central levigate line ; corium with a distinct subcostal 
black line : body beneath and legs paler in hue ; rostrum with the 
third joint considerably shorter than fourth. 

Length 17 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| to oh 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Assam. 'Bornhvij {Coll. Dist.), 'BovGhkt {Dixon). 
Ceylon {Green ^- Leivis). — Also found in Japan, whence it was 
first described. 

Mr. Dixon found this species at the Bor Ghat on Strohilanthes 
callosus, Nees. 

591. Homceocerus angulatus, fj'estw. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 22 (1842) \ 
Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p, 8 (1901). 
Homceocerus ciarus, mundus, & parallelus, iraUc. Cat. Hct. iv, 
pp. 94, 99, & 100 (1871). 

Ochraceous ; extreme lateral margins of pronotum, exterior 
elaval margins, a subcostal linear fascia to corium, and basal angle 
of membrane black ; pronotum with the anterior area almost 
impu.nctate, remaining surface coarsely punctate and subrugulose, 
lateral angles subacutely prominent, much more strongly so in 
some specimens than in others ; antenna long, very pale 
castaneous, first, second, and third joints with an outer black 
marginal line, basal joint about as long as pronotum and subequal 
in length to third and fourth joints, second joint longest, apical 
joint piceous, with its base broadly luteous ; rostrum with the 
third joint slightly shorter than the fourth. 



HOMCEOCERUS. 361 

Length 19 to 22 ; breadth between prouotal angles 6 to 8 milHm. 
Hah. Malabar {Brit. Mus.). — Common in the Malay Peninsula, 
Borneo, and Sumatra. 

592. Homceocerus subjectiis, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 97. 20 (1871). 

Pale ochraceous, finely and thickly punctate ; a basal fascia to 
pronotum between the lateral angles, a marginal claval fascia, and 
the posterior margin (narrowly) of the corium purplish-red ; a 
somewhat large rounded whitish spot at inner angle of corium : 
antennae pale castaueous, first and second joints longest and sub- 
equal in length, third shorter, fourth wanting in all the specimens 
examined ; pronotum with a faint central longitudinal line, the 
lateral angles obsoletely subangulately subpromiuent ; membrane 
pale, piceous at base and with a piceous spot on each lateral 
margin ; rostrum with the third joint slightly shoi'ter than the 
fourth. 

Length 17 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Assam {Coll. Dist.). The type was from ISiam. 

593. Homceocerus albiguttulus, Stal, En. Hein. iii, p. 61 (1873). 

Ochraceous or greenish-ochraceous ; corium with a small pale 
luteous transverse spot near inner angle broadly margined pos- 
teriorly with piceous ; antennae very pale castaneous, long, slender, 
second joint longest, first, third, and fourth joints subequal in 
length, fourth joint luteous with its apical half black ; corium darkly 
punctate, its lateral margins paler in coloration ; pronotum with a 
faint central levigate longitudinal line, the lateral angles subacutely 
prominent ; rostrum with the third and fourth joints subequal in 
length ; legs ochraceous, tibiae and tarsi usually more testaceous 
in hue. 

Length 16 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4^ to 5 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Khtisi Hills {CJtennell). Sibsagar {lad. Mus.). 
Burma ; Euby Mines {Dohertij), Karennee, Palon {Fea). — The 
type was described from Cochin China ; I possess specimens from 
the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. 

594. Homceocerus fasciolatus, St°d, En. Hem. iii, p. 60 (1873). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and darkly punctate, corium darker 
in hue ; posterior margins of the pronotum and the scutellum 
obscure luteous ; extreme lateral margins of the pronotum and 
corium, a transverse fascia, not reaching lateral margin, inner 
angle of corium, body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; membrane 
dark cupreous, piceous at base ; a small fuscous spot on each 
lateral area of meso- and metasterna ; antennae brownish, second 
joint longer than the first, third shorter than first ; rostrum with 



362 coREiD,!:. 

the third joint shghtly shorter than the fourth ; lateral angles of 
the pronotum obtusely angulately prominent, their apices slightly 
recurved upwardly. 

Length 13 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 
5 millim. 

Hah. Sikkim. Burma; Momeit (Z)o7? <?/•<//). 



595. Homceocerus albiventris, Ball. List Hem. n, p. 444 (1852) ; 

Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 61 (1873). 

Oehraceous, finely and darkly punctate ; corium unspotted, or 
with an obsolete pale spot close to the inner angle of the membrane ; 
between the pronotal lateral angles the punctures are a little 
darker or obsoletely reddish ; scutellum with the apex pale luteous ; 
membrane transparent, with the basal and inner margins and 
sometimes a spot on the outer margin brownish ; abdomen above 
bright carmine-red, with the apical portion and margins, or with a 
central median fascia, luteous : body beneath yellowish-white or 
pale oehraceous ; legs oehraceous ; antenna? oehraceous, apical 
joint brownish, luteous at base, first and fourth joints subequal in 
length ; rostrum with the third joint slightly shorter than the 
fourth ; lateral pronotal angles subacutely subprominent. 

Length IG to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 
6 millim. 

Hah. Bombay {Coll. DisL). Nilgiri Hills (Hamj^son). 

596. Homceocerus limbatipennis, Stal (Tliponius), dfv. Vet.-Ak. 

Fijrh. 1859, p. 404 ; id. En. Hem. iii, p. 60 (1873). 

Oehraceous, thickly and darkly punctate ; lateral margins of 
head and pronotum, a central line to head, the lateral margins 
of the corium and the connexivum, luteous ; subcostal margins 
and a small discnl spot beyond middle of corium black ; anteunce 
very dark oehraceous, basal joint sometimes paler, first, third, and 
fourth joints subequal in length, second a little the longest, fourth 
with its apex luteous ; membrane bronzy, basal margin piceous : 
body beneath and legs luteous ; a small spot on each lateral area 
of pro- and mesosterna, two similar spots on each side of meta- 
sternum, and a segmental series of spots on each side of abdomen, 
black ; rostrum with the third and fourth joints subequal in length ; 
lateral pronotal angles somewhat spinously prominent. 

Length 15 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 
5| millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karennee (-fl^a). Tenasserim; 'M.fxitii {Dolierty). — 
Found in the Malay Peninsula and in several islands of the Malay 
Archipelago. 



HOM(EOCEUUS. 363 

597. Homoeocerus punctum, Dull. List Hem. ii, p. 446 (1852) ; Stcll, 

En. Hem. iii, p; 01 (1873). 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and finely punctate, lateral mar- 
gins of the pronotum and corium usually more or less distinctly 
paler ; corium with a small whitish rounded spot near apical 
margin, usually but not always surrounded by piceous : body 
beneath and legs ochraceous, the central disk from head to apex 
of abdomen paler and scarcely punctate ; antennae ochraceous, 
covered with minute brown points, apices of the first, second, and 
third joints black, apex of fourtli joint infuscated, first, second, 
a,nd foui'th joints subequal in length, third a little the shortest ; 
rostrum with the third and fourth joints subequal in length. Body 
long, slender, elongate ; lateral angles of the pronotum rounded, 
not acutely prominent. 

Length 15 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim. Burma; Karennee (i^m). Tenasserim ; Myitta 
(Doherti/), Malewoon, Thagata {Fea). — Common in the Malay 
Peninsula ; I possess a specimen from Celebes ; it was described 
with doubt as from Corea. 

In some specimens the antennae are almost unicolorous. 

598. HomcBOcerus simiolus, sp. n. 

Ochraceous or brownish-ochraceous, sometimes with a purplish 
tinge, finely and darkly punctate ; antennaj very pale castaneous, 
apices of the first, second, and third joints obsoletely blackish, 
first joint slightly shorter than the pronotum, second longest, 
apical joint ochraceous, more or less infuscated ; pronotum with 
the lateral margins finely, blackly, subserrulate, the lateral angles 
subprominent ; corium unspotted, the lateral margins luteous : 
body beneath and legs pale luteous or greenish-luteous, meso- and 
metasterua with a small black spot on each lateral area; rostrum 
with the third and fourth joints subequal in length. 

Length LS-g to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 

Hab. Sikhim. Assam ; Khasi Hills (ChenneJI), Sibs;igar {Ind. 
Mus.). Tenasserim : Myitta {Dolurty). 

Allied to H. immaculijiennis, Stal, but differing by the black 
lateral pronotal margins, the spotted sternum, &c. 

599. Homceocerns graminis, Fahv. (Lygseus) Syst. Rhyng. p. 216. 55 

(1803) ; Sm, Hem. Fnh: i, p. 59 (1868). 
Homoeocerus turbidus, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 95. 15 (1871). 

Greenish or greenish-ochraceous, densely punctate above and on 
sternum beneath, abdomen much more faintly punctate ; a small 
spot near anterior angle of corium, and a fascia extending through 
each lateral area of the body beneath, whitish ; membrane pale 
bronzy, darker at base ; antennae long, pale castaneous, first and 
second joints longest, second a little longer than first, third shorter 



364 COREID^. 

than first aucl subequal in length to fourth ; pronotal lateral angles 
subpromineut ; rostrum with the third and fourth joints subequal 
in length. 

Length 17 to 20 ; bi'eadth between pronotal angles 4 to 
5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green). Khiisi Hills (Chennell). Tenasserim ; 
Myitta {Doherty). 

GOO. HomcEOcerus concisus, Walk. Cat. Het. \\, p. 97. 21 (1871). 

Dark chocolate-brown; lateral and basal margins of the pronotum^ 
lateral margins of the corium, counexivum, body beneath, and legs 
luteous ; autenniE with the first and second joints longest and 
subequal in length, third and fourth shorter and subequal ; 
pronotum about as long as broad at base, lateral angles subaugular 
bat not prominent ; membrane shining cupreous ; apices of tibiaj 
and the tarsi inf ascated ; rostrum with the third and fourth joints 
almost subequal in length. 

Var. a. Corium with a whitish lateral spot a little before apex. 

A^ar. h. Corium with a transverse whitish spot, not commencing 
on lateral border but continued to inner margin. 

Length 14 to 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 
4 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Mungphu {Coll. Dist.). Burma ; Karennee 
(i^m).— Siam {Brit. Mus.). 

601. HomcBOceriis macula, Dall. Lid Hem. 11, p. 445 (1852). 

Brownish-ochraceous ; thickly, finely, and darkly punctate ; 
posterior margin of the pronotum, apex of the scutellum, lateral 
margins of the corium, and a somewhat broad spot a little before 
its apex, body beneath and legs luteous ; antenutc castaneous, 
apical joint brownish-ochraceous, its base a little paler, first, third, 
and fourth joints almost subequal in length, second joint longest ; 
pronotum with a faint central levigate line, lateral angles rounded, 
not prominent ; a small black spot on the lateral areas of meso- 
and metasterna ; apex of rostrum black. 

Length 16 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| to 
5 1 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Hampson). Tenasserim {Coll. Dist.). 

602. Homceocerus sinicus, Walh. Cat. Het. iv, p. 98. 24 (1871). 

Ochraceous, somewhat coarsely punctate ; pronotum with the 
lateral margins somewhat piceous, and with a short central levigate 
line on its anterior disk ; antennae subgranulous, castaneous, 
second joint and apical half of third joint piceous, first joint about 
one-third longer than fourth, second longest, longer than third, 
third longer than first, first and fourth stoutish ; corium with the 
anterior lateral margin luteous : body beneath and legs luteous ; 
pro-, meso-, and metasterna with a minute fuscous spot on each 
lateral area. 



HOM(EOCERUS. 365 

Apparently closely allied to H. singalensis, but differing by the 
colour of the anteunse ; and the narrow piceous lateral margins to 
the pronotum. 

Length 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3| millim. 

Hab. Burma ; Ruby Mines {Doherty). — The ~type was from 
Hong Kong. 

603. Homceocerus singalensis, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 60 (1873). 
Tliponius ciug-alensis, Stdl, Ofv. Vei.-Ak. Forh. 1859, p. 465. 

" Palely sordidly flavescent, above very densely ferruginously 
punctate, an obsolete medial levigate line to pronotum ; antenna 
testaceous, fourth joint, excluding base, nigro-fuscous ; anterior 
lateral margin of the corium paler ; three small lateral punctate 
spots to sternum ; stigmata inf uscated ; antenmie with the fourth 
joint about one-third shorter than the tirst, which is a little longer 
than the head ; lateral angles of the pronotum obtusely slightly 
prominent, lateral margins straight: abdomen a little broader than 
the hemelytra." 

2 . Length 121 . lat. 3] millim. 

Hah. Ceylon. — Also recorded from Xorth China. 

I have not seen this species. 

604. Homceocerus perpimctatiis, sp. u. 

Luteous, somewhat thickly blackly punctate ; lateral margins 
of pronotum and corium somewhat broadly luteous ; eyes, a central 
longitudinal line to pronotum and the posterior margin, narroAvly, 
to same, apex of scutellum, margins of interior angles to corium, 
body beneath, and legs luteous ,; membrane bronzy-brown, distinctly 
piceous at base : antennte castaneous, finely black-speckled, 
subgranulose and very obsoletely pilose, first and second joints 
longest and subequal in length, third and fourth joints shortest 
and subequal, first and fourth joints stoutest ; lateral angles of 
pronotum very obsoletely and subangulately prominent ; sternum 
coarsely punctate, with a small fuscous spot on each side of meso- 
and metasterna. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Brit. Mus.). 

605. Homceocerus taprobanensis, sp. n. 

Brownish-ochraceous, thickly and rather darkly punctate ; head, 
pronotum, and scutellum with a central levigate line, which is 
somewhat obsolete on head ; lateral margins of the pronotum 
subserrulate and siibpiceous ; membrane bronzj^ : body beneath 
a,nd legs paler ochraceous ; a subfoveate pale longitudinal fascia 
on each lateral area, and the abdomen with several longitudinal 
series of black punctures ; sternum very coarsely punctate ; antennae 
brown, second joint longest, fourth slightly shorter than first; 



3(36 coEEiD.i:. 

rostrum with the third and fourth joiuts subequal iu length ; 
pronotal angles not prominent. 

Length 15; breadth between pronotal angles 4^ miilim. 

Hab. Ceylon {Green). 

606. Homceocerus nigridorsum, How. Termesz. FUzetek, 1889, p. 34. 

Eeddish-ochraceous, thickly and rather coarsely punctate ; pro- 
notimi with an obsolete central levigate line ; apex of scutellum and 
anterior lateral margins of corium pale ochraceous, impunctate ; 
head with a central infuscated sulcation ; antennae short, stout, 
second joint longest, fourtli shortest, shorter than first ; abdomen 
above black ; connexivum, two discal spots, an apical median line, 
and six small spots on each lateral area luteous : body beneath 
luteous, sternum coarsely punctate, legs reddish-ochraceous ; 
rostrum with the third joint slightly shorter than fourth ; lateral 
pronotal angles subprominent. 

Length 13 to 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4i miilim. 

Hah. Himalaya (3his. JS'at. Hungar.). Nilgiri Hills (Hampson), 

607. HomcBOcerus inontaniis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 11 (1901). 

Ochraceous ; apical joint of antennae (excluding extreme base) 
roseate ; apical area of corium more or less infuscated ; abdomen 
above ochraceous, with a double series of subquadrate sanguineous 
spots : antennae with the first and fourth joints incrassated, second 
joint longest, third slightly shorter than fourth, which is subequal 
in length to first joint ; body above coarsely punctate ; rostrum 
with the third joint shorter than fourth. 

Var. Posterior margin of the pronotum, clavus, and internal 
area of corium infuscated. 

Length 14 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 
5 miilim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (iiTrti^jJsoH). Kanara (CoZZ. Z)is<.). 

608. Homceocerus serrifer, Westiv. (Coreus) in Hopt Cat. ii, p. 24 

(1842); Disi. P. Z. S. 1901, i. p. 329. 
Homceocerus unipunctatus, Dall. {nee TJnmh.) List Hem. ii, p. 447 

(1852). 
Homceocerus parvulus, Walk. Cat. Het. ix, p. 101. 32 (1871). 

Ochraceous, thickly and somewhat darkly punctate ; corium with 
a small discal fuscous spot on the apical area ; lateral margins of 
the pronotum and basal lateral margins of conium pale luteous : 
body beneath and legs luteous ; a small fuscous spot on each 
lateral area of meso- and metasterna : abdomen \Aith a longi- 
tudinal series of small fuscous or blackish spots on each lateral 
area and some scattered spots of the same size and colour on disk ; 
antennae ochraceous or very pale castaneous, apices of second and 
third joints sometimes obsoletely fuscous, second joint longest, 



HOM(EOCBEUS. 367 

first and third subequal ia length, fourth shortest, much shorter 
than first ; pronotum with the lateral margins obsoletely serrate, 
the lateral angles moderately angulately prominent. 

Length 12 to 14; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 
4i millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (C7je»ne^Z). Ceylon (Z^^t-is). Burma; Karennee, 
Prome, Bhamo {Feci). Tenasserim ; Myitta (DoJiertt/). — Also 
found in the Malay Peninsula and Java. 

Very closely allied to H. unipunctams from China and Japan, 
but a narrower and slightly smaller species. 

609. Homceocerus marginiventris, Dolum, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, 

p. 402 (1860) ; Stal, En. Hem. ill, p. 59 (1873). 

Ochraceous, thickly brownly punctate, pronotum and scutellum 
with a central pale levigate line ; body beneath and legs ochra- 
ceous, sternum very coarsely punctate, and with a small fuscous 
spot on lateral area of each segment : abdomen subrugulose, 
nebulously fuscous-punctate, lateral margins above and beneath 
spotted with black ; antennse dull ochraceous, apex of first joint, 
the second joint, and sometimes third joint piceous, basal joint 
thickly covered with small black points, second joint longest, third 
a little longer and fourth a little shorter than first joint ; head 
with a prominent central jiiceous incision ; rosrrum with the third 
joint a little shorter than fourth, lateral pronotal angles sub- 
prominent. 

Length 121 to 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3^- millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green). 

Var. Antennse pale castaneous, apices of second and third 
joints black. 

Length 13^ to l^ millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Bhamo (Fea). 

610. Homceocerus laevilineus, StSl, En. Hem. iii, p. 60 (1873). 

Very closely allied to the preceding species, but margins of the 
abdomen luteous, unspotted ; anterior lateral margins of the corium 
distinctly luteous ; pronotal angles a little less prominent and 
more rounded. 

Length 11 to 14| ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 4 
millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (CJienneU). Bombay: Bor Ghilt (Dixon). 
Ceylon {Vienna Mas.). Burma ; Karennee, Metanja {Fea). 



Species doiihtfully recorded from British hidia. 
erus ahhreviatus, Fabr. {Li/r/ams) Ent. Syst. i 

Lethierry & Severin, in their Cat. Gen. He'm. ii, p. 35, give 



Homceocerus ahhreviatus. Fabr. {Lt/r/ams) Ent. Syst. iv, p 150 
51 (1794). 



368 



COREID.i:. 



^' India " as a habitat for this species, doubtless based on the 
" India orientalis " of Fabricius. It appears to be a Malayan 
species. 

Homoeocerus dilatatus, Horv. Term. Piizetek, 1879, p. 145, 
t. vii, f. 2. 

Lethierry & Severin (Cat. Gen. Hem. ii, p. 36) give as habitat of 
this species " India bor., Siberia or.," and, as they give a wrong 
bibliographical reference, have probably fallen into confusion. 
Horvilth's locality is China. 

Homoeocerus lineatus, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 97 (1871). 

A species recorded from Burma, but no specimen with the name 
can be found in Brit. Mus. collection. The species is therefore 
regarded as non-existent. 



Genus FEACASTORIUS, nov. 

Type, F. cornutus, Dist. 

Bistnhution. Burma. 

Central lobe of head deflected between the lateral lobes ; an- 
tennae with the first and second joints almost subequal in length, 
or with first slightly shorter than second ; pronotum with the 
lateral angles spinously and anteriorly produced, their apices 
about reaching a line through the eyes ; sixth abdominal segment 
in the female very prominently emarginate ; the female anal 
abdominal segment as seen above nearly three times as broad 
as long ; rostriim with the third joint shorter than the fourth. 

(ill. Fracastorius cornutus, sp. w. 

Ochraceous, thickly and rather darkly punctate ; lateral margins 

of head, anterior lateral margins 
and a central fascia to pronotum, 
fuscous ; a shorter and more ob- 
solete fascia on inner side of the 
])roduced angles, M'hich are for- 
wardly and acutely produced ; 
antennae very pale castaneous : 
membrane pale bronzy : body 
beneath luteous ; legs ochra- 
ceous ; sternum very coarsely 
punctate ; abdomen with a series 
of foveate spots on each lateral 
area. 
Length 21 to 22 ; breadth 
between apices of pronotal angles 
5 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Kuby Mines {DoherUj), Teinzo and Karenuee 
{Fea); Mergui ; Tavoy {Coll. Dist.). 




Fig. 215. — Fracasforius conintus. 



ASCHISXrS. 



3fi9 



Genus ASCHISTUS. 
Ascliistus, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 57 (1873). 

Type, A. hrevicornis, Dall. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

In this genus the central lobe of the head is not deflected ; 
the sixth abdominal segment in the female is posteriorly truncated, 
centrally emarginate, but not profoundly cleft ; the female anal 
abdominal segment as seen above about twice, not three times, 
broader than long ; hemelytra not reaching the apex of the 
abdomen. 

One species only is at present described. 



612. AscMstiis brevicomis, Ball. (Oryutus P) List Hem. u, p. 
(1852) ; StSl, En. Hem. iii, p. 63 (1873). 



448 



Elongate ; ochraceous, thickly and rather darkly punctate ; 
membrane brassy, hyaline, not reach- 
ing the apex of abdomen : body 
beneath and legs very pale ochra- 
ceous ; sternum very coarsely punc- 
tate, furrowed and ridged on each 
lateral area, a minute fuscous spot 
on each side of the meso- and meta- 
sterna ; abdomen finely, darkly 
punctate, with a series of foveate 
spots on each lateral area : antennae 
with the first, second, and third 
joints minutely dark-spotted ; first, 
third, and fourth joints subequal 
in length ; second joint longest : 
fourth cylindrical, infuscated to- 
wards apex. 




Fisf. 216. — Ascliistus hrevicornis. 



Length 15 millim. 

Hah. North Bengal {Brit. JShis.) 



Division CLORESMARIA. 
Cloresmaria, Stal., En. Hem. iii, p. 35 (1873). 

In this Division the posterior acetabula are somewhat pro- 
foundly detached from the posterior margin of the metasternum, 
their exterior margins being strongly out of line with those of the 
preceding acetabula; the area of the odorifei'ous apertures is 
transversely rugose, the odoriferous process elevated, but not 
reaching the anterior margin of the metasternum ; the posterior 
femora are thickened and spinose. 

VOL. I. 2 b 



370 



A. 



B. 



COREID-E. 

Synojisis of Genera. 



Itostruui about reaching the base of meso- 

steruum. Antennas with the first, second, 

and third joints of nearly equal length .... Notobitus, p. 370. 
Eostrum not reaching the base of mesosteruum. 

Antennae with the first joint shorter than the 

second Clokesmus, p. 373. 



Geaus NOTOBITUS. 

Xotobitus, Stal, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 18-59, p. 4ol ; id. En. Hem. iii, 
p. 65 (1873). 

Type, N. melecujris, Fabr. 

Distribution. Oriental Eegion and China. 

Anteuniferous tubercles widely separated ; anterior femora 
somewhat closely spined beneatli ; rostrum extending to the base 
of the mesosternum, the basal joint longest ; apex of the head 
slightly produced ; apex of prosternum not sulcated ; posterior 
coxa? unarmed ; antennae with the first, second, and third joints 
of nearly equal length. 

(•,13. Notobitus excellens, Dist. A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p. 129 (1879). 

Male. Head and pronotum brassy-black ; antennae with the 
first, second, and third joints subequal in length, brassy-black : 




Fig. 217. — Xofohitus cxccllcns. 

apical joint longest, luteous, with its apical half fuscous ; rostrum 
extending to about base of mesonotum, the last two joints obscure 
luteous ; pronotum finely granulate, lateral angles slightly promi- 
nent and rounded ; scutellum finely granulate, brownish towards 



ISOTOBITUS. 371 

apex ; corium browu, obscurely and faintly pilose ; membrane 
brassy-brown ; abdomen above black, with inconstant luteous 
markings : body beneath and legs brassy-black, anterior and 
intex'mediate tibise with their apical halves brownish, all the tarsi 
dull luteous ; posterior femora considerably iucrassated, finely 
granulous, inwardly obscurely tuberculate, and with a series of 
acute tubercles on upper surface, beneath with a strong and 
curved spine a little beyond middle, preceded and followed by 
some smaller spines ; posterior tibiae moderately curved, their 
inner margin denticulated. 

Female. Differs from the male in being uniformly pale brown 
above, and also paler in hue beneath ; legs also generally paler 
than in the other sex. 

Length 23 to 30 ; breadth between pronotal angles 8 to 9 
millim. 

Hah. 8ikhim {Ind. Mus.) ; Mungphu {Atlinson Coll.). Khasi 
and Naga Hills {Chemiell). 

014. Notobitus meleagris, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. ii, p. 207. 179 (1787) ; 
Wolff (Lygfeus), Icon, i, p. 2-3, f. 23 (1800) ; Burm. (Nematopiis) 
Handb. ii, p. 337 (1835) ; Hen-.-Sch. Wmiz. Ins. vi, p. 79, f. 6o0 
(1842) ; Amy. ^- Sew. Hem. p. 200 (1843). 
Stoll, Pun. ff. 213 Sz 278. 

Blackish-olivaceous, corium becoming a little browner on its 
apical area ; tarsi, anterior and intermediate tibiae, apices of the 
anterior and intermediate femora, and the bases of the posterior 
femora, luteous or ochraceous ; antennae blackish, basal area of 
fourth joint luteous ; posterior femora in the male extending 
considerably beyond the apex of the abdomen, with a long spine 
beyond middle of inner surface, followed by some smaller spines ; 
posterior tibiae in the male with their inner margins strongly 
serrate ; abdomen above black, with two ochraceous spots on each 
lateral margin before apex. 

Length 22 to 25 ; breadth between pronotal angles 6 to 7 
millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {Hamjjson). China {Coll. Dist.). — Also re- 
corded from several islands in the Malayan Ai'chipelago. 

Var. Bases of both third and fourth joints of antennae luteous. 

Length IS to 23 millim. 

Hah. Bombay {Leitli). Ivha'si Hills {ChcnneU). Burma; 
Eangoon {Brit. Mus.), Bhamo, Teinzo {Fea). 



015. Notobitus dor salis, ll'esUu. (Nematopus) in Hope tWA ii, p. 13 
(1842). 

Brownish-ochi'aceous ; antennae with the bases of the second, 
third, and fourth joints luteous ; abdomen above reddish- 
ochraceous, its apex and some incisural spots to connexivum 
black : body beneath pale castaneous, lateral margins of abdomen 

2b2 



372 C'OREID.T. 

luteous, iucisural spots black ; posterioi" femora elongate, mode- 
rately thickened, strongly spined on apical half of inner margin,, 
usually bearing about five spines, of which the central is much the 
longest ; tarsi luteous. 

Length 21 ; breadth between pronotal angles G millim. 

Hah. Bengal {Oxford Miis.). Bombay (Leith). 

616. Notobitus marginalis, Westw. (Nematopus) vi Hope Cat. ii, 

]). 14 (1842). 

Brownish-ochraceous ; head with a spot on each side near 
insertion of antennae, a central patch, and a small spot behind 
each eye, anterior and lateral margins of pronotum, and lateral 
margins of head beneath, uarrowl}^, and sternmn and abdomen, 
broadly, resplendent bluish-green ; abdomen above red, with a 
broad central black macular fascia, the conuexivum luteous with 
black iucisural spots : body beneath and legs luteous ; autenuse 
fuscous, base of fourth joint luteous. 

Length 24 : breadth between pronotal angles millim. 

Hak Naga Hills (Chennell). Shillong (Ooll Dlst.). 

617. Notobitus affinis, Ball. (Nematopus) List Hem. ii, p. 4-!3 (1852). 

Brownish or dark olivaceous ; anterior and intermediate legs 
ochraceous ; antennae brownish or fuscous, base of the fourth 
joint luteous ; posterior legs dark shining fuscous or olivaceous ; 
posterior femora moderately thickened, male with a long spine 
iDeueath at about one-third from apex, preceded and followed by a 
smaller spine : abdomeu above reddish -orange, with a central, 
more or less distinct longitudiual macular fascia; in the female 
the abdomen beneath is usually more or less suffused with 
ochi'aceous. 

Length 18 to 20 : breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Moineit, Ruby Miues {Dohert)j). Karennee, 
Metauja {Fea). — Found in the Malay Peninsula, and originally 
described from the Philippines, 

618. Notobitus abdoniinalis. Bid. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. l;i (1901). 

Head, antenufe, pronotum, scutellum, abdomen above, body 
beneath, and legs obscure dark olivaceous ; eyes, apex of scutellum, 
connexivum, central macular fascia to abdomen above (neither 
reaching base nor apex), lateral margins of abdomen beneath, and 
posterior margins of third, fourth, and fifth abdominal segments 
ochraceous ; corium, anterior and intermediate tibia}, and the 
tarsi brownish-ochraceous ; membrane dull ochraceous, its basal 
margin paler ; apical joint of antennae pale fuscous, its extreme 
base olivaceous ; posterior femora in male \\ith a series of 
irregular spines beneath, of which the largest and most prominent 
is situate about one-third from apex. 



CLORESMUS. 373 

Length 21 to 23; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 6 
miUiin. 

Hah. Khiisi and Naga Hills (ChenneU). Burma ; Karennee 
(Fea). 

■619. Notol)itus serripes, Ball. (Xematopus) Tr. E. S. (2) i, p, 4, pi. ii, 
f. 2 (1850). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, sternum, and posterior femora 
dark shining olivaceous ; antennae, anterior and intermediate 
tibiae ochraceous ; posterior tibiae reddish-ochraceous ; corium dull 
brownish-ochraceous ; membrane pale fuscous ; posterior femora 
in the male moderately thickened and subgranulous, prominently 
spined beneath, the posterior tibiae inwardly strongly and closely 
serrate ; abdomen above blackish, with two small discal luteous 
spots ; connexivum luteous, with blackish incisural spots ; abdo- 
men beneath very pale castaneous, the apex, and a fascia, 
sometimes absent, on each basal lateral area, dark olivaceous ; 
the lateral margins luteous, sometimes with small incisural black 
spots. 

Length 18 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4i to 5 
milhm. 

Hah. Sikhim {Ind. Mvs.) ; Mungphu (Atl-inson Coll.). Assam ; 
Khasi Hills (ChenneU), Naga Hills, Margherita {Dohertij). 



Genus CLORESMUS. 

Cloresmus, Stal, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fiirh. 1859, p. 451 ; id. En. Hem \u, 
p. 65 (1873). 

Type, C. si(jnoreti, Stal, a Javan species. 

Distrihiition. Oriental Region and China. 

This genus greatly resembles Notohitus, from which it is separated 
by the shorter rostrum, which does not quite extend to the meso- 
sternum, or only reaches the middle of it; the apex of the 
prosternum is obtusely sulcate ; the posterior coxfc in the males 
ai'e outwardly furnished with a short spine ; and the first joint of 
the antennae is shorter than the second, which is also longer than 
the third. 



620. Cloresmus nepalensis, Westw. (Nematopus) in Hope Cat. ii, 
p. 14 (1842). 

Nematopus brevicoruis, Herr.-Seh. Wanz. Ins, ix, p. 261, f. 995 
(1851). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum dark shining olivaceous ; corium 
and membrane purplish-brown ; antennae, abdomen beneath, and 
anterior and intermediate legs luteous ; posterior legs very pale 
castaneous ; connexivum luteous, spotted with dark oUvaceous ; 
posterior femora in the male moderately incrassated, with a 



374 



COREID.^. 



strong spine at about middle of under surface ; rostrum just 
passing the anterior cox^. 
Leugtli 14 to 17 millim. 




Fig. 218. — Clorcsraus ncpalcnsw. 

Hah. Sikhim, Ivurseong {Ind. Mas.). Ivliasi Hills (Chennell). 
Nilgiri Hills (/A77»j:>^-o»). Burma; Karennee (/'>«). Tenasserim :. 
Mjitta {Dohertij). 

621. Cloresmus modestus, Disf. A. 31. N. H. (7) vii, p. 14 (1901). 

Body above browuisli-ochraceous, sometimes tinged with pur- 
plish ; antennae, rostrum, a central fascia to head beneath and 
mesosternum, anterior and intermediate legs, posterior trochanters 
and tarsi, ochraceous ; posterior legs and abdomen beneath reddish- 
brown ; abdomen aboAe purplish, sometimes pale castaneous, with 
three pale central ochraceous spots, one on second segment and 
the others at junction of third and fourth and of fourth and fifth 
segments ; connexivum above and beneath ochraceous, spotted 
with black or castaneous at the incisures ; membrane pale fuscous ; 
scutellum with the apex and basal angles narrowly ochraceous ; 
male with a very distinct spine on outer edge of posterior coxae ; 
rostrum extending about halfway across mesosternum ; antennae 
very hirsute ; posterior femora in male moderately incrassated and 
armed with a long spine a little before middle of under surface. 

Length 14 to IS millim. 

Hah. Calcutta. Sikhim {lad. JIcs.). Khasi Hills (Chennell). 
Burma ; Pegu (Ind. Mus.), Metauja, Karennee (Fea). Tenas- 
serim ; Thagata (Fea). 



622. Cloresmus khasianus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 14 (1901). 

Above pale shining olivaceous or brownish-ochraceous, with the 
head and anterior margin of pronotum olivaceous ; antennae with 
the first, second, and third joints brownish-ochraceous, m ith their 
extreme apices olivaceous, fourth joint ochraceous, its base and an 



DISTANTIDEA. 375 

apical aunulation pale fuscous ; abdomen above sauguineous, with 
two small ochi-aceous linear spots at bases of fourth and fifth 
segments ; connexivum ochraceous, with large fuscous spots at 
the incisures ; prosternum, anterior and intermediate legs, and 
posterior tarsi ochraceous ; meso- and metasterna, abdomen 
beneath, and posterior legs castaneous ; lateral margins of 
abdomen ochraceous, minutely spotted with fuscous at the 
incisures ; head beneath and anterior margin of prosternum 
shining pale olivaceous ; antennte hirsute ; rostrum scarcely ex- 
tending beyond the anterior coxse ; posterior coxae of males 
somewhat obscurely spined ; posterior femora in male moderately 
incrassated, with an elongate spine a little beyond middle of 
under surface. 

Length 18 to 21 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (Chennell). Sikhim ; Mungphu (AtJcbison 
Coll.). Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 



The following genus Distantidea evidently requires a fresh 
Division of the Coreinae for its reception. The position of the 
acetabula allies it with the Cloresmaria, while the peculiar odori- 
ferous processes reach the anterior margin of the metasternum, 
thus approaching the Colpuraria, with which it has much in 
common. The length of the rostrum, the sulcated mesosternum, 
and the peculiar structure of the odoriferous apertures prove 
its isolation from both those Divisions, and seem to point to 
an intermediate position between them. 

Genus DISTANTIDEA. 

Distantidea, Kirkadly, J. Bomb. N. H. Soc. xiv (1902). 

Type, D. veclda, Kirkaldy. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head long, eyes well detached from anterior margin of the pro- 
notum ; antennae with the first joint longer than the head and 
shorter than the second ; rostrum very long, almost reaching the 
apex of the abdomen in the male, a little shorter in the female ; 
pronotum with the anterior angles prominent, the lateral angles 
rounded, the lateral margins sinuate and obsoletely crenulate,: 
niesosternuni centrally profoundly sulcate ; posterior acetabula 
with their exterior margins strongly out of line with those of the 
preceding acetabula ; membrane with the veins numerous and 
subreticulate, 

623. Distantidea vedda, Kirhcddy, J. Bomb. N. H. Soc. xiv, pi. A 
f. 13 (1902). 

Ochraceous, speckled with fuscous ; bases of the second and 
third joints of the antennse, and a central annulation to the 
fourth joint, luteous ; abdomen above pale sanguineous, connex- 



376 



COREID.i:. 



iviim ochraeeous, much speckled and largely spotted with fuscous ; 
abdomen beneath with a lateral fuscous fascia at the area of the 
stigmata ; I'ostrum reaching the apex of the sixth abdominal 




Fig. 2Vd.— Distant idea vedda. 

segment in the male, about the apex of the fourth in the female ; 
membrane brownish, with the basal margin piceons. 

Length 16 to 20 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to G 
millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green).^' ■',,■'-'- 



Division GOLPURARIA. 

Lybantai'ia, Stdl, Uti. Hem. iii, p. 35 (1873). 

This Division differs from the Cloresmaria by having the pos- 
terior acetabula more profoundly detached from the posterior 
margin of the metasternum, their exterior margins being nearly 
in line with those of the preceding acetabula; the anterior angle 
■of the odoriferous process reaches, or nearly reaches, the anterior 
margin of the metasternum ; the first joint of the antennae is 
shorter than the second, and the head is moderately produced in 
front of the antenniferous tubercles. In the males, at least, the 
abdomen is usually more or less sulcated. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Head long, longer than breadth between 
eyes. 

a. Eostrum with first joint extending con- 

siderably beyond base of head ; pronotal 

lateral angles not produced Colpura, p. 377. 

b. Rostrum with the first joint about reaching 

base of head ; pronotal lateral angles pro- 
minently produced AVolfius, p. 379. 



COLPURA. 377 

B. Head subquadrate, not or scarcely longer than 
broad. 
«. Second joint of autennse considerably longer 
than third ; membrane not reaching apex 

of abdomen IIygia, p. 380. 

h. Second joint of antennaj slightly longer than 
third ; membrane almost reaching apex of 
abdomen Vittorius, p. 381. 

Genus COLPURA. 
Lybas, Dall. List Hem. ii, pp. 450 it 4G3 (18o2), nom. prceocc. 
Colpnra, Bercjr. Rev. Ent. Franc, xiii, ]>. 154 (1894). 
Lybastes, Kirkaldi/, Entomohgist, xxxiii, p. 240 (1900). 

Type, G. ohseura, Dall. 

Distribution. Oriental Kegion ; not at present known from 
Indian Peninsula or Ceylon. 

Head long, much longer than the breadth between eyes, the 
central lobe prominent and passing the lateral lobes ; rostrum 
with the first joint extending considerably beyond the basal 
margin of the head ; antennae with the first joint shorter than the 
second, the fourth joint shorter than the third ; membrane with 
the veins more or less furcate ; abdomen more or less distinctly 
snlcated. 

624. Colpura obscura, Ball. (Lybas) List Hem. ii, p. 463, pi. xiv, 

f. 2 (1852). 

Dark dull castaueous ; apex of the scutellum and a small spot 
near middle of apical margin of corium ochraceous ; lateral mar- 
gins of the abdomen, above and beneath, with ochraceous inci- 
sural spots ; abdomen with a lateral segmental series of black 
spots, those on the last three segments being most distinct 
and the others sometimes obsolete; body elongate ; connexivum 
exposed beyond middle of corium ; abdomen somewhat broadly 
snlcated for more than half its length ; rostrum brownish, ex- 
tending to basal margin of the fourth abdominal segment. 

Length 16 to 17; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (C/feuiu'??).— Malay Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, 
and Corea. 

625. Colpura erebus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 18 (1901). 

Very dark castaneous; apical joint of antennas (excluding base), 
eyes, apex of scutellum, a small discal spot on corium near posterior 
margin, linear lateral spots to abdomen above and beneath, 
posterior margins of fourth and fifth abdoniinal segments, and the 
coxa;, ochraceous; femora much suffused with ochraceous; antennae 
with the first joint thickened and slightly curved, second and third 
joints slender, second longest, fourth cylindrical, shorter than 
third; pronotiim with the anterior angles moderately and distinctly 
prominent, anterior margin coucavely sinuate, lateral margins 
nearly straight and distinctly reflexed ; anterior area bilobately 
impressed ; abdomen broader than corium and projecting from 



378 



COREID^T. 



about half its length to apex ; counexivum recurved, membrane 
not quite reaching apex of abdomen, \\hich beneath is broadly 
and distinctly sulcated : rostrum reaching the apex of the third 
abdominal segment. 

Length 11 to 15 ; breadth between prouotal angles 3| to 4^ 
miliim. 

Hab. Sikhim; Mungphu (Atluisou Coll.). Naga Hills (DoJierty)^ 

626. Colpura funehris, Dist. A. M. JV. H. (7) yii, p. 16 (1901). 
Piceous. finely ochraceously pubescent ; apical joint of antennae 

(excluding base), apex of scutellum, linear marginal spots to 
abdomen above and beneath, trochanters, tarsi, and posterior 
margins of fourth and fifth abdominal segments ochraceous : 

membrane dark cupreous, 
with its inner area brownish- 
ochraceous ; corium with a 
large dull piceous spot near 
claval apex : body beneath 
piceous ; abdomen with four 
basal spots (sometimes obso- 
lete), the stigmata, and a 
sublateral series of spots, of 
\\hich the last thi^ee are the 
largest and most distinct, 
shining black; posterior and 
intermediate femora more or 
less suffused with ochraceous 
above ; antennse with the 
basal joint stoutest and curved, second and third joints slender, 
second much longer than third, fourth cylindrical and shortest, 
not much more than half the length of third ; pronotum with the 
anterior angles rounded ; abdomen moderately dilated and recurved, 
projecting beyond the corium for about half its length ; rostrum 
about reaching the centre of third abdominal segment ; abdomen 
prominently sulcated for about half its length. 

Length 15 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4-1- miliim. 
Hah. Sikhim {AtUnson Coll.). Assam (CoU. Dist.). 

627. Colpura noctua, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 18 (1901). 

Piceous ; apical joint of antennae (excluding base), coxte, ex- 
treme bases of femora, rostrum, posterior margins of fourth and 
fifth abdominal segments, spots to lateral margins of abdomen 
above and beneath ochraceous; tibiae and tarsi obscure brownish- 
ochraceous ; rostrum reaching the centre of the third abdominal 
segment; antennae \\'\t\i the basal joint thickened and curved, 
second and third joints longest and slender, second longer 
than third, fourth cylindrical and shortest ; pronotum with the 
anterior angles distinctly spined, lateral margins straight, not 
sinuate, posterior margin moderately sinuate at base of scutellum, 
a distinct subfoveate, subbasal, transverse impression, and the 




Fig. 220. — Colpura finiebriK. 



WOLFICS. 



\1% 



lateral angles subpromineut and rounded ; fourth, fiftl), and sixth 
abdominal segments with very distinct rounded black spots near 
the lateral margins ; body some\A"hat coarsely punctate ; abdomen 
above purplish. 



Length 
millim 

Hah. Assam 
(Horsjield). 



11 to 12 ; breadth l^etueeu prouotal angles 3j to -1 



Margherita (Doherti/). Burma (Gianclli). — Java 



62S. Colpura nodulosa, Disf. (Lvbas) Ent. Month. Mag. xxv, p. 231 

(1889). 

Above very dark castaneous or brownish-ochraceous ; body 
beneath and legs darker in hue; apical joint of antennae (excluding 
base) and apex of scutellum luteous ; c oxse, rostrum, tarsi, and 
sometimes irregular annulations to posterior femora, ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the lateral angles distinctly subnodulose ; abdomen 
\^ith marginal, ochraceous, iucisural spots, and with a lateral series 
of black segmental spots, of wbich those on the last three segments 
are largest and most distinct ; rostrum passing the posterior coxcc. 

Length 8 to 10 : breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 3| 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim; Mungphu (AtlinsonCoU.). Khasi Hills (CJiennell). 
Burma ; Karennee (Fea) ; Tenasserim : Meetan (Fea). 



Genus WOLFIUS, nov. 

Type, W. exemplificatus, Dist, 
Distrihution. Tenasserim. 

Head long, about as long 
as basal joint of antennas or 
a little longer ; eyes placed 
on the lateral margins of the 
head; pronotum with the 
lateral angles prominently 
and somewhat upwardly 
pi'oduced ; membrane not 
reaching the apex of the 
abdomen, with a very few 
prominent longitudinal 

veins ; rostrum with the 
basal joint about reaching 
base of head, apex reaching 
anterior margin of fourth 
abdominal segment; an- 
tennte with the second joint 
very much longer than 

third, fourth joint shortest ; abdomen centrally sulcate for about 

half its length from base. 




221. — Wolfius cxciyi'plificatuh. 



380 



COREID.T. 



629. Wolfius exemplificatus, sp. n. 

Very dark chocolate-brown, thickly covered with small greyish 
points ; membrane pale brownish-ochraceous, the veins and basal 
angle chocolate-brown; rostrum, tibia?, and tarsi brownish ; apical 
joint of antenna? stramineous, its base fuscous ; abdomen with the 
tstigmata forming a lateral segmental series of spots on each side, 
black ; prouotal angles prominently obtusely angulately and broadly 
produced. 

Length 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Thagata (Feci). 

Genus HYGIA. 

Pacliycephaliis, Uhler, Proc. Ac. N. S. Phil. 1860, p. 22o, nom. 

prceocc. 
Hygia, Uhler, op. cii. 1861, p. 287. 

Type, H. opaca, Uhler, from China and Japan. 

Distribution. Sikhim, China, and Japan. 

Head subquadrate; first joint of rostrum reaching basal margin 
of head ; second joint of antennae considerably longer than the 
third ; membrane not neai'ly reaching the apex of the abdomen, 
the veins strongly or slightly reticulate ; ocelli wide apart, some- 
what in a line with the posterior margins of the eyes ; pronotum 
with the anterior angles prominent, the lateral angles rounded and 
subnodulose ; the lateral margins moderately sinuate. 

630. Hygia touchei, Did. (Pachycephalus) A. M. N. H. (7) vii, 

p. 19 (1901). 

Piceous brown, coarsely punctate ; connexivum above and 

beneath with linear spots 
at incisures, some irregular 
spots to femora, and sub- 
basal and subapical annu- 
lations to tibia?, ochraceous ; 
apical joint of antenna? 
(excluding base) luteous ; 
rostrum just passing the 
posterior coxte ; abdomen 
beneath with four central 
basal spots, and a spot on 
the lateral area of each of 
the last three segments, 
black. 

Length 9 to 11 ; breadth 
between pronotal angles 3 
to 3| millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (CoU. Dist.). Originally described from China. 

This species differs principally from H. opaca, the type of the 
genus, by having the veins of the membrane very much less 
reticulate. 




Fig. 222. — Hygia touchei. 



yiTTOIlIlTS. 



381 



Genus VITTORIUS, nor. 

Type, V. adsjwsus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Allied to Hj/gia, Uhler, by the shape of the head and general 
structure and appearance, but difFeriug from that genus by having 
the veins of the membrane not reticulate but longitudinal and 
slightly furcate ; second joint of antennae slightly, but not con- 
siderably, longer than the third ; first joint of rostrum reaching 
basal margin of head ; apex extending to, or a little beyond, the 
posterior coxaj ; membrane almost reaching apex of abdomen ; 
ocelli wide apart, somewhat in a line with the posterior margins 
of the eyes ; prouotum with the anterior angles obtusely but 
distinctly prominent, the lateral angles slightly prominent and 
rounded, the lateral margins moderately sinuate ; counexivum 
freely exposed beyond middle ; abdomen not sulcated. 

631. Vittorius adspersus, sp. u. 

Yery dark chocolate-brown, thickly covered with small greyish 

points ; apex of scutel- 
lum, incisural spots to 
counexivum above and 
beneath, coxa3, large and 
irregular spots to posterior 
femora, obscure annula- 
tions to tibiae, and basal 
margins of fourth and 
fifth abdominal segments, 
ochraceous ; tibia) brown- 
ish-ochraceous ; apical 
joint of antenna; strami- 
neous, its base black and 
its apex brownish ; an- 
tennse with the basal joint 
stoutest, slightly longer 
than the head, second 

joint a little longer |;than the third, fourth shorter than first; 

abdomen with a lateral segmental series of black spots on each 

side. 

Length 11 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3| millim. 
Hab. Burma ; Karennee (Fea). 

Division ANISOSOELABIA. 
Anisoscelaria, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 35 (1873). 

This Division, which is mainly composed of Neotropical 
genera and species, and may be regarded as only represented 
by stragglers in the other zoo-geographical regions, is distin- 
guished by the longly produced head in front of the antenniferous 
tubercles, and by the length of the posterior femora, which reach 




Fig. 223. — Vittorivs ads^K-rsiis. 



382 



COREID.i:. 



the abdominal apex ot extend beyond. — Only one genus, containing 
a single species, is at present recorded from British India. 



Genus LEPTOGLOSSUS. 

Leptoglossus, Guer. Vui/. Cog., Zool. ii, pt. 2, p. 174 (1830); Stal, 

En. Hem. i, p. 160 (1870). 
Aiiisoscelis, Hpin. Ess. Hem. p. 200 (1837). 
Theogms, Stal, Stctt. cut. Zdt. xxiii, p. 29-J: (1862). 

Type, L. dilaticollis, Guer., from Brazil. 

Distrlhution. A large Xeotropical genus, represented in the 
Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian Kegions. 

Head long, produced in front of the antenuiferous tubercles, 
eyes inserted at about one-third from base ; pronotum broader 
than long, the lateral angles prominent or spinously produced ; 
posterior femoi-a long, spinous, their apices reaching or passing 
the apex of the abdomen ; posterior tibiae more or less dilated on 
each side, most prominently on the outer margin ; rostrum some- 
what long, basal joint passing the basal margin of head. 

632. Leptoglossus membranaceus, Fabr. (Cimex) Spec, ii, p. 351. 79 

(1781); id. (Lyo-feus) Etit. S;/.^t. iv, p. 139. 16 (1794); B//nn. 

(Anisoscelis) Handb. ii, p. 332 (1835) ; Stdl (Theognis), Hem. 

Afr. ii, p. m. 1 (1865). 
Cimex luormodicfe, Fori^t. Descr. An. p. 16 (1844). 
Anisoscelis orieutalis, Ball. List Hem. ii, p. 454 (1852); Kirbi/ 

(Anisomelis), J. Linn. Soc., Zool. xxiv, p. 92 (1891). 
Auisoscelis flavopunctatiis, Sign, in Maillnrd, Xotes sar I'Ue de la 

Jiei/n., Annexe J, p. 27, pi. xxi, f. 4 (1863). 
Stall, Pun. f. 73. 

Dark chocolate-brown ; 
a central fascia on the 
head and a lateral fascia 
behind each eye, an arcu- 
ated fascia crossing an- 
terior area of pronotum, 
apex of scutellum, a small 
spot on disk of corium, 
and two small spots on 
posterior tibiae, dark 
ochraceous : body beneath 
thickly spotted with red- 
dish-ochraeeous. the late- 
ral areas of head and a sub- 
lateral fascia to proster- 
num of the same colour ; 
,, ^^. ^ , , an obscure central annu- 

antennse, a more distinct annulation to third joint, fourth joint 
(excluding base), and the anterior and intermediate tibise and 




PHYSOMEKUS. 383 

tarsi browuish-ochrcaceous ; basal joint of antennas about as long- 
as head, second and fourth joints subequal in length, longer than 
third ; posterior femora prominently spined on inner margin, less 
prominently spined on outer margin ; posterior tibia3 strongly 
dilated for more than half their length, broadest at outer margin, 
the edge of wliich is sharply tridentate, inner margin sinuate and 
centrally dentate. 

Length 19 to 22 ; breadth between pronotal angles 7 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (C'/t^^HHc//). C^tjlon {Green). Andaman Islands ; 
Port Blair {Meldola). Nicobar Islands; Camorta {Coll. Dist.). 
Burma; Kai-ennee {Fea). Tennsseriui ; Myitta {Doliertij). — 
Scattered thi'oughout the Malayan Archipelago to Australasia, 
and somewhat common in Tropical and Southern Africa. 



Division PHYSOMERARIA. 
Physomerai'ia, Stdl, En. Hem. m, p. 36 (1873). 

This Division differs from the Anisoscelarin by not having the 
head longly produced in front of the antenniferous tubercles ; the 
apices of the posterior femora do not reach the abdominal apex ; 
the posterior femora are distinctly incrassated and more or less 
distinctly spinous or tuberculate. — The Physomerana are confined 
to the Ethiopian and Oriental Kegions. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Claval suture about as long as apical margin 

of cerium Physomerus, p. 383. 

B. Claval suture a little longer thau apical 

margin of cerium. 

a. Mesosternmn sulcated Petalocnemis, p. 386. 

b. Mesostermun not sulcated Acantuocoris, p. 385. 

Genus PHYSOMERUS. 

Physemeius, Burin, (part.) Handb. ii, p. 341 (1835) ; Amy. eV Serv. 
Hem. p. 196 (1843) ; Stil, Hem. Afr. n, p. 3 (1865). 

Type, P. grossipes, Fabr. 

Distribution. Oriental Region. 

Pronotum with the posterior margin in front of the scutellum 
truncate ; fourth joint of the antennae very little shorter than the 
third ; anterior area of the head impressed on each side of the 
centi-al lobe ; mesosternum centrally sulcate ; apical margin of 
the corium straight or obsoletely sinuate ; claval suture about as 
long as the apical margin of corium ; veins of membrane longi- 
tudinal, not reticulate. 

<;33. Physomerus grossipes, Fahr. (Lygasus) Hut. Syst. iv, p. 135 
(1794) ; Bi(rm. Handb. ii, p. 341 (1835) ; StaL Hem. Fabr. i, p. 45. 2 
(1868). 



384 



COKBIDjE. 



Lvgfeus calcar,-F«/>'-. Sijst.Rhywj. p. 214 (1803) ; Herr.-Sch. (Phy- 

somerus) Wanz. Ins. vi, p. 60, f, 621 (1842). 
Coreus (Cerbus) cedymerus, Burm. Nov. Act. Ac. Leop. xvi, Sui^pl. 

p. 296 (1834). 
Physomerus delineatus. Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 59 (1871). 

Brownish-ochraceous, pilose : a central line to head and pro- 

notura, margins and A'eins 
of corium, body beneath, 
and legs pale ochraceous ; 
a subapical annulation to 
posterior femora, basal 
and apical areas of pos- 
terior tibiae, and the tarsi 
fuscous ; antennae fuscous, 
finely hirsute ; posterior 
tibia; strongly incrassated, 
finely longitudinally tuber- 
culate on upper and outer 
areas, very obtusely spi- 

„, . nous beneath ; posterior 

-Physomerus qrossipes. .., . .., ^ , , 

•^ ^ -< tibiae with a somewhat 

long spine at about centre of inner margin, followed by a shorter 

spine, and thence finelj' serrate to apex : body beneath with 

scattered line tuberculous points, and the stigmata, black : rostrum 

reaching the intermediate coxae. 

Length 20 to 24 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5| to Qk 
millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Calcutta, Moorshedabad {Ind. Mus.). Sikhim. 
Assam; Margherita (Atlinson. Coll.), Kh;isi Hills (ChcmuU). 
Bombay (Leifli). Ceylon (Dohrn). Nicobar Islands, Caraorta (CoW. 
Dist.). * Burma ; Metanja, Palon (Fea). — Generally distributed 
throughont the Malayan Archipelago. 

lu the iovm P. teclym ems, Burm., the colour of the legs is usually 
fuscous, and this was considered a distinct species by Stal and 
others, and as of a strictly Malayan habitat. This variety occurs, 
however, throughout the whole range of the species. 




Fie. 225.- 



634. Physomerus parvulus, Ball. List Hem. ii, p. 413 (1852). 

Head and pronotum ochraceous, corium brownish-ochraceous ; 
head with two discal black fasciae ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins, and two central fasciae which do not reach anterior 
margin, black : scutelluni black, with a central longitudinal line 
and the margins brownish-ochraceous : clavus fuscous ; corium 
more or less suffused with fuscous ; membrane piceous : body 
beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; posterior femora with the apex 
and a broad subcentral annulation fuscous ; posterior tibiae with 
the base and apex, and all the tarsi, fuscous ; antennae black ; 
body beneath with small scattered tuberculous points. 



ACANTHOCORIS. 



385 



Length 19 to 21 ; bi-eadth between pronotal angles oi to 6 
raillim. 

Hah. Burma; Karen WiW?, {Coll. Dist.). Tenasserim ; Houng- 
darau {Fea) ; Mergui ; Tavoy {Ind. Mus.). — I also possess specimens 
from the Malay Peninsula, Java, and Sumatra. 



Genus ACANTHOCORIS. 

Acanthocoris, Amy. Sf Serv. Hem. p. 213 (1843) ; StaJ, En. Hem. 
iii, p. 70 (1873). 

Type, A. scahrafor, Fabr. 

Distribution. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Eastern Palaearctic Regions. 

Claval suture a little longer than the apical margin of the corium; 
fourth joint of the antennae shorter than the third ; eyes small; 
posterior tibia3 moderately dilated ; posterior femora incrassated, 
their apices above with a short spine or tubercle ; corium with 
the basal margins parallel, not rounded ; mesosternum not 
sulcated. 



635. Acanthocoris scabrator, Fubr. (Coreus) Sijst. Rhyng. p. 195. 
19 (1803); Burm. (Crinocems) Hmidb. n, p. 319 (1835); Amy. 
S,- Serv. Hem. p. 214 (1843). 
Crinocerus scabripes, Herr.-Sch. Wanz. Ins. xi, p. 18, f. 574 
(1842). 

Euscous or brown, v^ith. numerous browuish-ochraceous points 

and suffusions ; antennae hir- 
sute, the apical joint ochra- 
ceous with its base fuscous ; 
pronotum with the lateral 
angles acutely produced, their 
anterior margins serrate ; 
coriiun with the basal lateral 
margin spinously hirsute, and 
with a very obscure paler 
spot or suffusion on apical 
area; connexivumwithochra- 
ceous trans vei'se spots at the 
incisures ; membrane pice- 
ous : body beneath in female 
ochraceous, speckled with 
brown ; femora fuscous, the 
tibiae brownish or castaneous, with a pale aunulation near base ; in 
the male the body beneath and legs are much darker ; posterior 
femora moderately incrassated, toothed or serrate on inner margin ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae. 

Length 13 to 14^; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 5i 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim (Ind. Mus.). Assam; Khasi Hills (Ohennell), 
VOL.1. 2 c 




Fig. 226. — Acanthocorix scabrator. 



380 



COREID^. 



Margherita (/u(?. J/hs.). 'Qomhsij (Leith). Bangalore [Caraeron). 
Ceylon {Parry, Brit. Mus.). Burma ; Karennee {Feci). Tenas- 
.serim ; Myitta {Dolierty). — Also found on many islands of the 
Malayan Archipelago. 

036. Acanthocoris anticus, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 118 (1871). 

Crinocerus ponderosus, Walk, in Tennent's Nat. Hist. Cei/l. p. 463 
(1861), med. 

Very dark brown ; antennae hirsute, third joint luteous at base, 
fourth joint luteous ; generally resembling A. scabrator, but with 
the pronotal angles much broader and less acute ; luteous spots 
to conuexivum smaller and more obsolete ; second joint of the 
antennte scarcely longer than the first joint. 

Length 14 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon {Green). 



Genus PETALOCNEMIS. 

Petalocnemis, Stal, 6fv. Vet.-Ak. Fiirh. 18o3, p. 2o9 ; id. En. Hem. 
iii, p. 70 (1873). 

Type, P. pacJiycera, Stal, an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental liegions. 

This genus is closely allied to Acanthocoris, from which it differs 
by having the lateral margins of the corium more perceptibly 
rounded, and by the distinct sulcation of the mesosternum. 

This genus is practically Ethiopian in distribiition, only one 
species being known from the Oriental Region. 

037. Petalocnemis ohscura, Ball. (Acauthocoris) List Hem. ii, p. 518 

(1852). 

Obscure brownish-ochraceous, clothed with short hairs ; the 




Fig. 227. — Pefalocve7nis obscura. 
pronotal angles broadly truncate ; head and pronotum with a 



PENDULINUS. 387 

■cHstiDct central pale cariuate line, the surface of the prouotum 
more or less rugulose ; corium with spinous hairs on the anterior 
lateral margin, and with a very obscure ochraceous patch or spot 
on apical area ; conuexivuin with obscure transverse ochraceous 
spots at the incisures : body beneath and legs paler than above ; 
posterior femora iucrassated, with a double series of tubercles on 
the outer margin and more indistinctly tuberculate on the inner 
area ; anterior tibiae compressed, somewhat dilated, with a double 
series of spinous tubercles on outer margin, intermediate tibia3 
tuberculate externally ; posterior tibiae inwardly dilated and dis- 
tinct! v angulate near middle, thence prominently dentate to apex ; 
anterior and intermediate femora prominently tuberculate ; 
antennae hirsute, the first, second, and third joints concolorous 
with the body, apices of second and third joints black, apical joint 
brownish-ochraceous, its base paler. 

Length 13 to 14| ; breadth between pronotal angles o to 5| 
millim. 

Hab. North Bengal (CampbeU, Brit. 3Ius.). Khasi Hills 
{Chennell). Bombay (Brit. Mus.). Poona (Coll, iJist.). Ceylon 
( Green). 



Division PENDULINAKIA. 

Pendulinaria, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 3G (1873). 

Posterior femora not incrassated, and tibias above distinctly 
sulcated. These characters alone will separate the division from 
the Phi/someraria. The abdominal spiracles are placed before the 
middle of the segment. 

The Division Fendulinarta is small, consisting of three genera, 
two of which are apparently confined to the Australasian Region. 



Genus PENDULINUS. 

Pendulinus, Thiinb. (part.) Ilemip. rostr. Cap. iv, p. o (1822) ; Stdl, 

En. Hem. iii, p. 73 (1873). 
Dasynus, Burni. Xov. Act. Ac. Leop. xvi, Siippl. p. 297 (1834j. 
C^alfesus, IMl. List Hem. ii. pp. 438 .fc 440 (18.'32). 
Theraptus, Stdl, Ofr. Vet.-AJ,: Fiirh. 1859, p. 462. 
Odontoparia, Mai/r, Verh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, xv. p. 433 (186-j). 

Type, P. Jiasticornis, Thunb., a South-African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Head subquadrate, somewhat distinctly produced l)etween the 
antenniferous tubercles ; ocelli small and ])laced somewhat far 
apart ; antennae with the first and second joints subequal in length, 
or first longer than the second, third joint (in "some African 
species) dilated towards the apex into a broad flat process ; 
rostrum variable in length, reaching or passing the intermediate 

2c2 



388 



COBEID^. 



coxae ; scutellum either a little longer tbrai broad, or equilateral ; 
corium with the apical margin a little .sinuate, and its apical angle 
distiactly produced ; abdominal spiracles placed before the middle 
of the segments. 

This is a genus exhibiting considerable variation in structure ; 
it has been divided, but the divisions are now estimated as of 
only subgeneric value, in this respect resembhng those of the genus 
Homceocerus. With the last-named genus species of PendiiJinvs 
are easily confounded, when the structure of the head is not 
sufficiently studied. 



63S. Pendulinus orientalis, '-Did. Ent. Month. May. xxv. p 
(1889). 

Dull ochraceous ; basal 



L>;31 



niargni 



of head, lateral margins of 
pronotum, and antennte 
black ; body beneath paler 
ochraceous, sternal sutures 
and a sublateral trans- 
verse line on each abdo- 
minal segment black ; 
eyes, exti'eme base of 
antennte, and legs pale 
reddish ; tibiae more or less 
infuscated; abdomen above 
sanguineous ; antennae 
A\ith the first and second 
joints about subequal in 
length, third much shorter 
than second and about 
Fig.228.—Pe)n/u/lnits oriciita/ii:. subequal to fourth; head 

projecting slightly in front 
of the antenniferous tubercles ; pronotum thickly and coarsely 
punctate ; the head and margins of the corium tinged with red ; 
f-cutellum rugulose and tinged with red, the margins and apex 
levigate and ochraceous ; corium somewhat thickiy and coarsely 
punctate : membrane piceous, somexAhat shining, its inner angle 
opaque ; rostrum reddish, its extreme apex black and about reaching 
the intermediate coxre. 

Length 16 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to o^ 
millim. 

Bah. Sikhim (Ltd. Mvs.). Assam ; Khasi Hills (Chennell), 
Margherita {Doherty). Tenasserim {Coll. Bisi.). 




639. Pendulinus nicobarensis, 3f(ap- (Odontoparia), T'erJi. z.-b. G'cs. 
JJV«?. p. 433 (I860) ; uL Heise Nov., Hem. p. 98, f. 22 (1866). 

Ochraceous, nearly glabrous ; antennae reddish, apices of the 



PEXDULIXUS. 389 

first, second, aud third joints, and the apical joint black, the last 
with its base whitish ; pronotutn ciunamonieous, lateral and posterior 
margins black ; coriuni obscure ciunauiomeoas, before apex with a 
tlavous vitta ; membrane cupreous ; abdomen above sanguineous, 
its apex black ; pronotum, scatellum, sternum, and corium coarsely 
punctate ; abdomen finely rugulose and punctate. 

Length 13 to 14 millim. 

Hah. Nicobar Islands ; Sambelong. 

I have not seen this species. 

<340. Pendulinus antennatus, Kirby (Homoeocerus), J. Linn. Soc, 
Zool. xxiv, p. 90, pi. iv, f. 6 (1891). 

" Head and front of pronotum vufo-testaceous, hinder part of 
pronotum, scutellum, and corium ^^'ith the ground-colour paler, 
but so thicldy speckled and reticulated with black as to look 
darker. Autennte with joints one and four of equal length, the 
second only slightly shorter, and the third about half as long as 
the first ; reddish brown at the base, shading into black about the 
middle of the second joint; extreme base of the second joint, a 
ring at the base of the third, and a nuich broader one just beyond 
the base of the fourth, pale yellow. Lateral angles of the pro- 
notum hardly prominent ; lateral margins with a black line ; the 
front of the prothorax with two black dots on each side of the 
pale median line, conspicuous under a strong leus. Towards the 
hinder part of the pronotum the punctures are much larger and 
darker, and are arranged in irregular uudxdating transverse lines. 
Scutellum and corium thickly punctured with black, the punctures 
along the nervures aiTanged in lines ; edges of the scutellum and 
corium narrowly testaceous, and the tip of the scutellum bone- 
colour. Membrane fuscous, black at the base. Under surface 
rufo-testaceous ; pectus with the punctures unicolorous ; ventral 
surface of abdomen hardly punctured, the stigmata iiiarked with 
black dots." {Kirhij.) 

Length 13 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (Green). 



Division GOXOCERARIA. 

Gouocerai'ia, Stdl, En. Hem. ill, p. oG (1873). 

In this Division the abdominal spiracles are much nearer to the 
lateral than to the apical margins of the segments, and from the 
basal and apical margins generally almost equally remote ; a 
character whicli alone will serve to separate the Gonocevaria from 
the Pendulhiaria. 

The Gonoceniria comprise but a few genera, are principally repre- 
sented in the Ethiopian and Oriental Kegions, and just extend into 
Australasia, Gonocerus is a well-known Paltearctic genus. 



390 cobeid.t:. 



SyH02^sis of Genera. 

A. Head distiuctly produced in front of 

antenniferous tubercles. 

a. Fourth joint of antenujfi not shorter than 

third. 

a. Abdominal spiracles near but not close 

to lateral margins Plixachtus, p. 390. 

b. Fourth joint of antennfe shorter than the 

third. 

b. Abdominal spiracles close to lateral 

margin Brunsellius, p. 391. 

B. Head not distinctly produced in front of 

antenniferous tubercles. 

c. Abdominal segmental angles not exteriorly 

acutely produced Cletus, p. 392. 

d. Abdominal segmental angles exteriorly 

acutely produced Cletomorpha, p. 390. 

Genus PLINACHTUS. 

Plinachtus, >SY«/. O/^-. Vef.-Ak. Fbrh. 1859, p. 470; id. En. Hcnu 
iii, p. 75 (1873). 

Type, P. spinosus. Still, a South-Africau species. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions ; also recorded 
from Japan. 

Head distinctly produced in front of the antenniferous tubercles : 
antenna) with the fourth joint not shorter than the third, basal 
joint moderately incrassated, much longer than the head ; pronotum 




Fig. 229. — Plinachtvs nctcular 



with the lateral angles usually produced into short acute spines 
slightly directed forward ; abdominal spiracles about equidistant 
from the basal and apical segmental margins or nearer apical 
margin, but much nearer to their lateral margins. 



BRUXSELLIUS. 391 

641. Plinachtus acicularis, Fabi-. (Alydus) Syst. Rhyng. p. 251 (1803): 

StSl, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 62 (1868). 
Anisoscelis rufiventris, Dall. Tr. E. S. 18o0, p. 5. 
Leptoscelis veiitralis, Dall. Lut Hem. ii, p. 458 (1852). 
Cletus conspicuus, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 198. 47 (1871). 

Head, antennae, and scutellum violaceous-black ; pronotuin 
reddish-ochraceoLis, the anterior and sublateral margins, lateral 
spines, and a large subconical spot at base violaceous -black ; basal 
margin of head and corium luteous or reddish-ochraceous, anterior- 
lateral margin of corium pale sanguineous, the posterior margin is 
sometimes violaceous-black : membrane brassy-black, its apical 
margin obscure hyaline : body beneath sanguineous ; head, three 
lateral spots to sternum, coxte, coxal spots, lateral abdominal spots, 
legs, rostrum, and apex of abdomen violaceous-black ; base of 
rostrum stramineous. 

Length 12 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 5 
millim. 

Hah. Bhutan (Dallas). Bombay (Leith). Ceylon (Green dj- 
Leivis). 

642. Plinachtus basalis, Jf'estw. (Coreus) iti Hope Cat. ii, p. 24 

(1842) : Dist. P. Z. S. 1901, p. 330. 
Plinachtus peltastes, *SYf?/, Stett. cut. Zeit. xxii, p. 144 (1861) : 
Kirby. J. Linn. Soc., Zool. xxiv, p. 93 (1891). 

Ochraceous ; membrane fuliginous, its base piceous : pronotum 
coarsely punctate, with the lateral margins finely speckled with 
black and with a central levigate longitudinal line ; lateral angles 
acutel}^ spinous, the spines moderately directed upward and for- 
ward ; scutellum and corium thickly punctate ; steriuim with a 
black spot on the lateral area of each segment, a series of black 
spots on each lateral area of the abdomen ; sternum very coarsely 
pimctate ; abdomen very finely and obscurely punctate ; basal 
joint of antennae very finely speckled with brownish ; apical joint 
fuscous with its base luteous. 

Length 14 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to 6 
millim. 

Hab. Homhiiy (LeitJi). Nilgiri Hills (f/a«?j:»son). Bangalore (/jjf?. 
3his.). Cej]on (Green). Burma; Teinzo ; Kavennee (Fea). 

Genus BRUNSELLIUS, nov. 

Type, B. smecticus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Head distinctly produced in front of the antenuiferous tubercles ; 
antennae with the fourth joint shorter than the third, basal joint 
much longer than the head, first, second, and third joints sub- 
equal in length ; rostrum passing the intermediate coxae, first 
joint about reaching base of head ; abdominal spiracles very near 
lateral margins ; pronotum with the lateral margins moderately 
produced and spinous. 



392 



COEEID^. 



(343. Brunsellius smecticus, Dist. (Homoeocerus) A. 31. N. H. (7) 
vii, p. 11 (1901). 

Ochraceous, thickly, coarsely, and darkly punctate ; antennse 
fuscous, the apical joint luteous ; pronotum with a central pale 
levigate line, the extreme lateral margins and aiigles piceous ; 

abdomen black, the connex- 
ivuui, apical margin, and 
two transverse spots on disk 
ochraceous ; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; ab- 
domen with a series of black 
segmental spots on each 
lateral area ; antennaj with 
the first and fourth joints 
moderately incrassated ; 
first, second, and third 
joints almost subequal in 
length, fourth shortest : 
lateral angles of the pro- 
uotum produced into very 
small obtuse spines ; ros- 
trum with the third joint shorter than the fourth. 

Length 13 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 millim. 
Hah. Burma ; Kuby Mines {Doherty). 




Fig. 230. — BnmscUius smecticus. 



Genus CLETUS. 

Cletus, Stal, Freg. Eur/. Itesa, Ins. Hem. p. 236 (1859) ; Mayr, Reise 
Nov., Hem. p. 118 (1866) ; Stdl, En. Bern, iii, p. T") (1873). 

Type, C. trigomis, Thunb. 

Distribution. Principally in the Oriental and Ethiopian Regions ; 
but also represented in the Xearctic and Australasian Regions. 

Body oblong, subcompressed ; head subquadrate, not promi- 
nently or distinctly produced in front of the antenniferous 
tubercles, its apex deflected ; anterior lateral margin of the corium 
and lateral margins of the abdomen very minutely crenulate or 
seri'uiate ; lateral angles of the pronotum acutely produced. 

€44. Cletus punctulatus, Westw. (Coreus) in Hope Cat. ii, p. 23 
(1842). 
Cletus femoralis, Kirby, J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 94 (1891). 

Ochraceous, thickly covex'ed with dark castaneous punctures ; 
head and anterior half of pronotum paler ; lateral margins of 
head and corium, connexivum, a small spot near inner apical 
margin of corium, body beneath, and legs, ochraceous ; a spot on 
lateral area of each segment of the sternum and some central 
spots to same, and a number of discal spots to abdomen, black ; 
antennee with the basal joint reddish-ochraceous, second joint 



CLEXUS. 



393 



oastaneous or fuscous, third and fourth joints ochraceous, extreme 
base of apical joint infuscated ; rostrum about reaching posterior 




Fig. 231. — Clctiis intnctulaftis. 

coxse, its apex black ; membrane pale fuliginous ; abdomen above, 
excluding margins, black ; pronotal angles widely and acutely 
produced. 

Length 9 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| to 5 millim. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Kurseong {Ind. Mas.). Khasi Hills {Uhennell) ; 
Naga Hills {Doliertij). 

(345. Cletus biplinctatus, Westzo. (Coreus) in Hope Cat. ii, p. 23 (1842). 
Oletus signatus. Walk, (part.) Cat. Het. iv, p. 194. 39 (J87J). 
Cletus inconspicuus, Walk. loc. cit. p. 195. 42 QSZl). 

Pale ochraceous, thickly and somewhat darkly punctate ; 
posterior area of the pronotum and the coriura somewhat roseate; 
lateral margins of the corium and a small spot on its inner apical 
margin pale luteous ; abdomen above ochraceous, with transverse 
black markings, principally on its basal area, the connexivum pale 
luteous : body beneath and legs luteous, a small spot on the 
lateral ai'ea of each sternal segment and a few small discal spots 
to abdomen black ; antennas jDale reddish-ochraceous, the apical 
joint fuscous ; membrane pale fuliginous ; pronotal lateral angles 
shortly but acutely produced, the apices of the spines fuscous. 

Length 9 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3| to 4 
millim. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith) ; Calcutta {Ind. 3Ius.) : Bangalore (Ca- 
meron). Ceylon. (Green). Burma; Jihemio (Fea). 

646. Cletus punctiger. Ball. (Gonocerus) List Hem. ii, p. 494 (1852) ; 
var., Hist. Sec. Yurkand Miss., Rhy7ich. p. 8 (1879). 
Homoeocerus minax, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 99. 26 (1871). 

Ochraceous, thickly covered with brown punctures ; pronotum 
with the lateral angles acutely spinous and more produced than in 



394 COREIDJi. 

C. hipiinctatxis, the spines black : corium with the lateral margin 
and a small spot in the inner apical angle whitish ; membrane 
pale brownish, piceous at base ; abdomen above red, with the 
lateral margins very pale luteous : body beneath and legs pale 
ochraceous ; sternnm coarsely punctate, M'ith a small black spot 
on the lateral area of each segment ; abdomen with a number of 
small scattered discal black spots ; antennse dark ochraceous, with 
the apical joint fuscous. 

Length 10 to ll^ ; breadth between pronotal angles 5 to bh 
millim. 

Hah. Murree (Stoliezka). Calcutta (Lid. Mus.). Pegu ; Tike- 
kyee (Feci). — Originally described from China. 

647. Cletus trigonus, TJnmb. (Cimex) Nov. Ins. Sp. ii, p. 37 (1783) ; 
>SicV, Frcy. Bug. Besa, Ins. Ilem.'^. 237 (1859). 
Ciiiiex pugiiator, i^«^-r. Mant.n, p. 287 (1787) ; Stdl (Cletus), //("?». 
Fuh: i, p. 60 (1868). 

Gouocerus acutus, Dall. List Hem. ii, p. 495 (1852). 
Cletus bistillatus, Dohrn, Stett. ent. Zeif. xxi, p. 403 (1860). 

Ochraceous, thickly punctate ; posterior area of the pronotum, 
scutellum and corium brownish ; two small blackish spots on 
anterior area of pronotum ; lateral pronotal angles strongly spi- 
nously and straightly produced, their apices black, their posterior 
margins crenulate ; a spot near inner apical angle of corium pale 
ochraceous : body beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; a small spot 
on each lateral area of the sternal segments and some scattered 
discal abdominal spots black. 

Length S ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| to 5 millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Ceylon {vide Sttd). — Also received from North 
Borneo and the Philippines. 

G48. Cletus rubidiventris, Weshc. (Coreus) in Hope Cat. ii, p. 23 
(1842). 
Cletus signatus, Walk, (part.) Cat. Ilet. iv, p. 194. 39 (1871). 
Cletus pallescens, Walk. loc. cit. p. 195. 40. 

Somewhat elongate and slender ; ochraceous, thickly darkly 
punctate, head and anterior area of pronotum usually paler in hue; 
antennse long, reddish-ochraceous, the apical joint infuscated : 
body beneath and legs pale luteous, a small spot on the lateral 
area of each sternal segment and some small discal abdominal 
spots black ; lateral pronotal angles acutely and somewhat for- 
wardly produced ; anterior lateral margin and a small spot near 
inner apical margin of the corium, and the connexivum, luteous ; 
abdomen above red. 

Length 9 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 3| millim. 

Hah. Bombay {CoU. List.). Bangalore {Cameron). Burma ; 
Arrakan {Ind. Mus.). Tenasserim ; Myitta {Doherty). 



CLBTUS. 395 

649. Cletus caluminator, Fahr. (Coreus) Ent. S>/sf. iv, p. 131 (1794): 
Stal, Hem. Fahr. i. p. GO (1868). 

Stal has thus described this species : — " Flavo-testaceous, beneath 
pale flavescent, granulate throughout ; membrane and A\-ings sor- 
didly hyaline ; abdomen above orange ; anterior margin of the 
connexivum before middle black : three punctures to the lateral 
area of prostei'num, one to the mesosternum, and one to the meta- 
sternum, and six series of minute spots to the abdomen, black; pro- 
notum posteriorly obscure, pronotal angles moderately spiuously 
produced, apically black ; corium with the lateral margin beyond 
middle and a small spot near inner apical angle pale ochraceous. 
levigate ; antenna* a little shorter than the body, first joint a little 
shorter than the second but subequal to third, fourth a little shorter 
than third ; head unarmed.'' 

I possess a single specimen which agrees with this description : 
it is a A'ery elongate and narrow species, and is principally to be 
recognized by that character. 

Length 10| ; breadth between pronotal angles 4| millim. 

Hah. Naga Hills (Chennell). The locality given by Tabricius is 
" India Orientalis." 



650. Cletus elongatus, JJo/a-n, Stett. ent. Zcit. xxi, p. 400 (1800). 

"Elongate, rufescent-fulvous, fuscc -punctate ; pronotal lateral 
angles acute, fuscous ; beneath flavous-testaceous, with two series 
of black punctures ; legs and antennae rufesceut fulvous.'" 

Length 9 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

I have not seen the species. It may be a form of C. calumniator ? 

651. Cletus feanus, sp. n. 

Ochraceous, thickly punctate, in some discoloured specimens 
inclining to purplish-brown ; lateral margins of the pronotum 
palely crennlate, pronotal lateral angles somewhat strongly pro- 
duced, their apices directed a little upward and forward, their 
posterior margins crennlate, two piceous spots on anterior area of 
pronotum ; apical joint of antenna) pale ochraceous ; connexivum 
marked with pale ochraceous at the incisures ; sternum coarsely 
punctate, with a black spot on the lateral area of each segment ; 
abdomen with scattered discal black spots ; head with a short but 
distinct anterior lateral spine ; basal joint of antennae rugose near 
base, first and second joints a little the longest and subequal in 
length, third and fourth also subequal. 

Length 10; breadth between pronotal angles 5 millim. 

Ilah. Burma ; Karennee {Fea). 

Allied to the Javan species C. pugnator, Dail. 



396 



COBEID.^, 



Genus CLETOMORPHA. 

Cletomovpha, Mmjr, Rehe Nov., Hem. p. 118 (1866) ; Stal, En. Hem. 
iii, p. 75 (1873). 

Type, C. helhda, Stal, from the Malayan Archipelago. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

Closely allied to the preceding genus Cletus, but differing by 
the structure of the abdomen, which has the lateral segmental 
angles acutely produced. 

052. Cletomorpha hastata, Fabr. (Cimex) Mant. ii, p. 287. 88 (1787) : 

Stal, Hem. Fabr. \, p. 61 (1868). 

Dull ochraceoLis ; head, posterior areas of pronotum and corium 
thickly darkly punctate, giving those areas a brownish appearance ; 

posterior area of corivim crossed 

from inner angle by a narrow, 

transverse, macular, very pale 

cS^ J\\ y^ V '^ J \. luteous fascia ; conuexivum 

'—^> U \/^^ a broadly spotted with fuscous ; 

membrane pale bronzy-brown ; 
antenna) ochraceous, apical joint 
short, eylindrically thickened, 
and infuscated, basal joint in- 
crassated, subequal in length to 
third, second joint slightly the 
longest ; pronotum with the 
lateral margins and the margins 
of the produced angles strongly 
spinous, the produced angles terminating in a short infuscated 
spine ; rostrum passing the intermediate coxae. 

Length 8 to 8| ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 4^ 
millim. 

Hah. Karachi {Camming); Bombay (Leith) ; Calcutta (LuL 
Mus.). 

053. Cletomorpha kirbyi, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (7) vii, p. 423 (1901). 
Cletomorpha (r) denticulata, Kirhij, J. Linn, Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. Oo 

(1891), nom. prceocc. 

" Brown, granulated ; front of the thorax sloping and, as well 
as the head, paler — in a smaller specimen intersected by a 
whitish median line, and with the lateral borders and hind border 
of the pale portion of the thorax whitish ; hinder part of the 
thorax, scutellum, and corium darker brown, the latter \\ith a 
narrow white fascia, hardly divided into spots, running from two 
thirds of the length of the costa to the inner margin. Antennae 
and legs testaceous; the first joint of the antenna) much thickened 
but hardly as long as the second ; the third distinctly shorter, the 
fourth much shorter, forming an oval club. Spines of the thorax 




Fig.- 2.32. — Cletomorpha, hastata. 



Cr.ETOMORPHA. 397 

strong, concolorous ; lateral margins before the spines with two small 
teeth near together in front, and three large isolated ones behind; 
lateral margins behind the spine with three or fonr small teeth ; 
hinder edge of the thorax concave. Membrane hyaline (possibly 
darker towards the base). Abdomen blackish, with large, dull 
yellow marginal spots ; abdominal augles produced. Undei'side 
brown in the larger specimen and pale in the smaller one, indis- 
tinctly speckled with darker." {Kirhy.) 

Length 7 to 8 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Putlam {Green). 

G54. Cletomorpha raja, Dlst. A. M. K. H. (7) vii, p. 423 (li»01). 

Ochraceous; posterior area of pronotum from between the 
lateral angles, seutellum, and corium thickly fusco-puuctate ; 
corium with the lateral margins (obsolete towards apex), and a 
transverse, sometimes maculate, fascia about one-third from apex, 
luteous ; membrane pale fuscous, with the margins paler; sternum 
and abdomen beneath with a number of small discal black spots ; 
anteunce fuscous, with the apical joint ochraceous, the first and 
second joints almost subequal in length, third shorter, but longer 
than fourth ; pronotal angles acutely produced, with their apices 
distinctly recurved; sternum somewhat coarsely punctate; abdomen 
above pale reddish-ochraceous ; connexivum spotted with black, the 
largest spot a short distance from base, followed by a smaller spot, 
and a still smaller spot at apex. 

Length 9 ; breadth between pronotal augles 4 millim. 

llab. Sikhim; Mungphu (^1/A-nisoH CoZZ.). Assam; Margherita 
{Boliertii). Burma; Karennee, Palon (i^m). 

055. Cletomorpha insignis, sp. n. 

Very pale luteous ; posterior area of pronotum, seutellum, and 
corium thickly darkly punctate ; corium crossed from inner angle 
by a somewhat broad luteous le\'igate fascia ; two black spots on 
anterior disk of pronotum ; basal joint of antennae luteous with 
fine brownish speckles, second and third joints black, fourth 
ochraceous, with its extreme base black ; first and third joints sub- 
equal in length, second longest, fourth shortest: body beneath and 
legs very pale luteous ; sternum coarsely punctate, with a small 
black spot on the lateral area of each sternal segment ; abdomen 
with scattered discal black spots ; pronotal angles well produced, 
their extreme apices castaneous. 

Length 7; breadth between pronotal angles 3| millim. 

Hah. Burma; Bhamo, Ivarennee (i^m). 

650. Cletomorpha walkeri, Kirhy, J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 96 (1891). 
Cletomorpha benita, Kirby^ loc. cit. p. 97. 

'• Head and thorax dark brown, granulated ; the sloping part 
of the thorax with the back and sides, and a median line extending 



398 COREID^. 

to the bead, testaceous ; thoracic spines very acute ; the lateral 
margins of the thorax in front entirely unarmed, behind with two 
or three minute teeth, the last forming a distinct angle; hinder 
edge of thorax slightly concave. Scutellum Avith the extreme base 
testaceous, expanding into spots at the sides ; the tip may also 
possibly be testaceous. Inner angle of the corium with one or 

two small white spots Antennae, membrane, abdomen, legs, 

under surface &c. as in G. lirhii, but with a rather more distinct 
row of black dots on the sides of the abdomen." (Kirhi/.) 

Leugth 5 to 7 ; breadth between prouotal angles 3;} to 4 millim. 

ffab. Ceylon (Lewis). 



Division HYDAliAlilA. 
Ilydararia, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 37 (1873). 

A Division at present consisting of two genera, both of which 
have been hitherto regarded as entirely Ethiopian. We are now 
able to describe an Oriental species belonging to one of those 
genera, and it is probable that other species remain to be dis- 
covered. 

The Hydararia may be at once recognized by the clavate apices 
of the anteunal basal joint, and the somewhat less clavate apices 
of the femora. 

Genus HYDARA. 

Ilydara, IMl. List Hem. ii, pp. 48-5 & 492 (1852) ; Stdl, Llem. Afr. 
u, pp. 5 & 73 (18(35); id. En. Hem. iii, p. 80 (1873j. 

Type, H. temiieornis, Westw., from Africa and Madagascar. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Head subquadrate, slightly anteriorly produced ; ocelli placed 
much nearer to the eyes than to each other ; antennae very long 
and slender, basal joint as long as the head and pronotum together, 
or longer, and suddenly clavate at apex, about as long as third 
joint, second shorter but longer than fourth ; rostrum reaching 
the posterior coxa?, first joint about reaching the base of head ; 
body elongate with the sides nearly straight ; pronotum with the 
lateral angles spinous ; legs slender, apices of the femora mode- 
rately thickened. 

This genus has previously only been represented by a species 
received from South and West Africa and Madagascar. 

0.57. Hydara orientalis, sp. n. 

Ochraceous, thickly punctate, the punctures Aery coarse on the 
corium, arranged in longitudinal series on clavus, and very 
profound in a single longitudinal submarginal series to corium, 



CKASPEDUM, 399 

the last being piceous and giving the appearance of a dark submar- 
gmal line ; antennae, body beneath, and legs pale oehraceous ; apical 

joint of antennae black, its 
extreme apex white ; a few- 
scattered black spots or 
points to sternum, and a 
segmental series of black 
spots on each lateral area 
i 1/ ^E==jiY;;^f== — ^\ ■' o^' *li6 abdomen ; ster- 

num coarsely punctate ; 
abdomen more coarsely 
punctate on the lateral 
margins. 

Length 7 millim. 
Hab. Calcutta (Coll. 
Dist.). Burma ; Teinzo, 
Bhamo (Feci). 
Fig. '2'id.^Hydani oric)if(iIi.<. 




Division PHYLLOMORPHAllIA. 

Phylloinoi'pliaria, *SYf?/, En. Hem. iii, p. 37 (1873). 

This Division terminates the sectional grouping of the Coreinte, 
and includes the most aberrant and remarkable insects found in 
this subfamily. The lobate and foliaceous abdominal expansions, 
and the generally spinose or ciliate marginal and other structural 
characters, prevent the Phyllomorpharia from being confused with 
any other representatives of the whole family. In fact they are 
somewhat unique among the Heteroptera, finding their superficial 
analogues in the family Tingididse. 

The leaf -like appearance is verj^ pronounced, and the old South- 
African traveller Sparrman has recorded that he mistook these 
insects for falling leaves when he first observed them. 

The Phyllomorjiharia at present comprise three described genera, 
distributed in the Palaearclic, Ethiopian, and Oriental Regions. 
From the last only one species has been recorded. Our acquaint- 
ance with the Oriental representatives of the group is certainly 
imperfect, and it now remains with collectors to give us more 
information respecting these highly interesting Heteroptera. 



Genus CRASPEDUM. 

Craspedum, Aimj. 4' Serv. Hem. p. 234 (1843) ; StaA, En Hem. iii, 
p. 80 (1873). 

Type, C. phylloraorplium, Latr., an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

This genus is to be distinguished by the posterior margin of tlie 



400 COEEID^. 

pronotum being not or only obsoletely sinuate ; the lateral ab- 
dominal lobes are ampliated, and the sixth moderately truncated : 
the first joint of the rostrum extends beyond the region of the 
eyes. The following figure will best afford a clue to the general 
structural characters. 



658. Craspedum ? indicum, Weshv. (Phyllomorpha) Tltes. Ent. Oxo7i. 
p. li»0, pi. 36, f. 1 (1874). 

" Pale f ulvescent, spinous, variegated with brown, subopaque ; 
veins of the abdominal lobes some- 
what distinct ; abdomen rounded, 
foui'th and fifth abdominal segmental 
lobes rounded, not subemarginate : 
sixth segmental lobe broadly sub- 
truncated ; femoral spines long and 
obliquely inserted ; antennae with the 
second joint not much more than 
half the length of third."' 

Length 8 millim. 

Hab. India {Boys). 

I have not seen this species, but 

Fig. -34. reproduce West wood's description 

Crasvedum ! indicum. a, „ „ ^, . . .^ 

^ and figure, irom these it is impos- 

sible to place \\\\.h absolute certainty the species in the genus 
Craspedum, but it is more than probable that in thus locating it 
no mistake has been made. 




Genera and Species of Coreinae recorded from India, hut not 
■included in tlds volume. 

Verlusia rliomhea, Kirby (nee Linn.), J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, 
p. 92 (1891). 

Mr. Kirby, in his enumeration of the Ceylonese Eliynchota, in- 
cluded " a single immature specimen in Mr. Green's collection, 
without special locality, apparently belonging to this common 
European species." As I have recorded (A. M. ]\. H. (7) vii, 
p. 432, 1901), this species belongs to the Phymatidae. 

Lyhas turpis, Walk. Cat. Het. iv, p. 150. 5 (1871) ; Kirby, J. 
Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 93 (1891). 

The type of this species could not be found in the National 
Collection. In its place was a mutilated specimen of an American 
species Lcptoqlosms zonatus, which misled Kirby into including 
L. iurjiis in his enumeration of Ceylonese Ehynchota, and writing 
" very like a species of Homoeocerus in appearance." 



CLAYIGRALLA. 401 



Subfamily II. PSEUDOPHLCEINiE. 

Pseudophlceina, Stdl, Ofc. Vet.-Ak. Fdrh. 1872, no. G, p. 50. 

This subfamily is to be distinguished from the Coreinse by the 
absence of the impression neax- the central lobe of the head ; the 
dorsal surface of the sixth abdominal segment in both sexes has 
the posterior angles prominently recurved, slightly dentate or 
spinose ; tibiae rounded, not sulcated. 

The Pseudophloeiiia), a much smaller subfamily than the Coreinse, 
are almost universally distributed. Eecords of their pi'esence in 
the Australasian Region are practically wanting, but of this zoolo- 
gical area our rhynehotal knowledge is still very fragmentary. 

/St/nojms of Genera. 

A. Scutellimi elevated, convex Clavigralla, p. 401. 

B, Scutelluin plain, not elevated. 

a. Antennas -with the lirst joint about equal 

in length to head. 

a. Mesosteruum obtusely sulcated 3Iyla, p. 403. 

h. Mesosternum and head beneath pro- 
foundly sulcated Trallianus, p. 404. 

b. Antennae with the first joint shorter than 

head IIoplolomia, p. 403. 



Genus CLAVIGRALLA. 

Clavioralla, Spin. K^^s. p. 200 (1837) ; JDalL List Hem. ii, p. 487 
(1852) ; Stal, En. Mem. in, p. 83 (1873). 

Type, C. gibbosa, Spin. 

Distribution. Oriental Region and China. 

Rostrum with the second and fourth joints about equally long, 
or fourth a little shorter than the second, the first joint not 
extending beyond the region of the eyes ; antenniferous tubercles 
unarmed ; posterior tibiae about a fourth or third part shorter 
than the posterior femora ; pronotum with the lateral angles more 
or less spinously produced, with their posterior margins distinctly 
dentate : scutellum elevated and convex, the second and third 
joints of the antennae subequal in length, or second slightly longer 
than the third ; lateral segmental angles spinously produced : 
femora moderately clavate towards apices. 

i'>59. Clavigralla gibbosa, Spin. Ess. p. 202 (1837). 

Ochraceous, punctate, moderately pilose; posterior area of 
pronotum, apical area of corium, and spots on connexivum 

-' VOL. I. 2d 



402 



COEEIDtE. 




Fig. 235. — Clavlgralla gihbo^a. 



castaneous ; antennte ocbraceous, apical joint pale castaneous,. 

second and third joints sub- 
equal in length ; pronotum 
transversely and somewhat coni- 
cally tuberculate on disk, the 
lateral angles produced into 
acute black spines directed a 
little forward and upward, the 
anterior area thickly and strongly 
pilose ; scutellum elevated, 
thickly and strongly pilose ;. 
membraue pale hyaline ; legs 
luteous, about apical halves of 
femora, bases, apices, and a 
faint central annulation to tibice,^ 
castaneous ; body beneath ob- 
scure brownish-ochraceous ; posterior femora spined beneath near 
apices (these spines are not sufficiently shown in the figure). 

Length 8 to 10 ; breadth between pronotal angles 4 to 5 raillim.- 
Eah. Bomhay (Coll. Disf.). Bangalore (Cameron). Teuasserim ; 
Myitta (DoherUj). 

660. Clavlgralla horrens, ijohrn, Stett. enf. Zeit. xxi, p. 403 (1800). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum brownish-ochraceous, coarsely 
punctate, somewhat granulose, moderately pilose ; corium ocbra- 
ceous, its apex castaneous ; connexivum ochraceous with 
castaneous spots ; legs luteous, apical areas of the posterior 
femora and bases and apices of posterior tibiae castaneous, each 
femur with a luteous spot before apex : body beneath obscure 
brownish-ochraceous, the lateral areas of sternum and abdomen 
distinctly marked with, cretaceous, abdomen more or less suffused 
-with ochraceous ; pronotum with two more or less distinct central 
longitudinal ridges, the latei'al angular spines long, black ; an- 
tennae ochraceous, the apical joint a little darker, second joint 
shghtly longer than the third ; posterior femora longly spined 
beneath near apex ; lateral angles of the posterior segments 
strongly spined. 

Length 7 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 millim. 

Hab. Bombay (CoU. Dist.). Ceylon (Green ^- Leivis). Assam. 
Burma ; Palon, Karennee (Feci). 



661. Clavlgralla sciitellaris, Westw. (Coieus) in Hope Cai. n. p. 24 
(1842). 

Brownish-ochraceous ; antennae and corium luteous ; pronotum 
and scutellum with a distinct luteous longitudinal ridge, this ridge 
sometimes concolorous in hue ; pronotum with four central small 
dark conical tubercles, lateral angles spinously produced, the spines 
black ; connexivum ochraceous, the last two segments almost 



MTL A. — HOPLOLOMIA . 



403 



entirely ochraceous : body beueath obscure brownish-ochraceous, 
abdomen mottled with ochraceous, head beueath and sternum very 
coarsely punctate ; legs luteous, apical areas of femora, bases and 
apices of tibiae castaneous ; posterior femora spined beneath near 
apices ; second joint of the antennae a little longer than the 
third. ^ 

Length 9 to 10; breadth between pronotal angles 4^ millim. 

Hah. Gogo (^oide Westwood). Burma ; Bhamo, Karennee (Fea). 



Genus MYLA. 

Myla, Sm, Hem. Afr. ii, pp. 8 & 111 (1865) : id. En. Hem. iii, p. 83 
(1873). * 

Type, M. JiojyJo.vj/s, Dall., an African species. 

Distribution. Etlaiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

Scutellum not convexly elevated ; body subelongate, somewhat 

depressed ; head somewhat promi- 
nent in front of the antenniferous 
tubercles ; rostrum extending to the 
intermediate coxae ; antennae with 
the second joint shorter than the 
third ; mesosternum sulcate ; pos- 
terior legs somewhat widely sepa- 
rated at base ; anterior femora 
spined beneath near apex ; posterior 
femora thickened, spined beneath 
near apex. 

Only two species of this genus 
have to the present time been de- 
scribed. As I have not received 
the Ceylonese species, the typical African form is figured as a guide 
to the eenus. 




Fig. 23Q.—Mt/la hoploxys 



602. Myla COncolor, Bohm (Clavigralla), Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 403 
(1860) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 84 (1873). 

" Eeddish-ochraceous ; punctured with fuscous; pronotum 
anteriorly griseously villose ; pronotal angles acute, spines a little 
directed forward ; lateral pronotal margins bidentate ; membrane 
pale ; abdominal margin with three spines : body beneath griseous- 
flavous-tomentose.'" {Dohrn.) 

Length 7 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

Genus HOPLOLOMIA. 
Hoplolomia, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 84 (1873). 

Type, H. scabricida, Stfd. 
Distribution. India and Burma. 

Head very large, a little longer than the pronotum ; antenniferous 

2d 2 



404 



COEEID.i). 



tubercles prominent, armed with an obscui'e incurved spnie ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxjb or base of metasteruum, the 
basal joint about reaching the area of the posterior margin of the 
eyes ; antennae with the first joint shorter than the head, second a 
little shorter than the first, third joint longest, fourth fusiform ; 
basal margin of pronotum subtruncated ; posterior femora with 
their bases slender, incrassated towards their apices, beneath which 
they are prominently spinous. 



<]G3. Hoplolomia scabricula, Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. 84 (1S73). 

Head, antenna), pronotum, and scutellum brownish-ochraceous ; 

corium ochraceous, its apical 
area brownish ; connexivum 
stramineous, basal half broadly 
spotted with castaneous, seg- 
mental marginal apical spines 
black ; legs ochraceous, pos- 
terior femora, excluding bases, 
castaneous ; apices of the tibiae 
castaneous ; body beneath ob- 
scure pale castaneous ; pro- 
notum with two prominent 
central discal tubercles, lateral 
angles produced and spinous, 
lateral margins strongly dentate. 

Length 6| millim. 
Bhamo {Feci). — Stal's habitat 




Fig. 237. — Hoplolomia scabricula. 



Palon, 



Hah. Burma ; Eangoon 
was " India Orientalis." 

I am indebted to the kindness of Dr. Tpgve Sjlistedt, of the 
*Stockholm Museum, for letting me see a typical specimen of this 
species, which has formed the subject of the abo^e illustration. 



Genus TRALLIANUS, nov. 

Type, T. chennelU, Dist. 

Distribution. Assam. 

Moderately elongate and compressed ; head elongate, subquadrate, 
robust, moderately produced in front of the antenuiferous tubercles ; 
ocelli placed a little behind the eyes and about as far apart from 
them as from each other ; antenuiferous tubercles prominent ; 
antenna) robust, basal joint incrassate, somewhat compressed, about 
equal in length to head, subequal in length to fourth joint, second 
joint longest, longer than third ; rostrum reaching the intermediate 
coxae, first joint not quite reaching base of head ; eyes inserted 
on side of head a little beyond base ; pronotum narrowed towards 
head ; posterior margin slightly sinuate before SQutellum, with a 
distinct deflected ridge between the lateral angles ; head beneath 
and sternum centrally sulcated ; legs moderately short and stout, 
femora unarmed, posterior femora not extending much beyond the 



TEALLIA>'^rS. 



405 



middle of abdomen ; coriam with the apical angle produced -. 
membrane pellucid, the A'elns mostly longitudinal. 

664. Trallianus chennelli, sp. n. 

Ochraceous, finely and obscurely punctate; antennae, scutellum, 

corium, and legs with a pur- 
plish tinge ; lateral margins 
of corium luteous ; membrane 
pale hyaline, colourless ; apical 
joint of antenufe cylindrical 
and ochraceous ; pronotum 
with a distinct chseal foveate 
impression, the lateral angles 
subprominent, rounded, the 
lateral margins very narrowly 
paler and sublevigate ; head 
beneath and sternum more 
thickly and coarsely punctate, 
a straight foveate impression 
on each side from intermediate 
coxfe to apex of sixth abdominal segment. 

Length 13 ; breadth between prouotal angles 4 millim. 

Hah. Khasi Hills (Ohennell). 




Fiff. 238. — Trallianus chennelli. 



To this subfamily doubtless belongs the species described by 
Spinola under the name of Merocoris spinicollis (Ess. Hem. p. 216,. 
1887), the description of which I, with other students of the 
Ehynchota, have as yet been unable to identify with any species 
examined. It was stated to have been collected at Bombay by 
Mons. Dupont. It seems probably to refer to a species belonging 
to the genus NojiMomia, but the diagnosis is too brief and vague 
for exact determination. 



Division STENOCEPHALABIA. 
Stenoceplialaria, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 84 (1873). 

Pronotum twice or nearly twice broader than the head ; head 
long, the lateral lobes distinctly projecting at apex and longer 
than the central lobe ; insertion of the antennae remote from the 
eyes ; apical margin of the corium straight, a little shorter than 
the claval suture. 

This Division is principally Palsearctic and Ethiopian in dis- 
tribution, and is only just represented in this fauna. It is at 
present known by two genera, one of which occurs in British 
India. 



406 



COKEID.i:. 



Genus STENOCEPHALUS. 

Stenocephalus, Latr. Fam. Nat. p. 421 (1825) ; Stdl, En. Hem. iii, 

_p. 85 (1873). 
Dicraiiomenis, Halm, Wanz. Ins. i, p. 22, f. 13 (1831). 
Subg. Dichromerus, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 85 (1873). 

Type, S. agilis, Scop., a Palasarctic species. 

Distribution. Palsearctic, Ethiopian, Neotropical, and Oriental 
Eegions. 

in addition to the Divisional characters given for the Steno- 
cephcdaria (siqjra), the first joint of the antennae is as long or a 
little longer than the head, and the fourth joint longer than the 
third : ocelli placed rather nearer to base of head than to posterior 
margin of eyes. 



665. Stenocephalus lateralis, Si;/n. Btdl. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1879, p. Iviii. 
Stenocephalus oiientalis, Dist. Ent. Month. May. xvi, p. 202 (1880). 

Pale fuscous, very thickly and coarsely punctate ; lateral mar- 
gins of the proHotum, corium, 
and membrane impunctate and 
luteous ; antennae strongly 
pilose, first joint robust, about 
as long as the head, dull fuscous, 
second joint about as long as 
the fourth, third and first sub- 
equal ; the second joint is pale 
luteous, obscure fuscous at base, 
and more broadly so at middle 
and apex, third joint obscure 
fuscous, hiteons at base, fourth 
pale fuscous, luteous at base ; 
head and anterior portion of 
pronotum somewhat darker 
than other portions of the upper 
surface, and less strongly punc- 




Fi"-. 239. — Stenocephalus lateralis. 



tate; legs luteous ; fore and intermediate femora lightly fuscous 
at apex, hind femora broadly and more distinctly fuscous ; apices 
and bases of tibiae and tarsi fuscous. 

g t The male differs from the female by its smaller size, the second 
joint of the antennae only fuscous at base and apex : anterior and 
Intermediate femora uniformly pale luteous, and apices of tibiae 
fuscous only. 

Length 10 to 12 millim. 

Hah. Bombay and Madras {Coll. Dut.). Ceylon (Green). 



DULICHIUS. 407 

Subfamily III. ALYDINiE. 

Alydina, St&l, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 187i>, no. 6, p. 50. 

Bucculse small, short, placed before insertion of antennae ; pro- 
notum posteriorly not broader or slightly broader than breadth of 
head, rarely nearly twice, and very rai'ely more than twice as 
broad ; dorsal surface of first abdominal segment posteriorly 
rounded, sometimes strongly produced ; scutellum frequently not 
reaching base of metanotum, somewhat narrower than head 
between eyes. 

The AlydinsB are almost universally distributed, but are poorly 
represented in the fauna of British India. 



Division MICIIELYTEARIA. 

Micrelytraria, StFd, En. Hem. iii, p. 84 (1873). 

Pronotum posteriorly not or only a little broader than the head ; 
the second joint of the rostrum is a little longer than the two 
apical joints together. 

The JlicreJi/traria comprise some fourteen genera, the majority 
of which are found in the Neotropical Eegion; the others are 
distributed in the Palaearctic Region— extending to Japan and the 
Oriental and Ethiopian Regions. 

Genus DULICHIUS. 

Dulichius, Sm, Hem. Afr. n, pp. 7 & 89 (I860) ; Bn. Hem. iii, p. 89 

(1873). _ 
Formicoris, Kirhij, J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 122 (1891). 

Type, B. trisjnnosus, Stal, an African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regioiis. 

Body elongate ; head oblong, longer than the pronotum, before 
the eyes strongly produced, above very convex ; eyes placed a little 
behind the middle of the head, very prominent ; rostrum reaching 
or passing the intermediate coxae, first joint moderately incrassated, 
shorter than the head, second longer than the first, third and fourth 
short ; antennae as long as the body or a little longer, fourth joint 
longest ; base of pronotum depressed and truncate, spined near 
the lateral angles ; scutellum longer than broad, the apex longly 
spined ; abdomen subgiobose, much wider than the head or pro- 
notum, narrowed at base and apex, the lateral angles raised and 
prominent. 

This genus is very aberrant, and its species strongly resemble 
or, as is generally expressed, " mimic '' ants ; three species have 
been described, two of which az"e African and the third belongs to 
the fauna of British India. 



408 



COEEID.i:. 




rig. 240. — Bulkhius wfla/us. 



G66. Dulichius inflatus, Ku-ln/ (Formic oris), J. Linn.Soc, Zool. xxiv,. 
p. 122, pi. iv, ff. 17 & Via (1891); Ber(jr. Entom. Month. Mag. 
1892, p. 126. 
Dulichius wroughtoni, Beryr. Entom. Month. Mug. 1892, p. 107. 

" Dull black, coriaceous, veiy finely pubescent ; tegmina abbrevi- 
ated, not extending beyond 
the contracted base of the ab- 
domen, longitudinally ridged, 
and \\\\X\ very large punctures 
bet\^■een , the outer tips whitish; 
pronotum with a strong spine 
on each side at the base ot the 
tegmina, and a third rising 
between them at the tip of 
the scutellum ; tarsi whitish, 
the last joint on the four 
posterior legs darker ; abdo- 
men smooth, shining, sHghtly 
iridescent, sericeous (red in 
immature specimen) ; last 
joint of antennae testaceous.'^ 
(Kirby.) This description 
refers to Kirby's type, which 
is figured above. 

Length S to 11 millim. 
Eah. Poona ; Nilgiri Hills ( Wronr/Jiton). Calcutta, Barrackpore 
(Bothnei/). Ceylon; 'Sitagala (Green). 

Mr. Wroughton sent specimens of this remarkable insect for 
exhibition at the Entomological Society, with the following note : — 
" I have taken a good many specimens of a bug which has achieved, 
a very fair imitation of FolyrrhacMs s^nniger (under the same stone 
with which it may be found), even to the extent of evolving a 
pedicle and spines in what, were it an ant, would be its metauotum. 
Curiously enough, however, these spines are apparently not alike 
in any two specimens. Is it that the bug is still waiting for one 
of its race to accidentally sport spines more like those of P. spiniger,. 
and thus to set the ball of evolution rolling afresh ? or is it that 
the present rough copy of spiniger s spines is found sufficient to 
deceive ? " Mr.Eothney remarked : — "■ I have not found the species 
mimicking Mutilla : but in Calcutta and Barrackpore, where 
P. spiniger is a tree-ant, forming its net by spinning together the 
twigs of a shrub, the mimicking bug also assumes arboreal habits, 
and may be found on the trunks of trees with the ants " (Proc. 
Ent. 8oc. 1891, pp. xvii, xviii). Dr. Bergroth, however, makes 
the pertinent remark, " Mr. Wroughton has only found the 
brachypterous form. If the species has a macropterous form, it is 
probable that the form has little or no resemblance to an ant " 
(Ent. Month. Mag. 1892, p. 107). 



LEPTOCOKISA. 40^^ 



Division LEPTOCOEISAEIA. 

Leptocorisaria, SfSJ, En. Hem. iii, pp. 84-5 (1873). 

This Division differs from the Jlicrehjt raria in having the second 
joint of the rostrum not longer than the two apical joints together ; 
the pronotum posteriorly is ahout one half broader than the head, 
and the first joint of the rostrum extends beyond the eyes. 

The Leptocorisarhi are found in all the chief zoological regions; 
China is the onlj^ recorded Palsearctic habitat ; their representation 
in the Ethiopian Region is very limited ; and they are chiefly 
jSTeotropical and Oriental insects. 

The Division at present contains about seven genera. 

iSi/nopsis of Genera. 

A. Head -with the lateral lobes porrect, produced 

in front of central lobe Leptocorisa, p. 409. 

B. Head deflected in front, lateral lobes not 

produced Cueupira, p. 411. 

Genus LEPTOCORISA. 

Leptocorisa, Lafr. Fam. Nat. p. 4i21 (1825) ; St8L En. Hem. iii, 

p. 86 (1873). 
Gerris (part.), Fabr. Ent. Si/sf. iv, p. 187 (1794). 
Mvodocliiis, Bunn. Handb. ii, i, p. 325 (1835). 
Stenocoris, Bwm. loc. c/'f. p. 1010 (1839). 
Rhabdocoris, Kolenati, Mcht. Ent. ii, p. 67 (1845). 
Subg. Erbula, Stc°d, En. Hem. iii, p. 86 (1873). 

Type, L. tipuloides, de Geer, a Xearctic and Neotropical species. 

Distribution. Nearctic, Xeotropical, Ethiopian, Oriental, and 
xlustralasian Regions, and China. 

Head long, lateral lobes porrect and produced in front of the 
central lobe; pronotum long, slightly deflected anteriorly; antennaj 
with the first joint very slightly and regularly thickened, its apex 
obscurely incrassate ; body long and elongate ; mesosternum 
broadly sulcate. 

667. Leptocorisa varicornis, Fair. (Genis) Syst. Ehxjmj. p. 260 

(1803) ; Wolff, Icon. \, p. 202, f, 196 (1811) ; Burm. (Coreus) 

Nov. Act. Acad. Leop. xvi, Sitppl. p. 298 (1834) ; id. (Myodochus) 

Handb. ii, p. 325 (1«.35). 

Leptocorisa flavida, Guer. Foy. Coq., Ins. p. 178, pi. xii,f. 12 (1830). 

Leptocorisa chinensis, Hall. List Hem. ii, p. 483 (1852). 

Ochraceous ; above somewhat thickly punctate ; eyes black ; 
membrane pale, colouidess, hyaline ; basal joint of antenna? ochra- 
ceous, second, third, and fourth joints fuscous with their bases 
luteous ; first and fourth joints longest and subequal in lengthy 
second and third shortest and subequal ; sternum very coarsely" 



410 



COHEIDJE. 



punctate ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, its apex 
jjiceous ; abdomen above testaceous. 
Length 15 to 17 millim. 




Fig. 241. — Lc})tocorisa vancornis. 

Hah. Sind {Coll. Dist.). Bengal; Calcutta {hid. Mus.); Bankura 
(Ind.2Ius.), Hauchi {Irvine). Sikhim. Assam; Mai-gherita (7«c?. 
3Itis.), Shillong (Ind. Miis.), Khasi Hills {Chenncll). Bombay. 
Madras; Tinnevelly {Ind. Mus.); Bangalore {Cameron); Trivan- 
drum. Ceylon {Gi\'en). Burma; Teinzo, Palon, Bhamo, Katha, 
Karenoee {Fea). Mergui {Ind. Mus.). — Also recorded from the 
Malay Peninsula, several islands of the Malayan Archipelago, and 
from China. 

■QQ^. LeptOCOrisa acuta, Tlmnh. (Cimex) Nov. Ins. Sj). ii,p. 34 (1783); 
Dist. F. Z. S. 1901, i, p. S-'il. 
Cimex augiistatus, Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 308 (1787). 
Cimex aiigustus, Gniel. Sijst. Nat. i, iv, p. 2193 (1788). 
Gerris oratorius, Fabr. Ent. Si/st. iv, p. 191 (1794). 
Leptocorisa beugalensis, Westiv. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 18 (1842). 
Rhabdocoris arcuata, KoJenati, Melet. Ent. ii, p. 08 (1845). 
3Iyodochus trinotatus, Herr.-Sch. Wdnz. Ins. viii, p. 95, f . 863 (1848). 
Leptocorisa maculiventris. Dull. List Hem. ii, p. 484 (1852). 

Above brownish-olivaceous, beneath pale greenish ; abdomen 
above reddish-brown, with the margins pale greenish-yellow ; 
antennae fuscous, bases of second, third, and fourth joints luteous ; 
above, M'ith sternum beneath, thickly and coarsely punctate ; a 
small distinct tubercle near each lateral pronotal angle ; a distinct 
central carinate line to prouotnm. 

Length 13 to 15 millim. 

Hah. Bengal {vide Westwood). Calcutta {Ind. Mus.). — Also 
received from China and from several islands of the Malayan 
Archipelago. 



CURUPIRA. 



411 



■669. Leptocorisa COStalis, Hen-.-Sch. (Myodoclius) Wanz. Ins. viii, 
p. 96, f. 864 (1848). 
Leptocorisa bi guttata, Walk. Cat. IIet.iv,\x 174.11 (1871); Bredd. 
Ahh. nat. Ges. Hal/e, xxiv, p. 73 (1901). 

Leptocorisa varicornis, var. bigiittata, Bredd. Ahh. Senckenb. Ges. 
XXV, p. 158. 

Ochraceous ; antennse, basal lateral mai'gins o£ head, small 
tubercle near lateral angles of pronotum, clavus, and inner area 
of cerium black; base and apex of apical joint of antenntc luteons; 
legs ochraceous ; tibite, tarsi, and apices of femora fuscous ; body 
above and sternum beneath coarsely punctate. 

Length 15 to 18 millim. 

J/ab. Burma; Palon (Fea). Tenasserim; Thagata (Fea), Mer- 
gui (Ind. Miis.). — Also recorded from Java, Borneo, Celebes, and 
Oilolo. 

Genus CURUPIRA.. 
Curupira, Dist, Ami. Soc. Ent. Behj. xxxii, Bidl. p. xi (1888). 

Type, C. ilhistrata, Dist., a Brazilian species. 

Distribution. Neotropical Eegion ; Burma and Malayan Archi- 
pelago. 

Head short and broad, deflected in front ; eyes very prominent, 
their outer margins ^vider than the anterior margin of the pro- 




Fig. 242. — C Id' lip ira licolor. 

notum ; pronotum elongate, the posterior margin deflexed, the 
posterior angles somewhat foveate and elongate ; scutellum with 
a long erect spine near apex ; hemelytra not quite reaching the 
apex of abdomen ; legs long and slender ; antennse elongate ; 
rostrum about reaching the intermediate coste, the penultimate 
joint a little shorter than the apical joint, which is the longest. 



412 COKEID.E. 

670. Curupira Mcolor, Dht. A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 426 (1901). 

Ochraceous : anterior third of pronotum, base of scutellum, 
sternum, and sometimes inner margins of latei'al lobes of head,, 
plumbaginous ; posterior angles of prosteruum broadly ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath reddish-ochraceous, \A'ith its lateral margins 
luteous ; e3'es castaneous ; pronotum, scntellum, and sternum 
thickly and coarsely punctate ; second and third joints of antennoD 
subeqnal in length, fourtli longest ; spine to scntellum long 
and obliquely ascendant. 

Length 7 to 9 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Metauja, Bharao, Karennee {Fea). — Found in 
the Malay Peninsula, and distributed throughout the Malayan 
xlrchipelago. 

Division ALYDARIA. 
Alydarla, Stal, En. Hem. \i\, p. 85 (1873). 

Pronotum posteriorly^ more or less broader than the bead ; head 
large, not or slightly shorter than the prouotum ; first joint of 
the rostrum not extending mucb behind eyes ; posterior femora 
sometimes spinous. 

This is a somewhat large Division, represented in all the zoolo- 
gical regions, but very poorly so in the fauna of British India, only 
t\AO genera out of twenty-two known to entomologists having 
been recorded thence hitherto. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Posterior femora unarmed ; odoriferous aper- 

tures very obscure and difficult to 

distinguish Euthetus, p. 41 2. 

B. Posterior femora spiued beneath : odoriferous 

apertures distinct PiIPTortus, p. 413. 

Genus EUTHETUS. 

Euthetus, Ball. List Hem. pp. 467 & 479 (1852) : Stlil, En. Hem. 
iii, p. 91 (1873). 

Type, E. pidcTieUvs, Dall. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

Head triangular ; antennae rather more than half the length of 
the body ; basal joint shorter than the head, second joint a little 
more than half the length of the first ; third joint nearly as long 
as the first and second together, fourth longest ; rostrum short,. 
scarcely passing the anterior coxae ; first and second joints nearly 
equal in length ; first joint very stout, nearly as long as the head ; 
third joint shortest, fourth shorter than the first and second ; legs 
long and slender, especially the posterior legs, the femora of whicli 
are unarmed and the tibiae straight ; tarsi long and slender, the 
basal joint forming two-thirds of the length of the Avhole tarsus. 



RIPTOBTrS, 



413 




Fig. 243. — Euthetiis pulchelhis. 



071. EuthetUS pulcliellus, Dall. List Hem. ii, p. 479, pi. xiv, f. 3 
(1852). 

" Head black, witli the tip testaceous ; pronotum brownish- 
testaceous, thickly aud 
tinely punctured, with the 
disk and some small spots 
on the sides brown, the 
lateral and hinder margins 
black ; scutellum blackish, 
very finely punctured ; 
corium brown, thickly aud 
finely punctured and irro- 
rated with testaceous, the 
apex yellow ; membrane 
brownish ; abdomen be- 
neath black, with the 
centre of the base dull 
red, and a yellow trans- 
verse band, interrupted iu 
the middle, on the posterior 
margin of the third segment ; sternum black, finely aciculated, 
with a yellow spot at the base of each leg, prosternum minutely 
punctate, metasteruum red ; coxae and trochanters red ; femora 
brown ; posterior femora with a yellow ring near the apex, and the 
apex itself black ; tibiae testaceous, beset with short, stiff, black 
hairs, and with the apex brown ; tarsi testaceous, beset with stiff 
black hairs like the tibiae, with the apex brown; rostrum black; 
antennae with the first three joints whitish testaceous, with a few- 
minute black hairs, their tips bro\^nish ; apical joint dusky, with 
the base dull yellow."' (Dallas.) 
Length 9 millim. 

Hah. North India (Bo7js, Brit. Mus.). 

I have only seen the typical specimen of this species, which is 
here figured. 

Genus RIPTORTUS. 

Riptortus, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 18.")9, p. 4G0 : id. En. Hem. 

iii, p. 90 (1873). 
Subg. Melanolamprus, St8.l, En. Hem. iii, p. 93 (1873). 

Type, R. dentipes, Fabr., found in Africa and Madagascar. 

Distribution. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australasian Eegions ; 
also found in China. 

Head no broader than the base of the pronotum ; eyes promi- 
nent, subpedunculate ; fourth joint of the antennae longer than the 
two preceding joints taken together ; scutellum not reaching the 
base of the metanotum ; rostrum with the second joint not or 
slightly longer than the fourth ; basal margin of the pronotum 
bisiuuate before the scutellum ; tibiae moderately compressed, 
posterior femora spinose. 



414 



COREID.i;. 



672. Eiptortus pedestris, Fahr. (Genis) Sijst. Ent. p. 727 (1775) r. 
Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 64 (1868). 
Cimex pedes, Gmel. 8yd. Nat. \, iv, p. 2191 (1788). 

Dark brownish ochraceoiis, finely and obscurely ocliraceously 
pilose ; posterior margin of the pronotum and a lateral fascia 
on each side of head, not extending beyond base of antennae, 
dark castaneous ; sternum somewhat reddish-ochraceous, with 
prominent pale Isevigate ochraceous spots placed near the coxae; 
abdomen beneath and legs ochraceous, the first mottled with 
fuscous : abdomen above olivaceous, largely bimaculated with 
ochraceous ; coanexivum ochraceous, with large fuscous spots ; 
posterior femora thickly mottled with reddish-brown ; posterior 
tibiae with the bases and apices reddish-brown ; lateral pronotal 
spines black. 




Fig. 244. — Eiptortus loedesfris. 

Length 15 to 18 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 4 
millim. 

Hah. Bombay (LeitJi). Bangalore {Cameron). Ceylon {Lewis). 
Khiisi Hills {ChenneU). Burma; Arrakan {Coll. Dist.), Karennee 
{Fea). — Also received from the Malay Peninsula. 



G73. Eiptortus fuscus, Fahr. (Lygaeus) E/d. Si/st. Suppl. p. 539 
(1798) ; Stal, Hem. Fahr. i, p." 64 (1868). 
Alydus ventralis, Westiv. in Hope Cat. ii, p. 20 (1842). 
Alydus major, Dolirn, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 402 (1860). 

Closely allied to the preceding species {R. jicdestrls), and 
principally differing from it by the partial or total absence of the 
pale laevigate sternal spots, which even when present are small and 
usually obliterated on the metasternum. 

Length 13 to 17 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 4 
millim. 

Hah. Bengal {Stocl-holm 3his.). Bombay {Leitli). Bangalore 



RIPXOBTCJS. 415- 

{Cameron). Cejlon. Burma: Kareauee (Fea). — Also received 
from the Malay Peninsula. 

I have a specimen taken off the coast of Malabar in lat. 
7" 46' N., long. 70° 26' E. 

674. Riptortus linearis, Fabr. (Lygseus) Si/sf. Enf. p. 710 (1775) ; 

StcV, Hem. Fahv. i, p. 64 (1868). 
Alydus dentipes, Herr.-Schaff. Wnnz. Ins. viii, p. 99, f. 867" 

(1848). 
Alydus clavatus, Dohrn, Steff. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 402 (1860). 

Dark cinnamon-brown ; pronotum, scutellum, corium, and 
lateral areas of sternum distinctly punctate ; first, second, and 
third joints of antennae, fascia at base of head between eyes, 
central fascia to head beneath, lateral angular spines to pronotum, 
disk of sternum, and abdomen black ; a sublateral Itcvigate pale 
ochraceous fascia margined with black on each side of head and 
sternum ; lateral areas, base, and some spots on discal black of 
abdomen, luteous ; a small spot at the middle of posterior pronotal 
margin, and the apex of the scutellum, pale luteous. 

Length 14 to 16 ; breadth between pronotal angles 3 to 3| 
millim. 

Hah. Sikhim, Darjeeling (CoZL Dist.). Bangalore (Cameron). 
Bor Ghat (Di.ro/O- Ceylon {Green Sf- Lewis). Burma; Metanja, 
Bhamo, Palon {Fea). Tenasserim ; Myitta {Dohert)/), Meetan, 
Kawkareet (Fea). — Also received from several islands of the 
Malayan Archipelago. 

675. Riptortus Strenuus, Hon: Term. Filzeteh, 1889, p. 35. 

" Cinnamon-brown, greyish-silky ; antennae unicolorous, bodv 
concolorous, head with the vertex behind eyes and between ocelli 
and eyes black : head beneath, a long spine at the lateral pronotal 
angles, disks of sternum and abdomen black ; a lateral fascia to 
head and sternum pale luteous, Isevigate, above and beneatli 
margined with black, this fascia is broader on the meso- and meta- 
sterna than on the head and prosternum ; abdomen with the base 
and lateral areas pale luteous, a median broad black vitta on 
each side and at apex of fourth and tifth segments angularly 
produced ; posterior femora beneath and apices of posterior tibiae 
black ; rostrum extending to the intermediate coxa?. 

" Allied to E. linearis but larger, antenna) and body concolorous ; 
rostrum not passing the intermediate coxae ; lateral pronotal spines 
longer, the lateral fascia to head and sternum unequal in 
breadth, &c. 

" Length YSh millim." 

Hah. Himalaya {Budapest Mus.). 

I have not seen this species and reproduce Horvath's description. 



416 cokeid.t:. 



Subfamily TV. CORIZIN.E. 

Coriziiia, Stal, Ofc. J'et.-Ak. Fork. 1872, uo. 0, p. 50. 

From the previous subfamilies of the Coreidse the Corizinoe may 
be distinguished by having the odoriferous orifices sometimes 
indistinguishable, and by having only the dorsal surface of the 
fourth abdominal segment at base and apex more or less medially 
sinuate. 

A somewhat small subfamily universally distributed, but scantily 
represented in the fauna of British India. It contains four 
divisions, of which only two require notice here. 



Division COIUZARIA. 

Corizaria, StdJ^ Fn. Hon. iii, p. 97 (1873). 

Anterior lateral margins of the pronotum not or obtusely 
sinuate ; areole at anterior apical area of corium quadi'angular. 

The above characters are sufficient to enable the Corizaria to be 
distinguished from the Serinetharia, the only other division found 
in British India. 

The Corizaria are now all included in oi:e genus ; a number 
of others have been proposed, but are by general consent con- 
sidered only as sectional divisions of the genus Corizus. 



Genus CORIZUS. 

Corizus, Fallen, Spec. Nov. Hem. di-ip. metJi. e.tJn'b. p. 8 (1814). 

Niesthrea, >Spi7i. Fss. Hem. p. 245 (1840). 

lihopalus, Fieher, Fur. Hem. p. 232 (1861). 

Bracbycareniis, Fieher, I. c. p. 236 (1861). 

Colobatus, Mids. ^f Jiey, Pun. Frcmce, pp. 105 & 137 (1870). 

Subg. Liorhyssus, Stal, En. Hem. i, p. 222 (1870). 

Subg. Arhyssus, StaL I. c. i, p. 223 (1870). 

Stictopleurus, Stal, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. For/i. 1872, no. 6, p. 55. 

.Eschvntelus, Stal, I. c. 1872, no. 6, p. 55. 

Peliochrous, St8l, En. Hem. iii, pp. 97 & 98 (1873). 

Type, G. crassieornis, Linn., a Palnearctic species, also reported 
from America. 

Distribution. Universal. 

First joint of the antennae short, incrassated, not or very slightly 
passing the apex of the head, fourth joint longer than the third ; 
head more or less narrowed behind the eyes and moderately 
porrectly produced in front. 

The species have the hemelytra more or less transparent and 
the venation strongly developed ; the membrane is transparent 
hyaline. 



COEIZUS. 



417 



676. Corizus rubicundus, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fi: 1859, p. 86 ; Ktrbi/ 
(Rliopalus), J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 97 (1891). 

Head and pronotum reddish-ocliraceous ; head sometimes with 
a central hue at apes, and generally with the area of the ocelli 
blackish ; pronotum with an anterior and posterior transverse 
black fascia, both centrally broken ; a central line at base of head, 
continued through the anterior prouotal fascia, and the posterior 
margin of the pronotum ochraceous ; scutellum black, its apex 




Fig. 245. — (Jortius ruliicimdus. 

reddish or ochraceous ; corium ochraceous, its apical area more or 
less reddish- piceous or reddish : body beneath red ; abdomen with 
a series of luteous spots on each lateral area, the extreme lateral 
margins alternately black and ochraceous ; legs castaneous ; the 
head, pi'onotum, and scutellum coarsely punctate ; lateral margius 
of the body, disk of body beneath, aud legs somewhat longly hirsute. 

Length 6 to Qk millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green). 

I agree with Kirby in considering Signoret's description some- 
what loose and taken from a discoloured specimen. This appears 
to be the commonest species of Corizus in Ceylon, or certainly the 
one most commonly received from that island. 

677. Corizus bengalensis, Z»fl«. (Rhopalus)i/Aif^m.ii^p.528(1852). 

"■ Testaceous ; head with several black points and lines ; prono- 
tum thickly and finely punctured with black, with the anterior aud 
lateral margins im punctate, aud with a transverse black line, 
interrupted in the middle close to the anterior inargin ; scutellum 
somewhat acute at the apex, punctured with black and clothed 
with long whitish hairs, the apex very minutely punctured, whitish ; 
elytra transparent, nervures of the basal portion yellowish ; wino-s 
transparent, iridescent ; back of the abdomen black, thickly and 
minutely punctured, with the apical segment impunctate ; the disk 
with two fulvous spots placed oue behind the other, and on each 
side of the penultimate segment at its posterior margin a small 
yellowish spot ; the last segment has the margius and a short 
central streak yellow; margins yellow, indistinctly banded with 
ferruginous : body beneath ochi'aceous ; abdomen impunctate, 
clothed with shoi't pale hairs ; sternum thickly punctured : ceutre 

VOL. I. 2 E 



418 COREID^. 

of inesosternum black, with a distinct canal ; legs pale yellow, very 
minutely punctured with brown ; tarsi with the tips of the first 
and third jomts and the claws blackish ; rostrum pale yellow, with 
the apex black ; antennae pale yellow, with a brown line along 
the upper surface of the first three joints." (Dallas.) 

Length G to 6| millim. 

Hab. North Bengal {Gamphdl, Brit. Mus.). Bombay; Bor 
Ghat (Divon). 

678. Corizus semicruciatus, Motsch. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc 1863, p. 77 
Head, pronotum, scutellum, clavus, base, apex, and apical 

margin of corium pale brown ; corium pale greenish-white and talc- 
like ; four spots on anterior area of pronotum, two smallest cen- 
tral, one larger near each anterior angle, a central longitudinal line 
on posterior pronotal area, ochraceous ; scutellum with a subcruci- 
form levigate ochraceous carina ; legs ochraceous, femora with a 
subapical brown annulation ; apices of the tarsi black. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon (Lewis). 

679. Corizus brevicoUis, Motsch. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1863, p. 77. 

Allied to C. semicruciatus, but the thorax shorter and unicolorous, 
subferruginous ; fuscous-punctate ; membrane at base with a 
median rufous-testaceous spot ; apex punctured on each side with 
piceous, an apical median spot translucent : body beneath rufous- 
testaceous ; eyes prominent, piceous ; head rufous-ferruginous, 
anteriorly deflected, shining, apex longitudinally ridged, the 
elevated portion somewhat whitishly pallescent ; antennae and 
legs cretaceous obscurely annulated with fuscous. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Nuwera-Ellia (vide Motschouls'ky). 

Division SERINETHARIA. 

Serinetharia, Stal, En. Hem. iii, p. 97 (1873). 

Anterior lateral margins of the pronotum distinctly angulately 
emargiuate ; areolus at interior apical area of corium triangular. 

These insects are almost universally distributed ; the two largest 
genera are Serinetha and Jadera, the first almost confined to the 
Old, and the last entirely represented in the New World. In the 
Palsearctic region their numbers are much fewer. 

Genus SERINETHA. 
Serinetha, Spin. Ess. p. 247 (1837); Stdl, En. Hem. iii, p. m 

(1873). 
Leptocoris, Hahn, Wanz. Ins. i, p. 200 (1831). 
Pyrrbotes, Westw. (part.) in Hope Cat. il, p. 6 (1842). 
Lygffioinorphus, Blanch. Hist, des Ins. iii, p. 116 (1840). 
Tynotoma, A7tiy. Sf Sero. Hem. p. 220 (1843). 

Type, S. ahdominalis, Pabr. 



SEEINETHA. 



419 



Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

Third joint o£ the rostrum as long as the fourth or longer ; first 
joint of the antennae a little shorter than the head ; ocelli slightly 
nearer to the eyes than to each other ; a very distinct nodule be- 
hind eyes ; pronotum with a distinct anterior collar, its lateral 
margins ampliated and more or less convex, angularly emarginate 
before the outer angles of the anterior collar, its posterior margin 
subtruncate : corium with the lateral margins distinctly reflexed 
except on apical area ; membrane with numerous prominent longi- 
tudinal veins ; hemelytra broader and longer than the abdomen ; 
legs moderately long and slender, posterior legs with the tibiae 
longer than the femora. 

680. Serinetha abdominalis, Fabr. (Lygajus) Syst. Rhynq. p. 226 

(1803) ; Burm. (Leptocoris) Handh. ii, p. 305 (183.5) ; Blanch. 
(Lygoeomorphus) Hist, des his. iii, p. 116 (1840) ; Westiv. (Pyrrhotes) 
in Hope, Cat. ii, p. 26 (1842) ; Stc%l, Hem. Fabr. i, p. 08 (1868). 

Lygseus augur, Fabr. (part.) Ejit. Syst. iv, p. 161. 88 (1794). 

Leptocoris rufus, Halm, Wanz. Ins. i, p. 201, f. 102 (1831). 

Serinetha taprobanensis, Dall. List Hem. ii, p. 461 (1852). 

Leptocoris bahram, Kirlcaldy, Bull. Liverpool Mns. ii, p. 46 (1899). 

Sanguineous, in the variety taprobanensis ochraceous ; antenna;, 

legs, membrane, disks of 
sternum and abdomen be- 
neath piceous, the piceous 
area beneath less intense 
and greyishly pilose ; head 
rugosely excavated ; pro- 
notum thickly and some- 
what coarsely punctate, the 
lateral margins hirsute ; 
legs longly pilose. 

Length 16 to 20 raillim. 
Hab. Bombay (Brit. 
Mas.'). Calcutta {Inch 
Mus.). Assam. Ceylon 
{Green Sf Leiuis). Upper 
Tenasserim {Coll. Dist.). — Island of Socotra. The pale form tapro- 
banensis, Dall., is apparently dominant in Ceylon; it is, however, 
not infrequent at Calcutta, and is the Socotran form recently re- 
described by Kirkaldy. 

681. Serinetha rufomarginata. Fair. (Lygseus) Ent. Syst. iv, p. 152. 

56 (1794) ; Dall. List Hem. ii, p. 460 (1852) ; Stal, Hem. Fabr. i, 
p. 68 (1868). 

Piceous ; head, lateral areas of pronotum, lateral margins of 
corium, both above and beneath, lateral margins of sternum and 
abdomen and apex of abdomen sanguineous ; the black coloration 
beneath greyishly pilose ; pronotum obsoletely centrally carinate ; 
apical joint of antennae somewhat greyishly pilose ; head with a 
very distinct incision in front of and between the ocelli. 




Fig. 2'iQ.— Serinetha ahdominalis. 



420 COKEID^. 

Length 18 to 21 millim. 

Hah. Calcutta {Incl. Mus.). — Usually received from North Borneo 
and the Pliilippines. 

682. Serinetha augur, Fabr. (Cimex) Spec. Ins. ii, p. 366 (1781) ; 

Biirm. (Leptocoris) Handb. ii, p. 305 (1835) ; Stal, Hem. Fabr. \, 
p. 68 (1868). 
Lygseus chalcocephalus, Fahr. Syst. Rhyng. p. 226 (1803). 

Pale sanguineous ; antennae, rostrum, legs, and membrane 
piceous ; pronotum very distinctly centrally carinate and finely 
punctate, its lateral margins moderately hirsute. 

Length 14 to 16 millim. 

Hah. Bengal (StocMohn Mus.). Calcutta {Ind. Mus.). Bombay 
{Elliott). Madras. Ceylon (G-'>ve»). Assam (Co?7. Dw^.). Upper 
Tenasserim {Coll. Dist.). — Also received from West Yunnan, the 
Malay Peninsula, and Hainan. 

683. Serinetha corniculata, Stdl, Berl. ent. Zeit. x, p. 381 (1866). 

Croceous : antennae excepting basal joint, apex of rostrum, 
three large lateral spots to sternum, membrane, lateral segmental 
series of transverse spots to abdomen, tibiae, and tarsi blackish ; 
head with a short conical tubercle in front of eyes, pronotum with 
distinct collar ; hemelytra shghtly punctate, the lateral margins 
somewhat rounded and broadly subreflected ; pronotal carina 
distinct. 

Length 14 millim. 

Hah. " India Orientalis " {Stocl-Jiolm Mus.). 

I have not seen this species. 

684. Serinetha vicina, Ball. List Hem. ii, p. 460 (1852). 
Astacops nigricoinis, Walk. Cat. Het. v, p. 36. 12 (1872). 
Serinetha coxalis, Kirby, J. Linn. Sac, Zool. xxiv, p. 93 (1891). 

Red ; antennas except at extreme base beneath, scutellum, 
membrane, legs except the coxae, sternum, and ventral surface of 
-abdomen, except at the sides and extremity, black. 

" Easily recognizable by the conspicuous red coxae on a black 
background " {Kirhy). 

Length 14 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Green). — Also recorded from the Philippines and 
Timor. 

685. Serinetha dallasi, Dohm, Sfett. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 402 (1860). 

Eeddish-brown, coarsely punctate _; head red, the margins 
fuscous-pilose ; eyes and ocelli sangaineous ; pronotum with a 
distinct anterior collar and with a median carinate line, posteriorly 
fuscescent ; membrane black ; beneath obsoletely reddish-brown ; 
legs, antennae, excepting base of first joint, piceous ; rostrum black 
and reaching the middle of the third abdominal segment. 

Length 12 to 15 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon {Dolirn). 

A species unseen by the writer. 



BERYTIDiE. 421 



Family BERYTID^. 

This family is readily distinguished from the Coreidse by the 
long and slender legs, with the nodulosely clavate apices of the 
femora. 

The Berytidse have been often treated as a section of the family 
Coreidoe, as by Dallas and Uhler, and by the present writer in the 
' Biologia Centrali-Americana,' but the consensus of opinion is 
now in favour of separation, and that view is here adopted. Stfd 
(En. Hem. iv, p. 127, 1874) incorporated the Berytidse with the 
Lygoeidee. The family is not a large one, and we know most about 
the Palaearctic species, which have been more assiduously collected, 
their small size and fragile structure having apparently caused them 
to be overlooked by tropical collectors. This is evident by the 
paucity of our knowledge concerning tlie species in British India ; 
of these only three can now be enumerated, two of which represent 
new genera. The Berytidae are probably universally distributed. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Posterior femora not reaching apex of 

abdomen; hemelytra shorter than abdomen. Paleologus, p. 421. 

B, Posterior femora reaching or passing apex of 

abdomen ; hemelytra not shorter than 
abdomen. 
a. Pronotum convex, its anterior lateral mar- 
gins sinuate Metacanthus, p. 422. 

f}. Pronotum long, subquadrate, its lateral 

margins straight Hubertiella, p. 423. 



Genus PALEOLOGUS, nov. 

Type, P.feanus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Body long, narrow; posterior femora not reaching apex of 
abdomen ; hemelytra much shorter than abdomen ; head deflected 
anteriorly, with two spines at apex, and a longer spine above them 
starting from between the antennal bases, gradually narrowed and 
pointed and extending considerably beyond the lower apical spines ; 
pronotum longer than the head, subquadrate, a strong spine directed 
forward at lateral basal angles of anterior lobe, and a similar spine 
directed backward at each lateral angle, and a long, more up- 
wardly directed spine near basal centre ; scutellum armed with a 
long backwardly directed spine ; hemelytra extending a little 
beyond the middle of abdomen, the upper surface of which is 



422 



BBEYTIDjE. 



more or less concavely excavate ; antennae with the basal joint 
longest and with its apex incrassated, second shorter than 

third, fourth very short and 
^ ' moderately incrassate; rostrum 

with the first joint reaching 
eyes, second joint longest ; legs 
with the anteiior and inter- 
mediate femora and tibiae almost 
sLibequal in length, posterior 
tibiae much longer than pos- 
terior femora, apices of femora 
moderately clavate. 

686. Paleologus feanus, sp. n. 

Pale ochraceous,legs luteous; 
pronotum with two tubercular 
spots on anterior lobe, and 
with three longitudinal pale 
luteous levigate fasciae, one 
central and two lateral, on 
posterior lobe ; pronotum, cla- 
vus, and corium distinctly 
thickly punctate, lateral mar- 
gins of corium palely levigate ; 
membrane large, palely infus- 
cated ; abdomen above and 
beneath testaceous ; sternum 
• coarsely punctate. Structural 
characters as detailed in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 10 millim. 

Hob. Burma; Karennee(i^<?a). 
Fig. 2'^!.— Paleologus feanus. 




Genus MET ACANTHUS. 

Metacanthus, Costa, Atti Ac. Nap. 1848, p. 258 ; Fieb. Eur. Hem. 

p. 213 (1861) ; Saund. Hem. Het. Brit. Islds. p. 65 (1892). 
Armaiius, 3fids. 4- Hey. Pun. France, Cor. p. 187 (1870). 

Type, M. elegans, Curtis, a Palaearctic species. 

Bisiribution. Palaearctic and Oriental Regions. 

Elongate, sides of the head behind the eyes subparallel, vertes 
raised and convex ; antennae long and slender, first joint with the 
apex clavate, second and third subequal, apical short and thickened ; 
pronotum convexly liaised and trituberculate posteriorly ; scutellum 
with a long curved spine arising from near its base ; clavus very 
short and apical margin of the corium very long, membrane large ; 
legs very long and slender, femora clavate at apices. 



HUBEBTIELLA. 



423 



Although only one Oriental species is known, there are doubtless 
many others to be discovered, their small and fragile forms easily 
escaping the attention of collectors. 




Fig. 2'i^.— Met acanthus 
■pulchellus. 



687. Metacanthus pulchellus, Ball. List 
Hem. u, p. 490 (1852). 

"Pale testaceous; head impunctate, 
brownish, with the sides and a longitu- 
dinal central line whitish ; prouotum 
thickly and finely punctured, with three 
Avhitish tubercles forming a transverse 
line near the anterior margin, and a 
raised whitish line running down the 
centre of the pronotum and terminating 
in a large tubercle at the posterior 
margin ; scutellum with a long, upright, 
slightly crooked, whitish spine ; heme- 
lytra semitransparent throughout, wings 
transparent; legs whitish, with numerous 
minute brown or blackish rings ; clubs 
of the femora and tips of the tarsi 
brown; antennae whitish, with numerous 
brown rings similar to those on the legs ; 
second and third joints about equal ; 
apical joint short, ovate, black." {Dallas.) 

Length 4 millim. 

Hah. North India {Boys, Brit. 
Mm.). 

The figure is taken from the type, 
the only specimen I have seen. 



Genus HUBERTIELLA. 

Hubertiella, Kirkaldy, .7. Bomhmj N. H. Soc. xiv, p. 302 (1902). 

Type, H. cardamomi, Kirkaldy. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Elongate ; hemelytra as long as the abdomen ; posterior femora 
passing the apex of abdomen ; head unarmed, convex, deflected 
anteriorly ; rostrum reaching the apical margin of metasternum, 
basal joint shorter than the head, about reaching the area of the 
ocelli ; first joint of each of the antennae with its apex incrassated 
and about twice as long as second, third longer than second, fourth 
short and thickened ; pronotum tricarinate, and with three small 
tubercles on posterior area, the carina? not reaching the slightly 
sinuate posterior margin ; odoriferous apertures very large ; 
scutellum armed with a long curved spine ; tarsi three-jointed, 
first joint longer than the other two together, third longer than 
second. 



424 



BERYTIDJE. 



688. Hubertiella cardamomi, Kirkaldy, J. Bombay N. H. Soc. xiv, 
p. 303, pi. A. f. 16, pi. C. f. 5 (1902). 

Head and anterior lobe of prouotum brown with yellowish hairs, 
posterior lobe ochraceous with large golden punctures, two large 
dark spots on anterior lobe and the same on posterior lobe ; 
antennae and legs luteous, thickly granulated with black ; apical 
joint of antennae excluding apex black ; eyes black ; head 




Fig. 249. — Hubertiella cardamomi. 
beneath and sternum blackish with yellowish hairs ; hemelytra 
hyaline, the membrane infuscated ; abdomen above and beneath 
pale reddish-brown, beneath with an obscure sublateral fasciate 
line, the whole thickly covered with very short pale hairs. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Pundaluoya ((^retH). 

Found by Mr. Green on the under surface of leaves of Cardamom 
{Elettaria cardamomuni). 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



abbreviatum (Copto- 

soma), 25. 
abbreviatus (Homoeo- 

cerus), 369. 
abdomiualis (Callidea), 

62. 
abdominalis (Oyclopelta), 

281. 
abdominalis (Geotomus), 

99. 
abdominalis (Notobitus), 

372. 
abdominalis (Serinetlia), 

419. 
Abeona, 217. 
aberrans (Ochrochira), 

342. 
Acanthocoris, 385. 
Acanthosoma, 315. 
AcanthosomatiniB, 313. 
Acantbosomida, 313. 
Acantbosomina, 313. 
Acatalectus, 89. 
Acesine.s, 231. 
acicularis (Plinacbtus), 

391. 
Acrcisternum, 219. 
aculeata (Audinetia), 

253. 
acuminata (Erthesina), 

118. 
acuta (Leptocorisa), 410. 
acuticosta(Dalader), 352. 
acutus (Gonocerus), 394. 
acutus (Pygoplatys), 

261. 
adjuncta (Brachyplatvs), 

11. 
Adria, 139. 
Adrisa, 89. 

adspersus(Vittorius),381 . 
.Sdnus, 132. 
segyptiaca (Scbizops), 293. 
^liomorplia, 138. 
jEnaria, 141. 
senescens (Ambiorix), 

239. 
YOL. I. 



aenescens (Eusarcocoris), 

166. 
aeneus (Eusarcocoi-is), 

166. 
£equalis (jEtbus), 96. 
Eeruginosus (Hyllus), 

182. 
airuginosus (Mattiphus), 

270. 
.Sscbroeoraria, 160. 
jEscbroeoris, 162. 
jEscbrus, 162. 
jEscbyntelus, 416. 
^tbus, 90. 
afer (Cimex), 218. 
afBnis (Dalpada), 112. 
afEais (Gynenica), 188. 
affinis (Mictis), 346. 
affinis (Notobitus), 372. 
afBnis (Paterculus), 233. 
affinis (Pbyllocepbala), 

291. 
affinis (Podops), 74. 
affinis (Sastragala), 318. 
affinis (Tectocoris), 45. 
afflictus(Phavorinus),236. 
Agseus, 120. 
Agatboeles, 198. 
agilis (Stenocepbalus), 

406. 
Agonoscelis, 189. 
alaticornis (Anaxandra), 

324. 
alatus (Rbyncbocoris), 

213. 
albidens (Ebapbigaster), 

226. 
albiditarsis (Ocbrocbira), 

342. 
albidus (Cimex), 159. 
albiguttulus (Homceo- 

cerus), 361. 
albiventris (Homceo- 

cerus), 362. 
albivittis (Gellia), 301. 
albomaculata (Zaugis), 

223. 



albonotatus (Actuarius), 

242. 
alces (Placosternum),210. 
Alcimocoris, 175. 
AlcimuB, 175. 
aliena (Pentatoma), 2.53. 
Alpbocoris, 67. 
alternans (Aspongopus), 

280. 
alternans (Nevisanus), 

122. 
alternata (Tessaratoma), 

274. 
Alydaria,-341'. lilX- 
Alydina, 407. 
Alydiua;, 407. 
Ainacosia, 281. 
Amasenus, 201. 
Amaurochrous, 72. 
Amauropepla, 78. 
Amaurus, 285, 
Ambiorix, 239. 
Amblycara, 217. 
ametbystina (Edessa), 

274. 
ametbystina (Scutellera), 

51. 
ametbystinus (Cimex), 

274. 
Amissus, 262. 
Amnestoides, 104. 
amplectens (Mictis),'.334. 
amplicoUis (Carpona), 

273. 
amplicoUis (Mygdonia), 

341. 
amygdali (Apodiphus), 

115. 
Amyntaria, 142. 
Amyntor, 144. 
Amyotea, 254. 
amyoti (Coptosoma), 25. 
Auaca, 182. 
Anacantbocoris, 355. 
Anacantbus, 355. 
Analocus, 165. 
Anaxandra, 321 . 
■ 2v 



426 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



anchora (Antestia), 183. 
andamanensis (Chryso- 

coris), 60. 
andamaneusis (Codron- 

chus), 5. 
angularis (Tessaratoma), 

259. 
angulatus (Homceocerus), 

360. 
angulosa (Antestia), 186. 
angusta (Podisusluridus, 

var.), 254. 
angustatus (Cimex), 410. 
angustus (Cimex), 410. 
anisopilus (Pcecilocoris), 

45. 
Anisoscelaria, 381. 
Anisoscelis, 382. 
Anoplocephala, 285. 
Anoplocnemis, 346. 
antennata (Nezara), 220. 
antenuata (Tolumnia), 

155. 
anteunatus (Eusthenes), 

267. 
antennatus (Laprius), 

130. 
antennatus (Pendulinus), 

389. 
Antestia, 183. 
Antestiaria, 180. 
Antbeminia, 157. 
antica (Ouspicona), 242. 
anticus (Acautbocoris), 

386. 
anticus (Homceocerus), 

357. 
Apateticus, 253. 
apicalis (Greotomus), 99. 
apicalis (Hypencba), 260. 
apic»lis (Menida), 228. 
apicifera (Dalpada), 112. 
apicifera (Melanodema), 

69. 
Apiues, 186. 
Apodipbus, 115. 
Apodipbya, 115. 
Apcecilus, 254. 
arabica(Pentatoma), 158. 
aradoides (Garsauria), 

103. 
Arctocoris, 70. 
arcuata (Rbabdocoris), 

410. 
ardens (Fitba), 64. 
Argocoris, 66. 
argus (I;ygaius), 255. 
Arhyssus, 416. 
Arnianus, 422. 
arniiger (Asopus), 248. 
Artbropterida, 3. 



Artbroptei-idae, 3. 
Ascbisius, 369. 
Asiarcba, 272. 
AsopinjE, 243. 
Asopus, 254. 
aspera (Dalpada), 110. 
asperura (Elasmostetbus,) 

330. 
Aspidestropbus, 80. 
Aspilosterna, 344. 
Aspongopus, 281. 
assamense (Coptosoiua), 

27. 
assaraensis (Aspongopus), 

285. 
assamensis (Exitbemus), 

199. 
assimilis (Ortboscbizops), 

125. 
Astyanax, 178. 
Asyla, 123. 
Atelides, 288. 
aterrima (Bracbypelta), 

101. 
atkinsoni (Homceocerus), 

359. 
atkinsoni (Menida), 229. 
atlas (Amissus), 262. 
atomaria (Tetroda), 300. 
atomarium (Coptosoma), 

22. 
atriventris (Cbrysocoris). 

56. 
Audinetia, 252. 
augur (Lygoius), 419. 
augur (Serinetha), 420. 
aui'antiacum (Penta- 

toma). 219. 
aurantius (Cimex), 219. 
Aurelianus, 340. 
austriaeus (Tbyreocoris), 

68. 7 

Axiagastus, 1^9. 

baccarum (Dolvcoris), 

159. 
baccarum, var. brevipilis 

(Dolycorig), 159. 
badius (Macroscytus). 95. 
Bagrada, 193. 
babram (Leptocoris), 

419. 
balteata (Nezara), 220. 
balteatus (Pcecilocoris), 

45. 
baro (Callidea), 54. 
baro (Cimex), 54. 
basalica (Callidea), 57. 
basalis (Plinacbtus), 391. 
beccarii (Microrbyncbus), 

103. 



Bellocoris, 68. 

bellula (Cletomorpba), 

396. 
bellula (Coptosoma), 30. 
bellus (Dunnius), 233. 
Belopis, 143. 
bengalensis (Callidea), 57. 
bengalensis (Corizus), 

417. 
bengalensis (Cydnus), 93. 
bengalensis (Lepto- 

corisa), 410. 
benita (Cletomorpba), 

397. 
berylina (Pentatoma), 

220. 
beryllus (Zangis), 222. 
Berytidfe, 421. 
Bessida, 295. 
bbutanicus (Compastes), 

200. 
bicolor (Bracbytes), 354. 
bicolor (Curupira), 412. 
bicolor (Mictis), 346. 
bidens (Picromerus), 251. 
biguttata (Carbula), 172. 
biguttata (Leptocorisa), 

411. 
biguttatus (Homceo- 
cerus), 360. 
bilineata (Tetroda), 299. 
bimaculata (Pentatoma), 

173. 
bimaculata (Urocbela), 

311. 
binotata (Acantbosoma), 

329. 
binotata (Cantbecona), 

249. 
binotata (Sastragala), 

321. 
binotata (Urolabida), 

305. 
binotatus (Cimex), 172. 
biosculatum (Copto- 
soma), 27. 
biplagiata (Ocbrocbira), 

343. 
biplagiatus (Homceo- 
cerus), 356. 
bipunetatus (Cletus), 393. 
bisignata (Menida), 230. 
bispinosa (Podops), 77. 
bispinosa (Tetyra), 73. 
bistillatus (Cletus), 394. 
bistriga (Bracbyplatys), 

11. 
Blacbia, 247. 
blandula (Coptosoma), 

31. 
Bolaca, 144 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



427