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Full text of "Rhynehota .."

THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA, 



CEYLON AND BURMA. 

PUBLISHED UN DEE THE AUTHORITY OF THE SECRET AEr OP 
STATE FOR INDIA IN COUNCIL. 

EDITED BY A. E. SHIPLEY, M.A., HON. D.Sc., F.K.8. 
ASSISTED BY GUY A. K. MARSHALL, F.Z.S. 



EHYNCHOTA.-VOI. v. 

HETEROPTERA: APPENDIX. 

BY 

W. L. DISTANT. 



LONDON: 
TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



CALCUTTA: 
THACKER, SPIJTK, & CO. 



BOMBAY : 

THACKER & CO., LIMITED. 



BEELIN : 
R. FRIEDLANDEB $ SOHN, 11 CARLSTRASSE 



December, 1910. 




PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FBANCIS, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



' 

' 301 

FA? 



EDITORS' PREFACE* 



THE Editors wish to draw attention to the fact that the 
current volume completes the Appendix to the Heteropterous 
portion of the Indian Rhynchota, and Mr. Distant has given 
us descriptions of a large number of forms which have been 
collected in various localities in British India since the 
previous volumes were published. A further volume, which 
will form an Appendix to the Homoptera, will complete the 
enumeration of the Indian Rhynchota, with the exception 
of the families PSYLLID^E, APHIDID^E, ALEURODID^E, and 



The thanks of the Author and Editors are due for much 
help received from various sources in India, amongst which 
especial mention should be made of the Authorities at the 
Indian Museum, Calcutta, and the Imperial Entomologist 
at Pusa. 

It may be added that two other volumes of the Series are 
now in the Printers hands ; Canon W. W. Fowler's work 
on the CiciNDELiD^E, PAUSSID^E, and a General Introduction 
to the Coleoptera; and Di\ N. Annandale's work on the 
Freshwater Sponges, Polyzoa and Hydrida of India. 



December 1910. 



A. E. SHIPLEY. 

GUY A. K. MARSHALL. 



529932 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Fain. LYG^IDJE 
Subfam. 1. Lygceince . ... 


2 


Subfam. 3. Blissincc 

Pirkimerus, Dist 
nicobarensis, Dist 


17 
17 




9 


Macropes, Motsch 


17 






dilutus, Dist 


17 


indicatus, Dist. . 


3 


leucoderma, Bredd 


18 






sinhalanus, Kirk 


IK 


Oncopeltus, Stal 


4 


raja, Dist 


19 


rubricatus, Stal 
Lygaeus, Fabr 
saxatilis, Scop 


4 
4 
5 


singularis, Dist 
uniformis, Dist 


19 
20 


simla, Dist 


5 


privus, Dist 
thoracicus. Dist 


21 
91 


ecus, Dist 
Graptostethus, Stal 
collaris, Bredd. 
verticalis, Dull 
Aspilocoryphua, Stal . . . 
modestus, Dist 
Lygaeosoma, Spin 
Pyrrhobaphus, Stal 
scutellatus, Bredd. . . . 
Arocatus, Spin 
continctus, Dist 
Consivius, Dist 
collinus Dist 


6 
7 
7 
. 7 
8 
. 8 
. 9 
9 
. 9 
. 10 
. 10 
. 11 
11 


Ischnodemus, Fieb 
erebus, Dist 
atromaculat.us, Dist 

Subfam. 4. Geocorinee 

Geocoris, Fallen 
superbus, Montand 
dubreuili, Montand 
maindroni, Montand. . . 
kalighatus, Dist 
hirsutus, Montand 
puri, Dist. 


22 

22 
22 

23 

23 
23 

24 
25 

26 

27 
97 


Caenocoris, Fieb. 


12 


Gernialus, Stdl 


9q 


dimidiatus, Bredd. 


. 12 


greeni, Dist. . . 


39 


Nvsius, Dall 


13 






minor, Dist 
lacustrinus, Dist 
melanicus, Dist 

Subfam. 2. Cymince 


. 13 
. 13 
. 14 

. 15 


Subfam. 5. Colobatliristince . 

Phaenacantha, Horv 
sedula, Horv 
viridipennis, Horv 
Malcus, Stal 
Nerthus Dist 


30 

30 
31 
32 
32 
88 


Ninus, Stal 
singalensis, Bredd 
subunicolor, Bredd. . . . 
Cymus, Hahn 
nanulus, Bredd.. . 


. 15 
. 15 
. 15 
. 16 
16 


dudgeoni, Dist 

Subfam. 6, Heterogastrince . . 
Chauliops. Scott . 


33 

34 
34 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



lobatula, Bredd 


Page 

34 
35 


subsericea, Bredd 
Lemnius, Dist 


r l 

60 


Epibomius, Dist 


35 

36 


Potamiaena, Dist 
aurifera, Dist 


61 
61 




36 


Tropistethus, Fieb. ...... 


61 




37 


siinulaus, Dist 


62 


quadrirnaculata, Dist. . 
Sadoletus, Dist 
pallescens, Dist 
Diuomachus, Dist 


38 
38 
38 
39 
39 


Cligenes, Dist 
sexnotatus, Bergr 
Diniella, Bergr 
bengalensis, Dist 
Teutates, Dist 


62 
62 
62 
63 
63 


nitidiusculus, Dist. . . . 
indicus, Dist 


40 
40 


sculpturatus, Dist 
Adauctus, Dist 


64 
65 




41 


cupreus, Dist 


65 


typicus, Dist 
Euhemerus, Dist 
latus, Dist 

Subfara. 7. Pachygronthince . 

Subfam. 8. Oxycarenince . . . 

Oxycarenus, Fieb 
musculus, Bredd 
Maruthas Dist 


41 

42 
42 

43 

44 

. 44 
. 44 
44 


Kanigara, Dist 
flavomarginata, Dist. . . 
Aphanus, Laporte 
kangricus, Kirk 
dudgeoni, Dist 
ornatulus, Dist 
bengalensis, Dist 
suratensis, Dist 
Dieuches, Dohrn 
nudipes, Bredd 
horni, Bredd 
villosulus, Bredd 


66 
66 
67 
67 
68 
69 
69 
70 
71 
71 
72 
73 


saniosus, Dist 


45 


Uzza, Dist 


74 


Subfam. 9. Aphaninte 
Mahisa, Dist 


. 46 

46 


karenia, Dist 
Poeantius, Stitt 
lineatus, Stal 
Naudarensia, Dist 


75 
75 
75 
76 


ceromatica, Dist 
Navarrus, Dist 


. 46 

. 47 


manipurensis, Dist 
Letbjeus, Dall 


76 

77 


phseophilus, Walk. . . . 


. 48 


taprobanes, Kirk 
crassiceps, Dohrn. 


77 


Div. Myodocharia . . . 

Notochilaster, Bredd. . . . 


. 48 
. 48 


cariniilatus, Bredd 
Neolethaeus, Dist 
typicus, Dist 
Abanus, Dist 


78 
79 
80 
81 


teres, Bredd. . 


49 






Paromius, Fieb 


49 






Pamera, Say 
emersoni, Dist 


. 50 
. 50 


burmanicus, Dist 
denotatus, Dist. 


83 
84 


mimula, Bredd 
sinhalana, Kirk 
Pamerana, Dist. 


. 61 

. 52 
. 53 


Ereinocoris, Fieb 
indicus, Bredd 


84 
84 

QK 


cuneata, Dist 
Eucosmetus, Beryr 
mimicus, Dist. 


. 53 
. 54 
. 54 


Manatanus, Dist 
inontanus, Dist 
Lua Dist 


86 
86 

87 


Maramaldus, Dist 
admistus, Dist 
taprobanes, Kirk. ,,..'. 
Agunga, Dist 
crassa. Dist. . 


. 55 
. 55 

. 57 
. 58 
. 58 


tartarea, Dist 
Lispochroa, Bredd 
blandula, Bredd 
Atkinsonianus, Dist 
reticulatus, Dist. 


88 
89 
90 
90 
91 


fulgida, Dist 
Entisberus, Dist 


. 59 
. 59 


Gonsalvus, Dist 
spinosus, Dist. . 


91 
91 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Fam. PYRRHOCORID.S: .... 
Subfam. 1. Largirus 


Page 
92 

92 
92 


Jannseus, Dist 
cuneatus, Dist 
Bredenbachius, Dist 


.2? 

. 118 
. 119 
119 


convictionis, Dist 
Antilochus, StSl. 
Ectatops, Amy. Sf Serv. . . 


93 
94 
94 


delineatus, Dist 
annandalei, Dist 
humeralis, Dist 


. 119 
. . 120 
121 




94 




122 


Euscopus StSl 


94 




122 


albatus, Dist 


94 


Teleonemia Costa 


123 


Abulfeda, Dist 


95 


marginata, Dist. . . . 


123 




90 




123 


Odontopus, Laporte 
Dindymus, StSl 
Dermatinus, StSl 


90 
97 
97 
97 


Div. Axiokersosaria . . 
Axiokersos, Dist 


. 124 

. 124 




97 


ovalis, Dist 


. 124 


Armatillus, Dist 
Scantius, StSl 
f orsteri, Fabr 
coriaceus, Dist 
Indra, Kirk. Sf Edw 
glebula, Bredd 
Dysdercus, Amy. Sf Serv. . . 

Fam. TINGIDID^E 


97 
98 
98 
99 
99 
99 
100 

100 


Div. Aidoneusaria .... 

Aidoneus, Dist 
dissimilis, Dist 

Fam. PHYMATID.S: 

Glossopelta, Handl 
dudgeoni, Dist 
lineolata, Dist 


. 125 

. 125 
. 120 

. 127 

. 127 
. 127 

. 127 


Cantacader, Amy. Sf Serv. . . 
Malala, Dist 
bulliens, Dist 
Phatnoma, Fieb 
costalis, Dist 
Abdastartus, Dist 


100 
101 
101 
102 
102 
103 
103 


Fam. ARADIDJE 

Aradus, Fabr 
dignatus, Dist 
antemissus, Dist 
Mezira, Amy. Sf Serv. . . 


. 128 

. 128 
. 128 
. 129 
. 130 




104 


tenuicornis, Dist 


. 130 


rex Dist 


105 


Aneurus, Curtis 


. 181 




inc 


greeni, Dist 


. 131 


lefroyi, Dist 


100 


Fam. HEBKIDJB 


. 132 


retiarius, Dist 
Stepbanitis StSl 


107 

108 


Hebrus, Curtis 
ben^alensis, Dist. 


. 132 
132 


gallarum, Horv 
sordidus, Dist 
Dulinius, Dist 


108 
109 
110 
110 


Merragata, Buck. White 
pallescens, Dist 
Hyrcanus, Dist 
capitatus Dist 


. 133 
. 133 
. 134 
134 


provorsus, Dist 
Mokanna, Dist 
princeps, Dist 
Urentius, Dist 


110 

111 

112 
119 


Timasius, Dist. 
splendens, Dist 
atratua, Dist 


. 135 
. 135 
. 136 




112 


Fam HYDROMETBIDJE . . 


. 137 


sentis, Dist 
euonymus, Dist 
Phyllontocbila, StSl 
Ammianus, Dist 
Belenus, Dist.. 


113 
114 
115 
115 
116 
116 


Subfam. 1. Mesoveliints . . 
Mesovelia, Muls. Sf Hey 

Subfam. 2. Vdiiiue 
Rhagovelia, Mayr 


. 137 

. 137 

. 137 
. 137 


bengalensis, Dist 


117 


nigricans, Burm 


. 137 



viii 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Microvelia, Westiv 
albomaculata, Dist. . . . 
kumaonensis, Dist. . . . 
diluta Dist 


Page 
. 138 

. 138 
. 138 
. 139 


umbrosus, Muntand. . . 
montandoni, Dist 
Holoptilus, Lepel. & Serv. 
Hav us, Mont and 


169 
170 
170 


annandalei, Dist 
Subfam. 3. Gerrince 


140 

. 141 
142 


Subfam. 2. Emesina 

Ploiariola, Rent 
pvgmaea, Dist 


171 

171 
171 


lepcha, Dist 


. 142 
. 142 


mixta, Dist 
polita, Dist 


172 


nepalensis, Dist 


. 143 

144 


Calphurnia, Dist 
reticulata, Dist 


173 
174 


J ucundus, Dist 
custodiendus, Dist. . . . 
burmanus, Dist. 


145 
146 
. 146 
146 


aberrans, Dist 
Bagauda, Bergr. . . . . . . 
splendeus, Dist 
Guitliera, Dist. 


175 
176 
176 
176 




146 


hortensia, Dist. . . 


177 


kumari, Dist 


147 


nubifera, Dist 


177 




148 


LutevH, Dohrn 


177 


elegautulus, Dist 
Ures, Dist 


149 
149 


malayana, Dist 
Elymas, Dist 


177 
178 


custos, Dist 
Rheumatotrechus, Kirk. . 
himalayanus, Kirk. . . . 


150 
151 
151 


pnesentans, Dist 
Plcearia, Scop 
auak, Dift . . 


179 

180 
180 


Halobates, Eschsch 
germanus, Such. White 
herdmani, Carpent. . . . 
Euratus, Dist 


152 
. 152 
153 
154 


Gardena, Dohm 
fasciata, Dist 

Subfam. 3 Saicinee 


181 
181 


formidabilis, Dist. . . 


154 










Polvtoxus, Spin 


182 


Fabatus, Dist 
servus, Dist 
Ventidius, Dist 
aquarius, Dist 
Metrocoris, Mat/r 


155 
155 
156 
157 

158 


formidabilis, Dist 

Subfam. 4. Tribelocephnlinee . . 
Tribelocephala, St&l 


182 

182 


nepalensis, Dist 
nigrofasciatus, Dist. . . . 
Gerastratus, Dist 
foveatus, Dist 


158 
159 
160 
161 


orientalis, Dist 
Opisthoplatys. Westw 
cornutus, Dist 
Apocaucus, Dist 


182 
183 
183 
184 


Euodus, Dist 
communis, Dist 
Naboandelus, Dist 
signatus, Dist 
Nacebus, Dist 


162 
163 
163 
164 
165 


laneus, Dist 

Subfam. 5. Stetiopadinee 

Sastrapada, Amy. $ Serv. . . 
Staccia, St&l 


185 

185 
185 
185 


Fam. HENICOCEPHALID^E . 
Henicocephalus, Stdl 


167 
167 


Aulacogeuia, St&l 
corniculata, Stf'. 
Oncocepbalus, Kluy 


186 
186 
186 
186 


barbatus, Bergr 


167 


Bardesanes, Dist.. 


187 


bellicus, Dist 
mellinus, Dist 

Fam. REDUVIID^: 
Subfam. 1. Holoptilina 
Ptilocerus, Gray 


168 
. 168 

169 
169 
169 


signatus, Dist 

Subfam. 6. Acanthaspidiruc . . 

Centrocnemis, Sign 
deyrollei, Sign 
Epirodera, Westw 
bengalensis, Dist 


188 

189 

189 

189 
190 
190 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Stesichorus, Dist 
pilosus, Dist 


190 
191 
191 
191 
192 
192 
193 
194 

196 
196 

196 

196 
196 
197 
197 
198 
198 
198 
198 
199 
199 
200 
200 

201 

201 
201 

202 

202 
202 
202 
203 
203 
204 
204 
204 
205 
205 
205 
206 
206 
207 
207 
208 
208 
208 
208 
209 
209 
210 


pundaluoyae, Dist. . . . 
Occamus, Dist 


..51? 

.. 211 


Reduvius, Lamarck 
delicatula, Dist 


typicus, Dist 
Lanca, Dist 


.. 212 
.. 212 
213 


Isde^ardes Dist 


melanocephalus, Dist. . . 
Acanthaspis, Amy. fy Serv. . 
boinbayensis, Dist 
Edocla, Stdl 
Sminthocoris, Dist 
re uteri, Bergr 

Subfam. 7. Ectnchodiince . . . . 

Antiopula, Bergr 
typicalis, Dist 
Scadra, Stdl 
militaris, Dist 
atricapilla, Dist 
Quercetanus, Dist 
Libavius, Dist 
tricolor, Dist 
Guionius, Dist 
indictus, Dist 
Ectrychotes, Burm 
bsematogaster, Burm. . . 
Physorhynchus, Amy. # 
Serv 
Scbottus, Dist 


Na^usta Stdl 


.. 213 
.. 214 
.. 215 
216 


macroloba, Bergr 
singalensis, Dist 
Gallobelgicus Dist 




. 216 
. 217 


Scipinia, Stdl 


Irantha, Stal 


.. 217 


Henrichohahnia, Bredd. 
badgleyi, Dist. 


.. 217 
217 


Subfam. 9. Nabidinee 


.. 218 


Allaeorhynchus, Fieb. . . 


.. 218 
218 


Nabis, Latr 


.. 218 


mussooriensis, Dist. . . 
Acanthobrachys, Fieb. . . 

Subfam. 10. Velocipedina . . 
Velocipeda, Bergr 


.. 218 
.. 219 

.. 220 
.. 220 


Fam SALDID^E 


221 


Subfam. 1. Saldina 
Salda Fdbr 


.. 221 
221 




Subfam. 8. Harpactorina .... 
Rhaphidosoma, Amy. 8f Serv. 




.. 221 


fletcheri, Dist 
pusana, Dist. 


.. 222 
.. 223 




.. 223 


Lophocephala, Lap 
Harpactor Lap 




223 


erythropus, Linn 
mceandrus, Dist 
Spbedanolestes, Stal 
fraterculus, Bergr 
minusculus, Bergr 
badgleyi, Dist 
bowringi, Dist 
hirnalayensis, Dist. . . 
rubecula, Dist 
Sycanus, Amy. fy Surv.. . 
galbanus, Dist 


cicindeloides, Dist. . . 
travancorensis, Dist. . . 

Fam. CEBATOCOMBID^: . . 

Ceratocombus, Sign 
setulosus, Reut 

Fam CIMICIDJE 


. . 224 
.. 225 

. . 226 

.. 226 
. . 226 

.. 227 
. . 227 






. . 228 


albofasciatus, Bergr 
Macracanthopsis, Reut 
nigripes, Dist. 
hampsoni, Dist 
Euagoras, Burm 
Serendiba, Dist 




. . 228 




.. 229 




. 229 


sanguinipes, Dist 


.. 229 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Cinnamus, Dist. 
rhinoceros, Dist- 


Page 
. 230 
. 230 
. 231 




% 

259 
259 
260 
260 
260 
261 
261 
262 
262 
263 
263 

264 

264 

264 
. 265 
266 
266 


Sapinnius, Dist 
tidelis, Dist. 
Poeciloscytus, Fieb 
Camptobrochis, Fieb 
exornatus, Dist 
signatus, Dist 
qualis, Dist 


dux, Dist 
Mystilus Dist 


. 232 
. 233 
. 233 




manni, Dist. . 
Megaloceraea, Fieb 
Lasiomiris, Rent 


. 233 
. 234 
. . 234 
235 


Pacorus, Dist I 
politus, Dist 
Liocoridea, Rent 
modesta, Dist. . 

Div. Pilophoraria... 

Zaratus, Dist. 
repandus, Dist 
Thaumaturgus, Dist 
typicus, Dist 




. . 235 


tibialis, Dist 
pervalidum, Dist 


. . 235 
. . 235 
236 


mussooriensis, Dist. . . 
brunettii, Dist 
marginandrum, Dist.. . 
patruum, Dist. . 


. . 236 
. 237 
. . 237 
. . 238 


Philostephanus, Dist. . . 
vitaliter, Dist 
Tancredus, Dist. 
Stechus, Dist 
libertus, Dist 


. . 239 
. . 239 
. . 240 
.. 240 
.. 241 
242 


Silanus, Dist. . . 


praefectus, Dist 
Nicostratus, Dist 
princeps, Dist 


. 267 
. 268 
. 268 


Aretas, Dist. . 


imperatorius, Dist 
Elthemus, Dist 
conspicatus, Dist 
domitus, Dist 
Aserymus, Dist 
Druthmarus, Dist. . , 


.. 242 
.. 243 
.. 243 
.. 244 
.. 245 
245 


diversus, Dist 


. 269 

. 269 


Abibalus, Dist. . 


regulus, Dist 
Zonodorus, Dist 
gubernator, Dist 
Antiphilus, Dist 
amicus, Dist 
Azizus, Dist 
bacilicus, Dist 
Serebaeus, Dist 
discriminatus, Dist. . . . 
Fulvidius, Popp 
punctatus, Popp 
Thaumastomiris, Kirk. . . . 
piceatus, Dist 
Dioclerus, Dist 
prsefectus, Dist 
Dortus, Dist 
primarius, Dist. 


. 269 
. 270 
. 271 
. 272 
. 273 
. 273 
. 274 
. 274 
. 275 
. 276 
276 
. 277 
. 277 
. 278 
. 279 
. 279 
280 


magnicornis, Dist 
Prodromus, Dist 


.. 246 
.. 246 
.. 246 
247 


cuneatus, Dist 
Apollodotus, Dist. . 


praefectus, Dist 
Helopeltis, Sign 
cinchonae, Mann . . . 
Hyalopeplus, StSl 
clavatus, Dist 
Phytocoris, Fallen . 
Eurycyrtus, Rent 
Diophantus, Dist 
literatus, Dist 
Calocoris, Fieb 
rama, Dist 
Mevius, Dist. . 


.. 247 
.. 248 
.. 248 
.. 250 
.. 250 
.. 251 
.. 251 
.. 252 
. . . 253 
... 253 
. .. 253 
. . . 253 
. .. 254 
. .. 254 
. .. 254 
254 


Gallobelicus, Dist 
Armachanus, Dist 
nilgiriensis, Dist 
Sohenus, Dist 
proditus, Dist 

Div. Camptotylaria 

Badezorus, Dist 
tvrianus, Dist. . 


. 280 
. 281 
. 281 

. 281 
. 282 

. 283 

. 283 

. 283 


Lygus, Hahn 
ostensus, Dist 
patrius, Dist 
annandalei, Dist. 


costatus, Dist 
gemellus, Dist. 


... 255 
255 


Valerius, Dist 
devinctus, Dist 


... 256 
... 257 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Xi 



nocturnus, Dist. . . 
Aristobulus, Dist. . . . 

filius, Dist 

Sampsigeramus, Dint. 

pilosulus, Dist. . . . 
Ragmus, Dist 

importunitas, Dist. 

pellucidus, Dist. . . 

Psallus, Fieb 

Idatius, Dist 

priacillianus, Dist. . 
Sejanus, Dist 

funereus, Dist. . . . 
Sabactas, Dist 

institutus, Dist. . . . 



285 
286 
286 
287 
288 
289 
289 
289 
290 
290 
291 
292 
292 
293 



Subfam. 1. Isometopinee 293 

Jehania, Dist 

mahal, Dist 



Fam. ANTHOCORID^: 

Septicius, Dist 

clarus, Dist 

Arnulphus, Dist. . . 
Galchana, Dist 

humeralis, Dist. . . 
Anthocoris, Fall. . . 

annulipes, Popp. 

indicus, Popp. 
Aruphiareus, Dist. . . 
Lippomanus, Dist. 
Almeida, Dist 

pilosa, Popp 

Lasiochilus, Rent. 

corticalis, Rent. . . 

perminutus, Popp. 
Sesellius, Dist. .... 
Horniella, Popp. . . 

polita, Popp 

Triphleps, Fieb. . . . 

sublsevis, Popp. . 

puncticollis, Popp. 

pluto, Dist 

Blaptostethus, Fieb. 

ceylanicus, Popp. 

piceus, Fieb 



Fam. POLYCTENID.E 
Fam. PELOGONID-SE . 

Pelogonus, Latr. . 
Mononyx Lap. . . . 

projectus, Dist. . 

turgidulus, Dist. 

spissus, Dist. . . . 



293 
294 

295 

295 
296 
296 
297 
298 
298 
299 
299 
300 
300 
300 
301 
302 
302 
303 
304 
304 
305 
305 
306 
307 
307 
308 
308 
309 



310 

310 
310 
310 
311 
312 



Fain. NIPIDJE ......... 

Laccotrephes, StSl 
elongatus, Montana 1 . 
griseus, Montand 

Borborophyes, StSl 
erutus, Montand. 

Ranatra, Fabr 
longipes, StSl 
varipes, StSl 
distant!, Montand 



Fam. . 

Gestroiella, Montand 

insignia, Dist 
Diaphorocoris, Montand. 

dubreuili, Montand. 
Heleocoris, StSl 

majusculus, Montand. 

rotunda tus, Montand. 

vicinus, Montand. 

bengalensis, Montand. 
Naucoris, Fabr 

scutellaris, StSl 

sordidus, Dist 

vividus, Dist 
Thurselinus, Dist 

clathratus, Dist 



313 

313 
313 
314 
314 
315 
315 
315 
316 
3] 7 

3iy 

318 
318 
319 
319 
320 
320 
321 
322 
323 
324 
325 
325 
326 
327 
327 



Fam. BELOSTOMATID^! . . . 328 



Belostoma, Latr ..... 
deyrollei, Vuill. . . 

Fam. NOTONECTIDJE . . 
Subfam. 1. Nolonectince 

Enithares, Spin ....... 

paivana, Dist ..... 

rogersi, Dist ....... 

mandalayensis, Dist. 
Anisops, Spin ....... 

Fieb ....... 



rus, 
breddini, Kirk 
Nychia, StSl 
marshalli, Scott 



Subfam. 2. Pleince 



Plea., Leach 

pelopea, Dist. . . . 

metiadusa, Dist. 
Helotrepb.es, StSl . 

indicus, Dist, . , . 



328 
328 

329 
329 

329 
329 
330 
331 
332 
332 
333 
334 
334 

336 

336 

336 
337 
338 
338 



xii SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 

Page | Page 

Fam. CORIXID.E 339 thebdnae, Kirk 346 

lineata, Fieb 346 

Macrocorisa, Thorns 339 malabarica, Kirk 347 

geoffroyi, Leach 339 ,' minthe, Dist 347 

Corixa, Geoffr 340 dione, Dist 348 

substriata, Uhler 340 proba, Dist. 348 

proinontoria, Dist 341 thyesta, Dist 349 

affinis, Dist 341 issa, Dist 350 

lima, Dist 342 grisea, Fieb 350 

apparens, Dist 343 memonides, Kirk 351 

distorta, Dist 343 punctata, Fieb 351 

verecunda, Dist 344 merope, Dist 351 

Micrpnecta, Kirk 345 daedala, Dist 352 

lucina, Dist 345 



APPENDIX (continued). 



Family LYG^EID^E. (Vol. II, p. 1.) 

The most noteworthy incident which has arisen in connection 
with this family since it was previously ^enumerated in this series is 
a question of nomenclature, and applies to the name of the family 
itself. The question was first raised by the late Mr. Kirkaldy, who 
advocated the view thafc a family name should be founded on the 
oldest genus it embraced, and should be changed accordingly. 
He proposed three different emendations : 

Myodochidce = Lygcddce, auctt., Kirk., Entomologist, xxxii, 

p. 220 (1899). 
Geocoridce = Lygceidce, auctt., Kirk., J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 

xiv, p. 306 (1902). 
Pyrrhocoridce = Lygceidce + Pyrrhocoridce, auctt., Kirk., Faun. 

Hawaiien. iii, pt. ii, p. 158 (1902). 

The first of these substitutions has now been adopted by several 
writers on the family, but others and myself retain the original 
name. It is a similar disturbance in nomenclature as was advo- 
cated for the change of the well-known family name Capsidce to 
that of Miridce (cf. vol. ii, p. 413) and may well be left in the area 
of nomenclatory disputation. 

To add to the confusion, and by necessity, Kirkaldy then pro- 
posed that the deposed name Lygcddce should be substituted for 
another well known and universally employed family name Coreidce. 
This suggestion, however, he recently discarded (Canad. Ent. 
1910, p. 63), again adopted the name Coreidce and advocated that 
Lygceidce " should pass away into the realms of synonymy." The 
effect of these propositions has been disastrous ; Dr. Sharp, 
in compiling the last ' Zoological Eecord,' has been compelled, 
" owing to the confusion now existing," to treat the families 
Coreidce, Lygceidce, and Pyrrhocoridce in combination. 

Since the enumeration of the Lygceidce was published in these 
volumes, Dr. Horvath has published an excellent monograph of 
the Colobathristinae as restricted by himself. The late Dr. Breddin 
lias also described a number of species from Ceylon, accompanied 
by a considerable dislocation of the usually observed sequence in 
the arrangement of the subfamilies. These publications are incor- 
porated in the following pages, but I have not seen any of Breddin's 
types, and in his description of species it should be remembered that 
that writer pursued an analytical rather than a synthetic process. 



APPENDIX. LYG^EIDJE. 



Subfamily LYG^EIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 2.) 

Genus JETHALOTUS. 

(To follow Astacops, Vol. II, p. 3.) 

^Ethalotus, StSl, En. Hem. iv, p. 98 (1874). 

Astacops, Still (nee Boisd.), Hem. Afr. ii, p. 125 (1865). 

Type, JE. afzelii, Stal, from "West Africa. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Eegions. 

" Body very oblong or subelongate ; head short, triangularly 
produced, deflected ; eyes pedunculate, the peduncle of variable 
length ; rostrum not passing the posterior coxae ; antenna? with 
the first joint short, not passing the apex of head ; pronotum 
trapezoidal ; scutellum equilateral ; hemelytra complete ; legs of 
moderate length, femora unarmed." (St&l.) 

The above are the generic characters given by StSl when he 
described (1865) his West African type under the genus Astacops. 
He subsequently (1874) founded the genus ^thalotus for its 
reception, giving the following additional characters : " Ocelli 
about twice as far removed from each other as from eyes ; pro- 
notuin punctate." 

The position of the ocelli (sometimes only one and a half times 
as far removed from each other as from eyes) and the punctate 
pronotum will serve to separate ^thalotus from Astacops. 



2769. .ffithalotus horni, Bredd., Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 42. 

" Pitchy black or black, covered with short dusty grey hairs, 
sides of vertex between the ocelli, antennal cavities and eyes, as 
well as each side of a submarginal posteriorly narrowing longitudinal 
stripe on the pronotum, orange-yellow ; underside and back of 
abdomen dirty yellowish white; a spot on the 3 genital plate, 
middle of pectus, rostrum, base of coxae, femora (at least on upper 
side) as well as tibiae and tarsi piceous brown ; antennae blackish 
brown, apical joint paler ; membrane blackish. 

" Head with the eyes nearly twice as broad as long, slightly 
exceeding the shoulder breadth ; ocelli small, about one and a half 
times as wide apart as from the eyes, middle of front with a flat 
longitudinal impression which is also present in &. afzelii [the 
African type] ; pronotum transverse, only slightly narrowed in 
front, pronotal process very distinctly punctured, also along the 
front margin of the pronotum, as well as in the depressions of 
the scutellum, there are a few fine punctures; corium between 
the ridges very finely and closely coriaceous ; membrane not 



.ETHALOTUS. 3 

passing the abdominal apex ; rostrum extending to the inter- 
mediate coxae ; legs short, first joint of the posterior tarsi as long 
as or scarcely longer than the second and third joints together ; 
antennae with the first joint passing apex of clypeus, second 
and third equally long, fourth considerably longer than third." 
(Breddin.) 

" Length, rf 4|, $ 5| millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Puttalam, Anuradhapura (fide Breddin). 



2770. JEthalotus indicatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 318 (1909). 

Above black ; pronotum and corium finely, thickly, obscurely 
pilose ; lateral margins of the pronotum (not reaching basal angles) 
dull sanguineous ; head beneath, sternum, and legs black, pro- 
sternum dull sanguineous ; abdomen beneath dull yellowish white, 
the apical segment black ; coxae and trochanters dull ochraceous ; 
vertex (including eyes) twice as broad as long ; ocelli about twice 
as far removed from each other as from eyes, between the ocelli a 
broad longitudinal impression, the margins of which are slightly 




Fig. 1. JEthalotus indicatus. 

ridged; antennae black, concolorous, second and third joints almost 
equally long, fourth longer than third; pronotum distinctly 
coarsely punctate, strongly transversely impressed, the anterior 
lobe thus well defined ; scutellum with a strong central ridge, 
membrane not passing the abdominal apex ; rostrum reaching the 
intermediate coxae ; first joint of the posterior tarsi shorter than 
second and third together. 
Length 5f millim. 



APPENDIX. 



Hob. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). 

Larger than JE. horni, Bredd.; first joint of posterior tarsi 
distinctly shorter than the second and third joints together; 
antennae concolorous ; eyes black ; prosternum sanguineous, &c. 



Genus ONCOPELTUS. (Vol. II, p. 4.) 

2771. Oncopeltus rubricatus, st&l (Lygseus oncopeltus), Ofv. Vet.- 
Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 659 ; id. (Oncopeltus), En. Hem. iv, p. 101 
(1874) ; Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 42. 

"Beddish testaceous, remotely fuscously pilose, impunctate; 
antennae, rostrum, membrane, mesosternum, metasternum, a spot 
on both the second and third ventral segments, fourth, fifth, and 
sixth ventral segments, anal appendage and legs black ; membrane 
with the anterior basal angle and a small transverse spot before 
middle white ; posterior margins of the mesosternum and meta- 
sternum, and lateral margins of the afbdomen beneath behind 
middle, testaceous. 

" Allied to the Ethiopian 0. famelicus, Fabr., but the colour 
markings distinct ; pronotum with a distinct, obtuse, longitudinal 
procurrent carination, the posterior angles backwardly distinctly 
produced, rounded or subangularly rounded ; scutellum distinctly 
tumid, subdepressed, obtusely carinate." (Stdl.) 

" Length ? 12 ; breadth 4 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Horrowapatam (fide Breddin). Cochin China, 
Philippines (fide St&l). 

This species must be placed after 0. nigriceps (vol. ii, p. 4), of 
which Stll stated his species might prove to be a variety. I in- 
clude it here on the authority of Breddin, and presuming his 
identification to be correct. It has been contained in none of the 
large collections made by Mr. Green in Ceylon. 



Genus LYGJEUS. (Vol. II, p. 5.) 

LTG-SUS PANDTJBUS, Scop. (Cimex) Ent. earn. p. 126 (1763); Oshan. 
Verz. Pal Hem. i (Heteropt.), p. 247 (1906), inch synon. 

Lygaeus militaris, Fabr. (Vol. II, p. 6). 

Prof. Oshanin, in his excellent and indispensable " Verzeichnis 
der Palaearktischen Hemipteren," has recently used Scopoli's 
name pandurus (1763) for that of militaris, Fabr. (1775), and 
therefore according to the strict rules of priority, I follow his 
direction. 



2772. Lygaeus saxatilis, Scop. (Cimex), Ent. Cam. p. 128 (1763) ; 

Hahn (Lygseus). Wanz. ii, p. 6, f. 119 (1834) ; Oshan. Yen. Pal 

Hem. i (Heteropt.), p. 246 (1906). 
Cimex tesselatus, Goeze, Ent. Beitr. ii, p. 265 (1778). 
Eulygseus saxatilis, Reut. Rev. Syn. no. 118 (1888). 

Sanguineous ; antennae, apex of head, and a broad lateral fascia 
before the eyes, pronotum with a broad anterior margin connected 
with two longitudinal broad fasciae which reach the base and 
narrow anterior lateral margins, scutellum, nearly apical half of 
clavus, margins of corium, inwardly angulate on apical margin, 
and a large basal spot and an irregular transverse spot near middle, 
membrane, head beneath, sternum, central suffusions to abdomen 
beneath and a double row of lateral spots (one spiracular, the 
other marginal), rostrum and legs, black ; sternum with a large 
sanguineous spot on the lateral areas of each segment ; the black 
markings of the head and pronotum more or less coarsely punctate ; 
scutellum with a central ridge. 

Length 10 to 11 millim. 

ffab. Sind ; Kashmir (fide Oshanin). Widely distributed 
throughout the Palsearctic region. 

2773. Lygams simla, Dist. A.M.N. H. (8) iii, p. 319 (1909). 

Black ; pronotum with the anterior and lateral margins (the 
latter not reaching basal lateral angles) and a central longitudinal 
fascia sanguineous ; corium sanguineous, with a broad, central, 
obliquely transverse, black fascia, not quite reaching clavus ; body 




Fig. 2. Lygceus simla. 

beneath and legs black ; lateral margins of sternum, anterior 
margin of prostemum,acetabulae, and posterior segmental margins 
(beyond middle of abdomen widened towards lateral margins), 
sanguineous; antennae robust, second joint longest, third and 



6 APPENDIX. LYGLEID-S. 

fourth joints about equal in length ; pronotum with the anterior 
and lateral margins broadly and strongly ridged, the central san- 
guineous line marking a distinct longitudinal carination, the disk 
finely punctate ; scutellum with a central longitudinal carination ; 
clavus somewhat coarsely punctate ; corium finely punctate ; ros- 
trum passing the intermediate, almost reaching the posterior coxae : 
posterior tarsi with the first joint about as long as second and 
third joints together. 

Length 9 to 10| millim. 

Hob. Simla Hills ; Matiana (Annandale). 

2774. Lygams eous, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 319 (1909). 

Sanguineous ; antennae, eyes, a central basal spot to head (con- 
taining a small sanguineous spot at base), two large transverse 
spots at base and preceded by two transverse lines to pronotum, 
scutellum, clavus (excluding base), a large oblong spot outside 
clavus posteriorly connected with a costal spot beyond middle of 
corium, membrane, rostrum, legs, a spot on each side of prosternum, 
disks of meso- and metasterna, and abdomen beneath black ; lateral 
margins of abdomen to a little beyond middle sanguineous, apex 




Fig. 3.Lygceus eous. 

of membrane broadly hyaline ; antennae moderately robust, second 
and fourth joints subequal in length, each a little longer than 
third ; head punctate ; pronotum more sparingly and coarsely 
punctate, transversely depressed behind middle at the region of 
the black basal spots, the lateral and anterior margins ridged ; 
(scutellum mutilated in type by pin); clavus coarsely, corium very 
finely punctate ; rostrum very slightly passing the intermediate 



coxae. 

Length 6 millim. 
Hal. Calcutta. 



GRAPTOSTETHUS. 



Genus GRAPTOSTETHUS. (Vol. II, p. 8.) 
GKAPTOSTETHUS MACULATUS. (Vol. II, p. 11.) 
Var. sinhalana, Kirk. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1908, p. 10. 

Apparently differs from the typical form as follows : Head red, 
only the tylus obscurely fuscous ; an obscure suffused, submedian 
spot anteriorly on the pronotum ; no claval spot, but the clavus 
and corium irregularly suffused with fuscous ; antennae, rostrum 
(except red first joint), and legs brownish fuscous ; sternites 
almost uniformly fuscous, tinged with red, a little redder baso- 
laterally, a little less red apically ; rostrum reaching to middle 
coxae ; second joint of antennae nearly a half longer than the 
third. (KirTcaldy.} 

Length ? 

Hob. Ceylon ; Sober Island (Fletcher fide KirTcaldy). 

Kirkaldy, while complaining of the " meagre descriptions " 
hitherto published of G. maculatus, has contributed the above 
indication which possibly refers to a distinct species rather than 
to a variety of G. maculatus ? He has, however, given no dimen- 
sion. The type is in Honolulu, and therefore nothing more 
definite can be said about it at present. 



2775. Graptostethns colla,rh, Eredd. (Pyrrliobaphus (Graptostethus)), 

Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 43. 

" Very like G. servus (vol. ii, p. 8), but somewhat larger, of 
duller colouring, and with thicker dusty grey scaly covering ; the 
broad front margin of the pronotum (bordered behind by the red 
cicatrisant fork) black, greyishly pilose, with a median velvet-black 
longitudinal stripe, the round velvety black discal spots and the 
greyishly black transverse bands of pronotum running parallel to 
the hind margin and interrupted in the middle, as in G. servus 
head red ; clypeus and angle between ocelli, eyes and hind border, 
black ; lateral margins of scutellum bordered with red behind the 
middle; apical joint of antennae rather thicker and distinctly 
shorter than in servus. 

" Easily distinguished from servus by colour of front half of 
pronotum." (Breddin.) 

" Length $ 10| to 10| millim." 

Hal. Ceylon ; Matala, Paradna (fide Breddin). 

I have not seen this species. 

2776. Graptostethns verticalis, Dall. (Lygaeus), List Hem. ii, p. 548 

(1852) ; Dist. (Graptostethus?), A. M. N. H. (7) vii, p. 537 
(1901). 

Head red or reddish ochraceous with a large central black spot; 
pronotum red or reddish ochraceous with a large longitudinal black 



8 APPENDIX. LTQ^IDjE. 

fascia on each side but not reaching margins (the fasciae are some- 
times more or less broken and form four quadrate spots) ; scu- 
tellum black with the apex reddish ochraceous ; corium red or 
reddish ochraceous, the clavus more or less blackish, the disk 
beyond middle with a prominent rounded black spot ; membrane 
black with the apical margin white ; head beneath and sternum 
reddish ; abdomen beneath dull red with the apex black ; legs pale 
brownish or piceous ; antennae black, thickly finely greyishly pilose, 
second joint a little longer than third, subequal in length to fourth ; 
rostrum piceous, first joint reaching the anterior margin of the 
prosternum, apex extending to the posterior coxae ; pronotum with 
the posterior margin straight and with a sub-obsolete central 
carina ; scutellum beyond middle obtusely carinate ; posterior 
margin of metasternum obliquely sinuate, its posterior angles 
subacute. (To follow G. maculatus, Vol. II, p. 11.) 

Length 6 millim. 

Hal. W. Bengal ; Paresnath, 4000 to 4400 feet (Annandale). 

To Dallas's unique type was affixed no locality. A single 
specimen collected by Dr. Annandale now gives its habitat and 
includes the species in this fauna. 



Genus ASPILOCORYPHUS. (Vol. II, p. 11.) 

2777. Aspilocoryphus ? modestns, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii. p. 320 
(1909). 

Head black, with a small dull ochraceous spot at base ; antennae 
dull ochraceous, the basal joint a little darker, the apical joint 
piceous ; pronotum piceous, the lateral and apical margins, the 
central longitudinal carination, and a transverse series of four 




Aspilocoryphus ? modestus. 

large spots (two on each side of the central carination) dull ochra 
iC60US ak " 



- 

dToch PiC60US i ? aCk ' ltS a P 6X dul1 <*raceous 

dull ochraceous an apical fascia to clavus and longitudinal streaks 



LYGJSOSOMA. PYJUIHOBAPHUS. 9 

between the veins of corium black or piceous ; membrane black, 
the apical margins broadly dull pale plumbeous, some of the veins 
greyish white; body beneath pitchy black, shortly and closely 
ochraceously pilose ; margins of the sternal segments arid the legs 
sordidly ochraceous, femora (excluding apices) brownish ; rostrum 
and a spot on each side of the posterior margins of the pro- and 
mesosterna piceous ; second joint of antennae longest, third shorter 
than fourth ; pronotum transversely impressed before middle, 
distinctly, centrally, longitudinally carinate, the black or piceous 
anterior area with two very distinct transverse cicatrices on each 
side ; membrane not passing abdominal apex ; rostrum passing 
the intermediate coxae. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hab. Bombay (Dixon). 



Genus LYGJEOSOMA. (Vol. II, p. 13.) 
LYG.&OSOMA PUSILLUM. (Vol. II, p. 13.) 

Far. Head not totally black but with the apical area reddish ; in 
some specimens the " two large dark brown spots on the posterior 
margin " of the pronotum are also somewhat obsolete. 

Add : Hab. Bombay Prov. ; Matheran ( Mus. Hongrois). 

Genus PYRRHOBAPHUS. (Vol. II, p. 14.) 

2778. Pyrrhobaphus ? scutellatus, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 
1907, p. 43. 

" cf $ . Pale sanguineous, with slight dusty grey tomentum ; a 
large black discal spot on vertex encloses ou the hind margin a 
small dull yellowish spot and is produced in front along the clypeus, 
where it gradually shades into a dirty red ; pronotum on hind 
border with two large, nearly quadrate, deep black spots, which 
not infrequently coalesce and form a transverse band uniting with 
the black outer border of the shoulder angles ; on the cicatrisant 
area two transverse blackish spots separated by the continuous red 
median line, and usually also, two shadow-like blotches on front 
marginal area before the cicatrices ; scutellum deep black, the whole 
terminal half shining ivory-white ; tegmina blackish striped with 
dusty grey, a nearly circular spot behind middle of corium almost 
touching costal margin, as well as an elongate longitudinal dash in 
clavus velvety black, scutellar margin of cJavus in its basal half, as 
well as the whole posterior angle of the corium as far as the velvet 
spot, suffused roseate, costal margin before middle dull red ; mem- 
brane deep black, its apex, extending over anus, white ; underside 
of head and the pectus suffused with reddish, a longitudinal dash 
between the antennal tubercles and cheek plates, as well as the 



10 APPENDIX. LYGJS1DJE. 

scapular areas of the pleura and the broad front margin of the 
mesosternum, pitchy black intersected with grey, a round spot on 
the hind margin of the pro- and mesopleura (not the metapleura) 
velvet-black ; abdomen beneath black intersected with grey : 
rostrum, legs, and antennae pitchy black ; head short, strongly 
concave, the cheek-plates extremely high, equally broad throughout 
(not gradually falling away behind), near hind margin suddenly 
and roundly declivous, covering basal joint of rostrum when seen 
from the side ; pronotum trapezoidal with the lateral margins 
straight, very shallowly impressed, with a slight transverse im- 
pression separating the two main parts of the pronotum ; the 
pronotal process, lying behind this, extensively and distinctly 
punctured, at least towards the front, also front border of the 
pronotum with a few distinct punctures ; a faint longitudinal pro- 
notal ridge ; membrane only slightly passing the anus ; rostrum 
extending to middle coxae, first joint scarcely passing cheek plates ; 
antennae rather short, fourth joint thickened and a little longer 
than second joint." (Breddin.) 

" Length 5| to 61 inillim." 

Hob. Ceylon; Anuradhapura, Horrowapatam, Nalanda (fide 
Breddin). 

It is somewhat difficult to locate generically this apparently dis- 
tinct species, which I have not seen, as Breddin treated Graptostethus 
and Pyrrhobaphus as one genus. 



Genus AROCATUS. (Vol. II, p. 15.) 

2779. Arocatus continctus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belq. 1, p. 410 
(1906). 

Head red, above with a broad central black fascia narrowing to 
apex ; eyes, antennae, and rostrum black ; pronotum red, the 
anterior lobe and two broad sublateral fascia to posterior lobe 
black; scutellum black with a narrow central longitudinal red 
fascia ; corium dull pitchy black, finely pilose, the extreme base 
red ; membrane black, outer and apical margins hyaline ; sternum 
testaceous, with a large black spot on the lateral areas of each 
segment ; abdomen beneath piceous, finely pilose, the lateral and 
apical margins narrowly testaceous ; legs piceous, pilose, coxse and 
trochanters ochraceous ; fourth joint of antennas slightly shorter 
than the second ; first joint of rostrum about reaching base of 
head; pronotum with the posterior lobe sparsely but coarsely 
punctate. 

Length 7 to 7 millim. 

Hab. Madura (Dulreml}; Pondicherry. Ceylon (Brown, Vienna 
Mus.)- Eppawela (Green). 

Allied to A. sericans (vol. ii, p. 15) but distinguished by the 
different markings of the pronotum and abdomen beneath - mem- 
brane longer, distinctly passing the abdominal apex. 



CONSIVIUS. 



11 



Genus CONSIVIUS (to follow Arocatus, Vol. II, p. 15). 
Consivius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 320 (1909). 

Type, C. collinus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only recorded from Northern India. 

Body elongate ; head subtriangular, somewhat acutely produced 
at apex ; ocelli placed nearer eyes than to each other ; antennae 
with the first and fourth joints distinctly thickened; rostrum 
reaching or slightly passing the intermediate coxae ; pronotum 
moderately narrowed in front, granulose, a distinct transverse 
ridge near anterior margin ; scutelluin about as long as broad, the 
lateral margins (except at base) distinctly ridged, the apical margin 
strongly ridged, granulosely punctate; membrane considerably 
passing abdominal apex ; lateral margins of metasternum oblique 
and apically acutely produced, seen above on each side of the costal 
margins of corium ; legs somewhat slender, posterior tarsi with 
the first joint distinctly longer than the second and third joints 
together. 

Allied to Arocatus by the long scutelluin, but differing from that 
genus by the structure of the scutellum and by the produced 
metasternal lateral angles. 



2780. Consivius collinus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 321 (1909). 

Body above sanguineous ; antennae, eyes, an angular patch on 
each side of base of head (including the ocelli), anterior marginal 
area, and a transverse somewhat bimaculate spot on each side of 




Fig. 5. Consivius collinus. 

base of pronotum, basal half of scutellum, clavus, two spots on 
inner margin of clavus, and a large transverse spot behind middle 
of corium, the apical angle of the latter, and the membrane black, 



12 APPENDIX. LY 

apical margin of the membrane paler ; body beneath sanguineous, 
rostrum, basal margin of head, anterior marginal areas of pro- and 
mesosterna, a prominent spot on the lateral areas of both meso- 
and metasterna, transverse fasciae to abdominal segments (not 
reaching lateral margins), coxae and legs, black ; excluding mem- 
brane and including legs aud antenna; greyishly pilose, the head 
at anterior margin very longly pilose ; antennae with the second, 
third, and fourth joints about subequal in length, first and fourth 
distinctly incrassated ; pronotum somewhat coarsely granulose ; 
scutellum coarsely granulosely punctate. 

Length 10 millirn. 

Hob. Simla Hills. 



Genus OENOCORIS. (Vol. H, p. 16.) 

2781. Canocoris dimidiatus, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, 
p. 45. 

" A small species allied to C. nerii (vol. ii, p. 16) ; lustreless, 
with slight grey tomentum; head (also the throat) pale sanguineous, 
clypeus and a rectangular spot in front between the ocelli and 
base of clypeus black ; pronotum with a slight, flat, transverse 
impression ; the pronotal process slightly elevated towards the 
base, more coarselv and much more diffusely punctured than in 
nerii, in the middle almost impunctate ; the furrowed lines of the 
pronotum proper very distinct and oblique, directed towards neck- 
angles ; scutellum with a continuous longitudinal ridge expanded 
at its base and with a sharp apex ; tegmina as in nerii ; pro- 
notum, scutellum, and tegmina black ; a continuous middle line 
to scutellum, a broad median stripe on the pronotal process, the 
lateral margins and the narrow hind border of the pronotum 
(sometimes also the front marginal line) and the extreme bases of 
corium and clavus pale sanguineous, but dull and diffused on the 
latter parts ; membrane black, its apical margin broadly dull 
hyaline ; abdomen beneath, sternum, legs, antennae and rostrum 
pitchy black or black ; abdomen above, and a broad border to 
abdomen beneath pale sanguineous, also the hind margins of the 
three sternal segments ; the margins of the coxal cavities, the 
mouth of the thoracic gland, the front border of the prosternum, 
as well as the trochanters and the terminal border of the coxae 
pale yellow ; rostrum extending beyond the middle of the third 
abdominal sternite ; antennae moderately long, fourth joint about 
as long as second, somewhat thickened, third joint distinctly 
shorter." (Breddin.) 

"Length, rf 6, $ 8 millim." 

Sab. Ceylon ; Negombo (fide Breddiri). 

I have not seen this species. 



NY8IUS. 13 

Genus NYSIUS. (Vol. II, p. 17.) 

2782. Nysius minor, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 321 (1909). 

Eesembling N. ceylanicus, Motsch. (vol. ii, p. 18), but as a rule 
smaller in size ; antennae with the second and third joints ochraceous 
or brownish ochraceous, first and fourth joints more or less piceous, 
second and third joints of antennae subequal in length, whereas in 
N. ceylanicus the second joint is distinctly longer than the third, 
and all the joints piceous in coloration. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa and Patna. 

2783. Nysius lacnstrinus, Diet. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 321 (1909). 

Head ochraceous, the margins of the central lobe black and a 
black cicatrisant punctate fascia on each side before eyes extending 
from above antennae to base ; antennae brownish ochraceous, the 
basal joint blackish ; pronotum ochraceous, darkly punctate, and 
thus forming longitudinal fasciae ; scutellum piceous brown, a pale 
central line on apex ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; sternum 
with a central greyish and a lateral plumbeous longitudinal fascia, 




Fig. 6. Nysius lacustrinus. 

posterior margin "of metasternum greyish white, head beneath 
greyish ; abdomen with the base and lateral margins more or less 
plumbeous ; legs pale ochraceous, femora spotted with castaneous, 
apices of tarsi black ; rostrum black, slightly passing the posterior 
coxae ; antennae with the second joint longest, fourth joint a little 



!4 APPENDIX. LYG.EID2E. 

longer than third; head with the punctures coarse; pronotum 
transversely impressed before anterior area, which is coarsely 
punctate, the other punctures also coarse ; scutellum more finely 
punctate, the basal area a little gibbous ; corium hyaline, with a 
yellowish tint, two black lines on its apical margin ; membrane 
hyaline, considerably passing the abdominal apex ; sternum coarsely 
punctate. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hal. N.W. India; Kumaon, Bhim Tal. 

Allied to N. dohertyi, Dist., but differing by the larger size, 
differently coloured and longer antennae, though the relative 
lengths of the joints are much the same, scutellum more 
gibbous, &c. 

NYSIUS INCONSPICUUS. (Vol. II, p. 18.) 

Since I described this species from the Bor Gluat I have received 
a number of specimens from other parts of India. In some of 
these the veins to the corium are either spotted (as described) or 
wholly pale fuscous ; the basal joint of the antennae as well as the 
apical joint is most frequently infuscate, second joint slightly 
longer than the third, third and fourth subequal iu length. 

Add : Hab. Lucknow ; Calcutta ; Matiana, Simla Hills. 
Burma ; Eangoon. 

2784. Nysius melanicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 322 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum thickly piceously or blackly 
punctate ; antenna? black, apex of fourth joint slightly brownish 
ochraceous ; body beneath and legs black ; coxae, extreme apices of 
the femora, tibiae, and tarsi brownish ochraceous ; corium pale 
obscure luteous hyaline, the costal area clear and unspotted, the 
veins, and the apical margin medially interrupted, piceousor black ; 
second joint of antennae distinctly longer than the third, third and 
fourth joints almost subequal in length ; pronotum coarsely punc- 
tate, with a somewhat obscure central longitudinal ridge; scutellum 
with a longitudinal ridge commencing at about one-third from base, 
where it is distinctly tuberculous ; membrane hyaline, considerably 
passing the abdominal apex ; rostrum reaching the intermediate 
coxae. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hab. Kumaon, Bhim Tal ; Simla Hills. 



NINUS. 15 



Subfamily CYMIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 19.) 

Genus NINUS. (Vol. II, p. 19.) 
Cymoninus, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 38. 

2785. Ninus singalensis, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 39. 

? Ninus iusignis, St&l, Freg. Eug. Resa, Hem. p. 253. t. iii, f. 5 
(1859). 

" Upperside pale rusty-yellowish, central line on front, three 
large rhomboidal longitudinal spots (which touch one another) on 
front half of pronotum, a spot in middle of hind margin, as well 
as the scutellum, with mouldy-white tomentum ; tegmma slightly 
yellowish hyaline, the veins on membranal suture, on the terminal 
border and scutal border yellowish ; hinder angles of clavus, the 
outer quarter of membraual division, and a streak on costa behind 
middle pitchy black ; a dash which runs from the last streak 
towards the base of inner membranal vein, yellowish ; impressed 
punctures within this dash as well as an accompanying series of 
very fine punctures along the membranal suture, blackish ; mem- 
brane hyaline, two short streaks in basal half towards the costal 
margin pitchy black, the base of two longitudinal veins as well as a 
suffused narrow straight longitudinal dash more distinct behind 
smoky grey ; eyes distinctly stalked, projecting obliquely in front 
and outwardly ; head and eyes as broad as pronotum between the 
shoulders ; costal borders of tegmina parallel in their basal fifth, 
outwardly with a long and thick white fringe, then rather strongly 
widened and distinctly rounded. 

"Very similar to, and perhaps identical with, N. insignis, 
according to Still's figure and description." (Breddin.) 

" Length 4 ; exclud. membrane 3| milliin." 

Sab. Ceylon; Weligama (fide Breddin). 

I have not seen this species. Stal's N. insignis which Breddin 
thinks is possibly the same as the species he describes as new, was 
from the island of Guam. 



2786. Ninus SUbunicolor, Bredd. (Cymoninus), Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 
1907, p. 39. 

" Rusty-yellow ; abdomen beneath pale rusty brown ; sternum 
suffused pitchy brown ; head, pronotum and scutellum with fine 
greyish white tomentum ; two longitudinal stripes to pronotum 
and its outer margin pale rusty yellow ; the hyaline membrane 
with a smoky grey longitudinal dash at tip, directed towards inner 
basal angle ; head with eyes rather narrower than pronotum 
between the shoulders, the ocelli less remote from each other than 
from eyes ; pronotum before the shoulders with straight sides, 



I (} APPENDIX. LYG^IDJE. 

narrowed in front, anteriorly with a slight collar-like constriction, 
not very distinctly punctured, on the cicatrisant region, on each 
side, a short transverse linear impression, and from the inner end 
of each runs a shallow longitudinal furrow, these furrows con- 
verging to the hind margin ; clavus not punctured, bordered along 
each margin with a row of very fine brown dots ; similar rows of 
dots also occur on the corium, in the membranal division and on the 
outer side of the subcostal principal vein; antennae with the first 
joint scarcely as long as the long axis of the eyes, scarcely reaching 
beyond clypeus, second joint about one and a quarter times as 
long as third which is rather shorter than the elongate fourth; 
rostrum slightly passing the anterior coxae, first joint extending to 
hind border of throat and much longer than second ; upperside 
with scattered upright hairs ; abdomen beneath with short woolly 
hairs." (Breddin). 

" Length including membrane 85 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon; "Weligama (fide Melichar). 

I have not seen this species. Breddin has proposed a new 
genus (Cymoninus for its reception), which from the characters 
given appears to be of scarcely subgeneric value and it is there- 
fore not used in this enumeration. 



Genus CYMUS. (Vol. II, p. 21.) 
2787. Cymus nanulus, Bredd. Deidsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 38. 

" c? (?). Clear pale rust-brown, extreme tip of hind angle of 
corium and the claws black ; last joint of antennae, excepting base, 
brownish. The smallest species known to me ; ocelli scarcely one 
and a half times as far removed from each other as from eyes ; 
apices of juga obtuse, not projecting ; pronotum shorter and more 
strongly arched than in the European species, thickly punctate, 
only between the cicatrices with a faint trace of a median keel ; 
scutellum punctate with a faint keel ; corium both outside and 
inside strongly and regularly punctate, without a smooth longi- 
tudinal vein ; first joint of antennae not quite reaching tip of 
clypeus, second not thicker and at most about one-fourth shorter 
than third, near the end faintly clubbed, fourth very slender, 
spindle-shaped, longer than second, a little shorter than third." 
(Breddin.) 

11 Length 2f millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Negombo (fide Breddin). 

I have not seen this species. 



PIBKIMERUS. MA.CROPES. J7 

Subfamily BLISSIN^. (Vol. II, p. 21.) 
Genus PIRKIMERU8. (Vol. II, p. 22.) 

2788. Pirkimerus nicobarensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) Hi, p. 322 

(1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath pitchy-brown ; 
first, second, and third joints of antennae, rostrum, and legs ochra- 
ceous ; fourth joint of antennas pitchy-brown ; heinelytra pale 
umber-brown ; outer margin of clavus, an elongate marginal spot 
before middle, and a marginal spot to membrane pale ochraceous ; 
between these spots the margin is much darker ochraceous ; second 
and third joints of antennae subequal in length, each a little longer 
than first, fourth longest, incrassate and pilose ; pronotum strongly 
transversely impressed, punctate and wrinkled at anterior margin, 




Pirkimems nicobarensis. 



the posterior area discally foveately depressed, anteriorly coarsely 
punctate, posteriorly finely transversely striate ; scutellum dis- 
tinctly centrally longitudinally carinate ; membrane not quite 
reaching the apical abdominal segment ; posterior femora finely 
spined beneath, the posterior tibiae strongly marginally setose : 
basal joint of posterior tarsi much longer than the second and 
third joints. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Nicobar Islands (Rogers, Brit. Mus.). 

Genus MACROPES. (Vol. II, p. 24.) 

2789. Macropes dilutus. (Vol. II, p. 25.) 

Var. nesiota, BretU. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 45. 

"Head, pronotum, scutellum, abdomen above, underside, legs 
and antennae deep black ; tibiae pitchy-black, tarsi (at least basally), 

TOL. V. C 



1-8} APPENDIX. ISSGJEIDJE. 

and generally first joint of antennae suffused pitchy-brown ; tegmina 
extending to sixth abdominal segment, milk-white, towards costa 
slightly yellowish, basal third of clavus, claval suture, as well as 
inner principal vein, the membranal division and the whole terminal 
half of coriura, black ; in the membrane the following markings 
are milk-white basal angle, sickle-shaped apical mark, as well as 
a marginal spot on and behind the posterior angle of corium which 
extends as a somewhat interrupted band in the interior of mem- 
brane." (Breddin.) 

"Length 5|-6 millim." 

Sab. Ceylon ; Kanthaley, Anuradhapura (fide Breddin). 

M. dilutus was described from North India and Burma. The 
variety? described by Breddin is from Ceylon. 

2790. Macropes leucoderma, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, 
p. 46. 

" Deep black, shining, the punctate areas clothed with short 
grey pile ; abdomen suffused pitchy-brown, the connexival border 
and the area of ventral margin rusty-brown ; hind margin of 
metapleura pale yellow towards outside ; hernelytra whitish, near 
costa light yellowish ; clavus and a broad transverse band which 
covers the tip and also the inner angle of membrane (about one- 
third length of membrane) black, remainder of membrane uniform 
milk-white ; terminal suture of clavus, legs and antennae rusty- 
yellow ; femora (basally), sides of tibiae, and the third joint of 
antennae, except the base, more or less brown, fourth antennal joint 
black ; body narrow and delicate, head small, with the eyes little 
more than half as broad as pronotum between the shoulders ; 
pronotum produced, distinctly rather longer than broad, flattened, 
pronotum proper nearly twice as long as the process, smooth, in 
front finely punctured, on the sides finely wrinkled, in middle 
without longitudinal furrow which is replaced by two approxi- 
mating rows of fine points ; process of pronotum without re- 
cognisable transverse impression, closely and finely wrinkled and 
punctate, only its hinder area smooth, hinder margin smooth and 
concave ; scutellum punctate, dull, with a rather broad, smooth, 
middle keel ; hemelytra short, not reaching middle of dorsal surface 
of abdomen, inner main vein of corium very near claval suture ; 
third joint of antennae little shorter than second, fourth about one 
and two-thirds as long as third." (Breddin.) 

Length " 4| millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Bandarawella (fide Breddin). 

I have not seen this species. 

2791. Macropes sinhalanus, Kirk. Canad. Ent. xxxix, p. 332 (1907). 

" Black (shining on head and pronotum), with sparse, very pale 
yellowish hairs ; apex of tylus and the first and second antennal 
segments [joints'] pale ochraceous, third and fourth dark fuscous ; 



HACROPES. 19 

clavus piceous, very narrowly margined with testaceous, rest of 
tegmina opaque milky-white, inner margin (very narrowly) of 
cerium, and a broad suffused band across the middle (somewhat 
obliquely covering junction of corium and membrane) dark fuscous ; 
labium [rostrum] and legs more or less piceous, first two segments 
[joints'] of tarsi brownish-testaceous, hind tibiae dark piceous ; 
antennae 4, 10, 11, 20 : labium \rostrum~\ reaching to about the 
fore coxae; pronotum anteriorly and posteriorly punctured; a 
double, rather feeble line of punctures down the middle, roundly 
curved outwards laterally, sides of hind area parallel, posteriorly 
emarginate ; hemelytra reaching to apical margin of third segment ; 
fore femora comparatively strongly spined." (Kirlcaldy.) 

Length " 5^ millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (fide KirTcaldy). 

I have not seen the insect on which this species is proposed. 
It appears to be very closely allied to the preceding species 
M. leiicoderma. Bredd., and may prove to be identical with it. 

2792. Macropes raja, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 323 (1909). 

Head, antennae, pronotum, scutellum, abdomen above, body 
beneath, and femora black ; first and second joints of antennae 
(excluding extreme apices of second joint), tibiae, and tarsi pale 
ochraceous ; hemelytra milky white ; internal vein and margins of: 
clavus, two principal veins of corium on apical half, the oblique 
margin separating corium from membrane, two internal curved 
veins and a large discal spot to membrane, piceous ; second and 
fourth joints of antennae subequal in length, each a little longer 
than third ; pronotum with the anterior area or lobe smooth and 
centrally longitudinally grooved or sulcate, the posterior area or 
lobe coarsely punctate and depressed, with a distinct transverse 
ridge before basal margin, the lateral margins concave ; hemelytra 
reaching the anterior margin of the fifth abdominal segment; 
rostrum passing the anterior coxae. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 

This species is allied to both M. spinimanus, Motsch. (vol. ii, 
p. 24), and M. punctatus, Walk. (vol. ii, p. 25), by the sulcated 
anterior prouotal lobe : from M. spinimanus it is to be separated by 
the longer hemelytra and the colour of the legs ; from M. punctatus 
it differs in the smaller size, the ochraceous first and second antennal 
joints, more distinct sulcation to pronotum. ochraceous tibiae, &c. 

2793. Macropes singularis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 323 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, body beneath, and legs black ; apices 
of femora and the whole of the tibiae more or less castaneous ; tarsi 
ochraceous ; antennae piceous brown, the extreme apices of the 
joints paler ; ocelli shining carmine-red ; hemelytra creamy white, 
costal margin of corium slightly yellowish ; clavus, corium at claval 

c2 



20 APPENDIX. LYG-EID^E. 

margin and apical area to corium, black ; basal area of membrane 
black (not reaching inner margin) and narrowly connected with a 
large elongate black spot, which almost extends to lateral and apical 
margins ; abdomen above black ; second and third joints of antenna* 




Fig. 8. Macropes shtffularis. 

subequal in length, fourth longer than either second or third ; 
pronotum elongate, centrally as long as broad at base, punctate, 
transversely impressed behind middle and thence roundly narrowed 
to head, basal margin concave, a small pale impunctate spot near 
each basal lateral angle ; scutellum punctate excepting basal area, 
a central longitudinal ridge extending from about middle to apex ; 
hemelytra reaching base of apical abdominal segment ; rostrum 
slightly passing anterior coxae, black, with the apices of the joints- 
a little paler. 

Length 6.| nrillim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Pundaluoya (Green}. 

2794. Macropes uniformis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 324 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and sternum black ; antennae with 
the first, second, and third joints dull ochraceous, fourth joint 
black, its base ochraceous ; apex of head, posterior margin of pro- 
notum, and legs castaneous ; rostrum, tibiae, and tarsi more or less 
ochraceous ; corium very pale stramineous ; membrane very pale 
greyish brown ; abdomen piceous brown, thickly, finely, greyishly 
pilose ; antennae with the third joint longer than second, fourth 
considerably longer than either second or third ; pronotum with 
the anterior lobe subglobose, broad, shining, obscurely centrally 
longitudinally sulcate on disk, sparingly punctate, the transverse 
constriction about one-third from base, the basal area transversely- 
wrinkled or striate, the anterior lobe laterally a little convexly 
ampliated, the posterior margin concave ; scutellum short, broad, 
centrally longitudinally ridged from about middle to apex ; men) I 



MACEOPES. 21 

brane extending to the penultimate segment of the abdomen ; 
anterior femora strongly incrassated and shortly spined beneath. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob, Calcutta. 

Allied to M. subauralus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 26), by the uniformly 
coloured corium and membrane ; from that species it differs in 
the colour of the antennae and legs, the broader and more globose 
anterior pronotal lobe, the shorter membrane, &c. 



.2795. Macropes privus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 325 (1909). 

Head, antenna, eyes, pronotum, and scutellum black, moderately 
shining ; body beneath and legs black, apices of the femora and 
the whole of the tibiae pale castaneous, tarsi ochraceous ; clavus 
and corium greyish white, the claval suture and the outer marginal 
area to corium (widened posteriorly) piceous ; membrane black, 
its basal angle greyish white ; antennae with the extreme apices 
of the joints paler, second aud third subequal in length, fourth 
longest, pyriforrn and palely pilose ; pronotum considerably longer 
than broad, thickly punctate, the basal margin concave, two smooth 
cicatrices in transverse series on anterior area, aud two similar but 
narrower cicatrices near middle ; scutellum distinctly ridged, 
tx-ansversely at base, and longitudinally in the centre, its disk finely 
granulose ; margins of clavus, the subclaval vein to corium, and 
the inner half of the apical margin to corium pale yellowish ; 
membrane smooth, shining, reaching the base of the sixth ab- 
dominal segment ; connexivum and abdomen beneath very shortly 
but thickly ochraceously pilose, the latter with a double series of 
small black points on each side; rostrum shining piceous black, 
about reaching the anterior coxae ; anterior femora strongly in- 
crassate, finely spined beneath. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hub. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green}. 

Allied to M.prcecerjptus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 26), but smaller, anterior 
lobe of pronotum not sulcate, colour of jrteirbrane, corium, and 
legs different, &c. 



2796. Macropes thoracicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 325 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and sternum black ; basal margin 
of pronotum and the abdomen pale testaceous ; rostrum and legs 
orange-yellow ; corium very pale ochraceous ; membrane creamy 
white; antennae piceous or black, the basal joint and extreme 
apices of second and third joints ochraceous, second and fourth 
joints subequal in length, each considerably longer than third; 
pronotum short, a little broader than long, transverse impression 
about one-fourth before posterior margin, the anterior area or lobe 
opaque, coarsely irregularly punctate ; corium shorter than mem- 
brane, which extends to the penultimate segment of the abdomen ; 



22 APPENDIX. LYG^EIDJE. 

rostrum reaching the anterior coxas ; anterior femora moderately 
incrassated, obscurely spinous beneath. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Nepal. 

By the uniformly coloured corium and membrane allied to 
M. subauratus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 26), and M. uniformis, Dist. (ante, 
p. 20). Prom both it differs and is sub-generically distinct by the 
shorter and comparatively broader pronotum and the short posterior 
area or lobe, the short corium, &c. 

Genus ISCHNODEMUS. (Vol. II, p. 27.) 

2797. Ischnodemus erebus, Dist. A. M. 2T. H. (8) iii, p. 326 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, abdomen above, and body beneath, 
black ; corium dull ochraceous, streaked longitudinally with cas- 
taneous brown ; membrane (reflecting the dark abdomen beneath) 
black ; femora black, their apices and the whole of the tibiae and 
tarsi brownish ochraceous ; antennae brownish ochraceous, apical 
joint (excluding base) blackish, second joint slightly longer than 
the third, fourth joint considerably longest; vertex thickly finely 
granulose ; pronotum coarsely punctate and granulose, finely palely 
pilose, more longly pilose on lateral margins, some obscure 
tuberculous elevations on anterior disk ; scutellum granulose 
and punctate, palely pilose, a little depressed on disk ; corium 
somewhat strongly palely pilose, especially on lateral margins ; 
membrane neither reaching the abdominal apex nor covering the 
connexivum, which is exposed for nearly its entire length. 

Length 2^ to 3 millim. 

Hal. Bombay Province ; Matheran, 2500 feet (Pusa CWZ.). 

Differing from /. noctulus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 27), by its smaller size, 
the exposed connexivum, absence of subapical pale spot to mem- 
brane, the granulose head, pronotum and scutellum, pale anterior 
tibiae, &c. I have examined a series of this species, but, unfor- 
tunately, all the specimens were in a somewhat greasy condition, 
which rendered the colour-characters more or less difficult to 
identify, especially as regards the hemelytra. 

2798. Ischnodemus atromaculatns, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii. p 326 

(1909) 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black, palely pilose ; cerium 
pale ochraceous, with the basal angle and a large spot near apex 
black ; membrane blackish, its basal angle and a spot near the 
apical margins of corium pale"* ochraceous ; body beneath black : 
femora black, their apices and the whole of the tibiae and tarsi 
pale ochraceous; antennae black, second joint a little longer 
than third, fourth longest and thickest ; vertex finely granulose, 
subacutely prominent anteriorly ; pronotum somewhat coarsely 
granulose, about as long as broad at base, the lateral margins a 



QEOCOEIS. 23 

little convexly rounded ; scutellum sparingly but coarsely granu- 
lose ; membrane not quite reaching abdominal apex nor covering 
connexivum ; corium strongly palely pilose, covering or almost 
covering the connexivum. 

Length 2 to 2| millim. 

Hab. Bombay Province ; Matheran, 2500 feet, Igatpuri, 2000 feet 
(Pusa Coll.}. 

As in the previous species, the specimens on which this one is 
founded are in a more or less greasy condition, which renders the 
coloration difficult to determine. This more particularly applies 
to the membrane, which in some examples appears to be brownish 
grey, with the veins piceous. 

Besides the distinct markings of the corium the species is to be 
recognized by the broader and comparatively shorter pronotum, 
with its more couvexly rounded lateral margins. 



Subfamily GEOCORIN^. (Vol. II, p. 29.) 

Genus GEOCORIS. (Vol. II, p. 29.) 

2799. Geocoris superbns, Montand. (Piocoris), Ann.Mus. Nat. Hung, 
v, p. 96 (1907). 

"Head of moderate size, a little narrower (including the eyes)than 
the breadth of the pronotutn behind, smooth, of a brilliant ochra- 
ceous yellow with the part anterior a little arched before the eyes, 
the extremity of the gense and of the tylus a little prominent ; eyes 
not very projecting nor much prolonged behind, intraocular space 
in front nearly twice as broad as the transverse diameter of one 




Fig. 9. Geocoris super bus. 

eye ; pronotum very transverse, about twice as broad at the base as 
medially long with the lateral margins converging in front, the 
anterior margin a little roundly arched, thus forming a very 
obtuse anterior angle at the junction with the lateral margins ; 
surface of the pronotum smooth, brilliant, with some very scarce 
and superficial punctures, a little more dense and better marked on 
a transverse discoidal line, which posteriorly limits the cicatrices, 



24 APPENDIX. LYG.EIDJE. 

the latter being entirely smooth, and without punctuation right 
up to the anterior margin ; pronotum brilliant ochraceous with a 
large black triangular spot at the base, this spot a little larger 
than the scutellum and its apex extending forwards to near the 
cicatrices ; the punctuation very faint and concolorous, ochraceous 
on the pale areas, black on the triangular area ; scutellum a little 
longer than broad at base, entirely black, smooth at base, the 
punctures stronger than on the pronotum, but sparse and unequal 
on the posterior two-thirds, apex slightly enlarged, a little spatu- 
late, narrowly rounded and brownish ; corium flavescent, smooth 
and brilliant at the base and on the disk, claval suture with a 
black fascia a little enlarged behind at the internal angle of the 
corium, margin and striated submarginal punctures narrowly black, 
with a large black spot covering the apical angle, the punctuation 
dense but very superficial ; membrane yellow at the internal angle, 
with a median transverse brown suffusion and hyaline at apex 
which distinctly passes the abdominal apex ; antennae mutilated, 
first joint ochraceous, very strong, second joint entirely black ; 
head beneath and prosternum ochraceous without spots, the latter 
with dense and concolorous punctuation ; meso- and metasterna 
black, with some pale patches scattered with black punctures ; 
orifices, coxae and legs yellow without spots ; abdomen beneath 
brilliant black with the posterior margin of the last segment very 
narrowly ochraceous." (Montandon.) 

Length 4 to 5 millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Mandar and Barway. 

By the kind assistance of Dr. Schouteden, I have been able to 
figure the type of this species. 

GEOCOEIS PFLVISCTJLATUS. (Vol. II, p. 30.) 

When I originally described this species from a single Burmese 
carded specimen, I was unable to describe the underside of the 
body. From Indian examples recently received, the bodv beneath 
and legs are seen to be pale luteous ; antennas with the third 
joint shorter than second or fourth joints which are subequal in 
length ; the rostrum imperfectly seen in the carded type is found 
to have the first and second joints subequal in length, not first 
longer than second as originally described, its apical joint almost 
reaching the posterior coxae ; sternum coarsely punctate ; the 
pronotal cicatrices are sometimes a little darker in hue. 

MA: Hab. Punjab; Lahore. Bengal; Katihar, Purneah, 
Calcutta (Ind. Mus.). 

2800. Geocoris dubrenili, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, 

P. I - ^. 

Head ochraceous, the eyes visibly pedunculate, a somewhat 
obsolete central impressed line not reaching base ; antennas with 
the first and fourth joints dull ochraceous, the second and third 
joints black, pronotum ochraceous, very coarsely blackly punctate, 



GEOCOBIS. 25 

the lateral margins and the posterior angles impunctate, a slight 
transverse ridge on the anterior area indicating the position of 
the cicatrices and containing one or two series of black punctures ; 
scutellum entirely black, a little narrowly pale brownish colour 
on the edges near the apex, very strongly punctate, and centrally 
obsoletely longitudinally carinate ; corium entirely yellow, brilliant, 
shining, distinctly punctured on apical area ; membrane passing 
the abdominal apex, paler and more greyish than the corium ; head 
beneath yellow, body beneath brilliant black, connexivum beneath 
with a small yellow spot on the external margin of each of the 
segments ; rostrum and legs yellow, the femora slightly annulated 
with brownish near apices. 

Length "3'3 to 3'6 millim." 

Hab. Madura District ; Shembaganur (Dubreuil, Coll. Montand. 
$ Brit. Mus.}. Pulney (Paris Mus.). 

In this enumeration G. dubreuili may be placed after G. lituratus, 
Fieb. (vol. ii, p. 30) ; the British Museum contains co-types of the 
species received from Dr. Montandon. 

GrEOCORls ANNULICOKNIS, Sign. Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, xv, 
p. 539 (1880) : Montand. Bull. Soc. Sci. Bucarest, xvi, p. 85 (1907). 
Geocoris fenestellus, Bredd. Soc. Ent. xvi, p. 10 (1901). 
Geocoris splendidus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 30). 

Montandon (supra) has compared the types of the above species 
and has satisfied himself as to their identity, though the species 
is of a variable character. The name G. splendidus, Dist. must 
therefore be suppressed and G. annulicornis, Sign, substituted for 
it. It is also found in India (Trichinopoly) and extends as far as 
New Guinea. 

2801. Geocoris maindroni, Montand. Bull. Soc. Sci. Bucarest, xvi, 
p. 90 (1907). 

" In form robust ; flavous, varied with brown and black spots, 
bristling on all the upper part with hairs somewhat long and a little 
dense; head blackish, almost glossv, moderately shiny on the 
middle, with the apex of the central lobe and a spot on each side 
of the anterior margin near the eyes navous-browii; prolonged 
subcircularly in front of the eyes with the central lobe and the 
extremities of the cheeks a little prominent, about twice as broad 
between the eyes as long ; eyes of moderate size, not very globose 
but lengthened behind over the anterior angle of the prouotum ; 
antennae slender, flavous, the second joint a little brownish, rather 
densely clothed with oblique hairs which are somewhat longer than 
the thickness of the joint ; the fourth joint a little shorter than 
the second and a little longer than the third ; pronotum flavous 
brown, moderately transverse, trapezoidal, with the anterior angles 
truncated behind the eyes, distinctly broader posteriorly than the 
median length, the surface a little rugulose, the punctuation 
irregular and very dense, leaving only the posterior margin 



26 APPENDIX. LYG^ID^E. 

narrowly impunctate and paler, the cicatrices equally smooth and 
black, the black colour becoming more and more diffused behind 
the cicatrices on each side of the median longitudinal line, which 
remains entirely flavous ; all the surface covered with long bristly 
hairs as on the head; scutellum very broadly black at the base, 
strongly granulose, punctured on all the surface excepting the 
pale whitish apex which remains smooth and obtusely carinate, 
similarly pilose as on pronotum ; corium flavous, glossy, brilliant, 
with the extreme base blackish and a large black brilliant sub- 
rounded and rather irregular spot on the middle of the disk, a 
pilosity resembling that of the scutellum near the base and on the 
edges, scarcer on the disk and nearly absent near the apex ; 
membrane narrowly white, milky at the base, brilliant black on the 
disk and the apical area which does not extend beyond the 
abdominal apex; head beneath and sternum flavous, the punc- 
tuation brownish, impunctate and pale at the coxal cavities, the 
orifices, the anterior margin of the prosternum and more narrowly 
at the posterior margins of the meso- and metasterna ; abdomen 
entirely brilliant black, with a large pale yellow spot on the 
posterior half of each of the segments of the connexivum ; legs 
pale yellow, tibiae with fine and clearly seen hairs ; rostrum pale 
with its apex brownish." (Montandon.) 

Length " 3-7 millim." 

Hob. Kurrachi (Maindron, Paris Mus.), 

Allied to O. Jiirmtus, Montand. I have not seen this species. 

2802. Geocoris kalighatus, S p. n. 

Head, antennae, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath black ; 
apex of third joint and the whole of fourth joint of antennas, 
apical margin of head, apex of scutellum, rostrum and legs, 
ochraceous; hemelytra stramineous, corium with a large black 
apical spot which occupies a little more than the apical third of the 
whole area; coxae and small lateral spots to sternum obscure 
greyish ; antennae finely pilose, second joint slightly longer than 
fourth, each distinctly longer than third ; head with the anterior 
margins longly pilose, the disk with short, semierect hairs, 
punctate, and with a foveate impression near bases of antennae ; 
pronotura coarsely punctate, with somewhat erect pale hairs, and 
with a transverse impression on anterior area ; scntellum coarsely 
punctate, more sparsely so on apical area; corium with its lateral 
margins slightly convex, longitudinally punctate along the principal 
veins and granulose on about basal third of costal margin where 
there are long marginal hairs; membrane dull stramineous 
hyaline; eyes large and flattened, directed a little outwardly and 
backwardly beyond the anterior margin of the pronotum. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hab. Calcutta. 

Apparently allied to G. maindroni, Montand., colour of antenna 
and pronotum and markings of corium different. 



GEOCOEIS. 27 

2803. Geocoris hirsutus, Montand. Hull. Soc. Sci. Bucarest, xv, 
1906, p. 324 (1907). 

Strongly hirsute; head ochraceous, the ocelli prominent; 
antennae with the first and fourth joints ochraceous, second and 
third joints fuscous, apex of third joint distinctly paler ; pronotum 
fuscous, the lateral margins and a strongly broken central longi- 
tudinal fascia ochraceous, the latter paler ; scutellum fuscous with 
a central longitudinal ochraceous fascia on its apical half ; corium 
ochraceous, the central margin paler, and with a large blackish 
spot near each inner angle ; membrane hyaline ; body beneath and 
legs ochraceous, lateral areas of sternum and abdomen and apex of 
the latter piceous; antennae with the first joint short, smooth, 




Fig. 10. Geocoris hirsutus. 

remaining joints hirsute, second longer than third, third and fourth 
subequal in length ; head with the central lobe apically prominent ; 
pronotum transversely impressed on each side at about one-third 
from anterior margin, distinctly punctate, excepting the margins ; 
scutellum, excepting the pale fascia, distinctly punctate; corium and 
clavus with longitudinal series of punctures; legs strongly hirsute. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Trichinopoly (Bird, Mus. Honyrois'). 

I am indebted to the kindness of Dr. Horvath for an opportunity 
of examining and figuring the type of this species. 

2804. Geocoris puri, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black; apex of head pale dull 
ochraceous, the apical margins and a median line to the central 
lobe black; lateral margins to pronotum and apical area to 
scutellum dull pale ochraceous ; antennas piceous, extreme apices 
to second and third joints and the whole of the apical joint 
stramineous ; body beneath dull black, lateral margins of sternum 



28 APPENDIX. LYGJEID.E. 

and abdomen stramineous ; legs black, apices of femora and the 
tibiee and tarsi more or less ocbraceous ; corium stramineous with 
a large blackisb discal spot widening to membranal division; 
membrane dull greyish, sometimes infuscate ; antennae robust, 
witb short semi-erect hairs, second joint longest, third shortest, 
rostrum piceous, about reaching posterior coxae; head with an 
oblique foveate depression on each side before the eyes ; pronotum 




Fig. 11. Geocoris puri. 

coarsely punctate except on lateral margins, with a faint central 
longitudinal carination and two transverse cicatrices on anterior 
area; scutellum less strongly punctate, the apical area sparingly 
punctate and with a faint central paler carinate line ; corium 
finely and sparsely punctate, the punctures more distinct and in 
longitudinal series on the claval area and on subcostal area of 
corium. 

Var. Corium nearly wholly black, the basal angle and costal 
areas stramineous. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Orissa ; Puri (Annandale). 

GEOCOKIS JTJCUNDUS. (Vol. II, p. 31.) 

Mr. E. E. Green has recently sent me two specimens of this 
species from Ceylon, one is typical, the other varietal. 

Var. a. Basal and anterior margins as well as the lateral 
angular areas of the pronotum pale ochraceous. 

A third specimen also received from Mr. Green appears to be 
only a blanched form, but its position, pending the examination of 
more material, is uncertain. 

Add : Hob. Ceylon ; Colombo (Green). 

" From sandy compound, amongst short wiry grass." (E. E. 
Green in Hit.) 



GEEMALUS. 29 

Genus GERMALUS. 

Germalus, Stal, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 311, note (1862) ; id. Hem. 
Afr. ii, p. 142 (1865) ; id. En. Hem. iv, p. 133 (1874). 

Type, G. Jcinbergi, Still, from Mauritius. 

Distribution. Madagascar, Mauritius, and the Oriental, Malayan 
and Australasian Regions. 

This genus is to be separated from Geocoris by the ampliate, not 
narrowed apex of the clavus, the margins of which are parallel, and 
also by the strongly pedunculated eyes. 

2805. Germalus greeni, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous; ocelli darker; apices of the eyes bright 
carmine-red ; antennse and rostrum ochraceous, apex of the latter 
black ; pronotum with the anterior area ochraceous, the posterior 
area creamy white with dark punctures ; scutellum ochraceous ; 
corium pale ochraceous, the claval area piceous, the costal area 
whitish hyaline with its apical angle margined with black ; 
membrane hyaline reflecting the abdomen beneath ; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; antennae with the first joint shortest and 
with an outer black line, second longest, about half as long again 




Fig. 12. G-ermalus greeni. 

as third or fourth which are subequal in length; vertex broad, 
subacutely produced in front where there is a short central black 
line ; eyes strongly sty late, directed a little upwardly and for- 
wardly ; pronotum with two transverse impunctate narrow spaces 
before anterior margin which is somewhat sparsely darkly punctate, 
the disk coarsely darkly punctate, excepting the basal margin which 
is impunctate and contains a central and two lateral small black 
spots, a distinct central longitudinal carination not reaching 
posterior margin ; scutellum with a curved transverse impunctate 



30 APPENDIX. 

ridge continued centrally to apex, the remaining area coarsely 
darkly punctate; clavus longitudinally punctate, the corium 
smooth ; sternum excluding the segmental margins thickly finely 
punctate. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green}. 

Subfamily COLOBATHRISTIN^. (Vol. II, p. 32.) 

Malcida, StfU, Hem. Afr. ii. p. 121 (1865), 
Malcinee, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 41. 
Colobathristiuee, Horv. Ann. Mus. Hung, ii, p. 117 (1904). 

I do not propose altering my conception of this subfamily as the 
opinions of taxonomists still appear to be in an unsettled condition. 
Thus Malcida proposed by Stal (1865), evidently used for the 
reception of his genus Malcus (vol. ii, p. 32), and advocated by 
Horvath (supra p. 118, note), was subsequently discarded by Stal in 
his En. Hem. p. 170 (1874) where he places Malcus under " Genera 
et species Lyc/ceidarum incerti loci systematici." In placing Malcus in 
the Colobathristinse, I am in agreement with Lethierry. My genus 
Curupira (1888), however, has been shown to be a synonym of 
Colobafhristes, Burrn., and I seem to have been clearly in error in 
placing it in the Coreidse, and certainly wrong in including it with 
the Leptocorisaria. Here again, however, there is almost a parallel 
diversity of opinion, for Stal, who still remains our greatest au- 
thority, in his " Enumeration of the Lygseidae " (1874), placed the 
Berytinae as a subfamily of the Lygaeidae, though he had prevously 
(1865) located the Berytida as a distinct family between the 
Coreidao and the Lygseidse, this latter opinion now being almost 
universally followed by Ehynchotists, though Van Duzee follows 
Stal's earlier direction. 

Genus PHJENACANTHA. 

Phsenacantha, Horv. Ann. Mus. Hung, ii, p. 120 (1904). 

Type, P. biroi, Horv., from New Guinea. 

Distribution. Oriental and Malayan Eegions ; also recorded from 
the Fiji Islands. 

"Head vertical, laterally not carinate, facial angle straight, gula 
horizontal; eyes shortly stylate; ocelli strongly approximate, at 
least four times more remote from eyes than from each other : 
antennae longer than the body, fourth joint a little shorter 
than the third, rarely of equal length or slightly longer : 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae or nearly so, rarely short 
and slightly passing the middle of the mesosternum, fourth joint 
shorter than the third; pronotum anteriorly not or slightly 
narrowed, the posterior lobe nearly twice as long as the anterior 
lobe (in brachypterous forms no more than half longer); 



PH.ENACANTHA. 31 

scutellura armed with a long, erect apical spine, hemelytra not or 
slightly passing the abdominal apex, corium without an anteapical 
areole ; abdomen apically somewhat distinctly incrassated ( J ), or 
slightly ampliate behind middle, afterwards distinctly narrowed 
near apex ( ), third ventral segment more than twice as long as 
second, third and fourth segments subconnate in the <$ , the three 
last segments slightly shorter than the third, rarely a little 
longer ; anterior femora beneath not multideuticulate, only armed 
with an ante-apical spine, anterior tibiae unarmed." (Horvdth.) 



2806. Phaenacantha sedula, Horv. Ann. Mus. Hung, ii, p. 130 
(1904). 

" Dimorphic, ferruginous-testaceous ; anterior lobe of pronotum, 
scutellum, gula and sternum glaucous black ; head slightly broader 
than pronotum, above marked with two anteriorly diverging 
fuscous bands, ocelli four times more remote from eyes than from 
each other ; second joint of antennae half as long again as 
first and slightly shorter than third, fourth joint a little longer 
than the preceding joint ; apex of rostrum black ; pronotum ante- 
riorly declivous, anterior lobe moderately convex, a little declivous 
and the vertex moderately raised, posterior lobe distinctly punc- 
tate ; scutellum sparsely punctate, the apical spine very 
slightly longer than the posterior pronotal lobe, vertical or sub- 
vertical (80), pale, apex black or darkly fuscous ; hemelytra 
complete or incomplete, griseously hyaline, veins testaceous ; 
sternum punctate, posterior lobe of prosternurn and sometimes also 
the acetabula ferruginous-testaceous ; orifices, posterior angle of 
the metasternum, connexivum, and lateral margins of the abdomen 
beneath whitish testaceous, the last with the base black ; apices of 
tarsi black. 

Length 7| to 8; breadth 1 millim. 

Macropt. form. Pronotum one-third longer than its own breadth, 
anteriorly narrowed, anterior and posterior lobes separated by a 
deep impression, posterior lobe much more convex and at least 
twice as long as the anterior lobe ; hemelytra slightly shorter 
than the abdomen ; apical angle of the corium, the veins of the 
clavus and membrane slightly infuscate. 

Bracket, form. Pronotum one-fourth longer than broad, ante- 
riorly not narrowed, lateral margins nearly parallel, anterior and 
posterior lobes placed in the same plane and separated by a shallow 
furrow; posterior lobe not convex and half as long as the anterior 
lobe ; hemelytra abbreviated, scarcely extending to behind apex of 
metanotum ; abdomen above often with two fuscous bands." 
(Horvdth.) 

Hob. Burma; Karennee (Fea). Penang, Singapore, Engano, 
Mentawei (fide Horvdth). 

I have not seen this species. 



32 APPENDIX. 

PH^ENACANTHA BICOLOR, Dist. (Curupira) i, p. 412, & p. 411. 
f 242; Horv. (Phsenacaiitha (Anorjgma)), Ann. Mus. Hung. 
ii, p. 138 (1904). 

Under the name of Phcenacantha solers, Dr. Horvath has 
described * the form I figured (supra} as P. bicolor, Dist. This I 
take to be a varietal form of the species ; Dr. Horvath considers 
it as specifically distinct. This difference in opinion, at least for 
the present and awaiting more material, must continue. 



2807. Phaenacantha viridipennis, Horv. (Phsenacantha ( Anorygma;), 
Ann. Mus. Hung, ii, p. 139 (1904). 

" Flavous-testaceous ; apical half of pronotum, scutellum, head 
beneath, and sternum wholly glaucous black ; head scarcely broader 
than posterior lobe of pronotum, with two anteriorly diverging 
lines on the vertex and two small basal bands on the cephalic lobe, 
fuscescent; antennce one-fifth longer than the body, first joint a 
little longer than second joint and one-fourth shorter than third, 
the two apical joints equally long ; apex of rostrum black : pro- 
notum nearly one-fourth longer than its own breadth, anteriorly 
nonvexly declivous and a little narrowed, the anterior and posterior 
lobes placed in the same plane and separated by a shallow impression, 
anterior lobe nearly impunctate, with the vertex a little higher an- 
teriorly, posterior lobe three times as long as anterior lobe, densely 
punctate and, besides the black anterior margin, with a median black 
band posteriorly abbreviated ; scutellum punctate, apical spine a 
little shorter than the posterior lobe of the pronotum, vertical, 
black, basal third flavous white ; hemelytra a little shorter than 
the abdomen, virescent hyaline, the veins testaceous; sternum 
densely and distinctly punctate ; abdomen ochraceous, base above 
und beneath black or blackish, lateral margins whitish testaceous, 
posterior margin of the third ventral segment straight." (Hor- 
vdth.) 

"Length $ 11 ; breadth 1| millim." 

Hal. Tenasserim ; Thagata (Fed]. Sumatra (fide Horvath). 

I have not seen this species. 



Genus MALCUS. (Vol. II, p. 32.) 
MALCUS SCUTELLATUS. (Vol. II, p. 33.) 

Malcus flavidipes, Bredd. (nee St&l), Deutsch. eni. Zeitschr. 1907 
p. 41. 

Breddin (supra) has stated that M. scutellatus, Dist. = flavidipes. 
St,l (vol. ii, p. 33). He was, however, clearly unfamiliar with tha 
two species and has misunderstood that of Stal. 



Ann. Mus. Hung, ii, p. 139 (1904). 



NERTHUS. 33 

Genus NERTHUS. (To follow Artemidorus, Vol. II, p. 33.) 
Nerthus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 327 (1909). 

Type, N. dudgeoni, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from the Punjab. 

Elongate ; head broad, convexly narrowed in front of eyes ; 
central lobe prominent and slightly produced ; antennas with the 
first joint shortest, distinctly shorter than the head, second joint 
a little longer than either third or fourth ; rostrum just passing 
the posterior coxae, first joint passing base of head, second and 
third subequal in length ; ocelli near posterior margin, nearer to 
eyes than to each other ; pronotum elongate, moderately laterally 
sinuate, transverse constriction distinct, anterior lobe convex, a 
little shorter than posterior lobe, which is deflected anteriorly, the 
posterior lateral angles rounded, their posterior margins slightly 
lobately produced ; scutellum a little longer than broad, with a 
discal longitudinal carination ; corium a little more than half the 
length of abdomen and concavely constricted at middle; membrane 
reaching apex of abdomen ; legs moderately long, unarmed, pilose ; 
femora moderately evenly thickened, posterior tarsi with the basal 
joint a little longer than the remaining joints together ; abdomen 
beneath with a distinct, central, longitudinal, carinate line. 

Allied to Artemidorus, Dist., but differing by the basal joint of 
antennae being shorter than the head ; the much longer rostrum 
and the relative lengths of joints of same, the shorter and evenly 
thickened posterior femora, not attenuated towards base and 
incrassate at apex as in Artemidorus. 

2808. Nerthus dudgeoni, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 328 (1909). 
Head, antennae, pronotum, scutellum, abdomen above, rostrum, 




Fig. 13. Nerthus dudgeoni. 



and body beneath black ; posterior margin of pronotum, central 
apical longitudinal carination to scutellum, corium, and elongate 



34 APPENDIX. 

(almost connected) spots to connexivum very pale ochraceous ; 
base of first joint of antennse and the legs reddish yellow ; apical 
angle of corium and the tarsi black ; bases of intermediate and pos- 
terior femora stramineous ; head, prouotum, and sternum thickly 
coarsely punctate ; clavus longitudinally punctate ; corium with 
the subclaval margin and the costal margin longitudinally punc- 
tate ; body beneath (especially the abdomen) finely greyishly 
pilose ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 9 millim. 

Hah. Punjab ; Kangra Valley, 4500 feet (Dudgeon). 



Subfamily HETEROGASTRINyE. (Vol. II, p. 35.) 
Chauliopinse, Bredd. Deiitsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 40. 

Genus CHAULIOPS. (Vol. II, p. 35.) 

2809. Chanliops lobatula, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 41. 
Chauliops fallax ? Bredd. (nee Scott), torn. tit. p. 40. 

Allied to G. fallax, Scott, but differing in the following charac- 
ters : The pronotum anteriorly is less narrowed and also more 
gibbously rounded ; first joint of antennse a little shorter ; corium 




Fig. 14. Chauliops lobatula. 

on its apical half more darkly piceous or black, forming two dark 
longitudinal spots*; anterior margin of clavus darker; legs 
flavescent, femora (excluding bases) and bases of tibiaa black or 
castaneous; membrane piceous or black, with a distinct white 

* In some specimens of C. fallax this is also visible, though in the tvoical 
specimen figured (vol. ii, fig. 21) these markings Are practically absent. 



EPIBOMIUS. 35 

spot at the basal angles ; membrane not passing the abdominal 
apex. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green), Nalanda (fide Breddin). 

Breddin describes the corium as longer than in fallax and 
nearly as long as the membrane in its longest extension ; this is 
incorrect. 

Chauliops has recently been found in the Ethiopian Region. 
I have described a species from Calabar, and Bergroth informs 
me that he possesses a species from Pemba Island. 

2810. Chauliops nigrescens, Dist. A. M. N. H, (8) iii, p. 328 (1909). 

Head pale castaneous brown, with an obscure darker longi- 
tudinal fascia on each side between the bases of antennae and the 
ocelli ; antennae pale ochraceous, the first and fourth joints 
brownish ochraceous ; pronoturu sordidly ochraceous, thickly 
piceously punctate, a black subanterior marginal fascia (inter- 
rupted at middle) and a pale central longitudinal line ; scutellum 
pitchy-black ; corium sordidly ochraceous, the clavus and apical 
area of corium pitchy-black ; membrane sordidly greyish, with 
piceous suffusions ; connexivum pale luteous, spotted with black ; 
body beneath and legs dull black ; coxae, bases of femora, a broad 
central annulation to tibiae, and the tarsi pale ochraceous ; antennae 
robust, second and third joints slender, second longest, fourth 
slightly longer than third ; pronotum gibbously rounded, much as 
in C. lobatula, Bredd. ; corium distinctly shorter than membrane, 
which very slightly extends beyond abdominal apex; abdomen 
beneath coarsely granulose. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hab, N.W. India; Kumaon, Bhim Tal (Ind. Mus. $ Coll 
Dist.). 

Genus EPIBOMIUS. 
(After Sadoletus, Vol. II, p. 37.) 
Epibomius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 328 (1909). 

Type, E.pusa, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Subelongate; head about as long as breadth between eyes, 
somewhat abruptly pointed in front, the lateral margins between 
base of antennae and apex convexly sinuate, ocelli a little in front 
of basal margin and on each side near eyes ; antennae moderately 
robust, pilose, the third and fourth joints prominently pilose ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; pronotum about as long 
as broad at anterior margin, transversely impressed near middle, 
the anterior margin very slightly sinuate, lateral margins almost 
straightly oblique, posterior margin truncate, centrally with a faint 

T) 2 



APPENDIX. LYGLEID.E. 



longitudinal carina ; corium considerably longer than membrane, 
which scarcely passes the abdominal apex, and with the basal 
cells distinct ; femora moderately thickened. 
Near Sadoletus, Dist. 



2811. Epibomius pusa, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 329 (1909). 

Head black; antennae piceous, greyishly pilose; pronotum pale 
castaneous red, the anterior and posterior areas more or less black; 
corium black, very finely greyishly pilose, the basal and apical 
angles testaceous ;" head beneath black; sternum pale castaneous 




Fig. 15. Epibomius pusa. 

red, with its disk black; abdomen beneath and legs sordidly ochra- 
ceous, the former with its base and apex black ; connexival border 
beneath pale luteous, with black spots; head thickly obscurely 
punctate; antennae with the second joint longest, third and fourth 
strongly pilose, fourth joint slightly longer than third ; pronotum 
sparingly very coarsely punctate, its lateral margins prominently 
pilose; corium obscurely punctate and more distinctly pilose; 
sternum sparingly coarsely punctate. 

Length 3| to 4 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). 

Genus MESCHIA, nov. 

Type, M. pugnasc, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Head much broader than long, the anterior margin strongly 
sinuate and angulate on each side before eyes, the central lobe 
prominent and somewhat strongly produced ; ocelli on extreme 



MESCHIA. 



37 



basal margin, nearer eyes than to each other ; rostrum long, con- 
siderably passing middle of abdomen, first joint reaching base of 
head, second joint longest ; antennae robust, first joint short not 
passing apex of head, second longest, third and fourth subequal in 
length ; pronotum very large, much broader than long, obliquely 
directed from base to apex, the lateral margins a little sinuate 
the posterior lateral angles subprominent, the anterior margin 
prominent and almost appearing as a very slight collar, before 
the anterior margin it is transversely impressed and is slightly 
transversely ridged at basal margin ; scutellum large, a little 
broader than long, with a very slight longitudinal carinate line ; 
connexivum exposed beyond middle of corium ; membrane slightly 
passing abdominal apex and with a distinct basal cell and five 
longitudinal veins ; legs of moderate length, femora thickened. 

By the character of the basal cell to the membrane, I place this 
genus in the Heterogastrinse. 

2812. Meschia pugnax, sp. n. 

Head and antennae brownish ochraceous, the latter with the 
apex of the second joint and the third and fourth joints (excluding 
bases and apices) more or less fuscous ; pronotum ochraceous, the 
anterior area reddish ochraceous, with two central longitudinal 
fasciae which are black on anterior area and brownish on posterior 
area; scutellum ochraceous : corium pale ochraceous with scattered 
black speckles, the apical angle also black ; membrane hyaline ; 




Fig. 16. Meschia p'.inna 



abdomen above pale reddish ; the connexivum ochraceous ; body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; an oblique sublateral line on head 
and prosternum and a broken sublateral line to abdomen pale 
sanguineous ; head moderately punctate, the central disk a little 
darker ; pronotum coarsely punctate with a subanterior transverse 
slightly curved ridge ; scutellum coarsely punctate with an indis- 
tinct central pale longitudinal line ; sternum somewhat thickly 



38 APPENDIX. 

punctate on lateral areas ; femora more or less blackly punctate ; 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 

2813. Meschia quadrimaculata, sp. n. 

Body above and beneath brownish ochraceous, beneath some- 
times pale ochraceous ; pronotum with four black spots on basal 
margin ; corium in some lights much paler in hue ; membrane 
hyaline, reflecting the dark abdomen beneath; legs pale ochra- 
ceous, femora apically spotted with black (the anterior and 
intermediate slightly, the posterior more strongly) ; pronotum 
coarsely punctate and rugulose, in front of the anterior con- 
striction moderately, transversely tuberculous, and with a faint 




Fig. 17. Meschia quadrimaculat 



longitudinal pale central line; scutellum thickly punctate with 
a pale central longitudinal line broadened at apex ; clavus longi- 
tudinally punctate, corium faintly punctate, more prominently 
and longitudinally punctate near claval and costal margins ; 
antennae mutilated in typical specimen. 

Length 4 millira. 

Hob', East Bengal. 



Genus SADOLETUS. (Vol. II, p. 37.) 
2814. Sadoletus pallescens, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 329 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum dark brownish ochraceous ; eyes 
and two large oblique spots on posterior lobe of pronotum black ; 
corium pale ochraceous ; membrane pale hyaline ; antennae, rostrum, 
body beneath, and legs pale ochraceous ; meso- and metasterna 
dark brownish ochraceous ; posterior lateral angles of the latter 



DINOMACHUS. 39 

pale ochraceous ; antennae with the extreme apices of the second 
and third joints and the apical joint (excluding base) more or less 
piceous ; tibiae biannulated with pale brownish, ' apices of tarsi 
piceous, posterior femora with a fuscous spot on upper surface a 
little beyond middle ; antennae with the second joint slightly 
longer than the third, fourth joint slightly or scarcely longer than 
the second ; posterior lobe of pronotum somewhat coarsely 
punctate ; scutelluin finely obscurely punctate on basal, much more 
strongly punctate on apical area ; clavus longitudinally punctate, 
corium linearly and more sparingly punctate. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 

Differs from S. validus, Dist., by the differently coloured head 
and pronotum and the much less or scarcely pilose character of 
the same. 



Genus DINOMACHUS. (Vol. II, p. 37.) 

2815. Dinomachus rhacinus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1, p. 410 
(1906). 

Ochraceous, thickly finely darkly punctate ; pronotum with the 
extreme lateral margins piceous, a broken macular black basal 
fascia, and with a central pale line to posterior lobe ; scutellum 
piceous, with a central pale line on apical area ; corium with two 
small spots on disk, a transverse spot before apex, and the apical 
angle black ; membrane bronzy ; connexivum spotted with piceous ; 
body beneath piceous, disk of abdomen and legs ochraceous ; 
tibise, tarsi, and apices of femora annulated with castaneous; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, basal joint scarcely 
passing base of head ; antennas pale castaneous, base and subapical 
annulation to first joint, subbasal annulation and apex to second 
joint, and apex of third joint ochraceous, second joint longest; 
head broad, central lobe a little prominent at apex, thickly finely 
pilose, obscurely thickly punctate; pronotum with the anterior 
lobe moderately globose, its lateral margins convex, distinctly 
narrower than posterior lobe ; scutellum as long as broad, largely 
irregularly excavate at each lateral angle, and obliquely depressed 
on each side at apical area, thickly finely punctate ; corium more 
sparsely and finely punctate, the punctures arranged longi- 
tudinally. 

Length 7 to 8 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy}. N.W. India ; Roorkee (Brunttti, 
Ind. Mus.}. Ceylon ; Wellawaya (E. E. Green). 

This and the following species D. nitidiusculus are distinct from 
D. sikhimensis (vol. ii, p. 38) by the narrower anterior lobe of the 
pronotum, thus agreeing more with the typical South African 
species D. marshalli, Dist. 



40 APPENDIX. 

2816. Dinoinachus nitidiusculus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1, p. 411 
(1906). 

Ochraceous, thickly finely punctate ; head distinctly finely 
pilose ; pronotum with a basal marginal series of small castaneous 
spots ; scutellum with the basal area piceous, traversed by a 
longitudinal pale line ; coriuni with two small spots on disk, and 
some irregular transverse spots on apical area, black ; membrane 
ochraceous ; head beneath and sternum piceous : coxae, trochanters, 
legs, and abdomen beneath ochraceous ; lateral margins of sternum 
linearly black ; tibiae, tarsi, and apices of femora annulated with 
castaneous ; anterior femora strongly spotted with castaneous ; 
abdomen spotted with piceous on each lateral area ; antennae 
castaneous, basal joint ochraceous speckled with castaneous, sub- 
basal annulation and apex to second joint and apex of third joint 
ochraceous, second joint longest ; rostrum slightly passing the 
intermediate coxa3, basal joint scarcely passing base of head ; pro- 
notum with the anterior lobe moderately globose, distinctly 
narrower than the posterior lobe which is somewhat coarsely 
punctate ; scutellum irregularly excavate on each side both at 
base and apical area. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green}. 



2817. Dinomachus indicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 491 (1909). 

Head greyish brown, pilose, with some darker spots near base ; 
pronotum brownish ochraceous, darkly punctate, transversely 




Fig. 18. Dinomachus indicus. 



impressed before middle, the anterior area or lobe discally dark 
castaneous, the margins narrowly ochraceous ; scutellum brownish 
ochraceous, darkly punctate, with a central longitudinal line (not 



ESMUN. 41 

reaching base) and the apex pale ochraceous ; corium pale dull 
ochraceous, longitudinally punctate, the apical angles castaneous ; 
membrane subhyaline, the veins a little darker ; body beneath 
thickly greyishly pilose (imperfectly seen in carded typical 
specimen) ; legs brownish ochraceous, posterior tibiae with three 
broad dark anulations ; antennae greyish brown, first joint slightly 
passing apex of head, second joint a little longer than third (fourth 
mutilated in typical specimen) ; pronotum with the lateral margins 
strongly sinuate, the posterior margin concavely sinuate before 
scutellum, the posterior area or lobe much more strongly punctate 
than the anterior area, the pale narrow margins impunctate ; legs 
somewhat longly pilose ; rostrum imperfectly seen in carded 
typical specimen. 

Length 6| rnillim. 

Hob. India (sic) ( Vienna Museum"). 



Genus ESMUN. 
Esmun, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 330 (1909). 

Type, E. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bombay. 

Body oblong ; head about as long as breadth between eyes, 
central lobe prominent and moderately projecting ; ocelli near 
base a little nearer to eyes than to each other ; rostrum reaching 
or just passing the anterior coxae, first joint not reaching base of 
head ; antennae moderately robust, first joint scarcely reaching 
apex of head, fourth joint incrassated ; pronotum broader than 
long, before middle roundly narrowed to eyes, obsoletely trans- 
versely depressed near middle, posterior margin moderately 
concave, anterior margin nearly straight ; scutellum broad and 
short ; hemelytra shorter and narrower than the abdomen ; corium 
shorter than membrane at its greater central length, its apical 
margin sinuate, membrane with distinct basal cells and scarcely 
passing the base of the last abdominal segment ; femora moderately 
incrassate, posterior tarsi with the basal joint shorter than the 
second and third joints together. 

Near Dinomachus, Dist. 



2818. Esmnn typicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 330 (1909). 

Head, antennae, rostrum, scutellum, abdomen above, and body 
beneath and legs black ; base of fourth joint of antennae rusty 
brown ; eyes and apices of the tibiae castaneous brown ; tarsi 
pale ochraceous ; corium pale stramineous, base of clavus, two 
very small spots at claval apex, and the apical margins of corium 
(broadly and irregularly) black ; membrane hyaline, centrally 
slightly tinged with fuscous brown ; antennae with the third 



APPENDIX. 



joint shorter than second 01 fourth, fourth longer than second ; 
head granulose and punctate ; pronotum coarsely punctate, two 
subcallosities on anterior area less punctate, the central area 




Fig. IQ.Esmun 



somewhat broadly transversely depressed ; scutellum opaque ; 
abdomen above very finely greyishly pilose. 

Length 3| millim. 

Bab. Bombay (Dixori). 



Genus EUHEMERUS. 
Euhemerus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 331 (1909). 

Type, E. latus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only recorded from Bombay. 

Broad, subovate ; head nearly as long as breadth between eyes ; 
antenna? moderately robust, first joiut not reaching apex of head ; 
ocelli situate near eyes ; rostrum almost reaching the intermediate 
coxae, first joint almost reaching base of head ; pronotum much 
broader than long, the anterior angles rounded, posterior margin a 
little concave, anterior margin slightly concave for the reception of 
head, near middle centrally transversely impressed ; scutellum very 
short and broad ; hemelytra a little shorter and considerably 
narrower than the abdomen ; corium shorter than central length 
of membrane, its apical margin irregularly concave ^ membrane 
with distinct basal cells and not quite reaching the abdominal 
apex ; femora moderately thickened, first joint of posterior tarsi 
not quite as long as the second and third joints together. 

Allied to the preceding genus, Esmun, Dist. 

2819. Euhemerus latus, Dist. A. M. M. H. (8) iii, p. 381 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, abdomen above, and body be- 
neath black ; antennae, lateral margins of conuexivum, rostrum, 
and legs castaneous brown, apices of the femora, intermediate 



PHLEGYAS. 43 

and posterior tibiae, and the tarsi ochraceous; corium greyish 
white, margins of clavus, two spots at claval apex, and the 




Fig. 20. Euhemerus lotus. 



longitudinal veins to corium brownish, apical angular areas black ; 
membrane hyaline ; antennae with the second joint longer than 
the third but shorter than the fourth joint ; head and pronotum 
thickly rather coarsely punctate ; scutellum opaque ; connexivum 
and abdomen beneath thickly, shortly, greyishly pilose. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hal. Bombay (Dixori). 



Subfamily PACHYGRONTHIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 39.) 

PHLEGYAS BTJEMANUS. (Vol. II, p. 40.) 

Teracrius burinanus var. singalensis, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 
1907, p. 220. 

"Head, pronotura, pleura, scutellum, and upper sides of all the 
femora pale yellowish like the corium ; tip of clypeus, three spots 
on the cicatrisant region, often running together into a transverse 
band, five more or less obsolete longitudinal stripes diverging 
behind on the hinder half of pronotum, as well as three basal spots 
to scutellum, pitchy-brown or pitchy-black." (Breddin.) 

Breddin states that his proposed variety is known only in the 
5 and that intermediate links between the forms occur ; I there- 
fore cannot regard it as anything but a simple synonym. It 
enables us, however, to add to the Burmese habitat originally 
given. 

Add :Hab. Ceylon ; Weligama, Putalam, Anuradhapura (fide 
Breddin). 



44 APPENDIX. LYGJEID^E. 

Breddin places the species in the genus Teracrius, Still, an 
allied genus to Phlegyas founded on a South African species which 
I have not seen. This may be correct, but, at present, I leave the 
species as originally located. 



Subfamily OXYCARENIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 42.) 

2820. Oxycarenus musculus, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, 
p. 219. 

c? $. "Differs from 0. lugubris, Motsch., by the following 
characters. Stature very small, (likewise in $ ) ; the white costal 
margin characteristic of 0. lugubris is in this species broadly 
interrupted behind the middle by the black transverse band 
running to the costa ; corium, except the white basal third, with 
a white transverse band just before the black hind angle ; mem- 
brane very narrowly bordered with white, the inner angle, as well 
as a narrow stripe along the membranal division white ; middle 
and hind tibiae (except base and apex) and the odoriferous 
aperture, as well as the hind border of the metapleura, ivory- 
white. Several completely corresponding specimens." (Breddin.} 

" Length 2f-3 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Anuradhapura (fide Breddin). 

I have not seen this species.* 



Genus MABUTHAS, nov. 

Type, M. saniosus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Ceylon. 

Head a little longer than broad, including eyes, attenuated arid 
obtusely angulate anteriorly ; eyes small and contiguous to the 
anterior angles of the pronotum ; antennae with the first joint not 
reaching apex of head, second longest, third and fourth subequal 
in length ; rostrum long, passing the middle of abdomen, first 
joint about reaching base of head, second just passing the anterior 
coxae ; pronotum longer than broad, transversely impressed near 
middle, before which it is moderately convex, the posterior area or 
lobe longitudinally impressed and obliquely directed forwardly, 



* Bergroth (Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xlix, p. 381 (1905)) states that 0. Its/us, 
Kirby (vol. ii, p. 43), is identical with the Palaarctic and Ethiopian 0. hyalini- 
pennis, Costa. This opinion is ignored by Breddin (Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 
1907, p. 218) who has followed my method in keeping Kirby's species as 



MAEUTHAS. 



45 



the lateral margins oblique and slightly sinuate, the basal margin 
straight, the anterior margin moderately concave ; scutellum sub- 
triangular, much broader at base than long ; membrane not quite 
reaching the abdominal apex ; femora robust, anterior femora 
somewhat strongly spined beneath. 

Allied to Oxycarenus, from which it differs by the length of the 
rostrum, the spinous anterior femora, the membrane not reaching 
abdominal apex, &c. 



2821. Maruthas saniosus, 8 p. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum sanguineous ; antennae with the 
basal joint sanguineous, second and third joints pale stramineous, 
fourth joint reddish with the base stramineous; corium dull reddish, 
the basal angle paler and more ochraceous, the basal half of costal 




Fig. 21. Maruthas saniosus. 



margin hyaline; membrane dark greyish; body beneath and 
femora sanguineous ; rostrum, tibiae, tarsi, and coxal spots 
stramineous ; body shortly, somewhat strongly pilose ; lateral 
margins of head and pronotum more longly pilose; head, ex- 
cluding central lobe, somewhat granulose ; pronotum with the 
anterior lobe shortly pilose and finely granulose, posterior lobe 
coarsely punctate ; scutellum with some small scattered granules ; 
corium coarsely, shortly, suberectly pilose ; sternum obscurely, 
finely punctate ; abdomen beneath suberectly pilose, apical lateral 
and apical margins more or less blackish. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 

Associated with Oxycarenus Icetus in cotton bolls (E. E. Green). 



46 APPENDIX. 



Subfamily APHANIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 45.) 

Genus MAHISA. 
Mahisa, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1, p. 412 (1906). 

Type, M. ceromatica, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head about as long as expanse of eyes, anteriorly subacute, 
obscurely transversely depressed between anterior margins of eyes, 
moderately globose between and behind eyes where there is a 
narrow central longitudinal striation, narrowed at base into a very 
short neck ; eyes situate at about centre of head, and ocelli placed 
just behind them at sides of head ; antennae with the first joint 
moderately thickened and distinctly passing apez of head, about 
half as long as second, and a little shorter than third ; rostrum 
slightly passing the intermediate coxse, first joint reaching eyes, 
second almost reaching base of head, third very long; pronotum 
much shorter than broad at base, the lateral margins concavely 
sinuate, anterior margin broadly moderately elevated, depressed 
on disk ; scutellum short, with an oblique ridge starting from 
each basal angle and uniting with a central longitudinal ridge on 
apical area ; membrane well developed, as long as clavus ; femora 
moderately thickened, anterior femora spined beneath. 



2822. Maiisa ceromatica, Hist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. \, p. 413 (1906). 
Piceous black ; posterior area of pronotum, margins and apex 




Fig. 22. Mahisa ceromatica. 

of clavus, lateral margins of corium, rostrum, basal margin of 
prosternum, lateral margins of meso- and metasterna, cox*, and 



NAYARRUS. 47 

abdomen beneath, pale testaceous ; membrane pitchy-brown 
with the basal margins broadly ochraceous ; femora piceous, their 
bases, and the tibiae and tarsi ochraceous ; antennae with the first 
and third joints piceous, second brown with its apex piceous, 
fourth stramineous with its apical half brown ; pronotum, except 
the anterior area, and the scutellum sparsely finely punctate, 
clavus and corium more densely punctate, but the last with the 
lateral margins almost impunctate. 

Far. Corium dull ochraceous, with a large subtriangular 
piceous patch on apical area. 

Length 6 to 8 millim. 

ffab. Ceylon ; Wellawaya (Green). 



Genus NAVARRUS. 
Navarrus, Dist. A.M.N. H. (7) viii,p. 476 (1901). 

Type, N. phceophilus, Walk. 

Distribution. Recorded from Ceylon to Celebes. 

Body ovate, depressed ; head porrect, about half as long as the 
pronotum, inserted to the posterior margins of the eyes ; ocelli 
at base, very near the eyes ; rostrum about reaching or very 
slightly passing the anterior coxae, first joint short, reaching or 




Fig. 23. Navarrus phaophilus. 

slightly passing eyes ; antennae with the first joint stoutest, 
slightly passing apex of head, third joint shortest, second and 
fourth subequal in length, fourth distinctly hirsute ; pronotum 
narrowing from base to head, transversely impressed near middle, 
the lateral margins sinuate with their edges distinctly produced, 
posterior margin truncate, anterior margin slightly concave ; 



48 APPENDIX. LYG^IDJS. 

scutellum triangular, foveately depressed near base ; corium with 
the lateral margins a little rounded ; membrane almost reaching 
the abdominal apex ; legs moderately short. 

2823 Navarrus phaeophilns, Walk. (Rhyparochromus) Cat. Het. v, 
p. 106 (1872); Dist. (Navarrus) A.M.N.H. (7) viii, p. 476 
(1901). 

Piceous ; lateral margins and humeral angles of pronotum, 
lateral margins of corium (not extending to apex), and a large 
curved spot at base of membrane, ochraceous ; body beneath 
piceous ; antennae, rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; basal joint of 
antenna? and apices of second and third joints black ; sternal 
margins and femora more or less castaneous ; head aud anterior 
margin of pronotum thickly, somewhat coarsely punctate, posterior 
pronotal lobe more wrinkled and a little more sparsely and finely 
punctate ; scutellum and corium thickly punctate ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hal. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). Celebes (Brit. Mus.). 

Division MYODOOHARIA. (Vol. II, p. 47.) 

Genus NOTOCHILASTER. 
(To follow Udalricus, Vol. II, p. 49.) 
Notochilaster, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 211. 

Type, N. teres, Bredd. 

Distribution. The genus is founded on a Ceylonese species. 

" Body without lustre, upperside bare, underside quite shortly 
dusky hairy ; head as in Notochilus, triangularly produced with 
a narrow far projecting clypeus, shortly and strongly narrowed 
behind the eyes which are hardly of medium size, the part of the 
head between eyes and antennal furrows parallel-sided, rather 
shorter than the longitudinal diameter of the eye ; the small 
ocelli about two and half times as wide apart as from eye ; throat 
horizontal ; rostrum passing the hind coxae, first joint reaching 
base of head ; pronotum narrowly trapezoidal, a little shorter 
than its width between the shoulders, strongly constricted just 
behind the middle, the hinder area a little elevated backward, 
distinctly punctured, the slightly spherically convex front area 
is only extremely finely punctured and has a distinct neck-ring in 
front ; the angularly constricted lateral margin of the pronotum has, 
especially in its front half, a very indistinct marginal keel ; bind 
margins straightly truncated ; scutellum somewhat equilateral, with 
.a smooth central keel behind the middle ; clavus regularly punctate 



PAEOMITJS. 49 

in three rows ; the corium exhibits, besides the typical two rows 
of punctures along the claval suture, only a very regular row of 
strong punctures close to the costa, then bending inward and 
extending far beyond the middle of the corium, otherwise only 
a few obsolete punctures near the membranal division ; membrane 
basally with an obliquely transverse furrow, as if formed by a pinch ; 
veins free ; pectus distinctly punctured ; the abdominal double seg- 
ment (4+ 5) separated by an incision on the sides which is very 
strongly curved round in front, with a straight submarginal (with 
the outer margin slightly diverging) strongly impressed longitudinal 
line ; fifth segment with two small glandular spots far removed from 
the hind margin, distinguished by a bristle ; female genital 
apparatus rather small: front femora not thickened, unarmed, 
front tibiae straight, first joint of hind tarsi about one and a half 
times as long as the other two joints together; antenna? of 
ordinary length ; first joint with half its length passing head, 
second longest, two terminal joints equally long." (Breddin.} 

Breddin states that this proposed genus extremely resembles 
in structure of head and especially pronotum, as well as in its 
facies, the genus Udalricus* (vol. ii, p. 49), but is distinguished 
by the structure of the scutellum. It is therefore possibly of 
subgeneric rank to Udalricus, as Breddin was a well-known user 
of the most minute characters for the most profound divisions. 



2824. Notochilaster teres, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, 
p. 212. 

" 5 . Dull deep black ; tibia?, tarsi, and rostrum pale rusty 
yellow, fourth antennal joint whitish ; terminal border of clavus, 
claval suture, a subcostal narrow elliptical longitudinal spot 
behind the middle of corium, and about basal third of corium, 
fine pale yellow ; rows of punctures in the latter part black ; 
membrane smoky -black, a spot in inner angle, a broad stripe 
along the base, as well as two longitudinal lines on the middle 
(veins) whitish yellow." (Breddin!) 

" Length 4^ millim." 

Hob. Ceylon; Nalanda '(fide Breddin). 



Genus PAROMIUS. (Vol. II, p. 50.) 
PABOMIUS SEYCHELLESUS. (Vol. II, p. 50.) 

Add : Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy) ; Calcutta (Ind. Mus.). 
Australia ; Queensland Peak Downs (Coll. Dist.). E. Africa; 
Transvaal Waterval-onder (Ross, Coll. Dist.). 



* The type of Udalricus was from Burma, while Breddin describes this genus 
from Ceylon. 

VOL. V. E 



50 APPENDIX. LTGJSID^E. 

PABOMIUS EXIGUTJS. (Vol. II, p. 51.) 
Paromius robustior, Bredd. Deutsch, ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 204. 

This species varies in coloration as do others in Paromius and 
Pamera. In typical forms the body beneath is uniformly 
piceous, in others the ventral surface of the abdomen is largely 
brownish-ochraceous, the same remark applies to the colour of 
the femora. 

Add : Hob. Calcutta and Manipur (Ind. Mus.) ; Bengal ; Pusa 
(Lefroy). 

Genus PAMERA. (Vol. II, p. 51.) 
PAMEBA YINCTA. (Vol. II, p. 52.) 

Orthcea periplanios, Kirk. Canad. Entomol. xxxix, p. 246 (1907). 
Orthcea pacifica, Kirk, (nee St&l) Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, 
1907, p. 776. 

Kirkaldy (Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1907, p. 121) disputed the cor- 
rectness of my wide distribution for this species. He was, 
however, unfamiliar with the species, for Bergroth (to whom he 
sent examples of his identifications) informs me by letter that both 
joervplanios, Kirk., and that erroneously referred to by him as 
pacifica, StSl, are undoubtedly synonyms of vincta, Say. We 
may therefore now add the additional localities of Fiji, Hawaii, 
and Queensland. (Kirkaldy subsequently admitted the above 
synonymy : Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, xxxiii, p. 357 (1908)). 

PAMERA NIETNEBI. (Vol. II, p. 53.) 

Var. Apical joint of antennae with about the basal half luteous. 
Add :Hab. Calcutta. Orissa ; Gopkuda Island, Lake Chilka. 
Tenasserim ; base of Dawna Hills (2nd. Mus.). 

2825. Pamera emersoni, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 491 (1909). 

Head and anterior lobe of pronotum black, posterior pronotal 
lobe more purplish-black, with an ochraceous submarginal line 
near each lateral angle ; scutellum black ; corium ochraceous with 
dark punctures, inner margin and apex of clavus, inner marginal 
area and apical margin of corium black ; membrane fuscous- 
brown, with curved longitudinal whitish lines ; body beneath, 
legs, and rostrum black ; second joint of rostrum, apices of 
anterior femora, apical halves of intermediate femora, and 
anterior and intermediate tibiae and tarsi, ochraceous, the latter 
infuscate at apices (posterior legs mutilated in typical specimen) ; 
antennae black, the apical joint with its basal half stramineous, 
first joint slightly passing apex of head, second and fourth 



PAMEBA. 51 



joints subequal in length, each a little longer than third ; pro- 
notal collar broad, anterior pronotal lobe about one and a half 
times as long as posterior lobe and very distinctly narrower ; 
corium with the dark punctures in longitudinal series ; anterior 




Fig. 24. Pamera emersoni. 

femora finely but prominently spined beneath ; rostrum reaching 
the anterior coxae. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ( Vienna Museum). 

In this enumeration to be placed after P. pallicornis (vol. ii, 
p. 52). 

2826. Pamera mimula, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 206. 

" Allied to P. malaya, StSl. Brachypterous ; black almost 
lustreless ; head large, and with the scarcely medium-sized eyes 
broader than the pronotum at the shoulders, behind the eyes 
suddenly and strongly narrowed; upperside with very fine and 
close wrinkling, producing a silky sheen, underside of head dis- 
tinctly convex longitudinally ; rostrum slightly passing middle of 
mesosternum, first joint short, scarcely reaching posterior margins 
of eyes, second, third, and fourth joints subequal in length ; 
pronotum (proper) spherically arched above (projecting over the 
process when seen from the side), not or only imperceptibly 
narrower than the process in the shoulder-region, and (including 
the collar) about twice as long ; the (transverse) rather broad 
neck is divided off by a sunken line of punctures, and finely but 
rather distinctly transversely punctate ; the diffusely punctured 
' processus pronoti ' rises slightly behind and has rounded shoulder 
angles not laterally passing thetegmina ; scutellum punctate, with 
a V-shaped impunctate elevation on the disk, extreme tip, like 

2 



52 APPENDIX. 

two roundish suffused spots on the hind margin of the ' processus 
pronoti,' dull rusty yellow ; tegmina white, shortened, with 
the tip of their obliquely rounded black membrane almost 
reaching the fifth abdominal segment, costal margin before 
middle flatly bent ; clavus strongly punctate, the punctures 
mostly arranged in three series ; corium along claval suture with 
two rows of stronger punctures, otherwise smooth and impunctate, 
with the exception of a longitudinal row which, closely following 
the costa, gradually bends away inwardly and just behind middle 
of corium (within the black transverse band) dissolves into a 
small group of punctures ; the clavus, as well as an approximating 
stripe on corium, a transverse band running from inner angle 
to costa, which is broad and irregular and interrupted by some 
pale spots, as well as broad terminal border of corium which is 
strongly narrowed inwardly, deep black ; the sharply pointed angles 
of the metasternum, a lateral stripe on the abdomen before middle, 
and basal third of middle and hind femora, whitish ; the terminal 
border of front and middle femora, middle tibias, tarsi, as well 
as antennae, dull rusty yellow ; apex of third joint of antenna 
brownish, first joint about one and one-third times as long as 
eye, second a little longer than third, fourth longest ; anterior 
coxse armed with a fine spine directed backward." (Breddin.) 

" Length 5 millim." 

Sal. Ceylon ; Mihintale (fide Breddin), Heneratgoda (Green}. 

If I have rightly understood this species, it is to be recognised 
by the large anterior lobe of the pronotum. 

2827. Pamera sinhalana, Kirk. (Orthcea) Ann. Soc. Ent. Eelg. 1908, 
p. 1.1. 

" <J . Apparently close to punctulata, Motsch., but the head, 
pronotum and scutellum are unicolorous, brownish piceous, the 
anterior lobe of the pronotum having a lateral obscure 
brownish yellow spot or blotch, and the posterior margin 
of the pronotum having a feeble speck on each side ; 
antennae and labium [rostrum] sordid ochreous, fourth seg- 
ment [joint] of the former fuscous ; tegmina whitish, very 
closely punctured with dark brown, except extero-laterally ; 
apical angle dark brown ; membrane smoky, veins &c. whitish 
legs yellowish testaceous, femora annulated broadly with blackish ' 
underside blackish ; rostrum reaching midway between fore and 
middle coxse, first segment not reaching to the base of the head ; 
fore femora somewhat incrassate, with two elongate spines' 
beneath ; fore tibias curved, with a long curved spine near the 
apex." (Kirkaldy.) 

" Length 5| millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Galle (fide Kirl-aldy). 

This description provides an enigma. The general description 
seems to represent P. punctulata, Motsch. (vol. ii, p. 54)f but 
the character given of the fore tibiae " curved, with a long curved 
spine near the apex " seems to remove the species from the ^enus 
Pamera and locate it with or near Fontejanus, Bredd. 



PAMEEANA.. 



53 



Genus PAMERANA. 
(To follow Pamera, Vol. II, p. 51.) 

Pamerana, Did. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 331 (1909). 

Type, P. cuneata, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Head shorter than pronotum, but longer than the anterior 
lobe, ocelli near base and nearer to eyes than to each other, 
nntenniferous tubercles prominent and outwardly produced in 
a short spinous tubercle, the apex of the central lobe distinctly 
produced ; antennae with the first joint shorter than head, 
second joint slightly longest, third and fourth subequal in 
length ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, first joint not 
reaching base of head ; pronotuin with a narrow anterior collar, 
the anterior lobe subglobose and about as long as posterior lobe ; 
scutellum about as long as broad ; clavus and costal area of 
pronotum coarsely thickly punctate, the corium inwardly more 
finely punctate ; membrane slightly passing the abdominal apex ; 
anterior femora thickened, distinctly spiued beneath, anterior 
tibiae a little dilated at apex, all the tibiae about as long as the 
femora, posterior tarsi with the basal joint much longer than 
the remaining joints together. 

The spinously produced antenniferous tubercles are a prominent 
character in this genus, which is allied to Pamera. 

2828. Pamerana cuneata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 332 (1909). 
Head, pronotum, scutellum, clavus, and corium dull black, 




Fig. 25. Pamerana cuneata. 
head more shining black ; anterior pronotal collar (interrupted 



54 APPENDIX. LYGJEID2B. 

at middle), two central longitudinal spots on posterior pronotal 
lobe, margins of clavus, subclaval veins, and a spot near inner 
posterior angle of corium pale castaneous brown; membrane 
fuscous brown, with the veins dull ochraceous ; antennae black, 
apical joint with a broad pale ochraceous annulation ; body 
beneath black, rostrum and legs pale ochraceous ; femora, tibiae, 
and tarsi slightly piceous towards apices ; pronotum thickly 
finely punctate; scutellum sparingly punctate, more distinctly 
so on lateral margins. Other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 

Genus EUCOSMETUS. (Vol. II, p. 55.) 
2829. Eucosmetus mimicus, Dist. A. M. N.H. (8); iii, p. 332 (1909). 

$ . Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath shining 
black ; antennae stramineous, the apical joint (excluding base) 
piceous ; rostrum stramineous, the basal joint black ; legs stra- 
mineous, anterior femora (excluding apices) black, intermediate 
femora (excluding base) castaneous, posterior femora (excluding 




Fig. 26. Eucosmetus mimicus. 

base) piceous; corium greyish white, a longitudinal streak to 
clavus, a streak near basal costal margin, and a broad central 
transverse fascia crossing apex of clavus cinnamon-brown; in 
this fascia beyond claval aoex is a small white spot in each 



MARAMALDUS. 55 

coriuin, and a black transverse spot near apical angle ; membrane 
black, narrowly white at basal outer angles, and with a white 
spot at apex ; antennae with the first joint reaching apex of 
head, second and third longest and subequal in length ; posterior 
lobe of pronotum coarsely punctate ; clavus longitudinally 
punctate, the transverse fascia to corium somewhat coarsely 
punctate ; membrane very slightly passing abdominal apex j 
anterior tibiae (?) not spined. 

Length 5 milliin. 

Hab. Pegu (Coll. Dist.} 

This species, apart from the generic character of the eyes, 
possesses a simulative appearance to Caridops yibba, Bergr. (vol. ii, 
p. 57;. 

Genus MARAMALDUS. 

(To follow Eucosmetus, Vol. II, p. 55.) 
Maramaldus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 333 (1909). 

Type, M. admistus, Dist. 

Distribution. N.W. India. 

Head long, broad and convex, constricted behind the eyes, the 
central lobe distinctly prominent at apex ; antennae with the first 
joint distinctly passing apex of head, second and third joints 
subequal in length, each longer than fourth ; rostrum slightly 
passing the anterior coxae, first joint not nearly reaching base of 
head ; pronotum with the anterior lobe (including collar) more 
than twice as long as posterior lobe, with a distinct broad anterior 
collar, convex, narrowed anteriorly and posteriorly, smooth and 
shining, the collar coarsely punctate, posterior lobe coarsely 
punctate (except near its anterior margin), its lateral angles 
distinctly acutely spined ; scutellum slightly longer than broad, 
coarsely punctate ; abdomen moderately concavely constricted on 
basal half, its apex truncate ; anterior femora strongly incrassate, 
strongly constricted at base and moderately narrowed at apex, 
spined beneath ; tibiae curved, not spined in $ ( tf unknown) ; 
hemelytra not reaching apex of abdomen. 

Allied to Eucosmetus, but first joint of antennae distinctly passing 
apex of head, anterior lobe of pronotum longer and with a broad 
anterior collar, hemelytra not reaching apex of abdomen, &c. 

2830. Maramaldus admistus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 333 
(1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath shining black ; 
anterior collar and posterior lobe more opaque and strongly punc- 
tate ; antennae stramineous, finely pilose, apical joint (excluding 
base) piceous ; rostrum ochraceous, the basal joint piceous ; legs 
stramineous, anterior femora (excluding apices) shining black, 
anterior and intermediate femora with their apical areas piceous ; 
connexivum spotted with stramineous ; corium castaneous brown, 



APPENDIX. 




Fig. 27. Maramaldus admistus. 




Fig. 28. Fontejanus wasmanni. 



BEDUNIA. 57 

spotted with white, the principal spots being an elongate one on 
both costal and claval margins, the largest near apical angle, and a 
small rounded spot near claval apex, clavus and anterior half of 
costal margin with longitudinal series of punctures, a transverse 
series of punctures before membraual division, which is distinctly 
paler ; membrane piceous, with a white spot at apex ; other 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length, $ , 6 millim. 

Hob. N.W. India ; Kumaon. 



FONTEJANUS WASMANNI. (Vol. II, p. 58.) 

Since Breddin described this genus and species in the ' Societas 
Entomologica ' he has again redescribed both in the Ann. Soc. 
Ent. Belg. xlviii, pp. 410 and 411, and has given an outline figure 
of the species. Subsequently, by the kindness of Father Assmuth, 
who procured me the loan of the type from Father Wasmann, I 
am enabled to give an adequate figure of the species. 



ies unknown to Writer. 



2831. Bedunia taprobanes, Kirk. Canad. Ent. xxxix, p. 331 (1907). 

" Blackish ; ocelli red ; antennae blackish fuscous, second segment 
(except the apex) pale fuscous ; basal half of fourth (except base) 
white ; rostrum yellowish testaceous ; lateral margins of hind lobe 
of pronotum yellowish fuscous, collar very short, ferruginous ; two 
ferruginous spots on the middle of the scutellum ; tegmina 
brownish yellow, clavus and basal half of corium largely fusco- 
ferruginous, with blackish brown punctures, apical half of corium 
dark fuscous brown, a large pale yellow spot subapically ; mem- 
brane dark fuliginous, marked slightly with yellow ; fore femora, 
apex of middle femora, apical third of hind femora, apices of tibiae 
fusro-piceous, rest yellowish ; labiuin [rostrum] reaching the 
middle coxae, first segment not nearly reaching the base of the head, 
but about the hind margin of the eyes ; clavus rather irregularly 
punctured in four rows ; fore coxae strongly spined. 1 ' (Kirkaldy .) 

" Length 7^ millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Pundaluoya (fide Kirkaldy). 

Stated to be described from a mutilated specimen without 
abdomen ; and placed in the genus Bedunia, Stal, by its describer, 
but in the absence of structural characters in the diagnosis it is 
here treated as of doubtful generic position. 



58 APPENDIX. 



Genus AGUNGA. 

(To follow Appolonius, Vol. II, p. 62.) 
Agunga, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1, p. 413 (1906). 

Type, A. cr asset, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head short, much broader than long, as broad as anterior 
margin of pronotum, narrowed anteriorly where the central lobe 
slightly projects ; eyes recurved, projecting beyond the anterior 
margins of the pronotum ; antennae inserted at some distance from 
eyes, robust, first joint slightly passing apex of head, second 
clavate towards apex, third more strongly so, fourth clavate, pyri- 
form ; rostrum just passing the anterior coxae, first joint extending 
a little beyond base of head; pronotum subquadrate, anterior lobe 
longer than posterior, divided by a deep transverse incision, the 
lateral margins a little concavely sinuate, anterior margin truncate, 
posterior margin a little rounded ; scutellum subtriangular, the 
basal area moderately gibbous ; lateral margins of the corium 
parallel ; anterior femora thickened, anterior tibiae with a short 
spine at apex. 

Allied to Appolonius, Dist. 

2832. Agunga crassa, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1, p. 413 (1906). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black, pronotum with a lateral 
stramineous spot at each extremity of the transverse incision ; 
corium. very pale ochraceous, darkly punctate, two elongate black 




Fig. 29. Agunga crassa. 

spots on each lateral margin at and beyond middle, and with a 
large greyish-white spot at each interior angle ; membrane fuli- 
ginous with the veins black ; body beneath black, legs ochraceous, 
anterior femora (excluding apices) castaneous ; antennas with the 
basal -joint stramineous, second stramineous with its apical half 
castaneous, third and fourth piceous, second, third, and fourth 



ENTISBEEUS. 59 

subequal in length ; head, pronotum, and scutellum thickly and 
finely punctate. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hub. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



2833. Agnnga fulgida, List. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 334 (1909). 

Head and anterior lobe of pronotum shining black, posterior 
pronotal lobe brownish ochraceous, thickly darkly punctate, 
the lateral margins (narrower on anterior lobe) stramineous, the 
posterior lateral angular margins black ; scutellum black ; coriuin 
pale ochraceous, with two short, black, costal, marginal lines (one 
near middle, the other on apical area), clavus and posterior disk 
blackly punctate, an obscure greyish white spot at each interior 
angle ; membrane yellowish white, with the veins darker ; body 
beneath black, lateral margins of sternum ochraceous, but 
anteriorly and posteriorly castaneous ; legs ochraceous, anterior 
femora (excluding apices) and a subapical annulation to inter- 
mediate and posterior femora black orpiceous ; antennae with the 
first and second joints stramineous, base of second joint black, 
third black, fourth ochraceous, with its base black, second, third, 
and fourth subequal in length ; head and anterior lobe of prono- 
tum thickly finely punctate, the latter strongly convexly raised 
and anteriorly deflexed, posterior pronotal lobe more sparingly 
and coarsely punctate ; scutellum coarsely punctate. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hab. Calcutta. 

Differing principally from A. crassa, Dist., by the shining head 
and pronotum, which is opaque in crassa ; anterior pronotal lobe 
more gibbous and only slightly longer than posterior lobe ; in crassa 
the pronotum is wholly black, \n fulgida only the anterior lobe is 
black, head more vertically depressed, &c. 



Genus ENTISBERUS. (Vol. II, p. 66.) 



2834. Entisberus? subsericea,5re^. (Pamera (Entisberus)) 
ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 205. 

" $ . Very near to E. archetypus, Dist. Head rather long and 
slender, pointed ; pronotum in front with a narrow neck-ring, the 
shoulder angles as in Pamera (not projecting angularly outwards), 
shoulder humps slightly tuberculate, convex, the moderately 
strongly marked transverse constriction lies just behind the middle, 



* Breddin has stated that Entisberus = Pamera. With the figures and 
descriptions I have given of these genera this pronouncement may probably be 
ignored. 



60 APPENDIX. LYG^EIB^E. 

the punctuation of the 'processus pronoti' is, when present at all, 
hidden by the short silky shining hair with which the pronotum, 
head, and scutellum are covered ; scutellum behind the middle with 
a sharp median keel, not forked at the front end ; tegmina not 
extending beyond the abdominal apex ; membranal suture recti- 
linear ; anterior femora (which are all that are left on the 
specimen before me) with a distinct spine on the underside near 
the apex; second joint of antennae nearly twice as long as first, 
third longer than first and shorter than the long spindle-shaped 
fourth ; pectus and venter with short thick silky hair ; colouring 
and pattern as in E. archetypus ; ' processus pronoti ' dirty rust- 
brown, the shoulder swellings outside pitchy brownish ; scutellum 
towards apex pitchy brown, keel rather paler, extreme apex 
whitish; marginal area of corium whitish, outermost tip and a 
narrow interruption blackish ; antennae dirty rusty yellow, first 
joint, extreme base of second, and the fourth joint pitchy black ; 
anterior legs \vhitish yellow, terminal half of femora (except the 
outermost terminal border) and base of tibiae pitchy black." 
(Breddin.} 

" Length 3| millim." 

Hal. Ceylon ; Anuradhapura (fide Breddin). 

This species, which appears from the above description to 
have been described from a single mutilated specimen, is here 
included pending its ultimate identification. Its generic position 
is doubtful, and has been made more obscure by its describer's 
opinion of the position of the genus which he has confused with 
Pamera. 



Genus LEMNIUS. (Vol. II, p. 66.) 
LEMNIUS OVATUS, Dist. (Vol. II, p. 67.) 
Lemnius inornatus, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 210. 

There can be little doubt that Breddin has simply redescribed 
L. ovatus. My genus and species was unfortunately and una- 
voidably founded on a carded specimen, and therefore "it is a point 
of satisfaction that my Prussian colleague had been able to figure 
the underside of the abdomen. The principal difference in the 
two descriptions relates to the membrane and is explainable. 
Breddin describes it as " vitreous hyaline " which is correct if it 
be separated from the body ; I describe it as " dark violaceous, its 
apical margin pale hyaline," which is as it appears reflecting the 
dark dorsum beneath. 

My type was collected by Mr. G. Lewis and simply labelled 
* Ceylon ' : Breddin's type is from Kandy. It is apparently a 
scarce species, for it is contained in none of the large collections 
sent me from time to time by Mr. E. E. Green. 



POTAMI^NA. 61 

Genus POTAMIJENA, nov. 

Type, P. aurifera, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Bengal. 

Body oblong, smooth, not pilose ; head triangular, central lobe 
projecting in front, with eyes about equal in breadth to anterior 
margin of pronotum ; ocelli placed close to base of head, nearer to 
eves than to each other ; antennao somewhat long and robust, first 
joint shortest and passing apex of head, second joint longest, a 
little longer than third, third and fourth subequal in length ; 
rostrum extending to posterior coxae, first joint about as long as 
head, second and third joints subequal in length ; pronotum 
distinctly longer than half the width at base which is twice the 
breadth of head including eyes, anteriorly slightly roundly 
narrowed, transversely impressed behind middle, before this 
impression moderately convex, behind the impression coarsely 

Eunctate, oblique, and centrally longitudinally impressed, the 
iteral margins laminate and suberect ; scutellum about as long as 
broad, foveately impressed, this impression ridged on each side, 
the ridges posteriorly united and extending to apex ; corium 
laterally suberectly laminate, a little sinuate before middle and a 
little roundly ampliate before apex, apical margin obliquely 
straight ; clavus coarsely longitudinally punctate ; membrane 
reaching abdominal apex, veins simple ; anterior femora incras- 
sate, narrowed to apices, a distinct spine on lower surface beyond 
middle between which and apex is a series of short strong spin- 
ules, posterior tibiae shortly sparingly hirsute ; abdominal segments 
as in Lachnophorus (vol. ii, p. 68), to which Potamicma is allied. 

2835. Potamisena aurifera, sp. n. 

Black, shining ; basal half of fourth joint of antennae, a lateral 




Fig. 30. Potamiana aurifera. 
spot on each side of pronotum a little behind middle, three lateral 



62 APPENDIX. 

spots to corium the first and largest before middle, the second 
behind middle, and the third at apex golden-yellow ; abdomen 
beneath testaceous ; rostrum brownish, the basal joint piceous ; 
head punctate ; pronotum with the anterior lobe finely, obscurely 
punctate, the anterior and lateral areas coarsely punctate, poste- 
rior lobe coarsely punctate ; corium (excepting the pale spots) 
thickly coarsely punctate ; head beneath and sternum sparingly, 
finely punctate ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hab. W. Bengal ; Paresnath, 4300-4400 ft. (Annandale}. 

Genus TROPISTETHUS. (Vol. II, p. 70.) 

2836. Tropistethus simulans, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. 1, p. 414 
(1906). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath, black ; posterior 
angles of pronotum, corium, apex of scutellum, and legs pale 
ochraceous ; a large subtriangular spot on apical area of corium 
black ; basal two-thirds of anterior femora and extreme bases of 
intermediate and posterior femora castaneous ; antennae finely 
pilose with the basal joint castaneous, second and third joints 
piceous, fourth joint pale ochraceous, first and fourth joints sub- 
equal in length and slightly longer than either second or third 
joints which are also subequal ; clavus and corium somewhat 
thickly and coarsely punctate, and palely pilose ; membrane hyaline 
with prismatic reflections; rostrum reaching the intei-mediate 
coxae ; intermediate and posterior tibiae longly hirsute. 

Length 2^ millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 

In colour markings closely resembling T. antennatus, Scott, from 
Japan, but it is a less elongate species, with the second joint of 
antennae not longer but subequal to third, &c. 



Genus CLIGENES. (Vol. II, p. 72.) 
Botocudo, Kirk. Entomologist, 1904, p. 280. 
Microcoris, Bergr. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1908, p. 589. 

2837. Cligenes sexnotatus, Bergr. (Microcoris) Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 
1908, p. 590. 

"Shining, black; glabrous except on the abdomen beneath, 
which is clothed with fine adpressed white pilosity ; above 
densely punctate, punctures of the hemelytra fuscous, beneath 
somewhat smooth ; first joint of the antennae, rostrum, posterior 
margin of the metapleura, genital segment (of tf) and the 
legs obscure testaceous ; femora somewhat infuscate ; apex of 
the scutellum, clavus and indeed the corium whitish, the latter 
with a small spot near middle of costal margin, a speck near 
the interior apical angle, and the exterior apical angle, fuscous 



DINIELLA. TEUTATES. 63 

black ; membrane hyaline ; first joint of the antennae a little shorter 
than the first joint of the rostrum, second joint half as long again 
as the first." 

" Length rf 2-2-3 millim. ; $ 2-4-2-8 millim." 

Hob. Trichinopoli. 

Dr. Schoutedeu has kindly shown me two specimens of this 
species, and Dr. Montandon has also sent me another specimen. 



Genus DINIELLA. (Vol. II, p. 73.) 
2838. Diniella bengalensis, Dist. A.M.N.H. (8) iii, p. 334 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum shining black ; pronotuin with 
the basal margin (very narrowly) and the posterior lateral angles 
ochraceous ; antennae and coriuiu ochraceous, the latter with a 
transverse castaneous fascia crossing from costa to inner angle, 
and then broadly continued on inner half of apical margin ; 
membrane pale hyaline ; body beneath black ; legs and rostrum 
ochraceous ; antennas robust, first joint shorter than second, second 
and third subequal in length, each a little shorter than fourth; 
head sparsely finely punctate ; pronotum more coarsely punctate, 
with indications of an obscure transverse impression ; clavus finely 
sparingly longitudinally punctate, coriura at claval suture with 
two longitudinal rows of coarse punctures, disk of corium more 
sparingly and irregularly punctate ; first joint of rostrum thickened 
and passing base of head. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Bengal. 

Allied to D. nitida, Reut., from Madagascar and the Seychelles. 



Genus TEUTATES. 
(To follow Arrianus, Vol. II, p. 74.) 
Teutates, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 335 (1909). 

Type, T. sculpturatus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Calcutta. 

Head about as long as breadth between the outer expanse of 
eyes, broadly obtusely produced before insertion of antennae, the 
margins of the central lobe prominent ; eyes not quite reaching the 
anterior angles of the pronotum ; antennae with the first joint not 
reaching apex of head, second joint about one and a half times the 
length of the first (remaining joints mutilated in type) ; rostrum 
reaching the apex of the anterior coxae, first joint not extending 
to base of head, second and third joints subequal in length ; 
pronotum a little more than half as long as breadth at base, the 



64 APPENDIX. LYGJ2ID.E. 

lateral margins rounded anteriorly and narrowly dilated, anterior 
area with two small central tubercles, four longitudinal carinate 
lines, of which the central two are less developed and do not reach 
the base, posterior margin truncate, the anterior margin very 
slightly sinuate ; scutellum a little shorter than broad at base, the 
lateral margins slightly sinuate, the disk foveate and punctate ; 
margins of the corium slightly rounded ; membrane not passing 
the apex of the abdomen, the veins simple ; legs of moderate 
length ; anterior femora not spined beneath. 
I place this genus near Arrianus, Dist. 



2839. Teutates sculpturatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 335 
(1909). 

Above dull ochraceous, eyes and margins of the central lobe to 
head piceous ; pronotal tubercles brownish-ochraceous ; body 
beneath paler than above, the anterior acetabula darkly margined, 




Fig. 31. Teutates sculpturatus. 

a broad castaneous longitudinal fascia on each lateral abdominal 
area ; pronotum thickly and more darkly punctate, the lateral 
margins paler and almost impunctate ; scutellum darkly coarsely 
punctate, the margins of the foveate area raised and almost 
impuuctate ; corium semihyaline, coarsely punctate, the clavus 
longitudinally punctate ; sternum punctate. Other characters as 
in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 



ADAUCTUS. 65 



Genus ADAUCTUS. 
Adauctus, Dist. A.M.N. H. (8) iii, p. 492 (1909). 

Type, A. cupreus, Dist. 

Distribution. Founded on a species from Bengal. 

Subovate ; head about as long as broad, subtriangular, obliquely 
narrowed anteriorly, the central lobe prominent ; ocelli near base 
and close to eyes ; antennae with the basal joint slightly passing 
apex of head, second joint slightly longest ; rostrum reaching the 
intermediate coxae, basal joint not reaching base of head, second 
joint extending to anterior coxae; pronotum not transversely 
constricted, the lateral margins strongly carinate, and anteriorly 
moderately rounded and narrowed, posterior margin truncate ; 
scutellum a little longer than broad, the lateral margins obliquely 
straight ; corium apically strongly broadened, the apical margin 
wide, obliquely straight, claval ridges prominent ; membrane 
slightly passing abdominal apex (veins to both corium and 
membrane are shown in figure) ; anterior femora thickened, 
finely spined beneath, tibiae somewhat longly spinulose ; sternum 
coarsely punctate, the prosternum more finely punctate. 

In the enumeration of the Oriental Lygseidse to be placed near 
Cligenes and Diniella (vol. ii, pp. 72 & 73). 



2840. Adauctus cupreus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 492 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale cupreous ; lateral margins 
of the pronotum (not extending to the lateral angles) pale 
ochraceous ; corium stramineous ; two small spots in clavus, three 




Fig. 32. Adauctus cupreus. 

on outer margin of claval suture, one beyond middle of costal 
margin, a large transverse spot at apical angle, and a linear spot 
VOL. v. r 



66 APPENDIX. LYGMEIDJE. 

near middle of apical margin, fuscous brown ; membrane hyaline 
with the veins pale brownish ; antennae, rostrum, body beneath, 
arid legs pale cupreous ; antennae with the second joint longer 
than either third or fourth, which are subequal in length and a 
little darker in hue than first and second, fourth pale at base ; 
pronotum with rather more than basal half thickly punctate, Avith 
an anterior broad smooth cicatrice not reaching the anterior 
margin ; scutellum punctate, the disk (so far as can be seen in 
typical specimen) less punctate ; corium sparingly punctate, the 
scutellum longitudinally punctate. 

Length 4| mm. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). 



Genus KANIGARA. 
Kanigara, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1, p. 414 (1906). 

Type, K.flavomarginata, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head short, triangular, about half the length of pronotum, 
including eyes as broad as anterior margin of pronotura, with a 
slight rugosity at inner margin of each eye, ocelli at base and very 
close to eyes ; antennae with the basal joint hirsute and longly 
passing apex of head, second joint a little longer than third ; 
rostrum passing the anterior coxae, first joint not reaching base ot 
head ; pronotum broad, subquadrate, depressed anteriorly, basal 
margin concavely rounded, lateral margins subampliate ; scutellum 
about as long as head and pronotum together, a little depressed 
or f oveate on disk, subtriangular ; corium with the lateral 
margins subparallel ; femora moderately thickened, tibiae strongly, 
femora more sparsely hirsute, tarsi with the basal joint very 
long. 

Allied to Aphanus (vol. ii, p. 79). 



2841. Zanigara flavomarginata, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1. p. 415 
(1906). 

Head and pronotum dark castaneous, the latter with the lateral 
margins broadly ochraceous ; scutellum black ; corium silvery-grey, 
its posterior lateral margins pale stramineous, its apical angle 
piceous, clavus ochraceous ; membrane grey, subhyaline, the 
lateral margins pale hyaline ; sternum black ; abdomen beneath 
dark testaceous ; legs and rostrum ochraceous ; antennae ochraceous, 
basal joint hirsute, second joint slightly longer than third ; head 
with a few scattered punctures ; pronotum and scutellum thickly 
finely obscurely punctate; corium excluding lateral margins, 



APHANUS. 67 



sparsely rather coarsely punctate, clavus thickly longitudinally 
punctate ; tibiae longly, femora sparsely hirsute. 




Fig. 33. Kanigara flavo>narginata. 

Length 3| to 4 niillirn. 

Hob. Bengal; Pusa (Lefroy). Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 



Genus APHANUS. (Vol. II, p. 79.) 

2842. Aphanus kangricus, Kirk. Canad. Ent. xxxix, p. 331 (1907), 

"Apparently belongs to StSl's subgenus Xanthochilus, and 
probably allied to A, orientalis, but the transverse impression on 
the pronotum is much more distinct ; dull blackish, with brownish 
hairs ; labium [rostrum] pale piceous ; eyes reddish-brown, 
darkening outwardly ; ocelli colourless ; laminate lateral margin of 
pronotum yellowish-brown, hind area pale castaneous, punctured 
with blackish ; scutellurn apically fading a little, punctured with 
black ; ambulacra, trochanters, bases of femora, first two segments 
of tarsi, hind margin of metasternum, etc., pale castaneous, rest 
of legs more or less piceous; tegmina testaceous, subhyaline, 
with brown punctures ; about the apical half brown-fuscous, with 
a large subtriangular pale yellow spot on the outer half of the 
middle ; basal half of membrane smoky, except one pale undulating 
vein and two spots ; apical margin irregularly and faintly smoky. 
l\>rm apparently that of A. orientalis, but the pronotum is impressed 
transversely basad of the middle, the lateral margins of the 
pronotum laminately keeled ; antennae as in A. orientalis ; labium 
[rostrum] reaching a little beyond the middle of the mesosternum ; 
clavus with three rows of punctures ; fore femora more strongly 
incrassate than in A. orientalis, and have two strong submedian 
spines and a few feeble ones ; tarsi dilated at the apex ; hind 
femora not dentate." (Kirkaldy.) 

" Length 8 millim." 



APPENDIX. 



Hal. " Kangra Valley, 4,500 feet (June, G. C. Dudgeon)," (fide 
KirTcaldy\ 

I cannot identify this species from the above description with 
any specimens received from the same locality. 

2843. Aphanus dudgeoni, Dut. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 336 (1909). 

Head pale dull castaneous, with irregular black lines ; antennae 
ochraceous basal joint much mottled with black, apices of second 
and third joints' and fourth joint (excluding base) piceous; 
pronotum ochraceous, thickly brownly punctate, the disk of the 
anterior area and the lateral margins much more sparsely punctate ; 
scutellum ochraceous, thickly brownly punctate, the extreme apex 
pale ochraceous ; corium brownish, thickly punctate, the lateral 
margins ochraceous, sparsely blackly punctate, the apical angle and 




Fig. 34. Aphanus dudgeoni. 

a spot before it blackish, some obscure basal suffusions and two- 
small spots about middle of apical area, pale ochraceous ; membrane 
brownish ochraceous, with darker mottlings, the basal area black 
traversed by the paler veins, a small pale ochraceous spot behind 
apical angle of corium ; head beneath, rostrum, sternum, and legs 
ochraceous, apices of tibiae piceous, all (excluding head) darkly punc- 
tate, central areas of meso- and metasterna black; abdomen beneath 
somewhat testaceous ; basal joint of antennae moderately thickened, 
with prominent spinous hairs, fourth joint a little longer than 
third or second; rostrum slightly passing anterior coxae ; pronotum 



strongly transversely impressed near middle, the lateral margins 
laminate, anterior femora shortly spinous beneath, but with a 
longer spine before apex ; intermediate and posterior tibia? 
prominently spinulose. 

Length 7| millini. 

Hob. Kangra Valley, 4500 feet (June, G. C. Dudgeon) ; 
Purneah District (Paiva, Ind. Mus.). 

This species was taken by the same collector at the same locality 
and at the same time of the year as the species described by 
Kirkaldy as A. Tcangricus. It cannot, however, be reconciled 
with Kirkaldy's description, from which it seems abundantly 
distinct. 



2844. Aphanus ornatulus, Dist. A. M.N.H. (8) p. 336 (1909). 

Reddish ochraceous; pronotum and scutellum thickly darkly 
punctate, lateral margins of the pronotum pale ochraceous, with 
scattered black punctures ; head piceotis brown, with a small 
central ochraceous spot at base; antennae brownish ochraceous, 
the basal joint, apices of second and third joints, and the fourth 
joint (excluding base) piceous : corium with the lateral margins 
narrowly pale ochraceous and containing a costal series of dark 
punctures, on apical area three large black spots, one on lateral 
margin before apex which is narrowly united to a similar spot 
near apex of clavus and inner angle of membrane, the third spot 
occupying apical angle of corium ; membrane black ; sternum and 
legs blackly punctate, apices of femora and tibiae narrowly blackish : 
antennae with the first joint thickest and shorter than head, 
second a little longer than the third and slightly longer than the 
fourth joint ; pronotum transversely impressed near middle, before 
which it is moderately convexly raised, clavus and corium thickly 
somewhat finely punctate ; membrane reaching apex of abdomen; 
rostrum about or almost reaching the intermediate coxae, the area 
of the sternum between the coxae black ; tarsi very pale ochraceous, 
with their apices black. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hob. Nepal Terai. 



.2845. Aphanus bengalensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 337 (1909> 

Head reddish ochraceous ; antennae brownish ochraceous, basal 
joint, apices of second and third joints, and fourth joint (excluding 
base) piceous ; pronotum ochraceous, thickly blackly punctate, the 
lateral margins paler and longitudinally coarsely blackly punctate ; 
scutellum ochraceous, darkly punctate (somewhat mutilated in 
type) ; clavus and corium pale ochraceous, thickly blackly punctate, 
the lateral margins pale and sparingly coarsely blackly punctate ; 
.a somewhat large greyish-white spot on apical margin at each 



70 



APPENDIX. LYG.EID JE . 



side of basal angle of membrane, the apical angle of corium 
piceous ; membrane pale brownish, the upper margins paler, and 
with a small but very pale spot near apical angle of corium ; 
prosternum ochraceous, blackly punctate ; meso- and metasterna 
piceous, the latter with two marginal lines and the posterior 
margin ochraceous and blackly punctate ; abdomen beneath 
piceous; legs orange-yellow, sparingly, finely, blackly punctate, 
apices of the tibiaa black; first joint of antennae thickest and 
shorter than head, second and fourth subequal in length, each a 
little longer than third joint ; prouotum transversely impressed 
near middle, before which it is slightly convex ; rostrum slightly 
passing the anterior coxae ; anterior femora shortly spined 
beneath ; membrane very slightly passing the abdominal apex. 

Length 6| millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). 

Allied to A. sparsus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 81). 

2846. Aphanus suratensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 338 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black ; lateral pronotal margins 
(not quite reaching base) ochraceous, two central spots on basal 




Fig. 35. Aphanus suratensis. 



area of pronotum reddish ochraceous ; extreme apex of scutelluna 
ochraceous ; hemelytra black ; corium with the outer claval margin, 
(more or less), the costal margin for about two-thirds from base 
with an inner elongate spot near its termination, and a large round 



DIEUCHES. 71 

spot near the apical margin ochraceous ; membrane pale fuliginous, 
aubhyaline ; body beneath black, lateral margins of sternum 
ochraceous, lateral margins of abdomen pale brownish ; rostrum 
ochraceous, the basal joint black ; legs ochraceous, anterior femora 
(excluding base), apical halves of intermediate and posterior femora, 
and extreme apices of tibise black ; second joint of antennae longer 
than third (fourth mutilated in type) ; pronotum transversely 
constricted near middle, behind the constriction thickly punctate, 
the lateral margins laminate and impunctate ; scutellum obscurely 
finely punctate ; clavus thickly coarsely punctate ; corium (ex- 
cluding costal margin) thickly punctate ; anterior femora spined 
beneath ; intermediate and posterior tibise spinulose. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hub. Bombay Prov. ; Surat. 



Genus DIEUCHES. (Vol. II, p. 82.) 
DIEUCHES UNIFOEMIS. (Vol. II, p. 84.) 

This species originally described from Ceylon has now been 
received from Nepal. 

Add: Hal. Nepal; Benikhola (Indian Mus.). 

The following species have been described by Breddin from 
Ceylon, but with all the material that has been supplied me from 
that island by Mr. E. E. Green and Mr. Bainbrigge-Fletcher, I 
have failed to recognize them. Breddin had a keen perception 
of minute differences combined with a non-acceptance of much 
variation in species and an apparent disbelief in the same species 
having a wide distribution. Our views on these points are there- 
fore very divergent. I have, however, added his descriptions and 
treated and numbered the species as distinct with a hope of one 
day being able to examine his types. One species, Dieuches sub- 
angustatus, Bredd. (Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr, 1907, p. 207) is quoted 
as from Ceylon, but I can find no description of it, which prevents 
its inclusion in this enumeration. 

2847. Dieuches nudipes, Sredd. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1906, p. 325; id. 
Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 207. 

" Resembles D. yeh, Dohrn,* and closely allied to it ; head of same 
structure ; antennae pitchy black, considerably more slender, third 
joint especially thin, not or only quite imperceptibly clubbed at 
apex, second and third joints suffused pitchy brown, the white 
ring of fourth joint a little broader than the pitchy black base ; 
pronotum of J (as in D. yeJi) scarcely less strongly constricted 

* I have included yeh, Dohrn as a synonym of D. uniquttatus, Thunb. 
(vol. ii, p. 82). 



72 APPENDIX 

far behind the middle ; female separated from male by the distinctly 
shorter pronotum proper, which is considerably broader at the 
constriction ; pronotal process with distinct bright rusty-yellow 
(before and behind black) middle keel, a similarly coloured line on 
each side of the marginal wrinkle, posterior border at middle narrow 
and with a quite suffused dull reddish border ; shape of shoulder- 
angle and colour of scutellum as in D. yeh ; colour of corium 
rather dark, the black transverse band on costal border rather 
narrow, the front and hind margins strongly obliquely truncated, 
band-spot before the angle of corium punctured with black, not 
extending so far inwards as in D. yeh, subtrapezoidal ; membrane 
of the same length and ground-colour as in D. yeh, the apical half 
darker, somewhat more sparingly sprinkled with greyish white or 
suffused yellowish atoms ; of the five veins of the membrane the 
second only has a strongly curved, narrow, otherwise little con- 
spicuous yellowish streak, the third sometimes having a small 
streak; from the typical yellow marginal spots of the abdomen 
beneath extends the long produced front one, not quite to the 
height of the front glandular spot in the fifth sternite ; anterior 
femora on the upperside with very fine, scanty and short, scarcely 
visible hairs ; colour of legs as in D. yeJi." (Breddin.) 

"Length 11 to 12 millim." 

Hab. Ceylon; Puttalam, Nalanda, Anuradhapura, Kanthaley, 
{fide Breddin). Java (fide Breddin.) 



2848. Dieuches horni, Sredd. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1906, p. 326; id. 
Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 207. 

" A narrow delicate species ; antennae slender, the third joint 
especially thin, terminally not or very indistinctly clubbed, nearly 
as long as the second joint, at least the first two joints of the 
antennae paler than in D. nudipes, suffused pitchy brown, basal 
joint sometimes rusty yellow, ring of the fourth joint honey - 
yellow, not very sharply defined, somewhat broader than the pitchy 
brown base of the joint ; pronotum very strongly constricted far 
behind the middle, especially in 3, 'pronotum proprium' in S 
distinctly longer than its width at the constriction, where it is 
scarcely broader than the head and eyes, shoulders distinctly 
angular, behind slightly concavely indented ; the pronotal process 
in and behind the middle with a rather large transverse indistinct 
dull red spot, resting on the hind margin, and the front border of 
the pronotum, sometimes also two dots on the scutellum, of 
similar reddish colour ; corium comparatively pale coloured, the 
black transverse band on costal margin rather broad, front border 
irregularly obliquely truncated, hind border rounded, the whitish 
band-spot before the corium angle strongly compressed ; the 
latter very finely and sparsely punctured with pitchy black, three- 
cornered, with very pointed inner angles ; membrane remarkably 



DIEUCHES. 73 

smaller than in D. nudipes, in both sexes not reaching the anal end 
of the body, pale yellowish brown ; a narrow line along the 
inetnbranal suture, the whole basal half of second vein, as well 
as the stripes on veins 3, 4, 5, and the typical dot on apex of 
corium, honey-yellow ; the apical half of membrane with a large 
clouded spot composed of contiguous honey-yellowish atoms ; the 
broad terminal border of the seventh abdominal tergite in J , a 
middle stripe on eighth tergite in rusty yellow ; front femora 
above with scattered, short and rather inconspicuous hairs, front and 
middle tibiae, except the darkened tips, dirty rusty yellow, middle 
femora above with a yellowish longitudinal stripe ; the teeth on 
front tibiae and middle femora in d rather small." (Breddin.} 

" Length 10^-lOf millim." 

Hab. Ceylon ; Nalanda, Putalam (fide Breddin). 

2849. Dieucb.es villosulus, Bredd. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1906, p. 327 ; id. 
Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 207. 

" Smaller and distinctly narrower than D. nudipes and yeh, but 
distinctly broader at the shoulders than D. horni ; antennae very 
darkly coloured, the third joint somewhat apically thickened, fourth 
joint with a narrow whitish annulation which is only as broad as 
the pitchy black base ; pronotum in the male with a strong con- 
striction which is nearer the middle than in D. horni, the process 
considerably broader than in D. horni between the shoulders, but 
the ' pronotum proprium ' distinctly narrower and also shorter 
than in the last-named species, about as long as its width at the 
constriction ; in the female the ' pronotum proprium ' is broader 
and shorter, a little longer than the process ; the pronotal process 
in its anterior half with transverse reddish cloud-spot, the middle 
keel on the front half yellow, shoulder angles rounded, the 
marginal pronotal keel very weak ; corium appearing rather darkly 
coloured from the denser punctuation, the black transverse band 
on the costal margin rather narrow, hind border straight, truncated, 
the front border also a little obliquely truncated, fasciate spot 
before the angles of the corium rather large, dull whitish, strongly 
blackly punctate ; membrane rather narrow, elongate, at least 
reaching the anal apex, deep fuliginous black, a moderately large 
suffused yellowish grey cloud-spot near the tip, a short longitudinal 
dash on each of the five rnembranal veins not far from the base, 
as well as a rhomboidal dot on the hind angles of the corium, 
conspicuously 'yolk-yellow ; anterior femora above with rather 
long and thick grizzly hairs ; anterior and intermediate tibia) 
unusually dark, piceous brown to piceous black." (Breddin.) 

" Length 10| to 11| millim ; breadth at base of hemelytra, c? 
2|, $ 2if millim/-' 

Hab. Ceylon ; Anuradhapura, Harrowapatam (fide Breddin). 



74 



APPENDIX. 



Genus UZZA. 

(To follow Dieuches, Vol. II, p. 82.) 
Uzza, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 338 (1909). 

Type, U. Jcarenia, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Head (including eyes) slightly wider than anterior margin 
of pronotum ; ocelli close to basal margin, almost equally removed 
from eyes as from each other ; antennae long, basal joint longer 
than first joint of rostrum ; first, second, and third joints almost 
subequal in length, each a little longer than fourth ; rostrum 
about reaching the anterior coxae, first joint about or almost 
reaching base of head ; pronotum as long as broad at base, trans- 
versely constricted a little behind middle, before which it is 
subglobose, the lateral margins moderately ampliate, the basal 




Fig. 36. Uzza Jcarenia. 

margin concavely sinuate ; scutellum longer than broad ; lateral 
margins of corium concavely sinuate ; membrane reaching or 
slightly passing the abdominal apex ; legs long, anterior femora 
thickened, obtusely spined beneath, and armed with a strong 
spine before apex, posterior legs very long, posterior tibiae much 
longer than the femora and about as long as head, pronotum, and 
scutellum together, posterior tarsi with the first joint about twice 
as long as the other two joints together. 



PCEANTIUS. 75 

Allied to Dieuches, from which it differs in having the basal 
joint of the antennae longer than the first joint of the rostrum ; 
by the length of the posterior legs allied to Pceantius. 



2850. Uzza karenia, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 339 (1909). 

Head black ; antennae piceous, base of fourth joint pale luteous ; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe black, the posterior lobe piceous, 
with a central longitudinal ochraceous line, the lateral margins 
(not reaching base) pale ochraceous ; scutellum black, the extreme 
apex ochraceous ; corium dark castaneous, the basal third, two 
marginal spots beyond middle, and the apical angles ochraceous, 
a small spot on each side of claval apex pale testaceous ; membrane 
black, with a subcentral, waved, transverse, greyish fascia; body 
beneath black ; rostrum and legs piceous, bases of intermediate 
and posterior tibiae pale ochraceous ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hob. Burma; Karennee. 



Genus PCEANTIUS. (Vol. II, p. 85.) 

2851. Pceantius lineatus, St&l, En. Hem. iv, p. 162 (1874). 

Pceantius brevicollis, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 207. 

Head, anterior lobe of pronotum, and scutellum black, posterior 
lobe of pronotum ochraceous, thickly blackly punctate ; lateral 
margins of pronotum (not quite reaching base), a central longi- 
tudinal line to posterior lobe, and near its anterior margin behind the 
transverse impression on each side some small impunctate areas, 
and the corium, pale ochraceous; longitudinal striae to clavus 
(becoming obsolete towards base), and the apical area to corium 
dark fuscous-brown, the latter crossed by a whitish transverse line 
above which this dark area is sometimes broken up into longitu- 
dinal bands ; membrane obscure greyish, usually reflecting the dark 
abdomen beneath ; body beneath and legs black ; posterior margin 
of metasternum, coxae, and bases of intermediate and posterior 
femora pale ochraceous-yellow ; extreme apex of scutellum pale 
yellowish ; antennae ochraceous, base of first joint, extreme apex 
of second, third apically or nearly all, and the fourth piceous ; 
pronotum only slightly longer than broad ; membrane scarcely 
reaching or slightly passing abdominal apex. 

Length 4| to 6 millim. 

Hal. Bombay (Dixori). Bengal ; Eanchi (Irvine). Ceylon 
(fide Breddin). Philippines (fide Stdl). Japan (Lewis, Coll. 
Dist.). 

To be separated from the other Indian species, P. festivus, Dist. 
(vol. ii> p. 86), by the relatively shorter and broader prouotuin. 



76 



APPENDIX. 



Genus NAUDARENSIA. (Vol. II, p. 86.) 



2852. Naudarensia manipurensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 339 

(1909). 

Head pronotum, and scutelluui piceous ; pronotum with the 
middle of the lateral margins distinctly paler ; antennae with the first 
and second joints brownish ochraceous, apex of second joint, third 
(excluding base) and the fourth joint piceous ; corium brownish- 
ochraceous, thickly darkly punctate, a small black spot near 




Fig. 37. Naudarensia manipurensis. 

middle of costal margin, and a transverse linear pale spot before 
apex ; membrane fuliginous, the basal margin pale ; body beneath, 
rostrum, and legs black or piceous ; bases of intermediate and 
posterior femora pale ochraceous, tibiae (excluding apices) brownish 
ochraceous ; first joint of antennae scarcely reaching apex of head 
and finely spinulose, second joint a little "longer than third ; pro- 
notum about as long as broad at base, transversely compressed 
near middle, before which it is finely and behind which more 
coarsely punctate ; scutellum somewhat finely punctate ; clavus 
longitudinally punctate, corium somewhat coarsely punctate except 
on costal margin, membrane reaching apex of abdomen ; rostrum 
almost reaching the intermediate coxae ; anterior femora incrassate 



and shortly spinous beneath ; posterior tarsi with the basal joint 
about twice as long as the other two joints together. 

Length 6 rnillim. 

Jfab. Manipur. 

The membrane reaching the abdominal apex in this species will 
require a corresponding modification in the generic diagnosis. 



Genus LETHjEUS. (Vol. II, p. 87.) 

2853. Lethseus taprobanes, Kirk. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1908, p. 11. 

" Dull black ; first segment of the antennae blackish piceous, 
second and third fusco-castaneous, fourth sordid ochreous ; ocelli 
pale stramineous ; lateral margins of pronotum (very narrowly) and 
a spot near the postero-lateral angle pale ferruginous ; tegmina 
blackish, clavus exteriorly and interiorly narrowly obscure ferru- 
ginous, a pale spot near the scutellum a little basal of the middle ; 
corial veins more or less obscure ferruginous, a couple of pale spots 
and two or three small pale (black-punctured) areas ; also close to 
the extero-posterior angle, there is a large circle, the interior dark, 
concolorous with the tegmen, the periphery narrowly pale ; mem- 
brane smoky cinereous, veins pale, their apical parts darker ; 
femora piceous, rest of legs and the entire labium [rostrum] 
obscure ferruginous ; odoriferous orifices blackish, part of the 
canal ferruginous ; pronotum, except a transverse submedian area, 
and scutellum strongly and finely punctured, tegmina more 
coarsely ; labium [rostrum] reaching hind coxae, first segment 
[joint] reaching rather beyond the base of the head." (KirTcaldy.} 

Length 7 millim. 

Bab. Ceylon ; Trincomalee (Green). 

Kirkaldy has rendered his description somewhat unintelligible 
by omitting to give any dimension of the species. Two specimens 
received from Mr. Green and measuring 7 millim in length appear 
to agree with the diagnostic characters. Kirkaldy has also re- 
frained from giving any locality, but his description is included 
under ' Sinhalese Hemiptera.' 



2854. Lethaeus crassiceps. 

Rhypnrochromus ? crassiceps, Dohrn (vol. ii, p. 78) ; redd, 
(Lethaaus) Deutseh. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 212, fig. 6. 

I had previously referred to this species which I was unable to 
identify, even generically, from Dohrn's description. Since then 
Breddin has stated that he has examined the type, of which he 
gives the following description : 

" J . A small, finely coloured but not shining species, with a short 
plump and roundly pointed head, which, with the comparatively 
large eyes, is distinctly more than half as broad as the pronotum 



78 APPENDIX. LYGJEID.E. 

between the shoulders and nsarly two-thirds as long ; the part of 
the head lying before the eyes when seen from the side is scarcely 
longer than the average length of the eye ; front rather strongly 
arched, the ocelli nearly touching the eyes ; pronotum with nearly 
straight margins, narrowed in front, slightly rounded in the neigh- 
bourhood of the front margin, with a transverse sharp impression 
just behind the middle ; ' pronotum proprium ' and ' processus ' 
both in the same horizontal plane, the Jatter punctured, rather 
depressed laterally near the distinctly convex humeral angles ; 
marginal keel sharp and distinct, ^near the front margin with per- 
pendicular bristles; clavus with two longitudinal uervures and four 
distinct punctate lines, the second commencing from the scutellar 
margin disappears suddenly behind the middle of the clavus and 
gives place to a smooth longitudinal stripe ; coriurn with sparse but 
distinct punctures and sharply raised nervures, the rimula placed 
close to the inner side of the outer nervure, which on the inside 
is without a bordering row of punctures ; costal area with a single 
row of punctures bordering the cubital which disappears beyond 
the middle, in its basal third narrow and furrow-like, afterwards 
moderately broadened; the short nervure of the corium simple, 
running into the cubital nervure ; membranal nervures connected 
at the basal cell ; sternum coarsely punctured, rather shining, the 
area of the orifices rather large, its outer border far removed from 
the outer border of the ' evaporativmuschel ' ; abdomen beneath 
silky, shining, with microscopic net-like pattern ; side of the fifth 
sternite with the typical three glandular spots ; legs short, femora, 
especially the anterior, rather thickened, the latter beneath 
towards the extremity with a series of strong bristles ; first 
joint of posterior tarsi nearly one and a half times as long as 
the two apical joints together ; rostrum reaching the middle coxae, 
first joint scarcely passing the neck ; second joint of antennae at 
least twice as long as the first, remaining joints mutilated. Dull 
black, apex of scutellum pitchy black ; abdomen piceous brown ; 
anterior margin of pronotum, lateral marginal keel and ' processus' 
pitchy brown, the latter with pale dashes ; hemelytra bright 
rusty yellowish, punctured with pitchy brown ; a spot behind the 
middle of the clavus, the tip of the posterior angle to the corium, 
as well as some macular markings behind the middle which form 
two indistinct eye-spots, pitchy black ; membrane yellowish 
hyaline, nervures pale greyish ; legs, rostrum, and antennse (as far 
as existing in type) bright rusty yellowish." (Breddin.) 

" Length 4| millim." 

Hab. Ceylon (Nietner). 

2855. Lethaeus carinulatus, Bredd. Leutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 214. 

" J $ . Moderately shining ; head black, when seen from the 
side in comparison with the other species rather slender, narrowed 
towards the front, the throat side not or only slightly thickened, 
with a slight transverse impression under the eyes ; throat with 



NEOLETHJSUS. 79 

a broad longitudinal furrow deepening towards the base of the 
rostrum ; punctuation of the front moderately fine and thick, 
interspersed with unpunctured places ; pronotum almost flat, 
trapezoidal ; the shoulders angular, only slightly rounded off, and 
distinctly narrower than the corium behind the base ; lateral pro- 
notal margins nearly linear, the dull rusty yellowish lateral keel 
narrow, slightly broadened in front, suddenly rounded off and 
disappearing at the anterior angle, near which it bears a long 
perpendicular bristle ; pronotal process coarsely punctured, pitchy 
brown, with a very distinct median longitudinal keel, not quite 
extending to hind border ; ' pronotum proprium ' rather more 
finely punctured, pitchy black, front part Jike a collar, being 
divided off on each side by an oblique impressed linear furrow, 
rising from the anterior angles and not quite reaching the middle 
of the pronotum ; scutellum black, thickly and coarsely punctured, 
a Y-shaped slight convexity of the surface more diffusely punctured 
and suffused pitchy-brown ; corium and clavus with rather coarse 
punctures and narrow strongly raised veins, the ' rimula' following 
the cubital vein at the narrowest and not separated from it by 
punctuation ; the intermediate vein of corium distinctly forked in 
front, costal area on basal third of corium very narrow, forming a 
furrow, with one row of punctures, afterwards broader with irregular 
punctuation; of the four rows of punctures on clavus the two 
middle rows are regularly arranged throughout and approximate ; 
hemelytra pitchy brown, the veins, the brown-punctured irregularly 
bordered basal third, as well as an irregular transverse patch 
before the hinder angle of the corium, whitish ; membrane rather 
small, with one or two large basal cells, light smoky grey, the veins 
darker, the inner angle and a stripe along the membranal division 
pitchy brown ; underside black, pectus coarsely punctured, shining, 
the venter almost lustreless, the female ano-genital apparatus pitchy 
brownish; rostrum pale yellow, reaching posterior coxae, fourth 
joint scarcely half as long as third ; legs pitchy black, apices of 
femora rather paler, anterior femora on the underside with a row 
of bristles increasing in length towards the apex, near the end with 
a comb of small spines, four or five, of which the proximal is much 
the longest ; tibiae and tarsi pale rusty yellow, the former with a 
few half upright bristles (hind tibia?, for instance, with six on the 
upper side) ; antennae pitchy brown, second joint paler, articulations 
between joints 2, 3, and 4 whitish." (Breddin.) 

"Length 5| to 6^ millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Nalanda, Anuradhapura (fide Breddin}. 

I have not seen this species. 

Genus NEOLETHJEUS. 

Neolethaeus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 340 (1909). 

Type, N. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Head about as long as broad (including eyes), central lobe a little 



80 



APPENDIX. 



prominent at apex, ocelli near base, much closer to eyes than to 
each other : antennae with the first joint moderately thickened, 
not quite as long as head, second and third joints slender, second 
longer than third ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, first 
joint reaching base of head ; pronotuin subquadate, slightly trans- 
versely impressed before middle, much more coarsely punctate 
behind the impression than before it, and containing a central 
longitudinal carinate line, the anterior margin truncate, more 
sparsely punctate, and extending on each side a little beyond eyes, 
the lateral margins almost obliquely straight, the anterior angles 
rounded, basal margin truncate, the basal lateral angles longi- 
tudinally ridged ; scutellum triangular, about as Jong as broad, 
discally depressed ; membrane slightly passing abdominal apex, 
venation generally as in Lethcev.s ; femora incrassate, the inter- 
mediate less and the posterior femora a little more so, the anterior 
femora shortly spined beneath, the intermediate and posterior 
femora somewhat spinously hirsute, tibiae spinulose, posterior tarsi 
with the basal joint twice as long as the remaining joints 
together. 



2856. Neolethaeus typicus, Dist. A. M. N. If. (8) iii, p. 340 (1809). 
Black ; two small spots to clavus, two on coriuin (one near 




Fig. SS.Neoletkaus typicus. 

middle, the other near apical margin), second and third joints of 
antenna?, rostrum (excluding basal joint), tibiae, and tarsi more or 



ABANUS. 



81 



less ochraceous ; basal joints of antennae and rostrum, femora, and 
apices of tibiie and tarsal joints castaneous brown ; head (excluding 
central lobe) punctate ; pronotum before the faint transverse 
impression finely, behind it coarsely punctate ; scutellum foveately 
impressed and somewhat sparingly punctate, the lateral marginal 
areas more thickly and coarsely punctate ; corium thickly and 
finely punctate, the veins prominent, clavus with two longitudinal 
series of punctures ; membrane brownish ochraceous. 

Length 9 1 millim. 

Hab. Burma ; Palon. 



Genus ABANUS. 
Abanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 493 (1909). 

Type, A. coloratus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Head about as long as broad, angularly narrowed anteriorly, the 
central lobe prominent ; ocelli near base and eyes ; antenna with 
the basal joint shorter than head but projecting beyond it, second 
joint a little longer than third, third and fourth subequal in 




Fig. 39. Abanus coloratus. 

length ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, first joint very 
slightly passing base of head ; pronotum elongate, about as long as 
broad at base, with a narrow anterior collar, the lateral margins 
nearly straight and moderately laminately reflexed, an obscure 
transverse impression a little behind middle ; scutellum elongate, 
VOL. Y. G 



82 APPENDIX. 

longer than broad ; hemelytra long and narrow ; membrane with 
the venation much as in Letliceus-, anterior femora moderately 
incrassate, finely spined beneath near apex ; tibiae spinulose ; tarsi 
with the basal joint as long as or longer than the two remaining 
joints together. 

To be placed near the genus Lethceus. 

2857. Abanus coloratns, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 493 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum dull black ; extreme lateral 
margins of pronotum more piceous than black ; apex of scutellum 
ochraceous ; body beneath dull black ; rostrum piceous brown, its 
basal joint and apex black ; coxae and legs more or less piceous 
brown ; clavus pale piceous black, corium castaneous, an inner line 
before clavus, lateral margin for about two-thirds its length, and a 
transverse fascia before apical area pale ochraceous, apical area 
black ; membrane piceous black and not quite reaching abdominal 
apex ; antennae brownish ochraceous ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length 9 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Chapra (Mackenzie). 



Genus USILANUS. 
Usilanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 341 (1909). 

Type, U. burmanicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Head somewhat long, subtriangular, about or almost as long as 
the anterior lobe of the pronotum, the central lobe distinctly 
produced and projecting in front, ocelli near base, much nearer to 
eyes than to each other ; antennae with the first joint moderately 
thickened, shorter than head but passing its apex, second, third, 
and fourth joints almost subequal in length ; rostrum reaching the 
intermediate coxae, first joint slightly passing the base of head, 
second not reaching the base of prosternum ; pronotum shorter 
than breadth at base, the lateral margins obliquely rounded, 
transversely impressed behind middle, the anterior margin scarcely 
or only slightly broader than the eyes, the anterior lobe subglobose, 
the basal area or posterior lobe coarsely punctate, faintly, centrally, 
longitudinally ridged, and here the lateral margins are a little 
laminate, posterior margin distinctly concave before scutellum, 
the anterior margin truncate ; scutellum triangular, slightly longer 
than broad at base ; clavus longitudinally punctate, corium with 
the subcostal vein distinctly curved ; membrane slightly passing 
the abdominal apex, with four longitudinal veins, the two inner 
strongly curved towards base and reaching basal margin, the two 
outer not reaching basal margin ; anterior femora incrassate and 
somewhat continuously but irregularly spined beneath, anterior 



tibise a little curved, somewhat flattened and also shortly spined 
beneath on their apical halves, intermediate and posterior legs 
moderately slender, the tibiae setose, first joint of the posterior 
tarsi about one and a half times as long as the remaining joints 
together. 

Allied to the genus Eremocoris. 

28f>8. Usilanus burmanicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 341 (1909). 

Body above black, lateral margins of the corium narrowly 
ochraceous ; antennae piceous, fourth joint with about its basal 
half pale ochraceous; head beneath and sternum black, abdomen 
piceous ; rostrum pale ochraceous, the basal joint black ; legs pale 




Fig. 40. Usilanus burmanicus. 

ochraceous, the anterior femora, apices of intermediate and posterior 
femora, apices of all the tibiae, and apices of the anterior tarsal 
joints black ; head somewhat coarsely punctate on basal area ; 
pronotum finely and sparsely punctate on the smooth anterior 
subconvex lobe, more coarsely so near the anterior margin, 
posterior lobe thickly coarsely punctate ; scutellum finely punctate, 
the apical area with an obscure central, longitudinal, carinate line ; 
corium somewhat evenly and regularly punctate ; sternum more 
-or less coarsely punctate, the three ultimate abdominal segments 
iinely irregularly tuberculate. 

Length 10 millim. 

Hob. Burma ; Karennee. 



84 APPENDIX. LYG^IDvE. 

2859. Usilanus denotatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 342 (1909). 

Piceous black ; less than basal half of pronotum and anterior 
and lateral pronotal margins (narrowly), clavus and coriuin, lateral 
margins (narrowly) of sternum and posterior lateral angles of 
prosternum, abdomen beneath, first and second joints of antennae 
(remaining joints mutilated in type) castaneous brown ; rostrum 
and legs ochraceous, basal joint of rostrum and the anterior 
femora castaneous brown ; margins of the clavus paler ; . inner 
apical area to corium piceous, containing two small pale spots (one 
at its anterior margin, the other on the apical margin) ; membrane 
fuscous-brown ; head with the apex of the central lobe prominent \. 
first joint of antennae considerably shorter than second ; rostrum 
with the first joint slightly passing base of head ; pronotum shorter 
than breadth at base, the lateral margins obliquely rounded, 
faintly transversely impressed a little behind middle, the basal pale 
area somewhat coarsely punctate, the posterior angles margined 
with piceous, the posterior margin moderately concavely sinuate ; 
scutellum sparingly punctate, more strongly punctate along the 
lateral margins ; clavus longitudinally punctate ; corium more 
irregularly punctate ; membrane slightly passing the abdominal 
apex : anterior femora obtusely spined beneath. 

Length 9| millim. 

Hob. Burma ; Bhamo. 



Genus EREMOCORIS. 

Eremocoris, Fieb. Eur. Hem. pp. 49 & 187 (1861) ; St&l, Ofv. 
Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1872, no. 7, p. 00 ; id. En. Hem. iv, p. 164 (1874) ; 
Horv. Rev. d'Ent. ii, p. 1 (1883). 

Type, E. erraticus, Fabr., a Palaearctic species. 

Distribution. Nearctic and Palsearctic Regions ; apparently in 
this fauna confined to N.W. India. 

This genus is allied to Scolopostethus (vol. ii, p. 92) from which 
(using StaTs differential diagnosis) it is separated by having the 
first joint of the antenna? by more than half its length passing the 
apex of the head ; head long, more acute, the space between the 
eyes and antennae being subequal to the length of the eyes. 



2860. Eremocoris indicus, Bredd. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxvi, p. 96 (1907). 

$ . " Piceous black, upperside very dark, not shining ; hend, 
' pronotum proprium,' and prominent shoulders only very slightly 
greasy-shining, deep black ; the pronotal process pitch - black, 
narrow hind border reddish, side marginal keel in neighbourhood 
of pronotal impression narrowly rusty yellowish, black towards 
front ; clavus and corium pitchy black, towards base passing 



EREMOCOEIS. 85 

gradually to pitchy browu, costal area on basal third of corinm 
dull rusty yellowish, a longitudinal spot between tbe end of the 
rimula and the vena brachialis black; membrane pitchy brown, 
apical halves somewhat suffused, a semicircular-shaped spot placed 
on outer half of membraual suture, shining white, a very suffused 
dull yellowish spot remote from the margin near the inner hind 
angle of membrane, the inner basal angle reddish ; a round spot on 
each trochanter, the last three joints of rostrum, tarsi, posterior 
and intermediate tibiae as well as inner side of pitchy brown front 
tibiae, and apex of fourth joint of antennae, rusty red to rusty 
yellow ; body elongate, broadest just behind the middle of the 
corium ; pronotum compared with the posterior part of the body 
short, distinctly broader than long, shoulder breadth 2*3 millim., 
length 1-7 millim. (measured under the microscope), almost rect- 
angular, only slightly narrowed in front and even near the front 
margin comparatively broad, the sides nearly straight, not bayed, 
and before the middle of tbe ' pronotum proprium ' more strongly 
rounded ; ' pronotum proprium ' very flatly arched, only very 
indistinctly bordered behind by a very shallow broad impression ; 
tegmina not quite reaching the anal end of the dorsum ; ineso- 
sternum with a rhomboid longitudinal impression, the borders of 
which are keel-shaped, raised, without tubercles or spiny elevations ; 
antennae rather slender, third joint a little longer than the fourth ; 
rostrum slightly extending beyond the posterior coxae ; the strongly 
thickened anterior femora below (on the inner side of the broad 
furrow intended to receive the tibia?) with a row of very small 
spines of nearly uniform height and a larger spine near the end of 
the femur; posterior tibiae with only short, half-depressed, scarcely 
perceptible hairs and on upper side distalward with very short 
spinous bristles ; first joint of posterior tarsi twice as long as 
remaining joints together." (Breddin.) 

" Length 8-25 millim." 

Hab. Kashmir (fide Breddin). 

Described as allied to the Palaearctic E. fenestratus, Herr.-Sch., 
but with the pronotum much less narrowed in front, the unarmed 
middle pectus, the different hairs to posterior tibiae, and the dark 
coloration of the upper surface. 



2861. Eremocoris naini, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 494 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum dull black ; clavus and corium 
dull ochraceous, punctured and shaded with piceous, the costal 
margin narrowly ochraceous, a rather distinct piceous spot near 
middle of costal area, and a similar, rather more obscure spot on 
disk near apex of clavus ; membrane pale piceous, the posterior 
margin and veins greyish-white, forming a looped linear spot near 
apical margin of corium ; body beneath and femora black ; tibiae, 
tarsi, and rostrum (excluding basal joint) brownish ochraceous ; 
antennae black, stout, first joint passing apex of head, about sub- 



86 APPENDIX. 

equal in length to third joint, second joint considerably longer 
than either first or third, fourth joint mutilated in typical speci- 
men ; head very thickly punctate ; pronotum with the anterior 
lobe thickly finely punctate, convex and longer than the posterior, 
which is flat and more coarsely punctate, the lateral margins 
sinuate at the transverse impression, anteriorly convexly rounded, 
the posterior angles a little thickened and slightly pitchy brown ; 
corium somewhat coarsely punctate, the pale narrow costal margin 
impunctate except at the region of the piceous central spot ; mem- 
brane scarcely passing the abdominal apex ; rostrum reaching or 
slightly passing the posterior coxae. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Kumaon ; mini Tal, 6400 ft. 



Genus MANATANUS. 
Manatanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 494 (1909). 

Type, M. montanus, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head about as long as broad, subacutely narrowed anteriorly, 
somewhat longitudinally conically ridged above ; antennae with 
the first joint considerably extending beyond apex of head, second 
joint a little longest, third and fourth almost subequal in length 
or third only slightly longer than fourth ; rostrum almost reaching 
the posterior coxae, first joint about reaching base of head ; pro- 
notum about as long as broad, transversely impressed a little 
behind middle, the lateral margins almost straight but roundly 
narrowed anteriorly, basal margin concave before scutellum; 
hemelytra scarcely extending beyond middle of abdomen, membrane 
small; anterior femora incrassate and spined beneath near apices ; 
scutellum a little elevated. 

In my enumeration of the Oriental Lygaeidae I place this genus 
near Lua, Dist. (cf. p. 87). 

2862. Manatanus montanus, Dist. A. M.N. H. (8) iii, p. 495 (1909). 
Head, pronotum, and scutellum black ; lateral margins of the 
anterior lobe of pronotum (broadened posteriorly) white ; antennae- 
black ; abdomen above and body beneath black ; rostrum and 
legs ochraceous, basal joint of rostrum, anterior femora (excluding 
apices), more than apical halves of intermediate and posterior 
femora (excluding apices), and the tibiae more or less black or 
piceous ; clavus pitchy-brown, corium greyish white or pale 
stramineous, two elongate black spots before middle and the apex 
broadly black ; membrane narrow, whitish, sometimes divided by 
black into two large whitish spots. 

Far. Posterior pronotal lobe more pitchy brown than black ; 



87 



first and second joints of antennae pitchy brown or ochraceous ; 
intermediate and posterior femora and all the tibiae ochraceous. 
Length 4| millim. 





Fig. 41. Manatanus montanus. 

Sab. Simla Hills ; Matiana (Ind. Mus. 
Kumaon ; Naini Tal (Ind. Mus. fy Coll. Dist.}. 
This species was found under stones. 



Coll. Dist.) ; 



Genus LUA. 
Lua, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 342 (1909). 

Type, L. tartarea, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon and Minikoi. 

Head about as long as breadth between eyes, robust, deflected 
on each side, anteriorly subangularly produced ; antennae robust, 
pilose, first joint about or almost reaching apex of head, second 
joint a little longer than third, third and fourth subequal in length ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, first joint about reaching 
base of head ; pronotum nearly twice as broad at base as long, 
with a strongly punctate anterior collar, the basal area also 
strongly punctate, lateral margins carinate, convexly rounded 
towards the eyes, anterior margin truncate, posterior margin a 
little concave before scutellum ; scutellum about as long as broad 
at base, where it is a little gibbous, laterally deflected on each side, 
somewhat coarsely punctate ; hemelytra not reaching the abdominal 
apex, membrane very small and ill-defined, lateral margins a little 
widened beyond middle and then obliquely narrowed to apex, 



88 APPENDIX. LYG^IDJE. 

clavus very coarsely longitudinally punctate ; the disk sparingly 
coarsely punctate ; body beneath and legs pilose ; legs of moderate 
length, the femora moderately and uniformly thickened. 

Allied to the Neotropical genus Rhaptus, Stal. Judging from 
the description, it also possesses some resemblance or affinity with 
Lisjpochroa, Bredd., but from this genus (?) is distinct by the 
shorter hemelytra. 

2863. Lna tartarea, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 343 (1909). 

Body above and beneath shining black ; antennae and legs pale 
ochraceous ; apical joint of antennae and base of first joint piceous ; 
femora (excluding apices) more or less pale castaneous ; head 
between the eyes smooth and shining, remaining area punctate ; 
pronotum with the basal area coarsely punctate, before which it is 




Fig. 42. Lua tartarea. 

obscurely transversely impressed, between this impression and the 
anterior punctate collar the surface is smooth and shining ; 
scutellum punctate, the basal area smooth and shining, between 
which and apez is an obscure central longitudinal line ; corium 
punctate as described in generic diagnosis, an obscure pale brownish 
spot on each side of clavus near apex of scutellum and a similar 
subcostal spot on corium a little beyond base ; membrane short, 
indistinct, dull brownish ochraceous, not reaching apex of abdomen ; 
sternum irregularly punctate beneath, as shown in figure. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Nalanda (Green); Minikoi (Gardiner). 

In the Minikoi specimens the spots to the corium are much 
brighter than in the Ceylonese type, and the extreme lateral margins 
to the pronotum (sometimes) and the posterior lateral pronotal 
angles (frequently) are ochraceous. 



LISPOCHROA. 89 



Genus LISPOCHKOA. 

Lispochroa, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, p. 215. 

Type, L. Uandula, Bredd. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

"Body small, above bare, shining; head distinctly shorter than 
pronotum, the front arched downwards, punctured, including the 
comparatively small eyes, little more than half as broad as the 
pronotum between the shoulders ; antennae hairy, moderately long, 
first joint not or scarcely passing beyond the clvpeus, second and 
third about equally long, fourth rather longer than third ; pro- 
notum strongly transversely trapezoidal, nearly twice as broad as 
long, with rounded sides strongly narrowed towards the front, in 
front narrower than the head with the eyes, transverse impression 
wanting, the front half strongly convex in the middle ; the front 
marginal area, which is separated off like a collar by an oblique 
impression on each side, and also the hinder half, rather strongly 
and thickly, anyhow very distinctly, punctate ; side marginal keel 
sharpened and distinct but narrow, hind border almost truncated ; 
scutellum not longer than broad, distinctly punctured, the lateral 
borders with a row of punctures, with an unpunctured sub- 
marginal stripe on inner side ; clavus with three distinct rows of 
punctures ; corium distinctly punctured, the cubital vein elevated 
and approximated to the rimula which slightly curves away 
internally and is separated from it by a fine row of punctures ; 
costal area in basal third linear, then widened, rather broad, 
separated off from cubital by a thick row of punctures, behind 
the middle with an impressed longitudinal row of punctures, other- 
wise unpunctured ; membrane with a crooked puckered transverse 
furrow at the base and with free veins, not extending beyond the 
anus ; first joint of rostrum scarcely passing base of head ; legs 
short, femora unarmed, tibiae set with stiff bristles, basal joint of 
hind tarsi little longer than the two other joints together ; under- 
side shining, abdomen beneath sparingly punctured, on the basal 
outer margin with a long narrow marginal appendage [emanating 
from the first abdominal sternite] ; of the stigmata three and four 
are very close to the marginal appendage but still stand in the 
sternites ; the incision between sternites 2-3 indicated by a short 
sutural transverse line, that between sternites 4-5 extremely 
weak, without sutural sculpture and without sutural thickening, 
laterally strongly bent towards the front, the incision between 
sternites 6-7 forming a distinct suture, sides of fifth abdominal 
sternite with three small glandular spots (Div. Lethcearia, Stal) ; 
dorsal incisions almost straight and complete, the hinder at 
least strongly and finely sutured ; fourth tergite remarkably short, 
almost only one-third as long as fifth, laterally rather narrowed, 
outwardly again expanded ; ano-genital apparatus rather sunk 
in, the seventh abdominal sternite long at sides ; in middle very 



90 APPENDIX. LYG^IDJE. 

short, almost linear. This genus perhaps belongs near to 
Lispolophus, Bergr. (Androgeus, Stal), which I do not know, but 
differs in the strong punctuation of the pronotum." (Breddin.) 

2864. Lispochroa blandula, Bredd. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1907, 
p. 216, figs. 7 & 8. 

"Shining black, the narrow lateral margin of the pronotum, 
including the shoulder humps, and the tegmina pale rusty yellow, 
the punctuation of the latter, a dash on middle of clavus, as well 
as a washed-out large irregular suffusion in the inner angle of the 
corium, which includes a paler nucleus, pitchy brown ; membrane 
quite pale smoky -grey, base and veins pure hyaline ; femora 
black, turning into pale rusty brown at the end ; tibiae, tarsi, and 
antennae pale rusty yellow, the terminal joint of the latter 
(exclusive of basal fourth) brownish ; rostrum pitchy black ; end 
of abdomen frequently pitchy brownish ; on marginal keel of 
pronotum a long perpendicular yellowish bristle." (Breddin.) 

" Length 2^ to 3 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Anuradhapura, Kanthaley (fide Breddiri). 

This genus and species cannot be identified with any Ceylon 
species with which I am acquainted. Breddin compared it with 
both the genera Lispolophus and Diniella and was apparently 
uncertain of its proper location. 

Genus ATKINSONIANUS. 
(To follow Abdolominus, Vol. II, p. 90.) 
Atkinsonianus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 343 (1909). 

Type, A. reticulatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Sikhim. 

Head about as long as broad at base, subangularly produced and 
narrowed before the insertion of the antennae ; ocelli near eyes ; 
antennae with the first joint shorter than head, second joint 
longest, third and fourth subequal in length ; rostrum reaching 
the intermediate coxae, first joint not quite reaching base of head, 
eyes not quite reaching the anterior angles of the pronotum ; 
pronotum somewhat flat, broader than long, a little narrowed 
anteriorly, with a very slight or subobsolete transverse impression 
near middle, a, short longitudinal ridge near the posterior lateral 
angles, the lateral margins very narrowly ampliate and very slightly 
sinuate, rounded at anterior angles, anterior margin truncate, 
posterior margin moderately concavely sinuate ; scutellum about 
as long as broad, not impressed ; corium. laterally convexly 
rounded and considerably more extended than the margins of the 
pronotum ; membrane not reaching the abdominal apex, with 
strong reticulate markings giving the appearance of reticulate 
venation ; legs simple. 

Near Abdolominus, Dist. 



GONSALVTTS. 91 

2865. Atkinsonianus reticulatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 344 

(1909). 

Head, anterior area of pronotum, and the scutellum black or 
piceous, anterior and lateral margins, and posterior area of pro- 
notum castaneous brown, on tbe subimpressed line dividing the 
dark and pale pronotal areas are three paler spots ; clavus arid 
corium pale ochraceous, thickly brownly punctate, in some places 
macularly punctate ; membrane subhyaline, reticulately spotted 




Fig. 43. Atkinsonianus reticulatus. 

and marked, and with prominent black spots at the basal margins : 
body beneath black or piceous, margins of the sternal segments, 
rostrum, coxa?, legs, and apical area of abdomen more or less 
castaneous ; head with the apical area finely granulose, the base 
almost smooth ; pronotum thickly finely punctate, with three more 
or less developed longitudinal grooves ; scutellum thickly punctate ; 
other characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hob. Sikhim (Atkinson Coll., Brit. Mus.). 

Genus GONSALVUS. (Vol. II, p. 93.) 
2866. Gonsalvus spmosus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 344 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black; apex and a more or less 
developed median line to central lobe of head ochraceous ; 
antennae piceous or black, basal half of second joint ochraceous, 
fourth joint greyishly pilose ; body beneath and femora black or 
piceous ; rostrum, tibiae, and tarsi ochraceous or brownish 
ochraceous ; corium dull ochraceous, clavus with longitudinal 
black lines, corium blackly punctate, the punctures more or less 
arranged in longitudinal series ; membrane piceous, the veins 
much paler ; antennae with the first joint scarcely half the length 
of second, which is slender at base and slightly longer than third, 



92 APPENDIX. PYBRHOCOKID^:. 

fourth slightly shorter than third ; head impunctate, the ocelli 
at base and near eyes ; pronotum with the anterior lobe tumid, im- 
punctate, the lateral margins moderately convex and narrowing 
to head, posterior lobe sparingly coarsely punctate ; scutellum 
sparingly finely punctate ; anterior femora incrassate, finely 
spined beneath, the anterior tibiae moderately curved and strongly 
inwardly ampliated at apices ; membrane slightly passing the 
abdominal apex ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae. 

Length 6-7 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 

Differing from G. typus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 93), by the spinous 
anterior femora and the more dilated apices of the anterior tibiae, 
different colour of the legs, &c. 

This species was taken at light in November 1907. 



Family PYRRHOCORID^. (Vol. II, p. 94.) 

In this family some taxonomical corrections are made. Breddin 
has written on the Ceylonese Pyrrhocoridae, and his paper thereon 
is fully referred to in the following pages, though most of his 
generic and specific suggestions cannot be accepted by the present 
writer. 

Subfamily LARGIN.E. (Vol. II, p. 94.) 

Genus RHODOCLIA. 
Rhodoclia, Dist. Entomologist, 1909, p. 58. 

Type, E. convictionis, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only recorded from the Nilgiri Hills. 

Head broad and convex, a little more anteriorly produced in 
male than in female, the postocular longer than the anteocular 
area, strongly constricted at base, slightly longitudinally incised on 
centre of disk, the apex subangularly produced in front of the 
insertion of the antennae, eyes of moderate size and rounded ; 
antennae long, longer than the body, first joint longer than either 
the second or third which are subequal in length, fourth longest, 
moderately thickened and a little curved; rostrum passing the 
intermediate coxae, first joint thickened and about reaching eyes, 
second longest ; prouotum short, armed with a long horizontal or 
slightly backwardly directed slender spine on each side ; hemelytra 
more or less rudimentary, more developed in the male than in the 
female ; abdomen short and broad, pedunculate at base ; legs long 
and slender, basal and apical joints of tarsi about equally long, 
tibiae distinctly longer than the femora. 

When I first described this genus it was from a few rather 



EHODOCLIA. 



93 



badly preserved spirit specimens, but Mr. Pocock who placed them 
in my hands desired an identification for reference in a paper he 
was preparing on some mimicking insects. On this imperfect 
material I considered the taxonomical location to be with the 
Capsidse. Subsequently, however, he gave me more material (from 
which the figures have been produced), and I now consider that the 
genus is to be placed in the Pyrrhocoridce, allied to the Ethiopian 
genera Myrmoplasta, GJ-erst., and Megapetus, Dist. 



2867. Rhodoclia convictionis, Dist. Entomologist,, 1909, p. 59. 

Head, pronotum, scutelluui, and hemelytra piceous-brown ; 
head with a pale ochraceous line extending centrally and perpen- 
dicularlv for a short distance from base, and then curved and 




Fig. 44. Rhodoclia convictionis. 

diverging on each side to the anterior margins of eyes ; scutellum 
with a central pale longitudinal line ; abdomen greyish ochraceous ; 
head beneath, sternum, rostrum, and legs pale brownish ochraceous ; 
the pedunculate base of abdomen centrally piceous, with the lateral 
margins greyish ; legs and antennae thinly spinously hirsute, the 
head also margined with pale long hairs. 

Length, d" 6 to 8, 5| to 6 millim. 

Hub. Nilgiri Hills ; Barwood Estate (H. Leslie Andrews). 



94 APPENDIX. PYRRHOCORID^E. 

IPHITA UBANDIS. (Vol. II, p. 97.) 
Physopelta grandis, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 295. 

Under the generic name oC Physopelta Breddin (supra) has 
recorded this species from Nalanda in Ceylon. We had previously 
only received it from Peradeuiya. 

Genus ANTILOCHUS. (Vol. II, p. 100.) 
ANTILOCHUS COQUEBERTI. (Vol. II, p. 101.) 
Antilochus amorosus, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 296. 

Under the above name Breddin appears to have described a 
simple variety of the widely distributed A. coqueberti, Fabr. 

ANTILOCHDS LINEATIPES. (Vol. II, p. 102.) 

Antilochus lineaticeps, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 297. 
Add : Hdb. Ceylon ; Nalanda (fide Breddin). 

Genus ECTATOPS. (Vol. II, p. 102.) 

2868. Ectatops signoreti, sp. u. 

Sanguineous ; eyes, pronotum, membrane, head beneath (excluding 
lateral margins), rostrum, sternum and legs black ; antennae with 
the first joint black, sanguineous at base, about as long as head but 
extending considerably beyond its apex, remaining joints mutilated 
in typical specimen ; head with an arcuate black line near basal 
margin ; pronotum dull opaque black, transversely impressed 
before middle, the central lobe convexly raised, with a transverse 
curved line of punctures before anterior margin ; scutellum with 
the apex brighter sanguineous ; corium and clavus somewhat 
thickly finely punctate ; rostrum reaching middle of basal segment 
of abdomen ; anterior femora shortly spiued beneath near apex. 

Length 14 millim. 

Hab. Silhet ( Coll. Signoret, Vienna Museum). 

Allied to E. ophthalmica, Burin, (vol. ii, p. 104). 

Genus EUSCOPUS. (Vol. II, p. 105.) 

2869. Enscopus albatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 496 (1909). 

Body and hemelytra pitchy brown ; membrane ochraceous 
brown ; lateral margins of the pronotum and corium, and a short 
broad basal subcostal fascia to corium, ochraceous ; an irregular 
transverse fascia before apex of corium white with dark punctures ; 
abdomen beneath more or less cretaceously tomentose, the stigmata 
black ; legs brownish ochraceous ; antennae with the fourth joint 



ABULPEDA. 



95 



piceons, its base pale stramineous, first joint almost as long as the 
second and third together, second and fourth subequal in length, 
each longer than third ; head finely granulose and with a slight 




Fig. 45. Euscopus albatus. 

central longitudinal ridge ; posterior pronotal lobe distinctly punc- 
tate, the lateral margins strongly sinuate, the transverse impression 
dividing the lobes profound, the anterior lobe a little raised and 
almost smooth ; scutellum and corium somewhat thickly punc- 
tate ; rostrum almost reaching the posterior coxae ; anterior 
femora strongly s pined beneath. 

Length 8| miliim. 

Hub. Bombay (Dixon). 

EUSCOPUS INDECOBUS. (Vol. II, p. 106.) 

Euscopus indecorus, var. htigmaticus, Sredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 
1909, p. 297. 

Breddin appears to have given a varietal name to the Ceylonese 
examples of this species, a course apparently unnecessary. 



Genus ABULPEDA. 
Abulfeda, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 495 (1909). 

Type A. punctatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head about as long as broad, anteriorly subangularly produced, 
the central lobe prominent ; antennae robust, basal joint longest, 
almost as long as second and third joints together; pronotum 
gradually narrowed anteriorly, the lateral margins sinuate, trans- 
versely impressed before middle, anterior lobe raised and smooth, 



96 APPENDIX. PYBRHOCOIUD.S. 

posterior lobe very coarsely punctate, transversely punctate before 
anterior margin, the anterior lateral margins ridged ; scutellum 
triangular, smooth, almost obsoletely punctate ; clavus and 
corium thickly strongly punctate ; membrane not quite reaching 
abdominal apex ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxse, basal 
joint about, or almost, reaching base of head ; anterior femora 
moderately thickened, shortly spined beneath. 

This genus has the anterior area of pronotuin completely cir- 
cumscribed by continuous punctures and is allied to Euscopus. 

2870. Abulfeda punctatus, List. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 496 (1909). 

Head dull pitchy-black ; antennae pitchy-black, the base of 
the fourth joint pale stramineous : pronotuin shining black, the 




Fig. 4&.A/mljeda punctatus. 

lateral margins very narrowly and the posterior lateral angles 
more prominently ochraceous ; scutellum pitchy-black, opaque ; 
corium black, somewhat shining ; membrane pitchy- black ; body 
beneath dull, greyish black, opaque, the stigmata black ; rostrum 
and legs testaceous brown ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 9 rnillim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya C Green). 

Genus ODONTOPUS. (Vol. II, p. 108.) 
ODONTOPTTS NIGBICOEKIS. (Vol. II, p. 109.) 

Vars. First joints of antennae either red at base (as in plana, 
Walk.), or red with black apex (as in bimaculata, Walk)! 



AEMATILLUS. 97 

Genus DINDYMUS. (Vol. II, p. 110.) 

DlNDYMUS SITA. (Vol. II, p. 113.) 
Physopelta sita, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Eelg. 1909, p. 296. 

As a " typical Physopelta " ! Breddin has recorded this species 
from the Ceylonese localities Anuradhapura and Nalanda. 

Genus DERMATINUS. (Vol. II, p. 115.) 

2871. Dermatinus erebus, Dist. (Dermantinus mispr.) Ann. Soc. Ent. 
Belg. liii, p. 360 (1909). 

Black; finely, shortly, greyishly pilose; femora black, their 
bases and extreme apices, coxae, trochanters, the tibiae and the 
tarsi brownish ochraceous ; antennae black or piceous ; apex of 
scutellum ochraceous ; antennae finely setose, with the second and 
fourth joints longest and subequal in length ; rostrum reaching 
the posterior coxae, basal joint castaneous and slightly passing base 
of head, remaining joints brownish ochraceous ; pronotum very 
finely granulate and shortly greyishly pilose, the lateral margins 
shortly but distinctly reflexed, basal margin truncate, nearly 
straight ; corium reaching the base of the fourth abdominal 
segment and with its apex truncate. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. United Provinces ; Lucknow. Ceylon ; Hambantula 
(Fletcher). 

Allied to D. lugubris, Dist., but smaller in size, the basal margin 
of the pronotum nearly straight, apical margin of fourth abdominal 
segment centrally less acutely produced, etc. 

Genus PYRRHOPEPLUS. (Vol. II, p. 115.) 
PTEEHOPEPLUS POSTHUHUS to replace P. pictus (Vol. II, p. 116). 

Pyrrhopeplus carduelis var. posthumus, Horv. Term. Filz. xv, p. 135 

(1892). 
Pyrrhopeplus posthumus, Horv. Ann. Mus, Hung, vii, p. 631 (1909). 

Add : Hob. Tibet (fide Horvdth). 

As Horvath states he has previously described T. pictus as 
a variety of P. carduelis, Stal, and now recognises it as of 
specific rank, the varietal name posthumus must therefore replace 
that of pictus. 

Genus ARMATILLUS. (Vol. IV, p. 432.) 
AEMATILLTTS TEEEUCOSUS. (Vol. IV, p. 432.) 

As I have already explained (A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 345, 1909), 
by an extraordinary taxonomical displacement, I included this 
genus and species in the Pentatomidce. It is of course to be 
enumerated with the Pyrrhocoridce. 

VOL. T. H. 



98 APPENDIX. PYRRHOCOBID^. 

Genus SCANTIUS. (Vol. II, p. 117.) 

2872. Scantius forsteri, Fabr. (Cimex) Spec. Ins. ii, p. 368. 176 
(1781) ; Herr.-Sch. (Pyrrhocoris) Wanz. Ins. viii, p. 102, f. 872 
(1848) ; St&l (Scantius), Hem. Afr. iii, p. 10 (1865). 

Cimex clavimanus, Fabr. Spec. Ins. ii, p. 368. 177 (1781) ; Herr.- 
Sch. (Pyrrhocoris) Wanz. Ins. viii, p. 102, f. 871 (1848). 

Lygseus deustus, Thunb. Hem. Rostr. Cap. iv, p. 3 (1822). 

Dermatinus centralis, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Ft: 1860, p. 952. 

Black ; anterior and lateral margins and a central basal linear 
spot to pronotum, apex of scutellum, basal lateral margins of 
corium, apical lateral margins of abdomen above, lateral margins 
of sternum, and anterior margin of prosternum, sanguineous ; first 
and second joints of antennae longest and subequal in length, third 
joint shorter than fourth; membrane either rudimentary and 
reaching middle or apex of penultimate abdominal segment, or 
complete and almost reaching abdominal apex ; pronotum strongly 
variable in shape, either transverse narrowing to head, with the 
transverse incision near middle ( $ ?), or narrower, with the lateral 
margins nearly straight and the transverse impression behind the 
middle ( c? ?) ; anterior femora strongly incrassate, spined beneath 
near apices. 

Length 7 to 8 millim. 

Hob. Bengal; Purneah Distr. (Indian Mus. <$f Coll. Dist.) 
South Africa. Madagascar. Seychelle Islands. 

This is a common species in South Africa and will probably be 
found along the whole East African coast. It is therefore possible 
that the S. volucris, Gerst. (vol. ii, p. 117) is only another form of 
the species and will have to be included with it. 

SCANTIUS OBSCURUS. (Vol. II, p. 118.) 

The type of this species is a $ specimen. I have'since received 




Fig. 47. Scantius obscurus, tf . 
the other sex from Ceylon which I here figure. The structure of 



INDBA. 99 

the pronotum is a sexual character as described in the case of 
S. forsteri. 

Add: Hab. Ceylon; Kaita (Green). 

2873. Scantius coriaceus, sp. n. 
coriaceus, Sign. MS. 

Black ; anterior and lateral margins of pronotum and lateral 
margins of sternum narrowly dull reddish ; head above closely 
finely granulose ; anteunse robust, first joint considerably passing 
apex of head, first and second joints subequal in length, third 
short, about half the length of second, fourth mutilated in typical 
specimen ; pronotum transversely impressed near middle, the 
lateral margins nearly straight and finely longitudinally punctate r 
a curved transverse coriaceous line before anterior margin, the 
anterior lobe somewhat smooth and convex, the posterior lobe 
somewhat thickly punctate; scutellum, corium, and clavus obscurely 
pilose and sparingly coarsely punctate ; membrane very short or 
rudimentary, the apex convexly rounded and reaching the base 
of the penultimate abdominal segment ; anterior femora apically 
incrassate, finely spinous beneath near apex ; rostrum imperfect! v 
seen in carded typical specimen. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hab. " India" (Vienna Museum). 

Genus INDRA. 
Indra, Kirk. # Edw. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxi, p. 170 (1902). 

Type I. philarete, Kirk. & Edw., from Java. 

Distribution. Java and Ceylon. 

" Distinguished from Dermatinus. Scantius, and Pyrrhocoris by the 
structure of the head and pronotum. Short, finely hairy ; vertex 
with three longitudinal cavities as far as the antennal tubercles 
from there as far as the tip (between the tylus and the juga) with 
two cavities ; antennal tubercles very conspicuous, on the front side 
pointed, spiny ; bucculse visible, roundish ; head (with the stalkless 
eyes) as broad as front margin of pronotum ; rostrum short,, 
reaching to base of eyes ; pronotum coarsely punctate (' the area, 
circumscripta' excepted), a little transverse, lateral margins sinuous 
and only slightly reflexed ; scutellum a little gibbous ; hemelytra 
not as long as pronotum, posteriorly truncated ; clavus and corium 
united; incisures of fourth and fifth (StaTs third and fourth) 
abdominal tergites curved near lateral margins." (Kirkaldy <$f 
Edwards.} 

2874. Indra glebula, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 299. 

" Unicolorous, dull pitchy black ; above with short, upright dusty 
grey hairs ; hemelytra entirely leathery, without membrane,, 
coarsely and moderately thickly punctured, each hernelytron with a 

H2 



100 APPENDIX. TINGIDID^E. 

flatly rounded terminal margin extending nearly to abdominal apex 
and leaving only a part of the seventh abdominal tergite uncovered, 
the costa which is protuberantly thickened in basal third and the 
marginal protuberances of the sides of the pronotum dirty piceous 
brown, two irregular small spots near terminal margin of hem- 
elytra ochreous yellow ; pronotum not quite twice as long as broad 
in the middle, lateral margin in middle shallowly but distinctly 
notched, before which it is rounded, the row of punctures bordering 
the cicatrisant area conspicuously coarser than the puncturation 
of the ' process,' the area lying in front of the cicatrisant swelling 
with only a few slight punctures ; the third velvet-black glandular 
spot on ventral surface, counting from the front, considerably 
larger than the second ; tarsi ochreous yellow ; upper margin of 
genital plate in rf with two small, approximate, rectangular 
lappets separated by a small approximately rectangular incision." 
(Breddin.) 

Length 4| millim. 

Hfib. Ceylon ; JNalanda (fide Breddin). 

I have not seen this species. 

Genus DYSDERCUS. (Vol. II, p. 118.) 

DlSDEBCUS CINGULATUS. (Vol. II, p. 118.) 

Dysdercus micropygus, Bredd. Ann, Soc. Ent. Self/. 1909, p. 299. 
Dysdercus luteolus, Bredd. torn. cit. p. 300. 

Of this well known species Breddin has recently (supra) from 
different specimens submitted the descriptions, as of new species, 
of no fewer than three different forms, two (supra) from Ceylon, 
and one from Borneo. The differences have been sought in the 
structural characters of the genital plates, but in my opinion, 
unsuccessfully. 



Family TINGIDID.E. (Vol. II, p. 122.) 

Since enumerating the species of this family as found in British 
India considerable fresh material has reached our hands and it is 
now possible to supplement the descriptive list as then given by 
about another two-thirds. Even then our knowledge of the 
Tingididae comprised in this fauna is manifestly incomplete and we 
may expect considerable additions to be made to it. 

Genus CANTACADEE. (Vol. II, p. 123.) 
CANTACAUEB, QUINQUECOSTATUS. (Vol. II, p. 123). 

I was previously only able to record this species from Ceylon ; 
I have recently received it from Calcutta (taken at light), from 
Chandan Chowki, U. Provinces of India, and from Bhogaon, Purneah 
District, N. Bengal. 



101 



Genus MALALA, nov. 
(To follow Gonycentrum, Vol. II, p. 125.) 

Type, M. bulliens, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Ceylon. 

Ovate ; head produced in front of the insertion of the antennae, 
a spine on each side between base of antennae and apex of head, a 
spine behind base of antennae, and two discal spines between the 
area of eyes and apex, beneath compressed, convexly laminate ; 
antennae with the first and second joints short, globose, second 
slightly shorter than first and not quite reaching apex of head, 
third joint long and slender, about three times as long as fourth ; 
pronotum nearly twice as broad at base as centrally long, the anterior 
margin punctately impressed, the lateral margins areolate, the disk 
tricarinate, the lateral margins a little roundly sinuate, the anterior 
margin moderately concave, posterior margin truncate; scutellum 
about as broad as long, strongly centrally longitudinally carinate, 
the lateral margins straightly oblique ; elytra considerably longer 
than the abdomen, the margins moderately rounded, the discoidal 
area granulose, subcostal and costal areas areolate, the costal more 
prominently areolate and, except at apex, a little wider than the 
subcostal ; legs moderate in size and length. 

2875. Malala bullions, 8p . n. 

Head piceous, beneath laminately compressed and areolate; 
antennae with the first, second and fourth joints piceous, third 
ochraceous ; pronotum piceous, the lateral margins biareolate, the 




Fig. 48. Malala bulliens. 

interior of the areolets whitish; anterior margin whitish with a 
series of punctate impressions ; scutellum pale brownish ochra- 
ceous ; elytra with the discoidal areas fuscous brown, the subcostal 
and costal areas palely fuscously areolate, the interior of the 



102 APPENDIX. TING1DIDJE. 

areolets whitish ; head and abdomen beneath piceous, the sternum 
ochraceous ; legs with the femora piceous, the tibiae and tarsi 
ochraceous ; anterior margin of prosternum whitish with a series 
of dark punctate impressions ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Peradeniya (E. E. Green). 

Swept from short grass (Green). 



Genus PHATNOMA. (Vol. II, p. 126.) 

2876. Phatnoma costalis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belq. liii. p. 113 
(1909). 

Pale brownish ochraceous, the lateral areas of the pronotum 
and the costal, subcostal, and sutural areas of the elytra greyish ; 
a small linear black spot in the discoidal area and a similar spot 
near the apex of sutural area; body beneath and legs reddish 
brown ; antennae with the third joint very long, apical joint piceous 
at apex ; pronotum tricarinate, the lateral areas greyish with the 
margins of the areolets brownish, the lateral margins ampliated 




Fig. 49. Phatnoma costalis. 

and produced in two strong stout spines ; costal area of the elytra 
with small brown margined areolets, a piceous undulated line near 
its inner margin and small piceous spots on its outer margin, the 
subcostal and discoidal areas with distinct pale transverse raised 
lines. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). 

Allied to P. laciniata, Eieb. (vol. ii, p. 126), from which it differs 
in the longer antennae, the more porrectly spinous head, the differ- 
ently carinated pronotum, and above all by the very distinct costal 
area of the elytra. 



ABDA8TARTUS. 103 



Genus ABDASTARTUS, nov. 

Type, A. tyrianus, Dist. 

Distibution. At present only received from Bengal. 

Head broad, large, subquadrate, two central slightly curved 
longitudinal ridges, the apices of which slightly project in front as 
short spines, two long porrect spines between, the basal joints of 
the antennae, and a short curved spine on each side slightly behind 
and above the insertion of each antenna ; antennae with the first 
and second joints moderately thickened, first a little longer than 
second, remaining joints mutilated in specimens now before me ; 
pronotum large, without an anterior hood, centrally moderately 
tranversely gibbously raised and completely covering scutellum, 
the anterior lateral margins laminately carinate, the disk tricarinate, 
the central carination straight and continuous, the lateral cari- 
nations shorter, a little curved, not reaching the anterior margin ; 
elytra long, narrow, the costal margin sinuately waved, narrowest 
at base and gradually widened towards apex, the apical margin 
rounded, the discoidal area short, broad, subovate, narrowed 
anteriorly and posteriorly, the subcostal area a little broader than 
the costal area, the sutural area large and occupying more than 
half of the elytra, the costal area complete, opaque, remaining 
areas areolate ; the areolets of the subcostal area small, those of the 
discoidal area larger, and those of the sutural area largest; legs 
moderately long and slender. 

This description is based on several specimens kindly sent me 
by Mr. Maxwell Lefroy, but which unfortunately became more or 
less mutilated in transit, the antennae in all being deficient beyond 
the first and second joints. It thus becomes difficult to locate the 
genus precisely in the method pursued in this Indian enumeration, 
though it is probable that in placing it after Phatnoma no con- 
siderable error will have been committed. 



2877. Abdastartus tyrianus, sp. n. 

Head pitchy brown, the spines stramineous ; first and second 
joints of antennae stramineous (remainder mutilated in specimens 
now before me) ; pronotum castaneous brown, the anterior and 
posterior areas piceous, the carinations stramineous ; body beneath 
dull ochraceous brown, the legs and laminate process on underside 
of head stramineous ; elytra dull pale brownish, semihyaline, 
areolate, the margins of the areolets piceous, the costal area 
stramineous with large black spots, the sutural area with obscure 
greyish white spots towards the apex ; wings hyaline, the veins 
piceous, the apical area fuscous ; anterior area of pronotum with 
three transverse ridges, the longitudinal carinations almost straight, 
the sublateral carinations commencing at the lower transverse 



104 APPENDIX. TINGIDID^E. 

ridge, the central carination continuous from base to apex, the disk 
punctate, the posterior area granulose, the anterior lateral margins 




Fig. 50. Abdastartus tyrianus. 

stramineous and laminately carinate ; apices of the tarsi blackish ; 
abdomen above dull pale brownish. 

Length excl. elytra 3 millim. ; exp. elytra 5| millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). 



Genus RECAREDUS. 
Recaredus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Eelg. liii, p. 361 (1909). 

Type, E. rex, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Bengal. 

Head distinctly produced and deflected between the bases of the 
antennae, and also with a distinct lateral curved robust spine 
between the antennae and eyes, basal margin moderately concave ; 
eyes transversely rounded; antennae robust and pilose, the two 
basal joints short and robust, second shorter than first, third about 
twice as long as fourth ; rostrum extending slightly beyond the 
posterior coxae ; pronotum with a small vesicle or hood which does 
not extend beyond base of head, and is convex and areolate, lateral 
pronotal margins strongly convex and bi-areolate, the disk with 
three central longitudinal carinations, the central one straight, 
the lateral ones slightly curved, the posterior margin centrally 
subangularly sinuate; scutellum exposed, subtriangular, areolate, 
centrally longitudinally strongly ridged; elytra with the lateral 
margins nearly straight, subparallel, convexly rounded at apices, 
costal area bi-areolate, discoidal and subcostal areas thickly but 
somewhat smally areolate ; sutural area with the areolets as large 
as those on costal area ; legs slender. 



COMPSEUTA. 105 

This genus, apart from the structure of the head, has a con- 
siderable resemblance to Acatypta, Westw., a Palsearctic genus; 
in this Indian enumeration it may be placed after Phatnoma and 
probably requires a divisional separation. 

2878. Eecaredus rex, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 361 (1909). 

Pale fuscous brown, the interior of the areolets on pronotal 
vesicle, lateral pronotal margins, scutellum, and costal and sutural 
areas of the elytra, greyish white ; eyes and antennae piceous, the 




Fig. 51. Eecaredus rex. 



latter thickly, strongly and brownly pilose ; body beneath and 
legs castaneous ; elytra longly passing the abdominal apex ; other 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hal. W. Bengal; Paresnatb, 4000 to 4400 feet (Annandak, 
Ind. Mm.). 

Dr. Annandale discovered a single specimen of this interesting 
genus and species. 



Genus COMPSEUTA. 
(To follow Eteoneus, Vol. II, p. 129.) 

Monanthia, subgen. Compseuta, St&l, En. Hem. iii, p. 133 (1873). 
Compseuta, Dist. Tr. S. Afric. Philos. Soc. xiv, p. 433 (1904). 

Type, 0. ornatella, Stll, a South African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Antennas slender, pilose, first and second joints short, in- 
crassate, second a little shorter than first, third very long, fourth 
about as long as first and second together; head short, transverse; 
eyes not separated from anterior margin of pronotum ; pronotum 
with the anterior margin truncate, the anterior angles shortly 
angulate or spinous, somewhat broadly roundly laterally ampliate, 
longitudinally tricarinate, the central carination procurrent and 



106 



APPENDIX. TIXGIDID^E. 



straight, the lateral carinations sinuate and not reaching the 
anterior margin, before which the surface is shortly transversely 
foveately depressed on each side of the central carination ; elytra 
with the costal area ampliated a little behind middle, the subcostal 
area narrow and very strongly sinuate, all the areolets somewhat 
large and well defined ; pronotuin without an anterior vesicle or 
hood. 

Allied to Eteoneus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 129), but differing by the 
less exserted head, the eyes not separated from the anterior 
margin of the pronotum, shorter apical joint of antennae, tri- 
carinate pronotum, and narrower and more irregular costal area 
to the hernelytra. 



2879. Compseuta lefroyi, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 113 
(1909). 

Head black, antennae ochraceous with the apical joint (excluding 
base) piceous; pronotum with the anterior area (excluding anterior 
and lateral margins and the central carination) castaneous, pos- 
teriorly black, the disk ochraceous, darkly punctate, the lateral 




Fig. 52. Compseuta lefroyi. 

areas more or less shaded with castaneous ; elytra pale ochraceous, 
the margins of the areolets brownish and with a brownish 
suffusion near apex of sutural area, an irregular transverse pitchy- 
brown fascia before middle which is considerably and elongately 
enlarged on the discoidal area and is usually followed by a small 

r'; of the same colour at base of sutural area ; body beneath 
k ; the legs, anterior margin of prosternum, and coxal spots 
ochraceous. 

Length 3g millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). 



CADMILOS. 



107 



Genus CADMILOS. (To follow Galeatus, Vol. II, p. 131.) 
Cadmilos, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 113 (1909). 

Type, C. retiarius, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only received from the Punjab. 

Pronotum with the lateral margins strongly and laminately 
produced, a little directed upwardly, the areolets large, sub- 
quadrate, and in single series, the anterior vesicle or hood large, 
somewhat oblong, with large areolets, convexly raised and almost 
completely covering head, which has a curved spine on each side 
near eyes and two porrect spines in front ; antennae with the first 
and second joints short, incrassate, first longer than second, third 
very long, slender, hirsute, fourth longer than first and second 
together, finely hirsute, its apex distinctly thickened ; behind the 
anterior vesicle or hood the disk of the pronotum is flattened and 
subangularly dilated on each side, centrally acutely carinate, its 
posterior area areolate ; elytra hyaline, the areolets large and 
transverse, the costal area dilated, abruptly concavely truncate 
at base, widened posteriorly, the subcostal area narrow, the 
discoidal area short and broad with the areolets large and more 
irregular in shape, apices of the sutural areas broadly rounded ; 
legs somewhat long and slender, the femora slightly thickened. 

Allied to Galeatus by the single areolets to the dilated pronotal 
marginal areas, and principally differing from that genus by the 
structure of the pronotum and the basally concavely-truncate 
costal areas of the elytra. 

2880. Cadmilos retiarius, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 114 
(1909). 




Fig. 53. Cadmilos retiarius. 

Pale hyaline ; anterior pronotal vesicle, antennae, disk of pro- 
notum on each side of the medial carination, discoidal area of the 



108 APPENDIX. TINGIDIDJE. 

elytra (reflecting the dark abdomen beneath), and the legs more 
or less brownish ochraceous ; body beneath black ; antennae with 
the third and the base of the fourth joint paler and more ochra- 
ceous in hue ; disk of pronotum more fuscous than brownish 
ochraceous, the margins and the central carinations greyish white, 
the disk and lateral marginal areas more or less coarsely punctate ; 
subcostal area of elytra with a slight brownish suffusion near apex 
of discoidal area ; apices of femora slightly infuscate. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hob. Punjab ; Lahore (Ind. Mus. 6? Coll. Dist.). 

" Common on chrysanthemums " (Annandale). 



Genus STEPHANITIS, to replace Cadanmstus. (Vol. II, p. 132.) 

Stephanitis, St&l, En. Hem. iii, pp. 119 & 123 (1873) ; id. Ofv. 

Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1874, p. 53; Horv. Ent. Month. Mag. 3906, 

p. 34. 

Cadamustus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xlvii, p. 47 (1903). 
Maecenas, Kirk. Entomologist, 1904, p. 280. 

I had followed Champion who had (Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 
1898, p. 58) fixed the type of Stephanitis as the Neotropical 
species S. mitrata, Still, which caused me to propose the genus 
Cadamustus for the Indian species. Subsequently Kirkaldy, for 
similar reasons, proposed a genus Maecenas for a similar purpose, 
as regards two Palaearctic species. Since then Horvath has shown 
that St,l had restricted the genus to the Palaearctic species, and 
that a new genus was required for the Neotropical ones, thus 
leaving Stephanitis available for the Palaearctic and Oriental 
representatives . 

STEPHANITTS TTPICUS. 
Cadamustus typicus, Dist. (Vol. II, p. 132.) 

Eecently received from Calcutta, where it is found on the 
leaves of the " Plantain " (Musa). 
Philippine Islands ; Manilla (Banks). 

STEPHANITIS SUFFUSUS. 
Cadamustus suffusus, Dist. (Vol. II, p. 133.) 

2881. Stephanitis gallarum, Horv. Ent. Month. May. 1906, p. 33. 

" Anterior vesicle and marginal membrane of the pronotum 
and the elytra hyaline, whitely reticulate, moderately clothed with 
short erect griseous pile ; head black, bucculae white, almost 
everywhere equally high and projecting anteriorly a little beyond 
the apex of the tylus ; antennae flavo-testaceous, fourth joint black 
third joint about 2^ longer than fourth ; pronotum with the disk, 



STEPHANITIS. 109 

densely, finely punctate, fusco-castaneous, anteriorly black, the 
anterior vesicle oblong-ovate, a little elevated, scarcely extended 
before base of antennae, the discal carinations straight, parallel, 
the median carination little elevated, with the anterior vesicle 
equally high, areolets uniseriate, the two lateral carinations very 
distinct, but not areolate, and extended forwards as far as au 
imaginary transverse line drawn through the posterior end of the 
anterior vesicle ; marginal membrane broadly dilated, irregularly 
triseriately areolate, apically broadened, outwardly slightly arcuate, 
anteriorly obliquely truncate and moderately produced, apical 
external angle rounded; posterior process with the base black, 
apex hyaline, areolate ; elytra much longer and broader than the 
abdomen, just before the middle a transverse subinterrupted 
fascia, before apex an oblique suffusion, near sutural margin an 
abbreviated stripe and behind the apex of the discoidal area a 
subtriangular spot, all these markings blackish fuscous and more 
or less confluent, discoidal vesicle a little elevated, costal mem- 
brane broad, base biseriately, afterwards triseriately, at costal 
sinus quadriseriately and before apex triseriately areolate; body 
beneath black, posterior edges of pectoral segments brown, anterior 
margin of the prosternum, sternal carina, and legs flavous- 
testaceous, apices of tarsi blackish." (Horvdth.) 

" Length c? & $ excl. elytr. 3 ; incl. elytr. 4| millira." 

Hab. Bengal ; Kurseong (Haas, fide Horvdth). 

" Differs from the other species of Stephanitis by the less 
developed pronotal hood and by the little elevated median carina 
of the pronotum, the two lateral carinae being long and much 
produced forwards. Very common on the galls of Machilus 
gamblei." 

2882. Stephanitis sordidus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 114 
(1909). 

Pale sordidly hyaline ; body beneath dark brownish ; legs pale 
ochraceous ; pronotal vesicle or hood elongate, completely covering 
head and projecting slightly beyond it ; lateral pronotal dilated 
areas longer than broad but outwardly rounded, exhibiting four 
series of areolets ; median pronotal carination raised, compressed, 
snbconvex and areolate ; elytra with the margins of the areolets 
pale brown. 

From S. gallarum, Horv., this species is at once separated by 
the strongly developed pronotal hood ; from S. typicus, Dist., 
by the less developed lateral pronotal areas and their smaller and 
less elongate outer areolets, the more distinct, somewhat smaller 
and more regular areolets of the costal margin, and the sordid and 
not pale hyaline coloration : from S. suffusus, Dist., it is to be 
distinguished by the absence of the dark fasciae to the elytra, the 
less elevated and more elongated median carination to the pro- 
notum, and also by the more evenly rounded and less produced 
pronotal lateral areas. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hab. Tenasserim ; Mergui (Coll. Dist.). 



110 APPENDIX. TINGIDID^E. 

Genus DULINIUS. (Vol. II, p. 133.) 

DULIKIUS CONCHATUS. (Vol. II, p. 133.) 

I was previously only able to give the habitat of Ceylon for 
this species. Dr. Annandale has since sent me specimens which 
he collected at Balighai near Puri, Orissa, where it was found 
breeding on the underside of leaves of Morinda sp. 

Genus ILDEFONSUS, nov. 

Type, /. provorsus, Dist. 

Distribution. Only known at present from the E. Himalayas. 

Pronotal hood covering the head, globose, areolate ; antennae 
robust, longly pilose, first and second joints short, incrassate, 
almost subequal in length, third joint about twice as long as 
fourth, which is longer than first and second joints together ; 
pronotum with the lateral margins laminately produced, areolate, 
reflexed and moderately concave, the disk tricarinate, apex entirely 
covering scutellum ; head beneath with a central laminate, areolate 
process ; elytra hyaline, much longer but not twice as long as the 
abdomen, arched and dilated from near base, the costal area wide, 
the subcostal area very narrow and distinct with the areolets much 
smaller than on other parts of the elytral surface ; legs of moderate 
length and slender. 

This genus by the character of the pronotal hood, which 
completely covers the head, is allied to the genera Galeatus, 
Stephanitis, and DuHnius, and in this enumeration may be placed 
as following the last named genus (vol. ii, p. 133) ; from all of them, 
however, it is to be distinguished by the very distinct but narrow 
subcostal area. 



2883. Ildefonsus provorsus, sp. n. 

Antennae black, pilose ; head beneath and body black ; legs 
pitchy brown, tibiae (excluding basal areas) more ochraceous 
brown ; laminate process to head beneath, hyaline areolate, the 
margins of the areolets piceous ; pronotal hood pale dull ochraceous, 
opaque, areolate, the margins of the areolets piceous ; pronotnm 
with the disk black, the three carinations pale brownish, the 
produced lateral margins hyaline, areolate, slightly suffused with 
fuscous, the margins of the areolets piceous ; elytra hyaline, 
areolate, somewhat distinctly suffused with fuscous near base and 
less distinctly so on apical area, the margins of the areolets 
piceous, and the margins of the narrow subcostal area also of the 
same colour ; the dilated lateral pronotal areas are moderately 



MOKANNA. Ill 

concave, their anterior margins subtruncate, their outer margins 
moderately convex, a little subangulate behind middle ; other 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 




Fig. 54. Ildefonsus provorsus. 

Length incl. elytra 3| millim. 

Hub. E. Himalayas ; G-hoom, 7500 ft. (Ind. Mus.). 



Genus MOKANNA, nov. 

Type, M. princeps, Dist. 

Distribution. Received from Trichinopoly. 

Pronotal hood covering the head, elongate, narrowed anteriorly, 
areolate, centrally longitudinally carinate ; antennae slender, 
elongate, first joint about half the length of pronotal hood, 
second about half the length of first, third very long, as long as 
pronotum and hood together, fourth joint about as long as first and 
second together ; pronotum with the lateral margins laminately 
produced, areolate, horizontal, anterior and lateral margins 
obliquely truncate, anterior angle subacute, posterior angle 
rounded, the disk centrally longitudinally carinate and with a 
short curved carinate line near each lateral margin of the anterior 
area which is convex, its apex triangular and covering the scutellum ; 
apex of head beneath the pronotal hood with two distinct porrect 
spines ; the elytra are twice as long as the abdomen, arched and 
dilated from near base, the costal area wide, hyaline, largely 
areolate, widened posteriorly, the subcostal area convex, narrow 
and opaque, the discoidal area short and broad, about half the 
length of costal area, opaque, areolate, apices of the sutural 
areas broadly rounded ; legs somewhat long and slender, the 
femora slightly thickened ; rostrum unseen in carded typical 
specimens. 



112 APPENDIX. TINGIDID.E. 

2884. Mokanna princeps, sp. n. 

Antennas ochraceous, fourth joint (excluding base) black ; head 
beneath and body black ; legs pale ochraceous ; pronotal hood 
ochraceous, the margins of the areolets a little darker, anterior 
convex disk of pronotum piceous, with the carinations, the posterior 
area and the dilated margins pale ochraceous, the margins of the 




Fig. 55. Mokanna princeps 

areolets a little darker ; elytra pale ochraceous hyaline, the margins 
of the areolets darker, the subcostal and discoidal areas piceous 
with the margins of the areolets paler and more ochraceous in hue, 
the areolets at the margins of the costal and sutural areas more 
distinctly transverse and slightly smaller in size ; other structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length incl. elytra 4 millim. 

Hob. Trichinopoly (Dubreuil). 

My thanks are due to Dr. Montandon for kindly presenting me 
with two specimens of this species. 

Genus URENTIUS. (Vol. II, p. 134.*) 

2885. Urentius olivaceus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. ela. liii, p. 115 
(1909). 

Pale olivaceous ; body beneath very dark oh' vaceous ; antennae 
black (apical joint mutilated in typical specimen) ; femora black 
with their apices ochraceous ; tibiae ochraceous with their apices 
black ; tarsi black with their bases ochraceous ; head with three 
long frontal spines ; antennae setose ; pronotum with the anterior 
vesicle or hood almost covering head, its disk strongly irregularly 



* Horvath (Ann. Mus. Hung, vii, p. 632, 1909), states that Urentius (vol. ii, 
p. \3$) = Ayrerus (vol. ii, p. 140). As, however, the first named possesses a 
pronotal hood partly or almost covering the head, and Ayrerus has a totally 
uncovered head, I cannot accept the proposed correction. 



tJKENIIUS. 113 

carinate, enclosing two anterior and two lateral foveate areas, the 
lateral margins somewhat concavely sinuate and strongly spined ; 
elytra nearly straight, very slightly obliquely narrowed posteriorly, 
with the discoidal areas finely granulate and moderately discally 
obliquely foveate, the sutural areas hyaline and with the areolets 
very distinct. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hal. Ceylon (Staniforth Green). 

Allied to U. echinus, Dist., by the concavely sinuate lateral mar- 
gins of the pronotum, but separated by the different colour of the 
body, elytra, legs and antennae, the less posteriorly narrowed 
elytra, and by the more hyaline sutural areas to the same. 

Mr. 8. Green presented me with a single specimen of this 
species. 



2886. Urentius sentis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 115 (1909). 

Pale ochraceous, the areolets of the elytral costal areas hyaline ; 
antennae in the typical specimen described, mutilated ; eyes 
carmine-red ; body beneath blackish, the disk paler (imperfectly 
seen in carded specimen) ; head with three long frontal spines ; 
pronotum with the anterior vesicle or hood almost covering head, 
its disk strongly irregularly carinate, enclosing two anterior and 




Fig. 56. Urentius sentis* 



two lateral foveate areas, the lateral margins somewhat convexly 
sinuate and strongly spined ; elytra a little obliquely narrowed 
posteriorly, with the discoidal and sutural areas finely granulate 
their margins strongly spinous ; each discoidal area with a large 
discal fbveation the margins of which are prominently ridged. 

VOL. V. I 



114 APPENDIX. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hab. Bombay; Surat (Coll. Dist.). 

Allied to U* echinus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 134) but differing in the 
lateral margins of the pronotum which are more convexly sinuate, 
in U. echinus they are more concavely sinuate ; the foveations 
to the discoidal areas are larger, more profound, and with their 
margins more prominently ridged. 



2887. Urentius euonymus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 116 
(1909). 

Above, with the antennae and legs pale ochraceous, body beneath 
black ; apical joint of antennae a little darker than the other joints ; 
eves carmine-red ; tarsal claws black ; head with three long 
frontal spines ; antennae setose, the apical joint somewhat pro- 
minently globose ; pronotum with the anterior vesicle or hood 
almost covering head, its disk strongly irregularly carinate, 




Fig. 57. Urentius euonymus. 

enclosing an anterior oblong foveation centrally carinately divided, 
and a posterior transverse foveation on each side of posterior 
lateral areas, the lateral margins posteriorly sinuate and strongly 
spinose ; elytra obliquely narrowed to apex, the subcostal area 



Length 2 millim. 
Hab. Ceylon ; Batticaloa (Green). 

This species differs from all others at present described in the 
genus by the opaque subcostal area, thus giving the appearance of 



BELENTJS. 115 

one instead of two lateral series of areolets ; its smaller size also 
distinguishes it, as well as the structure of the pronotum. 



Genus PHYLLONTOCHILA. (Vol. II, p. 135.) 
PHYLLONTOCHILA BAVANA. (Vol. II, p. 136.) 

This species was described and received from Ceylon. It has 
since been sent from Calcutta. 

Genus AMMIANUS. (Vol. II, p. 136.) 

Horvath (Ann. Mus. Hung, vii, p. 632, 1909) states that 
Ammianus = Phyllontochila, Fieb. The type of Phyllontochila is 
P. ampliata, Fieb., which the describer figured (Ent. Monogr. 
t. v, f. 10). The type of Ammianus is A. erosus, Fieb., also figured 
(t. vi, f. 5). If generic differences are sometimes strained, I think 
that most entomologists would agree that these two typical figures 
cannot represent the same genus. Horvath subsequently (Sjostedt's 
Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedit. 12, p. 63, 1910) treats Ammianus as 
a distinct subgenus of Fieber's genus under the division of 
" Subg. Phyllontochila, s. str." ; this latter course apparently 
disposes of his first contention, but I regret being unable to 
unravel this proposed arrangement. 

Genus BELENUS.* 
(To follow Phyllontochila, Vol. II, p. 135.) 

Belenus, Diet. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 116 (1909). 
Phyllontochila, St8l, En. Hem. iii, p. 128, Sect, aa (1873). 
Sakuntala, Horv. (nee Kirk.) Sjdstedfs Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedit. 
12, p. 62 (1910). 

Type, B. dentatus, Fieb. 

Distribution. British India ; Borneo. 

Differs from Phyllontochila by the strongly and widely dilated 
pronotum, the elytra behind the middle gradually not abruptly 
narrowed, the costal margin more obtusely rounded, the costal 
area occupying nearly half of the width of the elytra. 

I only knew the P. dentata, Fieb., when previously enumerating 
the Tingididse, by Fieber's figure. Since then I have procured 

* Horvath (Ann. Mus. Hung, vii, p. 632, 1909), states that Belenus= Sakun- 
tala, Kirk., the type of which is given as 8. ravana, Kirk. This species under 
the genus Phyllontochila I have previously figured (vol. ii, p. 136, f. 99). I 
can only again refer to these figures and descriptions in reply to this proposed 
correction. 

i2 



116 APPENDIX. TINGIDID^. 

specimens from Calcutta and Borneo which enable me to propose 




Fig. 58.Belenus dentatus. 

a new genus for it, as indicated by Stal in his sectional enume- 
ration. 

BELENUS DENTATUS. 

Phyllontochila dentate. (Vol. II, p. 136.) 
Hob. Add: Calcutta (Coll. Digt.\ Borneo; Baram (Coll Dist.\ 



2888. Belenus angulatus, Dist.Ann.Soc, 



7. liii, p. 116(1909). 



Head, pronotum (excluding lateral prolongations) and discoidal 
and subcostal areas of elytra greyish brown, opaque ; antenna? 




Fig. 59. Beleims angulatus. 

brownish, the apical joint piceous ; eyes black, a greyish white 
line at their inner margins ; pronotum with the lateral produced 
areas hyaline, the margins of the areolets and a posterior transverse 



JANN^IUS. 117 

streak greyish brown ; elytra with the discoidal and subcostal 
areas with short transverse fuscous brown lines, the costal area 
hyaline with the margins of the areolets, a transverse fascia before 
middle and an oblique fascia near apex, fuscous brown ; body 
beneath and legs brownish ; pronotum with the hood compressed, 
wedge-shaped, covering base of head, the disk tricarinate, the 
central carination straight, extending from the vesicle to apex, 
the lateral carinations short and slightly curved, the apical margin 
greyish ; the lateral produced areas broad, a little directed 
upwardly and with their apices distinctly triangularly spinous ; 
elytra with the costal margin convex, the costal area a little 
widened posteriorly. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hab. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). 

Allied to B. dentatus, Fieb., but differing by the shape and 
triangularly spined apices of the pronotal lateral areas, the shorter 
lateral carinations to the pronotum, the more regular width and 
the more convex outer margin to the costal area of the elytra. 



2889. Belenus bengalensis, List. Ann. Soc. Ent. Selg. liii. p. 117 
(1909). 

Above somewhat uniformly fuscous brown, the produced lateral 
pronotal areas and costal and sutural areas to the elytra with the 
interior of the somewhat large areolets greyish white ; antennae 
fuscous brown, the apical joint mutilated in the two specimens 
now before me ; elytra with an obscure transverse fuscous brown 
spot before middle and a more oblique and more obscure spot near 
apex, the margins of the discoidal and subcostal areas prominent 
and dark brown ; body beneath dark fuscous brown ; the legs with 
the femora fuscous brown and the tibiae brownish ochraceous ; 
the produced pronotal lateral areas resembling those of B. angulatus 
but with their apices a little less angularly spinous ; pronotum 
very similarly tricarinate as in that species ; elytra with the 
discoidal and subcostal areas densely covered with small areolets 
the interior of which are greyish white. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Muzaffarpur (Ind. Mus. $ Coll. Dist.*). 

Resembling B. angulatus, Dist., but darker in hue and with 
the costal area of the elytra distinctly narrower than in that 
species, the lateral produced pronotal areas less prominently 
triangularly spinous. 

Genus JANNJEUS. 
(To follow Celantia, Vol. II, p. 137.) 
Jannaeus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Selg. liii, p. 118 (1909). 

Type, J. cuneatus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Bengal. 



118 APPENDIX. TINGIDID.E. 

Head considerably covered by the pronotal vesicle or hood 
and with two frontal spines ; antennae robust, spinulose, first and 
second joints robust, first short, only slightly projecting beyond 
head, second longer than first, third longest, fourth longer than 
first and second together ; pronotum with the anterior vesicle or 
hood strongly raised and compressed, the lateral areas strongly 
and a little upwardly produced, their anterior margins truncate, 
their lateral margins oblique, their apices obtusely acute, the disk 
strongly tricarinate; elytra with the discoidal area moderately 
short and broad, its margins strongly ridged, subcostal and costal 
areas somewhat narrow and almost equal in breadth, sutural area 
long and broad, its apical margin subtruncate. 

Allied to the genus Celantia but differing by the relative lengths 
of the first and second joints of the antennae, and the much 
shorter and more robust antennae, the structure of the pro- 
notum, etc. 



2890. Jannaeus cnneatus, Diet. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 118 (1909). 

Body above dull greyish ; upper margin of the vesicle or hood, 
apices of the produced lateral areas, a transversely oblique spot on 
costal margin before middle and which extends to the discoidal area. 




Fig. 60. JannceHS cuneatus. 



and an obliquely curved fascia on each sutural area, fuscous brown ; 
margins of the pronotal lateral areas and the discal carinations, 
and margins of the discoidal area whitish ; body beneath and legs 
very pale brownish ochraceous ; apex of abdomen piceous ; an- 
tennae very pale brownish ochraceous, longly spiuulose ; margins 
of the lateral pronotal areas spinose, lateral pronotal carinations. 
sinuate; elytra with the discoidal area punctate, its margin 



BREDENBACHIUS. 119 

prominent and levigate, subcostal and costal areas hyaline with 
transverse areolets the margins of which are brownish, subural 
areas with the areolets of different size, the smaller near base, the 
larger near apex ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hob. North Bengal (Coll. Dist.). 



Genus BREDENBACHIUS. (Vol. II, p. 139.) 

2891. Bredenbachius consanguinens, Dint. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. I'm 

p. 118 (1909). 

Head dark testaceous ; antennae ochraceous, the apical joint 
dark testaceous ; pronotum dark testaceous, the anterior thirds of 
the lateral globose areas, the central longitudinal carinse and the 
apical area stramineous, a central longitudinal stramineous spot 
at anterior margin ; elytra stramineous, disk of discoidal area 
(excluding apex) iufuscated, costal area with transverse fuscouu 
linear spots, sutural area infuscate, the areolets piceous, pale at 
base and near apex ; body beneath castaneous, margins of sternum 
and abdomen, and the legs ochraceous, the margins of the abdo- 
men finely spotted with castaueous ; pronotum with three central 
carinse, the median one procurrent and straight, the two lateral 
carinae commencing from inner margins of lateral globose areas 
and deflected towards posterior apical margins, thus giving the 
prolongation a scutellate appearance, the disk coarsely punctate, 
the lateral areas foveately reticulate ; elytra reticulate, the 
areolets distinct, those on the costal membrane transversely 
quadrate. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). 

Allied to B. pictus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 140) by the deflected lateral 
carinae to the pronotum, but differing from that species in the more 
acute pronotal apex ; the costal area is more darkly transversely 
spotted, the body is narrower and more elongate, the colour is 
different, and the central stramineous longitudinal spot at anterior 
margin of pronotum is distinct. 

2892. Bredenbachius delineatus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 

p. 119 (1909). 

Head black with griseous longitudinal lines ; antennae piceous 
brown, the apical joint piceous ; pronotum black, its lateral and 
apical areas, and central longitudinal carinae ochraceous, a large 
spot at anterior margin more testaceous ; elytra pale ochraceous, 
the discoidal area and the basal halves of costal and subcostal 
areas more or less fuscous brown, sutural area ochraceous with the 



120 - APPENDIX. TINGIDID^I. 

interior of the cells fuscous brown ; body beneath dull black, 
legs pale fuscous ; pronotum with three central nearly straight 
carinss, the central one procurrent, the two lateral carinae com- 
mencing from inner margins of the lateral globose areas, the disk 




Fig. 61. Bredenbachius delineatus. 

coarsely punctate, the lateral areas foveately reticulate ; elytra 
reticulate, the areolets distinct, the costal area well defined and 
with numerous distinct transverse veins. 

Length 4J millim. 

Hah. Calcutta (Ind. Mus. & Coll. Dist.). 

To be separated from B. pictus apart from minor differences, by 
the straight longitudinal carinae to the pronotum. 



2893. Bredenbachius annandalei, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 
p. 119 (1909). 

Head piceous, griseously tonientose, the inner margins of the 
eyes greyish; antenna testaceous, the apical joint (excluding base) 
black; pronotum ochraceous with two small central transverse 
black spots on anterior area, situate one on each side of the central 
carination ; elytra ochraceous, the discoidal area very slightly 
suffused with fuscous on its anterior inner margin, and some of 
the areolets on sutural area also fuscous, apices of discoidal and 
sutural areas and spots to costal area greyish white ; head beneath 
and sternum ochraceous, the latter with some black discal spots ; 
abdomen beneath piceous with lateral black segmental spots ; legs 
testaceous, the tarsi black ; pronotum with three nearly straight 
longitudinal carinae arranged as in B. delineatus, the disk coarsely 
punctate, the lateral areas foveately reticulate ; elytra reticulate, 



BBEDENBACHIUS. 121 

the areolets distinct, those on the costal membrane transversely 
quadrate. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hub. Calcutta. 

Allied to B. delineatus by the straight pronotal carinations, but 
easily separated by the distinct colour and markings, especially by 
the two black spots to the pronotum. 

2894. Bredenbachius humeralis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. liii, 
p. 120 (1909). 

Head above greyish white, the central lobe and spine in front 
of each eye very pale ochraceous ; eyes black ; antennae with the 
first, second and fourth joints castaneous brown, third joint 
ochraceous ; pronotum sordidly greyish, the lateral areas and 
coarse punctures between the longitudinal striations to its poste- 
rior area pale castaneous, on the greyish anterior area are two 
irregularly defined dark spots; elytra sordidly greyish, inner 




Fig. 62. 'Bredenbachius humeralis. 

margins of the discoidal area, a central outer spot or suffusion to 
discoidal area extending through subcostal area, apex of discoidal 
area, and a small spot near upper apex of sutural area pale 
castaneous ; abdomen beneath castaneous brown ; sternum sor- 
didly greyish ; femora castaneous, the tibiae and tarsi ochraceous, 
apices of the latter castaneous ; head with the apex of the central 
lobe appearing as a short produced spine between the bases of the 
antennaB ; pronotum with the anterior vesicle or hood short, 
compressed, the lateral areas gibbous, directed upwardly and a 
little outwardly, their areolets large with their margins very 



122 



APPENDIX. TINGHDID^E. 



prominent, the longitudinal carinations robust and strongly raised ; 
elytral areolets somewhat small and regular in size and shape. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. United Provinces ; Dhikala, Naini Tal (Ind. Mus.}. 

This species is to be principally distinguished by the gibbous 
lateral areas of the pronotum. 



Genus ELASMOGNATHUS. (Vol. II, p. 141.) 

2895. Elasmognathus nepalensis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 
p. 120 (1909). 

Pitchy-black ; antennae and legs brownish ochraceous, antennae 
with the basal joint and the apical joint (excluding extreme base), 
extreme apices of the tibia? and the tarsi piceous black ; costal 
area of the elytra greyish white with the margins of the areolets 
pitchy-black, and some similar markings on apical margin ; lateral 
and apical margins of head a little paler in hue ; pronotum with 
the lateral areas very longly, forwardly and a little upwardly pro- 
duced, their apices broadened and subglobose with the areolets 




Fig. 63. Elasmognathus nepalensis. 

rounded, from thence to base the areolets are longitudinal, the disk 
tricarinate, the central carination straight, extending throughout 
its entire length, the lateral carinations curved, all the carinations, 
the anterior margin and the apex a little paler in hue ; elytra 
broadened posteriorly, the sutural area very large and apically 
subtruncate, the costal margin sinuate, the discoidal and subcostal 
areas coarsely punctate, the areolets of the sutural area somewhat 
large and irregular in size. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hab. Nepal ; Thamaspur (Ind. Mus.}. 



MONANTHIA. 

Genus TELEONEMIA. (Vol. II, p. 142.) 



123 



2896. Teleonemia marginata, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii. p. 121 
(1909). 

Pale brownish ochraceous ; apical joint of antennae black, the 
first and second joints castaneous ; eyes and two small spots 
between them, black ; pronotum with the lateral areas paler and 
very coarsely darkly punctate ; elytra with the apical half of 
costal area and apex of sutural area much paler in hue ; body 
beneath and legs brownish ochraceous, sternum and head beneath 
greyishly tomentose ; femora (excluding apices) pale castaneous ; 




Fig. 64. Teleonemia marginata. 

pronotum tricarinate,the central carination straight andprocurrent, 
the lateral carination s a little bent inwardly, the lateral areas 
broad and coarsely punctate ; elytra with the discoidal area 
coarsely punctate, the subcostal and costal areas more finely punc- 
tate, the sutural area with numerous strongly margined areolets. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Assam ; Margherita. 

This species is to be distinguished by the broad or dilated, deeply 
punctured, lateral areas of the pronotum ; it also differs from 
T. assamensis, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 143) by the narrower and more 
elongate pronotal vesicle or hood. 



Genus MONANTHIA. (Vol. II, p. 144.) 

MONANTHIA GLOBULIFERA, Walk. (Vol. II, p. 144.) 

Monanthia (Cochlochila) bullita, Stiff, En. Hem. iii, p. 133 (1873). 
Cochlochila bullita, Horv. Ann. Mus. Hung, vii, p. 632 (1909). 

Dr. Horvath has been able to compare the type of M. bullita, 



124 APPEXDII. TINGIDID.E. 

Stal (described without a locality) with the figure given of 
Walker's species (vol. ii, p. 144, f. 107) and finds them the same. 
Walker's name must, however, take precedence as the preface 
to Pt. vi of his " Cat. Het." bears the official date : January 21st, 
1873. 

I have recently received specimens of this species from Calcutta 
where it is injurious to garden Coleus, and from Trivandrum, 
Travancore, sent to me by Dr. Annandale, where " it is common 
on English sage." 



Division AXIOKERSOSAR1A. 
Axiokersosaria, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 121 (1909). 

This division represents one of the more distinct sections of 
the Tingididae. The very long antennae and the elongate basal 
joint of same, combined with the long anterior femora and the 
small sutural areas of the elytra, are almost of more than sectional 
or divisional signification. 

Genus AXIOKERSOS. 

Axiokersos, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 121 (1909). 

Type, A. ovalis, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Calcutta. 

Antennae very long, the basal joint long, robust, longer than 
head, second joint much shorter and little more than half as long 
as first, third longer than first and second together ; head robust, 
well produced in front of eyes, antennae inserted near apex with 
a robust basal spinous tubercle ; pronotum elongate, the anterior 
margin concave, the lateral margins obliquely straight, a central 
longitudinal carination, and an obscure transverse ridge near 
middle, before anterior margin on each side of the central cari- 
nation is a small foveate depression ; elytra elongately subovate, the 
areas well denned, costal area hyaline with two series of areolets, 
subcostal area about as wide as costal area, sutural area small and 
narrow ; legs long, the anterior femora long, robust and interiorly 
obtusely dilated. 

2897. Axiokersos ovalis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent Belg. liii, p. 122 (1909). 

Above dull greyish ; head, antennae, a large impunctate spot on 
eacli side of the anterior area of pronotum, the subcostal area to 
the elytra, and the legs, ochraceous ; apex of fourth joint of 
antennae, eyes, outer margin of discoidal area of elytra and some- 
times a longitudinal streak near inner margin of same, and 
abdomen above and beneath, black ; costal area of elytra hyaline 



ALDONEU3. 125 

with the margins of the areolets brownish ; pronotum (excluding 
anterior transverse spot) finely granulose, the central carination 




Fig. 65. AxioJcersos ovalis. 

procurrent ; discoidal and subcostal areas of the elytra granulose, 
the former more distinctly so, sutural area with small areolets. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta (Lid. Mus. $ Coll. Dist.). 

Division AIDONEUSARIA. 
Aidoneusaria, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. JBelg. liii, p. 122 (1909). 

The following genus Aidoneus demarcates another division of 
the Tingididse, and is hero recognised as such by the short robust 
antennae, and the long basal joint to same. 

Genus AIDONEUS. 
Aidoneus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 122 (1909). 

Type, A. dissimilis, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only received from Bengal. 

Subovate ; antennas short, granulose, slightly stalked at bnse, 
first and second joints stout, first much longer than second, third 
longest and thickened on its basal area, fourth about as long as 
first ; head robust, the antenniferous tubercles prominent ; pro- 
notum with the anterior margin angularly concave, centrally 
carinate, unprovided with a vesicle or hood, the lateral margins 
oblique ; elytra with the discoidal area very large, costal area 
very small, scarcely half the width of subcostal area, sutural area 
ill-defined ; legs moderately short, the femora incrassate, tibiae 
slightly thickened at base. 



126 APPENDIX. TINGIDID.E. 

2898. Aidoneus dissimilis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 123 
(1909). 

Above fuscous brown ; anterior margin and apical area of pro- 
notura and base of elytra sordidly greyish ; outer margin of 
discoidal area, the subcostal area, and apex of sutural area paler 
in hue, costal area whitish with black spots ; body beneath and 
legs black, the tibiae stramineous ; pronotum very coarsely and 
somewhat sparingly punctate ; elytra with the discoidal area finely 




Fig. 66. Aidoneus dissimilis. 

granulose and with widely reticulate slightly raised black lines, 
subcostal area with irregular transverse black lines, sutural 
area ill-defined but with dense small areolets ; femora somewhat 
rugulose ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 2 millim. 

Hab. Bengal (Coll. Dist.). 

Species of uncertain position and identity. 
CYSTEOCHILA TAPROBANES, Kirk. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1908, p. 12. 

" Broader and less elongate than typical Cysteochila ; the 
discoidal area does not reach nearly to the apex of the abdomen 
and is more rounded internally ; pale yellow ; first, second, and 
fourth joints of antennae, legs, abdomen beneath &c., brownish 
yellow ; tegmina across discoidal area to the exterolateral margins, 
and on apical fifth, lightly marked with fuscous ; eyes, meso- and 
metasterna black." (KirTcaldy.) 

" Length 3| millim." 

Hab. Ceylon ; Galle (fide KirTcaUy.) 

The above description may indicate a new species, but does not 
allow of generic or specific identification. 



PHTMATIDJ5. 127 



Family PHYMATIDJE. (Vol. II, p. 146.) 

To this small family only two more species can now be added. 
Doubtless other species will be found by collectors ; in the 
Ethiopian Region the first two have only recently been described. 

Genus GLOSSOPELTA. (Vol. II, p. 150.) 

2899. Glossopelta dudgeoni, Dist. Entomologist, xxxvii, p. 277 (1904). 
Black ; anterior lateral margins of pronotum, connexivum, a 

longitudinal spot on each side of head beneath, rostrum, sternum 
(excluding lateral angles), abdomen and legs stramineous ; head 
granulose, area of the ocelli and the eyes castaneous ; antennae 
with the first joint robust, granulose, almost as long as second 
and third joints together, second and third joints short, more 
slender than the other joints, snbequal in length and attenuated 
at their bases, fourth joint incrassate, pyriform, with its base 
castaneous, and longer than second and third together ; pronotum 
with the anterior lobe finely and sparingly granulose, the posterior 
lobe very coarsely punctate with two discal ridges commencing on 
posterior margin of anterior lobe, anterior lateral margins strongly 
crenulate, posterior angles produced, their apices broadly concavely 
truncate ; scutellum very finely densely and obscurely punctate 
and with a central longitudinal raised line ; connexivum broadly 
and convexly produced to second segment and then sinuately 
narrowed to its apex. 

Length 10 millim. ; exp. pronot. angl. 4 millim. 

Hal. Kangra Valley, 4,500 ft. (Dudgeon, Coll. Dist.). 

Allied to G. truncata, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 150) by the truncate 
posterior angles to the pronotum, but these in G. dudgeoni are 
more produced and outwardly concavely sinuate ; the scutellum 
is less sinuate near base, and the colour is also of a very distinctive 
character. 

2900. Glossopelta lineolata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 496 

(1909). 

Body above black ; pronotum with the anterior lateral margins, 
a transverse fascia (medially interrupted) between the humeral 
angles, the discal carination, and a small darkly punctate spot at 
base, ochraceous ; scutellum with a central longitudinal line and 
some macular suffusions on the apical half ochraceous ; con- 
nexivum, body beneath, legs and rostrum pale ochraceous ; head 
beneath black ; antennae brownish ochraceous, basal joint (ex- 
cluding apex) and apex of apical joint black ; membrane, as seen 
on each side of apical half of scutellum, violaceous ; corium, as 
seen on each side of basal half of scutellum, black, posteriorly 
outwardly ochraceous ; anteocular and postocular portions of head 
almost equal in length, centrally longitudinally sulcately impressed 



128 APPENDIX. ABADID.&. 

behind eyes, apical joint of antennae about as long as the two pre- 
ceding joints together ; prouotum coarsely punctate on the posterior 
half, two anteriorly curved carinations on disk, between which is 




Fig. &J.Glossopel(a lineolata. 

a fine longitudinal sulcate impression, the lateral angles anteriorly 
very slightly directed forward, their apical margins a little concave 
scutellum thickly finely punctate, coarsely punctate at base ; con- 
nexivum only visible at middle. 

Length 10 millim. 

Nab. Assam ; Khasi Hills (Lefroy). Burma (Coll. DisL). 



Family ARADIMB. (Vol. II, p. 153.) 

There are but a few species to add to the enumeration of this 
family and there is little to remark on its general taxonomy. It 
has already been stated (vol. iv, p. 420) that Eumenotes, formerly 
included in the Aradidaa (vol. ii, p. 155), then following "Walker 
and Bergroth, has by the latter writer been transposed to the 
subfamily Tessaratoruiuse of the Fam. Pentatomidae. Bergroth, 
however, was in error when he wrote that Stll did not know this 
genus in natura. Stal received and enumerated it in his " Hemi- 
ptera insularum Philippinarum" (Ofv. Yet.-Ak. Forh. 1870, p. 645), 
where he followed Westwood, the original describer, in placing 
Eumenotes in the Subfamily Dinidorinse (vol. i, p. 279), after the 
genus Megymenum, which appears to be its natural location. 

Genus ARADUS. (Vol. II, p. 153.) 
2901. Aradus dignatus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii,p. 362 (1909). 

Black ; antennae with the first joint black, the second very pale 
ochraceous with its extreme base black, third stramineous, fourth 
black ; corium pale greyish, claval veins concolorous, costal margin 



AfiADUS. ]29 



and veins on costal area jet-black ; membrane hyaline, very in- 
distinctly spotted with pale fuscous on apical margin ; head longer 
than broad, spines at antenniferous tubercles long and prominent ; 
eyes distinctly transversely produced ; antennae with the second 
joint about four times as long as the first, third gradually thickened 
from base to apex ; rostrum extending beyond the base of the 
prosternum which is sulcate ; pronotum with the anterior margin 




Fig. 68. Aradus dignatus. 

distinctly broader than base of head but not extending beyond the 
apices of the eyes, with six longitudinal carinations, the sublateral 
ones more strongly curved, the two central ones least so, lateral 
margins rounded and finely crenulate ; scutellum elongately tri- 
angular, the base much snorter than the lateral margins; the 
lateral margins elevated; corium at base slightly laterally arn- 
pliated, membrane in <$ slightly passing the abdominal apex ; legs 
more piceous than black. 

Length tf 4 millim. 

Hab. W. Bengal; Paresnath, 4000 to 4400 feet (Annandale, 
Indian Mus.\ 

2902. Aradus antemissus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 362 
(1909). 

Black ; antennas black with the apical joint stramineous, its apex 
ochraceous ; hemelytra resembling those of A. dignatus but with 
the membrane more prominently spotted with pale fuscous ; con- 
nexivum spotted with pale ochraceous ; head longer than broad, 
spines at antenniferous tubercles long and prominent ; eyes trans- 
versely produced but not so strongly as in A. dignatus ; antennae 
somewhat short and robust, second and third joints distinctly in- 
crassated, second about three times as long as first, third and 
fourth subequal in length ; rostrum extending beyond the base of 
the prosternum which is sulcate; pronotum with the anterior 
angles more distinctly produced than in A. dignatus, anterior 

TOL. v, K 



130 APPENDIX. ARAPIDjE. 

margin not or scarcely extending beyond the apices of the eyes, 
six-carinate, the two central carinations straighter than those of 
A. dignatus, lateral margins rounded and finely crenulate ; 
scutellum a little broader than in A. dignatus ; membrane in $ 
not quite reaching the abdominal apex. 

Length $ 5| millirn. 

Hah. W. Bengal ; Paresnath, 4000 to 4400 feet (Annandale, 
Indian Mus.}. 



MEZIRA to replace Brachyrhynchus. (Vol. II, p. 159.) 

Mr. C. 0. Waterhouse in bis " Index Zoologicus " has shown 
that Brftchyrynchus was used as a generic term by Selys-Long- 
champs in 1831 (Aves) "in Van der Mallen, Diet. Geogr. Liege, 
1831, App. p. 36." Bergroth following this up, writes (Canad. 
Entomol. 1906, p. 202) : " The genus Brachyrrhynchus, Lap. must 
bear the younger name Mezira, Amy. & Serv., the first name 
being preoccupied. Bergroth, however, has miscopied Laporte's 
generic name which is BrachyrJiyncJius, and he has not mentioned 
that the Avian name is Bracliyrynclius, though we must all agree 
that these terms are practically synonymous, and that Mezira 
should be substituted. 



2903. Mezira tenuicornis, Dint. A. M. N. H. (8) iii. p. 497 (1909). 

Fuscous; antennae, spinous antenniferous tubercles, posterior 
pronotal lobe and lateral margins of the anterior lobe, corium, 
connexivum, body beneath, and legs more fuscous brown ; mem- 
brane greyish with dark veins, the lateral basal angles ochraceous ; 




Fig. 69. Mezira tenuicornis. 

antennae with the first, second, and fourth joints incrassate, third 
joint slender and much the longer ; head granulose, spines in front 
of eyes long, acute, behind eyes tumid and distinctly laterallv 



A.NEURUS. 131 

spined ; pronotum granulose, the anterior area sculptured, the 
anterior angles broadly, somewhat roundly, subangularly produced, 
the lateral margins sinuated before middle and roundly ampliated 
towards base ; scutellum granulose and subrugulose ; corium 
granulose, the apical margins strongly sinuate, the lateral margins 
near base distinctly ampliated ; membrane not quite reaching 
posterior margin of penultimate abdominal segment : abdomen 
above granulose ; rostrum scarcely passing base of head. 

Length 7-8 inillirn. 

Hab. Simla Hills ; Matiana, 8000 ft. (Annandale). 

Near M. tenericornis, Bergr. (vol. ii, p. 162). 

Under bark of fir (Annandale). 

Braclirhynclms feanus (vol. ii, p. 160), B. membranaceus (vol. ii, 
p. J60), B. triangulus (vol. ii, p. 161), B. lateralis (vol. ii, p. 161), 
B. tagalicus (vol. ii, p. 162), B. tenericornis (Vol. ii, p. 162), and 
B. undulatus (vol. ii, p. 162) must now stand under the revised 
generic name Mezira. 

Genus ANEURUS. (Vol. II, p. 166.) 
2904. Aneurus greeni, Dist. Entomologist, xxxviii, p. 194 (1905). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum and sternum black ; abdomen, apex 
of head, coxae, and apices of tibiae piceous brown ; tarsi ochraceous ; 
corium stramineous, its base black, its apex and longitudinal veins 
very dark fuscous ; membrane pale hyaline and reflecting the pale 
brown disk of the abdomen above; head finely punctate, most 
strongly so behind eyes, distinctly longitudinally sulcate on each 
side of the median lobe ; antennae with the basal joint very 
strongly incrassate, second joint longer than third, fourth longest; 
pronotum with a broad central transverse depression, the anterior 
angles prominently rounded, the lateral margins moderately con- 
cavely sinuate, the posterior angles broadly rounded, a little 
prominent, centrally very finely transversely striate, obscurely 
punctate, most distinctly so on lateral areas and at anterior and 
posterior angles ; scutellum very finely and thickly granulate, 
about as broad as long, its margins very obscurelj piceous brown. 

Length 4-5 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Pundaluoya (Green). 

Differing from the Burmese A. indicus, Bergr., by the absence of 
the central carination to the scutellum, the more rounded and less 
prominent posterior pronotal angles, the more strongly incrassited 
basal joint of the antennae, the stramineous corium, &c, 



132 APPENDIX. 



Family HEBRLLXE. (Vol. II, p. 167.) 
Genus HEBRUS. (Vol. II, p. 167.) 

2905. Hebrus bengalensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 497 (1909). 

Head black, with a greyish marginal line in front of eyes and a 
more or less ochraceous line at inner margins of eyes, finely pilose 
on basal area ; pronotum dark castaneous, the anterior marginal 
area greyishly pilose, continued centrally towards middle by a 
wedge-shaped fascia ; scutellum black ; corium black, with short 
coarse pale hairs, a very prominent claval greyish fascia widening 
posteriorly and a curved more obscure greyish line before basal 
half of costal margin ; membrane shining brownish, with a pale 




Fig. 70. Hebrus bengalensis. 

central subapical spot and a pale marginal line ; body beneath 
black, legs pale ochraceous ; antennae dull ochraceous, with fine 
pale hairs, second joint shorter than first or third, fourth and fifth 
joints subequal in length ; pronotum with the lateral margins 
strongly sinuate, the lateral angles prominent; scutellum with 
the apex angularly rounded, not incised. 

Length 2 millim. 

Hab. Lower Bengal (Coll. Dist.). 



MERRAGATA. 133 

Genus MERRAGATA. 

Merragata, Such. White, A. M. N. H. (4) xx, p. 113 (1877) ; Champ. 

Biol. Centr.-Am., Rhynch. Hem.-Het. ii, p. 121 (1898). 
Lipogomphus, Berg, Hem. Argent, p. 286 (1879) ; id. torn. cit. Add. 

$ Emend, p. 116(1884). 

Type, M. hebroides, Buch. White, from the Hawaiian Islands. 

Distribution. Oriental and Neotropical Regions ; Hawaiian Islds. 
Probably much more widely distributed. 

This genus is closely allied to Hebrus and is principally to be 
differentiated by the shorter and four- jointed antennae. Buchanan 
White described the antennae as five-jointed, but this, as Champion 
has pointed out, was due to " counting the minute jointlet at the 
base of the third joint as a true joint." Berg described the 
posterior tarsi as three- jointed, but as Champion also remarks 
" this cannot be correct." 

2906. Merragata pallescens, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii,p.498(1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale cinnamon-brown ; corium 
ochraceous, the claval area milky white, base of costal margin 
narrowly black; membrane milky white; head beneath and sternum 
pale cinnamon-brown ; abdomen beneath piceous ; legs and rostrum 
ochraceous ; antennae ochraceous, with fine hairs, third joint a 
little shorter than second, fourth piceous and about subequal in 




Fig. 71. Merragata pallescens. 

length to third ; pronotum with the lateral margins strongly 
sinuate, the lateral angles broadly prominent, the basal margin 
moderately concave before scutellum ; apex of scutellum broadly 
subtruucate, very slightly angulate on each side, the disk trans- 
versely foveately depressed. 

Length 2 millim. 

Hob. East Bengal ; Eajshai (Annandale). 

I have only seen a single specimen of this beautiful and 
distinctly marked species. 



134 APPENDIX. HEBRII)^. 

G-enus HYECANUS, nov. 

Type, H. capitate, Dist. 

Distribution. N. India. 

Head longer than broad, moderately attenuated anteriorly, the 
apex subtruncate, the apices of the lateral margins on each side 
spinously produced, somewhat obscurely centrally ridged ; eyes 
small, not reaching the basal margin ; antennae short, inserted 
about midway between eyes and apex, first joint incrassate, about 
as long as second which is curved and apically thickened, third 
joint shortest, fourth thickened, pyriform, longer than third; 
rostrum passing the intermediate coxae ; pronotum about half as long 
as broad at humeral angles which are sub-prominent and rounded, 
the lateral anterior margins sinuate and obliquely Burrowing 
to apex, the posterior lateral margins concavely obliquely oinuate 
to basal angles of scutellum, the anterior margin moderately con- 
cave, posterior margin before scutellum almost truncate, the disk 
is strongly declivous anteriorly and somewhat broadly longi- 
tudinally impressed ; scutellum slightly longer than broad at base ; 
corium with the central margin about as long as greatest length of 
membrane, its apical margins straightly oblique ; membrane in- 
distinctly exhibiting two longitudinal veins on apical area ; legs 
of moderate length, the femora distinctly thickened, narrowing to 
apices and hirsute, basal joint of tarsi very long and thickened, 
narrowed at base. 

The peculiar structure of the head and antennas distinguishes 
this genus. 

2907. Hyrcanus capitatus, sp. n. 

Body above black, somewhat shiniug, the membrane opaque ; 
head beneath and sternum black, abdomen beneath greyish 
ochraceous, thickly finely tomentose ; legs black, bases of femora 




Fig. 72. Hyrcanus capitatus. 

and their under surfaces reddish ochraceous ; antennae finely 
pilose, the first and second joints obscure ochraceous, third and 



TIMASIUS. 135 

fourth joints blackish ; connexivum, as narrowly seen, ochraceous ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Sikkim (Coll. Dist.}. 



Genus TIMASIUS. 
Timasius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 498 (1909). 

Type, T. splendens, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head moderately elongate, a little depressed anteriorly, with 
two central longitudinal ridges not reaching apex ; eyes strongly 
granulate ; antenniferous tubercles spinous externally ; antenna 
five-jointed ; prouotum with the lateral margins strongly sinuate, 
the lateral angles broadly roundly prominent, transversely im- 
pressed before middle, and with two strong central longitudinal 
ridges ; scutellum sub-triangular, strongly, centrally, longitudinally 
ridged ; corium and membrane subequal in length. 

Allied to Hebrus, but differing in the more elongate body, the 
spinous antenniferous tubercles, and the centrally ridged head, 
pronotum, and scutellum. 

2908. Timasius splendens, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 499 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black ; pronotum with two 
central small spots of ochraceous hairs on anterior marginal area ; 




Fig. 73. Timasius sjilendens. 

corium bluish grey, with the margins, apical angle, a sub-oblong 
spot on disk, and the apex of clavus black ; membrane dull blackish, 



136 APPENDIX. HEBRIDES. 

with some greyish suffusions, the most prominent of which is a 
central subapical longitudinal line; body beneath black ; legs ochra- 
ceous, the tibiae and apices of femora and tarsi black ; antennae 
piceous or black, with short fine hairs, second joint slightly shorter 
than first, third and fourth subequal in length, each a little longer 
than fifth ; pronotum sparingly coarsely punctate : scutellum finely 
granulose, the central ridge prominent ; other structural characters 
as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 

" On rocks in mid-stream" (E. E. Green). 



2909. Timasius atratus, Ditt. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 499 (1909). 

Black ; legs pale ochraceous, posterior tibise pale piceous ; head 
opaque, with two central carinae terminating about one-third before 
apex, antenniferous tubercles spinously produced, eyes strongly 
granulose ; antennae ochraceous, pilose, first joint longer than 
second, a little shorter than third, fourth and fifth subequal in 
length, almost fused ; pronotum with its disk considerably mutil- 
ated in typical specimen, but apparently bicarinate, the lateral 
margins strongly sinuate, the lateral angles roundly prominent ; 
scutellum longitudinally carinate; pronotum, scutellura, and 
corium shining black : membrane piceous black, opaque ; legs 
pilose. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Madulsima (Bainbrigye-Fletcher). 



UTBBOAIETRID^E. 137 

Family HYDROMETRID/E. (Vol. II, p. 168.) 

Subfamily MESOVELIIN^. (Vol. II, p. 168.) 

Genus MESOVELIA. (Vol. II, p. 168.) 

MESOVELIA MULSANTI. (Vol. II, p. 169.) 

I was previously only able to record this species from Ceylon, 
at least so far as this fauna is concerned. 

Add : Hob. Bengal ; Port Canning (brackish pools, Ind. Mus.), 
Calcutta, at light (Paiva), Rajshai (Annandale), Puri, Orissa 
Coast (Annandale). United Provinces ; Lucknow ( Annandale). 

Subfamily VELIIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 171.) 

Genus RHAGOVELIA. (Vol. II, p. 171.) 

2910. Khagovelia nigricans, Burm. (Velia), Handb. Ent. ii, p. 213 
(1835) ; Mayr, Reise Novara, Hem. p. 181 (I860). 

Velia infernalis, Butl. Ann. Mag. Nut. Hist. (4) xvii, p. 411 
(1876) ; id. Phil. Trans, clxviii, pi. liv, f. 5 (1879). 

Khagovelia maculata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xii, p. 472 (1903). 

? Var. Bhagovelia reitteri, Rent. Ofo. Finsk. Vet. Soc. Fork. xxv. 
p. 39 (1882). 

Piceous black ; anterior margin of pronotum (sometimes medially 
interrupted), base of first joint of antennae, connexivum above and 
beneath, base of rostrum, acetabula, coxae, trochanters, bases of 
femora above and the greater part of femora beneath, luteous; 
henielytra with a narrow streak at base and sometimes some 
smaller scattered spots bluish grey ; antennae, legs, and margins of 
pronotum somewhat longly pilose ; first joint of antennae longest, 
outwardly curved, second and fourth subequal, each slightly 
shorter than third. 

Length 3 to 4 millim. 

Hob. Travancore (Annandale). Ceylon (Green); Diyatalawa 
(Bainbrigge- Fletcher). Syria. Egypt. Abyssinia. West Africa. 
Mascarene Islds. Seychelles. 

This species is mostly represented by apterous forms. 



138 APPENDIX. HYDBOMETRID^;. 



Genus MICROVELIA. (Vol. II, p. 174.) 

2911. Microvelia albomaculata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 499 
(1909). 

Dull piceous black with a greyish pubescence, which is more 
pronounced and forms a marginal fascia to head continued inside 
eyes to base and a submarginal fascia to pronotum ; a reddish 
ochraceous anterior marginal fascia to prouotum, not reaching the 
anterior angles ; hernelytra largely spotted with greyish white, of 
which a large spot occupies the greater part of clavus excluding 
apex, coriuin with two large basal marginal spots, three irregularly 
shaped spots in transverse series a little beyond middle, a large 




Fig. 74. Microvelia albomaculata. 

subapical meinbranal spot and a smaller subapical spot at inner 
margin ; legs pale ochraceous ; antennae fuscous, first joint very 
slightly longer than second or third joints, which are shortest and 
subequal in length, fourth longest, its apex distinctly acuminate ; 
head subglobosely arched ; lateral angles of the pronotum sub- 
angularly prominent : lateral margins of the hemelytra concavely 
sinuate and finely shortly hirsute ; apices of tibiae and tarsi more 
or less obscurely fuscous*. 

Length 2 millim. 

Hob. E. Bengal ; Eajshai (Annandale). 

2912. Microvelia kumaonensis. Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 500 
(1909). 

Head, pronotum, and body beneath dull black ; apex of head, 
anterior margin of pronotum (centrally interrupted and not 



MICROVELIA.. 139 

reaching anterior angles), margin of lateral pronotal angles, legs, 
and rostrum pale ochraceous ; lateral margins of head, continued 
inside eyes to base, greyishly fasciately pubescent ; hemelytra pale 
piceous brown, with prominent greyish white spots, an elongate 
spot in clavus, a large subbasal spot to corium, more obscure spots 
on apical half of corium, and a prominent subapical spot ; antennae 




Fig. 75. Microvclia kumaoncnsis. 

brownish ochraceous, second joint slightly shorter than first and 
distinctly shorter than third, fourth longest ; head subglobosely 
arched ; pronotum with the lateral angles broadly subacutely 
prominent ; apices of tibiae and tarsi more or less pale piceous. 

Length 2 millim. 

Hob. Kutnaon ; Bhim Tal. 



2913. Microvelia diluta, Dint. A. M. N. H. (8) Hi, p. 500 (1909). 

Head and pronotum dull black ; anterior margin of pronotum 
reddish ochraceous ; hemelytra dull greyish white, the veins 
piceous, the apical area darker and thus exhibiting a large pale 
apical spot ; body beneath and legs dull pale ochraceous ; rostrum, 
disk of sternum, apices of femora, tibiae (more or less), and the 
tarsi piceous; antennas with the first, second, and third joints 
ochraceous, their apices and the whole of the fourth joint piceous, 
second joint slightly shorter than first, more distinctly shorter 
than third ; head globosely arched ; pronotum with the lateral 
margins sinuate, the lateral angles subangularly prominent ; hem- 



140 APPENDIX. 

elytra scarcely reaching the abdominal apex ; connexivum granulose 
and pilose. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Calcutta, Kajshai (Annandale). 

" Stridulates when irritated, producing a shrill scraping sound 
which is perceptible for some yards. Feeds on dead insects. 




Fig. 76. Microvelia diliita. 

Winged and apterous individuals occurring together." (Nelson 
Annandale, in litt.) 

Allied to M. repentina, Dist., but colour of antennae and body 
beneath different. In some specimens the lateral margins of the 
abdomen beneath are piceous. 



2914. Microvelia annandalei, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) Hi, p. 501 
(1909). 

Head and pronotum dull black ; pronotum with a transverse 
dull ochraceous subanterior fascia not reaching the lateral margins 
(this fascia is frequently discoloured and difficult to recognise) ; 
hemelytra piceous, a basal claval streak, and three spots on apical 
area (the apical spot linear) dull greyish with a greenish tint ; 
body beneath black; head beneath, margins of prosternum, lateral 
margins of abdomen, and the legs ochraceous ; antennae with the 
first, second, and third joints oehraceous, apices of first and second 
and the whole of the fourth joint piceous, second joint distinctly 
shorter than either first or third, third and fourth subequal in 
length ; head with the apex ochraceous and a pale longitudinal line 



MICEOVELIA. 141 

at inner margins of eyes ; extreme apices of the femora and some- 
times the intermediate and posterior tibiae more or less infuscate; 
lateral angles of the pronotum broadly subprominent. 




Fig. 77. Me. 



Length 2 millim. 

Hob. Lower Bengal ; Port Canning (in brackish pools). 



Subfamily GERRIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 175.) 

Since I previously enumerated the British Indian genera and 
species of this subfamily our knowledge of the Gerrinae has been 
very considerably increased. This is almost entirely owing to the 
collections recently made by Dr. Annandale, who has given so 
much attention to the fauna of the brackish and fresh waters of 
India, and also to the oceanic species collected by the Indian 
Marine Survey. 

As regards the divisional lines between the Gerrinaria 
(vol. ii, p. 176) and the Halobatinaria (vol. ii, p. 186), besides 
the characters given by Bianchi as already recorded, attention 
must be drawn to the structure of the eyes, a character originally 
pointed out by Mayr. In the Gerrinaria the ocular orbita is 
arcuately sinuate behind the middle, and in the Halobatiuaria the 
inner margins of the eyes are convexly rounded. These characters 
are useful, and generally but not universally applicable as may be 
seen in the genus Fabatus of this fauna. They have been some- 
what insistently advocated by Bergroth, but this critical writer 
avoids the responsibility of faunistic work and thus enjoys the 
privileges of a free-lance. 



142 APPENDIX. HYDROMETEIDjE. 

J. E. de la Torre Bueno (Ohio Nat. viii, p. 389, 1908) has 
thrown much light on the cause of " the hroken hemelytra in 
certain Halobatinae." 

Genus GERRIS. (Vol. II, p. 176.) 

2915. Gerris lepcha, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 140 (1910). 

Body above and beneath black, beneath finely and more palely 
tomentose ; antennae with the first, second, and third joints 
brownish ochraceous, extreme apices of the first and second, apical 
half of the third and the whole of the fourth joint black or piceous, 
the fourth palely sericeous ; anterior area of prouotum with a 
more or less distinct central longitudinal ochraceous fascia, 
remaining area piceous brown ; legs and rostrum brownish 
ochraceous, apex of rostrum black ; coxae and trochanters brownish 
ochraceous beneath ; antennae with the first joint longest, second 
shortest, third and fourth almost subequal in length or fourth 
slightly longer than third ; head moderately convex, longer than 
broad ; pronotum with the anterior area or lobe with two small 
transverse linear callosities on disk ; posterior area or lobe rugulose 
and punctate, slightly transversely ridged between the humeral 
angles, which are tuberculously prominent, thence convexly 
deflected to base, the basal margin broadly laminate and strongly 
punctate ; hemelytra longer than posterior femora ; rostrum 
scarcely passing the anterior coxae ; intermediate a little longer 
than posterior femora. 

Length llg to 14 millirn. 

Bab. Sikkim ; Shamdang, about 3000 ft. (Ind. Mus.). 

GERBIS NITIDA. (Vol. II, p. 178.) 

The distribution of this species is now further known in 
Continental India. 

Add: Hal. Darjiling, Botanical Gardens, 6,900 ft. (Paiva) ; 
Kurseong, 5000 ft. (Annandale). Orissa; Balighai, near Puri 
(Annandale). 

GEEEIS FOSSAKUM. (Vol. II, p. 178.) 

Add : Hob. Bengal ; Calcutta, Port Canning. 

" Found in brackish pools " (N. Annandale). 

Capt. W. S. Patton has described "The life cycle of a species of 
Crithidia parasitic in the intestinal tract of Gerris fossarum, Fabr." 
(Arch. f. Protistenkunde, 1908, p. 131). 

2916. Gerris monticola, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 141 (1910). 

Head and pronotum dull chocolate-brown, head moderately 
infuscate ; pronotum with a central longitudinal dull ochraceous 



GERBIS. 143 

line which is faint and subobsolete on posterior area, anterior 
lateral and posterior margins dull ochraceous ; eyes black ; 
antennae with the first and second' joints brownish ochraceous, 
their apices black, third and fourth joints piceous; hemelytra 
piceons brown, the veins brownish ochraceous, a dull greyish 
elongate spot behind middle and near inner margin, membranal 
area dull piceous, the extreme margin brownish ; body beneath 
ochraceous ; a lateral marginal fascia to sternum, a sublateral 
slightly curved line scarcely reaching middle of sternum, a 
longitudinal oblique line at the region of the anterior and inter- 
mediate acetabula, and suffusions to the abdomen beneath black ; 
between the lateral and sublateral fasciae the sternum is silvery 
grey pubescent, and the lateral margins of the abdomen and a spot 
on the posterior acetabula also silvery grey pubescent ; rostrum 
ochraceous, its apex black ; legs dull ochraceous, the femora 
narrowly margined with piceous, apices of tibise and the whole of the 
tarsi piceous black ; antennae with the first joint longest, second, 
third and fourth joints almost subequal in length ; rostrum distinctly 
passing the anterior coxae ; head moderately convex, longer than 
broad ; pronotum with the margins of the anterior area convex, 
obscurely transversely ridged between the humeral angles, which 
are subprominently nodulose, posteriorly moderately obliquely 
deflected ; hemelytra slightly shorter than posterior femora ; 
intermediate and posterior femora about equally long, anterior 
femora moderately thickened. 

This description is taken from a macropterous female specimen ; 
in some apterous male specimens the anterior femora are distinctly 
incrassated. 

Length $ macropt. 10, $ apt. 8^, d apt. 8 millim. 

Nab. Simla Hills; Dharam pur, "5000 ft,, Matiana 8000 ft. 
(Annandale) ; Bhim Tal, Kumaon, 4500 ft. (Annandale) ; Kurse- 
ong, 5000 ft. (Annandale). 

GEEBJS SAHLBEEGI. (Vol. II, p. 179.) 

Add : Hab. Simla Hills ; Theog, 8000 ft. United Provinces ; 
Naini Tal, Kumaon. 

Common in stagnant pools (N. Annandale). 

2917. Gerris nepalensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 142 (1910). 

Body above and hemelytra black ; body beneath silvery 
pubescent ; lateral margins of head silvery pubescent ; antennae 
with the first and second joints castaneous brown, their extreme 
apices and the whole of the third and fourth joints piceous black : 
pronotum with an obscure longitudinal, central, brownish 
ochraceous line, usually only discernible on the anterior area ; 
anterior femora black with silvery pubescence, their base and a spot 
near apex ochraceous ; intermediate and posterior femora brown- 
ish ochraceous, their apices black ; intermediate and posterior 



144 APPENDIX. HYDROMETRIDA'. 

tibiae and all the tarsi black, anterior tibiae brownish ochraceous, 
their apices black ; antennae with the first joint longest, fourth 
slightly longer than third ; head moderately convex, longer than 
broad ; pronotnm with the margins of the anterior area slightly 
convex, a little transversely ridged between the humeral angles, 
which are slightly prominent and then globosely posteriorly 
deflected, the posterior margin sublaminate, the posterior area 
sparsely coarsely punctate; hemelytra about as long as the 
posterior femora ; intermediate and posterior femora about 
equally long ; rostrum black, slightly passing the anterior coxae. 

Length <5 macropt. 8 millim. 

Hob. Nepal ; Soondrijal and Chonebal, Katmandu. United 
Provinces ; Lucknow (Annandale). 

Allied to G. sahlbergi, Dist. 

GEBRIS TRISTAN. (Vol. II, p. 179.) 

This species, originally described and known only from Ceylon, 
is now found to have a wide distribution in India and Burma. It 
is also possible at the same time to supplement the description so 
far as the fourth joint of the antenna is concerned ; this like the 
third joint is fuscous. 

Add : Hab. Bengal ; Port Canning, Rajshai, Dhappa. Orissa ; 
Sur Lake, Puri District (Annandale). United Provinces ; Naini 
Tal, Kumaon (Annandale) Burma ; Moulmeiu (Annandale). 

Dr. Annandale found this species in brackish pools at Port 
Canning and in fresh water at Dhappa. 

2918. Gerris raja, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 142 (1910). 

Head ochraceous, eyes black ; antenna? with the first joint 
ochraceous, its apex black, remaining joints black or piceous ; 
pronotum with two anterior and two large discal spots ochraceous 
(in some specimens these spots are united in pairs) ; hemelytra 
black ; body beneath, rostrum, and anterior femora ochraceous ; 
apex of rostrum and linear streaks to the anterior femora black ; 
tibia?, tarsi, and intermediate and posterior femora piceous or 
black ; antennae with the first joint a little longer than second 
which is shortest, third longest, fourth shorter than third but 
longer than first ; head a little convex, longer than broad ; 
pronotum with the humeral angles not prominent ; hemelytra 
about as long as the posterior femora ; intermediate and posterior 
femora subequal in length ; rostrum passing the anterior coxae. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hab. Travancore Coast ; Vurkalay (Annandale). 

" In small pools near sea-shore" (Annandale). 

By the relative lengths of the joints of the antenna?, and the 
markings of the head and pronotum, this small species is distinctly 
recognizable. 



JUCUNDUS. 



145 



Genus JUCUNDUS. 
Jucundus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 143 (1910). 

Type, /". custodiendus, Dist. 

Distribution. India and Burma. 

Head longer than broad between the eyes, which are moderately 
emarginate interiorly, in front of eyes almost triangular, where it 
is prominently notched on each side and then narrowed to apex 
which is angularly rounded, between the eyes two oblique fovea- 
tions ; antennae with the first joint longest, about as long as the 
posterior area or lobe of the pronotum, second, third, and fourth 




Fig. 78. Jucundus custodiendus. 

joints subequal in length ; rostrum scarcely passing the anterior 
coxae ; pronotum moderately flat, not prominently deflected 
behind the humeral angles, the anterior area or lobe short, about 
one-third the length of posterior area or lobe ; hemelytra consider- 
ably passing apex of abdomen ; anterior femora slightly thickened 
and longer than the tibiae ; intermediate and posterior femora 
about subequal in length, posterior tarsal claws inserted at apex of 
tarsus. 

Allied to Gerris, but differing in the shape of the head and the 
structure of the pronotum. 

5919. Jucundus custodiendus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 143 (1910). 
$ . Head and pronotum ochraceous ; eyes, narrow lateral 

VOL. V. L 



146 APPENDIX. HYDfiOMETRID,!. 

margins, and a central discal elongate spot to pronotum black ; 
antennae black ; rostrum ochraceous with its apex black ; hem- 
elytra black, the marginal and apical areas more brownish ; body 
beneath ochraceous, a spot on the posterior acetabular area black ; 
legs black, anterior femora much longitudinally streaked with 
ochraceous ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hob. Travancore; Maddathoray, W. base of "Western Ghats 
(Annandale). 

The above description is taken from a macropterous female 
specimen ; in a second male apterous example, which measures 
7 mm., the pronotum has a continuous broad central longitudinal 
fascia, not extending to the anterior area or lobe. 

2920. Jucundus burmanus, List. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 143 (1910). 

Apterous form. Body and legs ochraceous, the intermediate and 
posterior tibiae piceous ; eyes and a narrow central longitudinal 
line to pronotum black or piceous ; abdominal segments piceous ; 
legs with narrow black or piceous longitudinal lines ; antennae 
black, with the basal joint very long and somewhat stout, second 
joint less than one-third the length of first joint, remaining joints 
mutilated in type ; anterior area or lobe of pronotum longer than 
in J. custodiendus and with a distinct central longitudinal black 
line ; abdomen with six segments visible above in addition to the 
anal segment, which is ochraceous with a transverse black line ; 
rostrum scarcely passing the anterior coxae ; anterior tibiae den- 
tately widened at apex. 

Length 6| millim. 

Hob. Upper Burma ; North Shan Hills (J. C. Brown}. 

Two apterous forms received from Burma, by the structure of 
the head undoubtedly belong to Jucundus. They differ from the 
type J. custodiendus in having the antennae more robust, the 
anterior pronotal area or lobe a little longer, and by the anterior 
tibiae being more robust and dentately ampliate at apex. 

Genus ONYCHOTRECHUS. (Vol. II. p. 182.) 

2921. Onychotrechus vadda, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 144 (1910). 

c? . Body above black ; head with the lateral margins in front 
of eyes, and a central longitudinal fascia, ochraceous ; antennae 
piceous, basal joint paler beneath ; pronotum with the anterior 
margin, lateral margins, and three longitudinal discal fasciae (the 
central one straight, the lateral ones moderately curved) ochraceous ; 
mesonotum with a narrow central straight longitudinal fascia, on 
each side of which is a broader angulate fascia, and a posteriorly 
attenuated lateral fascia, ochraceous ; at base of abdomen a curved 
oblique fascia on each side, and a series of lateral marginal 



ONYCHOTRECHUS. 147 

abdominal spots, ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; 
sternum with two longitudinal marginal black lines (the innermost 
short) on each side, and above the outermost a silvery white 
tomentose fascia ; extreme apices of femora, tibiae and tarsi, black ;. 




4 
Fig. 79. Onychotrechus vadda. 

rostrum ochraceous with its apex black ; antennae with the first 
joint longest and curved, remaining joints subequal in length ; 
rostrum considerably passing the anterior coxae ; intermediate 
slightly longer than posterior femora ; tarsal claws long. 

Length <S 5, $ 6 inillim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green), Madulsima, Sabrigama, 
Haputale, 4800 ft. (Bainbrigge- Fletcher}. 

I have not yet seen a macropterous form of this species. 

" On perpendicular rocks with trickle of water : going in pairs, 
not actually in coitu, but the male clinging on back of female." 
(E. E. Green.} 



2922. Onychotrechus kumari, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 145 
(1910). 

Body above dull ochraceous ; head with a short central line at 
apex, two central oblique lines commencing on apical margin and 
meeting between the eyes, and a shorter longitudinal line near 

L2 



148 APPENDIX. HYDBOMETKBm 

inner margin of each eye, black ; pronotum with four longitudinal 
black spots, two central and one near each lateral margin ; meso- 
notum with two central longitudinal lines, a continuous angulate 
line before each lateral margin, and two lateral lines, black, between 
the last the colour is silvery white tomentose ; abdominal seginental 
margins black ; rostrum, body beneath, and legs pale ochraceous ; 
apex of rostrum, a submarginal linear fascia to sternum, and a 
short line before intermediate coxae, black ; a silvery white spot on 
each side of posterior margin of prosternum, a similar but larger 
spot before intermediate coxae, and a similar smaller spot near base 
of lateral margin of abdomen ; antennae dull ochraceous, extreme 
apices of the first, second, and third joints and the whole of the 
fourth joint piceous or black, fourth joint longest, second shortest, 
first and third subequal in length, first moderately curved ; inter- 
mediate femora a little longer than posterior femora ; rostrum 
considerably passing the anterior coxae ; tarsal claws long. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Travancore ; Maddathoray, W. base of Western Ghats 
(Annandale). 

I have only seen apterous forms of this species. 



Genus JANIAS. 

(To follow Cylindrosttihus, Vol. II, p. 184.) 
Jamas, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 145 (1910). 

Type, J. elegantulus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only received from Travancore. 

Body longer than half the length of either intermediate or 
posterior legs ; head longer than broad, the apex obtusely angulate ; 
eyes large, oblique, interiorly moderately emarginate, posteriorly 
moderately extending over the anterior angles of the pronotum ; 
antennae short, robust, first joint straight, longest, longer than 
head, distinctly inwardly spinous at apex, second and fourth joints 
subequal in length, third shortest ; rostrum short, reaching but 
not extending beyond the anterior coxae ; pronotum about as long 
as head, narrowed anteriorly behind the eyes, with a central 
impressed longitudinal line, the posterior margin truncate ; meso- 
notum more than twice as long as pronotum, the disk centrally 
longitudinally impressed ; anterior femora longer than the tibiae, 
obtusely spined at apex, intermediate and posterior femora 
subequal in length. 

Allied to Cylindrostethus but differing in the shorter antennae, 
the less anteriorly produced head, and the more posteriorly 
produced eyes, &c. 

The description is founded on an apterous form. 



JANIAS. URES. 149 

2923. Janias elegantulus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 146 (1910). 

Head dark brownish ochraceous, eyes and antennae black ; 
pronotum black, the lateral and posterior margins and a broad, 
central, longitudinal, subtriangular fascia dull ochraceous; meso- 
notum castaneous brown, beyond middle with a large central 
oblong black spot which contains a broad central longitudinal line 
with a large spot on each side, pale ochraceous ; abdomen 
above dull brownish ochraceous, with paler markings on lateral 
margins and darker central segmental spots ; body beneath and 




Fig. 80. Janias elegantulus. 

legs ochraceous ; head beneath, apex of rostrum, apices and longi- 
tudinal streaks beneath to anterior femora and the whole of the 
anterior tibise and tarsi, black ; intermediate and posterior legs 
slightly infuscate; pronotum moderately foveately depressed on 
disk ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length (apterous form) 11 millira. 

Hob. Travancore; Kulattupuzhd, W. base of Western Ghats 
(Annandale). 



Genus URES, nov. 

Type, U. custos, Dist. 
Distribution. India. 

Body longer than half the length of either intermediate or 
posterior legs ; head about as long as breadth between eyes, 



150 APPENDIX. HTDEOMETEID.E. 

anteriorly subtruncate, distinctly angularly notched a little before 
eyes, thence obliquely directed to apex ; eyes oblique, interiorly 
moderately emarginate, backwardly projecting over the lateral 
margins of the pronotum ; antenna? mutilated in typical specimen ; 
rostrum short, robust, reaching or very slightly passing the anterior 
cox ; proiiotum a little longer than head, the anterior margin 
truncate, the posterior margin distinctly convex, the lateral 
margins broadly augulate near the humeral angles ; mesonotum 
somewhat concavely depressed, longer than broad, widened towards 
middle, thence obliquely narrowed towards abdomen, the lateral 




Fig. 81. Ures custos. 

margins slightly but distinctly reflexed, the posterior margin 
centrally inwardly emarginate; abdomen composed of six segments, 
a little broadened from the apex of third segment, the lateral 
margins distinctly reflexed ; anterior femora moderately slender, 
about as long as the tibia?, intermediate and posterior femora 
subequal in length, intermediate tibise considerably longer than 
posterior tibise. 

This genus is founded on an apterous specimen ; it is allied to 
Tamo*, from which it differs by the structure of the head and 
thorax ; the absence of the antenna? is much to be regretted, but 
the insertion of the species in this enumeration is imperative and 
uiay promote the collection of other specimens. 

2924. Ures custos, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum dull black ; head with the lateral margins 
of the posterior area and the lateral and posterior margins of the 



BHEUMATOTBECHITS. 151 

pronotum dull brownish ochraceous, the latter with a much more 
indistinct central longitudinal line; mesonotum dull piceous brown, 
its posterior area black with the margins dull piceous brown ; 
abdomen above black with dull ochraceous spots in longitudinal 
subfasciate series, the lateral spots more distinct ; body beneath 
dull ochraceous, apex of rostrum black ; legs piceous, the bases of 
the anterior femora dull ochraceous ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis ; head, pronotum, and mesonotum thickly, shortly, 
obscurely pilose. 

Length (apterous form) 6 millitn. 

Hob. Kumaon. 



Genus RHEUMATOTRECHUS. 

Rheumatotrechus, Kirk. Canad. Ent. xl, p. 452 (1908). 

Type, 11. himalayanus, Kirk. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

" This genus has somewhat the appearance of Ptilomera of the 
Gerridae, but the legs are much shorter, especially the fore tarsi. 

" Head as in Ptilomera, but the eyes are less oblique, and much 
less emarginate, the vertex being elongate, and subparallel as far 
as the articulation of the antennae ; first segment [joint] of the 
antennas little longer than the second ; labrum [rostrum] much as 
in Ptilomera. In the apterous form the pronotum is well rounded 
at the sides, extending laterally much farther than the eyes. The 
nota and tergites are much as in Ptilomera, but the whole insect is 
much shorter and broader in proportion, the abdominal sclerites 
much less elongate, the mesonotum also more rounded laterally. 
The fore femora are a little incrassate, and are scarcely longer 
than the tibiae, fore tarsi very short. Middle and hind legs much 
shorter than in Ptilomera." (Kirkaldy.) 



2925. Rheumatotrechus Mmalayanus, Kirk. Canad. Ent. xl, p. 452 
(1908). 

" Pale castaneous or fulvous ; head with an elongate oval mark 
on vertex (the interior castaneous) and some lateral marks, dark 
fuscous. Apex of first segment and apical fourth of second dark 
fuscous.* Eyes dark. Last segment of labium black. Pronotum 
dark castaneous ; a central line and a lateral sinuous one on each 
side yellow, the central one narrowly and rather obscurely 
margined with black, this spreading out a little apically. The 
mesonotum has a small, subtriangular, fuscous mark on each side 
subanteriorly. Legs yellowish fulvous, apex of the tibiae and the 
tarsi blackish. Tergites dark castaneous, verging on piceous on 



* This presumably refers to the joints of the antennae. 



152 APPENDIX. HYDROMETRIDJ?. 

abdomen proper and inward half of pleurites ; one or two smaller 
brown spots medially. Beneath yellowish fulvous; a lateral, 
sinuous, dark castaneous line on the mesosternum on each side, 
edged with silver ; also some obscure marks. The first segment 
of the antennae one-fifth longer than the second. Fore femora 
scarcely longer than the tibiae, which are nearly four times as long 
as the tarsi ; last tarsal segment more than twice as long as the 
penultimate. Middle femora slender, as long as body from base 
of clypeus to base of pygopbor; scarcely longer than tibiae and 
tarsi together ; tibiae about twice and a half as long as the tarsi, 
first tarsal segment twice as long as the second. Hind femora 
one-third longer than the middle pair ; scarcely longer than the 
tibiae and tarsi; tibiae slightly more than twice as long as the 
tarsi ; first tarsal segment not twice as long as the second. The 
hind part of the metanotum is triangular, the sides shortly trun- 
cate, and the base a little emarginate." (Kirkaldy.) 

" Length 8 millim." 

Hob. Sikkim ; Kurseong (Mus. Brussels fide KirTcaldy). 

This species is stated to have " considerable general resemblance 
to ChimarrJiometra orientalis, Dist." (vol. ii, p. 190), but I have not 
seen it, nor does it appear to be known at the Brussels Museum, 
for I have corresponded on the subject with M. Severin and 
Dr. Schouteden. 



Genus HALOBATES. (Vol. II, p. 186.) 

2926. Halooates gennanus, Such. White, Rep. Voy. ' Challenger," 
Zool. vii, p. 50, pi. i, f. 6 (1883). 

" Long oval ( c? ) or shortly ovate ( $ ), widest behind the 
middle. Dark ashy grey, paler on the sides ( d) or silvery grey 
( $ ). Head with an obscure transverse rufous yellow mark on 
each side at the hind margin. Antennae and legs fuscous black 
above, dark fuscous brown below, clothed sparsely with grey 
pubescence. Base of antennae narrowly rufous ochreous. Front 
legs with coxae, trochanters more especially on inner side, and base 
of femora below, middle legs with a spot on the acetabula below 
(broader and more distinct in the female), trochanters, and base 
of femora below ; hind legs with trochanters and base of femora, 
more or less indistinctly fuscous ochreous brown. Abdomen with 
hind margins of ventral segments fuscous ochreous. Genital 
segments : first below on disk and posteriorly, second above, and 
apex of third above, fuscous brown ; second below, especially at 
apex of horns, and most of third below, fuscous rufous-brown. 
Antennae : third joint shorter and fourth joint longer than the 
second. Front tarsus : first joint rather more than half the 
length of second. Middle tarsus : first joint about five times as- 
long as second." (Buchanan White). 



HALOBATES. 153 

" Length rf 3-5, breadth 2, middle femur 4, hind femur (?) millim. 
$3, 2-25, 4, 3 millim." 

Hob. Andaman Sea. " Tithal, Bulsar, Bombay." North Pacific 
Ocean and Celebes Sea (Challenger}. China Sea (Gigliolijide 
Buchanan White). 

Buchanan White remarks : " This species might readily be 
mistaken for H. sericeus, Esch. (a widely distributed species), from 
which, however, it seems to be structurally distinct." 



2927. Halobates herdmani, Cat-pent. Eept. Pearl Oyster Fisheries, 
pt. 5, p. 151, pi. v, figs. 1-19 (1906). 

" Feeler with 4th segment half as long again as 3rd, slightly 
shorter than 2nd. Fore foot with the two tarsal segments sub- 
equal. Intermediate foot with the proximal tarsal segment two 
and a half times as long as the distal. Abdomen of male with the 
8th segment slightly asymmetrical, the ' horns ' being both inclined 
towards the left, so that while the right horn is closely applied to 
the 9th segment, the left is somewhat divergent from the axis of 
the body ; both horns are falcate at the tip. 

"This species is most nearly allied to H. flaviventris, Esch. 
[vol. ii, p. 188], of all members of the genus hitherto described. 
It differs from that species principally in the shape and in the 
slight asymmetry of the ' horns ' of the 8th abdominal segment of 
the male. The form of this segment in the present insect shows 
an interesting stage of transition between the symmetrical 
condition found in the great majority of the species of Halobates 
and the excessive irregularity of H. micans, Esch. [vol. ii, p. 187} 
in which the left horn of the segment projects almost at right 
angles to the axis of the body. 

" In colour H. herdmani resembles the other species of the 
genus. The dorsal and lateral surfaces appear deep blue-black 
when wet, and ashy grey (owing to the deep pubescence) when 
dry. On the head is the usual pair of orange triangular marks, 
while the feelers and legs are black. The thoracic sternum is dark 
centrally showing only two pale elongate patches towards the 
lateral sutures close to the bases of the hind legs. The abdominal 
sterna are mostly pale, but they appear dark laterally and along 
their hinder borders ; the 1st abdominal segment, on which is the 
opening of the repugnatorial glands, is deep brown." (Carpenter.) 

" Length, tf 5-2, $ 5-7 millim." 

Hob. Indian Ocean near Ceylon (Herdman, Brit. Mus. ; Bain- 
brigge-Fletcher, Brit. Mus. $ Coll. Dist.). 

The type of this species is in the collection of the British 
Museum. 



154 



APPENDIX. HTDEOMETRID^E. 



Genus EURATAS. 
Euratas, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 146 (1910). 

Type, E. formidabilis, Dist. 

Distribution. Andaman Sea. 

Head large, somewhat flattened, apically subangulately produced 
and also angularly produced above the insertion of the antennae ; 
eyes somewhat flattened, rounded interiorly, a little posteriorly 
produced over the anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae 
with the first joint longest, as long as the anterior femora, second 
not half as long as first, third shortest, a little shorter than fourth ; 
rostrum not passing the anterior coxae ; pronotum slightly shorter 
than head, anterior and posterior margins sinuate, the lateral 
margins rounded, two distinct foveate impressions on disk which 
are anteriorly margined with a carinate line ; mesonotum about 
twice the length of pronotum ; anterior femora in male strongly 
incrassated, anterior tibiae with a long robust spine before middle ; 
anterior femora in female only moderately thickened, the anterior 
tibiae unarmed; intermediate legs pilose; intermediate femora 
considerably longer than the posterior femora. 

Allied to the genus JEfermatobates, Carp. 

2928. Euratas formidabilis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v,p. 147 (1910). 




Fig. 82. Euratas formidabilis, tf. 
Body above bluish, more or less finely greyishly pilose ; antennae 



FABATtTS. 155 

black, finely pilose, base of first joint pale ochraceous ; head with 
the apical and lateral areas pale greyish, basal margin transversely 
linearly ochraceous but centrally broken ; eyes castaneous brown, 
their basal margins dull ochraceous ; pronotum with two discal 
pale foveations, the upper margins of which, and a central more 
or less connecting line, are black ; apical half of abdomen above 
paler and more greyish in hue, the segmental margins darker ; 
anal appendage blackish ; legs bluish, more or less greyishly pilose, 
the anterior legs beneath ochraceously pilose, the acetabula, abdo- 
men beneath, and anal appendage more or less ochraceous ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length, c? 5, $ 5 to 5| millim. 

Hob. Andaman Sea (Indian Marine Survey, Alcock). 



Genus FABATUS. 
Fabatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 147 (1910). 

Type, F. servus, Dist. 

Distribution. Andaman Sea. 

Head large, declivous in front, subquadrate, obtusely apically 
angulately produced a.nd also distinctly angulate on each side 
above the insertion of the antennae; eyes of moderate size, 
substylate, moderately emargitiate at interior margins, a little 
projecting beyond the anterior margin of the pronotum ; antennas 
with the first joint longest, a little shorter than the anterior tibiae, 
third shortest, second and fourth subequal in length ; rostrum 
short, robust, not passing anterior coxae ; pronotum shorter than 
head, transverse, the lateral margins moderately rounded, posterior 
margin a little concave ; mesonotum elongate, convex, slightly 
more than twice the length of pronotum ; anterior legs slightly 
thickened, more so in the male than in the female ; anterior tibiae 
apically inwardly spinous and in the male with a strong, robust 
spine near middle, in female unarmed ; intermediate and posterior 
legs slender, intermediate considerably longer than the posterior; 
the intermediate tibiae very strongly curved ; intermediate tarsi 
much longer than the posterior tarsi. 

The only known species of this genus in general appearance some- 
what resembles the marine species represented by ffalobates, but 
differs by the ernarginate inner margins of the eyes ; it is, however, 
a truly marine species and I retain it in the Halobatinaria. I have 
as yet only seen undeveloped forms, collected by Lieut.-Col. Alcock 
on the Indian Marine Survey. 

2929. Fabatus servus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 147 (1910). 

Head ochraceous with a broad central longitudinal spot and 
a linear longitudinal spot on each side, black, the base greyish 
white, the apex blackish ; eyes ochraceous or brownish ochraceous ; 
antennae castaneous brown, the base of first joint much paler, the 
fourth joint darker ; pronotum greyish white, with a large 



156 



APPENDIX. HYDBOMETRID2E . 



transverse purplish brown spot in each lateral area ; inesonotum 
greyish white, with a broad longitudinal purplish brown fascia m 
each lateral area : abdomen above greyish white, with transverse 
segmental purplish brown spots; body beneath greyish white; 




Fig. 83. Fabattis servus. 

rostrum castaneous brown, the basal joint ochraceous ; legs dark 
castaneous brown or shining piceous, bases of anterior femora 
broadly pale ochraceous ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 4^ to 5 millim. 

Hob, Andaman Sea (Indian Marine Survey, Alcock). 

Genus VENTIDIUS. 
Ventidius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 149 (1910). 

Type, V. aquariiis, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Travancore. 

Head longer than broad, roundly truncate anteriorly ; eyes- 
large, oblique, their inner margins rounded, directed backward 
beyond the anterior margin of the pronotum ; antennae with the 
first and second joints distinctly and somewhat longly hirsute, 
second joint less prominently hirsute than the first which is about 
as long as the anterior femora, second and third subequal in length, 
each a little longer than the fourth ; pronotum about as long as 
breadth between the pronotal angles, the lateral margins oblique, 
the anterior narrowing to head, the posterior narrowing to apex, 
which is broadly obtusely angulate ; hemelytra passing the 



VENTIDIUS. 157 

abdominal apex ; rostrum short, scarcely passing the anterior coxae; 
legs slender, anterior femora about as long as the anterior tibiae, 
inwardly a little spinous at apices, intermediate femora longer 
than posterior femora. (Macropterous form.) 

In the apterous or undeveloped form the pronotum is considerably 
shorter than broad. 

Allied to Metrocoris, but with the body shorter and broader, and 
with hirsute antennae. 



3930. Ventidius aquarius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 150 (1910). 

Macropterous form. Head and pronotum ochraceous, the latter 
with a large cruciform fascia and the sublateral and apical margins 
Hack ; eyes black ; antennas black, base of first joint ochraceous ; 




Fig. 84. Ventidius aquarius. 

iiemelytra black ; body beneath ochraceous ; legs and apex of 
rostrum black, bases of anterior femora ochraceous ; acetabula and 
coxae spotted with black; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Apterous form. Body above ochraceous ; pronotum with a 
narrow sublateral fascia, angulated and reaching margin at humeral 
angle, and two spots at centre of posterior margin continued 
obliquely across mesonotum, black, other markings generally as in 



158 APPENDIX. HYDBOMETBIDjE. 

macropterous form ; abdomen above ochraceous with the segmental 
margins black. 

Length, macropt. form 5; apt. form 4| inillim. 

Hob. Travancore; Pallode, 20 miles N.E. of Trivandrum 
(Annandale). 

" On roadside jungle-stream" (N. Annandale). 



Genus METROCORIS. (Vol. II, p. 188.) 
METEOCORIS STALL (Vol. II, p. 190.) 

The description previously given was after Dohrn and referred 
to the apterous form of the species. Since then from large 
collections that have passed through my hands I am now able to 
largely extend its distribution and describe the macropterous 
form. 

Macropterous form. Head as in apterous form of the species ; 
pronotum ochraceous, with a broad central longitudinal fascia 
(not reaching apex), on each side a broad moderately curved 
longitudinal fascia (united posteriorly but not reaching anterior 
margin), and the anterior margin, which is dilated backwardly 
and maculately on each side, black ; hemelytra black. 

This is the form described by Mayr under the name of 
M. brevis. 

Add: Hab. Sikhim ; Gangtok, 6150 ft., Shamaang, 3000 ft, 
(Ind. Mus.\ Kurseong, 5000 ft. (Ind. Mus.). United Provinces; 
Sath Tal, Kumaon, 4000 ft. (Annandale) Nepal; Pharping, Kat- 
mandu (Ind. Mus.). Ceylon; Haputta (Green), Madulsima, 
Bandarawela, Maskeliya (Bainbrigge-Fletcher}. 

2931. Metrocoris nepalensis, List. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 148 (1910). 

Head ochraceous, with a large central oblong black spot; 
antennae black, base of first joint broadly pale ochraceous; 
pronotum black, with two curved transverse ochraceous lines on 
posterior margin ; mesonotum black, the lateral margins and two 
discal angularly curved narrow fasciae ochraceous ; body beneath 
black with silvery white pubescence ; legs black ; coxae, trochanters, 
a longitudinal streak to anterior femora above, bases of anterior 
femora beneath, and apex of abdomen beneath, ochraceous ; 
rostrum ochraceous, its apex black and reaching the anterior 
coxae ; antennae with the first joint long, only a little shorter than 
the anterior tibiae, second joint a little more than half the length 
of first (remaining joints mutilated in typical specimens) ; anterior 
tibiae distinctly inwardly spinous at apex ; intermediate femora 
slightly longer than posterior femora ; body above shortly and a 
little more palely pilose. 

Length 4| to 5 millim. 



METEOCOEIS. 




Fig. 85. Metrocoris nepalensis. 

Hob. Nepal ; Katmandu and Soondrijal (Annandale). 
I have not seen a macropterous form of this species. 

2932. Metrocoris nigrofasciatus, Dist. Fascic. Malay Zool. i, p. 257, 
pi. xv, f. 9 (f. aptera) (1903). 

Apterous form. Ochraceous ; a discal spot on head, eyes, 
anterior and posterior margins, and a central longitudinal fascia 
to pronotuta, the last extending over the mesonotum, which has 
also two slightly curved fasciae on each lateral area of its anterior 
half and two sinuate transverse fasciae crossing its posterior half 
which are united a little before lateral margins, margins of 
abdominal segments above, a longitudinal lateral basal marginal 
line to abdomen beneath, a small linear spot at base and apex of 
intermediate coxse beneath, a longitudinal fascia to posterior coxa& 
above, two longitudinal fasciae to anterior femora above, anterior 
tibiae and tarsi, antenniferous tubercles, antennas (excluding base), 
a spot at base and the apex to rostrum, black ; intermediate and 
posterior legs somewhat brownish ochraceous. Ovate, widest 
behind the middle ; head broadly convex ; anterior femora stout> 
moderately curved, with a stout tuberculous tooth near apex ;. 



160 



APPENDIX. HYDKOMETRID.E. 



anterior tibiae stout, about as long as femora ; intermediate femora 
longer and a little stouter than the posterior femora. 




Fig. 86. Metrocoris nigrofasciatus, var. 

Macropterous form. Hemelytra black ; pronotum with the 
lateral fasciae transversely united anteriorly in typical form, not 
transversely united in varietal form figured above. 

Length, apt. form, c? 6 ; macropt. form, 5| to 6 millim. 

Hob. United Provinces ; Bhura, Naini Tal (Ind. Mus.). Lower 
Burma ; Dawna Hills, 2000-3000 ft. (Annandale). Malay Penin- 
sula ; Siamese States (Annandale), Pahang (Craddock, Coll. Dist.). 

I originally described and figured the apterous form of the 
species ; I now possess macropterous forms from Pahang (its first 
known province) and both forms from India. 



Genus GERASTRATUS. 

Gerastratus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 148 (1910). 

Type, G.foveatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head about as broad as long, the apex transversely rounded, 
the disk between the eyes strongly roundly foveate ; eyes with the 
inner margins truncately rounded, moderately produced posteriorly 
over the lateral margins of the pronotum ; front of head 
perpendicularly depressed to rostrum, which is short, stout, and 



GEBASTEATUS. 



161 



not passing the anterior coxae ; antennae moderately long, first 
joint a little curved and about as long as the anterior tibiae, second, 
third, and fourth joints subequal in length, second and third 
together only a little longer than first; pronotum short, considerably 
shorter than head, the lateral margins oblique, the posterior 
margin truncate ; mesonotum more than twice as long as 
pronotum ; anterior femora a little thickened, longer than the 
tibiae, which are inwardly spinous at apex ; intermediate and 
posterior femora almost equal in length, the intermediate longer 
than the posterior tibiae ; posterior tarsi about half the length of 
posterior tibiae. 

Allied to Metrocoris, from which it differs by the structure of the 
head. 

2933. Gerastratus foveatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 149 (1910). 
Head ochraceous, a large black spot in front of the discal 




\ 



Fig. 87. Gerastratus foveatus. 

foveation which is inwardly margined with black; 'antennae black, 
the basal joint ochraceous at base ; eyes black, brownish ochraceous 
YOL. Y. M 



162 APPENDIX. 

at base ; pro- and mesonota ochraceous ; pronotum anteriorly, 
sublaterally, and centrally longitudinally black ; mesonotum with 
three longitudinal black fasciae not reaching the posterior margin, 
the central fascia straight, the other two broader and slightly 
curved, a more obsolete black fascia on each lateral margin ; body 
beneath ochraceous ; anterior femora ochraceous broadly outwardly 
streaked with black, anterior tibiae and tarsi black, intermediate 
and posterior legs black, intermediate femora beneath streaked 
with ochraceous, coxae and trocbanters ochraceous with black 
markings ; abdomen above black, with a large longitudinal lateral 
ochraceous spot and with a small spot of the same colour above the 
insertion of the intermediate legs ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length <3| millim. 

Hub. Kumaon; Bhim Tal, 4500 ft. (Annandale). 

A single apterous specimen taken by Dr. Annandale and now 
in the Indian Museum. 



Genus EUODUS. 
Euodus, Dist. A M. N. H. (8) v, p. 150 (1910). 

Type, E. commums, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head slightly longer than broad, the angles in front of eyes 
slightly prominent; eyes oblique, their inner margins round'ed, 
moderately extending over the lateral margins of the pronotum ; 
antennas with the first joint longest, a little curved, shorter than 
the anterior tibiae, second and third joints about equal in length, 
each shorter than first and longer than fourth ; rostrum slightly 
passing the anterior coxae ; pronotum short, shorter than head, 
narrower than mesonotum, the lateral margins a little rounded, 
posterior margin truncate and very slightly sinuate ; mesonotum 
large, posteriorly widened, nearly twice broader at base than 
long, centrally longitudinally impressed, the anterior angles dis- 
tinctly projecting beyond the pronotum, the lateral margins oblique, 
the basal margin truncate, laterally obliquely subangularly rounded 
to humeral angles, the basal area with two transverse, curved 
carinate lines, the anterior one laterally continued upward ; 
abdomen above, in male, with the margins upwardly laminately 
produced and reflexed, the lateral margins convexly produced, the 
posterior segmental margin before the anal appendage truncately 
sinuate ; anterior femora a little longer than anterior tibiae, which 
are unarmed in both sexes, intermediate femora a little longer than 
posterior femora, the intermediate tibiae distinctly longer than the 
posterior tibiae. 

Allied to Metrocoris, from which it differs by the shorter and 
broader mesonotum, the different structure of the abdomen above, 
different shape of the head, &c. 



XABOANDELU6. 163 

2934. Euodus communis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 151 (1910). 

Body above brownish ochraceous ; head with a broad central 
longitudinal black fascia ; eyes and antennae black ; pronotum 
with three longitudinal black fasciae, the central straight, the other 
two oblique, all three anteriorly connected by a transverse black 




Fig. 88. Euodus communis. 



line ; mesonotum with three central longitudinal black fascia?, not 
reaching base, the central fascia straighter and narrower, between 
the transverse carinate lines a curved sub-basal black fascia not 
quite reaching the humeral angles ; abdomen above blackish ; body 
beneath pale ochraceous ; legs blackish ; large spots to inter- 
mediate and posterior acetabula pale ochraceous ; coxae and tro- 
chanters more or less brownish ochraceous ; anterior femora 
longitudinally fasciated with pale ochraceous ; structural characters 
as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 to 4| millim. 

Hob. Kumaon"; Sath Tal, 4000 feet (Annandalc). 

Genus NABOANDELTJS. 

Naboandelus,D.'5. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 151 (1910). 

Type, N. signalus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Body short and broad; head about as long as breadth between 



164 



APPENDIX. HTDBOMBTBIDJE. 



eyes, which are rounded, not inwardly emarginate but somewhat 
truncate, scarcely projecting over the anterior angles of the 
pronotum ; antennae moderately robust, first joint longest, longer 
than head, moderately curved, second, third, and fourth joints 
al ost subsequal in length ; rostrum reaching the anterior coxae ; 
pronotum short and transverse, considerably shorter than head, the 
an erior margin truncate, the posterior margin moderately convex ; 
m sonotum more than twice as long as pronotum, nearly twice as 
broad at base as long, the lateral margins convexly rounded and 
narrowing towards pronotum ; abdomen in female about as long 
as pro- and mesonota together, in male a little longer ; anterior 
femora a little longer than the tibiae, the tarsi robust and only a 
little shorter than the tibiae, intermediate legs much longer than 
the posterior legs, the femora almost subequal in length and 
shorter than the body, the intermediate tibiae longer than the 
femora and much longer than the posterior tibiae. 
All the specimens which I have seen are apterous. 



2935. Naboandelus signatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 152 (1910). 

Black ; thickly, shortly pilose; head with the anterior and inner 
margins greyish, the inner ocular margins connected at basal 
margin, ochraceous; pronotum with a large central ochraceous 
spot; lateral margins of mesonotum greyish; body beneath 




Fig. 89. Naboandelus signatus. 

bluish ; rostrum (excluding apex), an elongate spot at posterior 
acetabula, and the anal segment and appendage ochraceous ; legs 
and apex of rostrum black, more than basal halves of femora 



NACEBUS. 165 

ochraceous ; lateral margins of the mesonotum somewhat longly 
pilose ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length, J and $, 2 milliin. 

Hob. Calcutta (Ind. Mus.\ 

This species was found in the Calcutta tanks. 

Genus NACEBUS. 
Nacebus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 152 (1910). 

Type, N. dux, Dist. 

Distribution. India and Burma. 

Body subelongate ; head about as long as breadth between eyes, 
the apex broad and subtruncate, the lateral apical angles distinctly 
subproininent ; eyes inwardly somewhat rounded or roundly trun- 
cate, not eraarginate, not produced over the anterior margins of 




Fig. 90. Nacebics dux. 

the pronotum ; antennae with the first and second joints stouter 
than third and fourth joints, first joint about as long as head, 
second shortest, only a little more than half the length of first, 
third and fourth subequal in length, each a little shorter than 
first ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; pronotum very 
short, almost appearing only as a broad anterior collar ; mesono- 
tum three times as long as pronotum, the anterior and posterior 
margins truncate, the lateral margins a little roundly oblique ; 
abdomen (excluding anal appendage) about as long as head and 
pro- and mesonota together, the anal appendage long and slender ; 
anterior legs moderately stout, the femora twice as long as the 



166 APPENDIX. HYDBOMETBIDJE. 

tibise ; the anterior tarsi short, robust, about half as long as the 
tibiae ; intermediate legs much longer than posterior legs, inter- 
mediate femora nearly as long as body, the intermediate tibise a 
little shorter than the femora, intermediate tarsi about half the 
length of the tibia?. 

The above description is taken from a number of apterous forms 
received from different localities. Nacebus is allied to Rhayado- 
tarsiis, Bredd., from which it differs by the structure of the head 
and thorax. 

2936. Nacebus dux, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v,p. 153 (1910). 

Body above and beneath, antennae, rostrum, and legs black ; 
pronotum, anterior femora (excluding apices), acetabula, coxae 
and trochanters ochraceous ; disk of mesonotum and abdomen 
distinctly more opaque in coloration ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length (inch anal append.) 4 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. Lower Burma ; Mudon, Amherst Distr. 
(Annanda le). 

At Calcutta this species was found in the tanks. 



HENICOCEPHALID.S. 167 

Family HENICOCEPHALID^. (Vol. II, p. 193.) 

Genus HENICOCEPHALUS. (Vol. II, p. 193.) 

2937. Henicocephalus barbatus, Beryr. Ann. Mus. Hung, iv, p. 323 

(1900). 

Head, anterior and middle lobes of pronotura, and snutellum ochra- 
ceous, posterior pronotal lobe castaneous ; eyes black ; antennae 
testaceous brown, third and fourth joints paler and more distinctly 
pilose ; head beneath, sternum and anterior legs ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath, intermediate aud posterior legs stramineous ; 
hemelytra fuscous, distinctly pale ochraceous at base and basal 
third of subcostal margin ; antennas with the basal joint a little 
thickened at apex and slightly passing apex of head and a little 




. Henicocephalus barbatus. 



longer than the head in front of an tenniferous- tubercles, longer than 
either third or fourth, the latter a little shorter than third ; prono- 
tum subequal in length to head, middle lobe centrally longitudinally 
impressed and on each side distinctly roundly foveately impressed ; 
scutellum smooth, the apex moderately produced ; anterior femora 
moderately thickened, anterior tibiae slightly but distinctly dilated. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Kandy (Madardsz, Mus. Hongrois). 

By the kind assistance of Dr. Horvath, the type is here figured. 



168 APPENDIX. HENICOCEPHALIDJB. 

2938. Henicocephalus hellicus, sp. n. 

Head with the anteocular area piceous, postocular area casta- 
neous, basal collar ochraceous ; pronotum black ; head beneath and 
sternum piceous ; abdomen beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; 
femora (excluding apices) more or less dull castaneous brown, tibiae 
(excluding base) more palely of the same colour ; hemelytra black 
or piceous, base of corium and clavus and margins of membrane 
ochraceous ; scutellum ochraceous ; antennae short, with the first 
and second joints piceous, third and fourth pale ochraceous, first 
joint not quite reaching apex of head, second longer than third, 
subequal in length to fourth ; rostrum ochraceous ; pronotum 
subequal in length to head, anterior lobe narrow, middle lobe 
wider than anterior but narrower than posterior lobe, the latter 
shorter than middle lobe and laterally subprominent ; anterior 
femora moderately thickened, anterior tibiae towards apices dis- 
tinctly dilated ; membrane reaching the abdominal apex. 

Length 5 millim. 
Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 

The short antennae and pale margin of the membrane are aids 
to the identification of this species. A single example was sent to 
me by Mr. E. E. Green. 

2939. Henicocephalus mellinus, sp. n. 

Head, antennae, rostrum, pronotum, scutellum, body beneath, and 
legs dull yellow ; hemelytra fuscous ; corium with the costal margin, 
more broadly near middle, dull yellow ; antennae with the basal joint 
not reaching apex of head, second joint longest, considerably 
longer than either third or fourth joints ; head with the anterior 
area somewhat broad and (excluding apex) moderately infuscate, 
posterior area with the lateral margins somewhat strongly convex, 
basal collar large, distinct and paler in hue ; pronotum subequal 
in length to head, anterior lobe short with two distinct central 
callosities, middle lobe convex, sculptured, very much longer and 
under than anterior and distinctly longer and* slightly narrower 
than posterior lobe; scutellum with the margins ridged, its apex 
obtuse ; anterior femora moderately thickened ; anterior tibiae 
dilated towards apex beneath where there is a distinct somewhat 
long spinule. 

Length 4| millim. 

Rah. Calcutta. 



REDUVIID.E. 169 



Family REDUVIIDJE. (Vol. II, p. 196.) 

Subfamily HOLOPTILIN.E. (Vol. II, p. 198.) 

Genus PTILOCERUS. (Vol. II, p. 198.) 

2940. Ptilocerus umbrosus, Montand. Ann. Mus. Hung. \, p. 418 

(1907). 

"Corium elongate, a little more than one-third of the total 
length of the hemelytra ; marginal cell transparent, straight, long, 
at least three times longer than broad, hardly broader than the 
discoidal cell; membrane strongly darkened with a large pale 
marginal spot situated a little after the middle of the total length 
of the hemelytra and some small pale indistinct rounded spots 
near the disk ; nervures indistinct, as in P. unicolor, Montand., 
a little more plainly prolonged behind, the aperture between the 
discoidal veins clearly directed towards the posterior border of 
the membrane, within the posterior external angle, forming a 
median apical cell not closed at the extremity, the smooth shiny 
vitreous part of the membrane behind the corium straighter, less 
transparent and less visible than in the preceding species [P. unicolor 
and P. subreticulatus, Montand.]." (Montandon.) 

Length 7| millim. 

Hub. Burma ; Karen-ni (Fea). Sumatra (Modigliani, Genoa 
Mus.). 

" This species somewhat resembles the figure given by Westwood 
(Thes. Entom. pi. xxxvi, f. 9) of his Holoptilus burmanicus, which 
is certainly a Ptilocerus, but in the drawing referred to, the veins 
of the corium appear of a very dark colour and prolonged behind 
on the vitreous space of the membrane behind the corium, and 
this vitreous space appears more enlarged than in P. umbrosus, in 
which the veins are less visible and which has besides two large 
pale spots on the margin, whilst it is entirely and almost uniformly 
dark in P. burmanicus, &c." (Montandon.) 

2941. Ptilocerus montandoni, sp. n. 

Fuscous grey, head with a few long porrect hairs on each side 
behind eyes, the whole upper surface also thickly coarsely pilose ; 
antennae with the second joint very longly setose on each 
side, longer than the other joints together, first joint short and 
globose, third and fourth joints more slender, the latter pyriform ; 
pronotum thickly longly pilose, the anterior margin pale ochraceous. 
foveately impressed on each side near anterior angles, the outer 
margins of the foveations pale ochraceous, a distinct tubercle near 



170 APPENDIX. BEDUVIID.T. 

each posterior angle ; scutellum obliquely and transversely pilose, 
its apex pale ochraceous ; corium shorter than greatest length of 
membrane, longly pilose, a somewhat rounded black spot at inner 
angle, and a larger spot of the same colour at apical angle (the 
apical spots are inconstant in size in the same specimen, as may be 




Fig. 92. Ptilocems montandoni. 

seen in the figure, supra), before these spots the inner margin of the 
corium is distinctly pale greyish ; membrane fuscous brown with 
small ochraceous spots ; body beneath pitchy brown, lateral 
margins of the sternum more or less greyish ; legs setose, the 
posterior tibia? very longly and densely setose. 

Length to apex of hemelytra, 5 millira. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Kandy (Green). 

I have named this species after Dr. A. L. Montandon, who is 
now our greatest authority on this subfamily. 

Genus HOLOPTILUS. (Vol. II, p. 199.) 
2942. Holoptilus flavns, Montand. Ann. Mus. Hung, v, p. 423 (1907). 

" Brownish yellow, very bright, fairly uniform, scarcely darker 
on the under surface of the abdomen ; the hairs and the membrane 
paler, the latter whitish, a little darkened about the base at the 
internal edge, with a subtriangular, moderately dark brown spot 
behind the disk of the corium and three or four small spots of the 
same colour along the external border of the membrane. Head 
subquadrangular with the eyes very small, situate a little before 
the middle of the lateral edges, without apparent tubercle on 
the vertex, ornamented with fairly long pale somewhat sparce 
hairs directed forwardly ; on each edge behind the eyes four more 
rigid hairs directed laterally and fan-like. Pronotum scarcely 
longer than the head, fairly contracted in front, the lateral 
margins sinuate behind the anterior third level with a transverse 
depression which traverses the breadth of the pronotum, almost 
forming a collar at the anterior area of the pronotum, glossy on the 
edges, with the anterior angles nearly straight, slightly rounded 



PLOIARIOLA. 171 

on disk; the posterior area of the pronotum enlarged and laterally 
rounded, with the hairs sparse on the disk and a little more dense 
on the surrounding surface ; scutellum inconspicuous, hidden 
under a series of stiff and fairly long hairs directed backwardly. 
Hemelytra somewhat strongly arcuate towards the external 
margin ; corium occupying the basal third, very acuminate at the 
apex, with two long, subtransparent cells fairly visible, the 
external scarcely broader but twice longer than the internal, the 
veins of the same tint as the head and pronotum. Membrane 
passing the apex of the abdomen by a little more than a fourth of 
its length, whitish, with the base a little darkened between the white 
veins, especially on a longitudinal band a little enlarged dividing 
the internal angle of the membrane and a rather better indicated, 
subtriangular and somewhat irregular brown spot behind the apex 
of the corium beyond the small clear semi-vitreous band which 
borders narrowly and fairly regularly the base of the membrane 
along the internal edge of the corium ; two or three small, brown, 
punctiform spots on the lateral external margin and two others 
scarcely better marked and a little elongated towards the apex. 
Antennae with the second joint palely flavous, the pilosity fairly 
dense but not compact as in a brush, similar to that of the 
posterior tibiae, rather long and paler than the teguments. Abdo- 
men darkened beneath, more clear and yellow on the middle of 
the disk." (Montandon.) 

" Length 5*4 millim from the apex of the head to the extremity 
of the membrane." 

Nab. "India ; Maissour Grathes " (fide Montand., Miis. Paris). 

Subfamily EMESLN^E. (Vol. II, p. 200.) 

Genus PLOIARIOLA. (Vol. II, p. 201.) 
2943. Ploiariola pygmaea, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 363 (1906). 

Head fuscous brown, the eyes black ; antennae creamy white 
with numerous fuscous spots or annulations ; pronotum with the 
anterior lobe piceous, the posterior lobe fuscous, the former much 
irrorated with linear white markings and with its lateral 
margins ochraceous, the latter with its lateral margins and 
three central carinate lines (of which the central is incomplete 
and the two lateral meet anteriorly) creamy white, its posterior 
margin ochraceous ; abdomen above fuscous, beneath greyish with 
fuscous spots ; legs creamy white with fuscous spots or annulations ; 
hemelytra creamy white with darker mottlings, on basal area the 
mottlings are fuscous and on costal margin, there are fuscous spots : 
first joint of antennae about as long as intermediate femora, second 
very little shorter than first ; posterior femora about as long as 
the whole body ; anterior area of pronotum a little shorter than 
the posterior area, pronotal margins slightly sinuate. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 



172 APPENDIX. EEDUTIIDJi:. 

2944. Ploiariola mixta, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 501 (1909). 

Head cimiamomeous, clothed with a greyish pubescence ; eyes 
black ; antennae pale stramineous ; prouotum cimiamomeous ; the 
anterior area and lateral margins speckled with greyish ; body 
beneath and rostrum piceous, the apical joint of the latter pale 




Fig. 93. Ploiariola mixta. 

stramineous; anterior legs pale cinnamon-brown, the femora and 
tibiae annulated with pale greyish ; intermediate and posterior 
legs pale stramineous ; hemelytra greyish, thickly speckled and 
spotted with pale brownish, three prominent dark spots on costal 
margin, the first at about one-third from base, the second near 
middle, the third before apex ; claval area thickly spotted ; 
scutellum spined at base and apex. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hal. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

Allied to P. oculata, Eeut. (vol. ii. p. 202), but with the pronotum 
narrower and more elongate, intermediate and posterior legs 
unspotted, hemelytra much darker and altogether differently 
spotted and marked. 



2945. Ploiariola polita, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 502 (1909). 

Head greyishly pubescent, finely spotted with black ; antennae 
mutilated in typical specimen ; pronotum with the anterior area 



OALPHUENIA. 



173 



greyish white spotted with black, the posterior area yellowish 
grey, with a central line, the lateral margins (narrowly), and ihe 
basal margin (broadly and sinuately) ochraceous ; rostrum pale 
stramineous spotted with brown ; prosternum chocolate-brown, 




Fig. 94. Ploiariola polita. 

the margins ochraceous ; meso- and metasterna black, greyishly 
tomentose ; abdomen mutilated in typical specimen ; anterior legs 
greyish, coxae, femora and .tibiae spotted with brownish, inter- 
mediate and posterior legs thickly spotted with brownish ; hem- 
elytra pale greyish white, claval and basal areas, the basal divisional 
membranal veins, and the apical and inner margins spotted with 
brownish, the pale areas indistinctly and subobsoletely spotted ; 
scutellum spined at base and apex. 

Length 7 millkn. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Hakgala ( Green). 

This is to be differentiated from the previous species and that 
enumerated and described in the second volume of this publication 
by the more subquadrate pronotum, the thickly spotted intermediate 
and posterior legs, and the very distinct pattern and markings of 
the hemelytra. 

Genus CALPHURNIA. 
(To follow Ploiariola,^ bl. II, p. 201.) 
Calphurnia, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 602 (1909). 

Type, C. reticulata, Dist. 

Distribution. Calcutta; Ceylon. 

Head with the postocular area considerably longer than the 
anteocular area, rounded, convexly narrowed at base, transversely 
constricted between the eyes, and with a more or less distinct 
basal collar ; antennae with the first joint as long or longer than 
the head, pronotum, and scutellum together, second joint a little 



174 APPENDIX. KEDUY1IDJE. 

shorter than third ; rostrum passing base of head, basal joint 
reaching but nob passing eyes ; pronotura elongate, narrowed 
anteriorly, with a prominent anterior lobe distinctly divided above 
and beneath ; scutellum not spiued ; hemelytra with the coriuni 
distinctly transversely veined, the central membranal veins 
posteriorly and lobately united, membrane slightly passing the 
abdominal apex ; anterior coxae shorter than the femora, which 
are again longer than the tibiae ; intermediate and posterior legs 
long and slender ; anterior tarsi three-jointed ; legs in typical 
form somewhat longly spinulose, but this does not appear to be a 
constant character. 

This genus has a superficial resemblance to Ploiariola, from 
which it differs by the different shape of the head, the distinct 
anterior lobe of the pronotum, the non-spinous scutellum, the 
transversely veined corium, and the distinctly veined membrane, 
&c. 



2946. Calphurnia reticulata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 603 (1909). 

Body and legs pale ochraceous-; hemelytra greyish white, the 
venation fuscous ; membrane with the basal area speckled with 
plumbeous and its apical and inner area spotted with the same 




Fig. 95. Culpliurnia reticulata. 

colour ; antennae a little darker and more brownish in hue, first 
joint subequal in length to that of the head, pronotum and 
scutellum together, second joint a little shorter than third ; head 



CALPHUENIA. 175 

distinctly transversely impressed between eyes and slightly pe- 
dunculate at base ; prpnotum with the anterior lobe about half 
the length of posterior lobe, which is moderately widened towards 
base ; anterior coxae faintly and anterior femora distinctly annulated 
with brownish near apex, intermediate and posterior legs distinctly 
finely spinulose ; hemelytra scarcely passing the abdominal apex ; 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 



2947. Calphurnia? aberrans, Dist. A. M.N.H. (8) iii,p. 503 (1909). 

Body and legs pale greyish brown ; hemelytra greyish white, 
somewhat thickly spotted and speckled with plumbeous, the 
venation fuscous ; antennae with the first joint about as long as 
the intermediate femora, second joint shorter than first but much 
longer than third ; head narrowed at base, but not distinctly 
pedunculate, transversely compressed between the eyes ; pronotum 




Fig. 90. Calphurnia ? aberrans. 

with the anterior lobe more than half the length of the posterior 
lobe, which is a little widened towards base ; apex of anterior 
coxse and annulations to anterior femora and tibiae brownish, 
posterior femora with two blackish annulations one before, the 
other near middle ; legs not spinulose ; hemelytra slightly passing 



176 APPENDIX. BEDUYIIDJB. 

the abdominal apex ; sternum and head beneath more or less 
piceous. 

Length 6| millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

This species, by the longer antennae and different proportional 
length of joints, the longer anterior prouotal lobe, and the non- 
spinulose legs, differs from the typical form of the genus as repre- 
sented by G. reticulata. The distinct venation of the hemelytra 
is, however, maintained, and I have provisionally included it in 
Calphurnia. 



Genus BAGAUDA. (Vol. II, p. 207.) 

2948. Bagauda splendens, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 364 (1906). 
Baguada decorus, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Selg. 1909, p. 301. 

Ochraceous ; head and anterior margin of pronotum piceous 
eyes, posterior lobe of pronotum, scutellum, membrane, anterior 
femora (excluding base), anterior tibiae, and apical area of abdomen 
beneath, black ; scutellum with two discal ochraceous lines ; 
corium longitudinally castaneous brown between the veins and 
with a pale creamy patch before the membrane, the latter with a 
central pale vein ; pronotum more than twice as long as head, the 
anterior lobe constricted and longer than posterior lobe, which is 
gibbous, with a central longitudinal narrow ridge, and with a 
nodule near each posterior angle, its basal margin sinuate ; first 
joint of antennae about as long as the intermediate femora and 
much longer than the second joint ; corium transversely striate in 
each lateral area ; posterior femora about as long as entire body, 
intermediate and posterior femora annulated with creamy white at 
apices. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



Genus GUITHERA. 

Guitbera, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 364 (1906). 
? Lutevula, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 303. 

Type, Luteva feana, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 209, fig. 147). 

Distribution. Burma, Ceylon. 

Head suboval, convex above and beneath, subequal in width to 
apex of pronotum, narrower in front of eyes than behind ; rostrum 
with the second joint slightly longer than first, shorter than third ; 
first joint of antennae about twice as long as pronotum ; pronotum 
less than twice the length of head, above mesonotum outwardly 
produced, base only slightly wider than apex, medially constricted, 
basal margin not sinuate ; scutellum subtriangular ; hemelytra 



LTJTEVA. 177 

reaching or just passing abdominal apex ; anterior femora 
moderately incrassated, beneath finely spinose, basal spines most 
prominent, anterior tibiae and tarsi united shorter than femora, 
the tarsus single-jointed ; anterior coxae a little more than half 
the length of anterior femora, posterior femora a little longer than 
the abdomen. 

Allied to Bayauda, Bergr. 



2949. Ghiithera hortensia, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 364 (1906). 
? Lutevula lutea, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 303. 

Ochraceous ; head, basal half of posterior lobe of pronotum, 
scutellum, extreme base of corium, and membrane piceous ; 
antennae castaneous brown ; bead scarcely longer than anterior 
lobe of pronotum ; first joint of antennae about as long as hem- 
elytra and much longer than second joint ; anterior lobe of 
pronotum longer than posterior lobe, the first semiglobose with a 
central longitudinal incised line, the latter with a nodule on each 
side of its anterior margin, the posterior angles subacute and sub- 
prominent, a little directed backward ; corium transversely striate 
on each lateral area between the veins ; membrane reaching 
abdominal apex ; anterior coxae a little more than half the length 
of anterior femora ; posterior femora a little longer than the 
abdomen. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green}. 



2950. Guithera nubifera, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 365 (1906). 

Ochraceous ; eyes black ; corium and apical area of abdomen 
beneath fuscous brown ; membrane pale brown with greenish 
iridescence ; first joint of antennae considerably longer than hem- 
elytra, more than twice as long as second joint ; pronotum strongly 
centrally channelled, posterior lobe with a nodule near each 
posterior angle ; corium slightly piceous at extreme base ; anterior 
coxae considerably shorter than anterior femora ; posterior femora 
as long as the whole body ; antennae very pale fuscous. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



Genus LUTEVA. (Vol. II, p. 208.) 

9951. Luteva malayana, Dist. Fuse. Malay. Zool. i, p. 258, pi. xvi, 
f. 2 a (1903). 

Pale luteous ; lateral margins of pro- and mesonota and the 
intermediate and posterior legs fuscous ; hemelytra creamy white 
with a rather large pale slaty-coloured spot in the membranal 

vox, v, JT 



178 APPENDIX. BEDTJYIIDjE. 

cellular spaces; eyes black; first joint of antennae longer than 
abdomen, scarcely longer than second joint ; hemelytra about 
reaching abdominal apex; posterior femora as long as body in- 
cluding head, considerably passing abdominal apex. 




Fig. W.Luteva malayana. 

Length 7 inillim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). Siamese Malay States 
(Annandale <$f Robinson). 



Genus ELYMAS. (To precede Plcearia, Vol. II, p. 209.) 
Elymas, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 504 (1909). 

Type, E. prcesentans, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head strongly narrowed at base, transversely impressed be- 
tween eyes, anteocular a little shorter than postocular area ; 
rostrum reaching the anterior coxae, first joint short, not reaching 
eyes, second longest ; antennae long, slender, first joint longest, 
about as long as from apex of mesonotum to apex of abdomen, 
second joint shorter than first and about as long as abdomen ; 
pronotum elongate, a little widened at apex and a little shorter 
than anterior coxae ; mesonotum laterally sinuate, moderately 
widened posteriorly ; apterous ; abdomen above with the lateral 
margins recurved and ridged, almost meeting on apical area, the 



ELYMAS. 179 

apical appendage globosely elongate and apically concavely ex- 
cavate ; anterior femora about one-third longer than the anterior 
coxae, slightly attenuated at junction with trochanters, moderately 
sinuate on basal half, finely spinulose beneath for nearly their 
entire length ; anterior tibiae about half the length of the femora; 
anterior tarsi single-jointed, about one-fourth shorter than the 
tibiae; intermediate and posterior legs long, slender, posterior 
femora slightly curved and nearly as long as the whole body, the 
tibiae considerably longer than the femora, the posterior legs 
longer than the intermediate legs. 

2952. Elymas praesentans, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 504 (1909). 
Body above brownish ochraceous ; lateral margins of head 




Fig. 98. Elymas prasentans. 

behind eyes, lateral margins of thorax above, lateral margins of 
abdomen above, and the anal appendage black ; body beneath 
black ; rostrum brownish ochraceous with black annulations ; 
anterior cox# and legs piceous, a subapical annulation to femora 



180 



APPENDIX. BEDIJVIIDJE. 



and the base of the tarsi ochraceous ; intermediate and posterior 
legs brownish ochraceous, becoming piceous towards apices, apices 
of femora and bases of posterior tibiae, and a subapical annulation 
to intermediate tibiae, pale greyish ; antennae piceous ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 12 milliin. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Kandy (Green). 



Genus PLCEARIA. (Vol. II, p. 209.) 
2953. Ploearia anak, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 505 (1909). 

More or less pale ochraceous ; vertex with a transverse fascia 
in front of eyes connected with two central lines extending to 
base, brownish ochraceous ; a lateral longitudinal fascia on each 
side of pronotum and two short central lines to both ineso- and 
metanota brownish-ochraceous ; abdomen above with more or less 
distinct central longitudinal segmental lines, on each side of which 




Fig. 99. Plaearia anak. 

are small dots, and spots to connexivum, fuscous ; a spot near apex 
of anterior coxa?, two large lateral spots on each side of anterior 
femora, a spot on each side of base of rostrum, and an annulation 
to basal joint of same, fuscous brown ; apical joints of rostrum 



GARDEN A. 181 

pale brownish ; abdomen beneath with the lateral margins irregu- 
larly pale brownish; antennae a little darker in hue, first and 
second joints subequal in length and each about as long as abdo- 
men ; rostrum with the basal joint passing eyes ; pronotum 
elongate, about as long as rneso- and metauota together, anteriorly 
roundly dilated, the anterior margin truncate ; abdomen strongly 
attenuated at base, beyond basal segment gradually ovately 
widened and again narrowed towards apex ; intermediate and 
posterior femora a little darker in hue with their apices pale 
ochraceous ; anterior trochanters with a single strong prominent 
spine. 

Length 11 milliin. 

Hob. Lucknow (AitTceri). 

Genus GARDENA. (Vol. II, p. 214.) 
2954. Gardena fasciata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) Hi, p. 505 (1909). 

Head, pronotum and mesouotum chocolate-brown, pronotum 
with a broad sublateral greyish fascia on each side, mesonotum 
with three central greyish fasciae, the central fascia broadest, the 
lateral fasciae narrower ; hemelytra greyish brown ; head beneath 




Fig. 100. Gardena fasciata. 

and sternum black, the latter greyish ly tomeutose ; legs greyish 
brown, coxae (excluding apices) and trochanters shining black ; 
abdomen above and beneath greyish piceous ; antennae mutilated 
in typical specimen ; head about as long as mesouotum, shorter 
than pronotum ; hemelytra extending to the base of the penulti- 
mate abdominal segment ; anterior femora palely annulate near 
apex, finely spinose beneath from about one-third from base, 
anterior tarsi three-jointed ; rostrum reaching the base of the 



182 APPENDIX. REDUVIIDJE. 

anterior coxae, basal joint incrassate, darker than the remaining 
joints; intermediate tibiae apically palely annulate, intermediate 
and posterior tarsi mutilated in typical specimen. 

Length 15 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

I have only seen an incomplete specimen of this well-marked 
species. 



Subfamily SAICIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 217.) 

Genus POLYTOXUS. (Vol. II, p. 217.) 
2955. Polytoxus formidabilis, sp. n. 

Head very pale ochraceous ; basal joint of antennae ochraceous, 
about as long as posterior tibiae, head strongly transversely im- 
pressed behind eyes ; pronotum pale stramineous, posterior lobe 
much shorter than anterior lobe which is narrowed towards head, 
has its basal margin moderately concave and possesses an elongate 
foveation on each lateral area, posterior lobe with a long spine, 
shorter than pronotum, directed upwardly and forwardly on each 
posterior angle ; scutellum with a long erect slightly backwardly 
directed spine, about as long as the prouotal spines ; hemelytra 
very pale stramineous ; head beneath and rostrum very pale 
ochraceous ; sternum and abdomen pale stramineous, the disk of 
the latter piceous ; legs pale ochraceous, anterior tibiae strongly 
curved, anterior femora with a series of strong spines beneath. 

Length 13 millim. 

Hab. Madras Province ; Kodaikanal, Palni Hills (Coll. Dist.). 

This fine species, for which I am indebted to L)r. Montaridon, 
is allied to P. pallescens, Dist., from which it differs by the much 
longer prouotal and scutellar spines and the more strongly spiuous 
anterior femora. 



Subfamily TRIBELOCEPHALIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 219.) 

Genus TEIBELOCEPHALA. (Vol. II, p. 220.) 
2956. Tribelocephala orientalis, 8 p. n. 

Smaller than T. indica, Walk. (vol. ii, p. 220), the colour 
brownish ochraceous, not piceous ; principally to be distinguished 
from Walker's species by the shorter and comparatively broader 



OPtSTHOPLATYS. 183 

hemelytra and the different shape of the cellular areas to the 
membrane, which are better shown by the accompanying com- 
parative figures of the hemelytra of each species. 





Fig. 101. A. Tribelocephala indica. 

B. Tribelocephala orientalis. 

Length 10-10^ millim. 

Hob. Bombay (Coll Dist.). Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

Genus OPISTHOPLATYS. (Vol. II, p. 221.) 

In the generic characters of this genus as previously given 
(SM/>ra), it was stated " first joint of rostrum extending behind 
eyes." This though undoubtedly true of the species previously 
enumerated is not a character that is generically constant, as is 
evident from the description subsequently given of 0. cornutus. 

OPISTHOPLATYS MAJUSCULUS. (Vol. II, p. 221.) 

Since describing this species I have seen many examples from 
different localities. It appears to vary only in size and this it 
does to a considerable extent, the smaller individuals being only 
10^ millim. in length. 

Length 10f-16 millim. 

Add : Hob. Agra ; Kumaon. Philippine Islands. 

2957. Opisthoplatys cornutus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 506 
(1909). 

Head, antennae, pronotum, connexivum, body beneath, rostrum, 
and legs ochraceous ; scutellum and corium fuscous brown, basal 
and apical angles of the latter ochraceous ; membrane piceous 
black ; eyes black ; antennae longly pilose, first joint about as 
long as anterior femora, second joint slightly longer than first, 
the anteuniferous tubercles above produced in short, prominent, 



184 APPENDIX. BEDDVIID^. 

, slightly forvvardly curved tuberculous spines; rostrum with the 
'basal joint reaching but not passing eyes: pronotum with the 
anterior lobe only a little more than half the length of posterior 
lobe ; scutelluin granulose ; corium distinctly longitudinally 
broadly ridged, the costal ridge more prominent and not quite 




Fig. 102. Opisthoplatys cornutus. 

reaching apical angle, a second prominent discal ridge, and a 
subclaval less prominent ridge, between the ridges the colour is 
brownish ochraceous ; membranal veins a little ochraceous at 
base. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hab. Travancore ; W. Ghats, Tenmalai. 



Genus APOCAUCUS. 
Apocaucus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 500 (1909), 

Type, A. laneus, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head with the anterior lobe moderately porrect and a little 
produced in front of eyes, but clothed with long curled hairs, 
somewhat flattened on disk but longly produced and apically 
curled downward at their apices on lateral and anterior margins ; 
antenme longly pilose, first joint about as long as head, second 
shorter than first, remaining joints very slender : rostrum reaching 
the anterior coxae, first joint reaching eyes but not extending 
behind them ; pronotum narrowed anteriorly, the basal area cen- 
trally sulcately impressed, on each side of which are two callosities 
making a transverse series of four in all, the central ones largest ; 
scutellum callous at base ; elytra longly passing the abdominal 



STACCIA. 185 

apex ; legs slender, pilose, intermediate and posterior tibiae almost 
equally wide apart. 

This very peculiar genus is to be readily separated from 
Tribelocephala and Opisthoplatys by the long fleecy clothing to the 
head. 

2958. Apocaucus laneus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iii, p. 507 (1909). 

Head and pronotum castaneous brown, the long fleecy clothing 
to the former pale brownish ; scutellum and elytra fuscous brown, 
the latter with the marginal areas paler ; body beneath and legs 




Fig. 103. Apocaucus laneus. 

pale castaueous brown, the femora paler and more brownish 
ochraceous ; abdomen beneath smooth and shining ; legs and 
antennae finely pilose. 

Length 5^ millim. 

Hob. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong. 

Closely resembles a Monophlebus on the wing (N. Annandale). 



Subfamily STENOPODIN^. (Vol. II, p. 222.) 

Genus SASTRAPADA. (Vol. II, p. 224.) 

SASTUAPADA BAEBENSPBUNGI. (Vol. II, p. 224.) 
Sastrapada bipunctata, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 304. 



Genus STACCIA. (Vol. II, p. 225.) 

STACCIA DILUTA. (Vol. II, p. 225.) 
Staccia javanica, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. 1909, p. 305. 



186 



APPENDIX. REDUYIIUJE. 



Genus AULACOGENIA. (To replace Diaditus, Vol. II, p. 226.) 
Aulacogenia, Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 700. 
Diaditus (part.), Dist. (Vol. II, p. 226.) 
Allomastix, Bergr. Wien. Ent. Zeit. xxv, p. 4 (1906). 

Type, A. acutanyula, Stll, from the Philippines. 
Distribution. India and the Malay Archipelago. 

Aulacogenia corniculata, St&l, Ofv. Vet.-Ak.- Fdrh. 1870, p. 701 
Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 305. 



Diaditus errabund 
Allomastix errabun 



us, Dist. (Vol. II, p. 226, f. 160.) 
ndus, Bergr. Wien. Ent. Zeit. xxv, 



p. 4 (1906). 



In describing and generically locating this species, I relied on 
the character given by Stal in his generic diagnosis " tibiis com- 
pressis" and had not then noticed that in a second species he had 
described the tibiae as " angustce." Breddin states that he has 
compared the Ceylonese form with A. corniculata and is satisfied 
with their identity. He appears to have been unaware that Ber- 
groth (1906) had proposed a new genus for its reception, which 
is certainly, at least, of subgeneric rank. 

Add : Hob. To Ceylon must now be added Java ; Philippines. 

Genus ONCOCEPHALUS. (Vol. II, p. 227.) 

2959. Oncocephalus aterrimus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bcly. liii, p. 3G3 
(1909). 




Fig. 104. Oncocephalus aterrimus. 
Black ; spots to connexivum, a single annulation to intermediate 



13ARDESANES. 187 

femora, two ampliations to posterior femora, two annulations to 
all the tibiae, tarsi, apices of coxae arid the trochanters ochraceous ; 
head with the anterior lobe about twice as long as the posterior 
lobe, granulose, transversely impressed between the eyes, a short 
line spine at base of antenniferous tubercles ; first joint of 
antennae outwardly curved, shorter than head, second joint twice 
as long as first and distinctly pilose ; first joint of rostrum reach- 
ing eyes ; pronoturn granulose, with two more or less distinct 
central longitudinal levigate lines, the anterior angles shortly 
tuberculously prominent, the lateral margins of the prosternum 
visible on each side of the lateral margins of the anterior pronotal 
lobe, anterior lobe a little longer than posterior lobe ; prosternum 
with two strong anterior spines ; anterior femora strongly in- 
crassate with a single row of small spines beneath; anterior tibiae 
a little curved, about as long as the femora. 

Length 12 millirn. 

JJab. Travancore ; Tenmalai, W. Ghats (A niiandale). 

I have only seen a single specimen of this very distinct species. 



Genus BARDESANES. 
Bardesanes, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. liii, p. 363 (1909). 

Type, B. signatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Burma. 

Head with the anteocular portion much longer than the post- 
ocular, with two horizontally depressed spines before the base of 
antennae, the anteocular portion flat, the postocular somewhat 
convexly gibbous, transversely impressed between the eyes, imme- 
diately behind this impression are the ocelli, prominent and nearer 
to eyes than to each other ; antennae pilose, first joint about as 
long as pronotum and subequal in length to the second joint ; 
rostrum reaching the anterior coxae, first joint extending to the 
anterior margins of the eyes and a little shorter than the second 
joint ; prouotum about as long as broad, concavely sinuately 
narrowed anteriorly where it is slightly wider than the base of 
head, the anterior lateral angles subpromineut, the posterior 
angles distinctly shortly spinously prominent, the posterior 
margin subconvex, straightened before base of scutellum, the 
anterior margin truncate, moderately transversely depressed a 
little before middle ; scutellum somewhat triangular, the apical 
spine moderately curved upwards ; coriuin slender, not covering 
connexivum, its greatest length equal to the corresponding length 
of membrane which is large and broad, a large areole occupying 
the inner apical area of corium and reaching the membrane ; eyes 
very large and almost meeting beneath the head ; prosternum 
centrally longitudinally sulcate and posteriorly centrally triangu- 
larly dilated between the anterior coxae ; abdomen beneath with a 
fine central longitudinal carinate line ; legs slender, anterior 
femora not thickened, anterior and intermediate femora about 



188 APPENDIX. KEDUVIIDjE. 

equal in length and moderately curved ; posterior legs long, the 
femora not quite reaching abdominal apex and shorter than the 
tibiae ; posterior tarsi with the second joint shorter than the third, 
posterior coxae much wider apart than the intermediate coxae, 
which are again more widely separated than the anterior coxae. 

A genus to be placed after Caunus (vol. ii, p. 233) in this 
British Indian enumeration. 



2960. Bardesanes signatus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 364 
(1909). 

Fuscous brown ; eyes, a large spot between and behind ocelli, 
inner claval margins, the central areole of hemelytra, and a curved 




Fig. 105. Bardesanes sigtiatus. 

posteriorly attenuated elongate spot in middle cell of membrane, 
black ; pronotum with narrow lateral margins and a central 
longitudinal liuear fascia, single anteriorly and duplex posteriorly, 
piceous ; tibiae palely annulate near base, femora piceous brown 
at apex ; head finely granulose, the ocelli bright golden-yellow ; 
membrane very slightly passing abdominal apex ; other structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 14 milliin. 

Hob. Burma ; Kareu-ni (Coll. Dist.). 



CENTROCNEMIS. 



189 



Subfamily ACA^'THASPIDIN^. (Vol. II, p. 243.) 

Genus CENTROCNEMIS. (Vol. II, p. 245.) 

2961. Centrocnemis deyrollei, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 18o2, p. 547 
pi. xvi, f. 6; Stal, En. Hem. iv, p. 79 (1874). 

Fuscous brown ; scutellum, clavus, and membrane black ; an- 
terior lobe of pronotum and body beneath more or less piceous 
brown ; legs more or less piceous brown, apices of anterior femora 
and bases of tibiae ocbraceous, anterior tibiae (excluding about 
basal third), apices of intermediate and posterior tibiae, and all 
the tarsi black ; head granulose with the postocular longer than 
the anteocular portion, with a short fine spine near base of each 
antenna, a long robust spine in front of each eye, another shorter 
and more erect on the surface of each eye, and a short tuberculous 




Fig. 106. Centrocnemis deyrollei. 

spine on each side of the ocelli ; basal joint of antennae shorter 
than head and somewhat coarsely granulate, second joint about as 
long as pronotum ; pronotum granulately rugose, anterior lobe 
margined with tuberculous spines of which one at anterior angle 
is longer and more acute, and with two long erect spines on its 
disk, posterior lobe with the lateral margins dilated and outwardly 
produced, armed with four strong spines, three on apical margin 
(a short tubercle between the two uppermost), and one on upper 
margin, two strong erect tuberculous spines near base ; scutellum 
sparingly granulose ; margin of connexivum strongly, somewhat 
irregularly spin ed ; rostrum robust, first joint very much longer 
than second but not reaching base of head ; femora granulose and 



190 APPENDIX. 

spined beneath, the posterior femora less so, anterior tibiae broad, 
compressed, lobately produced near middle. 

Length 27-30 millirn., breadth between pronot. angl. 10-12 
millim. 

Hab. Sylhet (Vienna Mus.). Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, 
Borneo. 

Genus EPIRODERA. (Vol. II, p. 247.) 

2962. Epirodera bengalensis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 364 
(1909). 

Black ; anteocular portion of head, an oblong spot at apex of 
corium, rostrum, legs, and abdomen beneath ochraceous ; femora 
and tibiae more or less annulated with piceous ; anteocular portion 
of head longer than postocular which is globose behind eyes ; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe very strongly defined, the anterior 




Fig. 107. Epirodera bengalensis. 

angles prominent, two central longitudinal ridges which are 
curved inwardly near middle ; scutellum with the apex narrowly 
spatulate ; membrane reaching abdominal apex ; abdomen beneath 
with a sublateral segmental series of black spots on each side 
connexivum ochraceous, spotted with piceous. 

Length 9 millim. 

Hab. Bengal; Pusa. 

Genus STESICHORUS. 

Stesichorus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 366 (1906). 

Type, S. pilosw, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Body subovate ; head strongly transversely impressed between 
eyes, which extend transversely across the lateral areas of the 
head, anteocular portion of head slightly depressed, a little longer 
than postocular portion ; antennae pilose, first joint shorter than 
head, second joint more than twice as long as first ; pronotum 



REDUYIUS. 191 

with the lobes subequal in length, anterior lobe much narrower 
than posterior, tuberculate at anterior angles, subconvex and 
centrally longitudinally sulcate, lateral margins of posterior lobe 
oblique ; scutellum terminating in a semiporrect spine ; membrane 
extending a little beyond abdomen, which beneath has a slight 
longitudinal central ridge, the lateral areas being oblique ; legs 
pilose and body beneath pilose ; anterior femora unarmed. 
Allied to Crociceus, Bredd. 

2963. Stesichorus pilosus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 366 (1906 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and sternum black ; coriuin ochra- 
ceous, with the basal angle, basal half of claval area, and apical 
angle black ; membrane black, with a pale apical spot ; antennae, 
rostrum, legs, and abdomen beneath ochraceous, the latter with 




Fig. 108. StesicTiorus pilosus. 

the apical and lateral areas piceous ; antennae, rostrum, legs, and 
abdomen beneath strongly pilose. 

Length 11 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Eppawela ( Green). 

Genus KEDUVIUS. (Vol. II, p. 250.) 

2964. Reduvius delicatula, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 364 
(1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum castaneous brown ; eyes black ; 
antennae brownish ochraceous; head beneath, rostrum, and sternum 
castaneous brown ; abdomen beneath, legs, and connexivum 
ochraceous ; corium brownish ochraceous, clavus (excluding inner 
margin) and the subclaval area to corium greyish white ; membrane 
pale fuscous brown ; antennae with the first joint a little shorter 
than head and considerably shorter than second joint ; head trans- 
versely impressed at posterior margins of eyes ; anterior lobe of 
pronotum scarcely longer than posterior lobe, but narrower, more 



192 APPENDIX. BEDUVIIDjE. 

globose and with the anterior angles shortly tuberculously pro- 
minent ; posterior lobe with the basal angles obtusely broadly 
subaugulate. but very slightly prominent ; scutellum apically 
finely and somewhat longly porrectly spinous ; rostrum with the 
basal joint reaching anterior margin of eyes, distinctly shorter 
than the second joint ; membrane not quite but nearly reaching 
abdominal apex ; eonnexivum exposed on each side of hemelytra ; 
body and legs more or less finely longiy pilose. 

Length 8| millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Chapra (Mackenzie). 

Genus ISDEGARDES. 

(To follow Reduvius, Vol. II, p. 250.) 

Isdegardes, List. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 365 (1909). 

Type, /. melanoceplialus, Dist. 

Distribution. Calcutta. 

Head broad, transverse ; eyes large, completely extending across 
the lateral areas of the head ; antennae with the basal joint much 
shorter than the head but extending a little beyond its apex, second 
joint slightly more than twice as long as first, slightly longer than 
third ; ocelli prominent, central, slightly behind the posterior 
margin of the eyes ; rostrum with the second joint much longer 
than the first; pronotum with the anterior lobe subquadrate, 
longer than the posterior lobe, the anterior angles laminately 
subangularly moderately prominent, centrally longitudinally im- 
pressed, posterior lobe less convex and wider than the anterior 
lobe, its lateral angles subpromineut ; scutellum subtriaogular, a 
little foveately depressed before apex which is slender and 
acuminate ; hemelytra elongate, their costal margins parallel, 
membrane reaching abdominal apex with three cellular areas, the 
middle largest, the apical narrow, elongate, subtriangular ; anterior 
femora considerably thickened, obtusely broadly angulate beneath 
a little before middle ; anterior tibiae short, somewhat broadly 
compressed and curved ; intermediate and posterior legs simple, 
posterior tibiae very slightly curved. 

This genus is more or less allied to Reduvius. 

2965. Isdegardes melanoceplialus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 
p. 365 (1909). 

Black; antennae, pronotum, lateral margins of corium, rostrum, 
body beneath and legs, ochraceous ; suffusions to sternum and a 
sublateral longitudinal fascia on each side of abdomen beneath, 
piceous black ; first joint of antennae shorter than head, second 
joint slightly more than twice as long as first and slightly longer 
than third ; ocelli prominent and ochraceous ; rostrum robust, 
second joint much longer than the first ; pronotum with the 
anterior lobe subquadrate, the anterior angles prominent but not 



ACANTHASPIS. 193 

spinous, centrally finely linearly impressed, the impression fove- 
ately widened on disk, posterior lobe a little shorter and wider 
than anterior lobe, the lateral angles subprominent ; scutellum 
with the margins ridged, a little foveately impressed before apex ; 




Fig. 109. Isdegardes melanocephcdus. 

membrane reaching the abdominal apex ; anterior femora strongly 
incrassated. 

Length 8| millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 



Genus ACANTHASPIS. (Vol. II, p. 257.) 

ACANTHASPIS BISTILLATA. (Vol. II, p. 260.) 

Var. ACANTHASPIS PICINA, loc. cit. 

This variety has recently been sent to me by Mr. Maxwell 
Lefroy from Pusa, Bengal. Stal originally described it from an 
unlocalized specimen in the British Museum, which may well have 
been also derived from Bengal. 

To one of the Pusa specimens is attached a label " on pipal 
trunk." 

ACANTHASPIS LINBATIPES. (Vol. II, p. 268.) 

Since including this species, which I had not then seen, the 
following localities can be added : 

Hah. Sikhim and Mungphu (Brit. Mus.). Nicobar Islds. ; 
Nankauri (Rogers, Coll. Dist.). Burma; Mayungo (Bingham, 
Coll. Dist.}. 

VOL. V. O 



194 APPENDIX. BEDUVIID^E. 

2966. Acanthaspis bombayensis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belt/, liii, 
p. 366 (1909). 

Black ; antennae, a discal longitudinal stripe on each side of 
head at inner margins of eyes and a small quadrate spot at base, 
posterior lobe of pronotum (excluding its anterior margin), a large 
spot to corium behind middle, spots to connexivum, rostrum, and 
legs ochraceous ; bases and apices of femora more or less black 
(in the typical specimen the left anterior femur is almost wholly 
black) ; first joint of antennae longly passing apex of head but 
shorter than the second joint ; rostrum robust, basal joint reaching 
eyes ; pronotum with the anterior lobe sculptured and greyishly 
pilose, the anterior angles very shortly conic-ally prominent, the 
posterior lobe somewhat transversely rugulose, the posterior 
lateral angles shortly spinously produced, the spines directed 
backward ; scutellum with a long obliquely erect spine the apex 
of which is ochraceous ; membrane reaching the abdominal apex ; 
body beneath and legs longly greyishly pilose ; the spongy furrow 
on the anterior tibiae a little more than one-third their length. 

Length 13 millim. 

Hob. Bombay Prov. ; Igatpuri, W. Ghats. 

Allied to A. concinnula, Stal. 

To follow A. concinnula (vol. ii, p. 267). 

ACANTHASPIS MACULATA, Dist. (VELITRA). (Vol. II, p. 277.) 

When I originally described this species it was from a carded 
specimen from Calcutta sent to me by the late Mr. Atkinson. 




Fig. 110. Acanthaspis maculata. 

From an examination of this example it appeared to have the 
disk of the abdomen beneath distinctly flattened and I thus 
placed it in the genus Velitra. Since that time I have received 



ACANTUASPIS. 195 

other and better specimens which enable me to locate it in the 
genus AcanihaspiS) from which by the short basal joint of the 
antennae and the broadly sulcated posterior lobe of the pronotum 
it appears somewhat divergent. In the former (antennal) cha- 
racter, it is, however, allied to A. biguttula, Still (vol. ii, p. 272), 
near which it may be placed and from the description of which it 
differs by the annulated legs, different markings of the corium, 
larger size, &c. I have now figured the species to prevent any 
confusion. Mr. Maxwell Lefroy has sent me specimens from 
Pusa, Bengal, which were " taken at light." 



Dr. Annandale has kindly let me see an immature 5 specimen 
he described as Physorliynchus coproloyus. It apparently belongs 
to the subfam. Acanthaspidinse, to the genus Acanthaspis, and 
most probably represents A. megaspila, Walk. 

ACANTHASPIS sp. 

Physorhynchus coprologus, Annand. Mem. Asiat. Soc. Beng. i, p. 214, 
pi. xi, f. 3 (1906). 

Body dull black, finely and obscurely pilose; antennae, rostrum, 
tibiae, and tarsi ferruginous ; femora black ; head with the ante- 
ocular part not or scarcely longer than the postocular ; antennae 
with the first joint a little shorter than head ; rostrum with the 
first aud second joints subequal in length ; pronotum with the 
anterior section longer than the posterior ; anterior tibiae with an 
apical spongy furrow. 




Fig. 111. Acanthaspis sp. 

Length 16 millim. 

Hab. S. India ; Eamzinad (Annandale). 

" A single specimen taken at Ramdmid in a manure-heap in a 
garden." (Dr. Annandale.) 

o2 



196 APPENDIX. REDUVIIDJ?. 

Genus EDOCLA. (Vol. II, p. 274.) 
EDOCLA SINDICA, Bergr. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr, 1908, p. 593. 

Bergroth {supra) has given a somewhat lengthy description of 
a single $ brachypterous form of this species. Without a figure 
this description would be of little use, and I therefore merely call 
attention to it here, and hope to be able to figure and diagnose it 
fully before the completion of this Appendix. It was received 
from Kurrachee. 

Genus SMINTHOCORIS. (Vol. II, p. 279.) 

2967. Sminthocoris reuteri, Bergr. (Tapinus) Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 
liii, p. 189 (1909). 

" Shining, hemelytra opaque. Coral-red, sparsely testaceously 
pilose, corium cinnabar-red ; clavus (excepting base), an adjacent 
band on the corium and the membrane black, a large triangular 
spot occupying the basal interior angle of the membrane ochra- 
ceous yellow ; antennae, excepting the first joint and base of 
second, fuscous-olivaceous ; apical joint of rostrum palely fuscous ; 
tarsi rufous-testaceous. Head distinctly longer than the posterior 
lobe of the pronotum, the interocular space half as broad again 
as the longitudinal diameter of the eye ; second joint of the 
antennae five times longer than the first ; anterior lobe of the 
pronotum distinctly sculptured, the tubercle at the apical angles 
obtuse, the posterior median impression continued as a line 
through the posterior lobe which is moderately transversely 
rugose, lateral rugose impressions much more distinct." 
(Bergroth.) 

" Length, rf , 14 millim." 

Hob. .Bombay. 

I have not seen this species. It may have formed part of 
the W rough ton collection forwarded to Dr. Bergroth for identi- 
fication many years ago. 



Subfamily ECTRICHODIIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 304.) 
Genus ANTIOPULA. (Vol. II, p. 305.) 

. Antiopula typicalis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii,p. 367 (1906). 

Sanguineous ; antennae, hemelytra, a broad transverse fascia to 
the last two dorsal abdominal segments, a large spot on each lateral 
area of the same segment beneath, and a spot on apical segment, 
black ; base of first joint of antennae sanguineous, fifth and sixth 
joints pale stramineous, apex of sixth joint fuscous ; basal halves 
of lateral margins to hemelytra sanguineous, becoming broader at 
area of membrane ; antennae with six joints, first nearly as long 



SCADRA. 197 

as head, second longest, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth small, the 
last three subequal in length ; head convexly globose ; eyes convex, 
black ; pronotum centrally longitudinally sulcate, posterior lobe 
also longitudinally impressed near lateral angles ; anterior femora 
a little thickened but unarmed. 

Length 7| millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Oreeii). 

StaTs type of the genus has the antennae imperfect ; the above 
description therefore locates the genus Antiopula in the section of 
the subfamily Ectrichodiinae distinguished by the possession of six 
joints to the antennae. 



Genus SCADRA. (Vol. II, p. 308.) 

2969. Scadra militaris, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 366 (1909). 

Sanguineous ; first and second joints of antennae, apex of head 
above, scutellum, a broad longitudinal daval streak, membrane, 
head beneath, rostrum, sternum, and legs black ; abdomen beneath 
sanguineous, with a broad sublateral fascia on each side of disk 




Fig. 112. Scadra militaris. 

black, this fascia is narrowed posteriorly and does not reach the 
abdominal apex ; antennae with the basal joint a little shorter than 
head and considerably shorter than second joint (remaining joints 
mutilated in typical specimen) ; rostrum with the basal joint about 
as long as or a little longer than the remaining joints together ; 
head transversely impressed behind eyes ; pronotum with the 
anterior lobe shorter than the posterior, moderately sculptured, 
both lobes centrally longitudinally sulcate, the sulcatiou not reach- 
ing base, posterior lobe also longitudinally impressed before each 



198 APPENDIX. EEDUVIIDJE. 

lateral margin ; scutellum sculptured, the apical spinous angles 
curved and a little directed imvardly. 

Length 14 millim. 

Hob. Assam ; Naga Hills (Doherti/). 

To follow S.fuscicrus, StSl (vol. ii', p. 308). 

2970. Scadra atricapilla, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 367 
(1909). 

Sanguineous ; head from the transverse impression behind eyes 
to apex, collar, first and second joints of antennae, scutellum, a 
broad longitudinal streak to clavus, membrane, head beneath, and 
sternum, black ; rostrum and legs piceous brown, tibiae annulated 
with pale ochraceous near base; abdomen beneath sanguineous 
with a broad longitudinal sublateral black fascia on each side of 
disk, this fascia a little narrowed posteriorly and not reaching 
apex ; antennae with the first joint almost as long as head or very 
slightly shorter, distinctly shorter than second joint, both joints 
pilose, remaining joints mutilated in typical specimen ; rostrum 
with the basal joint about as long as remaining joints together ; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe considerably shorter than posterior, 
roundly narrowed anteriorly, only slightly sculptured, both lobes 
centrally longitudinally sulcate, the sulcation not extending beyond 
middle of posterior lobe and with the transverse impression piceous, 
posterior lobe with a longitudinal impression before each lateral 
margin ; scutellum moderately foveate at base, the apical spinous 
angles curved and a little directed inwardlv ; legs slightly, tibiae 
more prominently pilose. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hdb. Sylhet (Vienna Mus.). 

To follow S. gcittellarit, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 309). 

Genus QUERCETANUS. (Vol. II, p. 310.) 

QUEECETANUS BELATUS. (Vol. II, p. 311.) 

Far. An elongate central black spot on anterior pronotal lobe, 
but not reaching its base : connexivum with black spots near the 
incisures. 

Hal). Ceylon (Heuser, Vienna Mus.). 

Genus LIBAVIUS. (Vol. II, p. 313.) 
2971. Libavius tricolor, Dist. A.M.N. H. (7) xviii, p. 367 (1906). 

Sanguineous ; corium dull ochraceous, the veins, lateral margins 
and apical angles sanguineous ; membrane black ; antennae longly 
pilose, first and second joints dull sanguineous, remaining joints 
fuscous ; anterior lobe of pronotum centrally sulcate and with two 
prominent acute tubercles, posterior lobe with three deep longi- 



GUIOUTUS. 199 



tudinal impressions, the central one not reaching basal margin ; 
head with two short spines at its anterior margin ; connexivum 
moderately broadly and upwardly produced, the segmental angles 
slightly tuberculous ; rostrum reaching the anterior coxae. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Wellawaya (Green). 



Genus GUIONIUS. 

(To follow Labidocoris, Vol. II, p. 313.) 
Guionius, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 367 (1909). 

Type, G. indictus, Dist. 

Distribution. At present only recorded from Assam. 
2 . Head with the anteocular and postocular areas subequal in 
length, depressed anteriorly with the central lobe prominent at 
apex, the antenniferous tubercles prominent, the postocular area 
globose both above and beneath ; ocelli very distinct ; antennaa 
with the first joint shorter than head, shorter than second joint, 
both these joints moderately curved (remaining joints mutilated in 
typical specimen) ; rostrum with the first joint much shorter than 
second, not reaching eyes, a distinct moderately broad collar at 
base of head ; pronotum with the anterior lobe shorter than the 
posterior, convexly globose, its lateral margins convex, with a 
broad central foveate sulcation which does not reach anterior 
margin and is continued on posterior lobe for about half its length, 
posterior lobe with three longitudinal punctate impressions, one 
central and one on each lateral area ; scutellum broad, transverse, 
not narrowed posteriorly, apical spines wide apart and slightly 
curved, the lateral margins ridged ; abdomen moderately dilated, 
the connexivum broadly exposed on each side ; legs robust, the 
anterior femora incrassate and armed beneath with a short tuber- 
culous spine on apical area, anterior and intermediate tibiae with 
a short apical spongy furrow ; membrane not reaching the apical 
margin. 

Allied to Labidocoris by the spinous anterior femora, but differ- 
ing from that genus by the distinct structure of the head, first 
joint of the rostrum much shorter than the second, first joint of 
antennae shorter than head, &c. 



2972. Guionius indictus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 368 
(1909). 

2 . Head, pronotum, and scutellum sanguineous ; first joint of 
antennas dull reddish, its apex and the whole of second joint black; 
body beneath shining black ; head beneath, rostrum, prosternum, 
lateral margins of meso- and metasterna, legs, and lateral margins 
of abdomen sanguineous, disks of fourth and fifth and nearly the 
whole of sixth segment dull reddish ; apices of tibiae and marginal 



200 



APPENDIX. EEDUTIID^. 



rt to first and second segments black; connexivum (as seen 
>ve) sanguineous, with a transverse black spot at the incisures ; 




Fig. 113. Guionius indictus. 

hemelytra black, corium with the lateral margins widened at 
posterior angle, sanguineous ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 18 millim. 

Hob. Assam (Coll. Dist.). 



Genus ECTRYCHOTES. (Vol. II, p. 314.) 

2973. Ectrychotes haematogaster, Burm. (Reduvius) Nov.ActaAcad- 
Leop. xvi, Suppl. i, p. 301, t. xli, f. 9 (1834) ; Mayr (Larymna), 
Reis. Novara, Hem. p. 156 (1866). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum shining dark olivaceous ; hem- 
elytra dull black ; connexivum sanguineous ; head beneath, rostrum, 
sternum, and legs shining dark olivaceous ; base of intermediate 
femora, basal two-thirds of posterior femora, and the abdomen 
beneath sanguineous ; anal appendage dark shining olivaceous. 

This species is allied in the present Indian enumeration to 
E. crudelis (vol. ii, p. 316) and E. abbreviates (vol. ii, p. 317). 
From both it differs by the absence of the pale base to the corium 
and clavus, and from the first by the different colour of the 
posterior femora and by the ochraceous not violaceous-black 
colour of the head, pronotum, &c.; the antennae, especially the 
basal joint, are also much less longly pilose. From E. abbreviatus 
it is to be distinguished by the longer hemelytra, the membrane 
of which almost reaches the abdominal apex. 

Length 12-13 millim. 

Hal. Sylhet (Vienna Mus.} ; Philippine Islands. 



SCHOTTUS. 201 

Genus PHYSORHYNCHUS. (Vol. II, p. 318.) 

PlIYSOliHYNCHUS LIXNJEI. (Vol. II, p. 319.) 

Mr. E. E. Green records (' Spolia Zeylanica ') that he saw an 
immature specimen of this species attack and eventually kill a 
large millipede measuring 5f inches in length. 

Genus SCHOTTUS. 
(After Vilius, Vol. II, p. 324.) 
Schottus, Dist. A. M, N. H. (7) x, p. 293 (1902). 

Type, S. sulicus, Walk., from the Malayan Archipelago. 

Distribution. Ceylon ; Malay Peninsula, Malayan Archipelago. 

Head moderately short, broad, gibbous behind the eyes, constricted 
at base, anteriorly centrally produced ; antennae four-jointed, 
moderately pilose, somewhat robust, first and second joints 
stoutest, first about as long or almost as long as head, second 
distinctly longer than first, third and fourth more slender and 
subequal ; rostrum with the first joint longer than the second, 
very little shorter in length than second and third together ; pro- 
notum centrally foveately sulcate from base of anterior to near 
base of posterior lobe, longitudinally sulcate near posterior angles, 
transverse constriction interrupted at central sulcation ; scutellum 
biangulate posteriorly, the mucronate angles somewhat widely 
separated ; connexivum exposed and upwardly directed ; hemely tra 
almost reaching apex of abdomen ; anterior femora not prominently 
incrassated, with a distinct tuberculous spine beneath ; sternum 
more or less channelled between the intermediate coxae. 

Allied to Vilius (vol. ii, p. 324) but at once separated by the 
structure of the rostrum. 

2974. Schottus kandyensis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 368 
(1909). 

Sanguineous ; membrane black ; corium (excluding extreme 
costal margin and apical angle) and base of membrane reddish- 
ochraceous ; antennas black, first joint sanguineous, basal joint 
about as long as head, second about one-fourth longer than first, 
third and fourth subequal in length, first and second stoutest, third 
and fourth slender and pilose ; head transversely impressed behind 
eyes and just before ocelli ; rostrum with the first joint longer 
than second, very little shorter than second and third together ; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe moderately sculptured, centrally 
longitudinally impressed, posterior lobe centrally and sublaterally 
longitudinally sulcate, the central sulcation not reaching base ; 
scutellum triangulate posteriorly, the mucronate angles widely 
separated ; membrane not quite reaching abdominal apex ; anterior 



202 APPENDIX. EEDUTIID.E. 

femora moderately thickened, with a distinct tuberculous spine a 
little beyond middle of under surface. 




Fig. 114. Schottits kandyei 



Length 11 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Kandy (Green). 



Subfamily HARPACTORIN^E.' (Vol. II, p. 3.29.) 

Genus RHAPHIDOSOMA. (Vol. II, p. 330.) 

2975. Rhapbidosoma greeni, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 367 
(1906). 

Piceous black ; rostrum and legs castaneous, intermediate and 
posterior tibiae dull ochraceous, tarsal claws piceous ; head elongate, 
ante- and postocular portions almost subequal in length, the post- 
ocular portion finely granulate and somewhat castaneous ; antennae 
pale castaneous brown, first joint as long as intermediate femora, 
second and third joints subequal in length and each considerably 
shorter than first ; anterior and intermediate femora subequal 
in length, posterior femora a little shorter and posterior tibiae a 
little longer than abdomen ; abdomen above pale piceous brown, 
a central longitudinal fascia and the lateral margins black; rostrum 
reaching the anterior coxae. 

Length 25 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Wellavvaya (Green}. 



Genus LOPHOCEPHALA. (Vol. II, p. 331.) 

LOPHOCEPHALA GUEBINI. (Vol. II, p. 331.) 

Lophocephala incerta, A my. $ Serv. Hem. p. 386 (1843). 
This is a variable species. In some specimens the first joint of 



HARPACTOR. 203 

the antennae is black with its base red, in others it is entirely red ; 
the legs vary in a similar mariner, being sometimes entirely red : 
the anal plate is also either black or red. 

Add: Hub. Chatrapur (Tnd. Mus.) ; Kashmir (Iliigel, Vienna 
Mus.}. 



Genus HARPACTOR. (Vol. II, p. 332.) 

2976. Harpactor erythropus, Linn. (Cimex) Syst. Nat. i, p. 725. 69 
(1767) ; Stdl (Reduvius (Rbinocoris)), En. Hem. iv, p. 40 .(1874) ; 
Oshan. (Harpactor) Verz. Pal. Hem. Het. ii, p. 550 (1908). 

lieduvius htemorrhoidalis, Fair. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 311.23 (1787) : 
Fieb. (Harpactor) Eur. Hem. p. 154 (1861). 

Reduvius tessellatus, Fair. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 313. 38 (1787). 

Dull reddish ochraceous ; head (excluding under surface), 
scutellum, spots to connexivum, body beneath, and rostrum black ; 
posterior lateral margins of pronoturn and a central longitudinal 
fascia to scutellum (not reaching base) dull ochraceous ; membrane 
pale bronzy-brown ; upper surface of legs more or less black ; head 
about as long as pronotum, with the anteocular a little longer than 
the postocular area, transversely incised behind eyes; antenna 
with the first joint scarcely longer than head, longer than second, 
third and fourth joints almost subequal in length ; pronotum with 
the anterior lobe more or less suffused with black, somewhat longly 
pilose, with the head more longly pilose on lateral margins, 
posterior lobe with the lateral angles subpromineut, the posterior 
lateral angles laminate and obliquely suberect ; membrane not 
passing the abdominal apex ; legs above streaked with black, the 
posterior tibia3 dull reddish ochraceous with the base black ; tarsi 
black ; first joint of rostrum not extending beyond the eyes. 

Length 14 millim. 

Hob. " India " (Signoret Coll. in Vienna Hus.). Widely 
distributed over the Palasarctic Region. 

This well known Pala3arctic species is included in the fauna on 
the evidence of an Indian specimen belonging to the collection of 
the late Dr. Signoret. It was probably acquired from the extreme 
western area of British India. 

In this enumeration it may be placed before H.fuscipes, Fabr. 
(vol. ii, p. 333). 

HARPACTOR COSTALIS. (Vol. II, p. 334.) 

Var. Corium almost entirely black, only costal margin of corium 
coral-red; in this variety the head is also entirely black, the pale 
fasciate spot between the eyes being absent. 

Nab. Calcutta. 

The typical form of the species has also been taken by Mr. Bain- 
brigge Fletcher at Hambantota in Ceylon. 



204 APPENDIX. KEDTJVIID-E. 

2977. Harpactor moeandrus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 369 

(1909). 

Coral-red ; antennae, eyes, a central triangular spot behind 
ocelli, a large anterior transverse spot to posterior lobe of pronotum, 
hemelytra, apices of anterior and intermediate femora, the whole 
of the posterior femora, tibiae, tarsi (excluding base), apical half of 
rostrum, lateral sternal spots, stigmatal spots and apical third to 
abdomen beneath, black ; head about as long as prouoturu, ante- 
ocular and postocular areas subequal in length ; first joint of 
antennas about as long as anterior femora ; first joint of rostrum 
shorter than second and reaching middle of eyes ; anterior lobe of 
pronotum with two small but distinct tubercles on disk a little 
behind middle, between them a foveate impression, posterior lobe 
considerably longer than the anterior with the lateral angles 
broadly subprominent ; membrane reaching or very slightly passing 
the abdominal apex ; legs somewhat longly pilose ; the coral- red 
connexivum prominent and recurved on each side of the black 
hemelytra. 

Length 13 millim. 

Hob. Tenasserim (Coll. Dist.). 

To follow H. costalis (vol. ii, p. 334). 

Genus SPHEDANOLESTES. (Vol. II, p. 339.) 

2978. Sphedanolestes fraterculus, ~Beryr. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1908, 

p. 591. 

Head, antennae, pronotum, scutellum, sternum, and legs black ; 
lateral and posterior margins of the hind lobe of pronotum, 
posterior margin of the prosternum, central disk of mesosternum, 
and abdomen beneath, reddish ochraceous or stramineous ; abdomen 
above, spots to connexivum, a broad sublateral fascia angulate 
interiorly apical area, and posterior marginal spots to abdomen 
beneath, black ; corium obscure fuscous-testaceous, membrane 
inf uscate ; head distinctly a little shorter than pronotum, post- 
ocular area considerably longer than anteocular area ; first joint 
of antenna? as long as head, second joint less than half as long as 
first; rostrum with the first joint passing the anterior margin 
of eyes and much shorter than second joint ; pronotum with the 
anterior lobe profoundly centrally impressed, posterior lobe cen- 
trally, longitudinally but more narrowly impressed, the anterior 
angles distinctly shortly obliquely tuberculate, posterior angles 
roundly truncate, not prominent, basal margin straight ; membrane 
passing the abdominal apex, discoidal cell much broader than long. 

Length 8|-9| millim. 

Hob. Kumaon ; Bhim Tal, 4500 ft. (Antiandale). Trichinopoly 
(fide Bergrolh), Palni Hills, Kodaikanal. 

A varietal specimen from the Palni Hills, kindly sent to me 
by Dr. Montandon, has the black sublateral fascia to the abdomen 
beneath replaced by a series of spots. 



SPHEDANOLESTES. 205 

2979. Sphedanolestes minusculus, Bergr. Deutsch. ent. Zeitschr. 1908, 

p. 592. 

Black ; sternum much varied with greyish testaceous ; mem- 
brane shining fuscous ; abdomen beneath luteous, marginal spots, 
a sublateral fascia and apex black ; head as long as pronotum, 
postocular distinctly longer than anteocular area ; first joint of 
antennae about as long as head ; first joint of rostrum reaching 
middle of eyes, considerably shorter than second joint ; pronotum 
with the anterior lobe profoundly, the posterior lobe less profoundly, 
longitudinally impressed or sulcate, on each side of the impression 
to anterior lobe distinctly tuberculous, the anterior angles shortly 
tuberculous, subacute, basal margin nearly straight, posterior 
angles truncately rounded, subprominent ; scutellum with the apex 
stramineous (not mentioned by Bergroth) ; membrane passing the 
abdominal apex, discoidal cell almost as long as broad, corium sub- 
rugulose ; legs black, femora finely nodulose. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). Trichinopoly (fide Bergroth}. 

Found on grass at Pusa. 

2980. Sphedanolestes badgleyi, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 369 

(1909). 

Head, antennae, rostrum, pronotum, scutellum, sternum, and 
legs black or piceous ; a longitudinal fascia to head beneath and 
the abdomen beneath, ocbraceous, the latter with a sublateral 
series of irregularly placed black spots ; hemelytra pale bronzy- 
brown ; head about as long as pronotum, anteocular portion 
shorter and narrower than the postocular ; antennae with the first 
joint as long as the anterior femora, almost equal in length to the 
second joint ; rostrum reaching the anterior coxae, first joint 
reaching eyes, shorter than second joint ; pronotum with both 
lobes broadly longitudinally sulcately impressed, posterior angles 
slightly nodulose, posterior margin straight; femora nodulose; 
membrane passing the abdominal apex. 

Length 11 millim. 

Hob. Assam (Badyley, Brit. Mus.}. 

To follow S. indicus (vol. ii, p. 340). 

2981. Sphedanolestes bowringi, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belt/, liii, p. 369 

(1909). 

Black ; pronotum, scutellum, and sternum coral-red ; first joint 
of rostrum (excluding base and apex), a large spot on each side of 
head in front of eyes and beneath base of antennae, a small spot on 
each side of head behind eyes and in front of ocelli, connexivum, 
abdomen beneath and bases of femora, pale luteous ; two spots on 
posterior area of connexivum, tessellate markings on each lateral 
area of abdomen beneath, and abdominal apex, black ; first joint of 



206 APPENDIX. BEDUYIIDjE. 

antennae about as bug as anterior femora, black (remaining joints 
mutilated in typical specimen) ; anterior lobe of pronotum centrally 
longitudiually sulcate, posterior lobe centrally broadly impressed ; 
pronofcum about as long as head, basal margin straight, posterior 
angle a little broadly, roundly prominent; membrane with the 
apical area brownish ochraceous and considerably passing the 
abdominal apex ; femora nodulose. 

Length 9 inillim. 

Hob. " India " (Bowring, Brit. Mus.}. 

Allied to S. trichrous, Stal, a species I have not seen, but from 
the description of which S. boivringi differs in the colour of the 
rostrum, spots to head, and the colour and markings of the 
abdomen beneath. 

To follow S. trichrous (vol. ii, p. 343). 

2982. Sphedanolestes himalayensis, Di s t. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 

p. 370 (1909). 

Head above, antennae and legs black ; anteocular area of head 
(excluding apical spot), a spot between eyes, and a longitudinal spot 
behind the transverse impression, extreme base of head, pronotum, 
scutellum, abdomen above and beneath, sternum and bases of 
femora, sanguineous; head beneath, rostrum, coxae, and trochauters 
ochraceous ; abdomen above apically and sublaterally black ; 
corium pale brownish ochraceous with the veins darker, membrane 
pale flavous hyaline ; head about as long as prouotum, anteocular 
a little shorter and narrower than postocular area ; antennae with 
the first joint as long as the anterior femora ; pronotum with the 
anterior lobe convex, centrally longitudinally sulcate, the posterior 
lobe centrally broadly impressed, the posterior angles broadly 
rounded, slightly prominent ; rostrum reaching the anterior coxae, 
its apex piceous, first joint reaching eyes, shorter than second 
joint ; membrane considerably passing the abdominal apex ; body 
and legs pilose, the legs and margins of connexivum longly 
pilose. 

Length 11 millim. 

Hob. East Himalayas. 

By the sanguineous pronotum allied to the preceding species, 
S. boivringi. 

2983. Sphedanolestes rubecula, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 370 

(1909). 

Head and scutellum black ; pronotum and sternum sanguineous ; 
abdomen beneath sordidly piceous shaded with black and with a 
large pale basal spot ; legs black, coxae and extreme bases of 
anterior femora sanguineous ; hemely tra pale bronzy-brown, corium 
distinctly longitudinally grooved, membrane finely wrinkled ; head 
about as long as pronotum, postocular area a little longer and 
broader than anteocular area, with two prominent tubercles just 



SYCANUS. 207 

behind the transverse impression between the eyes ; antennae with 
the first joint black, about as long as the anterior femora (remain- 
ing joints mutilated in typical specimen) ; pronotum centrally 
longitudinally impressed on anterior lobe, centrally and broadly 
impressed on posterior lobe, the posterior angles a little prominent 
and nodulose, the posterior margin not quite straight, a little 
concave ; rostrum with the first joint reaching eyes, shorter than 
second joint ; membrane considerably passing abdominal apex ; 
femora regularly nodulose ; legs somewhat longly pilose. 

Length 8 millirn. 

Hal. Mergui (Coll. Dist.). 



Genus SYCANUS. (Vol. II, p. 351.) 
2984. Sycanus galbanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 368 (1906). 

Black ; coriutn stramineous, the clavus black ; head and rostrum 
smooth, shining black, second and third joints of the latter piceous- 
brown ; antennae with the first and second joints black, remainder 
greyish-brown, first joint a little longer than head ; pronotum with 
the anterior lobe shining black but greyishly pilose, posterior lobe 
granulose ; scutellum with a moderately long erect spine, its apex 
subacute, not bifid ; corium finely rugosely punctate between the 
veins, which are strongly prominent ; membrane shining, slightly 
bronzy black, extreme basal margin stramineous abdomen beneath 
shining black, with a longitudinal series of white segmental spots 
near each lateral margin ; sternum with some obscure testaceous- 
brown spots ; femora longly pilose, slightly nodulose near apex ; 
abdomen moderately ampliated and raised on each side, its margins 
obtusely angularly sinuate. 

Length 20 niillim. 

Hub. Ceylon ; Bitnagalla (Green). 

In colour S. galbanus is allied to that section of the genus 
represented by S. collaris, Fabr., but in structure is widely 
divergent, and belongs to the specific section characterized by the 
subacute and not bifid scutellar spine. 

SYCANUS LEUCOMESUS, Walk. Cat. Net. viii, p. 84 (187-3). 
Sycanus collaris (part.), vol. ii, p. 351, fig. 225 (S. collaris). 

From specimens labelled S. collaris, Fabr., in the British 
Museum, which also contains the type of Fabricius, I concluded 
the identification was correct and that comparison had been made. 
Moreover, though Stal (En. Hem. iv, p. 28) writes correctly of the 
species " Spina scutelli brevi, cylindrica, integra, obtusa," he had 
not previously described or referred to it in his ' Hemiptera 
Fabriciana,' and it therefore seemed probable that he had not 
examined the species when in London. I have, however, now 
examined the unique type in the Banksian collection, and find the 



APPENDIX. BEDUVIIDJE. 



scutellum is as Stal described it. My description and figure of 
S. collaris (suprck) must perforce, as suggested by Bergroth, be 
taken to represent S. leucomesus, Walk. 

On the Binding Islands Mr. H. N. Ridley reports this species 
as " doing good work in killing the Sphingid Moth, Cephoriodes 



2985. Sycanus collaris, Fabr. (Reduvius) Spec. Ins. ii, p. 380 (1781) ; 

St&l, En. Hem. iv, p. 28 (1874) ; Dist. (part.) vol. ii, p. 351. 

In markings and coloration almost exactly resembling S. leuco- 
mesus, Walk., but differing by the short, cylindrical obtuse spine, 
the apex of which is entire and not bifid. 

Length 3 22-23 inillim. 

Hab. Bengal; Ceylon (Green). Malacca. 

2986. Sycanus albofasciatus, Bergr. Deutsche ent. Zeitschr. 1908, 

p. 590. 

Black ; a transverse fascia behind middle of coriurn, and con- 
nexivum above and beneath, very pale stramineous or reddish 
ochraceous (in the c? and $ specimens now before me the 
markings in the $ are stramineous and in the c? reddish 
ochraceous) ; elongate ; palely pilose ; antennae with the basal 
joint as long as head, second about half the length of first ; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe with two oblique bands on each 
side which are densely pilose, a short obtuse tubercle at each 
anterior angle, the posterior lobe strongly rugulose ; scutellum 
armed with an erect conical tubercle ; hemelytra passing the 
abdominal apex ; corium transversely rugulose ; abdomen laterally 
moderately dilated and sinuate, with the apices of the segments a 
little prominent. 

Length, tf 18, $ 24 millira. 

Hab. Madras Province ; Palni Hills, Kodaikanal (coll. Dist.) 
Trichinopoly (fide Bergroth). 

Allied to S. indagator, St&l (vol. ii, p. 355). I have to thank 
Dr. Montandon for giving me co-types, c? and $ , of this 
species. 

Genus MACRACANTHOPSIS. (Vol. II, p. 362.) 

2987. Macracanthopsis nigripes, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 

p. 371 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath luteous ; antennae 
and spines behind their base, eyes, hemelytra, legs, and lateral 
margins of abdomen beneath, black ; abdomen beneath more 
stramineous than luteous ; antennas with the first joint as long as 
the head, pronotum, and scutellum together ; head about as long 
as pronotum, transversely impressed between the eyes ; spines 



EUAGORAS. 209 

behind base of antennae long, directed obliquely upward ; first 
joint of rostrum much shorter than second, second about as long 
as first and third together ; pronotum with the anterior lobe 
tumid and centrally impressed, posterior lobe centrally foveately 
impressed, the impression not reaching the posterior margin ; 
anterior femora moderately incrassated and nodulose, apices of 
intermediate and posterior femora nodulose. 

Length 8| millim. 

Hob. Travancore ; Pallode, near Trivandrum and Maddathoray, 
"W. Ghats (Annandale). 

Allied to M. nodipes, Reut., but smaller ; first joint of antennae 
longer, spines behind antennal bases also a little longer and more 
slender, legs black, &c. 

2988. Macracanthopsis hampsoni, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 
p. 371 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale ochraceous ; two central 
longitudinal lines to head from ocelli to base, and a broad sub- 
lateral fascia on each side of pronotum black ; body beneath and 
legs stramineous, abdomen beneath with a longitudinal sublateral 
black fascia, the legs obscurely annulated with black ; hemelytra 
black, about apical half of membrane pale hyaline ; head about 
as long as pronotum, anteocular distinctly shorter than postocular 
area, a long obliquely erect black spine behind the base of each 
antenna, which is black, and the first antennal joint is slightly 
longer than head and pronotum together; first joint of rostrum 
not reaching eyes, much shorter than second joint ; pronotum 
with the anterior lobe tumid and centrally impressed, the anterior 
angles short but distinct, posterior lobe centrally foveately im- 
pressed, the posterior angles moderately but distinctly subangularly 
prominent ; scutellum with the margins and apex carinately 
elevate ; membrane longly passing the abdominal apex ; legs 
slender, anterior femora moderately incrassated and nodulose, 
apices of intermediate and posterior femora nodulose. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hob. Nilgiri Hills (Hampson). 

ClDNOCOKIS CBOCATUS. (Vol. II, p. 361.) 

Add : Hob. Ceylon ; Haragama (Green) Diyatalawa, 4000 ft. 
(Bainbriyge- Fletcher). 

" Kesembles a common Braconid wasp " (E. E. Green in litt.'). 



Genus EUAGORAS. (Vol. II, p. 363.) 

EUAaOBAS PLAGIATUS. (Vol. II, p. 363.) 

Far. Resembling the typical form of the species, but the 
reddish ochraceous coloration replaced by luteous ; femora 



210 APPENDIX. BEDUVIIDJE. 

unicolorous, not streaked with black ; structural characters as in 
typical form of the species. 

Add : Hob. Ceylon ; Hambantota (Bainbrigge-Fletcher). 

A single specimen taken by Mr. Fletcher, and the only example 
from Ceylon which I have seen. 



Genus SERENDIBA. 
Serendiba, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 368 (1906). 

Type, S. pundaluoyce, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Body elongate ; head shorter than pronotum, and with a short 
tuberculous spine behind the base of each antenna, postocular 
area about half as long again as anteocular area, transversely 
impressed between eyes and attenuated to base ; ocelli situate 
just behind eyes ; rostrum with the first joint a little longer than 
second and subequal to the remaining two joints together; antenna 




I 

ig. 115. Serendiba pundaluoya. 

slender, the first joint about as long as the posterior femora ; pro- 
uotum with the posterior lobe about half as long again as the 
anterior lobe, which is sculptured and broadly, medially, pos- 
teriorly impressed, the posterior angles longly porrectly spinous ; 
scutellum short, robust, medially impressed at base, its" apex not 
acuminate; anterior tibiae straight, as long as anterior femora, 
shorter than [posterior femora ; posterior tibi* longer than the 
femora. 

Allied to Villanovanus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 364). 



OCCAMUS. 211 

2989. Serendiba pundaluoyse, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 369 

(1906). 

Head ochraceous or brownish ochraceous ; antennae reddish 
ochraceous ; pronotum with the anterior lobe dull opaque greyish, 
the posterior lobe and hemelytra more brilliantly greyish ; pronotal 
lateral spines with their basal area pale testaceous ; membrane 
with more than basal half iridescent ; legs ochraceous, somewhat 
stramineous near base ; abdomen beneath with piceous suffusions ; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe sculptured, levigate, the posterior 
lobe finely gratiulose, the posterior lateral spines slightly directed 
backward ; legs finely pilose ; antennas with the first joint as long 
as posterior femora and more than three times longer than second 
joint. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Pundaluoya {Green). 



Genus OCCAMUS. 
Occamus, Diet. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 372 (1909). 

Type, 0. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head about as long as prouotum, transversely impressed between 
eyes, anteocular much shorter than postocular area, a short tuber- 
culous spine above bases of antennas, postocular area attenuated 




Fig. 116. Occamus typicus. 

towards base ; antennae slender, first joint about as long as 
anterior femora, slightly shorter than second ; rostrum with the 
first joint passing eyes, first and second joints subequal in length; 
pronotum with the anterior lobe shorter than the posterior, mode- 



212 APPENDIX. BEDUVIIDjE. 

rately globose and sculptured, with a distinct short suberect spine 
at each anterior angle, posterior lobe with a much longer almost 
straight slender spine at each lateral angle, and two shorter erect 
spines on disk a little before base, posterior margin sinuate ; 
scutellum with two spines, one near base almost straight, the 
other at apex long and strongly recurved ; anterior femora mode- 
rately regularly thickened, straight, the anterior tibise only very 
slightly shorter than the femora, curved, their apices slightly 
dilated and truncate ; intermediate and posterior legs slender ; 
membrane not reaching the abdominal apex. 
Allied to Alcmena, Stal (vol. ii, p. 



2990. Occamus typicus, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 372 (1909). 

Head, antennae, and pronotum brownish ochraceous ; body 
beneath, rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; apical area of abdomen 
above and beneath piceous or black, but even there the connexivum 
is ochraceous ; corium ochraceous ; membrane dull greyish ; body 
finely pilose, legs much more longly pilose ; femora obscurely 
fuscously annulate near apices ; apex of first joint of antennae 
fuscous ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 12 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

Genus LANCA. 
Lanca, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 369 (1906). 

Type, L. kandyensis, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Body narrow, elongate ; head about as long as pronotum, post- 
ocular portion much longer than anteocular, profoundly trans- 
versely incised between eyes, attenuated towards base, a short 
tubercle or spine behind the antenniferous tubercles ; ocelli placed 
just behind eyes ; rostrum with the first joint slightly longer than 
second; antennae slender, first joint about as long as posterior 
femora, second joint about one-third the length of first ; pronotum 
with the anterior lobe much shorter than the posterior lobe, the 
latter with two moderately long, erect, discal spines, and with a 
long, slender, porrect spine at each lateral angle, its basal margin 
strongly emarginate, the anterior lobe convex, faintly medially 
incised, and with its anterior angles tuberculously subprominent ; 
scutellum apically somewhat tuberculous, not spined ; hemelytra 
not quite reaching the apex of abdomen, membrane longer than 
corium ; abdomen not projecting beyond the lateral margins of 
the hemelytra. the sixth abdominal segment with the connexivum 
subangularly dilated on each side ; anterior femora slightly thick- 
ened and a little longer than the tibiae, posterior femora and tibiae 
longest and subequal in length. 

To be placed near PJaterus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 375). 



NAGU8TA. 



213 



2991. Lanca kandyensis, Dist. A. M.N. H. (7) xvhi, p. 370 (1906). 

Pale fuscous brown ; pronotura much mottled with ochraceous 
pile, more thickly so on posterior lobe ; antennae pale fuscous- 
brown, first joint ochraceous with its apex inf uscate ; antenniferous 
tubercles castaneous ; eyes black ; rostrum ochraceous ; anterior 




Fig. 117. Lanca 



femora with au obscure, subapical, greyish annulation, and anterior 
tibiae with a similar subbasal annulation ; intermediate and posterior 
femora annulated and basally suffused with ochraceous, the tibito 
with a similarly coloured subbasal annulation ; body and legs shortly 
pilose ; the abdomen beneath piceous and ochraceously pilose. 

Length 18 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon (Lewis)- Kaudy (Green). 



Genus NAGUSTA. 

Nagusta, St&l, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1859, p. 374 ; id. Hem. Aft: iii, 

p. 59 (1865) ; id. En. Hem. iv, p. 7 (1874). 
Zelus, Kolenati, Melet. vi, p. 41 (1857). 
Phanerocoris, Jakoivl. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. xlix (2) p. 267 (1875). 

Type, N. goedeli, Koleuati, a Palaearctic species. 

Distribution. Palaearctic, Ethiopian, and Oriental Regions. 

" Body elongate ; head elongate, anteriorly bispinous ; eyes 
situate before the middle of head; rostrum with the first joint 
subequal in length to the two apical joints ; antennae with the 
first joint slightly shorter than the head and pronotum together ; 
pronotum before the middle constricted, the anterior lobe destitute 
of spines or tubercles, posterior lobe more or less distinctly discally 
bituberculate, posterior angles not produced ; scutellum a little 



214 



API-ENDIX. 



longer than broad, destitute of a discoidal tubercle ; hemelytra 
not quite reaching the abdominal apex ; legs of moderate size, 
anterior femora not incrassated." (Stdl.) 

This genus, by the head being spined behind the base of each 
antenna, should fall into my division Euagorasaria (vol. ii, 
p. 359). The length of the head and the proportions of the 
anteocular and postocular portions differentiate it, and I place it 
after that division, where it should perhaps constitute a new one, 
and before the Polididusaria (vol. ii, p. 384) as defined in this 
publication, which is intended as an aid to identification rather 
than as a taxonomic treatise. 

2992. Nagusta macroloba, Bergr. Deutsche ent. Zeitschr. 1907, 
p. 579. 

" Head black, sparsely cinereo-sericeous, a fascia before the inter- 
ocular impression which includes a spot on each side of eyes, a 
medial longitudinal line posteriorly abbreviated, rostrum, two annu- 
lations and apex on first joint of antenna?, also a broad anteapical 




Fig. 118. Nagusta macroloba. 

annulation to the second joint, flavo-testaceous ; the postocular 
portion more than twice as long as the anteocular ; antenna? 
sparsely and very shortly pilose, first joint reaching the tubercles of 
the posterior lobe of the pronotum, second more than half as long 
as first ; rostrum with the first joint longer than the two other 
joints united, and distinctly passing the eyes ; pronotum shorter 
than the head, ochraceo-testaceous, anterior lobe laterally black, 
posterior lobe with two obtuse tubercles, lateral angles produced 



NAGUSTA. 215 

" into a black spine ; scutellum testaceous, the apex a little pro- 
duced and with a white callus ; sternum livid testaceous, pleura 
black, minutely reticulated with a short pale silky pubescence ; 
hemelytra nearly reaching the abdominal apex ; corium including 
clavus dark grey, veins (the somewhat black subcostal excepted) 
strongly elevated and whitish, discoidal cell small, about as 
long as broad, the connecting vein* twice as long as the 
discoidal cell ; membrane cinereous, the veins piceous, apical vein 
bordered with piceous ; abdomen livid testaceous, with short silky 
pubescence, laterally fuscously black, an apical fascia on each 
segment of the connexivum (fourth excepted) above and beneath, 
and the spiracles, whitish ; genital segment of the female spotted 
with fuscous-black ; legs pilose, testaceous, anterior femora with 
three obscure annulations on anterior half, a subapical annulation 
to posterior femora and apex of tibiae, fuscous. 

" Length $ 11 -5 millim." 

Hob. Bombay. 

Dr. Bergroth kindly forwarded his type to enable the above 
figure to be made, and I regret to state that it was badly damaged 
in transit. 



2993. Nagusta singalensis, I) ist. Arm. Soc. Ent. Eelg. liii. p. 373 
(1909). 

Head uniformly black or fuscous ; antennae uniformly brownish 
ochraceous ; pronotum, scutellum, and hemelytra more or less 
testaceous brown sprinkled with cinereous ; rostrum and legs 
brownish ochraceous ; body beneath cinereous speckled with 
brownish ; abdomen beneath with a central longitudinal brown 
line ; first joint of antennas almost as long as head and pronotum 
together, second joint a little shorter than first ; rostrum with 
the first joint a little longer than the remaining joints together ; 
head with an oblique spine behind the base of each antenna, the 
postocular portion a little more than twice as long as the ante- 
ocular portion ; pronotum a little shorter than the head, the 
posterior lobe very obtusely bituberculate near base, the lateral 
angles produced in slender brown spines which are a little 
recurved ; hemelytra nearly reaching the abdominal apex, the 
discoidal cell a little longer than broad ; membrane glossy cinereous 
brown, the veins prominent and piceous. 

Length $ 13 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

Allied to fl. macroloba, Bergr., but with the discoidal cell of 
the corium distinctly longer than broad and with the antennae 
and legs concolorous, not palely annulated ; head uniformly 
black, &c. 

* Bergroth explains that he applies the term " connecting vein " to that 
section oi' the apical margin of the corium which connects the discoidal cell 
with the inner apical angle. ED. 



216 APPENDIX. REDUVIIDjE. 

Genus GALLOBELGICUS. 

Gallobelgicus, Dist. A. M.N. H. (7) xviii, p. 370 (1906). 

Type, G. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head moderately long, anteriorly spinously produced between 
the antenniferous tubercles, deeply transversely incised behind 
eyes, postocular portion moderately globose and with two fine 
moderately long spinules on each lateral margin behind eyes ; 
rostrum with the first joint robust and passing eyes, second joint 
slightly shorter and dilated at base ; antennae slender, first joint 
about as long as head, thorax, and scutellum together, second joint 
short, shorter than third ; pronotum with the anterior lobe longer 
than the posterior, the first with two tubercles on each latera_ 
margin, posterior lobe with a long slender, slightly curved spine at 
each lateral angle ; scutellum with two long spines, one erect near 
base, the other longest and obliquely ascendant at apex ; hemelytra 
reaching apex of abdomen ; anterior coxae about one-third the 
length of anterior femora ; legs slender, anterior femora and 
tibiae longly acutely spinous, the first slightly thickened ; inter- 
mediate and posterior legs unarmed, posterior femora as long as 
hemelytra and a little shorter than posterior tibiae. 

2994. Gallobelgicus typicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii p 371 
(1906). 

Ochraceous ; hemelytra pale fuscous brown, with the veins 
ochraceous; second joint of antennae narrowly creamy white at 




Fig. I19. Gallobelgt(,t;s typicus, tf. 

base and apex ; eyes black ; femora obscurely fuscously annulate 
near apices ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

$ . Abdomen a little convexly dilated at the lateral margins ; 
connexivum spotted with black. 

Length, tf 5, $ 6 millim. 

Hob. East Himalayas ; Kurseoug. Ceylon; Peradeniya(GV<;<m). 



HENBICHOHAHNIA. 217 

Genus SCIPINIA. (V 7 ol. II, p. 384.) 

SCIPINIA HOBRLDA. (Tol. II, p. 384.) 

Iraritha javanica, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg, 1909, p. 306. 
Add : Hob. Bengal ; Calcutta. Chupra. 

Genus IRANTHA. (Vol. II, p. 385.) 

IBANTHA ABHIPES. (Vol. II, p. 385.) 

Irantha germana, Bredd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1909, p. 305. 
Add: Hab. Sikhim. 

Genus HENRICHOHAHNIA. (Vol. II, p. 387.) 

2995. Henrichohahnia badgleyi, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, 
p. 373 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and sternum dull black; rostrum, legs, abdomen 
beneath, and hemelytra castaneous brown ; antennae with the first 
joint black, moderately thickened, about as long as the postocular 
portion of the head, second joint ochraceous, about twice as long 
as first (remaining joints mutilated in typical specimen) ; head 
coarsely punctate, shortly spinous on lateral margins, postocular 
portion a little longer than anteocular portion, the central lobe 
prominent and spinously anteriorly produced ; rostrum with the 
first joint short, about reaching eyes, second joint twice as long as 
first ; pronotum with the posterior lateral angles subprominent, 
not spinous, the lateral margins sinuate and narrowing anteriorly, 
the anterior half with longitudinal series of punctures and with a 
faint central longitudinal impression, the posterior area thickly 
punctate and finely rugulose ; clavus more or less ochraceous, the 
apex black; connexivuni in tf exposed beyond the middle of tbe 
hemelytra and there exhibiting two ochraceous spots ; abdomen 
beneath longitudinally paler on disk ; femora more or less granu- 
lose, the anterior femora distinctly thickened and laterally spined 
along inner margin. 

Length tf 12 millim. ; breadth between pronot. angles 3 millim. 

Hdb. Assam (Bade/ley, Brit. Mas.). 

To follow H. gallus (vol. ii, p. 389). 



218 APPENDIX. REUUVIID.E. 

Subfamily NABIDINJE. (Vol. II, p. 389.) 

Genus ALLffiORHYNCHUS . (Vol. II, p. 393.) 

2996. Allceorhynchus collaris, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 374 

(1909). 

Head and pronotum glossy black ; anterior margin of pronotum 
somewhat broadly ochraceous ; scutellum black ; corium ochraceous 
with about apical half and clavus black ; membrane pale fuscous ; 
connexivum ochraceous spotted with black ; body beneath black ; 
rostrum, legs, and anterior margin of prosternum ochraceous ; 
antennae with the first and second joints ochraceous, the second a 
little darker and more than half as long again as first ; pronotum 
with the anterior lobe longer than the posterior, its disk convex, 
its lateral margins rounded, posterior lobe broader than anterior, 
its lateral margins obliquely rounded, lateral margins of both lobes 
longly palely pilose ; membrane not reaching the abdominal apex ; 
rostrum with the second joint longer than third ; anterior and 
intermediate femora moderately incrassated and medially obtusely, 
somewhat dentately ampliated. 

Length $ 6 miljim. 

Hob. N."VV. India ; Kumaon. 

In colour-markings most closely allied to the Ceylonese species 
A. nietneri. Stein, which I have not seen. 

Genus NABIS. (Vol. II, p. 399.) 

2997. Nabis mussooriensis, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii. p. 374 

(1909). 

Head black, with a short oblique ochraceous line proceeding 
from inner margin of each eye towards base ; pronotum brownish 
ochraceous, anterior lobe with the anterior and lateral margins 
and a central spot before the transverse impression piceous or 
black, posterior lobe much suffused with piceous and with an 
anterior central quadrate piceous spot ; scutellum black ; hemelytra 
pitchy black, apex of clavus ochraceous, apical margin of membrane 
with small scattered ochraceous spots ; connexivum black with 
small transverse ochraceous spots ; body beneath piceous or black ; 
legs brownish ochraceous, more or less annulated -with piceous, 
femora with a broad subapical annulatiou, tibiae more regularly 
and narrowly annulated ; antennae brownish ochraceous, first and 
second joints annulated with piceous, first joint about as long as 
head, second and third about equally long and each considerably 
longer than first ; rostrum about reaching the intermediate coxae, 
first joint black, remainder brownish ochraceous, annulated with 
piceous ; pronotum elongate, anterior lobe longer than the posterior 
and with a distinct anterior collar, its disk moderately convex and 



ACANTHOBRACHTS. 219 

its lateral margins roundly sinuate, posterior lobe broadly ridged at 
base ; scutellum foveately impressed on disk ; corium moderately 
ampliately rounded near middle ; membrane slightly passing 




Fig. 120. Nabis imissooriensis, 

the abdominal apex ; abdomen beneath thickly, finely, greyishly 
sericeous. 

Length $ 9 millim. 

Hob. N.W. India ; Mussoorie. 

This species appertains to the subgenus jffiptus,' Hahn, and is 
allied to the South-African N. (JEptus) hottentota, Eeut. 



Genus ACANTHOBRACHYS to replace Lorichius. 
(Vol. II, p. 402.) 

Acanthobrachys, Fieb. Eur. Hem. p. 43 (1861) j Bredd. Mitt. Nat. 

Mus. Hamb. xxii, (2) p. 145 (1905). 
Arbela, St&l, Hem. Afr. iii, pp. 38-42 (1865) ; Rent. Mem. Soc. Ent. 

JBclff. xv, p. 125 (1908). 
Lorichius, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 402). 

Breddin (supra) pointed out the identity of the above genera. 
Eeuter has advocated the substitution of the later name 
Arbela, St&l, because Fieber, who described his genus Acantho- 
brachys in his ' Die europaischen Hemiptera,' stating in a foot- 
note it was "exotisch," had neither given nor described a 
representative species. This certainly is a practice to be deplored, 
but Stll himself very considerably pursued that practice in his 
' Hemiptera Africana/ where genera without types are frequently 



220 APPENDIX. REDUVIIDJE. 

described from other regions, though in subsequent papers he 
solved these problems. Fieber may probably have intended to 
have acted in the same manner, and as there is no doubt as to his 
genus, in this case I follow Breddin rather than Eeuter. 

Acanthobrachys nitidula, Sffl (Nabis), Freg. Eug. resa, Ins. Hem. 

p. 261 (1859): id. (Arbela) Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 764; 

Rent. Mem. Soc. Ent. Belg. xv, p. 125 (1908). 
Lorichius umbonatus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 402). 

Eeuter, who has examined a large number of specimens, states 
that the above are identical. StSl in describing Arbela did so 
from a female specimen, and thus missed the male character 
of the posterior tibiae globosely clavate near base, by which I was 
misled. 

Add : Sab. Bengal ; Monghyr (Jenkins). Aniiam, Java, Sumatra, 
Borneo, New Guinea. New Hebrides (fide Renter). 



Subfamily VELOCIPEDIN^E. 

Velocipedinae, Bergr. Wien. ent. Zeit. x, p. 265 (1891). 

A subfamily founded by Bergroth for the reception of the 
following genus. Bergroth placed it in the family Saldidse, where 
I did not look for it, nor where do I still regard it as happily 
placed. I was, however, very much more in error in locating it 
where I did, though I wrote " Godefridus is included though 
somewhat aberrant." 

Genus VELOCIPEDA to replace Godefridus. 
(Vol. IT, p. 328.) 

Velocipeda, Bergr. Wien. ent. Zeit. x, p. 263 (1891). 
Godefridus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 328). 



VELOCIPEDA ALIENA. 

Godefridus alienus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 329). 
elocipeda pris 
p. 149 (1906) 



, . . , . . 

Velocipeda prisca, Kirk, (nee Bergr.) Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxii, 
49 (1906. 



221 



Family SALDID^. (Vol. II, p. 404.) 

Subfamily SALDIN^E. (Vol. II, p. 404.) 

Genus SALDA. (Vol. II, p. 404.) 
SALDA DIXONI. (Vol. II, p. 405.) 

Since describing this species I have seen many more examples. 
It is of a somewhat variable nature ; frequently not only the first 
joint, but also the second joint of the antennae is luteous, and in 
some varieties the lateral margins of the corium are not luteous, 
but paler in hue and of almost the same hue as the membrane. 

Add : Bab. Punjab ; Simla Hills, Theog, 8000 ft. (Annandale). 
Bengal ; Calcutta. Ceylon ; Weligama (Bainbrigge- Fletcher). 

"Jumping and flying at edge of pond " (Annandale). 



2998. Salda inconstans, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Bdy. liii, p. 375 (1909). 

Pitchy black, thickly shortly palely pilose ; legs ochraceous, 
more or less streaked with black or piceous ; coriurn spotted with 
greyish ochraceous, first and second spots at about one-third from 




4 

Fig. 121. Salda inconstans. 

base and each enclosing a dark spot, one"; on each side of apex^of 
clavus, two (larger) near each of these on corium, a large irregular 
spot on disk of corium before membrane and another spot on sub- 
costal area near apex ; membrane pale greyish ochraceous, a black 
spot near each outer margin, the apex and central longitudinal 
suffusions pale fuscous, the base narrowly piceous ; antennas with 
the third and fourth joints subequal in length or third slightly 



222 APPENDIX. SALBID^E. 

longer than fourth ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pro- 
iiotum more than twice broader than Jong, the lateral margins 
roundly oblique, the posterior margin moderately concavely sinuate 
before scutellum, and with a transverse impression on disk; 
scutellum broad, transversely impressed before middle; corium 
with the costal margin moderately convexly rounded ; membrane 
passing the abdominal apex ; tibiae spinulose. 

Var. a. Corium with a single ochraceous spot on costal margin 
before apex, membrane darker, the suffusions piceous. 

Var. b. Corium with a central apical pale spot before membrane 
which is marked and shaded as in typical form. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hob. Punjab ; Simla Hills, Matiana (Annandale). 

Under stones at edges of mountain streams ; jumping and flying 
at edge of pond (N. Annandale). 



2999. Salda fletcheri, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. liii, p. 375 (1909). 

Black ; apical joint of antennae, rostrum, coxae, legs, and ab- 
dominal segmental margins more or less ochraceous ; corium black 
with the costal margin, a spot near apex and base of each side of 
clavus, a basal longitudinal streak, four spots on subcostal area 




\ 

Fig. 122. Salda fletcfteri. 

and three on inner area ochraceous, those on the subcostal area 
somewhat whitish ; membrane piceous, the lateral margins and a 
transverse series of small spots behind middle ochraceous. nearer 
base a transverse series of more obscure spots ; antennas with 



LKPTOPUS. 223 

the third and fourth joints subequal iu length, second longest; 
pronotum with the basal margin strongly concavely sinuate before 
scutellum, the lateral margins oblique, a little sinuate, the anterior 
margin about half the breadth between posterior angles ; corium 
somewhat convexly rounded at costal margin ; scutellum foveately 
impressed on disk ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; tibise 
distinctly spinulose. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Madulsima (Bainbrigge-Fletcher, Brit. Mus.}. 

3000. Salda pusana, Dist. Ann. Soc. Ent. Behj. liii, p. 376 (1909). 

Allied to S. fletclieri, Dist., but with the antennas and rostrum 
wholly black ; legs black, base of anterior femora and more than 
basal halves of intermediate and posterior femora, and basal 
annulations to tibia?, pale ochraceous ; corium with the pale costal 
margin narrowed and somewhat interrupted before apex, the spots 
on subcostal area three in number ; antennae with the third joint 
slightly longer than fourth, other structural characters as iu 
S.fletcheri. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Lebong, 5000 feet (Lefroy). 

Mr. Lefroy sent me three specimens of this species (all un- 
fortunately more or less mutilated in condition) from the Pusa 
collection. 



Subfamily LEPTOPIN.E. (Vol. II, p. 406.) 

Genus LEPTOPUS to replace Valleriola. 
(Vol. II, p. 405.) 

Leptopus, Latr. Fam. nat. p. 423 (1825) ; Fieb. Eur. Hem. pp. 40 & 
148 (1861) ; Oshan. Verz. Pal. Hemipt. Heteropt. p. 603 (1908). 

Type, L. boopis, Pourc. 

Distribution. Palasaretic, Ethiopian, and Oriental llegious. 

The question of the distinction of Valleriola from Leptopus has 
been disputed by Bergroth and somewhat amusingly assailed by 
Keuter. I relied on the number of the ocelli, accepted by Fieber, 
Saunders and his predecessors, and apparently uncontradicted, till 
I had followed suit. However, now that so sound and capable an 
authority as Oshaniu has given his adhesion to that view, I follow 
his determination. The argument is of a taxonomical character.* 



* My views on this entomological controversy, whatever they may be worth, 
may be found in the Wien. entomol. Zeit. xxvi, p. 327 (1907). 



224 APPENDIX. SALDIDjE. 

Leptopus assuanensis, Costa, AttiAct. Soc. Napoli, vii ; p. 9 (1875). 
Leptopus mloticus, Reut. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. xxv, p. 161 (1881). 
Leptopus strigipes, Bergr. Ann, Soc. Ent. Fr. 1891, p. cli. 
Valleriola greeni, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 40G). 

Add : Hob. Central Indian Province ; Nagpur. Bengal ; Pusa 
(Lefroy}. Egypt ; Nubia ; Madagascar. 

3001. Leptopus cicindeloides, Dist. (Valleriola), A. M. N. H. (8) iii, 
p. 40 (1908). 

Greyish ochraceous, thickly shortly palely pilose ; head, anterior 
lobe of pronotum, and four short longitudinal fasciae (not reaching 
basal margin and sometimes fused in pairs) to posterior lobe 
greyish fuscous ; eyes, ocelli, anterior collar to pronotum, and a 
small spot near each posterior pronotal angle piceous ; scutellum 




Fig. 123. Leptopus cicindeloides. 

greyish-fuscous, with the apex pale ; body beneath and legs 
greyish-ochraceous ; longitudinal streaks and apices to femora and 
transverse segmental shadings to abdomen beneath piceous; 
corium greyish fuscous ; costal and inner claval margins, two spots 
on clavus (one near base, the other near apex), two spots near 
middle of corium, and a cluster of spots at its apex very pale 
ochraceous ; membrane pale greyish ochraceous, the veins fuscous ; 
antennae pale fuscous, basal joint and apex of apical joint very 
pale ochraceous, second joint ochraceous, with its apex darker ; 
head transversely concave between the eyes ; pronotum strongly 



LEPTOPITS. 225 

transversely impressed behind the dark anterior collar, the anterior 
lobe with the anterior and lateral margins and a central longitudinal 
line greyish ochraceous, its surface with some large and coarse 
punctures, posterior lobe subgranulose, giving the appearance of 
dense paler spots, the lateral margins longly pilose ; scutellum 
foveately depressed on basal area, its apical area ridged; legs 
finely pilose, the femora more strongly so ; ocelli two. 

Length 5 1 millira. 

Hub, Bengal ; Pusa (Maxwell- Lefroy). 



3002. Leptopus travancorensis, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous, the area of the ocelli and the lateral areas 
black ; antennae with the first joint and second joint excluding 
apex ochraceous, third joint fuscous (remainder mutilated in 
typical specimen) ; pronotum black, the anterior collar, lateral and 




Fig. 124. Leptopus travancorensis. 

posterior margins, and two small curved spots on disk of posterior 
lobe, ochraceous ; scutellum black, its apex obscurely ochraceous ; 
clavus and corium black ; margins of clavus, broad costal margin, 
and five small spots to corium pale ochraceous ; membrane 
fuliginous with the veins darker ; body beneath black, legs and 
abdominal segmental margins ochraceous ; antennae with the first 
joint slightly passing apex of head, second joint considerably 
shorter than third ; pronotum very strongly transversely con- 
stricted, the anterior lobe with two nodulose elevations on disk, 
the posterior lobe coarsely punctate, anterior femora strongly 
spinose beneath. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hah. Travancore. 



226 APPENDIX. CEBATOCOMBID^:. 



Family CERATOCOMBID^. 

(Vol. II, p. 408.) 

Genus CERATOCOMBUS. 

Ceratocombus, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. x, p. 541 (1852) ; Fieb. Eur. 
Hem. pp. 39 & 142 (1861) ; Reut. Act. Soc. Scient. Fenn. xix, no. 6, 
p. 4 (1891) ; Sound. Hem. Het. Brit. Islds. p. 188 (1892). 

Lichenobia, Baer. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. i, p. 165 (1857). 

Subgen. Leptonannus, Trichotonannus, Xylonannus, Rent. torn. cit. 
pp. 5, 6 & 8 (1891). 

Type, C. coleoptratus, Zetterst. 

Distribution. Probably of almost universal distribution. 

" Head convex, eyes very far apart, the ocelli placed close to 
their inner margin ; antennae with their first and second joints 
stout, the third longer than the first and second together, fourth 
subequal to the third, third and fourth very thin, clothed with long 
hairs ; pronotum convex, nearly square, sides subparallel, straight ; 
scutellum triangular, its sides and base about equal ; elytra very 
rarely developed; in the undeveloped form each consists of a 
convex simple sheath covering the abdomen, nerves apparent 
towards the apex, lateral margins reflexed at the base ; in the 
developed form the elytra are widened behind, the clavus is distinctly 
marked, and there appears to be a somewhat distinct membrane ; 
legs with the anterior coxae very large, tibiae rather stout, tarsi 
three-jointed." (Sounders.) 

3003. Ceratocombus setulosus, Reut. (Trichotonannus), Act. Soc. 
Scient. Fenn. xix, no. 6, p. 6. f. 2 (1891). 

" Fuliginous, opaque, above fuscously setulose, setae in certain 
lights flavous, head longly setose ; rostrum, antennae, and legs 




Fig. 125. Ceratocombus setulosus. 

palely flavous-testaceous ; pronotum at base less than twice as 
broad as long, lateral margins with 4-5 long rigid exserted set*." 



CIMICIDJB. 227 

" Head distinctly longer than breadth with eyes, as broad as the 
apex of pronotum ; antennae with the second joint nearly three 
times longer than the first ; pronotum and head equally long, 
the length equal to about i the width of the basal margin and a 
little less than the apical margin, the sides moderately and broadly 
subsinuate, anterior angles rectangular, base broadly sinuate, disk 
with a fine continuous longitudinal impressed line ; hemelytra 
with the lateral margins incrassate, continued towards apex of 
membrane, subequally narrowed; tibiae longly spinose." (Reuter.) 

Length 2| millim. 

Hab. Nicobar Islands ; Naukauri (fide Renter). 

I have not seen this species and only know it by lleuter's 
description and figures which are here reproduced. The type was 
supposed to be in the Copenhagen Museum, but I am informed by 
Dr. Adam Boving of that institution " Geratocombus setulosus is 
certainly lost. I have not been able to find the type." 



Family CIMICID^. (Vol. II, p. 410.) 
Genus CIMEX. (Vol. II, p. 410.) 

ClMEX BOTUNDATUS. 

Cimex rotundatus, Sign. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1852, p. 540, pi. xvi, 
f. 2 ; StSl, Hem. Afr. iii, p. 25 (1865) ; Patton, Ind. Med. Gaz. 
xlii, no. 2, p. 2 (1907) ; id. Rec. Ind. Mus. ii, p. 153, pi. xiii, 
figs. 1, 2, 5 (1908) ; Horv. (Clinocoris), Ann. Mus. Hung, vii, 
p. 632 (1909). 

Klinophilos horrifer, Kirk. Bull. Liverp. Mus. ii, p. 45 (1899) ; id 
" Nat. Hist. Sokotra $ Abd-el-Kuri," p. 383, pi. xxiii, f. 3 (1903). 

Cimex macrocephalus, Fieb. (vol. ii, p. 411). 

Since I enumerated the Cimicidae of this fauna, Capt. W. S 
Patton, I.M.S., has made a careful study of the Indian bed-bugs, 
and from specimens received from the Island of Reunion was able 
to prove that the 0. macrocephalus of Fieber was a synonym of 
C. rotundatus, Sign., a name that must now be substituted for that 
insect. Dr. Annandale has found it in tho nest of the Common 
Swift at Calcutta. 

Add : Hab. Mauritius ; Beunion ; Socotra Isld. ; W. Africa ; 
West Indies. 



228 APPENDIX. CAPSIDJE. 



Family CAPSID^E. (Vol. II, p. 412.) 

As was to be expected the enumeration of this family is largely 
increased since Vol. II. was published in 1904. This is principally 
owing to the number of species received from India since that 
date, chiefly by the willing and great assistance of Dr. Annandale, 
the Superintendent of the Indian Museum. Other ^Indian col- 
lectors have also considerably helped to swell the list, and their 
contributions are gratefully acknowledged in the following pages. 

I have nothing to add or to qualify in the introductory 
remarks I wrote to this family (Vol. II, pp. 412-414). They have 
received strong animadversions from Dr. Keuter, the well-known 
specialist on the Capsidse, who seems to regard courteous diver- 
gence of taxonomical opinion as a personal matter and to have 
replied in that spirit. I regret the incident, but have nothing to 
retract or to withdraw. No one more admires Eeuter's life- 
labour in the elucidation of this difficult family than myself, but 
this does not constitute a responsibility to follow a classification 
which I am unfortunately unable to understand adequately. 



G-enus EBUTIUS. 

(To follow Onomaus, Vol. II, p. 416.) 
Ebutius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 440 ( 1 99). 

Type, E. bellus, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head subequal in length to the pronotum, transversely impressed 
behind the eyes, which are well separated from the anterior 
margin of the pronotum, between the eyes distinctly longitudinally 
sulcate, the disk moderately convex, obtusely attenuated in front 
of the insertion of the antennae, where it is a lit.tle ridged and 
excavated on each side ; antenniferous tubercles prominent ; first 
joint of the antennae robust and about as long as the head, second 
joint slender, nearly three times as long as the first, third and 
fourth short, together longer than first ; rostrum reaching the 
intermediate coxae; pronotum transversely constricted before 
middle, this anterior area somewhat transversely striate at anterior 
margin and with a distinct moderately transverse tubercle immedi- 
ately in front of each side of the constriction, posterior area con- 
vexly deflected from base, thickly punctate, the lateral margins 
carinate and oblique, posterior lateral angles subprominent, basal 
margin a little concave before scutellum, which is somewhat large 
and triangular, and slightly foveate at each basal angle ; hem- 
elytra a little more than twice as long as head and pronotum 
together, clavus broad, cuneus elongately angulate, membrane 



HARPJSBONA. 



229 



apparently (as seen in spirit-specimens) with a single cell trun- 
cate posteriorly; legs slender, the femora slightly but regularly 
thickened, posterior tarsi with the basal joint almost as long as 
remaining joints together. 

3004. Ebutius bellus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 441 (1909). 

Uniformly pale ochraceous as seen 'in spirit-specimens (possibly 
virescent in living or fresh examples) ; scutellum with a linear, 




Fig. 126,Ebtitius lettus. 

foveate, piceous spot on each basal angle ; basal joint of antennae 
with a few short obscure hairs ; other characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 6| to 7 millim. 

Hob. Sikhim (Major Roberts). 

The above generic and specific descriptions are based on a few 
spirit-specimens given to me by the late Col. Bingham. 

In this enumeration of the Capsid fauna of British India, Ebutius 
is allied to Onomaus, Dist., and is placed in the division Herdouiaria 
of the subfam. Mirinse (vol. ii, p. 414). 



Genus HAKPEDONA. (Vol. H, p. 418.) 

edona sanguinipes, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8 
9). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black ; antennae black, the basal 



3005. Harpedona sanguinipes, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 441 
(1909). 



30 APPENDIX. C 

joint pale sanguineous ; coi'ium piceous, the costal margin narrowly 
ochraceous ; membrane fuscous, the apex paler and the veins darker ; 
head beneath and sternum black, abdomen beneath piceous ; femora 
pale sanguineous, tibiae and tarsi pale ochraceous ; head centrally 
longitudinally sulcate ; second joint of antennae scarcely more than 
twice as long as first; pronotum transversely constricted before 
middle, the anterior lobe distinctly centrally foveate at base, 
posterior lobe obsoletely punctate. 

Length 4 millirn. 

Hab. Darjiling ; Pussumbing, 4700 ft. (R. H. Mann). 

Allied to the Ceylonese species H. marginata, Dist. (vol. ii, 
p. 419), from which it differs by the different colour of the legs 
and of the basal joint of the antennae, posterior lobe of the 
pronotum much less distinctly punctate, &c. 

Gentis CINNAMUS. 
(To follow Jfarpedona, Vol. II, p. 418.) 

CinDamus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 441 (1909). 

Type, C. rhinoceros, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Vertex convex, anteriorly, centrally, poiutedly produced ; eyes 
prominent, contiguous to the anterior margin of the pronotum, 
but projecting beyond it, the disk centrally longitudinally sulcate : 
antennae long, the hasal joint moderately robust, sparsely hirsute, 
about as long as the pronotum, second joint more than twice as 
long as first and about as long as third and fourth together ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum transversely con- 
stricted near middle, the anterior area with a distinct rugose 
collar, and with a moderate transverse tubercle on each side 
immediately in front of the transverse impression, posterior area 
deflected from base, which is concave and thus exposes the meso- 
notum, the lateral margins oblique ; scutellum triangular with a 
small subbasal central tubercle ; corium slightly longer than space 
between the apices of head and scutellum, clavus moderately raised 
and deflected on each side, cuneus somewhat broadly triangular, 
the cuneal fracture distinct ; membrane with a short, posteriorly 
truncate basal cell ; legs long and slender, finely spinulosely hirsute, 
femora moderately and evenly thickened, all the tibiae longer than 
the femora, basal joint of posterior tarsi short and moderately 
thickened. 

Among the Capsidse of British India this genus may be located 
between Harpedona and Clapmarius. 

3006. Cinnamus rhinoceros, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 442 
(1909). 

Head, pronotum, mesonotum, and scutellum pale mottled fuscous 
brown : anterior collar and posterior lobe of pronotum mottled 



ZALMUNNA. 



231 



brownish ochraceous, apex of scutellum ochraceous ; antennae and 
eves blackish; clavus pale ochraceous, its basal third and apical 
area mottled fuscous brown ; corium ochraceous, much mottled 
with fuscous brown and with an oblique transverse piceous fascia 




Fig. 127. Cintiamus rhinoceros. 

at about one-third before apex, cuneus shining black ; membrane 
fuscous, blackish on basal area, margins of cell dull greyish ; 
body beneath piceous, mesosternum ochraceous ; legs piceous, 
femora obscurely palely annulate near apices ; body above shortly 
obscurely pilose ; mesonotum with a central longitudinal pale line ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 



Genus ZALMUNNA. 
Zalmunna, List. A.M.N. H. (8) iv, p. 442 (1909). 

Type, Z. dux, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head elongate, almost as long as the pronotum, the central lobe 
prominent at apex, behind which it is transversely impressed, 
between eyes shortly longitudinally sulcate ; eyes short, somewhat 
adpressed, contiguous to the anterior margin of the pronotum ; 



232 APPENDIX. CAPSIDjE. 

antennae with the first joint stout, attenuated at its base, about as 
long as head, remaining joints slender, second more than twice as 
long as first, third shorter than second, but considerably longer 
than fourth ; rostrum passing the posterior coxae, first joint robust 
and as long as head ; pronotum moderately declivous from base to 
apex with a distinct narrow anterior collar, somewhat obscurely 
transversely impressed before middle, the lateral margins oblique, 
basal margin truncate ; scutelluru triangular, slightly longitudinally 
foveateat each basal angle ; hemelytra passing the abdominal apex, 
corium elongate, the costal margin slightly rounded, cuneus acutely 
subtriangular, the cuneal fracture distinct ; membrane with a pro- 
minent posteriorly truncate cell ; legs of moderate length, posterior 
femora incrassated, tibiae finely spinulose, posterior tibiae about as 
long as corium, posterior tarsi with the basal joint almost as long 
as remaining joints together. 

Allied to the S. African genus Nymannus, Dist., and in this 
enumeration of the British Indian Capsidse to be placed near the 
genus Clapmarius. 

3007. Zalnranna dux, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 443 (1909). 

Eeddish ochraceous, shortly finely pilose ; antennae ochraceous, 
the basal joint brownish ochraceous ; head, pronotum, and scutellum 
with a more or less distinct pale central longitudinal line, the 




Fig. 128. Zalmunna dux. 

scutellum darker and more reddish ochraceous, clavus dark reddish 
ochraceous on basal half, somewhat dull greyish on apical half; 
corium dark reddish ochraceous, the costal margin ochraceous, 
cuneus with the basal margin dull greyish ; membrane pale fuscous, 



MYSTILU8. 233 

the lateral margin paler ; body beneath and legs reddish ochraceous ; 
basal joint of rostrum, basal disk of abdomen, tibiae, tarsi, and 
apical annulations to femora pale ochraceous ; structural characters 
as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5| milliru. 

Hob. Ceylon; Trincomalee (Green). 

Genus MYSTILUS. (Vol. II, p. 420.) 
3008. Mystilus antranii, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 443 (1909). 

Head, antennae, pronotum, and scutellum dull black ; apex and 
two spots at base of head and anterior and posterior margins of 
pronotum pale ochraceous ; hernelytra very pale ochraceous, sub- 
hyaline, membrane reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; head and 
abdomen beneath pale ochraceous, the sternum and apex of ab- 
domen black ; legs pale ochraceous, the femora (especially the an- 
terior) much mottled with black, more densely so on apical areas, 
posterior tibiae black, with a long apical pale ochraceous annu- 
lation ; rostrum pale ochraceous, its apex black ; head deeply 
longitudinally sulcate between the eyes, which are contiguous to 
the anterior margin of the pronotum ; antennae much longer than 
the body, basal joint almost as long as the head and pronotum to- 
gether ; pronotum very coarsely punctate, anterior collar distinct, 
transversely constricted at about one-third from anterior margin, 
in front of which are two distinct callosities with a short central 
longitudinal carinate line between them ; cuneus a little longer 
than broad, concolorous with the pale coriutn. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Cachar ; Koomber (Anlram). 



3009. 



Mystilus manni, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 444 (1909). 



Head black, its apex pale ochraceous, two dull ochraceous spots 
at base ; antennae black, the basal joint ochraceous, more or less 
mottled or spotted with black ; pronotum ochraceous, the anterior 
collar dull greyish, the anterior transverse callosities a little darker ; 
scutellum ochraceous ; hemelytra stramineous, semihyaline ; clavus 
with the inner margins and the apex of the suture black, cuneus 
concolorous, membrane reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; head 
beneath and sternum pale ochraceous, abdomen beneath more or 
less greyish ; legs ochraceous, femora finely mottled or spotted 
with black, posterior tibia? black with a long pale ochraceous apical 
annulation. 

Length 4^ millim. 

Hob. Cachar ; Koomber (Antram). 

This species is allied to M. antranii by the concolorous cuneus, 
but differs from it in the different colour of the pronotum and 
scutellum, the absence of the short carinate line between the pro- 
notal callosities, &c. 



234 APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 

Genus MEGA.LOCERJEA. (Vol. II, p. 424.) 

MEGALOCEB^EA ANTENNATA. (Vol. II, p. 424.) 

Since I described this species from Kurseong'I have received a 
number of specimens from the same locality, which afford an 
opportunity of a more precise diagnosis. In fresh specimens the 
colour is virescent, not " dull pale ochraceous," which is, however, 
the hue in older and more dried examples. In fresh specimens 
the antennae are castaneous-brown with the basal joint virescent, 
speckled with sanguineous ; the legs are also virescent with the 
apical halves of the posterior tibiae and all the tarsi castaneous 
brown, the tarsal claws black ; the basal joint of the antennae is 
moderately thickened and strongly hirsute, the remaining joints 
slender, the second joint twice as long as first and subequal in 
length to third, fourth joint greyishly pubescent and much shorter 
than third. 

Add : Hal. Darjiiing, 6000 ft. (Bmnetti). 

" Swept from grass and low herbage." 

MEGALOCEBJEA DOHEBTYI. (Vol. II, p. 425.) 

Since describing this species from Tenasserim I have examined 
a series of fresh specimens from Calcutta. In the latter the 
colour is pale virescent rather than the pale ochraceous in older 
and dried examples ; antennae purplish-red, first joint about as 
long as head, second about or nearly twice as long as first ; the 
exposed mesonotum with a dark spot on each side, black in fresh 
specimens, brownish in faded examples. 

Add: Hab. Calcutta, Darjiiing, 6000 ft. (Brunetti). Orissa; 
Balighai, near Puri (Annandale). Ceylon ; Trincomalee (Green). 



Genus LASIOMIRIS to replace Matenesius. (Vol. II, p. 425.) 

Lasiorniris, Rent. Rev. d'Ent. 1891, p. 130. 
Matenesius, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 425). 

Lasiomiris albopilosus, Leth. (Miris) Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) vi, 

p. 464 (1888). 

Lasiomiris lineaticollis, Rent. Rev. d'Ent. 1891, p. 130. 
Matenesius marginatus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 426). 

Add : Hdb. Sumatra, Java. 

I had consulted Reuters description of his genus Lasiomiris, 
but had been led astray by the undue prominence given to one 
character: "body above with hemielytra longly pilose." This 
may have also been the cause of Eeuter redescribing Lethierry's 
species. 



MEGACXELUAf. 235 

Genus MEGACXELUM. (Vol. II, p. 427.) 

I am now able to add the descriptions of eight more species 
of this genus, though probably the enumeration is still very 
inadequate. 

3010. Megacoelum insignia, Dist. A.M.N. H. (8) iv, p. 444 (1909) 

Very pale ochraceous ; antennae with the under surface of the 
first joint, a central annulation and apex to second joint, and two 
contiguous annulations and apex to third joint, black ; eyes black ; 
narrow lateral margins to pronotum, narrow lateral margins to 
scutellum (excluding base), narrow margins to the claval suture, 
a basal subcostal line to corium and three prominent rounded 
spots one before costal margin near middle, the other two before 
basal margin of cuneus black ; apex of rostrum black ; head with 
a fine central longitudinal sulcation between the eyes ; first pint 
of antenna? nearly half as long as second joint, third a little 
shorter than second (fourth mutilated in typical specimen) ; 
rostrum slightly passing the posterior coxa? ; corium shortly 
sparingly palely pilose ; membrane considerably passing the ab- 
dominal apex ; posterior legs mutilated in typical specimen ; 
anterior and intermediate tibia? spinulose. 

Length incl. membr., , 9 millim. 

Hob. Mussoorie (coll. Dist.). 

3011. Megaccelum tibialis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 445 (1909). 

Black, finely shortly greyishly pilose ; antennae with the first 
joint black, second and third joints ochraceous, base and apex of 
second joint narrowly black ; legs black, apices of anterior and 
intermediate femora, the anterior and intermediate tibiae (excluding 
extreme apices), coxa?, and the tarsi (more or less) ochraceous ; 
head finely, centrally, longitudinaly, sulcately impressed between 
the eyes ; antennae with the first joint moderately thickened, about 
half as long as second, third distinctly shorter than second (fourth 
joint mutilated in typical specimen) ; rostrum piceous and reaching 
the posterior coxae ; apex of cuneus castaneous ; membrane 
fuscous, reflecting the dark abdomen beneath and moderately 
passing the abdominal apex ; tibiae finely spinulose, the spinules 
black ; first joint of posterior tarsi a little shorter than second 
joint. 

Length incl. membr., 8 millim. 

Hob. Simla Hills, Dharampur, 5000 ft. 

3012. Megaccelum pervalidum, Dist. A.M.N.H. (8) iv, p. 445 

(1909). 

Body and tegmina castaneous brown, somewhat thickly finely 
palely pilose ; costal area of corium widening posteriorly, 
ochraceous ; cuneus pale castaneous ; antenna? ochraceous, basal 



236 APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 

joint castaneous brown, apical area of second joint piceous ; anterior 
and intermediate femora castaneous brown, their bases and tbe 
whole of the tibiae and tarsi ochraceous, tarsal claws piceous ; 
posterior femora ochraceous, their apical areas and the posterior 
tibiae (excluding apex) black ; body beneath and coxas piceous ; 
head finely, linearly sulcate between the eyes; first joint of 
antennas about half as long as second joint, third distinctly shorter 
than second and longer than fourth ; rostrum reaching the 
posterior coxae ; rostrum ochraceous, basal joint castaueous-brown, 
apex black and reaching the posterior coxae; pronotum trans- 
versely wrinkled ; membrane fuscous, somewhat longly passing 
the abdominal apex ; tibiae spinulose, the spinules black. 

Length incl. rnernbr., 9 millim. 

Hob. Nepal ; Soondrijal and Nagorkote (Ind. Mus.). Pussuin- 
bing ; Darjiling (Mann). 

In some specimens the margin of the costal area to corium is 
castaneous brown. 



3013. Megacoelum straminipes, Dist. A.M.N.H.(8) iv, p. 446 

(1909). 

Head brownish ochraceous, eyes black ; antennae with the first 
joint piceous, second piceous biannulated with ochraceous, third 
joiut fuscous, its base ochraceous ; pronotuin shining black, the 
narrow anterior collar and extreme basal margin pale ochraceous ; 
scutellum and corium black, finely pilose, the costal margin of the 
latter brownish ochraceous ; cuneus brownish ochraceous, its outer 
margin and inner angle black ; membrane fuscous, reflecting the 
dark abdomen beneath ; body beneath piceous ; legs stramineous, 
the posterior tibiae black ; head finely longitudinally sulcate 
between the eyes ; antennae with the basal joint moderately 
thickened, about half as long as second, third only a little shorter 
than second (fourth mutilated in typical specimen) ; pronotum 
finely transversely wrinkled and with two distinct callosities near 
anterior margin ; membrane considerably passing abdominal apex ; 
rostrum stramineous and reaching the posterior coxae ; tibiae 
spinulose, the spinules black. 

Length incl. membr., 7 millim. 

Hob. Kangra Valley, 4500 ft. (Dudgeon). 

3014. Megacoelum mussooriensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 446 

(1909). 

Head black, posterior margins of eyes ochraceous ; antennae 
black, second joint usually brownish ochraceous except at base and 
apex ; pronotum brownish ochraceous, the anterior coUar and 
extreme posterior margin pale ochraceous, two contiguous trans- 
verse black spots near anterior margin and with a blackish 
suffusion near posterior margin ; scutellum piceous or black ; 



MEGACCELUM. 237 

corium piceous brown, shortly, palely, sparingly pilose, the costal 
margin pale ochraceous, cuneus pale castaneous brown : membrane 
piceous ; body beneath and legs black, the anterior and inter- 
mediate tibiae more or less brownish ochraceous ; head narrowly, 
longitudinally sulcate between the eyes ; antennae with the basal 
joint moderately thickened, about as long as the pronotum, second 
joint a little more than twice as long as the first, third joint a 
little shorter than second and much longer than fourth ; scutelluin 
finely transversely striafce : corium (including cuneus) about as 
long as posterior tibiae, clavus and corium. coucolorous ; rostrum 
black, with brownish ochraceous suffusions, reaching the posterior 
coxae ; tibiae finely spinulose, the spinules black ; tarsi more or 
less ochraceous, their apices black, first and second joints of pos- 
terior tarsi subequal in length ; membrane largely passing the 
abdominal apex. 

Var. Lateral margins of the pronotum black. 

Length 7 to 8 millim. 

Hob. Mussoorie (Brunetti). 

3015. Megacoelum brunettii, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 447 (1909). 

Head black, the base sometimes piceous ; antennae with the 
basal joint black, second joint brownish ochraceous, piceous at base 
and more broadly so at apex, third joint pale ochraceous ; pro- 
notum black, the narrow anterior collar and narrow posterior 
margin pale ochrficeous ; scutellum black ; clavus and corium 
black, the latter with the costal area, widening to cuneus, brownish 
ochraceous, the extreme costal margin, widest before cuneus, 
piceous ; cuneus pale castaneous, the inner and outer margins 
black ; membrane fuscous, reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; 
body beneath, trochanters, and coxae black ; legs sanguineous, bases 
and apices of femora and tibiae more or less piceous ; tarsi ochra- 
ceous ; head moderately convex, finely longitudinally sulcate 
between the eyes ; antennae with the first joint moderately 
thickened and about as long as pronotum, second slightly more 
than twice as long as first and distinctly longer than third (fourth 
mutilated in typical specimens) ; rostrum brownish ochraceous 
with piceous suffusions, reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum, 
scutellum, and corium sparsely, finely, palely pilose; scutellum 
smooth, not distinctly striate ; corium (including cuneus) about as 
long as posterior tibiae ; the tibiae finely spinulose, the spinules 
black ; membrane longly passing the abdominal apex. 

Length 7 rnillim. 

Hob. Meerut, 750 ft. (Brunetti). 

3016. Megacoelum marginandum, Dist. A.M.N.H. (8) iv, p. 447 

(3909). 

Head and antennae ochraceous, eyes black ; pronotum ochraceous, 
the anterior collar and narrow posterior margin paler, the disk 



238 APPENDIX. CAPSIDJ3. 

sometimes more or less suffused with blackish ; scutellum and 
corium dull deep ochraceous, the latter with the costal margin pale 
ochraceous and sparsely finely pilose, cuneus usually with pale 
castaneous suffusions ; membrane pale fuscous, the margins 
greyish and the basal area darker by reflecting the abdomen 
beneath ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, the lateral areas 
of the abdomen and sometimes the posterior tibiae rosy red ; head 
moderately convex, finely longitudinally sulcate between the eyes ; 
antennae with the first joint moderately thickened and not quite 
so long as the pronotum, second joint about twice as long as first, 
scarcely longer than third, which is about twice the length of 
fourth ; scutellum moderately convex ; corium (including cuneus) 
a little longer than posterior tibiae ; membrane longly passing the 
abdominal apex ; legs distinctly paler at basal areas, the tibi;o 
spinulose, the spinules black ; rostrum with its apex black and 
reaching the posterior coxae ; posterior tarsi with the first and 
second joints subequal in length. 

Length 7 to 8 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green) ; Madulsima, Diyatalawa, 
4000 ft., Hakgala (Bainbriyge-Fletcher). 

3017. Megacoelum patruum, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 448 (1909). 

Head and pronotum obscure ochraceous, somewhat mottled 
with piceous ; antennae ochraceous, the whole of the first joint, 
base and apex of second joint, and apical two-thirds of third and 
fourth joints black ; pronotum with the posterior lateral angles 
narrowly black ; scutellum and corium dull pitchy black, the 
latter with the costal margins ochraceous ; cuneus very dark 
castaneous, its apex pale ; head beneath and abdomen more or less 
brownish ochraceous, the sternum piceous or black ; legs stra- 
mineous, apical areas of the posterior femora more or less dis- 
tinctly blackishly biannulate ; head finely longitudinally sulcate 
between the eyes ; antennae with the first joint moderately 
thickened and about as long as the pronotum, second joint about 
twice as long as first, second and third subequal in length, third 
about twice as long as first ; scutellum moderately convex ; corium 
(including cuneus) as long as posterior tibiae ; membrane fuscous, 
longly passing the abdominal apex ; rostrum brownish ochraceous, 
its apex black and reaching the posterior coxse ; tibiae spinulose, 
the spinules black. 

Far. Basal joint of antennae brownish, not black. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Kandy (Green), Madulsima (Bainbrigge-Fletcher). 

MEGACCELTJH BISEEATENSIS. 
Lygus biseratensis, Dist. (Vol. ii, p. 457.) 

I originally placed this species in the genus Lygus, but have 
since received better specimens, and find that the head is distinctly 
longitudinally impressed or sulcate between the eyes. 



PHILOSTEPHANUS. 239 

Genus PHILOSTEPHANUS. 

Philostephanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 449 (1909). 

Type, P. vitaliter, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head a little longer than broad, deflected anteriorly, centrally 
longitudinally sulcate between the eyes, which are moderately 
transversely exserted : antennae with the basal joint only slightly- 
thickened, about as long as head, second joint twice as long as first 
(remaining joints mutilated in typical specimen) ; rostrum reaching 
the posterior coxae ; pronotum much broader than long, moderately 
convex, deflected anteriorly, lateral margins oblique, anterior and 
posterior margins truncate ; scutellum somewhat small and 
convex ; corium (excluding cuneus) about twice as long as broad, 
slightly longer than posterior tibiae, cuneus triangularly elongate, 
its apex acute ; membrane considerably passing the abdominal apex 
and with a subquadrate posteriorly subtruncate cell ; legs of 
moderate length, the posterior femora distinctly thickened, tibiae 
spinulose, posterior tarsi with the first and second joints subequal 
in length. 

Allied to Megaccelum. 

3018. Philostephanus vitaliter, Dist. A.M.N. H. (8) iv, p. 449 
(1909). 

Head ochraceous, speckled with fuscous ; antennae with the first 
joint ochraceous speckled with fuscous, second joint piceous, 




Fig. 129. Philostephanus vitaliter. 

centrally paler (remaining joints mutilated in typical specimen); 
pronotum shining black, posterior margin very narrowly and 
a short central basal linear spot ochraceous ; scutellum shining 



240 APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 

black, with a small ochraceous spot at each basal angle ; clavus 
and corium fuscous, largely and somewhat densely mottled with 
pale ochraceous ; cuneus fuscous, its basal area greyish, the extreme 
apex .pale ochraceous ; membrane pale fuscous with large greyish 
suffusions ; body beneath and legs ochraceous, a sublateral piceous 
fascia on each side of sternum, and a similar but narrower and 
more obscure fascia on each side of abdomen ; all the femora and 
tibiae annulated with fuscous ; head in front of eyes transversely 
striate, the eyes slightly projecting beyond the anterior margin 
of the pronotum ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 8| millim. 

Hab. Simla. 

Genus TANCREDUS. 

Tancredus, Dist. vol. ii, p. 430 (1904). 

Indcelum, Kirk. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxii, p. 138 (1906). 

TANCBEDUS SANDABACATUS. (Vol. II, p. 430.) 

Var. a. Pronotum concolorous, pale stramineous ; lateral 
sanguineous fasciae absent. 

Var. 6. Body entirely pale stramineous ; all the sanguineous 
markings absent. 

Add : Hob. Bombay (DLvon). Calcutta. 

TANCBEDUS EUBEICATUS. (Megaccelum rubricatum, Vol. II, p. 429.) 

Indoelum rubricatum, Kirk. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxii, p. 138 
(1906). 

Var. Lateral areas of pronotum concolorous, not fuscous, the 
fuscous coloration only appearing as a small spot at the posterior 
pronotal angles ; all the sanguineous coloration much paler, almost 
obsolete. 

Add: Hab. Travancore. Ceylon; Madulsiina (Fletcher). 

Genus STECHUS. 

(To be placed near Tancredus, Vol. II, p. 430.) 
Stechus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 449 (1909). 

Type, 8. libertus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head a little longer than broad, moderately deflected anteriorly, 
finely longitudinally sulcate between the eyes, which are very 
large and project beyond the anterior margin of the pronotum ; 
antennae with the first joint about as long as head and only slightly 
thickened, second joint three times as long as first and half as long 
again as third ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum 
much broader than long, moderately convex and deflected 



STECHUS. 241 

anteriorly, with a broad transverse callosity near the anterior 
margin, the lateral margins moderately convex, anterior margin 
subtruncate, posterior margin a little posteriorly produced at base 
of scutellum ; scutellum moderately convex and subtriangular ; 
corium (excluding cuneus) about twice as long as broad and a little 
shorter than the posterior tibiae, cuneus elongately subtriangular, 
its apex acute, the cuneal fracture distinct ; membrane longly 
passing the abdominal apex, with a subquadrate posteriorly 
truncate cell; legs of moderate length, femora moderately 
thickened, the posterior femora more strongly so, tibiae spinulose. 
posterior tarsi with first and second joints subequal in length. 



3019. Stechus libertus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 450 (1909). 

Pale olivaceous-green, inclining to ochraceous in more dried 
specimens ; antennae black, a subapical annulation to first joint 
and a subbasal annulation to second joint ochraceous ; eyes black ; 
corium and cuneus more olivaceous than the head, pronotum, and 




Fig. 130. Stechus libertus 

scutellum, the clavus considerably darker, and the inner area of 
the corium distinctly darker ; cuneus pale olivaceous with the 
apical angle black ; membrane pale fuscous ; body beneath and 
legs pale virescent, apical area of posterior femora fuscous brown 
with a subapical pale annulation ; clavus and corium obscurely 
shortly pilose ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5 inillim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Madulsitna (Bainbriyge-Fletcher). 

TOL. V. B 



242 APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 

Genus ARETAS. 
(Near Tancredus, Vol. II, p. 430.) 

Aretas, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 450 (1909). 

Type, A, imperatorius, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head between eyes as broad as long, very finely centrally 
longitudinally sulcate, transversely impressed a little before base ; 
eves longer than broad ; antennae with the basal joint iucrassate, 
spinulose, about as long as head, second joint about three times as 
long as first, third joint partially mutilated in typical specimen ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; prouotum broader than 
long, the lateral margins a little concavely sinuate, the anterior 
margin truncate and ridged, transversely impressed at about one- 
third before anterior margin, between which and the anterior 
margin are two transverse callosities, posterior margin subtruncate ; 
scutellum broad, triangular ; corium with the costal margin a little 
convex, excluding cuneus about as long as posterior tibiae, cuneus 
somewhat small, subtriangular ; membrane passing the abdominal 
apex ; posterior femora strongly incrassate, tibiae finely spinulose ; 
posterior tibiae with the first and second joints subequal in length. 

2020. Aretas imperatorius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 451 (1909). 
Head dull greyish, the eyes black ; antennae stramineous, the 




Fig. 131. Areias imperatorius. 

basal joint pale castaneous ; pronotum, scutellum, and corium 
ochraceous ; lateral margins of pronotum, a broad central fascia 



ELXHJBJ1US. 243 

on apical half of scutellum, base and apex of clavus, costal margin 
and outside margin of clavus to coriuin, two small spots before 
base of membrane, and cuneus (excluding two basal spots) san- 
guineous ; membrane very pale fuscous, the posterior margins of 
the cells sanguineous ; body beneath and legs stramineous, tibial 
spinules concolorous ; rostrum stramineous, apex of basal joint 
dull sanguineous ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



Genus ELTHEMUS. 
Elthemus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 451 (1909). 

Type, E. conspicatwt, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head a little longer than broad, centrally longitudinally sulcate ; 
eyes transverse, prominent, projecting beyond the anterior 
margins of the pronotum ; antennae with the first joint thickened, 
longer than the head, second joint three times as long as first and 
considerably longer than third, fourth only slightly longer than 
first ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum much 
broader than long, narrowed anteriorly, with a short but distinct 
collar, the lateral margins oblique, posterior margin subtruucate, 
slightly transversely impressed about one-third from anterior 
margin, the anterior area with two callosities, in some specimens 
these callosities are united, the disk (excluding anterior area) 
finely punctate ; scutellum triangular ; corium (excluding cuneus) 
as long as posterior tibiae and closely finely pilose, cuneus 
elongately triangular ; membrane passing the abdominal apex ; legs 
of moderate length, femora moderately thickened, the posterior 
femora more strongly so, tibiae spinulose, posterior tarsi with the 
first and second joints subequal in length. 

Allied to Tancredus, Dist., but differing by the greater length 
of the basal joint of antennae, the non-prominent pronotal angles, 
the much larger scutellum, the longer corium, &c. 



'3021. Elthemus conspicatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8)iv,p. 4oi(l909). 

Head dull ochraceous, eyes black*-; antennae with the first joint 
blackish, remaining joints brownish ; pronotum piceous black, the 
anterior collar and posterior narrow margin ochraceous ; scutellura 
ochraceous, with piceous suffusions, the most prominent being a 
more or less distinct basal spot ; clavus and corium blackish, the 
costal area more or less ochraceous, the blackish coloration 
extending across it near apex as an elongate costal spot : cuneus 
pale ochraceous, its margins darker ; membrane fuscous ; body 



244 APPENDIX. CAPSID^fi. 

beneath and legs ochraceous, a broad lateral fascia to sternum and 
abdomen black, posterior femora anmilated with fuscous near apex ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 




Fig. 132. Elthemus conspicatits. 



Length 5-5^ millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



3022. Elthemus domitus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 452 (1909). 

Dull ochraceous (perhaps virescent in life), eyes black ; pronotum 
with the collar and narrow posterior margin a little paler, the 
latter sometimes inwardly margined with piceous ; scutellum and 
corium pale ochraceous, the clavus and inner area of corium 
brownish ochraceous ; membrane pale fuscous, the basal area 
piceous ; body beneath and legs reddish ochraceous, a sublateral 
fascia to sternum and sometimes a few discal spots to abdomen 
piceous ; femora longitudinally streaked with pale ochraceous ; 
antennae ochraceous, the basal joint and apex of second joint black 
or blackish, first joint longer than head, second joint about three 
times as long as first ; head longitudinally sulcate between the 
eyes ; pronotum finely wrinkled and punctate ; clavus and corium 
thickly finely pilose ; membrane considerably passing the abdominal 
apex ; posterior femora apically biannulated with brown. 

Length 5-5 1 millim. 

Hal. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



DRUTHMABTJS. 245 

Genus ASERYMUS, nov., to replace Zanessa. (Vol. II, p. 432.) 

Type, A. sanyuinolentus, Dist. 

I originally considered that Zanessa Kirk., might include only 
sanguinolenta from Ceylon, but more material has altered my 
opinion. The description given of Zanessa (vol. ii, p. 432) and 
the figure (vol. ii, fig. 278) will suffice, but stress must be laid on 
the lateral margins of the pronotum which are obliquely straight 
and not concavely sinuate as in Zanessa, the head is also shorter, 
broader, and not angularly narrowed anteriorly. 

ASERYMUS SANGUINOLENTUS. 

Zanessa sanguinolenta, Dist. vol. ii, p. 432, tig. 278. 



Genus DRDTHMARUS. 
(To follow Zanessa, A 7 ol. II, p. 432.) 
Druthmarus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 452 (1909). 

Type, D. magnicornis, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head about as long as broad between eyes, centrally longi- 
tudinally sulcate, anteriorly broadly angulate ; eyes exserted, large, 
transverse, projecting far beyond the anterior margin of the 
pronotum, directed a little backwardly ; antennae with the basal 
joint short and incrassate, second joint very strongly incrassate, 




Fig. 133. Druthinarus magnicornh. 

about four times as long as first, third and fourth joints short, 
slender, subequal in length ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; 
pronotum much broader than long, obliquely narrowed to head, 
moderately deflected anteriorly, and prominently deflected before 



24G APPENDIX. CAPSID.S. 

base of scutellum ; scutellum triangular, about as long as head : 
corium (excluding cuneus) as long as posterior tibiae ; cuneus 
short and broad, angularly attenuated inwardly ; membrane 
passing abdominal apex ; legs of moderate length, tibiae spinulose, 
posterior tarsi with the basal joint shortest. 

3023. Druthmarus magnicornis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 453 

(1909). 

Black ; third and fourth joints of antennae piceous, their bases 
stramineous ; membrane with the apical area fuscous brown, the 
basal area reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; apical areas of 
intermediate tibiae and the tarsi (excluding apices) stramineous ; 
corium faintly shortly palely pilose ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Lengths millim. 

H(ib. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Green). 

Genus PRODROMUS. (Vol. II, p. 436.) 

3024. Prodromus cuneatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 453 (1909). 
Head, pronotum, and scutellum very pale ochraceous; eyes 

black ; antennae with the basal joint pale ochraceous, second joint 
piceous, subapically annulated with pale ochraceous, third and 




Fig. 134. Prodrwmis cuneatus. 

fourth joints dull greyish; hemelytra hyaline, margins of the 
clavus and cuneus, costal margin of corium and margins of mem- 
branal cell more or less virescent; body beneath very pale 
ochraceous ; legs stramineous, apices of the tarsi black ; head 



APOLLODOTTJS. 247 

centrally finely medially impressed : eyes prominent, exserted, well 
separated from the anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae 
with the first joint a little longer than head, second more than 
half as long again as first ; pronotum with a narrow anterior 
collar, transversely constricted before middle and enclosing two 
callosities, posterior area tumid, thickly somewhat finely punctate ; 
cuneus very long, almost reaching the membranal apex. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

Distinct from the other described species of Prodromus by the 
length of the cuneus. 



Genus APOLLGLOTUS. 
(To follow Angerianus, Vol. II, p. 437.) 

Apollodotus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 454 (1909). 

Type, A, prcefectus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal; Ceylon. 

Head half as long as broad, very broad between eyes, anteriorly 
perpendicularly deflected, medially longitudinally impressed, trans- 
versely impressed behind eyes and narrowed to base ; eyes small 
and placed near apex of head and longly removed from base ; 
antennae with the basal joint thickened, about as long as head, 
second joint moderately thickened, more than twice as long as 
first, third longer than fourth, together little more than half the 
length of second ; pronotum about half as long as breadth at base, 
with a narrow anterior collar behind which are two transverse 
constrictions enclosing an area which is centrally carinate and 
contains a smooth callosity on each side, very strongly narrowed 
from base to head, the lateral margins straightly oblique ; 
scutelluin gibbous, shortly acute at upper posterior angle ; corium 
( excluding cuneus) short, broad, about as long as head and prono- 
tum together, the costal margin a little convexly dilated ; cuneus 
short and broad, the cuneal fracture profound ; legs of moderate 
length, the posterior tibiae as long as corium and cuneus together, 
posterior tarsi with the first joint longer than second. 

Allied to Angerianus, Dist., but shorter, broader, head much 
shorter and less exserted, pronotum much broader and more 
regularly narrowed, scutellum distinct. 

3025. Apollodotus praefectus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 454 
(1909). 

Head obscure ochraceous, centrally and behind the eyes marked 
with black; antennae with the first joint black, second joint 
ochraceous, with the apical area black, third and fourth obscure 
ochraceous ; pronotum black, coarsely punctate, a central longitu- 
dinal line, lateral margins and the apical basal margins more or 



248 APPENDIX. CAPSIDJE. 

less ochraceous ; scutellurn black ; clavus black, with a large dull 
ochraceous spot near middle ; corium subhyaline, with blackish 
spots, the two largest forming a transverse fascia near middle ; 
cuneus and membranal cells margined with piceous ; membrane 
pale hyaline, longly passing the abdominal apex ; body beneath 




Fig. 135. Apollodottis prafectus. 

and^legs black, apices of the femora and basal areas of the inter- 
mediate and posterior femora ochraceous, tibiae and tarsi ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath with two ochraceous spots on each side beyond 
middle; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3| inillim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefroy). Ceylon ; Eppawala (Green). 



Genus HELOPELTIS. (Vol. II, p. 439.) 

3026. Helopeltis cinchonas, Mann, Mem. Dept. Agric. 2nd. Ent. 
ser, 1, n. 4, p. 328 (1907). 

Male. " Head black, no tubercle at base of antennae ; antennae 
with the first joint stramineous-luteous speckled with black, 
nodulose and incrassated during most of the length (-97 mm.), 
second joint dark brown with black tip (3*00 ram), third dark 
brown, extreme base and apical third black, slightly thickened at 
apex; rostrum ochraceous-luteous, with dark brown tip (1'60 mm.), 
second joint ('33 mm.), fourth joint ('50 mm.) ; pronotum of usual 
generic shape, wholly black above and below ; head and pronotuin 
(1-37 mm.?) ; scutellum black, scutellar horn black for about a 
quarter of the length from the bottom, above this luteous through- 
out, except for extremely narrow ring just below the tip, as stout 
as in H. iheivora (in all specimens yet seen), very slightly bent, 
(1-27 mm.), the clavate tip is not nearly so large relatively to the 



HELOPELTIS. 249 

thickness of the horn as with H. theivora ; hemelytra as in H. ihei- 
vora, but with slight suffusion of black throughout, cuneus with 
apex and inner portion bright red, extending sometimes into the 
vein of the membrane; black point at base and tip (2*74 mm.) ; 
corium (2-90 mm.), cuneus (1-17 mm.), maximum length 
(4'70 mm.) ; " hind wing " extremely like If. theivora, one addi- 
tional diagonal vein, separated, in the inner portion of membrane ; 
posterior legs with dark femur with light coloured ring at base, 
and with variable quantities of reddish-ochraceous ; tibia and tarsus 
ochraceous, former very hairy towards tip and latter hairy ; forma- 
tion of tarsus as in H. theivora ; femur (2-50 mm.), tibia (3'13 mm.), 
tarsus ('57 mm.), intermediate and anterior legs not unlike hind leg 
but less dark in femur ; intermediate femur (2-20 mm.), tibia 
(2-80 mm.), tarsus (-57 mm.) ; fore femur (2-00 mm.), tibia 
(2'63 mm.), tarsus ('57 mm.) ; thorax entirely black ; coxae luteous ; 
abdomen beneath with a black spot near lateral edge of every seg- 
ment, tip black, no other segments black ; abdomen above with five 
segments and the tip more or less black right across, most intensely 
so at sides, general colour of abdomen ochraceous. 

female. Head generally black, but much mixed with brownish- 
ochraceous, patches of ochraceous behind bases of antennae ; 
antennae with the first joint ochraceous with two narrow dark 
rings (1-13 mm.), second ochraceous with black tip, thinner than 
first and not thickened (3-22 mm.), third much shorter than second ; 
rostrum colour as in male ; pronotum with the collar ochraceous, 
the posterior portion dark, disk with a black patch extending two- 
thirds of the length from posterior margin, crossed by two 
diagonally longitudinal ochraceous lines, remainder ochraceous ; 
head and pronotum (1-73 mm.); scutellum very dark or black, 
horn (1*57 mm.) ; thorax with the anterior portion ochraceous, 
mesothorax black, metathorax ochraceous-luteous, furrow down 
middle of pro- and mesothorax ; coxae luteous ; abdomen beneath 
ochraceous to stramineous except tip, segments posterior to 
origin of ovipositor and ovipositor itself, which are black." (Mann.) 

Measurements (as sectionally given, supra). 

Hob. British Bhutan; Munsong ; Mungpoo, Darjiling, 2,700 
to 4,000 feet. 

The characters given as differentiating this species from others 
of the genus are shortness of the first joint of antennae, the bright 
red colour of the apex and inner portion of cuneus, the luteous 
and erect character of the scutellar horn, together with small size 
of the clavate head relatively to that of the stalk in both 
male and female, and the markings on the pronotum of the 
female. 

HELOPELTIS THEIYOKA. (Vol. II, p. 440.) 

Variation in the sexes of this species has been described 
by Mr. H. H. Mann (J. and P. A. S. Beng. new ser. ii, no. 5 ? 



250 APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 

1906), from fresh and living specimens, and he remarks: "The 
points which settle the sex to a casual observer, are : 

" 1. The size of the orange spot on the pronotum andscutellum. 
In the female it is much bigger than in the male, and in fact in 
the latter it is often hardly to be seen. 

" 2. The shape of the abdomen, which is always larger and 
stouter in the female. 

" 3. The size of the insect, the female being always distinctly 
bigger in every respect. 

" 4. The presence of the ovipositor in the female." 

Mr. Mann also states that " the males are always present in 
much smaller numbers than the females." 

When enumerating the species of the genus I placed the H. feb- 
riculosa, Bergr. as a probable synonym of H. theivora, Water h. 
(vol. ii, p. 440). Mr. Mann (Mem. Dept. Agr. Ind. Ent. ser. i, 
no. 4, p. 331, 1907), writes : " I have shown conclusively that the 
H. febriculosa as described by Bergroth comes well within the 
variation noticed for H. iheivora, and that the observations give 
no indication of the presence of two distinct types under the latter. 
I should, in fact, be inclined to consider Bergroth's insect as not 
even a definite variety, but rather as a mere casual and individual 
variation.*' 



Genus HYALOPEPLUS. (Vol. II, p. 447.) 

3027. Hyalopeplus clavatus, Dist. A.M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 509 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and corium bronzy ochraceous ; 
head with three longitudinal black lines, the lateral ones con- 
verging anteriorly ; antennae with the basal joint bronzy ochra- 
ceous, with a more or less distinct piceous line beneath, second 
joint black, with its base ochraceous (remaining joints mutilated 
in typical specimens) ; pronotal collar with the margins and three 
longitudinal lines black, the central line more prominent, posterior 
pronotal margin and the posterior angles black ; clavus with the 
inner and outer margins and the suture black; corium with the 
costal marginal area paler and bordered on each side with black, 
veins piceous; membrane pale olivaceous, subhyaline, the ba^al 
area reflecting the darker abdomen beneath, the cellular margins 
black; body beneath, rostrum, and legs ochraceous; antenna? with 
the basal joint moderately thickened and a little longer than head, 
second joint slightly thickened and nearly four times as long as 
first : rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum with the 
anterior area subgranulose, the posterior area transversely striate 
and centrally longitudinally impressed, posterior angles slightly 
straightly prominent ; scutellum with the disk very finely trans- 
versely striate. 

Length 10 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Lebong, 5000 ft. (Lefroy}. 



El'RYCYRTUS. 251 

Differs from H. spinosus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 447), by the less pro- 
duced posterior pronotal angles ; and from H. vitripennis, Stal 
(vol. ii, p. 447), by the absence of the linear markings, different 
colour of antennae, &c. 



Genus PHYTOCORIS. (Vol. II, p. 448.) 
PHYTOCORIS CRI:NMTUS. (Vol. II, p. 449.) 

Originally described from Ceylon we have since received this 
species from Continental India. 

Add: Hab. Simla Hills; Phagu, 9000 ft. (Annandale). West 
Bengal ; Paresnath (Annandale). 

One large specimen is 5| millim. in length. 

Genus EURYCYRTUS to replace Paracalocoris. (Vol. II, p. 449.) 

Eurycyrtus, Rent. Ofv. Finsk. Vet. Soc. Fork, xxi, p. 34 (1879) ; id. 

Ann. Mus. Petersb. xii, p. 496 (1908) ; id. Acta Soc. Scient. Fenn. 

xxxvi, n. 2, p. 38 (1909). 
Paracalocoris, Dist. (part.) (vol. ii, p. 449). 

Beuter has pointed out (supra) that his genus Eurycyrtus is 
available for the Oriental and Ethiopian species which 1 have in- 
cluded in my genus Paracalocoris and that the latter should be 
restricted to the Neotropical species for which I founded it. 

EURYCYETUS BURMANICUS. 

Paracalocoris burmanicus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 450). 

i 
EURYCYRTUS EREBUS. 

Paracalocoris erebus. Dist. (vol. ii, p. 450). 

EURYCYRTUS LANARIUS. 
Paracalocoris lanarius, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 450). 

In the Ceylonese type the legs are practically pale ochraceous, 
which is evidently a varietal colour, for in specimens since received 
from the Indian peninsula, those from Bombay agree with the 
type, while others from Calcutta have the apical areas of the femora 
more or less infuscate, and in the posterior femora distinctly 
palely annulate at their apices. 

Add : Hal. Bombay (Dixori) ; Calcutta (Ind. Mus.), 



252 APPENDIX. - CAPSID^E. 



Genus DIOPHANTUS. 
(To precede Calocoris, Vol. II, p. 451.) 
Dioplmntus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 510 (1909). 

Type, D. literatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head somewhat large, longer than broad, the lateral margins 
slightly sinuate, centrally slightly longitudinally ridged ; eyes 
iarge, a little obliquely directed backward ; autennae with the first 
joint scarcely as long as head, second about three times as long as 
first, first and second longly pilose, third and fourth slender, third 
about half the length of second and distinctly longer than fourth ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior cox 33 ; pronotum nearly twice as 
broad at base as long, the basal margin convex and about two and 
a half times as broad as anterior margin, transversely impressed 
near anterior margin, and behind this impression two transverse 
callosities, lateral margins oblique ; scutellum triangular ; coriuni 




Fig. 136. Diophantus literatus. 

(including cuneus) a little longer than posterior tibiae, the costal 
margin slightly convex ; cuneus broad, elongately triangular, the 
basal margin towards inner apex obliquely deflected to membrane ; 
membrane passing abdominal apex, with a short subquadrate 
posteriorly subtruncate cell, to which is attached a smaller inner 
cell ; legs of moderate size and length ; posterior tarsi with the 
first and second joints subequal in length ; body and legs thickly, 
more or less longly pilose. 

In this Indian enumeration I place the genus near Eurycyrtus 
and Calocoris. 



253 



3028. Diophantus literatus, List. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 510 (1909). 

Body above brownish ochraceous, thickly, somewhat longly 
pilose ; cuneus castaneous, its basal margin ochraceous ; head with 
a central longitudinal line and the eyes black ; antennae ochraceous, 
apex of second joint and the third and fourth joints piceous ; pro- 
notuin with the extreme basal margin paler and with a small black 
spot at each posterior lateral angle ; scutellum and the interior 
area of corium distinctly darker in hue ; membrane fuscous, beyond 
middle mottled with greyish, the basal area reflecting the dark 
abdomen beneath ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, meso- 
sternum laterally piceous, legs annulated with fuscous ; pronotum 
finely transversely wrinkled and punctate ; scutellum punctate ; 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5^ millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Obiya (Green). 



Genus CALOCOEIS. (Vol. II, p. 451.) 
3029. Calocoris rama, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 511 (1909). 

Above bright, shining, pale olivaceous-green ; body beneath and 
legs paler ; antennae black, the basal joint olivaceous-green ; eyes 
black ; membrane fuscous, with a grey spot near apex of cuneus, a 
little darker on basal area ; rostrum ochraceous, its apex black and 
reaching the intermediate coxae ; antennae with the basal joint 
about as long as head, second joint about three times as long as 
first and obscurely palely annulate near base ; head rather elongate 
anteriorly ; pronotum with two small transverse callosities near 
anterior margin, which is ridged ; corium with the costal marginal 
area a little paler in hue and with cuneus a little longer than 
posterior tibiae ; tibiae setose ; tarsi apically black. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hab. Darjiling. 



Genus MEVIUS. (Vol. II, p. 453.) 

Peritropis, Popp. (part.) (nee Uhler), Acta Soc. Sclent. Ftmn. xxxvii, 
n. 4, p. 24 (1910). 

Poppius first places my Eastern genus Mevius as a synonym of 
Uhler's North American genus Peritropis and then uses it as a 
distinct subgenus under which he describes species from New 
Guinea and Singapore. 



254 APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 



Genus LYGUS. (Vol. II, p. 454.) 

3030. Lygus ostensus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 511 (1909). 

Head and pronoturn ochraceous ; antennae and eyes black ; 
scutellurn black ; clavus and inner area of corium black, base of 
clavus and costal and lateral areas of corium ochraceous ; cuneus 
castaneous ; membrane pale fuscous, subhyaline, the base blackish 
by reflecting the dark abdomen beneath; head beneath, sternum, 
and legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath black, with the basal angles 
ochraceous ; femora obscurely anuulated with brownish ; antennae 
with the basal joint about as long as head, second joint about 
twice as long as first ; pronotum with two transverse concolorous 
callosities behind anterior margin ; hemelytra very obscurely 
shortly pilose ; membrane longly passing abdominal apex ; apices 
of tarsi black. 

Length 3-4 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta (Ind. Mus.); Chapra (Mackenzie}; Pusa(#.. D.); 
Moughyr (Jenkins) ; Kurseoug (Paiva) ; United Provinces ; 
Allahabad. 

Allied to L. pubens, Dist. 

3031. Lygus patrius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 512 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and corium ochraceous ; eves, apex 
of clavus, two transverse spots to corium (one before, the other 
behind middle), and a basal spot and extreme apex to cuneus black 
or blackish ; membrane pale fuscous, subhyaline, the basal area 
blackish by reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; intermediate and posterior coxae and bases 
of femora and abdomen (excluding apex) black ; femora obscurely 
testaceously annulate, tibiae obscurely f uscously annulate ; antennae 
ochraceous, the base and nearly the apical half of second joint 
black, third and fourth joints very pale fuscous, first joint about 
as long as head, second about twice as long as first ; membrane 
longly passing the abdominal apex. 

Length 4 inillim. 

Hob. East Himalayas ; Kurseong. 

3032. Lygus annandalei, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 512 (1909). 

Head reddish ochraceous, the eyes fuscous brown ; antennae with 
the first and second joints ochraceous, apical third of second joint 
black, third and fourth joints pale fuscous; pronotum pale ochra- 
ceous, slightly tinged with virescent, the basal area blackish with the 
exception of the extreme basal margin ; scutellum and clavus black ; 
corium very pale ochraceous, subhyaline, the costal membrane a little 
darker, a transverse dark castaneous spot at inner posterior angle ; 



LYGUS. 255 

cuneus with the lateral and posterior margins and a small spot 
near its inner base dark castaneous ; membrane hyaline, trans- 
A r ersely trifaseiately mottled with pale fuscous ; body beneath and 
legs pale ochraceous, pro- and mesonota with a sublateral black 
fascia, abdominal apex castaneous, centrally black ; antennae with 
the basal joint slightly shorter than head, second joint more than 
twice as long as first, third little more than half as long as second, 
but much longer than fourth ; pronotum with two transverse 
callosities near anterior margin ; corium shortly obscurely pilose ; 
membrane longly passing the abdominal apex ; apices of the tarsi 
black. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hah. L. Bengal ; Sonarpur. 



3033. Lygus costatus, l)ist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 512 (1909). 

Head ochraceous, the apex and eyes black ; antennae with the 
first and second joints ochraceous, apical area of the second black, 
third and fourth joints pale piceous ; pronotum ochraceous, the 
disk frequently discoloured ; scutellum ochraceous ; corium ochra- 
ceous, its disk paler and obscurely greyish ; inner claval margin 
(broadly), margins of claval suture, costal margin, and a spot at 
base aud apex of cuneus black ; membrane brownish-ochraceous, 
with darker mottlings, the basal area darker by the reflection of 
the abdomen beneath ; body beneath and legs ochraceous, disk of 
mesonotum and a spot at base of abdomen black ; basal joint of 
antennae about as long or very slightly shorter than head, second 
joint a little more than twice as long as first ; pronotum with two 
transverse callosities behind the anterior margin ; scutellum 
moderately tumid ; corium obscurely, thickly, shortly pilose ; 
membrane considerably passing the abdominal apex ; tibial spinules 
and apices of the tarsi black. 

Far. The black inner margin to clavus occupying the greater 
part of its area and the costal black margin considerably widened 
towards apex. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Nepal ; Chonebal, Katmandu (Ind. Mus.). 

LYGUS DECOLOBATUS. (Vol. II, p. 455.) 

Add : Hob. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong, 5000 ft. (Annandule) ; 
Bhiin Tal, 4500 ft., Kumaou. Nepal ; Nagorkote, Katmandu. 
Calcutta. 

3034. Lygus gemellus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 513 (1909). 

Ochraceous, possibly virescent in living or fresh specimens ; 
eyes black ; antennae greenish ochraceous, apex of the second and 
the whole of the third and fourth joints pale fuscous ; cuneus with 



256 APPENDIX. CAPSLD^E. 

the apical area a little paler and the apical angle black ; membrane 
subhyaline, mottled with pale brownish ; femora obscurely annu- 
lated with pale brownish near apices ; antennae with the basal 
joint scarcely as long as head, second joint more than twice as long 
as first, third considerably shorter than second and longer than 
fourth ; pronotum very finely wrinkled and with two small obscure 
transverse callosities near anterior margin ; scutellum moderately 
tumid ; corium and clavus distinctly finely pilose, corium appearing 
paler on marginal areas where the abdomen is not reflected 
beneath ; membrane longly passing the abdominal apex ; rostrum 
with the apex black and very shortly passing the posterior coxae ; 
apices of the tarsi black. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Kumaon ; Bhim Tal (Annandale) ; Darjiling ; Pussumbing, 
4700 ft. (Mann). Bombay ; Bassein Fort. 

Allied to L. viridanus, Motsch. (vol. ii, p. 456). 

In some specimens the apical angle of the cuneus is concolorous, 
not black. 

LYGUS BENGALICUS, Rent. (Vol. II, p. 457.) 

Var. Basal joint of antennae entirely sanguineous. 
Add : Hob. Burma ; Mandalay (Annandale). 

3035. Lygus Valerius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 514 (1909). 

Head reddish ochraceous, its apex and the eyes black ; antennae 
with the first and second joints black, third and fourth pale 
brownish, base of third ochraceous ; pronotum ochraceous, the 




Fig. 137. Lygus Valerius. - 

anterior and lateral margins pale reddish ochraceous, behind the 
anterior margin two transverse black callose spots ; scutellum, 
corium, and cuneus black ; membrane pale fuscous, subhyaline, 



\ 



THERMUS. 257 

basal area darker, reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; body 
beneath black, lateral areas of the sternum reddish-ochraceous ; 
legs ochraceous, the basal areas and annulations to the apical areas 
of the femora piceous or black ; antennae with the basal joint about 
as long as head, second joint about twice as long as first ; eyes 
prominent and projecting beyond the anterior margin of the pro- 
notum; scutellum foveately impressed at base; hemelytra obscurely, 
shortly, palely pilose ; apices of the tarsi black. 

Length 3 to 3| millim. 

Hob. Kumaon ; Bhim Tal, 4500 ft. (Annandale). 

Allied to L. catullus, Dist. 

3036. Lygus devinctus, List. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 514 (1909). 

Head ochraceous or pale castaneous, with the apex and the eyes 
black : antennas with the basal joint ochraceous or pale castaneous, 
second joint black, third and fourth fuscous, base of third ochra- 
ceous ; pronotum pale ochraceous, with two transverse black 
callose spots behind the anterior margin ; scutellum black ; corium 
ochraceous, clavus with an inner black fascia, widened posteriorly, 
but not occupying the apical angle, corium with a large transverse 
black spot beyond middle ; cuneus black, its basal margin ochra- 
ceous ; membrane pale fuscous, subhyaline, its basal area blackish 
by reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; body beneath black ; 
prosternum, rostrum, and legs ochraceous, femora obscurely annu- 
lated with brownish, their bases black or piceous. apices of the 
tibiae and tarsi narrowly black, in some specimens the anterior tibiae 
are centrally obscurely darkly annulate ; antennae with the basal 
joint as long as head, second joint about twice as long as first ; 
cuneal fracture profound ; membrane longly passing the ab- 
dominal apex. 

Length 4 millim . 

Hob. Nepal ; Soondrijal (Ind. Mus.~). 



Genus THERMUS. 
(To follow Lygus, Vol. II, p. 454.) 
Thermus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 514 (1909). 

Type, T. adumbratus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head a little broader than long, the anterior margin longly 
pilose ; eyes transverse, passing the anterior margin of the pro- 
notum ; antenna with the basal joint slightly thickened, a little 
longer than head, somewhat longly pilose, second joint four times 
as long as first, third almost half as long as second and nearly 
twice as long as fourth ; pronotum about twice as broad as long, 
coarsely punctate, anteriorly declivous, the lateral margins a little 
roundly oblique ; mesonotum exposed ; scutellum subtriaugular ; 
corium with cuneus about as long aa the second joint of the 

VOL. v. s 



258 APPENDIX. 

antennae ; cuneus elongately angulate : membrane longly passing 
the abdominal apex, with two short, posteriorly truncate cells, the 
outermost smaller ; posterior femora very strongly thickened, 
shorter than the tibias, attenuated towards apices ; tibiae spinulose ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxae, with the first joint shorter 
than the second. 



3037. Thermus adumbratus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 515 (1909). 

Head dull ochraceous, with three transverse fasciae (one basal, 
one central, and the other apical) and a central longitudinal fascia 
sanguineous ; antennae ochraceous ; pronotuin dull ochraceous, a 
sublateral fascia on each side, a transverse fascia before middle, 
and a central longitudinal fascia (not reaching base) sanguineous ; 
scutellum dull ochraceous, the lateral margins sanguineous ; corium 
dull ochraceous, with the margins sanguineous, the inner and 
outer margins preceded by small greyish spots, the apical margin 




Fig. 138. Thermus adumbratus. 

broader, costal margin (excluding apex) pale ochraceous ; clavus 
greyish, thickly spotted with brownish ; cuneus pale ochraceous, 
the outer margin and apex sanguineous and with a small fuscous 
spot near base ; membrane pale fuscous, the margins of the cells 
sanguineous ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, lateral areas 
of the sternum and abdomen moderately infuscate; posterior 
femora with their apical halves more or less sanguineous ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Maskeliya (G. B. de Mowbray). 



SAPINNIUS. 259 

Genus SAPINNIUS. 
Sapinnius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 515 (1909), 

Type, S.fidelis, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head somewhat small, perpendicularly deflected, subtriangular, 
the lateral margins rounded ; eyes broad, narrow, transverse, pro- 
jecting beyond the anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae 
with the basal joint moderately thickened, longer than head, 
second joint more than three times longer than first, third about 
half as long as second and considerably longer than fourth ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum strongly declivous 
anteriorly, about twice as broad at base as long, the lateral margins 
oblique, the posterior margin somewhat convex, the posterior 
lateral angles subprominent ; scutellum triangular, the basal 
angles a little callose ; clavus, corium, and cuneus thickly pilose, 
corium (excluding cuneus) about as long as second joint of 
antennas ; cuneus elongately subtriangular ; membrane longly 
passing the abdominal apex and with a basal, slightly curved, 
posteriorly truncate cell ; legs moderate, posterior femora not 
prominently thickened, posterior tarsi with the basal joint 
longest. 

. Sapinnius fidelis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 516 (1909). 
Headochraceous, longitudinally pale sanguineous before each eye ; 




Fig. 139. Sapinnius fidelis. 
eyes black ; antennae pale ochraceous ; pronotum ochraceous, with 



260 APPENDIX. 

four longitudinal, slightly curved, pale sanguineous fasciae ; scu- 
tellum ochraceous, with basal pale sanguineous markings ; corium 
and clavus pale brownish-ochraceous, the corium with the lateral 
areas irregularly pale ochraceous, cuneus with nearly the inner 
half pale brownish, the remaining area pale ochraceous ; mem- 
brane hyaline, at base reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; body 
beneath pale sanguineous ; legs pale ochraceous, posterior femora 
tinted with pale sanguineous ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 5 millini. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Madulsima (Bainbric/ge-Fletcher, Brit. Mus.). 



Genus PCECILOSCYTUS. (Vol. II, p. 458.) 

PffiCILOSCYTUS LONGICOENIS. (Vol. II, p. 458, fig. 294.) 

In most of the specimens from continental India which I have 
examined since previously enumerating this species, the central 
dark annulation to the posterior tibiae is absent. 



Genus CAMPTOBROCHIS. (Vol. II, p. 460.) 

3039. Camptobrochis exornatus, Dist. A.M.N. H. (8) iv, p. 516 
(1909). 

Head pale greenish-ochraceous ; eyes and first and second joints 
of antennae black (third and fourth joints of antennae mutilated in 
typical specimen); pronotuin pale greenish-ochraceous, two small 
spots behind the anterior callosities, a larger spot at each posterior 
angle, and two subbasal transverse linear streaks black ; corium 
pale greenish-ochraceous, an obscure macular patch on clavue, two 
small longitudinal linear, and a transverse linear spot at apex of 
corium, black; cuneus very pale greenish-ochraceous, the inner 
and outer lateral margins and apical point black ; membrane pale 
fuscous hyaline, with darker mottlings and the basal area black 
by reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; body beneath and legs 
pale greenish-ochraceous, femora with two black linear annulations 
near apex ; rostrum with the apex black and reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae ; apices of the tarsi black ; antennae with the basal 
joint almost as long as head, second joint about twice as long as 
first ; pronotum (excepting the anterior transverse callosity) 
somewhat coarsely punctate ; clavus coarsely, corium less coarsely 
punctate, costal margin impunctate ; membrane longly passing the 
abdominal apex. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hob. Mussoorie, 



CAMPTOBBOCHIS. 261 



3040. Camptobrochis signatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) xiii, p. 274 
(1904). 

Ochraceous ; apex of second joint of antennae, eyes, a broad 
central longitudinal fascia to scutellum (sometimes subobsolete), 
and a broad fascia at incisural margins of clavus, black ; first, 
third, and fourth joints of antennae, inner apical area of corium, 
apical margin to cuneus, central and subapical annulations to 
posterior femora, apices of tarsi, lateral areas of sternum (some- 
times obsolete) and lateral and central areas of abdomen, fuscous ; 
membrane pale brownish ochraceous, hyaline, margins of cells 
fuscous ; first joint of antennae very slightly thickened and almost 
as long as head, second joint subequal in length to posterior tibiae ; 
pronotum somewhat coarsely punctate, the anterior transverse 
callosity impunctate; clavus and corium more finely punctate, the 
costal areas of corium impunctate. 

Length 4^ millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. Ceylon ; Peradeniya and Maskeliya (Green). 
North Queensland ; Townsville (Dodd, Brit. Mus.). 

This is evidently a very widely distributed species ; I originally 
described it from Queensland. 



3041. Camptobrochis qualis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 517 (1909). 

Head and pronotum ochraceous, head suffused with sanguineous ; 
eyes black; antennae with the first and second joints ochraceous, 
extreme apex of second and the whole of third and fourth joints 
piceous ; pronotum with two transverse callosities near anterior 
margin and a subbasal linear margin sanguineous ; rostrum 
ochraceous ; corium ochraceous, the clavus and apical area of 
corium sanguineous ; cuneus sanguineous, its basal margin pale 
ochraceous ; membrane hyaline, the cellular margins a little 
darker ; body beneath, rostrum, and legs ochraceous ; mesosternum 
and apical areas of femora (more or less) sanguineous ; abdomen 
with a sublateral series of small black spots, in a second specimen 
these are only faintly visible ; antennae with the first joint a 
little shorter than head, second nearly twice as long as first ; pro- 
iiotum coarsely punctate and slightly wrinkled, anteriorly deflected; 
clavus thickly punctate, corium punctate, the outer area almost 
impunctate ; membrane longly passing the abdominal apex ; 
rostrum with its apex black and just passing the intermediate 
coxae. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hob. Simla Hills ; Theog, 8000 ft. (Annandak). 



262 APPENDIX. 

Genus PACORUS. 
Pacorus, Did. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 517 (1909). 

Type, P. politus, Disfc. 

Distribution. North India. 

Allied to Camptolrochis, but with the first joint of the antennae 
considerably longer than the head, second joint about twice as long 
as first and distinctly setose ; prouotum twice as broad at base as 
long and three times as broad as anterior margin ; scutellum 
broad, the basal margin much longer than the lateral margins ; 
corium very broad, excluding cuneus about as long as posterior 
tibiae ; cuneus with its posterior margin nearly twice as long as 
its lateral margin ; posterior tarsi with the first and second joints 
subequal in length. 

3042. Pacorus politus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 517 (1909). 

Head and pronotum ochraceous, the latter somewhat discoloured 
on disk and with its posterior margin distinctly paler; eyes 
piceous ; antennae with the first joint black, the second ochraceous 
with its apex black (remaining joints mutilated in typical speci- 
men) ; scutellum stramineous, with a broad, central, longitudinal 




Fig. 140. Pacorus politus. 

black fascia ; corium black, base of costal margin dull ochraceous ; 
cuneus pale stramineous, its inner angular area and apex piceous ; 
membrane hyaline, slightly fuliginous, cellular margins and basal 
area (reflecting the dark abdomen beneath) blackish ; sternum and 
abdomen beneath black ; head beneath, rostrum, anterior and 
lateral margins of prosternum, and the legs ochraceous ; posterior 
femora black, tibiae bianuulated with fuscous near base ; head 



LIOCOBIJDEA. 263 

longer than broad ; basal joint of antennae considerably longer than 
head, second joint about twice as long as first and finely setose ; 
pronotum coarsely punctate, with a transverse anterior callosity ; 
clavus and corium thickly finely punctate ; rostrum reaching the 
posterior coxae. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Kurseoug. 



Genus LIOCORIDEA to replace Gismunda (Vol. II, p. 463). 

Liocoridia, Rent. Ofv. Finska Vet-Soc. Fork. xlv, no. 16, p. 13 

(1903). 
Liocoridea, Rent. Ann. Mm. Petersb. x, p. 51 (1906). 

I gladly accede to Eeuter's claim for priority. Though the 
paper in which his genus was described is attributed to 1903, 
it was only reported in the ' Zoological Record ' as published in 
1904, the year in which I described Gismunda, and I had not seen 
it at the time I described the genus and species. 

LIOCORIDEA MUTABILIS, Reut. Ofv. Finska Vet.-Soc. Forh. xlv, 

no. 16, p. 14, pi. ii, f. 4 (1903). 
Gismunda chelonia, Dist. vol. ii, p. 463, fig. 297 (1904). 

Add : Hal. Thibet ; Mou-Pin (David, Mus. Paris}. 
The remarks as to date of publication of the genus (supra) apply 
also to the species involved. 



3043. Liocoridea modesta, Dist. (Gismunda) A. M. N. H. (8) iv, 
p. 518 (1909). 

Brownish ochraceous ; antennae with the basal joint brownish- 
ochraceous, second joint ochraceous, with its apical half black and 
moderately thickened, third joint brownish, its base ochraceous ; 
head strongly deflected in front o f eyes ; antennas with the first 
joint about as long as head, second a little more than twice as 
long as first, its apical half distinctly incrassate and pilose ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxae*; pronotum short, trans- 
verse, strongly deflected, moderately coarsely punctate ; scutellum 
slightly tumid ; corium shortly but not prominently pilose, and 
thickly, finely punctate on about interior half ; clavus thickly, 
coarsely punctate ; cuneus broader than long, its apex subacute ; 
membrane pale fuliginous, with darker mottlings, the cellular areas 



* In the description of Gismunda for " rostrum about reaching the inter- 
mediate eoxee " read " posterior coxae." 



264 APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 

pale fuscous, longly passing the abdominal apex ; tibiae finely 
spinulose. 

Length 5 inillim. 

Hob. Darjiling, 6000 ft. 

To be separated from L. mutabilis by its unicolorous hue, much 
less pilose corium, less tumid scutellum, &c. 



Division PILOPHOXARIA. 
Pilophoraria, Rent. Hem. Gymn. Europ. iii, p. 5G(i (1883). 

Genus ZARATUS. 
Zaratus, Dist. Entomologist, 1909, p. 59. . 

Type, Z. repandus, Dist. 

Distribution. Nilgiri Hills. 

Head subtriangular, obliquely deflected in front of eyes, 
obscurely centrally longitudinally sulcate on disk ; eyes of moderate 
size but a little projecting beyond the anterior margin of the pro- 
notum ; antennae with the first joint nearly as long as head, second 
joint more than twice as long as first, third longer than first, 
fourth mutilated ; rostrum not quite reaching the intermediate 
coxae, first joint about reaching base of head ; pronotum elongate, 
but a little broader at base than long, transversely constricted a 
little before anterior margin, posteriorly convexly tumid, anterior 
and posterior margins truncate, the lateral margins narrowing to 
apex, angularly sinuate at the transverse constriction, thence 
straight to anterior margin ; scutellum small, subtriangular ; 
clavus long, almost reaching to base of cuneus ; corium with the 
lateral margins strongly concavely sinuate, broadly widened at the 
cuneal area ; membrane slightly passing the abdominal apex ; 
abdomen broad, globose, constricted at base; legs of moderate 
length, the posterior tibiae moderately curved and thickened (the 
posterior tarsi mutilated). 



3044. Zaratus repandus, Dist. Entomologist, 1909, p. 59. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale cinnamon-brown ; scutellum 
with an obscure pale concave line and a small basal spot ; corium 
pale cinnamon-brown, an oblique basal spot on each side, which 
are almost connected with a transverse spot beyond apex of scu- 
tellum, and a transverse concave fascia on each side before cuneus 
whitish, the cuneal suture more obscurely whitish ; membrane 
black, with an obscure pale transverse fascia near base ; legs pale 



THA.UMATUHGUS. 



ciuuamou-brovvn ; apices of femora and about apical thirds of 
tibiae and the tarsi pale stramineous, apices of tarsi black (pos- 
terior tarsi mutilated) ; antennae pale ochraceous, third joint, 




Fig. 141. Zaratus repandus. 

excluding base, black ; body beneath imperfectly seen in carded 
specimens. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hal. Nilgiri Hills; Banvood Estate (H. Leslie Andrewes\ 



Genus THAUMATURGUS. 
Thaumaturgus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 518 (1909). 

Type, T. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. India and Ceylon. 

Head strongly, almost perpendicularly deflected, subtriaugular, 
the lateral margins a little sinuate, the apex obtusely angulate ; 
eyes moderately projecting beyond and slightly behind the anterior 
margins of the pronotum ; antennae with the first joint con- 
siderably shorter than head, second joint about three times as long 
as first, its apical area distinctly thickened, third and fourth joints 
subequal in length and together shorter than second ; rostrum not 
quite reaching the intermediate coxao ; pronotum subquadrate, 
broader than long, the lateral margins moderately oblique, the 
anterior margin about one- fourth narrower than the posterior 
margin; scutellum subtriangular, centrally, longitudinally, ir- 
regularly gibbous ; corium thickly, shortly pilose, with cuneus a 
little longer than the posterior tibiae, the lateral margins concavely 
sinuate, distinctly broadened at apex ; cuneus short and broad ; 
membrane passing the abdominal apex ; legs somewhat long and 
slender, the femora moderately thickened, the posterior tibiae 
straight. 

Allied to Pilophorus, Halm. 



266 APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 

3045. Thaumaturgus typicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 519 
(1909). 

Black ; third joint of antennae with the basal half pale stra- 
mineous ; clavus and the corium (excluding apical area) thickly, 
finely, palely pilose, a short, white, oblique, transverse line near 
middle of costal area and a continuous, curved, transverse, white 
line crossing corium and apex of clavus before the apical area of 




Fig. 142. Thaumaturgus typicus. 

corium ; membrane fuliginous, the basal area darker by reflecting 
the abdomen beneath ; body beneath black ; femora castaneous, 
tibiae fuscous, apex of anterior tibiae, apical half of intermediate 
tibiae, and base and apex of posterior tibiae pale ochraceous ; tarsi 
pale ochraceous, their apices black; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta (2nd. Mus.). Madhupur (Paiva). Ceylon ; 
Peradeniya (Green). 

On chrysanthemum (C. A. Paiva). 



Genus SILANUS. 
(Near Tyraquellus, Vol. II, p. 471.) 

Silanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 519 (1909). 

Type, S. prcefectus, Dist. 
Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head much longer than broad, anteriorly obtusely angularly 
produced before bases of antennae ; eyes adpressed, their posterior 



SILANUS. 267 

margins not quite reaching base of head ; antennae with the first 
joint (excluding base) a little thickened, shorter than head, second 
about twice as long as first, third and fourth joints short, together 
about as long as first ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pro- 
notum broader than long, the anterior margin scarcely half as broad 
as the posterior margin, which is truucately sinuate, exposing the 
mesonotum, the anterior margin carinate, transversely impressed 
before middle, the lateral margins concavely sinuate ; scutellum 
triangular, moderately tumid ; corium (including cuneus) as long 
as posterior tibiae, cuneus small, broader than long ; membrane 
passing the abdominal apex and with a basal, posteriorly truncate 
cell ; legs somewhat long, posterior femora a little curved at base, 
all the femora distinctly but moderately thickened ; posterior tarsi 
with the first joint shorter than the second. 

In this enumeration of the Capsidae of British India the genus 
is placed near Tyraquellus, Dist. 



3046. Silanus praefectus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 520 (1909). 

Head, antennae, thorax, and scutellum black ; corium brownish 
ochraceous, a small marginal spot at base and a larger marginal 
spot before cuueus ochraceous ; clavus darker and more fuscous in 




Fig. 143. Silanus prcejectus. 

hue ; cuneus brownish ochraceous, outwardly castaueous ; mem- 
brane fuliginous ; head beneath and sternum black ; abdomen 
beneath piceous ; femora black, apices of posterior femora 



268 APPENDIX. CAPSIDjE. 

ochraceous ; rostrum, tibiae, and tarsi brownish ochraceous, apex 
of rostrum black ; head granulose, with a pale, central, longitudinal 
spot at base ; pronotuin punctate and shortly, palely pilose ; clavus 
and corium thickly, palely pilose ; other structural characters as 
in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green}. 

Genus NICOSTRATUS. (Vol. II, p. 475.) 
3047. Nicostratus princeps, Dist. Entomologist, 1909, p. 60. 

Brownish ochraceous ; a transverse white fascia crossing corium 
and clavus at apex of scutellum ; membrane piceoua ; head very 
large and globose, almost circular, about as long as broad, with a 
transverse rounded incised line between the eyes ; antennae pale 
ochraceous, apices of second and third joints, and the apical 
joint excluding base, black, second joint subequal in length to 
third and fourth together ; pronotum strongly transversely con- 
stricted before middle, the anterior area or lobe narrow and 




Fig. 144. Nicostratus princeps. 

armed with two strong diverging spines, the posterior area or 
lobe globosely tumid, deflected anteriorly, the lateral angles sub- 
prominent, the posterior margin very slightly concavely sinuate ; 
scutellum developed into a strong upright semi-acute spine ; 
corium with the lateral margins concavely sinuate, widened and 
tumid at apices ; membrane considerably passing the abdominal 
apex ; legs almost uniformly brownish ochraceous. 

Length, 5 millira. 

Hob. Nilgiri Hills ; Barwood Estate (H. Leslie Andrevues). 

Strongly differing from N. balteatus, Dist., by the much larger 
and more strongly developed head, different colour, more acute 
spine to scutellum, &c. 



ABIB ALDUS. 269 

3048. Nicostratus diversus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 520 (1909). 

Head and prouotum fuscous brown, eyes black ; antenna? black, 
basal joint brownish ochraceous, bases of third and fourth joints 
stramineous ; scutellum piceous, with the lateral margins strami- 
neous ; corium black, clavus and corium crossed by a transverse 
white fascia near apex of scutellum ; cuneus black, membrane 
dark piceous ; head beneath, sternum and legs brownish ochraceous, 
intermediate and posterior coxae and bases of femora whitish, 
apices of tibia? and the tarsi pale ochraceous, apices of tarsi black ; 
abdomen beneath black, with the base and a central longitudinal 
line ochraceous ; antenna? somewhat stout, basal joint shorter than 
head, second about three times as long as first, third longer than 
fourth, third and fourth together almost as long as second ; 
rostrum passing the anterior coxa? ; pronotum globosely tumid, 
deflected anteriorly, where it is strongly constricted and behind a 
narrow anterior collar armed with two strong divergent spines ; 
scutellum developed in a strong robust upright tuberculous spine ; 
cuneus posteriorly deflected ; membrane considerably passing the 
abdominal apex. 

Length 4 millim. 

Halt. Orissa. 



Genus ABIBALUS. 
Abibalus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 521 (1909). 

Type, A. regulus, Dist. 

Distribution. North India. 

Head longer than broad, globose, anteriorly broadly convex ; 
eyes a little exserted, nearer to anterior margin than to base, 
behind eyes moderately obliquely attenuated; antenna? with the first 
joint slightly longer than head, second more than twice as long as 
first, third joint about two-thirds the length of second and a third 
longer than fourth ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxa? ; prono- 
tum longer than broad, anterior margin about half the breadth of 
posterior margin, posterior margin concave, exposing the rneso- 
notum, lateral margins concavely oblique ; scutellum small, 
subtriangular ; corium including cuneus very slightly longer than 
posterior tibia?, excluding cuneus nearly three times longer than 
broad ; cuneus elongate, much longer than broad ; membrane 
large, about as long as coriurn without the cuneus, a somewhat 
long cell on basal area; legs finely spinulose, all the tibia? subequal 
in length ; posterior tarsi with the basal joint longest. 

3049. Abibalus regulus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 521 (1909). 

Head, pronotuoi, and scutellum black ; anterior margin of 
pronotum and a lateral fascia on each side of scutellum pale 



270 



APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 



ochraceous ; coriutn brownish-ochraceous, a large spot near bflse, 
an elongate costal spot before cuneus, and some smaller irregular 




Fig. 145. Abibalus regulus. 

spots near membranal margin, greyish-white ; clavus darker, with 
the margins greyish-white ; membrane pale fuliginous, the cellular 
margins darker ; body beneath black ; legs and rostrum pale 
ochraceous ; apical areas of the femora brownish ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Kurseong. 



Genus ZONODORUS. (After Zanchius, Vol. II, p. 477.) 
Zonodorus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 522 (1909). 

Type, Z. gubernator, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head short, broad, convex, not horizontally produced in front 
of eyes, which are placed somewhat midway between base and 
apex and thus longly removed from the anterior margin of the 
pronotum, between the eyes obscurely longitudinally sulcate; 
antennae with the first joint moderately thickened and about 
as long as head, second joint about four times as long as 
first and a little longer than third, fourth scarcely shorter than 



ZONODOBTTS. 271 

third ; rostrum about reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum 
much broader than long, narrowed to head, the lateral margins 
oblique, distinctly transversely impressed a little before middle, 
the posterior margin concave and exposing the base of the meso- 
notuin; scutellum subtriauguiar, a little convex; corium (excluding 
cuneus) considerably shorter than posterior tibiae ; membrane 
longly passing abdominal apex, with an elongate posteriorly 
truncate cell ; legs somewhat long and slender, the posterior 
femora distinctly thickened, the posterior tibiae as long as corium 
and cuneus together, posterior tarsi with the basal joint longest. 

In this enumeration of the Indian Capsidae I place the genus 
near Zanchius, Dist., to which it is closely allied, but separated 
by the structure of the head. 



3050. Zonodorus gubernator, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 523 
(1909). 

Head, antennae, pro- and rnesonota, scutellum, body beneath, 
rostrum, and legs stramineous or very pale ochraceous ; base of 
first joint of antennae and the basal areas of the femora greyish- 
white ; clavus, corium, and cuneus greyish -white, sub hyaline, 




Fig. 146. Zonodorus gubernator. 

macularly mottled with pale virescent, the costal area of corium 
(excluding base) and extreme apex pale ochraceous, the margins of 
clavus adjoining scutellum also pale ochraceous ; membrane very 
pale brownish-ochraceous, the basal area mottled with pale 



272 APPENDIX. Ci.PSID.ffi. 

virescent and the membranal cells posteriorly margined with the 
same colour ; the upper surface is distinctly, finely, palely pilose ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



Genus ANTIPHILUS. 

Antiphilus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 521 (1909). 

Type, A. amicus, Dist. 

Distribution. North India. 

Elongate ; head about as broad as long, anteriorly deflected ; 
eyes straightly transverse, distinctly removed from base of head ; 
rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; antennae pilose, first joint a 
little longer than head and moderately thickened, second a little 
more thau twice as long as first, third twice as long as fourth, 
third and fourth together about as long as second ; pronotum 
about twice as broad as long, basal margin twice as broad as 




Fig. 147. Antiphiliis amicus. 



anterior margin, distinctly transversely impressed before middle, 
and in front of this impression moderately transversely bi-callose. 
the lateral margins obliquely sinuate, the posterior angles obtuse : 
scutellum broadly subtriangular ; corium (excluding cuneus) 
almost as long as posterior tibife, about two and a half times as 
long as broad at greatest width ; cuneus much longer than broad 
at base, angularly narrowed at apex ; membrane large, its greatest 



AZIZUS. 273 

length equal to that of corium without the cuneus, and with two 
elongate cellular areas not passing apex of cuneus ; legs of mode- 
rate length, femora distinctly but not prominently thickened, 
tibiae spinulose, posterior tarsi with the basal joint much shorter 
than the second. 

A genus of Cyllocoraria. 



3051. Antiphilus arnicas, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 522 (1909). 

Head, antennae, pronotum, scutellum, and clavus black ; corium 
flavous, shortly, darkly, sparsely pilose and with a small black spot 
near apical angle, cuneus flavous, apically (broadly) and marginally 
(narrowly) blackish ; membrane pale shining fuliginous with 
iridescent reflections, the cellular margins black ; body beneath 
black ; rostrum and legs pale ochraceous, apices of tarsi (especially 
anterior tarsi) blackish ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 4| to 5 millim. 

Hab. Darjiling, (5000 ft. (Ind. Mus.}; Kurseong, East Himalaya, 
Ukhral, Manipur (Ind. 



Genus AZIZUS. 
Azizus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 10 (1910). 

Type, A. basilicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Head deflected in front of eyes, longer than broad ; eyes large 
and globose, prominently projecting beyond the anterior margins 
of the pronotum ; antennae somewhat long and robust, first joint 
stoutest, a little longer than head, slightly curved, second joint 
nearly three times as long as first, third about two-thirds the 
length of second and nearly twice as long as fourth ; rostrum 
passing the posterior coxae ; pronotum nearly twice as broad at 
base as long and nearly three times as broad as anterior margin, 
the basal margin concave, transversely constricted near anterior 
margin, the anterior area with a small tubercle on each lateral 
margin, the lateral margins oblique, the disk strongly deflected 
anteriorly ; scutellum large, broad at base, moderately deflected 
posteriorly ; corium about three times as long as broad, its apical 
margins subtruucate, the lateral margins nearly straight ; cuneus 
longer than broad ; membrane considerably passing abdominal 
apex, with an elongate, oblong, posteriorly truncate cell before 
cuneus and a very small cell at base ; anterior and intermediate 
legs of moderate size, the tibiae spinulose (posterior legs mutilated 
in typical specimen). 

This genus I include in the division Teratodellaria as used in 
this Indian enumeration. 

TOL. V. T 



274 APPENDII. CAP8IDJE. 

3052. Azizus basilicus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 11 (1910). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellun black, very finely and obscurely 
palely pilose; antennae with the first and fourth joints castaneous, 
the second and third joints ochraceous ; clavus and corium dull 
castaneous brown, distinctly, thickly, finely palely pilose, the 
extreme costal margin of the latter ochraceous ; cuneus pale bright 




S 
Fig. 148. Azizus basilicns. 

castaneous, pilose as on corium ; membrane fuscous, with iridescent 
reflections ; body beneath fuscous brown ; anterior and inter- 
mediate femora castaneous, tibiae and tarsi pale ochraceous, coxae 
and acetabula more or less testaceous (posterior legs mutilated in 
typical specimen) ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hal. Bengal ; Pusa (Lefrmj). 

Mr. Maxwell-Lefroy sent me a single example of this species. 



Genus SEREBJEUS. 
Serebajus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 11 (1910). 

Type, /S. discriminatus, Dist. 
Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head globose, longer than broad, apically acuminate, anteriorly 
deflected ; eyes small, moderately adpressed, their posterior 



SEREBjEUS. 275 

margins reaching base of head ; antennae slender, first 'joint 
distinctly thickened and inwardly finely spinulose, second about 
three times as long as first and subequal in length to third, fourth 
about half as long as third ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; 
pronotum at base twice as broad as long and nearly three times as 
broad as anterior margin, posterior margin concave, exposing the 
mesonotum, lateral margins sinuately oblique, a short distinct 
anterior collar, behind which it is obscurely transversely impressed ; 
scutellum small, tumid, transversely impressed ; corium (including 
cuneus) as long as posterior tibiae ; cuneus a little longer than 
broad, the apex subacute ; membrane considerably passing the 
abdominal apex ; legs somewhat slender, the femora moderately 
thickened, the posterior tibiae spinulose, posterior tarsi with the 
first joint a little longer than second. 

In this Indian enumeration the genus has affinity with 
Tyraquellus (vol. ii, p. 471). 



3053. Serebseus discriminatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 12 

(1910). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum castaneous brown, eyes dull 
sanguineous; antennae pale ochraceous, the basal joint castaneous ; 
corium pale greyish, subhyaline, base of clavus and a transverse 




Fig. 149. Serebceus discriminatus. 

broad fascia crossing corium and apex of clavus fuscous brown ; 
cuneus bright, pale castaneous ; membrane pale fuliginous with 
iridescent reflections; body beneath sanguineous, legs and rostrum 
stramineous, spinules to the posterior tibiae fuscous ; first joint of 

T2 



276 APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 

antennae longly spiuulose interiorly ; lateral pronotal margins 
with a few long hairs ; scutelluin and corium distinctly palely 
pilose ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya ( Green). 

Genus FULVIDIUS. 
(To follow Serebceus, ante, p. 274.) 

Fulvidius, Popp. Act. Soc. Sclent. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 4, p. 20 (1909).* 

Type, F. punctatus, Popp. 

Distribution. Burma. 

" Body rather elongated, on the sides a little rounded, faintly 
shining, the heinelytra, excepting the membrane, dull ; above with 
very short semi-erect hairs, rather strongly punctured ; head 
broad, broadly pointedly produced, somewhat vertical, seen from 
the sides with the convex neck-shield evenly arched, about as long 
as the base with the eyes broad, the " Ziigel " narrow, above and 
beneath sharply margined ; eyes large, not extending to the 
throat ; antennae inserted just before the eyes, first joint with 
short adpressed hairs, the second clothed with short erect hairs 
(remaining joints mutilated in type), first joint somewhat 
produced, very little thickened, extending beyond apex of head, 
the second half thinner and twice as long ; first joint of rostrum 
indistinctly longer than the head ; the front very finely and rather 
wrinkly punctured ; clypeus strongly shining, smooth, the pro- 
notum thickly punctured, the callosities more finely and sparsely, 
apical structure not developed ; the callosities very slightly convex, 
extending backward rather beyond the middle of the disk, separated 
from each other by a small longitudinal furrow, the hinder angles 
rounded, not projecting, basal margin nearly straightly truncated, 
the sides shallowy sinuous and for the whole length sharply 
margined ; scutelluin rather convex, behind base somewhat flatly 
impressed, thickly punctate ; hemelytrain 5 longer than abdomen, 
clavus thickly, corium sparsely punctate, cuneus indistinctly 
defined ; membrane with two cells ; hind wings with a rudi- 
mentary cell-hook ; legs with finely adpressed hairs, without 
spines, tibiae narrow, first joint of tarsi long." (Poppius.) 

3054. Fulvidius punctatus, Popp. Act. Soc. Scient. Fenn. xxxvii, 
no. 4, p. 20, fig. 6 (1910). 

" Blackish-brown, on middle of pronotum a short narrow longi- 
tudinal streak and another broader on each side inside the hinder 
angles, the latter and the side margin, sides of scutellum (very 
narrowly), the claval suture broadly (base excepted), outer margin 
of clavus (narrowly), corium with inner basal half backward to the 

* This publication is dated 1909, hut it only reached my bauds, through the 
courtesy of Dr. Poppius, in May 1910. 



THAUMASTOMIBIS. 277 

middle interrupted by the inground black spots, two longitudinal 
dashes on basal outer half, the whole apical margin to the interior 
base of cuneus and a short longitudinal streak going out from here 
as well as apical half of cuneus and protopleura beneath, narrowly 




Fig. IdQ.Fulvidius punctatus. 

yellow ; membrane fuliginous, inside the tip of cuneus pale ; 
antennae yellowish-brown, second joint at apex rather darker; 
rostrum and legs brown ; apical halves of femora and apices of 
tibiae yellow ; head about one-third shorter than pronotum with 
the eyes scarcely narrower than front margin of same ; front only 
a little broader than diameter of eye, in middle very shallowly 
furrowed ; first joint of antennae about one-fourth shorter than 
breadth of front with eyes, second joint one-fourth shorter than 
basal margin of pronotum.'-' (Poppius.} 

" Length 4-5, lat. 2 millim." 

Hob. Burma ; Kareuni (Fea),fide Poppius. 

I have not seen this species which is stated to be founded on a 
female specimen. I have reproduced the description and figure 
of Poppius, between which there appear to be some slight dis- 
crepancies. 



Genus THAUMASTOMIRIS. (Vol. II, p. 473.) 

3055. Thaumastomiris piceatus, sp. n. 

Sanguineous ; antennas, eyes, clavus (excluding base) and inner 
area of corium (excluding base) piceous or black; membrane 
fuliginous with the veins darker ; head vertically depressed in 
front of eyes, strongly transversely impressed between the eyes ; 
pronotum with a distinct anterior collar and behind which the 
transverse callosities are prominent and medially well separated, 
the posterior disk very finely granulate ; corium very finely and 
indistinctly granulate and obscurely shortly pilose, the costal 



278 APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 

margin prominent and reflexed; membrane in some lights with 
prismatic reflections ; tarsi fuscous, the base paler. 

Length 4| to 5 millim. 

Hob. Bengal; Ganges Delta, Sorabkatti (Jenkins), Khulna 
distr., Gurhalee and Shela F. S. (Jenkins), E. Hooghly, Fultah 
(Jenkins, Ind. Mus. $ Coll. Dist.). 

Mr. J. T. Jenkins took many of these specimens " at light." 



Genus DIOCLERTJS. 
Dioclerus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 12 (1910). 

Type, D. prcefectus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head strongly deflected anteriorly, viewed from above short 
and broad ; eyes prominent, oblique, considerably extending beyond 
the anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae with the first joint 
a little longer than pronotum, slightly thickened near base, second 
joint twice as long as first, third a little more than half the length 




Fig. 151. Dioclerus prcefectus. 

of second ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum thickly 
punctate, at base about one-third broader than long, and three 
times broader than anterior margin, a distinct narrow anterior 
collar, behind which it is transversely impressed, and on the 
anterior area centrally longitudinally sulcate, basal and anterior 
margins truncate, the lateral margins oblique ; scutellum small, 
broadly subtriangular, finely obscurely pilose ; corium (including 
cuneus) subequal in length to posterior tibiae, excluding costal area 



DOKTUS. 279 

and including clavus distinctly thickly punctate and subpilose, the 
costal margin moderately convex, narrowing to apex, cuneus 
slender, longer than broad, pilose ; membrane almost as long as 
corium (excluding cuneus), and with a longitudinal posteriorly 
curved cell on basal area ; legs of moderate length, setose. 

In this Indian enumeration the genus may be placed between 
Cyrtorrhinus and Zanchius (vol. ii, pp. 476 & 477). 

3056. Dioclerus praefectus, List. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 13 (1910). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, clavus, and body beneath golden- 
yellow ; corium, cuneus, membrane, and legs pale stramineous ; 
eyes and an apical spot to abdomen black ; antennae fuscous-brown, 
the basal joint obscure stramineous ; apices of femora slightly 
infuscate, tarsal claws black ; corium with a small dark spot on each 
side of claval apex, the costal area impuuctate and thus appearing 
paler in hue ; other characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green}. 



Genus DORTUS. 

(Near CyrtorrMnus, Vol. II, p. 476.) 
Dortus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 13 (1910). 

Type, D. primarius, Dist. 

Distribution. Tenasserim. 

Head longer than broad between eyes, but very strongly deflected 
in front of eyes, which are large and prominent and extend beyond 
the anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae longly pilose, first 
joint about as long as head, scarcely thickened, second more than 
twice as long as first, third and fourth together shorter than 
second ; rostrum passing the intermediate coxae ; pronotum at 
base much broader but not twice as broad as long, but more than 
twice broader than anterior margin, a very narrow anterior collar, 
transversely impressed before anterior margin, and thus enclosing 
two transverse callosities, with the exception of which the surface 
is thickly punctate, lateral margins sinuately oblique, lateral 
posterior margins oblique, truncate before scutellnm ; scutellum 
moderately tumid, subtriangular ; corium (excluding cuneus) about 
as long as posterior tibiae ; clavus and corium (excepting costal 
area) thickly punctate, cuneus nearly as broad at base as long, and 
longly pilose ; membrane considerably passing the abdominal apex, 
its greatest length equal to that of corium (excluding cuneus) ; 
legs of moderate length, strongly setose, femora only moderately 
thickened, the posterior femora slightly more so. 



280 APPENDIX. CAPSID JE. 

3057. Dortus primarius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 13 (]910). 

Head pale brownish ochraceous, centrally longitudinally darker 
in hue, eyes black ; antennae ochraceous, pilose, apex of the second 
joint black, third and fourth joints fuliginous, base of third 
ochraceous ; pronotum pale brownish ochraceous, thickly punc- 
tate, the lateral margins somewhat broadly piceous, the transverse 
anterior callosities smooth ; scutellum pale brownish ochraceous, 
with a central longitudinal piceous fascia and faintly transversely 




Fig. 152. Dortus primarius. 

wrinkled ; clavus and pronotum pale brownish ochraceous, thicklv, 
more darkly punctate, the costal area paler and impunctate, 
cuneous ochraceous, the apical area piceous, somewhat longly 
pilose ; membrane pale fuliginous ; body beneath and legs ochra- 
ceous, lateral margins of sternum and abdomen and apical area 
of abdomen broadly piceous ; other characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hob. Tenasserim ; Myitta (Doherty). 



Genus GALLOBELICUS. (Vol. II, p. 477.) 

GrALLOBELICUS CKASSICOKN1S. (Vol. II, p. 478.) 

Add: Hal. Bengal; Pusa (Lefroy). Calcutta. Nepal. Ceylon; 
Peradeniya (Green). 



80HENUS. 281 

Genus ARMACHANUS. (Vol. II, p. 478.) 
3058. Armachanus nilgiriensis, Dist. Entomologist, 1909, p. 60. 

Pale brownish ochraceous, a transverse linear white fascia cross- 
ing clavus near apex of scutellum, and an oblique similar fascia 
near middle of cormm ; before the latter the lateral area is also 
more or less greyish white ; cuneus with a prominent black basal 
spot; membrane very pale fuliginous; body beneath and legs 
unicolorous. Somewhat closely allied to A. monoceros, Dist., but 
a more slender and attenuated species, the posterior pronotal 
area shorter, the anterior area longer, narrower, and moderately 
narrowed at base, thus bringing the two areas or lobes into more 




Fig. 153. Armachanus nilgiriensis. 

divisional character and into greater contrast ; the head is more 
elongate, and has a median longitudinal darker line ; the scutellum, 
clavus, and central area of corium are not darker in hue as in 
A. monoceros, but concolorous with the general pale brownish 
ochraceous coloration. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills ; Barwood Estate (H. Leslie Andretves). 



Genus SOHENUS. (After Armachanus, Vol. II, p. 478.) 
Sohenus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 14 (1910). 

Type, S. proditus, Dist. 
Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head considerably longer than broad, tumid, eyes somewhat 
small and adpressed and placed about midway between base and 



282 APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 

apex, the apical area strongly deflected in front of eyes, the basal 
area moderately attenuated from eyes to posterior margin; 
antennae rather long, first joint shorter than head, second three 
times as long as first, third almost as long as second and half as 
long again as fourth ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; 
pronotum much broader at base than long and more than twice 
broader than anterior margin, three transverse impressions before 
anterior margin, the basal area gibbous and deflected to the first 
transverse impression, and the lateral margins to that impression 
a little convexley oblique, remaining lateral margins to apex dis- 
tinctly dislocated at the remaining impressions, posterior margin 
angularly concave ; scutellum about as long as broad at base, 
strongly deflected posteriorly and transversely impressed near 
middle, the lateral margins moderately concavely sinuate ; corium 
(including cuneus) as long as head, pronotum, and scutellum 
together, the costal margin strongly concavely sinuate, apex of 
clavus almost reaching base of cuneus, which is a little broader 
than long ; membrane about half the length of coriuin (including 
cuneus) ; legs long, posterior tibiae about as long as heinelytra, 
posterior tarsi with the first joint a little longest. 

Allied to Armachanus, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 478), but with the head 
longer and with no special spinous protuberance, &c. 

3059. Sohenus proditus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 14 (1910). 
Pale cinnamomeous ; eyes black ; corium with a somewhat 




Fig. 154. Sohenus proditus. 
oblique white fascia crossing it and greater part of clavus a little 



BADEZOEUS. 283 

beyond middle, apical inner area of corium somewhat iufuscate, 
membraiie fuliginous ; antennae with the first, second, and fourth 
joints pale fuscous brown, third joint pale ochraceous ; scutellum 
darker and a little more castaneous in hue ; head, pronotum, and 
scutellum very finely obscurely punctate ; head beneath, rostrum, 
sternum, and legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath (excepting base) 
piceous ; other characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 5| millim. 

Jfab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 



Division CAMPTOTTLAR1A. 
(To precede the LABOPAEIA, Vol. II, p. 479.) 
Camptotylaria, Rent. Het. Gymn. Europ. iv, p. 7 (1891). 

Genus BADEZORUS. 
Badezorus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 15 (1910). 

Type, B. tyrianus, Dist.. 

Distribution. N. India. 

Head robust, subtriangular, about as long as broad, centrally 
moderately arched, obscurely transversely striate; antennae with 
the first joint moderately thickened, shorter than head, second joint 
three times as long as first, third and fourth joints subequal in length 
and together little more than the length of second ; rostrum not 
quite reaching the intermediate coxae; pronotum at base about 
twice as long as broad and less than twice as broad as anterior 
margin, moderately deflected anteriorly, the lateral margins 
oblique, the posterior angles obtusely rounded ; scutellum broad, 
subtriangular ; corium (including cuneus) as long as posterior 
tibiae, cuneus broad, at base considerably broader than long; 
membrane passing abdominal apex, its greatest length almost 
equalling that of corium (excluding cuneus) ; legs of moderate 
length, longly spinulose, the posterior femora distinctly thickened, 
posterior tarsi with the first and second joints subequal in length. 

This genus seems to be clearly located in the division Campto- 
tylaria, Eeut. 

3060. Badezorus tyrianus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 15 (1910). 

Head dull greyish ; antennae obscure ochraceous, the first joint 
(more or less) and the base of the second joint piceous ; pro- 
notum and scutellum virescent, sparsely palely pilose; corium 
dull greyish, the clavus virescent, the costal area strongly palely 
pilose, cuneus dull greyish, darkly pilose, at the internal angle 
with a small black punctate spot; membrane dull greyish, with 



284 APPENDIX. CAPSID^;. 

pale fuscous rnottlings ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, 
posterior femora apically black, tibiae spotted with black, and from 




Fig. 155. Badesorus tytianUs. 

these spots on the posterior tibiae the spinules arise in pairs, all 
the spinules black, apices of tarsi black ; other characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 niillim. 

Hab. Punjab ; Lahore (Annandcde). 



Genus ACRATHEUS. 
Acratheus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 16 (1910). 

Type, A. noctwnus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Head about as long as broad, strongly depressed anteriorly, a 
little centrally foveately impressed between the eyes, which are 
of moderate size, reach the base of head, and obliquely slightly 
project beyond the anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae 
slender, first joint almost as long as head, second twice as long as 
first, third and fourth subequal in length, each a little shorter 
than second ; rostrum robust, reaching the intermediate coxae ; 
pronotum anteriorly deflected at a short distance from base, 
thickly strongly punctate, the lateral margins acute, at base twice 
as broad as long and about one and a half times as broad as 
anterior margin, anterior and posterior margins truncate, the 
lateral margins oblique, posterior lateral angles subprominent ; 
scutellum small, broad, subtriangular, a little longitudinally elevate 
and on lateral areas punctate ; corium (including cuneus) as long 
as posterior tibiae, including clavus thickly punctate, posteriorly 



ABISTOBULUS. 285 

widened and rounded, cuneus very much broader than long, 
interiorly transversely angulate, cuneal fracture profound ; mem- 
brane longly passing the abdominal apex, its greatest length 
almost equalling that of corium without cuneus ; legs of moderate 
length, not spinulose. 

To be placed in the division Laboparia and by the profound 
cuneal fracture near Bilia, Dist. (vol. ii, p. 480). 

3061. Acratheus nocturnus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 16 (1910). 

Head orange-yellow, eyes black ; antennae stramineous, apical 
joint infuscate ; pronotum, scutellum, and corium black : cuneus 
greyish white, with the basal marginal area black ; membrane pale 
fuscous, with a large greyish white spot on lateral margin ; head 




Fig. 156. Acratheus noctui-nus. 

beneath orange-yellow or pale reddish ; sternum and abdomen 
black ; legs and rostrum pale stramineous ; apices of tarsi black ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

^Hab. Bengal; Bhogaon, Purneah Distr. (Paiva\ Calcutta (Ind. 
Mus.}. Kumaon, Bhim Tal, 4500 ft. (Annandale). 

Genus ARISTOBULUS. 

Aristobulus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 16 (1910). 

Type, A.filius, Dist. 

Distribution. N. India. 

Head about as broad as long, strongly deflected in front of 
eyes, which are situate at base of head and project beyond the 
anterior margin of the pronotum ; antennae pilose, with the first 
joint a little shorter than head and with a few long hairs, second 
more than twice as long as first, gradually moderately thickened 
apical half, where it is also more strongly pilose, third twice 



on 



286 APPENDIX. CAPSIDjE. 

as long as fourth and together as long as second ; rostrum almost 
reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum at base about one and a 
half times as broad as long and about one-third longer than 
anterior margin, the lateral margins rather roundly oblique, the 
anterior area transversely bi-callose, the posterior area transversely 
striate ; scutellum triangular, transversely constricted near base ; 
corium covering about two-thirds of the abdomen, longitudinally 
ridged, apical and lateral margins a little rounded, cuneus and 
membrane undeveloped ; abdomen widened posteriorly, deflected 
on its apical area and pilose; legs of moderate length; tibiae 
pilose. 

Somewhat allied to the Palsearctic genus Euryopicoris, Eeut. 

3062. Aristobnlus films, Dint. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 17 (1910). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and corium shining piceous black ; 
abdomen above and body beneath shining jet-black ; legs pale 




Pig. Ibl.Aristobulus JUius. 

ochraceous ; body shortly, finely, greyish pilose ; structural cha- 
racters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hab. Darjiling, 6000 ft. 



Genus SAMPSIGERAMUS. 
Sampsigeramus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 17 (1910). 

Type, S.pilosuhis, Dist. 
Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head broader than long, anteriorly deflected; eyes small, 
situate at base of head, scarcely projecting beyond the anterior 



SAMPSIGERAMUS. 287 

margins of the pronotum ; antennae moderately slender, first joint 
shorter than head, second about three times as long as first, third 
shorter than second, but considerably longer than fourth ; rostrum 
distinctly passing the posterior coxae ; pronotum at base more 
than twice as broad as long and about half as broad again as 
anterior margin, deflected on anterior half, very obscurely trans- 
versely callose on anterior area, anterior and posterior margins 
truncate, lateral margins a little roundly oblique, the posterior 
angles obtusely rounded ; scutellum subtriangular ; corium (ex- 
cluding cuueus) about as long as posterior tibiae, including 
clavus twice as long as broad ; cuneus about as broad at base 
as outwardly long ; membrane considerably passing abdominal 
apex, its greatest length as long as intermediate tibiae; head, 
pronotum, scutellum, corium, and cuneus densely pilose ; 
legs spinulose, the tibiae more thickly and strongly so, the 
femora, especially the posterior, distinctly thickened; posterior 
tarsi with the basal joint longest. 

The position of this genus is near the Palaearctic Plagiotylus. 
Scott. 

3063. Sampsigerainus pilosulus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 18 
(1910). 

Head obscure dull ochraceous, thickly pilose ; antennae 
piceous black, the second joint centrally broadly annulated 
with dull ochraceous, eyes black ; pronotum thickly strongly 
pilose and darkly granulose, dull ochraceous, the disk more 
or less discoloured and darker in hue ; scutellum somewhat 




Fig. 158. Sampsifferamus pilosulus. 

palely piceous, thickly strongly pilose and darkly granulose; 
corium somewhat palely piceous, the costal area and cuneus 
pale ochraceous, strongly, thickly, darkly pilose ; membrane very 
pale fuliginous with paler mottlings, especially at the apices 
of the cells ; body beneath black, finely pilose ; legs ochraceous, 



288 



APPENDIX. CAPSID^E. 



aunulated with black, the posterior femora much more distinctly 
so than the anterior or intermediate femora, tibial spinules long, 
black, placed in pairs at the black annulations, apices of the tar i 
black ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Hakgala (Green). 

On Anaphalis oblonga, D. L. (E. E. Green). 

Genus RAGMUS. 
' Ragmus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 18 (1910). 

Type, It. importunitas, Dist. 

Distribution. India, Ceylon. 

Head as long as broad, deflected anteriorly, eyes globular, 
of moderate size, placed at base of head, scarcely projecting 
beyond the anterior margins of the pronotum; antennae with 
the first joint shorter than head, slightly thickened and with 
two spinules, second joint more than three times as long as 




Fig. 159. Itagmus importunitas. 

first and spinulose ; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; 
pronotum at base more than twice as broad as long and less 
than twice as broad as anterior margin ; posterior margin 
concave, exposing the mesonotum, two transverse callosities 
before anterior margin, the lateral margins oblique; scutellnm. 
subtriangular ; corium (including cuneus) only slightly longer 
than posterior tibiae ; cuneus as broad at base as outwardly 
long and distinctly longly sparsely pilose ; membrane considerably 
passing the abdominal apex ; legs of moderate length, anterior 
and intermediate femora slightly, posterior femora much more 
distinctly spinulose, tibiae distinctly, longly spinulose ; posterior 
tarsi with the basal joint longest. 



289 

3064. Eagmus importunitas, List. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 18 (1910). 

Pale ochraceous, probably more virescent in living specimens ; 
eyes and third and fourth joints of antennae pitchy black ; 
head with two transverse darker impressions in front of eyes 
and a more or less distinct central foveation near base ; cuneus 
distinctly, more or less darkly, sparsely pilose ; membrane 
hyaline ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, anterior and 
intermediate femora slightly, posterior femora more distinctly 
spotted with black, tibiae (the anterior less prominently so) 
spotted with black, the spinules black and placed near the black 
spots, apices of the tarsi black ; other characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya {Green}. 

Punctures leaves of Crotalaria verrucosa and 0. incarna 
(E. E. Green). 

3065. Eagmus pellucidus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 19 (1910). 

Allied to It. importunitas, but smaller, paler, and somewhat 
uniformly greyish ochraceous ; antennae concoloroue, the third 
and fourth joints not pitchy black ; legs more obscurely spotted 
with black. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Simla Hills ; Dharampur, 5000 ft. (Annandale). Punjab ; 
Lahore (Annandale}. Malabar ; Cochin State, Ernakulam 
(Annandale). 

This species seems to be quite distinct from its Ceylonese ally, 
which is perfectly constant in a long series sent to me by 
Mr. Green. 



Genus PSALLUS. (Vol. II, p. 482.) 

3066. Psallus kurseongeusis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 19 (1910). 
c?. Black, thickly palely pilose; lateral margins of the 
corium narrowly ochraceous ; cuneus sometimes pale castaneous, 
its basal and apical margins more or less distinctly pale 
ochraceous ; membrane fuliginous, the cellular and apical margins 
paler; body beneath black, greyishly pilose; legs ochraceous, 
apices of anterior and intermediate femora, posterior femora 
(excluding basal areas), bases of anterior and intermediate tibiae, 
macular annulations to posterior tibia?, and the apices of the tarsi 
black ; first and second joints of antennae black, third and fourth 
palely fuscous, first joint as long or nearly as long as head, second 
joint more than twice the length of first ; rostrum ochraceous, 
about reaching the intermediate coxae ; pronotum with a trans- 
verse foveate impression on each side of anterior area; tibiae 
spinulose, the spiuules on the posterior tibiro inserted at the black 



290 APPENDIX. CAPSID.E. 

spots ; femora moderately but distinctly thickened, the posterior 
femora more distinctly so. 

Length 3| to 4 millim. 

Hob. E. Himalayas; Kurseong, 5000 ft. (Ind. Mus.). 

Genus IDATIUS. 

(To follow Psallus, Vol. II, p. 482.) 
Idatius, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 20 (1910). 

Type, /. priscillianus, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Head about as long as broad, not foveately sulcate between the 
eyes, which project considerably beyond the anterior margins of 
the pronotum ; antennae with the first and second joints moder- 
ately thickened, the first distinctly shorter than head, second four 
times the length of first, third and fourth slender but together 
not so long as second ; rostrum robust, reaching the intermediate 
coxae ; pronotum at base twice as broad as long and about twice 
as broad as at anterior margin, deflected anteriorly, the lateral 
margins a little roundly oblique, the posterior margin subtruucate ; 
scutellum somewhat large and triangular, moderately transversely 
impressed before middle ; corium (excluding cuneus) considerably 
longer than second joint of antennae ; cuneus with the basal and 
outer margins subequal in length ; membrane considerably passing 
the abdominal apex, with a distinct basal cell ; posterior femora 
moderately thickened, posterior tibiae spinulose. 

3067. Idatius priscillianus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v. p. 20 (1910). 
Black; eyes black; antennae with the basal joint brownish 




\ 



Fig. 160. Idatius priscillianus. 

ochraceous, second joint black, with its basal area brownish 
ochraceous, third and fourth joints palely fuscous, basal area of third 



SEJANIJS. 291 

ochraceous ; cuneus with two greyish spots near base ; membrane 
pale fuliginous ; body beneath black ; legs ochraceous, posterior 
femora castaneous, the spinules to the posterior tibiae and the 
apices of the tarsi black ; pronotum and scutellum shining black, 
faintly transversely striate ; coriuin obscurely pilose and finely 
punctate ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Paresnath, 4000 to 4500 ft. (Annandah). Simla 
Hills; Dharampur, 5000 ft- (Annanddle). Nicobar Islds. (fide 
Eeuter}. 

Genus SEJANUS. 
Sejanus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 20 (1910). 

Type, 8. funereus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head about as long as broad, deeply, broadly, roundly, foveately 
sulcate between the eyes, which are large and project beyond the 
anterior margins of the pronotum ; antennae with the first and 
second joints moderately thickened, the second more robust than 
the first, which is short and about the length of the eyes, second 




N 

Fig. 161. Sejanus Junereus. 

joint about five times the length of first, third and fourth slender, 
third about twice as long as first, fourth as long as first ; rostrum 
robust and reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum twice as broad 
as long, the lateral margins oblique, posterior margin subtruncate ; 
scutellum somewhat large and triangular; corium (excluding 
cuneus) about as long as second joint of antennae, cuneus with 
the basal and outer margins subequal in length, angularly narrowed 
at apex ; membrane considerably passing the abdominal apex, with 
a single basal cell; legs mutilated in typical specimen. 



292 APPENDIX. 

This genus is founded on a single specimen sent to me by 
Mr. Green from Ceylon, and although wanting the legs cannot 
be left out of the enumeration of the Capsidse of British India. 

3068. Sejanus funereus, Dist. A. M. N. IL (8) v, p. 21 (1910). 

Black ; eyes castaneous brown ; antennae with the basal joint 
brownish ochraceous, the second joint black, with its basal area 
brownish ochraceous, third and fourth joints stramineous ; cuneus 
with two basal greyish spots ; membrane fuscous, the margins 
paler ; rostrum black, its basal area brownish ochraceous ; body 
beneath black ; corium shortly, finely, palely pilose ; structural 
characters as in generic 'diagnosis. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hob. Ceylon (Green). 

This species was contained in some miscellaneous sweepings 
kindly collected for me by our helpful friend Mr. E. E. Green. 



Genus SABACTUS. 
(Near Campylomma, Vol. II, p. 483.) 
Sabactus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) r, p. 21 (1910). 

Type, S. institutus, Dist. 
Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head about as long as broad, deflected and narrowed in front 
of eyes, which are transverse and strongly project beyond the 




Fig. 162. Sabactus institutus. 

anterior margins of the pronotuin ; antennae slender, first joint 
shorter than head, second about four times as long as first, third 
longer than fourth and together distinctly shorter than second ; 



.TBHANIA. 293 

rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; pronotum at base twice as 
broad as long and about two and a half times as broad as anterior 
margin, moderately convex, deflected anteriorly, the basal margin 
before scutellum truncate, oblique towards posterior angles ; scutel- 
lum subtriangular ; corium (excluding cuneus) as long as second 
joint of antennae, including clavus and cuneus twice as long as 
broad, cuneus considerably broader than long ; posterior femora 
moderately thickened, intermediate and posterior tibise spinulose. 
A genus to be placed near Campylomma, Eeut. 

3069. Sabactus institutes, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 21 (1910). 

Brownish ochraceous ; eyes, a small spot at apex of claval 
suture, and the apex of cuneus black ; antennae ochraceous, third 
and fourth joints palely fuscous ; lateral areas of corium and the 
cuneus pale ochraceous ; membrane pale fuliginous, the margins 
pale ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous, intermediate 
and posterior tibia3 finely spotted with black, the spinules black ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

Species which are likely to be found in the Fauna of British India. 

LOPUS CINGULATTJS. 

Cimex cingulatus, Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 307. 287 (1787) ; id. (Miris) 
Syst. Ehyng. p. 255. 13 (1803) ; Eeut. (Lopus), Hem. Gymn. Europ. 
v, p. 316, Tab. x, f. 3 (1896). 

Dr.Bergroth has drawn my attention to this species. He writes : 
"The type specimen of Lopus cingulatus, Fabr. was described 
from ' India Orientalis,' where it was found by Schlan[gen]busch, 
who sent many insects to Fabricius. It is not mentioned in your 
Indian Fauna, but as it is a common south Palaearctic species it 
may really be distributed as far as to India." 

FULVIUS BREVICOBNIS, Rent. Ent. Tidskr. 1895, p. 138 ; Pfrpp. Act. 
Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 4, p. 44 (1910). 

Poppius includes in the localities for this species : Burma ; 
Bbamo. W. Africa. France ; Eouen. West Indies and Venezuela. 



Subfamily ISOMETOPI1SLE. (Vol. II, p. 483.) 

Genus JEHANIA, nov. 
(To follow Turnebus, Vol. II, p. 485.) 

Body broadly ovate ; head (including eyes) considerably narrower 
than the pronotum, about as long as broad at base ; ocelli a little 
behind middle and between the eyes, which are somewhat long and 



294 APPENDIX. CAPSID*. 

prominent ; antennae slender, basal joint not passing eyes, second 
and third joints subequ&l in length, fourth short and moderately 
thickened ; pronotum transverse, about three times broader at 
base than long, centrally transversely impressed, the anterior 
angles rounded, lateral margins convex, posterior margin sub- 
concavely sinuate ; mesonotum exposed ; scutellum longer than 
broad at base, angularly attenuated from base ; coriuin broad, 
costal margin moderately convex, cuneus broad, a little broader 
than long ; membrane passing the abdominal apex, with a single 
narrow cell at base ; rostrum long, a little passing the posterior 
coxae ; femora distinctly thickened. 

3070. Jehania mahal, sp. n. 

Obscure greyish, spotted and marked with black; head pale 
ochraceous, with a central black fascia, bifurcating anteriorly, 
before the ocelli ; antennae brownish ochraceous, more than apical 
half of second joint (excluding extreme apex), third joint and 
base of fourth pale fuscous ; pronotum obscure yellowish grey 
with a broad central longitudinal fascia branching off laterally on 
each side, black ; mesonotum black, its lateral margins narrowly 




Fig. 165. Jthania mahal. 

yellowish grey ; scutellum black, its lateral margins (excluding 
base and apex) yellowish grey ; corium, clavus, and cuneus yellowish 
grey, a small spot at base and two large spots on disk of corium 
and a transverse spot on cuueus, black ; membrane greyish, finely 
spotted with piceous, the base reflecting the dark abdomen 
beneath, the dark basal cell outwardly palely margined ; sternum 
and legs pale ochraceous ; a spot near anterior and intermediate 
coxae and subapical aunulation to femora black. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. E. Himalayas; Kurseong, 4,700 ft. (Annandale, Ind. 



"Among lichen on tree-trunk.'' (N. Annandale.) 



ANTHOCORID^B. 295 



Family ANTHOCORID<E. (Vol. Ill, p. 1.) 

A considerable divergence in the generic concepts of different 
entomologists is very marked in this family, and the difficulty thus 
create'd is considerably increased by the many genera which have 
been divided into subgenera. A genus being purely an artificial 
arrangement necessarily used in the classification and arrange- 
ment of species, the use of subgeneric names seems scarcely 
warranted. Most of Still's subgeneric divisions are now used 
in a generic sense. If divisions of the genus are considered 
necessary, they scarcely need distinctive names, if they repre- 
sent true divisions they are for all purposes true genera. The 
term genus, by the use made of it, is somewhat " fetish " ; in a 
library catalogue it would represent the shelf on which are 
found the books relating either to a common subject or to the 
divisions of that subject as it becomes more elaborated by further 
study. Eeuter and Poppius have described a number of genera 
of these minute insects from Malayan habitats ; but as they have 
not been figured, it is almost impossible to say whether they may 
not also be represented in British India, and hence some of the 
new genera here proposed may possibly prove to be synonymous 
with genera they have described. 

I have to thank Dr. Handlirsch of the Vienna Museum for 
letting me see and figure some of the species recently described by 
Poppius. 

Genus SEPTICIUS, nov. 
(To follow Ostorodias, Vol. Ill, p. 2.) 

Type, S. clarus. Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Subovate, subdepressed ; head very little longer than broad at 
base, central lobe prominent, very slightly extending beyond the 
lateral lobes ; eyes large but slightly adpressed, ocelli near posterior 
margins of eyes ; antennae longly pilose, first and second joints 
stout, first joint about reaching apex of head, second nearly twice 
as long as first and thicker at apex than at base, third and fourth 
slender, almost subequal in length ; pronotum twice as broad at 
base as long, anteriorly moderately convexly gibbous, anterior 
collar distinct and finely transversely striate, transversely im- 
pressed near base, behind the impression finely transversely 
wrinkled, lateral margins sinuate, rounded towards anterior 
margin, basal margin nearly straight, only slightly emarginate ; 
scutellum triangular ; corium (including embolium) about as long 
as posterior tibiae, cuneal fracture distinct, outer margin of 
cuneus rounded ; membrane considerably passing abdominal apex ; 



296 APPENDIX. ANTHOCORIDYi:. 

rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae, first joint reaching base 
of head; legs finely hirsute, anterior femora strongly thickened. 

3071. Septicius clarus, sp . n. 

Head, pronotum and scutellum shining black, apical area of 
head somewhat dark castaneous ; antenna; more or less pitchy 
brown ; pronotum obscurely finely palely pilose ; hemelytra' sub- 
hyaline, shaded with dark greyish and sparsely finely pilose ; 




Fig. 164. Septichis clarus. 

about basal half of embolium pale, neither shaded nor pilose; 
membrane pale, inner apical margins of clavus and outer and 
posterior margins of cuneus narrowly darker ; body beneath 
black, rostrum and legs ochraceous, femora (excluding bases and 
apices) pitchy brown ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 3 niillim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 



Genus ARNULPHUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 3.) 
Anthocoris, Popp. (nee Fall.) Wien. ent. Zeit. xxix, p. 139 (1910). 

ARNULPHUS ATERRIMUS, Dist. (Vol. Ill, p. 3.) 

Anthocoris aterrimus, Popp. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxix, p. 139 (1910). 

Poppius appears to have created the above synonymy without 
adequate reason. I submit the figure of A. aterrimus (vol. iii, 



GALCHAKA. 297 

p. 3, f. 2) and the figures of his two species of Anthocoris on the 
following pages, as argument for my contention. If, however, 
aterrimus, Dist.. is to be placed in Anthocoris, it is well to 
remember that Sahlberg described a species under the name 
of AntJiocoris aterrimus, which is now placed in the genus 
Tetraphleps, and therefore the proposal " once a homonym always 
a homonym" (with which in the sense proposed I entirely 
disagree) would necessitate a new name for the species, by those 
who follow the Kirkaldian method. 



Genus GALCHANA, nov. 
(To follow ArnulpJiiu,Vo}. Ill, p. 3.) 

Type, 6. humeralis, Dist. 

Distribution. North India. 

Head long and slender, longer than breadth including eyes ; 
antennae setose, with the first joint short, not reaching apex 
of head, second about twice as long as first, third a little shorter 




Fig. 165. Galchana humeralis. 

than second, about as long as fourth ; rostrum reaching the 
anterior coxae, second joint much the longest ; pronotum slightly 
more than twice broader at base than long, two transverse 
incisions on anterior area enclosing a collar and a transverse 
callose region behind it, the basal margin moderately concave, 
the lateral margins obliquely sinuate, the posterior angles dis- 
tinctly subangularly prominent; scutellum triangular with two 
transverse ridges, one near base, the other just behind middle ; 



298 APPENDIX. ANTHOCOBJDjE. 

corium as far as apex of embolium about as long as posterior 
tibiae, cuneal area large and distinctly separated ; membrane 
considerably passing abdominal apex ; legs moderately slender, 
setose. 

The structure of the pronotum and scutellum are the principal 
characteristics of this genus ; the length of the head allies it to 
ArnulpTius. 

3072. Galchana hnmeralis, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum and hemelytra shining black, dis- 
tinctly and somewhat ochraceously pilose ; basal costal margin of 
corium preceded by two longitudinal streaks, and a spot near 
apex of embolium, ochraceous ; membrane pitchy brown with two 
spots near base of outer margin and a spot on inner margin 
greyish - white ; body beneath black ; femora piceous, their 
extreme bases and apices and the whole of the tibiae ochraceous, 
tarsi ochraceous with their apices blackish ; antennae black, 
second joint with a broad ochraceous annulation ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Simla. 



Genus ANTHOCORIS. 



Biol. Centr.-Am., Rhynch., Hem.-Het.ii, p. 323 (1900); Oslian 

Verz. Pal. Hem.-Het. ii, p. 622 (1908). 
Rhynarius, Halm, Wanz. Ins. i, p. 104 (1831). 
Leptomeris, Lap. Ess. Hem. p. 10 (1835). 
Phyllocoris, Costa, Atti 1st. incor. So. Nap. vii, p. 264 (1847). 
? Zopherocoris, Rent. Ofv. Vet.-Akad. Fork. 1871, p. 565. 

Type, A. nemorum, Linn., a Palaearctic species. 

Distribution. Palaearctic, Neavctic, Neotropical, and Oriental 
Eegions. Probably more widely distributed. 

Saunders (Hem. Het. Brit. Islds. p. 196, 1892) has shortly 
but concisely diagnosed this genus as follows : " Head with the 
eyes not touching the pronotum ; ocelli placed posteriorly, close 
to the inner margin of the eyes ; antennae with tlie second joint 
not nearly so long as the third and fourth together ; rostrum 
short, reaching to about the anterior coxse; pronotum with a 
well-marked apical collar, sides behind it more or less rounded, 
base longly sinuate ; scutellum impressed at the base ; elytra 
always developed, their sides subparallel or slightly rounded ; 
legs simple, posterior coxae close together, the metasternum pro- 
duced between them in a narrowly rounded lobe." (Saunders.) 



AWTHOCOBIS. 



3073. Anthocoris annulipes, Popp. Ada Soc. Sti, Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9, 

p. 31 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black ; hemelytra fuscous 
brown or ochraceous, apical area of embolium, cuneus, inner 
angular area of eorium, and outer area of clavus (more or less) 




Fig. 166. Anthocoris annwttpet. 

piceoua, about basal third of costal margin pale stramineous ; 
membrane fuscous brown, a pale spot near base and on lateral 
margin, and between the latter indications of a paler transverse 
fascia ; body beneath black ; legs pale ochraceous, femora more or 
less apically annulated with piceous; antennae hirsute with the 
basal joint black, second joint ochraceous with its apex black, 
third ochraceous with its apical half black, first joint not reaching 
apex of head, second about twice as long as first ; pronotum very 
strongly transversely impressed before middle and finely punctate ; 
body above finely irregularly pilose : tibiae pilose. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Darjiling, Sikhim ( Vienna Mns.). 



3074. Anthocoris indicus, Popp. Ada Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9, 
p. 32 (1910). 

Very closely allied to the preceding species, and the differ- 
ences apparently only a matter of coloration ; these differences 
consist of the first, second, and third joints of the antennae 
being black, and the femora (excluding apices) being also 
black. 

In the absence of structural differentiation, at least so far 
as I have observed, I take this form to be simply a strongly 



300 APPENDIX. ANTHOCORID.E. 

coloured variety of the previous species described by Poppius as 
A. annulipes, and include it here as a distinct species with very 
great doubt. I have figured it to prevent future obscuration. 




Fig. 167. Anthocoris indicus. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Darjiling (Vienna Mui.). 

Poppius gives the length as 3-6 millim., but in the type now 
before me the membrane is curled up at its apex, and this has 
evidently misled him. In size it exactly resembles A. annulipes, 
Popp. 

Genus AMPHIAREUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 4.) 
AMPHIAREUS FULVESCENS. (Vol. Ill, p. 4.) 

Cardiastethus fulvescens, Popp. Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9, 
p. 19 (1909). 

Add: Hob. Comoro Ins.; Anjonam. Malay Peninsula; 
Kwala-Lumpur, Singapore. Sumatra. Engano. Celebes. New 
Guinea (fide Poppius). 

Genus LIPPOMANUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 5.) 

Cardiastethus, Popp. (nee Fieb.) Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9, 
p. 16 (1909). 

Genus ALMEIDA, nov. 

Type, A. pilosus, Popp. 

Distribution. India ; Ceylon ; Malay Archipelago. 
Allied to Lippomanus, JDist., from which it differs in the more 
ampliate and sinuate lateral margins of the pronotum and the 



ALMEIDA. 301 

more concavely emarginate base of same ; antenos with the first 
joint about or almost reaching apex of head, second joint not 
longer than third. From Cardiastethus, Fieb. (in which the 
type was included by Poppius) it similarly differs in the shape of 
the pronotum, the lateral margins of which are entirely different, 
as may be seen by a reference to Fieber's figure (Wien. Ent 
Mon. iv, pi. vi, fig. E, 1860), and also by the much narrower 
anterior margin of the pronotum, a character which allies it to 
Lijyomanus. 



3075. Almeida pilosus, Popp. (Cardiastethus) Ada Soc. Sci. F*nn. 
xxxvii, no. 9, p. 21 (1909). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and clavus bright ochraceous, 
posterior lateral angular areas of pronotum piceous or black; 
hemelytra paler ochraceous, cuneal area (excluding base) and the 
apex o clavus piceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; eyes 




Fig. 168. Almeida pilosus. 

black ; first and second joints of antennae thickened, apical area of 
second thicker than first, second joint almost twice as long as 
first, third and fourth joints each a little longer than second and 
subequal in length, all the joints setose ; pronotum with a trans- 
verse series of punctures near anterior margin and a similar 
transverse series near middle ; behind the latter some scattered 
punctures, more prominent near the lateral angular areas; scu- 
tellum and clavus coarsely punctate and a line of coarse punctures 
outside the claval margin; body and legs pilose, legs, lateral 
margins of pronotum, costal margin of corium, and cuneus 
lougly so. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta (Paiva). Ceylon; Henaratgoda (Vienna Mus.). 
Celebes : Macassar (fide Poppius). 



302 APPENDIX. AlfXHOCORIDJE. 

Genus LASIOCHILUS. 

(To follow Lippomanus, Vol. Ill, p. 5.) 

Lasiochilus, Reut. Ofv. Vet.-Ak. fork. 1871, p. 562 ;' id. Act. Soc. 

Sci. Fenn. xiv, p. 567 (1885) ; Champ. Biol. Centr.-Am., Rhynch., 

Hem.-Het. ii, p. 307 (1900). 

Subgen. Uilasia, Reut. Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Forh. 1871, p. 563. 
Subgen. Hapa, BucJi. White, Proc. Zool Soc. Land. 1878, p. 465 
Subgen. Seiniotoscelis, Reut. Act. Soc. Sci. Fenn. xiv, p. 578 (1885). 

Type, L. pallidulus, Eeut., a Nearctic and Neotropical species. 

Distribution. Nearctic, Neotropical, and Oriental Eegions ; 
St. Helena. 

As Champion remarks (supra) the chief characteristics of this 
genus are the short backwardly-curved orifice of the metastethium 
and the strongly pilose elytra, the outer margin of the embolium 
appearing ciliate. Prom Lippomanus it is distinguished by the 
longer anterior margin of the pronotum, and thus the less oblique 
structure of same, the straighter or slightly convex, not concave 
margins of the corium, &c. 



3076. Lasiochilus corticalis, Reut. (subgen. Dilasia) Act. Soc. Sci. 
Fenn. xiv, p. 573 (1885). 

Piceous ; oblong ; fuscously pilose, hemelytra besides with 
flavous adpressed long pubescent pile ; antennae fuscous, the last 




. Lasiochilus corticalis. 



joint testaceous ; rostrum, tibiae and tarsi flavous-testaceous; 
scutellum (excepting base) and hemelytra fuscous ; extreme base 
of corium and a small spot at interior apical angle of embolium 
pale ochraceous ; embolium and cuneus externally more obscurely 



LA8IOCHILUS. 303 

coloured ; membrane inf uscate, the suture towards apex of cuneus 
narrowly hyaline ; pronotum twice as broad at base as long, 
laterally shortly ciliate, towards apex very gradually narrowed, a 
little before apex somewhat strongly arcuate, the disk distinctly 
longitudinally sulcate: antennae with the second joint twice as 
long as first ; first joint of rostrum reaching the insertion of the 
antennae. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hob. Nicobar Islds. ; Milo, Nankauri ( Copenhagen Mus.). 

By the kind assistance of Dr. Boving, I have been able to figure 
and examine this species. 



3077. Lasiocbilus perminutus, Popp. Act. Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, 
no. 9, p. 7 (1909). 

Head and pronotum pitchy black, head a little darker in hue 
and with its apex dull ochraceous ; scutellum brownish ochraceous ; 
hemelytra pale ochraceous, the cuneal area and embolium a little 
darker; membrane dull greyish ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; 
antennae hirsute, first and second joints stoutest and piceous, 




Fig. 170. Lasiochilus perminutut. 

third and fourth ochraceous, second rather more than twice as 
long as first ; pronotum with the anterior area transversely callose 
and longitudinally centrally impressed, the lateral margins longly 
pilose; scutellum and hemelytra finely sparsely pilose; legs 
somewhat longly pilose. 

Length 1-4 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya ( Vienna Museum). 



304 APPENDIX.- -AtfTHOCOKIDJE. 



Genus SESELLIUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 6.) 

SESELLIUS PABALLELUS, Motscli. (Vol. Ill, p. 6.) 

Scoloposcelis picicornis, Popp. Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9. 

p. 26 (1909). 
Scoloposcelis parallelus, Popp. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxix, p. 140 (1910). 

Add: #06. Mentawei Isld. ; St.Oban. Enganolsld. Arulslcl. 
(fide Poppius). 

Under the genus Scoloposcelis, Fieb. (Palaearctic, Nearctic, and 
Neotropical) Poppius has included Ostorodias, Dist. (vol. iii, 
p. 3, fig. 1) and Sesellius, Dist. (vol. iii, p. 7, fig. 6). There must 
always be a difference in the individual estimation of what 
constitutes generic characters, but I am content to refer to my 
figures and descriptions. 



The three genera can be thus differentiated. 

A. Anterior femora prominently thickened and 

spinose beneath. 
. Head broad, including eyes, about as broad 

as long; pronotum with a prominently 

raised central longitudinal carination or 

ridge ; scutellum with two profound basal 

foveae OSTORODIAS, Dist. 

b. Head slender, elongate, longer than breadth 

including eyes ; pronotum not prominently 

centrally raised or ridged ; scutellum 

without two basal fovese ScoLOPOscELis,Fieb. 

B. Anterior and posterior femora prominently 

thickened and spinose beneath SESELLIUS, Dist. 

Poppius has rightly suppressed his S. picicornis (supra) as a 
synonym of S. parallelus, Motsch. (vol. iii, p. 7). 



Genus HORNIELLA. 
Horniella, Popp. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxix, p. 139 (1910). 

Type, H. polita, Popp. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

" Body somewhat depressed, strongly shining, above clothed 
with very short pale hairs, only visible under a strong magnifying 
glass, the hairs wide apart ; head scarcely longer than its width 
including the eyes, rather shortly produced in front ; eyes mode- 
rately large and prominent, a liltle remote from the front margin of 
the pronotum ; antennae about as long as head and pronotum 



TRIPHLEPS. 305 

together, first joint slightly thickened and only slightly passing apex 
of head, second about twice longer, thickened towards its apex 
and there just as thick as first, the last two of equal length, 
shorter than second, both thickened but the last stouter thau 
third which is just as thick as apex of second ; rostrum reaching 
the anterior coxae, first joint scarcely reaching the root of antennae, 
second scarcely extending beyond base of head ; pronotum 
like the head impunctate, very obsoletely transversely striate, 
base broadly rounded, the sid'es which are narrowly margined 
roundly narrowed towards front; apical constriction rather broad, 
distinctly interrupted in the middle, disk slightly convex, before 
the middle rather deeply transversely impressed, front lobe rather 
more strongly arched ; impunctate scutellum transversely im- 
pressed at base ; hemelytra in tf extending to apex of abdomen 
a,nd just as strongly shining as the fore part, only the cuneus 
appearing rather duller ; the hemelytra everywhere uniformly 
very finely and sparsely punctate, the embolium rather broadly 
detached; orifices of the metasternum short, only shallowly curved 
in front, without a longitudinal carination running from the apex ; 
posterior coxae rather widely separated, metasternum between them 
rather narrowly rounded ; legs unarmed. 

" Very much reminding one of the genus Triphleps, but the 
body strongly shining and very shortly haired ; antennae and the 
apertures of the metasternum very differently formed, and the 
apical constriction of the pronotum is distinct. Immediately 
to be distinguished from Lampronannella, Popp. by the unarmed 
legs." (Poppvtu.) 

3078. Horniella polita, Popp. Wien. ant. Zeit. xxix. p. 140 (1910). 

" Black ; head, hemelytra, first two joints of antennae, rostrum 
and legs brown ; tibiae darker, tarsi paler ; cuneus and apical third 
of embolium black ; membrane greyish yellow, slightly iridescent ; 
front in <J broad, about twice broader than diameter of eyes ; basal 
margin of pronotum about twice the median length, almost 
twice as broad as the front margin ; with a bristle on each side 
before the front angle." (Poppius.} 

"Length 1*9 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Hapulale (fide Popp,, Mus. Helsinyfors). 

I have not seen this species ; it is hoped that one day it may 
be figured. 

Genus TRIPHLEPS. (Vol. Ill, p. 8.) 

3079. Triphleps ianthe, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum and body beneath shining black ; 
antenna) and legs pale ochraceous; hemelytra with the clavus and 
coriuin very pale ochraceous, somewhat sparsely and darkly 
punctate; embolium impunctate; membrane greyish white; an- 
tennaa with the first joint not quite reaching apex of head, second 

VOL. v. x 



APPENDIX . AK THOCORID M . 



joint longest, third and fourth subequal in length or third slightly 
shorter than fourth ; pronotum about half as long as breadth at 
base, the anterior collar distinct, anterior angles slightly rounded, 
near anterior margin somewhat transversely wrinkled, the posterior 




. Triphleps ianthe. 



and lateral areas and the anterior marginal area coarsely punctate, 
a little behind middle transversely impressed, posterior margin 
moderately concave ; scutellum less prominently punctate than 
the pronotum, strongly obliquely deflected from base to apical 
area which is finely transversely wrinked ; tibiae finely setose. 

Length 2 millirn. 

Hob. Calcutta. 

3080. Tripleps snblsevis, Popp. Act. Soc. Sti. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9 r 

p. 36 (1909). 
Head, pronotum and scutellum shining black ; hemelytra 




. Fig. 172.Triphleps sublcevis. 
ochraceous, the cuneal area outwardly pale castaneous ; membrane 



TBIPHLEPS. 307 

on basal area reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; body beneath 
black, legs ochraceous ; antennae more or less ochraceous, pilose ' 
pronotum strongly transversely impressed near middle. 

Length 2-4 millim. 

Hob. Darjeeling ( Vienna Mus.). Sumatra (fide Poppius). 

Of this and some other of the small species described by 
Poppius, I have merely described the characters of coloration, and 
for the structural characters rely on the figures which have been 
carefully portrayed by the artist under the microscope. 

3081. Triphleps puncticollis, Pom?. Act. Soc. Sd. Fenn. xxxvii. no 9> 

p. 38 (1910). 

" Elongate, oval, shining, above with short depressed pale hairs ; 
black, the apex of head yellowish red, the hemelytra, antennae and 
legs yellow, apex of cuneus somewhat darkened ; head including 
eyes distinctly broader than long, eyes large and prominent, front 
very finely transversely wrinkled and also finely punctured in the 
middle ; rostrum yellowish brown, extending to the anterior coxa? ; 
antennae moderately slender, second joint as long as front between 
the eyes, last two joints rather more slender, slightly spindle-shaped, 
equally long, rather shorter than second ; pronotum broad, slightly 
narrowed towards the front, the sides first running straight, then 
before apex rather strongly roundly narrowed, towards the apex 
more broadly margined, basal margin broad, very slightly emar- 
ginate, nearly twice broader than the median length, about half 
broader than front margin, apical collar obsolete, the moderately 
arched disk has a slight transverse impression rather behind the 
middle, the calli slightly convex, smooth, remaining parts of 
anterior half rather thickly and finely punctured, basal area thickly 
and strongly punctured ; the whole scutellum thickly punctured, 
rather more finely so than the basal area of pronotum ; hemelytra 
strongly punctured, rather more sparingly so than the pronotum, 
punctures of the clavus not stronger ; membrane yellowish ; cell- 
hook on hind wings rising rather far from the ' vena decurrens.' 
(Poppius.) 

" Length 1*5 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Uzel, Vienna Mus.). 

"Nearest allied to T. laticollis, Keur., but considerably smaller 
and the legs and antennae differently coloured." (Poppius.) 

3082. Triphleps pluto, sp. n. 

Head, prouotum and scutellum shining black : corium and 
clavus fuscous brown, the basal two-thirds of costal margin dull 
ochraceous, cuneal area piceous ; membrane pale piceous, the 
margins very narrowly paler ; body beneath black ; legs ochraceous ; 
antennae ochraceous, first and fourth joints somewhat piceous, first 
joint not reaching apex of head, second longest and stoutest, third 
and fourth subequal in length, fourth more slender than third ; 
head longer than breadth between the eyes, which are large and 

x 2 



308 APPENDIX. ANTHOCOKIDJE. 

prominent ; pronotum about twice as broad at base as median 
length, base moderately concave, lateral margins oblique, slightly 
rounded, anterior collar moderately distinct and levigate, trans- 
versely impressed behind middle, the posterior area finely punctate ; 
scutellum transversely gibbous at base, remaining area depressed, 
finely transversely wrinkled and punctate ; hetnelytra distinctly 
and somewhat palely pilose, clavus and corium finely punctate ; 
rostrum slightly passing the anterior coxa3, ochraceous, the basal 
joint piceous. 

Length 2| millim. 

Hab. Calcutta. 

Under leaf space of bamboo (Annandale). 

Genus BLAPTOSTETHUS. 

Blaptostethus, Fieb. Wien. ent. Monatschr. ir, p. 265 (1860) ; Rent. 
Act. Soc. Set. Fenn. xiv, pp. 611 & 666 (1885). 

Type, B. piceus, Fieb. 

Distribution. Ceylon ; Malay Archipelago. 

" Body almost elongate, shining, moderately pubescent ; head 
shortly prolonged behind eyes into a parallel-sided glabrous neck ; 
eyes large, as laterally seen occupying the whole altitude of the 
head and longer than that altitude ; rostrum long, first joint 
about half the length of the head, second joint almost more than 
two and a half times longer ; antennae with the first joint reaching 
apex of head, second distinctly thickened towards apex, third 
about half the length of second ; pronotum transverse, trapeziform, 
lateral margins straight, but suddenly rounded a little behind 
apex, margins acute, anterior annulation absent or obsolete, 
posterior angles acute, base strongly sinuate, anterior part of 
disk with no furrow, posterior half strongly depressed ; hemelytra 
with the embolium very straitened ; membrane with only external 
vein distinguishable ; metasternum trianugular, convex ; anterior 
femora moderately thickened, beneath at middle with two obsolete 
tubercles, and behind middle (nearer apex) armed with two acute 
teeth, the first larger." (Renter.) 

I have not quoted Eeuter's reference to the hamus in the cell 
of the wings, for, as Champion remarks on this character in the 
genus Scoloposcdis, which is included, owing to the supposed 
absence of the hamus, in Eeuter's division Xylocoraria, " in the 
American species, as well as in one of the European forms, the 
hamus is often present." This structure is therefore of little 
generic importance. 

3083. Blaptostethus ceylanicus, Popp. Act. Soc. Set. Fenn. xxxvii, 
no. 9, p. 40 (1909). 

Head, pronotum and scutellum shining black ; . apex of costal 
area to corium and the cuneus black, more opaque ; clavus and 
corium piceous brown, about basal half of costal margin ochraceous ; 
membrane brownish ochraceous, the basal area reflecting the dark 



POLYCTENID^E. 309 

abdomen beneath ; body beneath black ; lateral margins of meso- 
and metasterna and the legs ochraceous ; antenna with the first, 




Fig. 173. Blaptostethus ceylanicus. 

second and third joints ochraceous, remainder mutilated in typical 
specimen now before me. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Ceylon; Peradeniya (Uzel, Vienna Mus.). 



3084. Blaptostethus piceus, Fieb. Wien. ent. Monatschr. iv, p. 270, 
t. vii, f. iv (1860) ; Rent. Act. Soc. Sci. Fenn. xiv, p. 667 
(1885). 

Var. pallescens, Popp. Act. Soc. Sci. Fenn. xxxvii, no. 9, p. 41 
(1909). 

Poppius has enumerated a variety of the typical B. piceus, Fieb., 
originally described from Celebes, as found in Bombay and East 
Africa. T have not seen this species or variety, and therefore have 
only drawn attention to it. 



Family POLYCTENID^E. (Vol. Ill, p. 11.) 

Dr. Speiser has recently contributed some notes on this Family 
(Eec. Ind. Mus. iii, p. 271, 1909). Seven species are enumerated 
in this paper, but only one recorded from British India, the 
P. lyrce, Waterh. (vol. iii, p. 11). Dr. Annandale, in 1908, found 
at Trivandrum in Travancore, on a specimen of Cynopterus 
marginatus a nymph, which in Speiser's opinion probably belongs 
to his P. talpa described from Nias. He however remarks that 



310 APPENDIX. PELOGONIDJE. 

P. spasmce, Waterh., found on the Bat Megaderma spasma, L., 
from Java, may be perhaps a larval stage of P. talpa ; should this 
be proved by specimens found later, the much older name given by 
Waterhouse has priority. 

Speiser considers that the above-mentioned specimen, found by 
Dr. Annandale, proves that the Polyctenidae may now be placed in 
close affinity with the Cimicidae (vol. ii, p. 410). 



Family PELOGONID^E. (Vol. Ill, p. 13.) 

Genus PELOGONUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 13.) 
PELOGONUS MAKGINATUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 14). 

Add : Hob. Bengal ; Pusa, Mazaffapur (Lefroy\ Calcutta (Lid. 
Mus.). Nepal; Jahada,Sukhwani, Gowchar ( Ind. Mus.) ; Gorakhpur 
(Ind. Mm.} ; Agisamtengee, S. end of Kayangulam (Annandale). 
Bombay, Bor Ghat (Dixon) ; Orissa ; Balighai (Annandale). Ceylon ; 
off Dikwela (Bainbrigge- Fletcher], Colombo, Victoria Gardens 
(Paiva). Burma ; Mandalay (Annandale), Eangoon (Brunetti). 

Genus MONONYX. (Vol. Ill, p. 14.) 
3085. Mononyx projectus, sp. n. 

Greyishly pubescent ; head between eyes about three times as 
broad as long, with two short but distinct projecting spines at 
middle of anterior margin ; eyes large, a little recurved, brownish 
ochraceous, above interiorly fuscous ; pronotum with the lateral 




Fig. 174. Mononyx projectus. 

areas angularly dilated, basal margin but little wider than anterior 
margin, a distinct anteriorly directed spine at anterior angle 
behind and just beyond eyes and a smaller and more obscure spine 



MONONYX. 311 

a little behind it, the lateral areas broadly obtusely angulate, their 
margins somewhat irregular and shortly setose ; on the anterior 
disk a transverse series of three prominent nodules behind which 
is a transverse impression, between which and the basal margin are 
some curved longitudinal carinations, the most prominent of which 
are three on each side of middle ; scutellum with the anterior and 
anterior lateral margins irregularly gibbous, the apex in appear- 
ance somewhat detached ; corium sparsely and irregularly granulate, 
the interior area less prominently so, the lateral margins irregular 
and with short setose tufts, near base much more distinctly 
sinuate, the apical area before membrane somewhat broadly 
fuscous ; membrane pale fuscous, scarcely passing abdominal apex ; 
transversely and somewhat furcately veined ; body beneath thickly, 
somewhat ochraceously pubescent ; abdomen on each side with a 
sublateral segraental series of dark castaneous spots visible by the 
absence of pubescence ; legs castaneous, apices of the femora and 
tibiae black, anterior femora very robust and with a short spine 
near base of anterior margin, intermediate and posterior legs 
shortly setose, posterior tibise mutilated in typical specimen. 

Length 9 millim. ; breadth of pronotum 6| millim. 

Hob. Assam ; Sibsagar (Coll. List.}. 

3086. Mononyx turgidulus, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum and scutellum more or less dark greyishly 
pubescent ; hemelytra pitchy black ; connexivum greenish 
ochraceous, with subquadrate piceous segmental spots ; head 
between eyes about twice as broad as long, anterior margin shortly 
setose and with two short obscure spines at middle ; eyes a little 




Fig. 175. Moncnyx turgidulus. 

recurved, brownish ochraceous, above interiorly fuscous ; pronotum 
with the anterior and posterior margins subequal in breadth, the 
lateral margins moderately, subtruncately produced, the anterior 
disk moderately gibbous, but not prominently nodulose, finely 
granulose as seen between the pubescence, transversely impressed 



312 APPENDIX. PELOGCmD.I. 

at about one-third before basal margin, behind this impression 
longitudinally carinate, the most prominent carinations being six 
in number, the lateral areas are flatly ampliate, very much less 
pubescent and more ochraceous in hue, their margins shortly 
setose, prominently sinuate near anterior angles which are shortly 
obtusely spinous ; scutellum with a short uprightly setose elevation 
on each side near base, its apex somewhat prominently tuberculous ; 
corium thickly, finely granulose; membrane not reaching abdominal 
apex; connexivum broad, the posterior angles of the segments mode- 
rately angulate, the segments also moderately foveately depressed ; 
body beneath palely fuscously pubescent, the lateral areas of the pro- 
sternum more or less ochraceous ; abdomen with a sublateral fascia 
on each side united subapically, black in appearance caused by the 
absence of the paler pubescence ; anterior legs fuscously pubes- 
cent, the tarsi castaneous at base and black at apex; intermediate 
and posterior legs more or less olivaceous, shortly setose. 

Length 9| millim.; breadth of pronotum 6| milliin. 

Hab. Nepal; Gowchar (Coll. Dist.). 

3087. Mononyx spissus, sp. n. 

Brownish grey ; head between the eyes more than twice broader 
than long, centrally distinctly produced where its anterior margin 
is finely crenulate, in the middle near base two small distinct 
tubercles ; eyes brownish ; pronotum with the basal margin 
distinctly broader than the anterior margin, the central disk 




Fig. 176. Mononyx spissus. 

moderately gibbous, transversely impressed before anterior margin, 
a small foveation on each side near its middle, the outer margins 
of this raised area sinuate, and with a transverse sinuate impres- 
sion at its posterior margin, between which and base are two 
widely separated longitudinal carinations; the lateral pronotal areas 
flattened and ampliate, their margins almost straight for half the 
distance from base and then oblique and slightly rounded to eyes, 
the basal margin distinctly sinuate, the whole surface finely, 
sparsely granulose ; scutellum with three tubercles, one on each 



313 

side near base, the other and smaller at apex ; corium sparingly, 
finely granulose, the lateral margins rounded ; connexivum scarcely 
exposed except slightly near the membrane which does not reach 
the abdominal apex ; body beneath fuscous, more palely pubescent ; 
legs dark castaneous, the intermediate and posterior tibiae shortly 
setose. 

Length 10 millim. ; breadth of pronotum 6| millim. 

Hab. Assam ; Sibsagar (Coll. Dist.). 

Allied to M. ampliatus, Montand., from New Guinea. 



Family NEPID^E. (Vol. Ill, p. 17.; 



Genus LACCOTREPHES. (Vol. Ill, p. 17.) 

3088. Laccotrephes elongatus, Montand. Still. Soc. Set. Bucarest, 
xv, p. 330 (1907). 

" Elongate, the lateral margins subparallel ; head longitudinally 
carinate, the carination fairly obtuse, more or less tuberculous, 
uninterrupted ; eyes small, somewhat projecting, very divergent 
behind, the intraocular space much enlarged, about twice broader 
in front than the greatest diameter of the eye ; pronotum long, 
as long as broad, the lateral margins subparallel, scarcely enlarged 
on the posterior fourth, carinations of the anterior area very 
obtuse, and little elevated ; scutellum long, longer than broad at 
base, the lateral margins slightly and obtusely sinuate near the 
apex, the carinations very little elevated and indistinct ; elytra 
very little and very obtusely enlarged at middle, claval commissure 
nearly twice longer than the length of the scutellum and more 
than twice the breadth of the base of the scutellum ; membrane 
brown, well developed, reticulate ; abdomen above a deep brown, 
a little paler, nearly reddish, on the margins ; wings a little 
hyaline ; appendices shorter than the body, scarcely longer 
than the abdomen ; anterior femora a little longer than the 
posterior breadth of the pronotum, with a strong tooth fairly 
elevated and obliquely subtruncate at apex, situate near the base 
at the lower or inner edge of the furrow which contains the tibia 
in repose ; the inner lower edge of this furrow (which is only 
present close to the base [of the femur]) is also, but very ob- 
tusely, dentated, that is to say that the dilatation of the margin 
of the furrow is a little elevated near the basal angle ; inter- 
mediate and posterior legs moderately slender, the intermediate 
tibiae much shorter than their femora ; prosternum with a small 
conical tubercle in front, regularly convex for its whole length." 
(Montandon.) 



314 APPENDIX. NEPIDJ3. 

Length excl. appendages 20-26 millim. ; length of appendages 
17-20 millim.; breadth of pronotum at base 4-8-6 millim. 

Hob, Bombay (fide Montandon); Bengal (Coll. Dist.). 

This species is to be recognized by its elongate and subparallel 
form, and as regards the other species here enumerated by the 
distinctly conical tubercle to the prosternum. 



3089. Laccotrephes griseus (to follow L. maculatus, vol. iii, p. 19). 
Nepa griseus, Guer. Iconogr. J&gne Anim.. Ins. p. 352, pi. Ivii, 

f. 7 (1829-1838). 
Laccotrephes maculatus, St&l (part.), Hem. Fabr. i, p. 135 (1868) ; 

Dist. (part.) vol. iii, p. 19. 
Laccotrephes griseus, Montand. Ann. Muz. Zool. Napoli, iii, n. 10, 

p. 3 (1910). 

I formerly included this species as a synonym of L. maculatus, 
Fabr., thus following the decision of Stll (supra).* Dr. Montandon 
has, however, recently examined Guerin's types contained in the 
Zoological Museum of Naples and states that it is distinct from 
maculatus, Fabr., from which it differs in the following particulars. 
The strong acute tubercle situate on the anterior area of the 
prosternum, whereas that area is entirely straight and non- 
tuberculous in L. maculatus; also by the abdominal appendices 
being proportionately larger, and by the tooth at the base of the 
anterior femora being more obtusely rounded. In size and other 
respects it evidently represents maculatus. 

Hob. Bengal (fide Guerin). Madras ; Pondichery. Ceylon. 
Burma (fide Montandon). Malacca. Seychelles ; Mahe (fide 
Montandon). 

Laccotrephes griseus, Guer., must therefore now be regarded as 
a distinct species. Bombay specimens in my collection are un- 
doubtedly L. maculatus as are also examples from Lobha. It 
also occurs at Calcutta, where it is very much scarcer than 
L. griseus. 



Geuus BORBOROPHYES. 

Borborophyes, Stal, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1870, p. 706. 

Type, B. mayri, Stal, from the Philippines. 

Distribution. India; Philippines. 

' Body oblongly-ovate, depressed ; pronotum equally long as 
anteriorly broad, behind middle turned backwardly, moderately 
ampliate, disk furnished with two longitudinal rugosities, pos- 
teriorly transversely impressed, anterior margin medially behind 
head profoundly sinuate, posterior margin broadly moderately 



* Dr. Montandon has given ine the credit of this synonymy instead of 
quoting StSl as its author. 



EANATEA. 315 



sinuate; scutelluin equilateral, furnished with two rugosities; 
hemelytra beyond middle distinctly ampliated, subsequently 
roundly narrowed ; clavus and corium ' connatis,' membrane 
rudimentary ; wings short, extended somewhat beyond middle of 
abdomen; legs of moderate size, anterior femora incrassated, 
beneath sulcated, anterior tibia a little shorter than the femora, 
moderately curved ; abdominal appendices short." (Stdl.) 

Differs principally from Laccotrephes by the posterior margin of 
the pronotuin being much less sinuate, and by the rudimentary 
membrane. 



3090. Borborophyes erutns, Montand. Ann. Mus. Nat. Huna.1910, 
p. 164. 

Dr. Montandon has described this species from the Khasia 
Hills and the type is contained in the U.S. Nat. Mus. Washington, 
so that I have been unable to see it. Montandon has given a 
very faithful and detailed description, occupying two and a half 
pages, which is beyond the scope of this publication. I hope 
eventually to see and figure an example, when a more condensed 
diagnosis will suffice. 



Genus RANATRA. (Vol. Ill, p. 19.) 

Dr. Montandon (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung. 1909, p. 66) expressed 
the opinion that in this work I had probably confounded under 
the name of R. filiformis, Fabr., the closely allied forms of 
E. longipes, StSl, R. varipes, St,l, and R. atropha, Montand.* I 
had not at that time seen these species, but receiving fresh species 
recently I sent them for identification to Moutandon who kindly 
complied with my request, so that I now possess these identified 
by himself and proving that I had not made the confusion he 
suspected. In Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung. 1910, p. 165, my friend 
also stated he could not accept my uniting R. sordidula, Dohrn 
with R. unicolor, Scott = R. brachyura, Horv. This, however, I 
had not done in this publication (vol. iii, p. 22), though I had, 
on insufficient material, suggested it previously and elsewhere. 1 

3091. Ranatra longipes, St&l, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fdrh. 1861, p. 203; 
Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Ixxvi, p. 56 (1907). 

" This species is easily distinguished by its very long legs, the 
posterior femora reaching the extremity of the abdomen in the tf > 
being a little shorter in the $ ; the eyes are strongly projecting, 
large, a little transverse, with the intraocular space a little 
narrower than the eye ; the head convex without a pointed 
tubercle (though sometimes elevated on the middle of the 

* Since united to B. varipes, Stal. 



316 



APPENDIX. - NEPLIXE. 



vertex) but more or less distinctly prolonged triangularly in 
front, with the genae narrowed from the eyes anteriorly and 
closely united with the tylus which exceeds them in front by 
half its length ; anterior femora very long, about half as long 
again as the trochanters, bidentate beneath a little beyond the 
middle ; the appendices a little less in length than the abdomen, 
the pronotum about or nearly half the length of the abdomen, 
more enlarged behind than in front, with the posterior area 
swollen for about two-fifths from base ; the abdomen above gene- 
rally clear, a little reddish in the southern examples, frequently 
brown, as in an example from China." (Montandon.) 

Length excl. abd. append. 22 millim. 

Hub. Bengal ; Rajshai, Calcutta. Lucknow. Malay Peninsula.. 
Java. Borneo. China. 



3092. Kanatra varipes, St&l, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fdrh. 1861, p. 203; Mayr, 

Reise Nov., Hem. p. 191 (1866) ; Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 

Ixxvi, p. 57 (1907) ; id. Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung. 1909, p. 66. 
Ranatra atropha, Montand. Bull. Soc. Sci. Bucarest, xii, p. 105 

(1903). 
Ranatra varipes var. atropha, Montand. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Lxxvi, 

p. 57 (1907). 

" Very near E. longipes, Stal and from the same localities, hardly 




Fig. 177. Banatra varipes, var. 

to be separated except by the posterior legs and the abdominal 
appendices which are shorter ; the length is proportionally less, 



EANATBA. 



317 



And the intraocular space a little less constricted. The pronotum 
is of the same form in the two species, and in varipes, Stal, one 
also finds examples which only differ from the typical form by 
the subcylindrical pronotum, it being scarcely more enlarged behind 
than in front, and which I had described under the name of 
R. atropha, Mont. ; at present I do not propose to consider this 
as more than a simple variety of varipes, Stal." (Montandon.) 

I figure a black example with an ochraceous fascia at inner 
margin of eyes, which Dr. Montandon has returned to me 
labelled varipes, Stal, var. 

Length excl. abdom. append. 19 to 20 millim. 

Hob. Nepal ; Khatmandu. Bengal ; Fort Canning, Calcutta. 
eylon ; Weligama (Green). Burma; Moulmein. 



3093. Eanatra distant!, Montand. Bull. Soc. Sci. Bucarest, xix. p. 652 
(1910). 

Ashy brown ; head with a distinct conical tubercle between the 




Pig. \18.-Ranatra distanti. 



eyes,_the face with a strong central longitudinal ridge, the surface 
very finely granulose ; pronotum about as long as the anterior 



318 APPENDIX. NAUCORID.3;. 

tibise, the anterior margin very strongly and prominently ridged, 
two pairs of tubercles behind middle on basal third, the posterior 
pair larger and with foveate apices, basal margin very strongly 
sinuate, the posterior angles lobately rounded, the whole surface 
thickly minutely granulose ; scutellum finely transversely striate ; 
hemelytra mottled with brownish, the costal margin distinctly 
paler, preceded by a broken linear blackish fasciate line ; mem- 
brane darker, reticulately veined, extending to little more than 
half of the last true abdominal segment ; abdominal appendices 
apparently mutilated ; prosternum with an impressed central 
longitudinal line ; abdomen beneath with a fine central longi- 
tudinal ridge, the lateral segmental margins with distinct, short, 
transverse impressions ; posterior tibiae about as long as posterior 
femora, inwardly clothed with some long setose hairs. 

Length excl. abd. append. $ 30 millim. 

Hab. Nicobar Islands (Rogers, Coll. Dist.). 

The typical specimen on which this species is founded has been 
examined and described by Dr. Montandon, who is recognized as 
our undoubted authority on this and allied families of aquatic 
Rhynchota. 



Family NAUCORID^E. (Vol. Ill, p. 25.) 

Genus GESTROIELLA. (Vol. Ill, p. 27.) 

3094. Gestroiella insignis, S p. n. 

Head slightly longer than breadth between eyes, testaceous 
brown, slightly transversely wrinkled and in places obscurely finely 
granulose ; pronotum testaceous brown, on disk and anterior 
marginal area distinctly transversely striate, centrally depressed, 
the lateral margins oblique, slightly rounded, the posterior angles 
broadly acute and directed backward over the base of the hem- 
elytra ; scutellum testaceous brown ; bemelytra pitchy brown, 
thickly finely punctate, about basal half of lateral margins and the 
internal suture distinctly paler in hue ; connexivum testaceous 
brown, the first two (visible) segments posteriorly distinctly 
bi-spinose ; body beneath testaceous brown, abdomen becoming 
piceous on apical area ; anterior legs testaceous brown, inter- 
mediate and posterior legs ochraceous. 

Length 17| millim. 



DIAPnOEOCOEIS. 



Hob. Assam ; Sadiya. 

In general shape arid size allied to G. schoutedeni, Mont., from 




Fig. 179. Gestroiella insignis. 

Annam, but allied to G. limnocoroides (vol. iii, p. 27) by the 
structure of the anterior femora. 



Genus DIAPHOROCORIS. (Vol. Ill, p. 28.) 

3095. Diaphorocoris dubreuili, Montand. Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung, vi, 
p. 300 (1908). 

" Head slightly convex, strongly inclined anteriorly, finely 
punctured, rugulose and on all the surface blackish brown, with 
two median impressions a little more accentuated, anterior margin 
narrowly pale yellow, the pale tint undulated behind with the 
prolongations on the brown patch of the disk which is a little 
embossed ; the anterior margin of the head is moderately truncate, 
not folded backwards beneath . . . . ; rostrum very short ; eyes 
divergent in front, somewhat enlarged and more convex behind, 
with a lateral triangular process concealing the anterior pro- 
notal angle, intraocular space behind more than twice the width 
of an eye ; pronotum very transverse, about two and a half times 
broader behind than the medial length, strongly sinuate on each 
side of the anterior margin behind the eyes, the posterior angles 
very broadly rounded, the surface punctate, granulose, unevenly 
embossed on the disk, uniformly dark brown on all the surface, 
very narrowly a little paler on the anterior and posterior margins, 
as also on the lateral margins ; scutellum entirely black, granu- 
lose, nearly as long as the pronotum at middle, the lateral 
edges obtusely bisinuate ; corium uniformly brown, excepting 
the base of lateral margin, abruptly dilated, suddenly rounded 
at the outer margin near base in the same mariner as the pos- 
terior angle of the pronotum, subparallel afterwards, with the 



320 APPENDIX. NAUCOBIDJE. 

rather elongate embolium scarcely contracted near its base, the 
basal two-thirds of the embolium lighter and narrowly yellow on 
the margin, the pale colour uneven at its internal edge ; claval 
commissure shorter than the scutellum ; membrane well developed 
and valvular, entirely black ; connexivum plainly visible above . . . ; 
body beneath uniformly black, except the lateral edges of the 
prosternum and the underside of the corium which are yellow ; 
legs pale yellow." (Montandon.') 

Length 10 millirn. ; max. breadth 5-4 millim. 

Hob. Trichiuopoly (Dubreuil, Coll. Montand.). 

I have not seen this species. 



Genus HELEOCORIS. (Vol. Ill, p. 29.) 

I am now able to add four more species to the British 
Indian enumeration of this genus, and to figure three of the 
species formerly included but then not seen by the writer. 
Dr. Montandon, who is the special authority on these insects, has 
greatly assisted me in the determinations. 

HELEOCORIS BBEVICEPS. (Vol. Ill, p. 29.) 

I now figure a specimen of this species which I have received 




Fig. 180. Heleocoris breviceps. 

from the Bombay State, and which has also been identified as such 
by Dr. Montandon. 

3096. Heleocoris majusculus, Montand. Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung. vi. 
p. 301 (1908). 

" Oval in form, posteriorly enlarged, a little attenuated anteriorly, 
of a uniform dark brown, with the margins of the pronotuin, the 
embolium and the connexivum yellow ; head transverse, intraocular 
space a little less than twice as broad as long and very plainly 
more than twice broader than the width of an eye, internal margins 



of the eyes subparallel, slightly obtusely sinuate ; . . . surf* 
head superficially punctate, the punctuation a little granul 



surface of the 
ose, more 



HELEOCOEIS. 321 

visible in the posterior area of the vertex, two impressions, one 
before the other on each side near the eyes . . . . , anterior margin 
of the head obtusely rounded ; . . . . pronotum very transverse, 
nearly three times broader than long, finely granulose, punctured 
on all the surface, with the anterior margin obtusely sinuate on each 
side behind the eyes, the lateral margins a little curved with the pos- 
terior lateral angles very broadly rounded, and also broadly clear 
yellowish . . . . ; scutellum entirely black ; corium with the outer 
margin curved ; embolium very much dilated behind [? in front], 
moderately contracted posteriorly, margin narrowly yellow on the 
anterior three-fourths ; claval commissure nearly as long as the 
scutellum ; membrane black ; connexivuin yellow, with the posterior 
angles of the segments a little acuminate behind ; body beneath 
pitchy brown." (Montandon.) 

Length 13 millim ; maximum breadth at middle of abdomen 
8-8 millim. 

Hal. Trichinopoly (Dubreuil). Burma ; Shan States (Coll. 
Distant). 

Dr. Montandon locates this species as near his H. breviceps, 
and remarks that at present it is the largest species of the 
genus yet described. 

I have somewhat condensed the original description to the 
diagnostic limits imposed in the preparation of these volumes. 



3097. Heleocoris rotundatus, Montand. Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung, vi, 
p. 302 (1908). 

Head about half as long as breadth between eyes, thickly finely 
granulose, brownish ochraceous, centrally blackish ; pronotum 




Fig. 181. Heleocoris rotundatus. 

about three times as broad at base as medial length, brownish 
ochraceous, much suffused with blackish except on the lateral 
marginal areas which are ochraceous with a few minute black 
spots, the disk finely granulose and punctate, depressed and 

VOL. T. T 



322 APPENDIX. NA.UCOBID.S. 

transversely striate on the anterior area, a distinct transverse im- 
pression a little beyond basal margin but not extending much beyond 
the basal angles of the scutellum, the lateral margins distinctly 
rounded ; scutellum black, its apex ochraceous, strongly and 
mostly transversely wrinkled ; hemelytra black, thickly finely 
punctate, the basal lateral margins or lateral margins of embolium 
ochraceous, inwardly irregularly defined, claval suture longer than 
scutellum and apically spotted with ochraceous ; connexivum 
ochraceous, very finely spotted with black : body beneath blackish, 
very thickly and finely shortly greyishly pilose ; head beneath and 
legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath with a central longitudinal series 
of black spots, the lateral margins ochraceous. 

Length 12 millim. ; breadth 9-4 millim. 

Hab. Trichinopoly (Dubreuil, Coll. Montand. <$f Brit. Mus.). 

The figure is taken from a typical specimen received from 
Dr. Montandon. 



HELBOCOEIS OBLIQUATUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 31.) 

When previously enumerating this species (supra), I mentioned 
that I neither knew it nor of any collection that contained an 
authentically identified specimen. I have recently received a 
specimen from Lower Burma which I submitted to Dr. Montandon, 




Fig. 18 Heleocoris obliquatus. 



and he has identified it with little doubt as Spinola's obliquatus. I 
therefore now figure that specimen, and to the Habitat " Bombay " 
must be added Lower Burma. 



3098. Heleocoris vicinus, Montand. Bull. Soc. Sci Bucarest xix 
p. 655 (1910). 

Head about twice as broad at base between eyes as medially 
long, rounded in front, ochraceous, irregularly speckled with black 
and with a central black spot widest at base and narrowed in front ; 
pronotum more than twice as broad at base as medially long, 



HELEOCORIS. 323 

ochraceous, irregularly speckled and fasciated with black, the 
lateral margins pale ochraceous, distinctly subampliate and in a 
line with the lateral margins of the head, the posterior margin a 
little paler than the disk and finely spotted with black ; scutellum 
black, its apex ochraceous ; hemelytra black, lateral margin of 
corium pale ochraceous from the base nearly to middle, the black 




Fig. 183. Heleocoris vicinus. 



coloration encroaching on it in the form of two macular suffusions ; 
membrane black, scarcely extending beyond the abdominal apex ; 
connexivum pale ochraceous with the posterior segmental margins 
black ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, the inner margins 
of the tibiae, especially of the posterior tibiae, black ; as seen 
beneath, the margin of the head between the eyes is black ; 
posterior tibiae somewhat longly spinulose. 

Length 9 to 10 millim. 

Hob. W. Bengal; Manbhum (Hallowes\ Arabanga (Fermor). 
Travancore : Temalai, W. Ghats (Annandale). 

Montandon's type is here figured. 

3099. Heleocoris bengalensis, Montand. Bull. Soc. Sci. Bucarest, 
xix, p. 653 (1910). 

Somewhat closely resembling the preceding species, H. vicinus, 




Fig. 184. Heleocoris bengalensis. 
in general appearance, but with the head longer, not twice as 



324 APPENDIX. KAUCOEID.S. 

broad at base between eyes as medially long ; body proportionally 
narrower and more elongate. 

Length 9 millim. 

Hob. W. Bengal : Manbhum (Halloives). 

Montandon's type is here figured. 

HELEOCOBIB ELOWGATUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 31.) 

I now figure a dark variety of this species, of which several have 
been recently received. " Indes orientales " being the only habitat 




Fig. 185. Heleocoris elongatus, rar. 



then recorded, it is satisfactory to be now able to locate it more 
precisely. 

Add : Sab. Bengal ; Paresnath (Annandale, Ind. Mus.), 
Matheran (Pusa Coll.). 



Genus NAUCORIS. 

Naucoris, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 693 (1775) ; Fieb. Gen. Hydroc. p. 16 

(1851) ; id. Eur. Hem. pp. 32 & 102 (1861) ; St&l, Hem. Afr. 

iii, p. 176 (1865) ; id. En. Hem. v, p. 142 (1876) ; Saund. Hem. 

Het. Brit. Islds. p. 325 (1892) ; Oshan. Verz. Pal. Hem. Het. 

iii, p. 959 (1909). 
nyocoris, StSl. Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1861, p. 201 ; id. Hem. Afr. iii. 

p. 175 (1865) ; id. En. Het. v, p. 142 (1876). 

Type, N. maculatus, Fabr., a Palsearctic species. 

Distribution. Palaearctic, Ethiopian, Oriental, Malayan, and 
Australasian Eegions. 

" Broad, oblong, oval ; head and eyes buried in the pronotum so 
that the sides of the pronotum, eyes, and front of the head form a 
continuous curve ; head very wide, twice as wide as long ; rostrum 
short, three-jointed, almost triangular ; pronotum with the base 
only slightly wider than the anterior margin ; elytra nearly 
(or quite) covering the apex of the abdomen ; connexivum clothed 
at the sides with long hairs, with the posterior angles of the seg- 
ments produced ; anterior femora very much dilated, tibiae curved, 



the single-jointed, simple, clawless tarsi appearing as a continu- 
ation of the tibiae, tarsi of second and third pairs of legs two-jointed, 
the posterior ones clothed with long natatorial hairs." (Saunders.) 

3100. Naucoris SCntellariS, St&l, Freg. Eug. Resa, Ins. Hem. p. 266 
(1859) ; id. En. Hem. v, p. 145 (1876). 

" Oval, palely testaceous-flavescent, Very finely rugulose and 
punctate; head, pronotum, femora, and heinelytra irrorated with 
fuscous, the latter behind middle fuscous, a small spot on corium at 
membranal margin indistinctly testaceously flavous ; scutellum 
blackish ; beneath fuscous, marginal spots to abdomen testaceously 
flavous. Oval, moderately convex ; head palely testaceously 
flavescent, very finely rugulose, sparsely minutely irrorated with 
fuscous ; pronotum scarcely one-third broader than long, anteriorly 
slightly narrowed, laterally very slightly rounded, palely tes- 
taceously flavous, very finely rugulose, minutely irrorated with 
fuscous, except on the posterior and lateral margins, anteriorly 
with a small fuscous spot, posteriorly with many small black 
spots, anteriorly on each side a small marginal piceous spot ; 
scutellum blackish, densely punctate; hemelytra very finely punc- 
tate, palely testaceously flavous, minutely irrorated with fuscous, 
behind middle fuscous, a small spot to corium at membranal 
margin indistinctly palely testaceous flavous ; beneath piceous, 
lateral margin of sternum and subtriangular marginal spots to 
abdomen palely testaceously flavous ; legs palely testaceously 
flavous, femora sparsely minutely irrorated with fuscous." (St8l.) 

Length 6| millim. ; breadth 4 millim. 

Hob. Pondichery (fide Stai).3ax&. 

I have not seen this species. 

3101. Naucoris sordidus, sp. n. 

Head twice as broad at base between eyes as long, ochraceous 




Fig. 186. Naucoris sordidus. 
or olivaceous, more or less speckled with fuscous ; pronotum 



326 APPENDIX. 

ochraceous or olivaceous, speckled with fuscous, the lateral and 
posterior margins paler, the former with two small black spots, one 
at base, the other before middle, posterior marginal area with 
numerous elongate blackish spots ; scutellum either black or dark 
castaneous ; elytra piceous, clavus sometimes distinctly paler, 
corium with the base of lateral areas pale ochraceous or olivaceous ; 
connexivum very pale ochraceous or olivaceous, with transverse 
piceous spots ; body beneath and legs ochraceous or olivaceous, 
lateral abdominal margins with small black spots. 

Length 5 rnillim. 

Hob. Calcutta (Annandale). Travancore : S. end of Vembanaad 
Lake (Annandale). 



3102. Naucoris vividus, sp. n. 

Head more or less ochraceous, speckled with piceous, and with 
bright red speckles near basal margin, not twice as broad between 
eyes at base as long ; pronotum more or less ochraceous speckled 
with piceous, and with two large bright red spots on disk, lateral 
and posterior margins pale ochraceous, the first with a piceous 
spot near base and apex, the latter with three more or less distinct 




Fig. 187. Naucoris vividus. 



irregular blackish spots ; scutellum dull black : clavus and corium 
testaceous much mottled with piceous, the latter with the basal 
area of lateral margin pale ochraceous; connexivum pale ochraceo us 
spotted with black ; sternum and legs ochraceous ; abdom en 
beneath pitchy black with large pale ochraceous spots on lateral 
margins. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hob. Calcutta. 



THUR8ELINUS. 327 

A broader species than the preceding N. sordidus, head longer, 
posterior margin of pronotum more straightly truncate, colour 
markings different. 



Genus THURSELINUS. (Vol. TTT, p. 33.) 
3103. Thurselinus clathratus, sp. n. 

Body ovate, moderately convex ; head testaceous, rather more 
than one-third broader between eyes than long, anterior margin 
rounded ; pronotum testaceous, the lateral and posterior margins 
pale ochraceous, an obscure obconical impression at centre of 
anterior margin, a small piceous spot on each lateral margin before 




Fig. 188 Thurse/inus clathratus. 



middle ; both head and pronotum obscurely granulose and thickly 
finely palely pilose ; scutellum testaceous, obscurely finely granu- 
lose and finely palely pilose ; clavus and corium testaceous, finely 
palely pilose, the latter with the basal area of lateral margins pale, 
greyish ; membrane pale testaceous ; connexivum greyish, posterior 
segmental margins testaceous, lateral margins with some large 
spinulose hairs, the angles of the posterior segments more or less 
acute ; body beneath and legs brownish ochraceous, finely pilose. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hab. Calcutta. 

Found in the tanks attached to the Indian Museum. 



328 APPENDIX. BELOSTOMATID^E. 

Family BELOSTOMATID^. (Vol. Ill, p. 34.) 

Genus BELOSTOMA. (Vol. Ill, p. 37.) 

3104. Belostoma deyrollei, Vuill. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1864, p. 141, 
pi. i, f. 5 ; Maw, Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxi. pp. 423 & 425 
(1871). 
Var. aberrans, Mayr, torn. cit. pp. 423 & 424. 

" Clear ashy-brown, the whole of the pronotum and the lateral 
margins of the elytra sordidly testaceous ; legs clear brown, 




Fig. 189. Belostoma deyrollei, var. aberrans. 



marbled with some testaceous spots ; head between the eyes tri- 
angular in form, strongly defined and not parallel as in the other 
Bdostomas ; pronotum in a half-circle ; nervures of the membrane 
regularly reti culated ." ( Vuillefroy.} 

Mayr founded his dberrans (which I here treat as a local form 
or variety) as having the lateral margins of the pronotum in the 
middle quite straight, in front strongly arched to the anterior 



NOTONECTIDjE. 329 

angles, whilst in typical deyrollei the lateral pronotal margins are 
more regularly arched ; he also relies on other minor measure- 
ments, his measurements of the whole body do not, however, hold 
good. 

Length 58-73 millim. 

Hob. Assam ; Brahmaputra Eiver (Lefroy). Japan. Corea. 

Two specimens of this species were sent to me by Mr. Maxwell- 
Lefroy, taken at light on the Brahmaputra, where alone it has 
apparently yet been found in India. Mr. Lefroy writes : " It is 
found at light and requires to be handled with very great care as 
its puncture is poisoned and painful " (' Indian Insect Life,' 
p. 714). These remarks also exactly apply to my experience of 
B. niloticum in the Transvaal. 



Family NOTONECTID.E. (Vol. Ill, p. 40.) 

Considerable additions are now made to this Family, so far as 
the Indian fauna is concerned. Two more genera are included 
Nychia, Stal, and HelotrepTies, St&l. Three species are added to 
Enithares, two to Anises, and two to Plea. 



Subfamily NOTONECTINJE. (Vol. Ill, p. 40.) 

Genus ENITHARES. (Vol. Ill, p. 42.) 
3105. Enithares paivana, sp. n. 

Head (including eyes) and pronotum milky white, the foveately 
excavate anterior angles of the pronotum more or less black ; 
scutellum black, its lateral margins milky white, broadest at base 
and containing at the basal angles an angulate brownish spot, the 
apex black ; hemelytra milky white, apex of the clavus, about 
apical third of corium, and the membrane shining black ; body 
beneath and legs pale greyish brown, a spot at apices of anterior 
and intermediate tibiae, the tarsal claws, and a longitudinal line on 
the inner surfaces of the posterior legs, black; head with the 
vertex longer than its greatest breadth at apex, a little longer than 
the pronotum, its lateral margins sinuate and attenuate towards 
base, breadth at apex subequal to that of eye at base ; pronotum 
more than twice as broad between humeral angles than the medial 
length ; scutellum considerably broader at base than long ; corium 



330 



APPENDIX. NOTONECTID^. 



a little longer than head, pronotum and scutellum together^ 
posterior tibiae about one-third longer than posterior tarsi. 




Fig. 190. Enithares paivana. 

Length 10 millim. 
Hob. Bengal ; Madhupur (Paiva). 

Allied to E. indica, Fabr. (vol. iii, p. 42), but head longer, less 
suddenly attenuate at base ; colour markings very different. 

3106. Enithares rogersi, sp. n. 

Body above black ; head (excluding eyes)"and lateral margins of 




Fig. IQl.Emthares rogersi. 

the pronotum neither reaching base nor apex bright yellowish 
grey ; an outer claval streak and a broader submarginal fascia to 
corium not reaching apex obscure dull greyish brown ; face 



ENITHAEES. 331 

greenish with two small brownish spots at base ; sternum and legs 
brownish ochraceous; abdomen beneath black with the lateral 
margins narrowly brownish ochraceous ; posterior legs beneath 
with a longitudinal black line; head with the vertex long and 
somewhat narrow, considerably longer than broad, about as long 
as pronotum, broadest at apex, attenuated towards base, its apical 
breadth distinctly less than basal breadth of an eye ; pronotum 
more than twice as broad at the humeral angles as the median 
length, margins of the foveate anterior angles ochraceous ; 
scutellum much broader at base than long ; corium considerably 
longer than head, pronotum and scutellum together ; posterior 
tibise nearly twice as long as posterior tarsi. 

Length 9 millim. 

Hob. Nicobar Islands (Rogers). 

3107. Enithares mandalayensis, S p. n. 

Head, pronotum and scutellum ochraceous, eyes black or 
castaneous ; pronotum with a central piceous transverse fascia 
sometimes extending to base ; clavus ochraceous, a black spot at 
base and a central oblique black fascia deflected at inner margin to 
apex, behind this fascia the colour is brownish ochraceous ; corium 




Fig. 192. Enithares mandalayensis. 

more or less blackish, usually becoming paler and more brownish 
towards apical margin ; membrane hyaline, more or less reflecting 
the darker abdomen beneath ; face, sternum, and legs ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath more or less blackish ; posterior legs beneath 
with a longitudinal black line ; vertex of head long, longer than 
pronotum, considerably longer than broad, broadest at apex, 
attenuated towards base, breadth at apex almost subequal to basal 



332 APPENDIX. NOXONECTID.E. 

breadth of an eye ; pronotum about two and a half times as broad 
between humeral angles as the medial length ; scutellum nearly 
twice as broad at base as long ; eorium only a little shorter than 
head, pronotum, scutellum, and clavus together ; posterior tibiae 
about twice the length of posterior tarsi. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hob. Burma ; Mandalay, Rangoon (Annandale). 



Genus ANISOPS. (Vol. Ill, p. 44.) 

3108. Anisops varius, Fieb. Abh. bohm. Ges. Wiss. (5) vii, p. 483 
(1851) ; Kirk. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Ixviii, p. 106 (1899) ; Dist. 
Tram. Linn. Soc. Lond. xiii, p. 38 (1909). 

Anisops perpulcher, St&l, 6fv. Vet.-Ak. Forh. 1855, p. 89. 

Anisops varia, Kirk. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 119 (1904) ; Oshan. 
Verz. Pal. Hem. Het. iii, p. 973 (1909). 

Vars. sugillata < scutellata, Fieb. torn. cit. 

Vertex of head narrow, sides almost parallel, eyes large and 
tlack ; pronotum ochraceous, the whole central area, widest 
posteriorly, blackish ; scutellum black with the apical and lateral 
margins ochraceous (in a specimen from the Philippines black with a 
greyish ochraceous spot on disk) ; hemelytra blackish grey, lateral 
margins (widest at base) greyish ochraceous; head beneath, sternum, 




Fig. 193. Anisops varius. 

and legs ochraceous ; abdomen black with a central longitudinal 
yellowish ridge. 

Length 6 to 6| millim. 

Hob. Travancore. Philippines (Simon, Brit. Mus.}. Eastern 
Palaearctic Region. North Africa. Seychelles. 

I cannot structurally separate a specimen from Travancore 



ANISOPS. 333 

(here figured) nor one from the Philippines, from this variably 
coloured species. 

3109. Anisops? breddini, Kirk. Entomologist, xxxiv, p. 5 (1901) ; id. 
Wien. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 117 (1904). 

" The present species can only be confused superficially with 
vitretts, Sign., from Madagascar. In both sexes, however, of 
breddini the eyes are actually contiguous intero-posteriorly, while 
in vitreus, even in the males, the interior margins of the eyes do 
not touch together. This character is constant in eight breddini 
and thirty-seven vitreus that I have examined." (Kirkaldy.) 

This is the only description of the species (without dimensions) 




Fig. I9i.Ani 



given by Kirkaldy, and as the peculiar structure of the eyes is 
found in some Bengal specimens, one of which is here figured, I 
have concluded that those from Bengal and Celebes are the same. 
The colour is greyish yellow, the abdomen black beneath excluding 
a central longitudinal yellow ridge, and there is a black spot near 
the coxae. It scarcely appears to be congeneric ! 

Length 7 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Port Canning, Dhappa, Calcutta (Ind. MIAS.). 
Celebes (fide Kirlcaldy}. 

At Dhappa found in fresh water ; at Port Canning in brackish 
pools. 



334 APPENDIX. NOTONECTIDJ;. 

Genus NYCHIA. 

Nychia, St&l, Freg. Eug. Resa, Ins. Hem. p. 268 (1859) ; id. Hem. 
Afr. iii, p. 190 (1865) ; Kirk. Boll. Mus. Torino, xiv, n. 350, 
p. 9 (1899); id. Wien. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 125 (1904). 

Antipalocoris, Scott, Ent. Month. Mag. viii, p. 244 (1872) ; Puton, 
Syn. H6m. Het. France, pp. 215 & 216 (1880). 

Type, N. lim-pida, Stal, from China. 

Distribution. Palaearctic, Ethiopian, and Oriental Eegions. 

" Head : crown narrow, not produced in front as in Anisops ; 
antennae four-jointed, first joint short, second large, somewhat 
oval, flattened on the sides, third minute, fourth elongate, as long 
as the second and third together, narrow, somewhat lunate ; eyes 
very large, curved with the head, viewed from above somewhat 
rhomboidal, with rounded angles, touching each other at the inner 
basal angle, from the side triangular, upper and under margin 
convex, apex rounded, posterior margin -shaped ; rostrum stout, 
four-jointed, reaching to between the first pair of coxae, first joint 
covered by the triangular labrum ; pronotum short, posterior 
margin slightly concave across the scutellum ; scutellum long, tri- 
angular, pointed, sides concave ; elytra convex, without a clavus or 
membrane ; embolium narrow, nearly as long as the corium ; Mings 
none ; sternum long, sides densely clothed with fine long appressed 
hairs ; prosternum short ; mesosternum transverse, anterior margin 
in the middle with a callus, sides reflexed, xyphus rounded, apex 
considerably depressed ; metasternum long, posterior margin in 
the middle triangular ; legs : first and second pairs short, third 
very long ; tibiae : first pair at the apex with two short spines, 
lower margin with a few long, semi-erect, stout spinous hairs; tarsi : 
first and second pairs with the first joint twice as long as the 
second ; claws : two on the first and second pairs subequal, on the 
third minute; thighs, tibiae and tarsi of the third pair of legs of 
almost equal length." (Scott.) 

" Very closely allied to the genus Anisops, from which it differs 
in not having the crown elongated nor the eyes separate, and in 
the not decidedly different proportions of the various parts of the 
hind legs." (Scott.) 

I have given Scott's description of this genus under the name 
of Antipalocoris because it is fuller and more precise than that 
of Stftl. 

3110. Nychia marshalli, Scctt (Antipalocoris), Ent. Month. Mag. viii, 

p. 245 (1872); Kirk. Proc. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1897, p. Ivii; id. 

(Nychia) Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1900, p. 435 ; id. Wien. ent. Zeit. 

xxiii, p. 125 (1904). 
? Nychia limpida. St&l, Frey. Eug. Resa, Ins. Hem. p. 269, 

tab. iii, f. 8 (1859). 
Nychia marshalli, var. sappho. Kirk. Ann. Mus. Genova, xv, p. 809 

(1901). 

" Very pale green, shining, after death almost white ; elytra 



NYOHIA. 



335 



with anterior margin black. Head : crown of face brown or 
green, below the base of the forehead an almost round depression 
extending to the inner margin of the eyes; antenna pale green 
second joint clothed with long brownish hairs, fourth joint clothed 
with long silvery ones, having besides a long fringe of the same 
along the convex margin ; eyes large, dark brown ; labrum 
piceous ; rostrum, third and fourth joints black ; pronotum short 
shining, unpunctured; scutellum long, triangular; elytra pale 
green, almost white ; corium : next the embolium with an elongate 
black streak at the base and another in the middle, connected by 
the black nerve, apex with a black patch ; embolium for about 
two-thirds the length of the corium, black; anterior marginal 
nerve more or less green ; sternum yellowish or greenish sides 
thickly covered with very long, fine, black hairs; legs green, coxae 




a. Head of mature insect showing eye ; b. Underside of head ; c. Elytron. 
d. Sternum and abdomen beneath ; e. Intermediate leg ; /. Anterior 
leg ; g. Posterior leg. 

of all the pairs brownish yellow ; thighs : first and second pairs 
pitchy black, apex broadly green ; tibiae and tarsi green ; claws 
black ; third pair of thighs green, extreme base and apex on the 
inside piceous ; tibiae green, inner margin broadly black ; tarsi 
green, inner margin black and with a dense fringe of short black 
hairs ; abdomen above green, genital segments brown ; underneath 
green, base and genital segments fuscous or black." (Scott.) 

Length 2-2| lines. Length of hinder legs 3-3| lines. 

Hob. Ceylon (fide KirJcaldyJ.Mrica, ; Congo (fide KirTcaldy}. 
Europe; Corsica. 

I include this species in the Indian fauna on the state- 
ment of Kirkaldy, that he had received specimens from Ceylon 



336 APPENDIX. NOTONECTID^E. 

which he could not separate from thecotypes of N. marshalli in hi 
possession. Personally, to the time of writing I have not seen 
the species from the East, but consider there is little doubt as to 
its presence there, for Stal described a species, which may be con- 
specific with the above, from China. I have given figures, drawn 
by Mr. Knight under the microscope, of Scott's Corsican types in 
the British Museum, so as to prevent subsequent confusion. 



Subfamily PLEIN^. (Vol. Ill, p. 46.) 

Genus PLEA. (Vol. Ill, p. 47.) 
PLEA PALLESCENS. (Vol. Ill, p. 48.) 

I figure a variety of this species in which the apex of the clavus 
and the apical area of the corium is more or less piceous. 




Fig. 196. Plea pallescens, var. 

Add: Hob, E.Bengal; Eajshai (Annandale), Lucknow (Annan- 
dale). Cochin State ; Ernakulam (Annandale). 



3111. Plea pelopea, S p. n. 

Yellowish grey ; head with four dark spots, two at base of 
vertex and two at base of face*, the disk distinctly punctate; 
pronotum thickly, coarsely, reticulately punctate ; scutellum 
coarsely punctate with the basal area brownish ochraceous, the 
subapical area orange-yellow; elytra coarsely darkly punctate, 
clavus much less strongly punctate and with its apex darker, 
sometimes castaneous ; clypeus and body beneath pitchy black ; 
legs yellowish grey. 

* In these figures of Pleinss, the artist has raised the head in profile in 
order that the upper surface may be better seen. 



PLEA. 337 



Length 2 to 2 milliin. 

Hab. Bengal; Calcutta, Madupur (Paiva). 




Fig. 197. Plea pelopea. 



I have described this species with some hesitation ; it may 
prove to be an extreme variety of P. pallescens. 

3112. Plea metiadusa, 8p . n . 

Dull yellowish grey ; vertex usually without maculate markings, 
but face with a central longitudinal castaneous line which is some- 
times continued on vertex, the disk somewhat finely punctate; 




Fig. 198. Plea metiadusa. 

pronotum coarsely reticulately punctate, the anterior marginal 
area less reticulately punctate and paler than the remaining 
surface ; scutellum coarsely punctate, the basal area distinctly 
piceous ; elytra coarsely but less prominently punctate, crossed by 
two obliquely sinuate piceous fasciae, one crossing apex of clavus, 
the other near apical margin ; clypeus and body beneath black ; 
legs ochraceous. 

Length 2 millim. 

Hab. Calcutta tanks. 

VOL. T. Z 



338 



APPENDIX. XOTOXECTIPJ'E. 



Genus HELOTREPHES. 

Helotrephes, St&l, Freg. Ewj. JKesa, Ins. Hem. p. 267 (1859) ; Kirk. 
Wien. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 129 (1904). 

Type, //. semiglobosiis, Stal, from China. 

Distribution. Oriental and Malayan Eegions; China ; Madagascar. 

"Body short, obovate, strongly convexly raised, subhemi- 
spherical, subcompressed, more highly raised anteriorly than pos- 
teriorly ; head triangular, large, moderately convex, perpendicular, 
not clearly distinguishable from the thorax ; eyes of moderate size ; 
rostrum short, free, triarticulate, basal joint covered, second 
thickened, scarcely longer than broad, last joint nearly twice as 
long as the preceding ; thorax transverse, posterior margin on each 
side suboblique ; scutellum large, a third shorter than tegmiua, 
suboblongly triangular, nearly half the width of base of body ; 
tegmina cartilaginous, clavus absent ; legs simple, tarsi with two 
claws, posterior nearly twice longer than anterior. 

"Allied to Plea, body broader, much more raised, scutelknn 
larger, clavus absent, eyes smaller." (Stftl.) 

3113. Helotrephes indicus, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous, distinctly punctate, strongly deflected, vertex 
about three times as broad between eyes as medial length ; 
pronotum about one-third broader at base than long, sparingly 
coarsely punctate, more or less olivaceoiis brown, the anterior area 





Fig. \S.Helotrtplies i 



ochraceous with its posterior margin irregularly defined ; scutellum 
brownish olivaceous, its basal margin distinctly paler, coarsely 
darkly punctate ; corium dull ochraceous ; coarsely darkly punctate ; 
sternum and legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath black with the 
lateral margins ochraceous. 

Length 1| millim. 

Hal. Calcutta. Burma ; Eangoon (Annandale). 

Found at Calcutta in tanks in company with Plea pallescens, but 
much scarcer. 



CORIXIDJE. 



Family CORIXID^E. (Vol. Ill, p. 49.) 

Genus MACROCORISA. 

Macrocorisa, Thorns. Opusc. ent. i, p. 28 (1869) : Put. Synopa. i, 
p. 220 (1879) ; Wallengr. Ent. Tidskr. 1894. pp. 133 & 134 ; Oshan. 
Verz. Pal. Hem. Het. iii, p. 978 (1909). 

Macrocorixa, Buck. White, Ent. Month. Mag. x, p. 62 (1873). 

Corixa, Kirk. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxii, p. 152 (1906) ; id. Entomo- 
logist, xxxix, p. 79 (1906). 

Type, M. yeoffroyi, Leach. 

Distribution. Palaearctic and Oriental Eegions. 

This genus is to be separated from Corixa (vol. iii, p. 49) by 
the following characters, as pointed out by Buchanan White 
(supra) : 

Pronotum and elytra not rastrate. Asymmetry 

to left side in male MACROCORISA. 

Pronotum and elytra more or less rastrate. 

Asymmetry to right side in male CORIXA. 

3114. Macrocorisa geoffroyi, Leach (Corixa), Trans. Linn. Soc. xii, 
p. 17 (1818) ; Herr.-Sch. Warn. Ins. ix, p. 62, f. 914 (1853) ; 
Thorns. (Macrocorisa), Opusc. Ent. i, p. 28 (1869) ; Buch. White 
(Macrocorixa), Ent. Month. May. x, p. 76 (1873) ; Saund. 
(Corixa), Hem. Het. Brit. Islds. p. 333 (1892) ; Oshan. Verz. 
Pal. Hem.-Het. iii, p. 978 (1909). 

Corisa striata, Fall. Hem. Suec., dm. p. 181 (1826-29) ; Kirk. 
(Corixa) Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxii, p. 153 (1906). 

Corisa punctata, Burm. Handb. ii, p. 186 (1835). 

" Greenish black, entirely smooth and shining; pronotuin with 
sixteen to twenty irregular pale transverse lines ; elytra, including 




Fig. 200. Macrocorisa geoffroyi. 

the clavus and membrane, closely mottled with short vermiculate 
pale markings, irregularly punctured ; legs testaceous, front tibiae 



340 APPENDIX. CORIXID.E. 

of the c? with a spine at the apex, pake elongate, parallel-sided, 
rounded on the upper margin close to the blunt apex, lower 
margin straight, of the $ elongate, curved, pointed ; intermediate 
tibiae simple, tarsi shorter than the tibiae, claws hardly shorter 
than the tarsi " (Saunders). The head is ochraceous, as is also 
the body beneath and legs ; in most of the specimens from India 
the vertex and face have a central dark line. 

Length 13-14 millirn. 

Hob. Simla Hills; Theog and Kufri (Annandale). Yarkand 
(Stoliczka) ; and generally distributed throughout the Paleearctic 
Region. 

Genus CORIXA. (Vol. HI, p. 49.) 

In previously dealing with this genus I was only able to 
enumerate one species for British India ; I am now, principally 
owing to the exertions of Dr. Annandale, in a position to add 
seven more to the fauna, making eight in all. Of course this 
must be considered anything but final. 

3115. Corixa substriata, Uhte 'Corisa), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. xix, 
p. 275 (1896). 

" Dark brown above, testaceous on the head and beneath, form 
of C. striata, Fieber. Head moderately blunt, the vertex wide, 
coarsely carinated, and with an acuminated brown callosity on 
the middle of the posterior margin, each side of the carina is an 
impressed, punctate line, another near the eye and an indentation, 
each side, next the occipital reflexed border ; face moderately 
convex, hairy below, highly polished; pronotum dark brown, 
moderately short, triangularly rounded behind, radiated, crossed 
by seven somewhat curved, slender yellow lines, of which the two 
discoidal ones are sometimes interrupted at the inner end, apex 
with a very short yellow line, the margins dark brown, the middle 
anteriorly with a short callous carina, the lateral pieces narrow 
triangular, ivory-white; legs pale testaceous, fringe of the 
posterior tarsi blackish, palae of the male narrower than in the 
female, falcate, a little curved towards tip, with the tibiae thick 
and curved; wing-coverts dark brown, rastrate, base of clavus 
crossed by about six yellow, nearly entire and straight lines, the 
remainder is marked with short wavy bands decreasing to a single 
series towards tip ; corium with two or three series of well 
separated wavy bands ; membrane with the flexed bands shorter, 
less regular and more widely separated, sutures all pale yellow ; 
embolium yellowish white, terminated by an aggregation of 
blackish marks in a long spot which is connected with a slender 
series of points which sometimes extend back to near the base ; 
venter pale testaceous ; facial fovea of the male subtriangular, 
short, narrow, shallow." (UJiler.) 

Length 5|-6 millim. 



CORTXA. 341 

Hah. Simla Hills ; Theog (Annandale-). Nepal ; Khatmandu 
Sikhim ; Gaugtok, 6150 ft. Naini Tal (Ind. Mus.). Bengal 
Asansol (Paiva $ Gaunter). Ceylon ; Hakgala (Green).- Japan' 
(Letvis, Coll. Disl.). 

3116. Corixa promontoria, 8 p. n. 

Head ochraceous, prominent, considerably longer than width 
at base between eyes, about half as long as breadth of anterior 
margin of pronotum, with a central longitudinal ridge from the 
base of which a more obscure roundly oblique ridge proceeds on 
each side extending along the inner margins of the eyes ; pronotum 
brownish ochraceous with about six transverse black lines, the 
lateral margins short and obtusely roundly angulate ; the posterior 
margin moderately but distinctly convex ; elytra brownish ochra- 
ceous mottled with blackish markings, those on the clavus being 




Fig. 201. Corixa promontoria. 

distinctly more linear and transverse, the costal margin broadly 
paler, on posterior half finely irregularly mottled with blackish ; 
body beneath and legs more or less pale ochraceous ; face long 
and of almost regular width throughout; posterior tarsi longer 
than the tibiae and on upper surface streaked with black. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hob. Lucknow (Ind. Mus.). Arnmangarh, Nairn Tal (hid. 



The salient character of this species is found in the long and 
prominent head. 

3117. Corixa affinis, sp. n. 

Allied to the preceding species C. promontoria, but differing in 
the following characters : The head is shorter and broader, being 
about as long as breadth between eyes, on the facial region the 
inner margins of the eyes are more apically inturned, the face 



342 APPENDIX. 

being thus of less regular width ; the posterior tarsi are streaked 
with pale fuscous rather than black. 




Fig. 202. Corixa affinis. 

Length 6 rnillirn. 

Hab. Nepal ; Khatmandu and Chonebal (Ind. Mas.). Bengal ; 
Katihar, Purneah Distr. (Paiva). Simla Hills ; Theog (Annan- 
dale). 

3118. Corixa lima, sp. n. 

Head pale ochraceous, about as long as breadth between eyes, 
strongly centrally longitudinally ridged, the ridge a little angularly 
produced backward at basal margin, anterior margin rounded, 
almost in a line with the outer margins of the eyes, which are 




Fig. 203. Corixa lima. 

dark castaneous, broadly transverse, their apices subacute and 
directed backward beyond and over the anterior pronotal angles ; 
pronotum pale ochraceous with light transverse castaneous lines, 
the lateral margins short and somewhat distinctly angulate; 
elytra psle ochraceous thickly mottled with castaneous, the 



COHIXA. 343 

markings on the clavus being more linear and transverse, costal 
margin broadly stramineous, somewhat mottled with piceous near 
apex; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; posterior tarsi 
more or less shaded with piceous. 

Length millim. 

Hab. Bombay {Dixori). 

A species to be structurally differentiated by the transverse 
projecting eyes, and to be recognised by its pale coloration. 

3119. Corixa apparens, sp. u. 

Head ochraceous, strongly centrally longitudinally ridged, some- 
what narrow, a little longer than broad at base between eyes, 
slightly produced backwardly at base; eyes transverse, narrow, 
moderately projecting beyond and behind the anterior pronotal 
angles j pronotum pitchy brown, unicoloroiu, without transverse 
lines, posterior margin obliquely subacute, lateral margins short, 
suboblique ; elytra pale ochraceous mottled with piceous, the 




Fig. 204. Corixa a-pparens, 

mottlings on the clavus more linear and transverse, costal margin 
broadly stramineous, narrowly bordered on each side with a black 
line ; membranal apical margins black ; body beneath and legs 
very pale ochraceous ; posterior tarsi broadly streaked above with 
black. 

Length 5i millim. 

Hab. Calcutta (AiwandaU). 

This species differs from all others here and thus for enumerated 
by the unicolorous not fasciate pronotum. 



3120. Corixa distorta, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous, the lateral and basal margins distinctly 
pitchy black, longer than breadth at base between eyes, which are 
very large and project over the anterior angles of the pronotuin ; 
pronotum brownish ochraceous with about ten transverse blackish 



344 APPENDIX. COBIXIDvE. 

lines, some of which are distorted, about twice as broad between 
the humeral angles as medial length, the basal margin angularly 
convex ; elytra ochraceous mottled with dark castaneous, the 
costal margin broadly pale ochraceous mottled with castaneous ou 




Fig. 205. Corixa distorta. 

its posterior area ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; face 
margined with piceous, rounded at base, subobliquely widening 
between eyes ; posterior tarsi streaked above with black. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hob. Nepal ; Pharping. 

A species to be distinguished by the narrow, blackly margined 
head, the numerous transverse blackish lines to the pronotum, 
&c. 

3121. Corixa verecunda, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous, distinctly longer than breadth at base between 
eyes, which are large and project beyond the anterior angles of the 




Fig. 206. Corixa verecunda. 

pronotum ; pronotum ochraceous with about five transverse blackish 
lines, about twice as broad between humeral angles as the medial 



MICEONBOTA. 345 

length, the posterior margin subangularly convex ; elytra ochra- 
ceous mottled with castaneous, the costal margin broadly pale 
ochraceous shaded with castaneous on its apical area; body be- 
neath and legs ochraceous, face with the lateral margins straight 
not oblique ; posterior tarsi streaked above with blackish. 

Length 5| millim. 

Hob. Nepal ; Khatmandu. 

Allied to the preceding species by the narrower head, but 
differing by the head and face not margined with blackish and by 
the latter having the lateral margins straight and parallel, not 
oblique, the fewer transverse blackish lines to the pronotum, &c. 

Genus MICRONECTA. (Vol. Ill, p. 50.) 

Only two species were included when previously enumerating 
those of Micronecta as found in British India. Fourteen are now 
added, bringing up the total to sixteen species. Three of these 
were described and figured by Fieber under the locality " Ost- 
indien." These I then hesitated to include on such a loose 
habitat without corroboration, but as some of my colleagues have 
dissented from that restriction I have followed their opinion, 
especially as of the four described by Fieber I have now received 
two species. Figures are given of the species described as new. 
Fieber has figured his ; and the only problems are those described 
by Kirkaldy, which are in some cases insufficiently diagnosed and 
which I have had no opportunity of seeing. 

3122. Micronecta lucina, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous ; eyes black ; pronotum, scutellum and elytra 
olivaceous-brown marked with pitchy-black fasciate lines ; pro- 
notum with two transverse lines, the anterior one broken in the 




Fig. 207. Micronecta lucina. 



middle; scutellum with a transverse fasciate line near base; 
clavus with three oblique fasciate lines on each side, the outermost 
marginal ; corium with four longitudinal fasciate lines, the outer- 
most and innermost united before apex, two lateral marginal line*. 
the intervening paler space between them a little notched near 



346 . APPENDIX. COJUXID.S. 

middle, the apical margin also pitchy black ; body beneath and 
legs pale ochraceous, posterior tarsi streaked with blackish ; head 
between eyes nearly twice as broad as medially long, moderately 
centrally longitudinally ridged and with a small central tubercle at 
base. 

Length 2^ millim. 

Hub. Bengal; Madhapur (Paiva), Calcutta, Canning, Rajshai 
(Annandale) ; N. Dacca, .Fenapore (Brit. Mus.~). Malabar ; Cochin 
State, Ernakulam (Annandale). Ceylon ; AVeligama (Fletcher}. 

At Calcutta this species has been taken at light ; at Canning 
Dr. Annandale found it in brackish-water pools. 

3123. Micronecta thelxinae, Kirk. Entomol. News, xvi, p. 262 (1905). 

" Head and underside pallid. Pronotum and scutellum dark 
brownish grey, tegmina pale flavo-griseous, the pronotum very 
narrowly pallidly margined, tegmina ornamented with pale 
brownish somewhat as in M. siva, Kirk. [=J/. striata, Fieb., 
vol. iii, p. 50], but more faintly. Head a little longer than the 
pronotum, the latter being elongate, elliptical, lateral margins 
very short (meeting actually laterally in an acute angle). Meso- 
xyphus rounded posteriorly. Intermediate femur about one- 
seventh longer than the tibia, tarsus, and claw together ; tibia 
one-half longer than tarsus, which is slightly more than half the 
length of a claw." (Kirkaldy.} 

" Length 2 millim." 

Hal. Ceylon (fide Kirkaldy). 

I have not seen any species which corresponds with this 
description. 



3124. Micronecta lineata, Fieb. (Sigara) Ent. Monorjr. p. 15, pi. i, 

fig. 25 (1844). 

Micronecta notata, Kirk. Entomol. News, xvi, p. 261 (1905). 
Micronecta M-notata, Kirk. Canad. Ent. xl, p. 209 (1908). 

" Blackish grey with fine lines ; pronotum blackish grey with 
darker marginal and median lines ; corium with three longi- 
tudinal lines connected at base, the outer one united with a 
submarginal line in the middle, marginal area with fine spots. 
Blackish-grey ; head yellowish-white with two dashes above the 
triangular column of the face, on the vertex between and at 
the eyes a blackish line ; pronotum blackish grey with darker 
lines in middle and on the front and hiud margins ; from the 
base of clavus a forked line running obliquely towards tip of 
pronotum, on terminal margin a fine line which in terminal angle 
unites with a line at terminal suture forking from the middle and 
running towards the base of clavus, marginal area with four 
or five marginal spots ; corium with three brown lines widened at 
end and connected by a line at terminal suture, the outer curved 



MICEONECTA. 347 

line united with a bent submarginal line at the middle ; underside 
and legs yellowish white, coxae blackish." (Fieber.) 

Length 1 lines." 

Hal>. Ostindien " (Dr. Heifer). 

I have not seen this species. 

3125. Micronecta malabarica, Kirk. Canad. Entomol. xl, p. 209 

(1908) 

"The general characters are those of M. albifrons, Motsch. [ = 
M. striata, Fieb. vol. iii, p. 50], but the tegminal picturatiou is 
very faint ; there is no trace of a transverse line on the distinctly 
longer pronotum, and the interior margin of the vertex is also 
in a direct line with that of the eyes." (Kirkaldy.) 

"Length 4 inillim." 

Hab. Malabar Coast (fide Kirlcaldy). 

I have not seen this species. 

3126. Micronecta minthe, S p. n. 

Head ochraceous with frequently a darker suffusion at base, 
where there is a small indistinct central tubercle ; eyes black ; 
pronotum and scutellum olivaceous brown ; elytra olivaceous 
brown, the lateral margins distinctly paler and containing three 




Fig. 208. Micronecta minthe. 

linear dark spots, the disk showing three more or less distinct 
dark longitudinal fasciate lines ; clavus sometimes with the 
anterior margin broadly paler; body beueath and legs pale 
ochraceous ; apex of clypeus and streaks to posterior tarsi 
black ; head shorter than breadth at base between eyes, sub- 
equal in length to pronotum, anterior margin almost in a line 
with the outer margin of the eyes. 

Length 2| to 3 millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Calcutta (Paiva), Sara Ghat (Jenkins), Eajshai 
(Annandale), Tinpahar near Eajmahal (Annandale). Orissa ; 
Puri Distr. (Annandale'). Travaucore ; W. Ghats, Vembanaad 
Lake, Quilon (Annandale). Ceylon; Peradeniya(GVem),Dikwela, 
Hambantota, Tangalle, Weligama (Bainbrigge-Fletclitr). 



348 APPENDIX. COBIXID^E. 

Iii several respects this species seems to agree with some of the 
characters given in the very short description by Kirkaldy of his 
M. malabarica (supra), but it is a considerably smaller insect and 
no mention is made of the distinct dark linear spots to the pale 
costal margin of the elytra. 

This species comes to light at Calcutta. Dr. Annandale found 
it in pools at edges of the Kiver Ganges. 



3127. Micronecta dione, sp. n. 

Head pale ochraceous with a central pale cabtaueous longitudinal 
line, which is continued on the face between the eyes, above 
frequently with a more indistinct pale castaneous line near the 
inner margins of the eyes; pronotum pitcby black with the 
posterior margin pale ochraceous ; elytra blackish grey, the costal 
margin and margins of the clavus (anterior margin broadly) pale 
ochraceous, the costal margin with at least two linear dark spots, 




Fig.^209. Micronecta dionc. 

apical spot to clavus and four more or less broken iasciate lines to 
corium pitchy black ; body beneath and legs very pale ochraceous, 
apex of clypeus broadly black ; head nearly twice as broad at base 
between eyes as medial length and almost as long as pronotum, 
which has an obscure central longitudinal ridge. r 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Asansol (Paiva $ Gaunter), Calcutta (Paiva). 

Comes to light at Calcutta. 



3128. Micronecta proba, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous ; pronotum, scutellum, and elytra dark oliva- 
ceous brown ; posterior margin of the pronotum (narrowly), 
anterior margins of clavus, claval suture (very narrowly), and 
lateral margins of elytra ochraceous, the latter containing near 
middle a longitudinal broken piceous line ; body beneath and legs 



MIORONECTA. 349 

ochraceous ; head almost twice as broad at base between eyes as 
medial length, shorter than pronotum, with a more or less 
distinct central longitudinal ridge and an obscure tubercle near 
base ; elytra with four obscure darker longitudinal fasciate lines ; 




Fig. 210. Micronecta proba. 

posterior tarsi streaked with piceous ; face frequently with a 
castaneous central line, the clypeus castaneous. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Calcutta, Eajshai (Annandale) ; Lucknow. 
Burma ; Mandalay (Annandale). 

In some varieties of this species the colour is more ashen-grey 
than olivaceous-brown, and the fasciate lines to the elytra are 
more indistinct and broken ; the broken piceous line in the pale 
ochraceous lateral margin of the elytra is frequently more pro- 
minently dislocated and exhibits two distinct lineate spots. 



3129. Micronecta thyesta, P . n. 

Allied to the preceding species M.proba, but smaller in size, 
the dark coloration more ashen-grey than olivaceous-brown, the 




Fig. 211. Micronecta thyesta. 



anterior margin of the clavus only obscurely ochraceous, the 
fasciate dark lines to the elytra fewer and more broken ; head 



350 APPENDIX. OORIXIDJE. 

broader between the eyes where it is distinctly twice as broad as 
long, almost as long as pronotum, which is shorter and more 
transverse than in M. proba and without the pale basal margin ; 
elytra with a more or less distinctly continuous piceous fasciate 
line on the lateral pronotal margins. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Bengal ; Madhupur. 

3130. Micronecta issa, sp. n. 

Head dull ochraceous ; pronotum and scutellum castaneous 
brown ; elytra castaneous brown, the apical and sublateral areas 
of the corium irregularly paler in hue, lateral margin for about 




Fig. 212. Micronecta issa. 

two-thirds its length pale ochraceous and containing four brown 
spots ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; head medially more 
than half as long as breadth at base between eyes, as long as pro- 
notum, with two raised lines between the eyes, roundly united 
anteriorly and posteriorly obliquely uniting at a small central 
tubercle. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hob. Calcutta (Ind. Miis.). Travancore; Nedumangad near 
Trivandrum (Annandale). 



3131. Micronecta grisea, Fieb. (Sigara) Ent. Monogr. p. 14, pi. i, 
f. 21 (1844) ; Kirk- (Micronecta) Entomol News, xvi, p. 261 
(1905). 

" Yellowish grey ; an angular stripe on clavus, a streak and a 
dot at base of corium, a A-shaped mark on middle of corium, 
followed behind by a streak and dot, blackish. A large species : 
above yellowish grey ; pronotum blackish grey, posteriorly pale 
margined ; on middle of clavus an oblique angularly broken 
blackish stripe, in base of corium a dot and a longitudinal streak, 
on middle outward a A-shaped mark, followed posteriorly and 
inwardly by a streak and a dot at inner angle ; the somewhat 



MICBONECTA. 351 

distinctly separated membrane on the right tegruen shining, 
hyaline ; underside and legs yellowish white." (Fieber.) 

Length " H line." 

Hob. " Ostmdien " (Dr. Heifer). 

I have not seen this species. 

3132. Micronecta memonides, Kirk. EntomoL News, xvi, p. 262 
(1905). 

" Head pallid. Pronotum aud tegmina dark smoky brown with 
purplish reflections, lateral margins more or less pallid. Under- 
side black, except trochanters, femora, tibiae, tarsi and claws, and 
posterior margin of abdomen, all of which are pallid. Tegmina 
smooth and polished. Head a little longer than pronotum, 
rounded in front. Pronotum elongate elliptical, lateral margins 
about as long as half the width of the posterior margin of an eye. 
Alesoxyphus rounded. Intermediate tarsus nearly twice as long 
as the tibia, which is subequal to a claw. Subcostal furrow much 
as in M. vanduzeei (from the Philippines)." (Kirkaldy.) 

" Length a little less than 2 millim." 

Hob. Ceylon (fide KMcdldy). 

I have not seen this small species. It seems to be peculiar by 
the black underside of the bodv. 



3133. Micronecta punctata, Fieb. (Sigara) Ent. Monogr. p. 15, pi. i, 
f. 26 (1844) ; Kirk. (Micronecta) EntomoL News, xvi, p. 261 
(1905). 

Head ochraceous ; pronotum and scutellum shining ochraceous 
brown ; elytra greyish brown, anterior margins of the clavus and 
the lateral marginal area of the corium pale ochraceous, the latter 
with three elongate blackish spots ; clavus and corium with 
scattered black punctate spots, at apex of membranal area two 
darker transverse fasciae divided by a series of blackish punctures ; 
body beneath and legs more or less ochraceous ; head about as 
long as pronotum and about half as long as basal width between 
eyes. 
* Length 3 to 3| millim. 

Hob. Orissa ; Sur Lake, Puri Distr. (Annandale). Travancore ; 
Vembanaad Lake (Annandale). 

I have seen two specimens, one from each of the two above 
localities, which seem to agree well with Fieber's figure. 



3134. Micronecta merope, sp. n. 

Head ochraceous, the eyes black ; pronotum castaneous-brown ; 
scutellum ochraceous ; elytra olivaceous brown with small scat- 
tered black spots, the lateral margins and the anterior third of the 



352 APPENDIX. COHmDjB. 

clavus ocbraceous ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous ; head 
large, longer than half the breadth at base between eyes, about as 
long as pronotum and scutellurn together, with a central impressed 
longitudinal line and a distinct tubercle at base ; pronotum 




r 

Fig. 213. Micronecta merope. 

transverse and narrow, the lateral margins very short; elytra 
with the lateral margins moderately convexly rounded. 

Length 3 millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Canning (Annandale), Eajshai (Annandale). 

Dr. Annandale at Canning found this species in "brackish- 
water pools "; at Eajshai in " tanks." 

3135. Micronecta dsedala, sp. n. 

Length of head a little more than half the breadth between 
eyes, ochraceous, a small central dark tubercle at base ; pro- 
notum short, transverse, medial length about one-third the breadth 
between humeral angles, lateral margins very short, obtusely 




Fig. 214. Micronccta dadala. 

angulate, dark umber-brown ; scutellum ochraceous ; elytra dull 
ochraceous, distinctly punctate ; clavus (excluding anterior margin), 
more than anterior half of corium (excluding basal halves of 
marginal and submarginal areas), membranal margins, and a 



MICBONECTA. 353 

spot before apex fuscous-brown; body beneath and legs ochraceous, 
abdomen beneath suffused with fuscous-brown ; intermediate claws 



Ion 



ig- 

Length 2 millitn. 

Hob. N.E. Himalayas ; Kurseong, 5000 ft. (Annandale). 



With this volume terminates the enumeration and description 
of the Heteroptera of British India. Since the first part of the 
Appendix was published, species have been described by other 
writers in the Families therein included, and other undescribed 
species have been received by myself. Some have been described 
since the earlier pages of this volume went to press. It is 
impossible to go back again on the old ground, and I look 
forward to continuing additions to the Heteroptera in some other 
publication. 

The Appendix to the Homoptera has still to be written and will 
form Vol. VI of the Ehynchotal series and finish this subject in the 
volumes of the ' Fauna of British India.' 



VOL,Y. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



Abanus, 81. 


amorosus (Antilochus), 


Armachanus, 281. 


Abdastavtus, 103. 


94. 


Armatillus, 97. 


aberrans (Belostoma), 


Ainpbiareus, 300. 


armipes (Irantha), 217. 


328. 


anak (Plcearia), 180. 


Armulphus, 296. 


aberrans (Calphurnia), 


Aneurus, 131. 


Arocatus, 10. 


175. 


angulatus (Belenus), 


Aserytnus, 245. 


Abibalus, 269. 


117. 


Aspilocoryphus, 8. 


Abulfeda, 95. 


Anisops, 332. 


assuanensis (Leptopns), 


Acanthaspidinas, 189. 


annandalei (Breden- 


224. 


Acanthaspis, 193. 
Acanthobracbys, 219. 


bachius), 120. 
annandalei (Lygus), 


Astacops, 2. 
aterrimus (Antbocoris), 


Acratheus, 284. 


254. 


296. 


acutangula (Aulaco- 


annandalei (Microvelia), 


atprrinius (Arnulphus), 


genia), 186. 


140. 


296. 


Adauctus, 65. 


annulicornis (G-eocoris), 


aterrimus (Oncocepha- 


admistus (Maraumldus), 


25. 


lus), 186. 


55. 


annulipes (Anthocoris), 


Atkiusonianus, 90. 


adumbratus (Thermus), 


299. 


atratus (Tirnasius), 130. 


258. 


antemissus (Aradus), 


atricapilla (Scadra), 198. 


^thalotus, 2. 


129. 


atroinaculatus (Ischno- 


affinis (Corixa), 341. 


antennata (Megalo- 


demus), 22. 


afzelii (^Ethalotus), 2. 


cersea), 234. 


atropha (Ranatra), 316. 


Agunga, 58. 


Anthocoridae, 295. 


Aulacogeuia, 186. 


Aidoneus, 125. 


Anthocoris, 296, 298. 


aurif'era (Potamiaena), 


Aidoneusaria, 125. 


Antilochus, 94. 


61. 


albatus (Euscopus), 94. 
albof'asciatus (Sycauus), 


Antiopula, 196. 
Antipalocoris, 334. 


Axi .kersos, 124. 
Axiokersosaria, 124. 


208. 


Antiphilus, 272. 


Azizus, 273. 


albomaculata (Micro- 


antrami (Mystilus), 




Telia), 138. 


233. 


Badezorus, 283. 


albopilosus (Lasiomiris), 
234. 


Aphaninae, 46. 
Aphanus, 67. 


badgleyi (Henrieho- 
habnia), 217. 


aliena (Velocipeda), 
220. 


Apocaucus, 184. 
Apollodotus, 247. 


badgleyi (Sphedano- 
lestes), 205. 


alienus (Godefridus), 
220. 


apparens (Corixa), 343. 
aquarius (Ventidius), 


baerensprungi (Sastra- 
pada), 185. 


Allceorbynchus, 218. 


157. 


Bagauda, 176. 


Allbmastix, 186. 


Aradidse, 128. 


barbatus (Henico- 


Almeida, 300. 
auiicus (Antiphilus), 


Aradus, 128. 
Arbela, 219. 


cephalus), 167. 
Bardesanes, 187. 


273. 


Aretas, 242, 


basilicas (Azizus), 274. 


AmmianuB, 115. 


Aristobulus, 285. 


Belenus, 115. 



356 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



bellicus (Henicocepha- 


Cadatnustus, 108. 


Compseuta, 105. 


lus), 168. 


Cadmilos, 107. 


conchatus (Dulinius), 


bellus (Ebutius), 229. 


Caenocoris, 12. 


110. 


Belostoma, 328. 


Calocoris, 253. 


consanguineus (Breden- 


Belostomatidae, 328. 


Calphurnia, 173. 


bachius), 119. 


bengalensis (Aphanus), 


Camptobrochis, 260. 


Consivius, 11. 


69. 

bengalensis (Belenus), 


Camptotylaria, 283. 
Cantacader, 100. 


conspicatus (Elthemus), 
243. 


117. 


capitatus (Hyrcanus), 


continctus (Arocatus), 


bengalensis (Diniella), 63. 


134. 


10. 


beugalensis (Epirodera), 


Capsida:, 228. 


convictionis (Bhodoclia), 


190. 


Cardiastethus, 300. 


93. 


bengalensis (Hebrus), 


carduelis, var. post humus 


coprologus (Physo- 


132. 


(Pyrrhopeplus), 97. 


rhynchus), 195. 


bengalensis (Heleocoris), 


carinulatus (Lethaeus), 


coqueberti (Antilochus), 


323. 


78. 


94. 


bengalicus (Lygus), 256. 


centralis (Dermatinus), 


coriaceus (Scantius), 99. 


bicolor (Pbaenacantba), 


98. 


Corixa, 339, 340. 


32. 


Centrocnemis, 189. 


Corixidse, 339. 


biroi (Phaenacantha), 30. 


Ceratocombidae, 226. 


corniculata (Aulaco- 


biseratensis (Lygus), 


Ceratocombus, 226. 


genia), 186. 


238. 


ceromatica (Mahisa), 


cornutus (Opisthoplatys), 


biseratensis (Mega- 


46. 


183. 


ccelum), 238. 


ceylanicus (Blapto- 


corticalis (Lasiochilus), 


bistillata (Acauthaspis), 


stethus), 308. 


302. 


193. 


Chauliopinae, 34. 


costalis (Harpactor), 


blandula (Lispocbroa), 


Chauliops, 34. 


203. 


90. 


chelonia (Gismunda), 


costalis (Phatnoma), 


Blaptostethus, 308. 


263. 


102. 


Blissinaj, 17. 


cicindeloides (Leptopus), 


costatus (Lygus), 255. 


bombayensis (Acan- 


224. 


crassa (Agunga), 58. 


tbaspis), 194. 


Cimex, 227. 


crassiceps (Lethjeus), 77. 


boopis (Leptopus), 223. 
Borboropbyes, 314. 


Cimicidae, 227. 
cinchonas (Helopeltis), 


crassiceps (Rhyparo- 
chromus), 77. 


Botocudo, 62. 


248 


crassicornis (Gallo- 


bowringi (Sphedano- 


cingulatus (Cimex), 293. 


belicus), 280. 


lestes), 205. 


cingulatus (Dysdercus), 


crinitus (Phytocoris), 


breddini (Anisops), 333. 


100. 


251. 


Bredenbachius, 119. 
breviceps (Heleocoris), 


cingulatus (Lopus), 293. 
Cinnamus, 230. 


crocatus (Cydnocoris), 
209. 


320. 


clarus (Septicius), 296. 


cuneata (Pamerana), 


brevicollis (Poeantius), 


clathratus (Thurselinus), 


53. 


75. 


327. 


cuneatus (Jannaetis), 


brevicornis (Fulvius), 


clavatus (Hyalopeplus), 


118. 


293. 


250. 


cuneatus (Prodromus), 


bruuettii (Megaccelum), 


claviraanus (Cimex), 98. 


246. 


237. 


Cligenes, 62. 


cupreus (Adauctus), 65. 


bullions (Malala), 101. 
bullita(0ochlochila),123. 


coleoptratus (Cerato- 
combus), 226. 


custodiendus (Jucundus), 
145. 


bullita (Monanthia), 123. 


collaris (Allaeorbynchus), 


custos (Ures), 150. 


burnmnicusfEurycvrtusX 


218. 


Cyminae, 15. 


251. 


collaris (Graptostethus), 


Cymoninus, 15. 


burmanicus (Paracolo- 


7. 


Cymus, 16. 


coris), 251. 


collaris (Sycanus), 207, 




burmanicus (Usilanus), 


208. 




83. 


collinus (Consivius), 11. 


daedala (Micronecta), 


burmanus (Jucundus), 


Colobathristinae, 30. 


352. 


146. 


coloratus (Abanus), 


decoloratus (Lygus), 255. 


burmanus (Phlegyas), 43. 


82. 


decorus (Baguada), 176. 


burmanus, var. singa- 


communis (Euoclus), 


delicatula (Eeduvius), 


lensis (Teracrius), 13. 


163. 


191. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



357 



deliueatus (Breden- 
bachius), 119. 


Ectrychotes, 200. 
Edocla, 196. 


formidabilis (Euratas), 
154. 


denotatus (Usilanus), 
84. 
dentate (Phyllontochila), 


Elasmognathus, 122. 
elegantulus (Janias), 149. 
elongatus (Heleocoris), 


formidabilis (Polytoxus) 
182. 
forsteri (Scantius), 98. 


116. 
dentatus (Belenus), 116. 


324. 

elongatus (Laccotrephes), 


fossarum (Gerris), 142. 
foveatus (Gerastratus), 


Dermatinus, 97. 


313. 


161. 


deustus (Lygasus), 98. 
devinctus (Lygus), 257. 


Elthemus, 243. 
Elymas, 178. 


fraterculus (Sphedano- 
lestes), 204. 


deyrollei (Belostoma), 


emersoni (Pamera), 50. 


fulgida (Agunga), 59. 


328. 
deyrollei (Centrocnemis), 


Emesinse, 171. 
Enithares, 329. 


fulvescens (Amphiareus), 


189. 


Entisberus, 59. 


fulrescens (Cardi- 


Diaditus, 186. 
Diaphorocoris, 319. 


eous (Lygaeus), 6. 
Epibomius, 35. 


astethus), 300. 
Fulvidius, 276. 


Dieuches, 71. 
dignatus (Aradus), 128. 


Epirodera, 190. 
erebus (Dermatinus), 97. 


funereus (Sejanus), 292. 


Dilasia, 302. 


erebus (Eurycyrtus), 




diluta (Microvelia), 139. 




galbanus (Sycanus), 207. 


diluta (Staccia), 185. 


erebus (Isehnodemus), 


Galchana, 297. 


dilutus (Macropes), 17. 


22. 


gallaruui (Stephanitis), 


dimidiatus (Csenocoris), 


erebus (Paracalocoris), 


108. 


12. 


251. 


Gallobelgicus, 216. 


Dindymus, 97. 


Eremocoris, 84. 


Gallobelicus, 280. 


Diniella, 63. 


errabundus (Allomastix), 


Gardena, 181. 


Dinomachus, 39. 


186. 


gemellus (Lygus), 255. 


Dioclerus, 278. 


errabundus (Diaditus), 


Geocorinae, 23. 


dione (Micronecta), 348. 


186. 


Geocoris, 23. 


Diophantus, 252. 
discriminatus (Serebasus), 


erraticus (Eremocoris), 
84. 


geoffroyi (Macrocorisa) 
339. 


275. 


erutus (Borborophyes), 


Gerastratus, 160. 


dissimilis (Aidoneus). 


315. 


Germalus, 29. 


126. 
distanti (Eanatra), 317. 


erythropus (Harpactor), 
203. 


germana (Irantha), 217. 
germanus (Halobates), 


distorta (Oorixa), 343. 


Esmun, 41. 


152. 


diversus (Nicostratus), 


Euagoras, 209. 


Gerrinae, 141. 


269. 


Eucosmetus, 54. 


Gerris, 142. 


dixoni (Salda), 221. 


Euhemerus, 42. 


Gestroiella, 318. 


dohertyi (Megalocersea), 


Euodus, 162. 


glebula (Indra), 99. 


234. 


euonymus (Urentius), 


globulifera (Monanthia), 


domitus (Eltheinus), 


114. 


123. 


244. 


Euratas, 154. 


Glossopelta, 127. 


Dortus, 279. 


Eurycyrtus, 251. 


Godefridus, 220. 


Druthmarus, 245. 


Euscopus, 94. 


goedeli (Nagusta), 213. 


dubreuili (Geocoris), 24. 


exigutis (Paromius), 50. 


Gonsalvus, 91. 


dubreuilli (Diaphoro- 
coris), 319. 


exornatus (Campto- 
brochis), 260. 


grandis (Iphita), 94. 
grandis (Physopelta), 94. 


dudgeoni (Aphanus), 68. 




Graptostethus, 7. 


dudgeoni (Glossopelta), 


Fabatus, 155. 


greeni (Aneurus), 131. 


127. 
dudgeoni (Nerthus), 33. 


iallax (Chauliops), 34. 
fasciata (Gardena), 181. 


greeni (Germalus), 29. 
greeni (Ehaphidosoma), 


Dulinius, 110. 


feana (Luteva), 176. 


202. 


dux (Nacebus), 166. 


fenestell us (Geocoris), 25. 


greeni (Valleriola), 224. 


dux (Zalmunna), 232. 


fidelis (Sapinnius), 259. 


grisea (Micronecta). 


Dysdercus, 100. 


filius (Aristobulus), 286. 


350. 




flavidipes (Malcus), 32. 


griseus (Laccotrophes), 




flavomarginata (Kani- 


314. 


Ebutius, 228. 


gara), 66. 


griseus (Nepa), 314. 


Ectatops, 94. 


flavus (Holoptilus), 170. 


gubernator (Zonodorus), 


Ectrichodiinaj, 196. 


fletcheri (Salda), 222. 


271. 



358 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



guerini (Lophocepbala), 


incerta (Lophocephala), 


lanarius (Eurycyrtus), 


202. 


202. 


251. 


Guionius, 199. 


inconspicuus (Nyaius), 


lanarius (Paracalocoris), 


Guithera, 176. 


14. 


251. 




inconstans (Salda), 221. 


Lanca, 212. 


hsematogaster (Ectry- 


indecoru3 (Euacopus), 95. 


laneus (Apocaucus), 185. 


chotes), 200. 


indecorus var. atiguiati- 


Larginae, 92. 


baemorrboidalia (Eedu- 


cus (Euxopua), 95. 


Lasiocbalus, 302. 


vius), 203. 


indicatus (JEthalotus), 3. 


Lasiocbilus, 302. 


Halobates, 152. 


indicatua (Guionius), 


Lasiomiris, 234. 


hampsoni (Macracan- 


199. 


latua (Eubemerus), 42. 


tbopsia), 209. 


indicus (Anthocoris), 


lef'royi (Compseuta), 106. 


Hapa, 302. 


299. 


Lemniua, 60. 


Harpactor, 203. 


indicus ( Dinomachus), 40. 


lepcba (Gerris), 142. 


Harpactorinas, 202. 


indicus (Eremocoris), 84. 


Leptonieris, 298. 


Harpedona, 229. 


indicus (Helotreplies), 


Leptonannua, 226. 


Hebridse, 132. 


338. 


Leptopinse, 223. 


hebroides (Merragata), 


ludoelum, 240. 


Leptopus, 223. 


133. 


Indra, 99. 


Lethaeus, 77. 


Hebrus, 132. 


internalis (Velia), 137. 


leucodernia (Macropea), 


Heleocoria, 320. 


inornatus (Lemnius), 60. 


18. 


Helopeltis, 248. 


insignia (Gestroiella), 


leucomesus (Sycanus), 


Helotrepbes, 338. 


318. 


207. 


Henicoeephalidae, 167. 
Henicocephalus, 167. 


insignia (Megacceluui), 
235. 


Libavius, 198. 
Hbertus (Stecbus), 241. 


Henricbohabnia, 217. 


insignia (Ninus), 15. 


Licbenobia, 226. 


herdmani (Halobates), 


institutus (Sabactus), 


lima (Corixa), 342. 


153. 


293. 


linipida (Njcbia), 334. 


Heterogastrinae, 34. 


Irantha, 217. 


lineata (Micronecta), 346. 


bimalayanus (Kheumato- 


lacbnodemua, 22. 


lineaticeps (Antilocbus), 


trecbus), 151. 


Isdegardes, 192. 


94. 


bimalayensis (Spbedano- 


Isometopina, 293. 


lineaticollis (Lasiomiris), 


lestes), 206. 


issa (Micronecta), 350. 


234. 


hirsntus (Geocoris), 27. 




lineatipes (Acanthaspis), 


Holoptilina3, 169. 




193. 


Holoptilus, 170. 


Janias, 148. 


lineatipes (Antilocbus), 


borni (^Etbalotus), 2. 


Jannseus, 117. 


94. 


horni (Dieucbes), 71. 
Horniella, 304. ' 


javanica (Irantba). 217. 
Jehania, 293. 


lineatus (Pceantiua), 75. 
lineolata (Glossopelta), 


borrida (Scipinia), 217. 


Jucundua, 145. 


127. 


borrifer (Klinophilos), 


jucundus (Geocoris), 28. 


linnsei (Physorhyncbus), 


227. 




201. 


hortensia (Guithera), 




Liocoridea, 263. 


177. 


kaligbatua (Geocoris), 26. 


Liocoridia, 263. 


humeralis (Breden- 


kandyenais (Lanca), 213. 


Lipogomphus, 133. 


bachius),121. 


kandyensis (Scbottus), 


Lippotnanus, 300. 


bumeralis (Galcbana), 


201. 


Lispochroa. 89. 


298. 
Hyalopeplua, 250. 


kangricus (Aphanus), 67. 
Kanigara. 66. 


literatus (Diopbantus), 
253. 


Hydrometridffi, 137. 


karenia ( Uzza), 75. 


lobatula (Cbauliops), 34. 


Hyrcanus, 134. 


kinbergi (Germalus), 29. 


longicornis (Pcecilo- 




kuniaonensis (Micro- 


scytus), 260. 




velia), 138. 


longipes (Kanatra), 315. 


ianthe (T-ipbleps), 305. 
Idatius, 290. 


kumari (Onycbotrecbus), 
147. 


Lopbocepbala, 202. 
Loricbius, 219. 


Ildefonsus, 110. 


kurseongensis (Psallus), 


Lua, 87. 


Ilyocoris, 324. 


289. 


lucina (Micronecta), 345. 


imperatorius (Aretas), 




lutea (Lutevula), 177. 


242. 




luteolus (Dysdercus), 


importunitas (Kagtnus), 


Laccotrepbes, 313. 


100. 


289. 


lacustrinus (Nysius), 13. 


Luteva, 177. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



359 



Lutevula, 176. 


Maruthas, 44. 


mussooriensis (Mega- 


Lygseidae, 1 . 


Matenesius, 234. 


crelutu), 236. 


Lygaeinae, 2. 


mayri (Borborophyes), 


mussooriensis (Nabis), 


LygEeosoma, 9. 


314. 


218. 


Lyganis, 4. 
Lygus, 254. 


Megaccelum, 235. 
Megaloceraea, 234. 


mutabilis (Liocoridea), 
263. 




melanicus (Nysius), 14. 


Myodocharia, 48. 


Macracauthopsis, 208. 


melanocephalus (Isde- 
gardes), 192. 


Mystilus, 233. 


raacrocephalus (Cimex), 


mellinus (Henicoce- 




227. 


phalus), 168. 


Nabidinas, 218. 


Macrocorisa, 339. 


memonides (Micronecta), 


Nabis, 218. 


Macrocorixa, 339. 


351. 


Naboandelus, 163. 


macroloba (Nagusta), 


merope ( Micronecta), 


Nacebus, 165. 


214. 


351. 


Nagusta, 213. 


Macropes, 17. 
maculata (Acantliaspis), 


Merragata, 133. 
Meschia, 36. 


naini (Eremocoris), 85. 
nanulus (Cymus), 16. 


194. 


Mesovelia, 137. 


Naucoridaj, 318. 


maculata (Ehagovelia), 


Mesoveliinae, 137. 


Naucoris, 324. 


137. 


metiadtis (Plea), 337. 


Natidareneia, 76. 


macnlatus (Graptoste- 


Metroeoris, 158. 


Navarrus, 47. 


thus), 7. 


Mevius, 253. 


nemorum (Anthocoris), 


maculatus (Laccotre- 


Mezira, 130. 


298. 


phes), 314. 


Microcoris, 62. 


Neolethseus, 79. 


maculatus (Naucoris), 


Micronecta, 345. 


nepalensis (Elasmo- 


324. 


micropygus (Dysdercus), 


gnathus), 122. 


magnicornis (Druth- 


100. 


nepalensis (Gerris), 143. 


marus), 246. 


Microvelia, 138. 


nepalensis (Metroeoris), 


mahal (Jehania), 294. 


militaris (Lygaeus), 4. 


158. 


Mahisa, 46. 


militaris (Scadra), 197. 


Nepidse, 313. 


maindroni (Geocoris), 


mimicus (Eucosmetus), 


Nerthus, 33. 


25. 


54. 


nesiota (Macropes), 17. 


maiusculus (Heleocoris), 


miinula (Pamera), 51. 


nicobarensis (Perkime- 


320. 


minor (Nysius), 13. 


rus), 17. 


majusculus (Opisthop- 


minthe (Micronecta), 


Nicostratus, 268. 


latys), 183. 


347. 


nietneri (Pamera), 50. 


malabarica (Micronecta), 


minusctilus (Sphedano- 


nigrescens (Chauliops), 


347. 


lestes), 205. 


35. 


Malala, 101. 


mixta (Ploiariola), 172. 


nigricans (Rhagovelia), 


malayana (Luteva), 177. 


M-notata (Micronecta), 


137. 


Malcida, 30. 
Malcinse, 30. 


346. 
modesta (Liocoridea), 


nigricornis (Odontopus), 


Malcus, 32. 


263. 


nigripes (Macracan- 


Manatanus, 86. 


modestus (Aspilocory- 


thopsis), 208. 


mandalayensis (Eni- 


phus), 8. 


nigrofasciatus (Metro- 


thares), 331. 


moeandus (Harpactor), 


eoris), 159. 


manipurensis (Nauda- 


204. 


nilgiriensis (Arma- 


rensia). 76. 


Maecenas, 108. 


chanus), 281. 


manni (Mystilus), 233. 


Mokauna, 111. 


niloticus (Leptopus), 224. 


Maranrildus, 55. 


Monanthia, 105, 123. 


Ninus, 15. 


marginanclrum (Mega- 
coelura), 237. 


Mononyx, 310. 
montandoni (Ptilocerus), 


nitida (Gerris), 142. 
nitidiusculus (Dinoma- 


marginata (Teleonemia), 


169. 


chus), 40. 


123. 


montanus (Manatauus), 


nitidula (Acanthobra- 


marginatus (Matenesius), 
234. 


86. 
monticola (Gerris), 


chys), 220. 
nocturnus (Acratheus), 


marerinatus (Pelogonus), 
310. 


142. 

mulsanti (Mesovelia), 


285. 
notata (Micronecta), 346. 


marshalli (Nychia), 334. 


137. 


Notoohilaster, 48. 


marshalli var. sappho 


musculus (Oxycarenus), 


Notonectida;, 329. 


(Nychia), 334. 


44. 


Notonectina, 329. 



360 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



nubifera (Guithera), 177. 


percninutus (Lasiochilus), 


prisca (Velocipeda), 220. 


nudipes (Dieuehes), 71. 


303. 


priscillianus (Idatius), 


Nychia, 334. 


perpulcher (Anisops), 


290. 


Nysius, 13. 


332. 


privus (Macropes), 21. 




pervalidum (Mfigacoe- 


proba (Micronecta), 348. 




lum), 235. 


proditus (Sohenus), 282. 


obliquatus (Heleocoris), 


Phsenacantha, 30. 


Prodromus, 246. 


322. 


phseophilus (Navarrus), 


project-is (Mononyx), 


obscurus (Scantius), 98. 


48. 


310. 


Occamus, 211. 


Phanerocoris, 213. 


promontoria (Corixa), 


Odontopus, 96. 


Phatnoma, 102. 


341. 


olivaceu3(Urentius), 112. 


philarete (Indra), 99. 


provorsus (Ildefonsus), 


Oncocephalus, 186. 


Philostephanus, 239. 


110. 


Oncopeltus, 4. 


Phyllocoris, 298. 


P.-allus, 289. 


Onychotrechus, 146. 


Phyllontochila, 115. 


Ptilocerus, 169. 


Opistoplatys, 183. 
orientalis (Tribelo- 


Phymatidse, 127. 
P u ysorhynchus, 201. 


pugnax (Meschia), 37. 
pulviiculatus (Geocoris), 


cephala), 182. 


Phytocoris, 251. 


24. 


ornatella (Compseuta), 


piceatus (Thaumasto- 


punctata (Corisa), 339. 


105. 


miris), 277- 


punctata (Micronecta), 


ornatulus (Aphanus), 69. 


piceus (Blaptostethus), 


351. 


ostensus (Lygus), 254. 


309. 


punctatus (Abulfeda), 


ovalis (Axiokersos), 124. 


picicornis (Scoloposcelis), 


96. 


ovatus (Letnnius). 60. 


304. 


pnnctatus (Fulvidius), 


Oxycareninse, 44. 


picina (Acanthaspis), 


276. 




193. 
Pilophoraria, 264. 


puncticollis (Triphleps), 
o07. 


Pachygronthinse, 43. 


pilosulus (Sampsigera- 


pundaluoyje (Serendiba), 


paciflca (Orthcea), 50. 


mus), 287. 


211. 


Pacorus, 262. 


pilosus (Almeida), 301. 


puri (Geocoris), 27. 


paivana (Enithares), 


pilosus (Stesichorus), 


pusa (Epibomius), 36. 


329. 


191. 


pusana (Salda), 223. 


pallescens (Blaptoste- 


Pirkimerus, 17. 


pusillum (Lygaeosoma) 


thus), 309. 


plagiatus (Euagoras), 


9. 


pallescens (Merragata), 


209. 


pygmsea (Ploiariola), 


133. 


Plea, 336. 


171. 


pallescens (Plea), 336. 


Pleinaa, 336. 


Pyrrhobaphus, 9, 


pallescens (Sadoletus), 


Plceai... 280. 


Pyrrhocoridas, 92. 


38. 


Ploiariola, 171. 


Pyrrhopeplus, 97. 


pallidulus (Lasioehalus), 
302. 


pluto (Triphleps), 307. 
Po3antius, 75. 


quadrimaculata (Mes- 


Pamera, 50. 


Pceciloscytus, 260. 


chia), 38. 


Pamerana, 53. 
pandurus (Lygseus 1 ), 4. 


polita (Horniella), 305. 
polita (Ploiariola), 172. 


qualis (Oamptobrochis), 
261. 


Paracalocoris, 251. 


politus (Pacorus), 262. 


Quercetanus, 198. 


parallelus (Scoloposcelis), 
304. 


Polyctenicla3, 309. 
Polytoxus, 182. 


quinquecostatus (Canta- 
cader), 100. 


parallelus (Sesellius), 


posthumus (Pyrrhope- 




304. 


plus), 97. 


Ragmus, 288. 


Paromius, 49. 


Potamiasna, 61. 


raja (Gerris), 144. 


patrius (Lygus), 254. 
patruum (Megaccelum), 


prasfectus (Apollodotus), 
247. 


raja (Macropes), 19. 
rama (Calocoris), 253. 


238. 


prsefectus (Dioclerus), 


Ranatra, 315. 


Pelogonidse, 310. 
Pelogonus, 310. 


279. 
prafectus (Silanus), 267. 


ravaua (Phyllontochila), 
115. 


pslopea (Plea), 336. 


prjesentans (Elymas), 


Recaredus, 104. 


pellucidus (Ragmus), 


179. 


Reduviidse, 169. 


289. 


primarius (Dortus), 280. 


Reduvius, 191. 


periplanios (Orthoea), 


priuceps (Micostratus), 


regulus (Abibalus), 269. 


50. 


268. 


reitteri (Rhagovelia), 


Peritropis, 253. 


princeps (Mokanna), 112. 


137. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



361 



relatus (Quercetanu?), 
]98. 


Scantius, 98. 
Schottus, 201. 


spinosus (Gonsalvus), 
9 1 . 


repandus (Zaratus), 264. 
retiarius (Cadmilos). 
107. 


Scipinia, 217. 
scuipturatus (Teutates), 
64. 


spissus (Mononyx), 312. 
aplendens (Bagauda), 


reticulata (Calphurnia), 
174. 


scutellaris (Naucoris) 
325. 


I / b. 

splendens (Timasius), 


retk-ulatus (Atkinson- 
ianus), 91. 


scutellata (Anisops), 


splendidus (Geocoris), 


reuteri (Sminthocoris), 


scutellatus (Malcus), 32. 


Staccia, 185. 


196. 
rex (Recaredus), 105. 
rhaeinus (Dinomacbus'), 
39. 


scutellatus (Pyrrhoba- 
phus), 9. 
sedula (Phsenacantha), 

01 


stali (Metrocoris), 158 
Stechus, 240. 
Stenopodinae, 185. 


Rhagovflia, 137. 


Sejanus, 291. 


Steph.mitis, 108. 
Stesichorus, 190. 


Rhaphidosoma, 202. 
Rheumatotrechus, 151. 


semiglobosus (Helo- 
trephes), 338. 


strarainipes (Megacoe- 
Imn), 236. 


rhinoceros (Cinnamus), 
230. 
ELiodoclia, 92. 


Semiotoscelis, 302. 
sentis (Urentius), 113. 
Septicius, 295. 


striata (Corisa), 339. 
strigipes (Leptopus), 


Ehynarius, 298. 
robustior (Paromius), 


Serebseus, 274. 
Serendiba, 210. 


sublsevis (Triphleps), 


50. 

rogersi (Enithares), 330. 


servus (Fabatus), 155 
Sesellius, 304. 


subsericea (Entisberus), 
59. 


rotundatus (Cimex), 


setulosus(Ceratocombus), 


subslriata (Corixa), 340. 


227. 

rotundatus (Heleocoris). 
321. 


226. 
sexnotatus (Cligenes), 
62. 


subunicolor (Ninus), 15. 
suffusus (Cadamustus), 
108. 


rubecula (Sphedano- 
lestes), 206. 


seychelleseus (Paromius), 
49. 


suffusus (Stephanitis), 


rubricaLum (Indoelum), 
240. 


signatus (Bardesanes), 
188. 


sugiilata (Anisops), 332. 
sulicus (Schottus), 201. 


rubricatus (Oncopeltus), 


signatus (Camptobro- 


superbus (Geocoris), 23. 


4. 

rubricatus (Tancredus), 


chis), 261. 
signatus (Naboandelus), 


suratensis (Aphanus), 
70. 


240. 


164. 


Sycanus, 207. 




signoreti (Ectatops), 94. 




Sabactas, 292. 


Silanus, 266. 


Taneredus, 240. 


Sabactus, 292. 
Sadoletus, 38. 


simla (Lygaeus), 5. 
simulans (Tropistethus), 


taprobanes (Cysteochila), 
126. 


sahlbergi (Gerris), 143. 


62. 


taprobanes (Lethseus), 


Saicinse, 182. 


sindica (Edocla), 196. 


77. 


Sakuntala, 115. 


singalensis (Nagusta), 


taprobanus (Bedunia), 


Salda, 221. 


215. 


57. 


Saldida;, 221. 


singalensis (Ninus), 15. 


tartarea (Lua), 88. 


Saldirise, 221 


singularis (Macropes), 


Teleoneinia, 123. 


Sainpsigeramus, 286. 


19. 


tenuicornis (Mezira), 


sandaracatus (Tancre- 


sinhalana (Graptosteth- 


130. 


dus), 240. 


us), 7. 


teres (Notochilaster), 


sanguinipes (Harpedona), 


sinhalana (Pamera), 52. 


49. 


229. 


si ii ha! ii ii i is (Macropes), 


tesselatus (Cimex), 5. 


sanguinolenta (Zanessa), 


18. 


tessellatus (Eeduvius), 


245. 


sita (Dindymus), 97. 


203. 


sanguinolentus (Asery- 
mus), 245. 


sita (Physopelta), 97. 
Sminthocoris, 196. 


Teutates, 63. 
Thaumastomiris, 277. 


saniosus (Maruthas), 45. 


Sohenus, 281. 


Thnumaturgus, 265. 


Sapinnius, 259. 


sordidus (Naucoris), 


theivora (Helopeltis), 


Sastrapada, 185. 
saxatilis (Eulygaeus), 5. 


325. 
sordidus (Stephanitis), 


249. 
thelxinse (Micronecta), 


saxatilis (Lygaeus), 5. 


109. 


346. 


Scadra, 197. 


Sphedanolestes, 204. 


Thermua, 257. 


VOL. V. 




2B 



362 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



thoracic. is (Macropes), 


typicus (Stephanitisl. 


Veliinse, 137. 


21. 


108. 


Velocipeda, 220. 


Thurselinus, 327. 


typicus (Tbaunmturgus), 


Velocipedinse, 220. 


thyesta (Micronecta), 


266. 


Ventidius, 156. 


349. 


tyrianus (Abdastartus), 


verecunda (Corixa), 


tibialis (Megacoelum), 


103. 


344. 


235. 


tyriamu (Badezorus), 


verrucosus (Arraatillus), 


Timasius, 135. 


283. 


97. 


Tingididoe, 100. 




vertiealis(Graptostethus), 


travancorensis (Lepto- 


umbonatns (Lorichius), 


7. 


pus), 225. 


220. 


vicinus (Heleocoris), 


Tribelocephala, 182. 


umbrosus (Ptilocerus), 


322. 


Tribelocephalinse, 182. 


169. 


villosulus (Dieuches), 73. 


Trichotonannus, 226. 


uniformis (Dieuches), 


vincta (Pamera), 50. 


tricolor (Labavius), 198. 


71. 


yiridipennis (Phaena- 


Triphleps, 305. 


uniformis (Mncropes), 


cantha), 32. 


tristan (Gerris), 1 14. 


20. 


vitaliter(Philostephanus), 


Tropistethus, 02. 


Urentius, 112. 


239. 


turgidulus (Mononyx), 


Ures, 149. 


viridus (Naucoris), 326. 


311. 


Usilanus, 82. 




typicalis CAntiopula), 


Uzza, 74. 


wasraanni (Fontejanus), 


196. 




57. 


typicus (Oadamustus), 


vadda (Onychotrechus), 




108. 


146. 


Xylonaunus, 226. 


typicus (Esmun), 41. 
typicus (G-albobelgicus), 


Valerius (Lygus), 256- 
varia (Anisops), 332. 


Zalmunna, 231. 


01 & 

216. 


varipes (Eanatra), 316. 


Zaratus, 264. 


typicus (Neolethseus), 


varipes, var. atropha 


Zelus, 213. 


80. 


(Ranatra), 316. 


Zonodorus, 270. 


typicus (Occamus), 212. 


varius (Anisops), 332. 


Zopherocoris, 298. 



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